WorldWideScience

Sample records for bioprotein til mink

  1. MEDIA OPTIMIZATION FOR BIOPROTEINS PRODUCTION FROM CHEAPER CARBON SOURCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. JAMAL

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available There are high demands for animal and human food supply especially protein, which is an important dietary component. Agricultural wastes, cheap carbon sources- which are rich and have high energy, can be used for producing the value added bioprotein. A lab scale study was carried out to optimize the media composition for bioprotein production from a cheaper carbon source - wheat flour using potential strain, which was selected earlier by screening different microorganisms. The performance of the selected strain was enhanced by media optimization with varied substrate concentration, nitrogen sources and nutrient supplementation according to the central composite design from STATISTICA software. Statistical optimization was carried out to evaluate the polynomial regression model through effect of linear, quadratic and interaction of the factors. The maximum biomass produced was 21.89 g/L with optimum fermentation conditions of wheat flour (4 g/L, nitrogen concentration (0.5 g/L, nutrient concentration (0.1 g/L, and four days of fermentation.

  2. Asthma among mink workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, Berit; Carstensen, Ole; Petersen, Rolf;

    2014-01-01

    We report two cases of asthma among mink workers. The first case is about a mink farmer who had asthma that was difficult to treat. In the medical history there was no clear relation to work, and no conclusive work relation with peak flow monitoring. He had a positive histamine release test to mink...... urine. The second case is about a mink farm worker, who had an asthma attack when handling mink furs. Peak flow monitoring showed a clear relation to this work, but there were no signs of allergy. We conclude that these two cases suggest an increased risk of asthma among mink workers....

  3. Cheese whey: A potential resource to transform into bioprotein, functional/nutritional proteins and bioactive peptides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Jay Shankar Singh; Yan, Song; Pilli, Sridhar; Kumar, Lalit; Tyagi, R D; Surampalli, R Y

    2015-11-01

    The byproduct of cheese-producing industries, cheese whey, is considered as an environmental pollutant due to its high BOD and COD concentrations. The high organic load of whey arises from the presence of residual milk nutrients. As demand for milk-derived products is increasing, it leads to increased production of whey, which poses a serious management problem. To overcome this problem, various technological approaches have been employed to convert whey into value-added products. These technological advancements have enhanced whey utilization and about 50% of the total produced whey is now transformed into value-added products such as whey powder, whey protein, whey permeate, bioethanol, biopolymers, hydrogen, methane, electricity bioprotein (single cell protein) and probiotics. Among various value-added products, the transformation of whey into proteinaceous products is attractive and demanding. The main important factor which is attractive for transformation of whey into proteinaceous products is the generally recognized as safe (GRAS) regulatory status of whey. Whey and whey permeate are biotransformed into proteinaceous feed and food-grade bioprotein/single cell protein through fermentation. On the other hand, whey can be directly processed to obtain whey protein concentrate, whey protein isolate, and individual whey proteins. Further, whey proteins are also transformed into bioactive peptides via enzymatic or fermentation processes. The proteinaceous products have applications as functional, nutritional and therapeutic commodities. Whey characteristics, and its transformation processes for proteinaceous products such as bioproteins, functional/nutritional protein and bioactive peptides are covered in this review. PMID:26165970

  4. Antibiotika til mink fra 2007-2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Vibeke Frøkjær; Sommer, Helle Mølgaard; Stuve, Tina; Clausen, Jesper; Chriél, Mariann

    Hvilke faktorer medfører, at man bruger antibiotika i den danske minkproduktion? Det er der set nærmere på i en undersøgelse, hvor der er dykket ned i data fra minkfarme i perioden 2007-2012. Undersøgelsen viser bl.a., at fodercentralerne har en signifikant betydning for forbruget af antibiotika....

  5. Mink farms predict Aleutian disease exposure in wild American mink.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa A Nituch

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases can often be of conservation importance for wildlife. Spillover, when infectious disease is transmitted from a reservoir population to sympatric wildlife, is a particular threat. American mink (Neovison vison populations across Canada appear to be declining, but factors thus far explored have not fully explained this population trend. Recent research has shown, however, that domestic mink are escaping from mink farms and hybridizing with wild mink. Domestic mink may also be spreading Aleutian disease (AD, a highly pathogenic parvovirus prevalent in mink farms, to wild mink populations. AD could reduce fitness in wild mink by reducing both the productivity of adult females and survivorship of juveniles and adults. METHODS: To assess the seroprevalence and geographic distribution of AD infection in free-ranging mink in relation to the presence of mink farms, we conducted both a large-scale serological survey, across the province of Ontario, and a smaller-scale survey, at the interface between a mink farm and wild mink. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Antibodies to AD were detected in 29% of mink (60 of 208 mink sampled; however, seroprevalence was significantly higher in areas closer to mink farms than in areas farther from farms, at both large and small spatial scales. Our results indicate that mink farms act as sources of AD transmission to the wild. As such, it is likely that wild mink across North America may be experiencing increased exposure to AD, via disease transmission from mink farms, which may be affecting wild mink demographics across their range. In light of declining mink populations, high AD seroprevalence within some mink farms, and the large number of mink farms situated across North America, improved biosecurity measures on farms are warranted to prevent continued disease transmission at the interface between mink farms and wild mink populations.

  6. Fra TR til HR?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagedorn-Rasmussen, Peter; Gleerup, Janne; Bojesen, Anders

    2013-01-01

    Introduktion til temanummer 'Fra TR til HR? Arbejdsmiljøets rolle i moderne arbejdspladsudvikling'......Introduktion til temanummer 'Fra TR til HR? Arbejdsmiljøets rolle i moderne arbejdspladsudvikling'...

  7. Immunotoxicity of nucleic acid reduced BioProtein - a bacterial derived single cell protein - in Wistar rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mølck, Anne-marie; Poulsen, Morten; Christensen, Hanne Risager;

    2002-01-01

    NABP induced a humoral immune response and proliferation of phagocytic cell lines, mainly macrophages. The humoral response involved induction of NABP specific IgM and IgG. The proliferation of phagocytic cells involved increase of the white blood cell count of all dosed female groups. Males showed......BioProtein is a single cell protein produced by a mixed methanotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria culture using natural gas as energy source, which has been approved for animal feed. BioProtein contains a large amount of nucleic acids making the product less suitable for human consumption......, hyperplasia of Kupffer cells in the liver, increased granulopoiesis in spleen and bone marrow, and infiltration of lamina propria of the large intestine with eosinophilic granulocytes. The most consistent and pronounced changes were observed in the highest dose group, but even at the lowest dose level some...

  8. Guide til Hadrians villa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Ole

    2002-01-01

    Bogbidrag til efteruddannelseskurser på Danmarks Pædagogiske Universitet, til faget Arkitektur i Folkeskolen. A-3 folder til brug i artikel- og emnesamling og som arkitekturguider på studierejser...

  9. Aleutian Mink Disease Virus in Free-Ranging Mink from Sweden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, Sara; Jensen, Trine Hammer; Blomstrom, Anne-Lie;

    2015-01-01

    Aleutian mink disease (AMD) is a chronic viral disease in farmed mink and the virus (AMDV) has been found in many free-ranging mink (Neovison vison) populations in Europe and North America. In this study, AMDV DNA and AMDV antibodies were analysed in 144 free-ranging mink hunted in Sweden...

  10. Introduktion til klassisk sociologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Søren

    Papiret introducerer til en række klassiske sociologer: Comte, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim og Habermas......Papiret introducerer til en række klassiske sociologer: Comte, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim og Habermas...

  11. Villighed til at dele

    OpenAIRE

    Bregn, Kirsten

    2006-01-01

    Eksperimentel økonomi bidrager til at belyse villighed til at dele. Der fremdrages nogle resultater, som belyser villighed til at dele, og nogle mulige forklaringer på den adfærd, der findes i eksperimenterne, diskuteres. Der fokuseres for enkeltheds skyld på eksperimenter vedrørende et enkelt spil, som meget direkte belyser teamet om villighed til at dele, nemlig ultimatumspillet

  12. Studenterproduceret video til eksamen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristian Nøhr; Hansen, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Formålet med denne artikel er at vise, hvordan læringsdesign og stilladsering kan anvendes til at skabe en ramme for studenterproduceret video til eksamen på videregående uddannelser. Artiklen tager udgangspunkt i en problemstilling, hvor uddannelsesinstitutionerne skal håndtere og koordinere...... de fagfaglige og mediefaglige undervisere et redskab til at fokusere og koordinere indsatsen frem mod målet med, at de studerende producerer og anvender video til eksamen....

  13. Investigation of the pathogenesis of transplacental transmission of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus in experimentally infected mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broll, S.; Alexandersen, Søren

    1996-01-01

    The transplacental transmission of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV) was studied in experimental infection of 1-year-old female non-Aleutian mink. The ADV-seronegative female mink were inoculated,vith ADV prior to mating or after the expected implantation of the embryos during pregnancy. A...

  14. Introduktion til STS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Introduktion til STS er den første danske grundbog om dette nye felt. Bogen giver en pædagogisk introduktion til STS-studier og den forskelligartede og ofte vanskelige primærlitteratur, der kendetegner feltet. Forfatterne præsenterer blandt andet socialkonstruktivistiske tilgange til videnskab og...

  15. Mink's adaptation to group housing in practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Steffen W; Møller, Steen Henrik

    2012-01-01

    In this project, we test the hypothesis whether mink populations with a higher social tolerance have been developed in practice and thus are better adapted to housing in stacked cages. The hypothesis has been tested by comparing the level of bite damages and bit marks in mink kept in pairs and in...

  16. 9 CFR 113.302 - Distemper Vaccine-Mink.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Distemper Vaccine-Mink. 113.302... Virus Vaccines § 113.302 Distemper Vaccine—Mink. Distemper Vaccine—Mink shall be prepared from virus... follows: (1) To detect virulent canine distemper virus, each of two distemper susceptible mink or...

  17. Holdninger til immigration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Munch, Jakob Roland; Schroll, Sanne;

    Denne artikel belyser holdninger til immigration blandt borgere i Danmark og de øvrige EU-15 lande - herunder holdningerne til immigration, der følger af den seneste EU-udvidelse. Det analyseres, hvilke faktorer der ligger til frund for disse holdninger, samt i hvilken udstrækning danskere afviger...... fra EU-gennemsnittet. Den typiske dansker er lidt mere skeptisk overfor immigration end andre europæere. Danskerne afskiller sig desuden ved, at forholdsvis få forbinder øget immigration med negative konsekvenser for arbejdsmarkedet, men forholdsvis mange forbinder det med højere omkostninger for...... velfærdsstaten. Når der tages hensyn til opfattelserne af de økonomiske konsekvenser af immigration, kommer Danmark til at fremstå som et væsentligt mere immigrationsskeptisk land, end hvad der kommer til udtryk i de ukorrigerede holdninger...

  18. Holdninger til Immigration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Roland Munch, Jakob; Schroll, Sanne;

    2006-01-01

    Denne artikel belyser holdninger til immigration blandt borgere i Danmark og de øvrige EU-15 lande - herunder holdningerne til immigration, der følger af den seneste EU-udvidelse. Det analyseres, hvilke faktorer der ligger til frund for disse holdninger, samt i hvilken udstrækning danskere afviger...... fra EU-gennemsnittet. Den typiske dansker er lidt mere skeptisk overfor immigration end andre europæere. Danskerne afskiller sig desuden ved, at forholdsvis få forbinder øget immigration med negative konsekvenser for arbejdsmarkedet, men forholdsvis mange forbinder det med højere omkostninger for...... velfærdsstaten. Når der tages hensyn til opfattelserne af de økonomiske konsekvenser af immigration, kommer Danmark til at fremstå som et væsentligt mere immigrationsskeptisk land, end hvad der kommer til udtryk i de ukorrigerede holdninger....

  19. Middleware til Pervasive Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønsted, Jeppe

    Pervasive computing-begrebet står for en ny bølge inden for IT-verdenen hvor der er IT i alt fra vaskemaskiner til supertankere. Alle disse forskellige enheder er forbundet på forskellige måder der gør det muligt at tilbyde nye typer af services der har potentiale til at ændre den måde vi ser på IT...... på radikalt. Det er kompliceret at lave systemer bestående af alle mulige forskellige enheder der kommunikerer på kryds og tværs, og derfor er det vigtigt af have god middleware understøttelse. I denne pixibog gives en kort introduktion til middleware til pervasive communication. Vi karakteriser...... hvorledes middleware til pervasive communication adskiller sig fra traditionel middleware og præsenterer forskellige firmaers og forskningsinstitutioners bud på middleware til pervasive communication...

  20. Fra krigshelt til bums

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shamshiri-Petersen, Kaveh

    2010-01-01

    Der er behov for en helhedsorienteret indsats med både et psykologisk og et sociologisk sigte, når udstationerede soldater vender hjem til de rutiner, hverdage og sociale relationer, der har været på hold i forbindelse med udsendelse til et missionsområde......Der er behov for en helhedsorienteret indsats med både et psykologisk og et sociologisk sigte, når udstationerede soldater vender hjem til de rutiner, hverdage og sociale relationer, der har været på hold i forbindelse med udsendelse til et missionsområde...

  1. Fra Japan til Nordjylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Per Steen; Blaabjerg, Niels Jørgen

    2008-01-01

    Lean management anvendt som værktøj til at udvikle innovation og teamsamarbejde i Accessionsteamet på Aalborg Universitetsbibliotek. Lean bruges som metode til at understøtte et udviklingsmiljø, hvorfra der både kan udspringe radikale og inkrementelle innovationsaktiviteter...

  2. Socialisering til hvad?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Kim

    2008-01-01

    Er udviklingshæmmet noget man "er" - eller noget man socialiseres til - eller er "fænomenet" en kombination af begge dele? Artiklen rejser spørgsmålet om, hvad specialmiljøerne socialiserer til, og hvad samfundet vil med sine udviklingshæmmede medborgere? Udgivelsesdato: juni...

  3. Fra stat til amt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Merete

    2008-01-01

    Kapitlet beskriver grundlaget for den måde hvorpå dansk hospitalspsykiatri er organiseret i dag. Folketinget vedtog i 1975 at decentralisere det administrative ansvar for statshospitalerne. Decentraliseringen var en markant ændring i forhold til tidligere. Bidraget forklarer årsager til, at amtsk...

  4. Contaminant concentrations in Connecticut and Massachusetts mink

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — It appears that PCB levels in Connecticut and Massachusetts mink are high enough to adversely affect reproduction. Although levels of contaminants in Massachusetts...

  5. Two parvoviruses that cause different diseases in mink have different transcription patterns: Transcription analysis of mink enteritis virus and Aleutian mink disease parvovirus the same cell line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storgaard, T.; Oleksiewicz, M.; Bloom, M.E.;

    1997-01-01

    The two parvoviruses of mink cause very different diseases, Mink enteritis virus (MEV) is associated with rapid, high-level viral replication and acute disease, In contrast, infection with Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV) is associated with persistent, low-level viral replication and chronic...

  6. High Prevalence of Aleutian Mink Disease Virus in Free-ranging Mink on a Remote Danish Island

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Trine Hammer; Christensen, Laurids Siig; Chriél, Mariann;

    2012-01-01

    Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) causes severe disease in farmed mink (Neovison vison) worldwide. In Denmark, AMDV in farmed mink has been confined to the northern part of the mainland since 2002. From 1998 to 2009, samples from 396 free-ranging mink were collected from mainland Denmark......, and a low AMDV antibody prevalence (3% of 296) was found using countercurrent immune electrophoresis. However, on the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea, a high prevalence (45% of 142 mink) was detected in the free-ranging mink. Aleutian mink disease virus was detected by polymerase chain reaction in 32...... of 49 antibody-positive free-ranging mink on Bornholm, but not in mink collected from other parts of Denmark. Sequence analysis of 370 base pairs of the nonstructural gene of the AMDV of 17 samples revealed two clusters with closest similarity to Swedish AMDV strains....

  7. Studieintro: fra elev til studerende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galle, Per

    2011-01-01

    Dette kompendium indeholder materiale til kurset Studieintro: fra elev til studerende. Kurset er obligatorisk for studerende på bacheloruddannelsens første år.......Dette kompendium indeholder materiale til kurset Studieintro: fra elev til studerende. Kurset er obligatorisk for studerende på bacheloruddannelsens første år....

  8. Acute interstitial pneumonia in mink kits inoculated with defined isolates of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alexandersen, Søren; Larsen, S; Aasted, B;

    1994-01-01

    The present study addressed the causal role of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV) in acute interstitial pneumonia in mink kits. All the examined isolates of ADV caused interstitial pneumonia in newborn kits, although the severity of disease and the mortality varied. These findings indicate that...

  9. Analysis of experimental mink enteritis virus infection in mink: in situ hybridization, serology, and histopathology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uttenthal, Åse; Larsen, S; Lund, E;

    1990-01-01

    replication have important implications for the pathogenesis of MEV-induced disease. The data presented on MEV are correlated with earlier results on the other mink parvovirus, Aleutian mink disease parvovirus, and a possible explanation for the remarkable differences in pathogenesis of disease caused by...... these two parvoviruses is discussed....

  10. Fem veje til trivsel

    OpenAIRE

    Ebbe Lavendt

    2015-01-01

    Den britiske tænketank NEF (New Economics Foundation) har efter en gennemgang af den mest opdaterede forskning udarbejdet anbefalinger til fem aktiviteter, du kan inkorporere i din hverdag, og som er vigtige for trivsel.

  11. Fra Windows til sanserum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Christian Ulrik

    2003-01-01

    Via Heideggers artikel "Die Kunst und der Raum" diskuteres det digitale, teknologiske og videnskabelige rum i forhold til en mere kunstnerisk præsentation af rum i digitale medier - som fx computerspillet....

  12. Fra madkultur til kostregime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højlund, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt I ernæringskrigen mellem fedt og sucker peger artiklen på nogle af de komplekse vidensprocesser, der bidrager til at skabe en referenceramme for den spisende I dagens Danmark.......Med udgangspunkt I ernæringskrigen mellem fedt og sucker peger artiklen på nogle af de komplekse vidensprocesser, der bidrager til at skabe en referenceramme for den spisende I dagens Danmark....

  13. Udkast til Professionsudviklingsprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duus, Gitte

    Dette er første udkast til et evt. fremtidigt projekt, som sigter mod at kvalificere socialt arbejdes praksis i en jobcenter kontekst. Det er hensigten, at projektet skal være med til at udvikle arbejdet på de kommunale jobcentre hen imod en større myndiggørelse af borgerne, således at borgerne i...

  14. Software til nye solceller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Lisbeth

    2015-01-01

    Solceller kan indtil videre kun udnytte en mindre del af solspekteret, så store dele af sollyset går altså tabt uden at kunne blive til energi. Hvis man derimod også kan udnytte det langbølgede lys til at lave energi, så vil man få nogle langt mere effektive solceller med et meget mindre energitab....

  15. Software til nye solceller

    OpenAIRE

    Lassen, Lisbeth

    2015-01-01

    Solceller kan indtil videre kun udnytte en mindre del af solspekteret, så store dele af sollyset går altså tabt uden at kunne blive til energi. Hvis man derimod også kan udnytte det langbølgede lys til at lave energi, så vil man få nogle langt mere effektive solceller med et meget mindre energitab.

  16. A test of mink microsatellite markers in the ferret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Christensen, Knud

    2006-01-01

    markers from American mink were tested in the ferret, under the same conditions as for the mink. Of the 59, 43 off them (73.5 %) amplified a ferret sequence; 5 amplification products differed in size from the respective mink sequences. Ten amplified fragments from ferret were sequenced. The sequences that...

  17. Progression of experimental chronic Aleutian mink disease virus infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Trine Hammer; Chriél, Mariann; Hansen, Mette Sif

    2016-01-01

    Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) is found world-wide and has a major impact on mink health and welfare by decreasing reproduction and fur quality. In the majority of mink, the infection is subclinical and the diagnosis must be confirmed by serology or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Increased ...

  18. Purification, characterization and ELISA detection of mink immunoglobulins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martel, Cyril Jean-Marie; Aasted, Bent

    2008-01-01

    This study describes easy purification methods for mink IgG, IgA and IgM immunoglobulins. IgG and IgM were purified from normal mink serum, while IgA was purified from mink bile from healthy animals. By SDS-polyacrylamid-gel-electrophoresis  (SDS-PAGE) and immunoblotting under reducing conditions...

  19. 9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.204 Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus. Mink Enteritis...

  20. Aleutian mink disease virus in free-ranging mink from Sweden.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Persson

    Full Text Available Aleutian mink disease (AMD is a chronic viral disease in farmed mink and the virus (AMDV has been found in many free-ranging mink (Neovison vison populations in Europe and North America. In this study, AMDV DNA and AMDV antibodies were analysed in 144 free-ranging mink hunted in Sweden. Associations between being AMDV infected (defined as positive for both viral DNA and antibodies and the weight of the spleen, liver, kidneys, adrenal glands and body condition were calculated and the sequences of ten AMDV isolates were analysed in order to characterize the genetic relationships. In total, 46.1% of the mink were positive for AMDV antibodies and 57.6% were positive for AMDV DNA. Twenty-two percent of the mink tested on both tests (n = 133 had dissimilar results. The risk of having AMDV antibodies or being positive for AMDV DNA clearly increased with age and the majority of the mink that were two years or older were infected. Few macroscopic changes were found upon necropsy. However, the relative weight of the spleen was sexually dimorphic and was found to be slightly, but significantly (p = 0.006, heavier in AMDV infected male mink than uninfected. No association between AMDV infection and body condition, weight of the kidneys, liver or adrenal glands were found. Several different strains of AMDV were found across the country. Two of the AMDV sequences from the very north of Sweden did not group with any of the previously described groups of strains. In summary, AMDV seems to be prevalent in wild mink in Sweden and may subtly influence the weight of the spleen.

  1. Musik til billeder - billeder til musik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mads Tranholm

    1987-08-01

    Full Text Available Mange lærere er ikke musikkyndige. Og "man kan da ikke undervise i film- og TV-musik uden at kende de "dyre" teorier!" Men der tager de fejl, mener Mads Thranholm. Han giver idéer til hvordan nybegyndere kommer i gang. Og hvordan man kommer videre, bl.a. med musikvideoerne. Man bør interessere sig mere for den såkaldte "underlægningsmusik", som nok ikke er så underlagt billedet som man tror...

  2. Din ven til det sidste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bode, Marianne; Bonde, Lars Ole

    Introduktion til musikterapi på hospice og i palliativ pleje - teori, klinisk praksis og forskning.......Introduktion til musikterapi på hospice og i palliativ pleje - teori, klinisk praksis og forskning....

  3. Introduktion til dokumentanalyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Michael Hviid; Duedahl, Poul

    I sammenligning med observation, interviews og spørgeskemaundersøgelser nævnes metoder, der beskæftiger sig med skriftlige dokumenter ikke sjældent som de sidste i rækken af farbare fremgangsmåder. Dette forhold står i påfaldende kontrast til den faktiske forskningspraksis inden for en lang række...... dokumenter i brug - fra breve og dagbøger via kliniske journaler og etikettebøger til nekrologer og dødsannoncer....

  4. Ophavsret til undervisningsmateriale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Rosenmeier

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Undervisningsmateriale er normalt beskyttet af ophavsretsloven. Og når det handler om det undervisningsmateriale, lærerne selv laver, er det som udgangspunkt dem selv, der har ophavsretten. Som lærer har man f.eks. ophavsret til sine PowerPoint-handouts eller til sine undervisningsvideoer og fotografier. Hvis man bruger materiale, andre har lavet, i sit undervisningsmateriale, f.eks. klip på Youtube eller tekststykker fra bøger, skal man selvfølgelig have tilladelse eller tjekke sin Copydan-aftale.

  5. Molecular characterization of the Himalayan mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benkel, Bernhard F.; Rouvinen-Watt, Kirsti; Farid, Hossain;

    2009-01-01

    A rare color variant of the American mink (Neovison vison), discovered on a ranch in Nova Scotia and referred to as the "marbled" variety, carries a distinctive pigment distribution pattern resembling that found in some other species, e.g., the Siamese cat and the Himalayan mouse. We tested the...

  6. Socialstyrelsen. Viden til gavn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2013-01-01

    person, der måske har mistet sproget på grund af en demenssygdom. De sange og danse, som er indlært tidligt i livet, vil ofte kunne genkaldes og dermed give en kobling til det tidligere liv. Musikterapi har vundet indpas mange steder. Og en lang række mindre undersøgelser viser, at musikterapi kan...

  7. Forvist til omsorg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2008-01-01

    Anmeldelsen refererer til en netop udgivet bog af Grønbæk Jensen & Knigge og udbygger dennes problemstilling ved at tilføje en diskussion om forholdet mellem faglighed og nærhed/hjemstavn. Udgivelsesdato: December 2008...

  8. Til dem, der har..

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Katrin

    2012-01-01

    I takt med forandringerne i styringen af velfærdsorganisationerne stilles også lederne over for nye etiske dilemmaer. Denne artikel analyserer et eksempel på ledelsesdiskurs i det danske gymnasium – et brev til undervisningsministeren fra 6 skoleledelser, der gerne vil undgå centrale fordelingsud...

  9. Effect of Persistent Infection of Mink with Aleutian Mink Disease Virus on Reproductive Failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reichert Michał

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the impact of asymptomatic infections of mink with Aleutian mink disease virus (AMD on reproductive performance and the morphology of the internal organs. The study drew its subjects from two farms where the disease was endemic and included 450 clinically healthy female mink divided into three equal groups: two AMD positive groups and one AMD negative control group. The mink were subjected to clinical observations throughout the period of reproduction, and then for the first seven weeks after birth. Data collected during this period were evaluated using selected breeding and reproductive indices. All reproductive indices including conception rate, litter size, and litter weight at birth as well as neonatal mortality were substantially poorer. Histopathological examination revealed changes typical for AMD, particularly in the spleen, kidneys, liver, and lymph nodes. The results highlighted and proved the frequently underestimated extent of economic losses on farms where AMD is endemic yet the mink stock is apparently healthy.

  10. Branding til kritiske forbrugere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermansen, Judy; Østergaard, Per

    2009-01-01

    Mange forbrugere tager idag aktivt og bevidst stilling til alle dimensioner ved brandet. Denne forbrugertype har fået betegnelsen 'den refleksive forbruger' og er karakteriseret ved hele tiden at medreflektere alle aspekter af brandarkitekturen, når han eller hun køber og forbruger brands. Den...... refleksive forbruger er udtryk for en ny, kritisk forbrugerbevidsthed, som stiller skærpede krav til, hvordan brand management kan adressere forbrugerne - men som også giver nye spillerum for en kreativ udvikling af nye brandingstrategier. Den refleksive forbruger lever nemlig med et konstant, eksistentielt...... refleksive forbruger er tværtimod dybt afhængig af produkter, der kan "brande" ham som anderledes end alle mainstreamforbrugerne, der bare køber alt, hvad mainstreamvirksomhederne forsøger at prakke dem på. Den refleksive forbruger er med andre ord en Feinschmecker og i lighed med - eller måske rettere i...

  11. Fra studie til arbejdsliv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Line Palle

    2015-01-01

    Universitet (2009) som den første beskæftiget sig med udfordringerne ved overgangen fra studie til arbejdsliv. Undertegnede har i samarbejde med PhD-studerende Helle Bach Riis udført 25 kvalitative interviews blandt danske akademikere, der har været på arbejdsmarkedet ml ½-5 år. Vores undersøgelser bekræfter...... indenfor sit eget felt. Efter 3-4 år på arbejdsmarkedet er ens viden fra uddannelsen bearbejdet og integreret og en naturlig basis ved løsning af arbejdsopgaver. Både uddannelser, aftagerfeltet og kandidaten kan gøre en aktiv indsats, der gør overgangen fra studie til arbejdsliv nemmere. For uddannelsernes...

  12. Vejledning til Digital Eksamen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heilesen, Simon

    2016-01-01

    Saadan faar censor adgang til DE, Saadan henter du opgaverne, Læs en opgave online , Læs en opgave på PC, Læs en opgave på Android, Læs en opgave på iPad, Læs opgave offline, Plagiat-kontrol af en opgave, Saadan giver du karakter, Kommentér en opgave, Upload store filer......Saadan faar censor adgang til DE, Saadan henter du opgaverne, Læs en opgave online , Læs en opgave på PC, Læs en opgave på Android, Læs en opgave på iPad, Læs opgave offline, Plagiat-kontrol af en opgave, Saadan giver du karakter, Kommentér en opgave, Upload store filer...

  13. Vejledninger til Onlineeksamen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heilesen, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Sådan bruger du onlineeksamen, Sådan bruger du Onlineeksamen som censor, Sådan læser du eksamensopgaver på iPad, Sådan læser du eksamensopgaver på en Android-tablet, Mini-manual til onlineeksamen, Sådan udskriver du opgaver på en Windows-pc, Sådan udskriver du opgaver på en Apple-pc......Sådan bruger du onlineeksamen, Sådan bruger du Onlineeksamen som censor, Sådan læser du eksamensopgaver på iPad, Sådan læser du eksamensopgaver på en Android-tablet, Mini-manual til onlineeksamen, Sådan udskriver du opgaver på en Windows-pc, Sådan udskriver du opgaver på en Apple-pc...

  14. Fra problemer til mirakler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Görlich, Anne; Katznelson, Noemi; Stentoft, Mette

    Uddannelsessystemet rummer i dag en stor del af de sårbare og udsatte unge, der tidligere havde ufaglærte jobs eller var på kontanthjælp. Det skaber udfordringer i forhold til den politiske målsætning om, at 95 procent af en ungdomsårgang skal gennemføre en ungdomsuddannelse. Disse udfordringer har...... været omdrejningspunktet i Skive Kommunes projekt ’Fra problemer til mirakler’, hvor man har søgt at styrke sårbare unges selvtillid, motivation for og deltagelse i en kompetencegivende uddannelse og dermed holde dem ude af kontanthjælpssystemet....

  15. Plot til lyst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil

    Den velfungerende krimi faciliterer denne dobbelte plotlæsning ved at muliggøre en særlig form for legende og udforskende interaktion mellem læser og plot: Ved at lægge spor ud og holde tolkningsmuligheder og løsningsmuligheder åbne får vi mulighed for at påtage os og udføre opklaringsarbejdet side......, der inviterer os med ind i selve handlingens rum og forløb og giver os forskellige handlingsmuligheder i forhold til disse. I bogen omtales denne særlige form for plot for forlystelsesplot med henvisning til forlystelsesparken og den særlige form for interaktiv fortælleform, som vi finder der: en...

  16. Til bunds i metropolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Kristine; Schmidt, Jeanett; Kastanje, Maj; Nielsen, Henrik

    Dette kapitel søger at belyse hvordan vestafrikanske hjemløse, der er kommet til Danmark som arbejdsmriganter klarer sig i København. Pga. vansligheder med at komme ind på det københavnske arbejdsmarked fratages de initiativet som arbejdstagere og overlever istedet som en art moderne jæger-samler......-samler folk gennem flaskesamling og som klienter på diverse sociale tilbud. Denne deroute er forbundet med hvad Goffman har betegnet som stigma....

  17. Fra synd til skyld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2009-01-01

    Det er velkendt at sætte skellet hos Edgar Allan Poe, når de første detektivfortællinger skal lokaliseres. Poes tre fortællinger om C. Auguste Dupin fra 1841 til 1844 introducerer den rationelle detektiv for første gang i den vestlige litteratur. Spørgsmålet er bare, om det så derfor betyder, at...

  18. Acute interstitial pneumonia in mink kits inoculated with defined isolates of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alexandersen, Søren; Larsen, S; Aasted, B; Uttenthal, Åse; Bloom, M. E.; Hansen, M

    1994-01-01

    , interstitial edema, and hyaline membrane formation was experimentally reproduced in mink kits infected as newborns with five different isolates of ADV. Four hundred forty-nine newborn mink kits were included in the study, of which 247 were necropsied. The lesions caused by the different isolates were...... cells, including plasma cells in lung, liver, spleen, kidney, mesenteric lymph node, and intestine. Surviving kits also had hypertrophy of the bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue and focal subpleural, intraalveolar accumulations of large cells with foamy cytoplasm, so-called lipid pneumonia....

  19. Kommentar til Nasjonalbudsjettet - 1989

    OpenAIRE

    Cappelen, Ådne

    1988-01-01

    Den sittende regjering har sterk tro på at etterspørselsregulering er et ganske effektivt virkemiddel for å styre aktivitetsnivået i økonomien. I mange år har denne tilsynelatende enkle resept vært betraktet med stor skepsis blant økonomer både innen administrasjon og andre steder. Utviklingen på 1980-tallet slik jeg tolker den, gir imidlertid solid støtte til barnelærdommen for mange makroøkonomer. I nasjonalbudsjettet for 1989 sies det rimelig klart slik jeg tolker teksten, at nå har det væ...

  20. Broen til Bedre Sundhed

    OpenAIRE

    Christiansen, Stine Holm; Christensen, Anne Mette; Jensen, Jeppe Veibel; Frisk, Helene; Neromante, Rebecca Bisgaard; Barskov, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    This paper seeks to compare the perceived narratives of health between the health campaign Broen til Bedre Sundhed and its target group, pupils in 7th to 9th grade in Lolland and Guldborgsund municipalities. These municipalities are ranking lower than the national Danish average not only in health, but in areas such as education and employment. Through the use of Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus and and his different forms of capital, we will investigate the social practices in which the...

  1. Production of mink enteritis parvovirus empty capsids by expression in a baculovirus vector system: a recombinant vaccine for mink enteritis parvovirus in mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, J; Alexandersen, Søren; Bloch, B.;

    1994-01-01

    The VP-2 gene of mink enteritis parvovirus (MEV) was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction using MEV DNA isolated from the faeces of a naturally infected mink. Subsequently the VP-2 gene was cloned into a baculovirus expression vector. Recombinant baculo-viruses were isolated and the MEV VP-2......, the VP-2 gene encoded a valine and a tyrosine at amino acid positions 232 and 234, identical to the situation found in MEV type 1, but at position 300 there was a valine which is a determinant of MEV type 2. Immunization of mink with approximately 40000 haemagglutinating units of recombinant MEV VP-2...

  2. Persistent spatial clusters of plasmacytosis among Danish mink farms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Themudo, Goncalo Espregueira Cruz; Østergaard, Jørgen; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

    2011-01-01

    Aleutian disease (Plasmacytosis) is caused by the Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV), an autonomous parvovirus and affects many mustelid species, including the American mink (Neovisonvison). In Denmark, an eradication program reduced the prevalence of test-positive farms from 100% in 1976 to 15% in...

  3. Noen merknader til Nasjonalbudsjettet 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Cappelen, Ådne

    2004-01-01

    I denne kommentaren til Nasjonalbudsjettet 2005 argumenteres det for at finanspolitikken bør være litt strammere i 2005 enn regjeringens forslag. Både konjunkturutviklingen og handlingsregelen for finanspolitikken tilsier dette. Noen av forslagene til skatteendringer har små eller negative effektivitetseffekter og kan med fordel justeres for å stramme inn i finanspolitikken.

  4. Studieintro: fra elev til studerende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Dette kompendium indeholder materiale til kurset Studieintro: fra elev til studerende. Kurset er obligatorisk for studerende på Grunduddannelsens første år (GR1), og indgår i studieelementet Designteori og –metode. Ud over almen orientering om kurset (her nedenfor) kan I finde omtale af de...

  5. Studieintro: fra elev til studerende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galle, Per

    2010-01-01

    Dette kompendium indeholder materiale til kurset Studieintro: fra elev til studerende. Kurset er obligatorisk for studerende på Grunduddannelsens første år (GR1), og indgår i studieelementet Designteori og –metode. Ud over almen orientering om kurset (her nedenfor) kan I finde omtale af de...

  6. Arbejdspapir til Thesis-seminar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damkjaer, Maja Sonne

    2014-01-01

    Arbejdspapir til Thesis-seminar afholdt ved Forskningsseminar i Forskningsprogrammet: Medier, Kommunikation og Samfund, Institut for Æstetik og Kommunikation, Aarhus Universitet. Afhandlingens teoretiske afsnit.......Arbejdspapir til Thesis-seminar afholdt ved Forskningsseminar i Forskningsprogrammet: Medier, Kommunikation og Samfund, Institut for Æstetik og Kommunikation, Aarhus Universitet. Afhandlingens teoretiske afsnit....

  7. En dronning kom til byen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storm, Rasmus K.

    2009-01-01

    Det er ganske rigtig et af dansk håndbolds mest dramatiske kapitler Dan Philipsen beskriver i sin bog om Anja Andersens eventyr i Slagelse: 'En dronning kom til byen'. Bogen er velskrevet, og er i sin form en velsignet god gang underholdning til natbordet. Problemet er bare, at man kan have svært...

  8. Introduktion til IBSE-didaktikken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillasen, Martin Krabbe

    2012-01-01

    Teoretisk introduktion til IBSE-didaktikken med udgangspunkt i Fibonoacci-projektet s teorigrundlag formuleret af Wynne Harlen. Se mere på http://www.fibonacci-project.eu/......Teoretisk introduktion til IBSE-didaktikken med udgangspunkt i Fibonoacci-projektet s teorigrundlag formuleret af Wynne Harlen. Se mere på http://www.fibonacci-project.eu/...

  9. Situationsdidaktik - fra teori til praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fougt, Simon Skov

    læreren giver Feedback). Den anden udfordring, den projektorienterede undervisnings kendte tendens til manglende faglig fordybelse, imødekommes i casen med orienteret autonomi gennem vurderingsfokus. Artiklen undersøger dermed situationsdidaktik med orienteret autonomi og vurderingsfokus som redskaber til...

  10. Evaluation of the choline status in mink fed different levels and sources of choline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedemann, Mette Skou; Damgaard, Birthe Marie; Clausen, T.N.;

    2012-01-01

    Choline is an essential nutrient but the daily need for choline in mink has never been determined. Two experiments were performed to evalutate the choline status in mink kits and full-grown mink fed different levels of choline. In the first experiment mink kits were fed a synthetic diet with chol...

  11. Disease-associated prion protein in neural and lymphoid tissues of mink (Mustela vison) inoculated with transmissible mink encephalopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME) is a prion disorder of farmed raised mink. As with the other transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, the disorder is associated with accumulation of the misfolded prion protein in the brain and an invariably fatal outcome. TME outbreaks have been rare but...

  12. 1945: Fra Jalta til den Kolde krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus Bundgård

    2014-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Michael Dobbs: Fra verdenskrig til kold krig. Fra Jalta til Hiroshima: 6 måneder i 1945. Oversat fra engelsk af Morten Visby. Informations Forlag.......Anmeldelse af Michael Dobbs: Fra verdenskrig til kold krig. Fra Jalta til Hiroshima: 6 måneder i 1945. Oversat fra engelsk af Morten Visby. Informations Forlag....

  13. Materialesamling til bogen Fankultur og fanfiktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Anne

    2013-01-01

    På denne side finder du undervisningdias til hvert af bogens hovedafsnit, links, opgaver og yderligere forslag til læsning, der passer til bogens kapitler. Bonusmaterialet består af beskrivelse af tilbud om oplæg, quizzer og tekster til læreren om materialet og om månedstemaet, samt ikke mindst a...

  14. Fra Person til Patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Worsøe, Line Brink; Tordsson, Emma Mathilde

    2008-01-01

    I efteråret 2007 gennemførte forfatterne af denne artikel en undersøgelse af fertilitetspatienters kommunikation på nettet. Undersøgelsen var en del af kandidatspecialet i Sprogpsykologi "Fra Person til Patient - en narrativ undersøgelse af fertilitetspatienters kommunikation". Sigtet med specialet...... var at afdække hvilke ændringer af psykologiske processer en person gennemgår når denne indgår i et behandlingsforløb i det danske sygehusvæsen. Det er et emne tidligere behandlet af sundhedspsykologien. Et af de vigtigste fund i denne forbindelse blev imidlertid, at nok kunne de psykologiske...

  15. Geodata til mere end kort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjems, Erik

    2014-01-01

    I takt med at megen af den information vi forsøger at fastholde med bl.a. geodata bliver tilgængelige som realtids information, må vores systemer og databeskrivelser nødvendigvis tilpasses disse nye udfordringer. Vores ønske om stadig flere informationer øger kravene til systemerne og organisatio...... organisationen omkring geodata. Når der er tale om "Big Data" og "Internet of Things" kan netop georeferencen spille en afgørende rolle, fordi den kan bidrage til at holde styr på datastrømmene. Er vores fælles nationale geodatagrundlag klar til denne rolle?...

  16. Current status of the minke whales and conflicts of interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. V. Singarajah

    1988-07-01

    Full Text Available Minke whales - the rorqual group of the family Balaenopteridae - are widely distributed and constitute an important major harvestable living resource of the sea. Recently, the Antarctic minke whale population has been estimated to be between 150,000 and 300,000. Populations being dynamic entities, the size of the minke whale population has been changing. Currently , the minke whale population in the Antarctic has been claimed to have increased considerably. However, the minke whale stock arriving off Brazil could be regarded as only a small discrete unit of breeding stock and an integral part of the Brazilian natural resource. Data analysis based on the past 21 years shows that this stock is relatively in a steady state, but with only a few annual fluctuations which are around a constant mean value; and these departures are attributable both to environmental conditions and the local operational parameters. Further, the analysis of overall data does not suggest any decline in the Brazilian stock and a MSY at about 58.5% can be taken without depleting the stock, provided no dramatic changes occur in the native Antarctic habitat where the minke whales return to feed. This would allow Brazil a carefully controlled rational utilization of this potentially valuable sea resource since enough exploitable numbers of minke whales have been estimated to be available for Area II. The current arguments of the conflicts between the Pro -and Anti-whaling groups are also briefly discussed.

  17. Structure and sequence variation of mink interleukin-6 gene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aleutian disease (AD) is the number one disease threat to the survival and future of the mink industry in Nova Scotia and the world. Several ranchers have gone out of business in recent years in Nova Scotia as a direct result of AD. Currently, the control measure for AD consists of testing and slaughtering of infected mink. This practice has not been effective in controlling the disease. Finding a means of controlling AD is the number one priority for the mink industry in Nova Scotia. An effective control measure will have a long-term positive effect on the rural economy by improving production potential of mink and reducing production cost. It has been shown that antiviral antibodies produced by activated immune system cells sometimes combine with interleukin-6 (IL-6) to form immune complexes that cause AD in mink. There is evidence of a significant relationship between nucleotide variations in IL-6 gene and the onset of certain diseases in humans, which bears similar symptoms to AD. Furthermore, pathological symptoms of AD resemble those of other conditions, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Castleman Diseases in humans, where overproduction of IL-6 coincides with the severity of the disease. These findings suggest that IL-6 could be a candidate gene and warrant investigation vis-a-vis differences among mink genotypes in resistance or tolerance to ADV infection. The sequence of the IL-6 gene in mink was done and identification of polymorphisms was used to evaluate the potential role of this gene in the immune system response to infections. The 4678 bp promoter region, five exons and four introns of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene were bi-directionally sequenced in four unrelated mink from each of the wild, black, brown, pastel and sapphire mink (Genbank accession number (EF620932). The 344 bp promoter region of the gene contained several transcription binding sites. One exonic and seven intronic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were detected by

  18. Fra frit til forceret valg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Sune Troels

    2011-01-01

    I serviceloven er der etableret en økonomisk støtteordning, hvorefter hørehæmmede kan opnå tilskud til høreapparatsbehandling på en privat klinik som alternativ til offentlig behandling. En hørehæmmet kan således ikke blot frit vælge en privat klinik, men den hørehæmmede kan opnå et økonomisk...... incitament hertil, idet der som følge af tilskuddet ikke behøver være en egenbetaling ved at anvende det private alternativ. I artiklen analy-seres en mulig interessekonflikt ved ørelægers ejerskab af private klinikker til behandling for høretab. I artiklen analyseres endvidere, hvorvidt offentlig støtte til...

  19. Alternativer til bande-exit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørck, Line Lerche

    2016-01-01

    interesse-fællesskaber omkring bl.a. malerkunst, åndedrætsøvelser, meditation, yoga, boksning og oplæg om ændringer i eget liv. Med god støtte fra mentor-relationer (som bliver til venskaber), bliver de del af og er samtidig med til at skabe nye meningsfulde fællesskaber, hvor de sammen med andre...

  20. Et farvel til terror? Indledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestenskov, David; Jensen, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    Der kan være forskellige grunde til, at så mange lande, herunder Danmark, alligevel vælger at deltage i bekæmpelsen af ISIS, selvom udsigterne til en endelig succes fortaber sig i fremtidens usikkerhed. De følgende kapitler er sammensat således, at de giver en bred forståelse af de udfordringer o...

  1. Velkommen til den danske bordelstat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2014-01-01

    Det er dybt problematisk, at Danske Spil reklamerer for lotto ved snedigt at henvende sig til børn og børnefamilier med børnetegninger og kruseduller og "gaver" i form af personlige lykkenumre......Det er dybt problematisk, at Danske Spil reklamerer for lotto ved snedigt at henvende sig til børn og børnefamilier med børnetegninger og kruseduller og "gaver" i form af personlige lykkenumre...

  2. Bacterial protein meal in diets for pigs and minks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellwing, Anne Louise Frydendahl; Tauson, Anne-Helene; Skrede, Anders;

    2007-01-01

    The effect of increasing the dietary content of bacterial protein meal (BPM) on protein turnover rate, and on nucleic acid and creatinine metabolism in growing minks and pigs was investigated in two experiments. In each experiment, 16 animals were allocated to four experimental diets. The diets...... containing no BPM served as controls, i.e. for minks diet M1, for pigs P1; the experimental diets contained increasing levels of BPM to replace fish meal (minks) or soybean meal (pigs), so that up to 17% (P2), 20% (M2), 35% (P3), 40% (M3), 52% (P4), and 60% (M4) of digestible N was BPM derived. Protein...... turnover rate was measured by means of the end-product method using [15N]glycine as tracer and urinary nitrogen as end-product. In minks, protein flux, synthesis, and breakdown increased significantly with increasing dietary BPM. In pigs, diet had no observed effect on protein turnover rate. The intake...

