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Sample records for birth defects registry

  1. Follow-up studies of children with birth defects in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway: A review

    OpenAIRE

    Lie, Rolv T.; Rolv Skjærven

    2009-01-01

    In two studies published from data in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway we described the survival, tendency to reproduce and subsequent recurrence of birth defects in offspring for children with a range of categories of birth defects. The studies were done separately for girls and boys. The current review summarizes data from these reports and makes some comparisons between boys and girls. More boys than girls are born with birth defects. The survival and tendency to reproduce showed great...

  2. Birth defects registries in the genomics era: challenges and opportunities for developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meow-Keong eThong

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Birth defects or congenital anomalies are one of the major causes of disability in developed and developing countries. Data on birth defects from population-based studies originating from developing countries are lacking. Increasingly there is a shift to genetic testing and genomics study of birth defects. However the translation from bench findings to bedside medicine has been muted. There is a need to address this imbalance where congenital anomalies remained the top aetiology for neonatal mortality in developing countries. To build capacity in low resource countries, there is a need for accurate collection and ascertainment of birth defects in developing countries. The systematic collection and analysis of data on major birth defects using birth defects registries (BDR are an integral part of all clinical genetic services. Healthcare planners in developing countries must be aware of the advantages and limitations of BDRs. Despite the advent of the genomics era, BDRs are essential to the planning and developing care and prevention services at local and national levels, particularly in low resource or developing countries.

  3. Congenital malformations in Ecuadorian children: urgent need to create a National Registry of Birth Defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio González-Andrade

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Fabricio González-Andrade1, Ramiro López-Pulles21Department of Medicine, Metropolitan Hospital, Quito, Ecuador; 2Science and Technology Process of the Ministry of Public Health, Biomedical Center of the Central University and Regional Autonomic University of the Audes, Quito, Ecuador Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito, EcuadorAim: This study sets out (a to estimate the prevalence of admissions by birth defects, using the official database of hospitals of Ecuador; and (b to set the basis for a new National Register of Birth Defects in Ecuador that works as a program for the clinical and epidemiological investigation of risk factors in the etiology of congenital anomalies in Ecuadorian hospitals, using a case-control methodological approach. This is the first report in their class.Methods: The data used in this study are derived from the National Register of Hospital Admission/Discharges of the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos; data of the Ministry of Public Health were also used. Ecuador does not have an official Medical Birth Registry or a Congenital Malformations Registry.Results: A total of 51,375 discharges by congenital malformations were registered in a 7-year period. Of these, 16,679 admissions were of children aged less than 1 year of age, with a birth prevalence rate (BPR of 72.33/10,000 births. 77% of the congenital defects registered comprise the 50 most common birth defects observed in this age group. Cleft lip was the most prevalent birth defect in children less than 1 year of age and the second most common defect in children 1 to 5 years of age. Unilateral cleft lip shows a BPR of 4.57/10,000 births; cardiac birth defects as a group have a BPR of 4.2; hydrocephalus a BPR of 3.77; and Down’s syndrome a BPR of 3.70. Undescended testicle was the most prevalent birth defect in children between 1 to 5 years. 9384 children under 1 year of age were male (55.9% and 7053 were female (42.1%. BPR in males was 40.45 and in

  4. A retrospective population-based study of childhood hospital admissions with record linkage to a birth defects registry

    OpenAIRE

    Bower Carol; Colvin Lyn

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Using population-based linked records of births, deaths, birth defects and hospital admissions for children born 1980–1999 enables profiles of hospital morbidity to be created for each child. Methods This is an analysis of a state-based registry of birth defects linked to population-based hospital admission data. Transfers and readmissions within one day could be taken into account and treated as one episode of care for the purposes of analyses (N = 485,446 children; 742,8...

  5. Congenital malformations in Ecuadorian children: urgent need to create a National Registry of Birth Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Fabricio González-Andrade; Ramiro López-Pulles

    2012-01-01

    Fabricio González-Andrade1, Ramiro López-Pulles21Department of Medicine, Metropolitan Hospital, Quito, Ecuador; 2Science and Technology Process of the Ministry of Public Health, Biomedical Center of the Central University and Regional Autonomic University of the Audes, Quito, Ecuador Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito, EcuadorAim: This study sets out (a) to estimate the prevalence of admissions by birth defects, using the official database of hospitals of Ecuador; an...

  6. The National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon, P. W.; Rasmussen, S A; Lynberg, M. C.; Moore, C A; Anderka, M.; Carmichael, S.L.; Costa, P.; Druschel, C.; Hobbs, C. A.; Romitti, P A; Langlois, P. H.; Edmonds, L. D.

    2001-01-01

    The National Birth Defects Prevention Study was designed to identify infants with major birth defects and evaluate genetic and environmental factors associated with the occurrence of birth defects. The ongoing case-control study covers an annual birth population of 482,000 and includes cases identified from birth defect surveillance registries in eight states. Infants used as controls are randomly selected from birth certificates or birth hospital records. Mothers of case and control infants ...

  7. The Medical Birth Registry of Norway – An international perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allen J. Wilcox

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Some of the most practical questions of perinatal medicine are regarding couples who have had pregnancy problems in the past, and their risk of having such problems in future pregnancies. For example, if a couple has a child with a birth defect, what are their chances that their next child will have a defect? The key to answering such questions is the availability of linked data such as those provided by the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Such linked data provide a unique resource for addressing a broad range of questions in perinatal epidemiology. The Medical Birth Registry of Norway has been a pioneer in answering such questions.

  8. Facts about Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Us Information For... Media Policy Makers Facts about Birth Defects Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... having a baby born without a birth defect. Birth Defects Are Common Every 4 ½ minutes, a baby ...

  9. Building capacity for birth defects surveillance in Africa: Implementation of an intermediate birth defects surveillance workshop

    OpenAIRE

    Flores, Alina; Valencia, Diana; Sekkarie, Ahlia; Hillard, Christina L.; Williams, Jennifer; Groisman, Boris; Botto, Lorenzo D.; Peña-Rosas, Juan Pablo; Bauwens, Lieven; Mastroiacovo, Pierpaolo

    2015-01-01

    Each year around the world, it is estimated that 300,000 neonates are born with a neural tube defect. Many countries, however, are still lacking comprehensive birth defects surveillance registries. Comprehensive birth defects surveillance systems can help countries understand the magnitude and distribution of the problem. These systems can also provide information about biological, contextual, social and environmental determinants of birth defects. This information in turn can be used to iden...

  10. Screening Tests for Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Management Education & Events Advocacy For Patients About ACOG Screening Tests for Birth Defects Home For Patients Search ... for Birth Defects FAQ165, April 2014 PDF Format Screening Tests for Birth Defects Pregnancy What is a ...

  11. Birth Defects (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Upsetting News Reports? What to Say Vaccines: Which ... there is a problem with a baby's body chemistry, it is called a metabolic birth defect. Metabolic ...

  12. The Medical Birth Registry of Norway – An international perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Wilcox, Allen J.

    2007-01-01

    Some of the most practical questions of perinatal medicine are regarding couples who have had pregnancy problems in the past, and their risk of having such problems in future pregnancies. For example, if a couple has a child with a birth defect, what are their chances that their next child will have a defect? The key to answering such questions is the availability of linked data such as those provided by the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Such linked data provide a unique resource for addr...

  13. Birth Defects. Matrix No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brent, Robert L.

    This report discusses the magnitude of the problem of birth defects, outlines advances in the birth defects field in the past decade, and identifies those areas where research is needed for the prevention, treatment, and management of birth defects. The problem of birth defects has consumed a greater portion of our health care resources because of…

  14. Pesticide appliers, biocides, and birth defects in rural Minnesota.

    OpenAIRE

    Garry, V F; Schreinemachers, D; Harkins, M E; Griffith, J

    1996-01-01

    Earlier studies by our group suggested the possibility that offspring of pesticide appliers might have increased risks of birth anomalies. To evaluate this hypothesis, 935 births to 34,772 state-licensed, private pesticide appliers in Minnesota occurring between 1989 and 1992 were linked to the Minnesota state birth registry containing 210,723 live births in this timeframe. The birth defect rate for all birth anomalies was significantly increased in children born to private appliers. Specific...

  15. Birth Defects Research and Tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Podcasts & Video E-Cards Flu Badge Real Stories Cleft Lip and Palate Craniosynostosis Down Syndrome Eye Defects Fetal Alcohol Syndrome ... premature birth, certain birth defects (such as cleft lip, cleft palate, or both ), and infant death. Quitting smoking before ...

  16. Evaluation of the hospital discharge diagnoses index and the birth certificate as sources of information on birth defects.

    OpenAIRE

    Hexter, A C; Harris, J.A.; Roeper, P; Croen, L A; Krueger, P.; Gant, D

    1990-01-01

    The hospital discharge diagnoses index (DI) for newborns and the birth certificate were evaluated as sources of information about birth defects by comparing them with the same births in the case registry of the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program (CBDMP). The CBDMP is an active surveillance system; the staff visit hospitals to identify children with birth defects diagnosed in the first year of life. The study population comprised 66,481 live births to residents of five counties in the...

  17. March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care unit (NICU) Birth defects & other health conditions Loss & grief Tools & ... labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care unit (NICU) Birth defects & other health conditions Loss & grief Tools & ...

  18. The spatial evaluation of neighborhood clusters of birth defects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frisch, J.D.

    1990-04-16

    Spatial statistics have recently been applied in epidemiology to evaluate clusters of cancer and birth defects. Their use requires a comparison population, drawn from the population at risk for disease, that may not always be readily available. In this dissertation the plausibility of using data on all birth defects, available from birth defects registries, as a surrogate for the spatial distribution of all live births in the analysis of clusters is assessed. Three spatial statistics that have been applied in epidemiologic investigations of clusters, nearest neighbor distance, average interpoint distance, and average distance to a fixed point, were evaluated by computer simulation for their properties in a unit square, and in a zip code region. Comparison of spatial distributions of live births and birth defects was performed by drawing samples of live births and birth defects from Santa Clara County, determining the street address at birth, geocoding this address and evaluating the resultant maps using various statistical techniques. The proposed method was then demonstrated on a previously confirmed cluster of oral cleft cases. All live births for the neighborhood were geocoded, as were all birth defects. Evaluation of this cluster using the nearest neighbor and average interpoint distance statistics was performed using randomization techniques with both the live births population and the birth defect population as comparison groups. 113 refs., 36 figs., 16 tabs.

  19. Birth Defects Data and Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Us Information For... Media Policy Makers Data & Statistics Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... and critical. Read below for the latest national statistics on the occurrence of birth defects in the ...

  20. Defying birth defects through diet?

    OpenAIRE

    Crider, Krista S.; Lynn B. Bailey

    2011-01-01

    The risk of certain birth defects can be modified by maternal diet. A high-fat maternal mouse diet has recently been reported to substantially increase the penetrance of birth defects known to be associated with a deficiency of transcription factor Cited2 as well as induce cleft palate. These effects were associated with a more than twofold reduction in embryonic expression of Pitx2c. This investigation suggests the need to further explore this provocative gene-diet interaction in human studies.

  1. Birth Defects and Adolescent Pregnancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, James

    1975-01-01

    Home economists who work with adolescents can help prepare them for responsible parenthood later in life by explaining the known causes of various birth defects; providing basic information about human genetics, prenatal nutrition, and drug and alcohol effects; and motivating adolescents to exercise increased responsibility in their sexual…

  2. Guidance for Preventing Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... healthy during pregnancy, and giving your baby a healthy start in life will help you to have peace of mind. Before pregnancy » During pregnancy » To learn about CDC’s work to help prevent birth defects, visit our Research and Tracking page. Related Links Disability and Health ...

  3. Maternal use of oral contraceptives and risk of birth defects in Denmark: prospective, nationwide cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Charlton, Brittany M; Mølgaard-Nielsen, Ditte; Svanström, Henrik; Wohlfahrt, Jan; Pasternak, Björn; Melbye, Mads

    2016-01-01

    Study question Is oral contraceptive use around the time of pregnancy onset associated with an increased risk of major birth defects? Methods: In a prospective observational cohort study, data on oral contraceptive use and major birth defects were collected among 880 694 live births from Danish registries between 1997 and 2011. We conservatively assumed that oral contraceptive exposure lasted up to the most recently filled prescription. The main outcome measure was the number of major birth d...

  4. Occurrence of Conotruncal Heart Birth Defects in Texas: A Comparison of Urban/Rural Classifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langlois, Peter H.; Jandle, Leigh; Scheuerle, Angela; Horel, Scott A.; Carozza, Susan E.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: (1) Determine if there is an association between 3 conotruncal heart birth defects and urban/rural residence of mother. (2) Compare results using different methods of measuring urban/rural status. Methods: Data were taken from the Texas Birth Defects Registry, 1999-2003. Poisson regression was used to compare crude and adjusted birth…

  5. Folic acid and birth defect prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of certain birth defects. These include spina bifida, anencephaly, and some heart defects. Experts recommend women who ... Women who have had a baby with a neural tube defect may need a higher dose of folic acid. ...

  6. Paternal occupation and birth defects: findings from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Desrosiers, T.A.; Herring, A.H.; Shapira, S.K.; Hooiveld, M.; Luben, T.J.; Herdt-Losavio, M.L.; Lin, S.; Olshan, A.F.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Several epidemiological studies have suggested that certain paternal occupations may be associated with an increased prevalence of birth defects in offspring. Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, the authors investigated the association between paternal occupation

  7. Maternal Age and Birth Defects in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Heidari, Fariba; Dastgiri, Saeed

    2014-01-01

    Birth defect is a global health problem with more severe consequences in low and middle income countries (LMICs), where it is estimated that more than 94% of severe defects and 95% of affected children\\'s death occur

  8. Urgent global opportunities to prevent birth defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kancherla, Vijaya; Oakley, Godfrey P; Brent, Robert L

    2014-06-01

    Birth defects are an urgent global health priority. They affect millions of births worldwide. But their prevalence and impact are largely under-ascertained, particularly in middle- and low-income countries. Fortunately, a large proportion of birth defects can be prevented. This review examines the global prevalence and primary prevention methods for major preventable birth defects: congenital rubella syndrome, folic acid-preventable spina bifida and anencephaly, fetal alcohol syndrome, Down syndrome, rhesus hemolytic disease of the fetus and the newborn; and those associated with maternal diabetes, and maternal exposure to valproic acid or iodine deficiency during pregnancy. Challenges to prevention efforts are reviewed. The aim of this review is to bring to the forefront the urgency of birth defects prevention, surveillance, and prenatal screening and counseling; and to help public health practitioners develop population-based birth defects surveillance and prevention programs, and policy-makers to develop and implement science-based public health policies. PMID:24333206

  9. Paternal occupation and birth defects: findings from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

    OpenAIRE

    Desrosiers, T.A.; Herring, A. H.; Shapira, S. K.; Hooiveld, M.; Luben, T.J.; Herdt-Losavio, M.L.; Lin, S.(Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan); Olshan, A F

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Several epidemiological studies have suggested that certain paternal occupations may be associated with an increased prevalence of birth defects in offspring. Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, the authors investigated the association between paternal occupation and birth defects in a case–control study of cases comprising over 60 different types of birth defects (n=9998) and non-malformed controls (n=4066) with dates of delivery between 1997 and 2004. Me...

  10. Agricultural Compounds in Water and Birth Defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brender, Jean D; Weyer, Peter J

    2016-06-01

    Agricultural compounds have been detected in drinking water, some of which are teratogens in animal models. The most commonly detected agricultural compounds in drinking water include nitrate, atrazine, and desethylatrazine. Arsenic can also be an agricultural contaminant, although arsenic often originates from geologic sources. Nitrate has been the most studied agricultural compound in relation to prenatal exposure and birth defects. In several case-control studies published since 2000, women giving birth to babies with neural tube defects, oral clefts, and limb deficiencies were more likely than control mothers to be exposed to higher concentrations of drinking water nitrate during pregnancy. Higher concentrations of atrazine in drinking water have been associated with abdominal defects, gastroschisis, and other defects. Elevated arsenic in drinking water has also been associated with birth defects. Since these compounds often occur as mixtures, it is suggested that future research focus on the impact of mixtures, such as nitrate and atrazine, on birth defects. PMID:27007730

  11. The epidemiology of cardiovascular defects, part I: a study based on data from three large registries of congenital malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradat, P; Francannet, C; Harris, J A; Robert, E

    2003-01-01

    To analyze complex and noncomplex cardiac malformations regarding prevalence and in relation to demographic variables, we pooled data on infants (age 1 year or younger) with congenital cardiovascular defects from three large birth defect registries in California, Sweden, and France. Altogether, 12,932 infants had one or more congenital heart defects out of 4.4 million live births and stillbirths. The registries in Sweden and France obtained data through reporting from various sources; in California, medical records were reviewed. As expected, definitions and ascertained conditions differed among each of the registries. The total rates for severe defects were similar (1.43 per 1,000), but differed for specific defects. Clear differences in epidemiological characteristics existed for specific defects; for example, severe cardiac defects sex ratios were significantly high for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, d-transposition of great vessels, double outlet right ventricle, total anoralous pulmonary venous return, tetralogy of Fallot, and significantly low for pulmonary atresia without ventricular septal defect and endocardial cushion defect. Few defects were similar for several epidemiological characteristics, but, for example, the combination of ventricular and atrial septal defects appeared equivalent with endocardial cushion defect under some circumstances, yet behaved differently with regard to associated noncardiovascular defects. PMID:12632215

  12. 10 Things You Need to Know about Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Features 10 Things You Need To Know About Birth Defects Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... death. Learn more. 1. Did you know that birth defects are common? Fact: Birth defects affect 1 in ...

  13. Tritium releases, birth defects and infant deaths

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AECB has published a report 'Tritium releases from the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station and Birth Defects and Infant Mortality in Nearby Communities 1971-1988' (report number INFO-0401). This presents the results of a detailed analysis of deaths and birth defects occurring in infants born to mothers living in the area (25 Km radius) of the Pickering nuclear power plant, over an 18-year period. The analysis looked at the frequency of these defects and deaths in comparison to the general rate for Ontario, and also in relation to airborne and waterborne releases of tritium from the power plant. The overall conclusion was that the rates of infant death and birth defects were generally not higher in the study population than in all of Ontario. There was no prevalent relationship between these deaths and defects and tritium releases measured either at the power plant or by ground monitoring stations t some distance from the facility

  14. [Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure and birth defects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, S S; Huang, Y; Wang, C Y; Ren, A G

    2016-06-01

    Birth defects are one of the most common adverse birth outcomes, which create a heavy economic burden to the country, society and family. And they are also one of the biggest problems facing public health today. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of toxic pollutants existing in the environment widely, resulting from incomplete organic matter combustion, and can be taken into the body through various ways including the digestive tract, respiratory tract and so on. Recent researches suggest that the exposure of PAHs may be associated with various birth defects, while the special mechanism isn't very clear. This paper is a review of the relationship between PAHs and birth defects from the aspects of epidemiological data, experimental evidence on animals, which indicates that exposure of PAHs during pregnancy may be associated with birth defects including congenital heart defects, neural tube defects and cleft lip/plate. Furthermore, we explored the possible mechanism, including oxidative stress, oxidative damage and the changes of signal transduction pathway in order to provide some recommendations and suggestions on the future work. PMID:27256742

  15. CDC Reports Six Cases of Birth Defects Caused by Zika

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Reports Six Cases of Birth Defects Caused by Zika Three babies born with defects, while three pregnancies ... 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In the first reporting of Zika-related birth defects in the United States, federal ...

  16. Audit of birth defects in 34,109 deliveries in a tertiary referral center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noraihan, M N; See, M H; Raja, R; Baskaran, T P; Symonds, E M

    2005-10-01

    The objective of the study is to determine the proportion and different types of birth defects among the children born in Hospital Kuala Lumpur. A cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 18 months where all consecutively born infants, dead or alive were included. There were total of 34,109 births recorded during this period. The proportion of birth defects in Hospital Kuala Lumpur was 3.1% (n = 1056). The commonest involved were the hematology system, (157.7 per 10,000 births), the central nervous system, genitourinary system and chromosomal anomalies. The proportion was significantly higher in males and in the Chinese (p defect is common and ranked second after G6PD deficiency. There is a need for a birth defect registry to assess the extent of the problem in Malaysia. PMID:16570708

  17. Alcohol Related Birth Defects: Implications for Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamanna, Michael

    1982-01-01

    Discusses background and nature of alcohol-related birth defects. Describes a continuum of impairment to offspring of drinking mothers that is dose-related and produces serious behavioral/learning deficits. The continuum includes young people of normal intelligence who perform below expected levels and find school adjustment difficult. Offers…

  18. A population-based study of birth defects in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thong, M K; Ho, J J; Khatijah, N N

    2005-01-01

    Birth defects are one of the leading causes of paediatric disability and mortality in developed and developing countries. Data on birth defects from population-based studies originating from developing countries are lacking. One of the objectives of this study was to determine the epidemiology of major birth defects in births during the perinatal period in Kinta district, Perak, Malaysia over a 14-month period, using a population-based birth defect register. There were 253 babies with major birth defects in 17,720 births, giving an incidence of 14.3/1000 births, a birth prevalence of 1 in 70. There were 80 babies with multiple birth defects and 173 with isolated birth defects. The exact syndromic diagnosis of the babies with multiple birth defects could not be identified in 18 (22.5%) babies. The main organ systems involved in the isolated birth defects were cardiovascular (13.8%), cleft lip and palate (11.9%), clubfeet (9.1%), central nervous system (CNS) (including neural tube defects) (7.9%), musculoskeletal (5.5%) and gastrointestinal systems (4.7%), and hydrops fetalis (4.3%). The babies with major birth defects were associated with lower birth weights, premature deliveries, higher Caesarean section rates, prolonged hospitalization and increased specialist care. Among the cohort of babies with major birth defects, the mortality rate was 25.2% during the perinatal period. Mothers with affected babies were associated with advanced maternal age, birth defects themselves or their relatives but not in their other offspring, and significantly higher rates of previous abortions. The consanguinity rate of 2.4% was twice that of the control population. It is concluded that a birth defects register is needed to monitor these developments and future interventional trials are needed to reduce birth defects in Malaysia. PMID:16096215

  19. FastStats: Birth Defects or Congenital Anomalies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button NCHS Home Birth Defects or Congenital Anomalies Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... Data Set [PDF - 993 KB] Search Tables for Birth Defects in Health Data Interactive Trends in Spina Bifida ...

  20. Study Explores Mechanism Between Zika Virus, Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 158048.html Study Explores Mechanism Between Zika Virus, Birth Defects Protein on fetal stem cells provides pathway for ... Zika virus might cause severe brain and eye birth defects. The Zika outbreak in Brazil and other parts ...

  1. Girl with Zika Birth Defect Born At New Jersey Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus/news/fullstory_159145.html Girl With Zika Birth Defect Born at New Jersey Hospital The mother was ... Jersey hospital to a baby girl with the birth defect characteristic of the disease, officials said. The baby ...

  2. Scientists Report Insights into Zika Virus and Birth Defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... news/fullstory_157604.html Scientists Report Insights Into Zika Virus and Birth Defect The pathogen appears to attack ... 2016 FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus may cause the birth defect microcephaly by targeting ...

  3. The validity of the diabetes mellitus diagnosis in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars C. Stene

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN has registered all births in Norway since 1967 and diabetes is registered as a maternal diagnosis. We present original data assessing the validity of the diabetes diagnosis. Among women with known pre-gestational type 1 diabetes, 97% of births during 1976-1998 (old registration form were identified as pre-gestational diabetes in the MBRN. For births 1999-2004 (new registration form, 94% were identified as pre-gestational diabetes in the MBRN. Of cases coded as pre-gestational diabetes by the MBRN, 80% were confirmed by the medical record for births during 1998, while more than half of the births incorrectly coded as pre-gestational diabetes really were gestational diabetes. Among births coded as gestational diabetes, 89% were confirmed in the medical record. In conclusion, the sensitivity of the pregestational diabetes diagnosis in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway was very good, particularly in the earlier period, but the information in the MBRN on births before 1999 was not sufficient to classify pregestational diabetes as type 1 – or type 2 diabetes. The type of diabetes can be specified for births from 1999 onwards, but the predictive values are unknown. The predictive value for pre-gestational diabetes in 1998 was less than optimal but acceptable for a routine registry not specialised for diabetes

  4. Laterality Defects in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1998–2007): Birth Prevalence and Descriptive Epidemiology

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Angela E.; Krikov, Sergey; Riehle-Colarusso, Tiffany; Frías, Jaime L.; Belmont, John; Anderka, Marlene; Geva, Tal; Getz, Kelly D; Botto, Lorenzo D.

    2014-01-01

    Little is known epidemiologically about laterality defects. Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a large multi-site case-control study of birth defects, we analyzed prevalence and selected characteristics in children born with laterality defects born from 1998 to 2007. We identified 517 nonsyndromic cases (378 heterotaxy, 73.1%; 139 situs inversus totalis [SIT], 26.9%) resulting in an estimated birth prevalence of 1.1 per 10,000 live births (95% confidence inte...

  5. Birth defects in India: Hidden truth, need for urgent attention

    OpenAIRE

    Rinku Sharma

    2013-01-01

    Birth defects (structural, functional and metabolic disorder present from birth, may be diagnosed later) rising up as an important cause of infant mortality even in developing countries where infant mortality has been reduced to much extent. Seventy percent of birth defects are preventable through the application of various cost effective community genetic services. Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, larg...

  6. Evaluation of birth defect histories obtained through maternal interviews.

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmussen, S A; Mulinare, J; Khoury, M J; Maloney, E. K.

    1990-01-01

    Etiologic studies of birth defects often use family history information provided by parents of patients. The validity of this information has not been adequately assessed. Using data from the Atlanta Birth Defects Case-Control study, we evaluated sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of mothers' responses regarding the presence of birth defects in their offspring. A total of 4929 mothers of infants with major structural defects ascertained by the Metropolitan Atlanta Congeni...

  7. Maternal smoking and birth defects: validity of birth certificate data for effect estimation.

    OpenAIRE

    Honein, M. A.; Paulozzi, L. J.; Watkins, M. L.

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to assess the validity of birth certificate data for estimating the association between maternal smoking and birth defects. The US standard birth certificate includes check boxes for maternal smoking and for 21 congenital anomalies. The sensitivity and specificity of birth certificate data have been studied, but previous studies have not addressed the validity of these data for estimating the association between birth defects and maternal smoking or other risk f...

  8. Cancer and birth defects surveillance system for communities around the Savannah River Site. Annual progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US DOE funded this grant to the Medical University of South Carolina for a cancer and birth defects registry for an initial three year period which was completed as of April 29, 1994. While this Technical Progress Report is prepared principally to document the activities of year 03, it also summarizes the accomplishments of the first two years in order to put into perspective the energy and progress of the program over the entire three year funding cycle

  9. Cancer and birth defects surveillance system for communities around the Savannah River Site. Annual progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunbar, J.B.

    1994-05-01

    The US DOE funded this grant to the Medical University of South Carolina for a cancer and birth defects registry for an initial three year period which was completed as of April 29, 1994. While this Technical Progress Report is prepared principally to document the activities of year 03, it also summarizes the accomplishments of the first two years in order to put into perspective the energy and progress of the program over the entire three year funding cycle.

  10. Beating Birth Defects (A Cup of Health with CDC)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-01-17

    Each year in the U.S., one in 33 babies is affected by a major birth defect. Women can greatly improve their chances of giving birth to a healthy baby by avoiding some of the risk factors for birth defects before and during pregnancy. In this podcast, Dr. Stuart Shapira discusses ways to improve the chances of giving birth to a healthy baby.  Created: 1/17/2013 by MMWR.   Date Released: 1/17/2013.

  11. Dietary Glycemic Index and the Risk of Birth Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Parker, Samantha E.; Werler, Martha M.; Shaw, Gary M.; Anderka, Marlene; Yazdy, Mahsa M.

    2012-01-01

    Prepregnancy diabetes and obesity have been identified as independent risk factors for several birth defects, providing support for a mechanism that involves hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in the development of malformations. Data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study from 1997 to 2007 were used to investigate the association between the maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and the risk of birth defects among nondiabetic women. DGI was categorized by using spline regression mo...

  12. The influence of the post-Chernobyl fallout on birth defects and abortion rates in Austria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haeusler, M C; Berghold, A; Schoell, W; Hofer, P; Schaffer, M

    1992-10-01

    Researchers analyzed data on 66,743 births which occurred between 1985-1989 in the Styria region in southern Austria to determine whether radioactive fallout from the meltdown of the nuclear reaction at Chernobyl in the Ukraine, USSR in may 1986 affected the birth defect and abortion rates in this area of Austria. There were 1695 birth defect cases. Of the birth defects which occurred during embryogenesis, most occurred 14-49 days postconception (group 2; n=630). The researchers did not note a short-term effect of the fallout in group 2 or the other groups (relative risk= 0.75, 0.73 for group 1, and 0.93 for group 2). Baseline birth defect rates (per 1000 births) for groups 1, 2, and 3 were 2.5, 8.5, and 1,8 respectively. The only sizable increase occurred in group 2 at years 2 and 3 (10.6 and 10.3, respectively). More reported minor congenital defect cases accounted for this increase due to the newly established data base in the Department of Pediatric Cardiology at the University of Graz. Thus the increase was an artifact and not a true increase. Abortion rates varied from 10% to 14% and did not increase significantly after Chernobyl. Counseling frequency at abortion clinics fluctuated greatly (117-205) both before and after Chernobyl and the changes were not significant. These results indicated that the low dosage of radiation did not have a detectable biologic effect in terms of birth defects and abortions. The researchers addressed the difficulties with measuring teratologic potential of low dose radiation. They also highlighted the need for accurate categorizing of birth defects, adequate baseline data, and very reliable registries. Future research on possible environmental disasters which affect Austria can use these data as baseline data. PMID:1415387

  13. Prenatal Care Demand and its Effects on Birth Outcomes by Birth Defect Status in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Wehby, George L.; Murray, Jeffrey C.; Castilla, Eduardo E.; Lopez-Camelo, Jorge S.; Ohsfeldt, Robert L.

    2008-01-01

    Our objective was to identify determinants of prenatal care demand and evaluate the effects of this demand on low birth weight and preterm birth. Delay in initiating prenatal care was modeled as a function of pregnancy risk indicators, enabling factors, and regional characteristics. Conditional maximum likelihood (CML) estimation was used to model self-selection into prenatal care use when estimating its effectiveness. Birth registry data was collected post delivery on infants with and withou...

  14. Prevalence of Birth Defects in Korean Livebirths, 2005-2006

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Min-A; Yee, Nan Hee; Choi, Jeong Soo; Choi, Jung Yun; Seo, Kyung

    2012-01-01

    We investigated the livebirths prevalence and occurrence pattern of birth defects in Korea. After the survey on birth defects was done in 2,348 medical institutions around the nation, the birth defect prevalence of livebirths in 2005-2006 was calculated. This study was based on the medical insurance claims database of the National Health Insurance Corporation. The number of livebirths in Korea was 883,184 from 2005-2006, and 25,335 cases of birth defects were notified to our study, equivalent...

  15. Cancer and birth defects surveillance system for communities around the Savannah River Site: Phase 2 -- Birth defects. Technical progress report, year 01

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Savannah River Region Health Information System Birth Defects Registry (SRRHIS-BDR) began on September 30, 1994. As with the SRRHIS Cancer Registry, surveillance of the 12 Georgia counties was subcontracted to Emory University School of Public Health. Collaborative efforts between the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and Emory University staffs have been characterized by warm relationships and commitment to developing a state of the art registry. As a result of early planning efforts, the authors were able to actually activate the data collection. As of the end of September 1995, partial data from the 1994 birth cohort and up-to-date data for the 1995 birth cohort had been collected on the South Carolina side. The Georgia Staff started later and have not yet caught up to the 1994 level. South Carolina was able to start earlier because they were fortunate to quickly recruit an abstractor. Also, by the end of the first year, an innovative automated data entry system for laptop computers was developed by the computer staff to facilitate and improve data collection

  16. Cancer and birth defects surveillance system for communities around the Savannah River Site: Phase 2 -- Birth defects. Technical progress report, year 01

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunbar, J.B.

    1995-10-01

    The Savannah River Region Health Information System Birth Defects Registry (SRRHIS-BDR) began on September 30, 1994. As with the SRRHIS Cancer Registry, surveillance of the 12 Georgia counties was subcontracted to Emory University School of Public Health. Collaborative efforts between the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and Emory University staffs have been characterized by warm relationships and commitment to developing a state of the art registry. As a result of early planning efforts, the authors were able to actually activate the data collection. As of the end of September 1995, partial data from the 1994 birth cohort and up-to-date data for the 1995 birth cohort had been collected on the South Carolina side. The Georgia Staff started later and have not yet caught up to the 1994 level. South Carolina was able to start earlier because they were fortunate to quickly recruit an abstractor. Also, by the end of the first year, an innovative automated data entry system for laptop computers was developed by the computer staff to facilitate and improve data collection.

  17. Birth defects, causal attributions, and ethnicity in the national birth defects prevention study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Amy P; Royle, Marjorie; Scheuerle, Angela E; Carmichael, Suzan L; Moffitt, Karen; Ramadhani, Tunu

    2014-10-01

    In order to translate research findings into effective prevention strategies, it is important to understand people's beliefs about the causes of poor health outcomes. However, with the exception of knowledge and beliefs about folic acid supplementation, little is known regarding women's causal attributions women regarding birth defects. We employed Attribution Theory constructs to analyze open-text interview responses from 2,672 control mothers in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study who gave birth in 1997-2005. Common themes included use of alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs, and medications during pregnancy. Stress and emotional upset were also suggested as possible causes of birth defects. Genetic- and heredity-related responses were more likely to be mentioned by Asian/Pacific Islander women compared to non-Hispanic Whites. Hispanic women were less likely to suggest several specific possible teratogens, such as paint, pesticides, or other chemicals, but were more likely to suggest events occurring during childbirth. Differences also emerged among ethnic groups for theoretical constructs, although most responses were categorized as controllable, changeable over time, and with an internal locus of causality. PMID:24682893

  18. Defining smallness for gestational age in the early years of the Danish Medical Birth Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    á Rogvi, Rasmus; Mathiasen, Rene; Greisen, Gorm

    2011-01-01

    due to variable data quality, data is most often used only from 1981 onwards, and birth registers in other countries may have similar problems for the early years. We wanted to examine whether the data can be used for identification of children born SGA and used in future research.......Being born small for gestational age (SGA) is associated with decreased insulin sensitivity and increased blood pressure in childhood, but the association with clinical disease in early adulthood is less certain. The Danish Medical Birth Registry has registered all births in Denmark since 1973, but...

  19. The current state of birth outcome and birth defect surveillance in northern regions of the world

    OpenAIRE

    Arbour, Laura; Melnikov, Vladimir; McIntosh, Sarah; Olsen, Britta; Osborne, Geraldine; Vaktskjold, Arild

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. Little is known about the rates of congenital anomalies in the northernmost regions of the world. As in other parts of the world, it is crucial to assess the relative rates and trends of adverse birth outcomes and birth defects, as indicators of population health and to develop public health strategies for prevention. The aim of this review is to catalogue existing and developing birth outcome and birth defect surveillance within and around the geographic jurisdiction of the Inter...

  20. Neural tube defects in Costa Rica, 1987-2012: origins and development of birth defect surveillance and folic acid fortification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barboza-Argüello, María de la Paz; Umaña-Solís, Lila M; Azofeifa, Alejandro; Valencia, Diana; Flores, Alina L; Rodríguez-Aguilar, Sara; Alfaro-Calvo, Thelma; Mulinare, Joseph

    2015-03-01

    Our aim was to provide a descriptive overview of how the birth defects surveillance and folic acid fortification programs were implemented in Costa Rica-through the establishment of the Registry Center for Congenital Anomalies (Centro de Registro de Enfermedades Congénitas-CREC), and fortification legislation mandates. We estimated the overall prevalence of neural tube defects (i.e., spina bifida, anencephaly and encephalocele) before and after fortification captured by CREC. Prevalence was calculated by dividing the total number of infants born with neural tube defects by the total number of live births in the country (1987-2012).A total of 1,170 newborns with neural tube defects were identified from 1987 to 2012 (1992-1995 data excluded); 628 were identified during the baseline pre-fortification period (1987-1991; 1996-1998); 191 during the fortification period (1999-2002); and 351 during the post-fortification time period (2003-2012). The overall prevalence of neural tube defects decreased from 9.8 per 10,000 live-births (95 % CI 9.1-10.5) for the pre-fortification period to 4.8 per 10,000 live births (95 % CI 4.3-5.3) for the post-fortification period. Results indicate a statistically significant (P < 0.05) decrease of 51 % in the prevalence of neural tube defects from the pre-fortification period to the post-fortification period. Folic acid fortification via several basic food sources has shown to be a successful public health intervention for Costa Rica. Costa Rica's experience can serve as an example for other countries seeking to develop and strengthen both their birth defects surveillance and fortification programs. PMID:24952876

  1. A Prescription for the Prevention of Birth Defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavkin, Harold C.

    1984-01-01

    Factors influencing birth defects include maternal age (teenagers and women over 32 are at risk), genetics, drug use, diet habits, and environmental hazards. The physical, social, and economic costs of birth defects are extreme. Prevention must involve efforts to change some of these factors. (Author/CS)

  2. Birth Defects in India: Magnitude, Public Health Impact and Prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Kar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Birth defects refer to a group of diverse congenital conditions, which are responsible for stillbirths, neonatal deaths, chronic medical conditions and disability. Due to their low prevalence and high mortality, birth defects are not considered to be a significant health problem in India. Various data however identify that India may harbour a significant burden of birth defects, and that these conditions may be responsible for a considerable proportion of neonatal deaths in India. Although it is widely assumed that survival of patients with birth defects is low, data suggests that in 2002, there were nearly six million Indians living with impairments arising at birth. These data urge the need for implementation of a national birth defects programme in India, with a strong component of prevention. The need for significant research investments to understand the epidemiology and public health impact of birth defects in India is identified. Translation research, transcending the disciplines of medicine, public health and genetics is required to develop a low cost birth defects service as a component of the existing maternal and child health programme.

  3. The Survey of Birth Defects Rate Based on Birth Registration System

    OpenAIRE

    Min Yu; Zhiguang Ping; Shuiping Zhang; Yuying He; Rui Dong; Xiong Guo

    2015-01-01

    Background: To investigate the surveillance trend of birth defects, incidence, distribution, occurrence regularity, and their relevant factors in Xi′an City in the last 10 years for proposing control measures. Methods: The birth defects monitoring data of infants during perinatal period (28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after birth) were collected from obstetrics departments of all hospitals during 2003-2012. Microsoft Excel 2003 was used for data input, and Statistical Package for the Soc...

  4. The Survey of Birth Defects Rate Based on Birth Registration System

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Min; Ping, Zhiguang; Zhang, Shuiping; He, Yuying; Dong, Rui; Guo, Xiong

    2015-01-01

    Background: To investigate the surveillance trend of birth defects, incidence, distribution, occurrence regularity, and their relevant factors in Xi’an City in the last 10 years for proposing control measures. Methods: The birth defects monitoring data of infants during perinatal period (28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after birth) were collected from obstetrics departments of all hospitals during 2003–2012. Microsoft Excel 2003 was used for data input, and Statistical Package for the Social ...

  5. Four Polygamous Families with Congenital Birth Defects from Fallujah, Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Manduca

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Since 2003, congenital malformations have increased to account for 15% of all births in Fallujah, Iraq. Congenital heart defects have the highest incidence, followed by neural tube defects. Similar birth defects were reported in other populations exposed to war contaminants. While the causes of increased prevalence of birth defects are under investigation, we opted to release this communication to contribute to exploration of these issues. By using a questionnaire, containing residential history and activities that may have led to exposure to war contaminants, retrospective reproductive history of four polygamous Fallujah families were documented. Our findings point to sporadic, untargeted events, with different phenotypes in each family and increased recurrence. The prevalence of familial birth defects after 2003 highlights the relevance of epigenetic mechanisms and offers insights to focus research, with the aim of reducing further damage to people’s health.

  6. Parental mental illness and fatal birth defects in a national birth cohort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Webb, Roger; Pickles, A.R.; King-Hele, Sarah;

    2007-01-01

    maternal conditions. There was no elevation in risk of fatal birth defect if the father was admitted with schizophrenia or any other psychiatric diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: There are many possible explanations for a higher risk of fatal birth defect with maternal schizophrenia and affective disorder. These......BACKGROUND: Few large studies describe links between maternal mental illness and risk of major birth defect in offspring. Evidence is sparser still for how effects vary between maternal diagnoses and no previous study has assessed risk with paternal illnesses.MethodA population-based birth cohort...... estimated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: Risk of fatal birth defect was elevated in relation to history of any maternal admission and also with affective disorders specifically, although the strongest effect found was with maternal schizophrenia. The rate was more than doubled in this group compared to...

  7. Impact of Co-Occurring Birth Defects on the Timing of Newborn Hearing Screening and Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Derek A.; Stampfel, Caroline C.; Bodurtha, Joann N.; Dodson, Kelley M.; Pandya, Arti; Lynch, Kathleen B.; Kirby, Russell S.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Early detection of hearing loss in all newborns and timely intervention are critical to children's cognitive, verbal, behavioral, and social development. The initiation of appropriate early intervention services before 6 months of age can prevent or reduce negative developmental consequences. The purpose of this study was to assess, using large, population-based registries, the effect of co-occurring birth defects (CBDs) on the timing and overall rate of hearing screening and diagnosis. Method The authors linked statewide data from newborn hearing screenings, a birth defects registry, and birth certificates to assess the timeliness of newborn hearing screening and diagnosis of hearing loss (HL) for infants with and without CBDs in 485 children with confirmed HL. Results Nearly one third (31.5%) of children with HL had 1 or more CBDs. The presence of CBDs prolonged the time of the initial infant hearing screening, which contributed to further delays in the subsequent diagnosis of HL. Conclusions Better coordination of HL assessment into treatment plans for children with CBDs may enable earlier diagnosis of HL and provide opportunities for intervention that will affect long-term developmental outcomes for these children. PMID:21940980

  8. Maternal age and birth defects: a population study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baird, P A; Sadovnick, A D; Yee, I M

    1991-03-01

    Since more and more women in developed countries are delaying childbearing to an older age, it is important to find out whether birth defects, other than those resulting from chromosomal anomalies, are related to maternal age. We have studied all 26,859 children with birth defects of unknown aetiology identified among 576,815 consecutive livebirths in British Columbia. All these cases' records were linked with provincial birth records to allow determination of maternal age at birth. We excluded children with chromosomal anomalies and those with other birth defects of known aetiology. Only 3 of the 43 birth defect categories studied showed significant maternal-age-specific trends: there were decreasing linear trends with maternal age for patent ductus arteriosus (chi 2 = 36.65, 1 df, p less than 0.01) and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (chi 2 = 4.90, 1 df, p less than 0.05) and a bell-shaped curve (risk increasing to maternal age 30 then falling) for congenital dislocatable hip/hip click. The findings from this population-based analysis of no association between the incidence of birth defects of unknown aetiology and advancing maternal age should be reassuring to healthy women who opt to delay childbearing. PMID:1671898

  9. Is Maternal Parity an Independent Risk Factor for Birth Defects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Hao T.; Hoyt, Adrienne T.; Carmichael, Suzan L.; Gilboa, Suzanne M.; Canfield, Mark A.; Case, Amy; McNeese, Melanie L.; Waller, Dorothy Kim

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Although associations between maternal parity and birth defects have been observed previously, few studies have focused on the possibility that parity is an independent risk factor for birth defects. We investigated the relation between levels of parity and a range of birth defects, adjusting each defect group for the same covariates. METHODS We included infants who had an estimated delivery date between 1997 and 2007 and participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multisite case-control study. Cases included infants or fetuses belonging to 38 phenotypes of birth defects (n = 17,908), and controls included infants who were unaffected by a major birth defect (n = 7173). Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted for 12 covariates using logistic regression. RESULTS Compared with primiparous mothers, nulliparous mothers were more likely to have infants with amniotic band sequence, hydrocephaly, esophageal atresia, hypospadias, limb reduction deficiencies, diaphragmatic hernia, omphalocele, gastroschisis, tetralogy of Fallot, and septal cardiac defects, with significant ORs (1.2 to 2.3). Compared with primiparous mothers, multiparous mothers had a significantly increased risk of omphalocele, with an OR of 1.5, but had significantly decreased risk of hypospadias and limb reduction deficiencies, with ORs of 0.77 and 0.77. CONCLUSIONS Nulliparity was associated with an increased risk of specific phenotypes of birth defects. Most of the phenotypes associated with nulliparity in this study were consistent with those identified by previous studies. Research into biologic or environmental factors that are associated with nulliparity may be helpful in explaining some or all of these associations. PMID:22371332

  10. Preventive program of birth defects: incidence of anencephaly in Maracaibo, Venezuela. 1993-1996 period

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Incidence of anencephaly in the State of Zulia, and specifically in the Eastern Coast of Lake Maracaibo, an oil exploitation area, has been declared high since the beginning of the 80's, coincident with the generalized use of ultrasound as a diagnostic tool for fetal evaluation. Through the Birth Defects Preventive Program, established at the Hospital Chiquinquira in Maracaibo, we have developed a fourfold strategy for the study of birth defects: i) analysis of more than 32,332 ultrasound evaluations within the Ultrasound Service, between 1993 and 1996, ii) a case-control malformation registry beginning in 1995, iii) a study of malformed stillbirths at the Pathology Service, observed after 4232 deliveries within this hospital, and iv) a registry of over 638 mothers with high risk pregnancy for fetal defects detected at the prenatal clinic and carried out at the Perinatal Medical Genetics Service. As a reference population we study 345 medical histories obtained from the Medical Genetics and Prenatal Diagnostic Service at Hospital Coromoto, and oil companies related medical facility. This approach has led us to conclude that the incidence of anencephaly in the State of Zulia is 0.75/1000, significantly similar to that expected for most populations

  11. Birth defects in India: Hidden truth, need for urgent attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Rinku

    2013-04-01

    Birth defects (structural, functional and metabolic disorder present from birth, may be diagnosed later) rising up as an important cause of infant mortality even in developing countries where infant mortality has been reduced to much extent. Seventy percent of birth defects are preventable through the application of various cost effective community genetic services. Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, large number of unplanned pregnancies, poor coverage of antenatal care, poor maternal nutritional status, high consanguineous marriages rate, and high carrier rate for hemoglobinopathies. India being the second most populous country with a large number infant born annually with birth defects should focus its attention on strategies for control of birth defects. Many population based strategies such as iodization, double fortification of salt, flour fortification with multivitamins, folic acid supplementation, periconceptional care, carrier screening and prenatal screening are some of proven strategies for control of birth defects. Strategies such as iodization of salt in spite of being initiated for a long time in the past do have a very little impact on its consumption (only 50% were using iodized salt). Community genetic services for control of birth defects can be easily flourished and integrated with primary health care in India because of its well established infrastructure and personnel in the field of maternal and child health care. As there is wide variation for infant mortality rate (IMR) in different states in India, so there is a need of deferential approach to implement community genetic services in states those had already achieved national goal of IMR. On the other hand, states those have not achieved the national goal on IMR priority should be given to management of other causes of infant mortality. PMID:24019610

  12. The Survey of Birth Defects Rate Based on Birth Registration System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Yu

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: A downward trend of birth defects was observed in Xi′an City from 2003 to 2012. NTDs significantly decreased after large-scale supplemental folic acid intervention, while the incidence rate of CHD significantly increased.

  13. Risk factors and birth prevalence of birth defects and inborn errors of metabolism in Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Waleed Hamad Al Bu Ali; Magdy Hassan Balaha; Mohammed Saleh Al Moghannum; Ibrahim Hashim

    2011-01-01

    Background Birth defects and inborn errors of metabolism are related to variable poor perinatal and neonatal outcomes. Our aim was to explore the pattern and prevalence of birth defects and metabolic birth errors in Al-Ahsa Governorate in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Methods This retrospective case control study was done from April 2006 to 2009. Children with any birth defect or metabolic errors of metabolism at birth or in the neonatology section were our sample for study. Control g...

  14. Surveillance of Adverse Fetal Effects of Medications (SAFE-Med): findings from the International Clearinghouse of Birth Defects Surveillance and Research (ICBDSR).

    OpenAIRE

    Lisi, Alessandra; Botto, Lorenzo D.; Robert-Gnansia, Elisabeth; Castilla, Eduardo E.; Bakker, Marian K; Bianca, Sebastiano; Cocchi, Guido; De Vigan, Caterine; Da Gra?a Dutra, Maria; Horacek, Jiri; Merlob, Paul; Pierini, Anna; SCARANO, GIOACCHINO; Sipek, Antonin; Yamanaka, Michiko

    2010-01-01

    To evaluate whether the routinely collected data in birth defect registries could be used to assess association between medications and risk for congenital anomalies an "exposed case-only" design was performed. Twelve registries provided 18,131 cases exposed to a medication during the first trimester of pregnancy and with at least one major malformation. Odds ratios for malformations associated with maternal use of selected medications were computed. Among seven most commonly used medications...

  15. [Reliability of birth defect data on birth certificates of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2004].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Fernando Antônio Ramos; Llerena Jr, Juan Clinton; Gama, Silvana Granado Nogueira da; Cunha, Cynthia Braga da; Theme Filha, Mariza Miranda

    2008-02-01

    This study assessed the reliability of birth certificate data related to birth defects in Brazil's Live Birth Information System (SINASC). We selected 24 maternity hospitals in the Unified National Health System (SUS) and compared the reports of birth defects from birth certificates with medical records of mothers and live born infants in the city of Rio de Janeiro for the year 2004. After transposing the data to a specific form, the birth defects were coded by types and organ systems and compared to the SINASC data. The most commonly affected organs involved the central nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Agreement was more than 50% for the digestive, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal systems and chromosomal anomalies. Prevalence-adjusted kappa varied according to 2 or 3-digit ICD-10 analysis, with better results for the musculoskeletal, digestive, and genitourinary systems and congenital anomalies, and worse for the central nervous and cardio-circulatory systems, eye, neck, and ear malformations, and cleft lip and palate. The results were unsatisfactory, suggesting the need for more investments to train the persons responsible for completing birth certificates in maternity hospitals and develop a model for coding birth defects on these documents. PMID:18278291

  16. The validity of the diabetes mellitus diagnosis in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars C. Stene

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN has registered all births in Norway since 1967 and diabetes is registered as a maternal diagnosis. We present original data assessing the validity of the diabetes diagnosis. Among women with known pre-gestational type 1 diabetes, 97% of births during 1976-1998 (old registration form were identified as pre-gestational diabetes in the MBRN. For births 1999-2004 (new registration form, 94% were identified as pre-gestational diabetes in the MBRN. Of cases coded as pre-gestational diabetes by the MBRN, 80% were confirmed by the medical record for births during 1998, while more than half of the births incorrectly coded as pre-gestational diabetes really were gestational diabetes. Among births coded as gestational diabetes, 89% were confirmed in the medical record. In conclusion, the sensitivity of the pregestational diabetes diagnosis in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway was very good, particularly in the earlier period, but the information in the MBRN on births before 1999 was not sufficient to classify pregestational diabetes as type 1 – or type 2 diabetes. The type of diabetes can be specified for births from 1999 onwards, but the predictive values are unknown. The predictive value for pre-gestational diabetes in 1998 was less than optimal but acceptable for a routine registry not specialised for diabetesGravide kvinner med type 1 diabetes har økt risiko for komplikasjoner i svangerskapet, medfødte misdannelser og dødfødsel. Data fra medisinsk fødselsregister (MFR har vært grunnlag for viktige publikasjoner om risiko for komplikasjoner hos gravide kvinner med diabetes. I tillegg til å gi en kort oversikt over disse publikasjonene presenterer vi data om validiteten til diabetesdiagnosen. Av fødsler til og med 1998 med kjent type 1 diabetes før svangerskapet basert på opplysninger fra Norsk diabetesregister (NDR ble 97% registrert som diabetes før svangerskapet i MFR (gammelt

  17. Maternal Exposure to Methotrexate and Birth Defects: a Population-Based Study

    OpenAIRE

    Dawson, April L.; Riehle-Colarusso, Tiffany; Reefhuis, Jennita; Arena, J. Fernando

    2014-01-01

    Methotrexate is an anti-folate medication that is associated with increased risk of multiple birth defects. Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a case-control study of major birth defects in the United States, we examined mothers exposed to methotrexate. The study population included mothers of live-born infants without major birth defects (controls) and mothers of fetuses or infants with a major birth defect (cases), with expected dates of delivery between October 19...

  18. Birth defects in India: Hidden truth, need for urgent attention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinku Sharma

    2013-01-01

    Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, large number of unplanned pregnancies, poor coverage of antenatal care, poor maternal nutritional status, high consanguineous marriages rate, and high carrier rate for hemoglobinopathies. India being the second most populous country with a large number infant born annually with birth defects should focus its attention on strategies for control of birth defects. Many population based strategies such as iodization, double fortification of salt, flour fortification with multivitamins, folic acid supplementation, periconceptional care, carrier screening and prenatal screening are some of proven strategies for control of birth defects. Strategies such as iodization of salt in spite of being initiated for a long time in the past do have a very little impact on its consumption (only 50% were using iodized salt. Community genetic services for control of birth defects can be easily flourished and integrated with primary health care in India because of its well established infrastructure and personnel in the field of maternal and child health care. As there is wide variation for infant mortality rate (IMR in different states in India, so there is a need of deferential approach to implement community genetic services in states those had already achieved national goal of IMR. On the other hand, states those have not achieved the national goal on IMR priority should be given to management of other causes of infant mortality.

