Dodgson, Mark; Gann, David; Phillips, Nelson; Massa, Lorenzo; Tucci, Christopher
The chapter offers a broad review of the literature at the nexus between Business Models and innovation studies, and examines the notion of Business Model Innovation in three different situations: Business Model Design in newly formed organizations, Business Model Reconfiguration in incumbent firms, and Business Model Innovation in the broad context of sustainability. Tools and perspectives to make sense of Business Models and support managers and entrepreneurs in dealing with Business Model ...
FOSS, NICOLAI; Stieglitz, Nils
We draw on the complementarity literature in economics and management research to dimensionalize business models innovations. Specifically, such innovation can be dimensionalized in terms of the depth and the breadth of the changes to the company’s business model that they imply. In turn, different business model innovations are associated with different management challenges and require different leadership interventions to become successful.
Breiby, Eivind; Wanberg, Magnus Haug
A global CEO study conducted by IBM in 2006 showed that business model innovation has a higher correlation with operating margin growth than any other type of innovation. It is therefore not surprising that business model innovation is a buzzword increasingly seen in business jargon and literature. However, the field is quite novel and finding ways of approaching and understanding the subject has been more elusive. This thesis presents a comprehensive and academically founded approach to busi...
When SME´s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovation process can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership (BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size...
Lindgren, Peter; Rasmussen, Ole Horn
Leading business model (BM) strategizing through “the field of innovation” has not yet been covered in business model and innovation leadership literature. This is a bit peculiar considering that there has been an increased focus on BM innovation (BMI) by academics and industry since 2011. The......”. This emphasizes the importance of questioning. How is BM innovation leadership (BMIL) carried out in companies related to various BM(s) and BMI tasks and throughout their business model innovation process? And, how can innovation leadership be related to BMI? A framework model for BMIL based on case...
The thesis covers the phenomenon of business model innovation. It provides with theoretical background of the concept based on the works of several scientists who stand at the beginnings of the discipline. The paper also introduces the principles of design thinking applied to business model innovation in order to get superior results and serve as a guideline for ideation processes and presenting enhancements to existing business models. The practical part is devoted to applying the described ...
Moser, Daniel; Gassmann, Oliver
Digitalization, connected products and services, and shortening innovation cycles are widely discussed topics in management practice and theory and demand for new concepts. Platforms are such a concept and find successively entry into a growing number of companies. However, research did not yet address how business models for platforms can be innovated. Thus, we build on a multi-case study and analyze how three major companies, Amazon, Apple and Google innovated their business models. We foun...
Waldner, Florian; Poetz, Marion
Successfully adapting existing business models or developing new ones significantly influences a firm?s ability to generate profits and develop competitive advantages. However, business model innovation is perceived as a complex, risky and uncertain process and its success strongly depends on...... whether or not firms are capable of understanding and addressing their customers? needs. This study explores how crowdsourcing-based search approaches can contribute to the process of business model innovation. Drawing on data from a crowdsourcing initiative designed to develop ideas for new business...... models in the podcast industry, we provide first exploratory insights into the value of crowdsourcing for innovating a firm?s business model, and discuss which characteristics of crowd-contributors increase the quantity and quality of the outcome....
Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai Juul
Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies’ business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model of...... open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, governance of transactions. We further illustrate a continuum of open innovativeness, differentiating between four types of open business models. We contribute to...... the open innovation literature by specifying the conditions under which business models are conducive to the success of open innovation strategies....
Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai J.
Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies' business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model of...... open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, governance of transactions. We further illustrate a continuum of open innovativeness, differentiating between four types of open business models. We contribute to...... the open innovation literature by specifying the conditions under which business models are conducive to the success of open innovation strategies....
Epitaxx, Inc. of Princeton, NJ, developed the Epitaxx Near Infrared Room Temperature Indium-Gallium-Arsenide (InGaAs) Photodetector based on their Goddard Space Flight Center Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract work to develop a linear detector array for satellite imaging applications using InGaAs alloys that didn't need to be cooled to (difficult and expensive) cryogenic temperatures. The photodetectors can be used for remote sensing, fiber optic and laser position-sensing applications.
Lightwave Electronics Corporation, Mountain View, CA, developed the Series 120 and 122 non-planner diode pumped ring lasers based on a low noise ring laser with voltage tuning that they delivered to Jet Propulsion Laboratory under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract. The voltage tuning feature allows "phase-locking" the lasers, making them "electronic," similar to radio and microwave electronic oscillators. The Series 120 and 122 can be applied to fiber sensing, coherent communications and laser radar.
General Pneumatics Corporation, Scottsdale, AZ, developed an anti- clogging cryostat that liquifies gases by expansion for high pressure through a nozzle to produce cryorefrigeration based on their Kennedy Space Center Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) work to develop a Joule-Thomson (JT) expansion valve that is less susceptible to clogging by particles or condensed contaminants in the flow than a non-contaminating compressor in a closed cycle Linde-Hampson cryocooler used to generate cryogenic cooling for infrared sensors, super conductors, supercooled electronics and cryosurgery.
The amount of engine power required for a helicopter to hover is an important, but difficult, consideration in helicopter design. The EHPIC program model produces converged, freely distorted wake geometries that generate accurate analysis of wake-induced downwash, allowing good predictions of rotor thrust and power requirements. Continuum Dynamics, Inc., the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) company that developed EHPIC, also produces RotorCRAFT, a program for analysis of aerodynamic loading of helicopter blades in forward flight. Both helicopter codes have been licensed to commercial manufacturers.
Under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract to Kennedy Space Center, EIC Laboratories invented a Raman Spectrograph with fiber optic sampling for space applications such as sensing hazardous fuel vapors and making on-board rapid analyses of chemicals and minerals. Raman spectroscopy is a laser-based measurement technique that provides through a unique vibrational spectrum a molecular 'fingerprint,' and can function in aqueous environments. EIC combined optical fiber technology with Raman methods to develop sensors that can be operated at a distance from the spectrographic analysis instruments and the laser excitation source. EIC refined and commercialized the technology to create the Fiber Optic Raman Spectrograph and the RamanProbe. Commercial applications range from process control to monitoring hazardous materials.
Gjerding, Allan Næs; Kringelum, Louise Tina Brøns
The present paper presents a novel generalization of business model innovation as an activity taking place across a development and an extension zone, where business model innovation occurs as minor, medium and major changes within both zones. The model explains the process of creating new activity......-ered as a coherent system. The generalization is explicated in terms of different domi-nant market logics in which collaborative efforts can be positioned. Underlying this presentation, the paper argues that business model innovation involves uncertainty to the degree that innovation is based on...... cooperative efforts, and that there exists a dialec-tical relationship between sources of selection and sources of survival, which tend to re-inforce one another. This constitutes a new aspect of business model innovation....
Baden-Fuller, C.; Haefliger, S.
Business models are fundamentally linked with technological innovation, yet the business model construct is essentially separable from technology. We define the business model as a system that solves the problem of identifying who is (or are) the customer(s), engaging with their needs, delivering satisfaction, and monetizing the value. The framework depicts the business model system as a model containing cause and effect relationships, and it provides a basis for classification. We formulate ...
Buur, Jacob; Gudiksen, Sune Klok
Many companies see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, in particular under the pervasive influence of Internet business. Design can play a prominent role here, as a way of expanding from a linear, rational conception of business model development. But rather than proposing ‘design t...... business models’ – for example in the form of pinball-like contraptions – encourage participants to play with hypotheses and experiment with scenarios as a way of innovating business models. In a sense this is ‘design thinking’ with hands and body....
Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska; Ulhøi, John Parm
Literature on business model innovation portraits an open business model as a modern and lucrative approach to conducting business, and even as a way to engage in open innovation activities. Using archival data and interviews with key employees of the two largest media groups from Denmark, we show...... the recent developments in the Danish newspaper industry, especially how the Internet and related technology developments have disrupted the long-standing successful business model of the industry. Our findings suggest that a more nuanced understanding of the term ‘openness’ is needed since the...... opening of business models during technological dynamics may have far more diverse consequences than it has been reported in the literature so far and can even become a major threat to business viability....
Cavalcante, Sergio Andre; Kesting, Peter; Ulhøi, John Parm
Purpose – This paper aims to discuss the need to dynamize the existing conceptualization of business model, and proposes a new typology to distinguish different types of business model change. Design/methodology/approach – The paper integrates basic insights of innovation, business process and...... routine research into the concept of business model. The main focus of the paper is on strategic and terminological issues. Findings – The paper offers a new, process-based conceptualization of business model, which recognizes and integrates the role of individual agency. Based on this, it distinguishes...... and specifies four different types of business model change: business model creation, extension, revision, and termination. Each type of business model change is associated with specific challenges. Practical implications – The proposed typology can serve as a basis for developing a management tool to...
Vovk, V.; Serpuhov, M.
The article is devoted to the commercialization of innovative products in international business. On the basis of the theoretical approaches to the commercialization of innovative products developed by a synthesis possible commercialization of innovative products in international business.
O Riordan, Niamh; O'Reilly, Philip; Duane, Aidan; Andreev, Pavel
Recent years have seen an explosion in the number of academic and practitioner-oriented publications on business models and business model innovation. Indeed, companies that traditionally focused on product and service innovation, are turning toward business model innovation as an alternative orcomplement to product or process innovation. Nevertheless, companies struggle to innovate the business models through which commercialisable new ideas and technologies will pass. At the same time, the ...
Knab, Sebastian; Rohrbeck, René
utilities in the emerging virtual power plant market. Based on the behavioral theory of the firm, we study how the cognitive and physical elements of an incumbent’s strategy can be changed and how these changes affect its business model innovation activities in the exploration process. Our preliminary......With this research we aim to enhance our understanding about how incumbents can explore emerging opportunities through business model innovation. Using a multiple-case, longitudinal research design spanning 2008 to 2014 we investigate exploration activities of the four largest German energy...
Rohrbeck, René; Günzel, Franziska; Uliyanova, Anastasia
In many industries, companies are faced with disruptions from emerging technologies, from the political and legislative environment, from alternative business models or from socio-cultural shifts. Research on strategic foresight (SF) has been aimed at investigating how companies achieve to identify......, anticipate and manage disruptions and prepare for an uncertain future. The research is based on the observation that strategic management in large companies is characterized by certain ignorance towards any changes occurring outside their current business area, and that to maintain a competitive position...
Waldner, Florian; Poetz, Marion; Grimpe, Christoph;
What makes firms innovate their business models? Why do they engage in innovating how they create, deliver, and capture value? And how does such innovation translate into innovation performance? Despite the importance of business model innovation for achieving competitive advantage, existing evid...
Scientific Materials Corporation, Bozeman, MT developed the SciMax line of improved Nd:Yag crystals under an Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Langley Research Center. They reduced the amount of water trapped in the crystals during growth to improve the optical quality and efficiency. Applications of the crystals include fiber optics, telecommunications, welding, drilling, eye surgery and medical instrumentation.
Schebesch Klaus Bruno
Full Text Available Innovative businesses are often the result of collective action of organisations involved in many-sided market structures, which can be found in and around business incubators or technology centres. Within such frame environments, many group interests beyond those of single producers and their immediate clients exist and interfere. Rather generically, important economic outcomes of innovations are sequences of cost reduction events at the level of economic sectors, where the nature of (sector-wise technology is influencing the pace of these events. At the conceptual level, we describe the social learning and social innovation process which leads to sustainable innovation by means of the influence exerted by firms on each other within constrained environments such as business incubators. These environments need not to be organized according to any sector logic. We propose that the influence exerted between firms is increasing in firm similarity, in the degree of product complementarity, and also to depend on (mutual trust relations. We note that, very much in symmetry with the role of sustainability in society as a whole, in the world of firms and markets, the incubation process may be viewed as a moderator, which attempts to overcome the disadvantages of highly paced, short-term oriented capitalist economies. In sections 2 and 3 a concept for representing the societal forces shaping sustainability and incubation for the innovating firm is described and ways of transforming the concept into concrete tools of assessment and valuation are pointed at.
Under a Langley Research Center Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract, Ross-Hime Designs, Inc. Minneapolis, MN, developed the Omni-Wrist actuator, which has a 25-pound capacity, 180 degrees of pitch/yaw, and 360 degrees of roll. Company literature calls it "the first successful singularity-free high-precision (robotic) wrist." Applications include spray painting, sealing, ultrasonic testing, welding and a variety of nuclear industry, aerospace and military uses.
Because of the diversity of NASA's information systems, it was necessary to develop DAVID as a central database management system. Under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant, Ken Wanderman and Associates, Inc. designed software tools enabling scientists to interface with DAVID and commercial database management systems, as well as artificial intelligence programs. The software has been installed at a number of data centers and is commercially available.
Foster-Miller, Inc. Waltham, MA developed the In-Situ Fiber Optic Polymer Reaction Monitor which could lead to higher yields and lower costs in complex composite manufacturing. The monitor, developed under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Langley Research Center, uses an infrared, fiber optic sensor to track the molecular vibrational characteristics of a composite part while it is being cured. It is the first analytical system capable of directly measuring the chemistry of advanced composite materials.
Nariman Abdi; Behrouz Zarei; Jamshid Vaisy; Badieahe Parvin
Business Process Reengineering (BPR) is a paradigm that is used by many organizations to survive in the competitive era. However, creative design of the business processes is a critical phase and the organization should prepare the ground for innovation in this phase. Innovation helps organizations to use the BPR concept efficiently. This paper reviews the BPR methodologies and innovation concepts and models and presents a business process redesign framework based on the innovation models usi...
... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... Administration (SBA) is publishing the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology... Director, Office of Innovation, Small Business Administration, 409 Third Street SW., Washington, DC...
... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... period for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR... Edsel Brown, Jr., Assistant Director, Office of Innovation, Small Business Administration, 409...
Lindgren, Peter; Jørgensen, Rasmus
This paper studies the evolution of business model (BM) innovations related to a multi business model framework. The paper tries to answer the research questions: • What are the requirements for a multi business model innovation model (BMIM)? • How should a multi business model innovation model...... look like? Different generations of BMIMs are initially studied in the context of laying the baseline for how next generation multi BM Innovation model (BMIM) should look like. All generations of models are analyzed with the purpose of comparing the characteristics and challenges of previous...
Pandit Nirali; Chari Vijaylaxmi
Business development model innovation is perceived as a way to not just grow profit but also as a way to avert threats from competitors. Business development model innovation is a natural evolution process, recognizing that change is inevitable and is needed once a business model has run its planned course. Therefore, in pursuit of growth, entrepreneurs make major structural changes, collapsing organizational boundaries and leveraging resource procurement from abroad. For centuries, business ...
Lindgren, Peter; Abdullah, Maizura Ailin
Too many businesses are being marginalized by blind "business model innovations (BMIs)" and simple "BMIs". As documented in previous research (Markides 2008, Lindgren 2012), most businesses perform BMIs at a reactive level i.e. perceiving what the market, customers and network partners might want...... rather than what they actually demand. Few businesses have the ability to proactively lead BMIs and on a strategic level lead BMIs to something that fits the business’s long term perspective (Hamel 2011). Apple, Ryanair, Facebook, Zappo are some businesses that have shown BMI Leadership (BMIL...
Leonel Cezar Rodrigues; Emerson Antonio Maccari; Fernando Cesar Lenzi
Strategies must align innovation capabilities to foster business model, since it mediates between the technology and the economic platforms domain. Here we consider the elements influential to technology innovation process in the context of a business to business technology-driven enterprise, considered within the perspective of technology maturity and organizational life cycle. The study subject was the Operacional Têxtil Ltda, a Brazilian textile systems automation enterprise, serving Latin...
Femtometrics of Costa Mesa, CA, developed the Model 200-1 SAW Mass Microbalance under a NASA Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Langley Research Center. The product is described as "the next generation of aerosol mass microbalance technology," because a new type of sensor, the Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) piezoelectric crystal, offers mass resolution two orders of magnitude greater than the Quartz Crystal Microbalance cascade impactor (QCM) (used at Langley since 1979 for collection and measurement of aerosol particles in the upper atmosphere). The Model 200-1 SAW Mass Microbalance, which provides a 400-fold increase in mass sensitivity per unit area over the QCM, can be used for real-time particle monitoring in clean rooms, measuring chemical vapors in very low concentrations, measuring target chemicals in the stratosphere and in industry as a toxic vapor monitor.
WANG Wen-jie; TANG Bing-yong; Ronald K. Mitchell; XING Xi-rong
The technology innovation and technology innovation capability plays an important role in management study of small business's growth and development. In this paper, the types of innovation in small business are discussed. Then, a hierarchy comprehensive fuzzy index system evaluating the types of small businesses is proposed. Because of the fuzziness of 15 factors used to analyze the small business, L-R fuzzy number is applied to describe the basic fuzzy state index. Furthermore, the corresponding fuzzy evaluation algorithm is designed. An application example indicated the effects of the methods.
Andersen, Maj Munch
The literature on ‘green business models’ is rapidly developing these years. This paper suggests that much existing work on green business models lacks a deeper theoretical understanding of eco-innovation and the green economy. The paper forwards an evolutionary economic perspective on green...... business models. This perspective departs in important ways from other approaches to green business models the implications of which are sought clarified and discussed in the paper. The paper argues for the need to link up green business model innovation to aggregate green economic change. The paper posits...... that the greening of the economy has reached such a stage of maturity where a generic ‘green business model’ is apparent. The paper points to eight characteristics of eco-innovation on the basis of which key changes to the business model are identified and schematised for the different stages of the...
Hud, Martin; Rammer, Christian
The global economic crisis of 2008/2009 hit many firms hard. Faced with rapidly declining sales and highly uncertain economic prospects, firms had to cut costs and reconsider their business strategies. With respect to innovation, cost cutting often means to stop or underresource innovation projects which may harm a firm’s long-term competitiveness. Firms may therefore refrain from reducing innovation budgets during crises but rather deliberately allocate more resources to innov...
In the international competitive environment innovative development acquires the special urgency for the nation. Innovation is no longer seen as a stochastic process. was The systematic implementation and stimulation of innovation have become the paradigm of economic development for the most of the world. It is important to form and to exploit new methodologies and tools for innovation policy. Such instruments should cover all the factors and results. So the large and small business should be...
Møller, Charles; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård
process innovation (BPI) in future organizations. This paper explores the applicability of one particular methodology for Business Process Innovation to deal with the challenge that the LEGO organization is facing with the alignment of their product development process and their supply chain. The paper......Most organizations today are required not only to establish effective business processes but they are required to accommodate for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Many business processes extend beyond the boundary of the enterprise into the supply chain and the information...... infrastructure therefore is critical. Today nearly every business relies on their Enterprise System (ES) for process integration and the future generations of Enterprise Systems will increasingly be driven by business process models. Consequently process modelling and improvement will become vital for business...
Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai Juul
Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies' business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model of open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, and governance of transactions. We further illustrate a c...
This paper proposes a research program on Business Process Innovation: Towards Global Supply Chain Intelligence. Few words are more ubiquitous in business or society today than "innovation". This reflects that businesses are striving for ways to survive and thrive in an increasingly complex and...... connected world (IBM 2006). Most industrial supply chains today are globally scattered and nearly all organizations rely on their Enterprise Information Systems (ES) for integration and coordination of their activities. In this context innovation inevitably is driven by advanced information technology....... Organizations today are required not only to operate effective business processes but they also need to accommodate to changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Consequently the ability to develop and implement new processes driven by the Enterprise Information Systems is a central competence in most...
Winterhalter, Stephan; Weiblen, Tobias; Wecht, Christoph; Gassmann, Oliver
Despite the fact that business model innovation (BMI) has attracted intense scholarly attention, there is a paucity of insights concerning the organizational implementation of BMI efforts in large corporations. This paper investigates how business model innovation is managed in the complex environment of the chemical industry and derives consequences for the establishment of a systematic BMI process in large corporations. Based on a multiple case study design, we identify three different type...
Marosi Ildikó; Katona Ferenc
In order to maintain and increase their market share and position in competition, businesses have to adapt to the changes of the environment and they have to innovate. Since the latest economic crisis, Hungarian businesses have been struggling with several problems, particularly the scarcity of both resources and demands. These circumstances lead to the issues of frugal innovation and sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to show the results of a survey on attitudes toward frugal ...
Five UK firms have received innovation awards from the Institute of Physics (IOP), which publishes Physics World. Hallmarq Veterinary Imaging, Metrasens, M Squared Lasers, Silixa and Tracerco have all won an IOP award for developing new innovative products.
Aagaard, Annabeth; Lindgren, Peter
managed effectively in developing business model innovation. The aim of this paper is therefore to close this research gap and to provide new knowledge within the research field of OI and OI applications. Thus, in the present study we explore the facilitation and management of open source innovation in...
Sund, Kristian J.; Villarroel, Juan Andrei; Bogers, Marcel
organizational (re)design aspects inherent to business model innovation is still very incomplete. In this study, we investigate the organizational (re)design challenges for incumbent organizations in mature industries when they need to reinvent their business model in reaction to disruptive changes in their...
Hvass, Kerli Kant
The issue of business model innovation for sustainability is becoming increasingly relevant for fashion companies. This paper investigates how the resell of a fashion brand's own product can facilitate business model adaption towards sustainability. Based on a single revelatory case study the...... article highlights a premium fashion brand's endeavours in prolonging their products life through resell activities and the main issues, challenges and opportunities the brand can encounter in integrating this strategy into its existing business model....
Czarnitzki, Dirk; Spielkamp, Alfred
During the last 20 years, R&D and innovation activities in the service sector have clearly increased. Especially business services are believed to be one of the main drivers of technical changes and economic progress. Looking at the labour indices calculated over the period from 1982 to 1996 one notices a remarkable increase of over 70 percent for the business services. About 8 percent of total employment in West Germany is in business services. In particular, by taking advantage of informati...
Marta Káradóttir 1987
This MSc thesis seeks to uncover the fundamental key success factors, which new ventures or startups acquire to creating innovative business models. In particular the sector under investigation is design retailing, a B2B and B2C selling plan of design goods. The study aims to identify and analyse successful strategic approaches to the latter, more significantly how can new ventures achieve a sustainable business model. This subject is particularly relevant and significant for future business ...
This paper presents a duopoly model of e-business technology adoption. A leader and a follower benefit from a new e-business technology with uncertain quality depending on its innovation and adoption cost and both firms adoption timing. When innovation and adoption require large set-up costs, the leader favors quick adoption by the follower. The follower prefers either late or no adoption. This is due to a delayed first-mover benefit which stems from an innovators capability to impose a new...
Full Text Available In order to maintain and increase their market share and position in competition, businesses have to adapt to the changes of the environment and they have to innovate. Since the latest economic crisis, Hungarian businesses have been struggling with several problems, particularly the scarcity of both resources and demands. These circumstances lead to the issues of frugal innovation and sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to show the results of a survey on attitudes toward frugal innovation, which was conducted among 216 Hungarian enterprises in the spring of 2015. However, the surveyed businesses are striving to stay in competition in a not too favourable economic environment as most of them have not recognized the chance of frugal innovation.
experimenting with process models and an explorative approach to study integrated modeling in a controlled environment. The ?-Lab facilitates innovation by using an integrated action learning approach to process modeling including contemporary technological, organizational and business perspectives.......Most organizations today are required not only to establish effective business processes but they are required to accommodate for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Many business processes extend beyond the boundary of the enterprise into the supply chain and the information...... infrastructure therefore is critical. Today nearly every business relies on their Enterprise System (ES) for process integration and the future generations of enterprise systems will increasingly be driven by business process models. Consequently process modeling and improvement will become vital for business...
Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter
) innovation is a risky enterprise, many companies are still choosing not to apply any risk management in the BM innovation process. The objective of this paper is to develop a better understanding of how risks are handled in the practice of BM innovation. An analysis of the BM innovation experiences of two...... industrial companies shows that both companies are experiencing high levels of uncertainty and complexity during their innovation processes and are, consequently, struggling to find new processes for handling the risks involved. Based on the two companies’ experiences, various testable propositions are put......Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start thinking more radically when considering their business models. However, despite the understanding that business model (BM...
Buur, Jacob; Beuthel, Marie Rosa
In this paper we show how industrialists in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to innovate their business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of co-creating new understandings is crucial for work to progress. Based on video data form this participatory...... innovation session, we investigate how participants get to new concepts through analysing their skilled behaviours, movements, actions and negotiations. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We show why the toy train works: While...
A.B.M. Sharif Hossain; Ibrahim, Nasir A.; Aleissa, Mohammed Saad
The innovative study was carried out to produce nano-cellulose based bioplastic biomaterials for vehicle use coming after bioprocess technology. The data show that nano-cellulose particle size was 20 nm and negligible water absorption was 0.03% in the bioplastic. Moreover, burning test, size and shape characterizations, spray coating dye, energy test and firmness of bioplastic have been explored and compared with the standardization of synthetic vehicle plastic bumper following the American S...
Hall, Bronwyn H.
The trickle of business method patents issued by the United States Patent Office became a flood after the State Street Bank decision in 1998. Many scholars, both legal and economic, have critiqued both the quality of these patents and the decision itself. This paper discusses the likely impact of these patents on innovation. It first reviews the facts about business method and internet patents briefly and then explores what economists know about the relationship between the patent system and ...
Marca, David A.
Innovation is invention or application of technologies or theories that radically alters business and the economy. For many years, innovation and the economy have been locked in 80-year cycles, which might imply that innovation is an economic driver, and vice versa. Based on this, some forecast that innovation and the economy might decrease sharply due to several forces: a) decreasing economic growth, b) increasing demand for custom services, c) more entrepreneurial work environments, and d) urban and environmental degradation. Should such forecasts hold true, business may need to alter its offerings, operations and organization to survive. Such a scenario may also require applied e-Business innovation by combining existing internet, wireless, broadband, and video technologies. One possible result: flexible front offices integrated with efficient back offices. Such an e-Business could comprise: a) a customer-based and transaction-based organization, b) functions for adaptive offerings that anticipate need, c) highly responsive, real-time, operations having no inventory, and d) value-based front-end, and automated back-end, decision making.