  3. Final amended report on the safety assessment of Mink Oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Mink Oil, obtained from the fatty tissues of minks, is a mixture of the natural glycerides of 14 to 20 carbon chain fatty acids. There are 100 current reported uses as a hair-conditioning agent, an occlusive skin-conditioning agent, and as a surfactant; up to a maximum concentration of 3%. Mink Oil is manufactured by harvesting animal hides and scraping the fat layer from the hide. It is rendered and refined using high temperature processes (230 degrees F to 240 degrees F) and saponification to reduce free fatty acids. Analyses demonstrate that Mink Oil can be substantially free of impurities, including pesticides. Mink Oil does not absorb significant UVA or UVB radiation. In a clinical test of skin penetration, 1 h after application, Mink Oil was detected on the skin surface of all five panelists; it was detected within the stratum corneum in 2/5 panelists. Mink Oil has an oral LD50 of > 64.0 cc/kg in albino rats. No erythema or edema was noted after refined Mink Oil was applied for 24 h to intact and scarified area of albino rabbits. A 50% dilution of a Mink Oil cream did not sensitize guinea pigs in a maximization test. Mink Oil was not an ocular irritant to albino rabbits. Clinical studies using single occlusive patches found no irritation with up to 2.8% Mink Oil, although transient mild to no irritation was noted in two exaggerated-use studies. Mink Oil is used in aerosols and sprays. Although there are no inhalation toxicity data available on Mink Oil, the available data on particle sizes of cosmetic aerosols and sprays indicates diameters more than an order of magnitude larger than the diameter of respirable particles. Most of the glycerides in Mink Oil are triglycerides (glyceryl triesters), the safety of which has been substantiated in previous safety assessments; e.g., dermal absorption is nil to slight; there is little or no acute, subchronic, or chronic oral toxicity; dermal application was not associated with significant irritation or sensitization

  4. Contaminants in Otter, Mink and Marten in British Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Harding L.

    1999-01-01

    As a continuation of studies of mustelids on the Columbia and Fraser River systems in north-western North America, chlorinated hydrocarbon and trace metal contamination of mink, marten and river otter were assessed in relation to physiological and reproductive measures of condition. Mink, marten and river otter were collected during the winters 1994/95 and 1995/96 from commercial trappers. Necropsies included evaluation of the following biological parameters: sex, body mass and length, age, t...

  5. Infection studies in mink with seal-derived morbillivirus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blixenkrone-Møller, M; Svansson, V; Have, P.;

    1989-01-01

    Morbillivirus derived from diseased harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) has characteristics of acute virulent canine distemper virus infection in mink. The infection induced a disease resembling the acute systemic and nervous form of canine distemper.......Morbillivirus derived from diseased harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) has characteristics of acute virulent canine distemper virus infection in mink. The infection induced a disease resembling the acute systemic and nervous form of canine distemper....

  6. Stress influencing production and welfare in farmed mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens

    2012-01-01

    effects on the HPA-axis and the serotonin system, (2) studies of parturition/early kit mortality, and (3) cage enrichment studies affecting stress responses. Finally, recent results exploring the link between stress and abnormal behaviour are presented, investigating the HPA-axis response of stereotypic...... animals and whether fur-chewing/stereotypic behaviour is associated with hippocampal neurogenesis in mink. Perspectives and suggested future research aiming to improve production and welfare in farmed mink are given....

  7. Population genetic studies in Northeastern Atlantic minke whales

    OpenAIRE

    Berube, M.; Skaug, Hans Julius; Andersen, Liselotte W.; Haug, Tore; Øien, Nils

    2007-01-01

    Minke whales are the most abundance species of baleen whales in the North Atlantic. As part of current management of minke whales in Norwegian and adjacent waters, a DNA-register have been established. The register ensures that samples are taken of each animal caught under the Norwegian catch quota, and that a DNA-profile is established and stored in a database from each individual whale. Previous studies have indicated that genetic population sub-structure exists within the North Atlantic, b...

  8. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish farmed mink (Mustela vison S.)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, P; Dietz, H. H.; Uttenthal, Åse;

    1994-01-01

    One hundred and ninety-five mink sera randomly selected from 17 Danish mink farms were evaluated for the presence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in the latex agglutination test. Six (3%) sera contained T. gondii antibodies in titres of 1:64 or more. The estimated 3% prevalence means that 300 000...... mink out of a total mink population of ten million might be infected with Toxoplasma gondii. This large number of possible sero-positive mink in Denmark indicates that there exists a potential risk of acquiring toxoplasmosis by pelting mink....

  9. Production of mink enteritis parvovirus empty capsids by expression in a baculovirus vector system: a recombinant vaccine for mink enteritis parvovirus in mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, J; Alexandersen, Søren; Bloch, B.; Aasted, B.; Uttenthal, Åse

    1994-01-01

    gene product was characterized after expression in Sf9 insect cells. The MEV VP-2 product had the same size as that reported for the wild-type MEV VP-2 protein and was recognized by convalescent sera from MEV-infected mink and a panel of monoclonal antibodies reactive to MEV. Furthermore, the VP-2...... VP-2 gene encoded a valine and a tyrosine at amino acid positions 232 and 234, identical to the situation found in MEV type 1, but at position 300 there was a valine which is a determinant of MEV type 2. Immunization of mink with approximately 40000 haemagglutinating units of recombinant MEV VP-2...... induced a measurable antibody response as tested by haemagglutination inhibition. Furthermore, the immunized mink did not excrete virus and did not develop clinical disease upon challenge with a virulent isolate of MEV....

  10. En kommentar til Becks model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philipps, Morten; Andersen, Thomas Dyreborg

    2014-01-01

    Professionshøjskolen Metropol hvor vi er ansat. Kommentaren her retter sig mod en tidligere bragt artikel i MONA, “Det virtuelle læringsrums topologi” af Claus Jessen. Vi argumenterer for at den didaktiske model flipped classrooms brug af video, frem for tavleundervisning, kan frigøre undervisningstid til at arbejde......Flipped classroom – en trend vi må forholde os til Online læringsressourcer har de sidste par år fået mange til at indse at teknologien har noget radikalt andet at byde på, og dette har skabt en populær didaktik kaldet flipped classroom som vi både ser vinde indpas i folkeskolen og på...

  11. Analyse av energiytelser til sirkulasjonspumper i bygninger

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Jonas Skoog

    2013-01-01

    Kravene til energibruk i bygninger har blitt stadig strengere de seneste årene. Dette stiller ikke bare store krav til bygningskroppen, men også til de tekniske systemene inne i bygningen. I EU finnes det over 140 millioner sirkulasjonspumper med et totalt energibehov på 53,2 TWh per år. Denne oppgaven tar for seg energibehovet til sirkulasjonspumper og mulighetene for å redusere dette energibehovet ved å benytte desentraliserte pumper.Oppgaven behandler relevant...

  12. Til kulturhistoriens genealogi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tine Damsholt

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Hvad er kulturhistorie? Dette retoriske spørgsmål stillede en af dansk kulturhistories faddere Troels Troels-Lund allerede på tærsklen til det 20. århundrede og gav sit eget veloplagte og polemiske svar, hvor han hyldede dagliglivets historie frem for staternes og krigenes historie. Men er dette svar - såvel som spørgsmålet - stadig relevant i det 21. århundrede? I det følgende skal vi se lidt nærmere på, hvad det særligt er kulturhistorie kan, og hvorvidt og hvordan den adskiller sigfra den almindelige historie.Abstract: The Genealogy of Cultural HistoryWhat is cultural history? The paper discusses whether cultural history still should be defined by having a specific empirical object such as the history of everyday life. Taking the point of departure in the current mainstreaming of cultural history and topics outside political history within the discipline of history after the cultural turn, it is argued that cultural history should rather be a specific analytical strategy. The paper investigates the Foucauldian notion of genealogy or "history of the present" and proposes an understanding of cultural history asan analytical strategy that seeks to destabilize a present that has forgotten its contingency and the time-bound questions that gave rise to its beliefs and practices. Genealogy is therefore about tracing the heterogeneous pathways that led to the apparent solidity of the present. A first sketch to a genealogy of cultural history in Denmark is given through a discussion of the canonized text by T. Troels-Lund, On Cultural History from 1894. The idea of everyday life as the analytical and defining object of cultural history is constituted in this text as well as in the disciplinary battles that formed the situational background for Troels-Lunds argument. Instead of taking this situated definition for a given fact cultural history is - in the tradition from Foucault - understood as a critical, destabilizing and thus self

  13. Fra erfaringsbaseret til evidensinformeret undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Poul Erik

    2011-01-01

    I artiklen præsenteres en analog rating skala - Learning Rating Scale - som kan anvendes af læreren i klasseværelset til at finde ud af, om undervisningen har effekt praksisbaseret evidens. Skalaen er nem at bruge i praksis og er forankret i forskning om, hvad der faciliterer elevernes læringspro......I artiklen præsenteres en analog rating skala - Learning Rating Scale - som kan anvendes af læreren i klasseværelset til at finde ud af, om undervisningen har effekt praksisbaseret evidens. Skalaen er nem at bruge i praksis og er forankret i forskning om, hvad der faciliterer elevernes...

  14. Modellering af elforbrug til netanalyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Jacob

    I denne rapport undersøges mulighederne for at etablere en model for elforbruget, der kan anvendes ved analyser af det østdanske transmissionsnet. Rapporten henvender sig til ingeniører og beslutningstagere, der ønsker viden om betydningen af en nøjagtig elforbrugsmodel og om mulighederne for i p...... simuleringsresultater med mindre usikkerhed, og der opnås en integration mellem eksisterende systemer, idet data fra en række systemer bl.a. Panda, elforbrugsprognoser, elforbrugspaneler og stationsprognoser kan udnyttes til etableringen af en model....

  15. WelFur - mink: development of on-farm welfare assessment protocols for mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Steen Henrik; Hansen, Steffen W; Rousing, Tine;

    2012-01-01

    European Fur Breeder's Association initiated the "WelFur" project in 2009 in order to develop a welfare assessment protocol for mink and fox farms after the Welfare Quality® standards. The assessment is based on four welfare principles (Good feeding, good housing, good health and appropriate......, descriptions, and schemes. (4) Testing preliminary protocols in relevant seasons of the annual production. This paper focus on the evaluation of validity, reliability anf feasibility of the 22 measures that have been selected for the WelFur assessment protocols. These protocols haev been tested in the three...

  16. Responses of mink to auditory stimuli: Prerequisites for applying the ‘cognitive bias’ approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Pernille Maj; Malmkvist, Jens; Halekoh, Ulrich;

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine and validate prerequisites for applying a cognitive (judgement) bias approach to assessing welfare in farmed mink (Neovison vison). We investigated discrimination ability and associative learning ability using auditory cues. The mink (n = 15 females) were...... farmed mink in a judgement bias approach would thus appear to be feasible. However several specific issues are to be considered in order to successfully adapt a cognitive bias approach to mink, and these are discussed....

  17. Retten til at blive glemt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Søren Sandfeld; Schaumburg-Müller, Sten

    2015-01-01

    Med afsæt i EU-Domstolens principielle dom i Google Spain analyserer artiklen begrebet retten til at blive glemt« og dettes betydning for medierne på tværs af tre regelsæt: persondatareguleringen, mediedatabaseloven og de presseetiske regler. Der argumenteres for, at retsstillingen, særligt i...

  18. Dimensionering af plansiloer til ensilage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Terpager Andersen, K.

    Der er fortsat stor interesse for bygning af plansiloer til ensilage, og SBI's afdeling for landbrugsbygninger er derfor i gang med at udarbejde et sæt byggeblade herom. For at kunne dimensionere sådanne siloer er det nødvendigt at kende størrelsen af de tryk, ensilagen udøver på silosiderne, og ...

  19. Lever lavenergibyggeri op til forventningerne?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Henrik Nellemose

    2013-01-01

    Hvad oplever beboere og ansatte i nyt lavenergibyggeri? Bliver deres forventninger til fx indeklima, tekniske installationer og energiforbrug indfriet? Det er noget af det, der er undersøgt ved tre spørgeskemaundersøgelser i to bebyggelser med lavenergi-parcelhuse og i et lavenergi-kontorbyggeri....

  20. Anbefalinger til organisering af uddannelserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars; Andersen, Lars Døvling; Hornemann, Birte C.;

    2009-01-01

    Notatet sammenfatter de diskussioner, som det af fakulteterne nedsatte udvalg vedrørende nye undervisnings- og eksamensformer har haft, og de anbefalinger til en omlægning af vores uddannelsessystem, som udvalget har valgt at give. Notatet er samtidig en begyndelse på en erfaringsudveksling om ny...

  1. Hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salomonsen, Charlotte Mark

    hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by P. aeruginosa and E. coli in diagnostic material. The distribution of the two pathogens is visualized using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Two histological patterns were observed in the work presented in Article II; one was very hemorrhagic with few bacteria while...... pneumonia associated with E. coli infection. The perivascular localization, tendency for a higher frequency of a very hemorrhagic response and alveolar edema were the only differences noted between hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by P. aeruginosa compared to E. coli. Article III describes an infectious dose...... the interviews with farmers experiencing outbreaks of hemorrhagic pneumonia among their mink was that the disease always started in the mink kits, never in the adults. Furthermore, 39% reported that most deaths occurred in the male mink. The results presented in this thesis suggest that factors of the...

  2. Verrucous endocarditis associated with Streptococcus bovis in mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Karl; Jørgensen, J.C.; Dietz, Hans-Henrik;

    2003-01-01

    Between 1998 and 2001, mortalities due to verrucous endocarditis were experienced at several mink farms. Gram-positive cocci were isolated from the endocardium of all the animals examined but not always from other internal organs. Almost all the isolates were identified as Streptococcus bovis and...... only a few isolates belonged to other Streptococcus species. Typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of a selection of isolates revealed several patterns and several different clones. Attempts to reproduce disease by the injection of cultures of a field isolate into healthy mink failed....

  3. Diversity and stability of Aleutian mink disease virus during bottleneck transitions resulting from eradication in domestic mink in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Laurids Siig; Hansen, Lene Gram; Chriél, Mariann;

    2011-01-01

    Aleutian mink disease (plasmacytosis) virus (AMDV) in domestic mink (Neovison vison) has been subject to eradication in Denmark since 1976. In 2001, approximately 5% of Danish mink farms were still infected and all were located in the northern part of the peninsula of Jutland. In the present study...... cluster compared with Swedish, Finnish and Dutch isolates and seem to represent a minor fraction of the genetic diversity previously found in Denmark. Stability of nucleoide deviations reveals that the purifying selection of bottlenecks imposed on the AMDV population in Denmark by the stamping out policy...... was a predisposing risk parameter for disease outbreak at a farm, and strain identity substantiates the suggestion that inadequate disinfection is involved in the recurrence of outbreaks. In cases of new introductions to farms it is indicated that contact including transport between farms played a...

  4. Application of qPCR assays for diagnosing causes of viral mink diarrhea. Preliminary results

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartby, Christina Marie; Kvisgaard, Lise Kirstine; Larsen, Lars Erik;

    ). Diarrhea in mink can be caused by infectious agents (virus, bacteria and parasites) and food-related/multifactorial conditions. Known enteric viral infections are mink enteritis virus (MEV) and mink astrovirus. Coronaviruses and caliciviruses have also been implicated as potential causes or contributors to...... diarrhea in mink. Rotavirus is poorly described in mink, but has previously been demonstrated in feces from mink pups with and without clinical signs (Jorgensen et al. 1996). The pathogenicity of these viruses could be related to viral load, virulence and the age of the mink. Therefore, there is a need for...... a quantitative diagnostic approach. We have developed new or adapted previously published real-time PCR/RT-PCR assays for MEV, astrovirus, rota- and coronavirus diagnostics. The technical test validation was initially carried out on archived diarrhea samples from diagnosed positive animals and on...

  5. En gave til skolernes litteraturundervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter Stein

    2015-01-01

    Mens Caspar Erics debutdigtsamling, " 7/ 11", fra sidste år var præget af en stil, hvor der i en hæsblæsende strøm blev refereret til Facebook, You-Tube, iPhone, mp3, Macbook, Twitter og Netflix, frem for at man fik noget at vide om, hvad der rørte sig i ... ......Mens Caspar Erics debutdigtsamling, " 7/ 11", fra sidste år var præget af en stil, hvor der i en hæsblæsende strøm blev refereret til Facebook, You-Tube, iPhone, mp3, Macbook, Twitter og Netflix, frem for at man fik noget at vide om, hvad der rørte sig i ... ...

  6. Stabile kloningsvektorer til Vibrio cholerae

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Malene; Jakobsen, Henrik; Larsen, Marie B.; Rasmussen, Maria H; Schrøder, Nanna B.

    2005-01-01

    Vi har forsøgt at konstruere stabile, plasmidbaserede ekspressions-/kloningsvektorer til Vibrio cholerae. Ideelt burde sådanne vektorer baseres på naturlige plasmider fra Vibrio cholerae, men idet Vibrio cholerae sjældent indeholder plasmider, tog vi i stedet udgangspunkt i velkarakteriserede kloningsvektorer fra Escherichia coli. I projektet undersøges fire kloningsvektorer med hver deres karakteristika. Det lykkedes at indføre dem i Vibrio cholerae. Med udgangspunkt i den ene vektor vises, ...

  7. Pneumocystosis associated with canine distemper virus infection in a mink.

    OpenAIRE

    Dyer, N W; Schamber, G J

    1999-01-01

    An adult mink from a farm experiencing 100% mortality in affected animals was submitted for diagnostic examination. Clinical history included signs of respiratory disease, oculonasal discharge, and thickening of footpads. Canine distemper virus and Pneumocystis carinii were identified in lung tissue, suggesting immunosuppresion and secondary infection due to morbillivirus disease.

  8. Toxaphene in minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) from the North Atlantic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toxaphene contamination of minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) from North Atlantic waters was examined for the first time. Total toxaphene and ΣCHB (sum of 11 chlorobornanes) concentrations in blubber samples ranged from 170 ± 110 and 41 ± 39 ng/g lipid weight (l.w.) for female minke whales from southeastern Greenland to 5800 ± 4100 and 1100 ± 780 ng/g l.w. for males from the North Sea, respectively. Very large variations in toxaphene concentrations among sampling areas were observed suggesting a spatial segregation of minke whales. However, much of the apparent geographical discrimination was explained by the seasonal fluctuation of animal fat mass. Patterns of CHBs in males revealed that recalcitrant CHBs were in higher proportions in animals from the more easterly areas than in animals from the more westerly areas. This trend may be influenced by the predominance of the US, over the European, input of toxaphene to North Atlantic waters. - High levels of toxaphene were found in different sub-populations of minke whales from North Atlantic waters

  9. Astrovirus epidemiologically linked to pre-weaning diarrhoea in mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Englund, L.; Chriél, Mariann; Dietz, H.H.; Hedlund, K.O.

    2002-01-01

    Sweden to investigate whether enteric virus infections! may be a risk factor in the development of pre-weaning diarrhoea. Tissue samples from the enteric tract of 180 sacrificed mink kits were analysed histologically. Faecal contents were examined by electron microscopy (EM). Astrovirus was detected in...

  10. Development of vocalization and hearing in American mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Christian; Malmkvist, Jens; Nielsen, Rasmus L; Brande-Lavridsen, Nanna; Surlykke, Annemarie

    2013-01-01

    American mink (Neovison vison) kits are born altricial and fully dependent 40 on maternal care, for which the kits' vocalisations appear essential. We used Auditory Brainstem Recording (ABR) to determine (1) hearing sensitivity of adult females from two breeding lines known to differ in maternal...

  11. Verrucous endocarditis associated with Streptococcus bovis in mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Karl; Jørgensen, J.C.; Dietz, Hans-Henrik; Andersen, T.H.

    2003-01-01

    Between 1998 and 2001, mortalities due to verrucous endocarditis were experienced at several mink farms. Gram-positive cocci were isolated from the endocardium of all the animals examined but not always from other internal organs. Almost all the isolates were identified as Streptococcus bovis and...

  12. Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against mink leukocytes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, W.S.; Pedersen, Mikael; Gram-Nielsen, S.;

    1997-01-01

    Three monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were generated against mink leukocytes. One antibody reacted with all T lymphocytes, one with all monocytes and one had platelet reactivity. Under reducing conditions, the T lymphocyte reactive antibody immunoprecipitated 18 kDa, 23 kDa, 25 kDa and 32-40 kDa pol...

  13. Aleutian mink disease virus in striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis): evidence for cross-species spillover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nituch, Larissa A; Bowman, Jeff; Wilson, Paul J; Schulte-Hostedde, Albrecht I

    2015-04-01

    Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) causes a parvovirus infection, initially characterized in American mink (Neovison vison), that may have harmful effects on wild populations of susceptible animals. In North America, where American mink are native, the origin, host range, and prevalence of AMDV in wild species is not clear. We studied striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) and raccoons (Procyon lotor) to determine whether species sympatric with mink are potential reservoirs in the transmission of AMDV to wild mink and mink farms. Antibodies to AMDV were detected in 41% of skunk serum samples (143/347) and AMDV nucleic acids were detected in 32% (14/40) of skunk spleen samples by PCR, indicating that AMDV exposure and infection were frequent in skunks. We detected no AMDV antibodies in 144 raccoon blood samples. Phylogenetic analysis revealed a newly identified AMDV haplogroup consisting of isolates from Ontario skunks and a free-ranging domestic mink from Ontario. Our findings of frequent AMDV infection in skunks, close genetic similarity between skunk and mink AMDV isolates, and evidence of AMDV transmission from skunks to mink support the hypothesis that skunks may be acting as alternative hosts and reservoirs of AMDV to wild mink through cross-species virus spillover. PMID:25647590

  14. Warszawa - Fra kommunismeklodser til kapitalkaos

    OpenAIRE

    Knutz, Christel Helene; Skaarup Larsen, Hans; Eltzholtz, Emilie; Landt Lerche, Stinus; Rogova, Alissa

    2013-01-01

    Efter 2. Verdenskrig lå 85 % af byen Warszawa i ruiner. Efter krigen kom kommunisterne til magten og introducerede et nyt planlægningsparadigme for byen, efter det klasseløse socialistiske ideal. Den socialistiske planlægning er tydeligt manifesteret i Polens hovedstad med inspiration fra Le Corbusiers bo-maskiner og andre kommunistiske symboler. Et af kommunismens eksempler på den socialistiske planlægning er boligblokkene i Za Zelazna Brama. Da muren faldt i 1989 blev der ind...

  15. Er Kenya klar til valget?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laugesen, Henrik

    Den 17. januar begyndte nomineringen af Kenyas kommende politikere. De politikere, der efter valget skal lede Østafrikas regionale stormagt frem til 2018. Nomineringsprocessen gav flere forskellige interessante indikationer på Kenyas ”demokratiske parathed” og dermed måske også en god fornemmelse...... af, hvordan det kommende valg i marts vil forløbe. Dette brief kommer med et bud på, om Kenya kan gøre sig fri af de mørke skygger fra valget i 2007....

  16. Rettskildeverdien til UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts. Kan prinsippene erstatte bakgrunnsretten? Forholdet til preseptorisk rett. Hva skjer i tilfeller der det er tomrom? Forholdet til nasjonal rett.

  17. Environmental enrichment reduces signs of boredom in caged mink.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca K Meagher

    Full Text Available Animals housed in impoverished cages are often labelled 'bored'. They have also been called 'apathetic' or 'depressed', particularly when profoundly inactive. However, these terms are rarely operationally defined and validated. As a negative state caused by under-stimulation, boredom should increase interest in stimuli of all kinds. Apathy (lack of interest, by contrast, should manifest as decreased interest in all stimuli, while anhedonia (loss of pleasure, a depressive symptom should specifically decrease interest in normally rewarding stimuli. We tested the hypotheses that mink, a model carnivore, experience more boredom, depression-like apathy, or anhedonia in non-enriched (NE cages than in complex, enriched (E cages. We exposed 29 subjects (13 E, 16 NE to ten stimuli categorized a priori as aversive (e.g. air puffs, rewarding (e.g. evoking chasing or ambiguous/neutral (e.g. candles. Interest in stimuli was assessed via latencies to contact, contact durations, and durations oriented to stimuli. NE mink contacted all stimuli faster (P = 0.003 than E mink, and spent longer oriented to/in contact with them, albeit only significantly so for ambiguous ones (treatment*type P<0.013. With stimulus category removed from statistical models, interest in all stimuli was consistently higher among NE mink (P<0.0001 for all measures. NE mink also consumed more food rewards (P = 0.037. Finally, we investigated whether lying down while awake and stereotypic behaviour (both increased by NE housing predicted these responses. Lying awake positively co-varied with certain measures of increased exploration. In contrast, stereotypic 'scrabbling' or locomotion (e.g. pacing did not. Overall, NE mink showed no evidence of apathy or depression, but instead a heightened investigation of diverse stimuli consistent with boredom. This state was potentially indicated by spending much time lying still but awake (although this result requires replication. Boredom can

  18. Fra Kulturformidling til Kulturmødesteder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langer, Roy

    2004-01-01

    kommunikationsnetværk tager til gengæld udgangspunkt i, at migranter altid er tilknyttet forskellige netværk; gen-nem disse netværk modificeres, modereres eller afvises de udsendte informationer. Kommunikationsteoriernes metodologiske præmisser er bundet til forskellige sprogspil og benytter sig af de dertil hørende...

  19. Guide til evaluering af Den motiverende samtale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Anita; Douw, Karla

    , den er forståelig, overskuelig og nem at gå til SEG mangler en bedre beskrivelse af konteksten (eksempelvis hvilken type borger og om samtalen var planlagt) og har tendens til at virke overfladisk Boksen om samtalens struktur i SEG giver store problemer, idet der ofte vil svares nej på trods af...

  20. Tid til eftertanke i Danske Bank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Det er tankevækkende, at Danske Bank aldrig har taget initiativ til en åben, viden- skabelig analyse af bankens historie.......Det er tankevækkende, at Danske Bank aldrig har taget initiativ til en åben, viden- skabelig analyse af bankens historie....

  1. Mere kapital til systemisk vigtige finansielle institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grosen, Anders

    . Basel-komiteen har endnu ikke udformet konkrete krav til systemisk vigtige finansielle institutioner, men rammerne for de samlede regulative Basel III-kapitalkrav er i dag så langt fremme, at de schweiziske myndigheders forslag til kapitalkrav for systemiske institutioner i det følgende sammenlignes med...... Basel III....

  2. Associations between biosecurity and outbreaks of canine distemper on Danish mink farms in 2012–2013

    OpenAIRE

    Gregers-Jensen, Louise; Agger, Jens Frederik; Hammer, Anne Sofie Vedsted; Andresen, Lars; Chriél, Mariann; Hagberg, Emma; Jensen, Mette Kragh; Hansen, Mette Sif; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Struve, Tina

    2015-01-01

    Background During 8 months from July 2012 to February 2013, a major outbreak of canine distemper involving 64 mink farms occurred on the Danish peninsula of Jutland. The canine distemper outbreak was associated with exposure of farmed mink to infected wild carnivores and could represent a deficit in biosecurity on the mink farms. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent and association of specific biosecurity measures with the outbreak. The study was carried out in an epidemiologic...

  3. Genetic characterization of canine distemper virus involved in outbreaks in farmed mink in Denmark 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Trebbien, Ramona; Struve, T.; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Chriél, Mariann; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2013-01-01

    Danish farmed mink herds experienced a large outbreak of canine distemper virus in 2012. Full-length sequence analysis (1824 nucleotides) of the variable hemagglutinin (H) gene were performed on 27 viruses collected from mink and on 7 viruses collected from wild foxes. Results of the study showed that the farmed mink and wild fox population were infected by identical viruses which strongly indicate an epidemiological link between these populations. Accordingly, diseased and dead foxes were ob...

  4. Therapeutic effect of Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage YH30 on mink hemorrhagic pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Jingmin; Li, Xinwei; Yang, Mei; Du, Chongtao; Cui, Ziyin; Gong, Pengjuan; Xia, Feifei; Song, Jun; Zhang, Lei; Li, Juecheng; Yu, Chuang; Sun, Changjiang; Feng, Xin; Lei, Liancheng; Han, Wenyu

    2016-07-15

    Hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa remains one of the most costly infectious diseases among farmed mink and commonly leads to large economic losses during mink production. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of using phages as a therapy against hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink. A broad-host-range phage from the Podoviridae family, YH30, was isolated using the mink-originating P. aeruginosa (serotype G) D7 strain as a host. The genome of YH30 was 72,192bp (54.92% G+C), contained 86 open reading frames and lacked regions encoding known virulence factors, integration-related proteins or antibiotic resistance determinants. These characteristics make YH30 eligible for use in phage therapy. The results of a curative treatment experiment demonstrated that a single intranasal administration of YH30 was sufficient to cure hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink. The mean colony count of P. aeruginosa in the blood and lung of YH30-protected mink was less than 10(3) CFU/mL (g) within 24h of bacterial challenge and ultimately became undetectable, whereas that in unprotected mink reached more than 10(8) CFU/mL (g). Additionally, YH30 dramatically improved the pathological manifestations of lung injury in mink with hemorrhagic pneumonia. Our work demonstrates the potential of phages to treat P. aeruginosa-caused hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink. PMID:27283850

  5. Contaminants in Otter, Mink and Marten in British Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harding L.

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available As a continuation of studies of mustelids on the Columbia and Fraser River systems in north-western North America, chlorinated hydrocarbon and trace metal contamination of mink, marten and river otter were assessed in relation to physiological and reproductive measures of condition. Mink, marten and river otter were collected during the winters 1994/95 and 1995/96 from commercial trappers. Necropsies included evaluation of the following biological parameters: sex, body mass and length, age, thymus, heart, liver, lung, spleen, pancreas, kidney, gonad, omentum, adrenal gland and baculum (in males masses, baculum length, and stomach contents. Livers were analysed, individually or in pools, for residues of organochlorine (OC pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs and dibenzofurans (PCDFs. Contamination levels were relatively low compared to those documented in other North American populations, although they ranged higher than those detected during an earlier survey (1990-92 of these regional populations. Nutritional condition varied slightly amongst collection regions, but showed no relationships with contaminant burdens. Specifically, mink from the upper Fraser River appeared to have less fat stores (evaluated by stomach contents and omentum mass, but also showed some of the lowest OC contamination levels observed. Similarly, a few individuals with enlarged livers and kidneys had unremarkable contamination profiles. Although a few individuals with gross abnormalities of reproductive systems did not show high levels of contamination, there was a significant negative correlation between Aroclor 1260 concentrations and baculum length in juvenile mink. The influence of baculum length on reproductive success is unknown, but given similar associations found in juvenile otter from Oregon, the incidence of smaller baculum size and its influence on reproduction needs to be further characterized in a larger subset of these

  6. Conservation, personality and ecology of the European mink (Mustela lutreola)

    OpenAIRE

    Haage, Marianne

    2016-01-01

    Loss of biodiversity is a growing problem and hence conservation of species is becoming increasingly important. In this dissertation conservation issues related to the critically endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola) are examined in situ (in the wild) and ex situ (in captivity) on both an individual and community level. It also contains fundamental research as conservation contexts often allow for conclusions beyond applied biology. Individual behavioural differences, e.g. personality, ...

  7. Radiation pasteurization of mink feed: Effect of irradiated feed on reproductive performance, growth and fur quality of mink

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passey, C. A.; Roy, D.; Savoie, L.; Malo, R.; Wilson, J.

    No significant differences were observed in the net birth rate of kits/female between the 7 breeding groups. However, there was reduced incidence (P = 0.05) of kit deaths among the females receiving irradiated feed, and larger kit size (P grade). Moreover, there was no effect of irradiated feed on fur quality. Irradiation of mink feed with subsequent frozen storage of the meat component improved the microbiological quality by decreasing the incidence of Pseudomonas sp. and Salmonella sp. Radiation pasteurization of mink feed (frozen meat to 1 kGy, and dry feed to 2 kGy or more) should therefore help improve feed utilization, keep the animals healthier, and reproducing better without affecting fur quality.

  8. Trang eller tvang til udvikling?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsén, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Siden 1980’erne i USA og siden 1990’erne i Danmark har coachingbølgen bredt sig med en utrolig gennemslagskraft. Det gælder både i hverdagslivet, i arbejdslivet og i uddannelserne. Alle synes at efterspørge coaching – og vil selv være coaches. Forfatteren kender det fra sin egen arbejdsplads......, universitetet: de studerende ønsker det inderligt. Måske ligefrem en coach til hver. Som en anmelder skrev om et beslægtet fænomen (nemlig Otto Scharmers populære teori U): Den synes at være svaret på en længsel. Men hvilken længsel? – og hvilket svar?...

  9. Full protection in mink against mink enteritis virus with new generation canine parvovirus vaccines based on synthetic peptide or recombinant protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langeveld, J. P.; Kamstrup, Søren; Uttenthal, Åse;

    1995-01-01

    Two recently developed vaccines—one based on synthetic peptide and one based on recombinant capsid protein—fully protected dogs against heavy experimental canine parvovirus (CPV) infection. The high sequence homology (>98%) and antigenic similarity between CPV and mink enteritis virus (MEV), feline...... panleukopenia virus, and raccoon parvovirus, suggest that both vaccines could protect mink, cats and raccoons against these respective host range variants. This was tested in mink and turned out to be the case. The two vaccines were fully protective and as effective as a conventional commercial vaccine based on...

  10. Konsumentenes assosiasjoner til merkevaren Hennes & Mauritz

    OpenAIRE

    Martinsen, Camilla

    2014-01-01

    Formål – Hovedformålet med denne oppgaven var å kartlegge hvilke assosiasjoner konsumenter hadde til merkevaren Hennes & Mauritz. Fokuset i studien har vært på assosiasjonene til lojalitet, opplevd kvalitet, merkevarekjennskap og sosialt ansvar (CSR). Metode – For å belyse oppgavens problemstilling og avdekke de ulike assosiasjonene valgte jeg å benytte meg av dybdeintervju. Dette for å ha muligheten til å nå inn i konsumentenes tanker og følelser å få frem mest mulig relevant informasjon....

  11. Elektroniske refusjonskrav til HELFO – en kilde til kunnskap om psykomotoriske fysioterapeuter?

    OpenAIRE

    Øien, Vidar

    2013-01-01

    Når fysioterapeuter i privat praksis hever trygderefusjon for behandling av pasienter, sender de inn et elektronisk oppgjør til Helseøkonomiforvaltningen (HELFO). Informasjonen i dette oppgjøret blir lagret i en database som brukes av offentlige myndigheter til ulike analyser og raporter av fysioterapeutenes praksis. Majoriteten av psykomotoriske fysioterapeuter arbeider i privat praksis og sender inn informasjon til denne databasen. Av informasjonen som blir lagret i databasen er det spesiel...

  12. Energy metabolism in young mink kits (Neovison vison) affected by protein and carbohydrate level in the diet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellwing, Anne Louise Frydendahl; Hansen, NE; Tauson, A-H

    The mink is a strict carnivore and mink diets usually have a high content of protein. The energy metabolism in young minks in the transition period from milk to solid food is not investigated in detail, and the protein requirement is poorly defined. The substrate oxidation can give useful informa...

  13. Mortality in farmed mink: Systematic collection versus arbitrary submissions for diagnostic investigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rattenborg, Erik; Dietz, Hans-Henrik; Andersen, T.H.;

    1999-01-01

    The distribution of diagnoses of mortality in mink submitted to the Danish Veterinary Laboratory (DVL) for diagnostic investigation in the calendar year 1997 was compared with the diagnoses of mortality in all dead mink collected at 4 selected farms (project farms) during the same period. A total...

  14. Rapid detection of self-biting disease of mink by specific sequence-characterized amplified regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zong-yue; NING Fang-yong; YANG Hong-yan; WEI Lai; BAI Xiu-juan

    2011-01-01

    Self-biting disease occurred in most farmed fur animals in the world. The mechanism and rapid detection method of this disease has not been reported. We applied bulked sergeant analysis (BSA) in combination with RAPD method to analyze a molecular genetic marker linked with self-biting trait in mink group. The molecular marker was converted into sequence-characterized amplified regions (SCAR) marker for rapid detection of this disease. A single RAPD marker A8 amplified a specific band of 263bp in self-biting minks, which was designated as SRA8-250,and non-specific band of 315bp in both self-biting and healthy minks.The sequences of the bands exhibited 75% and 88% similarity to Canis familiarizes major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class Ⅱ region and Macaca mulatta MHC class Ⅰ region, respectively. A SCAR marker SCAR-A8 was designed for the specific fragment SRA8-250 and validated in 30 self-biting minks and 30 healthy minks. Positive amplification of SCAR-A8 was detected in 24 self-biting minks and 12 healthy minks. x2 test showed significant difference (p<0.01) in the detection rate between the two groups. This indicated that SRA8-250 can be used as a positive marker to detect self-biting disease in minks. Furthermore, the finding that self-biting disease links with MHC genes has significant implications for the mechanism of the disease.

  15. The first linkage map of the American mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Menzorov, A.; Serov, O.;

    2007-01-01

    Described herein, the first microsatellite linkage map for the American mink consists of 85 microsatellite markers resolved into 17 linkage groups. The map was constructed using 92 F1 progeny from five sire families created by crossing mink with different colour types. The linkage groups ranged...

  16. The effect of handling and training on measures of affective state of farmed mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Pernille Maj

    2012-01-01

    The present study aimed to examine if handling and training female mink on a learning task, as preparation for a cognitive bias test, had an effect on measures of their affective state. Adult female farm mink were used based on measures of approach/avoidance behaviour, and categorised as explorat...

  17. Utilization of milk amino acids for body gain in suckling mink (Mustela vison) kits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tauson, Anne-Helene; Fink, Rikke; Hansen, Niels E; Chwalibog, André

    2005-01-01

    The efficiency of utilization of milk amino acids for body gain in suckling mink kits from small (n = 3), medium (n = 6) and large litters (n = 9) was investigated by using 36 mink dams and their litters for measurements during lactation weeks 1 through 4. Measurements on each dam and litter were...

  18. Diurnal activity patterns of farm mink (Mustela vison) subjected to different feeding routines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Steffen W; Møller, Steen H

    2008-01-01

    Diurnal patterns and time courses of activity and feed availability were investigated in three generations of farmed mink (2003-2005) subjected to three different feedings routines; normal farm feeding (close to average ad libitum), ad libitum, and restricted feeding. The mink were fed daily at h...

  19. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish farmed mink (Mustela vison S.)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, P; Dietz, H. H.; Uttenthal, Åse; Hansen, M.

    1994-01-01

    One hundred and ninety-five mink sera randomly selected from 17 Danish mink farms were evaluated for the presence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in the latex agglutination test. Six (3%) sera contained T. gondii antibodies in titres of 1:64 or more. The estimated 3% prevalence means that 300 000...

  20. Typing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salomonsen, Charlotte Mark; Themudo, G. E.; Jelsbak, Lars; Molin, Søren; Høiby, N.; Hammer, Anne Sofie

    Hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink (Neovison vison) is caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and is an acute and fatal disease in farmed mink. Earlier work has demonstrated that some outbreaks of hemorrhagic pneumonia are caused by pathogenic strains while most outbreaks are caused by local strains. The...

  1. Passive transfer of antiviral antibodies restricts replication of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus in vivo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alexandersen, Søren; Larsen, S; Cohn, A.;

    1989-01-01

    When mink kits were infected neonatally with a highly virulent strain of Aleutian disease virus (ADV), 100% of both Aleutian and non-Aleutian genotype mink died of interstitial pneumonia characterized by permissive ADV infection of alveolar type II cells. Treatment of infected kits with either mi...

  2. Tid til at optrappe i Ukraine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian L.

    2015-01-01

    Man redder ingen menneskeliv ved at nægte ukrainerne midler til at forsvare sig selv. Man vinder ikke en krig med tæpper, som præsident Petro Porosjenko fortalte den amerikanske kongres i september....

  3. Lydpuder med musik til psykiatriske patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2009-01-01

    Kort gennemgang af musikmedicinske og musikterapeutiske målsætninger og arbejdsmåder i psykiatrien i Danmark. Omtale af forsøg med musiklytning via "lyttepude" til psykiatriske patienter.......Kort gennemgang af musikmedicinske og musikterapeutiske målsætninger og arbejdsmåder i psykiatrien i Danmark. Omtale af forsøg med musiklytning via "lyttepude" til psykiatriske patienter....

  4. Fører nye kommunikationsteknologier til didaktisering?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elf, Nikolaj Frydensbjerg

    2011-01-01

    (Uddrag). I denne præsentation fremlægges foreløbige empiriske analyser og tentative fund fra forskningsprojektet Writing to Learn, Learning to Write ledet af Ellen Krogh (se diverse referencer til begreber anvendt nedenfor i projektbeskrivelsen).......(Uddrag). I denne præsentation fremlægges foreløbige empiriske analyser og tentative fund fra forskningsprojektet Writing to Learn, Learning to Write ledet af Ellen Krogh (se diverse referencer til begreber anvendt nedenfor i projektbeskrivelsen)....

  5. Nye materialer til fremtidens genopladelige batterier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Christian Kolle; Henriksen, Christian; Ravnsbæk, Dorthe Bomholdt

    2015-01-01

    Udnyttelse af genopladelige batterier i el-biler og til opbevaring af vedvarende energi sætter nye krav til batteriets ydeevne, effektivitet, sikkerhed og ikke mindst pris. I udviklingen af nye batterimaterialer er detaljeret forståelse af de processer, der sker på atomar skala, når batteriet af......- og oplades, essentielt for udviklingen af designkriterier for fremtidens forbedrede batterier....

  6. Can spectroscopy in combination with chemometrics replace minks in digestibility tests?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, P.L.; Christensen, B.M.; Munck, L.; Larsen, Erling; Engelsen, S.B.

    2000-01-01

    One of the most relevant but expensive methods of assessing the quality of fish meal is the physiological digestibility test with minks. The purpose of this study was to determine whether spectroscopic and chemical analyses evaluated with chemometrics can replace minks in digestibility tests. The...... spectroscopic methods used were the two complementary techniques of fluorescence emission and near-infrared reflectance. The investigation included 54 samples of high-quality fish meal ranging from 89.6 to 93.9 on the mink digestibility index. The investigation also included determination of seven quality...... parameters in the fish meal to substantiate the spectroscopic models on the mink digestibility. These quality parameters include the content of protein, oil, water, water-soluble protein, ash and the biogenic substance cadaverine as well as the titration value. The study demonstrates that the mink...

  7. Cadmium, mercury and selenium concentrations in mink (Mustela vison) from Yukon, Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gamberg, Mary [Gamberg Consulting, Box 10460, Whitehorse, Yukon, Y1A 7A1 (Canada)]. E-mail: mary.gamberg@northwestel.net; Boila, Gail [Freshwater Institute, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 501 University Crescent, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N6 (Canada); Stern, Gary [Freshwater Institute, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 501 University Crescent, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N6 (Canada); Roach, Patrick [Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Suite 300, 300 Main Street, Whitehorse, Yukon, Y1A 2B5 (Canada)

    2005-12-01

    Mercury (total and methyl), cadmium and selenium concentrations were measured in liver, kidney and brain tissue from mink trapped from the Yukon Territory from 2001-2002. None of these metals was found at levels of toxicological concern. Total mercury averaged 0.66, 0.92 and 0.22 {mu}g g{sup -1} in mink kidney, liver and brain tissue respectively, while methyl mercury averaged 0.77, 0.85 and 0.21 {mu}g g{sup -1} in the same tissues. Selenium averaged 2.07, 1.40 and 0.39 {mu}g g{sup -1} in mink kidney, liver and brain tissue, while cadmium was only measured in kidneys and averaged 0.22 {mu}g g{sup -1}. All element concentrations are presented on a wet weight basis. Concentrations of total mercury in all tissues were significantly higher in female than male mink, possibly reflecting proportionally greater food consumption by the smaller females. Total mercury concentrations were inversely related to the proportion of mercury present as methylmercury, and positively related to concentrations of selenium, consistent with increasing demethylation of methylmercury, and the formation of mercuric selenide as total concentrations of mercury increased. This relationship was seen most strongly in mink liver, less so in kidneys and not at all in brains where most of the mercury was maintained in the methyl form. There did not appear to be any geographical areas in which mink had obviously higher concentrations of mercury, and there was frequently a relatively large range of mercury levels found in mink from a given trapline. Mink diet may be a factor in this variation. Local environmental levels of cadmium were not reflected in cadmium concentrations in mink tissues. Mercury, cadmium and selenium do not appear to constitute environmental hazards to mink in the Yukon.

  8. Intestinal remodelling in mink fed with reduced protein content

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Pengmin; Zhao, Jingbo; Nielsen, Vivi Hunnicke;

    2009-01-01

    Low protein intake occurs in humans in relation to diseases, starvation and post-operatively. Low-protein diets may affect the gastrointestinal structure and mechanical function. The aim was to study the passive biomechanical properties and tissue remodelling of the intestine in minks on reduced...... images of the intestinal segments at pre-selected pressures, no-load and zero-stress states, respectively. Circumferential and longitudinal stresses (force per area) and strains (deformation) were computed. The layer thickness was measured from intestinal histological images. No difference in body weight...

  9. Litter size, fur quality and genetic analyses of American mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thirstrup, Janne Pia

    Mink is a production animal breed for the fur. Both quality and quantity of the produced skin are important for the producer. In these analyses both fur quality traits, such as structure of guard hair and wool, which determines the quality of the skin, and litter size which determines the quantity...... of the skin, have been analyzed. Both fur quality traits and litter size are complex traits underlying quantitative genetic variation. Methods for estimating genetic variance, spanning from pedigree information to the use of different genetic markers, have been utilized in order to gain knowledge...

