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Sample records for bk020031 asi tpha

  1. A Case of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Associated with False Positive VDRL and TPHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzeyyen Gonul

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a connective tissue disease characterized by vasculitis, which may involve multiple organs as well as the skin. Serologic tests for syphilis may be false positive in SLE. Although the false positivity of VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory is commonly seen, false positivity of TPHA (Treponema pallidum haemagglutination is a rare condition. We present a case of SLE with false positive VDRL and TPHA. A 26-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with violaceous papules and plaques with whitish desquamation and erosions, and crusts on the face, arms and back. The histopathological examination of the skin biopsy supported the diagnosis of discoid lupus erythematosus. The diagnosis of SLE was based on the presence of photosensitivity and the detection of leukopenia, anemia and positivities of antinuclear antibody, anti DNA, and VDRL. In addition to these findings, TPHA was found to be positive, but the ELISA test for syphilis and FTA ABS Ig M were negative. The positivity of VDRL and TPHA were accepted as false positives. We would like to point out that the false positivity of TPHA, although more rarely encountered, as well as that of VDRL, may be observed in SLE patients.

  2. The ASI science program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musso, Carlo

    2002-03-01

    Italy came in the space business in 1963, being the third nation in the world, after the Soviet Union and the United States, to put an artificial satellite into orbit. In 1988 the Italian Space Agency (ASI) was constituted, with the mandate of planning, coordinating and executing civil space activities in Italy. The core of national space activities is science, for which Italy spends about 25% of the ASI budget, both in national and international programs. The community served by the scientific directorate of ASI is a very wide one, ranging from the science of the Universe and the exploration of the Solar System to life sciences, from Earth observation to the development of new technologies. The success of Italian space research appears under many different points of view. The national satellite BeppoSAX, named after Giuseppe Beppo Occhialini, widely contributed to solve the γ-ray burst puzzle, obtaining the relevant acknowledgment of the ``Bruno Rossi Prize''. Italian researchers kept the PI-ship of various payloads on board ESA missions, such as Epic for XMM-Newton, Ibis for Integral, Virtis and Giada for Rosetta, PFS and Marsis for Mars Express. Also in the field of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) two important experiments are foreseen in the next future, with Italian PIs: SPOrt on board the International Space Station, dedicated to the polarization of CMB, and LFI (Low Frequency Instrument) on board the ESA Planck satellite, to study CMB anisotropy. Meanwhile, a great success has been obtained with the balloon experiment Boomerang. Moreover, ASI started a national scientific and technological small mission program. The first three missions are on their way: Agile (a γ-ray observatory), David (an experiment to test very high frequency data transmission), and a third one, devoted to Earth science. .

  3. Tamm ja Asi / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Näitus "Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm & Vello Asi" Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis kuni 2. IX. Kuna valminud objektidest ei ole enam ühtegi originaalkujul alles, on eksponeeritud võimalikult suurel hulgal valmimisjärgseid fotosid, millest enamiku on teinud Rein Vainküla

  4. De meilleurs emplois pour l'Asie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Offrir de meilleurs emplois en Asie exigera des interventions créatives de la part des gouvernements, des employeurs et des entrepreneurs. Le CRDI aide les établisse- ments de recherche à trouver des .... de dollars en 2014, ont entraîné une expansion majeure des emplois pour les. Bangladaises. On s'attend à ce que ...

  5. Vello Asi - Eesti sisearhitektuuri Grand Old Man / Vello Asi ; interv. Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asi, Vello, 1927-

    2002-01-01

    Intervjuu sisearhitekti 75. sünnipäeva puhul. V. Asi õpingutest, tööst Estonprojektis, Kunstitoodete Kombinaadis, sisearhitektuuri kateedris, oma töödest, koostööst Valve Pormeistri ja Väino Tammega, eesti sisekujundusest 1960.-1970. aastail. 12 ill.

  6. Asie du sud | Page 191 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie du sud. flexible layoutflexible layoutflexible layoutflexible layoutflexible layout. Asie du sud. Read more about Asie. Asie. Langue French. Si la croissance économique a réduit la pauvreté dans une bonne partie de l'Asie, les populations rurales et minoritaires rencontrent encore des difficultés. La région est aux prises ...

  7. Asie centrale | Page 66 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie centrale. Asie centrale. Read more about Sharing the Benefits from Transportation and Logistics Improvements in the GMS : a Study of the East-West and North-South Corridors. Langue English. Read more about Compétences, gouvernance et nanotechnologies : pleins feux sur l'Inde. Langue French. Read more ...

  8. Asie centrale | Page 39 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie centrale. Asie centrale. Read more about Climate Change, Innovation, and Information and Communication Technologies. Langue English. Read more about Programme de formation en actuariat Inde-Canada (Waterloo). Langue French. Read more about Actuarial Sciences Graduate Training Program ...

  9. Asie centrale | Page 64 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie centrale. Asie centrale. Read more about Renforcement de la recherche en sciences sociales en Iraq. Langue French. Read more about Strengthening Social Science Research in Iraq. Langue English. Read more about Genetically Modified Organisms : Public Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions (India). Langue ...

  10. Asie centrale | Page 22 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie centrale. Asie centrale. Read more about Evaluating a Real-Time Bio Surveillance Program : Pilot Project. Langue English. Read more about Projet pilote d'évaluation d'un programme de biosurveillance en temps réel. Langue French. Read more about Environmental Economics Research Competition for the Middle ...

  11. Asie centrale | Page 26 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie centrale. Asie centrale. Read more about The Alliance to Scale Digital Innovation and Entrepreneurship (Seed Alliance). Langue English. Read more about La transformation économique de l'Inde favorise-t-elle l'autonomisation économique des femmes? Langue French. Read more about Does India's Economic ...

  12. ASY-EOS experiment at GSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kezzar K.

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons in reactions of neutron rich Heavy-Ion at intermediate energies has been recently proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term in the nuclear equation of state (EOS at supra-saturation densities. The recent results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model allowed a first estimate of the symmetry term of the EOS but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration in May 2011.

  13. The ASY-EOS Experiment at GSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russotto P.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. In the ASY-EOS experiment at the GSI laboratory, flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon. Flow results obtained for the Au+Au system, in comparison with predictions of the UrQMD transport model, confirm the moderately soft to linear density dependence of the symmetry energy deduced from the earlier FOPI-LAND data.

  14. An Optimization of ASI Operation Band in KSNP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, C.O.; Um, K.S.; Lee, J.I.; Choi, T.S.; Yoo, J.S.; Kim, J.S.; Kim, J.J.; Ryu, S.H.; Choi, J.D.; Kwon, J.T.; Lee, C.C.; Kim, J.I.; Suh, D.S.

    2002-01-01

    A power level dependent ASI LCO (Limiting Condition for Operation) is developed for the Korea Standard Nuclear Power Plant to improve the plant operability in the low power range and to gain the additional thermal margin in the high power range. The ASI LCO for COLSS (Core Operating Limit Supervisory System) in the low power range between 20% and 40% is relaxed to ±0.57 from ±0.27 so as to enhance the plant operability especially during the fast return-to-power maneuvering after trip. In contrast, the ASI LCO in the high power range between 80% and 100% is tightened to ±0.17 from ±0.27 to recover unnecessarily eroded thermal margin that could otherwise be easily utilized for enhancing capacity factor like the power up-rating. In addition to the COLSS ASI optimization, the CPC ASI range trip set point is expanded from ±0.5 to ±0.7 to allow the COLSS LCO change and to enhance the plant operability for power range below 20% by virtually eliminating the possibility of ASI range trip. Safety evaluations for the limiting accidents of concern have been carried out to demonstrate that the power dependent ASI LCO does not cause any un-compliance with safety criteria and provides considerable thermal margin gain in the high power range. Thermal margin evaluation to date indicates that ±0.1 ASI reduction near full power level can lead to ∼2% overpower margin gain and more than 85 K gain in LOCA PCT. (authors)

  15. Pola Pemberian ASI Tiga Hari Pertama dan Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Keluarnya ASI Pertama di Rumah Sakit Fatmawati Jakarta 1998

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    Roostiati Sutrisno Wanda

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Hampir semua ibu di Indonesia memberikan air susu ibu (ASI kepada bayinya, namun hanya sebagian kecil saja yang memberikan ASI segera setelah lahir. Beberapa peneliti melaporkan bahwa di Indonesia proporsi ASI eksklusif selama 4 bulan pertama kelahiran sangat rendah. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah pemberian makanan tambahan (pre-lacteal food yang terlalu cepat. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola menyusui ibu kepada bayinya selama 3 hari pertama di RS Fatmawati Jakarta. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian ini, telah dilakukan wawancara kepada 100 orang ibu yang baru melahirkan, pada dua hari pertama setelah melahirkan atau sebelum pulang dari rumah sakit. Hasil wawancara menunjukkan 25,6% responden mulai memberikan ASI pada satu jam setelah melahirkan dan 79,5% memberikan kolostrum kepada bayinya. Saat kapan pertama kali ibu menyusui bayinya tergantung dari perawatan payudara saat hamil dan saat kapan kunjungan pertama dari penyuluh kesehatan

  16. Asie centrale | Page 35 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue English. Read more about Soutien aux processus d'élaboration des politiques de réglementation des biotechnologies en Asie du Sud-Est. Langue French. Read more about Innovation en matière de biocarburants sous le signe de l'inclusion en Indonésie. Langue French. Read more about Toward Inclusive Biofuel ...

  17. Asie centrale | Page 83 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans de nombreux pays aux quatre coins de la planète, la dengue constitue un important fardeau économique et social. Read more about L'innovation au service de la lutte contre la dengue en Asie. Langue French. Asian researchers have developed new environmental and community approaches to reduce the number ...

  18. Asie du sud | Page 50 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie du sud. Asie du sud. Read more about Transferts intergénérationnels, vieillissement de la population et protection sociale en Asie. Langue French. Read more about Intergenerational Transfers, Aging and Social Protection in Asia. Langue English. Read more about Intégration systématique de l'évaluation (théorie et ...

  19. Migration transnationale des Vietnamiennes en Asie | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Au cours des dix dernières années, on a observé une croissance rapide de la féminisation de la migration en Asie. Durant cette période, plus de 100 000 Vietnamiennes ont migré vers d'autres pays pour travailler, et un nombre équivalent pour se marier, dans le cadre d'arrangements commerciaux. Souvent, cependant ...

  20. Praktik pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI bukan faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildagardis M.E Nai

    2016-08-01

    status, complementary foods ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Stunting merefleksikan kegagalan proses mencapai potensi pertumbuhan linear sebagai akibat dari kondisi kesehatan dan gizi yang tidak optimal. Salah satu penyebab kejadian stunting adalah kuantitas dan kualitas MP-ASI yang rendah.Tujuan: Untuk mengidentifikasi risiko praktik pemberian MP-ASI seperti usia pengenalan MP-ASI, keragaman MP-ASI, dan frekuensi MP-ASI dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Rancangan penelitian ini adalah kasus-kontrol dengan perbandingan 1:1 dan menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif-kualitatif model concurrent embedded. Kasus adalah anak usia 6-23 bulan yang memiliki skor-z PB/U <-2SD. Kontrol adalah anak usia 6-23 bulan yang memiliki skor-z PB/U ≥-2SD yang tinggal berdekatan dengan kelompok kasus. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat (deskriptif, bivariat (uji chi-square dan multivariat (uji regresi logistik berganda.Hasil: Analisis bivariat menunjukkan usia pengenalan MP-ASI (OR=1,07, keragaman MP-ASI (OR=1,17, dan frekuensi pemberian MP-ASI (OR=1,69 bukan faktor risiko kejadian stunting (p>0,05. Skor keragaman MP-ASI yang lebih rendah (kelompok makanan ≤2, 3, 4 berhubungan dengan peningkatan risiko kejadian stunting berturut-turut OR=2,24, 95% CI:1,00-5,01; OR=1,82, 95% CI:0,96-3,45; OR=1,66, 95% CI:0,81-3,46. Analisis multivariat menunjukkan faktor risiko kejadian stunting adalah tinggi badan ibu (OR=1,86 dan riwayat berat badan lahir rendah (BBLR (OR=3,23,.Kesimpulan: Praktik pemberian MP-ASI seperti usia pengenalan, keragaman, dan frekuensi pemberian MP-ASI bukan merupakan faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan. Faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan yang bermakna adalah tinggi badan ibu dan riwayat BBLR.KATA KUNCI: stunting, asupan makan, status gizi, MP-ASI

  1. ANALISIS FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PEMBERIAN ASI EKSLUSIF PUSKESMAS PARIAMAN KOTA PARIAMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Fajri Utami

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ASI eksklusif, salah satu program prioritas karena dampaknya yang luas terhadap kesehatan bayi. Puskesmas Pariaman merupakan yang paling rendah cakupan ASI eksklusifnya yaitu 53,3 %. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor internal dan ekstemal program peningkatan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Penelitian kualitatif ini dilaksanakan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pariaman Kota Pariaman dengan informan kepala Puskesmas, koordinator program gizi, bidan desa, kader Posyandu, dan ibu bayi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara indepth interview, FGD dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara content analisis. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan aspek internal dari segi input, tenaga pelaksana adalah tenaga gizi dan sudah mendapatkan pelatihanASI eksklusif, belum ada dana khusus, metode yang digunakan yaitu penyuluhan dengan memanfaatkan sarana Posyandu dan kelas ibu. Dari segi process, belum ada perencanaan dan pengorganisasian khusus, telah dilakukan penggerakan dan pemantauan oleh tenaga kesehatan. Dari segi output, cakupan ASI eksklusif masih rendah. Aspek ekstemal belum ada kebijakanpemerintah daerah yang mendukungASI eksklusif ada kebiasaan masyarakat yang mempengaruhi ASI eksklusif, rendahnya pengetahuan ibu dan faktor pekerjaan ibu menyebabkan rendahnya ASI eksklusif. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa program ASI eksklusif masih lemah dan rendah secara internal dan ekstemal. Diharapkan tenaga gizi agar lebih meningkatkan sosialisasi ASI eksklusif.

  2. Synthesis and characterization of 18F-labeled active site inhibited factor VII (ASIS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erlandsson, Maria; Nielsen, Carsten Haagen; Jeppesen, Troels Elmer

    2015-01-01

    column. The radiochemical yield was 25 ± 6%, the radiochemical purity was >97%, and the pseudospecific radioactivity was 35 ± 9 GBq/µmol. The binding efficacy was evaluated in pull-down experiments, which monitored the binding of unlabeled ASIS and [18F]ASIS to TF and to a specific anti-factor VII...... antibody (F1A2-mAb). No significant difference in binding efficacy between [18F]ASIS and ASIS could be detected. Furthermore, [18F]ASIS was relatively stable in vitro and in vivo in mice. In conclusion, [18F]ASIS has for the first time been successfully synthesized as a possible positron emission...

  3. The role of CGS/ASI in the Mediterranean area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianco, Giuseppe; Luceri, Vincenza; Pacione, Rosa

    2017-04-01

    The Centro di Geodesia Spaziale "G. Colombo" (CGS), of the Italian Space Agency (ASI), plays an important role in the geodetic research and products devoted to the Terrestrial Reference Frame realization. Global and regional geodetic products, based on the three space geodesy techniques hosted by CGS (SLR, VLBI, GNSS) are regularly submitted to the geodetic international organizations (IERS, ILRS, IVS, IGS). Moreover, the CGS hosts and operates an absolute gravimeter. Several space geodetic solutions are produced on a regular basis at the CGS geodetic data analysis center, such as daily GPS solutions of the station coordinates in the European area submitted to EUREF as well as daily and weekly estimates of the worldwide SLR network coordinates. In addition, the CGS produces multi-year VLBI and SLR solutions used as reference frame in the combination of multi-technique geodetic solutions. ASI/CGS manages the Italian GNSS fiducial network and delivers GNSS data to the users through the EUREF local data center GeoDAF. The permanent Italian geodetic network is still increasing in size and in the near future it will provide a challenging insight of the kinematics of the central Mediterranean area.

  4. Discriminative and Criterion Validity of the Autism Spectrum Identity Scale (ASIS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, T. A. M.

    2017-01-01

    Individuals on the autism spectrum face stigma that can influence identity development. Previous research on the 22-item Autism Spectrum Identity Scale (ASIS) reported a four-factor structure with strong split-sample cross-validation and good internal consistency. This study reports the discriminative and criterion validity of the ASIS with other…

  5. SERUM RETINOL DAN STATUS GIZI IBU MENYUSUI MENENTUKAN KADAR VITAMIN A DALAM ASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandjaja Sandjaja

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang: Status vitamin A ibu menyusui dan bayinya telah dibuktikan mempunyai hubungan yang erat. Bayi dari ibu yang menderita kurang vitamin A mempunyai risiko yang tinggi menderita KVA. Asumsinya hubungan tersebut dimediasi oleh kadar vitamin A dalam ASI sebagai sumber vitamin A utama. Tujuan: Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara status vitamin A ibu menyusui dan kadar vitamin A dalam ASI. Metode: Studi dilakukan pada 440 ibu menyusui yang bayinya umur 6-12 bulan di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dan Ciamis. Serum vitamin A dalam darah dan kadar vitamin A dalam ASI dikumpulkan dan dianalisis dengan metode HPLC. Kovariat antropometri, morbiditas, karakteristik ibu dan bayi yang berperan dalam serum vitamin A dan vitamin A ASI dikumpulkan. Analisis uji-t, ANOVA dan ANCOVA dilakukan untuk menguji peran status vitamin A ibu terhadap vitamin A ASI. Hasil: Hasil studi menunjukkan KVA ibu menyusui berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap rendahnya kadar vitamin A dalam ASI setelah dikontrol oleh kovariat status gizi ibu menyusui. Rerata vitamin A dalam ASI pada ibu yang KVA dan non KVA 47,0 μg/dL dan 88,2 μg/dL. Kesimpulan: Setelah dikontrol oleh kovariat status gizi ibu menyusui, kurang vitamin A pada ibu menyusui berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap rendahnya kadar vitamin A dalam ASI.

  6. Asie du sud | Page 55 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie du sud. Asie du sud. Read more about Startup - Philippines Community Electronic Centres Academy. Langue English. Read more about Activités de recherche, de diffusion et de réseautage aux fins de la lutte antitabac au Liban. Langue French. Read more about Tobacco Control Research, Dissemination and ...

  7. Asie du sud | Page 11 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie du sud. Asie du sud. Read more about How Communities Deal with Traumatic Memory: Lessons from Aceh and Timor-Leste. Langue English. Read more about Réduction des pertes de fruits en Inde et au Sri Lanka grâce à la nanotechnologie (FCRSAI). Langue French. Read more about Enhanced Preservation of ...

  8. Asie du sud | Page 5 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asie du sud. Asie du sud. Read more about Alternative Measure of Wellbeing: Bhutan's Gross National Happiness 2010. Langue English. Read more about Mekong Economic Research Network (MERN). Langue English. Read more about Technologies omniprésentes et accès au savoir (A2K). Langue French. Read more ...

  9. Increasing the optical absorption in a-Si thin films by embedding gold nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faraone, Gabriele; Modi, Ritika; Marom, Sarita; Podestà, Alessandro; Di Vece, Marcel

    2018-01-01

    The light conversion efficiency of traditional a-Si thin-film solar cells is limited by their low optical thicknesses, especially in the NIR. A possible approach to increase the light-trapping efficiency over the entire solar spectral range is to design solar-cell architectures which rely on the optical properties of plasmonic nanocomposite materials. We demonstrate that it is possible to have a controlled Gold nanoparticle optical absorption by varying the thickness of a covering a-Si thin-film. For thick a-Si films the Gold nanoparticle plasmon resonance vanishes likely due to the formation of a silicide. Optical absorption measurements as well as finite difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations were employed to determine the a-Si thickness-dependent optical absorption properties, which demonstrated a significantly increased optical absorption in a-Si.

  10. DETERMINAN YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PEMBERIAN MP-ASI DINI PADA BAYI USIA 0-6 BULAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafika Oktova

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Menurut SDKI (2012 di Indonesia pemberian MP-ASI dini : usia 0-1 bulan sebesar 49,3%, pada usia 2-3 bulan 51%, dan usia 4-5 bulan sebesar 73%. Bila MP-ASI diberikan saat usia dibawah 6 bulan, sistem pencernaan bayi belum memiliki enzim untuk mencerna makanan sehingga memberatkan kerja pencernaan dan ginjal, dapat menimbulkan reaksi batuk, diare, kolik, dan alergi. Persentase cakupan pemberian ASI eksklusif terendah adalah di Puskesmas Rumbai Pesisir yaitu sebanyak 37,27%.Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian MP-ASI dini pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rumbai Pesisir Pekanbaru. Penelitian ini adalah analitik desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh ibu yang mempunyai bayi 0-6 bulan berjumlah 1135 orang.Sampel berjumlah 92 orang.Analisis datadengan uji chi-square (α<0,05.Hasil uji statistik chi-square menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan dan pendidikan dengan pemberian MP-ASI dini dan tidak terdapat hubungan antara pekerjaan dan pendapatan keluarga dengan pemberian MP-ASI dini.Diharapkan tenaga kesehatan dapat bekerjasama dengan kader kesehatan dan tokoh masyarakat dalam memberikan penyuluhan atau bimbingan terarah tentang pemberian MP-ASI yang tepat waktu.

  11. Lesson Learned from AGILE and LARES ASI Projects About MATED Data Collection and Post Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpentiero, Rita; Mrchetti, Ernesto; Natalucci, Silvia; Portelli, Claudio

    2012-07-01

    ASI has managed and collected data on project development of two scientific all-Italian missions: AGILE and LARES. Collection of the Model And Test Effectiveness Database (MATED) data, concerning Project, AIV (Assembly Integration and Verification) and NCR (Non Conformance Report) aspects has been performed by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), using available technical documentation of both AGILE e LARES projects. In this paper some consideration on the needs of 'real time' data collection is made, together with proposal of front end improvement of this tool. In addition a preliminary analysis of MATED effectiveness related to the above ASI projects will be presented in a bottom-up and post verification approach.

  12. Le patrimoine urbain en Asie centrale 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillemette Pincent

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Le « patrimoine urbain » est une expression utilisée en Europe occidentale depuis le début du XXe siècle. Quelle signification prend-il en Asie centrale ? Nous verrons que le patrimoine urbain y est un concept étatique qui répond à des impératifs économiques, politiques et non historiques. Il regroupe principalement des monuments utiles au pouvoir politique et se soucie peu de l’authenticité historique chère à l’Occident.The “urban heritage” is an expression used in Western Europe since the beginning of XXth century. What meaning does it take in Central Asia? We shall see that the urban heritage is a state concept, which answers to economic, political and not historic imperatives. It includes mainly monuments useful for the political power and cares few about the historic authenticity advocated by the West.

  13. Panorama numérique de l'Asie-Pacifique (DirAP) - phase II | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Panorama numérique de l'Asie-Pacifique (Digital Review of Asia Pacific ou DirAP) a pour objet de produire des connaissances et de la documentation nouvelles sur l'état des technologies de l'information et de la communication au service du développement (TIC-D) dans la région Asie-Pacifique. Il contient donc des ...

  14. Expression and functional analysis of TaASY1 during meiosis of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Langridge Peter

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pairing and synapsis of homologous chromosomes is required for normal chromosome segregation and the exchange of genetic material via recombination during meiosis. Synapsis is complete at pachytene following the formation of a tri-partite proteinaceous structure known as the synaptonemal complex (SC. In yeast, HOP1 is essential for formation of the SC, and localises along chromosome axes during prophase I. Homologues in Arabidopsis (AtASY1, Brassica (BoASY1 and rice (OsPAIR2 have been isolated through analysis of mutants that display decreased fertility due to severely reduced synapsis of homologous chromosomes. Analysis of these genes has indicated that they play a similar role to HOP1 in pairing and formation of the SC through localisation to axial/lateral elements of the SC. Results The full length wheat cDNA and genomic clone, TaASY1, has been isolated, sequenced and characterised. TaASY1 is located on chromosome Group 5 and the open reading frame displays significant nucleotide sequence identity to OsPAIR2 (84% and AtASY1 (63%. Transcript and protein analysis showed that expression is largely restricted to meiotic tissue, with elevated levels during the stages of prophase I when pairing and synapsis of homologous chromosomes occur. Immunolocalisation using transmission electron microscopy showed TaASY1 interacts with chromatin that is associated with both axial elements before SC formation as well as lateral elements of formed SCs. Conclusion TaASY1 is a homologue of ScHOP1, AtASY1 and OsPAIR2 and is the first gene to be isolated from bread wheat that is involved in pairing and synapsis of homologous chromosomes.

  15. Résilience des villes face aux changements climatiques en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Résilience des villes face aux changements climatiques en Asie du Sud-Est. La préparation aux changements climatiques est une tâche énorme pour les gouvernements de la région du Mékong, en Asie du Sud-Est. Le présent projet les aidera à gérer ces changements dans un contexte caractérisé par des capacités ...

  16. Soutenir des politiques d'alimentation plus saine en Asie du Sud-Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Soutenir des politiques d'alimentation plus saine en Asie du Sud-Est. Près d'un quart des décès causés par des maladies non transmissibles dans le monde surviennent en Asie du Sud-Est. Ce projet tentera de résoudre le problème en menant des recherches sur la façon dont les politiques peuvent favoriser des ...

  17. Panorama numérique de l'Asie-Pacifique (DirAP) - phase II | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Panorama numérique de l'Asie-Pacifique (Digital Review of Asia Pacific ou DirAP) a pour objet de produire des connaissances et de la documentation nouvelles sur l'état des technologies de l'information et de la communication au service du développement (TIC-D) dans la région Asie-Pacifique. Il contient donc des ...

  18. Institutionnalisation et élargissement de la protection sociale en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En 1999, dans la foulée de la crise financière qui a secoué l'Asie, la Fondation Ford a lancé un programme de recherche sur la protection sociale en Asie. Ce programme a contribué à stimuler la production de travaux de recherche sur les nombreuses dimensions de la pauvreté et de la vulnérabilité en cernant les ...

  19. Mobilité de la main-d'oeuvre féminine en Asie : migration

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Document de travail 1: Mobilité de la main-d'oeuvre féminine en Asie : migration transnationale, protection sociale et citoyenneté. 13 décembre 2010. Naila Kabeer. Ce document passe en revue l'ensemble des travaux portant sur les mouvements migratoires de la main-d'oeuvre féminine en Asie du point de vue de la ...

  20. Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm ja Vello Asi. Näitusekataloog = Interior architects Väino Tamm and Vello Asi. Exhibition catalogue

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Näitusekataloogi "Tamm ja Asi" autor ja koostaja Karen Jagodin ning kujundaja Tiit Jürna pälvisid Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2007. a. publitsistika preemia. Enamik raamatus publitseeritud fotodest pärineb fotograaf Rein Vainküla kogust. K. Jagodinist ja T. Jürnast, nende fotod

  1. Comparative study of porous amorphous a-Si1-xCx films and a-Si1-xCx membranes on structural and luminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boukezzata, A.; Nezzal, G.; Guerbous, L.; Keffous, A.; Gabouze, N.; Belkacem, Y.; Manseri, A.; Brighet, A.; Kechouane, M.; Menari, H.

    2011-01-01

    Electrochemical etching of amorphous SiC in fluoride solution was studied. Anodic dissolution and passivation are observed for p-type electrodes under dark illumination. The dissolution of p-type a-Si 1-x C x is found to be under mixed transport/kinetic control; the diffusion current is of first order in fluoride concentration. Porous etching was not observed in this case. The surface finish of 6H-SiC depends on the experimental conditions; both uniform and porous etching is observed. In this paper, we report the formation of porous p-type amorphous SiC (a-Si 1-x C x ) films, elaborated previously by DC magnetron sputtering and analyze the porous layers (PSC) using scanning electron microscopy, spectrophotometer and photoluminescence. The crystal structures and the preparation conditions of porous SiC are shown to have an effect on the structural and electrical properties of the material obtained. SEM observation indicates that the porous a-Si 1-x C x layers have shown some specific feature; a semi-cylindrical structure of the porous network has been observed. - Research highlights: →Macroporous amorphous silicon carbide (PSC) by anodization. →Membrane of amorphous silicon carbide by KOH etching. → Membrane a-Si1-xCx and PSC for humidity sensors. The work is not still published.

  2. Hardware, integration & support for the ASI BIRBA balloon campaigns since year 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donati, A.; Petracchi, L.; Neri, G.; Zolesi, V.

    In the history of the space exploration, the stratospheric balloons have been among the first platforms used to carry out scientific experiments. The Italian Space Agency (ASI) has a long experience of missions with sounding balloons, managing the launch base of Trapani-Milo and executing launches over the Mediterranean sea with flight duration of about 24 hours. From year 2000 Kayser Italia (KI) have been commissioned by ASI to develop incubators for biology and physical science to be used for balloon missions, and to provide mission support during the balloon campaigns. On this basis KI developed the BIRBA incubator, that was used in four mission campaigns from 2000 to 2002. A large set of BIRBA incubators are currently available at ASI for carrying out new mission campaigns.

  3. Historiens arabes et manuscrits d’Asie centrale : quelques recoupements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Étienne de La Vaissière

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available On donne deux exemples de renseignements tirés des sources narratives arabo-persanes sur l’histoire de la conquête de l’Asie centrale durant les années 710 et 720 et corroborés directement par les sources locales, archives sogdiennes ou textes chinois. L’Asie centrale de la première moitié du viiie siècle est remarquablement connue par des sources diverses et les textes arabo-persans s’intègrent sans difficulté ni contradiction majeures dans cet ensemble.

  4. Dispersive transport in hydrogenated a-Si prepared by rf sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shirafuji, Junji; Kim, Gi-Il; Sawadsaringkarn, M.; Inuishi, Yoshio

    1981-01-01

    Time-of-flight measurement of photo-excited carriers has been carried out in hydrogenated a-Si deposited by rf sputtering method. Both electrons and holes show highly dispersive transport. The electron drift mobility near room temperature ranges from 5 x 10 -3 to 4 x 10 -5 cm 2 /V.s, much lower than that of GD samples, and the activation energy is about 0.3 eV. The value of the hole mobility is comparable with that in GD specimens, but its activation energy is about 0.2 eV which is about half of that observed in GD a-Si. (author)

  5. ANALISIS FAKTOR KEBERHASILAN PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DI TEMPAT KERJA PADA BURUH INDUSTRI TEKSTIL DI JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anissa Rizkianti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractExclusive breastfeeding is related to several potential factors, such as mother working status. Mothers who are worker, particularly in industrial sector are more likely not to exclusively breastfeed their child. Non-availability of breastfeeding facility in the workplace, types of work, working condition and implementation of reproductive rights were a number of factors that increase the risk of breastfeeding disorders among labor workers.This study aim ed to explore factors towards successful practices of exclusive breastfeeding in the workplace among textile industry workers in Jakarta, related to availability of breastfeeding right and facility. A qualitative study was conducted towards 27 informants working at a textile industry in Jakarta and having a baby older than 6 months to 12 months. Data was collected by Focus Group Discussion (FGD. Triangulation of data was obtained by in-depth interview to several resources such as midwife at the clinic company and the company supervisor. Only a few informants who successful exclusively breastfeed their children (n=2, while others failed. Knowledge of how to store breast milk and breastfeed in the workplace, availability of breastfeeding facility, as well as support from company supervisor are a number of predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors to the successful practice of exclusive breastfeeding. Role of health attendant and supervisor at the workplace through counseling, entitlements to breastfeeding and provision of adequate breastfeeding facilities are very important in order to support exclusive breastfeeding among labor workers.Keywords : Exclusive Breastfeeding, Workers, Textile IndustryAbstrakPemberian ASI eksklusif berhubungan dengan beberapa faktor, salah satunya status pekerjaan ibu. Ibu yang sehari-harinya bekerja, terutama sebagai pekerja buruh pabrik cenderung untuk tidak memberikan ASI kepada bayinya secara eksklusif. Kurangnya ketersediaan fasilitas ASI di tempat

  6. Rapport sur la main-d'oeuvre et l'emploi en Asie du Sud - favoriser ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    emploi, les marchés du travail, l'exclusion sociale et la protection sociale en Asie du Sud; - de consolider la recherche empirique sur la croissance économique et la qualité de l'emploi; - de communiquer l'information recueillie et les constatations de ...

  7. Obstacles commerciaux à la lutte antitabac en Asie du Sud-Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , la libéralisation du commerce a entraîné une hausse importante de la consommation de tabac chez les femmes et les enfants de certains pays d'Asie. Elle a également eu pour effet d'alléger les restrictions imposées en matière de publicité.

  8. Asie du sud | Page 101 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    flexible layoutflexible layoutflexible layoutflexible layoutflexible layout. Asie du sud. The 14th World Congress on Public Health was held from February 11 to 15, 2015, at Science City, Kolkata, India.This year's theme was "Healthy People – Healthy Environment." The Indian Public Health Organization and the World ...

  9. Asie du sud | Page 27 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Health Inequity in Asia : Strengthening Research Capacity to Deepen the Analysis. Langue English. Read more about Sciences, technologie et innovation au service du développement en Asie : plateforme de mise en commun de l'information et d'apprentissage. Langue French. Read more about STI for ...

  10. Rendement des entreprises en Asie - utilisation de données sur les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    'essor si rapide de ces entreprises à haut rendement. ... de pays à revenu intermédiaire d'Asie à partir de données sur les entreprises et portant sur le rendement des petites entreprises par rapport à celui de grandes unités de production.

  11. Asie du sud | Page 72 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue English. Read more about Asian Partnership for Avian Influenza Research : Effectiveness of Control Measures. Langue English. Read more about Étude du Partenariat de recherche sur l'influenza aviaire en Asie sur l'efficacité des mesures de lutte. Langue French. Read more about Startup : Philippine Community ...

  12. Sexospécificités et gouvernance dans les zones de conflit en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans les régions de l'Asie du Sud aux prises avec des conflits, la participation des femmes à la vie politique est freinée par de nombreux obstacles, dont ... rassemblera des chercheurs, des groupes de femmes, des militantes pour les droits des femmes, des responsables des politiques, des membres des médias, des ...

  13. Understanding the Thermal Stability of Silver Nanoparticles Embedded in a-Si

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gould, Anna L.; Kadkhodazadeh, Shima; Wagner, Jakob Birkedal

    2015-01-01

    The inclusion of silver plasmonic nanoparticles in silicon is highly relevant for photovoltaics as it may enhance optical absorption. We report an investigation of the stability of such pristine silver nanoparticles embedded in a-Si upon heat treatment. We have investigated the morphological...

  14. Asie du sud | Page 197 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Learning from the Field : Innovating China's Higher Education System. Langue French. Les peuples d'Asie traversent une période de transition, alors qu'ils apprennent à vivre avec les nouvelles technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC). Que ce soit au travail, à la maison, à l'école ou ...

  15. Asie du sud | Page 115 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Learning from the Field : Innovating China's Higher Education System. Langue French. Les peuples d'Asie traversent une période de transition, alors qu'ils apprennent à vivre avec les nouvelles technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC). Que ce soit au travail, à la maison, à l'école ou ...

  16. Asie du sud | Page 31 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Seed Alliance). Langue English. Read more about Parer aux menaces en matière de biosécurité provenant de maladies infectieuses à fort potentiel pandémique en Asie du Sud-Est. Langue French. Read more about La transformation ...

  17. Festival "Meretagune asi" kutsub osa saama vendade Tuulikute loomingust / Ivika Laanet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanet, Ivika

    2009-01-01

    Kuressaares toimub Saaremaa Rahvateatri ja Kuressaare Linnateatri poolt korraldatud harrastusteatrite festival "Meretagune asi", mis on pühendatud vendadele Ülo ja Jüri Tuulikule. Festivali raames toimub kuuldemängunädal, teatri- ja kirjanduskonverents ning Jüri Tuuliku näitemängude päev

  18. Promotion de la recherche sur l'entrepreneuriat en Asie du Sud-Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    en Malaisie) assurera la coordination du projet, auquel participeront également la Chambre de commerce et de l'industrie du Vietnam, ... En Asie du Sud, la plupart des travailleurs ont un emploi mal rémunéré n'offrant aucune protection sociale.

  19. Kondisi Fisik, Pengetahuan, Pendidikan, Pekerjaan Ibu, dan Lama Pemberian ASI Secara Penuh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Tahir Abdullah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Berbagai studi dan pengamatan memperlihatkan kecenderungan penurunan pemberian ASI dan berganti dengan susu fomula menjadi kebiasaan umum di dalam masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pola pemberian ASI pada periode 12 bulan umur bayi dan perbedaan pengaruh variabel determinan terhadap lama pemberian ASI secara penuh (ASI secara penuh tanpa makanan lain. Penelitian observasional analitik yang dilaksanakan di dua wilayah kerja puskesmas Kecamatan Tallo Kota Makassar ini menggunakan rancangan studi potong lintang dengan jumlah sampel 300 responden. Analisis multivariat dilakukan dengan metode Cox Proportional Hazard. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proporsi bayi untuk mendapatkan ASI secara penuh pada bulan pertama adalah sekitar 0,86, pada bulan ke 6 menurun sekitar 31%, dan pada periode 5,06 bulan menurun menjadi sekitar 50%. Ada perbedaan lama pemberian ASI secara penuh berdasarkan variabel keadaan fisik ibu, pengetahuan ibu, pendidikan, dan pekerjaan. Hasil analisis lanjut menunjukkan variabel yang berbeda secara nyata dalam hubungan dengan durasi pemberian ASI secara penuh adalah keadaan fisik ibu dan pengetahuan ibu. Various studies and observations indicate declining trend of breastfeeding and replacing breast milk with formula is already a common thing in society. This study aimed to find out the pattern of breastfeeding in infants up to 12 months, and to know the difference effect of the determinant variables of full breastfeeding. This observational research with cross sectional study design that involved 300 respondents was conducted in the Tallo District of Makassar City. Data analysis was performed by univariate, bivariate with Kaplan Meier and multivariate with Cox Proportional Hazard. The results showed that proportion of infants get full breastfeeding in first month was 0.86, infants who still get full breastfeeding on the 6th month are 31%, and half of the number of infants are not get full breastfeeding after 5

  20. PENGETAHUAN GIZI, KELUHAN KESEHATAN, KONDISI PSIKOLOGIS, DAN POLA PEMBERIAN ASI IBU POSTPARTUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armina Puji Utari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to assess nutritional knowledge, health complaints, psychological conditions, and their association with breastfeeding pattern on postpartum mother. A cross sectional study with interview method was conducted in five villages in Dramaga Subdistrict, Bogor District, during the period of April to May 2013. Subjects included in this study were 30 postpartum mothers who met inclusion criteria. Subjects were mothers of 10—40 days old newborn baby and it was not the first childbirth, willing to be subject through informed consent agreement, and was able to communicate. The majority of postpartum mothers had fair nutritional knowledge (60.0%, low health complaints (66.7%, and depression (56.7%. The nutritional knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding tended to correlate with exclusive breastfeeding practice (r=0.126; p=0.508. Meanwhile, lower health complaints tended to correlate with better breastfeeding practices (r=0.063; p=0.74.Keywords: breastfeeding, health complaints, nutritional knowledge, postpartum mother, psychologicalconditionsABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengetahuan gizi, status kesehatan, kondisi psikologis serta kaitannya dengan pola pemberian ASI ibu postpartum. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional study dengan metode wawancara yang dilakukan di lima desa di Kecamatan Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor, pada bulan April hingga Mei 2013. Subjek penelitian adalah 30 ibu postpartum dengan kriteria inklusi, ibu dari bayi berusia 10—40 hari dan bukan persalinan pertama, bersedia menjadi subjek penelitian, dan dapat berkomunikasi dengan baik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar ibu postpartum memiliki tingkat pengetahuan gizi cukup (60%, keluhan kesehatan rendah (66.7% serta mengalami depresi (56.7%. Pengetahuan gizi tentang definisi ASI yang semakin baik pada ibu postpartum cenderung berkorelasi dengan pemberian ASI eksklusif yang baik (r=0.126; p=0.508. Sebaliknya, semakin

  1. Initiatives éducatives pour des économies de réseau en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Initiatives éducatives pour des économies de réseau en Asie (LIRNEasia) : renforcement de la capacité d'élaboration de politiques sur les TIC. On reconnaît habituellement que les services de télécommunications abordables et efficaces jouent un rôle de premier plan dans le développement des pays du Sud. Malgré une ...

  2. Asie du sud | Page 91 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Visit the Charting Change blog · Read more about Determining women's destiny. Langue English. L'Asie du Sud-Est a soutenu une croissance impressionnante et rapide au cours des dernières décennies. Bien que la réussite économique ait réduit la pauvreté, la région est toujours confrontée à des défis importants tels ...

  3. Rapport sur la main-d'oeuvre et l'emploi en Asie du Sud - favoriser ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En Asie du Sud, la plupart des travailleurs ont un emploi mal rémunéré n'offrant aucune protection sociale. Les membres des castes inférieures et les femmes, en particulier, se trouvent aux prises avec la précarité de l'emploi dans le secteur non structuré, l'instabilité des moyens de subsistance et le manque de ...

  4. Consolidation du leadership en recherche en écosanté en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 juin 2016 ... La production agricole est en plein essor en Asie du Sud‑Est. Si ce phénomène est susceptible d'accroître la sécurité alimentaire, la nutrition et les revenus, il a également pour effet d'augmenter les risques de maladie, l'exposition aux produits chimiques et la perte de biodiversité.

  5. Étude du Partenariat de recherche sur l'influenza aviaire en Asie sur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Étude du Partenariat de recherche sur l'influenza aviaire en Asie sur l'efficacité des mesures de lutte. L'influenza aviaire hautement pathogène (H5N1) est une grave maladie qui touche la volaille et contamine les êtres humains dans une faible proportion. L'Organisation mondiale de la santé croit que le virus pourrait subir ...

  6. Initiatives éducatives pour des économies de réseau en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En réalité, il y a plus de gens en Asie du Sud qui n'ont pas accès à Internet ou à la téléphonie que dans le reste du monde, pris globalement. ... The exponential growth of data storage capability coupled with the rise of social media and Internet business applications means that companies and governments now have the ...

  7. Consolidation du leadership en recherche en écosanté en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 avr. 2016 ... Financée par le CRDI, l'Initiative de renforcement du leadership en recherche en écosanté en Asie du Sud‑Est appuie l'exécution, dans la région, de travaux de recherche qui visent à permettre de mieux comprendre les effets de la transformation de l'agriculture sur les écosystèmes et sur la santé humaine ...

  8. Transformer les chaînes de valeur en avantages sociaux en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Dans les pays d'Asie du SudEst, ces ... Agent(e) responsable du CRDI. Bouba Housseini ...

  9. Agents de changement : la philanthropie dans certains pays d'Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 avr. 2016 ... Le contexte de l'élaboration des politiques en Asie du Sud-Est entrave généralement les efforts philanthropiques, car les bailleurs de fonds ne reçoivent pas de reconnaissance, bénéficient de très peu d'incitations fiscales et n'ont pas de services de soutien sur lesquels compter. On ne peut donc pas ...

  10. De meilleurs emplois pour l'Asie | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 mars 2018 ... D'est en ouest, les économies de l'Asie se transforment rapidement, créant des emplois pour une population croissante de jeunes travailleurs. Cependant, qu'en est-il des conditions de travail ? Une recherche financée par le CRDI recueille des données probantes qui démontrent que de meilleures ...

  11. Asie | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... défis agricoles, environnementaux, technologiques, sociaux et économiques de l'Asie. Grâce à nos investissements stratégiques, nous aidons les acteurs régionaux à participer plus efficacement à résolution des problèmes régionaux. Qu'en résulte-t-il ? Des dirigeants régionaux forts, pour aujourd'hui et pour demain.

  12. Charactrization of a Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si photovoltaic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamid Vishkasougheh, Mehdi; Tunaboylu, Bahadir

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • An Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si PV was designed. The system composed of three a-Si panels with an efficiency of 7% and 40 cells of LFP batteries. • Effects of solar radiation and environmental temperature for three cities, Istanbul, Ankara, and Adana, have been investigated on a-Si panels. • Using transition formulas BSPV outputs are predictable for any location out of standard test condition. - Abstract: The number of photovoltaic (PV) system installations is increasing rapidly. As more people learn about this versatile and often cost-effective power option, this trend will accelerate. This document presents a recommended design for a battery based stand-alone photovoltaic system (BSPV). BSPV system has the ability to be applied in different areas, including warning signals, lighting, refrigeration, communication, residential water pumping, remote sensing, and cathodic protection. The presented calculation method gives a proper idea for a system sizing technique. Based on application load, different scenarios are possible for designing a BSPV system. In this study, a battery based stand-alone system was designed. The electricity generation part is three a-Si panels, which are connected in parallel, and for the storage part LFP (lithium iron phosphate) battery was used. The high power LFP battery packs are 40 cells each 8S5P (configured 8 series 5 parallel). Each individual pack weighs 0.5 kg and is 25.6 V. In order to evaluate the efficiency of a-Si panels with respect to the temperature and the solar irradiation, cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Adana in Turkey were selected. Temperature and solar irradiation were gathered from reliable sources and by using translation equations, current and voltage output of panels were calculated. As a result of these calculations, current and energy outputs were computed by considering an average efficient solar irradiation time value per day in Turkey. The calculated power values were inserted to a

  13. Historical series and Near Real Time data analysis produced within ASI-SRV project infrastructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvestri, M.; Musacchio, M.; Buongiorno, M.; Corradini, S.; Lombardo, V.; Merucci, L.; Spinetti, C.; Sansosti, E.; Pugnaghi, S.; Teggi, S.; Vignoli, S.; Amodio, A.; Dini, L.

    2009-12-01

    ASI-Sistema Rischio Vulcanico (SRV) project is devoted to the development of a pre-operative integrated system managing different Earth Observation (EO) and Non EO data to respond to specific needs of the Italian Civil Protection Department (DPC) and improve the monitoring of Italian active volcanoes. The project provides the capability to maintain a repository where the acquired data are stored and generates products offering a support to risk managers during the different volcanic activity phases. All the products are obtained considering technical choices and developments of ASI-SRV based on flexible and scalable modules which take into account also the new coming space sensors and new processing algorithms. An important step of the project development regards the technical and scientific feasibility of the provided products that depends on the data availability, accuracy algorithms and models used in the processing and of course the possibility to validate the results by means of comparison with non-EO independent measurements. The ASI-SRV infrastrucutre is based on a distributed client/server architecture which implies that different processors need to ingest data set characterized by a constant and common structure. ASI-SRV will develop, in its final version, a centralized HW-SW system located at INGV which will control two complete processing chains, one located at INGV for Optical data, and the other located at IREA for SAR data. The produced results will be disseminated through a WEB-GIS interface which will allow the DPC to overview and assimilate the products in a compatible format respect to their local monitoring system in order to have an immediate use of the provided information. In this paper the first results producing ground deformation measurement via Differential Interferometric SAR (DInSAR) techniques by using SAR data and via the application of the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) technique developed at IREA, are reported. Moreover different

  14. [Preliminary validation of the French translation of anxiety sensibility index-revised (ASI-R)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouvard, M; Ayxères-Vighetto, A; Dupont, H; Aupetit, J; Portalier, S; Arrindell, W

    2003-01-01

    Anxiety sensitivity represents a stimulus-outcome expectancy that reflects individual differences in the propensity to experience fear in response to one's arousal-related bodily sensations. It refers to the fear of anxiety-related symptoms that are based on beliefs that such sensations have negative somatic, social or psychological consequences. Anxiety sensitivity occupies an important place in theory and research on panic and related interoceptive fear disorders. Findings from this body of research indicate that this construct may act as a specific vulnerability variable in the development of panic attacks and anxiety symptoms. However, anxiety sensitivity theory also has been applied to understanding mood disorders and chronic pain disorders. Thus, as a psychological construct, anxiety sensitivity holds specific relevance to understanding panic disorders and general relevance for expanding knowledge about negative emotional functioning in other pathologies. All the research on anxiety sensitivity has been completed with the 16-item Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI). The review of the literature using this instrument suggested that anxiety sensitivity has three lower-order factors that all load on a single higher-order factor. The lower-order factors represent Physical-Concerns, Mental Incapacitation Concerns, and Social Concerns, and the higher-order factor represents the global anxiety sensitivity construct (21). Taylor and Cox (22) suggested that this questionnaire was not designed on an a priori basis to measure the identified lower-order factors. The low number of items for the Social and Mental Incapacitation dimensions of the 16-item ASI often leads to relatively lower levels of reliability compared to the third dimension. To address this issue, Taylor and Cox (22) developed an expanded measure of the anxiety sensitivity construct. The 36-item Revised Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI-R) maintains the same format as the 16-item ASI, but expands the number of

  15. Karakteristik dan Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Balita Tidak Mendapat ASI Eksklusif di Dusun Mangir Tengah Desa Sendang Sari Kecamatan Pajangan Bantul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dita Karinda

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Alasan-alasan para ibu menghentikan pemberian ASI-nya, menurut hasil laporan Depkes RI 1990 yaitu ASI tidak keluar 32%, ibu bekerja 28%, pengaruh pemberian susu formula 16%, pengaruh suami dan saudara 24% dan keinginan dianggap modern 4%. Bayi yang tidak diberi ASI secara eksklusif sangat rentan terserang penyakit. Penyakit yang bisa disebabkan karena kegagalan pemberian ASI eksklusif antara lain meningkatkan risiko kematian, infeksi saluran pencernaan (muntah, mencret, infeksi saluran pernapasan, meningkatkan gizi buruk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi tentang karakteristik dan faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi balita yang tidak mendapat ASI eksklusif di Dusun Mangir Tengah Desa Sendang Kecamatan Pajangan Bantul. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan metode penelitian natura1istik kuatitatif. Data-data penelitian dicatat melalui perekaman audio tape, pengambilan foto, catatan lapangan. Subjek penelitian ini adalah ibu-ibu yang memiliki balita yang tidak diberi ASI eksklusif. Pengambilan data menggunakan observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Hasil penelitian status gizi balita yang tidak mendapatkan ASI eksklusif termasuk dalam kategori baik. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan balita yang tidak mendapatkan ASI eksklusif termasuk dalam kategori normal. Faktor- faktor yang memengaruhi balita tidak mendapatkan ASI eksklusif antara lain ASI tidak lancar, kerja pabrik, kuliah, bayi tidak mau minum ASI, payudara bengkak, puting lecet.