  19. Public health approach to birth defects: the Argentine experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidondo, María Paz; Groisman, Boris; Barbero, Pablo; Liascovich, Rosa

    2015-04-01

    Birth defects are a global problem, but their impact is particularly severe in low and middle income countries, where the conditions for prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation are more critical. The epidemiological transition in the infant mortality causes, and the concern of the community and the mass media about the teratogenic risk of environmental pollutants, has made health authorities aware of the importance of birth defects in Argentina. The objective of this paper is to outline those actions specifically taken in Argentina aimed at the prevention of birth defects at a national level. Firstly, we focus on birth defects in Argentina on a general basis, and then we present different laws and actions taken in terms of surveillance and public health programs, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Finally, we present the Teratology Information Service "Fetal Health Line", and the genetic services organization and health professionals training by the National Center of Medical Genetics and the National Program of Genetics Network. In conclusion, in the country, several programs focus on different approaches to the problem, and the challenge is to coordinate the teamwork between them. Finally, we list tips to address birth defects from the public health perspective. PMID:25564015

  20. Birth defects risk associated with maternal sport fish consumption: potential effect modification by sex of offspring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contaminated sport fish consumption may result in exposure to various reproductive and developmental toxicants, including pesticides and other suspected endocrine disruptors. We investigated the relation between maternal sport fish meals and risk of major birth defects among infants born to members of the New York State (NYS) Angler Cohort between 1986 and 1991 (n=2237 births). Birth defects (n=125 cases) were ascertained from both newborn medical records and the NYS Congenital Malformations Registry. For sport fish meals eaten during pregnancy, the odds ratio (OR) for all major malformations combined was slightly elevated for ≤1 meal/month (OR=1.26, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.84, 1.89) and ≥2 meals/month (OR=1.51, CI=0.74, 3.09), with no meals during pregnancy as the reference category. Higher ORs were consistently observed among male offspring compared with females. For ≥2 meals/month, the risk for males was significantly elevated (males: OR=3.01, CI: 1.2, 7.5; females: OR=0.73, CI: 0.2, 2.4). Exposure during pregnancy and effect modification by infants sex could be important considerations for future studies of birth outcomes associated with endocrine disruptors

  1. Birth defects in pregestational diabetes: Defect range, glycemic threshold and pathogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbay-Benziv, Rinat; Reece, E Albert; Wang, Fang; Yang, Peixin

    2015-04-15

    Currently, 60 million women of reproductive age (18-44 years old) worldwide, and approximately 3 million American women have diabetes mellitus, and it has been estimated that this number will double by 2030. Pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGD) is a significant public health problem that increases the risk for structural birth defects affecting both maternal and neonatal pregnancy outcome. The most common types of human structural birth defects associated with PGD are congenital heart defects and central nervous system defects. However, diabetes can induce birth defects in any other fetal organ. In general, the rate of birth defects increases linearly with the degree of maternal hyperglycemia, which is the major factor that mediates teratogenicity of PGD. Stringent prenatal care and glycemic control are effective means to reduce birth defects in PGD pregnancies, but cannot reduce the incidence of birth defects to the rate of that is seen in the nondiabetic population. Studies in animal models have revealed that PGD induces oxidative stress, which activates cellular stress signalling leading to dysregulation of gene expression and excess apoptosis in the target organs, including the neural tube and embryonic heart. Activation of the apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1)-forkhead transcription factor 3a (FoxO3a)-caspase 8 pathway causes apoptosis in the developing neural tube leading to neural tube defects (NTDs). ASK1 activates the c-Jun-N-Terminal kinase 1/2 (JNK1/2), which leads to activation of the unfolded protein response and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Deletion of the ASK1 gene, the JNK1 gene, or the JNK2 gene, or inhibition of ER stress by 4-Phenylbutyric acid abrogates diabetes-induced apoptosis and reduces the formation of NTDs. Antioxidants, such as thioredoxin, which inhibits the ASK1-FoxO3a-caspase 8 pathway or ER stress inhibitors, may prevent PGD-induced birth defects. PMID:25897357

  2. The primary prevention of birth defects: Multivitamins or folic acid?

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew E. Czeizel

    2004-01-01

    Periconceptional use of folic acid alone or in multivitamin supplements is effective for the primary prevention of neural-tube defects. The Hungarian randomized and two-cohort controlled trials showed that periconceptional multivitamin supplementation can reduce the occurrence of some other structural birth defects, i.e. congenital abnormalities. These findings were supported by many, but not all observational studies. Recently there have been two main debated questions. The first one is whet...

  3. Birth defects in pregestational diabetes: Defect range, glycemic threshold and pathogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Gabbay-Benziv, Rinat; Reece, E. Albert; Wang, Fang; Yang, Peixin

    2015-01-01

    Currently, 60 million women of reproductive age (18-44 years old) worldwide, and approximately 3 million American women have diabetes mellitus, and it has been estimated that this number will double by 2030. Pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGD) is a significant public health problem that increases the risk for structural birth defects affecting both maternal and neonatal pregnancy outcome. The most common types of human structural birth defects associated with PGD are congenital heart defec...

  4. An exploratory analysis of the relationship between ambient ozone and particulate matter concentrations during early pregnancy and selected birth defects in Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We performed an exploratory analysis of ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations during early pregnancy and multiple types of birth defects. Data on births were obtained from the Texas Birth Defects Registry (TBDR) and the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) in Texas. Air pollution concentrations were previously determined by combining modeled air pollution concentrations with air monitoring data. The analysis generated hypotheses for future, confirmatory studies; although many of the observed associations were null. The hypotheses are provided by an observed association between O3 and craniosynostosis and inverse associations between PM2.5 and septal and obstructive heart defects in the TBDR. Associations with PM2.5 for septal heart defects and ventricular outflow tract obstructions were null using the NBDPS. Both the TBDR and the NBPDS had inverse associations between O3 and septal heart defects. Further research to confirm the observed associations is warranted. - Highlights: • Air pollution concentrations combined modeled air data and air monitoring data. • No associations were observed between the majority of birth defects and PM2.5 and O3. • Estimated associations between PM2.5 and certain heart defects varied by dataset. • Results were suggestive of an inverse association between O3 and septal heart defects. • Higher O3 concentrations may be associated with increased odds of craniosynostosis. - Although most observed associations between ozone and fine particulate matter concentrations and birth defects were null, some were present and warrant further consideration

  5. Autosomal Chromosome Abnormality: A Cause of Birth Defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plumridge, Diane

    Intended for parents and professionals, the book explains chromosome abnormalities in lay terms and discusses the relationship of specific conditions to birth defects. Chromosomal abnormalities are defined and factors in diagnosis and recurrence are discussed. Normal chromosome reproduction processes are covered while such numerical abnormalities…

  6. International retrospective cohort study of neural tube defects in relation to folic acid recommendations : are the recommendations working?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Botto, LD; Lisi, A; Robert-Gnansia, E; Erickson, JD; Vollset, SE; Mastroiacovo, P; Botting, B; Cocchi, G; de Vigan, C; de Walle, H; Feijoo, M; Irgens, LM; McDonnell, B; Merlob, P; Ritvanen, A; Scarano, G; Siffel, C; Metneki, J; Stoll, C; Smithells, R; Goujard, J

    2005-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of policies and recommendations on folic acid aimed at reducing the occurrence of neural tube defects. Design Retrospective cohort study of births monitored by birth defect registries. Setting 13 birth defects registries monitoring rates of neural tube defects

  7. The Survey of Birth Defects Rate Based on Birth Registration System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Yu; Zhiguang Ping; Shuiping Zhang; Yuying He; Rui Dong; Xiong Guo

    2015-01-01

    Background:To investigate the surveillance trend of birth defects,incidence,distribution,occurrence regularity,and their relevant factors in Xi'an City in the last 10 years for proposing control measures.Methods:The birth defects monitoring data of infants during perinatal period (28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after birth) were collected from obstetrics departments of all hospitals during 2003-2012.Microsoft Excel 2003 was used for data input,and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16.0 (International Business Machines Corporation,New York,NY,USA) was used for descriptive analysis.x2 test,Spearman correlation and linear-by-linear association trend test were used for statistical analyses.Results:The birth defect rate declined from 9.18% in 2003 to 7.00% in 2012 (x2 =45.00 l,P < 0.01) with a mean value of 7.85%,which is below the Chinese national average level (x2 =20.451,P < 0.01).The order of five most common birth defects has changed.The incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) increased with time,particularly after 2012,it became the most frequent type (rs =0.808,P < 0.001).Till then,the number of neural tube defects (NTDs) declined significantly (x2 =76.254,P < 0.01).The average birth defects rate of 8.11% in rural areas was higher than that in urban areas (7.56%,x2 =7.919,P < 0.01) and much higher in males (8.28%) than that in females (7.18%,x2 =32.397,P < 0.0 1).Maternal age older than 35 years (x2 =35.298,P < 0.01) is the most dangerous age bracket of birth defects than maternal age younger than 20 years (x2 =7.128,P < 0.0l).Conclusions:A downward trend of birth defects was observed in Xi'an City from 2003 to 2012.NTDs significantly decreased after large-scale supplemental folic acid intervention,while the incidence rate of CHD significantly increased.

  8. Study Sees No Link Between Common Epilepsy Drug, Certain Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Sees No Link Between Common Epilepsy Drug, Certain Birth Defects Large review found no greater risk of clubfoot, ... pregnancy may not raise the risk for certain birth defects, a large new study finds. "An initial study ...

  9. Quality of reporting on birth defects in birth certificates: case study from a Brazilian reference hospital Qualidade da notificação de defeitos congênitos nas declarações de nascido vivo: estudo de caso em hospital de referência no Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Varela Luquetti; Rosalina Jorge Koifman

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the coverage, validity and reliability of Brazil's Information System on Live Births (SINASC) for birth defects in a hospital in the city of Campinas (São Paulo State). The study population consisted of 2,823 newborn infants delivered in 2004 at the Women's Integrated Health Care Center (CAISM). A birth defect registry (ECLAMC) was used as the gold-standard. All birth defect cases reported at CAISM in 2004 (92 cases) were selected from SINASC data files. ...

  10. Are epidemiological approaches suitable to study risk/preventive factors for human birth defects?

    OpenAIRE

    Hernandez-Diaz, Sonia; Oberg, Anna Sara

    2015-01-01

    Birth defects are a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality and contribute substantially to long-term disability. One out of every 33 babies is born with some type of birth defect. Despite decades of research on environmental, behavioral and genetic risk factors, the vast majority of birth defects still occur without known cause. It is possible that birth defects are largely stochastic (and unavoidable) events, at which efforts to investigate their causes would be futile and unjustified...

  11. Insights from Parents about Caring for a Child with Birth Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Amanda Mateus; Jodi Lemacks; Kristin Fowles; Kayte Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Birth defects affect 1 in 33 babies. Having a child with a birth defect impacts the whole family. Parents of children who have birth defects face unique challenges and desire to make life better for their kids. They also want to help to prevent birth defects in the future. Some of the challenges parents face involve communication with healthcare professionals, quality of life issues, creating awareness and advocating for research and funding, finding resources and support, and helping teens t...

  12. Review on Genetic Variants and Maternal Smoking in the Etiology of Oral Clefts and Other Birth Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Min; Wehby, George L.; Murray, Jeffrey C.

    2008-01-01

    A spectrum of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and birth defects has been linked with maternal smoking during pregnancy. This article includes a review of studies investigating interactions between genetic variants and maternal smoking in contributing to birth defects using oral clefting as a model birth defect. The primary gene-smoking studies for other major birth defects are also summarized. Gene-environment interaction studies for birth defects are st...

  13. Evaluating alcohol related birth defects in the past

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shuler, Kristrina A.; Schroeder, Hannes

    2013-01-01

    Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) are yet undocumented among past communities, although alcohol is the leading cause of non-heritable birth defects in the US today. We evaluate potential ARBD at Newton Plantation, Barbados (ca. 1660-1820), where earlier studies suggest frequent, community-wide...... ARBD, past and present. Ours is the first attempt to explore developmental signatures of alcohol use archeologically. We report the first possible case of ARBD from a past community. © 2013 Elsevier Inc....... identify ARBD in most individuals, including those with isotopic signatures of Barbadian origin who also showed consistently elevated dental lead levels. We discuss how such patterns may have emerged from timing of exposures and colonial medical practices, but underreporting remains a likely concern with...

  14. Birth defects in pregestational diabetes: Defect range,glycemic threshold and pathogenesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rinat Gabbay-Benziv; E Albert Reece; Fang Wang, Peixin Yang

    2015-01-01

    Currently, 60 million women of reproductive age(18-44 years old) worldwide, and approximately 3million American women have diabetes mellitus, andit has been estimated that this number will doubleby 2030. Pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGD) is asignificant public health problem that increases therisk for structural birth defects affecting both maternaland neonatal pregnancy outcome. The most commontypes of human structural birth defects associated withPGD are congenital heart defects and central nervoussystem defects. However, diabetes can induce birthdefects in any other fetal organ. In general, the rateof birth defects increases linearly with the degree ofmaternal hyperglycemia, which is the major factor thatmediates teratogenicity of PGD. Stringent prenatal careand glycemic control are effective means to reducebirth defects in PGD pregnancies, but cannot reducethe incidence of birth defects to the rate of that is seenin the nondiabetic population. Studies in animal modelshave revealed that PGD induces oxidative stress,which activates cellular stress signalling leading todysregulation of gene expression and excess apoptosisin the target organs, including the neural tube andembryonic heart. Activation of the apoptosis signalregulatingkinase 1 (ASK1)-forkhead transcription factor3a (FoxO3a)-caspase 8 pathway causes apoptosis in thedeveloping neural tube leading to neural tube defects(NTDs). ASK1 activates the c-Jun-N-Terminal kinase1/2 (JNK1/2), which leads to activation of the unfoldedprotein response and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress.Deletion of the ASK1 gene, the JNK1 gene, or the JNK2gene, or inhibition of ER stress by 4-Phenylbutyric acidabrogates diabetes-induced apoptosis and reduces theformation of NTDs. Antioxidants, such as thioredoxin,which inhibits the ASK1-FoxO3a-caspase 8 pathway orER stress inhibitors, may prevent PGD-induced birthdefects. Gabbay-Benziv R et al . Birth defects in pregestational diabetes

  15. Prenatal Nitrate Intake from Drinking Water and Selected Birth Defects in Offspring of Participants in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study

    OpenAIRE

    Brender, Jean D; Weyer, Peter J.; Romitti, Paul A.; Mohanty, Binayak P.; Shinde, Mayura U; Vuong, Ann M; Sharkey, Joseph R.; Dwivedi, Dipankar; Horel, Scott A; Kantamneni, Jiji; Huber, John C; Zheng, Qi; Werler, Martha M.; Kelley, Katherine E.; Griesenbeck, John S.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Previous studies of prenatal exposure to drinking-water nitrate and birth defects in offspring have not accounted for water consumption patterns or potential interaction with nitrosatable drugs. Objectives: We examined the relation between prenatal exposure to drinking-water nitrate and selected birth defects, accounting for maternal water consumption patterns and nitrosatable drug exposure. Methods: With data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, we linked addresses o...

  16. Exposure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs during pregnancy and the risk of selected birth defects: a prospective cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleen M H J van Gelder

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Since use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs during pregnancy is common, small increases in the risk of birth defects may have significant implications for public health. Results of human studies on the teratogenic risks of NSAIDs are inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the risk of selected birth defects after prenatal exposure to prescribed and over-the-counter NSAIDs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used data on 69,929 women enrolled in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study between 1999 and 2006. Data on NSAID exposure were available from a self-administered questionnaire completed around gestational week 17. Information on pregnancy outcome was obtained from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Only birth defects suspected to be associated with NSAID exposure based upon proposed teratogenic mechanisms and previous studies were included in the multivariable logistic regression analyses. A total of 3,023 women used NSAIDs in gestational weeks 0-12 and 64,074 women did not report NSAID use in early pregnancy. No associations were observed between overall exposure to NSAIDs during pregnancy and the selected birth defects separately or as a group (adjusted odds ratio 0.7, 95% confidence interval 0.4-1.1. Associations between maternal use of specific types of NSAIDs and the selected birth defects were not found either, although an increased risk was seen for septal defects and exposure to multiple NSAIDs based on small numbers (2 exposed cases; crude odds ratio 3.9, 95% confidence interval 0.9-15.7. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to NSAIDs during the first 12 weeks of gestation does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of the selected birth defects. However, due to the small numbers of NSAID-exposed infants for the individual birth defect categories, increases in the risks of specific birth defects could not be excluded.

  17. Maternal Residential Exposure to Agricultural Pesticides and Birth Defects in a 2003 to 2005 North Carolina Birth Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birth defects are responsible for a large proportion of disability and infant mortality. Exposure to a variety of pesticides have been linked to increased risk of birth defects. We conducted a case-control study to estimate the associations between a residence-based metric of agr...

  18. The primary prevention of birth defects: Multivitamins or folic acid?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Periconceptional use of folic acid alone or in multivitamin supplements is effective for the primary prevention of neural-tube defects. The Hungarian randomized and two-cohort controlled trials showed that periconceptional multivitamin supplementation can reduce the occurrence of some other structural birth defects, i.e. congenital abnormalities. These findings were supported by many, but not all observational studies. Recently there have been two main debated questions. The first one is whether the use of folic acid alone or folic acid-containing multivitamins is better. The second one is connected with the dilemma of whether high dose of folic acid (e.g. 5 mg might be better than a daily multivitamin with 0.4 – 0.8 mg of folic acid. Comparison of the pooled data of two Hungarian trials using a multivitamin containing 0.8 mg folic acid and the data of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities using high dose of folic acid seemed to be appropriate to answer these questions. Multivitamins containing 0.4 – 0.8 mg of folic acid were more effective for the reduction of neural-tube defects than high dose of folic acid. Both multivitamins and folic acid can prevent some part of congenital cardiovascular malformations. Only multivitamins were able to reduce the prevalence at birth of obstructive defects of urinary tract, limb deficiencies and congenital pyloric stenosis. However, folic acid was effective in preventing some part of rectal/anal stenosis/atresia, and high dose of folic acid had effect in preventing some orofacial clefts. The findings are consistent that periconceptional multivitamin and folic acid supplementation reduce the overall occurrence of congenital abnormalities in addition to the demonstrated effect on neural-tube defects.

  19. The primary prevention of birth defects: Multivitamins or folic acid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czeizel, Andrew E

    2004-01-01

    Periconceptional use of folic acid alone or in multivitamin supplements is effective for the primary prevention of neural-tube defects. The Hungarian randomized and two-cohort controlled trials showed that periconceptional multivitamin supplementation can reduce the occurrence of some other structural birth defects, i.e. congenital abnormalities. These findings were supported by many, but not all observational studies. Recently there have been two main debated questions. The first one is whether the use of folic acid alone or folic acid-containing multivitamins is better. The second one is connected with the dilemma of whether high dose of folic acid (e.g. 5 mg) might be better than a daily multivitamin with 0.4 - 0.8 mg of folic acid. Comparison of the pooled data of two Hungarian trials using a multivitamin containing 0.8 mg folic acid and the data of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities using high dose of folic acid seemed to be appropriate to answer these questions. Multivitamins containing 0.4 - 0.8 mg of folic acid were more effective for the reduction of neural-tube defects than high dose of folic acid. Both multivitamins and folic acid can prevent some part of congenital cardiovascular malformations. Only multivitamins were able to reduce the prevalence at birth of obstructive defects of urinary tract, limb deficiencies and congenital pyloric stenosis. However, folic acid was effective in preventing some part of rectal/anal stenosis/atresia, and high dose of folic acid had effect in preventing some orofacial clefts. The findings are consistent that periconceptional multivitamin and folic acid supplementation reduce the overall occurrence of congenital abnormalities in addition to the demonstrated effect on neural-tube defects. PMID:15912190

  20. Genetic link between renal birth defects and congenital heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Agustin, Jovenal T; Klena, Nikolai; Granath, Kristi; Panigrahy, Ashok; Stewart, Eileen; Devine, William; Strittmatter, Lara; Jonassen, Julie A; Liu, Xiaoqin; Lo, Cecilia W; Pazour, Gregory J

    2016-01-01

    Structural birth defects in the kidney and urinary tract are observed in 0.5% of live births and are a major cause of end-stage renal disease, but their genetic aetiology is not well understood. Here we analyse 135 lines of mice identified in large-scale mouse mutagenesis screen and show that 29% of mutations causing congenital heart disease (CHD) also cause renal anomalies. The renal anomalies included duplex and multiplex kidneys, renal agenesis, hydronephrosis and cystic kidney disease. To assess the clinical relevance of these findings, we examined patients with CHD and observed a 30% co-occurrence of renal anomalies of a similar spectrum. Together, these findings demonstrate a common shared genetic aetiology for CHD and renal anomalies, indicating that CHD patients are at increased risk for complications from renal anomalies. This collection of mutant mouse models provides a resource for further studies to elucidate the developmental link between renal anomalies and CHD. PMID:27002738

  1. A Multi-center Study for Birth Defect Monitoring Systems in Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Jae-Hyug; Kim, Yon-Ju; Chung, Jin-Hoon; Kim, Moon-Young; Ryu, Hyun-Mee; Ahn, Hyun-Kyong; Han, Jung-Yul; Yang, Soon-Ha; Kim, Ahm; Kim, Hyun-Se; Lee, Pyo-Jong; Kim, Sung-Soo; Kim, Young-Ju; Koh, Kyung-Sim; Shin, Jong-Chul

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to establish a multi-center birth defects monitoring system to evaluate the prevalence and the serial occurrence of birth defects in Korea. Ten medical centers participated in this program. A trained nurse collected relevant records from delivery units and pediatric clinics in participating hospitals on a monthly basis. We observed 1,537 cases of birth defects among 86,622 deliveries, which included live births and stillbirths. The prevalence of birth defects was 1.8...

  2. Birth prevalence of selected external structural birth defects at four hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2011–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogath Kishimba

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available 94% of all birth defects (BD and 95% of deaths due to the BD occur in low and middle income countries, many of which are preventable. In Tanzania, there is currently a paucity of BD data necessary to develop data informed prevention activities. Methods A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of deliveries identified with BD in the labor ward registers at four Dar es Salaam hospitals between October, 2011 and February, 2012. The birth prevalence of structural BD, case fatality proportion, and the distribution of structural defects associated deaths within total deaths were calculated. A total of 28 217 resident births were encountered during the study period. Overall birth prevalence of selected defects was 28.3/10 000 live births. Neural tube defects and indeterminate sex were the most and least common defects at birth (9.9 and 1.1/10 000 live births respectively. Among stillbirths (66.7% and deaths that occurred within less than 5 days of an affected live birth (18.5%, neural tube defects were the most frequently associated structural defect. Structural BD is common and contributes to perinatal mortality in Dar es Salaam. More than half of perinatal deaths encountered among the studied selected external structural BD are associated with neural tube defects, a birth defect with well–established evidence based prevention interventions. By establishing a population–based BD surveillance program, Tanzania would have the information about neural tube defects and other major structural BD needed to develop and monitor prevention activities.

  3. Application Research of "3+1" Mode for Birth Defects Monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong LIU; Cheng-liang XIONG

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the "3+1" monitoring mode for birth defects and quality control measures based on the population,and to obtain the related information data for birth defects.Methods With the community population as the basis,adopting the unified monitoring scheme dominant by the leadership and administration of government,with districts(counties)as the monitoring sites,the "3+1" monitoring mode for birth defects was based on a complete monitoring team with the combination of villages/residents'committees,townships(towns),counties(districts)and the municipality.Demonstration research was carried out in the pilot districts/counties in Chongqing City.Results Birth defects population monitoring system based on population and family planning management and service network was established,and during 2005 and 2006,application research was carried out for the monitoring methods among birth deflects population in the pilot districts(counties),obtaining the relevant information in regional birth defects,with a monitoring coverage of over 99%.Conclusion Fully utilizing the birth management functions of Population and Family Planning System and the advantages of service networks,long term,dynamic birth defects monitoring system based on community population was established,with the integration of birth defects monitoring and regular reproductive health services,obtaining overall birth defects occurrence information in details,providing scientific basis for the government to formulate scientific,practical,economic and effective birth defects intervention policy,so as to improve the quality of the population.

  4. Prevalence of birth defects and risk-factor analysis from a population-based survey in Inner Mongolia, China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang Xingguang; Li Su; Wu Siqintuya; Hao Xiaojin; Guo Shuyi; Suzuki Kota; Yokomichi Hiroshi; Yamagata Zentaro

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Birth Defects are a series of diseases that seriously affect children's health. Birth defects are generally caused by several interrelated factors. The aims of the article is to estimate the prevalence rate and types of birth defects in Inner Mongolia, China, to compare socio-demographic characteristics among the children with birth defects and to analyze the association between risk factors and birth defects. Methods Data used in this study were obtained through baseline ...

  5. Interaction between epidemiology and laboratory sciences in the study of birth defects: Design of birth defects risk factor surveillance in metropolitan Atlanta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lynberg, M.C.; Khoury, M.J. (Dept. of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA (United States))

    1993-01-01

    Despite years of research, the etiology of most birth defects remains largely unknown. Interview instruments have been the major tools in the search for environmental causes of birth defects. Because of respondents' problems with recognition and recall, interviews are limited in their capacity to measure certain exposures. Laboratory scientists can have a major impact on defining markers of environmental exposure and genetic susceptibility. The Centers for Disease Control is starting a case-control study of serious birth defects on the basis of a population-based surveillance system for birth defects diagnosed during the first year of life in metropolitan Atlanta, Each year, 300 infants with selected birth defects (case subjects) and 100 population-based control subjects (infants without birth defects) will be enrolled in an ongoing study that will supplement surveillance. In addition to conducting extensive maternal interviews, we will collect blood and urine specimens from case and control subjects and their mothers for laboratory testing. Eventually, some environmental sampling may be incorporated. Particular areas of emphasis are (1) nutritional factors, specifically measuring maternal folic acid levels and other micronutrients (e.g., zinc) to explore their role in the etiology of neural tube defects, (2) substance use, specifically measuring cocaine metabolites in the blood and urine to explore their role for specific vascular disruption defects, and (3) environmental factors such as pesticides and aflatoxins, to explore their potential relationships with specific defects. In addition, a DNA bank will be maintained to evaluate the role of specific candidate genes in the etiology of birth defects. The development and testing of these methods could be useful to assess the interaction between environmental exposures and genetic susceptibility in the etiology of birth defects. 15 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  6. Birth Order and Health of Newborns: What Can We Learn from Danish Registry Data?

    OpenAIRE

    Brenøe, Anne Ardila; Molitor, Ramona

    2016-01-01

    Research has shown a strong negative correlation between birth order and cognitive test scores, IQ, and educational outcomes. We ask whether birth order differences in health are present at birth using matched administrative data for more than 1,000,000 children born in Denmark between 1981 and 2010. Using family fixed effects models, we find a positive and robust birth order effect; earlier born children are less healthy at birth. Looking at the potential mechanisms, we find that during earl...

  7. Agrichemicals in surface water and birth defects in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Winchester, Paul D; Huskins, Jordan; Ying, Jun

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate if live births conceived in months when surface water agrichemicals are highest are at greater risk for birth defects. Methods: Monthly concentrations during 1996–2002 of nitrates, atrazine and other pesticides were calculated using United States Geological Survey's National Water Quality Assessment data. Monthly United States birth defect rates were calculated for live births from 1996 to 2002 using United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention natality ...

  8. Birth defects in Iraq and the plausibility of environmental exposure: A review

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Hadithi Tariq S; Al-Diwan Jawad K; Saleh Abubakir M; Shabila Nazar P

    2012-01-01

    Abstract An increased prevalence of birth defects was allegedly reported in Iraq in the post 1991 Gulf War period, which was largely attributed to exposure to depleted uranium used in the war. This has encouraged further research on this particular topic. This paper reviews the published literature and provided evidence concerning birth defects in Iraq to elucidate possible environmental exposure. In addition to published research, this review used some direct observation of birth defects dat...

  9. Use of Decongestants During Pregnancy and the Risk of Birth Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Yau, Wai-Ping; MITCHELL, ALLEN A.; Lin, Kueiyu Joshua; Werler, Martha M.; Hernández-Díaz, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies suggested that early pregnancy exposure to specific oral decongestants increases the risks of several birth defects. Using January 1993–January 2010 data from the Slone Epidemiology Center Birth Defects Study, we tested those hypotheses among 12,734 infants with malformations (cases) and 7,606 nonmalformed control infants in the United States and Canada. Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for specific birth defects, with controlling for potential...

  10. Feasibility of identifying families for genetic studies of birth defects using the National Health Interview Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Nolan Vikki G; Wyszynski Diego F

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine whether the National Health Interview Survey is a useful source to identify informative families for genetic studies of birth defects. Methods The 1994/1995 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was used to identify households where individuals with two or more birth defects reside. Four groups of households were identified: 1) single non-familial (one individual with one birth defect); 2) single familial (more than one individu...

  11. Birth Defects Data from Surveillance Hospitals in Hubei Province, China, 200l – 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Jj Lin; Xd Li; Hp Zhang; Li, H; Lh Tu; Cl Xiong

    2012-01-01

    Background: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of birth defects in perinatal infants in Hubei Province during 200l-2008.Methods: The prevalence of birth defects in perinatal infants delivered after 28 weeks or more was analyzed in Hubei surveillance hospitals during 200l-2008.Results: The incidence of birth defects in perinatal infants from 200l to 2008 was 120.0 per 10,000 births, and was increased by about 41% from 81. 1 in 2001 to 138.5 per 10,000 births in 2008. The incidence...

  12. Insights from Parents about Caring for a Child with Birth Defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Mateus

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Birth defects affect 1 in 33 babies. Having a child with a birth defect impacts the whole family. Parents of children who have birth defects face unique challenges and desire to make life better for their kids. They also want to help to prevent birth defects in the future. Some of the challenges parents face involve communication with healthcare professionals, quality of life issues, creating awareness and advocating for research and funding, finding resources and support, and helping teens transition to appropriate, specialized adult care. This paper addresses these issues and their sub-issues, provides examples, and makes suggestions for improvement and research.

  13. Heart Defects At Birth May Raise Risk for PTSD Later in Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Heart Defects at Birth May Raise Risk for PTSD Later in Life Rate is three times higher ... heart defects may be at increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), researchers say. The reason? High levels of ...

  14. Birth Order and Health of Newborns: What Can We Learn from Danish Registry Data?

    OpenAIRE

    Brenøe, Anne Ardila; Molitor, Ramona

    2016-01-01

    We ask whether birth order differences in health are present at birth using matched administrative data for more than 1 million children born in Denmark between 1981 and 2010. Using family fixed effects models, we find a positive and robust birth order effect; lower parity children are less healthy at birth. Looking at the potential mechanisms, we find that during earlier pregnancies women have higher labor market attachment, are more likely to smoke, receive more prenatal care, and are diagn...

  15. Folic acid and primary prevention of birth defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taruscio, Domenica; Carbone, Pietro; Granata, Orietta; Baldi, Francesca; Mantovani, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Birth defects (BDs) are an important public health problem, due to their overall incidence, occurring in 2-3% of live births in European Union. Neural tube defects (NTDs) are among major NTDs, due to their severity and relatively high incidence; in the meanwhile NTDs are also the most effectively preventable BDs to date. In particular, an adequate folic acid (FA) intake reduces both the occurrence and the recurrence of NTDs; FA is the synthetic form of folates, naturally occurring vitamins in a number of foods, especially vegetables. The daily intake of 0.4 mg of FA should be recommended to all women of childbearing age who plan to become pregnant. The Italian Network for Primary Prevention of BDs through FA Promotion has achieved a significant improvement in FA awareness and use in the periconceptional period. Nevertheless, primary prevention of BDs needs to make further progress; the Italian National Centre for Rare Diseases participates in european sureveillance of congenital anomalies (EUROCAT) Joint Action as coordinator of activities on the effectiveness of BDs prevention. Mandatory food fortification with FA has not been introduced in any European country. The health benefits of FA in reducing the risk of NTDs are undisputed; however mechanistic and animal studies suggest a relationship between high FA intakes and increased cancer promotion, while human studies are still inconsistent and inconclusive. A Working Group organized by the European Food Safety Authority pointed out significant uncertainties about fortification safety and the need for more studies; currently, FA intake from fortified foods and supplements should not exceed 1 mg/day in adults. In conclusion, based on up-to-date scientific evidence, the Italian Network strategy pivots on periconceptional supplementation integrated with promotion of healthy eating habits, support to health education, enhancing the role of women in managing life choices about their health and pregnancy and increasing

  16. Zika virus and birth defects: an obstetric issue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tochukwu C. Okeke

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne virus that is relatively unknown, unstudied and under-diagnosed, but has potentials to spread to new geographical areas that favour survival of Aedes mosquitoes. It is associated with an alarming rise in babies with microcephaly that require much care and support with a lot of financial assistance. This is a review article on Zika virus and birth defects; a worrisome issue in today's obstetric and medical practices. Since Zika's discovery in Uganda, the virus was known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia with no or mild symptoms. It has emerged as a global public health threat over the last decade with accelerated geographic spread of the virus in the last nine years. The risk of Zika virus to the fetus is poorly understood, difficult to quantify and problematic. The causal link between Zika virus and microcephaly was initially speculative, strongly suspected and scientifically unproven. However, on 13th April, 2016, it was concluded that Zika virus is the cause of microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC authors reviewed and weighed evidences using established scientific criteria to conclude after a careful review of the report published in the New England Journal of Medicine. There is no prophylaxis, treatment or vaccine to protect against Zika virus infection. However, preventive personal measures are highly recommended to avoid mosquito bites. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(8.000: 2488-2496

  17. A Birth Defects Prevention Curriculum for Inner-City Junior High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Ellen J.; Cohen, Carl I.

    1981-01-01

    Educators have begun to recognize that the public school system is an ideal setting in which to introduce the topic of birth defects prevention. A highly structured two week curriculum was developed using March of Dimes materials to teach inner-city school children about birth defects prevention. (JN)

  18. Birth Order and Health of Newborns: What Can We Learn from Danish Registry Data?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brenøe, Anne Ardila; Molitor, Ramona

    2016-01-01

    We ask whether birth order differences in health are present at birth using matched administrative data for more than 1 million children born in Denmark between 1981 and 2010. Using family fixed effects models, we find a positive and robust birth order effect; lower parity children are less healthy...... at birth. Looking at the potential mechanisms, we find that during earlier pregnancies women have higher labor market attachment, are more likely to smoke, receive more prenatal care, and are diagnosed with more medical pregnancy complications. Yet, none of these factors explain the birth order...... differences at birth. Data on hospital admissions reveal that the health advantage of higher parity children persists in the first years of life and disappears by age 7....

  19. Risk factors associated with birth defects at a tertiary care center in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Raza, Mohammad Zeeshan; Sheikh, Asfandyar; Ahmed, Syed Salman; Ali, Sajid; Naqvi, Syed Mumtaz Ali

    2012-01-01

    Background Birth defects are defined as those conditions that are substantially determined before or during birth and which are recognizable in early life. They are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. The main objective of the study was to determine the association of certain risk factors with birth defects occurring in pediatric patients seeking care in Civil Hospital, Karachi. Methods This was a prospective, cross-sectional study conducted at Department of Pediatrics: ...

  20. Predicting needs for special education resources for mental retardation from birth defects records.

    OpenAIRE

    Brewster, M A; Kirby, R S; Feild, C R; Cunniff, C M

    1992-01-01

    Planning of service delivery systems for children with special health care needs would be enhanced by knowledge of numbers of cases anticipated in defined geographic areas. A method is described for predicting numbers of children who will likely have mental retardation sufficient to require special education services, based on the birth prevalence of birth defects and clinicians' estimates of the likelihood of mental retardation associated with each specific birth defect. This method is appli...

  1. Exploratory spatial data analysis for the identification of risk factors to birth defects

    OpenAIRE

    Song Xinming; Pang Lihua; Chen Gong; Meng Bin; Wang Jinfeng; Wu Jilei; Zhang Keli; Zhang Ting; Zheng Xiaoying

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Background Birth defects, which are the major cause of infant mortality and a leading cause of disability, refer to "Any anomaly, functional or structural, that presents in infancy or later in life and is caused by events preceding birth, whether inherited, or acquired (ICBDMS)". However, the risk factors associated with heredity and/or environment are very difficult to filter out accurately. This study selected an area with the highest ratio of neural-tube birth defect (NTBD) occurr...

  2. Birth prevalence of selected external structural birth defects at four hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2011–2012

    OpenAIRE

    Rogath Kishimba; Rose Mpembeni; Mghamba, Janneth M; David Goodman; Diana Valencia

    2015-01-01

    Background 94% of all birth defects (BD) and 95% of deaths due to the BD occur in low and middle income countries, many of which are preventable. In Tanzania, there is currently a paucity of BD data necessary to develop data informed prevention activities. Methods A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of deliveries identified with BD in the labor ward registers at four Dar es Salaam hospitals between October, 2011 and February, 2012. The birth prevalence of structural BD, case fatality pro...

  3. Epidemiology of birth defects, perinatal mortality and thyroid cancer before and after the Chernobyl catastrophe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spatial and temporal trends of birth defects and perinatal mortality in Germany and Europe as well as in least and most contaminated regions have been compared and investigated by trends. In numerous data sets, especially from northern and eastern Europe, positive and significant trend variations with upward 'disturbances' in temporal relation associated with the Chernobyl accident 1986 have been identified and spatial associations with regional fallout have been found. A surprisingly consistent picture evolves of significantly raised stillbirth rates after Chernobyl of ca. 5 % in Poland, ca. 10 % in parts of Germany and Sweden, ca. 20 % in Denmark and Finland, and up to ca. 30% in Iceland and Hungary. Low as compared to higher contaminated regions show weaker or stronger effects, respectively. The additional relative risks for birth defects are in the same order of magnitude as the additional relative risks for stillbirth, namely 0,5%-20 %/kBq·m2. Using well-known conversion coefficients, the excess relative risk of 1 %/kBq·m2 translates theoretically to a preliminary relative risk of 1,6/mSv/a. The incidence of thyroid carcinoma among children affected by Chernobyl fallout has increased dramatically in certain parts of Europe. Less evidence exists for a similar effect among adolescents and adults. The cancer registry of the Czech Republic provides an opportunity to study various determinants of the occurrence of thyroid cancer. After the Chernobyl accident, the thyroid cancer incidence of the Czech Republic reveals an additional annual increase of up to 5% depending on age and gender. The additional increases of thyroid cancer in the whole population of the Czech Republic are consistent with reports from other countries. To investigate trends in the sex distribution of newborns before and after the Chernobyl accident, gender-specific annual birth statistics were obtained from the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, and Sweden

  4. The Co-Occurrence of Autism and Birth Defects: Prevalence and Risk in a Population-Based Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schendel, Diana E.; Autry, Andrew; Wines, Roberta; Moore, Cynthia

    2009-01-01

    Aim: To estimate the prevalence of major birth defects among children with autism, the prevalence of autism in children with birth defects, and the risk for autism associated with having birth defects. Method: Retrospective cohort including all children born in Atlanta, GA, USA, 1986 to 1993, who survived to age 3 years and were identified through…

  5. Links between environmental geochemistry and rate of birth defects: Shanxi Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The rate of birth defects in Shanxi Province is among the highest worldwide. In order to identify the impacts of geochemical and environmental factors on birth defect risk, samples of soil, water and food were collected from an area with an unusually high rate of birth defects (study area) and an area with a low rate of birth defects (control area) in Shanxi Province, China. Element contents were determined by ICP-OES, and the results were analyzed using a non-parametric test and stepwise regression. Differences in the level and distribution of 14 geochemical elements, namely arsenic (As), selenium (Se), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), strontium (Sr), iron (Fe), tin (Sn), magnesium (Mg), vanadium (V), calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), aluminum (Al), potassium (K) and sulfur (S) were thus compared between the study and control areas. The results reveal that the geochemical element contents in soil, water and food show a significant difference between the study area and control area, and suggest that the study area was characterized by higher S and lower Sr and Al contents. These findings, based on statistical analysis, may be useful in directing further epidemiological investigations identifying the leading causes of birth defects. - Research Highlights: → Environmental geochemistry has an significant impact on birth defects in the regions with an unusually high rate of birth defects. → An excess of S and deficiency of Sr and Al are the distinctive environmental features associated with the high rate of birth defects in the Shanxi Province of China. → Geochemical anomalies is a non-medical basis for effective prevention and cure of birth defects.

  6. Descriptive epidemiology of selected birth defects, areas of Lombardy, Italy, 1999

    OpenAIRE

    Frassoldi Emanuela; Gambino Maria; Pisani Salvatore; Bellotti Maria; Vergani Daniele; Tittarelli Andrea; Maghini Anna; Fabiano Sabrina; Caramaschi Fausta; Tessandori Roberto; Tagliabue Giovanna; Costa Enrica; Gada Daniela; Crosignani Paolo; Contiero Paolo

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Birth defects are a leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality in Italy, however little is known of the etiology of most defects. Improvements in diagnosis have revealed increasing numbers of clinically insignificant defects, while improvements in treatment have increased the survival of those with more serious and complex defects. For etiological studies, prevention, and management, it is important to have population-based monitoring which provides reliable data on th...

  7. BIRTH DEFECTS RISK ASSOCIATED WITH MATERNAL SPORT FISH CONSUMPTION: POTENTIAL EFFECT MODIFICATION BY SEX OF OFFSPRING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contaminated sport fish consumption may result in exposure to various reproductive and developmental toxicants, including pesticides and other suspected endocrine disruptors. We investigated the relation between maternal sport fish meals and risk of major birth defects among infa...

  8. Adding Folic Acid to Corn Masa Flour May Prevent Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Updates Adding Folic Acid to Corn Masa Flour May Prevent Birth Defects Share Tweet ... mainstay of their regular diets—which often are corn masa-based.” This could be a reason why ...

  9. Pain, Epilepsy Drug Lyrica May Increase Birth Defects Risk, Study Suggests

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_158906.html Pain, Epilepsy Drug Lyrica May Increase Birth Defects Risk, Study ... prescribed for a range of health problems, including epilepsy, fibromyalgia and anxiety. The new study findings should ...

  10. Pain, Epilepsy Drug Lyrica May Increase Birth Defects Risk, Study Suggests

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_158906.html Pain, Epilepsy Drug Lyrica May Increase Birth Defects Risk, Study ... prescribed for a range of health problems, including epilepsy, fibromyalgia and anxiety. The new study findings should ...

  11. "Birth Defects Today--Their Impact Upon the Family, the Patient and Society"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipton, May

    1969-01-01

    Discusses fully necessity for parent, community education concerning birth defects; need for proper prenatal care as possible means of prevention, flexible services for handicapped children with focus on child, not handicap. (CJ)

  12. Birth defects following maternal exposure to ergotamine, beta blockers, and caffeine.

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, H E; Goldstein, D A

    1988-01-01

    Ergotamine exposure during pregnancy has been suggested to cause birth defects which have a vascular disruptive aetiology. The present case provides additional support for the possible adverse fetal effects of exposure to ergotamine, caffeine, and propranolol during the first four months of pregnancy. At birth the infant showed evidence of early arrested cerebral maturation and paraplegia. The nature of these defects suggests a primary vascular disruptive aetiology. We hypothesise that ergota...

  13. Hypospadias and maternal exposure to atrazine via drinking water in the National Birth Defects Prevention study

    OpenAIRE

    Winston, Jennifer J.; Emch, Michael; Meyer, Robert E.; Langlois, Peter; Weyer, Peter; Mosley, Bridget; Olshan, Andrew F.; Band, Lawrence E.; Thomas J. Luben; ,

    2016-01-01

    Background Hypospadias is a relatively common birth defect affecting the male urinary tract. It has been suggested that exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals might increase the risk of hypospadias by interrupting normal urethral development. Methods Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a population-based case-control study, we considered the role of maternal exposure to atrazine, a widely used herbicide and potential endocrine disruptor, via drinking water in the ...

  14. Cancer Risk in Children and Adolescents with Birth Defects: A Population-Based Cohort Study

    OpenAIRE

    Botto, Lorenzo D.; Flood, Timothy; Little, Julian; Fluchel, Mark N.; Krikov, Sergey; Feldkamp, Marcia L.; Wu, Yuan; Goedken, Rhinda; Puzhankara, Soman; Romitti, Paul A.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Birth defects are an increasing health priority worldwide, and the subject of a major 2010 World Health Assembly Resolution. Excess cancer risk may be an added burden in this vulnerable group of children, but studies to date have provided inconsistent findings. This study assessed the risk for cancer in children and young adolescents with major birth defects. Methods and Findings This retrospective, statewide, population-based, cohort study was conducted in three US states (Utah, Ar...

  15. A case–control study of maternal bathing habits and risk for birth defects in offspring

    OpenAIRE

    Agopian, AJ; Waller, D. Kim; Philip J. Lupo; Canfield, Mark A.; Mitchell, Laura E

    2013-01-01

    Background Nearly all women shower or take baths during early pregnancy; however, bathing habits (i.e., shower and bath length and frequency) may be related to the risk of maternal hyperthermia and exposure to water disinfection byproducts, both of which are suspected to increase risk for multiple types of birth defects. Thus, we assessed the relationships between bathing habits during pregnancy and the risk for several nonsyndromic birth defects in offspring. Methods Data for cases with one ...

  16. Birth defects in infants conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection: an alternative interpretation.

    OpenAIRE

    Kurinczuk, J.J.; Bower, C

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that liveborn infants conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection are at an increased risk of having a major birth defect. DESIGN: Reclassification of the birth defects reported in infants born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection in Belgium and comparison with prevalence estimated in Western Australian population by means of same classification system. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: 420 liveborn infants who were conceived after intracytoplasmic sperm injection in...

  17. DESCRIPTIVE CASES STUDY OF CARE, SURVEILLANCE AND PREVENTION OF BIRTH DEFECTS IN RWANDAN CHILDREN

    OpenAIRE

    JJ. Irakiza; L. Mutesa

    2014-01-01

    “According to the World Health Statistics 2008, about 260 000 neonatal deaths worldwide are caused by Congenital anomalies. This fiure represents about 7% of all neonatal deaths”. In our study, birth accounted Defects for 14.9% out of 581 recruited infants with birth defects (87 cases). In this series, 52.9% were Female whereas 47.1% were male.13.8% were premature babies (≤37weeks), 74.7% aged

  18. Maternal and perinatal aspects of birth defects: a case-control study

    OpenAIRE

    Geiza Cesar Nhoncanse; Germano, Carla Maria R.; Lucimar Retto da S. de Avo; Debora Gusmao Melo

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the prevalence of congenital defects and to investigate their maternal and perinatal associated aspects by reviewing Birth Certificates. Methods: Among all born alive infants from January 2003 to December 2007 in Maternidade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia of São Carlos, Southeast Brazil (12,199 infants), cases were identified as the newborns whose Birth Certificates registered any congenital defect. The same sex neonate born immediately after the case was chosen as a ...

  19. The Association of Maternal Lifestyle with Birth Defects in Shaanxi Province, Northwest China

    OpenAIRE

    Pei, Leilei; Kang, Yijun; Cheng, Yue; Yan, Hong

    2015-01-01

    Background The main objective was to investigate the burden of birth defects among alive infants and explore the impact of maternal lifestyle during pregnancy on the burden of birth defects in Northwest China. Methods A stratified multi-stage sampling method was used to study infants born during 2010–2013 (and their mothers) in Shaanxi province of Northwest China. Socio-demographic information was collected using a structured questionnaire, and medical records from the local hospitals were us...

  20. Parental Reactions to an Infant with a Birth Defect: A Study of Five Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintzer, Dorian

    Five families whose first born infant experienced a birth anomaly were followed for two years through a combination of home and laboratory visits. Findings suggested that the birth of an infant with a defect was experienced by the parents as a narcissistic injury and a series of narcissistic insults that affect the parents' self esteem, interfere…

  1. Specific SSRIs and birth defects: bayesian analysis to interpret new data in the context of previous reports

    OpenAIRE

    Reefhuis, Jennita; Devine, Owen; Friedman, Jan M.; Louik, Carol; Honein, Margaret A.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To follow up on previously reported associations between periconceptional use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and specific birth defects using an expanded dataset from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Design Bayesian analysis combining results from independent published analyses with data from a multicenter population based case-control study of birth defects. Setting 10 centers in the United States. Participants 17 952 mothers of infants with birth de...

  2. Maternal and perinatal aspects of birth defects: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geiza Cesar Nhoncanse

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the prevalence of congenital defects and to investigate their maternal and perinatal associated aspects by reviewing Birth Certificates. Methods: Among all born alive infants from January 2003 to December 2007 in Maternidade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia of São Carlos, Southeast Brazil (12,199 infants, cases were identified as the newborns whose Birth Certificates registered any congenital defect. The same sex neonate born immediately after the case was chosen as a control. In total, 13 variables were analyzed: six were maternal related, three represented labor and delivery conditions and four were linked to fetal status. The chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to compare the variables, being significant p<0.05. Results: The prevalence of congenital defects was 0.38% and the association of two or more defects represented 32% of all cases. The number of mothers whose education level was equal or less than eight years was significantly higher among the group with birth defects (p=0.047. A higher frequency of prematurity (p<0.001 and cesarean delivery (p=0.004 was observed among children with birth defects. This group also showed lower birth weight and Apgar scores in the 1st and the 5th minute (p<0.001. Conclusions: The prevalence of congenital defect of 0.38% is possibly due to underreporting. The defects notified in the Birth Certificates were only the most visible ones, regardless of their severity. There is a need of adequate epidemiological monitoring of birth defects in order to create and expand prevention and treatment programs.

  3. Folic acid sensitive birth defects in association with intrauterine exposure to folic acid antagonists

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, W.M.; Walle, H.E.K.de; Kerstjens-Frederikse, W.S; de Jong-van den Berg, Lolkje Theodora Wilhelmina

    2005-01-01

    Since the protective effect of folic acid (FA) on birth defects is well known, it is reasonable to assume intrauterine exposure to FA antagonists increases the risk on these defects. We have therefore performed case-control analyses to investigate the risk of intrauterine exposure to FA antagonists,

  4. DESCRIPTIVE CASES STUDY OF CARE, SURVEILLANCE AND PREVENTION OF BIRTH DEFECTS IN RWANDAN CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JJ. Irakiza

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available “According to the World Health Statistics 2008, about 260 000 neonatal deaths worldwide are caused by Congenital anomalies. This fiure represents about 7% of all neonatal deaths”. In our study, birth accounted Defects for 14.9% out of 581 recruited infants with birth defects (87 cases. In this series, 52.9% were Female whereas 47.1% were male.13.8% were premature babies (≤37weeks, 74.7% aged <5 months and 11.5% were infants aged between 5 and 12 months. Polymalformative conditions were the most common Cause of death identifid in 21 cases (24%, gastrointestinal birth defects caused death in 15 cases (17%, nervous system in 14 (16%, Cardio-vascular birth defects in 10 cases (12%, Chromosomal abnormalities In 10 cases (12%, musculoskeletal defects in 10 cases (12%, congenital mass in 2 cases (2%, oral defects in 2 cases (2%, congenital skin defect in 1 case(1%, whereas congenital respiratory defect and genitourinary malformations in 1 case each (1%.Over 50% patients died in referral hospitals and 77% died after 24 hours of life.

