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Sample records for bk020031 asi tpha

  1. EVALUATION OF MICRO-TPHA, VDRL AND RPR TESTS IN THE SERODIAGNOSIS OF SYPHILIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santhi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Syphilis is one of the most fascinating diseases of humans. Widespread use of antibiotics now has reduced the incidence of early syphilis and recognized new cases of late syphilis have decreased. Serological tests are the basis for the diagnosis of latent syphilis. They vary in their sensitivity and specificity. While non-treponemal tests (VDRL and RPR are most frequently used as screening procedures, treponemal tests (FTA-ABS and TPHA are considered to be highly sensitive and specific. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this study 100 serum samples collected from the patients attending STD Department, King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam. Samples were subjected to VDRL, RPR and Micro-TPHA tests to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of Micro-TPHA test in patients with various stages of syphilis and to evaluate the efficacy of Micro-TPHA to confirm the diagnosis of syphilis and to rule out biological false positive reactions or false negative reactions of VDRL tests. RESULTS Three tests (VDRL, RPR and Micro-TPHA were applied to all 100 patients. Among them 85 were VDRL reactive, 84 were RPR positive and 89 were TPHA positive. In them males were more in number, in 3 tests with respect to age, (21-30 age group patients showed predominance. Out of 100 patients, 81 sera were positive for all three tests and one serum sample was VDRL reactive, but RPR and TPHA were non-reactive. This may be a false positive reaction. The following tables showed the sensitivity and specificity of each test and also the sensitivity of each test in various stages of syphilis. CONCLUSION It is concluded as by performing TPHA test, false positive reactivity of VDRL test could be detected. Even in the cases of treated primary and secondary syphilis, TPHA was reactive. The lipoidal antigen tests primarily reflect disease activity and serial quantitative performance of these tests used to measure the treatment response.

  2. A Case of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Associated with False Positive VDRL and TPHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzeyyen Gonul

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a connective tissue disease characterized by vasculitis, which may involve multiple organs as well as the skin. Serologic tests for syphilis may be false positive in SLE. Although the false positivity of VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory is commonly seen, false positivity of TPHA (Treponema pallidum haemagglutination is a rare condition. We present a case of SLE with false positive VDRL and TPHA. A 26-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with violaceous papules and plaques with whitish desquamation and erosions, and crusts on the face, arms and back. The histopathological examination of the skin biopsy supported the diagnosis of discoid lupus erythematosus. The diagnosis of SLE was based on the presence of photosensitivity and the detection of leukopenia, anemia and positivities of antinuclear antibody, anti DNA, and VDRL. In addition to these findings, TPHA was found to be positive, but the ELISA test for syphilis and FTA ABS Ig M were negative. The positivity of VDRL and TPHA were accepted as false positives. We would like to point out that the false positivity of TPHA, although more rarely encountered, as well as that of VDRL, may be observed in SLE patients.

  3. Tamm ja Asi / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Näitus "Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm & Vello Asi" Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis kuni 2. IX. Kuna valminud objektidest ei ole enam ühtegi originaalkujul alles, on eksponeeritud võimalikult suurel hulgal valmimisjärgseid fotosid, millest enamiku on teinud Rein Vainküla

  4. Addiction Severity Index (ASI) summary scores: comparison of the Recent Status Scores of the ASI-6 and the Composite Scores of the ASI-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denis, Cécile M; Cacciola, John S; Alterman, Arthur I

    2013-01-01

    The characteristics and the validity of the Recent Status Scores (RSSs), the new summary scores generated by the sixth version of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6), are compared to the fifth version of the ASI summary scores, the Composite Scores (CSs). A sample of 82 randomly selected patients from substance abuse treatment programs were interviewed with the ASI-6, the ASI-5 and were administered a validity battery of questionnaires that included measures corresponding to each of the ASI domains. Each ASI-6 RSS was significantly correlated with its corresponding ASI-5 CS. The intercorrelations among the RSSs are low and none of these correlations were statistically different from the intercorrelations among CSs. In five of the seven areas, the ASI-6 RSSs were more highly correlated to the corresponding validity measures than were the ASI-5 CSs. The ASI-6 offers more comprehensive content in its scales than do those derived with earlier ASIs.

  5. ASI regulates satiety quiescence in C. elegans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Thomas; Kim, Jeongho; Oldenbroek, Marieke; Kerr, Rex; You, Young-Jai

    2013-06-05

    In Caenorhabditis elegans, satiety quiescence mimics behavioral aspects of satiety and postprandial sleep in mammals. On the basis of calcium-imaging, genetics, and behavioral studies, here we report that a pair of amphid neurons, ASI, is activated by nutrition and regulates worms' behavioral states specifically promoting satiety quiescence; ASI inhibits the switch from quiescence to dwelling (a browsing state) and accelerates the switch from dwelling to quiescence. The canonical TGFβ pathway, whose ligand is released from ASI, regulates satiety quiescence. The mutants of a ligand, a receptor and SMADs in the TGFβ pathway all eat more and show less quiescence than wild-type. The TGFβ receptor in downstream neurons RIM and RIC is sufficient for worms to exhibit satiety quiescence, suggesting neuronal connection from ASI to RIM and RIC is essential for feeding regulation through the TGFβ pathway. ASI also regulates satiety quiescence partly through cGMP signaling; restoring cGMP signaling in ASI rescues the satiety quiescence defect of cGMP signaling mutants. From these results, we propose that TGFβ and cGMP pathways in ASI connect nutritional status to promotion of satiety quiescence, a sleep-like behavioral state.

  6. ASi Tallink Grupp aktsiate esmane avalik pakkumine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    21. novembril algas AS-i Tallink Grupp aktsiate esmane pakkumine Tallinna börsil: jaeinvestoritel Eestis ja Soomes ning kutselistel investoritel Eestis, Soomes ja mujal on võimalus märkida kuni 34 090 909 firma lihtaktsiat. Vt.samas: Veel üks uus laev; Tallink Grupp asutas Lätis tütarettevõtte; ASi Tallink kommentaar ajalehes "Helsingin Sanomat" 13. novembril ilmunud artiklile; "Romantika" töötab jäähoki MMil flotellina; ASi Tallink Grupp 2004/2005. majandusaasta tulemustest; "Galaxy" ristimis- ja vettelaskmistseremoonia; 2. detsembril avalikustas AS Tallink Grupp oma aktsiate esmase avaliku pakkumise lõpliku pakkumishinna ning jaotamise tulemused

  7. NMR AND ESR STUDIES ON ANNEALING EFFECTS IN a-Si : F : H AND a-Si : H

    OpenAIRE

    1981-01-01

    Measurements of NMR of F in a-Si :F : H and a-Si : F have been carried out and the results are compared with those of H in a-Si : F : H and a-Si : H. Effects of motional narrowing on the linewidth of F NMR in a-Si : F : H show that some fraction of F is incorporated in the form of SiF4 or (SiF2)n which tends to move easily. When samples are annealed, the increase in the ESR center density is remarkable in a-Si : F : H and a-Si : H corresponding to the decrease in the H content, but the increa...

  8. Vello Asi - Eesti sisearhitektuuri Grand Old Man / Vello Asi ; interv. Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asi, Vello, 1927-

    2002-01-01

    Intervjuu sisearhitekti 75. sünnipäeva puhul. V. Asi õpingutest, tööst Estonprojektis, Kunstitoodete Kombinaadis, sisearhitektuuri kateedris, oma töödest, koostööst Valve Pormeistri ja Väino Tammega, eesti sisekujundusest 1960.-1970. aastail. 12 ill.

  9. Spectroscopic AC susceptibility imaging (sASI) of magnetic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ficko, Bradley W., E-mail: Bradley.W.Ficko@Dartmouth.edu; Nadar, Priyanka M.; Diamond, Solomon G.

    2015-02-01

    This study demonstrates a method for alternating current (AC) susceptibility imaging (ASI) of magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs) using low cost instrumentation. The ASI method uses AC magnetic susceptibility measurements to create tomographic images using an array of drive coils, compensation coils and fluxgate magnetometers. Using a spectroscopic approach in conjunction with ASI, a series of tomographic images can be created for each frequency measurement set and is termed sASI. The advantage of sASI is that mNPs can be simultaneously characterized and imaged in a biological medium. System calibration was performed by fitting the in-phase and out-of-phase susceptibility measurements of an mNP sample with a hydrodynamic diameter of 100 nm to a Brownian relaxation model (R{sup 2}=0.96). Samples of mNPs with core diameters of 10 and 40 nm and a sample of 100 nm hydrodynamic diameter were prepared in 0.5 ml tubes. Three mNP samples were arranged in a randomized array and then scanned using sASI with six frequencies between 425 and 925 Hz. The sASI scans showed the location and quantity of the mNP samples (R{sup 2}=0.97). Biological compatibility of the sASI method was demonstrated by scanning mNPs that were injected into a pork sausage. The mNP response in the biological medium was found to correlate with a calibration sample (R{sup 2}=0.97, p<0.001). These results demonstrate the concept of ASI and advantages of sASI. - Highlights: • Development of an AC susceptibility imaging model. • Comparison of AC susceptibility imaging (ASI) and susceptibility magnitude imaging (SMI). • Demonstration of ASI and spectroscopic ASI (sASI) using three different magnetic nanoparticle types. • SASI scan separation of three different magnetic nanoparticles samples using 5 spectroscopic frequencies. • Demonstration of biological feasibility of sASI.

  10. The ASY-EOS Experiment at GSI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russotto, P.; Chartier, M.; Cozma, M. D.; De Filippo, E.; Le Fèvre, A.; Gannon, S.; Gašparić, I.; Kiš, M.; Kupny, S.; Leifels, Y.; Lemmon, R. C.; Li, Q.; Łukasik, J.; Marini, P.; Pawłowski, P.; Trautmann, W.; Acosta, L.; Adamczyk, M.; Al-Ajlan, A.; Al-Garawi, M.; Al-Homaidhi, S.; Amorini, F.; Auditore, L.; Aumann, T.; Ayyad, Y.; Baran, V.; Basrak, Z.; Bassini, R.; Benlliure, J.; Boiano, C.; Boisjoli, M.; Boretzky, K.; Brzychczyk, J.; Budzanowski, A.; Cardella, G.; Cammarata, P.; Chajecki, Z.; Chbihi, A.; Colonna, M.; Czech, B.; Di Toro, M.; Famiano, M.; Greco, V.; Grassi, L.; Guazzoni, C.; Guazzoni, P.; Heil, M.; Heilborn, L.; Introzzi, R.; Isobe, T.; Kezzar, K.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Kurz, N.; La Guidara, E.; Lanzalone, G.; Lasko, P.; Lombardo, I.; Lynch, W. G.; Matthews, Z.; May, L.; Minniti, T.; Mostazo, M.; Pagano, A.; Papa, M.; Pirrone, S.; Pleskac, R.; Politi, G.; Porto, F.; Reifarth, R.; Reisdorf, W.; Riccio, F.; Rizzo, F.; Rosato, E.; Rossi, D.; Santoro, S.; Simon, H.; Skwirczynska, I.; Sosin, Z.; Stuhl, L.; Trifirò, A.; Trimarchi, M.; Tsang, M. B.; Verde, G.; Veselsky, M.; Vigilante, M.; Wieloch, A.; Wigg, P.; Wolter, H. H.; Wu, P.; Yennello, S.; Zambon, P.; Zetta, L.; Zoric, M.

    2016-05-01

    The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. In the ASY-EOS experiment at the GSI laboratory, flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon. Flow results obtained for the Au+Au system, in comparison with predictions of the UrQMD transport model, confirm the moderately soft to linear density dependence of the symmetry energy deduced from the earlier FOPI-LAND data.

  11. ASY-EOS experiment at GSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kezzar K.

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons in reactions of neutron rich Heavy-Ion at intermediate energies has been recently proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term in the nuclear equation of state (EOS at supra-saturation densities. The recent results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model allowed a first estimate of the symmetry term of the EOS but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration in May 2011.

  12. The ASY-EOS Experiment at GSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russotto P.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. In the ASY-EOS experiment at the GSI laboratory, flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon. Flow results obtained for the Au+Au system, in comparison with predictions of the UrQMD transport model, confirm the moderately soft to linear density dependence of the symmetry energy deduced from the earlier FOPI-LAND data.

  13. La formation des mégapoles en Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry G. McGEE

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available L’Asie est au bord d’une explosion urbaine, avec un accroissement de 1 680 millions d’habitants entre 1980 et 2020. Cet accroissement se produira en grande partie dans les grandes mégapoles en train d’apparaître. Cet article tente d’expliquer le processus en cours.

  14. Introduction of ASIS%美国工业安全协会(ASIS)简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠生

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1综述与简介 美国涉及安防行业的各种协会和团体数以百计,如:报警业研究教育基金会(AIREF)、美国工业安全协会(ASIS)、美国锁匠联合会(ALOA)、自动消防报警协会(AFAA)、中心站报警协会(CSAA)、闭路电视制造厂家协会(CCTMA)、计算机安全协会(CSI)、电子系统技术员培训协会、电子设计及安装承接商协会(CEDIA)、门与五金件协会(DHI)、电子业协会(EIA)、家庭自动化协会(HAA)、信息系统安全协会(ISSA)、国际计算机系统安全协会(IACSS)、国际鉴定协会(IAI)、国际职业安全顾问协会(IAPSC)、美国珠宝商安全联合会(JSA)、美国装甲车协会(NACA)、美国消防设备分销商协会、美国保安公司协会(NASCO)、美国防盗及火灾报警协会(NBFAA)、美国调查及安全服务理事会(NCISS)、美国电气制造商协会(NEMA)、美国系统承包商协会(NSCA)、安防行业协会(SIA)等.

  15. Praktik pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI bukan faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildagardis M.E Nai

    2016-08-01

    status, complementary foods ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Stunting merefleksikan kegagalan proses mencapai potensi pertumbuhan linear sebagai akibat dari kondisi kesehatan dan gizi yang tidak optimal. Salah satu penyebab kejadian stunting adalah kuantitas dan kualitas MP-ASI yang rendah.Tujuan: Untuk mengidentifikasi risiko praktik pemberian MP-ASI seperti usia pengenalan MP-ASI, keragaman MP-ASI, dan frekuensi MP-ASI dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Rancangan penelitian ini adalah kasus-kontrol dengan perbandingan 1:1 dan menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif-kualitatif model concurrent embedded. Kasus adalah anak usia 6-23 bulan yang memiliki skor-z PB/U <-2SD. Kontrol adalah anak usia 6-23 bulan yang memiliki skor-z PB/U ≥-2SD yang tinggal berdekatan dengan kelompok kasus. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat (deskriptif, bivariat (uji chi-square dan multivariat (uji regresi logistik berganda.Hasil: Analisis bivariat menunjukkan usia pengenalan MP-ASI (OR=1,07, keragaman MP-ASI (OR=1,17, dan frekuensi pemberian MP-ASI (OR=1,69 bukan faktor risiko kejadian stunting (p>0,05. Skor keragaman MP-ASI yang lebih rendah (kelompok makanan ≤2, 3, 4 berhubungan dengan peningkatan risiko kejadian stunting berturut-turut OR=2,24, 95% CI:1,00-5,01; OR=1,82, 95% CI:0,96-3,45; OR=1,66, 95% CI:0,81-3,46. Analisis multivariat menunjukkan faktor risiko kejadian stunting adalah tinggi badan ibu (OR=1,86 dan riwayat berat badan lahir rendah (BBLR (OR=3,23,.Kesimpulan: Praktik pemberian MP-ASI seperti usia pengenalan, keragaman, dan frekuensi pemberian MP-ASI bukan merupakan faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan. Faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan yang bermakna adalah tinggi badan ibu dan riwayat BBLR.KATA KUNCI: stunting, asupan makan, status gizi, MP-ASI

  16. Proceedings of the 10th ASIS SIG/CR classification research workshop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This volume is a working copy of the papers presented at the 9th ASIS SIG/CR workshop on classification research, held in Washington, DC, at the ASIS Annual Meeting on Sunday 31 October 1999. The contributions printed here are working papers, and thus, not necessarily in their final form. For thi......This volume is a working copy of the papers presented at the 9th ASIS SIG/CR workshop on classification research, held in Washington, DC, at the ASIS Annual Meeting on Sunday 31 October 1999. The contributions printed here are working papers, and thus, not necessarily in their final form...

  17. GenASiS: General Astrophysical Simulation System. I. Fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y; Endeve, Eirik; Mezzacappa, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System) is a new code being developed initially and primarily, though by no means exclusively, for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae on the world's leading capability supercomputers. Using the features of Fortran 2003 that allow for object-oriented programming, its classes are grouped into three major divisions: (1) Basics, which contains some basic utilitarian functionality for large-scale simulations on distributed-memory supercomputers; (2) Mathematics, which includes generic mathematical constructs and solvers that are as agnostic as possible with regard to the specifics of any particular system; and (3) Physics, which sets up physical spaces associated with various theories of spacetime (including gravity), defines various forms of stress-energy, and combines these into `universes.' To provide a foundation for subsequent papers focusing on the implementation of various pieces of physics needed for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae and other astr...

  18. The anti-coagulants asis or apc do not protect against renal ischemia/ reperfusion injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah T.B.G. Loubele

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R injury is the main cause of acute renal failure. The severity of injury is determined by endothelial damage as well as inflammatory and apoptotic processes. The anticoagulants active site inhibited factor VIIa (ASIS and activated protein C (APC are besides their anticoagulant function also known for their cytoprotective properties. In this study the effect of ASIS and APC was assessed on renal I/R injury and this in relation to inflammation and apoptosis. Our results showed no effect of ASIS or APC on renal injury as determined by histopathological scoring as well as by blood urea nitrogen (BUN and creatinine levels. Furthermore, no effect on fibrin staining was detected but ASIS did reduce tissue factor activity levels after a 2-hr reperfusion period. Neither ASIS nor APC administration influenced overall inflammation markers, although some inflammatory effects of ASIS on interleukin (IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α were detectable after 2 hr of reperfusion. Finally, neither APC nor ASIS had an influence on cell signaling pathways or on the number of apoptotic cells within the kidneys. From this study we can conclude that the anticoagulants ASIS and APC do not have protective effects in renal I/R injury in the experimental setup as used in this study which is in contrast to the protective effects of these anticoagulants in other models of I/R.

  19. PENGARUH KONSUMSI JANTUNG PISANG BATU TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI ASI DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS SRIKUNCORO, KECAMATAN PONDOK KELAPA, BENGKULU TENGAH TAHUN 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Elly Wahyuni; Sri Sumiati; Nurliani Nurliani

    2013-01-01

    Latar Belakang: Air susu ibu (ASI) adalah makanan terbaik untuk bayi, jantung pisang batu merupakan jenis makananmengandung Laktogogum yaitu zat gizi yang dapat meningkatkan dan melancarkan produksi ASI terutama pada ibu yangmengalami masalah dalam produksi ASI. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh jantung pisangbatu terhadap peningkatan produksi ASI pada Ibu Menyusui di Wilayah Puskesmas Srikuncoro Kecamatan Pondok KelapaBengkulu Tengah Tahun 2012. Metode: Metode pen...

  20. Le patrimoine urbain en Asie centrale 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillemette Pincent

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Le « patrimoine urbain » est une expression utilisée en Europe occidentale depuis le début du XXe siècle. Quelle signification prend-il en Asie centrale ? Nous verrons que le patrimoine urbain y est un concept étatique qui répond à des impératifs économiques, politiques et non historiques. Il regroupe principalement des monuments utiles au pouvoir politique et se soucie peu de l’authenticité historique chère à l’Occident.The “urban heritage” is an expression used in Western Europe since the beginning of XXth century. What meaning does it take in Central Asia? We shall see that the urban heritage is a state concept, which answers to economic, political and not historic imperatives. It includes mainly monuments useful for the political power and cares few about the historic authenticity advocated by the West.

  1. Fundamental Physics with the ASI Lunar Mission MAGIA (Phase A Study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell'Agnello, S.; Currie, D.; Delle Monache, G.; Vittori, R.; Bellettini, G.; March, R.; Tauraso, R.; Boni, A.; Cantone, C.; Garattini, M.; Lops, C.; Martini, M.; Prosperi, C.

    2008-07-01

    MAGIA is a mission selected by ASI for Phase A study for the planetology science and fundamental physics measurements: Gravitational Redshift; Precursor test of Proposal LLRRA-21 (NASA LSSO); Measurement of the Selenocenter.

  2. GenASiS: General Astrophysical Simulation System. II. Nonrelativistic Hydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y; Endeve, Eirik; Mezzacappa, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the second in a series, we document the algorithms and solvers for compressible nonrelativistic hydrodynamics implemented in GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System)---a new code being developed initially and primarily, though by no means exclusively, for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae. In the Mathematics division of GenASiS we introduce Solvers, which includes finite-volume updates for generic hyperbolic BalanceEquations and ordinary differential equation integration Steps. We also introduce the Physics division of GenASiS; this extends the Manifolds division of Mathematics into physical Spaces, defines StressEnergies, and combines these into Universes. We benchmark the hydrodynamics capabilities of GenASiS against many standard test problems; the results illustrate the basic competence of our implementation, demonstrate the manifest superiority of the HLLC over the HLL Riemann solver in a number of interesting cases, and provide preliminary indications of the code's abili...

  3. PERUBAHAN KANDUNGAN YODIUM DALAM ASI SETELAH PEMBERIAN YODIUM DOSIS TINGGI PER ORAL PADA IBU MENYUSUI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhilal Muhilal

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian pengaruh pemberian kapsul iodium dosis tinggi pada ibu menyusui terhadap kadar iodium dalam ASI di Kecamatan Dukun dan Srumbung, Jawa Tengah. Ibu menyusui dibagi dalam 2 kelompok: kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok pembanding. Urine dan ASI pada kelompok perlakuan dan pembanding dikumpulkan pada hari 0, 2, 7, 30, 90 dan 180. Analisis iodium dilakukan dengan cara Kolhoff and Sanders. Pola perubahan kandungan iodium ASI sama dengan pola perubahan iodium dalam urin dengan koefisien korelasi sebesar 0.96. Kandungan iodium dalam ASI pada kelompok perlakuan ditemukan pada hari kedua dengan nilai 16350 ug/L dibandingkan dengan 75 ug/L pada kelompok pembanding, kemudian menurun secara perlahan sampai mendekati nilai normal pada hari ke 180 setelah pemberian kapsul iodium. Diperkirakan kandungan iodium dalam ASI sekitar 60% dari kandungan iodium dalam urin. Dengan dugaan adanya kelebihan masukan iodium pada bayi yang menerima dari dua sumber, yaitu ASI dan kapsul yang diberikan langsung pada bayi dalam program IDD, perlu dipertimbangkan kemudian timbulkan efek sampingan pada bayi karena kelebihan iodium.

  4. Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm ja Vello Asi. Näitusekataloog = Interior architects Väino Tamm and Vello Asi. Exhibition catalogue

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Näitusekataloogi "Tamm ja Asi" autor ja koostaja Karen Jagodin ning kujundaja Tiit Jürna pälvisid Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2007. a. publitsistika preemia. Enamik raamatus publitseeritud fotodest pärineb fotograaf Rein Vainküla kogust. K. Jagodinist ja T. Jürnast, nende fotod

  5. A study on the dynamic tie points ASI algorithm in the Arctic Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Guanghua; SU Jie

    2015-01-01

    Sea ice concentration is an important parameter for polar sea ice monitoring. Based on 89 GHz AMSR-E (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System) data, a gridded high-resolution passive microwave sea ice concentration product can be obtained using the ASI (the Arctic Radiation And Turbulence Interaction Study (ARTIST) Sea Ice) retrieval algorithm. Instead of using fixed-point values, we developed ASI algorithm based on daily changed tie points, called as the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm in this study. Here the tie points are expressed as the brightness temperature polarization difference of open water and 100% sea ice. In 2010, the yearly-averaged tie points of open water and sea ice in Arctic are estimated to be 50.8 K and 7.8 K, respectively. It is confirmed that the sea ice concentrations retrieved by the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm can increase (decrease) the sea ice concentrations in low-value (high-value) areas. This improved the sea ice concentrations by present retrieval algorithm from microwave data to some extent. Comparing with the products using fixed tie points, the sea ice concentrations retrieved from AMSR-E data by using the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm are closer to those obtained from MODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In 40 selected cloud-free sample regions, 95% of our results have smaller mean differences and 75% of our results have lower root mean square (RMS) differences compare with those by the fixed tie points.

  6. Hubungan Pemberian ASI dengan Tumbuh Kembang Bayi Umur 6 Bulan di Puskesmas Nanggalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Insana Fitri

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakBayi mengalami proses tumbuh kembang yang dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya adalah gizi. Unsur gizi pada bayi dapat dipenuhi dengan pemberian ASI, bahkan sampai umur 6 bulan sesuai rekomendasi WHO tahun 2001 diberikan ASI eksklusif. Namun, angka pencapaian ASI eksklusif di Indonesia masih rendah yaitu 61,5% dan puskesmas Nanggalo 65%. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI dengan tumbuh kembang bayi umur 6 bulan di Puskesmas Nanggalo. Penelitian ini merupakan studi analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Pertumbuhan dinilai melalui status gizi dan perkembangan melalui Tes Denver II, dengan jumlah sampel 50 bayi. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah uji chi square dengan derajat kemaknaan 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberian ASI eksklusif masih rendah (30% dibandingkan ASI non eksklusif (70%. Bayi ASI eksklusif berpeluang mengalami pertumbuhan normal 1,62 kali lebih besar dibandingkan bayi ASI non eksklusif (nilai OR = 1,62 dan perkembangan sesuai umur 5,474 kali lebih besar dibandingkan bayi ASI non eksklusif. Namun, pada pertumbuhan diperoleh nilai p = 0,696 dan nilai p perkembangan= 0,062 sehingga hubungan pemberian ASI terhadap tumbuh kembangan tidak signifikan. Penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara pemberian ASI dengan tumbuh kembang bayi umur 6 bulan di Puskesmas Nanggalo Kota Padang.Kata kunci: Bayi umur 6 bulan, Pemberian ASI, Tumbuh KembangAbstractThe infant has a process of growth and development that is affected by several factors, one of them is nutrition. The element of nutrition for infant can be fulfilled by breast feeding, WHO (2011 recommends the infant should be given the exclusive breast feeding until it reaches 6 months old. However, the achievement number of exclusive breast feeding in Indonesia is still low (61.5% and in the Nanggalo Community Health Center (65%. The aim of this research is to know the relationship between the breast feeding with

  7. Optimized Varian aSi portal dosimetry: development of datasets for collective use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Esch, Ann; Huyskens, Dominique P; Hirschi, Lukas; Baltes, Christof

    2013-11-04

    Although much literature has been devoted to portal dosimetry with the Varian amorphous silicon (aSi) portal imager, the majority of the described methods are not routinely adopted because implementation procedures are cumbersome and not within easy reach of most radiotherapy centers. To make improved portal dosimetry solutions more generally available, we have investigated the possibility of converting optimized configurations into ready-to-use standardized datasets. Firstly, for all commonly used photon energies (6, 10, 15, 18, and 20 MV), basic beam data acquired on 20 aSi panels were used to assess the interpanel reproducibility. Secondly, a standardized portal dose image prediction (PDIP) algorithm configuration was created for every energy, using a three-step process to optimize the aSi dose response function and profile correction files for the dosimetric calibration of the imager panel. An approximate correction of the backscatter of the Exact arm was also incorporated. Thirdly, a set of validation fields was assembled to assess the accuracy of the standardized configuration. Variations in the basic beam data measured on different aSi panels very rarely exceeded 2% (2 mm) and are of the same order of magnitude as variations between different Clinacs when measuring in reference conditions in water. All studied aSi panels can hence be regarded as nearly identical. Standardized datasets were successfully created and implemented. The test package proved useful in highlighting possible problems and illustrating remaining limitations, but also in demonstrating the good overall results (95% pass rate for 3%,3 mm) that can be obtained. The dosimetric behavior of all tested aSi panels was found to be nearly identical for all tested energies. The approach of using standardized datasets was then successfully tested through the creation and evaluation of PDIP preconfigured datasets that can be used within the Varian portal dosimetry solution.

  8. PENGARUH KONSUMSI JANTUNG PISANG BATU TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI ASI DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS SRIKUNCORO, KECAMATAN PONDOK KELAPA, BENGKULU TENGAH TAHUN 2012

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    Elly Wahyuni

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang: Air susu ibu (ASI adalah makanan terbaik untuk bayi, jantung pisang batu merupakan jenis makananmengandung Laktogogum yaitu zat gizi yang dapat meningkatkan dan melancarkan produksi ASI terutama pada ibu yangmengalami masalah dalam produksi ASI. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh jantung pisangbatu terhadap peningkatan produksi ASI pada Ibu Menyusui di Wilayah Puskesmas Srikuncoro Kecamatan Pondok KelapaBengkulu Tengah Tahun 2012. Metode: Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode one group before and afterintervention design, atau pre and post test design. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Puskesmas Srikuncoro Bengkulu Tengahmulai Tanggal 16–29 Juni 2012. Populasi adalah ibu post partum < 40 hari yang menyusui di wilayah Puskesmas Srikuncoroberjumlah 60 orang, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 20 orang. Hasil: Dari hasil penelitian ini diperoleh bahwa intensitasrata-rata frekuensi ASI sebelum konsumsi jantung pisang batu adalah 5,7 kali. Setelah mengkonsumsi jantung pisang batu,mengalami peningkatan menjadi 9,75 kali. Perbedaan nilai rata-rata peningkatan Produksi ASI adalah 5,458 dengan sig0,000. Karena < 0,05, kesimpulan Ha diterima yang berarti ada pengaruh konsumsi jantung batu terhadap peningkatan produksi ASI. Saran, diperlukan penyuluhan yang lebih intensif kepada masyarakat bahwa jantung pisang batu dapatmemengaruhi produksi ASI. Diharapkan agar peneliti lain dapat melanjutkan penelitian ini dengan faktor-faktor lain sepertimasalah psikologis, pelaksanaan Inisiasi Menyusui Dini (IMD, status gizi dan penggunaan kontrasepsi hormonal.

  9. [Psychometric performance of the 6th version of the Addiction Severity Index in Spanish (ASI-6)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz Mesa, Eva M; García-Portilla, Paz; Sáiz, Pilar A; Bobes Bascarán, Teresa; Casares, María José; Fonseca, Eduardo; Carreño, Eduardo; Flórez, Gerardo; Guardia, Josep; Ochoa, Enriqueta; Pereiro, César; Rubio, Gabriel; Terán, Antonio; Fernández Hermida, José Ramón; Bobes, Julio

    2010-08-01

    This work analysed the psychometric properties of the 6th version of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6) translated and adapted to the Spanish language. A multicentre, observational and prospective design was used. A total of 258 participants were included, 217 were patients (35 stable patients and 182 unstable patients), and 41 were controls. The results show satisfactory psychometric performance of the ASI-6. The degree of the internal consistency of the standardized objective scores ranged between .47 and .95. As for test-retest reliability, the values were acceptable, varying from .36 to 1. The study of the internal structure revealed a good fit to a unidimensional solution for all scales taken independently. Regarding convergent-discriminant validity, the correlations between the primary and secondary scales of the ASI-6 and the Clinic Global Impression score were low, with values from .01 to .26. Likewise, 8 of the 15 scales differentiated between controls and unstable patients. The psychometric properties of the ASI-6 Spanish version seem to be acceptable, though it is necessary to carry out new studies to test metric quality with independent samples of patients.

  10. Understanding the Thermal Stability of Silver Nanoparticles Embedded in a-Si

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gould, Anna L.; Kadkhodazadeh, Shima; Wagner, Jakob Birkedal

    2015-01-01

    The inclusion of silver plasmonic nanoparticles in silicon is highly relevant for photovoltaics as it may enhance optical absorption. We report an investigation of the stability of such pristine silver nanoparticles embedded in a-Si upon heat treatment. We have investigated the morphological...

  11. Festival "Meretagune asi" kutsub osa saama vendade Tuulikute loomingust / Ivika Laanet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanet, Ivika

    2009-01-01

    Kuressaares toimub Saaremaa Rahvateatri ja Kuressaare Linnateatri poolt korraldatud harrastusteatrite festival "Meretagune asi", mis on pühendatud vendadele Ülo ja Jüri Tuulikule. Festivali raames toimub kuuldemängunädal, teatri- ja kirjanduskonverents ning Jüri Tuuliku näitemängude päev

  12. El sudeste Asiático entre el mito y la realidad

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    Peemans Jean Philippe

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available El tema de esta conferencia está referido al modelo o modelos de desarrollo puesto en marcha en el sudeste asiático. La reflexión se divide en dos partes: la primera trata de las condiciones históricas de iniciación del modelo. La segunda, se refiere a la problemática de la transferibilidad de este modelo a otros países del tercer mundo. Existe un gran interés por el modelo del sudeste asiático, gracias a la existencia de tasas de crecimiento extremadamente altas del
    Producto Interno Bruto por habitante entre 1960 y 1980. Estos países, llamados los dragones del sudeste asiático, revisten importancia para el conjunto de la economía y la población mundial al constatarse estos Índices de crecimiento en forma repetitiva y duradera. Al lado de estos hechos existe una abundante literatura en la cual lo predominante es la presentación un poco idílica u optimista del modelo del sudeste asiático, como una fórmula de efectos mágicos.

  13. ASI/SDI transport stream player based on FPGA design and implementation%基于FPGA的ASI/SDI码流播放器的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许盛世; 方志强; 俞东雷

    2013-01-01

    随着数字技术的发展,数字产品的普及,各种数字电视工作人员专用测试工具不断被开发.针对码流播放器的市场需要的目的,采用基于FPGA的系统架构的方法,结合硬件及软件设计等方面内容,文中详细介绍了一个包含码流录制、码流播放、码流分析等多种功能的ASI/SDI码流播放器的设计与实现的过程.%With the development of digital technology,the popularity of digital products,all kinds of digital TV staff special test tools for continuous was developed.For the market need of TS-Player,with the method based on FPGA system structure,this paper introduces the process of ASI/SDI code flow player design and implementation in detail from hardware and software design,etc.,which contains code flow recording,code flow play,code flow analysis and so on the many kinds of functions.

  14. The INAF contribution to the ASI Space Debris program: observational activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pupillo, G.; Salerno, E.; Bartolini, M.; Di Martino, M.; Mattana, A.; Montebugnoli, S.; Portelli, C.; Pluchino, S.; Schillirò, F.; Konovalenko, A.; Nabatov, A.; Nechaeva, M.

    Space debris are man made objects orbiting around Earth that pose a serious hazard for both present and future human activities in space. Since 2007 the Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF) carried out a number of radar campaigns in the framework of the ASI ``Space Debris'' program. The observations were performed by using bi- and multi-static radars, composed of the INAF 32-m Italian radiotelescopes located at Medicina and Noto (used as receivers) and the 70-m parabolic antenna at Evpatoria (Ukraine) used as transmitter. The 32 m Ventspils antenna in Latvia also participated in the last campaign at the end of June 2010. Several kinds of objects in various orbital regions (radar calibrators, rocket upper stages, debris of different sizes) were observed and successfully detected. Some unknown objects were also discovered in LEO during the beam-park sessions. In this paper we describe some results of the INAF-ASI space debris research activity.

  15. Influence of plasma etching in a multi chamber system on a-Si solar cell performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kausche, H.; Moeller, M.; Plaettner, R.

    The plasma-CVD deposition system consisting of two chambers and developed at Siemens can deposit 9 pin solar cells of 100 sq cm simultaneously. Cleaning of the internal surfaces coated with a-Si is performed by plasma etching. The etch gases CF4+O2, SF6 and NF3 were investigated with respect to their etch rates, their efficacy in cleaning 'hidden' parts in the chamber, and with respect to the etching reaction products affecting the performance of the subsequently deposited cells. Mass spectrometric cell performance measurements were therefore taken. The sequence of etching with CF4+O2 or NF3, glow discharge in Ar+H2, pre-deposition of a-Si and cell deposition proved to be a suitable method for achieving high cell performance.

  16. Photodiode forward bias to reduce temporal effects in a-Si based flat panel detectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollov, Ivan; Tognina, Carlo; Colbeth, Richard

    2008-03-01

    Lag and sensitivity modulation are well known temporal artifacts of a-Si photodiode based flat panel detectors. Both effects are caused by charge carriers being trapped in the semiconductor. Trapping and releasing of these carriers is a statistical process with time constants much longer than the frame time of flat panel detectors. One way to reduce these temporal artifacts is to keep the traps filled by applying a pulse of light over the entire detector area every frame before the x-ray exposure. This paper describes an alternative method, forward biasing the a-Si photodiodes and supplying free carriers to fill the traps. The array photodiodes are forward biased and then reversed biased again every frame between the panel readout and x-ray exposure. The method requires no change to the mechanical construction of the detector, only minor modifications of the detector electronics and no image post processing. An existing flat panel detector was modified and evaluated for lag and sensitivity modulation. The required changes of the panel configuration, readout scheme and readout timing are presented in this paper. The results of applying the new technique are presented and compared to the standard mode of operation. The improvements are better than an order of magnitude for both sensitivity modulation and lag; lowering their values to levels comparable to the scintillator afterglow. To differentiate the contribution of the a-Si array, from that of the scintillator, a large area light source was used. Possible implementations and applications of the method are discussed.

  17. Pengasuh berhubungan dengan keberhasilan pemberian ASI eksklusif pada baduta di Kecamatan Sedayu

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    Siti Nurunniyah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: The success of exclusive breastfeeding is influenced by several factors. One of them is the care taker contacts of children and old nursing mothers with children. Many mothers who leave their children because of work. It makes contact duration of mothers with their children becomes limited.Objectives: This research aimed to determine the relationship between parenting with the success of exclusive breastfeeding in District of Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods: This research was quantitative analytical approach and reinforced with qualitative approach. This study used cross sectional design. The population in this study were all mothers with the children under two years old in the District of Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta. The samples used in this study were 292 respondents that were selected by using techniques of probability proportional to size (PPS. Data were then collected using questionnaires and analyzed by using chi-square.  Results: There was significant relationship between parenting with the success of exclusive breastfeeding (p=0,019.Conclusions: There was relationship between parenting with the success of exclusive breastfeedingKEYWORDS:parenting, care taker, exclusive breastfeedingABSTRAKLatar belakang: Keberhasilan pemberian ASI eksklusif dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya adalah pengasuh utama anak dan lama kontak ibu menyusui dengan anak. Banyak ibu yang menitipkan anaknya karena bekerja, sehingga lama kontak ibu menyusui dengan anak menjadi terbatas.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pola asuh dengan keberhasilan pemberian ASI eksklusif di Kecamatan Sedayu, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dan diperkuat dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu yang memiliki anak di bawah umur

  18. O novo regionalismo econômico asiático New asian economic regionalism

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    Silvio Miyazaki

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Os acordos preferenciais de comércio têm crescido no Pacífico Asiático desde 1998, após a crise financeira que atingiu aquela região. Esse crescimento do número de áreas de comércio é chamado de Novo Regionalismo Asiático. Este artigo apresenta essa nova onda de integração econômica na região, focalizando o comércio, cujas características são: a participação em negociações comerciais de países que antes não eram membros de áreas preferenciais de comércio; os países serem membros de mais de um acordo de comércio regional; muitos dos acordos em negociação cruzarem regiões do mundo e muitos dos novos acordos serem bilaterais. São apresentados os conceitos e a classificação das diferentes formas de integração econômica, os benefícios e as limitações que os acordos preferenciais de comércio trazem às economias; em seguida, são analisadas as áreas de integração econômica existentes e as que estão em processo de negociação na região do Pacífico Asiático. São examinadas, também, as principais causas do Novo Regionalismo Asiático: além da crise asiática, a perda da credibilidade de organismos regionais e do sistema multilateral de comércio, a ampliação das áreas preferenciais de comércio em outras regiões do mundo e a competição de natureza econômica e política entre os países da região. Conclui-se que, se efetivamente houver a integração entre as economias, haverá um novo ciclo de crescimento da economia asiática, em particular do Leste e do Sudeste Asiáticos, prosseguindo com o modelo de crescimento liderado pelas exportações.Preferential trade agreements have been grown in Asia Pacific since 1998, hence after this region faced financial crisis. The growing of those trade areas is called New Asian Economic Regionalism. This paper shows this new wage of regional economic integration, focusing the trade, whose main features are: include countries that were not previously member

  19. Psychometric properties of the sixth version of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6 in Brazil Propriedades psicométricas da sexta versão da Escala de Gravidade de Dependência (ASI-6 no Brasil

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    Felix Kessler

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There are few research tools in Brazil to assess more broadly the alcohol and other drug related problems. OBJECTIVE: To test the psychometric properties of ASI in its sixth version (ASI-6. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in four Brazilian state capitals. Four research centers interviewed 150 adult inpatients or outpatients, and one research center interviewed 140 patients. A total of 740 substance abusers were selected. Training and supervision of interviewers were performed to assure the quality of dada collected. RESULTS: Most areas of the ASI showed good reliability between the instrument and the interviewers, with no statistically significant differences between the ASI-6 Summary Scores for Recent Functioning (SS-Rs of both interviews. Cronbach's alpha for ASI-6 subscales ranged from 0.64 to 0.95. Correlations between the ASI-6 Alcohol and Drug scores and the concurrent instrument (ASSIST were high (0.72 and 0.89, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between the scores in psychiatric, medical and drug areas and the scores of WHOQOL. CONCLUSION: Analysis of the psychometric properties of ASI-6 both in outpatients and inpatients in Brazil indicate a good reliability and validity of this instrument for the Brazilian culture. The development of this instrument in Brazil is an important advancement, which will certainly have implications for the prevention, clinical research, and social rehabilitation fields.INTRODUÇÃO: Existem poucos instrumentos de pesquisa no Brasil que avaliam de forma mais ampla os problemas relacionados ao álcool e a outras drogas. OBJETIVO: Testar as propriedades psicométricas da ASI, em sua sexta versão (ASI-6. MÉTODOS: Um estudo transversal e multicêntrico foi conduzido em quatro capitais de estados brasileiros. Quatro centros de pesquisa entrevistaram 150 pacientes adultos internados ou em tratamento ambulatorial. Foram selecionados um total de 740

  20. Karakteristik dan Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Balita Tidak Mendapat ASI Eksklusif di Dusun Mangir Tengah Desa Sendang Sari Kecamatan Pajangan Bantul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dita Karinda

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Alasan-alasan para ibu menghentikan pemberian ASI-nya, menurut hasil laporan Depkes RI 1990 yaitu ASI tidak keluar 32%, ibu bekerja 28%, pengaruh pemberian susu formula 16%, pengaruh suami dan saudara 24% dan keinginan dianggap modern 4%. Bayi yang tidak diberi ASI secara eksklusif sangat rentan terserang penyakit. Penyakit yang bisa disebabkan karena kegagalan pemberian ASI eksklusif antara lain meningkatkan risiko kematian, infeksi saluran pencernaan (muntah, mencret, infeksi saluran pernapasan, meningkatkan gizi buruk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi tentang karakteristik dan faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi balita yang tidak mendapat ASI eksklusif di Dusun Mangir Tengah Desa Sendang Kecamatan Pajangan Bantul. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan metode penelitian natura1istik kuatitatif. Data-data penelitian dicatat melalui perekaman audio tape, pengambilan foto, catatan lapangan. Subjek penelitian ini adalah ibu-ibu yang memiliki balita yang tidak diberi ASI eksklusif. Pengambilan data menggunakan observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Hasil penelitian status gizi balita yang tidak mendapatkan ASI eksklusif termasuk dalam kategori baik. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan balita yang tidak mendapatkan ASI eksklusif termasuk dalam kategori normal. Faktor- faktor yang memengaruhi balita tidak mendapatkan ASI eksklusif antara lain ASI tidak lancar, kerja pabrik, kuliah, bayi tidak mau minum ASI, payudara bengkak, puting lecet.

  1. KARAKTERISASI EKSTRAK ETANOL BIJI KLABET (Trigonella foenum-graecum L SEBAGAI TANAMAN OBAT PELANCAR ASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Isnawati

    2013-08-01

    belakang. Data (SDKI tahun 2002-2003, ditemukan  jumlah pemberian ASI eksklusif pada bayi di bawah usia dua bulan hanya mencakup 64% dari total bayi yang ada dan lebih memprihatinkan, 13% bayi di bawah dua bulan telah diberi susu formula. Selain itu satu dari tiga bayi usia 2-3 bulan telah diberi makanan tambahan. Hasil suatu survei melaporkan bahwa 38% ibu menghentikan pemberian ASI bagi bayi dengan alasan produksi ASI tidak mencukupi. Klabet sebagai herbal penambah ASI perlu dilakukan karakterisasi ekstrak biji Klabet sebagai langkah awal standarisasi ekstrak biji Klabet. Metode. Sampel adalah ekstrak biji Klabet. Tanaman Klabet diperoleh dari Jawa Timur.Untuk menjamin persyaratan mutu ekstrak etanol 50 % biji Klabet yang digunakan sebagai herbal untuk pelancar ASI pertama –tama harus memenuhi karakteristik mutu berdasarkan Pedoman persyaratan ekstrak yang dikeluarkan BPOM.Pemeriksaan men-cakup parameter non spesifik antara lain: kadar air, kadar abu total, kadar abu tidak larut asam, dan susut. Sedangkan parameter spesifik mencakup penetapan kadar sari larut alka-loid, penetapan kadar sari larut air, penetapan kadar Trigonellin dan uji golongan senyawa kimia Hasil. Karakterisasi ekstrak etanol 50 % biji klabet non spesifik : kadar air 13,70 %, kadar abu total 1,16 %, kadar abu tidak larut asam 0,06 % dan susut pengeringan 20,59  %, sedangkan karakteristik  spesifik : kadar sari larut etanol 59,58 %, kadar sari larut air 47,78 %, dan   kadar Trigonellin 9,72 %.   Kata kunci : Ekstrak etanol Biji Klabet,Trigonellin, Trigonella foenum-graecum L ,ASI

  2. Posición de los araucanos en un contexto asiático-europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis, María Antonia

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Según el modelo clásico de poblamiento americano, los amerindios poseen un ancestro básico de tipo mongoloide, con diferenciaciones secundarias originadas por procesos microevolutivos locales. Toda comparación basada en distancias o en componentes funcionales, debería sostener entonces, la hipótesis: "las distribuciones amerindias se aproximan en mayor grado a las de las poblaciones asiáticas y en menor grado a las de las poblaciones europeas". Por componer los araucanos una población típicamente amerindia, debe esperarse que presenten mayor similitud morfológica con grupos asiáticos mongolizados y secundariamente, afinidades con grupos de extracción no mongoloide, dadas estas últimas por procesos evolutivos de adaptación convergente o mestizaje. El objeto del presente trabajo es corroborar el rechazo de dicha hipótesis (Pucciarelli et al.,1999, a través de un conjunto de nuevas comparaciones. Se procedió a medir 17 cráneos araucanos masculinos mediante 46 variables de las propuestas por Howells (1973 y compararlos con muestras de europeos (norse, zalavar, berg, asiáticos (chinos, japoneses, ainu, buriat, coreanos, filipinos y esquimales, cuyos datos fueron extraídos de los archivos proporcionados por Howells (1996. La estadística realizada consistió en análisis canónico, análisis discriminante, y "clusters" jerárquicos, mediante el programa Systat 7.0. Se halló que: (ala elipse de distribución de los araucanos fue casi equidistante respecto de norse y sudjaponeses, siendo la distancia entre éstos menor que la de cada uno de ellos respecto de araucanos; (ben el primer "cluster" con europeos, filipinos, sudjaponeses y ainu, los araucanos se separaron en un "subcluster" aislado y a la mayor distancia, le siguieron los ainu en un segundo "subcluster", mientras que los filipinos ocuparon un tercero, junto con europeos y japoneses; (cen el segundo "cluster", los araucanos se agruparon en forma intermedia entre chinos

  3. Ab-initio modeling of a-Si and a-Si:H

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Ricardo M.; Vasilevskiy, Mikhail I.; Barros, Andre [Centro de Fisica, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal); Torres, Vitor J B. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Aveiro and I3N, Campus Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Briddon, Patrick R. [School of Natural Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU (United Kingdom)

    2010-05-15

    The simulation of a-Si is complicated because there is no direct experimental data, as there are for crystals. Our approach to simulate a-Si is to build several relatively small amorphous samples and, later, the properties we wish to calculate are averaged over all samples. We applied the Wooten, Winer and Weaire bond switch to 64 atom cubic supercell of crystalline silicon. This mechanism was used to create 15 samples of continuous random network of silicon. For each supercell, the volume and atomic relaxation were allowed in order to minimize the total energy, using a density functional-pseudopotential code. The radial and angular distributions, the electronic and vibrational density of states, and the Raman spectra were calculated. The radial distribution agrees very well with experimental data. The angular distribution has its maximum at 109.4 degree. The experimental positions and relative intensities of the Transverse Optical (TO) and Transverse Acoustic vibrational modes are well reproduced, with 14 and 25 cm{sup -1} peak deviations, respectively. The shape of the calculated Raman spectra agrees well with experimental data, being the intense TO peak shifted by 50 cm{sup -1}. The TO width at half-weight is very well reproduced. Introducing hydrogen in the a-Si samples, decorating all the undercoordinated Si atoms and at bond centres of floating bonds, the hydrogen vibrational frequencies of the relaxed structures agree very well with experimental data. (copyright 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  4. Critical transient in the Barab\\'asi model of human dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Gabrielli, A; Caldarelli, Guido; Gabrielli, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    We introduce an exact probabilistic description for L=2 of the Barab\\'asi model for the dynamics of a list of L tasks. This permits to study the problem out of stationarity, and to solve explicitly the extremal limit case where a critical behavior for the waiting time distribution is observed. This behavior deviates at any finite time from that of the stationary state. We study also the characteristic relaxation time for finite time deviations from stationarity in all cases showing that it diverges in the extremal limit confirming that this deviations are important at all time.

  5. Browsing the sky through the ASI Science Data Centre Data Explorer Tool

    CERN Document Server

    D'Elia, V; Verrecchia, F; Gendre, B; Giommi, P

    2010-01-01

    We present here the Data Explorer tool developed at the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC). This tool is designed to provide an efficient and user-friendly way to display information residing in several catalogs stored in the ASDC servers, to cross-correlate this information and to download/analyze data via our scientific tools and/or external services. Our database includes GRB catalogs (such as Swift and Beppo-SAX), which can be queried through the Data Explorer. The GRB fields can be viewed in multiwavelength and the data can be analyzed or retrieved.

  6. De la réappropriation de la psychologie en Asie du Sud-Est

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didier Bertrand

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available De la ou des psychologies Dans nombre de pays d’Asie du Sud-Est, la psychologie a été récemment introduite dans l’enseignement universitaire, les recherches sont rares et la pratique de la psychologie dans ses diverses applications encore balbutiante, voire inexistante. Lexique et concepts de la psychologie sont totalement importés dans les langues asiatiques, ils supposent un long et délicat travail de traduction qui ne s’opère que dans un sens seulement comme importation de nouveaux champs ...

  7. El impacto de la crisis asiática en el Cono Sur latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    La crisis del sudeste asiático y la recesión en Japón parecieran tener un efecto directo relativamente acotado en los flujos de comercio agregados del Cono Sur, sin embargo parece ser significativo el impacto de la turbulencia en los mercados de capitales. Chile y Brasil confrontan esta situación con déficits de balanza de cuenta corriente difíciles de sostener, sin recurrir a políticas de cambio más activas, con tasas de devaluación más aceleradas, acompañadas con políticas fiscales y moneta...

  8. Comparison between ASI, CNES and JAXA CCD analysis software for optical space debris monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paolillo, Fabrizio; Laas-Bourez, Myrtille; Yanagisawa, Toshifumi; Cappelletti, Chantal; Graziani, Filippo; Vidal, Bruno

    Since nineties Italian Space Agency (ASI), Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales CNES and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) play an important role in Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) activities. Respectively the Group of Astrodynamics of Uni-versity Sapienza of Rome (GAUSS), TAROT team (Télescope a Action Rapide pour les Objets Transitoires) and Institute of Aerospace Technology (IAT), participate in optical space debris monitoring activities (WG1 at IADC ) with the following facilities: 1. SpaDE observatory of ASI/GAUSS in Collepardo (Fr.), country-regionplaceItaly. 2. TAROT observatories of CNES: one in Chili (ESO LA Silla) and one in placecountry-regionFrance (Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, at Calern). 3. Nyukasayama Observatory of IAT/JAXA, country-regionplaceJapan. Due to the large amount of data collected during the IADC coordinated observation campaigns and the autonomous campaigns, these research groups developed three different software for image processing automation and for the correlation of the detected objects with the catalogue. Using these software the three different observatories are improving the knowledge of the space debris population, in particular in the so-called geostationary belt (AI23.4 IADC International 2007 optical observation campaigns in higher Earth orbits and AI23.2 Investigation of high A/m ratio debris in higher Earth orbits), but they use different space debris monitoring techniques. With the aim to improve CCD analysis capabilities of each research group, during the 27th IADC meeting ASI, CNES and JAXA started a cooperation in this field on the comparison between the image processing software. The objectives of this activity are: 1. Test of ASI, CNES and JAXA CCD analysis software on real images taken in the 3 dif-ferent observation strategies (each observatory uses a particular objects extraction pro-cedure). 2. Results comparison: number of bad detection, number of good detection, processing

  9. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piermattei, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Cilla, S. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); U.O. di Fisica Sanitaria, Fondazione per la Ricerca e Cura ‘Giovanni Paolo II’, 86100 Campobasso (Italy); Azario, L.; Greco, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Russo, M. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); U.O. di Fisica Sanitaria, Ospedale Belcolle, 01100 Viterbo (Italy); Grusio, M. [Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Orlandini, L. [U.O. di Fisica Medica, Centro Oncologico Fiorentino, 50121 Firenze (Italy); Fidanzio, A., E-mail: andrea.fidanzio@rm.unicatt.it [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy)

    2015-10-01

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and P{sub γ<1}≥90% of the checked points for the 2D portal image γ-analysis. This work is the result of a project supported by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC)

  10. Los Alamos flux comperssion systems, ASI focus area I program plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goforth, James H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Heger, Sharif [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-12-14

    This document is a final summary of an original plan submitted as LA-UR 10-06693. There are minor revisions, some new items have been completed, and there is a statement of some funding shortfalls. Program plan focuses on using Ranchero Technology for the ASI 43 cm Ranchero generators are being fabricated to provide a small scale load and diagnostics test capability at Los Alamos - LLNL loads and Los Alamos multi-shell loads. 43 cm Ranchero tests continue as long as they are useful. 1 or 1.4 m Ranchero tests follow in the out years - Multi-shell loads have identified needs for full length generators and one 1.4 m generator is on hand. Both LLNL and Los Alamos loads will require larger current capability, and Ranchero will be scaled up in diameter when full scale current is defined. Increased scale tests expected in FY-12. The bulk of the Los Alamos Effort will be directed toward two thrusts: (1) Perform tests for LLNL load development and (2) explore multi-shell loads. ASC program assesses development against ASI results then provides new designs.

  11. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piermattei, A.; Cilla, S.; Azario, L.; Greco, F.; Russo, M.; Grusio, M.; Orlandini, L.; Fidanzio, A.

    2015-10-01

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and PγFisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC).

  12. Testing of the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) and Its Electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Robin

    2015-01-01

    Reliable operation of the spark ignition system electronics in the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) is imperative in assuring ASI ignition and subsequent Main Combustion Chamber (MCC) ignition events are reliable in the J-2X Engine. Similar to the man-rated J-2 and RS-25 engines, the J-2X ignition system electronics are equipped with spark monitor outputs intended to indicate that the spark igniters are properly energized and sparking. To better understand anomalous spark monitor data collected on the J-2X development engines at NASA Stennis Space Center (SSC), a comprehensive subsystem study of the engine's low- and high-tension spark ignition system electronics was conducted at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Spark monitor output data were compared to more detailed spark diagnostics to determine if the spark monitor was an accurate indication of actual sparking events. In addition, ignition system electronics data were closely scrutinized for any indication of an electrical discharge in some location other than the firing tip of the spark igniter - a problem not uncommon in the development of high voltage ignition systems.

  13. AMORPHOUS HYDROGENATED ALLOYS : A COMPARATIVE EXAFS STUDY OF a-Si1-xCx : H, a-Si1- xGex : H, a-SiNx : H AT THE SILICON K-EDGE

    OpenAIRE

    1986-01-01

    a-Si1-xCx : H, a-Si1-xGex : H, a-SiNx : H alloys have been studied at the Si K-edge. Si-Si and Si-A (A being C, N, Ge) bond lengths have been determined as a function of composition. The Si-C distance was found to vary significantly, while the Si-Ge and Si-N distances remain almost constant. A high frequency signal has been detected in the a-Si1-xCx : H and a-SiNx : H films at large x due to a second shell contribution. The compositions of the first coordination shell are also reported and di...