  16. Posición de los araucanos en un contexto asiático-europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis, María Antonia

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Según el modelo clásico de poblamiento americano, los amerindios poseen un ancestro básico de tipo mongoloide, con diferenciaciones secundarias originadas por procesos microevolutivos locales. Toda comparación basada en distancias o en componentes funcionales, debería sostener entonces, la hipótesis: "las distribuciones amerindias se aproximan en mayor grado a las de las poblaciones asiáticas y en menor grado a las de las poblaciones europeas". Por componer los araucanos una población típicamente amerindia, debe esperarse que presenten mayor similitud morfológica con grupos asiáticos mongolizados y secundariamente, afinidades con grupos de extracción no mongoloide, dadas estas últimas por procesos evolutivos de adaptación convergente o mestizaje. El objeto del presente trabajo es corroborar el rechazo de dicha hipótesis (Pucciarelli et al.,1999, a través de un conjunto de nuevas comparaciones. Se procedió a medir 17 cráneos araucanos masculinos mediante 46 variables de las propuestas por Howells (1973 y compararlos con muestras de europeos (norse, zalavar, berg, asiáticos (chinos, japoneses, ainu, buriat, coreanos, filipinos y esquimales, cuyos datos fueron extraídos de los archivos proporcionados por Howells (1996. La estadística realizada consistió en análisis canónico, análisis discriminante, y "clusters" jerárquicos, mediante el programa Systat 7.0. Se halló que: (ala elipse de distribución de los araucanos fue casi equidistante respecto de norse y sudjaponeses, siendo la distancia entre éstos menor que la de cada uno de ellos respecto de araucanos; (ben el primer "cluster" con europeos, filipinos, sudjaponeses y ainu, los araucanos se separaron en un "subcluster" aislado y a la mayor distancia, le siguieron los ainu en un segundo "subcluster", mientras que los filipinos ocuparon un tercero, junto con europeos y japoneses; (cen el segundo "cluster", los araucanos se agruparon en forma intermedia entre chinos

  17. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PEMBERIAN MP-ASI PADA BAYI USIA 0-6 BULAN DI BPM NURTILA PALEMBANG

    OpenAIRE

    Rahmalia Afriyani; Shintya Halisa; Hetty Rolina

    2016-01-01

    WHO dan UNICEFmerekomendasikan standar emas pemberian makan pada bayi  yaitu  menyusui bayi secara eksklusif sejak lahir sampai dengan umur 6 bulan didahului dengan Inisiasi Menyusu Dini (IMD) segera setelah lahir, mulai umur 6 bulan berikan Makanan Pendamping ASI (MP-ASI). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah diketahuinya faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian MP-ASI pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan di BPM Nurtila Palembang tahun 2016.Desain penelitian kuantitatif bersifat survei analitik dengan pe...

  18. Valoración de opciones asiáticas con volatilidad estocástica

    OpenAIRE

    Monroy Zapata, Ingrid Constanza

    2013-01-01

    Las opciones asiáticas, son un tipo particular de opción exótica, cuya principal característica es que su precio depende del promedio de los precios del activo subyacente durante la vigencia de la opción. Estas opciones son ampliamente utilizadas en los mercados de divisas. Por otro lado, se tiene que la volatilidad observada en las divisas no es constante en el tiempo. En este trabajo se describe la metodología de valoración de opciones neutral al riesgo y se aplican técnicas de Montecarl...

  19. Augmentation de la production de petits mils en Asie du Sud | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La production de petits mils, en dépit des vertus nutritionnelles de cette céréale, de sa capacité de croître dans des conditions difficiles et de sa facilité de stockage, a toujours été négligée par les politiques agricoles déployées en Asie du Sud. Ces dernières, en effet, ont privilégié les cultures de rente et les céréales comme ...

  20. Transformation de la production avicole en Asie du Sud-Est | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 mai 2016 ... Depuis l'épidémie de grippe aviaire qui a frappé la Chine et l'Asie du Sud-Est au début des années 2000, les politiques gouvernementales visant à réduire le risque de nouvelles flambées ont donné lieu au déménagement de milliers de petits aviculteurs dans des zones de production avicole désignées.

  1. Reflections on receiving the ASIS&T 2016 Award of Merit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingwersen, Peter

    2016-01-01

    At the ASIS&T Annual Meeting in Copenhagen, Peter Ingwersen expressed surprise and gratitude for being honored with the Association’s 2016 Award of Merit. The professor emeritus from Denmark’s Royal School of Library and Information Science thanked peers for recognizing him as a mentor and research......, is too little focused on the effective workings of IR models and contexts, repeatability and negative research results, and is instead constrained by practicalities and pragmatics. Ingwersen expressed pleasure at the acceptance of web redundancy, citing his theory of polyrepresentation and noting...

  2. Barcelona, emporio mediterráneo, atlántico y asiático (?), sucesivamente

    OpenAIRE

    Nadal, Jordi, 1929-

    2015-01-01

    La historia económica de Barcelona presenta dos grandes fases de avance. Una primera vinculada a la Revolución comercial bajomedieval y al comercio mediterráneo, y la segunda ligada a la Revolución Industrial y al comercio atlántico. En los últimos años y siguiendo su tradición, la ciudad se está convirtiendo un emporio asiático gracias a la globalización.

  3. The symmetry energy at suprasaturation density and the ASY-EOS experiment at GSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Filippo E.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI laboratory measured the direct and elliptic flow of neutrons and light charged particles in the reaction 197Au+197 Au at 400 A MeV incident energy. The ratio of elliptic flow of neutrons with respect to that of the light charged particles was used as main experimental observable to probe the density dependence of the symmetry energy term of the nuclear equation of state. Results, obtained by comparison of the experimental data with the UrQMD model predictions, strongly support a moderately soft to linear density dependence of the symmetry energy at suprasaturation densities below 2ρ0.

  4. Boron Concentration Measurements at the I/P Interface in Nip a-Si Solar Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aken, Van; Duchamp, Martial; Boothroyd, Chris

    2011-01-01

    The p-type Si layer in n-i-p a-Si and μc-Si solar cells on foil has several important requirements with respect to conductivity and optical transmission. We control the optical band gap and activation energy of p-a-SiC by varying the B2H6 and CH4 flows in the process chamber. Modelling shows that...... variations in bulk plasmon energy. EELS in the transmission electron microscope (TEM) combines the necessary spatial resolution to investigate the boundary between p-a-SiC and i-a-Si with sufficient sensitivity to the boron content....

  5. Structural and optical properties of a-Si1-xCx:H films synthesized by dc magnetron sputtering technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keffous, Aissa; Cheriet, Abdelhak; Belkacem, Youcef; Gabouze, Noureddine; Boukezzata, Assia; Boukennous, Yacine; Brighet, Amer; Cherfi, Rabah; Kechouane, Mohamed; Guerbous, Lakhdar; Menous, Isa; Menari, Hamid

    2010-01-01

    Hydrogenated amorphous SiC films (a-Si 1-x C x :H) were prepared by dc magnetron sputtering technique on p-type Si(1 0 0) and corning 9075 substrates at low temperature, by using 32 sprigs of silicon carbide (6H-SiC). The deposited a-Si 1-x C x :H film was realized under a mixture of argon and hydrogen gases. The a-Si 1-x C x :H films have been investigated by scanning electronic microscopy equipped with an EDS system (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), secondary ions mass spectrometry (SIMS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-vis-IR spectrophotometry, and photoluminescence (PL). XRD results showed that the deposited film was amorphous with a structure as a-Si 0.80 C 0.20 :H corresponding to 20 at.% carbon. The photoluminescence response of the samples was observed in the visible range at room temperature with two peaks centred at 463 nm (2.68 eV) and 542 nm (2.29 eV). In addition, the dependence of photoluminescence behaviour on film thickness for a certain carbon composition in hydrogenated amorphous SiC films (a-Si 1-x C x :H) has been investigated.

  6. Testing of the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) and Its Electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Robin

    2015-01-01

    Reliable operation of the spark ignition system electronics in the J-2X Augmented Spark Igniter (ASI) is imperative in assuring ASI ignition and subsequent Main Combustion Chamber (MCC) ignition events are reliable in the J-2X Engine. Similar to the man-rated J-2 and RS-25 engines, the J-2X ignition system electronics are equipped with spark monitor outputs intended to indicate that the spark igniters are properly energized and sparking. To better understand anomalous spark monitor data collected on the J-2X development engines at NASA Stennis Space Center (SSC), a comprehensive subsystem study of the engine's low- and high-tension spark ignition system electronics was conducted at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Spark monitor output data were compared to more detailed spark diagnostics to determine if the spark monitor was an accurate indication of actual sparking events. In addition, ignition system electronics data were closely scrutinized for any indication of an electrical discharge in some location other than the firing tip of the spark igniter - a problem not uncommon in the development of high voltage ignition systems.

  7. aSi EPIDs for the in-vivo dosimetry of static and dynamic beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piermattei, A.; Cilla, S.; Azario, L.; Greco, F.; Russo, M.; Grusio, M.; Orlandini, L.; Fidanzio, A.

    2015-10-01

    Portal imaging by amorphous silicon (aSi) photodiode is currently the most applied technology for in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) of static and dynamic radiotherapy beams. The strategy, adopted in this work to perform the IVD procedure by aSi EPID, is based on: in patient reconstruction of the isocenter dose and day to day comparison between 2D-portal images to verify the reproducibility of treatment delivery. About 20.000 tests have been carried out in this last 3 years in 8 radiotherapy centers using the SOFTDISO program. The IVD results show that: (i) the procedure can be implemented for linacs of different manufacturer, (ii) the IVD analysis can be obtained on a computer screen, in quasi real time (about 2 min after the treatment delivery) and (iii) once the causes of the discrepancies were eliminated, all the global IVD tests for single patient were within the acceptance criteria defined by: ±5% for the isocenter dose, and PγFisica Nucleare (INFN) and Università Cattolica del S.Cuore (UCSC).

  8. Inclusion dans la société de l'information en Asie | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Inclusion dans la société de l'information en Asie. Depuis une dizaine d'années, la connectivité électronique connaît une croissance rapide en Asie, autant au sein de la population nantie que chez les groupes défavorisés. En fait, plus de 70 % de la population a accès à un téléphone mobile. L'accès aux services ...

  9. Elefante asiático sometido al turismo: ¿Cuál es el precio por romper su alma?

    OpenAIRE

    García de Lorenzo, Maria; Iglesias Rodríguez, Carmen María

    2016-01-01

    El trabajo expuesto tiene como finalidad conocer el proceso de domesticación del elefante asiático para su uso en el turismo y ocio, así como las consecuencias físicas y etológicas que supone esta práctica sobre el animal. Se centra en el método ancestral utilizado en el sudeste asiático, “khedda”, que “rompe” su alma. Se hace una descripción breve de sus características físicas y su comportamiento para conocerlo un poco mejor

  10. The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schofield, J.T.; Barnes, J.R.; Crisp, D.

    1997-01-01

    The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology (ASI/MET) experiment measured the vertical density, pressure, and temperature structure of the martian atmosphere from the surface to 160 km, and monitored surface meteorology and climate for 83 sols (1 sol = 1 martian day = 24...... nighttime upper atmosphere; atmospheric temperatures that are 10 to 12 degrees kelvin warmer near the surface; light slope-controlled winds; and dust devils, identified by their pressure, wind, and temperature signatures. The results are consistent with the warm, moderately dusty atmosphere seen by VL-1........7 hours). The atmospheric structure and the weather record are similar to those observed by the Viking 1 lander (VL-1) at the same latitude, altitude, and season 21 years ago, but there are differences related to diurnal effects and the surface properties of the landing site. These include a cold...

  11. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: Constraining the symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russotto P.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. In the ASY-EOS experiment at the GSI laboratory, flows of neutrons and light charged particles were measured for 197Au+197Au, 96Zr+96Zr and 96Ru+96Ru collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon with the Large Area Neutron Detector LAND as part of a setup with several additional detection systems used for the event characterization. Flow results obtained for the Au+Au system, in comparison with predictions of the UrQMD transport model, confirm the moderately soft to linear density dependence of the symmetry energy deduced from the earlier FOPI-LAND data.

  12. The ASY-EOS experiment at GSI: investigating symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russotto P.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The elliptic-flow ratio of neutrons with respect to protons or light complex particles in reactions of heavy-ions at pre-relativistic energies has been proposed as an observable sensitive to the strength of the symmetry term of the nuclear equation of state at supra-saturation densities. The results obtained from the existing FOPI/LAND data for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon in comparison with the UrQMD model simulations favoured a moderately soft symmetry term, but suffer from a considerable statistical uncertainty. These results have been confirmed by an independent analysis based on the Tübingen QMD simulations. In order to obtain an improved data set for Au+Au collisions and to extend the study to other systems, a new experiment was carried out at the GSI laboratory by the ASY-EOS collaboration. The present status of the data analysis is reported

  13. Introduction au dossier « L’Asie centrale »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Cariou

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Avec les bouleversements géopolitiques qui affectent le continent asiatique depuis deux décennies l’Asie centrale n’est plus tout à fait cet espace géographique incertain écarté de la communauté internationale, voire même oublié des atlas dont les cartes étaient généralement centrées sur les territoires voisins plus lisibles et médiatiques du Moyen-Orient, de l’Inde, de la Chine ou de la Russie. Constituée par les cinq ex-républiques socialistes soviétiques du Kazakhstan, du Kirghizstan, de l...

  14. Mechanical Robustness of FPA in a-Si Microbolometer with Fine Pitch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hee Yeoun Kim

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Microbolometer array sensors with fine pitch pixel arrays have been implemented using amorphous silicon supported by two contact pads. Simple beam test structures were fabricated and characterized for the purpose of designing a focal plane with geometrical flatness. As the beam length decreased, the effect of beam width on the bending was minimized. Membrane deformation of focal plane in a real pixel showed downward curvature by residual stress of a-Si and Ti layer. The tilting deformation was caused by the misalign effect of contact pad and confirmed by FEA (Finite Element Analysis simulation results. The electro-optical properties of bolometer have been measured to be noise equivalent temperature difference (NETD = 145 mK, temperature Coefficient of Resistance (TCR = −2 %/K, and thermal time constant = 1.99 ms.

  15. Improvement of thick a-Si radiation detectors by field profile tailoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drewery, J.S.; Cho, G.; Jing, T.; Kaplan, S.N.; Mireshghi, A.; Perez-Mendez, V.; Wildermuth, D.

    1992-04-01

    Application of thick (∼50 μm) a-Si p-i-n diodes as a direct radiation detector for minimum ionizing particles is hampered by the need to apply large bias voltages in order fully to deplete the detecting intrinsic layer, which typically contains 5 - 10 x 10 14 ionizable dangling bonds per CM 3 . By insertion of thin p-type layers at intervals within the intrinsic layer, the required depletion voltage can be reduced by a factor of at least 1/(n+l) where n is the number of layers inserted. This principle is demonstrated for devices approximately 12μm in thickness. It is shown that electron losses within the p type layer can be kept to minimum by choice of a low doping concentration for the introduced players

  16. Benefit-cost analysis of addiction treatment: methodological guidelines and empirical application using the DATCAP and ASI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Michael T; Salomé, Helena J; Sindelar, Jody L; McLellan, A Thomas

    2002-04-01

    To provide detailed methodological guidelines for using the Drug Abuse Treatment Cost Analysis Program (DATCAP) and Addiction Severity Index (ASI) in a benefit-cost analysis of addiction treatment. A representative benefit-cost analysis of three outpatient programs was conducted to demonstrate the feasibility and value of the methodological guidelines. Procedures are outlined for using resource use and cost data collected with the DATCAP. Techniques are described for converting outcome measures from the ASI to economic (dollar) benefits of treatment. Finally, principles are advanced for conducting a benefit-cost analysis and a sensitivity analysis of the estimates. The DATCAP was administered at three outpatient drug-free programs in Philadelphia, PA, for 2 consecutive fiscal years (1996 and 1997). The ASI was administered to a sample of 178 treatment clients at treatment entry and at 7-months postadmission. The DATCAP and ASI appear to have significant potential for contributing to an economic evaluation of addiction treatment. The benefit-cost analysis and subsequent sensitivity analysis all showed that total economic benefit was greater than total economic cost at the three outpatient programs, but this representative application is meant to stimulate future economic research rather than justifying treatment per se. This study used previously validated, research-proven instruments and methods to perform a practical benefit-cost analysis of real-world treatment programs. The study demonstrates one way to combine economic and clinical data and offers a methodological foundation for future economic evaluations of addiction treatment.

  17. Kuidas meeldib välismaalastele Eestis [õppida]? / Shazia Javed, Charina de Asis, Adam Luke Vern-Barnett, Predrag Tasevski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid välisüliõpilased: rahvusvahelisi suhteid õppiv Charina de Asis Filipiinidelt, magistriõppes rahvusvahelist õigust õppiv Adam Luke Vern-Barnett Austraaliast, küberkaitset õppiv Predrag Tasevski Makedooniast ja tarkvara arendust õppiv Shazia Javed Pakistanist

  18. Enhanced Crystal Quality of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y for Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Zederbauer

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This work provides a detailed study on the growth of AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y lattice-matched to InAs by Molecular Beam Epitaxy. In order to find the conditions which lead to high crystal quality deep within the miscibility gap, AlxIn1-xAsySb1-y with x = 0.462 was grown at different growth temperatures as well as As2 and Sb2 beam equivalent pressures. The crystal quality of the grown layers was examined by high-resolution X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. It was found that the incorporation of Sb into Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y is strongly temperature-dependent and reduced growth temperatures are necessary in order to achieve significant Sb mole fractions in the grown layers. At 480 ∘ C lattice matching to InAs could not be achieved. At 410 ∘ C lattice matching was possible and high quality films of Al0.462In0.538AsySb1-y were obtained.

  19. ASI/CGS products and services in support of GNSS-meteorology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacione, Rosa; Pace, Brigida; Bianco, Giuseppe

    2013-04-01

    For more than a decade, ASI/CGS has supported ground-based GNSS meteorology in Europe participating in various projects such as MAGIC, COST-716, TOUGH, E-GVAP (phase I and II) and providing Zenith Tropospheric path Delays (ZTD) derived from a European network of GNSS stations covering mainly the central Mediterranean area. Working in close cooperation with the meteorological community, GNSS data are analyzed in order to provide ZTD with different latencies ranging from post-processing, useful for climate studies, to near-real time, for hourly assimilation into Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model. However advancements in NWP models (such as the Met Office UKV 1.5km model) with rapid update cycles require observations with improved timeliness and with greater spatial and temporal resolution than is currently available. To fulfil this requirement a sub-hourly PPP processing has been set-up, and is under evaluation, thanks to the availability of the IGS RT orbit and clock corrections. Moreover ZTD estimates are the input data for developing new and enhanced products: ZTD residuals fields and Integrated Water Vapour (IWV) maps. The former will be helpful in augmenting empirical tropospheric models for positioning applications. The latter are useful for nowcasting and severe weather monitoring since they let to follow IWV time evolution. We present an overview of the developed products and services; the new directions in support of NWP applications and the nowcasting and forecasting of severe weather events that emerge within E-GVAP phase III and the EU COST Action "Advanced Global Navigation Satellite Systems tropospheric products for monitoring Severe Weather Events and Climate" (GNSS4SWEC). Acknowledgements. This work has been carried out under ASI contract I-014-10-0.

  20. METODE SPEOS (STIMULASI PIJAT ENDORPHIN, OKSITOSIN DAN SUGESTIF DAPAT MENINGKATKAN PRODUKSI ASI DAN PENINGKATAN BERAT BADAN BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    diah eka nugraheni

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Target pencapaian ASI eksklusif  masih Rendah  yaitu  33,6% (SDKI 2010. ASI eksklusif dimaksudkan untuk menjamin pemenuhan hak bayi untuk 6 bulan dengan memperhatikan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan, sehingga setiap ibu akan memberikan ASI eksklusif kepada bayi (PP no.23, 2012, masalah ASI  tidak keluar di hari pertama kelahiran harus diantisipasi sejak kehamilan melalui konseling laktasi, tetapi penyebaran informasi di antara petugas belum dioptimalkan sehingga perlu dilakukan  alternatif cara merangsang produksi susu (Wiwin W, 2014. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui metode SPEOS (Pijat endorphin, oksitosin dan sugestif untuk meningkatkan produksi susu dan berat badan bayi. Desain penelitian ini digunakan Percobaan Quasi dengan sampel ibu nifas primipara diberi metode intervensi SPEOS pada hari postpartum pertama mulai 1-6 jam sampai minggu keempat, produksi ASI diukur sebelum dan setelah intervensi untuk melihat produksi susu dan peningkatan berat badan bayi. Data dianalisis univariat analisis dan analisis Wilcoxon uji bivariat dan analisis multivariat untuk mengontrol faktor pembaur dengan analisis ANCOVA. Hasil menunjukkan efek metode SPEOS rata-rata produksi susu dari 131,87 (p=0,00 dan peningkatan bayi rata-rata berat 483,30 g (p 0,00, umur dan makanan yang dikonsumsi oleh ibu selama studi (gizi ibu tidak mempengaruhi produksi susu, sedangkan efek IMD pada produksi susu dengan 0,389 r persegi (p 0,04. Kesimpulan: metode SPEOS berpengaruh pada produksi susu dan peningkatan berat badan bayi pada ibu nifas di Kota Bengkulu di BPM, 2016.Diharapkan semua petugas kesehatan yang memberikan bayi untuk dapat menggunakan metode sebagai prosedur standar dalam SPEOS merangsang produksi susu untuk meningkatkan target pemberian ASI eksklusif.

  1. Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu dan Pemberian Makanan Pendamping Asi pada Anak Usia 6-24 Bulan di Kelurahan Kuto Batu Kota Palembang

    OpenAIRE

    Nurmaliani, Rizki; Febry, Fatmalina; Mutahar, Rini

    2010-01-01

    Background : Complementary feeding (MP-ASI) has an important role in meeting the needs and complement the nutrients children aged 6-24 months because breast milk could not meet the nutritional needs to achieve optimal growth. Low knowledge about provision of MP-ASI and the provision of MP-ASI that done uncorrectly can cause nutritional problems such as disruption of growth and development and less nutrition. The purpose of this research was to determine the mother's knowledge level and the g...

  2. High efficiency thin film CdTe and a-Si based solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G.

    2000-01-04

    This report describes work done by the University of Toledo during the first year of this subcontract. During this time, the CdTe group constructed a second dual magnetron sputter deposition facility; optimized reactive sputtering for ZnTe:N films to achieve 10 ohm-cm resistivity and {approximately}9% efficiency cells with a copper-free ZnTe:N/Ni contact; identified Cu-related photoluminescence features and studied their correlation with cell performance including their dependence on temperature and E-fields; studied band-tail absorption in CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1{minus}x} films at 10 K and 300 K; collaborated with the National CdTe PV Team on (1) studies of high-resistivity tin oxide (HRT) layers from ITN Energy Systems, (2) fabrication of cells on the HRT layers with 0, 300, and 800-nm CdS, and (3) preparation of ZnTe:N-based contacts on First Solar materials for stress testing; and collaborated with Brooklyn College for ellipsometry studies of CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1{minus}x} alloy films, and with the University of Buffalo/Brookhaven NSLS for synchrotron X-ray fluorescence studies of interdiffusion in CdS/CdTe bilayers. The a-Si group established a baseline for fabricating a-Si-based solar cells with single, tandem, and triple-junction structures; fabricated a-Si/a-SiGe/a-SiGe triple-junction solar cells with an initial efficiency of 9.7% during the second quarter, and 10.6% during the fourth quarter (after 1166 hours of light-soaking under 1-sun light intensity at 50 C, the 10.6% solar cells stabilized at about 9%); fabricated wide-bandgap a-Si top cells, the highest Voc achieved for the single-junction top cell was 1.02 V, and top cells with high FF (up to 74%) were fabricated routinely; fabricated high-quality narrow-bandgap a-SiGe solar cells with 8.3% efficiency; found that bandgap-graded buffer layers improve the performance (Voc and FF) of the narrow-bandgap a-SiGe bottom cells; and found that a small amount of oxygen partial pressure ({approximately}2 {times} 10

  3. Charactrization of a Li-ion battery based stand-alone a-Si photovoltaic system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamid Vishkasougheh, Mehdi; Tunaboylu, Bahadir

    2014-11-01

    The number of photovoltaic (PV) system installations is increasing rapidly. As more people learn about this versatile and often cost-effective power option, this trend will accelerate. This document presents a recommended design for a battery based stand-alone photovoltaic system (BSPV). BSPV system has the ability to be applied in different areas, including warning signals, lighting, refrigeration, communication, residential water pumping, remote sensing, and cathodic protection. The presented calculation method gives a proper idea for a system sizing technique. Based on application load, different scenarios are possible for designing a BSPV system. In this study, a battery based stand-alone system was designed. The electricity generation part is three a-Si panels, which are connected in parallel, and for the storage part LFP (lithium iron phosphate) battery was used. The high power LFP battery packs are 40 cells each 8S5P (configured 8 series 5 parallel). Each individual pack weighs 0.5 kg and is 25.6 V. In order to evaluate the efficiency of a-Si panels with respect to the temperature and the solar irradiation, cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Adana in Turkey were selected. Temperature and solar irradiation were gathered from reliable sources and by using translation equations, current and voltage output of panels were calculated. As a result of these calculations, current and energy outputs were computed by considering an average efficient solar irradiation time value per day in Turkey. The calculated power values were inserted to a battery cycler system, and the behavior of high power LFP batteries in a time sequence of 7.2 h was evaluated. The charging and discharging cycles were obtained and their behavior was discussed. According to the results, Istanbul has the lowest number of peak month's energy, it followed by Ankara, and ultimately Adana has the highest number of peak months and energy storage. It was observed during the tests that values up to 4 A was

  4. Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gédéon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais se livre à une analyse précise de la situation en Asie du sud-est au regard de la crise économique qui a secoué cette région du monde en 1997 et de ses conséquences. Soulignant la fragmentation de cet espace politique, caractérisé par sa très grande diversité culturelle et linguistique, l’auteur rappelle qu’il s’est édifié sur l’ancienne ligne de fracture entre monde chinois et puissances européennes, tout d’abord, puis...

  5. Conflitos Cibernéticos: um overview sobre a participação asiática recente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Cesar Cunha Leite

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available No pós Guerra Fria, os países asiáticos adotaram os investimentos em tecnologia da informação como uma estratégia de rompimento com o atraso e, simultaneamente, de defesa. O presente artigo procura apresentar alguns dos conflitos cibernéticos relevantes e recentes e apresentar um overview a respeito da participação asiática no desenvolvimento tecnológico e cibernético. In the post Cold War, the Asian countries have introduced investments in information technology as a strategy to breakup with the delay and simultaneously defense issue. This article seeks to present some of the relevant and recent cyber conflicts and provide an overview about the Asian participation in cyber and technological development.

  6. Temporal changes of land use in Asi river delta (Hatay, Southern Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkmaz, Hüseyin; Cetin, Bayram; Kuscu, Veysel; Ege, Ismail; Bom, Ahmet; Ozsahin, Emre; Karatas, Atilla

    2012-04-01

    Increasing non-ecological land use necessitates more efficient using and utilization of land by man. Therefore, in recent years studies on sustainable land use have gained momentum. In this study, temporal change in land use, mainly between years 1940 and 2010, in Asi river delta on Southern Turkey was covered. To this end, in addition to literature, topographical maps and satellite images from year 1940 and after were used. Also, data were collected through field studies and interviews. Collected data were evaluated from geographical viewpoint using Geographical information system (GIS) and Remote sensing (RS) methods. Unplanned settlement in delta has reached levels high enough to threaten agricultural fields. Especially, greattendencyshown by Samandag city and the villages around it towards expanding into delta is an indicatorof this threat In additon, uncontrolled sand mining and touristic facilities on the coastline are also indicators of wrong land use. In future, direction of settlement to slopes around the delta rather than lowlands will be a much more ecological approach.

  7. Accelerating Our Understanding of Supernova Explosion Mechanism via Simulations and Visualizations with GenASiS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budiardja, R. D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Cardall, Christian Y [ORNL; Endeve, Eirik [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    Core-collapse supernovae are among the most powerful explosions in the Universe, releasing about 1053 erg of energy on timescales of a few tens of seconds. These explosion events are also responsible for the production and dissemination of most of the heavy elements, making life as we know it possible. Yet exactly how they work is still unresolved. One reason for this is the sheer complexity and cost of a self-consistent, multi-physics, and multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulation, which is impractical, and often impossible, even on the largest supercomputers we have available today. To advance our understanding we instead must often use simplified models, teasing out the most important ingredients for successful explosions, while helping us to interpret results from higher fidelity multi-physics models. In this paper we investigate the role of instabilities in the core-collapse supernova environment. We present here simulation and visualization results produced by our code GenASiS.

  8. PENGARUH PIJAT OKSITOSIN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI ASI IBU MENYUSUI DI PUSKESMAS PLUS MANDIANGIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mera Delima

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is based on interviews conducted with 3 breastfeeding mothers and the amount of milk her breast is little caused crying baby and mother's milk punting blisters. Meanwhile, two other women told her normal milk production. The mother said the lack of information that were made of treatments to improve the production of breast milk (ASI and they do not know about  massage oxytocin to help increase milk production. This study aimed to observe the effect of oxytocin massage to increase milk production of breastfeeding mother in Plus Mandiangin Public Health Center Bukittinggi 2016. The study design using quasi experimental method, with the approach of one group pretest and posttest. Retrieving data using a questionnaire containing questions regarding milk production mother lactating. The research sample is 21 people who were in Plus Mandiangin Public Health Center Bukittinggi. In this study showed that there is a massage effect of oxytocin to increase milk production of breastfeeding mother in  Plus Mandiangin Public Health Center Bukittinggi 2016 with a p-value of 0.000. It was concluded that there is a massage effect of oxytocin to increase milk production of breastfeeding mother in Plus Mandiangin Public Health Center Bukittinggi 2016. It is expected that this study can be used as a therapy to increase milk production of breastfeeding mothers.

  9. KAJIAN NILAI BIOLOGIS DAN TOTAL BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT DARI MP-ASI BERBAHAN BAKU JAGUNG FERMENTASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayu Kusuma Wardhani

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to study the effect of tempeh yeast concentration and the lenght of  corn fermentation on   the biological value (BV and NPU of complementary feeding with fermented corn. A factorial e xperiment was arranged in  a Completely Randomized Design (RAL  and replicated four times. The factors studied were yeast concentration (2% and 3% and the length of fermentation (48 and 72 h. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and further tested using LSD at 5% level of signification .  The value of  pH and total lactic acid bacteria were peported as means of six replications. The best treatment was found on tempeh yeast treatment  at concentration of 2% , fermented for 72 hour (K1L2 with  the biological value, NPU, pH and total LAB were   88,58% ,  67,69%, 3.07 , and  8.84 cfu/g. Keywords:   complementary  infant food (MP-ASI, fermented corn flour, soybean tempeh flour

  10. Protection de la vie privée dans un monde numérique en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 juin 2016 ... A New Dawn: Privacy in Asia. Ahmed T Rashid. Des travaux de recherche financés par le CRDI montrent que, tandis que le nombre d'internautes augmente en Asie, la protection de la vie privée à l'heure du numérique est de plus en plus considérée comme un droit politique et un droit fondamental du ...

  11. Réduction des pertes de mangues après la récolte en Asie du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 avr. 2016 ... La réduction des pertes post-récolte dans la mangue en Asie du Sud. En Inde, les chercheurs vaporisent de l'hexanal sur les mangues tandis qu'elles sont encore sur l'arbre pour obtenir des récoltes plus abondantes. Près de 70 % de la production mondiale de mangues provient de l'Inde, mais les pertes ...

  12. Faire progresser la théorie et la pratique de l'évaluation en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet de la Community of Evaluators (CoE) fera fond sur des travaux financés par le CRDI pour améliorer et étoffer la théorie et la pratique de l'évaluation en Asie du Sud. Il consolidera et étendra les progrès accomplis par des évaluateurs professionnels de l'Afghanistan, du Bangladesh, du Népal, de l'Inde, ...

  13. Portal Asiático de Información: un servicio transcontinental de intercambio de artículos

    OpenAIRE

    Martha E. Mantilla

    2011-01-01

    El Portal Asiático de Información de la Universidad de Pittsburgh es un innovador servicio de cooperación entre bibliotecas de Estados Unidos y bibliotecas de la China, Japón, y Corea, que facilita el acceso rápido a artículos publicados en revistas académicas, utilizando tecnología de bajo costo.

  14. Réforme de la gouvernance du secteur de la sécurité en Asie du Sud

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En Asie du Sud, le discours sur la sécurité a généralement eu cours dans les milieux gouvernementaux sans que les voix de la société civile s'y fassent entendre. Le fait que la communauté internationale réclame l'exercice d'une bonne gouvernance est en train toutefois d'inverser cette situation et la société civile joue ...

  15. AS-i Steri tehas alustab tööd juba lähipäevil / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Keskkonnaminister Jaanus Tamkivi andis AS-ile Steri kiirgustegevusloa. Samas otsustas minister edasi kaevata AS Steri omanike kasuks tehtud Tallinna halduskohtu otsuse. Lisa: Steriliseerimine AS-i Steri tehases

  16. Analyses of phenotype and ARGOS and ASY1 expression in a ploidy Chinese cabbage series derived from one haploid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Ai Xia; Zhao, Jian Jun; Li, Li Min; Wang, Yan Hua; Zhao, Yu Jing; Hua, Fan; Xu, Yuan Chao; Shen, Shu Xing

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this research was to improve our understanding of how ploidy level influences phenotype and gene expression in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis). Haploid plants (2n = 10) was induced by 0.2% colchicine to produce diploid (2n = 20) and tetraploid plants (2n = 40). The aneuploid (2n = 24) was also obtained by hybridization between diploid plants as the female and tetraploid plants. The ploidy levels of all plants were identified through chromosome counts and flow cytometry. Leaves and petals became larger as the ploidy level increased from haploid to diploid, and from aneuploid to tetraploid. Similarly, expression of ARGOS was regulated by genome size, increasing in parallel with the level of ploidy. Among the four ploidy types, expression was stronger in the floral buds than in the leaves. Expression by ASY1 also differed according to ploidy level, being highest in diploid plants, followed in order by tetraploids. Expression was similar between haploids and aneuploids at two stages-prior to and after meiosis-but was higher in the haploids during meiosis. When buds were compared within the same ploidy type at different stages, ASY1 expression was obviously higher during meiosis than either before or after. Our study demonstrated the generation and phenotype of a ploidy Chinese cabbage series derived from one haploid. Expression of genes ARGOS and ASY1 were modulated by genome size in this ploidy series, and the regulated patterns of the two genes was different.

  17. Valuación de opciones asiáticas versus opciones europeas con tasa de interés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambrosio Ortiz Ramírez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone una metodología para obtener el precio de una opción asiática con subyacente promedio mediante simulación Monte Carlo. Se supone que la tasa de interés es conducida por un proceso de reversión a la media de tipo Vasicek y CIR con parámetros calibrados por máxima verosimilitud. La simulación incluye el remuestreo cuadrático, el cual reduce el uso de recursos computacionales; en particular, el método mejora la generación de la matriz de varianza-covarianza. La metodología propuesta se aplica en la valuación de opciones sobre el precio de AMXL. Los resultados muestran que al comparar los precios de opciones europeas —tanto simulados como con los publicados por MexDer— con sus contrapartes asiáticas, los precios de opciones asiáticas son menores en el caso de opciones de compra y de venta dentro del dinero. P ara opciones de venta, los precios simulados fueron menores en todos los casos. Asimismo se encontró que la diferencia se incrementa conforme el plazo al vencimiento de la opción aumenta.

  18. Repertorio bibliogr??fico, an??lisis bibliom??trico y sociocultural de las monograf??as sobre artes marciales asi??ticas publicadas en Espa??a

    OpenAIRE

    P??rez Guti??rrez, Mikel

    2013-01-01

    457 p. La presente tesis doctoral tiene como objetivo estudiar las monograf??as de artes marciales asi??ticas publicadas en Espa??a hasta el a??o 2009. Concretamente, en ella se pretende: a) elaborar un repertorio bibliogr??fico anotado sobre las monograf??as de artes marciales asi??ticas publicadas en Espa??a; y b) desarrollar un an??lisis bibliom??trico y sociocultural de estas monograf??as

  19. Espaçamento entre linhas e severidade da ferrugem-asiática da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Dinnys Roese

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, a cultura da soja é tradicionalmente semeada em linhas espaçadas de 45 cm a 50 cm. Alterações nesse espaçamento podem mudar o micro clima e a eficiência de aplicação de fungicidas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a influência de diferentes espaçamentos na severidade da ferrugem-asiática e na produtividade das cultivares de soja BRS 256 RR, BRS 246 RR e BRS 318 RR, respectivamente nas safras 2007/2008, 2009/2010 e 2010/2011. Foram avaliados quatro espaçamentos entre linhas (35, 45, 55 e 65 cm, com e sem aplicação de fungicida na parte aérea das plantas. Confirmou-se a eficiência do fungicida no controle da doença nas três safras e observou-se que o espaçamento entre linhas não foi significativo para nenhuma variável avaliada na primeira safra do experimento, quando a doença iniciou antes do florescimento. Na segunda e terceira safras, quando a doença iniciou no florescimento pleno e a severidade final foi menor que na primeira safra, o espaçamento entre linhas influenciou a produtividade nas parcelas sem fungicida da cultivar BRS 246 RR (na segunda safra e a severidade da doença na cultivar BRS 318 RR (na terceira safra.

  20. A novel method to achieve selective emitter for silicon solar cell using low cost pattern-able a-Si thin films as the semi-transparent phosphorus diffusion barrier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, Da Ming; Liang, Zong Cun; Zhuang, Lin; Lin, Yang Huan; Shen, Hui

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► a-Si thin films as semitransparent phosphorus diffusion barriers for solar cell. ► a-Si thin films on silicon wafers were patterned by the alkaline solution. ► Selective emitter was formed with patterned a-Si as diffusion barrier for solar cell. -- Abstract: Selective emitter for silicon solar cell was realized by employing a-Si thin films as the semi-transparent diffusion barrier. The a-Si thin films with various thicknesses (∼10–40 nm) were deposited by the electron-beam evaporation technique. Emitters with sheet resistances from 37 to 145 Ω/□ were obtained via POCl 3 diffusion process. The thickness of the a-Si diffusion barrier was optimized to be 15 nm for selective emitter in our work. Homemade mask which can dissolve in ethanol was screen-printed on a-Si film to make pattern. The a-Si film was then patterned in KOH solution to form finger-like design. Selective emitter was obtainable with one-step diffusion with patterned a-Si film on. Combinations of sheet resistances for the high-/low-level doped regions of 39.8/112.1, 36.2/88.8, 35.4/73.9 were obtained. These combinations are suitable for screen-printed solar cells. This preparation method of selective emitter based on a-Si diffusion barrier is a promising approach for low cost industrial manufacturing.

  1. Verification of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J as a Treatment-Customization, Prediction, and Comparison Tool for Alcohol-Dependent Individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susumu Higuchi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To demonstrate the usefulness of the Addiction Severity Index Japanese Version (ASI-J in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals. The ASI is a frequently used clinical and research instrument that measures severities in seven functional domains in people with substance abuse disorders. Methods: A total of 370 male inpatients with a history of alcohol dependence participated in the study. Forty-nine participants were excluded in the final analysis due to lack of reliability (i.e., patient misrepresentation or inability to understand. We used the ASI-J and a series of indexes that determined patient states during and post-treatment. Results: The correlations between ASI Composite Scores (CSs, which were calculated through a weighted formula and indicated the severity of each problem area, were significant but low in eight relations and not significant in 13 relations, indicating substantial independence of the problem areas. Significant differences were found in Family/Social CSs between abstinent and relapsed alcohol-dependent individuals. The questions of undesirable attitude were significantly related to the CSs of Employment, Drug use, Family/Social, and Psychiatric sections. Significant differences were observed in patient demographics, CS, and ASI Severity Rating (SR and interviewer’s subjective scoring between alcohol-dependent individuals and drug abusers. CSs in Japanese alcohol-dependent individuals were generally similar to corresponding CSs in individuals from other countries, with the exception of The Netherlands. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the ASI-J is useful for understanding individual profiles of problems for each patient and planning customized treatment. The ASI-J served as a predictive tool for relapse and compliance to treatment afterward and was shown to be useful as a comparison tool in clarifying similarities and differences between substance abuser groups.

  2. Hepatotoxicity associated with the ingestion of Centella asiatica Hepatotoxicidad asociada al consumo de Centella asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Jorge

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: hepatotoxicity due to herbal remedies is being increasingly recognized. Centella asiatica (Centella asiatica Linn Urban is commercialized for multiple conditions. Its active principles are pentacyclic triterpenic saponosides (asiaticoside, madecassoside. Clinical case studies: we present three women (61, 52 and 49 years old who developed jaundice after taking Centella asiatica for 30, 20 and 60 days. Respective laboratory tests: ALT: 1193, 1694 and 324 U/L; ALP: 503, 472 and 484 U/L; bilirubin: 4.23, 19.89 and 3.9 mg/dl. The first patient also had ASMA 1/160 and AMA 1/320. Respective pathological diagnoses: granulomatous hepatitis with marked necrosis and apoptosis; chronic hepatitis with cirrhotic transformation and intense necroinflammatory activity, and granulomatous hepatitis. All patients improved with Centella asiatica discontinuation, and ursodeoxycholic acid 10 mg/kg/day. The first patient took Centella asiatica again, with recurrence of the damage. The second one had taken this herb a year before. Conclusions: many plants synthesize hepatotoxic compounds. Germander, Skullcap and Glycyrrhizin contain di- or triterpenic active principles, which can produce hepatic injury by promoting apoptosis and altering cell membranes. We hypothesize that these mechanisms may have resulted in injuries associated with Centella asiatica. The presence of autoantibodies and granulomas also favors an immune-mediated mechanism. Ursodeoxycholic acid has anti-apoptotic properties, but we cannot rule out that Centella asiatica discontinuation alone may have resulted in patient improvement.Introducción: la hepatotoxicidad por hierbas medicinales es reconocida cada vez más frecuentemente. Centella asiática (Centella asiatica Linn Urban es comercializada para múltiples afecciones. Sus principios activos son saponósidos pentacíclicos triterpénicos (asiaticósido, madecasósido. Casos clínicos: presentamos 3 mujeres (61, 52 y 49 años que

  3. La crisis asiática: sus impactos regionales, globales y en américa latina.

    OpenAIRE

    Estay Reyno, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    En el presente artículo, haremos un breve recuento de algunos de los procesos y de los debates que han estado vinculados a la crisis asiática, centrando la atención en los efectos de dicha crisis sobre las economías del Este de Asia y sobre el conjunto de la economía mundial, para terminar revisando su impacto presente y previsible en las economías latinoamericanas y algunas de las interrogantes que de todo ello se desprenden.

  4. EVALUASI PENGELOLAAN MP-ASI LOKAL DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN BERAT BADAN DAN STATUS GIZI BALITA USIA 6-24 BULAN DI PUSKESMAS PURWOKERTO SELATAN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endo Dardjito

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Evaluation of Management MP-ASI Local and The Influence Towards Body Heavy Enchanced and Children Under Five Nutrient Status Age 6-24 Months In Banyumas Regency.Background: Nutrient problem besides problem sindroma tight poverty with also concern behaviour change problem less support in alive pattern wells. In baby and child, nutrient deficit will evoke growth disturbance and development when not be overcome according to early continue up to adult. MP-ASI that given should made from cheap food stuff and easy goat local region. The wacthfullness aims to detect about management MP-ASI local and the influence toward age child body heavy enchanced 6 - 24 months.Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the local MP-ASI management and effect on growth of children aged 6 to 24 months in the Health Center of South Purwokerto, Banyumas.Methods: Study design is cohort retrospective. Total samples are 35 children under two years old (6-24 months at Community Health Centre South Purwokerto. Samples has get local supplementary feeding (MP-ASI in 2007. Data collected was socio economic household, weight of children and supplementary feeding management by interview with mother and report from Community Health Centre. Data analysis is descriptive. Nutritional status is base on Z score WHO-NCHS.Results: The local supplementary feeding (MP-ASI local that given disagrees with guides from Health Department. A large of samples (42.9% has given raw food stuff, 11.4% has give money and others 45.7%. There influence used MP-ASI local with body heavy enchanced especially 1 in 2 and 3 and the gift influence MP ASI local towards nutrient status enchanced especially in to 3, although low the connection with value p 0.032 and association value 0.289.Conclusions: Alternative nutrient problem in family necessary with approach multisector among others well being sector, industrial, agricultures and others. Necessary family enableness movement existence so that can increase

  5. A computer adaptive testing version of the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV): The Addiction Severity CAT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Stephen F; Black, Ryan A; McCaffrey, Stacey A; Ainscough, Jessica; Doucette, Ann M

    2017-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a computer adaptive testing (CAT) version of the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV), the Addiction Severity CAT. This goal was accomplished in 4 steps. First, new candidate items for Addiction Severity CAT domains were evaluated after brainstorming sessions with experts in substance abuse treatment. Next, this new item bank was psychometrically evaluated on a large nonclinical (n = 4,419) and substance abuse treatment (n = 845) sample. Based on these results, final items were selected and calibrated for the creation of the Addiction Severity CAT algorithms. Once the algorithms were developed for the entire assessment, a fully functioning prototype of an Addiction Severity CAT was created. CAT simulations were conducted, and optimal termination criteria were selected for the Addiction Severity CAT algorithms. Finally, construct validity of the CAT algorithms was evaluated by examining convergent and discriminant validity and sensitivity to change. The Addiction Severity CAT was determined to be valid, sensitive to change, and reliable. Further, the Addiction Severity CAT's time of completion was found to be significantly less than the average time of completion for the ASI-MV composite scores. This study represents the initial validation of an Addiction Severity CAT based on item response theory, and further exploration of the Addiction Severity CAT is needed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  6. ¿Influyen los tigres asiáticos en el comportamiento gregario español?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natividad Blasco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo intenta ahondar en el fenómeno imitador (herding durante la crisis asiática de 1997. Para ello se emplea una medida de la intensidad de herding exenta del sesgo presente en otras medidas y se utiliza datos intradiarios. Los resultados que se obtiene dejan entrever que el efecto de la crisis no afectó de manera homogénea la conducta imitadora en todos los activos del mercado, destacando como activos en los que la crisis se nota más y durante más tiempo las acciones que poseen opción durante el periodo analizado. Un análisis adicional por sectores pone de manifiesto que el sector financiero y el energético son los más afectados en su herding ordinario en momentos de crisis.

  7. Image-quality performance of an a-Si H-based X-ray imaging system for digital mammography

    CERN Document Server

    Darambara, D G; Speller, R D

    2002-01-01

    We have been investigating the potential of large area active matrix flat-panel a-Si : H imaging arrays for full-field digital X-ray mammography. To optimise the overall performance of such an imaging system under mammographic conditions, four different Gd sub 2 O sub 2 S : Tb phosphor screens (i.e. Lanex Fast-Back, Regular, Fine and MinR-2000) were employed and our full-field detector was integrated with the Feinfocus DIMA (Direct Magnification) PLUS MII mammographic unit. The spatial resolution and the image noise of the digital detector were measured and the X-ray imaging performance of the whole system was also evaluated with two mammographic phantoms. It was deduced from the results of this study that Regular screen offers the best compromise between sensitivity and spatial resolution and exhibits better overall image-quality performance than that of a conventional mammography system.

  8. La santé : miroir des sociétés d'Asie du Sud-Est

    OpenAIRE

    Baffie, Jean; Baffie, Jean; Baffie, Jean; Bertrand, Didier; Blanc, Marie-Ève; Bourdier, Frédéric; Bureau, Ève; Chauvet, Claire; Coderey, Céline; Collomb, Natacha; Dumas, Céline; Faurand-Tournaire, Anne-Laure; Guillou, Anne Yvonne; Hancart-Petitet, Pascale; Humeau, Julie

    2012-01-01

    Ce numéro thématique est consacré à la santé en Asie du Sud-Est. A travers 9 articles originaux et 3 notes de recherche, il présente la pluralité de l’offre thérapeutique et la diversité des pratiques de soin et de santé, spécifiques ou non, à cette partie du monde. Les dimensions culturelles et sociales des maladies et des épidémies y sont développées dans une approche comparative. La santé et la maladie sont considérées dans la diversité de leurs interprétations, de leurs prises en charge, ...