  5. The risk of birth defects in dichorionic twins conceived by assisted reproductive technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuwata, Tomoyuki; Matsubara, Shigeki; Ohkuchi, Akihide; Watanabe, Takashi; Izumi, Akio; Honma, Yoko; Yada, Yukari; Shibahara, Hiroaki; Suzuki, Mitsuaki

    2004-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether dichorionic twins conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART; intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI], in vitro fertilization [IVF], gamete-intrafallopian tube transfer [GIFT]) have a higher risk of birth defects compared to dichorionic twins conceived naturally. We reviewed the medical records of 406 mothers with dichorionic twin pregnancies, who received continuous antenatal care from or = 24 weeks of gestation in our institute. Birth defects were diagnosed at the time of hospital discharge according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Occurrence of birth defects was compared between twins conceived by ART and those conceived naturally using logistic regression analysis. Overall, 51 of 812 infants (51/812 = 6.2%) had birth defects. The incidence of birth defects in ART-conceived twins was significantly higher than that of naturally conceived twins with an odds ratio of 6.9 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.1, 22.5), 3.7 (95% CI 1.2, 12.0), and 4.3 (95% CI 1.4, 14.3) for ICSI, IVF, and GIFT, respectively. The higher frequency of birth defects in ART-conceived twins was still significant after adjusting for higher maternal age in the ART group, with an adjusted odds ratio of 6.7 (95% CI 2.1, 21.9), 3.6 (95% CI 1.1, 11.5), and 3.7 (95% CI 1.2-11.8) for ICSI, IVF, and GIFT, respectively. Dichorionic twins conceived by ART, compared to dichorionic twins conceived naturally, had a much higher risk for birth defects diagnosed at hospital discharge. PMID:15193165

  6. Prevalence of birth defects and risk-factor analysis from a population-based survey in Inner Mongolia, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Xingguang

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Birth Defects are a series of diseases that seriously affect children's health. Birth defects are generally caused by several interrelated factors. The aims of the article is to estimate the prevalence rate and types of birth defects in Inner Mongolia, China, to compare socio-demographic characteristics among the children with birth defects and to analyze the association between risk factors and birth defects. Methods Data used in this study were obtained through baseline survey of Inner Mongolia Birth Defects Program, a population-based survey conducted from 2005 to 2008. The survey used cluster sampling method in all 12 administrative districts of Inner Mongolia. Sampling size is calculated according to local population size at a certain percentage. All live births, stillbirths and abortions born from October 2005 to September 2008, whose families lived in Inner Mongolia at least one year, were included. The cases of birth defects were diagnosed by the clinical doctors according to their experiences with further laboratory tests if needed. The inclusion criteria of the cases that had already dead were decided according to death records available at local cites. We calculated prevalence rate and 95% confidence intervals of different groups. Outcome variable was the occurrence of birth defects and associations between risk factors and birth defects were analyzed by using Poisson regression analysis. Results 976 children with birth defects were diagnosed. The prevalence rate of birth defects was 156.1 per 10000 births (95%CI: 146.3-165.8. The prevalence rate of neural tube defect (20.1 per 10000 births including anencephaly(6.9 per 10000, spina bifida (10.6 per 10000, and encephalocele (2.7 per 10000 was the highest, followed by congenital heart disease (17.1 per 10000. The relative risk (RR for maternal age less than 25 was 2.22 (95%CI: 2.05, 2.41. The RR of the ethnic Mongols was lower than Han Chinese (RR: 0.84; 95%CI: 0

  7. Association between risk of birth defects occurring level and arsenic concentrations in soils of Lvliang, Shanxi province of China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The risk of birth defects is generally accredited with genetic factors, environmental causes, but the contribution of environmental factors to birth defects is still inconclusive. With the hypothesis of associations of geochemical features distribution and birth defects risk, we collected birth records and measured the chemical components in soil samples from a high prevalence area of birth defects in Shanxi province, China. The relative risk levels among villages were estimated with conditional spatial autoregressive model and the relationships between the risk levels of the villages and the 15 types of chemical elements concentration in the cropland and woodland soils were explored. The results revealed that the arsenic levels in cropland soil showed a significant association with birth defects occurring risk in this area, which is consistent with existing evidences of arsenic as a teratogen and warrants further investigation on arsenic exposure routine to birth defect occurring risk. - Highlights: • Association between soil geochemical components and birth defects risk was proposed. • The relative risk difference among villages were estimated with CAR model. • Arsenic levels in cropland showed a significant association to birth defect risk. • The finding warrants further investigation on arsenic as a teratogen. - The difference of risk levels estimate by spatial statistics to birth defect significantly associated with arsenic levels in cropland soils warrants further investigation

  8. Maternal occupation and the risk of major birth defects: a follow-up analysis from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shao; Herdt-Losavio, Michele L; Chapman, Bonnie R; Munsie, Jean-Pierre; Olshan, Andrew F; Druschel, Charlotte M

    2013-06-01

    This study further examined the association between selected maternal occupations and a variety of birth defects identified from prior analysis and explored the effect of work hours and number of jobs held and potential interaction between folic acid and occupation. Data from a population-based, multi-center case-control study was used. Analyses included 45 major defects and specific sub-occupations under five occupational groups: healthcare workers, cleaners, scientists, teachers and personal service workers. Both logistic regression and Bayesian models (to minimize type-1 errors) were used, adjusted for potential confounders. Effect modification by folic acid was also assessed. More than any other occupation, nine different defects were positively associated with maids or janitors [odds ratio (OR) range: 1.72-3.99]. Positive associations were also seen between the following maternal occupations and defects in their children (OR range: 1.35-3.48): chemists/conotruncal heart and neural tube defects (NTDs), engineers/conotruncal defects, preschool teachers/cataracts and cleft lip with/without cleft palate (CL/P), entertainers/athletes/gastroschisis, and nurses/hydrocephalus and left ventricular outflow tract heart defects. Non-preschool teachers had significantly lower odds of oral clefts and gastroschisis in their offspring (OR range: 0.53-0.76). There was a suggestion that maternal folic acid use modified the effects with occupations including lowering the risk of NTDs and CL/P. No consistent patterns were found between maternal work hours or multiple jobs by occupation and the risk of birth defects. Overall, mothers working as maids, janitors, biologists, chemists, engineers, nurses, entertainers, child care workers and preschool teachers had increased risks of several malformations and non-preschool teachers had a lower risk of some defects. Maternal folic acid use reduced the odds of NTDs and CL/P among those with certain occupations. This hypothesis

  9. Collection, use, and protection of population-based birth defects surveillance data in the united states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mai, Cara T; Law, David J; Mason, Craig A; McDowell, Bradley D; Meyer, Robert E; Musa, Debra

    2007-12-01

    Birth defects surveillance systems collect population-based birth defects data from multiple sources to track trends in prevalence, identify risk factors, refer affected families to services, and evaluate prevention efforts. Strong state and federal public health and legal mandates are in place to govern the collection and use of these data. Despite the prima facie appeal of "opt-in" and similar strategies to those who view data collection as a threat to privacy, the use of these strategies in lieu of population-based surveillance can severely limit the ability of public health agencies to accurately access the health status of a group within a defined geographical area. With the need for population-based data central to their mission, birth defects programs around the country take their data stewardship role seriously, recognizing both moral and legal obligations to protect the data by employing numerous safeguards. Birth defects surveillance systems are shaped by the needs of the community they are designed to serve, with the goal of preventing birth defects or alleviating the burdens associated with them. PMID:18064713

  10. Birth defects in Iraq and the plausibility of environmental exposure: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Hadithi Tariq S

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract An increased prevalence of birth defects was allegedly reported in Iraq in the post 1991 Gulf War period, which was largely attributed to exposure to depleted uranium used in the war. This has encouraged further research on this particular topic. This paper reviews the published literature and provided evidence concerning birth defects in Iraq to elucidate possible environmental exposure. In addition to published research, this review used some direct observation of birth defects data from Al-Ramadi Maternity and Paediatric Hospital in Al-Anbar Governorate in Iraq from1st July 2000 through 30th June 2002. In addition to depleted uranium other war-related environmental factors have been studied and linked directly or indirectly with the increasing prevalence of birth defects. However, the reviewed studies and the available research evidence do not provide a clear increase in birth defects and a clear indication of a possible environmental exposure including depleted uranium although the country has been facing several environmental challenges since 1980.

  11. Birth defects in Iraq and the plausibility of environmental exposure: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hadithi, Tariq S; Al-Diwan, Jawad K; Saleh, Abubakir M; Shabila, Nazar P

    2012-01-01

    An increased prevalence of birth defects was allegedly reported in Iraq in the post 1991 Gulf War period, which was largely attributed to exposure to depleted uranium used in the war. This has encouraged further research on this particular topic. This paper reviews the published literature and provided evidence concerning birth defects in Iraq to elucidate possible environmental exposure. In addition to published research, this review used some direct observation of birth defects data from Al-Ramadi Maternity and Paediatric Hospital in Al-Anbar Governorate in Iraq from1st July 2000 through 30th June 2002. In addition to depleted uranium other war-related environmental factors have been studied and linked directly or indirectly with the increasing prevalence of birth defects. However, the reviewed studies and the available research evidence do not provide a clear increase in birth defects and a clear indication of a possible environmental exposure including depleted uranium although the country has been facing several environmental challenges since 1980. PMID:22839108

  12. Morbidity due to acute lower respiratory infection in children with birth defects: a total population-based linked data study

    OpenAIRE

    Jama-Alol, Khadra A; Moore, Hannah C.; Jacoby, Peter; Bower, Carol; Lehmann, Deborah

    2014-01-01

    Background Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in children. Birth defects occur in 5% of live births in Western Australia (WA). The association between birth defects and ALRI hospitalisation is unknown. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 245,249 singleton births in WA (1996-2005). Population-based hospitalisation data were linked to the WA Register of Developmental Anomalies to investigate ALRI hospitalisations in children with an...

  13. The Relationship between Drug-and Chemical-exposure and Birth Defects during Pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈启芳; 张忠恕; 方可娟; 丁亦诺; 顾江; 王仁礼; 杨跃英; 李海放; 蒋秀蓉; 薛寿征

    1994-01-01

    A case-control study was conductedin 36 hospitals of the urban and suburban areas of Shanghai about the relationships between birth defects and drug use and chemieal exposures during pregnancy in the period of July 1987-December 1990. The case group was composed of 1.609 subjects, and the control group 3,218 cases. On statistical analysis, it was found that a correlation existed between birth defects and the intake of APC and diazepam, and the exposure to pesticides, organic soh, ents, benzene, synthetic resin and physical factors (noises) on the part of the mother, and the exposure to harmful chemicals and physical factors and the smoking of 20 or more cigarettes a day on the part of the father. It is also found that the familial hereditary history of the parents and muhigravidio,, malnutrition, common colds, hepatitis and diarrhea during pregnancy may also be related to the birth defects.

  14. Hybrid Procedure for Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect in a Low Birth Weight Neonate

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Ji Young; Seo, Dong-Man; Shin, Hong Ju; Kim, Soo-Jin; Son, Jae Sung

    2013-01-01

    Cardiac surgery in neonates with congenital heart disease has progressed dramatically in the past three decades. However, low-birth-weight neonates with congenital heart disease continue to challenge the intellectual and technical skills of healthcare professionals. We present a case of a low-birth-weight neonate with pulmonary atresia and a ventricular septal defect, in whom palliation was achieved with a right ventricular outflow tract stent using a hybrid procedure.

  15. High Prevalence of Associated Birth Defects in Congenital Hypothyroidism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alok Sachan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To identify dysmorphic features and cardiac, skeletal, and urogenital anomalies in patients with congenital hypothyroidism. Patients and Methods. Seventeen children with congenital primary hypothyroidism were recruited. Cause for congenital hypothyroidism was established using ultrasound of thyroid and T99mc radionuclide thyroid scintigraphy. Malformations were identified by clinical examination, echocardiography, X-ray of lumbar spine, and ultrasonography of abdomen. Results. Ten (59% patients (6 males and 4 females had congenital malformations. Two had more than one congenital malformation (both spina bifida and ostium secundum atrial septal defect. Five (29% had cardiac malformations, of whom three had only osteum secundum atrial septal defect (ASD, one had only patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, and one patient had both ASD and PDA. Seven patients (41% had neural tube defects in the form of spina bifida occulta. Conclusion. Our study indicates the need for routine echocardiography in all patients with congenital hypothyroidism.

  16. Maternal dietary glycemic intake during pregnancy and the risk of birth defects

    OpenAIRE

    Yazdy, Mahsa M.; MITCHELL, ALLEN A.; Liu, Simin; Werler, Martha M.

    2011-01-01

    High sugar intake has been linked to fetal anomalies in the presence and absence of insulin resistance. Using dietary data collected in the Boston University Slone Epidemiology Birth Defects Study, we examined whether high dietary glycemic index (dGI) or load (dGL) increased the risk of birth defects. Non-diabetic mothers of 1,921 cases and 704 controls were interviewed within six months after delivery (1988–1998) about pregnancy events and exposures, including a 99-item food frequency questi...

  17. Low Birth Weight and Risk of Progression to End Stage Renal Disease in IgA Nephropathy-A Retrospective Registry-Based Cohort Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paschal Ruggajo

    Full Text Available Low Birth Weight (LBW is a surrogate for fetal undernutrition and is associated with impaired nephron development in utero. In this study, we investigate whether having been born LBW and/or small for gestational age (SGA predict progression to ESRD in IgA nephropathy (IgAN patients.Retrospective registry-based cohort study.The Medical Birth Registry has recorded all births since 1967 and the Norwegian Renal Registry has recorded all patients with ESRD since 1980. Based on data from the Norwegian Kidney Biopsy Registry we included all patients diagnosed with IgAN in Norway from 1988-2013. These registries were linked and we analysed risk of progression to ESRD associated with LBW (defined as birth weight less than the 10th percentile and/or SGA (defined as birth weight less than the 10th percentile for gestational week by Cox regression statistics.We included 471 patients, of whom 74 developed ESRD. As compared to patients without LBW, patients with LBW had a hazard ratio (HR of 2.0 (95% confidence interval 1.1-3.7 for the total cohort, 2.2 (1.1-4.4 for males and 1.3 (0.30-5.8 for females. Corresponding HRs for SGA were 2.2 (1.1-4.2, 2.7 (1.4-5.5 and 0.8 (0.10-5.9. Further analyses showed that as compared to patients with neither LBW nor SGA, patients with either SGA or LBW did not have significantly increased risks (HRs of 1.3-1.4 but patients who were both LBW and SGA had an increased risk (HR 3.2 (1.5-6.8.Mean duration of follow-up only 10 years and maximum age only 46 years.Among IgAN patients, LBW and/or SGA was associated with increased risk for progression to ESRD, the association was stronger in males.

  18. Development of biomarkers to assess fumonisin exposure and birth defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fumonisin is suspected to be a risk factor for increased incidence of neural tube defects (NTD) in humans where maize is consumed in large amounts and diets are likely to be deficient in folate. In susceptible mice, fumonisin induction of NTD appears to be closely linked to disruption of sphingolip...

  19. Population and case-control surveillance in the search for environmental causes of birth defects.

    OpenAIRE

    Oakley, G. P.

    1984-01-01

    An important national health goal is to reduce morbidity attributable to birth defects and developmental disabilities. Population-based surveillance has made notable contributions toward preventing these problems; it is also useful in monitoring changes in their incidence and in helping to identify reproductive hazards in the environment. The Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program of the Centers for Disease Control is a model for such surveillance activities. Its register contains da...

  20. Birth defects in perinatal infants in areas contiguous to Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant before its normal operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To understand the status of birth defects among the perinatal infants in the areas contiguous to Hongyanhe nuclear power plant before its normal operation, so as to provide background information for the evaluation of the impact of nuclear power plant on birth defects. Methods: From 1 October 1995 to 30 September 2009 the midwifery units at second class and above of Wafangdian City were asked to be in charge of recording the birth defects among the perinatal infants born during this period within the range of 50 km around the Hongyanhe nuclear power plant. Results: The total number of birth defects was 697, and the maternal number Was 83779. The average defect rate Was 83.20/104. There were significant differences in the birth defect rate among different years (χ2=39.54, P<0.05), however, without linear trend therein,and among the survey areas (χ2=15.36, P<0.05) as well. The top five birth defects were congenital heart disease (148 cases), cleft lip with cleft palate (67 cases), congenital hydrocephalus (63 cases), and spina bifida (37 cases) and cleft lip (36 cases). Conclusions: The birth defect rate within the range of 50 km around the Hongyanhe nuclear power plant is lower than that of the region of Liaoning Province and the national rate of birth defects. (authors)

  1. Diabetes and Obesity-Related Genes and the Risk of Neural Tube Defects in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study

    OpenAIRE

    Lupo, Philip J.; Canfield, Mark A.; Chapa, Claudia; Lu, Wei; Agopian, A.J.; Mitchell, Laura E; Shaw, Gary M.; Waller, D. Kim; Olshan, Andrew F.; Finnell, Richard H.; Zhu, Huiping

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have evaluated genetic susceptibility related to diabetes and obesity as a risk factor for neural tube defects (NTDs). The authors investigated 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms among 9 genes (ADRB3, ENPP1, FTO, LEP, PPARG, PPARGC1A, SLC2A2, TCF7L2, and UCP2) associated with type 2 diabetes or obesity. Samples were obtained from 737 NTD case-parent triads included in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study during 1999–2007. Log-linear models were used to evaluate maternal and...

  2. BIRTH DEFECTS IN FOUR U.S. WHEAT-PRODUCING STATES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birth Defects in Four U.S. Wheat - Producing StatesDina M. Schreinemachers, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711Wheat agriculture in Mi...

  3. Timing of Zika Infection in Pregnancy May Be Key to Birth Defect Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159383.html Timing of Zika Infection in Pregnancy May Be Key to Birth Defect Risk Colombian ... federal policy. More Health News on: Infections and Pregnancy Zika Virus Recent Health News Related MedlinePlus Health Topics ...

  4. Overview of Epidemiology, Genetics, Birth Defects, and Chromosome Abnormalities Associated With CDH

    OpenAIRE

    Pober, Barbara R.

    2007-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common and well-studied birth defect. The etiology of most cases remains unknown but increasing evidence points to genetic causation. The data supporting genetic etiologies which are detailed below include the association of CDH with recurring chromosome abnormalities, the existence of CDH-multiplex families, and the co-occurrence of CDH with additional congenital malformations.

  5. Proceedings of the Conference on Birth Defects for Educators (May 4, 1978).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Michael S., Ed.; Davidson, Mary W., Ed.

    Six papers from a 1978 conference on birth defects focus on prevention. G. Stickle ("The Health of America's Babies: How Do We Stack Up?'" reviews risk in pregnancy, cites inadequate prenatal care and maternal nutrition, and discusses examples of how the United States is not applying its knowledge of how to improve pregnancy outcome. In "Genetic…

  6. Drinking & Congenital Birth Defects: Alcohol Awareness in the Northern Rivers Region of New South Wales, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeigh, Tony; Dip, Grad; Kean, Brian

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: Guidelines developed to minimise the risk of harm associated with alcohol consumption in Australia focus on promoting population health by changing cultural attitudes. This research study was conducted to uncover attitudes toward maternal drinking and awareness of alcohol-related birth defects within the semi-rural Northern Rivers area of…

  7. Maternal exposure to traffic-related air pollution and birth defects in Massachusetts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girguis, Mariam S; Strickland, Matthew J; Hu, Xuefei; Liu, Yang; Bartell, Scott M; Vieira, Verónica M

    2016-04-01

    Exposures to particulate matter with diameter of 2.5µm or less (PM2.5) may influence risk of birth defects. We estimated associations between maternal exposure to prenatal traffic-related air pollution and risk of cardiac, orofacial, and neural tube defects among Massachusetts births conceived 2001 through 2008. Our analyses included 2729 cardiac, 255 neural tube, and 729 orofacial defects. We used satellite remote sensing, meteorological and land use data to assess PM2.5 and traffic-related exposures (distance to roads and traffic density) at geocoded birth addresses. We calculated adjusted odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CI) using logistic regression models. Generalized additive models were used to assess spatial patterns of birth defect risk. There were positive but non-significant associations for a 10µg/m(3) increase in PM2.5 and perimembranous ventricular septal defects (OR=1.34, 95% CI: 0.98, 1.83), patent foramen ovale (OR=1.19, 95% CI: 0.92, 1.54) and patent ductus arteriosus (OR=1.20, 95% CI: 0.95, 1.62). There was a non-significant inverse association between PM2.5 and cleft lip with or without palate (OR=0.76, 95% CI: 0.50, 1.10), cleft palate only (OR=0.89, 95% CI: 0.54, 1.46) and neural tube defects (OR=0.77, 95% CI: 0.46, 1.05). Results for traffic related exposure were similar. Only ostium secundum atrial septal defects displayed significant spatial variation after accounting for known risk factors. PMID:26705853

  8. Correlation Between Birth Defects and Dietary Nutrition Status in a High Incidence Area of China1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO-YUAN ZHANG; QING-SHAN ZHANG; JIN ZHAO; YU-FU QIN; XIU-FENG YANG; GONG CHEN; JU-FEN LIU; XIN-MING SONG; XIAO-YING ZHENG; TING ZHANG; LIANG-MING LIN; FANG WANG; RUO-LEI XIN; XUE GU; YU-NA HE; DONG-MEI YU; PEI-ZHEN LI

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association between birth defects and dietary nutrient intake in a high risk area of China.Methods A dietary survey was performed and serum folic acid was measured in women whose pregnancy was affected by neural tube defects(NTDs)or unaffected by any birth defects(BDs)in Zhongyang and Jiaokou Counties in Shanxi Province of China.Results The local average censureption of foods including dark green vegetables,fluits,fat and meat,and nutrient intake(e.g.energy,protein,retinol,riboflavin,vitamin E,and selenium)were lower than the national average level.In women of childbearing age,these regions,the intake of nutrients was much lower than the recommended nutrient intake(9%-77%)The case-centrel dietary nutrition smdv of women whose pregnancy was affected bv BDs(including MTDs and congenital heart defects)demonstrated that,in early pregnancy,adequate nutrition(I.e.eating meat,fresh vegetables,fruit more than once a week)was a protective factor,while eating germinated potatoes was a risk factor.The geometrical mean(p5-p95)of serum folic acid in women with NTD birth defects was 9.6 nmol/L(3.6,23.03),which was significantly lower than that in normal women(14.03 nmol/L). Conclusion Wemen of childbearing age in the two counties of Shanxi Province,Chim,have a marked insufficient intake of some nutrients,especially folic acid,zinc,vitamins A and B12.This nutrient deficiency may be an important risk factor for the high prevalence of birth defects in these regions.Therefore,adequate dietary nutrition in early pregnancy can prevent BDs.

  9. Postmarketing analysis of medicines: methodology and value of the spanish case-control study and surveillance system in preventing birth defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Frías, María Luisa

    2007-01-01

    There are many surveillance systems of congenital defects all over the world; several of them have developed specific approaches to generate and test selected hypotheses regarding human teratogens. However, to the best of our knowledge, none of them have a permanent and systematised programme for the study of the risk and safety of drugs. The aim of this article is to describe the research programme on the potential effects of drugs in pregnancy followed by the Spanish Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECEMC), which is a permanent ongoing case-control study and surveillance system. The programme to analyse drugs includes a continuous and systematic study on the potential effects of medicines used during pregnancy. This programme has several characteristics that make it different from other current systems: (i) the collection of numerous datapoints (up to 312 per infant) in a case-control design; (ii) the use of a versatile and specific coding of birth defects; (iii) a specific programme for the continuous analysis of the potential effects of each type of drugs used during pregnancy that has been developed specifically for the ECEMC methodology, including its dysmorphological coding system. The description of the ECEMC's approach to surveillance of the effects of drug use during pregnancy may help researches in this area, particularly those using data from birth defects registries. PMID:17408307

  10. Comparison of residential geocoding methods in population-based study of air quality and birth defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilboa, Suzanne M; Mendola, Pauline; Olshan, Andrew F; Harness, Catherine; Loomis, Dana; Langlois, Peter H; Savitz, David A; Herring, Amy H

    2006-06-01

    Our population-based case-control study of air quality and birth defects in Texas relied on the geocoding of maternal residence from vital records for the assignment of air pollution exposures during early pregnancy. We attempted to geocode the maternal addresses for 5,338 birth defect cases and 4,574 frequency-matched controls using an automated procedure with standard matching criteria in ArcGIS 8.2 and 8.3. Initially, we matched 7,266 observations (73%). To increase the proportion of successful matches, we used an interactive procedure for the 2,646 addresses that were initially not geocoded by the software. This yielded an additional 985 matches (37%). Using the same 2,646 initially unmatched addresses, we compared the results of this interactive procedure to those of an automated procedure using lower standards. The automated procedure with lower standards yielded more matches (n=1,559, 59%) but with questionable accuracy. We included the interactively geocoded observations in our final data set. Their inclusion did not affect the estimates of air pollution exposure but increased our statistical power to detect associations between air quality and risk of selected birth defects. The geocoded and not geocoded populations differed in the distribution of Latino ethnicity (51% vs 59%) and ethnicity was independently associated with air pollution exposures (Pbirth defects; Latina women appeared to have a slightly lower risk of birth defects than non-Latina women in the geocoded population and to have a slightly higher risk in the not geocoded population. Incomplete geocoding may have resulted in a selection bias because of the under-representation of Latinas in our study population. PMID:16483563

  11. Effect of consanguinity on birth defects in Saudi women; results from a nested case-control study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Majeed-Saidan, Muhammad Ali; Ammari, Amer N; AlHashem, Amal M;

    2015-01-01

    : This case and control study was nested within a 3-year prospective cohort study to examine patterns of fetal and neonatal malformations in Saudi women at Prince Sultan Military Medical City (PSMMC), Riyadh -Saudi Arabia. Consanguineous marriages were defined as marriages with first or second cousins......BACKGROUND: The role of consanguinity in the etiology of structural birth defects outside of chromosomal and inherited disorders has always been debated. We studied the independent role of consanguinity on birth defects in Saudi women with a high prevalence of consanguineous marriages. METHODS...... consanguinity prevalence for all included women was 49.6%. The consanguinity among babies with major Birth Defects (BDs) was 54.5% and 45.2% for controls (P < 0.0002). The prevalence of major birth defects was 41.1 per 1000 total births. Univariate analysis showed that consanguinity had a statistically...

  12. Factors associated with major structural birth defects among newborns delivered at Muhimbili National Hospital and Municipal Hospitals in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania 2011 – 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Kishimba, Rogath Saika; Mpembeni, Rose; Mghamba, Janneth

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Ninety-four percent of all birth defects and 95% of deaths due to the birth defects occur in low and middle income countries, Tanzania among them. In Tanzania there are currently limited birth defects prevention strategies in place due to limited information on factors associated with the occurrence of birth defects. Methods We conducted a case control study that included newborns born from October, 2011 through February, 2012 at 4 participating hospitals. A case was defined as a...

  13. Construction of HMI Network System for Individualized Maternity Intervention Service against Birth Defects in Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu-huai HU

    2007-01-01

    The paper expounds the community maternity service system against birth defects,from the viewpoint of individualized service in family planning. We have utilized modern information technology to develop health management information (HMI) network with individualized maternity, and to establish the community service system for intervention of birth defects. The service system applied the concept of modern health management information to implementing informational management for screening,treatment, following up, outcome monitoring, so as to provide a base for promotion of health, diagnosis, treatment as well as scientific research, with the prenatal screening of Down's syndrome as a model. The introduction to informational network during the processes of service has been carried out with regards to its composition, function and application, while introducing the effects of computerized case record individualized in prevention, management and research of Down's syndrome.

  14. Antiretroviral therapy, pregnancy, and birth defects: a discussion on the updated data

    OpenAIRE

    Prestes-Carneiro LE

    2013-01-01

    Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro1–21Immunology Department, University of Oeste Paulista, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil; 2Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Ipiranga, São Paulo, SP, BrazilAbstract: An increasing number of HIV-infected women of childbearing age are initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) worldwide. This review aims to discuss updated data of the eligible ART regimens and their role in inducing birth defects in utero. Zidovudine and lamivudine plu...

  15. A Study of Handling Cytotoxic Drugs and Risk of Birth Defects in Offspring of Female Veterinarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeleh Shirangi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We examined the association of occupational exposure to handling cytotoxic drugs at work with risk of birth defects among a cohort of female veterinarians. This study is a follow up survey of 321 female participants (633 pregnancies who participated in the Health Risks of Australian Veterinarian project. Data on pregnancies and exposure during each pregnancy was obtained by self-administered mailed questionnaire. Female veterinarians handling cytotoxic drugs during their pregnancy had a two-fold increased risk of birth defects in their offspring (RR = 2.08, 95% CI (1.05–4.15. Results were consistent in subgroup analysis of those who graduated during the period of 1961 to 1980 (RR = 5.04, 95% CI (1.81, 14.03 and in those working specifically in small and large animal practice. There was no increased risk in the subgroup that graduated after 1980. Women with unplanned pregnancies were more likely to handle cytotoxic drugs on a daily basis (RR = 1.86, 95% CI, 1.00–3.48 and had a higher increased risk of birth defects than those who planned their pregnancies in recent graduates and in those who worked specifically in small animal practice (RR = 2.53, 95% CI, 1.18–5.42. This study suggests that the adverse effects of handling cytotoxic drugs in pregnant women may include an increased risk of birth defects. Pregnancy intention status is an important health behavior and should be considered in prenatal programs.

  16. Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 338-348. Retrieved July 19, 2012, from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/01/25/peds.2011-3435.abstract ... NICHD News and Spotlights Zika virus damages placenta, kills fetal mice NICHD Begins ...

  17. Birth prevalence for congenital limb defects in the northern Netherlands : a 30-year population-based study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vasluian, Ecaterina; van der Sluis, Corry K; van Essen, Anthonie J; Bergman, Jorieke E H; Dijkstra, Pieter U; Reinders-Messelink, Heleen A; de Walle, Hermien E K

    2013-01-01

    Background: Reported birth prevalences of congenital limb defects (CLD) vary between countries: from 13/10,000 in Finland for the period 1964-1977 to 30.4/10,000 births in Scotland from 1964-1968. Epidemiological studies permit the timely detection of trends in CLD and of associations with other bir

  18. Device closure in adults with atrial septal defect in Shiraz, a single center registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostovan, Mohammad Ali; Kojuri, Javad; Dehghani, Pooyan; Razazi, Vida; Moarref, Alireza

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Successful closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) improves patients’ functional class and exercise capacity. In this study we evaluate the safety and feasibility of percutaneous device closure of ASDs. Methods: Two hundred fifty six patients with significant ASD according to our criteria were enrolled. The patients were treated using nitinol wire mesh transcatheter devices. Complications were followed for a median of 2.5 years. Results: Success rate was 98.4% with 3 unsuccessful cases and a mean hospital stay of 1.007 ± 0.0004 days. Complication rate was 7.42%. Size of the right ventricle (RV) annulus was significantly decreased 24 hours after intervention (P = 0.005). Conclusion: The present report demonstrates that transcatheter closure of ASD is safe and effective. PMID:27069566

  19. Lack of periconceptional vitamins or supplements that contain folic acid and diabetes mellitus–associated birth defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Adolfo; Gilboa, Suzanne M.; Botto, Lorenzo D.; Moore, Cynthia A.; Hobbs, Charlotte A.; Cleves, Mario A.; Riehle-Colarusso, Tiffany J.; Waller, D. Kim; Reece, E. Albert

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the risk of birth defects in relation to diabetes mellitus and the lack of use of periconceptional vitamins or supplements that contain folic acid. STUDY DESIGN The National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997-2004) is a multicenter, population-based case-control study of birth defects (14,721 cases and 5437 control infants). Cases were categorized into 18 types of heart defects and 26 noncardiac birth defects. We estimated odds ratios for independent and joint effects of preexisting diabetes mellitus and a lack of periconceptional use of vitamins or supplements that contain folic acid. RESULTS The pattern of odds ratios suggested an increased risk of defects that are associated with diabetes mellitus in the absence vs the presence of the periconceptional use of vitamins or supplements that contain folic acid. CONCLUSION The lack of periconceptional use of vitamins or supplements that contain folic acid may be associated with an excess risk for birth defects due to diabetes mellitus. PMID:22284962

  20. Birth prevalence of neural tube defects and orofacial clefts in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komal Preet Allagh

    Full Text Available In the last two decades, India has witnessed a substantial decrease in infant mortality attributed to infectious disease and malnutrition. However, the mortality attributed to birth defects remains constant. Studies on the prevalence of birth defects such as neural tube defects and orofacial clefts in India have reported inconsistent results. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of observational studies to document the birth prevalence of neural tube defects and orofacial clefts.A comprehensive literature search for observational studies was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE databases using key MeSH terms (neural tube defects OR cleft lip OR cleft palate AND Prevalence AND India. Two reviewers independently reviewed the retrieved studies, and studies satisfying the eligibility were included. The quality of included studies was assessed using selected criteria from STROBE statement.The overall pooled birth prevalence (random effect of neural tube defects in India is 4.5 per 1000 total births (95% CI 4.2 to 4.9. The overall pooled birth prevalence (random effect of orofacial clefts is 1.3 per 1000 total births (95% CI 1.1 to 1.5. Subgroup analyses were performed by region, time period, consanguinity, and gender of newborn.The overall prevalence of neural tube defects from India is high compared to other regions of the world, while that of orofacial clefts is similar to other countries. The majority of studies included in the review were hospital based. The quality of these studies ranged from low to moderate. Further well-designed, high quality community-based observational studies are needed to accurately estimate the burden of neural tube defects and orofacial clefts in India.

  1. [Pesticide exposure and reproductive and birth defects. Critical analysis of epidemiological and experimental evidence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavieres, María Fernanda

    2004-07-01

    Several epidemiological studies link pesticide exposure to reproductive and developmental toxicity. However, additional studies have shown little or no evidence to support such relationship. On the other hand, experimental data show that some pesticides may indeed alter the reproductive function or produce birth defects (as evidenced by intrauterine death, in utero growth retardation, visceral and skeletal malformations or functional deficits) in laboratory animals. This review is a critical analysis of the epidemiological and experimental evidence available to date, that links pesticide exposure with induction of reproductive or developmental defects. Factors that must be considered when establishing a cause-effect relationship are also discussed, including the shape of the dose-response curve, exposure to pesticides in chemical mixtures and the influence of genetic background. PMID:15379337

  2. Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect and Pulmonary Stenosis Diagnosed in a 49-Year-Old Woman after 10 Uneventful Births

    OpenAIRE

    Altin, Firat H.; Yildiz, Okan; Karacalilar, Mehmet; Tosun, Oyku; Kocyigit, Ozgen Ilgaz; Erek, Ersin

    2015-01-01

    Atrioventricular septal defects constitute 4% of all congenital cardiac malformations. Patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect rarely survive for decades without surgical treatment. Pulmonary stenosis can provide a delicate balance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations and thereby increase longevity. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman whose complete atrioventricular septal defect and associated pulmonary stenosis were diagnosed only after she had given birth to...

  3. Birth defects data for 8 California counties by county, maternal age, maternal race/ethnicity, and infant gender for the years 2000-2006.

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Environmental Health Tracking Program — This dataset contains counts, rates, and confidence intervals of 12 selected birth defects among live births during 2000-2006 within eight California counties:...

  4. The effects of periconceptional risk factor exposure and micronutrient supplementation on birth defects in Shaanxi Province in Western China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenfang Yang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: 1 To understand the current prevalence and main types of birth defects, 2 assess the periconceptional exposure of factors associated with birth defects in Shaanxi Province, and 3 provide scientific evidence for local governments to formulate services for the primary prevention of birth defects. METHODS: We sampled 16,541 households from 128 townships in 16 counties/districts in Shaanxi province using a multi-stage random sampling method. Among them, 10,544 women who had live born or stillborn infants with gestational age ≥ 28 weeks between 2008 and 2009 were interviewed using a structured questionnaire designed to collect information about periconceptional risk factor exposure, health care service utilization, and micronutrient supplements. Logistic regression was performed to assess the risk factors associated with birth defects and adjustments were made for imbalanced social-demographic characteristics between case and control groups. RESULTS: The prevalence of congenital birth defect in Shaanxi province was 14.3/1000 births. The environment risk factors associated with birth defects include unhealthy lifestyle (Alcohol, odds ratio (OR: 3.60, 95% confidence interval (CI 1.64-7.91; Smoking, OR: 1.32, 95% CI: 0.99-1.75; Drink strong tea, OR: 1.81, 95% CI: 1.27-2.59, exposure to heavy pollution (OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.01-2.30, maternal diseases (OR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.35-2.33, drug use (OR: 2.11, 95% CI: 1.51-2.95, maternal chemical pesticide exposure (OR: 2.30, 95% CI: 1.16-4.57, and adverse pregnancy history (OR: 10.10, 95% CI: 7.55-13.53. Periconceptional folic acid or multiple micronutrients including folic acid supplementation, was associated with a reduced rate of birth defects (OR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.29-0.998. CONCLUSIONS: Health care service utilization, unhealthy lifestyle factors, and environment risk factors seem to be associated with birth defects in Shaanxi province. Governmental agencies should focus on effective primary

  5. Concordance Rates of Birth Defects After Assisted Reproductive Technology Among 17 258 Japanese Twin Pregnancies: A Nationwide Survey, 2004–2009

    OpenAIRE

    ,

    2013-01-01

    Background Most twins after assisted reproductive technology (ART) are dizygotic. Analysis of dizygotic twin pairs is useful in assessing familial aggregation in the development of birth defects. Methods Using nationwide post-ART data from the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, recurrence risk ratios (RRRs)—defined as probandwise concordance rates of birth defects in twins divided by the prevalence of birth defects in the general population—were calculated as indicators of familial a...

  6. Congenital hydrocephalus in two pregnancies following the birth of a child with a neural tube defect: aetiology and management.

    OpenAIRE

    Robertson, R D; Sarti, D A; Brown, W J; Crandall, B. F.

    1981-01-01

    A family is described with congenital hydrocephalus occurring in two pregnancies following the birth of a child with a neural tube defect (NTD). Prenatal diagnosis of hydrocephalus at mid-gestation was achieved by ultrasonography. The increased frequency of hydrocephalus among sibs of probands with a NTD and vice versa suggests that, following the birth of a child with either malformations, subsequent pregnancies should be monitored at mid-gestation by amniotic fluid AFP and serial ultrasound...

  7. Diabetes and obesity-related genes and the risk of neural tube defects in the national birth defects prevention study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupo, Philip J; Canfield, Mark A; Chapa, Claudia; Lu, Wei; Agopian, A J; Mitchell, Laura E; Shaw, Gary M; Waller, D Kim; Olshan, Andrew F; Finnell, Richard H; Zhu, Huiping

    2012-12-15

    Few studies have evaluated genetic susceptibility related to diabetes and obesity as a risk factor for neural tube defects (NTDs). The authors investigated 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms among 9 genes (ADRB3, ENPP1, FTO, LEP, PPARG, PPARGC1A, SLC2A2, TCF7L2, and UCP2) associated with type 2 diabetes or obesity. Samples were obtained from 737 NTD case-parent triads included in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study during 1999-2007. Log-linear models were used to evaluate maternal and offspring genetic effects. After application of the false discovery rate, there were 5 significant maternal genetic effects. The less common alleles at the 4 FTO single nucleotide polymorphisms showed a reduction of NTD risk (for rs1421085, relative risk (RR) = 0.73 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62, 0.87); for rs8050136, RR = 0.79 (95% CI: 0.67, 0.93); for rs9939609, RR = 0.79 (95% CI: 0.67, 0.94); and for rs17187449, RR = 0.80 (95% CI: 0.68, 0.95)). Additionally, maternal LEP rs2071045 (RR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.08, 1.60) and offspring UCP2 rs660339 (RR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.06, 1.64) were associated with NTD risk. Furthermore, the maternal genotype for TCF7L2 rs3814573 suggested an increased NTD risk among obese women. These findings indicate that maternal genetic variants associated with glucose homeostasis may modify the risk of having an NTD-affected pregnancy. PMID:23132673

  8. Specific Association of Teratogen and Toxicant Metals in Hair of Newborns with Congenital Birth Defects or Developmentally Premature Birth in a Cohort of Couples with Documented Parental Exposure to Military Attacks: Observational Study at Al Shifa Hospital, Gaza, Palestine

    OpenAIRE

    Paola Manduca; Awny Naim; Simona Signoriello

    2014-01-01

    This study was undertaken in Gaza, Palestine, in a cohort of babies born in 2011. Hair samples of newborns were analyzed for metal load by DRC-ICP-MS. We report specific level of contamination by teratogen/toxicants metals of newborn babies, environmentally unexposed, according to their phenotypes at birth: normal full term babies, birth defects or developmentally premature. The occurrence of birth defects was previously shown to be correlated in this cohort to documented exposure of parents ...

  9. Genetic Conditions: A Resource Book and Instructional Guide to Human Heredity and Birth Defects for Kindergarten Through Adult Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    Designed for administrators, teachers, school nurses, and others involved in health education for kindergarten through adult education, the resource guide provides curriculum ideas for instruction in genetic conditions, heredity, and birth defects. Student learning objectives, content information, learning activities, and evaluation methods are…

  10. Preventing Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Other Alcohol-Related Birth Defects: Teacher's Manual and Student Text. High School Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Elizabeth; And Others

    This teacher's manual presents lesson plans for a high-school instructional unit on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and its less severe manifestations, Alcohol-Related Birth Defects. The lessons cover alcohol's effects during pregnancy, the history of concern about alcohol's effects, consequences of alcohol use in pregnancy, lifestyle risk reduction, and…

  11. 10 Projects for Preventing Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Other Alcohol-Related Birth Defects and Have You Heard about Alcohol and Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Jerry; And Others

    A set of two pamphlets is presented on the topic of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects. "Ten Projects for Preventing Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Other Alcohol-Related Birth Defects" provides ideas and materials for students and others to use in educating the public about the dangers of alcohol use during pregnancy. It offers…

  12. Agricultural chemical exposures and birth defects in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa A case – control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyler Joanne

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background South Africa is one of the major users of pesticides on the African continent. The Eastern Cape is the second largest province in South Africa. There has been growing concern about the occurrence of certain birth defects which seemed to have increased in the past few years. In this paper we investigate associations between exposure to agricultural chemicals and certain birth defects. Few such studies have been undertaken in the developing world previously. Methods Between September 2000 and March 2001 a case – control study was conducted among rural women in the area of the Eastern cape to investigate the association between women's exposure to pesticides and the occurrence of birth defects. Information on birth defects was obtained from the register of the Paediatrics Department at the Cecilia Makiwane Hospital in Mdantsane, one of the largest referral hospitals in the province. The cases were children who were diagnosed with selected birth defects. The controls were children born in the same areas as the cases. Exposure information on the mothers was obtained by interview concerning from their activities in gardens and fields. Data were analysed using conditional logistic regression. Results A total of 89 case mothers and 178 control mothers was interviewed. Babies with birth defects were seven times more likely to be born to women exposed to chemicals used in gardens and fields compared to no reported exposure (Odds Ratio 7.18, 95% CI 3.99, 13.25; and were almost twice as likely to be born to women who were involved in dipping livestock used to prevent ticks (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.15, 3.14. They were also 6.5 times more likely to be born to women who were using plastic containers for fetching water (OR 6.5, 95% CI 2.2, 27.9. Some of these containers had previously contained pesticides (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.06, 3.31. Conclusions These findings suggest a link between exposure to pesticides and certain birth defects among the

  13. Low birth weight and zygosity status is associated with defective muscle glycogen and glycogen synthase regulation in elderly twins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Pernille; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen; Richter, Erik; Beck-Nielsen, Henning; Vaag, Allan

    2007-01-01

    lower fractional GS activity amidst higher glycogen and GS protein levels compared with dizygotic twins. In addition, we demonstrated strong nongenetic associations between birth weight and defect muscle glycogen metabolism in elderly--but not in younger--twins. Thus, for every 100 g increase in birth......OBJECTIVE: An adverse intrauterine environment indicated by both low birth weight and monozygosity is associated with an age- or time-dependent reduction in glucose disposal and nonoxidative glucose metabolism in twins, suggesting impaired regulation of muscle glycogen synthesis. RESEARCH DESIGN...... weight within pairs, GS fractional activity, GS protein level, and glycogen content was increased by 4.2, 8.7, and 4.5%, respectively, in elderly twins. Similarly, for every 100 g increase in birth weight, GSK3 alpha activity and GS phosphorylation at the sites 2, 2+2a, and 3a+3b were decreased by 3.1, 9...

  14. New development of the yolk sac theory in diabetic embryopathy: molecular mechanism and link to structural birth defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Daoyin; Reece, E Albert; Lin, Xue; Wu, Yanqing; AriasVillela, Natalia; Yang, Peixin

    2016-02-01

    Maternal diabetes mellitus is a significant risk factor for structural birth defects, including congenital heart defects and neural tube defects. With the rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity in women of childbearing age, diabetes mellitus-induced birth defects have become an increasingly significant public health problem. Maternal diabetes mellitus in vivo and high glucose in vitro induce yolk sac injuries by damaging the morphologic condition of cells and altering the dynamics of organelles. The yolk sac vascular system is the first system to develop during embryogenesis; therefore, it is the most sensitive to hyperglycemia. The consequences of yolk sac injuries include impairment of nutrient transportation because of vasculopathy. Although the functional relationship between yolk sac vasculopathy and structural birth defects has not yet been established, a recent study reveals that the quality of yolk sac vasculature is related inversely to embryonic malformation rates. Studies in animal models have uncovered key molecular intermediates of diabetic yolk sac vasculopathy, which include hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1, and its inhibitor thioredoxin-1, c-Jun-N-terminal kinases, nitric oxide, and nitric oxide synthase. Yolk sac vasculopathy is also associated with abnormalities in arachidonic acid and myo-inositol. Dietary supplementation with fatty acids that restore lipid levels in the yolk sac lead to a reduction in diabetes mellitus-induced malformations. Although the role of the human yolk in embryogenesis is less extensive than in rodents, nevertheless, human embryonic vasculogenesis is affected negatively by maternal diabetes mellitus. Mechanistic studies have identified potential therapeutic targets for future intervention against yolk sac vasculopathy, birth defects, and other complications associated with diabetic pregnancies. PMID:26432466

  15. Impact of Maternal Country of Birth on Type-1-Diabetes Therapy and Outcome in 27,643 Children and Adolescents from the DPV Registry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Scheuing

    Full Text Available To study the impact of maternal country of birth on type-1-diabetes (T1D therapy and outcome.27,643 T1D patients aged ≤20 years with documented maternal country of birth from the multicenter German/Austrian diabetes patient registry (DPV were analyzed. Patients were categorized based on their mother's origin: Germany/Austria (reference, Turkey, Southern Europe, and Eastern Europe. To compare BMI standard deviation score (BMI-SDS, diabetes therapy and outcome between groups, multivariable regression was applied with adjustments for age, sex and duration of diabetes. Based on observed marginal frequencies, adjusted estimates were calculated. Linear regression was used for continuous data, logistic regression for binary data and Poisson regression for count data. All statistical analyses were performed using SAS 9.4. Significance was set at a two-tailed p<0.05.83.3% of patients were offspring of native mothers. A Turkish, Southern or Eastern European background was documented in 2.4%, 1.7% and 4.3% of individuals. After demographic adjustment, patients with migration background had a higher mean BMI-SDS (Turkey, Southern Europe or Eastern Europe vs. Germany/Austria: 0.58±0.03, 0.40±0.04, or 0.37±0.02 vs. 0.31±0.01; ±SE and a lower use of insulin pumps (26.8%, 27.9%, or 32.6% vs. 37.9% compared to offspring of native mothers. Mean HbA1c was worst in individuals of Turkish mothers (Turkey vs. Germany/Austria: 69.7±0.7 vs. 66.6±0.1 mmol/mol; ±SE. Patients of Eastern European descent had an increased rate of severe hypoglycemia (22.09±0.13 vs. 16.13±0.02 events per 100 patient-years and ketoacidosis was more prevalent in offspring of Turkish or Southern European mothers (7.50±0.10, or 7.13±0.11 vs. 6.54±0.02 events per 100 patient-years. Patients of Turkish descent were more often hospitalized (57.2±2.7 vs. 48.5±0.4 per 100 patient-years. All differences were significant.The differences in diabetes therapy and outcome among patients

  16. Nanomaterial Registry

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Nanomaterial Registry compiles data from multiple databases into a single resource. The goal of this resource is to establish a curated nanomaterial registry,...

  17. The experience of black parents/caretakers with the births and care of a child with profound congenital defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.S. Mabaso

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available The reaction of Black families to the birth and care of a baby with profound congenital defects was researched using twenty case studies. It was found that the families went through stages of the grieving process, that they shifted from the Western/Christian viewpoint to the traditional viewpoint in their struggle to cope and that they find the existing services grossly inadequate.

  18. Maternal dietary intake of nitrates, nitrites and nitrosamines and selected birth defects in offspring: a case-control study

    OpenAIRE

    Huber, John C.; Brender, Jean D; Zheng, Qi; Sharkey, Joseph R; Vuong, Ann M; Shinde, Mayura U; Griesenbeck, John S; Suarez, Lucina; Langlois, Peter H.; Canfield, Mark A.; Romitti, Paul A.; Weyer, Peter J.

    2013-01-01

    Background Dietary intake of nitrates, nitrites, and nitrosamines can increase the endogenous formation of N-nitroso compounds in the stomach. Results from animal studies suggest that these compounds might be teratogenic. We examined the relationship between maternal dietary intake of nitrates, nitrites (including plant and animal sources as separate groups), and nitrosamines and several types of birth defects in offspring. Methods For this population-based case–control study, data from a 58-...

  19. Tritium releases from the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station and birth defects and infant mortality in nearby communities 1971-1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was commissioned to examine whether there were elevated rates of stillbirth, birth defects, or death in the first year of life between 1971 and 1988 among offspring of residents of communities within a 25-kilometre radius of the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station. The study was also to investigate whether there were any statistical associations between the monthly airborne or waterborne tritium emissions from the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station and the rates of these reproductive outcomes. Overall analysis did not support a hypothesis of increased rates of stillbirths, neonatal mortality or infant mortality near the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, or a hypothesis of increased birth prevalence of birth defects for 21 of 22 diagnostic categories. The prevalence of Down Syndrome was elevated in both Pickering and Ajax; however, there was no consistent pattern between tritium release levels and Down Syndrome prevalence, chance could not be ruled out for the associations between Down Syndrome and tritium releases or ground-monitored concentrations, the association was detected in an analysis where multiple testing was done which may turn up significant associations by change, and maternal residence at birth and early in pregnancy needs to be verified. The association between Down Syndrome and low-level radiation remains indeterminate when existing evidence from epidemiological studies is summed. The estimated radiation exposure from the nuclear plant for residents of Pickering and Ajax is lower by a factor of 100 than the normal natural background radiation. Further study is recommended. (21 tabs., 29 figs., 5 maps, 37 refs.)

  20. Severe birth defects in children perinatal exposed to HIV from a “real-world” setting: Infectious Diseases National Institute, Bucharest, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Tudor

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The shift in epidemic trends in recent years in Romania shows new problems in regard of HIV vertical transmission, firstly in intravenous drug user's mothers co-infected with hepatitis viruses and with social problems, and secondly the children of young mothers with an old HIV infection and long antiretroviral therapy history. Materials and Methods: We studied all HIV perinatal exposed children routinely followed up in the Paediatric Department of the National Institute of Infectious Diseases, since January 1st 2006 till December 31st 2012. The analyses consisted of describing the birth defects and association with certain risk factors: gender, mother's age at birth and exposure to antiretrovirals in the first trimester of pregnancy. Results: We analyzed 244 children born to HIV-infected mothers. The incidence of HIV infection was 16.39%. The rate of birth defects was 39.34% (96/244 cases. The most frequent findings were cardiac malformations (47/96, followed by musculoskeletal defects (24/96, neurologic defects (20/96, urogenital malformations (13/96, digestive tract defects (3/93, metabolic disorders (2/96 and genetic disorders (2/96. We found nine cases of severe congenital anomalies: complex heart defect, total congenital aganglionic megacolon, anal imperforation, Dandy-Walker syndrome, gangliosidosis, Niemann-Pick syndrome, Down syndrome, true hermaphroditism and cleft palate. Two children died during first year of life due to severe malformations. 9% of cases had associated malformations. The gender rate was in favour of males in group with birth defects (58/38 and with no birth defects (82/66. The median age at birth in mothers was 22 years, similar in both groups. The highest mean age at birth was in offspring's mothers with neurologic congenital defects 25, 15 years old, but is not statistically significant (p=0.1. In the studied period the highest number of birth defects were found in 2012, 37 children, compared with less

  1. Sirenomelia: An Epidemiologic Study in a Large Dataset From the International Clearinghouse of Birth Defects Surveillance and Research, and Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    M.Orioli, Ieda; AMAR, EMMANUELLE; Arteaga-Vasquez, Jazmin; K.Bakker, Marian; Bianca, Sebastiano; D.Botto, Lorenzo; Clementi, Maurizio; Correa, Adolfo; Csaky-Szunyigh, Melinda; Leoncini, Emanuele; Li, Zhu; S. Lopez-Camelo, Jorge; Lowry, R. Brian; Marengo, Lisa; Martinez-Fria, Maria Luisa

    2011-01-01

    Sirenomelia is a very rare limb anomaly in which the normally paired lower limbs are replaced by a single midline limb. This study describes the prevalence, associated malformations, and maternal characteristics among cases with sirenomelia. Data originated from 19 birth defect surveillance system members of the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research, and were reported according to a single pre-established protocol. Cases were clinically evaluated locally and ...

  2. The role of senescence and prosurvival signaling in controlling the oncogenic activity of FGFR2 mutants associated with cancer and birth defects

    OpenAIRE

    Ota, Sara; Zhou, Zi-Qiang; Link, Jason M; Hurlin, Peter J.

    2009-01-01

    Mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) cause human birth defect syndromes and are associated with a variety of cancers. Although forced expression of mutant activated FGFRs has been shown to oncogenically transform some immortal cell types, their activity in primary cells remains unclear. Here, we show that birth defect and cancer-associated FGFR2 mutants promote DNA-damage signaling and p53-dependent senescence in primary mouse and human cells. Senescence promoted by FGFR mu...

  3. Exposure to Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs during Pregnancy and the Risk of Selected Birth Defects: A Prospective Cohort Study

    OpenAIRE

    Gelder, M.M.H.J. van; Roeleveld, N.; H. Nordeng

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Since use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) during pregnancy is common, small increases in the risk of birth defects may have significant implications for public health. Results of human studies on the teratogenic risks of NSAIDs are inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the risk of selected birth defects after prenatal exposure to prescribed and over-the-counter NSAIDs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used data on 69,929 women enrolled in the Norwegian Mother and Child C...

  4. Birth defects in Norway by levels of external and food-based exposure to radiation from Chernobyl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lie, R.T.; Irgens, L.M.; Skjaerven, R.; Reitan, J.B.; Strand, P.; Strand, T. (Medical Birth Registry of Norway, University of Bergen (Norway))

    1992-08-15

    In Norway, external doses of radiation resulting from fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear accident were estimated from detailed measurements, including soil deposition patterns. Internal doses were estimated from measurements of radioactive cesium in meat and milk supplies. The doses were calculated as average monthly doses for each of 454 municipalities during 36 consecutive months after the accident in spring 1986. Prospectively collected data on all newborns listed in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway who were conceived in the period May 1983-April 1989 were used to assess possible dose-response relations between estimated external and food-based exposures and congenital malformations and some other conditions. A positive association was observed between total radiation dose (external plus food-based) and hydrocephaly, while a negative association was observed for Down's syndrome. However, an important conclusion of the study was that no associations were found for conditions previously reported to be associated with radiation, i.e., small head circumference, congenital cataracts, anencephaly, spina bifida, and low birth weight. Potential sources of bias, including exposure misclassification and incomplete ascertainment of cases, are discussed.

  5. Birth defects in Norway by levels of external and food-based exposure to radiation from Chernobyl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Norway, external doses of radiation resulting from fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear accident were estimated from detailed measurements, including soil deposition patterns. Internal doses were estimated from measurements of radioactive cesium in meat and milk supplies. The doses were calculated as average monthly doses for each of 454 municipalities during 36 consecutive months after the accident in spring 1986. Prospectively collected data on all newborns listed in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway who were conceived in the period May 1983-April 1989 were used to assess possible dose-response relations between estimated external and food-based exposures and congenital malformations and some other conditions. A positive association was observed between total radiation dose (external plus food-based) and hydrocephaly, while a negative association was observed for Down's syndrome. However, an important conclusion of the study was that no associations were found for conditions previously reported to be associated with radiation, i.e., small head circumference, congenital cataracts, anencephaly, spina bifida, and low birth weight. Potential sources of bias, including exposure misclassification and incomplete ascertainment of cases, are discussed

  6. The Impact of Age of Pregnancy and Birth Order on Birth Defects%怀孕年龄与胎次对出生缺陷的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆; 李骅; 米红

    2015-01-01

    Based on the 5782 cases of patients from the Attached of Obstetrical and Gynecological Hospital of Zhejiang University , the paper analyzes the impacts of pregnant age and birth order on the fetal defect rate as well as impacts of the fetal defect on the population quality at the policy of two-children for all families. It is found that the pregnant age lower than 19 and older than 35 can cause the increase of fetal defect rate , while the birth order impact the birth defect rate in different ways , the higher the birth order is , for those mothers younger than 24 , the higher rate of birth defect and for the mothers aged 25-44 there is no increase of birth defect rate for their second and third child birth but with a relatively higher birth defects for their fourth child birth. It seems that the birth defect rate of second child have no negative impacts on population quality even after the permit of second child birth for all families in future.%本研究通过抽取浙江大学医学院附属妇产科医院某病区5782个病例(736例患病),从出生缺陷的角度,通过对妇女怀孕年龄及胎次与胎儿畸形患病率的关系对开放二胎政策之后的人口质量的影响进行分析,发现孕妇年龄过低(19岁以下)与过高(35岁以上)均会导致出生缺陷率提高;而胎次的影响比较复杂,对于24岁以下的年龄段来说,胎次越高,患病率越高,而对于25-44岁的孕妇来说,除了第4胎及以上的患病率较高,第2、3胎的患病率没有明显的差别。因此,放开二胎将不会对人口质量产生显著影响。

  7. The Danish Twin Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytthe, Axel; Ohm Kyvik, Kirsten; Vilstrup Holm, Niels; Christensen, Kaare

    Introduction: The Danish Twin Registry is a unique source for studies of genetic, familial and environmental factors on life events, health conditions and diseases. Content: More than 85,000 twin pairs born 1870-2008 in Denmark. Validity and coverage: Four main ascertainment methods have been...... employed. Completeness of ascertainment varies according to birth cohorts. For birth cohorts 1870-1930 both twins should survive to age 6 years. From 1931-1968 72% of all twin pairs has been ascertained, with complete ascertainment of all live born twins since 1968. CONCLUSION: Because twins have been...... identified independent of traits and on a population basis, the Danish Twin Registry is well suited for studies to understand the influence of genetic and environmental factors for a wide variety of diseases and traits....