Beucker, Severin [Borderstep Institut fuer Innovation und Nachhaltigkeit, Berlin (Germany); Marscheider-Weidemann, Frank [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany)
Bioplastics based on renewable resources like e.g. starch, celluloses or lactic acid are considered one way to reduce environmental impacts, oil consumption and increase the use of agricultural feedstocks. Some of the newly developed materials based on biotechnology even have properties that make them superior to regular plastics; they can, e.g. be breathable, printable and antistatic. Bioplastics can be used for different applications ranging from foils, injection moulding, extrusion or functional polymers. They can have a short or a long lifespan depending on the material or the compound used to produce them. Many bioplastics are partially or completely biodegradable. After their use they can be degraded mostly into water and carbon dioxide by fungi, bacteria or enzymes. This makes bioplastics also a candidate for reducing carbon dioxide emissions although energy is needed to produce and harvest the raw materials as well as for the manufacturing processes involved. The possible environmental effects and impacts of bioplastics have not yet been completely assessed and understood. Bioplastics could combine the potential to increase resource efficiency and reduce environmental effects, but further research is necessary before conclusions and recommendations can be made for this new class of materials. The share of bioplastics in the world's plastics market is relatively small at the moment. Approx. 350,000 tonnes of bioplastics were produced in 2006. This is equivalent to approx. 0.2 % of the plastics produced worldwide. Experts believe the market for bioplastics will grow at a rate of 25 - 30 % in the near future and reach the one million tonne mark by the year 2010 and could even raise to 3 million tonnes per year by 2020. In the short and medium term, the development of the market for bioplastics strongly depends on following factors: - Development of crude oil price: The market potential for bioplastics is heavily dependent on the crude oil price. Under the
... BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... to amend its regulations governing size and eligibility for the Small Business Innovation...
markets, has made these emerging economies fertile ground for developing and applying disruptive innovations. A novel mix of key attributes distinctive from those of established technologies or business models, disruptive innovations are typically inferior, yet affordable and "good-enough" products or...... services, which originate in lower-end market segments, but later move up to compete with those provided by incumbent firms. This book sheds new light on disruptive innovations both from and for the bottom of the pyramid in China and India, from the point of view of local entrepreneurs and international...
Johnson, Harry W.
NASA activities in the framework of the 11-agency federal Small Business Innovation Research program are outlined in tables and graphs and briefly characterized. Statistics on the program are given; the technical topics covered are listed; and the procedures involved in evaluating applications for support are discussed. A number of typical defects in proposals are indicated, and recommendations for avoiding them are provided.
Full Text Available New possible ways of plastics manufacture and waste treatment are being searched when trying to tackle the problems related to the growth of waste quantities and decline in non-renewable resources. Presently, the most promising and effective way to solve the mentioned problems is production of bioplastics, but its way to recognition is very slow. One of the barriers is the absence of clear and united opinion throughout the EU Arising new discussions about biodegradable and biobased plastics will allow responsible authorities to update and adapt the legal law, which now almost does not include any reglement on bioplastics production and usage. The other issues of bioplastics are social aspects as this material can be made of primal food sources like crops, and the ecological ones because of their unknown effects on human health and the environment. Nevertheless, the main problem remains the same - the price of petro-plastics is still lower than that of bioplastics. Despite this, the biggest companies of the world are starting an initiative to manufacture this new kind of plastics and to widen the range of bioplastics usage in packaging. Considering today’s situation and tendencies, at the end of this paper the recommendations for the improvement and speeding up of the processes related to bioplastics manufacture, usage and its waste management in Europe and Lithuania are presented. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.68.2.6777
.... 77, No. 151 / Monday, August 6, 2012 / Notices#0;#0; ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program Policy Directives... Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR)...
Cervera-Paz, Ángel; García García, Rosario; Beira Jimenez, Juan Luis
The aim of this paper is to contrast the students’ opinions about the teaching innovation experience carried out in the subject “Competitividad en Innovación en la Empresa” (Competitiveness and Innovation in Business). The procedure will start with the subject’s profile, going through the main objectives and teaching methodology, to finish with evaluation and assessment, as suggested in the subject’s syllabus for the academic year 2007/08. Taking this as a starting point and, due to the fact ...
Nune Hovhannisyan; Wolfgang Keller
While it is well known that managers prefer in-person meetings for negotiating deals and selling their products, face-to-face communication may be particularly important for the transfer of technology because technology is best explained and demonstrated in person. This paper studies the role of short-term cross-border labor movements for innovation by estimating the recent impact of U.S. business travel to foreign countries on their patenting rates. Business travel is shown to have a signifi...
Madsen, Svend Ole; Brink, Tove
The purpose of this article is to reveal how small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) can enable sustainable business model innovation (BMI) in the offshore wind turbine industry. A longitudinal empirical research on 10 SMEs within the wind turbine industry provides data for the findings. The...... findings reveal interesting opportunities for BMI both within the SMEs, the SME network and in wider industrial context to increase awareness on business opportunities to act and hereby increase sustainable value. However, also boundaries occur for BMI, which can be difficult to crisscross. It is revealed...
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration invites eligible small business concerns to submit Phase 1 proposals for its 1994 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, which is described in this twelfth annual NASA SBIR Program Solicitation. The 1994 solicitation period for Phase 1 proposals begins April 4, 1994 and ends June 15, 1994. Eligible firms with research or research and development capabilities (R/R&D) in any of the listed topic and subtopic areas are encouraged to participate. Through SBIR, NASA seeks innovative concepts addressing the program needs described in the SBIR solicitation subtopics and offering commercial application potential. This document contains program background information, outlines eligibility requirements for SBIR participants, describes the three SBIR program phases, and provides the information qualified offerors need to prepare and submit responsive proposals.
Li Liu; Xinde Chen
Purpose ¨Cbased on the complicate and changeable situation in the economic field, Chinese family enterprises should rethink the strategy and innovate continually to achieve the evergreen. The purpose of this paper is to examine the advantage and disadvantage of Chinese family business and deduce several Applicable approaches for Sustainable development. Design/methodology/approach ¨CBased on a review of the relevant literature, Advantages and disadvantages are developed. Case study data are u...
This paper is a review from a business analyst's perspective of innovation and complexity concept and their impact upon the paths of business systems and organisations as wholes. Its task is also to catalyse a broader discussion on innovation segment that is by itself complex and its importance to business in a growing complex environment. The argument is that innovations should be the main driving force of business and other social systems due to their path-dependent and positive feedback fe...
Yariv Taran; Harry Boer; Peter Lindgren
Purpose: Relative to other types of innovations, little is known about business model innovation, let alone the process of managing the risks involved in that process. Using the emerging (enterprise) risk management literature, an approach is proposed through which risk management can be embedded in the business model innovation process. Design: The integrated business model innovation risk management model developed in this paper has been tested through an action research study in a Dani...
... (available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-05-15/pdf/2012-11586.pdf ), the U.S. Small Business... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN 3245-AG46 Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research... regulations governing size and eligibility for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and...
... RIN 3245-AG46 Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and... related to size and eligibility for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On May 15, 2012, at 77 FR 28520 (available at...
... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN 3245-AG46 Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research... its regulations governing size and eligibility for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and.... Background On July 22, 1982, Congress enacted and the President signed into law the Small Business...
When SME´s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovationprocess can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership(BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME).There are so many opportunities, pitfalls and strategies to consider while “the business” has to be operatedsimultaneously.The paper provides a study of BMIL in practise in SME´s and sh...
Sidorchuk, R. R.
Article is devoted to marketing innovation in small business. The article notes the lack of marketing in small business. Indicates the focus on turning a small business into a major consumer of innovations. The necessity of state support for the creation of marketing.
Hvass, Kristian Anders
Research in business model innovation has identified its significance in creating a sustainable competitive advantage for a firm, yet there are few empirical studies identifying which combination of business model activities lead to success and therefore deserve innovative attention. This study...... analyzes the business models of North America low-cost carriers from 2001 to 2010 using a Boolean minimization algorithm to identify which combinations of business model activities lead to operational profitability. The research aim is threefold: complement airline literature in the realm of business model...... innovation, introduce Boolean minimization methods to the field, and propose alternative business model activities to North American carriers striving for positive operating results....
Fernandez-Esquinas, Manuel; Merchan-Hernandez, Carmen; Ramos-Vielba, Irene; Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina
Studies of innovation are giving increasing attention to the relationships that businesses maintain with different participants in the innovation process. It is generally assumed that interaction with other businesses, universities and government organizations can generate knowledge that will improve the ability to innovate. However, there is…
Full Text Available Food packaging as a vital part of the subject of food technology is involved with protection and preservation of all types of foods. Due to economical abundance, petrochemical plastics have been largely used as packaging material due to their desirable properties of good barrier properties towards O2, aroma compounds, tensile strength and tear strength. Meanwhile, they have many disadvantages like very low water vapour transmission rate and the major disadvantage is that they are non-biodegradable and result in environmental pollution. Keeping in view the non-renewable nature and waste disposal problem of petroleum, newer concept of use of bioplastics came into existence. Bioplastics of renewable origin are compostable or degradable by the enzymatic action of micro-organisms. Generally biodegradable polymers get hydrolysed into CO2, CH4, inorganic compounds or biomass. The use of bio-origin materials obtained through microbial fermentations, starch and cellulose has led to their tremendous innovative uses in food packaging in the last few years.
Full Text Available A sustainable innovation is more expensive than a regular one but it may lead to long termbenefits and durable competitive advantage, especially if many firms from the networkcollude or act within constrained environments such as business incubators. The opinionformation process, which leads to sustainable innovation, may be viewed as a collectivecognitive process resembling that of branding and re-branding. Technological innovationscan be viewed as sequences of cost reduction events and, in a many-firm setting, sociallearning which leads to sustainability-oriented behaviour depends on (mutual trustrelations. The experimental modelling part of the paper illustrates selected aspects of theconcept just outlined by developing a stylized dynamic model of the firm.
Holm, Anna; Ulhøi, John Parm
The newspaper industry is presently under pressure in at least two important ways. First, their previous business models, based on paper-based newspapers, subscription fees and sales of advertising space are threatened by new internet-based technologies. Second, the hitherto monopoly held by the...... traditional profession behind the production of news – the journalists – is challenged by the emergence of new social movements providing fast and free news, often available directly in the making. This paper discusses the emergence of online publication of news and associated innovation activities undertaken...... situation. The data were collected during 2010-2011. Before closing, the paper is addressing implications for future research and practice....
Taran, Yariv; Chester Goduscheit, René; Boer, Harry
This paper focuses on the challenges related to, and the risk management needed in, the process of business model innovation. Business model innovation may involve hefty investments, high levels of uncertainty, complexity and, inevitably, risk. Although many firms follow a first mover strategic...... industrial firms, we discuss the reasons that led to these failures, and outline various possible solutions for practitioners to manage business model innovation adequately....
Amit, Raphael; Zott, Christoph
We highlight business model innovation as a way for general managers and entrepreneurs to create and appropriate value, especially in times of economic change. Business model innovation, which involves designing a modified or new activity system, relies on recombining the existing resources of a firm and its partners, and it does not require significant investments in R&D. We offer managers and researchers a conceptual primer on business model innovation emphasizing the importance of system-l...
The method of development of the business innovation capacity and corporate culture level evaluation, that allows identification of this level growth or deterioration within the specific period of time, is the key problem of the article. The data received permit to work out the matrix “the level of corporate culture vs. the level of innovation capacity” of the business in order to reveal the business’ position in this matrix and select the innovation-driven growth strategy of this business...
...The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is amending its Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Policy Directive. The purpose of these amendments is to implement those provisions of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 affecting the...
Casadesus-Masanell, Ramon; Zhu, Feng
This paper provides the first formal model of business model innovation. Our analysis focuses on sponsor-based business model innovations where a firm monetizes its product through sponsors rather than setting prices to its customer base. We analyze strategic interactions between an innovative entrant and an incumbent where the incumbent may imitate the entrant's business model innovation once it is revealed. The results suggest that an entrant needs to strategically choose whether to reveal ...
Research in business model innovation has identified its significance in creating a sustainable competitive advantage for a firm, yet there are few empirical studies identifying which combination of business model activities lead to success and therefore deserve innovative attention. This study analyzes the business models of North America low-cost carriers from 2001 to 2010 using a Boolean minimization algorithm to identify which combinations of business model activities le...
O. A. Kozlova
Full Text Available In this article the basic approaches of innovation maturity of business has been applied. The realization procedure of innovation maturity as an example of organizations of Perm’s region has been call attention. The preliminary potential assessments of perception of plans innovations will give optimize selection innovative strategy for organization and increase the effectiveness of business for microeconomics and region’s level.
Loercks, Juergen [Unternehmensberatung Bioplastics (Germany)
The author of the contribution under consideration reports on bioplastics. At first, the term 'bioplastics' is defined. Subsequently, the properties, the synthesis and the processing of bioplastics are described beside legal aspects, potentials and perspectives.
Noordhoff, Corine; Kyriakopoulos, Kyriakos; Moorman, Christina; Pauwels, Pieter; Dellaert, Benedict
Although the number and importance of joint innovation projects between suppliers and their customers continue to rise, the literature has yet to resolve a key question: Do embedded ties with customers help or hurt supplier innovation? Drawing on both the tie strength and knowledge literatures, the authors theorize that embedded ties interact with supplier and customer innovation knowledge to influence supplier innovation. In a sample of 157 Dutch business-to-business innovation relationships...
Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska
industry in Denmark. Business model innovation became imperative for the traditional newspaper publishers after many years of the declining readership and revenues. We collected rich primary and secondary data from various sources during 2010-2012. Our analysis suggests that changing business models in its...... various parts does not guarantee a successful business model change and may even harm the existing well-functioning business model. To innovate a business model successfully, managers need to secure the business logic flow and its feedback loops....
The development and commercialization of new technologies are important to the global economy. In this paper, the author first addresses Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) background; then, implicitly defines SBIR; finally, I also analyze the intpacts of small business innovation research programs. There are four aspects: entrepreneurial orientation; environmental factors; organizational factors and performance.
... ADMINISTRATION RIN 3244-AF61 Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive AGENCY: U.S. Small... announces a final amendment to the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program Policy Directive (PD... Phase II award threshold amount from $750,000 to $1,000,000 (FR 48004). Congress established the...
Jaspers, Ferdinand; van der Ende, Jan
textabstractSchumpeter, the renowned economist, defined innovation as ‘new combinations’ of existing elements. Today’s business environment provides valuable opportunities for such innovation, in which existing technologies, products and services from various industries are creatively adapted and then launched successfully into new, unconnected business areas. But there are rules to be followed.
Innovation leadership is a key concept in modern business world. It consists of different leadership styles which are useful to influence people to be more creative, productive and to work better in teams. Innovation leadership can be properly used to support organization vision and mission. The leaders need innovation leadership for themselves as they are managing in unpredictable and uncertain circumstances. The current paper underlies the importance of innovation leadership and innovative ...
This paper examines business, design, and product development aspects of software business models. Contexts of small and large companies for creating software innovations are also analysed. Finally, software business research is called for and an agenda for software business research is presented to better understand the dynamics of the software industry and help create and manage successful software-intensive ventures.
Business model innovation is one of the most challenging components of 21st-century leadership. Making incremental improvements to a business model--creating new efficiencies, expanding into adjacent markets--is hard enough. Developing and experimenting with new business models that truly transform how an institution delivers value (while…
Pugina Larisa Ivanovna
In this paper substantiated methodological approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of innovative projects. In a market businesses need to take into account the orientation of the long-term goal. There is a problem of choice of innovative strategy as the direction of enterprise development. At each level of management (the national economy, region, enterprise) innovation strategy has its own characteristics.
Afonso, Paulo; Vieira, Filipa Dionísio
Strategic innovation means the design of new business models that seek to reach new customers, to offer new products or services or to find new ways of make business. For Anderson and Markides (2006) strategic innovation is about discovering a new WHO, a new WHAT and a new HOW. An enabler of strategic innovation has been the development and diffusion of information and communication technologies. In this paper, ten selected case studies of innovative services and busin...
paper will propose to describe a business model by means of storytelling. In addition the paper will introduce the concept of archetypes of business models with the aim to seek a pat- tern in the light of the numerous business models available. Two cases will illustrate and dis- cuss storytelling and...... archetypes, and lead to the conclusion that they represent a valuable ap- proach to understanding and innovating business models....
Gale, William; Brown, Samuel
Small businesses occupy an iconic place in American public policy debates. This paper discusses interactions between the federal tax code, small business, and the economy. We summarize the characteristics of small businesses, identify the tax provisions that most affect small businesses, and review evidence on the impact of tax and other policies on entrepreneurial activity. We also examine evidence suggesting that it is young firms, not small ones, where job growth and innovation ...
Aa, van der, N.G.F.M.
In this paper we present a framework for service business models. We build on three streams of research. The first stream is the service management and marketing literature that focuses on the specific challenges of managing a service business. The second stream consists of research on e-business models. The third and most recent stream of research includes frameworks and business models from strategic management and innovation management. The next step in our research is the development of a...
Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter
Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start to think more radically, when considering to innovate their business model. However, the development and innovation of business...... models is a complex venture and has not been widely researched yet. The objective of this paper is therefore 1) to build a [descriptive] theoretical understanding, based on Christensen’s (2005) three-step procedure, to business models and their innovation and, as a result of that, 2) to strengthen...
The aim of this thesis was to create a business plan to understand the potential of the business idea and offer guidance when establishing a new business. The basis was to study the business environment in Finland and what factors need to considered in business planning process. Entrepreneurship is one pos-sibility for the author in the future. Large generations are retiring and the market has place for new entrepreneurs and ideas. The Technology industry is constantly evolving and new i...
Georgiana CEBUC; POTECEA, Valeriu
To face competition, companies must have innovations. No longer an issue whether we should have or not innovations, but a condition that must be created to establish an effective innovation management. Great companies put under pressure of international competition have instruments for the management of innovation. Coordination specialists and organizational impediments are the main problems facing companies. Innovation is generally considered as the main engine of economic growth in the glob...
Charter, Martin; Miedzinski, Michal; Doranova, Asel; Castel, Johanna; Roman, Laura
This guide is a practical and comprehensive introduction to eco-innovation addressed primarily to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The booklet overviews emerging business opportunities eco-innovation has to offer to companies that reconsider business models, develop new products, technologies or services, or improve production processes.
De Massis, Alfredo; Kotlar, Josip; Frattini, Federico; Messeni Petruzzelli, Antonio; Wright, Mike
In steering towards the future, innovation managers are commonly advised to dismiss the old and make way for the new. However, such “recency bias” may significantly limit a firm’s innovation potential and prevent it from realizing the benefits of past knowledge. We argue that the temporal dimension of innovation deserves more research attention. Combining prior research on innovation, dynamic capabilities and family business, we conceptualize a new product innovation strategy called innovatio...
The case of a virtual education business that expanded through creation of customer value in strategic partnerships yields two key points for the future of multimedia businesses. Ability to incorporate new business styles and innovative leadership that harmonizes the philosophies of various partner companies were factors in success. (SK)
Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter
Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start to think more radically, when considering to innovate their business model. However, the development and innovation of business...... models is a complex venture and has not been widely researched yet. The objective of this paper is therefore 1) to build a [descriptive] theoretical understanding, based on Christensen's (2005) three-step procedure, to business models and their innovation and, as a result of that, 2) to strengthen...... researchers' and practitioners' perspectives as to how the process of business model innovation can be realized. By using various researchers' perspectives and assumptions, we identify relevant inconsistencies, which consequently lead us to propose possible supplementary solutions. We conclude our paper by...
Ritter, Thomas; Geersbro, Jens
management focus and increased resource allocation as well as increasing customer and competitor dynamics as external drivers. Despite the suggested positive impact of the degree of competitive pressure on sales innovation, the empirical results suggest a significant negative impact, i.e. competitive......This paper defines the term sales innovation, offers an operationalization of the concept, and discusses antecedents of sales innovation in terms of important internal and external drivers. An empirical analysis of 409 B2B firms identifies the internal drivers of sales innovation as increased top...... pressure leads to less innovation in sales. Finally the paper suggests managerial implications as well as avenues of further research in this area....
Most organizations today are required not only to establish effective business processes but they are required to accommodate for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Many business processes extend beyond the boundary of the enterprise into the supply chain and the information infrastructure therefore is critical. Today nearly every business relies on their Enterprise System (ES) for process integration and the future generations of enterprise systems will increasingly be drive...
Olof Sivertsson; Joakim Tell
Swedish agricultural companies, especially small farms, are struggling to be profitable in difficult economic times. It is a challenge for Swedish farmers to compete with imported products on prices. The agricultural industry, however, supports the view that through business model innovation, farms can increase their competitive advantage. This paper identifies and describes some of the barriers Swedish small farms encounter when they consider business model innovation. A qualitative approach...
This paper explores differences between innovative and non-innovative establishments in business service industries. It focuses on small establishments that supply core technical inputs to other firms: establishments in computer and related services, engineering, and other scientific and technical services. The analysis begins by examining the incidence of innovation within the small firm population. Forty percent of small businesses report introducing new or improved products, processes or o...
Bjerrum, Torben Cæsar Bisgaard; Andersen, Troels Christian; Aagaard, Annabeth
ability to adapt these new DDBM depends on the ability to pick up, share and develop knowledge between customers, partners and the network. This knowledge can be embedded into core BMs and constitutes a strategic opportunity enabling businesses to extract value from data into BMI, resulting in DDBMs......This paper aims to understand the barriers that businesses meet in understanding their current business models (BM) and in their attempt at innovating new data driven business models (DDBM) using data. The interdisciplinary challenge of knowledge exchange occurring outside and/or inside businesses......, that gathers knowledge is of great importance. The SMEs have little, if no experience, within data handling, data analytics, and working with structured Business Model Innovation (BMI), that relates to both new and conventional products, processes and services. This new frontier of data and BMI will have...
Rohrbeck, René; Konnertz, L.; Knab, S.
firms have collaborated to envision and create new business models in the energy industry. After describing this collaborative business modelling (CBM) approach, we discuss its strengths and limitations and compare it to two alternative methods of strategy and innovation planning: scenario technique and...
Full Text Available Existing typology of methods of business system integration to business space and interdependences between the method of integration, type of development strategy, integration and innovative strategy are studied. The matrix of mutual accordance of these strategies and methods of integration of business system into business space is developed. Application of the matrix can efficiently support the forming of the agreed non-contradictory set of strategies.
Existing typology of methods of business system integration to business space and interdependences between the method of integration, type of development strategy, integration and innovative strategy are studied. The matrix of mutual accordance of these strategies and methods of integration of business system into business space is developed. Application of the matrix can efficiently support the forming of the agreed non-contradictory set of strategies.
Roper, Stephen; Smallbone, David; Vickers, Ian; North, David; Hewitt-Dundas, Nola
Although much attention has focussed on the determinants of firms' innovation performance, the relationship between innovation and business performance is less well defined. In this paper we use data from identical plant level surveys conducted in six regions of the UK, Germany and Ireland to examine this relationship and identify some of the implications for regional innovation initiatives. The survey data used was collected by postal survey during 1999 and 2000. In all over 2000 plants resp...
Hope, Alex; Moehler, Robert
Innovation can be described as the application of new ideas, devices or processes which in business is most often seen as a catalyst to growth. The sources of innovation are many, however recent attention has focussed on the role of social and environmental drivers. This in turn has led to the notion of ‘responsible innovation’ which demands the consideration of ethical and social aspects during innovation processes as a means to lead not only to technological innovations which are socially a...
Sharif Hossain, A B M; Ibrahim, Nasir A; AlEissa, Mohammed Saad
The innovative study was carried out to produce nano-cellulose based bioplastic biomaterials for vehicle use coming after bioprocess technology. The data show that nano-cellulose particle size was 20 nm and negligible water absorption was 0.03% in the bioplastic. Moreover, burning test, size and shape characterizations, spray coating dye, energy test and firmness of bioplastic have been explored and compared with the standardization of synthetic vehicle plastic bumper following the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Tensile test was observed 120 MPa/kg m(3). In addition to that pH and cellulose content were found positive in the bioplastic compared to the synthetic plastic. Chemical tests like K, CO3, Cl2, Na were determined and shown positive results compared to the synthetic plastic using the EN-14214 (European Norm) standardization. PMID:27331103
The problems hindering the development of small business in Slovakia and development program of innovative activity of small businesses. Innovation is what will increase the competitiveness of small businesses and grow the economy of Slovakia.
Full Text Available Swedish agricultural companies, especially small farms, are struggling to be profitable in difficult economic times. It is a challenge for Swedish farmers to compete with imported products on prices. The agricultural industry, however, supports the view that through business model innovation, farms can increase their competitive advantage. This paper identifies and describes some of the barriers Swedish small farms encounter when they consider business model innovation. A qualitative approach is used in the study. Agriculture business consultants were interviewed. In a focus group led by the researchers, farmers discussed business model innovation, including the exogenous and endogenous barriers to such innovation. The paper concludes many barriers exist when farmers consider innovation of agricultural business models. Some barriers are caused by human factors, such as individuals’ attitudes, histories, and traditions. Other barriers are more contextual in nature and relate to a particular industry or company setting. Still other barriers, such as government regulations, value chain position, and weather, are more abstract. All barriers, however, merit attention when Swedish agricultural companies develop new business models.
Bao, Yaodong; Cheng, Lin; Zhang, Jian
Using the data of 237 Jiangsu logistics firms, this paper empirically studies the relationship among organizational learning capability, business model innovation, strategic flexibility. The results show as follows; organizational learning capability has positive impacts on business model innovation performance; strategic flexibility plays mediating roles on the relationship between organizational learning capability and business model innovation; interaction among strategic flexibility, explorative learning and exploitative learning play significant roles in radical business model innovation and incremental business model innovation.
Full Text Available In this study, the relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability is analyzed in 168 handicraft businesses in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Puebla, and Tlaxcala. The results show a direct, positive relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability in three dimensions: economic, social, and environmental. In terms of determination, the variables that best explain sustainability are: organization type, product innovation, and process innovation. The age of the handicraft businesses was not a significant factor in explaining sustainability. This study concludes that handicraft businesses make sustainable choices more as a result of a desire for profit maximization than as a result of environmental consciousness, as can be explained by neoclassical view of economics.
Aagaard, Annabeth; Lindgren, Peter
-focused sustainable innovation and business model innovation, which is explored through a theoretical review and case examples in the present study. The findings reveal a number of key opportunities to pursue and a number of critical challenges to adjust to as presented in propositions.......The opportunities of persuasive technology in facilitating sustainable innovation and business model innovation have been witnessed continuously during the last decade. The unique ability of persuasive technology in interacting and mediating across users, customers, decisions makers and other...... stakeholders provides access to core knowledge about behavior and opportunities to influence and even change their behavior in a positive and more sustainable manner. Sustainable innovation and business model innovation is gaining more and more competitive leverage due to customer requirements, the growing...
Möhring, Monika Maria; Finch, John
Purpose: – This paper aims to contrast two approaches to the study of contracts in business and industrial marketing: first, as a legal document in shaping at the outset exchanges and interactions, for instance in projects; and second, as relational norms in becoming integrated into a business relationship through interactions, for instance as a resource. Design/methodology/approach: – The paper draws on cross-case comparison of three projects, as actors develop an engineering servi...
Behara, Ravi S.; Davis, Mark M.
The undergraduate business education landscape is dramatically changing and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. Many of the changes are being driven by increasing costs, advances in technology, rapid globalization, and an increasingly diverse workforce and customer base, and are occurring simultaneously in both the business world…
Gong, Jie; Møller, Charles
-orientation concepts, such as Business process management (BPM) and Business process reengineering (BPR). The paper aims to find out two research questions: 1) How do we understand the meanings of BPI in the current background of economic globalization? 2) What IT roles are in the process of BPI? Based on finding...