  10. Edb-programmet STALDVENT til dimensionering af ventilationsanlæg til stalde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morsing, S.; Strøm, J.S.

    STALDVENT anvendes til at dimensionere luftmængder, udvælge komponenter samt prissætte ventilationsanlæg til stalde. Programmet kan således bruges i forbindelse med planlægning, projektering og renovering af husdyrsstalde, hvor alternative ventilationsmuligheder hurtigt kan gennemregnes med henbl...

  11. Arbejdsmiljøseminarer som en metode til at skabe motivation, ansvar og ejerskab til sikkerhedsarbejdet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Louise

    2011-01-01

    arbejdsmiljøseminarer som en ny metode til på en meningsfuld måde systematisk at involvere mellemlederne og de ansatte i virksomhedernes sikkerhedsarbejde og dermed potentielt at fremme deres motivation, ansvar og ejerskab til dette. Arbejdsmiljøseminarer tager udgangspunkt i de ansattes faglige ekspertise og...

  12. Radiographic evaluation of destructive periodontal disease in blue mink in relation to age and blood morphology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammer, Anne Sofie; Andersen, Thomas Holmen; Eriksen, Thomas;

    2005-01-01

    bone loss and tooth loss. There was a high prevalence of destructive periodontal disease among blue mink included in this study. Mild to moderate periodontal disease (defined by less than 50% alveolar bone loss related to 1 or more teeth) affected 73.7% of young mink (age = 7 mo) and 67.9% of older...... animals (age &GE; 19 mo). Severe periodontal disease (defined by more than 50% bone loss related to one or more teeth) was not detected in mink aged 7 mo, but affected 15.3% of mink aged 19 mo and 39.6% of mink aged 31 mo. The positive relationship between age and periodontal disease was statistically...... in the mink was related to and possibly caused by destructive periodontal disease. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of periodontal disease between the 2 genotypes and age was found to be the only statistical predictor of poor production results (P < 0.01) in blue mink....

  13. Comparison of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from mink by serotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammer, Anne Sofie; Pedersen, Karl; Andersen, Thomas Holmen;

    2003-01-01

    Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from clinical infections in mink were subjected to serotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using SpeI. A total of 212 isolates of P aeruginosa from the year 1998 to 2001 were included in this study: 168 isolates from mink obtained from 74 farm out...... pathogenic strains of R aeruginosa spread between farms and animals either mechanically, or through feed or water from a common source, rather than by random nosocomial infections with strains from the farm environment.......Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from clinical infections in mink were subjected to serotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using SpeI. A total of 212 isolates of P aeruginosa from the year 1998 to 2001 were included in this study: 168 isolates from mink obtained from 74 farm...... outbreaks of haemorrhagic pneumonia. Isolates from mink were separated into 34 distinct clones by PFGE subtyping. All isolates from mink infected during the same farm outbreak were identical, except in one case where two different strains were isolated from mink obtained from the same farm outbreak. R...

  14. Radiographic evaluation of destructive periodontal disease in blue mink in relation to age and blood morphology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammer, Anne Sofie; Andersen, Thomas Holmen; Eriksen, Thomas; Kortegaard, Hanne E.; Dietz, Hans Henrik; Chriél, Mariann

    2005-01-01

    animals (age &GE; 19 mo). Severe periodontal disease (defined by more than 50% bone loss related to one or more teeth) was not detected in mink aged 7 mo, but affected 15.3% of mink aged 19 mo and 39.6% of mink aged 31 mo. The positive relationship between age and periodontal disease was statistically...... bone loss and tooth loss. There was a high prevalence of destructive periodontal disease among blue mink included in this study. Mild to moderate periodontal disease (defined by less than 50% alveolar bone loss related to 1 or more teeth) affected 73.7% of young mink (age = 7 mo) and 67.9% of older...... in the mink was related to and possibly caused by destructive periodontal disease. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of periodontal disease between the 2 genotypes and age was found to be the only statistical predictor of poor production results (P < 0.01) in blue mink....

  15. Diagnosis of Canine Distemper Virus from Mink%貂犬瘟热病的诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    永措; 刁富花; 汪生贵

    2012-01-01

    貂犬瘟热是危害貂、狐、貉最严重的烈性传染病之一.作者对某貂养殖场的病死貂进行临床症状观察,病理剖检及实验室诊断,通过病毒的分离培养及鉴定,确诊病死貂为貂犬瘟热病毒感染.鉴于养殖场中该病的存在及对养貂业的危害,建议加强对貂犬瘟热病的诊断及监控.%Mink distemper is one of the most serious deadly infectious diseases to mink or fox. The paper introduced a mink farm. The clinical symptoms, pathological lesions and laboratory diagnosis were observed, and mink distemper was detected by virus isolation culture and RT-PCR,the final diagnosis result was mink distemper. Because of the existence of the disease and the harm fulness to the mink industry, the diagnosis and monitoring of mink distemper should be strengthening.

  16. Minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) respond to navy training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Stephen W; Martin, Cameron R; Matsuyama, Brian M; Henderson, E Elizabeth

    2015-05-01

    Minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) were acoustically detected and localized via their boing calls using 766 h of recorded data from 24 hydrophones at the U.S. Navy's Pacific Missile Range Facility located off Kauai, Hawaii. Data were collected before, during, and after naval undersea warfare training events, which occurred in February over three consecutive years (2011-2013). Data collection in the during periods were further categorized as phase A and phase B with the latter being the only period with naval surface ship activities (e.g., frigate and destroyer maneuvers including the use of mid-frequency active sonar). Minimum minke whale densities were estimated for all data periods based upon the numbers of whales acoustically localized within the 3780 km(2) study area. The 2011 minimum densities in the study area were: 3.64 whales [confidence interval (CI) 3.31-4.01] before the training activity, 2.81 whales (CI 2.31-3.42) for phase A, 0.69 whales (CI 0.27-1.8) for phase B and 4.44 whales (CI 4.04-4.88) after. The minimum densities for the phase B periods were highly statistically significantly lower (p < 0.001) from all other periods within each year, suggesting a clear response to the phase B training. The phase A period results were mixed when compared to other non-training periods. PMID:25994686

  17. Til forsvar for barns spontane lek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Einar Sundsdal

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Barndommens far, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778, og senere, barnehagens grunnlegger, Friedrich Frøbel (1782-1852, var begge opptatt av barndom og barns mulighet til å tape tid. Dette ble betegnet som negativ pedagogikk og innebar blant annet at barn skulle fordrive tiden med det som passet for barn: lek. Barna skulle få holde på for seg selv, voksne skulle ikke bedrive undervisning, men la barn oppdage verden selv. Disse tankene har vært sentrale for vår moderne forestilling om barndom, og de har vært premissgivende for Barnekonvensjonen som slår fast at alle barn har rett til å leke. Også i dag har leken en sentral posisjon når vi snakker om barndom, men nå knyttes den til en forestilling om å vinne tid. Barn blir nå skjøvet fremover slik at de ikke skal kaste bort tiden - tape tiden - men utnytte den mest mulig effektivt med tanke på et fremtidig resultat. Denne logikken har bidratt til at FN i 2013 gikk ut og advarte om at barns rett til lek er truet. I denne artikkelen vil vi forfølge FNs forsvar for barns spontane lek. Vi vil gjøre dette blant annet ved å vise at lekens egenverdi står stadig sterkere innen en rekke forskningstradisjoner.

  18. Mapping of the silver gene in mink and its association with the dilution gene in dog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Christensen, Knud

    2007-01-01

    In mink, recessive and dominant genes carry standard colors from generation to generation but breeding and cross breeding of naturally occurring mutations (color changes) has resulted in farmed animals bearing colors that do not exist in nature. The silver blue color type is one of the msot used...... the melanophilin gene (which generates 'silver-like' phenotype in dog) was in situ cross-hybridized onto the mink chromosomes and the result strongly supports the linkage data. Therefore the silver phenotype in the American mink presumably involves the melanophilin gene (MLPH)....

  19. Identifying QTL for fur quality traits in mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thirstrup, Janne Pia; Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Guldbrandtsen, Bernt;

    2012-01-01

    Mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting fur quality traits (guard hair length, guard hair thikness, and density of woll) was performed in a 3-generation population (F2-design). In the parental generation, Nordic wild mink were crossed reciprocally with American short nap mink. Twenty one...... wade on all genotyped mink by Kopenhagen Fur. The QTL analyses were performed by least square regression implemented in the software Grid QTL. Evidence was found for QTL for the fur quality on eight autosomal chromosomes (LOD score >3.0). QTL were detected for guard hair thickness on chromosomes 1, 2...

  20. Activity Based Costings anvendelse til beslutningstagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen

    2007-01-01

    Activity-Based Costing (ABC) er stadig ét af mest omtalte "moderne" økonomistyringsværktøjer såvel blandt private virksomheder af undersøgelsen, som i offentlige organisationer. En ny state-of-the-art undersøgelse af 90 mellemstore og større danske fremstillingsvirksomheder blev gennemført i 2003...... relation til de fremtidige muligheder, herunder en cost/benefit betragtning ved implementering af ABC. Vi har tilføjet en del kvalitative kommentarer, som respondenterne har tilføjet. Disse er vigtige i forhold til en forståelse for, hvorfor eller hvorfor ikke ABC anvendes. Til sidst perspektiveres også...

  1. Fra Industrial Organization (IO) til Porters strategiske brancheperspektiv:En undervisningsnote til undervisning i strategi

    OpenAIRE

    Thrane, Claus

    2007-01-01

    Dette notat giver en kortfattet introduktion til det grundlæggende teoretiske fundament for Porters brancheperspektiv. Heri indgår: 1) et kort afsnit om strategifeltets historiske baggrund, 2) en kort beskrivelse af det såkaldte SCP-paradigme inden for IO med særligt fokus på årene op til 1980, 3) en beskrivelse af hvorledes Porter overførte SCP-paradigmet til strategifeltet, samt 4) en meget kort beskrivelse af de to centrale dele i Porter 1980.

  2. Danske lægebøger til menigmand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse, Tove Elisabeth

    2009-01-01

    helt frem til 1900-talet. Bøgerne indfører i en forestillingsverden, hvor arvesynden såvel som den daglige synd er den ultimative årsag til sygdom, der konkret udløses af ubalance i kroppens væsker. Vejen til helbredelse kræver bod, anger og omvendelse til et gudvelbehageligt levned, og i anden omgang...

  3. 2000-tallet: Fra optimisme til krise

    OpenAIRE

    Cappelen, Ådne; Eika, Torbjørn

    2010-01-01

    Norsk økonomi har i deler av det første tiåret på 2000-tallet vokst kraftig og fått ekstra drahjelp gjennom en meget gunstig utvikling i bytteforholdet med utlandet. Økonomien har også klart seg relativt bra gjennom finanskrisen, godt hjulpet av en aktiv finanspolitikk og penge- og kredittpolitikk som ga vesentlige bidrag til å begrense nedturen. En relativ nøktern forvaltning av petroleumsinntektene har vært en av nøklene til at det har gått såpass bra. Petroleumsvirksomheten ...

  4. Motivation til studiegennemførsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske Nielsen, Liselotte; Stelter, Reinhard

    2015-01-01

    Hvordan kan coaching anvendes som motivation, udvikling af studiekompetence, selvværd, selvtillid, sammenhold, studiemiljø og studieglæde, så den studerendes mulighed for fastholdelse og gennemførsel af uddannelsen optimeres og den studerende mestrer study-life balance. Gennemførsel af studiet på...... – eller den forekommer, når studievejlederen har indkaldt til samtale ved manglende studieaktivitet eller en ikke bestået prøve. Gruppevejledninger forekommer ved studieudviklende samtaler til fremme af motivation, studiekompetence og studiemiljø samt ved valgprocesser i studiet. Gruppevejledninger...

  5. PCB i inntaksvann til Alcoa Lista

    OpenAIRE

    Næs, K.

    2009-01-01

    Det er blitt reist spørsmål om inntak av prosessvann til Alcoa Lista kan medføre oppvirvling av PCB-holdig sediment og transportere dette med prosessvannet fra Lundevågen til Husebysanden. Det er derfor blitt målt PCB-innhold i blåskjell fra Lundevågen og fra skjell som lever inne i selve Inntaksrøret for prosessvann. Konsentrasjonene av PCB var relativt lave. SFTs grenseverdi for ubetydelig forurenset blåskjell (tilstandsklasse I) er 4 µg/kg friskvekt. Skjellene fra Fjellstadbukta lå under d...

  6. Ernæring til premature barn

    OpenAIRE

    Von Køppen, Karin Helene

    2013-01-01

    Studien konkluderer med at ernæring er et område som er av stor betydning for premature barn. Metoder som NIDCAP har en positiv innvirkning på ernæringsstatusen til premature barn fordi overgangen fra sondeernæring til oral ernæring går lettere. Behovet for norske anbefalinger er nødvendig for å kunne tilby premature barn den optimale omsorgen som gjør at de har det beste utgangspunktet for å overleve utenfor mors liv.

  7. Studerende - sig ja til international studieaktivitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tove Lise; Steffens, Freja

    2010-01-01

    Vi vil gerne vække interesse for udfordring af faglige vaner og rutiner, et internationalt netværk, sproglig udvikling i arbejdstiden og et kulturelt boost. Læs fire indlæg om udveksling og sig ja til mere international studieaktivitet og erfaring.......Vi vil gerne vække interesse for udfordring af faglige vaner og rutiner, et internationalt netværk, sproglig udvikling i arbejdstiden og et kulturelt boost. Læs fire indlæg om udveksling og sig ja til mere international studieaktivitet og erfaring....

  8. Farvel til globaliseringen som vi kendte den

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Vi er endt med en krise, som rækker langt ud over det globale monetære system, fordi den ideologiske ortodoksi, der skabte den, har ført til udflytning af millioner af arbejdspladser, tæring af nationalstaternes sammenhængskraft og overgreb på naturen. Kronikken refererer bl.a. til John Maynard...... Keynes og en artikel af økonomen Robert Skidelsky i The American Prospect. Udgivelsesdato: 12. januar 2009...

  9. Fra OECD landereview (2004) til folkeskolereform (2014)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sortkær, Bent

    2015-01-01

    I denne artikel undersøges det i hvor høj grad OECD har indflydelse på dansk uddannelsespolitik. Ved at sammenligne OECD’s anbefalinger til Danmark i et landereview fra 2004 med de senere års lovforslag og lovgivning på folkeskoleområdet findes der markante tegn på påvirkning. Derudover finder...... artiklen at OECD bruges i flere uddannelsespolitiske policydokumenter til at begrunde en række ændringer i folkeskolen....

  10. Bliver big data til big business?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Danmark har en digital infrastruktur, en registreringskultur og it-kompetente medarbejdere og kunder, som muliggør en førerposition, men kun hvis virksomhederne gør sig klar til næste big data-bølge.......Danmark har en digital infrastruktur, en registreringskultur og it-kompetente medarbejdere og kunder, som muliggør en førerposition, men kun hvis virksomhederne gør sig klar til næste big data-bølge....

  11. Danske vindmøller til havs

    OpenAIRE

    Flemming Petersen; Jytte Thorndahl

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer udviklingen af de danske havvindmøller i perioden 1991 til 2013. Analysen tager afsæt i forskning inden for vindmøllehistorie med reference til Thomas Hughes teknologiske systemer og M. Callons aktør-netværksteori. Som hovedaktørerne i netværket gennemgås forskellige regeringers energipolitik, elforsyningen, statslige myndigheder, forskere i vindmølleteknologi, lokale og landsdækkende organisationer samt leverandører af teknologi og serviceydelser. Artiklen viser, at det i...

  12. Mobilapplikationers potentiale til understøttelse af specialeprocessen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Nicholai Friis; Albrechtsen, Charlotte; Jensen, Tine Wirenfeldt

    2013-01-01

    Med afsæt i en case om udviklingen af en mobilapplikation til at understøtte specialestuderendes proces argumenterer artiklens forfattere for, at der eksisterer et stort og uudnyttet potentiale i forhold til at udvikle læringsunderstøttende apps til smartphones, ikke mindst når det gælder...

  13. Passive transfer of antiviral antibodies restricts replication of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus in vivo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alexandersen, Søren; Larsen, S; Cohn, A.;

    1989-01-01

    anti-ADV gamma globulin or mouse monoclonal antibodies against ADV structural proteins reduced mortality by 50 to 75% and drastically reduced the severity of clinical signs. Interestingly, mink kits that survived the acute pulmonary disease all developed the chronic form of immune complex......When mink kits were infected neonatally with a highly virulent strain of Aleutian disease virus (ADV), 100% of both Aleutian and non-Aleutian genotype mink died of interstitial pneumonia characterized by permissive ADV infection of alveolar type II cells. Treatment of infected kits with either mink......-mediated Aleutian disease. Thus, the antibodies directed against ADV structural proteins were capable of modulating the in vivo pathogenicity from an acute fulminant disease to a chronic immune complex-mediated disorder. The mechanism of this modulation was examined by strand-specific in situ hybridization. We...

  14. Bite marks in mink—Induced experimentally and as reflection of aggressive encounters between mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Steffen W; Møller, Steen Henrik; Damgaard, Birthe Marie

    2014-01-01

    tFor many years, bite marks have been used as an indicator for aggression in mink productionsystems. However, the validity of bite marks as indicator of aggression has recently beenquestioned. We therefore tested the following hypotheses: (1) experimentally applied pressure to, or penetration of......, the pelt during the growth phase of the winter coat will producemarks that can be recognized as bite marks at pelting, (2) bite marks applied experimentally by use of an artificial tooth or occurring due to social/aggressive interactions (bites)between mink are only visible if pressure/bite on the.......The results showed that: (1) experimentally applied pressure on the skin can be recog-nized as bite marks in brown mink at pelting, (2) bite marks are easier to detect on brownmink than on white coloured mink (P < 0.001), (3) bite marks applied experimentally byuse of an artificial tooth or occurring due to...

  15. Usage of antimicrobials and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among bacteria from mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Karl; Hammer, Anne Sofie; Sørensen, Charlotte Mark;

    2009-01-01

    The usage of antimicrobials for treatment of mink and the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among the most important bacterial pathogens in mink was investigated. The aim of the study was to provide data, which may serve as a basis for the formulation of recommendations for prudent Use of...... antimicrobial's for mink. A total of 164 haemolytic staphylococci. 49 haemolytic streptococci. 39 Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 13 Pasteurella multocida. and 1093 Escherichia coli isolates front Danish mink were included in the Study. A high frequency of resistance among S. intermedius was found for tetracyclines (54.......7%). followed by penicillin (21.7%), lincosamides (20.4%), macrolides (19.1%), and spectinomycin (18.5%). Very low frequencies of resistance were recorded for other antimicrobials. The highest frequency among the E. coli isolates was recorded for ampicillin, streptomycin, sulphonamides, and tetracyclines...

  16. An effort to trap mink in Maine to protect nesting Seabirds 1999

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report details and effort to trap mink and survey black guillemots on islands in outer Penobscot Bay Otter, Roberts, Little Roberts, Carvers, Hay, and...

  17. An effort to trap mink in Maine to protect nesting Seabirds 1998

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report details and effort to trap minks on the islands of Otter, Roberts, Carvers and Hay during the spring of 1998. This is to benefit and protect the...

  18. An effort to trap mink in Maine to protect nesting Seabirds 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Mink were trapped off the seabird nesting islands south east of Vinalhaven, Maine outer Penobscot Bay during the late 1990s, and the local Black Guillemot...

  19. To swim or not to swim: an interpretation of farmed mink's motivation for a water bath

    OpenAIRE

    Vinke, C.M.; Hansen, S W; Mononen, J.; Korhonen, H.; Cooper, J. J.; Mohaibes, M.; Bakken, M.; Spruijt, B.M.

    2008-01-01

    How an animal’s behavioural (ethological) needs can be met is a pivotal issue in the assessment of welfare for captive animals. The value of swimming water for farmed mink is an example how scientific and societal questions relating to animal welfare can be answered. A number of studies have addressed the issue of the indispensability of swimming water for mink; however, so far with inconclusive evidence. In this paper, the results of these studies and related literature are reviewed. Fir...

  20. Range expansion and prey use of American mink in Argentinean Patagonia: dilemmas for conservation

    OpenAIRE

    Fasola, Laura; Muzio, Juan; Chehébar, Claudio; Cassini, Marcelo; Macdonald, David W.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Following the establishment of American mink farms outside North America, the species has successfully invaded Europe and South America, and in some places, their presence demonstrably threatens native biodiversity. We surveyed for mink signs along the Andean Patagonian forest in Argentina from 38?52? S to 54?52? S, revealing that their range has now expanded to span 800 km of contiguous occupation on the continent including several types of wetlands and has also colonised...

  1. Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) scavenge offal from minke (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) whaling operations in Svalbard (Norway)

    OpenAIRE

    Leclerc, Lisa-Marie; Lydersen, Christian; Haug, Tore; Kevin A Glover; Fisk, Aaron T.; Kovacs, Kit M.

    2011-01-01

    Minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) tissue (mainly blubber) was found in the gastrointestinal tracks of Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) collected in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, Norway. In order to determine whether the sharks were actively hunting the whales, finding naturally dead whales or consuming offal from whaling, we checked the genetic identity of the whale tissue found in the sharks against the DNA register for minke whales taken in Norwegian whaling operations. All of th...

  2. Animal Personality and Mate Preference in American Mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noer, Christina Lehmkuhl

    Conservation-breeding programs in zoos are essential for the management of threatened species. By moving animals amongst institutions for prescribed breeding, these programs aim to promote demographic stability and preserve genetic variation in the captive populations. Yet many breeding programs...... are unsustainable. Often, prescribed pairs of animals appear to be incompatible and reproductively unsuccessful. This is also a problem in solitary carnivore species, many of which are threatened with extinction. A suggested solution to this problem is to investigate, which male cues and signals the females use...... or cues: olfactory (urine and faeces), size, and behaviour. The latter may represent aspects of animal personality. The background for this is explained in the introduction (Chapter I). In Chapter II, a published article, I present a novel study on aspects of animal personality in the American mink...

  3. Guide til effektiv læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elias, Stina Vrang; Holt Larsen, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Hvordan bygger man bro mellem medarbejdernes individuelle kompetenceudvikling og hele virksomhedens læring og udvikling? Få indblik og inspiration i denne artikel om effektive læringsformer, der kan supplere de traditionelle kurser og uddannelser og gøre virksomhederne som helhed bedre til at lær...

  4. Fekvensomformerbaseret design af hydraulikenhed til laboratorie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Georg Kronborg; Schroll, Esbjørn

    Konceptuelt design af en ferkvensomformerbaseret hyraulisk power supply til IKS. Sammenligning af traditionelt pumpedesign med varaiabelt deplacement og en konstant-pump drevet af en AC-motor med frekvensomformer. Frekvensomformer-løsningen er et interressant alternativ for fremtidige power supply's....

  5. Hvordan kan man sige nej til GMO?

    OpenAIRE

    Heðinsdóttir, Katla; Gjerris, Mickey

    2015-01-01

    Modstandere af genteknologi udtrykker ofte deres bekymring med, at teknologien er “unaturlig”. Men hvad mener de egentlig med det? Og er det et synspunkt, der skal tages seriøst, hvis genmodificering af fødevarevarer kan være med til at eliminere sult og fejlernæring i verden?

  6. Hvordan kan man sige nej til GMO?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heðinsdóttir, Katla; Gjerris, Mickey

    2015-01-01

    Modstandere af genteknologi udtrykker ofte deres bekymring med, at teknologien er “unaturlig”. Men hvad mener de egentlig med det? Og er det et synspunkt, der skal tages seriøst, hvis genmodificering af fødevarevarer kan være med til at eliminere sult og fejlernæring i verden?...

  7. Om registerværket til Hermes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pálfi, Loránd-Levente

    2007-01-01

    I september i år udkommer Hermes nr. 39. Dette nummer vil ikke som de tidligere (og fremtidige) numre indeholde artikler, anmeldelser osv., men et registerværk med registre til samtlige danske, norske, svenske, engelske, tyske, franske og spanske tekster i Hermes nr. 1-38, som er udkommet i...

  8. Fra interkulturelle kompetencer til et intersektionelt blik?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Nanna Brink

     Artiklen argumenterer for, at et intersektionelt blik på minoritetsdanske borgere i velfærdsstatens institutionelle møder såvel som i socialvidenskabelige analyser af disse møder ikke alene må overskride ensidige kulturaliseringer, men også søge at overskride fastfrosne tilgange til det intersek...

  9. Paper til panelet Identitet, etnicitet, minoritet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Jul

    2012-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i et igangværende forskningsprojekt om aktuel polsk arbejdsmigration til Danmark (i kølvandet på EUs østudvidelse) fremlægges, diskuteres og problematiseres, hvordan 'polskhed' sættes i spil i mødet mellem danske og polske arbejdstagere, arbejdsgivere og arbejdere, fagforeninger ...

  10. Fra InterFace til Face

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas K.

    2008-01-01

    Animerede agenter bruges efterhånden i mange sammenhænge fra undervisningsapplikationer til rundvisninger på hjemmesider. Mit ærinde her er delt at præsentere en sådan agent, dels at beskrive hvad kombinationen af agenten, talegenkendelse og talesyntese gør for den autentiske relation. Udgivelses...

  11. Har vi sat retssikkerheden til salg?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Annette; Hartz, Emily; Gottrup, Rikke

    2014-01-01

    Den offentlige forvaltning er i højere grad end tidligere underlagt økonomisk styring og økonomiske målsætninger. Det skal dokumenteres, hvad borgernes skattepenge bruges til, og der stilles krav om løbende effektivisering. I artiklen diskuteres de mulige indirekte konsekvenser dette økonomiske f...

  12. Støtte til vedvarende energi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, K.; Jensen, Stine Grenaa; Morthorst, Poul Erik; Olsen, O.J.

    Udvikling af teknologier til fremstilling af elektricitet ved brug af vedvarende energiteknologier har i mange år haft høj prioritet i Danmark og modtaget betydelig støtte. Resultaterne har været meget blandede. For nogle teknologier som vindkraft har udviklingen været en succes, mens den for and...

  13. Bilag til forskningsoversigt - Effekterne af Cooperative Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lea Lund

    Ved en opsamling af de empiriske studier vedrørende effekten af CL inden for voksenundervisningsfeltet ses en overvægt af studier, som rapporterer en positiv effekt af CL i forhold til de voksne lærendes faglige udbytte. En meta-analyse over 168 amerikanske undersøgelser på universitetsniveau vis...

  14. Passiv sporgasmetode til ventilationsundersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergsøe, N.C.

    Der gives en redegørelse for metodens beregningsgrundlag samt en beskrivelse af måleudstyret og dets anvendelse. Rapporten henvender sig til ventilations- og indeklimateknikere, der inden for det byggetekniske og sundhedsfaglige område er beskæftiget med undersøgelser af bygningers ventilationsfo...

  15. Frisk laks fra Norge til Japan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Tina; Nielsen, Lise Drewes

    2006-01-01

    Denne case er gennemført som en del af projektet "Konsekvenser af infrastruktur og det indre marked for udvalgte forsyningskæder", der blev gennemført på Institut for Transportstudier og finansieret af Transportrådet. I henhold til projektbeskrivelsen har formålet med projektet været at gennemfør...

  16. Introduktion til pædagogiske trends

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Frans Ørsted

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen besvarer spørgsmål som "hvor går pædagogikken hen i 2010'erne? Hvordan skal man forholde sig til de mange nye tendenser?" og omtaler størrelser som "LP-modellen", "ICDP-indsatsen" og "CL-undervisning"....

  17. Fra simpel servering til fingrene i farsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruge, Dorte; Dyg, Pernille Malberg; Mikkelsen, Mette Vang;

    2013-01-01

    DEBAT: Ny forskning peger i retning af, at skolemåltider er en kilde til læring. Det mener en forskningsgruppe, der argumenterer for en helhedsorienteret tilgang, der fremmer både sund mad og læring i skolen....

  18. Til Sans og Samling - Dyr og Drift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønstrup, Ansa

    2012-01-01

    I vores æstetiske relationer til film er lyd som medialitet ofte akademisk og analytisk underbelyst. Denne artikel undersøger æstetiseringen af lyd og lytning i Lars von Triers film AntiChrist med fokus på lydmaterialet, dets funktion og effekt, herunder dets direkte deltagelse i den filmiske...

  19. Brugervejledning til pc-programmet STLRAMME

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhelt, M.

    Pc-programmet STLRAMME supplerer SBI-anvisning 187, 'Simple stålrammebygninger. Dimensionering og udførelse'. Programmet kan anvendes til dimensionering af stålrammebygninger med andre mål end dem, der er medtaget i anvisningens tabeller; men det erstatter kun stålramme- og åsetabellerne, ikke...

  20. GIS i folkeskolen - fra ide til virkelighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten; Horn, Finn

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen tager udgangspunkt i et konkret dilemma, hvis konsekvens bliver et stort gab mellem projektansøgningens intentioner og de opnåede mål med hensyn til elevernes læring.Artiklen anlyserer dilemmaet og kommer med bud på årsager dertil....

  1. Calcium-Fosfat-Osteopontin-Partikler til Carieskontrol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlafer, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    mikroflora og påvirker den mikrobielle ligevægt i mundhulen. Calcium-fosfat-osteopontin-partikler repræsenterer en ny form for cariesprofylakse. Partiklerne, som har nanometer- og mikrometerstørrelse, er allerede afprøvet på biofilm i laboratoriet, hvor de knytter sig tæt til biofilmen uden at have en...

  2. Kort brugervejledning til simuleringsprogrammet SpiralSol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shah, Louise Jivan

    1999-01-01

    I dette notat beskrives brugen af simuleringsprogrammet SPIRALSOL. SPIRALSOL er et program til simulering af aktive solvarmeanlæg med de danske reference vejrdata TRY. Programmet er i dets oprindelige udgave udviklet på Laboratoriet for Varmeisolering, Danmarks Tekniske Højskole. Programmet kan b...

  3. Strategisk ledelse - tilbage til basis - og videre!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drejer, Anders

    2003-01-01

    kulturen i de nye forretninger, som skabes. Den direkte anledning til den herværende artikel er forfatterens bog - Strategic Management and Core Competencies - som i sommeren 2002 blev udgivet på det amerikanske forelag Quorum og som indeholder en række overvejelser om hvordan fagområdet strategisk ledelse...

  4. NS1 gene based molecular characteristics of Aleutian mink disease virus circulating in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reichert Michał

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to characterise the genetic variability of the Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV circulating among mink farmed in Poland and to compare Polish isolates with AMDV variants available in the GenBank database. For this purpose PCR amplification and analysis of the 429 bp DNA fragment of the AMDV NS1 gene from 13 randomly selected AMDV infected mink was performed. A comparison showed that all tested amplicons were closely related to the sequence of the NS1 gene of AMDV and showed high (94%-97% homology to virus variants from American mink (Neovison vison isolated in Canada in 2007-2008. Eleven samples showing a high percentage (95%-97% of sequence similarity together with three similar isolates originating from Canada formed one clade (monophyletic group. Two variants showing a lower percentage (about 94%- 95% of sequence similarity to isolates from Canada formed a separate clade. Polish viruses can be subdivided into two main groups with a putative ancestor common to both Polish and three Canadian isolates. This result confirms the literature data indicating the occurrence of American mink in Eastern Europe (including Poland from the 1950s when the animals were imported for breeding purposes. In conclusion, we provide for the first time a report on the genetic characteristics of the AMDV variants circulating in the Polish population of farmed mink and their relationship with previously known AMDV variants isolated and described abroad.

  5. Comparison of histological lesions in mink with acute hemorrhagic pneumonia associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli

    OpenAIRE

    Salomonsen, Charlotte Mark; Boye, Mette; Høiby, Niels; Jensen, Trine H.; Hammer, Anne Sofie

    2013-01-01

    Hemorrhagic pneumonia can be a major cause of mortality in farmed mink in the fall. In its classic form, hemorrhagic pneumonia is caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In recent years, however, outbreaks of this type of pneumonia that are associated with hemolytic Escherichia coli have also occurred in farmed mink. The purpose of this study was to compare histological lesions of acute hemorrhagic pneumonia associated with both P. aeruginosa and E. coli in mink, including a descripti...

  6. Exclusion of candidate genes for coat colour phenotypes of the American mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Markakis, M. N.; Vissenberg, K.;

    2012-01-01

    In a previous project, we screened the American mink Bacterial Artificial Chromosome library, CHORI-231, for genes potentially involved in various coat colour phenotypes in the American mink. Subsequently, we 454 sequenced the inserts containing these genes and developed microsatellite markers fo...... of similar phenotypes in other mammals, including horses, pigs, cows, dogs, cats, mice and humans, they do not appear to be responsible for comparable phenotypes found in American mink....

  7. Dyplenking til åndsverk og databaser på internett : Opphavsrettslige problemstillinger knyttet til dyplenking til åndsverk og databaser på internett

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Oppgaven begrenser seg til de opphavsrettslige problemstillinger knyttet til dype pekere på internett, samt det spesielle vernet for databaser. Den tar for seg dype referansepekere, og således ikke de mer spesielle typer pekere; nedlastningspekere, rammepekere, hentepekere m.fl. I denne sammenhengen er det bare dyplenking til materiale som forutsettes å tilfredsstille kravene til verkshøyde jfr. åndsverkloven, eller som kan tenkes å ha vern som en del av en database, som vil bli behandlet. Li...

  8. WelFur-mink: on-farm welfare assessment of mink (Neovision vision) - effect of sample size on animal based measures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rousing, Tine; Møller, Steen Henrik; Hansen, Steffen W

    2012-01-01

    European Fur Breeder's Association initiated the "WelFur project" in 2009 which is aiming at developing an applicable on farm welfare assessment protocol for mink based on the Welfare Quality® principles. Such a welfare assessment system should possess the following qualities: It should be "high"...

  9. En gammeldansk vejviser til evigt liv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Britta Olrik

    2013-01-01

    En sammenligning af en hidtil overset gammeldansk og en do. gammelsvensk tekst med fælles latinsk kilde, et forsøg på at sandsynliggøre at de to tekster udgår fra samme gammelsvenske oversættelse af kilden, og en undersøgelse af hvordan den danske tekst evt. er oversat fra svensk, samt hvilket...... dansk publikum den evt. er oversat til....

  10. LED til væksthuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Thorseth, Anders; Rosenqvist, Eva

    2012-01-01

    Den teknologiske udvikling indenfor Lys Emitterende Dioder (LED) går imod stadig større lysmængder og stadig større effektivitet. Kombineret med fordele som lang levetid, dæmpbarhed og ingen varmestråling gør det, at LED baserede lyskilder/lamper i stigende grad benyttes til belysningsformål og kan...

  11. Fra rakkere til dyrlæger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen

    2013-01-01

    I 1761 blev verdens første veterinære skole grundlagt i Frankrig. Det skete efter kongelig befaling fra Ludvig XV (1710-1774), som lod den franske hestekender Claude Bourgelat (1712-1779) grundlægge skolen i Lyon. To år senere ankom de første tre danske studerende til skolen med det formål at...

  12. Population genetic structure in farm and feral American mink (Neovison vison) inferred from RAD sequencing-generated single nucleotide polymorphisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thirstrup, Janne Pia; Ruiz-Gonzalez, Aritz; Pujolar, José Martin;

    2015-01-01

    Feral American mink populations (Neovison vison), derived from mink farms, are widespread in Europe. In this study we investigated genetic diversity and genetic differentiation between feral and farm mink using a panel of genetic markers (194 SNP) generated from RAD sequencing data. Sampling incl...

  13. Foot Lesions in Farmed Mink (Neovison vison): Pathologic and Epidemiologic Characteristics on 4 Danish Farms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jespersen, A; Hammer, A S; Jensen, H E; Bonde-Jensen, N; Lassus, M M; Agger, J F; Larsen, P F

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate gross and histologic lesions and epidemiologic factors of foot lesions in farmed mink. The feet of 1159 mink from 4 Danish farms were examined and lesions described. Swabs from the lesions were taken from 27 mink for microbiology, and tissue samples from a representative spectrum of feet with and without lesions (n= 22) were examined histologically. Feet were grouped according to gross inspection: no lesions (55.1%), hair loss (7.1%), hyperkeratosis (35.8%), and crusting (5.3%). Lesions were predominantly located in plantar metatarsal skin (98.1%). Staphylococci were the most prevalent microorganisms cultured from the lesions. There was a significant association between presence of lesions and sex (P< .0001), age (P< .0001), and color type (P= .023). Lesion size was significantly different between hair loss and crusts and between hyperkeratosis and crusts (P< .0001). Histologically, lesions included varying degrees of orthokeratotic to parakeratotic hyperkeratosis and granulomatous to pyogranulomatous dermatitis with trichogranulomas as a dominant feature in all mink. The gross and microscopic lesions were comparable to physically induced changes in other species that develop as a response to repetitive friction or pressure. The condition may have an impact on animal welfare in mink production. PMID:26333293

  14. Evaluation of the Zoonotic Potential of Transmissible Mink Encephalopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Brown

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Successful transmission of Transmissible Mink Encephalopathy (TME to cattle supports the bovine hypothesis for the still controversial origin of TME outbreaks. Human and primate susceptibility to classical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (c-BSE and the transmissibility of L-type BSE to macaques indicate a low cattle-to-primate species barrier. We therefore evaluated the zoonotic potential of cattle-adapted TME. In less than two years, this strain induced in cynomolgus macaques a neurological disease similar to L-BSE but distinct from c-BSE. TME derived from another donor species (raccoon induced a similar disease with even shorter incubation periods. L-BSE and cattle-adapted TME were also transmissible to transgenic mice expressing human prion protein (PrP. Secondary transmissions to transgenic mice expressing bovine PrP maintained the features of the three tested bovine strains (cattle TME, c-BSE and L-BSE regardless of intermediate host. Thus, TME is the third animal prion strain transmissible to both macaques and humanized transgenic mice, suggesting zoonotic potentials that should be considered in the risk analysis of animal prion diseases for human health. Moreover, the similarities between TME and L-BSE are highly suggestive of a link between these strains, and therefore the possible presence of L-BSE for many decades prior to its identification in USA and Europe.

  15. Generalised additive models to investigate environmental drivers of Antarctic minke whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis) spatial density in austral summer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beekmans, Bas W.P.M.; Forcada, Jaume; Murphy, Eugene J.; Baar, Hein J.W. de; Bathmann, Ulrich V.; Fleming, Andrew H.

    2010-01-01

    There is a need to characterise the physical environment associated with Antarctic minke whale density in order to understand long-term changes in minke whale distribution and density in open waters of the Southern Ocean during austral summer months. To investigate environmental drivers of Antarctic

  16. Identifying QTL and genetic correlations between fur quality traits in mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thirstrup, Janne Pia; Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Guldbrandtsen, Bernt; Christensen, Knud; Fredholm, Merete; Nielsen, Vivi Hunnicke

    2014-01-01

    Mapping of QTL affecting fur quality traits (guard hair length, guard hair thickness, density of wool, surface of the fur and quality) and skin length was performed in a three-generation mink population (F2 design). In the parental generation, Nordic Brown mink were crossed reciprocally with Amer...

  17. A fast and robust method for whole genome sequencing of the Aleutian Mink Disease Virus (AMDV) genome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagberg, Emma Elisabeth; Krarup, Anders; Fahnøe, Ulrik;

    2016-01-01

    Aleutian Mink Disease Virus (AMDV) is a frequently encountered pathogen associated with commercial mink breeding. AMDV infection leads to increased mortality and compromised animal health and welfare. Currently little is known about the molecular evolution of the virus, and the few existing studi...

  18. Fra problem til færdig opgave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Merete

    Fra problem til færdig opgave er blevet til på baggrund af erfaringer fra undervisning og vejledning af studerendes forskellige sundhedsfaglige uddannelser. Den søger at besvare nogle af de mange spørgsmål, studerende har stillet i forbindelse med undervisning og vejledning. Bogen beskriver...... opgavestrukturen, som er den samme uanset, om det er en mindre eller en større opgave. Fra problem til færdig opgave henvender sig til studerende på de videregående sundhedsuddannelser, herunder de social- og sundhedsfaglige professionsbacheloruddannelser samt de første semestre af de social- og sundhedsfaglige...

  19. CGM ApS Årsberetning til DANAK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Chiffre, Leonardo

    Denne årsberetning omfatter CGM ApS' akkrediterede virksomhed i kalenderåret 2003. Årsberetningen er udarbejdet til DANAK (Dansk Akkreditering, ErhvervsfremmeStyrelsen), som led i opfyldelsen af laboratoriets informationspligt i henhold til gældende regler.......Denne årsberetning omfatter CGM ApS' akkrediterede virksomhed i kalenderåret 2003. Årsberetningen er udarbejdet til DANAK (Dansk Akkreditering, ErhvervsfremmeStyrelsen), som led i opfyldelsen af laboratoriets informationspligt i henhold til gældende regler....

  20. Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus scavenge offal from minke (Balaenoptera acutorostrata whaling operations in Svalbard (Norway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa-Marie Leclerc

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata tissue (mainly blubber was found in the gastrointestinal tracks of Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus collected in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, Norway. In order to determine whether the sharks were actively hunting the whales, finding naturally dead whales or consuming offal from whaling, we checked the genetic identity of the whale tissue found in the sharks against the DNA register for minke whales taken in Norwegian whaling operations. All of the minke whale samples from the sharks that had DNA of sufficient quality to perform individual identifications were traceable to the whaling DNA register. During whaling operations, the blubber is stripped from the carcass and thrown overboard. The blubber strips float on the surface and are available for surface-feeding predators. This study revealed that Greenland sharks are scavenging this material; additionally, it demonstrates the capacity of this ‘benthic-feeding’ shark to utilize the whole water column for foraging.

  1. Associations between biosecurity and outbreaks of canine distemper on Danish mink farms in 2012-2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregers-Jensen, Louise; Agger, Jens Frederik; Hammer, Anne Sofie Vedsted;

    2015-01-01

    During 8 months from July 2012 to February 2013, a major outbreak of canine distemper involving 64 mink farms occurred on the Danish peninsula of Jutland. The canine distemper outbreak was associated with exposure of farmed mink to infected wild carnivores and could represent a deficit in...... distemper from July 2012 to February 2013. The control group included 54 farms without an outbreak of canine distemper in 2012 or 2013, selected as the closest geographical neighbour to a case farm. The results showed that significantly more control than case farms had vaccinated their mink against canine...... distemper virus. Mortality was only assessed on the case farms, and there was a non-significantly lower mortality on vaccinated farms than on the non-vaccinated farms. Furthermore, the proportion of farms with observations of wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) inside the farm enclosures were larger for case...

  2. Genetic characterization of canine distemper virus involved in outbreaks in farmed mink in Denmark 2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trebbien, Ramona; Struve, T.; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane;

    Danish farmed mink herds experienced a large outbreak of canine distemper virus in 2012. Full-length sequence analysis (1824 nucleotides) of the variable hemagglutinin (H) gene were performed on 27 viruses collected from mink and on 7 viruses collected from wild foxes. Results of the study showed...... phylogenetically with other European canine distemper viruses and showed the highest level of similarity (99.3 - 99.6 %) to viruses isolated from wild foxes in Germany. The fox should therefore be considered as an important wild life reservoir of canine distemper virus and may also contribute to the transmission...

  3. Farvel til fabriksundervisning, goddag til fremtidens fleksible læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    Erhvervslivets mantra om innovation forgrener sig langt ind i uddannelsessystemet. Den innovative skole er tidens herskende ideal, og det sætter sine tydelige spor på skolens nye fleksible og futuristiske rum. Den skal indbyde til nytænkning og gøre op med det gamle. Men skaber innovationsboomet en...

  4. Fondsmillioner til dyrkning af grønalger til biobrændstof

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Med to millioner kroner i støtte fra VILLUM KANN RASMUSSEN FONDEN indleder et forskerhold fra Danmark Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus Universitet et nyt projekt med dyrkning af grønalger til fremstilling af biobrændstof. Udgivelsesdato: 25. april...

  5. Øresundsmetro i relation til turisme og kultur samt i relation til øresundsudviklingen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyck, Lise

    I 2011 blev det meddelt, at EU vil give match-finansiering til en forundersøgelse af mulige samfundsmæssige konsekvenser af en etablering af en Øresundsmetro, det vil sige EU vil matche finansieringen fra Københavns Kommune og Malmø Stad. Forundersøgelsen omfatter en række delrapporter med relati...

  6. Når kommunikationsarbejde bliver til administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pors, Anja Svejgaard

    2013-01-01

    Bidraget undersøger effekter af institutionaliseringen af arbejdet med kommunikation på det offentlige hospital. Gennem en empirisk undersøgelse udforskes det organisatoriske maskinrum, hvor kommunikationsarbejde integreres i hospitalet: Hvordan gøres arbejdet med kommunikation til en organisator...... organisatorisk opgave, der kan kvalificeres adskilt fra den sundhedsfaglige kerneopgave? Argumentet er, at samfundets kalden på bedre kommunikation i sundhedsvæsnet besvares med institutionaliseringer af kommunikation, der iværksætter administrative praksisser....

  7. Sundhedspersonales holdninger til sene provokerede aborter varierer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Vinggaard; Petersson, Birgit

    2012-01-01

    Internationale undersøgelser viser, at sene provokerede aborter skaber en større bekymring hos sundhedspersonale end tidlige aborter. Den største bekymring er risikoen for, at det aborterede foster udviser livstegn efter fødslen. Undersøgelser peger desuden på, at indikationen for abort, religiøs...... tilknytning og fagligt tilhørsforhold påvirker holdningerne. Antallet af sene provokerede aborter stiger i takt med, at fosterdiagnostikken udvikles, og der er derfor behov for forskning, der kan kaste lys over, hvordan det danske sundhedspersonale forholder sig til sene provokerede aborter....