  9. Histoire de l'Asie Antérieure, de l'Inde et de la Crète

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Maurer Junior

    1950-12-01

    Full Text Available Hrozny (Bedrich - Histoire de l'Asie Antérieure, de l'Inde et de la Crète. Payot. Paris, 1947. 350 páginas. (Primeiro Parágrafo do Artigo O livro acima, escrito por um dos mais eminentes orientalistas da atualidade, já famoso por ter, realizado a primeira decifração definitiva da lingua hitita - realizada durante a guerra européia de 1914 a 1918, compreende um estudo sucinto, mas profundo e competente, das grandes civilizações pre-helênicas da antiguidade, com exceção da egípcia, à qual se encontram apenas ligeiras referências.

  10. Head CT: Image quality improvement of posterior fossa and radiation dose reduction with ASiR - comparative studies of CT head examinations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzinski, Maciej; Waszczuk, Lukasz; Sasiadek, Marek J. [Wroclaw Medical University, Department of General Radiology, Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Wroclaw (Poland)

    2016-10-15

    To evaluate head CT protocol developed to improve visibility of the brainstem and cerebellum, lower bone-related artefacts in the posterior fossa and maintain patient radioprotection. A paired comparison of head CT performed without Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASiR) and a clinically indicated follow-up with 40 % ASiR was acquired in one group of 55 patients. Patients were scanned in the axial mode with different scanner settings for the brain and the posterior fossa. Objective image quality analysis was performed with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Subjective image quality analysis was based on brain structure visibility and evaluation of the artefacts. We achieved 19 % reduction of total DLP and significantly better image quality of posterior fossa structures. SNR for white and grey matter in the cerebellum were 34 % to 36 % higher, respectively, CNR was improved by 142 % and subjective analyses were better for images with ASiR. When imaging parameters are set independently for the brain and the posterior fossa imaging, ASiR has a great potential to improve CT performance: image quality of the brainstem and cerebellum is improved, and radiation dose for the brain as well as total radiation dose are reduced. (orig.)

  11. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PEMBERIAN MP-ASI PADA BAYI USIA 0-6 BULAN DI BPM NURTILA PALEMBANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmalia Afriyani

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available WHO dan UNICEFmerekomendasikan standar emas pemberian makan pada bayi  yaitu  menyusui bayi secara eksklusif sejak lahir sampai dengan umur 6 bulan didahului dengan Inisiasi Menyusu Dini (IMD segera setelah lahir, mulai umur 6 bulan berikan Makanan Pendamping ASI (MP-ASI. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah diketahuinya faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian MP-ASI pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan di BPM Nurtila Palembang tahun 2016.Desain penelitian kuantitatif bersifat survei analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua ibu yang memiliki bayi usia >6 bulan yang datang ke BPM Nurtila Palembang pada tanggal 17 Mei-11 Juni 2016, pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara accidental sampling dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 30 orang dan alat ukur yang digunakan adalah kuesioner. Analisis data meliputi univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil uji statistik didapatkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara pendidikan ibu (p-value=0,034 dan OR=8,000, pendapatan keluarga (p-value=0,018 dan OR=13,750, dukungan keluarga (p-value=0,003; OR=3,500 dan tradisi (p-value=0,004 dan OR=16,000 dengan pemberian MP-ASI pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan di BPM Nurtila Palembang tahun 2016.

  12. Automated segmentation of mouse OCT volumes (ASiMOV): Validation & clinical study of a light damage model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antony, Bhavna Josephine; Kim, Byung-Jin; Lang, Andrew; Carass, Aaron; Prince, Jerry L; Zack, Donald J

    2017-01-01

    The use of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is becoming commonplace for the in vivo longitudinal study of murine models of ophthalmic disease. Longitudinal studies, however, generate large quantities of data, the manual analysis of which is very challenging due to the time-consuming nature of generating delineations. Thus, it is of importance that automated algorithms be developed to facilitate accurate and timely analysis of these large datasets. Furthermore, as the models target a variety of diseases, the associated structural changes can also be extremely disparate. For instance, in the light damage (LD) model, which is frequently used to study photoreceptor degeneration, the outer retina appears dramatically different from the normal retina. To address these concerns, we have developed a flexible graph-based algorithm for the automated segmentation of mouse OCT volumes (ASiMOV). This approach incorporates a machine-learning component that can be easily trained for different disease models. To validate ASiMOV, the automated results were compared to manual delineations obtained from three raters on healthy and BALB/cJ mice post LD. It was also used to study a longitudinal LD model, where five control and five LD mice were imaged at four timepoints post LD. The total retinal thickness and the outer retina (comprising the outer nuclear layer, and inner and outer segments of the photoreceptors) were unchanged the day after the LD, but subsequently thinned significantly (p < 0.01). The retinal nerve fiber-ganglion cell complex and the inner plexiform layers, however, remained unchanged for the duration of the study.

  13. Characterization of ion-assisted induced absorption in A-Si thin-films used for multivariate optical computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayak, Aditya B.; Price, James M.; Dai, Bin; Perkins, David; Chen, Ding Ding; Jones, Christopher M.

    2015-06-01

    Multivariate optical computing (MOC), an optical sensing technique for analog calculation, allows direct and robust measurement of chemical and physical properties of complex fluid samples in high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) downhole environments. The core of this MOC technology is the integrated computational element (ICE), an optical element with a wavelength-dependent transmission spectrum designed to allow the detector to respond sensitively and specifically to the analytes of interest. A key differentiator of this technology is it uses all of the information present in the broadband optical spectrum to determine the proportion of the analyte present in a complex fluid mixture. The detection methodology is photometric in nature; therefore, this technology does not require a spectrometer to measure and record a spectrum or a computer to perform calculations on the recorded optical spectrum. The integrated computational element is a thin-film optical element with a specific optical response function designed for each analyte. The optical response function is achieved by fabricating alternating layers of high-index (a-Si) and low-index (SiO2) thin films onto a transparent substrate (BK7 glass) using traditional thin-film manufacturing processes (e.g., ion-assisted e-beam vacuum deposition). A proprietary software and process are used to control the thickness and material properties, including the optical constants of the materials during deposition to achieve the desired optical response function. The ion-assisted deposition is useful for controlling the densification of the film, stoichiometry, and material optical constants as well as to achieve high deposition growth rates and moisture-stable films. However, the ion-source can induce undesirable absorption in the film; and subsequently, modify the optical constants of the material during the ramp-up and stabilization period of the e-gun and ion-source, respectively. This paper characterizes the unwanted

  14. Supporting doctors as healthcare quality and safety advocates: Recommendations from the associations of surgeons in training (ASiT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, C A; Humm, G; Wild, J R; Mohan, H M; Hornby, S T; Harries, R L; Fitzgerald, J E F; Beamish, A J

    2018-02-08

    As front-line healthcare staff, doctors in surgical training occupy a unique organisational space rotating through hospitals and services in which they witness first hand both good and bad practice. This puts trainees in a clear position to identify and raise patient safety issues, and to contribute to discussions regarding quality and safety improvement. However, there are a number of real and perceived barriers to trainees doing so. These include concerns about the impact on training assessments and career progression, and uncertainty about the appropriate route. Paper-based survey of delegates attending the Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) conference (response rate 73%; 479/652). 288 (60%) of trainees reported previous concerns over practices and behaviour of colleagues that might pose risks to patient care including concerns over poor performance (n = 243; 84%), bullying (n = 45; 16%), alcohol and drug abuse (n = 15; 5%) and mental health problems (n = 8; 3%). However, 53% (n = 153) did not escalate these concerns. 178 (37%) of trainees also reported concerns over hospital policies, protocols or systems that might pose a risk to patient care, with 46% (n = 82) not escalating such concerns. Respondents highlighted fear of personal vilification or reprisal (n = 224; 47%), fear of impact on career (n = 206; 43%) and a lack of confidence in the process (n = 170; 36%) as barriers to whistleblowing. More senior trainees were significantly more likely to raise concerns than more junior grades (p < 0.0001). These results highlight worrying issues around reporting concerns, with trainees often "silent witnesses" to poor performance in healthcare. Adverse events must provide opportunities for learning to improve future outcomes. Herein, ASiT proposes 14 recommendations to improve protection for trainees in raising patient safety concerns. These include the creation of a positive workplace culture, promoting the active

  15. Changes of the temperature coefficients of the characteristics which accompany degradation and recovery of a-Si solar cells; A-Si taiyo denchi no hikari (denryu) rekka oyobi kaifuku ni tomonau tokusei ondo keisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanagisawa, T.; Koyanagi, T.; Nakamura, K.; Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T. [electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Pursuant to the measuring of temperature dependency of the characteristics such as conversion efficiency, during the process of degradation in a-Si solar cells due to light and electric current and the process of recovery by annealing, this paper describes changes in temperature coefficients, correlation between the characteristic parameters and the degradation, and the results of the examination of their characteristics. The conversion efficiency {mu} degraded approximately by 45% of the initial value each by the irradiation under a light intensity with 3 SUN accelerated and by the infusion of current at 20mA/cm{sup 2}; and then, the efficiency recovered to 70-75% of the degradation by subsequent annealing. In addition, in the temperature dependency at 80{degree}C against at 20{degree}C, Isc slightly increased while Vcc greatly decreased. This slight increase in Isc was mainly due to the decrease in the width of the forbidden band, while the decrease in Vcc was due to the increase in the reverse saturation current. The temperature dependency of {mu}N was negative, becoming small in accordance with the degradation. The temperature dependency of FF/FFO was negative initially both in light and current, but it decreased with the degradation and turned to positive. The temperature coefficients of I-V parameters reversibly changed corresponding to the degradation and recovery of these parameters and stayed in a good correlation. 7 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Identificación de constructos competitivos y estratégicos de las exportaciones de manzanas chilenas a los mercados asiáticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Adasme-Berrios

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación se analiza la competitividad de las exportaciones de manzanas de la región del Maule, Chile, en los mercados asiáticos de China, Hong Kong, Taiwán e India. El objetivo fue identificar estrategias competitivas y determinar las variables de ventaja competitiva de mayor relevancia. Para determinar los constructos estratégicos se realizó un bootstrap junto con un análisis factorial de componentes principales (PCA. Los constructos encontrados indican que las estrategias competitivas del sector exportador está orientado en lograr economías de escalas y optimizar procesos productivos y comerciales, para lograr menores costos y competir eficientemente en los mercados asiáticos.

  17. L'émergence de l'Asie en développement menace-t-elle l'emploi en France ?

    OpenAIRE

    Mathieu, Catherine; Sterdyniak, Henri

    1994-01-01

    Les pays de l'Asie du Sud- Est ont connu dans les deux dernières décennies un fort dynamisme économique et des taux de croissance de l'ordre de 7 %, qui contrastent avec la généralisation du chômage de masse et la faible croissance en Europe. Aussi certains ont accusé la politique commerciale agressive des pays d'Asie en développement d'être responsable des difficultés européennes, tandis que d'autres mettaient l'accent sur les facteurs internes de dynamisme de ces pays et voyaient dans leur ...

  18. Guidelines for sustainable tourism planning in the township of San Francisco de Asis (Acandi Municipality, Choco, Colombia)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roldan Carvajal, Carlos Daniel

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents important management guidelines for conducting a tourism planning process in the township of San Francisco de Asis, which were developed from the conceptual notion of sustainable tourism and participation of local people. This case considered the participatory research method, used ethnography techniques and implemented shops with the community. As a main result proposed the consolidation of four components, socio- political, socio- cultural, social- ecological and socio- economic; that must be managed in an integrated fashion to achieve real sustainable tourism in this territory. In the first component outlines an participatory process that must take place between the various stake holders; in the second considered strengthen the social tissue and valuing cultural traditions to adequately integrate tourism activities; the third proposes an integrated environmental conservation in the whole territory and as an obligation of all stake holders, including to tourists; finally, in the fourth component, recommend the creation of more opportunities and general welfare for the entire local population in order to prevent the growth of tourism segregated. As a general conclusion will projected that the implementation of these guidelines permitted advance, from the practical, in the development of a truly sustainable tourism that help improve the living conditions of local people and conserve valuable natural and cultural resources that exist in this territory.

  19. Sécurité hydrique dans les régions périurbaines de l'Asie du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans le cadre de ce projet, les chercheurs recourront à des méthodes quantitatives et qualitatives afin de mettre en lumière les conséquences du stress hydrique sur les collectivités vulnérables des régions périurbaines de quatre villes d'Asie du Sud, à savoir New Delhi et Hyderabad (en Inde), Kathmandu (au Népal) et ...

  20. ANALISIS MAQÂṢID ASY-SYARÎ’AH TERHADAP PUTUSAN MK NOMOR 46/PUU-VIII/2010 DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP HUKUM KELUARGA ISLAM DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ubayyu Rikza

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Constitutional Court made a revolutionary decision through the decision of Constitutional Court Number 46/PUU-VIII/2010 about the status of children outside of marriage. The decision stated that childrens born outside of marriage not only had a civil relationship with their mother and mother's family but also had a civil relationship with their biological father. Its implicates that children outside of marriage have the same rights with legal children, such as  earning a living, inheritance and equality before the law. Seen from the concept of maqâṣid asy-syarî'ah, the decision does not violate the Islamic law, otherwhise it is in the line with the principles of maqâṣid asy-syarî'ah especially the principles of ḥifẓ an-nasl and ḥifẓ an-nafs.   [Mahkamah Konstitusi telah membuat putusan revolusioner dalam putusan MK Nomor 46/PUU-VIII/2010 tentang status anak di luar perkawinan. Putusan tersebut menyatakan bahwa anak yang dilahirkan di luar perkawinan mempunyai hubungan perdata dengan ibu dan keluarga ibunya dan mempunyai hubungan perdata dengan ayah biologisnya yang dibuktikan berdasarkan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Implikasinya adalah anak di luar perkawinan mendapat hak sama dengan anak sah, mendapatkan nafkah, waris dan persamaan di hadapan hukum. Dilihat dari konsep maqâṣid asy-syarî’ah, putusan tersebut tidak melanggar hukum Islam, sebaliknya, ia sejalan dengan prinsip-prinsip maqâṣid asy-syarî’ah terutama prinsip ḥifẓ an-nasl dan ḥifẓ an-nafs.

  1. Resistência da soja à ferrugem-asiática avaliada pela análise da produtividade de grãos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilmar Ferreira Lima

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos desse trabalho foram estudar a resistência e/ou tolerância da soja à ferrugem-asiática, expresso por genes maiores e menores e selecionar as linhagens resistentes e/ou tolerantes mais produtivas. Foram utilizados dados de seis experimentos realizados nas safras 2005/2006, 2006/2007 e 2007/2008, em Londrina, PR, envolvendo cinco parentais e as gerações segregantes F2, F3 e F4. Foi utilizado o delineamento inteiramente casualizado utilizando a metodologia de cultivo em covas (01 parcela = 01 cova = 01planta. Os resultados indicaram que a resistência e/ou tolerância genética à ferrugem-asiática é controlada por genes maiores e menores dispersos nos parentais que expressam ação predominantemente aditiva. Os dados também indicaram que sob pressão de inóculo é possível selecionar linhagens de soja com produtividades de grãos superiores ao parental com maior produtividade de grãos na maioria dos cruzamentos, indicando que a seleção resultou em genótipos resistentes e/ou tolerantes. A herdabilidade no sentido restrito da produtividade de grãos, na presença da ferrugem-asiática, variou de média a alta (0,324 a 0,815 ao nível de progênies F3, demonstrando ser possível selecionar progênies resistentes e/ou tolerantes à ferrugem-asiática já nas gerações iniciais dos programas de melhoramento.

  2. SU-F-T-263: Dosimetric Characteristics of the Cine Acquisition Mode of An A-Si EPID

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bawazeer, O; Deb, P [RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC (Australia); Sarasanandarajah, S [Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Herath, S; Kron, T [Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Melbourne, VIC (Australia)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate the dosimetric characteristics of Varian a-Si-500 electronic portal imaging device (EPID) operated in cine mode particularly considering linearity with delivered dose, dose rate, field size, phantom thickness, MLC speed and common IMRT fields. Methods: The EPID that attached to a Varian Clinac 21iX linear accelerator, was irradiated with 6 and 18 MV using 600 MU/min. Image acquisition is controlled by the IAS3 software, Trigger delay was 6 ms, BeamOnDelay and FrameStartDelay were zero. Different frame rates were utilized. Cine mode response was calculated using MATLAB as summation of mean pixel values in a region of interest of the acquired images. The performance of cine mode was compared to integrated mode and dose measurements in water using CC13 ionization chamber. Results: Figure1 illustrates that cine mode has nonlinear response for small MU, when delivering 10 MU was about 0.5 and 0.64 for 6 and 18 MV respectively. This is because the missing acquired images that were calculated around four images missing in each delivery. With the increase MU the response became linear and comparable with integrated mode and ionization chamber within 2%. Figure 2 shows that cine mode has comparable response with integrated mode and ionization chamber within 2% with changing dose rate for 10 MU delivered. This indicates that the dose rate change has no effect on nonlinearity of cine mode response. Except nonlinearity, cine mode is well matched to integrated mode response within 2% for field size, phantom thickness, MLC speed dependences. Conclusion: Cine mode has similar dosimetric characteristics to integrated mode with open and IMRT fields, and the main limitation with cine mode is missing images. Therefore, the calibration of EPID images with this mode should be run with large MU, and when IMRT verification field has low MU, the correction for missing images are required.

  3. SU-F-T-263: Dosimetric Characteristics of the Cine Acquisition Mode of An A-Si EPID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bawazeer, O; Deb, P; Sarasanandarajah, S; Herath, S; Kron, T

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate the dosimetric characteristics of Varian a-Si-500 electronic portal imaging device (EPID) operated in cine mode particularly considering linearity with delivered dose, dose rate, field size, phantom thickness, MLC speed and common IMRT fields. Methods: The EPID that attached to a Varian Clinac 21iX linear accelerator, was irradiated with 6 and 18 MV using 600 MU/min. Image acquisition is controlled by the IAS3 software, Trigger delay was 6 ms, BeamOnDelay and FrameStartDelay were zero. Different frame rates were utilized. Cine mode response was calculated using MATLAB as summation of mean pixel values in a region of interest of the acquired images. The performance of cine mode was compared to integrated mode and dose measurements in water using CC13 ionization chamber. Results: Figure1 illustrates that cine mode has nonlinear response for small MU, when delivering 10 MU was about 0.5 and 0.64 for 6 and 18 MV respectively. This is because the missing acquired images that were calculated around four images missing in each delivery. With the increase MU the response became linear and comparable with integrated mode and ionization chamber within 2%. Figure 2 shows that cine mode has comparable response with integrated mode and ionization chamber within 2% with changing dose rate for 10 MU delivered. This indicates that the dose rate change has no effect on nonlinearity of cine mode response. Except nonlinearity, cine mode is well matched to integrated mode response within 2% for field size, phantom thickness, MLC speed dependences. Conclusion: Cine mode has similar dosimetric characteristics to integrated mode with open and IMRT fields, and the main limitation with cine mode is missing images. Therefore, the calibration of EPID images with this mode should be run with large MU, and when IMRT verification field has low MU, the correction for missing images are required.

  4. Controle e progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja sob controle alternativo em campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Mesquini

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o controle e o progresso temporal da ferrugem asiática da soja, causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi, sob manejo com tratamentos alternativos. Para isso, implementou-se um ensaio em delineamento de blocos completos com tratamentos ao acaso, com 4 repetições, em Itambé-PR, durante a safra 2007/2008. Os tratamentos alternativos foram: biomassa cítrica, extrato bruto e óleo essencial de Eucalyptus citriodora e grãos de kefir. Avaliou-se também o controle químico com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole + adjuvante 0,5 v/v e a testemunha. Para comparação dos tratamentos utilizou-se a severidade da doença (em cinco avaliações, a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD, a taxa de progresso da doença, a produtividade e o peso de mil grãos. Foram constatadas diferenças significativas (Pd"0,05 para as avaliações de severidade, para AACPD e para a taxa de progresso da doença. De modo geral, dentre os tratamentos alternativos, a biomassa cítrica e os grãos de kefir apresentaram os maiores índices de controle e menores taxas de progresso da doença, superando os tratamentos com extrato bruto e óleo essencial de E. citriodora. Porém, o tratamento com azoxistrobina + ciproconazole foi mais eficiente para controle e proporcionou as menores taxas de progresso quando comparado aos tratamentos alternativos.

  5. Euroopa asi / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Filmiakadeemia andis Euroopa 2006.a. parima filmi auhinna sakslase Florian Henckel von Donnersmarcki filmile "Teiste elu" ("Das Leben der Anderen"), mille peaosaline Ulrich Mühe sai parima meesnäitleja auhinna. Parim režissöör oli Pedro Almodovar, kelle filmi "Volver" näitleja Penelope Cruz sai ka parima naisnäitleja auhinna. Lisatud nimekiri "Valik tänavusi Euroopa filmiauhindade võitjaid

  6. A modernização militar da China e a distribuição de poder no Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Coelho Dornelles Jr.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Em razão do fim da União Soviética, China e Estados Unidos perderam um rival importante no Leste Asiático, o que alterou substancialmente a balança de poder da região, levando-a da multipolaridade à bipolaridade, ou seja, desde 1991 China e Estados Unidos são os únicos polos de poder na região. Para melhorar sua posição relativa nesta balança, o governo chinês vem investindo pesadamente na modernização de suas Forças Armadas. O tema deste estudo é o impacto da modernização militar chinesa sobre a distribuição de poder na região, considerando os inventários militares e seus meios de emprego (táticas assimétricas de antiacesso e negação de área, especial-mente na esfera aeronaval. Isso nos leva ao problema geral da presente pesquisa: qual o impacto da modernização militar da China sobre a balança de poder do Leste Asiático? O método utilizado será o de estudo de caso - comparação focada e estruturada. Tal comparação terá um caráter sincrônico, ou seja, considerará os valores das variáveis em um dado momento, apenas. Conclui-se que a modernização militar do Exército de Libertação do Povo (ELP mudou sensivelmente a distribuição de poder no Leste Asiático em favor da China.

  7. Associação de adjuvantes à picoxistrobina + ciproconazol no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackeline Matos do Nascimento

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O principal problema fitossanitário da soja no Brasil é a ferrugem asiática. O uso de fungicidas é uma medida eficiente no controle da doença. Substâncias adicionadas à calda, como os adjuvantes podem influenciar a eficácia do fungicida. Testou-se nas safras 2008/09 e 2009/10 o efeito de seis adjuvantes (Assist®, Aureo®, Break ThruÒ, Joint®, Natur'l Oil® e Silwet® adicionados a picoxistrobina + ciproconazol, além da testemunha (sem fungicida e da testemunha padrão (Nimbus®, totalizando oito tratamentos. Para avaliação da doença, foram coletados folíolos nos terços superior, médio e inferior da cultura, observando número de lesões e urédias por folíolo nas três linhas centrais de cada parcela e incidência da doença. Na safra 2009/10, durante a segunda aplicação, foram utilizados papeis hidrossensíveis, avaliando-se o diâmetro da mediana volumétrica (DMV, o diâmetro da mediana numérica (DMN, o coeficiente de variação de gotas (CV, a densidade de gotas, o volume recuperado (L ha-1 e a área coberta pela calda fungicida (%. Nas duas safras não houve efeito dos adjuvantes testados sobre a eficiência de controle da doença quando comparados à testemunha padrão (fungicida + Nimbus®, podendo ser usados como alternativa. Na safra 2009/10 o adjuvante Aureo proporcionou menores valores de DMN, DMV, CV, volume recuperado e área coberta, enquanto que os tratamentos com maiores valores foram Assist, Joint, Nimbus e Silwet. Não foram observados sintomas de fitotoxidade associados à adição dos adjuvantes testados.

  8. Níquel, outros micronutrientes e silício e a ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) na cultura da soja (Glycine max)

    OpenAIRE

    Queiroz, Camila de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Uma alternativa de manejo da ferrugem-asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) na soja é a nutrição adequada das plantas, uma vez que os nutrientes minerais são diretamente envolvidos em mecanismos de defesa, como componentes integrais das células, das membranas, das enzimas e dos transportadores de elétrons ou como ativadores, inibidores e reguladores do metabolismo. Neste contexto, objetivou-se através deste trabalho avaliar a influência de micronutrientes (B, Zn, Mn e Cu), silício e níquel na seve...

  9. Desenvolvimento e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas da versão brasileira do Addiction Severity Index 6 (ASI-6 Light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lídia Reis Fernandes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas de uma versão brasileira reduzida do Addiction Severity Index 6 Light (ASI-6 Light previamente proposta com base em um estudo de validação dos construtos do instrumento e desenvolver os novos escores de cada área do instrumento baseados na Teoria de Resposta ao Item (TRI. Métodos Foram entrevistados 200 sujeitos, 100 com uso problemático de álcool e outras drogas e 100 sem uso problemático. Foram calculados os escores dos indivíduos com base na TRI. As propriedades psicométricas foram avaliadas pela correlação entre os escores do ASI-6 Light e do Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST, padrão-ouro do estudo. Foram avaliados os índices de sensibilidade e especificidade. Resultados Foi encontrada alta correlação entre os escores da área “álcool” do ASI-6 Light e os escores do ASSIST em relação ao álcool (r = 0,79, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,47 e cocaína/crack (r = 0,44 e baixa (r = 0,39 em relação à maconha. Ao correlacionarem-se os escores do ASSIST e os escores da área “drogas” do ASI-6 Light, obteve-se alta correlação em relação à cocaína/crack (r = 0,85, correlações moderadas em relação ao tabaco (r = 0,57 e maconha (r = 0,68 e baixa (r = 0,29 em relação ao álcool. A área sob a curva ROC da área “álcool” foi de 0,93 e a da área “drogas” foi de 0,88. Conclusão Boas evidências de validade das áreas “álcool” e “drogas” foram apresentadas. Essa nova versão tornou-se um instrumento de fácil manejo e de rápida aplicação, contendo os itens que melhor avaliam a gravidade de problemas.

  10. Interação entre resistência genética parcial e fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja

    OpenAIRE

    SILVA, V.A.S.; JULIATTI, F.C.; SILVA, L.A.S.

    2008-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a interação de diferentes cultivares de soja com fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática, em duas épocas de semeadura. O experimento foi realizado em condições de campo, de setembro de 2005 a maio de 2006. Foram analisadas as características: incidência, severidade (porcentagem de área foliar infectada e nota visual da parcela), número de pústulas por centímetro quadrado, peso de mil sementes e produtividade. A área abaixo da curva de progresso da doe...

  11. Resistência da soja à ferrugem-asiática avaliada pela análise da produtividade de grãos

    OpenAIRE

    Lima,Wilmar Ferreira; Prete,Cássio Egídio Cavenaghi; Ribeiro,Aliny Simony; Toledo,José Francisco Ferraz de

    2012-01-01

    Os objetivos desse trabalho foram estudar a resistência e/ou tolerância da soja à ferrugem-asiática, expresso por genes maiores e menores e selecionar as linhagens resistentes e/ou tolerantes mais produtivas. Foram utilizados dados de seis experimentos realizados nas safras 2005/2006, 2006/2007 e 2007/2008, em Londrina, PR, envolvendo cinco parentais e as gerações segregantes F2, F3 e F4. Foi utilizado o delineamento inteiramente casualizado utilizando a metodologia de cultivo em covas (01 pa...

  12. SU-E-I-86: Ultra-Low Dose Computed Tomography Attenuation Correction for Pediatric PET CT Using Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASiR™)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, S; Shulkin, B [St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To develop ultra-low dose computed tomography (CT) attenuation correction (CTAC) acquisition protocols for pediatric positron emission tomography CT (PET CT). Methods: A GE Discovery 690 PET CT hybrid scanner was used to investigate the change to quantitative PET and CT measurements when operated at ultra-low doses (10–35 mAs). CT quantitation: noise, low-contrast resolution, and CT numbers for eleven tissue substitutes were analyzed in-phantom. CT quantitation was analyzed to a reduction of 90% CTDIvol (0.39/3.64; mGy) radiation dose from baseline. To minimize noise infiltration, 100% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) was used for CT reconstruction. PET images were reconstructed with the lower-dose CTAC iterations and analyzed for: maximum body weight standardized uptake value (SUVbw) of various diameter targets (range 8–37 mm), background uniformity, and spatial resolution. Radiation organ dose, as derived from patient exam size specific dose estimate (SSDE), was converted to effective dose using the standard ICRP report 103 method. Effective dose and CTAC noise magnitude were compared for 140 patient examinations (76 post-ASiR implementation) to determine relative patient population dose reduction and noise control. Results: CT numbers were constant to within 10% from the non-dose reduced CTAC image down to 90% dose reduction. No change in SUVbw, background percent uniformity, or spatial resolution for PET images reconstructed with CTAC protocols reconstructed with ASiR and down to 90% dose reduction. Patient population effective dose analysis demonstrated relative CTAC dose reductions between 62%–86% (3.2/8.3−0.9/6.2; mSv). Noise magnitude in dose-reduced patient images increased but was not statistically different from pre dose-reduced patient images. Conclusion: Using ASiR allowed for aggressive reduction in CTAC dose with no change in PET reconstructed images while maintaining sufficient image quality for co

  13. Utilizing field-aligned current profiles derived from Swarm to estimate the peak emission height of 630 nm auroral arcs: a comparison of methods and discussion of associated error estimates in the ASI data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, D. M.; Knudsen, D. J.; Donovan, E.; Jackel, B. J.; Gillies, R.; Spanswick, E.

    2017-12-01

    We compare field-aligned currents (FACs) measured by the Swarm constellation of satellites with the location of red-line (630 nm) auroral arcs observed by all-sky imagers (ASIs) to derive a characteristic emission height for the optical emissions. In our 10 events we find that an altitude of 200 km applied to the ASI maps gives optimal agreement between the two observations. We also compare the new FAC method against the traditional triangulation method using pairs of all-sky imagers (ASIs), and against electron density profiles obtained from the Resolute Bay Incoherent Scatter Radar-Canadian radar (RISR-C), both of which are consistent with a characteristic emission height of 200 km. We also present the spatial error associated with georeferencing REdline Geospace Observatory (REGO) and THEMIS all-sky imagers (ASIs) and how it applies to altitude projections of the mapped image. Utilizing this error we validate the estimated altitude of redline aurora using two methods: triangulation between ASIs and field-aligned current profiles derived from magnetometers on-board the Swarm satellites.

  14. Reação de genótipos de soja à infecção natural por ferrugem asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fernanda Antunes da Cruz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o progresso da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi em genótipos de soja destinados à produção de silagem, sob condições naturais de infecção. Avaliou-se a severidade da ferrugem ao longo do tempo e a capacidade combinatória de cinco cultivares e 20 progênies F3 de soja. A maior área abaixo da curva de progresso da ferrugem (AACPF foi de 2.116, para as progênies originadas do cruzamento entre as cultivares UFVS 2003 x UFV16, e a menor de 1.307, para UFV16 x Tucunaré. Houve efeito significativo das capacidades geral e específica de combinação, para a AACPF entre os genitores e as progênies, bem como para os cruzamentos recíprocos. Esses resultados indicam que a resistência à ferrugem asiática da soja pode ser influenciada por componentes maternos.

  15. Determination of hydrogen concentration in a-Si and a-Ge layers by elastic recoil detection analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khanh, N.Q.; Serenyi, M.

    2010-01-01

    Compete text of publication follows. Hydrogenated amorphous Si and Ge films are of current interest in academic and industrial research due to their unique physical properties and important applications. The incorporation of hydrogen in the amorphous network is an accepted means for reducing the density of defect states in the midgap. The passivation of dangling-bonds leads to a significant improvement in the electronic and optical properties of these layers. However, hydrogen is also suspected to degrade the performance of amorphous Si and Ge material and devices. Several studies related to hydrogen motion have been proposed to explain the light and thermal degradation effect in these layers. Thus to improve the performance and reliability of these devices, it is crucially important to understand the role of hydrogen in amorphous layers. In our previous works the structural changes of hydrogenated a-Si/Ge multilayers as a function of annealing condition was investigated. It was shown that during annealing the samples underwent significant structural changes. Due to the fast out-diffusion of hydrogen from the layers prepared with high (6 ml/min) H 2 flow rate, bubbles and craters were created on the surface. However, in the multilayer samples prepared with hydrogen flow rate lower than 6 ml/min the macroscopic degradation by formation bubbles and craters was more moderated. The diffusion measurement shows that in these samples the structural degradation and intermixing of layers was slower than in the non-hydrogenated samples. As it was suggested the hydrogen can inactivate the dangling bonds of amorphous layers and, as a result of this, the intermixing slows down. It was also predicted that the hydrogen first released from the Ge layers because of the lower binding energy. In this work, we have studied the individual a-Si and a-Ge hydrogenated layers prepared by RF sputtering on Si (100) substrates. The absolute value of atomic content of the H was determined by

  16. Performance Study of an aSi Flat Panel Detector for Fast Neutron Imaging of Nuclear Waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schumann, M.; Mauerhofer, E. [Institute of Energy and Climate Research - Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Engels, R.; Kemmerling, G. [Central Institute for Engineering, Electronics and Analytics - Electronic Systems, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Frank, M. [MATHCCES - Department of Mathematics, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen (Germany); Havenith, A.; Kettler, J.; Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, T. [Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Technology Transfer, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen (Germany); Schitthelm, O. [Corporate Technology, Siemens AG, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    Radioactive waste must be characterized to check its conformance for intermediate storage and final disposal according to national regulations. For the determination of radio-toxic and chemo-toxic contents of radioactive waste packages non-destructive analytical techniques are preferentially used. Fast neutron imaging is a promising technique to assay large and dense items providing, in complementarity to photon imaging, additional information on the presence of structures in radioactive waste packages. Therefore the feasibility of a compact Neutron Imaging System for Radioactive waste Analysis (NISRA) using 14 MeV neutrons is studied in a cooperation framework of Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, RWTH Aachen University and Siemens AG. However due to the low neutron emission of neutron generators in comparison to research reactors the challenging task resides in the development of an imaging detector with a high efficiency, a low sensitivity to gamma radiation and a resolution sufficient for the purpose. The setup is composed of a commercial D-T neutron generator (Genie16GT, Sodern) with a surrounding shielding made of polyethylene, which acts as a collimator and an amorphous silicon flat panel detector (aSi, 40 x 40 cm{sup 2}, XRD-1642, Perkin Elmer). Neutron detection is achieved using a general propose plastic scintillator (EJ-260, Eljen Technology) linked to the detector. The thermal noise of the photodiodes is reduced by employing an entrance window made of aluminium. Optimal gain and integration time for data acquisition are set by measuring the response of the detector to the radiation of a 500 MBq {sup 241}Am-source. Detector performance was studied by recording neutron radiography images of materials with various, but well known, chemical compositions, densities and dimensions (Al, C, Fe, Pb, W, concrete, polyethylene, 5 x 8 x 10 cm{sup 3}). To simulate gamma-ray emitting waste radiographs in presence of a gamma-ray sources ({sup 60}Co, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 241

  17. Repertorio bibliográfico, análisis bibliométrico y sociocultural de las monografías sobre artes marciales asiáticas publicadas en España

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Gutiérrez, Mikel

    2013-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral tiene como objetivo estudiar las monografías de artes marciales asiáticas publicadas en España hasta el año 2009. Concretamente, en ella se pretende: a) elaborar un repertorio bibliográfico anotado sobre las monografías de artes marciales asiáticas publicadas en España; y b) desarrollar un análisis bibliométrico y sociocultural de estas monografías

  18. New devices Si-rich and C-rich a-Si1−xCx thin films gas sensors based

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ouadfel, M.A.; Yaddaden, C.; Merazga, S.; Cheriet, A.; Talb, L.; Kaci, S.; Belkacem, Y.; Ouadah, Y.; Menous, I.; Kechouane, M.; Gabouze, N.; Keffous, A.; Menari, H.

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: •Elaboration of Si-rich and C-rich thin films of amorphous silicon carbide. •Using a co-sputtering d.c magnetron of Si target and different 32–86 of 6H–SiC sprigs. •Structural and optical properties has been performed with applications in environmental field. •Different devices structures based on thin films have been investigated as gas sensor. -- Abstract: In this paper, we present an experimental study on elaboration of Si-rich and C-rich thin films of hydrogenated amorphous silicon carbide (a-Si 1−x C x :H) using a DC magnetron co-sputtering of Si single crystal target on which are deposited different polycrystalline 6H–SiC sprigs varying from 32 to 86, with dimension of 10 × 5 mm 2 . A comparative study of structural and optical properties has been performed and its applications in environmental field. The a-Si 1−x C x :H films were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–visible-NIR spectrophotometry, infrared absorption spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), and photoluminescence. The measured optical gap of a-Si 1−x C x :H thin films depend on the carbon concentration with x varying from 0.18 to 0.30. This can be probably explained by the changes of Sp 3 (silicon or film with low carbon content) to sp 2 (high carbon content) configuration. Finally, different devices structures based the thin films have been investigated as gas sensors as Pd/a-Si 0.72 C 0.28 :H with a good sensitivity of CO 2 and H 2 gases at low bias voltage ranging from 0.05 to 0.26 volt, respectively and a low response time of 29 s and 25 s was obtained at 165 ppm of the used gases, with a recovery time of 32 s and 23 s for CO 2 and H 2 gases, respectively

  19. High Efficiency Thin Film CdTe and a-Si Based Solar Cells: Final Technical Report, 4 March 1998--15 October 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G.

    2003-10-01

    This is the final report covering about 42 months of this subcontract for research on high-efficiency CdTe-based thin-film solar cells and on high-efficiency a-Si-based thin-film solar cells. Phases I and II have been extensively covered in two Annual Reports. For this Final Report, highlights of the first two Phases will be provided and then detail will be given on the last year and a half of Phase III. The effort on CdTe-based materials is led by Prof. Compaan and emphasizes the use of sputter deposition of the semiconductor layers in the fabrication of CdS/CdTe cells. The effort on high-efficiency a-Si materials is led by Prof. Deng and emphasizes plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition for cell fabrication with major efforts on triple-junction devices.

  20. Effects of boron addition on a-Si90Ge10:H films obtained by low frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez, Arllene M; Renero, Francisco J; Zuniga, Carlos; Torres, Alfonso; Santiago, Cesar

    2005-01-01

    Optical, structural and electric properties of (a-(Si 90 Ge 10 ) 1-y B y :H) thin film alloys, deposited by low frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition, are presented. The chemical bonding structure has been studied by IR spectroscopy, while the composition was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. A discussion about boron doping effects, in the composition and bonding of samples, is presented. Transport of carriers has been studied by measurement of the conductivity dependence on temperature, which increases from 10 -3 to 10 1 Ω -1 cm -1 when the boron content varies from 0 to 50%. Similarly, the activation energy is between 0.62 and 0.19 eV when the doping increases from 0 to 83%. The optical properties have been determined from the film's optical transmission, using Swanepoel's method. It is shown that the optical gap varies from 1.3 to 0.99 eV

  1. Efeito do momento de aplicação de fungicida e da época de semeadura no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Lara Line Pereira de

    2016-01-01

    O Brasil é o maior produtor de soja (Glycine max) do mundo. Somente na safra 2014/2015, foram produzidas cerca de 97 milhões de toneladas de soja, dessas, cerca de 46,22 milhões de toneladas foram exportadas. A ferrugem asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) é considerada a principal doença da soja. Tal doença causa desfolha precoce, impedindo a completa formação dos grãos e drástica redução na produtividade. Devido à escassez de outras medidas, a aplicação de fungicida ainda é a principal ...

  2. Reação de genótipos de soja à infecção natural por ferrugem asiática

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz,Maria Fernanda Antunes da; Souza,Giselle Anselmo de; Rodrigues,Fabrício Ávila; Sediyama,Carlos Sigueyuki; Barros,Everaldo Gonçalves de

    2011-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o progresso da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) em genótipos de soja destinados à produção de silagem, sob condições naturais de infecção. Avaliou-se a severidade da ferrugem ao longo do tempo e a capacidade combinatória de cinco cultivares e 20 progênies F3 de soja. A maior área abaixo da curva de progresso da ferrugem (AACPF) foi de 2.116, para as progênies originadas do cruzamento entre as cultivares UFVS 2003 x UFV16, e a menor de 1.307, para...

  3. Dinâmica temporal de urediniósporos e controle da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) da soja (Glycine max)

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Marcello Arrais

    2011-01-01

    Os objetivos do trabalho foram: (a) avaliar genótipos de soja quanto a reação à ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi); (b) verificar o progresso da doença em campo de soja associados às condições ambientais, correlacionando-as à variação temporal de urediniósporos coletados no ar; (c) determinar a influência do ambiente na infecção por P. pachyrhizi; e (d) avaliar a influência da concentração de urediniósporos de P. pachyrhizi sobre a doença. Os principais resultados são a seguir apresent...

  4. Tejiendo redes. Estrategias de las empresas trasnacionales asiáticas en América Latina. Carlos Moneta y Sergio Cesarín (Editores) : Tres de Febrero, EDUNTREF e International University of Business and Economics (Beijing, China), 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Lanare, Luciano

    2012-01-01

    La obra que ofrecen Carlos Moneta y Sergio Cesarín, bajo el titulo Tejiendo redes. Estrategias de las empresas transnacionales asiáticas en América Latina (Editorial EDUNTREF) aporta interesantes elementos que permiten analizar y comprender la génesis y desarrollo del comercio de la República Popular China con América Latina.

  5. Espectro de gotas de pulverização e controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Paula Debortoli

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o espectro de gotas de pulverização ideal para o controle da ferrugem-asiática-da-soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi, em cultivares com diferentes arquiteturas de planta. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2009/2010. A aplicação de fungicida (piraclostrobina + epoxiconazol, com óleo mineral foi avaliada com quatro espectros de gotas de pulverização - muito fino, <119 μm; fino, 119 a 216 μm; médio, 217 a 352 μm; e grosso, 353 a 464 μm -, em quatro cultivares de soja (BMX Apollo RR, NA 7636 RR, Fcep 53 RR e TMG 4001 RR contrastantes quanto a índice de área foliar, estatura de plantas e número de ramos por planta. Foram quantificadas as variáveis: número de gotas por cm², diâmetro mediano volumétrico das gotas, área abaixo da curva de progresso da ferrugem-asiática e produtividade da soja. A definição do espectro de gotas a ser utilizado deve considerar a cultivar e as condições ambientais em que a pulverização será realizada. A magnitude da proteção exercida pelo fungicida varia de acordo com a cobertura de plantas e a penetração de gotas no dossel, proporcionada pelos diferentes espectros de gota. O espectro de gotas fino proporciona boa deposição de gotas, controle da doença e produtividade, independentemente da cultivar avaliada.

  6. Motion-capture-based walking simulation of digital human adapted to laser-scanned 3D as-is environments for accessibility evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsubasa Maruyama

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Owing to our rapidly aging society, accessibility evaluation to enhance the ease and safety of access to indoor and outdoor environments for the elderly and disabled is increasing in importance. Accessibility must be assessed not only from the general standard aspect but also in terms of physical and cognitive friendliness for users of different ages, genders, and abilities. Meanwhile, human behavior simulation has been progressing in the areas of crowd behavior analysis and emergency evacuation planning. However, in human behavior simulation, environment models represent only “as-planned” situations. In addition, a pedestrian model cannot generate the detailed articulated movements of various people of different ages and genders in the simulation. Therefore, the final goal of this research was to develop a virtual accessibility evaluation by combining realistic human behavior simulation using a digital human model (DHM with “as-is” environment models. To achieve this goal, we developed an algorithm for generating human-like DHM walking motions, adapting its strides, turning angles, and footprints to laser-scanned 3D as-is environments including slopes and stairs. The DHM motion was generated based only on a motion-capture (MoCap data for flat walking. Our implementation constructed as-is 3D environment models from laser-scanned point clouds of real environments and enabled a DHM to walk autonomously in various environment models. The difference in joint angles between the DHM and MoCap data was evaluated. Demonstrations of our environment modeling and walking simulation in indoor and outdoor environments including corridors, slopes, and stairs are illustrated in this study.

  7. Avaliação da atividade fungicida de extratos e óleos essenciais sobre ferrugem asiática da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daísa Bigaton

    Full Text Available Os extratos e óleos essenciais extraídos de plantas têm grande potencial no controle de fitopatógenos, por sua ação fungitóxica direta, inibindo o crescimento micelial e a germinação de esporos, e pela capacidade de induzir o acúmulo de fitoalexinas nas plantas. Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar o efeito de diferentes extratos metanólicos e óleos essenciais sobre a ferrugem asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. O experimento foi realizado em casa-de-vegetação e sala de incubação. Utilizou-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado com sete tratamentos e dez repetições. A cultivar de soja utilizada foi a BRS 245RR; os tratamentos constaram de óleos essenciais e extratos metanólicos dos gêneros Schinus terebinthifolius (aroeira-pimenteira, e Trichilia silvatica (quebra-machado, catiguá-vermelho, surfactante Tween 80 a 1% (v/v e a testemunha água. As plantas foram pulverizadas com os respectivos tratamentos e inoculadas artificialmente com o fungo cerca de 24 horas depois. As características analisadas foram: número de folíolos/parcela; índice de clorofila; altura de plantas; intensidade da ferrugem asiática da soja; número de folíolos com ferrugem; número de folíolos com aspecto queimado. As plantas pulverizadas com extrato de Schinus a 5% (m/v e óleo de Schinus a 1% (v/v mostraram maior intensidade da doença, comparadas às pulverizadas com água. Estes dois tratamentos e o óleo de Trichilia a 1% provocaram uma maior incidência de folíolos queimados, indicando fitotoxicidade à cultura.

  8. Efeito do tratamento de semente com fungicidas associado à pulverização foliar no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Barbosa Pimenta

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do tratamento de sementes associado à pulverização foliar no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja. O experimento foi conduzido na estação experimental da Emater-GO, no município de Senador Canedo, GO. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos ao acaso no esquema fatorial 3x2x2 com 4 repetições. Dois fungicidas triazóis foram testados no tratamento de sementes: fluquinconazol e flutriafol, em duas cultivares de soja, BRS Valiosa RR e Emgopa 315 RR, e pulverização foliar com fungicida azoxistrobina associado com ciproconazol e nimbus. Para todas as variáveis analisadas, realizou-se análise de variância em esquema fatorial e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste Tukey a 5 % de probabilidade. O tratamento de sementes com fluquinconazol e flutriafol não afetou a emergência em nenhuma das cultivares analisadas. Aos 65 dias após a semeadura, observou-se que a cultivar Emgopa 315 RR obteve menor incidência da ferrugem. Os fungicidas fluquinconazol e flutriafol promoveram também uma menor incidência e menor severidade da doença. Para a variável desfolha, foi observado que a Emgopa 315 RR obteve menor desfolha do que a BRS Valiosa RR na data avaliada. Dentro da cultivar BRS Valiosa RR os tratamentos com fungicidas para tratamento de sementes promoveram menor desfolha do que sem tratamento de sementes. Já na Emgopa 315 RR esse fato não foi detectado. O tratamento de sementes com fungicidas pode ser uma ferramenta útil para o manejo da ferrugem asiática da soja, apesar desta técnica de aplicação de fungicidas não ter influenciado na produtividade das cultivares de soja transgênicas.

  9. «Un esclavo que se llama Antonio»: venta de dos esclavos asiáticos en Galicia a inicios del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ménard, Caroline

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Slavery has existed in the Iberian Peninsula since the Antiquity and up to the Modern Era - and moreover, it was not restricted to the submission of people coming from Africa. This paper will look at the sale of two slaves originally from Asia, Antonio and Domingo, in 1603 in the port of Vigo - it will explore their journey, the role of the Carreira da India Portuguese mariners as sailors, their origin and sale price. Antonio and Domingo might represent a minority compared to all the slaves living at that time in Galicia, but their difference is a rich illustration of the process as it was then working.

    La esclavitud era conocida en la Península Ibérica desde la Antigüedad y durante la Época Moderna y no se limitó a la sumisión de personas de origen africana. Este artículo trata de la venta de dos esclavos de origen asiático, Antonio y Domingo, en el puerto de Vigo en 1603; en él se analiza la ruta emprendida por éstos, el papel desempeñado por los marineros portugueses de la Carreira da India como vendedores, así como su origen y precio. Antonio y Domingo representan una minoria dentro del conjunto de los esclavos viviendo en ese momento en Galicia, pero su presencia es un ejemplo ilustrativo de la dinámica vigente en la época. [gl] A escravitude era coñecida na Península Ibérica dende a Antigüidade e durante a Época Moderna e non se limitou a sumisión de persoas de orixe africana. Este artigo trata da venda de dous escravos de orixe asiática, Antonio e Domingo, no porto de Vigo no 1603. No artigo analízase a ruta realizada por estes e a súa orixe e prezo, así como o papel xogado polos mariñeiros portugueses na Carreira da India como vendedores. Antonio y Domingo representan unha corrente minoritaria dentro do conxunto dos escravos que viven en Galicia nesta época, mais a sua presencia é un bon exemplo da dinamica vivida nesta época.

  10. Théâtres d’Asie à l’œuvre. Circulation, expression, politique, Hélène Bouvier & Gérard Toffin, éd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Flicker

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, riche d’une dizaine d’études, traite des formes théâtrales en Asie, de l’Inde à la Chine, en passant par l’archipel indonésien (Java, Bali, Madura, le Cambodge et le Vietnam. Il est précédé d’une introduction dense qui cadre la question sur le plan théorique en optant pour une approche résolument anthropologique, qui fédère l’ensemble des contributions. Il donne un éclairage neuf en renouvelant l’apport d’ouvrages majeurs mais aujourd’hui anciens, tel Les Théâtres d’Asie, sous l...

