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Sample records for bk020031 asi tpha

  1. EVALUATION OF MICRO-TPHA, VDRL AND RPR TESTS IN THE SERODIAGNOSIS OF SYPHILIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santhi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Syphilis is one of the most fascinating diseases of humans. Widespread use of antibiotics now has reduced the incidence of early syphilis and recognized new cases of late syphilis have decreased. Serological tests are the basis for the diagnosis of latent syphilis. They vary in their sensitivity and specificity. While non-treponemal tests (VDRL and RPR are most frequently used as screening procedures, treponemal tests (FTA-ABS and TPHA are considered to be highly sensitive and specific. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this study 100 serum samples collected from the patients attending STD Department, King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam. Samples were subjected to VDRL, RPR and Micro-TPHA tests to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of Micro-TPHA test in patients with various stages of syphilis and to evaluate the efficacy of Micro-TPHA to confirm the diagnosis of syphilis and to rule out biological false positive reactions or false negative reactions of VDRL tests. RESULTS Three tests (VDRL, RPR and Micro-TPHA were applied to all 100 patients. Among them 85 were VDRL reactive, 84 were RPR positive and 89 were TPHA positive. In them males were more in number, in 3 tests with respect to age, (21-30 age group patients showed predominance. Out of 100 patients, 81 sera were positive for all three tests and one serum sample was VDRL reactive, but RPR and TPHA were non-reactive. This may be a false positive reaction. The following tables showed the sensitivity and specificity of each test and also the sensitivity of each test in various stages of syphilis. CONCLUSION It is concluded as by performing TPHA test, false positive reactivity of VDRL test could be detected. Even in the cases of treated primary and secondary syphilis, TPHA was reactive. The lipoidal antigen tests primarily reflect disease activity and serial quantitative performance of these tests used to measure the treatment response.

  2. EVALUATION OF MICRO-TPHA, VDRL AND RPR TESTS IN THE SERODIAGNOSIS OF SYPHILIS

    OpenAIRE

    Santhi; Jhansi Lakshmi; Lavanya; Raju; Guru Prasad

    2016-01-01

    Syphilis is one of the most fascinating diseases of humans. Widespread use of antibiotics now has reduced the incidence of early syphilis and recognized new cases of late syphilis have decreased. Serological tests are the basis for the diagnosis of latent syphilis. They vary in their sensitivity and specificity. While non-treponemal tests (VDRL and RPR) are most frequently used as screening procedures, treponemal tests (FTA-ABS and TPHA) are considered to be highly sensitive and s...

  3. Addiction Severity Index (ASI) summary scores: comparison of the Recent Status Scores of the ASI-6 and the Composite Scores of the ASI-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denis, Cécile M; Cacciola, John S; Alterman, Arthur I

    2013-01-01

    The characteristics and the validity of the Recent Status Scores (RSSs), the new summary scores generated by the sixth version of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6), are compared to the fifth version of the ASI summary scores, the Composite Scores (CSs). A sample of 82 randomly selected patients from substance abuse treatment programs were interviewed with the ASI-6, the ASI-5 and were administered a validity battery of questionnaires that included measures corresponding to each of the ASI domains. Each ASI-6 RSS was significantly correlated with its corresponding ASI-5 CS. The intercorrelations among the RSSs are low and none of these correlations were statistically different from the intercorrelations among CSs. In five of the seven areas, the ASI-6 RSSs were more highly correlated to the corresponding validity measures than were the ASI-5 CSs. The ASI-6 offers more comprehensive content in its scales than do those derived with earlier ASIs.

  4. Addiction Severity Index (ASI) summary scores: comparison of the Recent Status Scores of the ASI-6 and the Composite Scores of the ASI-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denis, Cécile M; Cacciola, John S; Alterman, Arthur I

    2013-01-01

    The characteristics and the validity of the Recent Status Scores (RSSs), the new summary scores generated by the sixth version of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6), are compared to the fifth version of the ASI summary scores, the Composite Scores (CSs). A sample of 82 randomly selected patients from substance abuse treatment programs were interviewed with the ASI-6, the ASI-5 and were administered a validity battery of questionnaires that included measures corresponding to each of the ASI domains. Each ASI-6 RSS was significantly correlated with its corresponding ASI-5 CS. The intercorrelations among the RSSs are low and none of these correlations were statistically different from the intercorrelations among CSs. In five of the seven areas, the ASI-6 RSSs were more highly correlated to the corresponding validity measures than were the ASI-5 CSs. The ASI-6 offers more comprehensive content in its scales than do those derived with earlier ASIs. PMID:23886822

  5. ASi Tallink Grupp aktsiate esmane avalik pakkumine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    21. novembril algas AS-i Tallink Grupp aktsiate esmane pakkumine Tallinna börsil: jaeinvestoritel Eestis ja Soomes ning kutselistel investoritel Eestis, Soomes ja mujal on võimalus märkida kuni 34 090 909 firma lihtaktsiat. Vt.samas: Veel üks uus laev; Tallink Grupp asutas Lätis tütarettevõtte; ASi Tallink kommentaar ajalehes "Helsingin Sanomat" 13. novembril ilmunud artiklile; "Romantika" töötab jäähoki MMil flotellina; ASi Tallink Grupp 2004/2005. majandusaasta tulemustest; "Galaxy" ristimis- ja vettelaskmistseremoonia; 2. detsembril avalikustas AS Tallink Grupp oma aktsiate esmase avaliku pakkumise lõpliku pakkumishinna ning jaotamise tulemused

  6. Modeling of SSME fuel preburner ASI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Pak-Yan

    1992-07-01

    The Augmented Spark Ignitor (ASI) is a LOX/H2/electrical spark system that functions as an ignition source and sustainer for stable combustion. It is used in the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) preburner combustor, the SMME main combustion chamber, the J-1 and J-2 engines, as well as proposed designs of the Space Transportation Main Engine (STME) main combustor and gas generators. An undertaking to characterize the flow of the ASI is documented. The code consists of a marriage of the Implicit-Continuous Eulerian/Arbitrary Lagrangian Code (ICE-ALE) Navier-Stokes solver with the Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) Methodology for tracking of two immiscible fluids with sharp discontinuities. Spray droplets are represented by discrete numerical parcels tracked in a Lagrangian fashion. Numerous physical sub-models are also incorporated to describe the processes of atomization, droplet collision, droplet breakup, evaporation, and droplet and gas phase turbulence. An equilibrium chemistry model accounting for 8 active gaseous species is also used. Taking advantage of this symmetry plane, half of the actual ASI is modeled with a 3-D grid that geometrically resolves the LOX ports, the spark plug locations, and the hydrogen injection slots.

  7. Spectroscopic AC susceptibility imaging (sASI) of magnetic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ficko, Bradley W., E-mail: Bradley.W.Ficko@Dartmouth.edu; Nadar, Priyanka M.; Diamond, Solomon G.

    2015-02-01

    This study demonstrates a method for alternating current (AC) susceptibility imaging (ASI) of magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs) using low cost instrumentation. The ASI method uses AC magnetic susceptibility measurements to create tomographic images using an array of drive coils, compensation coils and fluxgate magnetometers. Using a spectroscopic approach in conjunction with ASI, a series of tomographic images can be created for each frequency measurement set and is termed sASI. The advantage of sASI is that mNPs can be simultaneously characterized and imaged in a biological medium. System calibration was performed by fitting the in-phase and out-of-phase susceptibility measurements of an mNP sample with a hydrodynamic diameter of 100 nm to a Brownian relaxation model (R{sup 2}=0.96). Samples of mNPs with core diameters of 10 and 40 nm and a sample of 100 nm hydrodynamic diameter were prepared in 0.5 ml tubes. Three mNP samples were arranged in a randomized array and then scanned using sASI with six frequencies between 425 and 925 Hz. The sASI scans showed the location and quantity of the mNP samples (R{sup 2}=0.97). Biological compatibility of the sASI method was demonstrated by scanning mNPs that were injected into a pork sausage. The mNP response in the biological medium was found to correlate with a calibration sample (R{sup 2}=0.97, p<0.001). These results demonstrate the concept of ASI and advantages of sASI. - Highlights: • Development of an AC susceptibility imaging model. • Comparison of AC susceptibility imaging (ASI) and susceptibility magnitude imaging (SMI). • Demonstration of ASI and spectroscopic ASI (sASI) using three different magnetic nanoparticle types. • SASI scan separation of three different magnetic nanoparticles samples using 5 spectroscopic frequencies. • Demonstration of biological feasibility of sASI.

  8. Solution-based metal induced crystallization of a-Si

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Chun-Ya; Li Xue-Dong; Zhao Shu-Yun; Li Juan; Meng Zhi-Guo; Xiong Shao-Zhen; Zhang Fang

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates a simplified metal induced crystallization (MIC) of a-Si, named solution-based MIC (S-MIC). The nickel inducing source was formed on a-Si from salt solution dissolved in de-ionized water or ethanol. a-Si thin film was deposited with low pressure chemical vapour deposition or plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition as precursor material for MIC. It finds that the content of nickel source formed on a-Si can be controlled by solution concentration and dipping time. The dependence of crystallization rate of a-Si on annealing time illustrated that the linear density of nickel source was another critical factor that affects the crystallization of a-Si, besides the diffusion of nickel disilicide. The highest electron Hall mobility of thus prepared S-MIC poly-Si is 45.6cm2/(V路s). By using this S-MIC poly-Si, thin film transistors and display scan drivers were made, and their characteristics are presented.

  9. La formation des mégapoles en Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry G. McGEE

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available L’Asie est au bord d’une explosion urbaine, avec un accroissement de 1 680 millions d’habitants entre 1980 et 2020. Cet accroissement se produira en grande partie dans les grandes mégapoles en train d’apparaître. Cet article tente d’expliquer le processus en cours.

  10. Économie politique de l’Asie (2)

    OpenAIRE

    Alary, Pierre; Bafoil, François; Coëdel, Denis; de Géry, Catherine; Dissaux, Tristan; Frigant, Vincent; Guerrien, Bernard; Gun, Ozgur; Heim, Stéphane; Krzywdzinski, Martin; Lafaye de Micheaux, Elsa; Lamarche, Thomas; Latham, William; Le Bas, Christian; Marie, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Ce numéro de la Revue de la régulation poursuit l’important travail mené à propos des capitalismes asiatiques. Après une première partie (n° 13, printemps 2013) plutôt centrée sur l’Asie du Sud-Est, la seconde partie de ce dossier thématique est dominée par l’analyse de l’Asie orientale et accorde une attention particulière à la Chine. >> lire la suite This issue of the Régulation Review is devoted to further contributions to the major current research project exploring capitalism in Asia. W...

  11. Pengaruh Daun Bangun Bangun (coleus amboinicus) Untuk Meningkatkan Produksi ASI

    OpenAIRE

    Idris, Rahmi

    2014-01-01

    Latar belakang : Daun Bangun-bangun atau Torbangun (Colues amboinicus Lour) adalah salah satu jenis tanaman yang umum dikonsumsi oleh ibu yang baru melahirkan di daerah Sumatera Utara, khususnya oleh suku batak. Daun Bangun-bangun dipercaya dapat meningkatkan produksi air susu ibu (ASI). Daun Bangun-bangun ini memiliki kandungan zat gizi tinggi, terutama zat besi dan karoten. Ditemukan pula bahwa konsumsi daun Bangun-bangun berpengaruh nyata terhadap peningkatan kadar beberapa mineral seperti...

  12. 腈纶油剂ASY-2的研制%Study on ASY-2 Finish for Polyacrylonitrile Fiber

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张喜强; 王俊

    2000-01-01

    针对国内腈纶油剂与进口美国油剂XF-2B在手感、耐热性上的差距,在油剂配方中采用了分子量较高的组分及氨基改性硅等,研制出新型ASY-2油剂.其手感、耐热性及主要纺丝性能指标基本达到了XF-2B油剂水平.经一定批量油剂纺丝应用试验,表明ASY-2的各项性能与XF-2B相接近,具有替代进口油剂,实现油剂国产化的推广应用前景.

  13. ANALISIS FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PEMBERIAN ASI EKSLUSIF PUSKESMAS PARIAMAN KOTA PARIAMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Fajri Utami

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ASI eksklusif, salah satu program prioritas karena dampaknya yang luas terhadap kesehatan bayi. Puskesmas Pariaman merupakan yang paling rendah cakupan ASI eksklusifnya yaitu 53,3 %. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor internal dan ekstemal program peningkatan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Penelitian kualitatif ini dilaksanakan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pariaman Kota Pariaman dengan informan kepala Puskesmas, koordinator program gizi, bidan desa, kader Posyandu, dan ibu bayi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara indepth interview, FGD dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara content analisis. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan aspek internal dari segi input, tenaga pelaksana adalah tenaga gizi dan sudah mendapatkan pelatihanASI eksklusif, belum ada dana khusus, metode yang digunakan yaitu penyuluhan dengan memanfaatkan sarana Posyandu dan kelas ibu. Dari segi process, belum ada perencanaan dan pengorganisasian khusus, telah dilakukan penggerakan dan pemantauan oleh tenaga kesehatan. Dari segi output, cakupan ASI eksklusif masih rendah. Aspek ekstemal belum ada kebijakanpemerintah daerah yang mendukungASI eksklusif ada kebiasaan masyarakat yang mempengaruhi ASI eksklusif, rendahnya pengetahuan ibu dan faktor pekerjaan ibu menyebabkan rendahnya ASI eksklusif. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa program ASI eksklusif masih lemah dan rendah secara internal dan ekstemal. Diharapkan tenaga gizi agar lebih meningkatkan sosialisasi ASI eksklusif.

  14. Hubungan Pemberian Makanan Pendamping Asi (MP-ASI dengan Status Gizi Anak Usia 1-3 Tahun di Kota Padang Tahun 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahaputri Ulva Lestari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMakanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI adalah makanan padat yang mengandung nutrien lengkap yang diberikan kepada bayi mulai usia 6 bulan disamping ASI eksklusif untuk mencapai tumbuh kembang yang optimal. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara usia pemberian MP-ASI dan jenis MP-ASI dengan status gizi. Penelitian ini merupakan studi cross sectional yang dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei-November 2012 pada anak usia 1-3 tahun yang berdomisili di Kota Padang. Pengumpulan data karakteristik responden, usia pemberian MP-ASI, dan jenis MP-ASI dilakukan dengan wawancara terpimpin. Pengukuran status gizi dilakukan berdasarkan BB/TB Z-score. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah uji chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukan dari 200 anak, 51% anak diberi diberi MP-ASI sesuai jadwal dengan jenis MP-ASI buatan pabrik. Status gizi kurang, lebih banyak didapatkan pada anak yang diberi MP-ASI dini (33%. Tidak ditemukan anak dengan status gizi buruk.Terdapat hubungan antara usia pemberian MP-ASI dengan status gizi p= 0,001 (P < 0,05 dan tidak ada hubungan antara jenis MP-ASI dengan status gizi p= 0,456 (p > 0,05.Kata kunci: MP-ASI, Status gizi, Anak usia 1-3 tahunAbstractComplementary feeding is a solid and nutrient dense foods that contain complete given to infants from 6 months of age are exclusively breastfed in addition to achieve optimal growth and development. The research objective was to determine the relationship between the age of complementary feeding and provision of complementary feeding types with nutritional status. This study is a cross-sectional study that was conducted in May-November 2012 on children aged 1-3 years who live in Padang. The characteristics of the respondents, aged giving complementary feeding, and the type of complementary feeding by the guided interview. Measurement of nutritional status is based on weight / height Z-score.The statistical analysis used was chi square test. The results showed that of 200 children

  15. Proceedings of the 10th ASIS SIG/CR classification research workshop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This volume is a working copy of the papers presented at the 9th ASIS SIG/CR workshop on classification research, held in Washington, DC, at the ASIS Annual Meeting on Sunday 31 October 1999. The contributions printed here are working papers, and thus, not necessarily in their final form. For thi......This volume is a working copy of the papers presented at the 9th ASIS SIG/CR workshop on classification research, held in Washington, DC, at the ASIS Annual Meeting on Sunday 31 October 1999. The contributions printed here are working papers, and thus, not necessarily in their final form...

  16. GenASiS: General Astrophysical Simulation System. I. Fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y; Endeve, Eirik; Mezzacappa, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System) is a new code being developed initially and primarily, though by no means exclusively, for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae on the world's leading capability supercomputers. Using the features of Fortran 2003 that allow for object-oriented programming, its classes are grouped into three major divisions: (1) Basics, which contains some basic utilitarian functionality for large-scale simulations on distributed-memory supercomputers; (2) Mathematics, which includes generic mathematical constructs and solvers that are as agnostic as possible with regard to the specifics of any particular system; and (3) Physics, which sets up physical spaces associated with various theories of spacetime (including gravity), defines various forms of stress-energy, and combines these into `universes.' To provide a foundation for subsequent papers focusing on the implementation of various pieces of physics needed for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae and other astr...

  17. Synthesis and characterization of (18)F-labeled active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erlandsson, Maria; Nielsen, Carsten H; Jeppesen, Troels E; Kristensen, Jesper B; Petersen, Lars C; Madsen, Jacob; Kjaer, Andreas

    2015-05-15

    Activated factor VII blocked in the active site with Phe-Phe-Arg-chloromethyl ketone (active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS)) is a 50-kDa protein that binds with high affinity to its receptor, tissue factor (TF). TF is a transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in, for example, thrombosis, metastasis, tumor growth, and tumor angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to develop an (18)F-labeled ASIS derivative to assess TF expression in tumors. Active site inhibited factor VII was labeled using N-succinimidyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate, and the [(18)F]ASIS was purified on a PD-10 desalting column. The radiochemical yield was 25 ± 6%, the radiochemical purity was >97%, and the pseudospecific radioactivity was 35 ± 9 GBq/µmol. The binding efficacy was evaluated in pull-down experiments, which monitored the binding of unlabeled ASIS and [(18)F]ASIS to TF and to a specific anti-factor VII antibody (F1A2-mAb). No significant difference in binding efficacy between [(18)F]ASIS and ASIS could be detected. Furthermore, [(18)F]ASIS was relatively stable in vitro and in vivo in mice. In conclusion, [(18)F]ASIS has for the first time been successfully synthesized as a possible positron emission tomography tracer to image TF expression levels. In vivo positron emission tomography studies to evaluate the full potential of [(18)F]ASIS are in progress. PMID:25820758

  18. Component Testing of the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Robin J.; Peters, Warren T.; Gaspar, Kenny C.; Hauger, Katherine; Kwapisz, Mike J.

    2013-01-01

    In support of the development of the J-2X engine, 201 low pressure, liquid oxygen / liquid hydrogen (LOX/LH2) J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) subsystem ignition tests were conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The main objective of these tests was to start the ASI within the anticipated J-2X engine start box, as well as outside of it, to check for ignition margin. The setup for the J-2X ASI component testing simulated, as much as possible, the tank-head start-up configuration of the ASI within the J-2X Engine. The ignition tests were divided into 124 vacuum start tests to simulate altitude start on a flight engine, and 77 sea-level start tests to simulate the first set of ground tests for the J-2X Engine at Stennis Space Center (SSC). Other ignition parameters that were varied included propellant tank pressures, oxidizer temperature entering the ASI oxidizer feedline, oxidizer valve timing, spark igniter condition (new versus damaged), and oxidizer and fuel feedline orifice sizes. Propellant blowdowns using venturis sized to simulate the ASI resistance allowed calculation of transient propellant mass flow rates as well as global mixture ratio for all ignition tests. Global mixture ratio within the ASI at the time of ignition varied from 0.2 to 1.2. Detailed electronics data obtained from an instrumented ignition lead allowed characterization of the breakdown voltage, sustaining voltage and energy contained in each spark as the ASI propellants ignited. Results indicated that ignition always occurred within the first five sparks when both propellants were present in the ASI chamber.

  19. Synthesis and characterization of 18F-labeled active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erlandsson, Maria; Nielsen, Carsten Haagen; Jeppesen, Troels Elmer;

    2015-01-01

    Activated factor VII blocked in the active site with Phe-Phe-Arg-chloromethyl ketone (active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS)) is a 50-kDa protein that binds with high affinity to its receptor, tissue factor (TF). TF is a transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in, for example......, thrombosis, metastasis, tumor growth, and tumor angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to develop an 18F-labeled ASIS derivative to assess TF expression in tumors. Active site inhibited factor VII was labeled using N-succinimidyl-4-[18F]fluorobenzoate, and the [18F]ASIS was purified on a PD-10 desalting...

  20. Lesson Learned from AGILE and LARES ASI Projects About MATED Data Collection and Post Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpentiero, Rita; Mrchetti, Ernesto; Natalucci, Silvia; Portelli, Claudio

    2012-07-01

    ASI has managed and collected data on project development of two scientific all-Italian missions: AGILE and LARES. Collection of the Model And Test Effectiveness Database (MATED) data, concerning Project, AIV (Assembly Integration and Verification) and NCR (Non Conformance Report) aspects has been performed by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), using available technical documentation of both AGILE e LARES projects. In this paper some consideration on the needs of 'real time' data collection is made, together with proposal of front end improvement of this tool. In addition a preliminary analysis of MATED effectiveness related to the above ASI projects will be presented in a bottom-up and post verification approach.

  1. Le patrimoine urbain en Asie centrale 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillemette Pincent

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Le « patrimoine urbain » est une expression utilisée en Europe occidentale depuis le début du XXe siècle. Quelle signification prend-il en Asie centrale ? Nous verrons que le patrimoine urbain y est un concept étatique qui répond à des impératifs économiques, politiques et non historiques. Il regroupe principalement des monuments utiles au pouvoir politique et se soucie peu de l’authenticité historique chère à l’Occident.The “urban heritage” is an expression used in Western Europe since the beginning of XXth century. What meaning does it take in Central Asia? We shall see that the urban heritage is a state concept, which answers to economic, political and not historic imperatives. It includes mainly monuments useful for the political power and cares few about the historic authenticity advocated by the West.

  2. Compensator thickness verification using an a-Si EPID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are being increasingly employed to make therapy verification and dose measurements in the clinic. In this work, we investigate the use of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) EPID to verify the accuracy of compensator fabrication and mounting. Compensator thickness estimates on a two-dimensional grid were calculated from the primary component of transmission obtained by subtracting a modeled scatter component from the total transmission measured with the EPID. The primary component was related to the thickness via an exponential relation that includes beam hardening. Implementation of the method involved determination of: (i) a calibration curve relating EPID pixel values to energy fluence for open and attenuated fields, which was found to be linear for open fields but to have a small quadratic component for attenuated beams; (ii) EPID scatter factors to account for field size effects, which exhibited a small dependence on compensator thickness and field size; (iii) the attenuation coefficient of the steel shot compensator material, which varied slightly with off-axis distance and field size, and (iv) an analytical model to predict scatter from the compensator, which was calculated to be <4% at the standard EPID imaging distance of 140 cm. Thickness distributions were then measured for several types of attenuators including flat, test, and clinical compensators. Although uncertainties associated with compensator manufacturing were non-negligible and made assessment of thickness measurement uncertainty difficult, we estimate the latter to be ∼0.5 mm for steel shot compensators of thickness <4 cm

  3. Fundamental Physics with the ASI Lunar Mission MAGIA (Phase A Study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell'Agnello, S.; Currie, D.; Delle Monache, G.; Vittori, R.; Bellettini, G.; March, R.; Tauraso, R.; Boni, A.; Cantone, C.; Garattini, M.; Lops, C.; Martini, M.; Prosperi, C.

    2008-07-01

    MAGIA is a mission selected by ASI for Phase A study for the planetology science and fundamental physics measurements: Gravitational Redshift; Precursor test of Proposal LLRRA-21 (NASA LSSO); Measurement of the Selenocenter.

  4. Structural properties of a-Si films and their effect on aluminum induced crystallization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we report the influence of the structural properties of amorphous silicon (a-Si) on its subsequent crystallization behavior via the aluminum induced crystallization (AIC) method. Two distinct a-Si deposition techniques, electron beam evaporation and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), are compared for their effect on the overall AIC kinetics as well as the properties of the final poly-crystalline (poly-Si) silicon film. Raman and FTIR spectroscopy results indicate that the PECVD grown a-Si films has higher intermediate-range order, which is enhanced for increased hydrogen dilution during deposition. With increasing intermediate-range order of the a-Si, the rate of AIC is diminished, leading larger poly-Si grain size

  5. GenASiS: General Astrophysical Simulation System. II. Nonrelativistic Hydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y; Endeve, Eirik; Mezzacappa, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the second in a series, we document the algorithms and solvers for compressible nonrelativistic hydrodynamics implemented in GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System)---a new code being developed initially and primarily, though by no means exclusively, for the simulation of core-collapse supernovae. In the Mathematics division of GenASiS we introduce Solvers, which includes finite-volume updates for generic hyperbolic BalanceEquations and ordinary differential equation integration Steps. We also introduce the Physics division of GenASiS; this extends the Manifolds division of Mathematics into physical Spaces, defines StressEnergies, and combines these into Universes. We benchmark the hydrodynamics capabilities of GenASiS against many standard test problems; the results illustrate the basic competence of our implementation, demonstrate the manifest superiority of the HLLC over the HLL Riemann solver in a number of interesting cases, and provide preliminary indications of the code's abili...

  6. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI) EKSLUSIF PADA BAYI

    OpenAIRE

    Paiman Soeparmanto; Setia Pranata

    2012-01-01

    Exclusive breast-feeding (ASI exclusive) should be given to babies aged until four or six months. But until now the performance was only aboud 50% mothers practiced exclusive the breast-feeding. The main purpose of this research was to team influencing factors to the "ASI exclusive". Identified factors were mothers' age, children age, mother's education level, mother's working or not, number of family members, number of children in family, average of mother income every month, average of fami...

  7. Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm ja Vello Asi. Näitusekataloog = Interior architects Väino Tamm and Vello Asi. Exhibition catalogue

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Näitusekataloogi "Tamm ja Asi" autor ja koostaja Karen Jagodin ning kujundaja Tiit Jürna pälvisid Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2007. a. publitsistika preemia. Enamik raamatus publitseeritud fotodest pärineb fotograaf Rein Vainküla kogust. K. Jagodinist ja T. Jürnast, nende fotod

  8. A study on the dynamic tie points ASI algorithm in the Arctic Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Guanghua; SU Jie

    2015-01-01

    Sea ice concentration is an important parameter for polar sea ice monitoring. Based on 89 GHz AMSR-E (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System) data, a gridded high-resolution passive microwave sea ice concentration product can be obtained using the ASI (the Arctic Radiation And Turbulence Interaction Study (ARTIST) Sea Ice) retrieval algorithm. Instead of using fixed-point values, we developed ASI algorithm based on daily changed tie points, called as the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm in this study. Here the tie points are expressed as the brightness temperature polarization difference of open water and 100% sea ice. In 2010, the yearly-averaged tie points of open water and sea ice in Arctic are estimated to be 50.8 K and 7.8 K, respectively. It is confirmed that the sea ice concentrations retrieved by the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm can increase (decrease) the sea ice concentrations in low-value (high-value) areas. This improved the sea ice concentrations by present retrieval algorithm from microwave data to some extent. Comparing with the products using fixed tie points, the sea ice concentrations retrieved from AMSR-E data by using the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm are closer to those obtained from MODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In 40 selected cloud-free sample regions, 95% of our results have smaller mean differences and 75% of our results have lower root mean square (RMS) differences compare with those by the fixed tie points.

  9. Magnetism of Mn doped in a-Si and a-Ge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Juexian

    2009-03-01

    With experimental studies and density function theory calculations, we report on the properties of Mn-doped amorphous Si and Ge which are designed to understand the fundamentals of cooperative phenomena in highly correlated electronic and magnetic systems. We observed a striking difference in Mn local moment when doped in a-Si and a-Ge matrices, in great contrast to the previous speculation that these two should behave very similar as the semiconductor host for transition metals. While we observed a large local moment of Mn in a-Ge, Mn moment is quenched in a-Si. The large difference of local magnetic moment of Mn in a-Si and a-Ge can be understood by the local atomic environment at the magnetic dopant sites, that is, the bond length and the coordination. Statistical DFT calculations shows that the magnetic dopant Mn with less coordination and large bond length hold large magnetic moment. Otherwise, the magnetic moment would be killed. In a-Ge, dopant Mn favours less coordination and large bond while more coordination and small bond length in a-Si, which result in the enhancement/quenchement of local magnetic moment Mn in a-Si/ a-Ge.

  10. Dukungan Keluarga dalam Pelaksanaan Pijat Oksitosin untuk Meningkatkan Produksi ASI pada Ibu Nifas di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Medan Johor

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Ice Septriani

    2015-01-01

    ASI (breast milk) is the best food given by a mother to her new-born baby and the most important one in the first months of a baby’s life which can give protection for infection. The decrease in ASI production in the first days can be caused by the lack of the stimulus of oxytocin and prolactin hormones which play their role in expediting ASI production. One of the techniques to stimulate ASI production is by performing oxytocin message. Its implementation cannot be done by ...

  11. Hubungan Pemberian ASI dengan Tumbuh Kembang Bayi Umur 6 Bulan di Puskesmas Nanggalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Insana Fitri

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakBayi mengalami proses tumbuh kembang yang dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya adalah gizi. Unsur gizi pada bayi dapat dipenuhi dengan pemberian ASI, bahkan sampai umur 6 bulan sesuai rekomendasi WHO tahun 2001 diberikan ASI eksklusif. Namun, angka pencapaian ASI eksklusif di Indonesia masih rendah yaitu 61,5% dan puskesmas Nanggalo 65%. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI dengan tumbuh kembang bayi umur 6 bulan di Puskesmas Nanggalo. Penelitian ini merupakan studi analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Pertumbuhan dinilai melalui status gizi dan perkembangan melalui Tes Denver II, dengan jumlah sampel 50 bayi. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah uji chi square dengan derajat kemaknaan 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberian ASI eksklusif masih rendah (30% dibandingkan ASI non eksklusif (70%. Bayi ASI eksklusif berpeluang mengalami pertumbuhan normal 1,62 kali lebih besar dibandingkan bayi ASI non eksklusif (nilai OR = 1,62 dan perkembangan sesuai umur 5,474 kali lebih besar dibandingkan bayi ASI non eksklusif. Namun, pada pertumbuhan diperoleh nilai p = 0,696 dan nilai p perkembangan= 0,062 sehingga hubungan pemberian ASI terhadap tumbuh kembangan tidak signifikan. Penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara pemberian ASI dengan tumbuh kembang bayi umur 6 bulan di Puskesmas Nanggalo Kota Padang.Kata kunci: Bayi umur 6 bulan, Pemberian ASI, Tumbuh KembangAbstractThe infant has a process of growth and development that is affected by several factors, one of them is nutrition. The element of nutrition for infant can be fulfilled by breast feeding, WHO (2011 recommends the infant should be given the exclusive breast feeding until it reaches 6 months old. However, the achievement number of exclusive breast feeding in Indonesia is still low (61.5% and in the Nanggalo Community Health Center (65%. The aim of this research is to know the relationship between the breast feeding with

  12. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI EKSLUSIF PADA BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paiman Soeparmanto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Exclusive breast-feeding (ASI exclusive should be given to babies aged until four or six months. But until now the performance was only aboud 50% mothers practiced exclusive the breast-feeding. The main purpose of this research was to team influencing factors to the "ASI exclusive". Identified factors were mothers' age, children age, mother's education level, mother's working or not, number of family members, number of children in family, average of mother income every month, average of family expences every month, attendant at the first, attendant at the last delivery and the diferencies village-urban life. The data source as Modul of National Economic Survey 2001. The total babies sample 0-4 age-month were 1533 and 0-11 age-month were 5313, respectively. The data obtained were analyzed by bivariate test to determine differences and relationship of ASI exclusive as dependent variable with each independent variable identified in this research. Multiple logistic regression analysis was done to determine influencing factors to ASI exclusive. Results of descriptive analysis showed ASI exclusive according to infant's age, 42.2%  were until 4 month-age, 41.2% were until 5 month-age and 36.7% were until 6 month-age babies. The differences and relationship of ASI exclusive proportions depend on mothers working or not, attendant at the last delivery, mother living in urban/rural and the average of family expences every month. Result of multivariate logistic regression analysis, showed two significant variables mothers living in urban/rural and mothers working or not. Whether the influences were weak may because not sufficient data analyzed in the multiple logistic regression only two significant variable identifed. The recommendation from this research results is to promote health education on exclusive breast-feeding among pregnant mothers.   Keywords: exclusive breast-feeding

  13. Poziv: Duhovnost i san. San o oružju Franje Asiškoga

    OpenAIRE

    Balajić, Siniša

    2009-01-01

    San o oružju Franje Asiškoga doima se važnim elemenatom u proučavanju, ne toliko poziva Franje Asiškoga, koliko poziva uopće. Budući da se analizom i interpretacijom snova bave antropologija, psihologija, filozofija, teologija, itd., koncept razumijevanja ovoga sna uokviruje različita znanstvena (antropologija, psihologija) i teorijska načela (filozofija, teologija-duhovnost). Svjesni smo da proučavanje nečijega života, a pogotovo proučavanje nečijih snova, nije nimalo la...

  14. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est

    OpenAIRE

    Gallenga, Ghislaine; Soldani, Jérôme

    2013-01-01

    L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus sou...

  15. PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DAN KARAKTERISTIK DEMOGRAFI (STUDI KASUS DI PROPINSI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA BARAT DAN NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Menyusui secara eksklusif dapat menjaga kelangsungan hidup dan kesehatan bayi. WHO merekomendasikan pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan. Namun kenyataan di lapangan, hanya sebagian kecil ibu yang memberikan ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan. Tujuan: mempelajari faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif sampai 6 bulan. Metode: Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan menggunakan desain penelitian cross-sectional. Responden adalah ibu-ibu yang mempunyai anak yang berumur 6-12 bulan, Pemilihan responden dilakukan secara acak dan seluruhnya berjumlah 1884 responden. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada tahun 2006 di 3 Propinsi yakni Jawa Barat, Sumatera Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Timur. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi; karakteristik sosioekonomi, sosiodemografi, pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI, pemberian cairan pralaktal selain ASI, tempat persalinan, pemberian kolostrum. dan penolong persalinan, Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif dan analitik dengan membuat tabel-tabel distribusi frekuensi kemudian diuji menggunakan X2 (khi kuadrat. Hasil. Proporsi praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif di tiga propinsi masih rendah yaitu Jawa barat 19,2%, Sumatera Barat 10,4% dan Nusa Tenggara Timur 8,9%. Setelah dianalisis diperoleh beberapa faktor penentu yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif yaitu; ibu tinggal di wilayah kabupaten, ibu tidak bekerja, pemberian kolostrum dan penolong persalinan oleh bidan dan dukun terlatih. Sebagian besar diatas 80% responden tidak bekerja hanya sebagai ibu rumahtangga. Sebanyak (74,4% sampel di Jawa Barat dan 76,8% sampel di Sumatera Barat penolong persalinan oleh tenaga kesehatan. Sedangkan di Nusa Tenggara Timur lebih dari separoh 65,4% penolong persalinan oleh tenaga kesehatan bersama dukun terlatih. Faktor pemberian kolostrum di Sumatera Barat merupakan faktor penentu yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif. Kesimpulan. Faktor penentu yang hubungannya bermakna

  16. Impact of environment factors on solar cell parameters of a-Si parallel {mu}c-Si photovoltaic modules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ichida, Kyoko; Fukushige, Shunichi; Minemoto, Takashi; Takakura, Hideyuki [College of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577 (Japan); Nakajima, Akihiko [Kaneka Corporation, 2-1-1 Hieitsuji, Otsu, Shiga 520-0104 (Japan)

    2009-06-15

    The behavior of amorphous silicon parallel micro crystalline silicon (a-Si parallel {mu}c-Si) tandem-type photovoltaic (PV) module is complex because the output current is limited by the lower current component cell. Also, the outdoor behaviors are not fully understood. The impact of environment factors on solar cell parameters of a-Si parallel {mu}c-Si PV module was quantitatively analyzed and the module was compared with other silicon-based PV modules (single crystalline silicon (sc-Si) and amorphous silicon (a-Si)). The contour maps of solar cell parameters were constructed as a function of irradiance and module temperature. The contour map of a-Si parallel {mu}c-Si PV modules is similar to that of a-Si modules. The results imply that output characteristics of a-Si parallel {mu}c-Si PV modules are mainly influenced by the a-Si top cell. Furthermore, the efficiency of a-Si parallel {mu}c-Si PV modules was compared other solar cell parameters and the contour map of efficiency is similar to that of fill factor. (author)

  17. [Psychometric performance of the 6th version of the Addiction Severity Index in Spanish (ASI-6)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz Mesa, Eva M; García-Portilla, Paz; Sáiz, Pilar A; Bobes Bascarán, Teresa; Casares, María José; Fonseca, Eduardo; Carreño, Eduardo; Flórez, Gerardo; Guardia, Josep; Ochoa, Enriqueta; Pereiro, César; Rubio, Gabriel; Terán, Antonio; Fernández Hermida, José Ramón; Bobes, Julio

    2010-08-01

    This work analysed the psychometric properties of the 6th version of the Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6) translated and adapted to the Spanish language. A multicentre, observational and prospective design was used. A total of 258 participants were included, 217 were patients (35 stable patients and 182 unstable patients), and 41 were controls. The results show satisfactory psychometric performance of the ASI-6. The degree of the internal consistency of the standardized objective scores ranged between .47 and .95. As for test-retest reliability, the values were acceptable, varying from .36 to 1. The study of the internal structure revealed a good fit to a unidimensional solution for all scales taken independently. Regarding convergent-discriminant validity, the correlations between the primary and secondary scales of the ASI-6 and the Clinic Global Impression score were low, with values from .01 to .26. Likewise, 8 of the 15 scales differentiated between controls and unstable patients. The psychometric properties of the ASI-6 Spanish version seem to be acceptable, though it is necessary to carry out new studies to test metric quality with independent samples of patients.

  18. Festival "Meretagune asi" kutsub osa saama vendade Tuulikute loomingust / Ivika Laanet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanet, Ivika

    2009-01-01

    Kuressaares toimub Saaremaa Rahvateatri ja Kuressaare Linnateatri poolt korraldatud harrastusteatrite festival "Meretagune asi", mis on pühendatud vendadele Ülo ja Jüri Tuulikule. Festivali raames toimub kuuldemängunädal, teatri- ja kirjanduskonverents ning Jüri Tuuliku näitemängude päev

  19. Stomach Contents of the Catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) in the River Asi (Turkey)

    OpenAIRE

    YALÇIN, Şükran

    2001-01-01

    Natural food items of catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) were investigated in the River Asi from September 1996 to October 1998. Analyses of stomach contents showed that the catfish feed basically on Arthropoda, mostly Diptera larvae, and on plant materials to a considerable extent. A successful filter feeding was observed, especially during the summer period.

  20. PENGETAHUAN GIZI, KELUHAN KESEHATAN, KONDISI PSIKOLOGIS, DAN POLA PEMBERIAN ASI IBU POSTPARTUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armina Puji Utari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to assess nutritional knowledge, health complaints, psychological conditions, and their association with breastfeeding pattern on postpartum mother. A cross sectional study with interview method was conducted in five villages in Dramaga Subdistrict, Bogor District, during the period of April to May 2013. Subjects included in this study were 30 postpartum mothers who met inclusion criteria. Subjects were mothers of 10—40 days old newborn baby and it was not the first childbirth, willing to be subject through informed consent agreement, and was able to communicate. The majority of postpartum mothers had fair nutritional knowledge (60.0%, low health complaints (66.7%, and depression (56.7%. The nutritional knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding tended to correlate with exclusive breastfeeding practice (r=0.126; p=0.508. Meanwhile, lower health complaints tended to correlate with better breastfeeding practices (r=0.063; p=0.74.Keywords: breastfeeding, health complaints, nutritional knowledge, postpartum mother, psychologicalconditionsABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengetahuan gizi, status kesehatan, kondisi psikologis serta kaitannya dengan pola pemberian ASI ibu postpartum. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional study dengan metode wawancara yang dilakukan di lima desa di Kecamatan Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor, pada bulan April hingga Mei 2013. Subjek penelitian adalah 30 ibu postpartum dengan kriteria inklusi, ibu dari bayi berusia 10—40 hari dan bukan persalinan pertama, bersedia menjadi subjek penelitian, dan dapat berkomunikasi dengan baik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar ibu postpartum memiliki tingkat pengetahuan gizi cukup (60%, keluhan kesehatan rendah (66.7% serta mengalami depresi (56.7%. Pengetahuan gizi tentang definisi ASI yang semakin baik pada ibu postpartum cenderung berkorelasi dengan pemberian ASI eksklusif yang baik (r=0.126; p=0.508. Sebaliknya, semakin

  1. a-Si TFT/PIN图像传感器件%a-Si TFT/PIN Coupled-Pair Sensors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    在模拟计算以a-Si TFT为有源开关,以a-Si PIN为光敏源的有源成像器件工作特性与各单元元件关系的基础上,详细讨论了单元器件的材料、物理参数对a-Si TFT/PIN耦合对特性的影响,并给出一定试验结果.用LED光源照射a-Si PIN的光电转换率可达18.1nA/lx,a-Si TFT/PIN有较好的线性度.%The effect of a-Si TFT and a-Si PIN diode performance on a-Si TFT/PIN coupled pairs of active addressing image sensors array has been studied by simulation and experiment.High switch ratio a-Si TFT and high photosensitivity of a-Si PIN diodes have been obtained.The photo-converted ratio of a-Si PIN is about 18.1 nA/lx.The good linear relationship between the photo-current and the illuminated intensity has been obtained in the a-Si TFT/PIN image sensors.

  2. Dispersive transport in hydrogenated a-Si prepared by rf sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Time-of-flight measurement of photo-excited carriers has been carried out in hydrogenated a-Si deposited by rf sputtering method. Both electrons and holes show highly dispersive transport. The electron drift mobility near room temperature ranges from 5 x 10-3 to 4 x 10-5 cm2/V.s, much lower than that of GD samples, and the activation energy is about 0.3 eV. The value of the hole mobility is comparable with that in GD specimens, but its activation energy is about 0.2 eV which is about half of that observed in GD a-Si. (author)

  3. Ultra fast melting process in femtosecond laser crystallization of thin a-Si layer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we investigated the mechanism of crystallization induced by femtosecond laser irradiation for an amorphous Si (a-Si) thin layer on a crystalline Si (c-Si) substrate. The fundamental, SHG, THG wavelength of a Ti:Sapphire laser was used for the crystallization process. To investigate the processed areas we performed Laser Scanning Microscopy (LSM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Imaging Pump-Probe measurements. Except for 267 nm femtosecond laser irradiation, the crystallization occurred well. The threshold fluences for the crystallization using 800 nm and 400 nm femtosecond laser irradiations were 100 mJ/cm2 and 30 mJ/cm2, respectively. TEM observation revealed that the crystallization occurred by epitaxial growth from the boundary surface between the a-Si layer and c-Si substrate. The melting depths estimated by Imaging Pump-Probe measurements became shallower when the shorter wavelength was used.

  4. Analytic solutions for links and triangles distributions in finite Barab\\'asi-Albert networks

    CERN Document Server

    Ferreira, Ricardo M; Brunnet, Leonardo G

    2016-01-01

    Barab\\'asi-Albert model describes many different natural networks, often yielding sensible explanations to the subjacent dynamics. However, finite size effects may prevent from discerning among different underlying physical mechanisms and from determining whether a particular finite system is driven by Barab\\'asi-Albert dynamics. Here we propose master equations for the evolution of the degrees, links and triangles distributions, solve them both analytically and by numerical iteration, and compare with numerical simulations. The analytic solutions for all these distributions predict the network evolution for systems as small as 100 nodes. The analytic method we developed is applicable for other classes of networks, representing a powerful tool to investigate the evolution of natural networks.

  5. Chapitre 8. La diplomatie économique de la Chine en Asie du Sud-Est

    OpenAIRE

    Tran Dai, Candice

    2016-01-01

    Longtemps marquée par l’influence chinoise, l’Asie du Sud-est s’est émancipée progressivement à partir du milieu du XIXe de son gigantesque voisin. Le décollage économique entamé à la fin des années 1970, fait de la Chine un nouvel acteur majeur de cette région du monde. Cette communication analyse les relations de la Chine avec l’Asie du Sud-est dans le contexte de la crise économique mondiale.Pékin a développé une stratégie de rapprochement avec ces États, fondée sur les échanges commerciau...

  6. Influence of plasma etching in a multi chamber system on a-Si solar cell performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kausche, H.; Moeller, M.; Plaettner, R.

    The plasma-CVD deposition system consisting of two chambers and developed at Siemens can deposit 9 pin solar cells of 100 sq cm simultaneously. Cleaning of the internal surfaces coated with a-Si is performed by plasma etching. The etch gases CF4+O2, SF6 and NF3 were investigated with respect to their etch rates, their efficacy in cleaning 'hidden' parts in the chamber, and with respect to the etching reaction products affecting the performance of the subsequently deposited cells. Mass spectrometric cell performance measurements were therefore taken. The sequence of etching with CF4+O2 or NF3, glow discharge in Ar+H2, pre-deposition of a-Si and cell deposition proved to be a suitable method for achieving high cell performance.

  7. Evolution of ethnocentrism on undirected and directed Barab\\'asi-Albert networks

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, F. W. S.; Hadzibeganovic, Tarik; Stauffer, Dietrich

    2009-01-01

    Using Monte Carlo simulations, we study the evolution of contigent cooperation and ethnocentrism in the one-move game. Interactions and reproduction among computational agents are simulated on {\\it undirected} and {\\it directed} Barab\\'asi-Albert (BA) networks. We first replicate the Hammond-Axelrod model of in-group favoritism on a square lattice and then generalize this model on {\\it undirected} and {\\it directed} BA networks for both asexual and sexual reproduction cases. Our simulations d...

  8. KARAKTERISASI EKSTRAK ETANOL BIJI KLABET (Trigonella foenum-graecum L SEBAGAI TANAMAN OBAT PELANCAR ASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Isnawati

    2013-08-01

    belakang. Data (SDKI tahun 2002-2003, ditemukan  jumlah pemberian ASI eksklusif pada bayi di bawah usia dua bulan hanya mencakup 64% dari total bayi yang ada dan lebih memprihatinkan, 13% bayi di bawah dua bulan telah diberi susu formula. Selain itu satu dari tiga bayi usia 2-3 bulan telah diberi makanan tambahan. Hasil suatu survei melaporkan bahwa 38% ibu menghentikan pemberian ASI bagi bayi dengan alasan produksi ASI tidak mencukupi. Klabet sebagai herbal penambah ASI perlu dilakukan karakterisasi ekstrak biji Klabet sebagai langkah awal standarisasi ekstrak biji Klabet. Metode. Sampel adalah ekstrak biji Klabet. Tanaman Klabet diperoleh dari Jawa Timur.Untuk menjamin persyaratan mutu ekstrak etanol 50 % biji Klabet yang digunakan sebagai herbal untuk pelancar ASI pertama –tama harus memenuhi karakteristik mutu berdasarkan Pedoman persyaratan ekstrak yang dikeluarkan BPOM.Pemeriksaan men-cakup parameter non spesifik antara lain: kadar air, kadar abu total, kadar abu tidak larut asam, dan susut. Sedangkan parameter spesifik mencakup penetapan kadar sari larut alka-loid, penetapan kadar sari larut air, penetapan kadar Trigonellin dan uji golongan senyawa kimia Hasil. Karakterisasi ekstrak etanol 50 % biji klabet non spesifik : kadar air 13,70 %, kadar abu total 1,16 %, kadar abu tidak larut asam 0,06 % dan susut pengeringan 20,59  %, sedangkan karakteristik  spesifik : kadar sari larut etanol 59,58 %, kadar sari larut air 47,78 %, dan   kadar Trigonellin 9,72 %.   Kata kunci : Ekstrak etanol Biji Klabet,Trigonellin, Trigonella foenum-graecum L ,ASI

  9. Posición de los araucanos en un contexto asiático-europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis, María Antonia

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Según el modelo clásico de poblamiento americano, los amerindios poseen un ancestro básico de tipo mongoloide, con diferenciaciones secundarias originadas por procesos microevolutivos locales. Toda comparación basada en distancias o en componentes funcionales, debería sostener entonces, la hipótesis: "las distribuciones amerindias se aproximan en mayor grado a las de las poblaciones asiáticas y en menor grado a las de las poblaciones europeas". Por componer los araucanos una población típicamente amerindia, debe esperarse que presenten mayor similitud morfológica con grupos asiáticos mongolizados y secundariamente, afinidades con grupos de extracción no mongoloide, dadas estas últimas por procesos evolutivos de adaptación convergente o mestizaje. El objeto del presente trabajo es corroborar el rechazo de dicha hipótesis (Pucciarelli et al.,1999, a través de un conjunto de nuevas comparaciones. Se procedió a medir 17 cráneos araucanos masculinos mediante 46 variables de las propuestas por Howells (1973 y compararlos con muestras de europeos (norse, zalavar, berg, asiáticos (chinos, japoneses, ainu, buriat, coreanos, filipinos y esquimales, cuyos datos fueron extraídos de los archivos proporcionados por Howells (1996. La estadística realizada consistió en análisis canónico, análisis discriminante, y "clusters" jerárquicos, mediante el programa Systat 7.0. Se halló que: (ala elipse de distribución de los araucanos fue casi equidistante respecto de norse y sudjaponeses, siendo la distancia entre éstos menor que la de cada uno de ellos respecto de araucanos; (ben el primer "cluster" con europeos, filipinos, sudjaponeses y ainu, los araucanos se separaron en un "subcluster" aislado y a la mayor distancia, le siguieron los ainu en un segundo "subcluster", mientras que los filipinos ocuparon un tercero, junto con europeos y japoneses; (cen el segundo "cluster", los araucanos se agruparon en forma intermedia entre chinos

  10. A global calibration model for a-Si EPIDs used for transit dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijsten, S M J J G; van Elmpt, W J C; Jacobs, M; Mijnheer, B J; Dekker, A L A J; Lambin, P; Minken, A W H

    2007-10-01

    Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are not only applied for patient setup verification and detection of organ motion but are also increasingly used for dosimetric verification. The aim of our work is to obtain accurate dose distributions from a commercially available amorphous silicon (a-Si) EPID for transit dosimetry applications. For that purpose, a global calibration model was developed, which includes a correction procedure for ghosting effects, field size dependence and energy dependence of the a-Si EPID response. In addition, the long-term stability and additional buildup material for this type of EPID were determined. Differences in EPID response due to photon energy spectrum changes have been measured for different absorber thicknesses and field sizes, yielding off-axis spectrum correction factors based on transmission measurements. Dose measurements performed with an ionization chamber in a water tank were used as reference data, and the accuracy of the dosimetric calibration model was determined for a large range of treatment conditions. Gamma values using 3% as dose-difference criterion and 3 mm as distance-to-agreement criterion were used for evaluation. The field size dependence of the response could be corrected by a single kernel, fulfilling the gamma evaluation criteria in case of virtual wedges and intensity modulated radiation therapy fields. Differences in energy spectrum response amounted up to 30%-40%, but could be reduced to less than 3% using our correction model. For different treatment fields and (in)homogeneous phantoms, transit dose distributions satisfied in almost all situations the gamma criteria. We have shown that a-Si EPIDs can be accurately calibrated for transit dosimetry purposes. PMID:17985633

  11. De la réappropriation de la psychologie en Asie du Sud-Est

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didier Bertrand

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available De la ou des psychologies Dans nombre de pays d’Asie du Sud-Est, la psychologie a été récemment introduite dans l’enseignement universitaire, les recherches sont rares et la pratique de la psychologie dans ses diverses applications encore balbutiante, voire inexistante. Lexique et concepts de la psychologie sont totalement importés dans les langues asiatiques, ils supposent un long et délicat travail de traduction qui ne s’opère que dans un sens seulement comme importation de nouveaux champs ...

  12. Critical transient in the Barab\\'asi model of human dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Gabrielli, A; Caldarelli, Guido; Gabrielli, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    We introduce an exact probabilistic description for L=2 of the Barab\\'asi model for the dynamics of a list of L tasks. This permits to study the problem out of stationarity, and to solve explicitly the extremal limit case where a critical behavior for the waiting time distribution is observed. This behavior deviates at any finite time from that of the stationary state. We study also the characteristic relaxation time for finite time deviations from stationarity in all cases showing that it diverges in the extremal limit confirming that this deviations are important at all time.

  13. Dîmes de Sicile, d’Asie et d’ailleurs

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolet, Claude

    2015-01-01

    Une part considérable de la fiscalité provinciale romaine, sous la République comme sous le Haut-Empire, consistait en impôts fonciers directs sur les produits du sol : céréales, productions “mineures”, produits des cultures arbustives. On étudie ici, à partir de deux cas bien documentés, la Sicile et l’Asie, quelles conséquences pouvaient avoir sur l’utilisation des impôts et en particulier sur le ravitaillement de Rome ou des grandes villes provinciales, les différents modes de perception, ...

  14. Comparison between ASI, CNES and JAXA CCD analysis software for optical space debris monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paolillo, Fabrizio; Laas-Bourez, Myrtille; Yanagisawa, Toshifumi; Cappelletti, Chantal; Graziani, Filippo; Vidal, Bruno

    Since nineties Italian Space Agency (ASI), Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales CNES and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) play an important role in Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) activities. Respectively the Group of Astrodynamics of Uni-versity Sapienza of Rome (GAUSS), TAROT team (Télescope a Action Rapide pour les Objets Transitoires) and Institute of Aerospace Technology (IAT), participate in optical space debris monitoring activities (WG1 at IADC ) with the following facilities: 1. SpaDE observatory of ASI/GAUSS in Collepardo (Fr.), country-regionplaceItaly. 2. TAROT observatories of CNES: one in Chili (ESO LA Silla) and one in placecountry-regionFrance (Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, at Calern). 3. Nyukasayama Observatory of IAT/JAXA, country-regionplaceJapan. Due to the large amount of data collected during the IADC coordinated observation campaigns and the autonomous campaigns, these research groups developed three different software for image processing automation and for the correlation of the detected objects with the catalogue. Using these software the three different observatories are improving the knowledge of the space debris population, in particular in the so-called geostationary belt (AI23.4 IADC International 2007 optical observation campaigns in higher Earth orbits and AI23.2 Investigation of high A/m ratio debris in higher Earth orbits), but they use different space debris monitoring techniques. With the aim to improve CCD analysis capabilities of each research group, during the 27th IADC meeting ASI, CNES and JAXA started a cooperation in this field on the comparison between the image processing software. The objectives of this activity are: 1. Test of ASI, CNES and JAXA CCD analysis software on real images taken in the 3 dif-ferent observation strategies (each observatory uses a particular objects extraction pro-cedure). 2. Results comparison: number of bad detection, number of good detection, processing

  15. Freestanding a-Si Thin Film Transistor for Room-Temperature Infrared Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Liang; YUE Rui-Feng; LIU Li-Tian; ZHANG Wan-Jie

    2004-01-01

    @@ We present the fabrication and characterization of a novel uncooled infrared sensor for room-temperature infrared imaging. The sensitive element of the sensor is a freestanding amorphous silicon thin film transistor (a-Si TFT)with the temperature coefficient of the drain current (TCC) of 0.015-0.08/K. The TCC value is sensitive to the ambient temperature and can be controlled by the gate voltage of the a-Si TFT. The complete procedures based on the porous silicon micromachining technique for fabricating thermally isolated air bridges are described. The isolation structures have a thermal conductance of 5 × 10-6 W/K and a thermal capacitance of 4.9 × 10-8 J/K.The effects of the gate voltage on the performance figures such as responsivity, noise voltage and detectivity are described and analysed in detail. The maximum detectivity reaches 4.33 × 108 cmHz1/2W-1 at a chopping frequency of 27Hz and a gate voltage of-15 V.

  16. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piermattei, A.; Cilla, S.; Azario, L.; Greco, F.; Russo, M.; Grusio, M.; Orlandini, L.; Fidanzio, A.