Today’s world is one of growing data, yet few companies have succeeded in leveraging data as a key resource for novel business models. Meanwhile, a profound shift is likewise taking place in the dominant logic of how companies create value for customers. Established processes for business model innovation are helpful for validating and implementing an initial vision. However, little guidance is available on how to systematically envision using data in service innovation. This thesis aims ...
Product innovations are the cornerstones of growth and profit in business. One of the main arguments put forward in this dissertation postulates that commercial success is required for a new product to become a product innovation. Commercial success does not happen automatically; it requires the proper management of commercialization. Commercialization within the context of new products is defined as a set of business activities, tasks, and actions that run in parallel with ideation and produ...
Andersen, Maj Munch
definitions of ecoinnovationare lacking leading to much confusion and methodologically weak empirical analyses. This paperseeks to remedy this by offering a definition and taxonomy of eco-innovations and discussing theimplications for green business model thinking, bringing in examples of Danish successful......Eco-innovation is considered a still more important competitive strategy to maintain production in highcost economies such as the Danish one. Within the studies of economics of technological change only little research has been undertaken on the dynamics of eco-innovation. Rigorous statistics and...... and less successful green business models.The taxonomy entails seven main types of eco-innovations which are defined by the role these innovationsplay on the market, i.e. they represent different ways to attract green value. The categorization hencediffers markedly from existing taxonomies of...
Ravn, Jacob; Kroghstrup Nielsen, Martin; Lindgren, Peter
Through innovation of products, process and business models targeting the needs of 4 billion poor people living at "the base of pyramid" (BoP) (Prahalad & Hart 2002) in developing countries the private sector can actively support poverty alleviation and at the same time reach new untouched market...... countries seems to show up in the literature: The technological line - exemplified by the - exemplified by the Life Straw business model - a high tech "straw" consisting of 12 chemical filters to purify water - an example of technology driven innovation to meet the BoP demands for clean water (Kandachar...
This special section contains extended versions of selected papers from the 10th International Conference for Global Business and Development: Creativity & Innovation: Imperatives for Global Business and Development, Kyoto, Japan, August 8-11, 2007. The set includes two articles with both theoretical and empirical content that were chosen articles because they cover a wide range of issues, promote cross-learning, and contribute to the present understanding and the existing body of knowledge i...
Olena Moroz; Tetyana Piliavoz
The special features of using of venture capital as a way of attracting investments for innovative development have been defined. The comparative characteristic of the types of venture capital investments has been done. The ways of companies' participation in venture financing through forming small businesses, small business ventures or their own operating specialized investment firms of venture capital have been investigated. The mechanism of functioning of the corporate venture investment h...
The global automotive business is one of the most competitive environment you can imagine. As an independent inventor or as a small development company it is very challenging to be successful in implementing new ideas and components. In this mature and somewhat conservative technical environment...... address you will have a much better access the decision making process and get enough interest for a potential business deal. After 20 years as a supplier of engineering services to the automotive industry and 10 years as head of Global R&D at Scania CV AB, I have experienced pros and cons both from a...
Taskov, Nako; Boskov, Tatjana; Filiposki, Oliver
Tourism firms operate in a business environment in which innovation is important for firm survival. In spite of this, there is an apparent lack of knowledge concerning innovation processes in tourism firms. This article combines considerations about tourism development, such a change in thinking about tourism can contribute to two important changes in the planning and management of tourism in regional destinations — the use of a different set of assessment criteria for...
Full Text Available When SME´s practice business model (BM innovation (BMI, leading strategically BMs through the innovationprocess can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership(BMIL is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME.There are so many opportunities, pitfalls and strategies to consider while “the business” has to be operatedsimultaneously.The paper provides a study of BMIL in practise in SME´s and show different ways of how they handle BMILand BMIL strategies. The SME´s were examined through a framework model called the BMIL strategy canvas.The research approach was action research carried out from 2008 - 2012. Intense study of 35 US and EU SME´sand 97 of their different BM´s form the empirical background. The findings represent learning and characteristicof BMIL with a strong reference to state of the art theory in BM and BMI.The research reveals that SME´s focus on very classic BMI approaches and BMIL strategies. SME´s focus inmost cases on reactive “outside in and reactive “inside in” BMIL strategies. SME´s are primarily focusing onmeeting needs and demands of an inside out “predefined” set of user and/or customer groups. SME´s arereacting to a specific customer or market demand but the BMIL strategies do often not put them in a better ormore central strategic position in their market and industry – and in the BMI process.The research shows some common approaches about SME´s BMI and BMIL strategy - Specifically, 1 MostSME´s do not formulate explicitly a BMIL strategy – they are doing BMI rather blindly 2 Very few SME´s arestructured about their BMIL strategy and BMIL strategy process 3 SME´s focus in their BMIL on very few andoften the same building blocks of the BM - especially the building blocks value proposition, target customer andvalue chain [Internal] – often regardless of the actual specific BMIL task, market
Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska; Ulhøi, John Parm
models in the newspaper industry. Based on interviews with key informants from the two largest media groups in Denmark, together with archival data from 2002 to 2011, we show how the internet and related technology developments have disrupted the long-standing successful business model of the industry...
Based on extensive research with experts from the German software company SAP, this definitive book is ideal for architects, developers, and other IT professionals who want to understand the technology and business relevance of enterprise SOA in a detailed way--especially those who want to move on the technology now, rather than in the next year or two.
Ozlem CETINKAYA BOZKURT; Kalkan, Adnan
Innovation is what we may call the most significant means of changing and rearranging life through research-and-development and production of technology, including the outcomes in economy. Improvements to innovation support rapid change in information production. Therefore, it is crucial for businesses to apply innovation management to survive and prosper in this age of information. From this point of view, the research aims to investigate the properties of SMEs in Burdur concerning strategy,...
Davis, Jeffrey R.; Richard, Elizabeth E.; Keeton, Kathryn E.
This paper describes a new business model for advancing NASA human health and performance innovations and demonstrates how open innovation shaped its development. A 45 percent research and technology development budget reduction drove formulation of a strategic plan grounded in collaboration. We describe the strategy execution, including adoption and results of open innovation initiatives, the challenges of cultural change, and the development of virtual centers and a knowledge management tool to educate and engage the workforce and promote cultural change.
Lindgren, Peter; Ulldall, Lena; Aagaard, Annabeth
Joint action and knowledge sharing are fundamental aspects of business model innovation for businesses to meet the complex Business Model Innovation challenges; for example, think about 12 business jointly innovating on the establishment of a new concept of a balanced energy plant project where t...... innovation - where business and actors open their core business, core business model and core competences – and expects trust. Through 3 cases from different BM Ecosystems we show knowledge sharing practice in new business model innovation projects....
Colombo, Massimo G.; Laursen, Keld; Magnusson, Mats
The aim of this article is to provide an introduction to the special issue. We briefly consider the organizational and managerial challenges that small and medium-sized enterprises encounter in networked innovation, thereby building a background to the articles included in the special issue. We...
Sheets, Robert; Crawford, Stephen
From college campuses to the halls of Congress, there is broad agreement that higher education is experiencing a major wave of innovation. This article holds that the changes are significant, but that the resulting threats to existing institutions are manageable if key leaders understand them and if institutions adapt to the new environment. The…
The service industries are characterized by the involvement of stakeholders in the innovation process. The aim of this study is to understand how, in the context of business-to-business services, the interplay between operational and strategic activities of an organization can be managed across the...... manage interactions between internal and external stakeholders of the organization they serve. The second proposition, on the other hand, depicts how business model innovators manage the interplay between strategic and operational activities by allocating responsibilities among internal and external...
Jokela, Päivi; Elo, Maria
Social ventures represent a new type of organization that aim to create sustainable social value, such as promoting the well-being of communities and their existence is based on developing solutions to tackle complex social problems. Developing a suitable business model for a social venture is crucial because the right model with a sustainable value offering in its core can support the venture and direct it toward self-sustainability and competitiveness. Research on social...
WEI Jiang; TOIVONEN Marja
In order to find the roles of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) in the innovation activities, This paper focus on three perspectives. First, we find that KIBS possess good prerequisites to function as vehicles in innovation distribution, the sources of innovation and the facilitators of innovation in their client firms. Second, we further discuss KIBS as the knowledge and innovation infrastructure of society in parallel with the research, educational and other public institutions. Third, we present some research policies and agenda to promote the development of KIBS. It is regarded that much remains to be studied both in the use of KIBS and in their own activities, including integrating and networking the knowledge-intensive services into the client companies, the convergence of various services and closer connection with the client companies' strategy, and the national policies to connect the KIBS to the different sectors.
Bröring, S.; Herzog, P.
Abstract: Purpose - To analyse different organizational tools of business development used in practice. This analysis seeks to address the question of how an organization can achieve the recurring shift from exploration to exploitation and at the same time manage to balance its open and closed innov
Non-proprietary proposal abstracts of Phase 1 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects supported by NASA are presented. Projects in the fields of aeronautical propulsion, aerodynamics, acoustics, aircraft systems, materials and structures, teleoperators and robots, computer sciences, information systems, data processing, spacecraft propulsion, bioastronautics, satellite communication, and space processing are covered.
Bogdanov, S. V.
Certain competitive advantages of a manufacturer on a goods market can be provided if one creates conditions for bifurcation development of an innovation process in metallurgical business under conditions of market uncertainty of a demand for goods of a specified consumer quality and determines the technical-and-economic versions of stable operation of a production system for performing orders of metal product consumers.
Arvane Vanyi, Georgina; Gal, Timea; Nabradi, Andras; Csapo, Zsolt; Peto, Karoly
A unique business-oriented educational method was launched in 2010 at the University Of Debrecen, Hungary, in the Faculty Of Applied Economics and Rural Development; the method has existed in the JAMK University of Applied Science in Jyväskylä (Finland) since 1993, and is called Team Academy. The gist of this training is that the students learn entrepreneurship through their ‘living’ organisations with the application of the principle ‘learning-by-doing’. Besides developing the students’ entr...
This, the seventh annual SBIR solicitation by NASA, describes the program, identifies eligibility requirements, outlines the required proposal format and content, states proposal preparation and submission requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in NASA's SBIR program. It also identifies the Technical Topics and Subtopics in which SBIR Phase 1 proposals are solicited in 1989. These Topics and Subtopics cover a broad range of current NASA interests, but do not necessarily include all areas in which NASA plans or currently conducts research. High-risk high pay-off innovations are desired.
Yelena Davidovna Vaysman
Full Text Available The article discusses the system analysis aimed to identify the key reasons for the low innovation activity in the regions of the Russian Federation. The research is based on the hypothesis according to which the holism and systematic principles need to be applied for analyzing the reasons of the low innovative activity of small business in the regions,. To implement these principles, the authors have used the concept of «minimum number of descriptive levels of socio-economic system». In the research, the spiritual and cultural, cognitive, institutional, material and technological «layers» of the socio-economic system are investigated. The particular attention is paid to the cognitive and institutional segments. The methodological basis of the research is the methods of correlation and regression analysis, maps of positioning, integrated assessment, the author’s method of assessing the development of the knowledge-based economy and clustering. The quality of innovative small firms’ institutional environment is assessed using the resource approach. The authors have obtained the following results. The rate of demand growth for knowledge in the regions exceeded the growth rate of the regional offers of knowledge, including the innovative development of small businesses. A delayed reaction of the suppliers of innovative ideas to the corresponding demand is showed. The trend of differentiation increase of the Russian regions in terms of the knowledge-based economy’s development is revealed. A significant linear correlation of small firms’ innovative activities and the quality of institutional environment haven’t been discovered. It is shown that the regions are almost similar in the quality of basic socio-economic institutions, and more than 60 % of the regions have the intensity of small businesses’ innovation processes below the national average level. The obtained results allow to expand the scientific and methodological basis to
Rodríguez Donaire, Silvia; Olivé Tomàs, Antoni
The main objective of this article is to identify how Social Media influences the way the business is managed and/or innovated. To evaluate this Business Model Innovation we have conducted a case study that assesses how strategic choices made by managers, due to the implementation of Social Media, influences Business Model Innovation. The contribution of this article throughout the company’s history, Munich case, allows us to see how Munich’s Business Model has been innovated, and how Social ...
Internationalization through business model innovation involves the creation, or reinvention, of the business itself. This paper aims to integrate basic insight from the literature on business model innovation, internationalization of the firm, international entrepreneurship and global marketing...... into a conceptual model. Our model illustrates that internationalization through business model innovation includes design dimensions, which are domestic or globalized in upstream production as well as in downstream markets. The outcome of this paper is four international business model types each with...
... Census Bureau Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2011 Business R&D and Innovation Survey... from the National Science Foundation (NSF), plans to conduct the Business R&D and Innovation Survey... business sector that took into account the changing reality of R&D and innovation. An inter-agency...
... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research... Organizations Additional Provisions § 600.381 Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research Grants. (a) General. This section contains provisions applicable to the Small Business Innovation...
Dariusz Grzegorz Żak
Full Text Available At the beginning of this article the basic concepts related to the topic issues are presented. The article focuses on the rationale and ideas of creating entrepreneurship and innovation. On the one hand the work’s aim is to show the basic legal instruments which allow to conduct business in Poland, and to demonstrate the role of state bodies in the promotion of entrepreneurship. However, on the other hand the aim of this work is to show the legal instruments connected with competition and encourage entrepreneurs’ innovativeness, taking into account the current needs and trends occurring on the market.
Winterhalter, Stephan; Zeschky, Marco; Gassmann, Oliver; Weiblen, Tobias
Frugal Innovation is an extreme case of innovation: radically new applications are innovated for an environment of extreme resource and cost constraints. While the phenomenon of frugal innovation has been described from a product perspective, very little is known about how firms organize frugal innovation on a business model level. This study is based on a multiple case study approach investigating five business models for frugal innovation in the context of the medical equipment market in em...
Full Text Available The paper gives an overview of the bio-plastic technology which is developing significantly, due to the increased environmental concern which is result of use of petroleum based plastics. The need of the biodegradable polymers, the different types of degradable polymers, and the manufacturing process to fabricate those polymers, its degradation phenomenon and testing of composites are discussed in brief.
This booklet presents technical abstracts of Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 under the DOE Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR research explores innovative concepts in important technological and scientific areas that can lead to valuable new technology and products. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications, as described by the awardee, are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.
Industrial companies that carry on innovation and operation must have well-organized and capable business systems and processes. Customer needs, market demands, global competition and technological changes drive the companies to be more adaptable, flexible and dynamic. By working in network structures as extended enterprises, the companies face new possibilities and new challenges. Design, manufacturing and delivery of high quality products to competitive prices to the customers are essential...
Taglino, Francesco; Lezoche, Mario
Existing limitations and problems in the current life-cycle of software applications will encourage new development paradigms. New technological trends, aiming at responding to current needs, such as flexibility, dynamicity, scalability, will certainly drive the envisaged changes. In this paper, possible solutions for the development and maintenance of innovative enterprise information systems (IS) are outlined. In particular, it will be argued about business process driven approach to inform...
Gortych, Joseph E.; Abilock, Harold
The intellectual property (IP) space associated with core high-tech innovations, such as holography, tends to rapidly expand in many directions as new applications and improvements to the core technology are realized. Patents soon start to quickly fill regions of the IP space to varying densities, often before any commercial product is available. Complicating matters is the fact that the patents typically range wildly in quality and business value for a host of reasons, not the least of which is that many high-tech companies lack an IP strategy designed to drive their R and D and patenting efforts. IP-savvy high-tech companies are relying more and more on some type of IP space analysis to more fully understand the IP landscape in which they do business. However, after an IP space analysis is performed, it needs to be integrated into a larger IP management system driven by an IP strategy. This paper examines the role of a best-practice IP management system in a high-tech business and how it can be used in conjunction with a holography IP space analysis to strategically manage and direct innovation in the holography business.
Lindgren, Peter; Taran, Yariv
The development and innovation of business models to a secure distributed cloud clustering society (DISC)—is indeed still a complex venture and has not been widely researched yet. Numerous types of security technologies are in these years proposed and in the “slip stream” of these the study of...... secure business models and how business models can be operated and innovated in a secure context have intensified tremendously. The development of new mobile and wireless security technologies gives hopes to really realize a secure cloud clustering society where business models can act and be innovated...... secure—but we still have some steps to go before we reach the final destination. The paper gives a conceptual futuristic outlook on behalf of the input from SW2010 and state of the art business model research to what we can expect of business Model and business model innovation in a future secure cloud...
Purpose – This article investigates and conceptualizes user involvement in business-to-business service innovations as well as the tools that are used to support interactions in such a service innovation process. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a qualitative research approach to answer...... and expectations with respect to such service innovation. In addition the study reveals that face-to-face tools are preferred to ICT-based tools in business-to-business FM service innovations. Research limitations/implications – As in all qualitative research, the main limitation of our study is the...... the research question. By following Miles and Huberman (1984)’s this study started with a literature review of studies investigating service innovation, service innovations models, user roles and tools in service innovation in general, to conduct an empirical investigation in facility management (FM...
The sensitivity of innovation activities with respect to the business cycle is often assumed to be small. In this paper the hypothesis on cyclical dependence of innovation activities is tested for firms in the German manufacturing, and additionally for SMEs. To this end firms' innovation decisions are considered. The decision to innovate in one period is modelled via a first-order Markov chain approach. The results suggest that the patterns in innovative behavior are linked to the business cy...
This is a study of innovation in Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) and the impact innovation has on employment. The thesis relies on theories within the fields of "innovation in services", in particular KIBS, and "innovation and employment", taking as its point of departure the taxonomy of product and process innovation. The thesis is based on a discussion of innovation in services with a focus on how innovation in services may be understood and delineated. A long discussion is ded...
Masoumeh Sadat Abtahi
Full Text Available One of the most complicated and valuable organizational capabilities, is the business strategy. Recognition of Characteristics of entrepreneurial behavior has the most importance that makes the opportunities with the self skills and creates it by the means of innovative strategies. The lack of this skill, varied and nice processes of strategic planning would degrade to a brain game, because strategy cannot change the organization without implementation. Thus, we tried to express the characteristics and goals of innovative strategies and essential preconditions for its utilizations in business. More on, in this article we express the role and effect of opportunity and its recognition and the relation of organization life stages and how this business strategy is used and we presented some samples in this paper.Statistical Society includes all Goldiran service company staff (200 person that is named ”staff” in this study and according to Cochran formula 132 of them are chosen as Statistical sample.Research method in this study is correlation and Descriptive and data collecting method is field-library and for data analysis we used Liserl 8.7 software.this research results confirmed a significant effect of business innovation effective factors on service improvement in Goldiran Service Company.
Matsuura, Eri; Ye, Yan; He, Xiaoxuan
Bioplastics (BPs) can be defined as plastics made of biomass such as corn and sugarcane. These substances have been increasingly spotlighted as means to saving fossil fuels, reducing CO2 emission and plastic wastes. Biodegradability of BPs has been widely publicized in society and the demand for packaging is rapidly increasing among retailers and the food industry at large. However, there is little consensus on actual impacts of BPs production. This thesis therefore aims to identify current s...
Dariusz Grzegorz Żak
At the beginning of this article the basic concepts related to the topic issues are presented. The article focuses on the rationale and ideas of creating entrepreneurship and innovation. On the one hand the work’s aim is to show the basic legal instruments which allow to conduct business in Poland, and to demonstrate the role of state bodies in the promotion of entrepreneurship. However, on the other hand the aim of this work is to show the legal instruments connected with competition a...
Lieftink, B.; Bos-De Vos, M.; Lauche, K.; Smits, A
Business model innovation may be a significant source of competitive advantage and firm performance. New ways of doing business have become increasingly important in the professional service sector. This research specifically focuses on business model innovation by architecture firms, which are suffering from the current financial crisis and changes in the architecture, engineering and construction industry. Architecture firms need to innovate not only their services, but also make more funda...
Doran, Justin; Jordan, Declan; O'Leary, Eoin
This paper estimates the private returns to four different kinds of R&D spending on the probability of Irish and foreign-owned businesses engaging in product, process and organizational innovation. By providing econometric analysis of nearly 2000 businesses in the Community Innovation Survey: 2004 to 2006, it makes an important contribution to our understanding of the effects of Irish innovation policy, which has incentivized businesses to spend on R&D in Ireland. The main findings are that...
The company of the future will not have the same characteristics as today! Among the many levers of change, the business model is a recent concept familiar to practitioners and academics. They have a strong interest for it. The business model is a mental framework that describes how the business works, specifically how the company created and capture value (Teece, 2010). Technological innovation is also a lever that sometimes requires business model innovation (Chesbrough 2002). When technolo...
Villasalero Diaz, Manuel
The open innovation paradigm has been so far focused on external networks. The role of internal networks in multi-business firms have been consequently neglected. Business units within multi-business corporations have the potential advantage of relying on both external partners and internal peers in order to support their product innovation process. The corporate network thus enables business units to provide knowledge (source knowledge from) to peers in their quest to bring new products onto...
Full Text Available This paper analyzes the liquidity of Polish non-financial companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, dividing them into two groups: companies with the intangible to fixed assets ratio higher than the median, deemed to be innovative businesses, and companies with the intangible to fixed assets ratio lower than the median, deemed to be traditional businesses. Our results show that liquidity management is different in these two groups when analyzing the cash conversion cycle, the current and quick ratios, and liquid assets. The authors use data representing the Polish economy on the assumption that it can be considered a model one for other developing countries. Poland is at the beginning of this road, completing its systemic transformation after 20 years of efforts, as society has been building an innovation-based economy. Skills in the field of financial management will have to be developed as data analysis described in this paper reveals poor liquidity management. The authors will follow the development of the Polish economy (called a European tiger to show how it has changed over time.
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed here, this publication describes the technical efforts for SBIR Phase 1 awards in 1994. It is intended for the educated layman, and may be of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities. Contained in this booklet are abstracts of the Phase 1 awards made in FY 1994 under the DOE SBIR program. The 212 Phase 1 projects described here were selected in a highly competitive process from a total of 2,276 grant applications received in response to the 1994 DOE annual SBIR Solicitation. The selections for awards were made on scientific and technical merit, as judged against the specific criteria listed in the Solicitation. Conclusions were reached on the basis of detailed reports returned by reviewers drawn from DOE laboratories, universities, private industry, and government. (Any discrepancies noted in prior DOE releases naming the firms selected for awards are due either to the firm changing its name after the award selection or to the firm not proceeding to a signed grant.) It is expected that between one-third and one-half of the Phase 1 projects will be continued into Phase 2. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations with an interest in the research described are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.
textabstractInnovation is generally considered to be a cornerstone of organizational survival in many of today’s dynamic and competitive markets. This dissertation goes beyond the dominant focus on technological innovation in innovation studies by examining how and under which conditions several major non-technological types of innovation contribute to firm performance. The five studies presented in this dissertation reveal more about how management innovation, co-creation with customers and ...
Kristina Steffenson McElheran
This paper empirically investigates how market leadership influences firm propensity to adopt new business process innovations. Using a unique data set spanning roughly 35,000 plants in 86 U.S. manufacturing industries, I study the adoption of frontier e-business practices during the early diffusion of the commercial internet. Theory predicts that firms with greater market share will be more likely to adopt innovations that build on their existing strengths, while they will resist more radica...
Ioana COMSULEA; Cristina A. FLOREA
Business intelligence and knowledge management seems to gain the attention of the society regarding the benefits that brings to it when this two domains are considered as a whole. The advantage of using business intelligence in order to take decisions and bring innovation to the business, are convincing more and more entrepreneurs to implement this solution. The challenge in managing and using the knowledge that the business intelligence offers to the business, comes with the integration of t...
Lodsgård, Lise; Aagaard, Annabeth
relevance of exploring business-NGO partnerships in the creation of sustainable innovation. The findings and contributions of this theoretical study are an identification and modeling of six archetypes of Business-NGO partnerships in creating sustainable innovation. Through an exploration of characteristics...
The analysis of the theoretical material revealed the lack of consensus on defini-tion of the tax stimulation of innovation-active business entities within the re-gional taxation. The definition tax stimulation of innovation-active business en-tities is specified.
... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 227.7104 Section 227.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data or... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Technical Data 227.7104 Contracts under the Small...
... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts under the Small Business Innovative Research Program. 227.7204 Section 227.7204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... under the Small Business Innovative Research Program. When contracting under the Small...
Hazzan, Orit; Zelig, Dafna
Business organizations adopt innovation with the objective of meeting competition and improving their business performance; education organizations, likewise, operate in a competitive environment, are evaluated by stakeholders, and adopt innovation. The research presented here links these two sectors; its objective was to characterize the process…
Full Text Available Product Lifecycle Management (PLM is the process of managing the whole life cycle of a product starting from generating an idea, concept description, business analyzes, product design and solution architecture and technical implementation, to the successful entrance to the market, service, maintenance and product improvement. At present, a wide range of stakeholders including consumers, regulators, shareholders and public bodies are demanding that companies address product management through all life cycle in a more comprehensive and sustainable way. However, even if a company actually wishes innovate its processes for improving the way to account for project management, it will face relevant difficulties to deal with different guidelines, tools and methods currently addressing the matter from various points of view. The purpose of this paper is to review literature on PLM from an operational point of view with the objective to help companies to answer to the main market needs.
On September 27, 1984, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced the selection of Phase I projects for the Small Business Innovation Research Program. These awards resulted from the evaluation of proposals submitted in response to the 1984 Program Solicitation, SBIR 84-1. In order to make available information on the technical content of the Phase I projects supported by the NASA SBIR Program, the abstracts of those proposals which resulted in awards of contracts are given. In addition, the name and address of the firm performing the work are given for those who may desired additional information about the project. Propulsion, aerodynamics, computer techniques, exobiology and composite materials are among the areas covered.
Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.
This report outlines current Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Post-Phase II opportunity contract award results for the SBIR technology program from 2007 to 2011 for NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD), Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD), Science Mission Directorate (SMD), and Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD). The report provides guidelines for incorporating SBIR technology into NASA programs and projects and provides a quantitative overview of the post-Phase II award patterns that correspond with each mission directorate at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). In recent years, one of NASA's goals has been to not only transfer SBIR technologies to commercial industries, but to ensure that NASA mission directorates incorporate SBIR technologies into their program and project activities. Before incorporating technologies into MD programs, it is important to understand each mission directorate structure because each directorate has different objectives and needs. The directorate program structures follow.
The SBIR program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed below, this publication describes the technical efforts and commercialization possibilities for SBIR Phase II awards in Fiscal Year (FY) 2000. It is intended for the educated layman, and maybe of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities.
Beswick, Cris; Geraghty, Jo
Being a truly innovative company is more than the dreaming up of new products and services by external consultants and internal taskforces. Staying one step ahead of the competition requires you to embed innovation into your organizational culture. Innovation needs to be embodied in everything that gets done by everyone who works there. By changing your organizational culture to one that supports innovation, you will remove the barriers that stop you responding quickly and agilely to changing market conditions and opportunities for growth. Building a Culture of Innovation presents a practical framework that you can follow to design and embed a culture of innovation in your business.The six-step Innovation Culture Change Framework offers a structured process to make change stick, from assessing your organization's innovation-readiness to leading a managed change process that will foster innovation at each level. It includes case studies from international organizations which have shifted their focus to an inno...