  14. Posición de los araucanos en un contexto asiático-europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pucciarelli, Héctor Mario

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se acepta que el denominado substrato amerindio -que incluye a la mayoría de las poblaciones americanas actuales e históricas- incursionó en dirección norte-sur, desde el noreste asiático, pasando por el estrecho de Bering y el rosario de las Aleutianas. Según este modelo, las poblaciones amerindias poseen un ancestro básico de tipo mongoloide, con diferenciaciones secundarias originadas por procesos microevolutivos locales. Toda comparación basada en distancias o en componentes funcionales, debería entonces sostener la hipótesis: "las distribuciones amerindias se deben aproximar en mayor grado a las de las poblaciones asiáticas y en menor grado a las de las poblaciones europeas". Por componer los araucanos una distribución tipicamente amerindia, debe esperarse entonces que presenten mayor similitud morfológica con grupos asiáticos mongolizados y secundariamente, afinidades con grupos de extracción no mongoloide, dadas estas últimas por procesos evolutivos de adaptación o mestizaje. El objeto del presente trabajo es determinar si a nivel craneofacial se cumple el modelo propuesto a través de la metodología craneofuncional. Se procedió a medir los componentes funcionales anteroneural, mesoneural, posteroneural, ótico, óptico, respiratorio, masticatorio y alveolar en 48 cráneos provenientes de muestras japonesa, francesa y araucana. Se observó que: (alas elipses de distribución producidas por el análisis canónico ubicaron a los araucanos en una posición casi equidistante entre japoneses y europeos; (blos componentes funcionales discriminados por el análisis univariado fueron tres para la comparación europeo-japonesa (óptico, masticatorio y alveolar, los mismos tres para la comparación araucano-japonesa (pero con sentido inverso y sólo el efecto tamaño del componente facial para la comparación araucano-europea. Con estos resultados se rechaza la hipótesis planteada y se sugiere que, además de los factores

  15. Addictive severity in cocaine addicts measured with the EuropASI: differences between composite scores and severity ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Hervás, Emilio; Secades-Villa, Roberto; José Santonja Gómez, Francisco; Zacarés Romaguera, Francisco; García-Rodríguez, Olaya

    2009-01-01

    In this study we present the addiction severity profile in a sample of 202 cocaine addicts, using the composite scores for each area of the EuropASI (European version of the ASI), which are compared with the severity ratings obtained through interviewers' subjective assessments. The results showed that the areas of the EuropASI which reflected the greatest severity according to the composite scores were, in the following order: employment/support, family/social situation, use of alcohol and psychiatric state. The results obtained with the composite scores show discrepancies with those obtained from the severity rating. Statistically significant differences were found in the areas of alcohol (Z = -6.205; p composite scores, since severity ratings depend totally on the interviewer's judgement, and do not appear to constitute a sound measure for estimating therapeutic change.

  16. Le narcotrafic en Asie centrale : enjeux géopolitiques et répercussions sociales

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    International audience; Le narcotrafic, déjà favorisé par la géopolitique régionale, a pris une dimension nouvelle avec l'ouverture des frontières et le passage à l'économie de marché des sociétés post-soviétiques. Depuis 1991, le trafic, empruntant les routes méridionales, s'est rapidement réorienté vers l'Asie centrale en direction de la Russie et de l'Europe. Jusqu'à la fin des années 1990, le rôle de la région dans le narcotrafic mondial était celui d'un espace de flux. Depuis, cette situ...

  17. Effect of film quality improvement on a-Si solar cell performance by horizontal plasma furnace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashima, Y.; Nonomura, S.; Fukumoto, K.; Okamoto, H.; Hamakawa, Y.

    Plasma decomposition mechanism has been investigated by emission spectroscopy, and its spatial distribution with the cross field mode glow discharge of SiH4 has also been investigated. On the basis of these experimental studies, a separated three-chamber system of horizontal plasma mode furnace has been developed. This system has been used to prepare a-Si solar cells, and these have been compared with those prepared by using a single-chamber system from several points of view. Through an analysis of photovoltaic performance, a clear improvement has been verified in the cells prepared using the separated system. It is believed that the difference between these two systems was caused by the influence of cross-contamination. In the course of this investigation, a-SiC/a-Si/microcrystalline Si heterojunction solar cells having more than 9-percent conversion efficiency have been developed.

  18. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: Constraining the symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russotto P.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. In the ASY-EOS experiment at the GSI laboratory, flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for 197Au+197Au, 96Zr+96Zr and 96Ru+96Ru collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon with the Large Area Neutron Detector LAND as part of a setup with several additional detection systems used for the event characterization. Flow results obtained for the Au+Au system, in comparison with predictions of the UrQMD transport model, confirm the moderately soft to linear density dependence of the symmetry energy deduced from the earlier FOPI-LAND data.

  19. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: investigating symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russotto P.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy-ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. The results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model simulations favoured a moderately soft symmetry term, but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. These results have been confirmed by an independent analysis based on the Tübingen QMD simulations. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration. The present status of the data analysis is reported

  20. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: investigating symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russotto, P.; Chartier, M.; Cozma, M. D.; De Filippo, E.; Le Fèvre, A.; Gannon, S.; Gašparić, I.; Kiš, M.; Kupny, S.; Leifels, Y.; Lemmon, R. C.; Li, Q.; Łukasik, J.; Marini, P.; Pawłowski, P.; Santoro, S.; Trautmann, W.; Veselsky, M.; Acosta, L.; Adamczyk, M.; Al-Ajlan, A.; Al-Garawi, M.; Al-Homaidhi, S.; Amorini, F.; Auditore, L.; Aumann, T.; Ayyad, Y.; Baran, V.; Basrak, Z.; Bassini, R.; Benlliure, J.; Boiano, C.; Boisjoli, M.; Boretzky, K.; Brzychczyk, J.; Budzanowski, A.; Cardella, G.; Cammarata, P.; Chajecki, Z.; Chbihi, A.; Colonna, M.; Czech, B.; Di Toro, M.; Famiano, M.; Greco, V.; Grassi, L.; Guazzoni, C.; Guazzoni, P.; Heil, M.; Heilborn, L.; Introzzi, R.; Isobe, T.; Kezzar, K.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Kurz, N.; La Guidara, E.; Lanzalone, G.; Lasko, P.; Lombardo, I.; Lynch, W. G.; Matthews, Z.; May, L.; Minniti, T.; Mostazo, M.; Pagano, A.; Papa, M.; Pirrone, S.; Pleskac, R.; Politi, G.; Porto, F.; Reifarth, R.; Reisdorf, W.; Riccio, F.; Rizzo, F.; Rosato, E.; Rossi, D.; Simon, H.; Skwirczynska, I.; Sosin, Z.; Stuhl, L.; Trifirò, A.; Trimarchi, M.; Tsang, M. B.; Verde, G.; Vigilante, M.; Wieloch, A.; Wigg, P.; Wolter, H. H.; Wu, P.; Yennello, S.; Zambon, P.; Zetta, L.; Zoric, M.

    2014-03-01

    The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy-ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. The results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model simulations favoured a moderately soft symmetry term, but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. These results have been confirmed by an independent analysis based on the Tübingen QMD simulations. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration. The present status of the data analysis is reported

  1. The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schofield, J.T.; Barnes, J.R.; Crisp, D.

    1997-01-01

    The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment measured the vertical density, pressure, and temperature structure of the martian atmosphere from the surface to 160 km, and monitored surface meteorology and climate for 83 sols (1 sol = 1 martian day = 24...... nighttime upper atmosphere; atmospheric temperatures that are 10 to 12 degrees kelvin warmer near the surface; light slope-controlled winds; and dust devils, identified by their pressure, wind, and temperature signatures. The results are consistent with the warm, moderately dusty atmosphere seen by VL-1........7 hours). The atmospheric structure and the weather record are similar to those observed by the Viking 1 lander (VL-1) at the same latitude, altitude, and season 21 years ago, but there are differences related to diurnal effects and the surface properties of the landing site. These include a cold...

  2. Boron Concentration Measurements at the I/P Interface in Nip a-Si Solar Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aken, Van; Duchamp, Martial; Boothroyd, Chris

    2011-01-01

    The p-type Si layer in n-i-p a-Si and μc-Si solar cells on foil has several important requirements with respect to conductivity and optical transmission. We control the optical band gap and activation energy of p-a-SiC by varying the B2H6 and CH4 flows in the process chamber. Modelling shows...... that the optimum efficiency in n-i-p solar cells is obtained when the p-a-SiC band gap is just above the band gap of the absorber layer. We have assessed the potential of core-loss electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) for detecting B and C and of low-loss EELS, in a spatially resolved manner, as probe of local...

  3. The Very High Energy source catalog at the ASI Science Data Center

    CERN Document Server

    Carosi, Alessandro; Antonelli, Lucio Angelo; Giommi, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    The increasing number of Very High Energy (VHE) sources discovered by the current generation of Cherenkov telescopes made particularly relevant the creation of a dedicated source catalogs as well as the cross-correlation of VHE and lower energy bands data in a multi-wavelength framework. The "TeGeV Catalog" hosted at the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC) is a catalog of VHE sources detected by ground-based Cherenkov detectors. The TeGeVcat collects all the relevant information publicly available about the observed GeV/TeV sources. The catalog contains also information about public light curves while the available spectral data are included in the ASDC SED Builder tool directly accessible from the TeGeV catalog web page. In this contribution we will report a comprehensive description of the catalog and the related tools.

  4. PERTUMBUHAN BAYI DAN PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF OLEH IBU PENERIMA KONSELING MENYUSUI DAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN TORBANGUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetty Herta Doloksaribu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe aim of the study was to analyze the effects of torbangun flour-based functional supplementary food for breastfeeding mothers who received breastfeeding counseling on infant’s growth and exclusive breastfeeding practice The subjects were 20 pregnant women in their third trimester and were monitored until delivery and were given supplementary food for 30 days. Single blind randomized controlled trial was used to group subjects into intervention group (n=10 that was given supplementary food containing torbangun flour, and control group (n=10 with no torbangun flour. All subjects were given breastfeeding counseling two times before delivery and three times during supplementary food was given. The study showed that breastfeeding counseling significantly increased the knowledge and attitude of respondents on exclusive breastfeeding. In the intervention group, the average score of knowledge increased from 59.1±22.4 to 94.1±6.9 (p<0.05, while the attitude increased from 65.8±11.4 to 94.1±8.8 (p<0.05. In control group, the average score of knowledge increased from 75.0±11.8 to 94.4±7.2 (p<0.05, while the attitude increased from 75.0±14.4 to 94.4±11.0 (p<0.05. Supplementary food containing torbangun flour significantly caused shorter time in regaining infant’s birth weight. The average time was 5.1±1.4 days for intervention group, while the control group was 7.0±2.4 days (p<0.05. The success rate of exclusive breastfeeding practice in the intervention group was 90%, while in the control group was 80%.Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, supplementary food, torbangunABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis pengaruh pemberian makanan tambahan fungsional berbasis tepung torbangun pada ibu yang mendapat konseling menyusui terhadap pertumbuhan bayi dan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Subjek penelitian adalah 20 orang ibu hamil pada trimester ketiga yang diikuti hingga melahirkan dan diberikan makanan tambahan selama 30 hari. Desain single

  5. The very high energy source catalog at the ASI Science Data Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carosi, Alessandro; Lucarelli, Fabrizio; Antonelli, Lucio A.; Giommi, Paolo

    2016-07-01

    The increasing number of Very High Energy (VHE) sources discovered by the current generation of Cherenkov telescopes made particularly relevant the creation of a dedicated source catalogs as well as the cross-correlation of VHE and lower energy bands data in a multi-wavelength framework. The "TeGeV Catalog" hosted at the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC) is a catalog of VHE sources detected by ground-based Cherenkov detectors. The TeGeVcat collects all the relevant information publicly available about the observed GeV/TeV sources. The catalog contains also information about public light curves while the available spectral data are included in the ASDC SED Builder tool directly accessible from the TeGeV catalogue web page. In this contribution we will report a comprehensive description of the catalog and the related tools.

  6. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: investigating the symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    CERN Document Server

    Russotto, P; De Filippo, E; Févre, A Le; Gannon, S; Gašparić, I; Kiš, M; Kupny, S; Leifels, Y; Lemmon, R C; Łukasik, J; Marini, P; Pagano, A; Pawłowski, P; Santoro, S; Trautmann, W; Veselsky, M; Acosta, L; Adamczyk, M; Al-Ajlan, A; Al-Garawi, M; Al-Homaidhi, S; Amorini, F; Auditore, L; Aumann, T; Ayyad, Y; Baran, V; Basrak, Z; Benlliure, J; Boiano, C; Boisjoli, M; Boretzky, K; Brzychczyk, J; Budzanowski, A; Cardella, G; Cammarata, P; Chajecki, Z; Chbihi, A; Colonna, M; Cozma, D; Czech, B; Di Toro, M; Famiano, M; Geraci, E; Greco, V; Grassi, L; Guazzoni, C; Guazzoni, P; Heil, M; Heilborn, L; Introzzi, R; Isobe, T; Kezzar, K; Krasznahorkay, A; Kurz, N; La Guidara, E; Lanzalone, G; Lasko, P; Li, Q; Lombardo, I; Lynch, W G; Matthews, Z; May, L; Minniti, T; Mostazo, M; Papa, M; Pirrone, S; Politi, G; Porto, F; Reifarth, R; Reisdorf, W; Riccio, F; Rizzo, F; Rosato, E; Rossi, D; Simon, H; Skwirczynska, I; Sosin, Z; Stuhl, L; Trifiró, A; Trimarchi, M; Tsang, M B; Verde, G; Vigilante, M; Wieloch, A; Wigg, P; Wolter, H H; Wu, P; Yennello, S; Zambon, P; Zetta, L; Zoric, M

    2012-01-01

    The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons in reactions of neutron rich heavy-ions systems at intermediate energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term in the nuclear Equation Of State (EOS) at supra-saturation densities. The recent results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for $^{197}$Au+$^{197}$Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model allowed a first estimate of the symmetry term of the EOS but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration in May 2011.

  7. GenASiS Basics: Object-oriented utilitarian functionality for large-scale physics simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y

    2015-01-01

    Aside from numerical algorithms and problem setup, large-scale physics simulations on distributed-memory supercomputers require more basic utilitarian functionality, such as physical units and constants; display to the screen or standard output device; message passing; I/O to disk; and runtime parameter management and usage statistics. Here we describe and make available Fortran 2003 classes furnishing extensible object-oriented implementations of this sort of rudimentary functionality, along with individual `unit test' programs and larger example problems demonstrating their use. These classes compose the Basics division of our developing astrophysics simulation code GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System), but their fundamental nature makes them useful for physics simulations in many fields.

  8. Introduction au dossier « L’Asie centrale »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Cariou

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Avec les bouleversements géopolitiques qui affectent le continent asiatique depuis deux décennies l’Asie centrale n’est plus tout à fait cet espace géographique incertain écarté de la communauté internationale, voire même oublié des atlas dont les cartes étaient généralement centrées sur les territoires voisins plus lisibles et médiatiques du Moyen-Orient, de l’Inde, de la Chine ou de la Russie. Constituée par les cinq ex-républiques socialistes soviétiques du Kazakhstan, du Kirghizstan, de l...

  9. Assessment of the quality of as-is building information models generated from point clouds using deviation analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anil, Engin Burak; Tang, Pingbo; Akinci, Burcu; Huber, Daniel

    2011-03-01

    Three dimensional (3D) imaging sensors, such as laser scanners, are being used to create building information models (BIMs) of the as-is conditions of buildings and other facilities. Quality assurance (QA) needs to be conducted to ensure that the models accurately depict the as-is conditions. We propose a new approach for QA that analyzes patterns in the raw 3D data and compares the 3D data with the as-is BIM geometry to identify potential errors in the model. This "deviation analysis" approach to QA enables users to analyze the regions with significant differences between the 3D data and the reconstructed model or between the 3D data of individual laser scans. This method can help identify the sources of errors and does not require additional physical access to the facility. To show the approach's potential effectiveness, we conducted case studies of several professionally conducted as-is BIM projects. We compared the deviation analysis method to an alternative method - the physical measurement approach - in terms of errors detected and coverage. We also conducted a survey and evaluation of commercial software with relevant capabilities and identified technology gaps that need to be addressed to fully exploit the deviation analysis approach.

  10. Enhanced Crystal Quality of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y for Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Zederbauer

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This work provides a detailed study on the growth of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y lattice-matched to InAs by Molecular Beam Epitaxy. In order to find the conditions which lead to high crystal quality deep within the miscibility gap, AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y with x = 0.462 was grown at different growth temperatures as well as As2 and Sb2 beam equivalent pressures. The crystal quality of the grown layers was examined by high-resolution X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. It was found that the incorporation of Sb into Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y is strongly temperature-dependent and reduced growth temperatures are necessary in order to achieve significant Sb mole fractions in the grown layers. At 480 ∘ C lattice matching to InAs could not be achieved. At 410 ∘ C lattice matching was possible and high quality films of Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y were obtained.

  11. Kuidas meeldib välismaalastele Eestis [õppida]? / Shazia Javed, Charina de Asis, Adam Luke Vern-Barnett, Predrag Tasevski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid välisüliõpilased: rahvusvahelisi suhteid õppiv Charina de Asis Filipiinidelt, magistriõppes rahvusvahelist õigust õppiv Adam Luke Vern-Barnett Austraaliast, küberkaitset õppiv Predrag Tasevski Makedooniast ja tarkvara arendust õppiv Shazia Javed Pakistanist

  12. Charactrization of a Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si photovoltaic system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamid Vishkasougheh, Mehdi; Tunaboylu, Bahadir

    2014-11-01

    The number of photovoltaic (PV) system installations is increasing rapidly. As more people learn about this versatile and often cost-effective power option, this trend will accelerate. This document presents a recommended design for a battery based stand-alone photovoltaic system (BSPV). BSPV system has the ability to be applied in different areas, including warning signals, lighting, refrigeration, communication, residential water pumping, remote sensing, and cathodic protection. The presented calculation method gives a proper idea for a system sizing technique. Based on application load, different scenarios are possible for designing a BSPV system. In this study, a battery based stand-alone system was designed. The electricity generation part is three a-Si panels, which are connected in parallel, and for the storage part LFP (lithium iron phosphate) battery was used. The high power LFP battery packs are 40 cells each 8S5P (configured 8 series 5 parallel). Each individual pack weighs 0.5 kg and is 25.6 V. In order to evaluate the efficiency of a-Si panels with respect to the temperature and the solar irradiation, cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Adana in Turkey were selected. Temperature and solar irradiation were gathered from reliable sources and by using translation equations, current and voltage output of panels were calculated. As a result of these calculations, current and energy outputs were computed by considering an average efficient solar irradiation time value per day in Turkey. The calculated power values were inserted to a battery cycler system, and the behavior of high power LFP batteries in a time sequence of 7.2 h was evaluated. The charging and discharging cycles were obtained and their behavior was discussed. According to the results, Istanbul has the lowest number of peak month's energy, it followed by Ankara, and ultimately Adana has the highest number of peak months and energy storage. It was observed during the tests that values up to 4 A was

  13. real en Corea y Malasia: la respuesta a la crisis asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainal-Abidin Mahani

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina los ajustes en la macroeconomía real de Corea y Malasia al ser golpeados por la crisis asiática, sus respectivas respuestas de política y los efectos resultantes. En ambos países los efectos negativos de la crisis fueron de magnitudes similares, en tanto sus respuestas fueron distintas. Corea buscó una asistencia directa del FMI, lo que la obligó, inicialmente, a cumplir con el programa de ajuste estructural de éste, mientras que Malasia pudo mantener políticas independientes durante el proceso de la solución de la crisis. Asimismo, Corea y Malasia adoptaron medidas totalmente opuestas en cuanto a la apertura del mercado de capitales en reacción a la crisis. Por ejemplo, Corea liberalizó drásticamente su cuenta de capitales (aunque mantuvo ciertas restricciones a la salida de capital de sus residentes, mediante un régimen cambiario de flotación (aunque con una acumulación notable de reservas internacionales vía intervención cambiaria, mientras que Malasia implementó controles de capitales más estrictos con el regreso a un régimen de tipo de cambio fijo. Pese a los diferentes enfoques de política respecto de la cuenta de capitales y al tipo de cambio, los dos países adoptaron prontamente, en 1998, un cambio sustancial hacia una política macroeconómica (fiscal y monetaria expansiva, lo que logró una recuperación de ambas economías notablemente más rápida que la de otras del Este Asiático. El papel positivo de las políticas macroeconómicas anticíclicas pos-crisis plantea la pregunta de si el endurecimiento inicial de las políticas fiscales y monetarias fue mantenido por demasiados meses y si éste, en consecuencia, profundizó la crisis tanto en Corea como en Malasia.

  14. High efficiency thin film CdTe and a-Si based solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G.

    2000-01-04

    This report describes work done by the University of Toledo during the first year of this subcontract. During this time, the CdTe group constructed a second dual magnetron sputter deposition facility; optimized reactive sputtering for ZnTe:N films to achieve 10 ohm-cm resistivity and {approximately}9% efficiency cells with a copper-free ZnTe:N/Ni contact; identified Cu-related photoluminescence features and studied their correlation with cell performance including their dependence on temperature and E-fields; studied band-tail absorption in CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1{minus}x} films at 10 K and 300 K; collaborated with the National CdTe PV Team on (1) studies of high-resistivity tin oxide (HRT) layers from ITN Energy Systems, (2) fabrication of cells on the HRT layers with 0, 300, and 800-nm CdS, and (3) preparation of ZnTe:N-based contacts on First Solar materials for stress testing; and collaborated with Brooklyn College for ellipsometry studies of CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1{minus}x} alloy films, and with the University of Buffalo/Brookhaven NSLS for synchrotron X-ray fluorescence studies of interdiffusion in CdS/CdTe bilayers. The a-Si group established a baseline for fabricating a-Si-based solar cells with single, tandem, and triple-junction structures; fabricated a-Si/a-SiGe/a-SiGe triple-junction solar cells with an initial efficiency of 9.7% during the second quarter, and 10.6% during the fourth quarter (after 1166 hours of light-soaking under 1-sun light intensity at 50 C, the 10.6% solar cells stabilized at about 9%); fabricated wide-bandgap a-Si top cells, the highest Voc achieved for the single-junction top cell was 1.02 V, and top cells with high FF (up to 74%) were fabricated routinely; fabricated high-quality narrow-bandgap a-SiGe solar cells with 8.3% efficiency; found that bandgap-graded buffer layers improve the performance (Voc and FF) of the narrow-bandgap a-SiGe bottom cells; and found that a small amount of oxygen partial pressure ({approximately}2 {times} 10

  15. Volumetric quantification of lung nodules in CT with iterative reconstruction (ASiR and MBIR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Baiyu [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Barnhart, Huiman [Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Richard, Samuel [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Robins, Marthony [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Colsher, James [Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Samei, Ehsan [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Physics, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: Volume quantifications of lung nodules with multidetector computed tomography (CT) images provide useful information for monitoring nodule developments. The accuracy and precision of the volume quantification, however, can be impacted by imaging and reconstruction parameters. This study aimed to investigate the impact of iterative reconstruction algorithms on the accuracy and precision of volume quantification with dose and slice thickness as additional variables.Methods: Repeated CT images were acquired from an anthropomorphic chest phantom with synthetic nodules (9.5 and 4.8 mm) at six dose levels, and reconstructed with three reconstruction algorithms [filtered backprojection (FBP), adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR), and model based iterative reconstruction (MBIR)] into three slice thicknesses. The nodule volumes were measured with two clinical software (A: Lung VCAR, B: iNtuition), and analyzed for accuracy and precision.Results: Precision was found to be generally comparable between FBP and iterative reconstruction with no statistically significant difference noted for different dose levels, slice thickness, and segmentation software. Accuracy was found to be more variable. For large nodules, the accuracy was significantly different between ASiR and FBP for all slice thicknesses with both software, and significantly different between MBIR and FBP for 0.625 mm slice thickness with Software A and for all slice thicknesses with Software B. For small nodules, the accuracy was more similar between FBP and iterative reconstruction, with the exception of ASIR vs FBP at 1.25 mm with Software A and MBIR vs FBP at 0.625 mm with Software A.Conclusions: The systematic difference between the accuracy of FBP and iterative reconstructions highlights the importance of extending current segmentation software to accommodate the image characteristics of iterative reconstructions. In addition, a calibration process may help reduce the dependency of

  16. Regionalismo multidimensional: uma análise do caso asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Cesar Cunha Leite

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva a realização de uma análise a respeito dos aspectos constituintes do processo de integração regional na Ásia a partir da década de 1960. Entende-se aqui que qualquer integração econômica no mundo atual é um processo lento, gradativo, que se encontra em andamento e que a integração das economias de uma determinada região se mostra como filha da globalização, um fato que gera reflexo nas relações internacionais dos países do continente asiático. The present article aims at conducting an analysis regarding the constituent aspects of the process of regional integration in Asia from the late 1960. This means that any economic integration in today’s world is a slow, gradual, that is underway and that the integration of the economies in a particular region if shows how daughter of globalization, a fact which generates reflection in international relations of the countries of the Asian continent. Seeks to further conceptualize the various types of regionalism, identifying the regionalism in the Asian continent. To this end, use is made of a bibliographical methodology, focused on Asian studies, economics and politics.

  17. Optimization of imprintable nanostructured a-Si solar cells: FDTD study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisker, Christian; Pedersen, Thomas Garm

    2013-03-11

    We present a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) study of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin film solar cell, with nano scale patterns on the substrate surface. The patterns, based on the geometry of anisotropically etched silicon gratings, are optimized with respect to the period and anti-reflection (AR) coating thickness for maximal absorption in the range of the solar spectrum. The structure is shown to increase the cell efficiency by 10.2% compared to a similar flat solar cell with an optimized AR coating thickness. An increased back reflection can be obtained with a 50 nm zinc oxide layer on the back reflector, which gives an additional efficiency increase, leading to a total of 14.9%. In addition, the patterned cells are shown to be up to 3.8% more efficient than an optimized textured reference cell based on the Asahi U-type glass surface. The effects of variations of the optimized solar cell structure due to the manufacturing process are investigated, and shown to be negligible for variations below ±10%.

  18. Accelerating Our Understanding of Supernova Explosion Mechanism via Simulations and Visualizations with GenASiS

    CERN Document Server

    Budiardja, Reuben D; Endeve, Eirik

    2015-01-01

    Core-collapse supernovae are among the most powerful explosions in the Universe, releasing about $10^{53}~\\mbox{erg}$ of energy on timescales of a few tens of seconds. These explosion events are also responsible for the production and dissemination of most of the heavy elements, making life as we know it possible. Yet exactly how they work is still unresolved. One reason for this is the sheer complexity and cost of a self-consistent, multi-physics, and multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulation, which is impractical, and often impossible, even on the largest supercomputers we have available today. To advance our understanding we instead must often use simplified models, teasing out the most important ingredients for successful explosions, while helping us to interpret results from higher fidelity multi-physics models. In this paper we investigate the role of instabilities in the core-collapse supernova environment. We present here simulation and visualization results produced by our code GenASiS.

  19. Accelerating Our Understanding of Supernova Explosion Mechanism via Simulations and Visualizations with GenASiS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budiardja, R. D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Cardall, Christian Y [ORNL; Endeve, Eirik [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    Core-collapse supernovae are among the most powerful explosions in the Universe, releasing about 1053 erg of energy on timescales of a few tens of seconds. These explosion events are also responsible for the production and dissemination of most of the heavy elements, making life as we know it possible. Yet exactly how they work is still unresolved. One reason for this is the sheer complexity and cost of a self-consistent, multi-physics, and multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulation, which is impractical, and often impossible, even on the largest supercomputers we have available today. To advance our understanding we instead must often use simplified models, teasing out the most important ingredients for successful explosions, while helping us to interpret results from higher fidelity multi-physics models. In this paper we investigate the role of instabilities in the core-collapse supernova environment. We present here simulation and visualization results produced by our code GenASiS.

  20. Boron concentration measurements at the I/P interface in nip a-Si solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Aken, B.B.; Soppe, W.J. [ECN Solar Energy, P.O. Box 1, NL-1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Duchamp, M.; Boothroyd, C.B. [Center for Electron Nanoscopy, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Dunin-Borkowski, R.E. [Institute for Microstructure Research, Forschungszentrum Juelich, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Barnes, J.P.; Veillerot, M. [CEA-Leti, MINATEC Campus, 17 rue des Martyrs, FR-38054 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2011-09-15

    The p-type Si layer in n-i-p a-Si and {mu}c-Si solar cells on foil has several important requirements with respect to conductivity and optical transmission. We control the optical band gap and activation energy of p-a-SiC by varying the B2H6 and CH4 flows in the process chamber. Modelling shows that the optimum efficiency in n-i-p solar cells is obtained when the p-a-SiC band gap is just above the band gap of the absorber layer. We have assessed the potential of core-loss electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) for detecting B and C and of low-loss EELS, in a spatially resolved manner, as probe of local variations in bulk plasmon energy. EELS in the transmission electron microscope (TEM) combines the necessary spatial resolution to investigate the boundary between p-a-SiC and i-a-Si with sufficient sensitivity to the boron content.

  1. Use of artificial neural networks for electrical conductivity modeling in Asi River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghorbani, Mohammad Ali; Aalami, Mohammad Taghi; Naghipour, Leila

    2015-10-01

    This study aims to model monthly electrical conductivity (EC) values in the Asi River using artificial neural networks (ANNs) to evaluate water quality conditions using pH, temperature, water discharge, sodium, sum of calcium and magnesium concentrations. The results are compared using multiple linear regression (MLR). Recorded data are available at a gauging site in Antakya, Turkey, for the period from 1984 to 2008. Comparing the modeled values by ANNs with the experimental data indicates that neural network model with seven neurons in hidden layer provides accurate results (R 2 = 0.968, RMSE = 46.927 µS/cm, MAE = 32.462 µS/cm and MRSE = 0.0029 for the training data and R 2 = 0.965, RMSE = 50.810 µS/cm, MAE = 37.495 µS/cm and MRSE = 0.0024 for the testing data). The Garson method of the connection weights of the network was used to study the relative % contribution of each of the input variables. It was found that the sum of calcium and magnesium concentration and temperature had the most effect on the predicted EC. The results indicate that two proposed models were able to approximate the EC parameter reasonably well; however, the ANN was found to perform better than the MLR model.

  2. Determination of Outdoor Furniture on Coastline Recreation Area of Asi River (Antakya District and User Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Bozdoğan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Water surfaces which have significant importance for the acquisition of a city identity are the facts that lead the development of city, allow recreational activities and create visual and psychological effects on urban residents. This study has been conducted on Asi River coastline as it’s an important zone for Antakya city identity, divides new and old settlement areas and provides various recreational activities. The study conducted within 3 stages between April-July 2012. In the first stage of the study, amount and construction materials of existing outdoor furnitures were revealed. The second stage consists of questionnaire including details about user and usage with questions to determine the user satisfaction. According to the findings, the highest level of user satisfaction was found in bridges by all parameters and the lowest satisfaction level was found in sign/information boards by aesthetic and functional features and waste bins by amount. In this scope, the necessity of integration between city history and cultural values was found to be important so as to increase user satisfaction level from outdoor furniture. In addition, it is thought that this study will contribute to create a database for local governments.

  3. Pengaruh Konseling Menyususi terhadap Motivasi dan Sikap Ibu Tentang Pemberian ASI pada Bayi 0-6 bulan di Kecamatan Langsa Baro Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Nutritional status is correlated to the high level of infant illness and death rate. Breastfeeding with exclusive ASI (breast milk) is one of the ways to decrease the level of infant illness and death rate. However, the coverage of breastfeeding with exclusive ASI in Langsa Baro Subdistrict reaches to only 51.2%. One of the causes of low coverage of exclusive ASI is the lack of support from the health care providers to mothers in breastfeeding counseling to babies. The objective of research w...

  4. Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gédéon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais se livre à une analyse précise de la situation en Asie du sud-est au regard de la crise économique qui a secoué cette région du monde en 1997 et de ses conséquences. Soulignant la fragmentation de cet espace politique, caractérisé par sa très grande diversité culturelle et linguistique, l’auteur rappelle qu’il s’est édifié sur l’ancienne ligne de fracture entre monde chinois et puissances européennes, tout d’abord, puis...

  5. Portal Asiático de Información: un servicio transcontinental de intercambio de artículos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha E. Mantilla

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El Portal Asiático de Información de la Universidad de Pittsburgh es un innovador servicio de cooperación entre bibliotecas de Estados Unidos y bibliotecas de la China, Japón, y Corea, que facilita el acceso rápido a artículos publicados en revistas académicas, utilizando tecnología de bajo costo.

  6. Dosimetry in radiotherapy using a-Si EPIDs: Systems, methods, and applications focusing on 3D patient dose estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCurdy, B. M. C.

    2013-06-01

    An overview is provided of the use of amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) for dosimetric purposes in radiation therapy, focusing on 3D patient dose estimation. EPIDs were originally developed to provide on-treatment radiological imaging to assist with patient setup, but there has also been a natural interest in using them as dosimeters since they use the megavoltage therapy beam to form images. The current generation of clinically available EPID technology, amorphous-silicon (a-Si) flat panel imagers, possess many characteristics that make them much better suited to dosimetric applications than earlier EPID technologies. Features such as linearity with dose/dose rate, high spatial resolution, realtime capability, minimal optical glare, and digital operation combine with the convenience of a compact, retractable detector system directly mounted on the linear accelerator to provide a system that is well-suited to dosimetric applications. This review will discuss clinically available a-Si EPID systems, highlighting dosimetric characteristics and remaining limitations. Methods for using EPIDs in dosimetry applications will be discussed. Dosimetric applications using a-Si EPIDs to estimate three-dimensional dose in the patient during treatment will be overviewed. Clinics throughout the world are implementing increasingly complex treatments such as dynamic intensity modulated radiation therapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy, as well as specialized treatment techniques using large doses per fraction and short treatment courses (ie. hypofractionation and stereotactic radiosurgery). These factors drive the continued strong interest in using EPIDs as dosimeters for patient treatment verification.

  7. Valuación de opciones asiáticas versus opciones europeas con tasa de interés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambrosio Ortiz Ramírez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone una metodología para obtener el precio de una opción asiática con subyacente promedio mediante simulación Monte Carlo. Se supone que la tasa de interés es conducida por un proceso de reversión a la media de tipo Vasicek y CIR con parámetros calibrados por máxima verosimilitud. La simulación incluye el remuestreo cuadrático, el cual reduce el uso de recursos computacionales; en particular, el método mejora la generación de la matriz de varianza-covarianza. La metodología propuesta se aplica en la valuación de opciones sobre el precio de AMXL. Los resultados muestran que al comparar los precios de opciones europeas —tanto simulados como con los publicados por MexDer— con sus contrapartes asiáticas, los precios de opciones asiáticas son menores en el caso de opciones de compra y de venta dentro del dinero. P ara opciones de venta, los precios simulados fueron menores en todos los casos. Asimismo se encontró que la diferencia se incrementa conforme el plazo al vencimiento de la opción aumenta.

  8. AS-i Steri tehas alustab tööd juba lähipäevil / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Keskkonnaminister Jaanus Tamkivi andis AS-ile Steri kiirgustegevusloa. Samas otsustas minister edasi kaevata AS Steri omanike kasuks tehtud Tallinna halduskohtu otsuse. Lisa: Steriliseerimine AS-i Steri tehases

  9. Advanced technologies in the ASI MLRO towards a new generation laser ranging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varghese, Thomas; Bianco, Giuseppe

    1994-01-01

    Matera Laser Ranging Observatory (MLRO) is a high performance, highly automated optical and astronomical observatory currently under design and development by AlliedSignal for the Italian Space Agency (ASI). It is projected to become operational at the Centro Geodesia Spaziale in Matera, Italy, in 1997. MLRO, based on a 1.5-meter astronomical quality telescope, will perform ranging to spacecraft in earthbound orbits, lunar reflectors, and specially equipped deep space missions. The primary emphasis during design is to incorporate state-of-the-art technologies to produce an intelligent, automated, high accuracy ranging system that will mimic the characteristic features of a fifth generation laser ranging system. The telescope has multiple ports and foci to support future experiments in the areas of laser communications, lidar, astrometry, etc. The key features providing state-of-the-art ranging performance include: a diode-pumped picosecond (50 ps) laser, high speed (3-5 GHz) optoelectronic detection and signal processing, and a high accuracy (6 ps) high resolution (less than 2 ps) time measurement capability. The above combination of technologies is expected to yield millimeter laser ranging precision and accuracy on targets up to 300,000 km, surpassing the best operational instrument performance to date by a factor of five or more. Distributed processing and control using a state-of-the-art computing environment provides the framework for efficient operation, system optimization, and diagnostics. A computationally intelligent environment permits optimal planning, scheduling, tracking, and data processing. It also supports remote access, monitor, and control for joint experiments with other observatories.

  10. Repertorio bibliogr??fico, an??lisis bibliom??trico y sociocultural de las monograf??as sobre artes marciales asi??ticas publicadas en Espa??a

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    457 p. La presente tesis doctoral tiene como objetivo estudiar las monograf??as de artes marciales asi??ticas publicadas en Espa??a hasta el a??o 2009. Concretamente, en ella se pretende: a) elaborar un repertorio bibliogr??fico anotado sobre las monograf??as de artes marciales asi??ticas publicadas en Espa??a; y b) desarrollar un an??lisis bibliom??trico y sociocultural de estas monograf??as

  11. Hepatotoxicity associated with the ingestion of Centella asiatica Hepatotoxicidad asociada al consumo de Centella asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Jorge

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: hepatotoxicity due to herbal remedies is being increasingly recognized. Centella asiatica (Centella asiatica Linn Urban is commercialized for multiple conditions. Its active principles are pentacyclic triterpenic saponosides (asiaticoside, madecassoside. Clinical case studies: we present three women (61, 52 and 49 years old who developed jaundice after taking Centella asiatica for 30, 20 and 60 days. Respective laboratory tests: ALT: 1193, 1694 and 324 U/L; ALP: 503, 472 and 484 U/L; bilirubin: 4.23, 19.89 and 3.9 mg/dl. The first patient also had ASMA 1/160 and AMA 1/320. Respective pathological diagnoses: granulomatous hepatitis with marked necrosis and apoptosis; chronic hepatitis with cirrhotic transformation and intense necroinflammatory activity, and granulomatous hepatitis. All patients improved with Centella asiatica discontinuation, and ursodeoxycholic acid 10 mg/kg/day. The first patient took Centella asiatica again, with recurrence of the damage. The second one had taken this herb a year before. Conclusions: many plants synthesize hepatotoxic compounds. Germander, Skullcap and Glycyrrhizin contain di- or triterpenic active principles, which can produce hepatic injury by promoting apoptosis and altering cell membranes. We hypothesize that these mechanisms may have resulted in injuries associated with Centella asiatica. The presence of autoantibodies and granulomas also favors an immune-mediated mechanism. Ursodeoxycholic acid has anti-apoptotic properties, but we cannot rule out that Centella asiatica discontinuation alone may have resulted in patient improvement.Introducción: la hepatotoxicidad por hierbas medicinales es reconocida cada vez más frecuentemente. Centella asiática (Centella asiatica Linn Urban es comercializada para múltiples afecciones. Sus principios activos son saponósidos pentacíclicos triterpénicos (asiaticósido, madecasósido. Casos clínicos: presentamos 3 mujeres (61, 52 y 49 años que

  12. PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI ZINC SULFAT DAN BISKUIT TERHADAP KONSENTRASI ZINC RAMBUT BALITA (PROGRAM MP ASI BISKUIT DI KERTOSONO JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indah Budiastutik

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nganjuk was included in 7districts with highest malnutrition in East Java. Prevalence index of weight/age was 4.80%, height/age was 17.40% and weight/height was > 20% (Riskesdas, 2008. In 2009 malnourished under five children was 715. Objective of this research was analyzing the effect of zinc supplement and biscuit MP-ASI for the nutritional status and hair zinc concentration for under five children. Methods: conducted in the working area community health center Kertosono, Nganjuk regency, East Java. Sample of research was children 12-60 months who have Zinc hair concentration < 150 Jig/Kg that was divided into two groups. Total subject was 26 under five children that divided into two groups. One was treatment group who received biscuit MP-ASI and zinc syrup and the other was control group who received biscuit MP-ASI and placebo syrup. Each group was collected by simple random sampling. Results: There were significant differences of body weight in the treatment group and control group before and after research,using paired t-test (p = 0.000. There were significant differences of body height in the treatment group and control group before and after research, using paired t test (p = 0.000. There were significant differences of category hair zinc concentration in the treatment group before and after research with Me Nemar Test (p = 0.031. Conclusion: Supplementation can increase the body weight and body height both of two groups, but nutrition status in the treatment group increased  highly than in the control  group. Hair zinc concentration in the treatment group increased highly than in the control group.   Key words: Malnutrition, zinc sulfate, biscuit Complementary feeding, levels of hair zinc

  13. A Computer Adaptive Testing Version of the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV): The Addiction Severity CAT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Stephen F; Black, Ryan A; McCaffrey, Stacey A; Ainscough, Jessica; Doucette, Ann M

    2017-02-23

    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a computer adaptive testing (CAT) version of the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV), the Addiction Severity CAT. This goal was accomplished in 4 steps. First, new candidate items for Addiction Severity CAT domains were evaluated after brainstorming sessions with experts in substance abuse treatment. Next, this new item bank was psychometrically evaluated on a large nonclinical (n = 4,419) and substance abuse treatment (n = 845) sample. Based on these results, final items were selected and calibrated for the creation of the Addiction Severity CAT algorithms. Once the algorithms were developed for the entire assessment, a fully functioning prototype of an Addiction Severity CAT was created. CAT simulations were conducted, and optimal termination criteria were selected for the Addiction Severity CAT algorithms. Finally, construct validity of the CAT algorithms was evaluated by examining convergent and discriminant validity and sensitivity to change. The Addiction Severity CAT was determined to be valid, sensitive to change, and reliable. Further, the Addiction Severity CAT's time of completion was found to be significantly less than the average time of completion for the ASI-MV composite scores. This study represents the initial validation of an Addiction Severity CAT based on item response theory, and further exploration of the Addiction Severity CAT is needed. (PsycINFO Database Record

  14. Absorption enhancement in thin film a-Si solar cells with double-sided SiO2 particle layers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈乐; 王庆康; 沈向前; 陈文; 黄堃; 刘代明

    2015-01-01

    Light absorption enhancement is very important for improving the power conversion efficiency of a thin film a-Si solar cell. In this paper, a thin-film a-Si solar cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers is designed, and then the underlying mechanism of absorption enhancement is investigated by finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation;finally the feasible experimental scheme for preparing the SiO2 particle layer is discussed. It is found that the top and bottom SiO2 particle layers play an important role in anti-reflection and light trapping, respectively. The light absorption of the cell with double-sided SiO2 layers greatly increases in a wavelength range of 300 nm–800 nm, and the ultimate efficiency increases more than 22%compared with that of the flat device. The cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers reported here can be used in varieties of thin film solar cells to further improve their performances.

  15. Ultra-thin SiN{sub x} in superlattice via nitridation of a-Si in-situ hot wire chemical vapor deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rai, Dharmendra Kumar; Solanki, Chetan Singh; Balasubramaniam, K.R., E-mail: bala.kavaipatti@gmail.com

    2014-08-28

    The fabrication of ultra-thin SiN{sub x} (< 2 nm) is a necessary step in third generation photovoltaics, memory, or light-emitting diode applications. Using the low temperature, cheap, scaleable synthesis technique of hot-wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) for this purpose poses many challenges. Here, an approach of fabricating ultra thin SiN{sub x} of thickness ∼ 1.9 nm in a superlattice (SL) structure via nitridation of a-Si layers in-situ HWCVD at 250 °C is reported. Quantum well SL and quantum dot (QD) SL films are realized, wherein SiN{sub x} layers are formed by nitriding a-Si. Both these films investigated by Raman spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy, reveal the formation of ultra-thin SiN{sub x} in a SL structure with a-Si, accompanied by sharp interfaces. In addition, annealing of the SL structures, results in QDs of crystalline Si in the a-Si layers, maintaining the SiN{sub x} layer as well as the sharp interface between the SiN{sub x} and a-Si layers of the as-deposited SL structure. - Highlights: • Ultra thin SiN{sub x} is fabricated by hot wire chemical vapor deposition. • SiN{sub x} layer of thickness ∼ 1.9 nm is formed via nitridation of a-Si layer at 250 °C. • Ultra thin SiN{sub x} layers are realized in superlattice films of quantum wells and quantum dots.

  16. Viral Effects of a dsRNA Mycovirus (PoV-ASI2792) on the Vegetative Growth of the Edible Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Ha-Yeon; Choi, Hyo-Jin; Jeong, Hansaem; Choi, Dahye

    2016-01-01

    A double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) mycovirus was detected in malformed fruiting bodies of Pleurotus ostreatus strain ASI2792, one of bottle cultivated commercial strains of the edible oyster mushroom. The partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene of the P. ostreatus ASI2792 mycovirus (PoV-ASI2792) was cloned, and a cDNA sequences alignment revealed that the sequence was identical to the RdRp gene of a known PoSV found in the P. ostreatus strain. To investigate the symptoms of PoV-ASI2792 infection by comparing the isogenic virus-free P. ostreatus strains with a virus-infected strain, isogenic virus-cured P. ostreatus strains were obtained by the mycelial fragmentation method for virus curing. The absence of virus was verified with gel electrophoresis after dsRNA-specific virus purification and Northern blot analysis using a partial RdRp cDNA of PoV-ASI2792. The growth rate and mycelial dry weight of virus-infected P. ostreatus strain with PoV-ASI2792 mycovirus were compared to those of three virus-free isogenic strains on 10 different media. The virus-cured strains showed distinctly higher mycelial growth rates and dry weights on all kinds of experimental culture media, with at least a 2.2-fold higher mycelial growth rate on mushroom complete media (MCM) and Hamada media, and a 2.7-fold higher mycelial dry weight on MCM and yeastmalt-glucose agar media than those of the virus-infected strain. These results suggest that the infection of PoV mycovirus has a deleterious effect on the vegetative growth of P. ostreatus.

  17. Hubungan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif dengan Angka Kejadian Diare Akut pada Bayi Usia 0-1 Tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Putri Rahmadhani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPemberian ASI eksklusif merupakan salah satu upaya untuk mencapai tumbuh kembang optimal dan terlindungi dari penyakit seperti diare. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan angka kejadian diare akut pada bayi usia 0-1 tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan secara observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah bayi usia 0-1 tahun yang berkunjung ke posyandu di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Jumlah bayi dengan kelompok usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari sebanyak 69 orang (51,1% dan usia 6-12 bulan sebanyak 66 orang (48,9%. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bayi usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari yang masih mendapat ASI saja sebanyak 41 bayi (30,4% dan yang sudah mendapat campuran lain selain ASI sebanyak 28 bayi (20,7%. Jumlah bayi usia 6-12 bulan dengan ASI eksklusif sebanyak 34 bayi (25,2% dan 32 bayi lainnya (23,7% non ASI eksklusif. Sebanyak 57 bayi (42,2% pernah diare dan 78 bayi lainnya (57,8% tidak pernah. Analisis chi square mendapatkan p=0,001 dan hasil ini signifikan (p<0,5. Pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan harus ditingkatkan karena mempunyai hubungan dengan angka kejadian diare akut.Kata kunci: Bayi, ASI Exclusif, diareAbstractExclusive breastfeeding is an effort to achieve optimal growth and development and can be protected from diarrhea. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of acute diarrhea in infants aged 0-1 years in the Kuranji Public Health Center Padang. This study conducted a cross sectional observational study. The sample was a baby aged 0-1 years who visited posyandu in the Kuranji Public Health Center working area using simple random sampling. The result showed 41 infants (30.4% aged 0-5 months 29 days which is still breastfed only and other than breast milk were 28 infants (20.7%. Number of 6-12 months

  18. HUBUNGAN PEMBERIAN ASI PADA BAYI UMUR KURANG DARI 10 HARI DENGAN GEJALA POSTPARTUM BLUESDI KOTA BENGKULU TAHUN 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Dewi

    2013-03-01

    information, education and communication (IEC on the importance of breast­feeders alone since the first hour of birth to age 6 months in the mother on an ongoing basis from now on antenatal care, delivery, and postpartum by involving her husband and close family Key words: breast-feeders in infants age < 10 days, the symptoms of postpartum blues ABSTRAK Postpartum blues merupakan gangguan mental yang ringan pada ibu postpartum. Metode pemberian makanan bayi dapat berpengaruh secara timbal balik terhadap postpartum blues atau kesehatan mental ibu postpartum, dan gejala ini dapat menyebabkan tidak berhasilnya pemberian Air Susu lbu (ASI secara eksklusif. Hasil Riskesdas tahun 2010 di lndonesia pola menyusui pada bayi < 1 bulan 55,1% masih secara partial, dan di Propinsi Bengkulu tahun 2010 pemberian makanan prelakteaI52,9%. Prevalensi postpartum blues di beberapa negara antara 40-60% sedangkan kejadian postpartum blues di Bengkulu belum dilaporkan. Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk Mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari dengan gejala postpartum blues. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional study Besar sampel berjumlah 97 ibu nifas dengan teknik accidental sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah univariabel, bivariabel, dan multivariabel. Hasil: Analisis univariabel menemukan bahwa pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari hampir sebagian bersifat partial breastfeeding (48,45%, dan hanya sebagian kecil yang full breastfeeding (19,59%, serta hampir sebagian ibu mengalami gejala postpartum blues (29,90%. Analisis bivaribel menunjukan bahwa Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari, paritas, dan dukungan sosial dengan gejala postpartum blues. Tetapi tidak ada hubungan antara jenis persalinan dengan gejala postpartum blues. Hasil analisis regresi logistitk menunjukan hubungan yang bermakna antara pola pemberian makanan dini pada bayi dengan gejala postpartum blues (OR = 4,47; 95% CI: 1

  19. Behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kichou, Sofiane; Silvestre, Santiago; Nofuentes, Gustavo; Torres-Ramírez, Miguel; Chouder, Aissa; Guasch, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    Four years׳ behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic (PV) modules installed in a relatively dry and sunny inland site with a Continental-Mediterranean climate (in the city of Jaén, Spain) are presented in this article. The shared data contributes to clarify how the Light Induced Degradation (LID) impacts the output power generated by the PV array, especially in the first days of exposure under outdoor conditions. Furthermore, a valuable methodology is provided in this data article permitting the assessment of the degradation rate and the stabilization period of the PV modules. Further discussions and interpretations concerning the data shared in this article can be found in the research paper "Characterization of degradation and evaluation of model parameters of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure" (Kichou et al., 2016) [1].

  20. Image-quality performance of an a-Si H-based X-ray imaging system for digital mammography

    CERN Document Server

    Darambara, D G; Speller, R D

    2002-01-01

    We have been investigating the potential of large area active matrix flat-panel a-Si : H imaging arrays for full-field digital X-ray mammography. To optimise the overall performance of such an imaging system under mammographic conditions, four different Gd sub 2 O sub 2 S : Tb phosphor screens (i.e. Lanex Fast-Back, Regular, Fine and MinR-2000) were employed and our full-field detector was integrated with the Feinfocus DIMA (Direct Magnification) PLUS MII mammographic unit. The spatial resolution and the image noise of the digital detector were measured and the X-ray imaging performance of the whole system was also evaluated with two mammographic phantoms. It was deduced from the results of this study that Regular screen offers the best compromise between sensitivity and spatial resolution and exhibits better overall image-quality performance than that of a conventional mammography system.

  1. ¿Influyen los tigres asiáticos en el comportamiento gregario español?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natividad Blasco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo intenta ahondar en el fenómeno imitador (herding durante la crisis asiática de 1997. Para ello se emplea una medida de la intensidad de herding exenta del sesgo presente en otras medidas y se utiliza datos intradiarios. Los resultados que se obtiene dejan entrever que el efecto de la crisis no afectó de manera homogénea la conducta imitadora en todos los activos del mercado, destacando como activos en los que la crisis se nota más y durante más tiempo las acciones que poseen opción durante el periodo analizado. Un análisis adicional por sectores pone de manifiesto que el sector financiero y el energético son los más afectados en su herding ordinario en momentos de crisis.

  2. Angle- and polarization-insensitive, small area, subtractive color filters via a-Si nanopillar arrays (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fountaine, Katherine T.; Ito, Mikinori; Pala, Ragip; Atwater, Harry A.

    2016-09-01

    Spectrally-selective nanophotonic and plasmonic structures enjoy widespread interest for application as color filters in imaging devices, due to their potential advantages over traditional organic dyes and pigments. Organic dyes are straightforward to implement with predictable optical performance at large pixel size, but suffer from inherent optical cross-talk and stability (UV, thermal, humidity) issues and also exhibit increasingly unpredictable performance as pixel size approaches dye molecule size. Nanophotonic and plasmonic color filters are more robust, but often have polarization- and angle-dependent optical response and/or require large-range periodicity. Herein, we report on design and fabrication of polarization- and angle-insensitive CYM color filters based on a-Si nanopillar arrays as small as 1um2, supported by experiment, simulation, and analytic theory. Analytic waveguide and Mie theories explain the color filtering mechanism- efficient coupling into and interband transition-mediated attenuation of waveguide-like modes—and also guided the FDTD simulation-based optimization of nanopillar array dimensions. The designed a-Si nanopillar arrays were fabricated using e-beam lithography and reactive ion etching; and were subsequently optically characterized, revealing the predicted polarization- and angle-insensitive (±40°) subtractive filter responses. Cyan, yellow, and magenta color filters have each been demonstrated. The effects of nanopillar array size and inter-array spacing were investigated both experimentally and theoretically to probe the issues of ever-shrinking pixel sizes and cross-talk, respectively. Results demonstrate that these nanopillar arrays maintain their performance down to 1um2 pixel sizes with no inter-array spacing. These concepts and results along with color-processed images taken with a fabricated color filter array will be presented and discussed.

  3. Energia asi ongi erakorraline asi! / Marek Strandberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strandberg, Marek, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Eestimaa Rohelisi esindavad parlamendiliikmed peavad vajalikuks, et Riigikogu tuleks kokku erakorralisele energeetikaistungile. Autori hinnangul puudub Eestil energeetikaplaan, mis tagaks piisava kliima- ja keskkonnahoiu ning sõltumatuse

  4. Head CT: Image quality improvement of posterior fossa and radiation dose reduction with ASiR - comparative studies of CT head examinations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzinski, Maciej; Waszczuk, Lukasz; Sasiadek, Marek J. [Wroclaw Medical University, Department of General Radiology, Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Wroclaw (Poland)

    2016-10-15

    To evaluate head CT protocol developed to improve visibility of the brainstem and cerebellum, lower bone-related artefacts in the posterior fossa and maintain patient radioprotection. A paired comparison of head CT performed without Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASiR) and a clinically indicated follow-up with 40 % ASiR was acquired in one group of 55 patients. Patients were scanned in the axial mode with different scanner settings for the brain and the posterior fossa. Objective image quality analysis was performed with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Subjective image quality analysis was based on brain structure visibility and evaluation of the artefacts. We achieved 19 % reduction of total DLP and significantly better image quality of posterior fossa structures. SNR for white and grey matter in the cerebellum were 34 % to 36 % higher, respectively, CNR was improved by 142 % and subjective analyses were better for images with ASiR. When imaging parameters are set independently for the brain and the posterior fossa imaging, ASiR has a great potential to improve CT performance: image quality of the brainstem and cerebellum is improved, and radiation dose for the brain as well as total radiation dose are reduced. (orig.)

  5. Characterization of ion-assisted induced absorption in A-Si thin-films used for multivariate optical computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayak, Aditya B.; Price, James M.; Dai, Bin; Perkins, David; Chen, Ding Ding; Jones, Christopher M.

    2015-06-01

    Multivariate optical computing (MOC), an optical sensing technique for analog calculation, allows direct and robust measurement of chemical and physical properties of complex fluid samples in high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) downhole environments. The core of this MOC technology is the integrated computational element (ICE), an optical element with a wavelength-dependent transmission spectrum designed to allow the detector to respond sensitively and specifically to the analytes of interest. A key differentiator of this technology is it uses all of the information present in the broadband optical spectrum to determine the proportion of the analyte present in a complex fluid mixture. The detection methodology is photometric in nature; therefore, this technology does not require a spectrometer to measure and record a spectrum or a computer to perform calculations on the recorded optical spectrum. The integrated computational element is a thin-film optical element with a specific optical response function designed for each analyte. The optical response function is achieved by fabricating alternating layers of high-index (a-Si) and low-index (SiO2) thin films onto a transparent substrate (BK7 glass) using traditional thin-film manufacturing processes (e.g., ion-assisted e-beam vacuum deposition). A proprietary software and process are used to control the thickness and material properties, including the optical constants of the materials during deposition to achieve the desired optical response function. The ion-assisted deposition is useful for controlling the densification of the film, stoichiometry, and material optical constants as well as to achieve high deposition growth rates and moisture-stable films. However, the ion-source can induce undesirable absorption in the film; and subsequently, modify the optical constants of the material during the ramp-up and stabilization period of the e-gun and ion-source, respectively. This paper characterizes the unwanted

  6. Changes of the temperature coefficients of the characteristics which accompany degradation and recovery of a-Si solar cells; A-Si taiyo denchi no hikari (denryu) rekka oyobi kaifuku ni tomonau tokusei ondo keisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanagisawa, T.; Koyanagi, T.; Nakamura, K.; Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T. [electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Pursuant to the measuring of temperature dependency of the characteristics such as conversion efficiency, during the process of degradation in a-Si solar cells due to light and electric current and the process of recovery by annealing, this paper describes changes in temperature coefficients, correlation between the characteristic parameters and the degradation, and the results of the examination of their characteristics. The conversion efficiency {mu} degraded approximately by 45% of the initial value each by the irradiation under a light intensity with 3 SUN accelerated and by the infusion of current at 20mA/cm{sup 2}; and then, the efficiency recovered to 70-75% of the degradation by subsequent annealing. In addition, in the temperature dependency at 80{degree}C against at 20{degree}C, Isc slightly increased while Vcc greatly decreased. This slight increase in Isc was mainly due to the decrease in the width of the forbidden band, while the decrease in Vcc was due to the increase in the reverse saturation current. The temperature dependency of {mu}N was negative, becoming small in accordance with the degradation. The temperature dependency of FF/FFO was negative initially both in light and current, but it decreased with the degradation and turned to positive. The temperature coefficients of I-V parameters reversibly changed corresponding to the degradation and recovery of these parameters and stayed in a good correlation. 7 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Improvement of Varian a-Si EPID dosimetry measurements using a lead-shielded support-arm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowshanfarzad, Pejman; Sabet, Mahsheed; O'Connor, Daryl J; Greer, Peter B

    2012-01-01

    Dosimetry measurements with Varian amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (a-Si EPIDs) are affected by the backscattered radiation from the EPID support arm. In this study, the nonuniform backscatter from an E-type support arm was reduced by fixing a thick (12.2 × 10.5 × 0.5 cm(3)) piece of lead on top of the arm, and the remaining backscatter was modeled and included in an existing dose prediction algorithm. The applied backscatter kernel was the average of kernels on different regions of the EPID over the arm. The lead-shielded arm reduced the nonuniform backscatter component by about 50% for field sizes ranging from 3 × 3 to 30 × 30 cm(2) and the field symmetry improved for medium to large fields up to 3%. Gamma evaluation of the measured and modeled doses (2%, 2-mm criteria) showed that using the lead-shielded arm in the model increased the number of points with Gamma index <1 by 5.7% and decreased the mean Gamma by 0.201. Even using the lead alone (no modeling) could increase the number of points with Gamma index <1 by 4.7% and decrease the mean Gamma by 0.153. This is a simple and easy method to decrease the nonuniform arm backscatter and improve the accuracy of dosimetry measurements with the existing EPIDs used for clinical applications.