  11. Analysis of poly-Si thin film p^+-n-n+ homojunction solar cell and heterojunction solar cell with and without a thin μc-Si layer at the interface of a-Si and poly-Si layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letha, A. J.; Hwang, H. L.

    2009-05-01

    In this study, new possibilities for higher efficiency poly-Si thin film solar cells are investigated using MEDICI^TM device simulator. The poly-Si p^+-n-n+ thin film solar cell with a thin a-Si p+ layer is found to have higher efficiency than the homojunction p^+-n-n+ cell. Further improvement in efficiency of the heterojunction p^+-n-n+ cell is achieved by introducing a thin μc-Si layer at the interface of a-Si emitter and poly-Si absorber layers. The μc-Si layer at the interface is found to reduce the recombination losses at the interface and improved the fill factor and efficiency of the cell. The photovoltaic parameters of the cell and the absorber layer thickness for optimum efficiency are highly influenced by grain size and passivation at the grain boundary.

  12. Resistência da soja à ferrugem asiática e ao oídio: herança de caracteres quali-quantitativos e mapeamento genético

    OpenAIRE

    Catelli, Lizandra Lucy [UNESP

    2009-01-01

    Os fungos patogênicos Phakopsora pachyrhizi e Erysiphe diffusa causam a ferrugem asiática e oídio, respectivamente, em soja, e são responsáveis por grandes perdas nas áreas sojícolas de muitos países. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a herança de caracteres qualitativos e quantitativos e mapear genes de resistência dessas doenças, utilizando populações de plantas F2 e F2:3 derivados dos cruzamentos entre os genótipos resistentes à ferrugem asiática PI 200487 e PI 200526 com o genótipo su...

  13. China e sudeste asiático: diferenças e semelhanças de percepção quanto a questões atuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo A. Pereira Pinto

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available China e Sudeste Asiático têm diferenças de percepção quanto a questões de segurança regional atuais, em virtude de experiências históricas, que levam alguns países situados ao Sul da RPC a acreditarem que Pequim poderia voltar a desempenhar papel dominante na área de sua antiga influência político-cultural. Fortalecem-se, por outro lado, as semelhanças de percepção quanto à necessidade de preservar o Estado, como agente capaz de fomentar o desenvolvimento do sistema político, bem como garantidor das aspirações e interesses individuais e coletivos.China and Southeast Asia, due to their historic expeirences, have different perceptions about comtemporary regional security issues that lead some countries located at the South of CPR to believe that Pekin could come back to play the dominant role on its ancient political and cultural influence area. On the other hand, similar perceptions about the need of preserving the State as the agent able to foment the development of the political system as well as the guarantor of individual and collective aspirations and interests have strengthned.

  14. ASIE Model: An Innovative Instructional Design Model for Teachers in Enhancing and Sustaining the Quality of the 21st Century Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Md Zain

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available An effective and systematic design of instruction will determine the quality of learning and teaching practices. Hence, instructional design models are required, to move from just adopting a standard approach to developing models that have an impact on learners' profiles, creating a much better learning experience, skills, and knowledge both in the classroom and online. The 21st Century Learning Framework requires learners to develop their thinking skills, communication skills, collaborating skills and enhancing their creativity, (4Cs towards establishing "globally competitive learners." An Integral ASIE Instructional Design Model is an innovative 21st Century teachers' designing tool that provides a solution to the above challenges. The Model assist teachers in Planning, Utilizing and Sharing (PLUS instructions with others across nations. It promotes the Professional Learning Community practices where educationist, stakeholders, parents, and corporates work collaboratively ensuring its quality and sustainability in addressing the future employability issues of the learners. Results from 5 Likert Scales Questionnaires given to teachers in workshops and pilot project conducted, shows positive views on the model.

  15. Glicosídeos cianogênicos e compatibilidade de enxertia em pereiras asiáticas enxertadas sobre Pyrus calleryana e P.betulifolia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan dos Santos Pereira

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo:O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os níveis dos glicosídeos cianogênicos amigdalina e prunasina em 13 cultivares de pereiras asiáticas (Pyrus pyrifolia enxertadas sobre P. calleryana e P. betulifolia, bem como verificar os seus efeitos sobre a compatibilidade de enxertia. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado com três repetições. Foram avaliadas as cultivares: Ya li, Shinsui, Oku Sankichi, Hakucho, Nitaka, Shinseiki, Suisei, Choujuurou, Nijisseiki, Kousui, Housui, Kikusui e Hakkou. Os glicosídeos cianogênicos não tiveram influência na compatibilidade de enxertia e no teor de clorofila das combinações entre as cultivares e os porta-enxertos. A concentração de glicosídeos cianogênicos não se mostra um marcador eficiente da incompatibilidade de enxertia entre as combinações estudadas.

  16. La estructura del “sector del sexo” en el sureste asiático. Una realidad poliédrica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Pozo Gordaliza

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia, mediante un análisis sistemático, los elementos más significativos que definen la industria del sexo en el sureste asiático. Entre ellos destacamos en primer lugar, su compleja, organización, sofisticación, diversificación y estructuración; su relación con la feminización de la pobreza, las migraciones y las minorías étnicas. El tráfico sexual y el turismo sexual creciente. En segundo lugar hablaremos sobre su clientela, la estructura  demográfica joven y el acceso al mercado de la prostitución a edades muy tempranas. Seguidamente haremos alusión a las desigualdades de género, las creencias socioculturales, religiosas y al imaginario social colectivo. A continuación incidiremos en las “prostituciones” (directas o indirectas, la idea de la elección y los límites en su producción estadística. Por último terminamos con una propuesta orientativa para enriquecer el debate y aportar vías facilitadoras para encarar el fenómeno desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos.

  17. Conformación de Estados en el sudeste asiático: una deconstrucción de los estudios de área

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Antolinez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra que no es adecuado analizar los procesos de descolonización y de construcción de Estados en el sudeste asiático a partir de estudios de área, con el argumento de que dichos estudios no permiten captar la diversidad de procesos históricos y políticos de cada país durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX porque utilizan categorías homogéneas y con pretensión de universalidad. Algunas de estas categorías provienen del paradigma teórico del Estado-nación moderno que es inadecuado para estudiar los resultados políticos de estos procesos. El artículo toma los ejemplos de Tailandia, Timor Oriental, Birmania y Filipinas para estudiar los problemas de unidad nacional, construcción de burocracias y culturas políticas, y los nexos entre tradición y modernidad.

  18. Development of highly efficient large-area a-Si PV module. Final report; Entwicklung hocheffizienter grossflaechiger a-Si-Photovoltaikmodule. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruebel, H.; Frammelsberger, W.; Lechner, P.; Geyer, R.; Schade, H.; Psyk, W.

    1998-06-01

    This project was focused on the development of stable PV modules based on a-Si, and on the process transfer from a laboratory scale to a large-area production level. Central to these efforts is the economic relevance that requires reasonable module efficiencies obtained with high throughput and yield. Our modules contain p-i-n/p-i-n (a-Si/a-Si) cell structures that are based on deposition procedures developed at ISI, i.e. low-temperature deposition and high hydrogen dilution for the top cell, and microdoping between the p-layer and the buffer layer for the cottom cell. The maximum stabilized (1800 h) module efficiency obtained by production-relevant processes is 6.5% for the aperture area of 5445 cm{sup 2}. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Arbeiten im Rahmen des Projekts konzentrierten sich auf die Entwicklung moeglicht stabiler a-Si-PV-Module und auf die Umsetzung vorhandener Labortechniken in einen industriellen Fertigungsmassstab. Mitbestimmend fuer die Entwicklungsarbeiten war die kommerzielle Relevanz, die brauchbare Modulleistungen verknuepft mit hohem Durchsatz bei hoher Ausbeute. Die Basis fuer unsere jetzige Zellstruktur im Modul sind die a-Si/a-Si-(p-i-n/p-i-n)-Technologie und die Technologiekonzepte des ISI (Tieftemperaturabscheidung bei hoher H-Verduennung fuer die Topzelle sowie Feindotierung des Uebergangs von der p-Schicht in den Puffer hinein fuer die Bottomzelle). Das beste mit einem fertigungsrelevanten Prozess hergestellte Modul erreicht nach 1800 h Lichtalterung einen stabilisierten Aperturwirkungsgrad von 6.5%. (orig.)

  19. Postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē "Asiņainais kambaris"

    OpenAIRE

    Mierkalne, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Šajā pētījumā aplūkotas postmodernisma iezīmes Andželas Kārteres stāstu izlasē Asiņainais kambaris. Padziļināti tiek apskatīta intertekstualitāte, stilizācija, un fragmentācija, un to izpausmes, lai secinātu kā šīs iezīmes veido postmodernisma stāstu. Šis pētījums izstrādāts veicot ar postmodernisma tēmu saistīto teorētisko materiālu un A.Kārteres stāstu analīzi. Pētījuma aktualitāti ietekmē, pirmkārt, postmodernisma literatūras problemātika – sarežģītā literatūras perioda definīcijas izstrād...

  20. Enhanced electrical characteristics of a-Si thin films by hydrogen passivation with Nd3+:YAG laser treatment in underwater for photovoltaic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidhya, Y. Esther Blesso; Vasa, Nilesh J.

    2017-08-01

    Post deposition underwater treatment with a nanosecond Nd3+:YAG laser is proposed and demonstrated for the passivation of electrical defects in 400-1000 nm-thick a-Si thin films needed for solar cells. The proposed pulsed laser beam-overlap technique also allows simultaneous annealing and texturing. Atomic hydrogen, oxygen, and hydroxyl radicals activated by the breakdown of water by laser heating passivate the dangling bonds in the crystal grains, improving the solar cell performance. The presence of hydrogen observed after water annealing using X-ray photo electron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) shows that the passivation improvement is caused by diffusion of atomic hydrogen. After underwater annealing, relative improvement in the life time of minority carriers was measured to be approximately 13% and the efficiency of n-aSi/p-cSi solar cells is found to be increased ( 2 to 3%) when compared to that in air.

  1. Metodologias para obtenção de resistência e/ou tolerância da soja à ferrugem-asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilmar Ferreira Lima

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram complementar os estudos dos mecanismos genéticos da resistência e tolerância da soja à ferrugem-asiática e sugerir metodologias de melhoramento que permitam o acúmulo de genes maiores e menores. Seis experimentos foram realizados durante três safras em Londrina, PR, de 2005/06 a 2007/08, envolvendo cinco parentais e as gerações derivadas F2, F3 e F4. Foi utilizado o delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com parcelas em covas. As metodologias propostas foram planejadas para superar as dificuldades do melhorista em selecionar genes menores na presença de genes maiores. Isto é resolvido conduzindo populações segregantes F2, F3 e F4 numerosas para melhorar as chances de encontrar recombinações favoráveis e submetendo-as à pressão do patógeno para aumentar a frequência de genótipos resistentes/tolerantes na população F4 ou F5 quando plantas individuais serão selecionadas para formação de progênies. Consequentemente, a frequência de progênies F5 ou F6 superiores possuidoras de alelos nos genes menores e maiores também será aumentada.

  2. Asi Nehri (Antakya Kıyı Bandı Rekreasyon Alanı Donatı Elemanları ve Kullanıcı Memnuniyetinin Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Bozdoğan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Bir kentin kimlik kazanmasında önem taşıyan su yüzeyleri, kentin gelişimini yönlendiren, rekreasyonel aktivitelere olanak sağlayan, kentte yaşayanlar üzerinde görsel ve psikolojik etkiler yaratan unsurlardır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Asi Nehri kıyı bandının donatı elemanları bakımından kullanıcı memnuniyetinin belirlenmesidir. Bu alan yerleşim bölgelerini ayırması, çeşitli aktivitelere imkan sağlaması ve kent kimliği için önemli olması nedeniyle seçilmiştir. Çalışma Asi Nehri kıyı bandında 2012 Nisan-Temmuz ayları arasında 3 aşamada gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmanın birinci aşamasında alanda mevcut donatı elemanlarının miktar ve yapım malzemeleri tespit edilmiştir. İkinci aşama kullanıcıya ve kullanıma yönelik bilgiler ile halkın memnuniyet düzeyinin belirlendiği soruları içeren anket çalışmasından oluşmaktadır. Sonuç olarak, çalışma alanındaki donatı elemanlarından en yüksek düzeydeki memnuniyetin ele alınan tüm parametreler bakımından köprüler, en düşük düzeydeki memnuniyetin ise estetik ve fonksiyonel özellikler bakımından işaret/bilgi levhaları ile miktar bakımından çöp kutuları olduğu belirlenmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında, donatı elemanları kullanıcı memnuniyet düzeyinin arttırılmasında kentin tarihi ve kültürel değerleri ile bütünlük sağlanmasının gerekliliği önemli bulunmuştur. Çalışmanın yerel yönetimlere bir veri tabanı oluşturulmasında katkı sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir.

  3. Marcadores RAPD para detecção de resistência à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja RAPD markers for detection soybean rust resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Marchi Costa

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram confirmar a herança da resistência da PI 459025 (Rpp4 à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja e identificar marcadores moleculares do tipo RAPD, ligados a este gene de resistência, em populações de soja. Pelo cruzamento dos genitores contrastantes PI 459025 x Coodetec 208 obteve-se uma população, cujas populações das gerações F2 e F2:3 foram artificialmente infectadas e avaliadas quanto à reação ao fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi, pelo tipo de lesão (RB - resistente e TAN - suscetível. Com os resultados da avaliação fenotípica, dois "bulks" foram obtidos com DNA de plantas homozigóticas resistentes e suscetíveis, respectivamente, pela análise de "bulks" segregantes. De 600 iniciadores RAPD aleatórios, foram identificados três com fragmentos polimórficos entre os "bulks" e parentais contrastantes quanto à resistência. Pela análise do qui-quadrado, confirmaram-se: a herança monogênica, com dominância completa quanto à resistência ao patógeno, e a segregação 3:1 para a presença de banda dos três marcadores. Os três marcadores são ligados respectivamente a 5,1, 6,3 e 14,7 cM de distância do loco de resistência, em fase de repulsão no grupo de ligação G, o que foi confirmado pela utilização do marcador microssatélite Satt288. Estes marcadores são promissores na seleção assistida para resistência à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja.The objectives of this work were to confirm the PI 459025 inheritance of resistance (Rpp4 to Asian soybean rust pathogen and to detect RAPD markers linked to this resistance gene in soybean populations. Through the cross of the distint parental lines PI 459025 x Coodetec 208, a population was obtained, whose F2 and F2:3 generations had their populations artificially infected and evaluated for the reaction to Phakopsora pachyrhizi, by lesion type classification (RB - resistant and TAN - susceptible. Using the phenotypic results, the bulked segregant analysis

  4. Growth of KOH etched AZO nanorods and investigation of its back scattering effect in thin film a-Si solar cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Jayasree Roy; Mitra, Suchismita; Ghosh, Hemanta; Das, Gourab; Bose, Sukanta; Mandal, Sourav; Mukhopadhyay, Sumita; Saha, Hiranmay; Barua, A. K.

    2018-02-01

    In order to increase the stabilized efficiencies of thin film silicon (TFS) solar cells it is necessary to use better light management techniques. Texturization by etching of sputtered aluminum doped zinc oxide (Al:ZnO or AZO) films has opened up a variety of promises to optimize light trapping schemes. RF sputtered AZO film has been etched by potassium hydroxide (KOH). A systematic study of etching conditions such as etchant concentration, etching time, temperature management etc. have been performed in search of improved electrical and optical performances of the films. The change in etching conditions has exhibited a noticeable effect on the structure of AZO films for which the light trapping effect differs. After optimizing the etching conditions, nanorods have been found on the substrate. Hence, nanorods have been developed only by chemical etching, rather than the conventional development method (hydrothermal method, sol-gel method, electrolysis method etc.). The optimized etched substrate has 82% transmittance, moderate haze in the visible range and sheet resistance ∼13 (Ω/□). The developed nanorods (optimized etched substrate) provide better light trapping within the cell as the optical path length has been increased by using the nanorods. This provides an effect on carrier collection as well as the efficiency in a-Si solar cells. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulations have been performed to observe the light trapping by AZO nanorods formed on sputtered AZO films. For a p-i-n solar cell developed on AZO nanorods coated with sputtered AZO films, it has been found through simulations that, the incident light is back scattered into the absorbing layer, leading to an increase in photogenerated current and hence higher efficiency. It has been found that, the light that passes through the nanorods is not getting absorbed and maximum amount of light is back scattered towards the solar cell.

  5. Anthropologie et santé en Asie du Sud-Est Anthropology and Health in Southeast Asia: a State of the Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyne Micollier

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article, sous forme de bilan et perspectives, retrace la constitution progressive d'un champ de recherche spécifique : celui de la santé, de la maladie et des soins, envisagé ici principalement du point de vue historique et anthropologique. En identifiant les courants de ce champ assez récent, l’article souligne les « moments scientifiques » significatifs, évoque les thématiques privilégiées, l'évolution des problématiques ainsi que les principales avancées en Asie du Sud-Est. Cette aire géographique se révèle relativement peu explorée. Découpé de façon à la fois chronologique et thématique en référant à des ouvrages-clés, l’article montre l’étendue et la richesse des questionnements, comme le dynamisme de la discipline.Based on both results and prospects, this article traces the gradual construction of a specific field of research, namely, the field of health, disease and care, mainly approached from historical and anthropological viewpoints. By identifying the key research schemes and dynamics of this latter, this work emphasizes significant scientific steps and shifts as well as its major breakthroughs in Southeast Asia. Such lines of research are relatively less explored in this geographical area than others. Following a chronological order in conjunction with a thematic one, while referring to key studies, the article demonstrates the depth and wealth of the debates, as well as the current vitality of this discipline.

  6. El curso del desarrollo tecnológico y la subcontratación en el programa maquilador mexicano: La experiencia del este asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor M. Castillo

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Al iniciarse la década de los noventa, la industria maquiladora se ha consolidado como sector en términos cualitativos (generación de empleo y obtención de divisas, pero también en su desarrollo, que a medida que avanza el tiempo pesa más en la estructura económica y social del país (sobre todo en la frontera norte, en la que pudieran resultar importantes beneficios indirectos, dentro de otro escenario, caracterizado por las extemalidades de una nueva industria maquiladora (NIM. Nueva en el sentido de su posible contribución al desenvolvimiento del país en aspectos como apoyo a la infraestructura, transferencia y generación de tecnología, en el sentido de impulso a industrias satélites y complementarias a través de la utilización de insumos y la subcontratación, esto en una dimensión más cualitativa del proceso, donde la NIM debe ser entendida en el marco de referencia de las modificaciones y cambios estructurales que la economía esta generando (en materia de políticaeconómica.Ante esta perspectiva, el presente trabajo pretende dar respuesta a la interrogante: ¿es posible repetir la experiencia asiática en aspectos de subcontratación y adaptación de tecnología en la frontera norte de México?Como conclusión preliminar se plantea: la NIM, dentro de un marco de planificación estatal, podría convertirse en instrumento de apoyo importante, vía transferencia de tecnología y subcontratación, para una transición hacia niveles más altos de industrialización.

  7. PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK PENDUKUNG ASI EKSKLUSIF DALAM GERAKAN GEMAR ASI EKSKLUSIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Sri Widayati

    2016-03-01

    service programs are divided into three programs: the first socialization to the cadre and peer group as well as breastfeeding support group facilitator conducted one day, both the implementation of training activities breastfeeding support group for 4 days which consists of four small groups and accompanied by two facilitators each and third activity is monitoring and evaluation results formations breastfeeding support groups.

  8. Asi pole torus / Valdeko Potisep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Potisep, Valdeko

    2007-01-01

    Autori arvates kujuneks Läänemerre kavandatav gaasijuhe ohuks Balti riikide julgeolekule, merepõhja geoloogiliste uuringute varjatud eesmärgiks võib olla aga võimalike gaasivarude kindlakstegemine Soome lahes

  9. Fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi e produtividade da soja Fungicides on the control of soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi and soybean yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Moreira Soares

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, avaliou-se o efeito de fungicidas no desenvolvimento da ferrugem asiática, causada pelo fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi, e na produtividade da soja. Os fungicidas foram pulverizados quando as plantas estavam no estádio de desenvolvimento R4. Utilizou-se a cultivar Fepagro-RS 10 e delineamento blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições e dez tratamentos. A avaliação da severidade da doença foi feita 30 dias após a pulverização, utilizando-se uma escala de notas de 0 a 5, considerando-se a porcentagem da área foliar infectada. Os tratamentos com os fungicidas azoxystrobin, difenoconazole + propiconazole, fluquinconazole, myclobutanil, pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, tebuconazole e trifloxistrobina + propiconazole, controlaram o patógeno em relação à testemunha, mostrando notas médias de severidade igual ou inferior a 2 e não diferiram entre si. O tratamento com difenoconazole (nota 3,05 controlou o patógeno, mas com nota inferior ao tratamento com carbendazin (nota 3,85 e à testemunha (nota 4,5. Todos os tratamentos mostraram produtividades superiores à testemunha, variando entre 14,5% e 27,3%. O peso de cem sementes foi superior ao da testemunha para todos os tratamentos (11,8% a 14,4%, com exceção do carbendazin (5,2%.This work was done in order to evaluated the fungicides effect on the control of soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi, as well as their effect on yield. The fungicides were sprayed when the plants were at the growth stage R4. The cultivar used was Fepagro-RS 10. The experimental design used was a randomized blocks replicated four times and with ten treatments. The disease severity evaluation was done 30 days after spraying using a scale of notes (0 to 5, measuring the infected leaf area. The treatments with the fungicides azoxystrobin, difenoconazole + propiconazole, fluquinconazole, myclobutanil, pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, tebuconazole and trifloxystrobina + propiconazole controlled the

  10. L’identification des personnes devant le tribunal d’Asyûṭ (Haute Égypte à la fin du xviie siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Michel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Le tribunal d’Asyûṭ, étudié ici à travers un registre daté de 1695-1700, considérait les personnes selon un ordre de préséance strict ; il donne de la structure sociale de cette ville une vision rigide, qu’il nous faut dépasser. L’étude des dénominations des personnes, principale voie d’accès à cette société provinciale, permet de mettre en évidence différents modes de classement ou de distinction, puis de s’interroger sur leur origine et les limites de leur pertinence fonctionnelle. On a isolé dans ce but deux échantillons : les dénominations les plus développées, fournies par l’identification des parties en tête des actes, et les plus concises, que l’on trouve dans les descriptions de confins (ḥudûd d’immeubles. Un ensemble de règles exclusives, voire sophistiquées, de dénomination et de titulature distinguait deux groupes qui répondent bien à la conception ottomane des ʿaskar : les individus liés à l’armée, et une partie des hommes de religion. Parmi tous les autres, les Coptes étaient marqués d’indignité par le refus systématique, de la part du tribunal, de leur reconnaître des titres même élémentaires de distinction. L’usage des noms de métiers, de même que chez les Musulmans celui des titres minimaux (ḥâjj, shaykh paraissent avoir été réglementés et par suite surinvestis ; celui des ascendants, des patronymes, des nisba-s d’origine, des sobriquets, relevait plutôt d’impératifs de reconnaissance non classante. L’étude montre ainsi où pouvait s’exprimer l’honorabilité des gens sans qualités.

  11. Jalons pour une anthropologie de l’éthique entrepreneuriale en Asie du Sud-Est Groundwork for an Anthropology of Entrepreneurial Ethics in South-East Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghislaine Gallenga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available L’éthique entrepreneuriale est une notion largement mobilisée dans le milieu des affaires et des entreprises en Asie du Sud-Est où elle est présentée le plus souvent comme un ensemble de préceptes moraux, idéologiques ou religieux que les acteurs locaux rassemblent sous le vocable « valeurs asiatiques ». L’objet de cette introduction est de replacer ces valeurs dans le contexte de l’entreprise à partir de quelques travaux fondateurs de ce sujet en Asie du Sud-Est. Nous verrons que le plus souvent ils oscillent entre deux pôles : d’une part la sociologie wébérienne du capitalisme industriel par le prisme de l’éthique religieuse et d’autre part l’approche substantiviste de Polanyi. Si les grilles d’analyse nées de ces débats ont été appliquées en majorité aux entrepreneurs issus de la diaspora chinoise, c’est la question de l’idéologie des entrepreneurs qui prédomine à travers le prisme des courants philosophiques et religieux qui leur servent de repères. Comment des valeurs et des idéologies sont-elles perpétuées, adaptées ou transposées par les directions d’entreprise ? Comment s’insèrent-elles également dans les micro-stratégies des acteurs locaux ? Comment l’éthique entrepreneuriale se décline-t-elle dans des établissements de statuts divers et dans des familles d’entrepreneurs ? Quelles images ces dernières construisent-elles et quelles sont les valeurs (morales, religieuses, etc. qui participent à la construction de cette éthique ? En d’autres termes, il s’agit d’observer des pratiques qui ont cours dans cette partie du monde et d’en comprendre les logiques au travers d’analyses anthropologiques. Ainsi, les contributions présentées dans ce numéro apportent à la fois des éléments de réponse et ouvrent d’autres pistes de réflexion pour concourir à esquisser ce que « éthique entrepreneuriale » peut recouvrir dans cette région du Sud-Est asiatique

  12. When less is more: Psychometric properties of Norwegian short-forms of the Ambivalent Sexism Scales (ASI and AMI) and the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance (IRMA) Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendixen, Mons; Kennair, Leif Edward Ottesen

    2017-12-01

    This paper reports on the development and the psychometric properties of short forms of Ambivalent Sexism Scales toward women (ASI; Glick & Fiske, 1996) and men (AMI; Glick & Fiske, 1999), and a scale measuring rape stereotypes (IRMA; McMahon & Farmer, 2011). The short form AMI/ASI were applied for examining gender and educational differences in university students (N = 512) and in high school students (N = 1381), and for predicting individual differences in rape stereotypes in the latter. The short forms demonstrated good to excellent psychometric properties across samples of emerging adults. Relative to female students, male students reported markedly more hostility toward women and more stereotypical beliefs about rape. Despite sampling from a highly gender egalitarian and secular culture, these gender differences are on a par with those reported internationally. Rape stereotypes were predicted by sexism in high school students. Additional predictors were educational program, relationship status, and acceptance of derogatory sexual slurs. The paper questions the validity of separate constructs for benevolent sexism toward women versus men. The short form versions of the scales may substitute the original versions in future research, and help prevent attrition while measuring the same constructs. © 2017 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Panbronquiolite difusa em paciente do nordeste brasileiro sem ascendência asiática doi: 10.20513/2447-6595.2016v56n1p55-59

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaydson Teixeira Oliveira

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A panbronquiolite difusa é uma doença inflamatória, crônica e idiopática dos bronquíolos respiratórios, raramente observada em ocidentais sem ascendência asiática. O achado histopatológico principal é o acúmulo de macrófagos xantomatosos nas paredes dos bronquíolos respiratórios e a apresentação radiológica típica é o padrão de “árvore em brotamento”, difuso. Descreve-se um incomum caso da doença em uma paciente de 21 anos, natural de Quixadá no Ceará, sem ascendência asiática ou histórico de viagem para países endêmicos. Em áreas não endêmicas e em casos com apresentação clínica, radiológica e laboratorial atípicas, o diagnóstico pode se tornar muito desafiador, especialmente tendo em vista a elevada prevalência de doenças das vias aéreas associadas à bronquiolite e bronquiectasias.

  14. Research and development of photovoltaic power system. Study of carrier dynamics in a-Si from optical and optoelectronic properties; Taiyoko hatsuden system no kenky kaihatsu. Amorphous silicon no koden tokusei to sono carrier dynamics no kogakuteki kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamakawa, K. [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering Science

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the result obtained during fiscal 1994 on research on an optical study of optoelectronic properties of amorphous silicon and its carrier dynamics. Studies have been performed on elucidation of the optoelectronic conversion mechanism in an a-Si film p-i-n junction system and the relationship of the mechanism with the optoelectronic properties. In the studies, optically induced defect level distribution was evaluated by using the modulated optical current spectroscopy, and confirmation was made on model forecast and qualitative agreement, such as large increase in neutral defect levels in association with beam irradiation. In research on elucidation of a film forming mechanism for a-Si based alloys, and material property control, a high-sensitivity reflective infrared spectroscopy was used to observe mechanisms such as treatments and processes given in device fabrication. In research on optical and optoelectronic properties of an s-Si alloy thin film by using the modulated spectroscopy, a new evaluation technology dealing with amorphous semiconductors was developed. The technology separately evaluates carrier migration factors of electrons and holes by combining polarization angle dependence of electro-absorption signals with hole migration measurements. 4 figs.

  15. Relación entre Incidencia y Severidad de la Roya Asiática de la Soya Causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow Relationship Between Incidence and Severity of Asian Soybean Rust Caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Rafael Garcés Fiallos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se relaciona la incidencia con la severidad de la roya asiática de la soya, donde los valores generados por las ecuaciones pueden ser usados en cualquier estudio de este patosistema, proporcionando una herramienta para evaluar la incidencia como también la severidad. Se generaron gradientes de la enfermedad mediante el uso de fungicidas y momentos de aplicación, de manera preventiva y curativa. El experimento de campo con el cultivar Nidera 5909 RG, fue distribuido en bloques completos al azar. La intensidad de la roya asiática fue medida en los estratos inferior, medio y superior de la planta, a través de diferentes conteos de incidencia (porcentaje y severidad (lesiones cm-2, urédias cm-2 y porcentaje en folíolos. Las regresiones realizadas, presentaron una correlación significativa entre incidencia y severidad a 1% de probabilidad. Con los datos obtenidos, el evaluador puede escoger el método de cuantificación mas razonable o confiable a su criterio para otros trabajos de investigación o aplicar un determinado control de la enfermedad, utilizando las ecuaciones lineales generadas, facilitando el trabajo de cuantificar la roya asiática, bien se busque medir la incidencia (% o el número de lesiones cm-2, urédias cm-2 o severidad (%.Incidence is related to severity of the Asian soybean rust, where values generated by the equations can be used in any study of this pathosystem, providing a tool to evaluate incidence as well severity. Gradients of the disease were generated by means of the use of fungicides and moments of application, in a preventive and curative way. The field experiment with the cultivar Nidera RG 5909, was distributed in a randomized complete block. The intensity of Asian rust layers was measured in the lower, middle and top of the plant, through various counts of incidence (percentage and severity (lesions cm-2, uredinia cm-2 and percentage in leaflets. The regressions showed a significant correlation between

  16. Asian rust and soybean productivity under potassium fertilization and fungicide, in the 2007/08 CropseasonFerrugem asiática e produtividade da soja sob doses de potássio e fungicida, na safra 2007/08

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Maria Arruda Bacchi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Potassium has a major impact on plant diseases. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of potassium fertilization with and without fungicide sprays on asian soybean rust incidence and severity, in Dourados – MS, Brazil, in the 2007/08 cropseason. The experiment was lead in Oxisol (Typic Haplustox, cultivated on no-tillage system on corn mulching. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with six replications, and treatments arranged in split-plots (plots – five K2O rates (0; 40; 80; 120 and 160 kg ha-1 using as fertilizer the potassium chloride (KCl and subplots (presence and absence of fungicide sprays with azoxystrobin+ciproconazole. The incidence and severity of asian soybean rust, yield and 100 grains weight were analyzed. Fungicide application was essential for asian soybean rust control resulting in yield increase as well as weight of 100 grains. Without chemical protection yield was reduced in 22% (574.1 kg ha-1, and the weight of 100 grains decreased 18.6%. The rate of 80 kg ha-1 K2O associated with fungicide application was promising to reduce the deleterious effects of asian soybean rust considering the incidence in the middle portion and the upper third of the plants and severity in the upper third of the soybean plants.O potássio é citado como um dos nutrientes que exerce maior influência sobre as doenças de plantas. Assim, objetivou-se com essa pesquisa avaliar o efeito da adubação potássica, sobre a incidência e severidade da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da cultura da soja, na região de Dourados-MS na safra 2007/08, com e sem fungicida. O experimento foi implantado num Latossolo Vermelho Distroférrico, cultivado em sistema de semeadura direta sobre palhada de milho. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi em blocos completos casualizados, com seis repetições onde os tratamentos foram alocados em parcelas subdivididas (parcelas – cinco doses de K2O (0; 40; 80; 120 e

  17. Duração e porcentagem de molhamento foliar determinados pelo espaçamento entrelinhas, e influência sobre a ferrugem asiática da soja

    OpenAIRE

    Igarashi,Wagner Teigi; Silva,Marcelo Augusto de Aguiar e; Igarashi,Seiji; Abi Saab,Otávio Jorge Grigoli; França,José Alexandre de

    2014-01-01

    A ferrugem asiática da soja causada pelo fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi, é a doença de maior virulência e rápida disseminação da cultura no Brasil. Para que haja a infecção nas plantas são necessárias condições ambientais favoráveis, principalmente molhamento foliar quantificado pela duração do período de molhamento (DPM). Alterações no espaçamento entrelinhas de cultivo podem modificar a DPM. Este trabalho teve como objetivo verificar o efeito da utilização de dois espaçamentos entrelinhas sobr...

  18. Selection strategies of segregant soybean populations for resistance to Asian rust Estratégias de seleção de populações segregantes de soja para resistência à ferrugem-asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliny Simony Ribeiro

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify the best selection strategies for the more promising parental combinations to obtain lines with good resistance to soybean Asian rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Two experiments were carried out in the field during the 2006/2007 and 2007/2008 growing seasons, to determine the percentage of infected leaf area of individual plants of five parents and their segregant F2 and F3 populations. The data obtained indicates that additive genetic variance predominates in the control of soybean resistance to Asian rust, and that the year and time of assessment do not significantly influence the estimates of the genetic parameters obtained. The narrow-sense heritability (h²r ranged from 23.12 to 55.83%, and indicates the possibility of successful selection of resistant individuals in the early generations of the breeding program. All the procedures used to select the most promising populations to generate superior inbred lines for resistance to P. pachyrhizi presented similar results and identified the BR01-18437 x BRS 232 population as the best for inbred line selection.O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as estratégias mais eficientes para selecionar as combinações parentais mais promissoras e obter linhas com bom grau de resistência à ferrugem-asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Dois experimentos foram realizados em campo nos anos agrícolas 2006/2007 e 2007/2008, para avaliar a percentagem da área foliar infectada em plantas individuais de cinco parentais e das suas populações segregantes F2 e F3. Os dados obtidos indicam que a variância genética aditiva predomina no controle da resistência da soja à ferrugem-asiática e que os anos e as épocas de avaliação não influenciaram significativamente as estimativas dos parâmetros genéticos obtidos. A herdabilidade no sentido restrito (h²r variou de 23,12 a 55,83%, o que indica a possibilidade de sucesso com a seleção de indiv

  19. ASI-Sistema Rischio Vulcanico SRV: a pilot project to develop EO data processing modules and products for volcanic activity monitoring based on Italian Civil Protection Department requirements and needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buongiorno, Maria Fabrizia; Musacchio, Massimo; Silvestri, Malvina; Spinetti, Claudia; Corradini, Stefano; Lombardo, Valerio; Merucci, Luca; Sansosti, Eugenio; Pugnagli, Sergio; Teggi, Sergio; Pace, Gaetano; Fermi, Marco; Zoffoli, Simona

    2007-10-01

    The Project called Sistema Rischio Vulcanico (SRV) is funded by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) in the frame of the National Space Plan 2003-2005 under the Earth Observations section for natural risks management. The SRV Project is coordinated by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) which is responsible at national level for the volcanic monitoring. The objective of the project is to develop a pre-operative system based on EO data and ground measurements integration to support the volcanic risk monitoring of the Italian Civil Protection Department which requirements and need are well integrated in the GMES Emergency Core Services program. The project philosophy is to implement, by incremental versions, specific modules which allow to process, store and visualize through Web GIS tools EO derived parameters considering three activity phases: 1) knowledge and prevention; 2) crisis; 3) post crisis. In order to combine effectively the EO data and the ground networks measurements the system will implement a multi-parametric analysis tool, which represents and unique tool to analyze contemporaneously a large data set of data in "near real time". The SRV project will be tested his operational capabilities on three Italian Volcanoes: Etna,Vesuvio and Campi Flegrei.

  20. Desigualdade social, crescimento urbano e hanseníase em Manaus: abordagem espacial Desigualdad social, crecimiento urbano y hanseníasis en Manaus (Norte de Brasil: abordaje espacial Social inequality, urban growth and leprosy in Manaus: a spatial approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsia Nascimento Belo Imbiriba

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a epidemiologia de hanseníase segundo a distribuição espacial e condições de vida da população. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico baseado na espacialização da hanseníase em Manaus (AM, entre 1998 e 2004. Os 4.104 casos obtidos do Sistema de Informações de Agravos de Notificação foram georreferenciados de acordo com a localização dos endereços em 1.536 setores censitários urbanos, por meio de quatro técnicas: correios (73,7% dos endereços encontrados; Programa de Cadastro de Logradouros (7,3%; Programa Saúde da Família (2,1% e folhas de coleta do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (1,5%. Para cálculo do coeficiente de detecção utilizou a população de 2001. Na análise espacial foi aplicado o método bayesiano empírico local para produzir uma estimativa do risco da hanseníase, suavizando o efeito da flutuação das taxas, quando calculadas para pequenas áreas. Para análise da associação entre espacialização e fatores de risco empregou-se a regressão logística, tendo como variáveis explicativas a ocorrência de casos em menores de 15 anos (indicador de gravidade e o Índice de Carência Social construído a partir das variáveis do Censo 2000. RESULTADOS: O coeficiente de detecção apresentou-se hiperendêmico em 34,0% dos setores e muito alto em 26,7%. A medida de associação (odds ratio referente às variáveis explicativas foi significativa. A combinação de baixa condição de vida e ocorrência em menores de 15 anos foi adotada para identificar as áreas prioritárias para intervenção. CONCLUSÕES: A análise espacial da hanseníase mostrou que a distribuição da doença é heterogênea, atingindo mais intensamente as regiões habitadas por grupos em situação de maior vulnerabilidade.OBJETIVO: Analizar la epidemiología de hanseníasis según la distribución espacial y condiciones de vida de la población. MÉTODOS: Estudio ecológico basado en la especialización de la

  1. Controle da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da soja após pulverizações de piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole em diferentes estádios fenológicos da cultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Henrique Ferreira do Amaral Dal Pogetto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliado o desenvolvimento da ferrugem asiática e da produtividade da cultura da soja em razão de pulverizações fungicidas realizadas em diferentes estádios fenológicos da cultura. Os tratamentos consistiram na pulverização da mistura fungicida piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole no estádio fenológico V10 e R2; R2 e R5.2; apenas em R2; sem pulverização (testemunha. Os valores da AACPD total (área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença e da produtividade da cultura da soja nos tratamentos com pulverização fungicida foram superiores ao tratamento testemunha. Até o 117º dia após a emergência das plantas, a aplicação de fungicida em V10 e R2 promoveu maior controle da ferrugem. Os resultados evidenciaram que a pulverização fungicida contra P. pachyrhizi é indispensável para diminuir as perdas na produtividade provocadas pela doença e que, em algumas situações, apenas uma pulverização fungicida no estádio R2 pode reduzir perdas significativas na produtividade.

  2. Efeito do número de aplicações de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja = Effect of the number of fungicide applications on the control of Asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Bandeira Barros

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do número de aplicações foliares de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática, em cultivares de soja. O experimento foi conduzido na safra de 2003/04, em Viçosa, Estado de Minas Gerais. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram: testemunha sem aplicação, uma aplicação realizada no estádio R5, duas aplicações (R4 e R6 e três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6, utilizando-se a mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole e carbendazin. Após a analise de variância e teste de médias, verificaram-se reduções significativas de 91,6 e 97,5% naseveridade de ferrugem asiática e de 100 e 86,8% na porcentagem de desfolha, no tratamento de três aplicações (R4, R5 e R6 da mistura dos fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, nas cultivares Vencedora e Conquista, respectivamente. Houve retardamento do ciclo, redução na porcentagem de abortamento de vagens e aumento no massa de 100 sementes nos tratamentos com aplicações de fungicidas em ambas as variedades. Altas produtividades foram obtidas nos tratamentos com três aplicações da mistura de fungicidas (pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, não sendo, entretanto, verificadas diferenças significativas entre os tratamentos com uma, duas ou três aplicações do fungicida carbendazin.This work aimed to evaluate the effect of the number of leafapplications of fungicides on the control of the Asian soybean rust. The experiment was carried out at the 2003/04 cropping season, in Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experimental design was a randomized block design, consisting of four replicates. The following treatments: control without application, one application at stage R5; two applications at R4 and R6; and three applications at R4, R5 and R6. The fungicides pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole and carbendazin. After it analyzes her of variance and test of averages, it was

  3. Influência de pontas de pulverização e adjuvante no controle químico da ferrugem asiática da soja =Spray nozzle and adjuvant effects on the chemical control of soybean Asian rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Arantes Rodrigues da Cunha

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo otimizar o controle químico da ferrugem asiática da soja, avaliando a deposição de fungicida no dossel da cultura ao utilizar diferentes pontas de pulverização, em dois volumes de calda, com e sem a adição de adjuvante à calda. O ensaio foi conduzido no delineamento em blocos casualizado, comquatro repetições, em esquema fatorial (3 x 2 x 2: três tipos de ponta de pulverização (jato plano defletor, jato plano duplo e jato plano duplo com indução de ar, dois volumes de calda (200 e 250 L ha-1 e presença ou ausência do adjuvante dodecil benzeno. A cultivar de soja M-SOY 8001 foi semeada diretamente. Após a aplicação dofungicida composto pela combinação de 200 g de azoxistrobina + 80 g de ciproconazol por litro, na dose de 0,3 L ha-1, avaliou-se a deposição de calda no dossel da cultura, a severidade da ferrugem, a massa de 1.000 grãos e a produtividade. Concluiu-se que as pontas de jato plano defletor e jato plano duplo apresentaram-se superiores à ponta de jato plano duplo com indução de ar quanto a produtividade. O uso do adjuvante testado resultou em maior densidade de gotas nos terços superior e médio do dossel e maior produtividade. O aumento do volume de calda de 200 para 250 L ha-1 não proporcionou melhor controle da ferrugem asiática e ganho de produtividade.This study aimed to optimize the chemical control of soybean Asian rust through the evaluation of fungicide deposition on the canopy with the use of different spray nozzles and spray volumes, in the presence or not of an adjuvant. A randomized complete-block design with four replications was adopted, in a factorial model (3 x 2 x 2: three spray nozzles (turbo flat fan, twin flat fan, and twin flat fan with air induction and two spray volumes (200 and 250 L ha-1, with and without the use of dodecylbenzene adjuvant. Soybean cv. M-SOY 8001 was sown in no-tillage plots. After application of the fungicide, composed by a

  4. A refletância na estimativa do efeito de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja The reflectance in the estimate of the effect of fungicides in the control of asian soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre José da Silva

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Medidas de refletância têm apresentado resultados eficientes para avaliar a eficiência de fungicidas, além de ser um método prático e rápido. O objetivo do trabalho foi comparar medidas de refletância com o método de avaliação visual para avaliar a eficiência de fungicidas no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja e quantificar a relação com a produtividade. O ensaio foi instalado na Fazenda Escola da UEL, cv. BRS 133, em delineamento de blocos ao acaso com 07 diferentes fungicidas, em 04 repetições. Foram realizadas duas pulverizações, sendo a 1º no estádio R2 (3% de severidade e a segunda em R5.1, 20 dias após. Avaliou-se visualmente a severidade de ferrugem asiática e calculou-se a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD. Também, avaliou-se a produtividade final e a percentagem de radiação solar em 810 nm (R810 com o uso de radiômetro de multiespectro e calculou-se a área abaixo da curva de progresso da radiação (AACPR. O coeficiente de determinação (R2 para regressão entre as variáveis AACPD x produtividade foi 0,79, entre AACPR x produtividade foi 0,90 e AACPD x AACPR foi 0,89. A utilização de refletância (R810 permitiu a separação dos tratamentos fungicidas em três grupos distintos, sendo epoxiconazol com menor eficiência, metconazol, tebuconazol e piraclostrobina + epoxiconazol foram classificados como intermediários e os mais eficientes foram, azoxistrobina + ciproconazol e picoxistrobina + ciproconazol.Measurement of reflectance has been shown an efficient, pratical and quick method to evaluate the efficiency of fungicides, in disease control. The objective of the work was to compare the use of reflectance measurement with visual disease assessment method to evaluate the efficiency of fungicides for the controlling Asian soybean rust relating the assessment data with yield. The assay was carried out in the Farm School of UEL, with the soybean cv. BRS 133, in randomized block design

  5. Les défis du secteur de l’énergie en Europe de l’Est et en Asie centrale : une évaluation de 18 ans de coopération économique suisse

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    Guy Bonvin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Secrétariat d’Etat à l’économie (SECO suisse travaille depuis 1992 dans les secteurs de l’énergie d’Europe de l’Est et d’Asie centrale, où il a financé 41 projets pour un total de 316 millions CHF. En 2009, une évaluation indépendante a été commandée afin d’établir les effets de ces projets dans la région et d’en tirer des enseignements pour le financement de projets ultérieurs. Le rapport d’évaluation estime que les projets sont très satisfaisants en termes de pertinence ; satisfaisants en termes d’efficacité et de durabilité ; et, en raison de facteurs externes liés à la gouvernance, à la transparence et à la stabilité politique dans certains des pays, généralement peu satisfaisants en termes d’efficience. Les enseignements tirés des projets fructueux serviront à améliorer les interventions futures. Les gouvernements disposent de moyens financiers limités et tentent de trouver un équilibre entre la sécurité énergétique et la durabilité environnementale. Le SECO soutiendra cette mission en contribuant à réduire la consommation inefficiente, à augmenter la part des énergies renouvelables, à renforcer la durabilité des entreprises de service public et à élaborer des politiques énergétiques efficaces.

  6. L’anglicité dans la fiction de l’Asie du sud-est : les exemples de Paul Theroux et de Yasmine Gooneratne Englishness in South-East Asian Fiction: the Cases of Paul Theroux and Yasmine Gooneratne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüdiger Ahrens

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available De nos jours, la notion d’anglicité est devenue cruciale tant pour le Royaume-Uni que pour les nombreux pays du monde, dans lesquels vivent des citoyens libres et indépendants, qui participent à sa définition. La relation à la culture anglophone, en particulier en Asie, est le produit de l’histoire, et les relations politiques qu’entretiennent les pays indépendants avec l’ancienne métropole se déclinent de façon extrêmement variée, tant dans leur relation à la langue anglaise en tant que moyen de communication que dans la notion d’ethnicité. Le roman de Paul Theroux, Kowloon Tong (1998, en est un bon exemple. Il explore les conséquences du retrait brutal et affligeant d’une compagnie de textile anglais lors de la cession de Hong Kong à la Chine en 1997. Alliant les genres du roman historique, détective et sentimental, il met en scène l’opposition entre les valeurs traditionnelles britanniques qui se retirent et celles de la nouvelle classe dominante chinoise. Yasmine Gooneratne, écrivain du Sri Lanka, insiste, elle aussi, sur les conflits culturels, soit en s’inspirant du thème de son propre déplacement de Colombo à Sydney, en opposant au tourisme de masse les formes enchanteresses du folklore d’autrefois, ou encore en proposant une rencontre entre un riche héritage colonial et l’indépendance toute récente du Sri Lanka des années cinquante et soixante. Ainsi se creuse chez les écrivains contemporains une distance grandissante vis-à-vis de ce que furent au cours des siècles passés les valeurs incontestées de l’anglicité.

  7. Epidemias de ferrugem asiática no Rio Grande do Sul explicadas pelo fenômeno ENOS e pela incidência da doença na entressafra

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    Claudinei Antonio Minchio

    Full Text Available RESUMO Estudou-se a interferência da variabilidade da variabilidade climática e do número de relatos de ferrugem asiática na entressafra sobre a epidemia da doença no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, durante 11 safras agrícolas. A ocorrência da doença foi obtida a partir de relatos apresentados no Consórcio Antiferrugem e dividida entre os períodos “Safra”, “Entressafra” e “Ano Todo”. Os dados das epidemias foram testados para correlação, via regressões polinomiais lineares e quadráticas, com as variáveis climáticas: precipitação pluvial, índice padronizado de precipitação - SPI, índice de oscilação sul - IOS e anomalia da Temperatura na Superfície do Mar - SST no Oceano Pacífico Tropical e número de ocorrências da doença no período de entressafra. Os índices que melhor explicaram a variação das ocorrências da doença para o período “Ano Todo” foram o SST e IOS, com coeficientes de determinação (R2 de 0,94 e 0,59, respectivamente. As ocorrências de ferrugem no período “Entressafra” influenciaram positivamente nas ocorrências no período “Safra”.