Galende, Jesús; Perdomo-Ortiz, Jesús; Gonzalez-Benito, Javier
Abstract The growing diffusion and acceptance in the business world of Total Quality Management (TQM) has provoked greater interest on the part of academia. Although fundamental questions focus on how the different dimensions of TQM can bring about better business performance, a more recent recurring issue pertains to the relationship between TQM and technological innovation and whether technological innovations might provide a source of competitive advantage. Unfortunately, from b...
Lammam, Charles Frederick
A key culprit for Canada’s lagging productivity growth is weak innovation in the business sector. Using the level of business R&D as a main indicator, I explore policy options for Canada to close its innovation gap with other countries. I first review previous research on the determinants of business R&D and highlight reasons for Canada’s lacklustre performance. I then examine the innovation system in three business R&D intensive countries (Israel, Finland, and Sweden) to gain ins...
C.V. Heij (Kevin)
textabstractInnovation is generally considered to be a cornerstone of organizational survival in many of today’s dynamic and competitive markets. This dissertation goes beyond the dominant focus on technological innovation in innovation studies by examining how and under which conditions several maj
Kuo-Jui Wu; Ching-Jong Liao; Ming-Lang Tseng; Pei-Jay Chou
In recent years, many firms have come to understand that innovation is an important issue in sustainable business management, as it helps improve firm capabilities and competencies. Because of the fiercely competitive environment in the hotel industry, innovation has become a critical factor in the process of hotel differentiation, leading to sustainable business success. However, the literature has not thoroughly examined the role of innovation or the hierarchical structure of the capabiliti...
Full Text Available Abstract Background Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB is a polyester with thermoplastic properties that is naturally occurring and produced by such bacteria as Ralstonia eutropha H16 and Bacillus megaterium. In contrast to currently utilized plastics and most synthetic polymers, PHB is biodegradable, and its production is not dependent on fossil resources making this bioplastic interesting for various industrial applications. Results In this study, we report on introducing the bacterial PHB pathway of R. eutropha H16 into the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum, thereby demonstrating for the first time that PHB production is feasible in a microalgal system. Expression of the bacterial enzymes was sufficient to result in PHB levels of up to 10.6% of algal dry weight. The bioplastic accumulated in granule-like structures in the cytosol of the cells, as shown by light and electron microscopy. Conclusions Our studies demonstrate the great potential of microalgae like the diatom P. tricornutum to serve as solar-powered expression factories and reveal great advantages compared to plant based production systems.
Hoveskog, M.; Halila, F.; Danilovic, M.
As the mantra "innovate your business model or die" increases in popularity among practitioners and academics, so does the need for novel and feasible business models. In this article, we describe an ideation experience workshop, conducted in an undergraduate business course, in which students, guided by their lecturers and two industry…
Konnertz, Lars; Rohrbeck, René; Knab, Sebastian
the German energy market, where business modeling has been used in a collaborative fashion. After describing this collaborative business modeling (CBM) approach, we discuss its strengths and limitations and compare it to the alternative methods of innovation planning: scenario technique and...... markets are needed, CBM can contribute to explore a new business field with a holistic perspective....
Bogers, Marcel; Sproedt, Henrik
This article explores how playing games can be used to teach intangible social interaction across boundaries, in particular within open collaborative innovation. We present an exploratory case study of how students learned from playing a board game in a graduate course of the international and interdisciplinary Innovation and Business master's…
Link, Albert N.; Ruhm, Christopher J.; Siegel, Donald S.
There is great interest in evaluating the impact of private equity investments on innovation and economic growth. However, there is no direct empirical evidence on the effects of such transactions on the innovation strategies of entrepreneurial firms. We fill this gap by examining a rich project-level data set consisting of entrepreneurial firms receiving Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program research awards. We find that SBIR firms attracting private equity investments are signif...
Frankenberger, Karolin; Weiblen, Tobias; Csik, Michaela; Gassmann, Oliver
Business model innovation has received rising attention as a means for firms to achieve superior performance. Yet, as we argue based on a review of related literature, the research field so far lacks a comprehensive framework that supports managers in their endeavour to innovative their firms' business models. Based on process models from innovation management literature and insights from 14 cases of past business model innovations, we develop the 4I-framework that structures the business mod...
This article briefly discusses the origins and development of the business model concept resulting in a high level definition. Against this backdrop, frameworks from the literature around green business models with examples of green business models and the business model innovation process are presented. The article then discusses the origins and meaning of different "green" concepts relevant for the circular value chain concluding with a high level definition. The article finally outl...
Bioplastics are becoming increasingly prominent mainly due to the growing environmental pollutions caused by non-biodegradable plastics. Polyhydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV), the major copolymer of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) family, was biosynthesized (by mixed microbial culture fed with fermented diary manure) and characterized. The monomeric composition (HV% ~ 40%) was determined by GC-MS and NMR. ESI-MSn and NMR analyses showed these PHBVs had random co-monomeric sequence distribution; meantime, they showed characteristic properties (crystallinity, single melting, and tensile properties) as studied by DSC and DMA. The homopolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), usually shows interesting properties such as high crystallinity and multiple melting behaviors. The effect of thermal history, such as crystallization (isothermal (temepratures = 80 to 140 °C) and nonisothermal (cooling rates = 2 to 50 °C/min)) and melting (heating rates = 5 to 50 °C/min), on the multiple melting behavior of PHB has been studied using conventional and temperature modulated DSC (TMDSC) techniques. Results showed PHB multiple melting was ascribed to the melting-recrystallization-remelting mechanism and its crystallization kinetics varied with crystallization temperatures and cooling rates. The brittleness and poor melt strength properties of the bioplastics PHB and poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) were imporved by two strategies: (i) to modify polymer structures by cross-linking, (ii) to introduce an external component by grafting, which were initiated by dicumyl peroxide (DCP) via reactive extrusion, have been developed. In method (i), rheological measurements showed cross-linked PHB and PLLA (0.25 to 1 wt% DCP) separately had higher melting strength than their linear polymers due to the formation of long chain branching. Their brittleness was reduced because smaller crystal sizes were observed by hot-stage polarized microscope (HS-POM), meanwhile the reduction of crystallinity was
Aleksandra Stoilkovska; Natasha Ristovska; Sashko Gramatnikovski
In contemporary dynamic conditions of functioning of the companies, innovativeness is a key characteristic which can enable a competitive advantage for them. Innovations mean development of new products or services, new technologies and processes, new markets, new innovative business models by supplying incremental innovations, new or different benefits from the application of the existing assortment of products and services, i.e. creating an offer of values for the consumers in a...
Stoyka Serhiy O.
The article studies directions of stimulation of development of small and medium business in the sphere of tourism. It reveals barriers that interfere with development of the subjects of small and medium entrepreneurship in Ukraine. It considers main organisational and legal forms of entrepreneurship of the innovation type in the tourist industry. It describes conceptual measures of development of innovation processes: within the innovation infrastructure; within innovation products; within o...
Innovation differentiates the company from the competition, attracts new customers and generates revenue. The struggle for customers requires constant innovation, the result of which must be the creation of new value for customers. Innovation which provides new value for customers manifests itself in the form of new products, technologies, ideas and systems, reflected in satisfaction and customer loyalty. Innovation is considered a basis of business development, competition and growth. As a r...
Idota, Hiroki; Bunno, Teruyuki; TSUJI, Masatsugu
ICT is expected to play an important role for innovations in Japanese SMEs. In this paper, how ICT use promotes innovation is clarified. In addition, what kind of business strategy SMEs should follow is attempted to achieve innovation by focusing on the behavior of the top management as well as employees. A mail survey was conducted in February 2012 to innovative SMEs. An ICT advancement index is constructed based on the sales management system, groupware, internal SNS and SCM. Logistic regre...
Natalya Nikolaevna Masyuk
Full Text Available Developing entrepreneurial competencies for high school students is only possible as a result of the creation of such an educational environment that will play such a relationship between training firms, which would be as realistic as possible. To this end, the university created an innovative educational business environment.Objective: To create an organizational model and algorithm innovative educational business environment.Method or the methodology of the work: desk research.Results: The algorithm of the organizational procedures for creating innovative business environment of high school.Scope results: management, marketing, entrepreneurship.
Full Text Available Business intelligence and knowledge management seems to gain the attention of the society regarding the benefits that brings to it when this two domains are considered as a whole. The advantage of using business intelligence in order to take decisions and bring innovation to the business, are convincing more and more entrepreneurs to implement this solution. The challenge in managing and using the knowledge that the business intelligence offers to the business, comes with the integration of the information with state administrative structures datas that have to be available to business clusters in order to improve their decisional process. In our paper, we demonstrate the benefits of using business intelligence in Romanian state administrative structures underlying the way that this adoption would support the activity of innovative and creative clusters.
The benefits of the open innovation business model and the absorptive capacity necessary to acquire and utilize external knowledge have been discussed extensively. An emerging literature stream has identified certain intra-organizational antecedents of absorptive capacity. However how firms...
Full Text Available This paper aims the investigation of the relationship between entrepreneurial phenomenon among young people in Romania and the business environment, strongly marked by innovation and new technologies, as pillars of sustainable development in the knowledge-based society. For achieving the paper’s goal there are used the results of a qualitative research based on in-depth interview which aim to identify the views and experiences of young entrepreneurs on the advantages and disadvantages of starting an innovative business in Romania. Data analysis allowed the formulation of some recommendations to state institutions, business environment and the academic community to support young entrepreneurs in developing their business right after the launch. Access to new funding sources, guidance and informational support are the principal needs for entrepreneurs in their struggle to develop innovative sustainable businesses. The strong promotion of young entrepreneurs inside their community or at national level contributes to the development of a strong entrepreneurial culture for Romania.
Mattsson, Jan; Orfila-Sintes, Francina
This paper explores the dynamics of hotel innovation and its impact on hotel performance with a representative sample of the whole hotel sector operating in the Balearic Islands, Spain. The managers of sampled hotels (N = 331) answered questions about innovations over a 6-year period. On the basis...... of an earlier developed model of innovation types, we investigate the effect on performance of different types of innovation. We find that two combinations of innovation types impact hotel performance in a positive way, namely the combinations termed, Full and Service&Back-Office innovation. We...... therefore suggest that these combinations are used to create synergies for hotel performance....
Pekka Tervonen; Harri Haapasalo
Oulu Innovation Alliance (OIA) is an example of triple-Helix consortium. It integrates top know-how from printed intelligence, wellbeing technology, cleantech and 3D internet and brings together research institutions, businesses and public sector organizations. OIA generates cutting-edge global business from research, development and innovation projects and ventures. The essential mission of the Centre for Environment and Energy (CEE) is to be strongly involved in branding Oulu as an eco-inno...
Large corporations may be composed of multiple strategic business units (SBUs), each of which is responsible for its own profitability. Innovation performance management of SBUs boosts corporation business results. In the present work, SBU ranking based on innovation performance was addressed. The contribution of the proposed model was threefold: (1) it proposed a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) for SBU ranking with triangular fuzzy numbers; (2) it provided a comprehensive and systemat...
Casadesus-Massanell, Ramon; Ricart, Joan E.
The competitiveness of a country is the result of the competitiveness of its firms. The competitiveness of firms is partly determined by how their business models interact with the environment to produce offerings with added value. This chapter contributes to the reflection on Catalonia's competitiveness by using the business model concept to highlight the need to adapt business models to new realities in the Catalan environment. Catalan firms have made little effort to reconfigure their busi...
Hellbe, Simon; Leung, Peter
Over the years, information technology has created opportunities to improve and extend businesses and to start conducting business in new ways. With the evolution of IT, all businesses and industries are becoming increasingly digitized. This process, or coevolution, of IT and business coming together is called digital transformation. One of the recent trends in this digital transformation is the use of application programmable interfaces (APIs). APIs are standardized digital communication int...
W. van der Aa
In this paper we present a framework for service business models. We build on three streams of research. The first stream is the service management and marketing literature that focuses on the specific challenges of managing a service business. The second stream consists of research on e-business mo
Ramona GAVRILESCU (GROAPA); Vlad BELICIU Author-Name Mihaela UDA
The article aims at challenging the question of what drives high performance through the perspectives of innovation and variety of people generations coexisting at the present moment. What is researched and revealed by this paper work is the approach to innovation as determinant of performance versus innovation as a characteristic and attribute of success companies in connection to people. Innovation is ultimately linked and completely interdependent to people as its creators as different peo...
Full Text Available This paper is a review from a business analyst's perspective of innovation and complexity concept and their impact upon the paths of business systems and organisations as wholes. Its task is also to catalyse a broader discussion on innovation segment that is by itself complex and its importance to business in a growing complex environment. The argument is that innovations should be the main driving force of business and other social systems due to their path-dependent and positive feedback features that provide for faster growth. Innovation is not limited solely to businesses and should also be viewed in respect to other social (public systems whose segment often lack innovative approach. Innovation may be found to possess emergent properties like other events that appear in social systems that influence their change and adaptation. It determines path-dependency of such systems because it is considered an event arising early in the history of the system that determines its ultimate end state. Thus, understanding, managing and accepting innovations and its importance is crucial for recognition of complex processes of path-creation, dependence and emergence of forces that drive social systems. Viewed from aspect of transitional countries, it is crucial for judging the future stability of their social entities striving for development and recognised change.
Araujo Leal, Edvalda; Luiz Albertin, Alberto
This study's overall purpose is to identify the factors determining the use of technological innovation in Distance Learning (DL), as perceived by instructors of Business Education programs. The theoretical basis for the study is the Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT). The study's sample is made up of 436 instructors; we used a quantitative…
Nielsen, Chad L.; Miller, Charles D
Biodegradable bioplastics show promise as a replacement for traditional plastics. Cost of production due to the cost of feedstocks and separation/purification processes are the main obstacles to widespread use of bioplastics. The possibility of reducing these costs through using methane gas as a feedstock and genetically transforming a methanotrophic bacterium to secrete bioplastics was investigated through experimentation. The bacteria are a promising option for bioplastic production.
Helness, Nina Enoksen
This thesis investigates Statoils LOOP programme in light of three bodies of literature: open innovation, supplier development, and business relationships. In an open innovation model, companies allow valuable ideas to come from inside or outside the firm. In addition, ideas are permitted to reach the market from inside or outside the company as well. Open innovation is divided into three main categories, depending on whether the company exports internal ideas (inside-out process), impo...
Despite the well-documented association between innovation and business performance, many organizations struggle in their attempts to become successful innovators. This article discusses a recommended “art and science of transformation” approach to help companies improve their innovation performance through effective organizational change. The approach is focused on four key factors: culture, collaboration, strategy, and systems. Examples are drawn from a review of previous research to demons...
Wilkinson, Ian; Young, Louise
We introduce a complex systems perspective on innovation in networks in which innovation is conceptualized as a form of creative act associated with the dynamics and evolution of business network. We show how innovation is a form of creative act that involves the creation of new ideas and their exploitation, in which new ideas come from combining and recombining existing ideas in new ways that have value. We stress the need to move away from traditional linear, comparative static variables ba...
Chanwoo Cho; Sungjoo Lee
The importance of user information and user participation for seeking business opportunities has been widely acknowledged in a variety of industries. Therefore, this study aims to suggest a typology for user innovation models as a strategy for sustainable development and to investigate the characteristics of different types user innovation to encourage and support improved utilization of user innovation in firms. For this purpose, we began by collecting 435 relevant papers from the most-cited...
Aagaard, Annabeth; Lodsgård, Lise
A growing body of research emphasizes the potentials of business-NGO partnerships (BNP’s) in developing sustainable innovation. The purpose of this study is to set up a model for defining these business-NGO partnerships and to investigate through a multiple cross-sectoral case-study how the...... different partnership types are managed to create strategic value through sustainable innovation. The findings reveal different practices, opportunities and challenges in creating SI across the different types of business-NGO partnerships....
This paper presents a novel empirical study of innovation practices of U.S. com- panies and their relation to productivity levels using new business micro data from the Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS) for the years 2008-2011. The paper follows the work of Frenz and Lambert, who use factor analysis to reduce a set of inputs and outputs of innovation activities into four latent unob- served innovation modes or practic...
Full Text Available The declining availability of natural resources and the environmental impacts of continued extraction of primary resources for production activities have forced greater focus on waste streams and recycling activities. Industrial ecology as a field of practice and theory has been closely related to sustainability issues, yet despite the development of much theory and specific tools and methodologies, the link between natural, industrial and economic systems is not convincing. Not only that, the need for delivering sustainable production and consumption practices is increasing, which is demanding new solutions to existing problems, particularly around the degree of novelty. The interaction of industrial ecology with business studies and industrial investment decision-making remains under-developed, and this is likely impacting on the adoption of more sustainable and resource-efficient practices. As such, this paper uses a constructive approach and explores how two areas of the literature can support the development of the industrial ecology field into strategic business practice: firstly, the innovation literature, particularly the emerging work on open innovation and sustainable innovation as a model to understand radical innovation processes and the creation and maintenance of networked systems of firms; secondly, the closely related area of business model (BM innovation, specifically the emerging typologies of sustainable BMs and how these typologies can be developed and used as a route to positioning recycling activities at the strategic management level of the firm.
Rodin D. Y.
Full Text Available In this study, the authors have put the issue of development banking innovation through business process re-engineering in commercial bank. Application of the methodological approaches to the study of sustainable development of banking activity extends the boundaries of banking innovations. On the basis of business process reengineering, the strategic assets and liabilities management were proposed and we tested their optimal structure. Increase of sales of innovative field of credit, deposit and stock products with high customer value for clients leads to increasing economic value of added price of the banking Institute
Nourani, Cyrus F.; Lauth, Codrina
New optimality principles are put forth based on competitive model business planning. A Generalized MinMax local optimum dynamic programming algorithm is presented and applied to business model computing where predictive techniques can determine local optima. Based on a systems model an enterprise...... is not viewed as the sum of its component elements, but the product of their interactions. The paper starts with introducing a systems approach to business modeling. A competitive business modeling technique, based on the author's planning techniques is applied. Systemic decisions are based on common...... organizational goals, and as such business planning and resource assignments should strive to satisfy higher organizational goals. It is critical to understand how different decisions affect and influence one another. Here, a business planning example is presented where systems thinking technique, using Causal...
... technical data and computer software-Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 252.227-7018 Section... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. As prescribed in 227.7104(a), use the following clause: Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program (JUN...
Holm, Anna B.
Within this study, I have analysed emerging business models in the newspaper industry at large, including the role ongoing technological developments play (from paper-based towards digital platforms), and the key activities, which the newspapers undertake in redefining their core business model....... More specifically, I discuss how changes introduced during the on-going development of new content delivery channels have affected the traditional business model based on one delivery channel, i.e. printed newspaper....
Salama, Ahmad; Parvez, Khawar
In this thesis major challenges of creating business models at incumbents within mature industries are identified along with a mitigation plan. Pressure is upon incumbent organizations in order to keep up with the latest rapid technological advancements, the launching of startups that almost cover every field of business and the continuous change in customers’ tastes and needs. That along with various factors either forced organizations to continually reevaluate their current business models ...
Prokopeva Anna Vladimirovna
The problems of risk management in innovation have now become urgent, and their significance is very high. Of particular interest are the conditions and the effectiveness of the choice of a risk classification at different stages of the life cycle of innovation, methods of managing risks, and risk management strategy in the innovation. In fact, today there is no general classification of risks, there is no reasonable start managing risks, and therefore not fully understood, and factors of ris...
Somleva, Maria N; Peoples, Oliver P; Snell, Kristi D
Large scale production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) in plants can provide a sustainable supply of bioplastics, biochemicals, and energy from sunlight and atmospheric CO(2). PHAs are a class of polymers with various chain lengths that are naturally produced by some microorganisms as storage materials. The properties of these polyesters make them functionally equivalent to many of the petroleum-based plastics that are currently in the market place. However, unlike most petroleum-derived plastics, PHAs can be produced from renewable feedstocks and easily degrade in most biologically active environments. This review highlights research efforts over the last 20 years to engineer the production of PHAs in plants with a focus on polyhydroxybutryrate (PHB) production in bioenergy crops with C(4) photosynthesis. PHB has the potential to be a high volume commercial product with uses not only in the plastics and materials markets, but also in renewable chemicals and feed. The major challenges of improving product yield and plant fitness in high biomass yielding C(4) crops are discussed in detail. PMID:23294864
Innovations always have been a destiny of intellectuals engineers, scientists, visionary entrepreneurs. Current development of IT, transfer from the material resources economics to the knowledge one, from authoritarian management to a participative one, gave way to open innovations, crowd sourcing, collective thinking in management. Promising and significant technology for realization of those tendencies is Ackoff's Idealized Design.
GeBaoshan; YaoMeifang; ZhaoBaohua; DavidKelly
Institutional innovations are more important than technical ones and functional innovations than methodological ones. What kind of managerial system is qualified to adapt itself to today's ever-changing environment for its performance? Following the principle of keeping up with the era's advancing pace,
Full Text Available This paper reviews role of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs for sustainable development of bioplastics. PHAs are polyesters of hydroxyalkanoates with the general structural and have been investigated by biologists, chemists, engineers and other experts over the past many years. Bio-based and biodegradable plastics can form the basis for environmentally referable and sustainable alternative to current materials based exclusively on petroleum feed stocks. The result of the efforts made by scientist sought solution in form of biopolymer obtained either from microorganism or plants source and likely to replace currently used synthetic polymers as bioplastic. Applications of PHA as bioplastics, fine chemicals, implant biomaterials, and medicines have been developed. The PHA polymers promise to extend significantly the range of biomaterials as suitable alternative of plastic.
Günzel, Franziska; Holm, Anna B.
Business model innovation is becoming a central research topic in management. However, a lack of a common understanding of the nature of the business model leads to disregarding its multifaceted structure when analyzing the business model innovation process. This article proposes a more detailed...... understanding of the business model innovation process by drawing on existing knowledge from new product development literature and examining the front-end and the back-end of business model innovation of three leading Danish newspapers. We studied how changes introduced during the development of digital news...... production and delivery have affected key components of these business models, namely value creation, proposition, delivery and capture in the period 2002–2011. Our findings suggest the need to distinguish between front-end and back-end business model innovation processes, and to recognize the importance of...
Open innovation and organizational innovation: organizational innovation as leverage for open innovation practices and the effect of open and organizational innovation practices on business performance
Anzola Román, Paula
Open innovation is currently one of the hottest topics in innovation management, in particular since in 2003 it was conceptualized as “the use of purposive inflows and outflows of knowledge to accelerate internal innovation and to expand the markets for external use of innovation, respectively” (Chesbrough et al., 2006). This concept is based on the idea that the search for innovations is carried out with the participation of external actors (Enkel et al., 2009). However, th...
Companies regularly reassess and reorganize their business models in order to create value and generate growth. They also reassess the price-performance correlation and new levels of capital efficiency. The new business models are frequently needed to provide goods at affordable prices through the adaptation of packaging strategies, pricing strategies, the product itself, and by helping to sustain financially the demand. In the context of current financial and economic difficulties, it reveal...
Hvass, Kristian Anders
The deregulated scheduled passenger airline industry is in a constant state of motion as managers continually adapt their business models to meet the challenging market environment. Such adaptation has led to a variety of airlines populating the industry; from the birth of low-cost carriers to the transformation of state-owned behemoths to lean and successful carriers. These dynamics challenge airline managers to continuously acclimate their business models and to understand industry evolu...
Gudanescu, Nicoleta; Adrian NICOLAU; Daniela MITRAN
This paper work emphasizes the importance of the strategic management for the present companies, no matter the dimension or the field. More important becomes thou, the implementation and utilization of systems that represents support for business processes and information flows because of focus on co-operation and networking activities of today’s companies. The models created for running businesses are creative but in some cases these are not paying attention to the ICT point of view. There i...
Marlene Johansson; Jan Tony Abrahamsson
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to investigate how business models are used by born global firms to act upon new business opportunities and how they manage business model innovation over time to prosper and grow. Design/Methodology: The study is based on three exploratory case studies of born global firms in mobile communication, financial services and digital music distribution. Findings: Three interrelated capabilities to manage business model innovation are articulated in...
Ţoniş BuceaManea, Rocsana; Catană, Mădălin Gabriel; Tonoiu, Sergiu
The SMEs represent an important factor of growth in both developed and developing countries, into which, however, they face different obstacles in the process of innovation. This paper analyses how open communication and collaboration can help SMEs in their struggle for sustainable innovation and profitable market competition. Based on a literature review, a number of obstacles that SMEs have to overcome in their current activity and possible support to be competitive are revealed. The main b...
Skipenes, Sverre Sandvold
With changing markets and regulatory frameworks companies must adapt in order to stay competitive. Initiating innovative activities in large, well-established organizations can be a challenging process and theorists debate how this should be done without hampering existing products and processes. By conducting an exploratory case study this research provides an in-depth understanding of the process leading to organizing for innovation in Avinor ANSD. By investigating the five propositions der...
Full Text Available This article briefly discusses the origins and development of the business model concept resulting in a high level definition. Against this backdrop, frameworks from the literature around green business models with examples of green business models and the business model innovation process are presented. The article then discusses the origins and meaning of different "green" concepts relevant for the circular value chain concluding with a high level definition. The article finally outline the process by which a business model for a circular value chain can be developed taking into account the social dilemma that exist in these type of situations. The article concludes with the specific questions that need to be answered in order to create an appropriate business model for a circular value chain.
Rafols, Ismael; O'Hare, Alice; Nightingale, Paul; Stirling, Andy
While interdisciplinary research (IDR) is valued as a means of encouraging scientific breakthroughs, innovation and socially relevant science, it is also widely perceived as being at a disadvantage in research evaluations. Various qualitative studies have provided evidence that peer review tends to be biased against IDR. However, quantitative investigations on this claim have been few and inconclusive. This paper provides new quantitative evidence of how journal rankings can disadvantage IDR in evaluation. Using publication data it compares the degree of interdisciplinarity and the research performance of innovation studies units with business and management schools in the UK. The paper uses various mappings and metrics to show that innovation studies units are consistently more interdisciplinary than business and management schools. It shows that the top journals in the Association of Business Schools' rankings span a less diverse set of disciplines than lower ranked journals, and that this bias results in a...
Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this article is to investigate how business models are used by born global firms to act upon new business opportunities and how they manage business model innovation over time to prosper and grow. Design/Methodology: The study is based on three exploratory case studies of born global firms in mobile communication, financial services and digital music distribution. Findings: Three interrelated capabilities to manage business model innovation are articulated in the context of born global firms; sensing capabilities, entrepreneurial capabilities and relational capabilities and four propositions are formulated. We find that business model innovations are used as a tool by maturing born global firms to navigate the value chains and achieve international growth. We further propose that born global need the capabilities to balance different business model designs simultaneously and to manage its business model innovation in a timely manner. Originality: This article contributes to both the business model literature and research of international entrepreneurship. By putting business model research into the dynamic context of rapidly internationalizing born global firms, we contribute to the field of business model research with findings of how business models are used in the internationalization processes. Certain capabilities are needed to manage business model innovation for born global firms to dynamically use business models as a tool in the international growth overtime.