  8. De la crisis asiática a la crisis inmobiliaria: los debates actuales sobre la arquitectura financiera internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antulio Rosales

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de globalización neoliberal ha implicado la propagación de las finanzas internacionales como un mecanismo de acumulación ya no auxiliar a la economía real-productiva, sino como un negocio en sí mismo. La financiarización ha elevado los riesgos y vulnerabilidades de la economía mundial, cada vez más sujetas a crisis. Asimismo, la Arquitectura Financiera Internacional (AFI se encuentra bajo escrutinio por su cuestionada capacidad para enfrentar tales crisis. Este artículo analiza los debates actuales sobre la reforma de la AFI en el contexto de las crisis financieras de la última década. De la crisis asiática de finales del siglo XX a la crisis inmobiliaria de finales de 2000, el G-20 surge como principal foro político para el avance de reformas y, por otro lado, emergen áreas de influencia regional bajo el liderazgo de potencias emergentes.

  9. MIVIS image geocoding experience on merging position attitude system data and public domain GPS stream (ASI-GeoDAF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Pignatti

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The use of airborne scanners involves geo-referencing problems, which are difficult because of the need to know the exact platform position and attitude for each scan line. The errors of the onboard navigation system are normally corrected using ground control point on the image. This post-processing correction procedure is too long in case of multiple flight campaigns, and besides it implies the need to have available 1:10000 orthophotoimages or maps in digital format. To optimize the above procedure a new method to correct MIVIS navigational data in the post-processing phase has been implemented. The procedure takes into consideration the GPS stream in Rinex format of common knowledge and findable on the web, acquired at the ground stations of the Geodetic Data Archiving Facilities provided by ASI. The application of this correction entails the assumption that the environmental variables affecting both onboard and geodetic GPS equally affect the position measurements. The airborne data correction was carried out merging the two data sets (onboard and ground station GPS to achieve a more precise aircraft trajectory. The present study compares the geo-coded images obtained by means of the two post-processing methods.

  10. Preparation of a-Si and a-Si-Alloy Films Using an Ion-Gun Chemical Vapor Deposition Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haku, Hisao; Sayama, Katsunobu; Matsuoka, Tsugufumi; Tsuda, Shinya; Nakano, Shoichi; Ohnishi, Michitoshi; Kuwano, Yukinori

    1991-07-01

    As a new amorphous-silicon (a-Si) fabrication technique, an ion-gun chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, in which ions add energy to surface reactions, has been developed. The ion source employed in this gun is of the hot cathode type with a multicapillary anode which creates a collimated gas flow. A-Si:H and a-Ge:H films, fabricated at the substrate temperature of 130°C, show low dihydride bond density and high photosensitivity (4.0× 105 at Eopt˜1.95 eV and 5.1 at Eopt˜1.03 eV, respectively). In addition, a double ion-gun CVD method, for which the energy of two kinds of ion species can be independently controlled, has been developed for fabricating high-quality a-Si-alloy films. Highly photoconductive a-SiGe:H films with low optical gaps (<1.3 eV) were obtained using this fabrication method.

  11. Results of the ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: The symmetry energy at supra-saturation density

    CERN Document Server

    Russotto, P; Kupny, S; Lasko, P; Acosta, L; Adamczyk, M; Al-Ajlan, A; Al-Garawi, M; Al-Homaidhi, S; Amorini, F; Auditore, L; Aumann, T; Ayyad, Y; Basrak, Z; Benlliure, J; Boisjoli, M; Boretzky, K; Brzychczyk, J; Budzanowski, A; Caesar, C; Cardella, G; Cammarata, P; Chajecki, Z; Chartier, M; Chbihi, A; Colonna, M; Cozma, M D; Czech, B; De Filippo, E; Di Toro, M; Famiano, M; Gašparić, I; Grassi, L; Guazzoni, C; Guazzoni, P; Heil, M; Heilborn, L; Introzzi, R; Isobe, T; Kezzar, K; Kiš, M; Krasznahorkay, A; Kurz, N; La Guidara, E; Lanzalone, G; Fèvre, A Le; Leifels, Y; Lemmon, R C; Li, Q F; Lombardo, I; Lukasik, J; Lynch, W G; Marini, P; Matthews, Z; May, L; Minniti, T; Mostazo, M; Pagano, A; Pagano, E V; Papa, M; Pawlowski, P; Pirrone, S; Politi, G; Porto, F; Reviol, W; Riccio, F; Rizzo, F; Rosato, E; Rossi, D; Santoro, S; Sarantites, D G; Simon, H; Skwirczynska, I; Sosin, Z; Stuhl, L; Trautmann, W; Trifirò, A; Trimarchi, M; Tsang, M B; Verde, G; Veselsky, M; Vigilante, M; Wang, Yongjia; Wieloch, A; Wigg, P; Winkelbauer, J; Wolter, H H; Wu, P; Yennello, S; Zambon, P; Zetta, L; Zoric, M

    2016-01-01

    Directed and elliptic flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for the reaction 197Au+197Au at 400 MeV/nucleon incident energy within the ASY-EOS experimental campaign at the GSI laboratory. The detection system consisted of the Large Area Neutron Detector LAND, combined with parts of the CHIMERA multidetector, of the ALADIN Time-of-flight Wall, and of the Washington-University Microball detector. The latter three arrays were used for the event characterization and reaction-plane reconstruction. In addition, an array of triple telescopes, KRATTA, was used for complementary measurements of the isotopic composition and flows of light charged particles. From the comparison of the elliptic flow ratio of neutrons with respect to charged particles with UrQMD predictions, a value \\gamma = 0.72 \\pm 0.19 is obtained for the power-law coefficient describing the density dependence of the potential part in the parametrization of the symmetry energy. It represents a new and more stringent constraint for...

  12. Identificación de constructos competitivos y estratégicos de las exportaciones de manzanas chilenas a los mercados asiáticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Adasme-Berrios

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación se analiza la competitividad de las exportaciones de manzanas de la región del Maule, Chile, en los mercados asiáticos de China, Hong Kong, Taiwán e India. El objetivo fue identificar estrategias competitivas y determinar las variables de ventaja competitiva de mayor relevancia. Para determinar los constructos estratégicos se realizó un bootstrap junto con un análisis factorial de componentes principales (PCA. Los constructos encontrados indican que las estrategias competitivas del sector exportador está orientado en lograr economías de escalas y optimizar procesos productivos y comerciales, para lograr menores costos y competir eficientemente en los mercados asiáticos.

  13. Control químico de la roya asiática de la soya en el Planalto Medio, RS., Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Rafael Garc\\u00E9s-Fiallos

    2011-01-01

    asiática de la soya. El experimento fue conducido en el campo experimental de la Facultad de Agronomía y Medicina Veterinaria de la Universidad de Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil, en la época de verano 2009/2010. Se cuantifi có la incidencia y número de uredos/cm2 transformado después a severidad (%. Se aplicó tebuconazol y la mezcla de epoxiconazol + piraclostrobina, en siete estadios de desarrollo. Aplicaciones realizadas antes del cerramiento del espacio entre líneas del cultivo resultaron en un mejor control, pues permitieron distribuir el fungicida en la parte inferior de la planta, y al inicio de la enfermedad. La mezcla de traizol + estrobirulina fue más efectiva que el triazol utilizado sólo, en el control de la roya asiática de la soya.

  14. China e Estados Unidos na balança de poder do leste asiático : comparações econômicas e militares

    OpenAIRE

    Arthur Coelho Dornelles Júnior

    2012-01-01

    Em decorrência do fim da União Soviética, a China e os Estados Unidos perderam um rival importante no Leste Asiático, o que alterou substancialmente a balança de poder regional, levando-a da multipolaridade à bipolaridade, ou seja, desde 1991 a China e os Estados Unidos são os únicos polos de poder no Leste Asiático. Para melhorar sua posição relativa nesta balança de poder, a República Popular da China (RPC) vem investindo pesadamente na modernização do Exército de Libertação do Povo (ELP), ...

  15. Electrical and optical properties of hydrogenated amorphous silicon-germanium (a-Si1 - xGexH) films prepared by reactive ion beam sputtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhan, Mohan Krishan; Malhotra, L. K.; Kashyap, Subhash C.

    1989-09-01

    Thin films of hydrogenated amorphous silicon-germanium (a-Si1-xGex: H) alloys have been prepared by reactive ion beam sputtering of a composite target of silicon and germanium. The dependence of the deposition rate, conductivity-temperature variation, optical absorption coefficient, refractive index, imaginary part of the dielectric constant, hydrogen content, and infrared (IR) absorption spectra on germanium content (x) are reported and analyzed. For a typical composition—a-Si28Ge72:H (x=0.72), the effect of beam voltage, H2:Ar flow ratio, and substrate temperature on the material properties have also been investigated. For the films prepared with increasing x, the expected behavior of a decrease in both hydrogen content and band gap and an increase in the electrical conductivity have been observed. The films prepared at x>0.80 are found to be more homogeneous than the films deposited at 0.0disorder introduced by the random mixing of Si and Ge atoms in the a-Si1-xGex: H network in the latter case. The a-Si28Ge72:H films exhibiting minimum conductivity (1.7×10-7 Ω-1 cm-1) have been obtained for an H2:Ar flow ratio of 10:1 and a beam voltage and substrate temperature of 1500 V and 300 °C, respectively. These films contain a hydrogen concentration of 10.2 at. % and show an optical band gap of 1.25 eV. The IR studies have shown that a-Si28Ge72:H films prepared both at low beam voltages and at low substrate temperatures show the unusual preferential attachment of hydrogen to Ge rather than to Si.

  16. Regards croisés sur le régionalisme en Asie Orientale au travers de la concurrence entre le Japon, la Chine et l’Inde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Defraigne

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article retrace l’origine du leadership économique japonais dans le processus d’intégration régionale en Asie orientale et comment il est remis en question par la montée en puissance de la Chine depuis son ouverture commencée dans les années 1980. Il analyse les obstacles qui empêchent encore la Chine de jouir d’une position hégémonique régionale et qui entretiennent une situation dans laquelle la direction du processus d’intégration régionale en Asie orientale reste contestée. L’article met en évidence les limites au rôle que pourrait jouer dans ce processus l’autre grande puissance émergente d’Asie qu’est l’Inde du fait de sa position périphérique.

  17. Controle e progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja sob controle alternativo em campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Mesquini

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o controle e o progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja, causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi, sob manejo com tratamentos alternativos. Para isso, implementou-se um ensaio em delineamento de blocos completos com tratamentos ao acaso, com 4 repetições, em Itambé-PR, durante a safra 2007/2008. Os tratamentos alternativos foram: biomassa cítrica, extrato bruto e óleo essencial de Eucalyptus citriodora e grãos de kefir. Avaliou-se também o controle químico com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole + adjuvante 0,5 v/v e a testemunha. Para comparação dos tratamentos utilizou-se a severidade da doença (em cinco avaliações, a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD, a taxa de progresso da doença, a produtividade e o peso de mil grãos. Foram constatadas diferenças significativas (Pd"0,05 para as avaliações de severidade, para AACPD e para a taxa de progresso da doença. De modo geral, dentre os tratamentos alternativos, a biomassa cítrica e os grãos de kefir apresentaram os maiores índices de controle e menores taxas de progresso da doença, superando os tratamentos com extrato bruto e óleo essencial de E. citriodora. Porém, o tratamento com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole foi mais eficiente para controle e proporcionou as menores taxas de progresso quando comparado aos tratamentos alternativos.

  18. Racines d’une Kulturpolitik : une mission scientifique prussienne dans l’Asie Mineure ottomane (1841-1842

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ségolène Débarre

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available L’objet de cet article est d’analyser l’implication étatique de la Prusse dans les voyages scientifiques en Orient au cours du XIXe siècle. En étudiant plus particulièrement une mission effectuée de 1841 à 1842 par trois savants prussiens en Asie Mineure, nous montrerons que l’imbrication des domaines scientifiques et politiques, qui caractérise la Kulturpolitik après 1870 (Marchand, 2003 : 191, a des racines anciennes. Illustrant le rôle joué par les études classiques dans l’exploration de l’Orient, cette mission, contemporaine de celle de Richard Lepsius en Égypte, participe de la diffusion d’un discours orientaliste qui prend progressivement en Allemagne, après la révolution de 1848, des accents expansionnistes.Der Text untersucht das staatliche Engagement Preußens für wissenschaftliche Orientreisen im 19. Jahrhundert. Am Beispiel der Forschungsreise dreier preußischer Gelehrter nach Kleinasien (1841-1842 wird gezeigt, dass die Wurzeln der Verflechtung von Wissenschaft und Politik, die ab 1870 die Kulturpolitik des Reiches charakterisiert (Marchand, 2003: 191, weit zurückreichen. Die Reise, die zeitgleich mit der Expedition des Altertumsforschers Richard Lepsius nach Ägypten verläuft, zeigt die Bedeutung der klassischen Altertumswissenschaften für die Erforschung des Orients. Sie trägt zur Verbreitung eines orientalistischen Diskurses bei, der sich nach 1848 zunehmend um expansionistische Tendenzen anreichert.

  19. Sisearhitektidest / Vello Asi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asi, Vello, 1927-

    1998-01-01

    Eesti sisearhitektidest alates Richard Wunderlichist. Sisearhitektide koolitusest, kuulumisest Arhitektide Liitu ja Kunstnike Liitu. Kujundajate sektsiooni korraldatud näitustesarjast "Ruum ja vorm". Näituste mõtte algataja Bruno Tomberg. Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu loomisest 1990. a. Kunstnike Liidu kujundajate sektsiooni ja Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemiate väljaandmisest. 1990. aastate muutustest

  20. Eesti asi / Elen Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luht, Elen

    2013-01-01

    Kaili Milki ja Kristiina Joosti disainitud padjapüürid, Sabina Kaukise kruusid, Monika Järgi vildist hoiukorvid, Terje Taltsi käsitöökalender, Mari Kõrgesaare laualamp, Ahto Sibula korterinumbriga vaas, Taavi Kuninga riidepuu Robi, Merilin Liblika sojavahast küünlad, Marko Ala lambid

  1. Euroopa asi / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Filmiakadeemia andis Euroopa 2006.a. parima filmi auhinna sakslase Florian Henckel von Donnersmarcki filmile "Teiste elu" ("Das Leben der Anderen"), mille peaosaline Ulrich Mühe sai parima meesnäitleja auhinna. Parim režissöör oli Pedro Almodovar, kelle filmi "Volver" näitleja Penelope Cruz sai ka parima naisnäitleja auhinna. Lisatud nimekiri "Valik tänavusi Euroopa filmiauhindade võitjaid

  2. ASI法速测土壤指标与植物N吸收的相关性研究%Study on Correlation between an Index of Soil N Supply Rapidly Determined by ASI Method and Plant N Uptake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洁; 王莉; 王永刚; 戴继光

    2012-01-01

    本研究选用ASI法对山西褐土41个、河南潮土73个、辽宁棕壤43个、黑龙江黑土69个土样进行了土壤硝态N(ASI-NO3--N)、铵态N(ASI-NH4+-N)、碱溶有机质(ASI-OM)的测定,同时用常规方法测定了碱解N和有机质。并对测定值进行了相关性分析。同时选取土壤进行盆栽试验以验证ASI法测定值与植物吸N量的相关性。结果表明:四类土壤ASI-NO3--N与碱解N测定结果达到了极显著相关(褐土r=0.89**,潮土r=0.79**,棕壤r=0.90**,r=0.47**),四类土壤ASI-OM与常规方法有机质测定结果均达到了极显著正相关(褐土r=0.92**,潮土r=0.88**,棕壤r=0.93**,黑土r=0.96**),ASI-NH4+-N与碱解N测定结果也均达到了极显著正相关(褐土r=0.76**,潮土r=0.64**,棕壤r=0.97**,黑土r=0.61**)。褐土、棕壤土壤ASI-NO3--N含量与植物吸N量呈极显著正相关(P〈0.01),潮土、黑土土壤ASI-NO3--N含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关(P〈0.05)。褐土、棕壤土壤ASI-NH4+-N含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关(P〈0.05),潮土、黑土土壤ASI-NH4+-N含量与植物吸N量相关性不显著(P〉0.05)。除褐土土壤ASI-OM含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关外(P〈0.05),潮土、棕壤、黑土土壤ASI-OM含量与植物吸N量相关性不显著(P〉0.05)。%In this study, contents of nitrate, ammonium nitrogen and alkali-soluble organic matter in the cinnamon soil from Shanxi (41 samples), in the fluvo-aqnic soil from Henan (73 samples), in the brown soil from Liaoning (43 samples) and in the black soil from Heilongjiang (69 samples) were measured by the ASI method and the conventional method, and the correlation analysis was carried out on measured values. Simultaneously, this study confirmed the correlation characteristics between the measured value of nitrogen by ASI method and the amounts of nitrogen uptake by plant

  3. Stress Domains in Si\\(111\\)/a-Si3N4 Nanopixel: Ten-Million-Atom Molecular Dynamics Simulations on Parallel Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omeltchenko, Andrey; Bachlechner, Martina E.; Nakano, Aiichiro; Kalia, Rajiv K.; Vashishta, Priya; Ebbsjö, Ingvar; Madhukar, Anupam; Messina, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Parallel molecular dynamics simulations are performed to determine atomic-level stresses in Si\\(111\\)/Si3N4\\(0001\\) and Si\\(111\\)/a-Si3N4 nanopixels. Compared to the crystalline case, the stresses in amorphous Si3N4 are highly inhomogeneous in the plane of the interface. In silicon below the interface, for a 25 nm square mesa stress domains with triangular symmetry are observed, whereas for a rectangular, 54 nm×33 nm, mesa tensile stress domains \\(~300 Å\\) are separated by Y-shaped compressive domain wall. Maximum stresses in the domains and domain walls are -2 GPa and +2 GPa, respectively.

  4. Stress domains in Si(111)/a-Si3N4 nanopixel: ten-million-atom molecular dynamics simulations on parallel computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omeltchenko; Bachlechner; Nakano; Kalia; Vashishta; Ebbsjo; Madhukar; Messina

    2000-01-10

    Parallel molecular dynamics simulations are performed to determine atomic-level stresses in Si(111)/Si(3)N4(0001) and Si(111)/a-Si3N4 nanopixels. Compared to the crystalline case, the stresses in amorphous Si3N4 are highly inhomogeneous in the plane of the interface. In silicon below the interface, for a 25 nm square mesa stress domains with triangular symmetry are observed, whereas for a rectangular, 54 nmx33 nm, mesa tensile stress domains ( approximately 300 A) are separated by Y-shaped compressive domain wall. Maximum stresses in the domains and domain walls are -2 GPa and +2 GPa, respectively.

  5. Desenvolvimento e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas da versão brasileira do Addiction Severity Index 6 (ASI-6 Light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lídia Reis Fernandes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas de uma versão brasileira reduzida do Addiction Severity Index 6 Light (ASI-6 Light previamente proposta com base em um estudo de validação dos construtos do instrumento e desenvolver os novos escores de cada área do instrumento baseados na Teoria de Resposta ao Item (TRI. Métodos Foram entrevistados 200 sujeitos, 100 com uso problemático de álcool e outras drogas e 100 sem uso problemático. Foram calculados os escores dos indivíduos com base na TRI. As propriedades psicométricas foram avaliadas pela correlação entre os escores do ASI-6 Light e do Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST, padrão-ouro do estudo. Foram avaliados os índices de sensibilidade e especificidade. Resultados Foi encontrada alta correlação entre os escores da área “álcool” do ASI-6 Light e os escores do ASSIST em relação ao álcool (r = 0,79, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,47 e cocaína/crack (r = 0,44 e baixa (r = 0,39 em relação à maconha. Ao correlacionarem-se os escores do ASSIST e os escores da área “drogas” do ASI-6 Light, obteve-se alta correlação em relação à cocaína/crack (r = 0,85, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,57 e maconha (r = 0,68 e baixa (r = 0,29 em relação ao álcool. A área sob a curva ROC da área “álcool” foi de 0,93 e a da área “drogas” foi de 0,88. Conclusão Boas evidências de validade das áreas “álcool” e “drogas” foram apresentadas. Essa nova versão tornou-se um instrumento de fácil manejo e de rápida aplicação, contendo os itens que melhor avaliam a gravidade de problemas.

  6. Canopy Opener e assistência de ar no controle da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da cultura da soja

    OpenAIRE

    Prado, Evandro Pereira [UNESP

    2012-01-01

    Com a finalidade de comparar diferentes tecnologias de aplicação em pulverizações terrestre no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja (FAS), o trabalho objetivou construir um dispositivo abridor do dossel da soja e comparar diferentes tecnologias de aplicação de fungicida sobre os depósitos, controle da FAS e produtividade da soja. A confecção do dispositivo Canopy opener (CO) foi baseada no protótipo desenvolvido por pesquisadores do Departamento de Agricultura dos Estados Unidos da América (...

  7. Performance Study of an aSi Flat Panel Detector for Fast Neutron Imaging of Nuclear Waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schumann, M.; Mauerhofer, E. [Institute of Energy and Climate Research - Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Engels, R.; Kemmerling, G. [Central Institute for Engineering, Electronics and Analytics - Electronic Systems, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Frank, M. [MATHCCES - Department of Mathematics, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen (Germany); Havenith, A.; Kettler, J.; Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, T. [Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Technology Transfer, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen (Germany); Schitthelm, O. [Corporate Technology, Siemens AG, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    Radioactive waste must be characterized to check its conformance for intermediate storage and final disposal according to national regulations. For the determination of radio-toxic and chemo-toxic contents of radioactive waste packages non-destructive analytical techniques are preferentially used. Fast neutron imaging is a promising technique to assay large and dense items providing, in complementarity to photon imaging, additional information on the presence of structures in radioactive waste packages. Therefore the feasibility of a compact Neutron Imaging System for Radioactive waste Analysis (NISRA) using 14 MeV neutrons is studied in a cooperation framework of Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, RWTH Aachen University and Siemens AG. However due to the low neutron emission of neutron generators in comparison to research reactors the challenging task resides in the development of an imaging detector with a high efficiency, a low sensitivity to gamma radiation and a resolution sufficient for the purpose. The setup is composed of a commercial D-T neutron generator (Genie16GT, Sodern) with a surrounding shielding made of polyethylene, which acts as a collimator and an amorphous silicon flat panel detector (aSi, 40 x 40 cm{sup 2}, XRD-1642, Perkin Elmer). Neutron detection is achieved using a general propose plastic scintillator (EJ-260, Eljen Technology) linked to the detector. The thermal noise of the photodiodes is reduced by employing an entrance window made of aluminium. Optimal gain and integration time for data acquisition are set by measuring the response of the detector to the radiation of a 500 MBq {sup 241}Am-source. Detector performance was studied by recording neutron radiography images of materials with various, but well known, chemical compositions, densities and dimensions (Al, C, Fe, Pb, W, concrete, polyethylene, 5 x 8 x 10 cm{sup 3}). To simulate gamma-ray emitting waste radiographs in presence of a gamma-ray sources ({sup 60}Co, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 241

  8. "Quise entonces fumar": El opio en César Vallejo y Pablo Neruda: rutas asiáticas de experimentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Leal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available César Vallejo y Pablo Neruda fuman el opio cuando están escribiendo Trilce (1922 y Residencia en la tierra (1935, respectivamente. No mencionan la droga en sus colecciones, pero ambos escriben al margen de su obra literaria textos sobre su experiencia narcótica: un cuento-testimonio, en Vallejo; confesiones y memorias, en Neruda. Los dos poetas igualmente describen al opio como una puerta de valoración de lo asiático, sus costumbres y habitantes. Por medio del análisis de los escritos sobre el opio de Vallejo en su cuento "Cera" de Escalas melografiadas (1923 y de Neruda en su poema "El opio en el Este" de Memorial de Isla negra (1964, este artículo investiga, por un lado, los conceptos estéticos que se revelan en las relaciones del opio con la escritura de estos poetas, y por otro lado, las relaciones del opio con lo asiático que establecen los escritores como una forma de definir sus concepciones políticas.

  9. Repertorio bibliográfico, análisis bibliométrico y sociocultural de las monografías sobre artes marciales asiáticas publicadas en España

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Gutiérrez, Mikel

    2013-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral tiene como objetivo estudiar las monografías de artes marciales asiáticas publicadas en España hasta el año 2009. Concretamente, en ella se pretende: a) elaborar un repertorio bibliográfico anotado sobre las monografías de artes marciales asiáticas publicadas en España; y b) desarrollar un análisis bibliométrico y sociocultural de estas monografías

  10. Efeito de fungicidas sistêmico e protetores aplicados em diferentes estádios fenológicos no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Júnior,Jorge da; Rezende,Pedro Milanez de; Carvalho,Eudes de Arruda; Alves, Eduardo; Pozza, Edson Ampélio

    2009-01-01

    Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, verificar o efeito dos fungicidas oxicloreto de cobre, tiofanato metílico, tiofanato metílico + clorotalonil e clorotalonil em diferentes estádios fenológicos V6, R1, R5, V6 + R1, V6 + R5 e R1 + R5 no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja. O estudo foi conduzido na área experimental do Departamento de Agricultura da Universidade Federal de Lavras. Observou-se efeito significativo de controle da ferrugem asiática para todos os fungicidas avaliados. A aplicação de ...

  11. L’extraction minière en Asie centrale entre le viiie et le xiie siècle : enjeux économiques et politiques

    OpenAIRE

    Siméon, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    Dans les steppes et les montagnes de l’Asie centrale, des hommes ont exploité des minerais depuis la fin du ve siècle. Leur exploitation connaît une augmentation après la conquête arabo-musulmane, à la période médiévale, notamment aux ixe-xie siècles. Cinq grandes régions alimentent les marchés en minerais ferreux ou non (mercure, étain, et plomb) et en métaux précieux (or et argent). Jusqu’à 10 000 mineurs ont travaillé dans certaines mines et la production d’une partie de ces mines d’argent...

  12. Effects of boron addition on a-Si90Ge10:H films obtained by low frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, Arllene M.; Renero, Francisco J.; Zúñiga, Carlos; Torres, Alfonso; Santiago, César

    2005-06-01

    Optical, structural and electric properties of (a-(Si90Ge10)1-yBy:H) thin film alloys, deposited by low frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition, are presented. The chemical bonding structure has been studied by IR spectroscopy, while the composition was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. A discussion about boron doping effects, in the composition and bonding of samples, is presented. Transport of carriers has been studied by measurement of the conductivity dependence on temperature, which increases from 10-3 to 101 Ω-1 cm-1 when the boron content varies from 0 to 50%. Similarly, the activation energy is between 0.62 and 0.19 eV when the doping increases from 0 to 83%. The optical properties have been determined from the film's optical transmission, using Swanepoel's method. It is shown that the optical gap varies from 1.3 to 0.99 eV.

  13. La estructura del “sector del sexo” en el sureste asiático. Una realidad poliédrica

    OpenAIRE

    Rosario Pozo Gordaliza; Luis Ballester Brage; Carmen Orte Socias

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo estudia, mediante un análisis sistemático, los elementos más significativos que definen la industria del sexo en el sureste asiático. Entre ellos destacamos en primer lugar, su compleja, organización, sofisticación, diversificación y estructuración; su relación con la feminización de la pobreza, las migraciones y las minorías étnicas. El tráfico sexual y el turismo sexual creciente. En segundo lugar hablaremos sobre su clientela, la estructura demográfica joven y el acceso al m...

  14. Espectro de gotas de pulverização e controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Paula Debortoli

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o espectro de gotas de pulverização ideal para o controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi, em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2009/2010. A aplicação de fungicida (piraclostrobina + epoxiconazol, com óleo mineral foi avaliada com quatro espectros de gotas de pulverização - muito fino, <119 μm; fino, 119 a 216 μm; médio, 217 a 352 μm; e grosso, 353 a 464 μm -, em quatro cultivares de soja (BMX Apollo RR, NA 7636 RR, Fcep 53 RR e TMG 4001 RR contrastantes quanto a índice de área foliar, estatura de plantas e número de ramos por planta. Foram quantificadas as variáveis: número de gotas por cm², diâmetro mediano volumétrico das gotas, área abaixo da curva de progresso da ferrugem-asiática e produtividade da soja. A definição do espectro de gotas a ser utilizado deve considerar a cultivar e as condições ambientais em que a pulverização será realizada. A magnitude da proteção exercida pelo fungicida varia de acordo com a cobertura de plantas e a penetração de gotas no dossel, proporcionada pelos diferentes espectros de gota. O espectro de gotas fino proporciona boa deposição de gotas, controle da doença e produtividade, independentemente da cultivar avaliada.

  15. Avaliação da atividade fungicida de extratos e óleos essenciais sobre ferrugem asiática da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daísa Bigaton

    Full Text Available Os extratos e óleos essenciais extraídos de plantas têm grande potencial no controle de fitopatógenos, por sua ação fungitóxica direta, inibindo o crescimento micelial e a germinação de esporos, e pela capacidade de induzir o acúmulo de fitoalexinas nas plantas. Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar o efeito de diferentes extratos metanólicos e óleos essenciais sobre a ferrugem asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. O experimento foi realizado em casa-de-vegetação e sala de incubação. Utilizou-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado com sete tratamentos e dez repetições. A cultivar de soja utilizada foi a BRS 245RR; os tratamentos constaram de óleos essenciais e extratos metanólicos dos gêneros Schinus terebinthifolius (aroeira-pimenteira, e Trichilia silvatica (quebra-machado, catiguá-vermelho, surfactante Tween 80 a 1% (v/v e a testemunha água. As plantas foram pulverizadas com os respectivos tratamentos e inoculadas artificialmente com o fungo cerca de 24 horas depois. As características analisadas foram: número de folíolos/parcela; índice de clorofila; altura de plantas; intensidade da ferrugem asiática da soja; número de folíolos com ferrugem; número de folíolos com aspecto queimado. As plantas pulverizadas com extrato de Schinus a 5% (m/v e óleo de Schinus a 1% (v/v mostraram maior intensidade da doença, comparadas às pulverizadas com água. Estes dois tratamentos e o óleo de Trichilia a 1% provocaram uma maior incidência de folíolos queimados, indicando fitotoxicidade à cultura.

  16. Motion-capture-based walking simulation of digital human adapted to laser-scanned 3D as-is environments for accessibility evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsubasa Maruyama

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Owing to our rapidly aging society, accessibility evaluation to enhance the ease and safety of access to indoor and outdoor environments for the elderly and disabled is increasing in importance. Accessibility must be assessed not only from the general standard aspect but also in terms of physical and cognitive friendliness for users of different ages, genders, and abilities. Meanwhile, human behavior simulation has been progressing in the areas of crowd behavior analysis and emergency evacuation planning. However, in human behavior simulation, environment models represent only “as-planned” situations. In addition, a pedestrian model cannot generate the detailed articulated movements of various people of different ages and genders in the simulation. Therefore, the final goal of this research was to develop a virtual accessibility evaluation by combining realistic human behavior simulation using a digital human model (DHM with “as-is” environment models. To achieve this goal, we developed an algorithm for generating human-like DHM walking motions, adapting its strides, turning angles, and footprints to laser-scanned 3D as-is environments including slopes and stairs. The DHM motion was generated based only on a motion-capture (MoCap data for flat walking. Our implementation constructed as-is 3D environment models from laser-scanned point clouds of real environments and enabled a DHM to walk autonomously in various environment models. The difference in joint angles between the DHM and MoCap data was evaluated. Demonstrations of our environment modeling and walking simulation in indoor and outdoor environments including corridors, slopes, and stairs are illustrated in this study.

  17. Investigation of Ionospheric Disturbances Using Radio and Optical Observations in South-East Asia -- The Initial Results of the ASI and FPI Observations in Chiang Mai, Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubota, M.; Nagatsuma, T.; Otsuka, Y.; Shiokawa, K.; Komonjinda, S.; Komolmis, T.; Somboon, E.; Tsugawa, T.; Maruyama, T.; Murata, K. T.

    2010-12-01

    For the purpose of monitoring and forecasting equatorial ionospheric disturbances, SEALION (SouthEast Asia Low-latitude IOnospheric Network) has been developed since 2003 as a cooperation project by National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL) in Thailand, Chiang Mai University (CMU) in Thailand, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) in Indonesia, Hanoi Institute of Geophysics (HIG), Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology in Vietnam, Center for Space Science and Applied Research (CSSAR), Chinese Academy of Sciences in China, Kyoto University in Japan, and Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University in Japan. SEALION consists of five ionosondes, four GPS receivers, two GPS scintillation monitors, and a magnetometer. As a part of this project, we newly installed an all-sky imager (ASI) and a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) at Sirindhorn observatory in Chiang Mai (18.8N, 98.9E, Dip lat. 13.1), Thailand. This site is located near conjugate to EAR site in Kototabang, Indonesia. One of main targets of the ASI observation is the large-scale wave structure (LSWS) with wavelengths of 100-1000 km. The LSWS is thought to be connected to the generation mechanism of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPB). The optical observations in Chiang Mai started in February 2010, and we have detected several ionospheric disturbance events with these instruments In this paper, we will show the initial results of the optical observations from Sirindhorn observatory, and discuss the features of ionospheric disturbances in Southeast Asia.

  18. La jamaʿat al Tabligh en Asie centrale : réactivation des liens islamiques avec le sous continent indien et insertion dans un islam mondialisé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayram Balci

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Très fortes jusqu’à l’arrivée de la Russie en Asie centrale au XIXe siècle, notamment sous la dynastie moghole originaire d’Asie centrale, les relations islamiques entre l’Inde et l’Asie centrale ont été considérablement amoindries pendant la période russe et soviétique où l’islam centrasiatique était particulièrement coupé du monde musulman. Toutefois, à la faveur des indépendances en 1991, un important processus de recréation de liens voire d’intégration, permet à l’islam d’Asie centrale de se mettre en réseau avec l’islam du monde entier, turc, arabe, mais aussi indien. Ce dernier, sans doute le moins étudié par la communauté des chercheurs sur l’Asie centrale, s’implante en force dans toute la région, mais plus particulièrement au Kirghizstan et au Kazakhstan, grâce au dynamisme d’une organisation islamique, née dans l’Inde britannique des années 1920, la Jamaʿat al Tabligh. Non radical et apolitique, prêchant un « islam minimal » qui insiste sur les vertus de la foi et de la pratique, l’islam de cette mouvance semble bénéficier du soutien tacite des autorités politiques en place, qui trouvent dans la Jamaʿat al Tabligh un allié dans leur lutte contre l’islam contestataire de l’ordre établi.

  19. Bayesian Event Tree (BET) approach to Near Real Time monitoring on active volcanoes within ASI-SRV project: Mt. Etna test case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvestri, Malvina; Musacchio, Massimo; Taroni, Matteo; Fabrizia Buongiorno, Maria; Dini, Luigi

    2010-05-01

    ASI-Sistema Rischio Vulcanico (SRV) project is devoted to the development of a pre-operative integrated system managing different Earth Observation (EO) and Non EO data to respond to specific needs of the Italian Civil Protection Department (DPC) and improve the monitoring of Italian active volcanoes. The project provides the capability to maintain a repository where the acquired data are stored and generates products offering a support to risk managers during the different volcanic activity phases. All the products are obtained considering technical choices and developments of ASI-SRV based on flexible and scalable modules which take into account also the new coming space sensors and new processing algorithms. An important step of the project development regards the technical and scientific feasibility of the provided products that depends on the data availability, accuracy algorithms and models used in the processing and of course the possibility to validate the results by means of comparison with non-EO independent measurements. The multivariate analysis allows to perform multiple comparisons in order to have a first idea of which variables are largely preferentially or rather rarely distributed, also considering their geographic localization. The "Volcanic Parameter" cross correlation will allow to define the weight of each product that will be used as input in the BET-EF model (Bayesian Event Tree model for eruption forecasting ) which is an already developed algorithm for the eruption model, and will be adapt, as it is, to the ASI-SRV needs. The BET model represents a flexible tool to provide probabilities of any specific event at which we are interested in, by merging any kind of available and relevant information, such as theoretical models, a priori beliefs, monitoring measures, and past data. It is mainly based on a Bayesian procedure and it relies on the fuzzy approach to manage monitoring data. The method deals with short- and long-term forecasting

  20. «Un esclavo que se llama Antonio»: venta de dos esclavos asiáticos en Galicia a inicios del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ménard, Caroline

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Slavery has existed in the Iberian Peninsula since the Antiquity and up to the Modern Era - and moreover, it was not restricted to the submission of people coming from Africa. This paper will look at the sale of two slaves originally from Asia, Antonio and Domingo, in 1603 in the port of Vigo - it will explore their journey, the role of the Carreira da India Portuguese mariners as sailors, their origin and sale price. Antonio and Domingo might represent a minority compared to all the slaves living at that time in Galicia, but their difference is a rich illustration of the process as it was then working.

    La esclavitud era conocida en la Península Ibérica desde la Antigüedad y durante la Época Moderna y no se limitó a la sumisión de personas de origen africana. Este artículo trata de la venta de dos esclavos de origen asiático, Antonio y Domingo, en el puerto de Vigo en 1603; en él se analiza la ruta emprendida por éstos, el papel desempeñado por los marineros portugueses de la Carreira da India como vendedores, así como su origen y precio. Antonio y Domingo representan una minoria dentro del conjunto de los esclavos viviendo en ese momento en Galicia, pero su presencia es un ejemplo ilustrativo de la dinámica vigente en la época. [gl] A escravitude era coñecida na Península Ibérica dende a Antigüidade e durante a Época Moderna e non se limitou a sumisión de persoas de orixe africana. Este artigo trata da venda de dous escravos de orixe asiática, Antonio e Domingo, no porto de Vigo no 1603. No artigo analízase a ruta realizada por estes e a súa orixe e prezo, así como o papel xogado polos mariñeiros portugueses na Carreira da India como vendedores. Antonio y Domingo representan unha corrente minoritaria dentro do conxunto dos escravos que viven en Galicia nesta época, mais a sua presencia é un bon exemplo da dinamica vivida nesta época.

  1. 基于ASIS系统的侧面柱碰台车试验方法%Side pole sled test methodology using ASIS system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙奕; 马财俊; 江南; 沈海东; 张孟周

    2014-01-01

    在中国在侧面柱碰的台车试验研究很少,尚未颁布国家的侧面柱碰法规。本文研制了一种侧面柱碰台车试验方法。此方法基于现行欧盟新车评价规程(Euro-NCAP)的侧面柱碰工况,利用了ASIS (Advanced Side Impact System)多侵入缸系统。设计了试验夹具,运用CAE(计算机辅助工程)仿真优化工具,简化了输入波形,进行了某车型的台车试验,并和其整车试验数据比对。结果表明:头部加速度峰值误差小于5%,脊柱和骨盆加速度峰值误差在20%以内:该台车试验再现了整车试验中的假人在运动姿态。该方法也可用于其他台车试验。%In China, the side pole sled test methodology is not widely studied and the side pole impact regulation has not been published yet. This paper presented a novel side pole sled test method. It was based on the current Euro-NCAP (Euro-New Car Assessment Program) side pole test protocol with using the ASIS (Advanced Side Impact System) multiple intrusion cylinders sled system. The sled ifxture was built and the input pulse was simpliifed by CAE (Computer Aided Engineering) simulation and optimization tool. A side pole sled test was carried out and dummy responses were compared with that were obtained in vehicle tests. The results show that the relative error of head peak acceleration is within 5%, thorax and pelvic peak accelerations are within 20%. The sled tests can reproduce the dummy kinematics in the vehicle tests. Therefore, this method can be utilized in the other sled tests.

  2. The formation of the positive, fixed charge at c-Si(111)/a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H interfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Hintzsche, L E; Marsman, M; Lamers, M W P E; Weeber, A W; Kresse, G

    2015-01-01

    Modern electronic devices are unthinkable without the well-controlled formation of interfaces at heterostructures. These often involve at least one amorphous material. Modeling such interfaces poses a significant challenge, since a meaningful result can only be expected by using huge models or by drawing from many statistically independent samples. Here we report on the results of high throughput calculations for interfaces between crystalline silicon (c-Si) and amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H), which are omnipresent in commercially available solar cells. The findings reconcile only partly understood key features. At the interface, threefold coordinated Si atoms are present. These are caused by the structural mismatch between the amorphous and crystalline part. The local Fermi level of undoped c-Si lies well below that of a-SiN:H. To align the Fermi levels in the device, charge is transferred from the a-SiN:H part to the c-Si part resulting in an abundance of positively charged, threefold coord...

  3. Postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē "Asiņainais kambaris"

    OpenAIRE

    Mierkalne, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Šajā pētījumā aplūkotas postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē Asiņainais kambaris. Padziļināti tiek apskatīta intertekstualitāte, stilizācija, un fragmentācija, un to izpausmes, lai secinātu kā šīs iezīmes veido postmodernisma stāstu. Šis pētījums izstrādāts veicot ar postmodernisma tēmu saistīto teorētisko materiālu un A.Kārteres stāstu analīzi. Pētījuma aktualitāti ietekmē, pirmkārt, postmodernisma literatūras problemātika – sarežģītā literatūras perioda definīcijas izstrād...

  4. Efficiency and throughput advances in continuous roll-to-roll a-Si alloy PV manufacturing technology: Annual technical progress report: 22 June 1998--21 June 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izu, M.

    1999-11-09

    This document reports on work performed by Energy Conversion Devices, Inc. (ECD) during Phase 1 of this subcontract. During this period, ECD researchers: (1) Completed design and construction of new, improved substrate heater; (2) Tested and verified improved performance of the new substrate heater in the pilot machine; (3) Verified improved performance of the new substrate heater in the production machine; (4) Designed and bench-tested a new infrared temperature sensor; (5) Installed a prototype new infrared temperature sensor in the production machine for evaluation; (6) Designed a new rolling thermocouple temperature sensor; (7) Designed and bench-tested a reflectometer for the backreflector deposition machine; (8) Designed and bench-tested in-line non-contacting cell diagnostic sensor and PV capacitive diagnostic system; (9) Installed the in-line cell diagnostic sensor in the 5-MW a-Si deposition machine for evaluation; (10) Demonstrated a new low-cost zinc metal process in the pilot back reflector machine; and (11) Fully tested a new cathode design for improved uniformity.

  5. A China na nova arquitetura geoeconômica global e o caso do Banco Asiático de Investimento em Infraestrutura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Pautasso

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a criação do Banco Asiático de Investimento em Infraestrutura por parte do governo chinês. Mais do que uma organização internacional, o argumento proposto é que o AIIB revela a configuração de uma nova arquitetura geoeconômica e financeira. Esta, por sua vez, deve ser entendida como  parte do renascimento da Ásia, da ascensão chinesa e da emergência de um mundo multipolar. The objective of this paper is to analyze the creation of the Asian Investment Bank Infrastructure by the Chinese government. More than an international organization, the proposed argument is that AIIB shows the configuration of a new geo-economic and financial architecture. This, in turn, must be understood as part of the renaissance of Asia, China’s rise and the emergence of a multipolar world.

  6. Development of highly efficient large-area a-Si PV module. Final report; Entwicklung hocheffizienter grossflaechiger a-Si-Photovoltaikmodule. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruebel, H.; Frammelsberger, W.; Lechner, P.; Geyer, R.; Schade, H.; Psyk, W.

    1998-06-01

    This project was focused on the development of stable PV modules based on a-Si, and on the process transfer from a laboratory scale to a large-area production level. Central to these efforts is the economic relevance that requires reasonable module efficiencies obtained with high throughput and yield. Our modules contain p-i-n/p-i-n (a-Si/a-Si) cell structures that are based on deposition procedures developed at ISI, i.e. low-temperature deposition and high hydrogen dilution for the top cell, and microdoping between the p-layer and the buffer layer for the cottom cell. The maximum stabilized (1800 h) module efficiency obtained by production-relevant processes is 6.5% for the aperture area of 5445 cm{sup 2}. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Arbeiten im Rahmen des Projekts konzentrierten sich auf die Entwicklung moeglicht stabiler a-Si-PV-Module und auf die Umsetzung vorhandener Labortechniken in einen industriellen Fertigungsmassstab. Mitbestimmend fuer die Entwicklungsarbeiten war die kommerzielle Relevanz, die brauchbare Modulleistungen verknuepft mit hohem Durchsatz bei hoher Ausbeute. Die Basis fuer unsere jetzige Zellstruktur im Modul sind die a-Si/a-Si-(p-i-n/p-i-n)-Technologie und die Technologiekonzepte des ISI (Tieftemperaturabscheidung bei hoher H-Verduennung fuer die Topzelle sowie Feindotierung des Uebergangs von der p-Schicht in den Puffer hinein fuer die Bottomzelle). Das beste mit einem fertigungsrelevanten Prozess hergestellte Modul erreicht nach 1800 h Lichtalterung einen stabilisierten Aperturwirkungsgrad von 6.5%. (orig.)

  7. La estructura del “sector del sexo” en el sureste asiático. Una realidad poliédrica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Pozo Gordaliza

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia, mediante un análisis sistemático, los elementos más significativos que definen la industria del sexo en el sureste asiático. Entre ellos destacamos en primer lugar, su compleja, organización, sofisticación, diversificación y estructuración; su relación con la feminización de la pobreza, las migraciones y las minorías étnicas. El tráfico sexual y el turismo sexual creciente. En segundo lugar hablaremos sobre su clientela, la estructura  demográfica joven y el acceso al mercado de la prostitución a edades muy tempranas. Seguidamente haremos alusión a las desigualdades de género, las creencias socioculturales, religiosas y al imaginario social colectivo. A continuación incidiremos en las “prostituciones” (directas o indirectas, la idea de la elección y los límites en su producción estadística. Por último terminamos con una propuesta orientativa para enriquecer el debate y aportar vías facilitadoras para encarar el fenómeno desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos.

  8. China e sudeste asiático: diferenças e semelhanças de percepção quanto a questões atuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo A. Pereira Pinto

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available China e Sudeste Asiático têm diferenças de percepção quanto a questões de segurança regional atuais, em virtude de experiências históricas, que levam alguns países situados ao Sul da RPC a acreditarem que Pequim poderia voltar a desempenhar papel dominante na área de sua antiga influência político-cultural. Fortalecem-se, por outro lado, as semelhanças de percepção quanto à necessidade de preservar o Estado, como agente capaz de fomentar o desenvolvimento do sistema político, bem como garantidor das aspirações e interesses individuais e coletivos.China and Southeast Asia, due to their historic expeirences, have different perceptions about comtemporary regional security issues that lead some countries located at the South of CPR to believe that Pekin could come back to play the dominant role on its ancient political and cultural influence area. On the other hand, similar perceptions about the need of preserving the State as the agent able to foment the development of the political system as well as the guarantor of individual and collective aspirations and interests have strengthned.

  9. Colonization and Biology of Phlebotomus pa­patasi, the Main Vector of Cutaneous Leishmani­asis due to Leshmania major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laboratory bred sand flies are essential for the study of different biological phenomena including the transmis­sion dynamics of Leishmania. The aim of the study was to determine the suitable situation for colonization and main­tenance of Iranian strain of Phlebotomus papatasi at laboratory conditions from an endemic focus of cutaneous leishmani­asis due to Leishmania major.Methods: One hundred and thirty P. papatasi were collected by CDC miniature light traps and aspirator from indoors in Badrood, central Iran. The fly was maintained by the procedures of Modi & Tesh (1983 with minor modifications for 7 generations. Results: Minimum and maximum rate of productivity was calculated to be 8.5 and 56.1 in F7 and F3, respectively and signifi­cant difference was observed among productivity of some generations (P< 0.001. The sex ratio ranged between 70(F1 and 101.8(F6. The mean duration of egg to adult emergence varied between 47.21±4.46 and 52.6±7.85 days. The life cycle was completed in 34.4 to 60 days at 26±1 ºC. Conclusion: P. papatasi was colonized and maintained successfully for the first time as a laboratory strain. Using larval diet without liver powder is recommended. The blood of white hamster was preferred to golden hamster and guinea pig for the sand fly vector blood feeding at the insectary.

  10. Théâtres d’Asie à l’œuvre. Circulation, expression, politique, Hélène Bouvier & Gérard Toffin, éd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Flicker

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, riche d’une dizaine d’études, traite des formes théâtrales en Asie, de l’Inde à la Chine, en passant par l’archipel indonésien (Java, Bali, Madura, le Cambodge et le Vietnam. Il est précédé d’une introduction dense qui cadre la question sur le plan théorique en optant pour une approche résolument anthropologique, qui fédère l’ensemble des contributions. Il donne un éclairage neuf en renouvelant l’apport d’ouvrages majeurs mais aujourd’hui anciens, tel Les Théâtres d’Asie, sous l...

  11. Prey records of robber fLies(Diptera:AsiLidae)in Iran%伊朗食虫虻(双翅目:食虫虻科)的猎物记录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Najmeh SAMIN; Hamid SAKENIN; Hassan GHAHARI; Reza MONAEM

    2014-01-01

    Up on the revising of the pubLished data on Iranian AsiLidae,in a totaL 130 insect species are Listed in this paper as the preys for 104 species of Iranian AsiLidae. These preys beLong to 37 famiLies of 7 orders incLuding Hyme-noptera,Diptera,CoLeoptera,Orthoptera,Lepidoptera,Heteroptera and Neuroptera. In addition to the diverse preys in the cLass Insecta,one spider species( Aranei)was determined as prey too.%本文根据伊朗食虫虻科AsiLidae的文献资料,记录了伊朗104种食虫虻的130种猎物。这些猎物隶属昆虫纲Insecta的7个目(膜翅目Hymenoptera,双翅目Diptera,鞘翅目CoLeoptera,直翅目Orthoptera,鳞翅目Lepidoptera,半翅目异翅亚目Heteroptera和脉翅目Neuroptera)37科,此外,还有1种蜘蛛也是食虫虻的猎物。

  12. Reduction of the effect of non-uniform backscatter from an E-type support arm of a Varian a-Si EPID used for dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowshanfarzad, Pejman; Sabet, Mahsheed; O'Connor, Daryl J; Greer, Peter B

    2010-11-21

    Backscatter from the metallic components in the support arm is one of the sources of inaccuracy in dosimetry with Varian amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (a-Si EPIDs). In this study, the non-uniform arm backscatter is blocked by adding lead sheets between the EPID and an E-type support arm. By comparing the EPID responses on and off the arm, with and without lead and considering the extra weight on the imager, 2 mm of lead was determined as the optimum thickness for both 6 and 18 MV beam energies. The arm backscatter at the central axis with the 2 mm lead in place decreased to 0.1% and 0.2% for the largest field size of 30 × 30 cm(2) using 6 and 18 MV beams, from 2.3% and 1.3% without lead. Changes in the source-to-detector distance (SDD) did not affect the backscatter component more than 1%. The symmetry of the in-plane profiles improved for all field sizes for both beam energies. The addition of lead decreased the contrast-to-noise ratio and resolution by 1.3% and 0.84% for images taken in 6 MV and by 0.5% and 0.38% for those in 18 MV beams. The displacement of the EPID central pixel was measured during a 360° gantry rotation with and without lead which was 1 pixel different. While the backscatter reduces with increasing lead thickness, a 2 mm lead sheet seems sufficient for acceptable dosimetry results without any major degradation to the routine performance of the imager. No increase in patient skin dose was detected.

  13. Análise AMMI da produtividade de grãos em linhagens de soja selecionadas para resistência à ferrugem asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Ken-Iti Yokomizo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi quantificar os efeitos da interação genótipo x ambiente (GxE sobre a produtividade de grãos em progênies de soja pré-selecionadas para resistência à ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Doze ensaios de avaliação de progênies (linhagens F6 e F7 foram conduzidos em diferentes ambientes (combinação de locais, anos e tratamentos fungicidas para controle de doenças de final de ciclo, incluindo ou não a ferrugem. A análise "additive main effects and multiplicative interaction" (AMMI capturou, como padrão da interação GxE, 57% da variação associada aos resíduos de não aditividade, dos quais 44% foram retidos no primeiro componente principal de interação e o restante, no segundo. O primeiro componente associou-se a diferenças entre os anos de avaliação, o que denota imprevisibilidade na predição. O segundo componente, no entanto, associou-se ao manejo diferenciado do cultivo, no que se refere ao controle ou não das doenças. Entre os genótipos de ampla adaptabilidade produtiva, as linhagens USP 02-16.045 e USP 10-10 apresentaram desempenho destacado.

  14. Controle de ferrugem asiática da soja utilizando-se diferentes pontas de pulverização em Maracaju-MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackeline Matos do Nascimento

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En la presente investigación realizada en Maracaju, en el estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, fue estudiado el efecto de puntas y horarios de aplicación para el control de la Roya asiática de la soya. Se evaluaron cuatro puntas de pulverización: chorro plano de uso ampliado, chorro plano doble, chorro plano deflector y chorro plano deflector doble. Las aplicaciones ocurrieron en los horarios de 14:00 y 17:30h con un pulverizador de espaldas a presión constante (CO2. El fungicida utilizado fue el epoxiconazole y piraclostrobina, en la dosis de 0,5 L·ha-1 del producto comercial. El delineamiento experimental fue el de bloques al azar, con cuatro repeticiones, en un esquema de parcelas subdivididas, donde la parcela fue el horario y las subparcelas las puntas. Fueron colectados 30 folíolos en los tercios superior, medio e inferior de la planta, para evaluar el número de lesiones, uredíneas, incidencia y severidad de la enfermedad. En la aplicación realizada en el horario de las 14:00h con la punta chorro plano deflector, las plantas presentaron mayor número de lesiones y uredíneas en el tercio medio, cuando fue comparada con las puntas chorro plano deflector doble y chorro plano doble. No fueron detectadas diferencias significativas en relación a la masa de mil granos y la producción.

  15. El curso del desarrollo tecnológico y la subcontratación en el programa maquilador mexicano: La experiencia del este asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor M. Castillo

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Al iniciarse la década de los noventa, la industria maquiladora se ha consolidado como sector en términos cualitativos (generación de empleo y obtención de divisas, pero también en su desarrollo, que a medida que avanza el tiempo pesa más en la estructura económica y social del país (sobre todo en la frontera norte, en la que pudieran resultar importantes beneficios indirectos, dentro de otro escenario, caracterizado por las extemalidades de una nueva industria maquiladora (NIM. Nueva en el sentido de su posible contribución al desenvolvimiento del país en aspectos como apoyo a la infraestructura, transferencia y generación de tecnología, en el sentido de impulso a industrias satélites y complementarias a través de la utilización de insumos y la subcontratación, esto en una dimensión más cualitativa del proceso, donde la NIM debe ser entendida en el marco de referencia de las modificaciones y cambios estructurales que la economía esta generando (en materia de políticaeconómica.Ante esta perspectiva, el presente trabajo pretende dar respuesta a la interrogante: ¿es posible repetir la experiencia asiática en aspectos de subcontratación y adaptación de tecnología en la frontera norte de México?Como conclusión preliminar se plantea: la NIM, dentro de un marco de planificación estatal, podría convertirse en instrumento de apoyo importante, vía transferencia de tecnología y subcontratación, para una transición hacia niveles más altos de industrialización.