    2015-10-01

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and PγFisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC).

  17. Los Alamos flux comperssion systems, ASI focus area I program plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goforth, James H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Heger, Sharif [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-12-14

    This document is a final summary of an original plan submitted as LA-UR 10-06693. There are minor revisions, some new items have been completed, and there is a statement of some funding shortfalls. Program plan focuses on using Ranchero Technology for the ASI 43 cm Ranchero generators are being fabricated to provide a small scale load and diagnostics test capability at Los Alamos - LLNL loads and Los Alamos multi-shell loads. 43 cm Ranchero tests continue as long as they are useful. 1 or 1.4 m Ranchero tests follow in the out years - Multi-shell loads have identified needs for full length generators and one 1.4 m generator is on hand. Both LLNL and Los Alamos loads will require larger current capability, and Ranchero will be scaled up in diameter when full scale current is defined. Increased scale tests expected in FY-12. The bulk of the Los Alamos Effort will be directed toward two thrusts: (1) Perform tests for LLNL load development and (2) explore multi-shell loads. ASC program assesses development against ASI results then provides new designs.

  18. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piermattei, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Cilla, S. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); U.O. di Fisica Sanitaria, Fondazione per la Ricerca e Cura ‘Giovanni Paolo II’, 86100 Campobasso (Italy); Azario, L.; Greco, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Russo, M. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); U.O. di Fisica Sanitaria, Ospedale Belcolle, 01100 Viterbo (Italy); Grusio, M. [Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy); Orlandini, L. [U.O. di Fisica Medica, Centro Oncologico Fiorentino, 50121 Firenze (Italy); Fidanzio, A., E-mail: andrea.fidanzio@rm.unicatt.it [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Roma Tre, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto di Fisica e U.O.C. di Fisica Sanitaria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, 00168 Roma (Italy)

    2015-10-01

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and P{sub γ<1}≥90% of the checked points for the 2D portal image γ-analysis. This work is the result of a project supported by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC)

  19. Posición de los araucanos en un contexto asiático-europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pucciarelli, Héctor Mario

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se acepta que el denominado substrato amerindio -que incluye a la mayoría de las poblaciones americanas actuales e históricas- incursionó en dirección norte-sur, desde el noreste asiático, pasando por el estrecho de Bering y el rosario de las Aleutianas. Según este modelo, las poblaciones amerindias poseen un ancestro básico de tipo mongoloide, con diferenciaciones secundarias originadas por procesos microevolutivos locales. Toda comparación basada en distancias o en componentes funcionales, debería entonces sostener la hipótesis: "las distribuciones amerindias se deben aproximar en mayor grado a las de las poblaciones asiáticas y en menor grado a las de las poblaciones europeas". Por componer los araucanos una distribución tipicamente amerindia, debe esperarse entonces que presenten mayor similitud morfológica con grupos asiáticos mongolizados y secundariamente, afinidades con grupos de extracción no mongoloide, dadas estas últimas por procesos evolutivos de adaptación o mestizaje. El objeto del presente trabajo es determinar si a nivel craneofacial se cumple el modelo propuesto a través de la metodología craneofuncional. Se procedió a medir los componentes funcionales anteroneural, mesoneural, posteroneural, ótico, óptico, respiratorio, masticatorio y alveolar en 48 cráneos provenientes de muestras japonesa, francesa y araucana. Se observó que: (alas elipses de distribución producidas por el análisis canónico ubicaron a los araucanos en una posición casi equidistante entre japoneses y europeos; (blos componentes funcionales discriminados por el análisis univariado fueron tres para la comparación europeo-japonesa (óptico, masticatorio y alveolar, los mismos tres para la comparación araucano-japonesa (pero con sentido inverso y sólo el efecto tamaño del componente facial para la comparación araucano-europea. Con estos resultados se rechaza la hipótesis planteada y se sugiere que, además de los factores

  20. Addictive severity in cocaine addicts measured with the EuropASI: differences between composite scores and severity ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Hervás, Emilio; Secades-Villa, Roberto; José Santonja Gómez, Francisco; Zacarés Romaguera, Francisco; García-Rodríguez, Olaya

    2009-01-01

    In this study we present the addiction severity profile in a sample of 202 cocaine addicts, using the composite scores for each area of the EuropASI (European version of the ASI), which are compared with the severity ratings obtained through interviewers' subjective assessments. The results showed that the areas of the EuropASI which reflected the greatest severity according to the composite scores were, in the following order: employment/support, family/social situation, use of alcohol and psychiatric state. The results obtained with the composite scores show discrepancies with those obtained from the severity rating. Statistically significant differences were found in the areas of alcohol (Z = -6.205; p composite scores, since severity ratings depend totally on the interviewer's judgement, and do not appear to constitute a sound measure for estimating therapeutic change.

  1. PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY IN a-Si : H AND a-SixC1-x : H, CORRELATION WITH PHOTOLUMINESCENCE RESULTS

    OpenAIRE

    Caffier, D.; Le Contellec, M.; Richard, J.

    1981-01-01

    Photoconductivity and photoluminescence of a-Si : H and a-SixC1-x : H films prepared by glow discharge or R.F sputtering have been studied. For a-Si : H sputtered films, the photoconductivity is greatly increased with R.F power, substrate temperature and can be compared to values obtained for glow discharge films. The addition of a low carbon content (< 10 %) does not affect the photoconductivity but a higher content greatly decreases it. In conclusion, we deduced that the existence of a high...

  2. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: investigating the symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    CERN Document Server

    Russotto, P; De Filippo, E; Févre, A Le; Gannon, S; Gašparić, I; Kiš, M; Kupny, S; Leifels, Y; Lemmon, R C; Łukasik, J; Marini, P; Pagano, A; Pawłowski, P; Santoro, S; Trautmann, W; Veselsky, M; Acosta, L; Adamczyk, M; Al-Ajlan, A; Al-Garawi, M; Al-Homaidhi, S; Amorini, F; Auditore, L; Aumann, T; Ayyad, Y; Baran, V; Basrak, Z; Benlliure, J; Boiano, C; Boisjoli, M; Boretzky, K; Brzychczyk, J; Budzanowski, A; Cardella, G; Cammarata, P; Chajecki, Z; Chbihi, A; Colonna, M; Cozma, D; Czech, B; Di Toro, M; Famiano, M; Geraci, E; Greco, V; Grassi, L; Guazzoni, C; Guazzoni, P; Heil, M; Heilborn, L; Introzzi, R; Isobe, T; Kezzar, K; Krasznahorkay, A; Kurz, N; La Guidara, E; Lanzalone, G; Lasko, P; Li, Q; Lombardo, I; Lynch, W G; Matthews, Z; May, L; Minniti, T; Mostazo, M; Papa, M; Pirrone, S; Politi, G; Porto, F; Reifarth, R; Reisdorf, W; Riccio, F; Rizzo, F; Rosato, E; Rossi, D; Simon, H; Skwirczynska, I; Sosin, Z; Stuhl, L; Trifiró, A; Trimarchi, M; Tsang, M B; Verde, G; Vigilante, M; Wieloch, A; Wigg, P; Wolter, H H; Wu, P; Yennello, S; Zambon, P; Zetta, L; Zoric, M

    2012-01-01

    The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons in reactions of neutron rich heavy-ions systems at intermediate energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term in the nuclear Equation Of State (EOS) at supra-saturation densities. The recent results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for $^{197}$Au+$^{197}$Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model allowed a first estimate of the symmetry term of the EOS but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration in May 2011.

  3. GenASiS Basics: Object-oriented utilitarian functionality for large-scale physics simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Cardall, Christian Y

    2015-01-01

    Aside from numerical algorithms and problem setup, large-scale physics simulations on distributed-memory supercomputers require more basic utilitarian functionality, such as physical units and constants; display to the screen or standard output device; message passing; I/O to disk; and runtime parameter management and usage statistics. Here we describe and make available Fortran 2003 classes furnishing extensible object-oriented implementations of this sort of rudimentary functionality, along with individual `unit test' programs and larger example problems demonstrating their use. These classes compose the Basics division of our developing astrophysics simulation code GenASiS (General Astrophysical Simulation System), but their fundamental nature makes them useful for physics simulations in many fields.

  4. The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schofield, J. T.; Barnes, J. R.; Crisp, D.; Haberle, R. M.; Larsen, S.; Magalhaes, J. A.; Murphy, J. R.; Seiff, A.; Wilson, G.

    1997-01-01

    The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment measured the vertical density, pressure, and temperature structure of the martian atmosphere from the surface to 160 km, and monitored surface meteorology and climate for 83 sols (1 sol = 1 martian day = 24.7 hours). The atmospheric structure and the weather record are similar to those observed by the Viking 1 lander (VL-1) at the same latitude, altitude, and season 21 years ago, but there are differences related to diurnal effects and the surface properties of the landing site. These include a cold nighttime upper atmosphere; atmospheric temperatures that are 10 to 12 degrees kelvin warmer near the surface; light slope-controlled winds; and dust devils, identified by their pressure, wind, and temperature signatures. The results are consistent with the warm, moderately dusty atmosphere seen by VL-1.

  5. Le gouvernement international des frontières d’Asie centrale (Volumes 1 & 2)

    OpenAIRE

    Bigo, Didier; Martin-Maze, Médéric

    2013-01-01

    Le gouvernement international des frontières d’Asie centrale (Kirghizstan, Tadjikistan, Ouzbékistan, Kazakhstan, Turkménistan) comprend les projets de gestion des frontières conduits par l’OSCE, la Commission européenne, l’ONUDC et l’OIM entre 1992 et 2012. Ils organisent l’import/export d’une expertise alignant les limites étatiques dans cette région sur un double impératif de mobilité et de sécurité. Comment ces savoirs sur la frontière circulent-ils à travers ces dernières ? Les projets p...

  6. Gestion de l'indépendance et legs soviétique en Asie centrale

    OpenAIRE

    Abašin, Sergej; Allouche, Jérémy; Baubion, Charles; Bourgeot, André; Gossiaux, Jean-François; Hohmann, Sophie; Jacquesson, Svetlana; Jozan, Raphaël; Laruelle, Marlène; Mansurov, Ulugbek; Moscaritolo, Alice; Ohayon, Isabelle; Boris PÉTRIC; Peyrouse, Sébastien; Poujol, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    Dans chacun des États indépendants d’Asie centrale nés de la disparition de l’Union soviétique en 1991, le nouveau discours officiel s’emploie, à des degrés divers, à condamner le régime précédent. Pourtant, les tonitruantes déclarations de changement et de renouveau, tout comme les discours sur l’élaboration d’une voie nationale spécifique de développement, ne doivent pas faire illusion. Si un certain nombre de réformes ont été engagées, la décennie et demie maintenant écoulée est de toute é...

  7. Asie du Sud : les amateurs-experts de la violence collective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gayer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Plus meurtriers que toutes les guerres interétatiques du passé, les conflits intraétatiques de l’Asie du Sud ont renforcé la polarisation sociale, ethnique et religieuse de l’ensemble des pays de la région, tout en alimentant la « milicianisation » de ses sociétés. Dans ce contexte, les opportunités de carrières violentes se sont multipliées pour les jeunes aspirants à la mobilité sociale. Ces carrières miliciennes impliquent cependant un parcours souvent fastidieux de professionnalisation. De surcroît, les résultats ne sont pas toujours – et en fait rarement – à la hauteur des attentes. La guerre irrégulière (repaie bien mal ses petites mains.

  8. The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schofield, J.T.; Barnes, J.R.; Crisp, D.;

    1997-01-01

    The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment measured the vertical density, pressure, and temperature structure of the martian atmosphere from the surface to 160 km, and monitored surface meteorology and climate for 83 sols (1 sol = 1 martian day = 24...... nighttime upper atmosphere; atmospheric temperatures that are 10 to 12 degrees kelvin warmer near the surface; light slope-controlled winds; and dust devils, identified by their pressure, wind, and temperature signatures. The results are consistent with the warm, moderately dusty atmosphere seen by VL-1........7 hours). The atmospheric structure and the weather record are similar to those observed by the Viking 1 lander (VL-1) at the same latitude, altitude, and season 21 years ago, but there are differences related to diurnal effects and the surface properties of the landing site. These include a cold...

  9. Boron Concentration Measurements at the I/P Interface in Nip a-Si Solar Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aken, Van; Duchamp, Martial; Boothroyd, Chris;

    2011-01-01

    The p-type Si layer in n-i-p a-Si and μc-Si solar cells on foil has several important requirements with respect to conductivity and optical transmission. We control the optical band gap and activation energy of p-a-SiC by varying the B2H6 and CH4 flows in the process chamber. Modelling shows...... that the optimum efficiency in n-i-p solar cells is obtained when the p-a-SiC band gap is just above the band gap of the absorber layer. We have assessed the potential of core-loss electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) for detecting B and C and of low-loss EELS, in a spatially resolved manner, as probe of local...

  10. The Very High Energy source catalog at the ASI Science Data Center

    CERN Document Server

    Carosi, Alessandro; Antonelli, Lucio Angelo; Giommi, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    The increasing number of Very High Energy (VHE) sources discovered by the current generation of Cherenkov telescopes made particularly relevant the creation of a dedicated source catalogs as well as the cross-correlation of VHE and lower energy bands data in a multi-wavelength framework. The "TeGeV Catalog" hosted at the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC) is a catalog of VHE sources detected by ground-based Cherenkov detectors. The TeGeVcat collects all the relevant information publicly available about the observed GeV/TeV sources. The catalog contains also information about public light curves while the available spectral data are included in the ASDC SED Builder tool directly accessible from the TeGeV catalog web page. In this contribution we will report a comprehensive description of the catalog and the related tools.

  11. Introduction au dossier « L’Asie centrale »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Cariou

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Avec les bouleversements géopolitiques qui affectent le continent asiatique depuis deux décennies l’Asie centrale n’est plus tout à fait cet espace géographique incertain écarté de la communauté internationale, voire même oublié des atlas dont les cartes étaient généralement centrées sur les territoires voisins plus lisibles et médiatiques du Moyen-Orient, de l’Inde, de la Chine ou de la Russie. Constituée par les cinq ex-républiques socialistes soviétiques du Kazakhstan, du Kirghizstan, de l...

  12. Fresh New Air in Space? `MoMa' on the A.S.I. Launch Pad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambesi Impiombato, Francesco Saverio; Curcio, Francesco; Meli, Antonella; Zambito, Anna Maria

    2006-12-01

    The present project has been developed because of the desire to unify the research lines in the A.S.I. ‘Medicine & Biotechnology’ area into one research line that could satisfy the interests of all of the collaborative groups and at the same time could pursue a relevant social goal. A 6 month feasibility study (SF) called MoMa was carried out in the ASI framework. During the SF the know-how and the tools already available in the national scientific community have been assessed, selected and evaluated even with the important contribution of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SME) and of Italian industries already involved in Space Research. As result of the SF MoMa, all of the participants decided to combine all the efforts together and define, with all the know-how and the available technologies, one strategic topic, the “Aging” with a special attention to the Quality of Life (QoL). The space environment is a unique laboratory to study the reaction of living organisms (especially humans) to microgravity and cosmic radiation. The study of the effects of these two variables at the molecular and cellular levels will shed light on the response of cells and living organisms to adverse stimulations that are always present even on Earth and will help us able to develop the best strategies to protect the organisms from the progressive structural and functional decline related to Aging. Relevant spin-offs on Earth and also relevant industrial applications are the expected outputs of this project.

  13. ASI/CGS products and services in support of GNSS-meteorology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacione, Rosa; Pace, Brigida; Bianco, Giuseppe

    2013-04-01

    For more than a decade, ASI/CGS has supported ground-based GNSS meteorology in Europe participating in various projects such as MAGIC, COST-716, TOUGH, E-GVAP (phase I and II) and providing Zenith Tropospheric path Delays (ZTD) derived from a European network of GNSS stations covering mainly the central Mediterranean area. Working in close cooperation with the meteorological community, GNSS data are analyzed in order to provide ZTD with different latencies ranging from post-processing, useful for climate studies, to near-real time, for hourly assimilation into Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model. However advancements in NWP models (such as the Met Office UKV 1.5km model) with rapid update cycles require observations with improved timeliness and with greater spatial and temporal resolution than is currently available. To fulfil this requirement a sub-hourly PPP processing has been set-up, and is under evaluation, thanks to the availability of the IGS RT orbit and clock corrections. Moreover ZTD estimates are the input data for developing new and enhanced products: ZTD residuals fields and Integrated Water Vapour (IWV) maps. The former will be helpful in augmenting empirical tropospheric models for positioning applications. The latter are useful for nowcasting and severe weather monitoring since they let to follow IWV time evolution. We present an overview of the developed products and services; the new directions in support of NWP applications and the nowcasting and forecasting of severe weather events that emerge within E-GVAP phase III and the EU COST Action "Advanced Global Navigation Satellite Systems tropospheric products for monitoring Severe Weather Events and Climate" (GNSS4SWEC). Acknowledgements. This work has been carried out under ASI contract I-014-10-0.

  14. Enhanced Crystal Quality of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y for Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Zederbauer

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This work provides a detailed study on the growth of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y lattice-matched to InAs by Molecular Beam Epitaxy. In order to find the conditions which lead to high crystal quality deep within the miscibility gap, AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y with x = 0.462 was grown at different growth temperatures as well as As2 and Sb2 beam equivalent pressures. The crystal quality of the grown layers was examined by high-resolution X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. It was found that the incorporation of Sb into Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y is strongly temperature-dependent and reduced growth temperatures are necessary in order to achieve significant Sb mole fractions in the grown layers. At 480 ∘ C lattice matching to InAs could not be achieved. At 410 ∘ C lattice matching was possible and high quality films of Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y were obtained.

  15. Kuidas meeldib välismaalastele Eestis [õppida]? / Shazia Javed, Charina de Asis, Adam Luke Vern-Barnett, Predrag Tasevski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid välisüliõpilased: rahvusvahelisi suhteid õppiv Charina de Asis Filipiinidelt, magistriõppes rahvusvahelist õigust õppiv Adam Luke Vern-Barnett Austraaliast, küberkaitset õppiv Predrag Tasevski Makedooniast ja tarkvara arendust õppiv Shazia Javed Pakistanist

  16. Charactrization of a Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si photovoltaic system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamid Vishkasougheh, Mehdi; Tunaboylu, Bahadir

    2014-11-01

    The number of photovoltaic (PV) system installations is increasing rapidly. As more people learn about this versatile and often cost-effective power option, this trend will accelerate. This document presents a recommended design for a battery based stand-alone photovoltaic system (BSPV). BSPV system has the ability to be applied in different areas, including warning signals, lighting, refrigeration, communication, residential water pumping, remote sensing, and cathodic protection. The presented calculation method gives a proper idea for a system sizing technique. Based on application load, different scenarios are possible for designing a BSPV system. In this study, a battery based stand-alone system was designed. The electricity generation part is three a-Si panels, which are connected in parallel, and for the storage part LFP (lithium iron phosphate) battery was used. The high power LFP battery packs are 40 cells each 8S5P (configured 8 series 5 parallel). Each individual pack weighs 0.5 kg and is 25.6 V. In order to evaluate the efficiency of a-Si panels with respect to the temperature and the solar irradiation, cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Adana in Turkey were selected. Temperature and solar irradiation were gathered from reliable sources and by using translation equations, current and voltage output of panels were calculated. As a result of these calculations, current and energy outputs were computed by considering an average efficient solar irradiation time value per day in Turkey. The calculated power values were inserted to a battery cycler system, and the behavior of high power LFP batteries in a time sequence of 7.2 h was evaluated. The charging and discharging cycles were obtained and their behavior was discussed. According to the results, Istanbul has the lowest number of peak month's energy, it followed by Ankara, and ultimately Adana has the highest number of peak months and energy storage. It was observed during the tests that values up to 4 A was

  17. High efficiency thin film CdTe and a-Si based solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G.

    2000-01-04

    This report describes work done by the University of Toledo during the first year of this subcontract. During this time, the CdTe group constructed a second dual magnetron sputter deposition facility; optimized reactive sputtering for ZnTe:N films to achieve 10 ohm-cm resistivity and {approximately}9% efficiency cells with a copper-free ZnTe:N/Ni contact; identified Cu-related photoluminescence features and studied their correlation with cell performance including their dependence on temperature and E-fields; studied band-tail absorption in CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1{minus}x} films at 10 K and 300 K; collaborated with the National CdTe PV Team on (1) studies of high-resistivity tin oxide (HRT) layers from ITN Energy Systems, (2) fabrication of cells on the HRT layers with 0, 300, and 800-nm CdS, and (3) preparation of ZnTe:N-based contacts on First Solar materials for stress testing; and collaborated with Brooklyn College for ellipsometry studies of CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1{minus}x} alloy films, and with the University of Buffalo/Brookhaven NSLS for synchrotron X-ray fluorescence studies of interdiffusion in CdS/CdTe bilayers. The a-Si group established a baseline for fabricating a-Si-based solar cells with single, tandem, and triple-junction structures; fabricated a-Si/a-SiGe/a-SiGe triple-junction solar cells with an initial efficiency of 9.7% during the second quarter, and 10.6% during the fourth quarter (after 1166 hours of light-soaking under 1-sun light intensity at 50 C, the 10.6% solar cells stabilized at about 9%); fabricated wide-bandgap a-Si top cells, the highest Voc achieved for the single-junction top cell was 1.02 V, and top cells with high FF (up to 74%) were fabricated routinely; fabricated high-quality narrow-bandgap a-SiGe solar cells with 8.3% efficiency; found that bandgap-graded buffer layers improve the performance (Voc and FF) of the narrow-bandgap a-SiGe bottom cells; and found that a small amount of oxygen partial pressure ({approximately}2 {times} 10

  18. Coastal vulnerability assessment of Assateague Island National Seashore (ASIS) to sea-level rise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendleton, Elizabeth A.; Williams, S. Jeffress; Thieler, E. Robert

    2004-01-01

    A coastal vulnerability index (CVI, http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1020/html/cvi.htm) was used to map relative vulnerability of the coast to future sea-level rise within Assateague Island National Seashore (ASIS) in Maryland and Virginia. The CVI ranks the following in terms of their physical contribution to sea-level rise-related coastal change: geomorphology, regional coastal slope, rate of relative sea-level rise, shoreline change rates, mean tidal range and mean wave height. Rankings for each variable were combined and an index value calculated for 1-minute grid cells covering the park. The CVI highlights those regions where the physical effects of sea-level rise might be the greatest. This approach combines the coastal system's susceptibility to change with its natural ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions, yielding a quantitative, although relative, measure of the park's natural vulnerability to the effects of sea-level rise. The CVI provides an objective technique for evaluation and long-term planning by scientists and park managers. Assateague Island consists of stable and washover dominated portions of barrier beach backed by wetland and marsh. The areas within Assateague that are likely to be most vulnerable to sea-level rise are those with the highest occurrence of overwash and the highest rates of shoreline change.

  19. Accelerating Our Understanding of Supernova Explosion Mechanism via Simulations and Visualizations with GenASiS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budiardja, R. D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Cardall, Christian Y [ORNL; Endeve, Eirik [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    Core-collapse supernovae are among the most powerful explosions in the Universe, releasing about 1053 erg of energy on timescales of a few tens of seconds. These explosion events are also responsible for the production and dissemination of most of the heavy elements, making life as we know it possible. Yet exactly how they work is still unresolved. One reason for this is the sheer complexity and cost of a self-consistent, multi-physics, and multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulation, which is impractical, and often impossible, even on the largest supercomputers we have available today. To advance our understanding we instead must often use simplified models, teasing out the most important ingredients for successful explosions, while helping us to interpret results from higher fidelity multi-physics models. In this paper we investigate the role of instabilities in the core-collapse supernova environment. We present here simulation and visualization results produced by our code GenASiS.

  20. Determination of Outdoor Furniture on Coastline Recreation Area of Asi River (Antakya District and User Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Bozdoğan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Water surfaces which have significant importance for the acquisition of a city identity are the facts that lead the development of city, allow recreational activities and create visual and psychological effects on urban residents. This study has been conducted on Asi River coastline as it’s an important zone for Antakya city identity, divides new and old settlement areas and provides various recreational activities. The study conducted within 3 stages between April-July 2012. In the first stage of the study, amount and construction materials of existing outdoor furnitures were revealed. The second stage consists of questionnaire including details about user and usage with questions to determine the user satisfaction. According to the findings, the highest level of user satisfaction was found in bridges by all parameters and the lowest satisfaction level was found in sign/information boards by aesthetic and functional features and waste bins by amount. In this scope, the necessity of integration between city history and cultural values was found to be important so as to increase user satisfaction level from outdoor furniture. In addition, it is thought that this study will contribute to create a database for local governments.

  1. Accelerating Our Understanding of Supernova Explosion Mechanism via Simulations and Visualizations with GenASiS

    CERN Document Server

    Budiardja, Reuben D; Endeve, Eirik

    2015-01-01

    Core-collapse supernovae are among the most powerful explosions in the Universe, releasing about $10^{53}~\\mbox{erg}$ of energy on timescales of a few tens of seconds. These explosion events are also responsible for the production and dissemination of most of the heavy elements, making life as we know it possible. Yet exactly how they work is still unresolved. One reason for this is the sheer complexity and cost of a self-consistent, multi-physics, and multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulation, which is impractical, and often impossible, even on the largest supercomputers we have available today. To advance our understanding we instead must often use simplified models, teasing out the most important ingredients for successful explosions, while helping us to interpret results from higher fidelity multi-physics models. In this paper we investigate the role of instabilities in the core-collapse supernova environment. We present here simulation and visualization results produced by our code GenASiS.

  2. Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gédéon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais se livre à une analyse précise de la situation en Asie du sud-est au regard de la crise économique qui a secoué cette région du monde en 1997 et de ses conséquences. Soulignant la fragmentation de cet espace politique, caractérisé par sa très grande diversité culturelle et linguistique, l’auteur rappelle qu’il s’est édifié sur l’ancienne ligne de fracture entre monde chinois et puissances européennes, tout d’abord, puis...

  3. Dosimetry in radiotherapy using a-Si EPIDs: Systems, methods, and applications focusing on 3D patient dose estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCurdy, B. M. C.

    2013-06-01

    An overview is provided of the use of amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) for dosimetric purposes in radiation therapy, focusing on 3D patient dose estimation. EPIDs were originally developed to provide on-treatment radiological imaging to assist with patient setup, but there has also been a natural interest in using them as dosimeters since they use the megavoltage therapy beam to form images. The current generation of clinically available EPID technology, amorphous-silicon (a-Si) flat panel imagers, possess many characteristics that make them much better suited to dosimetric applications than earlier EPID technologies. Features such as linearity with dose/dose rate, high spatial resolution, realtime capability, minimal optical glare, and digital operation combine with the convenience of a compact, retractable detector system directly mounted on the linear accelerator to provide a system that is well-suited to dosimetric applications. This review will discuss clinically available a-Si EPID systems, highlighting dosimetric characteristics and remaining limitations. Methods for using EPIDs in dosimetry applications will be discussed. Dosimetric applications using a-Si EPIDs to estimate three-dimensional dose in the patient during treatment will be overviewed. Clinics throughout the world are implementing increasingly complex treatments such as dynamic intensity modulated radiation therapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy, as well as specialized treatment techniques using large doses per fraction and short treatment courses (ie. hypofractionation and stereotactic radiosurgery). These factors drive the continued strong interest in using EPIDs as dosimeters for patient treatment verification.

  4. Analyses of phenotype and ARGOS and ASY1 expression in a ploidy Chinese cabbage series derived from one haploid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Ai Xia; Zhao, Jian Jun; Li, Li Min; Wang, Yan Hua; Zhao, Yu Jing; Hua, Fan; Xu, Yuan Chao; Shen, Shu Xing

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this research was to improve our understanding of how ploidy level influences phenotype and gene expression in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis). Haploid plants (2n = 10) was induced by 0.2% colchicine to produce diploid (2n = 20) and tetraploid plants (2n = 40). The aneuploid (2n = 24) was also obtained by hybridization between diploid plants as the female and tetraploid plants. The ploidy levels of all plants were identified through chromosome counts and flow cytometry. Leaves and petals became larger as the ploidy level increased from haploid to diploid, and from aneuploid to tetraploid. Similarly, expression of ARGOS was regulated by genome size, increasing in parallel with the level of ploidy. Among the four ploidy types, expression was stronger in the floral buds than in the leaves. Expression by ASY1 also differed according to ploidy level, being highest in diploid plants, followed in order by tetraploids. Expression was similar between haploids and aneuploids at two stages-prior to and after meiosis-but was higher in the haploids during meiosis. When buds were compared within the same ploidy type at different stages, ASY1 expression was obviously higher during meiosis than either before or after. Our study demonstrated the generation and phenotype of a ploidy Chinese cabbage series derived from one haploid. Expression of genes ARGOS and ASY1 were modulated by genome size in this ploidy series, and the regulated patterns of the two genes was different. PMID:27162487

  5. AS-i Steri tehas alustab tööd juba lähipäevil / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Keskkonnaminister Jaanus Tamkivi andis AS-ile Steri kiirgustegevusloa. Samas otsustas minister edasi kaevata AS Steri omanike kasuks tehtud Tallinna halduskohtu otsuse. Lisa: Steriliseerimine AS-i Steri tehases

  6. Hubungan Status Gizi Bayi dengan Pemberian ASI Ekslusif, Tingkat Pendidikan Ibu dan Status Ekonomi Keluarga di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir

    OpenAIRE

    Aisyah Nilakesuma; Yusri Dianne Jurnalis; Selfi Renita Rusjdi

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakStatus gizi merupakan salah satu tolak ukur untuk menilai perkembangan kesehatan bayi. Banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi status gizi seorang bayi, diantaranya pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat hubungan antara status gizi bayi dengan pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Telah dilakukan penelitian Cross Sectional Analytic di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir....

  7. The control of the film stress of Cat-CVD a-Si films and its impact on explosive crystallization induced by flash lamp annealing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Catalytic chemical vapor deposition (Cat-CVD) can produce amorphous silicon (a-Si) films with low film stress, in general, compared to plasma-enhanced CVD, and is thus suited for the preparation of precursor a-Si films for thick poly-Si films applied for solar cells. The stress of a-Si films is known to sometimes play an important role for the crystallization of a-Si films and resulting grain size of polycrystalline Si (poly-Si) films formed. I investigate the impact of the stress of Cat-CVD a-Si films on the mechanism of explosive crystallization (EC) induced by flash lamp annealing (FLA). The stress of Cat-CVD a-Si films can be controlled by changing the temperatures of substrates and/or a catalyzing wire during film deposition. Cat-CVD a-Si films with tensile stress (~ 200 MPa) can be deposited as well as films with compressive stress. The enlargement of grain size is observed in a part of flash-lamp-crystallized (FLC) poly-Si films formed from Cat-CVD films with tensile stress compared to those with compressive stress, which might be an indication of a certain degree of impact of film stress on poly-Si formation. The grain size is, however, much smaller than that of FLC poly-Si films formed from electron-beam- (EB-) evaporated a-Si films with similar tensile stress. This fact may indicate the existence of other critical determinants of EC mechanism

  8. Verification of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J) as a Treatment-Customization, Prediction, and Comparison Tool for Alcohol-Dependent Individuals

    OpenAIRE

    Susumu Higuchi; Toru Ishikawa; Masanobu Murayama; Masaru Murakami; Mitsuru Hasegawa; Kenji Yanbe; Aro Ino; Aihide Yoshino; Yoshihiro Suzuki; Satoru Saito; Eiichi Senoo; Yasukazu Ogai; Ayako Haraguchi; Kazutaka Ikeda

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To demonstrate the usefulness of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J) in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals. The ASI is a frequently used clinical and research instrument that measures severities in seven functional domains in people with substance abuse disorders. Methods: A total of 370 male inpatients with a history of alcohol dependence participated in the study. Forty-nine participants were excluded in the final analysis due to lack of reliability (i.e., p...

  9. Managing the backscatter component from the robotic arm of an a-Si EPID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Backscatter from the robotic arm mechanism of an a-Si EPID in IMRT images was examined. Images corrected with a conventional flood field (FF) containing a backscatter component (BSC) from the robotic ann were compared with a BSC-free FF. A Yarian 21 EX linac (6 MV, 18 MV) was used. All images were acquired with two aS500 EPIDs, one R-arm and one E-arm. The BSC of an EPID image is the ratio of an image acquired with the EPID attached to the arm then detaching the arm from the EPID and acquiring the same image. A range of square field sizes from 2.5 x 2.5 cm to 27.5 x 27.5 cm were acquired and the BSC analyzed. The BSC of the FFs were also measured. A series of IMRT fields were acquired. Each field was corrected with a conventional FF and compared with a BSC-free FF. Figure I shows the magnitude of the BSC from each arm in the inplane for a 6x beam. Square fields above 16 x l6 cm (R-arm) and lO x 10 cm (E-arm) benefited from a conventional FF as it tended to cancel out the BSC in the acquired square field. The opposite was observed for smaller field sizes. A gamma analysis of the IMRT fields showed a FF correction containing a BSC reduces the effect of the arm in the final image. IMRT EPID images using conventional FFs have been shown to be less affected by backscatter from the robotic arm compared to BSC-free flood fields. (author)

  10. Le boom du raffinage en Asie du Sud-Est Refinery Boom in Southeast Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gruson J. F.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le marché pétrolier connaît en Asie un développement rapide, principalement dans la zone non OCDE, qui représente aujourd'hui plus de 15 % de la consommation pétrolière mondiale. La croissance économique attendue dans ces pays devrait porter cette part à plus de 25 % d'ici 2010, soit une hausse de la demande de 5,4% par an, principalement dans le secteur des transports. Les investissements qui en découlent pour l'industrie du raffinage régionale sont très élevés (des évaluations les chiffrent à près de 140 milliards de dollars, d'autant plus que la protection de l'environnement commence à prendre une importance significative. Dès lors, le défit majeur de ces pays sera d'assurer les financements nécessaires pour augmenter la capacité de raffinage (un quasi-doublement et l'adapter au poids croissant de l'essence et des distillats moyens dans la demande. La participation d'opérateurs privés apparaît essentielle, mais dépendra fortement du redressement des marges de raffinage et de la réalité de l'ouverture des marchés pétroliers nationaux annoncée par les pouvoirs publics. The Asia demand for oil is increasing dramatically, particularly in the non OECD countries, which represent, today more than 15% of the word oil market. The expected economic growth in these areas should contribute to a rise in oil demand by about 5. 4 per year and hence to a significant increase of this share to 25% in 2010; virtually a large part of this evolution will come from the transportation sector. The proceeding investments of the regional, refining industry are very high (some evaluations come to around 140 billions of dollars, all the more the protection of the environment takes an increasing significant place. Accordingly the most important challenge to be taken up by these countries will be to mobilize long term fundings to develop and adapt the capabilities of the refineries to meet the growth of gasoline and gasoil demand. The

  11. Hepatotoxicity associated with the ingestion of Centella asiatica Hepatotoxicidad asociada al consumo de Centella asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Jorge

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: hepatotoxicity due to herbal remedies is being increasingly recognized. Centella asiatica (Centella asiatica Linn Urban is commercialized for multiple conditions. Its active principles are pentacyclic triterpenic saponosides (asiaticoside, madecassoside. Clinical case studies: we present three women (61, 52 and 49 years old who developed jaundice after taking Centella asiatica for 30, 20 and 60 days. Respective laboratory tests: ALT: 1193, 1694 and 324 U/L; ALP: 503, 472 and 484 U/L; bilirubin: 4.23, 19.89 and 3.9 mg/dl. The first patient also had ASMA 1/160 and AMA 1/320. Respective pathological diagnoses: granulomatous hepatitis with marked necrosis and apoptosis; chronic hepatitis with cirrhotic transformation and intense necroinflammatory activity, and granulomatous hepatitis. All patients improved with Centella asiatica discontinuation, and ursodeoxycholic acid 10 mg/kg/day. The first patient took Centella asiatica again, with recurrence of the damage. The second one had taken this herb a year before. Conclusions: many plants synthesize hepatotoxic compounds. Germander, Skullcap and Glycyrrhizin contain di- or triterpenic active principles, which can produce hepatic injury by promoting apoptosis and altering cell membranes. We hypothesize that these mechanisms may have resulted in injuries associated with Centella asiatica. The presence of autoantibodies and granulomas also favors an immune-mediated mechanism. Ursodeoxycholic acid has anti-apoptotic properties, but we cannot rule out that Centella asiatica discontinuation alone may have resulted in patient improvement.Introducción: la hepatotoxicidad por hierbas medicinales es reconocida cada vez más frecuentemente. Centella asiática (Centella asiatica Linn Urban es comercializada para múltiples afecciones. Sus principios activos son saponósidos pentacíclicos triterpénicos (asiaticósido, madecasósido. Casos clínicos: presentamos 3 mujeres (61, 52 y 49 años que

  12. Verification of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J as a Treatment-Customization, Prediction, and Comparison Tool for Alcohol-Dependent Individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susumu Higuchi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To demonstrate the usefulness of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals. The ASI is a frequently used clinical and research instrument that measures severities in seven functional domains in people with substance abuse disorders. Methods: A total of 370 male inpatients with a history of alcohol dependence participated in the study. Forty-nine participants were excluded in the final analysis due to lack of reliability (i.e., patient misrepresentation or inability to understand. We used the ASI-J and a series of indexes that determined patient states during and post-treatment. Results: The correlations between ASI Composite Scores (CSs, which were calculated through a weighted formula and indicated the severity of each problem area, were significant but low in eight relations and not significant in 13 relations, indicating substantial independence of the problem areas. Significant differences were found in Family/Social CSs between abstinent and relapsed alcohol-dependent individuals. The questions of undesirable attitude were significantly related to the CSs of Employment, Drug use, Family/Social, and Psychiatric sections. Significant differences were observed in patient demographics, CS, and ASI Severity Rating (SR and interviewer’s subjective scoring between alcohol-dependent individuals and drug abusers. CSs in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals were generally similar to corresponding CSs in individuals from other countries, with the exception of The Netherlands. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the ASI-J is useful for understanding individual profiles of problems for each patient and planning customized treatment. The ASI-J served as a predictive tool for relapse and compliance to treatment afterward and was shown to be useful as a comparison tool in clarifying similarities and differences between substance abuser groups.

  13. PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI ZINC SULFAT DAN BISKUIT TERHADAP KONSENTRASI ZINC RAMBUT BALITA (PROGRAM MP ASI BISKUIT DI KERTOSONO JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indah Budiastutik

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nganjuk was included in 7districts with highest malnutrition in East Java. Prevalence index of weight/age was 4.80%, height/age was 17.40% and weight/height was > 20% (Riskesdas, 2008. In 2009 malnourished under five children was 715. Objective of this research was analyzing the effect of zinc supplement and biscuit MP-ASI for the nutritional status and hair zinc concentration for under five children. Methods: conducted in the working area community health center Kertosono, Nganjuk regency, East Java. Sample of research was children 12-60 months who have Zinc hair concentration < 150 Jig/Kg that was divided into two groups. Total subject was 26 under five children that divided into two groups. One was treatment group who received biscuit MP-ASI and zinc syrup and the other was control group who received biscuit MP-ASI and placebo syrup. Each group was collected by simple random sampling. Results: There were significant differences of body weight in the treatment group and control group before and after research,using paired t-test (p = 0.000. There were significant differences of body height in the treatment group and control group before and after research, using paired t test (p = 0.000. There were significant differences of category hair zinc concentration in the treatment group before and after research with Me Nemar Test (p = 0.031. Conclusion: Supplementation can increase the body weight and body height both of two groups, but nutrition status in the treatment group increased  highly than in the control  group. Hair zinc concentration in the treatment group increased highly than in the control group.   Key words: Malnutrition, zinc sulfate, biscuit Complementary feeding, levels of hair zinc

  14. Damage production in low-energy Au and Si irradiation of a-Si: Influence of projectile mass

    CERN Document Server

    Koster, M

    2003-01-01

    Using molecular-dynamics computer simulation, we study the processes occurring in a-Si after irradiation with a projectile with energy E sub 0<=500 eV. By comparing Au and Si impact, we can study the effects of high and low deposited energy density. We find that damage production (creation of over- and under-coordinated Si atoms) and recoil implantation are strongly enhanced under Au impact. This effect can be traced back to the creation of an elastic collision spike for Au impact.

  15. Controle e progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja sob controle alternativo em campo

    OpenAIRE

    R.M. Mesquini; K.R.F. Schwan-Estrada; R.A. Vieira; J.F. Nascimento

    2011-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o controle e o progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja, causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi, sob manejo com tratamentos alternativos. Para isso, implementou-se um ensaio em delineamento de blocos completos com tratamentos ao acaso, com 4 repetições, em Itambé-PR, durante a safra 2007/2008. Os tratamentos alternativos foram: biomassa cítrica, extrato bruto e óleo essencial de Eucalyptus citriodora e grãos de kefir. Avaliou-se também o controle químic...

  16. La crisis asiática: sus impactos regionales, globales y en américa latina.

    OpenAIRE

    Estay Reyno, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    En el presente artículo, haremos un breve recuento de algunos de los procesos y de los debates que han estado vinculados a la crisis asiática, centrando la atención en los efectos de dicha crisis sobre las economías del Este de Asia y sobre el conjunto de la economía mundial, para terminar revisando su impacto presente y previsible en las economías latinoamericanas y algunas de las interrogantes que de todo ello se desprenden.

  17. Absorption enhancement in thin film a-Si solar cells with double-sided SiO2 particle layers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈乐; 王庆康; 沈向前; 陈文; 黄堃; 刘代明

    2015-01-01

    Light absorption enhancement is very important for improving the power conversion efficiency of a thin film a-Si solar cell. In this paper, a thin-film a-Si solar cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers is designed, and then the underlying mechanism of absorption enhancement is investigated by finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation;finally the feasible experimental scheme for preparing the SiO2 particle layer is discussed. It is found that the top and bottom SiO2 particle layers play an important role in anti-reflection and light trapping, respectively. The light absorption of the cell with double-sided SiO2 layers greatly increases in a wavelength range of 300 nm–800 nm, and the ultimate efficiency increases more than 22%compared with that of the flat device. The cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers reported here can be used in varieties of thin film solar cells to further improve their performances.

  18. Absorption enhancement in thin film a-Si solar cells with double-sided SiO2 particle layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Le; Wang, Qing-Kang; Shen, Xiang-Qian; Chen, Wen; Huang, Kun; Liu, Dai-Ming

    2015-10-01

    Light absorption enhancement is very important for improving the power conversion efficiency of a thin film a-Si solar cell. In this paper, a thin-film a-Si solar cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers is designed, and then the underlying mechanism of absorption enhancement is investigated by finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation; finally the feasible experimental scheme for preparing the SiO2 particle layer is discussed. It is found that the top and bottom SiO2 particle layers play an important role in anti-reflection and light trapping, respectively. The light absorption of the cell with double-sided SiO2 layers greatly increases in a wavelength range of 300 nm-800 nm, and the ultimate efficiency increases more than 22% compared with that of the flat device. The cell model with double-sided SiO2 particle layers reported here can be used in varieties of thin film solar cells to further improve their performances. Project supported by the National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2011AA050518), the University Research Program of Guangxi Education Department, China (Grant No. LX2014288), and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China (Grant No. 2013GXNSBA019014).

  19. Ultra-thin SiN{sub x} in superlattice via nitridation of a-Si in-situ hot wire chemical vapor deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rai, Dharmendra Kumar; Solanki, Chetan Singh; Balasubramaniam, K.R., E-mail: bala.kavaipatti@gmail.com

    2014-08-28

    The fabrication of ultra-thin SiN{sub x} (< 2 nm) is a necessary step in third generation photovoltaics, memory, or light-emitting diode applications. Using the low temperature, cheap, scaleable synthesis technique of hot-wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) for this purpose poses many challenges. Here, an approach of fabricating ultra thin SiN{sub x} of thickness ∼ 1.9 nm in a superlattice (SL) structure via nitridation of a-Si layers in-situ HWCVD at 250 °C is reported. Quantum well SL and quantum dot (QD) SL films are realized, wherein SiN{sub x} layers are formed by nitriding a-Si. Both these films investigated by Raman spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy, reveal the formation of ultra-thin SiN{sub x} in a SL structure with a-Si, accompanied by sharp interfaces. In addition, annealing of the SL structures, results in QDs of crystalline Si in the a-Si layers, maintaining the SiN{sub x} layer as well as the sharp interface between the SiN{sub x} and a-Si layers of the as-deposited SL structure. - Highlights: • Ultra thin SiN{sub x} is fabricated by hot wire chemical vapor deposition. • SiN{sub x} layer of thickness ∼ 1.9 nm is formed via nitridation of a-Si layer at 250 °C. • Ultra thin SiN{sub x} layers are realized in superlattice films of quantum wells and quantum dots.

  20. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est Groundwork for an Anthropology of Entrepreneurial Ethics in South-East Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Ghislaine Gallenga; Jérôme Soldani

    2013-01-01

    L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus sou...

  1. Image-quality performance of an a-Si H-based X-ray imaging system for digital mammography

    CERN Document Server

    Darambara, D G; Speller, R D

    2002-01-01

    We have been investigating the potential of large area active matrix flat-panel a-Si : H imaging arrays for full-field digital X-ray mammography. To optimise the overall performance of such an imaging system under mammographic conditions, four different Gd sub 2 O sub 2 S : Tb phosphor screens (i.e. Lanex Fast-Back, Regular, Fine and MinR-2000) were employed and our full-field detector was integrated with the Feinfocus DIMA (Direct Magnification) PLUS MII mammographic unit. The spatial resolution and the image noise of the digital detector were measured and the X-ray imaging performance of the whole system was also evaluated with two mammographic phantoms. It was deduced from the results of this study that Regular screen offers the best compromise between sensitivity and spatial resolution and exhibits better overall image-quality performance than that of a conventional mammography system.

  2. Behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kichou, Sofiane; Silvestre, Santiago; Nofuentes, Gustavo; Torres-Ramírez, Miguel; Chouder, Aissa; Guasch, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    Four years׳ behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic (PV) modules installed in a relatively dry and sunny inland site with a Continental-Mediterranean climate (in the city of Jaén, Spain) are presented in this article. The shared data contributes to clarify how the Light Induced Degradation (LID) impacts the output power generated by the PV array, especially in the first days of exposure under outdoor conditions. Furthermore, a valuable methodology is provided in this data article permitting the assessment of the degradation rate and the stabilization period of the PV modules. Further discussions and interpretations concerning the data shared in this article can be found in the research paper "Characterization of degradation and evaluation of model parameters of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure" (Kichou et al., 2016) [1].

  3. HUBUNGAN PEMBERIAN ASI PADA BAYI UMUR KURANG DARI 10 HARI DENGAN GEJALA POSTPARTUM BLUESDI KOTA BENGKULU TAHUN 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Dewi

    2013-03-01

    information, education and communication (IEC on the importance of breast­feeders alone since the first hour of birth to age 6 months in the mother on an ongoing basis from now on antenatal care, delivery, and postpartum by involving her husband and close family Key words: breast-feeders in infants age < 10 days, the symptoms of postpartum blues ABSTRAK Postpartum blues merupakan gangguan mental yang ringan pada ibu postpartum. Metode pemberian makanan bayi dapat berpengaruh secara timbal balik terhadap postpartum blues atau kesehatan mental ibu postpartum, dan gejala ini dapat menyebabkan tidak berhasilnya pemberian Air Susu lbu (ASI secara eksklusif. Hasil Riskesdas tahun 2010 di lndonesia pola menyusui pada bayi < 1 bulan 55,1% masih secara partial, dan di Propinsi Bengkulu tahun 2010 pemberian makanan prelakteaI52,9%. Prevalensi postpartum blues di beberapa negara antara 40-60% sedangkan kejadian postpartum blues di Bengkulu belum dilaporkan. Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk Mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari dengan gejala postpartum blues. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional study Besar sampel berjumlah 97 ibu nifas dengan teknik accidental sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah univariabel, bivariabel, dan multivariabel. Hasil: Analisis univariabel menemukan bahwa pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari hampir sebagian bersifat partial breastfeeding (48,45%, dan hanya sebagian kecil yang full breastfeeding (19,59%, serta hampir sebagian ibu mengalami gejala postpartum blues (29,90%. Analisis bivaribel menunjukan bahwa Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari, paritas, dan dukungan sosial dengan gejala postpartum blues. Tetapi tidak ada hubungan antara jenis persalinan dengan gejala postpartum blues. Hasil analisis regresi logistitk menunjukan hubungan yang bermakna antara pola pemberian makanan dini pada bayi dengan gejala postpartum blues (OR = 4,47; 95% CI: 1

  4. Behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kichou, Sofiane; Silvestre, Santiago; Nofuentes, Gustavo; Torres-Ramírez, Miguel; Chouder, Aissa; Guasch, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    Four years׳ behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic (PV) modules installed in a relatively dry and sunny inland site with a Continental-Mediterranean climate (in the city of Jaén, Spain) are presented in this article. The shared data contributes to clarify how the Light Induced Degradation (LID) impacts the output power generated by the PV array, especially in the first days of exposure under outdoor conditions. Furthermore, a valuable methodology is provided in this data article permitting the assessment of the degradation rate and the stabilization period of the PV modules. Further discussions and interpretations concerning the data shared in this article can be found in the research paper "Characterization of degradation and evaluation of model parameters of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure" (Kichou et al., 2016) [1]. PMID:26977439

  5. Characterization of ion-assisted induced absorption in A-Si thin-films used for multivariate optical computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayak, Aditya B.; Price, James M.; Dai, Bin; Perkins, David; Chen, Ding Ding; Jones, Christopher M.

    2015-06-01

    Multivariate optical computing (MOC), an optical sensing technique for analog calculation, allows direct and robust measurement of chemical and physical properties of complex fluid samples in high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) downhole environments. The core of this MOC technology is the integrated computational element (ICE), an optical element with a wavelength-dependent transmission spectrum designed to allow the detector to respond sensitively and specifically to the analytes of interest. A key differentiator of this technology is it uses all of the information present in the broadband optical spectrum to determine the proportion of the analyte present in a complex fluid mixture. The detection methodology is photometric in nature; therefore, this technology does not require a spectrometer to measure and record a spectrum or a computer to perform calculations on the recorded optical spectrum. The integrated computational element is a thin-film optical element with a specific optical response function designed for each analyte. The optical response function is achieved by fabricating alternating layers of high-index (a-Si) and low-index (SiO2) thin films onto a transparent substrate (BK7 glass) using traditional thin-film manufacturing processes (e.g., ion-assisted e-beam vacuum deposition). A proprietary software and process are used to control the thickness and material properties, including the optical constants of the materials during deposition to achieve the desired optical response function. The ion-assisted deposition is useful for controlling the densification of the film, stoichiometry, and material optical constants as well as to achieve high deposition growth rates and moisture-stable films. However, the ion-source can induce undesirable absorption in the film; and subsequently, modify the optical constants of the material during the ramp-up and stabilization period of the e-gun and ion-source, respectively. This paper characterizes the unwanted

  6. Changes of the temperature coefficients of the characteristics which accompany degradation and recovery of a-Si solar cells; A-Si taiyo denchi no hikari (denryu) rekka oyobi kaifuku ni tomonau tokusei ondo keisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanagisawa, T.; Koyanagi, T.; Nakamura, K.; Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T. [electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Pursuant to the measuring of temperature dependency of the characteristics such as conversion efficiency, during the process of degradation in a-Si solar cells due to light and electric current and the process of recovery by annealing, this paper describes changes in temperature coefficients, correlation between the characteristic parameters and the degradation, and the results of the examination of their characteristics. The conversion efficiency {mu} degraded approximately by 45% of the initial value each by the irradiation under a light intensity with 3 SUN accelerated and by the infusion of current at 20mA/cm{sup 2}; and then, the efficiency recovered to 70-75% of the degradation by subsequent annealing. In addition, in the temperature dependency at 80{degree}C against at 20{degree}C, Isc slightly increased while Vcc greatly decreased. This slight increase in Isc was mainly due to the decrease in the width of the forbidden band, while the decrease in Vcc was due to the increase in the reverse saturation current. The temperature dependency of {mu}N was negative, becoming small in accordance with the degradation. The temperature dependency of FF/FFO was negative initially both in light and current, but it decreased with the degradation and turned to positive. The temperature coefficients of I-V parameters reversibly changed corresponding to the degradation and recovery of these parameters and stayed in a good correlation. 7 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Results of the ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: The symmetry energy at supra-saturation density

    CERN Document Server

    Russotto, P; Kupny, S; Lasko, P; Acosta, L; Adamczyk, M; Al-Ajlan, A; Al-Garawi, M; Al-Homaidhi, S; Amorini, F; Auditore, L; Aumann, T; Ayyad, Y; Basrak, Z; Benlliure, J; Boisjoli, M; Boretzky, K; Brzychczyk, J; Budzanowski, A; Caesar, C; Cardella, G; Cammarata, P; Chajecki, Z; Chartier, M; Chbihi, A; Colonna, M; Cozma, M D; Czech, B; De Filippo, E; Di Toro, M; Famiano, M; Gašparić, I; Grassi, L; Guazzoni, C; Guazzoni, P; Heil, M; Heilborn, L; Introzzi, R; Isobe, T; Kezzar, K; Kiš, M; Krasznahorkay, A; Kurz, N; La Guidara, E; Lanzalone, G; Fèvre, A Le; Leifels, Y; Lemmon, R C; Li, Q F; Lombardo, I; Lukasik, J; Lynch, W G; Marini, P; Matthews, Z; May, L; Minniti, T; Mostazo, M; Pagano, A; Pagano, E V; Papa, M; Pawlowski, P; Pirrone, S; Politi, G; Porto, F; Reviol, W; Riccio, F; Rizzo, F; Rosato, E; Rossi, D; Santoro, S; Sarantites, D G; Simon, H; Skwirczynska, I; Sosin, Z; Stuhl, L; Trautmann, W; Trifirò, A; Trimarchi, M; Tsang, M B; Verde, G; Veselsky, M; Vigilante, M; Wang, Yongjia; Wieloch, A; Wigg, P; Winkelbauer, J; Wolter, H H; Wu, P; Yennello, S; Zambon, P; Zetta, L; Zoric, M

    2016-01-01

    Directed and elliptic flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for the reaction 197Au+197Au at 400 MeV/nucleon incident energy within the ASY-EOS experimental campaign at the GSI laboratory. The detection system consisted of the Large Area Neutron Detector LAND, combined with parts of the CHIMERA multidetector, of the ALADIN Time-of-flight Wall, and of the Washington-University Microball detector. The latter three arrays were used for the event characterization and reaction-plane reconstruction. In addition, an array of triple telescopes, KRATTA, was used for complementary measurements of the isotopic composition and flows of light charged particles. From the comparison of the elliptic flow ratio of neutrons with respect to charged particles with UrQMD predictions, a value \\gamma = 0.72 \\pm 0.19 is obtained for the power-law coefficient describing the density dependence of the potential part in the parametrization of the symmetry energy. It represents a new and more stringent constraint for...

  8. De la crisis asiática a la crisis inmobiliaria: los debates actuales sobre la arquitectura financiera internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antulio Rosales

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de globalización neoliberal ha implicado la propagación de las finanzas internacionales como un mecanismo de acumulación ya no auxiliar a la economía real-productiva, sino como un negocio en sí mismo. La financiarización ha elevado los riesgos y vulnerabilidades de la economía mundial, cada vez más sujetas a crisis. Asimismo, la Arquitectura Financiera Internacional (AFI se encuentra bajo escrutinio por su cuestionada capacidad para enfrentar tales crisis. Este artículo analiza los debates actuales sobre la reforma de la AFI en el contexto de las crisis financieras de la última década. De la crisis asiática de finales del siglo XX a la crisis inmobiliaria de finales de 2000, el G-20 surge como principal foro político para el avance de reformas y, por otro lado, emergen áreas de influencia regional bajo el liderazgo de potencias emergentes.