  8. Enzimas marcadoras de indução de resistência diferencialmente reguladas em soja resistente e suscetível à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja

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    Hebréia Oliveira Almeida

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, por meio de enzimas marcadoras, a indução de resistência à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja em genótipos de soja contrastantes quanto à suscetibilidade a Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Aproteína total e as atividades de cinco enzimas marcadoras da indução de resistência (lipoxigenases, peroxidases, fenilalanina amônia-liase, quitinases e β-1, 3-glucanases foram avaliadas em extratos de folhas de plantas de soja dos genótipos Embrapa 48 (suscetível e PI 561356 (resistente, submetidas à inoculação ou não com o patógeno. Foram observadas respostas de defesa discrepantes entre os dois genótipos e entre os tempos de coleta (12, 72 e 168 horas após inoculação. A resposta de indução dessas enzimas assemelha-se à defesa bifásica, para Embrapa 48, e é consistente com o observado para outros patossistemas. No entanto, o genótipo PI 561356 respondeu com diminuição da concentração de proteína total e das atividades enzimáticas, o que indica redução do metabolismo geral das plantas infectadas. Há um importante mecanismo de resistência do genótipo PI 561356, ainda não relatado, embasado em vias que envolvem essas enzimas marcadoras e em mecanismos que utilizam menor concentração de proteínas, como os de via metabólica de resposta em cascata.

  9. Nové počasie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cílek, Václav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 2015, č. 1 (2015), s. 7-11 ISSN 1335-4000 Institutional support: RVO:67985831 Keywords : weather * climate changes * climatic extremes * environment * solar activity * atmosphere * greenhouse effect * ocean currents * temperature * Arctic oscillation * jet stream * floods * magnetic field * global warming Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology

  10. Pemberian ASI Segera pada Bayi Baru Lahir

    OpenAIRE

    Amalia, Linda; Yovsyah, Yovsyah

    2009-01-01

    Infant Mortality Rate in Indonesia is the highest in ASEAN with Acute Respiratory Tract Infection and diarrhea as major causes of death. One mean of prevention is by providing breastmilk appropriately including immediate breastfeeding within the first 30 minutes after birth. Immediate breastfeeding could help maintain prolactin hormone level and prevent prelacteal feeding. This study aims ait describing the situation and determinants of immediate breastfeeding among newborn infants in Cianjur...

  11. Multifunctional a-Si PV systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peippo, K.; Lund, P.; Vartiainen, E. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Advanced Energy Systems

    1998-10-01

    The optimal use of the various forms of solar energy (passive, active, daylighting, photovoltaics) in buildings calls for an optimal integration of the technologies. As energy conservation potential in space heating may soon be exhausted, electricity efficiency and on-site generation will play an increasing role in energy-conscious building design. There, dispersed PV systems integrated into buildings show a significant market potential, due to a number of benefits: no extra land area is required, PV-array may replace conventional cladding materials and become a building element. Moreover, the produced PV-electricity is more valuable for the building owner than for an electric utility

  12. Asi on otsustatud / [Sildnik, Sven] Kivisildnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivisildnik, pseud., 1964-

    2007-01-01

    18. märtsil 2007 kehtima hakanud UNESCO kultuuri väljendusvormide mitmekesisuse kaitse ja edendamise konventsioonist (Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions)

  13. Migration transnationale des Vietnamiennes en Asie | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Souvent, cependant, les pays d'origine ne disposent pas des politiques ni des lois ayant force exécutoire qui permettraient d'assurer des pratiques d'embauche ... Women's movements in India are struggling to address problems arising from rapidly changing social relations and vulnerabilities associated with, among other ...

  14. Islam et nationalisme en Asie centrale au début de la période soviétique (1924-1937. L'exemple de l'Ouzbékistan, à travers quelques sources littéraires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane A. Dudoignon

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available L'article étudie les littératures d'Asie centrale dans l'entre-deux-guerres comme source pour l'histoire politique de cette région, en particulier du point de vue des relations intercommunautaires, à l'intérieur de l'URSS comme en direction du monde islamique. La période s'ouvre en 1924 avec le découpage ethno-territorial de l'Asie centrale, sous l'égide de Staline, et se clôt en 1936 avec les grandes purges et la liquidation de toute pensée alternative. La littérature ouzbèque de ces années éclaire la permanence d'une identité politique turco-islamique, la redéfinition des relations intercommunautaires (entre musulmans et non-musulmans et, d'une manière plus générale, la revitalisation du libéralisme musulman. Ces questions seront abordées à travers l'œuvre en prose de Čulpân (1897-1938, laquelle, de 1924 à sa mort, est dominée par deux idées centrales : celle d'une solidarité politique des peuples turcs et musulmans de l'ex-Empire russe, et celle d'une continuation par le régime soviétique, en Asie centrale, de la politique de spoliation territoriale et de ségrégation économique menée par l'administration coloniale sous les derniers Romanov.

  15. Controle integrado da ferrugem asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi com o fungicida fluquinconazole aplicado nas sementes em associação com outros fungicidas pulverizados na parte aérea da cultura

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    Augusto César Pereira Goulart

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o controle da ferrugem asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi pela integração do tratamento de sementes com o fungicida fluquinconazole e a pulverização de fungicidas na parte aérea da cultura. Dois ensaios foram instalados na safra 2006/07, um em Dourados, MS, usando sementes de soja da cv. BRS 245 RR e o outro em Paulínia, SP com a cv. CD 208. Foram avaliados a severidade da doença, a desfolha e o rendimento de grãos. O delineamento experimental usado foi o de blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições, em arranjo fatorial 2x5, com dois tratamentos de semente, com e sem fluquinconazole, e cinco combinações de misturas de fungicidas aplicadas na parte aérea da soja. Os resultados observados nestes ensaios mostraram que a adição do fluquinconazole ao tratamento de sementes padrão na cultura da soja, sem considerar a aplicação de fungicidas na parte aérea da cultura, atrasou a evolução da ferrugem da soja, apresentando diferença significativa com o tratamento de sementes padrão sem o fluquinconazole, em relação à severidade e desfolha, o que não ocorreu com relação ao rendimento de grãos. Considerando a integração entre o tratamento de sementes com fluquinconazole e os fungicidas aplicados na parte aérea da soja, na maioria das avaliações de severidade da ferrugem e de desfolha, bem como em relação ao rendimento de grãos da cultura, não foi observada interação significativa entre estas duas práticas. As aplicações foliares de fungicidas foram eficientes para o controle da ferrugem da soja, proporcionando menores níveis de severidade e de desfolha, o que refletiu de forma positiva no rendimento de grãos da cultura, em comparação com a testemunha não tratada. Não foram observados efeitos fitotóxicos nas plantas de soja decorrentes da utilização do fungicida fluquinconazole nas sementes.

  16. Dois padrões de política cambial: América Latina e Sudeste Asiático Patterns of exchange rate policy: East Asia versus Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Gala

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Vários trabalhos empíricos têm encontrado uma relação negativa entre desalinhamento cambial e crescimento econômico para uma longa série de países nos últimos trinta anos; quanto mais depreciada a taxa de câmbio, maiores as taxas de crescimento. Nessa literatura, um tema recorrente é a relativa depreciação das moedas asiáticas quando comparadas às moedas latino-americanas e africanas. Nos diversos estudos, surge o resultado de maior depreciação para a Ásia, no que parece constituir um padrão de comportamento dos níveis de taxa de câmbio real para essa região. Com o objetivo de contribuir para a discussão, este trabalho compara a evolução dos níveis de taxas de câmbio reais para países da Ásia e América Latina no período 1970-1999. Discute aspectos do manejo cambial de alguns dos principais países dessas duas regiões e apresenta considerações sobre o papel da política cambial no processo de desenvolvimento destas duas macro-regiões.Some authors argue in favor of a real exchange rate targeting strategy for developing countries in what could be called a development approach to exchange rates. According to the argument, relatively undervalued exchange rates have been a key factor in most East and Southeast Asian successful growth strategies. Following this so-called development approach, the objective of the paper is to compare the path of exchange rate levels in Asia and Latin America from 1970 to 1999. The work reviews some aspects of exchange rate management for some countries in those regions based on several case studies. It also presents an evolution of real exchange rate levels for a set of 20 countries based on World Bank data and on an index of exchange rate distortion.

  17. PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN FRUKTO-OLIGOSAKARIDA (FOS PADA MP-ASI TERHADAP KEJADIAN DIARE DAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI UMUR 6-12 BULAN (Studi eksperimen lapangan di Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunarno Ranu Widjojo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available THE EFFECT OF FOS SUPPLEMENTATION TO COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING IN DIARRHEA CASES AND GROWTH IN BABY 6-12 MONTH The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of adding fructo oligosaccharides (FOS to complementary foods on the frequency and duration of diarrheal episodes and physical growth of 6-12 month old infants. The study was a double-blind randomized controlled trial carried out in the District of Bogor, Indonesia in 2004. Enrollees were 6-month old infants. Subjects were allocated to one of three study groups: Group FOS 4.0 received complementary food (CF with 4.0% FOS added, Group FOS 3.2 received CF with 3.2% FOS, and Group FOS 0.0 received CF with no FOS. Infants received CF daily during the 6-month duration of the study. Among 192 infants enrolled, 163 had complete data for analysis. The results of the analysis on the cumulative number of general episode of diarrhea showed that only the FOS 3.2 group had significantly fewer episodes than the FOS 0.0 group with 1.10±1.30 episode and 1.73±1.90 episode respectively (p=0,02. Analysis on the number of episodes with <=2 days of duration of diarrhea showed both FOS 4.0 and FOS 3.2 groups had significantly fewer episodes than the FOS 0.0 group, with 0,62+0,97 for the FOS 4.0 group, 0,62±1,17 for the FOS 3.2 group, and 1,21±1,59 for the FOS 0.0 group (P<=0,02. The significant effect of FOS appeared after 4 months of intervention and continued up to 12 months of age. The analysis showed no significant effect of FOS on the cumulative duration of diarrhea and on the physical growth of the babies. Keywords: babies, MP-ASI, FOS, diarrhea, and physical growth

  18. Duração e porcentagem de molhamento foliar determinados pelo espaçamento entrelinhas, e influência sobre a ferrugem asiática da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagner Teigi Igarashi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A ferrugem asiática da soja causada pelo fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi, é a doença de maior virulência e rápida disseminação da cultura no Brasil. Para que haja a infecção nas plantas são necessárias condições ambientais favoráveis, principalmente molhamento foliar quantificado pela duração do período de molhamento (DPM. Alterações no espaçamento entrelinhas de cultivo podem modificar a DPM. Este trabalho teve como objetivo verificar o efeito da utilização de dois espaçamentos entrelinhas sobre a duração e porcentagem do molhamento foliar, e a influência sobre a infecção inicial e desenvolvimento da doença. O experimento foi conduzido nas safras 2011/2012 e 2012/2013 na fazenda da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (23º34' S / 51º21' W, onde foram instalados coletores de esporo SIGA para identificar os uredósporos da P. pachyrhizi. Para quantificar a DPM e sua porcentagem foram utilizadas Árvores Eletrônicas de Molhamento, com sensores em três alturas (0,9m; 0,6m; 0,3m, nos espaçamentos entrelinhas de 0,45 e 0,8 m. Nas safras avaliadas foram detectados uredósporos da P. pachyrhizi antes do aparecimento dos primeiros sintomas. Foram necessárias cerca de 6 h de DPM acima 50% para que houvesse a infecção e manifestação dos sintomas de ferrugem. Foram detectadas 2 h a mais de DPM acima de 50% no terço médio (0,6 m no espaçamento de 0,45 m em relação ao de 0,8 m em ambas as safras, no entanto não houve diferenciação na severidade entre os espaçamentos. A maior quantidade de uredósporos detectados e o volume de chuva podem explicar a maior severidade final de ferrugem na safra 2012/2013.

  19. Análisis de la influencia de los organismos adscritos a la organización de naciones unidas (UNICEF- ECPAT) en la solución de la problemática de la trata de niños en el sudeste asiático continental. periodo 2000-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Granada Brito, Juliana

    2014-01-01

    La trata de niños es un fenómeno cada vez más relevante en el sistema internacional y ha generado importantes esfuerzos de cooperación de agencias internacionales como UNICEF y ECPAT. En ese sentido, ambos organismos han enfocado su actividad en las regiones donde se han registrado los mayores índices de violación de los Derechos Humanos. Este Estudio de Caso se ha centrado en el Sudeste Asiático continental conformado por Tailandia, Laos, Camboya, Vietnam, Singapur, Myanmar y Malasia; con ...

  20. Sistemas de explotação de seringueira utilizados em clones asiáticos Prang Besar no Oeste paulista Rubber tree exploitation systems utilized in asian clones Prang Besar, in the West of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Juliano Quarteroli Silva

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho produtivo e os aspectos fisiológicos e econômicos de quatro clones asiáticos Prang Besar de seringueira [Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss. Muell. Arg.], sob diferentes sistemas de sangria. O experimento foi instalado na Fazenda Santa Gilda, Município de Guararapes, SP, em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com parcelas subdivididas no tempo. Os tratamentos principais foram os clones PB 260, PB 235, PB 330 e PB 217, submetidos a nove sistemas de sangria: ½S d/3.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/3.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 2,5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y e ½S d/2 (testemunha. As variáveis avaliadas foram: perímetro do caule, produção de borracha seca, secamento do painel; foi avaliada, também, a viabilidade econômica. Os resultados mostram a superioridade econômica dos sistemas ½S d/5.ET 2,5% 8/y e ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y, para o clone PB 260; ½S d/7.ET 2,5% 8/y para o clone PB 235; e ½S d/3.ET 2,5% 8/y e ½S d/3.ET 5% 8/y, para os clones PB 330 e PB 217, comparados com a testemunha. A menor incidência de secamento do painel foi observada no sistema ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y, exceto para o clone PB 235.The objective of this work was to evaluate the yield performance, and economic and physiologic aspects of four Asian clones Prang Besar of rubber tree [Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss. Muell. Arg.], in different tapping systems. The trial was placed at Santa Gilda farm, City of Guararapes, São Paulo State, Brazil, in a randomized block design with split-plot in time. The main treatments were PB 260, PB 235, PB 330 and PB 217 clones submitted to nine systems of tapping: ½S d/3.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/3.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/4.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/5.ET 5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 2.5% 8/y; ½S d/7.ET 5% 8/y and ½S d/2 (check. The variables evaluated were: girth increment, dry rubber production, brown bast; it

  1. Infecção por clonorchis sinensis em imigrantes asiáticos no Brasil: tratamento com praziquantel Clonorchis sinensis infection in asian immigrants in Brazil: treatment with praziquantel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. H. M. Leite

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudaram-se quinze pacientes com infecção assintomática por Clonorchis sinensis, revelada através de exame parasitológico de fezes. Todos eram de origem asiática e procuraram o Laboratório Central do Instituto Adolfo Lutz para se submeterem a exames laboratoriais necessários à regularização de sua situação, face à nova legislação sobre imigrantes. Eram todos indivíduos adultos, seis pertencendo ao sexo feminino e nove ao masculino. Os quinze pacientes com clonorquíase foram internados no Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP e tratados com Praziquantel, na dosagem de 60 mg/kg de peso corporal, dividida em duas tomadas. Foram realizados exames coprológicos quantitativos (método de Kato-Katz, antes do tratamento específico e no 15º, 30º e 60º dias após a terapêutica. Na última avaliação (60? dia após terapêutica, em nove pacientes (60,0% não se encontraram ovos do trematódeo nas fezes e nos seis (40,0%, que continuavam eliminando ovos, notou-se redução na quantidade eliminada (superior a 90% em cinco e a 30% no paciente restante. Os pacientes foram também submetidos a exames subsidiários, para avaliação do estado geral e função hepática, antes da administração de Praziquantel e, posteriormente, no seguimento ambulatorial. A medicação foi relativamente bem tolerada pelos pacientes, verificando-se a ocorrência de efeitos colaterais representados por náuseas e vômitos (dois casos, vertigens e tonturas (dois casos, epigastralgia (dois casos e diarréia no 3? dia após tratamento (um caso.Fifteen adult patients with assymptomatic infection due to Clonorchis sinensis, diagnosed by coprological examination, were studied. They all came from Asia (twelve from Taiwan, two from South Korea and one from Hong Kong and were examined at the Adolfo Lutz Institute and the Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, in São Paulo, Brazil. Six patients were women and nine men. All

  2. Une histoire impériale connectée ? Hải Phòng : jalon d’une stratégie lyonnaise en Asie orientale (1881-1886

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    Jean-François Klein

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans la seconde moitié du xixe siècle, les milieux d’affaires lyonnais liés à l’industrie de la soie – les Soyeux – réussissent à ravir aux Britanniques le marché des soies d’Asie (Bengale, Chine et Japon. Dans un premier temps, sous la Monarchie de Juillet et le Second Empire (de 1843 à 1870, ils mettent en place une route française des soies asiatiques, système complexe alliant maisons de commerce, banques, entrepôts, infrastructures portuaires et ferroviaires. Afin de renforcer leur avance – et dans un contexte de tensions économiques majeures liées à la récession de la fin du xixe siècle – les Soyeux vont jeter leur dévolu sur le Tonkin, vu comme une porte ouverte sur les marchés pensés comme fabuleux du Yunnan et du Sichuan. Ces libéraux, regroupés autour de meneurs d’hommes charismatiques (Aynard et Pila vont entrer par capitaux interposés dans une logique de repli impérial qui succède à la logique du tout ouverture internationale des lendemains du traité de libre-échange de 1860. Dans les logiques – à la fois politiques et économiques – des Soyeux, le Tonkin apparaît comme une pièce maîtresse dans la partie de poker qui les oppose à leurs partenaires Britanniques dans ce « scramble » indochinois de cette fin de siècle, pendant asiatique de la course au Nil. Au cœur de cette stratégie impériale des Soyeux, le port d’Hải Phòng devient un enjeu majeur, un lieu où s’entrecroise la trame des capitaux et la chaine des réseaux de ces hommes d’affaires qui n’ignoraient rien des subtilités des us commerciaux particuliers de la mer de Chine.During the second half of the 19th century, the Silk businessmen of Lyon succeeded in wrestling the Asian silk markets (Bengal, China, and Japan from the British. At first, under the July Monarchy and the Second Empire (from 1843 to 1870, they created a French route for Asian silks, a complex system linking mercantile houses

  3. Análise multivariada dos componentes da resistência à ferrugem-asiática em genótipos de soja Multivariate analysis of resistance components to Asian rust in soybean genotypes

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    Lucimara Junko Koga

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi detalhar os ciclos de infecção da Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd. em genótipos de soja, para o estabelecimento de grupos de genótipos mais promissores para o uso como fontes de resistência à ferrugem. Os componentes do ciclo de infecção foram quantificados em 48 genótipos. Foram avaliados: tipo de lesão, intensidade de esporulação, severidade, número de lesões e de urédias e produtividade de urediniósporos. Pela análise de agrupamentos, formaram-se quatro grupos: A - desenvolveu a maior quantidade de doença; B - desenvolveu a menor quantidade de doença; C - baixa resistência inicial e D - alta resistência inicial. Os genótipos dos grupos B, C e D apresentaram lesões RB ("redish-brown" e variaram quanto à resistência inicial, resistência tardia, intensidade de esporulação, estabilidade da resposta qualitativa, produtividade de urediniósporos e número de dias para atingir 50% da severidade máxima. Entre as variáveis analisadas, as que apresentaram importância prática foram as avaliações das respostas qualitativas e as de severidade. Esta última reflete os efeitos combinados de resistência sobre todos os componentes da infecção e apresentam importância prática na diferenciação de genótipos, quanto à resistência à doença. Os genótipos dos grupos B, C e D manifestaram resistência qualitativa e quantitativa, em diferentes graus, e promissores para serem utilizados como fontes de genes de resistência à ferrugem-asiática-da-soja.The objective of this study was to detail the infection cycles of Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd. in soybean genotypes, in order to establish a group of the most promising genotypes for use as sources of resistance to Asian soybean rust. The infection cycle components were quantified in 48 genotypes. The assessments consisted of: type of lesion, intensity of sporulation, severity, number of lesions and uredinias, and productivity of

  4. Óleos essenciais no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd. Essential oils used in the control of asian soybean rust Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd.

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    Regiane Medice

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o potencial de óleos essenciais na inibição da germinação de urediniósporos de Phakopsora pachyrhizi e na redução da severidade dos sintomas da ferrugem asiática em casa-de-vegetação. O experimento foi conduzido em duas etapas. Na primeira, foram adicionados em placas de Petri contendo 10 mL de meio de cultura agar-água óleos essenciais de Corymbia citriodora (eucalipto citriodora,Cymbopogon nardus (citronela,Azadirachta indica (nim e Thymus vulgaris L (tomilho nas concentrações 1%, 0,5%, 1% e 0,3%, respectivamente para cada óleo. Em placas controles foi adicionado 1mL de água. Sobre as placas foram adicionados 100µL de urediniósporos na concentração de 5 mg/mL de água. As placas foram incubadas por 4 horas a 25ºC e logo depois avaliada a porcentagem de germinação. Na segunda etapa, em casa-de-vegetação, os óleos foram aplicados nas mesmas concentrações em plantas de soja, cultivares MG/BR46 (Conquista e Suprema, aos 7 dias antes, 15 e 30 dias depois da inoculação. Os parâmetros avaliados foram incidência e número de pústulas por cm² de área foliar. Foram também coletadas folhas para preparação de amostras para microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Constatou-se que os óleos nas concentrações utilizadas inibiram 100% a germinação dos urediniósporos em meio ágar-água. Em casa-de-vegetação observou-se que todos os óleos retardaram a evolução da doença quando comparado com o controle, sendo que a severidade foi reduzida em média de 34,6 a 60,7% na cultivar MG/BR46 (Conquista e de 45,7 a 62, 3% na cultivar Suprema, em relação ao controle. Nas observações em MEV observou-se que houve murchamento dos urediniósporos, quando tratados com óleo de tomilho. Para os demais tratamentos observou-se apenas redução no tamanho das urédias. Com isso podemos inferir que os óleos essenciais utilizados têm potencial para reduzir o ataque do fungo em plantas

  5. 8º Congreso Internacional de la Química de los Cementos Comité Científico Euro-Asiático 1ª Reunión del 14 de Septiembre de 1981 en París

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    Calleja, Jose

    1981-09-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    En lo que sigue, el autor, asistente por España a la 1.ª Reunión en París del Comité Científico Euro-Asiático para la preparación y organización del 8.° Congreso Internacional de la Química de los Cementos (Río de Janeiro, Julio de 1986, como miembro de dicho Comité, da cuenta, para conocimiento de científicos y técnicos de habla hispana, especialistas o interesados en la Química del Cemento, de los asuntos tratados en la citada Reunión, así como de los acuerdos de principio adoptados en ella.

  6. La política económica de la República Popular China: un desafío a la hegemonía monetaria de los Estados Unidos en el Sudeste Asiático. Periodo 2003 -2015

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    Benavides Niño, David Leonardo

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación parte del declive de la hegemonía de los Estados Unidos y el paralelo asenso económico de la República Popular China en las últimas décadas. De este modo, se plantea como objetivo principal analizar cómo China mediante su política económica desafía a la hegemonía monetaria de los Estado Unidos en el Sudeste Asiático, durante el periodo de 2003 a 2015. Con el fin de lograr este objetivo, se elabora un estudio de la hegemonía de los Estados Unidos y sus dinámicas en e...

  7. Interference of genotypes x environments interaction in the genetic control of resistance to Asian rust soybean Interferência da interação genótipos x ambientes no controle genético da resistência à ferrugem asiática da soja

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    Aliny Simony Ribeiro

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this work were to identify parents resistant to Asian soybean rust using diallel crosses, obtain information on the genetic control of soybean resistance to the pathogen and verify whether the combining ability estimates interact with the environment (year or time of assessment. The F1 generation was obtained in a greenhouse from crosses between five contrasting parents for the trait resistance to soybean rust, in a complete diallel without reciprocals. Two rust-severity assessments were carried out on individual soybean plants of 25 treatments (parents and F2 and F3 populations in 2006/2007 and 2007/2008, in an experimental field at Embrapa Soja, Londrina, PR, Brazil. Additive effects predominated in the genetic control of soybean resistance to Asian rust, and the interaction of the segregant populations with the environment, although significant, did not alter the genetic parameter's general combining ability (GCA and specific combining ability estimates, indicating that estimates obtained in one year and one assessment can be extrapolated to others. BR01-18437 inbred line is resistant to Asian rust and showed high GCA effects. This line should be used as parent if the objective is the resistance to Phakopsora pachyrhizi.Os objetivos deste trabalho foram identificar genitores resistentes à ferrugem asiática da soja por meio de cruzamentos dialélicos, obter informações sobre o controle genético da resistência ao patógeno e verificar se as estimativas da capacidade combinatória interagem com o ambiente (ano ou época de avaliação. A geração F1 foi obtida por meio de cruzamentos entre cinco genitores contrastantes para a característica resistência à ferrugem da soja, em um dialelo completo, sem os recíprocos, em casa de vegetação. Foram realizadas duas avaliações quanto à severidade da ferrugem asiática da soja em plantas individuais de 25 tratamentos (genitores e populações F2 e F3 em 2006/2007 e 2007

  8. Progress of Asian soybean rust and airborne urediniospores of Phakopsora pachyrhizi in southern Brazil Progresso de ferrugem asiática da soja e quantificação de urediósporos de Phakopsora pachyrhizi no ar, na região sul do Brasil

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    Jefferson Fernandes do Nascimento

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Asian soybean rust, caused by the fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi, was reported at epidemic levels in 2003/2004 and is the main soybean disease in Brazil. The aim of this study was to investigate the spread of Asian soybean rust and to quantify airborne urediniospores in the region of Campo Mourão, Paraná State, Brazil. Three experiments were conducted under field conditions during the 2007/08 and 2008/09 crop seasons. Using the disease gradient method, provided by the application of increasing levels of the fungicide tebuconazole, four Asian soybean rust epidemics at different intensities were obtained in each experiment. To quantify the urediniospores, weathercock-type spore collectors were installed during and between the two crop seasons. Disease progress curves were plotted for each epidemic, and maximum severity was estimated. The curves were fit to the logistic model, which provided higher coefficients of determination and more randomly distributed residuals plotted over time. Analyses of the area under the disease progress curve showed that the largest epidemics occurred in the 2007/2008 crop season and that the progress rates were higher for severity, even among plants protected with the fungicide. The number of urediniospores collected in the air was related to the presence of soybean plants in the cultivated crops. The quantity of urediniospores was also positively correlated to the disease severity and incidence, as well as to cumulative rainfall and favorable days for P. Pachyrhizi infection.A ferrugem asiática, causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi, relatada em nível epidêmico em 2003/04, é a principal doença na cultura as soja no Brasil. Este trabalho teve como objetivos estudar o progresso da ferrugem-asiática da soja e quantificar os urediniósporos no ar na região de Campo Mourão no Estado do Paraná, região Sul do Brasil. Três experimentos foram instalados em condições de campo, nas safras 2006/07 e 2007/08. Utilizando

  9. Efeito de fungicidas sistêmico e protetores aplicados em diferentes estádios fenológicos no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja Effect of protectant and systemic fungicides applied at different growth stages on the control of soybean asian rust

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    Jorge da Silva Júnior

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, verificar o efeito dos fungicidas oxicloreto de cobre, tiofanato metílico, tiofanato metílico + clorotalonil e clorotalonil em diferentes estádios fenológicos V6, R1, R5, V6 + R1, V6 + R5 e R1 + R5 no controle da ferrugem asiática da soja. O estudo foi conduzido na área experimental do Departamento de Agricultura da Universidade Federal de Lavras. Observou-se efeito significativo de controle da ferrugem asiática para todos os fungicidas avaliados. A aplicação de pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole em R1 proporcionou o controle efetivo da doença, não diferindo estatisticamente de V6 + R1 e R1 + R5. As aplicações em R5 e V6 + R5 apresentaram elevada severidade, no entanto, com rendimento de grãos semelhante a aplicações do mesmo fungicida nos estádios R1, V6 + R1 e R1 + R5.The aim of this work was to verify the effect of the fungicides dicopper chloride trihydroxide, thiophanate methyl, chlorothalonil+thiophanate methyl, chlorothalonil, and pyraclostrobin+epoxiconazole applied at the stages V6, R1, R5, V6+R1, V6+R5, R1+R5 on the control of the Asian rust and on the agronomic characteristics of the soybean. The experiment was carried out at the experimental area of the Agriculture Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras MG, Brazil. Significant effects were observed for all fungicides on Asian rust control, in comparison with the control. The treatments with fungicide sprays pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole at the growth stage R1 provided the effective control of the disease, no significant differences were observed between V6 + R1 and R1 + R5. The sprays at R5 and V6 + R5 showed high disease severity however, with grain yield similar to the applications of the same fungicide at the stages R1, V6 + R1 and R1 + R5.

  10. Patrones de colonización y ecología de poblaciones de dos bivalvos invasores (mejillón cebra Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 y almeja asiática Corbicula fluminea Müller, 1774 en un tramo lótico del Ebro medio (Castejón, Navarra.

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    MORALES, J., FLECHOSO, F., LIZANA, M., NEGRO, A.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los bivalvos dulceacuícolas son un componente importante de la ecología fluvial, fundamentalmente por el papel que desempeñan como organismos filtradores y de remoción del sedimento. Además son un grupo zoológico diverso y amenazado a escala global, en el que se incluyen algunas de las especies invasoras más dañinas. El estudio de sus poblaciones es imprescindible para conocer el estado de conservación de las comunidades bentónicas. Para esto se prospectaron 17 parcelas vadeables y 7 escolleras a lo largo de 7,38 km de meandros del río Ebro en Castejón (Navarra, tanto el cauce principal como en brazos secundarios de corriente permanente y/o temporal. El mejillón cebra Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 se encontró en 7 escolleras y 6 parcelas. El sustrato preferente fueron rocas (85%, donde la densidad resultó 0,31-5,45 mejillones/m2; el 2,6% se hallaron sobre plásticos agrícolas abandonados. En las escolleras sólo el 3,6% de los ejemplares eran juveniles y un 33% tenían una edad > 4 años. La almeja asiática Corbicula fluminea Müller, 1774 se encontró en todas las parcelas. La densidad resultó muy diferente en los tres tipos de ambientes fluviales con valores máximos de 15.100 almejas/m2, lo que constituye un nuevo máximo fluvial en Europa. Se encontraron subpoblaciones de almeja asiática con diferentes estructuras de edad según los ambientes fluviales, además de poblaciones menos numerosas en el brazo principal del río que en los otros tipos. Los resultados muestran que junto a estas especies alóctonas en expansión, con altas tasas de reclutamiento, se encuentra una estructura poblacional muy precaria para las autóctonas, de las cuales únicamente se localizaron 12 náyades vivas y ningún esférido.

  11. El color de la voz: escritoras y pensadoras de la diáspora negra y asiática británica a finales del siglo XX=Voicing Diversity: Women Writers of the Black British and Asian British Diaspora at the End of the Twentieth Century

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    Irene Pérez Fernández

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El feminismo británico negro se consolida a finales de los años 80 y está directamente vinculado a la lucha activista de mujeres inmigrantes, así como a la creación de grupos de escritura creativa. Este artículo traza una breve genealogía de escritoras británicas negras y asiáticas que utilizaron su voz para inscribir sus experiencias y reivindicar la necesidad de examinar las intersecciones entre las categorías de raza y género. Abstract The last years of the 80’s witnessed the consolidation of Black British and Asian British feminisms that have had their origins in the struggles and activism of Black and Asian women immigrants and the emergence of creative writing groups. This article draws a brief genealogy of Black and Asian British women writers who record their experiences and claim the need to re-examine the intersections between the categories of race and gender.

  12. Intensidade da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi H. Sydow & P. Sydow da soja [Glycine max (L. Merr.] nas cultivares Conquista, Savana e Suprema sob diferentes temperaturas e períodos de molhamento foliar The effects of temperature and leaf wetness periods on the development of soybean rust in the cultivars Consquista, Savana and Suprema

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    Marcelo Carvalho Alves

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A Ferrugem Asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi H. Sydow & P. Sydow, relatada em diversas regiões do globo terrestre de climas tropicais e subtropicais, causa redução significativa na produtividade da soja [Glycine max (L. Merr.]. Fatores bióticos como interação patógeno-hospedeiro e abióticos influenciam o progresso da doença. Objetivou-se neste trabalho estudar os efeitos da temperatura e de períodos de molhamento foliar no progresso da Ferrugem Asiática nas cultivares Conquista, Savana e Suprema. O experimento foi conduzido no Departamento de Fitopatologia da Universidade Federal de Lavras, em junho de 2004, em câmaras de crescimento vegetal nas temperaturas de 15, 20, 25 e 30 °C e períodos de molhamento foliar de 0, 6, 12, 18 e 24 horas. A inoculação foi realizada pulverizando-se as plantas com suspensão de 10(4 uredósporos de P. pachyrhizi.mL-1 de água. Dados da incidência e da severidade foram utilizados para avaliar o progresso da doença e integrados por meio da área abaixo da curva de progresso da incidência (AACPI e da severidade (AACPS. Modelos de regressão não-linear foram ajustados para a AACPI e AACPS. Foi calculado o volume abaixo da superfície de resposta para incidência (VASRI e severidade (VASRS em relação à temperatura e molhamentos foliares com o objetivo de detectar diferenças entre cultivares. Molhamentos foliares acima de 15 horas e temperaturas próximas a 20 ºC, nas 3 cultivares avaliadas, determinaram maior intensidade da Ferrugem Asiática. Temperaturas próximas a 30 e 15 ºC ocasionaram menor intensidade da doença. Períodos de molhamento foliar abaixo de 6 horas reduziram a intensidade da doença. Todas as cultivares testadas foram suscetíveis à doença, entretanto, a cultivar Conquista apresentou maior VASRI e VASRS da Ferrugem Asiática comparada às cultivares Savana e Suprema, as quais não diferiram estatisticamente. Houve diferença entre as cultivares para AACPI em cada

  13. HUBUNGAN PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DENGAN KARAKTERISTIK SOSIAL, DEMOGRAFI DAN FAKTOR INFORMASI TENTANG ASI DAN MP-ASI (Studi di Kota Padang dan Kabupaten Solok Provinsi Sumatera Barat

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    Hermina Hermina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although the important of breast milk has been well known world wide, the number of exclusive breastfeeding is still low in most countries, including Indonesia. This research objective is to identify social demography characteristic and the influence of breast milk and weaning food information to 6 months exclusive breastfeeding in West Sumatera. Methods: Cross-sectional study design has been used. Population of this study was house holds and samples that had been chosen by simple randomized were mothers who had a baby aged 6–12 months (n = 637. Variables that had been analyzed were sample identity, information factor of breast milk and weaning food promotion and other supportive factors. To compare categorical variable which was respondent characteristic of exclusive breast milk and non-exclusive breast milk group, chi-square test had been used. Results: It is found a significant relationship between having information about breast milk and weaning food status and breastfeeding practice. Also it shows a significant relationship between colostrum feeding status and the continuing breastfeeding practice. However, there is no significant relationship between social-demography characteristic and the place of getting breast milk/weaning food information, the information for breast milk/weaning food, interpersonal contact about breast milk/weaning food and type of media information about breast milk/weaning food and breast feeding practice. Conclusion: having information of breast milk/weaning food, also colostrum feeding status are factors that influence breastfeeding status in West Sumatera. However, the place and medical birth delivery helper have less association to exclusive breast feeding practice. Key words: Exclusive breastfeeding, Breast milk and Weaning Food information, Social-demograhy Characteristic

  14. FAKTOR INFORMASI ASI DAN MP-ASI KAITANNYA DENGAN PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI-EKSKLUSIF DI PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR (Studi di Kota Kupang dan Kabupaten Kupang

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    Hermina Hermina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Although the importance of breastfeeding has been well known world wide, the number of exclusively breastfeeding is still small in most of countries including Indonesia. Therefore, this research objective is to identify the relationship exclusive breastfeeding practicing profile and having breast milk and weaning food promotion in Nusa Tenggara Timur This study design is cross sectional. Samples (n=638 of this study was mothers who had baby, aged 6-12 months. Samples were chosen by simple randomisasion. Variables that were collected were samples' identity (name, address, age, promotion factors for breast milk and weaning food information, and other supporting factors. Chi Square test was used to compare categorical variables which were respondents characteristic and exclusive or nonexclusive breast feeding. The result of this study it is found a significant relationship between living place and breast feeding practicing. A significant relationship is also found between non medical birth attendant, and breastfed initiation c: 3 hours after delivering and breastfeeding practicing. However, age, education, job, place for getting breast milk and weaning food information, interpersonal contact and media type for breast milk and weaning food information are not related significantly to breast feeding practicing.

  15. Spray nozzles and time of fungicide application on Asian soybean rust controlPontas de pulverização e horários de aplicação no controle químico de ferrugem asiática da soja

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    Jackeline Matos do Nascimento

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Spray nozzles were evaluated at two different spraying times (14h and 17h 30m, in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil regarding Asian soybean rust control (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sidow. Four spray nozzles were evaluated: deflector plain tips, double deflector plain tips, extended range flat spray tips and double plain tips. A commercial formulation of epoxiconazole and pyraclostrobin (0,5 L ha-1 was sprayed in the plots. Soybean leaves were collected at the top, middle and lower canopy, for assessment of the number of lesions and uredinias. In addition, leaf area affected by P. pachyrhizi was estimated. Plots sprayed with double deflector plain tips had lower uredinia counts in the lower canopy compared to the other tips tested. Sprays done early in the afternoon with double deflector plain nozzles had lower uredinia counts compared to the other treatments. Smaller defoliation and greater a-thousand grain mass were detected in plots sprayed with fungicide using a double deflector plain tip compared to the deflector plain nozzle. Soybean yield was not affected by nozzles and time of fungicide spray.O trabalho foi desenvolvido em Dourados-MS, com o objetivo de estudar o efeito de pontas de pulverização e horários de aplicação de fungicida no controle químico da ferrugem asiática da soja (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sidow. Avaliaram-se quatro pontas de pulverização: jato plano defletor, jato plano defletor duplo, já to plano de faixa ampliada, jato plano duplo. As aplicações ocorreram nos horários de 14h e 17h 30min com pulverizador costal à pressão constante. O fungicida utilizado foi uma formulação comercial de epoxiconazol e piraclostrobina (0,5 L ha-1. Foram coletados folíolos nos terços superior, médio e inferior para avaliação do número de lesões, urédias, e área foliar lesionada. Menor número de urédias no terço inferior foi observado em plantas que receberam aplicação de fungicida às 14h via ponta jato plano defletor duplo

  16. Efeito do tratamento de sementes com fungicidas e acibenzolar-S-methyl no controle da ferrugem asiática e crescimento de plântulas em cultivares de soja Effect of seed treatment with fungicides and acibenzolar-S-methyl in soybean cultivars on Asian rust control and seedlings growth

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    Daniel Debona

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available A influência de acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM, e fungicidas aplicados via tratamento de sementes sobre a ferrugem asiática bem como o crescimento de plântulas de soja foi avaliada em experimento conduzido em casa de vegetação em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com três repetições, utilizando as cultivares de soja 'Agiara', 'M-soy 8000' e 'M-soy 8080'. Os tratamentos foram três doses de ASM (0,05; 0,1 e 0,2 g de i.a. por kg de sementes, ASM (na dose de 0,1 g de i.a. por kg de sementes combinado aos fungicidas flutriafol, pyraclostrobin e azoxystrobin, e a aplicação isolada destes, além de uma testemunha tratada com água. Os resultados mostraram redução da Área Abaixo da Curva de Progresso da Ferrugem (AACPF com o aumento da dose de ASM nas três cultivares de soja. A utilização isolada do ASM em diferentes doses proporcionou uma redução da AACPF além de apresentar, na maioria dos casos, um efeito sinérgico com os fungicidas, aumentando a eficiência de controle quando comparada às aplicações isoladas. Com exceção do ASM na menor dosagem, todos os tratamentos apresentaram controle superior a 77 % comparados à testemunha. Em geral, o tratamento de sementes com ASM e fungicidas resultou numa redução da massa seca (MS em relação à testemunha. A utilização de ASM associado a fungicidas na tentativa de atrasar a infecção da ferrugem asiática da soja nos períodos iniciais da cultura constitui-se em uma alternativa viável para redução do inóculo inicial, entretanto possíveis efeitos fitotóxicos devem ser considerados.The influence of acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM and fungicides ASM in different doses provided reduction of AUPRC as well as it applied as seed treatment on Asian rust control as well as on growth presented synergism with the fungicides, increasing the control of soybean seedlings were evaluated in a completely randomized efficiency when compared to single applications. Except for ASM experiment with

  17. Relationships between measures of reflectance and health leaf area, soybean rust severity and soybean yield/ Relação entre medidas de refletância e área foliar sadia, severidade da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da cultura da soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Vieira Godoy

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to verify if some measures of reflectance could detect variations in the healthy leaf area which could be used as parameter to estimate damages in the production due to soybean rust, and to determine the influence of the disease on photosinthetic efficiency of plants under field conditions. The experiment was lead in the experimental area of Embrapa, in Londrina, PR. The experimental design was randomly blocks, with eight treatments (different fungicide application times with four replications. The fungicide used was azoxistrobin + ciproconazole (60+24 g i.a./ha + mineral oil (0.5%. The reflectance readings were made at eight wave lengths, between 460 and 810 nm, with intervals of 50 nm. It was estimated the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI, where NDVI=(810-660/ (810+660. The yield presented linear increments (P O objetivo do trabalho foi verificar se as medidas de refletância detectavam variações na área foliar sadia a fim de serem utilizadas como parâmetros para estimar danos na produção decorrentes da ferrugem asiática, bem como determinar a influência da doença na eficiência fotossintética das plantas em condições de campo. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental pertencente à Embrapa Soja, no município de Londrina, PR, utilizou-se a cultivar de soja BRS 154. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi de blocos ao acaso, com oito tratamentos (diferentes estádios de início da aplicação do fungicida com quatro repetições O produto utilizado foi azoxistrobin + ciproconazole (60+24 g i.a./ha + óleo mineral (0,5%. As leituras de refletância foram feitas em oito comprimentos de onda, de 460 a 810 nm, em intervalos de 50 nm. Calculou-se o Índice Vegetativo de Diferença Normalizada (NDVI, onde NDVI=(810-660/(810+660. A produção apresentou incremento linear (p < 0,01 com a Duração da Área Foliar Sadia (HAD (r2=37,7%, com a Absorção da Radiação Solar pela Área Foliar

  18. Asie centrale | Page 95 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Resistance to China's Internet controls comes from both grassroots activists and corporate giants such as Google. Meanwhile, similar struggles play out across the rest of the region, from India and Singapore to Thailand and Burma, although each national dynamic is unique. Read more about Access Contested: Security, ...

  19. Kasumlikkus kui kunst. Neurolingvistika kui hirmus keeruline asi / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Adrian Slywotzky. Kasumlikkuse kunst. Tallinn, 2003 ja Anthony Robbins. Sisemine jõud. Tartu, 2003. Vt. samas: Rets. rmt.: Leif Edvinsson. Ettevõtluse pikkuskraadid. Avastusretk teadmusmajandusse. Tallinn, 2003. Kommenteerib Arvo Pihl

  20. Ainuke püsiv asi on muutumine / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2008-01-01

    Taani audiovideotehnikat disainivast firmast Jacob Jensen Design. Jacob Jenseni (sünd. 1926) asutatud büroo loomingut tutvustab tema poeg Timothy Jacob Jensen (sünd. 1962). Eesti disaini tasemest, Jaapani disainitoodangust. Esikaanel ja lk. B3 fotod Timothy Jacob Jensenist

  1. Multifilm kui tõsine asi / Marko Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Marko

    1998-01-01

    Esilinastus 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  2. Asie centrale | Page 97 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    Increased soil erosion, reduced water-storage capacity, changes in microclimates, and loss of nutrients have led to a decline in the productivity of marginal lands and the impoverishment of local communities. Read more about Deforestation in Viet Nam. Langue English. Au tout début du siècle, les gibbons, qui étaienttrès ...

  3. Asie centrale | Page 87 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans les collines Kolli, dans l'État du Tamil Nadu, la monoculture d'une seule variété de manioc, non comestible, pour l'industrie de l'amidon s'est traduite par la prévalence accrue de maladies, l'érosion des sols et une perte de diversité des cultures locales, ce qui a eu une incidence négative sur la sécurité alimentaire et ...

  4. Asie centrale | Page 86 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    C'est en Thaïlande que l'on observe la plus forte incidence de cholangiocarcinome, forme mortelle de cancer du foie notamment attribuable à une infection parasitaire par l'opisthorchiase (Opisthorchis viverrini). À certains endroits du nord-est de la Thaïlande, près de 85 % des habitants sont infectés par l'opisthorchiase.

  5. Asie centrale | Page 36 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    Read more about Clean Energy and Water : an Assessment of Services for Adaptation to Climate Change. Langue English. Read more about Enseignements à tirer des innovations et des entreprises sociales favorables aux pauvres en Inde. Langue French. Read more about Learning from Low Income Market-driven ...

  6. Mis asi on OÜ Visible Solutions? / Indrek Grigor

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    Grigor, Indrek

    2011-01-01

    Kunstiteos-ettevõtte OÜ Visible Solutions (juhatus: Sigrid Viir, Taaniel Raudsepp, Karel Koplimets) näitus "Adam Smithi Lemmik Nähtamatu Käsi Puuris" Tartu Kunstimajas 18. dets.-ni 2011. Kunstiprojekt firmast, mille tegevuse objekt on loomemajanduse kritiseerimine, mida tehakse viimase toimeloogika kunstiväljal eksponeerimise abil

  7. Asie centrale | Page 2 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    Read more about Renforcement d'un cadre favorable à l'entrepreneuriat en Cisjordanie et à Gaza. Langue French. Read more about Enhancing the Framework for Entrepreneurship in the West Bank and Gaza. Langue English. Read more about Alternative Measure of Wellbeing: Bhutan's Gross National Happiness 2010.

  8. Des effets durables : Asie | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 juin 2014 ... Le Projet hippocampe devient un important protagoniste de la conservation de la faune marine. En savoir plus. L'Initiative pour les micronutriments : des solutions durables à la faim inapparente · L'information améliore les conditions de vie dans les Philippines · De l'eau potable dans les foyers grâce à un ...

  9. Asie centrale | Page 96 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    This book has been designed for the orientation and training of specialists in open and distance learning methods in Asia. It is the outcome of the collaborative PANdora research and development initiative (2005–2008) between 24 open and distance learning (ODL) institutions, government departments, and ...

  10. Asie centrale | Page 24 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    Read more about Women and the Justice System in Cambodia. Langue English. Read more about Traumatismes, développement et consolidation de la paix : vers une approche psychologique intégrée. Langue French. Read more about Trauma, Development and Peacebuilding : Toward an Integrated Psychological ...

  11. Asie centrale | Page 84 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    Developing Evaluation Capacity in ICTD (DECI) provides researchers from five IDRC-funded projects in Asia ongoing mentorship to learn and apply the Utilization Focused Evaluation (UFE) approach to their projects. DECI demonstrates the value of mentoring as a training approach, where researchers are coached as they ...

  12. Asie centrale | Page 98 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... and constraints on, policy are identified in this first round of regional studies, written by prominent researchers in Hong Kong, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and ... In the food systems of South Asia, the margin between cultivated and uncultivated biodiversity dissolves through women's day-to-day practice of collecting and ...

  13. Asie centrale | Page 89 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    -income status and attracted increased attention from foreign investors. ... The roundtable focused on addressing food security issues in South Asia—and in particular India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan—through regional cooperation in trade and ...

  14. Asie centrale | Page 90 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les domaines de collaboration ciblés comprennent le commerce, la sécurité régionale, l'éducation, les infrastructures de transport, l'agriculture et la sécurité ... sont trop bas et freinent la demande intérieure, soit ils sont trop élevés et donnent lieu à des coûts de main-d'œuvre non viables et à la perte potentielle d'emplois.

  15. Asie centrale | Page 99 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    While the increased exposure to world markets (globalization) and relaxation of domestic controls has undoubtedly given a spurt to the GDP growth rate, the ... Cette publication explore le sens que revêt l'agriculture et guide le lecteur à travers un nouveau territoire à la jonction de l'alimentation, de l'écologie et de la culture.

  16. Asie centrale | Page 12 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 · 9 · 10 · 11; 12; 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 … suivant › · dernier » · Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence ...

  17. Asie centrale | Page 69 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Biosafety Management of Genetically Modified Crops (China). Langue English. Read more about Diasporas, Transnationalism and Global Engagement : Tamils and Sinhalese in Canada and their links to Sri Lanka. Langue English. Read more about Diasporas, transnationalisme et engagement : tamouls ...

  18. Surveillance de la violence infranationale en Asie | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Bien que, depuis une vingtaine d'années, les revenus et débouchés de centaines de millions d'Asiatiques aient augmenté beaucoup plus que dans toute autre région, cette croissance s'est accompagnée de violence infranationale persistante dans bien des pays. Or les liens entre violence, conflits et développement ...

  19. Asie centrale | Page 100 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Across China, university staff, researchers, students, and farmers are joining forces to promote rural development studies. Read more about Learning from the Field: Innovating China's Higher Education System. Langue English. Asian societies are in a period of transition, as people are learn to live with new information and ...

  20. Justice Project en Asie du Sud | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Justice Project réunit des documentaristes de renom, des chercheurs chevronnés et des praticiens afin de documenter l'état de la justice dans la région. Seront ... As countries in South Asia move toward greater economic integration, a range of interconnected challenges to constitutional and human rights guarantees are ...