  8. Fra app'ernes planet til klasserummet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Illum; Slot, Marie Falkesgaard; Gissel, Stig Toke;

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen henvender sig til lærere og konsulenter, som ønsker at kvalificere deres fagsprog i arbejdet med apps og undervisningsdesign. Med udgangspunkt i læremiddeldidaktikken udpeges en række kategorier og begreber, som læreren kan anvende i sit arbejde med at analyserer og vurderer hvilke handle......- og betydningsmuligheder, der er indbygget i hhv. funktionelle, didaktiske og semantiske apps. Med afsæt i disse begreber gives praksisnære bud på, hvordan apps på forskellig vis kan indbygges i fagundervisningen....

  9. Fra app'ernes planet til klasserummet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slot, Marie Falkesgaard; Bundsgaard, Jeppe; Gissel, Stig Toke;

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen henvender sig til lærere og konsulenter, som ønsker at kvalificere deres fagsprog i arbejdet med apps og undervisningsdesign. Med udgangspunkt i læremiddeldidaktikken udpeger vi en række kategorier og begreber, som læreren kan anvende i sit arbejde med at analysere og vurdere hvilke handle......- og betydningsmuligheder, der er indbygget i hhv. funktionelle, didaktiske og semantiske apps. Med afsæt i disse begreber giver vi praksisnære bud på, hvordan apps på forskellig vis kan indbygges i fagundervisningen....

  10. En Praktisk Stokastisk Tilgang til Activity-Based Costing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen

    2005-01-01

    Økonomistyringslitteraturen forudsætter som udgangspunkt en deterministisk tilgang til alle inddata. Dette gælder også i relation til ABC. Imidlertid vides, at stort alle beslutninger indeholder en mængde usikre forhold. Men hvorfor inddrage usikkerhed i beslutninger, f.eks. ved at fitte en sands...

  11. Uddannelse til entreprenørskab i sociale uddannelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willer, Jens; Løwenstein, Kim

    koncept om ny uddannelse til SE. I en separat del i afhandlingen præsenterer et koncept om en uddannelse til SE. Uddannelsen skal fungerer gennem fortløbende eksplorativ netværksdannelse deltagere og uddannelsesinstitutioner imellem. Vi tænker SE både bredt og hybridt – både som socialøkonomiske...

  12. Bidrag til "Life begins at 100 - Secrets of the supercentenarians"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Bornemann Hjelmborg, Jacob

    2009-01-01

    Bidrag til: "Life begins at 100 - Secrets of the supercentenarians". Uddrag fra Human Genetics, vol. 119 p 1432. Udgivelsesdato: 5 september......Bidrag til: "Life begins at 100 - Secrets of the supercentenarians". Uddrag fra Human Genetics, vol. 119 p 1432. Udgivelsesdato: 5 september...

  13. Kaos op til Irans valg af præsident

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elling, Rasmus Christian

    2005-01-01

    Iran har været præget af terrorbombninger og uroligheder op til det forestående præsidentvalg. Udgivelsesdato: 17/6......Iran har været præget af terrorbombninger og uroligheder op til det forestående præsidentvalg. Udgivelsesdato: 17/6...

  14. Teknologisk roadmap viser vej til vækstteknologier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ricard, Lykke Margot

    2013-01-01

    Hvilke teknologier er fremtidens vækstteknologier, som skal begunstiges med offentlige investeringer? Det har de nye EU-roadmap 2020-processer vist sig overlegne til at udpege – ikke mindst i forhold til den tidligere udskældte picking the winners-strategi. I roadmap-processerne kortlægges...

  15. Når værk bliver til vold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albinus, Lars

    Artiklen undersøger hvorledes kunst, der anvendes i religionens eller den politiske ideologis tjeneste, kan føre til vold og dermed mister den åbenhed og flertydighed, der overhovedet gør den til kunst. Emnerne er den europæiske hofnar, islam og Rote Armée Fraktion. De teoretiske indfaldsvinkler ...

  16. Erhvervsfagenes rolle i overgangen fra uddannelse til arbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Smistrup, Morten

    Rapporten undersøger hvilken rolle faget (erhvervsfaget) spiller for unges overgang fra uddannelse til arbejde via en erhvervsfaglig uddannelse (EUD)? Og hvilke styrker og svagheder har de danske EUD der bygger på erhvervsfag, med hensyn til at sikre en vellykket overgang sammenlignet med andre l...

  17. Fra kohæsiv til modal topologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heltoft, Lars

    Indlederpladsens ('fundamentfeltets') kodede betydning ændrer sig fra ældre nordisk til moderne skandinavisk - fra kohæsiv til modal eller illokutionær betydning. Subjunktionernes topologiske udvikling kan forstås i dette lys, og analysen tyder på at placeringen af det finitte verbum på...

  18. Økonomisk bistand fra selskab til ejere og ledelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Dette bidrag til bogen gennemgår reglerne om "økonomisk bistand" fra et aktie- eller anpartsselskab til dets ejere, ledelse mv., dvs. reglerne om aktionærlån, koncernlån og selvfinansiering, således som disse er udformet efter selskabsreformen. Der erindres om tre vigtige egenskaber ved reformen:...

  19. Skal hovedstaden sande til i trængsel?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Buus; Nielsen, Otto Anker

    2013-01-01

    Trængselsproblemerne i hovedstadsområdet vil blive markant forværret de næste år. Selv Trængselskommissionens omfattende pakke af forslag er langtfra tilstrækkelig til at løse problemerne. Der skal mere visionære beslutninger til....

  20. Fra Industrial Organization (IO) til Porters strategiske brancheperspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrane, Claus

    2007-01-01

    Dette notat giver en kortfattet introduktion til det grundlæggende teoretiske fundament for Porters brancheperspektiv. Heri indgår: 1) et kort afsnit om strategifeltets historiske baggrund, 2) en kort beskrivelse af det såkaldte SCP-paradigme inden for IO med særligt fokus på årene op til 1980, 3......) en beskrivelse af hvorledes Porter overførte SCP-paradigmet til strategifeltet, samt 4) en meget kort beskrivelse af de to centrale dele i Porter 1980.......Dette notat giver en kortfattet introduktion til det grundlæggende teoretiske fundament for Porters brancheperspektiv. Heri indgår: 1) et kort afsnit om strategifeltets historiske baggrund, 2) en kort beskrivelse af det såkaldte SCP-paradigme inden for IO med særligt fokus på årene op til 1980, 3...

  1. Fra evalueringsresultat til læring i offentlige organisationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Keller, Hanne Dauer; Rasmussen, Palle

    Både i private og offentlige organisationer gennemføres evalueringer ofte med det eksplicitte formål at bidrage til udvikling og læring i organisationen. Evalueringsarbejdet skal producere viden, som organisationer og aktører inden for det undersøgte praksisfelt kan lære af, kan bruge til at...... behandles dette på baggrund af begreber om organisatorisk læring og med udgangspunkt i cases; brug af trivselsundersøgelser på kommunale arbejdspladser og brug af brugertilfredshedsmålinger i uddannelsesinstitutioner. Det diskuteres, om sådanne undersøgelser anvendes til kontrol, til læring og/eller til...

  2. Public Service radio - fra monopol til niche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leif Lønsmann

    1991-08-01

    Full Text Available Radioen har nået pensionsalderen. I hvert fald hvis man måler med den målestok, man pensionerer mennesker efter. BBC rundede de 67 år i 1989, DR gør det i 1993. Men på trods af sin alder er radioen i live - i bevægelse og udvikling - på godt og ondt. Der findes i dag til flere radio- stationer end no- gensinde, der tilsammen sender mere radio end nogen- sinde til flere lyttere end nogensinde før i radioens historie. Radioen er det mest brugte massemedium i verden, målt i tidsforbrug. Artiklen skitserer de centrale problemer for den monopolradio, som nu er under forandring. Ikke alene er dens unikke status ophævet, men dens almene forpligtelser udtrykt i public-service princippet er også under revurdering. Hvordan bør politikere og DR reagere på den ny situation - hvordan skal public-service principperne forvaltes? Det er de centrale temaer for diskussion i den følgende artikel.

  3. Enzymatisk omestring til produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjerbæk, Lene

    2007-01-01

      Biodiesel er i dag sammen med bioethanol et bud på, hvordan transportsektoren kan nedbringe sin netto CO2-emission til atmosfæren og lagrene af fossilt brændstof kan strækkes. På verdensplan forventes der en produktion af biodiesel på 7,9 mio. tons i 2007. Ved den industrielle fremstilling af...... biodiesel benyttes i dag kemiske katalysatorer såsom H2SO4, NaOH, MeONa eller KOH, der efterfølgende fjernes fra den producerede biodiesel med store mængder vand og derved produceres store mængder spildevand. Ved at benytte enzymer i processen kan man reducere mængden af spildevand, der skal renses. Enzymer...... benyttes ikke i de eksisterende processer, men det forventes, at udviklingen af processerne vil øge deres anvendelse i biodieselproduktion. I artiklen præsenteres fordele og ulemper ved anvendelse af enzymer til biodiesel produktion....

  4. Til forsvar for human-ismerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sarauw, Laura Louise

    2015-01-01

    store klassikere som Homer, Shakespeare og Goethe og ind med diverse samfundsvidenskabelige »ismer«. Belægget finder lederskribent Klaus Wivel i en ny antologi, Kampen om disciplinerne, hvori det fremgår, at de tre mest populære teoretikere på humaniora er Foucault, Bourdieu og Latour. Som flere...... glædeligvis allerede har gjort opmærksom på, er det dog ikke nødvendigvis udtryk for, at humaniora har solgt ud til fordel for samfundsvidenskaben. For det første har både Foucault og Latour klare humanvidenskabelige rødder. For det andet viser en nærmere gennemgang af statistikken, at de tre såkaldte...... samfundsteoretikere måske slet ikke er så altdominerende i det humanistiske ismelandskab. Problematisk er imidlertid også Wivels fremstilling af Foucault, Bourdieu og Latours indtog i de humanistiske miljøer som forklaring på, »at studerende kan gå gennem et humaniorafag med blot et overfladisk kendskab til fagets...

  5. Alien Mink Predation and Colonisation Processes of Rodent Prey on Small Islands of the Baltic Sea: Does Prey Naivete Matter?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Colonisation, an important part of meta-population dynamics of fragmented populations, depends on both the dispersal ability and the ability to establish in the new habitat. Predation can hinder successful establishment of prey, and where the predation pressure comes from an alien predator, the effects on colonisation might be devastating. We studied the establishment of field voles (Microtus agrestis) inhabiting small islands of the archipelago of the Baltic Sea, SW Finland, under presence and absence of the alien American mink (Mustela vison). We translocated experienced voles from islands with mink, and inexperienced voles from islands from which mink had been removed, to other islands where mink was present or absent. By radio-tracking we studied survival, space and micro habitat use of voles within four weeks after translocation. Survival of voles on mink islands was significantly lower than on mink-free islands, but experienced voles did not survive better than inexperienced voles. Experienced voles were more often located in juniper habitats than inexperienced voles, but they appeared not to gain any survival benefit from altered micro habitat use. This study provides novel evidence, that alien mink predation inhibits establishment of colonising field voles and may thus ultimately induce extinction of voles from the outer archipelago.

  6. Wildlife reservoirs of canine distemper virus resulted in a major outbreak in Danish farmed mink (Neovison vison.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona Trebbien

    Full Text Available A major outbreak of canine distemper virus (CDV in Danish farmed mink (Neovison vison started in the late summer period of 2012. At the same time, a high number of diseased and dead wildlife species such as foxes, raccoon dogs, and ferrets were observed. To track the origin of the outbreak virus full-length sequencing of the receptor binding surface protein hemagglutinin (H was performed on 26 CDV's collected from mink and 10 CDV's collected from wildlife species. Subsequent phylogenetic analyses showed that the virus circulating in the mink farms and wildlife were highly identical with an identity at the nucleotide level of 99.45% to 100%. The sequences could be grouped by single nucleotide polymorphisms according to geographical distribution of mink farms and wildlife. The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM receptor binding region in most viruses from both mink and wildlife contained G at position 530 and Y at position 549; however, three mink viruses had an Y549H substitution. The outbreak viruses clustered phylogenetically in the European lineage and were highly identical to wildlife viruses from Germany and Hungary (99.29% - 99.62%. The study furthermore revealed that fleas (Ceratophyllus sciurorum contained CDV and that vertical transmission of CDV occurred in a wild ferret. The study provides evidence that wildlife species, such as foxes, play an important role in the transmission of CDV to farmed mink and that the virus may be maintained in the wild animal reservoir between outbreaks.

  7. Evaluation of alternative PCB clean-up strategies using an individual-based population model of mink

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Population models can be used to place observed toxic effects into an assessment of the impacts on population-level endpoints, which are generally considered to provide greater ecological insight and relevance. We used an individual-based model of mink to evaluate the population-level effects of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and the impact that different remediation strategies had on mink population endpoints (population size and extinction risk). Our simulations indicated that the initial population size had a strong impact on mink population dynamics. In addition, mink populations were extremely responsive to clean-up scenarios that were initiated soon after the contamination event. In fact, the rate of PCB clean-up did not have as strong a positive effect on mink as did the initiation of clean-up (start time). We show that population-level approaches can be used to understand adverse effects of contamination and to also explore the potential benefits of various remediation strategies. - Highlights: → We used an individual-based model of mink to evaluate population-level impacts of PCB contamination. → The model was also used to explore the population responses to different PCB remediation strategies. → Population size had a large impact on whether mink populations persisted or went extinct. → Starting remediation sooner had a stronger positive effect on mink populations than did the rate of PCB clean-up. → Individual-based models are useful in understanding effects of contamination and different remediation strategies. - An individual-based model of mink showed strong population-level effects of PCB contamination and provided insight into optimal PCB remediation strategies.

  8. Undersøgelse af vildtype hvalpesygevirus og DNA vaccination i mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Line; Søgaard, Mette; Jensen, Trine Hammer;

    2010-01-01

    Vi inokulerede mink med to forskellige hvalpesygevirus - en dansk (DK91) og en amerikansk (Snyder Hill) for at undersøge virulensen af de to vildtype virus. D91 repræsenterer en cirkulerende europæisk vildtype genotype, mens Snyder Hill repræsenterer de gamle amerikanske virus genotyper isoleret ...

  9. Value of mink vomit model in study of anti-emetic drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Zhang; Lei Wang; Zhi-Hong Yang; Zhan-Tao Liu; Wang Yue

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To establish a new, reliable vomit model of minks.METHODS: Adult male minks were randomly divided into 8 groups (n=6): cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg)intraperitoneal injection (ip) group, copper sulfate (40mg/kg) intragastric injection (ig) group, apomorphine (1.6 mg/kg) subcutaneous injection (sc) group, and 18Gy whole-body X-irradiation group, ondansetron injection group (2 mg/kg ip) 30 min later followed by cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg) ip, normal saline (NS) ip injection control group, metoclopramide injection group (4 mg/kg ip) 30min later followed by apomorphine (1.6 mg/kg) sc, NS ig control group. The frequency of retching and vomiting was calculated. After behavioral experiment, distribution of 5-HT in the ileum was detected by immunohistologic method.RESULTS: Cisplatin, apomorphine, copper sulfate and X-irradiation administered to minks evoked a profound emetic response in the animals. However, retching and vomiting were significantly inhibited by pretreatment with ondansetron and metoclopramide in cisplatin and copper sulfate groups (P=0.018). Immunohistologic result showed that 5-HT released from enterochromaffin cells (EC cells) was involved in vomiting mechanism.CONCLUSION: Mink vomit model has a great value in studying the vomiting mechanism and screening new antiemetic drugs.

  10. Characterization of microsatellite markers isolated from the American Mink (Mustela vison) genome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ansari, S.; Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Farid, A.; Christensen, Knud; Benkel, B.F.

    2007-01-01

    Two size-selected mink genomic libraries were constructed and recombinant colonies (n=6,144) were screened with a pool of probes, containing (AAAG)8, (AAGG)8, (AGGG)8, (ATAG)8 and (AG)15 oligonucleotides in equal amounts. A total of 44 colonies were hybridized and confirmed upon replating. Sequen...

  11. Estimating population density and connectivity of American mink using spatial capture-recapture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Angela K; Sutherland, Chris S; Royle, J Andrew; Hare, Matthew P

    2016-06-01

    Estimating the abundance or density of populations is fundamental to the conservation and management of species, and as landscapes become more fragmented, maintaining landscape connectivity has become one of the most important challenges for biodiversity conservation. Yet these two issues have never been formally integrated together in a model that simultaneously models abundance while accounting for connectivity of a landscape. We demonstrate an application of using capture-recapture to develop a model of animal density using a least-cost path model for individual encounter probability that accounts for non-Euclidean connectivity in a highly structured network. We utilized scat detection dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) as a means of collecting non-invasive genetic samples of American mink (Neovison vison) individuals and used spatial capture-recapture models (SCR) to gain inferences about mink population density and connectivity. Density of mink was not constant across the landscape, but rather increased with increasing distance from city, town, or village centers, and mink activity was associated with water. The SCR model allowed us to estimate the density and spatial distribution of individuals across a 388 km² area. The model was used to investigate patterns of space usage and to evaluate covariate effects on encounter probabilities, including differences between sexes. This study provides an application of capture-recapture models based on ecological distance, allowing us to directly estimate landscape connectivity. This approach should be widely applicable to provide simultaneous direct estimates of density, space usage, and landscape connectivity for many species. PMID:27509753

  12. The causes of the low breeding success of European mink (Mustela lutreola) in captivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiik, Kairi; Maran, Tiit; Nagl, Astrid; Ashford, Kadri; Tammaru, Toomas

    2013-01-01

    High among-individual variation in mating success often causes problems in conservation breeding programs. This is also the case for critically endangered European mink and may jeopardize the long-term maintenance of the species' genetic diversity under the European mink EEP Program. In this study, breeding success of wild and captive born European minks at Tallinn Zoological Garden are compared, and the mating behavior of the males is analyzed. Results show that wild born males successfully mate significantly more often than captive born males (89% and 35%, respectively). On the basis of an extensive record of mating attempts, both male aggressiveness and passivity are identified as primary causes of the observed mating failures. All other potential determinants have only a minor role. Mating success as well as a male's aggressiveness and passivity are shown to depend more strongly on the male than the female partner. We did not find any evidence that the behavior of an individual is dependent on the identity of its partner. We suggest that aggressiveness and passivity are two expressions of abnormal behavior brought about by growing up in captivity: the same individuals are likely to display both aggressive and passive behavior. The results point to the need to study and modify maintenance conditions and management procedures of mink to reduce the negative impact of the captive environment on the long-term goals of the program. PMID:23426800

  13. Effects of dietary protein level on growth, health and physiological parameters in growing-furring mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Birthe Marie; Larsen, Peter F.; Clausen, Tove

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of the dietary protein level and the feeding strategy on growth, health and physiological blood and liver parameters in growing-furring male mink. Effects of dietary protein levels ranging from 22% of metabolizable energy (MEp) to experimental p...

  14. Serogroups and antimicrobial susceptibility among Escherichia coli isolated from farmed mink (Mustela vison Schreiber) in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vulfson, L.; Pedersen, Karl; Chriel, M.; Frydendahl, K.; Andersen, T.H.; Madsen, Mogens; Dietz, H.H.

    2001-01-01

    Escherichia coli is commonly found in outbreaks of diarrhoea in mink during the production season although its role as a primary causal organism remains unclear. The present study was undertaken to determine the serogroups and antimicrobial susceptibility of E. coli isolates from healthy and diar...

  15. Stress and stereotypic behaviour in mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens; Jeppesen, L L; Palme, R

    2011-01-01

    We examined whether female mink with low (LS) and high (HS) occurrence of stereotypic behaviour differ in their adrenocortical activity in baseline conditions or in response to immobilisation (Experiment 1), handling, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) challenge (Experiment 2) and excretion of ci...

  16. Effect of xenon arc irradiation on mink hair protein extracted with thioglycolate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of xenon arc irradiation on the extractability and properties of mink hair protein treated with sodium thioglycolate solution was investigated. Over 50% of the intact sapphire mink hair was dissolved when treated with TG 11 (0.1M sodium thioglycolate, pH 11) and TG/G-7 (0.1M sodium thioglycolate, 6M guanidine-HCI, pH 7), but hardly dissolved with TG/U-7 (0.1M sodium thioglycolate, 7M urea, pH 7). The extractability of underfur was higher than that of guard hair with TG 11 or TG/G-7. The extractability with TG 11 or TG/G-7 was remarkably decreased in intact hair than irradiated hair. This implies that the irradiation-induced deterioration of mink hair involves the formation of some additional intermolecular or interpeptide crosslinks other than the original disulfide bridges in native hair. Amino acid analysis, SDS-PAGE and size exclusion chromatography of TG/G-7 extract revealed that the irradiation of mink hair made preferentially microfibril protein insoluble, and leaves matrix protein especially high-glycine-tyrosine component soluble

  17. Canine distemper virus DNA vaccination of mink can overcome interference by maternal antibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Trine Hammer; Nielsen, Line; Aasted, Bent;

    2015-01-01

    Canine distemper virus (CDV) is highly contagious and can cause severe disease against which conventional live vaccines are ineffective in the presence of maternal antibodies. Vaccination in the presences of maternal antibodies was challenged by vaccination of 5 days old and 3 weeks old mink kits...

  18. Host response during acute canine distemper virus infections in naive and DNA immunized mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Line

    SAMMENDRAG (DANISH SUMMARY) Mink blev inokuleret med to forskellige vildtype hundesygevirus (CDV) stammer fra forskellige genotyper. DK91 stammen repræsenter de europæiske genotyper isoleret efter 1990, mens Snyder Hill stammen repræsenter de gamle amerikanske genotyper isoleret før 1960. De to C...

  19. S-phase-dependent cell cycle disturbances caused by Aleutian mink disease parvovirus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oleksiewicz, M.B.; Alexandersen, Søren

    1997-01-01

    We examined replication of the autonomous parovirus Aleutian mink disease parovirus (ADV) in relation to cell cycle progression of permissive Crandell feline kidney (CRFK) cells. Flow cytometric analysis showed that ADV caused a composite, binary pattern of cell cycle arrest. ADV-induced cell cyc...

  20. Genetic and non-genetic indirect effects for bite mark traits in group housed mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alemu, Setegn Worku; Berg, Peer; Janss, Luc;

    Social interactions among individuals are abundant, both in wild and domestic populations. With social interactions, genes of an individual may affect the trait values of other individuals, a phenomenon known as Indirect Genetic Effects (IGEs). IGEs can be estimated using linear mixed models. Here...... welfare in mink, and there are good prospects for genetic improvement....

  1. Implementation and validation of a sensitive PCR detection method in the eradication campaign against Aleutian mink disease virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Trine Hammer; Christensen, Laurids Siig; Chriél, Mariann;

    2011-01-01

    Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) is a severe progressive disease causing multiple different clinical syndromes in mink. In Denmark, the disease is notifiable and under official control. The control programme, based on serological screening, has confined successfully AMDV to the northern part of...... serological status of the mink. The relative diagnostic sensitivity of the PCR was 94.7%, and the relative diagnostic specificity was 97.9% when read in parallel with the CIE. PCR positive samples were sequenced and phylogenetic analysis revealed high similarity within the analysed AMDV strains and to AMDV...

  2. Farvel til fabriksundervisning, goddag til fremtidens fleksible læring

    OpenAIRE

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    2011-01-01

    Erhvervslivets mantra om innovation forgrener sig langt ind i uddannelsessystemet. Den innovative skole er tidens herskende ideal, og det sætter sine tydelige spor på skolens nye fleksible og futuristiske rum. Den skal indbyde til nytænkning og gøre op med det gamle. Men skaber innovationsboomet en bedre skoler, eller smadrer den læringens højborg?

  3. Fra interne udviklingsplaner til åben innovation med brug af Web 2.0 teknologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada; Sørensen, Flemming; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    Universitetsbibliotek, hvor en webblog blev anvendt til indsamling af idéer fra bibliotekets brugere. Konklusionen er, at webblog kan anvendes til brugerinddragelse og at der kan opnås meget forskelligartet input, fra deciderede forslag til ønsker og opfattelser. Webblog som medie til brugerinvolvering er nem og billig...

  4. Fra overmenneske til UNESCO-menneske

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duedahl, Poul

    I årene efter Anden Verdenskrig og Holocaust var FNs særorganisation for uddannelse, videnskab og kultur, UNESCO, omdrejningspunkt for en semantisk kamp i den internationale, videnskabelige verden om den rette definition af racebegrebet. En kamp der i sin essens handlede om naturvidenskabernes...... eller samfundsvidenskabernes fortrinsret, når det gjaldt fortolkningen af menneskets oprindelse, inddeling og værdi. Afhandlingen afdækker UNESCOs initiativer og vurderer deres virkningshistorie i tiden fra 1945 og frem til 1965, hvor FN vedtog sin konvention mod racediskrimination. En central opgave...... for UNESCO i perioden var at udforme en erklæring, som indeholdt en almengyldig definition af racebegrebet. Det skete i troen på, at erklæringen kunne fjerne fordomme og bringe menneskeheden tættere sammen. Filosoffen Alain Finkielkraut har karakteriseret erklæringen som et politisk projekt...

  5. Gulerodens farefulde vej fra marken til forbrugeren

    OpenAIRE

    Knudsen, Inge M.B.; Jensen, Dan Funck; Jensen, Birgit

    2006-01-01

    Kølelagring af Lammefjords-gulerødder muligør, at der kan leveres danskproducerede gulerødder i perioden fra november til april. Sidst på lagringssæsonen kan mere ed 50% af rødderne dog være kassable på grund af lagersygdomme. I marken angribes rødderne af forskellige jordboende svampe, der allerede ved høst kan resultere i kassable rødder. I lagerperioden kan tilsyneladende raske gulerøder dog også udvikle sygdomme forårsaget af de mikrosvampe der forkommer naturligt på rødderne. Sår på ...

  6. Data warehouse til elbilers opladning og elpriser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ove; Krogh, Benjamin Bjerre; Torp, Kristian

    Denne rapport præsenterer, hvordan GPS og CAN bus målinger fra opladning af elbilerne er renset for typiske fejl og gemt i et data warehouse. GPS og CAN bus målingerne er i data warehouset integreret med priserne fra det Nordeuropæiske el spotmarked Nord Pool Spot. Denne integration muliggør, at...... målinger om opladningen af elbiler er sammen med priserne fra el spotmarkedet indlæst i et data warehouse, som er fuldt ud implementeret. Den logiske data model for dette data warehouse præsenteres i detaljer. Håndteringen af GPS og CAN bus målingerne er generisk og kan udvides til nye data kilder...

  7. Danske vindmøller til havs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flemming Petersen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Artiklen analyserer udviklingen af de danske havvindmøller i perioden 1991 til 2013. Analysen tager afsæt i forskning inden for vindmøllehistorie med reference til Thomas Hughes teknologiske systemer og M. Callons aktør-netværksteori. Som hovedaktørerne i netværket gennemgås forskellige regeringers energipolitik, elforsyningen, statslige myndigheder, forskere i vindmølleteknologi, lokale og landsdækkende organisationer samt leverandører af teknologi og serviceydelser. Artiklen viser, at det i Danmark er lykkedes at opbygge et komplekst og velfungerende teknologisk netværk på havvindmølleområdet. En veludbygget vindmølleindustri, samt en grøn energipolitik med folkelig støtte har gået hånd i hånd med elforsyningens kommercielle interesser.Danish offshore wind turbinesThe article analyses the development of Danish offshore wind turbines from 1991 to 2013. The analysis builds on top of the research within the history of wind turbines with refers to the Technological system theory by Thomas Hughes and M. Callons actor-network theory. The prime actors of the network of offshore wind turbines are the energy politics of different Danish governments, electricity companies, different authorities as Ministries and boards, researchers of wind turbine technology, local and national organizations and the suppliers of wind turbines and related services. The article shows that within the little country of Denmark it was possible to build a complex technological network among all these partners. The technological network worked because there was a political and popular goodwill, and its success have depend on a common agenda between commercial interests and a green ideology. 

  8. Role of alveolar type II cells and of surfactant-associated protein C mRNA levels in the pathogenesis of respiratory distress in mink kits infected with Aleutian mink disease parvovirus.

    OpenAIRE

    Viuff, B; Aasted, B; Alexandersen, S.

    1994-01-01

    Neonatal mink kits infected with Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV) develop an acute interstitial pneumonia with clinical symptoms and pathological lesions that resemble those seen in preterm human infants with respiratory distress syndrome and in human adults with adult respiratory distress syndrome. We have previously suggested that ADV replicates in the alveolar type II epithelial cells of the lung. By using double in situ hybridization, with the simultaneous use of a probe to detect A...

  9. Recombinant Newcastle disease viral vector expressing hemagglutinin or fusion of canine distemper virus is safe and immunogenic in minks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Jinying; Wang, Xijun; Tian, Meijie; Gao, Yuwei; Wen, Zhiyuan; Yu, Guimei; Zhou, Weiwei; Zu, Shulong; Bu, Zhigao

    2015-05-15

    Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) infects many carnivores and cause several high-mortality disease outbreaks. The current CDV live vaccine cannot be safely used in some exotic species, such as mink and ferret. Here, we generated recombinant lentogenic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) LaSota expressing either envelope glycoproyein, heamagglutinine (H) or fusion protein (F), named as rLa-CDVH and rLa-CDVF, respectively. The feasibility of these recombinant NDVs to serve as live virus-vectored CD vaccine was evaluated in minks. rLa-CDVH induced significant neutralization antibodies (NA) to CDV and provided solid protection against virulent CDV challenge. On the contrast, rLa-CDVF induced much lower NA to CDV and fail to protected mink from virulent CDV challenge. Results suggest that recombinant NDV expressing CDV H is safe and efficient candidate vaccine against CDV in mink, and maybe other host species. PMID:25865465

  10. Farmers’ perception of stable schools as a tool to improve management for the benefit of mink welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Britt I. F.; Anneberg, Inger; Sørensen, Jan Tind;

    2015-01-01

    schools, and that motivation for working towards a common goal is very important for the process of common learning among the farmers. The uniform production system at mink farms gives special challenges in how to work with the different subjects to ensure farmer ownership of the process. The farmers did......The aim of the study was to explore farmers' perception of stable schools as a tool to improve management for the benefit of mink welfare. Stable schools are knowledge exchange between farmers working towards a common goal, being able to give practical advice to each other. The concept is based on...... farmer field schools, developed and used in developing countries. Several Danish mink farmers are familiar with erfa-groups which also are farmers meeting, often with an advisor taking part, but the stable schools with only farmers and a facilitator have never been tested on mink farms. In 2013, we...

  11. Diagnostic SNPs for inferring population structure in American mink (Neovison vison) identified through RAD sequencing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Data from: "Diagnostic SNPs for inferring population structure in American mink (Neovison vison) identified through RAD sequencing" in Genomic Resources Notes accepted 1 October 2014 to 30 November 2014....

  12. Additional foraging elements reduce abnormal behaviour – fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour – in farmed mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens; Palme, Rupert; Svendsen, Pernille Maj;

    2013-01-01

    We investigated whether provision of additional appetitive and consummatory elements of foraging reduces baseline stress and abnormal behaviour – in terms of fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour – in farmed mink. We studied 200 juveniles (n = 100 females and 100 males) during the 5-month growth......; (iii) CONS, chunky feed (parts up to 42 mm), replacing conventional feed; (iv) BOTH, access to both biting ropes and chunky feed. In growing mink, biting ropes reduced fur-chewing (P = 0.044) and chunky feed reduced stereotypic behaviour (P = 0.038) and fur-chewing in female mink (P = 0.019). During......, stereotypic behaviour was reduced by provision of chunky feed, increasing the consummatory element in daily foraging. Fur-chewing was reduced upon access to either biting ropes or chunky feed in female mink throughout the study. Our findings support frustrated foraging, mainly consummatory, behind abnormal...

  13. WelFur-mink: inter-observer reliability of on-farm welfare assessment in the growth season

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Steen Henrik; Rousing, Tine; Hansen, Steffen W

    2012-01-01

    consequences of operating with several observers. Animal based measures on 9 Danish mink farms were taken in November 2011. Eight observers individually, but in paris on herd level, carried out data collection on the measures involving subjective grading, e.g. mink "activity", "injuries" and "fur-chewing" on...... approximately 120 cages with mink per farm. The assessment of the two observers gave similar frequencies of welfare problems and thus similar welfare assessments. The individual problems observed were however, not the same leading to poor or fair, but rarely good inter observer reliability. Despite the skilled...... assessors, the short training was not sufficient to get highly reliable results. No overall difference was found between the inter observer reliability of cages with ≤2 or ≥3 mink in a cage. More training and better training material and, for some measures, observation procedures are needed in order to...

  14. Wildlife Reservoirs of Canine Distemper Virus Resulted in a Major Outbreak in Danish Farmed Mink (Neovison vison)

    OpenAIRE

    Ramona Trebbien; Mariann Chriel; Tina Struve; Charlotte Kristiane Hjulsager; Gitte Larsen; Lars Erik Larsen

    2014-01-01

    A major outbreak of canine distemper virus (CDV) in Danish farmed mink (Neovison vison) started in the late summer period of 2012. At the same time, a high number of diseased and dead wildlife species such as foxes, raccoon dogs, and ferrets were observed. To track the origin of the outbreak virus full-length sequencing of the receptor binding surface protein hemagglutinin (H) was performed on 26 CDV's collected from mink and 10 CDV's collected from wildlife species. Subsequent phylogenetic a...

  15. Reproductive and morphological condition of wild mink (Mustela vison) and river otters (Lutra canadensis) in relation to chlorinated hydrocarbon contamination.

    OpenAIRE

    Harding, L E; Harris, M L; Stephen, C. R.; Elliott, J.E.

    1999-01-01

    We assessed chlorinated hydrocarbon contamination of mink and river otters on the Columbia and Fraser River systems of northwestern North America, in relation to morphological measures of condition. We obtained carcasses of mink and river otters from commercial trappers during the winters 1994-1995 and 1995-1996. Necropsies included evaluation of the following biological parameters: sex, body mass and length, age, thymus, heart, liver, lung, spleen, pancreas, kidney, gonad, omentum, adrenal g...

  16. Individual based modeling of North Atlantic common minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) migratory and foraging behaviour in the Nordic Seas

    OpenAIRE

    Dillon, Ryan James

    2014-01-01

    The North Atlantic common minke whale (Balaenoptera Acutorostrata) is an abundant, top-level marine predator in the Nordic Seas and Barents Sea ecosystems whose large-scale migratory and foraging behaviors are widely unknown. Understanding these behaviors may offer important insight into their life-history and management-unit structuring as defined by the International Whaling Commission. Existing modeling do not incorporate spatially-explicit movements of individual minkes, limiting our abil...

  17. Hva er sentrale utfordringer knyttet til implementering av det autoritative perspektivet?

    OpenAIRE

    Sola, Marie

    2012-01-01

    Denne masteroppgaven omhandler utfordringer knyttet til implementering av det autoritative perspektivet i barnehagen. Det autoritative perspektivet er kort fortalt pedagogen som både opptrer støttende i relasjoner til barn, og som samtidig setter tydelige krav og standard til atferd. Dette perspektivet er utviklet med bakgrunn i forskningen til Baumrind (1991). Implementering handler om å endre eller utvikle ny praksis. Forskning viser til at overføring og vedlikehold av effektive programmer ...

  18. Autumn-winter diet of three carnivores, European mink (Mustela lutreola, Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra and small-spotted genet (Genetta genetta, in northern Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palazón, S.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the autumn-winter diet of three carnivores (Mustela lutreola, Lutra lutra and Genetta genetta in northern Spain. Diet composition was analysed from 85 European mink, 156 otter and 564 spotted genet fecal samples The European mink diet was based on small mammals (relative frequency of occurrences 38.1%, fish (30.9% and birds (16.7%. Spotted genet consumed mainly small mammals, birds and fruits, whilst otter predated practically only fish (95%. Using Levins’ index, trophic-niche widths in European mink, small-spotted genet and Eurasian otter were 3.76, 3.77 and 1.10, respectively. The trophic niche overlap by Pianka index for autumn-winter was 0.77 for European mink vs. Small-spotted genet, and 0.60 for European mink vs. otter. The average size of brown trout taken by otter was larger than those consumed by European mink.

  19. Peer til peer i arbejdet med udsatte mennesker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dindler, Camilla; Ahlmark, Nanna; Norrhäll, Oskar;

    mænd i risiko for at udvikle type 2 diabetes. En del af evalueringsopdraget har været at tilvejebringe viden om relevant litteratur om peer-metoder. I denne forbindelse er dette notat udarbejdet til Københavns Kommunes Forebyggelsescenter Nørrebro af evaluerings-teamet, som består af forsker, Nanna......Statens Institut for Folkesundhed, Syddansk Universitet har fået til opdrag at lave en formativ procesevaluering af Københavns Kommunes projekt Mænd i København. Projektet omhandler udvikling og implementering af en peer til peer indsats med henblik på at forbedre sundhed og trivsel blandt udsatte...... Ahlmark, adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet Camilla Dindler, praktikant og specialestuderende Oskar Norrhäll og specialestuderende Pernille Hartvig Jensen. Notatet er en sammenfatning af udvalgt forskningslitteratur og rapporter om peer til peer-relaterede projekter målrettet udsatte grupper i forbindelse...

  20. Definitioner af og holdninger til dyrevelfærd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandøe, Peter; Christensen, Tove; Forkman, Björn; Lassen, Jesper

    En stillingtagen til, hvad der er god dyrevelfærd for landbrugets produktionsdyr, bygger ideelt set ikke kun på biologisk indsigt, der indgår også etiske holdninger. Samtidig er der grund til at tro, at forskellige grupper ikke vil være enige, når det kommer til en diskussion af disse holdninger. I...... dyrevelfærd i form af en række kriterier, som kan danne grundlag for videnskabelige målinger. Endelig vil vi præsentere viden om befolkningens syn på begrebet dyrevelfærd og om, i hvilket omfang og på hvilken måde folk i deres egenskab af forbrugere er villige til at betale for god dyrevelfærd....

  1. Naturfagslæreres holdninger til Obligatoriske Nationale Test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Henrik Lundsted

    2010-01-01

    Projektet ’Obligatoriske Nationale Test i folkeskolen inden for naturfagsområdet’ er et pilotprojekt, der har til formål at undersøge de deltagende naturfagslæreres holdning til Obligatoriske Nationale Test(ONT), og i den forbindelse forsøger at afdække, hvilke direkte og indirekte konsekvenser l...... lærerne mener det evt. har for undervisningen....

  2. Kan lignin omdannes til flydende brændstof?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Joachim Bachmann; Jensen, Anders; Felby, Claus;

    2015-01-01

    Ved en solvolytisk omdannelse af plantematerialet lignin til et flydende brændstof behandles det ved høj temperatur og højt tryk i et passende opløsningsmiddel. En sådan proces kan gennemføres ikke-katalytisk og være med til at skabe flydende brændsler baseret på vedvarende energikilder. Her...

  3. En differentieret tilgang til total cost of ownership (TCO)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariassen, Frederik

    2010-01-01

    Økonomistyring er en nødvendig brik i forsøget på at kunne styre dele af eller hele forsyningskæden, og til dette bruges diverse økonomistyringsværktøjer. Denne artikel omhandler økonomistyringsværktøjet 'total cost of ownership', og hvordan dette kan bruges til at forbedre samarbejdet med virkso...

  4. Basel III : nye krav til kapital og likviditet

    OpenAIRE

    Ngo, Van Giang

    2013-01-01

    Finanskrisen påviste vesentlige mangler ved dagens gjeldende bankregulering. Som en respons på den internasjonale finanskrisen har Baselkomiteen lansert et nytt og strengere regelverk til kapitaldekning og likviditet. Det nye regelverket kalles for Basel III og skal forbedre banksektorens evne til å absorbere sjokk og gjøre banksystemet mer robust overfor fremtidige kriser. I denne oppgaven skal jeg teste om DNB Bank oppfyller de nye kapitaldeknings- og likviditetskrav...

  5. Underleverandørernes veje til de internationale markeder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman; Christensen, Poul Rind

    1998-01-01

    Underleverandørers vej til de internationale markeder tager principielt fire generiske ruter. Artiklen giver et overblik over disse og identificerer hvilke forhold der har betydning for underleverandørens valg af rute.......Underleverandørers vej til de internationale markeder tager principielt fire generiske ruter. Artiklen giver et overblik over disse og identificerer hvilke forhold der har betydning for underleverandørens valg af rute....

  6. Full genome comparison and characterization of avian H10 viruses with different pathogenicity in Mink (Mustela vison reveals genetic and functional differences in the non-structural gene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belák Sándor

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The unique property of some avian H10 viruses, particularly the ability to cause severe disease in mink without prior adaptation, enabled our study. Coupled with previous experimental data and genetic characterization here we tried to investigate the possible influence of different genes on the virulence of these H10 avian influenza viruses in mink. Results Phylogenetic analysis revealed a close relationship between the viruses studied. Our study also showed that there are no genetic differences in receptor specificity or the cleavability of the haemagglutinin proteins of these viruses regardless of whether they are of low or high pathogenicity in mink. In poly I:C stimulated mink lung cells the NS1 protein of influenza A virus showing high pathogenicity in mink down regulated the type I interferon promoter activity to a greater extent than the NS1 protein of the virus showing low pathogenicity in mink. Conclusions Differences in pathogenicity and virulence in mink between these strains could be related to clear amino acid differences in the non structural 1 (NS1 protein. The NS gene of mink/84 appears to have contributed to the virulence of the virus in mink by helping the virus evade the innate immune responses.

  7. Selektion mod stereotypi kan have modsat rettede konsekvenser for velfærd hos mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Leif Lau

    Mink blev selekteret for eller imod udførelse af stereotyp adfærd. Voksne tæver fra den tredje afkomstgeneration blev undersøgt for stereotypi og anden adfærdsmæssig aktivitet, samt for vækst, reproduktion, temperament og stressniveau. Dette skete i efteråret 2004. Tæverne fra den lavt stereotype......Mink blev selekteret for eller imod udførelse af stereotyp adfærd. Voksne tæver fra den tredje afkomstgeneration blev undersøgt for stereotypi og anden adfærdsmæssig aktivitet, samt for vækst, reproduktion, temperament og stressniveau. Dette skete i efteråret 2004. Tæverne fra den lavt...

  8. Estimates of the abundance of minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata from Faroese and Icelandic NASS shipboard surveys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel G Pike

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available North Atlantic Sightings Surveys for cetaceans were carried out Northeast and Central Atlantic in 1987, 1989, 1995 and 2001. Here we provide estimates of density and abundance for minke whales from the Faroese and Icelandic ship surveys. The estimates are not corrected for availability or perception biases. Double platform data collected in 2001 indicates that perception bias is likely considerable for this species. However comparison of corrected estimates of densityfrom aerial surveys with a ship survey estimate from the same area suggests that ship surveys can be nearly unbiased under optimal survey conditions with high searching effort. There were some regional changes in density over the period but no overall changes in density and abundance. Given the recent catch history for minke whales in this area, we would not expect to see changes in abundance due to exploitation that would be detectable with these surveys.

  9. Separating the mink dam from the litter at 7 or 8 weeks after delivery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens; Palme, Rupert; Larsen, Torben; Hansen, Steffen Werner

    The optimal timing of separating the mink dam from the litter is suggested to be a balance between the partly conflicting needs of the mother and the kits. Early removal of the dam or partial removal of the litter may protect the dam against exhaustion. Little is known about the maternal motivation.......014). Likewise, the dam calls increased on the separation day, peaking on the first day after separation (D1). The proportion of dams with calls decreased with litter age at separation (P=0.024). We interpret these results as a higher maternal motivation in dams at 7 weeks than at 8 weeks after delivery....... Additionally, the amount of dam calls after separation decreased with the litter size (P=0.022). Thus in addition to litter age, the size of the litter is important for the maternal motivation. These factors should, therefore, be taken into account in studies of the optimal separation age in mink....

  10. Evidence for natural recombination between mink enteritis virus and canine parvovirus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Jianke

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A virus was isolated from mink showing clinical and pathological signs of enteritis in China. This virus, designated MEV/LN-10, was identified as mink enteritis virus (MEV based on its cytopathic effect in the feline F81 cell line, the hemagglutination (HA and hemagglutination inhibition (HI assay, electron microscopy (EM and animal infection experiments. The complete viral genome was cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic and recombination analyses on the complete MEV/LN-10 genome showed evidence of recombination between MEV and canine parvovirus (CPV. The genome was composed of the NS1 gene originating from CPV while the VP1 gene was of MEV origin. This is the first demonstration of recombination between a CPV and MEV in nature. Our findings not only provide valuable evidence indicating that recombination is an important genetic mechanism contributing to the variation and evolution of MEV, but also that heterogeneous recombination can occur in the feline parvovirus subspecies.

  11. Heterosis and genetic variation in the litter size of purebred and crossbred mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thirstrup, Janne Pia; Larsen, Peter Foged; Pertoldi, Cino;

    2014-01-01

    animals originating from different farms. Effect of heterosis, color type, and variance components were estimated using Average information REML (AI-REML) algorithm implemented in the DMU package for analyzing multivariate mixed models. Females from 7 generations that gave birth to at least 1 offspring......Crosses between different mink lines from 3 Danish mink farms that use different breeding strategies were studied to estimate heterosis and variance components for litter size. The study was designed to analyze crosses between lines of the same color type, between different color types, and between...... were analyzed and the effects of parity and production year were included in the analyses. Genetic trend and the proportions of the total variance explained by the effects of additive genetics (h2) , common environment (due to repeated litters from the same female; c2), and dam of the female (granddame...

  12. Bidrag til en karakteristik af identitetskonstruktion på nettet - fra virtuel til medialiseret identitet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Thode Hougaard

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Efter en kort introduktion til den tidligere forskning i identitet og computermedieret kommunikation undersøges forskellige eksempler på konstruktion af netidentitet i henholdsvis dansk webchat og på Facebook. Hvor der i chat var meget fokus på leg med køn og identitet, er der på de aktuelle sociale medier i højere grad tale om selvrapportering og -iscenesættelse og på at være anerkendelsesværdig. Artiklen slutter af med at foreslå begrebet "medialiseret identitet" for at understrege mediernes centrale rolle i den enkeltes identitetsarbejde.