  16. Effects of fresh soil samples and modified ASI extractant on soil available nutrient determination%新鲜土样和改进ASI浸提剂对土壤有效养分测试的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺冬仙; 白由路; 鲁绍坤; 田爽

    2011-01-01

    通过分析基于风干土样和新鲜土样、ASI(Agro Services International)浸提剂和改进ASI浸提剂进行测量的土壤有效养分含量的相关性,探索一种基于新鲜土样和联合浸提剂进行土壤有效养分测试的方法.结果表明,利用ASI浸提剂测量的北京潮土新鲜土样的NO3--N和NH4+-N、有效P、K、Ca、Mg、Cu、Fe、Mn、Zn、有机质含量及pH值,与风干土样的测量值均呈显著的线性相关关系,经该线性方程回归检验的测量相对误差小于5%~9%;利用改进ASI浸提剂测量的新鲜土样和风干土样的NH4+-N,有效P、K、Ca、Mg、Cu、Fe、Mn、Zn含量与基于ASI浸提剂测量的也呈显著的线性相关关系,经该线性方程回归检验的测量相对误差小于5%~8%.因此,基于新鲜土样和改进ASI浸提剂测量石灰性土壤有效养分含量是可行的,可为车载式土壤养分检测提供一种快捷的土样浸提前处理方法.%In order to meet require of pre-treatment of soil samples before measurement in soil nutrient testing for vehicle application, soil available nutrient determinations based on fresh soil samples and modified ASI ( Agro Services International) extractant were explored and compared with that based on air-dried soil samples and ASI extractant. In the soil available nutrient determinations based on ASI extractant for fresh and air-dried soils (fluvo-aquic soil) collected in Beijing, there are significant linear correlations between the available nutrient contents of NO3- -N, NH4+ -N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn, organic matter, and pH value under the treatments of fresh and air-dried soils, and the relative errors are less than 5%-9%. In the soil nutrient determinations based on fresh and air-dried soils for modified ASI and ASI extractants, there are significant linear correlations between the available nutrient contents of NH4+ -N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn, and he relative errors are less than 5%-8%. Therefore

  17. Influence of solar spectrum and climate on the performance of c-SI, a-Si and CdTe modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weihs, Philipp; Jochen, Wagner; Marcus, Rennhofer; Zamini, Shokufeh; Fallent, Gerhard; Brence, Florian

    2010-05-01

    Within the scope of the project PV-SPEC we investigate the performance of different types of photovoltaic (PV) modules as a function of the regional climate of Austria. Three types of modules were chosen for the present study: monocrystalline silicon cells (c-SI), amorphous silicon cells (a-Si) and cadmium telluride cells (CdTe). The criteria for the selection of the cells is on the one hand their different spectral sensitivity and on the other hand the need of research in the domain of thin film technology. The aim of the project is the exact estimation of the potential energy yield of these three module types in the different climatic regions of Austria. Thereby the effects of the very inhomogeneous and structured topography in Austria need to be fully taken into account. As a first step the characteristics of the PV modules as well as their spectral sensitivity were determined in the laboratory. In a second step routine measurements of the module performance were performed at Observatory Kanzelhoehe (1600 m altitude), and in Vienna (170 m altitude). In order to investigate the influence of temperature, wind, cloudiness and solar spectrum some additional measurements of these quantities were performed. In order to investigate the influence of the orientation of the modules, we performed for each module type the measurement of the performance of three modules with different orientations: one module oriented towards south, one towards east and one towards west. In a third step we then analyse the performance as a function of time of the day, as a function of the season, as a function of the meteorological parameters (temperature, wind and cloudiness) and as a function of the spectral distribution of the solar radiation. The meteorological influence on the PV module performance is quantified using one array type function for each module type. Using this function and a radiative transfer model we may in a last step calculate the energy yield potential of the three PV

  18. Aire linguistique Asie du Sud-Est continentale : le birman en fait-il partie ? Mainland Southeast Asia Linguistic Area: is Burmese in?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Vittrant

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available L’appartenance du birman à la famille des langues tibéto-birmanes est un fait non discutable comme l’attestent de nombreux travaux en linguistique historique (Benedict 1942, Shafer 1955, Matisoff 1973. Cependant, cette langue possède de nombreuses caractéristiques phonologiques, morphosyntaxiques, pragmatiques ou lexicales, rares ou non attestées dans les autres langues de la famille. On peut donc s’interroger sur l’origine de ces innovations : hasard, universalité du langage ou contact de langues ? Or de récentes études (Matisoff 1991, Enfield, 2005 ont révélé l’existence d’une aire linguistique ou Sprachbund en Asie du Sud-Est continentale, i.e. une zone géographique dans laquelle des langues de familles linguistiques diverses partagent des traits structurels, généralement acquis par contact. Nous montrerons ainsi que, quoique rarement cité, le birman – langue tonale, à tendance isolante, à morphologie pauvre, sans flexion, faisant usage de classificateurs et très contextuelle – fait bien partie de cette aire linguistique.Burmese is indisputably part of Tibeto-Burman linguistic family, as many research in historical linguistics have proved it (see Benedict 1942, Shafer 1955, Matisoff 1973. However, this language exhibits phonological, morpho-syntactic, pragmatic or lexical features that are rare or non-attested in the other languages of the family. Therefore the issue is about the origine of these innovations: hazard, language universals or language contacts ? Recent studies études (Matisoff 1991, Enfield, 2005 have shown the existence of a linguistic area or Sprachbund in Mainland Southeast Asia, i.e. a geographical area where languages from different linguistic families share structural features, generally contact-induced features. In this paper, we show that Burmese, as a tonal language, isolating language with simple morphology, without agreement, using classifiers, and being an extremely contextual

  19. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est Groundwork for an Anthropology of Entrepreneurial Ethics in South-East Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghislaine Gallenga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus souvent ils oscillent entre deux pôles : d’une part la sociologie wébérienne du capitalisme industriel par le prisme de l’éthique religieuse et d’autre part l’approche substantiviste de Polanyi. Si les grilles d’analyse nées de ces débats ont été appliquées en majorité aux entrepreneurs issus de la diaspora chinoise, c’est la question de l’idéologie des entrepreneurs qui prédomine à travers le prisme des courants philosophiques et religieux qui leur servent de repères. Comment des valeurs et des idéologies sont-elles perpétuées, adaptées ou transposées par les directions d’entreprise ? Comment s’insèrent-elles également dans les micro-stratégies des acteurs locaux ? Comment l’éthique entrepreneuriale se décline-t-elle dans des établissements de statuts divers et dans des familles d’entrepreneurs ? Quelles images ces dernières construisent-elles et quelles sont les valeurs (morales, religieuses, etc. qui participent à la construction de cette éthique ? En d’autres termes, il s’agit d’observer des pratiques qui ont cours dans cette partie du monde et d’en comprendre les logiques au travers d’analyses anthropologiques. Ainsi, les contributions présentées dans ce numéro apportent à la fois des éléments de réponse et ouvrent d’autres pistes de réflexion pour concourir à esquisser ce que « éthique entrepreneuriale » peut recouvrir dans cette région du Sud-Est asiatique

  20. Evaluación del bienestar del elefante asiático (Elephas maximus) y del rinoceronte indio (Rinoceros unicornis) en cautividad a través del cortisol salivar

    OpenAIRE

    Menargues Marcilla, María Asunción

    2011-01-01

    La presente tesis estudia la medición del bienestar animal mediante el análisis del cortisol salivar como herramienta en el manejo de elefantes asiáticos y rinocerontes indios en parques zoológicos, para conocer y mejorar las condiciones de cautividad de estos animales con el fin de mejorar su bienestar. En este estudio se valida la técnica del análisis de cortisol salivar para las especies citadas y se analiza cómo afectan diversos estímulos estresantes al bienestar de estos animales, como l...

  1. Perspectivas de la creación de un régimen monetario y comercial chino. Un análisis de la actuación de China en el sudeste asiático desde 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Mazuera Ángel, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    La presente monografía busca explicar el proceso a través del cual China, en calidad de potencia en el Sudeste Asiático, ha implementado reglas a su favor en las cuales su moneda y la competitividad de sus productos han resultado beneficiados. De esta manera, la teoría de la Estabilidad Hegemónica de Robert Gilpin, la cual plantea que los Estados poderosos buscan crear regímenes internacionales con el fin de promover sus propios intereses, es un instrumento para analizar una serie de acciones...

  2. Efeito do tratamento de sementes na redução da incidência e severidade da ferrugem asiática da soja, associado à pulverização foliar e a duas cultivares

    OpenAIRE

    Pimenta,Cláudia Barbosa

    2009-01-01

    O tratamento de sementes com fungicidas sistêmicos tem a vantagem de promover eficiente proteção na fase inicial da cultura. O mesmo tem sido utilizado há vários anos, visando o controle de fungos biotróficos em cereais. É de conhecimento que algumas doenças foliares podem ser manejadas através do tratamento de sementes com fungicidas sistêmicos. A ferrugem asiática da soja é uma das principais doenças que ataca a cultura da soja. Altenativas de manejo vêm sendo estudadas para ...

  3. « Хорошо где нас нет »L’émigration des « Russophones » d’Asie centrale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Thorez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available L’article aborde l’émigration des populations « russophones » d’Asie centrale depuis l’effondrement de l’URSS, en analysant les déterminants de la mobilité post-soviétique (crise économique, guerre civile, relations interethniques et en replaçant ce processus dans l’histoire migratoire récente. Il présente également les répercussions en Asie centrale de ce flux massif qui constitue un élément fondamental de la transformation post-soviétique.The present article deals with the emigration of Russian speaking population from Central Asia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It aims to analyze the determining factors of the post-soviet mobility (economic crisis, civil war, interethnic relations and to put this process into the recent history of migrations. In so doing, this paper explores the repercussions of this massive flow on Central Asia, which represents a fundamental aspect of the post-soviet transformation.

  4. Research and development of photovoltaic power system. Study of carrier dynamics in a-Si from optical and optoelectronic properties; Taiyoko hatsuden system no kenky kaihatsu. Amorphous silicon no koden tokusei to sono carrier dynamics no kogakuteki kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamakawa, K. [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering Science

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the result obtained during fiscal 1994 on research on an optical study of optoelectronic properties of amorphous silicon and its carrier dynamics. Studies have been performed on elucidation of the optoelectronic conversion mechanism in an a-Si film p-i-n junction system and the relationship of the mechanism with the optoelectronic properties. In the studies, optically induced defect level distribution was evaluated by using the modulated optical current spectroscopy, and confirmation was made on model forecast and qualitative agreement, such as large increase in neutral defect levels in association with beam irradiation. In research on elucidation of a film forming mechanism for a-Si based alloys, and material property control, a high-sensitivity reflective infrared spectroscopy was used to observe mechanisms such as treatments and processes given in device fabrication. In research on optical and optoelectronic properties of an s-Si alloy thin film by using the modulated spectroscopy, a new evaluation technology dealing with amorphous semiconductors was developed. The technology separately evaluates carrier migration factors of electrons and holes by combining polarization angle dependence of electro-absorption signals with hole migration measurements. 4 figs.

  5. Efeito de fungicidas sistêmico e protetores aplicados em diferentes estádios fenológicos no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja Effect of protectant and systemic fungicides applied at different growth stages on the control of soybean asian rust

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge da Silva Júnior; Pedro Milanez de Rezende; Eudes de Arruda Carvalho; Eduardo Alves; Edson Ampélio Pozza

    2009-01-01

    Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, verificar o efeito dos fungicidas oxicloreto de cobre, tiofanato metílico, tiofanato metílico + clorotalonil e clorotalonil em diferentes estádios fenológicos V6, R1, R5, V6 + R1, V6 + R5 e R1 + R5 no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja. O estudo foi conduzido na área experimental do Departamento de Agricultura da Universidade Federal de Lavras. Observou-se efeito significativo de controle da ferrugem asiática para todos os fungicidas avaliados. A aplicação de ...

  6. L’Asie insulaire, forte exportatrice de main-d’oeuvre féminine possède-t-elle un système migratoire propre ? Les cas indonésien, philippin et sri-lankais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Husson

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available L'Asie insulaire, forte exportatrice de main-d'oeuvre féminine possède-t-elle un système migratoire propre ? Les cas indonésien, philippin et sri-lankais.Les migrations de travail ont une longue tradition en Asie. Instaurées par les puissances coloniales européennes par le biais des contrats de travail, après l'abolition de l'esclavage, elles ont ainsi favorisé l'expansion de deux solides diasporas, l'une chinoise, l'autre indienne.Ce vaste continent qui abrite désormais 60 % de la population mondiale et les deux tiers de la force de travail mondiale demeure, pour longtemps encore, une zone de très forte mobilité.Trois pays, dont deux archipels et une île, les Philippines, l'Indonésie et le Sri Lanka, sont devenus, en l'espace d'une à trois décennies, les principaux exportateurs de main-d'œuvre à l'échelle mondiale. Ces politiques migratoires visent d'une part à réduire la pauvreté et le chômage et d'autre part à accroître les indispensables rentrées de devises par le biais des transferts financiers des migrants.La féminisation des flux migratoires est particulièrement marquée en Asie insulaire où la proportion de femmes avoisine les 70 % du total des migrantsThe labour migration have a long tradition in Asia. Migration, which were introduced by European colonial powers (through employment contracts, after the abolition of slavery, have encouraged the expansion of two solid diasporas, 'One China, one Indian. This vast continent, home now 60% of the world's population and two thirds of the global labor force, remains for a long time, a zone of very high mobility. Three countries, including two archipelagos and one island, the Philippines, Indonesia and Sri Lanka are now in the space of one to three decades, the main exporters of labour globally . The objective of these policies migration is a part of reducing poverty and unemployment, and secondly to increase the necessary cash currency,with financial transfers of

  7. Relación entre Incidencia y Severidad de la Roya Asiática de la Soya Causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow Relationship Between Incidence and Severity of Asian Soybean Rust Caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Rafael Garcés Fiallos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se relaciona la incidencia con la severidad de la roya asiática de la soya, donde los valores generados por las ecuaciones pueden ser usados en cualquier estudio de este patosistema, proporcionando una herramienta para evaluar la incidencia como también la severidad. Se generaron gradientes de la enfermedad mediante el uso de fungicidas y momentos de aplicación, de manera preventiva y curativa. El experimento de campo con el cultivar Nidera 5909 RG, fue distribuido en bloques completos al azar. La intensidad de la roya asiática fue medida en los estratos inferior, medio y superior de la planta, a través de diferentes conteos de incidencia (porcentaje y severidad (lesiones cm-2, urédias cm-2 y porcentaje en folíolos. Las regresiones realizadas, presentaron una correlación significativa entre incidencia y severidad a 1% de probabilidad. Con los datos obtenidos, el evaluador puede escoger el método de cuantificación mas razonable o confiable a su criterio para otros trabajos de investigación o aplicar un determinado control de la enfermedad, utilizando las ecuaciones lineales generadas, facilitando el trabajo de cuantificar la roya asiática, bien se busque medir la incidencia (% o el número de lesiones cm-2, urédias cm-2 o severidad (%.Incidence is related to severity of the Asian soybean rust, where values generated by the equations can be used in any study of this pathosystem, providing a tool to evaluate incidence as well severity. Gradients of the disease were generated by means of the use of fungicides and moments of application, in a preventive and curative way. The field experiment with the cultivar Nidera RG 5909, was distributed in a randomized complete block. The intensity of Asian rust layers was measured in the lower, middle and top of the plant, through various counts of incidence (percentage and severity (lesions cm-2, uredinia cm-2 and percentage in leaflets. The regressions showed a significant correlation between

  8. Balcı, Bayram, Missionnaires de l'Islam en Asie centrale. Les écoles turques de Fethullah Gülen, Istanbul-Paris, Institut Français d’Etudes Anatoliennes – Maisonneuve et Larose, 2003.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élizabeth Picard

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Au lendemain de la chute de l’Union Soviétique, la Turquie avait nourri de vastes ambitions en Asie centrale, dont la revue CEMOTI avait alors cerné l’intérêt dans une livraison (n° 14 de 1992 intitulée « La Turquie et l’aire turque dans la nouvelle configuration régionale et internationale ». Au début de son ouvrage passionnant, tiré d’une thèse de doctorat, Bayram Balcı rappelle lui aussi ces ambitions, en les inscrivant dans un riche passé dont la mémoire se nourrit du thème récurrent de ...

  9. Relationship between Plant Height, ASI and Ear Traits and Drought Resistance of Transgenic Corn%转基因玉米株高、ASI和穗部性状与抗旱性的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宝成; 刘成; 王天宇; 黎裕; 张登峰; 李亮; 唐怀君; 石云素; 宋燕春

    2012-01-01

    [目的]干旱是限制我国玉米生产的主要因素,利用转基因技术可有效提高玉米抗旱育种效率.对转基因玉米材料进行抗旱性鉴定评价,为筛选转基因玉米抗旱种质和转基因玉米抗旱育种提供科学依据.[方法]通过开花期干旱胁迫的方法,对61份转基因玉米材料进行抗旱性鉴定评价,研究转基因玉米材料ASI(散粉至吐丝的间隔期,天)、株高、产量与抗旱性的关系,受旱后粒重和穗重、轴粗和穗粗、百粒体积和百粒重等比值的变化;以及在受体基础上通过转基因提高玉米抗旱性的效果.[结果]正常灌水条件下株体适当、产量较高,而在受旱后株高下降少、ASI小的转基因玉米材料通常有较强的抗旱性,这与以往非转基因玉米的研究结果一致;无论受旱与否,玉米的穗粗和轴粗、穗重和粒重、百粒体积和百粒重之间存在显著的正比关系.[结论]转基因玉米的抗旱性在其受体基础上可提高25% ~53%,突破果穗和籽粒之间的正比关系可能是大幅提高玉米产量的一条关键途径.%[ Objective ] Drought is one of major factors to restrict China's corn production, and the application of transgenic technology can effectively improve the efficiency of corn drought breeding. [Method] Through the drought stress in period of flowering, and taking identification and evaluation of drought resistance on 61 transgenic corn materials, this paper studied the relationship between transgenic corn ASI, plant height, the yield and drought resistance, the change of these ratio on the kernel weight and ear weight, cob diameter and ear diameter, 100 - kernel volume and 100 - kernel weight affected by drought, and die effect of improving the drought resistance of corn by transgenosis on the basis of its receptor. [ Result] The experiments'results showed that in normal irrigation conditions, the yield was higher, but when affected by the drought later, die plant

  10. 应用土壤养分状况系统研究法指导香草兰施肥的试验研究%Application of ASI on Fertilization Technology in Vanilla

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华; 朱自慧; 庄辉发; 赵青云; 王辉

    2013-01-01

      以香草兰(Vanilla planifolia Andrews)作为指示作物,应用土壤养分系统研究法(ASI法)对海南省万宁市中国热带农业科学院香料饮料研究所槟榔-香草兰间作园土壤养分进行分析、评价,结果表明:土壤中N、K、Ca和Mg极度亏缺,亏缺顺序为Ca>N>K>Mg;针对香草兰营养特性和种植园土壤养分状况,建议应多施用碱性和中性肥料,如钙镁磷肥、尿素、氯化钾等,以补充N、P、K、Ca、Mg等元素的亏缺.ASI法应用于指导香草兰施肥,对S和P的临界值需根据香草兰的营养特性进行相应的矫正,以提高适用性.%The soil nutrients of the betel nut intercropping vanilla plantation in Institute of Spice and Beverage Research, CATAS were evaluated by the soil nutrient systematic approach (ASI) with the vanilla as an indicating crop. The results indicated that the nutrients of N, K, Ca and Mg in the plantation were in a very low level, and in the order of Ca>N>K>Mg. The alkaline and neutral fertilizers such as calcium magnesium phosphate, urea, potassium chloride should be used in the plantation so that the nutrients of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and other elements could be supplemented according to vanilla nutritional characteristics. The ASI is appli-cable in the research of vanilla, but the S and P threshold values should be corrected according to vanilla nutritional character-istics so as to improve its suitability.

  11. Selection strategies of segregant soybean populations for resistance to Asian rust Estratégias de seleção de populações segregantes de soja para resistência à ferrugem-asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliny Simony Ribeiro

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify the best selection strategies for the more promising parental combinations to obtain lines with good resistance to soybean Asian rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Two experiments were carried out in the field during the 2006/2007 and 2007/2008 growing seasons, to determine the percentage of infected leaf area of individual plants of five parents and their segregant F2 and F3 populations. The data obtained indicates that additive genetic variance predominates in the control of soybean resistance to Asian rust, and that the year and time of assessment do not significantly influence the estimates of the genetic parameters obtained. The narrow-sense heritability (h²r ranged from 23.12 to 55.83%, and indicates the possibility of successful selection of resistant individuals in the early generations of the breeding program. All the procedures used to select the most promising populations to generate superior inbred lines for resistance to P. pachyrhizi presented similar results and identified the BR01-18437 x BRS 232 population as the best for inbred line selection.O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as estratégias mais eficientes para selecionar as combinações parentais mais promissoras e obter linhas com bom grau de resistência à ferrugem-asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Dois experimentos foram realizados em campo nos anos agrícolas 2006/2007 e 2007/2008, para avaliar a percentagem da área foliar infectada em plantas individuais de cinco parentais e das suas populações segregantes F2 e F3. Os dados obtidos indicam que a variância genética aditiva predomina no controle da resistência da soja à ferrugem-asiática e que os anos e as épocas de avaliação não influenciaram significativamente as estimativas dos parâmetros genéticos obtidos. A herdabilidade no sentido restrito (h²r variou de 23,12 a 55,83%, o que indica a possibilidade de sucesso com a seleção de indiv

  12. 0.6-eV bandgap In0.69Ga0.31As thermophotovoltaic devices with compositionally undulating step-graded InAsyP1-ybuffers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Lian; Lu Shu-Long; Jiang De-Sheng; Zhao Yong-Ming; Tan Ming; Zhu Ya-Qi; Dong Jian-Rong

    2013-01-01

    Single-junction,lattice-mismatched In0.69Ga0.31 As thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices each with a bandgap of 0.6 eV are grown on InP substrate by metal-organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD).Compositionally undulating stepgraded InAsyPl-y buffer layers with a lattice mismatch of ~ 1.2% are used to mitigate the effect of lattice mismatch between the device layers and the InP substrate.With an optimized buffer thickness,the In0.69Ga0.31 As active layers grown on the buffer display a high crystal quality with no measurable tetragonal distortion.High-performance single-junction devices are demonstrated,with an open-circuit voltage of 0.215 V and a photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 6.9% at a short-circuit current density of 47.6 mA/cm2,which are measured under the standard solar simulator of air mass 1.5-global (AM 1.5 G).

  13. A refletância na estimativa do efeito de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja The reflectance in the estimate of the effect of fungicides in the control of asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre José da Silva

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Medidas de refletância têm apresentado resultados eficientes para avaliar a eficiência de fungicidas, além de ser um método prático e rápido. O objetivo do trabalho foi comparar medidas de refletância com o método de avaliação visual para avaliar a eficiência de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja e quantificar a relação com a produtividade. O ensaio foi instalado na Fazenda Escola da UEL, cv. BRS 133, em delineamento de blocos ao acaso com 07 diferentes fungicidas, em 04 repetições. Foram realizadas duas pulverizações, sendo a 1º no estádio R2 (3% de severidade e a segunda em R5.1, 20 dias após. Avaliou-se visualmente a severidade de ferrugem asiática e calculou-se a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD. Também, avaliou-se a produtividade final e a percentagem de radiação solar em 810 nm (R810 com o uso de radiômetro de multiespectro e calculou-se a área abaixo da curva de progresso da radiação (AACPR. O coeficiente de determinação (R2 para regressão entre as variáveis AACPD x produtividade foi 0,79, entre AACPR x produtividade foi 0,90 e AACPD x AACPR foi 0,89. A utilização de refletância (R810 permitiu a separação dos tratamentos fungicidas em três grupos distintos, sendo epoxiconazol com menor eficiência, metconazol, tebuconazol e piraclostrobina + epoxiconazol foram classificados como intermediários e os mais eficientes foram, azoxistrobina + ciproconazol e picoxistrobina + ciproconazol.Measurement of reflectance has been shown an efficient, pratical and quick method to evaluate the efficiency of fungicides, in disease control. The objective of the work was to compare the use of reflectance measurement with visual disease assessment method to evaluate the efficiency of fungicides for the controlling Asian soybean rust relating the assessment data with yield. The assay was carried out in the Farm School of UEL, with the soybean cv. BRS 133, in randomized block design

  14. Efeito do número de aplicações de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja = Effect of the number of fungicide applications on the control of Asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Bandeira Barros

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do número de aplicações foliares de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática, em cultivares de soja. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2003/04, em Viçosa, Estado de Minas Gerais. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram: testemunha sem aplicação, uma aplicação realizada no estádio R5, duas aplicações (R4 e R6 e três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6, utilizando-se a mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole e carbendazin. Após a analise de variância e teste de médias, verificaram-se reduções significativas de 91,6 e 97,5% naseveridade de ferrugem asiática e de 100 e 86,8% na porcentagem de desfolha, no tratamento de três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6 da mistura dos fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, nas cultivares Vencedora e Conquista, respectivamente. Houve retardamento do ciclo, redução na porcentagem de abortamento de vagens e aumento no massa de 100 sementes nos tratamentos com aplicações de fungicidas em ambas as variedades. Altas produtividades foram obtidas nos tratamentos com três aplicações da mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, não sendo, entretanto, verificadas diferenças significativas entre os tratamentos com uma, duas ou três aplicações do fungicida carbendazin.This work aimed to evaluate the effect of the number of leafapplications of fungicides on the control of the Asian soybean rust. The experiment was carried out at the 2003/04 cropping season, in Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experimental design was a randomized block design, consisting of four replicates. The following treatments: control without application, one application at stage R5; two applications at R4 and R6; and three applications at R4, R5 and R6. The fungicides pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole and carbendazin. After it analyzes her of variance and test of averages, it was

  15. Les défis du secteur de l’énergie en Europe de l’Est et en Asie centrale : une évaluation de 18 ans de coopération économique suisse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Bonvin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Secrétariat d’Etat à l’économie (SECO suisse travaille depuis 1992 dans les secteurs de l’énergie d’Europe de l’Est et d’Asie centrale, où il a financé 41 projets pour un total de 316 millions CHF. En 2009, une évaluation indépendante a été commandée afin d’établir les effets de ces projets dans la région et d’en tirer des enseignements pour le financement de projets ultérieurs. Le rapport d’évaluation estime que les projets sont très satisfaisants en termes de pertinence ; satisfaisants en termes d’efficacité et de durabilité ; et, en raison de facteurs externes liés à la gouvernance, à la transparence et à la stabilité politique dans certains des pays, généralement peu satisfaisants en termes d’efficience. Les enseignements tirés des projets fructueux serviront à améliorer les interventions futures. Les gouvernements disposent de moyens financiers limités et tentent de trouver un équilibre entre la sécurité énergétique et la durabilité environnementale. Le SECO soutiendra cette mission en contribuant à réduire la consommation inefficiente, à augmenter la part des énergies renouvelables, à renforcer la durabilité des entreprises de service public et à élaborer des politiques énergétiques efficaces.

  16. Desigualdade social, crescimento urbano e hanseníase em Manaus: abordagem espacial Desigualdad social, crecimiento urbano y hanseníasis en Manaus (Norte de Brasil: abordaje espacial Social inequality, urban growth and leprosy in Manaus: a spatial approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsia Nascimento Belo Imbiriba

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a epidemiologia de hanseníase segundo a distribuição espacial e condições de vida da população. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico baseado na espacialização da hanseníase em Manaus (AM, entre 1998 e 2004. Os 4.104 casos obtidos do Sistema de Informações de Agravos de Notificação foram georreferenciados de acordo com a localização dos endereços em 1.536 setores censitários urbanos, por meio de quatro técnicas: correios (73,7% dos endereços encontrados; Programa de Cadastro de Logradouros (7,3%; Programa Saúde da Família (2,1% e folhas de coleta do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (1,5%. Para cálculo do coeficiente de detecção utilizou a população de 2001. Na análise espacial foi aplicado o método bayesiano empírico local para produzir uma estimativa do risco da hanseníase, suavizando o efeito da flutuação das taxas, quando calculadas para pequenas áreas. Para análise da associação entre espacialização e fatores de risco empregou-se a regressão logística, tendo como variáveis explicativas a ocorrência de casos em menores de 15 anos (indicador de gravidade e o Índice de Carência Social construído a partir das variáveis do Censo 2000. RESULTADOS: O coeficiente de detecção apresentou-se hiperendêmico em 34,0% dos setores e muito alto em 26,7%. A medida de associação (odds ratio referente às variáveis explicativas foi significativa. A combinação de baixa condição de vida e ocorrência em menores de 15 anos foi adotada para identificar as áreas prioritárias para intervenção. CONCLUSÕES: A análise espacial da hanseníase mostrou que a distribuição da doença é heterogênea, atingindo mais intensamente as regiões habitadas por grupos em situação de maior vulnerabilidade.OBJETIVO: Analizar la epidemiología de hanseníasis según la distribución espacial y condiciones de vida de la población. MÉTODOS: Estudio ecológico basado en la especialización de la

  17. Enzimas marcadoras de indução de resistência diferencialmente reguladas em soja resistente e suscetível à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebréia Oliveira Almeida

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, por meio de enzimas marcadoras, a indução de resistência à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja em genótipos de soja contrastantes quanto à suscetibilidade a Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Aproteína total e as atividades de cinco enzimas marcadoras da indução de resistência (lipoxigenases, peroxidases, fenilalanina amônia-liase, quitinases e β-1, 3-glucanases foram avaliadas em extratos de folhas de plantas de soja dos genótipos Embrapa 48 (suscetível e PI 561356 (resistente, submetidas à inoculação ou não com o patógeno. Foram observadas respostas de defesa discrepantes entre os dois genótipos e entre os tempos de coleta (12, 72 e 168 horas após inoculação. A resposta de indução dessas enzimas assemelha-se à defesa bifásica, para Embrapa 48, e é consistente com o observado para outros patossistemas. No entanto, o genótipo PI 561356 respondeu com diminuição da concentração de proteína total e das atividades enzimáticas, o que indica redução do metabolismo geral das plantas infectadas. Há um importante mecanismo de resistência do genótipo PI 561356, ainda não relatado, embasado em vias que envolvem essas enzimas marcadoras e em mecanismos que utilizam menor concentração de proteínas, como os de via metabólica de resposta em cascata.

  18. L’anglicité dans la fiction de l’Asie du sud-est : les exemples de Paul Theroux et de Yasmine Gooneratne Englishness in South-East Asian Fiction: the Cases of Paul Theroux and Yasmine Gooneratne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüdiger Ahrens

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available De nos jours, la notion d’anglicité est devenue cruciale tant pour le Royaume-Uni que pour les nombreux pays du monde, dans lesquels vivent des citoyens libres et indépendants, qui participent à sa définition. La relation à la culture anglophone, en particulier en Asie, est le produit de l’histoire, et les relations politiques qu’entretiennent les pays indépendants avec l’ancienne métropole se déclinent de façon extrêmement variée, tant dans leur relation à la langue anglaise en tant que moyen de communication que dans la notion d’ethnicité. Le roman de Paul Theroux, Kowloon Tong (1998, en est un bon exemple. Il explore les conséquences du retrait brutal et affligeant d’une compagnie de textile anglais lors de la cession de Hong Kong à la Chine en 1997. Alliant les genres du roman historique, détective et sentimental, il met en scène l’opposition entre les valeurs traditionnelles britanniques qui se retirent et celles de la nouvelle classe dominante chinoise. Yasmine Gooneratne, écrivain du Sri Lanka, insiste, elle aussi, sur les conflits culturels, soit en s’inspirant du thème de son propre déplacement de Colombo à Sydney, en opposant au tourisme de masse les formes enchanteresses du folklore d’autrefois, ou encore en proposant une rencontre entre un riche héritage colonial et l’indépendance toute récente du Sri Lanka des années cinquante et soixante. Ainsi se creuse chez les écrivains contemporains une distance grandissante vis-à-vis de ce que furent au cours des siècles passés les valeurs incontestées de l’anglicité.

  19. Epidemias de ferrugem asiática no Rio Grande do Sul explicadas pelo fenômeno ENOS e pela incidência da doença na entressafra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudinei Antonio Minchio

    Full Text Available RESUMO Estudou-se a interferência da variabilidade da variabilidade climática e do número de relatos de ferrugem asiática na entressafra sobre a epidemia da doença no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, durante 11 safras agrícolas. A ocorrência da doença foi obtida a partir de relatos apresentados no Consórcio Antiferrugem e dividida entre os períodos “Safra”, “Entressafra” e “Ano Todo”. Os dados das epidemias foram testados para correlação, via regressões polinomiais lineares e quadráticas, com as variáveis climáticas: precipitação pluvial, índice padronizado de precipitação - SPI, índice de oscilação sul - IOS e anomalia da Temperatura na Superfície do Mar - SST no Oceano Pacífico Tropical e número de ocorrências da doença no período de entressafra. Os índices que melhor explicaram a variação das ocorrências da doença para o período “Ano Todo” foram o SST e IOS, com coeficientes de determinação (R2 de 0,94 e 0,59, respectivamente. As ocorrências de ferrugem no período “Entressafra” influenciaram positivamente nas ocorrências no período “Safra”.

  20. Existe-t-il un ancrage spatial des minorités chrétiennes en Asie centrale ?Le poids du passé russo-soviétique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Peyrouse

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Les cinq républiques musulmanes d’Asie centrale, nées de l’implosion de l’URSS en 1991, constituent des exemples intéressants pour la problématique étudiée ici : elles invitent à reposer la question des minorités religieuses en terre d’islam en ne répondant pas au schéma classique et attendu sur la question. Elles prouvent qu’il existe des pays musulmans sans législation particulière envers les minorités religieuses, où la division entre communautés se fait plus selon des critères nationaux que strictement religieux, et où le marquage de l’espace garde avant tout le souvenir des brutales transformations urbaines exigées par un pouvoir soviétique qui niait toute expression de la foi. On ne peut en effet saisir le cas centrasiatique sans revenir sur le poids du legs russo-soviétique, aussi bien en matière de religion que d’urbanisme : les populations des cinq républiques vivent aujourd’hui dans un environnement urbain essentiellement européanisé, très marqué par la présence des non musulmans et où l’espace n’est que très peu un facteur de différenciation communautaire.

  1. Tont või asi! / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2008-01-01

    Õudusfilm "Pildid teispoolsusest" ("Shutter") : režissöör Masayuki Ochiai : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008. Film on uusversioon Tai õudusfilmist ( režissöörid Banjong Pisanthanakun, Parkpoom Wongpoom)

  2. Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics Database: ASIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics (HIS) is a National Park Service (NPS) Water Resources Division (WRD) project established to track certain goals created in...

  3. Asi pole ju ugrimugris / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese esinemist Hantõ-Mansiiskis toimunud soome-ugri maailmakongressil ning leiab, et kui president oleks oma kõne pidanud inglise keele asemel eesti või vene keeles, oleks ülistanud soome-ugri rahvaste õitsengut Venemaal ning poleks saalist lahkunud Venemaa riigiduuma väliskomisjoni esimehe Konstantin Kossatshovi kõne ajal, ei oleks see muutnud Venemaa hoiakut Eesti suhtes tervikuna. Autor leiab, et võibolla pööras maailm tänu Eesti presidendi pisukesele demaršile natuke tähelepanu soome-ugri rahvaste olukorrale Venemaal. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Venemaal 27.-30.06.2008

  4. Asi on otsustatud / [Sildnik, Sven] Kivisildnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivisildnik, pseud., 1964-

    2007-01-01

    18. märtsil 2007 kehtima hakanud UNESCO kultuuri väljendusvormide mitmekesisuse kaitse ja edendamise konventsioonist (Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions)

  5. Multifunctional a-Si PV systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peippo, K.; Lund, P.; Vartiainen, E. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Advanced Energy Systems

    1998-10-01

    The optimal use of the various forms of solar energy (passive, active, daylighting, photovoltaics) in buildings calls for an optimal integration of the technologies. As energy conservation potential in space heating may soon be exhausted, electricity efficiency and on-site generation will play an increasing role in energy-conscious building design. There, dispersed PV systems integrated into buildings show a significant market potential, due to a number of benefits: no extra land area is required, PV-array may replace conventional cladding materials and become a building element. Moreover, the produced PV-electricity is more valuable for the building owner than for an electric utility

  6. Islam et nationalisme en Asie centrale au début de la période soviétique (1924-1937. L'exemple de l'Ouzbékistan, à travers quelques sources littéraires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane A. Dudoignon

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available L'article étudie les littératures d'Asie centrale dans l'entre-deux-guerres comme source pour l'histoire politique de cette région, en particulier du point de vue des relations intercommunautaires, à l'intérieur de l'URSS comme en direction du monde islamique. La période s'ouvre en 1924 avec le découpage ethno-territorial de l'Asie centrale, sous l'égide de Staline, et se clôt en 1936 avec les grandes purges et la liquidation de toute pensée alternative. La littérature ouzbèque de ces années éclaire la permanence d'une identité politique turco-islamique, la redéfinition des relations intercommunautaires (entre musulmans et non-musulmans et, d'une manière plus générale, la revitalisation du libéralisme musulman. Ces questions seront abordées à travers l'œuvre en prose de Čulpân (1897-1938, laquelle, de 1924 à sa mort, est dominée par deux idées centrales : celle d'une solidarité politique des peuples turcs et musulmans de l'ex-Empire russe, et celle d'une continuation par le régime soviétique, en Asie centrale, de la politique de spoliation territoriale et de ségrégation économique menée par l'administration coloniale sous les derniers Romanov.

  7. Une histoire impériale connectée ? Hải Phòng : jalon d’une stratégie lyonnaise en Asie orientale (1881-1886

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Klein

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans la seconde moitié du xixe siècle, les milieux d’affaires lyonnais liés à l’industrie de la soie – les Soyeux – réussissent à ravir aux Britanniques le marché des soies d’Asie (Bengale, Chine et Japon. Dans un premier temps, sous la Monarchie de Juillet et le Second Empire (de 1843 à 1870, ils mettent en place une route française des soies asiatiques, système complexe alliant maisons de commerce, banques, entrepôts, infrastructures portuaires et ferroviaires. Afin de renforcer leur avance – et dans un contexte de tensions économiques majeures liées à la récession de la fin du xixe siècle – les Soyeux vont jeter leur dévolu sur le Tonkin, vu comme une porte ouverte sur les marchés pensés comme fabuleux du Yunnan et du Sichuan. Ces libéraux, regroupés autour de meneurs d’hommes charismatiques (Aynard et Pila vont entrer par capitaux interposés dans une logique de repli impérial qui succède à la logique du tout ouverture internationale des lendemains du traité de libre-échange de 1860. Dans les logiques – à la fois politiques et économiques – des Soyeux, le Tonkin apparaît comme une pièce maîtresse dans la partie de poker qui les oppose à leurs partenaires Britanniques dans ce « scramble » indochinois de cette fin de siècle, pendant asiatique de la course au Nil. Au cœur de cette stratégie impériale des Soyeux, le port d’Hải Phòng devient un enjeu majeur, un lieu où s’entrecroise la trame des capitaux et la chaine des réseaux de ces hommes d’affaires qui n’ignoraient rien des subtilités des us commerciaux particuliers de la mer de Chine.During the second half of the 19th century, the Silk businessmen of Lyon succeeded in wrestling the Asian silk markets (Bengal, China, and Japan from the British. At first, under the July Monarchy and the Second Empire (from 1843 to 1870, they created a French route for Asian silks, a complex system linking mercantile houses

  8. Infecção por clonorchis sinensis em imigrantes asiáticos no Brasil: tratamento com praziquantel Clonorchis sinensis infection in asian immigrants in Brazil: treatment with praziquantel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. H. M. Leite

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudaram-se quinze pacientes com infecção assintomática por Clonorchis sinensis, revelada através de exame parasitológico de fezes. Todos eram de origem asiática e procuraram o Laboratório Central do Instituto Adolfo Lutz para se submeterem a exames laboratoriais necessários à regularização de sua situação, face à nova legislação sobre imigrantes. Eram todos indivíduos adultos, seis pertencendo ao sexo feminino e nove ao masculino. Os quinze pacientes com clonorquíase foram internados no Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP e tratados com Praziquantel, na dosagem de 60 mg/kg de peso corporal, dividida em duas tomadas. Foram realizados exames coprológicos quantitativos (método de Kato-Katz, antes do tratamento específico e no 15º, 30º e 60º dias após a terapêutica. Na última avaliação (60? dia após terapêutica, em nove pacientes (60,0% não se encontraram ovos do trematódeo nas fezes e nos seis (40,0%, que continuavam eliminando ovos, notou-se redução na quantidade eliminada (superior a 90% em cinco e a 30% no paciente restante. Os pacientes foram também submetidos a exames subsidiários, para avaliação do estado geral e função hepática, antes da administração de Praziquantel e, posteriormente, no seguimento ambulatorial. A medicação foi relativamente bem tolerada pelos pacientes, verificando-se a ocorrência de efeitos colaterais representados por náuseas e vômitos (dois casos, vertigens e tonturas (dois casos, epigastralgia (dois casos e diarréia no 3? dia após tratamento (um caso.Fifteen adult patients with assymptomatic infection due to Clonorchis sinensis, diagnosed by coprological examination, were studied. They all came from Asia (twelve from Taiwan, two from South Korea and one from Hong Kong and were examined at the Adolfo Lutz Institute and the Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, in São Paulo, Brazil. Six patients were women and nine men. All

  9. ASIS Thesaurus of Information Science and Librarianship. ASIS Monograph Series. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milstead, Jessica L., Ed.

    This thesaurus covers the fields of information science and librarianship to a depth that will adequately support indexing, with coverage of related and peripheral fields as warranted by the strength of their relationship to information science and librarianship. Among the related fields are computer science, linguistics, and behavioral and…

  10. STATUS GIZI MIKRO BAYI DENGAN JENIS MAKANAN PENDAMPING ASI (MP-ASI BERBEDA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukati Saladin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Micronutrient Status of Infants With Different Kind of Complementary Feeding In Bogor District.Background: Breast milk as the main resource of nutrient intake for infants is sufficient only within the first six months period of their life. However for the next period it is necessary to be completed their nutrient intake by supplementary feeding since the excretion of breast milk become decreased.Objectives: To find out the figure of micronutrients status (vitamin A and iron based on serum retinol and hemoglobin (Hb and nutrition status (weight for age and length for age of infants consuming supplementary feeding made by mother at household level compare to those who received manufactured product.Methods: The design of the study is cross-sectional. The subjects of study were healthy infant, 2-10 months old, consuming breast milk and supplementary feeding.Results: There was no significant difference of the average of serum retinol of infants less than 6 months old received supplementary feeding made by mother (0.62 ± 0.2181 umol/L and those of manufactured product (0.71 ± 0.2051 umol/L.There was no significant difference of Hb value of both groups (10.4 ± 0.790 g/dl compared 10.6 ± 1.191 g/dl. According to z-score point there was also no significant difference of nutrition status based on indexes of weight for age (+ 0.010 ± 0.983 compared + 0.067 ± 1.029 and length for age (-0.510 ± 1.291 compared - 0.409 ±1 .291 of infants received supplementary feeding made by mother compared to those of manufactured. The average of serum retinol of infants >6 months old received manufactured supplementary feeding was significantly higher (p < 0.05 than those of made by mother (0.81 ± 0.258 umol/L compared 0.64 ± 0.218 umol/L. There was no significant difference (p>0.05 of Hb value of infants received supplementary feeding made by mother and those of manufactured (10.5 ± 1.210 g/dl compared 10.7 ± 1.195 g/dl. Z-score point showed significant difference of nutrition status based on indexes of weight for age (0.323 ± 1.163 compared - 0.914 ± 0.896 and length for age (- 0.559 ± 1.184 compared 1.242 ± 0.844 of infants received manufactured supplementary feeding compare to those of made by mother.Conclusions: The effect of manufactured supplementary feeding was significantly better to improve micronutrient status especially serum retinol and nutrition status based on weight for age and length for age of infant >= 6 months old than those of made by mother.Keywords: micronutrient status, nutrition status, supplementary feeding.

  11. Óleos essenciais no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd. Essential oils used in the control of asian soybean rust Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regiane Medice

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o potencial de óleos essenciais na inibição da germinação de urediniósporos de Phakopsora pachyrhizi e na redução da severidade dos sintomas da ferrugem asiática em casa-de-vegetação. O experimento foi conduzido em duas etapas. Na primeira, foram adicionados em placas de Petri contendo 10 mL de meio de cultura agar-água óleos essenciais de Corymbia citriodora (eucalipto citriodora,Cymbopogon nardus (citronela,Azadirachta indica (nim e Thymus vulgaris L (tomilho nas concentrações 1%, 0,5%, 1% e 0,3%, respectivamente para cada óleo. Em placas controles foi adicionado 1mL de água. Sobre as placas foram adicionados 100µL de urediniósporos na concentração de 5 mg/mL de água. As placas foram incubadas por 4 horas a 25ºC e logo depois avaliada a porcentagem de germinação. Na segunda etapa, em casa-de-vegetação, os óleos foram aplicados nas mesmas concentrações em plantas de soja, cultivares MG/BR46 (Conquista e Suprema, aos 7 dias antes, 15 e 30 dias depois da inoculação. Os parâmetros avaliados foram incidência e número de pústulas por cm² de área foliar. Foram também coletadas folhas para preparação de amostras para microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Constatou-se que os óleos nas concentrações utilizadas inibiram 100% a germinação dos urediniósporos em meio ágar-água. Em casa-de-vegetação observou-se que todos os óleos retardaram a evolução da doença quando comparado com o controle, sendo que a severidade foi reduzida em média de 34,6 a 60,7% na cultivar MG/BR46 (Conquista e de 45,7 a 62, 3% na cultivar Suprema, em relação ao controle. Nas observações em MEV observou-se que houve murchamento dos urediniósporos, quando tratados com óleo de tomilho. Para os demais tratamentos observou-se apenas redução no tamanho das urédias. Com isso podemos inferir que os óleos essenciais utilizados têm potencial para reduzir o ataque do fungo em plantas

  12. 8º Congreso Internacional de la Química de los Cementos Comité Científico Euro-Asiático 1ª Reunión del 14 de Septiembre de 1981 en París

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    Calleja, Jose

    1981-09-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    En lo que sigue, el autor, asistente por España a la 1.ª Reunión en París del Comité Científico Euro-Asiático para la preparación y organización del 8.° Congreso Internacional de la Química de los Cementos (Río de Janeiro, Julio de 1986, como miembro de dicho Comité, da cuenta, para conocimiento de científicos y técnicos de habla hispana, especialistas o interesados en la Química del Cemento, de los asuntos tratados en la citada Reunión, así como de los acuerdos de principio adoptados en ella.

  13. Fotovoltaik Uygulamalar için GLAD Tekniği ile Büyütülen Spiral Nano Şekilli a-Si İnce Filmlerin Elektriksel ve Yapısal Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi

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    Beyhan TATAR

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Spiral nano şekilli a-Si ince filmler c-Si altlıklar üzerine elektron demeti buharlaştırma sistemi içerisinde GLAD tekniği kullanılarak hazırlanmıştır. Spiral nano şekilli ince filmlerin yapısal özellikleri X-ışınları difraksiyonu (XRD analizi ve Raman spektroskopi analizi ile belirlendi. Büyütülen spiral nano şekilli a-Si ince filmlerin yüzey ve arakesit morfolojileri Alan Emisyonlu Taramalı Elektron Mikroskobu (FE-SEM ile incelendi. Spiral nano şekilli a-Si/c-Si heteroeklemlerin elektrik ve fotovoltaik özellikleri karanlık ve aydınlık şartlarda akım-gerilim ölçümleri ile incelendi. Bariyer yüksekliği ΦB, ideallik faktörü ɳ, seri direnç Rs ve şant direnci Rsh gibi spiral nano şekilli a-Si/c-Si heteroeklemlerin karanlık şartlardaki diyot parametreleri I-V karakteristiklerinden belirlendi ve sırasıyla 0,82 eV, 3,34, 1,9 kΩ ve 0,17 MΩ olarak bulundu. Spiral nano şekilli a-Si/c-Si heteroeklemler iyi bir fotovolataik davranış göstermiş ve açık devre gerilimi ve kısa devre akım yoğunluğu gibi fotovoltaik parametreleri sırasıyla Voc=300mV ve Jsc=0,12 mA/cm2 olarak elde edilmiştir.

  14. Development of wider bandgap n-type a-SiOx:H and μc-SiOx:H as both doped and intermediate reflecting layer for a-Si:H/ a-Si1-xGex:H tandem solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Po-Wei; Chen, Pei-Ling; Tsai, Chuang-Chuang

    2016-07-01

    In this work, we developed a-SiOx:H(n) and μc-SiOx:H(n) films as n-type layer, intermediate reflecting layer (IRL), and back-reflecting layer (BRL) to improve the light management in silicon thin-film solar cells. In the development of SiOx:H films, by properly adjusting the oxygen content of the films, the optical bandgap of μc-SiOx:H(n) can be increased while maintaining sufficient conductivity. Similar effect was found for a-SiOx:H(n). In a-Si:H single-junction cells, employing a-SiOx:H(n) as the replacement for a-Si:H(n) resulted in a relative efficiency enhancement of 11.4% due to the reduced parasitic absorption loss. We have also found that μc-SiOx:H(n) can replace back ITO layer as BRL, leading to a relative efficiency gain of 7.6%. For a-Si:H/ a-Si1- x Ge x:H tandem cell, employing μc-SiOx:H(n) as IRL increased the current density of top cell. In addition, employing a-SiOx:H(n) as a replacement of a-Si:H(n) in the top cell increased the current density of bottom cell due to the reduction of absorption loss. Combining all the improvements, the a-Si:H/ a-Si1-xGex:H tandem cell with efficiency of 9.2%, V OC = 1.58 V, J SC = 8.43 mA/cm2, and FF = 68.4% was obtained. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  15. Analysis of IR transmission spectra and hypothesis of bond-centered H diffusion in a-Si: H thin films during light-induced thermal annealing%氢化非晶硅薄膜的红外光谱分析和桥键氢扩散假设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周怀恩; 朱秀红; 胡跃辉; 马占杰; 张文理; 李瀛; 陈光华

    2005-01-01

    通过红外透射光谱研究了在光诱导退火中退火条件对氢化非晶硅薄膜的结构和光电特性的影响,实验所用样品采用热丝辅助微波电子回旋共振化学气相沉积方法制备.我们用桥键氢扩散模型来解释退火中的不同现象.样品的红外光谱在630和2000cm-1处的吸收系数有所增加,说明了原先的成键氢发生了移动和溢出,我们认为通过光诱导产生载流子的非辐射复合以及桥键氢和深俘获氢原子的交换,产生了大量的桥键氢原子,它们相互结合形成分子氢,氢溢出要优于氢团聚.%The effect of light-induced thermal annealing at low temperature on the structure and electronic properties of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si : H ) as a function of annealing conditions was studied by FTIR spectra method. The deposition of a-Si: H films was performed by using microwave electron cyclotron resonance (MW ECR) plasma with the assistance of tungsten filament. In this study, the infrared spectroscopy results show the interesting changes under the different annealing condition. The increase in the transmission coefficient at both 630 and 2000cm-1 indicates that bonded hydrogen moved and effused from the amorphous network. The bond-centered (BC) H diffusion model is used to explain the H elimination phenomenon, we argue that the BC H atoms formed by the nonradiative recombination of photo-induced carriers and the exchange between BC H and deeply trapped H produce more and more BC H atoms, the BC H atoms will recombine each other and form molecular hydrogen, the process of H elimination is prior to monohydride clustering and/or bonds switching.

  16. Dengue in Southeast Asia: epidemiological characteristics and strategic challenges in disease prevention Dengue no Sudeste Asiático: características epidemiológicas e desafios estratégicos na prevenção da doença

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eng-Eong Ooi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Dengue emerged as a public health burden in Southeast Asia during and following the Second World War and has become increasingly important, with progressively longer and more frequent cyclical epidemics of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever. Despite this trend, surveillance for this vector-borne viral disease remains largely passive in most Southeast Asian countries, without adequate laboratory support. We review here the factors that may have contributed to the changing epidemiology of dengue in Southeast Asia as well as challenges of disease prevention. We also discuss a regional approach to active dengue virus surveillance, focusing on urban areas where the viruses are maintained, which may be a solution to limited financial resources since most of the countries in the region have developing economies. A regional approach would also result in a greater likelihood of success in disease prevention since the large volume of human travel is a major factor contributing to the geographical spread of dengue viruses.A dengue emergiu como problema de saúde pública no Sudeste Asiático durante e após a Segunda Guerra Mundial, e vem se agravando cada vez mais, com epidemias cíclicas progressivamente mais longas e freqüentes de dengue e de febre hemorrágica da dengue. Apesar dessa tendência, a vigilância dessa virose transmitida por vetores permanece basicamente passiva na maioria dos países do Sudeste Asiático, sem apoio laboratorial adequado. O artigo apresenta uma revisão dos fatores que podem ter contribuído para a mudança no perfil epidemiológico da dengue na região, além de discutir os desafios para a prevenção da doença. Analisa-se também uma abordagem regional para a vigilância ativa dos vírus da dengue, focando as áreas urbanas onde eles se mantêm, o que pode representar uma solução à limitação de recursos financeiros, uma vez que a maioria dos pa��ses da região tem economias em desenvolvimento. Uma abordagem

  17. Patrones de colonización y ecología de poblaciones de dos bivalvos invasores (mejillón cebra Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 y almeja asiática Corbicula fluminea Müller, 1774 en un tramo lótico del Ebro medio (Castejón, Navarra.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MORALES, J., FLECHOSO, F., LIZANA, M., NEGRO, A.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los bivalvos dulceacuícolas son un componente importante de la ecología fluvial, fundamentalmente por el papel que desempeñan como organismos filtradores y de remoción del sedimento. Además son un grupo zoológico diverso y amenazado a escala global, en el que se incluyen algunas de las especies invasoras más dañinas. El estudio de sus poblaciones es imprescindible para conocer el estado de conservación de las comunidades bentónicas. Para esto se prospectaron 17 parcelas vadeables y 7 escolleras a lo largo de 7,38 km de meandros del río Ebro en Castejón (Navarra, tanto el cauce principal como en brazos secundarios de corriente permanente y/o temporal. El mejillón cebra Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 se encontró en 7 escolleras y 6 parcelas. El sustrato preferente fueron rocas (85%, donde la densidad resultó 0,31-5,45 mejillones/m2; el 2,6% se hallaron sobre plásticos agrícolas abandonados. En las escolleras sólo el 3,6% de los ejemplares eran juveniles y un 33% tenían una edad > 4 años. La almeja asiática Corbicula fluminea Müller, 1774 se encontró en todas las parcelas. La densidad resultó muy diferente en los tres tipos de ambientes fluviales con valores máximos de 15.100 almejas/m2, lo que constituye un nuevo máximo fluvial en Europa. Se encontraron subpoblaciones de almeja asiática con diferentes estructuras de edad según los ambientes fluviales, además de poblaciones menos numerosas en el brazo principal del río que en los otros tipos. Los resultados muestran que junto a estas especies alóctonas en expansión, con altas tasas de reclutamiento, se encuentra una estructura poblacional muy precaria para las autóctonas, de las cuales únicamente se localizaron 12 náyades vivas y ningún esférido.

  18. Tetraphenylhexaazaanthracenes: 16π Weakly Antiaromatic Species with Singlet Ground States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantinides, Christos P; Zissimou, Georgia A; Berezin, Andrey A; Ioannou, Theodosia A; Manoli, Maria; Tsokkou, Demetra; Theodorou, Eleni; Hayes, Sophia C; Koutentis, Panayiotis A

    2015-08-21

    Tetraphenylhexaazaanthracene, TPHA-1, is a fluorescent zwitterionic biscyanine with a closed-shell singlet ground state. TPHA-1 overcomes its weak 16π antiaromaticity by partitioning its π system into 6π positive and 10π negative cyanines. The synthesis of TPHA-1 is low yielding and accompanied by two analogous TPHA isomers: the deep red, non-charge-separated, quinoidal TPHA-2, and the deep green TPHA-3 that partitions into two equal but oppositely charged 8π cyanines. The three TPHA isomers are compared.

  19. HUBUNGAN PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DENGAN KARAKTERISTIK SOSIAL, DEMOGRAFI DAN FAKTOR INFORMASI TENTANG ASI DAN MP-ASI (Studi di Kota Padang dan Kabupaten Solok Provinsi Sumatera Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermina Hermina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although the important of breast milk has been well known world wide, the number of exclusive breastfeeding is still low in most countries, including Indonesia. This research objective is to identify social demography characteristic and the influence of breast milk and weaning food information to 6 months exclusive breastfeeding in West Sumatera. Methods: Cross-sectional study design has been used. Population of this study was house holds and samples that had been chosen by simple randomized were mothers who had a baby aged 6–12 months (n = 637. Variables that had been analyzed were sample identity, information factor of breast milk and weaning food promotion and other supportive factors. To compare categorical variable which was respondent characteristic of exclusive breast milk and non-exclusive breast milk group, chi-square test had been used. Results: It is found a significant relationship between having information about breast milk and weaning food status and breastfeeding practice. Also it shows a significant relationship between colostrum feeding status and the continuing breastfeeding practice. However, there is no significant relationship between social-demography characteristic and the place of getting breast milk/weaning food information, the information for breast milk/weaning food, interpersonal contact about breast milk/weaning food and type of media information about breast milk/weaning food and breast feeding practice. Conclusion: having information of breast milk/weaning food, also colostrum feeding status are factors that influence breastfeeding status in West Sumatera. However, the place and medical birth delivery helper have less association to exclusive breast feeding practice. Key words: Exclusive breastfeeding, Breast milk and Weaning Food information, Social-demograhy Characteristic

  20. Mis asi on OÜ Visible Solutions? / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek

    2011-01-01

    Kunstiteos-ettevõtte OÜ Visible Solutions (juhatus: Sigrid Viir, Taaniel Raudsepp, Karel Koplimets) näitus "Adam Smithi Lemmik Nähtamatu Käsi Puuris" Tartu Kunstimajas 18. dets.-ni 2011. Kunstiprojekt firmast, mille tegevuse objekt on loomemajanduse kritiseerimine, mida tehakse viimase toimeloogika kunstiväljal eksponeerimise abil

  1. Ainuke püsiv asi on muutumine / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2008-01-01

    Taani audiovideotehnikat disainivast firmast Jacob Jensen Design. Jacob Jenseni (sünd. 1926) asutatud büroo loomingut tutvustab tema poeg Timothy Jacob Jensen (sünd. 1962). Eesti disaini tasemest, Jaapani disainitoodangust. Esikaanel ja lk. B3 fotod Timothy Jacob Jensenist

  2. Kelle asi on eesti keel? / Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärismaa, Sirje, 1958-

    2015-01-01

    8. oktoobril toimunud 7. keelefoorumist, mis oli vahearuandeks "Eesti keele arengukava 2013–2017" elluviimiseks. Keelenõukogu ettepanekutest valitsusele. Keelefoorumil avaldasid oma seisukohti eesti keele olevikust ja tulevikust ka praegune ja neli endist haridusministrit

  3. Multifilm kui tõsine asi / Marko Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Marko

    1998-01-01

    Esilinastus 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  4. "Kalevi naised" - mis asi see oli? / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Produtsent Kristian Taska Kalev Spordis näitamiseks valminud Venezuela seebiseriaali Eesti oludele mugandatud "Kalevi naised" esimene osa (lavastaja Ingomar Vihman, osades Maria Avdjushko, Jan Uuspõld, Britta Vahur)

  5. El nexo asiático: APEC Y ASEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HADI SOESASTRO

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de la estructura internacional de hoy en día existen tres centros que se han ido configurando como importantes polos de desarrollo: América, Europa y Asia. De los tres, este último es quizás el más débil, aunque también se presenta como una región de grandes oportunidades. A partir de la configuración de APEC, a finales de los ochenta, Asia ha intentado establecer relaciones con la cuenca del Pacífico y, a partir 1996, con Europa, su relación más débil dentro de este esquema tripolar. Si en Europa el núcleo de la región es la Unión Europea, en América lo es el NAFTA, que reúne a Estados Unidos, México y Canadá y que podría convertirse en el embrión de una gran área de libre comercio en las Américas (ALCA. En Asia, aún no existe un núcleo formal. Este artículo describe como la región se encuentra en un proceso de formación de su identidad, y como de su resultado depende la posición y relaciones que se darán entre los tres polos ya mencionados

  6. Kasumlikkus kui kunst. Neurolingvistika kui hirmus keeruline asi / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Adrian Slywotzky. Kasumlikkuse kunst. Tallinn, 2003 ja Anthony Robbins. Sisemine jõud. Tartu, 2003. Vt. samas: Rets. rmt.: Leif Edvinsson. Ettevõtluse pikkuskraadid. Avastusretk teadmusmajandusse. Tallinn, 2003. Kommenteerib Arvo Pihl

  7. Asi läheb tõsiseks / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Harry Potteri viies film "Harry Potter ja Fööniksi ordu" ("Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix") : režissöör David Yates : stsenarist Michael Goldenberg : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  8. Battue ou chasse à courre, en Somalie ou en Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Frécon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Le second semestre 2008 a été marqué par une explosion des actes de piraterie au large de la Corne de l’Afrique. Les efforts déployés en réaction se sont révélés être si désordonnés qu’ils risquent de ne pas être très efficaces. Plus à l’est, les riverains du détroit de Malacca ont réussi à chasser les pirates. Cependant, ce succès souvent montré en exemple demeure relatif et en aucun cas dû aux seules patrouilles mises en place.Since last August, there were markedly more attacks registered off the Horn of Africa. The lack of coordination between the numerous initiatives is making surveillance operations inefficient. Further in the east, the littoral States along the Malacca Straits have managed to expel the pirates. Nevertheless, this success – often showed as an example – is not total. Moreover, it is not only due to the sea and air patrols.