  8. The Danish Cerebral Palsy Registry. A registry on a specific impairment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldall, P; Michelsen, Susan Ishøy; Topp, M;

    2001-01-01

    Cerebral palsy (CP) is the commonest disabling impairment in childhood, with a prevalence of 2-3 per 1000 live births. The Danish Cerebral Palsy Registry is a research registry that contains cases of CP from birth year 1925 and has estimated the birth prevalence since 1950. Data on children with CP...... are collected from paediatric departments and one special institution for disabled children. The children are included by a child neurologist and an obstetrician, and information on pregnancy, birth, neonatal period, impairments and demographic data on the child and mother are registered in a standard...... registries in Denmark will allow the social consequences of CP to be described....

  9. Specific Association of Teratogen and Toxicant Metals in Hair of Newborns with Congenital Birth Defects or Developmentally Premature Birth in a Cohort of Couples with Documented Parental Exposure to Military Attacks: Observational Study at Al Shifa Hospital, Gaza, Palestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Manduca

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken in Gaza, Palestine, in a cohort of babies born in 2011. Hair samples of newborns were analyzed for metal load by DRC-ICP-MS. We report specific level of contamination by teratogen/toxicants metals of newborn babies, environmentally unexposed, according to their phenotypes at birth: normal full term babies, birth defects or developmentally premature. The occurrence of birth defects was previously shown to be correlated in this cohort to documented exposure of parents to weapons containing metal contaminants, during attacks in 2009. We detect, in significantly higher amounts than in normal babies, different specific teratogen or toxicant elements, known weapons’ components, characteristic for each of birth defect or premature babies. This is the first attempt to our knowledge to directly link a phenotype at birth with the in utero presence of specific teratogen and/or toxicant metals in a cohort with known episodes of acute exposure of parents to environmental contamination by these same metals, in this case delivered by weaponry The babies were conceived 20–25 months after the major known parental exposure; the specific link of newborn phenotypes to war-remnant metal contaminants, suggests that mothers’ contamination persists in time, and that the exposure may have a long term effect.

  10. Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo CM Junior

    2014-08-01

    Conclusion: Northeast region is the one that has the major incidence of SB in Brazil country, but RN state has a number lower than others states from its region. It was made an update about therapeutic options to minimize the morbidity and mortality in newborn with SB congenital defects. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2014; 2(4.000: 217-223

  11. Multivitamins, Folic Acid and Birth Defects: Knowledge, Beliefs and Behaviors of Hispanic Women in North Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    deRosset, Leslie; Mullenix, Amy; Zhang, Lei

    2009-01-01

    Background: Consumption of folic acid prior to conception can prevent up to 70% of neural tube defect (NTD)-affected pregnancies. In 1992, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) issued a recommendation that all women of childbearing age capable of becoming pregnant consume 400 [mu]g of folic acid daily to reduce their risk for a NTD-affected…

  12. 10年围产儿出生缺陷调查研究%Investigation and analysis of perinatal birth defects during 10 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管淑彩; 李敏; 刘青

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨出生缺陷的状况及其影响因素,为降低出生缺陷干预措施的制定提供依据.方法 回顾性监测分析我院2001年1月至2010年12月10年间分娩的围产儿出生缺陷状况.结果 10年监测17 365例围产儿,其中出生缺陷儿205例,平均出生缺陷发生率为11.81‰,总体出生缺陷的年度发生率间无显著性差异(χ2=4.303,P=0.890>0.05),但2006年至2010年与2001年至2005年相比,神经管畸形的构成比明显下降(17.09%vs29.55%,χ2=4.474,P=0.034 0.05 ). But compared with the period of 2001-2005, the constituent ratio of neural tube defect at the period of 2006-2010 decreased significantly ( 17.09% vs 29. 55% ,χ2 = 4. 474,P = 0.034 <0.05,OR =0. 492 ). The first 5 types of birth defect were neural tube defect, polysyndactyly, cheilopalatognathus, urinary tract defect and congenital cardiopathy in turn, and the incidence rates of them were 2. 66 , 2.49 , 1. 22 , 1. 10 and 0. 98 , respectively. The sum of incidence of the first three types occupied 52. 69% of overall birth defect rate. The age of puerperants (x = 14. 946,P =0.000 <0. 05,OR = 1.712 ) and the gender of perinatal infants (χ2 = 6.488 ,P = 0. 011 <0. 05, OR = 1.440 ) were closely related with birth defect. There were 52. 20% of birth defect diagnosed before birth, and B-ultrasound was the main method for diagnosing ( 57. 07% ). Conclusion The incidence rate of birth defect in the area needs to be cut down, especially the types of neural tube defects, polysyndactyly and cheilopalatognathus. Low-dose of folic acid has significant effect in preventing neural tube defects.

  13. 我院1996-2011年出生缺陷监测分析%Monitoring of birth defects in our hospital from 1996 to 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娟; 刘华平

    2013-01-01

      目的了解新生儿出生缺陷的相关因素,制定干预措施。方法对1996-2011年我院围产儿的出生缺陷情况进行回顾性分析。结果10025例围产儿中,出生缺陷217例,发生率21.65‰。1996-2003年的出生缺陷率明显低于2004-2011年,出生缺陷与孕母年龄、新生儿性别以及孕早期发热、服用药物、接触有毒有害物质有关。出生缺陷中先天性心脏病的发生率最高,而且明显升高。B超在产前检查中起重要作用。结论提高产前诊断水平,加强优生优育意识,降低出生缺陷的发生,提高人口素质。%Objective To investigate the birth defects-related factors in order to take countermeasures against them. Methods Data about birth defects in our hospital from 1996 to 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Of the 10 025 perinatal infants, 217 (21.65‰) had birth defects. The rate of birth defects was significantly lower in 1996-2003 than in 2004-2011. The birth defects were related with the maternal age, newborn gender, fever in the early gestational period, taking drugs and exposure to toxic or harmful substances. The incidence of congenital heart disease was the highest in perinatal infants with birth defects. B ultrasound plays an important role in prenatal examination. Conclusion The incidence of birth defects should be reduced by improving their prenatal diagnosis, strengthening the good birth and good care awareness and enhancing the population quality.

  14. Sirenomelia : An Epidemiologic Study in a Large Dataset From the International Clearinghouse of Birth Defects Surveillance and Research, and Literature Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Orioli, Ieda M.; Amar, Emmanuelle; Arteaga-Vazquez, Jazmin; Bakker, Marian K.; Bianca, Sebastiano; Botto, Lorenzo D.; Clementi, Maurizio; Correa, Adolfo; Csaky-Szunyogh, Melinda; Leoncini, Emanuele; Li, Zhu; Lopez-Camelo, Jorge S.; Lowry, R. Brian; Marengo, Lisa; Martinez-Frias, Maria-Luisa; Mastroiacovo, Pierpaolo; Morgan, Margery; Pierini, Anna; Ritvanen, Annukka; Scarano, Gioacchino; Szabova, Elena; Castilla, Eduardo E.

    2011-01-01

    Sirenomelia is a very rare limb anomaly in which the normally paired lower limbs are replaced by a single midline limb. This study describes the prevalence, associated malformations, and maternal characteristics among cases with sirenomelia. Data originated from 19 birth defect surveillance system m

  15. Exposure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs during pregnancy and the risk of selected birth defects: a prospective cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gelder, M.M.H.J. van; Roeleveld, N.; Nordeng, H.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Since use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) during pregnancy is common, small increases in the risk of birth defects may have significant implications for public health. Results of human studies on the teratogenic risks of NSAIDs are inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated

  16. Amelia : A Multi-Center Descriptive Epidemiologic Study in a Large Dataset from the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research, and Overview of the Literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bermejo-Sanchez, Eva; Cuevas, Lourdes; Amar, Emmanuelle; Bakker, Marian K.; Bianca, Sebastiano; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Canfield, Mark A.; Castilla, Eduardo E.; Clementi, Maurizio; Cocchi, Guido; Feldkamp, Marcia L.; Landau, Danielle; Leoncini, Emanuele; Li, Zhu; Lowry, R. Brian; Mastroiacovo, Pierpaolo; Mutchinick, Osvaldo M.; Rissmann, Anke; Ritvanen, Annukka; Scarano, Gioacchino; Siffel, Csaba; Szabova, Elena; Martinez-Frias, Maria-Luisa

    2011-01-01

    This study describes the epidemiology of congenital amelia (absence of limb/s), using the largest series of cases known to date. Data were gathered by 20 surveillance programs on congenital anomalies, all International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research members, from all conti

  17. Association between prenatal exposure to antiretroviral therapy and birth defects: an analysis of the French perinatal cohort study (ANRS CO1/CO11.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanne Sibiude

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART has major benefits during pregnancy, both for maternal health and to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Safety issues, including teratogenic risk, need to be evaluated. We estimated the prevalence of birth defects in children born to HIV-infected women receiving ART during pregnancy, and assessed the independent association of birth defects with each antiretroviral (ARV drug used. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The French Perinatal Cohort prospectively enrolls HIV-infected women delivering in 90 centers throughout France. Children are followed by pediatricians until 2 y of age according to national guidelines. We included 13,124 live births between 1994 and 2010, among which, 42% (n = 5,388 were exposed to ART in the first trimester of pregnancy. Birth defects were studied using both European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT and Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP classifications; associations with ART were evaluated using univariate and multivariate logistic regressions. Correction for multiple comparisons was not performed because the analyses were based on hypotheses emanating from previous findings in the literature and the robustness of the findings of the current study. The prevalence of birth defects was 4.4% (95% CI 4.0%-4.7%, according to the EUROCAT classification. In multivariate analysis adjusting for other ARV drugs, maternal age, geographical origin, intravenous drug use, and type of maternity center, a significant association was found between exposure to zidovudine in the first trimester and congenital heart defects: 2.3% (74/3,267, adjusted odds ratio (AOR = 2.2 (95% CI 1.3-3.7, p = 0.003, absolute risk difference attributed to zidovudine +1.2% (95% CI +0.5; +1.9%. Didanosine and indinavir were associated with head and neck defects, respectively: 0.5%, AOR = 3.4 (95% CI 1.1-10.4, p = 0.04; 0.9%, AOR = 3.8 (95% CI 1.1-13.8, p = 0

  18. Birth-death process of local structures in defect turbulence described by the one-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchiyama, Yusuke; Konno, Hidetoshi

    2014-04-01

    Defect turbulence described by the one-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation is investigated and analyzed via a birth-death process of the local structures composed of defects, holes, and modulated amplitude waves (MAWs). All the number statistics of each local structure, in its stationary state, are subjected to Poisson statistics. In addition, the probability density functions of interarrival times of defects, lifetimes of holes, and MAWs show the existence of long-memory and some characteristic time scales caused by zigzag motions of oscillating traveling holes. The corresponding stochastic process for these observations is fully described by a non-Markovian master equation.

  19. 出生缺陷干预及规范化模式的研究%Study on Birth Defect Intervention and Standardization Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁文强; 幸惠云

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To study and explore the intervention of birth defects on the effect of themarried couples, in order to reduce the birth rate of birth defects, improve the comprehensive quality of the birth population reference.Method: 12 000 married couples in our region from June 2011 to May 2014 were selected as the research objects, and they were given birth defect intervention on its three. The first level intervention was to prevent the birth of children with birth defects, secondary interventions was to reduce the incidence of birth defects, three intervention was to treat children of birth defects. Interventions focus was on primary intervention to prevent birth defects in children born.District,town,village three level of division of labor,cooperation, for marriedcouples of childbearing age premarital examination,free eugenics propaganda and education,pre pregnancy virus and genetic disease detection, pre pregnancy and early pregnancytaking free pregnancy B ultrasound examination,Fu Shi Fu,regular follow-up.Result:Premarital education to carry out rate,pre-marital medical examination rate,pregnancy B-examination and regular follow-up of the number of persons in 2014 were significantly higher than those of 2013,2012 and 2011(P<0.05).Early pregnancy rates of four viruses tested positive for the virus (rubella virus,herpes virus, Toxoplasma gondii, cytomegalovirus), a genetic disease before pregnancy rate (thalassemia,G6PD deficiency) in 2014 were significantly higher than those of 2013, 2012 and 2011(P<0.05).And the number of women in early pregnancy taking Forceval was significantly higher than that of 2013,2012 and 2011.The birth defect rate in 2014 was significantly lower than that in 2013,2012,2011(P<0.05), the intensity was positively correlated with the level of intervention.Conclusion:For married women of childbearing age of birth defect intervention, especially the level of intervention, to the birth of children with birth defects play a preventive role

  20. Rational Reflections about Euthanasia of Newborn with Birth Defect%对缺陷新生儿安乐死问题的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高华

    2012-01-01

    Currently, there is semi-open and hidden euthanasia of newborn with birth defects. Due to great family burden, social tolerance and the incomplete relevant legislation of birth defect, this phenomenon has existed for a long time. In order to avoid abuse, disordered and protect the interests of non-serious defects newborn, this article suggests that it should develop regulations as an important component of the birth defect intervention legislation.%分析目前我国存在着的半公开的、隐蔽的缺陷新生儿安乐死行为,因家庭负担、社会宽容态度和相关法律不完善致使该现象长期存在.当务之急是制定缺陷新生儿处置法规并将其作为整个出生缺陷干预立法的重要组成部分,以此来避免缺陷新生儿安乐死行为的滥用和无序,保障成千上万非严重缺陷新生儿的生命权益.

  1. 2008-2010年围产期出生缺陷分析%2008-2010 years perinatal birth defect analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景丽丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective: in order to know the QingShanOu incidence of birth defects, this paper discusses the related factors birth defects happen for formulating and take measures to provide the basis. Methods: according to the national birth defects monitoring scheme, at the request of (2008-2010) on October 1, 2007-October 31, 2010 QingShanOu 5 home delivery hospital inpatient delivery at full and thoughtful within 7 days after perinatal infants dead for monitoring. Results: three years were monitoring perinatal infants dead 11 850 cases, birth defects in 104 cases, de- fect rate of 8.8%, which was born in 2008 to 3.6 per 2009, defects in 10.1%~, in 2010 to 13.2 per thousand. Birth defects increasing year by year, the top five birth defects is as follows: (1) the outer ear malformation; (2) by and means; Cleft palate (3); (4) foot deformity; (5) head facial deformity. Mother from air pollution in the area close to significantly higher than the far from air pollution area, mother of low degree of culture birth defects son is obviously higher than that of the culture degree is high. The occurrence of the birth defects and gender no phase relationship. Conclusion: to widely develop health education, general knowledge level of eugenic and superior nurture, strengthen the examination before marriage, prenatal care and prenatal diagnosis work.%目的:了解青山区出生缺陷发生率,探讨出生缺陷发生的相关因素,为制定和采取预防干预措施提供依据。方法:按照全国出生缺陷监测方案的要求,对(2008-2010年)2007年10月1日-2010年10月31日青山区5家分娩医院住院分娩的孕满28周到产后7天内围产儿进行监测。结果:3年共监测围产儿11850例,出生缺陷儿104例,缺陷发生率为8.8%,其中2008年出生缺陷率为3.6%。、2009年为10.1%。、2010年为13.2%。。出生缺陷呈逐年上升趋势,前5位出生缺陷依次为:①外耳畸

  2. 武汉市出生缺陷相关因素分析%Analysis on the related factors of birth defect in Wuhan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌; 杨蓉; 刘明珠; 刘艳; 胡荣华; 杜玉开

    2011-01-01

    Objective; To understand the current situation of birth defect in Wuhan city from 2008 to 2010, explore the related effect factors of birth defect, provide a basis for further study. Methods; The data of birth defect were collected from 11 obstetrical institutions in Wuhan, 933 infants with birth defect were selected as case group, 933 lying - in women who gave birth to normal neonates from 2008 to 2010 were selected from Wuhan MCH information system as control group, the related data were obtained according to report cards of birth defect and MCH information system, then statistical analysis was performed. Results; The incidence of birth defect in Wuhan city from 2008 to 2010 was 17.77% , the incidence of birth defect in remote urban area was significantly higher than that in central urban area ( P <0.01); the incidence of birth defect among the lying - in women less than 25 years, equal to and more than 35 years were significantly higher than that among the lying - in women aged 25 ~35 years old (P <0.01) ; 11 factors, such as gravida, fetal gender, being ill during the first trimester of pregnancy, were used as independent variables for logistic regression analysis, the result showed that permanent address during pregnancy, being ill during the first trimester of pregnancy and spontaneous abortion history were included into the modeL Living in remote urban area, viral infection and hyperemesis gravidarum during the first trimester of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion history ( more than two times) increased the risk of birth defect. Conclusion; Primary prevention of birth defect should be paid more attention to, large - scale case - control study based on population should be carried out, and the epidemiological factors of birth defect should be understood, in order to a-dopt corresponding interventional measures and reduce the occurrence of birth defect.%目的:了解2008~2010年武汉市出生缺陷发生的情况,弄清对出生缺陷发生有影响的相关

  3. 426例出生缺陷儿产前超声诊断分析%Cases study on 426 birth defects monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉环

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨我院分娩的出生缺陷儿临床类型与产前超声诊断分析,为孕期早期诊断出生缺陷提供科学依据.方法 回顾性分析我院2001年至2009年共分娩28 311例,出生缺陷儿426例,发生率15‰,产前超声诊断269例,(检出率63.1%),我院采取产科超声检查三个重点时间段进行筛查(孕龄10 -14周,22-26周及32 -36周)检测胎儿发育情况.结果 孕龄14 -27周超声检查出生缺陷人工终止妊娠92例(21.59%),出生缺陷发生率前五位依次为:神经管畸形(21.8%),唇腭裂(16.9%),多指并指(趾)畸形(10.01%),胎儿水肿(9.85%),外耳畸形(4.22%),产前超声检出率分别为:95.69%,50.72%,9.30%,80.95%,0,结论 产前超声诊断除神经管畸形,胎儿水肿,唇腭裂外,其它发病率较高的畸形超声检出率较底,因此加强产前诊断人员的技术培训,提高超声诊断技术水平,是提高人口素质降低出生缺陷的重要措施.%Objective: Study the birth defects type and the prebirth monitoring result at the hospital in order to improve the diagnosis of birth defects. Methord; All toghter there are 28 311 births at the hospital, and 426 birth defects were found. The frequency is 1.5%. 426 cases were diagnosed by prebirth monitoring (63. 1%). The monitoring was done at three key points of the pregnancy. (10-14 week, 22-26 week, 32 - 36week). Results: 92 birth defects cases were found and the pregnancy terminated. The most likely occurred five birth defects are neural tube defects (21. 8% ), cheilopalatognathus (16. 9% ), polysyndactyly (10.01%), fetus edema (9.85% ), deformity of external ear (4.22% ). And the monitoring diagnosis rate are: 95.69% , 50.72% , 9.30% , 80. 95% , 0. Conclusion: the monitoring diagnosis rate of birth defects is low except neural tube defects, fetus edema and cheilopalatognathus. Therefor, improving the successful diagnosis of birth diagnosis throught technology and training is essential for population quality

  4. Monitoring analysis of birth defects from 2009 to 2010 in Guangzhou%广州市2009至2010年出生缺陷监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹兴文; 王平; 杨丽

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨广州市2009至2010年出生缺陷发生率、发生类型、转归及影响因素.方法 收集并分析广州市全部148家医院在2009至2010年期间分娩儿出生缺陷监测资料.结果 共监测352 084例围产儿,发生出生缺陷5 724例,出生缺陷发生率162.6/万,前五位缺陷类型依次是先天性心脏病、多指(趾)、总唇腭裂、马蹄内翻足和外耳其他畸形.男性围产儿的出生缺陷发生率高于女性(177.74/万 vs 144.66/万,P<0.05),早产儿的出生缺陷发生率高于足月儿(756.40/万 vs 122.19/万,P<0.05),孕母年龄越大,发生出生缺陷的风险越高(P<0.05).严重出生缺陷的治疗性引产率超过60%.结论 广州市出生缺陷发生率偏高,应重视对男婴、早产儿的先天畸形检查,加强对高龄孕妇的管理.提高产前确诊率和致死性畸形的治疗性引产率.%Objective To explore the incidence, type, outcomes and influencing factors of birth defects in Guangzhou from 2009 to 2010. Methods The data of birth defects during this period from all of 148 hospitals in Guangzhou was collected and analyzed. Results Among 352 084 perinatal infants monitored, 5724 cases were detected with birth defects with incidence of 162. 6 per ten thousand. The first five birth defects were congenital heart disease, polydactylia, total cheiloschisis/palatoschisis, congenital talipes equino varus and deformity of external ear in order. The incidence of birth defects in boys was higher than that in girls (177. 74/ten thousand vs 144. 66/ten thousand, P < 0. 05 ), and it was higher in premature infants than term infants ( 756. 40/ten thousand vs 122. 19/ten thousand, P < 0. 05 ). The older the pregnant women were, the greater the risk of birth defects was. The rate of therapeutic termination of severe birth defects was more than 60%. Conclusion The incidence of birth defects is slightly high in Guangzhou. Attention should be paid to malformation examination on male infants and

  5. The quality and use of two health registries in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Vaktskjold, Arild

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. In the late 1990s, a birth registry (KBR) was set up for theborough of Mončegorsk in the Kola Peninsula and a cancer registry forArkhangelskaja Oblast (AO), both located in north-west Russia. Thework in this thesis involved an assessment of the quality and content ofthe two registries (1,2), including an estimation of the site- and genderspecificcancer incidence in AO (2). The work also involved the use ofthe birth registry to study the effect of maternal exposure to nickel atthe ...

  6. Study on the Secondary Prevention Strategy for Birth Defects%出生缺陷二级预防策略的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋桂荣; 肖绪武; 孙瑾; 刘启贵

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate and compare the economic effectiveness of three strategies of the sec-ondary prevention for birth defects in order to provide the basis for the prevention decision on congenital disa-bilities .Methods:A decision tree model was used to make a decision analysis on the cost-effectiveness of the three strategies .Results :The birth defects detection rates of three strategies were 82 .82% ,98 .2% ,94 . 50% respectively .The cost of one birth defect detected of the third strategy was lowest .Conclusions :In-creasing an ultrasound screening for high-risk pregnant women is an economical and effective strategy to pre-vent birth defects .%目的:评价、比较出生缺陷的3种二级预防策略的经济学效果,为有效预防先天性残疾提供决策依据。方法:采用决策树模型,对3种策略的成本-效果进行比较。结果:3种策略的出生缺陷检出率分别为82.82%、98.2%、94.50%,策略3成本/效果比最低。结论:高危孕妇增加超声筛查是一种既经济又有效的预防策略。

  7. Birth defects, season of conception, and sex of children born to pesticide applicators living in the Red River Valley of Minnesota, USA.

    OpenAIRE

    Garry, Vincent F; Harkins, Mary E; Erickson, Leanna L; Long-Simpson, Leslie K; Holland, Seth E; Burroughs, Barbara L

    2002-01-01

    We previously demonstrated that the frequency of birth defects among children of residents of the Red River Valley (RRV), Minnesota, USA, was significantly higher than in other major agricultural regions of the state during the years 1989-1991, with children born to male pesticide applicators having the highest risk. The present, smaller cross-sectional study of 695 families and 1,532 children, conducted during 1997-1998, provides a more detailed examination of reproductive health outcomes in...

  8. Stroke Trials Registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News About Neurology Image Library Search The Internet Stroke Center Trials Registry Clinical Trials Interventions Conditions Sponsors ... a clinical trial near you Welcome to the Stroke Trials Registry Our registry of clinical trials in ...

  9. Clinical Case Registries (CCR)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Clinical Case Registries (CCR) replaced the former Immunology Case Registry and the Hepatitis C Case Registry with local and national databases. The CCR:HIV and...

  10. Holt Oram syndrome: a registry-based study in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barisic, Ingeborg; Boban, Ljubica; Greenlees, Ruth; Garne, Ester; Wellesley, Diana; Calzolari, Elisa; Addor, Marie-Claude; Arriola, Larraitz; Bergman, Jorieke Eh; Braz, Paula; Budd, Judith Ls; Gatt, Miriam; Haeusler, Martin; Khoshnood, Babak; Klungsoyr, Kari; McDonnell, Bob; Nelen, Vera; Pierini, Anna; Queisser-Wahrendorf, Annette; Rankin, Judith; Rissmann, Anke; Rounding, Catherine; Tucker, David; Verellen-Dumoulin, Christine; Dolk, Helen

    2014-01-01

    prenatally, 55.4% (36/65) at birth, 10.7% (7/65) in the first week of life, and 3.1% (2/65) in the first year of life. The prenatal detection rate was 39.2% (20/51), with no significant change over the study period. In 55% (11/20) of prenatally detected cases, parents decided to terminate pregnancy. Thumb...... anomalies were reported in all cases. Agenesis/hypoplasia of radius was present in 49.2% (30/61), ulnar aplasia/hypoplasia in 24.6% (15/61) and humerus hypoplasia/phocomelia in 42.6% (26/61) of patients. Congenital heart defects (CHD) were recorded in 78.7% (48/61) of patients. Isolated septal defects were...... present in 54.2 (26/48), while 25% (12/48) of patients had complex/severe CHD. The mean prevalence of HOS diagnosed prenatally or in the early years of life in European registries was 0.7 per 100,000 births or 1:135,615 births. CONCLUSIONS: HOS is a rare genetic condition showing regional variation in its...

  11. Birth Defects Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... quad screen tests the levels of 4 proteins AFP (alpha-fetoprotein), hCG, estriol, and inhibin-A. Generally, ... of the proteins for which an amniocentesis tests. AFP AFP stands for alpha-fetoprotein, a protein the ...

  12. Epidemiology of multiple congenital anomalies in Europe: A EUROCAT population-based registry study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Calzolari, Elisa; Barisic, Ingeborg; Loane, Maria; Morris, Joan; Wellesley, Diana; Dolk, Helen; Addor, Marie-Claude; Arriola, Larraitz; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Neville, Amanda J; Budd, Judith L S; Klungsoyr, Kari; Khoshnood, Babak; McDonnell, Bob; Nelen, Vera; Queisser-Luft, Annette; Rankin, Judith; Rissmann, Anke; Rounding, Catherine; Tucker, David; Verellen-Dumoulin, Christine; de Walle, Hermien; Garne, Ester

    2014-01-01

    more frequently prenatally diagnosed (p < 0.001). Live born infants with MCA were more often born preterm (p < 0.01) and with birth weight < 2500 grams (p < 0.01). Respiratory and ear, face, and neck anomalies were the most likely to occur with other anomalies (34% and 32%) and congenital heart defects......BACKGROUND: This study describes the prevalence, associated anomalies, and demographic characteristics of cases of multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) in 19 population-based European registries (EUROCAT) covering 959,446 births in 2004 and 2010. METHODS: EUROCAT implemented a computer algorithm for...... clinical approach for classification of cases has improved the quality and accuracy of the MCA data. Total prevalence of MCA cases was 15.8 per 10,000 births. Fetal deaths and termination of pregnancy were significantly more frequent in MCA cases compared with isolated cases (p < 0.001) and MCA cases were...

  13. Atenção aos defeitos congênitos no Brasil: panorama atual Birth defects and health strategies in Brazil: an overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dafne Dain Gandelman Horovitz

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available O impacto dos defeitos congênitos no Brasil vem aumentando progressivamente, tendo passado da quinta para a segunda causa dos óbitos em menores de um ano entre 1980 e 2000, apontando para a necessidade de estratégias específicas na política de saúde. Foram localizadas, no Brasil, direcionadas aos defeitos congênitos, ações governamentais e não-governamentais. Estas envolvem serviços de informação sobre agentes teratogênicos na gravidez e sobre doenças metabólicas geneticamente determinadas, monitorização de defeitos congênitos, programa de triagem neonatal e tratamento de algumas doenças genéticas, imunização contra rubéola, além da fortificação de farinhas com ácido fólico como ação preventiva de certos defeitos congênitos. Apesar da importância de tais iniciativas, é pouco provável que seja possível atender à questão dos defeitos congênitos de forma integrada. Para a efetivação de um sistema de atenção voltado aos defeitos congênitos, deverá ser formulada política específica, de âmbito nacional, com a participação ativa do Ministério da Saúde, utilizando, como espinha dorsal, os serviços de genética existentes. Só assim, será possível a estruturação de uma rede regionalizada, hierarquizada e funcional voltada à atenção aos defeitos congênitos no Brasil.Birth defects have increased progressively in Brazil, shifting from the fifth to the second cause of infant mortality from 1980 to 2000, thus highlighting the need for specific health policy strategies. Some governmental and nongovernmental actions related to birth defects in Brazil include information services on teratogenic agents and inborn errors of metabolism, monitoring of birth defects, neonatal screening and treatment of some genetic diseases, and rubella immunization. In addition, flour fortification with folic acid for prevention of certain birth defects has begun recently. Despite the importance of such initiatives, it is

  14. 2010年常州市围产儿出生缺陷及城市功能区出生缺陷状况%Birth defects of perinatal infants in Changzhou city in 2010 and birth defects in different functional areas of the city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪金剑; 周华; 蒋健

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To understand the birth defects in Changzhou city in 2010 and the birth defects in different functional areas of the city, explore the related factors of occurrence of birth defects in Changzhou city. Methods: The perinatal infants with birth defects who were bom in obstetric department of all the hospitals in Changzhou city in 2010 were collected, and the city was divided into central urban area, industrial area, and agricultural area according to the functions of the city, the birth defects of perinatal infants were compared among different functional areas. Results: There were 39 399 perinatal infants in 2010, the incidence of birth defects was 5.10‰, the incidence of birth defects and the top three birth defects were in accord with those from 2007 to 2009, the mean incidence of birth defects in Changzhou city was 5.10‰, and the incidences of birth defects in industrial area, central urban area, and agricultural area were 9.13‰, 4.60‰, and 3. 24‰, respectively, the incidence of birth defects in industrial area was significantly higher than the mean level in Changzhou city. Among the perinatal infants with birth defects, the indexes including floating population, gestational smoking or passive smoking, drinking during pregnancy, engaging in high risk works were higher than those of normal control group; the rate of medical examination before marriage and the regular examination rate during gestational period were lower than those in normal control group. Conclusion: Premarital check - up and pregestational health care should be enhanced, the management of reproductive health of the floating population should be improved, and the prenatal examination rate of birth defects should be strengthened, the measures above - mentioned can be conducted to reduce the incidence of birth defects.%目的:了解常州市2010年出生缺陷发生情况以及城市功能区出生缺陷状况,探讨常州市出生缺陷发生的相关因素.方法:收集2010

  15. 奉贤区13266例围产儿出生缺陷分析%Analysis on 13 266 perinatal infants with birth defects in Fengxian district

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾维红

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解奉贤区出生缺陷发生情况、分布特征、影响因素,为降低出生缺陷发生制定干预措施提供依据.方法:采用回顾性方法对2008年1月1日~2009年12月31日奉贤区13 266例监测围产儿进行分析.结果:①奉贤区两年间出生缺陷儿188例,出生缺陷率为14.17%;②出生缺陷前5位分别是先天性心脏病、多指(趾)、总唇裂、血管瘤和神经管畸形;③出生缺陷发生在男女性别、户籍、出生时间方面差异无统计学意义,但与孕妇年龄有关(x2=7.517,P<0.05);④出生缺陷儿死亡与非出生缺陷儿死亡差异有统计学意义(x2=1 345.85,P<0.001);⑤产前诊断及治疗性终止妊娠可降低活产婴儿的出生缺陷发生率,并使出生缺陷顺位发生改变.结论:出生缺陷发生与孕妇年龄有关,与性别、受孕时间、户籍无关;出生缺陷儿死亡是围产儿死亡的主要原因;做好三级预防是降低出生缺陷发生,降低围产儿死亡率的重要措施.%Objective: To understand the occurrence, distribution characteristics and effect factors of birth defects in Fengxian distriet, provide a basis for making intervention measures to reduce the occurrence of birth defects. Methods: A retrospective method was adopted to analyze 13 266 perinatal infants in Fengxian district from January 1,2008 to December 31,2009. Results: From 2008 to 2009,188 perinatal infants with birth defects were born in Fengxian district, the incidence of birth defects was 14. 17‰; the first five birth defects were congenital heart disease, polydaetylism, total cleft lip, hemangioma and neural tube defect; there was no significant difference in incidences of birth defects between the perinatal infants with different genders, census registers and times of birth, but the incidences of birth defects were related to maternal age (x2 = 7. 517, P < 0. 05 ); there was significant difference in perinatal mortality between the perinatal infants with birth

  16. Prevention of birth defects in the pre-conception period: knowledge and practice of health care professionals (nurses and doctors in a city of Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Romariz Ferreira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Some congenital defects can be prevented in the pregestational stage. However, many health professionals are not prepared to provide counselling to couples regarding the same. Objective: This study aimed to assess the performance of doctors and nurses from a primary health-care unit in Florianopolis, Brazil, in preventing birth defects in the preconception period based on the recommendations of the Control Center of Disease Prevention. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study was performed at a tertiary referral center. In this study, a semi-structured questionnaire was provided to 160 health professionals comprising doctors and nurses who were actively involved in providing primary health care in family health programs. The non-parametric Chi-square (χ2 test was used to analyse the data obtained through multiple choice questions. Results: Our results showed that although 81.9% of health professionals provided health-care assistance based on protocols, and only 46.2% professionals were aware of the presence of the topic in the protocol. Of the recommendations provided by the Control Center of Disease Prevention, the use of folic acid was the most prescribed. However, this prescription was not statistically different between nurses and doctors (P=0.85. Conclusion: This study identified the fragile nature in these professional’s knowledge about the prevention of birth defects in pre-conception period, as evidenced by the inconsistency in their responses.

  17. Health Care for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Certain Korea Veterans--Covered Birth Defects and Spina Bifida. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    This rule adopts as final a proposed rule of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to amend its regulations concerning the provision of health care to birth children of Vietnam veterans and veterans of covered service in Korea diagnosed with spina bifida, except for spina bifida occulta, and certain other birth defects. In the proposed rule published on May 15, 2015, VA proposed changes to more clearly define the types of health care VA provides, including day health care and health-related services, which we defined as homemaker or home health aide services that provide assistance with Activities of Daily Living or Instrumental Activities of Daily Living that have therapeutic value. We also proposed changes to the list of health care services that require preauthorization by VA. This final rule addresses comments received from the public and adopts as final the proposed rule, without change. PMID:27051894

  18. Analysis of the Monitoring Results of Birth Defect in Hospitals Between 2001 and 2010 in Changsha%长沙市2001~2010年医院出生缺陷监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖月娥; 朱琳; 周红女; 周燕飞; 李杏秀; 王卫东; 徐扬; 林蓓蓓

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the monitoring results of birth defect in hospital between 2001 and 2010 in Changsha in order to provide the basis for formulating the policy to reduce the birth defect rate of hospitals by health administrative department .[Methods] The statistical data from 13 birth defect monitoring hospitals of Changsha were analyzed .All the 13 hospital were accorded with birth defect definition and diagnostic standard in Chinese birth defect monitoring program and Chinese birth defect monitoring manual .All birth defect children were examined and registered by the trained physicians .The classification and statistical analysis were taken .[Results] In the past 10 years ,there were 173527 perinatal children born in 13 birth defect surveillance hospitals . Among them ,3856 children were birth defects .The total incidence rate was 222 .16/10000 .The incidence rate of birth defect during 10 years was increased obviously .The top 5 birth defects were congenital heart disease ,outer ear and other malformations ,cleft lip complicated with cleft palate ,multi-finger(toe) and congenital hydroceph-alus .Except the constituent ratio of congenital heart disease was increased ,the constituent ratio of 4 other birth defects had the declining trend .[Conclusion] The strategical change of the prevention mode of birth defect should be implemented so as to reduce the birth defect .%[目的]通过分析长沙市2001~2010年医院出生缺陷监测结果数据,为上级医疗行政部门制定降低医院出生缺陷率的政策提供依据。[方法]参照长沙市13所出生缺陷监测医院的统计数据。13所医院均按照《中国出生缺陷监测方案》及《中国出生缺陷监测手册》中有关出生缺陷的定义特征和诊断标准,经专职医生临床体检和相关检查确诊并分类统计。[结果]10年中13所出生缺陷监测医院总出生围生儿为173527例,出生缺陷3856例,总发生率为222.16/万,10年间出生缺

  19. Complete Repair of Coarctation of the Aorta and a Ventricular Septal Defect in a 1,480 g Low Birth Weight Neonate

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Hongkyu; Cho, Joon-Yong; Kim, Gun-Jik

    2011-01-01

    Although outcomes of neonatal cardiac surgery have dramatically improved in the last two decades, low body weight still constitutes an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. In particular, cardiac surgery in neonates with very low birth weight (≤1.5 kg) is carried out with greater risk because most organ systems are immature. We report here on a successful case of early one-stage total repair of coarctation of the aorta and a ventricular septal defect in a 1,480 gram neonate.

  20. Avaliação das declarações de nascido vivo como fonte de informação sobre defeitos congênitos Evaluation of the birth certificates as source of information on birth defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lívia Geremias

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de defeitos congênitos (DC em uma coorte de nascidos vivos (NV vinculando-se os bancos de dados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (SIM e do Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo para avaliar as declarações de nascido vivo como fonte de informação sobre DC. A população de estudo é uma coorte de NV hospitalares do 1º semestre de 2006 de mães residentes e ocorridos no Município de São Paulo no período de 01/01/2006 a 30/06/2006, obtida por meio da vinculação dos bancos de dados das declarações de nascido vivo e óbitos neonatais provenientes da coorte. RESULTADOS: Os DC mais prevalentes segundo o SINASC foram: malformações congênitas (MC e deformidades do aparelho osteomuscular (44,7%, MC do sistema nervoso (10,0% e anomalias cromossômicas (8,6%. Após a vinculação, houve uma recuperação de 80,0% de indivíduos portadores de DC do aparelho circulatório, 73,3% de DC do aparelho respiratório e 62,5% de DC do aparelho digestivo. O SINASC fez 55,2% das notificações de DC e o SIM notificou 44,8%, mostrando-se importante para a recuperação de informações de DC. Segundo o SINASC, a taxa de prevalência de DC na coorte foi de 75,4%00 NV; com os dados vinculados com o SIM, essa taxa passou para 86,2%00 NV. CONCLUSÕES: A complementação de dados obtida pela vinculação SIM/SINASC fornece um perfil mais real da prevalência de DC do que aquele registrado pelo SINASC, que identifica os DC mais visíveis, enquanto o SIM identifica os mais letais, mostrando a importância do uso conjunto das duas fontes de dados.OBJECTIVE: To obtain the prevalence of birth defects in a live birth cohort, linking the live birth information system (SINASC and the mortality information system (SIM databases. METHODS: Descriptive study to assess linked databases of hospital live births (LB and neonatal deaths of resident mothers that occurred in the city of S

  1. Epidemiologic study of neural tube defects in Los Angeles County. I. Prevalence at birth based on multiple sources of case ascertainment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sever, L.E. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA); Sanders, M.; Monsen, R.

    1982-01-01

    Epidemiologic studies of the neural tube defects (NTDs), anencephalus and spina bifida, have for the most part been based on single sources of case ascertainment in past studies. The present investigation attempts total ascertainment of NTD cases in the newborn population of Los Angeles County residents for the period 1966 to 1972. Design of the study, sources of data, and estimates of prevalence rates based on single and multiple sources of case ascertainment are here discussed. Anencephalus cases totaled 448, spina bifida 442, and encephalocele 72, giving prevalence rates of 0.52, 0.51, and 0.08 per 1000 total births, respectively, for these neural tube defects - rates considered to be low. The Los Angeles County prevalence rates are compared with those of other recent North American studies and support is provided for earlier suggestions of low rates on the West Coast.

  2. EMI Registry Design

    CERN Document Server

    Memon, S

    2011-01-01

    Grid services are the fundamental building blocks of today's Distributed Computing Infrastructures (DCI). The discovery of services in the DCI is a primary function that is a precursor to other tasks such as workload and data management. In this context, a service registry can be used to fulfil such a requirement. Existing service registries, such as the ARC Information Index or UNICORE Registry, are examples that have proven themselves in production environments. Such implementations provide a centralized service registry, however, todays DCIs, such as EGI, are based on a federation model. It is therefore necessary for the service registry to mirror such a model in order for it to seamlessly fit into the operational and management requirements - a DCI built using federated approach. This document presents an architecture for a federated service registry and a prototype based on this architecture, the EMI Registry. Special attention is given to how the federated service registry is robust to environment failu...

  3. Epidemiologic study of neural tube defects in Los Angeles County. II. Etiologic factors in an area with low prevalence at birth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sever, L.E.

    1982-01-01

    Epidemiologic characteristics of neural tube defect (NTD) births occurring in Los Angeles County, California, residents during the period 1966-1972 are presented. The prevalence at birth was 0.52/1000 births for anencephalus, 0.51/1000 for spina bifida, and 0.08/1000 for encephalocele, rates considered to be low for a predominantly white population. We hypothesized that environmental (nongenetic) factors are of less etiologic importance in a low-prevalence population than in areas or time periods with high prevalence. We tested that hypothesis by examining epidemiologic characteristics of NTDs in Los Angeles County and comparing them with high-prevalence populations. The data did not support a major etiologic role for environmental factors: (1) no significant differences between rates by month of birth or conception; (2) no significant association with maternal age or parity for anencephalus; for spina bifida a significant maternal age effect (P < 0.01) and for encephalocele a parity effect (P < 0.02); and (3) no significant relationship with father's occupational class for either anencephalus or encephalocele but a marginally significant (P < 0.05) inverse association for spina bifida when a statistic based on ordinal relationships was used. Findings supporting the importance of genetic factors in etiology included: (1) a high percentage of males; (2) a higher twin concordance rate than in high-prevalence populations; and (3) an anencephalus rate among blacks comparable with rates for blacks in other United States populations. Our findings in conjunction with those from other areas and times of low prevalence suggest environmental factors play a relatively insignificant role in the etiology of NTDs in such populations.

  4. 黄山市2006~2010年出生缺陷调查结果分析%The analysis of birth defects prevalence of Huangshan from 2006 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章世妹; 盛玮; 吉次秋; 胡红喜; 曾令芳; 冯建华; 汪丽霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidemiological features of birth defects in Huangshan in order to determine the high - risk population and areas. Methods The birth defect condition was household surveyed among perinatal infants, including dead fetus stillbirths and therapeutic abortion ), and children aged 0 to 5 with their mothers underwent in - depth personal interviews and cluster sampling retrospective study on January f, 2006 to December 3f , 20f0 in 7 prefectures( counties ) covering f Of towns and 6 streets. The confirmation of the birth defects was based on clinical diagnosis. The categories were defined with National Birth Defect Monitoring Program. Results There were 981 birth defects diagnosed in 5 years. The incidence rate of birth defects was 158. 69 per 10000 infants. The incidence in male infants was 82. 82 per 10000 infants and 63. 57 per 10000 infants in female infants. The top birth defects were congenital heart disease, total cleft lip and palate, polydactyly, congenred hydrocephaly, urogenital abnormality and neural tube defects. Conclusion The current situation of birth defects among children aged 0 to 5 in Huangshan has been evaluated, which shows an upward trend year by year. The incidence is higher in country than that in city and higher in male infants than females, but the difference between them has no statistical significance. So the key point of the birth defect prevention should be put in country areas. The hygienic knowledge of pregnant woman should be enhanced, especially in the top 6 birth defects mentioned above. Additionally, we should explore the reason of the high incidence of birth defects in order to provide basis for further birth defect prevention.%目的 了解黄山市0~5岁儿童出生缺陷的发生率、种类及顺位,确定重点预防人群和区域.方法 采用个人访谈、整群回顾性调查的方法对黄山市三区四县101个乡镇和6个街道在2006年1月1日至2010年12月31日期间出生的围生

  5. Research on the secondary intervention mode of birth defects in Chengdu%成都市出生缺陷二级干预模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柳; 冉隆蓉; 赵顺霞; 陈硕

    2011-01-01

    目的:积极建立出生缺陷二级干预网络,有效提高产前筛查率和诊断率,以降低成都市出生缺陷率.方法:自2009年起,成都市通过原有妇幼保健网络,采取依托产前诊断中心和分中心力量,发展产前筛查采血点和产前筛查机构的模式,初步建立起产前筛查网络,对辖区孕妇进行产前筛查和产前诊断.结果:通过积极发展产前筛查采血点和产前筛查机构,产前筛查工作迅速覆盖到所有区市县.与此同时,成都市政府出台出生缺陷干预规划,将产前筛奁率纳入卫生部门年度目标管理,极大地促进了产前筛查和诊断工作的开展.成都市产前筛查率从2008年的22.99%,提高到2009年的42.77%.结论:发展产前筛查采血点和产前筛查机构对建立产前筛查网络有积极作用,能迅速及持续实现筛查人群最大化,达到降低成都地区出生缺陷,提高人口素质的目的,值得推广应用.%Objective: To establish the secondary intervention network of birth defects actively, increase the prenatal screening rate and diagnosis rate effectively, in order to reduce the incidence of birth defects in Chengdu.Methods: Since 2009, based on the previous maternity and child care network, relying on prenatal diagnosis centers and sub - centers, the mode of blood collection points and institutions of prenatal screening was developed, prenatal screening network was established preliminarily, then prenatal screening and prenatal diagnosis were conducted among the pregnant women.Results: The prenatal screening work covered all the cities and counties by developing blood collection points and institutions of prenatal screening actively.At the same time, Chengdu municipal government issued birth defect intervention planning, prenatal screening rate was included into annual target management of health department, which promoted the development of prenatal screening and prenatal diagnosis works greatly.The prenatal screening

  6. 围产儿出生缺陷的相关危险因素分析%Analysis of Risk Factors of Perinatal Birth Defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨华

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the incidence of birth defects(BD)in eight hospitals of Erqi district in Zhengzhou,to explore correlation factors of BD,and to provide scientific basis for developing appropriate intervention strategies and measures for BD. Method:All new born were monitored and a 1:2 case-control study for BD was performed in 117 babies with BD in eight hospitals of Erqi district in Zhengzhou during one year. Simple and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the correlates of BD. Result:The incidence of birth defects was 183.41 per 10 000 live births. In multiple factors analysis,backward stepwise regression was used to fit the main effects of equation. The experience without progestational examination,partiality for a particular kind of food during early pregnancy, contacted chemical agent,maternal history of birth defects,unhealthy emotion,diseases history during pregnancy were risk factors of BD. Conclusion:We should propagandize health knowledge widely in the crowd to avoid risk factors of BD, and do well in health care of perinatal period to prevent and reduce the incidence of birth defects,so as to improve the quality of the population born in China.%目的:了解郑州市二七区内8家医院的出生缺陷发生率,分析其影响因素,为制定适宜的干预策略和措施提供科学依据。方法:对郑州市二七区内8家医院1年内分娩的围产儿进行监测,并对其中117例出生缺陷儿进行1:2病例对照,采用单因素、多因素logistic回归模型分析出生缺陷的影响因素。结果:出生缺陷的发生率为183.41/万。多因素logistic逐步回归分析结果显示:无孕前检查、孕早期偏食、孕期接触化学制剂、既往分娩缺陷儿史、孕期不良情绪、孕期患病史是发生出生缺陷的危险因素。结论:要普遍宣传健康知识,避免出生缺陷的危险因素,作好围产期保健工作,预防和减少出生缺陷的发生,提高我国出生人口素质。

  7. Ethical aspects of soft tissue engineering for congenital birth defects in children: what do experts in the field say?

    OpenAIRE

    Oerlemans, A.J.; Rodrigues, Catarina; Verkerk, M A; van den Berg, P. P.; Dekkers, W.J.M.

    2010-01-01

    This article is part of the EuroSTEC project, which aims at developing tissue engineering-based treatments for structural disorders present at birth. EuroSTEC is positioned at the intersection of three areas with their own ethical issues: (1) regenerative medicine, (2) research with pregnant women and fetuses, and (3) research with neonates. Because of the overlap of these three areas in this project, we can expect to be confronted with new ethical challenges. To be able to respond adequately...

  8. Neural Tube Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. They happen in the first month ... that she is pregnant. The two most common neural tube defects are spina bifida and anencephaly. In spina bifida, ...

  9. Defeitos congênitos no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: uma avaliação através do SINASC (2000-2004 Birth defects in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: an evaluation through birth certificates (2000-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Antônio Ramos Guerra

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a ocorrência de defeitos congênitos em nascidos vivos no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, com base no Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC, no período de 1º de janeiro de 2000 a 31 de dezembro de 2004. Através de um estudo seccional e descritivo, estudaram-se as variáveis relativas aos defeitos congênitos (presença e aparelho ou sistema acometido, aos serviços de saúde, às mães, às gestações, aos recém-natos e aos partos. Constatou-se uma prevalência de defeitos congênitos de 83/10 mil nascidos vivos. Os sistemas orgânicos mais afetados foram o osteomuscular, nervoso central, genital, as fendas lábio-palatinas e as anomalias cromossômicas. A maioria dos casos nasceu nas maternidades municipais e na rede privada, e maior prevalência de defeitos congênitos ocorreu no Instituto Fernandes Figueira da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Os defeitos congênitos foram mais prevalentes entre os filhos de mulheres mais velhas e menos instruídas. O percentual de casos ignorados foi alto, chegando a 21% em algumas maternidades. Uma maior divulgação das informações do SINASC sobre defeitos congênitos deveria ser estimulada. Estudos de confiabilidade são recomendados para melhor aproveitamento das informações.To evaluate the occurrence of birth defects in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, using the Live Birth Information System (SINASC, we performed a cross-sectional study on all live newborns with birth defects from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2004. The variables referred to birth defects (presence and system affected, type of health service, mothers, gestations, live births, and deliveries. Prevalence of birth defects was 83/10,000 live births. The most frequent birth defects involved the musculoskeletal system, central nervous system, cleft lip and palate, and chromosomal anomalies. The majority of cases were born in public (municipal and private maternity hospitals, with the highest prevalence

  10. 2007-2012年围产儿出生缺陷人群监测结果分析%Analysis of the monitoring results of perinatal birth defects in the crowd from 2007 to 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨淑荣; 袁燕; 陆晓莉

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the monitoring data of population birth defect,to understand its prevalence and related factors,in order to provide evidence for the intervention measures.Methods:We analyzed the birth data of 23686 perinatal borned in 2007-2012,observed the structure and demographic characteristics of perinatal with birth defects,and found out the related influencing factors.Results:The average incidence of perinatal birth defects in 2007-2012 was 84.58/million.The top five occurrence of major birth defects were total cleft lip,multi finger(toe),neural tube defects,hydrocephalus,congenital heart disease and limb shortening,and the incidence were 18.94/million,11.78/million,7.15/million,6.31/million,5.05/million respectively. Maternal age and the incidence of birth defects linked.Conclusion:Prevention and cure of birth defects is a system engineering.It requires multi sectoral participation,and takes effective measures to reduce the incidence of birth defects.%目的:通过分析出生缺陷人群监测资料,了解其发生率及相关因素,为制定干预措施提供依据。方法:对2007-2012年出生的23686例围生儿的出生资料进行分析,观察围产儿出生缺陷的构成及人口学特征,找出相关影响因素。结果:2007-2012年围产儿出生缺陷平均发生率84.58/万,其中总唇裂、多指(趾)、神经管缺陷、脑积水和先天性心脏病、肢体短缩位居发生主要出生缺陷的前5位,其发生率分别为18.94/万、11.78/万、7.15/万、6.31/万、5.05/万;产妇年龄与出生缺陷的发生有关。结论:出生缺陷的防治是一项系统工程,需要多部门共同参与、采取有效的措施才能降低出生缺陷的发生。

  11. Maternal factors, medications, and drug exposure in congenital limb reduction defects.

    OpenAIRE

    Froster, U G; Baird, P. A.

    1993-01-01

    As part of an ongoing study on all limb reduction defects occurring among 1,213,913 consecutive live births in the province of British Columbia, Canada, during 1952-1984, cases with documented maternal drug exposure and chronic maternal diseases were analyzed separately. This population-based study was made possible through the existence of an ongoing Health Surveillance Registry, which documents all infants born with congenital, genetic, or chronically handicapping conditions in the province...