  1. Des changements en Asie, surtout pour les femmes | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 mars 2016 ... Deux femmes qui regardent l'écran d'un ordinateur en Inde. Photo : CRDI. Les femmes sont les agentes du changement en Inde, au Bangladesh, et au Cambodge. Je reviens tout juste d'un voyage en Inde, au Bangladesh, et au Cambodge. Bien que ces pays soient très différents, j'ai remarqué plusieurs ...

  2. Asie centrale | Page 93 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    89 · 90 · 91 · 92; 93; 94 · 95 · 96 · 97 … suivant › · dernier » · Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence ...

  3. Asie centrale | Page 53 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue French. Read more about From Seed to Table : Strengthening Urban Farmers' Organizational and Marketing Skills (Middle East and North Africa). Langue English. Read more about MS Swaminathan Research Foundation : Organizational and Research Capacity Building (India). Langue English. Read more about ...

  4. Battue ou chasse à courre, en Somalie ou en Asie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Frécon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Le second semestre 2008 a été marqué par une explosion des actes de piraterie au large de la Corne de l’Afrique. Les efforts déployés en réaction se sont révélés être si désordonnés qu’ils risquent de ne pas être très efficaces. Plus à l’est, les riverains du détroit de Malacca ont réussi à chasser les pirates. Cependant, ce succès souvent montré en exemple demeure relatif et en aucun cas dû aux seules patrouilles mises en place.Since last August, there were markedly more attacks registered off the Horn of Africa. The lack of coordination between the numerous initiatives is making surveillance operations inefficient. Further in the east, the littoral States along the Malacca Straits have managed to expel the pirates. Nevertheless, this success – often showed as an example – is not total. Moreover, it is not only due to the sea and air patrols.

  5. Asi läheb tõsiseks / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Harry Potteri viies film "Harry Potter ja Fööniksi ordu" ("Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix") : režissöör David Yates : stsenarist Michael Goldenberg : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  6. Spazio ASI, INFN e Nobel Ting a caccia di antimateria

    CERN Document Server

    Boz,

    2003-01-01

    "Una apparecchiatura per la ricerca dell' antimateria che nell'autunno del 2005 sara' installata sulla Stazione Spaziale e' al centro di un accordo di collaborazione tra l'Agenzia Spaziale Italiana e il Nobel Samuel Ting, del Mit e del Cern di Ginevra, firmato oggi a Roma (1 page).

  7. Asie centrale | Page 29 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Amélioration de la gestion des plaines inondables au moyen de réseaux d'apprentissage adaptatif (Bangladesh). Langue French. Read more about Collaboration Sud-Sud en innovation génomique. Langue French. Read more about South-to-South Collaboration on Genomics Innovation. Langue English.

  8. Asie centrale | Page 94 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Based on a survey of more than 400 women, this book exposes the miserable financial conditions endured by India's separated and divorced women. The law does not provide them with the right to any of the property and assets that they have helped to acquire during the marital relationship. The book recommends ...

  9. Asie centrale | Page 61 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Droits économiques des femmes et droit à la séparation et au divorce (Inde). Langue French. Read more about Globalization, Adjustment and the Challenge of Inclusive Growth (Indonesia, Philippines and Viet Nam). Langue English. Read more about Mondialisation, ajustement et défi de la croissance ...

  10. Populační problém Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Bich Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    The topic of this thesis is Population Problem of Asia. The work anylyses not only population development in Asia, but also in the world. A significant part is dedicated to these three countries: PRC, India and Vietnam, where are examined their population politics and current population problems. These countries were successful with slowing down the population growth, but as for PRC and Vietnam ageing and shrinking population is a new phenomen. Moreover, the thesis also mentions future popula...

  11. Asie centrale | Page 50 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue French. Read more about Évaluation des politiques de lutte contre le tabagisme au Bangladesh. Langue French. Read more about Evaluation of Tobacco Control Policies in Bangladesh. Langue English. Read more about Evaluation of an Integrated Intervention to Stop Tobacco Use among Suspected Tuberculosis ...

  12. Asie centrale | Page 75 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    Read more about Understanding Trauma and Reconciliation following Mass Violence of a Political Nature (India). Langue English. Read more about Security Sector Reform in the Arab Region. Langue English. Read more about Renforcer la résilience dans les collectivités touchées par le tsunami (Inde et Sri Lanka).

  13. Asie centrale | Page 82 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

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    This rapid urbanization is fueling conflict over scarce resources, including land, water, and public investment. With a high ... Vehicle-focused street design is limiting space for vendors, children, the elderly, and the disabled, while instances of violence against women are partly linked to land use and street design. Read more ...

  14. Meteorological factors and Asian soybean rust epidemics: a systems approach and implications for risk assessment Fatores meteorológicos e as epidemias de ferrugem asiática: uma abordagem sistêmica e implicações na avaliação de risco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Medeiros Del Ponte

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Favorable meteorological and environmental conditions are critical components that affect Asian soybean rust (ASR, caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi, the most damaging fungal disease of soybean. In this review, we used available knowledge on the effect of meteorological factors affecting the disease to construct a systems-based approach to understand the risk of ASR epidemics. The systems approach is based on a hierarchical framework where relevant environmental factors that affect the key stages of the ASR disease cycle are identified and this included both aerobiological and epidemiological components. The formal framework we used examined the following epidemic characteristics: spore release, spore dispersal, spore deposition, infection efficiency, latent period and spore production. It provided the ability to identify the most important meteorological-related factors along with relevant knowledge gaps from which the implications for disease forecasting were described. This is new information that can be used as a guide for further epidemiological research and especially to develop and improve upon both local and regional risk models.Condições meteorológicas e ambientais são componentes críticos nas epidemias de ferrugem asiática da soja (FAS, doença causada pelo fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi e que causa o maior dano na cultura da soja. Nesta revisão, o conhecimento sobre o efeito de fatores meteorológicos que influenciam nas epidemias foi usado para construir uma abordagem sistêmica para compreender o risco de epidemias de FAS. Esta é baseada em uma estrutura hierárquica onde os fatores relevantes que afetam os estágios chave no ciclo da doença foram delineados, incluindo os componentes aerobiológicos e epidemiológicos. As seguintes características epidemiológicas foram avaliadas: liberação de esporos, dispersão de esporos, deposição de esporos, eficiência de infecção, período latente e produção de esporos. O

  15. Stabilized efficiency of stacked a-Si solar cell; Sekisogata a-Si taiyo denchi no anteika koritsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T.; Nakamura, K.; Koyanagi, T.; Yanagisawa, T. [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Different types of tests combining light and temperature were carried out in a laboratory on predicting long-term performance of stacked amorphous silicon solar cells. Cell terminals were left open, xenon was used as an irradiation light source, and cell temperature was controlled within {+-} 2 degC of the setting. The result of the experiment may be summarized as follows: with regard to the deterioration characteristics, the speed in which the efficiency changes reached a maximum within 10 hours, and thereafter the change has slowed down gradually in the case of temperature at 50 degC; in the case of 25 degC, the maximization is reached between 500 and 1000 hours; the stabilization efficiency turns out to be a pessimistic value according to the saturated value derived from an experimental expression, hence the value would have to be expressed by specifying cell temperatures, light intensities and elapsed time; the minimum value of seasonal variation may be estimated at about 85% as a pessimistic value; for recovery characteristics, the saturated value for the recovery tends to become lower as the lower the value immediately before the recovery; and if the light intensity is varied, the deterioration characteristic shifts to that at an individual light intensity. 4 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Perbedaan Kenaikan Berat Badan pada Bayi yang Mendapat ASI Eksklusif dengan ASI Parsial di Puskesmas Jetis Kota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asti Norma

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Current conditions in developing countries was approximately 10 million infants were dying. These may be pressed by exclusive breastfeeding, because breastfeeding has been proven to improve the health status of the baby. Based on the baseline study conducted in Puskesmas Jetis Kota, the results of four infants exclusively breastfed resulted in weight gain between 4.800 to 6.100 grams while six partially breastfed infants weight gain between 3.350 to 5.250 grams. The purpose of this study was to determine differences of weight gain in infants between exclusive and partial breastfeeding at Puskesmas Jetis Kota. The study was an inductive study with cross-sectional design. The sampling technique was done by total sampling resulting on 20 couples of mothers and babies who had been exclusively breastfed or received partialy breastfed.This study was conducted at Puskesmas Jetis Yogyakarta on February until March, 2015 and analyzed using “t” test analysis. The results showed that weight gain of exclusively breastfed infants was 8.200 grams and the average of increase in weight gain in infants who are breastfed partial was 7.990 grams. There was 210 gram weight gain more higher in infants with exclusively breastfed. In conclusion, there was no significant differences weight gain in infants with exclusively breastfed and partially breastfed infants.

  17. Studi Pembuatan Makanan Pendamping Asi (Mp-asi) Menggunakan Campuran Tepung Kecambah Kacang Kedelai, Kacang Hijau, dan Beras

    OpenAIRE

    -, Purwanto; Hersoelistyorini, Wikanastri

    2011-01-01

    Beans (soy beans, green beans) and cereals (rice) in the form of sprouts can improve the digestibility during germination occurs due to hydrolysis of carbohydrates, proteins and fats into simpler compounds, so it is easy to digest. During this process a rapid increase in the amount of protein and vitamins, while fat content decreased. Sprouts in the form of flour can be used as an ingredient mixture of complementary food of Mother' Breast. The purpose of this study to determine levels of prot...

  18. Prevalência de HIV em gestantes e transmissão vertical segundo perfil socioeconômico, Vitória, ES Factores asociados a recidiva en hanseníasis en Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil HIV prevalence in pregnant women and vertical transmission in according to socioeconomic status, Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Caroline Barbosa Cerqueira Vieira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical, segundo o perfil socioeconômico dos bairros de residência das mães. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico exploratório utilizando a base de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação de gestantes HIV-positivas e aids em crianças notificadas entre 2000 e 2006 em Vitória, ES. Para análise das informações socioeconômicas foi utilizado o Índice de Qualidade Urbana. A prevalência de HIV em gestantes e a taxa de transmissão vertical foram calculadas. A distribuição espacial dos casos foi realizada no programa Terraview 3.2.0. Para verificar a associação entre a qualidade urbana e a prevalência de HIV em gestantes utilizou-se o modelo de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: Um total de 137 gestantes e 14 crianças infectadas por transmissão vertical foi notificado no período. Sete crianças correspondiam a mães HIV-positivas sem notificação de caso no período analisado. A prevalência de infecção em gestantes no período foi de 0,44% e a taxa de transmissão vertical foi de 9,7%. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de infecção por HIV em gestantes e a transmissão vertical associam-se à qualidade urbana do bairro de residência, indicando que os bairros com menor qualidade urbana devem ser priorizados quanto às ações para redução da transmissão vertical.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados a la ocurrencia de recidiva en hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo caso-control con 159 pacientes mayores de 15 años diagnosticados con hanseníasis en cinco municipios del Estado de Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil, cuyas unidades de salud eran consideradas de referencia para el atendimiento. El grupo de casos incluyó 53 individuos con recidiva de 2005 a 2007 y fue comparado con el grupo control (106 con alta por cura en 2005, pareados por sexo y clasificación operacional. Se usaron datos del Sistema de Informaci

  19. Velocidade do ar em barra de pulverização na deposição da calda fungicida, severidade da ferrugem asiática e produtividade da soja Effect of the air speed in sleeve boom on pesticide spray deposition, severity and soybean crop yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro Pereira Prado

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho objetivou comparar a deposição da pulverização e o controle da ferrugem asiática após o tratamento com fungicidas sob quatro velocidades da assistência de ar junto à barra de pulverização na cultura da soja. Dois experimentos foram conduzidos na FCA/UNESP - Campus de Botucatu, safra 2006/07. Alvos artificiais foram fixados na superfície adaxial e abaxial de folíolos posicionados nas partes superior e inferior das plantas selecionadas e distribuídas perpendicularmente ao deslocamento do pulverizador. O oxicloreto de cobre (50% de cobre metálico foi o marcador utilizado em pulverização e a determinação quantitativa dos depósitos feita com o uso de espectrofotometria de absorção atômica. Após a aplicação do fungicida piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole sob diferentes velocidades da assistência de ar junto à barra de pulverização (0, 9, 11 e 29 km h-1 procedeu-se a avaliação da severidade da doença e produtividade da soja. Na parte superior das plantas os maiores níveis de depósitos foram encontrados na pulverização sem assistência de ar. Já na parte inferior da planta foram encontrados os maiores níveis de deposição quando foram utilizadas as maiores velocidades da assistência de ar. No geral, a severidade da doença foi mais acentuada nos tratamentos sem o uso da assistência de ar. Em relação à produtividade não houve diferenças entre os tratamentos com aplicação de fungicidas, porém houve incremento na produtividade para os tratamentos com assistência de ar.This research aimed to evaluate the effects of chemical control of the rust and deposition fungicide sprayed under four air speed in spray boom on soybean crop (Glycine max L.. Two experiments were carried out in FCA/UNESP-Botucatu/SP (season 2007/08. The tracer used in the spray solution was copper oxychloride (50% of the metallic copper. It was measured by spectrophotometer of atomic absorption equipment. The targets were fixed on

  20. Controle químico da ferrugem asiática da soja em função de ponta de pulverização e de volume de calda Soybean asian rust control influenced by spray volumes and spray nozzles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Arantes Rodrigues da Cunha

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available As pontas de pulverização são um dos componentes mais importantes dos pulverizadores hidráulicos para aplicação de agrotóxicos. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o controle químico da ferrugem asiática e a deposição da calda fungicida aplicada na cultura da soja, em função de diferentes volumes de aplicação e de tipos de ponta de pulverização. O ensaio foi conduzido no delineamento em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições, em esquema bifatorial (4 x 2 + 1: quatro tipos de ponta de pulverização (jato plano padrão, jato plano de pré-orifício, jato plano de indução de ar e jato plano duplo de indução de ar, dois volumes de aplicação (115 e 160L ha-1 e um tratamento adicional, que não recebeu fungicida (testemunha. Realizou-se a semeadura direta da cultivar "Emgopa 313" (ciclo tardio, avaliando-se, após a aplicação do fungicida tebuconazole com as diferentes pontas e volumes, a deposição de calda no dossel da cultura, a severidade da ferrugem e a produtividade. Constatou-se que, apesar de o volume de calda de 160L ha-1 e de a utilização da ponta de jato plano padrão terem proporcionado maior uniformidade de distribuição da calda fungicida nas plantas, não houve influência do tipo de ponta de pulverização e do volume de aplicação no controle da ferrugem e na produtividade da cultura da soja. O fungicida tebuconazole propiciou bom controle da ferrugem, refletindo na produtividade de grãos, que foi, em média, 41% superior à obtida na testemunha.The spray nozzles are one of the most important components of pesticide hydraulic sprayers. This study aimed at evaluating the chemical control of the rust and the deposition of fungicide sprayed on soybean concerning different nozzles, and application volumes. A randomized complete-block design with four replications was used, in a factorial model (4 x 2 + 1: four spray nozzles (standard flat fan, pre-orifice flat fan, air induction flat fan and

  1. Número de gerações de um percevejo e seu parasitoide e da severidade da ferrugem asiática em soja, simulados em cenários de clima e manejo no norte do RS Number of generations of a stink bug and its parasitoid and severity of soybean rust, simulated under climate and crop management scenarios in northern RS State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Vitória Chevarria

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se simular o número de gerações do percevejo Euschistus heros e seu parasitoide Telenomus podisi e da severidade da ferrugem causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi na cultura da soja em função da data de semeadura, cultivar e momento de ocorrência desses organismos. A simulação foi feita em dois locais representativos de duas importantes regiões produtoras de soja no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Modelos bioclimáticos dos insetos e da doença foram integrados a um modelo de simulação da cultura da soja (DSSAT e rodados para uma série temporal de dados meteorológicos diários para Passo Fundo (52 anos e Santa Rosa (34 anos. Independente do grupo de maturação, quanto mais antecipada foi a data da semeadura e o estádio de ocorrência de E. heros na cultura, maior o número de gerações (de 2 a 3 até a maturação fisiológica da soja. Para T. podisi, um maior número de gerações (5 a 6 foi simulado para semeadura antecipada e cultivares de ciclo tardio. Para a ferrugem asiática não foram observadas tendências de redução nos níveis médios de severidade com o uso de práticas preconizadas, como plantio antecipado e cultivares de grupos mais precoces de maturação.The objective of this study was to simulate the number of generations of a soybean insect pest (Euschistus heros and its parasitoid (Telenomus podisi and a fungal disease (soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi as influenced by sowing date, cultivar and time of occurrence of the pest and the disease. Bioclimatic models that predict development of the organisms and severity of the disease were integrated into a crop simulation model of soybean (DSSAT that predicted phenological stages of the crop for scenarios of sowing data and cultivar maturity group in a long time series of daily meteorological data to Passo Fundo and Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The results showed that regardless of the maturity group, the earlier the sowing date and

  2. Efeito de herbicidas e fungicidas nas curvas de progresso e quantificação de danos causados pela ferrugem asiática da soja Effect of herbicides and fungicides on progress curves and damage quantification caused by soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Mitsuyuki Tsumanuma

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available O fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow representa grande ameaça à sojicultura nas principais regiões produtoras do mundo, onde significativas perdas foram relatadas. Na quantificação de danos causados, muitas são as variáveis a serem estudadas, como área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD, absorção de luz da área foliar sadia (HAA e duração da área foliar sadia (HAD, além das curvas de progresso da doença. Neste trabalho, objetivou-se verificar a influência de diferentes herbicidas e fungicidas no progresso da doença, bem como suas implicações nas variáveis referentes à área foliar sadia e à produtividade da cultura. Os tratamentos testados em duas cultivares ('MG/BR46 Conquista' e 'BRS Valiosa RR' foram: 1. Testemunha; 2. Testemunha com herbicidas; 3. Herbicidas e pyraclostrobin (V4 + pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole (R2 e R5.1; 4. Herbicidas e pyraclostrobin (V4 + epoxiconazole (R2 e R5.1; e 5. Herbicidas (V4 + pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole (R2 e R5.1. Os herbicidas utilizados em 'MG/BR-46 Conquista' foram sethoxydim, bentazon e chlorimuron-ethyl, sendo utilizado glyphosate na 'BRS Valiosa RR'. O modelo logístico foi o que melhor se adequou à severidade média das avaliações e à curva de progresso da doença. Para o terço inferior, posição do dossel mais propícia à doença, o modelo logístico com taxa variável foi o que mais se ajustou aos dados. A pulverização de pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole reduziu a taxa de desenvolvimento de P. pachyrhizi em relação à epoxiconazole. A utilização da mistura influenciou as variáveis AACPD, HAA e HAD, sendo estas consideradas apropriadas para a quantificação dos danos provocados pela ferrugem asiática. Na 'MG/BR-46 Conquista', a ação dos herbicidas afetaram temporariamente a área foliar, atingindo indiretamente as variáveis HAA e HAD.Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow is the worst threat for soybean crop in the most important growing

  3. Pengaruh pemberian MP-ASI program dan MP-ASI komersial terhadap pertumbuhan bayi usia 6-11 bulan di Kabupaten Kampar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedy Rochyani

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Growth alteration in 6-11 months old baby occurred due to inappropriate practice in complementary food consumption (complementary breastfeeding. Quality and quantity deficit of household complementary breastfeeding products could cause serious problems in baby growth. One of the alternative solution was consuming complementary breastfeeding from industrial products. Consuming complementary breastfeeding blended food (program complementary breastfeeding for 6-11 months old babies in Medan tended to show no relationship with their nutritional status based on Z-score index weight for age. One of the possible reason was low level acceptance of program complementary breastfeeding in 2003. Objective: To determine the level of acceptance of both program and commercial complementary breastfeeding with their relationship toward 6-11 months old baby growth in sub urban poor families in Kampar Sub District. Method: Quasi experimental design was conducted. Purposive technique sampling was chosen and samples were divided into two groups that received different intervention. The first group that received program complementary breastfeeding consisted of 54 babies and the second group that received commercial complementary breastfeeding consisted of 46 babies of 6-8 months old babies from sub urban poor families. Data obtained was analyzed with univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. Results: Level of acceptance of commercial complementary breastfeeding was higher than program complementary breastfeeding for 6-11 months old babies in sub urban poor families in Kampar Sub District (p=0.038. These babies had a significant additional in weight and  after consuming program and commercial complementary breastfeeding (p0.05. Conclusion: Consumption of program and commercial complementary breastfeeding could increase the weight gain and body length significantly.

  4. Asie du sud | Page 107 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    In this spirit, Viet Nam's Minister of Science, Technology and Environment approached the International Development Research Centre ( IDRC ) and the ... of social difference is needed to find answers to the questions of who participates and how, and who benefits and how from development interventions, projects, ...

  5. Initiative de recherche concertée sur l'adaptation en Afrique et en Asie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site. Abonnez-vous à notre bulletin pour recevoir les nouvelles du CRDI chaque mois. Abonnez-vous · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence · Utilisation du site Web. Suivez- ...

  6. Colloquium on Central Asia; Colloque sur l'Asie centrale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This colloquium on Azerbaijan was organized by the direction of international relations of the French Senate and the French center of foreign trade (CFCE). This document gathers the interventions of the participants and the debates with the audience following these interventions. The topics treated concern: - the present day political-economical situation of Central Asia countries (problem of borders, relations with Russia and China); - the economies of Central Asia countries: short term problems and medium-term perspectives; - the relations with the European Union (political, economical, trade and investments, perspectives); - the European energy stakes of Caspian sea (oil and gas reserves, development of hydrocarbon resources, exploitation and transport constraints, stakes for Europe and France); - TotalFinaElf company in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, enclavement problem); - the economical impacts of the TRACECA pathway (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia). (J.S.)

  7. Peeter Jalakas : Elamine on väga isiklik asi / Anu Aaremäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaremäe, Anu

    2007-01-01

    Stephen Hawkingi raamatu "A Brief History of Time" aineline lavastus "Õnne valem", helilooja Gavin Bryars, autor ja lavastaja Peeter Jalakas, Tallinna tollilaos. Von Krahli Teatri lavastaja etenduse sünnist, endast, ökoloogilisest mõtlemisest, teatri tulevikuplaanidest

  8. BİLGİ İFŞASI (WHISTLEBLOWING) VE DENETİM

    OpenAIRE

    UYAR, Süleyman; YELGEN, Esin

    2015-01-01

    In today's swiftly globalizing world, accounting fraud and scandals are at the helm of the most crucial problems. Whistleblowing is regarded as an important tool in revealing amoral/unethical behavior and frauds available in enterprises. Whistleblowing, which plays a crucial role within the scope of the internal control system of the enterprise has been a starting point for auditors, particularly in the field of fraud auditing. In this context, the aim of this study is to analyze the ter...

  9. LİVÂYÎ BEY MECMÛ‘ASI / JOURNAL OF LIWAI BEG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semra TUNÇ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Şiir mecmuaları Klasik Türk edebiyatı için önemli kaynaklardandır. Divanı bulunmayan pek çok şairin şiirlerinin yanı sıra divan sahibi şairlerin, divanlarını tertip ettikten sonra yazdıkları yahut değişik nedenlerle divanlarına almadıkları şiirlerine de mecmualarda rastlamak mümkündür. Diğer taraftan şiir mecmuaları, özellikle nazire mecmuaları sayesinde kimin kimden ne ölçüde etkilendiği, kimin üstat kimin talebe olduğu, kısacası Klasik Türk şiirinin zaman içindeki yürüyüşü daha net görülebilmektedir.Bu çalışmayla, gerek yukarıda işaret etmeye çalıştığımız konularda gerekse daha başka alanlarda edebiyat tarihine katkı sağlayacağı düşünülen bir şiir mecmuası ele alındı. Şair ve kâtip Livâyî tarafından 965/1557’de tertip edilen bu mecmua, Mısır Millî Kütüphanesi Türkçe Yazmalar Bölümü 182’de kayıtlıdır. Seçme bir nazire mecmuası denebilecek söz konusu derleme;  Mecmuaların Sistematik Tasnifi Projesi’ne (MESTAP [1]  uygun tabloyla araştırmacıların istifadesine sunulmaktadır[1] MESTAP; Prof. Dr. Mehmet  Fatih KÖKSAL’ın teklifi ve örnek çalışmasıyla başlattığı, çeşitli üniversitelerde görevli konuya ilgi duyan  öğretim elemanlarının  gönüllü olarak desteklediği  bir projedir. “Projenin hedefi, öncelikli olarak şiir mecmûaları, nihaî olarak da edebiyatla ilgili –cönkler de dâhil olmak üzere– bütün mecmuaların ayrıntılı tasnif ve dökümlerinin yapılmasıdır.” (Köksal 2012b: 422. Projenin hayata geçirilebilmesi maksadıyla Prof. Dr. Köksal’ın önderliğinde  -Atatürk Kültür Merkezi Başkanlığının da destekleriyle- Ankara’da 30 Haziran 2012’de Osmanlı Şiirinin Hazineleri: Mecmualar ve Cönkler  konulu bir çalıştay düzenlendi.  Türkiye genelinde mecmua ve cönkler hakkında  çalışan/çalışmakta olan 39 bilim insanının katıldığı çalıştayda; konunun önemi, mahiyeti ve projenin özellikle Türk edebiyatı/şiir tarihi araştırmalarına sağlayacağı katkı üzerinde duruldu,  üniversitelerde  yapılacak lisansüstü çalışmalar ve sair bilimsel yayınlarla  desteklenmesi kararına varıldı. Çalıştaydan sonra ise üniversitelerde yapılan/yapılmakta olan çalışmaların araştırmacıların hizmetine sunulabilmesi için bir veritabanı oluşturuldu. Konuyla ilgili çalışmalar veri tabanında paylaşılmaktadır. Bilgi için bk: http://mecmualar.tr.gg/MESTAP-Projesi-Hakk%26%23305%3Bnda.htm 

  10. Asie du sud | Page 94 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Agricultural production is rapidly expanding in Southeast Asia. While this can lead to improved food security, nutrition, and income in the region, it also increases the risk of disease, exposure to chemicals, and the loss of biodiversity. The IDRC-supported Ecohealth Field Building Initiative (FBLI) supports research in the ...

  11. Ressources libres et qualité du téléenseignement en Asie | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Investing in government science advice for better policymaking. A new project funded by IDRC and led by the International Network for Government Science Advice (INGSA) seeks to facilitate the flow of information between academia and governments to ensure that... View moreInvesting in government science advice for ...

  12. Asie du sud | Page 112 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Une contribution des plus précieuses non seulement aux milieux de la coopération au service du développement dans le monde, mais aussi aux milieux universitaires en général qui aident à comprendre l'APD du Japon – Kimio Fujita, Président, Agence japonaise de coopération internationale (JICA). Read more about ...

  13. Ressources libres et qualité du téléenseignement en Asie | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La recherche sera menée par un réseau réunissant des universités, des organismes de formation et des collectivités d'apprentissage rurales de onze pays, certains ayant une expérience du téléenseignement (en Indonésie, au Japon, en Malaisie, aux Philippines et au Pakistan) et d'autres qui sont novices dans le ...

  14. Mart Poom : asi võib minna veel hullemaks / Andres Kalvik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvik, Andres, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusmeeskonna kapten näeb Eesti jalgpallikoondise tulevikku noortevõistkondade nigelate tulemuste tõttu mustades toonides. Vt. samas ka lühiintervjuud Eesti Jalgpalli Liidu asepresidendi Aivar Pohlakuga

  15. SDIO Electronic Document Management Prototype Requirements Analysis: 'As-Is' Node Tree and Activity Models

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1992-01-01

    The SDI TIC coordinates the collection and dissemination of classified and unclassified materials to current and potential contractors, SDIO staff members, and other government personnel participating in the SDI program...

  16. Le milieu de la recherche sur les politiques en Asie du Sud et ses ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Initiative Think tank - Fondation Hewlett. Le CRDI et la Fondation William et Flora Hewlett unissent leurs efforts dans le cadre d'une nouvelle initiative destinée à renforcer les groupes de réflexion et centres de recherche sur les... Voir davantageInitiative Think tank - Fondation Hewlett ...

  17. Violence sexuelle et impunité en Asie du Sud | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... rédacteurs et à des chercheurs de mettre en commun leurs connaissances et de renforcer leurs capacités de recherche. Les constatations émanant du projet seront diffusées au moyen de différentes plateformes, dont des livres, et serviront à accentuer le plaidoyer et le lobbying auprès des États et des gouvernements.

  18. Study of thermal treated a-Si implanted with Er and O ions

    CERN Document Server

    Plugaru, R; Piqueras, J; Tate, T J

    2002-01-01

    Visible luminescence of amorphous silicon layers either implanted with Er or co-implanted with Er and O and subsequently annealed in nitrogen has been investigated by cathodoluminescence (CL) in a scanning electron microscope. Co-implanted samples show a more intense luminescence, which is revealed by annealing at lower temperatures than the samples implanted only with erbium. Thermal treatments cause the formation of erbium oxide as well as Er-Si complexes or precipitates. Violet-blue luminescence has been found from CL images and spectra to be related to Er-Si precipitates. Emission in the green-red range is attributed to oxide species.

  19. Des messages textes peuvent sauver des vies en Asie du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Pour que le dépistage des maladies en temps réel devienne réalité, LIRNEasia a mis à l'essai un système faisant appel à la téléphonie mobile, dans le cadre d'un projet pilote ... Les travailleurs de la santé communautaire enregistrent le diagnostic de leurs patients à l'aide d'un logiciel installé sur un téléphone mobile.

  20. Iga asi siin ilma peal maksab midagi / Tõnu Lensment ; interv. Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lensment, Tõnu, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    2. aug. esietendub Leigo Järveteatris Andres Keili "Rooside sõda". Näidendile on ainest andnud William Shakespeare'i näidendid "Henry VI" ja "Richard III" ning Tom Lanoye ja Luc Percevali näidend "Sõda". Lavastab Tõnu Lensment. Lavastajaga juttu suvelavastus(t)e maksumusest. Artikkel ilmub Teatrikülgedel rubriigis "Teater & küljed" 6/18

  1. Asie du sud | Page 3 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cet article fait partie d'une série de reportages sur des projets innovants mis en œuvre dans les pays en développement, compilée dans un blog réalisé en partenariat avec Canadian Geographic. Read more about Le coût élevé des vêtements bon marché. Langue French. Four years after the collapse of the Rana Plaza ...

  2. Asie du sud | Page 65 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue English. Read more about De la survie à la durabilité : stratégies de subsistance adaptatives au Pakistan. Langue French. Read more about Initiative de gestion durable des ressources aquatiques. Langue French. Read more about Sustainable Aquatic Resource Management Initiative. Langue English ...

  3. Étude du Partenariat de recherche sur l'influenza aviaire en Asie sur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Avian Influenza in Migratory Birds : Regional Surveillance and Monitoring Network. The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1 produces severe disease and high mortality in domestic poultry, waterfowl and other bird species. View moreAvian Influenza in Migratory Birds : Regional Surveillance and ...

  4. Asie du sud | Page 192 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , similar struggles play out across the rest of the region, from India and Singapore to Thailand and Burma, although each national dynamic is unique. Read more about Access Contested: Security, Identity, and Resistance in Asian Cyberspace.

  5. Asie du sud | Page 100 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dr Cash is renowned for his pioneering work on oral rehydration therapy (ORT), a practical treatment for cholera and other diseases causing diarrheal dehydration. A visiting professor at the Public Health Foundation of India, Dr Cash is a senior lecturer on global health in the Department of Global Health and Population at ...

  6. Dans les pas d’Antiochos III : l’Asie mineure entre pouvoir et discours

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, John

    2015-01-01

    Le roi est passé Un roi passe, un roi est passé. À l’époque hellénistique, le perpétuel mouvement du souverain représente un élément constituant du royaume et de la royauté. Toute l’histoire politique de la haute époque hellénistique, l’âge des rois, est marquée par les rois en mouvement ; cette histoire est celle d’un espace-temps royal, celui des cartes qui rêvent de nous faire voir « l’Orient hellénistique en 270 av. J.-C. », en grandes zones de couleur. Ce monde est instable, ainsi que l’...

  7. Sexospécificités et gouvernance dans les zones de conflit en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cross-Border Movements, Female Migration and Human Rights : a Postcolonial Evaluation. Until recently, women have been excluded from migration analyses or perceived as passive dependants of male migrants or non-migrants waiting for their spouses to return. View moreCross-Border Movements, Female Migration ...

  8. Asie du sud | Page 58 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence · Utilisation du site Web. Suivez-nous; Facebook · Twitter · Youtube · Linked In · RSS Feed. © 2015 CRDI. Tous droits réservés.

  9. Réseau Asie-Pacifique de recherche et de formation dans le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ) vise à renforcer la capacité des chercheurs et des établissements de recherche de produire, à l'intention des responsables ... Corruption is the single most important impediment to governance and the functioning of the economy in Pakistan.

  10. Ancrage de l'action caritative à la singapourienne en Asie du Sud-Est

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    À Singapour, l'action caritative a toujours concouru d'abord au soulagement de la population locale. Toutefois, compte tenu de la richesse croissante du pays et de ses liens étroits (commerce, investissement, migration) avec ses voisins moins nantis, on prévoit qu'un capital caritatif considérable sera éventuellement ...

  11. Réseau Asie-Pacifique de recherche et de formation dans le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ) vise à renforcer la capacité des chercheurs et des établissements de recherche de produire, à l'intention des responsables des politiques et en temps opportun, des recherches impulsées par la demande dans le domaine du commerce.

  12. Mise en oeuvre de normes sanitaires et phytosanitaires en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La création de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) en 1995 a été vue comme l'avènement d'une nouvelle ère de libéralisation du commerce. Cet optimisme reposait sur l'idée que l'OMC ait un organisme fondé sur des règles et régirait le commerce des produits agricoles conformément aux élaborées par le ...

  13. Asie du sud | Page 41 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    37 · 38 · 39 · 40; 41; 42 · 43 · 44 · 45 … suivant › · dernier » · Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence ...

  14. Asie du sud | Page 108 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The "Using Diversity" workshop explored the common ground between the two approaches. It brought together scientists, farmers and NGO workers from across South Asia who share the conviction that genetic diversity, on-farm, is key to rural people's food security and that farmers must be involved in its maintenance and ...

  15. Ancrage de l'action caritative à la singapourienne en Asie du Sud-Est

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cette subvention permettra au Lien Centre for Social Innovation de la Singapore Management University d'explorer le contexte caritatif dans quatre pays de ... IDRC is investing in local solutions to address climate change-related challenges in India, including heat stress, water management, and climate-related migration.

  16. Toxicita těžkých kovů na řasy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cepák, Vladislav; Furnadzhieva, S.; Lukavský, Jaromír

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 1, č. 1 (2001), s. 87-91 ISSN 1213-3434. [Pracovní konference ČBS. Rožmberk nad Vltavou, 05.11.2001-08.11.2001] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA204/99/1235 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6005908 Keywords : toxicity * heavy metals * algae Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  17. Asie du sud | Page 109 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This publication explores the meaning of agriculture and guides the reader into new territory, where food, ecology, and culture converge. In the food systems of South Asia, the margin between cultivated and uncultivated biodiversity dissolves through women's day-to-day practice of collecting and cooking food, constituting a ...

  18. Asie du sud | Page 106 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue English. This book has been designed for the orientation and training of specialists in open and distance learning methods in Asia. It is the outcome of the collaborative PANdora research and development initiative (2005–2008) between 24 open and distance learning (ODL) institutions, government departments, ...

  19. Asie du sud | Page 104 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This book documents the regulatory framework covering quality assurance in distance education in several Asian countries. It draws on the experience of 16 distance education and e-learning institutions to reveal their main challenges in developing quality assurance systems. While offering solutions to these challenges, ...

  20. Directoras asiáticas en acción: Aparna Sen (1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Val Cubero

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-026X2014000100008 La obra cinematográfica de la directora bengalí Aparna Sen, a pesar de su alta calidad técnica y estética, es prácticamente desconocida en Latinoamérica y en Europa. En su larga trayectoria cinematográfica, la cineasta presenta obras en las que, partiendo de hechos cotidianos (relaciones de familia y de pareja, se exponen temas que hacen referencia a las diferencias de género dentro de un panorama que aborda los conflictos étnicos o religiosos o la destrucción del medio ambiente. Conocer y difundir su obra permite dar voz a una generación de mujeres directoras nacidas en la India que, a través de sus cámaras, no solo ha criticado las relaciones de poder, sino que también ha mostrado la importancia de la solidaridad entre generaciones para conseguir un mundo más justo.

  1. Asie du sud | Page 114 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This book brings together scholars, practitioners, former regulators, and policymakers to address the problem of expanding information and communication technology (ICT) connectivity in emerging Asia. It centrally engages the widespread claim that technology by itself — independent of policy and regulatory reform — can ...

  2. Le milieu de la recherche sur les politiques en Asie du Sud et ses ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC starts new work in ASEAN. The Honourable Chrystia Freeland, Minister of International Trade, announced a new project to be funded by Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC). View moreIDRC starts new work in ASEAN ...

  3. Vozes asiáticas e o racismo colonial em Moçambique

    OpenAIRE

    Zamparoni, Valdemir

    2016-01-01

    Evento, estrutura, conjuntura, curta duração, longa duração, micro, macro, específico, total são binômios que, ao menos desde Michelet com o seu Le Peuple e Marx com o seu O Dezoito Brumário mas, sobretudo, desde os Annales, tem acompanhado os historiadores. O presente artigo, embora não explicite, encara estes desafios : tratar do evento, do episódico, dos movimentos da política cotidiana, enfim da curta duração sem esquecer das estruturas, da longa duração : assim o objeto escolhido – a dis...

  4. Asie du sud | Page 30 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Trauma, Development and Peacebuilding : Toward an Integrated Psychological Approach. Langue English. Read more about Information Society Innovation Fund Asia. Langue English. Read more about Information Society Innovation Fund Asia (ISIF Asia). Langue French. Read more about Liens entre le ...

  5. CAKUPAN IMUNISASI BALITA DAN ASI ESKLUSIF DI INDONESIA, HASIL SURVEI KESEHATAN NASIONAL (SURKESNAS 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supraptini Supraptini

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The 2001 Maternal and child health study (SKIA is a part of the 2001 National Household Health Survey (NHHS and carried out by National Institute of Health Research and Development. Ministry of Health. The NHHS 2001 is the sixth survey. The sample of the study is sub sample of National socio­ economic survey. The study  covers  26 provinces in Indonesia, excluded Aceh, Maluku and Papua provinces. The 2001 Mother and Child study is a nationally representative study of children under five and reproductive age women. A total of 25,072 households, 21,516 reproductive age women 15-49 were interviewed. Information about children under five including vaccination, breastfeeding, food supplement, and assistance  at delivery and place of delivery was also collected. The study found that complete immunization covered only 60-70%, indicating that 30-40% of the children had not received  basic immunization against six diseases: tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis and measles. The result showed that only 47% children 0-3 months were exclusive breastfed, and 6% children 6-7 months still had exclusive breastfed without food supplement. There were very importance to improve people knowledge about Posyandu activities include immunization for the children, and improve mothers knowledge about exclusive breastfed and food supplement for the babys.  Keywords: Immunization coverage, execlusive breastfeeding

  6. ASI: Dunaliella marine microalgae to drop-in replacement liquid transportation fuel

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Weicheng

    2013-09-11

    Microalgae are a promising biofuels feedstock, theoretically yielding concentrations of triacylglycerides (TAGs) per unit area that are far higher than traditional feedstocks due to their rapid growth. Dunaliella is particularly advantageous as a feedstock because it is currently commercially mass cultured, thrives in salt water, and has no cell wall. Fourteen strains of Dunaliella have been investigated for growth rates and lipid production in mass culture and tested for enhanced lipid production under a range of environmental stressors including salinity, pH, nitrogen and phosphorus limitation, and light regime. The nuclear genome has been sequenced for four of these strains, with the objective of increasing carbon flux through genetic engineering. Electroflocculation followed by osmotic membrane rupturing may be a very energy and cost efficient means of harvesting the lipid bodies from Dunaliella. A technically feasible and scalable thermo-catalytic process to convert the lipids into replacements for liquid transportation fuels has been developed. The lipids were converted into long-chain alkanes through continuous thermal hydrolysis followed by fed-batch thermo-catalytic decarboxylation. These alkanes can be reformed into renewable diesel via conventional catalytic hydrocarbon isomerization reactions to improve cold flow properties, if desired. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 32: 916-925, 2013 Copyright © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog.

  7. Information et réseaux en Asie et en Afrique subsaharienne ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le programme diffuse également des connaissances utiles au renforcement du dialogue et des pratiques en matière de politiques dans ces domaines. Le CRDI et le Department for International Development du Royaume-Uni ont établi le programme IRAAS grâce à un financement conjoint de 18,5 millions CAD réparti sur ...

  8. Mise en oeuvre de normes sanitaires et phytosanitaires en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Biosafety Management of Genetically Modified Crops (China). Since 1990, China's agricultural biotechnology sector has experienced tremendous growth. View moreBiosafety Management of Genetically Modified Crops (China) ...

  9. Toksisitas Akut dan Subkronis Ramuan Ekstrak Kelor dan Klabet sebagai Pelancar ASI dan Penambah Gizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Widowati

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Insufficient breast milk intake from a mother to their babies may cause a poor infant growth. We have conducted a research on mixture of klabet seed extracts (Trigonella foenum-graecum L. and kelor leaf extract (Moringa oleifera Lamk. (1:1 for increasing breast milk production in nursing mothers and nutritional supplement for infants. The study is a completely randomized design. We used white rats (Rattus novergicus, Wistar strain, as many as 50, that were divided into 5 dose groups for the acute toxicity testing and 40 rats in 4 dose groups for the sub-chronic toxicity testing.The acute toxicity testing of fenugreek seed extracts and moringa leaf extracts (1:1 results in a pseudo value LD50 >4,000 mg/200g bw, therefore we classified the materials to practically non-toxic (PNT. For the subchronic toxicity testing, the result showed a normal state on liver and kidney function.

  10. Kualitas Ekstrak Etanol 70% Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera Lamk dalam Ramuan Penambah ASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukmayati Alegantina

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available From the collection of data (SDKI in 2002-2003, it is found that the number of exclusive breastfeeding in infants below the age of two months covers only 64% of total infants. The most alarming facts are that 13% of infants under two months have been fed infant milk formula and one of three infants aged 2-3 months has been given additional food. Therefore, using Kelor as herba to facilitating breast milk is needed as extract requirement. In addition, this research considers characterization of Kelor extract as a first step to standardize Kelor extract. Sample is extract of Kelor leaf from East Java. To ensure quality requirements of 70% ethanol extract from Kelor leaf for herbal medicine, it has to meet the quality requirement guidelines established by BPOM. Examination includes non-specific parameter such as water content, total ash, total acid insoluble ash, and extract microscopic examination. In the other side, specific parameter includes content of dilute alkohol, content of dilute water, assay of total alkaloid and chemistry compound test. Characteristic of 70 % ethanol extract from Kelor leaf for non-specific parameter are water content 15,68%, total ash 3,04%, total acid insoluble ash 1,13% and loss on drying 29,70% , whereas characteristic of spesific parameter for content of dilute etanol 33,11%, content of dilute water 47,53%, and assay Trigonellin 15,68 %. The conclusion is non spesific characteristic from kelor leaf etanol extract, that is water content does not meet the quality requirement guidelines

  11. Asie du sud | Page 4 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Photo: World Bank. “The achievement of the SDGs hinges on delivering economic growth that benefits everyone, empowering women and achieving gender equality, and taking ambitious action on climate change. We have a responsibility to future generations to not only achieve these goals, but to do so in a way that ...

  12. Asi on tõsisem kui välja lastakse paista / Lembit Türnpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Türnpuu, Lembit, 1934-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti riikliku üdhariduskooli õppekava puudustest, soomlaste hinnangust sellele (Hinnang eesti õppekavale. Kokkuvõte õppekava üldosa ja ainekavade tugevatest ja nõrkadest külgedest. 1999. Opetushallitus)

  13. Qawl Qadim dan Qawl Jadid Tentang Haji dan Umrah dalam Mazhab Asy Syafi'iy

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Goloman

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: For further explanation given to the Prophet SAW that throughout his life every case and the problems that arise can be resolved based on the Qur'an and Sunnah. However, in subsequent periods, the community and development changes so rapidly. Islamic empire expanded and the friends were scattered to various regions along with the current expended  they do. Besides active in jihad and preach, the companions also assume responsibility for leading reference Fatwa and religious informat...

  14. QAWL QADIM DAN QAWL JADID TENTANG HAJI DAN UMRAH DALAM MAZHAB ASY SYAFI’IY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goloman Nasution

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: For further explanation given to the Prophet SAW that throughout his life every case and the problems that arise can be resolved based on the Qur'an and Sunnah. However, in subsequent periods, the community and development changes so rapidly. Islamic empire expanded and the friends were scattered to various regions along with the current expended  they do. Besides active in jihad and preach, the companions also assume responsibility for leading reference Fatwa and religious information. In the next period as a reference responsibilities shifted to the figures Tabi'in onwards to the mujtahid of the next generation. Syafi'iy Ash, who was born in Palestine in Gaza major H 150 in Mecca, long enough to learn by Imam Malik in Medina, had worked in Yemen, several times came to Baghdad and finally died in Egypt in 204 AH Syafi'iy Ash in the famous schools of the terms and Qawl qadim Qawl Jadid. The main problem discussed in this paper how the development of Islamic legal thought in the schools Ash Syafi'iy of Hajj and Umrah. Examples of changes from the fatwa Syafi'iy Ash and Qawl qadim Qawl Jadid about Hajj and Umrah can be expressed in some topic of discussion with the tendency that the arguments in Syafi'iy Ash fatwa change the dominant use ra'yu than using verse or hadith as the basis. In general, faktors that influence these changes due to the fatwa theorem, both the Qur'an and hadith that are used, social conditions, culture, customs.  ملخص :القرآن أنزل على النبي محمد تحتوي على العقائد الأساسية، والأخلاق والقانون. لمزيد من التوضيح نظرا لأنه رأى النبي طوال حياته كل حالة من الحالات والمشاكل التي تنشأ لا يمكن أن تحل على أساس القرآن والسنة. ومع ذلك، في الفترات اللاحقة، وتنمية المجتمع والتغيرات بهذه السرعة. الإمبراطورية الإسلامية الموسعة والأصدقاء كانت متناثرة في مناطق مختلفة جنبا الى جنب مع انتشار الحالي لما فعلوه. إلى جانب نشط في الجهاد والدعوة، والمرافقون أيضا تحمل مسؤولية قيادة مرجعية الفتوى والمعلومات الدينية. في الفترة المقبلة باعتبارها مسؤوليات المرجعية انتقلت إلى الحرف صديق وهلم جرا إلى المجتهد للجيل القادم. مدرسة الإمام هذا واحد ولد في فلسطين في قطاع غزة الكبرى 150 ه في مكة المكرمة، وهي فترة كافية ليتعلم من الإمام مالك في المدينة المنورة، وقد عملت في اليمن، عدة مرات وجاء الى بغداد، وأخيرا توفي في مصر سنة 204 ه في هذه المدرسة الشهيرة في الفترة السابقة والقول القول الجديد. المشكلة الرئيسية التي نوقشت في هذه الورقة كيفية تطوير الفكر القانوني الإسلامي في مدرسته عن الحج والعمرة. أمثلة على التغيرات التي طرأت على فتوى من الأحكام السابقة وأحكام الحج والعمرة يمكن التعبير عنه في بعض الموضوع مطروح للنقاش مع احتمال أن تكون حجته في فتواه تغيير المهيمنة استخدام رءي  من استخدام الآية أو الحديث كأساس. في العام، العوامل التي تؤثر هذه التغييرات نتيجة لنظرية الفتوى، فإن كلا من القرآن والحديث التي يتم استخدامها، والظروف الاجتماعية، والثقافة، والعادات.Kata Kunci: qawl qadim, qawl jadid, haji, umrah.

  15. Asie du sud | Page 44 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    driven Innovations and Social Entrepreneurship in India. Langue English. Read more about Institutional Support to South Asian Policy Research Organizations. Langue English. Read more about Soutien institutionnel à des organismes de ...

  16. Asie du sud | Page 59 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue English. Read more about Le rôle de la diaspora libanaise en ce qui concerne les conflits, la consolidation de la paix et le développement démocratique. Langue French. Read more about Home Politics Abroad : Role of Lebanese Diaspora in Conflict, Peacebuilding and Democratic Development. Langue English ...

  17. Asie du sud | Page 193 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'utilisation d'enzymes comme additifs alimentaires pour animaux a pris une expansion rapide au cours de la dernière décennie. Même si les avantages économiques et sociaux des enzymes sont bien établis, il faut pousser les travaux de recherche et de développement si l'on veut que les enzymes réalisent leur plein ...

  18. En Asie du Sud-Est, la recherche en écosanté contribue à la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 avr. 2016 ... C'est en Thaïlande que l'on observe la plus forte incidence de cholangiocarcinome, forme mortelle de cancer du foie notamment attribuable à une infection parasitaire par l'opisthorchiase (Opisthorchis viverrini). À certains endroits du nord-est de la Thaïlande, près de 85 % des habitants sont infectés par ...

  19. Asie du sud | Page 29 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Think Tank Initiative - Hewlett Foundation. Langue English. Read more about Initiative Think tank - Fondation Hewlett. Langue French. Read more about Apprentissage en collaboration pour la cogestion des ressources naturelles en Mongolie. Langue French. Read more about Collaborative Learning for ...