  9. Spazio ASI, INFN e Nobel Ting a caccia di antimateria

    CERN Multimedia

    Boz,

    2003-01-01

    "Una apparecchiatura per la ricerca dell' antimateria che nell'autunno del 2005 sara' installata sulla Stazione Spaziale e' al centro di un accordo di collaborazione tra l'Agenzia Spaziale Italiana e il Nobel Samuel Ting, del Mit e del Cern di Ginevra, firmato oggi a Roma (1 page).

  10. Perbedaan Kenaikan Berat Badan pada Bayi yang Mendapat ASI Eksklusif dengan ASI Parsial di Puskesmas Jetis Kota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asti Norma

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Current conditions in developing countries was approximately 10 million infants were dying. These may be pressed by exclusive breastfeeding, because breastfeeding has been proven to improve the health status of the baby. Based on the baseline study conducted in Puskesmas Jetis Kota, the results of four infants exclusively breastfed resulted in weight gain between 4.800 to 6.100 grams while six partially breastfed infants weight gain between 3.350 to 5.250 grams. The purpose of this study was to determine differences of weight gain in infants between exclusive and partial breastfeeding at Puskesmas Jetis Kota. The study was an inductive study with cross-sectional design. The sampling technique was done by total sampling resulting on 20 couples of mothers and babies who had been exclusively breastfed or received partialy breastfed.This study was conducted at Puskesmas Jetis Yogyakarta on February until March, 2015 and analyzed using “t” test analysis. The results showed that weight gain of exclusively breastfed infants was 8.200 grams and the average of increase in weight gain in infants who are breastfed partial was 7.990 grams. There was 210 gram weight gain more higher in infants with exclusively breastfed. In conclusion, there was no significant differences weight gain in infants with exclusively breastfed and partially breastfed infants.

  11. Stabilized efficiency of stacked a-Si solar cell; Sekisogata a-Si taiyo denchi no anteika koritsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T.; Nakamura, K.; Koyanagi, T.; Yanagisawa, T. [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Different types of tests combining light and temperature were carried out in a laboratory on predicting long-term performance of stacked amorphous silicon solar cells. Cell terminals were left open, xenon was used as an irradiation light source, and cell temperature was controlled within {+-} 2 degC of the setting. The result of the experiment may be summarized as follows: with regard to the deterioration characteristics, the speed in which the efficiency changes reached a maximum within 10 hours, and thereafter the change has slowed down gradually in the case of temperature at 50 degC; in the case of 25 degC, the maximization is reached between 500 and 1000 hours; the stabilization efficiency turns out to be a pessimistic value according to the saturated value derived from an experimental expression, hence the value would have to be expressed by specifying cell temperatures, light intensities and elapsed time; the minimum value of seasonal variation may be estimated at about 85% as a pessimistic value; for recovery characteristics, the saturated value for the recovery tends to become lower as the lower the value immediately before the recovery; and if the light intensity is varied, the deterioration characteristic shifts to that at an individual light intensity. 4 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. The Afro-Asian cyclopoid Mesocyclops aspericornis (Crustacea: Copepoda in eastern Mexico with comments on the distribution of exotic copepods El cyclopoide afro-asiático Mesocyclops aspericornis (Crustacea: Copepoda en el este de México con comentarios sobre la distribución de copépodos exóticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Suárez-Morales

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Afro-Asian freshwater copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis (Daday, 1906, deemed as an exotic species in the Americas, is known to occur disjunctly in Mexico, South America, and the insular Caribbean. Adult females of this species were recorded.from samples collected in the state of Veracruz, on the Atlantic coast of Mexico.The morphology of these specimens is identical in most characters to those described or depicted in previous taxonomic accounts. The 3 known Mexican populations belong to the "western" group of M. aspericornis. The subtle morphological variations among the Mexican populations and their isolation suggest that each could be the result of independent events of dispersion or introduction via aquaculture. This is the third confirmed report of M. aspericornis in Mexico, but the first one in the Atlantic side of Middle America. The states of Tabasco and Chiapas harbour 3 of the 4 species of exotic freshwater copepods known to occur in Mexico.El copépodo dulceacuícola afro-asiático Mesocyclops aspericornis (Daday, 1906, considerado como especie exótica en América, se sabía presente de modo disperso en México, Sudamérica y en las islas del Caribe. A partir de muestras recolectadas en el estado de Veracruz, en la costa del Atlántico de México, se registraron hembras adultas de esta especie. La morfología de estos ejemplares es idéntica en la mayoría de los caracteres a la descrita o ilustrada en trabajos taxonómicos previos. Las 3 poblaciones conocidas en México pertenecen al grupo "occidental" de M. aspericornis. Las sutiles variaciones morfológicas entre las poblaciones mexicanas y su aislamiento sugieren que cada una podría ser resultado de eventos independientes por dispersión o introducción vía la acuacultura. Este es el tercer registro confirmado de M. aspericornis en México, pero el primero en Mesoamérica en el lado del Atlántico. Los estados de Tabasco y Chiapas alojan 3 de las 4 especies de copépodos ex

  13. Alterações nos fatores de competição da indústria calçadista exportadora devido à entrada de competidores asiáticos Changes in competitive factors in footwear export industry due to arrival Asian producers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Medeiros Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma análise das modificações observadas entre 1990 e 2008 nos fatores de competição vigentes na indústria calçadista do Vale do Rio dos Sinos voltada à exportação para grandes redes de varejo nos Estados Unidos. Essas alterações resultam das novas condições de competitividade que lhes foram impostas pela entrada de competidores asiáticos, principalmente chineses, no mercado. Foi utilizada a metodologia do estudo de caso exploratório qualitativo. As principais técnicas de pesquisa foram a entrevista semiestruturada e o grupo focado com gestores especialistas. Foram entrevistados gestores praticantes e especialistas acadêmicos com atividades nas empresas. Como resultado, observou-se que os atores do processo de produção para exportação de calçados aumentaram a importância das dimensões diversidade de modelos, qualidade, inovação, velocidade e flexibilidade de produto e reduziram a importância das dimensões volume de produção e preço de venda. As dimensões design, performance e pontualidade permaneceram inalteradas. A principal contribuição do artigo é desvelar elementos que permitam a formulação de hipóteses para estudos futuros, mais completos, acerca do impacto das alterações mercadológicas sobre fatores competitivos e estratégia de produção.The paper presents an analysis of the changes observed in competitive factors in the footwear industry aimed at the Brazilian-based export industry, due to the arrival of Asian producers, the Chinese in particular, in the market. The research method was a qualitative exploratory case study. The main research techniques were semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Managers, experts and academics involved in the companies participated. As a result, we discovered that the impact of these new producers has been to sharpen the following competitive dimensions: diversity of models, quality, innovation, speed of delivery and flexibility. The

  14. Prevalência de HIV em gestantes e transmissão vertical segundo perfil socioeconômico, Vitória, ES Factores asociados a recidiva en hanseníasis en Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil HIV prevalence in pregnant women and vertical transmission in according to socioeconomic status, Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Caroline Barbosa Cerqueira Vieira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical, segundo o perfil socioeconômico dos bairros de residência das mães. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico exploratório utilizando a base de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação de gestantes HIV-positivas e aids em crianças notificadas entre 2000 e 2006 em Vitória, ES. Para análise das informações socioeconômicas foi utilizado o Índice de Qualidade Urbana. A prevalência de HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical foram calculadas. A distribuição espacial dos casos foi realizada no programa Terraview 3.2.0. Para verificar a associação entre a qualidade urbana e a prevalência de HIV em gestantes utilizou-se o modelo de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: Um total de 137 gestantes e 14 crianças infectadas por transmissão vertical foi notificado no período. Sete crianças correspondiam a mães HIV-positivas sem notificação de caso no período analisado. A prevalência de infecção em gestantes no período foi de 0,44% e a taxa de transmissão vertical foi de 9,7%. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a transmissão vertical associam-se à qualidade urbana do bairro de residência, indicando que os bairros com menor qualidade urbana devem ser priorizados quanto às ações para redução da transmissão vertical.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados a la ocurrencia de recidiva en hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo caso-control con 159 pacientes mayores de 15 años diagnosticados con hanseníasis en cinco municipios del Estado de Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil, cuyas unidades de salud eran consideradas de referencia para el atendimiento. El grupo de casos incluyó 53 individuos con recidiva de 2005 a 2007 y fue comparado con el grupo control (106 con alta por cura en 2005, pareados por sexo y clasificación operacional. Se usaron datos del Sistema de Informaci

  15. Fatores associados à recidiva em hanseníase em Mato Grosso Factores asociados a recidiva en hanseníasis en Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil Factors associated to relapse of leprosy in Mato Grosso, Central-Western Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores associados à ocorrência de recidiva em hanseníase. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo caso-controle com 159 pacientes maiores de 15 anos diagnosticados com hanseníase em cinco municípios do estado de Mato Grosso, cujas unidades de saúde eram consideradas de referência para o atendimento. O grupo de casos incluiu 53 indivíduos com recidiva de 2005 a 2007 e foi comparado ao grupo controle (106 com alta por cura em 2005, pareados por sexo e classificação operacional. Foram usados dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, prontuários e entrevistas. Utilizou-se regressão logística condicional e abordagem hierárquica. RESULTADOS: Após análise ajustada, mostraram-se associados à ocorrência de recidiva: indivíduos residentes em casas alugadas (OR = 4,1; IC95%:1,43;12,04, em domicílio de madeira/taipa (OR = 3,2; IC95%: 1,16;8,76, que moravam com mais de cinco pessoas (OR = 2,1; IC95% : 1,03;4,36, com transtorno de uso de álcool (OR = 2,8; IC95%: 1,17;6,79, irregularidade do tratamento (OR = 3,8;IC95%: 1,44;10,02, sem esclarecimento sobre a doença/tratamento (OR = 2,6; IC95%: 1,09;6,13, que usavam transporte coletivo para o acesso à unidade de saúde (OR = 5,5; IC95%: 2,36;12,63, forma clínica da doença (OR = 7,1; IC95%: 2,48;20,52 e esquema terapêutico (OR = 3,7; IC95%: 1,49;9,11. CONCLUSÕES: Os fatores preditivos de recidiva relacionam-se com condições de moradia, hábitos de vida, organização dos serviços de saúde, formas clínicas e esquemas terapêuticos. Cabe aos serviços de saúde oferecer orientações adequadas aos pacientes, bem como garantir a regularidade do tratamento.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados a la ocurrencia de recidiva en hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo caso-control con 159 pacientes mayores de 15 años diagnosticados con hanseníasis en cinco municipios del Estado de Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil, cuyas unidades de salud eran

  16. 2.7" a-Si TFT矩阵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊绍珍; 盂志国; 代永平; 周祯华; 张建军; 李庄诚; 卢桂章

    1993-01-01

    本文报导了a-Si TFT矩阵的制备及其性能。TFT的有源层是在一高真空低漏气体的分室连续沉积PECVE系统中制备而得,本文详细研究了漏气体与换气体对TFT的关态电流的影响。在目前水平下可使Ioll,(V0=-5V)降至1010A的数量级。本文同时研究了提高开态电流的若干途径及实验结果。为获得高性能参数啊矩阵,I层及其与SiNx绝缘层的界面是至关重要的。所研究矩阵含196×144个元件,该TFT的宽长比(W/L)为10:1。我们组装了a-Si TFT-LCD样品,采用的是常规TN型液晶材料,驱动方式采用准静态驱动,用计算机控制该类AM-LCD的显示动作,可得到良好的显示效果。

  17. QAWL QADIM DAN QAWL JADID TENTANG HAJI DAN UMRAH DALAM MAZHAB ASY SYAFI’IY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goloman Nasution

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: For further explanation given to the Prophet SAW that throughout his life every case and the problems that arise can be resolved based on the Qur'an and Sunnah. However, in subsequent periods, the community and development changes so rapidly. Islamic empire expanded and the friends were scattered to various regions along with the current expended  they do. Besides active in jihad and preach, the companions also assume responsibility for leading reference Fatwa and religious information. In the next period as a reference responsibilities shifted to the figures Tabi'in onwards to the mujtahid of the next generation. Syafi'iy Ash, who was born in Palestine in Gaza major H 150 in Mecca, long enough to learn by Imam Malik in Medina, had worked in Yemen, several times came to Baghdad and finally died in Egypt in 204 AH Syafi'iy Ash in the famous schools of the terms and Qawl qadim Qawl Jadid. The main problem discussed in this paper how the development of Islamic legal thought in the schools Ash Syafi'iy of Hajj and Umrah. Examples of changes from the fatwa Syafi'iy Ash and Qawl qadim Qawl Jadid about Hajj and Umrah can be expressed in some topic of discussion with the tendency that the arguments in Syafi'iy Ash fatwa change the dominant use ra'yu than using verse or hadith as the basis. In general, faktors that influence these changes due to the fatwa theorem, both the Qur'an and hadith that are used, social conditions, culture, customs.  ملخص :القرآن أنزل على النبي محمد تحتوي على العقائد الأساسية، والأخلاق والقانون. لمزيد من التوضيح نظرا لأنه رأى النبي طوال حياته كل حالة من الحالات والمشاكل التي تنشأ لا يمكن أن تحل على أساس القرآن والسنة. ومع ذلك، في الفترات اللاحقة، وتنمية المجتمع والتغيرات بهذه السرعة. الإمبراطورية الإسلامية الموسعة والأصدقاء كانت متناثرة في مناطق مختلفة جنبا الى جنب مع انتشار الحالي لما فعلوه. إلى جانب نشط في الجهاد والدعوة، والمرافقون أيضا تحمل مسؤولية قيادة مرجعية الفتوى والمعلومات الدينية. في الفترة المقبلة باعتبارها مسؤوليات المرجعية انتقلت إلى الحرف صديق وهلم جرا إلى المجتهد للجيل القادم. مدرسة الإمام هذا واحد ولد في فلسطين في قطاع غزة الكبرى 150 ه في مكة المكرمة، وهي فترة كافية ليتعلم من الإمام مالك في المدينة المنورة، وقد عملت في اليمن، عدة مرات وجاء الى بغداد، وأخيرا توفي في مصر سنة 204 ه في هذه المدرسة الشهيرة في الفترة السابقة والقول القول الجديد. المشكلة الرئيسية التي نوقشت في هذه الورقة كيفية تطوير الفكر القانوني الإسلامي في مدرسته عن الحج والعمرة. أمثلة على التغيرات التي طرأت على فتوى من الأحكام السابقة وأحكام الحج والعمرة يمكن التعبير عنه في بعض الموضوع مطروح للنقاش مع احتمال أن تكون حجته في فتواه تغيير المهيمنة استخدام رءي  من استخدام الآية أو الحديث كأساس. في العام، العوامل التي تؤثر هذه التغييرات نتيجة لنظرية الفتوى، فإن كلا من القرآن والحديث التي يتم استخدامها، والظروف الاجتماعية، والثقافة، والعادات.Kata Kunci: qawl qadim, qawl jadid, haji, umrah.

  18. asy and asyip: A new type of apoptosis-inducing gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ Apoptosis, a wide physiological process in multicellular organisms, is critical for the organ development, the cell senescence, the tissue homeostasis and the resistance to infection of virus and bacteria. Apoptosis plays a key role in the regulation of the growth cell number such as the tissue construction, the elimination of abnormal or dangerous cells. Therefore, apoptosis is a stringent and effective cell quality controlling system, which reduces the number of harmful cells to the maximum, such as auto-immunity cell, cells infected by virus, tumor cells by cell suicide[1] . Apoptosis can be initiated by a wide variety of the extracellular and intracellular stimuli, including the developmental signals, the cellular stress and the disruption of cell cycle, transduced and amplified by the second messengers, and finally finished by the activating death effector protease. This process can be called apoptosis signal network. The defective in control of the apoptotic pathways may contribute to a variety of diseases including cancer, autoimmune and neurodegenerative conditions[2,3].

  19. ASI: Dunaliella marine microalgae to drop-in replacement liquid transportation fuel

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Weicheng

    2013-09-11

    Microalgae are a promising biofuels feedstock, theoretically yielding concentrations of triacylglycerides (TAGs) per unit area that are far higher than traditional feedstocks due to their rapid growth. Dunaliella is particularly advantageous as a feedstock because it is currently commercially mass cultured, thrives in salt water, and has no cell wall. Fourteen strains of Dunaliella have been investigated for growth rates and lipid production in mass culture and tested for enhanced lipid production under a range of environmental stressors including salinity, pH, nitrogen and phosphorus limitation, and light regime. The nuclear genome has been sequenced for four of these strains, with the objective of increasing carbon flux through genetic engineering. Electroflocculation followed by osmotic membrane rupturing may be a very energy and cost efficient means of harvesting the lipid bodies from Dunaliella. A technically feasible and scalable thermo-catalytic process to convert the lipids into replacements for liquid transportation fuels has been developed. The lipids were converted into long-chain alkanes through continuous thermal hydrolysis followed by fed-batch thermo-catalytic decarboxylation. These alkanes can be reformed into renewable diesel via conventional catalytic hydrocarbon isomerization reactions to improve cold flow properties, if desired. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 32: 916-925, 2013 Copyright © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog.

  20. Reflections on receiving the ASIS&T 2016 Award of Merit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingwersen, Peter

    2016-01-01

    originator. Ingwersen observed that his own areas of research in interactive information retrieval (IR) and scientometrics/webometrics have come together as converging lines of interest, though research and analysis are often restricted by system and feature limitations. Experimentation, Ingwersen stated...

  1. ASSESSMENT OF ERYTHROCYTE PERIPHERAL BLOOD AND ACTIVITY OF HEMOST ASIS IN PATIENTS WITH CER VICAL CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. I. Stuklov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the availability and informative value of methods that facilitate the diagnosis, cervical cancer (CC does not lose its leading position as one of the most common cancers of the reproductive system in women worldwide. High prevalence of anemia and thrombotic complications in this group determines not only the quality of life of patients, but the outcome of the underlying disease. The purpose of the study was to determine the patterns of change in erythrocyte of peripheral blood and the state of vascular-platelet and coagulation hemostasis in patients with cervical cancer depending on the stage of disease and histological variant of the tumor.Materials and methods. We investigated the performance of erythron, thrombocytic and coagulation hemostasis in 74 patients with cervical cancer (mean age 46,49 ± 11,78 years. Blood analysis was performed in the initial evaluation of patients in the prehospital phase.Results. It is proved that the spread of the tumor outside the cervix exerts a systemic influence on hematopoiesis, hemostasis, significantly increasing the risk of venous thromboembolism and hematogenous dissemination of the disease (metastasis. In the case of adenocarcinoma and dimorphic (glandular-squamous cervical cancer we proved the significant increase in soluble fibrin-monomer complexes, fibrinogen, and with glandular-squamous-cell cervical cancer and hypercoagulability (decrease thrombin time, which requires mandatory and differentiated prevention of venous thromboembolism even in the early stages of these morphological variants of the disease.Conclusions. Cervical cancer has a systemic effect on the blood and hemostasis. A statistically significant decrease in the concentration of hemoglobin and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate is determined in the second stage of the disease. The increase in the prevalence of cervical cancer and the presence of glandular component in the morphological structure of the tumor was significantly associated with increased thrombosis.

  2. Recherche en sciences humaines sur l'Asie du Sud-Est

    OpenAIRE

    Baffie, Jean; Brac de la Perrière, Bénédicte; Buyse, Nicolas; Couderc, Pascal; Dartigues, Laurent; Évrard, Olivier; Formoso, Bernard; Fourniau, Charles; Heryanto, Ariel; Hidalgo Nuchera, Patricio; Huetz de Lemps, Xavier; Husson, Laurence; Lemps, Xavier Huetz de; Lotz, Fabien; Manguin, Pierre-Yves

    2014-01-01

    Moussons porte son regard sur le Sud-Est asiatique (insulaire et continental) et ses marges indiennes et chinoises. Revue comparative et interdisciplinaire, elle accueille l'ensemble des sciences humaines et sociales, plus particulièrement l’anthropologie, la sociologie et l’histoire contemporaine. Revue biannuelle, Moussons publie, en français et en anglais, des articles, des notes de recherche et des comptes rendus d’ouvrages.

  3. Modo de producción asiático, estado y sociedad Inca

    OpenAIRE

    Tantaleán Arbulú, Javier

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este ensayo es presentar los orígenes teóricos de algunas de las aproximaciones para el estudio de los inkas con un balance crítico. para luego exponer ciertos límites del análisis en la interpretación de la sociedad pre-colombina.

  4. El estado minoico y el modo de producción asiático

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro GÓMEZ FUENTES

    2009-01-01

    La observación atenta de los datos arqueológicos y escritos de Creta a lo largo de las etapas del bronce permiten vislumbrar la existencia de un estado débil, de un estado en formación, que correspondería a los periodos Minoico antiguo (?) y Minoico medio, para pasar a un mayor control y a una mayor centralización en los primeros pasos del bronce reciente. Esto es así, y es lo que se intenta demostrar, porque también es débil la estructura interna del sistema productivo. El estado está en un ...

  5. Peeter Jalakas : Elamine on väga isiklik asi / Anu Aaremäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaremäe, Anu

    2007-01-01

    Stephen Hawkingi raamatu "A Brief History of Time" aineline lavastus "Õnne valem", helilooja Gavin Bryars, autor ja lavastaja Peeter Jalakas, Tallinna tollilaos. Von Krahli Teatri lavastaja etenduse sünnist, endast, ökoloogilisest mõtlemisest, teatri tulevikuplaanidest

  6. PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI DAN PEMBERIAN MINUMAN/MAKANAN PADA BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titiek Setyowati

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey had collected data on infant feeding practice for each of the children born in five years preceding the survey. A great majority of the children ever had breastfeeding (96-97%, and more than half started within the first day. The median duration of breastfeeding was estimated at 23.9 months. Among infants under 4 months, 53% were exclusively breastfed, and the median duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 1.7 months. Supplementary feeding was introduced very early in infancy. Among infants under 4 months 14% were given supplementary liquids (plain water, water with sugar or honey, fruit juice, tea, starch water and non-breast milk and 28% were given supplementary foods (mashed foods or porridge.

  7. Peningkatan Kecerdasan Anak Melalui Pemberian ASI dalam al-Qur’an

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Hanafi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Todays health researchs prove that the breast milk contains a lot of content that is not found in milk formula, especially immunologic substances. Breast milk contains anti-infective agents that are clean and free of contamination. Immune substances that exist in immunoglobulins, secretory, and lactoferrin as well as the presence of factors that can stimulate Lactobacillus bifidus to protect baby’s digestive tract. Lately also known that breast milk can increase children’s intelligence. It could be due to nutritional milk, methods, or durations of breastfeeding. Research shows that a Taurine, Decosahexanoic acid (DHA and Arachidonic acid (AA exist in breast milk is very useful in the formation of the baby’s brain cells and accelerate the stimulus from the receptor organ to the brain, so that the response can be given in a fast time. Yet long before the WHO, researchers and human rights activists has been intensifying exclusive breastfeeding, the Koran was first called to breastfeed h}awlayn kâmilayn two full years. The Relevances between the activity of breastfeeding for two full years and the brain development of baby will be discussed in this paper.

  8. Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Motivasi Ibu Berhubungan dengan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif pada Ibu Bekerja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Utami Listyaningrum

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the most problem related to successful exclusive breastfeeding is returning to work after maternity leave. Work and other factors might influence exclusive breastfeeding. It is still found that working mothers do not breastfeed even though their family and their working environment support them. This research is to find out the correlations between mother’s level of knowledge, mother’s motivation and the exclusive breastfeeding among working mothers in PT. Globalindo Intimates Klaten. This research was a quantitative one with a descriptive analytic design. A total sampling method was used to collect the data from as many as 37 working mothers having six-month-old to two-year-old babies. The data were collected in May 2015. The result is indicate that there was a positive correlation between mother’s knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding and the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. The Fisher’s Exact Test with the confidence level of 95% and α 0.05 data analysis indicate that the p-value is 0.022. The result also indicate that indicate that there was a positive correlation between mother’s motivation and exclusive breastfeeding with p-value of 0.003. Conclussion, there was a positive correlation between mother’s knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding and mother’s motivation with practice of exclusive breastfeeding among working mothers in PT. Globalindo Intimates Klaten.

  9. Asi on tõsisem kui välja lastakse paista / Lembit Türnpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Türnpuu, Lembit, 1934-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti riikliku üdhariduskooli õppekava puudustest, soomlaste hinnangust sellele (Hinnang eesti õppekavale. Kokkuvõte õppekava üldosa ja ainekavade tugevatest ja nõrkadest külgedest. 1999. Opetushallitus)

  10. Integration of Solar Cells on Top of CMOS Chips Part I: a-Si Solar Cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, Jiwu; Kovalgin, Alexey Y.; Werf, van der Karine H.M.; Schropp, Ruud E.I.; Schmitz, Jurriaan

    2011-01-01

    We present the monolithic integration of deepsubmicrometer complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) microchips with a-Si:H solar cells. Solar cells are manufactured directly on the CMOS chips. The microchips maintain comparable electronic performance, and the solar cells show efficiency values

  11. ASI: Dunaliella Marine Microalgae to Drop-In Replacement Liquid Transportation Fuel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Microalgae are a promising biofuels feedstock, theoretically yielding concentrations of triacylglycerides (TAGs) per unit area far higher than traditional feedstocks due to their rapid growth. Dunaliella is particularly advantageous as a feedstock because it is currently commercially mass cultured,...

  12. Two Facets of Our Instructional Television Production: Asi se hace el vino

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozete, Oscar; And Others

    1976-01-01

    The making of a minute, color videocassette tape on winemaking is described. The tape is bilingual with Spanish and English on separate audio tracks and is accompanied by a complete script. Pedagogical and production considerations in the making of the tape are discussed. (RM)

  13. Geometric Light Confinement in a-Si Thin Film Solar Cells on Micro-Structured Substrates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, de M.M.; Rath, J.K.; Schropp, R.E.I.; Sonneveld, P.J.; Swinkels, G.L.A.M.; Holterman, H.J.; Baggerman, J.; Rijn, van C.J.M.

    2011-01-01

    In this work we propose and study a light trapping scheme for thin film silicon solar cells that is based on geometrical light trapping (instead of textures optimized for light scattering), using periodically arranged pyramidal structures with dimensions larger than the effective wavelength of light

  14. Rencontre ANRS des sites Asie du Sud-Est (Cambodge et Vietnam)

    OpenAIRE

    Hancart Petitet, Pascale

    2010-01-01

    Ces trois journées scientifiques à Hô Chi Minh Ville rassemblaient environ 150 personnes dont de nombreuses personnalités de la riposte au sida autour de Françoise Barré Sinoussi, prix Nobel de Médecine 2008 et Lien Truong Xuan, coordinatrice du ANRS Vietnam, amies et porteuses de projets communs depuis 25 ans. La complicité de ces deux femmes, célébrée à plusieurs reprises, semblait vouloir porter un message fort en cette période de démantèlement institutionnel de la recherche : le monde des...

  15. CAKUPAN IMUNISASI BALITA DAN ASI ESKLUSIF DI INDONESIA, HASIL SURVEI KESEHATAN NASIONAL (SURKESNAS 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supraptini Supraptini

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The 2001 Maternal and child health study (SKIA is a part of the 2001 National Household Health Survey (NHHS and carried out by National Institute of Health Research and Development. Ministry of Health. The NHHS 2001 is the sixth survey. The sample of the study is sub sample of National socio­ economic survey. The study  covers  26 provinces in Indonesia, excluded Aceh, Maluku and Papua provinces. The 2001 Mother and Child study is a nationally representative study of children under five and reproductive age women. A total of 25,072 households, 21,516 reproductive age women 15-49 were interviewed. Information about children under five including vaccination, breastfeeding, food supplement, and assistance  at delivery and place of delivery was also collected. The study found that complete immunization covered only 60-70%, indicating that 30-40% of the children had not received  basic immunization against six diseases: tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis and measles. The result showed that only 47% children 0-3 months were exclusive breastfed, and 6% children 6-7 months still had exclusive breastfed without food supplement. There were very importance to improve people knowledge about Posyandu activities include immunization for the children, and improve mothers knowledge about exclusive breastfed and food supplement for the babys.  Keywords: Immunization coverage, execlusive breastfeeding

  16. The Varieties of Religious Experience: Baptized Indians at Mission San Francisco de Asis, 1776-1821

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, Quincy D.

    2008-01-01

    Paseos, which are defined as trips away from the mission authorized by the Franciscan priests, were common among Indians baptized at Mission San Francisco during the period between 1700s to 1800s. Indians went on these journeys in order to harvest acorns and other wild foods, to hunt and fish, and to visit friends and family outside the mission.…

  17. Colloquium on Central Asia; Colloque sur l'Asie centrale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This colloquium on Azerbaijan was organized by the direction of international relations of the French Senate and the French center of foreign trade (CFCE). This document gathers the interventions of the participants and the debates with the audience following these interventions. The topics treated concern: - the present day political-economical situation of Central Asia countries (problem of borders, relations with Russia and China); - the economies of Central Asia countries: short term problems and medium-term perspectives; - the relations with the European Union (political, economical, trade and investments, perspectives); - the European energy stakes of Caspian sea (oil and gas reserves, development of hydrocarbon resources, exploitation and transport constraints, stakes for Europe and France); - TotalFinaElf company in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, enclavement problem); - the economical impacts of the TRACECA pathway (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia). (J.S.)

  18. Asi ei ole kirjastamises, küsimus on kirjutamises / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Veelkord olukorrast eestikeelsete filmiraamatute vallas. (Vt. ka Sirbis 8. augustil ilmunud Jaak Lõhmus "Tumm tünnis ehk Kirjastaja helistas Kruusemendile" ja 15. augustil ilmunud Marge Liiske "Hakake kohe tegutsema!")

  19. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN VITAMIN B KOMPLEKS PADA IBU MENYUSUI TERHADAP KUALITAS AIR SUSU IBU (ASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djoko Kartono

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Deficiency in vitamin B complex during lactating period results in low level of the vitamins in the breast milk. In severe deficiency it can cause biochemical changes lead to development and growth retardation especially among exclusive breast feeding infant. A study was conducted in subdistrict Ciomas, district of Bogor amongst 73 lactating mothers of 0-5 months infants. They were grouped into treatment group (39 and control group (34. The treatment group received vitamin B complex contained 6 mg of vitamin B1, 6.5 mcg of vitamin B12 and 500 mcg of folic acid every day for three months and no intervention for control group. The dosage was five times higher than the recommended allowance for vitamin B1 and B12 and just in the recommended level for folic acid for lactating mothers of 0-6 month old infant. The aimed of this study was to know its effect on the breast milk composition, nutritional status and food consumption pattern of the mothers and their infant. There was no significant improvement in the level of vitamin B1, B12 and folic acid as the effect of the intervention. The level of vitamin B1 in breast milk was adequate for the infant based on the recommended allowance level for lactating mothers of 0-4 months exclusive breast feeding infant but not for vitamins B12 and folid acid. These results suggest either the dose is too low of the duration of supplementation too short. Keywords: supplementation, vitamin B complex, lactating mother, breast milk

  20. Otsalti süüasi rebis kaasa ka perekond Seli / Peeter Ernits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits, Peeter, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Tartu maakohus saatis politseiprefekt Aivar Otsalti kriminaalasja prokuratuuri tagasi, põhjendades seda lohaka uurimisega. Ärimees Neinar Selit kahlustab prokuratuur tulirelva padrunite andmises relvaloata isikule

  1. Preliminary validation of the French translation of the anxiety sensibility index-revised (ASI-R)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouvard, M; Ayxeres-Vighetto, A; Dupont, H; Aupetit, J; Portalier, S; Arrindell, W

    2003-01-01

    Anxiety sensitivity represents a stimulus-outcome expectancy that reflects individual differences in the propensity to experience fear in response to one's arousal related bodily sensations. It refers to the fear of anxiety related symptoms that are based on beliefs that such sensations have negativ

  2. LİVÂYÎ BEY MECMÛ‘ASI / JOURNAL OF LIWAI BEG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semra TUNÇ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Şiir mecmuaları Klasik Türk edebiyatı için önemli kaynaklardandır. Divanı bulunmayan pek çok şairin şiirlerinin yanı sıra divan sahibi şairlerin, divanlarını tertip ettikten sonra yazdıkları yahut değişik nedenlerle divanlarına almadıkları şiirlerine de mecmualarda rastlamak mümkündür. Diğer taraftan şiir mecmuaları, özellikle nazire mecmuaları sayesinde kimin kimden ne ölçüde etkilendiği, kimin üstat kimin talebe olduğu, kısacası Klasik Türk şiirinin zaman içindeki yürüyüşü daha net görülebilmektedir.Bu çalışmayla, gerek yukarıda işaret etmeye çalıştığımız konularda gerekse daha başka alanlarda edebiyat tarihine katkı sağlayacağı düşünülen bir şiir mecmuası ele alındı. Şair ve kâtip Livâyî tarafından 965/1557’de tertip edilen bu mecmua, Mısır Millî Kütüphanesi Türkçe Yazmalar Bölümü 182’de kayıtlıdır. Seçme bir nazire mecmuası denebilecek söz konusu derleme;  Mecmuaların Sistematik Tasnifi Projesi’ne (MESTAP [1]  uygun tabloyla araştırmacıların istifadesine sunulmaktadır[1] MESTAP; Prof. Dr. Mehmet  Fatih KÖKSAL’ın teklifi ve örnek çalışmasıyla başlattığı, çeşitli üniversitelerde görevli konuya ilgi duyan  öğretim elemanlarının  gönüllü olarak desteklediği  bir projedir. “Projenin hedefi, öncelikli olarak şiir mecmûaları, nihaî olarak da edebiyatla ilgili –cönkler de dâhil olmak üzere– bütün mecmuaların ayrıntılı tasnif ve dökümlerinin yapılmasıdır.” (Köksal 2012b: 422. Projenin hayata geçirilebilmesi maksadıyla Prof. Dr. Köksal’ın önderliğinde  -Atatürk Kültür Merkezi Başkanlığının da destekleriyle- Ankara’da 30 Haziran 2012’de Osmanlı Şiirinin Hazineleri: Mecmualar ve Cönkler  konulu bir çalıştay düzenlendi.  Türkiye genelinde mecmua ve cönkler hakkında  çalışan/çalışmakta olan 39 bilim insanının katıldığı çalıştayda; konunun önemi, mahiyeti ve projenin özellikle Türk edebiyatı/şiir tarihi araştırmalarına sağlayacağı katkı üzerinde duruldu,  üniversitelerde  yapılacak lisansüstü çalışmalar ve sair bilimsel yayınlarla  desteklenmesi kararına varıldı. Çalıştaydan sonra ise üniversitelerde yapılan/yapılmakta olan çalışmaların araştırmacıların hizmetine sunulabilmesi için bir veritabanı oluşturuldu. Konuyla ilgili çalışmalar veri tabanında paylaşılmaktadır. Bilgi için bk: http://mecmualar.tr.gg/MESTAP-Projesi-Hakk%26%23305%3Bnda.htm 

  3. Computed tomography of sacro-iliac joints; Tomodensitometrie des articulations sacro-iliaques (ASI)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miquel, A.; Laredo, J.D. [Hopital Lariboisiere, 75 - Paris (France)

    1995-12-31

    Actual technologies to explore sacro-iliac joints are conventional radiography, computed tomography , scintigraphy and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Standards films are sufficient, except in beginning sacro-iliac septic inflammations where the computed tomography is superior. Two problems are generally posed for the radiologist, to differentiate a septic arthritis from a rheumatic pathology An other problem in diagnosis is to make the difference between a degenerative arthropathy (which does not need a further investigation) and an infectious rheumatic pathology where more exploration is necessary. 28 refs., 3 tabs., 13 figs.

  4. Tenencia segura, servicios y hábitat. Experiencias asiáticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Marulanda Montes

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo hace una breve presentación de tres proyectos en Asia, que se constituyen como alternativas capaces de suministrar un desarrollo equitativo para gente que habitaba en asentamientos precarios; representan innovaciones sociales, institucionales y urbanísticas. El valor de las propuestas radica en su modestia, pues tratan de responder a situaciones difíciles con realismo. Se identificaron algunos denominadores comunes para que estos proyectos resultaran exitosos: la tenencia y seguridad de la tierra, los esfuerzos que se han hecho para incorporar a los inquilinos informales en las redes de la infraestructura urbana y la vivienda que en muchas soluciones se presta para un mejoramiento continuo e incremental. Los ejemplos aportan lecciones que pueden contribuir a solucionar problemas de escasez, calidad de vivienda y hábitat para familias de estratos bajos y marginados. Pueden servir como referencia y modelo para los gobiernos, el sector privado y la sociedad civil interesada en la construcción de una ciudad sostenible. Soluciones y conceptos aplicados en otras partes del mundo pueden llegar a ser relevantes para América Latina y Colombia.

  5. Coastal Vulnrability (CVI) dataset for Assateague Island National Seashore (asis_shore)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A coastal vulnerability index (CVI) was used to map the relative vulnerability of the coast to future sea-level rise within Assateague Island National Seashore in...

  6. Structural models of a-Si : H with a low defect concentration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jarolimek, K.; Wijs, G.A. de; Groot, R.A. de; Zeman, M.

    2010-01-01

    We present a theoretical study of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) with a device quality hydrogen concentration of 11 at%. We used a first principle, parameters-free method. The interaction between the atoms was treated quantum mechanically within the density functional theory approximation.

  7. Preparation and Properties of a-Si :H Thin Films Deposited on Different Substrates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RAO Rui

    2007-01-01

    The effects of different substrates on the structure and hydrogen evolution from a-Si:H thin films deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition were studied, as well as the similar films exposed to an hydrogen plasma. Spectroscopic ellipsometry and hydrogen evolution measurements were used to analyse the effects of the substrate and hydrogen plasma on the films microstructure,thickness, hydrogen content. hydrogen bonding and hydrogen evolution. The hydrogen evolution spectra show a strong substrate dependence. In particular on crystalline silicon substrate, the formation of bubbles was observed. For different substrates, hydrogen plasma treatments lightly affected the hydrogen evolution spectra. These results indicate that the action of hydrogen in a-Si:H was modified by the nature of the substrate.

  8. Escurecimento interno de pêra asiática 'Ya Li' durante o armazenamento refrigerado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRACKMANN AURI

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A pêra 'Ya Li' apresenta escurecimento da polpa poucos dias após o armazenamento refrigerado. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar condições de armazenamento visando a diminuir os danos pela baixa temperatura inicial em peras 'Ya Li'. As condições iniciais estabelecidas foram: 1 0ºC; 2 5ºC, nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 0,7ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 3 10ºC nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 4 10º C nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias, sempre em atmosfera controlada (2,0kPa de O2 e < 1,0kPa de CO2; 5 10ºC nos 10 dias iniciais, com posterior exposição direta dos frutos a 0ºC. Em seqüência aos tratamentos iniciais, os frutos foram submetidos ao armazenamento refrigerado a 0ºC, com exceção do tratamento "4" que foi mantido continuamente em atmosfera controlada. Após 52 dias de armazenamento, verificou-se escurecimento interno, superior a 68% em todos os tratamentos. As temperaturas mais elevadas, no início, não evitaram a ocorrência do escurecimento durante o armazenamento.

  9. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay seroreactivity among healthy Indian donors and its association with other transfusion transmitted diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangeeta Pahuja

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of syphilis infection by Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA among blood donors in Delhi and to study their correlation with other markers of transfusion transmitted infections such as hepatitis C virus (HCV, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg so as to establish the utility of TPHA over and above venereal diseases research laboratory test (VDRL, not only as a marker for testing T. pallidum infection, but also as a marker of high risk behavior. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in the Regional Blood Transfusion Centre, Lady Hardinge Medical College and associated Sucheta Kriplani Hospital, New Delhi for a period of 2 years. Donated blood was screened for TPHA seroreactivity along with screening for anti HIV I and II, anti-HCV, HBsAg by third generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test. A total of 8082 serum samples of blood donors were collected from healthy blood donors in our blood bank. They were classified into two groups- test group and control group based on TPHA positivity. The co-occurrence of HBsAg, HIV and HCV infection were determined in TPHA positive blood donors (test group in comparison with TPHA negative blood donors (control group. Results: We found the TPHA seroreactivity to be 4.4% in Delhi′s blood donors. Nearly 8.2% (663/8082 of the donated blood had serological evidence of infection by at least one pathogen (syphilis/HIV/hepatitis B virus/HCV and 6.63% (44/663 donors with positive serology had multiple infections (two or more. Quadruple infection was seen in one donor, triple infection was seen in three donors and double infection was seen in 40 donors. Prevalence of HIV seroreactivity was found to be statistically significant and HCV seroreactivity statistically insignificant in TPHA positive group in comparison to TPHA negative group. Discussion: In our study, the

  10. The Reaction between a-Si and Mo in an a-Si TFT%a-Si TFT中钼与非晶硅之间的互作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵颖; 熊绍珍; 王宗畔; 孟志国; 代永平; 周祯华; 张建军; 姚伦

    1999-01-01

    本文报导当在室温下向非晶硅(a-Si)表面溅射钼(Mo)的过程中,Mo与非晶硅发生互作用的现象.该互作用要求一定的临界溅射功率与钼层厚度.其作用速率在a-Si界面为反应速率限制,而在与Mo交界面则为扩散速率限制.互作用生成非晶态钼硅Mo:a-Si合金.它可阻止铝(Al)向a-Si中扩散,同时可改善a-Si TFT的接触特性.当用Al/Mo作a-Si薄膜晶体管(a-Si TFT)的源和漏电极时,可提高开关电流比达7~8个数量级.

  11. POLA PEMBERIAN ASI, MP-ASI DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK USIA 1-2 TAHUN PADA KELUARGA ETNIS MADURA DAN ETNIS ARAB (Studi di Puskesmas Pegirian dan Puskesmas Perak Timur Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A'yun Eridha Firdhani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This research was an observational and conducted by cross-sectional design. The samples were 60 respondents, 30 samples taken from Arabic families in Puskesmas (the primary health centre/PHC of Perak Timur and 30 samples taken from Maduranese families in Pegirian PHC, Surabaya municipality. The variables in this research were mothers' age, mothers' education, family earnings, family size, number of children, mothers' nutritional knowledge,  the practice of breast feeding pattern (colostrum, pre-lacteal, exclusive breast-feeding, the substitution of breast-feeding and weaning food variety, prohibition and taboo for mothers and babies and children nutritional status. The data were analyzed descriptively. The results of this research were the characteristics of mothers, mostly education of the Maduranese mothers was primary school (76.7%, family earnings were less than UMR (56.7% and low in nutritional knowledge (93.3%. Meanwhile mostly education of the Arabics was senior high school (76.7%, family earnings were greater than UMR (80% and avarage in nutritional knowledge (43.3%. The giving pattern of colostrum did by respondents of Arabic (100%, and the giving pattern of pre-lacteal did by respondents of Maduranese (53.3%. The respondents of Maduranese (73.3% and Arabics (60% did not give exclusive breast-feeding and respondents of Maduranese (53.3% and Arabic (53.3% gave substitution of breast-feeding. Both ethnics of respondents didn't have differences for weaning food variety. Mostly the respondents had taboo for mothers but didn't have taboo for babies, furthermore the respondents had prohibition for babies. The respondents of Arabics (90% had more prohibition for mothers. Under-nourished children in respondents of Maduranese (23.3% was higher than Arabics (6.7%.   Key words: breast-feeding, weaning  food, nutritional status, maduranese  and arabics

  12. Pola Pemberian ASI dan MP-ASI pada Anak 0-2 Tahun Ditinjau dari Aspek Sosial Ekonomi di Wilayah Pesisir Desa Weujangka Kecamatan Kuala Kabupaten Bireuen Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Khandila

    2010-01-01

    Until now still be found feeding on age appropriate child who is not like giving inaccurate complementary feeding ang given ti children under 6 month. Therefore, this research was aimed to know the pattern of breastfeeding and complement feeding to 0-2 year old babies, viewed from the families’ socio-economic aspects. This research was descriptive with cross-sectional design. The samples were 40 families who owned children 0-2 year. The data were gathered by using the questionnaires whic...

  13. Change of the equivalent circuit constants accompanied by the degradation and recovery of efficiency on a-Si solar cells; A-Si taiyo denchi no koritsu no rekka to kaifuku ni tomonau toka kairo teisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T.; Nakamura, K.; Koyanagi, T.; Yanagisawa, T. [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Investigations were given on how the equivalent circuit constants change when efficiency of amorphous silicon solar cells changes with time in light degradation and temperature recovery. In the experiment, light irradiation tests under a constant temperature and light intensity condition, followed by recovery tests under a constant temperature and constant weak light intensity or constant temperature condition were repeated continuously. According to the result of an experiment on single layer type cells, the change in each equivalent circuit constant in association with degradation in efficiency and file factor and variation in recovery is reversible mostly. However, a slightly irreversible component was recognized only in the initial degradation process in series resistance and diode factor values. With regard to stacked cells, it was suggested that the main players to determine cell characteristics during the processes of deterioration and recovery take turns among the three layers as follows: the shape of the time-based change in the efficiency comes different and is not saturating; as the efficiency decreases, the extent of the change increases in the diode factor and series resistance; and the path the deterioration takes differs from that the recovery takes. 2 refs., 12 figs.

  14. De Mariemont à Hanoi : conservation et restauration des céramiques d’Extrême Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Noppe

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available L’article expose brièvement les inévitables différences de conception et de pratique dans la conservation-restauration des céramiques asiatiques conservées au Musée royal de Mariemont et dans les musées du Vietnam. Il fait état des collaborations fructueuses établies notamment dans le cadre d'une mission scientifique à Hanoi.The paper describes the unavoidable differences in conception and practices in conservation-restoration of Asiatic ceramics conserved on one hand in the Royal Museum of Mariemont and on the other in Vietnam museums. It mentions the fruitful collaborations established amongst other in the frame of a scientific mission to Hanoi.

  15. Eks läbi aastate on arutatud, mis asi see Eesti arhitektuur on / Voldemar Tippel ; interv. Ike Volkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tippel, Voldemar, 1907-1995

    1999-01-01

    Eesti rahvuslikust arhitektuurist, meenutusi sõja ajast, ENSV Nõukogude Arhitektide Liidu asutamisest 1945. a. (esimees A. Kotli, vastutav sekretär V. Tippel), erialasest tegevusest, mis peaks Arhitektide Liidus toimuma. Varem ilmunud: Eesti Arhitektide Liidu Teataja, 1991, nr. 3

  16. 'Videokunst on tõsine asi,' räägib kunstnik Al Paldrock / Al Paldrok ; interv. Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paldrok, Al, 1969-

    1998-01-01

    Intervjuu Pärnu filmipäevade (2.-4. apr.) ühe peakorraldaja, Helsingis Kuvataide akadeemias video- ja keskkonnakunsti õppinud Al Paldrokiga filmipäevadest (kus esitatakse nii video-, reklaam- kui dokumentaalfilme), eesti filmist ja videokunstist, rühmitusest 'Vedelik'

  17. Bailarines guipuzcoanos de arcos en Traje Asiático, Juan Ignacio de Iztueta y la defensa de los Fueros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Urbeltz

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available En el trabajo en cuestión se trata de indicar que el libro de danzas que escribiera Juan Ignacio de Iztieta trasciende el hecho coreográfico y se dirige, fundamentalmente, a ser una exposición, como lengua, la historia y otras, alineada en la defensa de los Fueros. Prueba de ello son algunas contradicciones coreográficas y la crítica general que mantiene en su libro ante la actitud de   abandono para con la personalidad vasca de la provincia de Guipúzcoa.

  18. De la Sorbonne à l’Asie. Routes orientalistes d'Ena Bazin-Foucher (1889-1952

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annick Fenet

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L’article suit le parcours d’Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, épouse de l’indianiste français Alfred Foucher (1865-1952 : ses études supérieures à Paris ; sa rencontre avec son futur époux, enseignant à la Sorbonne ; leur mariage à Ceylan en 1919 ; leurs huit années de voyage (jusqu’en 1928 en mission archéologique et scientifique en Inde, Perse, Afghanistan et Extrême-Orient ; la vie parisienne jusqu’à leur mort. Les archives communes du couple permettent de reconstituer la part de la femme dans l’œuvre du savant, sa propre personnalité, ses aspirations scientifiques et son originalité dans le monde intellectuel de l’entre-deux-guerres.This article follows the life of  Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, wife of the French indianist Alfred Foucher (1865-1952: her higher education in Paris ; her encounter with her future husband,  a teacher at the Sorbonne University ; their marriage in Ceylan in 1919 ; their eight years of travel (until 1926 in archaeological and scientific missions in India, Persia, Afghanistan and the Far East ;  and finally their Parisian life until their death. The couple's archives allow one to reconstruct Eugénie's participation in the work of her husband as well as shedding light on  her personality, her scientific aspirations and her originality in the intellectual world of the Interwar period.

  19. EELS measurements of boron concentration profiles in p-a-Si and nip a-Si solar cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Aken, Bas B.; Duchamp, Martial; Boothroyd, Chris

    2012-01-01

    band gap E04. Modelling shows that the optimum efficiency in nip solar cells is obtained when the p-a-SiC band gap is slightly larger than the band gap of the absorber layer. We have assessed the potential of core-loss EELS for detecting B and C concentrations as low as 1020cm-3 in a spatially resolved...

  20. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI, KONSUMSI ZAT GIZI, DAN KELENGKAPAN KARTU MENUJU SEHAT (KMS TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suci Pujiyanti

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} Breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card (KMS are very crucial to support infant development. The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card to the nutritional status.  Sample of babies who breastfed and having KMS were taken from 50 babies aged around 4-12 months using a simple random sampling method. Pearson corelation, Spearman corelation, and backward linear regression were used to analyze data. Linear regression analysis between the length of breastfeeding (p0.05  the infant  nutritional status. The analysis also showed effect of weighing, immunization, and giving vitamin A to infant nutritional status. Keywords: breastfeeding, nutrient consumption, healthy card

  1. PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK ASI EKSLUSIF SERTA STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 4-12 BULAN DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asrinisa Rachmadewi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE The main aim of this study was to compare breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practice and infants nutritional status between rural and urban areas. In this cross-sectional study, Desa Jayabakti, Kabupaten Sukabumi represents rural area, while Kelurahan Kedung Jaya, Kota Bogor represents urban area. Samples were 31 mothers-infants in each area who were selected by simple cluster sampling method. The differences between two areas were analyzed with the independent t-test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test. The correlation between variables was analyzed with rank Spearman. The result of this study showed that mother's knowledge and attitude of nutrition, especially about exclusive breastfeeding, was higher in urban than in rural area. There were differences in mothers' knowledge and attitude between rural and urban areas (p0.05. The aspects of breastfeeding practices which statistically difference in rural and urban areas were the introduction of colostrums status and breastfeeding time (p0.05. Furthermore, exclusive breastfeeding practice was not associated with 4-12 months infants nutritional status (p>0.05. Mothers' family should be targeted as target of audience in breastfeeding promotion.  Keywords: breastfeeding practice, exclusive breastfeeding, knowledge, attitude, infant                  nutritional status, rural and urban areas.

  2. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM ANAK PIDANA DALAM PERSPEKTIF MAQASID ASY-SYARI’AH (Studi Kasus Penanganan Anak Pidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsaid Marsaid

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Indonesia as a country with social cultured law, dueto the influence of globalization shows the behavior of thepeople in his life increasingly complex. Such behavior can beseen from two sides, namely in accordance with the norms andnot in accordance with the norm, so that such conditions spreadto the entire line of people's lives. This article will exploreproblems criminal children who are in prison in Jambi.ملخص: اندونیسیا كدولة للقانون مثقف الاجتماعي ، ویرجع ذلك إلى تأثیر العولمة یدلعلى سلوك الناس في حیاتھ یزداد تعقیدا . ویمكن رؤیة مثل ھذا السلوك من الجانبین ،وھي وفقا ل معاییر ولیس وفقا ل معیار بحیث یمكن لھذه الظروف انتشرت في خطكامل من حیاة الناس. ھذه المادة سوف استكشاف مشاكل الأطفال الجنائي الذین ھم فيالسجن في جامبيKata Kunci: Anak Bermasalah dengan Hukum (ABH

  3. Mapeamento de QTLS de características sob influência da ferrugem asiática da soja

    OpenAIRE

    João Vitor Maldonados dos Santos

    2010-01-01

    Em nível mundial, a soja (Glycine max (L) Merrill) é a principal leguminosa cultivada, devido a sua grande importância na saúde e alimentação humana, na alimentação animal e sua utilização para produção de biocombustíveis. O Brasil está entre os maiores produtores de soja do mundo, sendo uma das principais fontes econômicasque movimentam o agronegócio brasileiro. Por isso, estudos sobre os principaisfatores, sejam bióticos ou abióticos, que podem afetar negativamente a produção,são necessário...

  4. Villes écologiques ou durables, exemples d'approches différentes en Asie en Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.P. van Dijk (Meine Pieter)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractLes défis comme l'urbanisation et dégradation environnementale dans des villes historiques peuvent être résolus dans le cadre de la gestion urbaine. Van Dijk (2006) a défini la gestion urbaine comme résoudre les problèmes des communautés urbaines en diminuant en même temps les risques qu

  5. A carreira da Índia, entre Lisbonne et l’Asie, l’éloignement et les dangers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Didier

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Après avoir rappelé les grandes étapes de l’histoire des expéditions maritimes portugaises, leurs itinéraires et leurs spécificités par rapport aux navigations castillanes, cet article s’intéresse au cas particulier de la circumnavigation de l’Afrique et des traversées de l’océan Indien dont il analyse les conditions matérielles ; causes de nombreux naufrages, ces navigations sont étudiées en tant qu’expériences humaines extrêmes.Tras haber recordado las principales etapas de la historia de las expediciones marítimas portuguesas, sus itinerarios y especificidades respecto a las navegaciones castellanas, este artículo estudia el caso particular de la circunnavegación de África y del cruce del océano Índico, cuyas condiciones materiales analiza ; causas de numerosos naufragios, estas navegaciones se estudian como experiencias humanas extremas.

  6. Roger Mitchell : Maailma päästmine pole vaid teadlaste asi / Roger Mitchell ; interv. Silvia Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mitchell, Roger

    2006-01-01

    Earthwatch Instituut on ülemaailmne organisatsioon, mille missiooniks on kaasata vabatahtlikke ja teadlasi, levitamaks säästva arengu sõnumit. Instituuti tutvustab teaduse ja hariduse osakonna direktor Roger Mitchell

  7. 29. IV-22. V on Stora Enso Packaging ASi uues tehasehoones Jälgimäel Tänassilma tehnopargis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Noorte kunstnike näitus "Paper Talks!". Väljapaneku koordinaator Maarin Ektermann. Installatsiooni märksõna on interdistsiplinaarsus, kaasa on haaratud hüpermaal, graafika, arhitektoonika, videokunst

  8. Evaluasi Pengaruh Lamanya Pemberian Asi Saja Terhadap Pertumbuhan Anak Suatu Studi di Kecamatan Ledo, Kabupaten Bengkayang, Provinsi Kalimantan Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lepita

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Breastfeeding is rich food nutrient and it is very important for the child growth. Neonatal growth disorders, it is initially revealed from the beginning by a lack of nutrient. The lack of nutrient can be minimized by giving breastfeeding since the first living without any additional food. The objective of this study was to know the impact of length duration influenced of breastfeeding to the child growth that was seen from the child's body weight and body height. This study designed as a retrospective cohort looking for an effect of weight and height growth of subject child age between 12 to 36 months used to have only breastfeeding in Ledo. The study carried out to 101 children. The samples collected by cluster technique, the inclusion criteria had been determined. Statistical analysis used, varians, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and analysis regression.The result of study, it was shown that the duration of breastfeeding affect of child growth significantly different; the percentage of median body weight to age vs body weight to body height referred to WHO-NCHS standard (p0.05. Conclusion: duration of breastfeeding has positive effect to the growth which is measured based on the percentage of median body weight/age and body weight/body height referred to WHO-NCHS standard.