  12. Who Should Be Targeted for the Prevention of Birth Defects? A Latent Class Analysis Based on a Large, Population-Based, Cross-Sectional Study in Shaanxi Province, Western China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Wenfang; Li, Danyang; Yang, Xue; Liu, Danli; Zhang, Min; Yan, Hong; Zeng, Lingxia

    2016-01-01

    Background The wide range and complex combinations of factors that cause birth defects impede the development of primary prevention strategies targeted at high-risk subpopulations. Methods Latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to identify mutually exclusive profiles of factors associated with birth defects among women between 15 and 49 years of age using data from a large, population-based, cross-sectional study conducted in Shaanxi Province, western China, between August and October, 2013. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of associated factors and the latent profiles of indicators of birth defects and congenital heart defects were computed using a logistic regression model. Results Five discrete subpopulations of participants were identified as follows: No folic acid supplementation in the periconceptional period (reference class, 21.37%); low maternal education level + unhealthy lifestyle (class 2, 39.75%); low maternal education level + unhealthy lifestyle + disease (class 3, 23.71%); unhealthy maternal lifestyle + advanced age (class 4, 4.71%); and multi-risk factor exposure (class 5, 10.45%). Compared with the reference subgroup, the other subgroups consistently had a significantly increased risk of birth defects (ORs and 95% CIs: class 2, 1.75 and 1.21–2.54; class 3, 3.13 and 2.17–4.52; class 4, 5.02 and 3.20–7.88; and class 5, 12.25 and 8.61–17.42, respectively). For congenital heart defects, the ORs and 95% CIs were all higher, and the magnitude of OR differences ranged from 1.59 to 16.15. Conclusions A comprehensive intervention strategy targeting maternal exposure to multiple risk factors is expected to show the strongest results in preventing birth defects. PMID:27183231

  13. Environmental pollution by depleted uranium in Iraq with special reference to Mosul and possible effects on cancer and birth defect rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fathi, Riyad Abdullah; Matti, Lilyan Yaqup; Al-Salih, Hana Said; Godbold, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    Iraq is suffering from depleted uranium (DU) pollution in many regions and the effects of this may harm public health through poisoning and increased incidence of various cancers and birth defects. DU is a known carcinogenic agent. About 1200 tonnes of ammunition were dropped on Iraq during the Gulf Wars of 1991 and 2003. As a result, contamination occurred in more than 350 sites in Iraq. Currently, Iraqis are facing about 140,000 cases of cancer, with 7000 to 8000 new ones registered each year. In Baghdad cancer incidences per 100,000 population have increased, just as they have also increased in Basra. The overall incidence of breast and lung cancer, Leukaemia and Lymphoma, has doubled even tripled. The situation in Mosul city is similar to other regions. Before the Gulf Wars Mosul had a higher rate of cancer, but the rate of cancer has further increased since the Gulf Wars. PMID:23729095

  14. The App-Runx1 region is critical for birth defects and electrocardiographic dysfunctions observed in a Down syndrome mouse model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthieu Raveau

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Down syndrome (DS leads to complex phenotypes and is the main genetic cause of birth defects and heart diseases. The Ts65Dn DS mouse model is trisomic for the distal part of mouse chromosome 16 and displays similar features with post-natal lethality and cardiovascular defects. In order to better understand these defects, we defined electrocardiogram (ECG with a precordial set-up, and we found conduction defects and modifications in wave shape, amplitudes, and durations in Ts65Dn mice. By using a genetic approach consisting of crossing Ts65Dn mice with Ms5Yah mice monosomic for the App-Runx1 genetic interval, we showed that the Ts65Dn viability and ECG were improved by this reduction of gene copy number. Whole-genome expression studies confirmed gene dosage effect in Ts65Dn, Ms5Yah, and Ts65Dn/Ms5Yah hearts and showed an overall perturbation of pathways connected to post-natal lethality (Coq7, Dyrk1a, F5, Gabpa, Hmgn1, Pde10a, Morc3, Slc5a3, and Vwf and heart function (Tfb1m, Adam19, Slc8a1/Ncx1, and Rcan1. In addition cardiac connexins (Cx40, Cx43 and sodium channel sub-units (Scn5a, Scn1b, Scn10a were found down-regulated in Ts65Dn atria with additional down-regulation of Cx40 in Ts65Dn ventricles and were likely contributing to conduction defects. All these data pinpoint new cardiac phenotypes in the Ts65Dn, mimicking aspects of human DS features and pathways altered in the mouse model. In addition they highlight the role of the App-Runx1 interval, including Sod1 and Tiam1, in the induction of post-natal lethality and of the cardiac conduction defects in Ts65Dn. These results might lead to new therapeutic strategies to improve the care of DS people.

  15. Related factors of birth defects%保定地区出生缺陷相关因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余瑞欣; 侯雯莅; 王建

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To 80 261 cases of perinatal analysis of 889 cases of defective children, most of unknown causes, of which 183 cases had a number of reasons, through the analysis to understand the defects caused by a common cause of children. Methods; The case study method, one by one asked about the history. Results: A number of reasons, such as high fever, contact with a number of chemical raw materials, indiscriminate use of drugs during pregnancy, social factors are all caused by defects. Conclusion; The prevention of pregnancy cold, away from toxic substances, rational drug use and change the bad ideas in order to effectively prevent the occurrence of defects in children.%目的 通过80 261例围产儿分析,缺陷儿889例,大部分不明原因,其中183例有一些明确原因,通过对这些因素分析,了解引起缺陷儿的常见原因.方法 采用个案调查方法,逐一询问病史.结果 一些原因如高烧、接触一些化工原料、孕期乱用药物、社会因素等都是引起缺陷的原因.结论 预防孕期感冒、远离有毒物质、合理用药,改变不良观念从而有效预防缺陷儿的发生.

  16. "Cutis tricolor": congenital hyper- and hypopigmented macules associated with a sporadic multisystem birth defect: an unusual example of twin spotting?

    OpenAIRE

    Happle, R; Barbi, G; Eckert, D.; Kennerknecht, I.

    1997-01-01

    An uncommon coexistence of circumscribed hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation, in close proximity to each other, is described in a 17 years old patient with various other cogenital defects, such as dysmorphic facial appearance, severe kyphoscoliosis, delayed motor development, epileptic seizures, and mental retardation. We suggest the combination of hyper- and hypopigmented cutaneous lesions is an example of allelic twin spotting. Because the skin of this patient showed three different degr...

  17. The Virtual Observatory Registry

    CERN Document Server

    Demleitner, Markus; Sidaner, Pierre Le; Plante, Raymond L

    2014-01-01

    In the Virtual Observatory (VO), the Registry provides the mechanism with which users and applications discover and select resources -- typically, data and services -- that are relevant for a particular scientific problem. Even though the VO adopted technologies in particular from the bibliographic community where available, building the Registry system involved a major standardisation effort, involving about a dozen interdependent standard texts. This paper discusses the server-side aspects of the standards and their application, as regards the functional components (registries), the resource records in both format and content, the exchange of resource records between registries (harvesting), as well as the creation and management of the identifiers used in the system based on the notion of authorities. Registry record authors, registry operators or even advanced users thus receive a big picture serving as a guideline through the body of relevant standard texts. To complete this picture, we also mention comm...

  18. Perinatal surveillance of birth defects in Zhengzhou City%河南省郑州市各级医院出生缺陷儿监测情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁亚楠; 赵悦淑; 张展; 胡孟彩; 姚梅玲

    2013-01-01

    目的:动态分析郑州市各级医院出生缺陷发生情况,为出生缺陷预防提供决策依据.方法:对2011年7月~2012年6月郑州市各级医院正常分娩婴儿及治疗性引产的围产儿进行出生缺陷监测.结果:共监测围产儿138 376例,死亡1 408例,死亡率为10.18%.;出生缺陷儿1 315例,出生缺陷率为953.4‰;1 408例死亡围产儿中缺陷儿488例,占34.66%;≥35岁孕妇分娩围产儿出生缺陷率1 260.6%.;缺陷儿产前诊断率为45.40%,产前诊断的出生缺陷疾病前3位分别是先天性心脏病、总唇裂和先天性脑积水,出生后诊断的出生缺陷疾病前3位分别是多指(趾)、外耳畸形和总唇裂.结论:出生缺陷是围产儿死亡的主要原因,重视优生知识宣传,加强产前筛查,提高产前诊断技术是降低出生缺陷儿出生的关键.%Objective; To investigate the status of birth defects in Zhengzhou City, and to provide a evidence base for the countermeasures. Methods: Birth defects were monitored in the childbirths of normal deliveries and those of therapeutic induction of labor in the hospitals of Zhengzhou City, from July 2011 to June 2012. Results; The perinatal mortality was 10. 18% (1,408/138,376) , of which 34. 66% (488/1,408) were the deaths with birth defect( s). The incidence of birth defect( s) was 9.53/10,000 (1,315/128,376). The incidence of birth defect(s) in the children of the mothers over 35 years old was the highest (126.06/10,000). The prenatal diagnosis rate of birth defect(s) was45.40%. The top three birth defects prena-tally diagnosed were congenital heart disease, total cleft lip and congenital hydrocephalus, while the top three birth defects postnatally diagnosed were multi -finger (toe) , outer ear deformity and total cleft lip. Conclusion; Birth defects have become one of the major causes of perinatal deaths. Perinatal education and prenatal screening should be strengthened. The improved prenatal diagnostic techniques

  19. Facility Registry Service (FRS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Facility Registry Service (FRS) provides an integrated source of comprehensive (air, water, and waste) environmental information about facilities across EPA,...

  20. Analysis of birth defect in Zhongshan city from 2008 to 2010%中山地区2008年-2010年出生缺陷监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莹; 万波; 李莉敏; 胡朝霞; 彭学鸣; 曾冠

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解中山市出生缺陷的发生及分布情况,及时发现影响出生缺陷的可疑因素,协助指导制定相应的干预措施,做好今后出生缺陷监控工作提供科学依据.方法 对2008年-2010年中山市各医院分娩的孕满28周~产后7天内出生的所有围产儿(包括活产、死胎、死产)进行出生缺陷监测,并对其发生率、顺位及诊断依据进行分析.结果 三年内中山市出生缺陷发生率为260.05/万,排位前五位分别是先天性心脏病、多指(趾)、马蹄内翻足、地中海贫血、总唇腭裂.中山市户籍人口和农村、流动人口的顺位和发生率有明显差异.结论 加强流动人口孕产妇的孕期保健管理,普及孕期产前筛查意识,提高出生缺陷产前筛查和产前诊断的准确性,早期发现,早期诊断,早期干预,预防性用药等可减少出生缺陷的发生%Objective: To understand the prevalence of birth defects in Zhongshan, to detect the suspicious factors of influencing birth defects, to divide to provide scientific basis for making countermeasures to prevent and control birth defects. Method; Connecting the all perinatal birth defects data, including fetal deaths, stillbirths, live births, which detected during the second pregnancy over 28 weeks to postnatal day 7, analyzing the incidence rate, the sequence and the basis diagnosis on of birth defects. Results: The incidence of birth defect is 260. 05 per ten thousand in recent three years. The first five birth defect were: congenital heart disease, combined or excessive fingers or toes ( polydactyly) , clubfoot, a- Mediterranean-anaemia, cleft lip and palate. The sequence and the incidence rate of birth defect were significant difference, between Registered population and floating population. Registered population and population in rural areas. Conclusion; In order to depress perinatal birth defect rate, we should pay more attention in not only to the work of education of the

  1. Early differential defects of insulin secretion and action in 19-year-old caucasian men who had low birth weight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christine B; Storgaard, Heidi; Dela, Flemming;

    2002-01-01

    oxidation, exogenous glucose storage, and nonoxidative glucose metabolism were similar in the two groups. Insulin secretion was reduced by 30% in the LBW group, when expressed relative to insulin sensitivity (disposition index = insulin secretion x insulin action). We propose that reduced insulin......Several studies have linked low birth weight (LBW) and type 2 diabetes. We investigated hepatic and peripheral insulin action including intracellular glucose metabolism in 40 19-year-old men (20 LBW, 20 matched control subjects), using the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp technique at two...... physiological insulin levels (10 and 40 mU/m(2) per min), indirect calorimetry, and [3-(3)H]glucose. Insulin secretion was examined during an oral and intravenous glucose tolerance test. Fasting p-glucose was higher in the LBW group (5.6 +/- 0.1 vs. 5.4 +/- 0.1; P < 0.05). Basal plasma glycerol concentrations...

  2. Assessing the Risk of Birth Defects Associated with Exposure to Fixed-Dose Combined Antituberculous Agents during Pregnancy in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Awodele

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the risks of disease progression and transmission to the newborn, treatment of tuberculosis is often pursued during pregnancy and fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents have been found to be beneficial. Unfortunately, there is paucity of data on the safety of the fixed-dose combined antituberculous drugs during pregnancy. This study intends to assess the teratogenic effect of fixed-dose combined antituberculous drugs on the organogenesis stage of fetal development and also investigate the possible roles of vitamin C in modulating the teratogenic effects of these agents on the fetus using animal model. Pregnant rats were divided into 3 groups with 12 animals per group: group 1 received distilled water (10 mL/kg orally; group 2 received 51.4 mg/kg/day of fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents orally; group 3 received 51.4 mg/kg/day of fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents plus vitamin C (10 mg/kg/day orally. Six rats in each group were randomly selected and sacrificed on day 20 by cervical dislocation prior to day 21 of gestation, and the foetuses were harvested through abdominal incision for physical examination. Blood samples were collected from the 1st filial rats of the remaining six animals for biochemical and hematological examination. The liver, kidney, heart, and brain of all the sacrificed animals were used for histopathological examination. There were significant (≤0.05 low birth weights of the foetuses of the animals that were treated with fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents. The haematological parameters also revealed a reduction in the platelets counts and neutrophiles at the first filial generation. Significant (≤0.05 elevations in the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST and alkaline phosphatase (ALP in the foetuses of the animals treated with fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents were also observed. However, the combination of vitamin C with fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents

  3. Assessing the risk of birth defects associated with exposure to fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents during pregnancy in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awodele, O; Patrick, E B; Oluwatoyin Agbaje, Esther; Oremosu, A A; Gbotolorun, S C

    2012-01-01

    Due to the risks of disease progression and transmission to the newborn, treatment of tuberculosis is often pursued during pregnancy and fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents have been found to be beneficial. Unfortunately, there is paucity of data on the safety of the fixed-dose combined antituberculous drugs during pregnancy. This study intends to assess the teratogenic effect of fixed-dose combined antituberculous drugs on the organogenesis stage of fetal development and also investigate the possible roles of vitamin C in modulating the teratogenic effects of these agents on the fetus using animal model. Pregnant rats were divided into 3 groups with 12 animals per group: group 1 received distilled water (10 mL/kg) orally; group 2 received 51.4 mg/kg/day of fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents orally; group 3 received 51.4 mg/kg/day of fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents plus vitamin C (10 mg/kg/day) orally. Six rats in each group were randomly selected and sacrificed on day 20 by cervical dislocation prior to day 21 of gestation, and the foetuses were harvested through abdominal incision for physical examination. Blood samples were collected from the 1st filial rats of the remaining six animals for biochemical and hematological examination. The liver, kidney, heart, and brain of all the sacrificed animals were used for histopathological examination. There were significant (P ≤ 0.05) low birth weights of the foetuses of the animals that were treated with fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents. The haematological parameters also revealed a reduction in the platelets counts and neutrophiles at the first filial generation. Significant (P ≤ 0.05) elevations in the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in the foetuses of the animals treated with fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents were also observed. However, the combination of vitamin C with fixed-dose combined antituberculous agents significantly

  4. Ethical aspects of soft tissue engineering for congenital birth defects in children--what do experts in the field say?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oerlemans, Anke J M; Rodrigues, Catarina H C M L; Verkerk, Marian A; van den Berg, Paul P; Dekkers, Wim J M

    2010-08-01

    This article is part of the EuroSTEC project, which aims at developing tissue engineering-based treatments for structural disorders present at birth. EuroSTEC is positioned at the intersection of three areas with their own ethical issues: (1) regenerative medicine, (2) research with pregnant women and fetuses, and (3) research with neonates. Because of the overlap of these three areas in this project, we can expect to be confronted with new ethical challenges. To be able to respond adequately and timely to current and possible future ethical issues, a prospective and anticipatory ethical analysis is essential. To obtain a first survey of ethical issues that might arise during the different phases of the project, the Delphi method was used. The professionals directly involved in the EuroSTEC project were questioned about their views on possible ethical issues. The first round yielded 27 ethical issues, which the respondents were asked to prioritize in the second round. For the fundamental research phase, issues deemed most important were privacy and informed consent of the tissue donor. For the animal experimentation phase, three issues were mentioned (in order of decreasing priority): the suffering of animals, the use of animals as means to an end, and the limited adequacy of the animal models. Issues that were deemed most important during the clinical (trial) phase pertained to the problem of weighing risks and benefits for the fetus/child and the pregnant woman. PMID:20163208

  5. 早产对脑性瘫痪儿童乳牙釉质发育的影响%The developmental enamel defects in the primary dentition of cerebral palsied children with premature birth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林小波; 张笋; 吴卫红; 吴志文

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究早产因素对脑瘫儿童乳牙釉质发育缺陷的影响.方法 选择135名脑瘫患儿,与62名正常儿童对比,进行乳牙釉质发育缺陷状况的统计调查.同时比较脑瘫儿童中早产与乳牙釉质发育缺陷发生的关系.结果 脑瘫儿童组中早产儿童乳牙釉质发育缺陷的患病率明显高于足月组,有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论 早产的脑瘫儿童更容易发生乳牙釉质发育缺陷.%Objective To investigate the developmental enamel defects in the primary dentition of cerebral palsied children with premature birth. Methods One hundred and thirty-five children with cerebral palsy were examined for the clinical manifestation of the developmental enamel defects in the primary dentition. The relationship between the defects and cerebral palsied children's birth conditions were assessed. Results The prevalence of enamel defects in cerebral palsied children born premarurely was significantly higher than that in those with full term birth. Conclusion Enamel defects in the primary dentition are more likely to happen in cerebral palsied children with premature birth than those with full term birth.

  6. What are cancer registries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miladinov-Mikov Marica

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Population-based cancer registries attempt to collect, process, analyze, store and interpret data on persons with cancer in a certain population (most frequently a geographical area. Hospital-based cancer registries register all cases in a given hospital, usually without knowledge of the background population; the emphasis is to serve the needs of the hospital administration, the hospital cancer program, and, above all, the individual patient. History of Cancer Registries Registration of persons suffering from cancer is a slow process. Around the year 1900, England and Germany demanded improvement of statistical investigation on spread of cancer in population in order to undertake etiological researches. The oldest example of a modern cancer registry is that in Hamburg. Today there are more than 200 population-based cancer registries, but they cover only 5% of the world population, mainly in developed countries of the world. Cancer registry of Vojvodina Cancer registry of Vojvodina was established in 1966; it is a member of International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC and it is still the only cancer registry from our country whose data are cited in scientific monographs of IARC. The main purpose of cancer registries is to produce statistics on the occurrence of cancer in a defined populatin and to provide a framework for assessing and controlling the impact of cancer on the community. Cancer registries are essential parts of any rational program of cancer control. Their data can be used in a wide variety of areas of cancer control, ranging from etiological research in epidemiology, through primary and secondary prevention to health-care planning and patient care, so benefiting both the individual and society.

  7. 0~1岁婴儿出生缺陷的流行病学调查%Epidemiological survey on 0-1 years old baby with birth defect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪少义; 何洁壁; 陈少娜; 吴翔; 蔡幸生; 黄伟鹏; 王榕生; 洪艳苹; 倪少英; 卢晓航

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the incidence of birth defect in 0-1 years old baby in some regions of Jieyang, then to determine the focus groups for prevention. So that it can provide a foundation for birth defect prevention, pre-pregnancy and pregnancy care. Methods Those babies, who were born in Jiedong County, Puning City and Rongcheng District from March 3, 2011 to May 2, 2012 were surveyed by general investigation. Birth defect based on clinical diagnosis, its entity and statistical standard referred to the regulations of International Centre on Birth Defects and Prematurity. Results 238 cases of birth defect babies were found out of 10 773 cases of monitored new babies. The top five diseases of baby birth defects were congenital heart disease, talipes equinovarus, polydactyly, cleft lip and palate and fetal-edematous-syndrome. Some babies had higher incidence of birth defects, such as baby boy, low birth weight baby, and those babies whose mother did not take folic acid, vitamin and trace elements during pregnancy and whose family members smoking and excessive drinking (P < 0.05). Conclusion The incidence rate of birth defects in 0-1 years old baby is 220.92 per ten thousand in some regions of Jieyang City. It is slightly higher than the national average, so it needs attention from each side. Strengthening propaganda and education, screening and preventing birth defects are matters of great urgency.%目的 了解揭阳部分地区0~1岁婴儿出生缺陷的发病情况,确定预防的重点人群,为出生缺陷的预防和孕前、孕期保健提供依据.方法 采用普查的方式,对揭东县、普宁市、榕城区三地2011年3月3日~2012年5月2日出生的婴儿进行调查.出生缺陷以临床诊断为依据,病种及统计标准参照国际出生缺陷监测情报交换所的规定.结果 共监测10 773名婴儿,发现出生缺陷238例;婴儿出生缺陷排名前5位的疾病分别是先天性心脏病、马蹄内翻足、多指(趾)、唇(腭)裂

  8. Relationship of Birth Defects with Electromagnetic Radiation and Food Chain%出生缺陷与电磁辐射和食物链关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏花莉; 夏红卫; 韦红卫; 黄卫民; 孔琳; 黄琳

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨出生缺陷与电磁辐射和食物链的关系。方法选择195例出生缺陷患儿母亲作为研究组,195例健康儿母亲为对照组,对两组孕期居住环境及使用手机、电脑、电磁炉、微波炉频率和饮食习惯等进行调查,并检测分娩时母血雌激素、孕酮、睾酮水平。结果研究组居住靠近变压器、电视塔、通讯转播塔比例高于对照组(P均<0.05),孕期食用人工饲料喂养的家禽、牲畜、鱼等的频率高于对照组(P均<0.05);研究组孕期使用手机、电脑、电磁炉、微波炉、观看电视的频率高于对照组( P均<0.05)。结论电磁辐射和食用人工饲料喂养的家禽、牲畜、鱼类等肉食对出生缺陷可能有影响。%Objective To investigate the relationship of birth defects with electromagnetic radiation and food chain.Methods One hundred and ninety-five mothers who had infants with birth defects were selected as study group ,and 195 mothers who had healthy infants were selected as control group .An investigation was conducted on the aspects of living environment ,the frequency of using mobile phone ,computer ,electromagnetic oven or microwave oven , and diet habit during pregnant period .The levels of estrogen ,gestagen and testosterone in maternal blood were detected after delivery .Results The mothers in the study group living near the electric transformer ,TV tower or communication transmission tower were more than those in the control group (all P<0.05),the frequencies of mothers′eating artificial feeding fowl,livestock or fish during pregnant period of study group were higher those of control group (all P<0.05). The frequencies of mothers′using mobile phone ,computer ,electromagnetic oven ,microwave oven or watching TV during pregnant period of study group were higher than those of control group (all P<0.05).Conclusion Electromagnetic radiation and eating artificial feeding fowl ,livestock and

  9. 孝感市2007~2011年围产儿出生缺陷流行病学调查%Study on perinatal birth defects from 2007 to 2011 in Xiaogan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱越; 陆敏; 杨树杰; 刘景丽; 付汉东; 彭红华; 李君; 罗红英; 余小艳

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To master the epidemiology of birth defect in Xiaogan City,analysis the dynamic trends and try to find out the main factors that may affect birth defects so as to develop effective preventive measures to improve the quality of newborn births.METHODS All the perinatal birth defects monitoring data of year 2007-2011 that in all the midwifery unit of Xiaogan were collected by child birth defects registration card and analyzed retrospectively.RESULTS Five-year birth defects incidence was 4.26‰ and the rates among the 5 years had no statistic difference (P> 0.05).The common birth defects in the top five were multi-finger polydactyly (0.61‰),external ear malformation (0.47‰),cleft lip with cleft palate (0.45‰),cleft lip (0.39‰) and congenital heart disease (0.32‰).Prenatal diagnosis rate was 21.08%,of which B-ultrasound diagnosis was 14.46%.Age of the maternal was a factor to birth defects that when the mother was older than 35 or younger than 20 the incidence of birth defects was obviously higher than other age group.Male birth defects rate were higher than females.The defects rate in countries was higher than that in towns.There was a positive relationship between the maternal education level or lower household income and rate of perinatal birth defects.CONCLUSION The main birth defects in Xiaogan of the last five years are the surface defects and the high risk factor of the birth defects are mother age,education level,economic level and place of residence.The rural areas are the focus to make prevention.So we should strengthen promotion of marriage and pregnancy health and improve prenatal diagnostic techniques so as to reduce the incidence of birth defects effectively.%目的 掌握孝感市围产儿出生缺陷的流行病学特征,分析主要出生缺陷的高危因素,制定有效的预防措施,提高出生人口的素质.方法 采用《出生缺陷儿登记卡》收集孝感市所有助产技术单位2007~2011年围产儿出生

  10. The etiology of congenital cardiovascular malformations: observations on genetic risks with implications for further birth defects research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferencz, C

    1985-01-01

    The previously reported hypothesis of an etiologic association of heart and blood abnormalities was further investigated in a population based study of congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCVM). Three presumed genetic risk factors (CCVM in parents and siblings, heritable blood disorders and maternal mitral valve prolapse) were found to occur significantly more often in cases than in normal controls, irrespective of the presence in the proband of chromosomal or Mendelian lesions. This suggests a specific etiologic origin of the CCVM; the excess of maternal risk components raises the possibility of X-linked inheritance. Observed constellations of heart, blood, and connective tissue disorders within members of a nuclear family may indicate variability of phenotypic expression of a similar biosynthetic defect. A schematic model of abnormal cardiogenesis is presented which supports the above observations with the results of biochemical studies on endothelium, platelets and collagen disorders. It is suggested that teratogenesis results from subtle interactions of genetic sequelae with extrinsic metabolic and xenobiotic effects. This conclusion harmonizes with those derived from experimental animal studies. PMID:2937867

  11. 肇庆市2001-2010年围产儿出生缺陷监测资料分析%Data analysis of perinatal and infants with birth defects from 2001 to 2010 in Zhaoqing county

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志玮; 刘楚芹; 梁云

    2012-01-01

    Objective To find out the incidence of birth defects and its variation in four hospitals of Zhaoqing, and to investigate the risk factors that causing birth defects, in order to provide references for formulating intervention measures. Methods According to the requirements of "Monitoring planning of birth defects in hospitals of Guangdong province", four hospitals in Zhaoqing were chosen for this investigation, and statistical analysis methods were used to analyze the birth defects data from 2001 to 2010 in Zhaoqing. Results 63 476 perinatal and infants were observed from 2001 to 2010, and 1 043 infants were found to have birth defects, and the incidence was 162.9 per ten thousand. There was an upward trend in general, and the incidence in 2010 was significantly higher than that in 2001 (χ2=21.635,P<0.001). The top three types of birth defects were congenital heart disease, fetal edema syndrome, and polydactyly malformation. Incidence of birth defect was associated with the sex, maternal age, and fetus number. Conclusion Birth defects have a great impact on the quality of the population, and the third class preventive measure should be continually strengthened to reduce the birth defects.%目的 了解肇庆市4家监测医院出生缺陷儿的发生率及其变化情况,研究出生缺陷发生的相关因素,为制定出生缺陷干预措施提供依据.方法 按照《广东省出生缺陷医院监测方案》的要求,以市内4家医院作为监测医院,对肇庆市2001-2010年的出生缺陷监测资料进行回顾性分析.结果 2001-2010年共监测围产儿63476名,其中出生缺陷儿1 034名,发生率为162.90/万,总体呈上升趋势,2010年的发生率比2001年高,差异有统计学意义(x2=21.635,P<0.001).前3位出生缺陷类型依次为先天性心脏病、胎儿水肿综合征、多指(趾)畸形.出生缺陷发生率与围产儿性别、孕母年龄、胎数有关.结论 出生缺陷严重影响出生人口的素质,应继续加强三

  12. 不同户籍类型出生缺陷监测分析与干预措施的研究%The analysis and interventions research for different census types of birth defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马健; 朱丹玲; 何慧芳; 张清; 王莉平

    2011-01-01

    Objective; To know different types of prenatal incidence of birth defects in children and their tendency, and to realize outcome of children with birth defects, common types of birth defects and changes in Futian District, Shenzhen, which would provide the basis for developing interventions. Metheds: Birth defects and prenatal child death observation data from 2003 to 2007 were analyzed in retrospectively. Results; The incidence of birth defects is on an upward trend (x2 = 23. 52, P = 0. 001) , for the most part, incidence of birth defects came from the floating population (x2 = 23. 70, P = 0. 001). The average birth defect rate in the 7 years was 21. 74 ‰, the residence rate was 20. 80 ‰, temporary rate was 20. 50 ‰, floating population rate was 23. 38 ‰, residence and temporary residents of birth defects rate was significantly lower than the floating population, the difference was significant (x2 = 11.91, P= 0.003). Residence, temporary, and floating population, compose the birth defect death rate of 2. 95‰, 3. 74‰, 6.42‰; the difference was significant (x2 = 69. 35, P<0. 001). The top six of birth defects is; congenital heart disease, multiple fingers (toes) , total cleft lip and palate, ear deformities, clubfoot, and hypospadias. These account for 59. 07% of the birth defects. Conclusion; The floating population in maternal health care system for the management of pregnant women in Shenzhen City, which is a bottleneck problem; the proposed solution for maternal and child health services is to make it equal, by establishing "to introduction the free prenatal care and postpartum visits project in Futian District, Shenzhen" , to improve the creating card rate of early pregnancy women in floating population and the rate of system management, in order to promote detection of birth defects, particularly to improve the pregnancy early and mid - term detection rate of birth defects and diagnosis rates. To reduce birth defects and prenatal child

  13. Qualidade da notificação de anomalias congênitas pelo Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC: estudo comparativo nos anos 2004 e 2007 Quality of birth defect reporting in the Brazilian Information System on Live Births (SINASC: a comparative study of 2004 and 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Varela Luquetti

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo comparou a validade dos diagnósticos de anomalias congênitas do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC, em oito hospitais distribuídos em sete municípios do Brasil, totalizando 27.945 nascidos vivos em 2004 e 25.905 em 2007. Além disso, descreveu ações específicas realizadas para o aprimoramento da qualidade dos dados desse campo. Para a análise da validade, foi utilizado o Estudo Colaborativo Latino-Americano de Malformações Congênitas (ECLAMC como padrão-ouro. Em 2004, pelo menos 40% dos casos de anomalias congênitas eram subnotificados, situação que não foi modificada em 2007. Observou-se aumento significativo na sensibilidade somente em um hospital, de 56,9% para 96,8%. Em dois hospitais, houve diminuição significativa na sensibilidade, de 62,7% para 41,7% e de 66,5% para 32,2%. Os valores preditivos positivo e negativo e especificidade permaneceram acima de 80%. Apenas duas secretarias municipais de saúde e quatro hospitais fizeram algum tipo de ação específica para a melhoria do campo 34. Os resultados apontam para a necessidade de se investir na qualidade da informação sobre anomalias congênitas no SINASC.This study compared the validity of birth defect cases reported in the Brazilian Information System on Live Births in 2004 and 2007 in seven municipalities, out of a total of 27,945 live births in 2004 and 25,905 in 2007. The study also describes quality improvement measures in this area. The Latin American Collaborative Study on Congenital Malformations was used as the gold standard for analyzing the validity of birth defect diagnoses. In 2004, at least 40% of birth defects went unreported, and this situation persisted in 2007. Only one hospital showed a significant increase in reporting sensitivity, from 56.9% to 96.8%. Sensitivity decreased significantly in two hospitals (from 62.7% to 41.75% and from 66.5% to 32.2%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values and

  14. Mortalidad por defectos al nacimiento en menores de 5 años de edad en México de 1998 a 2006 Birth defects mortality in five-year-old minors of age, Mexico, 1998-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Valdés-Hernández

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Analizar la mortalidad por defectos al nacimiento (DAN entre 1998 y 2006. Seleccionar los municipios con alta mortalidad en OBJECTIVE: To analyze mortality due to birth defects from 1998-2006. To select municipalities with high mortality among children under 5 years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The source of information was mortality records from vital statistics collected by SSA/INEGI. We used the 2005 Municipal Geostatistical Framework by INEGI and SIGEPI for the spatial analysis. The selection criteria were municipalities with 80% and over of deaths due to birth defects. RESULTS: Deaths diminished 8% during 1998-2006 and rates decreased 20%. A total of 42.57% - 48% of deaths are due to circulatory system defects and 13.69% - 19.39% are due to the nervous system; the former rose 4% and the latter fell 32%. Eighty percent or more occur in children under 5 years and the rate in this group fell 8.63%. A total of 1 025 (41.82% municipalities are priorities, 104 (10.14% are high and 102 (9.95% are very high priorities, where 66% of deaths occur among children under 5 years old. DISCUSSION: The interventions to decrease mortality due to birth defects should be directed towards one-year-old children (75% and towards 8.4% of the municipalities that are a very high priority, since they represent 66% of the deaths.

  15. A STUDY ON PREVAL E NCE OF BIRTH DEFECTS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH RISK FACTORS IN FAKHRUDHIN ALI AH MED MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Congenital anomalies or Birth Defects are a global problem. It is the most common cause of disability in developed and developing countries. This study aims to evaluate the overall prevalence of clinically detectable congenital anomalies in newborns along with the different forms of congenital anomalies and associated risk factors if any over a period of one year. MATERIALS AND METHOD S: I t’s an observational analytical cross sectional type of study. Seven thousand seven hundred and ninety eight babies born during the period from 1 st Nov, 2013 to 31 st Oct, 2014 were analyzed. Details of cases were recorded after parent’s interviews, clinical, radiological and laboratory evaluations. RESULTS: In our study, we have found that out of the total no. of 7798 babies born during the said period, the total number of congenital anomalies found were 53 0.7%. Cleft lip and palate was the most common anomaly followed by clubfoot. System wise, congenital anomaly of the musculoskeletal system was the highest (45.3%. A male preponderance is seen with M:F = 4:3. Maximum number of anomalies was found in the 20 - 25 y rs of age group. Moreover, anomalies were found more in primi gravida. Various risk factors were associated in 9 numbers of cases out of 53. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of congenital anomaly was found to be 0.7% and therefore awareness about preventable risk f actors should be created and early prenatal diagnosis and management of anomalies is recommended.

  16. Relating Factors and Effects of Intervention on Birth Defects in Zhuhai City%珠海市围产儿出生缺陷危险因素及干预措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕; 金正平; 戚小兵; 赵静; 胡翀; 张红忠; 曾淑萍; 李文典; 梁雄; 谭晓燕; 黄辉文

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To find out the status of birth defects and the relating factors in Zhuhai city, to valuate the effect of the measures of integrated intervention and to provide evidence for intervention measures and decisions-making. Methods Data was collected from the Zhuhai birth defects surveillance system from 2007 to 2010. And a case-control study was carried out on congenital malformations to evaluate the risk factor and the effect of the measures of integrative intervention. Results The incidence of birth defects reduced after the integrative intervention, top birth defects ranking changed, the incidence of NTD reduced. The main risk factors of congenital malformations were the history of abortion, times of abortion, exposure to chemical substances before or during pregnancy, the history of birth defect, the father's smoking history, maternal malnutrition during pregnancy, and maternal bad feelings during pregnancy. Conclusions Some risk factors were identified as having important effect on preinstall congenital malformations. Taking serial integrative intervention measures and strengthening three-level prevention will be beneficial to the reduction of birth defects.%目的 调查珠海市围产儿出生缺陷的发生情况,了解围产儿出生缺陷发生的危险因素,为围产儿出生缺陷的预防和干预提供依据.方法 收集珠海市2006~2010年出生缺陷资料,对先天畸形儿的双亲进行了病例对照研究,调查其危险因素,并对其综合干预措施的效果进行对比评估.结果 干预后,珠海市出生缺陷发生率下降,出生缺陷顺位及构成发生变化,神经管畸形发生率降低.出生缺陷的主要影响因素有:流产史及流产次数、孕期接触化学制剂、生产畸胎史、父亲吸烟史、母亲孕期营养不良、母亲孕期情绪不良.结论 影响出生缺陷的相关危险因素较多,降低出生缺陷发生率,应建立多种形式的综合措施,做好三级预防工作.

  17. Data Element Registry Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Data Element Registry Services (DERS) is a resource for information about value lists (aka code sets / pick lists), data dictionaries, data elements, and EPA data...

  18. FCC Master PSAP Registry

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — In December 2003, the FCC began collecting data to build a registry of public safety answering points (PSAPs). A primary PSAP is defined as a PSAP to which 9-1-1...

  19. Second generation registry framework

    OpenAIRE

    Bellgard, Matthew I.; Render, Lee; Radochonski, Maciej; Hunter, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Background Information management systems are essential to capture data be it for public health and human disease, sustainable agriculture, or plant and animal biosecurity. In public health, the term patient registry is often used to describe information management systems that are used to record and track phenotypic data of patients. Appropriate design, implementation and deployment of patient registries enables rapid decision making and ongoing data mining ultimately leading to improved pat...

  20. Trauma registry reengineered.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wargo, Christina; Bolig, Nicole; Hixson, Heather; McWilliams, Nate; Rummerfield, Heather; Stratton, Elaine; Woodruff, Tracy

    2014-01-01

    A successful trauma registry balances accuracy of abstraction and timeliness of case submissions to achieve quality performance. Staffing to achieve quality performance is a challenge at times based on competitive institutional need. The aim of this performance improvement timing study was to identify trauma registry job responsibilities and redesign the responsibilities to create increased abstraction time and maintain accuracy of data abstraction. The outcome is measured by case submission rates with existing staffing and interrater reliability outcomes. PMID:25397337

  1. 佛山市2007~2009年围产儿出生缺陷监测分析%Analysis on surveillance of birth defects among perinatal infants of Foshan city from 2007 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾德勤; 王星; 伍捷阳; 吴雪丽

    2011-01-01

    目的了解佛山市2007~2009年围产儿出生缺陷发生状况和变化趋势,分析影响其出生缺陷发生的危险因素.方法 对2007~2009年在广东省佛山市妇幼保健院接受产前检查和(或)住院分娩的孕期满28周至产后7 d内的围产儿18 073例进行出生缺陷及相关因素的监测.结果 (1)3年来围产儿出生缺陷率为608.09/万,呈逐年上升的趋势.(2)出生缺陷前5位依次为先天性心脏病、葡萄糖-6-磷酸脱氢酶缺陷症、外耳其他畸形、多指(趾)、α-地中海贫血.上述几种缺陷的发生率均明显高于全国平均水平.(3)出生缺陷发生的性别差异明显,男性高于女性.(4)孕母大于或等于30岁是出生缺陷的高发年龄段,尤其是大于或等于35岁组出生缺陷发生率明显高于其他各年龄组.(5)出生缺陷围产儿死亡率为141.04‰.结论 出生缺陷发生率逐年上升,应积极开展婚前医学检查,提高产前诊断水平,及时进行新生儿疾病筛查,提高人口素质.%Objective To understand the incidence of the birth defects and variation tendency from 2007 to 2009 in foshan,and to analyse the risk factor which influence the incidence of birth defects. Methods The birth defects and its relevant factor of 18 073 perinatal neonates(dated from 2007 to 2009)were monitored. Results (1)In recent 3 years the average detection rate of birth defects was 608.09/10 000,which showed an increasing tendency year by year. (2)Top five birth defects were congenital heart disease, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, deformity of external ear, polydactyly fingers, α-thalassemia. (3) The incidence of these defects were significantly higher than the nationwide average. (4)The occurrence of birth defects was higher in male than that in female according to the sex distribution. (5)Pregnant female over 30 years old was higher outbreak age group, especially more than 35 years. (5)The mortality of birth defects was 141.04‰. Conclusion

  2. Novel features of 3q29 deletion syndrome: Results from the 3q29 registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glassford, Megan R; Rosenfeld, Jill A; Freedman, Alexa A; Zwick, Michael E; Mulle, Jennifer G

    2016-04-01

    3q29 deletion syndrome is caused by a recurrent, typically de novo heterozygous 1.6 Mb deletion, but because incidence of the deletion is rare (1 in 30,000 births) the phenotype is not well described. To characterize the range of phenotypic manifestations associated with 3q29 deletion syndrome, we have developed an online registry (3q29deletion.org) for ascertainment of study subjects and phenotypic data collection via Internet-based survey instruments. We report here on data collected during the first 18 months of registry operation, from 44 patients. This is the largest cohort of 3q29 deletion carriers ever assembled and surveyed in a systematic way. Our data reveal that 28% of registry participants report neuropsychiatric phenotypes, including anxiety disorder, panic attacks, depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. Other novel findings include a high prevalence (64%) of feeding problems in infancy and reduced weight at birth for 3q29 deletion carriers (average reduction 13.9 oz (394 g), adjusted for gestational age and sex, P = 6.5e-07). We further report on the frequency of heart defects, autism, recurrent ear infections, gastrointestinal phenotypes, and dental phenotypes, among others. We also report on the expected timing of delayed developmental milestones. This is the most comprehensive description of the 3q29 deletion phenotype to date. These results are clinically actionable toward improving patient care for 3q29 deletion carriers, and can guide the expectations of physicians and parents. These data also demonstrate the value of patient-reported outcomes to reveal the full phenotypic spectrum of rare genomic disorders. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26738761

  3. 宁波市2010年度出生缺陷危险因素调查及干预效果评价%Risk Factors of Birth Defects and Evaluation of Effect of Intervention Measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹鸣飞; 孙跃宏; 屈煜; 钱莹莹; 蒋燕萍; 舒立波

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the birth defect monitoring of residents of Ningbo in 2010 and to analyze the birth defects incidence, risk factors, intervention measures and its effect in order to seek effective measures to reduce the incidence of birth defects. Methods 693 birth defects cases who were 28 weeks after pregnancy to 1 week after delivery from all levels hospital in Ningbo were selected as observation group, and 585 subjects without birth defects were selected as control group. Risk factors of birth defects and intervention measures were compared between the two groups. Results There were 211 cases having risk factors in birth defect group, accounting for 30. 45% . There were 142 cases having risk factors in control group, accounting for 24. 27%. Exposing rate of risk factors like chemical risk factors and physical risk factors showed statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P 0. 05 ) . While participation of premarital physical examination, TORCH testing, intake of folic acid three months before pregnancy and three months after the pregnancy showed statistically significant difference ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion A-voidance of chemical or physical risk factors, participation of premarital physical examination, TORCH testing and intake of folic acid three months before pregnancy and three months after the pregnancy can effectively reduce the incidence of birth defects.%目的 调查宁波市2010年度出生缺陷监测实况,分析宁波市出生缺陷发生情况、危险因素与干预措施及其效果,寻求降低出生缺陷发生率的有效措施.方法 随机抽取2010年度宁波市在各级各类医疗保健机构内住院分娩的妊娠满28周至产后1周的出生缺陷围生儿693例为观察组,同期随机抽取无出生缺陷围生儿585例为对照组,对两组进行致出生缺陷危险因素及干预措施比较分析.结果 出生缺陷组有危险因素的围生儿211例,占30.45%;对照

  4. The relationship between folate metabolism Related Gene and Birth Defects, Poor Pregnancy%叶酸代谢基因与出生缺陷和不良妊娠的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英华; 陈瑛

    2012-01-01

    More and more study shown that folate had important role in the birth defects such as congenital heart disease and neural tube defects, adverse pregnancy such as premature birth and abortion. However, promotion " folic acid fortification" will artificially lead to future population dependent on a large number of vitamin, lead to the overall gene composition changed, the crowd will become very fragile to a fatal disease, folate level in whose is lower than that in normal persons. Maternal folate deficiency may result in general impairment of fetal growth, which is reflected in low birth weight. Such women also have a high incidence of abortion, ab-ruptio placentae and fetal malformation. Folate supplemented in pregnant women with the appropriate dose can reduce the risk of diseases such as birth defects and adverse pregnancy. In this article, we discussed the relationship between polymorphisms of enzyme genes involving folate metabolism and risk of birth defects such as congenital heart disease and neural tube defects, adverse pregnancy such as premature birth and abortion.%叶酸在先天性心脏病、神经管畸形等出生缺陷和早产、流产等不良妊娠中的作用越来越受到关注.然而,研究表明推广“叶酸强化”将人为地导致未来的人口对于大量的维生素产生依赖性,导致人口整体的基因组发生变化,这种人群对于某种致命的疾病将变得十分脆弱,患者体内的叶酸水平低于正常个体,产妇叶酸缺乏会因产生低出生体重的胎儿而损害胎儿的生长,另外还有流产、胎儿畸形和胎盘早剥等高发病率的风险.孕妇在妊娠前和妊娠期补充适量的叶酸可降低出生缺陷、不良妊娠等疾病的发生概率.因此,本研究就近几年国内外关于叶酸代谢相关酶基因多态性和先天性心脏病、神经管畸形等出生缺陷和早产、流产等不良妊娠关系进行简要综述.

  5. Analysis of birth defects supervision in obstetrical hospitals in Beijing Haidian District%北京市海淀区产科医院出生缺陷监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟赋真; 张雪峰; 周钰

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the incidence of birth defects in hospitals in Haidian District during recent years so as to provide management clue for supervision in the future. Methods From October 1 of 2006 to September 30 of 2010, fetus and newborns between 13 gestational weeks and 7d after delivery were supervised for birth defects in hospitals of Haidian district, and the supervision results were analyzed in terms of rate and cis position. Results There were 3 776 defected cases including 2 861 cases in perinatal period ( the incidence rate of birth defects in perinatal period was 17. 98‰ ) and 906 cases induced to abortion in second trimester. In floating population the incidence rate of birth defects showed a rising trend in perinatal period during these years( x2 =52. 250, P = 0. 000 ). The first five highest rates of birth defects were congenital heart disease, deformity of external ear, multi finger ( toe ), merged finger ( toe ) and hypospadias in order. The trend of neural tube defects rate was stable and the incidence of cleft lip dropped obviously. But the incidence of Trisomy 21 rose gradually, and there was no significant difference (x2 =6. 906, P =0. 075 ). Conclusion The incidence rate of birth defects is 17. 98‰ in hospitals of Haidian district, and the trend of birth defects rate is rising during 2006-2010 year especially in floating population. The primary prevention of folic acid supplement should be strengthened.%目的 了解近年来北京市海淀区医院出生缺陷的发生情况,为今后监测工作的管理重点提供依据.方法 对2006年10月1日至2010年9月30日期间北京市海淀区产科医院孕13周~产后7天的胎儿及新生儿进行出生缺陷监测,并对监测结果进行率及顺位等分析.结果 ①监测到出生缺陷儿3 776例,其中围产期2 861例(围产期出生缺陷儿发生率为17.98‰),中孕引产906例;②2006至2010年,外地户籍围产期出生缺陷发生率呈逐年上升的趋势(χ2

  6. Changing trend in congenital abdominal wall defects in Eastern region of Ireland.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McDonnell, R

    2002-09-01

    In the past six years, there have been reports from abroad of an unexplained rise in the birth prevalence rate of the congenital abdominal wall defect gastroschisis, while rates for the macroscopically similar anomaly omphalocoele have remained stable. The Dublin EUROCAT Registry of congenital anomalies monitors trends in the birth prevalence of birth defects in the eastern region of Ireland. We analysed births of children with omphalocoele and gastroschisis born in the period 1981-2000, with comparisons of a number of demographic and obstetric variables. During the 20 year period the birth prevalence rate for omphalocoele remained stable at 2.5\\/10,000 births, whereas the rate for gastroschisis increased significantly during the 1990s from 1.0\\/10,000 in 1991 to 4.9\\/10,000 in 2000. Most of the increase occurred among mothers under 25 years of age. Omphalocoele was associated with a relatively high proportion of other major congenital anomalies. This study showed that there has been an unexpected rise in the birth prevalence of gastroschisis in the region, similar to that experienced in other countries in the same time period and likely to have common aetiological features.

  7. How Suitable Are Registry Data for Recurrence Risk Calculations?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellesøe, Sabrina Gade; Jensen, Anders Boeck; Ängquist, Lars Henrik;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) occurs in approximately 1% of all live births, and 3% to 8% of these have until now been considered familial cases, defined as the occurrence of two or more affected individuals in a family. The validity of CHD diagnoses in Danish administrative registry...

  8. 昌吉州2005至2010年486例出生缺陷分析%Analysis of birth defects of 486 cases in 2005-2010 in Changji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈筱萍; 李冬梅; 马彦华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence of birth defects and related factors in Changji so as to provide some basis for working out preventive measures for birth defects. Methods A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 486 cases of birth defects collected from each hospital in Changji from 2005 to 2010. Results The incidence of birth defects increased year by year from 2005 to 2010, and it increased in 2010 ( 10. 67‰ ) by 5. 61% compared with that in 2005 ( 5. 06 ‰). The incidence of birth defects when pregnant women were over 35 years and over 40 years was 8. 28% ‰ and 10. 67‰ respectively. The sequence of birth defects was neural tube defects, cleft lip and palate, polydactyly, congenital hydrocephalus, congenital heart disease and talipes equinovarus in order. Conclusion The advanced ages and rural areas are the focus of prevention work. Strengthening propaganda on prenatal and postnatal care, enhancing system management during pregnancy, taking low-dose folic acid tablets before pregnancy and at early pregnancy and improving prenatal diagnostic technique are the effective measures to reduce the incidence of birth defects.%目的 了解昌吉州出生缺陷发生情况及相关因素,为制订预防出生缺陷的措施提供依据.方法 收集昌吉州辖区内各家医院2005至2010年间出生的486例缺陷儿的资料,进行回顾性分析.结果 2005至2010年出生缺陷发生率呈逐年上升趋势,2005年(5.06‰)与2010年(10.67‰)相比上升了5.61‰;年龄大于35、40岁以上妊娠者缺陷发生率分别为8.28‰、10.67‰;出生缺陷的顺位依次为神经管畸形、唇腭裂、多指趾、先天性脑积水、先心病、马蹄内翻.结论 高龄孕妇、农村地区是出生缺陷工作预防的重点,加强优生优育宣传,加强孕期系统管理,在孕前、孕早期服用小剂量叶酸片,提高产前诊断技术,是降低出生缺陷发生率的有效措施.

  9. 2010-2014年勐腊县出生缺陷发生现状及结果分析%The status of birth defects and result analysis in mengla county from 2010 to 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙兰英; 依彦光; 胡亚君

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查2010-2014年勐腊县出生缺陷的发生情况,探讨出生缺陷发生的相关因素,提出干预措施。方法:监测勐腊县6家医院住院分娩情况。孕28周至产后7 d内围产儿逐一筛查,并填写出生缺陷儿登记卡。结果:11442例围产儿中,出生缺陷38例(3.32‰)。出生缺陷死亡16例(421.05‰),其中农村4.67‰,城市1.59‰(χ2=1.92,P<0.05)。出生缺陷前5位是多、并指(趾),先心病,α-地中海贫血,唐氏综合症,神经管畸形。结论:勐腊县是少数民族居住地区,经济、文化、医疗技术落后,为此应加强健康教育、婚前检查、孕前保健、产前检查和产前诊断,降低出生缺陷,提高人口素质。%Objective:To investigate the occurrence of birth defects in mengla county from 2010 to 2014,to explore the factors related to the incidence of birth defects,and to propose interventions.Methods:Labor conditions were monitored in 6 hospitals of mengla county.We made detailed screening for perinatal fetus from 28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after postpartum,and filled in birth defects registration card.Results:In 11 442 cases of perinatal fetus,38 cases(3.32‰) had birth defects,16 cases died because of birth defects(421.05‰ ),the rural was 4.67‰ ,the city was 1.59‰ ( χ 2=1.92, P<0.05).The top 5 birth defects were more finger(toe) or syndactyly,congenital heart disease,alpha thalassemia,Down's syndrome,neural tube defects.Conclusion:Mengla county was the region of ethnic minorities living,the economic,cultural,medical technology were backward,therefore,we should strengthen the health education,premarital examination,prenatal care,prenatal care and prenatal diagnosis,in order to reduce birth defects and improve the quality of the population.

  10. The Qingdao Twin Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duan, Haiping; Ning, Feng; Zhang, Dongfeng; Wang, Shaojie; Zhang, Dong; Tan, Qihua; Tian, Xiaocao; Pang, Zengchang

    2013-01-01

    In 1998, the Qingdao Twin Registry was initiated as the main part of the Chinese National Twin Registry. By 2005, a total of 10,655 twin pairs had been recruited. Since then new twin cohorts have been sampled, with one longitudinal cohort of adolescent twins selected to explore determinants of...... metabolic disorders and health behaviors during puberty and young adulthood. Adult twins have been sampled for studying heritability of multiple phenotypes associated with metabolic disorders. In addition, an elderly twin cohort has been recruited with a focus on genetic studies of aging-related phenotypes...... using twin modeling and genome-wide association analysis. Cross-cultural collaborative studies have been carried out between China, Denmark, Finland, and US cohorts. Ongoing data collection and analysis for the Qingdao Twin Registry will be discussed in this article....

  11. Reducing Risks of Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... number of cases, the infection can cause intellectual disability, hearing loss, and vision problems. CMV can be spread ... woman becomes infected during pregnancy. It can cause hearing loss, intellectual disability, and vision problems in infected infants. Diabetes Mellitus: ...

  12. Birth Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birth control, also known as contraception, is designed to prevent pregnancy. Birth control methods may work in a number of different ... eggs that could be fertilized. Types include birth control pills, patches, shots, vaginal rings, and emergency contraceptive ...