  13. Pathogenesis of canine distemper virus in experimentally infected raccoon dogs, foxes, and minks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jianjun; Shi, Ning; Sun, Yangang; Martella, Vito; Nikolin, Veljko; Zhu, Chunsheng; Zhang, Hailing; Hu, Bo; Bai, Xue; Yan, Xijun

    2015-10-01

    Canine distemper virus (CDV) infects a broad range of carnivores and causes a highly contagious disease with severe immunosuppression. The disease severity markedly varies in different species. To investigate the pathogenesis of CDV in raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides), fox (Vulpes vulpes) and mink (Neovison vison) species, three groups of CDV sero-negative animals were infected with CDV strain LN(10)1. This CDV strain belongs to the Asia-1 genotype, which is epidemiologically predominant in carnivores in China. CDV infection provoked marked differences in virulence in the three species that were studied. Raccoon dogs developed fever, severe conjunctivitis, and pathological lesions, with 100% (5/5) mortality and with high viral RNA loads in organs within 15 days post infection (dpi). In infected foxes, the onset of the disease was delayed, with 40% (2/5) mortality by 21 dpi. Infected minks developed only mild clinical signs and pathological lesions, and mortality was not observed. Raccoon dogs and foxes showed more severe immune suppression (lymphopenia, decreased lymphocyte proliferation, viremia and low-level virus neutralizing antibodies) than minks. We also observed a distinct pattern of cytokine mRNA transcripts at different times after infection. Decreased IFN-γ and IL-4 mRNA responses were evident in the animals with fatal disease, while up-regulation of these cytokines was observed in the animals surviving the infection. Increased TNF-α response was detected in animals with mild or severe clinical signs. Based on the results, we could distinguish three different patterns of disease after experimental CDV infection, e.g. a mild form in minks, a moderate form in foxes and a severe disease in raccoon dogs. The observed differences in susceptibility to CDV could be related to distinct host cytokine profiles. Comparative evaluation of CDV pathogenesis in various animal species is pivotal to generate models suitable for the evaluation of CDV

  14. Structure and Steroidogenesis of the Placenta in the Antarctic Minke Whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis)

    OpenAIRE

    SASAKI, Motoki; AMANO, Yoko; HAYAKAWA, Daisuke; Tsubota, Toshio; Ishikawa, Hajime; MOGOE, Toshihiro; OHSUMI, Seiji; TETSUKA, Masafumi; MIYAMOTO, Akio; Fukui, Yutaka; BUDIPITOJO, Teguh; KITAMURA, Nobuo

    2012-01-01

    Abstract There are few reports describing the structure and function of the whale placenta with the advance of pregnancy. In this study, therefore, the placenta and nonpregnant uterus of the Antarctic minke whale were observed morphologically and immunohistochemically. Placentas and nonpregnant uteri were collected from the 15th, 16th and 18th Japanese Whale Research Programme with Special Permit in the Antarctic (JARPA) and 1st JARPA II organized by the Institute of Cetacean Research in Toky...

  15. The identification, typing, and antimicrobial susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from mink with hemorrhagic pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Jing; Li, Lulu; Du, Yijun; Wang, Shourong; Wang, Jinwen; Luo, Yanbo; Che, Jie; Lu, Jinxing; Liu, Hui; Hu, Guangchun; Li, Jixia; Gong, Yanwen; Wang, Guisheng; Hu, Ming; Shiganyan; Liu, Yuqing

    2014-06-01

    The biological characteristics and molecular epidemiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa associated with mink hemorrhagic pneumonia from Shandong province of eastern China were determined in this study. From 2010 to 2011, 30 mink P. aeruginosa isolates were identified from lung, fecal and feed samples of clinical cases and subjected to serotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility testing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using SpeI. The P. aeruginosa isolates belonged to four serotypes-21 of type G, four of type I, three of type M, one of type B, and one non-typable strain. The strains were divided into four large groups as determined by PFGE. Isolates from the group 2 were highly homologous and were obtained from the same region as an epidemic. All of the isolates were sensitive to piperacillin, piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime, cefepime, imipenem, amikacin, gentamicin and tobramycin and resistant to ampicillin, cefuroxime and cefuroxime axetil. A high frequency of resistance was found to ampicillin/sulbactam, cefazolin, cefotetan, ceftriaxone, nitrofurantoin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (96.7%). Resistance to ticarcillin/clavulanic acid, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin was less common (13.3%). There was no relationship between antibiotic resistance and serotype distribution of the isolates. The epidemic serotype of P. aeruginosa from the mink hemorrhagic pneumonia in Shandong province was type G, which was a clone of commonly found in this province. These findings reveal the genetic similarities and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of P. aeruginosa from clinical cases of mink hemorrhagic pneumonia and will facilitate the prevention and control of the disease in Shandong province of China. PMID:24629901

  16. Cetaceans evolution: insights from the genome sequences of common minke whales

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Jung Youn; An, Yong-Rock; Kanda, Naohisa; An, Chul-Min; An, Hye Suck; Kang, Jung-Ha; Kim, Eun Mi; An, Du-Hae; Jung, Hojin; Joung, Myunghee; Park, Myung Hum; Yoon, Sook Hee; Lee, Bo-Young; Lee, Taeheon; Kim, Kyu-Won

    2015-01-01

    Background Whales have captivated the human imagination for millennia. These incredible cetaceans are the only mammals that have adapted to life in the open oceans and have been a source of human food, fuel and tools around the globe. The transition from land to water has led to various aquatic specializations related to hairless skin and ability to regulate their body temperature in cold water. Results We present four common minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) genomes with depth of ×13 ...

  17. Mastitis in the lactating mink female (Mustela vison S.) and the development of "greasy kits"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, T.N.; Dietz, Hans H.

    2000-01-01

    "Greasy kits" is the result ufa multifactorial disease complex with few known definitive aetiological factors. Mastitis has been hypothesized as a triggering factor although classical clinical signs of mastitis (rubor, tumor, dolor, calor) are rarely seen in lactating Danish mink Females. In this...... isolated streptococci and staphylococci from 2 mammary glands in females raising greasy kits. These glands showed no clinical or histological signs of inflammation attributable to bacteria and we conclude that mastitis is not necessary for the generation of greasy kits....

  18. Environmentally enriched male mink gain more copulations than stereotypic, barren-reared competitors

    OpenAIRE

    María Díez-León; Jeff Bowman; Steve Bursian; Hélène Filion; David Galicia; Jeannette Kanefsky; Angelo Napolitano; Rupert Palme; Albrecht Schulte-Hostedde; Kim Scribner; Georgia Mason

    2013-01-01

    Wild carnivores in zoos, conservation breeding centres, and farms commonly live in relatively small, unstimulating enclosures. Under these captive conditions, in a range of species including giant pandas, black-footed ferrets, and European mink, male reproductive abilities are often poor. Such problems have long been hypothesized to be caused by these animals' housing conditions. We show for the first time that rearing under welfare-improving (i.e., highly valued and stress-reducing) environm...

  19. Longitudinal Analysis of Residual Feed Intake in Mink using Random Regression with Heterogeneous Residual Variance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shirali, Mahmoud; Nielsen, Vivi Hunnicke; Møller, Steen Henrik;

    Heritability of residual feed intake (RFI) increased from low to high over the growing period in male and female mink. The lowest heritability for RFI (male: 0.04 ± 0.01 standard deviation (SD); female: 0.05 ± 0.01 SD) was in early and the highest heritability (male: 0.33 ± 0.02; female: 0.34 ± 0.......02 SD) was achieved at the late growth stages. The genetic correlation between different growth stages for RFI showed a high association (0.91 to 0.98) between early and late growing periods. However, phenotypic correlations were lower from 0.29 to 0.50. The residual variances were substantially higher...... at the end compared to the early growing period suggesting that heterogeneous residual variance should be considered for analyzing feed efficiency data in mink. This study suggests random regression methods are suitable for analyzing feed efficiency and that genetic selection for RFI in mink is...

  20. First report of Filaria martis Gmelin, 1790 in the European mink, Mustela lutreola (Linnaeus, 1761).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Jordi; Miquel, Jordi; Fournier-Chambrillon, Christine; André, Adrien; Urra Maya, Fermín; Giralda Carrera, Gloria; Fournier, Pascal

    2016-06-01

    The riparian European mink (Mustela lutreola), currently surviving in only three unconnected sites in Europe, is now listed as a critically endangered species according to the IUCN. Habitat loss and degradation, anthropic mortality, interaction with the feral American mink (Neovison vison), and infectious diseases are among the principal causes of its decline. Surveys of helminth parasites of this host that also include focus on subcutaneous potentially pathogenic helminths such as those belonging to the genus Filaria are very scarce. We report here the presence of specimens of Filaria martis in the subcutaneous connective tissues of three M. lutreola individuals from Spain. This is the first finding of a subcutaneous nematode in a representative of the genus Mustela. The report also enlarges the known range of the definitive hosts of this nematode. These worms were mainly located in the dorsal region of mink and more rarely in the knees, elbows, and hips. Skin sloughing was only observed in one M. lutreola with both septicaemia and an associated high burden of F. martis. Therefore, more attention should be paid to potentially pathogenic helminths when designing conservation programs dedicated to M. lutreola. PMID:27008189

  1. Rate of exposure of a sentinel species, invasive American mink (Neovison vison) in Scotland, to anticoagulant rodenticides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Suárez, Norberto; Melero, Yolanda; Giela, Anna; Henríquez-Hernández, Luis A; Sharp, Elizabeth; Boada, Luis D; Taylor, Michael J; Camacho, María; Lambin, Xavier; Luzardo, Octavio P; Hartley, Gill

    2016-11-01

    Anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) are highly toxic compounds that are exclusively used for the control of rodent pests. Despite their defined use, they are nonetheless found in a large number of non-target species indicating widespread penetration of wildlife. Attempts to quantify the scale of problem are complicated by non-random sampling of individuals tested for AR contamination. The American mink (Neovison vison) is a wide ranging, non-native, generalist predator that is subject to wide scale control efforts in the UK. Exposure to eight ARs was determined in 99 mink trapped in NE Scotland, most of which were of known age. A high percentage (79%) of the animals had detectable residues of at least one AR, and more than 50% of the positive animals had two or more ARs. The most frequently detected compound was bromadiolone (75% of all animals tested), followed by difenacoum (53% of all mink), coumatetralyl (22%) and brodifacoum (9%). The probability of mink exposure to ARs increased by 4.5% per month of life, and was 1.7 times higher for mink caught in areas with a high, as opposed to a low, density of farms. The number of AR compounds acquired also increased with age and with farm density. No evidence was found for sexual differences in the concentration and number of ARs. The wide niche and dietary overlap of mink with several native carnivore species, and the fact that American mink are culled for conservation throughout Europe, suggest that this species may act as a sentinel species, and the application of these data to other native carnivores is discussed. PMID:27387798

  2. Metodeudvikling af hjælp til familier med børn med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Kirsten; Nørregård, Birgitte

    2000-01-01

    Et undersøgelses- og metodeudviklingsprojekt i relation til forældre til børn med handicap, der passer deres barn i hjemmet. Projektet var finansieret af satspuljemidler. projektet bestod af en række delprojekter, hvis resultater samt anbefalinger til Socialministeriet er samlet i denne evaluerin......Et undersøgelses- og metodeudviklingsprojekt i relation til forældre til børn med handicap, der passer deres barn i hjemmet. Projektet var finansieret af satspuljemidler. projektet bestod af en række delprojekter, hvis resultater samt anbefalinger til Socialministeriet er samlet i denne...

  3. Interactions between retinol, α-tocopherol and cholecalciferol need consideration in diets for farmed mink (Mustela vison).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hymøller, Lone; Clausen, Tove N; Jensen, Søren K

    2016-03-14

    A sufficient but balanced vitamin supplementation is a prerequisite for a satisfactory growth pattern and an effective immune system in mink and all other species. The fat-soluble vitamins are very sensitive to over- or under-supply because they interact with each other with respect to dose-response and chemical form. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of increasing the amount of retinol in combination with RRR-α-tocopherol or all-rac-α-tocopherol in the feed given to growing mink on their retinol, cholecalciferol and α-tocopherol concentrations in plasma and selected organs. The results showed that the mink met their retinol requirements from the basal diet, but there were no negative effects of supplying various amounts of retinol on their plasma α-tocopherol concentrations. On the other hand, the study showed that the cholecalciferol status in plasma, assessed as the 25-hydroxycholecalciferol concentration, was low when retinol was supplemented in the feed at high levels. In addition, supplementation with RRR-α-tocopherol in the feed negatively affected the plasma concentration of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol compared with supplementation with all-rac-α-tocopherol. In general, female mink had higher concentrations of fat-soluble vitamins in plasma than male mink. PMID:26787295

  4. Coronavirus infection in mink (Mustela vison). Serological evidence of infection with a coronavirus related to transmissible gastroenteritis virus and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Have, P; Moving, V; Svansson, V; Uttenthal, Åse; Bloch, B

    1992-01-01

    Antibodies to a transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)-related coronavirus have been demonstrated in mink sera by indirect immunofluorescence, peroxidase-linked antibody assays and immunoblotting. This is the first serological evidence of a specific coronavirus infection in mink. The putative...

  5. Establishment of Stably Transfected Cells Constitutively Expressing the Full-Length and Truncated Antigenic Proteins of Two Genetically Distinct Mink Astroviruses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bidokhti, Mehdi R. M.; Ullman, Karin; Jensen, Trine Hammer;

    2013-01-01

    as evaluated by in-situ PLA and IFA, and confirmed by Western blotting. The recombinant full-length and truncated proteins induced a high level of antibodies in mink, evaluated by ELISA, demonstrating their immunogenicity. In a challenge experiment in mink, a reduction in presentation clinical signs and virus...

  6. Tunnelerede centrale venekatetre til børn med cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrøder, Henrik; Malchau, Emma; Larsen, Line Nordahl; Bugge, Kristina; Olsen, Lars Henning; Kamperis, Konstantinos

    2008-01-01

    overlevelsen af det først anlagte TCVK hos børn med nydiagnosticeret cancer. Materiale og metoder: I studiet indgår der oplysninger om alle børn med cancer, der fra den 1. januar 2000 til den 1. september 2006 fik anlagt et dobbeltløbet Hickman CVK (2-Hick) eller et dobbeltløbet Port-a-cath (2-PaC). Der er...... (p<0.01) korreleret til CVK-overlevelse. Konklusion: Anvendelse af dobbeltløbet Port-a-cath til børn i alle aldre er forbundet med signifikant færre fjernelser pga. komplikationer end anvendelse af Hickman CVK.  Udgivelsesdato: 28. januar 2008...

  7. Private sundhedsforsikringer og holdninger til det universelle skattefinansierede sundhedssystem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dejgaard, Thomas Engel; Pedersen, Jesper Møller

    Vi kender historien: Antallet af borgere med en privat sundhedsforsikring er eksploderet siden 2002. Over 1.000.000 danskere har nu et regulært alternativ til behandling i det offentlige. Men er der tegn på, at borgerne også vælger den offentlige sundhedssektor fra? Vi tager temperaturen på...... borgernes holdninger til det danske sundhedssystem, der er blevet forandret væsentligt det sidste årti. Vi ønsker at undersøge, om de nye private forsikringsordninger har udkrystalliseret sig i forandringer i borgernes holdninger. For en lang række danskerne har nu et reelt alternativ til behandling i det...

  8. Historikere bør holde sig for gode til kastreret krigsundersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryld, Claus

    2016-01-01

    Krigskommisionens sammensætning kommer til at betyde, at ingen vil blive holdt ansvarlige for Danmarks krige.......Krigskommisionens sammensætning kommer til at betyde, at ingen vil blive holdt ansvarlige for Danmarks krige....

  9. First report of Cryptosporidium canis in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and identification of several novel subtype families for Cryptosporidium mink genotype in minks (Mustela vison) in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Siwen; Tao, Wei; Liu, Chengwu; Jiang, Yanxue; Wan, Qiang; Li, Qiao; Yang, Hang; Lin, Yongchao; Li, Wei

    2016-07-01

    Despite the rapid and extensive advances in molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium in humans and a variety of animals, the prevalence and genetic traits of the parasite in wildlife bred in captivity and the role of the neglected hosts in zoonotic transmission of human cryptosporidiosis are rarely understood. This study investigated the prevalence, species/genotype, and subtype of Cryptosporidium in farmed fur animals in China and assessed the possibility of zoonotic transmission. Three of 191 (1.6%) foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 17 of 162 (10.5%) raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides), and 48 of 162 (29.6%) minks (Mustela vison) were positive for Cryptosporidium by nested PCRs targeting the small subunit rRNA gene. Sequence analysis indicated the presence of only Cryptosporidium canis in foxes and raccoon dogs. There is no significant difference in prevalence between young and adult foxes (or raccoon dogs). Three Cryptosporidium species or genotype including C. canis, Cryptosporidium meleagridis, and mink genotype were determined in minks aged five to six months. Subtyping based on nucleotide and amino acid sequence polymorphisms of the 60kDa glycoprotein facilitated identification of three novel subtype families named as Xb to Xd for Cryptosporidium mink genotype. The presence of zoonotic C. canis, C. meleagridis, and Cryptosporidium mink genotype in captive-bred fur animals is of public health concerns. The findings expanded the host ranges of C. canis and C. meleagridis and confirmed genetic diversity at the subtype level in Cryptosporidium mink genotype. This is the first study reporting Cryptosporidium infections in foxes and raccoon dogs in China. PMID:27001467

  10. Forekomst af resistente bakterier og forbrug af antibiotika til hunde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Karl; Pedersen, Kristina; Jensen, Helene; Finster, Kai; Jensen, Vibeke Frøkjær; Heuer, Ole E.

    2007-01-01

    Forekomsten af antibiotikaresistens i forskellige patogene bakterier fra hunde blev bestemt og resultaterne sammenholdt med forbrug af antibiotika til hunde i Danmark. I undersøgelsen indgik isolater af Staphylococcus intermedius (n=201), Streptococcus canis (n=37), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=39......), Pasteurella multocida (n=25), Bordetella bronchiseptica (n=14), Proteus spp. (n=29), og E. coli (n=449). I undersøgelsen anvendtes data fra VetStat databasen. Størstedelen af de antibiotika, der bruges til hunde er bredspektrede. Penicilliner med udvidet spektrum, cephalosporiner samt sulphonamider...

  11. Norske og internasjonale regler og initiativ knyttet til samfunnsansvar

    OpenAIRE

    Ditlev-Simonsen, Caroline D.

    2014-01-01

    Det har vært en kraftig vekst i nasjonale og internasjonale initiativ, standarder og verktøy knyttet til samfunnsansvar (Corporate Social Responsibility – CSR). For bedrifter kan det være tidskrevende og forvirrende å orientere seg om alle disse nye reglene og frivillige initiativene. Hvilke (om noen) er relevante for egen bedrift og hva som faktisk kreves og forventes av dem knyttet til CSR rapportering, er spørsmål bedrifter stiller seg. I denne artikkelen vil vi derfor gi en oversikt over ...

  12. Musikterapi til reduktion af agitation hos personer med demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Stige, Brynjulf

    2015-01-01

    Urolig adfærd hos demensramte på plejehjem kan defineres og måles med fagbegrebet agitation. Agitation har alvorlige konsekvenser for de berørte og kan føre til fald i livskvalitet og øget medicinering hos personer med svær demens, og kan ligeledes føre til udbrændthed hos omsorgsgivere. Agitation...... regarding the single individual. A relevant method in an integrated and holistic approach is professional music therapy combined with other staffs’ use of music in daily dementia care....

  13. WHERE THERE IS A TIL, THERE IS A WILL

    OpenAIRE

    Parle Milind; Dhamija Isha

    2013-01-01

    Til is a key ingredient in a variety of world cuisines, especially Asian, Middle Eastern and Mediterranean for its nutritional and medicinal value. Sesame seeds (Til) seem like tiny and simple pieces of nature's creation. The present study was undertaken to investigate the anxiolytic potential of Sesamum indicum in mice. A total of 150 Swiss mice, divided into 25 groups were employed in this study. Sesamum indicum (4%, 8% and 16% w/w) was admixed in diet of mice for a period of 14 days. Elev...

  14. Revisjon av anleggskontrakter i henhold til god revisjonsskikk

    OpenAIRE

    Woxen, Hans Jacob; Feng, Yennie Jie Zhen

    2014-01-01

    Prosjektregnskap må føres når anleggskontrakter foreligger. I de tilfelle disse inneholder vesentlig feilinformasjon, påvirker dette årsregnskapet i tilsvarende grad. Hvordan revisor må revidere for å ivareta kravet til god revisjonsskikk, utgjør problemstillingen som ligger til grunn for denne masteroppgaven. Anleggskontrakter er ifølge IAS 11 kontrakter som er særlig fremforhandlet for tilvirkning av en eiendel eller en kombinasjon av eiendeler. Denne definisjonen utdypes ...

  15. Er Web 2.0 klar til mainstream?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivang, Reimer

    2009-01-01

    BLOG: Spørgsmålene der relateres til Web 2.0 er mange. Men en af de mest signifikante er om netop din virksomhed skal anvende Web 2.0 teknologier? Hvad kan I få ud af det?......BLOG: Spørgsmålene der relateres til Web 2.0 er mange. Men en af de mest signifikante er om netop din virksomhed skal anvende Web 2.0 teknologier? Hvad kan I få ud af det?...

  16. The development of on-farm welfare assessment protocols for foxes and mink: the WelFur project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mononen, J; Møller, Steen Henrik; Hansen, Steffen W;

    2012-01-01

    The WelFur project aims at the development of on-farm welfare assessment protocols for farmed foxes (the blue fox [Vulpes lagopus], the silver fox [Vulpes vulpes]) and mink (Neovison vison). The WelFur protocols are based on Welfare Quality® (WQ) principles and criteria. Here, we describe the Wel...... were evaluated for their validity, reliability and feasibility. At present, we have identified 15 fox and 9 mink animal-based (or outcome-based) welfare measures, and 11 and 13 input-based (resource-based or management-based) measures. For both foxes and mink, each of the four WQ principles is judged...... from which the welfare of animals on European fur farms can be assessed....

  17. Ecological risk assessment in a large river-reservoir. 8: Experimental study of the effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on reproductive success in mink

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a component of an ecological risk assessment of Poplar Creek (located on the Oak Ridge Reservation [ORR]) and the Clinch River (a large river-reservoir system), fish from Poplar Creek, the Clinch River, and Atlantic Ocean were fed to ranch mink to evaluate reproductive success. Five diets, each composed of 75% fish and 25% normal ranch mink chow, were prepared. Two diets served as reference diets and contained 75% Atlantic Ocean fish or 75% Clinch River fish collected above the ORR. The fish portion of the remaining three diets contained 25, 50, and 75% fish collected from Poplar Creek and 50, 25, and 0% ocean fish, respectively. Five mink groups (eight females and two males each) were each fed one of the prepared diets for 196 days. Polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations were determined in diets and various mink tissues, ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity was determined in liver tissue, and reproductive success was evaluated. Concentrations of PCB were greatest in the diet composed of 75% Poplar Creek fish and in tissues from mink fed this diet and their offspring. There was a trend toward decreased adult female and kit weights and reduced mean litter size in mink fed diets containing 75% Poplar Creek fish; however, at 6 weeks of age, kit survival was similar among diet groups. Liver EROD activity significantly increased in adult female mink fed 50 and 75% Poplar Creek fish diets. Estimated dietary concentrations of PCBs were similar to or slightly lower than concentrations associated with adverse effects in experimentally dosed mink. Mercury (Hg) concentrations previously reported in these same mink were below that associated with adverse effects, and there was no indication of additive or synergistic effects from exposure to PCBs plus Hg. It is unlikely that population-level reproductive effects would be observed in mink consuming fish from Poplar Creek on the ORR

  18. Veje til professionel udvikling - i læreruddannelse og lærerabejde (red.)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    I bogen præsenteres forskellige veje til udvikling af praksis gennem et samarbejde mellem forskning, skole og uddannelse. Veje der kan bidrage til udvikling af undervisningspraksis og samtidig bidrage til professionel udvikling hos lærerstuderende, lærere i skolen, ledere i skolen og undervisere ...

  19. Fra Oklahoma! til Beauty and the Beast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen Kaargaard

    2010-01-01

    Artiklens formål er at bidrage til en belysning af Original Broadway Cast-albummets historiske udvikling til og som distinkt fonografisk undergenre i den amerikanske produktion af musical-album. På baggrund af en kort introduktion til amerikansk musical-musik som fonografisk fænomen med definitio...

  20. Context Matters: Multiple Novelty Tests Reveal Different Aspects of Shyness-Boldness in Farmed American Mink (Neovison vison.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Lehmkuhl Noer

    Full Text Available Animal personality research is receiving increasing interest from related fields, such as evolutionary personality psychology. By merging the conceptual understanding of personality, the contributions to both fields of research may be enhanced. In this study, we investigate animal personality based on the definition of personality traits as underlying dispositional factors, which are not directly measurable, but which predispose individuals to react through different behavioural patterns. We investigated the shyness-boldness continuum reflected in the consistency of inter-individual variation in behavioural responses towards novelty in 47 farmed American mink (Neovison vison, which were raised in identical housing conditions. Different stages of approach behaviour towards novelty, and how these related within and across contexts, were explored. Our experimental design contained four tests: two novel object tests (non-social contexts and two novel animated stimuli tests (social contexts. Our results showed consistency in shyness measures across multiple tests, indicating the existence of personality in farmed American mink. It was found that consistency in shyness measures differs across non-social and social contexts, as well as across the various stages in the approach towards novel objects, revealing that different aspects of shyness exist in the farmed American mink. To our knowledge this is the first study to reveal aspects of the shyness-boldness continuum in the American mink. Since the mink were raised in identical housing conditions, inherited factors may have been important in shaping the consistent inter-individual variation. Body weight and sex had no effect on the personality of the mink. Altogether, our results suggest that the shyness-boldness continuum cannot be explained by a simple underlying dispositional factor, but instead encompasses a broader term of hesitating behaviour that might comprise several different personality

  1. Isolation and characterization of a "phiKMV-like" bacteriophage and its therapeutic effect on mink hemorrhagic pneumonia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenhui Cao

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of using phages as a therapy against hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink both in vitro and in vivo. Five Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa strains were isolated from lungs of mink with suspected hemorrhagic pneumonia and their identity was confirmed by morphological observation and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. Compared to P. aeruginosa strains isolated from mink with hemorrhagic pneumonia in 2002, these isolates were more resistant to antibiotics selected. A lytic phage vB_PaeP_PPA-ABTNL (PPA-ABTNL of the Podoviridae family was isolated from hospital sewage using a P. aeruginosa isolate as host, showing broad host range against P. aeruginosa. A one-step growth curve analysis of PPA-ABTNL revealed eclipse and latent periods of 20 and 35 min, respectively, with a burst size of about 110 PFU per infected cell. Phage PPA-ABTNL significantly reduced the growth of P. aeruginosa isolates in vitro. The genome of PPA-ABTNL was 43,227 bp (62.4% G+C containing 54 open reading frames and lacked regions encoding known virulence factors, integration-related proteins and antibiotic resistance determinants. Genome architecture analysis showed that PPA-ABTNL belonged to the "phiKMV-like Viruses" group. A repeated dose inhalational toxicity study using PPA-ABTNL crude preparation was conducted in mice and no significantly abnormal histological changes, morbidity or mortality were observed. There was no indication of any potential risk associated with using PPA-ABTNL as a therapeutic agent. The results of a curative treatment experiment demonstrated that atomization by ultrasonic treatment could efficiently deliver phage to the lungs of mink and a dose of 10 multiplicity of infection was optimal for treating mink hemorrhagic pneumonia. Our work demonstrated the potential for phage to fight P. aeruginosa involved in mink lung infections when administered by means of ultrasonic nebulization.

  2. Structure and dynamics of minke whale surfacing patterns in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiansen, Fredrik; Lynas, Ned M; Lusseau, David; Tscherter, Ursula

    2015-01-01

    Animal behavioral patterns can help us understand physiological and ecological constraints on animals and its influence on fitness. The surfacing patterns of aquatic air-breathing mammals constitute a behavioral pattern that has evolved as a trade-off between the need to replenish oxygen stores at the surface and the need to conduct other activities underwater. This study aims to better understand the surfacing pattern of a marine top predator, the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), by investigating how their dive duration and surfacing pattern changes across their activity range. Activities were classified into resting, traveling, surface feeding and foraging at depth. For each activity, we classified dives into short and long dives and then estimated the temporal dependence between dive types. We found that minke whales modified their surfacing pattern in an activity-specific manner, both by changing the expression of their dives (i.e. density distribution) and the temporal dependence (transition probability) between dive types. As the depth of the prey layer increased between activities, the surfacing pattern of foraging whales became increasingly structured, going from a pattern dominated by long dives, when feeding at the surface, to a pattern where isolated long dives were followed by an increasing number of breaths (i.e. short dives), when the whale was foraging at depth. A similar shift in surfacing pattern occurred when prey handling time (inferred from surface corralling maneuvers) increased for surface feeding whales. The surfacing pattern also differed between feeding and non-feeding whales. Resting whales did not structure their surfacing pattern, while traveling whales did, possibly as a way to minimize cost of transport. Our results also suggest that minke whales might balance their oxygen level over multiple, rather than single, dive cycles. PMID:25970425

  3. Retinal function and morphology are altered in cattle infected with the prion disease transmissible mink encephalopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, J D; Greenlee, J J; Hamir, A N; Richt, J A; Greenlee, M H West

    2009-09-01

    Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are a group of diseases that result in progressive and invariably fatal neurologic disease in both animals and humans. TSEs are characterized by the accumulation of an abnormal protease-resistant form of the prion protein in the central nervous system. Transmission of infectious TSEs is believed to occur via ingestion of prion protein-contaminated material. This material is also involved in the transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow disease") to humans, which resulted in the variant form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Abnormal prion protein has been reported in the retina of TSE-affected cattle, but despite these observations, the specific effect of abnormal prion protein on retinal morphology and function has not been assessed. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize potential functional and morphologic abnormalities in the retinas of cattle infected with a bovine-adapted isolate of transmissible mink encephalopathy. We used electroretinography and immunohistochemistry to examine retinas from 10 noninoculated and 5 transmissible mink encephalopathy-inoculated adult Holstein steers. Here we show altered retinal function, as evidenced by prolonged implicit time of the electroretinogram b-wave, in transmissible mink encephalopathy-infected cattle before the onset of clinical illness. We also demonstrate disruption of rod bipolar cell synaptic terminals, indicated by decreased immunoreactivity for the alpha isoform of protein kinase C and vesicular glutamate transporter 1, and activation of Müller glia, as evidenced by increased glial fibrillary acidic protein and glutamine synthetase expression, in the retinas of these cattle at the time of euthanasia due to clinical deterioration. This is the first study to identify both functional and morphologic alterations in the retinas of TSE-infected cattle. Our results support future efforts to focus on the retina for the development of

  4. Structure and dynamics of minke whale surfacing patterns in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredrik Christiansen

    Full Text Available Animal behavioral patterns can help us understand physiological and ecological constraints on animals and its influence on fitness. The surfacing patterns of aquatic air-breathing mammals constitute a behavioral pattern that has evolved as a trade-off between the need to replenish oxygen stores at the surface and the need to conduct other activities underwater. This study aims to better understand the surfacing pattern of a marine top predator, the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata, by investigating how their dive duration and surfacing pattern changes across their activity range. Activities were classified into resting, traveling, surface feeding and foraging at depth. For each activity, we classified dives into short and long dives and then estimated the temporal dependence between dive types. We found that minke whales modified their surfacing pattern in an activity-specific manner, both by changing the expression of their dives (i.e. density distribution and the temporal dependence (transition probability between dive types. As the depth of the prey layer increased between activities, the surfacing pattern of foraging whales became increasingly structured, going from a pattern dominated by long dives, when feeding at the surface, to a pattern where isolated long dives were followed by an increasing number of breaths (i.e. short dives, when the whale was foraging at depth. A similar shift in surfacing pattern occurred when prey handling time (inferred from surface corralling maneuvers increased for surface feeding whales. The surfacing pattern also differed between feeding and non-feeding whales. Resting whales did not structure their surfacing pattern, while traveling whales did, possibly as a way to minimize cost of transport. Our results also suggest that minke whales might balance their oxygen level over multiple, rather than single, dive cycles.

  5. Electrolyte Composition of Mink (Mustela vison Erythrocytes and Active Cation Transporters of the Cell Membrane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clausen TN

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Red blood cells from mink (Mustela vison were characterized with respect to their electrolyte content and their cell membranes with respect to enzymatic activity for cation transport. The intra- and extracellular concentrations of Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca2+ and Mg2+ were determined in erythrocytes and plasma, respectively. Plasma and red cell water content was determined, and molal electrolyte concentrations were calculated. Red cells from male adult mink appeared to be of the low-K+, high-Na+ type as seen in other carnivorous species. The intracellular K+ concentration is slightly higher than the extracellular one and the plasma-to-cell chemical gradient for Na+ is weak, though even the molal concentrations may differ significantly. Consistent with the high intracellular Na+ and low K+ concentrations, a very low or no ouabain-sensitive Na+,K+-ATPase activity and no K+-activated pNPPase activity were found in the plasma membrane fraction from red cells. The Cl- and Mg2+ concentrations expressed per liter cell water were significantly higher in red cells than in plasma whereas the opposite was the case with Ca2+. The distribution of Cl- thus does not seem compatible with an inside-negative membrane potential in mink erythrocytes. In spite of a steep calcium gradient across the red cell membrane, neither a calmodulin-activated Ca2+-ATPase activity nor an ATP-activated Ca2+-pNPPase activity were detectable in the plasma membrane fraction. The origin of a supposed primary Ca2+ gradient for sustaining of osmotic balance thus seems uncertain.

  6. Tee minut kokonaiseksi : minkälaista tukea parisuhdeväkivallan uhriksi joutunut nainen kokee tarvitsevansa?

    OpenAIRE

    Kolehmainen, Rosa

    2014-01-01

    Kolehmainen, Rosa. Tee minut kokonaiseksi – Minkälaista tukea parisuhdeväkivallan uhriksi joutunut nainen kokee tarvitsevansa. 59 sivua, 2 liitettä. Kieli: suomi. Diak Etelä, Kevät 2014. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu. Sosiaalialan koulutusohjelma, sosionomi (AMK). Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena oli selvittää, minkälaista tukea parisuhdeväkivallan uhriksi joutunut nainen kokee tarvitsevansa ja miten väkivaltatyötä uhrien tukemiseksi voitaisiin edelleen kehittää. Lisäksi haluttiin lisätä yht...

  7. A first estimate of the amino acid requirement for milk production of the high-producing female mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fink, R; Tauson, A-H; Chwalibog, André;

    2006-01-01

    to estimate the amino acid requirement of the lactating mink. Twelve dams were held in an intensive care unit and subjected to balance experiments and the kits were injected with deuterium oxide to determine water kinetics and milk yield. Eighteen dams were kept under normal farm conditions but with feed...... costs for glucose production through less amino acids being used in gluconeogenesis. In conclusion, the improved performance of dams fed the LP diet suggested that their requirement of essential amino acids and non-specific N were covered, and the requirement of digestible amino acids of lactating mink...

  8. Levels and patterns of persistent organochlorines in minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) stocks from the North Atlantic and European Arctic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hobbs, K.E.; Muir, D.C.G.; Born, E.W.; Dietz, R.; Haug, T.; Metcalfe, T.; Metcalfe, C.; Oien, N

    2003-02-01

    Minke whales appear to be quite mobile and have multiple feeding areas in the NE Atlantic Ocean. - Regional variation in PCBs and organochlorine (OC) pesticide concentrations was examined using the blubber of 155 minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) sampled in seven regions in the North Atlantic and European Arctic, including western and southeastern Greenland, the Norwegian Sea, the North Sea and the Barents Sea. The levels and relative proportions of OCs were also used to examine the boundaries for North Atlantic minke whale stocks previously defined by the International Whaling Commission (IWC). Concentrations of major OC groups ({sigma}PCB, 89.1-22 800 ng/g lipid; {sigma}DDT, 65.3-6280 ng/g lipid; {sigma}CHL, 33.3-2110 ng/g lipid) generally increased from west to east, while HCH concentrations ({sigma}HCH, <1-497 ng/g lipid) showed the opposite trend. Statistical comparison between six regions using sex-adjusted least squared mean concentrations showed that minke whales from the Barents Sea had significantly higher concentrations of {sigma}PCBs than those from the Vestfjorden/Lofoten, the North Sea, and west Svalbard, as well as significantly higher {sigma}DDT concentrations compared to west Greenland animals. The differences in concentrations suggest that west and southeast Greenland minkes may represent one group of whales, which are distinct from both the Jan Mayen minkes and those from other IWC defined stocks in northern European waters. Principal components analysis using proportions of 71 PCB congeners and 20 OC pesticides (of total OCs) did not reveal any major differences among groups although minkes from the North Sea were distinguished from those from Greenland waters by higher loadings of more highly chlorinated PCBs and recalcitrant OC pesticides. The general similarity in mean levels of {sigma}PCBs, {sigma}DDT and {sigma}CHL, as well as mean principal components analysis scores, among minkes sampled at Jan Mayen, Svalbard, Vestfjorden

  9. Influence of farm, feed-producer and season on incidence of gastrointestinal disorders in Danish farm mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rattenborg, Erik; Chriél, Mariann; Dietz, Hans H.

    1999-01-01

    The distribution of gastrointestinal disorders in mink in Danish farms is presented based on data collected in a longitudinal design. The time at risk was from weaning in June until pelting in November. The occurrence of gastrointestinal disorders after weaning of the mink kits together with the...... distribution within farms was studied. The period of highest risk was in the months immediately after weaning (July and August). More than 17% of the farms recorded GI disorders among greater than or equal to 10% of pairs of animals. A multilevel statistical analysis showed that besides the effect of time...

  10. The welfare of farmed mink should be easy to assess in a correct way and lead to animal welfare improvements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Britt

    reduce the number of measurements needed in the welfare assessment system WelFur-Mink in the different production periods without compromising the validity of the assessment. There seems to be an effect of date of the assessment in the nursing period, which can be handled elegantly if the other two...... periods have the same effect of date of assessment. The study also found that mink farmers are generally positive towards the structural way of working in stable schools and that including a discussion of the WelFur results related to the different farms in a stable school will make the feedback...

  11. Levels and patterns of persistent organochlorines in minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) stocks from the North Atlantic and European Arctic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Minke whales appear to be quite mobile and have multiple feeding areas in the NE Atlantic Ocean. - Regional variation in PCBs and organochlorine (OC) pesticide concentrations was examined using the blubber of 155 minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) sampled in seven regions in the North Atlantic and European Arctic, including western and southeastern Greenland, the Norwegian Sea, the North Sea and the Barents Sea. The levels and relative proportions of OCs were also used to examine the boundaries for North Atlantic minke whale stocks previously defined by the International Whaling Commission (IWC). Concentrations of major OC groups (ΣPCB, 89.1-22 800 ng/g lipid; ΣDDT, 65.3-6280 ng/g lipid; ΣCHL, 33.3-2110 ng/g lipid) generally increased from west to east, while HCH concentrations (ΣHCH, <1-497 ng/g lipid) showed the opposite trend. Statistical comparison between six regions using sex-adjusted least squared mean concentrations showed that minke whales from the Barents Sea had significantly higher concentrations of ΣPCBs than those from the Vestfjorden/Lofoten, the North Sea, and west Svalbard, as well as significantly higher ΣDDT concentrations compared to west Greenland animals. The differences in concentrations suggest that west and southeast Greenland minkes may represent one group of whales, which are distinct from both the Jan Mayen minkes and those from other IWC defined stocks in northern European waters. Principal components analysis using proportions of 71 PCB congeners and 20 OC pesticides (of total OCs) did not reveal any major differences among groups although minkes from the North Sea were distinguished from those from Greenland waters by higher loadings of more highly chlorinated PCBs and recalcitrant OC pesticides. The general similarity in mean levels of ΣPCBs, ΣDDT and ΣCHL, as well as mean principal components analysis scores, among minkes sampled at Jan Mayen, Svalbard, Vestfjorden/Lofoten, the North Sea and the Barents Sea suggests

  12. Assessment of the aerobic faecal microflora in mink (Mustela vison Schreiber) with emphasis on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus intermedius

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vulfson, L.; Pedersen, Karl; Chriél, Mariann;

    2003-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to investigate the culturable aerobic faecal microflora of mink from newborn until adulthood with emphasis on the potential pathogens Escherichia coli and beta-haemolytic coagulase positive staphylococci. Rectal swabs were taken from 10 healthy dams and their offs......The present study was undertaken to investigate the culturable aerobic faecal microflora of mink from newborn until adulthood with emphasis on the potential pathogens Escherichia coli and beta-haemolytic coagulase positive staphylococci. Rectal swabs were taken from 10 healthy dams...

  13. Testing the WelFur assessment protocol for mink on-farm in three seasons of production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Steen Henrik; Hansen, Steffen W

    2011-01-01

    Welfare Quality® seems to develop into a standard for farm animal welfare assessment and European Fur Breeders’ Association initiated the “WelFur” project in 2009 in order to develop a welfare assessment protocol for mink and fox farms after the WQ standards. The assessment is based on four...... results shows that the WelFur protocol is feasible for a one-day visit and sensible enough to discriminate between farms in the same category. A stratified sample of 120 cages seems to be sufficient. It is concluded that it is possible to assess the welfare in mink using the principles developed in...

  14. Removal of American mink increases the success of simulated nests in linear habitat

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Padyšáková, E.; Šálek, Martin; Poledník, L.; Sedláček, František; Albrecht, Tomáš

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 36, č. 3 (2009), s. 225-230. ISSN 1035-3712 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06073 Grant ostatní: GA MŽP(CZ) SE/620/1/03; GA MŽP(CZ) SP/2D3/60/08 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520; CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : mink * nest predation * introduction * allien species Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 1.222, year: 2009

  15. Minke whale song, spacing, and acoustic communication on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gedamke, Jason

    An inquisitive population of minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata ) that concentrates on the Great Barrier Reef during its suspected breeding season offered a unique opportunity to conduct a multi-faceted study of a little-known Balaenopteran species' acoustic behavior. Chapter one investigates whether the minke whale is the source of an unusual, complex, and stereotyped sound recorded, the "star-wars" vocalization. A hydrophone array was towed from a vessel to record sounds from circling whales for subsequent localization of sound sources. These acoustic locations were matched with shipboard and in-water observations of the minke whale, demonstrating the minke whale was the source of this unusual sound. Spectral and temporal features of this sound and the source levels at which it is produced are described. The repetitive "star-wars" vocalization appears similar to the songs of other whale species and has characteristics consistent with reproductive advertisement displays. Chapter two investigates whether song (i.e. the "star-wars" vocalization) has a spacing function through passive monitoring of singer spatial patterns with a moored five-sonobuoy array. Active song playback experiments to singers were also conducted to further test song function. This study demonstrated that singers naturally maintain spatial separations between them through a nearest-neighbor analysis and animated tracks of singer movements. In response to active song playbacks, singers generally moved away and repeated song more quickly suggesting that song repetition interval may help regulate spatial interaction and singer separation. These results further indicate the Great Barrier Reef may be an important reproductive habitat for this species. Chapter three investigates whether song is part of a potentially graded repertoire of acoustic signals. Utilizing both vessel-based recordings and remote recordings from the sonobuoy array, temporal and spectral features, source levels, and

  16. Nursing sickness in lactating mink (Mustela vison). I. Epidemiological and pathological observations.

    OpenAIRE

    Clausen, T N; Olesen, C R; Hansen, O.; Wamberg, S

    1992-01-01

    In a retrospective survey, the epidemiological characteristics of nursing sickness in Standard Black and Pastel mink (Mustela vison) were examined in a Danish fur research farm. Based on the clinical diagnosis of the disease, the overall morbidity in a total of 1774 lactating females amounted to 14.4% and the case fatality rate to 7.8%. Apparently healthy females weaned an average of 5.0 kits per litter, while dams suffering from nursing sickness raised and weaned an average of 5.4 kits per l...

  17. Dimensionering af varme- og ventilationsanlæg til stalde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, J.

    Fra tid til anden har der været rejst kritik af de dimensioneringsregler vedrørende varme- og ventilationsanlæg i staldbygninger, som er udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut. En af årsagerne hertil er måske, at der fra instituttets side ikke er gjort tilstrækkelig godt rede for, på hvilk...

  18. Fra form-Z til AutoCad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    2003-01-01

    Dette kursus er lavet for at forberede de studerende til deres tegnestuepraktik, og dets indhold er planlagt i samarbejde med tegnestuerne. I 2003 var form-Z Arkitektskolens grundlæggende CAD-program; men på tegnestuerne arbejde man med AutoCad. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min...

  19. Kommentarer til love og ændringer af love

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møgelvang-Hansen, Peter

    2002-01-01

    folkeoplysende foreningsarbejde og Folkeuniversitetet (folkeoplysningsloven) og ophævelse af lov om daghøjskoler m.v. og lov om den fri ungdomduddannelse samt ændring af lov om refusion af udgifter til uddannelse i forbindelse med aktivering m.m. samt ændring af forskellige love (Reform for daghøjskolerne...

  20. Bikeability - input til fremtidens cykelplanlægning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Simon; Skov-Petersen, Hans; Troelsen, Jens;

    2014-01-01

    Den 29. januar 2014 blev der sat punktum for forskningsprojektet Bikeability, som i fire år har undersøgt, hvordan vi kan få danskerne til at cykle mere og længere. Forskningsprojektet blev afsluttet med en konference på Christiansborg, hvor 230 forskere, politikere og kommunale trafikplanlæggere...