  9. Structural and photovoltaic properties of a-Si (SNc)/c-Si heterojunction fabricated by EBPVD technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demiroğlu, D.; Kazmanli, K.; Urgen, M. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Ayazağa 34469, Istanbul (Turkey); Tatar, B. [Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Namık Kemal University, Değirmenaltı, Tekirdağ (Turkey)

    2013-12-16

    In last two decades sculptured thin films are very attractive for researches. Some properties of these thin films, like high porosity correspondingly high large surface area, controlled morphology; bring into prominence on them. Sculptured thin films have wide application areas as electronics, optics, mechanics, magnetic and chemistry. Slanted nano-columnar (SnC) thin films are a type of sculptured thin films. In this investigation SnC thin films were growth on n-type crystalline Si(100) and p-type crystalline Si(111) via ultra-high vacuum electron beam evaporation technique. The structural and morphological properties of the amorphous silicon thin films were investigated by XRD, Raman and FE-SEM analysis. According to the XRD and Raman analysis the structure of thin film was amorphous and FE-SEM analysis indicated slanted nano-columns were formed smoothly. Slanted nano-columns a-Si/c-Si heterojunction were prepared as using a photovoltaic device. In this regard we were researched photovoltaic properties of these heterojunction with current-voltage characterization under dark and illumination conditions. Electrical parameters were determined from the current-voltage characteristic in the dark conditions zero-bias barrier height Φ{sub B0} = 0.83−1.00eV; diode ideality factor η = 11.71−10.73; series resistance R{sub s} = 260−31.1 kΩ and shunt resistance R{sub sh} = 25.71−63.5 MΩ SnC a-Si/n-Si and SnC a-Si/p-Si heterojunctions shows a pretty good photovoltaic behavior about 10{sup 3}- 10{sup 4} times. The obtained photovoltaic parameters are such as short circuit current density J{sub sc} 83-40 mA/m{sup 2}, open circuit voltage V{sub oc} 900-831 mV.

  10. Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Belchior Silva Moreira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as “twin crises ”, adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.

  11. Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Belchior Silva Moreira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as "twin crises", adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.

  12. STUDI DAMPAK PEMBERIAN MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU (MP-ASI TERHADAP TINGKAT PERTUMBUHAN ANAK USIA 5 BULAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vita Kartika

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF THE SUPPLEMENTARY FEEDING ON THE GROWTH RATE OF 5 MONTH OLD INFANT AT THE BOGOR REGENCYBackground: Growth faltering of infants In Indonesia started at their early life i.e 1-3 month of their age. Growth faltering appear mainly due to the supplementary feeding practice which is not adequate for their requirement. Objectives: The objectives of this research are to evaluate the effect of food supplementation which made by industry. The food contains allmicronutrient as well as macronutrients that are needed for the growth of 5 month infant. Methods: Research design is quasi experimental. Data analysis were used univariat, bivariat, multivariat analysis (linear regression to find out independent variable which most influenced to the weight increase of the sample. Sample population are infants 5 month old from the poor families at Kemang and Ciomas district which fulfill the inclusion of criteria. The treatment group (53 samples received intervention in form of supplementary food made by industry containing energy 197 kcal and 4,8 gram protein, given 48 gram/day for 4 months period, on the other hand the control group (51 samples did not receive food intervention. The foods were distributed weekly. Data collection (anthropometries measurement of infant every months during 4 months period of this research. Results: After 4 months intervention, the weight of treatment group has higher increase  than the control group which is 1,30 kg for the treatment group and 0,52 kg for the control group. Growth rate during 4 months period can be seen from the z score point according to weight for age and weight for length indexes. Z score showed significant difference (p<0,005 between the two groups. At treatment group although the growth rate tend to decrease it was stil on the normal rate while in the control group the growth development were sharply decrease below the normal weight (<2 SD.Conclusions: Intervention by formulated supplementary food made by industry increased body weight significally. Intervention improved the intake of energy, protein and iron and decreased the morbidity rate significally. Keywords: growth rate, supplementary food and morbidity. 

  13. Analysis of a-SiO2/ a-Si Multilayer Structures by Ion Beam Methods and Electron Spin Resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    layer from the stack influences the physical properties of the complete structure. Some amorphous materials from the chalcogenide glass family (e.g. InSe ...finished, the silicon surface is very reactive. Between the moment when the gases for the SiO 2 layer are introduced in vessel and the moment when

  14. Óleos e extratos vegetais no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja (Glycine max (L.) Merril.)

    OpenAIRE

    Borges, Daniella Ines

    2007-01-01

    A agricultura atual tem aumentado o seu potencial de produção graças à aplicação de produtos químicos para o controle de pragas e de doenças de plantas, o que tem causado sérios prejuízos ao meio ambiente e à saúde do agricultor. A exploração da atividade biológica de compostos secundários de plantas pode constituir mais uma forma potencial de controle alternativo, reduzindo, assim, o impacto ambiental. Portanto, este trabalho teve por objetivo selecionar extratos e óleos essenciais vegetais ...

  15. Vergelijkend kwaliteitsonderzoek van nieuwe lotnummers van Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay-reagentia in 1984

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijk; R.V.W.van; Aelbers; G.N.M.; Tideman; G.J.; Menke; H.E.

    1985-01-01

    Binnen het kader van de kwaliteitscontrole van het serologisch syfilisonderzoek bij de Streeklaboratoria voor de Volksgezondheid werd een kwaliteitsonderzoek aan nieuwe lotnummers van de eerder onderzochte Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay (TPHA)-reagentia uitgevoerd. Hierbij werden de r

  16. Diagnostic dilemma of the single screening test used in the diagnosis of syphilis in Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumre, S P; Shakya, G; Acharya, D; Malla, S; Adhikari, N

    2011-12-01

    Syphilis screening by the nontreponemal rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test is not usually followed up by specific treponemal tests in most of the resource poor healthcare settings of Nepal. We analyzed serum specimens of 504 suspected syphilis cases at the immunology department of the national reference laboratory in Nepal during 2007-2009 using RPR test and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA). In overall, 35.7% were positive by both methods (combination) while 13.1% were RPR positive and TPHA negative, 8.7% were positive by TPHA only and 42.5% were negative by both methods. Among the RPR reactive (n = 246), 73.2% were positive by TPHA. Non-specific agglutination in RPR testing was relatively higher (26.8%) compared to TPHA (19.6%). Although TPHA was found more specific than RPR test, either of the single tests produced inaccurate diagnosis. Since the single RPR testing for syphilis may yield false positive results, specific treponemal test should be routinely used as confirmatory test to rule out false RPR positive cases. More attention needs to be paid on formulation of strict policy on the implementation of the existing guidelines throughout the country to prevent misdiagnosis in syphilis with the use of single RPR test.

  17. SCREENING ASSAYS TO FIND OUT LATE LATENT SYPHILIS CASES - WHICH IS THE BEST ONE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Dzintars Ozoliņš

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The serological methods for diagnosis of syphilis are classified into non-specific (non-treponemal such as Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR, and specific (treponemal such as Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test (TPHA and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG, IgM (ELISA IgG, IgM tests. The aim of this retrospective study was to estimate and compare the sensitivity and specificity of RPR, TPHA and Syphilis ELISA IgG, IgM. The study was conducted on 18 799 clinically healthy persons who had visited the Outpatient clinic of Ministry of the Interior Clinical Centre, Latvia during 2 years period from August 2006 to November 2007. Patients were screened to find out possible late latent syphilis cases by using RPR, TPHA and ELISA IgG, IgM assays. The results showed the highest sensitivity indices of ELISA IgG, IgM and TPHA methods, and the lowest for the RPR test. Highest specificity indices were observed by using ELISA IgG, IgM method followed by TPHA method with lower values and RPR method showing the lowest specificity. To conclude, ELISA IgG, IgM and TPHA methods should be used for screening late latent syphilis cases and ELISA IgG, IgM for diagnosis confirmation. RPR is not recommended for screening purposes.

  18. Dicty_cDB: SHB572 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available A: llaywxidpqlviskxmklkhltiflfifiyrflfvksdcylinnerpetkitkircddq visillnpnnrtdatle...kdtdgkfyfdvvnfpykdrlcdytydiyflpeipslpsvptig gsvnftynypctsvygrikplniankivtpyninldqftmriqpgcgdliinsgsrviyn asy

  19. Нарвское ноу-хау или блеф? / Артур Тооман

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тооман, Артур, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Narva uuest ettevõtluse toetamise süsteemist ja soodustustest. NTT AS-i, Narva Elektrijaamade, Nakro AS-i, Harju Elekter AS-i, Standard AS-i, Krimelte AS-i ja Vertex Estonia AS-i juhtide arvamusi. Tabelid

  20. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gutiérrez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores japoneses y los luchadores profesionales de lucha libre y grecorromana de la época, a los que habitualmente solían derrotar, contribuyeron a generar un potente imaginario de las artes de combate orientales como sistemas superiores de cultura física y defensa personal. No obstante, a pesar del éxito del jujutsu este no logró afianzarse sólidamente en Portugal, desapareciendo progresivamente de la escena pública desde principios de la segunda década del siglo XX.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The present study analyzes the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century. Mainly, historical Portuguese newspapers were reviewed, both general and specific from sports field. Results show that the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal was principally conduced via the show business through exhibitions performed by Japanese experts. Significant technical and physical differences between the Japanese fighters and the professional Freestyle and Greco-roman fighters, who were usually defeated by the former, contributed to create a powerful imaginary of the eastern fighting arts as superior systems of physical culture and self-defence. However, in spite of jujutsu’s success, it did not come to be strongly established in Portugal, vanishing progressively off the public scene since the beginning of the 1910s.

  1. Simultaneous optimization and simulation of a-Si(1-x)C(x) layers on n-type silicon solar cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vesaghi, MA; Asadi, K

    2005-01-01

    We have applied Rosenbrock's optimization algorithm to obtain the optimized efficiency of a solar cell and its structural parameters. To obtain these parameters. we have developed a computer pro-ram for simultaneous optimization and simulation of the solar cell. We have used experimental data on the

  2. Structural and Optical Investigations of Heterostructures Based on AlxGa1-xAsyP1-y:Si Solid Solutions Obtained by MOCVD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. V. Seredin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated MOCVD epitaxial heterostructures based on AlxGa1−xAs ternary solid solutions, obtained in the range of compositions x~0.20–0.50 and doped with high concentrations of phosphorus and silicon atoms. Using the methods of high-resolution X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray microanalysis, Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy we have shown that grown epitaxial films represent five-component (AlxGa1−xAs1−yPy1−zSiz solid solutions. The implementation of silicon in solid solution with a concentration of ~ 0.01 at.% leads to the formation of the structure with deep levels, DX centers, the occurrence of which fundamentally affects the energy characteristics of received materials.

  3. Comparando Políticas de Desenvolvimento e Atuação do Estado. América Latina e Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diogo Henrique Helal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deepens the quarrel on State-Society relations, and shows how it defines the possibilities of development, by making a comparative debate of State’s action in South Korea and Taiwan, on one side, and Brazil (mainly and Argentina, on the other side. The East Asiatic countries are paradigmatic cases of a fast local industrialization adjustments to changeable international markets. They are active States, that worked as substitutes of capital market less developed and at the same time led to changes in investment decisions. The Asiatic case shows that the embeddedness is necessary to the dissemination of information and implementation of development politics. However, without autonomy, the embeddedness tends to degenerate in a super cartel, focused, as all cartels, on the protection of their members against changes in status quo. In your turn, the Latin America inserts itself in combination of zairense predation with a embedded autonomy from East Asia. The equilibrium changes with time, according to the type of organization inside the State. In a general way, as a basic premise, it is necessary only a vague approximation from weberian ideal type, and from embedded autonomy model (development model to give advantage to the country.

  4. HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN IBU SELAMA KEHAMILAN DAN PEMBERIAN ASI PERTAMA KALI SETELAH MELAHIRKAN (ASSOCIATION OF MATERNAL FOOD CONSUMPTION DURING PREGNANCY AND THE FIRST TIME BREASTFEEDING AFTER DELIVERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Ability to produce breast-milk is to some extent dependent on the storage of material from the mother's food during the prenatal period, as well as on the supply of nutrients from the food she receives during lactation. Objective: To study association of maternal food consumption during pregnancy and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Methods: We took advantage from a cross-sectional research for Development of Media and Promotional Strategies for Exclusive Breastfeeding in rural and urban West Java, 2006. The analysis is based on 609 mothers who had infants aged 6-12 months in the Bandung city and district, West Java. ‘The first time breastfeeding after delivery’ was identified from the question of ‘how many hours after birth did mother breastfeed her child for the first time’. We used Chi-Square to analyze the association between the mother’s food consumption during prenatal period and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Results: Mothers who ate more food during pregnancy as much as 1-2 servings per day of pre-pregnancy and the occasional drink of milk to the baby was feeding time less than 3 hours after birth. Whereas mothers who during pregnancy eating just the same as before pregnancy, the first time breastfeeding was longer than 3 hours or even up to 2 days after delivery. The test results obtained was statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Maternal food consumption during pregnancy is significantly associated with the first time breastfeeding after delivery. [Penel Gizi Makan 2010, 33(2: 154-160] Keywords: food consumption, maternal, pregnancy, early breast-milk

  5. Genre, modernisation soviétique et usage des « langues de religion » en Asie centrale (Ouzbékistan et Tadjikistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habiba Fathi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In a secularizing context, the relationship between gender, Soviet modernization and uses of « languages of religion » (Arabic, Persian and Tchaghatay Turkish is explored. The main focus is the role of Muslim women in the trans-generational transmission of religion. Women of religion are the ones who mediate the rediscovery of the Muslim heritage. This rediscovery is taking place within the broader context of re-Islamization and revalorization of national languages of Uzbekistan (Uzbek with Latin script and Tadjikistan (Tadjik with Cyrillic script ; both independent states were formerly part of the Soviet Union. The author retraces the main axes of the modernization politics through two main domains: linguistic policies and the emancipation of Muslim women. The paper focuses on the old and new Muslim educational systems in these two newly independent Central Asian states and highlights these counstries’ tendency, due to their fight against Islamism, to refuse all religious change. This means all religious trends are rejected, even those that would enable the regions’s Muslim societies to leave behind their traditional orientation.

  6. A China como um duplo pólo na economia mundial e a recentralização da economia asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medeiros Carlos Aguiar de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available China as a double pole in the world economy and the recentralization of the Asian economy. The extraordinary growth of Chinese trade that occurred in the last years changed China?s role on world and regional economy. As a major producer of industrial consumer goods to OCDE countries, China has negatively affected many Asian competitors but as an expansive market China became the main source of growth to Asian countries. This new dimension was achieved after the Asian crisis of 1997 by an economic expansion led by public investment. After considering the Chinese balance of payment position and its industrial strategy this paper investigates this double dimension of China on trade and its influence on Asian countries.

  7. Ottmar Ette, Werner Mackenbach, Horst Nitschack (Eds.), TransPacífico. Conexiones y convivencias en AsiAméricas. Un simposio transareal

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    El auge de los denominados estudios atlánticos constituye una de las características más importantes en el desarrollo de la Historia y los Estudio Culturales durante estos últimos años. Es así que en la esfera occidental, la historiografía de las conexiones interoceánicas pareciera centrarse sobre todo en los ejes de circulación que operan entre África, América y Europa. Sin embargo, bien que el espacio atlántico pueda proponernos una visión innovadora de la historia, su terreno epistemológic...

  8. 0D-modelling of carbonaceous aerosols; L'aerosol de combustion dans une region en grande mutation, l'Asie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, Ch.

    2005-06-15

    One of the main uncertainties in the estimate of the climatic impact of aerosols is linked to our knowledge of gases and aerosols emissions. This is particularly crucial over Asia, where a strong regional fingerprint is observed, with different emission types, depending on the various vegetation and climate conditions (biomass burning emissions) and on the very fast changes of the population and industrialization (biofuel and fossil fuel emissions). The main goal of this work was first to derive a biomass burning inventory for gases and particles over Asia for the 2001 ACE-Asia (Aerosol Characterization Experiment) and TRACE-P (Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific) campaigns (March to May 2001). I implemented a methodology that is the most adapted to my study, and based on the burnt area cartography (GBA-2000 project (Global Burnt Area 2000) [Tansey et al., 2005]). The results of this study, ABBI (Asian Biomass Burning Inventory) [Michel et al., 2005] have been compared with another biomass burning emission inventory (ACESS: ACE-Asia and TRACE-P Modelling and Emission Support System) [Streets et al., 2003], built from fire counts and not from burnt areas. This comparison shows the limits of the use of fire counts in the emission inventory maps and underlines the importance and the relevance of the method used in my study. A comparison with the year 2000 emission inventory, obtained with the same method, underlines the importance of the inter-annual variations. The ABBI inventory has been introduced in the Meso-NH-C mesoscale model combined with an aerosol module: ORISAM (ORganic and Inorganic Spectral Aerosol Module) Bessagnet, 2000]. I have focused in particular on the impact of the burnt vegetation emissions over the asian continent. Comparisons between simulated and ground and airborne measured data showed satisfactory results in some cases, but showed also some limits. Sensitivity tests have been carried out firstly to test the impact of fire emissions by considering the ACESS inventory in Meso-NH-C-ORISAM, secondly to highlight the parameters deemed in the model to form secondary organic aerosols by using the ORISAM module in his 0D version. On the whole, this work emphasizes the major importance of the inventories of gas and particle emissions at a continental scale on atmospheric chemistry. Moreover, it also shows the contribution of the ORISAM module to the analysis and understanding of the heterogeneous chemical processes in the pollution episode in Asia. (author)

  9. 1) Mis teile praeguses eesti kirjanduses ei meeldi? 2) Mida tuleks teha, et asi läheks nii, nagu teile meeldib? : [küsitlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastavad : Vaapo Vaher, Elo Lindsalu, Olev Remsu, Jüri Ehlvest, François Serpent, Sven Kivisildnik, Linnar Priimägi, Aino Pervik, Mati Unt, Contra, Fagira D. Morti, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Juku-Kalle Raid

  10. Mitigación del cambio climático versus desarrollo económico -El debate asiático frente a la Conferencia de Copenhague-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Wago Rojas

    2009-11-01

    de una sana política medio ambiental. Para lograr una solución a la encrucijada entre la mitigación y el desarrollo económico, es fundamental la creatividad en las proposiciones y el compromiso político en Copenhague, así como la profundización en los mecanismos flexibles, los cuales, acompañados de la participación ciudadana, son pilares fundamentales para un verdadero desarrollo sostenible.

  11. Temperature dependence of the early degradation in a-Si solar cells; Amorphous Si taiyo denchi no shoki rekka no ondo izonsei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T.; Nakamura, K.; Koyanagi, T.; Yanagisawa, T. [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Discussions were given on early degradation in up to about ten minutes in amorphous silicon solar cells. The experiment has used a model cell of single junction layer for power use with a Glass/ITO/P-i-n:a-Si/Al structure. Test samples were annealed at 130 degC for 30 minutes to eliminate hysteresis of degradation during storage. Xenon was used as an irradiation light source, and the temperatures were varied from 0 to 100 degC and the measurement time was set to 0.1 to 500 minutes. The result of the experiment may be summarized as follows: with regard to time-based degradation pattern for conversion efficiency, the tilt of a pattern to express degradation rate varies with temperature conditions, and changes in 10 to 20 minutes of light irradiation as a boundary; in long-term degradation after 20 minutes, the higher the environmental temperature, the lower the degradation is suppressed, but the rate of initial degradation up to about 10 minutes is higher as the higher the temperature; and the degradation rate increases as the higher the temperature in the initial degradation of about 10 minutes, whereas, corresponding to this fact, it is estimated that a phenomenon is involved, in which carrier recombination defect may increase. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Automated International Information Networks; Systems Design Concepts, Goal-Setting and Priorities. FID/TM Panel at the ASIS Meeting in San Francisco, 2 October, 1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuelson, Kjell

    An invitation to participate in this panel discussion was sent to official representatives of organizations which had an expressed interest in information networks. Since some of the represented international bodies had started preliminary planning for network communication, the discussion was centered around systems design concepts. However, as…

  13. La participación de la comunidad de San Francisco de Asis, Colombia en la actividad turística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Stella Vera

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available San Francisco de Asís es una población ubicada en el Darién, Caribe colombiano, que ha vivido desde hace algunos años un desarrollo turístico. Su oferta natural ha propiciado paulatinamente el desarrollo Se describe entonces dicho proceso de participación así como los logros obtenidos durante y como resultado de los talleres organizados con la población local y dirigidos por la autora. Unos de estos, fue sentar bases para una organización que diera continuidad al proceso participativo. Otra experiencia interesante fue la formación de un grupo de niños que asumieron el papel de ecoguias. El trabajo menciona en el margen, la incidencia de los otros actores, tales como asociaciones comunitarias, onG, prestadores de servicios turísticos y entes gubernamentales, en la actividad turística. La ponencia plantea la experiencia vivida durante una investigación realizada para optar por el título de administradora de empresas turísticas.

  14. NATO-ASI on ’Sensors for Environment, Health and Security: Advanced Materials and Technologies’ Held in Limoges, France 16-27 Septermber 2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-18

    oxide nanosized particles, the control of the size and surface chemistry of the nanoparticles, the optimization of the screen-printing process to...H 2 O, orthorhombic WO 3 .1/3H 2 O, and resulting oxides with open structured nanosize hexagonal platelets and rods of h-WO 3 particles have been...humidity from 20 to 80 %. Nanosized zirconium dioxide had the best characteristics after sintering at 900 o C, when its resistivity changed more than

  15. SPİNOZA’DA İNSAN DOĞASI-SİYASET İLİŞKİSİ ÜZERİNE BİR DENEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Yıldız

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bu makalenin başlıca amacı, siyaset ile insan doğası arasındaki ilişkiye dikkat çekmektir. Bu konuda, Spinoza insan doğasına en uygun yönetim biçiminin demokrasi olduğunu ileri sürerken bunun ontolojik ve epistemolojik temellerini ortaya koyar. Ontolojik temelde insan, doğanın bir parçası olduğu ölçüde kendi doğasından kaynaklanan her şeyi yapmaya hakkı vardır. Epistemolojik temelde ise insan, doğanın bilgisine sahip olduğu ölçüde var olan doğasını ikinci bir doğaya ulaştıracak siyasal bir örgütlenmeye ihtiyaç duyar. Sonuç olarak Spinoza siyaseti olabildiğince nesnel bir zeminde ele almaya çalışarak evrensel bir siyaset kuramı geliştirir. Siyasal alanda aşılması gereken yol, anlama yetisinin yetkinleşmesiyle hem bireysel hem de toplumsal düzlemde insan doğasının ikinci bir doğaya ulaşmasıdır. An Essay on the Relationship between Human Nature and Politics in Spinoza The main purpose of this article is to point to the relationship between politics and human nature. In this regard, as Spinoza pronounces the most appropriate regime to the human nature as democracy, he presents ontological and epistemological basics of this. Human beings, in the ontological basis, are allowed to do anything they desire in the nature as long as they stay a part of the nature. As to in the epistemological basis, human beings are in need of a political organization that will convey its nature to the second nature, to a degree where they possess an acknowledge of the nature. To sum up, Spinoza tries to exhibit a universal ethical and political theory by taking human nature on the objective ground. The way that must be overcome in the political structure is the attainment of the human nature to a second nature where both individual and societal level by maturation of the understanding. Key Words: Human nature, individual, society, government, politics, history Un Essai sur la relation entre la Nature de l’homme et la Politique Chez Spinoza Le but principal de cet article est d’attirer l’attention sur la relation entre la politique et la nature de l’homme. A cet égard, Spinoza affirme que la meilleure façon de gouverner convenablement la nature humaine est la démocratie et expose les fondements ontologiques et épistémologiques de cette idée. L’homme au niveau ontologique, a le droit de faire toute chose provenant de sa nature dans la mesure où il fait partie de celle-ci. point de vue épistémologique, l’homme, dans la mesure où il a la connaissance de la nature, a besoin de l’organisation politique qui lui permettra de naître une seconde fois après sa première naissance. Par conséquent, Spinoza a développé la théorie universelle de la politique, selon une base qui soit la plus objective possible. La voie à surmonter au niveau politique consiste à ce que la nature humaine atteigne sa seconde nature au niveau individuel et social grâce à la capacité de compréhension. de l’ individu مقال في العلاقة بين الطبيعة البشرية والسياسة عند سبينوزا الهدف الرئيسي من هذه المقالة هو أن نأخذ الانتباه إلى العلاقة بين السياسة والطبيعة البشرية. وفي هذا الصدد، يؤكد سبينوزا أن الديمقراطية هي أفضل شكل ملاءم من أشكال الحكومة للطبيعة البشرية، ويعرض الأسس الوجودية والمعرفية لهذه الفكرة. من وجهة النظر الوجودي، للإنسان حق فعل كل شيءٍ نابع من طبيعته مهما كان هذا جزءًا من الطبيعة. وفي الأساس المعرفيّة، يحتاج الإنسان إلى تنظيم سياسي يوصله إلى طبيعة ثانية موجودة داخل حدود معرفته لهذه الطبيعة. ونتيجة لذلك، يحاول سبينوزا أن يعالج السياسة في وسط موضوعي قدر الإمكان، حتى يتمكّن من تطوير نظرية سياسية عالمية. من وجهة نظره، الطريق الذي يجب اجتيازه في مجال السياسة هو وصول الطبيعة البشرية إلى طبيعة ثانية في كلي المستويين الفردي والاجتماعي من خلال كفاءة قدرات المعرفة.

  16. Semejanzas entre el ajo (Allium sativum costarricense y el ajo asiático según secuencias de ADN ribosomal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Barboza Rojas

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica, la producción de ajo (Allium sativum es escasa y se limita principalmente a las regiones de Llano Grande de Cartago. Sin embargo, por el precio que tiene actualmente en el mercado, el ajo costarricense se vislumbra como una hortaliza que podría constituirse en un recurso valioso para los productores nacionales. Por lo anterior, en este artículo se presenta la caracterización mediante secuencias ribosomales de materiales de ajo provenientes Costa Rica y su comparación con ajo importado de China. El ADN se extrajo a partir de hojas de vitroplantas de ajo mantenidas en un congelador a -70°C, pulverizadas en un mortero. El ADN ribosomal se amplificó, purificó y secuenció. Se realizó el análisis bioinformático de las secuencias ribosomales. El BLASTn permitió determinar que los productos de PCR amplificados corresponden a la secuencia parcial de los genes 28S y 18S (sitios de unión de los cebadores y a la secuencia completa de la región ITS-1, 5.8S e ITS-2. Se encontró que todas las secuencias alinearon en casi un 100% con la accesión EU626375.1 publicada en la base de datos del GeneBank, correspondiente al clon Allium sativum voucher BF-ALL-037. En general, las secuencias mostraron ser muy conservadas. Los puntajes obtenidos del alineamiento realizado con ClustalW reflejaron una identidad del 97 al 99% entre las secuencias.El presente estudio es el primer reporte de este tipo que se realiza sobre ajo costarricense y generó información básica e indispensable para continuar con los estudios moleculares de este cultivo.

  17. Mebendazol en el tratamiento de helmintíasis intestinales revisión de literatura y consideraciones de Enfermería

    OpenAIRE

    Kogien, M.; Teixeira, C. A.

    2011-01-01

    Mebendazol es un antihelmíntico de amplio espectro, fármaco de elección para el tratamiento de varios tipos de infecciones parasitarias intestinales, además en la zona de la terapéutica farmacológica la enfermería tiene papel importante sea en la administración de medicamentos o en la nueva zona de actuación que surge para la profesión: la prescripción de medicamentos mediante protocolos o rutinas aprobados. Objetivos: realizar una revisión de literatura acerca de los aspectos farmacológi...

  18. THE IMPROVEMENT OF TRIPLE JUNCTION A-Si SOLAR CELLS%非晶硅锗三迭层电池的工艺优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文静; Henry Povolny; 杜文会; 廖显伯; 邓勋明

    2003-01-01

    该文报道了University of Toledo近两年在三叠层非晶硅锗太阳电池方面的研究进展.使用PECVD技术在不锈钢衬底上制备三结太阳电池,经过工艺优化后,电池效率达12.7%.文中研究了三结电池中的P、I层的生长条件对电池特性的影响,认为在非晶硅与微晶硅的过渡区存在着一种过渡态,可使电池的性能达到最佳.文中还研究了P、I界面的匹配和过渡层对电池性能的影响.

  19. Repensando o Melodrama no Contexto Asiático: um estudo sobre a série televisiva sul-coreana Dae Jang Geum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARVALHO, Ludmila Moreira Macedo de

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Although it is normally considered as a universal artistic genre, the melodrama is seldom contemplated in the context of the Asian community. As a historically Western concept, can it really be used to define Eastern artistic representations? This essay argues that “melodrama” can indeed be used in the Asian context, provided that it observes some of the particularities of the culture that is beingrepresented. Through the analysis of the South Korean television series Dae Jang Geum, a worldwide audience phenomenon, we shall observe more closely what are those particularities and universalities of the Asian melodrama.

  20. Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul - do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recuperação posterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Queiroz Guimarães

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The State and the economy in South Korea: from the developmentist state to the Asian crisis and later recovery. The article focuses on the institutions of South Korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. The economic model in South Korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. However, South Korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inherent to strong state intervention. The article shows that the crisis was a result of the combination between internal economic fragilities and a rapid process of financial deregulation, which undermined the state's capacity of control. The crisis, nevertheless, does not disqualify the role of the national institutions in the very successful process of industrialization. Despite the reforms, the Korean capitalism conserves much of the previous model of business organization and industrial relations. The state continues strong and played active role in the process of economic reforms. There are, nevertheless, doubts about the impacts of the reforms and the new configuration of Korean capitalism. They will depend on the current transformations in world economy and in the East Asian countries.

  1. Tingkat Ekonomi dan Motivasi Ibu dalam Pemberian ASI Eksklusif pada Bayi Usia 0-6 Bulan di Bidan Praktek Swasta (BPS Ummi Latifah Argomulyo, Sedayu Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heni Maulida

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Profile of Indonesian health in 2013 showed that the percentage of exclusive breastfeeding in infants aged 0-6 months is about 61.5%. The low level scope exclusively breastfeeding can not be separated from some factors affecting and one of them is a mother motivation to give exclusively breastfeeding to their baby. The other factors affecting breastfeeding are the socio-culture economy (formal education mother, family income and status working mother. The purpose of this study was to know the relationship between economic level and mother motivation towards exclusive breastfeeding provision in infants aged 0-6 months in BPS Ummi Latifah. This study was an observational analytic with a cross sectional design. Total population are 94 breastfeeding mother. Samples was obtained by accidental sampling techniques which consisted of 48 respondents. Analysis test used kendall-tau (τ. The results showed that the relationship between economic level and mother motivation towards exclusivebreastfeeding provision in infants aged 0-6 months was 0.339 with p=0.007 and coeffi cients contingency 0.662. In conclusion, there was a strong relationship between economic level and mother motivation towards exclusive breastfeeding provision in infants aged 0-6 months in BPS Ummi Latifah.

  2. Serodiagnosis of syphilis in a community: An evaluatory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajendran P

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To analyse the prevalence of syphilis in the apparently healthy population and to provide data for implementation of the joint STD/HIV control programme, a population based study was undertaken by using ′probability proportional to size′ cluster survey method in three randomly chosen districts of Tamil Nadu, India namely Dindigul, Ramnad and Tanjore. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from adults (n=1873 aged 15-45 years, from the selected households enrolled in this study. The sera were tested parallelly by rapid plasma reagin (RPR and Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA tests. Reactive samples by RPR and/or TPHA were later analysed by fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption (FTA-ABS test. RESULTS: The prevalence of syphilis in the community of Tamil Nadu as per RPR positivity was 2.7% (50/1873 as against 0.7% by TPHA (13/1873. FTA-ABS positivity was observed in only 12 out of 48 (25% RPR/TPHA reactive samples tested. By taking the positivity by two of the three tests, the community prevalence of acute ongoing syphilis in Tamil Nadu was determined as 1.1% (20/1873. CONCLUSIONS: The results confirmed that no single serological test for syphilis can act as the marker of ongoing acute infection in an apparently healthy population. The study suggests that for specific diagnosis of ongoing syphilis, the FTA-ABS test may be performed along with RPR and TPHA.

  3. Cost utility analysis of diagnostic method of syphilis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Presently, the diagnosis of syphilis is dependent mainly on serological tests. The most widely used screening tests for syphilis are the VDRL and the rapid plasma reagin (RPR and for confirmation, the fluorescent treponemal antibody (FTA and the treponema pallidum hemagglutination (TPHA tests. The four alternative modes for diagnosis of syphilis can be a VDRL + FTA, b VDRL + TPHA, c RPR + FTA and d RPR + TPHA. Here the author reports an evaluation of cost utility of these tests in medical practice. It is shown that the cost per accurate diagnosis with VDRL + TPH is the least expensive choice. Therefore, this alternative is the best method for serological diagnosis for syphilis, based on medical laboratory economics principles

  4. 评价螺旋体乳胶快速反应实验检测梅毒血清的特异性和敏感性%Sensitivity and specificity of Diesse syphilis fast test in testing syphilis serum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晋红中; 王家璧; 王晓蜂; 邵燕玲; 何志新; 刘跃华; 洪少林

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To assess sensitivity and specificity of Diesse syphilis fast test(DSFT) in routine use, and compare it with rapid plasma reagin circle card test(RPR test), Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay(TPHA), fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test(FTA-ABS test). Methods: DSFT, RPR, TPHA, FTA-ABS were used to detect 500 cases of syphilis and normal senam. Results :Using FTA-ABS as gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of DSFT were 98.6% (204/207), and 93.2%(273/293) ,respectirely(X2= 1.04, P > 0.05. Using TPHA as gold standard, the sensitivity and specifity of DSFT were 100% (223/223),99.6% (273/277), respectively(x2 = 0.04, P > 0.05). Condusion: The Diesse syphilis fast test in routine use has high sensitivity and specificity in testing syphilis.

  5. Lectures on "Technology of AS-I Bus and Its Application" Chapter Ⅲ Structure and Operational Flowchart of AS-I Slave Station%"AS-i总线技术及其应用"讲座第3讲 AS-i从站的结构和工作流程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊杰

    2004-01-01

    @@ AS-i从站是由AS-i从机和传感器/执行器组合而成的,而AS-i从机又是由AS-i从机IC专用芯片和外围电路组成.AS-i从机可认为是AS-i传输系统和传感器/执行器之间的连接设备.从机既向传感器/执行器提供电源,又担负它们通过传输系统与主机进行通信的任务.

  6. Lectures on "Technology of AS-i Bus and Its Application" Chapter V Operational Flowchart of AS-i Master Station%"AS-i总线技术及其应用"讲座第5讲AS-i主站的工作流程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊杰

    2005-01-01

    @@ AS-i主站是AS-i总线系统的核心,它由AS-i主机和控制器(如PC,PLC等)组成.在AS-i的通信协议中,主机和从机之间的数据交换是由"执行控制层"完成的.在前面介绍了主机结构和通信协议的基础上,下面将重点描述"执行控制层"的结构和工作原理.

  7. Metallography and fractography in nuclear materials research. Repair welding of irradiated ASI316L and damage tolerance in reactor vessel material A508c13; Metallografie en fractografie in nucleair materiaalonderzoek. Reparatielassen van bestraald ASI316L en schadetolerantie in reactorvatmeratiaal A508cl3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuring, E.W. [ECN Technologische Services and Consultancy, Petten (Netherlands)

    2001-06-01

    For a safe operation of nuclear power plants and new reactors, physical radiation effects on materials for reactor vessels must be studied, while neutron radiation causes displacement damage in the metal lattice (radiation hardening). Neutron reactions with alloy element produce other isotopes with different properties. Metallographical and fractographical properties of metals (AISI316L, A508c13) for nuclear applications are described. [Dutch] Voor het veilig bedrijven van kerncentrales en nieuw te ontwikkelen reactoren, is onderzoek naar stralingseffecten op materialen van essentieel belang. De neutronenstraling veroorzaakt verplaatsingsschade in het metaalrooster. Dat leidt tot stralingsharding. Neutronenreacties met legeringselementen leveren andere isotopen op waardoor de materiaaleigenschappen veranderen. Door transmutaties ten gevolge van neutronenreacties met boor kan helium ontstaan tijdens bedrijf. Stralingsverbrossing, en met name de aanwezigheid van helium, is een belangrijk aspect bij het herlassen van AISI316L. Bij herlassen kan helium onder invloed van de warmte-inbreng en lasspanningen naar korrelgrenzen diffunderen, waar heliumgasbellen ontstaan, welke een verbrossende werking op het materiaal hebben. Onderzoek van laser- en TIG-lassen moet uitwijzen of defecten in bestraald materiaal toelaatbaar zijn. Laserlassen blijken defectvrij te zijn tot 35 appm He. Echter, afhankelijk van de warmte-inbreng en de stralingsschade treedt een verlaging van de taaiheid op. Met TIG-lassen blijkt het moeilijker defectvrije verbindingen te maken in bestraald AISI316L. Voor onderzoek naar toelaatbare defecten in reactorvatmateriaal, zijn kunstmatige defecten aangebracht in thermisch verouderd materiaal en is de optredende belasting tijdens een noodstop gesimuleerd. Met de thermische veroudering is stralingschade gesimuleerd. Fractografisch en metallografisch onderzoek aan scheuruitbreiding in reactorvat materiaal, A508cl3, wijst uit dat het materiaal mogelijk gevoelig is geworden voor 'reheat cracking'. 4 refs.

  8. Suurtellijaks jääb riik. Remonditurul on perspektiivi / Tea Taruste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taruste, Tea

    2011-01-01

    Nordecon ASi juhatuse esimehe Jaano Vingi, ASi Merko Ehitus juhatuse esimehe Tiit Robeni ja NCC Ehitus ASi juhatuse esimehe Toomas Aagi ettekannetest Äripäeva konverentsil "Ehitusettevõtete Äriplaan 2012"

  9. Milliseid marketingivõtteid kasutate oma firma sõnumi edastamiseks avalikkusele?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad AS-i Edelaraudtee juhatuse esimees Henn Ruubel, AS-i Uninet juhatuse esimees Markus Nisula, Klubi Atlantis direktor Olga Aasav ja City Renault - Autori AS-i tegevdirektor Vello Tamm

  10. Genital lesions following bestiality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mittal A

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A 48-year-old man presented with painful genital lesions with history of bestiality and abnor-mal sexual behaviour. Examination revealed multiple irregular tender ulcers and erosions, with phimosis and left sided tender inguinal adenopathy. VDRL, TPHA, HIV-ELISA were negative. He was treated with ciprofloxacin 500mg b.d. along with saline compresses with complete resolution.

  11. Comparative study of Treponemal and non-Treponemal test for screening of blood donated at a blood center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narinder Kaur Naidu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The non-Treponemal tests such as Rapid Plasma Reagin test (RPR or the Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory test are the most commonly used test for screening of syphilis in the blood centers in India. Now, with the availability of Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and Immunochromatographic assays in the market, we decided to evaluate these assays in comparison with Treponema pallidum Haemagglutination Assay (TPHA which was considered as a gold standard for this study. A total of 8 685 samples of voluntary blood donors were tested on Trepolisa 3.0 and then the initially reactive samples were retested in duplicate on the same assay as well as on Omega Pathozyme, RPR, RAPHA (Rapid Anti-Treponema pallidum Assay, and TPHA. Of the 158 initially reactive samples, 104 were repeatedly reactive on the same assay, 85 were reactive with RPR, 77 were reactive with RAPHA, 60 were reactive on Omega, and 53 were confirmed reactive on TPHA. 48 (56.4% of the results on RPR were biological false positive, while 21.9% of results were false negative on RPR. We evaluated that Omega Pathozyme was quite in agreement with TPHA as compared with Trepolisa 3.0, RAPHA, and RPR. We concluded that Omega Pathozyme (ELISA can be considered as a suitable test for screening of syphilis in a blood center.

  12. Skype'i eestlased piiluvad Hiina poole / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2006-01-01

    Investeerimisfirma Ambient Sound Investments (ASI), mille omanikud said tuntuks internetitelefoni Skype loomisega, tegevusest Eestis ning plaanidest suunduda Hiina turule. Vt. samas: Viik: ASI on omalaadne arengufond

  13. Superlight and superflexible three-dimensional semiconductor frameworks A(X≡Y)4 (A=Si, Ge; X/Y=C, B, N) with tunable optoelectronic and mechanical properties from first-principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Xinrui; Li, Xiao-Fei; Zhu, Zi-Zhong

    2017-02-17

    Silicon carbide materials as the leading wide-bandgap semiconductor holds significant importance in semiconductor technologies. Here, diamond-like three-dimensional (3D) materials with low density but high elasticity properties have been designed from first-principles calculations. They are porous single-crystalline materials composed of sp3-hybridized Si (or Ge) and sp-type C≡C (or B≡N) linear moieties, while their stabilities are found to be comparable to the recently prepared SiC4 materials. Moreover, we find that such wide-bandgap semiconductors have strong absorption in a wide range of UV region and exhibit superlight, superflexible, and incompressible mechanical properties, and their optoelectronic and mechanical properties can be well tuned via structural modifications. Such features make them have high potential for practicable application in extreme conditions, and suggest promising applications for the design of UV optoelectronic devices.

  14. PENAMBAHAN KACANG-KACANGAN DALAM FORMULASI MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU (MP-ASI BERBAHAN DASAR PATI AREN(Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr Addition of legumes in the Formulation of Supplementary Food Based on Palm Starch (Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winiarti P. Rahayu 2

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Food diversification is one of the governmental programs to reduce rice demand. Palm starch (Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr has a good potency as carbohydrate source for supplementary food. Supplementary food from palm starch enriched with 4 legumes (red bean, green bean, soy bean, and paenutas sourch of protein were formulated. This weaning food was made by wet mixing all substances, then cooked at temperatur 750C for 10 minutes. The dough was then dried using drum dryer and milled. The flour was fortified by vitamin premix (vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin C, mineral premix (Na, Zn, Fe, Ca, and I and vanilla flavor (0,05; 0,10; 0,15; 0,20; and 0,25% to improve their nutritional and sensory qualities. Result obtained from hedonic tes indicated that soy bean is the most suitable bean 0,05 percent of vanilla flavor gave the best formula. Supplementary food from sugar palm starch contained 170 kkal energy, 4 g protein, 33g carbohydrate and 3 g fat per serving (42 g. If the formula was consumed three times per day it will fulfill 60 percent of AKG (Angka Kecukupan Gizi(Nutritional Daily Requirement of the baby and child’s protein. The protein digest of such supplementary food from sugar palm starch was 86,29 percent of casein and comply this with SNI 01-7111.4 -2005 and codex (1976 standard.

  15. Monte-Carlo simulation at the early stage of a-Si: H film growth with PCVD%PCVD法沉积a-Si:H薄膜初始阶段的计算机模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚若河; 林璇英; 黄创君; 杨坤进; 林揆训

    2001-01-01

    利用Monte Carlo模型研究了用PCVD法沉积a-Si:H薄膜初始阶段团簇的大小和数目与衬底温度的关系.该模型考虑了两个成长阶段,即成核阶段和晶核成长阶段;3种动力学过程,即粒子入射、吸附粒子扩散和吸附粒子脱附过程.模拟结果表明,随着衬底温度的升高,团簇的数目和大小都有所增长,且存在-个最佳温度550K,使团簇的数目达到饱和,晶粒为最大,与实验结果基本相符.

  16. Information Roundup: A Continuing Education Session on Microforms and Data Processing in the Library and Information Center: Costs/Benefits/History/Trends. Proceedings of the ASIS Mid-Year Meeting (4th, Portland, Oregon, May 15-17, 1975).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spigai, Frances G., Ed.; And Others

    Sixteen papers are presented which focus on microforms and data processing in library and information centers. Articles include discussions of cost analysis, decision making and program planning, library automation, information retrieval, indexing, cataloging, and computer services for libraries. (CH)

  17. Volavérunt, un Cluedo histórico: aproximando el mundo de Goya a estudiantes asiáticos a través de la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña García Migura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta comunicación se verá cómo se pueden adaptar los enfoques comunicativos para la enseñanza de E/LE a contextos docentes de orientación confuciana. Se parte de la reflexión sobre las especificidades de este entorno de enseñanza-aprendizaje, para aprovechando las sinergias entre tradición e innovación educativa, implementar una unidad didáctica posmétodo. Esta se basa en la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo y contempla, además de la integración delas cuatro destrezas –confiriendo especial protagonismo a la expresión escrita en blogs–,la atención a la forma y el desarrollo del componente metacognitivo. Asimismo, se hace énfasis en el potencial de la imagen, a través del cine y de la provisión de material auténtico, para canalizar la diferencia de referentes históricos entre la cultura de origen y de destino y poder facilitar así una aproximación a la época y figura de Goya por parte de estudiantes vietnamitas.

  18. Simulation and Optimization of a-Si (n)/c-Si (p) Amorphous Layer of Hetero-junction Battery%a-Si(n)/c-Si(p)异质结电池非晶层的模拟优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴国盛; 王振文; 闻腾; 刘淑平

    2012-01-01

    Afors-het numerical simulation software,for a-Si(n) / a-Si(i) / c-Si(p) battery structure of the main parameters of the amorphous layer,the analog of the emission layer of the hetero junction cells was studied and discussed.Doping concentration,the interface state,the intrinsic amorphous layer thickness and an emission layer made the following conclusions: the thickness of the emission layer is principally affected shortwave photon absorption;decreased with increasing thickness,the battery performance;emission layer heavily doped with a condition to obtain good conversion efficiency;low interface state of the battery performance when the 1014cm-2·eV-1,the battery performance is poor;high quality of the intrinsic amorphous layer can be effectively passivated silicon,to reduce the interface state density,and to improve battery performance,but should be controlled within a certain thickness.%采用afors-het数值模拟软件,针对a-Si(n)/a-Si(i)/c-Si(p)电池结构的非晶层主要参数,模拟研究并讨论了异质结电池的发射层厚度、发射层掺杂浓度、界面态和本征非晶层。提出了如下结论:发射层厚度主要影响短波光子吸收;随着厚度的增加,电池性能均下降;发射层重掺杂是获得好的转化效率的一个条件;界面态较低时对电池性能影响不大,当达到1014cm-2·eV-1时,电池性能很差;高质量的本征非晶层可以有效钝化硅片,降低界面态密度,提高电池性能,但应控制一定厚度内。

  19. BİLİMİN DOĞASI HAKKINDAKİ GÖRÜŞLERİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİNDE ALTERNATİF BİR YÖNTEM: KISA HİKÂYELER YÖNTEMİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmut Polat

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available An Alternative Method For Assessing Views About The Nature of Science: Vignettes The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the short stories (vignette for assessing the pre service science teachers' views about the nature of science. For this purpose, the validity and reliability studies of vignettes and rubrics used in the research are given. The research comprised two stages: the pilot and the authentic application. The piloting was carried out in 2009 spring term with the participation of 90 pre service science teachers who had taken History and Nature of Science course while the main study included 79 pre service teachers in 2010 spring term. At the end of the analyses positive results were obtained as to the validity and reliability of vignettes. It was understood that vignettes can be used as a method of determining opinions on the nature of science.

  20. Science and Technology of Nanostructured Magnetic Materials: Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute Conference Held in Aghia Pelaghia, Crete, Greece on 24 June -6 July 1990. NATO ASI Series B: Physics. Volume 259

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-06

    Barandiarin* and G. Rivero Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado. RENFE-UCM. Las Rozas (Madrid), Spain o Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales. CSIC. Madrid...Spain * Dpto. Electricidad y Electronica, Fac. Ciencias. Un. Pais Vasco. Lejona, Spain INTRODUCTION The change in length of a sample upon magnetization

  1. Adaptation linguistique et culturelle: L'experience des refugies d'Asie du sud-est au Quebec (Linguistic and Cultural Adaptation: The Experience of Southeast Asian Refugees in Quebec).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Kwok B.; Dorais, Louis-Jacques

    A collection of papers, in English and French, on the adjustment processes and problems of Southeast Asian refugees in Quebec includes: "Prelude to Resettlement: A Clinical View on the Transit Camp Experience of Vietnamese Refugees" (David Loveridge, Kwok B. Chan); "Une communaute culturelle en situation de diglossie: Les…

  2. Tallinn upub prügisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    27. XI avati Tallinnas raekoja küljel asuva keskaegse kaagi otsas Tallinna Säästva Arengu ja Planeerimise Ameti, Tallinna Jäätmekäitluskeskuse, ASi Krissan, ASi Vaania, ASi Sekto, ASi Starman ja Eesti Looduse teletoimetuse jäätmekäitlusinstallatsioon "Kaak & prügisoolikas".

  3. Mida tuleks muuta Riigikogu valimise korras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Eesti Päevalehe küsitlusele vstavad Kristiine Keskuse AS-i juhatuse esimees Toomas Niinemäe, AS-i Starman tegevdirektor Peeter Kern, Eesti Kindlustuse AS-i juhatuse esimees Ivar Virkus, Hillar&Knowlton Balti AS-i juhatuse esimees Peep Mühls ja Tallinna Mustamäe haigla peaarst Teet Lainevee

  4. Na koi nam "Nokia" / Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Jekaterina

    2008-01-01

    OÜ Krimelte, AS-i Estonia Klaverivabrik, AS-i Silbet, AS-i Standard, AS-i Wendre, BLRT Grupi ja Viru Keemia Grupi kui Eesti olulisemate ettevõtete majandusnäitajatest ning kohast Eestis ja maailmaturul. Lisa: Juhtivate eksportijate mitteametlik reiting

  5. Preparation and characterization of monosubstituted porphyrins immobilized on nanosilica

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ebrahim Ahmadi; Ali Ramazani; Asemeh Mashhadi-Malekzadeh; Zahra Hamdi; Zahra Mohamadnia

    2014-08-01

    Three kinds of heteroaldehydes, -(3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-4-formyl benzamide (TPHA/SiO2), were prepared by the reaction of terephthalaldehydic acid with different silica supports such as hexagonal SBA-15, spherical SBA-15 and amorphous SiO2 for comparison purposes. Anchoring of this aldehyde to different supports allows the synthesis of mono-substituted porphyrins without the production of di-, tri- and tetra-substituted porphyrin side products. The exclusion of the aforementioned side products during the synthesis of monosubstituted porphyrins greatly reduced the complexity during purification of the product. Absorption spectrophotometry was performed on silica gel immobilizing porphyrin (CPTTP), free base tetraphenylporphyrin (H2TPP) and heteroaldehydes (TPHA/SiO2) using UV–Visible instrument and confirmed the presence of porphyrin on the structure of CPTTP.

  6. Syphilitic hepatitis: An uncommon manifestation of a common disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukriti Baveja

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hepatitis being first manifestation of secondary syphilis is rare. Here in we report a case of 39 years old male who was being treated for hepatitis and presented to us subsequently with itchy maculopapular rash. Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL titre was 1:16. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA was positive. He was treated with intramuscular Benzathine Penicillin. His hepatitis improved rapidly.

  7. 比较梅毒血清学检验的不同检测方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺亚军

    2015-01-01

    目的:比较不同血清学检测方法诊断梅毒效用。方法:取204例确诊梅毒患者作为病例组,208例全面体检健康者为对照组,分别以联袂免疫吸附试验(enzyme 1inked immunosorbent assay,ELISA)、梅毒螺旋体明胶凝集试验(treponema pallidum particle agglutination,TPPA)、胶体金快速检测实验(SYP)、梅毒螺旋体凝集实验(treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay,TPHA)、甲苯胺红不加热血清反应素试验(toluidine red unheated-serum test,TRUST)进行检测。结果:TRUST病例组与一期梅毒阳性率低于SYP,SYP低于ELISA、TPPA、TPHA,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);TRUST诊断三期、隐性梅毒阳性率低于SYP、ELISA、TPPA、TPHA,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:ELISA、TPPA、TPHA均可作为理想的梅毒血清检验方法,SYP也可用于隐性梅毒诊断。

  8. Utility of immunochromatographic assay as a rapid point of care test for screening of antenatal syphilis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bineeta Kashyap

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Syphilis is one of the most common preventable causes of adverse effects during pregnancy. Antenatal screening prevents the delay between diagnosis and treatment there by reducing the risk of congenital syphilis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of an immunochromatographic assay as a point of care test for antenatal screening of syphilis. Materials and Methods: Sera of 200 antenatal mothers were evaluated for serodiagnosis of syphilis by the venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL, Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA and SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test. The performance of SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test was compared with VDRL as screening assay and TPHA as a confirmatory test. Results: The antenatal prevalence of syphilis was found to be 2% by both VDRL and TPHA. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and the negative predictive value of SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test were 75%, 100%, 100%, and 99.45%, respectively. Conclusions: Antenatal screening and treatment of maternal syphilis are cost-effective health interventions even under the low prevalence of infection. SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test, although having less sensitivity than the existing testing strategy, can have a tremendous impact on the disease burden if used prudently for the screening of antenatal mothers in peripheral health settings.

  9. Assessment of reactivity of three treponemal tests in non-treponemal non-reactive cases from sexually transmitted diseases clinic, antenatal clinic, integrated counselling and testing centre, other different outdoor patient departments/indoor patients of a tertiary care centre and peripheral health clinic attendees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Bala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In India, many state reference centres for sexually transmitted infections perform only a single screening assay for syphilis diagnosis. In this study, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA was performed on 1115 Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL/rapid plasma regain (RPR non-reactive and 107 reactive sera out of 10,489 tested by VDRL/RPR according to the National AIDS Control Organisation syphilis testing protocol. A total of 47 Specimens reactive in TPHA and non-reactive with VDRL test were subjected to fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption and enzyme-immunoassay. Seroprevalence considering both VDRL and TPHA positivity was highest (4.4% in sexually transmitted diseases clinic attendees than in other subject groups. Positivity by two treponemal tests in 24 (2.2% cases non-reactive by VDRL/RPR was representative of the fully treated patients or latent or late syphilis cases. The findings highlight that a suitable treponemal confirmatory test should be performed in all the diagnostic laboratories.

  10. Prevalence of syphilis among HIV-seroreactive patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turbadkar D

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Presence of genital ulcer disease facilitates human immunodeficiency virus (HIV transmission and their -diagnosis is essential for the proper management. Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL test is used as a screening test for the diagnosis of syphilis. However, unusual VDRL test results have been reported in HIV-infected persons with syphilis. There are reports showing higher than expected VDRL titers as well as biological false positive in most of the studies. A negative Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR test or VDRL test result may not rule out syphilis in patients with HIV infection. For laboratory confirmation of syphilis, one specific Treponemal test, namely, Fluroscent Treponemal Antibody Absorption (FTA-ABS test or Treponema Pallidum Haemagglutination Assay (TPHA should be done along with VDRL. In the present study, 88 HIV-seropositive patients with history of high-risk behaviour were screened for syphilis by VDRL test. Out of these 88 cases, 42 (47.7% patients were positive for TPHA and eight (9.1% patients were reactive for VDRL in various titers. All the eight patients who were reactive for VDRL test were also positive for TPHA test. Persons with HIV infection acquired through sexual route should be screened for sexually transmitted infections (STIs, and all patients with STIs should be counselled for HIV testing. This will help in proper management of patients having STIs and HIV coinfection.