Purpose – This paper aims to set up a natural experiment as action research and to develop a framework of cognitive distance of informants to improve the initiation of service encounter-based innovation. Design/methodology/approach – Natural experiment as action research in one Scandinavian case ...... an emerging innovation field, open/user-driven innovation. Theory from business marketing, service encounter and innovation is also used.......Purpose – This paper aims to set up a natural experiment as action research and to develop a framework of cognitive distance of informants to improve the initiation of service encounter-based innovation. Design/methodology/approach – Natural experiment as action research in one Scandinavian case...... transcriptions of interviews and transcriptions. Research limitations/implications – Only one Scandinavian company and a limited number of informants were activated. Also, the time period only included the initiation phase of service encounter-based innovation. Practical implications – Three different strategies...
Shariff, Arifulla; Elsalhy, Mennatullah
This study investigates the drivers and forms of business model innovation. It is built on the business model innovation typology proposed by Koen et al. (2011), we have developed its dimensions into Hurdle rate, technology, partners value network and customer value network. The study used these dimensions as a base to differentiate between the two approaches of the business model innovation which were identified as innovating the existing business model approach and multiple business model a...
Presenting an integrated and holistic perspective on innovation management, and product design and development, this monograph offers a unique and original understanding of how these two perspectives are interconnected. This book explores these themes in a scientifically rigorous manner, associating academic findings with examples from business. It provides readers with the conceptual and decision-making tools required to understand and manage the process of innovation at different levels, from the analysis of industry-wide phenomena to the formulation of a strategy, and from the planning of operations to the management of technical choices. Chapters cover innovation as an economic and social phenomenon, the formulation of innovation strategy, the management of product development processes and projects, and the technical design of products and services. Offering an invaluable resource to postgraduate students in economics, business and engineering, this book is also intended for managers and entrepreneurs.
Child, John; Hsieh, Linda; Elbanna, Said;
Although there have been many studies of the relationship between innovation and exporting among SMEs, two significant gaps in understanding remain. These concern, first, the specific forms of innovation and exporting SMEs undertake and, second, the role of industry in differentiating between the...... consequence for the internationalization behavior of its member firms........ This paper addresses these two research gaps by investigating whether there is a systematic variation in the specifics of the innovation-exporting business models adopted by SMEs according to their industry membership. The sample of 180 firms includes an equal number of SMEs actively engaged in exporting...... and located in the clothing, software and biotechnology industries across six economies. The results indicate that SMEs in each industry follow distinctive business models with respect to innovation and exporting. It is concluded that industry is an institutionalized socio-technical system of considerable...
Tambo, Torben; Bækgaard, Lars
technologies. In management of IT, it has become increasingly popular to use Enterprise Architecture (EA) as a method and supported by a series of formal frameworks. EA maps artifacts and motives against the business strategy. In this paper, MOT and EA are reviewed for their mutual potentials and issues. Two...... well planned technological changes. Management of technology (MOT) addresses identification, selection, (long term) planning, designing, implementation and operation of technology based business development. Information Technology (IT) is a key enabler for a vast range of contemporary corporate...... case studies illustrate how enterprises can make major changes derived from business strategy observing both MOT and EA. This suggests a combined view inspired from the IT business’ dedication to EA using EA’s formalisms and the management orientation of MOT to improve understanding technological...
two phases of surveys and experimentation. In the first phase, the tendency and acceptance level of users towards watching advertisements to unlock value are measured. In the next phase, a platform prototype is developed to test and understand user actions towards receiving value. The sample includes...... 52 users of different nationalities who were seeking relationships on an online dating platform. Results revealed that users accept advertising and will perform requested actions if they can perceive the delivered value. Practical implications of this research include insights to help move away from....... The business model was generated from the concept of audience commodification and is based on the idea of looking at the users as source of a tradeable asset in business-to-business markets. Here, attention and actions are the assets that users pay to access the proposed value. The research includes...
Kim, Walter S.; Bitler, Dean W.; Prok, George M.; Metzger, Marie E.; Dreibelbis, Cindy L.; Ganss, Meghan
This booklet of success stories highlights the NASA Glenn Research Center's accomplishments and successes by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs. These success stories are the results of selecting projects that support NASA missions and also have high commercialization potential. Each success story describes the innovation accomplished, commercialization of the technology, and further applications and usages. This booklet emphasizes the integration and incorporation of technologies into NASA missions and other government projects. The company name and the NASA contact person are identified to encourage further usage and application of the SBIR developed technologies and also to promote further commercialization of these products.
Kanter, R M
Corporations are continually looking for new sources of innovation. Today several leading companies are beginning to find inspiration in an unexpected place: the social sector. That includes public schools, welfare-to-work programs, and the inner city. Indeed, a new paradigm for innovation is emerging: a partnership between private enterprise and public interest that produces profitable and sustainable change for both sides. In this article, the author shows how some companies are moving beyond corporate social responsibility to corporate social innovation. Traditionally, companies viewed the social sector as a dumping ground for their spare cash, obsolete equipment, and tired executives. But that mind-set hardly created lasting change. Now companies are viewing community needs as opportunities to develop ideas and demonstrate business technologies; find and serve new markets; and solve long-standing business problems. They focus on inventing sophisticated solutions through a hands-on approach. This is not charity; it is R & D, a strategic business investment. The author concedes that it isn't easy to make the new paradigm work. But she has found that successful private-public partnerships share six characteristics: a clear business agenda, strong partners committed to change, investment by both parties, rootedness in the user community, links to other organizations, and a commitment to sustain and replicate the results. Drawing on examples of successful companies such as IBM and Bell Atlantic, the author illustrates how this paradigm has produced innovations that have both business and community payoffs. PMID:10387574
Jegede, Ifeoluwa Olaitan; Haskan, Tarkan
For every firm, company or business organisation, growth and progress is the major focus. In fact for every facet of living organism, growth is an essential factor which if not in place, stagnation is inevitable. Growth in this sense could be in terms of the market performance, sales, number of employees to mention a few. There have been researches carried out on different factors which could enhance or have positive influence on business growth, one of them is Innovation. Leadership of an or...
DIGAMBAR L. JAMGE
The management education must have the vision of creating the Entrepreneurs and the best Managers. In this ever growing B-school's educational competitions, it is assumed that career development of students could be possible by the way of developing new business innovations and challenging ventures. Our purpose here is to describe efforts at developing a curriculum for entrepreneurship and to consider the role of academia in business commercialization. Central to our efforts is the developmen...
Soto-Acosta, Pedro; Loukis, Euripidis; Colomo-Palacios, Ricardo; Lytras, Miltiadis D.
In recent years, much debate about the value of information technology (IT) in general and e-business in particular and has been raised. Aiming to contribute to the investigation of whether and how Internet/WWW technologies create business value, this paper develops a conceptual model, grounded on a well established theoretical foundation from the strategic management domain, the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm, which analyzes web infrastructure and internet-based innovation as sources ...
Miller, D.; Wright, M.; Le Breton-Miller, I.; Scholes, L.
Family business socio-emotional preferences are often Janus-faced. Some strive to create a strong business they can pass on to offspring by building innovation-promoting resources such as human, relational, and financial capital. Other family firms cater to family desires for unqualified nepotism, altruism towards undeserving kin, and appropriation of firm assets to fulfill parochial desires that erode these resources. This article explores how such preferences, together with their impact on ...
Jensen, Henrik; Sund, Kristian J.
New digital entrants in the media industry have changed the competitive landscape for advertisers and media alike. In particular, over the past decade media agencies have grown more rapidly than the media market as a whole, securing a larger share of the value generated in the advertising value...... chain. Based on secondary data and in-depth interviews with 11 Danish media agency CEOs, and using the nine building blocks suggested in the business model canvas framework of Osterwalder and Pigneur (2010), we develop a grounded process model describing how these agencies have altered their business...
TSince current Japanese patent law was enacted in 1959, it has been revised several times, mainly for the purpose of international harmonization. Recently the Japanese government stresses the importance of pro-patent policies, i.e., strengthening intellectual property right in order to stimulate business innovation and to regain international competitiveness. This paper assesses the impact of series of revisions of Japanese patent system on firm's innovation activities, by using statistical d...
This PhD dissertation focuses on business model innovation (BMI), which plays a central role in explaining firm performance and is viewed as a source of competitive advantage. A recent global survey of more than 4,000 senior executives by the Economist Intelligence Unit found that the majority (54%) favoured BMI over product or service innovation as a source of future competitive advantage. Hence, the research on BMI is a salient topic for strategic management and entrepreneurs...
Hattingh, Rayno Jacob.
The aim of this study was to assess the impact that Business Process Excellence has on the innovation process to create new products and services in the software development environment. The best practices were identified in the current use of BPE in software development organisations. Subsequently, a proposal was put forward to enhance the use of BPE in the software development process to create innovative products and services. Once these products are implemented the organ...
Full Text Available In the article authors system of the analysis and the estimation of competitiveness of business subjects is presented. It is based on four elements: theory; law; principle; method. The model of competitive strategy is resulted, it is described with three components: growth rate, differentiation of the market and the product differentiation.
Full Text Available The increasing interest in eco-innovation or environmental innovation as a strategy not only to address the serious global environmental problems but also as a source of competitive advantages for companies and for the emergence of new business areas, leads us to try to identify the different factors that act as determinants of its development and adoption at the micro level. In this paper we integrate the findings from several recent empirical studies according to our own classification of factors derived from the variables used in those analyses. From a conventional perspective we referred to the structural characteristics of firms (size, sector, age, the business logic (cost savings, market expansion or to its technological competence (R&D, path dependencies, qualification of staff and management, cooperation and participation in networks, etc.. We added another category to refer to organizational or marketing innovations that reflect the existence of a certain environmental strategy within the company. In general, the findings show that factors influencing conventional innovation also work in relation to eco-innovation, in particular those related to cost savings and technological competence. Therefore, along with a stringent environmental regulation (justified because of the specific characteristics of eco-innovation specific supply and demand side instruments are convenient. Measures to disseminate environmental information amongst all stakeholders can also be very useful to promote environmentally friendly and economically viable products and processes, as well as forms of organization and new business.
The genomics revolution has generated an unprecedented number of assets to propel innovation. Initial availability of genomics-based applications show a significant potential to contribute addressing global challenges, such as human health, food security, alternative sources of energies, and environmental sustainability. In the last years, most developed and emerging nations have established bioeconomy agendas where genomics plays a major role to meet their local needs. Genomic medicine is one of the most visible areas where genomics innovation is likely to contribute to a more individualized, predictive, and preventive medical practice. Examples in agriculture, dairy and beef, fishery, aquaculture, and forests industries include the effective selection of genetic variants associated to traits of economic value. Some, in addition to producing more and better foods, already represent an important increase in revenues to their respective industries. It is reasonable to predict that genomics applications will lead to a paradigm shift in our ability to ease significant health, economic, and social burdens. However, to successfully benefit from genomics innovations, it is imperative to address a number of hurdles related to generating robust scientific evidence, developing lower-cost sequencing technologies, effective bioinformatics, as well as sensitive ethical, economical, environmental, legal, and social aspects associated with the development and use of genomics innovations. PMID:26632961
Gröessler, Andreas; Laugen, Bjørge Timenes; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann;
analyses are used of data collected from an international sample of manufacturing firms through the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey. The main findings are that, while focused as well as continuous innovation firms exist in all three types of business environments identified in this paper......The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which continuous innovation is pursued as a strategy for manufacturing firms in different types of competitive environments, and whether continuous innovation firms perform better than focused firms in certain environments. Statistical...
The electric power sector stands at the beginning of a fundamental transformation process towards a more sustainable production based on renewable energies. Consequently, electric utilities as incumbent actors face a massive challenge to find new ways of creating, delivering, and capturing value from renewable energy technologies. This study investigates utilities' business models for renewable energies by analyzing two generic business models based on a series of in-depth interviews with German utility managers. It is found that utilities have developed viable business models for large-scale utility-side renewable energy generation. At the same time, utilities lack adequate business models to commercialize small-scale customer-side renewable energy technologies. By combining the business model concept with innovation and organization theory practical recommendations for utility mangers and policy makers are derived. - Highlights: • The energy transition creates a fundamental business model challenge for utilities. • German utilities succeed in large-scale and fail in small-scale renewable generation. • Experiences from other industries are available to inform utility managers. • Business model innovation capabilities will be crucial to master the energy transition
... Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase I--Grant Application... for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program (CFDA 84.133). This is in response to Public...://edicsweb.ed.gov , by selecting the ``Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number...
... Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase II--Grant... application for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program (CFDA 84.133). This is in response to...://edicsweb.ed.gov , by selecting the ``Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number...
Conlon, Jo; Taylor, Andrew
With the increasingly ubiquitous nature of social networks and cloud computing, users are starting to explore new ways to interact with, and exploit these developing paradigms. Social networks are used to reﬂect real world relationships that allow users to share information and form connections between one another, essentially creating dynamic virtual organizations. (Chard et al, 2010) The reality within the fashion industry is that business practices are evolving at an unprecedented rate in...
Valentina Gecevska; Paolo Chiabert; Zoran Anisic; Franco Lombardi; Franc Cus
Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) is the process of managing the whole life cycle of a product starting from generating an idea, concept description, business analyzes, product design and solution architecture and technical implementation, to the successful entrance to the market, service, maintenance and product improvement. At present, a wide range of stakeholders including consumers, regulators, shareholders and public bodies are demanding that companies address product management through...
Full Text Available The importance of user information and user participation for seeking business opportunities has been widely acknowledged in a variety of industries. Therefore, this study aims to suggest a typology for user innovation models as a strategy for sustainable development and to investigate the characteristics of different types user innovation to encourage and support improved utilization of user innovation in firms. For this purpose, we began by collecting 435 relevant papers from the most-cited academic journals. Then, we developed a typology of user innovation models, which consist of four types including workshop-based, consortium-based, crowdsourcing-based and platform-based, and we investigated the characteristics of the suggested types in terms of applications and research trends. The analysis results reveal that each type has different characteristics and that there exist some research gaps in the user innovation field. Our results are expected to foster understanding of user innovation for guiding sustainable business development and provide useful information for both researchers and innovation mangers.
M. Hendra S. Ginting,
Full Text Available Nowadays, bioplastics is often researched to substitute the conventional plastics because bioplastics come from raw materials that is very enviromentally friendly and bioplastics is degradable. The purposes of this research are to know the characteristics of starch from durian seed and to know the effect of additional chitosan as filler, sorbitol as plasticizer, and variation of heating temperature bioplastic solution on mechanical properties of bioplastics. In process, the ratio between durian-seed starch and chitosan are 7:3, 8:2 and 9:1 gram, while the concentration of sorbitol are 20%, 30%, and 40%. The heating temperature of bioplastic solution is varied at 70 oC, 80 oC and 90 oC. Result of bioplastic FTIR shows there is increation of wave number N-H from 1570.06 cm- 1 to 1589.34 cm-1 and O-H from 3352.28 cm-1 to 3653.18 cm-1 . The characteristic of durian seed starch has water content 12.73%, ash content 0,51%, starch content 76,65%, amylose content 22.34%, amylopectin content 54.32%, protein content 11.61%, and fat content 0.61%. Optimum mechanical properties of bioplastic from durian seed starch occurs in heating temperature 70 oC with composition between durian-seed starch and chitosan is 7:3 grams and sorbitol 20.0 grams.
Full Text Available This paper examines the experience of business incubation as an innovative developmental instrument based on the recent experience of the South American countries of Brazil and Chile and the Caribbean island nation of Trinidad and Tobago. A qualitative research method was adopted involving a review of published reports, journal articles and relevant case studies; and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with incubator managerial staff. The major findings are that there are great similarities among the incubators studied in terms of their links to universities, services offered, and funding challenges, but there is growing acceptance of incubation as a potentially valid tool for promoting business development and innovation although most incubators are at the early stage. The paper is original because the case study application to incubation in Trinidad and Tobago is new with only one related article published, and this study therefore adds value to the body of research because business incubation has been under-researched in the study area. The research is limited to the extent that the case study focuses on a comparison of selected incubator features and did not include the views of clients. The practical implications of this study is that sponsors of incubators and managers need to obtain a deeper understanding of the incubation ecosystem especially with regard to innovation-based incubators, if successful innovative businesses are to emerge. The results of the study can also be generalized over the small island developing states of the Caribbean.
Non-proprietary summaries of Phase 1 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects supported by NASA in the 1987 program year are given. Work in the areas of aeronautical propulsion, aerodynamics, acoustics, aircraft systems, materials and structures, teleoperators and robotics, computer sciences, information systems, spacecraft systems, spacecraft power supplies, spacecraft propulsion, bioastronautics, satellite communication, and space processing are covered.
Takeishi, Akira, 1958-.; Lee, Kyoung-Joo
This paper examines how mobile music businesses have been developed in Japan and Korea, two countries that have led the world in creating and developing the mobile music industry. We pay attention to the music copyright institution as a "reverse salient," which we argue has played an important role to determine the direction and timing of mobile music innovation in the two countries.
Gennadyevna, Novikova Natalia; Mikhailovna, Zorina Natalia; Vadimovich, Kortunov Vadim
This article highlights an important role of speech studies disciplines in teaching students to create business discourse, stresses practical orientation of teaching, a need to achieve a greater and more effective balance of theory and practice. The article presents innovative forms of teaching students to create and percept institutional business…
Harison, Elad; Koski, Heli
Our study aims at shedding light on the innovative business strategies in the software sector and understanding better the economics that underlies the supply of Open Source Software (OSS). We use survey data collected from 170 Finnish software companies to investigate how different properties of so
Pogner, Karl-Heinz; Tsakarestou, Betty
to address societies’ challenges remains a concern for governments, cities, businesses and social innovators. These solutions emerge out of changes in technologies, advancement of knowledge as well as of the emerging model of the collaborative and sharing economy and networked peer local and global...
Vančová, Viera; Čambál, Miloš; Cagáňová, Dagmar
Nowadays, the opportunity for companies to be involved in cluster initiatives and international business associations is a major factor that contributes to the increase of their innovative potential. Companies organized in technological clusters have greater access to mutual business contacts, faster information transfer and deployment of advanced technologies. These companies cooperate more frequently with universities and research - development institutions on innovative projects. An important benefit of cluster associations is that they create a suitable environment for innovation and the transfer of knowledge by means of international cooperation and networking. This supportive environment is not easy to access for different small and mediumsized companies, who are not members of any clusters or networks. Supplier-customer business channels expand by means of transnational networks and exchanges of experience. Knowledge potential is broadened and joint innovative projects are developed. Reflecting the growing importance of clusters as driving forces of economic and regional development, a number of cluster policies and initiatives have emerged in the last few decades, oriented to encourage the establishment of new clusters, to support existing clusters, or to assist the development of transnational cooperation. To achieve the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy, European countries should have an interest in building strong clusters and developing cluster cooperation by sharing specialized research infrastructures and testing facilities and facilitating knowledge transfer for crossborder cooperation. This requires developing a long term joint strategy in order to facilitate the development of open global clusters and innovative small and medium entrepreneurs.
. Many prior researches have shown that the foreign subsidiaries play important role in shaping the overall strategy of the parent company. However, little is known about how subsidiary specifically facilitates business model innovation (BMI) in emerging markets. Adopting the method of comparative and......Business model innovation plays a very important role in developing competitive advantage when multinational small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from developed country enter into emerging markets because of the large contextual distances or gaps between the emerging and developed economies...... longitudinal case study, we tracked the BMI processes of four SMEs from Denmark operating in China. Using resource-based view (RBV), we develop one theoretical framework which indicates that initiative-taking and improvisational capability of subsidiary are the two primary facilitators of business model...
Business Intelligence plays the crucial role in the question of serching for the truth in organizations. Trend of data growing defines the importance of analytical tools for organizations. Innovation is perceived as the only driver which leads to higher living standards in a society in the longterm run (according to the World Economic Forum). This thesis joins two areas: innovation and analytical field of business informatics (Business Intelligence, Big Data). The main goal of this thesis is ...
Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter
Relative to, for example, radical product innovation process, little isknown about business model innovation, let alone the process of managingthe risks involved in that process. Using the emerging Enterprise RiskManagement (ERM) literature, an approach is proposed through whichrisk management can...... be embedded in the business model innovationprocess. The integrated risk management/business model innovationprocess model has been tested through an action research study in aDanish company. The results are promising and warrant continuation ofthe development of that model....
Relevant literature notes that leadership in business contexts inspires innovativeness. This study considers this insight as a starting point but moves beyond the existing literature by focusing only on leaders to understand how leadership inspires a leader¡¯s own innovativeness. The author chose the people who own and manage a business (owner-managers) and used the perceptions of workers in businesses to evaluate the existence of leadership as well as leadership orientations of owner-manager...
This paper proposes a research program on Business Process Innovation: Towards Global Supply Chain Intelligence. Few words are more ubiquitous in business or society today than "innovation". This reflects that businesses are striving for ways to survive and thrive in an increasingly complex and connected world (IBM 2006). Most industrial supply chains today are globally scattered and nearly all organizations rely on their Enterprise Information Systems (ES) for integration and coordination of...
Full Text Available This article addresses the current condition of Slovenian business environment and its support to open innovation. By carrying out qualitative empirical research, we investigate to what extent determinants from internal, narrower and broader external business environment influence open innovation in Slovenian companies. Several support mechanisms were established to create friendlier environment for open innovation. Our study indicates that if Slovenia wants to be successful on the long run, supportive environment cannot and should not be based solely on government financial support, but must also contain other elements that affect technological development, meaning: 1 organizational culture, values, reward system; 2 legislation; 3 tax and social contributions; 4 bureaucratic barriers; 5 human resources; and 6 favorable bank loans, bank guarantees, venture capital, etc. The paper concludes with implications for managers and policy makers, outlining several promising areas for future research.
DIGAMBAR L. JAMGE
Full Text Available The management education must have the vision of creating the Entrepreneurs and the best Managers. In this ever growing B-school's educational competitions, it is assumed that career development of students could be possible by the way of developing new business innovations and challenging ventures. Our purpose here is to describe efforts at developing a curriculum for entrepreneurship and to consider the role of academia in business commercialization. Central to our efforts is the development of an innovative entrepreneurial course in the MBA program at University level. The interdisciplinary course blends three perspectives needed for the ef ectivecommercialization of innovation: entrepreneurial thought, action, and leadership; design thinking; and team building
Full Text Available The large amount of data that companies are dealing with, day by day, is a big challenge for the traditional BI systems and databases. A significant part of this data is usually wasted because the companies do not own the appropriate capacity to process it. In the actual competitive environment, this lost data could point up valuable information if it was analyzed and put in the right context. In these circumstances, in-memory databases seem to be the solution. This innovative technology combined with specialized BI solutions offers high performance and satisfaction to users and comes up with new data modeling and processing options.
Ruxandra BABEANU; Marian CIOBANU
The large amount of data that companies are dealing with, day by day, is a big challenge for the traditional BI systems and databases. A significant part of this data is usually wasted because the companies do not own the appropriate capacity to process it. In the actual competitive environment, this lost data could point up valuable information if it was analyzed and put in the right context. In these circumstances, in-memory databases seem to be the solution. This innovative technology comb...
Mexcur, Winfield Paul
The United Space Congress established the SBIR program in 1982 for the following purposes: ( 1) Stimulate technological innovation (2) Increase private-sector commercialization derived from federal R&D (3) Use small business to meet federal R&D needs (4) Foster and encourage participation by disadvantaged persons and women in technological innovation The STTR program was established in 1992 with the additional requirement of having a small business partner with a research institution (usually a university) for the purpose of transferring intellectual property from the research institution to the small business concern for enabling a government technical need and furthering the technological development for the purpose of developing commercial products. The government of Japan has established a program that models portions of the U.S. SBIR and STTR programs. They are very interested in how NASA has been so successful in fulfilling the Congressional objectives of these programs. In particular, they want to understand the management practices and incentives that are provided to enable partnerships between business enterprises, academia and government. The speech will also focus on some of the many successful technologies (on a conceptual level) that have been developed through NASA s SBIR and STTR programs and mechanisms used to promote cooperation between small businesses, large businesses, academia and government agencies within the United States. The speech is on a conceptual level, focusing on U.S. and NASA policies and management implementation practices. No enabling technical discussion will be held.
Yeoh Khar Kheng
Full Text Available Innovative work behavior plays a central role in the long-term survival of knowledge-intensive business services in Malaysia. Even though innovation and creativity and their influences on the Malaysian economy and its future growth are important, research on this area is still inadequate. Underpinned by the Social Exchange Theory, this empirical study attempts to determine the relationship that may exist between pro-innovation climate, leader-member exchange (LMX, and social capital with the innovative work behavior (IWB among the knowledge workers in the KIBS sector in Malaysia. A quantitative method was utilized and a total of 1520 questionnaires was distributed and resulted in 20.6% response rate. The results revealed that there were significant relationship between pro-innovation climate, social capital and leader-member exchange with the innovative work behavior of knowledge workers. In addition, among the three independent variables, pro-innovation climate had been found to be the most significant predictor of innovative work behavior.
52 users of different nationalities who were seeking relationships on an online dating platform. Results revealed that users accept advertising and will perform requested actions if they can perceive the delivered value. Practical implications of this research include insights to help move away from......This article reports on a research project aimed at developing a business model by changing the value-creation mechanism. The essence of this change is to persuade customers to perform actions in favour of the service provider. Such actions include responding to advertising clips to unlock value...... two phases of surveys and experimentation. In the first phase, the tendency and acceptance level of users towards watching advertisements to unlock value are measured. In the next phase, a platform prototype is developed to test and understand user actions towards receiving value. The sample includes...
Joint Applied Project This report investigates the scope and boundaries surrounding Open Innovation methodologies, Web 2.0 technologies and Crowdsourcing to determine their appropriateness for government use and how/when they can be used. Open Innovation methodology revolutionizes the inflow and outflow of organizational information and the administration of intellectual property. It brings together individuals with diverse talents across multiple disciplines to collaborate on projects. We...
Full Text Available Despite the well-documented association between innovation and business performance, many organizations struggle in their attempts to become successful innovators. This article discusses a recommended “art and science of transformation” approach to help companies improve their innovation performance through effective organizational change. The approach is focused on four key factors: culture, collaboration, strategy, and systems. Examples are drawn from a review of previous research to demonstrate successful innovation practice using similar approaches, and examples of less successful practice are included to highlight ways in which an "art and science" approach can help overcome the difficulties often faced. The article concludes with some practical, step-by-step guidance based on the art and science of transformation framework.