  20. Peningkatan Kecerdasan Anak Melalui Pemberian ASI dalam al-Qur’an

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Hanafi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Todays health researchs prove that the breast milk contains a lot of content that is not found in milk formula, especially immunologic substances. Breast milk contains anti-infective agents that are clean and free of contamination. Immune substances that exist in immunoglobulins, secretory, and lactoferrin as well as the presence of factors that can stimulate Lactobacillus bifidus to protect baby’s digestive tract. Lately also known that breast milk can increase children’s intelligence. It could be due to nutritional milk, methods, or durations of breastfeeding. Research shows that a Taurine, Decosahexanoic acid (DHA and Arachidonic acid (AA exist in breast milk is very useful in the formation of the baby’s brain cells and accelerate the stimulus from the receptor organ to the brain, so that the response can be given in a fast time. Yet long before the WHO, researchers and human rights activists has been intensifying exclusive breastfeeding, the Koran was first called to breastfeed h}awlayn kâmilayn two full years. The Relevances between the activity of breastfeeding for two full years and the brain development of baby will be discussed in this paper.

  1. Asie du sud | Page 16 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue English. Read more about Reducing Biosecurity Threats from Infectious Diseases of Pandemic Potential in Southeast Asia. Langue English. Read more about La modélisation intégrée des changements climatiques et les liens entre la recherche et les politiques pour une planification adaptative. Langue French ...

  2. Asie du sud | Page 105 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , similar struggles play out across the rest of the region, from India and Singapore to Thailand and Burma, although each national dynamic is unique. Read more about Access Contested: Security, Identity, and Resistance in Asian Cyberspace.

  3. Řasy a sinice v potravě komárů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rettich, F.; Popovský, J.; Cepák, Vladislav

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 1, č. 1 (2001), s. 93-101 ISSN 1213-3434. [Pracovní konference ČBS. Rožmberk nad Vltavou, 05.11.2001-08.11.2001] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK6005114 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6005908 Keywords : cyanophytes Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  4. Soutenir des politiques d'alimentation plus saine en Asie du Sud-Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les gouvernements de la Malaisie, de la Thaïlande et du Vietnam se sont engagés à prévenir les maladies non transmissibles et à lutter contre elles en déployant, à l'échelle nationale, des plans et des politiques stratégiques en lien avec le marketing des produits alimentaires malsains et l'accès à ces produits. Politiques ...

  5. Tenencia segura, servicios y hábitat. Experiencias asiáticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Marulanda Montes

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo hace una breve presentación de tres proyectos en Asia, que se constituyen como alternativas capaces de suministrar un desarrollo equitativo para gente que habitaba en asentamientos precarios; representan innovaciones sociales, institucionales y urbanísticas. El valor de las propuestas radica en su modestia, pues tratan de responder a situaciones difíciles con realismo. Se identificaron algunos denominadores comunes para que estos proyectos resultaran exitosos: la tenencia y seguridad de la tierra, los esfuerzos que se han hecho para incorporar a los inquilinos informales en las redes de la infraestructura urbana y la vivienda que en muchas soluciones se presta para un mejoramiento continuo e incremental. Los ejemplos aportan lecciones que pueden contribuir a solucionar problemas de escasez, calidad de vivienda y hábitat para familias de estratos bajos y marginados. Pueden servir como referencia y modelo para los gobiernos, el sector privado y la sociedad civil interesada en la construcción de una ciudad sostenible. Soluciones y conceptos aplicados en otras partes del mundo pueden llegar a ser relevantes para América Latina y Colombia.

  6. Iisraeli arvates on pronkssõdur Eesti asi / Erkki Bahovski, Toomas Huik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Vt. samal teemal ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 12. mai, lk. 6. Iisraeli välisministeeriumi Kesk-Euroopa ja Euraasia osakonna nõunik Gil Artzyeli arvates ei saa võrdsustada kommunismi natsismiga, kuna viimane tähendas selget otsust juudid likvideerida. Nõuniku sõnul on suhted uute Euroopa Liidu liikmetega paremad kui liidu vana 15 riigiga. Vt. samas: Iisrael: 60 aastat sõda

  7. Asie du sud | Page 196 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    While the increased exposure to world markets (globalization) and relaxation of domestic controls has undoubtedly given a spurt to the GDP growth rate, the ... Cette publication explore le sens que revêt l'agriculture et guide le lecteur à travers un nouveau territoire à la jonction de l'alimentation, de l'écologie et de la culture.

  8. Asie du sud | Page 113 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    While the increased exposure to world markets (globalization) and relaxation of domestic controls has undoubtedly given a spurt to the GDP growth rate, the ... Cette publication explore le sens que revêt l'agriculture et guide le lecteur à travers un nouveau territoire à la jonction de l'alimentation, de l'écologie et de la culture.

  9. Asie du sud | Page 12 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 · 9 · 10 · 11; 12; 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 … suivant › · dernier » · Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence ...

  10. Asie du sud | Page 73 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Compétences, gouvernance et nanotechnologies : pleins feux sur l'Inde. Langue French. Read more about Capability, Governance and Nanotechnology : Focus on India. Langue English. Read more about Strengthening Mission 2007 through Demonstration of Social Enterprise Models, Products and ...

  11. Une technologie de pointe venue d'Asie modernise un secteur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 oct. 2010 ... Nanotech extends shelf life of fresh fruit. An international research team is developing nanotechnology-based applications of hexanal, a natural plant extract that extends the storage lif. View moreNanotech extends shelf life of fresh fruit ...

  12. Asie du sud | Page 71 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Genetically Modified Organisms : Public Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions (India). Langue English. Read more about Connaissances, attitudes et perceptions de la population à l'égard des OGM en Inde. Langue French. Read more about Pauvreté, qualité des emplois et dynamique des marchés du ...

  13. Justice Project en Asie du Sud | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Justice Project réunit des documentaristes de renom, des chercheurs chevronnés et des praticiens afin de documenter l'état de la justice dans la région. Seront produits, au Bangladesh, au Népal, au Pakistan, au Sri Lanka et en Inde, des documents de recherche et cinq films qui exploreront les thèmes suivants : les ...

  14. Asie du sud | Page 39 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    35 · 36 · 37 · 38; 39; 40 · 41 · 42 · 43 … suivant › · dernier » · Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence ...

  15. Asie du sud | Page 85 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Les liens entre les changements dans l'utilisation des terres et la santé humaine dans l'est de l'Himalaya. Langue French. Read more about Tabagisme, tabagisme passif, maladies chroniques et pauvreté en Chine. Langue French. Read more about Active and Passive Smoking, Chronic Disease and ...

  16. Two Facets of Our Instructional Television Production: Asi se hace el vino

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozete, Oscar; And Others

    1976-01-01

    The making of a minute, color videocassette tape on winemaking is described. The tape is bilingual with Spanish and English on separate audio tracks and is accompanied by a complete script. Pedagogical and production considerations in the making of the tape are discussed. (RM)

  17. Institutionnalisation et élargissement de la protection sociale en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Pathways to Institutionalizing and Extending Social Protection in Asia. In the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis (1999), the Ford Foundation initiated a research program on Social Protection in Asia. View morePathways to Institutionalizing and Extending Social Protection in Asia ...

  18. Model for hydrogen isotope backscattering, trapping and depth profiles in C and a-Si

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cohen, S.A.; McCracken, G.M.

    1979-03-01

    A model of low energy hydrogen trapping and backscattering in carbon and a-silicon is described. Depth profiles are calculated and numerical results presented for various incident angular and energy distributions. The calculations yield a relation between depth profiles and the incident ion energy distribution. The use of this model for tokamak plasma diagnosis is discussed

  19. Une technologie de pointe venue d'Asie modernise un secteur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 oct. 2010 ... La nanotechnologie prolonge la durée de conservation des fruits frais. Une équipe de recherche internationale met au point des applications fondées sur la nanotechnologie d'hexanal, un extrait végétal naturel qui p. Voir davantageLa nanotechnologie prolonge la durée de conservation des fruits frais.

  20. Des universitaires de l'Asie et de l'Afrique échangent des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 oct. 2017 ... Les ventes de l'entreprise Karen Coffee entraînent des répercussions sociales. Après que le café Robusta a été introduit à Than Daung Gyi au cours de la période coloniale britannique, celui-ci est rapidement devenu la principa. Voir davantageLes ventes de l'entreprise Karen Coffee entraînent des ...

  1. Characterization of the a-Si EPID in the unity MR-linac for dosimetric applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Xirau, I.; Olaciregui-Ruiz, I.; Baldvinsson, G.; Mijnheer, B. J.; van der Heide, U. A.; Mans, A.

    2018-01-01

    Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are frequently used in external beam radiation therapy for dose verification purposes. The aim of this study was to investigate the dose-response characteristics of the EPID in the Unity MR-linac (Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden) relevant for dosimetric applications under clinical conditions. EPID images and ionization chamber (IC) measurements were used to study the effects of the magnetic field, the scatter generated in the MR housing reaching the EPID, and inhomogeneous attenuation from the MR housing. Dose linearity and dose rate dependencies were also determined. The magnetic field strength at EPID level did not exceed 10 mT, and dose linearity and dose rate dependencies proved to be comparable to that on a conventional linac. Profiles of fields, delivered with and without the magnetic field, were indistinguishable. The EPID center had an offset of 5.6 cm in the longitudinal direction, compared to the beam central axis, meaning that large fields in this direction will partially fall outside the detector area and not be suitable for verification. Beam attenuation by the MRI scanner and the table is gantry angle dependent, presenting a minimum attenuation of 67% relative to the 90° measurement. Repeatability, observed over two months, was within 0.5% (1 SD). In order to use the EPID for dosimetric applications in the MR-linac, challenges related to the EPID position, scatter from the MR housing, and the inhomogeneous, gantry angle-dependent attenuation of the beam will need to be solved.

  2. Mentorat par les pairs de journalistes scientifiques d'Asie et d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis 2006, le CRDI appuie le projet SjCOOP (Science Journalism Cooperation) en collaboration avec la Fédération mondiale des journalistes scientifiques (WFSJ). ... IDRC is supporting research that studies the most effective ways to empower women, prevent gender-based violence, and make digital platforms work for ...

  3. L'innovation au service de la lutte contre la dengue en Asie | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) et le Programme spécial de recherche et de formation concernant les maladies tropicales (TDR) administré par elle. Un programme semblable mené en collaboration avec le TDR soutient ...

  4. Transport and stability studies on high band gap a-Si: H films ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The films exhibit good opto-electronic properties and show less degradation upon light soaking. Light-induced changes in conductivity could be annealed at much lower temperature. The presence of Ar* and atomic hydrogen in plasma replaces the weak Si-Si bonds, which are responsible for light-induced degradation by ...

  5. On the temperature dependence of the photoconductivity of amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si Nx: H)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tessler, L.R.; Alvarez, F.; Chambouleyron, I.

    1984-01-01

    Experimental results on the photoconducticity of amorphous hydrogenated silicon nitride a-SiNx: H prepared from plasma decomposition of a gaseus mixture of silane and nitrogen ([Si H 4 ]/[N 2 ] ∼ 0.33) are presented. The material is deposited in a capacitively coupled glow discharge system and nitrogen content was continuously increased by increasing the RF power dissipated in the plasma. Studies of the photocurrent as a function of temperature as a function of temperature and lig ht intensities are reported. (Author) [pt

  6. Asie du sud | Page 96 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans les collines Kolli, dans l'État du Tamil Nadu, la monoculture d'une seule variété de manioc, non comestible, pour l'industrie de l'amidon s'est traduite par la prévalence accrue de maladies, l'érosion des sols et une perte de diversité des cultures locales, ce qui a eu une incidence négative sur la sécurité alimentaire et ...

  7. Asie du sud | Page 99 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Youth are central to Bangladesh's shift from a rural to urban economy. The country's booming garment industry has created urban employment for large numbers of rural youth, especially young women. But not everyone has equal access to these jobs. Many rural youth face barriers to urban work, including distance and a ...

  8. Asie du sud | Page 60 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about From Seed to Table : Strengthening Urban Farmers' Organizational and Marketing Skills (Middle East and North Africa). Langue English. Read more about MS Swaminathan Research Foundation : Organizational and Research Capacity Building (India). Langue English. Read more about Fondation de ...

  9. Feasibility of automatic marker detection with an a-Si flat-panel imager

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nederveen, A. J.; Lagendijk, J. J.; Hofman, P.

    2001-01-01

    Here we study automatic detection of implanted gold markers relative to the field boundary in portal images for on-line position verification. Portal images containing 1-2 MU were taken with an amorphous silicon flat-panel imager. The images were obtained with lateral field at 18 MV. Both the

  10. PENGARUH PIJAT OKSITOSIN TERHADAP PENGELUARAN ASI PADA IBU POSTPARTUM DI BPM PIPIN HERIYANTI YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imroatul Azizah

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: The lowest exclusive brest feeding rates in DIY is in the city of Yogyakarta. Exclusive breast feeding improves infant immunity so as to minimize the occurrence of diarrhea, constipation, fever that is caused by some allergic reactions. The success of primi maternal postpartum primi exclusive breast feeding is strongly influenced by the success of the early suckle. Massaging the hip area, or the costa until scapulla can provide a sense of comfort and relax in postpartum mothers so that will help the success of early breast feeding. Objectifive:This study aimed to analyze the relationship between oxytocin massage on primipara psotpartum to timing and volume of breast milk. Method: Research was conducted on primipara maternal postpartum which is divided into two groups. They are the control group; and the treatment group which was given the oxytocin massaged. Breast milk volume was measured at 12 hours after the massage by using a breast pump. The analytical method used is Student T-test. The results of this study showed a significant increase in the treatment group compared to the control group at p <0.05. Results: Massage oxytocin significantly increase the volume of breast milk (p 0,000 and breast milk accelerate spending (0,012 in comparison with the control group. Conclusion: Massage oxytocin is one of the alternatives that can be done to improve the success of exclusive breast feeding on primipara maternal postpartum.

  11. Asie du sud | Page 97 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The introduction and testing of small farm machineries such as iron plows, threshers, and dehullers (which remove the husk from the millet seed) have significantly ... Since 1998, Helen Keller International (HKI) has supported women in homestead-level production of nutrient-rich fruits, vegetables, and animal source foods.

  12. Information et réseaux en Asie et en Afrique subsaharienne | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IRAASS) est centré sur la production et l'échange de données probantes crédibles de qualité supérieure sur l'influence des initiatives numériques sur la gouvernance, la science, l'apprentissage et l'entrepreneuriat. Le programme diffuse ...

  13. PERBEDAAN KADAR ZAT BESI ASI PADA IBU MENYUSUI ANEMIA DAN TIDAK ANEMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitrah Ernawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: National House Hold Survey reported in  2001, that prevalence of anemia among infants 0-6 month old is 61%. Anemia among young infants presumably is caused by lack of breast milk iron since young infants got their nutrient mostly from  breast milk. Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess the differences of breast milk iron concentration between   anemic and non anemic of lactating mothers. Methods: The design of the study is cross-sectional. The study was done in Bogor District from April to December 2004. Samples of the study were lactating mothers who have 2-4 month old children. Results: The study found out that 34% samples had anemia. There was a significant difference (p<0.05, feritin concentration (33.24 µg/dl vs 67.86 µg/dl, and breast milk iron concentration (0.15 mg/l vs 0.28 mg/l between anemic and non anemic samples. Conclusions: The concentration of feritin, breast milk iron of the non-anemic samples were higher than the anemic samples. [Penel Gizi Makan 2007, 30(1: 8-12] Keywords: anemia status, breast milk iron, ferritin

  14. Asie du sud | Page 195 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Key opportunities for, and constraints on, policy are identified in this first round of regional studies, written by prominent researchers in Hong Kong, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and ... This publication explores the meaning of agriculture and guides the reader into new territory, where food, ecology, and culture converge.

  15. Preliminary validation of the French translation of the anxiety sensibility index-revised (ASI-R)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouvard, M; Ayxeres-Vighetto, A; Dupont, H; Aupetit, J; Portalier, S; Arrindell, W

    2003-01-01

    Anxiety sensitivity represents a stimulus-outcome expectancy that reflects individual differences in the propensity to experience fear in response to one's arousal related bodily sensations. It refers to the fear of anxiety related symptoms that are based on beliefs that such sensations have

  16. Asie du sud | Page 13 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Understanding the Market for Agro-Commodities in the West Bank. Langue English. Read more about Improving Water Governance and Climate Change Adaptation in Cambodia. Langue English. Read more about Étude des politiques relatives à l'établissement des prix et à la taxation de l'alcool en Inde.

  17. Les femmes et la militarisation en Asie du Sud : bourses de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 mai 2016 ... Solar dryers are improving livelihoods in Bhutan. Des séchoirs à fruits et à légumes fonctionnant à l'énergie solaire aident les résidents de villages reculés du sud‑est du Bhoutan à accroître leur. Voir davantageSolar dryers are improving livelihoods in Bhutan ...

  18. Asie du sud | Page 93 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Solar dryers are improving livelihoods in Bhutan. Langue English. Des séchoirs à fruits et à légumes fonctionnant à l'énergie solaire aident les résidents de villages reculés du sud‑est du Bhoutan à accroître leur sécurité alimentaire et à améliorer leurs moyens de subsistance, ceux-ci vivant de la vente de ...

  19. Obstacles commerciaux à la lutte antitabac en Asie du Sud-Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Comparison of Fiscal and Regulatory Policies to Prevent Non-Communicable Diseases in India. India is facing a rising burden of cardiovascular disease and obesity-related diabetes due to increasingly unhealthy diets and tobacco use. View moreComparison of Fiscal and Regulatory Policies to Prevent ...

  20. KAJIAN IMPLEMENTASI PERATURAN DAERAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA NOMOR 1 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Anggraini

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the study of Yogyakarta regulation no 1 year 2014 about exclusive breastfeeding. The study employed qualitative study using inductive data analysis. The research subject was breastfeeding mothers and KP-mothers motivator taken through purposive sampling. The data where taken through in depth interview and focus group discussion. The research instrument was an interview guideline. The validity of the data used triangulation data. The on-going implementation are IMD, exclusive breast milk, cooperative care, and administrative sanction. The unaccomplished implementation is reward. The implementation which needs to be improved are monitoring, providing lactation room at offices and public facilities, and utilizing baby formula and other baby's products. The conclution is the implementation of Yogyakarta city regulation has not realized yet because it does not run as the policy in the regulation of this area.Keywords: implementation study, Yogyakarta regulation no 1 year 2014 about breastfeeding

  1. Asie du sud | Page 194 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Asian societies are complex and undergoing rapid change. Notions of gender, class, caste, ethnicity, and age are integral to understanding power relations and decision-making processes concerning the access, use, and management of natural resources. As well, a sound understanding of social difference is needed to ...

  2. Des messages textes peuvent sauver des vies en Asie du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    30 mai 2012 ... Les travailleurs de la santé communautaire enregistrent le diagnostic de leurs patients à l'aide d'un logiciel installé sur un téléphone mobile. Ils transmettent ensuite les données directement aux centres d'épidémiologie nationaux de Colombo, au Sri Lanka, et de Chennai, en Inde. Un logiciel d'exploration ...

  3. EFEKTIFITAS PIJAT PUNGGUNG MENGGUNAKAN MINYAK ESENSIAL LAVENDER TERHADAP PRODUKSI ASI IBU PASCA SALIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahida Yuliana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the effect of back massage using lavender essensial oils toward milk production of postpartum mother at  Community Health Center of Yogyakarta city. The design ofthe study wasQuasiexperimentwithpost testonlynonequivalentcontrolgroupdesign.Thesampling technique isconsecutive  sampling.There is 30 respondents for each group. The analysis used waschi-square test. The analysis results showed the treatment ofback massageusinglavenderis RR 3,33, it means thatit has chanceof 3,33times toincrease milk productionaftermassasecontrolled bytreatment, parity, BMI andfrequency of breastfeeding. The fifth modelis the bestmodelbecause it is ableto explainthe breastmilk productionby 26%.  Keywords: back massage, lavender, breastmilk production, postpartum woman

  4. Asie du sud | Page 70 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about National Innovation Systems in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). Langue English. Read more about Avian Influenza Policy Analysis. Langue English. Read more about Analyse des politiques sur la grippe aviaire. Langue French. Read more about Collaboration panasiatique pour ...

  5. Rendement des entreprises en Asie - utilisation de données sur les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans les pays en développement, toutefois, la grande majorité des micro et petites entreprises ne prennent jamais d'expansion et ne comptent que quelques ... Les entrepreneurs doivent également posséder les compétences, les ressources et les outils technologiques leur permettant de saisir les bonnes occasions qui se ...

  6. Asie du sud | Page 32 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Improving Internet Governance: Support to the Global Commission on Internet Governance. Langue English. Read more about Améliorer la gouvernance d'Internet : soutien à la Global Commission on Internet Governance. Langue French. Read more about Digital learning for development in Asia (DL4D).

  7. Asie du sud | Page 90 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Safe streets play a crucial role in enabling livelihoods, mobility, and access to services. In fast-growing Indian cities such as Ahmedabad, streets are also the site of conflict. With incomes and vehicle ownership on the rise, traffic has replaced people as the central point of street design. Vehicle-focused street design is limiting ...

  8. Asie du sud | Page 92 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-05-21

    The Zubaan Series on Sexual Violence and Impunity in South Asia, formally launched in New Delhi on May 21, 2016, presents severe statements about criminal justice systems in South Asia that ... The survey also revealed that the poorer the people, the larger the share of mobile expenditure relative to personal income.

  9. Integration of Solar Cells on Top of CMOS Chips Part I: a-Si Solar Cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, J.; Kovalgin, Alexeij Y.; van der Werf, Karine H.M.; Schropp, Ruud E.I.; Schmitz, Jurriaan

    2011-01-01

    We present the monolithic integration of deepsubmicrometer complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) microchips with a-Si:H solar cells. Solar cells are manufactured directly on the CMOS chips. The microchips maintain comparable electronic performance, and the solar cells show efficiency values

  10. Mart Kivastik: filmis on asi esimese kahe minutiga selge / intervjueerinud Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivastik, Mart, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Mart Kivastik oma esimesest täispikast mängufilmist "Üks mu sõber", eesti filmi ummikseisust, tugevatest stsenaristidest, oma stsenaristitööst "Taarkas" ja "Vashas", filmidest, mida ta tahaks teha, endast, oma tõekspidamistest

  11. Asie du sud | Page 7 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'éducation dans l'hémisphère sud est confrontée à plusieurs importants défis interdépendants dont la solution semble reposer sur les ressources éducatives libres (REL). Ces défis comprennent l'accès inégal à l'éducation, la qualité variable des ressources éducatives, de l'enseignement et du rendement des étudiants, ...

  12. Mentorat par les pairs de journalistes scientifiques d'Asie et d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis 2006, le CRDI appuie le projet SjCOOP (Science Journalism Cooperation) en collaboration avec la Fédération mondiale des journalistes scientifiques (WFSJ) ... Le CRDI investit dans des solutions locales aux problèmes auxquels l'Inde est confrontée, comme le stress thermique, la gestion de l'eau et les migrations ...

  13. Speckle Interferometry of Close Visual Binaries with the ZW Optical ASI 224MC CMOS Camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genet, Russell; Rowe, David; Ashcraft, Clif; Wen, Sam; Jones, Gregory; Schillings, Benoit; Harshaw, Richard; Ray, Jimmy; Hass, Jacob

    2016-03-01

    Rapid improvements have been made in the design and manufacture of high-speed CMOS cameras with low read noise. Scientific CMOS (sCMOS) cameras appeared on the market a few years ago with performance approaching that of EMCCD cameras. Although sCMOS cameras remained expensive (typically over 10,000), there was hope that the cost of the low-noise CMOS chips would be reduced, allowing them to be incorporated into low-cost, mass-market cameras. This happened recently. A team at Sony developed a low read-noise (less than 1 electron) chip that has been incorporated in a camera made by ZWO that only costs 359 US, and just weighs 120 g (4.2 oz). Benoit Shillings obtained one of these cameras, placed it on his 0.5-meter telescope in San Jose, California, and, using a list of targets supplied by Richard Harshaw, quickly demonstrated that the new ZWO camera could observe remarkably faint and close double stars.

  14. Escurecimento interno de pêra asiática 'Ya Li' durante o armazenamento refrigerado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRACKMANN AURI

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A pêra 'Ya Li' apresenta escurecimento da polpa poucos dias após o armazenamento refrigerado. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar condições de armazenamento visando a diminuir os danos pela baixa temperatura inicial em peras 'Ya Li'. As condições iniciais estabelecidas foram: 1 0ºC; 2 5ºC, nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 0,7ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 3 10ºC nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias; 4 10º C nos 10 primeiros dias, com redução de 1,4ºC por dia, durante sete dias, sempre em atmosfera controlada (2,0kPa de O2 e < 1,0kPa de CO2; 5 10ºC nos 10 dias iniciais, com posterior exposição direta dos frutos a 0ºC. Em seqüência aos tratamentos iniciais, os frutos foram submetidos ao armazenamento refrigerado a 0ºC, com exceção do tratamento "4" que foi mantido continuamente em atmosfera controlada. Após 52 dias de armazenamento, verificou-se escurecimento interno, superior a 68% em todos os tratamentos. As temperaturas mais elevadas, no início, não evitaram a ocorrência do escurecimento durante o armazenamento.

  15. Asie du sud | Page 89 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Economic growth is driving population growth in Indian cities, particularly in small and medium-sized centres. This rapid urbanization is fueling conflict over scarce resources, including land, water, and public investment. With a high proportion of the poor living and working in the informal sector and unplanned settlments, ...

  16. Vers des mégapoles innovantes, vivables et prospères en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Or, très peu de recherches ont tenté de mettre au jour les moteurs de l'innovation dans les milieux urbains complexes des économies émergentes. Cette subvention ... Des chercheurs appuyés par le CRDI parlent de leurs expériences au Comité sur les ONG lors du forum de la Commission de la condition de la femme.

  17. Asie du sud | Page 38 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Reducing Vulnerability to the Threat of Japanese Encephalitis in Nepal. Langue English. Read more about Citizen-centric Delivery of Justice: An Agenda for Democratic Reforms. Langue English. Read more about Administration de la justice axée sur les citoyens : un programme pour la mise en oeuvre ...

  18. Agents de changement : la philanthropie dans certains pays d'Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 avr. 2016 ... Levers for change: philanthropy in select South East Asian countries. This report by the Lien Centre f. View moreLevers for change: philanthropy in select South East Asian countries ...

  19. Violence sexuelle et impunité en Asie du Sud | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Même si le recours répété au viol ne fait pas de doute, le tribunal international pour les crimes de guerre établi au Bangladesh en 2009 n'en a fait aucune ... IDRC has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of India that enables Canada to continue supporting important research in India.

  20. Initiative de recherche concertée sur l'adaptation en Afrique et en Asie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ) renforce la résilience dans ces points névralgiques en soutenant la ... la mise en œuvre de l'IRCAAA aux aspirations initiales; la politique scientifique concernant la conception et l'analyse des portefeuilles de recherche; ...

  1. La nanotechnologie en Asie du Sud : renforcement des capacités et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La nanotechnologie désigne l'étude et l'utilisation de la matière à très petite échelle, généralement de l'ordre de 1 à 100 nanomètres (1 mètre = 1 milliard de nanomètres). À l'instar de la biotechnologie, la nanotechnologie pourrait profiter énormément aux pauvres, mais elle pourrait aussi entraîner des coûts énormes.

  2. Comparison of teh performance of SD Bioline Syphilis 3.0 assay ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: A total of 498 serum samples were initially tested on both SD BIOLINE Syphilis 3.0 and rapid plasma reagin (RPR) tests and were then confirmed on Treponema pallidum hemaagglutination (TPHA) test. Results: The overall seroprevalence of syphilis was 5.6% (28/498) on TPHA, 8.2% (41/498) on SD BIOLINE ...

  3. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay seroreactivity among healthy Indian donors and its association with other transfusion transmitted diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangeeta Pahuja

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of syphilis infection by Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA among blood donors in Delhi and to study their correlation with other markers of transfusion transmitted infections such as hepatitis C virus (HCV, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg so as to establish the utility of TPHA over and above venereal diseases research laboratory test (VDRL, not only as a marker for testing T. pallidum infection, but also as a marker of high risk behavior. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in the Regional Blood Transfusion Centre, Lady Hardinge Medical College and associated Sucheta Kriplani Hospital, New Delhi for a period of 2 years. Donated blood was screened for TPHA seroreactivity along with screening for anti HIV I and II, anti-HCV, HBsAg by third generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test. A total of 8082 serum samples of blood donors were collected from healthy blood donors in our blood bank. They were classified into two groups- test group and control group based on TPHA positivity. The co-occurrence of HBsAg, HIV and HCV infection were determined in TPHA positive blood donors (test group in comparison with TPHA negative blood donors (control group. Results: We found the TPHA seroreactivity to be 4.4% in Delhi′s blood donors. Nearly 8.2% (663/8082 of the donated blood had serological evidence of infection by at least one pathogen (syphilis/HIV/hepatitis B virus/HCV and 6.63% (44/663 donors with positive serology had multiple infections (two or more. Quadruple infection was seen in one donor, triple infection was seen in three donors and double infection was seen in 40 donors. Prevalence of HIV seroreactivity was found to be statistically significant and HCV seroreactivity statistically insignificant in TPHA positive group in comparison to TPHA negative group. Discussion: In our study, the

  4. Pola Pemberian ASI dan MP-ASI pada Anak 0-2 Tahun Ditinjau dari Aspek Sosial Ekonomi di Wilayah Pesisir Desa Weujangka Kecamatan Kuala Kabupaten Bireuen Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Khandila

    2010-01-01

    Until now still be found feeding on age appropriate child who is not like giving inaccurate complementary feeding ang given ti children under 6 month. Therefore, this research was aimed to know the pattern of breastfeeding and complement feeding to 0-2 year old babies, viewed from the families’ socio-economic aspects. This research was descriptive with cross-sectional design. The samples were 40 families who owned children 0-2 year. The data were gathered by using the questionnaires whic...

  5. Change of the equivalent circuit constants accompanied by the degradation and recovery of efficiency on a-Si solar cells; A-Si taiyo denchi no koritsu no rekka to kaifuku ni tomonau toka kairo teisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T.; Nakamura, K.; Koyanagi, T.; Yanagisawa, T. [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Investigations were given on how the equivalent circuit constants change when efficiency of amorphous silicon solar cells changes with time in light degradation and temperature recovery. In the experiment, light irradiation tests under a constant temperature and light intensity condition, followed by recovery tests under a constant temperature and constant weak light intensity or constant temperature condition were repeated continuously. According to the result of an experiment on single layer type cells, the change in each equivalent circuit constant in association with degradation in efficiency and file factor and variation in recovery is reversible mostly. However, a slightly irreversible component was recognized only in the initial degradation process in series resistance and diode factor values. With regard to stacked cells, it was suggested that the main players to determine cell characteristics during the processes of deterioration and recovery take turns among the three layers as follows: the shape of the time-based change in the efficiency comes different and is not saturating; as the efficiency decreases, the extent of the change increases in the diode factor and series resistance; and the path the deterioration takes differs from that the recovery takes. 2 refs., 12 figs.

  6. Raul Reemet : Jaapanis äritegemine on üldse kõige raskem asi / Raul Reemet ; interv. Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reemet, Raul

    2005-01-01

    Mööbliärimees ja jaapani restorani Sushi House omanik selgitab, miks on ettevõtjal keeruline siseneda Jaapani turule. Kvaliteedi tähtsustamisest Jaapanis, jaapanlaste ärietikett. Diagrammid: Jaapani peamised majandusnäitajad

  7. Protection de la vie privée dans un monde numérique en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La croissance exponentielle de la capacité de stockage des données conjuguée à l'essor des médias sociaux et à la multiplication des applications ... Le CRDI investit dans des solutions locales aux problèmes auxquels l'Inde est confrontée, comme le stress thermique, la gestion de l'eau et les migrations liées aux ...

  8. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN PEMAHAMAN MATEMATIS SISWA MENGGUNAKAN PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA GASING (Gampang, ASyIk, dan menyenaNGkan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armianti Armianti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by the low student learning outcomes in the material triangle and parallelogram caused by a lack of understanding of students about the forms of flat wake triangle and parallelogram so when the teacher gives about the shape Flat figure that is different from that taught teachers, students find it difficult to do. Therefore the use of learning with math GASING (easy, fun, and enjoyable. The purpose of research is to know the size of the average N-gain in the ability of students mathematical understanding once taught using learning math GASING. This research was conducted in SDN RUMPAKSINANG with grade IV samples of 31 people in November 2015. The method used in this research is the type pre-experimental design with the design of one group pretest-posttest. The results showed from this research that there is an increased ability to learn the students' understanding after learning of Mathematics GASING. The increase was seen from the average N-gain of 0.3813 which is included in the medium category.

  9. La boîte de Pandore : un nouveau modèle pour l'éducation en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 janv. 2011 ... Nombre de ceux qui n'ont connu que l'apprentissage en face-à-face estiment que la qualité de la pédagogie par téléenseignement est inférieure à celle ... En fait, sur le continent asiatique, l'éducation à distance qui se prévaut des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) constitue une ...

  10. Ressources libres et qualité du téléenseignement en Asie | Page 2 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    éducation, de telle sorte que de nombreux pays pourraient ne pas être en mesure d'atteindre les objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement en matière d'éducation d'ici à 2015; bon nombre de pays tentent de remédier à la situation grâce au ...

  11. Suivi et évaluation de l'initiative Villes ciblées (IVC) en Asie | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Replicable Waste Recycling Project in Gianyar, Bali. Urban areas in Indonesia generate about 55 000 tonnes of solid waste per day, an amount that is expected to triple by 2025. View moreReplicable Waste Recycling Project in Gianyar, Bali ...

  12. Étudier l'approche écosanté en Chine et en Asie du Sud-Est | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 avr. 2017 ... Les scientifiques ont analysé des échantillons d'urine de fermiers dans le comté de Yuanmou, une importante région maraîchère de la Chine, dont 28 % montraient des traces d'au moins un pesticide, même si en l'an 2000 la région a adopté des pesticides de faible toxicité. Les membres de l'équipe ont ...

  13. AJZEN’İN PLANLANMIŞ DAVRANIŞ TEORİSİ BAĞLAMINDA WHISTLEBLOWING (BİLGİ İFŞASI)

    OpenAIRE

    MERCAN, Nuray

    2015-01-01

    Whistleblowing uzun yıllardan beri Amerika’da bir fenomen olarak politik kültürün bir unsuru olmuştur. Örgütsel yanlış uygulamalar ve etik dışı davranışlar niteliğindeki işyerlerinde her türlü etik dışı davranış whistleblowing kapsamındadır. İşyerlerinde etik dışı davranışlardan korunmak ve etkilerini azaltmak için whistleblowing örgütlerde artırılmalıdır. Örgütlerdeki etik dışı ve yasal olmayan davranışların ve olayların açıklanması ve sistemli bir şekilde incelenmesi ile etik dışı olan...

  14. La synchronisation intra- et inter-régionale des cycles économiques en Europe et en Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Elgahry, Baher Ahmed

    2016-01-01

    Le débat relatif à la globalisation ou à la régionalisation des cycles conjoncturels a été intense au cours des dernières années. Cette discussion a largement eu lieu dans le contexte plus large du processus de mondialisation des économies. Notre article contribue à ce débat en testant l’impact de l’intra-régionalisme vs. l’inter-régionalisme économique sur la corrélation des cycles conjoncturels, en accordant une attention particulière à la relation euro-asiatique. Nous observons que l’effet...

  15. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI, KONSUMSI ZAT GIZI, DAN KELENGKAPAN KARTU MENUJU SEHAT (KMS TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BAYI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suci Pujiyanti

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} Breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card (KMS are very crucial to support infant development. The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card to the nutritional status.  Sample of babies who breastfed and having KMS were taken from 50 babies aged around 4-12 months using a simple random sampling method. Pearson corelation, Spearman corelation, and backward linear regression were used to analyze data. Linear regression analysis between the length of breastfeeding (p0.05  the infant  nutritional status. The analysis also showed effect of weighing, immunization, and giving vitamin A to infant nutritional status. Keywords: breastfeeding, nutrient consumption, healthy card

  16. Réduction des pertes de mangues après la récolte en Asie du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 avr. 2016 ... Près de 70 % de la production mondiale de mangues provient de l'Inde, mais les pertes après récolte en raison d'une manutention, d'un transport et d'une transformation inadéquats peuvent atteindre 35 %. De plus, les prix obtenus par les producteurs sont souvent peu élevés à cause de la saturation du ...

  17. Réduction des pertes de mangues après la récolte en Asie du Sud

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    transport. • La plus grande disponibilité des mangues accroît la sécurité nutritionnelle des femmes et des enfants, tant par la consommation qui en est faite que par les revenus qu'elles procurent et qui permettent d'acheter des aliments nutritifs. • Les producteurs et les productrices de mangues ont tendance à prendre des ...

  18. Mempertimbangkan Tingkat Maqasid asy-Syari’ah dalam Penentuan Anggaran Belanja Pemerintah (Evaluasi terhadap APBN 2008-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maftukhatusolikhah Maftukhatusolikhah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The result of a study evaluating three things, namely: how to position maqasid ash-Shari'ah in the perspective of Islamic economy, how to determine the state budget according to the perspective of maqasid ash-Shari'ah, and how to distribute  the state budget based on the perspective of maqasid ash-Shari'ah.  It can be concluded that at first the state budget should be based on five aspects: the maintenance of religion, life, lineage, sense and treasure. Second, according to maqasid ash-Shari'ah by using domain analysis and looking at the realization of state budget in 2008–2013, the budget did not describe the level of the existing maqasid ash-Shari'ah or in the moderate level. It can be seen from the hierarchy pooling of maqasid ash-Shari'ah that the maintainance of life (hifdzu an-nafs ranks first with a total budget of Rp. 137.4 trillion; followed by the maintenance of treasure (hifdzu al-mal with a total budget of 122.9 trillion; maintenance of sense (hifdzu al-aql with a total budget of 121 trillion; maintenance of religion (hifdzu ad-din with a total budget of 40.6 trillion; and maintenance of lineage (hifdzu an-nasl with a total budget of 12.4 trillion.

  19. Impacto de la crisis en el mercado de eurobonos: ‘rating’ y nuevos emisores asiáticos

    OpenAIRE

    Guaita Martínez, José Manuel; Martí Selva, María Luisa; Puertas Medina, Rosa María

    2015-01-01

    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. [ES] La crisis financiera ha supuesto importantes cambios en la situación financiera internacional. Concretamente, en el mercado de eurobonos, las consecuencias han sido determinantes sobre el comportamiento de los inversores y emisores. En este contexto de recesión, el artículo tiene como objetivo analizar su impacto sobre el mercado de eurobonos, tratando de esclarecer el papel que han d...

  20. Plans de gestion de l'eau adaptés au climat pour les villes de l'Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Economic analysis of solid waste management and drainage for climate resilient cities in South Asia. Most fast-growing cities in South Asia face increased waterlogging and water contamination from improperly managed solid waste. View moreEconomic analysis of solid waste management and drainage for climate ...

  1. PENGUJIAN ASAM LEMAK BEBAS DAN AKTIVITAS MIKROBA PADA BMC-MP-ASI BUAH SUKUN DAN KACANG BENGUK SELAMA PENYIMPANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wisnu Satyajaya

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Free fatty acid and microbial activity of weaning food from bread fruit (Atocarpus communis and surly bean (Mucuna pruriens L during storage was evaluated in this research. Variables of research were consisted of duration of storage on 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks and also the using of polyetylene and alumunium foil. The result showed that product has fulfilled the SNI standard with level of : protein 15.42%, fat 6.74%, fiber 3.375%, water 3.63%, ash content 3.576% and carbohydrate 72.25. During storage, free fatty acid (FFA level and microba  increased and had significant effects between two kinds of packaging material where alumunium foil tended to have a better effect than that of polyetylene. Keywords : weaning food, bread fruit, slury bean, storage

  2. ANALISIS PENGARUH STRES KERJA DAN MOTIV ASI INTRINSIK TERHADAP KINERJA KARY A W AN DENGAN PENGALAMAN KERJA SEBAGAI VARIABEL PEMODERASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Putu Premierita Haryanti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Thi s  study  aims  to  analyze  the moderating  role  of work  experience  on the effect  of work  stress.  The  study wasconducted  at  the  Bali  Dynasty Resort   Kuta  with a  sample  of  84 people,   selected  by proportioned  stratifiedrandom  sampl ing  method.  Data  were  analyzed  using  Moderated  Regression  Analysis  (MRA.  It  found  thatwork experience was able to moderate  stress whi le working on the performance of work experience was  notable  to moderate the  influence of  intrinsic  motivation on  performance.  Head  of the company  should  improveemployee performance  through opt imal  recruitment not ice  and pay  at tention to  the  work  experience of  theapplicants  as  well   as  providing  information  on  employment  status  and  length  of  employment  to  the  peoplewho elected as an employee

  3. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM ANAK PIDANA DALAM PERSPEKTIF MAQASID ASY-SYARI’AH (Studi Kasus Penanganan Anak Pidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsaid Marsaid

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Indonesia as a country with social cultured law, dueto the influence of globalization shows the behavior of thepeople in his life increasingly complex. Such behavior can beseen from two sides, namely in accordance with the norms andnot in accordance with the norm, so that such conditions spreadto the entire line of people's lives. This article will exploreproblems criminal children who are in prison in Jambi.ملخص: اندونیسیا كدولة للقانون مثقف الاجتماعي ، ویرجع ذلك إلى تأثیر العولمة یدلعلى سلوك الناس في حیاتھ یزداد تعقیدا . ویمكن رؤیة مثل ھذا السلوك من الجانبین ،وھي وفقا ل معاییر ولیس وفقا ل معیار بحیث یمكن لھذه الظروف انتشرت في خطكامل من حیاة الناس. ھذه المادة سوف استكشاف مشاكل الأطفال الجنائي الذین ھم فيالسجن في جامبيKata Kunci: Anak Bermasalah dengan Hukum (ABH

  4. Use of Satellite SAR Data for Seismic Risk Management: Results from the Pre-Operational ASI-SIGRIS Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvi, Stefano; Vignoli, Stefano; Zoffoli, Simona; Bosi, Vittorio

    2010-12-01

    The scope of the SIGRIS pilot project is the development of an infrastructure to provide value-added information services for the seismic risk management, assuring a close integration between ground-based and satellite Earth Observation data. The project is presently in the demonstration phase, and various information products are constantly generated and disseminated to the main user, the Italian Civil Protection Department. We show some examples of the products generated during the Crisis management of the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake in Central Italy. We also show an example of products generated for the Knowledge and Prevention service in support of the seismic hazard assessment in the area of the Straits of Messina.

  5. Protection de la vie privée dans un monde numérique en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    utilisateurs d'Internet et des technologies mobiles. ... The exponential growth of data storage capability coupled with the rise of social media and Internet business applications means that companies and governments now have the ability to ...

  6. Kadri Liik : välispoliitika on väga praktiline asi / Kadri Liik ; interv. Urmet Kook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liik, Kadri, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise kaitseuuringute keskuse juht vastab küsimustele, miks oli vaja luua kaitseuuringutega tegelev mõttekoda, millele kaitseuuringud keskenduvad, kes meeskonda kuuluvad. Tema sõnul peab keskuse uurimistööl olema praktiline väärtus, eesmärk on olla praktikutega tihedates sidemetes. Vt. samas: Urmet Kook. TÜ professor peab oluliseks eelnevat akadeemilist kogemust; Kivirähk poliitilist avalikku arvamust enam ei uuri

  7. Faire progresser la théorie et la pratique de l'évaluation en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans le cadre de ce projet, les chercheurs s'intéressent aux politiques budgétaires (exonérations fiscales, taxe sur la valeur ajoutée, impôt foncier) qui ... Le CRDI estime que l'évaluation constitue un élément essentiel à la conception d'approches efficaces du développement et de la recherche sur le développement.

  8. Politique budgétaire et développement de l'entreprise en Asie du Sud

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans le cadre d'un programme de recherche concertée géré par l'organisme pakistanais Governance Institutes Network International, des chercheurs rattachés à des groupes de réflexion sur les politiques de l'Inde, du Pakistan, du Sri Lanka du ... Human Rights and Peace Audit on Partition in South Asia - Phase II.

  9. Medición de capital intelectual en empresas asiáticas: el caso de Reliance Industries Ltd. (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Ordóñez de Pablos, Patricia

    2001-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un marco conceptual integrador de la literatura de capital intelectual. A partir de él, se analizará la elaboración de informes de capital intelectual en Asia, en particular, es una empresa con una posición competitiva privilegiada en India: Reliance Industries LTD.

  10. 29. IV-22. V on Stora Enso Packaging ASi uues tehasehoones Jälgimäel Tänassilma tehnopargis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Noorte kunstnike näitus "Paper Talks!". Väljapaneku koordinaator Maarin Ektermann. Installatsiooni märksõna on interdistsiplinaarsus, kaasa on haaratud hüpermaal, graafika, arhitektoonika, videokunst

  11. Microstructural and optical properties of A-Si: H deposited by DC plasma glow discharge of electrode polarity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salam, R.; Danker, A.R.

    1993-01-01

    A method for deducing the density of valence electrons and the average atomic separation of Si atoms in a-Si:H are presented. Refractive index and optical absorption experimental data on a variety of dc glow discharge deposited a-Si:H samples are utilized to deduce the two parameters. The density of valence electrons depict values in the range (1.47-6.15)x10 22 cm -3 while the average atomic spacing varies within 3.13-4.61 A. The existence of microvoids and regions of rich silicon-hydride phase are proposed to account for this. Comparisons of the electrical conductivity, optical parameters and vibrational modes are done for cathode and anode deposited a-Si:H samples. Conductivity for both types of samples are the same at around 1.3x10 -9 (Ωcm) -1 , but significant differences are observed in the values of the refractive index n and the optical gap Eg of the cathode (4.06, 1.95 eV) and anode (3.13, 2.34 eV) samples. Observations on the infrared spectrum of the two a-Si:H samples suggests that the anode sample contain appreciable amount and a higher proportion of oxygen, as identified by the 2080cm -1 shift of the Si-H stretching mode, while a strong Si-H 3 symmetric deformation mode is proposed to occur in the cathode sample

  12. Measuring the Psychosocial Characteristics of Teacher Candidates through the Academic Self-Identity: Self-Observation Yearly (ASI SOY) Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Belinda Bustos; Clark, Ellen Riojas; Guerra, Norma S.; Casebeer, Cindy M.; Sanchez, Serafin V.; Mayall, Hayley J.

    2010-01-01

    This study contends that multiple psychosocial factors mediate students' pursuit of the teaching profession, including beliefs, ethnic identity, acculturation, efficacy, and motivation. Despite the myriad literature addressing teacher characteristics, less is known about how these factors influence the academic or personal development of teacher…

  13. Villes écologiques ou durables, exemples d'approches différentes en Asie en Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.P. van Dijk (Meine Pieter)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractLes défis comme l'urbanisation et dégradation environnementale dans des villes historiques peuvent être résolus dans le cadre de la gestion urbaine. Van Dijk (2006) a défini la gestion urbaine comme résoudre les problèmes des communautés urbaines en diminuant en même temps les risques

  14. Pandangan Sosial Budaya terhadap ASI Eksklusif di Wilayah Panarung Palangkaraya (Social and Cultural Aspect toward Exclusive Breastfeeding in Panarung Palangkaraya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwirina Hervilia

    2016-07-01

    Socio-cultural factors is an adequately strong driving factor towards someone to behave. This socio-cultural factors shape a mother’s willingness to give breast feeding exclusively. A mother who supports her neighborhood to do exclusive breast feeding will also affect the attitude of the mother to give breast feeding exclusively. According to the monthly reports on the number of Puskesmas Panarung coverage exclusive breast feeding figures was 5,81%. The purpose of this research is to know the attitudes and socio-cultural factors of the mother toward  exclusive breast feeding The method used was a qualitative approach by exploring the sources of information through in-depth interviews to mothers and health workers in Puskesmas as informants as many as 28 people. Participatory observation was also performed to mothers and babies. The research results obtained by all informants argued that most good food given to infants is breast feeding. But in practice the mother feels that there are still many difficulties. Health workers had positif minds and assumed that the mother's willingness to provide exclusive breast feeding is a key to success. The informant believed the presence of food that can increase the production of breastmilk such as green vegetables including katuk leaves, cassava leaves, and beans. Prelacteal food was  given in the form of forest honey, coffee, thick coconut milk, brown sugar liquid, and infant formula. Prelacteal food was culturally trusted among generations for example, by giving the forest honey because of its sweetness, coffee drink due to its property to prevent from seizures, thick coconut milk to cleanse the stomach. Baby feeding administration conducted by informants were heavily influenced by parents. There is also midwife, neighbors, Posyandu’s role as well as the effort of individual information . It was then concluded from this study that social and cultural aspects are heavily influential in which mothers are very obedient with local customs. In addition, much information based on soial and cultural aspect is not relevant with healt information. Keywords : breast feeding exclusively, social culture, prelacteal food

  15. Apprentissage numérique en vue du développement en Asie (DL4D ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    apprentissage numériques, l'enseignement intelligemment assisté par ordinateur et les cours en ligne ouverts à tous constituent une occasion unique d'améliorer la qualité de l'éducation de façon économique et à grande échelle. Le Projet ...