  9. Improvement of Varian a-Si EPID dosimetry measurements using a lead-shielded support-arm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dosimetry measurements with Varian amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (a-Si EPIDs) are affected by the backscattered radiation from the EPID support arm. In this study, the nonuniform backscatter from an E-type support arm was reduced by fixing a thick (12.2 × 10.5 × 0.5 cm3) piece of lead on top of the arm, and the remaining backscatter was modeled and included in an existing dose prediction algorithm. The applied backscatter kernel was the average of kernels on different regions of the EPID over the arm. The lead-shielded arm reduced the nonuniform backscatter component by about 50% for field sizes ranging from 3 × 3 to 30 × 30 cm2 and the field symmetry improved for medium to large fields up to 3%. Gamma evaluation of the measured and modeled doses (2%, 2-mm criteria) showed that using the lead-shielded arm in the model increased the number of points with Gamma index <1 by 5.7% and decreased the mean Gamma by 0.201. Even using the lead alone (no modeling) could increase the number of points with Gamma index <1 by 4.7% and decrease the mean Gamma by 0.153. This is a simple and easy method to decrease the nonuniform arm backscatter and improve the accuracy of dosimetry measurements with the existing EPIDs used for clinical applications.

  10. Le déclassement stratégique français et européen en Asie-Pacifique

    OpenAIRE

    Bondaz, Antoine

    2014-01-01

    L’Asie-Pacifique est le nouvel "épicentre de la confrontation stratégique mondiale" du fait notamment de l’impact de l’émergence chinoise, du repositionnement américain ou encore de problèmes de sécurité traditionnels et non traditionnels. La France et l’Union européenne manquent aujourd’hui d’une stratégie claire et cohérente vis-à-vis de l’Asie-Pacifique et courent le risque du déclassement. France and the EU, strategic downgraded powers of the Asia-Pacific - The Asia-Paci...

  11. Regards croisés sur le régionalisme en Asie Orientale au travers de la concurrence entre le Japon, la Chine et l’Inde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Defraigne

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article retrace l’origine du leadership économique japonais dans le processus d’intégration régionale en Asie orientale et comment il est remis en question par la montée en puissance de la Chine depuis son ouverture commencée dans les années 1980. Il analyse les obstacles qui empêchent encore la Chine de jouir d’une position hégémonique régionale et qui entretiennent une situation dans laquelle la direction du processus d’intégration régionale en Asie orientale reste contestée. L’article met en évidence les limites au rôle que pourrait jouer dans ce processus l’autre grande puissance émergente d’Asie qu’est l’Inde du fait de sa position périphérique.

  12. Hubungan Status Gizi Bayi dengan Pemberian ASI Ekslusif, Tingkat Pendidikan Ibu dan Status Ekonomi Keluarga di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisyah Nilakesuma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakStatus gizi merupakan salah satu tolak ukur untuk menilai perkembangan kesehatan bayi. Banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi status gizi seorang bayi, diantaranya pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat hubungan antara status gizi bayi dengan pemberian ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu dan status ekonomi keluarga. Telah dilakukan penelitian Cross Sectional Analytic di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Padang Pasir. Data diambil melalui pengukuran langsung berat badan/tinggi badan dan wawancara dengan kuesioner terhadap 107 responden, kemudian dianalisis dengan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian terhadap 107 bayi didapatkan sebanyak 82,2% bayi berstatus gizi normal dan hanya 18,7% bayi yang diberi ASI ekslusif, sedangkan terhadap ibu diperoleh data: 76,6% berpendidikan tinggi dan 80,4% merupakan keluarga tidak miskin. Bayi yang mendapat ASI ekslusif 80% berstatus gizi normal. Menurut tingkat pendidikan ibu, didapatkan 82,9% bayi berstatus gizi normal memiliki ibu berpendidikan tinggi. Sedangkan menurut status ekonomi keluarga, bayi yang berada pada keluarga tidak miskin sebanyak 83,7% berstatus gizi normal.Kata kunci: status gizi, ASI ekslusif, tingkat pendidikan ibu, status ekonomi keluargaAbstractNutritional status is one yardstick for assessing health an infant development. There are many factors that can influence the nutritional status of infant, which are exclusive breastfeeding, mother educational status, and economic status of family. This research aimed to determine the relationship between infant nutritional status exclusive breastfeeding, mother educational status, and economic status of family. The research has been conducted about the relationship between infant nutritional status with exclusive breastfeeding, mother educational status, and economic status of family in working area of Padang Pasir Health Care. Data were taken by measurement directly for

  13. Controle e progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja sob controle alternativo em campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Mesquini

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o controle e o progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja, causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi, sob manejo com tratamentos alternativos. Para isso, implementou-se um ensaio em delineamento de blocos completos com tratamentos ao acaso, com 4 repetições, em Itambé-PR, durante a safra 2007/2008. Os tratamentos alternativos foram: biomassa cítrica, extrato bruto e óleo essencial de Eucalyptus citriodora e grãos de kefir. Avaliou-se também o controle químico com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole + adjuvante 0,5 v/v e a testemunha. Para comparação dos tratamentos utilizou-se a severidade da doença (em cinco avaliações, a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD, a taxa de progresso da doença, a produtividade e o peso de mil grãos. Foram constatadas diferenças significativas (Pd"0,05 para as avaliações de severidade, para AACPD e para a taxa de progresso da doença. De modo geral, dentre os tratamentos alternativos, a biomassa cítrica e os grãos de kefir apresentaram os maiores índices de controle e menores taxas de progresso da doença, superando os tratamentos com extrato bruto e óleo essencial de E. citriodora. Porém, o tratamento com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole foi mais eficiente para controle e proporcionou as menores taxas de progresso quando comparado aos tratamentos alternativos.

  14. Racines d’une Kulturpolitik : une mission scientifique prussienne dans l’Asie Mineure ottomane (1841-1842

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ségolène Débarre

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available L’objet de cet article est d’analyser l’implication étatique de la Prusse dans les voyages scientifiques en Orient au cours du XIXe siècle. En étudiant plus particulièrement une mission effectuée de 1841 à 1842 par trois savants prussiens en Asie Mineure, nous montrerons que l’imbrication des domaines scientifiques et politiques, qui caractérise la Kulturpolitik après 1870 (Marchand, 2003 : 191, a des racines anciennes. Illustrant le rôle joué par les études classiques dans l’exploration de l’Orient, cette mission, contemporaine de celle de Richard Lepsius en Égypte, participe de la diffusion d’un discours orientaliste qui prend progressivement en Allemagne, après la révolution de 1848, des accents expansionnistes.Der Text untersucht das staatliche Engagement Preußens für wissenschaftliche Orientreisen im 19. Jahrhundert. Am Beispiel der Forschungsreise dreier preußischer Gelehrter nach Kleinasien (1841-1842 wird gezeigt, dass die Wurzeln der Verflechtung von Wissenschaft und Politik, die ab 1870 die Kulturpolitik des Reiches charakterisiert (Marchand, 2003: 191, weit zurückreichen. Die Reise, die zeitgleich mit der Expedition des Altertumsforschers Richard Lepsius nach Ägypten verläuft, zeigt die Bedeutung der klassischen Altertumswissenschaften für die Erforschung des Orients. Sie trägt zur Verbreitung eines orientalistischen Diskurses bei, der sich nach 1848 zunehmend um expansionistische Tendenzen anreichert.

  15. Cloning and soluble expression of β-carotene converting enzyme (Asy) gene from Phaffia rhodozyma%法夫酵母β-胡萝卜素转化酶(Asy)基因的克隆及可溶性表达研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹樱; 蔡慧农; 李利君; 倪辉; 苏文金

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] We cloned the cDNA of P-carotene converting enzyme gene (asy) from Phaffia rhodozyma 7B12, a high astaxanthin-producing strain, and expressed the recombi-nant pET32-asy in E. coli BL21(DE3). Our work could lead to an important use for the study of Asy properties and further applications in vitro. [Methods] Using RACE method, we cloned the asy cDNA from Phaffia rhodozyma 7B12, and constructed recombinant plasmid pET32-asy. After optimizing the temperature and IPTG concentration, the soluble expression of Asy was achieved in E. coli BL21(DE3). pET32-asy and pACCAR16Acrtx which carried the genes chain on the synthesis of beta-carotene by acetyl CoA were co-transformed into E. coli BL21(DE3), and the changes of carotenoid species were analyzed by HPLC to detect the activity of Asy. [Results] The homology between new cloned cDNA sequence of asy gene (accession No. HM204708.1) and the only reported asy mRNA sequence (accession No. DQ002007.1) was 97%. The obtained cDNA was 1 971 bp in length, the longest open reading frame was 1 614 bp encoding 538 amino acids, and therefore the fusion protein expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) was about 70 kD. At the optimizing condition (induced by 0.5 mmol/L IPTG, at 26 癈, 5 h), 85% fusion protein expressed by recombinant pET32-asy was soluble. Compared the components of pigment in the E. coli strain only transformed with pAC-CAR16Acrtx with the strain co-transformed with pACCAR16Acrtx and pET32-asy, we found some changes of carotenoid components. The peak presented a-carotene was disappeared and three new peaks were shown, suggested that p-cryptoxanthin which is one of themetabolic intermediates between P-carotene and astaxanthin were produced because of Asy expression. [Conclusion] Astaxanthin synthase cDNA was cloned from Phaffia rhodozyma 7B12 and the soluble expression of astaxanthin synthase in E. coli BL21(DE3) was obtained. The fusion protein had a certain activity to transform p-carotene.%[目的]从高

  16. Comparsion between OMEGA TPHA and FUJIREBIO TPPA and its attention proceeding%OMEGA TPHA 与FUJIREBIO TPPA实验比较及注意事项

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志俊; 徐素荣

    2003-01-01

    梅毒的检测是国际旅行卫生体检中必不可少的项目,是国际移民组织(IMO)推荐检查的三种传染病之一,其初筛实验简单,而确认实验(TPHA与TPPA)中有很多注意事项,本文简要介绍了两种确认实验的原理、试剂盒组成、实验步骤、结果观察与报告以及实验注意事项,并对检测中常见的问题进行了探讨,供卫生检疫实验人员参考.

  17. Eesti asi / Elen Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luht, Elen

    2013-01-01

    Kaili Milki ja Kristiina Joosti disainitud padjapüürid, Sabina Kaukise kruusid, Monika Järgi vildist hoiukorvid, Terje Taltsi käsitöökalender, Mari Kõrgesaare laualamp, Ahto Sibula korterinumbriga vaas, Taavi Kuninga riidepuu Robi, Merilin Liblika sojavahast küünlad, Marko Ala lambid

  18. ASI法速测土壤指标与植物N吸收的相关性研究%Study on Correlation between an Index of Soil N Supply Rapidly Determined by ASI Method and Plant N Uptake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洁; 王莉; 王永刚; 戴继光

    2012-01-01

    本研究选用ASI法对山西褐土41个、河南潮土73个、辽宁棕壤43个、黑龙江黑土69个土样进行了土壤硝态N(ASI-NO3--N)、铵态N(ASI-NH4+-N)、碱溶有机质(ASI-OM)的测定,同时用常规方法测定了碱解N和有机质。并对测定值进行了相关性分析。同时选取土壤进行盆栽试验以验证ASI法测定值与植物吸N量的相关性。结果表明:四类土壤ASI-NO3--N与碱解N测定结果达到了极显著相关(褐土r=0.89**,潮土r=0.79**,棕壤r=0.90**,r=0.47**),四类土壤ASI-OM与常规方法有机质测定结果均达到了极显著正相关(褐土r=0.92**,潮土r=0.88**,棕壤r=0.93**,黑土r=0.96**),ASI-NH4+-N与碱解N测定结果也均达到了极显著正相关(褐土r=0.76**,潮土r=0.64**,棕壤r=0.97**,黑土r=0.61**)。褐土、棕壤土壤ASI-NO3--N含量与植物吸N量呈极显著正相关(P〈0.01),潮土、黑土土壤ASI-NO3--N含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关(P〈0.05)。褐土、棕壤土壤ASI-NH4+-N含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关(P〈0.05),潮土、黑土土壤ASI-NH4+-N含量与植物吸N量相关性不显著(P〉0.05)。除褐土土壤ASI-OM含量与植物吸N量呈显著正相关外(P〈0.05),潮土、棕壤、黑土土壤ASI-OM含量与植物吸N量相关性不显著(P〉0.05)。%In this study, contents of nitrate, ammonium nitrogen and alkali-soluble organic matter in the cinnamon soil from Shanxi (41 samples), in the fluvo-aqnic soil from Henan (73 samples), in the brown soil from Liaoning (43 samples) and in the black soil from Heilongjiang (69 samples) were measured by the ASI method and the conventional method, and the correlation analysis was carried out on measured values. Simultaneously, this study confirmed the correlation characteristics between the measured value of nitrogen by ASI method and the amounts of nitrogen uptake by plant

  19. Parameter variation of the one-diode model of a-Si and a- Si/μc-Si solar cells for modeling light-induced degradation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For analyzing the long-term behavior of thin film a-Si/μc-Si photovoltaic modules, it is important to observe the light-induced degradation (LID) in dependence of the temperature for the parameters of the one-diode model for solar cells. According to the IEC 61646 standard, the impact of LID on module parameters of these thin film cells is determined at a constant temperature of 50°C with an irradiation of 1000 W/m2 at open circuit conditions. Previous papers examined the LID of thin film a-Si cells with different temperatures and some others are about a-Si/μc-Si. In these previous papers not all parameters of the one-diode model are examined. We observed the serial resistance (Rs), parallel resistance (Rp), short circuit current (Isc), open circuit voltage (Uoc), the maximum power point (MPP: Umpp, Impp and Pmpp) and the diode factor (n). Since the main reason for the LID of silicon-based thin films is the Staebler Wronski effect in the a-Si part of the cell, the temperature dependence of the healing of defects for all parameters of the one-diode model is also taken into account. We are also measuring modules with different kind of transparent conductive oxides: In a-Si thin film solar cells fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) is used and for thin film solar cells of a-Si/μc-Si boron- doped zinc oxide is used. In our work we describe an approach for transferring the parameters of a one-diode model for tandem thin film solar cells into the one-diode model for each part of the solar cell. The measurement of degradation and regeneration at higher temperatures is the necessary base for optimization of the different silicon-based thin films in warm hot climate

  20. Physical and tribological properties of a-Si1-xCx:H coatings prepared by r.f. plama-assisted chemical vapour deposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A-Si1-xCx:H films deposited by r.f. plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposition were studied as a function of their composition. The friction and wear properties were investigated with the help of a conventional ball-on-disc apparatus. These results are correlated with chemical (Si/C atomic ratio) and structural (Raman and infrared spectroscopy) properties. The friction coefficient in a humid ambient atmosphere changes markedly with the carbon fraction and reaches a value as low as 0.05 for coatings with 70 to 90 at.% C. The carbon-rich films consist of diamond-like carbon with silicon. (orig.)

  1. Desenvolvimento e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas da versão brasileira do Addiction Severity Index 6 (ASI-6 Light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lídia Reis Fernandes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas de uma versão brasileira reduzida do Addiction Severity Index 6 Light (ASI-6 Light previamente proposta com base em um estudo de validação dos construtos do instrumento e desenvolver os novos escores de cada área do instrumento baseados na Teoria de Resposta ao Item (TRI. Métodos Foram entrevistados 200 sujeitos, 100 com uso problemático de álcool e outras drogas e 100 sem uso problemático. Foram calculados os escores dos indivíduos com base na TRI. As propriedades psicométricas foram avaliadas pela correlação entre os escores do ASI-6 Light e do Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST, padrão-ouro do estudo. Foram avaliados os índices de sensibilidade e especificidade. Resultados Foi encontrada alta correlação entre os escores da área “álcool” do ASI-6 Light e os escores do ASSIST em relação ao álcool (r = 0,79, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,47 e cocaína/crack (r = 0,44 e baixa (r = 0,39 em relação à maconha. Ao correlacionarem-se os escores do ASSIST e os escores da área “drogas” do ASI-6 Light, obteve-se alta correlação em relação à cocaína/crack (r = 0,85, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,57 e maconha (r = 0,68 e baixa (r = 0,29 em relação ao álcool. A área sob a curva ROC da área “álcool” foi de 0,93 e a da área “drogas” foi de 0,88. Conclusão Boas evidências de validade das áreas “álcool” e “drogas” foram apresentadas. Essa nova versão tornou-se um instrumento de fácil manejo e de rápida aplicação, contendo os itens que melhor avaliam a gravidade de problemas.

  2. SU-E-I-86: Ultra-Low Dose Computed Tomography Attenuation Correction for Pediatric PET CT Using Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASiR™)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, S; Shulkin, B [St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To develop ultra-low dose computed tomography (CT) attenuation correction (CTAC) acquisition protocols for pediatric positron emission tomography CT (PET CT). Methods: A GE Discovery 690 PET CT hybrid scanner was used to investigate the change to quantitative PET and CT measurements when operated at ultra-low doses (10–35 mAs). CT quantitation: noise, low-contrast resolution, and CT numbers for eleven tissue substitutes were analyzed in-phantom. CT quantitation was analyzed to a reduction of 90% CTDIvol (0.39/3.64; mGy) radiation dose from baseline. To minimize noise infiltration, 100% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) was used for CT reconstruction. PET images were reconstructed with the lower-dose CTAC iterations and analyzed for: maximum body weight standardized uptake value (SUVbw) of various diameter targets (range 8–37 mm), background uniformity, and spatial resolution. Radiation organ dose, as derived from patient exam size specific dose estimate (SSDE), was converted to effective dose using the standard ICRP report 103 method. Effective dose and CTAC noise magnitude were compared for 140 patient examinations (76 post-ASiR implementation) to determine relative patient population dose reduction and noise control. Results: CT numbers were constant to within 10% from the non-dose reduced CTAC image down to 90% dose reduction. No change in SUVbw, background percent uniformity, or spatial resolution for PET images reconstructed with CTAC protocols reconstructed with ASiR and down to 90% dose reduction. Patient population effective dose analysis demonstrated relative CTAC dose reductions between 62%–86% (3.2/8.3−0.9/6.2; mSv). Noise magnitude in dose-reduced patient images increased but was not statistically different from pre dose-reduced patient images. Conclusion: Using ASiR allowed for aggressive reduction in CTAC dose with no change in PET reconstructed images while maintaining sufficient image quality for co

  3. "Quise entonces fumar": El opio en César Vallejo y Pablo Neruda: rutas asiáticas de experimentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Leal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available César Vallejo y Pablo Neruda fuman el opio cuando están escribiendo Trilce (1922 y Residencia en la tierra (1935, respectivamente. No mencionan la droga en sus colecciones, pero ambos escriben al margen de su obra literaria textos sobre su experiencia narcótica: un cuento-testimonio, en Vallejo; confesiones y memorias, en Neruda. Los dos poetas igualmente describen al opio como una puerta de valoración de lo asiático, sus costumbres y habitantes. Por medio del análisis de los escritos sobre el opio de Vallejo en su cuento "Cera" de Escalas melografiadas (1923 y de Neruda en su poema "El opio en el Este" de Memorial de Isla negra (1964, este artículo investiga, por un lado, los conceptos estéticos que se revelan en las relaciones del opio con la escritura de estos poetas, y por otro lado, las relaciones del opio con lo asiático que establecen los escritores como una forma de definir sus concepciones políticas.

  4. Le site d’Ajakagytma et le complexe culturel de Kel’teminar au sein des processus de néolithisation en Asie centrale

    OpenAIRE

    Brunet, Frédérique; Hudžanazarov, Muhiddin; Szymczak, Karol

    2014-01-01

    La recherche menée dans le cadre de la MAFANAC s’intéresse au Néolithique et plus largement à la période des processus de néolithisation qui voit à partir de la fin du Pléistocène, en Asie centrale, l’émergence de profondes et multiples modifications dans les domaines culturel, technique, économique, social et symbolique. En Ouzbékistan, l’étude réalisée en partenariat avec l’Institut d’archéologie de l’Académie des sciences de cette République (Samarcande) est focalisée sur le Néolithique de...

  5. Influence of baking on the photoluminescence spectra of In1-x Gax Asy P1-y solid solutions grown on Inp substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of thermal treatments on the photoluminescence spectra of In1-x Gax Asy P1-y epitaxial layers of various compositions grown by LPE on In P substrates has been studied. To prevent the epitaxial layers from degradation, due to phosphor evaporation during the baking, their surface was covered by spin-on SiO2 layers. The photoluminescence spectra did not change for solid solutions whose compositions were near In P and InGaAs. For compositions in the middle of the lattice-matched region, the variations were very noticeable because the appearance of additional peaks in the luminescence spectra. This could be related to the decomposition of those solid solutions whose compositions lie inside a theoretically predicted miscibility gap. (Author)

  6. Investigation of Ionospheric Disturbances Using Radio and Optical Observations in South-East Asia -- The Initial Results of the ASI and FPI Observations in Chiang Mai, Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubota, M.; Nagatsuma, T.; Otsuka, Y.; Shiokawa, K.; Komonjinda, S.; Komolmis, T.; Somboon, E.; Tsugawa, T.; Maruyama, T.; Murata, K. T.

    2010-12-01

    For the purpose of monitoring and forecasting equatorial ionospheric disturbances, SEALION (SouthEast Asia Low-latitude IOnospheric Network) has been developed since 2003 as a cooperation project by National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL) in Thailand, Chiang Mai University (CMU) in Thailand, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) in Indonesia, Hanoi Institute of Geophysics (HIG), Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology in Vietnam, Center for Space Science and Applied Research (CSSAR), Chinese Academy of Sciences in China, Kyoto University in Japan, and Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University in Japan. SEALION consists of five ionosondes, four GPS receivers, two GPS scintillation monitors, and a magnetometer. As a part of this project, we newly installed an all-sky imager (ASI) and a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) at Sirindhorn observatory in Chiang Mai (18.8N, 98.9E, Dip lat. 13.1), Thailand. This site is located near conjugate to EAR site in Kototabang, Indonesia. One of main targets of the ASI observation is the large-scale wave structure (LSWS) with wavelengths of 100-1000 km. The LSWS is thought to be connected to the generation mechanism of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPB). The optical observations in Chiang Mai started in February 2010, and we have detected several ionospheric disturbance events with these instruments In this paper, we will show the initial results of the optical observations from Sirindhorn observatory, and discuss the features of ionospheric disturbances in Southeast Asia.

  7. Espectro de gotas de pulverização e controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Paula Debortoli

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o espectro de gotas de pulverização ideal para o controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi, em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2009/2010. A aplicação de fungicida (piraclostrobina + epoxiconazol, com óleo mineral foi avaliada com quatro espectros de gotas de pulverização - muito fino, <119 μm; fino, 119 a 216 μm; médio, 217 a 352 μm; e grosso, 353 a 464 μm -, em quatro cultivares de soja (BMX Apollo RR, NA 7636 RR, Fcep 53 RR e TMG 4001 RR contrastantes quanto a índice de área foliar, estatura de plantas e número de ramos por planta. Foram quantificadas as variáveis: número de gotas por cm², diâmetro mediano volumétrico das gotas, área abaixo da curva de progresso da ferrugem-asiática e produtividade da soja. A definição do espectro de gotas a ser utilizado deve considerar a cultivar e as condições ambientais em que a pulverização será realizada. A magnitude da proteção exercida pelo fungicida varia de acordo com a cobertura de plantas e a penetração de gotas no dossel, proporcionada pelos diferentes espectros de gota. O espectro de gotas fino proporciona boa deposição de gotas, controle da doença e produtividade, independentemente da cultivar avaliada.

  8. «Un esclavo que se llama Antonio»: venta de dos esclavos asiáticos en Galicia a inicios del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ménard, Caroline

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Slavery has existed in the Iberian Peninsula since the Antiquity and up to the Modern Era - and moreover, it was not restricted to the submission of people coming from Africa. This paper will look at the sale of two slaves originally from Asia, Antonio and Domingo, in 1603 in the port of Vigo - it will explore their journey, the role of the Carreira da India Portuguese mariners as sailors, their origin and sale price. Antonio and Domingo might represent a minority compared to all the slaves living at that time in Galicia, but their difference is a rich illustration of the process as it was then working.

    La esclavitud era conocida en la Península Ibérica desde la Antigüedad y durante la Época Moderna y no se limitó a la sumisión de personas de origen africana. Este artículo trata de la venta de dos esclavos de origen asiático, Antonio y Domingo, en el puerto de Vigo en 1603; en él se analiza la ruta emprendida por éstos, el papel desempeñado por los marineros portugueses de la Carreira da India como vendedores, así como su origen y precio. Antonio y Domingo representan una minoria dentro del conjunto de los esclavos viviendo en ese momento en Galicia, pero su presencia es un ejemplo ilustrativo de la dinámica vigente en la época. [gl] A escravitude era coñecida na Península Ibérica dende a Antigüidade e durante a Época Moderna e non se limitou a sumisión de persoas de orixe africana. Este artigo trata da venda de dous escravos de orixe asiática, Antonio e Domingo, no porto de Vigo no 1603. No artigo analízase a ruta realizada por estes e a súa orixe e prezo, así como o papel xogado polos mariñeiros portugueses na Carreira da India como vendedores. Antonio y Domingo representan unha corrente minoritaria dentro do conxunto dos escravos que viven en Galicia nesta época, mais a sua presencia é un bon exemplo da dinamica vivida nesta época.

  9. Impedance Spectroscopic Study of p-i-n Type a-Si Solar Cell by Doping Variation of p-Type Layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunhwa Lee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated p-i-n type amorphous silicon (a-Si solar cell where the diborane flow rate of the p-type layer was varied and the solar cell was measured static/dynamic characteristics. The p/i interface of the thin film amorphous silicon solar cells was studied in terms of the coordination number of boron atoms in the p layer. p-type layer and p/i interface properties were obtained from the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and impedance spectroscopy. One of the solar cells shows open circuit voltage (oc=880 mV, short circuit current density (sc=14.21 mA/cm2, fill factor (FF=72.03%, and efficiency (=8.8% while the p-type layer was doped with 0.1%. The impedance spectroscopic measurement showed that the diode ideality factor and built-in potential changed with change in diborane flow rate.

  10. The formation of the positive, fixed charge at c-Si(111)/a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H interfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Hintzsche, L E; Marsman, M; Lamers, M W P E; Weeber, A W; Kresse, G

    2015-01-01

    Modern electronic devices are unthinkable without the well-controlled formation of interfaces at heterostructures. These often involve at least one amorphous material. Modeling such interfaces poses a significant challenge, since a meaningful result can only be expected by using huge models or by drawing from many statistically independent samples. Here we report on the results of high throughput calculations for interfaces between crystalline silicon (c-Si) and amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H), which are omnipresent in commercially available solar cells. The findings reconcile only partly understood key features. At the interface, threefold coordinated Si atoms are present. These are caused by the structural mismatch between the amorphous and crystalline part. The local Fermi level of undoped c-Si lies well below that of a-SiN:H. To align the Fermi levels in the device, charge is transferred from the a-SiN:H part to the c-Si part resulting in an abundance of positively charged, threefold coord...

  11. Postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē "Asiņainais kambaris"

    OpenAIRE

    Mierkalne, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Šajā pētījumā aplūkotas postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē Asiņainais kambaris. Padziļināti tiek apskatīta intertekstualitāte, stilizācija, un fragmentācija, un to izpausmes, lai secinātu kā šīs iezīmes veido postmodernisma stāstu. Šis pētījums izstrādāts veicot ar postmodernisma tēmu saistīto teorētisko materiālu un A.Kārteres stāstu analīzi. Pētījuma aktualitāti ietekmē, pirmkārt, postmodernisma literatūras problemātika – sarežģītā literatūras perioda definīcijas izstrād...

  12. China e sudeste asiático: diferenças e semelhanças de percepção quanto a questões atuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo A. Pereira Pinto

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available China e Sudeste Asiático têm diferenças de percepção quanto a questões de segurança regional atuais, em virtude de experiências históricas, que levam alguns países situados ao Sul da RPC a acreditarem que Pequim poderia voltar a desempenhar papel dominante na área de sua antiga influência político-cultural. Fortalecem-se, por outro lado, as semelhanças de percepção quanto à necessidade de preservar o Estado, como agente capaz de fomentar o desenvolvimento do sistema político, bem como garantidor das aspirações e interesses individuais e coletivos.China and Southeast Asia, due to their historic expeirences, have different perceptions about comtemporary regional security issues that lead some countries located at the South of CPR to believe that Pekin could come back to play the dominant role on its ancient political and cultural influence area. On the other hand, similar perceptions about the need of preserving the State as the agent able to foment the development of the political system as well as the guarantor of individual and collective aspirations and interests have strengthned.

  13. Influence of air exposure duration and a-Si capping layer thickness on the performance of p-BaSi2/n-Si heterojunction solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takabe, Ryota; Yachi, Suguru; Du, Weijie; Tsukahara, Daichi; Takeuchi, Hiroki; Toko, Kaoru; Suemasu, Takashi

    2016-08-01

    Fabrication of p-BaSi2(20nm)/n-Si heterojunction solar cells was performed with different a-Si capping layer thicknesses (da-Si) and varying air exposure durations (tair) prior to the formation of a 70-nm-thick indium-tin-oxide electrode. The conversion efficiencies (η) reached approximately 4.7% regardless of tair (varying from 12-150 h) for solar cells with da-Si = 5 nm. In contrast, η increased from 5.3 to 6.6% with increasing tair for those with da-Si = 2 nm, in contrast to our prediction. For this sample, the reverse saturation current density (J0) and diode ideality factor decreased with tair, resulting in the enhancement of η. The effects of the variation of da-Si (0.7, 2, 3, and 5 nm) upon the solar cell performance were examined while keeping tair = 150 h. The η reached a maximum of 9.0% when da-Si was 3 nm, wherein the open-circuit voltage and fill factor also reached a maximum. The series resistance, shunt resistance, and J0 exhibited a tendency to decrease as da-Si increased. These results demonstrate that a moderate oxidation of BaSi2 is a very effective means to enhance the η of BaSi2 solar cells.

  14. An approach for the prediction of interfacial delamination of an a-Si3N4 /Si bilayer system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Pamela; Meng Chai, Chee; Xue, Ming; Xu, Huan; Zhou, Kun

    2016-09-01

    The prediction of interfacial delamination in multi-layered IC packaging has been a rather complex process as it is challenging to quantify the critical energies of interfacial adhesion experimentally. In this study, a combined approach based on molecular dynamics (MD) and finite element method (FEM) simulations is adopted to characterize and predict delamination in an a-Si3N4/Si bilayer system. The necessary material parameters that are required for the interfacial cohesive constitutive relation in FEM simulation are derived by MD simulation rather than experiment. The work of interfacial fracture obtained by the FEM simulation is about 0.11 J m‑2. To validate the presented approach, an experimental nanoindentation test is also conducted to measure the work of interfacial fracture which is obtained to be about 0.085 J m‑2. The results obtained by the MD-FEM simulations and the experiment show very good agreement. Therefore, the combined approach can also be applied to investigate other bi-materials or even multi-layered systems, thus facilitating the prediction of interfacial delamination and helping to improve the stability and reliability of the 3D multi-layered IC packaging.

  15. Colonization and Biology of Phlebotomus pa­patasi, the Main Vector of Cutaneous Leishmani­asis due to Leshmania major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laboratory bred sand flies are essential for the study of different biological phenomena including the transmis­sion dynamics of Leishmania. The aim of the study was to determine the suitable situation for colonization and main­tenance of Iranian strain of Phlebotomus papatasi at laboratory conditions from an endemic focus of cutaneous leishmani­asis due to Leishmania major.Methods: One hundred and thirty P. papatasi were collected by CDC miniature light traps and aspirator from indoors in Badrood, central Iran. The fly was maintained by the procedures of Modi & Tesh (1983 with minor modifications for 7 generations. Results: Minimum and maximum rate of productivity was calculated to be 8.5 and 56.1 in F7 and F3, respectively and signifi­cant difference was observed among productivity of some generations (P< 0.001. The sex ratio ranged between 70(F1 and 101.8(F6. The mean duration of egg to adult emergence varied between 47.21±4.46 and 52.6±7.85 days. The life cycle was completed in 34.4 to 60 days at 26±1 ºC. Conclusion: P. papatasi was colonized and maintained successfully for the first time as a laboratory strain. Using larval diet without liver powder is recommended. The blood of white hamster was preferred to golden hamster and guinea pig for the sand fly vector blood feeding at the insectary.

  16. Lattice vibrations study of Ga1-xInxAsySb1-y quaternary alloys with low (In, As) content grown by liquid phase epitaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raman scattering spectroscopy was used to measure and analyze the lattice vibrations in some quaternary Ga1-xInxAsySb1-y alloys with low (In, As) contents (0.03 0C. High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction results showed profiles associated with a quaternary layer lattice matched to the GaSb substrate as obtained from the (004) reflection. The experimental diffractograms were simulated to estimate alloy composition, thickness and lattice mismatch of the layer. Raman scattering results show phonon frequencies associated to the TO and LO GaAs-like modes as well as GaSb + InAs-like mode, which are characteristic of this quaternary alloy. The As content dependence of the phonon frequency measured in this alloy for low (In, As) contents agree well with the modified Random-Element Isodisplacement (REI) model and also with other available experimental reports. This method can also be used to estimate alloy compositions for this kind of quaternary alloys

  17. La estructura del “sector del sexo” en el sureste asiático. Una realidad poliédrica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Pozo Gordaliza

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia, mediante un análisis sistemático, los elementos más significativos que definen la industria del sexo en el sureste asiático. Entre ellos destacamos en primer lugar, su compleja, organización, sofisticación, diversificación y estructuración; su relación con la feminización de la pobreza, las migraciones y las minorías étnicas. El tráfico sexual y el turismo sexual creciente. En segundo lugar hablaremos sobre su clientela, la estructura  demográfica joven y el acceso al mercado de la prostitución a edades muy tempranas. Seguidamente haremos alusión a las desigualdades de género, las creencias socioculturales, religiosas y al imaginario social colectivo. A continuación incidiremos en las “prostituciones” (directas o indirectas, la idea de la elección y los límites en su producción estadística. Por último terminamos con una propuesta orientativa para enriquecer el debate y aportar vías facilitadoras para encarar el fenómeno desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos.

  18. Development of highly efficient large-area a-Si PV module. Final report; Entwicklung hocheffizienter grossflaechiger a-Si-Photovoltaikmodule. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruebel, H.; Frammelsberger, W.; Lechner, P.; Geyer, R.; Schade, H.; Psyk, W.

    1998-06-01

    This project was focused on the development of stable PV modules based on a-Si, and on the process transfer from a laboratory scale to a large-area production level. Central to these efforts is the economic relevance that requires reasonable module efficiencies obtained with high throughput and yield. Our modules contain p-i-n/p-i-n (a-Si/a-Si) cell structures that are based on deposition procedures developed at ISI, i.e. low-temperature deposition and high hydrogen dilution for the top cell, and microdoping between the p-layer and the buffer layer for the cottom cell. The maximum stabilized (1800 h) module efficiency obtained by production-relevant processes is 6.5% for the aperture area of 5445 cm{sup 2}. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Arbeiten im Rahmen des Projekts konzentrierten sich auf die Entwicklung moeglicht stabiler a-Si-PV-Module und auf die Umsetzung vorhandener Labortechniken in einen industriellen Fertigungsmassstab. Mitbestimmend fuer die Entwicklungsarbeiten war die kommerzielle Relevanz, die brauchbare Modulleistungen verknuepft mit hohem Durchsatz bei hoher Ausbeute. Die Basis fuer unsere jetzige Zellstruktur im Modul sind die a-Si/a-Si-(p-i-n/p-i-n)-Technologie und die Technologiekonzepte des ISI (Tieftemperaturabscheidung bei hoher H-Verduennung fuer die Topzelle sowie Feindotierung des Uebergangs von der p-Schicht in den Puffer hinein fuer die Bottomzelle). Das beste mit einem fertigungsrelevanten Prozess hergestellte Modul erreicht nach 1800 h Lichtalterung einen stabilisierten Aperturwirkungsgrad von 6.5%. (orig.)

  19. Théâtres d’Asie à l’œuvre. Circulation, expression, politique, Hélène Bouvier & Gérard Toffin, éd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Flicker

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, riche d’une dizaine d’études, traite des formes théâtrales en Asie, de l’Inde à la Chine, en passant par l’archipel indonésien (Java, Bali, Madura, le Cambodge et le Vietnam. Il est précédé d’une introduction dense qui cadre la question sur le plan théorique en optant pour une approche résolument anthropologique, qui fédère l’ensemble des contributions. Il donne un éclairage neuf en renouvelant l’apport d’ouvrages majeurs mais aujourd’hui anciens, tel Les Théâtres d’Asie, sous l...

  20. 伊朗食虫虻(双翅目:食虫虻科)的猎物记录%Prey records of robber fLies(Diptera:AsiLidae)in Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Najmeh SAMIN; Hamid SAKENIN; Hassan GHAHARI; Reza MONAEM

    2014-01-01

    本文根据伊朗食虫虻科AsiLidae的文献资料,记录了伊朗104种食虫虻的130种猎物。这些猎物隶属昆虫纲Insecta的7个目(膜翅目Hymenoptera,双翅目Diptera,鞘翅目CoLeoptera,直翅目Orthoptera,鳞翅目Lepidoptera,半翅目异翅亚目Heteroptera和脉翅目Neuroptera)37科,此外,还有1种蜘蛛也是食虫虻的猎物。%Up on the revising of the pubLished data on Iranian AsiLidae,in a totaL 130 insect species are Listed in this paper as the preys for 104 species of Iranian AsiLidae. These preys beLong to 37 famiLies of 7 orders incLuding Hyme-noptera,Diptera,CoLeoptera,Orthoptera,Lepidoptera,Heteroptera and Neuroptera. In addition to the diverse preys in the cLass Insecta,one spider species( Aranei)was determined as prey too.

  1. Continuous roll-to-roll a-Si photovoltaic manufacturing technology. Annual subcontractor report, 1 April 1992--31 March 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izu, M. [Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, MI (United States)

    1993-12-01

    This report describes work done under a 3-year program to advance ECD`s roll-to-roll, triple-junction photovoltaic manufacturing technologies, to reduce the module production costs, to increase the stabilized module performance, and to expand commercial capacity utilizing ECD technology. The specific 3-year goal is to develop advanced large-scale manufacturing technology incorporating ECD`s earlier research advances with the capability of producing modules with stable 11% efficiency at a cost of approximately $1.00 per peak watt. Accomplishments during Phase 1 included: (1) ECD successfully incorporated a high-performance Ag/metal-oxide back-reflector system into its continuous roll-to-roll commercial production operation. (2) High-quality a-Si-Ge narrow-band-gap solar cells were incorporated into the manufacturing. (3) ECD demonstrated the continuous roll-to-roll production of high-efficiency, triple-junction, two-band-gap solar cells consistently and uniformly throughout a 762-m (2500-ft) run with high yield. (4) ECD achieved 11.1% initial sub-cell efficiency of triple-junction, two-band-gap a-Si alloy solar cells in the production line. (5) The world`s first 0.37-m{sup 2} (4-ft{sup 2}) PV modules were produced utilizing triple-junction spectrum-splitting solar cells manufactured in the production line. (6) As a result of process optimization to reduce the layer thickness and to improve the gas utilization, ECD achieved a 77% material cost reduction for germane and 58% reduction for disilane. Additionally, ECD developed a new low-cost module that saves approximately 30% in assembly material costs.

  2. Análise AMMI da produtividade de grãos em linhagens de soja selecionadas para resistência à ferrugem asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Ken-Iti Yokomizo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi quantificar os efeitos da interação genótipo x ambiente (GxE sobre a produtividade de grãos em progênies de soja pré-selecionadas para resistência à ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Doze ensaios de avaliação de progênies (linhagens F6 e F7 foram conduzidos em diferentes ambientes (combinação de locais, anos e tratamentos fungicidas para controle de doenças de final de ciclo, incluindo ou não a ferrugem. A análise "additive main effects and multiplicative interaction" (AMMI capturou, como padrão da interação GxE, 57% da variação associada aos resíduos de não aditividade, dos quais 44% foram retidos no primeiro componente principal de interação e o restante, no segundo. O primeiro componente associou-se a diferenças entre os anos de avaliação, o que denota imprevisibilidade na predição. O segundo componente, no entanto, associou-se ao manejo diferenciado do cultivo, no que se refere ao controle ou não das doenças. Entre os genótipos de ampla adaptabilidade produtiva, as linhagens USP 02-16.045 e USP 10-10 apresentaram desempenho destacado.

  3. El curso del desarrollo tecnológico y la subcontratación en el programa maquilador mexicano: La experiencia del este asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor M. Castillo

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Al iniciarse la década de los noventa, la industria maquiladora se ha consolidado como sector en términos cualitativos (generación de empleo y obtención de divisas, pero también en su desarrollo, que a medida que avanza el tiempo pesa más en la estructura económica y social del país (sobre todo en la frontera norte, en la que pudieran resultar importantes beneficios indirectos, dentro de otro escenario, caracterizado por las extemalidades de una nueva industria maquiladora (NIM. Nueva en el sentido de su posible contribución al desenvolvimiento del país en aspectos como apoyo a la infraestructura, transferencia y generación de tecnología, en el sentido de impulso a industrias satélites y complementarias a través de la utilización de insumos y la subcontratación, esto en una dimensión más cualitativa del proceso, donde la NIM debe ser entendida en el marco de referencia de las modificaciones y cambios estructurales que la economía esta generando (en materia de políticaeconómica.Ante esta perspectiva, el presente trabajo pretende dar respuesta a la interrogante: ¿es posible repetir la experiencia asiática en aspectos de subcontratación y adaptación de tecnología en la frontera norte de México?Como conclusión preliminar se plantea: la NIM, dentro de un marco de planificación estatal, podría convertirse en instrumento de apoyo importante, vía transferencia de tecnología y subcontratación, para una transición hacia niveles más altos de industrialización.

  4. Controle de ferrugem asiática da soja utilizando-se diferentes pontas de pulverização em Maracaju-MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackeline Matos do Nascimento

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En la presente investigación realizada en Maracaju, en el estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, fue estudiado el efecto de puntas y horarios de aplicación para el control de la Roya asiática de la soya. Se evaluaron cuatro puntas de pulverización: chorro plano de uso ampliado, chorro plano doble, chorro plano deflector y chorro plano deflector doble. Las aplicaciones ocurrieron en los horarios de 14:00 y 17:30h con un pulverizador de espaldas a presión constante (CO2. El fungicida utilizado fue el epoxiconazole y piraclostrobina, en la dosis de 0,5 L·ha-1 del producto comercial. El delineamiento experimental fue el de bloques al azar, con cuatro repeticiones, en un esquema de parcelas subdivididas, donde la parcela fue el horario y las subparcelas las puntas. Fueron colectados 30 folíolos en los tercios superior, medio e inferior de la planta, para evaluar el número de lesiones, uredíneas, incidencia y severidad de la enfermedad. En la aplicación realizada en el horario de las 14:00h con la punta chorro plano deflector, las plantas presentaron mayor número de lesiones y uredíneas en el tercio medio, cuando fue comparada con las puntas chorro plano deflector doble y chorro plano doble. No fueron detectadas diferencias significativas en relación a la masa de mil granos y la producción.

  5. Asie méridionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Goodall Dominic, Nibedita Rout, R. Sathya­narayanan, S. A. S. Sarma, T. Ganesan et S. Sam­ban­dhasuvacarya (éds, The Pancavaranastava of Aghorasivacarya : a 12th century South Indian prescription for the visualisation of Sadasiva and his retinue, Pondichéry et Paris, IFP et EFEO, 2005, 237 p.Huchet Jean-François et Joël Ruet (coord., Globalisation and Opening Markets in Developing Countries and Impact on National Firms and Public Gouvernance. The Case of India, New Delhi, CSH et al., 2006, ...

  6. Influence of solar spectrum and climate on the performance of c-SI, a-Si and CdTe modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weihs, Philipp; Jochen, Wagner; Marcus, Rennhofer; Zamini, Shokufeh; Fallent, Gerhard; Brence, Florian

    2010-05-01

    Within the scope of the project PV-SPEC we investigate the performance of different types of photovoltaic (PV) modules as a function of the regional climate of Austria. Three types of modules were chosen for the present study: monocrystalline silicon cells (c-SI), amorphous silicon cells (a-Si) and cadmium telluride cells (CdTe). The criteria for the selection of the cells is on the one hand their different spectral sensitivity and on the other hand the need of research in the domain of thin film technology. The aim of the project is the exact estimation of the potential energy yield of these three module types in the different climatic regions of Austria. Thereby the effects of the very inhomogeneous and structured topography in Austria need to be fully taken into account. As a first step the characteristics of the PV modules as well as their spectral sensitivity were determined in the laboratory. In a second step routine measurements of the module performance were performed at Observatory Kanzelhoehe (1600 m altitude), and in Vienna (170 m altitude). In order to investigate the influence of temperature, wind, cloudiness and solar spectrum some additional measurements of these quantities were performed. In order to investigate the influence of the orientation of the modules, we performed for each module type the measurement of the performance of three modules with different orientations: one module oriented towards south, one towards east and one towards west. In a third step we then analyse the performance as a function of time of the day, as a function of the season, as a function of the meteorological parameters (temperature, wind and cloudiness) and as a function of the spectral distribution of the solar radiation. The meteorological influence on the PV module performance is quantified using one array type function for each module type. Using this function and a radiative transfer model we may in a last step calculate the energy yield potential of the three PV

  7. Aire linguistique Asie du Sud-Est continentale : le birman en fait-il partie ? Mainland Southeast Asia Linguistic Area: is Burmese in?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Vittrant

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available L’appartenance du birman à la famille des langues tibéto-birmanes est un fait non discutable comme l’attestent de nombreux travaux en linguistique historique (Benedict 1942, Shafer 1955, Matisoff 1973. Cependant, cette langue possède de nombreuses caractéristiques phonologiques, morphosyntaxiques, pragmatiques ou lexicales, rares ou non attestées dans les autres langues de la famille. On peut donc s’interroger sur l’origine de ces innovations : hasard, universalité du langage ou contact de langues ? Or de récentes études (Matisoff 1991, Enfield, 2005 ont révélé l’existence d’une aire linguistique ou Sprachbund en Asie du Sud-Est continentale, i.e. une zone géographique dans laquelle des langues de familles linguistiques diverses partagent des traits structurels, généralement acquis par contact. Nous montrerons ainsi que, quoique rarement cité, le birman – langue tonale, à tendance isolante, à morphologie pauvre, sans flexion, faisant usage de classificateurs et très contextuelle – fait bien partie de cette aire linguistique.Burmese is indisputably part of Tibeto-Burman linguistic family, as many research in historical linguistics have proved it (see Benedict 1942, Shafer 1955, Matisoff 1973. However, this language exhibits phonological, morpho-syntactic, pragmatic or lexical features that are rare or non-attested in the other languages of the family. Therefore the issue is about the origine of these innovations: hazard, language universals or language contacts ? Recent studies études (Matisoff 1991, Enfield, 2005 have shown the existence of a linguistic area or Sprachbund in Mainland Southeast Asia, i.e. a geographical area where languages from different linguistic families share structural features, generally contact-induced features. In this paper, we show that Burmese, as a tonal language, isolating language with simple morphology, without agreement, using classifiers, and being an extremely contextual

  8. Fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi e produtividade da soja Fungicides on the control of soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi and soybean yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Moreira Soares

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, avaliou-se o efeito de fungicidas no desenvolvimento da ferrugem asiática, causada pelo fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi, e na produtividade da soja. Os fungicidas foram pulverizados quando as plantas estavam no estádio de desenvolvimento R4. Utilizou-se a cultivar Fepagro-RS 10 e delineamento blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições e dez tratamentos. A avaliação da severidade da doença foi feita 30 dias após a pulverização, utilizando-se uma escala de notas de 0 a 5, considerando-se a porcentagem da área foliar infectada. Os tratamentos com os fungicidas azoxystrobin, difenoconazole + propiconazole, fluquinconazole, myclobutanil, pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, tebuconazole e trifloxistrobina + propiconazole, controlaram o patógeno em relação à testemunha, mostrando notas médias de severidade igual ou inferior a 2 e não diferiram entre si. O tratamento com difenoconazole (nota 3,05 controlou o patógeno, mas com nota inferior ao tratamento com carbendazin (nota 3,85 e à testemunha (nota 4,5. Todos os tratamentos mostraram produtividades superiores à testemunha, variando entre 14,5% e 27,3%. O peso de cem sementes foi superior ao da testemunha para todos os tratamentos (11,8% a 14,4%, com exceção do carbendazin (5,2%.This work was done in order to evaluated the fungicides effect on the control of soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi, as well as their effect on yield. The fungicides were sprayed when the plants were at the growth stage R4. The cultivar used was Fepagro-RS 10. The experimental design used was a randomized blocks replicated four times and with ten treatments. The disease severity evaluation was done 30 days after spraying using a scale of notes (0 to 5, measuring the infected leaf area. The treatments with the fungicides azoxystrobin, difenoconazole + propiconazole, fluquinconazole, myclobutanil, pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, tebuconazole and trifloxystrobina + propiconazole controlled the

  9. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est Groundwork for an Anthropology of Entrepreneurial Ethics in South-East Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghislaine Gallenga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus souvent ils oscillent entre deux pôles : d’une part la sociologie wébérienne du capitalisme industriel par le prisme de l’éthique religieuse et d’autre part l’approche substantiviste de Polanyi. Si les grilles d’analyse nées de ces débats ont été appliquées en majorité aux entrepreneurs issus de la diaspora chinoise, c’est la question de l’idéologie des entrepreneurs qui prédomine à travers le prisme des courants philosophiques et religieux qui leur servent de repères. Comment des valeurs et des idéologies sont-elles perpétuées, adaptées ou transposées par les directions d’entreprise ? Comment s’insèrent-elles également dans les micro-stratégies des acteurs locaux ? Comment l’éthique entrepreneuriale se décline-t-elle dans des établissements de statuts divers et dans des familles d’entrepreneurs ? Quelles images ces dernières construisent-elles et quelles sont les valeurs (morales, religieuses, etc. qui participent à la construction de cette éthique ? En d’autres termes, il s’agit d’observer des pratiques qui ont cours dans cette partie du monde et d’en comprendre les logiques au travers d’analyses anthropologiques. Ainsi, les contributions présentées dans ce numéro apportent à la fois des éléments de réponse et ouvrent d’autres pistes de réflexion pour concourir à esquisser ce que « éthique entrepreneuriale » peut recouvrir dans cette région du Sud-Est asiatique

  10. X-ray fluorescence analysis of Ge1–xSex, As1–xSex, and Ge1–x–yAsySex glasses using electronic excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    X-ray fluorescence analysis with fluorescence excitation by an electron beam with an energy of 30 kV is applied to determine the germanium, arsenic, and selenium contents in Ge1–xSex, As1–xSex, and Ge1–x–yAsySex glassy alloys. Using calibration dependences, the quantitative composition of the glasses is determined with an accuracy of ±0.0002 for parameters x and y in a surface layer ∼0.1 µm deep

  11. « The Male Dancer in the Middle East and Central Asia ». Dance Research Journal, 38/1&2, summer & winter 2006, pp. 137-162. [Les danseurs au Moyen Orient et en Asie Centrale

    OpenAIRE

    Fāṭemī, Sāsān

    2008-01-01

    Un article très intéressant sur la danse orientale et son rapport avec la sexualité. Après une introduction sur la différence entre le comportement homosexuel et l’identité homosexuelle, l’A. contredit le jugement ethnocentrique des observateurs occidentaux qui identifiaient les danseurs orientaux à des homosexuels, jugeant leur gestuelle comme efféminée. L’activité sexuelle des garçons danseurs aux Moyen Orient et en Asie Centrale étant très souvent leur source de revenue, ils ne la choisiss...

  12. L’Asie insulaire, forte exportatrice de main-d’oeuvre féminine possède-t-elle un système migratoire propre ? Les cas indonésien, philippin et sri-lankais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Husson

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available L'Asie insulaire, forte exportatrice de main-d'oeuvre féminine possède-t-elle un système migratoire propre ? Les cas indonésien, philippin et sri-lankais.Les migrations de travail ont une longue tradition en Asie. Instaurées par les puissances coloniales européennes par le biais des contrats de travail, après l'abolition de l'esclavage, elles ont ainsi favorisé l'expansion de deux solides diasporas, l'une chinoise, l'autre indienne.Ce vaste continent qui abrite désormais 60 % de la population mondiale et les deux tiers de la force de travail mondiale demeure, pour longtemps encore, une zone de très forte mobilité.Trois pays, dont deux archipels et une île, les Philippines, l'Indonésie et le Sri Lanka, sont devenus, en l'espace d'une à trois décennies, les principaux exportateurs de main-d'œuvre à l'échelle mondiale. Ces politiques migratoires visent d'une part à réduire la pauvreté et le chômage et d'autre part à accroître les indispensables rentrées de devises par le biais des transferts financiers des migrants.La féminisation des flux migratoires est particulièrement marquée en Asie insulaire où la proportion de femmes avoisine les 70 % du total des migrantsThe labour migration have a long tradition in Asia. Migration, which were introduced by European colonial powers (through employment contracts, after the abolition of slavery, have encouraged the expansion of two solid diasporas, 'One China, one Indian. This vast continent, home now 60% of the world's population and two thirds of the global labor force, remains for a long time, a zone of very high mobility. Three countries, including two archipelagos and one island, the Philippines, Indonesia and Sri Lanka are now in the space of one to three decades, the main exporters of labour globally . The objective of these policies migration is a part of reducing poverty and unemployment, and secondly to increase the necessary cash currency,with financial transfers of

  13. Serological diagnosis of untreated early syphilis. Importance of the differences in THA, TPHA, and VDRL test titres.

    OpenAIRE

    Sequeira, P J

    1983-01-01

    The treponemal haemagglutination (THA) test has been used for 11 years as a routine test for syphilis at a central serology laboratory. Among patients with untreated early syphilis the antibodies detected by the THA test usually appeared later or were of relatively lower titre than those detected by the reagin tests. This finding was confirmed by follow up of patients and by replies to questionnaires and has been incorporated in a computer program. During 1981, using the results obtained on u...

  14. Balcı, Bayram, Missionnaires de l'Islam en Asie centrale. Les écoles turques de Fethullah Gülen, Istanbul-Paris, Institut Français d’Etudes Anatoliennes – Maisonneuve et Larose, 2003.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élizabeth Picard

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Au lendemain de la chute de l’Union Soviétique, la Turquie avait nourri de vastes ambitions en Asie centrale, dont la revue CEMOTI avait alors cerné l’intérêt dans une livraison (n° 14 de 1992 intitulée « La Turquie et l’aire turque dans la nouvelle configuration régionale et internationale ». Au début de son ouvrage passionnant, tiré d’une thèse de doctorat, Bayram Balcı rappelle lui aussi ces ambitions, en les inscrivant dans un riche passé dont la mémoire se nourrit du thème récurrent de ...