Magdalena Daria Vaverková
Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the biodegradability of bioplastic materials – sponge cloths – available on the European market that are labeled as 100% biodegradable but not certified as compostable. The test was carried out in a controlled composting environment. The project length was 22 weeks. The emphasis was put on discovering whether the sponge cloths are biodegradable or not. Based on the results thereof it can be concluded that sponge cloths have not decomposed completely but their color has changed and that degradation and physical changes occurred. Samples A1, and A2 have not decomposed completely and exhibited very slow degradation rate. Sample B5 exhibited the highest degradation rate. Samples B3, B4 exhibited high degree of decomposition. The main conclusion from this study is that biodegradation of bioplastics materials strongly depends on both the environment in which they are placed and the chemical nature of the material.
Full Text Available Supply chain finance (SCF is concerned with the capital flows within a supply chain, an area often neglected in past decades, while SCF does have an impact on a firm’s capability to adopt sustainable supply chain management (SCM practices. The aim of this study is to explore new insight from a growing body of research which is investigating SCF issues in China, an evolving transition economy. A content analysis on a review of 151 Chinese-written SCF papers from 2004–2014, based on a sample of 45 leading Chinese journals (Chinese Social Science Citation Index, CSSCI was conducted from three perspectives: topical coverage, theoretical application and methodological inquiry. The study reveals that the research stream of SCF in China has emerged and evolved to a considerable extent. However, the SCF phenomenon in China is not exactly the same as “SCF” as it is perceived in the mature economy, which is articulated in mainstream SCM English literature. The Chinese business context in which SCF has been implemented has played a dominant role in initiating, affecting and even shaping SCF. This study represents the first endeavor in the field of SCM. It diffuses the Chinese-written SCF research in mainstream SCM English literature.
Nechaev Andrej Sergeevich; Basova Anna Vladimirovna
The definition «tax stimulation of innovation-active business entities» is specified. The author’s view on this definition within regional taxation is submitted. The correlation between the regional taxation and the indicators of financial and property condition of the business entities is considered. The algorithm of the tax rate of Corporate property tax, motor vehicle tax and income tax to be credited to the regional budget as a function of the rate of return on assets is developed.
The NASA SBIR Composite List of Projects, 1983 to 1989, includes all projects that have been selected for support by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program of NASA. The list describes 1232 Phase 1 and 510 Phase 2 contracts that had been awarded or were in negotiation for award in August 1990. The main body is organized alphabetically by name of the small businesses. Four indexes cross-reference the list. The objective of this listing is to provide information about the SBIR program to anyone concerned with NASA research and development activities.
Full Text Available This paperwork approach the topic of sustainability as an essential condition for business survival on any market. In this context, the question is if companies are actively integrating sustainability principles into their businesses. The objective for this paper is to present how much innovation and new technologies help companies on their path to achieving sustainability and what could be done more in this direction. The paper aim is realised based on the results of a marketing research conducted among Romanian companies from different industries.
China, after its implementation of foreign direct investment policy in December 1978, has continued to receive investments from international companies, and this has been one of the primary driving engines behind the Asian business development. Electronics products originating either from U.S.A. or Europe have experienced tremendous industry shifts to the Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China. This paper examines, from the general perspective, the recent development of t...
Muhammad Yunus; Thierry Sibieude; Eric Lesueur
Do big businesses have to play a role on their own in poverty alleviation? And if so, what are the means of action they are able and eager to implement? For decades, eradicating poverty has been a challenge tackled by public interventions, international development organizations, NGOs. Since the question raised about corporate responsibility, there have been more and more integrated initiatives aiming at reducing social and environmental negative impact of a company. Some are convinced there ...
NisB-short for The Network is the Business-facilitates a network of heterogeneous information producers and consumers that share a common interest in harmonizing their knowledge assets. By trading knowledge assets, the network establishes and refines interoperability between its parties. The value of the accumulated interoperability knowledge in the network improves as more the network grows in parties and assets and that interoperability knowledge constitutes economic value in its own right....
This is the eighth annual solicitation by NASA addressed to small business firms, inviting them to submit proposals for research, or research and development, activities in some of the science and engineering areas of interest to NASA. The solicitation describes the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program, identifies eligibility requirements, outlines the required proposal format and content, states proposal preparation and submission requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in NASA's SBIR program. It also identifies the technical topics and subtopics for which SBIR proposals are solicited. These cover a broad range of current NASA interests, but do not necessarily include all areas in which NASA plans or currently conducts research. High-risk high pay-off innovations are desired.
This booklet presents technical abstracts of Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 under the DOE Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR research explores innovative concepts in important technological and scientific areas that can lead to valuable new technology and products. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications, as described by the awardee, are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly
Kojiro, Daniel R.; Lee, Geoffrey S.
The purposes of the SBIR Program are to: stimulate technological innovation in the private sector; strengthen the role of Small Business Concerns (SBCs) in meeting Federal research and development needs; increase the commercial application of these research results; and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged persons and women-owned small businesses. The process can be highly rewarding, providing the small business with resources to pursue research and development with a focus on providing NASA with new and advanced capabilities. We present two examples of how the NASA Ames SBIR Program has addressed these purposes, nurturing innovative ideas from small, businesses into commercially viable products that also address analytical needs in space research. These examples, from the Science Instruments for Conducting Solar System Exploration Subtopic, describe the journey from innovative concept to analytical instrument, one successful and one hampered by numerous roadblocks (including some international intrigue}.
Michael Barrett; Geoff Walsham
The recent major changes in the general insurance sector have significantly increased the need for the development and use of IT for business innovation. This paper uses the case study method to explore how a Jamaican general insurance company responded to these pressures by establishing a cross-cultural joint venture for IT development. The research was guided at the meta-level by the principles of structuration theory, but explicitly uses the more familiar perspectives of culture, learning,...
Geipel, Teresa Margareta
This paper concerns the phenomenon of the sharing economy and aims to understand, how companies can enter this new economy by innovating in services and developing new business models. The scientific approach to the paper is hermeneutic. Therewith the focus is on understanding the above named phenomenon and contributing with new insights and understandings. The first part describes the method that has been used writing this thesis. The second part provides an overview on the scientific l...
MELICIANI Valentina; Savona, Maria
The article accounts for the determinants of sectoral specialisation in business services (BS) across the EU-27 regions as determined by: (i) agglomeration economies (ii) the region-specific structure of intermediate linkages (iii) technological innovation and knowledge intensity and (iv) the presence of these factors in neighbouring regions. The empirical analysis draws upon the REGIO panel database over the period 1999–2003. By estimating a Spatial Durbin Model, we find significant spatial ...
The paper deals with the policies for an idealized transition of a National System of Innovation (NSI) from a system reflecting a relatively closed industrializing economy to an NSI which reflects the conditions of a well-developed "Information Society" and "Learning Economy". The analysis of the transition process analyse the NSI from the viewpoint of the needs of the existing firms of the business sector. The problem is how different types of industrial and technology policy may help the bu...
The sixth annual Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) solicitation by NASA, describes the program, identifies eligibility requirements, outlines proposal preparation and submission requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in the SBIR program. It also identifies in Section 8.0 and Appendix D, the specific technical topics and subtopics in which SBIR Phase 1 proposals are solicited in 1988.
Visnjic, Ivanka; Van Looy, Bart
As manufacturing businesses operate in an ever more competitive, global economy where products are easily commoditized, innovating by adding services to the core product offering has become a popular strategy. Contrary to the economic benefits expected, recent findings pinpoint implementation hurdles that lead to a potential performance decline, the so-called ‘servitization paradox’. In this paper, we analyze this paradox by disentangling the value creation and value appropriation processes o...
In the modern highly competitive business environments innovation research has flourished as the need of organizations to develop new products, to compete intensively and to perform their tasks adequately has become vital (Brown & Eisenhardt, 1995; Damanpour, 1991). This continuous change leads firms to confront with the tension of exploring new opportunities or exploiting current competencies (Floyd & Lane, 2000; Lavie, Stettner, & Tushman, 2010). March’s (1991) “ambidexterity” premise refer...
B M Ghodeswar
In today's competitive business environment, organizations gain success through innovative customer service, the one that is difficult for competitors to imitate. Managing customer service spans the entire organization and focuses on the customers' value expectations. With rapid developments in information technology and telecommunications, customer service is getting increasingly differentiated with the prime aim not only to match but to exceed customer expectations. The paper highlights iss...
Hardwick, Jialin Y.; Cruickshank, Douglas; Anderson, Alistair R.
Purpose - The paper aimed to better understand the process of networking by small business with their customers to achieve innovations. In particular the relative roles of face-to-face and virtual interaction were investigated. Design - Initially a week of participant observation was undertaken then 17 in-depth interviews were conducted and analysed. The biotechnology sector was used for the sample. Findings - Networking interaction could be categorised into stages. A deepening of the...
The paper explores the current changes in the global strategy of the elite of the international oil companies, the so-called supermajors, within the context of the potential business model innovation. The work aims to make two main contributions. First, by analyzing recent shifts in the world oil and gas industry and their implications from the perspective of changing supermajors’ market positions and economic power, this paper discloses the root causes of strategic moves undertaken by today'...
Mittra, James; Tait, Joyce
Stratified medicine offers both opportunities and challenges to the conventional business models that drive pharmaceutical R&D. Given the increasingly unsustainable blockbuster model of drug development, due in part to maturing product pipelines, alongside increasing demands from regulators, healthcare providers and patients for higher standards of safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of new therapies, stratified medicine promises a range of benefits to pharmaceutical and diagnostic firms as well as healthcare providers and patients. However, the transition from 'blockbusters' to what might now be termed 'niche-busters' will require the adoption of new, innovative business models, the identification of different and perhaps novel types of value along the R&D pathway, and a smarter approach to regulation to facilitate innovation in this area. In this paper we apply the Innogen Centre's interdisciplinary ALSIS methodology, which we have developed for the analysis of life science innovation systems in contexts where the value creation process is lengthy, expensive and highly uncertain, to this emerging field of stratified medicine. In doing so, we consider the complex collaboration, timing, coordination and regulatory interactions that shape business models, value chains and value systems relevant to stratified medicine. More specifically, we explore in some depth two convergence models for co-development of a therapy and diagnostic before market authorisation, highlighting the regulatory requirements and policy initiatives within the broader value system environment that have a key role in determining the probable success and sustainability of these models. PMID:22440585
Biocontrol of Aspergillus flavus using inoculated bioplastic granules has been proven to be effective under laboratory and field conditions. In the present study, the use of low-density pellets from recycled bioplastic as a biocontrol strain carrier was evaluated. Applying recycled bioplastic pell...
Igor Aleksandrovich Bayev
Full Text Available The reasons for the low innovation activity of Russian small enterprises are presented in the article from the standpoint of institutional theory. According to the authors, today the degree of influence of the institutional environment on meso- and mini-levels, as well as informal rules for the development of small forms of entrepreneurship, including their innovative activity are underestimated. The influence of informal component of mini-level institutional environment on the implementation of formal institutions in the examples of the phenomenon of «Old Believers» Entrepreneurship and institutions of the shadow economy is shown. The authors suggest that the shadow nature existing in Russia on mini-level informal institutions to be explained not only by the low level of trust in society (including trust in authority and leadership and the differences between the national mentality, but also inadequate distribution of transaction costs of doing business (including innovation between economic agents. Features of the institutional system of Russia as well as transaction costs of the domestic system of patenting inventions are investigated as the key causes of the problem. Methodological principles of institutional support of small innovative businesses are presented.
Full Text Available This paper contains an analysis of innovation processes in enterprises, from the perspective of demand for knowledge, which companies increasingly obtain from business environment. This requires a discernment of valuable partners in the environment, who will provide professional transfer of knowledge to the company. Therefore, knowledge has become a product, and Polish universities and specialized, commercial knowledge providers are competing for the customer on the knowledge market. While knowledge transfer to companies is a secondary activity for Polish universities, specialized, commercial knowledge suppliers are making an effort of acquiring as much orders as possible. Therefore a natural competition between these two types of entities arises. In this paper the Author examines possibilities of supporting innovation-oriented enterprises by Polish universities and commercial providers of knowledge and formulates terms and conditions which will make cooperation between these two groups of entities possible, so as to transform the competition into cooperation, beneficial for both sides, and support innovative processes in enterprises.
Shic, Frederick; Smith, Daniel; Horsburgh, Brian; Hollander, Eric; Rehg, James M; Goodwin, Matthew
A gap exists between the expanding space of technological innovations to aid those affected by autism spectrum disorders, and the actual impact of those technologies on daily lives. This gap can be addressed through a very practical path of commercialization. However, the path from a technological innovation to a commercially viable product is fraught with challenges. These challenges can be mitigated through small business funding agencies, which are, more and more, catalyzing the dissemination of innovation by fostering social entrepreneurship through capital support and venture philanthropy. This letter describes the differences and nature of these agencies, and their importance in facilitating the translational and real-world impact of technological and scientific discoveries. PMID:26481385
Sebastian, Knab; Rohrbeck, René
This paper aims to explore whether intended business model innovation (BMI) activities enhance exploration capabilities of incumbent firms. We report findings from a longitudinal study that spans from 2010 to 2014. We find that even though incumbent firms generated 21 generic business models in 2...
Full Text Available Despite the role of internet and web based applications in delivering competitive advantage through e-business process is widely acknowledged, little is done by way of research to use the dynamic capability framework, in exploring the role of ecommerce in the construction business internationalisation. The aim of this paper is to present a literature based theoretical exploration using dynamic capability view to discuss internationalising construction businesses through electronic commerce (e-commerce platforms. This paper contextualises the opportunities for internationalising construction, using a mix of supply chain paradigms, embedded with e-commerce platforms. The paper concludes by identifying the potential of dynamic capabilities of a firm, exploiting the innovation and integration potential of different e-business systems, in contributing to the internationalisation of construction businesses. It proposes that contracting firms with developed dynamic capabilities, has the potential to exploit e-commerce platforms to channel upstream activities to an international destination, and also offers the firm’s products/services to international markets.
Elina Annanperä; Kari Liukkunen; Jouni Markkula
Technology and software-based service development is increasingly important in business or innovation ecosystems. This paper describes an evolution of such an ecosystem as part of a four-year collaboration with several companies and a research organization. Research was conducted on the ecosystem's functions, from the perspective of managing its members' innovation activities and changing roles. We discuss the methods and tools for supporting and facilitating service innovation activities in ...
M. Nizar Machmud
Full Text Available Cassava, corn, sago and the other food crops have been commonly used as raw materials to produce green plastics. However, plastics produced from such crops cannot be tailored to fit a particular requirement due to their poor water resistance and mechanical properties. Nowadays, researchers are hence looking to get alternative raw materials from the other sustainable resources to produce plastics. Their recent published studies have reported that marine red algae, that has been already widely used as a raw material for producing biofuels, is one of the potential algae crops that can be turned into plastics. In this work, Eucheuma Cottonii, that is one of the red alga crops, was used as raw material to produce plastics by using a filtration technique. Selected latex of Artocarpus altilis and Calostropis gigantea was separately then blended with bioplastics derived from the red algae, to replace use of glycerol as plasticizer. Role of the glycerol and the selected latex on physical and mechanical properties of the red algae bioplastics obtained under a tensile test performed at room temperature are discussed. Tensile strength of some starch-based plastics collected from some recent references is also presented in this paperDoi: 10.12777/ijse.5.2.81-88 [How to cite this article: Machmud, M.N., Fahmi, R., Abdullah, R., and Kokarkin, C. (2013. Characteristics of Red Algae Bioplastics/Latex Blends under Tension. International Journal of Science and Engineering, 5(2,81-88. Doi: 10.12777/ijse.5.2.81-88
Groupon group-buying business model promotes the development of e-commerce market in China.This group-buying model has obvious advantages.But it can be easily copied.There are thousands of group-buying websites,which are as much popular as Web 2.0and SNS entered China a few years ago.Although group-buying has been domestic only more than a year,it developed fast which has gradually changed the lifestyle of consumers and become a living habit.Therefore,it has great significance to study on the group-buying in the pattern of localization.We try to analyze the phenomena of local group-buying in Chinese market from business model innovation perspective,which has the impact on their competitive performance.We find that local group-buying sites get success through business model innovation.They clearly put forward the appropriate value proposition to attract customersattention with low-cost feature for specific target consumer groups.Moreover,they take advantage of their unique resources,integration of complementary assets to enhance the value of network systems.Thus,these latecomer e-commerce firms seize the opportunity to grow in emerging economies and have won a huge customer base.
Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe; Lindgren, Peter
This paper combines the area of innovation of business models (BM) and revelation. It explains the importance of discovering ones current, “as is” BM in relation to actualization of the company’s hidden knowledge and potential. The biblical revelations concern truly seeing, knowing and experience...... this as creating profound and meaningful relations (Pattison 2005;Tillich 1951). When one discovers the “as is” BM‘s potentials, it is revelatory in the sense that one is able to discover new potential relations and relate these to one’s future - “to be” business model. This is a participative act of...... knowing in line with Polanyi’s focus on practice related to knowing and also addressed directly by (Spender 2009a;Sveiby 2001;Weick 1996) or indirectly by (Roos et al. 2005). For the innovation leader of a company our empirical findings show that the discovering of one’s current business (model)’s “as is...
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) invites small businesses to submit Phase 1 proposals in response to its Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program Solicitation 92-1. Firms with research or research and development capabilities (R/R&D) in science or engineering in any of the areas listed are encouraged to participate. This, the tenth annual SBIR solicitation by NASA, describes the program, identifies eligibility requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in NASA's SBIR program. It also identifies, in Section 8.0, the technical topics and subtopics in which SBIR Phase 1 proposals are solicited in 1992. These topics and subtopics cover a broad range of current NASA interests but do not necessarily include all areas in which NASA plans or currently conducts research. The NASA SBIR program seeks innovative approaches that respond to the needs, technical requirements, and new opportunities described in the subtopics. The focus is on innovation through the use of emerging technologies, novel applications of existing technologies, exploitation of scientific breakthroughs, or new capabilities or major improvements to existing technologies. NASA plans to select about 320 high-quality research or research and development proposals for Phase 1 contract awards on the basis of this Solicitation. Phase 1 contracts are normally six months in duration and funded up to $50,000, including profit. Selections will be based on the competitive merits of the offers and on NASA needs and priorities.
Cao, Yangfeng; Li, Peter Ping; Skat-Rørdam, Peter
Primarily due to the large gaps in economic and institutional contexts between the developed and emerging economies, effective business models in the two distinctive contexts tend to differ. In particular, the business model innovation (BMI) at the subsidiary level plays an important role in the...... success of multinational enterprises (MNE) from the developed economies operating in the emerging economies as top-down ventures. While some studies claim that direct involvement of headquarters (HQ) in the operations of subsidiaries is critical, surprisingly little is known about how HQ specifically...... feedback loop. Hence, we contribute to the literatures of BMI and dynamic capability by enriching both research streams, especially the critical link between BMI and dynamic capability in the context of international strategic entrepreneurship....
Anatoliy Viktorovich Grebenkin
Full Text Available This paper substantiates the hypothesis of the special role of universities in creating an environment of innovational micro entrepreneurship in a region. The role of business incubators is allocated; the algorithm for selecting projects is described. The results of a three-year organizational and economic experiment (with the changing conditions on the functioning of the student business incubator in the Ural State University are shown. Various models of the selection of ideas and projects for different cycles of incubation areimplemented. A decision on theestablishment of the Entrepreneurship Center in theInstitute of Management and Entrepreneurship is made. The Center’s main task is to form a series of events to support continuous generation of students’ business ideas, finding resonant response with the University experts and representatives of business environment in the region. A student in the business incubation system plays a new role for a Russian university — a role of a catalyst, i.e., directly acts as an element of positive feedback in the innovational system. It is shown that the catalytic path of the establishment and development of small high-tech business — Science to Business (StB — leads to the phenomenon of resonance, i.e., sustainable innovation flow generated by the business incubator of the University. The poll of the USU students in 2009-2011 (a sample from 660 to 854 respondents confirmed their positive attitude towards entrepreneurship and allowed to estimate the structure of the factors that hamper to increase student participation in the innovational business. Three blocks of factors were identified: the reluctance to take risks, inaccessibility of material and financial resources and the turbulence of the environment. A system of monitoring students' attitudes towards entrepreneurship, which allows adjusting the curriculum and creating institutional conditions for activation of innovative entrepreneurship
Beuthel, Maria Rosa; Buur, Jacob
In this position paper we show how participants in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to co-construct understandings of a new business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of developing new terms and concepts together is crucial for work to progress. Every...... participant influences this process in a different manner – depending on his/her discipline, role in the group, and character. Based on video data form an industry session, we investigate how participants get to different meanings through analyzing their behaviors, movements, actions and negotiations to...
The current era of globalization is characterized by far-reaching shifts in the economy as well as in a variety of other spheres of human activity. The present article focuses upon innovation, an activity that is viewed as crucial for business success in today¡¯s knowledge economy, and which seems to be in the middle of an extensive process of global restructuring. The article begins with an overview of the nature of the knowledge economy, highlighting in the process the significance of the d...
Full Text Available The current stage of the formation and development of the Internet economy, characterized by the activation of information andeconomic relations, as well as the tendency of the "new economy" to the traditional system defects. Given the reasons for inefficientfunctioning of cyberspace internet. The author offers an innovative software product, which subscribers using their advantage in theelectronic market, are able to increase the global competitiveness of its business, to build an effective system of collective directinvestment, enhance the use of ICT in the economic and social environment.
Marta Christina SUCIU
Full Text Available This article aims to highlight the role of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS into supporting creative ”and” innovative clusters. The paper focuses on the analysis of Romanian clusters, by identifying first their members and by underlying later the importance of these highly important actors for the regional development. It is structured into three parts. The first part presents a brief literature review by highlighting the most important characteristics of the creative ”and” innovative clusters, and of the KIBS. In the second part the focus is on the analysis of creative ”and” innovative clusters, observing their structure and projects, with the purpose to illustrate their impact for regional development. In the last part, it is highlighted the link between the KIBS and the creative ”and” innovative clusters, emphasizing the essential strengths for the regional development strategy. In the end we present the main conclusions, underlying the novelty and the importance of the chosen topic for the Romanian economy.
Full Text Available The paper aims to assess the impact of research and development on innovativeness of the country as research and development is one of the main drivers of economic development and creation of modern knowledge based economy stipulating efficient use of natural resources and reducing negative impact on environment. The paper analyzes the main Lithuanian policy documents aiming at promotion of knowledge economy, innovations and research and development and financing of research, technological development and innovation. The programmes aiming at modernization of enterprises and trends of sustainable industrial development in Lithuania are critically reviewed. The Summary Innovation Index (SII of Lithuania was applied to assess the impact of implementing policies promoting research and development in Lithuania. The analysis indicated that one of the main factors determining the relatively low Lithuanian SII is the insufficient level of investment in research and development (R&D. While R&D expenditure in the general government and higher education sectors corresponds to the EU average, it remains low in the business sector.
Davis, Jeffrey R.; Richard, Eliabeth E.; Fogarty, Jennifer A.; Rando, Cynthia M.
This slide presentation reviews the Space Life Sciences Directorate (SLSD) new business model for problem solving, with emphasis on open collaboration and innovation. The topics that are discussed are: an overview of the work of the Space Life Sciences Directorate and the strategic initiatives that arrived at the new business model. A new business model was required to infuse open collaboration/innovation tools into existing models for research, development and operations (research announcements, procurements, SBIR/STTR etc). This new model involves use of several open innovation partnerships: InnoCentive, Yet2.com, TopCoder and NASA@work. There is also a new organizational structure developed to facilitate the joint collaboration with other NASA centers, international partners, other U.S. Governmental organizations, Academia, Corporate, and Non-Profit organizations: the NASA Human Health and Performance Center (NHHPC).
Full Text Available Business performance management and measurement is a relatively complex and difficult process, which is currently undergoing significant changes in terms of both theory and practice. Previously used indicators, methods and models, largely based on financial indicators and methods of financial management, have been gradually modified and improved to provide owners and managers with a sufficient true and fair view of business performance. Despite the efforts for continuous improvement, it appears that the traditional management of enterprise performance based primarily on financial management hits its limits and companies around the world are beginning to promote new non-traditional indicators, methods and models, based primarily on non-financial, strategic and often qualitative indicators. We recommend that enterprises apply the selected methods and models of strategic business performance management in different industries of the Slovak Republic. By applying the selected strategic methods and models such as BSC, BI, strategic planning and controlling, innovations and others, a higher performance of companies can be achieved.
Full Text Available SMEs make a major contribution to the growth and employment in the EU. In today’s fierce competition in the market economic activities the SMEs had gradually developed into a major force for national economic and social development in every country of world. The aim of this article is to examine the approach to innovativeness and competitive aggressiveness between males and females in the segment of small and medium-sized enterprises. Based on the results of the questionnaire which was conducted in May 2015 in the Czech Republic we tried to test four hypotheses on the relationship between the gender of entrepreneurs of SMEs and their attitude to innovativeness and competitive aggressiveness. The results of our research have pointed out some differences between genders. Men-entrepreneurs who do business in the segment of SMEs in the Czech Republic are slightly more innovative and are significantly more aggressive in regard to competitors than women, as they apply aggressive approach and their companies are perceived as aggressive.
Bruno Brandão Fischer
Full Text Available Foreign direct investment (FDI is assumed to be a source of knowledge flows across National Innovation Systems, with particular relevance for developing countries. Nonetheless, empirical assessments are usually manufacturingoriented, providing only a partial view of the phenomena under scrutiny. This article aims at contributing to this body of literature by investigating the impacts of inward FDI on aggregate outcomes of developing countries’ National Innovation Systems, taking into account potential contributions from Knowledge-Intensive BusinessServices (KIBS multinationals and their respective comparison with manufacturing investments. Using a panel dataset comprising 38 developing countries (2001-2010, fixed-effects regressions are applied according to a traditional endogenous growth model. Empirical findings underscore the relevance of KIBS MNCs’ contributions to host innovation systems in developing countries. These impacts broadly surmount those of manufacturing FDI and they are particularly significant for: (a value added in services; (b value added in manufacturing; (c aggregate export capacity; and (d international (United States Patent and Trademark Office [USPTO] patenting activity.
The diversified business group (DBG) is a ubiquitous institution in developing economies. It is a formal inter-firm network that typically involves financial institutions, distributors and manufacturers. Groupwise diversification is viewed by some as a novel form of organizational innovation by entrepreneurial tycoons while others see it as an instrument for rent seeking. Inspired by Korean chaebols but chastened by Russian financial-industrial groups, China and Vietnam are creating business ...
Full Text Available The current dynamics of change, including climate change, resource depletion, energy transition, internet of things, etc. will have substantial impacts on the functioning of contemporary business models. Most firms and companies, however, still largely focus on efficiency strategies leading to sub-optimal solutions (reducing bad impact, rather than radically changing their business model to develop new transaction models more appropriate for today’s world (doing better things. However, persistent sustainability issues arising from our changing societal systems, require more radical and structural changes both within and between organizations to change the way we do business. There is limited empirically established research literature on how businesses can be more proactive in this regard and how they can move beyond “management of unsustainability”. In this paper, we present a transformative business model innovation approach inspired by transition theory combining elements of systems thinking, value-inspired envisioning, reflexive design and co-creation that was pioneered for a consortia of reuse centers in the province of Limburg, Belgium. We demonstrate that this approach contributed to the development of new business model concepts, was conducive for mobilizing support and resources to ensure follow up activity and holds potential to promote a more proactive role for businesses as agents of transformative change.