  11. Prevalence and risk factors of syphilis infection among drug addicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuhlmann Thomas

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent epidemiological data show an increased trend of official estimates for syphilis infection in the general population. Many of the infected cases remain undetected leaving an underestimation of the true prevalence of syphilis in the general population, but also among subpopulations such as illicit drug users. There is limited epidemiological data published on the proportion and risk factors of syphilis infections associated with illicit drug abuse. Methods Illicit drug addicts (n = 1223 in inpatients units in Germany were screened (2000–01 for syphilis and interviewed regarding patterns of drug use and sexual behaviour. TPHA-test for initial screening and FTA-ABS-IgM test in TPHA-positive patients were used. Results In total, TPHA-tests were positive in 39 (3.3% and 7 patients (0.6% were IgM positive. The prevalence rate for syphilis in males was 1.9% and for women it was 8.5%. Female patients were 4.56 (CI 95% 2.37–8.78 times more likely to have a positive TPHA test than males. Sexual behaviours such as high number of sexual partners, sex for drugs/money, sex on the first day were associated with syphilis infection only in women. Females with frequent sex for drugs or money had 4.31 (CI 95% 2.32–8.52 times more likely a reactive TPHA test than remaining patients. Neither the sociodemographic factors nor sexual behaviour were statistically significant associated with syphilis infection among men at all. Conclusion Our data suggest the need for screening for syphilis among these illicit drug users in inpatient settings, in particular among sexual active women. This conclusion is corroborated by the finding of increasing numbers of syphilis infections in the general population. The identification of syphilis cases among drug addicts would give treatment options to these individuals and would help to reduce the spread of infection in this population, but also a spread into heterosexual populations related to

  12. The brand of the month - MONTON! / Urmas Väljaots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljaots, Urmas, 1981-

    2003-01-01

    AS-i Baltika avalike suhete juht Montoni kaubamärgiga seotud turundustegevusest. Kommenteerivad Audrius Savickas, Aigars Rungis ja Eriks Stendzenieks. Vt. samas intervjuud AS-i Baltika endise turundusjuhi Maarika Liivamäega; Monton chronology

  13. Põlvamaa veeprojektidesse paigutatakse ligi 157 miljonit / Raivo Sihver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sihver, Raivo

    2008-01-01

    AS-i Põlva Vesi juhataja Olev Elmik ja AS-i Water Ser tegevjuht Indrek Hiiemäe allkirjastasid Põlvamaa veeprojekti 22 ehituslepingust neli Räpina lepingut. 85% rahast tuleb EL-i Ühtekuuluvusfondist

  14. Kas on vaja piirata pornograafia levikut ? : pornograafia leviku reguleerimise seadus kitsendab pornograafiliste teoste esitamist ja eksponeerimist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Küsitlusele vastavad Riigikogu liige Rein Karemäe, Siseministeeriumi kantsler Vahur Glaase, seksuoloog Imre Rammul, ASi Guvatrak tegevdirektor Even Tudeberg, ASi Meediakorp meediadirektor Priit Hõbemägi

  15. Tootest olulisemaks saab ärimudel. Kandiline arbuus tavalisest 30 korda kallim / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Janek Kalvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Arengufondi juhatuse esimehe Ott Pärna, ASi Kalev Chocolate Factory juhataja Kaido Kaare ja ASi Balsnack International Holding juhatuse esimehe Elmar Rusingu ettekannetest toiduainetööstuse aastakonverentsil "Uue tõusu ootuses". Graafik

  16. Piraattarkvara kaob tasapisi arvutitest / Kadrin Karner, Katre Pilvinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2010-01-01

    Business Software Alliance'i uuringust selgub, et 50 protsenti Eestis kasutatavast tarkvarast on piraattarkvara. Arvamust avaldavad Microsoft Eesti tootejuht Pert Lomp, Elion Ettevõtted ASi juhatuse esimees Valdur Laid ja Columbus IT Partner Eesti ASi tegevjuht Gristel Tali

  17. Kasvav kaubamaht saab oma tähelepanu / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2007-01-01

    Karastusjoogi- ja alkoholitootjate A. Le Coq AS-i, Coca Cola ja Liviko AS-i lahendustest tootmismahtude suvisest kasvust tingitud logistilistele probleemidele. Kommenteerivad Elmer Maas, Mait Miller. Vt. samas: Evert Kreek rohelise logistika hinnast

  18. Koolitamine : andmisrõõm või edevus? / Ants Vasar, Arne Kaasik, Hele Hammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasar, Ants

    2007-01-01

    Küsimusele, miks olete hakanud ettevõtjana koolitajaks, vastavad ASi Viru Keskus juhatuse liige Ants Vasar, Columbus IT Partner Eesti ASi pertner ja nõukogu esimees Arne Kaasik ja Amserv Grupi finantsdirektor Hele Hammer

  19. Gaas tõstaks maakonna konkurentsivõimet / Marje Laugen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laugen, Marje

    2005-01-01

    Tõrvas peeti Valgamaa gaasiprojekti arutelu, kus osalesid AS-i Eesti Gaas, AS-i Fortum Termest ning Tõrva linna-, Helme valla- ja Valga maavalitsuse esindajad. Kommenteerib Valga maavanem Georg Trashanov

  20. Leading Preparedness for Local Fire Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    York City fire in 1835, the Chicago fire in 1871, and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake drove an ad-hoc approach to emergency management over the...management system approach. The first is from ASIS International. ASIS is a member organization comprised of security practitioners from the public and...The ASIS standard, ASIS SPC.1-2009 Organizational Resilience, describes itself as a management system standard.263 The second approved standard is

  1. Toimunud istungid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Riigikohtu otsusest ASi E hagis ASi J vastu 564 984 kr ja 4 sendi saamiseks ja ASi J vastuhagi E ASi vastu elektrivarustuse taastamiseks ning otsusest OÜ Priva, OÜ Priva Shipping Company, OÜ Priva Ehitus, OÜ Priva KV (endise ärinimega AB Priva Kinnisvara OÜ), Priva Trading OÜ (endise ärinimega AB Priva Trade OÜ) ja OÜ Priva Audit hagis OÜ PRIVA Baltic vastu, kus nõuti viimase sellise nime all tegevuse lõpetamist

  2. Hea toode ja lisateenused viivad sihile / Rivo Sarapik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Automüüjate TOP-i 3. koht. AS-i Esma Auto juhataja Urmas Brück'i hinnangul tagab edu automargi Mazda populaarsus, hea disain ja lisateenused. Diagramm: ASi Esma Auto käive ligi veerand miljardit. Lisa: ASi Esma Auto CV

  3. Iga otsus viib tagajärjeni, millest õppida / Ave Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavo, Ave

    2005-01-01

    Erinevatest õpetlikest töösituatsioonidest oma kogemuse põhjal räägivad Ruutmeeter OÜ tegevjuht Jana Põim, AS-i Baltazar finantsdirektor Kersti Rekor, HansaWorld Estonia AS-i tegevjuht Kersti Renzer ja MAP Eesti AS-i juhataja Külli Meister

  4. Taanduva Kruuda asemele astub ambitsioonikas Kusmin / Harry Tuul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuul, Harry

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 2. aug. lk. 7. Kalevi müügi- ja teenindusdirektor Kati Kusmin asub juhtimisest taanduva Oliver Kruuda asemele Kalevi tütarfirmade AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory, AS-i Vilma ja AS-i Kalev Jõhvi Tootmine juhatuses. Lisa: Kati Kusmini CV. Vt. samas: Kruuda: taandun suuresti isiklikel põhjustel

  5. Transport, Interfaces, and Modeling in Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells: Final Technical Report, 11 February 2002 - 30 September 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schiff, E. A.

    2008-10-01

    Results for a-Si characteristics/modeling; photocarrier drift mobilities in a-Si;H, ..mu..c-Si:H, CIGS; hole-conducting polymers as p-layer for a-Si and c-Si; IR spectra of p/i and n/i interfaces in a-Si.

  6. Tallinna sünagoogi ehitanud firma sihib Venemaal rammusat äri / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2007-01-01

    AS Kolle kavatseb tõusta juhtivaks Eesti ehitusfirmaks Venemaal. Vt. samas: AS-i Kolle majandusnäitajad ja tütarfirmad; Kommenteerivad: AS-i Skanska juht Jaanus Otsa, Veikko Maripuu Investeerimispangast Suprema, AS-i Merko juht Toomas Annus

  7. Kas toetate metalliäri vabakslaskmist? : valitsus lükkas tagasi ettepaneku tühistada 1993. aasta määrus, mis jätab metallikaubanduse ainuõiguse erastatud AS-ile EMEX

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Eesti Päevalehe küsitlusele vastavad majandusminister Jaak Leimann, Autospordi Liidu juhatuse liige Robert Lepikson, AS-i ETFC Grupp juhatuse esimees Ants Laos, AS-i Pubnest nõukogu esimees Agu Kivimägi ja AS-i EMEX juhatuse esimees Toomas Keridon

  8. Flora omanikud tülis / Inno Tähismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tähismaa, Inno, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Valdusfirma AS-i Flora Kommerts kahe vähemusaktsionäri Rita Kulli ja Elar Kruusma tehingutest Flora gruppi kuuluvate AS-i Flora Vara ja AS-i Flora Liit varaga. Diagramm: Vähemusaktsionärid näitasid võimu. Lisa: Flora juhid. Vt. samas: Kalleim osa kinnisvara

  9. Dimerization of two novel apoptosis-inducing proteins and its function in regulating cell apoptosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘青珍; 甘淼; 齐义鹏; 李凌云; 齐兵

    2003-01-01

    Asy (apoptosis/saibousi Yutsudo) is a novel apoptosis-inducing gene found in 1999 by Yutsudo group in Japan. In 2000, Qi Bing et al. cloned another novel gene, named hap (homologue of ASY protein), which encoded the ASY interact ing protein, from human lung cell line (WI-38) cDNA library by using yeast two-h ybrid system. It has been proved that ASY formed homodimer in yeast and human ce ll line, ASY and HAP formed heterodimer in yeast cells, and both induced cell ap optosis in human tumor cell lines Sao2 and CGL4. This paper showed that HAP coul d form homodimer in yeast cells by yeast two-hybrid system; HAP and ASY could pr oduce heterodimer in human cell line by cross-immunoprecipitation test; by using apoptosis-testing technologies such as AnnexinV, TUNEL, DNA ladder and Flow Cyt ometry, the cell apoptosis in human normal or tumor cell lines transfected with hap or asy individually or cotransfected by the both was qualified or quantified . It was firstly demonstrated that ASY or HAP induced cell apoptosis not only in human tumor cell lines, but also in human normal cell lines. Moreover, we prove d that the heterodimer between ASY and HAP decreased apoptosis-inducing activity from the homodimer of ASY or HAP. It revealed that by choosing to form heterodi mer or homodimer between ASY and / or HAP is an important mechanism of regulatin g apoptosis in human cell lines.

  10. Serological test of 3395 cases with high risk of syphilis: the result analysis%3395例梅毒高危人群血清学试验结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊; 余斐斐; 朱秋萍; 傅爱清

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To study the serologic test for syphilis in high risk population. METHODS Totally 3395 cases of syphilis in high-risk groups, routed RPR, ELISA test, positive results were confirmed with TPPA, TPHA serological test. RESULTS RPR with ELISA results were significantly different, P<0. 01. In this set of data, RPR results were positive 394 cases (11. 6%),ELISA results were positive 808 cases (23. 8%), TPPA results showed that 792 cases (23. 3%) were positive, TPHA results showed that 780 cases (23. 0%) were positive. When TPHA result was positive, TPPA and ELISA examination were positive simultaneously. ELISA results were false-positive 17 cases, accounting for 2.1 %; RPR results were false-positive 4 cases, accounting for 1.0%. there were 10 cases weakly positive ELISA specimens, including 8 cases of TPPA and TPHA confirmatory test was positive, while the other two cases for the confirmatory test was negative. CONCLUSION ELISA test is more sensitive than RPR test, Therefore, when conditions are available ELISA reagents for screening of highquality. When ELISA results are weak-positive samples, if necessary, TPPA and TPHA reagents can be applied to confirm the quality.%目的 研究梅毒高危人群血清学试验在临床上的检测价值. 方法 对3395例梅毒高危人群,常规进行梅毒血浆反应素快速试验(RPR)、酶联免疫吸附(ELISA)检测,阳性者再行梅毒螺旋体颗粒凝集试验(TPPA) 、间接血凝试验(TPHA)血清学试验确证. 结果 RPR与ELISA检测结果 比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);在本组资料中,RPR阳性394例(11.6%),ELISA阳性808例(23.8%),TPPA阳性792例(23.3%),TPHA阳性780例(23.0%);TPHA阳性者,TPPA和ELISA检查同时阳性;ELISA试验共有17例假阳性,占2.1%;而RPR试验共有4例假阳性,占1.0%;有10例ELISA弱阳性标本,其中8例为TPPA和TPHA确证试验为阳性,而其他2例为确证试验阴性. 结论 ELISA敏感性高于RPR,因此有条件时可用高质量

  11. The development and validation of dried blood spots for external quality assurance of syphilis serology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smit Pieter W

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Syphilis causes up to 1,500,000 congenital syphilis cases annually. These could be prevented if all pregnant women were screened, and those with syphilis treated with a single dose of penicillin before 28 weeks gestation. In recent years, rapid point-of-care tests have allowed greater access to syphilis screening, especially in rural or remote areas, but the lack of quality assurance of rapid testing has been a concern. We determined the feasibility of using dried blood spots (DBS as specimens for quality assurance of syphilis serological assays. Methods We developed DBS extraction protocols for use with Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA and an enzyme immunoassay (EIA and compared the results with those using matching plasma samples from the same patient. Results Since DBS samples showed poor performance with TPHA and EIA (TPHA sensitivity was 50.5% (95% confidence interval: 39.9–61.2% and EIA specificity was 50.4% (95% CI: 43.7–57.1%, only the DBS TPPA was used in the final evaluation. DBS TPPA showed an sensitivity of 95.5% (95% CI: 91.3–98.0% and a specificity of 99.0% (95% CI: 98.1–99.5% compared to TPPA using plasma samples as a reference. Conclusion DBS samples can be recommended for use with TPPA, and may be of value for external quality assurance of point-of-care syphilis testing.

  12. Hepatitis C virus infection and biological false-positive syphilis test:a single-center experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-Fang Zhu; Shui-Ying Lei; Lan-Juan Li

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Rapidplasmaregainpositiveand/ortreponema pallidum hemagglutination negative [RPR(+)/TPHA(-)] results were designated as biologic false-positive (BFP). There are limited data about BFP reactions against syphilis in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of BFP reactions for syphilis in patients with HCV infection in a large sample and assess the relationship between BFP reactions and HCV infection. METHODS:  A total of 2656 patients with positive anti-HCV and 5600 healthy control subjects were enrolled in this study. Hepatitis C serology was determined by a second generation ELISA test for HCV antibody. Syphilis serology was determined by the RPR test. Those subjects with reactive RPR positive underwent the TPHA test. Demographics and laboratory data were collected by trained clinicians. RESULTS: Among 2656 patients, 111 (4.2%) had a reactive RPR test. Of the 111 patients who were subjected to reactive RPR test, 30 (27.0%) showed HCV(+)/RPR(+). Of 5600 healthy controls, 80 (1.4%) had a reactive RPR test. Fourteen (17.5%) controls with HCV(-)/RPR(+) had a non-reactive TPHA test. These represented 1.1% of all HCV-positive and 0.3% of all HCV-negative subjects (P0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The data of this study demonstrate that HCV infection is associated with a false-positive RPR test. In this study BFPs were significantly more common in HCV positive patients compared to HCV-negative ones. Eosinophil abnormality can be considered as a predictor for BFP. Excessive BFPs must be considered in assessing the frequency of syphilis in a HCV-positive population and the importance of the treponemal specific serologic test should be emphasized for a diagnosis of syphilis in such population.

  13. Quantificação da ferrugem asiática e aspectos nutricionais de soja suprida com silício em solução nutritiva Quantification of Asian rust and nutritional aspects of soybean due to the use of silicon supplied via nutrient solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Maria de Lima

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Para quantificar a severidade da ferrugem, os teores de clorofilas a e b e os carotenóides e também a nutrição em plantas de soja supridas com silício, implantou-se um experimento em blocos casualizados com 6 tratamentos e 4 repetições. Os tratamentos consistiram em doses de silicato de potássio (0 mg/L, 56 mg/L, 112 mg/L, 168 mg/L, 224 mg/L e 280 mg/L. As plantas foram inoculadas no estádio V4. Nove dias após a inoculação, iniciaram-se as avaliações semanais do número de lesões de ferrugem da soja/cm² de área foliar, no total de cinco. Ao final do experimento, os dados foram integrados ao longo do tempo, obtendo-se a área abaixo da curva do número de lesões/cm² (AACNL. Após o término das avaliações, determinou-se a quantidade de clorofilas a e b, carotenóides e lignina das folhas das plantas de soja com as doses crescentes de silício. Os teores de macro e micronutrientes da parte aérea das plantas também foram analisados. Observou-se redução da AACNL com aumento das doses de silício na solução nutritiva. A AACNL reduziu, enquanto que os teores de fósforo, cálcio, enxofre e zinco, de clorofila b, carotenóides e lignina, na parte aérea, aumentaram com a adição de silício.Aiming to quantify the severity of Asian rust, the content of the chlorophylls a and b and carotenoids as well some nutritional aspects of soybean plants supplied with silicon in the form of soluble potassium silicate solution an experiment was carried out in a random block design with 6 treatments and four replicates. Treatments comprised potassium six silicate doses (0 mg/L, 56 mg/L, 112 mg/L, 168 mg/L, 224 mg/L and 280 mg/L. Plants were inoculated at the V4 stage and evaluated for rust severity five times starting at the 9th day after inoculation weekly. The severity data were integrated with time obtaining the area under the number lesions progress curve (AUNLC. At the end of experiment, shoots from plants that received increasing silicon doses were sampled in order to analyze the chlorophyll a and b, carotenoids, lignin, macro and micronutrients. Adding silicon reduced AUNLC and increase the level of chlorophyll b, carotenoids, lignin, P, Ca, S and Zn in soybean plants.

  14. 中西医结合治疗复发性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病的临床观察%Clinical Observation on the Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidi-asis with Combination of TCM and Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金凤; 刘云波

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical curative effect of combined traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine on recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). Methods: Seventy-one patients with RVVC were randomly divided into observation group (n=36) and control group (n=35), patients in the control group were treated with fluconazole combined nifuratel nysfungin vaginal soft capsules; based on the control group treatmemt, patients of the observation group received syndrome differentiated decoctions of Chinese medicine for fumigation/wash and oral administration. Results: The observation group showed higher cure rate and lower relapse rate than the control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The combined treatment of TCM and western medicine has better curative effects for RVVC.%目的:中西医结合治疗复发性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病(RVVC)的临床疗效。方法:71例RVVC患者随机分为观察组(n=36)和对照组(n=35);对照组给予氟康唑联合硝呋太尔制霉素阴道软胶囊;观察组在对照组用药基础上,加中药煎汤熏洗和内服。结果:观察组治愈率高,复发率低,明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:中西医结合治疗RVVC疗效好。

  15. 认知行为疗法联合心理护理对银屑病患者治疗效果的影响%Influence of treatment effect of cognitive behavioral therapy combined with psychological care for patients with psori-asis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林雪香; 张峰; 卢婉娇

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of treatment effect of cognitive behavioral therapy combined with psy -chological care for patients with psoriasis .Methods 135 cases of patients with psoriasis were randomly divided into observa-tion group(87 cases)and control group(48 cases).Control group was given with dermatologist routine nursing care;Observa-tion group was given with cognitive behavior therapy combined with psychological nursing intervention measures .Compared the clinical curative effect ,treatment adherence ,satisfaction with care and hospitalization time of two groups .Investigated the men-tal health and quality of life by Self-Rating Anxiety Scale ( SAS ) , Self-rating Depression Scale ( SDS ) , Life Quality Index (DLQI).Results The treatment adherence,satisfaction with care and clinical total effective rate of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group ,the hospitalization time of observation group was shorter than control group;Af-ter intervention,the SAS,SDS and DLQI score of two groups was lower than before teatment ,and observation group was lower than control group,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Cognitive behavior therapy in combi-nation with psychological intervention is applied to the care of patients with psoriasis ,clinical effect is remarkable ,can obvious-ly improve the patient′s self management behavior ,reduce the psoriatic patients state of anxiety and depression ,improve their quality of life,playing an important role in the treatment ,prevention,rehabilitation of psoriasis .%目的:探讨认知行为疗法联合心理干预对银屑病患者治疗效果的影响。方法选择在该院治疗的银屑病患者135例,将所有患者随机分为2组,对照组48例给予皮肤科常规护理及健康教育,观察组87例在对照组的基础上给予认知行为疗法联合心理护理干预措施,观察2组患者的临床疗效,比较2组患者的治疗依从性、护理满意度及住院时间,应用焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、生活质量指数(DLQI)在患者入院当天和出院前1d对患者心理健康及生活质量状况进行调查。结果观察组患者的治疗总依从性、护理总满意度及临床总有效率均显著高于对照组,住院时间短于对照组;治疗后2组SDS、SAS及DLQI评分均显著降低,且观察组低于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论认知行为疗法联合心理干预应用于银屑病患者的护理中,临床效果显著,可明显提高患者的自我管理行为,减轻银屑病患者的焦虑、抑郁状态,提高生活质量,在银屑病的治疗、预防、康复中具有重要作用。

  16. ...And That's How It All Began: Putting Information about Your Child's Growth, Health and Safety All within Your Reach...Because the First Years Last Forever! = ...Y asi es como empezo todo: Ponemos a su alcance en forma conjunta la informacion sobre el crecimiento, la salud y la seguridad de su hijo...Porque los primeros anos duran para siempre!

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina Partnership for Children, Raleigh.

    Smart Start is North Carolina's model early childhood initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and prepared for success. This resource guide, in Spanish and English versions, is designed to provide parents with information on infant and child development, health care, and resources for further assistance. Presented in an…

  17. The Library of Congress, Dewey Decimal, and Universal Decimal Classification Systems are Incomplete and Unsystematic. A Review of: Zins, C., & Santos, P. L. V. A. C. (2011. Mapping the knowledge covered by library classification systems. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(5, 877-901. doi:10.1002/asi.21481

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cari Merkley

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the extent to which knowledge is currently addressed by the Library of Congress (LCC, Dewey Decimal (DDC, and Universal Decimal (UDC classification systems.Design – Comparative analysis of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems using Zin’s 10 Pillars of Knowledge.Setting – The Faculty of Philosophy and Science at a Brazilian university.Subjects – Forty one subject-related classes and 386 subclasses from the first two levels of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems.Methods – To evaluate the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems, the researchers employed the 10 Pillars of Knowledge, a “hierarchical knowledge tree” developed by the lead author of this study (p. 878. According to the authors, the 10 Pillars of Knowledge seek to illustrate relationships between fields of knowledge while capturing their breadth. The first level of the Pillars consists of the following categories: Knowledge, Supernatural, Matter and Energy, Space and Earth, Nonhuman Organizations, Body and Mind, Society, Thought and Art, Technology, and History. Each of the 10 Pillars is further subdivided, resulting in a four level hierarchical structure of 76 categories. Of the 76 categories, 55 are unique subject areas. A selection of subject-based classes and subclasses from the first two levels of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems were then mapped to the relevant subclasses within the Pillars. Analysis was limited to the first two levels of LCC, DDC, and UDC, except for the LCC categories of BF and BL where further subclasses were analyzed. Classes or subclasses in LCC, DDC, or UDC that were not subject based (for example, those based on publication type were excluded from the study. In total, 41 main classes and 386 subclasses from LLC, DDC, and UDC were categorized using the 10 Pillars.Main Results – The LLC, DDC, and UDC systems were deemed to be complete and systematic in their coverage of only three of the 10 Pillars: Matter and Energy, Thought and Art, and History. This means that there was at least one class or subclass in each of the three systems that corresponded to the subclasses in these pillars. The remaining seven pillars were only partially covered by the three systems to varying degrees. For example, the coverage of religion in LCC and DDC show evidence of a bias towards Christianity and incomplete coverage of other faiths. In addition to the lack of completeness in terms of subject coverage, the researchers found inconsistencies and problems with how relationships between subjects were illustrated by the systems. For example, botany should be a subclass of biology, but the subjects occupy the same level in the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems. Researchers also noted cases where subclasses on the same level were not mutually exclusive e.g., the BR (Christianity and BS (The Bible subclasses in LCC. Overall, LLC performed slightly better than DDC or UDC, covering 47 of the 55 unique subject categories in the 10 Pillars. It was followed by UDC with 44 out of 55, and DDC with 43 out of 55. Some of the 55 unique subject categories in the 10 Pillars system were not represented by any of the systems: 3 subclasses under Society (Society at Large – Area Based, Social Groups – Age, and Social Groups – Ethnicity, 2 under Technology (Technologies – Materials and Technologies – Processes, and 1 under Foundations (Methodology.Conclusion – The researchers conclude that none of the three major classification systems analyzed provides complete and systematic coverage of the world of knowledge, and call for the library community to move to new systems, such as the 10 Pillars of Knowledge.

  18. Public Library Users are Challenged by Digital Information Preservation. A Review of: Copeland, A. J. (2011. Analysis of public library users’ digital preservation practices. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(7, 1288-1300. doi: 10.1002/asi.21553

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin E. Miller

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To discover the factors that influence digital information preservation practices and attitudes of adult public library users.Design – Mixed methodology combining matrix questionnaires, interviews, and visual mapping.Setting – Urban public library on the EastCoast of the United States.Subjects – 26 adult members of a publiclibrary’s Friends group.Methods – The researcher conducted semi-structured interviews with 26 participants. All participants drew maps to indicate the types of information they value and why, and their preferences for information storage and maintenance. Qualitative data were supplemented by a matrix questionnaire on which 22 participants identified the types of digital information they maintain, and modes of storage.Main Results – Some public library users may store and organize information inconsistently, utilizing a variety of digital devices. Technical, social, and emotional context influences choices about organization, sharing of information, and short- and long-term preservation. Users reported placing a higher value on born digital information, and information that they had shared with others. Conclusion – Public librarians may have a role in facilitating growth of patron knowledge about creation, storage, preservation, and sharing of personal digital information.

  19. The partially denuclearized area of North-East Asia. Status of ten years of informal 'new diplomacy'; La zone partiellement denuclearisee de l'Asie du Nord-Est. Bilan de dix annees de 'nouvelle diplomatie' informelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sionneau, B. [Bordeaux-4 Univ.- Montesquieu, Centre d' Analyse Politique Comparee, de Geostrategie et de Relations Internationales, 33 (France); Ecole de Management, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Dusclaud, M. [Bordeaux-4 Univ.- Montesquieu, Centre d' Analyse Politique Comparee, de Geostrategie et de Relations Internationales, 33 (France); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 33 (France)

    2003-07-01

    In 1991, the G. Bush administration decided to remove away all US surface tactic nuclear weapons everywhere in the world in order to reduce the nuclear warfare risk. This decision has led to the ratification by both Northern Korea and Southern Korea of the declaration on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, followed the same year by Mongolia which has become nuclear weapons free. As a consequence of these initiatives, the Center for international strategy, technology and policy (CISTP) of the Georgia institute of technology (Atlanta, USA) has decided the creation of a 'limited nuclear weapons free zone North-East Asia'(LNWFZ), based on cooperation, arms control and non-proliferation. This article describes the genesis of this inter-governmental process of informal diplomacy: proposal of creation of a league for non-nuclear states for North-East Asia, of implementation of an inspection regime and of a cooperative security community, of establishment of confidence building measures and of economic incentives. Then it describes the main components of the LNWFZ project and the obstacles that must be cleared away before its official implementation. (J.S.)

  20. Ocorrência do molusco asiático Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774 (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae no baixo rio Negro, Amazônia central Occurrence of the Asian mollusc Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774 (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae in the lower Rio Negro, Central Amazon Region, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Mansur Pimpão

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O rio Negro é um dos maiores afluentes do rio Amazonas, mas poucos moluscos foram registrados até o momento para aquele rio, representados apenas por gastrópodes. Foi registrada a presença do molusco bivalve exótico Corbicula fluminea na margem esquerda do baixo rio Negro, no lago do Tupé e no Catalão - margem direita do rio Negro, todas localidades no município de Manaus, Brasil. O registro foi realizado por meio da coleta de conchas e espécimes vivos. É o primeiro registro de C. fluminea para o estado do Amazonas e Amazônia central.The Rio Negro is one of the biggest Rio Amazonas tributaries. Few molluscs have been registered to that river yet, represented only by gastropods. It is reported the occurrence of the exotic bivalve mollusc Corbicula fluminea in left bank margin of Rio Negro, Lago do Tupé and Catalão - right bank margin of Rio Negro, all localities in the municipality of Manaus, Brazil. The species is recorded by a collection of shells and specimens alive. This is the first occurrence of C. fluminea in the Amazon State and Central Amazon.

  1. Collaborative Learning is an Effective Method for Improving the E-health Literacy of Older Adults in the Community. A Review of: Xie, B. (2011. Older adults, e-health literacy, and collaborative learning: An experimental study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(5, 933-946. doi: 10.1002/asi.21507

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresa S. Arndt

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether collaborative learning strategies in an informal class setting can improve electronic health literacy skills of older adults.Design – Pre- and post-test instruments used to measure effects of an educational intervention.Setting – Small group classes offered at two branches of a large, publicly funded, urban public library in Maryland.Subjects – A total of 111 adults aged 52 to 91, mean age 70.4 (SD 8.0, completed the study. The majority of participants were from minority populations (66% African American, 3% Latino, 3% Asian. Thirty three percent of participants reported an annual household income below $20,000. Eight percent were non-native English speakers. The majority of participants had low-level or no computer/Internet experience prior to the study.Methods – Collaborative learning strategies were used in small group hands-on computer classes to deliver a standardized curriculum (Helping Older Adults Search for Health Information Online: A Toolkit for Trainers from the National Institute on Aging. Strategies employed were: explicit statement of group/participatory nature of class, periodic peer shared reflection times during class, active encouragement of discussion between peers, hands-on work with partners, group discussion of real-life questions from participants, and structured shared reflection time at the close of each session. Participants were recruited through local advertisements. No incentive other than the free classes was offered. Groups met for two hours, twice a week for four weeks. Assessment was via pre and post-tests. General computing knowledge/skills were measured using objective tests of abilities. Questions from several established scales were adapted for additional assessment. E-health literacy was measured using questions of perceived skill and comfort in finding health information online; perceived usefulness of the Internet for help making health decisions; and perceived importance of the Internet for obtaining health information. Subjects were also asked to report on changes to their health behaviour/decision- making post intervention, and learning effort expended during the study. Additional questions measured psychological adjustment to later life, attitudes toward computers, attitude toward the aging experience, and attitude toward the collaborative learning method and the class.Main Results – A dependent t-test analysis indicated strong significant gains post-test in computing/Internet knowledge and skills, and in e-health literacy efficacy (perceived skills/comfort with using the Internet for health information and decision-making. Pre-test results showed participants to be low on these measures, leaving much room for improvement. Perception of the usefulness and importance of the Internet for health decision-making also showed strong gains.Significant positive changes were also found in these areas of attitude: reduction of computer anxiety, attitude toward physical changes associated with aging, and improvement in attitude toward the collaborative learning method.A majority of participants indicated altering health-related behaviours as a result of the class, including changing the way they think about diet or exercise, changing the way they cope with a condition, and changing their approach to maintaining health.The results showed no significant change in self-esteem, self-efficacy, and psychological attitudes toward aging. Computer interest and efficacy also showed no significant change, perhaps because participants already measured high in these prior to the intervention.The amount of time participants spent preparing for class correlated significantly to e-health literacy efficacy and perceived importance of Internet health information, but not to other outcome measures.Group composition (gender, peer familiarity, prior computer experience did not affect outcomes; however composition was uneven, as groups were small and variable in size, and 71% of participants were female.Conclusion – The study supports the use of a collaborative learning approach to effectively deliver e-health literacy instruction to older adults in a community setting.

  2. SIFILIS SEKUNDER DENGAN GEJALA NON-SPESIFIK PADA SEORAANG PRIA DEWASA: LAPORAN KASUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Galih SIliwangi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Sifilis sekunder ditandai dengan munculnya ruam di kulit dan selaput lendir, kadangdisertai demam dan malaise. Gejala klinis siflis sekunder bisa mengenaikulit mukosa,kulit kepala, kelenjar limfe dan generalisata. Dilaporkan satu kasus sifilis sekunder padaseorang pria berusia 22 tahun. Gejala yang muncul berupa papul di anus disertai dengannyeri dan gatal sejak 3 bulan. Pada pemeriksaan serologidi dapatkan VDRL reaktif 1 :16, TPHA reaktif 1 : 2560 dan DFM negatif. Pengobatan diberikan injeksi BenzatinPenicilin 2,4 juta IU dosis tunggal. Prognosis penderita baik.

  3. 老年患者梅毒螺旋体抗体阳性临床分析%Clinical analysis of positive Treponema pallidum antibody in elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱守兰; 邢丽华; 杜华杰; 周淑芬

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical significance of positive anti - Treponema pallidum. (TP) antibody in elderly patients. Methods The samples of positive Treponema pallidum antibody from 98 elderly patients were screened by enzyme linked immune adsorption assay ( ELISA) before the positive samples underwent Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA) and rapid plasma regaining detection diagnostic tests ( RPR). All the experimental results were statistically analyzed. Results Among the 98 TP - ELISA positive samples, TPHA was confirmed in 48 cases, the positive coincidence rate being 48. 98%. RPR was detected in 44 cases, 16 of whom were confirmed positive by TPHA. Conclusions The body of elderly patients has anti - Iipid antibodies and anti -TP antibodies. The presence of positive Treponema pallidum antibody cannot be interpreted as hard evidence of infection with syphilis.%目的 探讨老年患者梅毒螺旋体( Treponema pallidum,TP)抗体阳性的临床价值.方法 对98例老年人采用酶联免疫吸附试验( ELISA)筛查梅毒抗体阳性标本,分别进行梅毒螺旋体血球凝集试验(treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay,TPHA)检测和快速血浆反应素诊断试验(rapid plasma regaining,RPR)检测,对实验结果 进行统计分析.结果 98例TP- ELISA阳性标本,用TPHA法检测阳性48例,阳性符合率48.98%.RPR法检测阳性44例,该44例仅16例用TPHA确证阳性.结论 老年人梅毒血清学试验阳性,只提示其体内有抗类脂抗体或抗TP抗体存在,不能作为感染梅毒螺旋体的绝对依据.

  4. Tropical leg ulcers in children: more than yaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fegan, David; Glennon, Mary Jacqueline; Kool, Jacob; Taleo, Fasihah

    2016-04-01

    The management of yaws has changed in recent years. Mass treatment with oral azithromycin has replaced intramuscular benzathine benzylpenicillin. Treponemal and non-treponemal serology (equivalent to TPHA and RPR) point-of-care blood testing is now available. In addition, recent studies in yaws endemic regions have shown that a significant number of leg ulcers in children which are clinically suggestive of yaws are caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. It is noteworthy that the World Health Organization has also set the ambitious goal to eliminate yaws by 2020.

  5. Serially Connected Micro Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells for Compact High-Voltage Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiyoon Nam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We demonstrate a compact amorphous silicon (a-Si solar module to be used as high-voltage power supply. In comparison with the organic solar module, the main advantages of the a-Si solar module are its compatibility with photolithography techniques and relatively high power conversion efficiency. The open circuit voltage of a-Si solar cells can be easily controlled by serially interconnecting a-Si solar cells. Moreover, the a-Si solar module can be easily patterned by photolithography in any desired shapes with high areal densities. Using the photolithographic technique, we fabricate a compact a-Si solar module with noticeable photovoltaic characteristics as compared with the reported values for high-voltage power supplies.

  6. Saku ja A. Le Coq võitsid väiketootjailt turgu / Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajalo, Priit, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 14. nov., lk 4. Kui selle aasta esimese üheksa kuuga AS-i Saku Õlletehas ja AS-i A. Le Coqi Tartu Õlletehas turuosa kasvas, siis väikeste õlletootjate - AS-i Viru Õlu, AS-i Pärnu Õlu, AS-i Nigula Õlu ja AS-i Sillamäe Õlletehas - turuosad kahanesid või jäid samale tasemele. Suuremate õlletehaste esindajate sõnul peaksid väikesed õlletehased keskenduma pigem spetsiifiliste nishiõllede tootmisele. Tabel: Saku püsib liidrikohal

  7. Clinical analysis on 12 cases of syphilitic optic neuritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin LI

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and pathophysiological mechanism of syphilitic optic neuritis.  Methods The clinical signs and symptoms, laboratory tests, electrophysiological examinations, imaging features, treatment and prognosis of 12 cases with syphilitic optic neuritis admitted in our hospital from January 2014 to March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.  Results The main clinical manifestation was vision loss in 12 patients (18 eyes, with acute or subacute onset, monocular attack or one after other. Degrees of visual loss differed among these patients. They also presented visual field defect and ocular fundus changes. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF examination showed increased white blood cell and protein. Rapid plasma reagin (RPR assay and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA in serum were positive. RPR assay/toluidine red unheated serum test (TRUST and TPHA in CSF were positive. Visual-evoked potential (VEP showed prolonged latency and declined amplitude of P100 wave. MRI revealed optic atrophy, abnormal signs in medial orbital part or overall length of optic nerve. The vision was improved after intravenous injection of aqueous penicillin and muscular injection of benzathine benzylpenicillin.  Conclusions Neurosyphilis is a rare cause of optic neuritis. Differential diagnosis should be paid attention on syphilitic optic neuritis from idiopathic optic neuritis and ischemic optic neuropathy. Serologic test and CSF examination will be helpful for a clear diagnosis. Besides, early diagnosis and standard therapy are essential for vision recovery. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2016.07.007

  8. CLINICAL EVALUATION OF FOUR RECOMBINANT TREPONEMA PALLIDUM ANTIGEN-BASED RAPID TESTS IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF SYPHILIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin-na Wang; Lei Yang; He-yi Zheng

    2007-01-01

    To assess the sensitivity, specificity, and feasibility of 4 recombinant Treponema pallidum antigenbased rapid tests in the diagnosis of syphilis.Methods A total of 970 outpatients were selected from the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centre of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Venous blood was collected and serum was extracted. T. pallidum antibodies in whole blood, anticoagulant whole blood, and serum were detected using 4 recombinant T. pallidum antigen-based rapid tests.T. pallidum haemagglutination test (TPHA) was considered as the gold standard for the detection of T. pallidum specific antibodies in serum. The sensitivities and specificities of four methods were analyzed.Results The sensitivities and specificities of Abbott Determine Syphilis TP test, SD-BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test,VISITECT-SYPHILIS test, and Syphicheck-WB test for serum specimens were 100% and 98.9%, 95.7% and 98.0%, 94.6% and 98.2%, 68.1% and 98.9%; for whole blood were 74.1% and 99.5%, 87.9% and 99.4%,73.2% and 99.7%, 64.7% and 99.7%. The observed sensitivities of the 4 rapid diagnosis tests were not significantly different with TPHA ( P>0.05 ).Conclusions The 4 rapid tests show good performance and characteristics in the diagnosis of syphilis. Furthermore, they are more sensitive for serum specimens than whole blood.

  9. Ocular syphilis presenting as unilateral chorioretinitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Pai

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Syphilis is a multi systemic infection caused by Treponema pallidum. Ocular manifestations of Syphilis have a myriad of presentations and severity. A 31year old male patient was referred from ophthalmology department as a case of chorioretinitis for screening for syphilis. Patient had diminished vision and redness of right eye for 2 months duration. History of premarital exposure and extramarital contact was present. Ocular examination revealed - Rt eye: conjunctival congestion and Argyll Robertson pupil; Lt eye: normal. Fundoscopy of right eye showed yellowish white retinal lesions, macular edema and hyperaemia and left eye was normal .No genital lesion, scars or cutaneous lesion was present.VDRL was reactive in 1 dilution,TPHA was positive ; HIV test was negative ; CSF revealed VDRL - Negative and TPHA -Negative.Patient was treated with Injection procaine penicillin 1.2 Million units intramuscularly daily for 21 days. The patient responded well to treatment and there was improvement in his vision. Ocular Syphilis can occur at any stage of Syphilis and may be the only presenting sign. Syphilis serology was positive confirming the disease.This case highlights the importance of syphilis with ocular manifestation - there by proving that diagnosis of syphilis based on ocular finding is clinically challenging.

  10. 76 FR 11174 - Airworthiness Directives; Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation Model S-76A, S-76B, and S-76C Helicopters...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ...-41A. Remove the safety pin, P/N ASI-700-80. Remove and discard any ball bearings, and clean all... safety pin. Release the cable from the broom closet. Reinstall the cable to the handle with the clevis... (handle assembly), P/N ASI-700-41A. (h) Remove the safety pin, P/N ASI-700-80. (i) Remove and discard...

  11. Kommunikatsiooni korraldamine börsiettevõtetes / Triinu Tarkin, Signe Kukin, Marit Vooremäe ... [jt.] ; intervjueerinud Küllike Heide ; kommenteerinud Ott Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Milliste eripäradega peavad börsiettevõtted oma kommunikatsioonitegevuse planeerimisel arvestama. Finantskommunikatsiooni vestlusringis osalesid Baltika finantsjuht Triinu Tarkin, Merko Ehituse kontserni finantsjuht Signe Kukin, Tallinna Kaubamaja AS-i finantsdirektor Marit Vooremäe, AS-i Tallinna Vesi kommunikatsioonijuht Mariliis Mia Topp, Tallinki kommunikatsioonijuht Luulea Lääne ja AS-i Nordecon investorsuhete juht Andri Hõbemägi

  12. Pikka planeerimist segab turu kiire muutus / Urve Vilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilk, Urve

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 9. jaan. 2008 lk. 16. Personali- ja koolitusjuhid koolituste vajadusest ja planeerimisest. Vt. samas: Ettevõtted koostavad koolituskava peamiselt arenguvestluste alusel; Hinna järsuks tõusuks valmis ei olda. Lisa: Mis aitab määratleda koolitusvajadust? Kommenteerivad: ASi Tele2 Eesti personalijuht Ülle Filin, ASi Kunda Nordic Tsement personalijuht Ülle Kukk, ASi Viisnurk personalijuht Riina Tomast

  13. Eesti tootja mööbel ei püsi Euroopas konkurentsis / August Kull ; ref. Gea Velthut-Sokka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, August

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 15. okt. lk. 15. AS-i Thulema juhatuse esimehe August Kulli ettekandest Äripäeva konverentsil Äriplaan 2004. Eesti mööblitööstusest, AS-i Thulema eesmärgist. Kommenteerib AS-i Standard juhataja Priit Tamm. Vt. samas: Mööblituru märksõnadeks on eksport ja omatoode. Lisa: Mööblituru prognoosid aastaks 2004 tagasihoidlikud

  14. Sissejuhatus rahandussse / Irina Esko, Jelena Demjanova, Maksim Panfilov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esko, Irina, 1959-

    2000-01-01

    Järg nr. 2, lk. 29-34; nr.3 lk. 33-36. Ilmunud ka: nr.5 lk. 31-34 art. Uus on unustatud vana. Bilansi struktuur, aktsiaseltside kolm arenguvarianti ja kolme tüüpi suhted: ASi aktsionärid, ASi palgatöötajad ja ASi juhid. Aktsiaseltside loomise ajaloost. Firmasisesed suhted, investeeringute hindamise printsiip - Discounted Cash Flow, investeeringute vajaduse tekkepõhjused, firma turuväärtus

  15. Internet seinakontaktist on tulevikumuusika / Kai Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simson, Kai

    2004-01-01

    Näitusel Enerex 2004 tutvustas Schneider Electric Eesti AS esmakordselt Power Line Communicationi (PLC) ühendust, millega saab Internetti edastada ja jagada elektrivõrgu kaudu. Kommenteerivad Fortum Elekter AS-i Läänemaa regiooni võrgujuht Kaupo Kuurberg, Elion Ettevõtted AS-i meediasuhete juht Ain Parmas ja Eesti Energia Televõrgu AS-i juhataja Urmas Aiaste

  16. Konkurents euroliidu automüügis pingeline / Tõnu Tramm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tramm, Tõnu, 1968-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti esimese autokaubamaja Premium Motors AS-i tegevuse alustamine võib mõjutada ametlike autoesinduste tegevust, hinnapoliitikat, turupositsioone ja kliendisuhteid. Artiklis võrdlevad Eesti ja Euroopa Liidu olukorda Premium Motors AS-i nõukogu liige Tiit Arge, HMR Baltic OÜ nõukogu esimees Jürgen Vester ja Info Auto AS-i peadirektor Kaupo Katkosilt. Vt. samas: Romud kaovad Eesti teedelt

  17. Penetapan Kadar Kalsium Dan Besi Pada Bubur Bayi Instan Yang Beredar Di Kota Medan Secara Spektrofotometri Serapan Atom

    OpenAIRE

    Marpaung, Elsa Elfrida

    2015-01-01

    Kalsium dan besi merupakan mineral yang diperlukan oleh bayi yang sedang bertumbuh dan jumlah yang diperlukan melebihi jumlah yang diperoleh dari ASI. Oleh karena itu, bayi harus mendapat makanan tambahan disamping ASI. Makanan pendamping ASI seperti bubur susu merupakan sumber yang baik bagi beberapa vitamin dan mineral seperti kalsium dan besi dalam kadar tertentu yang cukup untuk memenuhi kebutuhan bayi dalam hal pembentukan tulang dan gigi serta hemoglobin. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah un...

  18. The role of hydrogenated amorphous silicon oxide buffer layer on improving the performance of hydrogenated amorphous silicon germanium single-junction solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sritharathikhun, Jaran; Inthisang, Sorapong; Krajangsang, Taweewat; Krudtad, Patipan; Jaroensathainchok, Suttinan; Hongsingtong, Aswin; Limmanee, Amornrat; Sriprapha, Kobsak

    2016-12-01

    Hydrogenated amorphous silicon oxide (a-Si1-xOx:H) film was used as a buffer layer at the p-layer (μc-Si1-xOx:H)/i-layer (a-Si1-xGex:H) interface for a narrow band gap hydrogenated amorphous silicon germanium (a-Si1-xGex:H) single-junction solar cell. The a-Si1-xOx:H film was deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) at 40 MHz in a same processing chamber as depositing the p-type layer. An optimization of the thickness of the a-Si1-xOx:H buffer layer and the CO2/SiH4 ratio was performed in the fabrication of the a-Si1-xGex:H single junction solar cells. By using the wide band gap a-Si1-xOx:H buffer layer with optimum thickness and CO2/SiH4 ratio, the solar cells showed an improvement in the open-circuit voltage (Voc), fill factor (FF), and short circuit current density (Jsc), compared with the solar cells fabricated using the conventional a-Si:H buffer layer. The experimental results indicated the excellent potential of the wide-gap a-Si1-xOx:H buffer layers for narrow band gap a-Si1-xGex:H single junction solar cells.

  19. Panga huvide kaitse ja probleemide analüüs krediiditehingutes imporditava kauba tagatisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Enn Leet ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Kaupo Paal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leet, Enn

    2004-01-01

    Kaup ja asi, tollilao mõiste ja õiguslik rezhiim, käsipant finantseerimistehingute tagatisena, registerpant, tagatisomandamine, panga positsioon krediidisaaja pankrotimenetluses, panditud asja realiseerimine

  20. Lõhmuse tutvuskond toetab Eesti IT-sektorit / Viktoria Korpan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korpan, Viktoria, 1976-

    1999-01-01

    Investeerimispank Lõhmus, Haavel & Viisemann (LHV) kavandab aktsiaemissiooni ASi New Economy Ventures (NEV) jaoks, et teha selle kaudu investeeringuid infotehnoloogiafirmadesse. Sama plaan on investeerimisfirmal Trigon Capital

  1. Eestis alustatakse biodiisli tootmist / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Biodiesel omanikud otsustasid biodiislikütust tootva tehase ehitada Harjumaale Paldiskisse. Omanikud loodavad peaministrilt positiivset vastust aktsiisimaksu vabastuse kohta biodiisli turustamisel

  2. Effect of Astragaloside IV on Neural Stem Cell Transplantation in Alzheimer’s Disease Rat Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Haiyan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Stem cell-based therapy is a promising treatment strategy for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD. However, the mechanism underlying the maintenance of renewal and replacement capabilities of endogenous progenitor cells or engrafted stem cells in a pathological environment remains elusive. To investigate the effect of astragaloside IV (ASI on the proliferation and differentiation of the engrafted neural stem cells (NSCs, we cultured NSCs from the hippocampus of E14 rat embryos, treated the cells with ASI, and then transplanted the cells into the hippocampus of rat AD models. In vitro experimentation showed that 10−5 M ASI induced NSCs to differentiate into β-tubulin III+ and GFAP+ cells. NSCs transplantation into rat AD models resulted in improvements in learning and memory, especially in the ASI-treated groups. ASI treatment resulted in an increase in the number of β-tubulin III+ cells in the hippocampus. Further investigation showed that ASI inhibited PS1 expression in vitro and in vivo. The high-dose ASI downregulated the Notch intracellular domain, whereas the low-dose ASI increased Notch-1 and NICD. In conclusion, ASI treatment resulted in improvements in learning and memory of AD models by promoting NSC proliferation and differentiation partly through the Notch signal pathway.

  3. Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel bi-functional α-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor from Hevea brasiliensis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunyatang, Orawan; Chirapongsatonkul, Nion; Bangrak, Phuwadol; Henry, Robert; Churngchow, Nunta

    2016-04-01

    A novel cDNA encoding a bi-functional α-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor (HbASI) was isolated from rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) leaves cultivar RRIM600. The HbASI had strong homology with the soybean trypsin inhibitor (Kunitz) family of protease inhibitors. Its putative amino acid sequence was similar to that of the α-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor from Ricinus communis (72% identity). Genomic sequencing indicated that the HbASI gene contained no introns. The messenger RNA of HbASI was detected in leaf, hypocotyl and root. The recombinant HbASI expressed extracellularly in Pichia pastoris exhibited inhibitory activity against α-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae, trypsin and subtilisin A. The HbASI gene was induced in the rubber leaves infected with a rubber tree pathogen, Phytophthora palmivora. It was also enhanced by salicylic acid (SA) treatment and mechanical wounding. In addition, the biological activity of the HbASI protein involving in the plant defence responses was also investigated. The HbASI at a concentration of 0.16 mg mL(-1) could inhibit the mycelium growth of P. palmivora. These data suggested that the HbASI protein might play a crucial role in defence against pathogen of rubber trees.

  4. Three-Terminal Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng-Hung Tai; Chu-Hsuan Lin; Chih-Ming Wang; Chun-Chieh Lin

    2011-01-01

    Many defects exist within amorphous silicon since it is not crystalline. This provides recombination centers, thus reducing the efficiency of a typical a-Si solar cell. A new structure is presented in this paper: a three-terminal a-Si solar cell. The new back-to-back p-i-n/n-i-p structure increased the average electric field in a solar cell. A typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was also simulated for comparison using the same thickness and material parameters. The 0.28 μm-thick three-terminal a-Si...

  5. Estonia halts expansion of "expensive" windmills / Kairi Kurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurm, Kairi

    2005-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi osakonnajuhataja Einari Kisel ja AS-i Tuulepargid tegevdirektor Hannu Lamp tuuleenergia tootmisest Eestis. Tabelid: Iga-aastane tuuleenergia tootmine Euroopa Liidus; Planeeritud tuuleenergia tootmine

  6. Kapital kapitalnogo stroitelstva / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2007-01-01

    Eesti suurima betoontoodete ja teraskonstruktsioonide tootja AS-i Narva Bark tegevus on suunatud tarbijate kasvava nõudluse rahuldamisele, pakkudes stabiilse kvaliteediga tooteid juba peaaegu 50 aastat

  7. Tiskresse rajatakse Aaviku elamurajoon / Tiit Nurklik ; interv. Harri Treial

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurklik, Tiit

    2001-01-01

    Elamurajooni ehitama hakkava KMG Ehitus AS-i direktor M. Nurklik elamurajooni planeeringust, elamute arhitektuurist, hoonevariantidest, ruumijaotusest, konstruktsioonidest, väliskattest jm. Arhitekt Emil Urbel

  8. DanRIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, Carl Verner

    2009-01-01

    Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009......Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009...

  9. Miks sponsoreerivad ettevõtted suurüritusi? / Frank Svenhard, Liivi Tadolder ; interv. Annika Rõõmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Svenhard, Frank

    2006-01-01

    ALD Automotive Baltikumi tegevdirektor ja AS-i Liviko turundusjuht valikutest sponsoreerimisel, koostööst sponsoreeritavate organisatsioonidega, rahvusvahelise juhtimiskonverentsi EC2006 toetamisest

  10. Turundus muutub loomingulisemaks / Eili Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Eili

    2008-01-01

    Turundusest majandusliku languse tingimustes. Kommenteerivad: Rimi Eesti Food ASi turundus- ja kommunikatsioonijuht Evelin Mägioja; AS Baltika turundusdirektor Anu-Mall Naarits; Liviko juhatuse esimees Janek Kalvi

  11. The model of solid phase crystallization of amorphous silicon under elastic stress

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Solid phase crystallization of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) film stressed by a Si3N4 cap was studied by laser Raman spectroscopy. The a-Si films were deposited on Si3N4 (50 nm)/Si(100) substrate by rf sputtering. The stress in an a-Si film was controlled by thickness of a Si3N4 cap layer. The Si3N4 films were also deposited by rf sputtering. It was observed that the crystallization was affected by the stress in a-Si films introduced by the Si3N4 cap layer. The study suggests that the elastic s...

  12. Band gap tuning of armchair silicene nanoribbons using periodic hexagonal holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mehdi Aghaei, Sadegh; Calizo, Irene, E-mail: icalizo@fiu.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33174 (United States)

    2015-09-14

    The popularity of graphene owing to its unique and exotic properties has triggered a great deal of interest in other two-dimensional nanomaterials. Among them silicene shows considerable promise for electronic devices with a carrier mobility comparable to graphene, flexible buckled structure, and expected compatibility with silicon electronics. Using first-principle calculations based on density functional theory, the electronic properties of armchair silicene nanoribbons perforated with periodic nanoholes (ASiNRPNHs) are investigated. Two different configurations of mono-hydrogenated (:H) and di-hydrogenated (:2H) silicene edges are considered. Pristine armchair silicene nanoribbons (ASiNRs) can be categorized into three branches with width W = 3P − 1, 3P, and 3P + 1, P is an integer. The order of their energy gaps change from “E{sub G} (3P − 1) < E{sub G} (3P) < E{sub G} (3P + 1)” for W-ASiNRs:H to “E{sub G} (3P + 1) < E{sub G} (3P − 1) < E{sub G} (3P)” for W-ASiNRs:2H. We found the band gaps of W-ASiNRs:H and (W + 2)-ASiNRs:2H are slightly different, giving larger band gaps for wider ASiNRs:2H. ASiNRPNHs' band gaps changed based on the nanoribbon's width, nanohole's repeat periodicity and position relative to the nanoribbon's edge compared to pristine ASiNRs because of changes in quantum confinement strength. ASiNRPNHs:2H are more stable than ASiNRPNHs:H and their band gaps are noticeably greater than ASiNRPNHs:H. We found that the value of energy band gap for 12-ASiNRPNHs:2H with repeat periodicity of 2 is 0.923 eV. This value is about 2.2 times greater than pristine ASiNR:2H and double that of the 12-ASiNRPNHs:H with repeat periodicity of 2.

  13. Investigating High-Resolution AMSR2 Sea Ice Concentrations during the February 2013 Fracture Event in the Beaufort Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Beitsch

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Leads with a length on the order of 1000 km occurred in the Beaufort Sea in February 2013. These leads can be observed in Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS images under predominantly clear sky conditions. Sea ice concentrations (SIC derived from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2 using the Bootstrap (BST algorithm fail to show the lead occurrences, as is visible in the MODIS images. In contrast, SIC derived from AMSR2 using the Arctic Radiation and Turbulence Interaction Study (ARTIST sea ice algorithm (ASI reveal the lead structure, due to the higher spatial resolution possible when using 89-GHz channel data. The ASI SIC are calculated from brightness temperatures interpolated on three different grids with resolutions of 3.125 km (ASI-3k, 6.25 km (ASI-6k and 12.5 km (ASI-12k to investigate the effect of the spatial resolution. Single-swath data is used to study the effect of temporal sampling in comparison to daily averages. For a region of interest in the Beaufort Sea, BST and ASI-3k show area-averaged SIC of 97%±0.7% and 93%±7.0%, respectively. For ASI-6k, the area-averaged SIC are similar to ASI-3k, while ASI-12k data show more agreement with BST. Visual comparison with MODIS True Color imagery exhibits good agreement with ASI-3k. In particular, ASI-3k are able to reproduce lead structure and size in the sea ice cover, which are not or are less visible in the other SIC data. The results will be valuable for selecting a SIC data product for studies of the interaction between ocean, ice, and atmosphere in the polar regions.

  14. {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar thermo-chronology and lithospheric mechanisms. Methodological and applied approach: the Kunlun range (Asia) and the Afar triple junction area (East Africa); Thermochronologie {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar et mecanismes lithospheriques. Approche methodologique et appliquee: exemples de la chaine du Kunlun (Asie) et de la jonction triple de l'Afar (Afrique de l'Est)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mock, C

    1998-12-04

    A {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar thermo-chronological study has been carried out for two contrasted geodynamic settings: - the Eastern Kunlun range (Northern Tibet), in order to characterize the lithospheric deformation mechanisms related to the India-Asia collision; - the Afar triple junction area (East Africa), in order to constrain the timing of mantle plume-related basement uplift in Ethiopia and Yemen, which will indicate whether rifting was active or passive. In the Kunlun, the cooling event (9-15 deg.C/Ma) outlined at 30 Ma for the granitoids (Bt = 128-138 Ma; Kf = 102-147 Ma) reflects a denudation event (0.2-0.3 km/Ma), related to ramp stacking and normal faulting with associated uplift. This unroofing period is coeval with the great Asian strike-slip faults. This suggests that 30 Ma ago, the India-Asia collision was accommodated by lateral extrusion along great strike-slip faults, which might have led to local crustal thickening because of the formation of anticlines from major thrusts 'branching' from the Kunlun fault. In the Afar area the Panafrican basement (granitoids = 462-678 Ma;metamorphic rocks 505-750 Ma) has undergone a reheating event during the Cenozoic; its temperature is estimated around 138-177 deg.C over the last 50 Ma for a depth of 2 km, implying a thermal gradient of 69-88 deg./km. This reheating event results from both heat conduction, related to the mantle plume. and heat advection. because of magma transfer. However, it was not possible to define the timing of the mantle plume-related basement uplift. This study outlines the important thermal effect of continental flood basalts on the crust and suggests that the {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar thermo-chronology does not allow to characterize the denudation of the lithosphere for an extension-type geodynamic setting. Finally, some of the results suggest that diffusion in the laboratory and in nature may be different. {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar thermo-chronological analysis thus might be tricky, especially in investigating geologic formations partially reheated. (author)

  15. Making Life Easier for the Visually Impaired Web Searcher: It Is Now Clearer How This Should and Can Be Done, but Implementation Lags. A Review of: Sahib, N. G., Tombros, A., & Stockman, T. (2012. A comparative analysis of the information-seeking behavior of visually impaired and sighted searchers. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2, 377–391. doi: 10.1002/asi.21696

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Laval Hunsucker

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine how the behaviour of visually impaired persons significantly differs from that of sighted persons in the carrying out of complex search tasks on the internet.Design – A comparative observational user study, plus semi-structured interviews.Setting – Not specified.Subjects – 15 sighted and 15 visually impaired persons, all of them experienced and frequent Internet search engine users, of both sexes and varying in age from early twenties to mid-fifties.Methods – The subjects carried out self selected complex search tasks on their own equipment and in their own familiar environments. The investigators observed this activity to some extent directly, but for the most part via video camera, through use of a screen-sharing facility, or with screen-capture software. They distinguished four stages of search task activity: query formulation, search results exploration, query reformulation, and search results management. The visually impaired participants, of whom 13 were totally blind and two had only marginal vision, were all working with text-to-speech screen readers and depended exclusively for all their observed activity on those applications’ auditory output. For data analysis, the investigators devised a grounded-theory based coding scheme. They employed a search log format for deriving further quantitative data which they later controlled for statistical significance (two-tailed unpaired t-test; p Main Results – The investigators found significant differences between the sighted participants’ search behaviour and that of the visually impaired searchers. The latter displayed a clearly less “orienteering” (O'Day & Jeffries, 1993 disposition and style, more often starting out with already relatively long and comprehensive combinations of relatively precise search terms; “their queries were more expressive” (p. 386. They submitted fewer follow-up queries, and were considerably less inclined to attempt query reformulation. They were aiming to achieve a satisfactory search outcome in a single step. Nevertheless, they rarely employed advanced operators, and made far less use (in only 4 instances of their search engine’s query-support features than did the sighted searchers (37 instances. Fewer of them (13% ventured beyond the first page of the results returned for their query by the search engine than was the case among the sighted searchers (43%. They viewed fewer (a mean of 4.27, as opposed to 13.40 retrieved pages, and they visited fewer external links (6 visits by 4 visually impaired searchers, compared with 34 visits by 11 sighted searchers. The visually impaired participants more frequently engaged in note taking than did the sighted participants.The visually impaired searchers were in some cases, the investigators discovered, unaware of search engine facilities or searching tactics which might have improved their search outcomes. Yet even when they were aware of these, they very often chose not to employ them because doing so via their screen readers would have cost them more time and effort than they were willing to expend. In general, they were more diffident and less resourceful than the sighted searchers, and had more trust in the innate capacity and reliability of their search engine to return in an efficient manner the best available results.Conclusion – Despite certain inherent limitations of the present study (the relatively small sample sizes and the non-randomness of the purposive sighted-searcher sample, the possible presence of extraneous variables, the impossibility of entirely ruling out familiarity bias, its findings strongly support the conclusion that working with today’s search engine user interfaces through the intermediation of currently available assistive technologies necessarily imposes severe limits on the degree to which visually impaired persons can efficiently search the web for information relevant to their needs. The findings furthermore suggest that there are various measures that it would be possible to take toward alleviating the situation, in the form of further improvements to retrieval systems, to search interfaces, and to text-to-speech screen readers. Such improvements would include: more accessible system hints to support a better, and less cognitively intensive, query formulation; web page layouts which are more suitable to screen-reader intermediation; a results presentation which more readily facilitates browsing and exploratory behaviour, preferably including auditory previews and overviews; presentation formats which allow for quicker and more accurate relevance judgments; mechanisms for (a better monitoring of search progress.In any event, further information behaviour studies ought now to be conducted, with the specific aim of more closely informing the development of user interfaces which will offer the kind of support that visually impaired Internet searchers are most in need of. Success in this undertaking will ultimately contribute to the further empowerment of visually disabled persons and thereby facilitate efforts to combat social exclusion.