  1. Fra kulturens opvækst til osten bliver moden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siegumfeldt, Henrik; Kilstrup, Mogens; Jakobsen, Mogens

    friskt opformerede kulturer på mejeriet giver det bedste modningsforløb; men der mangler basal viden om, hvordan man sikrer optimale og reproducerbare opformeringstrin på mejeriet. Projektet vil give ny viden om forhold, der giver en god syrning og som samtidigt kan føre til en tilfredsstillende modning...

  2. Ti millioner fra forskningsråd til drivhusgasarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Christian

    2011-01-01

    Seniorforsker Lise Lotte Sørensen, Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus Universitet, har fået støtte fra Det Strategiske Forskningsråd til at undersøge udvekslingen af drivhusgasser mellem atmosfæren og landjord og havområder....

  3. Skærpede krav til nybyggeriet 2010 og fremover

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aggerholm, Søren

    Det er muligt at opføre boliger og andre bygninger som lavenergibyggeri klasse 2 og 1 baseret på optimerede udgaver af allerede kendte og anvendte bygge- og installationsløsninger. Analyserne i rapporten har alene til formål at vurdere den privatøkonomiske rentabilitet for bygningsejere ved stram...

  4. Brug af forskningsbaseret viden til kvalitetsudvikling i dagtilbud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næsby, Torben

    2013-01-01

    Med LP-modellen som eksempel vises hvordan forskningsbaseret viden kan anvendes til kvalitetsudvikling. Ikke organiseret som top-styrede projekter, heller ikke som ”Bottom-up”-styrede, men som kombination af disse. Med eksempler fra den forskningsbaserede viden fra empirien, der er indsamlet i LP...

  5. En guide til gyset. Horror: The Film Reader

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft-Nielsen, Claus

    Der er gennem tiden skrevet og teoretiseret vidt og bredt om, hvad horrorgenren er for en størrelse – og det med skiftende held. Antologien Horror: The Film Reader forsøger at levere en både bred og dybdegående introduktion til det mudrede genrefelt, som horror er. Det lykkedes langt hen af vejen....

  6. Didaktisk design af IKT og medier til fysioterapeutuddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kim

    2012-01-01

    Dansk resumé Pædagogisk/didaktisk udgangspunkt for undervisningspraksis i fysioterapeut-uddannelsen er at undervisning, erkendelse og læring af såvel teori som praksis sker ud fra anvendelse, praksis, den fysiske verden, vores krop, erfaringer og sanser. I modsætning til den angelsaksiske videnop...

  7. Live Speed Analysis, en app til hastighedsmålinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolet, Lars; Christensen, Peter Muhlig; Halskov-Sørensen, Asbjørn;

    2013-01-01

    I et bachelorprojekt har tre studerende udviklet en app, som kan registrere og behandle hastigheder ved den såkaldte spejlmetode. App'en er siden videreudviklet, så registreringerne stedfæstes, tidstemples og uploades til en fæIIes database. App'en er frit tilgængelig. Den kan bruges af vejforval...

  8. Komponentudvikling til el-effektiv behovsstyret hybrid ventilation i boliger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiselberg, Per; Hendriksen, Ole Juhl; Antvorskov, Signe

    Denne rapport udgør 1. milepæl i formidlingen af projektet "Komponentudvikling til eleffektiv behovsstyret hybrid ventilation i boliger", der er finansieret af ELFOR via PSOstøtteordningen (Journal nr. 464-03, Projekt nr.336-035). Rapporten sammenfatter baggrundsundersøgelser af national og...

  9. Forbrugerholdninger til enzymer i fødevarer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Helle Alsted; Jørgensen, Betina

    2006-01-01

    Forbrugerundersøgelser viser, at når forbrugerne selv oplever en forbedret kvalitet i fødevarerne ved hjælp af enzymteknologi, tilsidesættes de mere generelle holdninger. Forbrugerne udvikler altså mere positive holdninger til enzymteknologi på baggrund af deres oplevelser - og det gælder også fo...

  10. Temadag om registrering/katalogisering til Web-katalogen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hanne Hørl; Hammershøi, Lene

    2002-01-01

    Referat fra temadag om registrering/katalogisering til Web-katalogen afholdt af DFs Interessekreds for Registrering på RUC d. 13.marts 2002. Oplægsholdere fra Danmark og England gav deres bud på status og udviklingstendenser for arbejdet med at skabe og forbedre web-baserede bibliotekskataloger...

  11. EDTA og jod påvirker adhesjonsegenskapene til rotfyllingsmaterialer

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    EDTA og jod-jodkalium kan svekke bindingen mellom metakrylatbaserte rotfyllingsmaterialer og dentin under forhold som beskrives i denne studien. Bruk av jod-jodkalium øker bindingstyrken til epoksybaserte sealere. Det er problematisk å sammenlikne adhesjonskrefter fra studier med ulike metoder og med variasjoner i den praktiske utførelsen.

  12. Feedback viser vejen til læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldahl, Kirsten Kofod

    Feedback viser vejen til læring Dette vejledningshæfte hører tæt sammen med fire feedbackplakater (Dafolo 2014). Hæftet giver konkrete forslag til brugen af feedbackplakaterne i klasserummet og i teamsamarbejdet. Den giver en grundig indføring i John Hattie og Helen Timperleys feedbackmodel og de...... tre feedbackspørgsmål, som er rygraden i en god feedbackkultur. God feedback gives bedst på baggrund af gode læringsmål med klare succeskriterier. Derfor giver hæftet undervejs konkrete eksempler på, hvordan læringsmål og succeskriterier kan formuleres på flere niveauer. Her inddrages også forskellige...... • at styrke børnenes motivation for læring • at inddrage børnene og give dem medansvar i deres læreproces • at styrke tilliden til og respekten for folkeskolen gennem evidensbaseret undervisning. Feedback hjælper os til læring, og med feedbackplakaterne og dette vejledningshæfte er du og børnene godt...

  13. Mobilapplikationers potentiale til understøttelse af specialeprocessen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholai Friis Pedersen

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Med afsæt i en case om udviklingen af en mobilapplikation til at understøtte specialestuderendes proces argumenterer artiklens forfattere for, at der eksisterer et stort og uudnyttet potentiale i forhold til at udvikle læringsunderstøttende apps til smartphones, ikke mindst når det gælder læreprocesser, der foregår uden for skemalagte undervisningsforløb på universitetsuddannelserne, såsom specialeforløbet. En gennemgang af den pædagogiske litteratur om specialeprocessen skaber grundlag for at vie begreberne personalisering og motivation særlig opmærksomhed i forhold til specialeapp-casen. Central to this article is the case of developing a mobile application to support the process of writing a Master’s thesis. The authors argue for the existence of a large and unexploited potential in respect to developing academic learning apps for smartphones, especially apps supporting learning processes that do not take place within scheduled university courses, such as the process of writing the Master’s thesis. A review of the pedagogical literature on this process serves as the basis for bestowing special attention to the concepts of customization and motivation in the case of the Master’s thesis app.

  14. 5 hurtige til Hugo Alrøe

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Peter Norholm; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted

    2013-01-01

    Interview til Magasinet økologisk om forskningsprojektet MultiTrust på baggrund af tre populære foredrag på Folkeuniversitetet i Århus med titlen "Hvordan kan vi vide, om økologi er godt?" I alt deltog over 1800 personer i foredragene.

  15. Indledning til Maple for Lineær Algebra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sinclair, Robert

    1999-01-01

    Denne rapport er en undersoegelse af hvordan og hvor vidt Maplesindbyggede kommandoer passer til Jens Eisings bog "Lineaer Algebra" (1997).Maalet er at beskrive, hvordan man bedst kan brugeMaple V Release 5.1i kurset,i viden om mulige problemer, saa man kan undgaa faelder,og svare paa studerendes...

  16. Brugbarhedsevaluering af LyngsoeMobil - En applikation til hjemmeplejen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Janne Jul

    Denne rapport indeholder resultaterne af en brugbarhedsevaluering af LyngsoeMobil, Lyngsoe System A/S’ applikation til hjemmeplejen. Evalueringen er gennemført i maj 2006. LyngsoeMobil er en elektronisk afløser til de eksisterende papirbaserede kørelister som anvendes i mange hjemmeplejer i dag....... LyngsoeMobil understøtter de eksisterende arbejdsgange i de papirbaserede kørelister, foruden en del ekstra funktionalitet, såsom online adgang til en borgers journal, mulighed for at følge kollegers kørelister og adgang til større mængder af information som ellers kun har været tilgængelig ude hos...... blev deltagerne bedt om at udfylde et spørgeskema om demografisk profil og IT-erfaring. Ud fra testen og spørgeskemaerne er der identificeret en række styrker og svagheder ved LyngsoeMobil. Følgende områder af LyngsoeMobil fungerer tilfredsstillende eller godt: • Journal-delen, både hvad angår at...

  17. Tilflyttere til nybyggeri i Køge Kommune

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haagerup, Christian Deichmann; Ærø, Thorkild

    I rapporten er udviklet metoder og redskaber, som den kommunale planlægning kan benytte i håndteringen af demografi ske og kommunaløkonomiske udfordringer i fremtiden. Rapporten belyser, ved hjælp af spørgeskemaundersøgelse og fokusgruppeinterviews, tilflytterne til nybyggeri i Køge Kommune samt ...

  18. Om brugen af Big Data til at identificere middelalderfragmenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Jakob Povl

    2015-01-01

    Søgemaskiner på internettet kan i dag anvendes til at afkode vanskeligt læsbare fragmenter fra middelalderen. Således åbnes der op for en ny verden inden for eksempelvis den digitale humaniora - the Digital Humanities....

  19. Alien Mink Predation and Colonisation Processes of Rodent Prey on Small Islands of the Baltic Sea: Does Prey Naïveté Matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkki Korpimäki

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Colonisation, an important part of meta-population dynamics of fragmented populations, depends on both the dispersal ability and the ability to establish in the new habitat. Predation can hinder successful establishment of prey, and where the predation pressure comes from an alien predator, the effects on colonisation might be devastating. We studied the establishment of field voles (Microtus agrestis inhabiting small islands of the archipelago of the Baltic Sea, SW Finland, under presence and absence of the alien American mink (Mustela vison. We translocated “experienced” voles from islands with mink, and “inexperienced” voles from islands from which mink had been removed, to other islands where mink was present or absent. By radio-tracking we studied survival, space and microhabitat use of voles within four weeks after translocation. Survival of voles on mink islands was significantly lower than on mink-free islands, but “experienced” voles did not survive better than “inexperienced” voles. “Experienced” voles were more often located in juniper habitats than “inexperienced” voles, but they appeared not to gain any survival benefit from altered microhabitat use. This study provides novel evidence, that alien mink predation inhibits establishment of colonising field voles and may thus ultimately induce extinction of voles from the outer archipelago.

  20. [Bioactive Effect of the Preparation Biostyl on the Reproductive Function of Different Genotypes of American Mink].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trapezov, O V; Zemljanitskajia, E I; Rasputina, O V; Naumkin, I V; Trapezova, L I

    2016-01-01

    The different role of coat color mutations in the American mink on the per os effect of the biologically active preparation Biostyl was shown. The number of kits per female was the same in all control genotypes, including Standard (+/+ +/+), sapphire (a/a p/p), and lavender (a/a m/m): 4.4 ± 0.4, 4.4 ± 0.5, and 4.3 ± 0.5, respectively. Experimental groups of these genotypes have shown a great contrast among each other: stimulation of the reproductive function was 5.2 ± 0.3 in Standard minks, while suppression of the reproductive function was 3.8 ± 0.6, and 2.3 ± 0.5 in the double recessive mutants sapphire and lavender, respectively. The differentiation in body mass between experimental and control newborn Standard kits was not revealed. A significant decrease in the body mass of newborn experimental sapphire kits as compared to control group in a sex-specific manner was registered. PMID:27183801

  1. Feeding Supplemental Iodine to Adult Mink;Effect on Thyroid Hormones in Adult and offspring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RossE.Jones; RichardJ.Aulerich; 等

    1993-01-01

    We fed adult mink diets containing supplemental iodine,from o 50 320ppm,for one or seven months prior to breeding.Bllod samples collected from the adults and their offspring(kits)at 4wk post-partum were assayed for total thyroxine(T4),triiodothyronine(T3),reverse T3(rT3),and T4-binding indices.As expected T4 concentrations of the adult and kit mink varied inversely with the level of supplemental iodine.In addition,T3 and r T3 concentrations decreased gradually in kits from the long-term experiment in response to the increased dietary iodine of the dams.T3 concentrations of kits from dams fed iodine short-term decreased markedly while r T3 concentrations were elevated greatly in response to increased dietary iodine of the dam.These decreases in hormone levels are due to serum odine blocking the thyroid uptake of iodine and subsequent decrease of hormone synthesis,Excess iodine may also block the effect of thyroid stimulating hormone.The T4-binding indices of the adults,in general,were depressed,while the T4-binding indices of the kits were more variable.These effects are probably due to fluctuations in thyroglobulin.

  2. The effects of climbing cages on behaviour of female mink during the lactation period

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lidfors, L.; Axelsson, H.; Loberg, J.;

    2012-01-01

    The aim was to investigate if there were differences in behaviour of female mink when kept in a climbing cage compared with a standard cage during the lactation period. The study was carried out on 90 mink of the colour type "black cross". Females were housed in either climbing cages (4.350 cm², n......=46) or standard cages (2.550 cm², n=44). Behavioural observations were made four weeks before birth until kits were nine weeks old with one-zero sampling during two hours before feeding. During week 1-4 after females had given birth they were mostly recorded in the nest box and there were no...... differences between cage types. Week 5-8 after giving birth females in climbing cages were less in the nest box, less active out in the cage and had fewer abnormal behaviours, but were on the platforms and more inactive out in the cage. In the bottom cage females were more often walking, grooming and inactive...

  3. Investigation and Observation of Danish Mink Farm%丹麦水貂养殖业考察见闻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任二军; 刘进军; 刘洁; 李亚青

    2012-01-01

    通过对丹麦哥本哈根毛皮中心、哥本哈根诊断实验室、水貂农场、饲料厨房的考察,以及哥本哈根毛皮中心、丹麦毛皮动物养殖协会、农场主及饲料厨房管理人员对丹麦水貂养殖和管理情况的介绍,对丹麦水貂养殖业有了更深一步的认识,丹麦先进的水貂养殖与管理经验,对我国迅速发展的水貂养殖业具有借鉴意义。%According to the introduction of Danish mink farm feeding and management, and the investiga- tion of Kopenhagen Fur, Kopenhagen Diagnostics, Mink Farm and Feed kitchen, their feeding and breed- ing for mink were further understood. The advanced technology and modem management experience of Danmark farm will supply benefits for mink farm in China to grow rapidly.

  4. A large insertion in intron 2 of the TYRP1 gene associated with American Palomino phenotype in American mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cirera Salicio, Susanna; Markakis, Marios Nektarios; Kristiansen, Thea;

    2016-01-01

    A number of American mink phenotypes display a range of brownish colours. One of these phenotypes, namely American Palomino (b (P) b (P) ) (AP) has been found to be associated with the tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1) gene by genotyping microsatellite markers in one sire family. Trials for...

  5. An extended anchored linkage map and virtual mapping for the american mink genome based on homology to human and dog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Ansari, S.; Farid, A.; Karlskov-Mortensen, Peter; Christensen, Knud Arnbjerg

    2009-01-01

    In this report we present an extended linkage map of the American mink (Neovison vison) consisting of 157 microsatellite markers and comprising at least one linkage group for each of the autosomes. Each linkage group has been assigned to a chromosome and oriented by fluorescence in situ hybridiza...

  6. Outbreaks of Influenza A Virus in Farmed Mink (Neovison vison) in Denmark: Molecular characterization of the involved viruses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Erik; Breum, Solvej Østergaard; Trebbien, Ramona; Bradstad, Karolina; Nielsen, Lars Peter; Chriél, Mariann; Jensen, Trine Hammer; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Handberg, Kurt; Jørgensen, Poul Henrik; Harslund, Jakob le Fèvre; Rangstrup-Christensen, Lena; Pedersen, Bjarne; Hammer, Anne Sofie

    or was circulating in Danish pigs. In 2010 and 2011, influenza virus was again diagnosed in diseased mink in a few farms. The genetic typing showed that the virus was similar to the pandemic H1N1 virus circulating in humans and swine. The H3N2 virus was not detected in 2010 and 2011. Taken together...

  7. Aging influences steroid hormone release by mink ovaries and their response to leptin and IGF-I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander V. Sirotkin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our study was to understand whether ovarian steroid hormones, and their response to the metabolic hormones leptin and IGF-I leptin, could be involved in the control of mink reproductive aging via changes in basal release of ovarian progesterone and estradiol. For this purpose, we compared the release of progesterone and estradiol by ovarian fragments isolated from young (yearlings and old (3-5 years of age minks cultured with and without leptin and IGF-I (0, 1, 10 or 100 ng/ml. We observed that isolated ovaries of older animals produced less progesterone but not less estradiol than the ovaries of young animals. Leptin addition stimulated estradiol release by the ovarian tissue of young animals but inhibited it in older females. Leptin did not influence progesterone output by the ovaries of either young or older animals. IGF-I inhibited estradiol output in young but not old animals, whereas progesterone release was inhibited by IGF-I irrespective of the animal age. Our observations demonstrate the involvement of both leptin and IGF-I in the control of mink ovarian steroid hormones release. Furthermore, our findings suggest that reproductive aging in minks can be due to (a reduction in basal progesterone release and (b alterations in the response of estradiol but not of progesterone to leptin and IGF-I.

  8. Assessment of the aerobic faecal microflora in mink (Mustela vison Schreiber) with emphasis on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus intermedius

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vulfson, L.; Pedersen, Karl; Chriél, Mariann; Andersen, T. H.; Dietz, H.H.

    2003-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to investigate the culturable aerobic faecal microflora of mink from newborn until adulthood with emphasis on the potential pathogens Escherichia coli and beta-haemolytic coagulase positive staphylococci. Rectal swabs were taken from 10 healthy dams and their...

  9. Severity of Expert-Identified Behavioural Responses of Humpback Whale, Minke Whale, and Northern Bottlenose Whale to Naval Sonar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sivle, L.D.; Kvadsheim, P.H.; Cure, C.; Isojunno, S.; Wensveen, P.J.; Lam, F.P.A.; Visser, F.; Kleivane, L.; Tyack, P.L.; Harris, C.M.; Miller, P.J.O.

    2015-01-01

    Controlled exposure experiments using 1 to2 kHz sonar signals were conducted with 11 humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae), one minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), and one northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus) during three field trials from 2011 to 2013. Ship approaches without

  10. Anticipatory activity and stereotypical behaviour in American mink (Mustela vison) in three housing systems differing in the amount of enrichments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vinke, C.M.; Bos, van den R.; Spruijt, B.M.

    2004-01-01

    The present study aimed to measure anticipatory activity in farmed mink (Mustela vison) to study the effects of the presence of environmental enrichments in three housing systems differing in cage structure and in the amount of enrichments. In studies on laboratory rats, anticipatory activity is use

  11. Subcellular localization of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus proteins and DNA during permissive infection of Crandell feline kidney cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oleksiewicz, M.B.; Costello, F.; Huhtanen, M.;

    1996-01-01

    Confocal microscopy allowed us to localize viral nonstructural (NS) and capsid (VP) proteins and DNA simultaneously in cells permissively infected with Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV). Early after infection, NS proteins colocalized with viral DNA to form intranuclear inclusions, whereas VP...

  12. Effect of dietary protein levels on growth performance, mortality rate and clinical blood parameters in mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, B.M.; Clausen, T.N.; Dietz, Hans Henrik

    1998-01-01

    Effects of dietary protein levels ranging from 35% to 15% of metabolizable energy (ME) and dietary fat levels ranging in a reciprocal fashion from 47% to 67% of ME, and a constant dietary carbohydrate level of 18% of ME were investigated in male mink kits in the growing-furring period. Growth per...

  13. Validation of an automated ELISA system for detection of antibodies to Aleutian mink disease virus using blood samples collected in filter paper strips

    OpenAIRE

    Knuuttila, Anna; Aronen, Pirjo; Eerola, Majvor; Gardner, Ian A; Virtala, Anna-Maija K; Vapalahti, Olli

    2014-01-01

    Background Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) is the cause of a chronic immune complex disease, Aleutian disease (AD), which is common in mink-producing countries. In 2005, implementation of an AMDV eradication programme in Finland created a need for an automated high-throughput assay. The aim of this study was to validate an AMDV-VP2 -recombinant antigen ELISA, which we developed earlier, in an automated assay format for the detection of anti-AMDV antibodies in mink blood and to determine th...

  14. Coronavirus infection in mink (Mustela vison). Serological evidence of infection with a coronavirus related to transmissible gastroenteritis virus and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Have, P; Moving, V; Svansson, V;

    1992-01-01

    Antibodies to a transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)-related coronavirus have been demonstrated in mink sera by indirect immunofluorescence, peroxidase-linked antibody assays and immunoblotting. This is the first serological evidence of a specific coronavirus infection in mink. The putative......-reacted with N and M polypeptides of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). Thus MCV may occupy an intermediate position between the TGEV group of coronaviruses and PEDV. The possibility that MCV may be associated with syndromes of acute enteritis in preweaning mink is discussed....

  15. Mink aging is associated with a reduction in ovarian hormone release and the response to FSH and ghrelin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirotkin, Alexander V; Mertin, Dušan; Süvegová, Karina; Lauričik, Jozef; Morovič, Martin; Harrath, Abdel Halim; Kotwica, Jan

    2016-09-15

    The endocrine mechanisms of mink ovarian hormones release and reproductive aging are poorly investigated. The aims of our study were to: (1) identify hormones produced by mink ovaries (the steroids progesterone [P] and estradiol [E], the peptide hormone oxytocin [OT], and the prostaglandin F [PGF] and prostaglandin E [PGE]); (2) examine the effect of FSH and ghrelin on the release of the hormones listed previously; and (3) understand whether these hormones can be involved in the control of mink reproductive aging, i.e., whether aging can be associated with changes (a) in the basal release of P, E, OT, PGF, or PGE and (b) their response to FSH and ghrelin. Fragments of ovaries of young (yearlings) and old (3-5 years of age) minks were cultured with and without FSH and ghrelin (0, 1, 10, or 100 ng/mL), and the release of hormones was analyzed by EIA/RIA. We found that isolated ovaries were able to release P, E, OT, PGF, and PGE, and the levels of P produced in the ovaries of old animals were lower than those produced in the ovaries of young animals, whereas the levels of other hormones did not differ. FSH was able to stimulate P and E and suppress OT and PGF and did not affect PGE release. Aging was associated with the inhibition of the effect of FSH on ovarian P and E, the appearance of the inhibitory action of FSH on OT, and the disappearance of this action on ovarian PGF. PGE was not affected by FSH, irrespective of animal age. Ghrelin was able to promote E (but not P) and suppress OT, PGF, and PGE output. Aging was associated with the appearance of an inhibitory influence of ghrelin on ovarian OT and PGE and with the disappearance of this influence on PGF output. Aging did not affect the action of ghrelin on ovarian P and E. Our observations (1) confirm the production of P and E and show that OT, PGF, and PGE are released from mink ovaries, (2) confirm the involvement of FSH and demonstrate the involvement of ghrelin in the control of mink ovarian hormone

  16. Organization of the sleep-related neural systems in the brain of the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell, Leigh-Anne; Karlsson, Karl Ae; Patzke, Nina; Spocter, Muhammad A; Siegel, Jerome M; Manger, Paul R

    2016-07-01

    The current study analyzed the nuclear organization of the neural systems related to the control and regulation of sleep and wake in the basal forebrain, diencephalon, midbrain, and pons of the minke whale, a mysticete cetacean. While odontocete cetaceans sleep in an unusual manner, with unihemispheric slow wave sleep (USWS) and suppressed REM sleep, it is unclear whether the mysticete whales show a similar sleep pattern. Previously, we detailed a range of features in the odontocete brain that appear to be related to odontocete-type sleep, and here present our analysis of these features in the minke whale brain. All neural elements involved in sleep regulation and control found in bihemispheric sleeping mammals and the harbor porpoise were present in the minke whale, with no specific nuclei being absent, and no novel nuclei being present. This qualitative similarity relates to the cholinergic, noradrenergic, serotonergic and orexinergic systems, and the GABAergic elements of these nuclei. Quantitative analysis revealed that the numbers of pontine cholinergic (274,242) and noradrenergic (203,686) neurons, and hypothalamic orexinergic neurons (277,604), are markedly higher than other large-brained bihemispheric sleeping mammals. Small telencephalic commissures (anterior, corpus callosum, and hippocampal), an enlarged posterior commissure, supernumerary pontine cholinergic and noradrenergic cells, and an enlarged peripheral division of the dorsal raphe nuclear complex of the minke whale, all indicate that the suite of neural characteristics thought to be involved in the control of USWS and the suppression of REM in the odontocete cetaceans are present in the minke whale. J. Comp. Neurol. 524:2018-2035, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26588800

  17. Benefits of a ball and chain: simple environmental enrichments improve welfare and reproductive success in farmed American mink (Neovison vison.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca K Meagher

    Full Text Available Can simple enrichments enhance caged mink welfare? Pilot data from 756 sub-adults spanning three colour-types (strains identified potentially practical enrichments, and suggested beneficial effects on temperament and fur-chewing. Our main experiment started with 2032 Black mink on three farms: from each of 508 families, one juvenile male-female pair was enriched (E with two balls and a hanging plastic chain or length of hose, while a second pair was left as a non-enriched (NE control. At 8 months, more than half the subjects were killed for pelts, and 302 new females were recruited (half enriched: 'late E'. Several signs of improved welfare or productivity emerged. Access to enrichment increased play in juveniles. E mink were calmer (less aggressive in temperament tests; quieter when handled; less fearful, if male, and less likely to fur-chew, although other stereotypic behaviours were not reduced. On one farm, E females had lower cortisol (inferred from faecal metabolites. E males tended to copulate for longer. E females also weaned more offspring: about 10% more juveniles per E female, primarily caused by reduced rates of barrenness ('late E' females also giving birth to bigger litters on one farm, effects that our data cautiously suggest were partly mediated by reduced inactivity and changes in temperament. Pelt quality seemed unaffected, but E animals had cleaner cages. In a subsidiary side-study using 368 mink of a second colour-type ('Demis', similar temperament effects emerged, and while E did not reduce fur-chewing or improve reproductive success in this colour-type, E animals were judged to have better pelts. Overall, simple enrichments were thus beneficial. These findings should encourage welfare improvements on fur farms (which house 60-70 million mink p.a. and in breeding centres where endangered mustelids (e.g. black-footed ferrets often reproduce poorly. They should also stimulate future research into more effective practical

  18. Effects of different dietary manganese levels on growth performance and N balance of growing mink (Neovision vision).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H H; Zhou, N; Zhang, T T; Bao, K; Xu, C; Song, X C; Li, G Y

    2014-08-01

    Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of dietary manganese levels on growth performance, nutrients digestibility, and N balance of minks during growing period. In experiment 1, 75 healthy male minks (60 days old) were selected and randomly divided into five groups with different types of diet. The diet was supplemented with 0 (control), 50, 100, 300, and 600 ppm of manganese as MnSO4 of dry matter (DM) in basic diet, respectively. From early July to middle September, the results showed that the final body weights of minks were significantly affected by diets (P nutrient digestion and N-balance tests which lasted for 4 days for the collection of the feces and urine, and the diets and treatment codes were same as in experiment 1. The results showed that no significant differences were found in DM, crude protein (CP), and crude carbohydrate (CC) digestibility among all groups (P > 0.05), but ether extract (EE) and gross energy (GE) digestibility were all the highest in the 300-ppm group. N intake and fecal N were similar among all groups (P > 0.05). Urinary N was lower in the 300-ppm group; in contrast, N retention was higher in this group (P improve the growth performance and increase the EE and GE digestibility of mink during the growing period and moreover reduce the nitrogen emissions to the environment, and the optimal total manganese level in mink's diet was 409.16 in DM during the growing period. PMID:24958021

  19. Aleutian mink disease virus in free-ranging mustelids in Finland - a cross-sectional epidemiological and phylogenetic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuuttila, A; Aaltonen, K; Virtala, A-M K; Henttonen, H; Isomursu, M; Leimann, A; Maran, T; Saarma, U; Timonen, P; Vapalahti, O; Sironen, T

    2015-06-01

    Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) can cause severe immune-complex-mediated disease in American mink. AMDV has also been detected in several other mustelid species with potential negative impact on their health and population. A molecular and cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted to obtain data on the prevalence, distribution, transmission and diversity of AMDV strains in Finnish free-ranging mustelids and risk factors associated with infection. The presence of anti-AMDV antibodies and/or AMDV DNA was tested from 308 samples representing eight mustelid species and 17 administrative regions. Positive samples were detected across Finland, and in 54 % (31/57) of feral American mink, 27 % (7/26) of European badgers and 7 % (1/14) of European polecats. Samples from Eurasian otters, European pine martens, least weasels, stoat and wolverine were negative. Major risk factors for infection were the species American mink with 335 and badger with 74 times higher odds than other species, and the years 2006-2009 with five times higher odds than the years 2010-2014. No clustering according to species, geographical origin or year was evident in phylogeny, except for four divergent sequences from Estonian badgers that formed a separate phylogroup distinct from other AMDV strains. This study showed that AMDV was prevalent in certain species of Finnish free-ranging mustelids and widely distributed across Finland. Furthermore, the free-ranging mustelids carried both strains similar to those found in farmed mink, but also distinct strains that may represent novel amdoparvoviruses. PMID:25667324

  20. Diurnal activity of the American Mink (Neovison vison in Central Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo García

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The American mink (Neovison vison is an invasive species in Spain and its population ecology is poorly understood. Diurnal activity was studied in a population of central Spain by means of direct observations. This activity peaked in summer and winter, mink being more active just after daybreak (06:00-08:00 and before dawn (16:00-18:00. Foraging (50% of observations; N = 146 and travelling (38.2%, were the main activities recorded during daylight. Mink were recorded as either in water or on land. In the latter, their distance from the water edge never exceeded 5.5 m. This pattern of daylight activity could be a mechanism for reducing potential interactions with nocturnal mammals sharing the same habitats. The success of culling campaigns could be increased by extending trapping sessions to daylight hours. Riassunto Attività diurna del visone americano (Neovison visonM nella Spagna centrale. L’ecologia dell’alloctono visone americano in Spagna è tuttora poco nota. Tramite osservazione diretta, è stata indagata l’incidenza della attività diurna in una popolazione della Spagna centrale. Tale attività è risultata più frequente in estate ed inverno, quando i visoni sono attivi nelle prime ore del giorno (06:00-08:00 e prima del tramonto (16:00-18:00. Le attività registrate più frequentemente sono state il foraggiamento (50% delle osservazioni, N = 146 e gli spostamenti (travelling, 38,2%. I visoni sono stati osservati indistintamente sia in acqua che a terra; in quest’ultimo caso la distanza dalla riva non è mai stata superiore a 5,5 m. Si ipotizza che l’attività diurna potrebbe essere un meccanismo per ridurre le interazioni con mammiferi prevalentemente notturni legati ai medesimi ambienti. In base ai risultati ottenuti, si suggerisce che il successo delle operazioni di controllo della specie potrebbe essere incrementato estendendo il

  1. PUMA Pædagogisk udredningsmateriale til AKT - og specialundervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, René

    2011-01-01

    PUMA er et nyudviklet pædagogisk udredningsmateriale bestående af en bog samt en cd med 35 opgaver, modeller og skemaer til udskrivning på skolelicensvilkår. Materialet arbejder ud fra anerkendte teorier som systemisk konstruktionisme, selvpsykologi, samt kognitive teorier om hukommelse, analyse og...... lignende. Der kan downloades en flyer, samt supplerende materiale fra www.rkris.dk/PUMA...

  2. Skapande Logos : en introduktion til Rudolf Steiners kristologi

    OpenAIRE

    Sandström, Henning E.

    2007-01-01

    Rudolf Steiner, 1861-1925, var aktiv innen flere forskjellige virksomheter, pedagogikk, religion, økonomi, eurytmi etc., og er fremst kjent som grunnlegger av antroposofien. I motsetning til teosofien ser Steiner og antroposofien Kristus-skikkelsen som sentral for menneskeheten og verdensutviklingen. For Steiner er det ikke noen motsetning mellom antroposofi og kristendom, men hans kristendomsforståelse skiller seg på flere vesentlige punkter fra den tradisjonelle teologien. Han setter ikke r...

  3. Wildlife Reservoirs of Canine Distemper Virus Resulted in a Major Outbreak in Danish Farmed Mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trebbien, Ramona; Chriél, Mariann; Struve, Tina;

    2014-01-01

    fleas (Ceratophyllus sciurorum) contained CDV and that vertical transmission of CDV occurred in a wild ferret. The study provides evidence that wildlife species, such as foxes, play an important role in the transmission of CDV to farmed mink and that the virus may be maintained in the wild animal......A major outbreak of canine distemper virus (CDV) in Danish farmed mink (Neovison vison) started in the late summer period of 2012. At the same time, a high number of diseased and dead wildlife species such as foxes, raccoon dogs, and ferrets were observed. To track the origin of the outbreak virus...... full-length sequencing of the receptor binding surface protein hemagglutinin (H) was performed on 26 CDV's collected from mink and 10 CDV's collected from wildlife species. Subsequent phylogenetic analyses showed that the virus circulating in the mink farms and wildlife were highly identical with an...

  4. Minkštojo įtvaro ir elektrostimuliacijos poveikis girnelės padėčiai ir skausmui, esant girnelės chondromaliacijai

    OpenAIRE

    Virbalaitė, Urtė

    2013-01-01

    Tyrimo objektas: minkštojo įtvaro ir elektrostimuliacijos poveikis girnelės padėčiai. Tyrimo tikslas: nustatyti minkštojo įtvaro ir elektrostimuliacijos poveikį girnelės padėčiai ir skausmui, esant girnelės chondromaliacijai. Tyrimo uždaviniai: 1. Įvertinti girnelės padėtį ir skausmą prieš ir po minkštojo įtvaro taikymo. 2. Įvertinti girnelės padėtį ir skausmą prieš ir po raumenų elektrostimuliacijos taikymo. 3. Palyginti gautus duomenis prieš ir po minkštojo įtvaro ir raumenų elektrostimulia...

  5. Investigation of the presence of human or bovine respiratory syncytial virus in the lungs of mink (Neovison vison with hemorrhagic pneumonia due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salomonsen Charlotte M

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hemorrhagic pneumonia is a disease of farmed mink (Neovison vison caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The disease is highly seasonal in Danish mink with outbreaks occurring almost exclusively in the autumn. Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV has been shown to augment infection with P. aeruginosa in mice and to promote adhesion of P. aeruginosa to human respiratory cells. Findings We tested 50 lung specimens from mink with hemorrhagic pneumonia for bovine RSV by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR and for human RSV by a commercial real-time PCR. RSV was not found. Conclusions This study indicates that human and bovine RSV is not a major co-factor for development of hemorrhagic pneumonia in Danish mink.

  6. Strandings of the beaked whales, Risso’s dolphins, and a minke whale on the Turkish coast of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZTÜRK, AYAKA AMAHA; Dede, Arda M. Tonay and Ayhan

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Stranding information of nine Cuvier‟s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris) and one Mesoplodon sp., five Risso‟s dolphin (Grampus griseus), and one minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) on the Turkish coast of the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea was compiled, based on the published and unpublished data between 1964 and 2011. Mesoplodon sp. and the minke whale were rare, possibly visitors, in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

  7. Temperament, stereotypies and anticipatory behaviour as measures of welfare in mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Steffen W.; Jeppesen, Leif Lau

    2006-01-01

    and 24 of the non-stereotyping animals were selected and exposed to Pavlovian conditioning with both positive and negative rewards. Their behaviour during anticipation of the reward changed, however, they also showed a great variation and dependence on feeding time as well as stereotypy status. So......A farm mink population of 290 1-year-old wild-coloured females was scanned for stereotyped behaviour in October 2003. At the same time the temperament of the individuals was established with a stick test. Some of the females performed no stereotypies in 54 scans and this fraction of the population......, 73 individuals, included significantly more fearful animals (38.4%) as opposed to the stereotyping part of the population (22.6% fearful animals). Since fear observed under farming conditions directs to reduced welfare, the results suggest that stereotypy should not unconditionally be used as a...

  8. Genetic variation in litter size and kit survival of mink (Neovison vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, B K; Su, G; Berg, P

    2010-01-01

    -REML approach, based on data from 1940 litters of the black colour type mink from 1996 to 2001. The models included (i) additive genetic effect of dam; (ii) dam and sire genetic effects; (iii) additive genetic effect of dam in relation to litter size and dam and sire genetic effects in relation to survival rate...... important for litter size (0.15-0.19) but not for survival rate. A positive dam genetic correlation between litter size and survival rate was found at 1 week postpartum (0.42), and a positive sire genetic correlation between number of weaned kits and survival rate at the age of 6 month (0.72). Litter size...

  9. Comparative anatomy of the vomeronasal cartilage in mammals: mink, cat, dog, pig, cow and horse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar, I; Sánchez Quinteiro, P S; Cifuentes, J M

    1995-07-01

    The vomeronasal cartilages of mink, cat, dog, pig, cow and horse were studied by dissection, microdissection and by means of series of transverse sections. In all the species studied the cartilage is of hyaline type and the medial sheet is well-defined and perfectly moulded to the adjacent bone. However, interspecies differences are apparent in the manner in which the medial sheet associates and eventually fuses with the cartilage of the incisive duct; the morphology of the horse vomeronasal cartilage is particularly distinctive in this respect. The lateral sheet of the vomeronasal cartilage, although always present, has a different arrangement in each species studied. Similarly, the gaps in the lateral sheet (corresponding to the opening of the vomeronasal organ) differ among the species studied in form, location and number. PMID:7645743

  10. Rapport fra projektet ”At skrive sig til læsning”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labuz, Nadia; Bundsgaard, Jeppe; Kjertmann, Kjeld;

    Projektet At skrive sig til læsning er et Videnkupon-projekt finansieret af Forsknings- og Innovationsstyrelsen og firmaet Jamus. Projektet havde til formål at bidrage til viden om og kvalificere udviklingen af en app til iPad, som har til formål at støtte børn i deres skrive- og læseudvikling....... Projektet bestod konkret i diskussioner og konsulentbistand under udviklingen af app'en, og i empiriske undersøgelser af den første brug af app'en i to herboende amerikanske børnefamilier. Projektet resulterede i positiv evaluering af app'en og den praksis, der kan udvikle sig omkring brugen af den, og det...... resulterede i en række konkrete forslag til videreudvikling, samt i 10 principper for god brug af app'en....

  11. Indsats for forældre til børn med ADHD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neubert, Katja

    2012-01-01

    Et nyt review, udarbejdet af forskergruppen omkring Morris Zwi, undersøger om interventionsprogrammer til forældre til børn med ADHD er effektive, når det gælder reducering af børnenes ADHD-relaterede adfærd og associerede problemer som eksempelvis indlæringsproblemer. Reviewet peger på, at en...... indsats til forældre til børn med ADHD kan have en gavnlig effekt på børnenes adfærd. Interventionen kan også være med til at sænke stressniveauet hos forældre til disse børn, og forbedre forældrenes selvtillid....

  12. Environmentally enriched male mink gain more copulations than stereotypic, barren-reared competitors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Díez-León

    Full Text Available Wild carnivores in zoos, conservation breeding centres, and farms commonly live in relatively small, unstimulating enclosures. Under these captive conditions, in a range of species including giant pandas, black-footed ferrets, and European mink, male reproductive abilities are often poor. Such problems have long been hypothesized to be caused by these animals' housing conditions. We show for the first time that rearing under welfare-improving (i.e., highly valued and stress-reducing environmental enrichments enhances male carnivores' copulatory performance: in mate choice competitions, enriched male American mink (Neovison vison mated more often than non-enriched males. We screened for several potential mediators of this effect. First was physiological stress and its impact on reproductive physiology; second, stress-mediated changes in morphology and variables related to immunocompetence that could influence male attractiveness; and third, behavioural changes likely to affect social competence, particularly autistic-like excessive routine and repetition ('perseveration' as is reflected in the stereotypies common in captive animals. Consistent with physiological stress, excreted steroid metabolites revealed that non-enriched males had higher cortisol levels and lower androgen levels than enriched conspecifics. Their os penises (bacula also tended to be less developed. Consistent with reduced attractiveness, non-enriched males were lighter, with comparatively small spleens and a trend to greater fluctuating asymmetry. Consistent with impaired social competence, non-enriched males performed more stereotypic behaviour (e.g., pacing in their home cages. Of all these effects, the only significant predictor of copulation number was stereotypy (a trend suggesting that low bodyweights may also be influential: highly stereotypic males gained the fewest copulations. The neurophysiological changes underlying stereotypy thus handicap males sexually. We

  13. Environmentally enriched male mink gain more copulations than stereotypic, barren-reared competitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díez-León, María; Bowman, Jeff; Bursian, Steve; Filion, Hélène; Galicia, David; Kanefsky, Jeannette; Napolitano, Angelo; Palme, Rupert; Schulte-Hostedde, Albrecht; Scribner, Kim; Mason, Georgia

    2013-01-01

    Wild carnivores in zoos, conservation breeding centres, and farms commonly live in relatively small, unstimulating enclosures. Under these captive conditions, in a range of species including giant pandas, black-footed ferrets, and European mink, male reproductive abilities are often poor. Such problems have long been hypothesized to be caused by these animals' housing conditions. We show for the first time that rearing under welfare-improving (i.e., highly valued and stress-reducing) environmental enrichments enhances male carnivores' copulatory performance: in mate choice competitions, enriched male American mink (Neovison vison) mated more often than non-enriched males. We screened for several potential mediators of this effect. First was physiological stress and its impact on reproductive physiology; second, stress-mediated changes in morphology and variables related to immunocompetence that could influence male attractiveness; and third, behavioural changes likely to affect social competence, particularly autistic-like excessive routine and repetition ('perseveration') as is reflected in the stereotypies common in captive animals. Consistent with physiological stress, excreted steroid metabolites revealed that non-enriched males had higher cortisol levels and lower androgen levels than enriched conspecifics. Their os penises (bacula) also tended to be less developed. Consistent with reduced attractiveness, non-enriched males were lighter, with comparatively small spleens and a trend to greater fluctuating asymmetry. Consistent with impaired social competence, non-enriched males performed more stereotypic behaviour (e.g., pacing) in their home cages. Of all these effects, the only significant predictor of copulation number was stereotypy (a trend suggesting that low bodyweights may also be influential): highly stereotypic males gained the fewest copulations. The neurophysiological changes underlying stereotypy thus handicap males sexually. We hypothesise that

  14. Mercury concentrations in wild mink (Mustela vison) and river otters (Lontra canadensis) collected from eastern and Atlantic Canada: Relationship to age and parasitism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klenavic, Katherine [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, ON K9J 7B8 (Canada); Champoux, Louise [Service Canadien de la Faune Environnement Canada, 1141 Route de l' Eglise, c.p. 10100, Sainte-Foy, QC G1V 4H5 (Canada)], E-mail: louise.champoux@ec.gc.ca; Mike, O' Brien [Furbearers and Upland Game, Department of Natural Resources, Kentville, NS B4N 4E5 (Canada)], E-mail: obrienms@gov.ns.ca; Daoust, Pierre-Y. [Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of P.E.I., 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, PEI C1A 4P3 (Canada)], E-mail: daoust@upei.ca; Evans, R. Douglas [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, ON K9J 7B8 (Canada); Evans, Hayla E. [Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, ON K9J 7B8 (Canada)], E-mail: hevans@trentu.ca

    2008-11-15

    Total mercury (Hg) concentrations were measured in the fur, brain and liver of wild mink (Mustela vison) and river otters (Lontra canadensis) collected from eastern and Atlantic Canada. Total Hg concentrations in fur were strongly correlated with levels in the brain and liver. There was no difference in tissue concentrations between male and female mink; however, female otters had significantly higher fur, brain and liver Hg levels than males. Similarly, there was not a significant relationship between Hg concentration and age of mink, whereas in otters, Hg concentrations in all three tissues decreased significantly with age. In both species, only a very small percentage of the variability in Hg concentration was explained by age. After adjusting the data for site-to-site differences in Hg levels, Hg concentrations in the fur of mink infected by the parasite, Dioctophyma renale, were found to be significantly higher than Hg levels in uninfected mink. - Mercury (Hg) concentrations in liver, brain and fur are correlated in mink (Mustela vison) and otters (Lontra canadensis), allowing the use of fur as an indicator of internal tissue concentrations.

  15. Mercury concentrations in wild mink (Mustela vison) and river otters (Lontra canadensis) collected from eastern and Atlantic Canada: Relationship to age and parasitism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Total mercury (Hg) concentrations were measured in the fur, brain and liver of wild mink (Mustela vison) and river otters (Lontra canadensis) collected from eastern and Atlantic Canada. Total Hg concentrations in fur were strongly correlated with levels in the brain and liver. There was no difference in tissue concentrations between male and female mink; however, female otters had significantly higher fur, brain and liver Hg levels than males. Similarly, there was not a significant relationship between Hg concentration and age of mink, whereas in otters, Hg concentrations in all three tissues decreased significantly with age. In both species, only a very small percentage of the variability in Hg concentration was explained by age. After adjusting the data for site-to-site differences in Hg levels, Hg concentrations in the fur of mink infected by the parasite, Dioctophyma renale, were found to be significantly higher than Hg levels in uninfected mink. - Mercury (Hg) concentrations in liver, brain and fur are correlated in mink (Mustela vison) and otters (Lontra canadensis), allowing the use of fur as an indicator of internal tissue concentrations

  16. Olav Bjerkholt - til økonomifaget med modeller, matematikk og historie

    OpenAIRE

    Cappelen, Ådne

    2012-01-01

    Olav Bjerkholt var forskningsdirektør i Statistisk sentralbyrå fra 1984 til 1996. I løpet av hans ledertid ble Byråets forskningsavdeling i større grad enn tidligere rettet inn mot internasjonale forskningsmiljø. Hans egen forskningsaktivitet har omfattet en rekke tema, fra makroøkonomiske modeller og økonomiske konsekvenser av nedrustning til energiøkonomi, betydningen av usikkerhet i oljeprisen og videre til økonomifagets historie.