  15. Relationship between Plant Height, ASI and Ear Traits and Drought Resistance of Transgenic Corn%转基因玉米株高、ASI和穗部性状与抗旱性的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宝成; 刘成; 王天宇; 黎裕; 张登峰; 李亮; 唐怀君; 石云素; 宋燕春

    2012-01-01

    [目的]干旱是限制我国玉米生产的主要因素,利用转基因技术可有效提高玉米抗旱育种效率.对转基因玉米材料进行抗旱性鉴定评价,为筛选转基因玉米抗旱种质和转基因玉米抗旱育种提供科学依据.[方法]通过开花期干旱胁迫的方法,对61份转基因玉米材料进行抗旱性鉴定评价,研究转基因玉米材料ASI(散粉至吐丝的间隔期,天)、株高、产量与抗旱性的关系,受旱后粒重和穗重、轴粗和穗粗、百粒体积和百粒重等比值的变化;以及在受体基础上通过转基因提高玉米抗旱性的效果.[结果]正常灌水条件下株体适当、产量较高,而在受旱后株高下降少、ASI小的转基因玉米材料通常有较强的抗旱性,这与以往非转基因玉米的研究结果一致;无论受旱与否,玉米的穗粗和轴粗、穗重和粒重、百粒体积和百粒重之间存在显著的正比关系.[结论]转基因玉米的抗旱性在其受体基础上可提高25% ~53%,突破果穗和籽粒之间的正比关系可能是大幅提高玉米产量的一条关键途径.%[ Objective ] Drought is one of major factors to restrict China's corn production, and the application of transgenic technology can effectively improve the efficiency of corn drought breeding. [Method] Through the drought stress in period of flowering, and taking identification and evaluation of drought resistance on 61 transgenic corn materials, this paper studied the relationship between transgenic corn ASI, plant height, the yield and drought resistance, the change of these ratio on the kernel weight and ear weight, cob diameter and ear diameter, 100 - kernel volume and 100 - kernel weight affected by drought, and die effect of improving the drought resistance of corn by transgenosis on the basis of its receptor. [ Result] The experiments'results showed that in normal irrigation conditions, the yield was higher, but when affected by the drought later, die plant

  16. 应用土壤养分状况系统研究法指导香草兰施肥的试验研究%Application of ASI on Fertilization Technology in Vanilla

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华; 朱自慧; 庄辉发; 赵青云; 王辉

    2013-01-01

      以香草兰(Vanilla planifolia Andrews)作为指示作物,应用土壤养分系统研究法(ASI法)对海南省万宁市中国热带农业科学院香料饮料研究所槟榔-香草兰间作园土壤养分进行分析、评价,结果表明:土壤中N、K、Ca和Mg极度亏缺,亏缺顺序为Ca>N>K>Mg;针对香草兰营养特性和种植园土壤养分状况,建议应多施用碱性和中性肥料,如钙镁磷肥、尿素、氯化钾等,以补充N、P、K、Ca、Mg等元素的亏缺.ASI法应用于指导香草兰施肥,对S和P的临界值需根据香草兰的营养特性进行相应的矫正,以提高适用性.%The soil nutrients of the betel nut intercropping vanilla plantation in Institute of Spice and Beverage Research, CATAS were evaluated by the soil nutrient systematic approach (ASI) with the vanilla as an indicating crop. The results indicated that the nutrients of N, K, Ca and Mg in the plantation were in a very low level, and in the order of Ca>N>K>Mg. The alkaline and neutral fertilizers such as calcium magnesium phosphate, urea, potassium chloride should be used in the plantation so that the nutrients of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and other elements could be supplemented according to vanilla nutritional characteristics. The ASI is appli-cable in the research of vanilla, but the S and P threshold values should be corrected according to vanilla nutritional character-istics so as to improve its suitability.

  17. Selection strategies of segregant soybean populations for resistance to Asian rust Estratégias de seleção de populações segregantes de soja para resistência à ferrugem-asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliny Simony Ribeiro

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify the best selection strategies for the more promising parental combinations to obtain lines with good resistance to soybean Asian rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Two experiments were carried out in the field during the 2006/2007 and 2007/2008 growing seasons, to determine the percentage of infected leaf area of individual plants of five parents and their segregant F2 and F3 populations. The data obtained indicates that additive genetic variance predominates in the control of soybean resistance to Asian rust, and that the year and time of assessment do not significantly influence the estimates of the genetic parameters obtained. The narrow-sense heritability (h²r ranged from 23.12 to 55.83%, and indicates the possibility of successful selection of resistant individuals in the early generations of the breeding program. All the procedures used to select the most promising populations to generate superior inbred lines for resistance to P. pachyrhizi presented similar results and identified the BR01-18437 x BRS 232 population as the best for inbred line selection.O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as estratégias mais eficientes para selecionar as combinações parentais mais promissoras e obter linhas com bom grau de resistência à ferrugem-asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Dois experimentos foram realizados em campo nos anos agrícolas 2006/2007 e 2007/2008, para avaliar a percentagem da área foliar infectada em plantas individuais de cinco parentais e das suas populações segregantes F2 e F3. Os dados obtidos indicam que a variância genética aditiva predomina no controle da resistência da soja à ferrugem-asiática e que os anos e as épocas de avaliação não influenciaram significativamente as estimativas dos parâmetros genéticos obtidos. A herdabilidade no sentido restrito (h²r variou de 23,12 a 55,83%, o que indica a possibilidade de sucesso com a seleção de indiv

  18. 0.6-eV bandgap In0.69Ga0.31As thermophotovoltaic devices with compositionally undulating step-graded InAsyP1-ybuffers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Lian; Lu Shu-Long; Jiang De-Sheng; Zhao Yong-Ming; Tan Ming; Zhu Ya-Qi; Dong Jian-Rong

    2013-01-01

    Single-junction,lattice-mismatched In0.69Ga0.31 As thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices each with a bandgap of 0.6 eV are grown on InP substrate by metal-organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD).Compositionally undulating stepgraded InAsyPl-y buffer layers with a lattice mismatch of ~ 1.2% are used to mitigate the effect of lattice mismatch between the device layers and the InP substrate.With an optimized buffer thickness,the In0.69Ga0.31 As active layers grown on the buffer display a high crystal quality with no measurable tetragonal distortion.High-performance single-junction devices are demonstrated,with an open-circuit voltage of 0.215 V and a photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 6.9% at a short-circuit current density of 47.6 mA/cm2,which are measured under the standard solar simulator of air mass 1.5-global (AM 1.5 G).

  19. Study and Simulation of the Heterojunction Thin Film Solar Cell a-Si( n)/a-Si( i)/c-Si( p)/a-Si( i)/a-Si( p)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toufik, Zarede; Hamza, Lidjici; Mohamed, Fathi; Achour, Mahrane

    2016-08-01

    In this article, we present a study based on numerical simulation of the electrical characteristics of a thin-film heterojunction solar cell (a-Si( n)/a-Si( i)/c-Si( p)/a-Si( i)/a-Si( p)), using the automat for simulation of hetero-structures (AFORS-Het) software. This cell is composed of four main layers of silicon (Si): (i) 5 nm amorphous silicon doped n, (ii) 100 μm crystalline silicon (substrate) doped p, (iii) 5 nm amorphous silicon doped p, and (iv) 3 nm amorphous silicon intrinsic. This cell has a front and rear metal contact of aluminum and zinc oxide (ZnO) front layer transparent conductive oxide of 80 nm thickness. The simulations were performed at conditions of "One Sun" irradiation with air mass 1.5 (AM1.5), and under absolute temperature T = 300 K. The simulation results have shown a high electrical conversion efficiency of about 30.29% and high values of open circuit voltage V oc = 779 mV. This study has also shown that the studied cell has good quality light absorption on a very broad spectrum.

  20. Comparative study on hydrostatic strain, stress and dislocation density of Al0.3Ga0.7N/GaN heterostructure before and after a-Si3N4 passivation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hydrostatic strain, stress and dislocation densities were comparatively analyzed before and after passivation of amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si3N4) layer on Al0.3Ga0.7N/GaN heterostructure by nondestructive high resolution x-ray diffraction (HRXRD) technique. The crystalline quality, in-plane and out-of plane strain were evaluated from triple-axis (TA) (ω-2θ) diffraction profile across the (002) reflection plane and double-axis (DA) (ω-2θ) glancing incidence (GI) diffraction profile across (105) reflection plane. The hydrostatic strain and stress of Al0.3Ga0.7N barrier layer were increased significantly after passivation and both are tensile in nature. The dislocation density of GaN was also analyzed and no significant change was observed after passivation of the heterostructure. The crystalline quality was not degraded after passivation on the heterostructure confirmed by the full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) analysis

  1. 0.6-eV bandgap In0.69Ga0.31As thermophotovoltaic devices with compositionally undulating step-graded InAsyP1−ybuffers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Single-junction, lattice-mismatched In0.69Ga0.31As thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices each with abandgap of 0.6 eV are grown on InP substrate by metal—organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD). Compositionally undulating step-graded InAsyP1−y buffer layers with a lattice mismatch of ∼1.2% are used to mitigate the effect of lattice mismatch between the device layers and the InP substrate. With an optimized buffer thickness, the In0.69Ga0.31As active layers grown on the buffer display a high crystal quality with no measurable tetragonal distortion. High-performance single-junction devices are demonstrated, with an open-circuit voltage of 0.215 V and a photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 6.9% at a short-circuit current density of 47.6 mA/cm2, which are measured underthe standard solar simulator of air mass 1.5-global (AM 1.5 G). (condensed matter: structural, mechanical, and thermal properties)

  2. Controle da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da soja após pulverizações de piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole em diferentes estádios fenológicos da cultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Henrique Ferreira do Amaral Dal Pogetto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliado o desenvolvimento da ferrugem asiática e da produtividade da cultura da soja em razão de pulverizações fungicidas realizadas em diferentes estádios fenológicos da cultura. Os tratamentos consistiram na pulverização da mistura fungicida piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole no estádio fenológico V10 e R2; R2 e R5.2; apenas em R2; sem pulverização (testemunha. Os valores da AACPD total (área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença e da produtividade da cultura da soja nos tratamentos com pulverização fungicida foram superiores ao tratamento testemunha. Até o 117º dia após a emergência das plantas, a aplicação de fungicida em V10 e R2 promoveu maior controle da ferrugem. Os resultados evidenciaram que a pulverização fungicida contra P. pachyrhizi é indispensável para diminuir as perdas na produtividade provocadas pela doença e que, em algumas situações, apenas uma pulverização fungicida no estádio R2 pode reduzir perdas significativas na produtividade.

  3. Efeito do número de aplicações de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja = Effect of the number of fungicide applications on the control of Asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Bandeira Barros

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do número de aplicações foliares de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática, em cultivares de soja. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2003/04, em Viçosa, Estado de Minas Gerais. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram: testemunha sem aplicação, uma aplicação realizada no estádio R5, duas aplicações (R4 e R6 e três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6, utilizando-se a mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole e carbendazin. Após a analise de variância e teste de médias, verificaram-se reduções significativas de 91,6 e 97,5% naseveridade de ferrugem asiática e de 100 e 86,8% na porcentagem de desfolha, no tratamento de três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6 da mistura dos fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, nas cultivares Vencedora e Conquista, respectivamente. Houve retardamento do ciclo, redução na porcentagem de abortamento de vagens e aumento no massa de 100 sementes nos tratamentos com aplicações de fungicidas em ambas as variedades. Altas produtividades foram obtidas nos tratamentos com três aplicações da mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, não sendo, entretanto, verificadas diferenças significativas entre os tratamentos com uma, duas ou três aplicações do fungicida carbendazin.This work aimed to evaluate the effect of the number of leafapplications of fungicides on the control of the Asian soybean rust. The experiment was carried out at the 2003/04 cropping season, in Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experimental design was a randomized block design, consisting of four replicates. The following treatments: control without application, one application at stage R5; two applications at R4 and R6; and three applications at R4, R5 and R6. The fungicides pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole and carbendazin. After it analyzes her of variance and test of averages, it was

  4. A refletância na estimativa do efeito de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja The reflectance in the estimate of the effect of fungicides in the control of asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre José da Silva

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Medidas de refletância têm apresentado resultados eficientes para avaliar a eficiência de fungicidas, além de ser um método prático e rápido. O objetivo do trabalho foi comparar medidas de refletância com o método de avaliação visual para avaliar a eficiência de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja e quantificar a relação com a produtividade. O ensaio foi instalado na Fazenda Escola da UEL, cv. BRS 133, em delineamento de blocos ao acaso com 07 diferentes fungicidas, em 04 repetições. Foram realizadas duas pulverizações, sendo a 1º no estádio R2 (3% de severidade e a segunda em R5.1, 20 dias após. Avaliou-se visualmente a severidade de ferrugem asiática e calculou-se a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD. Também, avaliou-se a produtividade final e a percentagem de radiação solar em 810 nm (R810 com o uso de radiômetro de multiespectro e calculou-se a área abaixo da curva de progresso da radiação (AACPR. O coeficiente de determinação (R2 para regressão entre as variáveis AACPD x produtividade foi 0,79, entre AACPR x produtividade foi 0,90 e AACPD x AACPR foi 0,89. A utilização de refletância (R810 permitiu a separação dos tratamentos fungicidas em três grupos distintos, sendo epoxiconazol com menor eficiência, metconazol, tebuconazol e piraclostrobina + epoxiconazol foram classificados como intermediários e os mais eficientes foram, azoxistrobina + ciproconazol e picoxistrobina + ciproconazol.Measurement of reflectance has been shown an efficient, pratical and quick method to evaluate the efficiency of fungicides, in disease control. The objective of the work was to compare the use of reflectance measurement with visual disease assessment method to evaluate the efficiency of fungicides for the controlling Asian soybean rust relating the assessment data with yield. The assay was carried out in the Farm School of UEL, with the soybean cv. BRS 133, in randomized block design

  5. Les défis du secteur de l’énergie en Europe de l’Est et en Asie centrale : une évaluation de 18 ans de coopération économique suisse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Bonvin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Secrétariat d’Etat à l’économie (SECO suisse travaille depuis 1992 dans les secteurs de l’énergie d’Europe de l’Est et d’Asie centrale, où il a financé 41 projets pour un total de 316 millions CHF. En 2009, une évaluation indépendante a été commandée afin d’établir les effets de ces projets dans la région et d’en tirer des enseignements pour le financement de projets ultérieurs. Le rapport d’évaluation estime que les projets sont très satisfaisants en termes de pertinence ; satisfaisants en termes d’efficacité et de durabilité ; et, en raison de facteurs externes liés à la gouvernance, à la transparence et à la stabilité politique dans certains des pays, généralement peu satisfaisants en termes d’efficience. Les enseignements tirés des projets fructueux serviront à améliorer les interventions futures. Les gouvernements disposent de moyens financiers limités et tentent de trouver un équilibre entre la sécurité énergétique et la durabilité environnementale. Le SECO soutiendra cette mission en contribuant à réduire la consommation inefficiente, à augmenter la part des énergies renouvelables, à renforcer la durabilité des entreprises de service public et à élaborer des politiques énergétiques efficaces.

  6. L’assistance juridique japonaise aux pays dits « émergents » d’Asie Japanese Legal Technical Assistance to Emerging Countries in Asia. A Contribution to the Pluralistic Approach to the Circulation of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Giraudou

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Fort d’un système normatif à la croisée de plusieurs traditions juridiques, le Japon entend participer plus résolument au développement actuel des modes de circulation du droit via notamment sa poli­tique de coopération internationale en matière d’assistance juridique et judiciaire aux pays émergents d’Asie. Cet article examine les particularités de la politique japonaise d’assistance en prenant appui sur des réflexions plus larges concernant les modalités contemporaines d’interaction des normes et le renouvellement des processus d’élaboration du droit. Cela permet de cerner les contradictions d’une assistance juridique conçue à la fois comme outil d’uniformisation du droit et instrument de coordination normative, au service d’une approche pluraliste de la circulation des normes.On the strength of a legal system stemming from various traditions of law, Japan is trying to participate more actively in the current development of the circulation of law, especially through its policy of international cooperation in the field of legal technical assistance and judicial assistance to emerging countries in Asia. This paper scrutinizes the specificities of the Japanese policy in the field drawing on broader analyses about contemporary means of interaction between norms and the reshaping of the processes by which law is elaborated. This may help shed some light on the contradictions of a form legal technical assistance that is conceived both as a tool for the standardization of law and a device that facilitates the coordination of laws at the service of an approach of legal pluralism.

  7. L’anglicité dans la fiction de l’Asie du sud-est : les exemples de Paul Theroux et de Yasmine Gooneratne Englishness in South-East Asian Fiction: the Cases of Paul Theroux and Yasmine Gooneratne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüdiger Ahrens

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available De nos jours, la notion d’anglicité est devenue cruciale tant pour le Royaume-Uni que pour les nombreux pays du monde, dans lesquels vivent des citoyens libres et indépendants, qui participent à sa définition. La relation à la culture anglophone, en particulier en Asie, est le produit de l’histoire, et les relations politiques qu’entretiennent les pays indépendants avec l’ancienne métropole se déclinent de façon extrêmement variée, tant dans leur relation à la langue anglaise en tant que moyen de communication que dans la notion d’ethnicité. Le roman de Paul Theroux, Kowloon Tong (1998, en est un bon exemple. Il explore les conséquences du retrait brutal et affligeant d’une compagnie de textile anglais lors de la cession de Hong Kong à la Chine en 1997. Alliant les genres du roman historique, détective et sentimental, il met en scène l’opposition entre les valeurs traditionnelles britanniques qui se retirent et celles de la nouvelle classe dominante chinoise. Yasmine Gooneratne, écrivain du Sri Lanka, insiste, elle aussi, sur les conflits culturels, soit en s’inspirant du thème de son propre déplacement de Colombo à Sydney, en opposant au tourisme de masse les formes enchanteresses du folklore d’autrefois, ou encore en proposant une rencontre entre un riche héritage colonial et l’indépendance toute récente du Sri Lanka des années cinquante et soixante. Ainsi se creuse chez les écrivains contemporains une distance grandissante vis-à-vis de ce que furent au cours des siècles passés les valeurs incontestées de l’anglicité.

  8. Histoire des migrations et ethnicité à partir d’une réflexion en Asie du Sud-Est The history of migration and ethnicity from a South East Asian perspective. Towards an anthropology of borders?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Ivanoff

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Les mouvements multiformes de populations en Asie du Sud-Est, sont le résultat de guerres, de tracés de frontières, de conflits ethniques… Réfugiés, immigrés (légaux et illégaux ou déplacés, on ne compte plus les problèmes des États de la région pour gérer les flux de populations, notamment transfrontaliers. Ces derniers, de plus en plus importants, résultent de la conjonction de plusieurs facteurs, notamment l’ouverture des pays au commerce, la volonté de « régionaliser » l’Asie du Sud-Est et les déséquilibres économiques entre les pays. Pourquoi et comment les frontières modernes facilitent ces mouvements de populations, de quelques milliers de nomades vivant sur les frontières de plusieurs pays à des millions de travailleurs illégaux venus chercher un avenir dans un pays d’accueil. Par exemple, en dépit de l’imposition de règles administratives de plus en plus contraignantes, la porosité des frontières et les réseaux multiséculaires de certaines régions permettent une « inflation » des mouvements de populations. En trente ans, le nombre de réfugiés et de travailleurs immigrés dans le sud de la Thaïlande est passé de quelques centaines de milliers à plusieurs millions. La question des minorités se pose moins en termes de chiffres que d’identité. Les États-nations de la région n’arrivent pas à intégrer leurs populations frontalières. Les questions essentielles – qui est citoyen de tel ou tel pays et selon quels critères – sont loin d’être résolues. Les agences nationales et les Ong ont mis en œuvre des moyens pour gérer le flux et l’ambiguïté délibérément maintenue par les gouvernements sur des statuts des réfugiés et des travailleurs illégaux pour contrôler, selon leurs besoins, ces millions de personnes. Quels sont les facteurs déterminants qui entraînent ces déplacés vers des rêves souvent illusoires et dans des filières de plus en plus

  9. Multifunctional a-Si PV systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peippo, K.; Lund, P.; Vartiainen, E. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Advanced Energy Systems

    1998-10-01

    The optimal use of the various forms of solar energy (passive, active, daylighting, photovoltaics) in buildings calls for an optimal integration of the technologies. As energy conservation potential in space heating may soon be exhausted, electricity efficiency and on-site generation will play an increasing role in energy-conscious building design. There, dispersed PV systems integrated into buildings show a significant market potential, due to a number of benefits: no extra land area is required, PV-array may replace conventional cladding materials and become a building element. Moreover, the produced PV-electricity is more valuable for the building owner than for an electric utility

  10. Asi pole ju ugrimugris / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese esinemist Hantõ-Mansiiskis toimunud soome-ugri maailmakongressil ning leiab, et kui president oleks oma kõne pidanud inglise keele asemel eesti või vene keeles, oleks ülistanud soome-ugri rahvaste õitsengut Venemaal ning poleks saalist lahkunud Venemaa riigiduuma väliskomisjoni esimehe Konstantin Kossatshovi kõne ajal, ei oleks see muutnud Venemaa hoiakut Eesti suhtes tervikuna. Autor leiab, et võibolla pööras maailm tänu Eesti presidendi pisukesele demaršile natuke tähelepanu soome-ugri rahvaste olukorrale Venemaal. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Venemaal 27.-30.06.2008

  11. Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics Database: ASIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics (HIS) is a National Park Service (NPS) Water Resources Division (WRD) project established to track certain goals created in...

  12. Asi on otsustatud / [Sildnik, Sven] Kivisildnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivisildnik, pseud., 1964-

    2007-01-01

    18. märtsil 2007 kehtima hakanud UNESCO kultuuri väljendusvormide mitmekesisuse kaitse ja edendamise konventsioonist (Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions)

  13. Sistemas de explotação de seringueira utilizados em clones asiáticos Prang Besar no Oeste paulista Rubber tree exploitation systems utilized in asian clones Prang Besar, in the West of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Quarteroli Silva

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho produtivo e os aspectos fisiológicos e econômicos de quatro clones asiáticos Prang Besar de seringueira [Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss. Muell. Arg.], sob diferentes sistemas de sangria. O experimento foi instalado na Fazenda Santa Gilda, Município de Guararapes, SP, em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com parcelas subdivididas no tempo. Os tratamentos principais foram os clones PB 260, PB 235, PB 330 e PB 217, submetidos a nove sistemas de sangria: ½S d/3.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/3.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y e ½S d/2 (testemunha. As variáveis avaliadas foram: perímetro do caule, produção de borracha seca, secamento do painel; foi avaliada, também, a viabilidade econômica. Os resultados mostram a superioridade econômica dos sistemas ½S d/5.ET 2,5% 8/y e ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y, para o clone PB 260; ½S d/7.ET 2,5% 8/y para o clone PB 235; e ½S d/3.ET 2,5% 8/y e ½S d/3.ET 5% 8/y, para os clones PB 330 e PB 217, comparados com a testemunha. A menor incidência de secamento do painel foi observada no sistema ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y, exceto para o clone PB 235.The objective of this work was to evaluate the yield performance, and economic and physiologic aspects of four Asian clones Prang Besar of rubber tree [Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss. Muell. Arg.], in different tapping systems. The trial was placed at Santa Gilda farm, City of Guararapes, São Paulo State, Brazil, in a randomized block design with split-plot in time. The main treatments were PB 260, PB 235, PB 330 and PB 217 clones submitted to nine systems of tapping: ½S d/3.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/3.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y and ½S d/2 (check. The variables evaluated were: girth increment, dry rubber production, brown bast; it

  14. Infecção por clonorchis sinensis em imigrantes asiáticos no Brasil: tratamento com praziquantel Clonorchis sinensis infection in asian immigrants in Brazil: treatment with praziquantel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. H. M. Leite

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudaram-se quinze pacientes com infecção assintomática por Clonorchis sinensis, revelada através de exame parasitológico de fezes. Todos eram de origem asiática e procuraram o Laboratório Central do Instituto Adolfo Lutz para se submeterem a exames laboratoriais necessários à regularização de sua situação, face à nova legislação sobre imigrantes. Eram todos indivíduos adultos, seis pertencendo ao sexo feminino e nove ao masculino. Os quinze pacientes com clonorquíase foram internados no Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP e tratados com Praziquantel, na dosagem de 60 mg/kg de peso corporal, dividida em duas tomadas. Foram realizados exames coprológicos quantitativos (método de Kato-Katz, antes do tratamento específico e no 15º, 30º e 60º dias após a terapêutica. Na última avaliação (60? dia após terapêutica, em nove pacientes (60,0% não se encontraram ovos do trematódeo nas fezes e nos seis (40,0%, que continuavam eliminando ovos, notou-se redução na quantidade eliminada (superior a 90% em cinco e a 30% no paciente restante. Os pacientes foram também submetidos a exames subsidiários, para avaliação do estado geral e função hepática, antes da administração de Praziquantel e, posteriormente, no seguimento ambulatorial. A medicação foi relativamente bem tolerada pelos pacientes, verificando-se a ocorrência de efeitos colaterais representados por náuseas e vômitos (dois casos, vertigens e tonturas (dois casos, epigastralgia (dois casos e diarréia no 3? dia após tratamento (um caso.Fifteen adult patients with assymptomatic infection due to Clonorchis sinensis, diagnosed by coprological examination, were studied. They all came from Asia (twelve from Taiwan, two from South Korea and one from Hong Kong and were examined at the Adolfo Lutz Institute and the Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, in São Paulo, Brazil. Six patients were women and nine men. All

  15. Testing Comparison between OMEGA TPHA and FUJIREBIO TPPA and Points for Attention%OMEGA TPHA与FUJIREBIO TPPA实验比较及注意事项

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志俊; 徐素荣

    2003-01-01

    梅毒螺旋体(TP)的检测是国际旅行卫生体检中必不可少的项目,是国际移民组织(TMO)推荐检查的三种传染病之一,其初筛实验简单,而确认实验(TPHA与TPPA)中有很多注意事项,本文简要介绍了两种确认实验的原理、试剂盒组成、实验步骤、结果观察与报告以及实验注意事项,并对检测中常见的问题进行了探讨,供卫生检疫实验室人员参考.

  16. RPR与TPHA法检测梅毒螺旋体的比较与应用%The contrase and application of assaying treponema palidum on RPR and TPHA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖; 刘积平; 王葆琦; 汪洋

    2003-01-01

    @@ 梅毒螺旋体存在于病人的血液或脑脊液内,在人工培养基或组织培养中不能生长.当梅毒螺旋体进入人体3~6周后,可在病人血清中检测出两种抗体,一种是针对非螺旋体抗原的抗体,应用RPR试验(rapid plasma regain cirde card test快速血浆反应素环状卡片试验)检测;另一种是针对螺旋体抗原的抗体,应用TPHA试验(treponema palidum hemagglutination assay)检测.本文就2000年9月~2001年9月在我院检验结果进行分析现报告如下.

  17. STATUS GIZI MIKRO BAYI DENGAN JENIS MAKANAN PENDAMPING ASI (MP-ASI BERBEDA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukati Saladin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Micronutrient Status of Infants With Different Kind of Complementary Feeding In Bogor District.Background: Breast milk as the main resource of nutrient intake for infants is sufficient only within the first six months period of their life. However for the next period it is necessary to be completed their nutrient intake by supplementary feeding since the excretion of breast milk become decreased.Objectives: To find out the figure of micronutrients status (vitamin A and iron based on serum retinol and hemoglobin (Hb and nutrition status (weight for age and length for age of infants consuming supplementary feeding made by mother at household level compare to those who received manufactured product.Methods: The design of the study is cross-sectional. The subjects of study were healthy infant, 2-10 months old, consuming breast milk and supplementary feeding.Results: There was no significant difference of the average of serum retinol of infants less than 6 months old received supplementary feeding made by mother (0.62 ± 0.2181 umol/L and those of manufactured product (0.71 ± 0.2051 umol/L.There was no significant difference of Hb value of both groups (10.4 ± 0.790 g/dl compared 10.6 ± 1.191 g/dl. According to z-score point there was also no significant difference of nutrition status based on indexes of weight for age (+ 0.010 ± 0.983 compared + 0.067 ± 1.029 and length for age (-0.510 ± 1.291 compared - 0.409 ±1 .291 of infants received supplementary feeding made by mother compared to those of manufactured. The average of serum retinol of infants >6 months old received manufactured supplementary feeding was significantly higher (p < 0.05 than those of made by mother (0.81 ± 0.258 umol/L compared 0.64 ± 0.218 umol/L. There was no significant difference (p>0.05 of Hb value of infants received supplementary feeding made by mother and those of manufactured (10.5 ± 1.210 g/dl compared 10.7 ± 1.195 g/dl. Z-score point showed significant difference of nutrition status based on indexes of weight for age (0.323 ± 1.163 compared - 0.914 ± 0.896 and length for age (- 0.559 ± 1.184 compared 1.242 ± 0.844 of infants received manufactured supplementary feeding compare to those of made by mother.Conclusions: The effect of manufactured supplementary feeding was significantly better to improve micronutrient status especially serum retinol and nutrition status based on weight for age and length for age of infant >= 6 months old than those of made by mother.Keywords: micronutrient status, nutrition status, supplementary feeding.

  18. ASIS Thesaurus of Information Science and Librarianship. ASIS Monograph Series. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milstead, Jessica L., Ed.

    This thesaurus covers the fields of information science and librarianship to a depth that will adequately support indexing, with coverage of related and peripheral fields as warranted by the strength of their relationship to information science and librarianship. Among the related fields are computer science, linguistics, and behavioral and…

  19. Fatores preditivos de incapacidades em pacientes com hanseníase Factores predictivos de incapacidades en pacientes con hanseníasis Predictive factors of disability in patients with leprosy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Diniz Gonçalves

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO:Analisar os fatores preditivos na evolução do grau de incapacidade em pacientes com hanseníase. MÉTODOS:Foram analisados dados de coorte retrospectiva, que acompanhou 595 pacientes com incapacidades, registrados em uma unidade de saúde de Belo Horizonte (MG, de 1993 a 2003. Informações sociodemográficas e clínicas dos pacientes foram coletadas dos respectivos prontuários. Comparou-se o grau de incapacidade na admissão e no final do tratamento por meio do teste de homogeneidade marginal. Para identificar os fatores associados à evolução do grau de incapacidade foram utilizadas as análises univariada (teste qui-quadrado de tendência linear e multivariada pelo algoritmo Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector. RESULTADOS:Dos casos com registro de grau de incapacidade na admissão e na alta, observou-se que 43,2% que tinham grau 1 na primeira avaliação evoluíram para grau 0. Dos que apresentavam grau 2, 21,3% passaram a ter grau 0 e 20% passaram a grau 1. Na análise univariada as variáveis que se mostraram estatisticamente associadas à evolução no grau de incapacidade foram: neurite, tempo até a ocorrência de neurite, número de nervos acometidos, tipo de tratamento fisioterápico e maior dose de prednisona. Na análise multivariada, o principal fator que se associou à evolução do grau de incapacidade foi o grau de incapacidade na admissão. CONCLUSÕES:Os resultados mostraram a importância do diagnóstico precoce de neuropatia, assim como da eficiente associação das intervenções medicamentosas e não-medicamentosas por meio das técnicas de prevenção de incapacidade e dosagens adequadas de corticoterapia.OBJETIVO: Analizar los factores predictivos en la evolución del grado de incapacidad en pacientes con hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Fueron analizados datos de cohorte retrospectiva, que acompañó 595 pacientes con incapacidades, registrados en una unidad de salud de Belo Horizonte (Sureste de Brasil, de

  20. Controle da hanseníase no Estado de São Paulo: análise histórica Control de la hanseníasis en el Estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil: análisis histórico Hansen's disease control in the State of São Paulo: a historical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Araujo Opromolla

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Para controle da hanseníase, doença infectocontagiosa conhecida desde os tempos bíblicos, são mostradas as intrincadas convergências de histórias nacionais, de políticas médicas, governamentais e internacionais. O estudo descreve a história e as ações de controle da hanseníase, a partir do começo do século XIX, no estado de São Paulo, e sua conexão com o desenvolvimento da saúde pública, utilizando análises bibliográficas e documentais.Para control de la hanseníasis, enfermedad infectocontagiosa conocida desde los tiempos bíblicos, se muestran las intrincadas convergencias de historias brasileñas, de políticas médicas, gubernamentales e internacionales. El estudio describe la historia y las acciones de control de la hanseníasis, a partir del comienzo del siglo XIX, en el estado de Sao Paulo, y su conexión con el desarrollo de la salud pública, utilizando análisis bibliográficas y documentales.Leprosy is an infectious contagious disease known since Biblical times. Global effort for disease control reveals intricate convergences of national history and of medical, governmental, and international policies. The study describes the history of Hansen's disease and control actions undertaken in the state of São Paulo starting in the 19th century and its connection with the development of public health in that state, by means of a bibliographic and documental analysis.

  1. Dengue in Southeast Asia: epidemiological characteristics and strategic challenges in disease prevention Dengue no Sudeste Asiático: características epidemiológicas e desafios estratégicos na prevenção da doença

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eng-Eong Ooi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Dengue emerged as a public health burden in Southeast Asia during and following the Second World War and has become increasingly important, with progressively longer and more frequent cyclical epidemics of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever. Despite this trend, surveillance for this vector-borne viral disease remains largely passive in most Southeast Asian countries, without adequate laboratory support. We review here the factors that may have contributed to the changing epidemiology of dengue in Southeast Asia as well as challenges of disease prevention. We also discuss a regional approach to active dengue virus surveillance, focusing on urban areas where the viruses are maintained, which may be a solution to limited financial resources since most of the countries in the region have developing economies. A regional approach would also result in a greater likelihood of success in disease prevention since the large volume of human travel is a major factor contributing to the geographical spread of dengue viruses.A dengue emergiu como problema de saúde pública no Sudeste Asiático durante e após a Segunda Guerra Mundial, e vem se agravando cada vez mais, com epidemias cíclicas progressivamente mais longas e freqüentes de dengue e de febre hemorrágica da dengue. Apesar dessa tendência, a vigilância dessa virose transmitida por vetores permanece basicamente passiva na maioria dos países do Sudeste Asiático, sem apoio laboratorial adequado. O artigo apresenta uma revisão dos fatores que podem ter contribuído para a mudança no perfil epidemiológico da dengue na região, além de discutir os desafios para a prevenção da doença. Analisa-se também uma abordagem regional para a vigilância ativa dos vírus da dengue, focando as áreas urbanas onde eles se mantêm, o que pode representar uma solução à limitação de recursos financeiros, uma vez que a maioria dos pa��ses da região tem economias em desenvolvimento. Uma abordagem

  2. Intensidade da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi H. Sydow & P. Sydow da soja [Glycine max (L. Merr.] nas cultivares Conquista, Savana e Suprema sob diferentes temperaturas e períodos de molhamento foliar The effects of temperature and leaf wetness periods on the development of soybean rust in the cultivars Consquista, Savana and Suprema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Carvalho Alves

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A Ferrugem Asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi H. Sydow & P. Sydow, relatada em diversas regiões do globo terrestre de climas tropicais e subtropicais, causa redução significativa na produtividade da soja [Glycine max (L. Merr.]. Fatores bióticos como interação patógeno-hospedeiro e abióticos influenciam o progresso da doença. Objetivou-se neste trabalho estudar os efeitos da temperatura e de períodos de molhamento foliar no progresso da Ferrugem Asiática nas cultivares Conquista, Savana e Suprema. O experimento foi conduzido no Departamento de Fitopatologia da Universidade Federal de Lavras, em junho de 2004, em câmaras de crescimento vegetal nas temperaturas de 15, 20, 25 e 30 °C e períodos de molhamento foliar de 0, 6, 12, 18 e 24 horas. A inoculação foi realizada pulverizando-se as plantas com suspensão de 10(4 uredósporos de P. pachyrhizi.mL-1 de água. Dados da incidência e da severidade foram utilizados para avaliar o progresso da doença e integrados por meio da área abaixo da curva de progresso da incidência (AACPI e da severidade (AACPS. Modelos de regressão não-linear foram ajustados para a AACPI e AACPS. Foi calculado o volume abaixo da superfície de resposta para incidência (VASRI e severidade (VASRS em relação à temperatura e molhamentos foliares com o objetivo de detectar diferenças entre cultivares. Molhamentos foliares acima de 15 horas e temperaturas próximas a 20 ºC, nas 3 cultivares avaliadas, determinaram maior intensidade da Ferrugem Asiática. Temperaturas próximas a 30 e 15 ºC ocasionaram menor intensidade da doença. Períodos de molhamento foliar abaixo de 6 horas reduziram a intensidade da doença. Todas as cultivares testadas foram suscetíveis à doença, entretanto, a cultivar Conquista apresentou maior VASRI e VASRS da Ferrugem Asiática comparada às cultivares Savana e Suprema, as quais não diferiram estatisticamente. Houve diferença entre as cultivares para AACPI em cada

  3. HUBUNGAN PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DENGAN KARAKTERISTIK SOSIAL, DEMOGRAFI DAN FAKTOR INFORMASI TENTANG ASI DAN MP-ASI (Studi di Kota Padang dan Kabupaten Solok Provinsi Sumatera Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermina Hermina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although the important of breast milk has been well known world wide, the number of exclusive breastfeeding is still low in most countries, including Indonesia. This research objective is to identify social demography characteristic and the influence of breast milk and weaning food information to 6 months exclusive breastfeeding in West Sumatera. Methods: Cross-sectional study design has been used. Population of this study was house holds and samples that had been chosen by simple randomized were mothers who had a baby aged 6–12 months (n = 637. Variables that had been analyzed were sample identity, information factor of breast milk and weaning food promotion and other supportive factors. To compare categorical variable which was respondent characteristic of exclusive breast milk and non-exclusive breast milk group, chi-square test had been used. Results: It is found a significant relationship between having information about breast milk and weaning food status and breastfeeding practice. Also it shows a significant relationship between colostrum feeding status and the continuing breastfeeding practice. However, there is no significant relationship between social-demography characteristic and the place of getting breast milk/weaning food information, the information for breast milk/weaning food, interpersonal contact about breast milk/weaning food and type of media information about breast milk/weaning food and breast feeding practice. Conclusion: having information of breast milk/weaning food, also colostrum feeding status are factors that influence breastfeeding status in West Sumatera. However, the place and medical birth delivery helper have less association to exclusive breast feeding practice. Key words: Exclusive breastfeeding, Breast milk and Weaning Food information, Social-demograhy Characteristic

  4. Efeito do tratamento de sementes com fungicidas e acibenzolar-S-methyl no controle da ferrugem asiática e crescimento de plântulas em cultivares de soja Effect of seed treatment with fungicides and acibenzolar-S-methyl in soybean cultivars on Asian rust control and seedlings growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Debona

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available A influência de acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM, e fungicidas aplicados via tratamento de sementes sobre a ferrugem asiática bem como o crescimento de plântulas de soja foi avaliada em experimento conduzido em casa de vegetação em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com três repetições, utilizando as cultivares de soja 'Agiara', 'M-soy 8000' e 'M-soy 8080'. Os tratamentos foram três doses de ASM (0,05; 0,1 e 0,2 g de i.a. por kg de sementes, ASM (na dose de 0,1 g de i.a. por kg de sementes combinado aos fungicidas flutriafol, pyraclostrobin e azoxystrobin, e a aplicação isolada destes, além de uma testemunha tratada com água. Os resultados mostraram redução da Área Abaixo da Curva de Progresso da Ferrugem (AACPF com o aumento da dose de ASM nas três cultivares de soja. A utilização isolada do ASM em diferentes doses proporcionou uma redução da AACPF além de apresentar, na maioria dos casos, um efeito sinérgico com os fungicidas, aumentando a eficiência de controle quando comparada às aplicações isoladas. Com exceção do ASM na menor dosagem, todos os tratamentos apresentaram controle superior a 77 % comparados à testemunha. Em geral, o tratamento de sementes com ASM e fungicidas resultou numa redução da massa seca (MS em relação à testemunha. A utilização de ASM associado a fungicidas na tentativa de atrasar a infecção da ferrugem asiática da soja nos períodos iniciais da cultura constitui-se em uma alternativa viável para redução do inóculo inicial, entretanto possíveis efeitos fitotóxicos devem ser considerados.The influence of acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM and fungicides ASM in different doses provided reduction of AUPRC as well as it applied as seed treatment on Asian rust control as well as on growth presented synergism with the fungicides, increasing the control of soybean seedlings were evaluated in a completely randomized efficiency when compared to single applications. Except for ASM experiment with

  5. Relationships between measures of reflectance and health leaf area, soybean rust severity and soybean yield/ Relação entre medidas de refletância e área foliar sadia, severidade da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da cultura da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Vieira Godoy

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to verify if some measures of reflectance could detect variations in the healthy leaf area which could be used as parameter to estimate damages in the production due to soybean rust, and to determine the influence of the disease on photosinthetic efficiency of plants under field conditions. The experiment was lead in the experimental area of Embrapa, in Londrina, PR. The experimental design was randomly blocks, with eight treatments (different fungicide application times with four replications. The fungicide used was azoxistrobin + ciproconazole (60+24 g i.a./ha + mineral oil (0.5%. The reflectance readings were made at eight wave lengths, between 460 and 810 nm, with intervals of 50 nm. It was estimated the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI, where NDVI=(810-660/ (810+660. The yield presented linear increments (P O objetivo do trabalho foi verificar se as medidas de refletância detectavam variações na área foliar sadia a fim de serem utilizadas como parâmetros para estimar danos na produção decorrentes da ferrugem asiática, bem como determinar a influência da doença na eficiência fotossintética das plantas em condições de campo. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental pertencente à Embrapa Soja, no município de Londrina, PR, utilizou-se a cultivar de soja BRS 154. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi de blocos ao acaso, com oito tratamentos (diferentes estádios de início da aplicação do fungicida com quatro repetições O produto utilizado foi azoxistrobin + ciproconazole (60+24 g i.a./ha + óleo mineral (0,5%. As leituras de refletância foram feitas em oito comprimentos de onda, de 460 a 810 nm, em intervalos de 50 nm. Calculou-se o Índice Vegetativo de Diferença Normalizada (NDVI, onde NDVI=(810-660/(810+660. A produção apresentou incremento linear (p < 0,01 com a Duração da Área Foliar Sadia (HAD (r2=37,7%, com a Absorção da Radiação Solar pela Área Foliar

  6. Electrospun a-Si using Liquid Silane/Polymer Inks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doug Schulz

    2010-12-09

    Amorphous silicon nanowires (a-SiNWs) were prepared by electrospinning cyclohexasilane (Si{sub 6}H{sub 12}) admixed with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in toluene. Raman spectroscopy characterization of these wires (d {approx} 50-2000 nm) shows 350 C treatment yields a-SiNWs. Porous a-SiNWs are obtained using a volatile polymer.

  7. Kasumlikkus kui kunst. Neurolingvistika kui hirmus keeruline asi / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Adrian Slywotzky. Kasumlikkuse kunst. Tallinn, 2003 ja Anthony Robbins. Sisemine jõud. Tartu, 2003. Vt. samas: Rets. rmt.: Leif Edvinsson. Ettevõtluse pikkuskraadid. Avastusretk teadmusmajandusse. Tallinn, 2003. Kommenteerib Arvo Pihl

  8. Electrospun a-Si using Liquid Silane/Polymer Inks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D.L. Schulz; J.M. Hoey; J. Smith; J. Lovaasen; C. Braun; X. Dai; K. Anderson; A. Elangovan; X. Wu; S. Payne; K. Pokhodnya; I. Akhatov; L. Pederson; P. Boudjouk

    2010-12-01

    Amorphous silicon nanowires (a-SiNWs) were prepared by electrospinning cyclohexasilane (Si{sub 6}H{sub 12}) admixed with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in toluene. Raman spectroscopy characterization of these wires (d {approx} 50-2000 nm) shows 350 C treatment yields a-SiNWs. Porous a-SiNWs are obtained using a volatile polymer.

  9. Mis asi on OÜ Visible Solutions? / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek

    2011-01-01

    Kunstiteos-ettevõtte OÜ Visible Solutions (juhatus: Sigrid Viir, Taaniel Raudsepp, Karel Koplimets) näitus "Adam Smithi Lemmik Nähtamatu Käsi Puuris" Tartu Kunstimajas 18. dets.-ni 2011. Kunstiprojekt firmast, mille tegevuse objekt on loomemajanduse kritiseerimine, mida tehakse viimase toimeloogika kunstiväljal eksponeerimise abil

  10. Ainuke püsiv asi on muutumine / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2008-01-01

    Taani audiovideotehnikat disainivast firmast Jacob Jensen Design. Jacob Jenseni (sünd. 1926) asutatud büroo loomingut tutvustab tema poeg Timothy Jacob Jensen (sünd. 1962). Eesti disaini tasemest, Jaapani disainitoodangust. Esikaanel ja lk. B3 fotod Timothy Jacob Jensenist

  11. Asi läheb tõsiseks / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Harry Potteri viies film "Harry Potter ja Fööniksi ordu" ("Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix") : režissöör David Yates : stsenarist Michael Goldenberg : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  12. Kelle asi on eesti keel? / Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärismaa, Sirje, 1958-

    2015-01-01

    8. oktoobril toimunud 7. keelefoorumist, mis oli vahearuandeks "Eesti keele arengukava 2013–2017" elluviimiseks. Keelenõukogu ettepanekutest valitsusele. Keelefoorumil avaldasid oma seisukohti eesti keele olevikust ja tulevikust ka praegune ja neli endist haridusministrit

  13. Battue ou chasse à courre, en Somalie ou en Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Frécon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Le second semestre 2008 a été marqué par une explosion des actes de piraterie au large de la Corne de l’Afrique. Les efforts déployés en réaction se sont révélés être si désordonnés qu’ils risquent de ne pas être très efficaces. Plus à l’est, les riverains du détroit de Malacca ont réussi à chasser les pirates. Cependant, ce succès souvent montré en exemple demeure relatif et en aucun cas dû aux seules patrouilles mises en place.Since last August, there were markedly more attacks registered off the Horn of Africa. The lack of coordination between the numerous initiatives is making surveillance operations inefficient. Further in the east, the littoral States along the Malacca Straits have managed to expel the pirates. Nevertheless, this success – often showed as an example – is not total. Moreover, it is not only due to the sea and air patrols.

  14. Populační problém Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Bich Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    The topic of this thesis is Population Problem of Asia. The work anylyses not only population development in Asia, but also in the world. A significant part is dedicated to these three countries: PRC, India and Vietnam, where are examined their population politics and current population problems. These countries were successful with slowing down the population growth, but as for PRC and Vietnam ageing and shrinking population is a new phenomen. Moreover, the thesis also mentions future popula...

  15. "Kalevi naised" - mis asi see oli? / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Produtsent Kristian Taska Kalev Spordis näitamiseks valminud Venezuela seebiseriaali Eesti oludele mugandatud "Kalevi naised" esimene osa (lavastaja Ingomar Vihman, osades Maria Avdjushko, Jan Uuspõld, Britta Vahur)

  16. Multifilm kui tõsine asi / Marko Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Marko

    1998-01-01

    Esilinastus 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  17. Alterações nos fatores de competição da indústria calçadista exportadora devido à entrada de competidores asiáticos Changes in competitive factors in footwear export industry due to arrival Asian producers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Medeiros Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma análise das modificações observadas entre 1990 e 2008 nos fatores de competição vigentes na indústria calçadista do Vale do Rio dos Sinos voltada à exportação para grandes redes de varejo nos Estados Unidos. Essas alterações resultam das novas condições de competitividade que lhes foram impostas pela entrada de competidores asiáticos, principalmente chineses, no mercado. Foi utilizada a metodologia do estudo de caso exploratório qualitativo. As principais técnicas de pesquisa foram a entrevista semiestruturada e o grupo focado com gestores especialistas. Foram entrevistados gestores praticantes e especialistas acadêmicos com atividades nas empresas. Como resultado, observou-se que os atores do processo de produção para exportação de calçados aumentaram a importância das dimensões diversidade de modelos, qualidade, inovação, velocidade e flexibilidade de produto e reduziram a importância das dimensões volume de produção e preço de venda. As dimensões design, performance e pontualidade permaneceram inalteradas. A principal contribuição do artigo é desvelar elementos que permitam a formulação de hipóteses para estudos futuros, mais completos, acerca do impacto das alterações mercadológicas sobre fatores competitivos e estratégia de produção.The paper presents an analysis of the changes observed in competitive factors in the footwear industry aimed at the Brazilian-based export industry, due to the arrival of Asian producers, the Chinese in particular, in the market. The research method was a qualitative exploratory case study. The main research techniques were semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Managers, experts and academics involved in the companies participated. As a result, we discovered that the impact of these new producers has been to sharpen the following competitive dimensions: diversity of models, quality, innovation, speed of delivery and flexibility. The

  18. The Afro-Asian cyclopoid Mesocyclops aspericornis (Crustacea: Copepoda in eastern Mexico with comments on the distribution of exotic copepods El cyclopoide afro-asiático Mesocyclops aspericornis (Crustacea: Copepoda en el este de México con comentarios sobre la distribución de copépodos exóticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Suárez-Morales

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Afro-Asian freshwater copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis (Daday, 1906, deemed as an exotic species in the Americas, is known to occur disjunctly in Mexico, South America, and the insular Caribbean. Adult females of this species were recorded.from samples collected in the state of Veracruz, on the Atlantic coast of Mexico.The morphology of these specimens is identical in most characters to those described or depicted in previous taxonomic accounts. The 3 known Mexican populations belong to the "western" group of M. aspericornis. The subtle morphological variations among the Mexican populations and their isolation suggest that each could be the result of independent events of dispersion or introduction via aquaculture. This is the third confirmed report of M. aspericornis in Mexico, but the first one in the Atlantic side of Middle America. The states of Tabasco and Chiapas harbour 3 of the 4 species of exotic freshwater copepods known to occur in Mexico.El copépodo dulceacuícola afro-asiático Mesocyclops aspericornis (Daday, 1906, considerado como especie exótica en América, se sabía presente de modo disperso en México, Sudamérica y en las islas del Caribe. A partir de muestras recolectadas en el estado de Veracruz, en la costa del Atlántico de México, se registraron hembras adultas de esta especie. La morfología de estos ejemplares es idéntica en la mayoría de los caracteres a la descrita o ilustrada en trabajos taxonómicos previos. Las 3 poblaciones conocidas en México pertenecen al grupo "occidental" de M. aspericornis. Las sutiles variaciones morfológicas entre las poblaciones mexicanas y su aislamiento sugieren que cada una podría ser resultado de eventos independientes por dispersión o introducción vía la acuacultura. Este es el tercer registro confirmado de M. aspericornis en México, pero el primero en Mesoamérica en el lado del Atlántico. Los estados de Tabasco y Chiapas alojan 3 de las 4 especies de copépodos ex

  19. Prevalência de HIV em gestantes e transmissão vertical segundo perfil socioeconômico, Vitória, ES Factores asociados a recidiva en hanseníasis en Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil HIV prevalence in pregnant women and vertical transmission in according to socioeconomic status, Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Caroline Barbosa Cerqueira Vieira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical, segundo o perfil socioeconômico dos bairros de residência das mães. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico exploratório utilizando a base de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação de gestantes HIV-positivas e aids em crianças notificadas entre 2000 e 2006 em Vitória, ES. Para análise das informações socioeconômicas foi utilizado o Índice de Qualidade Urbana. A prevalência de HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical foram calculadas. A distribuição espacial dos casos foi realizada no programa Terraview 3.2.0. Para verificar a associação entre a qualidade urbana e a prevalência de HIV em gestantes utilizou-se o modelo de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: Um total de 137 gestantes e 14 crianças infectadas por transmissão vertical foi notificado no período. Sete crianças correspondiam a mães HIV-positivas sem notificação de caso no período analisado. A prevalência de infecção em gestantes no período foi de 0,44% e a taxa de transmissão vertical foi de 9,7%. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a transmissão vertical associam-se à qualidade urbana do bairro de residência, indicando que os bairros com menor qualidade urbana devem ser priorizados quanto às ações para redução da transmissão vertical.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados a la ocurrencia de recidiva en hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo caso-control con 159 pacientes mayores de 15 años diagnosticados con hanseníasis en cinco municipios del Estado de Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil, cuyas unidades de salud eran consideradas de referencia para el atendimiento. El grupo de casos incluyó 53 individuos con recidiva de 2005 a 2007 y fue comparado con el grupo control (106 con alta por cura en 2005, pareados por sexo y clasificación operacional. Se usaron datos del Sistema de Informaci

  20. Controle químico da ferrugem asiática da soja em função de ponta de pulverização e de volume de calda Soybean asian rust control influenced by spray volumes and spray nozzles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Arantes Rodrigues da Cunha

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available As pontas de pulverização são um dos componentes mais importantes dos pulverizadores hidráulicos para aplicação de agrotóxicos. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o controle químico da ferrugem asiática e a deposição da calda fungicida aplicada na cultura da soja, em função de diferentes volumes de aplicação e de tipos de ponta de pulverização. O ensaio foi conduzido no delineamento em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições, em esquema bifatorial (4 x 2 + 1: quatro tipos de ponta de pulverização (jato plano padrão, jato plano de pré-orifício, jato plano de indução de ar e jato plano duplo de indução de ar, dois volumes de aplicação (115 e 160L ha-1 e um tratamento adicional, que não recebeu fungicida (testemunha. Realizou-se a semeadura direta da cultivar "Emgopa 313" (ciclo tardio, avaliando-se, após a aplicação do fungicida tebuconazole com as diferentes pontas e volumes, a deposição de calda no dossel da cultura, a severidade da ferrugem e a produtividade. Constatou-se que, apesar de o volume de calda de 160L ha-1 e de a utilização da ponta de jato plano padrão terem proporcionado maior uniformidade de distribuição da calda fungicida nas plantas, não houve influência do tipo de ponta de pulverização e do volume de aplicação no controle da ferrugem e na produtividade da cultura da soja. O fungicida tebuconazole propiciou bom controle da ferrugem, refletindo na produtividade de grãos, que foi, em média, 41% superior à obtida na testemunha.The spray nozzles are one of the most important components of pesticide hydraulic sprayers. This study aimed at evaluating the chemical control of the rust and the deposition of fungicide sprayed on soybean concerning different nozzles, and application volumes. A randomized complete-block design with four replications was used, in a factorial model (4 x 2 + 1: four spray nozzles (standard flat fan, pre-orifice flat fan, air induction flat fan and

  1. Fatores associados à recidiva em hanseníase em Mato Grosso Factores asociados a recidiva en hanseníasis en Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil Factors associated to relapse of leprosy in Mato Grosso, Central-Western Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores associados à ocorrência de recidiva em hanseníase. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo caso-controle com 159 pacientes maiores de 15 anos diagnosticados com hanseníase em cinco municípios do estado de Mato Grosso, cujas unidades de saúde eram consideradas de referência para o atendimento. O grupo de casos incluiu 53 indivíduos com recidiva de 2005 a 2007 e foi comparado ao grupo controle (106 com alta por cura em 2005, pareados por sexo e classificação operacional. Foram usados dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, prontuários e entrevistas. Utilizou-se regressão logística condicional e abordagem hierárquica. RESULTADOS: Após análise ajustada, mostraram-se associados à ocorrência de recidiva: indivíduos residentes em casas alugadas (OR = 4,1; IC95%:1,43;12,04, em domicílio de madeira/taipa (OR = 3,2; IC95%: 1,16;8,76, que moravam com mais de cinco pessoas (OR = 2,1; IC95% : 1,03;4,36, com transtorno de uso de álcool (OR = 2,8; IC95%: 1,17;6,79, irregularidade do tratamento (OR = 3,8;IC95%: 1,44;10,02, sem esclarecimento sobre a doença/tratamento (OR = 2,6; IC95%: 1,09;6,13, que usavam transporte coletivo para o acesso à unidade de saúde (OR = 5,5; IC95%: 2,36;12,63, forma clínica da doença (OR = 7,1; IC95%: 2,48;20,52 e esquema terapêutico (OR = 3,7; IC95%: 1,49;9,11. CONCLUSÕES: Os fatores preditivos de recidiva relacionam-se com condições de moradia, hábitos de vida, organização dos serviços de saúde, formas clínicas e esquemas terapêuticos. Cabe aos serviços de saúde oferecer orientações adequadas aos pacientes, bem como garantir a regularidade do tratamento.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados a la ocurrencia de recidiva en hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo caso-control con 159 pacientes mayores de 15 años diagnosticados con hanseníasis en cinco municipios del Estado de Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil, cuyas unidades de salud eran

  2. RPR和TPHA法检测献血者梅毒的方法学比较%The methodology comparison of RPR and TPHA assay in determinating syphilis of blood donors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘衍春; 肖建宇; 高美霞; 王娜; 薛敏

    2003-01-01

    @@ 献血者梅毒检测采用的RPR和TRUST法是非特异性方法,与特异性方法相比存在一定的检出误差.笔者对2002年5~8月9 552名街头自愿无偿献血者的血样进行RPR法检测,并对阳性标本采用TPHA法做确证实验,现报告如下.