  13. 已婚育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识、态度和行为的调查%Survey of knowledge, attitudes and practice of preventing birth defects in married reproduction women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪己东; 翁彦云; 徐沛金; 戴黎玫; 武英

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on preventing birth defects in community in terms of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) for married women in reproductive age. Method A self-designed general information form and a questionnaire on KAP of married women′s preventing birth defects were used to investigate the KAP among 300 married nulliparous women. Result The average rate of cognitive knowledge of birth defects was 60.8%, the average rate of cognitive behaviors was 59.2%, and the average rate of cognitive attitude was 67.4%. Conclusion In order to reduce the rate of birth defects and improve the quality of births, we should implement three-level prevention education system, enrich the health education methods to enhance the knowledge, attitude and behavior of married women.%目的:了解已婚育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识、态度和行为情况,为制订相关的护理对策提供依据。方法采用自行设计的一般资料调查表和预防出生缺陷知识、态度和行为调查表对300名已婚育龄妇女进行调查。结果已婚育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识平均认知率为60.8%,行为平均认知率为59.2%,态度平均认知率为67.4%。结论实施三级预防,采取多种形式的健康教育方法以提高已婚育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识、态度和行为水平,从而降低出生缺陷率,提高出生人口的素质。

  14. Analysis of perinatal birth defects monitoring results in Gansu province from 2001 to 2008%甘肃省2001年~2008年围产儿出生缺陷监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁秀琴; 郭瑛泉; 张玲; 廖丽萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the trend of birth defects incidence, species and changes in Gansu province, in order to provide evidence for preventive measure.Methods: According to Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Program and Maternal and child health surveillance program in Gansu Province, to monitor perinatal birth in 43 hospitals in Gansu province from 2001 to 2008.Results:( 1 ) In 8 years, the birth defects average incidence is 11.043 per thousand, its trend began go up in 2004, but there is no statistical difference between every years.(2) And the birth defects average incidence no statistical difference between boys and girls ( P >0.05 ); The pregnant motheres age distribution characterized with "two side high and middle low", the lowest incidence (5.9 -9.7 per thousand ) is at 25 - 29 years age group, higher in country than in city ( P < 0.05 ).( 3 ) In 8 years, most common birth defects were neural tube defects, congenital hydrocephalus, cleftlip, talipes equinovarus, limb shorten, polydactyly and congenital heart disease.Neural tube defects and congenital hydrocephalus were always in first there birth defects in Gansu province.Conclusion: Neural tube defects, congenital hydrocephalus, cleftlip are high incidence in all birth defects, which are result of genetic or environmental factors, or interaction of both.Prevention is preior to therapy.Aiming at high detection rate of birth defects, to establish effective administrative intervention and medical care meature.%目的 探讨甘肃省出生缺陷的发生率、种类及变化趋势,为预防措施的制定提供依据.方法 按<中国出生缺陷监测方案>及<甘肃省妇幼卫生监测方案>,对甘肃省2001年~2008年间在43家监测医院住院分娩的围产儿进行监测.结果 (1)8年间的出生缺陷发生率平均为110.43/万,2004年起有明显上升趋势,各年份间出生缺陷发生率无显著的统计学差异.(2)胎儿性别间出生缺陷发生率

  15. Gestational Age, Birth Weight, Intrauterine Growth and Risk for Epilepsy

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Yuelian; Vestergaard, Mogens; Carsten B Pedersen; Christensen, Jakob; Basso, Olga; Olsen, Jørn

    2007-01-01

    The authors evaluated the association between gestational age, birth weight, intrauterine growth and epilepsy in a population-based cohort of 1.4 million singletons born in Denmark (1979-2002). A total of 14,334 individuals were registered with epilepsy in the Danish National Hospital Register as inpatients (1979-2002) and outpatients (1995-2002). Information on gestational age and birth weight was obtained from Danish Medical Birth Registry. Children small at birth were identified through tw...

  16. 宜昌市城区2008~2010年医院出生缺陷补漏调查%Investigation on the mend Leakage on the birth defects in Yichang between 2008 and 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周小葵

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand the omissions and quality of report card on the birth defects in Yichang city between 2008 and 2010. METHODS We investigated the omissions and quality of report card on the birth defects in midwifery agency of Yichang city on the basis of the National monitoring project of health of mothers and children. RESULTS The leakage rate was 7.49%, and the mistaking rate was 1.26% in the tables and cards. The two rates decreased year by year. CONCLUSION The fundamental guarantee of improving the quality of monitoring in the birth defects was the strengthening of management and supervision , and the raising responsibility of medical staff.%目的 了解宜昌市城区2008~2010年医院出生缺陷漏报及报告卡质量情况.方法 根据《全国妇幼卫生监测方案》对出生缺陷监测质量的要求,对城区各助产机构出生缺陷漏报及报告卡质量情况进行调查.结果 2008~2010年宜昌市城区医院出生缺陷漏报率平均达7.49%;表、卡填写差错率平均达1.26%.漏报率和差错率都有逐年下降趋势.结论 加强管理,坚持督导,提高医务人员责任心,是提高出生缺陷监测质量的根本保证.

  17. 南京市六合区2007-2011年出生缺陷监测结果分析%Analysis on the monitoring results of birth defect in Luhe district in 2007-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈寿花

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解本地区围产儿出生缺陷的发生情况,及时发现影响出生缺陷的可疑因素,为制定干预措施提供依据。方法按照国家出生缺陷监测方案的要求,对2006年10月1日~2011年9月30日在六合区有产科的医院出生的、孕满28周至产后7天内的32562例围产儿进行监测。结果出生缺陷儿171例,出生缺陷儿发生率为5.25‰;出生缺陷的发生与环境因素、孕母年龄、出生性别等有关。结论进行优生优育宣传指导,为孕妇创造优良的生育环境及合理的均衡饮食,提高产前诊断技术,适时终止妊娠,可有效降低出生缺陷发生率。%Objective :in this study, we monitored and analyzed the perinatal birth defect in Luhe district, Nanjing in order to promptly establish proper measures to control this disease.Methods: According to the national birth defect monitoring protocol, 32562 perinatal samples during 28 weeks after pregnancy and 7 days after born were monitored. The term was from October 1, 2006 to September 30, 2011. The data were colected from al the hospitals or centers in Luhe district.Results: the monitoring results showed that 171 cases were diagnosed birth defect. The ratio was 5.25‰. It related to multi-influence factors including environment, maternal’s age on perinatal outcomes and baby gender etc.Conclusions:The perinatal birth defect could be controled efficiently by several ways, such as folowing the pregnant quality guideline, providing good environments to pregnant women, and improving the pre-pregnant diagnosis in terminal pregnancy.

  18. Analysis on Related Factors of Newborn Birth-defects in 36 Hospitalized Childbirth%36例住院分娩围生儿出生缺陷的相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧丽莉

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解盐城地区住院分娩围生儿出生缺陷状况,探索引起出生缺陷的相关因素方法对2010年10月—2014年5月盐城市第一人民医院住院分娩的4347新生儿进行监测,标准为孕满28周~产后7d的围生儿结果检出出生缺陷儿36例,出生缺陷发生率为8.28‰,在不同新生儿性别、产母职业之间差异无统计学意义。但产妇年龄35-39、40岁及以上年龄组(13.33‰,45.46‰),多胎多产(GnPn,n≥3,为51.55‰)及经产者(17.96‰),发生率显著升高(P28 gestational weeks within the 7 days perineonata period were monitored in hospital of 180 of Quanzhou.Results: There were 36 out of 4347 newborns with various types of birth-defect and the birth-defect rate was 8.28‰. There was no statistically signiifcant difference in the occurrence of birth-defect from the neonatal genders and occupationsof pregnant women. But the rates were signiifcantly higher when the pregnant women were 35-39 and 40 years old,multi-pregnancies and multi-labors(51.55‰)and multiparas(17.96‰),and there was statistical signiifcant difference(P<0.05,P<0.01).Conclusions: Birth-defects are related to the maternal age,numbers of pregnancies and labors,but not related to the sex of neonates and occupations of pregnant women.

  19. Study on 204 birth defects of the prenatal in the city of Taiyuan from 1997 to 2008%1997年-2008年太原地区204例出生缺陷回顾性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫惠娜; 张月莲; 郑梅玲

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解1997年-2008年间太原市出生缺陷发生情况,为进一步制定干预措施提供依据.方法 将1997年-2008年12年中在我院妇产科终止妊娠的出生缺陷忠儿按年限分为1997年-2002年(前六年)组和2003年-2008年(后六年),并对其种类、发生率及城乡分布进行回顾性分析.结果 (1) 12年中神经管畸形的发生率为56.11/万,居于首位,占全部出生缺陷的32.35%,虽然后六年的神经管畸形的发生率低于前6年,但无统计学差异(x2=3.70,P>0.05).(2)后6年中28W前B超诊断率(1.12%)比前六年(0.41%)显著提高(x2=7.49,P<0.05).(3)前6年中城市与农村出生缺陷发生率分别为133.94/万、545.45/万,后6年城市与农村出生缺陷发生率分别为129.64/万、436.50/万,(x2=42.27,P<0.05; x2 =44.47,P<0.05)农村的平均发生率为城市的3.7倍,明显高于城市.结论 神经管畸形的发生在我省仍较为突出,只有加强对神经管畸形的预防,加强优生优育知识的宣传,改善农村生活环境,提高产前诊断率水平,才有可能有效性地降低出生缺陷的发生.%Objective: In order to formulate for further interventions, investigated the types, time of making a definite diagnosis, incidence of prenatal death defects in the city of Taiyuan, from 1997 to 2008. Methods; made two different groups, the first group form the year of 1997 to 2002 and the second group form the year of 2003 to 2008. Results: (1) The most of birth defects were Neural Tube defects and the percentage was 32. 35. (2) Morbidity by B ultrasound before 28w compare to after 28w were different between 1997 - 2002 and 2003 - 2008. (x2 = 7.49, P < 0.05 ) , the later six years' diagnostic rate of type - B ultrasonic before 28w was higher than the one of former six years. (3) Incidence of death defects were relate to the gravidas's place of residence, the gravidas' s birth defect rate form countries was higher than who form the cities whatever the first group or

  20. Maternal alcohol drinking pattern during pregnancy and the risk for an offspring with an isolated congenital heart defect and in particular a ventricular septal defect or an atrial septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine; Skov-Ettrup, Lise Skrubbeltrang; Grønbaek, Morten; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Olsen, Jørn; Tolstrup, Janne Schurmann

    2011-01-01

    alcohol. Few (if any) women with an excessive/abusive intake of alcohol were enrolled into the Danish National Birth Cohort. RESULTS: Through linkage with the National Hospital Discharge Registry, we identified 477 infants with a diagnosis of isolated congenital heart defect registered at any time during...... their first 3½-years of life; they included 198 infants with a VSD and 145 with an ASD. Neither the number of episodes of binge drinking nor binge drinking during three different developmental periods was associated with VSD or ASD. Women drinking ½-1½, 2, and 3+ drinks of alcohol per week had adjusted......BACKGROUND: This cohort study examines the possible association between maternal alcohol intake, including binge drinking, during pregnancy, and the subsequent risk of having a child with an isolated congenital heart defect and, more specifically, with the isolated form of ventricular septal defect...

  1. The Vermont oxford neonatal encephalopathy registry: rationale, methods, and initial results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pfister Robert H

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2006, the Vermont Oxford Network (VON established the Neonatal Encephalopathy Registry (NER to characterize infants born with neonatal encephalopathy, describe evaluations and medical treatments, monitor hypothermic therapy (HT dissemination, define clinical research questions, and identify opportunities for improved care. Methods Eligible infants were ≥ 36 weeks with seizures, altered consciousness (stupor, coma during the first 72 hours of life, a 5 minute Apgar score of ≤ 3, or receiving HT. Infants with central nervous system birth defects were excluded. Results From 2006–2010, 95 centers registered 4232 infants. Of those, 59% suffered a seizure, 50% had a 5 minute Apgar score of ≤ 3, 38% received HT, and 18% had stupor/coma documented on neurologic exam. Some infants experienced more than one eligibility criterion. Only 53% had a cord gas obtained and only 63% had a blood gas obtained within 24 hours of birth, important components for determining HT eligibility. Sixty-four percent received ventilator support, 65% received anticonvulsants, 66% had a head MRI, 23% had a cranial CT, 67% had a full channel encephalogram (EEG and 33% amplitude integrated EEG. Of all infants, 87% survived. Conclusions The VON NER describes the heterogeneous population of infants with NE, the subset that received HT, their patterns of care, and outcomes. The optimal routine care of infants with neonatal encephalopathy is unknown. The registry method is well suited to identify opportunities for improvement in the care of infants affected by NE and study interventions such as HT as they are implemented in clinical practice.

  2. Pivmecillinam and adverse birth and neonatal outcomes: a population-based cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinther Skriver, Mette; Nørgaard, Mette; Pedersen, Lars; Carl Schønheyder, Henrik; Sørensen, Henrik Toft

    2004-01-01

    A previous study unexpectedly showed an increased, statistically imprecise, risk of low Apgar score in children of women redeeming prescriptions for pivmecillinam in late pregnancy. To improve statistical precision we extended the previous dataset with data for 5 more y, and in addition added more neonatal outcomes. We thus examined the risk of adverse birth and neonatal outcomes among pregnant users of pivmecillinam based on population-based registries in North Jutland County, Denmark. We included 63,659 women with a live birth, or stillbirth after the 28th week of gestation. 2031 had redeemed prescriptions for pivmecillinam any time during pregnancy, 559 in the first trimester and 371 within 28 d before delivery. Adjusted odds ratios were: birth defects 0.83 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.53-1.32) for exposure during first trimester, preterm delivery 0.96 (95% CI 0.79-1.18) and low birth weight 0.79 (95% CI 0.52-1.20) for exposure any time during pregnancy, and stillbirth 1.19 (95% CI 0.30-4.80), low Apgar score 1.17 (95% CI 0.37-3.66), hypoglycaemia 1.03 (95% CI 0.53-2.00), and respiratory distress syndrome 0.79 (95% CI 0.38-1.68) for exposure within 28 d before delivery. Use of pivmecillinam during pregnancy did not appear to increase the risk of adverse birth and neonatal outcomes; however, statistical precision is still low. PMID:15513399

  3. Data Management and Site-Visit Monitoring of the Multi-Center Registry in the Korean Neonatal Network

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Chang Won; Park, Moon Sung

    2015-01-01

    The Korean Neonatal Network (KNN), a nationwide prospective registry of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, < 1,500 g at birth) infants, was launched in April 2013. Data management (DM) and site-visit monitoring (SVM) were crucial in ensuring the quality of the data collected from 55 participating hospitals across the country on 116 clinical variables. We describe the processes and results of DM and SVM performed during the establishment stage of the registry. The DM procedure included automated pro...

  4. National registry of myocardial infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Amin Daemi; Mehdi Jafari

    2016-01-01

    The Registry of Myocardial Infarctions (MI Registry) is a national registry in Iran that collects and reports the data on myocardial infarctions. Its main advantage is that it covers the whole country and is mandatory for hospitals to register the MI cases in it. Then, the qualified individuals at the provincial and national levels can get intended reports and make appropriate decisions. Such reports, further to the policy makers and managers, can be very valuable for researchers. The regi...

  5. Analysis of influencing factors of birth defect based on health education%基于健康教育的出生缺陷影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘月芬; 李佳樾

    2012-01-01

    Teratogenic factors are closely related with living environment and human production and life, but are ignored easily. Therefore, the key link of reducing birth defect is to highlight public awareness effectively. This article indicated potential high-risk teratogenic factors in people' s life from the point of view of physics and chemistry so as to strengthen the concept of mass prevention and treatment and improve the effectiveness of preventing birth defects.%致畸因子与生存环境息息相关,其与人类生产生活密不可分,但却易被忽视.因此,降低出生缺陷至关重要的环节是有效地提高防范意识.该文从物理、化学等角度指出人们生活中潜在的高危致畸因素,强化群防群治理念,提高防范出生缺陷的效力.

  6. 广西不同民族新生儿出生情况及出生缺陷分析%The analysis of the birth condition and defects of different ethnic of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈继昌; 林墨菊; 邱萍; 罗琳琳; 王麟; 农铮

    2013-01-01

    Objective This article was to analyze the situation of newborns at Liuzhou ,Guangxi,in 2012,and understand the newborns’ information in order to pro-vide a theoretical basis for the development of maternal and child health interventions .Method We used statistics to analyze the 46877 cases of different ethnical newbo-rns in 2012 at Liuzhou city,Guangxi.Results The sex ratio of newborns in 2012 was lower than that of the national average;the incidence rate of premature and low birth weight newborns were higher than other regions;cesarean section rate was lower than that of the national average;the incidence of birth defects close to the national aver-age.Conclusion We should accordingly strength the propagation of relative knowledge about the pregnant period health .Provide guidance to the nutrition of pregnant women,promote fetal development and reduce the incidence of premature birth and low birth weight infants and birth defects ,which is the prior task to the maternal health care.%目的分析广西柳州市2012年出生新生儿情况及出生缺陷,了解不同民族新生儿出生的基本资料及出生缺陷情况,为制定孕产期保健和儿童保健干预措施提供理论依据。方法统计分析2011年广西柳州市46877例不同民族新生儿出生资料。结果2012年柳州市出生新生儿性别比低于全国平均水平;早产儿发生率和低出生体重发生率高于其他地区水平;剖宫产率低于全国平均水平;出生缺陷发生率接近国内平均水平。结论加强孕产期保健等相关知识宣教,进行孕妇营养指导,促进胎儿发育,减少早产和低体重儿的发生,减少出生缺陷的发生是孕产期保健的重点工作。

  7. Birth Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... licensed to handle low-risk births and whose philosophy emphasizes educating expectant parents about the natural aspects ... in which they give birth. Do you want music and low lighting? How about the freedom to ...

  8. Establishing a Twin Registry in Guinea-Bissau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard-Andersen, Morten; Gomes, Margarida A; Joaquím, Luis C;

    2013-01-01

    recently established one of the first twin registries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Our short-term aim is to describe twin mortality and morbidity in order to design appropriate health interventions. Our long-term goal is a large-scale database to explore the pathogenesis of prevalent diseases; for example......, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and infectious diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria. A major focus area is also the etiology of low birth weight and how epigenetic processes might modulate the consequences of low birth weight in Sub-Saharan Africa. For this, monozygotic twin studies...

  9. Analysis of the report of perinatal birth defects monitoring in fengtai district of beijing from 2006 to 2010%北京市丰台区2006-2010年出生缺陷监测数据分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐艳; 张静; 房春玉

    2012-01-01

    Objective: By understanding the incidence of perinatal birth defect in Fengtai district of Beijing, in order to explore the influencing factors and develop interventions to reduce the incidence of birth defect. Methods; The data of perinatal birth defects from 2006 to 2010 were gathered from monitoring hospitals in Fengtai district. Results: The incidence of birth defect in Fengtai district was 110.5/10000 and there was a upward trend during 5 years. The perinatal birth defects stood on the first 3 rank of incidence list followed by Polydactyly, Congenital malformation of auricle, Congenital heart defects. There were certain correlation among birth defects, the mother's residence geography, gestational age, birth weight, gestational age of birth. Conclusion: It is valuable to reduce the incidence by a well - planned birth defects monitoring and preventive health care program.%目的 分析丰台区出生缺陷的发生情况及相关因素,探索降低出生缺陷发生的干预措施.方法 对2006~2010年北京市丰台区出生缺陷监测资料进行统计分析.结果 2006~2010年出生缺陷总发生率为110.5/万,各年的出生缺陷发生率呈上升趋势;按照出生缺陷病种分类,位于前3位的为多指(趾)、外耳畸形、先天性心脏病;男婴与女婴出生缺陷发生率比较具有显著性差异;母亲户籍、分娩年龄、婴儿出生体重、孕周等是出生缺陷发生的影响因素.结论 做好出生缺陷监测工作,加强出生缺陷三级预防,是降低出生缺陷发生的必要措施.

  10. Cerebral Palsy Among Term and Postterm Births

    OpenAIRE

    J Gordon Millichap

    2010-01-01

    The relation of risk of cerebral palsy (CP) with gestational age among term and postterm births was investigated by researchers at the University of Bergen, Norway, and the Epidemiology Branch, NIH, Durham, NC, using Norway’s national health and insurance registries.

  11. The Analysis of Birth Defects of Newborns During the Past Six Years in a District of Chengdu%成都市某区六年来新生儿出生缺陷分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘梅; 周礼英; 吴怀勇; 张志华; 张倩; 李青林; 汪渝; 杜彪; 王园

    2015-01-01

    目的:对成都市某区2007年至2013年在我区建卡、分娩或引产孕产妇,调查其中具有缺陷新生儿及死胎的产妇相关信息,总结近年来出生缺陷的产妇因素、检查手段、出生缺陷的发展变化情况,分析围产儿出生缺陷情况,了解其动态变化,以为进一步做好出生缺陷防控工作提供理论依据。方法通过儿科、产科、保健科的登记手册,对成都市某区2007年至2013年建卡、分娩或引产的孕产妇,查找其中具有出生缺陷病例,根据其预产期,分为甲乙两组。通过设计调整表,对具有出生缺陷病例进行回顾性问卷调查,并复习病历资料,记录其中具有缺陷新生儿及死胎的产妇相关信息、新生儿或引产儿及死胎的出生缺陷情况等信息。统计并分析两组计数资料。结果近年孕产妇的保健意识可能已经得到一定提高,乙组孕妇婚前体检、孕期定期体检、孕期补充叶酸方面均优于甲组,差异有统计学意义( P>0.05)。出生缺陷筛查方法主要依靠唐氏筛查、胎儿彩超检查。出生缺陷仍以眼耳面颈部畸形和隐睾、四肢指趾畸形为主。结论近3年来染色体畸形发现更多,提示可能与高危因素接触有关。%Objective We studied puerperae from one district in Chengdu who registered, gave birth or had induced la-bor in our district during 2007 and 2013. For our sample,we investigated on subjects who had newborns with defects,or stillbirths. We summarized the factors on puerperae to have newborns with defects. We also summarized the examination methods and the de-velopment of newborn defects. We investigated newborns’ defects and the dynamic changes so that we can have a theoretical basis in preventing newborn defects. Methods We included puerperae from one district in Chengdu who registered,gave birth or had induced labor in our district during 2007 and 2013. All subjects were founded by using the

  12. 北京平谷区三年出生缺陷产前超声筛查分析%Prenatal Ultrasound Screening Analysis for the Birth Defects within 3 Years in Pinggu District in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大平

    2013-01-01

    Objective Ultrasonography in prenatal screening for birth defects diagnosis,understanding of the region the incidence of birth defects,in order to reduce the occurrence of congenital malformation.Methods In 2007,2008,my area,2009 (statistical time for every year from October 1st to next September 30th) delivery within seven days after the diagnosis of birth defects and ultrasound examination results were analyzed.Results In three years the region a total of 162 infants with birth defects,a total of 60 cases of prenatal ultrasound screening detected fetal malformation,and confirmed after birth ultrasound diagnosis correctly,ultrasound screening for the detection rate for 37 %.Missed diagnosis of malformations mainly for cardiac malformation in 45 cases,means (toe) abnormalities in 26 cases,lip,palate 8 cases.Conclusions Ultrasound examination can be detected in the vast majority of congenital fetal malformations,at present this area for gastroschisis,anencephaly and other obvious fetal malformation high detection rate,on minor malformations such as finger (toe) abnormalities in three years has never been detected,on fetal cardiac abnormalities by ultrasonography technology needs to be further improved.%目的 探讨超声产前筛查对出生缺陷的诊断价值,了解本地区出生缺陷的发生动态,为减少先天畸形的发生提供依据.方法 将平谷区2007-2009年(统计时间为每年10月1日至次年9月30日)分娩后7d内诊断的出生缺陷儿与超声检查结果,进行对比分析.结果 3年全区共分娩畸形儿162例,产前超声共筛查出60例畸形胎儿,且出生后证实超声诊断正确,超声筛查的检出率为37%.漏诊心脏畸形45例,指(趾)异常26例,唇、腭裂8例等.结论 超声检查可以检出绝大多数的胎儿先天畸形,目前平谷区对腹裂、无脑儿等明显的胎儿畸形检出率高,对微小畸形如指(趾)异常3年从未检出过,对胎儿心脏异常的超声检查技术有待进一步提高.

  13. The genetics of folate metabolism and maternal risk of birth of a child with Down syndrome and associated congenital heart defects

    OpenAIRE

    Coppedè, Fabio

    2015-01-01

    Almost 15 years ago it was hypothesized that polymorphisms of genes encoding enzymes involved in folate metabolism could lead to aberrant methylation of peri-centromeric regions of chromosome 21, favoring its abnormal segregation during maternal meiosis. Subsequently, more than 50 small case-control studies investigated whether or not maternal polymorphisms of folate pathway genes could be risk factors for the birth of a child with Down syndrome (DS), yielding conflicting and inconclusive res...

  14. Effect analysis of the surveillance and intervention of severe birth defects on decreasing the incidence of live birth with Down's syndrome in Zhongshan%中山地区重大出生缺陷监控和干预措施的实施对降低唐氏综合征出生率的效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莹; 江陵; 吴剑波; 陈昂; 陈咏莲; 李莉敏

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To analysize the effect of the surveillance and intervention of severe birth defects on decreasing the incidence of live birth with Down's syndrome in Zhongshan, 2010 -2011. Methods; Prenatal screening of Down's syndrome has been free in residents since January 1, 2010. The Surveillance and Intervention were carried out at the same time. Data of the surveillance were analyzed, 2008 -2011 , comparing the difference of the incidences. Results; After the surveillance and intervention, the rate of prenatal diagnosis of Down's syndrome increased significantly. The rate of live births with Down's syndrome decreased in 2010 -2011 (1. 63 -0. 64/ten thousand) compared with 2008 and 2009 (3. 5-3. 78/ten thousand). Conclusion; The Surveillance and intervention of severe birth defects on were effective on decreasing the incidence of live birth with Down's syndrome in Zhongshan.%目的 分析2010年-2011年中山地区对重大出生缺陷采取的监控和干预措施在降低唐氏综合征出生率方面的实际效果.方法 2010年1月1日始中山市对户籍人口实施免费产前筛查唐氏综合征,并进行监控和干预措施,通过2008年-2011年中山市出生缺陷监测网监测唐氏综合征儿数据,比较唐氏综合征出生率的差异.结果 实施重大出生缺陷监控和干预措施后,唐氏综合征的产前诊断率显著提高,唐氏综合征出生率2010年-2011年(1.63-0.64/万)较2008年-2009年(3.5-3.78/万)有明显下降(P =0.001).结论 2010年-2011年中山市对重大出生缺陷采取监控和干预措施在降低唐氏综合征出生率方面起到很好的效果.

  15. The effect of health education on preventing birth defects in a community of Nanjing City%南京市社区预防出生缺陷健康教育的效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许碧云; 胡娅莉; 崔晓宁; 姚敬; 洪红

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价南京市鼓楼区预防出生缺陷健康教育的效果,为以社区为基础的出生缺陷一级预防提供科学依据.方法 选择2008年3月~2009年7月在南京市鼓楼区建围产期保健小卡的孕妇作为调查对象并进行出生缺陷相关知识宣传教育,采用问卷调查早孕人群干预前后出生缺陷知识、态度和行为的变化,分析其影响因素.结果 干预后早孕人群对预防出生缺陷相关知识的总得分(34.43±3.10)高于干预前(29.56±4.77) (t=58.50,P<0.001).干预后21道题目回答正确率均高于干预前,其中仅1道题干预前后正确率的差异无统计学意义(P=0.458).年龄、文化程度、职业和家庭人均月收入对干预效果都有明显的影响(均有P<0.05).年龄大者比年龄小者,本科及以上文化程度比初中及以下者,医护人员比工人,家庭人均月收入1 001 ~元、2 001~元、3 001~元、4 001~元、≥5 001元比≤1 000元者对知识的掌握明显增多.结论 利用健康教育的模式对早孕人群进行干预,能提高其预防出生缺陷的能力.应对文化程度偏低、家庭收入较少的育龄妇女进行预防出生缺陷知识的普及.%Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on preventing birth defects in Gulou District of Nanjing City, in order to provide scientific evidence for the first-level prevention of the birth defect based on community. Methods Health education was conducted among the pregnant women who build card of perinatal health during March 2008 to July 2009 in Gulou District of Nanjing City. The questionnaire was used to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice of birth defect prevention among the early pregnant women. The results were analyzed to find the changes of knowledge , attitude and practice of birth defect prevention before- and after- intervention, and to find the influencing factors of intervention effect. Results There was significant promotion (i = 58. 50

  16. Worldwide variability in deceased organ donation registries

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenblum, Amanda M.; Li, Alvin Ho-Ting; Roels, Leo; Stewart, Bryan; Prakash, Versha; Beitel, Janice; Young, Kimberly; Shemie, Sam; Nickerson, Peter; Garg, Amit X

    2012-01-01

    The variability in deceased organ donation registries worldwide has received little attention. We considered all operating registries, where individual wishes about organ donation were recorded in a computerized database. We included registries which recorded an individual's decision to be a donor (donor registry), and registries which only recorded an individual's objection (non-donor registry). We collected information on 15 characteristics including history, design, use and number of regis...

  17. Validity of preeclampsia-related diagnoses recorded in a national hospital registry and in a postpartum interview of the women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemmensen, Ase K; Olsen, Sjurdur F; Osterdal, Marie Louise; Tabor, Ann

    2007-01-01

    In a population-based sample, the authors examined the validity of preeclampsia and related diagnoses recorded in a mandatory Danish national hospital discharge registry and in a standardized telephone interview of women who gave birth between 1998 and 2002. Using a "gold standard" for preeclampsia...... registry. A total of 21 of 2,951 women without preeclampsia (0.71%) had a preeclampsia diagnosis in the registry. All registrations of serious subtypes of preeclampsia reflected true cases. The positive predictive value of a preeclampsia diagnosis in the registry was 74.4%. Including interview data reduced...

  18. Defect-mediated relaxation in the random tiling phase of a binary mixture: Birth, death and mobility of an atomic zipper

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the mechanism of defect-mediated relaxation in a dodecagonal square-triangle random tiling phase exhibited by a simulated binary mixture of soft discs in 2D. We examine the internal transitions within the elementary mobile defect (christened the “zipper”) that allow it to move, as well as the mechanisms by which the zipper is created and annihilated. The structural relaxation of the random tiling phase is quantified and we show that this relaxation is well described by a model based on the distribution of waiting times for each atom to be visited by the diffusing zipper. This system, representing one of the few instances where a well defined mobile defect is capable of structural relaxation, can provide a valuable test case for general theories of relaxation in complex and disordered materials

  19. Defect-mediated relaxation in the random tiling phase of a binary mixture: Birth, death and mobility of an atomic zipper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tondl, Elisabeth; Ramsay, Malcolm; Harrowell, Peter; Widmer-Cooper, Asaph [School of Chemistry, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

    2014-03-14

    This paper describes the mechanism of defect-mediated relaxation in a dodecagonal square-triangle random tiling phase exhibited by a simulated binary mixture of soft discs in 2D. We examine the internal transitions within the elementary mobile defect (christened the “zipper”) that allow it to move, as well as the mechanisms by which the zipper is created and annihilated. The structural relaxation of the random tiling phase is quantified and we show that this relaxation is well described by a model based on the distribution of waiting times for each atom to be visited by the diffusing zipper. This system, representing one of the few instances where a well defined mobile defect is capable of structural relaxation, can provide a valuable test case for general theories of relaxation in complex and disordered materials.

  20. Defect-mediated relaxation in the random tiling phase of a binary mixture: Birth, death and mobility of an atomic zipper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tondl, Elisabeth; Ramsay, Malcolm; Harrowell, Peter; Widmer-Cooper, Asaph

    2014-03-01

    This paper describes the mechanism of defect-mediated relaxation in a dodecagonal square-triangle random tiling phase exhibited by a simulated binary mixture of soft discs in 2D. We examine the internal transitions within the elementary mobile defect (christened the "zipper") that allow it to move, as well as the mechanisms by which the zipper is created and annihilated. The structural relaxation of the random tiling phase is quantified and we show that this relaxation is well described by a model based on the distribution of waiting times for each atom to be visited by the diffusing zipper. This system, representing one of the few instances where a well defined mobile defect is capable of structural relaxation, can provide a valuable test case for general theories of relaxation in complex and disordered materials.

  1. The Danish Twin Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytthe, Axel; Christiansen, Lene; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm; Bødker, Frans L; Hvidberg, Lars; Petersen, Inge; Nielsen, Morten M F; Bingley, Paul; Hjelmborg, Jacob; Tan, Qihua; Holm, Niels V; Vaupel, James W; McGue, Matt; Christensen, Kaare

    2013-01-01

    Over the last 60 years, the resources and the research in the Danish Twin Registry (DTR) have periodically been summarized. Here, we give a short overview of the DTR and a more comprehensive description of new developments in the twenty-first century. First, we outline our experience over the last...... decade of combining questionnaire and survey data with national demographic, social, and health registers in Statistics Denmark. Second, we describe our most recent data collection effort, which was conducted during the period 2008-2011 and included both in-person assessments of 14,000+ twins born 1931......-1969 and sampling of biological material, hereby expanding and consolidating the DTR biobank. Third, two examples of intensively studied twin cohorts are given. The new developments in the DTR in the last decade have facilitated the ongoing research and laid the groundwork for new research directions....

  2. Air pollution and congenital heart defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agay-Shay, Keren; Friger, Michael; Linn, Shai; Peled, Ammatzia; Amitai, Yona; Peretz, Chava

    2013-07-01

    Environmental factors such as ambient air pollution have been associated with congenital heart defects. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between gestational exposure to air pollution and the risk of congenital heart defects. We conducted a registry-based cohort study with a total of 135,527 live- and still-births in the Tel-Aviv region during 2000-2006. We used a Geographic Information System-based spatiotemporal approach with weekly inverse distance weighting modeling to evaluate associations between gestational exposure to ambient air pollution during weeks 3-8 of pregnancy and the risk for congenital heart defects. The following pollutants were studied: carbon monoxide, nitrogen-dioxide, ozone, sulfur-dioxide and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 μm and 2.5 μm (PM10, PM2.5 respectively). Logistic models, adjusted for socio-demographic covariates were used to evaluate the associations. We found that maternal exposure to increased concentrations of PM10 was associated with multiple congenital heart defects (adjusted OR 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.10 for 10 μg/m(3) increment). An inverse association was observed between concentrations of PM2.5 and isolated patent ductus arteriosus (adjusted OR 0.78, 95% CI: 0.68 to 0.91 for 5 µg/m(3) increment). Sensitivity analyses showed that results were consistent. Generally there were no evidence for an association between gaseous air pollutants and congenital heart defects.Our results for PM10 and congenital heart defects confirm results from previous studies. The results for PM2.5 need further investigations. PMID:23623715

  3. Atrioventricular septal defects among infants in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Nikolas; Andersen, Helle; Garne, Ester;

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of chromosomal and non-chromosomal cases of atrioventricular septal defects in Europe. METHODS: Data were obtained from EUROCAT, a European network of population-based registries collecting data on congenital anomalies. Data from 13 registries for the perio...

  4. 出生缺陷多指(趾)儿7例原因分析及干预措施%Experience of reasons and intervention measures of 7 cases of birth defects of multi finger(toe)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呙明蓉

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨出生缺陷多指(趾)儿的原因及干预措施。方法:2009年10月-2013年9月收治出生缺陷多指(趾)儿7例,针对其发生率、孕周、胎儿性别、孕妇的年龄、文化程度、孕早期情况、出生缺陷、转归等7个方面进行统计及分析。结果:发生率:出生缺陷儿的发生率70.63‰,围产儿的死亡率32.60‰;多指(趾)儿发生率26.92%,围产儿存活率100%。孕周:37周1例,38周3例,39周2例,40周1例,7例均为足月产。胎儿性别:男4例,女3例,性别没有差异。孕妇年龄:26岁1例,27岁1例,28岁2例,29岁2例,30岁1例,孕妇年龄没有差别。文化程度:小学1例,初中3例,大专3例。孕早期情况:感冒1例,发热1例,无异常5例。畸形部位:多指5例,多趾1例,右足并趾1例。转归:活产7例,均为活产。结论;对7例出生缺陷儿的原因分析,加强对优生优育的宣教,避免不良生活习惯,避免孕早期病毒感染和孕期的保健,提高生存质量的重要措施。%Objective:To explore the reasons and intervention measures of birth defects of multi finger(toe).Methods:7 cases with birth defects of multi finger(toe) were selected from October 2009 to September 2013.We analyzed the incidence,gestational weeks,fetus gender,maternal age,culture degree,early pregnancy,birth defects and prognosis.Results:The incidence rate of birth defects in children was 70.63‰,and perinatal mortality was 32.60‰.Multi finger(toe) rate was 26.92%,and the perinatal survival rate was 100%.Gestational age:1 case was 37 weeks,3 cases were 38 weeks,2 cases were 39 weeks,1 case were 40 weeks,7 cases were all full-term birth.The sex of the fetus:4 cases were male,3 cases were female,there was no gender differences.Age of pregnant women:1 case was 26 years old,1 case was 27 years old,2 cases were 28 years old,2 cases were 29 years old,1 case was 30 years old,there was no difference in

  5. Association between regular exercise and excessive newborn birth weight

    OpenAIRE

    Owe, Katrine M.; Nystad, Wenche; Bø, Kari

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between regular exercise before and during pregnancy and excessive newborn birth weight. METHODS: Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, 36,869 singleton pregnancies lasting at least 37 weeks were included. Information on regular exercise was based on answers from two questionnaires distributed in pregnancy weeks 17 and 30. Linkage to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway provided data on newborn birth weight. The main outcome me...

  6. Congenital malformations in multiple births

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharada B. Menasinkai

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study was done to know and compare the incidence of congenital malformations in singleton and multiple births in our hospital & compare with other studies. Methods: A retrospective study done by collecting the data from parturition register from Jan 2008 to Dec 2011 (4yrs from Cheluvamba Hospital attached to Mysore Medical College and Research Institute. Total number of the live births, still births, and abortions> 20 wks were collected. Details of multiple births such as maternal age, gestational age, sex & birth weight of the babies, U/S reports and congenital anomalies (CA were noted. Results: The total number of singleton births were 48700 and number of babies who had congenital malformations were 235 (48.25/10,000 births.Total number of multiple births were 579 including 10 triplets and number of babies who had CA were 11 (189.98/10,000 births, P<0.0001. In the present study sex of the babies were noted in all multiple births and zygosity could not be recorded. Among 579 multiple births 404 were of the Same Sex (SS and 165 were of Opposite Sex (OS in twins and 6 were of the same sex and 4 were of opposite sex in triplets. According to Weinberg formula 50% of same sex (SS twins are monozygotic and 50% are dizygotic twins. Among the 11 babies with CA, 4 monozygotic twins had anomalies related to twinning such as Acardia with TRAP sequence (3 twins, and Thoracophagus (1 twin.5 babies had CNS anomalies, 1 with cystic hygroma, 1 baby with multiple system affected. Conclusion: The incidence of birth defects is more in multiple births and especially in monozygotic twins. In the present days increase in twinning rate due to advanced maternal age, hereditary factors and use of ovulation inducing drugs, which results in premature and low birth wt babies associated with poor lung maturity. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(3.000: 216-221

  7. Tools and data services registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ison, Jon; Rapacki, Kristoffer; Ménager, Hervé;

    2016-01-01

    Life sciences are yielding huge data sets that underpin scientific discoveries fundamental to improvement in human health, agriculture and the environment. In support of these discoveries, a plethora of databases and tools are deployed, in technically complex and diverse implementations, across...... at hand.Here we present a community-driven curation effort, supported by ELIXIR-the European infrastructure for biological information-that aspires to a comprehensive and consistent registry of information about bioinformatics resources. The sustainable upkeep of this Tools and Data Services Registry......, the registry can become a standard for dissemination of information about bioinformatics resources: we welcome everyone to join us in this common endeavour. The registry is freely available at https://bio.tools....

  8. Birth, Simply

    OpenAIRE

    Gibbons, Mary

    2006-01-01

    In this column, a mother describes the home birth of her fourth child, which included the supportive presence of her husband, young children, and other family members, along with the help of a midwife. The mother's experience demonstrates the advantages of normal birth and its benefits to the entire family.

  9. Redemptive birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Lina

    2016-05-01

    Many of us are in the business of improving birth. Some of us are decades into our journeys of midwifery, whilst others are fresh students aspiring to give our best in this new profession. This article looks at ways to redeem birth from two aspects: for the mother; and for the midwife. I work in an international community in a developing country, in a privatised system. Although different from the UK, birth is birth. Women, their families and midwives will be able to relate to similar experiences. Ultimately my goals are likely to be the same as those in other parts of the world. I address issues of the workplaces in which we operate, the role of midwives in redeeming birth outcomes, and how we may better serve women and each other. PMID:27295755

  10. Physical inactivity affects skeletal muscle insulin signaling in a birth weight-dependent manner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Brynjulf; Friedrichsen, Martin; Andersen, Nicoline Resen;

    2014-01-01

    We investigated whether physical inactivity could unmask defects in insulin and AMPK signaling in low birth weight (LBW) subjects.......We investigated whether physical inactivity could unmask defects in insulin and AMPK signaling in low birth weight (LBW) subjects....

  11. Analysis of 1540 neonates with birth defects related to different assisted reproductive technique%不同辅助生殖技术妊娠分娩的1 540例新生儿出生缺陷分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 孙莹璞; 孔慧娟; 苏迎春; 郭艺红; 梁菊艳; 李朋粉

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨不同辅助生殖技术妊娠分娩的新生儿出生缺陷的发生情况及影响因素.方法 对1998年10月至2006年12月在郑州大学第一附属医院生殖医学中心接受体外受精(IVF)助孕[IVF、卵母细胞胞质内单精子注射(ICSI)、冻融胚胎移植(Thaw-ET)]妊娠的孕妇分娩的1271例新生儿(体外受精组)及同期接受人工授精妊娠的孕妇所分娩的269例新生儿(人工授精组)的临床资料进行分析,比较两组及不同辅助生殖技术后出生的新生儿情况、出生缺陷及出生缺陷受累系统.结果 体外受精组中,IVF、ICSI、Thaw-ET后出生的低体重(LBW)儿分别为20.0%(134/671)、22.4%(92/410)、18.9%(36/190),也均高于人工授精组的11.5%(31/269),差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论 不同体外受精助孕后多胎率明显升高,由此造成的相关风险也随之增加,但新生儿的出生缺陷并没有明显增加;减少多胎妊娠是保护出生新生儿健康的关键.%Objective To investigate the incidence of and clinical factors influencing neonatal birth defects from different assisted reproductive technology. Methods Between October 1998 and December 2006,1271 newborns from mothers treated by in vitro fertilization techniques [ including in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (1CSI) and thaw embryo transfer (Thaw-ET) ] matched with 269 newborns from mothers treated by artificial insemination were enrolled in Reproductive Medicine Center in First Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University. Their medical information was analyzed retrospectively to compared neonatal characteristics, the incidence of birth defect and anomalous organs involved between in vitro fertilization group and artificial insemination group. Results In group of in vitro fertilization, those newborns with low birth weight from IVF, ICSI and Thaw-ET were 20. 0% ( 134/671 ), 22. 4% (92/410), 18.9% (36/190)respectively, which were more than 11.5% (31/269) cases

  12. 2009-2010年北京市西城区德胜社区出生缺陷监测情况%Monitoring and analysis on birth defects in Desheng community in Xicheng district of Beijing 2009-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚喆萍; 薄新生; 纪晋文

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解北京市西城区德胜社区出生缺陷发生特点,为干预措施提供科学依据.方法 对2009-2010年北京市西城区德胜社区的人群出生缺陷监测结果进行分析.结果 2009、2010年德胜社区出生缺陷发生率分别为25.91%、22.58%,出生缺陷发生顺位前3位的分别是先天性心脏病(52.50%)、外耳其他畸形(15.00%)、并指(趾)(10.00%),出生缺陷发生与孕周、孕妇年龄有关(P<0.05),出生缺陷的诊断手段主要为B超和临床.结论 要关注高龄孕妇围生期保健,做好孕产妇系统管理,规范产前检查和预防,降低出生缺陷发生率.%[Objective]To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of birth defects in Desheng community in Xicheng District of Beijing, provide the scientific basis for intervention measures. [Methods] The monitoring results of birth defects in Desheng community in Xicheng District of Beijing during 2009-2010 were analyzed. [Results] The incidence rate of birth defects in Desheng community in 2009 and 2010 was 25. 91‰ and 22. 58‰ respectively. The top three birth defects were congenital heart disease (52.50% ), congenital external ear malformations (15.00% ) and syndactyly (10.00% ). The birth defects were related to gesta-tional age and maternal age (P <0. 05). The main diagnostic methods of birth defects were B-ultrasound and clinical diagnosis. [Conclusion] It is necessary to pay attention to perinatal health care among senile gravida, carry out the system management among pregnant women, and improve the prenatal examination and prevention, in order to reduce the incidence rate of birth defects.

  13. Preterm Birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... factors, and social, personal, and economic characteristics. Can anything be done to prevent a preterm birth? Preventing ... My last baby was born early. Is there anything I can do in this pregnancy to keep ...

  14. Worldwide variability in deceased organ donation registries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblum, Amanda M; Li, Alvin Ho-Ting; Roels, Leo; Stewart, Bryan; Prakash, Versha; Beitel, Janice; Young, Kimberly; Shemie, Sam; Nickerson, Peter; Garg, Amit X

    2012-08-01

    The variability in deceased organ donation registries worldwide has received little attention. We considered all operating registries, where individual wishes about organ donation were recorded in a computerized database. We included registries which recorded an individual's decision to be a donor (donor registry), and registries which only recorded an individual's objection (non-donor registry). We collected information on 15 characteristics including history, design, use and number of registrants for 27 registries (68%). Most registries are nationally operated and government-owned. Registrations in five nations expire and require renewal. Some registries provide the option to make specific organ selections in the donation decision. Just over half of donor registries provide legally binding authorization to donation. In all national donor registries, except one, the proportion of adults (15+) registered is modest (donation decision mandatory to obtain a driver's license. Registered objections in non-donor registries are rare (organ donor registries worldwide necessitates public discourse and quality improvement initiatives, to identify and support leading practices in registry use. PMID:22507140

  15. Epidemiology of Multiple Congenital Anomalies in Europe : A EUROCAT Population-Based Registry Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Calzolari, Elisa; Barisic, Ingeborg; Loane, Maria; Morris, Joan; Wellesley, Diana; Dolk, Helen; Addor, Marie-Claude; Arriola, Larraitz; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Neville, Amanda J.; Budd, Judith L. S.; Klungsoyr, Kari; Khoshnood, Babak; McDonnell, Bob; Nelen, Vera; Queisser-Luft, Annette; Rankin, Judith; Rissmann, Anke; Rounding, Catherine; Tucker, David; Verellen-Dumoulin, Christine; de Walle, Hermien; Garne, Ester

    2014-01-01

    BackgroundThis study describes the prevalence, associated anomalies, and demographic characteristics of cases of multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) in 19 population-based European registries (EUROCAT) covering 959,446 births in 2004 and 2010. MethodsEUROCAT implemented a computer algorithm for clas

  16. Environmental Agents Service (EAS) Registry System of Records

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Environmental Agent Service (EAS) Registries is the information system encompassing the Ionizing Radiation Registry (IRR), the Agent Orange Registry (AOR), and...

  17. Paper 3: EUROCAT data quality indicators for population-based registries of congenital anomalies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loane, Maria; Dolk, Helen; Garne, Ester;

    2011-01-01

    The European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) network of population-based congenital anomaly registries is an important source of epidemiologic information on congenital anomalies in Europe covering live births, fetal deaths from 20 weeks gestation, and terminations of pregnancy for...... fetal anomaly. EUROCAT's policy is to strive for high-quality data, while ensuring consistency and transparency across all member registries. A set of 30 data quality indicators (DQIs) was developed to assess five key elements of data quality: completeness of case ascertainment, accuracy of diagnosis......, completeness of information on EUROCAT variables, timeliness of data transmission, and availability of population denominator information. This article describes each of the individual DQIs and presents the output for each registry as well as the EUROCAT (unweighted) average, for 29 full member registries for...

  18. Cerebral palsy in eastern Denmark: declining birth prevalence but increasing numbers of unilateral cerebral palsy in birth year period 1986-1998

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Susanne Holst; Flachs, Esben Meulengracht; Uldall, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The Cerebral Palsy Registry in eastern Denmark has been collecting cases using a uniform data sampling procedure since birth year 1979. Children are included by two child neurologists and an obstetrician. Information on pregnancy, birth, neonatal period, impairments and demographic data are...... registered. The total cerebral palsy birth prevalence has been significantly decreasing since the birth period 1983-1986 with 3.0 per 1000 live births until the period 1995-1998 with 2.1 per 1000 live births. The overall decrease was seen in preterm infants (...

  19. Cancer risk in Swedish women: the relation to size at birth

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, S W; Bengtsson, C; Hallberg, L.; Lapidus, L; Niklasson, A; Wallgren, A; Hulthén, L

    2001-01-01

    The relationship between fetal growth as indicated by weight and length at birth, and cancer risk in 1080 adult Swedish women was examined. Birth factors were retrieved from original midwife records for the years 1914, 1918, 1922 and 1930, and primary cancer cases were identified by matching with national and regional cancer registries through the year 1998. A positive and statistically significant increased risk for cancer was found with increasing birth weight or birth length for all site c...

  20. Breast and Colon Cancer Family Registries

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Breast Cancer Family Registry and the Colon Cancer Family Registry were established by the National Cancer Institute as a resource for investigators to use in conducting studies on the genetics and molecular epidemiology of breast and colon cancer.

  1. Hereditary cancer registries improve the care of patients with a genetic predisposition to cancer: contributions from the Dutch Lynch syndrome registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasen, Hans F A; Velthuizen, Mary E; Kleibeuker, Jan H; Menko, Fred H; Nagengast, Fokke M; Cats, Annemieke; van der Meulen-de Jong, Andrea E; Breuning, Martijn H; Roukema, Anne J; van Leeuwen-Cornelisse, Inge; de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, Wouter H; Wijnen, Juul T

    2016-07-01

    The Dutch Hereditary Cancer Registry was established in 1985 with the support of the Ministry of Health (VWS). The aims of the registry are: (1) to promote the identification of families with hereditary cancer, (2) to encourage the participation in surveillance programs of individuals at high risk, (3) to ensure the continuity of lifelong surveillance examinations, and (4) to promote research, in particular the improvement of surveillance protocols. During its early days the registry provided assistance with family investigations and the collection of medical data, and recommended surveillance when a family fulfilled specific diagnostic criteria. Since 2000 the registry has focused on family follow-up, and ensuring the quality of surveillance programs and appropriate clinical management. Since its founding, the registry has identified over 10,000 high-risk individuals with a diverse array of hereditary cancer syndromes. All were encouraged to participate in prevention programmes. The registry has published a number of studies that evaluated the outcome of surveillance protocols for colorectal cancer (CRC) in Lynch syndrome, as well as in familial colorectal cancer. In 2006, evaluation of the effect of registration and colonoscopic surveillance on the mortality rate associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) showed that the policy led to a substantial decrease in the mortality rate associated with CRC. Following discovery of MMR gene defects, the first predictive model that could select families for genetic testing was published by the Leiden group. In addition, over the years the registry has produced many cancer risk studies that have helped to develop appropriate surveillance protocols. Hereditary cancer registries in general, and the Lynch syndrome registry in particular, play an important role in improving the clinical management of affected families. PMID:26973060

  2. Knowledge, attitude and behavior investigation on the early pregnant couples about birth defects in Sanlin area%三林地区育龄夫妇预防出生缺陷知识态度行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪天英; 曲毅; 施榕; 胡国华; 王赟; 庄康璐; 宋徽江

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the current status of the knowledge,attitude and behavior of birth defect prevention among the early pregnant couples in Sanlin area of Pudong New District in order to provide the support for the community-based first level prevention of the birth defect,and provide reference for the publicity of prenatal and postnatal care.Methods:A questionnaire survey was made among the early pregnant couples who had established maternal Manual during the year of 2012 from April to September in Sanlin Community Health Service Center.Results:Among the 403 collected questionnaires,391 were valid with an effective rate of 97.02%.The survey results indicated the awareness rate towards the eugenic related knowledge was range from 42.20% to 97.95% among the couples of childbearing age in Sanlin area.The percentages of sources of the Eugenic knowledge obtained from were internet (73.91%),medical staffs (71.61%),books and newspaper (63.43 %),and TV broadcasting (50.13 %).The rates for premarital medical examination,pre-pregnancy medical examination,medical prenatal examination and planned pregnancy were 55.50%,42.97%,98.50% and 68.29%.Conclusion:Couples of childbearing age widely know the basics of preventing birth defects but not in a comprehensive degree.Majority of the couples have the positive attitude and action towards the promotion of eugenics.The critical time period of preventing birth defects is before the pregnancy and during the early stage of pregnancy.It is necessary to broaden the preconception and periconceptional care range in order to locate the entry points of level-one intervention and health education accurately.%目的:了解浦东新区三林地区育龄夫妇掌握出生缺陷知识的水平及其对此的态度及相关行为,为以社区为基础的出生缺陷一级提供依据,为做好优生优育预防知识的宣传提供参考.方法:用问卷调查方式,对2012年4月至9月在上海浦东新区三林社区卫

  3. The Danish National Prescription Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kildemoes, Helle Wallach; Toft Sørensen, Henrik; Hallas, Jesper

    Introduction: Individual-level data on all prescription drugs sold in Danish community pharmacies has since 1994 been recorded in the Register of Medicinal Products Statistics of the Danish Medicines Agency. Content: The register subset, termed the Danish National Prescription Registry (DNPR), co...

  4. The Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jeppe; Jakobsen, John; Brorson, Stig;

    2012-01-01

    The Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry (DSR) was established in 2004. Data are reported electronically by the surgeons. Patient-reported outcome is collected 10-14 months postoperatively using the Western Ontario osteoarthritis of the shoulder index (WOOS). 2,137 primary shoulder arthroplasties...

  5. 27 CFR 24.115 - Registry number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Registry number. 24.115... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Establishment and Operations Application § 24.115 Registry number. Upon approval of the application, the appropriate TTB officer will assign a registry number to the bonded...