  17. Selection against stereotypic behaviour may have contradictory consequences for the welfare of farm mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Pernille Maj; Hansen, Bente Krogh; Malmkvist, Jens; Hansen, Steffen Werner; Palme, Rupert; Jeppesen, Leif Lau

    The present study aimed to examine if divergent selection for stereotypic behaviour in mink influences the welfare of the animals. Two breeding lines were used, a high stereotyping line (HSL, N = 139) and a low stereotyping line (LSL, N = 132). Their welfare was assessed on the basis of...... adrenocortical activity (faecal cortisol metabolites, FCM), confident versus fearful temperament, growth and reproduction. The results showed that the LSL performed less stereotypic behaviour and were less active than the HSL. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that: (1) the LSL had lower concentrations of...... failure to grow in any line, but on average the body weight in the LSL was higher than that in the HSL. The correlation between stereotypy and confidence in the present study supports earlier findings showing a higher proportion of fearful animals in groups of low stereotyping mink. So, although the...

  18. Construction of an Americn mink Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) library and sequencing candidate genes important for the fur industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Hallers, Boudewijn ten; Nefedov, Michael;

    2011-01-01

    consisting of 18,432 clones spotted in duplicate, have been produced for hybridization screening and are publicly available. Overgo probes derived from expressed sequence tags (ESTs), representing 21 candidate genes for traits important for the mink industry, were used to screen the BAC library......BACKGROUND: Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries continue to be invaluable tools for the genomic analysis of complex organisms. Complemented by the newly and fast growing deep sequencing technologies, they provide an excellent source of information in genomics projects. RESULTS: Here, we...... report the construction and characterization of the CHORI-231 BAC library constructed from a Danish-farmed, male American mink (Neovison vison). The library contains approximately 165,888 clones with an average insert size of 170 kb, representing approximately 10-fold coverage. High-density filters, each...

  19. Da Lucifer kom til Vardøhus. En undersøkelse av demonologiske idéers utbredelse i Finnmark i forhold til resten av landet

    OpenAIRE

    Stave, Torstein

    2012-01-01

    På 1500- og 1600-tallet bredte det seg en storstilt trolldomsforfølgelse gjennom Europa. I overkant av 100 000 mennesker - majoriteten kvinner - ble formelt anklaget for å være trollfolk, og rundt 50 000 mistet livet på grunn av det. Norge var intet unntak og vi kjenner til minst 767 prosesser med 300 dødsfall til følge. Spesielt Finnmark ble hardt rammet, der hele 138 prosesser førte til 91 dødsfall. Med tanke på at det bodde knapt 3000 mennesker i Finnmark er dette ekstreme høye tall også i...

  20. Fatty acid alterations caused by PCBs (Aroclor 1242) and copper in adipose tissue around lymph nodes of mink

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fatty acid composition was determined in adipose tissue surrounding the mesenteric lymph nodes of mink (Mustela vison) exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs: 1 mg Aroclor 1242 in food day-1 for 28 days) and/or copper (62 mg kg-1 food). These specific adipose tissues are known to have functional relationships with lymphocytes, and proliferation of cultured lymphocytes is influenced by the quality of fatty acids available in media. In six experimental groups the diet was based on freshwater fish, and in two groups it was based on marine fish. These basal diets differed in terms of fatty acid composition and content of fat-soluble vitamins A1 and E. The fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipids (PL) responded to PCBs more than that of triacylglycerols (TG). The effects of copper were small. In female minks fed a diet of freshwater fish, the proportion of highly unsaturated fatty acids in PL decreased by 5 wt.% due to PCBs, and the acids seemed to be replaced by monounsaturated fatty acids (9 wt.% increase of total). This decrease of highly unsaturated fatty acids in PL was milder in minks on the marine fish diet rich in fat-soluble vitamins. In TG of minks on the marine diet, however, PCBs decreased the proportion of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3). The possibility that these alterations in the fatty acid metabolism of adipose tissue supporting the lymph nodes affect immune function during PCB exposure should be studied further. Interestingly, the quality of the fish diet affected the magnitude of the alterations. The fatty acid responses may also differ between males and females. (Copyright (c) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

  1. Severity of Expert-Identified Behavioural Responses of Humpback Whale, Minke Whale, and Northern Bottlenose Whale to Naval Sonar

    OpenAIRE

    Sivle, L.D.; Kvadsheim, P. H.; Cure, C.; Isojunno, S.; Wensveen, P.J.; Lam, F.P.A.; Visser, F.; Kleivane, L; Tyack, P. L.; Harris, C. M.; Miller, P.J.O.

    2015-01-01

    Controlled exposure experiments using 1 to2 kHz sonar signals were conducted with 11 humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae), one minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), and one northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus) during three field trials from 2011 to 2013. Ship approaches without sonar transmis-sions, playbacks of killer whale vocalizations, and broadband noise were conducted as controls. Behavioural parameters such as horizontal movement, diving, social interactions, and v...

  2. Growth and reproductive effects from dietary exposure to Aroclor 1268 in mink (Neovison vison), a surrogate model for marine mammals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folland, William R; Newsted, John L; Fitzgerald, Scott D; Fuchsman, Phyllis C; Bradley, Patrick W; Kern, John; Kannan, Kurunthachalam; Remington, Richard E; Zwiernik, Matthew J

    2016-03-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from the commercial mixture Aroclor 1268 were historically released into the Turtle-Brunswick River estuary (southeastern Georgia, USA) from industrial operations. Sum PCBs (ΣPCBs) in blubber samples from Turtle-Brunswick River estuary bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) have been reported at concentrations more than 10-fold higher than those observed in dolphins from adjacent regional estuaries. Given that toxicity data specific to Aroclor 1268 and applicable to marine mammals are limited, predicting the toxic effects of Aroclor 1268 in dolphins is uncertain, particularly because of its unique congener profile and associated physiochemical characteristics compared with other PCB mixtures. American mink (Neovison vison) were chosen as a surrogate model for cetaceans to develop marine mammalian PCB toxicity benchmarks. Mink are a suitable surrogate species for cetaceans in toxicity studies because of similarities in diet and taxonomic class, and a characteristic sensitivity to PCBs provides a potential safety factor when using mink toxicology data for cross-species extrapolations. Effects of dietary exposure to Aroclor 1268 on reproduction, growth, and mortality in mink were compared with both a negative control and a positive control (3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl, PCB 126). Aroclor 1268 dietary ΣPCB concentrations ranged from 1.8 µg/g feed wet weight to 29 µg/g feed wet weight. Whelp success was unaffected by Aroclor 1268 exposure at any level. Treatment mean litter size, kit growth, and kit survival were adversely affected relative to the negative control at dietary ΣPCB concentrations of 10.6 µg/g feed wet weight and greater. PMID:26313468

  3. Evidence of endoplasmic reticulum stress and liver inflammation in the American mink Neovison vison with benign hepatic steatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouvinen-Watt, Kirsti; Pal, Catherine; Martin, Timothy; Harris, Lora; Astatkie, Tessema; Kryzskaya, Darya; Kärjä, Vesa; Mustonen, Anne-Mari; Tammi, Raija; Tammi, Markku; Nieminen, Petteri

    2014-10-01

    We investigated the presence of inflammatory signs in the progression of fatty liver disease induced by fasting. Sixty standard black American mink (Neovison vison) were fasted for 0, 1, 3, 5, or 7 days and one group for 7 days followed by re-feeding for 28 days. Liver sections were evaluated histologically and liver mRNA levels indicating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, adipogenic transformation, and inflammation were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR. After 3 days of fasting, the mink had developed moderate liver steatosis. Increased hyaluronan reactivity in lymphocytic foci but no Mallory-Denk bodies were seen in livers of the mink fasted for 5-7 days. Up-regulation of glucose-regulated protein, 78 kDa was observed on day 7 indicating ER stress, especially in the females. Liver lipoprotein lipase and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 mRNA levels increased in response to 5-7 days of food deprivation, while tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) was the highest in the mink fasted for 5 days. The expression of the genes of interest, except for TNF-α, correlated with each other and with the liver fat content. The mRNA levels were found to change more rapidly below n-3/n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio threshold of 0.15. Following re-feeding, hepatocyte morphology and mRNA abundance returned to pre-fasting levels. Within the studied timeframe, evidence for ER stress, adipogenic transformation, and liver inflammation suggested incipient transition from steatosis to steatohepatitis with potential for development of more severe liver disease. This may present a possibility to influence disease progression before histologically observable steatohepatitis. PMID:25079677

  4. Changes in biological parameters of balaenopterid whales in the Antarctic, with special referece to southern minke whale

    OpenAIRE

    Hidehiro, Kato

    1986-01-01

    Historical changes in biological parameters of the southern balaenopterid whales were comparatively examined by reviewing the reports and information as well as on the new analyses for the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) in the Antarctic region during the 1920's and the 1982/83 season. Two types of density-dependent changes were identified; changes by catch intensity itself for the blue (B. musculus) and the fin (B. physalus) whales and changes by interspecific competition for the se...

  5. Effect of HMB and 2-Ox administered during pregnancy on bone properties in primiparous and multiparous minks (Neivison vison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaszewska Ewa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine the mechanical and geometric properties as well as bone tissue density of long bones in primiparous and multiparous dams of minks supplemented with β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate (HMB and/or 2-oxoketoglutarate (2-Ox during gestation. Powdered 2-Ox was given at the daily dosage of 0.4 g/kg b.w. separately or simultaneously with HMB, which was administered at the daily dosage of 0.02 g/kg b.w. The study demonstrates for the first time that administration of 2-Ox and/or HMB to dams markedly influences bone tissue density and the mechanical and geometrical properties of mother`s bones in minks. Moreover, it was demonstrated that the supplementation was more effective in the thoracic limb, which was comprehensively used in contrast to the pelvic limb. The mechanical parameters and bone tissue density significantly increased in the humerus in multiparous minks. Only such diet may provide satisfactory production results in the animals. Nutritional deficiencies occurring during pregnancies may trigger body`s own reserves to cover the bone mass increase in developing foetuses and support milk production. This can prevent regeneration of dams’ organisms, which negatively affects their reproductive performance. 2-Ox or HMB may be regarded as a protective metabolite when administered orally to minks, counteracting the negative influences of pregnancy and lactation periods on bones condition. Both simultaneous treatment with 2-Ox and HMB and their separate administration were equally effective.

  6. Fatty acid alterations caused by PCBs (Aroclor 1242) and copper in adipose tissue around lymph nodes of mink

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaekelae, R.; Hyvaerinen, H. [Department of Biology, University of Joensuu, P.O. Box 111, FIN-80101 Joensuu (Finland)

    1999-01-01

    Fatty acid composition was determined in adipose tissue surrounding the mesenteric lymph nodes of mink (Mustela vison) exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs: 1 mg Aroclor 1242 in food day{sup -1} for 28 days) and/or copper (62 mg kg{sup -1} food). These specific adipose tissues are known to have functional relationships with lymphocytes, and proliferation of cultured lymphocytes is influenced by the quality of fatty acids available in media. In six experimental groups the diet was based on freshwater fish, and in two groups it was based on marine fish. These basal diets differed in terms of fatty acid composition and content of fat-soluble vitamins A{sub 1} and E. The fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipids (PL) responded to PCBs more than that of triacylglycerols (TG). The effects of copper were small. In female minks fed a diet of freshwater fish, the proportion of highly unsaturated fatty acids in PL decreased by 5 wt.% due to PCBs, and the acids seemed to be replaced by monounsaturated fatty acids (9 wt.% increase of total). This decrease of highly unsaturated fatty acids in PL was milder in minks on the marine fish diet rich in fat-soluble vitamins. In TG of minks on the marine diet, however, PCBs decreased the proportion of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3). The possibility that these alterations in the fatty acid metabolism of adipose tissue supporting the lymph nodes affect immune function during PCB exposure should be studied further. Interestingly, the quality of the fish diet affected the magnitude of the alterations. The fatty acid responses may also differ between males and females. (Copyright (c) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

  7. Analysis of the vp2 gene sequence of a new mutated mink enteritis parvovirus strain in PR China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Wenyu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mink enteritis virus (MEV causes a highly contagious viral disease of mink with a worldwide distribution. MEV has a linear, single-stranded, negative-sense DNA with a genome length of approximately 5,000 bp. The VP2 protein is the major structural protein of the parvovirus encoded by the vp2 gene. VP2 is highly antigenic and plays important roles in determining viral host ranges and tissue tropisms. This study describes the bionomics and vp2 gene analysis of a mutated strain, MEV-DL, which was isolated recently in China and outlines its homologous relationships with other selected strains registered in Genbank. Results The MEV-DL strain can infect F81 cells with cytopathic effects. Pig erythrocytes were agglutinated by the MEV-DL strain. The generation of MEV-DL in F81 cells could infect mink within three months and cause a disease that was similar to that caused by wild-type MEV. A comparative analysis of the vp2 gene nucleotide (nt sequence of MEV-DL showed that this was more than 99% homologous with other mink enteritis parvoviruses in Genbank. However, the nucleotide residues at positions 1,065 and 1,238 in the MEV-DL strain of the vp2 gene differed from those of all the other MEV strains described previously. It is noteworthy that the mutation at the nucleotide residues position 1,238 led to Asp/Gly replacement. This may lead to structural changes. A phylogenetic tree and sequence distance table were obtained, which showed that the MEV-DL and ZYL-1 strains had the closest inheritance distance. Conclusions A new variation of the vp2 gene exists in the MEV-DL strain, which may lead to structural changes of the VP2 protein. Phylogenetic analysis showed that MEV-DL may originate from the ZYL-1 strain in DaLian.

  8. Feed efficiency and body weight growth throughout growing-furring period in mink using random regression method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shirali, Mahmoud; Nielsen, Vivi Hunnicke; Møller, Steen Henrik;

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine genetic background of longitudinal residual feed intake (RFI) and body weight (BW) growth in farmed mink using random regression methods considering heterogeneous residual variances. Eight BW measures for each mink was recorded every three weeks from 63 to 210...... days of age for 2139 male mink and the same number of females. Cumulative feed intake was calculated six times with three weeks interval based on daily feed consumption between weighing’s from 105 to 210 days of age. Heritability estimates for RFI increased by age from 0.18 (0.03, standard deviation...... (SD)) at 105 days of age to 0.49 (0.03, SD) and 0.46 (0.03, SD) at 210 days of age in male and female, respectively. The heritability estimates for BW growth increased with age and had moderate to high range for male (0.33 ± 0.02 to 0.84 ± 0.02) and female (0.35 ± 0.03 to 0.85 ± 0.02). RFI estimates...

  9. 70 years of research on the American mink (Neovison vison schreb., 1777 genetics - where are we now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skorupski Jakub Jan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to present the current state of knowledge about the genetics of the American mink (Neovison vison Schreb., 1777 - a species that achieved in the twentieth century an unprecedented ecological success associated with the dynamic development of its economic use. However, despite the large popularity and economic importance of the American mink as a fur animal, and the scale of the problems associated with its introduction beyond the range of natural occurrence, genetic research, particularly molecular genetics and genomics of this species, show relatively little progress. The article contains a comprehensive description of the studies undertaken on the genetics of the species, both in terms of cytogenetics, molecular genetics, genomics, population genetics and phylogenetics. The progress of the genome sequencing project of the American mink is also described as well as its transcriptome annotation. The article also deals with still unexplained and not completed, despite 70 years of genetic research, issues such as the standard karyotype, the precise molecular basis of coat color inheritance and systematic position of the species.

  10. Konsept for rullestolmodul til montering på Segway

    OpenAIRE

    Onsager, Christian Andreas

    2013-01-01

    For personer med redusert gangfunksjon er det i dag mulig å velge mellom elektriske eller manuelle rullestoler. Mens manuelle rullestoler fungerer godt over korte avstander og på jevnt underlag, så er de vanskelige å manøvrere over lengre avstander eller i ulendt terreng. Samtidig er elektriske rullestoler store og vanskelige å manøvrere i trange områder. Målet med prosjektet har vært å utvikle et konseptforslag til en Segwayrullestol. En...

  11. Nye veje mellem universiteter og erhvervsliv - fra sandhed til overskud

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Peter; Bergmann, Rasmus

    2006-01-01

    Problemet er, at der traditionelt hersker forskellige logikker i henholdsvis erhvervslivet og på universiteterne. I erhvervslivet er det primære formål at skabe profit, hvorimod universitetets centrale formål traditionelt har været at generere sand viden. Når man fra politisk side forsøger at styre universiteterne ved at forpligte disse til at indgå i et tæt samarbejde med erhvervslivet, opstår der en konflikt mellem på den ene side ønsket om indtjening og på den anden side ønsket om en offen...

  12. Erhverv i boligkvarteret - en vej til bedre bymiljø?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, G.

    Gennem mange år har byplanlægningen været præget af en stadig mere udtalt adskillelse af byens funktioner - og særligt af boliger og erhverv. Som et alternativ hertil arbejdes nu med planlægning af integrerede bykvarterer. På grundlag af konkrete undersøgelser behandler denne Ph.D.-afhandling de ...... kvaliteter og konflikter, der kan opstå, når erhverv ligger mellem boliger. Rapporten henvender sig til kommunale planlæggere, bygherrer, investorer og andre, der beskæftiger sig med planlægning og projektering af erhvervsbyggeri....

  13. Estudio de prevalencia serológica de hidatidosis en caprinos de Til Til y Colina, Santiago de Chile 2005 (Seroprevalence of hidatidosis in goats from Til Til and Colina, Santiagode Chile 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorca Myriam:

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa hidatidosis es una enfermedad parasitaria de distribución mundial que es causada por el cestodo Echinococcus granulosus, en Chile es considerada una enfermedad endémica, importante en problema de Salud Pública. En los últimos años se ha observado una baja en la hidatidosis animal a nivel de mataderos, a excepción de los caprinos que han aumentado su porcentaje de infección. Esta especie es una importante fuente de recursos económicos para la población ruralen muchas regiones del país, entre ellas los municipio de Til Til y Colina, , donde se encuentra la mayor cantidad de ejemplares caprinos dentro de la de la Región Metropolitana En la actualidad existe poca información de estudios para hidatidosis en animales vivos, por esta razón se decidió determinar la prevalencia serológica en caprinos de la Región Metropolitana. Se estudiaron 524 animales, 262 correspondientes a Colina y 262 de Til Til, los animales fueron escogidos completamente al azar y el total de ejemplares fué estimado estadísticamente. Las muestras de sangre fueron recolectadas en papel filtro, siendo analizadas mediante la técnica de ELISA IgG caprina y bajo los estándares establecidos. La prevalencia para hidatidosis caprina en los sectores estudiados fue de un 4,38 % en total en elsector. Las diferencias en la seropositividad entre los predios estudiados se deberían, probablemente, a las diferencias en losmanejos sanitarios respectivos. Estos resultados son ignificativamente menores con respecto a los observados en otras regiones ( Ej.Coquimbo, 40,9%, a pesar de ello, es una significativacontribución al conocimiento de la hidatidosis en una importante especie animal de la Región Metropolitana, los que viven en estrecho contacto con perros y el hombre aumentando así las posibilidadesde transmisión de la enfemedad.

  14. Hvordan kan oplevelsesøkonomien bidrage til dansk turisme?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvistgaard, Peter; Hird, John

    2006-01-01

    Der var engang, hvor turisterne var rejseglade amatører, der bare ville hjemmefra for at ligge på stranden, spise lidt fremmed mad i afmålte mængder, drikke nogle eksotiske drinks og bare slappe af. Disse amatører er i dag afløst af professionelle oplevelsesjægere, der rejser to til flere gange o...... for at diskutere de fedeste oplevelser, og der udveksles travel stories, og favorite destinations udpeges og diskuteres....

  15. Imettävän äidin ravitsemuskasvatus ja kätilö ravitsemuskasvattajana : vuosina 2004 - 2012 ilmestyneiden Kätilölehtien perusteella

    OpenAIRE

    Hvitfelt-Koskelainen, Johanna; Laksio, Sari

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä tutkittiin vuosina 2004–2012 ilmestyneitä Kätilölehden ravitsemuskasvatusta käsitteleviä artikkeleja. Kätilölehden tutkiminen koettiin tärkeäksi, koska se markkinoi itseään kätilöiden täydennyskoulutuslehtenä. Täydennyskoulutuslehtenä se tarjoaa kätilöille uusinta tietoa imettävän äidin ravitsemuskasvatuksesta. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää, millaisia imettävän äidin ravitsemusta koskevia ohjeita lehdessä julkaistiin ja millaiseksi imettävän äidin ravitsemuska...

  16. Anmeldelse af "Kønsforskning - en guide til feministisk teori, metodologi og skrift"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holen, Mari

    2009-01-01

    Anmelse af bogen: Nina Lykke (2008) Kønsforskning - en guide til feministisk teori, metodologi og skrift. Forlaget Samfundslitteratur. Frederiksberg.......Anmelse af bogen: Nina Lykke (2008) Kønsforskning - en guide til feministisk teori, metodologi og skrift. Forlaget Samfundslitteratur. Frederiksberg....

  17. Ja! Til driftsvenligt byggeri på DTU - men hvordan i praksis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Helle Lohmann; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev; Møller, Anders B.

    Ofte kæmper Facilities Managers for at få lov til at bidrage med driftserfaringer til nye byggeprojekter, men ikke på Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU) i Campus Service, hvor ”spørg driften” det sidste år er blevet et mantra ved ethvert byggeprojekt, og p.t. er der 15 byggeprojekter i gang. Men...

  18. Uddannelse i praksis til selvstændig ledelse og virksomhedsstart

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Poul Bitsch

    Artiklen undersøger hvordan studerende i problemorienterede regimer kan uddanne sig til at blive kompetente deltagere i iværksættelse. Kritisk videnskabeligt (akademisk) perspektiv handler om at kunne øge kvaliteten i og om iværksættelse. At integrere praksis i akademisk uddannelse medvirker til ...

  19. Scanima A/S - Fra tilfældig til succesfuld Web-strategi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    2001-01-01

    mere proaktiv form for markedsføring. Ansigt-til-ansigt situationen er suppleret med hjemmesiden, som er den digitale grænseflade til markedet. Udgiften er på omkring 10.000 kr. og har efter et stykke tid givet ordrer på over en million gode danske kroner. Disse resultater er ikke kommet fordi Scanima...

  20. Strategi og samtænkning, input til afsnit 7.a i Forsvarskommissionens sikkerhedspolitiske udredning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    2008-01-01

    Dette notat definerer samtænkning, introducerer den strategiske kontekst som samtænkning udspringer af, foretager en kort evaluering af den danske indsats til dato og opstiller tre anbefalinger til hvordan den fremtidige indsats kan styrkes. Det konkluderes, at:   1) samtænkning er logisk konsekv...

  1. En introduktion til Michael Hardt og Antonio Negris tænkning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Presskorn-Thygesen, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Peter Nielsen, Pil Christensen og Lars Poulsen: Magt og modstand: En introduktion til Michael Hardt og Antonio Negris tænkning (Frydenlund, 2012)......Anmeldelse af Peter Nielsen, Pil Christensen og Lars Poulsen: Magt og modstand: En introduktion til Michael Hardt og Antonio Negris tænkning (Frydenlund, 2012)...

  2. Midler til lindring af mundtørhed og stimulation af spytsekretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge; Bardow, Allan;

    2013-01-01

    effekt. I relation til risikoen for at udvikle caries, der er forhøjet hos den mundtørre patient, er det dog væsentligt at anbefale produkter uden sukker. Ligesom produktets indhold af syre og dermed det erosive potentiale er af betydning i forhold til udviklingen af dentale erosioner. Systemisk...

  3. I CAT bliver high-tech idéer til holdbare forretninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønderberg Petersen, L.

    2002-01-01

    CAT er en kompetent og risikovillig medspiller når højteknologisk forskning skal omsættes til holdbar forretning.......CAT er en kompetent og risikovillig medspiller når højteknologisk forskning skal omsættes til holdbar forretning....

  4. Longitudinal analysis of residual feed intake and BW in mink using random regression with heterogeneous residual variance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirali, M; Nielsen, V H; Møller, S H; Jensen, J

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the genetic background of longitudinal residual feed intake (RFI) and BW gain in farmed mink using random regression methods considering heterogeneous residual variances. The individual BW was measured every 3 weeks from 63 to 210 days of age for 2139 male+female pairs of juvenile mink during the growing-furring period. Cumulative feed intake was calculated six times with 3-week intervals based on daily feed consumption between weighing's from 105 to 210 days of age. Genetic parameters for RFI and BW gain in males and females were obtained using univariate random regression with Legendre polynomials containing an animal genetic effect and permanent environmental effect of litter along with heterogeneous residual variances. Heritability estimates for RFI increased with age from 0.18 (0.03, posterior standard deviation (PSD)) at 105 days of age to 0.49 (0.03, PSD) and 0.46 (0.03, PSD) at 210 days of age in male and female mink, respectively. The heritability estimates for BW gain increased with age and had moderate to high range for males (0.33 (0.02, PSD) to 0.84 (0.02, PSD)) and females (0.35 (0.03, PSD) to 0.85 (0.02, PSD)). RFI estimates during the growing period (105 to 126 days of age) showed high positive genetic correlations with the pelting RFI (210 days of age) in male (0.86 to 0.97) and female (0.92 to 0.98). However, phenotypic correlations were lower from 0.47 to 0.76 in males and 0.61 to 0.75 in females. Furthermore, BW records in the growing period (63 to 126 days of age) had moderate (male: 0.39, female: 0.53) to high (male: 0.87, female: 0.94) genetic correlations with pelting BW (210 days of age). The result of current study showed that RFI and BW in mink are highly heritable, especially at the late furring period, suggesting potential for large genetic gains for these traits. The genetic correlations suggested that substantial genetic gain can be obtained by only considering the RFI estimate and BW at pelting

  5. Construction of an American mink Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC library and sequencing candidate genes important for the fur industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christensen Knud

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC libraries continue to be invaluable tools for the genomic analysis of complex organisms. Complemented by the newly and fast growing deep sequencing technologies, they provide an excellent source of information in genomics projects. Results Here, we report the construction and characterization of the CHORI-231 BAC library constructed from a Danish-farmed, male American mink (Neovison vison. The library contains approximately 165,888 clones with an average insert size of 170 kb, representing approximately 10-fold coverage. High-density filters, each consisting of 18,432 clones spotted in duplicate, have been produced for hybridization screening and are publicly available. Overgo probes derived from expressed sequence tags (ESTs, representing 21 candidate genes for traits important for the mink industry, were used to screen the BAC library. These included candidate genes for coat coloring, hair growth and length, coarseness, and some receptors potentially involved in viral diseases in mink. The extensive screening yielded positive results for 19 of these genes. Thirty-five clones corresponding to 19 genes were sequenced using 454 Roche, and large contigs (184 kb in average were assembled. Knowing the complete sequences of these candidate genes will enable confirmation of the association with a phenotype and the finding of causative mutations for the targeted phenotypes. Additionally, 1577 BAC clones were end sequenced; 2505 BAC end sequences (80% of BACs were obtained. An excess of 2 Mb has been analyzed, thus giving a snapshot of the mink genome. Conclusions The availability of the CHORI-321 American mink BAC library will aid in identification of genes and genomic regions of interest. We have demonstrated how the library can be used to identify specific genes of interest, develop genetic markers, and for BAC end sequencing and deep sequencing of selected clones. To our knowledge, this is the

  6. WHERE THERE IS A TIL, THERE IS A WILL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parle Milind

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Til is a key ingredient in a variety of world cuisines, especially Asian, Middle Eastern and Mediterranean for its nutritional and medicinal value. Sesame seeds (Til seem like tiny and simple pieces of nature's creation. The present study was undertaken to investigate the anxiolytic potential of Sesamum indicum in mice. A total of 150 Swiss mice, divided into 25 groups were employed in this study. Sesamum indicum (4%, 8% and 16% w/w was admixed in diet of mice for a period of 14 days. Elevated plus maze, Light-dark model and Hole board test were used as behavioral models in this study. Effect of Sesamum indicum on MDA levels was also estimated. Sesamum indicum produced significant (P<0.01 increase in the time spent in the lit compartment in light-dark model. Sesamum indicum enhanced significantly (P<0.05 the number of entries and time spent in open arms, when tested using elevated plus maze model in mice. The hole-board test provides a simple method for measuring the response of an animal to an unfamiliar environment and is widely used to assess anxiety. Sesamum indicum significantly (P<0.05 increased head dip counts at different concentrations (4%, 8% and 16% w/w, indicating its anxiolytic effect. Sesamum indicum significantly (P<0.01 reduced MDA levels in the brains of mice, thereby revealing its property of bringing about reduction in free radical generation. These findings reflect the anxiolytic potential of Sesamum indicum.

  7. Dokumentation af konvertering af trafiktal til emissionsopgørelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kveiborg, Ole; Jensen, Thomas Christian

    2009-01-01

    Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) er ansvarlig for at opgøre og rapportere danske drivhusgas-emissioner til Klimakonventionen, Geneve-konventionen og EU’s overvågningsmekanisme for driv-husgasser. Til brug for opgørelser af emissioner fra transportområdet har DMU behov for en række oplysninger fra...... Transportministeriet. Vejdirektoratet (VD) har hidtil stået for levering af disse oplysnin-ger. DMU skal nu som følge af Danmarks og EU’s ratificering af Kyoto-protokollen dokumentere, at der er foretaget de nødvendige foranstaltninger for at sikre de årlige opgørelser. Derfor ønskes nu en mere formaliseret aftale...... vedrørende levering af oplysninger for transportområdet. Dette notat sammenfatter de konverteringsrutiner og metoder, der er anvendt for at beregne bestan-den af køretøjer, deres trafikarbejde, hastigheder, last mv....

  8. Et godt tilbud? - Hvordan JYSKs image skaber udfordringer for virksomhedens CSR-kommunikation til de danske privatkunder

    OpenAIRE

    Feldtsing, Anna; Winther-Stokholm, Kristine

    2009-01-01

    Specialet omhandler, hvordan virksomheden JYSK's image skaber udfordringer i forhold til at kommunikere CSR til de danske privatkunder, samt hvordan kriser på CSR-profilen, og krisekommunikationen i denne forbindelse, kan bruges til at kommunikere CSR-budskabet ud.

  9. Late development of homoeothermy in mink (Mustela vison) kits - a strategy for maximum survival rate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tauson, A-H; Chwalibog, André; Tygesen, M P

    and after the experiments and evaporative water losses (EWL) were calculated. When exposed to L temperature, single kits responded with a very low HE until 29 days of age, and groups of kits until 14 days of age. It was not until they reached an age of approximately 6 weeks that single kits showed a...... in groups. Evaporative water losses was higher among single than among groups of kits and slightly lower but more variable for animals at L than at H temperature. It was concluded that mink kits develop functional homoeothermy at an age of close to 6 weeks and that the failure of very young kits to...... heat production (HE) by means of indirect calorimetry lasting 3 h were performed on neonatal kits and kits from 1 to 54 days of age. Both single kits and groups of 4-5 huddling kits were kept at 15 degrees C (L) or 30 degrees C (H) [from 35 days onwards at 25 degrees C (H)]. Animals were weighed before...

  10. Weaning and separation stress: maternal motivation decreases with litter age and litter size in farmed mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens; Sørensen, Dennis Dam; Larsen, Torben;

    2016-01-01

    (P < 0.01), indicative of dam hunger/metabolic burden in the preceding period. We found no signs of nipple/inflammation problems, evaluated visually and by Infrared Thermography (IRT) measuring surface temperatures of active teats.Dams separated at litter age 7 weeks had higher concentrations of...... and maternal motivation around the time of weaning and separation. Therefore, we investigated effects of separating the dam from the litter using brown first-parity farm mink dams (n = 374) taken away from the litter either day 49 ± 1 (7w, n = 185) or day 56 ± 1 (8w, n = 189) after birth. The aim was...... significant difference in dam bodyweight (7w: 1420 ± 15.0 g, 8w: 1404 ± 14.7, P = 0.43). However, the litter size negatively influenced both the dam weight and body condition (P < 0.001) regardless of the separation age. Stereotypies D0-D1were influenced by group (8w > 7w) and increased with number of young...

  11. Genetic characterization of the complete genome of an Aleutian mink disease virus isolated in north China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Ji; Wang, Jigui; Yu, Yongle; Zhang, Xiaomei; Mao, Yaping; Hou, Qiang; Liu, Weiquan

    2016-08-01

    The genome of a highly pathogenic strain of Aleutian disease mink virus (AMDV-BJ) isolated from a domestic farm in North China has been determined and compared with other strains. Alignment analysis of the major structural protein VP2 revealed that AMDV-BJ is unique among 17 other AMDV strains. Compared with the nonpathogenic strain ADV-G, the 3' end Y-shaped hairpin was highly conserved, while a 4-base deletion in the 5' U-shaped terminal palindrome resulted in a different unpaired "bubble" group near the NS1-binding region of the 5' end hairpin which may affect replication efficiency in vivo. We also performed a protein analysis of the NS1, NS2, and new-confirmed NS3 of AMDV-BJ with some related AMDV DNA sequence published, providing information on evolution of AMDV genes. This study shows a useful method to obtain the full-length genome of AMDV and some other parvoviruses. PMID:27007772

  12. Design av standardisert modulbasert skipsbro til bruk i “full mission bridge” simulatorer: produktutvikling for Kongsberg Maritime

    OpenAIRE

    Øygarden, Hans Andreas; Delavari, Seraj; Moen, Johannes; Moc, Ryan Hong; Stange, Lars E. Sjøbakken

    2011-01-01

    Vi er en gruppe på 5 studenter som har fått i oppdrag av Kongsberg Maritime om å konstruere en skipsbro som brukes i en ”full mission bridge simulator”. Dette er en simulator som er skalert 1:1 og som brukes til å utdanne styrmenn samt til etterutdanning av kapteiner og lignende. Frem til i dag har Kongsberg Maritime så og si måtte tegne og utvikle en ny skipsbro for hver kunde de leverer til. Grunnen til dette er at det er veldig stor variasjon i omgivelsene hvor skipsbroen skal installer...

  13. Changes in digestive enzyme activity, intestine morphology, mucin characteristics and tocopherol status in mink kits (Mustela neovision) during the weaning period

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedemann, Mette Skou; Clausen, T.N.; Jensen, Søren Krogh

    2011-01-01

    . Twenty-four mink kits from eight litters were included in the experiment. The dams and their litters were kept under standard farm conditions. The dams and the kits were fed a diet consisting of 48.1% protein, 40.7% fat and 11.1% carbohydrate of metabolizable energy. The mink kits were weaned at 42 days...... of age. At 34, 47 and 59 days of age, one male mink kit from each litter was euthanized. The activity of amylase, trypsin, chymotrypsin and lipase in the pancreatic tissue increased during the experimental period, whereas the activity of carboxyl ester hydrolase remained constant. The vitamin E......, whereas the biologically less active 2S isomers showed a clear increase. The concentration of bile salts did not change during the experimental period. The villous height increased in the proximal part of the small intestine and decreased in the distal part, whereas the crypt depth was doubled in both the...

  14. Comparison of histological lesions in acute hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salomonsen, Charlotte Mark; Boye, Mette; Høiby, N.; Jensen, Trine Hammer; Hammer, Anne Sofie

    2013-01-01

    also occurred in farmed mink. The purpose of this study was to compare histological lesions of acute hemorrhagic pneumonia associated with both P. aeruginosa and E. coli in mink, including a description of tissue distribution of pathogens, in an attempt to differentiate between the 2 disease entities...... based on histopathology. The study included material submitted for diagnostic investigation to the National Veterinary Institute in Denmark from 2006 to 2009. Altogether, 19 cases of hemorrhagic pneumonia with a pure lung culture of P. aeruginosa and 18 cases of hemorrhagic pneumonia with a pure lung...... culture of E. coli were examined. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded lung tissue obtained from the mink was examined by histology and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). It was possible to detect a slight histological difference between hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by P. aeruginosa and by E. coli, as...

  15. Comparison of histological lesions in acute hemorrhagic pneumonia in mink associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salomonsen, Charlotte Mark; Boye, Mette; Høiby, N.;

    2013-01-01

    culture of E. coli were examined. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded lung tissue obtained from the mink was examined by histology and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). It was possible to detect a slight histological difference between hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by P. aeruginosa and by E. coli, as...... also occurred in farmed mink. The purpose of this study was to compare histological lesions of acute hemorrhagic pneumonia associated with both P. aeruginosa and E. coli in mink, including a description of tissue distribution of pathogens, in an attempt to differentiate between the 2 disease entities...... P. aeruginosa was most often found surrounding blood vessels and lining the alveoli, while E. coli showed a more diffuse distribution in the lung tissue. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa often elicited a very hemorrhagic response in the lung, while infection with E. coli was associated with a higher...

  16. Fra åben konflikt til symbiotisk evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Peter; Pedersen, John Storm

    2014-01-01

    ydelser. Krisen har ført til hård budgetdisciplin for at undgå vækst i de offentlige udgifter. Men hård budgetdisciplin og de fagprofessionelles autonomi passer ikke godt sammen. Denne kombination af succeskriterier skaber konflikter mellem styringen af den offentlige sektors udgifter og de...... fagprofessionelles autonomi. Det er en konflikt, der også afspejler sig i en række konflikter på det offentlige arbejdsmarked i disse år (jf. f.eks. KL’s lærer-lockout). Dermed bliver dette spørgsmål relevant: Kan offentlige ledere, der har ansvar for offentlig serviceproduktion, forene de fagprofessionelles...

  17. Når dagtilbud kobles til den nationale konkurrenceevne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejsler, John B.

    Hvor er dagtilbud for de 0-6-årige på vej hen, og hvad sker der med pædagog-professionen i lyset af udfordringerne fra moderniseringen af den offentlige sektor? Med udgangspunkt i policy-diskurser om kvalitetsreform og global vidensøkonomi kortlægger kapitlet, hvorledes nye vilkår for dagtilbud f...... de 0-6-årige i stigende grad skabes i omfattende styringskæder, der går fra trans-nationale aktører (OECD, EU m.m.) over national policy, Kommunernes Landsforening og kommuner til lokale organi-sationer. Det synliggøres herved, hvorledes dagtilbud for 0-6-årige integreres i de nationale...

  18. Omkostninger ved udvalgte landbrugstiltag til styrkelse af biodiversiteten i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, J. S.; Møller, F.; Birr-Pedersen, K.

    I rapporten præsenteres analyser udført for Wilhjelmudvalget af omkostningerne ved udvalgte tiltag på landbrugsområdet til styrkelse af biodiversiteten i Danmark. De økonomiske konsekvenser opgøres ved det budget- og velfærdsøkonomiske jordrentetab beregnet som forskellen i jordrenten ved den...... af eksisterende husdyrproduktion øges omkostningerne markant, medens ekstensivering af sætningstruede jorde eller arealer langs vandløb kan reducere omkostningerne. Det har ikke været muligt at inkludere de natur- og miljømæssige gevinster i analysen, men ved en prioritering mellem tiltagene, bør de...

  19. Adgang til sundhedsservice i yderområder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jens Fyhn Lykke; Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    Denne undersøgelse har til formål at belyse motiver bag landlig og urban bosætning. I særdeleshed fokuseres på, om udbuddet af sundhedsydelser har afgørende betydning for bosætningen og - i så fald - om anvendelsen af eHealth løsninger kan modvirke en fraflytning af borgere i egne, der er ramt af...... det enkelte individ og for befolkningsgrupper som sådan. Overordnet tyder undersøgelsen på, at bosætning i land og by i al væsentlighed er et spørgsmål om to forskellige livsstile. Beboere på landet sætter pris på naturen og roen på landet. Beboere i byen har i højere grad valgt byen som bosted af job...

  20. Effects of protein restriction in utero on the metabolism of mink dams (Neovison vison) and on mink kit survival as well as on postnatal growth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vesterdorf, Kristine Høvelt; Harrison, Adrian Paul; Matthiesen, Connie Marianne Frank;

    2012-01-01

    Protein restriction in utero may give rise to re-stricted growth as well as induce metabolically related diseases. In order to determine the suit-ability of mink as an animal model for metabolism studies, the effects of protein restriction during gestation on dam and kit performance must first be......, P < 0.001) and were shorter (6.2 vs 7.6 cm, P < 0.001) than AP fetuses, however, differences might have been due to different implantation times. LP kits weighed 8.5% less than AP kits at birth, and remained lighter until 21 days of age. The LP diet caused growth restriction and increased kit...

  1. Genetic variation and population structure of American mink Neovison vison from PCB-contaminated and non-contaminated locales in eastern North America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirgin, Isaac; Maceda, Lorraine; Waldman, John; Mayack, David T

    2015-11-01

    American mink Neovison vison may be particularly vulnerable to toxicities of persistent contaminants such as PCBs because of their aquatic-based diet, position near the top of the food web, and small deme sizes. Furthermore, ranched mink are sensitive to reproductive toxicities of fish diets from PCB-polluted sites. The upper Hudson River is highly contaminated with PCBs and previous studies have shown elevated hepatic burdens of total and coplanar PCBs in mink collected near the river compared with those from more distant locales in New York and elsewhere. We hypothesized that bioaccumulation of PCBs in Hudson River mink has reduced their levels of genetic diversity or altered their genetic population structure. To address this, we conducted microsatellite DNA analysis on collections made in proximity to and from more distant locales in the Hudson River watershed, elsewhere in New York State, and at other sites in eastern North America including New Brunswick, four locales in Ontario, multiple drainages in Maine, and two ecoregions in Rhode Island. We did not find reduced genetic diversity at the individual or population levels in mink collected near (State and elsewhere. Depending on the analytical approach used, genetically distinct populations numbered between 16 when using STRUCTURE to 19-20 when using Exact G tests, F ST, or AMOVA analyses. Genetically distinct population units were found among major ecoregions and minor ecoregions in New York State, among different hydrologic subunits within the Hudson River watershed, among spatially separate locales in Ontario, and among most watersheds in Maine. However, despite this localization and potential heightened impact of stressors, genetic diversity and genetic population structure in mink does not seem to be affected by their bioaccumulation of high levels of PCBs of Hudson River origin. PMID:26374638

  2. Effect of low-protein diet with supplementing different levels of DL-methionine on production performance of minks in growing-furring period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hai-hua; LI Guang-yu; XING Xiu-mei; REN Er-jun; YANG Ying; YANG Fu-he

    2012-01-01

    A study was conducted to evaluate production performance of minks in growing-furring period with supplementing DL-Methionine (Met) in low protein diet.Seventy healthy male minks were randomly divided into five groups of 14 minks each.The minks were fed in five kinds of experiment diets (HP,LP,LP+M1,LP+M2 and LP+M3).The dietary protein levels,expressed as percentage of dry matter (DM),were 32% (high protein,HP) and 24% (low protein,LP).LP was supplemented with Met 0.4% (M1),0.8% (M2) and 1.2% (M3) DM.From mid of September to December 10,apparent digestibility of CP (crude protein),N intake and urinary N excretion were decreased with declining dietary protein levels (p < 0.05) and N retained was the highest in treatment LP+M2.No significant difference was found in total serum protein (TP) and serum urea nitrogen (SUN) among all treatment groups (p >0.05).Skin length of treatment HP and LP+M2 was higher than that of other groups (p < 0.05):Body length,skin weight,length of guard hair and under hair were not affected by different dietary protein levels (p>0.05).The best performance could be observed in treatment LP+M2.In diet,24% (DM) protein level with 1.54% Met supplementing was enough for minks during growing-timing period.Dietary protein lowered from 32% to 24% with supplementing Met in diets would result in a 37.9% decrease in urinary N excretion.Furthermore,addition of Met in diets for minks would be beneficial in terms of reducing feed expenses and lessening nitrogen emissions to the environment.

  3. Madspild i fødevaresektoren – fra primærproduktion til detailled

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Lisbeth; Hermansen, John Erik; Knudsen, Marie Trydeman

    Forbruget af fødevarer og drikkevarer er ansvarlig for 20-30 procent af den samlede miljøbelastning fra det totale private og offentlige forbrug i EU. Det er derfor vigtigt, at fødevarerne udnyttes optimalt. Hvis maden ikke bliver spist og smides ud, belastes miljøet til ingen nytte. Derfor har e......, tilberedning, til servering af mad. Dette notat fokuserer på madspild i den del af fødevarekæden, der går fra primærproduktion til og med detailled og storkøkkener. Endvidere er der foretaget en vurdering af madspildets betydning for klimaaftrykket....

  4. Omsetning av metylklorid til hydrokarboner over H-SAPO-34 og H-SSZ-13

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Metylklorid-til-hydrokarboner (MeXTH)-prosessen er et trinn i oppgraderingen av naturgass til alkener. Prosessen unngår produksjon av syntesegass som er en energikrevende prosess. I dette arbeidet sammenlignes to mikroporøse katalysatorer til MeXTH-prosessen, zeolitten H-SSZ-13 og zeotypen H-SAPO-34. Begge katalysatorene har CHA-topologien, men har ulik syrestyrke på grunn av forskjellig nettverkskomposisjon. Katalysatorene ble testet i en stasjonær-sjikt-reaktor, og reaksjonstemperaturen...

  5. Tumor associated antigen specific T-cell populations identified in ex vivo expanded TIL cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Junker, Niels; Kvistborg, Pia; Køllgaard, Tania;

    2012-01-01

    Ex vivo expanded tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) from malignant melanoma (MM) and head & neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) share a similar oligoclonal composition of T effector memory cells, with HLA class I restricted lysis of tumor cell lines. In this study we show that ex vivo expanded...... TILs from MM and HNSCC demonstrate a heterogeneous composition in frequency and magnitude of tumor associated antigen specific populations by Elispot IFN¿ quantitation. TILs from MM and HNSCC shared reactivity towards NY ESO-1, cyclin B1 and Bcl-x derived peptides. Additionally we show that dominating...