  3. Clinical Evaluation of 2 Point-of-Care Lateral Flow Tests for the Diagnosis of Syphilis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakku-Joloba, Edith; Kiragga, Agnes; Mbazira, Joshua Kimeze; Kambugu, Fred; Jett-Goheen, Mary; Ratanshi, Rosalind Parkes; Gaydos, Charlotte; Manabe, Yukari C

    2016-10-01

    A diagnostic performance study comparing the only Food and Drug Administration-approved, point-of-care (POC) treponemal test (Syphilis Health Check) and the World Health Organization pre-qualified SD Bioline POC treponemal test against a treponemal hemagglutination test (TPHA) and a sequential algorithm of nontreponemal rapid plasma reagin and TPHA found both POC tests had >85% sensitivity compared with the TPHA and >85% sensitivity and >95% specificity compared with the rapid plasma reagin and TPHA standards. PMID:27631356

  4. OSMANLI YÖNETİMİNİN ORYANTALİST İNŞASI

    OpenAIRE

    YILMAZ, Gülay

    2014-01-01

    Edward Said formulated and discussed Orientalism for the first time and he concentrated more on the attitutes mostly towards Islam and the Arabs. He mainly examined the literary texts that were produced by the “Western mind.” By defining Orientalism as a discourse, he made an invaluable contribution to the field. This article, however, concentrates on the European perception of the Ottoman Empire starting from the sixteenth century until the modern times in terms of the interpretations about ...

  5. Integration of Solar Cells on Top of CMOS Chips Part I: a-Si Solar Cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, Jiwu; Kovalgin, Alexey Y.; Werf, van der Karine H.M.; Schropp, Ruud E.I.; Schmitz, Jurriaan

    2011-01-01

    We present the monolithic integration of deepsubmicrometer complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) microchips with a-Si:H solar cells. Solar cells are manufactured directly on the CMOS chips. The microchips maintain comparable electronic performance, and the solar cells show efficiency values

  6. Colloquium on Central Asia; Colloque sur l'Asie centrale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This colloquium on Azerbaijan was organized by the direction of international relations of the French Senate and the French center of foreign trade (CFCE). This document gathers the interventions of the participants and the debates with the audience following these interventions. The topics treated concern: - the present day political-economical situation of Central Asia countries (problem of borders, relations with Russia and China); - the economies of Central Asia countries: short term problems and medium-term perspectives; - the relations with the European Union (political, economical, trade and investments, perspectives); - the European energy stakes of Caspian sea (oil and gas reserves, development of hydrocarbon resources, exploitation and transport constraints, stakes for Europe and France); - TotalFinaElf company in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, enclavement problem); - the economical impacts of the TRACECA pathway (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia). (J.S.)

  7. ASIS '99 Knowledge: Creation, Organization and Use, Part III: Plenary Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Describes the following sessions: "Knowledge Management: A Celebration of Humans Connected with Quality Information Objects (Plenary Session 1); "Intellectual Property Rights and the Emerging Information Infrastructure (Plenary Session 2); and "Knowledge: Creation, Organization and Use (Conference Wrap-up Session). (AEF)

  8. Escurecimento interno de pêra asiática 'Ya Li' durante o armazenamento refrigerado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRACKMANN AURI

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A pêra 'Ya Li' apresenta escurecimento da polpa poucos dias após o armazenamento refrigerado. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar condições de armazenamento visando a diminuir os danos pela baixa temperatura inicial em peras 'Ya Li'. As condições iniciais estabelecidas foram: 1 0ºC; 2 5ºC, nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 0,7ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 3 10ºC nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 4 10º C nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias, sempre em atmosfera controlada (2,0kPa de O2 e < 1,0kPa de CO2; 5 10ºC nos 10 dias iniciais, com posterior exposição direta dos frutos a 0ºC. Em seqüência aos tratamentos iniciais, os frutos foram submetidos ao armazenamento refrigerado a 0ºC, com exceção do tratamento "4" que foi mantido continuamente em atmosfera controlada. Após 52 dias de armazenamento, verificou-se escurecimento interno, superior a 68% em todos os tratamentos. As temperaturas mais elevadas, no início, não evitaram a ocorrência do escurecimento durante o armazenamento.

  9. Peeter Jalakas : Elamine on väga isiklik asi / Anu Aaremäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaremäe, Anu

    2007-01-01

    Stephen Hawkingi raamatu "A Brief History of Time" aineline lavastus "Õnne valem", helilooja Gavin Bryars, autor ja lavastaja Peeter Jalakas, Tallinna tollilaos. Von Krahli Teatri lavastaja etenduse sünnist, endast, ökoloogilisest mõtlemisest, teatri tulevikuplaanidest

  10. ASI: Dunaliella Marine Microalgae to Drop-In Replacement Liquid Transportation Fuel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Microalgae are a promising biofuels feedstock, theoretically yielding concentrations of triacylglycerides (TAGs) per unit area far higher than traditional feedstocks due to their rapid growth. Dunaliella is particularly advantageous as a feedstock because it is currently commercially mass cultured,...

  11. Role of a disperse carbon interlayer on the performances of tandem a-Si solar cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Araújo, Raquel Barros, Tiago Mateus, Diana Gaspar, Nuno Neves, António Vicente, Sergej A Filonovich, Pedro Barquinha, Elvira Fortunato, Ana M Ferraria, Ana M Botelho do Rego, Ana Bicho, Hugo Águas and Rodrigo Martins

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the effect of a disperse carbon interlayer between the n-a-Si:H layer and an aluminium zinc oxide (AZO back contact on the performance of amorphous silicon solar cells. Carbon was incorporated to the AZO film as revealed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray analysis. Solar cells fabricated on glass substrates using AZO in the back contact performed better when a disperse carbon interlayer was present in their structure. They exhibited an initial efficiency of 11%, open-circuit voltage Voc = 1.6 V, short-circuit current JSC = 11 mA cm−2 and a filling factor of 63%, that is, a 10% increase in the JSC and 20% increase in the efficiency compared to a standard solar cell.

  12. The exclusive breastfeeding experiences of working mothers in West Sumatera (Sumbar Peduli ASI community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanti P. Sari

    2015-10-01

    Results: Based on the data analysis, it was found three themes, that are and ldquo;the sacrifice of a working mothers to give exclusive breastfeeding and rdquo;, and ldquo;provided a good support system and rdquo; and and ldquo;encountered problems and rdquo; and seven sub-themes, that is and ldquo;sacrifice time and rdquo;, and ldquo;physical sacrifice and rdquo;, and ldquo;family support and rdquo;, and ldquo;social support and rdquo;, and ldquo;health workers support and rdquo;, and ldquo;technical problems and rdquo; and and ldquo;non-technical problems and rdquo;. Conclusions: To be successful in providing exclusive breastfeeding, mothers have to sacrifice time and physically, to get the support of family, social and health workers so that obstacles can be solved. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(10.000: 2599-2604

  13. Toomas Hendrik Ilves : Euroopas polnud Lihula asi jututeemaks / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Rannar Raba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamenti kuuluva Toomas Hendrik Ilvese väitel ei pakkunud Lihula skandaalne monument enne selle mahavõtmist Euroopa Liidu võimukoridorides mingisugust kõneainet. Europarlamendi saadik rõhutas, et Teises maailmasõjas võidelnuid on võimalik vääriliselt mälestada ka kuritegelike režiimide sümboleid kasutamata

  14. LİVÂYÎ BEY MECMÛ‘ASI / JOURNAL OF LIWAI BEG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semra TUNÇ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Şiir mecmuaları Klasik Türk edebiyatı için önemli kaynaklardandır. Divanı bulunmayan pek çok şairin şiirlerinin yanı sıra divan sahibi şairlerin, divanlarını tertip ettikten sonra yazdıkları yahut değişik nedenlerle divanlarına almadıkları şiirlerine de mecmualarda rastlamak mümkündür. Diğer taraftan şiir mecmuaları, özellikle nazire mecmuaları sayesinde kimin kimden ne ölçüde etkilendiği, kimin üstat kimin talebe olduğu, kısacası Klasik Türk şiirinin zaman içindeki yürüyüşü daha net görülebilmektedir.Bu çalışmayla, gerek yukarıda işaret etmeye çalıştığımız konularda gerekse daha başka alanlarda edebiyat tarihine katkı sağlayacağı düşünülen bir şiir mecmuası ele alındı. Şair ve kâtip Livâyî tarafından 965/1557’de tertip edilen bu mecmua, Mısır Millî Kütüphanesi Türkçe Yazmalar Bölümü 182’de kayıtlıdır. Seçme bir nazire mecmuası denebilecek söz konusu derleme;  Mecmuaların Sistematik Tasnifi Projesi’ne (MESTAP [1]  uygun tabloyla araştırmacıların istifadesine sunulmaktadır[1] MESTAP; Prof. Dr. Mehmet  Fatih KÖKSAL’ın teklifi ve örnek çalışmasıyla başlattığı, çeşitli üniversitelerde görevli konuya ilgi duyan  öğretim elemanlarının  gönüllü olarak desteklediği  bir projedir. “Projenin hedefi, öncelikli olarak şiir mecmûaları, nihaî olarak da edebiyatla ilgili –cönkler de dâhil olmak üzere– bütün mecmuaların ayrıntılı tasnif ve dökümlerinin yapılmasıdır.” (Köksal 2012b: 422. Projenin hayata geçirilebilmesi maksadıyla Prof. Dr. Köksal’ın önderliğinde  -Atatürk Kültür Merkezi Başkanlığının da destekleriyle- Ankara’da 30 Haziran 2012’de Osmanlı Şiirinin Hazineleri: Mecmualar ve Cönkler  konulu bir çalıştay düzenlendi.  Türkiye genelinde mecmua ve cönkler hakkında  çalışan/çalışmakta olan 39 bilim insanının katıldığı çalıştayda; konunun önemi, mahiyeti ve projenin özellikle Türk edebiyatı/şiir tarihi araştırmalarına sağlayacağı katkı üzerinde duruldu,  üniversitelerde  yapılacak lisansüstü çalışmalar ve sair bilimsel yayınlarla  desteklenmesi kararına varıldı. Çalıştaydan sonra ise üniversitelerde yapılan/yapılmakta olan çalışmaların araştırmacıların hizmetine sunulabilmesi için bir veritabanı oluşturuldu. Konuyla ilgili çalışmalar veri tabanında paylaşılmaktadır. Bilgi için bk: http://mecmualar.tr.gg/MESTAP-Projesi-Hakk%26%23305%3Bnda.htm 

  15. Computed tomography of sacro-iliac joints; Tomodensitometrie des articulations sacro-iliaques (ASI)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miquel, A.; Laredo, J.D. [Hopital Lariboisiere, 75 - Paris (France)

    1995-12-31

    Actual technologies to explore sacro-iliac joints are conventional radiography, computed tomography , scintigraphy and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Standards films are sufficient, except in beginning sacro-iliac septic inflammations where the computed tomography is superior. Two problems are generally posed for the radiologist, to differentiate a septic arthritis from a rheumatic pathology An other problem in diagnosis is to make the difference between a degenerative arthropathy (which does not need a further investigation) and an infectious rheumatic pathology where more exploration is necessary. 28 refs., 3 tabs., 13 figs.

  16. Tenencia segura, servicios y hábitat. Experiencias asiáticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Marulanda Montes

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo hace una breve presentación de tres proyectos en Asia, que se constituyen como alternativas capaces de suministrar un desarrollo equitativo para gente que habitaba en asentamientos precarios; representan innovaciones sociales, institucionales y urbanísticas. El valor de las propuestas radica en su modestia, pues tratan de responder a situaciones difíciles con realismo. Se identificaron algunos denominadores comunes para que estos proyectos resultaran exitosos: la tenencia y seguridad de la tierra, los esfuerzos que se han hecho para incorporar a los inquilinos informales en las redes de la infraestructura urbana y la vivienda que en muchas soluciones se presta para un mejoramiento continuo e incremental. Los ejemplos aportan lecciones que pueden contribuir a solucionar problemas de escasez, calidad de vivienda y hábitat para familias de estratos bajos y marginados. Pueden servir como referencia y modelo para los gobiernos, el sector privado y la sociedad civil interesada en la construcción de una ciudad sostenible. Soluciones y conceptos aplicados en otras partes del mundo pueden llegar a ser relevantes para América Latina y Colombia.

  17. Vozes asiáticas e o racismo colonial em Moçambique

    OpenAIRE

    Zamparoni, Valdemir

    2016-01-01

    Evento, estrutura, conjuntura, curta duração, longa duração, micro, macro, específico, total são binômios que, ao menos desde Michelet com o seu Le Peuple e Marx com o seu O Dezoito Brumário mas, sobretudo, desde os Annales, tem acompanhado os historiadores. O presente artigo, embora não explicite, encara estes desafios : tratar do evento, do episódico, dos movimentos da política cotidiana, enfim da curta duração sem esquecer das estruturas, da longa duração : assim o objeto escolhido – a dis...

  18. Pengaruh Dukungan Keluarga terhadap Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gurilla Pematangsiantar

    OpenAIRE

    Simbolon, Pomarida

    2012-01-01

    Exclusive breastfeeding is very important for babies’ health and immunity because mother’s milk contains high protein which is needed to complete by the growth and development of cranial nerve and brain, gives immune body toward some diseases, and brings about emotional tie between a mother and her baby. The exclusive breastfeeding coverage in Indonesia was generally low; 20 out of 80 percent of being targeted. This condition also occured at the working area of Gurilla Health Center, Pemata...

  19. asy and asyip: A new type of apoptosis-inducing gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ Apoptosis, a wide physiological process in multicellular organisms, is critical for the organ development, the cell senescence, the tissue homeostasis and the resistance to infection of virus and bacteria. Apoptosis plays a key role in the regulation of the growth cell number such as the tissue construction, the elimination of abnormal or dangerous cells. Therefore, apoptosis is a stringent and effective cell quality controlling system, which reduces the number of harmful cells to the maximum, such as auto-immunity cell, cells infected by virus, tumor cells by cell suicide[1] . Apoptosis can be initiated by a wide variety of the extracellular and intracellular stimuli, including the developmental signals, the cellular stress and the disruption of cell cycle, transduced and amplified by the second messengers, and finally finished by the activating death effector protease. This process can be called apoptosis signal network. The defective in control of the apoptotic pathways may contribute to a variety of diseases including cancer, autoimmune and neurodegenerative conditions[2,3].

  20. PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI DAN PEMBERIAN MINUMAN/MAKANAN PADA BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titiek Setyowati

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey had collected data on infant feeding practice for each of the children born in five years preceding the survey. A great majority of the children ever had breastfeeding (96-97%, and more than half started within the first day. The median duration of breastfeeding was estimated at 23.9 months. Among infants under 4 months, 53% were exclusively breastfed, and the median duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 1.7 months. Supplementary feeding was introduced very early in infancy. Among infants under 4 months 14% were given supplementary liquids (plain water, water with sugar or honey, fruit juice, tea, starch water and non-breast milk and 28% were given supplementary foods (mashed foods or porridge.

  1. ASSESSMENT OF ERYTHROCYTE PERIPHERAL BLOOD AND ACTIVITY OF HEMOST ASIS IN PATIENTS WITH CER VICAL CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. I. Stuklov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the availability and informative value of methods that facilitate the diagnosis, cervical cancer (CC does not lose its leading position as one of the most common cancers of the reproductive system in women worldwide. High prevalence of anemia and thrombotic complications in this group determines not only the quality of life of patients, but the outcome of the underlying disease. The purpose of the study was to determine the patterns of change in erythrocyte of peripheral blood and the state of vascular-platelet and coagulation hemostasis in patients with cervical cancer depending on the stage of disease and histological variant of the tumor.Materials and methods. We investigated the performance of erythron, thrombocytic and coagulation hemostasis in 74 patients with cervical cancer (mean age 46,49 ± 11,78 years. Blood analysis was performed in the initial evaluation of patients in the prehospital phase.Results. It is proved that the spread of the tumor outside the cervix exerts a systemic influence on hematopoiesis, hemostasis, significantly increasing the risk of venous thromboembolism and hematogenous dissemination of the disease (metastasis. In the case of adenocarcinoma and dimorphic (glandular-squamous cervical cancer we proved the significant increase in soluble fibrin-monomer complexes, fibrinogen, and with glandular-squamous-cell cervical cancer and hypercoagulability (decrease thrombin time, which requires mandatory and differentiated prevention of venous thromboembolism even in the early stages of these morphological variants of the disease.Conclusions. Cervical cancer has a systemic effect on the blood and hemostasis. A statistically significant decrease in the concentration of hemoglobin and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate is determined in the second stage of the disease. The increase in the prevalence of cervical cancer and the presence of glandular component in the morphological structure of the tumor was significantly associated with increased thrombosis.

  2. Kas laste päevahoid on ainult omavalitsuse asi? / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja, Nädaline, Vooremaa, Koitr, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 9. mai lk. 11,2,2,6,22, Vali Uudised 10. mai lk. 2, Meie Maa 11. mai lk. 2, Sakala 12. mai lk. 2, Pärnu Postimees 16. mai lk. 19, Lõunaleht 18. mai lk. 2, Lääne Elu 27. mai lk. 2. Autori hinnangul peaks riik andma 600 lisamiljonit omavalitsustele rajamaks väikelastele korralik päevahoiusüsteem. Muljeid Räpina lasteaia külastusest

  3. Asi on tõsisem kui välja lastakse paista / Lembit Türnpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Türnpuu, Lembit, 1934-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti riikliku üdhariduskooli õppekava puudustest, soomlaste hinnangust sellele (Hinnang eesti õppekavale. Kokkuvõte õppekava üldosa ja ainekavade tugevatest ja nõrkadest külgedest. 1999. Opetushallitus)

  4. Understanding the Thermal Stability of Silver Nanoparticles Embedded in a-Si

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gould, Anna L.; Kadkhodazadeh, Shima; Wagner, Jakob Birkedal;

    2015-01-01

    changes via in situ and ex situ high-resolution and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM and HAADF STEM). The melting of Ag particles and subsequent interdiffusion of Ag and Si atoms are strongly related to the size of the Ag nanoparticles, as well as the presence...... properties of the amorphous-Si environment are important as well as incomplete packing of the Ag nanoparticle surfaces. These factors affect the melting temperature, causing some parts of the Ag nanoparticles to dissolve preferentially and other areas to remain stable at high temperatures....

  5. Preliminary validation of the French translation of the anxiety sensibility index-revised (ASI-R)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouvard, M; Ayxeres-Vighetto, A; Dupont, H; Aupetit, J; Portalier, S; Arrindell, W

    2003-01-01

    Anxiety sensitivity represents a stimulus-outcome expectancy that reflects individual differences in the propensity to experience fear in response to one's arousal related bodily sensations. It refers to the fear of anxiety related symptoms that are based on beliefs that such sensations have negativ

  6. Nitidulides et Cryptophagides de l’Asie et des Indes orientales

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grouvelle, A.

    1910-01-01

    Oblongo-subelongatus, apice acuminatus, modice convenus, nitidulus, tenuiter fusco-pubescens, ater; corpore subtus pedibusque piceis, singulo elytro in angulis posticis macula ochracea, triangulari, latera haud attingente ornato. Caput transversissimum, inter antennarum bases subprofunde biimpressum

  7. ASI: Dunaliella marine microalgae to drop-in replacement liquid transportation fuel

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Weicheng

    2013-09-11

    Microalgae are a promising biofuels feedstock, theoretically yielding concentrations of triacylglycerides (TAGs) per unit area that are far higher than traditional feedstocks due to their rapid growth. Dunaliella is particularly advantageous as a feedstock because it is currently commercially mass cultured, thrives in salt water, and has no cell wall. Fourteen strains of Dunaliella have been investigated for growth rates and lipid production in mass culture and tested for enhanced lipid production under a range of environmental stressors including salinity, pH, nitrogen and phosphorus limitation, and light regime. The nuclear genome has been sequenced for four of these strains, with the objective of increasing carbon flux through genetic engineering. Electroflocculation followed by osmotic membrane rupturing may be a very energy and cost efficient means of harvesting the lipid bodies from Dunaliella. A technically feasible and scalable thermo-catalytic process to convert the lipids into replacements for liquid transportation fuels has been developed. The lipids were converted into long-chain alkanes through continuous thermal hydrolysis followed by fed-batch thermo-catalytic decarboxylation. These alkanes can be reformed into renewable diesel via conventional catalytic hydrocarbon isomerization reactions to improve cold flow properties, if desired. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 32: 916-925, 2013 Copyright © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog.

  8. Coastal Vulnrability (CVI) dataset for Assateague Island National Seashore (asis_shore)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A coastal vulnerability index (CVI) was used to map the relative vulnerability of the coast to future sea-level rise within Assateague Island National Seashore in...

  9. Preparation and Properties of a-Si :H Thin Films Deposited on Different Substrates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RAO Rui

    2007-01-01

    The effects of different substrates on the structure and hydrogen evolution from a-Si:H thin films deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition were studied, as well as the similar films exposed to an hydrogen plasma. Spectroscopic ellipsometry and hydrogen evolution measurements were used to analyse the effects of the substrate and hydrogen plasma on the films microstructure,thickness, hydrogen content. hydrogen bonding and hydrogen evolution. The hydrogen evolution spectra show a strong substrate dependence. In particular on crystalline silicon substrate, the formation of bubbles was observed. For different substrates, hydrogen plasma treatments lightly affected the hydrogen evolution spectra. These results indicate that the action of hydrogen in a-Si:H was modified by the nature of the substrate.

  10. Cost utility analysis of diagnostic method of syphilis

    OpenAIRE

    Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2008-01-01

    Presently, the diagnosis of syphilis is dependent mainly on serological tests. The most widely used screening tests for syphilis are the VDRL and the rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and for confirmation, the fluorescent treponemal antibody (FTA) and the treponema pallidum hemagglutination (TPHA) tests. The four alternative modes for diagnosis of syphilis can be a) VDRL + FTA, b) VDRL + TPHA, c) RPR + FTA and d) RPR + TPHA. Here the author reports an evaluation of cost utility of these tests in medi...

  11. Grecs d’Asie mineure - Grecs du continent. Altérité et identités durant la guerre gréco-turque en Asie mineure (1919-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Grigoriou, Panagiotis

    2009-01-01

    Sur la base notamment de lettres ou de carnets, conservés aux Archives Littéraires et Historiques de Grèce (ELIA),  écrits par des soldats envoyés de Grèce sur le front micrasiatique, il est possible de jauger de la disparité qui existait entre ressortissants d’un État national balkanique établi dès le début du XIXe siècle et les sujets d’une société impériale multiple encore sur la voie d’une modernisation selon d’autres schémas. La grécité unitaire exacerbée par le discours nationaliste de ...

  12. PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK ASI EKSLUSIF SERTA STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 4-12 BULAN DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asrinisa Rachmadewi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE The main aim of this study was to compare breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practice and infants nutritional status between rural and urban areas. In this cross-sectional study, Desa Jayabakti, Kabupaten Sukabumi represents rural area, while Kelurahan Kedung Jaya, Kota Bogor represents urban area. Samples were 31 mothers-infants in each area who were selected by simple cluster sampling method. The differences between two areas were analyzed with the independent t-test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test. The correlation between variables was analyzed with rank Spearman. The result of this study showed that mother's knowledge and attitude of nutrition, especially about exclusive breastfeeding, was higher in urban than in rural area. There were differences in mothers' knowledge and attitude between rural and urban areas (p0.05. The aspects of breastfeeding practices which statistically difference in rural and urban areas were the introduction of colostrums status and breastfeeding time (p0.05. Furthermore, exclusive breastfeeding practice was not associated with 4-12 months infants nutritional status (p>0.05. Mothers' family should be targeted as target of audience in breastfeeding promotion.  Keywords: breastfeeding practice, exclusive breastfeeding, knowledge, attitude, infant                  nutritional status, rural and urban areas.

  13. 'Videokunst on tõsine asi,' räägib kunstnik Al Paldrock / Al Paldrok ; interv. Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paldrok, Al, 1969-

    1998-01-01

    Intervjuu Pärnu filmipäevade (2.-4. apr.) ühe peakorraldaja, Helsingis Kuvataide akadeemias video- ja keskkonnakunsti õppinud Al Paldrokiga filmipäevadest (kus esitatakse nii video-, reklaam- kui dokumentaalfilme), eesti filmist ja videokunstist, rühmitusest 'Vedelik'

  14. Pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) Eksklusif Pada Masyarakat di Desa Mazingo Tanoseo Kecamatan Hiliduho Kabupaten Nias 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Hia, Deoserina

    2016-01-01

    The low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia compared with other developing countries result is not good for the baby’s health such as allergies, diarrhea, respiratoy infections, malnutrition and decreased the development of cognitive intelligence (Roesli, 2008). The aim in this study was to describe the exclusive breastfeeding in the community in the village Mazingo Tanoseo Hiliduho District of Nias in 2015. The research in a qualititative study conducted in the village of Maz...

  15. EELS measurements of boron concentration profiles in p-a-Si and nip a-Si solar cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Aken, Bas B.; Duchamp, Martial; Boothroyd, Chris;

    2012-01-01

    contact; on the other hand, the p-layer should transmit the incident light efficiently to the intrinsic absorber layer. We show that it is possible to study TEM samples prepared, for analysis of possible layer defects, by focussed ion beam milling to detect boron and carbon concentrations as low as 1020cm......-3, using core-loss EELS combined with numerical analysis. We control the band gap and activation energy of p-a-SiC by varying the B2H6 and CH4 flow during deposition in the process chamber. We have found a linear relation between the activation energy of the dark conductivity Eact and the optical...... band gap E04. Modelling shows that the optimum efficiency in nip solar cells is obtained when the p-a-SiC band gap is slightly larger than the band gap of the absorber layer. We have assessed the potential of core-loss EELS for detecting B and C concentrations as low as 1020cm-3 in a spatially resolved...

  16. Measuring the Psychosocial Characteristics of Teacher Candidates through the Academic Self-Identity: Self-Observation Yearly (ASI SOY) Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Belinda Bustos; Clark, Ellen Riojas; Guerra, Norma S.; Casebeer, Cindy M.; Sanchez, Serafin V.; Mayall, Hayley J.

    2010-01-01

    This study contends that multiple psychosocial factors mediate students' pursuit of the teaching profession, including beliefs, ethnic identity, acculturation, efficacy, and motivation. Despite the myriad literature addressing teacher characteristics, less is known about how these factors influence the academic or personal development of teacher…

  17. 29. IV-22. V on Stora Enso Packaging ASi uues tehasehoones Jälgimäel Tänassilma tehnopargis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Noorte kunstnike näitus "Paper Talks!". Väljapaneku koordinaator Maarin Ektermann. Installatsiooni märksõna on interdistsiplinaarsus, kaasa on haaratud hüpermaal, graafika, arhitektoonika, videokunst

  18. Raul Reemet : Jaapanis äritegemine on üldse kõige raskem asi / Raul Reemet ; interv. Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reemet, Raul

    2005-01-01

    Mööbliärimees ja jaapani restorani Sushi House omanik selgitab, miks on ettevõtjal keeruline siseneda Jaapani turule. Kvaliteedi tähtsustamisest Jaapanis, jaapanlaste ärietikett. Diagrammid: Jaapani peamised majandusnäitajad

  19. Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Belchior Silva Moreira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as "twin crises", adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.

  20. Behavioral data of thin-film single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofiane Kichou

    2016-06-01

    Further discussions and interpretations concerning the data shared in this article can be found in the research paper “Characterization of degradation and evaluation of model parameters of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules under outdoor long term exposure” (Kichou et al., 2016 [1].

  1. La décollectivisation dans les montagnes d'Asie centrale (Tadjikistan, Kirghizstan) : Transformations agricoles et crise sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Thorez, Julien

    2006-01-01

    Texte d'auteur avant la mise en page par la revue Post-soviet transformation is a time of radical change for societies and spatial organisation in Central Asian mountains. In Kyrgyzstan as in Tajikistan, the decollectivisation and disorganisation of the planned economic system led to an agricultural crisis (livestock, etc.). In some Kyrgyzstani's valleys, some adaptations to the new economic and territorial context are developing, but the expansion of autoconsumption reveals the pauperisat...

  2. Characterization of a-Si: H/SiN multilayer waveguide polarization using an optical pumping application-LED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mohd Saiful Dzulkefly ZAN; Isamu KATO; Mohammad Syuhaimi AB-RAHMAN; Seri Mastura MUSTAZA

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the fabrication of a waveguide and the analysis of its polarization characteristics by applying light-emitting diode (LED) pumping lights to its surface. By using double tubed coaxial line (DTCL) microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD) equipment, an a-Si:H/SiN muitilayer waveguide was fabricated whose thickness could be controlled at nanometer order. The main structural material of the waveguide sample consisted of a combination of layers of amorphous silicon hydrogen and silicon nitrate. Once the sample was ready, another major objective of the experiment was to analyze the polarization characteristics of the fabricated waveguide. The idea of the experiment was to analyze how the waveguide reacts when three types of LED (blue, yellow, and red) are radiated onto its surface. The results showed that the fabrication of the a-Si:H/SiN sample is successful. Most effective transmission results, which accord with the polarization characteristics analysis, were obtained.

  3. Pengaruh Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Pada Ibu Bekerja Di Kecamatan Darul Imarah Kabupaten Aceh Besar Tahun 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Manaf, Salmiani Abdul

    2010-01-01

    Exclusive breastfeeding is very important for the health and endurance of a baby because breastfeeding provides high nutrition needed for nervous and brain growth and development, immunity to several diseases, and create an emotional breast feeding is generally still low. It is only 14% of the targeted 80%. In Darul Imarah Sub-district, the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding is only 16.4%. One of the problems causing the low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding is the time to breastfeed the b...

  4. HUBUNGAN KANDUNGAN KAROTENOID DAN RETINOL DALAM DARAH DAN ASI PADA IBU MENYUSUI DI DAERAH PENGHASIL DAN BUKAN PENGHASIL SAYURAN

    OpenAIRE

    Joko Pambudi; Fitrah Emawati; Susilowati Herman

    2012-01-01

    Association of Carotenoids and Retinol Levels In Blood and Breastmilk of Breastfeeding Mothers In Vegetables Producing Area and Non-Vegetables Producing Area.Background: Vegetables are available in abundant amount in the less developed countries, including Indonesia, and are the source of carotenoids and other important nutrient, especially vitamin A. In rural areas, vegetables are becoming important source of vitamin A, especially for breastfeeding mothers.Objectives: To study carotenoids an...

  5. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI, KONSUMSI ZAT GIZI, DAN KELENGKAPAN KARTU MENUJU SEHAT (KMS TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suci Pujiyanti

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} Breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card (KMS are very crucial to support infant development. The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card to the nutritional status.  Sample of babies who breastfed and having KMS were taken from 50 babies aged around 4-12 months using a simple random sampling method. Pearson corelation, Spearman corelation, and backward linear regression were used to analyze data. Linear regression analysis between the length of breastfeeding (p0.05  the infant  nutritional status. The analysis also showed effect of weighing, immunization, and giving vitamin A to infant nutritional status. Keywords: breastfeeding, nutrient consumption, healthy card

  6. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM ANAK PIDANA DALAM PERSPEKTIF MAQASID ASY-SYARI’AH (Studi Kasus Penanganan Anak Pidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsaid Marsaid

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Indonesia as a country with social cultured law, dueto the influence of globalization shows the behavior of thepeople in his life increasingly complex. Such behavior can beseen from two sides, namely in accordance with the norms andnot in accordance with the norm, so that such conditions spreadto the entire line of people's lives. This article will exploreproblems criminal children who are in prison in Jambi.ملخص: اندونیسیا كدولة للقانون مثقف الاجتماعي ، ویرجع ذلك إلى تأثیر العولمة یدلعلى سلوك الناس في حیاتھ یزداد تعقیدا . ویمكن رؤیة مثل ھذا السلوك من الجانبین ،وھي وفقا ل معاییر ولیس وفقا ل معیار بحیث یمكن لھذه الظروف انتشرت في خطكامل من حیاة الناس. ھذه المادة سوف استكشاف مشاكل الأطفال الجنائي الذین ھم فيالسجن في جامبيKata Kunci: Anak Bermasalah dengan Hukum (ABH

  7. De la Sorbonne à l’Asie. Routes orientalistes d'Ena Bazin-Foucher (1889-1952

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annick Fenet

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L’article suit le parcours d’Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, épouse de l’indianiste français Alfred Foucher (1865-1952 : ses études supérieures à Paris ; sa rencontre avec son futur époux, enseignant à la Sorbonne ; leur mariage à Ceylan en 1919 ; leurs huit années de voyage (jusqu’en 1928 en mission archéologique et scientifique en Inde, Perse, Afghanistan et Extrême-Orient ; la vie parisienne jusqu’à leur mort. Les archives communes du couple permettent de reconstituer la part de la femme dans l’œuvre du savant, sa propre personnalité, ses aspirations scientifiques et son originalité dans le monde intellectuel de l’entre-deux-guerres.This article follows the life of  Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, wife of the French indianist Alfred Foucher (1865-1952: her higher education in Paris ; her encounter with her future husband,  a teacher at the Sorbonne University ; their marriage in Ceylan in 1919 ; their eight years of travel (until 1926 in archaeological and scientific missions in India, Persia, Afghanistan and the Far East ;  and finally their Parisian life until their death. The couple's archives allow one to reconstruct Eugénie's participation in the work of her husband as well as shedding light on  her personality, her scientific aspirations and her originality in the intellectual world of the Interwar period.

  8. De Mariemont à Hanoi : conservation et restauration des céramiques d’Extrême Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Noppe

    2008-01-01

    L’article expose brièvement les inévitables différences de conception et de pratique dans la conservation-restauration des céramiques asiatiques conservées au Musée royal de Mariemont et dans les musées du Vietnam. Il fait état des collaborations fructueuses établies notamment dans le cadre d'une mission scientifique à Hanoi.The paper describes the unavoidable differences in conception and practices in conservation-restoration of Asiatic ceramics conserved on one hand in the Royal Museum of M...

  9. Ji-Yong Lee, La gouvernance d’entreprise et l’hybridation : Le cas de l’Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Ji-Yong Lee

    2011-01-01

    Understanding of the changes in corporate governance lies at the heart of contemporary debates about transformation of capitalism. Asia is no exception to this phenomenon. Asia’s corporate governance has undergone significant changes since the financial crisis of 1997. Our study, based on the theory of institutional change, seeks to examine current transformations. The concept of corporate governance is viewed as being dependent on institutional environments in which the firm evolves. The ana...

  10. Ji-Yong Lee, La gouvernance d’entreprise et l’hybridation : Le cas de l’Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Yong Lee

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Understanding of the changes in corporate governance lies at the heart of contemporary debates about transformation of capitalism. Asia is no exception to this phenomenon. Asia’s corporate governance has undergone significant changes since the financial crisis of 1997. Our study, based on the theory of institutional change, seeks to examine current transformations. The concept of corporate governance is viewed as being dependent on institutional environments in which the firm evolves. The analysis of the changes in corporate governance is therefore needed to understand institutional change.On this basis, we argue that the current transformation is experiencing a process of hybridization and we suggest a framework to understand ongoing corporate governance reform. Hybridization carries two opposed forces: drivers for change and resistance to change. The dynamic process of adaption of newly imported practices leads to new model adapted to local conditions. Our empirical analysis allows us to apprehend the diverse pattern of corporate governance in Asia even within the current context of adherence to the Anglo-Saxon model: we find three hybrid models and one other model which has not committed to the reform. We also study the sources of change and the factors that give rise to resistance. We provide an overview of the recent changes in corporate governance practice in Asian countries.

  11. De Mariemont à Hanoi : conservation et restauration des céramiques d’Extrême Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Noppe

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available L’article expose brièvement les inévitables différences de conception et de pratique dans la conservation-restauration des céramiques asiatiques conservées au Musée royal de Mariemont et dans les musées du Vietnam. Il fait état des collaborations fructueuses établies notamment dans le cadre d'une mission scientifique à Hanoi.The paper describes the unavoidable differences in conception and practices in conservation-restoration of Asiatic ceramics conserved on one hand in the Royal Museum of Mariemont and on the other in Vietnam museums. It mentions the fruitful collaborations established amongst other in the frame of a scientific mission to Hanoi.

  12. Roger Mitchell : Maailma päästmine pole vaid teadlaste asi / Roger Mitchell ; interv. Silvia Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mitchell, Roger

    2006-01-01

    Earthwatch Instituut on ülemaailmne organisatsioon, mille missiooniks on kaasata vabatahtlikke ja teadlasi, levitamaks säästva arengu sõnumit. Instituuti tutvustab teaduse ja hariduse osakonna direktor Roger Mitchell

  13. Structural and photovoltaic properties of a-Si (SNc)/c-Si heterojunction fabricated by EBPVD technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demiroğlu, D.; Kazmanli, K.; Urgen, M. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Ayazağa 34469, Istanbul (Turkey); Tatar, B. [Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Namık Kemal University, Değirmenaltı, Tekirdağ (Turkey)

    2013-12-16

    In last two decades sculptured thin films are very attractive for researches. Some properties of these thin films, like high porosity correspondingly high large surface area, controlled morphology; bring into prominence on them. Sculptured thin films have wide application areas as electronics, optics, mechanics, magnetic and chemistry. Slanted nano-columnar (SnC) thin films are a type of sculptured thin films. In this investigation SnC thin films were growth on n-type crystalline Si(100) and p-type crystalline Si(111) via ultra-high vacuum electron beam evaporation technique. The structural and morphological properties of the amorphous silicon thin films were investigated by XRD, Raman and FE-SEM analysis. According to the XRD and Raman analysis the structure of thin film was amorphous and FE-SEM analysis indicated slanted nano-columns were formed smoothly. Slanted nano-columns a-Si/c-Si heterojunction were prepared as using a photovoltaic device. In this regard we were researched photovoltaic properties of these heterojunction with current-voltage characterization under dark and illumination conditions. Electrical parameters were determined from the current-voltage characteristic in the dark conditions zero-bias barrier height Φ{sub B0} = 0.83−1.00eV; diode ideality factor η = 11.71−10.73; series resistance R{sub s} = 260−31.1 kΩ and shunt resistance R{sub sh} = 25.71−63.5 MΩ SnC a-Si/n-Si and SnC a-Si/p-Si heterojunctions shows a pretty good photovoltaic behavior about 10{sup 3}- 10{sup 4} times. The obtained photovoltaic parameters are such as short circuit current density J{sub sc} 83-40 mA/m{sup 2}, open circuit voltage V{sub oc} 900-831 mV.

  14. Hubungan ASI Eksklusif terhadapKejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada Bayi di Puskesmas Padang Bulan, Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Sinaga, Suci Soraya

    2015-01-01

    Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is an infection disease caused by a virus or bacteria and lasts for 14 days that attacks the upper and the lower of respiratory tract. Infants often suffer by ARI because they have incomplete immunity. Exclusive breastfeeding has an important role to support the immune system for the infants that it can provide prevention from various infection diseases. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with ARI in infants. This surve...

  15. Villes écologiques ou durables, exemples d'approches différentes en Asie en Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.P. van Dijk (Meine Pieter)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractLes défis comme l'urbanisation et dégradation environnementale dans des villes historiques peuvent être résolus dans le cadre de la gestion urbaine. Van Dijk (2006) a défini la gestion urbaine comme résoudre les problèmes des communautés urbaines en diminuant en même temps les risques qu

  16. The incidence of congenital syphilis and hepatitis-B virus surface antigen carrier state among deaf mute children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar A

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Three hundred deaf mute children of both the sexes, aged between 5-16 years were examined for the presence of syphilitic stigmata. All these children were having bilateral total sensory-neural deafness. None showed Hutchinson′s triad. VDRL and micro TPHA tests for syphilis and RPHA test for HbsAg tested Blood samples. VDRL test was positive in 15 (5% TPHA test in 34 (1133% cases and HBsAg in 36 (12% cases. VDRL and TPHA tests were both Positive in 15 (5% cases, but VDRL negativity was observed in 19,(6.3% TPHA positive cases, while VDRL, TPHA and HBsAg were positive in6 (2% cases.

  17. Erratum: ``Multiple quantum well light modulators for the 1.06 µm range on InP substrates: InxGa1 - xAsyP1 - y/InP, InAsyP1 - y/InP, and coherently strained InAsyP1 - y/InxGa1 - xP'' [Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2846 (1992)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, T. K.; Chiu, T.-H.; Sizer, Theodore, II

    1992-12-01

    The last sentence in the paragraph at the top of the second column of the second page of the article should read: ``Since previously reported samples like B have been described with sharper excitonic features (HWHM of 6 meV at 300 K and 2 meV at 10 K) it is reasonable to expect that sample C could be further improved.4''

  18. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay seroreactivity among healthy Indian donors and its association with other transfusion transmitted diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangeeta Pahuja

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of syphilis infection by Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA among blood donors in Delhi and to study their correlation with other markers of transfusion transmitted infections such as hepatitis C virus (HCV, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg so as to establish the utility of TPHA over and above venereal diseases research laboratory test (VDRL, not only as a marker for testing T. pallidum infection, but also as a marker of high risk behavior. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in the Regional Blood Transfusion Centre, Lady Hardinge Medical College and associated Sucheta Kriplani Hospital, New Delhi for a period of 2 years. Donated blood was screened for TPHA seroreactivity along with screening for anti HIV I and II, anti-HCV, HBsAg by third generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test. A total of 8082 serum samples of blood donors were collected from healthy blood donors in our blood bank. They were classified into two groups- test group and control group based on TPHA positivity. The co-occurrence of HBsAg, HIV and HCV infection were determined in TPHA positive blood donors (test group in comparison with TPHA negative blood donors (control group. Results: We found the TPHA seroreactivity to be 4.4% in Delhi′s blood donors. Nearly 8.2% (663/8082 of the donated blood had serological evidence of infection by at least one pathogen (syphilis/HIV/hepatitis B virus/HCV and 6.63% (44/663 donors with positive serology had multiple infections (two or more. Quadruple infection was seen in one donor, triple infection was seen in three donors and double infection was seen in 40 donors. Prevalence of HIV seroreactivity was found to be statistically significant and HCV seroreactivity statistically insignificant in TPHA positive group in comparison to TPHA negative group. Discussion: In our study, the

  19. Syphilis in Swaziland: a serological survey.

    OpenAIRE

    Ursi, J P; Van Dyck, E; van Houtte, C; Piot, P.; Colaert, J.; Dlamini, M; Meheus, A.

    1981-01-01

    Sera from 536 adults and children in Swaziland were examined for their reactivity in the rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA) tests. None of 130 sera from children was reactive in either test; 8.6% of sera from 185 healthy adults were reactive in the RPR test and 33% in the TPHA test; 24.5% of 220 sera from patients with genital ulcers were RPR-positive and 45.9% TPHA-positive. The RPR positivity rates were not related to age, but the percentage of RPR-neg...

  20. Vergelijkend kwaliteitsonderzoek van nieuwe lotnummers van Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay-reagentia in 1984

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijk; R.V.W.van; Aelbers; G.N.M.; Tideman; G.J.; Menke; H.E.

    1985-01-01

    Binnen het kader van de kwaliteitscontrole van het serologisch syfilisonderzoek bij de Streeklaboratoria voor de Volksgezondheid werd een kwaliteitsonderzoek aan nieuwe lotnummers van de eerder onderzochte Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay (TPHA)-reagentia uitgevoerd. Hierbij werden de r

  1. Assessment of reactivity of three treponemal tests in non-treponemal non-reactive cases from sexually transmitted diseases clinic, antenatal clinic, integrated counselling and testing centre, other different outdoor patient departments/indoor patients of a tertiary care centre and peripheral health clinic attendees

    OpenAIRE

    Bala, M; Singh, V; Muralidhar, S; Ramesh, V

    2013-01-01

    In India, many state reference centres for sexually transmitted infections perform only a single screening assay for syphilis diagnosis. In this study, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA) was performed on 1115 Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL)/rapid plasma regain (RPR) non-reactive and 107 reactive sera out of 10,489 tested by VDRL/RPR according to the National AIDS Control Organisation syphilis testing protocol. A total of 47 Specimens reactive in TPHA and non-reactive with...

  2. Nursing of Hospitalized Patients with Cover Syphilis in the Gynecology Unit%妇科住院病人合并隐性梅毒的护理12例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章鸣; 刘玲芬

    2003-01-01

    @@ 2002年1月1日~5月31日我院对妇科住院病人常规做免疫4项检查,共发现12例快速血浆反应素环状卡片(TPHA RPR)试验阳性的患者.TPHA RPR阳性者无临床症状,但仍具有传染性,现报告如下.

  3. Нарвское ноу-хау или блеф? / Артур Тооман

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тооман, Артур, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Narva uuest ettevõtluse toetamise süsteemist ja soodustustest. NTT AS-i, Narva Elektrijaamade, Nakro AS-i, Harju Elekter AS-i, Standard AS-i, Krimelte AS-i ja Vertex Estonia AS-i juhtide arvamusi. Tabelid

  4. SCREENING ASSAYS TO FIND OUT LATE LATENT SYPHILIS CASES - WHICH IS THE BEST ONE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Dzintars Ozoliņš

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The serological methods for diagnosis of syphilis are classified into non-specific (non-treponemal such as Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR, and specific (treponemal such as Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test (TPHA and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG, IgM (ELISA IgG, IgM tests. The aim of this retrospective study was to estimate and compare the sensitivity and specificity of RPR, TPHA and Syphilis ELISA IgG, IgM. The study was conducted on 18 799 clinically healthy persons who had visited the Outpatient clinic of Ministry of the Interior Clinical Centre, Latvia during 2 years period from August 2006 to November 2007. Patients were screened to find out possible late latent syphilis cases by using RPR, TPHA and ELISA IgG, IgM assays. The results showed the highest sensitivity indices of ELISA IgG, IgM and TPHA methods, and the lowest for the RPR test. Highest specificity indices were observed by using ELISA IgG, IgM method followed by TPHA method with lower values and RPR method showing the lowest specificity. To conclude, ELISA IgG, IgM and TPHA methods should be used for screening late latent syphilis cases and ELISA IgG, IgM for diagnosis confirmation. RPR is not recommended for screening purposes.

  5. Makroekonomická fundamentální analýza Evropy, Asie a Ameriky s akcentem na bankovní sektor

    OpenAIRE

    Petr, Pavel

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the thesis is analysing and evaluating the situation in each region through macroeconomical factors. First chapter is focused on Europe. The most interesting part of this chapter is the fiscal policy. Second chapter provides insight to fascinating Asia and its huge rise in recent past. Third chapter provides analysis of development of interesting economical values in America. Last fourth chapter includes econometrical analysis of relationships between time series of macroeconomical...

  6. 0D-modelling of carbonaceous aerosols; L'aerosol de combustion dans une region en grande mutation, l'Asie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, Ch.

    2005-06-15

    One of the main uncertainties in the estimate of the climatic impact of aerosols is linked to our knowledge of gases and aerosols emissions. This is particularly crucial over Asia, where a strong regional fingerprint is observed, with different emission types, depending on the various vegetation and climate conditions (biomass burning emissions) and on the very fast changes of the population and industrialization (biofuel and fossil fuel emissions). The main goal of this work was first to derive a biomass burning inventory for gases and particles over Asia for the 2001 ACE-Asia (Aerosol Characterization Experiment) and TRACE-P (Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific) campaigns (March to May 2001). I implemented a methodology that is the most adapted to my study, and based on the burnt area cartography (GBA-2000 project (Global Burnt Area 2000) [Tansey et al., 2005]). The results of this study, ABBI (Asian Biomass Burning Inventory) [Michel et al., 2005] have been compared with another biomass burning emission inventory (ACESS: ACE-Asia and TRACE-P Modelling and Emission Support System) [Streets et al., 2003], built from fire counts and not from burnt areas. This comparison shows the limits of the use of fire counts in the emission inventory maps and underlines the importance and the relevance of the method used in my study. A comparison with the year 2000 emission inventory, obtained with the same method, underlines the importance of the inter-annual variations. The ABBI inventory has been introduced in the Meso-NH-C mesoscale model combined with an aerosol module: ORISAM (ORganic and Inorganic Spectral Aerosol Module) Bessagnet, 2000]. I have focused in particular on the impact of the burnt vegetation emissions over the asian continent. Comparisons between simulated and ground and airborne measured data showed satisfactory results in some cases, but showed also some limits. Sensitivity tests have been carried out firstly to test the impact of fire emissions by considering the ACESS inventory in Meso-NH-C-ORISAM, secondly to highlight the parameters deemed in the model to form secondary organic aerosols by using the ORISAM module in his 0D version. On the whole, this work emphasizes the major importance of the inventories of gas and particle emissions at a continental scale on atmospheric chemistry. Moreover, it also shows the contribution of the ORISAM module to the analysis and understanding of the heterogeneous chemical processes in the pollution episode in Asia. (author)

  7. Effects of lithium-implantation on the hydrogen retention in both a-C:H and a-Si C:H materials submitted to deuterium bombardment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbier, G.; Chevarier, N.; Chevarier, A. [Lyon-1 Univ., 69 -Villeurbanne (France). Inst. de Physique Nucleaire; Ross, G.G.; El Khakani, M.A. [INRS-Energie et Materiaux, Varennes, PQ (Canada)

    1996-09-01

    The hydrogen release in plasma facing materials is a challenging problem for the hydrogen recycling. The hydrogen desorption from a-C:H and a-SiC:H materials induced by deuterium bombardment has been investigated. Prior to the deuterium bombardment, both materials were implanted with different fluences of lithium ions. Before and after each irradiation, depth profiles of H, Li and deuterium were determined by nuclear microanalysis. After deuterium bombardment, il is shown that the retention of the initial hydrogen in both materials was enhanced by increasing the total dose of the implanted Li. For the a-C:H samples, the hydrogen desorption under deuterium bombardment was strongly reduced by lithium implantation. This effect was also evidenced in a-SiC:H samples, even though it is less spectacular that in a-C:H. Also, nuclear analyses showed that the retained dose of deuterium decreases when the lithium concentration increases. This could be a result of the formation of Li-H bonds which occurs to the detriment of deuterium retention in both a-C:H and a-SiC:H materials. Preliminary results of both materials exposed to TdeV tokamak discharges confirms the role of Li in hydrogen retention, already observed in deuterium bombardment exposure. (author).

  8. Photo-stability of a-Si solar cells fabricated by “Liquid-Si printing method” and treated with catalytic generated atomic hydrogen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murayama, Hiroko, E-mail: murayama.hiroko5@jp.panasonic.com [Device Solutions Center, Panasonic Corporation, 3-1-1 Yagumo-naka-machi, Moriguchi City, Osaka 570-8501 (Japan); Ohyama, Tatsushi; Yoshida, Isao; Terakawa, Akira [Device Solutions Center, Panasonic Corporation, 3-1-1 Yagumo-naka-machi, Moriguchi City, Osaka 570-8501 (Japan); Masuda, Takashi [Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); JST-ERATO Shimoda Nano-Liquid Process Project, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); Ohdaira, Keisuke [Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); Shimoda, Tatsuya [Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); JST-ERATO Shimoda Nano-Liquid Process Project, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi City, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan)

    2015-01-30

    The film properties and solar cell performances of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) fabricated by a newly developed non-vacuum process “Liquid-Si printing method” were systematically investigated by comparing to the conventional plasma-chemical vapor deposition method. The as-printed a-Si:H films showed relatively high Urbach-tail characteristic energy (E{sub ch}), high [Si–H{sub 2}]/[Si–H], and low photoconductivity (~ 10{sup −7} S/cm). However, the [Si–H{sub 2}]/[Si–H] decreased, and the photoconductivity was improved to the device grade level (~ 10{sup −5} S/cm) after appropriate catalytic-generated atomic hydrogen treatment. It was also found that the light-induced degradation of the photoconductivity and solar cell efficiency of the printed samples were less than half of the conventional a-Si:H case.

  9. Photo-stability of a-Si solar cells fabricated by “Liquid-Si printing method” and treated with catalytic generated atomic hydrogen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The film properties and solar cell performances of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) fabricated by a newly developed non-vacuum process “Liquid-Si printing method” were systematically investigated by comparing to the conventional plasma-chemical vapor deposition method. The as-printed a-Si:H films showed relatively high Urbach-tail characteristic energy (Ech), high [Si–H2]/[Si–H], and low photoconductivity (~ 10−7 S/cm). However, the [Si–H2]/[Si–H] decreased, and the photoconductivity was improved to the device grade level (~ 10−5 S/cm) after appropriate catalytic-generated atomic hydrogen treatment. It was also found that the light-induced degradation of the photoconductivity and solar cell efficiency of the printed samples were less than half of the conventional a-Si:H case

  10. 1) Mis teile praeguses eesti kirjanduses ei meeldi? 2) Mida tuleks teha, et asi läheks nii, nagu teile meeldib? : [küsitlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastavad : Vaapo Vaher, Elo Lindsalu, Olev Remsu, Jüri Ehlvest, François Serpent, Sven Kivisildnik, Linnar Priimägi, Aino Pervik, Mati Unt, Contra, Fagira D. Morti, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Juku-Kalle Raid

  11. Repensando o Melodrama no Contexto Asiático: um estudo sobre a série televisiva sul-coreana Dae Jang Geum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARVALHO, Ludmila Moreira Macedo de

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Although it is normally considered as a universal artistic genre, the melodrama is seldom contemplated in the context of the Asian community. As a historically Western concept, can it really be used to define Eastern artistic representations? This essay argues that “melodrama” can indeed be used in the Asian context, provided that it observes some of the particularities of the culture that is beingrepresented. Through the analysis of the South Korean television series Dae Jang Geum, a worldwide audience phenomenon, we shall observe more closely what are those particularities and universalities of the Asian melodrama.

  12. Mitigación del cambio climático versus desarrollo económico -El debate asiático frente a la Conferencia de Copenhague-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Wago Rojas

    2009-11-01

    de una sana política medio ambiental. Para lograr una solución a la encrucijada entre la mitigación y el desarrollo económico, es fundamental la creatividad en las proposiciones y el compromiso político en Copenhague, así como la profundización en los mecanismos flexibles, los cuales, acompañados de la participación ciudadana, son pilares fundamentales para un verdadero desarrollo sostenible.

  13. Modelos de Algoritmos Genéticos y Redes Neuronales en la Predicción de Índices Bursátiles Asiáticos

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    This study analyzes the capacity of multivariated models constructed from genetic algorithms and artificial neural networks to predict the sign of the weekly variations of the Asian stock-market indexes Nikkei225, Hang Seng, Shanghai Composite, Seoul Comp

  14. Mujer, familia y maquiladoras asiáticas en Yucatán México (Women, Family And CHinese Corporations In Yucatan Mexico)

    OpenAIRE

    Beatriz CASTILLA RAMOS; Estela SUÁREZ AGUILAR; Beatriz TORRES GÓNGORA

    2008-01-01

    Este documento presenta, desde la perspectiva internacional, las relaciones entre China y México con la intención de ubicar sus políticas de ubicación de plantas maquiladoras en el extranjero, especialmente en Yucatán Mexico. En el estudio de terreno, en cuatro empresas, se examina la relación Mujer, trabajo y familia en dos firmas que pertenecen a la provincia de China: una de Hong Kong y otra de Taiwán. Se analiza el impacto en sus condiciones y formas de trabajo, así como en los arreglos d...