  6. Long term trends in prevalence of neural tube defects in Europe: population based study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loane, Maria; de Walle, Hermien; Arriola, Larraitz; Addor, Marie-Claude; Barisic, Ingeborg; Beres, Judit; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Dias, Carlos; Draper, Elizabeth; Garne, Ester; Gatt, Miriam; Haeusler, Martin; Klungsoyr, Kari; Latos-Bielenska, Anna; Lynch, Catherine; McDonnell, Bob; Nelen, Vera; Neville, Amanda J; O’Mahony, Mary T; Queisser-Luft, Annette; Rankin, Judith; Rissmann, Anke; Ritvanen, Annukka; Rounding, Catherine; Sipek, Antonin; Tucker, David; Verellen-Dumoulin, Christine; Wellesley, Diana; Dolk, Helen

    2015-01-01

    Study question What are the long term trends in the total (live births, fetal deaths, and terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomaly) and live birth prevalence of neural tube defects (NTD) in Europe, where many countries have issued recommendations for folic acid supplementation but a policy for mandatory folic acid fortification of food does not exist? Methods This was a population based, observational study using data on 11 353 cases of NTD not associated with chromosomal anomalies, including 4162 cases of anencephaly and 5776 cases of spina bifida from 28 EUROCAT (European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies) registries covering approximately 12.5 million births in 19 countries between 1991 and 2011. The main outcome measures were total and live birth prevalence of NTD, as well as anencephaly and spina bifida, with time trends analysed using random effects Poisson regression models to account for heterogeneities across registries and splines to model non-linear time trends. Summary answer and limitations Overall, the pooled total prevalence of NTD during the study period was 9.1 per 10 000 births. Prevalence of NTD fluctuated slightly but without an obvious downward trend, with the final estimate of the pooled total prevalence of NTD in 2011 similar to that in 1991. Estimates from Poisson models that took registry heterogeneities into account showed an annual increase of 4% (prevalence ratio 1.04, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 1.07) in 1995-99 and a decrease of 3% per year in 1999-2003 (0.97, 0.95 to 0.99), with stable rates thereafter. The trend patterns for anencephaly and spina bifida were similar, but neither anomaly decreased substantially over time. The live birth prevalence of NTD generally decreased, especially for anencephaly. Registration problems or other data artefacts cannot be excluded as a partial explanation of the observed trends (or lack thereof) in the prevalence of NTD. What this study adds In the absence of mandatory fortification

  7. Birth cohorts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Madsen, Mia

    2009-01-01

    ; provides practical guidance on how to set-up and maintain birth cohorts for completing family-based studies in life course epidemiology; describes how to undertake appropriate statistical analyses of family-based studies and correctly interpret results from these analyses; and provides examples that...

  8. Some Considerations on the Adoption Registration in the Civil Registry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela LUPŞAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Filiation is, in a broad sense, an identity element, dependent or not on the biological relationships, that represents, in some situations, either a condition for the existence of a right (e.g. the right to inheritance or for example to conclude a legal act (e.g. marriage. The proof of filiation is the birth certificate drawn up in civil registry or on the material basis of birth, or on the basis of the adoption judgment. In this paper, we aimed at analyzing the final part of the adoption procedure, the subsequent stage for becoming final the adoption judgment, which sets face to face the adopting person or family and the administrative authority, obliged to execute the judge's decision, i.e. to create a filiation relation between the adopted on the one hand and the adoptive parent or parents.

  9. New registry: National Cancer Patient Registry--Colorectal Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendy, L; Radzi, M

    2008-09-01

    Colorectal cancer is emerging as one of the commonest cancers in Malaysia. Data on colorectal cancer from the National Cancer Registry is very limited. Comprehensive information on all aspects of colorectal cancer, including demographic details, pathology and treatment outcome are needed as the management of colorectal cancer has evolved rapidly over the years involving several disciplines including gastroenterology, surgery, radiology, pathology and oncology. This registry will be an important source of information that can help the development of guidelines to improve colorectal cancer care relevant to this country. The database will initially recruit all colorectal cancer cases from eight hospitals. The data will be stored on a customized web-based case report form. The database has begun collecting data from 1 October 2007 and will report on its first year findings at the end of 2008. PMID:19230248

  10. On the Cooperation of Independent Registries

    CERN Document Server

    Miraz, Matteo

    2010-01-01

    Registries play a key role in service-oriented applications. Originally, they were neutral players between service providers and clients. The UDDI Business Registry (UBR) was meant to foster these concepts and provide a common reference for companies interested in Web services. The more Web services were used, the more companies started create their own local registries: more efficient discovery processes, better control over the quality of published information, and also more sophisticated publication policies motivated the creation of private repositories. The number and heterogeneity of the different registries - besides the decision to close the UBR are pushing for new and sophisticated means to make different registries cooperate. This paper proposes DIRE (DIstributed REgistry), a novel approach based on a publish and subscribe (P/S) infrastructure to federate different heterogeneous registries and make them exchange information about published services. The paper discusses the main motivations for the P...

  11. Neural Tube Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Greene, Nicholas D. E.; Copp, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Neural tube defects (NTDs), including spina bifida and anencephaly, are severe birth defects of the central nervous system that originate during embryonic development when the neural tube fails to close completely. Human NTDs are multifactorial, with contributions from both genetic and environmental factors. The genetic basis is not yet well understood, but several nongenetic risk factors have been identified as have possibilities for prevention by maternal folic acid supplementation. Mechani...

  12. Gastroschisis and associated defects: an international study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mastroiacovo, Pierpaolo

    2007-04-01

    Our objective was to evaluate the frequency and type of malformations associated with gastroschisis in a large pool of international data, to identify malformation patterns, and to evaluate the role of maternal age in non-isolated cases. Case-by-case information from 24 registries, all members of the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research (ICBDSR), were evaluated. After the exclusion of other abdominal wall defects cases were classified as: (a) isolated; (b) recognizable syndrome, chromosomal or not; (c) multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). Our results showed that out of 3,322 total cases 469 non-isolated cases were registered (14.1%): 41 chromosomal syndromes, 24 other syndromes, and 404 MCA. Among MCA four groups of anomalies were most frequent: CNS (4.5%), cardio-vascular (2.5%), limb (2.2%), and kidney anomalies (1.9%). No similar patterns emerged except two patterns resembling limb-body wall complex and OEIS. In both of them the gastroschisis could be however misclassified. Chromosomal trisomies and possibly non-syndromic MCA are associated with an older maternal age more than isolated cases. On consideration of our data and the most valid studies published in the literature, the best estimate of the proportion of gastroschisis associated with major unrelated defects is about 10%, with a few cases associated to recognizable syndromes. Recognized syndromes with gastroschisis seem to be so exceptional that the well documented and validated cases are worth being published as interesting case report. An appropriate case definition in etiological studies should include only isolated gastroschisis after an appropriate definition of isolated and non-isolated cases and a thorough case-by-case review.

  13. Birth control pills - overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contraception - pills - hormonal methods; Hormonal birth control methods; Birth control pills; Contraceptive pills; BCP; OCP ... Birth control pills are also called oral contraceptives or just "the pill." A health care provider must prescribe birth ...

  14. CIRSE Vascular Closure Device Registry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Vascular closure devices are routinely used after many vascular interventional radiology procedures. However, there have been no major multicenter studies to assess the safety and effectiveness of the routine use of closure devices in interventional radiology. Methods: The CIRSE registry of closure devices with an anchor and a plug started in January 2009 and ended in August 2009. A total of 1,107 patients were included in the registry. Results: Deployment success was 97.2%. Deployment failure specified to access type was 8.8% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 5.0–14.5] for antegrade access and 1.8% (95% CI 1.1–2.9) for retrograde access (P = 0.001). There was no difference in deployment failure related to local PVD at the access site. Calcification was a reason for deployment failure in only 5.9 cm, and two vessel occlusions. Conclusion: The conclusion of this registry of closure devices with an anchor and a plug is that the use of this device in interventional radiology procedures is safe, with a low incidence of serious access site complications. There seems to be no difference in complications between antegrade and retrograde access and other parameters.

  15. Prevalence of Visual Impairment in Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight School Age Children

    OpenAIRE

    Ashraf Mohammadzadeh; Akbar Derakhshan; Farhat Ahmadshah; Rana Amiri; Habiballah Esmaeli

    2009-01-01

    Objective:Studies demonstrated that 5-10% of preschool children have visual impairment. By age seven, up to 13% of children will have some defect in visual acuity. Both prematurity and low birth weight have been associated with an increased incidence of ophthalmic disorders. In this study we determined prevalence of visual impairment in low birth weight and normal birth weight school age children in Mashhad. Methods: This is a cross sectional study. The target population consisted of all chil...

  16. Clara's birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorens, S; Richer, D; Bel, A; Bel, B

    1999-01-01

    Advocacy for homebirth is based on the strong assumption that birthing is a physiological process and does not require medical interventions unless things turn "wrong." Let us assume that something might always go wrong, for instance during Clara's birth when the placenta was still retained after three hours. What needs to be done? The moment the midwife entered the house she was endowed with a responsibility for any problem caused by her failure to give proper guidance. With this weight on her shoulder, and according to her training and experience, there was no other way for her than to suggest an intervention regarding the placenta. The two midwives, B, and C., might not agree on risk estimations, the nature of the intervention, whether it should be performed at home or in a hospital. The estimation of abnormalities, evaluation of risks and the procedures with which to handle them are the main practical difference between classic obstetrics and non-interventionist midwifery--by analogy, between allopathy and naturopathy. The rest (positive thinking) is basically literature. A delivery will not remain normal just because we decide it "must" be physiological. Dr. Barua, a professor of obstetrics in Pondicherry, pointed out that normal deliveries are rare--fewer than 10 percent in South India. What we have instead is either pathological or "natural" deliveries in which regenerative processes take care of abnormal situations. Unless she has developed sensitive hands, a birth assistant or midwife must rely on monitoring procedures to evaluate deviations from the normal process. Even with the greatest care, these procedures are intrusive in that they disconnect the parturient from her own sensations. While successful unattended homebirth stories emphasise the extraordinary power and sensitivity of a birthing woman, the whole dream seems to collapse in abnormal or pathological cases. It would have collapsed for Sonia as well, had she not discarded negative suggestions

  17. The prevalence at birth of congenital malformations in the city of Ozyorsk located near the nuclear complex Mayak production association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For many years possible genetic effects of exposure to ionizing radiation have been a subject of interest and concern, but data from studies of the risk of radiation-induced hereditary effects in humans are limited. the most extensive human studies of genetic effects were those conducted on the Japanese. A-bomb survivors. In These studies in investigators examined the association of various levels of radiation exposure and several different endpoints, including major congenital defects, stillbirth, death during the first week of life, survivals, and sex ratio and Down's syndrome (8, (14-16). Although associations of these outcomes with radiation exposure were in the positive direction, none were close to statistical significance. Only teratogenic effects of in utero exposure at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, microcephaly and mental retardation, have been observed (8, (10, 16)). Of most interest is possible association of congenital malformations (CMs) with parental occupational radiation exposure. Determination of the role of parental occupational exposure in induction of CMs in children is necessary to evaluate reliability of radiation protection standards Epidemiological studies conducted on the basis of Registries of children who were born in regions located near a nuclear complex may be useful for such evaluation. It is preferable to carry out such studies on the basis of population registries, since long follow-up in large populations allows to reveal increased frequency of even very rare forms of congenital abnormalities. In a case-control study of association of parental occupational exposure due to Hanford Nuclear Site and risk of CMs in their offspring there was no evidence of such an association (12, 13). Our investigation is conducted on the basis of the basis of the Registry of children of Ozyorsk. The whole Registry includes all children with 1948-1988 birth years show were born or-came to town at the age of 0-14 years, and were residents of these towns one

  18. The prevalence at birth of congenital malformations in the city of Ozyorsk located near the nuclear complex Mayak production association

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petrushkina, N. P.; Koshurnikova, N. A.; Okatenko, P. V.

    2004-07-01

    For many years possible genetic effects of exposure to ionizing radiation have been a subject of interest and concern, but data from studies of the risk of radiation-induced hereditary effects in humans are limited. the most extensive human studies of genetic effects were those conducted on the Japanese. A-bomb survivors. In These studies in investigators examined the association of various levels of radiation exposure and several different endpoints, including major congenital defects, stillbirth, death during the first week of life, survivals, and sex ratio and Down's syndrome (8, (14-16). Although associations of these outcomes with radiation exposure were in the positive direction, none were close to statistical significance. Only teratogenic effects of in utero exposure at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, microcephaly and mental retardation, have been observed (8, (10, 16)). Of most interest is possible association of congenital malformations (CMs) with parental occupational radiation exposure. Determination of the role of parental occupational exposure in induction of CMs in children is necessary to evaluate reliability of radiation protection standards Epidemiological studies conducted on the basis of Registries of children who were born in regions located near a nuclear complex may be useful for such evaluation. It is preferable to carry out such studies on the basis of population registries, since long follow-up in large populations allows to reveal increased frequency of even very rare forms of congenital abnormalities. In a case-control study of association of parental occupational exposure due to Hanford Nuclear Site and risk of CMs in their offspring there was no evidence of such an association (12, 13). Our investigation is conducted on the basis of the basis of the Registry of children of Ozyorsk. The whole Registry includes all children with 1948-1988 birth years show were born or-came to town at the age of 0-14 years, and were residents of these towns

  19. Study on birth defects in the perinatal in Haizhu District of Guangzhou from 2004 to 2008%广州市海珠区2004-2008年围产儿死亡出生缺陷监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏洁玲; 刘传勇; 袁瑷芹

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解广州市海珠区围产儿死亡病例中发生出生缺陷的种类及分布情况,探讨出生缺陷对围产儿死亡的影响.方法 数据来源于广州市各医院逐季上报的及汇总至省妇幼保健院的,本研究监测了2004年第四季度-2008年第三季度海珠区各所医院住院分娩孕28-w产后7d的围产儿死亡率和死亡围产儿中出生缺陷发生率.结果 监测广州市海珠区5年中围产儿48268例,围产儿死亡病例555例,围产儿死亡率为11.5‰,围产儿死亡中发生出生缺陷的220例,出生缺陷发生率为36.64%,其中胎儿水肿综合征、唇腭裂、脑积水、先天性心脏病和四肢畸形排在死亡围产儿出生缺陷发生的前5位.结论 出生缺陷是导致围产儿死亡的重要原因之一,应加强婚前生殖健康教育和医学检查,做好婚前保健,优生及孕产期保健,尽可能减少出生缺陷的发生.%Objective To investigate the types and distribution of perinatal death defects in Haizhu District of Guangzhou and look for of related factors birth defects.Methods The cases of perinatal were studied from the third quarter of 2004 to the third quarter of 2008 in most of hospitals in Haizhu District.The datas were from birth defects registration cards of Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangdong Province,which included the perinatal birth informations of every quarters from all hospitals.Results 48248 cases of perinatal of Haizhu District were monitored in this study.There are 555 cases of perinatal death and the perinatal mortality rate was 11.5‰.There were222 cases of perinatal birth defects of all perinatal deaths and the birth defect rate of perinatal death was 36.64%.Hydrops fetalis syndrome,cleft lip and palate,hydrocephalus,congenital heart disease and limb deformities are the top five defects in a variety of cases.Conclusion Birth defects is one of the major causes of perinatal death.It is important for us to promote reproduetive health

  20. Observing and analyzing of perinatal birth defect in Zhongshan city in decade%中山地区2000年~2008年围产儿出生缺陷监测分析及干预措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莹; 袁春雷; 杨孜; 彭学鸣; 张翠梅; 王冬娥

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To Evaluate the occurrence status of birth defects from 2000 to 2008 in Zhongshan city, Guangdong province by means of reviewing and analyzing some of the cases. Provide bases for service of health to draw up intervention measures.Methods: Analyzing the perinatal birth defect data from 2000 to 2008 in Zhongshan city, Guangdong province by means of reviewing.Results: From 2000 to 2008, the mean ratio of perinatal birth defect is 189. 7 per ten thousand. This presents an upward trend. The first five birth defect were: congenital heart disease, neural tube malformation, combined or excessive fingers or toes (polydactyly),α - Mediterranean - anaemia. Conclusion: In order to depress perinatal birth defect rate, we should pay more attention in not only to the work of education of the knowledge of health care before marriage or pregnancy, but also to the work of examination and diagnosis before delivery.%目的 通过回顾性分析中山市围产儿出生缺陷水平变化情况,探讨其影响因素,为卫生行政部门制订决策提供依据.方法 对2000年至2008年中山市国产儿出生缺陷资料进行分析.结果 2000年至2008年国产儿平均出生缺陷发生率为102/万,呈上升趋势.出生缺陷发生前5位的是:先天性心脏病、唇腭裂、神经管畸形、并多指(趾)、α-地中海贫血.结论 应进一步加强宣教、加强提高产前筛查水平及产前诊断,降低围产儿出生缺陷发生率.

  1. When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Upsetting News Reports? What to Say Vaccines: Which ... These are abnormalities of structure, function, or body chemistry that will require medical or surgical care or ...

  2. What Are the Types of Birth Defects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fee-nill-key-toe-NURR-ee-uh ) and hypothyroidism ( hahy-puh-THAHY-roi-diz-uhm ). Degenerative disorders. ... 30/2012 Related A-Z Topics Cerebral Palsy Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) Down Syndrome All related topics ...

  3. National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... do not know whether the amounts of pollution women are exposed to can affect their unborn babies. NBDPS researchers found that higher exposure to air pollutants related to car traffic, specifically nitrogen dioxide, was more common among mothers ...

  4. 青龙满族自治县育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识知晓情况现状及影响因素分析%Analysis of status and influence factors of women of childbearing age be-ing aware of birth defects knowledge in Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王民

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解青龙满族自治县育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识知晓情况现状及影响因素,以便有针对性地开展出生缺陷预防工作,降低出生缺陷发生率. 方法 随机抽取青龙满族自治县2014年1月~2015年7月符合生育政策、计划怀孕并参加免费孕前优生健康检查的1200名育龄妇女,使用自行设计的统一调查问卷,进行预防出生缺陷知识知晓情况自填式问卷调查. 结果 育龄妇女获取预防出生缺陷知识的途径形式单一,依次为书籍杂志、医院、网络等,预防出生缺陷知识的总知晓率仅为68%;影响育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识知晓情况的因素为年龄、文化水平、职业、经济条件等.其中20~32岁年龄段的人群高于33~39岁;大专及以上文化程度的人群高于其他文化长度的人群; 有固定工作的人群高于无固定工作的人群; 经济收入较高的人群高于经济收入较低的人群(P<0.01). 结论 青龙满族自治县育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识知晓率较低,应引起有关部门重视,应根据影响育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识知晓情况的因素,认真开展多种渠道的健康教育宣传,提高育龄妇女预防出生缺陷知识的知晓率,有效降低出生缺陷发生的风险.%Objective To know the status and influence factors of women of childbearing age being aware of birth de-fect knowledge in Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County to carry out targetedly the prevention work of birth defect and reduce the incidence rate of birth defect. Methods 1200 women of childbearing age who had met the requirement for pregnancy and were planning to have a baby and had participated in the free pre-pregnancy health examination for eu-genics from January 2014 to July 2015 were randomly selected.Self-designed and self-administrated unified question-naire was adopted to investigate the status of awareness of birth defect prevention knowledge. Results Women of child-bearing age got to

  5. Birth order and Risk of Childhood Cancer: A Pooled Analysis from Five U.S. States

    OpenAIRE

    Von Behren, Julie; Spector, Logan G.; Mueller, Beth A.; Carozza, Susan E.; Chow, Eric J.; Fox, Erin E; Horel, Scott; Johnson, Kimberly J.; McLaughlin, Colleen; Puumala, Susan E.; Ross, Julie A; Reynolds, Peggy

    2010-01-01

    The causes of childhood cancers are largely unknown. Birth order has been used as a proxy for prenatal and postnatal exposures, such as frequency of infections and in utero hormone exposures. We investigated the association between birth order and childhood cancers in a pooled case-control dataset. The subjects were drawn from population-based registries of cancers and births in California, Minnesota, New York, Texas, and Washington. We included 17,672 cases less than 15 years of age who were...

  6. Risk indicators of reduction limb defects.

    OpenAIRE

    Aro, T.; Heinonen, O P; Saxén, L

    1983-01-01

    The birth of a child with a reduction limb defect (RLD) was evaluated in relation to vaginal bleeding, threatened abortion, and other complications of pregnancy, placental weight, birth weight, family history, parental age, and the outcome of previous pregnancies. The material consisted of 453 cases of reduction limb defect and an equal number of non-malformed controls matched for time and place. The children were born in Finland during 1964-77. The cases with reduction limb defect without ad...

  7. Multicenter breast cancer collaborative registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Simon; Shats, Oleg; Fleissner, Elizabeth; Bascom, George; Yiee, Kevin; Copur, Mehmet; Crow, Kate; Rooney, James; Mateen, Zubeena; Ketcham, Marsha A; Feng, Jianmin; Sherman, Alexander; Gleason, Michael; Kinarsky, Leo; Silva-Lopez, Edibaldo; Edney, James; Reed, Elizabeth; Berger, Ann; Cowan, Kenneth

    2011-01-01

    The Breast Cancer Collaborative Registry (BCCR) is a multicenter web-based system that efficiently collects and manages a variety of data on breast cancer (BC) patients and BC survivors. This registry is designed as a multi-tier web application that utilizes Java Servlet/JSP technology and has an Oracle 11g database as a back-end. The BCCR questionnaire has accommodated standards accepted in breast cancer research and healthcare. By harmonizing the controlled vocabulary with the NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) or Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT), the BCCR provides a standardized approach to data collection and reporting. The BCCR has been recently certified by the National Cancer Institute's Center for Biomedical Informatics and Information Technology (NCI CBIIT) as a cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG(®)) Bronze Compatible product.The BCCR is aimed at facilitating rapid and uniform collection of critical information and biological samples to be used in developing diagnostic, prevention, treatment, and survivorship strategies against breast cancer. Currently, seven cancer institutions are participating in the BCCR that contains data on almost 900 subjects (BC patients and survivors, as well as individuals at high risk of getting BC). PMID:21918596

  8. Private provider participation in statewide immunization registries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cowan Anne E

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Population-based registries have been promoted as an effective method to improve childhood immunization rates, yet rates of registry participation in the private sector are low. We sought to describe, through a national overview, the perspectives of childhood immunization providers in private practice regarding factors associated with participation or non-participation in immunization registries. Methods Two mailed surveys, one for 264 private practices identified as registry non-participants and the other for 971 identified as registry participants, from 15 of the 31 states with population-based statewide immunization registries. Frequency distributions were calculated separately for non-participants and participants regarding the physician-reported factors that influenced decisions related to registry participation. Pearson chi-square tests of independence were used to assess associations among categorical variables. Results Overall response rate was 62% (N = 756. Among non-participants, easy access to records of vaccines provided at other sites (N = 101, 68% and printable immunization records (N = 82, 55% were most often cited as "very important" potential benefits of a registry, while the most commonly cited barriers to participation were too much cost/staff time (N = 36, 38% and that the practice has its own system for recording and monitoring immunizations (N = 35, 37%. Among registry participants, most reported using the registry to input data on vaccines administered (N = 326, 87% and to review immunization records of individual patients (N = 302, 81%. A minority reported using it to assess their practice's immunization coverage (N = 110, 29% or generate reminder/recall notices (N = 54, 14%. Few participants reported experiencing "significant" problems with the registry; the most often cited was cost/staff time to use the registry (N = 71, 20%. Conclusion Most registry participants report active participation with few

  9. 武昌地区13家助产机构2006至2009年围生儿出生缺陷分析%Birth Defects from 13 Midwifery Institution During the Year of 2006-2009 in Wuchang Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢媛; 李莹; 刘婷婷

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the situation , influencing factors, prognosis and diagnosis of the birth default in Wuchang region. Methods The results from 13 hospital studies on 28 542 births were analyzed by retrospective and statistics study from 2006 to 2009. Results 316 birth defects in a total of 28 542 births were monitored from 2006 to 2009, the birth defects rate was 1. 11 % (316/28 542). The first four leading diseases were congenital heart disease, anomaly of locomotor, digestive system and neurocanal.The influence factors of parturients' social relation on the birth default were family income, parturients' age and educational background. Compare to family monthly income less than 4000 yuan group, birth defects rate in family monthly income more than 8000 Renming bi yuan group was decreased (x2 = 10. 91, P<0.01). There had statistical significant difference of birth defects rate between the age from 25 to 35 group and the rest age group(P<0. 05). Also there had significant difference of birth defects rate between high school/college group and other educational background group(P<0. 05). The death rates of birth default (43.3%) was 101 times higher than non birth default 0. 43% (123/28 542). 37. 0% (117/316) cases were confirmed in prenatal diagnosis, which was the mainly method to diagnose of birth default. Conclusion The birth default has high death rates and influence by parturients. In order to increase the prenatal diagnosis of birth default and decrease the birth defaults rate, we should take measures to educate the parturients and avoid the high risk factors.%目的 探讨武昌地区助产机构围生儿出生缺陷发生状况、影响因素、确诊手段及预后.方法 按照对武昌地区13家助产机构2006年10月1日至2009年09月31日分娩的28 542例围生儿中316例(单胎)出生缺陷围生儿监测资料进行回顾性分析,对可能导致围生儿出生缺陷的相关因素包括家庭收入、产妇年龄、产妇学

  10. Windows registry forensics advanced digital forensic analysis of the Windows registry

    CERN Document Server

    Carvey, Harlan

    2011-01-01

    Harlan Carvey brings readers an advanced book on Windows Registry - the most difficult part of Windows to analyze in forensics! Windows Registry Forensics provides the background of the Registry to help develop an understanding of the binary structure of Registry hive files. Approaches to live response and analysis are included, and tools and techniques for postmortem analysis are discussed at length. Tools and techniques will be presented that take the analyst beyond the current use of viewers and into real analysis of data contained in the Registry. This book also has a DVD containing tools, instructions and videos.

  11. Maternal factors, medications, and drug exposure in congenital limb reduction defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froster, U G; Baird, P A

    1993-10-01

    As part of an ongoing study on all limb reduction defects occurring among 1,213,913 consecutive live births in the province of British Columbia, Canada, during 1952-1984, cases with documented maternal drug exposure and chronic maternal diseases were analyzed separately. This population-based study was made possible through the existence of an ongoing Health Surveillance Registry, which documents all infants born with congenital, genetic, or chronically handicapping conditions in the province of British Columbia. Strict rules of confidentiality are obeyed. For this part of the analysis of limb reduction defects, cases with documented maternal illness, drug abuse, and exposure to environmental hazards early in pregnancy were analyzed as a separate group to identify specific, recurring patterns of anomalies. A total of 51 cases with possibly related maternal factors were identified. Among them were five cases with maternal epilepsy, four cases with documented maternal diabetes, and three cases with uterine anomalies. Three infants, all born in 1962, had documented thalidomide exposure. It is rarely possible to identify particular teratogenic factors or specific maternal factors as etiologically related to the pattern of limb reduction defects or a spectrum of congenital malformations. Exposure to environmental factors during pregnancy is not reliably registered and can thus only occasionally be ascertained in retrospective studies. This means that very large numbers of cases and cross-referencing to other family members are required to assess whether a potential teratogen is related to limb defects or not. PMID:8143629

  12. Service registry design: an information service approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferreira Pires, Luis; Oostrum, van Arjen; Wijnhoven, Fons; Wang, J.

    2010-01-01

    A service registry is a Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) component that keeps a ‘catalogue’ of available services. It stores service specifications so that these specifications can be found by potential users. Discussions on the design of service registries currently focus on technical issues, wh

  13. 50 CFR 600.1410 - Registry process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Registry process. 600.1410 Section 600.1410 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... United States § 600.1410 Registry process. (a) A person may register through the NMFS web site at...

  14. The Western Denmark Cardiac Computed Tomography Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lene Hüche; Nørgaard, Bjarne Linde; Tilsted, Hans Henrik;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: As a subregistry to the Western Denmark Heart Registry (WDHR), the Western Denmark Cardiac Computed Tomography Registry (WDHR-CCTR) is a clinical database established in 2008 to monitor and improve the quality of cardiac computed tomography (CT) in Western Denmark. OBJECTIVE: We...

  15. Southern Saskatchewan Ticagrelor Registry experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dehghani P

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Payam Dehghani,1 Varun Chopra,1 Ali Bell,2 Sheila Kelly,1 Lori Zulyniak,2 Jeff Booker,1 Rodney Zimmermann,1 William Semchuk,2 Asim N Cheema,3 Andrea J Lavoie1 1Prairie Vascular Research Network, University of Saskatchewan, Regina, SK, 2Regina Qu’Appelle Health Region, Regina, SK, 3St Michael’s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Background: As ticagrelor enters into clinical use for acute coronary syndrome, it is ­important to understand patient/physician behavior in terms of appropriate use, adherence, and event rates. Methods: The Saskatchewan Registry is a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study that identifies consecutive patients started on ticagrelor. We aimed to evaluate both on- and off-label use, identify characteristics of patients who prematurely stop ticagrelor, and describe patient/physician behavior contributing to inappropriate stoppage of this medication. Results: From April 2012 to September 2013, 227 patients were initiated on ticagrelor, with a mean age of 62.2±12.1 years. The participants were 66% men and had a mean follow up of 157.4±111.7 days. Seventy-four patients (32.4% had off-label indications. Forty-seven patients (20.7% prematurely stopped ticagrelor and were more likely to be older, women, nonwhite, present with shock, and complain of dyspnea. Twenty-six of the 47 patients stopped ticagrelor inappropriately because of patient nonadherence (18 patients and physician advice (eight patients. A composite outcome event of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 8.8% of the entire cohort and was more likely to occur in those older then 65 years, those presenting with cardiogenic shock, and those who prematurely stopped ticagrelor. Conclusion: In this real-world registry of patients started on ticagrelor, a third have off-label indications and a fifth prematurely stop the medication. Premature discontinuation was an independent predictor of major

  16. CDC WONDER: Births

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Births (Natality) online databases in CDC WONDER report birth rates, fertility rates and counts of live births occurring within the United States to U.S....

  17. Prevalence, prenatal diagnosis and clinical features of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum: a registry-based study in Europe.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Barisic, Ingeborg

    2014-01-08

    Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum is a complex developmental disorder characterised mainly by anomalies of the ear, hemifacial microsomia, epibulbar dermoids and vertebral anomalies. The aetiology is largely unknown, and the epidemiological data are limited and inconsistent. We present the largest population-based epidemiological study to date, using data provided by the large network of congenital anomalies registries in Europe. The study population included infants diagnosed with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum during the 1990-2009 period from 34 registries active in 16 European countries. Of the 355 infants diagnosed with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, there were 95.8% (340\\/355) live born, 0.8% (3\\/355) fetal deaths, 3.4% (12\\/355) terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomaly and 1.5% (5\\/340) neonatal deaths. In 18.9%, there was prenatal detection of anomaly\\/anomalies associated with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, 69.7% were diagnosed at birth, 3.9% in the first week of life and 6.1% within 1 year of life. Microtia (88.8%), hemifacial microsomia (49.0%) and ear tags (44.4%) were the most frequent anomalies, followed by atresia\\/stenosis of external auditory canal (25.1%), diverse vertebral (24.3%) and eye (24.3%) anomalies. There was a high rate (69.5%) of associated anomalies of other organs\\/systems. The most common were congenital heart defects present in 27.8% of patients. The prevalence of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, defined as microtia\\/ear anomalies and at least one major characteristic anomaly, was 3.8 per 100 000 births. Twinning, assisted reproductive techniques and maternal pre-pregnancy diabetes were confirmed as risk factors. The high rate of different associated anomalies points to the need of performing an early ultrasound screening in all infants born with this disorder.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 8 January 2014; doi:10.1038\\/ejhg.2013.287.

  18. Low birth weight and male reproductive function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Main, K M; Jensen, R B; Asklund, C;

    2006-01-01

    size and function into adulthood. Current human data, however, are often based on highly selected hospital populations and lack precise distinctions between low birth weight, SGA, timing of growth restriction and a differentiation of catch-up growth patterns. Despite the methodological inadequacies of...... limited. Prospective studies, case-control investigations and registry surveys show that impaired intrauterine growth increases the risks of congenital hypospadias, cryptorchidism and testicular cancer approximately two- to threefold. Although few studies focus on the effect of intrauterine growth on male...

  19. 中国30个县(市)1993~2000年神经管畸形在出生人群中的患病率及变动趋势分析%Prevalence of neural tube defects at birth in 30 counties and cities of China, 1993-2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶荣伟; 李松; 郑俊池; 洪世欣; 陈新; 王太梅; 任爱国; 王丽娜; 李竹

    2002-01-01

    Objective:To describe the prevalence rates of neural tube defects (NTD) and yearly trends (1993-2000) in China. Methods: All the data were obtained from the Birth Defects Surveillance System in thirty counties/cities of China. The calculation of NTD prevalence rates and time trend analyses were based on the data for live (L) and stillbirths (S) only, the denominator used was total births (L+S). Linear regression analysis of the prevalence rate over years has been used to measure time trends. Results: In the period of 1993-2000, there were 1 264 neural tube defects among 1 189 126 total births in 30 counties/cities in China. The overall neural tube defects rate was 10.63 per 10000 births, and rates were higher (18.99 per 10 000 births) in the year 1993, lower (6.05 per 10 000 births) in 1998. The prevalence rates of anencephaly, spina bifida and encephalocele were 4.71,4.39 and 1.53 per 10 000 births respectively. Of all index NTD cases, anencephaly and spina bifida were most frequent, making up 44.3% and 41.3%, and encephalocele represented 14.4%. The stillbirth proportion was 69.3% over all index NTD cases, 95.4% in anencephaly cases, 43.7% in spina bifida, and 62.6% in encephalocele cases. Linear trend analysis indicated a significant decline for NTD rate (F=11.818, β=-0.814,P=0.014). Analysis by specific defect showed significant declines for the rates of anencephaly (P=0.004) and spina bifida (P=0.026), but no significant annual variation of encephalocele (P=0.227). Results of comparing with data reported from other surveillance systems (1994-1999) showed that the highest NTD rate (9.41 per 10000 births) was seen in China, nearly7 times the lowest rate (1.44 per 10000 births) in England and Wales. Conclusion: The overall neural tube defects rate in 30 counties/cities of China presented a significant downward trend between 1993 and 2000, and China still had the higher neural tube defects prevalence. %目的:描述中国30个县(市)1993

  20. A Wondrous Birth

    OpenAIRE

    McGrath, Kathy

    2007-01-01

    In this column, the author describes tending to a mother who displayed a quiet confidence throughout her pregnancy and birth experience. This birth story provides powerful support for women's inherent ability to give birth. Women already know what they need to give birth simply and easily.

  1. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): SDWIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  2. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RADINFO

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  3. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): BIA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  4. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): OIL

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link to the Oil...

  5. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RBLC

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  6. Substance Identification Information from EPA's Substance Registry

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Substance Registry Services (SRS) is the authoritative resource for basic information about substances of interest to the U.S. EPA and its state and tribal...

  7. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RMP

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  8. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RCRA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of hazardous waste...

  9. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ACRES

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of sites that link...

  10. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): LANDFILL

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of non-hazardous waste...

  11. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): TRI

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  12. EPA Facility Registry System (FRS): NEPT

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  13. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): NCDB

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  14. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ICIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  15. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): BRAC

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  16. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): NEI

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  17. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): CAMDBS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  18. [Taxonomy and definition of clinical registries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Giuseppe

    2015-09-01

    In order to assess the needs of knowledge about surveillance and registries in Italy and to prepare a proposal for the advancement of monitoring and recording capacity, a working group led by the Italian Association of Epidemiology and composed by the University of Turin, the Institute of Health and Agenas, carried out a survey of definitions and approaches used in public health and consulted the main Italian experts in surveillance and registries. Some of the reflections developed in this project are presented, to assess to which extent they are adaptable to the prospects the program PRIER aims to. Different aspects of the issue are analyzed: from the frame work necessary to identify information needs and how to improve the ability to measure and types of definitions and taxonomies of the registers, to the implications of the choices about what to include in registries on regulation of the instruments and investment priorities for new registries and surveillance. PMID:26418503

  19. EPA Facility Registry System (FRS): NCES

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  20. Temporal Analysis of Windows MRU Registry Keys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yuandong; Gladyshev, Pavel; James, Joshua

    The Microsoft Windows registry is an important resource in digital forensic investigations. It contains information about operating system configuration, installed software and user activity. Several researchers have focused on the forensic analysis of the Windows registry, but a robust method for associating past events with registry data values extracted from Windows restore points is not yet available. This paper proposes a novel algorithm for analyzing the most recently used (MRU) keys found in consecutive snapshots of the Windows registry. The algorithm compares two snapshots of the same MRU key and identifies data values within the key that have been updated in the period between the two snapshots. User activities associated with the newly updated data values can be assumed to have occurred during the period between the two snapshots.

  1. Linking Medicare, Medicaid, and Cancer Registry Data...

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Linking Medicare, Medicaid, and Cancer Registry Data to Study the Burden of Cancers in West Virginia In the United States, the elderly carry an unequal burden of...

  2. Veterans Affairs Central Cancer Registry (VACCR)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Veterans Affairs Central Cancer Registry (VACCR) receives and stores information on cancer diagnosis and treatment constraints compiled and sent in by the local...

  3. The United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries are unique parallel research programs devoted to the study of the actinide elements in man. The primary mission of the Registries is to verify and ensure the adequacy and applicability of radiation protection standards for the actinides. To accomplish this task, the Registries utilize tissues obtained postmortem from informed volunteer donors with confirmed or high likelihood of exposure to plutonium, americium, or other actinides. These are collected at autopsy and radiochemically analyzed for actinide content. The results, along with relevant details of occupational and exposure history, medical history and health physics data are used to determine the distribution, biokinetics and dosimetry of the actinides in humans, and to correlate estimates of deposition and dose made during life with postmortem findings. Other important applications of the Registries' research is scaling of animal studies to man and validation or refinement of biokinetic models on which the safety standards are based

  4. Prevalence of Visual Impairment in Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight School Age Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Mohammadzadeh

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Studies demonstrated that 5-10% of preschool children have visual impairment. By age seven, up to 13% of children will have some defect in visual acuity. Both prematurity and low birth weight have been associated with an increased incidence of ophthalmic disorders. In this study we determined prevalence of visual impairment in low birth weight and normal birth weight school age children in Mashhad.Methods: This is a cross sectional study. The target population consisted of all children referred to educational organizations for screening before entering school in Mashhad, Iran. 2400 children enrolled in the study and were evaluated for amblyopia, refractive errors, color vision disturbance and optic nerve problems. Data were analyzed by SPSS.Findings: Prevalence of ophthalmic problems in all children was 5.43% and in low birth weight and normal birth weight 8.29% and 5.74% respectively. Incidence of ophthalmic problems was significantly (P=0.029 higher in low birth weight children than in normal birth weight children. The most common ophthalmic disease in both low birth weight and normal birth weight children was refractive errors 81.5% vs. 68.8 % (P< 0.05. Prevalence of myopia, amblyopia and color vision disturbance was also higher in low birth weight than in normal birth weight children.Conclusion:Low birth weight children are at greater risk of the visual impairment that may occur at an early age and result in long term morbidity. Visual outcome of low birth weight neonates should be evaluated routinely.

  5. Prevalence of Visual Impairment in Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight School Age Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rana Amiri

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Studies demonstrated that 5-10% of preschool children have visual impairment. By age seven, up to 13% of children will have some defect in visual acuity. Both prematurity and low birth weight have been associated with an increased incidence of ophthalmic disorders. In this study we determined prevalence of visual impairment in low birth weight and normal birth weight school age children in Mashhad. Methods: This is a cross sectional study. The target population consisted of all children referred to educational organizations for screening before entering school in Mashhad, Iran. 2400 children enrolled in the study and were evaluated for amblyopia, refractive errors, color vision disturbance and optic nerve problems. Data were analyzed by SPSS. Findings: Prevalence of ophthalmic problems in all children was 5.43% and in low birth weight and normal birth weight 8.29% and 5.74% respectively. Incidence of ophthalmic problems was significantly (P=0.029 higher in low birth weight children than in normal birth weight children. The most common ophthalmic disease in both low birth weight and normal birth weight children was refractive errors 81.5% vs. 68.8 % (P<0.05. Prevalence of myopia, amblyopia and color vision disturbance was also higher in low birth weight than in normal birth weight children. Conclusion:Low birth weight children are at greater risk of the visual impairment that may occur at an early age and result in long term morbidity. Visual outcome of low birth weight neonates should be evaluated routinely.

  6. Patient registries for substance use disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tai B

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Betty Tai,1 Lian Hu,2 Udi E Ghitza,1 Steven Sparenborg,1 Paul VanVeldhuisen,2 Robert Lindblad2 1Center for the Clinical Trials Network, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA; 2The EMMES Corporation, Rockville, MD, USA Abstract: This commentary discusses the need for developing patient registries of substance use disorders (SUD in general medical settings. A patient registry is a tool that documents the natural history of target diseases. Clinicians and researchers use registries to monitor patient comorbidities, care procedures and processes, and treatment effectiveness for the purpose of improving care quality. Enactments of the Affordable Care Act 2010 and the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act 2008 open opportunities for many substance users to receive treatment services in general medical settings. An increased number of patients with a wide spectrum of SUD will initially receive services with a chronic disease management approach in primary care. The establishment of computer-based SUD patient registries can be assisted by wide adoption of electronic health record systems. The linkage of SUD patient registries with electronic health record systems can facilitate the advancement of SUD treatment research efforts and improve patient care. Keywords: substance use disorders, primary care, registry, electronic health records, chronic care model

  7. Atenção aos defeitos congênitos no Brasil: características do atendimento e propostas para formulação de políticas públicas em genética clínica Birth defects in Brazil and health care: proposals for public policies in clinical genetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dafne Dain Gandelman Horovitz

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O impacto dos defeitos congênitos no Brasil vem aumentando, apontando para a necessidade de estratégias específicas na política de saúde. Apesar da íntima ligação da genética clínica com a atenção aos defeitos congênitos, menos de 30% da demanda vem sendo absorvida pelos serviços do país. São problemas na atenção aos defeitos congênitos: dificuldades de acesso aos serviços de genética com concentração destes no Sul/Sudeste e suporte laboratorial insuficiente. Para melhor abordagem aos defeitos congênitos, ações para o estabelecimento de política em genética clínica deveriam ser deflagradas, preferencialmente sob coordenação de grupo técnico vinculado ao Ministério da Saúde, tendo como objetivo organizar rede clínico-laboratorial na especialidade. Ações visando à otimização de recursos e ao aumento da cobertura deverão ser consideradas. Para suporte laboratorial são prementes arranjos visando o fluxo de exames e criação de mecanismos de financiamento. Ações complementares de prevenção e registro epidemiológico dos defeitos congênitos, educação médica e do usuário são recomendadas. Com tais propostas contempladas, será possível a estruturação de uma rede regionalizada, hierarquizada e funcional, além de mais justa e mais democrática, voltada à atenção aos defeitos congênitos no Brasil.The impact of birth defects in Brazil has increased steadily, indicating the need for specific health policy strategies. Despite the close relationship between clinical genetics and management of birth defects, less than 30% of the total demand is currently met by existing genetic services. The main problems are: difficult access to genetic services, services highly concentrated in the South and Southeast regions of the country, and insufficient laboratory support. With the aim of improving management of birth defects, a specific national policy coordinated by the Ministry of Health needs to be

  8. Findings from the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome registry of Uruguay

    KAUST Repository

    Tchekmedyian, Asadur

    2013-11-19

    Background: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is characterized by intestinal polyposis, mucocutaneous pigmentation and an increased cancer risk, usually caused by mutations of the STK11 gene. This study collected epidemiological, clinical and genetic data from all Uruguayan PJS patients. Methods: Clinical data were obtained from public and private medical centers and updated annually. Sequencing of the STK11 gene in one member of each family was performed. Results and discussion: 25 cases in 11 unrelated families were registered (15 males, 10 females). The average age of diagnosis and death was 18 and 41 years respectively. All patients had characteristic PJS pigmentation and gastrointestinal polyps. 72% required urgent surgery due to intestinal obstruction. 3 families had multiple cases of seizure disorder, representing 20% of cases. 28% developed cancer and two patients had more than one cancer. An STK11 mutation was found in 8 of the 9 families analyzed. A unique M136K missense mutation was noted in one family. Comparing annual live births and PJS birth records from 1970 to 2009 yielded an incidence of 1 in 155,000. Conclusion: The Uruguayan Registry for Peutz-Jeghers patients showed a high chance of emergent surgery, epilepsy, cancer and shortened life expectancy. The M136K missense mutation is a newly reported STK 11 mutation. © 2013 Tchekmedyian et al.

  9. Findings from the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome registry of uruguay.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asadur Tchekmedyian

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS is characterized by intestinal polyposis, mucocutaneous pigmentation and an increased cancer risk, usually caused by mutations of the STK11 gene. This study collected epidemiological, clinical and genetic data from all Uruguayan PJS patients. METHODS: Clinical data were obtained from public and private medical centers and updated annually. Sequencing of the STK11 gene in one member of each family was performed. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: 25 cases in 11 unrelated families were registered (15 males, 10 females. The average age of diagnosis and death was 18 and 41 years respectively. All patients had characteristic PJS pigmentation and gastrointestinal polyps. 72% required urgent surgery due to intestinal obstruction. 3 families had multiple cases of seizure disorder, representing 20% of cases. 28% developed cancer and two patients had more than one cancer. An STK11 mutation was found in 8 of the 9 families analyzed. A unique M136K missense mutation was noted in one family. Comparing annual live births and PJS birth records from 1970 to 2009 yielded an incidence of 1 in 155,000. CONCLUSION: The Uruguayan Registry for Peutz-Jeghers patients showed a high chance of emergent surgery, epilepsy, cancer and shortened life expectancy. The M136K missense mutation is a newly reported STK 11 mutation.

  10. Maternal and birth characteristics in relation to childhood leukaemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podvin, Danise; Kuehn, Carrie M; Mueller, Beth A; Williams, Michelle

    2006-07-01

    Our objective was to investigate the association of childhood leukaemia with selected maternal and birth characteristics by conducting a population-based case-control study using linked cancer registry and birth certificate records for Washington State. We compared maternal and infant characteristics of 595 Washington-born residents neonatal jaundice (OR 1.5; 95% CI 1.1, 2.1), and Down's syndrome (OR 31.3; 95% CI 6.4, 153.4) were associated with an increased risk of leukaemia. Among women with 2+ pregnancies, having at least two prior early (knowledge of inherent and possibly prenatal influences on the occurrence of this disease. PMID:16879503

  11. PCCR: Pancreatic Cancer Collaborative Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Simon; Shats, Oleg; Ketcham, Marsha A; Anderson, Michelle A; Whitcomb, David C; Lynch, Henry T; Ghiorzo, Paola; Rubinstein, Wendy S; Sasson, Aaron R; Grizzle, William E; Haynatzki, Gleb; Feng, Jianmin; Sherman, Alexander; Kinarsky, Leo; Brand, Randall E

    2011-01-01

    The Pancreatic Cancer Collaborative Registry (PCCR) is a multi-institutional web-based system aimed to collect a variety of data on pancreatic cancer patients and high-risk subjects in a standard and efficient way. The PCCR was initiated by a group of experts in medical oncology, gastroenterology, genetics, pathology, epidemiology, nutrition, and computer science with the goal of facilitating rapid and uniform collection of critical information and biological samples to be used in developing diagnostic, prevention and treatment strategies against pancreatic cancer. The PCCR is a multi-tier web application that utilizes Java/JSP technology and has Oracle 10 g database as a back-end. The PCCR uses a "confederation model" that encourages participation of any interested center, irrespective of its size or location. The PCCR utilizes a standardized approach to data collection and reporting, and uses extensive validation procedures to prevent entering erroneous data. The PCCR controlled vocabulary is harmonized with the NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) or Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT). The PCCR questionnaire has accommodated standards accepted in cancer research and healthcare. Currently, seven cancer centers in the USA, as well as one center in Italy are participating in the PCCR. At present, the PCCR database contains data on more than 2,700 subjects (PC patients and individuals at high risk of getting this disease). The PCCR has been certified by the NCI Center for Biomedical Informatics and Information Technology as a cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG(®)) Bronze Compatible product. The PCCR provides a foundation for collaborative PC research. It has all the necessary prerequisites for subsequent evolution of the developed infrastructure from simply gathering PC-related data into a biomedical computing platform vital for successful PC studies, care and treatment. Studies utilizing data collected in the PCCR may engender new approaches

  12. Planned place of birth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Charlotte; Coxon, Kirstie; Stewart, Mary

    Title Planned place of birth: issues of choice, access and equity. Outline In Northern European countries, giving birth is generally safe for healthy women with uncomplicated pregnancies, and their babies. However, place of birth can affect women’s outcomes and experiences of birth. Whilst tertiary...... Denmark Coxon K et al: Planned place of birth in England: perceptions of accessing obstetric units, midwife led units and home birth amongst women and their partners. How these papers interrelate These papers draw upon recent research in maternity care, undertaken in Denmark and in England. In both...

  13. Planned hospital birth versus planned home birth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, O.; Clausen, J.A.

    2012-01-01

    Observational studies of increasingly better quality and in different settings suggest that planned home birth in many places can be as safe as planned hospital birth and with less intervention and fewer complications. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 1998....

  14. Database and Registry Research in Orthopaedic Surgery: Part 2: Clinical Registry Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugely, Andrew J; Martin, Christopher T; Harwood, Jared; Ong, Kevin L; Bozic, Kevin J; Callaghan, John J

    2015-11-01

    The use of large-scale national databases for observational research in orthopaedic surgery has grown substantially in the last decade, and the data sets can be categorized as either administrative claims or clinical registries. Clinical registries contain secondary data on patients with a specific diagnosis or procedure. The data are typically used for patient outcome surveillance to improve patient safety and health-care quality. Registries used in orthopaedic research exist at the regional, national, and international levels, and many were designed to specifically collect outcomes relevant to orthopaedics, such as short-term surgical complications, longer-term outcomes (implant survival or reoperations), and patient-reported outcomes. Although heterogeneous, clinical registries-in contrast to claims data-typically have a more robust list of variables, with relatively precise prospective data input, management infrastructure, and reporting systems. Some weaknesses of clinical registries include a smaller number of patients, inconstant follow-up duration, and use of sampling methods that may limit generalizability. Within the U.S., national joint registry adoption has lagged international joint registries. Given the changing health-care environment, it is likely that clinical registries will provide valuable information that has the potential to influence clinical practice improvement and health-care policy in the future. PMID:26537168

  15. Triptan safety during pregnancy: a Norwegian population registry study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge on triptan safety during pregnancy remains limited to their class effect or studies on sumatriptan. Our aim was to evaluate the individual effect of four most frequently used triptans on several pregnancy outcomes. We used the Norwegian prescription database to access information on triptans redeemed by pregnant women living in Norway between 2004 and 2007. This database was linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway covering every institutional delivery in Norway and providing information on pregnancy, delivery, maternal and neonatal health. Estimates of associations with pregnancy outcomes were obtained by Generalised Estimation Equations analysis. Of the 181,125 women in our study, 1,465 (0.8 %) redeemed triptans during pregnancy, and 1,095 (0.6 %) redeemed triptans before pregnancy only (disease comparison group). The population comparison group comprised the remaining 178,565 women. Using this group as reference, we found no associations between triptan redemption during pregnancy and congenital malformations. Second trimester redemption was associated with postpartum haemorrhage (adjusted OR 1.57; 95 % CI 1.19–2.07). The disease comparison group had an increased risk of major congenital malformations (adjusted OR 1.48; 95 % CI 1.11–1.97), low birth weight (adjusted OR 1.39; 95 % CI 1.08–1.81), and preterm birth (adjusted OR 1.30; 95 % CI 1.06–1.60). The association of triptans with postpartum hemorrhage could be attributable to decreased platelet agreeability occurring in severe migraine. Likewise, the increased risk of major congenital malformations and other adverse pregnancy outcomes in the disease comparison group might be attributable to migraine severity

  16. Social aspects of low birth weight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, H G

    1984-05-01

    well as maternal habits, the quality of nutrition and health care for mother and child, and other "culture factors." The following seem important facets of the management of low birth weight children: optimal obstetric and perinatal care; "bonding" by parents visiting the intensive care nursery and handling the infant; anticipatory guidance; regular pediatric follow-up for at-risk infants; infant stimulation; early correction of refractive errors, strabismus, other visual defects, hearing defects and orthopedic deformities; and developmental assessments and school readiness tests. PMID:6713335

  17. Birth control pills - combination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birth control pills help keep you from getting pregnant. When taken daily, they are one of the most effective ... periods Treat acne Prevent ovarian cancer Combination birth control pills contain both estrogen and progestin. Some combination ...

  18. Birth Control Explorer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Relationships STIs Media Facebook Twitter Tumblr Shares · 5 Birth Control Explorer Sort by all methods most effective methods ... 100% effective method of birth control. LEARN MORE IUD An IUD is a T-shaped device that ...

  19. The National Mental Health Registry (NMHR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aziz, A A; Salina, A A; Abdul Kadir, A B; Badiah, Y; Cheah, Y C; Nor Hayati, A; Ruzanna, Z Z; Sharifah Suziah, S M; Chee, K Y

    2008-09-01

    The National Mental Health Registry (NMHR) collects information about patients with mental disorder in Malaysia. This information allows us to estimate the incidence of selected mental disorders, and to evaluate risk factors and treatment in the country. The National Mental Health Registry (NMHR) presented its first report in 2004, a year after its establishment. The report focused on schizophrenia as a pioneer project for the National Mental Health Registry. The development of the registry has progressed with data collected from government-based facilities, the academia and the private sector. The 2003-2005 report was recently published and distributed. Since then the registry has progressed to include suicides and other mental illnesses such as depression. The NMHR Report 2003-2005 provides detailed information about the profile of persons with Schizophrenia who presented for the first time to various psychiatry and mental health providers throughout Malaysia. More detailed description regarding pharmacotherapy is reported and few cross tabulations done in an effort to provide better understanding and more clinically meaningful reports. PMID:19227671

  20. Birth Control Shot

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Birth Control Shot KidsHealth > For Teens > Birth Control Shot Print A A A Text Size What's ... La inyección anticonceptiva What Is It? The birth control shot is a long-acting form of progesterone, ...

  1. Birth Control Ring

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Birth Control Ring KidsHealth > For Teens > Birth Control Ring Print A A A Text Size What's ... Anillo vaginal anticonceptivo What Is It? The birth control ring is a soft, flexible, doughnut-shaped ring ...

  2. Birth Control Pill

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Birth Control Pill KidsHealth > For Teens > Birth Control Pill Print A A A Text Size What's ... La píldora anticonceptiva What Is It? The birth control pill (also called "the Pill") is a daily ...

  3. Birth Control Patch

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Birth Control Patch KidsHealth > For Teens > Birth Control Patch Print A A A Text Size What's ... Does It Cost? What Is It? The birth control patch is a thin, beige, 1¾-inch (4½- ...

  4. Saving lives at birth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daysal, N. Meltem; Trandafir, Mircea; van Ewijk, Reyn

    2015-01-01

    Many developed countries have recently experienced sharp increases in home birth rates. This paper investigates the impact of home births on the health of low-risk newborns using data from the Netherlands, the only developed country where home births are widespread. To account for endogeneity in...