  16. Instituciones jurídicas y crecimiento económico: la experiencia asiática

    OpenAIRE

    Germán Burgos

    2006-01-01

    Este ensayo muestra que el consenso sobre la importancia de las instituciones para el crecimiento económico se apoya en Weber y North, para quienes las instituciones jurídicas hacen posible predecir la acción del Estado y de los agentes económicos. Para Weber, el derecho basado en la racionalidad formal contribuyó al desarrollo del capitalismo creando un ambiente seguro para la inversión. Para North, la limitación de los abusos del Estado garantizó el establecimiento de derechos de propiedad ...

  17. Étudier l'approche écosanté en Chine et en Asie du Sud-Est | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 avr. 2017 ... En plus de fournir des renseignements sur la santé, l'équipe de recherche a encouragé l'utilisation de vestes moustiquaires imprégnées d'insecticide comme mesure de protection ... La version originale anglaise du présent article a été publiée dans l'édition de 2017 de la publication Asia Research News.

  18. La boîte de Pandore : un nouveau modèle pour l'éducation en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 janv. 2011 ... Formation à distance. À peine ces mots prononcés, un stéréotype surgit à l'esprit — celui d'un système d'éducation de « second choix ». Nombre de ceux qui n'ont connu que l'apprentissage en face-à-face estiment que la qualité de la pédagogie par téléenseignement est inférieure à celle dont bénéficient ...

  19. Protection de la vie privée dans un monde numérique en Asie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 juin 2016 ... Solar dryers are improving livelihoods in Bhutan. Des séchoirs à fruits et à légumes fonctionnant à l'énergie solaire aident les résidents de villages reculés du sud‑est du Bhoutan à accroître leur. Voir davantageSolar dryers are improving livelihoods in Bhutan · Ce que nous faisons · Financement ...

  20. 'Videokunst on tõsine asi,' räägib kunstnik Al Paldrock / Al Paldrok ; interv. Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paldrok, Al, 1969-

    1998-01-01

    Intervjuu Pärnu filmipäevade (2.-4. apr.) ühe peakorraldaja, Helsingis Kuvataide akadeemias video- ja keskkonnakunsti õppinud Al Paldrokiga filmipäevadest (kus esitatakse nii video-, reklaam- kui dokumentaalfilme), eesti filmist ja videokunstist, rühmitusest 'Vedelik'

  1. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ASI DAN STIMULASI PSIKOSOSIAL TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN SOSIAL-EMOSI ANAK BALITA PADA KELUARGA IBU BEKERJA DAN TIDAK BEKERJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Latifah

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research were to know characteristics of family and child who come from family whose working mother and unworking mother; to analyze the differences of breastfeeding and psychosocial stimulation between two groups; to analyze the correlation between characteristics family and child, with breastfeeding and psychosocial stimulation; and to analyze the impact of breastfeeding and psychosocial stimulation toward child’s social-emotion development. A cross sectional design was applied in this research. This research represented the part of Yuliati’s (2006 research which entitled “Study of behavior buying and consuming milk for 2-5 years old of child and impact to child’s growth and development”. Population in this research represented sample from Yuliati’s research that were selected by purposive with criteria 3,5-5 years old of children who come from family whose working mother and unworking mother. The result showed that there were not significant differences between characteristics of family and child, duration of breastfeeding and psychosocial stimulation between two groups. Correlation test of Rank Spearman showed that only father’s education and family’s income that had significantly negative correlation with duration of breastfeeding. Meanwhile, father’s education, mother’s education, family’s income and mother’s knowledge about child’s growth and development significantly had positive correlation with psychosocial stimulation. Based on gender, girl significantly had higher psychosocial stimulation than buy. Psychosocial stimulation and child’s age were dominant factor in influencing child’s social-emotion development, while duration of breastfeeding was not influencing.

  2. EELS measurements of boron concentration profiles in p-a-Si and nip a-Si solar cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Aken, Bas B.; Duchamp, Martial; Boothroyd, Chris

    2012-01-01

    -3, using core-loss EELS combined with numerical analysis. We control the band gap and activation energy of p-a-SiC by varying the B2H6 and CH4 flow during deposition in the process chamber. We have found a linear relation between the activation energy of the dark conductivity Eact and the optical...

  3. Stimulation de la bio-innovation en vue d'atténuer la pauvreté en Asie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Outputs. Briefs. Improving the small-scale aquaculture to enhance the livelihood of rural farmers. Download PDF. Studies. Lazy gardens : a sustainability experiment in the uplands of Northern Thailand. 49210. Studies. Enhancing sustained adoption of innovations : the case of bio-fertilizers, Philippines. 49207. Papers.

  4. La technologie au service d'une éducation de qualité en Asie | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 juin 2016 ... L'équipe du projet a souligné l'importance de choisir des technologies et des médias de téléenseignement appropriés en fonction des besoins des ... un atelier sur les politiques tenu en collaboration avec le ministère de l'Éducation, de la Jeunesse et des Sports a mené à l'élaboration et à l'adoption par ce ...

  5. La lutte anti-corruption: l'expérience des pays d'Asie du Sud-Est ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although corruption has always existed throughout the history of mankind, it has become lately the major concern of the international community because of its underground characteristics and its corrosive impact on economic growth. Ignored for long time by sociological research, corruption refers to any form of ...

  6. De la Sorbonne à l’Asie. Routes orientalistes d'Ena Bazin-Foucher (1889-1952

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annick Fenet

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L’article suit le parcours d’Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, épouse de l’indianiste français Alfred Foucher (1865-1952 : ses études supérieures à Paris ; sa rencontre avec son futur époux, enseignant à la Sorbonne ; leur mariage à Ceylan en 1919 ; leurs huit années de voyage (jusqu’en 1928 en mission archéologique et scientifique en Inde, Perse, Afghanistan et Extrême-Orient ; la vie parisienne jusqu’à leur mort. Les archives communes du couple permettent de reconstituer la part de la femme dans l’œuvre du savant, sa propre personnalité, ses aspirations scientifiques et son originalité dans le monde intellectuel de l’entre-deux-guerres.This article follows the life of  Eugénie Bazin-Foucher, wife of the French indianist Alfred Foucher (1865-1952: her higher education in Paris ; her encounter with her future husband,  a teacher at the Sorbonne University ; their marriage in Ceylan in 1919 ; their eight years of travel (until 1926 in archaeological and scientific missions in India, Persia, Afghanistan and the Far East ;  and finally their Parisian life until their death. The couple's archives allow one to reconstruct Eugénie's participation in the work of her husband as well as shedding light on  her personality, her scientific aspirations and her originality in the intellectual world of the Interwar period.

  7. L’Asie mystérieuse : premier numéro du Bulletin du Club Verne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Chiron

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Depuis 2007 l’Association des Amis du Roman populaire a son siège et son centre de documentation à Vignacourt près d’Amiens. Si la revue Le Rocambole qu’elle produit perdure, cette association a souhaité replacer dans des objectifs de vulgarisation l’œuvre de Jules Verne dans le contexte de production de romans populaires pour la période allant des débuts du XIXe siècle à la Grande Guerre. D’où la création du nouveau périodique le Bulletin du Club Verne. Il est nécessaire de distinguer ce der...

  8. Roger Mitchell : Maailma päästmine pole vaid teadlaste asi / Roger Mitchell ; interv. Silvia Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mitchell, Roger

    2006-01-01

    Earthwatch Instituut on ülemaailmne organisatsioon, mille missiooniks on kaasata vabatahtlikke ja teadlasi, levitamaks säästva arengu sõnumit. Instituuti tutvustab teaduse ja hariduse osakonna direktor Roger Mitchell

  9. Vergelijkend kwaliteitsonderzoek van nieuwe lotnummers van Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay-reagentia in 1984

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijk; R.V.W.van; Aelbers; G.N.M.; Tideman; G.J.; Menke; H.E.

    1985-01-01

    Binnen het kader van de kwaliteitscontrole van het serologisch syfilisonderzoek bij de Streeklaboratoria voor de Volksgezondheid werd een kwaliteitsonderzoek aan nieuwe lotnummers van de eerder onderzochte Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay (TPHA)-reagentia uitgevoerd. Hierbij werden de

  10. SCREENING ASSAYS TO FIND OUT LATE LATENT SYPHILIS CASES - WHICH IS THE BEST ONE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Dzintars Ozoliņš

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The serological methods for diagnosis of syphilis are classified into non-specific (non-treponemal such as Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR, and specific (treponemal such as Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test (TPHA and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG, IgM (ELISA IgG, IgM tests. The aim of this retrospective study was to estimate and compare the sensitivity and specificity of RPR, TPHA and Syphilis ELISA IgG, IgM. The study was conducted on 18 799 clinically healthy persons who had visited the Outpatient clinic of Ministry of the Interior Clinical Centre, Latvia during 2 years period from August 2006 to November 2007. Patients were screened to find out possible late latent syphilis cases by using RPR, TPHA and ELISA IgG, IgM assays. The results showed the highest sensitivity indices of ELISA IgG, IgM and TPHA methods, and the lowest for the RPR test. Highest specificity indices were observed by using ELISA IgG, IgM method followed by TPHA method with lower values and RPR method showing the lowest specificity. To conclude, ELISA IgG, IgM and TPHA methods should be used for screening late latent syphilis cases and ELISA IgG, IgM for diagnosis confirmation. RPR is not recommended for screening purposes.

  11. Нарвское ноу-хау или блеф? / Артур Тооман

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тооман, Артур, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Narva uuest ettevõtluse toetamise süsteemist ja soodustustest. NTT AS-i, Narva Elektrijaamade, Nakro AS-i, Harju Elekter AS-i, Standard AS-i, Krimelte AS-i ja Vertex Estonia AS-i juhtide arvamusi. Tabelid

  12. Syphilis sero-positivity in recently admitted and long-term psychiatric inpatients: Screening, prevalence and diagnostic profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria P Henning

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Syphilis research has neglected the prevalence of the disease among psychiatric patients, and traditional syphilis screening has been reported as inadequate. Objectives. (i To assess the syphilis prevalence among psychiatric patients; (ii to compare psychiatric diagnoses of syphilis-infected and -uninfected patients; (iii to assess self-reported high-risk sexual behaviour; (iv to establish syphilis/HIV co-morbidity; and (v to investigate the performance of the rapid plasma reagin (RPR test in syphilis screening, compared with the Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA test. Methods. Psychiatric inpatients at Weskoppies Hospital, Pretoria, who consented to participate in the study (N=195 were categorised according to gender and length of admission (long-term or recent. Non-treponemal RPR, confirmatory TPHA, HIV-rapid and HIV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA tests were performed. A reactive TPHA test was used to diagnose syphilis. Results. The estimated prevalence of syphilis was 11.7%. There was no significant association between TPHA sero-positivity and primary psychiatric diagnosis or self-reported high-risk sexual behaviour. Significant co-morbidity existed between syphilis and HIV (p=0.012. Compared with the TPHA test, the RPR test performed poorly, identifying only 2/23 patients who had a sero-positive TPHA test (8.7% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusions. The prevalence of syphilis was higher than anticipated, supporting the need for routine testing. The significant co-morbidity and alarming prevalence of HIV and syphilis warrant testing for both conditions in all psychiatric admissions. Current syphilis screening with a single RPR test is inadequate; both RPR and TPHA tests should be performed.

  13. Mitigación del cambio climático versus desarrollo económico -El debate asiático frente a la Conferencia de Copenhague-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Wago Rojas

    2009-11-01

    de una sana política medio ambiental. Para lograr una solución a la encrucijada entre la mitigación y el desarrollo económico, es fundamental la creatividad en las proposiciones y el compromiso político en Copenhague, así como la profundización en los mecanismos flexibles, los cuales, acompañados de la participación ciudadana, son pilares fundamentales para un verdadero desarrollo sostenible.

  14. ASIE Model: An Innovative Instructional Design Model for Teachers in Enhancing and Sustaining the Quality of the 21st Century Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail Md Zain

    2017-01-01

    An effective and systematic design of instruction will determine the quality of learning and teaching practices. Hence, instructional design models are required, to move from just adopting a standard approach to developing models that have an impact on learners' profiles, creating a much better learning experience, skills, and knowledge both in the classroom and online. The 21st Century Learning Framework requires learners to develop their thinking skills, communication skills, collaborating ...

  15. High Efficiency Thin Film CdTe and a-Si Based Solar Cells: Annual Technical Report, 4 March 1999 - 3 March 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G. (The University of Toledo)

    2001-08-29

    This report describes the research on high-efficiency CdTe-based thin-film solar cells and on high-efficiency a-Si-based thin-film solar cells. Implemented a diode-array spectrograph system and used optical emission spectroscopy to help optimize the reactive sputtering of N-doped ZnTe for CdTe back-contact structures. Identified the photoluminescence signatures of various defect states in CdTe related to Cd vacancies, CuCd acceptors, Cu-VCd complexes, and donor-acceptor pairs, and related these states to instabilities in the hole concentration at room temperature. Showed that Cu is an important non-radiative center in CdS, reducing the PL efficiency. Studied band tailing in CdS weakly alloyed with CdTe and CdTe weakly alloyed with CdS. Fabricated superstrate ITO/CdS/CdTe cells on Mo substrates with efficiencies above 7.5%. Collaborated in studies of EXAFS of Cu in CdTe which indicate a Cu-Te bond length of 2.62 {angstrom} or 6.7% shorter than the CdTe, bond in agreement with calculations of Wei et al. Provided assistance to two groups on laser scribing. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films deposited using a wide range of H dilution, observed transition from a-SiGe to {mu}c-SiGe at high H dilution and the impact on cell performances. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films with different Ge contents, suitable for use as component cells of triple-junction devices. Fabricated a-Si-based solar cells on ultra-thin stainless-steel substrate (7.5 micron) and obtained equivalent performance and yield as on the regular SS substrates (127 microns). Comparatively studied the performance of a-Si-based solar cells on SS substrates and on SnO2-coated glass substrates. Studied the performance of p-layers deposited under various deposition conditions for n-i-p type solar cells. Performed an analysis for the component cell current-matching within a triple-junction solar cell.

  16. High Efficiency Thin Film CdTe and a-Si Based Solar Cells: Annual Technical Report, 4 March 1999 - 3 March 2000; ANNUAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compaan, A. D.; Deng, X.; Bohn, R. G.

    2001-01-01

    This report describes the research on high-efficiency CdTe-based thin-film solar cells and on high-efficiency a-Si-based thin-film solar cells. Implemented a diode-array spectrograph system and used optical emission spectroscopy to help optimize the reactive sputtering of N-doped ZnTe for CdTe back-contact structures. Identified the photoluminescence signatures of various defect states in CdTe related to Cd vacancies, CuCd acceptors, Cu-VCd complexes, and donor-acceptor pairs, and related these states to instabilities in the hole concentration at room temperature. Showed that Cu is an important non-radiative center in CdS, reducing the PL efficiency. Studied band tailing in CdS weakly alloyed with CdTe and CdTe weakly alloyed with CdS. Fabricated superstrate ITO/CdS/CdTe cells on Mo substrates with efficiencies above 7.5%. Collaborated in studies of EXAFS of Cu in CdTe which indicate a Cu-Te bond length of 2.62(angstrom) or 6.7% shorter than the CdTe, bond in agreement with calculations of Wei et al. Provided assistance to two groups on laser scribing. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films deposited using a wide range of H dilution, observed transition from a-SiGe to(mu)c-SiGe at high H dilution and the impact on cell performances. Comparatively studied the performance of a-SiGe solar cells and properties of a-SiGe single-layer films with different Ge contents, suitable for use as component cells of triple-junction devices. Fabricated a-Si-based solar cells on ultra-thin stainless-steel substrate (7.5 micron) and obtained equivalent performance and yield as on the regular SS substrates (127 microns). Comparatively studied the performance of a-Si-based solar cells on SS substrates and on SnO2-coated glass substrates. Studied the performance of p-layers deposited under various deposition conditions for n-i-p type solar cells. Performed an analysis for the component cell current-matching within a triple-junction solar cell

  17. Lattice vibrations study of Ga1-xInxAsySb1-y quaternary alloys with low (In, As) content grown by liquid phase epitaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Olvera-Herandez, J; Olvera-Cervantes, J; Rojas-Lopez, M; Navarro-Contreras, H; Vidal, M A; Anda, F de

    2006-01-01

    Raman scattering spectroscopy was used to measure and analyze the lattice vibrations in some quaternary Ga 1-x In x As y Sb 1-y alloys with low (In, As) contents (0.03 0 C. High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction results showed profiles associated with a quaternary layer lattice matched to the GaSb substrate as obtained from the (004) reflection. The experimental diffractograms were simulated to estimate alloy composition, thickness and lattice mismatch of the layer. Raman scattering results show phonon frequencies associated to the TO and LO GaAs-like modes as well as GaSb + InAs-like mode, which are characteristic of this quaternary alloy. The As content dependence of the phonon frequency measured in this alloy for low (In, As) contents agree well with the modified Random-Element Isodisplacement (REI) model and also with other available experimental reports. This method can also be used to estimate alloy compositions for this kind of quaternary alloys

  18. Sécurité hydrique dans les régions périurbaines de l'Asie du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2013-06-18

    HABITAT), 60 % de la population mondiale vivra en région urbaine d'ici 2025. On s'attend à ... Issues, learnings and way forwards : Presentation at the workshop - Adapting to Climate Change and Water Security in Asia, June 18, 2013. Reports.

  19. Les primates paléogènes d'Afrique et d'Asie: nouvelles données phylogénétiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducrocq, Stéphane

    2001-03-01

    New discoveries of fossil primates from the Asian Palaeogene have led to reconsider the phylogenetical relationships between anthropoid primates from Asia and Africa. The data support a Tarsiidae-Anthropoidea relationship, a sister-group relationship between amphipithecids and propliopithecids, and a weak support for oligopithecid monophyly. Two biogeographical scenarios are proposed from the new phylogenies and are discussed.

  20. On the way to enhance the optical absorption of a-Si in NIR by embedding Mg.sub.2./sub.Si thin film

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chernev, I.M.; Shevlyagin, A.V.; Galkin, K.N.; Stuchlík, Jiří; Remeš, Zdeněk; Fajgar, Radek; Galkin, N.G.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 109, č. 4 (2016), 1-4, č. článku 043902. ISSN 0003-6951 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LM2015087; GA ČR GC16-10429J; GA MŠk(CZ) LD14011 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) KONNECT-007 Program:Bilaterální spolupráce Institutional support: RVO:68378271 ; RVO:67985858 Keywords : silicides * amorphous silicon Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism; CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry (UCHP-M) Impact factor: 3.411, year: 2016

  1. Genre, modernisation soviétique et usage des « langues de religion » en Asie centrale (Ouzbékistan et Tadjikistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habiba Fathi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In a secularizing context, the relationship between gender, Soviet modernization and uses of « languages of religion » (Arabic, Persian and Tchaghatay Turkish is explored. The main focus is the role of Muslim women in the trans-generational transmission of religion. Women of religion are the ones who mediate the rediscovery of the Muslim heritage. This rediscovery is taking place within the broader context of re-Islamization and revalorization of national languages of Uzbekistan (Uzbek with Latin script and Tadjikistan (Tadjik with Cyrillic script ; both independent states were formerly part of the Soviet Union. The author retraces the main axes of the modernization politics through two main domains: linguistic policies and the emancipation of Muslim women. The paper focuses on the old and new Muslim educational systems in these two newly independent Central Asian states and highlights these counstries’ tendency, due to their fight against Islamism, to refuse all religious change. This means all religious trends are rejected, even those that would enable the regions’s Muslim societies to leave behind their traditional orientation.

  2. 1) Mis teile praeguses eesti kirjanduses ei meeldi? 2) Mida tuleks teha, et asi läheks nii, nagu teile meeldib? : [küsitlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastavad : Vaapo Vaher, Elo Lindsalu, Olev Remsu, Jüri Ehlvest, François Serpent, Sven Kivisildnik, Linnar Priimägi, Aino Pervik, Mati Unt, Contra, Fagira D. Morti, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Juku-Kalle Raid

  3. 0D-modelling of carbonaceous aerosols; L'aerosol de combustion dans une region en grande mutation, l'Asie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, Ch.

    2005-06-15

    One of the main uncertainties in the estimate of the climatic impact of aerosols is linked to our knowledge of gases and aerosols emissions. This is particularly crucial over Asia, where a strong regional fingerprint is observed, with different emission types, depending on the various vegetation and climate conditions (biomass burning emissions) and on the very fast changes of the population and industrialization (biofuel and fossil fuel emissions). The main goal of this work was first to derive a biomass burning inventory for gases and particles over Asia for the 2001 ACE-Asia (Aerosol Characterization Experiment) and TRACE-P (Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific) campaigns (March to May 2001). I implemented a methodology that is the most adapted to my study, and based on the burnt area cartography (GBA-2000 project (Global Burnt Area 2000) [Tansey et al., 2005]). The results of this study, ABBI (Asian Biomass Burning Inventory) [Michel et al., 2005] have been compared with another biomass burning emission inventory (ACESS: ACE-Asia and TRACE-P Modelling and Emission Support System) [Streets et al., 2003], built from fire counts and not from burnt areas. This comparison shows the limits of the use of fire counts in the emission inventory maps and underlines the importance and the relevance of the method used in my study. A comparison with the year 2000 emission inventory, obtained with the same method, underlines the importance of the inter-annual variations. The ABBI inventory has been introduced in the Meso-NH-C mesoscale model combined with an aerosol module: ORISAM (ORganic and Inorganic Spectral Aerosol Module) Bessagnet, 2000]. I have focused in particular on the impact of the burnt vegetation emissions over the asian continent. Comparisons between simulated and ground and airborne measured data showed satisfactory results in some cases, but showed also some limits. Sensitivity tests have been carried out firstly to test the impact of fire emissions by considering the ACESS inventory in Meso-NH-C-ORISAM, secondly to highlight the parameters deemed in the model to form secondary organic aerosols by using the ORISAM module in his 0D version. On the whole, this work emphasizes the major importance of the inventories of gas and particle emissions at a continental scale on atmospheric chemistry. Moreover, it also shows the contribution of the ORISAM module to the analysis and understanding of the heterogeneous chemical processes in the pollution episode in Asia. (author)

  4. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gutiérrez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores japoneses y los luchadores profesionales de lucha libre y grecorromana de la época, a los que habitualmente solían derrotar, contribuyeron a generar un potente imaginario de las artes de combate orientales como sistemas superiores de cultura física y defensa personal. No obstante, a pesar del éxito del jujutsu este no logró afianzarse sólidamente en Portugal, desapareciendo progresivamente de la escena pública desde principios de la segunda década del siglo XX.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The present study analyzes the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century. Mainly, historical Portuguese newspapers were reviewed, both general and specific from sports field. Results show that the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal was principally conduced via the show business through exhibitions performed by Japanese experts. Significant technical and physical differences between the Japanese fighters and the professional Freestyle and Greco-roman fighters, who were usually defeated by the former, contributed to create a powerful imaginary of the eastern fighting arts as superior systems of physical culture and self-defence. However, in spite of jujutsu’s success, it did not come to be strongly established in Portugal, vanishing progressively off the public scene since the beginning of the 1910s.

  5. Análisis de la influencia del Modelo Socioeconómico Chaebol en la crisis financiera del sudeste asiático de 1997: Tailandia

    OpenAIRE

    Arango Silva, María Camila

    2013-01-01

    A partir del fin de la Guerra de Corea los diferentes gobiernos que tomaron el poder permitieron la consolidación de las grandes empresas Chaebol. El análisis social se basa en rescatar principios del confucianismo que pueden verse representados en el sistema corporativo estudiado, entre ellos la piedad filial, la honestidad, la educación. Al analizar los factores confucianos se logra determinar ciertas dinámicas presentes en las empresas Chaebol que muestran similitud con las causas de la Cr...

  6. Structural and Optical Investigations of Heterostructures Based on AlxGa1-xAsyP1-y:Si Solid Solutions Obtained by MOCVD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. V. Seredin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated MOCVD epitaxial heterostructures based on AlxGa1−xAs ternary solid solutions, obtained in the range of compositions x~0.20–0.50 and doped with high concentrations of phosphorus and silicon atoms. Using the methods of high-resolution X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray microanalysis, Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy we have shown that grown epitaxial films represent five-component (AlxGa1−xAs1−yPy1−zSiz solid solutions. The implementation of silicon in solid solution with a concentration of ~ 0.01 at.% leads to the formation of the structure with deep levels, DX centers, the occurrence of which fundamentally affects the energy characteristics of received materials.

  7. Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul - do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recuperação posterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Queiroz Guimarães

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The State and the economy in South Korea: from the developmentist state to the Asian crisis and later recovery. The article focuses on the institutions of South Korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. The economic model in South Korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. However, South Korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inherent to strong state intervention. The article shows that the crisis was a result of the combination between internal economic fragilities and a rapid process of financial deregulation, which undermined the state's capacity of control. The crisis, nevertheless, does not disqualify the role of the national institutions in the very successful process of industrialization. Despite the reforms, the Korean capitalism conserves much of the previous model of business organization and industrial relations. The state continues strong and played active role in the process of economic reforms. There are, nevertheless, doubts about the impacts of the reforms and the new configuration of Korean capitalism. They will depend on the current transformations in world economy and in the East Asian countries.

  8. Plans de gestion de l'eau adaptés au climat pour les villes de l'Asie du

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les administrations locales ont besoin de plans. De nombreuses administrations locales n'ont pas pu faire face à ces difficultés. Elles ne disposent pas de stratégies d'adaptation ni de plans d'action municipaux relatifs aux changements climatiques. Ce projet comblera cette lacune et apportera le soutien dont ces villes ont ...

  9. Evaluasi program pemberian MP-ASI bubuk instan dan biskuit di Kota Mataram, Kabupaten Lombok Barat, Lombok Timur dan Bengkulu Utara tahun 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nyoman Adiyasa

    2010-03-01

    Conclusion: Achievement of instant powder and biscuit complementary breastfeeding program in aspect of input was average at three districts/municipality and good at District of Lombok Timur and poor at District of Bengkulu Utara; in aspect of output was poor at three districts/municipality and average at District of Bengkulu Utara; in aspect of outcome was poor at all districts/municipality. There was difference in average weight target before and after the supply of complementary breastfeeding. There was difference in average Z score target before and after the supply of complementary breastfeeding.

  10. A China como um duplo pólo na economia mundial e a recentralização da economia asiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Aguiar de Medeiros

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available China as a double pole in the world economy and the recentralization of the Asian economy. The extraordinary growth of Chinese trade that occurred in the last years changed China’s role on world and regional economy. As a major producer of industrial consumer goods to OCDE countries, China has negatively affected many Asian competitors but as an expansive market China became the main source of growth to Asian countries. This new dimension was achieved after the Asian crisis of 1997 by an economic expansion led by public investment. After considering the Chinese balance of payment position and its industrial strategy this paper investigates this double dimension of China on trade and its influence on Asian countries.

  11. Utilización práctica de las opciones exóticas:Opciones asiáticas y opciones barrera

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo Espert, José Luis

    2001-01-01

    Las opciones exóticas pueden parecer que son productos desconocidos en el mercado español. Sin embargo, esto no es así, las conocemos y estamos familiarizados con ellas, aunque no seamos conscientes de ello, en los productos de ahorro-inversión que se ofrecen por parte de la mayoría de las entidades de depósito. Estas opciones en estos productos han tenido una buena aceptación dadas las características que ofrecen para la inversión. En este artículo estudiamos la utilización qu...

  12. Investigation of Performance Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells Using a-Si: H or a-SiC: H at Emitter Layer Through AMPS-1D Simulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmaa BENSMAIN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We offer a numerical simulation tool, AMPS-1D, which allows to model homo- as well as heterojunction devices. AMPS-1D is the short form of automat for simulation of heterostructures. The program solves the one dimensional semiconductor equations in steady-state. Furthermore, a variety of common characterization techniques have been implemented, current- voltage, external quantum efficiency, conduction and valence band. A user-friendly interface allows to easily perform parameter variations, and to visualize and compare your simulations. In this work, The silicon heterojunction cell performances are investigated by detailed described on external quantum efficiency, and light current-voltage characteristics by recognized simulator AMPS-1D (Analysis of Micro- electronics and Photonic Structures. The objective of this work is to study the correlation between the emitter properties of both heterojunction cells a-Si:H/c-Si and a-SiC:H/c-Si (absorption, defect profiles and energy band offsets and the carrier collection.

  13. Les Crisis asiàtiques i el procés de globalització : el cas de Corea del Sud

    OpenAIRE

    Tort-Martorell Aran, Xavier; Garrido Arranz, Jordi; Prats Armengol, Eric; Torralba Mestres, Alex

    2012-01-01

    Corea del Sud ha vist en els últims 50 anys com la seva economia creixia a unsritmes espectaculars fins arribar a situar-se entre les primeres del món. El seu ascenssemblava imparable fins que l’any 1997, de forma inesperada per la majoria, esclatà lacrisis. En aquells moments, Corea del Sud s’havia convertit en la undècima economiadel planeta i la sisena potència comercial, sent el primer productor de vaixells imemòries DRAM, el quart de béns electrònics de consum, el cinquè d’automòbils i d...

  14. SPİNOZA’DA İNSAN DOĞASI-SİYASET İLİŞKİSİ ÜZERİNE BİR DENEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Yıldız

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bu makalenin başlıca amacı, siyaset ile insan doğası arasındaki ilişkiye dikkat çekmektir. Bu konuda, Spinoza insan doğasına en uygun yönetim biçiminin demokrasi olduğunu ileri sürerken bunun ontolojik ve epistemolojik temellerini ortaya koyar. Ontolojik temelde insan, doğanın bir parçası olduğu ölçüde kendi doğasından kaynaklanan her şeyi yapmaya hakkı vardır. Epistemolojik temelde ise insan, doğanın bilgisine sahip olduğu ölçüde var olan doğasını ikinci bir doğaya ulaştıracak siyasal bir örgütlenmeye ihtiyaç duyar. Sonuç olarak Spinoza siyaseti olabildiğince nesnel bir zeminde ele almaya çalışarak evrensel bir siyaset kuramı geliştirir. Siyasal alanda aşılması gereken yol, anlama yetisinin yetkinleşmesiyle hem bireysel hem de toplumsal düzlemde insan doğasının ikinci bir doğaya ulaşmasıdır. An Essay on the Relationship between Human Nature and Politics in Spinoza The main purpose of this article is to point to the relationship between politics and human nature. In this regard, as Spinoza pronounces the most appropriate regime to the human nature as democracy, he presents ontological and epistemological basics of this. Human beings, in the ontological basis, are allowed to do anything they desire in the nature as long as they stay a part of the nature. As to in the epistemological basis, human beings are in need of a political organization that will convey its nature to the second nature, to a degree where they possess an acknowledge of the nature. To sum up, Spinoza tries to exhibit a universal ethical and political theory by taking human nature on the objective ground. The way that must be overcome in the political structure is the attainment of the human nature to a second nature where both individual and societal level by maturation of the understanding. Key Words: Human nature, individual, society, government, politics, history Un Essai sur la relation entre la Nature de l’homme et la Politique Chez Spinoza Le but principal de cet article est d’attirer l’attention sur la relation entre la politique et la nature de l’homme. A cet égard, Spinoza affirme que la meilleure façon de gouverner convenablement la nature humaine est la démocratie et expose les fondements ontologiques et épistémologiques de cette idée. L’homme au niveau ontologique, a le droit de faire toute chose provenant de sa nature dans la mesure où il fait partie de celle-ci. point de vue épistémologique, l’homme, dans la mesure où il a la connaissance de la nature, a besoin de l’organisation politique qui lui permettra de naître une seconde fois après sa première naissance. Par conséquent, Spinoza a développé la théorie universelle de la politique, selon une base qui soit la plus objective possible. La voie à surmonter au niveau politique consiste à ce que la nature humaine atteigne sa seconde nature au niveau individuel et social grâce à la capacité de compréhension. de l’ individu مقال في العلاقة بين الطبيعة البشرية والسياسة عند سبينوزا الهدف الرئيسي من هذه المقالة هو أن نأخذ الانتباه إلى العلاقة بين السياسة والطبيعة البشرية. وفي هذا الصدد، يؤكد سبينوزا أن الديمقراطية هي أفضل شكل ملاءم من أشكال الحكومة للطبيعة البشرية، ويعرض الأسس الوجودية والمعرفية لهذه الفكرة. من وجهة النظر الوجودي، للإنسان حق فعل كل شيءٍ نابع من طبيعته مهما كان هذا جزءًا من الطبيعة. وفي الأساس المعرفيّة، يحتاج الإنسان إلى تنظيم سياسي يوصله إلى طبيعة ثانية موجودة داخل حدود معرفته لهذه الطبيعة. ونتيجة لذلك، يحاول سبينوزا أن يعالج السياسة في وسط موضوعي قدر الإمكان، حتى يتمكّن من تطوير نظرية سياسية عالمية. من وجهة نظره، الطريق الذي يجب اجتيازه في مجال السياسة هو وصول الطبيعة البشرية إلى طبيعة ثانية في كلي المستويين الفردي والاجتماعي من خلال كفاءة قدرات المعرفة.

  15. Numerical integration method applied to the study of atomic hydrogen in a-Si: (H,O,N) and natural beryl decay kinetics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Furtado, W.; Isotani, S.; Antonini, R.; Blak, A.R.; Pontuschka, W.M.

    1988-03-01

    A method of data processing was developed and applied to the study of decay kinetics of interstitial atomic hydrogen (H 0 i ) 1 in X-irradiated a-Si:(H,O,N) 2 and natural beryl. A system of differential kinetic equations was constructed considering multiple possible reactions. the solutions were evaluated by Runge-Kutta's method of numerical integration. It was assumed that the H 0 i was produced by radiolytic irradiation of R-H type molecules and trapped at interstitial sites of both materials. The heating releases the H 0 which quickly is either retrapped, recombined with R-radical left in the matrix or combined with other H 0 atoms forming H 2 molecules. The parameters related to untrapping and recombination processes were found to obey Arrhenius law. On the other hand, the retrapping and H- 2 formation parameters were fit to a function proportional to T 1/2 - T 1/2 o , where at T 0 they vanish. (author) [pt

  16. Sécurité hydrique dans les régions périurbaines de l'Asie du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    HABITAT), 60 % de la population mondiale vivra en région urbaine d'ici 2025. On s'attend à ce que les régions périurbaines connaissent également une croissance considérable. Zones de transition où la démarcation entre région rurale et ...

  17. Simultaneous optimization and simulation of a-Si(1-x)C(x) layers on n-type silicon solar cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vesaghi, MA; Asadi, K

    2005-01-01

    We have applied Rosenbrock's optimization algorithm to obtain the optimized efficiency of a solar cell and its structural parameters. To obtain these parameters. we have developed a computer pro-ram for simultaneous optimization and simulation of the solar cell. We have used experimental data on the

  18. HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN IBU SELAMA KEHAMILAN DAN PEMBERIAN ASI PERTAMA KALI SETELAH MELAHIRKAN (ASSOCIATION OF MATERNAL FOOD CONSUMPTION DURING PREGNANCY AND THE FIRST TIME BREASTFEEDING AFTER DELIVERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Ability to produce breast-milk is to some extent dependent on the storage of material from the mother's food during the prenatal period, as well as on the supply of nutrients from the food she receives during lactation. Objective: To study association of maternal food consumption during pregnancy and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Methods: We took advantage from a cross-sectional research for Development of Media and Promotional Strategies for Exclusive Breastfeeding in rural and urban West Java, 2006. The analysis is based on 609 mothers who had infants aged 6-12 months in the Bandung city and district, West Java. ‘The first time breastfeeding after delivery’ was identified from the question of ‘how many hours after birth did mother breastfeed her child for the first time’. We used Chi-Square to analyze the association between the mother’s food consumption during prenatal period and the first time breastfeeding after delivery. Results: Mothers who ate more food during pregnancy as much as 1-2 servings per day of pre-pregnancy and the occasional drink of milk to the baby was feeding time less than 3 hours after birth. Whereas mothers who during pregnancy eating just the same as before pregnancy, the first time breastfeeding was longer than 3 hours or even up to 2 days after delivery. The test results obtained was statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Maternal food consumption during pregnancy is significantly associated with the first time breastfeeding after delivery. [Penel Gizi Makan 2010, 33(2: 154-160] Keywords: food consumption, maternal, pregnancy, early breast-milk

  19. NATO-ASI on ’Sensors for Environment, Health and Security: Advanced Materials and Technologies’ Held in Limoges, France 16-27 Septermber 2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-18

    comprehensive semiconductor and scintillator characterization tools including the highest flux neutron activation source for analysis of material purity and a...c) their good resistance to corrosive gases and humidity, d) good mechanical strength and photo- plastic behaviour, and e) the low production cost...surfaces [3]. The energy transfer is usually observed as a quenching of the exciton PL, which is maximal at the wavelength of 760 nm, i.e. at 1.63 eV ( 3

  20. Vidéos – Droits réels : la décentralisation et les femmes en Asie du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 oct. 2010 ... Il s'agissait d'une politique née d'une promesse mirifique : des gouvernements décentralisés devaient permettre l'autonomisation de dizaines de millions de femmes dans les pays en développement. Mais le fait de transférer une partie des pouvoirs et des ressources à l'échelon local a-t-il vraiment ...

  1. Semejanzas entre el ajo (Allium sativum costarricense y el ajo asiático según secuencias de ADN ribosomal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Barboza Rojas

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica, la producción de ajo (Allium sativum es escasa y se limita principalmente a las regiones de Llano Grande de Cartago. Sin embargo, por el precio que tiene actualmente en el mercado, el ajo costarricense se vislumbra como una hortaliza que podría constituirse en un recurso valioso para los productores nacionales. Por lo anterior, en este artículo se presenta la caracterización mediante secuencias ribosomales de materiales de ajo provenientes Costa Rica y su comparación con ajo importado de China. El ADN se extrajo a partir de hojas de vitroplantas de ajo mantenidas en un congelador a -70°C, pulverizadas en un mortero. El ADN ribosomal se amplificó, purificó y secuenció. Se realizó el análisis bioinformático de las secuencias ribosomales. El BLASTn permitió determinar que los productos de PCR amplificados corresponden a la secuencia parcial de los genes 28S y 18S (sitios de unión de los cebadores y a la secuencia completa de la región ITS-1, 5.8S e ITS-2. Se encontró que todas las secuencias alinearon en casi un 100% con la accesión EU626375.1 publicada en la base de datos del GeneBank, correspondiente al clon Allium sativum voucher BF-ALL-037. En general, las secuencias mostraron ser muy conservadas. Los puntajes obtenidos del alineamiento realizado con ClustalW reflejaron una identidad del 97 al 99% entre las secuencias.El presente estudio es el primer reporte de este tipo que se realiza sobre ajo costarricense y generó información básica e indispensable para continuar con los estudios moleculares de este cultivo.

  2. Koolitus pole üksnes õppija enese asi / Talvi Märja, Larissa Jõgi, Terje Haidak, Madis Lepik ; küsimused koostas Larissa Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti täiskavanuhariduse üle vahetavad mõtteid Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumi täiskasvanuhariduse osakonna juhataja T. Haidak ning TLÜ andragoogika õppetooli juhataja L. Jõgi, prorektor M. Lepik ja emeriitprofessor T. Märja

  3. Repensando o Melodrama no Contexto Asiático: um estudo sobre a série televisiva sul-coreana Dae Jang Geum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARVALHO, Ludmila Moreira Macedo de

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Although it is normally considered as a universal artistic genre, the melodrama is seldom contemplated in the context of the Asian community. As a historically Western concept, can it really be used to define Eastern artistic representations? This essay argues that “melodrama” can indeed be used in the Asian context, provided that it observes some of the particularities of the culture that is beingrepresented. Through the analysis of the South Korean television series Dae Jang Geum, a worldwide audience phenomenon, we shall observe more closely what are those particularities and universalities of the Asian melodrama.

  4. Dominique Borne, Benoît Falaize, Religions et colonisation. Afrique-Asie-Océanie-Amériques XVIe-XXe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Célérier, Laure

    2011-01-01

    La mémoire française de la colonisation n'est ni sereine, ni apaisée, en témoignent la volonté récente de légiférer sur l'enseignement des aspects positifs de la colonisation, ... ainsi que certaines oppositions scandalisés à ce projet de loi, fondées notamment sur une critique morale du fait colonial. De ce fait, il paraît sain de se pencher davantage sur une approche scientifique de la colonisation, d'autant que les travaux universitaires à ce sujet se sont grandement renouvelés ces trente ...

  5. Large-area triple-junction a-Si alloy production scaleup. Annual subcontract report, 17 March 1993--18 March 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oswald, R.; Morris, J. [Solarex Corp., Newtown, PA (United States). Thin Film Div.

    1994-11-01

    The objective of this subcontract over its three-year duration is to advance Solarex`s photovoltaic manufacturing technologies, reduce its a-Si:H module production costs, increase module performance and expand the Solarex commercial production capacity. Solarex shall meet these objectives by improving the deposition and quality of the transparent front contact, by optimizing the laser patterning process, scaling-up the semiconductor deposition process, improving the back contact deposition, scaling-up and improving the encapsulation and testing of its a-Si:H modules. In the Phase 2 portion of this subcontract, Solarex focused on improving deposition of the front contact, investigating alternate feed stocks for the front contact, maximizing throughput and area utilization for all laser scribes, optimizing a-Si:H deposition equipment to achieve uniform deposition over large-areas, optimizing the triple-junction module fabrication process, evaluating the materials to deposit the rear contact, and optimizing the combination of isolation scribe and encapsulant to pass the wet high potential test. Progress is reported on the following: Front contact development; Laser scribe process development; Amorphous silicon based semiconductor deposition; Rear contact deposition process; Frit/bus/wire/frame; Materials handling; and Environmental test, yield and performance analysis.

  6. Properties of a-Si sub(x) C sub(y) F sub(z) thin films prepared by reactive sputtering in CF4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saito, Nobuo; Yamaguchi, Tomuo

    1982-01-01

    The proprties of amorphous Sisub(x)Csub(y)Fsub(z) alloy thin films are studied, which are prepared by reactive rf sputtering of silicon in CF 4 generally used in plasma etching processes, and by co-sputtering of silicon and carbon in CF 4 . As as function of the sputtering partial pressure of CF 4 and the fractional area of carbon for co-sputtering, optical absorption coefficient, IR transmission spectra and the composition of the films are measured. The vibrating mode of chemical bond of CF 2 and C 2 F 6 are dominant for relatively lower value of CF 4 gas pressure. SiC stretching mode becomes predominantly for higher value of CF 4 gas pressure and with increasing the fractional area of carbon for co-sputtering. The optical gap and the content of carbon and fluorine are increased with increasing CF 4 gas pressure. The composition of the films can be controlled using co-sputtering and changing CF 4 gas pressure. (author)

  7. Temperature dependence of the early degradation in a-Si solar cells; Amorphous Si taiyo denchi no shoki rekka no ondo izonsei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahisa, K.; Kojima, T.; Nakamura, K.; Koyanagi, T.; Yanagisawa, T. [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Discussions were given on early degradation in up to about ten minutes in amorphous silicon solar cells. The experiment has used a model cell of single junction layer for power use with a Glass/ITO/P-i-n:a-Si/Al structure. Test samples were annealed at 130 degC for 30 minutes to eliminate hysteresis of degradation during storage. Xenon was used as an irradiation light source, and the temperatures were varied from 0 to 100 degC and the measurement time was set to 0.1 to 500 minutes. The result of the experiment may be summarized as follows: with regard to time-based degradation pattern for conversion efficiency, the tilt of a pattern to express degradation rate varies with temperature conditions, and changes in 10 to 20 minutes of light irradiation as a boundary; in long-term degradation after 20 minutes, the higher the environmental temperature, the lower the degradation is suppressed, but the rate of initial degradation up to about 10 minutes is higher as the higher the temperature; and the degradation rate increases as the higher the temperature in the initial degradation of about 10 minutes, whereas, corresponding to this fact, it is estimated that a phenomenon is involved, in which carrier recombination defect may increase. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  8. L'Asie du Sud peut-elle éliminer les obstacles au travail rémunéré ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 janv. 2018 ... Par exemple, le travail physique exigeant en Inde et au Népal peut contribuer au fait que les femmes quittent leur emploi pour des raisons de santé. ... sont les principales responsables de « l'économie des soins » (travail ménager et soins des personnes à charge), elles peuvent avoir moins de temps libre.

  9. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez García, Carlos; Alberto Rosa, Vitor; Pérez Gutiérrez, Mikel

    2010-01-01

    El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores j...

  10. Controle químico da ferrugem asiática da soja na regiăo sul do Paraná /

    OpenAIRE

    Reis, Emerson Fábio dos

    2005-01-01

    Orientador: Vismar da Costa Lima Neto Co-orientadores: Cláudia Vieira Godoy, Hailton E. Castanho e Nilson G. Vicente Dissertaçăo (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Cięncias Agrárias, Programa de Pós-Graduaçăo em Agronomia. Defesa: Curitiba, 2005 Inclui bibliografia e anexos Área de concentraçăo: Produçăo vegetal

  11. Electronic band structure calculations for GaxIn1−xASyP1−y alloys lattice matched to InP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bechiri, A; Benmakhlouf, F; Allouache, H; Bacha, S; Bouarissa, N

    2012-01-01

    A pseudopotential formalism coupled with the virtual crystal approximation are applied to study the effect of compositional disorder upon electronic band structure of cubic Ga x In 1−x As y P 1−y quarternary alloys lattice matched to InP. The effects of compositional variations are properly included in the calculations. Very good agreement is obtained between the calculated values and the available experimental data for the lattice–matched alloy to InP. The absorption at the fundamental optical gaps is found to be direct within a whole range of the y composition whatever the lattice-matching to the substrate of interest. The alloy system Ga x In 1−x As y P 1−y lattice matched to InP is suggested to be suitable for an efficient light emitting device (ELED) material.

  12. ¿Chindia o China más India? : complementariedad y competencia económicas entre dos gigantes asiáticos

    OpenAIRE

    Bustelo Gómez, Pablo

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo explora si las economías de China y de la India son y van a ser fundamentalmente complementarias (el escenario Chindia) o, por el contrario, esencialmente competitivas (el escenario China + India) entre ellas. En el primer caso, los efectos podrían ser un desplazamiento más rápido hacia Asia del centro de gravedad de la economía mundial y quizás la aparición de un nuevo tipo de globalización, alternativa basada en la hegemonía de Occidente. En el segundo, esos efectos se verían r...

  13. Nosema ceranae, un agent pathogène d'Apis mellifera nouvellement identifié aux États-Unis et en Asie

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Yan Ping; Huang, Zachary Y.

    2010-01-01

    International audience; Globalization has provided opportunities for parasites/pathogens to cross geographic boundaries and expand to new hosts. Nosema disease is one of the most serious adult honey bee diseases and has high prevalence in honey bee colonies. For years, Nosema apis was thought to be the only microsporidian infecting domestic bee colonies. However, recently it was discovered that N. ceranae could cross the species barrier from Asian honey bees (Apis cerana) to European honey be...

  14. Delfi pöördub Leedo asjus riigikohtusse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna ringkonnakohgtu otsusest AS-i Delfi apellatsioonikaebuse rahuldamata jätmise kohta Vjatsheslav Leedo ja AS-i Delfi vahelises kohtuasjas ning AS-i Delfi tegevdirektori Andrus Raudsalu hinnangust

  15. Väikesed muutused annavad kokku suure / Harli Uljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uljas, Harli

    2006-01-01

    Palgatõusust tingitud muudatuste vajalikkusest ettevõtluses. Kommenteerivad ASi Tarkon tegevjuht Ove Carlsson, PTA Grupp ASi juhatuse esimees Peeter Larin, Deloitte Advisory ASi juhatuse esimees Jari Kukkonen

  16. Preparation and characterization of monosubstituted porphyrins ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    2. Experimental. 2.1 Materials. Terephthalaldehydic acid (TPHA), benzaldehyde, 3-amino- propyltriethoxysilane (APTES), pyrrole, N-hydroxysuccin- ..... confirm the reaction between ethoxysilane groups of com- pound (1) and the free silanols on the surface of the sup- ports. Similar trends are observed in the case of the ...

  17. Serological pregnancy diagnosis of syphilis in pregnancy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    S.N. Naicker, J. Moodley, A. Van Middelkoop, R.C. Cooper. Abstract. Three different serological screening tests for syphilis were performed at the 'booking' visit of 500 antenatal patients at the King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban. The prevalence of ... The TPHA test is therefore advocated for screening patients for syphilis.

  18. The usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid tests for neurosyphilis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To determine the usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests for syphilis at a large academic hospital, clinical and laboratory data on 644 patients in whom such testing was requested over a 12-month period were analysed. In 198 cases (31 %) the Treponema paJlidum haemagglutination (TPHA) screening test could not ...

  19. Primary cerebral angitis of the central nervous system: case rePort

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-06-06

    Jun 6, 2008 ... tPHa, antinuclear antibody and antiphospholipid antibody testing were negative. brain ct scan showed focal cerebritis. cerebral fluid showed. 140rbcs/ml, less than 5wbcs/ml, biochemistry, microscopy including viral markers for Epstein barr virus, herpes simplex and zoster virus, and cytomegalovirus virus ...

  20. Evaluation of the diagnostic performance and operational ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objectives of the study were (i) to assess the sensitivity and specificity of four on site rapid tests in comparison with Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA) as a gold standard and (ii) to evaluate the operational characteristics of those tests among health workers in a maternity unit. Methods: Four rapid ...