  15. High Efficiency Thin Film CdTe and a-Si Based Solar Cells: Annual Technical Report, 4 March 1999 - 3 March 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G. (The University of Toledo)

    2001-08-29

    This report describes the research on high-efficiency CdTe-based thin-film solar cells and on high-efficiency a-Si-based thin-film solar cells. Implemented a diode-array spectrograph system and used optical emission spectroscopy to help optimize the reactive sputtering of N-doped ZnTe for CdTe back-contact structures. Identified the photoluminescence signatures of various defect states in CdTe related to Cd vacancies, CuCd acceptors, Cu-VCd complexes, and donor-acceptor pairs, and related these states to instabilities in the hole concentration at room temperature. Showed that Cu is an important non-radiative center in CdS, reducing the PL efficiency. Studied band tailing in CdS weakly alloyed with CdTe and CdTe weakly alloyed with CdS. Fabricated superstrate ITO/CdS/CdTe cells on Mo substrates with efficiencies above 7.5%. Collaborated in studies of EXAFS of Cu in CdTe which indicate a Cu-Te bond length of 2.62 {angstrom} or 6.7% shorter than the CdTe, bond in agreement with calculations of Wei et al. Provided assistance to two groups on laser scribing. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films deposited using a wide range of H dilution, observed transition from a-SiGe to {mu}c-SiGe at high H dilution and the impact on cell performances. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films with different Ge contents, suitable for use as component cells of triple-junction devices. Fabricated a-Si-based solar cells on ultra-thin stainless-steel substrate (7.5 micron) and obtained equivalent performance and yield as on the regular SS substrates (127 microns). Comparatively studied the performance of a-Si-based solar cells on SS substrates and on SnO2-coated glass substrates. Studied the performance of p-layers deposited under various deposition conditions for n-i-p type solar cells. Performed an analysis for the component cell current-matching within a triple-junction solar cell.

  16. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gutiérrez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores japoneses y los luchadores profesionales de lucha libre y grecorromana de la época, a los que habitualmente solían derrotar, contribuyeron a generar un potente imaginario de las artes de combate orientales como sistemas superiores de cultura física y defensa personal. No obstante, a pesar del éxito del jujutsu este no logró afianzarse sólidamente en Portugal, desapareciendo progresivamente de la escena pública desde principios de la segunda década del siglo XX.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The present study analyzes the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century. Mainly, historical Portuguese newspapers were reviewed, both general and specific from sports field. Results show that the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal was principally conduced via the show business through exhibitions performed by Japanese experts. Significant technical and physical differences between the Japanese fighters and the professional Freestyle and Greco-roman fighters, who were usually defeated by the former, contributed to create a powerful imaginary of the eastern fighting arts as superior systems of physical culture and self-defence. However, in spite of jujutsu’s success, it did not come to be strongly established in Portugal, vanishing progressively off the public scene since the beginning of the 1910s.

  17. Structural and Optical Investigations of Heterostructures Based on AlxGa1-xAsyP1-y:Si Solid Solutions Obtained by MOCVD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. V. Seredin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated MOCVD epitaxial heterostructures based on AlxGa1−xAs ternary solid solutions, obtained in the range of compositions x~0.20–0.50 and doped with high concentrations of phosphorus and silicon atoms. Using the methods of high-resolution X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray microanalysis, Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy we have shown that grown epitaxial films represent five-component (AlxGa1−xAs1−yPy1−zSiz solid solutions. The implementation of silicon in solid solution with a concentration of ~ 0.01 at.% leads to the formation of the structure with deep levels, DX centers, the occurrence of which fundamentally affects the energy characteristics of received materials.

  18. Semejanzas entre el ajo (Allium sativum) costarricense y el ajo asiático según secuencias de ADN ribosomal

    OpenAIRE

    Karina Barboza Rojas; Alejandro Hernández Soto; Claudia Zúñiga Vega

    2012-01-01

    En Costa Rica, la producción de ajo (Allium sativum) es escasa y se limita principalmente a las regiones de Llano Grande de Cartago. Sin embargo, por el precio que tiene actualmente en el mercado, el ajo costarricense se vislumbra como una hortaliza que podría constituirse en un recurso valioso para los productores nacionales. Por lo anterior, en este artículo se presenta la caracterización mediante secuencias ribosomales de materiales de ajo provenientes Costa Rica y su comparación con ajo i...

  19. Genre, modernisation soviétique et usage des « langues de religion » en Asie centrale (Ouzbékistan et Tadjikistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habiba Fathi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In a secularizing context, the relationship between gender, Soviet modernization and uses of « languages of religion » (Arabic, Persian and Tchaghatay Turkish is explored. The main focus is the role of Muslim women in the trans-generational transmission of religion. Women of religion are the ones who mediate the rediscovery of the Muslim heritage. This rediscovery is taking place within the broader context of re-Islamization and revalorization of national languages of Uzbekistan (Uzbek with Latin script and Tadjikistan (Tadjik with Cyrillic script ; both independent states were formerly part of the Soviet Union. The author retraces the main axes of the modernization politics through two main domains: linguistic policies and the emancipation of Muslim women. The paper focuses on the old and new Muslim educational systems in these two newly independent Central Asian states and highlights these counstries’ tendency, due to their fight against Islamism, to refuse all religious change. This means all religious trends are rejected, even those that would enable the regions’s Muslim societies to leave behind their traditional orientation.

  20. Mebendazol en el tratamiento de helmintíasis intestinales revisión de literatura y consideraciones de Enfermería

    OpenAIRE

    Kogien, M.; Teixeira, C. A.

    2011-01-01

    Mebendazol es un antihelmíntico de amplio espectro, fármaco de elección para el tratamiento de varios tipos de infecciones parasitarias intestinales, además en la zona de la terapéutica farmacológica la enfermería tiene papel importante sea en la administración de medicamentos o en la nueva zona de actuación que surge para la profesión: la prescripción de medicamentos mediante protocolos o rutinas aprobados. Objetivos: realizar una revisión de literatura acerca de los aspectos farmacológi...

  1. NOVEL MEANS FOR TREATING a.Si SOLAR CELL%一种治疗非晶硅太阳电池缺陷的新方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左其培

    1999-01-01

    用"电压法",治疗a.Si薄膜太阳电池,烧断pn结中漏电沟道,使被治疗样品的性能变坏."库仑法"根据样品漏电多少,决定用于治疗电池的电荷积分多少,没有剩余电荷,不会影响电池性能,可用于a.Si薄膜电池的研究与规模生产.

  2. Pavilon savců a ptáků Asie - ZOO Dvůr Králové

    OpenAIRE

    Procházka, Libor

    2009-01-01

    Konverze objektu bývalé slévárny na okraji areálu ZOO pro potřebu výstavního pavilonu drobných savců a ptáků s živou expozicí. Pavilon bude zaměřen v souladu se specializací ZOO, na faunu a flóru asijského kontinentu. Conversion object ex-foundry pavilion of mammalia and birds with live exposition. Exhibition pavilion is oriented at fauna and flora of asia. B

  3. Las visitas de los presidentes de Corea, China y Vietnam y nuestras relaciones con los países del Este Asiático

    OpenAIRE

    Onaha, Cecilia

    2005-01-01

    En el marco del proyecto de investigación “Análisis estructural y coyuntural de la Política Exterior Argentina bajo el gobierno de Kirchner (2003-2007)”, en lo correspondiente a las tareas preliminares para la realización del análisis coyuntural, se inició el trabajo de recolección de datos sobre la base de la agenda oficial de la Cancillería. En ese sentido nos proponemos en esta oportunidad presentar y describir los instrumentos generados desde esta gestión durante el 2004, referidos al áre...

  4. A China como um duplo pólo na economia mundial e a recentralização da economia asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medeiros Carlos Aguiar de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available China as a double pole in the world economy and the recentralization of the Asian economy. The extraordinary growth of Chinese trade that occurred in the last years changed China?s role on world and regional economy. As a major producer of industrial consumer goods to OCDE countries, China has negatively affected many Asian competitors but as an expansive market China became the main source of growth to Asian countries. This new dimension was achieved after the Asian crisis of 1997 by an economic expansion led by public investment. After considering the Chinese balance of payment position and its industrial strategy this paper investigates this double dimension of China on trade and its influence on Asian countries.

  5. HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN IBU SELAMA KEHAMILAN DAN PEMBERIAN ASI PERTAMA KALI SETELAH MELAHIRKAN (ASSOCIATION OF MATERNAL FOOD CONSUMPTION DURING PREGNANCY AND THE FIRST TIME BREASTFEEDING AFTER DELIVERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Ability to produce breast-milk is to some extent dependent on the storage of material from the mother's food during the prenatal period, as well as on the supply of nutrients from the food she receives during lactation. Objective: To study association of maternal food consumption during pregnancy and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Methods: We took advantage from a cross-sectional research for Development of Media and Promotional Strategies for Exclusive Breastfeeding in rural and urban West Java, 2006. The analysis is based on 609 mothers who had infants aged 6-12 months in the Bandung city and district, West Java. ‘The first time breastfeeding after delivery’ was identified from the question of ‘how many hours after birth did mother breastfeed her child for the first time’. We used Chi-Square to analyze the association between the mother’s food consumption during prenatal period and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Results: Mothers who ate more food during pregnancy as much as 1-2 servings per day of pre-pregnancy and the occasional drink of milk to the baby was feeding time less than 3 hours after birth. Whereas mothers who during pregnancy eating just the same as before pregnancy, the first time breastfeeding was longer than 3 hours or even up to 2 days after delivery. The test results obtained was statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Maternal food consumption during pregnancy is significantly associated with the first time breastfeeding after delivery. [Penel Gizi Makan 2010, 33(2: 154-160] Keywords: food consumption, maternal, pregnancy, early breast-milk

  6. Dynamiques du peuplement, libéralisation économique et décentralisation dans les deltas de l'Asie des moussons

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvie Fanchette

    2004-01-01

    The deltas and irrigated valleys of monsoon Asia are areas of dense population concentrations. The large plains have considerable advantages that favour human expansion, assuming that their hydraulic systems are properly harnessed. The plains have been developed by societies organised within the framework of different political regimes, which have to varying degrees managed to put to value their huge agricultural potentials and exploit the rent from great commercial networks. The conditions o...

  7. Combiner L'Education Et Le Travail; Experiences en Asie et en Oceanie: Viet Nam (Combining Education and Work; Experiences in Asia and Oceania: Viet Nam).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vien, Hguyen Khac

    Educational policy in Viet Nam has closely followed the revolutionary movement. In the essentially democratic period from 1945 to 1960, Viet Nam created a nationwide 10-grade school system and fought illiteracy on a large scale. By 1960, as socialism began to predominate, especially in the North, traditional educational methods and values began to…

  8. High Efficiency Thin Film CdTe and a-Si Based Solar Cells: Annual Technical Report, 4 March 1999 - 3 March 2000; ANNUAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the research on high-efficiency CdTe-based thin-film solar cells and on high-efficiency a-Si-based thin-film solar cells. Implemented a diode-array spectrograph system and used optical emission spectroscopy to help optimize the reactive sputtering of N-doped ZnTe for CdTe back-contact structures. Identified the photoluminescence signatures of various defect states in CdTe related to Cd vacancies, CuCd acceptors, Cu-VCd complexes, and donor-acceptor pairs, and related these states to instabilities in the hole concentration at room temperature. Showed that Cu is an important non-radiative center in CdS, reducing the PL efficiency. Studied band tailing in CdS weakly alloyed with CdTe and CdTe weakly alloyed with CdS. Fabricated superstrate ITO/CdS/CdTe cells on Mo substrates with efficiencies above 7.5%. Collaborated in studies of EXAFS of Cu in CdTe which indicate a Cu-Te bond length of 2.62(angstrom) or 6.7% shorter than the CdTe, bond in agreement with calculations of Wei et al. Provided assistance to two groups on laser scribing. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films deposited using a wide range of H dilution, observed transition from a-SiGe to(mu)c-SiGe at high H dilution and the impact on cell performances. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films with different Ge contents, suitable for use as component cells of triple-junction devices. Fabricated a-Si-based solar cells on ultra-thin stainless-steel substrate (7.5 micron) and obtained equivalent performance and yield as on the regular SS substrates (127 microns). Comparatively studied the performance of a-Si-based solar cells on SS substrates and on SnO2-coated glass substrates. Studied the performance of p-layers deposited under various deposition conditions for n-i-p type solar cells. Performed an analysis for the component cell current-matching within a triple-junction solar cell

  9. Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul - do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recuperação posterior

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Queiroz Guimarães

    2010-01-01

    The State and the economy in South Korea: from the developmentist state to the Asian crisis and later recovery. The article focuses on the institutions of South Korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. The economic model in South Korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. However, South Korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inhe...

  10. Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul - do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recuperação posterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Queiroz Guimarães

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The State and the economy in South Korea: from the developmentist state to the Asian crisis and later recovery. The article focuses on the institutions of South Korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. The economic model in South Korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. However, South Korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inherent to strong state intervention. The article shows that the crisis was a result of the combination between internal economic fragilities and a rapid process of financial deregulation, which undermined the state's capacity of control. The crisis, nevertheless, does not disqualify the role of the national institutions in the very successful process of industrialization. Despite the reforms, the Korean capitalism conserves much of the previous model of business organization and industrial relations. The state continues strong and played active role in the process of economic reforms. There are, nevertheless, doubts about the impacts of the reforms and the new configuration of Korean capitalism. They will depend on the current transformations in world economy and in the East Asian countries.

  11. Semejanzas entre el ajo (Allium sativum costarricense y el ajo asiático según secuencias de ADN ribosomal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Barboza Rojas

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica, la producción de ajo (Allium sativum es escasa y se limita principalmente a las regiones de Llano Grande de Cartago. Sin embargo, por el precio que tiene actualmente en el mercado, el ajo costarricense se vislumbra como una hortaliza que podría constituirse en un recurso valioso para los productores nacionales. Por lo anterior, en este artículo se presenta la caracterización mediante secuencias ribosomales de materiales de ajo provenientes Costa Rica y su comparación con ajo importado de China. El ADN se extrajo a partir de hojas de vitroplantas de ajo mantenidas en un congelador a -70°C, pulverizadas en un mortero. El ADN ribosomal se amplificó, purificó y secuenció. Se realizó el análisis bioinformático de las secuencias ribosomales. El BLASTn permitió determinar que los productos de PCR amplificados corresponden a la secuencia parcial de los genes 28S y 18S (sitios de unión de los cebadores y a la secuencia completa de la región ITS-1, 5.8S e ITS-2. Se encontró que todas las secuencias alinearon en casi un 100% con la accesión EU626375.1 publicada en la base de datos del GeneBank, correspondiente al clon Allium sativum voucher BF-ALL-037. En general, las secuencias mostraron ser muy conservadas. Los puntajes obtenidos del alineamiento realizado con ClustalW reflejaron una identidad del 97 al 99% entre las secuencias.El presente estudio es el primer reporte de este tipo que se realiza sobre ajo costarricense y generó información básica e indispensable para continuar con los estudios moleculares de este cultivo.

  12. On the way to enhance the optical absorption of a-Si in NIR by embedding Mg2Si thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernev, I. M.; Shevlyagin, A. V.; Galkin, K. N.; Stuchlik, J.; Remes, Z.; Fajgar, R.; Galkin, N. G.

    2016-07-01

    Mg2Si thin film was embedded in amorphous silicon matrix by solid phase epitaxy. The structure and optical properties were investigated by electron energy loss, X-ray photoelectron, Raman, and photo thermal deflection spectroscopy measurements. It was found that in the photon energy range of 0.8-1.7 eV, the light absorption of the structure with magnesium silicide (Mg2Si) film embedded in a-Si(i) matrix is 1.5 times higher than that for the same structure without Mg2Si.

  13. Serodiagnosis of syphilis in a community: An evaluatory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajendran P

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To analyse the prevalence of syphilis in the apparently healthy population and to provide data for implementation of the joint STD/HIV control programme, a population based study was undertaken by using ′probability proportional to size′ cluster survey method in three randomly chosen districts of Tamil Nadu, India namely Dindigul, Ramnad and Tanjore. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from adults (n=1873 aged 15-45 years, from the selected households enrolled in this study. The sera were tested parallelly by rapid plasma reagin (RPR and Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA tests. Reactive samples by RPR and/or TPHA were later analysed by fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption (FTA-ABS test. RESULTS: The prevalence of syphilis in the community of Tamil Nadu as per RPR positivity was 2.7% (50/1873 as against 0.7% by TPHA (13/1873. FTA-ABS positivity was observed in only 12 out of 48 (25% RPR/TPHA reactive samples tested. By taking the positivity by two of the three tests, the community prevalence of acute ongoing syphilis in Tamil Nadu was determined as 1.1% (20/1873. CONCLUSIONS: The results confirmed that no single serological test for syphilis can act as the marker of ongoing acute infection in an apparently healthy population. The study suggests that for specific diagnosis of ongoing syphilis, the FTA-ABS test may be performed along with RPR and TPHA.

  14. 评价螺旋体乳胶快速反应实验检测梅毒血清的特异性和敏感性%Sensitivity and specificity of Diesse syphilis fast test in testing syphilis serum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晋红中; 王家璧; 王晓蜂; 邵燕玲; 何志新; 刘跃华; 洪少林

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To assess sensitivity and specificity of Diesse syphilis fast test(DSFT) in routine use, and compare it with rapid plasma reagin circle card test(RPR test), Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay(TPHA), fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test(FTA-ABS test). Methods: DSFT, RPR, TPHA, FTA-ABS were used to detect 500 cases of syphilis and normal senam. Results :Using FTA-ABS as gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of DSFT were 98.6% (204/207), and 93.2%(273/293) ,respectirely(X2= 1.04, P > 0.05. Using TPHA as gold standard, the sensitivity and specifity of DSFT were 100% (223/223),99.6% (273/277), respectively(x2 = 0.04, P > 0.05). Condusion: The Diesse syphilis fast test in routine use has high sensitivity and specificity in testing syphilis.

  15. Cost utility analysis of diagnostic method of syphilis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Presently, the diagnosis of syphilis is dependent mainly on serological tests. The most widely used screening tests for syphilis are the VDRL and the rapid plasma reagin (RPR and for confirmation, the fluorescent treponemal antibody (FTA and the treponema pallidum hemagglutination (TPHA tests. The four alternative modes for diagnosis of syphilis can be a VDRL + FTA, b VDRL + TPHA, c RPR + FTA and d RPR + TPHA. Here the author reports an evaluation of cost utility of these tests in medical practice. It is shown that the cost per accurate diagnosis with VDRL + TPH is the least expensive choice. Therefore, this alternative is the best method for serological diagnosis for syphilis, based on medical laboratory economics principles

  16. Analyses on Three Erroneous Diagnosis to Secondary Syphilis Patients with Mental Deficiency%智障的二期梅毒患者3例误诊分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁鸿瑞; 赵荣; 袁凌伟; 魏军龙

    2008-01-01

    报告3例误诊的伴有智障的二期梅毒.例1 RPR 1:64(+),TPHA(+),例2 RPR 1:128(+),TPHA(+),例3 RPR 1:128(+),TPHA(+),均确诊为二期梅毒.予以苄星青霉素治疗4周,3个月复查皮损无复发,后随访RPR、TPHA均转阴.提示对某些智障患者就诊时,疑有不确定的皮损,宜做相应的实验室及性病实验室检查,以免漏诊及误诊.

  17. Syphilis detection: evaluation of serological screening and pilot reverse confirmatory assay algorithm in blood donors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommese, Linda; Paolillo, Rossella; Sabia, Chiara; Costa, Dario; De Pascale, Maria Rosaria; Iannone, Carmela; Esposito, Antonella; Schiano, Concetta; Napoli, Claudio

    2016-07-01

    Serological assays are still considered the most useful tests in the diagnosis of syphilis. Since no single serological assay is able to provide a satisfactory result, in our laboratory we have evaluated the usefulness of a commercially-available immunoblot to diagnose syphilis infection among blood donors. From October 2012 to June 2013, 4572 blood donors were screened for syphilis with an automated chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA). To confirm the presence of treponemal antibodies, CMIA-reactive sera were tested by standard Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA). In addition, an alternative confirmatory test - the immunoblot INNO-LIA assay was introduced in our laboratory. Since two additional positives among CMIA-reactive-TPHA-negative samples were found, we concluded that the INNO-LIA immunoblot allowed a better detection of syphilis compared to TPHA. A confirmatory strategy based on the use of two treponemal assays could meet the screening requirements for blood donors as well as in our centre. PMID:26068964

  18. Budushtsheje estonskoi elektroenergetiki - slanets, veter, opilki i uran / Andrei Demenkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Demenkov, Andrei

    2008-01-01

    AS-i Narva Elektrijaamad juhatuse esimees Ilmar Petersen ja AS-i Eesti Energia tehnikadirektor Raine Pajo põlevkivienergeetika tulevikust, alternatiivsetest energiaallikatest, taastuvenergia kasutamisega seotud projektidest

  19. SCREENING ASSAYS TO FIND OUT LATE LATENT SYPHILIS CASES - WHICH IS THE BEST ONE?

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Dzintars Ozoliņš; Dr. Sandra Katkovska; Dr. Ludmila Bobojeda; Dr. Aida Rancane

    2009-01-01

    The serological methods for diagnosis of syphilis are classified into non-specific (non-treponemal) such as Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR), and specific (treponemal) such as Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test (TPHA) and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG, IgM (ELISA IgG, IgM) tests. The aim of this retrospective study was to estimate and compare the sensitivity and specificity of RPR, TPHA and Syphilis ELISA IgG, IgM. The study was conducted on 18 799 clinically healthy persons who had vi...

  20. Influence of antenatal screening on perinatal mortality caused by syphilis in Swaziland.

    OpenAIRE

    Guinness, L F; Sibandze, S; McGrath, E.; Cornelis, A L

    1988-01-01

    In a survey of 283 deliveries in Swaziland, active syphilis (positive results in the Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA) and the rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test) was found in 37 (13.1%) and possibly active infection (positive TPHA but negative RPR test results) in a further 87 (30.7%). The perinatal mortality of untreated mothers with active disease was 21.9% (7/32). The RPR test carried out antenatally by nurses had a sensitivity of 36% (13/36) and predictive accuracy of 48% (13...

  1. Na koi nam "Nokia" / Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Jekaterina

    2008-01-01

    OÜ Krimelte, AS-i Estonia Klaverivabrik, AS-i Silbet, AS-i Standard, AS-i Wendre, BLRT Grupi ja Viru Keemia Grupi kui Eesti olulisemate ettevõtete majandusnäitajatest ning kohast Eestis ja maailmaturul. Lisa: Juhtivate eksportijate mitteametlik reiting

  2. Mida tuleks muuta Riigikogu valimise korras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Eesti Päevalehe küsitlusele vstavad Kristiine Keskuse AS-i juhatuse esimees Toomas Niinemäe, AS-i Starman tegevdirektor Peeter Kern, Eesti Kindlustuse AS-i juhatuse esimees Ivar Virkus, Hillar&Knowlton Balti AS-i juhatuse esimees Peep Mühls ja Tallinna Mustamäe haigla peaarst Teet Lainevee

  3. Kõrgharidus töö ja pere kõrvalt / Ave Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavo, Ave

    2006-01-01

    AS-i Prisma Peremarket ostujuht Marge Saluste, AS-i Anttila klienditeenindusosakonna juhataja Reta Lepp, AS-i Kaupmees & Ko turunduskoordinaator Hele Allikas, Lada Eesti AS-i Pärnu esinduse juhataja Inge Rootslane hariduse omandamise motivatsioonist, kooli valikust ning õppimise ühitamisest töö ja pereeluga

  4. Congenital syphilis - stigmata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sood V

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available A 70-year-old male presented with recurrent ulceration on lower leg, extensors of forearms, arms, forehead and elbows with cigrette paper scarring. Palatal and nasal septal perforations, sudden blindness in one eye, hepatosplenomegaly, anterior bowing and thickening of tibia (sabre tibia were present. VDRL and TPHA were positive.

  5. Genital lesions following bestiality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mittal A

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A 48-year-old man presented with painful genital lesions with history of bestiality and abnor-mal sexual behaviour. Examination revealed multiple irregular tender ulcers and erosions, with phimosis and left sided tender inguinal adenopathy. VDRL, TPHA, HIV-ELISA were negative. He was treated with ciprofloxacin 500mg b.d. along with saline compresses with complete resolution.

  6. Comparative study of Treponemal and non-Treponemal test for screening of blood donated at a blood center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narinder Kaur Naidu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The non-Treponemal tests such as Rapid Plasma Reagin test (RPR or the Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory test are the most commonly used test for screening of syphilis in the blood centers in India. Now, with the availability of Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and Immunochromatographic assays in the market, we decided to evaluate these assays in comparison with Treponema pallidum Haemagglutination Assay (TPHA which was considered as a gold standard for this study. A total of 8 685 samples of voluntary blood donors were tested on Trepolisa 3.0 and then the initially reactive samples were retested in duplicate on the same assay as well as on Omega Pathozyme, RPR, RAPHA (Rapid Anti-Treponema pallidum Assay, and TPHA. Of the 158 initially reactive samples, 104 were repeatedly reactive on the same assay, 85 were reactive with RPR, 77 were reactive with RAPHA, 60 were reactive on Omega, and 53 were confirmed reactive on TPHA. 48 (56.4% of the results on RPR were biological false positive, while 21.9% of results were false negative on RPR. We evaluated that Omega Pathozyme was quite in agreement with TPHA as compared with Trepolisa 3.0, RAPHA, and RPR. We concluded that Omega Pathozyme (ELISA can be considered as a suitable test for screening of syphilis in a blood center.

  7. SAĞLIK İDDİASI İÇEREN GIDA REKLAMLARININ İLETİŞİM ETKİSİNDE SAĞLIK İLGİNLİĞİNİN ROLÜ

    OpenAIRE

    ATAR, G. Motif

    2015-01-01

    Today, as a result of increasement in consumers’ interests on healthy diet and life, marketers have begun to position their products differently, and food companies have presented products with health claims. The aim of this research is to assess participants, whose levels of involvement in health have been determined, about their attitudes towards three different types of claims on health in the advertisement they see, their recollections on the claim and their purchase intentions, within th...

  8. PENAMBAHAN KACANG-KACANGAN DALAM FORMULASI MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU (MP-ASI BERBAHAN DASAR PATI AREN(Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr Addition of legumes in the Formulation of Supplementary Food Based on Palm Starch (Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winiarti P. Rahayu 2

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Food diversification is one of the governmental programs to reduce rice demand. Palm starch (Arenga Pinnata (Wurmb Merr has a good potency as carbohydrate source for supplementary food. Supplementary food from palm starch enriched with 4 legumes (red bean, green bean, soy bean, and paenutas sourch of protein were formulated. This weaning food was made by wet mixing all substances, then cooked at temperatur 750C for 10 minutes. The dough was then dried using drum dryer and milled. The flour was fortified by vitamin premix (vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin C, mineral premix (Na, Zn, Fe, Ca, and I and vanilla flavor (0,05; 0,10; 0,15; 0,20; and 0,25% to improve their nutritional and sensory qualities. Result obtained from hedonic tes indicated that soy bean is the most suitable bean 0,05 percent of vanilla flavor gave the best formula. Supplementary food from sugar palm starch contained 170 kkal energy, 4 g protein, 33g carbohydrate and 3 g fat per serving (42 g. If the formula was consumed three times per day it will fulfill 60 percent of AKG (Angka Kecukupan Gizi(Nutritional Daily Requirement of the baby and child’s protein. The protein digest of such supplementary food from sugar palm starch was 86,29 percent of casein and comply this with SNI 01-7111.4 -2005 and codex (1976 standard.

  9. Volavérunt, un Cluedo histórico: aproximando el mundo de Goya a estudiantes asiáticos a través de la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña García Migura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta comunicación se verá cómo se pueden adaptar los enfoques comunicativos para la enseñanza de E/LE a contextos docentes de orientación confuciana. Se parte de la reflexión sobre las especificidades de este entorno de enseñanza-aprendizaje, para aprovechando las sinergias entre tradición e innovación educativa, implementar una unidad didáctica posmétodo. Esta se basa en la enseñanza mediante tareas y el aprendizaje cooperativo y contempla, además de la integración delas cuatro destrezas –confiriendo especial protagonismo a la expresión escrita en blogs–,la atención a la forma y el desarrollo del componente metacognitivo. Asimismo, se hace énfasis en el potencial de la imagen, a través del cine y de la provisión de material auténtico, para canalizar la diferencia de referentes históricos entre la cultura de origen y de destino y poder facilitar así una aproximación a la época y figura de Goya por parte de estudiantes vietnamitas.

  10. Aplicaciones de la teoría de Wiener-Hopf a procesos de riesgo y de comonotonicidad en el cálculo de precios de opciones asiáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Panti Trejo, Henry Gaspar

    2006-01-01

    En ocasiones, el conocimiento de las distribuciones marginales y la matriz de correlación del vector aleatorio no es suficiente para determinar completamente la estructura de dependencia que éste guarda. Una herramienta que ha sido desarrollada en los últimos años para tratar este problema son las cópulas.

  11. Ozone et transport dans la haute troposphère tropicale de l’Océan Indien et de l’Asie du Sud : apport des données spatiales (IASI) et de la modélisation

    OpenAIRE

    Tocquer, Flore

    2015-01-01

    To better understand the processes controling for the distribution of upper tropospheric (UT) ozone (O3) in the tropics, this thesis examines different aspects of pollution transport from sources regions to UT level, through two case studies that take place in the still debated issues.. First study is based on IASI space observations identified an event of transport of UT enriched O3 air masses from Africa to India. During the pre-monsoon season, events of O3 enrichment in UT above the Indian...

  12. Simulation and Optimization of a-Si (n)/c-Si (p) Amorphous Layer of Hetero-junction Battery%a-Si(n)/c-Si(p)异质结电池非晶层的模拟优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴国盛; 王振文; 闻腾; 刘淑平

    2012-01-01

    Afors-het numerical simulation software,for a-Si(n) / a-Si(i) / c-Si(p) battery structure of the main parameters of the amorphous layer,the analog of the emission layer of the hetero junction cells was studied and discussed.Doping concentration,the interface state,the intrinsic amorphous layer thickness and an emission layer made the following conclusions: the thickness of the emission layer is principally affected shortwave photon absorption;decreased with increasing thickness,the battery performance;emission layer heavily doped with a condition to obtain good conversion efficiency;low interface state of the battery performance when the 1014cm-2·eV-1,the battery performance is poor;high quality of the intrinsic amorphous layer can be effectively passivated silicon,to reduce the interface state density,and to improve battery performance,but should be controlled within a certain thickness.%采用afors-het数值模拟软件,针对a-Si(n)/a-Si(i)/c-Si(p)电池结构的非晶层主要参数,模拟研究并讨论了异质结电池的发射层厚度、发射层掺杂浓度、界面态和本征非晶层。提出了如下结论:发射层厚度主要影响短波光子吸收;随着厚度的增加,电池性能均下降;发射层重掺杂是获得好的转化效率的一个条件;界面态较低时对电池性能影响不大,当达到1014cm-2·eV-1时,电池性能很差;高质量的本征非晶层可以有效钝化硅片,降低界面态密度,提高电池性能,但应控制一定厚度内。

  13. Hubungan Pemberian Mp-Asi Dini Dengan Kejadian Penyakit Infeksi Pada Bayi 0-6 Bulan Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sindar Raya Kecamatan Raya Kahean Kabupaten Simalungun Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Dewi Sri Nauli

    2013-01-01

    Infancy is a critical period in human life. Infants of age 0-6 months can grow optimally by using breast milk for the first six months. However, in reality, before six months many babies have been given complementary breastfeeding. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of early complementary breastfeeding with the infection incidence of infants 0-6 months in working area of Sindar Raya Health Center. This type of research was the descriptive study with cross-sectional...

  14. « Les fonctions du chien chez les pasteurs nomades des montagnes de l’Asie du Sud-Ouest ». Ethnozootechnie, n° 78, 2006, pp. 125-129.

    OpenAIRE

    Bromberger, Christian

    2008-01-01

    Se fondant sur sa longue expérience de terrain chez les Baḫtiyārī et sur une ample bibliographie, l’A. analyse les fonctions manifestes et latentes des chiens de campement et des chiens de troupeau dans les populations de pasteurs nomades qui, de l’Anatolie à l’Himalaya, pratiquent un nomadisme vertical. Chaque famille nucléaire, abritée sous une tente, possède deux ou trois chiens, chargés de protéger les personnes et les biens (les vols de bétail sont fréquents) et qui délimitent, en urinan...

  15. METABOLISME PREBIOTIK OLEH KANDIDAT PROBIOTIK ISOLAT ASI SEBAGAI DASAR PENGEMBANGAN PRODUK SINBIOTIK [Prebiotics Metabolism by Probiotics Candidates Isolated from Breast Milk as a Basis for Development of Sinbiotics Product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilis Nuraida1,2*

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Five Lactobacillus strains and two Pediococcus strains isolated from breast milk were evaluated for their ability to metabolite oligosaccharide known as prebiotics, i. e. inulin, FOS, GOS, FOS:GOS (1:9, and inulin:GOS (1:9. The result shows that all Lactobacillus and Pediococcus strains were able to grow in medium with prebiotics as carbon sources. The best growth was observed when GOS or FOS were used as carbon source, while inulin was the worst. The best growth in all oligosaccharides was observed in Lactobacillus R23H, followed by L. rhamnosus B16, L. rhamnosus R23, and L. rhamnosus R14. Further study on R23H (heterofermenter and R23 (homofermenter shows that there was no difference in metabolizing oligosaccharides between heterofermenter and homofermenter. GOS was the best prebiotic used by the both lactic acid bacteria as shown by rapid decrease of total sugar. The reducing sugar in medium containing GOS was higher than other oligosaccharides. The decrease of total sugar in medium containing inulin was the slowest, indicating that inulin was the most difficult prebiotic to be metabolized by the lactic acid bacteria. When inulin mixed with GOS in the ratio 1:9, the rate of decreasing of total sugar in the medium was similar to the medium with GOS as single carbon source, however it cannot be distinguished if the role of inulin took place after GOS disappeared. The rate of sugar metabolism was in accordance with the growth of lactic acid bacteria isolates in medium containing prebiotics. L. rhamnosus R23 was used in sinbiotic fermented milk product combine with FOS, inulin, and inulin:GOS (1:9. After fermentation, remaining sugar in skim milk with additional prebiotics was higher than skim milk without additional prebiotics. Remaining sugar on fermented milk product includes the amount of prebiotic that will be used as carbon source in colon. Combination of potential probiotic L. rhamnosus R23 and mixture of inulin:GOS (1:9 could be used to make sinbiotic fermented milk product.

  16. Controle químico da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sidow na cultura da soja Chemical control of soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sidow in soybean crop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Navarini

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A eficiência de diferentes doses de fungicidas aplicados em diversos estádios fenológicos da soja foi avaliada no controle de Phakopsora pachyrhizi. As cultivares de soja utilizadas nos experimentos foram RS 10, BRS 154, CD 201, BRS 153, CD 206 e CD 209, sendo conduzidos em condições de campo sob infecção natural do patógeno. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram variação significativa no rendimento quando duas aplicações de fungicidas foram realizadas. A seqüência de fungicidas utilizados bem como o inóculo presente na área experimental evidenciaram a eficácia de controle da ferrugem. Fungicidas do grupo das estrobirulinas aplicados no estádio R1 apresentaram o melhor desempenho, e o controle executado preventivamente possibilitou a maior efetividade.The efficiency of different fungicides rates applied at various soybean stages was evaluated to control Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Soybean cultivars used in the field trials under natural infection were: RS 10, BRS 154, CD 201, BRS 153, CD 206 and CD 209. Results showed significant variation on yield after two fungicide applications. The sequence of fungicides and the inoculum level at the experimental area were important to establish the efficacy of fungicides in the control of the disease. Strobirulins applied at R1 growth stage had the best performance and the preventative control resulted in the highest efficacy.

  17. Le Tibet de Samarcande et le pays de Kûsh : mythes et réalités d’Asie centrale chez Benjamin de Tudèle

    OpenAIRE

    Tardieu, Michel

    2011-01-01

    Les récits médiévaux des pèlerins juifs sont un mélange, souvent inextricable, d’observations directes et de traditions orales. Ces gens n’ont pas pour but de faire de l’histoire et de la géographie. Ils écrivent, ou dictent, leurs souvenirs de voyages pour édifier leurs coreligionnaires occidentaux. Il s’agit d’une littérature religieuse, composée par des fidèles nourris de la Bible et des commentaires rabbiniques de la Bible, Mishna et Talmud. Le monde des pèlerins juifs est un monde exclus...

  18. Interconexión monolítica de dispositivos fotovoltaicos basados en a-Si mediante ablación directa con fuentes láser ultravioleta

    OpenAIRE

    Lauzurica Santiago, Sara

    2013-01-01

    Resumen En la última década la tecnología láser se ha convertido en una herramienta imprescindible en la fabricación de dispositivos fotovoltaicos, muy especial¬mente en aquellos basados en tecnología de lámina delgada. Independiente¬mente de crisis coyunturales en el sector, la evolución en los próximos años de estas tecnologías seguirá aprovechándose de la flexibilidad y calidad de proceso de la herramienta láser para la consecución de los dos objetivos básicos que harán de la fotovoltaica ...

  19. Kas peate erisoodustusmaksu õigustatuks?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad riigikogu Reformierakonna fraktsiooni esimees Jürgen Ligi, ASi Neptun juhataja Elmar Lepp, ASi Formeer tegevdirektor Arvo Hiller ja rahandusministeeriumi nõuniku kohusetäitja Daaniel Vaarik

  20. Põlvamaa veeprojektidesse paigutatakse ligi 157 miljonit / Raivo Sihver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sihver, Raivo

    2008-01-01

    AS-i Põlva Vesi juhataja Olev Elmik ja AS-i Water Ser tegevjuht Indrek Hiiemäe allkirjastasid Põlvamaa veeprojekti 22 ehituslepingust neli Räpina lepingut. 85% rahast tuleb EL-i Ühtekuuluvusfondist

  1. Gaas tõstaks maakonna konkurentsivõimet / Marje Laugen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laugen, Marje

    2005-01-01

    Tõrvas peeti Valgamaa gaasiprojekti arutelu, kus osalesid AS-i Eesti Gaas, AS-i Fortum Termest ning Tõrva linna-, Helme valla- ja Valga maavalitsuse esindajad. Kommenteerib Valga maavanem Georg Trashanov

  2. Tootest olulisemaks saab ärimudel. Kandiline arbuus tavalisest 30 korda kallim / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Janek Kalvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Arengufondi juhatuse esimehe Ott Pärna, ASi Kalev Chocolate Factory juhataja Kaido Kaare ja ASi Balsnack International Holding juhatuse esimehe Elmar Rusingu ettekannetest toiduainetööstuse aastakonverentsil "Uue tõusu ootuses". Graafik

  3. Riik luges sanatooriumide aktsiaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Riik andis oma vähemusosaluse AS-ides Sanatoorium Tervis ja Värska Sanatoorium valitseda sotsiaalministeeriumilt rahandusministeeriumile. AS-i Sanatoorium Tervis ja AS-i Värska Sanatoorium aktsionäridest, aktsiakapitalist

  4. Kasvav kaubamaht saab oma tähelepanu / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2007-01-01

    Karastusjoogi- ja alkoholitootjate A. Le Coq AS-i, Coca Cola ja Liviko AS-i lahendustest tootmismahtude suvisest kasvust tingitud logistilistele probleemidele. Kommenteerivad Elmer Maas, Mait Miller. Vt. samas: Evert Kreek rohelise logistika hinnast

  5. The brand of the month - MONTON! / Urmas Väljaots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljaots, Urmas, 1981-

    2003-01-01

    AS-i Baltika avalike suhete juht Montoni kaubamärgiga seotud turundustegevusest. Kommenteerivad Audrius Savickas, Aigars Rungis ja Eriks Stendzenieks. Vt. samas intervjuud AS-i Baltika endise turundusjuhi Maarika Liivamäega; Monton chronology

  6. Piraattarkvara kaob tasapisi arvutitest / Kadrin Karner, Katre Pilvinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2010-01-01

    Business Software Alliance'i uuringust selgub, et 50 protsenti Eestis kasutatavast tarkvarast on piraattarkvara. Arvamust avaldavad Microsoft Eesti tootejuht Pert Lomp, Elion Ettevõtted ASi juhatuse esimees Valdur Laid ja Columbus IT Partner Eesti ASi tegevjuht Gristel Tali

  7. Koolitamine : andmisrõõm või edevus? / Ants Vasar, Arne Kaasik, Hele Hammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasar, Ants

    2007-01-01

    Küsimusele, miks olete hakanud ettevõtjana koolitajaks, vastavad ASi Viru Keskus juhatuse liige Ants Vasar, Columbus IT Partner Eesti ASi pertner ja nõukogu esimees Arne Kaasik ja Amserv Grupi finantsdirektor Hele Hammer

  8. Preparation and characterization of monosubstituted porphyrins immobilized on nanosilica

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ebrahim Ahmadi; Ali Ramazani; Asemeh Mashhadi-Malekzadeh; Zahra Hamdi; Zahra Mohamadnia

    2014-08-01

    Three kinds of heteroaldehydes, -(3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-4-formyl benzamide (TPHA/SiO2), were prepared by the reaction of terephthalaldehydic acid with different silica supports such as hexagonal SBA-15, spherical SBA-15 and amorphous SiO2 for comparison purposes. Anchoring of this aldehyde to different supports allows the synthesis of mono-substituted porphyrins without the production of di-, tri- and tetra-substituted porphyrin side products. The exclusion of the aforementioned side products during the synthesis of monosubstituted porphyrins greatly reduced the complexity during purification of the product. Absorption spectrophotometry was performed on silica gel immobilizing porphyrin (CPTTP), free base tetraphenylporphyrin (H2TPP) and heteroaldehydes (TPHA/SiO2) using UV–Visible instrument and confirmed the presence of porphyrin on the structure of CPTTP.

  9. Toimunud istungid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Riigikohtu otsusest ASi E hagis ASi J vastu 564 984 kr ja 4 sendi saamiseks ja ASi J vastuhagi E ASi vastu elektrivarustuse taastamiseks ning otsusest OÜ Priva, OÜ Priva Shipping Company, OÜ Priva Ehitus, OÜ Priva KV (endise ärinimega AB Priva Kinnisvara OÜ), Priva Trading OÜ (endise ärinimega AB Priva Trade OÜ) ja OÜ Priva Audit hagis OÜ PRIVA Baltic vastu, kus nõuti viimase sellise nime all tegevuse lõpetamist

  10. Hipodroom laiendab tegevust / Gea Velthut-Sokka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velthut-Sokka, Gea, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Hipodroomi haldaja AS Norfolk juhatuse esimees Vahur Nurm ettevõtte tegevusest ning AS-i Norfolk tütarettevõtte AS-i Totalisaator plaanist järgmisel aastal tegevust laiendada, avades kakskümmend ennustuspunkti üle Eesti. Diagrammid: AS-i Norfolk ja tütarfirma AS-i Totalisaator majandusnäitajad. Vt. samas: Omanik kasumit ei oota

  11. The estimation of serological assays for latent syphilis patients

    OpenAIRE

    Ozoliņš, Dzintars

    2010-01-01

    The estimation of serological assays for latent syphilis patients Abstract The aim of the current investigation is to evaluate how informative are serological assays for syphilis screening, the confirmation diagnosis of the late latent syphilis and for monitoring of the serological activity and treatment efficacy. Conclusions SED, TPHA, ELISA IgG, IgM and syphilis imunoblot IgG are useful for the late latent syphilis screening diagnostics. We do not recommend to use RPR for thi...

  12. Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. II. The effectiveness of antenatal syphilis screening and single-dose benzathine penicillin treatment for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Watson-Jones, D.; Gumodoka, B; H. Weiss; Changalucha, J; Todd, J.; Mugeye, K; Buvé, A; Kanga, Z; Ndeki, L; Rusizoka, M.; Ross, D.; Marealle, J.; Balira, R; Mabey, D; Hayes, R

    2002-01-01

    Treatment for maternal syphilis with single-dose benzathine penicillin (2.4 million units intramuscularly) is being implemented in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. To examine the effectiveness of this regimen, a prospective cohort of 1688 pregnant women was recruited in Tanzania. Birth outcomes were compared among women treated for high-titer (n=133; rapid plasma reagin [RPR] titer > or = 1:8 and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay [TPHA]/fluorescent treponemal antibody [FTA] positive)...

  13. Comparative study of Treponemal and non-Treponemal test for screening of blood donated at a blood center

    OpenAIRE

    Naidu, Narinder Kaur; Bharucha, Z. S.; Sonawane, Vandana; Ahmed, Imran

    2012-01-01

    The non-Treponemal tests such as Rapid Plasma Reagin test (RPR) or the Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory test are the most commonly used test for screening of syphilis in the blood centers in India. Now, with the availability of Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Immunochromatographic assays in the market, we decided to evaluate these assays in comparison with Treponema pallidum Haemagglutination Assay (TPHA) which was considered as a gold standard for this study. A total of 8 ...

  14. Similar serological response to conventional therapy for syphilis among HIV-positive and HIV-negative women

    OpenAIRE

    Goeman, J; Kivuvu, M.; Nzilambi, N.; Behets, F.; Edidi, B; Gnaore, E; Van Dyck, E; St. Louis, M.; Piot, P.; Laga, M.

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To compare characteristics of syphilis serological reactivity in HIV positive (+) and HIV negative (-) female sex workers, as well as the serological response to therapy after treatment with intramuscular benzathine penicillin, 2.4 million U weekly, for three consecutive weeks. METHODS--Rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA) results of 72 HIV-positive and 121 HIV-negative women reactive in both tests were assessed. The response to therapy w...

  15. Lack of serological evidence for venereal spirochaetosis in wild Victorian rabbits and the susceptibility of laboratory rabbits to Treponema paraluis-cuniculi.

    OpenAIRE

    Graves, S R; Edmonds, J. W.; Shepherd, R C

    1980-01-01

    Sera from 608 wild rabbits were examined using serological tests for syphilis as an indicator of infection with Treponema paraluis-cuniculi. Only eight sera gave positive or weakly positive results in the rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test, and none of these eight sera gave positive results in the Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA). Thus, it appears that wild rabbit populations in Victoria, Australia, are not naturally infected with T paraluis-cuniculi. Normal Australian laboratory...

  16. Evaluation of LIAISON Treponema Screen, a Novel Recombinant Antigen-Based Chemiluminescence Immunoassay for Laboratory Diagnosis of Syphilis

    OpenAIRE

    Marangoni, Antonella; Sambri, Vittorio; Accardo, Silvia; Cavrini, Francesca; D'Antuono, Antonietta; Moroni, Alessandra; Storni, Elisa; Cevenini, Roberto

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of LIAISON Treponema Screen (DiaSorin, Saluggia, Italy), a new automated chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA), in comparison with that of rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and the following currently used treponemal tests: hemagglutination test (TPHA), immunoenzymatic assay (EIA), and Western blot (WB). First, a retrospective study was performed with a panel of 2,494 blood donor sera, a panel of 131 clinical and serologically charac...

  17. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in women attending antenatal care in Tete province, Mozambique

    OpenAIRE

    Luján, Jhonny; Arrázola de Oñate, Wouter; Delva, Wim; Claeys, Patricia; Sambola, Fulgencia; Temmerman, Marleen; Fernando, Joaquim; Folgosa, Elena

    2008-01-01

    Objective. To determine the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and syphilis in pregnant women. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among women attending antenatal care clinics (ANCs). Blood samples were tested for syphilis using the rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and treponemal haemagglutination (TPHA) tests; CT and NG were diagnosed using a manual polymerase chain reaction assay on first-void urine samples. A socio-demographic questionnaire was com...

  18. 以声嘶为首发症状的二期梅毒1例%A Case of Hoarseness as the Initial Manifestation of Secondary Syphilis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何志新; 李军

    2004-01-01

    患者女,32岁.声音嘶哑1个月,伴掌跖皮疹1周.按"咽喉炎"给予常规抗生素治疗无效.查FTA-Abs(+),TPHA(+),RPR(+)1:32.经苄星青霉素治疗后很快好转,疗后1个月复查RPR(+)1:16.

  19. Prevalence of syphilis infection in Mozambican women with second trimester miscarriage and women attending antenatal care in second trimester.

    OpenAIRE

    Lindstrand, A; Bergström, S; Bugalho, A.; Zanconato, G; Helgesson, A M; Hederstedt, B.

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To elucidate whether recent syphilis infection is significantly more prevalent among women with mid-trimester miscarriage than among antenatal care attenders in midtrimester pregnancy. DESIGN--Two categories of pregnant women were compared regarding serological signs of syphilis. Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) analyses were done in Mozambique and Veneral Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) tests in Sweden. In case of RPR and/or VDRL positivity, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA...

  20. Syphilitic hepatitis: An uncommon manifestation of a common disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukriti Baveja

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hepatitis being first manifestation of secondary syphilis is rare. Here in we report a case of 39 years old male who was being treated for hepatitis and presented to us subsequently with itchy maculopapular rash. Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL titre was 1:16. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA was positive. He was treated with intramuscular Benzathine Penicillin. His hepatitis improved rapidly.

  1. Taanduva Kruuda asemele astub ambitsioonikas Kusmin / Harry Tuul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuul, Harry

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 2. aug. lk. 7. Kalevi müügi- ja teenindusdirektor Kati Kusmin asub juhtimisest taanduva Oliver Kruuda asemele Kalevi tütarfirmade AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory, AS-i Vilma ja AS-i Kalev Jõhvi Tootmine juhatuses. Lisa: Kati Kusmini CV. Vt. samas: Kruuda: taandun suuresti isiklikel põhjustel

  2. Hea toode ja lisateenused viivad sihile / Rivo Sarapik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Automüüjate TOP-i 3. koht. AS-i Esma Auto juhataja Urmas Brück'i hinnangul tagab edu automargi Mazda populaarsus, hea disain ja lisateenused. Diagramm: ASi Esma Auto käive ligi veerand miljardit. Lisa: ASi Esma Auto CV

  3. Iga otsus viib tagajärjeni, millest õppida / Ave Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavo, Ave

    2005-01-01

    Erinevatest õpetlikest töösituatsioonidest oma kogemuse põhjal räägivad Ruutmeeter OÜ tegevjuht Jana Põim, AS-i Baltazar finantsdirektor Kersti Rekor, HansaWorld Estonia AS-i tegevjuht Kersti Renzer ja MAP Eesti AS-i juhataja Külli Meister

  4. Transport, Interfaces, and Modeling in Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells: Final Technical Report, 11 February 2002 - 30 September 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schiff, E. A.

    2008-10-01

    Results for a-Si characteristics/modeling; photocarrier drift mobilities in a-Si;H, ..mu..c-Si:H, CIGS; hole-conducting polymers as p-layer for a-Si and c-Si; IR spectra of p/i and n/i interfaces in a-Si.

  5. Flora omanikud tülis / Inno Tähismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tähismaa, Inno, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Valdusfirma AS-i Flora Kommerts kahe vähemusaktsionäri Rita Kulli ja Elar Kruusma tehingutest Flora gruppi kuuluvate AS-i Flora Vara ja AS-i Flora Liit varaga. Diagramm: Vähemusaktsionärid näitasid võimu. Lisa: Flora juhid. Vt. samas: Kalleim osa kinnisvara

  6. Frequency of syphilis among antenatal clinic attendee in combined military hospital abbottabad

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frequency of syphilis among pregnant women attending Combined Military Hospital Abbottabad Study Design: Descriptive study. Material and Methods: A screening for syphilis of 500 married pregnant women presenting to antenatal clinics was carried out using the qualitative Rapid Plasma Regent (RPR) test/ Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test. The Treponema Palladium Haem-Agglutination Assay (TPHA) test was used as confirmatory test for all Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test positive cases. Results: A total of 8 women (1.6%) were positive for Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test. Out of these 4 (0.8%) were positive for Treponema Palladium Haem-Agglutination Assay (TPHA) test. All of these cases have bad obstetrical history. Conclusion: The sero-positivity of Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test is (1.6%), considered high among pregnant women reporting in obstetrics clinics of Combined Military Hospital Abbottabad. Similarly sero-positivity of Treponema Palladium Haem-Agglutination Assay (TPHA) test is (0.8%) considered high among the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test population. Therefore Screening of syphilis in pregnancy especially in patients having bad obstetrical history (BOH) should be incorporated into the study. (author)

  7. Assessment of reactivity of three treponemal tests in non-treponemal non-reactive cases from sexually transmitted diseases clinic, antenatal clinic, integrated counselling and testing centre, other different outdoor patient departments/indoor patients of a tertiary care centre and peripheral health clinic attendees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Bala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In India, many state reference centres for sexually transmitted infections perform only a single screening assay for syphilis diagnosis. In this study, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA was performed on 1115 Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL/rapid plasma regain (RPR non-reactive and 107 reactive sera out of 10,489 tested by VDRL/RPR according to the National AIDS Control Organisation syphilis testing protocol. A total of 47 Specimens reactive in TPHA and non-reactive with VDRL test were subjected to fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption and enzyme-immunoassay. Seroprevalence considering both VDRL and TPHA positivity was highest (4.4% in sexually transmitted diseases clinic attendees than in other subject groups. Positivity by two treponemal tests in 24 (2.2% cases non-reactive by VDRL/RPR was representative of the fully treated patients or latent or late syphilis cases. The findings highlight that a suitable treponemal confirmatory test should be performed in all the diagnostic laboratories.

  8. Prevalence of syphilis among HIV-seroreactive patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turbadkar D

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Presence of genital ulcer disease facilitates human immunodeficiency virus (HIV transmission and their -diagnosis is essential for the proper management. Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL test is used as a screening test for the diagnosis of syphilis. However, unusual VDRL test results have been reported in HIV-infected persons with syphilis. There are reports showing higher than expected VDRL titers as well as biological false positive in most of the studies. A negative Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR test or VDRL test result may not rule out syphilis in patients with HIV infection. For laboratory confirmation of syphilis, one specific Treponemal test, namely, Fluroscent Treponemal Antibody Absorption (FTA-ABS test or Treponema Pallidum Haemagglutination Assay (TPHA should be done along with VDRL. In the present study, 88 HIV-seropositive patients with history of high-risk behaviour were screened for syphilis by VDRL test. Out of these 88 cases, 42 (47.7% patients were positive for TPHA and eight (9.1% patients were reactive for VDRL in various titers. All the eight patients who were reactive for VDRL test were also positive for TPHA test. Persons with HIV infection acquired through sexual route should be screened for sexually transmitted infections (STIs, and all patients with STIs should be counselled for HIV testing. This will help in proper management of patients having STIs and HIV coinfection.

  9. 比较梅毒血清学检验的不同检测方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺亚军

    2015-01-01

    目的:比较不同血清学检测方法诊断梅毒效用。方法:取204例确诊梅毒患者作为病例组,208例全面体检健康者为对照组,分别以联袂免疫吸附试验(enzyme 1inked immunosorbent assay,ELISA)、梅毒螺旋体明胶凝集试验(treponema pallidum particle agglutination,TPPA)、胶体金快速检测实验(SYP)、梅毒螺旋体凝集实验(treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay,TPHA)、甲苯胺红不加热血清反应素试验(toluidine red unheated-serum test,TRUST)进行检测。结果:TRUST病例组与一期梅毒阳性率低于SYP,SYP低于ELISA、TPPA、TPHA,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);TRUST诊断三期、隐性梅毒阳性率低于SYP、ELISA、TPPA、TPHA,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:ELISA、TPPA、TPHA均可作为理想的梅毒血清检验方法,SYP也可用于隐性梅毒诊断。

  10. Utility of immunochromatographic assay as a rapid point of care test for screening of antenatal syphilis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bineeta Kashyap

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Syphilis is one of the most common preventable causes of adverse effects during pregnancy. Antenatal screening prevents the delay between diagnosis and treatment there by reducing the risk of congenital syphilis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of an immunochromatographic assay as a point of care test for antenatal screening of syphilis. Materials and Methods: Sera of 200 antenatal mothers were evaluated for serodiagnosis of syphilis by the venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL, Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA and SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test. The performance of SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test was compared with VDRL as screening assay and TPHA as a confirmatory test. Results: The antenatal prevalence of syphilis was found to be 2% by both VDRL and TPHA. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and the negative predictive value of SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test were 75%, 100%, 100%, and 99.45%, respectively. Conclusions: Antenatal screening and treatment of maternal syphilis are cost-effective health interventions even under the low prevalence of infection. SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test, although having less sensitivity than the existing testing strategy, can have a tremendous impact on the disease burden if used prudently for the screening of antenatal mothers in peripheral health settings.