  5. Congenital Anomalies Associated with Trisomy 18 or Trisomy 13 : A Registry-Based Study in 16 European Countries, 2000-2011

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Springett, Anna; Wellesley, Diana; Greenlees, Ruth; Loane, Maria; Addor, Marie-Claude; Arriola, Larraitz; Bergman, Jorieke; Cavero-Carbonell, Clara; Csaky-Szunyogh, Melinda; Draper, Elizabeth S.; Garne, Ester; Gatt, Miriam; Haeusler, Martin; Khoshnood, Babak; Klungsoyr, Kari; Lynch, Catherine; Dias, Carlos Matias; McDonnell, Robert; Nelen, Vera; O'Mahony, Mary; Pierini, Anna; Queisser-Luft, Annette; Rankin, Judith; Rissmann, Anke; Rounding, Catherine; Stoianova, Sylvia; Tuckerz, David; Zymak-Zakutnia, Natalya; Morris, Joan K.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of trisomies 18 and 13 in Europe and the prevalence of associated anomalies. Twenty-five population-based registries in 16 European countries provided data from 2000-2011. Cases included live births, fetal deaths (20+ weeks' gestation), and termina

  6. Iodide-trapping defect of the thyroid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe a grossly hypothyroid 50-year-old woman, mentally retarded since birth. On the basis of her history of recurrent goitre, absence of 131I neck uptake and a low saliva/plasma 131I ratio, congenital hypothyroidism due to a defect of the iodide-trapping mechanism was diagnosed. Other family members studied did not have the defect

  7. Analysis of pregnancy and infant health outcomes among women in the National Smallpox Vaccine in Pregnancy Registry who received Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conlin, Ava Marie S; Bukowinski, Anna T; Gumbs, Gia R

    2015-08-26

    The National Smallpox Vaccine in Pregnancy Registry (NSVIPR) actively follows women inadvertently vaccinated with smallpox vaccine during or shortly before pregnancy to evaluate their reproductive health outcomes. Approximately 65% of NSVIPR participants also inadvertently received Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) while pregnant, providing a ready opportunity to evaluate pregnancy and infant health outcomes among these women. AVA-exposed pregnancies were ascertained using NSVIPR and electronic healthcare data. Rates of pregnancy loss and infant health outcomes, including major birth defects, were compared between AVA-exposed and AVA-unexposed pregnancies. Analyses included AVA-exposed and AVA-unexposed pregnant women who also received smallpox vaccine 28 days prior to or during pregnancy. Rates of adverse outcomes among the AVA-exposed group were similar to or lower than expected when compared with published reference rates and the AVA-unexposed population. The findings provide reassurance of the safety of AVA when inadvertently received by a relatively young and healthy population during pregnancy. PMID:26049005

  8. Is low back pain in youth associated with weight at birth?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hestbæk, Lise; Leboeuf-Yde, Charlotte; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm; Manniche, Claus

    2003-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Low back pain has been associated with an increased risk of several diseases and with poor general health. Also low birth weight has been associated with an increased susceptibility to various diseases as well as with poor general health. Thus, low birth weight could be a common...... factor--indicating a general frailty with an increased risk of both low back pain and overall morbidity. To our knowledge, the association between low back pain and birth weight has not previously been investigated. This study investigates the correlation between birth characteristics and low back pain...... in adolescence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analyses are based on data from The Danish Twin Registry. Information about low back pain is from a postal survey, and information about birth characteristics are from The Danish Medical Birth Register. Analyses include 8278 individuals aged 12-22 years--an age...

  9. The Creation Of The National Registry Of Rare Diseases In The Slovak Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cisárik F.

    2014-08-01

    Its creation builds on the existing registries as well as on the structure of health care in the Slovak Republic. With the protection of personal data in mind, the collection of data will be carried out by the National Centre of Health Information (NCHI, which will also use the existing tool in the process of creation. Thanks to the cooperation between NCHI and the Slovak Society of Medical Genetics, NCHI developed separate reporting forms on rare diseases according to OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man and ORPHANET rare disease coding (ORPHA codes of rare diseases, and the International classification of diseases code (ICD 10. The activities also include cooperation with the existing registries (part of which are rare diseases. For example National Registry of Congenital Developmental Heart Defects, national register of neuromuscular disorders, oncologic register or register of diabetes mellitus. Gathering the information from these registries we will extend the data about rare diseases in the Slovak republic. At the international level the participation in the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT is important.

  10. Novel features of 3q29 deletion syndrome: Results from the 3q29 registry

    OpenAIRE

    Glassford, Megan R.; Jill A. Rosenfeld; Freedman, Alexa A.; Michael E Zwick; ,; Mulle, Jennifer G.

    2016-01-01

    3q29 deletion syndrome is caused by a recurrent, typically de novo heterozygous 1.6 Mb deletion, but because incidence of the deletion is rare (1 in 30,000 births) the phenotype is not well described. To characterize the range of phenotypic manifestations associated with 3q29 deletion syndrome, we have developed an online registry (3q29deletion.org) for ascertainment of study subjects and phenotypic data collection via Internet‐based survey instruments. We report here on data collected during...

  11. The Savant Syndrome Registry: A Preliminary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treffert, Darold A; Rebedew, David L

    2015-08-01

    A registry has been established to document certain characteristics on a sizeable worldwide sample of individuals with savant syndrome, a rare but remarkable condition in which persons with developmental disabilities, brain injury, or brain disease have some spectacular "islands" of skill or ability that stand in jarring, marked contrast to overall handicap. Of the 319 savants included in the registry, 90% are congenital savants, while 10% are acquired savants. The registry includes individuals from 33 countries, with 70% from the United States or Canada. Sex distribution was 79% male vs. 21% female (4:1). This report summarizes the findings in the congenital savant syndrome category of the registry. Among the individuals with congenital savant syndrome, the most common underlying disability was Autistic Spectrum Disorder (75%); various other central nervous system (CNS) disorders were present in the other 25%. Fifty-five percent possessed a single special skill, while 45% had multiple skills. Music was the most frequent principal skill followed by art, memory, mathematics, calendar calculating, language, visual-spatial/mechanical, athletic, computer, extrasensory perception, and other skills. PMID:26436185

  12. [The Austrian Stroke-Unit-Registry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofer, Christine; Kiechl, Stefan; Lang, Wilfried

    2008-01-01

    Since 2003 the Austrian Stroke-Unit-Registry has been administered by the Gesundheit Osterreich GmbH. A total of 26 out of the 32 existing Stroke Units in Austria take part in the project, financed by the Federal Ministry of Health and accompanied by a steering group. This paper provides a description of the objectives, organisation, methodology and the data set of the registry. The main objective of the registry is quality assurance and quality improvement of stroke-treatment in stroke units. Therefore, the participating stroke units document their cases using a web-based database. The data are discussed in the steering group and the stroke units get feedback in terms of benchmarking-graphs. The data set follows a modular approach and contains information about stroke, transport, admission to the hospital, stroke unit discharge and the 3-month follow-up. Between 2003 and 2007 about 27,000 cases (containing about 20,000 strokes) were documented in the registry. PMID:18766309

  13. An active registry for bioinformatics web services.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pettifer, S.; Thorne, D.; McDermott, P.; Attwood, T.; Baran, J.; Bryne, J.C.; Hupponen, T.; Mowbray, D.; Vriend, G.

    2009-01-01

    SUMMARY: The EMBRACE Registry is a web portal that collects and monitors web services according to test scripts provided by the their administrators. Users are able to search for, rank and annotate services, enabling them to select the most appropriate working service for inclusion in their bioinfor

  14. International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Introduction The mission of the WHO Intemational Clinical Trials Registry Platform is to ensure that a complete view of research is accessible to all those involved in health care decision making.This will improve research transparency and will ultimately strengthen tha validity and value of the scientific evidence base.The registration of all interventional trials is a scientific, ethical and moral responsibility.

  15. Prevalence of neural tube defects in South Australia, 1966-91: effectiveness and impact of prenatal diagnosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, A.; Robertson, E F; Haan, E. A.; Keane, R J; De Ranieri, E.; Carney, A

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To determine trends in total prevalence of neural tube defects in South Australia during 1966-91, the impact of prenatal diagnosis on birth prevalence, and the effectiveness of prenatal screening for neural tube defects in 1986-91. DESIGN--All births and terminations of pregnancy affected by neural tube defects and information on prenatal screening were ascertained from multiple sources including the South Australian perinatal and abortion statistics collections, birth defects regi...

  16. A review of national shoulder and elbow joint replacement registries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jeppe V; Olsen, Bo S; Fevang, Bjørg-Tilde S; Furnes, Ove; Skytta, Eerik T; Rahme, Hans; Salomonsson, Björn; Mohammed, Khalid D; Page, Richard S; Carr, Andrew J

    2012-01-01

    The aim was to review the funding, organization, data handling, outcome measurements, and findings from existing national shoulder and elbow joint replacement registries; to consider the possibility of pooling data between registries; and to consider wether a pan european registry might be feasible....

  17. 20 CFR 655.144 - Electronic job registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... order posted on the Electronic Job Registry until the end of 50 percent of the contract period as set... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Electronic job registry. 655.144 Section 655... Certification § 655.144 Electronic job registry. (a) Location of and placement in the electronic job...

  18. The Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry. History, data collection and validity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch-Henriksen, N; Rasmussen, S; Stenager, E;

    2001-01-01

    The Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry was formally established in 1956 but started operating in 1949 with a nationwide prevalence survey. Since then, the Registry has continued collecting data on new and old cases of multiple sclerosis (MS) or suspected MS from multiple sources. The Registry...

  19. 37 CFR 201.25 - Visual Arts Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Visual Arts Registry. 201.25... AND PROCEDURES GENERAL PROVISIONS § 201.25 Visual Arts Registry. (a) General. This section prescribes the procedures relating to the submission of Visual Arts Registry Statements by visual artists...

  20. Defect modelling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calculations, drawing principally on developments at AERE Harwell, of the relaxation about lattice defects are reviewed with emphasis on the techniques required for such calculations. The principles of defect modelling are outlined and various programs developed for defect simulations are discussed. Particular calculations for metals, ionic crystals and oxides, are considered. (UK)

  1. Associations between ozone and preterm birth in women who develop gestational diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-Ting; Jung, Chau-Ren; Lee, Yungling Leo; Hwang, Bing-Fang

    2015-02-15

    Prenatal exposure to ambient air pollutants might cause adverse birth outcomes; however, there have been few studies in which the association between air pollution and preterm birth was examined after stratifying by pregnancy complications. We conducted a population-based case-control study of 1,510,064 singleton births from the Taiwanese birth registry during 2001-2007. Of the total of 1,510,064 births, we designated all 86,224 preterm births as the case group and then randomly selected an additional 344,896 from the remaining births (equivalent to 4 full-term births for every 1 preterm birth) as the control sample. We used an inverse distance weighting approach to calculate an average exposure parameter for air pollutants. The adjusted odds ratio for preterm birth per 10-ppb increase in ozone was 1.12 (95% confidence interval: 1.01, 1.23) for women with gestational diabetes mellitus who were exposed in the third trimester and 1.02 (95% confidence interval: 1.01, 1.03) for women without gestational diabetes (P for interaction <0.001). These findings suggest that exposure to ozone in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, particularly for women who have gestational diabetes mellitus. PMID:25652551

  2. Jonah’s Birth

    OpenAIRE

    Goldstein, Rachel

    2012-01-01

    Rachel Goldstein shares her experience of exploring options related to care provider and place of birth early in her pregnancy. Goldstein and her husband, Marc, after reading and research, chose midwifery care and a home birth. She shares the story of a long labor at home supported by her husband, her doula, and her midwife. Her positive attitude, her ability to use various comfort strategies, and the support she received throughout labor contributed to being able to give birth naturally and ...

  3. Family structure histories and high school completion: Evidence from a population based registry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Strohschein

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses a life course approach to investigate the association between family structure histories and high school completion. Using data from a population-based data registry for the 1984 Manitoba birth cohort, we selected a sample of children born or adopted at birth into a married two-parent household (n = 9,403 and derived family structure histories for each child to the age of 18. Marital disruption occurred for 1,834 children (19.5%, with 337 children (3.6% of the total sample experiencing multiple changes in family structure. Logistic regression models showed that children who experienced marital dissolution before the age of 18 were significantly less likely to complete high school than children in intact households, and that children who were younger at the time of a first transition were more vulnerable than children who were older when their parents’ marriage ended. Further work is needed to

  4. Towards a national trauma registry for the United Arab Emirates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barka Ezedin

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trauma is a major health problem in the United Arab Emirates (UAE as well as worldwide. Trauma registries provide large longitudinal databases for analysis and policy improvement. We aim in this paper to report on the development and evolution of a national trauma registry using a staged approach by developing a single-center registry, a two-center registry, and then a multi-center registry. The three registries were established by developing suitable data collection forms, databases, and interfaces to these databases. The first two registries collected data for a finite period of time and the third is underway. The steps taken to establish these registries depend on whether the registry is intended as a single-center or multi-center registry. Findings Several issues arose and were resolved during the development of these registries such as the relational design of the database, whether to use a standalone database management system or a web-based system, and the usability and security of the system. The inclusion of preventive medicine data elements is important in a trauma registry and the focus on road traffic collision data elements is essential in a country such as the UAE. The first two registries provided valuable data which has been analyzed and published. Conclusions The main factors leading to the successful establishment of a multi-center trauma registry are the development of a concise data entry form, development of a user-friendly secure web-based database system, the availability of a computer and Internet connection in each data collection center, funded data entry personnel well trained in extracting medical data from the medical record and entering it into the computer, and experienced personnel in trauma injuries and data analysis to continuously maintain and analyze the registry.

  5. From institutionalized birth to home birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Fróes de Oliveira Sanfelice

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to describe the experiences of a group of nurse-midwives from the city of Campinas, SP, Brasil, regarding the transition process from attending institutionalized births to attending home births, in the period 2011 – 2013. The study is of the experience report type; the reflections, perceptions and challenges experienced in this process were collected using the technique of brainstorming. Content analysis, as proposed by Bardin, was used, which yielded four thematic categories: a the hospital experience; b living with obstetric violence; c returning home and d the challenges of home care. It is concluded that attending home births offers greater satisfaction to the nurses, even in the face of various obstacles, as it is possible to offer a care to the woman and new-born which covers both the concept of comprehensiveness and the current scientific recommendations.

  6. Birth outcomes of women with celiac disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Bente; Fonager, Kirsten; Sørensen, Henrik Toft;

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine birthweight, low birthweight (<2500 g), and intrauterine growth retardation in offspring of women with celiac disease in relation to their first hospitalization for the disease. METHODS: This was a historical cohort study based on The Danish Medical Birth Registry...... data of celiac women discharged from Danish hospitals from 1977-1992. The study included 211 newborns to 127 mothers with celiac disease, and 1260 control deliveries. RESULTS: Before celiac women were first hospitalized the mean birthweight of their newborns was 238 g (95% confidence interval [95% CI......] = 150, 325 g) lower than that of the control women, after adjustment for potential confounders. After the first hospitalization the mean birthweight for newborns of diseased women was higher than that of controls, by 67 g (95% CI = -88, 223 g) after adjustment for potential confounders. Before celiac...

  7. Birth control failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sophocles, A M

    1986-10-01

    Birth control failure usually results from the incorrect or inconsistent use of contraceptives. By providing anticipatory counseling, based on an understanding of the reasons for birth control failure, family physicians can help curtail the current epidemic of unwanted pregnancies. PMID:3766356

  8. Birth Month Affects Longevity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abel, Ernest L.; Kruger, Michael L.

    2010-01-01

    The authors examined the association between birth month and longevity for major league baseball players. Players born in the month of November had the greatest longevities whereas those born in June had the shortest life spans. These differences remained after controlling for covariates such as birth year, career length, age at debut, height, and…

  9. A Season for Birth

    OpenAIRE

    Budin, Wendy C.

    2008-01-01

    In this column, the editor of the Journal of Perinatal Education reflects on changing seasons and how birth remains a constant wonder. The editor also describes the contents of this issue, which offer a broad range of resources, research, and inspiration for childbirth educators in their efforts to promote normal birth.

  10. Safely Giving Birth

    OpenAIRE

    Budin, Wendy C.

    2008-01-01

    In this column, the editor of the Journal of Perinatal Education discusses the growing challenge of assuring a safe birth. The editor also describes the contents of this issue, which offer a broad range of resources, research, and inspiration for childbirth educators in their efforts to promote, support, and protect normal birth.

  11. 南宁市江南区孕妇出生缺陷预防知识态度行为调查%Investigation on attitude and behavior of pregnant women on birth defect prevention knowledge in Jiangnan District of Nanning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾江辉; 李建民; 梁秀云; 卢庆; 潘革; 梁少林; 杨兰

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解南宁市江南区孕妇对出生缺陷相关知识的知晓情况、获得途径和态度行为,为出生缺陷干预工作的服务方式和途径拓展思路。方法对2014年6~12月到该院产科初次建立围生期保健手册的孕妇进行问卷调查。结果共收回问卷1408份,其中有效问卷1362份,有效应答率96.73%。调查结果显示,孕妇对预防出生缺陷相关知识知晓率为2.94%~98.24%。除5项外(共计20项),其他项的知晓率均随着文化程度的增高而提高( P<0.05)。对预防出生缺陷相关知识获得途径主要是网络、手机(62.70%)和书刊、报纸(57.64%)。婚前医学检查率为96.77%,孕前医学检查率为33.26%,产前医学检查率为96.99%,计划妊娠率为61.82%。结论孕妇普遍知晓预防出生缺陷的基本知识,但不全面,大多数孕妇对优生有积极的态度和行为。依托网络和手机平台可扩大孕妇健康教育的广度和深度,提供更便捷、更有效的途径服务于大众。%Objective To understand the awareness situation ,acquiring route ,attitude and behaviors of birth defect related knowledge among the pregnant women in Jiangnan District of Nanning City in order to expand the thinking for the service mode and route of birth defect intervention work .Methods A questionnaire survey was per‐formed among the pregnant women with establishment of the perinatal health care manual in the obstetric department of the hospital from June to December 2014 .Results 1 408 questionnaires were recovered ,in which 1362 question‐naires were valid with the effective response rate of 96 .73% .The survey results indicated the awareness rate towards the birth defect prevention related knowledge ranged 2 .94% -96 .73% .Except for 5 items(sum to 20 items) ,the awareness rates of other items were increased with their education level (P<0 .05) .The acquiring routes of preven

  12. Thyroid Cancer and Tumor Collaborative Registry (TCCR)

    OpenAIRE

    Shats, Oleg; Goldner, Whitney; Feng, Jianmin; Sherman, Alexander; Smith, Russell B.; Sherman, Simon

    2016-01-01

    A multicenter, web-based Thyroid Cancer and Tumor Collaborative Registry (TCCR, http://tccr.unmc.edu) allows for the collection and management of various data on thyroid cancer (TC) and thyroid nodule (TN) patients. The TCCR is coupled with OpenSpecimen, an open-source biobank management system, to annotate biospecimens obtained from the TCCR subjects. The demographic, lifestyle, physical activity, dietary habits, family history, medical history, and quality of life data are provided and may ...

  13. Charity, Publicity, and the Donation Registry

    OpenAIRE

    Cooter, Robert D; Broughman, Brian

    2005-01-01

    Many Americans donate little or nothing to charity. Our social environment is the cause, not human nature. Experiments show that people are generous when their contributions are observable by others. Taking advantage of this fact, we propose a small policy change to increase transparency and elicit generosity. Specifically, we propose that the IRS establish a voluntary donation registry to publicize the proportion of income that individuals donate to charity. Although participation would be v...

  14. Charity, Publicity, and the Donation Registry

    OpenAIRE

    Cooter, Robert D; Broughman, Brian

    2005-01-01

    Many Americans donate little or nothing to charity. Our social environment is the cause, not human nature. Experiments show that people are generous when their contributions are observable by others. Taking advantage of this fact, we propose a small policy change to increase transparency and elicit generosity. Specifically, we propose that the IRS establish a voluntary donation registry to publicize the proportion of income that individuals donate to charity. Although participation would ...

  15. Registry of Mineral and Petroleum Titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maclellan, I. M.; Kaizer, J. L.; McCulloch, P. D.; Ratcliffe, R.; Wenning, A. S. [Nova Scotia Dept. of Natural Resources, Halifax, NS (Canada)

    2000-07-01

    Activities of the Nova Scotia Registry of Mineral and Petroleum Titles are described, including statistical information about staking and mining activity in the province during 1999. In terms of activities, the Registry receives applications and issues licenses and leases for mineral and petroleum rights, receives statements of exploration expenditures and assessment reports that pertain to renewal of licenses and leases, maintains maps showing the disposition of lands under license or lease, and maintains a system of prospector registration. In addition, the Registry processes applications for underground gas storage rights and treasure trove rights and maintains a database of information concerning production and employment in Nova Scotia mines and quarries. At the end 1999 there were 230,660 hectares under exploration licence. Exploration expenditures, including engineering, economic and feasibility studies during 1999 totalled $4.2 million, mostly by junior mining companies searching for industrial mineral commodities. Mining activity during 1999 generated revenues of $340 million. Coal production dropped by 25 per cent, due mainly to the closure of the Phalen Mine. Gypsum production was up to 7.9 million tonnes; shipments of cement, barite and clay products also increased during 1999; salt production remained unchanged from 1998 with 842,000 tonnes. Production of construction aggregates totalled 10.6 million tonnes, down slightly from the year before. Mineral industry employment was roughly 2,500 persons, down by 24 per cent from 1998 levels, due primarily to the closure of the Phalen Mine.

  16. Cancer risk among patients with congenital heart defects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Morten; Garne, Ester; Sværke, Claus;

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess cancer risk in congenital heart defect patients, with and without Down's syndrome, compared with the general population. METHODS: We identified all patients born and diagnosed with congenital heart defects from 1977 to 2008 using the Danish National Registry of...... Patients, covering all Danish hospitals. We compared cancer incidence in the congenital heart defect cohort with that expected in the general population (∼5.5 million) using the Danish Cancer Registry, and computed age- and gender-standardised incidence ratios. RESULTS: We identified 15,905 congenital...... heart defect patients, contributing a total of 151,172 person-years at risk; the maximum length of follow-up was 31 years (median 8 years). In all, 53 patients were diagnosed with cancer, including 30 female and 23 male patients (standardised incidence ratio = 1.63; 95% confidence interval: 1...

  17. Adolescent Births 2010-2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — http://tinyurl.com/AdolescentBirthRatesMap, http://tinyurl.com/PercentOfRepeatBirthsMap, http://tinyurl.com/PercentOfBirthsInHighPoverty. This dataset contains...

  18. Evolution of the Birth Plan

    OpenAIRE

    Kaufman, Tamara

    2007-01-01

    Many birth professionals are discarding the birth plan as an outdated and ineffectual document. This column discusses the past limitations and present uses of the birth plan in an effort to enhance current teaching on how expectant parents can write and use this important document. Encouraging expectant parents to prepare two separate, but corresponding, birth plans—the “Discussion Birth Plan” and the “Hospital Birth Plan”—is proposed. Teaching suggestions and possible implications are explor...

  19. Preeclampsia complicated by advanced maternal age: a registry-based study on primiparous women in Finland 1997–2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamminpää Reeta

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preeclampsia is a frequent syndrome and its cause has been linked to multiple factors, making prevention of the syndrome a continuous challenge. One of the suggested risk factors for preeclampsia is advanced maternal age. In the Western countries, maternal age at first delivery has been steadily increasing, yet few studies have examined women of advanced maternal age with preeclampsia. The purpose of this registry-based study was to compare the obstetric outcomes in primiparous and preeclamptic women younger and older than 35 years. Methods The registry-based study used data from three Finnish health registries: Finnish Medical Birth Register, Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and Register of Congenital Malformations. The sample contained women under 35 years of age (N = 15,437 compared with those 35 and over (N = 2,387 who were diagnosed with preeclampsia and had their first singleton birth in Finland between 1997 and 2008. In multivariate modeling, the main outcome measures were Preterm delivery (before 34 and 37 weeks, low Apgar score (5 min., small-for-gestational-age, fetal death, asphyxia, Cesarean delivery, induction, blood transfusion and admission to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Results Women of advanced maternal age (AMA exhibited more preeclampsia (9.4% than younger women (6.4%. They had more prior terminations (25 ( Conclusions Preeclampsia is more common in women with advanced maternal age. Advanced maternal age is an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes in first-time mothers with preeclampsia.

  20. Scans Show Range of Zika-Linked Infant Brain Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... most closely linked to a birth defect called microcephaly -- an abnormally small head and an underdeveloped brain, ... of a new study said. But along with microcephaly, other brain abnormalities can also occur in fetuses ...

  1. National dose registry in Switzerland - ten years of experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swiss National Dose Registry came into operation 1990. In the ten years of operating, the Registry has proved to be a valuable instrument for monitoring, controlling and registering of occupational radiation exposure in the country. When the Registry was designed, three focal points were taken into account: the Registry should fit in the rather complicated organization of the personal dosimetry in Switzerland, it should allow very high flexibility for future developments (computer and database technologies) and it should be possible to use it actively for different purposes and not only as an archive database. The experience has shown that the features of the Registry that allow fulfilling these conditions are crucial to a perfect operation of the Registry. (author)

  2. [Influence of registries on the quality of care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stengel, D; Dreinhöfer, K; Kostuj, T

    2016-06-01

    Registries are a topic of lively debate amongst all stakeholders in healthcare, politics and economics. In general, registries are national or international (prospective) databases documenting the current state of diagnostic, therapeutic and long-term outcome variables of subjects with a distinct condition or health problem. The access to and handling of registry information is subject to strict legal, methodological and ethical principles and regulations before these data can be scientifically utilized and reentered into the routine daily practice. Because of the representativeness and reality of data, registries are widely regarded as the backbone of health systems and budgets.Currently there is only indirect evidence that registries influence outcomes and the quality of care. Recent statistical techniques may allow quasi-experimental modelling of observational information. In orthopedic and trauma surgery, current and upcoming registries should be wisely utilized to develop and evaluate innovations and to make informed decisions relevant to care. PMID:27164976

  3. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... after they're born. We also give a shot of vitamin K. That helps control bleeding. There's ... born. Parents can elect to have their hepatitis shot also given at birth or they can elect ...

  4. Preterm Labor and Birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... births can also take a heavy emotional and economic toll on families. 5 American College of Obstetricians ... Dimes. (2012). The March of Dimes Foundation Data Book for Policy Makers: Maternal, Infant, and Child Health ...

  5. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... experience the miracle of birth during a live Internet broadcast from Shawnee Mission Medical Center in Merriam, ... Actually, data would indicate that those kinds of issues with bladder problems and reproductive tract prolapse can ...

  6. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Actually, data would indicate that those kinds of issues with bladder problems and reproductive tract prolapse can ... birth versus a repeat cesarean delivery. There's an issue called placenta accreta, which if you have multiple ...

  7. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... experience the miracle of birth during a live Internet broadcast from Shawnee Mission Medical Center in Merriam, ... later if you prefer. Now let me turn things over to the obstetrician performing the delivery to ...

  8. Accredited Birth Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 717-933-9743 Accredited since January 2016 100 Bright Eyes Midwifery and Wild Rivers Women's Health Accredited ... Birthing Center-Cedar Park Accredited 1130 Cottonwood Creek Trail Building D Suite 2 Cedar Park, TX 78613 ...

  9. Emmetropisation following preterm birth

    OpenAIRE

    Saunders, K J; McCulloch, D L; Shepherd, A.J.; Wilkinson, A. G.

    2002-01-01

    Background/aims: Even in the absence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), premature birth signals increased risk for abnormal refractive development. The present study examined the relation between clinical risk factors and refractive development among preterm infants without ROP.

  10. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... I know that we have a very formal process in our office for patients with a prior ... with a vaginal birth, we have a formalized process where we go through an information sheet that ...

  11. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to be able to schedule the birth. Some women have a preference for a cesarean delivery because ... subject doesn't really come up. But in women with a prior uterine incision that's compatible with ...

  12. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... you will experience the miracle of birth during a live Internet broadcast from Shawnee Mission Medical Center ... hour, operating surgeon Dr. Leah Ridgway will perform a caesarean section delivery while Dr. Reagan Wittek will ...

  13. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... experience the miracle of birth during a live Internet broadcast from Shawnee Mission Medical Center in Merriam, ... to learn more. Just click on the "request information" button on your webcast screen and open the ...

  14. Wealthy Flou Birth Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    China’s family planning policies have come under criticism for failing to con birth rates among wealthy families A ccording to the family planning policies, Hong Youfu, a restaurant owner in Fangcun District of

  15. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... after delivery. And that's over here so that mom can hear the baby and the baby will ... So we don't encourage elective first-time moms having a cesarean birth. 00:09:12 LEAH ...

  16. Prevalence at birth of congenital malformations in communities near the Hanford site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors examined the prevalence of congenital malformations among births in Benton and Franklin counties, in southeastern Washington State, from 1968 through 1980. The Hanford Site is in this area and serves as a major employer. In addition, various agriculturally and chemically related activities are in the area. Hospital and vital records were used to identify 454 malformation cases among 23,319 births; this yielded a malformation rate of 19.6 per 1000 births, a rate similar to those reported in other studies. The rates of specific malformations ascertained during the first year of life were compared with combined rates from the states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho from the Birth Defects Monitoring Program. Among defects that would be expected to be comparably ascertained, a statistically significant elevated rate of neural tube defects was observed (1.72 per 1000 births vs. 0.99 per 1000). Rates of cleft lip were significantly lower in Benton and Franklin counties than in the Birth Defects Monitoring Program (0.59 per 1,000 vs. 1.17 per 1000). For congenital heart defects, pyloric stenosis, and Down syndrome, which are often not diagnosed in the newborn period, Birth Defects Monitoring Program data did not offer appropriate comparisons. The rates of these defects did not appear to be elevated in relation to rates found in other relevant populations. When rates of neural tube defects were compared with those in populations other than the Birth Defects Monitoring Program, the Benton and Franklin county rates were still considered to be elevated. The increased bicounty rate cannot be explained by employment of the parents at Hanford or by the impact of plant emissions on the local population

  17. Cancer, Infant Mortality and Birth Sex-Ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005–2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malak Hamdan

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available There have been anecdotal reports of increases in birth defects and cancer in Fallujah, Iraq blamed on the use of novel weapons (possibly including depleted uranium in heavy fighting which occurred in that town between US led forces and local elements in 2004. In Jan/Feb 2010 the authors organised a team of researchers who visited 711 houses in Fallujah, Iraq and obtained responses to a questionnaire in Arabic on cancer, birth defects and infant mortality. The total population in the resulting sample was 4,843 persons with and overall response rate was better than 60%. Relative Risks for cancer were age-standardised and compared to rates in the Middle East Cancer Registry (MECC, Garbiah Egypt for 1999 and rates in Jordan 1996–2001. Between Jan 2005 and the survey end date there were 62 cases of cancer malignancy reported (RR = 4.22; CI: 2.8, 6.6; p < 0.00000001 including 16 cases of childhood cancer 0-14 (RR = 12.6; CI: 4.9, 32; p < 0.00000001. Highest risks were found in all-leukaemia in the age groups 0-34 (20 cases RR = 38.5; CI: 19.2, 77; p < 0.00000001, all lymphoma 0–34 (8 cases, RR = 9.24;CI: 4.12, 20.8; p < 0.00000001, female breast cancer 0–44 (12 cases RR = 9.7;CI: 3.6, 25.6; p < 0.00000001 and brain tumours all ages (4 cases, RR = 7.4;CI: 2.4, 23.1; P < 0.004. Infant mortality was based on the mean birth rate over the 4 year period 2006–2009 with 1/6th added for cases reported in January and February 2010. There were 34 deaths in the age group 0–1 in this period giving a rate of 80 deaths per 1,000 births. This may be compared with a rate of 19.8 in Egypt (RR = 4.2 p < 0.00001 17 in Jordan in 2008 and 9.7 in Kuwait in 2008. The mean birth sex-ratio in the recent 5-year cohort was anomalous. Normally the sex ratio in human populations is a constant with 1,050 boys born to 1,000 girls. This is disturbed if there is a genetic damage stress. The ratio of boys to 1,000 girls in the 0–4, 5–9, 10–14 and 15–19 age cohorts in

  18. Cancer, infant mortality and birth sex-ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busby, Chris; Hamdan, Malak; Ariabi, Entesar

    2010-07-01

    There have been anecdotal reports of increases in birth defects and cancer in Fallujah, Iraq blamed on the use of novel weapons (possibly including depleted uranium) in heavy fighting which occurred in that town between US led forces and local elements in 2004. In Jan/Feb 2010 the authors organised a team of researchers who visited 711 houses in Fallujah, Iraq and obtained responses to a questionnaire in Arabic on cancer, birth defects and infant mortality. The total population in the resulting sample was 4,843 persons with and overall response rate was better than 60%. Relative Risks for cancer were age-standardised and compared to rates in the Middle East Cancer Registry (MECC, Garbiah Egypt) for 1999 and rates in Jordan 1996-2001. Between Jan 2005 and the survey end date there were 62 cases of cancer malignancy reported (RR = 4.22; CI: 2.8, 6.6; p < 0.00000001) including 16 cases of childhood cancer 0-14 (RR = 12.6; CI: 4.9, 32; p < 0.00000001). Highest risks were found in all-leukaemia in the age groups 0-34 (20 cases RR = 38.5; CI: 19.2, 77; p < 0.00000001), all lymphoma 0-34 (8 cases, RR = 9.24;CI: 4.12, 20.8; p < 0.00000001), female breast cancer 0-44 (12 cases RR = 9.7;CI: 3.6, 25.6; p < 0.00000001) and brain tumours all ages (4 cases, RR = 7.4;CI: 2.4, 23.1; P < 0.004). Infant mortality was based on the mean birth rate over the 4 year period 2006-2009 with 1/6th added for cases reported in January and February 2010. There were 34 deaths in the age group 0-1 in this period giving a rate of 80 deaths per 1,000 births. This may be compared with a rate of 19.8 in Egypt (RR = 4.2 p < 0.00001) 17 in Jordan in 2008 and 9.7 in Kuwait in 2008. The mean birth sex-ratio in the recent 5-year cohort was anomalous. Normally the sex ratio in human populations is a constant with 1,050 boys born to 1,000 girls. This is disturbed if there is a genetic damage stress. The ratio of boys to 1,000 girls in the 0-4, 5-9, 10-14 and 15-19 age cohorts in the Fallujah sample were 860

  19. Cancer, Infant Mortality and Birth Sex-Ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005–2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busby, Chris; Hamdan, Malak; Ariabi, Entesar

    2010-01-01

    There have been anecdotal reports of increases in birth defects and cancer in Fallujah, Iraq blamed on the use of novel weapons (possibly including depleted uranium) in heavy fighting which occurred in that town between US led forces and local elements in 2004. In Jan/Feb 2010 the authors organised a team of researchers who visited 711 houses in Fallujah, Iraq and obtained responses to a questionnaire in Arabic on cancer, birth defects and infant mortality. The total population in the resulting sample was 4,843 persons with and overall response rate was better than 60%. Relative Risks for cancer were age-standardised and compared to rates in the Middle East Cancer Registry (MECC, Garbiah Egypt) for 1999 and rates in Jordan 1996–2001. Between Jan 2005 and the survey end date there were 62 cases of cancer malignancy reported (RR = 4.22; CI: 2.8, 6.6; p < 0.00000001) including 16 cases of childhood cancer 0–14 (RR = 12.6; CI: 4.9, 32; p < 0.00000001). Highest risks were found in all-leukaemia in the age groups 0–34 (20 cases RR = 38.5; CI: 19.2, 77; p < 0.00000001), all lymphoma 0–34 (8 cases, RR = 9.24;CI: 4.12, 20.8; p < 0.00000001), female breast cancer 0–44 (12 cases RR = 9.7;CI: 3.6, 25.6; p < 0.00000001) and brain tumours all ages (4 cases, RR = 7.4;CI: 2.4, 23.1; P < 0.004). Infant mortality was based on the mean birth rate over the 4 year period 2006–2009 with 1/6th added for cases reported in January and February 2010. There were 34 deaths in the age group 0–1 in this period giving a rate of 80 deaths per 1,000 births. This may be compared with a rate of 19.8 in Egypt (RR = 4.2 p < 0.00001) 17 in Jordan in 2008 and 9.7 in Kuwait in 2008. The mean birth sex-ratio in the recent 5-year cohort was anomalous. Normally the sex ratio in human populations is a constant with 1,050 boys born to 1,000 girls. This is disturbed if there is a genetic damage stress. The ratio of boys to 1,000 girls in the 0–4, 5–9, 10–14 and 15–19 age cohorts in the

  20. Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, Stephen P

    2015-01-01

    The ANZDATA Registry includes all patients treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT) throughout Australia and New Zealand. Funding is predominantly from government sources, together with the non-government organization Kidney Health Australia. Registry operations are overseen by an Executive committee, and a Steering Committee with wide representation. Data is collected from renal units throughout Australia and New Zealand on a regular basis, and forwarded to the Registry. Areas covered in...

  1. Prostate Cancer Registries: Current Status and Future Directions

    OpenAIRE

    Gandaglia, G; Bray, F.; Cooperberg, MR; Karnes, RJ; Leveridge, MJ; Moretti, K; Murphy, DG; Penson, DF; Miller, DC

    2016-01-01

    © 2015 European Association of Urology. Context: Disease-specific registries that enroll a considerable number of patients play a major role in prostate cancer (PCa) research. Objective: To evaluate available registries, describe their strengths and limitations, and discuss the potential future role of PCa registries in outcomes research. Evidence acquisition: We performed a literature review of the Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases. The search strategy included the terms prostate...

  2. The range of neural tube defects in southern India.

    OpenAIRE

    Kulkarni, M L; Mathew, M A; Reddy, V

    1989-01-01

    During a prospective study of 3500 consecutive births from November 1985 to January 1987 at three hospitals, 40 babies were found to have neural tube defects, an extremely high incidence (11.4/1000 births). The defects comprised anencephaly (n = 18), meningomyelocele (n = 11), Arnold-Chiari deformity (n = 3), encephalocele (n = 3), iniencephaly (n = 2), and one each of occipital meningocele, spina bifida occulta, and anencephaly with rachischisis. There were significant differences in inciden...

  3. Congenital cardiac defect in a pygmy goat (Capra hircus)

    OpenAIRE

    Laus, Fulvio; COPPONI, Ilenia; Cerquetella, Matteo; FRUGANTI, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    Congenital cardiac defects are anatomic conditions present at birth. Few references to such conditions in goats are available in the current scientific literature. This report describes, for the first time, a congenital cardiac disease clinically characterized by polypnea from birth and exercise intolerance in a 2-month-old pygmy goat. An atrioventricular dysplasia known as Ebstein's anomaly, an atrial septal defect, and a mild subaortic stenosis were ultrasonographically diagnosed.

  4. Changing trend of neural tube defects in eastern Turkey.

    OpenAIRE

    Güvenc, H; Uslu, M A; Güvenc, M; Ozekici, U; Kocabay, K.; Bektaş, S

    1993-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to study the relationship between birth prevalence of neural tube defect (including anencephaly) in Eastern Turkey before and after the Chernobyl disaster. DESIGN--This was a prospective study of time trends in live births and stillbirths over the years 1985-1990. Medical and sociodemographic data were recorded for the mothers. SETTING--Elazig, Eastern Turkey. SUBJECTS--There were 5240 live births and stillbirths during the study period, 24 of whom had neural tube...

  5. Show Me The Data: The Pilot UK Research Data Registry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Ball

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The UK Research Data (Metadata Registry (UKRDR pilot project is implementing a prototype registry for the UK’s research data assets, enabling the holdings of subject-based data centres and institutional data repositories alike to be searched from a single location. The purpose of the prototype is to prove the concept of the registry, and uncover challenges that will need to be addressed if and when the registry is developed into a sustainable service. The prototype is being tested using metadata records harvested from nine UK data centres and the data repositories of nine UK universities.

  6. The Danish Cerebral Palsy Registry. A registry on a specific impairment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldall, P; Michelsen, S I; Topp, M;

    2001-01-01

    form. The uptake area is eastern Denmark, covering about 50% of the population, but the rest of Denmark is planned to be included from 2001. The Registry is large, well established and validated, and the definitions and collection procedures have not changed through several decades. It therefore has...

  7. The defect

    CERN Document Server

    Kuhlmann, Franz-Viktor

    2010-01-01

    We give an introduction to the valuation theoretical phenomenon of "defect", also known as "ramification deficiency". We describe the role it plays in deep open problems in positive characteristic: local uniformization (the local form of resolution of singularities), the model theory of valued fields, the structure theory of valued function fields. We give several examples of algebraic extensions with non-trivial defect. We indicate why Artin-Schreier defect extensions play a central role and describe a way to classify them. Further, we give an overview of various results about the defect that help to tame or avoid it, in particular "stability" theorems and theorems on "henselian rationality", and show how they are applied. Finally, we include a list of open problems.

  8. Periviable birth: Interim update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecker, Jeffrey L; Kaimal, Anjali; Mercer, Brian M; Blackwell, Sean C; deRegnier, Raye Ann O; Farrell, Ruth M; Grobman, William A; Resnik, Jamie L; Sciscione, Anthony C

    2016-08-01

    Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth. These include, but are not limited to, nonmodifiable factors (eg, fetal sex, weight, plurality), potentially modifiable antepartum and intrapartum factors (eg, location of delivery, intent to intervene by cesarean delivery or induction for delivery, administration of antenatal corticosteroids and magnesium sulfate), and postnatal management (eg, starting or withholding and continuing or withdrawing intensive care after birth). Antepartum and intrapartum management options vary depending upon the specific circumstances but may include short-term tocolytic therapy for preterm labor to allow time for administration of antenatal steroids, antibiotics to prolong latency after preterm premature rupture of membranes or for intrapartum group B streptococci prophylaxis, and delivery, including cesarean delivery, for concern regarding fetal well-being or fetal malpresentation. Whenever possible, periviable births for which maternal or neonatal intervention is planned should occur in centers that offer expertise in maternal and neonatal care and the needed infrastructure, including intensive care units, to support such services. This document describes newborn outcomes after periviable birth, provides current evidence and recommendations regarding interventions in this setting, and provides an outline for family counseling with the goal of

  9. #3: Periviable birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecker, Jeffrey L; Kaimal, Anjali; Mercer, Brian M; Blackwell, Sean C; deRegnier, Raye Ann O; Farrell, Ruth M; Grobman, William A; Resnik, Jamie L; Sciscione, Anthony C

    2015-11-01

    Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth. These include, but are not limited to, nonmodifiable factors (eg, fetal sex, weight, plurality), potentially modifiable antepartum and intrapartum factors (eg, location of delivery, intent to intervene by cesarean delivery or induction for delivery, administration of antenatal corticosteroids and magnesium sulfate), and postnatal management (eg, starting or withholding and continuing or withdrawing intensive care after birth). Antepartum and intrapartum management options vary depending upon the specific circumstances but may include short-term tocolytic therapy for preterm labor to allow time for administration of antenatal steroids, antibiotics to prolong latency after preterm premature rupture of membranes or for intrapartum group B streptococci prophylaxis, and delivery, including cesarean delivery, for concern regarding fetal well-being or fetal malpresentation. Whenever possible, periviable births for which maternal or neonatal intervention is planned should occur in centers that offer expertise in maternal and neonatal care and the needed infrastructure, including intensive care units, to support such services. This document describes newborn outcomes after periviable birth, provides current evidence and recommendations regarding interventions in this setting, and provides an outline for family counseling with the goal of

  10. Thyroid Cancer and Tumor Collaborative Registry (TCCR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shats, Oleg; Goldner, Whitney; Feng, Jianmin; Sherman, Alexander; Smith, Russell B; Sherman, Simon

    2016-01-01

    A multicenter, web-based Thyroid Cancer and Tumor Collaborative Registry (TCCR, http://tccr.unmc.edu) allows for the collection and management of various data on thyroid cancer (TC) and thyroid nodule (TN) patients. The TCCR is coupled with OpenSpecimen, an open-source biobank management system, to annotate biospecimens obtained from the TCCR subjects. The demographic, lifestyle, physical activity, dietary habits, family history, medical history, and quality of life data are provided and may be entered into the registry by subjects. Information on diagnosis, treatment, and outcome is entered by the clinical personnel. The TCCR uses advanced technical and organizational practices, such as (i) metadata-driven software architecture (design); (ii) modern standards and best practices for data sharing and interoperability (standardization); (iii) Agile methodology (project management); (iv) Software as a Service (SaaS) as a software distribution model (operation); and (v) the confederation principle as a business model (governance). This allowed us to create a secure, reliable, user-friendly, and self-sustainable system for TC and TN data collection and management that is compatible with various end-user devices and easily adaptable to a rapidly changing environment. Currently, the TCCR contains data on 2,261 subjects and data on more than 28,000 biospecimens. Data and biological samples collected by the TCCR are used in developing diagnostic, prevention, treatment, and survivorship strategies against TC. PMID:27168721

  11. The national registry for radiation workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Registry for Radiation Workers (NRRW) was set up by the National Radiological Protection Board in 1976. The analysis of registry data has four aims: a) To determine whether there is any evidence of differences in the causes of and ages at death of workers exposed to different levels of radiation and, if any differences are found, whether it seems likely that they can be attributed to radiation. b) To estimate the magnitude of the risk, if any differences are found, that seem likely to be attributable to radiation. c) To estimate bounds to the possible risk for particular types of malignancy, such as leukemia. d) To compare the mortality experience of radiation workers with national mortality data and also with that of other industrial groups for whom data exist. If current estimates of the risks of ionizing radiation are correct, very few deaths will be induced in the study population and it will be impossible to detect them statistically. The NRRW currently includes records for over 60,000 individuals. 6 refs

  12. Thyroid Cancer and Tumor Collaborative Registry (TCCR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shats, Oleg; Goldner, Whitney; Feng, Jianmin; Sherman, Alexander; Smith, Russell B.; Sherman, Simon

    2016-01-01

    A multicenter, web-based Thyroid Cancer and Tumor Collaborative Registry (TCCR, http://tccr.unmc.edu) allows for the collection and management of various data on thyroid cancer (TC) and thyroid nodule (TN) patients. The TCCR is coupled with OpenSpecimen, an open-source biobank management system, to annotate biospecimens obtained from the TCCR subjects. The demographic, lifestyle, physical activity, dietary habits, family history, medical history, and quality of life data are provided and may be entered into the registry by subjects. Information on diagnosis, treatment, and outcome is entered by the clinical personnel. The TCCR uses advanced technical and organizational practices, such as (i) metadata-driven software architecture (design); (ii) modern standards and best practices for data sharing and interoperability (standardization); (iii) Agile methodology (project management); (iv) Software as a Service (SaaS) as a software distribution model (operation); and (v) the confederation principle as a business model (governance). This allowed us to create a secure, reliable, user-friendly, and self-sustainable system for TC and TN data collection and management that is compatible with various end-user devices and easily adaptable to a rapidly changing environment. Currently, the TCCR contains data on 2,261 subjects and data on more than 28,000 biospecimens. Data and biological samples collected by the TCCR are used in developing diagnostic, prevention, treatment, and survivorship strategies against TC. PMID:27168721

  13. Encouraging Health Information Management Graduates to Pursue Cancer Registry Careers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    The cancer registry profession has grown dramatically since its inception in 1926. Certified tumor registrars (CTRs) have become an integral part of the cancer care team by providing quality cancer data for research, statistical purposes, public health, and cancer control. In addition, CTRs have been found to be valuable in other cancer and health-related fields. Based on the need for high-quality, accurate data, the National Cancer Registrars Association (NCRA), the certification body for CTRs, has increased the educational requirement for eligibility for the CTR certification exam. This has resulted in fewer individuals who are able to meet the requirements for CTR certification. In addition, the existing cancer registry workforce is, on average, older than other allied health professions, and therefore will face an increasing number of retirements in the next few years. The high demand for CTRs, the decreased pool of CTR-eligible applicants, and the aging cancer registry workforce has resulted in an existing shortage that will only get worse as the population ages and the incidence of cancer increases. Health information management (HIM) students are well suited to pursuing further training in the cancer registry field and gaining the CTR credential. HIM students or new graduates have the needed skill set and education to pursue a cancer registry career. There are many avenues HIM educational programs can take to encourage students to pursue CTR certification and a cancer registry career. Including cancer registry functions in courses throughout the HIM curriculum, bringing in cancer registry speakers, encouraging networking, and promoting the cancer registry field and profession in general are just a few of the methods that HIM programs can use to raise awareness of and promote a cancer registry career to their students. Illinois State University has used these methods and has found them to be successful in encouraging a percentage of their graduates to pursue

  14. Cancer, Infant Mortality and Birth Sex-Ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005–2009

    OpenAIRE

    Malak Hamdan; Entesar Ariabi; Chris Busby

    2010-01-01

    There have been anecdotal reports of increases in birth defects and cancer in Fallujah, Iraq blamed on the use of novel weapons (possibly including depleted uranium) in heavy fighting which occurred in that town between US led forces and local elements in 2004. In Jan/Feb 2010 the authors organised a team of researchers who visited 711 houses in Fallujah, Iraq and obtained responses to a questionnaire in Arabic on cancer, birth defects and infant mortality. The total population in the resulti...

  15. Fetal growth and preterm birth in children exposed to maternal or paternal rheumatoid arthritis. A nationwide cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rom, Ane L; Wu, Chunsen; Olsen, Jørn;

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess indicators of fetal growth and risk of preterm birth in children of parents with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Through linkage of Danish national registries, we identified all children born in Denmark between 1977 and 2008. We used general linear regression models to...... estimate mean differences in indicators of fetal growth among children with a parent with RA compared to unexposed children. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of preterm birth were calculated using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the 1,917,723 children included, a total of......, indicators of fetal growth measured at birth were only slightly lower than those in unexposed children....

  16. Twin births: an overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjivani Anil Wanjari

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the maternal, foetal and obstetric parameters surrounding twin pregnancies. An attempt was made to find out the perinatal mortality and morbidity rates of twin births and to determine the underlying factors responsible for the increase in these rates. Methods: A one year observational study was done at Daga hospital Nagpur, which is a referral maternity hospital receiving a large number of antenatal patients daily. Perinatal mortality and morbidity rates, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, route of delivery, and caesarean section rates were analysed. Results: The commonest presentation in our study vertex/vertex presentation (62%. A large percentage of twins in our study had a normal delivery. 37% women had caesarean section. In our study nearly 17% of the neonates had birth weights <1.5 kg. In 51 % women the first baby had more birth weight than the second twin. Among the 95 twin births (190 twins studied, we had one discordant twins and one conjoined twins. Conclusions: Twin pregnancies are high risk pregnancies with more obstetrical complications compared to singleton pregnancies. Twin pregnancies have higher perinatal mortality and morbidity rates especially before 34 weeks of gestation. Hence deliveries should be performed in referral centres with competent NICUs. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2014; 3(4.000: 995-997

  17. Risk of breast cancer following fertility treatment – A registry based cohort study of parous women in Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reigstad, Marte Myhre; Larsen, Inger Kristin; Myklebust, Tor Åge; Robsahm, Trude Eid; Oldereid, Nan Birgitte; Omland, Anne Katerine; Vangen, Siri; Brinton, Louise Annette; Storeng, Ritsa

    2014-01-01

    Despite increasing numbers of women availing themselves of assisted reproductive technology (ART), effects on cancer risk remain unresolved. Given hormonal exposures, breast cancer risk is of particular concern. The aim of this study is to investigate breast cancer risk amongst women giving birth following ART as compared to that amongst women who gave birth without ART. Data on all women who gave birth in Norway with or without ART, between 1984 and 2010 was obtained from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN). 808 834 women eligible for study were linked to the Cancer Registry of Norway. Cox proportional hazards model computed relative risk of breast cancer between the two groups, adjusting for age, parity, age at first birth, calendar period and region of residence. A total of 8037 women were diagnosed with breast cancer during the study period, 138 ART women and 7899 unexposed. Total follow-up time was 12 401 121 person-years (median 16.0), median age at entry was 32.5 years (range18.6-49.9) for ART women and 26.3 (range 10.5-54.6) for women without ART. Women exposed to ART had an elevated risk of breast cancer (adjusted HR 1.20, 95% CI 1.01-1.42). Subgroup analyses resulted in an HR of 1.30 (95% CI 1.07-1.57) for women treated with IVF and 1.35 (95 % CI 1.07-1.71) for women with follow-up >10 years, compared with controls. Our findings of increased risk in the study population, warrant continued monitoring of women treated with ART as this population advances into more typical cancer age ranges. PMID:25042052

  18. Prenatal diagnosis of fetal aortopulmonary septal defect with ventricular septal defect by two-dimension echocardiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Fetal aortopulmonary septal defect (APSD) is an extremely rare condition, accounting for 0.1%-0.2% of all cardiac defects in live births world wide.1 Hospital mortality is 13% and 33% for simple and complex APSD, respectively.2 This rare cardiac defect refers to a congenital malformation in the development of the arteriosus truncus septum, and is usually associated with a wide variety of other structural cardiac anomalies such as ventricular septal defect (VSD), pulmonary valve stegnosis and so on.3 Prenatal diagnosis of an APSD is possible by echocardiography.

  19. Prevention of preterm birth.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Flood, Karen

    2012-02-01

    Preterm birth (delivery before 37 completed weeks of gestation) is common and rates are increasing. In the past, medical efforts focused on ameliorating the consequences of prematurity rather than preventing its occurrence. This approach resulted in improved neonatal outcomes, but it remains costly in terms of both the suffering of infants and their families and the economic burden on society. Increased understanding of the pathophysiology of preterm labor has altered the approach to this problem, with increased focus on preventive strategies. Primary prevention is a limited strategy which involves public education, smoking cessation, improved nutritional status and avoidance of late preterm births. Secondary prevention focuses on recurrent preterm birth which is the most recognisable risk factor. Widely accepted strategies include cervical cerclage, progesterone and dedicated clinics. However, more research is needed to explore the role of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory treatments in the prevention of this complex problem.

  20. The 2006 ERA-EDTA Registry annual report: a precis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V.S. Stel; A. Kramer; C. Zoccali; K.J. Jager

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: This paper provides a summary of the 2006 European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry report. Methods: Data on renal replacement therapy (RRT) were available from 50 national and regional registries in 28 countries in Europe and bordering