  16. Maja keskmine hind on 10 000 kr/m2 / Maria Rähn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rähn, Maria

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 3. märts lk. 16. Benno Ehitus AS-i hinnaspetsialist Ants Mihkelson ja AS-i Gerberos AMS projektijuht Heldur Löve eramu hinna kujunemisest ja seda mõjutavatest teguritest. Diagramm: Vundament ja majakarp moodustavad poole eramu hinnast. Vt. samas: Ehitusfirma praagi vastu aitab kindlustus

  17. Sufficiency and Deficiency Indices of Soil Available Zinc for Rice in the Alluvial Soil of the Coastal Yellow Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    To determine the sufficiency and deficiency indices of soil available Zn by the Agro Services International (ASI) method (ASI-Zn) for Zn fertilizer recommendation in rice production in the alluvial soil of the coastal Yellow Sea, the relationship between relative rice yield and soil available ASI-Zn concentration was analyzed from a ten-field experiment with various soil test classes ranging from low to high fertility in 2005 and 2006, and nine Zn fertilizer application rates (0, 7.5,15, 22.5, 30, 37.5, 45, 52.5 and 60 kg Zn/ha) arranged at random with three replications in each field. There was a significant quadratic relationship between soil available ASI-Zn and rice yield, and a significant linear relationship between soil available ASI-Zn concentration and Zn fertilization rate. For rice variety Wuyujing 3, soil available ASI-Zn was deficient when the value was at lower than 1 mg Zn/L, low at 1 to 2 mg Zn/L, sufficient at 1 to 2 mg Zn/L, excessive at higher than 7.5 mg Zn/L. Thus, Zn fertilizer recommendation could be done according to the sufficiency and deficiency indices of soil ASI-Zn. For most of alluvial soils of the coastal Yellow Sea in the study, the available ASI-Zn was lower than 1 mg Zn/L, and then the optimum application rate of Zn fertilizer was about 20 kg Zn/ha.

  18. Palverännaku tee õpetab kogemuse kaudu / Katri Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Katri

    2006-01-01

    Camino de Santiago ehk Santiago tee juhtimiskoolitusest. Kommenteerivad koolituse läbinud Mistra-Autexi projektijuht Siiri Vaaderpass, AS-i Saare Finants juhataja Alar Tõru, AS-i Tobaccoland Eesti juhatuse esimees Mall Bakler ning koolituse organisaator ja läbiviija Aira Tammemäe

  19. Milline oli teie esimene töökoht? / Raivo Vare, Rein Lang, Hans H Luik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vare, Raivo, 1958-

    2002-01-01

    Oma esimest töökohta meenutavad Tallinna abilinnapea, AS-i Trio LSL nõukogu esimees Rein Lang, AS-i Pakterminal juhatuse esimees Raivo Vare ja Eesti Ekspressi vastutav väljaandja ning Ekspress Grupi nõukogu liige Hans H. Luik

  20. Arco Vara müüs nõude Tederi firma vastu / Väinu Rozental ; kommenteerinud Hillar Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Arco Vara tütarettevõte Arco Investeeringute AS müüs temale kuuluva nõude Hillar Tederi firma Celia Crowd AS-i (endine Ühendatud Kapital) vastu AS-ile EMF Invest. Tehingu väärtus on 52 miljonit krooni

  1. The Anxiety Sensitivity Index--Revised: Confirmatory Factor Analyses, Structural Invariance in Caucasian and African American Samples, and Score Reliability and Validity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnau, Randolph C.; Broman-Fulks, Joshua J.; Green, Bradley A.; Berman, Mitchell E.

    2009-01-01

    The most commonly used measure of anxiety sensitivity is the 36-item Anxiety Sensitivity Index--Revised (ASI-R). Exploratory factor analyses have produced several different factors structures for the ASI-R, but an acceptable fit using confirmatory factor analytic approaches has only been found for a 21-item version of the instrument. We evaluated…

  2. Hea juht suudab töötajate stressi ennetada / Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Haapsalu Uksetehase, AS-i Koger & Partnerid, AS-i ABC King juhid tööstressi vastu võitlemise ja selle vältimise võimalustest. Kommenteerib Aira Tammemäe. Vt. samas: Piret Jamnes. Inimesed vajavad tunnustust ja tagasisidet

  3. Kindlustus on sõnast "kindlus" / Lauri Järg, Filipp Kuhharenok

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järg, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Inges Kindlustus tegevdirektor Lauri Järg ja reisikindlustuse tootejuht Filipp Kuhharenok selgitavad, mida silmas pidada reisikindlustuse valikul ning iseloomustavad Ingese poolt pakutavat reisikindlustust. Koostööpartneri arvamus: kommenteerib AS-i MootorReis turismiosakonna juhataja Margarita Prahnikova

  4. Производители мяса: ставка на качество / Ольга Кудрявцева

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кудрявцева, Ольга

    2011-01-01

    Maailma toiduaineteturu trendiks on toorainete kallinemisest tingitud hinnatõus. Eesti lihatööstused investeerivad praegu oma toodete kvaliteedi parandamisse. AS Rakvere Lihakombinaat on omandanud 98,84% Jelgavas Galas Kombinats aktsiatest. AS-i Rakvere Lihakombinaat ja Uvic AS-i juhtide kommentaare

  5. Rahvusvaheline bussiliiklus täna ja selle roll tulevikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    MootorReisi Aktsiaseltsi kümne aastaseks saamise puhul korraldati konverents "Rahvusvaheline bussiliiklus täna ja selle roll tulevikus". MootorReisi AS-i tekkimisest. Vt. samas: Intervjuu MootorReisi AS-i juhatuse esimees Hugo Osulaga

  6. Toidutööstuse kommunikatsioon mõjutab inimeste hoiakuid / Kairi Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Kairi

    2014-01-01

    Eesti Toiduainetööstuse Liidu juhi Sirje Potisepa, Premia Tallinna Külmhoone AS-i juhatuse esimehe Katre Kõvaski, Saku Õlletehase AS-i kommunikatsioonijuhi Kristiina Tambergi ja Idea PR-i vanemkonsultandi Egle Loori seisukohad toiduäri turunduse ja kommunikatsiooni teemal

  7. Война в Кивиыли / Артур Тооман

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тооман, Артур, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Kiviõli elanikele tekitab probleeme Kiviõli Keemiatööstuse OÜ poolt tekitatud õhureostus. Tehase esindajate vastuväiteid. Kiviõli keemiatööstuse OÜ, Eesti Energia Õlitööstus AS-i Narva tehase ja VKG Oil AS-i majandusnäitajad. Tabel

  8. Hobuperemehed / Paavo Kangur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangur, Paavo, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    AS-i Kommest Auto juhatuse esimees Toomas Rüütmann, AS-i Alexela Oil juhatuse esimees Heiti Hääl ja tema ettevõtjast abikaasa Reet Hääl ning ärimees Margus Kangur tegelevad hobusekasvatusega ja tunnevad huvi ratsaspordi arendamise vastu. Fotod

  9. Käibe kasvu TOP 100

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Käibe kasvu TOP 100. 2002. a. netokäibe kasvust Eesti Ehitus OÜ, Russian Estonian Railway Services OÜ, Baltic Pulp & Paper AS-i ja Water Ser AS-i näitel. Diagrammid. Kommenteerivad Selene Rebane ja Rivo Sarapik

  10. Ösel Foods paindub turul hästi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ösel Foods AS-i juhatuse esimees Kuldar Leis tutvustab ettevõtte tegevust, tootearendust ja müügistrateegiat ning võrdleb eestlaste maitsmismeelt ja tarbimisharjumusi naaberriikidega. Kommenteerib Põltsamaa Felix AS-i juhatuse esimees Andres Koern

  11. Плывут так, что брызги летят / Андрей Стрижалов, Александр Полупан, Виталий Петров ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    2009. aastal 50 parima masina- ja metallitööstusettevõtete hulka jõdnud Dvigatel Regital OÜ, Arrierum, Well Tehnoloogia OÜ, Faabula AS-i ja APL Production AS-i juhid räägivad ettevõtete tegevusest ja edaspidistest plaanidest

  12. Formula obnovlenija / Sandor Liive ; interv. Aleksei Zhigulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liive, Sandor

    2006-01-01

    Kaadrimuudatused AS-i Eesti Energia tütarfirmades, Narva Elektrijaamade arengustrateegia, põlevkivitüli Venemaaga, keskkonnakaitselised küsimused, Helsingi ja Tallinna vaheline veealuse kaabli projekt, valmisolek talveks, hinnang möödunud aastale ja kontserni tulevikuplaanid. Küsimustele vastab AS-i Eesti Energia uus juhatuse esimees Sandor Liive

  13. Miks ei taha Vene sõjalennukid tunnistada Eesti piiri? / Tiina Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ansip, Tiina

    2005-01-01

    Viimasel ajal on sagenenud Eesti õhupiiri rikkumised Vene sõjalennukite poolt. AS-i Lennujuhtimiskeskuse juhatuse esimehe Jaan Tamme sõnul on piiririkkumised tingitud pilootide vähesest navigeerimistäpsusest. Lennuliiklusteeninduse AS-i lennujuhtide tööst. Lisa: Surmaga lõppenud õnnetus sundis aparatuuri täiustama

  14. Nemad päästsid Eesti majanduse, sest loobusid raudteest / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2006-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on hea, et Raudtee Erastamise Rahva AS-i taha koondunud võimekate ärimeeste eliit Eesti Raudteed siiski ei erastanud. Nad leidsid rakendust teistel ärialadel, peamiselt kinnisvara valdkonnas, mis on toonud Eestile erakordse majanduskasvu. Lisa: RER Valduse AS-i asutajate suuremad ärihuvid

  15. Managing Cultural Variation in Software Process Improvement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kræmmergaard, Pernille; Müller, Sune Dueholm; Mathiassen, Lars

    CMMI level 2 as planned, ASY struggled to implement even modest improvements. To explain these differences, we analyzed the underlying organizational culture within ISY and ASY using two different methods for subculture assessment. The study demonstrates how variations in culture across software...

  16. Balteco sõtta kaasatud Meelis Lao, politsei, maksuamet ja USA kohus / Inno Tähismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tähismaa, Inno, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Vannifirma AS-i Balteco osaniku Rain Lõhmuse ning ettevõtte juhtkonna ja ülejäänud osanike vahelisest konfliktist. Balteco endise juhi Mati Vanni endise äripartneri Steve Dafferi süüdistustest Vanni praeguse firma AS-i Neoq vastu

  17. Tarmel seab sihid kõrgele / Liis Kängsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kängsepp, Liis, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Mööblitootjate TOP 50 3. koht. Tarmel AS-i juht Aare Paloots räägib vedrumadratsite tootmisest, eksporditurgudest ja ettevõtte strateegilistest eesmärkidest. Ettevõtte tegevust kommenteerivad Standard AS-i ja Tervise Paradiis OÜ esindajad. Lisa: Põhitoodangu moodustavad vedrumadratsid. Diagramm: Mullu kasvas kasum jõuliselt

  18. Dietary arginine silicate inositol complex inhibits periodontal tissue loss in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dundar, Serkan; Eltas, Abubekir; Hakki, Sema S; Malkoc, Sıddık; Uslu, M Ozay; Tuzcu, Mehmet; Komorowski, James; Ozercan, I Hanifi; Akdemir, Fatih; Sahin, Kazim

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to induce experimental periodontitis in rats previously fed diets containing arginine silicate inositol (ASI) complex and examine the biochemical, immunological, and radiological effects. Fifty two 8-week-old female Sprague Dawley rats were equally divided into four groups. The control group included those fed a standard rat diet with no operation performed during the experiment. The periodontitis, ASI I, and ASI II groups were subjected to experimental periodontitis induction for 11 days after being fed a standard rat diet alone, a diet containing 1.81 g/kg ASI complex, or a diet containing 3.62 g/kg ASI complex, respectively, for 8 weeks. Throughout the 11-day duration of periodontitis induction, all rats were fed standard feed. The rats were euthanized on the eleventh day, and their tissue and blood samples were collected. In the periodontitis group, elevated tissue destruction parameters and reduced tissue formation parameters were found, as compared to the ASI groups. Levels of enzymes, cytokines, and mediators associated with periodontal tissue destruction were lower in rats fed a diet containing ASI complex after experimental periodontitis. These results indicate that ASI complex could be an alternative agent for host modulation. PMID:27895467

  19. What’s My Lane? Identifying the State Government Role in Critical Infrastructure Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ASIS American Society for Industrial Security BZPP Buffer Zone Protection Program C/ACAMS Constellation...groups like the American Society for Industrial Security ( ASIS ) to enhance their understanding of critical infrastructure protection, industrial...University Press, 2006. Bryson, John M. Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass, 2004. “Commonwealth

  20. Special Operations Liaison Officer: Looking Back to See the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    for Intelligence ASI additional skill identifier BA Bachelor of Arts BPC building partner capacity CA civil affairs CDR Commander COA...Consensus, Solve Problems, and Make Decisions (San Francisco , CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2002), 40, Kindle Edition. 10...plans and approved all staff agreements for the new program. Additional skill identifiers ( ASIs ) were used as personnel 59 Brad Plumer, “America’s

  1. Lahemaa RPA vaidlustas Valgejõe paisutamise Nõmmeveskil / Ülle Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Ülle, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Keskkonnainspektsioon uurib Lahemaa Rahvuspargi administratsiooni palvel AS-i Maru poolt Valgejõele tekitatud paisjärve mõjusid looduskeskkonnale. Paisjärve toetuseks võtavad sõna külavanem Ira Laasi, Loksa vallavanem Madis Praks ja AS-i Maru juhatuse liige Heiki Laiverik. Lahemaa Rahvuspargi seisukohta selgitab Lauri-Indrek Tummeleht

  2. Kuidas te oma töötajatelt ideid kogute?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Columbus IT Partner Eesti juhatuse esimees Ivo Suursoo, KredEx'i juhatuse esimees Andrus Treier, Amserv Grupi AS-i nõukogu esimees Raivo Aavisto, AS-i Elion Ettevõtted juhatuse esimees Valdur Laid

  3. Prodavtsõ IT-"zheleza" okazaliss ne zheleznõmi / Andrei Demenkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Demenkov, Andrei

    2008-01-01

    Arvutifirmade ASi Arvotek, ASi Asecom ja Datagate OÜ juhtide sõnul on arvutite jaemüük käesoleval aastal vähenenud, arvutifirmade käive on keskmiselt langenud 20 protsenti, majandusraskustesse on sattunud mitmed väikefirmad

  4. Single-grain Silicon Technology for Large Area X-ray Imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arslan, A.

    2015-01-01

    Digital flat panel X-ray imagers are currently using a-Si and poly-Si thin-film-transistors (TFTs). a-Si TFT permits the use of large area substrates, however, due to the amorphous nature, the carrier mobility is very low (<1 cm2/Vs). Poly-Si TFT improves the mobility (~150 cm2/Vs) but due to random

  5. Tootjad prognoosivad sel aastal suvetoodetele 30% müügikasvu / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Rakvere Lihatööstuse, AS-i Wõro Kommerts, Valga Lihatööstuse ning AS-i Tallegg müügiprognoosid. Kommenteerib Kristel Kindsigo. Lisa: Suurimat kasvu ootab Filee LT. Vt. samas: Kanaliha tarbimine on kahekordistunud

  6. Kundas hoitakse Eesti vedelkütuse varusid / Raivo Raigna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raigna, Raivo

    2006-01-01

    Eesti vedelkütusevarude hoiustamise hanke üks võitjaid on Soome firma Baltic Tank OY, mis on Baltic Tank AS-i emafirma. Kunda sadamas asuvas Baltic Tanki AS-i terminalis hoitakse Eesti riigi diislikütuse tagavara

  7. Kuidas maksustada ametiautode kasutamine?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Äripäeva küsitlusele ametiautode erisoodustusena maksustamise määruse eelnõu kohta vastavad liisinguühingute liidu tegevdirektor Reet Hääl, ASi Veland nõukogu esimees Veljo Pits, ASi Astrodata juhataja Jaak Anton ja väikeettevõtluse assotsiatsiooni tegevdirektor Ain Noormägi

  8. Väino Kaldoja - master of the Mercedes Dealership / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    AS-i Silberauto juhi ja põhiomaniku Väino Kaldoja juhtimispõhimõtteist, ettevõtte personalipoliitikast ning kliendisuhetest. Tabel: ASi Silberauto majandustulemused. Lisa: Silberauto ettevõtete grupp. Vt. samas: Mida Silberauto müüb?

  9. Ettevõtted panustavad eelarve koostamisel järjest enam spetsialistide täiendkoolitusse / Madli Kents

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kents, Madli

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Kalev koolitusspetsialist Gerli Jõgi, Hansapanga koolituse ostujuht Katrin Kase ja AS-i Eesti Energia koolitusjuht Erge Heido selgitavad, millele pööratakse tähelepanu nende ettevõttes koolituseelarve koostamisel ning annavad ülevaate rakendatavatest koolitusvormidest. Vt. samas: Marja Liis. Esiplaanil on teenindajad

  10. Skype´i eestlastest kaasloojad ootavad uut läbimurret / Margus Uudam ; intervjueerinud Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uudam, Margus

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Skype´i eestlastest kaasloojate investeerimisfirma Ambient Sound Investments (ASI) otseinvesteeringute juhiga. Firma portfell koosneb ligi 30 ettevõttest, riskikapitali investeeringuid on u. 20 mln. euro ulatuses. 2010. a. jõudis firmasse u. 300 projekti ja äriideed. Valik ASI investeeringuid

  11. Kas oravaid toetab 1/3 või 1/5? / Juhan Kivirähk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivirähk, Juhan, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Sotsioloog analüüsib Turu-uuringute AS-i ja TSN Emori uuringuid parteide toetuse kohta, mis andsid erinevaid tulemusi Reformierakonna toetuse kohta, ning jõuab järeldusele, et poliitiliste eelistuste tegelikku jagunemist peegeldab adekvaatsemalt Turu-uuringute AS-i valitud esitusviis

  12. Dzhentelmenide kätsh / Hannes Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Hannes

    2008-01-01

    AS Alta Foods esitas Stockholmi arbitraazhiinstituudile taotluse, et saada tagasi AS-i Kalev toiduainetööstuse ja AS-i Tere omandamiseks tasutud kuue miljoni euro suurune ettemaks. Vt. samas: Tehingu kronoloogia. Küsimustele vastavad Indrek Rahumaa ja Oliver Kruuda

  13. Kuidas ettevõtte vajadused ja kooli pakutav omavahel haakuvad? : kooli nõukogu liige arvab / Vallot Mangus, Jaak Väärsi, Jane Väli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mangus, Vallot

    2012-01-01

    Ettevõtete ja kutsekooli koostöövõimalustest räägivad ASi Tartu Maja Betoontooted nõukogu esimees Vallot Mangus, ASi Info-Auto Tartu esinduse tegevdirektor Jaak Väärsi ja töötukassa Tartumaa osakonna juhataja Jane Väli

  14. Riigi Kinnisvara AS võib saada börsiettevõtteks / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Seni täielikult riigile kuuluva Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i võimalikust müügist või börsile viimisest. Kommenteerib Tõnis Oja. Diagramm: Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i käive on kahekordistunud. Lisa: Valik kinnisvaraobjekte Tallinnas

  15. Dicty_cDB: SHH274 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e 2 map 6245135-6357017 strain AX4, complete sequence. 42 0.72 5 AF435076 |AF435076.2 Tetrahymena thermophila anlage...n stage induced 1 protein (ASI1) and anlagen stage induced 2 protein (ASI

  16. On Measuring Process Model Similarity Based on High-Level Change Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, C.; Reichert, M.U.; Wombacher, A.

    2008-01-01

    For various applications there is the need to compare the similarity between two process models. For example, given the as-is and to-be models of a particular business process, we would like to know how much they differ from each other and how we can efficiently transform the as-is to the to-be mode

  17. On Measuring Process Model Similarity based on High-level Change Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, C.; Reichert, M.U.; Wombacher, A.

    2007-01-01

    For various applications there is the need to compare the similarity between two process models. For example, given the as-is and to-be models of a particular business process, we would like to know how much they differ from each other and how we can efficiently transform the as-is to the to-be mode

  18. Saare jonniga idealist / Lemmi Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Lemmi

    2008-01-01

    Maxima OÜ tegevjuhist Margus Pärnast. Lisad: Elulugu; Tasub teada. Kommenteerivad: TOP Auto juhatuse esimees Felor Pärnpuu, Sales-Star ASi juhatuse esimees Tiina Aas, psühhiaater Jüri Ennet ning ASi Mobec müügijuht Kaido Sumberg. Vt. samas: Karmi käega õppejõud Pärn

  19. Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats

    CERN Document Server

    Puglisi, Joseph D

    2009-01-01

    This volume is a collection of articles from the proceedings of the International School of Structural Biology and Magnetic Resonance 8th Course: Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats. This NATO Advance Study Institute (ASI) was held in Erice at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture on 19 through 30 June 2007. The ASI brought together a diverse group of experts who bridged the fields of virology and biology, biophysics, chemistry and physics. Prominent lecturers and students from around the world representant a total of 24 countries participated in the NATO ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev (Moscow, RU). The central hypothesis underlying this ASI was that interdisciplinary research, merging principles of physics, chemistry and biology, can drive new discovery in detecting and fighting bioterrorism agents, lead to cleaner environments, and help propel development in NATO partner countries. The ASI merged the relat...

  20. Three-Terminal Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Hung Tai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many defects exist within amorphous silicon since it is not crystalline. This provides recombination centers, thus reducing the efficiency of a typical a-Si solar cell. A new structure is presented in this paper: a three-terminal a-Si solar cell. The new back-to-back p-i-n/n-i-p structure increased the average electric field in a solar cell. A typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was also simulated for comparison using the same thickness and material parameters. The 0.28 μm-thick three-terminal a-Si solar cell achieved an efficiency of 11.4%, while the efficiency of a typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was 9.0%. Furthermore, an efficiency of 11.7% was achieved by thickness optimization of the three-terminal solar cell.

  1. Vegetation and proximity to the river control amorphous silica storage in a riparian wetland (Biebrza National Park, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Struyf

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Wetlands can modify and control nutrient fluxes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, yet little is known of their potential as biological buffers and sinks in the biogeochemical silica cycle. We investigated the storage of amorphous silica (ASi in a central-European riparian wetland. The variation in storage of ASi in the soil of an undisturbed wetland was significantly controlled by two factors: dominance of sedges and grasses and distance to the river (combined R2=78%. Highest ASi storage was found near the river and in sites with a dominance of grasses and sedges, plants which are well known to accumulate ASi. The management practice of mowing reduced the amount of variation attributed to both factors (R2=51%. Although ASi concentrations in soils were low (between 0.1 and 1% of soil dry weight, ASi controlled the availability of dissolved silica (DSi in the porewater, and thus potentially the exchange of DSi with the nearby river system through both diffusive and advective fluxes. A depth gradient in ASi concentrations, with lower ASi in the deeper layers, indicates dissolution. Our results show that storage and recycling of ASi in wetland ecosystems can differ significantly on small spatial scales. Human management interferes with the natural control mechanisms. Our study demonstrates that wetlands have the potential to modify the fluxes of both DSi and ASi along the land-ocean continuum and supports the hypothesis that wetlands are important ecosystems in the biogeochemical cycling of silica.

  2. Ultrastructural Study of Dermatic Tissues in Secondary Syphilis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓东; 脱朝伟; 张庆瑞; 宋芳吉

    2001-01-01

    Objective: For the purpose of understanding the changing process of syphilis histomorphology and its injury mechanism,the ultrastructure of dermatic tissues of secondary syphilis was studied.Methods: Different skin injury tissues of secondary syphilis patients, whose serum RPR and TPHA tests in the lab both appeared positive reaction, were observed through transmission electron microscope (TEM).Results: Inflammations appeared on epidermides and coria,a great deal of neutrocytes, lymphocytes and a small amount of plasma infiltrated them. Karyopyknosis, karyorrhexis,epicyte lysis and mitochondrion vacular degeneration occurred. Spirocheta pallida was distributed on intercellular substances, epicytes and coilagenous fibers. The epicytes were pressed to foveation. Conclusion The pathological change of characteristic tissue ultrastructure reported here is a histomorphological foundation to study the organism injury mechanism caused by syphilis.

  3. Rectal complication after remote afterloading intracavitary therapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teshima, T.; Chatani, M.; Hata, K.; Inoue, Ta.; Inoue, To.; Suzuki, T.

    1985-06-01

    From August 1978 through December 1980, 119 patients of previously untreated carcinoma of the uterine cervix were treated using RALS, remote afterloading high dose rate intracavitary therapy at our department. The data from 92 out of 119 patients were available for analysis of rectal complication. The incidence of major rectal complications was only 2% (2/92). Uni- and multivariate analyses were used based on the external criterion variable of rectal complication which included even minor injuries. By using these methods, it was clearly indicated that these factors such as TDF of rectum, Z-coordinate of weighted geometric center (WGC-Z), the dose of whole pelvic irradiation, history of chemotherapy and Treponema pallidum hemoagglutination test (TPHA) were important for occurrence of rectal complication. According to discriminant score, 71 out of 92 cases (77%) could be correctly discriminated.

  4. Nursing of latent syphilis in gynecology elder patient%妇科老年隐性梅毒患者的护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊

    2011-01-01

    @@ 梅毒是由苍白密螺旋体(treponema pallidum,TP)引起的性传播疾病,流行非常广泛,年增长率达51.63%[1].隐性梅毒是梅毒未经治疗或用药剂量不足,无临床症状,血清反应RPR(快速血浆反应素环状卡片试验)、TPHA(梅毒密螺旋体血凝试验)阳性,没有其他可以引起血清反应假阳性的疾病存在,脑脊液正常[2].

  5. Panuveitis as a manifestation of ocular syphilis leading to HIV diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay Kumar Chhablani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Syphilis is a rare cause of panuveitis. We present the case of a 33-year-old man who presented with diminution of vision of three months duration in his left eye (OS, without any other systemic illness. Ophthalmic examination showed features of pauveitis with dense vitreous exudates, disc pallor and sheathing of vessels on fundoscopy. A diagnosis of probable endogenous endophthalmitis was made and vitreous tap performed. Vitreous biopsy showed no growth of fungus or bacteria. Rapid plasma reagin (RPR and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination (TPHA test were positive. Enzyme-Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay (ELISA and Western Blot test were then performed, which revealed concurrent HIV infection. The patient improved dramatically with intravenous penicillin therapy. HIV positive patients may present with panuveitis secondary to ocular syphilis, as the only presenting feature in HIV positive patient in absence of any other systemic features.

  6. Utility of Laboratory Diagnosis for Confirmation of the Syndromic Case Management in Married Indian Women with Vaginal Discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Prabhav; Bhattar, Sonali; Sahani, Satyendra Kumar; Bhalla, Preena

    2016-01-01

    Objective WHO and NACO recommend treatment of STIs/RTIs on the basis syndromic case management (SCM), even without laboratory confirmation, which may lead to over-treatment. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the utility of laboratory diagnosis for confirmation of patients with vaginal discharge diagnosed on the basis of SCM. Methodology 234 married women in reproductive age group, diagnosed as having vaginal discharge syndrome were included. Normal saline wet-mount slide preparations were made for detection of motile trichomonads. Gram stained smear were prepared and scored as per classification developed by Nugent. The presence of pseudohyphae and/or budding yeast cells was considered diagnostic of candidal infection. VDRL, TPHA and HIV testing were also done as per protocol. Results The median age of the study population was 34 years. Most common cause was bacterial vaginosis (positive= 21.4%, 95% CI= 16.6–27.1%; intermediate score= 17.5%, 95% CI= 13.2–22.9%), followed by candidiasis (13.7%, 95% CI= 98–18.7%) and trichomoniasis (0.4%, 95% CI= 0–2.6%). No etiological diagnosis for vaginal discharge could be established in approximately half of the women. Only two women were HIV positive; one was reactive by VDRL and TPHA tests. Conclusion Our study highlights the possible lacunae in SCM. Large number of patients may be over-treated if only syndromic management is followed, with financial, medical and social implications. Thus we recommend, the treatment maybe initiated on the basis of SCM, but it is essential that laboratory diagnosis is sought for and the treatment modified accordingly. PMID:27833516

  7. Evaluation of the immunochromatographic strip test for the rapid diagnosis of antenatal syphilis in women in Eldoret, Kenya

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lydia B.Nyamwamu; Michael M.Gicheru; Rekha R.Sharma; Albert Kimutai; Willy K.Tonui

    2009-01-01

    Objective: This study compared the performance of the immunochromatographic strip (ICS) to the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test and Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA) at a primary health care setting. Methods: The study group was comprised of 150 females randomly drawn from a population of pregnant women attending their first antenatal visit or follow-up visits at West Maternity Hospital in Eldoret Kenya, but without a previous syphilis test during that pregnancy. On-site VDRL, ICS and TPHA tests were performed and immediate treatment provided where appropriate. The performance of the three tests was compared. Results: The sero-prevalence of syphilis as determined by the VDRL test was 3%. There was no significant difference between the ICS and the VDRL test (P > 0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of the ICS test were 80% and 98.6% respectively, while the negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) were both 100%. On the other hand, the sensitivity and specificity of the VDRL test were 66.7% and 99.3%, while the NPV and PPV were 80% and 98.6% respectively. The Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay was used as a reference test and had sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV of 100%. Conclusion: The diagnostic accuracy of the ICS compared favorably with theVDRL gold standard. The use of the ICS in Kenya can improve the diagnosis of syphilis in health facilities both with and without laboratories and allow community health care workers to make a rapid diagnosis of the disease, and consequently make immediate therapeutic decisions.

  8. Oxygen- and hydroxyl-edge termination of silicene nanoribbons studied by first-principles calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Rui; Liu, Zhong-Li; Gu, Yanhong; Zhang, Weiying; Tan, Yonggang

    2016-05-01

    The geometrical structures and electronic properties of the armchair- and zigzag-edge silicene nanoribbons (SiNRs), terminated with oxygen and hydroxyl (ZSiNR-O, ZSiNR-OH, ASiNR-O, ASiNR-OH), have been investigated by using the first-principles method. It is found that the silicene edges are rippled upon the oxygen termination. On one edge of ZSiNR-O, the neighboring Si-O bonds move concordantly right (left) from the silicene plane, while on one edge of ASiNR-O, the neighboring Si-O bonds respectively move right and left to result in larger rippled amplitudes. Comparably, the influence of OH-termination on the silicene edge is small, inducing smaller rippled edges. The electronic structure calculations show that the px electrons of oxygen on the rippled edges of ZSiNR-O sp3 hybridize with the edge Si atoms, forming one more bands. The band gaps of the ASiNR-O and ASiNR-OH also obey the three-family behavior, due to the quantum confinement and the crucial effect of the edges. For ASiNR-OH, by taking account of the new atom chains formed by the hydrogen bonds of the neighboring OHs, the band gaps follow the same hierarchy of Δ3 p >Δ3 p - 1 >Δ3 p - 2 with those of ASiNR-Os.

  9. Mn(Ⅱ)配位聚合物的合成、结构及光物理性能%Synthesis,Crystal Structure and Photo-Physical Property of Manganese(Ⅱ)Coordination Polymers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东伟; 张丽; 牛淑云; 李雷; 史忠丰; 金晶; 迟玉贤

    2009-01-01

    Two novel coordination polymers,[Mn(m-tpha)(phen)]_n(1)and f[Mn3(m-tpha)_2(m-Htpha)_2(bipy)_2]·3H_2O}_n(2)(m-H_2tpha=isophthalic acid,phen=1,10-phenanthroline,bipy=2,2'-bipyridine)were synthesized by hydrothermal method.The crystal structures of the polymers were determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction.The result indicates that(1)and(2)are bridged by isophthalato ligand to form 1 D infinite structures.The difference is that the asymmertric unit of polymer(1)only comprises a Mn(Ⅱ)ion,and it adopts N_2O_4 coordination mode.There are three Mn(Ⅱ)ions in the repeating unit of polymer(2).Among the three Mn(Ⅱ)ions,two of them are crystallography equivalents and also adopt N_2O_4 coordination modes,whereas another Mn(Ⅱ)ion adopts a nearly regular octahedral(06)coordination mode.The polymers were identified by IR,UV-Vis,surface photovoltage spectrum(SPS)and field-induced surface photovohage spectrum(FISPS).The results of SPS for polymers indicate that they both exhibit positive surface photovoltage response(SPV)in the range of 300-800 nm.However,the intensity and number of the SPV response bands are different obviously.The distinctions Can be mainly attributed to their difierent structures and coordination environments of the manganese ions in the two polymers.Compared SPS with UV-Vis spectrum,they are basically correlation.%采用水热方法合成了2种结构新颖的Mn(Ⅱ)配位聚合物,[Mn(m-tpha)(phen)]_n(1),{[Mn_3(m-tpha)_2(m_Htpha)_2(bipy)_2]·3H_2O}_n(2),(m-H_2tpha=间苯二甲酸,phen=1,10-邻菲咯咻,bipy=2,2'-联吡啶).通过X-射线单晶衍射、红外光谱(IR)、紫外光谱(uv-Vis)、表面光电压光谱(SPs)和场诱导表面光电压光谱(wsPS)等方法对配聚物进行了表征.结构分析表明:配聚物(1)和(2)均是通过间苯二甲酸根桥连的具有1D无限结构的Mn(Ⅱ)配聚物.不同的是(1)的不对称单元中只包含1个Mn(Ⅱ)离子,它采取了N_2O_4的配位模式;而(2)的重复单元中,包含3

  10. Analysis on Results of Syphilis Infection Detected by Diverse Methods in Minority Population%不同方法检测少数民族人群梅毒感染结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡俊忠; 杨桂花; 刘文杰

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨梅毒血清各种检测方法对梅毒的确诊及其治疗的灵敏性和特异性的临床指导意义. 方法 标本分别采用酶联免疫吸附试验、快速血清反应素环状卡片试验、荧光螺旋体抗体吸收试验、梅毒螺旋体血球凝集试验四种方法检测,并对结果进行比较分析. 结果 ELISA、RPR、FTA-ABS、TPHA的敏感性分别为99.2%、98.3%、99.9%、91.3%,特异性为99.6%、86.4%、99.2%、94.2%.RPR与ELISA、FTA-ABS与TPHA2种方法检测结果经检验,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),但RPR、ELISA与FTA-ABS、TPHA组间检测结果两两经检验,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),且ELISA法的灵敏性和特异性均较好.在特异性方面,FTA-ABS法与ELISA、RPR、TPHA相比,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),ELISA、RPR、TPHA两两间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05). 结论 与FTA-ABS法的确认结果进行比较,RPR法不但有假阳性也有假阴性,存在梅毒漏检的可能;而ELISA法仅有假阳性、却无假阴性;ELISA法检出梅毒的能力强于RPR法.ELISA法是梅毒螺旋体血清学诊断试验的首选方法.近年来,ELISA法的应用研究主要趋向于联合使用两种或两种以上的重组梅毒螺旋体抗原,综合两种或多种抗原的不同特性,从而使ELISA法具有更高的特异性和敏感性.%Abstract: Objective To explore the clinical value of the results of syphilis tests with different serum screening methods in guiding syphilis diagnosis and sensitivity and specificity of treatment. Methods The specimens were determined by ELISA test, rapid plasma regain circle card test (RPR test), fluorescent treponemal antibody - absorption test (FTA- ABS), and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA), respectively, and the detection results were compared and analyzed. Results The sensitivities of ELISA, RPR test, FTA-ABS, and TPHA were 99.2%, 98.3% , 99.9% , and 91.3% , respectively. The specificities of ELISA, RPR test, FTA

  11. TNT Biodegradation by Natural Microbial Assemblages at Estuarine Frontal Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-02

    Oahu, HI, USA (20 July 2010). vii LIST OF ACRONYMS Ac:Ad: Ratio of Acid to Aldehyde Moieties ASI : Air-Sea Interface BIX: Biological...marine systems include Jackson Park to Ostrich Bay, WA (14-31 PSU; Carr et al. 2001), Moffett Field marsh to lower San Francisco Bay, CA (14-33 PSU...below Air-Sea Interface ( ASI )) to 3.31 (+/- 0.51) µg C L-1 d-1 at 1 m below ASI before increasing back to 8.67 (+/-0.41) µg C L-1 d-1 in the bottom

  12. Tratamiento psicológico de mujeres adultas víctimas de abuso sexual en la infancia: resultados a largo plazo

    OpenAIRE

    Sarasua, Belén; Zubizarreta, Irene; Corral, Paz de; Echeburúa, Enrique

    2013-01-01

    El abuso sexual (ASI) constituye la victimización más frecuente en la infancia. Los efectos del ASI en la vida adulta pueden afectar al funcionamiento, físico, psicológico y social y generar alteraciones psicopatológicas. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar un programa individual cognitivo-conductual, de 12 sesiones, en el tratamiento de mujeres adultas víctimas del ASI, llevado a cabo durante 20 años en un marco comunitario. La muestra constó de 131 sujetos que participaron voluntariame...

  13. Unreliability of aortic size index to predict risk of aortic dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijs, Jan; Gelsomino, Sandro; Lucà, Fabiana; Parise, Orlando; Maessen, Jos G; Meir, Mark La

    2014-01-01

    Aortic size index (ASI) has been proposed as a reliable criterion to predict risk for aortic dissection in Turner syndrome with significant thresholds of 20-25 mm/m2. We report a case of aortic arch dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome who, from the ASI thresholds proposed, was deemed to be at low risk of aortic dissection or rupture and was not eligible for prophylactic surgery. This case report strongly supports careful monitoring and surgical evaluation even when the ASI is < 20 mm/m2 if other significant risk factors are present. PMID:24944765

  14. Magnetization dynamics of topological defects and the spin solid in a kagome artificial spin ice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, V. S.; Heimbach, F.; Stasinopoulos, I.; Grundler, D.

    2016-04-01

    We report broadband spin-wave spectroscopy on kagome artificial spin ice (ASI) made of large arrays of interconnected Ni80Fe20 nanobars. Spectra taken in saturated and disordered states exhibit a series of resonances with characteristic magnetic field dependencies. Making use of micromagnetic simulations, we identify resonances that reflect the spin-solid-state and monopole-antimonopole pairs on Dirac strings. The latter resonances allow for the generation of highly charged vertices in ASIs via microwave-assisted switching. Our findings open further perspectives for fundamental studies on ASIs and their usage in reprogrammable magnonics.

  15. Characterization of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction algorithm for dose reduction in CT: A pediatric oncology perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, S. L.; Yee, B. S.; Kaufman, R. A. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105 (United States)

    2012-09-15

    Purpose: This study demonstrates a means of implementing an adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign ) technique for dose reduction in computed tomography (CT) while maintaining similar noise levels in the reconstructed image. The effects of image quality and noise texture were assessed at all implementation levels of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign . Empirically derived dose reduction limits were established for ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign for imaging of the trunk for a pediatric oncology population ranging from 1 yr old through adolescence/adulthood. Methods: Image quality was assessed using metrics established by the American College of Radiology (ACR) CT accreditation program. Each image quality metric was tested using the ACR CT phantom with 0%-100% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign blended with filtered back projection (FBP) reconstructed images. Additionally, the noise power spectrum (NPS) was calculated for three common reconstruction filters of the trunk. The empirically derived limitations on ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign implementation for dose reduction were assessed using (1, 5, 10) yr old and adolescent/adult anthropomorphic phantoms. To assess dose reduction limits, the phantoms were scanned in increments of increased noise index (decrementing mA using automatic tube current modulation) balanced with ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction to maintain noise equivalence of the 0% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign image. Results: The ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign algorithm did not produce any unfavorable effects on image quality as assessed by ACR criteria. Conversely, low-contrast resolution was found to improve due to the reduction of noise in the reconstructed images. NPS calculations demonstrated that images with lower frequency noise had lower noise variance and coarser graininess at progressively higher percentages of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction; and in spite of the similar magnitudes of noise, the image reconstructed with 50% or more ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign presented a more

  16. Norma hoiab ligi pool miljardit krooni hoiupõrsas / Eleri Lopp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lopp, Eleri

    2007-01-01

    Norma AS-i ligi poolest miljardit kroonist, mis seisab juba pikemat aega pangakontol või on paigutatud lühiajalistesse investeeringutesse. Kommenteerib Lauri Lind. Diagramm: Normal pidevalt sajad miljonid käibevaras

  17. Kak zhit v Jevropeiskom Sojuze? : AO DBT = What will the life in the European Union be like? : AO DBT / Vladimir Volohhonski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volohhonski, Vladimir, 1948-2013

    2003-01-01

    DBT (Dry Bulk Terminal) AS-i juhatuse esimees räägib kuivainete terminali tegevusest tollivabas tsoonis, võrdleb Baltimaade ja Venemaa sadamate olukorda ning prognoosib Euroopa Liiduga liitumise mõju Eesti transiitkaubandusele

  18. Projekt EDI / Priit Põdra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põdra, Priit, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Projekt EDI töötab välja programmisüsteemi rahvusvaheliste kaubavedude korraldamiseks, dokumentide vormistamiseks ja firmade arvutiprogrammide koostöö korraldamiseks. Projekti tutvustab AS-i EDI VEKTOR juhatuse esimees Priit Põdra

  19. Non-contrast CT at comparable dose to an abdominal radiograph in patients with acute renal colic; impact of iterative reconstruction on image quality and diagnostic performance.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McLaughlin, P D

    2014-04-01

    The aim was to assess the performance of low-dose non-contrast CT of the urinary tract (LD-CT) acquired at radiation exposures close to that of abdominal radiography using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR).

  20. Autofirmad püüavad kvaliteedi sertifikaate / Eeva Pajuviidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajuviidik, Eeva

    2004-01-01

    ISO 9001:2000 kvaliteedijuhtimise sertifikaadi vajalikkusest automüügifirmade jaoks ning esimese automüügifirmana Eestis sertifikaadi omandanud Veho Eesti AS-i kogemusest kvaliteedisüsteemi juurutamisel

  1. Pan-Baltic Linas Libikas - sometimes Hobbes, sometimes Calvin / Linas Libikas ; interv. Ingrid Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Libikas, Linas

    2004-01-01

    Coca-Cola HBC Eesti AS-i turundusjuht olukorrast Baltimaade reklaamiturul, turundusspetsialistide sagedase töökohavahetamise võimalikest põhjustest ning oma eesmärkidest ettevõtte eesotsas. Lisa: Linas Libikas

  2. ABTG juhtumis sai õiguse maksuamet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna ringkonnakohtu otsusest, millega jäeti rahuldamata ASi Adonis Baltic Timber Group (ABTG) kaebus maksu-ja tolliameti tegevuse peale seoses ettevõttele enammakstud käibemaksu tagastamise peatamisega revisjoni käigus

  3. Eriline lennuaasta / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2010-01-01

    Eesti riik sai Estonian Airi 90-protsendilise osaluse. EMT ja Elioni 2010. aasta võrguriketest. Aprillis alustas Eestis tegevust elektribörs Nord Pool. Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi, Maanteeameti ja Nordecon Infra AS-i teehangete skandaalist

  4. Royal Service on Eesti mainekaim üritusturundusfirma / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Turu-uuringute AS-i korraldatud üritusturunduse ettevõtete maineuuringust selgus, et kõige mainekamad Eestis on Royal Service, Event Masters, Broadline ja Sinine Elevant. Kõige madalama mainega on Tequila

  5. Estonskije megavattõ i polskaja mazurka / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2005-01-01

    Poola suursaadik Tomasz Chlon kohtus Narvas linnapea Tarmo Tammiste, AS-i Narva Elektrijaamad peadirektori Rein Talumaa ning Narva katoliiklaste esindajatega. Poola suursaadik Eesti-Vene majandus- ja kultuurisuhetest

  6. Stalnaja koleja dlja tranzita / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narvskaja Gazeta, 19. veebr. 2004, lk. 2. Venemaa Oktoobri Raudtee ja AS-i Eesti Raudtee juhtide kohtumisest, kus arutati võimalusi Ivangorodi ja Narva jaamade läbilaskevõime suurendamiseks

  7. Küttimine võib septembris peatuda. Maaomanikud vs. jahimehed / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Heiki Hepner, Val Rajasaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Maksumaksjad ja maaomanikud toetavad Eesti jahindust sisuliselt viie miljoni euroga aastas, kuigi keskkonnaspetsialistide hinnangul võiks asi olla vastupidi. Kehtiv jahiseadus ei aita kaasa metsa väärtuse parandamisele. Tabelid

  8. Ühistu aruandlust ja infovahetust pidage internetis / Indrek Kald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kald, Indrek, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Autor tutvustab AS-i Spin TEK poolt loodud e-Reeni nimelist tarkvara korteriühistute raamatupidamise lihtsustamiseks. Kommenteerib Peka Ringo. Vt. samas: E-hooldusraamat jõudis Eesti turule juba aasta alguses

  9. Euroopa Liit sundis tegevust ümber korraldama / Eeva Pajuviidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajuviidik, Eeva

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Transport i Logistika, 2. märts 2005, lk. 4. Tolliladude TOP-i 1. koht. AS-i Sankotrans juhataja Konstantin Leparski arvates on Eestis puudu headest, spetsialiseerunud ladudest. Lisa: AS Sankotrans

  10. Krenholm plans more layoffs / Sergei Stepanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stepanov, Sergei

    2004-01-01

    Narvas piketeeris paarsada Kreenholmi Valduse AS-i töötajat, protestides eelseisvate koondamiste vastu ja nõudes palgatõusu. Kommentaarid peadirektorilt Matti Haaranjokilt ja ettevõtte ametiühingujuhilt Julia Dmitrijevalt

  11. Õpetaja hingega ärimees / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2007-01-01

    Endine Dunkri Kaubanduse AS-i esimees David Rebane on programmi "Noored kooli" sihtasutuse tegevjuht. CV. Kommenteerivad Helo Meigas, Arvo Kask, Ruth Kaur, Arkadi Nõmmik. Vt. samas: Noored kaheks aastaks kooli

  12. Kreenholmi kinnisvara ostavad omanikud / Hetlin Villak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Villak, Hetlin

    2007-01-01

    Kreenholmi Valduse AS-i suuromanikud kavatsevad osta Kreenholmi kinnisvara oma ettevõtte Narva Gate kaudu. Ettevõte plaanib ostetud territooriumil korraldada kinnisvaraarendust ja osalist edasimüüki

  13. Side- ja turvanguamet / Indrek Süld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Süld, Indrek

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 34-35; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 34-35. Ülevaade AS-i Eesti Raudtee side- ja turvanguameti tegevusest 2003. aastal. Skeem

  14. Konkurentsiseadus reguleerib ettevõtlust / Kalle Mõtsnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõtsnik, Kalle

    1998-01-01

    1. okt. 1998. a. jõustunud konkurentsiseadusest. Lisatud: mida arvab uuest seadusest ettevõtja: vastavad Eesti Leivaliidu esimees, AS Vilma nõukogu esimees Arnold Kimber ja ASi Paloma Papp tegevdirektor Jüri Varik

  15. Mentoring during surgical training: consensus recommendations for mentoring programmes from the Association of Surgeons in Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, P; Fitzgerald, J E F; McDermott, F D; Derbyshire, L; Shalhoub, J

    2014-11-01

    Mentoring has been present within surgical training for many years, albeit in different forms. There is evidence that formal mentoring can improve patient outcomes and facilitate learning and personal growth in the mentee. The Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) is an independent educational charity working to promote excellence in surgical training. This document recommends the introduction of a structured mentoring programme, which is readily accessible to all surgical trainees. A review of the available evidence--including an ASiT-led survey of its membership--highlights the desire of surgical trainees to have a mentor, whilst the majority do not have access to one. There is also limited training for those in mentoring roles. In response, ASiT have implemented a pilot mentoring scheme, with surgical trainees acting both as mentors and mentees. Based on the existing literature, survey data and pilot experience, ASiT formalises in this document consensus recommendations for mentoring in surgical training.

  16. Tähemees sõuab visalt edasi / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Starman asutaja, juht ja osanik Peeter Kern ei soovi oma osalust firmas müüa. Vt. samas: CV; Kruvikeerajad, tsiklid ja sigarid. Kommenteerivad Valdo Kalm, Andrus Hiiepuu, Raivo Hein ja Märt Jakobson

  17. Aspen Grupp võitis RKASi / Lemmi Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Lemmi

    2008-01-01

    Ehitusfirma Aspen Grupp OÜ võitis Tallinna ringkonnakohtus Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i, kes diskvalifitseeris ehitusfirma riigihankelt seaduses olnud maksevõlgnevuse keelu tõttu. Vt. samas: Lahendust ootavad veel kaks kohtuasja

  18. Veronika Dari mõrvarid mõisteti vangi / Madis Taras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taras, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Harju maakohtu otsusest Tallinnas 2005. aasta 7. oktoobri hommikul Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i endise esimehe Tiit Ottise mõrvakatse käigus koolitüdruku Veronika Dari tapnud kurjategijate karistamise kohta

  19. Biophysics and Structure to Counter Threats and Challenges

    CERN Document Server

    Margaris, Manolia

    2013-01-01

    This ASI brought together a diverse group of experts who span virology, biology, biophysics, chemistry, physics and engineering.  Prominent lecturers representing world renowned scientists from nine (9) different countries, and students from around the world representing eighteen (18) countries, participated in the ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev (Moscow, RU).   The central hypothesis underlying this ASI was that interdisciplinary research, merging principles of physics, chemistry and biology, can drive new discovery in detecting and fighting chemical and bioterrorism agents, lead to cleaner environments and improved energy sources, and help propel development in NATO partner countries.  At the end of the ASI students had an appreciation of how to apply each technique to their own particular research problem and to demonstrate that multifaceted approaches and new technologies are needed to solve the biological challenges of our time.  The course...

  20. Sobre la Revista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Políticas de la Revista

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available En esta seccion se explicita la mision, objetivos, politicas de la revista, asi como las normas para los autores. Lea atentamente este archivo para solucionar cualquier dida que usted pueda tener

  1. Acerca de la Revista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comite Editorial

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available En esta seccion se espeficica la mision, objetivos, politicas de la revista asi como las normas de publicacion para los autores.  Lea atentamente esta seccion para resolver dudas que tenga

  2. Weroli pankrotiprotsessi oleks saanud vältida / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2005-01-01

    Aktsiaseltside Werol Tehased ja Biodiesel vahel sõlmitud lepingutest, mis on viinud Jõgeva maakohtu poolt AS-i Werol Tehased vastu algatatud pankrotimenetluseni. Vt. samas: Werol ei ole ajutise pankrotihalduriga rahul

  3. Nostalgia Arhitektuurimuuseumis : kuldsed kuuekümnendad / Karen Jagodin ; interv. Ellu Maar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Näitusest "Kuuekümnendad. Eesti moodne arhitektuur" ja sisearhitektide Väino Tamme ning Vello Asi loomingu näitusest Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis. Kuraatorid Karin Hallas-Murula ja Karen Jagodin. Eesti 1960. aastate sisearhitektuurist

  4. Peter Priisalm eelistab juhina meeskonnamängu / Peter Priisalm ; interv. Aive Antsov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priisalm, Peter

    2006-01-01

    AS-i Microlink Eesti juhatuse esimehe kohalt lahkunud Peter Priisalm oma tegevusest infotehnoloogiaettevõttes, tagasiastumise põhjustest, karjäärist ja selle planeerimisest ning ettevõtte juhtimisest

  5. Keskkond / Peep Pobbul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pobbul, Peep

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 40-41; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 40-41. AS-i Eesti Raudtee keskkonna-alastest projektidest

  6. Infotehnoloogiateenistus / Meelis Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Meelis

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 36; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 36. Ülevaade AS-i Eesti Raudtee infotehnoloogiteenistuse tegvusest 2003. aastal

  7. Lisakogus juustu läks Võrust Pekingi poole teele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Võru Juust läkitas Hiinasse lisakoguse juustu Forte. Tänu itaallaste juhendamisele ja nõustamisele on jõutud õigete tehnoloogiliste lahendusteni ning kõrge kvaliteedini. Lisa: ASi Võru Juust ekspordi pingerida

  8. Altimeter Setting Indicator

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Altimeter Setting Indicator (ASI) is an aneroid system used at airports to provide an altimeter setting for aircraft altimeters. This indicator may be an analog...

  9. Фабрику Kalev продают норвежской фирме / Андрус Карнау, Райго Неудорф

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Карнау, Андрус

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory osta sooviv Orkla kontrerni esindajate kinnitusel hakatakse edaspidi toodangut eksportima nii Balti- kui Põhjamaadesse. Enne varade üleminekut uuele omanikule tuleb ära oodata Kalevi aktsiate aresti alt vabanemine

  10. Kalevi uus omanik tahab ettevõtte eksportima panna / Raigo Neudorf ; kommenteerinud Kuldar Leis, Kati Kusmin, Vjatšeslav Leedo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory osta sooviv Orkla kontrerni esindajate kinnitusel hakatakse edaspidi toodangut eksportima nii Balti- kui Põhjamaadesse. Enne varade üleminekut uuele omanikule tuleb ära oodata Kalevi aktsiate aresti alt vabanemine. Diagramm

  11. VKG Oil uvelitshit objom proizvodstva slantsevogo masla / Svetlana Loginova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loginova, Svetlana

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Viru Keemia Grupp tütarettevõte VKG Oil lõpetas põlevkiviõli tehase laiendamise, mille tulemusena peaksid õli tootmismahud alates 2006. aastast suurenema 20 protsendi võrra. Lisa: Ülevaade

  12. Siidii / Kreete Reval

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reval, Kreete

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Velvet Legion "Velvet Legion", Lou Reed "The Raven", Forgotten Sunrise "Please Disconnect Me", Ry Cooder & Manuel Galban "Mambo Sinuendo", Robert Jürjendal & Henn Rebane "Eesti Asi", Melanie C "Reason"

  13. Riina Vändre is the best P.R. manager in Estonia / Riina Vändre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vändre, Riina, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Turu-uuringute AS-i poolt ajakirjanike hulgas läbi viidud küsitluse tulemusel Eesti parimaks suhtekorraldajaks valitud Eesti Energia avalike suhete juht oma tööst monopoolse suurettevõtte maine kujundamisel

  14. Maseko hais Toompeal / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Riigikogu liige kirjeldab 7. aprillil Riigikogus toimunud parlamendiliikmete arupärimisi, kui keskkonnaminister Villu Reiljan vastas autori küsimustele AS-i Maseko kalajahu tootmisel leviva haisu vältimisest

  15. Shtraf ot goroda za samostroi - v interessah tshastnogo biznesa / Andrei Akulistõi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Akulistõi, Andrei

    2006-01-01

    AS Glaskek soovib koostöös kohalike omavalitsustega ühtlustada suurte kortermajade fassaade, mis oleks ettevõttele jätkuvaks turuks akende tootmises. Projekti tutvustab ASi Glaskek nõukogu esimees Vladimir Obershneider

  16. Annus ei taha olla esirikas / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 18. okt. lk. 2-3. Merko Grupp AS-i omaniku Toomas Annuse äritegevusest, suhtlemisest meediaga. Toomas Annuse CV, osalused firmades. Vt. samas intervjuud Toomas Annusega

  17. Haljala õlletehase omanik ostis Pulsi kaubamärgi / Aivar Ojaperv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojaperv, Aivar

    2008-01-01

    AS-i Viru Õlu suuromanik Harboe omandas Pärnu õlletehase Puls kaubamärgi koos õigusega toodete retseptidele, inventarile, seadmetele. Pulsi ja Ambrosia tooteid hakkab müüma Puls Brand Management AS

  18. AMS DAYS 2015 - Interview Roberto Battiston

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Roberto Battiston, president of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and deputy spokesperson of the AMS experiments, tells about AMS latest results and the complementarity with the second run of the LHC in the search for dark matter

  19. Elektrijaht köidab kaht Ühendriikide firmat / Argo Ideon, Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    NRG Energy läbirääkimised Eesti Elektrijaamade erastamiseks kestavad. USA firma Cinergy Corporation tegi pakkumise AS-i Narva Elektrivõrk 49% aktsiate ostmiseks, konkurents Soome firmaga IVO. Skeem: USA energiahaid Narvas

  20. Sarapuu lööb piletihinnad pilvepiirile / Alvar Nõuakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõuakas, Alvar

    2007-01-01

    Lääne-Virumaa liiniveo riigihanke konkursil teiseks jäänud AS GoBus nimetas parimaks tunnistatud AS-i Harjumaa Liinide pakkumist ebaharilikult madalaks ja eksitavaks. Konkursi tulemuse vaidlustas MRP Linna Liinide AS