  11. Value of FTA - ABS for diagnosis of early syphilis and congenital syphilis%梅毒荧光吸收试验在早期梅毒和先天性梅毒诊断中的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巫翠萍; 覃西; 钱士匀

    2005-01-01

    [目的]探讨梅毒荧光吸收实验(FTA-ABS)对早期梅毒和先天性梅毒中的诊断价值.[方法]利用FTA-ABS、TPHA和RPR同时检测88例梅毒患者、74例非梅毒患者以及82例正常体检者的血清.[结果]3种实验的特异性分别为FTA-ABS 100%、TPHA 98.1%、RPR 92.9%,FTA-ABS与TPHA比较无显著性差异(P>0.05),但高于RPR(P<0.01);3种实验的敏感性分别为FTA-ABS 96.6%、TPHA 88.6%、RPR 83.0%,FTA-ABS与TPHA、RPR比较有显著性差异(P<0.05、P<0.01).对一期梅毒的敏感性为FTA-ABS 100%、TPHA 87.1%、RPR 83.9%;对二期梅毒的敏感性均为100%;对三期梅毒的敏感性为FTA-ABS 92.8%、TPHA 100%、RPR 92.8%;对先天性梅毒的敏感性为FTA-ABS 87.5%、TPHA 62.5%、RPR 43.8%,FTA-ABS与TPHA、RPR比较,诊断一期梅毒和先天性梅毒具有显著性差异(P<0.05、P<0.01),诊断二期和三期梅毒无显著性差异(P>0.05).[结论]FTA-ABS是诊断早期梅毒和先天性梅毒的敏感性指标.

  12. Prevalence and risk factors of syphilis infection among drug addicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuhlmann Thomas

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent epidemiological data show an increased trend of official estimates for syphilis infection in the general population. Many of the infected cases remain undetected leaving an underestimation of the true prevalence of syphilis in the general population, but also among subpopulations such as illicit drug users. There is limited epidemiological data published on the proportion and risk factors of syphilis infections associated with illicit drug abuse. Methods Illicit drug addicts (n = 1223 in inpatients units in Germany were screened (2000–01 for syphilis and interviewed regarding patterns of drug use and sexual behaviour. TPHA-test for initial screening and FTA-ABS-IgM test in TPHA-positive patients were used. Results In total, TPHA-tests were positive in 39 (3.3% and 7 patients (0.6% were IgM positive. The prevalence rate for syphilis in males was 1.9% and for women it was 8.5%. Female patients were 4.56 (CI 95% 2.37–8.78 times more likely to have a positive TPHA test than males. Sexual behaviours such as high number of sexual partners, sex for drugs/money, sex on the first day were associated with syphilis infection only in women. Females with frequent sex for drugs or money had 4.31 (CI 95% 2.32–8.52 times more likely a reactive TPHA test than remaining patients. Neither the sociodemographic factors nor sexual behaviour were statistically significant associated with syphilis infection among men at all. Conclusion Our data suggest the need for screening for syphilis among these illicit drug users in inpatient settings, in particular among sexual active women. This conclusion is corroborated by the finding of increasing numbers of syphilis infections in the general population. The identification of syphilis cases among drug addicts would give treatment options to these individuals and would help to reduce the spread of infection in this population, but also a spread into heterosexual populations related to

  13. Dimerization of two novel apoptosis-inducing proteins and its function in regulating cell apoptosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘青珍; 甘淼; 齐义鹏; 李凌云; 齐兵

    2003-01-01

    Asy (apoptosis/saibousi Yutsudo) is a novel apoptosis-inducing gene found in 1999 by Yutsudo group in Japan. In 2000, Qi Bing et al. cloned another novel gene, named hap (homologue of ASY protein), which encoded the ASY interact ing protein, from human lung cell line (WI-38) cDNA library by using yeast two-h ybrid system. It has been proved that ASY formed homodimer in yeast and human ce ll line, ASY and HAP formed heterodimer in yeast cells, and both induced cell ap optosis in human tumor cell lines Sao2 and CGL4. This paper showed that HAP coul d form homodimer in yeast cells by yeast two-hybrid system; HAP and ASY could pr oduce heterodimer in human cell line by cross-immunoprecipitation test; by using apoptosis-testing technologies such as AnnexinV, TUNEL, DNA ladder and Flow Cyt ometry, the cell apoptosis in human normal or tumor cell lines transfected with hap or asy individually or cotransfected by the both was qualified or quantified . It was firstly demonstrated that ASY or HAP induced cell apoptosis not only in human tumor cell lines, but also in human normal cell lines. Moreover, we prove d that the heterodimer between ASY and HAP decreased apoptosis-inducing activity from the homodimer of ASY or HAP. It revealed that by choosing to form heterodi mer or homodimer between ASY and / or HAP is an important mechanism of regulatin g apoptosis in human cell lines.

  14. 认知行为疗法联合心理护理对银屑病患者治疗效果的影响%Influence of treatment effect of cognitive behavioral therapy combined with psychological care for patients with psori-asis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林雪香; 张峰; 卢婉娇

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of treatment effect of cognitive behavioral therapy combined with psy -chological care for patients with psoriasis .Methods 135 cases of patients with psoriasis were randomly divided into observa-tion group(87 cases)and control group(48 cases).Control group was given with dermatologist routine nursing care;Observa-tion group was given with cognitive behavior therapy combined with psychological nursing intervention measures .Compared the clinical curative effect ,treatment adherence ,satisfaction with care and hospitalization time of two groups .Investigated the men-tal health and quality of life by Self-Rating Anxiety Scale ( SAS ) , Self-rating Depression Scale ( SDS ) , Life Quality Index (DLQI).Results The treatment adherence,satisfaction with care and clinical total effective rate of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group ,the hospitalization time of observation group was shorter than control group;Af-ter intervention,the SAS,SDS and DLQI score of two groups was lower than before teatment ,and observation group was lower than control group,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Cognitive behavior therapy in combi-nation with psychological intervention is applied to the care of patients with psoriasis ,clinical effect is remarkable ,can obvious-ly improve the patient′s self management behavior ,reduce the psoriatic patients state of anxiety and depression ,improve their quality of life,playing an important role in the treatment ,prevention,rehabilitation of psoriasis .%目的:探讨认知行为疗法联合心理干预对银屑病患者治疗效果的影响。方法选择在该院治疗的银屑病患者135例,将所有患者随机分为2组,对照组48例给予皮肤科常规护理及健康教育,观察组87例在对照组的基础上给予认知行为疗法联合心理护理干预措施,观察2组患者的临床疗效,比较2组患者的治疗依从性、护理满意度及住院时间,应用焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、生活质量指数(DLQI)在患者入院当天和出院前1d对患者心理健康及生活质量状况进行调查。结果观察组患者的治疗总依从性、护理总满意度及临床总有效率均显著高于对照组,住院时间短于对照组;治疗后2组SDS、SAS及DLQI评分均显著降低,且观察组低于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论认知行为疗法联合心理干预应用于银屑病患者的护理中,临床效果显著,可明显提高患者的自我管理行为,减轻银屑病患者的焦虑、抑郁状态,提高生活质量,在银屑病的治疗、预防、康复中具有重要作用。

  15. Stratégies actives et stratégies passives d'exportation en amérique latine et en asie orientale. La croissance liée à la composition particulière des produits et à la spécificité des institutions

    OpenAIRE

    José Gabriel PALMA

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates the growth implications of the old controversy of whether there is a difference for developing countries between exporting potato-chips and micro-chips. It concludes that the experience of Latin America and East Asia since 1980 (i.e., during the period of “globalisation”) clearly shows that growth is indeed a product- and institution-specific phenomenon.

  16. The Library of Congress, Dewey Decimal, and Universal Decimal Classification Systems are Incomplete and Unsystematic. A Review of: Zins, C., & Santos, P. L. V. A. C. (2011. Mapping the knowledge covered by library classification systems. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(5, 877-901. doi:10.1002/asi.21481

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cari Merkley

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the extent to which knowledge is currently addressed by the Library of Congress (LCC, Dewey Decimal (DDC, and Universal Decimal (UDC classification systems.Design – Comparative analysis of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems using Zin’s 10 Pillars of Knowledge.Setting – The Faculty of Philosophy and Science at a Brazilian university.Subjects – Forty one subject-related classes and 386 subclasses from the first two levels of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems.Methods – To evaluate the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems, the researchers employed the 10 Pillars of Knowledge, a “hierarchical knowledge tree” developed by the lead author of this study (p. 878. According to the authors, the 10 Pillars of Knowledge seek to illustrate relationships between fields of knowledge while capturing their breadth. The first level of the Pillars consists of the following categories: Knowledge, Supernatural, Matter and Energy, Space and Earth, Nonhuman Organizations, Body and Mind, Society, Thought and Art, Technology, and History. Each of the 10 Pillars is further subdivided, resulting in a four level hierarchical structure of 76 categories. Of the 76 categories, 55 are unique subject areas. A selection of subject-based classes and subclasses from the first two levels of the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems were then mapped to the relevant subclasses within the Pillars. Analysis was limited to the first two levels of LCC, DDC, and UDC, except for the LCC categories of BF and BL where further subclasses were analyzed. Classes or subclasses in LCC, DDC, or UDC that were not subject based (for example, those based on publication type were excluded from the study. In total, 41 main classes and 386 subclasses from LLC, DDC, and UDC were categorized using the 10 Pillars.Main Results – The LLC, DDC, and UDC systems were deemed to be complete and systematic in their coverage of only three of the 10 Pillars: Matter and Energy, Thought and Art, and History. This means that there was at least one class or subclass in each of the three systems that corresponded to the subclasses in these pillars. The remaining seven pillars were only partially covered by the three systems to varying degrees. For example, the coverage of religion in LCC and DDC show evidence of a bias towards Christianity and incomplete coverage of other faiths. In addition to the lack of completeness in terms of subject coverage, the researchers found inconsistencies and problems with how relationships between subjects were illustrated by the systems. For example, botany should be a subclass of biology, but the subjects occupy the same level in the LCC, DDC, and UDC systems. Researchers also noted cases where subclasses on the same level were not mutually exclusive e.g., the BR (Christianity and BS (The Bible subclasses in LCC. Overall, LLC performed slightly better than DDC or UDC, covering 47 of the 55 unique subject categories in the 10 Pillars. It was followed by UDC with 44 out of 55, and DDC with 43 out of 55. Some of the 55 unique subject categories in the 10 Pillars system were not represented by any of the systems: 3 subclasses under Society (Society at Large – Area Based, Social Groups – Age, and Social Groups – Ethnicity, 2 under Technology (Technologies – Materials and Technologies – Processes, and 1 under Foundations (Methodology.Conclusion – The researchers conclude that none of the three major classification systems analyzed provides complete and systematic coverage of the world of knowledge, and call for the library community to move to new systems, such as the 10 Pillars of Knowledge.

  17. ...And That's How It All Began: Putting Information about Your Child's Growth, Health and Safety All within Your Reach...Because the First Years Last Forever! = ...Y asi es como empezo todo: Ponemos a su alcance en forma conjunta la informacion sobre el crecimiento, la salud y la seguridad de su hijo...Porque los primeros anos duran para siempre!

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina Partnership for Children, Raleigh.

    Smart Start is North Carolina's model early childhood initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and prepared for success. This resource guide, in Spanish and English versions, is designed to provide parents with information on infant and child development, health care, and resources for further assistance. Presented in an…

  18. Vliv pěstování palmy olejné Elaeis guineensis na faunu Jihovýchodní Asie s bližším zaměřením na ohrožené druhy savců

    OpenAIRE

    Moravcová, Helena

    2014-01-01

    In Southeast Asia 12% of rain forest is lost per year. Among other things the deforestation and fragmentation for the purpose of growing monocultural crops leads to extinction of species, reduction of biodiversity and a loss of habitat of many species. Fragmentation, which is necessary for gaining agricultural areas for growing monocultures, disables migration of various species of animals. This limits the access to natural sources of food and water and leads to more frequent conflicts with p...

  19. Ocorrência do molusco asiático Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774 (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae no baixo rio Negro, Amazônia central Occurrence of the Asian mollusc Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774 (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae in the lower Rio Negro, Central Amazon Region, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Mansur Pimpão

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O rio Negro é um dos maiores afluentes do rio Amazonas, mas poucos moluscos foram registrados até o momento para aquele rio, representados apenas por gastrópodes. Foi registrada a presença do molusco bivalve exótico Corbicula fluminea na margem esquerda do baixo rio Negro, no lago do Tupé e no Catalão - margem direita do rio Negro, todas localidades no município de Manaus, Brasil. O registro foi realizado por meio da coleta de conchas e espécimes vivos. É o primeiro registro de C. fluminea para o estado do Amazonas e Amazônia central.The Rio Negro is one of the biggest Rio Amazonas tributaries. Few molluscs have been registered to that river yet, represented only by gastropods. It is reported the occurrence of the exotic bivalve mollusc Corbicula fluminea in left bank margin of Rio Negro, Lago do Tupé and Catalão - right bank margin of Rio Negro, all localities in the municipality of Manaus, Brazil. The species is recorded by a collection of shells and specimens alive. This is the first occurrence of C. fluminea in the Amazon State and Central Amazon.

  20. Collaborative Learning is an Effective Method for Improving the E-health Literacy of Older Adults in the Community. A Review of: Xie, B. (2011. Older adults, e-health literacy, and collaborative learning: An experimental study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(5, 933-946. doi: 10.1002/asi.21507

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresa S. Arndt

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether collaborative learning strategies in an informal class setting can improve electronic health literacy skills of older adults.Design – Pre- and post-test instruments used to measure effects of an educational intervention.Setting – Small group classes offered at two branches of a large, publicly funded, urban public library in Maryland.Subjects – A total of 111 adults aged 52 to 91, mean age 70.4 (SD 8.0, completed the study. The majority of participants were from minority populations (66% African American, 3% Latino, 3% Asian. Thirty three percent of participants reported an annual household income below $20,000. Eight percent were non-native English speakers. The majority of participants had low-level or no computer/Internet experience prior to the study.Methods – Collaborative learning strategies were used in small group hands-on computer classes to deliver a standardized curriculum (Helping Older Adults Search for Health Information Online: A Toolkit for Trainers from the National Institute on Aging. Strategies employed were: explicit statement of group/participatory nature of class, periodic peer shared reflection times during class, active encouragement of discussion between peers, hands-on work with partners, group discussion of real-life questions from participants, and structured shared reflection time at the close of each session. Participants were recruited through local advertisements. No incentive other than the free classes was offered. Groups met for two hours, twice a week for four weeks. Assessment was via pre and post-tests. General computing knowledge/skills were measured using objective tests of abilities. Questions from several established scales were adapted for additional assessment. E-health literacy was measured using questions of perceived skill and comfort in finding health information online; perceived usefulness of the Internet for help making health decisions; and perceived importance of the Internet for obtaining health information. Subjects were also asked to report on changes to their health behaviour/decision- making post intervention, and learning effort expended during the study. Additional questions measured psychological adjustment to later life, attitudes toward computers, attitude toward the aging experience, and attitude toward the collaborative learning method and the class.Main Results – A dependent t-test analysis indicated strong significant gains post-test in computing/Internet knowledge and skills, and in e-health literacy efficacy (perceived skills/comfort with using the Internet for health information and decision-making. Pre-test results showed participants to be low on these measures, leaving much room for improvement. Perception of the usefulness and importance of the Internet for health decision-making also showed strong gains.Significant positive changes were also found in these areas of attitude: reduction of computer anxiety, attitude toward physical changes associated with aging, and improvement in attitude toward the collaborative learning method.A majority of participants indicated altering health-related behaviours as a result of the class, including changing the way they think about diet or exercise, changing the way they cope with a condition, and changing their approach to maintaining health.The results showed no significant change in self-esteem, self-efficacy, and psychological attitudes toward aging. Computer interest and efficacy also showed no significant change, perhaps because participants already measured high in these prior to the intervention.The amount of time participants spent preparing for class correlated significantly to e-health literacy efficacy and perceived importance of Internet health information, but not to other outcome measures.Group composition (gender, peer familiarity, prior computer experience did not affect outcomes; however composition was uneven, as groups were small and variable in size, and 71% of participants were female.Conclusion – The study supports the use

  1. The partially denuclearized area of North-East Asia. Status of ten years of informal 'new diplomacy'; La zone partiellement denuclearisee de l'Asie du Nord-Est. Bilan de dix annees de 'nouvelle diplomatie' informelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sionneau, B. [Bordeaux-4 Univ.- Montesquieu, Centre d' Analyse Politique Comparee, de Geostrategie et de Relations Internationales, 33 (France); Ecole de Management, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Dusclaud, M. [Bordeaux-4 Univ.- Montesquieu, Centre d' Analyse Politique Comparee, de Geostrategie et de Relations Internationales, 33 (France); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 33 (France)

    2003-07-01

    In 1991, the G. Bush administration decided to remove away all US surface tactic nuclear weapons everywhere in the world in order to reduce the nuclear warfare risk. This decision has led to the ratification by both Northern Korea and Southern Korea of the declaration on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, followed the same year by Mongolia which has become nuclear weapons free. As a consequence of these initiatives, the Center for international strategy, technology and policy (CISTP) of the Georgia institute of technology (Atlanta, USA) has decided the creation of a 'limited nuclear weapons free zone North-East Asia'(LNWFZ), based on cooperation, arms control and non-proliferation. This article describes the genesis of this inter-governmental process of informal diplomacy: proposal of creation of a league for non-nuclear states for North-East Asia, of implementation of an inspection regime and of a cooperative security community, of establishment of confidence building measures and of economic incentives. Then it describes the main components of the LNWFZ project and the obstacles that must be cleared away before its official implementation. (J.S.)

  2. Evaluación de insecticidas para el control del psílido asiático de los cítricos (Diaphorina citri) Kuwayama (Hemíptera: Liviidae) en sus diferentes estados biológicos, en limón persa.

    OpenAIRE

    Ruíz Galván, Isabel

    2014-01-01

    Se evaluaron seis formulaciones comerciales de insecticidas para el control de los diferentes estados biológicos de Diaphorina citri (Kuwayama) en limón persa en condiciones de invernadero y en laboratorio. Los insecticidas estudiados fueron Imidacloprid + Betacyflutrin, Spirotetramat, Imidacloprid, Thiametoxam + Lambda cyalotrina, Imidacloprid + Lambda cyalotrina, Aceite parafínico de petróleo y un testigo sin aplicación. Se utilizaron especímenes de una cria de D. citri establecida en enero...

  3. 中西医结合治疗复发性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病的临床观察%Clinical Observation on the Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidi-asis with Combination of TCM and Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金凤; 刘云波

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical curative effect of combined traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine on recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). Methods: Seventy-one patients with RVVC were randomly divided into observation group (n=36) and control group (n=35), patients in the control group were treated with fluconazole combined nifuratel nysfungin vaginal soft capsules; based on the control group treatmemt, patients of the observation group received syndrome differentiated decoctions of Chinese medicine for fumigation/wash and oral administration. Results: The observation group showed higher cure rate and lower relapse rate than the control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The combined treatment of TCM and western medicine has better curative effects for RVVC.%目的:中西医结合治疗复发性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病(RVVC)的临床疗效。方法:71例RVVC患者随机分为观察组(n=36)和对照组(n=35);对照组给予氟康唑联合硝呋太尔制霉素阴道软胶囊;观察组在对照组用药基础上,加中药煎汤熏洗和内服。结果:观察组治愈率高,复发率低,明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:中西医结合治疗RVVC疗效好。

  4. Identificação e validação de marcadores microssatélites ligados ao gene Rpp5 de resistência à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja Identification and validation of microsatellite markers linked to the Rpp5 gene conferring resistance to Asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaiza Galhardo Silva Morceli

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar novos marcadores microssatélites, ligados ao gene Rpp5 de resistência à ferrugem-da-soja, e validar os marcadores previamente mapeados, para que possam ser utilizados em programas de seleção assistida por marcadores moleculares (SAM. Para tanto, uma população F2 com 100 indivíduos, derivada do cruzamento entre a PI 200526 e a cultivar Coodetec 208, suscetível à ferrugem, foi artificialmente infectada e avaliada quanto à sua reação de resistência à ferrugem. Marcadores microssatélites foram testados nos genitores e em dois "bulks" contrastantes, para a identificação de marcadores ligados. Dois novos marcadores, potencialmente associados à resistência, foram testados em plantas individuais, e se constatou que eles estão ligados ao gene Rpp5 e estão presentes no grupo de ligação N da soja. A eficiência de seleção foi determinada em relação a todos os marcadores ligados ao gene Rpp5, e a combinação entre os marcadores Sat_275+Sat_280 foi de 100%.The main objective of this work was to identify new microsatellite markers, linked to the Rpp5 resistance gene to Asian soybean rust, and to validate previously mapped markers for use in marker-assisted selection (MAS programs. To this end, a F2 population with 100 individuals, derived from crossing between PI 200526 and cultivar Coodetec 208, susceptible to rust, was artificially infected and evaluated for its reaction of resistance to rust. Microsatellite markers were tested on parents and in the two contrasting bulks to identifying linked markers. Two new markers, potentially associated with resistance, were tested in individual plants, and they were found to be linked to gene Rpp5 and to be present in the N linkage group of soybean. The selection efficiencies were determined for all markers linked to gene Rpp5, and the combination of the markers Sat_275+Sat_280 was 100%.

  5. Quantificação da ferrugem asiática e aspectos nutricionais de soja suprida com silício em solução nutritiva Quantification of Asian rust and nutritional aspects of soybean due to the use of silicon supplied via nutrient solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Maria de Lima

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Para quantificar a severidade da ferrugem, os teores de clorofilas a e b e os carotenóides e também a nutrição em plantas de soja supridas com silício, implantou-se um experimento em blocos casualizados com 6 tratamentos e 4 repetições. Os tratamentos consistiram em doses de silicato de potássio (0 mg/L, 56 mg/L, 112 mg/L, 168 mg/L, 224 mg/L e 280 mg/L. As plantas foram inoculadas no estádio V4. Nove dias após a inoculação, iniciaram-se as avaliações semanais do número de lesões de ferrugem da soja/cm² de área foliar, no total de cinco. Ao final do experimento, os dados foram integrados ao longo do tempo, obtendo-se a área abaixo da curva do número de lesões/cm² (AACNL. Após o término das avaliações, determinou-se a quantidade de clorofilas a e b, carotenóides e lignina das folhas das plantas de soja com as doses crescentes de silício. Os teores de macro e micronutrientes da parte aérea das plantas também foram analisados. Observou-se redução da AACNL com aumento das doses de silício na solução nutritiva. A AACNL reduziu, enquanto que os teores de fósforo, cálcio, enxofre e zinco, de clorofila b, carotenóides e lignina, na parte aérea, aumentaram com a adição de silício.Aiming to quantify the severity of Asian rust, the content of the chlorophylls a and b and carotenoids as well some nutritional aspects of soybean plants supplied with silicon in the form of soluble potassium silicate solution an experiment was carried out in a random block design with 6 treatments and four replicates. Treatments comprised potassium six silicate doses (0 mg/L, 56 mg/L, 112 mg/L, 168 mg/L, 224 mg/L and 280 mg/L. Plants were inoculated at the V4 stage and evaluated for rust severity five times starting at the 9th day after inoculation weekly. The severity data were integrated with time obtaining the area under the number lesions progress curve (AUNLC. At the end of experiment, shoots from plants that received increasing silicon doses were sampled in order to analyze the chlorophyll a and b, carotenoids, lignin, macro and micronutrients. Adding silicon reduced AUNLC and increase the level of chlorophyll b, carotenoids, lignin, P, Ca, S and Zn in soybean plants.

  6. “建筑=身体:无形力量的战场”——现象学透镜下的克努特·汉姆生中心%BUILDING ASiA BODY: BATTLEGROUND OF INVISIBI-E FORCES:INTERPRETATION OFKNUT HAMSUN CENTER IN PHENOMENOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯琳; 宋昆

    2011-01-01

    This article introduces the architecture concept of Knut Hamsun Center, Building as a Body: Battleground of Invisible Forces. Architecture and body are analysed with the help of phenamenology. The interactive relationship between them is revealed by showing the process that the paths in space drive body movement and perception, which leads to the realization of the meaning of architecture.%本文对克努特·汉姆生中心的设计概念“建筑=身体:无形力量的战场”进行解读,在现象学维度下探讨建筑与身体的问题,通过阐释身体在空间路径的引导下运动、感知,从而使建筑的意义得以显现的过程,揭示建筑与身体间相互敞开的对话关系。

  7. Public Library Users are Challenged by Digital Information Preservation. A Review of: Copeland, A. J. (2011. Analysis of public library users’ digital preservation practices. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(7, 1288-1300. doi: 10.1002/asi.21553

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin E. Miller

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To discover the factors that influence digital information preservation practices and attitudes of adult public library users.Design – Mixed methodology combining matrix questionnaires, interviews, and visual mapping.Setting – Urban public library on the EastCoast of the United States.Subjects – 26 adult members of a publiclibrary’s Friends group.Methods – The researcher conducted semi-structured interviews with 26 participants. All participants drew maps to indicate the types of information they value and why, and their preferences for information storage and maintenance. Qualitative data were supplemented by a matrix questionnaire on which 22 participants identified the types of digital information they maintain, and modes of storage.Main Results – Some public library users may store and organize information inconsistently, utilizing a variety of digital devices. Technical, social, and emotional context influences choices about organization, sharing of information, and short- and long-term preservation. Users reported placing a higher value on born digital information, and information that they had shared with others. Conclusion – Public librarians may have a role in facilitating growth of patron knowledge about creation, storage, preservation, and sharing of personal digital information.

  8. Rethinking Rice Preparation for Highly Efficient Removal of Inorganic Arsenic Using Percolating Cooking Water.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manus Carey

    Full Text Available A novel way of cooking rice to maximize the removal of the carcinogen inorganic arsenic (Asi is presented here. In conventional rice cooking water and grain are in continuous contact, and it is known that the larger the water:rice cooking ratio, the more Asi removed by cooking, suggesting that the Asi in the grain is mobile in water. Experiments were designed where rice is cooked in a continual stream of percolating near boiling water, either low in Asi, or Asi free. This has the advantage of not only exposing grain to large volumes of cooking water, but also physically removes any Asi leached from the grain into the water receiving vessel. The relationship between cooking water volume and Asi removal in conventional rice cooking was demonstrated for the rice types under study. At a water-to-rice cooking ratio of 12:1, 57±5% of Asi could be removed, average of 6 wholegrain and 6 polished rice samples. Two types of percolating technology were tested, one where the cooking water was recycled through condensing boiling water steam and passing the freshly distilled hot water through the grain in a laboratory setting, and one where tap water was used to cook the rice held in an off-the-shelf coffee percolator in a domestic setting. Both approaches proved highly effective in removing Asi from the cooking rice, with up to 85% of Asi removed from individual rice types. For the recycled water experiment 59±8% and 69±10% of Asi was removed, on average, compared to uncooked rice for polished (n=27 and wholegrain (n=13 rice, respectively. For coffee percolation there was no difference between wholegrain and polished rice, and the effectiveness of Asi removal was 49±7% across 6 wholegrain and 6 polished rice samples. The manuscript explores the potential applications and further optimization of this percolating cooking water, high Asi removal, discovery.

  9. Saku ja A. Le Coq võitsid väiketootjailt turgu / Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajalo, Priit, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 14. nov., lk 4. Kui selle aasta esimese üheksa kuuga AS-i Saku Õlletehas ja AS-i A. Le Coqi Tartu Õlletehas turuosa kasvas, siis väikeste õlletootjate - AS-i Viru Õlu, AS-i Pärnu Õlu, AS-i Nigula Õlu ja AS-i Sillamäe Õlletehas - turuosad kahanesid või jäid samale tasemele. Suuremate õlletehaste esindajate sõnul peaksid väikesed õlletehased keskenduma pigem spetsiifiliste nishiõllede tootmisele. Tabel: Saku püsib liidrikohal

  10. Serological test of 3395 cases with high risk of syphilis: the result analysis%3395例梅毒高危人群血清学试验结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊; 余斐斐; 朱秋萍; 傅爱清

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To study the serologic test for syphilis in high risk population. METHODS Totally 3395 cases of syphilis in high-risk groups, routed RPR, ELISA test, positive results were confirmed with TPPA, TPHA serological test. RESULTS RPR with ELISA results were significantly different, P<0. 01. In this set of data, RPR results were positive 394 cases (11. 6%),ELISA results were positive 808 cases (23. 8%), TPPA results showed that 792 cases (23. 3%) were positive, TPHA results showed that 780 cases (23. 0%) were positive. When TPHA result was positive, TPPA and ELISA examination were positive simultaneously. ELISA results were false-positive 17 cases, accounting for 2.1 %; RPR results were false-positive 4 cases, accounting for 1.0%. there were 10 cases weakly positive ELISA specimens, including 8 cases of TPPA and TPHA confirmatory test was positive, while the other two cases for the confirmatory test was negative. CONCLUSION ELISA test is more sensitive than RPR test, Therefore, when conditions are available ELISA reagents for screening of highquality. When ELISA results are weak-positive samples, if necessary, TPPA and TPHA reagents can be applied to confirm the quality.%目的 研究梅毒高危人群血清学试验在临床上的检测价值. 方法 对3395例梅毒高危人群,常规进行梅毒血浆反应素快速试验(RPR)、酶联免疫吸附(ELISA)检测,阳性者再行梅毒螺旋体颗粒凝集试验(TPPA) 、间接血凝试验(TPHA)血清学试验确证. 结果 RPR与ELISA检测结果 比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);在本组资料中,RPR阳性394例(11.6%),ELISA阳性808例(23.8%),TPPA阳性792例(23.3%),TPHA阳性780例(23.0%);TPHA阳性者,TPPA和ELISA检查同时阳性;ELISA试验共有17例假阳性,占2.1%;而RPR试验共有4例假阳性,占1.0%;有10例ELISA弱阳性标本,其中8例为TPPA和TPHA确证试验为阳性,而其他2例为确证试验阴性. 结论 ELISA敏感性高于RPR,因此有条件时可用高质量

  11. Sissejuhatus rahandussse / Irina Esko, Jelena Demjanova, Maksim Panfilov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esko, Irina, 1959-

    2000-01-01

    Järg nr. 2, lk. 29-34; nr.3 lk. 33-36. Ilmunud ka: nr.5 lk. 31-34 art. Uus on unustatud vana. Bilansi struktuur, aktsiaseltside kolm arenguvarianti ja kolme tüüpi suhted: ASi aktsionärid, ASi palgatöötajad ja ASi juhid. Aktsiaseltside loomise ajaloost. Firmasisesed suhted, investeeringute hindamise printsiip - Discounted Cash Flow, investeeringute vajaduse tekkepõhjused, firma turuväärtus

  12. Genetic and Biochemical Characterization of Monokaryotic Progeny Strains of Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)

    OpenAIRE

    Kwon, Hyuk Woo; Choi, Min Ah; Yun, Yeo Hong; Oh, Youn-Lee; Kong, Won-Sik; Kim, Seong Hwan

    2015-01-01

    To promote the selection of promising monokaryotic strains of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) during breeding, 61 progeny strains derived from basidiospores of two different lines of dikaryotic parental strains, ASI1038 and ASI1346, were analyzed by nucleotide sequencing of the intergenic spacer I (IGS I) region in their rDNA and by extracellular enzyme assays. Nineteen different sizes of IGS I, which ranged from 1,301 to 1,348 bp, were present among twenty ASI1346-derived progeny strains...

  13. Miks halvustada konkurenti? / Timo Riismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riismaa, Timo

    2006-01-01

    Konkureeriva ettevõtte toodete halvustamisest. ThermiSol OÜ ja Saint Gobain Isover Eesti AS-i vahelisest kohtuasjast. Vt. ka: Kas Eesti tootjad halvustavad üksteise tooteid? Küsimusele vastavad Reiden Plaat AS-i müügijuht Aldo Unga, OÜ V-Temps juhataja Aare Võsu ja Saint-Gobain Isover Eesti AS-i marketingijuht Hellart Kala

  14. Internet seinakontaktist on tulevikumuusika / Kai Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simson, Kai

    2004-01-01

    Näitusel Enerex 2004 tutvustas Schneider Electric Eesti AS esmakordselt Power Line Communicationi (PLC) ühendust, millega saab Internetti edastada ja jagada elektrivõrgu kaudu. Kommenteerivad Fortum Elekter AS-i Läänemaa regiooni võrgujuht Kaupo Kuurberg, Elion Ettevõtted AS-i meediasuhete juht Ain Parmas ja Eesti Energia Televõrgu AS-i juhataja Urmas Aiaste

  15. Kommunikatsiooni korraldamine börsiettevõtetes / Triinu Tarkin, Signe Kukin, Marit Vooremäe ... [jt.] ; intervjueerinud Küllike Heide ; kommenteerinud Ott Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Milliste eripäradega peavad börsiettevõtted oma kommunikatsioonitegevuse planeerimisel arvestama. Finantskommunikatsiooni vestlusringis osalesid Baltika finantsjuht Triinu Tarkin, Merko Ehituse kontserni finantsjuht Signe Kukin, Tallinna Kaubamaja AS-i finantsdirektor Marit Vooremäe, AS-i Tallinna Vesi kommunikatsioonijuht Mariliis Mia Topp, Tallinki kommunikatsioonijuht Luulea Lääne ja AS-i Nordecon investorsuhete juht Andri Hõbemägi

  16. Konkurents euroliidu automüügis pingeline / Tõnu Tramm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tramm, Tõnu, 1968-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti esimese autokaubamaja Premium Motors AS-i tegevuse alustamine võib mõjutada ametlike autoesinduste tegevust, hinnapoliitikat, turupositsioone ja kliendisuhteid. Artiklis võrdlevad Eesti ja Euroopa Liidu olukorda Premium Motors AS-i nõukogu liige Tiit Arge, HMR Baltic OÜ nõukogu esimees Jürgen Vester ja Info Auto AS-i peadirektor Kaupo Katkosilt. Vt. samas: Romud kaovad Eesti teedelt

  17. The development and validation of dried blood spots for external quality assurance of syphilis serology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smit Pieter W

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Syphilis causes up to 1,500,000 congenital syphilis cases annually. These could be prevented if all pregnant women were screened, and those with syphilis treated with a single dose of penicillin before 28 weeks gestation. In recent years, rapid point-of-care tests have allowed greater access to syphilis screening, especially in rural or remote areas, but the lack of quality assurance of rapid testing has been a concern. We determined the feasibility of using dried blood spots (DBS as specimens for quality assurance of syphilis serological assays. Methods We developed DBS extraction protocols for use with Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA and an enzyme immunoassay (EIA and compared the results with those using matching plasma samples from the same patient. Results Since DBS samples showed poor performance with TPHA and EIA (TPHA sensitivity was 50.5% (95% confidence interval: 39.9–61.2% and EIA specificity was 50.4% (95% CI: 43.7–57.1%, only the DBS TPPA was used in the final evaluation. DBS TPPA showed an sensitivity of 95.5% (95% CI: 91.3–98.0% and a specificity of 99.0% (95% CI: 98.1–99.5% compared to TPPA using plasma samples as a reference. Conclusion DBS samples can be recommended for use with TPPA, and may be of value for external quality assurance of point-of-care syphilis testing.

  18. Hepatitis C virus infection and biological false-positive syphilis test:a single-center experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-Fang Zhu; Shui-Ying Lei; Lan-Juan Li

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Rapidplasmaregainpositiveand/ortreponema pallidum hemagglutination negative [RPR(+)/TPHA(-)] results were designated as biologic false-positive (BFP). There are limited data about BFP reactions against syphilis in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of BFP reactions for syphilis in patients with HCV infection in a large sample and assess the relationship between BFP reactions and HCV infection. METHODS:  A total of 2656 patients with positive anti-HCV and 5600 healthy control subjects were enrolled in this study. Hepatitis C serology was determined by a second generation ELISA test for HCV antibody. Syphilis serology was determined by the RPR test. Those subjects with reactive RPR positive underwent the TPHA test. Demographics and laboratory data were collected by trained clinicians. RESULTS: Among 2656 patients, 111 (4.2%) had a reactive RPR test. Of the 111 patients who were subjected to reactive RPR test, 30 (27.0%) showed HCV(+)/RPR(+). Of 5600 healthy controls, 80 (1.4%) had a reactive RPR test. Fourteen (17.5%) controls with HCV(-)/RPR(+) had a non-reactive TPHA test. These represented 1.1% of all HCV-positive and 0.3% of all HCV-negative subjects (P0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The data of this study demonstrate that HCV infection is associated with a false-positive RPR test. In this study BFPs were significantly more common in HCV positive patients compared to HCV-negative ones. Eosinophil abnormality can be considered as a predictor for BFP. Excessive BFPs must be considered in assessing the frequency of syphilis in a HCV-positive population and the importance of the treponemal specific serologic test should be emphasized for a diagnosis of syphilis in such population.

  19. Three-Terminal Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng-Hung Tai; Chu-Hsuan Lin; Chih-Ming Wang; Chun-Chieh Lin

    2011-01-01

    Many defects exist within amorphous silicon since it is not crystalline. This provides recombination centers, thus reducing the efficiency of a typical a-Si solar cell. A new structure is presented in this paper: a three-terminal a-Si solar cell. The new back-to-back p-i-n/n-i-p structure increased the average electric field in a solar cell. A typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was also simulated for comparison using the same thickness and material parameters. The 0.28 μm-thick three-terminal a-Si...

  20. Effect of Astragaloside IV on Neural Stem Cell Transplantation in Alzheimer’s Disease Rat Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Haiyan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Stem cell-based therapy is a promising treatment strategy for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD. However, the mechanism underlying the maintenance of renewal and replacement capabilities of endogenous progenitor cells or engrafted stem cells in a pathological environment remains elusive. To investigate the effect of astragaloside IV (ASI on the proliferation and differentiation of the engrafted neural stem cells (NSCs, we cultured NSCs from the hippocampus of E14 rat embryos, treated the cells with ASI, and then transplanted the cells into the hippocampus of rat AD models. In vitro experimentation showed that 10−5 M ASI induced NSCs to differentiate into β-tubulin III+ and GFAP+ cells. NSCs transplantation into rat AD models resulted in improvements in learning and memory, especially in the ASI-treated groups. ASI treatment resulted in an increase in the number of β-tubulin III+ cells in the hippocampus. Further investigation showed that ASI inhibited PS1 expression in vitro and in vivo. The high-dose ASI downregulated the Notch intracellular domain, whereas the low-dose ASI increased Notch-1 and NICD. In conclusion, ASI treatment resulted in improvements in learning and memory of AD models by promoting NSC proliferation and differentiation partly through the Notch signal pathway.

  1. Uudiseid Tehnilise Järelevalve Inspektsioonist / Urmas Leitmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmäe, Urmas

    2007-01-01

    Inspekteerimisasutuste arengusuundadest, siseministeeriumis kavandatavast siseturvalisuse arengukavast aastateks 2009-2013, ASi Metrosert ja OÜ Tehnokontrollikeskus tegevusest, ühiskonna turvalisuse komplekssest käsitlemisest

  2. Miks sponsoreerivad ettevõtted suurüritusi? / Frank Svenhard, Liivi Tadolder ; interv. Annika Rõõmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Svenhard, Frank

    2006-01-01

    ALD Automotive Baltikumi tegevdirektor ja AS-i Liviko turundusjuht valikutest sponsoreerimisel, koostööst sponsoreeritavate organisatsioonidega, rahvusvahelise juhtimiskonverentsi EC2006 toetamisest

  3. Lõhmuse tutvuskond toetab Eesti IT-sektorit / Viktoria Korpan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korpan, Viktoria, 1976-

    1999-01-01

    Investeerimispank Lõhmus, Haavel & Viisemann (LHV) kavandab aktsiaemissiooni ASi New Economy Ventures (NEV) jaoks, et teha selle kaudu investeeringuid infotehnoloogiafirmadesse. Sama plaan on investeerimisfirmal Trigon Capital

  4. Fabrication of Poly-Si Thin Film on Glass Substrate by Aluminum-induced Crystallization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Man; XIA Donglin; YANG Sheng; ZHAO Xiujian

    2006-01-01

    Amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin films were deposited on glass substrate by PECVD,and polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) thin films were prepared by aluminum-induced crystallization (AIC). The effects of annealing temperature on the microstructure and morphology were investigated. The AIC poly-Si thin films were characterized by XRD, Raman and SEM. It is found that a-Si thin film has a amorphous structure after annealing at 400 ℃ for 20 min, a-Si films begin to crystallize after annealing at 450 ℃ for 20 min, and the crystallinity of a-Si thin films is enhanced obviously with the increment of annealing temperature.

  5. ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES AND PHOTOLUMINESCENCE OF AMORPHOUS SILICON

    OpenAIRE

    Liao, X.; Kong, G.; X. Yang; Wang, P.; Chao, Y.; Chen, Z.; Liu, C

    1981-01-01

    The temperature dependence of conductivity, photoluminescence and ion-implantation doping effect of glow discharge (GD) and low pressure CVD a-Si films have been investigated. Post-hydrogenation significantly reduces the gap state density of LPCVD a-Si. Phosphorus and boron ion-implantation show that LPCVD a-Si has a higher doping efficiency than GD samples, reaching a maximum R.T. conductivity of 0.3 Ω-1 cm-1. Two peaks were observed in the luminescence spectrum of GD a-Si films and the orig...

  6. DanRIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, Carl Verner

    2009-01-01

    Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009......Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009...

  7. Estonia halts expansion of "expensive" windmills / Kairi Kurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurm, Kairi

    2005-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi osakonnajuhataja Einari Kisel ja AS-i Tuulepargid tegevdirektor Hannu Lamp tuuleenergia tootmisest Eestis. Tabelid: Iga-aastane tuuleenergia tootmine Euroopa Liidus; Planeeritud tuuleenergia tootmine

  8. Tiskresse rajatakse Aaviku elamurajoon / Tiit Nurklik ; interv. Harri Treial

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurklik, Tiit

    2001-01-01

    Elamurajooni ehitama hakkava KMG Ehitus AS-i direktor M. Nurklik elamurajooni planeeringust, elamute arhitektuurist, hoonevariantidest, ruumijaotusest, konstruktsioonidest, väliskattest jm. Arhitekt Emil Urbel

  9. Panga huvide kaitse ja probleemide analüüs krediiditehingutes imporditava kauba tagatisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Enn Leet ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Kaupo Paal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leet, Enn

    2004-01-01

    Kaup ja asi, tollilao mõiste ja õiguslik rezhiim, käsipant finantseerimistehingute tagatisena, registerpant, tagatisomandamine, panga positsioon krediidisaaja pankrotimenetluses, panditud asja realiseerimine

  10. Space Shuttle Main Engine fuel preburner augmented spark igniter shutdown detonations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, C. E.; Mccay, T. D.

    1986-01-01

    Detonations were experienced in the Space Shuttle Main Engine fuel preburner (FPB) augmented spark igniter (ASI) during engine cutoff. Several of these resulted in over pressures sufficient to damage the FPB ASI oxidizer system. The detonations initiated in the FPB ASI oxidizer line when residual oxidizer (oxygen) in the line mixed with backflowing fuel (hydrogen) and detonated. This paper reviews the damage history to the FPB ASI oxidizer system, an engineering assessment of the problem cause, a verification of the mechanisms, the hazards associated with the detonations, and the solution implemented.

  11. Euroraha vahendaja aitab miljoneid saada / Väinu Rozental

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    AS Innopolis Konsultatsioonid juhib Eesti mastaabis suhteliselt suuri Euroopa Liidu struktuurifondide rahastatavaid projekte. Diagramm: Europrojektid annavad üle poole ASi Innopolis Konsultatsioonid käibest

  12. Eestis alustatakse biodiisli tootmist / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Biodiesel omanikud otsustasid biodiislikütust tootva tehase ehitada Harjumaale Paldiskisse. Omanikud loodavad peaministrilt positiivset vastust aktsiisimaksu vabastuse kohta biodiisli turustamisel

  13. A population-based study of syphilis and sexually transmitted disease syndromes in north-western Tanzania. 1. Prevalence and incidence.

    OpenAIRE

    Mosha, F; Nicoll, A; Barongo, L; Borgdorff, M.; Newell, J; Senkoro, K; Grosskurth, H.; Changalucha, J; Klokke, A.; Killewo, J.

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To determine the prevalence of syphilis and the prevalence and incidence of self-reported STD syndromes in the population of Mwanza Region, North-Western Tanzania. METHODS--A population-based random cluster sample survey, stratified by rural, roadside or urban residence, of 4173 individuals aged 15-54 years was performed in 1990-91. The seroprevalence of syphilis (using TPHA and RPR) and the prevalence and incidence of self-reported genital ulcer syndrome (GUS) and genital discharg...

  14. SIFILIS SEKUNDER DENGAN GEJALA NON-SPESIFIK PADA SEORAANG PRIA DEWASA: LAPORAN KASUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Galih SIliwangi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Sifilis sekunder ditandai dengan munculnya ruam di kulit dan selaput lendir, kadangdisertai demam dan malaise. Gejala klinis siflis sekunder bisa mengenaikulit mukosa,kulit kepala, kelenjar limfe dan generalisata. Dilaporkan satu kasus sifilis sekunder padaseorang pria berusia 22 tahun. Gejala yang muncul berupa papul di anus disertai dengannyeri dan gatal sejak 3 bulan. Pada pemeriksaan serologidi dapatkan VDRL reaktif 1 :16, TPHA reaktif 1 : 2560 dan DFM negatif. Pengobatan diberikan injeksi BenzatinPenicilin 2,4 juta IU dosis tunggal. Prognosis penderita baik.

  15. 老年患者梅毒螺旋体抗体阳性临床分析%Clinical analysis of positive Treponema pallidum antibody in elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱守兰; 邢丽华; 杜华杰; 周淑芬

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical significance of positive anti - Treponema pallidum. (TP) antibody in elderly patients. Methods The samples of positive Treponema pallidum antibody from 98 elderly patients were screened by enzyme linked immune adsorption assay ( ELISA) before the positive samples underwent Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA) and rapid plasma regaining detection diagnostic tests ( RPR). All the experimental results were statistically analyzed. Results Among the 98 TP - ELISA positive samples, TPHA was confirmed in 48 cases, the positive coincidence rate being 48. 98%. RPR was detected in 44 cases, 16 of whom were confirmed positive by TPHA. Conclusions The body of elderly patients has anti - Iipid antibodies and anti -TP antibodies. The presence of positive Treponema pallidum antibody cannot be interpreted as hard evidence of infection with syphilis.%目的 探讨老年患者梅毒螺旋体( Treponema pallidum,TP)抗体阳性的临床价值.方法 对98例老年人采用酶联免疫吸附试验( ELISA)筛查梅毒抗体阳性标本,分别进行梅毒螺旋体血球凝集试验(treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay,TPHA)检测和快速血浆反应素诊断试验(rapid plasma regaining,RPR)检测,对实验结果 进行统计分析.结果 98例TP- ELISA阳性标本,用TPHA法检测阳性48例,阳性符合率48.98%.RPR法检测阳性44例,该44例仅16例用TPHA确证阳性.结论 老年人梅毒血清学试验阳性,只提示其体内有抗类脂抗体或抗TP抗体存在,不能作为感染梅毒螺旋体的绝对依据.

  16. Band gap tuning of armchair silicene nanoribbons using periodic hexagonal holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The popularity of graphene owing to its unique and exotic properties has triggered a great deal of interest in other two-dimensional nanomaterials. Among them silicene shows considerable promise for electronic devices with a carrier mobility comparable to graphene, flexible buckled structure, and expected compatibility with silicon electronics. Using first-principle calculations based on density functional theory, the electronic properties of armchair silicene nanoribbons perforated with periodic nanoholes (ASiNRPNHs) are investigated. Two different configurations of mono-hydrogenated (:H) and di-hydrogenated (:2H) silicene edges are considered. Pristine armchair silicene nanoribbons (ASiNRs) can be categorized into three branches with width W = 3P − 1, 3P, and 3P + 1, P is an integer. The order of their energy gaps change from “EG (3P − 1) < EG (3P) < EG (3P + 1)” for W-ASiNRs:H to “EG (3P + 1) < EG (3P − 1) < EG (3P)” for W-ASiNRs:2H. We found the band gaps of W-ASiNRs:H and (W + 2)-ASiNRs:2H are slightly different, giving larger band gaps for wider ASiNRs:2H. ASiNRPNHs' band gaps changed based on the nanoribbon's width, nanohole's repeat periodicity and position relative to the nanoribbon's edge compared to pristine ASiNRs because of changes in quantum confinement strength. ASiNRPNHs:2H are more stable than ASiNRPNHs:H and their band gaps are noticeably greater than ASiNRPNHs:H. We found that the value of energy band gap for 12-ASiNRPNHs:2H with repeat periodicity of 2 is 0.923 eV. This value is about 2.2 times greater than pristine ASiNR:2H and double that of the 12-ASiNRPNHs:H with repeat periodicity of 2

  17. Band gap tuning of armchair silicene nanoribbons using periodic hexagonal holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mehdi Aghaei, Sadegh; Calizo, Irene, E-mail: icalizo@fiu.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33174 (United States)

    2015-09-14

    The popularity of graphene owing to its unique and exotic properties has triggered a great deal of interest in other two-dimensional nanomaterials. Among them silicene shows considerable promise for electronic devices with a carrier mobility comparable to graphene, flexible buckled structure, and expected compatibility with silicon electronics. Using first-principle calculations based on density functional theory, the electronic properties of armchair silicene nanoribbons perforated with periodic nanoholes (ASiNRPNHs) are investigated. Two different configurations of mono-hydrogenated (:H) and di-hydrogenated (:2H) silicene edges are considered. Pristine armchair silicene nanoribbons (ASiNRs) can be categorized into three branches with width W = 3P − 1, 3P, and 3P + 1, P is an integer. The order of their energy gaps change from “E{sub G} (3P − 1) < E{sub G} (3P) < E{sub G} (3P + 1)” for W-ASiNRs:H to “E{sub G} (3P + 1) < E{sub G} (3P − 1) < E{sub G} (3P)” for W-ASiNRs:2H. We found the band gaps of W-ASiNRs:H and (W + 2)-ASiNRs:2H are slightly different, giving larger band gaps for wider ASiNRs:2H. ASiNRPNHs' band gaps changed based on the nanoribbon's width, nanohole's repeat periodicity and position relative to the nanoribbon's edge compared to pristine ASiNRs because of changes in quantum confinement strength. ASiNRPNHs:2H are more stable than ASiNRPNHs:H and their band gaps are noticeably greater than ASiNRPNHs:H. We found that the value of energy band gap for 12-ASiNRPNHs:2H with repeat periodicity of 2 is 0.923 eV. This value is about 2.2 times greater than pristine ASiNR:2H and double that of the 12-ASiNRPNHs:H with repeat periodicity of 2.

  18. Производители мяса: ставка на качество / Ольга Кудрявцева

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кудрявцева, Ольга

    2011-01-01

    Maailma toiduaineteturu trendiks on toorainete kallinemisest tingitud hinnatõus. Eesti lihatööstused investeerivad praegu oma toodete kvaliteedi parandamisse. AS Rakvere Lihakombinaat on omandanud 98,84% Jelgavas Galas Kombinats aktsiatest. AS-i Rakvere Lihakombinaat ja Uvic AS-i juhtide kommentaare

  19. Single-grain Silicon Technology for Large Area X-ray Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Arslan, A

    2015-01-01

    Digital flat panel X-ray imagers are currently using a-Si and poly-Si thin-film-transistors (TFTs). a-Si TFT permits the use of large area substrates, however, due to the amorphous nature, the carrier mobility is very low (

  20. Toidutööstuse kommunikatsioon mõjutab inimeste hoiakuid / Kairi Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Kairi

    2014-01-01

    Eesti Toiduainetööstuse Liidu juhi Sirje Potisepa, Premia Tallinna Külmhoone AS-i juhatuse esimehe Katre Kõvaski, Saku Õlletehase AS-i kommunikatsioonijuhi Kristiina Tambergi ja Idea PR-i vanemkonsultandi Egle Loori seisukohad toiduäri turunduse ja kommunikatsiooni teemal

  1. Kindlustus on sõnast "kindlus" / Lauri Järg, Filipp Kuhharenok

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järg, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Inges Kindlustus tegevdirektor Lauri Järg ja reisikindlustuse tootejuht Filipp Kuhharenok selgitavad, mida silmas pidada reisikindlustuse valikul ning iseloomustavad Ingese poolt pakutavat reisikindlustust. Koostööpartneri arvamus: kommenteerib AS-i MootorReis turismiosakonna juhataja Margarita Prahnikova

  2. Плывут так, что брызги летят / Андрей Стрижалов, Александр Полупан, Виталий Петров ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    2009. aastal 50 parima masina- ja metallitööstusettevõtete hulka jõdnud Dvigatel Regital OÜ, Arrierum, Well Tehnoloogia OÜ, Faabula AS-i ja APL Production AS-i juhid räägivad ettevõtete tegevusest ja edaspidistest plaanidest

  3. Single-grain Silicon Technology for Large Area X-ray Imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arslan, A.

    2015-01-01

    Digital flat panel X-ray imagers are currently using a-Si and poly-Si thin-film-transistors (TFTs). a-Si TFT permits the use of large area substrates, however, due to the amorphous nature, the carrier mobility is very low (<1 cm2/Vs). Poly-Si TFT improves the mobility (~150 cm2/Vs) but due to random

  4. Käibe kasvu TOP 100

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Käibe kasvu TOP 100. 2002. a. netokäibe kasvust Eesti Ehitus OÜ, Russian Estonian Railway Services OÜ, Baltic Pulp & Paper AS-i ja Water Ser AS-i näitel. Diagrammid. Kommenteerivad Selene Rebane ja Rivo Sarapik

  5. Ekspress Grupp liidab toimetusi ja tootmist. Luuakse ka kolme ajalehe ühine raamatukirjastusettevõte / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Ekspress Grupp liidab AS-i Eesti Päevaleht ja AS-i Eesti Ajalehed, sündiv firma kirjastab Eesti Päevalehte, Eesti Ekspressi ja Maalehte. AS Eesti Ajalehed tütarfirmana luuakse raamatukirjastusettevõte

  6. Integral bypass diodes in an amorphous silicon alloy photovoltaic module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanak, J. J.; Flaisher, H.

    1991-01-01

    Thin-film, tandem-junction, amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic modules were constructed in which a part of the a-Si alloy cell material is used to form bypass protection diodes. This integral design circumvents the need for incorporating external, conventional diodes, thus simplifying the manufacturing process and reducing module weight.

  7. Dzhentelmenide kätsh / Hannes Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Hannes

    2008-01-01

    AS Alta Foods esitas Stockholmi arbitraazhiinstituudile taotluse, et saada tagasi AS-i Kalev toiduainetööstuse ja AS-i Tere omandamiseks tasutud kuue miljoni euro suurune ettemaks. Vt. samas: Tehingu kronoloogia. Küsimustele vastavad Indrek Rahumaa ja Oliver Kruuda

  8. Palverännaku tee õpetab kogemuse kaudu / Katri Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Katri

    2006-01-01

    Camino de Santiago ehk Santiago tee juhtimiskoolitusest. Kommenteerivad koolituse läbinud Mistra-Autexi projektijuht Siiri Vaaderpass, AS-i Saare Finants juhataja Alar Tõru, AS-i Tobaccoland Eesti juhatuse esimees Mall Bakler ning koolituse organisaator ja läbiviija Aira Tammemäe

  9. Töötaja ülekoormusele viitavad ületunnid ja hooletusvead / Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 10. aug. lk. 11. AS-i Eltel Networks personalidirektor Piret Põldre, Eesti Haigekassa personali- ja koolitusjuht Terje Tiimann ja AS-i Amserv Auto personalijuht Ene Pukk töötajate töökoormuse mõõtmisest

  10. Formation of thin-film crystalline silicon on glass observed by in-situ XRD

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westra, J.M.; Vavrunkova, V.; Sutta, P.; Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M.; Zeman, M.

    2010-01-01

    Thin-film poly-crystalline silicon (poly c-Si) on glass obtained by crystallization of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) film is a promising material for low cost, high efficiency solar cells. Our approach to obtain this material is to crystallize a-Si films on glass by solid phase crystallization (SPC).