  6. Effects of persistent organochlorine exposure on the liver transcriptome of the common minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) from the North Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niimi, Satoko; Imoto, Mai; Kunisue, Tatsuya; Watanabe, Michio X; Kim, Eun-Young; Nakayama, Kei; Yasunaga, Genta; Fujise, Yoshihiro; Tanabe, Shinsuke; Iwata, Hisato

    2014-10-01

    Hepatic concentrations of persistent organochlorines (OCs) were determined in the common minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) from the North Pacific. To investigate the effects of OCs on the transcriptome in the minke whale, the present study constructed a hepatic oligo array of this species where 985 unique oligonucleotides were spotted and further analyzed the relationship between the OC levels and gene expression profiles of liver tissues. The stepwise multiple linear regression analysis identified 32 genes that correlated with hepatic OC levels. The mRNA expression levels of seven cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes, CYP1A1, 1A2, 2C78, 2E1, 3A72, 4A35, and 4V6 showed no clear correlations with the concentration of each OC, suggesting that the accumulated OCs in the liver did not reach levels that could alter CYP expression. Among the genes screened by the custom oligo array analysis, hepatic mRNA expression levels of 16 genes were further measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The mRNA levels of vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) were negatively correlated with non-ortho coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels. Androgen receptor-associated coregulator 70 (ARA70) expression levels showed a significant positive correlation with concentrations of non-ortho coplanar PCB169. These correlations suggest that coplanar PCB-reduced DBP expression could suppress vitamin D receptor-mediated signaling cascades in peripheral tissues. Alternatively, the suppression of vitamin D receptor signaling cascade could be enhanced through competition with the androgen receptor signaling pathway for ARA70. In addition, a negative correlation between kynureninase and PCB169 levels was also observed, which suggest an enhanced accumulation of an endogenous aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist, kynurenine in the minke whale population. Further studies are necessary to translate the changes in the transcriptome to toxicological outcomes including

  7. Synnytyslaulu kätilön työkaluksi : Koulutusiltapäivä kätilöopiskelijoille

    OpenAIRE

    Hästbacka, Laura

    2013-01-01

    Synnytyskivun lievitys ja synnytyspelot ovat tämän päivän polttavia puheenaiheita kätilötyössä. Synnytyksessä synnyttäjän hallinnan- ja turvallisuuden tunteella sekä kätilön tuella nähdään olevan suuri merkitys siinä, millaiseksi kokemus synnytyksestä muodostuu ja kuinka synnytys etenee. Kun kyseessä on kivunlievitys, kätilöllä tulee olla laaja kirjo erilaisia menetelmiä käytössään pystyäkseen toimimaan yhteistyössä erilaisten synnyttäjien kanssa heitä tukevasti. Synnytyslaulu nähdään yhtenä ...

  8. tilö tuberkuloosin ja isorokon vastustustyössä vuosien 1896—2014 Kätilölehtien mukaan

    OpenAIRE

    Tauriainen, Maija; Mulari, Helene

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö on osa Metropolia Ammattikorkeakoulun Tukholmankadun toimipisteessä sijaitsevan Hoitotyön koulutuksen museon projektia. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on lisätä tietoa kätilön tekemästä tuberkuloosin vastustustyöstä 1900-luvulla sekä kätilön tekemästä rokottamistyöstä 1900-luvun alussa. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on tuoda systemaattisesti esiin Kätilölehdissä vuosina 1896—2014 ilmestyneiden tuberkuloosia ja rokottamista koskevien artikkelien sisällöt. Opinnäytetyön päälähteenä o...

  9. Tillæg til rapport om Havvindmøller i Nissum Bredning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Thomas Ruby; Larsen, Torben

    Nærværende rapport er udført for NOE, A.m.b.a. og Nissum Bredning Vindmølle Laug af Aalborg Universitet, Institut for Byggeri og Anlæg i henhold til konsulentaftale af 30.11.2011, som tillæg til tidligere rapport jf. konsulentaftale af 6.7.2010. /1/. Dette tillæg omfatter kun den såkaldte dæmning...

  10. Fra det spontane til det formelle – å språksette kunnskap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alrø, Helle; Johnsen- Høines, Marit

    2013-01-01

    undersøkende tilnærming til dette tema kommer de fram til, at især skriftlig kommunikasjon demper eller hemmer kreative kvaliteter ved læreprosesser. De erfarer at elevene ikke språksetter det de kan, når de formulerer seg skriftlig. De blir opptatt av didaktiske implikasjoner av dette fenomenet både på et...

  11. Situationsbaseret Ledelse - En analyse af lederes evne til at vekselvirke mellem fire ledelsesstile

    OpenAIRE

    Fahnøe, Mads; Rasmussen, Nicolai Herring; Weber, Søren Lauszus

    2014-01-01

    Dette projekt har til formål at analysere hvordan opfattelsen af lederes evne til at vekselvirke mellem de fire ledelsesstile i Situationsbaseret Ledelse, kan nuanceres ved hjælp af eksisterende ledelsesteori. Gennem en hermeneutisk videnskabsteoretisk tilgang og en hypotetisk-deduktiv metode, analyseres det hvorledes de følgende teorier; Trait-, Skill- og Style-approach, Contingency- og Path-Goal- Theory, Transactional analysis, Transformational Leadership og GLOBE, kan udvide forståelsen fo...

  12. Vejledning af og støtte til studerende med psykisk sårbarhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønkjær, Lene Gertsen

    2015-01-01

    Vejledning af og støtte til studerende med psykisk sår-barhed: Fremlæggelse af delresultater fra "Projekt vejledning af og støtte til studerende med psykisk sår-barhed". Delresultaterne har 2 foki: 1 med fokus på hvordan studerende med ADHD og depression beskriver deres læringsforudsætninger i kl...

  13. Designprocesser og arbejdsmiljø: Udvikling af ny teknologi til fødevareindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broberg, Ole

    1999-01-01

    Dette papir handler om muligheder og betingelser for at inddrage arbejdsmiljøhensyn i designprocesser. Baggrunden for det er, at jeg har haft mulighed for at følge udviklingen af en ny maskine til fødevareindustrien næsten lige fra de grundlæggende idéer blev udviklet og foreløbig frem til i dag,...

  14. Logopedar sin kjennskap til pustevanskar og VCD : Ei kartleggingsundersøking.

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Trass i at det er ein pågåande diskusjon rundt diagnosen, blir logopedar i hyppig nemnt som behandlande instans ved diagnosen VCD (vocal cord dysfunction). Med utgangspunkt i problemstillinga: ”kva kjennskap har norske logopedar til pustevanskar og VCD”, forsøkjer ein i dette mastergradprosjektet å kartleggje norske logopedar sin kjennskap gjennom respondentane si erfaring, interesse og kompetansen deira knytt til pustevanskar og VCD. Oppgåva baserer seg på kvantitativ forskingsstrategi, ...

  15. Prisen Årets studenter start-up går til Drop Bucket

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Lisbeth

    2015-01-01

    DTU’s ny pris for årets mest innovative studerende blev ved universitetets årsfest givet til Heiða Gunnarsdóttir Nolsøe og Marie Stampe Berggreen, som står bag virksomheden Drop Bucket. Koncerndirektør for innovation og entreprenørskab, Marianne Thellersen, overakte prisen til de to innovatører s...

  16. A large insertion in intron 2 of the TYRP1 gene associated with American Palomino phenotype in American mink.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirera, Susanna; Markakis, Marios Nektarios; Kristiansen, Thea; Vissenberg, Kris; Fredholm, Merete; Christensen, Knud; Anistoroaei, Razvan

    2016-04-01

    A number of American mink phenotypes display a range of brownish colours. One of these phenotypes, namely American Palomino (b (P) b (P) ) (AP) has been found to be associated with the tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1) gene by genotyping microsatellite markers in one sire family. Trials for amplifying the genomic DNA and cDNA at the beginning of intron 2 of AP TYRP1 revealed the presence of a large insertion of approximately eight kb. The insertion most likely disrupts different elements necessary for the splicing of intron 2 of the TYRP1 gene. In AP RNAseq data indicate, however, the presence of the wild-type (wt) transcript at very low levels and Western blot reveals three products when using an antibody raised against middle part of the TYRP1 protein. One individual from another brown mink phenotype-commercially named Dawn-was also investigated at the molecular level by long-range PCR and the same size insertion appears to be present. By this we suggest that certain modifiers of TYRP1 would induce different brown colour degradation, which results in at least two different phases of brown. PMID:26886941

  17. Endogenous zinc excretion in relation to various levels of dietary zinc intake in the mink (Mustela vison)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endogenous zinc excretion was studied in adult male mink fed experimental diets for 73 d, including a collection period from d 69 to 73. Dietary zinc levels were 2.8, 26 or 121 mg/kg wet weight. In accordance with the results of a methodological study, also reported here, the animals had an intramuscular injection of 65ZnCl2 12 d before the start of the collection period. Total fecal (endogenous + unabsorbed) zinc excretion for d 69-73 in the three groups was 2.3, 20.4 and 91.0 mg. The endogenous zinc excretion was 1.3, 2.0 and 6.4 mg, corresponding to 80.8, 10.6 and 6.4% of the zinc intake. Thus, the endogenous excretion was mainly important for the zinc homeostasis at low zinc intake, whereas at high intake the homeostasis was regulated via absorption from the digestive tract. The overall conclusion of the experiment was that mink are comparable to other species (including man) in regard to mechanisms controlling zinc homeostasis

  18. Nitrogen and energy balance in growing mink (Mustela vison) fed different levels of bacterial protein meal produced with natural gas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellwing, Anne Louise Frydendahl; Tauson, Anne-Helene; Ahlstrøm, Øystein;

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of increasing the dietary content of bacterial protein meal (BPM) on energy and protein metabolism in growing mink kits. Sixteen male mink kits of the standard brown genotype were randomly fed one of four diets: A control (Diet III) and 60......% (Diet IV) of the digested nitrogen (DN) was replaced with BPM. Nitrogen balance and respiration experiments (indirect calorimetry) were carried out when the animals were approximately 9.5, 14.5, 17.5, 23.5 and 28.5 weeks of age. The apparent digestibility of crude protein and energy decreased...... significantly with increasing dietary BPM. The retained nitrogen was 0.45, 0.54, 0.52 and 0.40 g/kg0,75 on Diets I, II, III and IV, respectively, the observed differences between diets being non-significant (p=0.06). Heat production (HE) was between 645 and 665 kJ/kg0.75 on all diets (p=0.78). retained energy...

  19. A fast and robust method for whole genome sequencing of the Aleutian Mink Disease Virus (AMDV) genome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagberg, Emma E; Krarup, Anders; Fahnøe, Ulrik; Larsen, Lars E; Dam-Tuxen, Rebekka; Pedersen, Anders G

    2016-08-01

    Aleutian Mink Disease Virus (AMDV) is a frequently encountered pathogen associated with commercial mink breeding. AMDV infection leads to increased mortality and compromised animal health and welfare. Currently little is known about the molecular evolution of the virus, and the few existing studies have focused on limited regions of the viral genome. This paper describes a robust, reliable, and fast protocol for amplification of the full AMDV genome using long-range PCR. The method was used to generate next generation sequencing data for the non-virulent cell-culture adapted AMDV-G strain as well as for the virulent AMDV-Utah strain. Comparisons at nucleotide- and amino acid level showed that, in agreement with existing literature, the highest variability between the two virus strains was found in the left open reading frame, which encodes the non-structural (NS1-3) genes. This paper also reports a number of differences that potentially can be linked to virulence and host range. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to apply next generation sequencing on the entire AMDV genome. The results from the study will facilitate the development of new diagnostic tools and can form the basis for more detailed molecular epidemiological analyses of the virus. PMID:27060623

  20. Albinism in the american mink (Neovison vison) is associated with a tyrosinase nonsense mutation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Fredholm, Merete; Christensen, Knud;

    2008-01-01

    sequences from wild-type and albino mink samples identified a nonsense mutation in exon 1, which converts a TGT codon encoding cysteine to a TGA stop codon (c.138T>A, p.C46X; EU627590). The mutation truncates more than 90% of the normal gene product including the putative catalytic domains. The results...

  1. QTL-mapping in mink (Neovison vison) shows evidence for QTL for guard hair thickness, guard hair length and skin length

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thirstrup, Janne Pia; Labouriau, Rodrigo; Guldbrandtsen, Bernt; Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Christensen, Knud; Fredholm, Merete; Nielsen, Vivi Hunnicke

    2011-01-01

    short nap, 103 F1 and 934 F2) were marker typed and recorded for the three presented fur quality traits. For the QTL-analyses a regression analysis implemented in QTL Express software was used. Evidence was found for the existence of QTL for guard hair length, guard hair thickness and density of wool on......Fur quality in mink (Neovison vison) is a composite trait, consisting of e.g. guard hair length, guard hair thickness and density of wool. A genome wide QTL search was performed to detect QTL for fur quality traits in mink. Here we present the results of QTL analyses for guard hair length, guard...... hair thickness and density of wool. Data from an F2-cross was analysed across fourteen chromosomes using 100 microsatellites as markers with a spacing of approximately 20 cM. The two lines used for the F2-cross were Nordic wild mink and American short nap mink. In total 1,083 animals (21 wild type, 25...

  2. Predation of the alien American mink Mustela vison on native crayfish populations in middle-sized streams in central and western Bohemia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fischer, D.; Pavluvčík, P.; Sedláček, František; Šálek, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 1 (2009), s. 45-56. ISSN 0139-7893 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520 Keywords : mink diet * stone crayfish * prey selectivity * density-dependent predation * Czech Republic Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 0.357, year: 2009

  3. Running in a running wheel substitutes for stereotypies in mink (Mustela vison) but does it improve their welfare?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Steffen W; Damgaard, Birthe Marie

    2009-01-01

    This experiment investigated whether access to a running wheel affects the development of stereotypies during restricted feeding and whether selection for high or low levels of stereotypy affects the use of the running wheel. Sixty-two female mink kept in standard cages and selected for high or low...

  4. Bistand til risikovurdering (evt. ændring af tidligere risikovurdering). Brassica napus (Ms8 x Rf3). Nye oplysninger til sagen: Hansteril, herbicidtolerant raps. Modtaget 29-10-2004, deadline 16-11-2004, svar 15-11-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Strandberg, Morten Tune; Damgaard, Christian

    2004-01-01

    "DMU har modtaget og vurderet de fremsendte supplerende oplysninger (brev fra Skov- og Naturstyrelsen d. 27-10-2004) vedr. ansøgning om tilladelse til markedsføring af genetisk modificeret raps C/BE/96/01 (MS8xRF3) til import og videreforarbejdning til fødevarer og foderbrug. Vi har gennemgået op...

  5. Bistand til risikovurdering (evt. ændringer af tidligere risikovurdering). Oryza sativa (LLRICE62). Supplerende oplysninger til ansøgningen. Modtaget 22-07-2004, deadline 12-08-2004, svar 10-08-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Strandberg, Morten Tune; Damgaard, Christian

    2003-01-01

    "DMU har modtaget de nye oplysninger (brev fra Skov- og Naturstyrelsen d. 22-07-2004) om ansøgning om tilladelse til markedsføring af genetisk modificeret ris C/GB/03/M5/3 (LLRICE62) til import og videre-forarbejdning. Vi har gennemgået ansøgerens svar til spørgsmålene fra de enkelte lande i det ...

  6. Bistand til risikovurdering (evt. ændringer af konklusioner af tidligere risikovurdering) . Zea mays (MON863; MON863x810). Opdateret rammenotat samt supplerende oplysninger til sagen. Modtaget 28-10-2004, deadline: snarest muligt, svar 01-11-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, Morten Tune; Damgaard, Christian; Kjellsson, Gøsta

    2004-01-01

    "Vedr. C/DE/02/09: Om Monsantos svar på Pusztai’s kritik giver anledning til ændring af DMU’s kommentarer til GM-majs MON863. Uanset om effekterne er tilfældige elller ej, er størrelsen af de mulige effekter på rotternes sundhed uden betydning i relation til den økologiske risikovurdering. Dermed...

  7. SNS ønsker DMUs kommentarer til et rammenotat om GMO. Bidrag til kommenteret dagsorden om politisk drøftelse om GMO-området på Rådsmødet (miljø) den 9. marts. Modtaget 13-02-2006, deadline 14-02-2006, svar 14-02-2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Strandberg, Morten Tune; Damgaard, Christian

    2006-01-01

    "Hovedparten af de importerede GMOer søges kun godkendt til import til anvendelse i fødevarer eller til foder, men ikke til dyrkning eller opformering. De kan derfor kun forårsage uønskede effekter på naturen, hvis der sker en tilfældig, utilsigtet spredning. Risikovurderingen af de mulige økolog...

  8. Offentlig høring af udkast til miljøtilstandsrapporten - Natur og Miljø 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Christian

    2009-01-01

    Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser ved Aarhus Universitet (DMU) har netop udsendt sit udkast til den næste danske miljøtilstandsrapport, Natur og Miljø 2009, i offentlig høring. Alle indbydes til at sende deres kommentarer til rapporten så de er DMU i hænde senest den 8. september kl. 12.00.......Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser ved Aarhus Universitet (DMU) har netop udsendt sit udkast til den næste danske miljøtilstandsrapport, Natur og Miljø 2009, i offentlig høring. Alle indbydes til at sende deres kommentarer til rapporten så de er DMU i hænde senest den 8. september kl. 12.00....

  9. Retten til privathed i det danske sundhedsvæsen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanne Pihl Bjerre

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Formålet med nærværende oversigtsartikel er at undersøge den stigende digitalisering og deling af personlige informationer i sundhedsvæsenet, samt hvilke etiske udfordringer denne udvikling har for den enkelte borger. Mere præcis vil vi rammesætte denne diskussion i en dansk kontekst eksemplificeret ved Det Fælles Medicinkort. Det Fælles Medicinkort er en obligatorisk database for danske borgere indeholdende informationer om patienters medicinske historie to år tilbage. Denne database kan tilgås af en bred vifte af sundhedsprofessionelle i Danmark (Bekendtgørelse om Lægemiddelstyrelsens elektroniske registrering af de enkelte borgeres medicinoplysninger 2011.På trods af lovede sundhedsmæssige fordele, såsom en højere grad af sikkerhed i forbindelse med medicinering, en øget effektivisering af sundhedsvæsenet og dermed besparelser på de offentlige budgetter, plæderer vi i artiklen for, at implementeringen af Det Fælles Medicinkort kompromitterer den enkeltes privathed. Den enkelte borger er ikke i tilstrækkelig grad informeret om brugen af Det Fælles Medicinkort. Ydermere finder vi ikke, at borgerens autonomi i forhold til indholdet af personlige oplysninger i Det Fælles Medicinkort er opretholdt på en tilfredsstillende måde.Artiklens primære perspektiv er deontologisk, men for at nuancere vores diskussion inddrages lejlighedsvist også utilitaristiske argumenter. Endvidere inddrages i artiklen Helen Nissenbaum, Tom L. Beauchamp og James F. Childress samt John Rawls. I artiklen vil tre konkrete problemstillinger blive diskuteret i relation til Det Fælles Medicinkort: (1 Deler vi relevante og passende data? (2 Er distributionen af disse data til en så bred vifte af sundhedsprofessionelle på sin plads? Og slutteligt: (3 Er den enkelte borgers beslutningsdygtighed, og dermed mulighed for autonomi i forhold til personrelaterede informationer, tilstrækkelig.Nøgleord: digitalisering, privathed, Danmark, sundhedsv

  10. Age-dependent baseline values of faecal cortisol metabolites in the American mink (Neovison vison) under semi-natural housing conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauch, E; Bergmann, S; Hagn, A; Meixensperger, J; Reese, S; Palme, R; Erhard, M H

    2014-06-01

    The welfare of an animal is ensured if it is able to fully satisfy its essential species-typical needs in all functional aspects of behaviour. In mink, stereotypies and apathy, internal and/or external injuries as well as increased susceptibility to disease have been known to occur as a result of chronic stress. The non-invasive method of analysing faecal cortisol metabolites (FCM) allows conclusions to be drawn about the stress level in the respective housing system. The objective of this study is to find out how the cortisol metabolites content in the faecal changes with increasing age of the mink under semi-natural housing conditions. Thus, 40 American mink (Neovison vison) were housed in two outdoor enclosures imitating natural conditions. Throughout the entire study (13th to 32nd week of life), faecal samples were collected to measure cortisol metabolites. No differences in FCM concentrations between the two outdoor enclosures were found. In the young mink lower, less fluctuating FCM levels were found than in older animals. After the first faecal collection in the 13th/14th week of life, the level of metabolites decreased slightly (p = 0.032; 17th/18th week). From the 22nd/23rd week onwards until the 30th/31st week, shortly before the animals were pelted, continuously increasing concentrations were then measured. Increasing FCM levels with advancing age of the animals are probably attributable to the onset of sexual maturity and/or the respective season. This has to be taken into account in future studies using this method for assessing welfare and when comparing different mink housing systems. PMID:24033508

  11. Færdig til tiden - sådan planlægger og styrer du specialet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Annegrethe

    Du bliver færdig til tiden, hvis du planlægger fra starten. Dette hæfte giver planlægnings- og styringsredskaber til opgaveskrivning, som hjælper dig med at undgå stress og med at arbejde effektivt gennem alle faserne: Fra emnevalg og det første overblik over arbejdet til færdiggørelse og...

  12. The development of the endotheliochorial mink placenta: light microscopy and scanning electron microscopical morphometry of maternal vascular casts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfarrer, C; Winther, H; Leiser, R; Dantzer, V

    1999-01-01

    The development of the mink endotheliochorial placenta has been studied by means of light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy of maternal vascular corrosion casts. The placental blood vessels of three groups of mink, representing early, intermediate and near-term gestational ages were either perfusion fixed for histology, or instilled with liquid plastic in order to prepare vascular casts, which were examined qualitatively and/or quantitatively. The maternal component of the placental vascular system evolves from preimplantation blood vessels between the endometrial glands, into which the initial feto-maternal contact is made. The influence of highly invasive syncytiotrophoblast provokes a transition of the maternal capillaries into extensively anastomosing sinusoids with a subsequent modification of their endothelial cells into large cells with luminal protrusions. Three-dimensionally, the sinusoids are arranged as vascular crypts. This implies a villous-crypt type of interdigitation for the mink, but since the fetal capillaries surround the maternal sinusoids as a dense network a labyrinth is formed. The vascular crypts are supplied by very short arterioles, branching from maternal stem arteries, which arise from branches of the uterine artery and move straight to the surface of the endometrium. Venous outlets of the sinusoids converge onto venules and large stem veins in the deepest portion of the endometrium. This architectural pattern persists until term. Morphometry was used to confirm the qualitative observations in vascular casts. The diameter of maternal vascular crypts significantly increased from 137.3+/-21.9 microm in early gestation up to 217.8+/-80.9 microm in the intermediate stage and 431.8+/-119.5 microm near-term, when compared to the paraplacental zone in early gestation (82.2+/-19.5 microm). The capillary or sinusoidal diameter also increased significantly from intermediate stage (42.9+/-11.8 microm) to near term (60.1+/-16.7 microm

  13. 日粮添加高铜对幼龄水貂生长的影响%Effect of High Copper Level Diets on Growth of Young Minks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志光; 刘宝东; 张光超; 马泽芳

    2011-01-01

    This test was conducted to study the effects of different copper levels and high copper level diets on growth of young minks.Seventy healthy minks at the age of 80-day were randomly divided into 7 groups with 10 minks in each group.The minks in control group were fed with experimental diet with copper level of 5.98 mg/kg;Copper was supplemented into six treatment group diets with levels of 210 mg/kg,220 mg/kg,240 mg/kg,250 mg/kg,260 mg/kg and 310 mg/kg,respectively.The experiment lasted for 60 days.According to the examination and analysis of the minks' growth,the results showed that:the growth of minks in group 1,group 2,group 3 and group 4 were higher than those in control group;the growth of minks in group 4 was the highest,the growth of minks in group 5 and group 6 reduced.In conclusion,when the diet was supplemented with 250 mg/kg copper and the copper level of diet arrived at 255.98 mg/kg,the growth of young minks was optimal,excess copper in diet would inhibit the growth of minks.%通过在幼龄水貂基础日粮中添加不同水平的铜探讨高铜日粮对水貂生长的影响.选取70只80日龄的健康水貂随机分成7组,每组10只,对照组水貂饲喂含铜5.98 mg/kg的基础日粮,6个试验组分别在基础日粮中添加210、220、240、250、260、310 mg/kg的铜,试验期60 d.饲养试验和生长速度测定分析结果表明:与对照组相比添加铜的1~4组对水貂的生长均有显著的促进作用,第4组水貂生长速度达到最大,第5组和第6组水貂生长速度减慢.由此可知:高铜日粮对幼龄水貂的生长有促进作用,日粮中添加250 mg/kg铜为幼龄水貂生长的最佳添加量,此时饲料中的总铜质量分数为255.98 mg/kg;日粮中添加过高剂量的铜会抑制水貂的生长.

  14. Report on Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Event UMESE0501Sp: Multispecies Mass Stranding of Pilot Whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus), Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), and Dwarf Sperm Whales (Kogia sima) in North Carolina on 15-16 January 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Hohn, Aleta A.; Rotstein, David S.; Craig A. Harms; Southall, Brandon L.

    2006-01-01

    On 15-16 January 2005, three offshore species of cetaceans (33 short-finned pilot whales, Globicephala macrorhynchus, one minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, and two dwarf sperm whales, Kogia sima) stranded alive on the beaches of North Carolina. The pilot whales stranded near Oregon Inlet, the minke whale in northern North Carolina, and the dwarf sperm whales near Cape Hatteras. Live strandings of three species in one weekend was unique in North Carolina and qualified as an Unusual Mort...

  15. The effects of feed restriction on physical activity, body weight, physiology, haematology and immunology in female mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Birthe Marie; Dalgaard, Tina Sørensen; Larsen, Torben;

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate if adult mink females characterised as having a high or low residual feed intake (RFI) differed in their response to feed restriction with regard to activity, body weight loss and physiological parameters. For RFI-High, the activity was higher prior...... to the expected feeding time both in the cases of restrictive and ad libitum feeding indicating a changed RFI-High feeding motivation and a higher risk of developing stereotypic activity. The body weight gain and the feed consumption were higher for RFI-High than for RFI-Low when feeding ad libitum...... indicating that RFI-High has a higher growth potential and/or a higher energy requirement than RFI-Low. Signs of immunosuppression were shown in connection with restrictive feeding compared to ad libitum feeding, and RFI-High females seemed to be more susceptible to immunosuppression than RFI-Low females...

  16. Heterosis in the second and third generation affects litter size in a crossbreed mink (Neovison vison population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thirstrup Janne

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Litter sizes in a cross between Brown and Black mink color types were observed through six generations. Litter size was significantly affected by yearly environmental variations. After adjusting for year effects, we found significant increases in litter size in the second and third generations (F2 and F3 after crossing. Thereafter, in the following generations, litter size dropped to a level comparable to the mean litter size of the midparent. Increased litter size in F2 compared to F1 indicated that maternal effects influenced litter size more than non-maternal effects. The heterosis was mainly caused by an increase in litter size compared to the Black parental line. This indicates that the Black line was affected by inbreeding depression prior to crossing. We also found that two-year old F1 females had significantly more offspring compared to one-year old F1 females.

  17. Breath test measurements in combination with indirect calorimetry for estimation of 13C-leucine oxidation in mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tauson, Anne-Helene; Ali, Abdalla; Kanska, Katarzyna;

    2000-01-01

    Gas exchange measurements by means of indirect calorimetry can be used to calculate quantitative substrate oxidation. The results represents average net oxidation values (substrate disappearance rate), but they cannot describe the dynamics of the oxidation processes. Breath test measurements...... to feeding and fasting. Twelve 1-year-old male mink (Mustela vison) were measured in each five consecutive periods by means of indirect calorimetry and simultaneous breath test. In Periods 1, 3 and 5, each lasting 3 days, the animals were fed ad libitum and Periods 2 and 4 were fasting periods, each of 48 h...... before measurements started and expired air was then sucked out of the respiration chamber and collected into breath bags at frequent intervals until 5.5 h after the start of measurements. The ratio of 13C/12C was measured by means of an IRIS infrared analyser and results are reported in terms of delta...

  18. Mechanisms involved in the spontaneous occurrence of diploid-triploid chimerism in the mink (Mustela vison) and chicken (Gallus domesticus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fechheimer, N S; Isakova, G K; Belyaev, D K

    1983-01-01

    Diploid-triploid chimeras have been observed both in man and in a number of laboratory and livestock animals. The mechanism(s) of their origin remains enigmatic. One approach is to calculate for each proposed mechanism the expected frequencies of zygotes bearing different gonosomic complements in the two cell lines. Observed samples are then compared with the expectations. The mechanisms that have been considered include: (1) fertilization of a blastomere, (2) absorption of the second polar body into a blastomere, (3) fertilization of the first polar body, (4) independent fertilization of both nuclei in binucleated oocytes, (5) fertilization of the second polar body as well as the egg, and (6) fusion of two eggs. The sample of minks comprised three preimplantation embryos, nine postimplantation embryos, and three neonatal pups, with gonosomic complements of 7 XX/XXX, 3 XX/XXY, 4XY/XXY, and 1 XY/XYY; the chicks comprised 13 embryos at 1 day of incubation, 1 embryo at 4 days, and one adult bird, with gonosomic complements of 5 ZZ/ZZZ, 1 ZZ/ZZW, 1 ZW/ZZZ, 3 ZW/ZZW, and 5 ZW/ZWW. If it is assumed that within each species all, or most, of the 2n/3n chimeras arise from the same mechanism, then the occurrence of a type that has an expected frequency of zero for a given proposed mechanism effectively eliminates that mechanism as a source. All of the chicks could have resulted from only one mechanism, viz., independent fertilization of both nuclei in binucleated oocytes. The sample of minks could have resulted from the same mechanism or from fertilization of a blastomere of a two-cell, 2n embryo. PMID:6578004

  19. Bistand til risikovurdering (evt. ændringer af tidligere risikovurdering). Zea mays (MON863; MON863x810). Supplerende materiale til ansøgningen. Modtaget 07-09-2004, deadline 19-09-2004, svar 17-09-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2012-01-01

    "DMU har modtaget og vurderet de supplerende oplysninger (mail fra Skov- og Naturstyrelsen d. 07-09-2004) til ansøgningen om tilladelse til markedsføring af genetisk modificeret majs C/DE/02/09 (MON863 og MON863 x MON810). Vi har gennemgået oplysningerne i det tilsendte materiale for at se om de ...

  20. Fra offer til kriger - at opnå et liv i balance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Lars Jørgen; Rodkjær, Lotte Ørneborg; Laursen, Tinne; Seeberg, Kirsten; Drouin, Marc; Sommer, Monike

    2015-01-01

    “Find din indre kriger og kom ud af din tilværelse som et sygdomsramt offer.” Det er en del af budskabet til en gruppe HIV-patienter fra et alternativt behandlingsforløb med indianeren, Hawk. Forløbet er kommet i stand på Skejby Sygehus, som samtidig har undersøgt den mentale effekt. Dokumentarfi......“Find din indre kriger og kom ud af din tilværelse som et sygdomsramt offer.” Det er en del af budskabet til en gruppe HIV-patienter fra et alternativt behandlingsforløb med indianeren, Hawk. Forløbet er kommet i stand på Skejby Sygehus, som samtidig har undersøgt den mentale effekt....... Dokumentarfilmen "Fra offer til kriger" stiller skarpt på hvorvidt denne type behandling kan være en del af et større paradigmeskift i sundhedssektoren....

  1. Et betydeligt løft til den økologiske svineproduktion

    OpenAIRE

    Pedersen, L.J.

    2014-01-01

    En gris mere pr. kuld og grise, der vejer et kilo mere vedfravænning: Det er de mål, som forskerne går efter i et nyt projekt, der sigter på at nedsætte pattegrisedødeligheden i den økologiske svineproduktion fra 33 til 20 procent. Frisk luft og frit løb – det er hverdagen for økologiske grise, der ser ud til at have det godt, når man ser på dem udfolde sig omkring deres hytter i marken. Der er imidlertid en bagside til medaljen. En ud af tre økologiske pattegrise dør, inden de når fravænn...

  2. GUIer gør godt - Introduktion til GUIer i Matlab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Niels Gjøl

    2003-01-01

    GUI er en forkortelse for 'Graphical User Interface', og det er en særdeles nyttig måde at visualisere sine data, og det gør det ligeledes på en simpel måde muligt at ændre enkelte parametrer i beregninger og se de fysiske, matematiske eller andre ændringer, som sker i forbindelse med ændringen a...... disse parametrer. Ydermere hjælper GUIer til, at der bliver skabt en grænse for, hvor meget brugeren kan ændre i programmet, da der ikke direkte kontakt til den bagvedliggende kode. Denne introduktion er skrevet til Matlab 6.5. R13....

  3. Introduktion til Niklas Luhmanns forskelslogiske epistemologi och systemisk operativ konstruktivistiske laeringsteori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fryd, Pernille Krogh

    Artiklen giver indledningsvis en introduktion til Niklas Luhmann´s komplekse modernitetsforståelse som baggrund for erkendelse og læring i et højkomplekst og moderne videnssamfund. I den forbindelse vises det hvordan samfundets tiltagende funktionelle uddifferentiering og de medfølgende kompleksi......Artiklen giver indledningsvis en introduktion til Niklas Luhmann´s komplekse modernitetsforståelse som baggrund for erkendelse og læring i et højkomplekst og moderne videnssamfund. I den forbindelse vises det hvordan samfundets tiltagende funktionelle uddifferentiering og de medfølgende...... tænkning som er konstituerende for Luhmann´s erkendelsesteoretiske grundlag og efterfølgende introducereres de systemteoretiske grundbegreber, der udgør grundlaget for hans operative konstruktivistiske læringsteori. Artiklen sætter herefter fokus på, hvordan Luhmann med reference til den strukturelle...

  4. Aircraft borne combined measurements of the Fukushima radionuclide Xe-133 and fossil fuel combustion generated pollutants in the TIL - Implications for Cyclone induced lift and TIL physical-chemical processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Frank; Schlager, Hans; Simgen, Hardy; Aufmhoff, Heinfried; Baumann, Robert; Lindemann, Sigfried; Rauch, Ludwig; Kaether, Frank; Pirjolla, Liisa; Schumann, Ulrich

    2013-04-01

    The radionuclide Xe-133, released by the March 2011 nuclear disaster at Fukushima/Daiichi (hereafter FD), represents an ideal tracer for atmospheric transport. We report the, to our best knowledge, only aircraft borne measurements of FD Xe-133 in the Tropopause Inversion Layer (TIL), indicating rapid lift of Xe-133 rich planetary boundary layer air to the TIL. On the same research aircraft (FALCON), we have also conducted on-line measurements of fossil fuel combustion generated pollutant gases (SO2, NOx, HNO3,NOy), which were found to have increased concentrations in the TIL. In addition, we have conducted supporting model simulations of transport, chemical processes, and aerosol processes. Our investigations reveal a potentially important influence of East-Asian cyclone induced pollutants transport to the TIL, particularly influencing aerosol formation in the TIL.

  5. El Mercado Alternativo Bursátil: una novedosa oportunidad para las empresas familiares

    OpenAIRE

    Duréndez Gómez Guillamón, Antonio Luis; García Pérez De Lema, Domingo; Mariño Garrido, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    Con la entrada en funcionamiento del Mercado Alternativo Bursátil en España, las empresas familiares de menor capitalización tienen la posibilidad de cotizar en un mercado bursátil diseñado para pymes. Actualmente, con una profunda crisis de origen financiero, el MAB gana una especial relevancia como estrategia alternativa para conseguir financiación y así superar la fuerte restricción en el acceso al crédito bancario. No obstante, las empresas familiares no se podrán ben...

  6. Velferdsteknologi : en teoretisk studie knyttet til ledelsesmessige utfordringer ved implementering av velferdsteknologi innen helse og omsorg.

    OpenAIRE

    Fiskvik, Inger Lise

    2015-01-01

    Dette er en masteravhandling hvor jeg har utforsket problemstillingen rundt noen av de utfordringer norske kommuner har i forhold til implementering av velferdsteknologi. Arbeidet med denne masteravhandlingen har vært en prosess fra jeg bestemte meg for valg av tema, til jeg nå sitter med en avhandling som gjennom analyser har gitt meg både mulige svar på problemstillingen, men også nye spørsmål. For meg har det vært spennende og interessant å forske på et nytt tema som velferdsteknologi er, ...

  7. Pappa til (hjemme)tjeneste : hvilke fedre tar fødselspermisjon?

    OpenAIRE

    Lappegård, Trude

    2003-01-01

    En egen fedrekvote av fødselspermisjonen ble innført i 1993 med hensikt å få flere fedre til å ta del i barneomsorgen den første leveåret. Mange fedre benytter muligheten til å bruke sin eksklusive del av permisjonen, men få deler permisjonstiden som er felles for begge foreldrene. I en analyse av hva som påvirker fars bruk av fødselspermisjonen, finner vi at hvor foreldrene jobber, er viktig for hvorvidt far tar permisjon: Jobber mor innenfor næringen helse og sosiale tjenester og undervisni...

  8. Sistema portátil de medida de dispositivos sometidos a ensayos en campo

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Lapausa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    El proyecto fin de carrera “Sistema Portátil de Medida de Dispositivos Sometidos a Ensayos en Campo” es un proyecto acometido para el desarrollo y evaluación de un sistema de medición portátil y confiable, que permita la realización de mediciones de curvas I-V en campo, en condiciones reales de funcionamiento. Dado que la finalidad de este proyecto fin de carrera es la obtención de un sistema para la realización de mediciones en campo, en la implementación del proyecto se tendrán como requ...

  9. Kommissionens forslag til en forordning om statut for den Europæiske almennyttige fond (FE)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis Hansen, Søren

    2012-01-01

    Den 8. februar 2012 offentliggjorde Kommissionen et officielt forslag til en Forordning om den Europæiske almennyttige Fond (“FE”). Forslaget indeholder en række civilretlige regler, der skal gælde for Europæiske almennyttige fonde. Desuden indeholder forslaget regler om, at de enkelte medlemssta...... medlemsstater skal behandle Europæiske almennyttige fonde efter de samme skatteretlige regler, som gælder for hjemmehørende almennyttige fonde. I artiklen præsenteres Kommissionens forslag til statut for den europæiske almennyttige fond i hovedtræk....

  10. Hvordan kommer kodeveksling mellom hindi og norsk til uttrykk blant unge, norsk-indere i Oslo?

    OpenAIRE

    Engedal, Caterina Live Hartlieb

    2015-01-01

    Bruken av to (eller flere) språk i en og samme samtale kalles kodeveksling. Det anses som en naturlig del av flerspråkliges språkrepertoar og brukes enten bevisst eller ubevisst. Målsettingen med denne studien var å finne ut hvordan andregenerasjon indere bruker norsk kodeveksling i samtaler på hindi. De norsk-indiske ungdommene har foreldre som hadde med seg hindi-engelsk kodeveksling i bagasjen da de kom til Norge. Mange av dem kommer fra Punjabprovinsen og snakker punjabi i tillegg til hin...

  11. Fra hærværk til værk: brandalism og Street Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Andre Wang

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen sætter fokus på udviklingen fra lavsocial graffitti til højkulturel street art på bbaggrund af eksemplet Banksy i New York 2008, der sammenlignes med Olafur Eliassons Waterfalls fra samme tid og sted......Artiklen sætter fokus på udviklingen fra lavsocial graffitti til højkulturel street art på bbaggrund af eksemplet Banksy i New York 2008, der sammenlignes med Olafur Eliassons Waterfalls fra samme tid og sted...

  12. C. Schous Fabriker A/S – Direkte fra Fabrik til Forbruger

    OpenAIRE

    Berit Guldmann Andersen

    2014-01-01

    I artiklen redegøres der for, hvorfor Den Gamle By har valgt at prioritere etablering og formidling af netop et Schous Sæbehus i museets nye 1927-kvarter. C. Schous Fabriker var virksomheden, som stod bag fabrikationen og leverancerne til Schous Sæbehus og andre sæbeudsalg. I det følgende vil C. Schous Fabrikers historie blive belyst, set i forhold til den samfundsmæssige og markedsmæssige udvikling. Der sættes fokus på betydningen af familieejerskabet og på organisationens udvikling og tilpa...

  13. Alternative metoder til bekæmpelse af spiringsskadende svampe i gulerod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Birgit; Jensen, Dan Funck; Knudsen, Inge M.B.

    2005-01-01

    I et nyligt afsluttet innovationsprojekt er der opnået spændende resultater ved frøbehandling med antagonister i kombination med forskellige frøteknologier. KVL arbejder hen mod at få godkendt antagonisten Clonostachys rosea IK726 til biologisk bekæmpelse......I et nyligt afsluttet innovationsprojekt er der opnået spændende resultater ved frøbehandling med antagonister i kombination med forskellige frøteknologier. KVL arbejder hen mod at få godkendt antagonisten Clonostachys rosea IK726 til biologisk bekæmpelse...

  14. Værktøjsteknologi til mikrosprøjtestøbning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fugl, Jimmy

    Etablering af mikroteknologisk proceskæde, med speciel vægt på fremstilling af værktøjsindsatser til mikrosprøjtestøbning. Indsatser er fremstillet ved fræsning, elektrokemisk deponering samt laserteknologi og indsatserne er efterfølgende anvendt til sprøjtestøbning. De fremstillede indsatser og ...... sprøjtestøbte emner er blevet opmålt og sammenlignet ved brug af kontrolleret og verificeret måleapparatur. Der blev fremstillet indsatser i Al, Impax, samt SiAl og sprøjtestøbt i materialerne PS, PP, PA....

  15. GUIer gør godt - Introduktion til GUIer i Matlab

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobsen, Niels Gjøl

    2003-01-01

    GUI er en forkortelse for 'Graphical User Interface', og det er en særdeles nyttig måde at visualisere sine data, og det gør det ligeledes på en simpel måde muligt at ændre enkelte parametrer i beregninger og se de fysiske, matematiske eller andre ændringer, som sker i forbindelse med ændringen af disse parametrer. Ydermere hjælper GUIer til, at der bliver skabt en grænse for, hvor meget brugeren kan ændre i programmet, da der ikke direkte kontakt til den bagvedliggende kode. Denne introdukti...

  16. Korn og halm til bioethanol – råvarepotentiale, -kvalitet og konverteringsteknologier.

    OpenAIRE

    Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik

    2006-01-01

    Bioethanol kan få stor betydning som alternativ til benzin i transportsektoren, blandt andet fordi det kan benyttes i den eksisterende vognpark. I øjeblikket igangsættes om-fattende internationale satsninger for udvikling af biobrændstoffer til transportsekto-ren. I EU fokuseres på hvorledes andelen af vedvarende energi i Europa kan øges således olieafhængigheden reduceres, blandt andet via handlingsplan for biomasse og strategi for biobrændstoffer. Indenfor dyrkning og forarbejdning af c...

  17. EF-domstolens kompetanse til å kontrollere EUs svartelistingsprosess i kampen mot terrorisme. Foreligger det en effektiv prøvelsesrett?

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Denne avhandlingen dreier seg om EF-domstolens reelle mulighet til å prøve lovligheten av EUs svartelistingsprosess i kampen mot terrorisme, med særlig vekt på om EF-domstolens mulighet til overprøvning er i samsvar med kravet til en effektiv prøvelsesrett for de svartelistede.

  18. Udvikling af online-ressourcen ‘Feedbackguide’ – et idékatalog til undervisende læger tilknyttet medicinstuderendes klinikophold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh; Gottfredsen, Rikke

    interviewet. Ultimo januar har siden 1467 visninger. Som merchandise, til uddeling på afdelinger med medicinstuderende i klinikophold er der udviklet og produceret et feedback-kort i lommeformat med spørgsmål til igangsættelse af en feedback-samtale. I alt 2000 feedback-kort er sendt til 32 afdelinger med...

  19. Study in Application of Probiotics to Minks%复合有益微生物在水貂生产中的应用试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国庆; 魏亚松; 刘坤; 张立波

    2012-01-01

    随着生物技术的发展,人们对有益微生物的应用越来越重视,应用范围也越来越广泛。为了减少肠道疾病的发生,提高水貂抗病能力、生产性能和综合效益,我们试验应用复合有益微生物茵饲喂水貂,获得了良好的技术成效和经济效益。%Along with the development of biotechnology, people pay more and more attention to the application of Probiotics, application more and more widely. In order to reduce intestinal diseases, improve the mink disease resistance, production performance and overall effectiveness, we test the application of beneficial microorganisms fed minks compound to obtain a good technical performance and economic benefits.

  20. Metabolic and growth response of mink (Neovison vison) kits until 10 weeks of age when exposed to different dietary protein provision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsson, Caroline; Fink, Rikke; Matthiesen, Connie Marianne Frank;

    2012-01-01

    weighed weekly, and were measured by means of balance experiment and indirect calorimetry, in weeks eight and nine post-partum (p.p.). At weaning (seven weeks p.p.) and 10 weeks p.p. one kit per litter was killed and blood, liver and kidneys were collected. Plasma amino acid profiles, and hepatic...... abundance of mRNA for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), fructose 1,6-biphosphatase, pyruvate kinase and glucose-6-phosphatase (G-6-Pase) by q-PCR, were determined. There were no differences in live weights among kits the first four weeks of life when kits solely consumed milk, but male LP kits were...... milk to solid feed. The capacity to regulate the rate of gluconeogenesis was even more limited in young mink kits than in adult dams. However, young mink kits can regulate protein oxidation in response to dietary protein supply, probably by adapting the size of the liver and kidneys to the level of...