  11. Tootjad prognoosivad sel aastal suvetoodetele 30% müügikasvu / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Rakvere Lihatööstuse, AS-i Wõro Kommerts, Valga Lihatööstuse ning AS-i Tallegg müügiprognoosid. Kommenteerib Kristel Kindsigo. Lisa: Suurimat kasvu ootab Filee LT. Vt. samas: Kanaliha tarbimine on kahekordistunud

  12. The Anxiety Sensitivity Index--Revised: Confirmatory Factor Analyses, Structural Invariance in Caucasian and African American Samples, and Score Reliability and Validity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnau, Randolph C.; Broman-Fulks, Joshua J.; Green, Bradley A.; Berman, Mitchell E.

    2009-01-01

    The most commonly used measure of anxiety sensitivity is the 36-item Anxiety Sensitivity Index--Revised (ASI-R). Exploratory factor analyses have produced several different factors structures for the ASI-R, but an acceptable fit using confirmatory factor analytic approaches has only been found for a 21-item version of the instrument. We evaluated…

  13. Saare jonniga idealist / Lemmi Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Lemmi

    2008-01-01

    Maxima OÜ tegevjuhist Margus Pärnast. Lisad: Elulugu; Tasub teada. Kommenteerivad: TOP Auto juhatuse esimees Felor Pärnpuu, Sales-Star ASi juhatuse esimees Tiina Aas, psühhiaater Jüri Ennet ning ASi Mobec müügijuht Kaido Sumberg. Vt. samas: Karmi käega õppejõud Pärn

  14. On Measuring Process Model Similarity Based on High-Level Change Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, C.; Reichert, M.U.; Wombacher, A.

    2008-01-01

    For various applications there is the need to compare the similarity between two process models. For example, given the as-is and to-be models of a particular business process, we would like to know how much they differ from each other and how we can efficiently transform the as-is to the to-be mode

  15. On Measuring Process Model Similarity based on High-level Change Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, C.; Reichert, M.U.; Wombacher, A.

    2007-01-01

    For various applications there is the need to compare the similarity between two process models. For example, given the as-is and to-be models of a particular business process, we would like to know how much they differ from each other and how we can efficiently transform the as-is to the to-be mode

  16. Hea juht suudab töötajate stressi ennetada / Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Haapsalu Uksetehase, AS-i Koger & Partnerid, AS-i ABC King juhid tööstressi vastu võitlemise ja selle vältimise võimalustest. Kommenteerib Aira Tammemäe. Vt. samas: Piret Jamnes. Inimesed vajavad tunnustust ja tagasisidet

  17. Ösel Foods paindub turul hästi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ösel Foods AS-i juhatuse esimees Kuldar Leis tutvustab ettevõtte tegevust, tootearendust ja müügistrateegiat ning võrdleb eestlaste maitsmismeelt ja tarbimisharjumusi naaberriikidega. Kommenteerib Põltsamaa Felix AS-i juhatuse esimees Andres Koern

  18. Väino Kaldoja - master of the Mercedes Dealership / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    AS-i Silberauto juhi ja põhiomaniku Väino Kaldoja juhtimispõhimõtteist, ettevõtte personalipoliitikast ning kliendisuhetest. Tabel: ASi Silberauto majandustulemused. Lisa: Silberauto ettevõtete grupp. Vt. samas: Mida Silberauto müüb?

  19. Maja keskmine hind on 10 000 kr/m2 / Maria Rähn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rähn, Maria

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 3. märts lk. 16. Benno Ehitus AS-i hinnaspetsialist Ants Mihkelson ja AS-i Gerberos AMS projektijuht Heldur Löve eramu hinna kujunemisest ja seda mõjutavatest teguritest. Diagramm: Vundament ja majakarp moodustavad poole eramu hinnast. Vt. samas: Ehitusfirma praagi vastu aitab kindlustus

  20. Skype´i eestlastest kaasloojad ootavad uut läbimurret / Margus Uudam ; intervjueerinud Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uudam, Margus

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Skype´i eestlastest kaasloojate investeerimisfirma Ambient Sound Investments (ASI) otseinvesteeringute juhiga. Firma portfell koosneb ligi 30 ettevõttest, riskikapitali investeeringuid on u. 20 mln. euro ulatuses. 2010. a. jõudis firmasse u. 300 projekti ja äriideed. Valik ASI investeeringuid

  1. Arco Vara müüs nõude Tederi firma vastu / Väinu Rozental ; kommenteerinud Hillar Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rozental, Väinu, 1957-

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Arco Vara tütarettevõte Arco Investeeringute AS müüs temale kuuluva nõude Hillar Tederi firma Celia Crowd AS-i (endine Ühendatud Kapital) vastu AS-ile EMF Invest. Tehingu väärtus on 52 miljonit krooni

  2. Prodavtsõ IT-"zheleza" okazaliss ne zheleznõmi / Andrei Demenkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Demenkov, Andrei

    2008-01-01

    Arvutifirmade ASi Arvotek, ASi Asecom ja Datagate OÜ juhtide sõnul on arvutite jaemüük käesoleval aastal vähenenud, arvutifirmade käive on keskmiselt langenud 20 protsenti, majandusraskustesse on sattunud mitmed väikefirmad

  3. Kundas hoitakse Eesti vedelkütuse varusid / Raivo Raigna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raigna, Raivo

    2006-01-01

    Eesti vedelkütusevarude hoiustamise hanke üks võitjaid on Soome firma Baltic Tank OY, mis on Baltic Tank AS-i emafirma. Kunda sadamas asuvas Baltic Tanki AS-i terminalis hoitakse Eesti riigi diislikütuse tagavara

  4. Luik süüdistab Ragn-Sellsi / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2003-01-01

    Hans H. Luigega seotud plastifirma OÜ Starforte palub politseile esitatud avalduses kontrollida, kas AS-i Ragn-Sells käitumises lepingu ühepoolsel lõpetamisel esineb kuriteo tunnuseid. Kronoloogia: Tee OÜ Starforte ja AS-i Ragn-Sells kriminaalasjani

  5. The Addiction Severity Index: Reliability and validity in a Dutch alcoholic population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dejong, C.A.J.; Willems, J.C.E.W.; Schippers, G.M.; Hendriks, V.M.

    1995-01-01

    The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) was evaluated for its psychometric qualities in a Dutch alcoholic population admitted to an addiction treatment center in the Netherlands. Its factorial structure in this population was found to be consistent with the established six factor structure of the ASI. Re

  6. Kuidas ettevõtte vajadused ja kooli pakutav omavahel haakuvad? : kooli nõukogu liige arvab / Vallot Mangus, Jaak Väärsi, Jane Väli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mangus, Vallot

    2012-01-01

    Ettevõtete ja kutsekooli koostöövõimalustest räägivad ASi Tartu Maja Betoontooted nõukogu esimees Vallot Mangus, ASi Info-Auto Tartu esinduse tegevdirektor Jaak Väärsi ja töötukassa Tartumaa osakonna juhataja Jane Väli

  7. Riigi Kinnisvara AS võib saada börsiettevõtteks / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Seni täielikult riigile kuuluva Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i võimalikust müügist või börsile viimisest. Kommenteerib Tõnis Oja. Diagramm: Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i käive on kahekordistunud. Lisa: Valik kinnisvaraobjekte Tallinnas

  8. Dicty_cDB: SHH274 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e 2 map 6245135-6357017 strain AX4, complete sequence. 42 0.72 5 AF435076 |AF435076.2 Tetrahymena thermophila anlage...n stage induced 1 protein (ASI1) and anlagen stage induced 2 protein (ASI

  9. Formula obnovlenija / Sandor Liive ; interv. Aleksei Zhigulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liive, Sandor

    2006-01-01

    Kaadrimuudatused AS-i Eesti Energia tütarfirmades, Narva Elektrijaamade arengustrateegia, põlevkivitüli Venemaaga, keskkonnakaitselised küsimused, Helsingi ja Tallinna vaheline veealuse kaabli projekt, valmisolek talveks, hinnang möödunud aastale ja kontserni tulevikuplaanid. Küsimustele vastab AS-i Eesti Energia uus juhatuse esimees Sandor Liive

  10. Kuidas te oma töötajatelt ideid kogute?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Columbus IT Partner Eesti juhatuse esimees Ivo Suursoo, KredEx'i juhatuse esimees Andrus Treier, Amserv Grupi AS-i nõukogu esimees Raivo Aavisto, AS-i Elion Ettevõtted juhatuse esimees Valdur Laid

  11. Prevalence of HIV, syphilis and genital chlamydial infection among women in north-west Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aseffa, A; Ishak, A; Stevens, R; Fergussen, E; Giles, M; Yohannes, G; Kidan, K G

    1998-03-01

    The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among women visiting antenatal (ANC) and gynaecological clinics in Gondar, north-west Ethiopia, was investigated. Between April and August 1995, 728 women consented to enter the study. Prevalence rates were 5.9% (41/693) for chlamydial antigen in cervix, 18.8% (113/600) for syphilis (Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay [TPHA]) and 25.3% (150/593) for HIV. Active syphilis (RPR)+, TPHA+ was detected in 74% (44/597). HIV infection rate was higher among women with higher age of first marriage and low gravidity. It was significantly associated with young age, urban residence, and presence of genital ulcer (odds ratio [OR] = 6.3), and lymphadenopathy (OR = 2.8) on examination. Women seropositive for syphilis had married at an earlier age, were significantly older and had changed husbands. Low gravidity and age < 30 were independently significant risk factors for cervical chlamydial antigen positivity which was predominantly asymptomatic. Significant association was observed between HIV infection and syphilis (OR = 2.6). Active syphilis was associated with chlamydial (OR = 3.4) and HIV infection (OR = 4.1). The rate of 23.4% and 15.1% of HIV seropositivity among ANC attenders and rural women respectively is an indicator of the rapid progression of the HIV epidemic in the area. PMID:9593487

  12. CLINICAL EVALUATION OF FOUR RECOMBINANT TREPONEMA PALLIDUM ANTIGEN-BASED RAPID TESTS IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF SYPHILIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin-na Wang; Lei Yang; He-yi Zheng

    2007-01-01

    To assess the sensitivity, specificity, and feasibility of 4 recombinant Treponema pallidum antigenbased rapid tests in the diagnosis of syphilis.Methods A total of 970 outpatients were selected from the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centre of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Venous blood was collected and serum was extracted. T. pallidum antibodies in whole blood, anticoagulant whole blood, and serum were detected using 4 recombinant T. pallidum antigen-based rapid tests.T. pallidum haemagglutination test (TPHA) was considered as the gold standard for the detection of T. pallidum specific antibodies in serum. The sensitivities and specificities of four methods were analyzed.Results The sensitivities and specificities of Abbott Determine Syphilis TP test, SD-BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 test,VISITECT-SYPHILIS test, and Syphicheck-WB test for serum specimens were 100% and 98.9%, 95.7% and 98.0%, 94.6% and 98.2%, 68.1% and 98.9%; for whole blood were 74.1% and 99.5%, 87.9% and 99.4%,73.2% and 99.7%, 64.7% and 99.7%. The observed sensitivities of the 4 rapid diagnosis tests were not significantly different with TPHA ( P>0.05 ).Conclusions The 4 rapid tests show good performance and characteristics in the diagnosis of syphilis. Furthermore, they are more sensitive for serum specimens than whole blood.

  13. Three-Terminal Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Hung Tai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many defects exist within amorphous silicon since it is not crystalline. This provides recombination centers, thus reducing the efficiency of a typical a-Si solar cell. A new structure is presented in this paper: a three-terminal a-Si solar cell. The new back-to-back p-i-n/n-i-p structure increased the average electric field in a solar cell. A typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was also simulated for comparison using the same thickness and material parameters. The 0.28 μm-thick three-terminal a-Si solar cell achieved an efficiency of 11.4%, while the efficiency of a typical a-Si p-i-n solar cell was 9.0%. Furthermore, an efficiency of 11.7% was achieved by thickness optimization of the three-terminal solar cell.

  14. Seasonal variation analysis of the outdoor performance of amorphous Si photovoltaic modules using the contour map

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakada, Y.; Fukushige, S.; Minemoto, T.; Takakura, H. [College of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577 (Japan)

    2009-03-15

    The effects of module temperature (T{sub mod}) and spectral irradiance distribution on the outdoor performance of amorphous Si (a-Si) photovoltaic (PV) modules were investigated using contour maps. Compared to PV modules based on crystalline Si, such as single-crystalline Si (sc-Si) and multicrystalline Si, a-Si PV modules exhibit complex behavior with seasonal variation. In this study, we statistically analyzed the outdoor performance of a-Si and sc-Si PV modules. The influence of environmental factors on outdoor performance of a-Si PV modules was analyzed for two seasons, spring and autumn, in which the data periods had nearly the same average T{sub mod} and integrated irradiation. The outdoor performance of the a-Si PV module depends on both temperature history and light-induced degradation. (author)

  15. Accelerated stress testing of amorphous silicon solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoddard, W. G.; Davis, C. W.; Lathrop, J. W.

    1985-01-01

    A technique for performing accelerated stress tests of large-area thin a-Si solar cells is presented. A computer-controlled short-interval test system employing low-cost ac-powered ELH illumination and a simulated a-Si reference cell (seven individually bandpass-filtered zero-biased crystalline PIN photodiodes) calibrated to the response of an a-Si control cell is described and illustrated with flow diagrams, drawings, and graphs. Preliminary results indicate that while most tests of a program developed for c-Si cells are applicable to a-Si cells, spurious degradation may appear in a-Si cells tested at temperatures above 130 C.

  16. Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats

    CERN Document Server

    Puglisi, Joseph D

    2009-01-01

    This volume is a collection of articles from the proceedings of the International School of Structural Biology and Magnetic Resonance 8th Course: Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats. This NATO Advance Study Institute (ASI) was held in Erice at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture on 19 through 30 June 2007. The ASI brought together a diverse group of experts who bridged the fields of virology and biology, biophysics, chemistry and physics. Prominent lecturers and students from around the world representant a total of 24 countries participated in the NATO ASI organized by Professors Joseph Puglisi (Stanford University, USA) and Alexander Arseniev (Moscow, RU). The central hypothesis underlying this ASI was that interdisciplinary research, merging principles of physics, chemistry and biology, can drive new discovery in detecting and fighting bioterrorism agents, lead to cleaner environments, and help propel development in NATO partner countries. The ASI merged the relat...

  17. Making Life Easier for the Visually Impaired Web Searcher: It Is Now Clearer How This Should and Can Be Done, but Implementation Lags. A Review of: Sahib, N. G., Tombros, A., & Stockman, T. (2012. A comparative analysis of the information-seeking behavior of visually impaired and sighted searchers. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2, 377–391. doi: 10.1002/asi.21696

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Laval Hunsucker

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine how the behaviour of visually impaired persons significantly differs from that of sighted persons in the carrying out of complex search tasks on the internet.Design – A comparative observational user study, plus semi-structured interviews.Setting – Not specified.Subjects – 15 sighted and 15 visually impaired persons, all of them experienced and frequent Internet search engine users, of both sexes and varying in age from early twenties to mid-fifties.Methods – The subjects carried out self selected complex search tasks on their own equipment and in their own familiar environments. The investigators observed this activity to some extent directly, but for the most part via video camera, through use of a screen-sharing facility, or with screen-capture software. They distinguished four stages of search task activity: query formulation, search results exploration, query reformulation, and search results management. The visually impaired participants, of whom 13 were totally blind and two had only marginal vision, were all working with text-to-speech screen readers and depended exclusively for all their observed activity on those applications’ auditory output. For data analysis, the investigators devised a grounded-theory based coding scheme. They employed a search log format for deriving further quantitative data which they later controlled for statistical significance (two-tailed unpaired t-test; p Main Results – The investigators found significant differences between the sighted participants’ search behaviour and that of the visually impaired searchers. The latter displayed a clearly less “orienteering” (O'Day & Jeffries, 1993 disposition and style, more often starting out with already relatively long and comprehensive combinations of relatively precise search terms; “their queries were more expressive” (p. 386. They submitted fewer follow-up queries, and were considerably less inclined to attempt query reformulation. They were aiming to achieve a satisfactory search outcome in a single step. Nevertheless, they rarely employed advanced operators, and made far less use (in only 4 instances of their search engine’s query-support features than did the sighted searchers (37 instances. Fewer of them (13% ventured beyond the first page of the results returned for their query by the search engine than was the case among the sighted searchers (43%. They viewed fewer (a mean of 4.27, as opposed to 13.40 retrieved pages, and they visited fewer external links (6 visits by 4 visually impaired searchers, compared with 34 visits by 11 sighted searchers. The visually impaired participants more frequently engaged in note taking than did the sighted participants.The visually impaired searchers were in some cases, the investigators discovered, unaware of search engine facilities or searching tactics which might have improved their search outcomes. Yet even when they were aware of these, they very often chose not to employ them because doing so via their screen readers would have cost them more time and effort than they were willing to expend. In general, they were more diffident and less resourceful than the sighted searchers, and had more trust in the innate capacity and reliability of their search engine to return in an efficient manner the best available results.Conclusion – Despite certain inherent limitations of the present study (the relatively small sample sizes and the non-randomness of the purposive sighted-searcher sample, the possible presence of extraneous variables, the impossibility of entirely ruling out familiarity bias, its findings strongly support the conclusion that working with today’s search engine user interfaces through the intermediation of currently available assistive technologies necessarily imposes severe limits on the degree to which visually impaired persons can efficiently search the web for information relevant to their needs. The findings furthermore suggest that there are various measures that it would be possible to take toward alleviating the situation, in the form of further improvements to retrieval systems, to search interfaces, and to text-to-speech screen readers. Such improvements would include: more accessible system hints to support a better, and less cognitively intensive, query formulation; web page layouts which are more suitable to screen-reader intermediation; a results presentation which more readily facilitates browsing and exploratory behaviour, preferably including auditory previews and overviews; presentation formats which allow for quicker and more accurate relevance judgments; mechanisms for (a better monitoring of search progress.In any event, further information behaviour studies ought now to be conducted, with the specific aim of more closely informing the development of user interfaces which will offer the kind of support that visually impaired Internet searchers are most in need of. Success in this undertaking will ultimately contribute to the further empowerment of visually disabled persons and thereby facilitate efforts to combat social exclusion.

  18. Traditional Factors of Fit, Perceived Quality, and Speed of Publication Still Outweigh Open Access in Authors’ Journal Selection Criteria. A Review of: Solomon, D. J., & Björk, B.-C. (2012. Publication fees in open access publishing: Sources of funding and factors influencing choice of journal. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(1, 98-107. doi: 10.1002/asi.21660

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Dalton

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the extent to whichthe open access (OA status of a journalinfluences authors in their journal selectiondecisions and to analyze the sources offunding for the article-processing charges(APCs applied in professional OA publishing.Design – Survey questionnaire.Setting – The international open accessscholarly publishing sector.Subjects – 1,038 researchers across allacademic disciplines who have recentlypublished work in open access journals thatcharge APCs.Methods – Journals listed in the Directory ofOpen Access Journals were stratified intoseven discipline clusters, and systematicrandom sampling was used where possible tocollect a sample of up to 15 journals per clusterthat levy APCs. For each individual journal,the authors of the 15 most recently publishedarticles (working from 2010 backwards wereinvited to complete a web-based questionnaireon the factors influencing their choice ofjournal and the source(s used to fundprocessing charges. Additional backgroundinformation about the authors and journalswas also collected and merged with the surveyresponses.Main Results – The results of the survey identified the fit of the article with the journal’s subject area, the perceived quality or impact of the journal, and the speed of the peer-review and publishing process as the dominant factors in the journal selection decision of authors. All three aspects were judged as either “very important” or “important” by 80% or more of respondents – significantly higher than the corresponding figure of 60% in relation to the open access status of the journal.The analysis also indicated that two key elements appear to influence how APCs are funded: the research discipline and the country of origin of the author. The use of research grants to fund charges is more prevalent in scientific disciplines than in the humanities, whilst researchers based in lower-income countries more frequently identify APCs as a barrier than those in higher-income countries. Grants and institutional funding tend to be the primary sources of funding for journals with higher APCs, whilst personal funding is utilised more often in cases where the fee is less than $500.Conclusion – Despite the increasing focus on the accessibility and visibility of research, academics still appear to place a greater value on ‘who’ rather than ‘how many’ readers access their research, and consequently traditional factors still persist as the main determinants in an author’s choice of journal. The future success of the APC model, compared with the traditional subscription-based or hybrid models, will ultimately depend on the ability of authors to obtain the necessary funding to pay such charges, combined with the extent to which the quality of services offered by open access publishers is perceived as being commensurate with the associated publishing fees.

  19. Making Life Easier for the Visually Impaired Web Searcher: It Is Now Clearer How This Should and Can Be Done, but Implementation Lags. A Review of: Sahib, N. G., Tombros, A., & Stockman, T. (2012). A comparative analysis of the information-seeking behavior of visually impaired and sighted searchers. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2), 377–391. doi: 10.1002/asi.21696

    OpenAIRE

    R. Laval Hunsucker

    2013-01-01

    Objective – To determine how the behaviour of visually impaired persons significantly differs from that of sighted persons in the carrying out of complex search tasks on the internet.Design – A comparative observational user study, plus semi-structured interviews.Setting – Not specified.Subjects – 15 sighted and 15 visually impaired persons, all of them experienced and frequent Internet search engine users, of both sexes and varying in age from early twenties to mid-fifties.Methods – The subj...

  20. Vegetation and proximity to the river control amorphous silica storage in a riparian wetland (Biebrza National Park, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Struyf

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Wetlands can modify and control nutrient fluxes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, yet little is known of their potential as biological buffers and sinks in the biogeochemical silica cycle. We investigated the storage of amorphous silica (ASi in a central-European riparian wetland. The variation in storage of ASi in the soil of an undisturbed wetland was significantly controlled by two factors: dominance of sedges and grasses and distance to the river (combined R2=78%. Highest ASi storage was found near the river and in sites with a dominance of grasses and sedges, plants which are well known to accumulate ASi. The management practice of mowing reduced the amount of variation attributed to both factors (R2=51%. Although ASi concentrations in soils were low (between 0.1 and 1% of soil dry weight, ASi controlled the availability of dissolved silica (DSi in the porewater, and thus potentially the exchange of DSi with the nearby river system through both diffusive and advective fluxes. A depth gradient in ASi concentrations, with lower ASi in the deeper layers, indicates dissolution. Our results show that storage and recycling of ASi in wetland ecosystems can differ significantly on small spatial scales. Human management interferes with the natural control mechanisms. Our study demonstrates that wetlands have the potential to modify the fluxes of both DSi and ASi along the land-ocean continuum and supports the hypothesis that wetlands are important ecosystems in the biogeochemical cycling of silica.

  1. From epidemics to information propagation: Striking differences in structurally similar adaptive network models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trajanovski, Stojan; Guo, Dongchao; Van Mieghem, Piet

    2015-09-01

    The continuous-time adaptive susceptible-infected-susceptible (ASIS) epidemic model and the adaptive information diffusion (AID) model are two adaptive spreading processes on networks, in which a link in the network changes depending on the infectious state of its end nodes, but in opposite ways: (i) In the ASIS model a link is removed between two nodes if exactly one of the nodes is infected to suppress the epidemic, while a link is created in the AID model to speed up the information diffusion; (ii) a link is created between two susceptible nodes in the ASIS model to strengthen the healthy part of the network, while a link is broken in the AID model due to the lack of interest in informationless nodes. The ASIS and AID models may be considered as first-order models for cascades in real-world networks. While the ASIS model has been exploited in the literature, we show that the AID model is realistic by obtaining a good fit with Facebook data. Contrary to the common belief and intuition for such similar models, we show that the ASIS and AID models exhibit different but not opposite properties. Most remarkably, a unique metastable state always exists in the ASIS model, while there an hourglass-shaped region of instability in the AID model. Moreover, the epidemic threshold is a linear function in the effective link-breaking rate in the AID model, while it is almost constant but noisy in the AID model.

  2. Oxygen- and hydroxyl-edge termination of silicene nanoribbons studied by first-principles calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Rui; Liu, Zhong-Li; Gu, Yanhong; Zhang, Weiying; Tan, Yonggang

    2016-05-01

    The geometrical structures and electronic properties of the armchair- and zigzag-edge silicene nanoribbons (SiNRs), terminated with oxygen and hydroxyl (ZSiNR-O, ZSiNR-OH, ASiNR-O, ASiNR-OH), have been investigated by using the first-principles method. It is found that the silicene edges are rippled upon the oxygen termination. On one edge of ZSiNR-O, the neighboring Si-O bonds move concordantly right (left) from the silicene plane, while on one edge of ASiNR-O, the neighboring Si-O bonds respectively move right and left to result in larger rippled amplitudes. Comparably, the influence of OH-termination on the silicene edge is small, inducing smaller rippled edges. The electronic structure calculations show that the px electrons of oxygen on the rippled edges of ZSiNR-O sp3 hybridize with the edge Si atoms, forming one more bands. The band gaps of the ASiNR-O and ASiNR-OH also obey the three-family behavior, due to the quantum confinement and the crucial effect of the edges. For ASiNR-OH, by taking account of the new atom chains formed by the hydrogen bonds of the neighboring OHs, the band gaps follow the same hierarchy of Δ3 p >Δ3 p - 1 >Δ3 p - 2 with those of ASiNR-Os.

  3. Aortic size index enlargement is associated with central hemodynamics in essential hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milan, Alberto; Tosello, Francesco; Caserta, Mimma; Naso, Diego; Puglisi, Elisabetta; Magnino, Corrado; Comoglio, Chiara; Rabbia, Franco; Mulatero, Paolo; Veglio, Franco

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between brachial and central blood pressure (bBP and cBP) levels and aortic root dilatation (ARD) in essential hypertensive patients. A total of 190 untreated and treated essential hypertensive patients (mean age, 55 ± 11 years) were considered for this analysis. We measured pulsatile hemodynamics and the proximal aortic diameter directly using tonometry, ultrasound imaging (echocardiography) and Doppler. Ninety-one hypertensive patients had an ARD (defined as aortic size index (ASi)>2 cm/m(2)). Central hemodynamic variables were significantly associated with ASi. Patients with increased ASi were significantly older (60 ± 10 vs. 50 ± 11 years, P < 0.0001) and had higher levels of the augmentation index (AIx; 28 ± 10 vs. 21 ± 10 P < 0.0001), augmentation pressure (AP; 13 ± 6 vs. 8 ± 5 mm Hg, P < 0.0001), and central pulse pressure (cPP; 44 ± 10 vs. 39 ± 8 mm Hg, P<0.0001) compared with patients with normal ASi. In a logistic regression analysis, the AIx was the only significant predictor of ASi. In hypertensive patients, the AIx and cBP were associated with ARD, whereas the bBP was not. Patients with an increased ASi may lose part of the elastic properties of the aorta, demonstrating a strict correlation between ASi and central hemodynamic indexes, in particular, the cPP and AIx. PMID:20882032

  4. Astragaloside IV improves lipid metabolism in obese mice by alleviation of leptin resistance and regulation of thermogenic network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hui; Gao, Yan; Shi, Hai-Lian; Qin, Li-Yue; Huang, Fei; Lan, Yun-Yi; Zhang, Bei-Bei; Hu, Zhi-Bi; Wu, Xiao-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Obesity is a worldwide threat to public health in modern society, which may result from leptin resistance and disorder of thermogenesis. The present study investigated whether astragaloside IV (ASI) could prevent obesity in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed and db/db mice. In HFD-fed mice, ASI prevented body weight gain, lowered serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels, mitigated liver lipid accumulation, reduced fat tissues and decreased the enlargement of adipose cells. In metabolic chambers, ASI lessened appetite of the mice, decreased their respiratory exchange ratio and elevated VCO2 and VO2 without altering circadian motor activity. Moreover, ASI modulated thermogenesis associated gene expressions in liver and brawn fat tissues, as well as leptin resistance evidenced by altered expressions of leptin, leptin receptor (ObR) or appetite associated genes. In SH-SY5Y cells, ASI enhanced leptin signaling transduction. However, in db/db mice, ASI did not change body weight gain and appetite associated genes. But it decreased serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels as well as liver triglyceride. Meanwhile, it significantly modulated gene expressions of PPARα, PGC1-α, UCP2, ACC, SCD1, LPL, AP2, CD36 and SREBP-1c. Collectively, our study suggested that ASI could efficiently improve lipid metabolism in obese mice probably through enhancing leptin sensitivity and modulating thermogenic network. PMID:27444146

  5. Astragaloside IV improves lipid metabolism in obese mice by alleviation of leptin resistance and regulation of thermogenic network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hui; Gao, Yan; Shi, Hai-Lian; Qin, Li-Yue; Huang, Fei; Lan, Yun-Yi; Zhang, Bei-Bei; Hu, Zhi-Bi; Wu, Xiao-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Obesity is a worldwide threat to public health in modern society, which may result from leptin resistance and disorder of thermogenesis. The present study investigated whether astragaloside IV (ASI) could prevent obesity in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed and db/db mice. In HFD-fed mice, ASI prevented body weight gain, lowered serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels, mitigated liver lipid accumulation, reduced fat tissues and decreased the enlargement of adipose cells. In metabolic chambers, ASI lessened appetite of the mice, decreased their respiratory exchange ratio and elevated VCO2 and VO2 without altering circadian motor activity. Moreover, ASI modulated thermogenesis associated gene expressions in liver and brawn fat tissues, as well as leptin resistance evidenced by altered expressions of leptin, leptin receptor (ObR) or appetite associated genes. In SH-SY5Y cells, ASI enhanced leptin signaling transduction. However, in db/db mice, ASI did not change body weight gain and appetite associated genes. But it decreased serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels as well as liver triglyceride. Meanwhile, it significantly modulated gene expressions of PPARα, PGC1-α, UCP2, ACC, SCD1, LPL, AP2, CD36 and SREBP-1c. Collectively, our study suggested that ASI could efficiently improve lipid metabolism in obese mice probably through enhancing leptin sensitivity and modulating thermogenic network. PMID:27444146

  6. Unreliability of aortic size index to predict risk of aortic dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijs, Jan; Gelsomino, Sandro; Lucà, Fabiana; Parise, Orlando; Maessen, Jos G; Meir, Mark La

    2014-01-01

    Aortic size index (ASI) has been proposed as a reliable criterion to predict risk for aortic dissection in Turner syndrome with significant thresholds of 20-25 mm/m2. We report a case of aortic arch dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome who, from the ASI thresholds proposed, was deemed to be at low risk of aortic dissection or rupture and was not eligible for prophylactic surgery. This case report strongly supports careful monitoring and surgical evaluation even when the ASI is < 20 mm/m2 if other significant risk factors are present. PMID:24944765

  7. Hydrogenated amorphous silicon oxide containing a microcrystalline silicon phase and usage as an intermediate reflector in thin-film silicon solar cells

    OpenAIRE

    Lambertz, A.; Grundler, T.; F. Finger

    2011-01-01

    To further improve the stability of amorphous/microcrystalline silicon (a-Si:H/mu c-Si:H) tandem solar cells, it is important to reduce the thickness of the a-Si: H top cell. This can be achieved by introduction of an intermediate reflector between the a-Si: H top and the mu c-Si: H bottom cell which reflects light back into the a-Si: H cell and thus, increases its photocurrent at possibly reduced thickness. Microcrystalline silicon oxide (mu c-SiOx:H) is used for this purpose and the trade-o...

  8. Evaluation of Anxiety Sensitivity among Daily Adult Smokers using Item Response Theory Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Zvolensky, Michael J.; Strong, David; Bernstein, Amit; Vujanovic, Anka A.; Marshall, Erin C.

    2008-01-01

    The present investigation applied Item Response Theory (IRT) methodology to the 16-item Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI; Reiss, Peterson, Gursky, & McNally, 1986) for a sample of 475 daily adult smokers (52% women; Mage = 26.9, SD = 11.1, Range = 18 – 65). Using nonparametric item response analysis, all 16 ASI items were evaluated. Evaluation of the Option Characteristic Curves for each item revealed 4 poorly discriminating ASI items (1: “It is important not to appear nervous;” 5: “It is impor...

  9. Comparative Computational Study of the Energetics of Li, Na, and Mg Storage in Amorphous and Crystalline Silicon

    OpenAIRE

    Legrain, Fleur; Malyi, Oleksandr I.; Manzhos, Sergei

    2014-01-01

    To assess the potential of amorphous Si (a-Si) as an anode for Li, Na, and Mg-ion batteries, the energetics of Li, Na, and Mg atoms in a-Si are computed from first-principles and compared to those in crystalline Si (c-Si). It is shown that Si preamorphization increases the average anode voltage and reduces the volume expansion of the anode during the insertion of the metal atoms. Analysis of computed formation energies of Li, Na, and Mg defects in a-Si and c-Si suggests that the energetics of...

  10. Characterization of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction algorithm for dose reduction in CT: A pediatric oncology perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, S. L.; Yee, B. S.; Kaufman, R. A. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105 (United States)

    2012-09-15

    Purpose: This study demonstrates a means of implementing an adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign ) technique for dose reduction in computed tomography (CT) while maintaining similar noise levels in the reconstructed image. The effects of image quality and noise texture were assessed at all implementation levels of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign . Empirically derived dose reduction limits were established for ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign for imaging of the trunk for a pediatric oncology population ranging from 1 yr old through adolescence/adulthood. Methods: Image quality was assessed using metrics established by the American College of Radiology (ACR) CT accreditation program. Each image quality metric was tested using the ACR CT phantom with 0%-100% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign blended with filtered back projection (FBP) reconstructed images. Additionally, the noise power spectrum (NPS) was calculated for three common reconstruction filters of the trunk. The empirically derived limitations on ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign implementation for dose reduction were assessed using (1, 5, 10) yr old and adolescent/adult anthropomorphic phantoms. To assess dose reduction limits, the phantoms were scanned in increments of increased noise index (decrementing mA using automatic tube current modulation) balanced with ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction to maintain noise equivalence of the 0% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign image. Results: The ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign algorithm did not produce any unfavorable effects on image quality as assessed by ACR criteria. Conversely, low-contrast resolution was found to improve due to the reduction of noise in the reconstructed images. NPS calculations demonstrated that images with lower frequency noise had lower noise variance and coarser graininess at progressively higher percentages of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction; and in spite of the similar magnitudes of noise, the image reconstructed with 50% or more ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign presented a more

  11. Distribución espacial de señales de cambio climático en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Ochoa Jaramillo, Andrés; Poveda Jaramillo, Germán

    2008-01-01

    Se analiza si las tendencias de cambio climático detectadas por Mesa et.al. (1997) siguen algunos patrones espaciales. Asi mismo se evalúo la coherencia local entre las tendencias de cambio en las distintas variables.

  12. Risto Rossar: umbes 90% äriideedest kukub läbi / Risto Rossar ; intervjueerinud Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rossar, Risto

    2009-01-01

    IIZI Group AS-i juhatuse esimees vastab küsimustele, kuidas sai alguse IIZI Kindlustusmaaker, millised on turud, kus IIZI tegutseb, milliseid vigu on tehtud, kuhu võiks firma edasi laieneda. Diagrammid

  13. Gestión y Distribución de Aplicaciones en Grandes Organizaciones

    CERN Document Server

    Cancio-Melia, G

    1998-01-01

    This thesis describes first the general state of the art in Software Management and Distribution in large Organisations, entering then the specifics of CERN and its software management and distribution method for UNIX/Linux-based systems called ASIS. The advantages and shortcomings of ASIS in its state before 1997 are explained in detail. The redesign and rewrite of the ASIS software framework and its tools, for which the author spent 12 months at CERN, is the core part of the thesis. The main functionality enhancements include the design and implementation of a transaction-based system for validating changes to the ASIS software repository, and its fail-safe replication on local and remote sites. The new framework and these tools are currently in production at CERN and many other institutes.

  14. Altimeter Setting Indicator

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Altimeter Setting Indicator (ASI) is an aneroid system used at airports to provide an altimeter setting for aircraft altimeters. This indicator may be an analog...

  15. "Tallinnskii tramvai" võzval konflikt interessov / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna Trammi- ja Trollibussikoondise AS-i töötajate usaldusisiku Aleksandr Martõnenko ja arendusdirektori Leonid Mihhailovi ning aselinnapea Jaanus Mutli arvamusi Prantsuse firma Systra koostatud projektist "Tallinna tramm"

  16. Lilp: Norrast sisse ostetud nõukogu juht avab uksi. Rahvusvaheliseks saada ongi raske / Hannes Lilp ; intervjueerija Marili Niidumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lilp, Hannes

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu laevaremondi- ja ehitusega tegeleva SRC Group AS-i omaniku Hannes Lilpiga. Ettevõte võitis NATO Support Agency (NSPA) hanke Eesti mereväele kuuluva miinijahtija EML Wambola värskendustöödeks

  17. Mentoring during surgical training: consensus recommendations for mentoring programmes from the Association of Surgeons in Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, P; Fitzgerald, J E F; McDermott, F D; Derbyshire, L; Shalhoub, J

    2014-11-01

    Mentoring has been present within surgical training for many years, albeit in different forms. There is evidence that formal mentoring can improve patient outcomes and facilitate learning and personal growth in the mentee. The Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) is an independent educational charity working to promote excellence in surgical training. This document recommends the introduction of a structured mentoring programme, which is readily accessible to all surgical trainees. A review of the available evidence--including an ASiT-led survey of its membership--highlights the desire of surgical trainees to have a mentor, whilst the majority do not have access to one. There is also limited training for those in mentoring roles. In response, ASiT have implemented a pilot mentoring scheme, with surgical trainees acting both as mentors and mentees. Based on the existing literature, survey data and pilot experience, ASiT formalises in this document consensus recommendations for mentoring in surgical training.

  18. Veronika Dari mõrvarid mõisteti vangi / Madis Taras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taras, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Harju maakohtu otsusest Tallinnas 2005. aasta 7. oktoobri hommikul Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i endise esimehe Tiit Ottise mõrvakatse käigus koolitüdruku Veronika Dari tapnud kurjategijate karistamise kohta

  19. Ilves tunnustab tänavu kolme ettevõtjat. Teenetemärk Enn Pandile / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Valgetähe teenetemärgi saavad sel aastal ettevõtjatest ASi Tallink Grupp juhatuse esimees Enn Pant, Bellus Furniture OÜ üks omanikke Rolf Kristian Relander ning Valgamaal teraviljakasvatusega tegeleva Puide talu omanik Mati Nurm

  20. Norma hoiab ligi pool miljardit krooni hoiupõrsas / Eleri Lopp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lopp, Eleri

    2007-01-01

    Norma AS-i ligi poolest miljardit kroonist, mis seisab juba pikemat aega pangakontol või on paigutatud lühiajalistesse investeeringutesse. Kommenteerib Lauri Lind. Diagramm: Normal pidevalt sajad miljonid käibevaras

  1. Internetilepingul on paberil lepingu jõud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Internetilepingutest. Kommenteerivad Tarkvara OÜ juhataja Veiko Herne ja ASi Neti Värav elektronkommertsi mänedžer Ingrid Maltsaar. Lisatud tabel: lepingus valeandmete esitajate TOP riikide järgi

  2. Mis on Teie arvates meie kõrghariduses hästi ja mis halvasti? Kuidas hindate taset, mis võiks olla teisiti? / Liina Oks, Tarmo Tael, Dimitri Demjanov...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimustele vastavad Sampo panga personalidiretor Liina Oks, DPD ASi tegevjuht Tarmo Tael, restoran Gloria juht Dimitri Demjanov, Vaasan Grupi ärivaldkonna direktor Ants Promann ja AS Helmes juht Jaan Pillesaar

  3. Side- ja turvanguamet / Indrek Süld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Süld, Indrek

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 34-35; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 34-35. Ülevaade AS-i Eesti Raudtee side- ja turvanguameti tegevusest 2003. aastal. Skeem

  4. Setu maffia Hunt / Andres Hunt ; interv. Paavo Kangur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hunt, Andres, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    ASi Tallink Grupp juhatuse aseesimees Tallinki uuest kruiisilaevast Baltic Princess, isiklikust elust, vabast ajast ja harrastustest, Põlvamaa maakodust, haridusteest ja senisest karjäärist, Silja Line'i ostutehingust, Tallinki aktsiate ostmisest

  5. Kalevi uus omanik tahab ettevõtte eksportima panna / Raigo Neudorf ; kommenteerinud Kuldar Leis, Kati Kusmin, Vjatšeslav Leedo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory osta sooviv Orkla kontrerni esindajate kinnitusel hakatakse edaspidi toodangut eksportima nii Balti- kui Põhjamaadesse. Enne varade üleminekut uuele omanikule tuleb ära oodata Kalevi aktsiate aresti alt vabanemine. Diagramm

  6. Фабрику Kalev продают норвежской фирме / Андрус Карнау, Райго Неудорф

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Карнау, Андрус

    2010-01-01

    AS-i Kalev Chocolate Factory osta sooviv Orkla kontrerni esindajate kinnitusel hakatakse edaspidi toodangut eksportima nii Balti- kui Põhjamaadesse. Enne varade üleminekut uuele omanikule tuleb ära oodata Kalevi aktsiate aresti alt vabanemine

  7. Teemehed, kas te ei oska või te ei saa!? / Madis Jürgen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürgen, Madis, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Autor uurib erinevatelt spetsialistidelt Eesti maanteede halva olukorra põhjuseid. Vt. samas: Teedeehituses näitavad võimu neli suurt vaala; Tallinna-Tartu maantee haigused ja hädad; Tee-ehitus on keeruline asi

  8. Remontija: samba elektrilahendus on põlve otsas valmis nokitsetud / Heino Harak ; intervjueerinud Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Harak, Heino, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Vabadussõja võidusamba valgustuse parandamise riigihanke võitnud AS-i KHEnergia-Konsult omanik Heino Harak praegusest samba valgustusest, mikrokliimast, ventilatsioonist ja eesseisvatest töödest. Võidusamba valgustus saab korda novembris 2010

  9. Urmas Sõõrumaa ostis poole kohvikuketist Coffee Plus / Villy Paimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paimets, Villy, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Urmas Sõõrumaa omandas oma investeerimisfirma AS-i U.S. Invest kaudu poole Eesti erakapitalil põhinevast kohvikuketist Coffee Plus, investeerides uute kohvikute rajamisse Rocca al Mares ning valmivas Admirali Majas

  10. Mööbel vajab nišše ja ekspordiauke. Vallutamist ootab vana Euroopa / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Ari Lustila, Heido Vitsur, Priit Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Olukorrast mööbliturul: edukamad on olnud korpusmööbliga tegelevad ettevõtted. Arvamust avaldavad ASi Suwem turundusjuht Mart Nilson ja OÜ Bellus Furnitur tootmisjuht Rolf Kristian Relander. Diagrammid

  11. Eriline lennuaasta / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2010-01-01

    Eesti riik sai Estonian Airi 90-protsendilise osaluse. EMT ja Elioni 2010. aasta võrguriketest. Aprillis alustas Eestis tegevust elektribörs Nord Pool. Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi, Maanteeameti ja Nordecon Infra AS-i teehangete skandaalist

  12. Moskva ärimehed müüvad Narva ettevõtte / Ilja Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smirnov, Ilja

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 18. aug. lk. 4. Moskva omanikele kuuluva ja kangaste viimistlemisega tegeleva Narva ettevõtte, AS-i Polytex.ee.Printing töö on täielikult peatatud ning algab massiline koondamine

  13. Tähemees sõuab visalt edasi / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Starman asutaja, juht ja osanik Peeter Kern ei soovi oma osalust firmas müüa. Vt. samas: CV; Kruvikeerajad, tsiklid ja sigarid. Kommenteerivad Valdo Kalm, Andrus Hiiepuu, Raivo Hein ja Märt Jakobson

  14. Kuidas Orissaare näitering Tuulikute festivaliks valmistus / Ellen Teemus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teemus, Ellen

    2009-01-01

    Ellen Teemuse meenutus sellest, kuidas Orissaare näitetrupp Jüri Tuuliku novelli "Haab" ainetel valminud lühietenduseni "Jonn" jõudis, ning mis vendadele Tuulikutele pühendatud festivalil "Meretagune asi" publiku ette toodi

  15. Pan-Baltic Linas Libikas - sometimes Hobbes, sometimes Calvin / Linas Libikas ; interv. Ingrid Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Libikas, Linas

    2004-01-01

    Coca-Cola HBC Eesti AS-i turundusjuht olukorrast Baltimaade reklaamiturul, turundusspetsialistide sagedase töökohavahetamise võimalikest põhjustest ning oma eesmärkidest ettevõtte eesotsas. Lisa: Linas Libikas

  16. Characterization of SiC in DLC/a-Si films prepared by pulsed filtered cathodic arc using Raman spectroscopy and XPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DLC/a-Si films were deposited on germanium substrates. a-Si film was initially deposited as a seed layer on the substrate using DC magnetron sputtering. DLC film was then deposited on the a-Si layer via a pulsed filtered cathodic arc (PFCA) system. In situ ellipsometry was used to monitor the thicknesses of the growth films, allowing a precise control over the a-Si and DLC thicknesses of 6 and 9 nm, respectively. It was found that carbon atoms implanting on a-Si layer act not only as a carbon source for DLC formation, but also as a source for SiC formation. The Raman peak positions at 796 cm-1 and 972 cm-1 corresponded to the LO and TO phonon modes of SiC, respectively, were observed. The results were also confirmed using TEM, XPS binding energy and XPS depth profile analysis.

  17. AMS DAYS 2015 - Interview Roberto Battiston

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Roberto Battiston, president of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and deputy spokesperson of the AMS experiments, tells about AMS latest results and the complementarity with the second run of the LHC in the search for dark matter

  18. Carbon nanotube-amorphous silicon hybrid solar cell with improved conversion efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funde, Adinath M.; Nasibulin, Albert G.; Gufran Syed, Hashmi; Anisimov, Anton S.; Tsapenko, Alexey; Lund, Peter; Santos, J. D.; Torres, I.; Gandía, J. J.; Cárabe, J.; Rozenberg, A. D.; Levitsky, Igor A.

    2016-05-01

    We report a hybrid solar cell based on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) interfaced with amorphous silicon (a-Si). The high quality carbon nanotube network was dry transferred onto intrinsic a-Si forming Schottky junction for metallic SWNT bundles and heterojunctions for semiconducting SWNT bundles. The nanotube chemical doping and a-Si surface treatment minimized the hysteresis effect in current-voltage characteristics allowing an increase in the conversion efficiency to 1.5% under an air mass 1.5 solar spectrum simulator. We demonstrated that the thin SWNT film is able to replace a simultaneously p-doped a-Si layer and transparent conductive electrode in conventional amorphous silicon thin film photovoltaics.

  19. Infotehnoloogiateenistus / Meelis Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Meelis

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 36; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 36. Ülevaade AS-i Eesti Raudtee infotehnoloogiteenistuse tegvusest 2003. aastal

  20. Keskkond / Peep Pobbul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pobbul, Peep

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: 2003 : annual report : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 40-41; 2003 : godovoi ottshjot : [Eesti Raudtee]. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 40-41. AS-i Eesti Raudtee keskkonna-alastest projektidest

  1. Elektrijaht köidab kaht Ühendriikide firmat / Argo Ideon, Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    NRG Energy läbirääkimised Eesti Elektrijaamade erastamiseks kestavad. USA firma Cinergy Corporation tegi pakkumise AS-i Narva Elektrivõrk 49% aktsiate ostmiseks, konkurents Soome firmaga IVO. Skeem: USA energiahaid Narvas

  2. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by St John of God Community Services Ltd, Louth

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McLaughlin, P D

    2014-04-01

    The aim was to assess the performance of low-dose non-contrast CT of the urinary tract (LD-CT) acquired at radiation exposures close to that of abdominal radiography using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR).

  3. Role of amorphous silicon domains on Er3+ emission in the Er-doped hydrogenated amorphous silicon suboxide film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈长勇; 陈维德; 李国华; 宋淑芳; 丁琨; 许振嘉

    2003-01-01

    An investigation on the correlation between amorphous Si (a-Si) domains and Er3+ emission in the Er-doped hydrogenated amorphous silicon suboxide (a-Si:O:H) film is presented. On one hand, a-Si domains provide sufficient carriers for Er3+ carrier-mediated excitation which has been proved to be the highest excitation path for Er3+ ion; on the other hand, hydrogen diffusion from a-Si domains to amorphous silicon oxide (a-SiOx) matrix during annealing has been found and this possibly decreases the number of nonradiative centres around Er3+ ions. This study provides a better understanding of the role of a-Si domains on Er3+ emission in a-Si:O:Hfilms.

  4. Carbon nanotube-amorphous silicon hybrid solar cell with improved conversion efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funde, Adinath M; Nasibulin, Albert G; Syed, Hashmi Gufran; Anisimov, Anton S; Tsapenko, Alexey; Lund, Peter; Santos, J D; Torres, I; Gandía, J J; Cárabe, J; Rozenberg, A D; Levitsky, Igor A

    2016-05-01

    We report a hybrid solar cell based on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) interfaced with amorphous silicon (a-Si). The high quality carbon nanotube network was dry transferred onto intrinsic a-Si forming Schottky junction for metallic SWNT bundles and heterojunctions for semiconducting SWNT bundles. The nanotube chemical doping and a-Si surface treatment minimized the hysteresis effect in current-voltage characteristics allowing an increase in the conversion efficiency to 1.5% under an air mass 1.5 solar spectrum simulator. We demonstrated that the thin SWNT film is able to replace a simultaneously p-doped a-Si layer and transparent conductive electrode in conventional amorphous silicon thin film photovoltaics. PMID:27005494

  5. Hydrogen-free amorphous silicon with no tunneling states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao; Queen, Daniel R; Metcalf, Thomas H; Karel, Julie E; Hellman, Frances

    2014-07-11

    The ubiquitous low-energy excitations, known as two-level tunneling systems (TLSs), are one of the universal phenomena of amorphous solids. Low temperature elastic measurements show that e-beam amorphous silicon (a-Si) contains a variable density of TLSs which diminishes as the growth temperature reaches 400 °C. Structural analyses show that these a-Si films become denser and more structurally ordered. We conclude that the enhanced surface energetics at a high growth temperature improved the amorphous structural network of e-beam a-Si and removed TLSs. This work obviates the role hydrogen was previously thought to play in removing TLSs in the hydrogenated form of a-Si and suggests it is possible to prepare "perfect" amorphous solids with "crystal-like" properties for applications. PMID:25062205

  6. В российских СМИ начались чистки / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa oligarh Ališer Usmanov vallandas ASi Kommersant Holding peadirektori Andrei Galijevi ja ajakirja Kommersant-Vlast peatoimetaja Maksim Kovalski, tuues põhjuseks Venemaa peaministri Vladimir Putini solvamise

  7. Vene oligarh vallandas meediajuhte / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa oligarh Ališer Usmanov vallandas ASi Kommersant Holding peadirektori Andrei Galijevi ja ajakirja Kommersant-Vlast peatoimetaja Maksim Kovalski, tuues põhjuseks Venemaa peaministri Vladimir Putini solvamise

  8. IIZI pääses infovarguse kriminaalasjast puhtalt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Liikluskindlustuse Fondi poolt IIZI Kindlustusmaakler AS-i vastu esitatud süüdistused massilistes ebaseaduslikes infopäringutes fondi andmebaasidest ning ERGO süüdistused kliendiandmete varguses osutusid põhjendamatuteks

  9. Maanteeamet kaotas huvide konflikti ohu / Koit Brinkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brinkmann, Koit

    2010-01-01

    Maanteeamet vabastas töölt hangete osakonna juhataja Märt Kiiseli, kelle abikaasa Ingrid Aloe-Kiisel on AS-i Nordecon International õigusdirektor. Nordecon Infra osaleb aktiivselt ameti teedeehituse hangetel

  10. Eesti Post jääb liigse sekkumise tõttu juhita / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 10. juuli lk. 9. AS-i Eesti Post praegune juht Peeter Raudsepp ei kandideeri teiseks ametiajaks, tuues põhjuseks poliitikute liigse sekkumise ettevõtte tegevusse. Lisa: Eesti Post

  11. Eestlased teevad igavast Laumast moetööstuse tipptegijat / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2005-01-01

    Eesti investeerimisfirma Alta Capital omandas 2004. aasta kevadel enamuse Läti kanga- ja pesutootja AS-i Lauma aktsiatest. Ettevõtte arengust ja tulevikuplaanidest. Lisa: Pesumood muutub erootilisemaks. Diagrammid: Lauma

  12. Riina Vändre is the best P.R. manager in Estonia / Riina Vändre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vändre, Riina, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Turu-uuringute AS-i poolt ajakirjanike hulgas läbi viidud küsitluse tulemusel Eesti parimaks suhtekorraldajaks valitud Eesti Energia avalike suhete juht oma tööst monopoolse suurettevõtte maine kujundamisel

  13. Ad' taboo : the reiterations in advertising : plagiarism or coincidence? / Tomas Bartninkas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bartninkas, Tomas

    2006-01-01

    Autor tutvustab maailmapraktikat sarnaste ideede kasutamisest reklaamides ning nendib, et reklaamide plagiaadiks tembeldamine või süütuks kokkusattumuseks pidamine on igaühe enda südametunnistuse asi

  14. AS Narva Vesi reoveepuhastusjaama rekonstrueerimine / Hilje Õunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunapuu, Hilje

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Narva Vesi reoveepuhasti rekonstrueerimist aastatel 2003-2005 finantseerisid Euroopa Komisjoni Ühtekuuluvusfond, SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency), Eesti riik ning AS Narva Vesi. Puhastustehnoloogia viidi vastavusse eurodirektiivide ja Eesti standardite nõuetega

  15. Autofirmad püüavad kvaliteedi sertifikaate / Eeva Pajuviidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajuviidik, Eeva

    2004-01-01

    ISO 9001:2000 kvaliteedijuhtimise sertifikaadi vajalikkusest automüügifirmade jaoks ning esimese automüügifirmana Eestis sertifikaadi omandanud Veho Eesti AS-i kogemusest kvaliteedisüsteemi juurutamisel

  16. Lisakogus juustu läks Võrust Pekingi poole teele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Võru Juust läkitas Hiinasse lisakoguse juustu Forte. Tänu itaallaste juhendamisele ja nõustamisele on jõutud õigete tehnoloogiliste lahendusteni ning kõrge kvaliteedini. Lisa: ASi Võru Juust ekspordi pingerida

  17. MicroLink loobus kõrvaltegevustest, et keskenduda IT teenustele / Peter Priisalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priisalm, Peter

    2004-01-01

    MicroLink Eesti AS-i juhatuse esimees arvutitootmise ja internetiportaali Delfi müümise põhjustest, ettevõtte tegevuse eesmärkidest kolmes Balti riigis, keskendudes infotehnoloogia teenuste pakkumisele ja raadiosideseadmete valmistamisele

  18. Swedish Match valutab pead rohkem aktsiisi kui erisoodustusmaksu pärast / Raigo Roosve ; interv. Imbi E. Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosve, Raigo

    1999-01-01

    Intervjuus vastab tubakafirma AS-i Swedish Match peadirektor Raigo Roosve küsimustele, miks ja mille alusel maksab AS Swedish Match erisoodustusmaksu ja kas firmal on olnud arusaamatusi maksuameti või maksudega

  19. Väike ringtee peaks valmis saama seitsme aastaga / Garel Püüa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Püüa, Garel

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna linnavolikogu kiitis heaks Tallinna väikese ringtee, mis ühendaks Peterburi tee Tartu ja Viljandi maanteega, rajamise kava. Kommenteerib AS-i Tallinna Lennujaam käitlusdirektor Einari Bambus

  20. Uusi väärtusi logistikas aitab luua infotehnoloogia / Kristo Kiviorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiviorg, Kristo

    2005-01-01

    Infotehnoloogilisi lahendusi logistikas. Lisa: Iga uuendus pole uus teenus. Kommenteerivad Tallinna Kaubamaja logistikajuht Robert Laud, AS-i Sales-Star tegevdirektor Tiina Aas, Liviko siseturu müügijuht Ragnar Kits