Full Text Available The phenomenon of feasibility reasoning of venture capital investment for the implementation of innovative ideas is revealed. The main elements of the methodology for feasibility of start-up projects, based on the concept of combination of life cycle of the market, product innovation and startup companies, are characterized. The comparative analysis of methods feasibility study and business plan start-up project is made, the importance of innovative ideas audit in future economic information generation and investment decisions of informal venture capital investors are shown.
The Department of Energy (DOE) issued its first solicitation for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program on December 15, 1982, with a due date of March 1, 1983. Out of the 1734 proposals received, 106 were selected for Phase I funding totaling about $5 million. All projects selected are now under contract, with a period of performance typically of six months, starting in almost all cases on September 1, 1983. This publication provides abstracts of the projects selected, including brief comments on the potential applications as described by the proposer. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the respective company directly
Tanev, Stoyan; Ruskov, Petko; Georgiev, Lachezar;
Value co-creation is an emerging marketing and innovation paradigm describing a broader opening of the firm to its customers by providing them with the opportunity to become active participants in the design and development of personalized products, services and experiences. However......, there is not yet a fully satisfactory theoretical vision about its distinctive characteristics as compared to more traditional value creation approaches. One of the challenges in studying value co-creation is the lack of business intelligence (BI) tools that can be used in the conceptualization of value co......-creation practices. The present paper provides a preliminary vision for the development of such BI tool and a first implementation that uses empirical research results in answering two research questions. The first question is: What are the principal components of value co-creation? The second question is: What...
Lozada, Dayana; Araque, Francisco; Castillo, Jose Manuel; Salguero, Alberto; Delgado, Cecilia; Noda, Marcia; Hernández, Gilberto
The work presents an approach to study mechanisms that allows managers the Innovation Management (IM) measurements. It is assumed, as main motivation, the analysis of patterns for the design of an integral system of indicators. A methodology that integrates the thought process, focusing on the Business Intelligence and the Balance Scorecard will be presented. A group of indexes based on the multidimensionality of IM in organizations of the sector of tourism is proposed. To approach this quality it is necessary to contextualize, in the conditions of sectoral operation, the theories, models and systems used in our approach. It has been used intervention methods like experts' criteria, consensus search techniques by means of surveys, consultation of documents, and statistical methods such as analysis of the main components.
Full Text Available Faced with the inherent unsustainability of infinite growth in a world of finite resources, the neoclassical economy is running towards a cliff. In order to avoid a hard landing, enterprises need to broaden their definitions of value and wealth to include parameters that are not currently in the economic lexicon, but are still of paramount importance in our lives. Taken from that angle, heritage can be seen as a perfect replacement for capital, because its multidimensional and complex nature opens up numerous possibilities for the creation of shared economic, social, and environmental value; the designing of value chains; and the direction of technological innovation. This article explores the various ramifications of a paradigm shift from managing capital to managing heritage, and it underlines the need to create a series of pioneering business models for enterprises to adapt and profit from a new, heritage economy.
The SBIR program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed below, this publication describes the technical efforts and commercialization possibilities for SBIR Phase II awards in Fiscal Year (FY) 2000. It is intended for the educated layman, and maybe of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities
A Science and Business Equation for Collaborative Corporate Innovation. Business Strategy, IP Strategy, RandD Strategy: an all-in-one Business Model. A review with a Bio-Technology and Green Chemistry Focus
Not all the best people work for you... This is likely one of the motivator for open-innovation in terms of future business development. IP, RandD and Business strategies are becoming one. The adjacent technology analysis, ATA©, goes beyond prior art and freedom to operate traditional approaches providing a new role to the IP strategist still preventing excessive lawyering. Coaching and mediating turn out to be part of this role given the broad interdisciplinary and multi-science skills requi...
Whalen, D. Joel, Ed.
This article, the first of a two-part series, presents teaching 10 innovations from the 2015 Association for Business Communication's 80th annual conference. The creative new assignments offered here include building listening skills by journaling, oral interpretation, positive message framing, storytelling, delivering bad news, persuasive…
The article considers the innovative activities of small and private entrepreneurship. The paper analyzes the economic categories as «innovative activities», «classification of innovation», «innovative products» approaches to stimulate economic growth through the formation of an innovative environment, the innovation infrastructure in the private sector are defined.
This paper explores the geographical and policy context for an emergent business model from Better Place to deliver battery electric car mobility in Denmark. It argues that the combination of radically different technologies and a highly complex multi-agency operating environment theoretically provide the conditions and requirements for such an emergent business model. While focused on battery electric cars, renewable energy generation and smart grids, the paper has wider applicability to an understanding of the interplay between place, innovation and sustainability which suggests that diverse solutions are likely to be the characteristic solution rather than ubiquity and standardization. The paper argues, however, that the innovative business model, the deployment of electric vehicles, and the use of renewable energy systems, in this case largely based on wind power, while mutually supportive and contributing to wider policy aims with respect to the reduction of carbon emissions, may still fail in the face of entrenched practices. At the theoretical level it is concluded that theorization of business models needs a broader perspective beyond the typical ‘value creation, value capture’ rubric to better understand the wider role such models have in meeting societal goals, and to understand the structural impediments to organizational and technical innovation. - Highlights: ► We explore the context for an innovative emergent business model to deliver battery electric car mobility in Denmark. ► We explore the interplay between battery electric cars, renewable energy generation and smart grids. ► We discuss the integration of electric cars in energy systems based on renewable energy sources. ► We discuss the likely success of the Better Place business model.
Problem statement: Due to current varied CSR models and how CSR is presently defined and practiced differently in business and society worldwide, global CSR standards are vital to creating best practices of CSR and to increase the competitive advantage of business and society. Approach: Because most CSR business units in global organizations tend to focus on specific and narrow corporate communications of social responsibility instead of broadening the scope to set global&...
Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to describe how the biggest Swedish taxi company (Taxi Kurir) developed an innovative price model to leverage the business model. Design/methodology/approach : The empirical data in the article describe Taxi Kurir’s development of a new price model. Data about the Swedish taxi market and about Taxi Kurir has been compiled though interviews and document studies. Detailed information about the background, development and implementation of Taxi Kurir’s n...
Shchepakin M. B.
Full Text Available Innovative tools of intercompany and strategic planning are designed to form interconnected tasks structural units of industrial enterprises and complexes in the sought after amount based on the cost of production of interdependent. Intercompany planning has no tools based on chain planning with cyclic calculations. Allocation of factors affecting business performance is a mandatory procedure in the development of innovative tools and intercompany strategic planning in industrial plants and complexes. Factors determining the efficiency of intercompany and strategic planning at industrial enterprises and complexes require detailed classification. The article examines the factors that determine the effectiveness of intercompany and strategic planning. The classification of factors, that are offered, which can form a conceptual framework of business development strategy for a long period of time, based on the use of interrelated production plans for the following criteria: conceptual, stabilization and functional. The developed classification of factors, which determines the efficiency of intercompany and strategic planning, allows us to: generate the concept of strategic business development; establish the optimum parameters of the structure and volume of internal and external supply, to determine the required size of lending and investment; achieve stabilization of interests of the economy and the level of investment attractiveness of the business, etc. Based on it, becomes possible to develop a methodology and logical approach to the formation of innovative tools intercompany and strategic planning at industrial enterprises (complexes
Maulida; Siagian, M.; Tarigan, P.
The production of starch based bioplastics from cassava peel reeinforced with microcrystalline cellulose using sorbitol as plasticizer were investigated. Physical properties of bioplastics were determined by density, water uptake, tensile strength and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Bioplastics were prepared from cassava peel starch plasticized using sorbitol with variation of 20; 25; 30% (wt/v of sorbitol to starch) reinforced with microcrystalline celllulose (MCC) Avicel PH101 fillers with range of 0 to 6% (wt/wt of MCC to starch). The results showed improvement in tensile strength with higher MCC content up to 9, 12 mpa compared to non-reinforced bioplastics. This could be mainly attributed to the strong hydrogen bonds between MCC and starch. On the contrary, the addition of MCC decreased the elongation at break, density and water uptake. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy showed the functional groups of bioplastics, which the majority of O-H groups were found at the bioplastics with reinforcing filler MCC that represented substantial hydrogen bonds. The highest tensile strength value was obtained for bioplastic with MCC content 6% and sorbitol content 20%. With good adhesion between MCC and starch the production of bioplastics could be widely used as a substitute for conventional plastics with more benefits to the environment.
"Mediating Business" is a study of the expansion of business journalism. Building on evidence from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, "Mediating Business" is a comparative and multidisciplinary study of one of the major transformations of the mass media and the realm of business - nationally and...... globally. The book explores the history of key innovations and innovators in the business press. It analyzes changes in the discourse of business journalism associated with the growth in business news and the development of new ways of framing business issues and events. Finally, it examines the...... organizational implications of the increased media visibility of business and, in particular, the development of corporate governance and media relations....
Kanda, Wisdom; Clausen, Jens; Hjelm, Olof; Bienkowska, Dzamila
Eco-innovation continues to gain support as a driving force for sustainable development. In this regard, pressing questions include how to stimulate the development, diffusion and use of eco-innovations. Often, firms engaged with eco-innovation need to connect to intermediary organizations (e.g. business development organizations, regional clusters, universities, financers, incubators) to get hold of necessary resources to tackle the challenges in the innovation process. This article analyses...
The trend of energy change affects the Norwegian energy sector. Due to the relatively nascent and rapid advancing nature of the industry, BMI in the energy sector is a new domain that has not been explored much in the literature. This thesis explores how suppliers in the Norwegian energy sector respond and adapt to the context change by innovating their business models. Through a qualitative case study with an explorative and comparative design, the author compared the case of ABB and DNVGL a...
D. Y. Kong
Full Text Available The diffusion of electric vehicles (EVs involves not only the technological development but also the construction of complex social networks. This paper uses the theory of network control to analyze the influence of network forms on EV diffusion in China, especially focusing on the building of EV business models (BMs and the resulting effects and control on the diffusion of EVs. The Bass model is adopted to forecast the diffusion process of EVs and genetic algorithm is used to estimate the parameters based on the diffusion data of Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV in the United States and Japan. Two different social network forms and BMs are selected, that is, battery leasing model and vehicle purchasing model, to analyze how different network forms may influence the innovation coefficient and imitation coefficient in the Bass model, which will in turn result in different diffusion results. Thereby, we can find the appropriate network forms and BMs for EVs which is suitable to the local market conditions.
Meer, van der Han
This article covers the subject of the practical application of the principles of open innovation in Dutch industry. Open innovation is considered to be the third stage in evolving systems for innovation management. The results of the study showed that innovative Dutch companies have successfully ad
Müller, Sabine; Neergaard, Helle; Ulhøi, John Parm
The aim of this paper is to propose an integrated methodological approach to study complex and longitudinal processes such as continuous innovation and business development in high-tech SME clusters. It draws from four existing and well-recognised approaches for studying events...... is especially helpful for studies which focus on continuous innovation and business development in high-tech SME clusters as these studies could benefit tremendously from more qualitative approaches, which facilitate in-depth understanding continuous and changing processes. Therefore......, major changes and events can be studied in detail, as well as their structural relationships to each other and the history leading up to such changes....
Full Text Available Problem statement: Due to current varied CSR models and how CSR is presently defined and practiced differently in business and society worldwide, global CSR standards are vital to creating best practices of CSR and to increase the competitive advantage of business and society. Approach: Because most CSR business units in global organizations tend to focus on specific and narrow corporate communications of social responsibility instead of broadening the scope to set global CSR standards across sectors and industries, three global business leaders in Singapore who are familiar with CSR practices at Thomson Reuters, Panasonic and Nanyang Business School were interviewed to investigate how CSR is practiced in Singapore and China. The participants were selected based upon their global business, CSR and HRD knowledge and experience. Ten interview questions guided the case study. Results: The participants responses produced seven key lessons learned and five inadequacies of current CSR models that resulted in two innovatory CSR models. The first model is a concentric circle that has culture in the center, followed by personal and collective ethics, economic, legal, environment and government domains. The second model is a concentric circle that has Human Resource Development (HRD in the center followed by the domains in the first model. Conclusion/Recommendations: The innovatory CSR models can assist global organizations to successfully manage changing global conditions when the organization is viewed as an interwoven and dynamic whole that generates continuous knowledge and bridges its systems, processes and structures that are constantly transforming into an internal and external common global network. CSR values, not stakeholder demands or charitable contributions from global business leaders, managers and individual employees play a significant role in reducing globalizations unintended consequences and increasing the
The article is devoted to the analysis of innovative solutions in development of a small and medium enterprise in Ekaterinburg. An increasing role in the regional economy of small and medium innovative enterprises and infra structural organizations (technological park, innovative-technological focus, focus on transfer of technologies) is especially marked. Practice of realization of key measures of the strategic project «Ekaterinburg is a center of innovative activity and innovative services»...
Hogeforster Max A.
Full Text Available The Europe 2020 Strategy puts the quality and relevance of education and training systems at the heart of EU’s efforts to improve innovation and competitiveness and to achieve intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth. The development of partnerships between vocational schools or higher-education institutions and the business sector must be considered as a critical factor in identifying learning requirements, improving the relevance of education and facilitating access to education and learning. The growing lack of skills is one of the major challenges for companies that rely on more highly qualified personnel. To increase the cooperation between academia and the business world means to integrate small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, since 99.2 per cent of European businesses are SMEs. They are the blood cells of the European economy and are essential for growth, yet a very heterogeneous group that can only be integrated in cooperation networks by intermediate organisations which tackle the needs of this diverse group of businesses. Such a partnership of 17 universities and polytechnics, including the University of Latvia, was founded in 2010 and is shortly introduced as a best practice example.To stay competitive in the globalised world, companies need to be innovative and that requires cooperation with knowledge institutions. A survey conducted in 2013 revealed that one of the major obstacles for SMEs to improve their innovation capabilities is their inability to find qualified personnel. This corresponds to the huge challenges the labour markets face in Europe. Almost all countries report a growing lack of skilled workforce while at the same time youth unemployment is increasing. This gap between the current qualifications and the qualifications demanded by businesses sector can be overcome by a closer cooperation between enterprises and education facilities, on a national but also international level between Western and Eastern
Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to describe how the biggest Swedish taxi company (Taxi Kurir developed an innovative price model to leverage the business model. Design/methodology/approach : The empirical data in the article describe Taxi Kurir’s development of a new price model. Data about the Swedish taxi market and about Taxi Kurir has been compiled though interviews and document studies. Detailed information about the background, development and implementation of Taxi Kurir’s new price model has been captured through interviews with representatives from Taxi Kurir. Findings : Based on both the empirical example, and other investigations, we have found that a company can create substantial changes in their price model, by just changing some of its basic characteristics. A well designed price model can contribute to leveraging the intentions of the business model. Practical implications : Most academic and practical texts about business models consider pricing to be an important component. However, they typically do not refer to the specifics of the price- or revenue models. According to the literature review in this paper, and the empirical findings, the configuration of a company’s price model should be aligned with its business model. This will contribute to leveraging the business model. Originality/value: The Swedish taxi market is one of the most deregulated in the world. Differently from most other countries, any individual or company can start and operate a taxi business. This case offers a unique description on how the biggest company in the market responded to the competition by introducing a fundamentally new price model, by making a small change in one of the dimensions in their existing price model.
Full Text Available The article deals with the structure and proportion of foreign capital in the banking system of Ukraine, defined by its positive and negative impact on the foreign exchange market and the banking system as a whole. Excessive isolation of the banking system of Ukraine from foreign capital leads to restriction resources on the domestic currency market and to a decrease the competitiveness of banks. In the article performed the comparative analysis of domestic banks and banks with foreign capital, soundly the necessity and possible ways to strengthen the position of domestic banks on the foreign currency market of Ukraine. The necessity of raising the level of domestic banks capitalization through reorganization changes such as the domestic bank and non-bank holding companies formation, temporary associations of domestic and foreign banks in order to serve specific international or innovative projects is well-grounded in this article. The positive aspects of domestic banks consolidation are named. Some of them: strengthening of the bank’s financial stability, increased the opportunities for compliance with regulatory requirements and fulfillment of regulatory measures taken by the National Bank of Ukraine, development of market conditions, rising of competitive struggle, improving of banking services, expanding the range of foreign exchange services and reduce their costs, raise barriers to entry of weak players at market. The negative consolidation of banks named the danger of monopolization of the market. The necessity of improvement in the professionalism of doing domestic banking business through using the effective methods of customers service, new operations and new technologies in banking activities is emphasized
The article also points out that conditions fostering further development of the described types of entrepreneurship and innovation financing and a dynamic environment generating innovative capacity should be created.
van der Wiel, Henry; Leeuwen, George van; Hempell, Thomas
Using panel data for German and Dutch firms from the services sector, this paper analyses the importance of ICT capital deepening and innovation for productivity. We employ a model that takes into account that innovation and ICT use may be complementary. The results show that the contribution of ICT capital deepening is raised when firms combine ICT use and technological innovations on a more permanent basis. Moreover, the joint impact of ICT use and permanent technological innovation on prod...
Saers, Alexander; Sedell, Maria
The ongoing globalization and the ever changing economic climate put pressure on companies’ innovative capability. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what role leadership has for enhancing innovation in a small software company in the open innovation dimension. This thesis is a qualitative research of the leadership and organizational impact on innovations. We have interviewed the CEO and two employees in a software company specialized in interface programming on industry computer m...
Full Text Available The article examines the approaches of modern scientists to the definitions of "decision" and "administrative decision". The author offered a definition of "innovative solution", and the principles of innovation decision-making and the role of the adoption of innovative solutions in the economic activities of modern enterprises.
Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.
This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) programs. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this information useful.
Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.
This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Aeronautics and Mission Directorate (ARMD) programs. Other Government and commercial program managers can also find this information useful.
Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.
This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) programs. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this information useful.
Heikkila, J.; Heikkila, M.; Bouwman, W.A.G.A.
Business Model Innovation is attracting more and more attention from business as well as from academics. Business Model Innovation deals with both technological and knowledge related changes that either may disrupt or sustain existing product/market strategies. Timing of Business Model Innovation bo
Full Text Available Today, organizations must recognize and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities arising from environmental changes, not just for survive but also to ensure its growth. Hence, they need to maintain survival of competitive advantages over their competitors. There are few studies on the subject of competitive advantages such as innovation and customer value, particularly on examining the relationship between entrepreneurship and customer value. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the potential effects of entrepreneurial and business oriented (learning orientation, market orientation and human resource practices on innovation and customer value. The study population includes active companies in the food industry of the city of Mashhad based on Cochran's formula. As a sample, 83 senior managers of these companies have been selected randomly. The data has been collected using questionnaire and Structural Equation Modeling and partial least squares approaches have been utilized for data analysis using PLS software. Findings imply that entrepreneurship and human resource management are the most important drivers of innovation and customer value. Also, the findings suggest that market orientation can be integrated as a predictor of innovation and customer value. Therefore, successful implementation of these factors leads to promoting innovation and delivering superior value to customers.
Full Text Available Today, organizations must recognize and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities arising from environmental changes, not just survive But also to ensure its growth. Hence, the need have to maintain the survival of competitive advantages over its competitors. These competitive advantages as innovation and customer value is that given that few studies have examined the relationship between entrepreneurship and customer value Therefore, in this study adopted a survey research strategy to investigate the potential effects of entrepreneurial and business oriented (learning orientation, market orientation and human resource practices has been on innovation and customer value. The study population consisted of active companies in the food industry of Mashhad city were based on Cochran's formula, for example, randomized study of 83 patients have been involved in research. The data obtained through questionnaires distributed and the structural equations and partial least squares method to help software PLS were analyzed. The results of data processing showed that entrepreneurship and human resource management are the most important drivers of innovation and customer value. Also the findings suggest that market orientation can be integrated as a predictor of innovation and customer value to be considered. Therefore, the rights to success implementing these factors promote innovation and deliver superior value to customers.
A Science and Business Equation for Collaborative Corporate Innovation. Business Strategy, IP Strategy, RandD Strategy: an all-in-one Business Model. A review with a Bio-Technology and Green Chemistry Focus
Full Text Available Not all the best people work for you... This is likely one of the motivator for open-innovation in terms of future business development. IP, RandD and Business strategies are becoming one. The adjacent technology analysis, ATA©, goes beyond prior art and freedom to operate traditional approaches providing a new role to the IP strategist still preventing excessive lawyering. Coaching and mediating turn out to be part of this role given the broad interdisciplinary and multi-science skills required.Green chemistry and biotechnology are no exception since in essence they are multi-science founded and still today require an upfront pioneering state of mind. Largely regulatory driven the related businesses may enjoy the open-innovation approach even more or may end-up andquot;not having the choiceandquot;. Two cases, involving advanced technologies in the sectors of Advanced Materials for Protection and Bio-based Material Engineering, are been used to illustrate the suitability of the proposed collaborative and participative business equation.This review, mostly intended for educational purposes, using illustrative situations close enough to reality, establishes a state of the art foundation for the layman and unexposed professionals. A number of fundamental references, more than 12 foundation books are cited to provide to the implementer a self-standing source of established literature.
Discussion of how to implement innovative tools makes the book relevant to both researchers and managers The simulation environment allows the reader to evaluate the performance of the approaches proposed Includes methodologies to improve e-marketplace performances through coalition
Cristina Dai Prá Martens
Full Text Available This article is about innovativeness in the context of entrepreneurial orientation. The aim is to present the results of an exploratory and qualitative research that sought to characterize innovativeness in food industries. A conceptual review on entrepreneurial orientation and innovativeness is presented as a base for the study. Data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews with professionals of nine medium and large food industries from the central region of Rio Grande do Sul state. The analysis concludes with an over-view about innovative behavior, which is evidenced differently in industries surveyed. Innovation in products and services is featured in four industries, while process innovation is a priority in eight of the nine industries. There is constant investment in innovation, for a department of P&D in four industries and active participation of the supplier in innovations of the both industries. There are people dedicated to innovative activities in five industries and people involved in the other part. Creativity is especially important, although lacks systematic procedures for its development. The differentiation is especially in cases where it is possible to have innovative activities of difficult for competitors to duplicate.
Thayaparan Gajendran; Graham Brewer; Malliga Marimuthu
Despite the role of internet and web based applications in delivering competitive advantage through e-business process is widely acknowledged, little is done by way of research to use the dynamic capability framework, in exploring the role of ecommerce in the construction business internationalisation. The aim of this paper is to present a literature based theoretical exploration using dynamic capability view to discuss internationalising construction businesses through electronic commerce (e...
Gerstlberger, Wolfgang; Kesting, Tobias; Baaken, Thomas
to deal with this situation by academic engagement, hereby providing external research support for businesses. Relying on the market segmentation approach, promoting beneficial exchange relations between academia and businesses enables the integration of both perspectives and may contribute to...... solving current challenges. Transferring the segmentation approach and the customer benefit perspective to university-business collaboration (UBC), this paper develops a multi-step segmentation framework aimed at identifying research customer segments in technical textile industries in Western Europe...
Brady, Malcolm; Saranga, Haritha
This study considers four categories of business models in healthcare in India and Ireland, using Porter’s generic strategies concept as a framework. The study finds that in both countries, business models exist in all four categories – broad low-cost, broad premium, focused low-cost and focused premium. However, the mechanism of implementation of the business models is different in each country and the mode of implementation is matched to each country’s economic and social circumstances. The...
Neva Bojovic,1 Valérie Sabatier,1 Stephane Rouault2 1Grenoble Ecole de Management, Grenoble, France; 2Innovation Hub, Strategic Innovation, F Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland Abstract: Presently, the health care industry is facing many technological and organizational challenges, and the emergence of precision medicine is bringing innovation and potentially a complete redefinition of the industry. This study suggests several paths for incumbent biopharmaceutical companies...
Campanini Fabio; Rizzi Paolo
The machine tool industry has a key role in the Italian manufacturing system, since Italy is the fourth largest producer and third largest exporter. Innovative processes in this industry have a triple hybrid characterization: companies compete globally, so they are open to incremental innovation and imitation, but at the same time they try to defend their products using patents. Secondly, the content of technological innovation driven by r&d is dictated by customers. This paper investigates i...
Nielsen, Janni; Yaganeh, Suzanne; Bloch Rasmussen, Leif;
This paper contributes to a theoretical discussion of creation of innovation with participants in, or outside, organisations. We address the creation of innovation with a complex theoretical understanding drawing on the Scandinavian and the Participatory Design tradition introducing two approaches...... to the processes of innovation. We ask if innovation can be initiated and enhanced looking at two collaborative approaches; participatory innovation (PIN) and cooperative innovation (COIN). We invite to dialogue and reflections on PIN’s conflict and creative frictions on one side and COIN’s complexity......, complementarity in diversity and the didactic scaffolding of the innovation process on the other side. Our contribution focuses on the methods and practices for facilitation of co-creating activities between different groups leading to cooperation, and innovation in thinking....
Earl, Jason Scott
The focal goal of this research was to extend the empirical effort on business simulations as a form of experiential learning by providing the first empirical analysis of business acumen and knowledge application skills. Disruptions in technology are providing more opportunities to improve the simulation gaming learning experience and a number of…
Kalman, Yoram M.
In an era when novel educational technologies are constantly introduced to the marketplace, often accompanied by hyperbolic claims that these ground-breaking innovations will transform the educational landscape, decision makers in educational institutions need a methodological approach for examining the innovative potential of new educational…
Shic, Frederick; Smith, Daniel; Horsburgh, Brian; Hollander, Eric; Rehg, James M.; Goodwin, Matthew
A gap exists between the expanding space of technological innovations to aid those affected by autism spectrum disorders, and the actual impact of those technologies on daily lives. This gap can be addressed through a very practical path of commercialization. However, the path from a technological innovation to a commercially viable product is…
Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh; Scupola, Ada
Purpose - The paper investigates how customers may contribute to radical innovation in consultancy services and what are the conditions needed for customers to involve in such radical service innovations. Design/methodology/approach - The paper uses a qualitative case study approach including rich...... descriptions based primarily on interviews to investigate an extreme example of successful customer involvement in the development of radical service innovations in Ramboll, a leading Scandinavian engineering consultancy. Findings – Our study reveals that customers may be involved in radical innovation...... processes to different degrees. However involving customers actively in radical services innovation require a relationship between the customer company and the service provider that might be described as a partnership in which ongoing learning is taking place to develop new solutions. Our findings reveal...
Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh; Hugger, Ada Scupola
Purpose – The paper aims to investigate how customers may contribute to radical innovation in consultancy services and the conditions needed for customers to be involved in such radical service innovations. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a qualitative case study approach including...... rich descriptions based primarily on interviews to investigate an extreme example of successful customer involvement in the development of radical service innovations at Ramboll, a leading Scandinavian engineering consultancy. Findings – The study reveals that customers may be involved in radical...... innovation processes to different degrees. However, actively involving customers in radical services innovation require a relationship between the customer company and the service provider that might be described as a partnership in which ongoing learning takes place to develop new solutions. The findings...
Polylactide (PLA) is the most well known renewable resource based biodegradable polymer. The inherent brittleness and poor processability of PLA pose considerable technical challenges and limit its range of commercial applications. The broad objective of this research was to investigate novel pathways for polylactide modification to enhance its mechanical and rheological properties. The focus of this work was to tailor the architecture of a dendritic hyperbranched polymer (HBP) and study its influence on the mechanical and rheological properties of PLA bioplastic. The hyperbranched polymers under consideration are biodegradable aliphatic hydroxyl-functional hyperbranched polyesters having nanoscale dimensions, unique physical properties and high peripheral functionalities. This work relates to identifying a new and industrially relevant research methodology to develop PLA based nanoblends having outstanding stiffness-toughness balance. In this approach, a hydroxyl functional hyperbranched polymer was crosslinked in-situ with a polyanhydride (PA) in the PLA matrix during melt processing, leading to the generation of new nanoscale hyperbranched polymer based domains in the PLA matrix. Transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy revealed the "sea-island" morphology of PLA-crosslinked HBP blends. The domain size of a large portion of the crosslinked HBP particles in PLA matrix was less than 100 nm. The presence of crosslinked hyperbranched polymers exhibited more than 500% and 800% improvement in the tensile toughness and elongation at break values of PLA, respectively, with a minimal sacrifice of tensile strength and modulus as compared to unmodified PLA. The toughening mechanism of PLA in the presence of crosslinked HBP particles was comprised of shear yielding and crazing. The volume fraction of crosslinked HBP particles and matrix ligament thickness (inter-particle distance) were found to be the critical parameters for the toughening of PLA. The
Full Text Available How can small and medium-sized enterprises try open innovation and increase their level of collaboration with local partners? This article describes a possible solution: the Seeking Solutions approach. The Seeking Solutions process consists of four steps: a call for problems, problem selection, problem broadcast, and a collaborative event. This approach has been successfully used for the Quebec Seeks Solutions events in 2010 and 2012 with concrete results and real impacts. By mixing open innovation and collaboration, the Seeking Solutions approach has introduced a new concept: local open innovation.
Tucker, Robert B
Innovation isn't something you do after you get your work done. It's how you do your work. Organizations all over the world are shedding jobs in record numbers. Yet today, they are desperately in need of people with the abilities and skills to think ahead of the curve, delight customers, motivate colleagues, slash costs, and achieve unconventional results. In this practical road map to becoming irreplaceable, global innovation guru and bestselling author Robert B. Tucker reveals why honing your I-Skills (Innovation Skills) may be the smartest career move you'll make. Based on interviews with f
Crawford, Stephanie Y
Objectives. To develop and implement a seminar course for graduate students in the social and administrative pharmaceutical sciences to enhance knowledge and confidence with respect their abilities to demonstrate appropriate business etiquette.
In 1949, the world's first business computer application was rolled out. The host for the application was a British catering and food-manufacturing company, which had developed and built its own computer, designed for business data processing. The author traces the endeavour's history and presents an analysis of how and why the company-J. Lyons & Co.-was in a natural position to take on the challenge, the precursor of the information revolution we see today
Mulej, Matjaž; Škafar, Branko
This article presents a new business excellence model for PUC (PUC), especially in countries in transition as one way to business excellence. The new model has proven successful in a multinational company's daughter company in Slovenia in practice as well as in comparison with companies performing the same activity. We are aware that there are no universal models for success, but there are tools which make it easier to reach. Of course, one single tool will not make a company successful. It m...
Francesca Capo; Federica Brunetta; Paolo Boccardelli
The search to find a more efficient and effective way of managing processes, while maintaining the integrity of research and manufacturing activities, has led pharmaceutical firms, and other actors of the renewed pharmaceutical supply chain, to modify their own business models. This article aims to emphasize this dimension, highlighting, via the observation of a network of firms operating at different stages of the pharmaceutical supply chain, how business models have succeeded in compleme...
Workplace travel planning began in the UK in the early 1990s. With over ten years of experience in travel plans in the UK, this thesis demonstrates how they have developed, matured and the extent to which they have become embedded into the organisations working practices as a business management tool. This work is distinct from previous research, as it concentrates on the business perspective of travel plans, through a series of in depth interviews within organisations. These interviews w...
JARKKO TAPANI PELLIKKA; PASI MALINEN
Small technology firms are currently facing increasingly severe competition in a dynamic business environment where an effective commercialization process may secure the survival of a venture and provide key benefits such as increases in turnover, profits and market share. However, technology firms have to be able to create the suitable business model for a new product commercialization in order to realize the economical potential and value. Therefore, it is important to increase our knowledg...
Fu, Ching Yee
Businesses are directly impacted by world socioeconomic, political and climatic trends. As globalization accelerates, the case for incorporating awareness and action on these issues into corporate strategy become overwhelmingly strong. If businesses mishandle or ignore global issues ranging from poverty to climate change, it can potentially cause severe financial and reputation damage. Responding to these problems can generate economic opportunities in new markets. The four billion people at ...
Kranenburg, H.L. van; Ziggers, G.W.
Globalization, deregulation, technological innovation and the convergence of previously separated industries such as media, entertainment, information, and consumer electronics industries, have changed the media landscape into a turbulent environment. As a consequence of these developments, many med
Over the last three decades, outsourcing has had a big influence on the international division of labour. It is clear that it has been a major reason for the enormous build-up of production capabilities in the developing world, in particular in the export platforms of Asia. However, the influence of outsourcing on innovation capabilities is less clear. Recent literature shows that innovation capabilities have emerged in the software cluster of Bangalore in India. This report asks whether and ...
James Love; Stephen Roper; Priit Vahter
We investigate claims of a ‘paradigm shift’ towards firms using open innovation as a conscious strategic choice. Such a claim implicitly involves two elements: first, there should be some evidence that firms are increasingly likely to use a combination of internal and external knowledge in their innovation activity, and second, there should evidence that firms derive a systematic advantage from so doing. Using a panel of Irish manufacturing plants over the period 1991-2008 we develop four arc...
Ahn, H K; Huda, M S; Smith, M C; Mulbry, W; Schmidt, W F; Reeves, J B
The biodegradability of three types of bioplastic pots was evaluated by measuring carbon dioxide produced from lab-scale compost reactors containing mixtures of pot fragments and compost inoculum held at 58 °C for 60 days. Biodegradability of pot type A (composed of 100% polylactic acid (PLA)) was very low (13 ± 3%) compared to literature values for other PLA materials. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) results suggest that the PLA undergoes chemical structural changes during polymer extrusion and injection molding. These changes may be the basis of the low biodegradability value. Biodegradability of pot types B (containing 5% poultry feather, 80% PLA, 15% starch), and C (containing 50% poultry feather, 25% urea, 25% glycerol), were 53 ± 2% and 39 ± 3%, respectively. More than 85% of the total biodegradation of these bioplastics occurred within 38 days. NIRS results revealed that poultry feather was not degraded during composting. PMID:21320772
Ghosh, Shibani; Tano-Debrah, Kwaku; Aaron, Grant J; Otoo, Gloria; Strutt, Nicholas; Bomfeh, Kennedy; Kitamura, Satoshi; Suri, Devika J; Murakami, Hitoshi; Furuta, Chie; Sarpong, Daniel; Saalia, F; Nakao, Youzou; Amonoo-Kuofi, Harold; Uauy, Ricardo; Toride, Yasuhiko
Reaching vulnerable populations in low-resource settings with effective business solutions is critical, given the global nature of food and nutrition security. Over a third of deaths of children under 5 years of age are directly or indirectly caused by undernutrition. The Lancet series on malnutrition (2013) estimates that over 220,000 lives of children under 5 years of age can be saved through the implementation of an infant and young child feeding and care package. A unique project being undertaken in Ghana aims to bring in two elements of innovation in infant and young child feeding. The first involves a public-private partnership (PPP) to develop and test the efficacy and effectiveness of the delivery of a low-cost complementary food supplement in Ghana called KOKO Plus™. The second involves the testing of the concepts of social entrepreneurship and social business models in the distribution and delivery of the product. This paper shares information on the ongoing activities in the testing of concepts of PPPs, social business, social marketing, and demand creation using different delivery platforms to achieve optimal nutrition in Ghanaian infants and young children in the first 2 years of life. It also focuses on outlining the concept of using PPP and base-of-the-pyramid approaches toward achieving nutrition objectives. PMID:25514865
Huang, Chi-Yo; Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung; Ho, Wen-Rong; Chuang, Hsiu-Tyan; Lue, Yeou-Feng
The emergence of the Internet has changed the high technology marketing channels thoroughly in the past decade while E-commerce has already become one of the most efficient channels which high technology firms may skip the intermediaries and reach end customers directly. However, defining appropriate e-business models for commercializing new high technology products or services through Internet are not that easy. To overcome the above mentioned problems, a novel analytic framework based on the concept of high technology customers’ competence set expansion by leveraging high technology service firms’ capabilities and resources as well as novel multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) techniques, will be proposed in order to define an appropriate e-business model. An empirical example study of a silicon intellectual property (SIP) commercialization e-business model based on MCDM techniques will be provided for verifying the effectiveness of this novel analytic framework. The analysis successful assisted a Taiwanese IC design service firm to define an e-business model for maximizing its customer’s SIP transactions. In the future, the novel MCDM framework can be applied successful to novel business model definitions in the high technology industry.
Lund, Morten; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård; Nielsen, Louise Møller
” The term business model can be defined as a business concept that has been put into practice. The increase in dynamics in markets, technology, economies etc. challenge the requirements to make consistent and synchronized decisions on which business models to develop and implement. Complexity...... efficiently. This paper describes initial experiences of facilitating business model mapping or business model innovation by game-like setups.”...
Accinelli, Cesare; Saccà, Maria Ludovica; Mencarelli, Mariangela; Vicari, Alberto
Increasing environmental concerns and the introduction of technologies based on renewable resources have stimulated the replacement of persistent petroleum-derived plastics with biodegradable plastics from biopolymers. As a consequence, a variety of products are currently manufactured from bioplastic, including carrier bags. This series of studies investigated the deterioration of carrier bags made with Mater-Bi (MB), a starch-based bioplastic, in soil, compost and two aquatic ecosystems, a littoral marsh and seawater. Results from the laboratory study indicated that bioplastic carrier bags were rapidly deteriorated in soil and compost. After three months of incubation, weight loss of specimens was of 37% and 43% in soil and compost, respectively. Conversely, little deterioration was observed in specimens buried in soil under field conditions or exposed to water of a littoral marsh and of the Adriatic Sea. These findings were consistent with the greater number of bacteria and especially fungi capable of degrading MB that were recovered from soil and compost with respect to the two aquatic ecosystems. Considering that a variety of microbial isolates are capable of using MB as a source of carbon, a new alternative to recycle these MB-based carrier bags was explored. More specifically, starchy residues from bags were fermented by the fungus Rhizopus oryzae to produce up to 35 mg of lactic acid per g of bag residues. PMID:22717162
首先解析商业模式创新内涵及我国电动汽车商业模式发展现状,运用SWOT分析工具对我国电动汽车商业模式创新现状进行剖析,明确其所具备的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,并在此基础上提出促进我国电动汽车商业模式创新的战略措施.%Since there is no major technological breakthrough in current battery technology, it is important to explore business model innovation to realize the commercialization and large - scale development of electric vehicles. This paper firstly analyses the connotation of business model innovation and electric car business model development in China, and then the SWOT tool is used to analyze the status quo of China's electric car business model innovation, its advantages, its disadvantages, its opportunities and challenges. Lastly, on this basis, the strategic measures to promote Chinas electric car business model innovation are given.
Business models and processes are evolving in quicktime to take advantage of opportunities enabled by the rapid advance of digital technology. Meanwhile, the preferences of customers and the jobs they need to do are co-evolving. What's accelerating the transformation of markets is that, using digital networks, customers and other stakeholder can instantly influence the development of new offerings. As a result, upstart businesses that can connect with customers through new social channels burgeon and thrive and long-established segments suddenly wither and vanish. This book identifies several
Full Text Available The risks and opportunities presented by climate change for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs have been largely overlooked by previous research. The subsequent lack of knowledge in this field makes it difficult for SMEs to engage with climate change in a meaningful, profitable, and sustainable way. Further, current research cannot explain why SMEs rarely engage with climate change. We examine critically 30 SMEs, which engage with climate change knowledges and 5 Innovation-Support-Organizations (ISOs that communicate climate change knowledges. Over a three-year period we explore why and how these businesses approach the knowledge gap between climate change science and business practice, drawing on a variety of ethnographic research methods: (1 in-depth semi-structured and open interviews; (2 participant observations; and (3 practitioners’ workshops. The results demonstrate that business’ mitigation and adaptation strategies are lay-knowledge-dependent, derived from personal values, space, and place identity. To enhance the number of SMEs engaging with climate change, maximize the potential value of climate change for the econo- my and establish a low carbon economy, climate change communication needs to target personal values of business leaders. The message should highlight local impacts of climate change, the benefits of engagement to (the local society and economy, and possible financial benefits for the business. Climate change communication therefore needs to go beyond thinking about potential financial benefits and scientific evidence and challenge values, cultures, and beliefs to stimulate economic, political, and social frameworks that promote values-based decision-making.
The 8th international scientific conference New Challenges of Economic and Business Development–2016: Society, Innovations and Collaborative Economy has a particular focus on society, innovations and collaborative economy. The aim of the conference is to discuss results of scientific research in economic and management issues, identify the possibilities to merge it with practical matters and to establish new networks for future research co-operation. Conference book of...
Levinson, Harry J.
Increasing costs of wafer processing, particularly for lithographic processes, have made it increasingly difficult to achieve simultaneous reductions in cost-per-function and area per device. Multiple patterning techniques have made possible the fabrication of circuit layouts below the resolution limit of single optical exposures but have led to significant increases in the costs of patterning. Innovative techniques, such as self-aligned double patterning (SADP) have enabled good device performance when using less expensive patterning equipment. Other innovations have directly reduced the cost of manufacturing. A number of technical challenges must be overcome to enable a return to single-exposure patterning using short wavelength optical techniques, such as EUV patterning.
Plant, Kato; Slippers, Jana
This article reports on the introduction of a business communication course in the curriculum of postgraduate internal audit students at a higher education institution in South Africa. Internal auditors should have excellent verbal and written communication skills in performing value-adding assurance and consulting services to their engagement…
Gonul, Fusun F.; Solano, Roger A.
We investigate business undergraduate mathematics-based courses in a blended environment of online assignments and exams and offline lectures, and report the impact on academic performance of factors such as classroom attendance, web-based course supplements, and homework. We present results from both ordinary least squares and fixed effects,…
Measuring Innovation Oriented Activities: Traditional versus Knowledge Based Indicators and their Differences across Sectors Michael STEINER, Christoph ADAMETZ, Mirjam NOVAKOVIC, Institute of Technology and Regional Policy, JOANNEUM RESEARCH, Elisabethstrasse 20/II, 8010 Graz, Austria and Department of Economics, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Universitätsstraße 15/4, 8010 Graz E-Mail: , , Indicato...
Ph.D. Koellinger (Philipp)
textabstractThis article analyzes the relationship between the usage of Internet-based technologies, different types of innovation, and performance at the firm level. Data for the empirical investigation originates from a sample of 7,302 European enterprises. The empirical results show that Internet
Chen, Yurong; Wang, Wenhua
It has been an urgent mission for universities and institutes to instruct the students with enterprise knowledge and cultivate high quality entrepreneurial talents with innovation. The paper discusses the knowledge, ability and quality structure of talents of economics and administration with a purpose to achieve the goal of innovative…
Applied Master's Degree and doctoral programs have been criticized widely for their lack of relevance, rigor and quality. New graduate degree programs have responded to these criticisms by implementing innovative academic policies, program curriculum, and student services. A case study of the Metropolitan State University Doctor of Business…
Crul, M.R.M.; Hong Long, N.
Most of the available Sustainable Product Innovation (SPI) approaches and tools have been developed in Western Europe, based upon European experiences. However, in South-East Asian economies like Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, needs are different and more immediate. Also the characteristics of the loca
Martínez-Cañas, Ricardo; del Pozo-Rubio, Raúl; Mondéjar-Jiménez, José; Ruiz-Palomino, Pablo
Higher education is constantly changing and looking for innovative educational solutions in order to increase the level of the student's knowledge and skills. As an important part of this set of educational policies, a new process is emerging for the ideation, planning and implementation of multidisciplinary case studies for students with the aim…
Helms, Niels Henrik
Kravet om innovation og kreativitet er på flere måder en stor og en ny udfordring for voksenuddannelserne. Det udfordrer det didaktiske dilemma, det at vi skal gøres til kompetente og frie mennesker gennem pædagogiske handlinger, som netop pålægger os en ufrihed. – Men hvor denne ufrihed...... innovative, netop er det, vi endnu ikke kender...
Companies constantly adapt to new business environments in order to be successful and stay relevant. Innovation is a vital source for a company to be competitive in the business environment. Innovations enable companies to develop and utilize new strategies, tools, and tactics as well as new products and services. Enterprise resource planning…
This handbook emerged from the commitment of Energy-Related Inventions Program personnel to supporting the commercialization efforts of independent and small business inventors with new technologies. As you read this document, you will face questions that may seem far removed from technological concerns--questions about the market, your competition, your business structure, and about legal and regulatory requirements. These may seem peripheral to your present and future work. But, make no mistake, you must carefully and honestly consider and answer these if you expect to penetrate the market in sustained way and profit from your work. Over four hundred of your peers--some by success, others by failure--have shown us the lessons incorporated in this volume. By using it, and by commenting on it, you benefit from their collective experience, and make invaluable additions to it. 4 figs., 3 tabs.
Full Text Available The existence of massive amounts of data raised the question of using their reorientation to a retrospective to a prospective operation. Data mining offers the promise of an important aid for discovering hidden patterns in data that can be used to predict the behavior of customers, products and processes. Data mining tools must be guided by users who understand the business, the general nature of the data and analytical methods involved. It discovers information within the data that queries and reports can’t effectively reveal. It is vital to collect data and prepare properly, to face reality models. Choosing the most appropriate product data mining is to find a tool with the capabilities required, an interface that matches the skills of users and can be applied in a specific business problem. In this context, the purpose of this paper is to illustrate some of the problems of company activity problems which can be solved by using data mining techniques.
D. Y. Kong; X. H. Bi
The diffusion of electric vehicles (EVs) involves not only the technological development but also the construction of complex social networks. This paper uses the theory of network control to analyze the influence of network forms on EV diffusion in China, especially focusing on the building of EV business models (BMs) and the resulting effects and control on the diffusion of EVs. The Bass model is adopted to forecast the diffusion process of EVs and genetic algorithm is used to estimate the ...
The paper analyzes the interdependence between business ethics and sustainability applied on tourism. First, it outlines the general framework, sustainability and holistic ethics, developed further in theory and practical examples. The main objective is to realize an analyses of the collected data from the ethical perspective: the magnitude of tourism’ industry today and its trends which endanger or could aid durability; the frame of reference for responsible and sustainable tourism: the Glob...
James Boyd; Anne Clear; Sarah Chapman; Alex Dawson; Rachel Esler; Vanessa Grida; Leslie Theaker; Michelle Wheeler
This paper reports on the development of first year “core” units in the new Bachelor of Business (BBus) at Murdoch University. These units evolved from a curriculum renewal program and presented opportunities and challenges in their development. The units needed to develop not only the essential numeracy, literacy and research skills for students to transition successfully to university studies, but also the core technical skills in discipline areas common to all BBus majors. Developing these...
Hagen, Øyvind; Larssæther, Stig
Commercial organisations are the foundation walls of our modern economy. More than 200 years of industrial activity and the recent trend of globalisation have made them the most powerful institutions when it comes to resources, knowledge and ability to influence their surroundings. In spite of their strong position, business is not doing enough to meet the environmental challenge. The suggested ‘solution’ of eco-efficiency initiatives is a product of the same thinking that has created the pro...
Salavisa, I.; Sousa, C.; DINÂMIA, Maria
This paper focuses on the behaviour of new technology-intensive firms (NTIFs) in the process of developing research-based renewable energy technologies, and introducing them into the market. Our main assumption is that the introduction of new energy technologies is closely connected with the creation of a variety of small technology-intensive firms that are the conveyors of these technologies and act as challengers to the statu quo. We adopt a business model framework to study value cr...
Gellatly, Guy; Baldwin, John R.
This paper summarizes the results of several research studies conducted by the Micro-economic Analysis Division of Statistics Canada that investigate the impact of advanced technology use on business performance. These studies combine establishment-level survey data on advanced technology practices with longitudinal data that measure changes in relative performance. Together, these studies provide strong evidence that technology strategies have considerable bearing on competitive outcomes aft...
Based on opening up the higher education system to Private sectors in India, the competition between institutions for quality education became primary issue of discussion to attract more students to their courses. Innovation in Student-centric learning is one of the basic requirements to attract interested students to the institution. In this context, the institutions of higher education in India are in need of an infusion of quality and clarity on the approach of building world-class educati...
Bartoš Přemysl; Ključnikov Aleksandr; Popesko Boris; Macháček Jiří
SMEs make a major contribution to the growth and employment in the EU. In today’s fierce competition in the market economic activities the SMEs had gradually developed into a major force for national economic and social development in every country of world. The aim of this article is to examine the approach to innovativeness and competitive aggressiveness between males and females in the segment of small and medium-sized enterprises. Based on the results of the questionnaire which was conduc...
In a fast moving environment university-industry collaborations play a critical role in developing a knowledge-based economy and a sustainable competitive advantage. Knowledge transfer from university to industry is supported by national governments as part of their innovation, national growth and competitiveness program. The aim of this project is to develop a strategy that will re-energise the continuing efforts of the BPU in engaging with local chemical-using SMEs through the Chemistry Inn...
McGraw-Hill Companies, New York, NY. Educational and Professional Publishing Group.
This report profiles 10 public schools that, with help from businesses or community-based organizations, have created outstanding arts programs. A quality arts education helps students develop creative and critical thinking, innovative problem solving, effective communication, self-discipline, teamwork, and a respect for diverse cultures. The…
Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) plants are a promising technology of renewable energy production, as witnessed by the increasing public and private investments during the last decade. The assessment of the associated risks of business interruption (loss of production) and loss of assets due to the occurrence of undesired internal or external events, such as failures of components, unfavorable environmental conditions, etc., brings added values by informing design modifications and contributing to production assurance, for rational Company investments in these environmentally sustainable power plants. This work presents and applies a methodology for assessing the risks associated to a CSP of innovative design. The methodology is derived from traditional system risk analysis, specifically focused only on the economic consequences of the internal events of failure behavior of components. The innovation in the design considered is particularly aimed at augmenting the CSP intrinsic capability of being equipped with thermal storage systems by the introduction of a molten salt mixture as heat transfer fluid. This technology presents evident advantages in terms of system simplification and reduction of production costs but on the other hand introduces a risk factor with regards to the solidification of the salt mixture that occurs at about 240 C. (author)
Essary, Alison C; Wade, Nathaniel L
According to the most recent statistics from the National Center for Education Statistics, disparities in enrollment in undergraduate and graduate education are significant and not improving commensurate with the national population. Similarly, only 12% of graduating medical students and 13% of graduating physician assistant students are from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups. Established in 2012 to promote health care transformation at the organization and system levels, the School for the Science of Health Care Delivery is aligned with the university and college missions to create innovative, interdisciplinary curricula that meet the needs of our diverse patient and community populations. Three-year enrollment trends in the program exceed most national benchmarks, particularly among students who identify as Hispanic and American Indian/Alaska Native. The Science of Health Care Delivery program provides students a seamless learning experience that prepares them to be solutions-oriented leaders proficient in the business of health care, change management, innovation, and data-driven decision making. Defined as the study and design of systems, processes, leadership and management used to optimize health care delivery and health for all, the Science of Health Care Delivery will prepare the next generation of creative, diverse, pioneering leaders in health care. PMID:27262477
IANNUCCI, JOE; EYER, JIM; BUTLER, PAUL C.
This report describes the second phase of a project entitled ''Innovative Business Cases for Energy Storage in a Restructured Electricity Marketplace''. During part one of the effort, nine ''Stretch Scenarios'' were identified. They represented innovative and potentially significant uses of electric energy storage. Based on their potential to significantly impact the overall energy marketplace, the five most compelling scenarios were identified. From these scenarios, five specific ''Storage Market Opportunities'' (SMOs) were chosen for an in-depth evaluation in this phase. The authors conclude that some combination of the Power Cost Volatility and the T&D Benefits SMOs would be the most compelling for further investigation. Specifically, a combination of benefits (energy, capacity, power quality and reliability enhancement) achievable using energy storage systems for high value T&D applications, in regions with high power cost volatility, makes storage very competitive for about 24 GW and 120 GWh during the years of 2001 and 2010.
分析了农村文化产业的商业模式,提出创新农村文化产业商业模式的策略:以文化创意为核心进行资源开发;利用独特资源打造价值链;采取品牌先行方法创新商业模式;融合新技术与新产品创新产业商业模式;利用资本运作增强营销传播.%The business model of rural culture industry was analyzed, some advices for the innovation were put forward: developing resource with culture innovation as the core; building value chain by using specific resource; innovating business model by using brand preceding method; fusing new technology and new product; strengthening marketing broadcasting by using capital operation.
Rasmussen, Erik Stavnsager; Jørgensen, Jacob Høj; Goduscheit, René Chester;
We have in the research project NEWGIBM (New Global ICT based Business Models) during 2005 and 2006 closely cooperated with a group of firms. The focus in the project has been development of new business models (and innovation) in close cooperation with multiple partners. These partners have been...... customers, suppliers, R&D partners, and others. The methodological problem is thus, how to come from e.g. one in-depth case study to a more formalized theory or model on how firms can develop new projects and be innovative in a network. The paper is structured so that it starts with a short presentation of...... the two key concepts in our research setting and theoretical models: Innovation and networks. It is not our intention in this paper to present a lengthy discussion of the two concepts, but a short presentation is necessary to understand the validity and interpretation discussion later in the paper...
影响高校创新创业教育因素有很多,本文从社会和企业视角进行问卷调研,指出社会和企业在高校创新创业中的作用,创设"社会+企业+高校"三位一体的教育模式,为高校创新创业教育指引方向.%Universities innovation and entrepreneurship education have a lot of factors, this article from the perspective of so-cial and corporate questionnaire survey, noted that the role of social and business innovation and entrepreneurship in univer-sities, the creation of"social+business+Universities"trinity model of education, innovation and entrepreneurship education for college guidelines direction.
The objective of this research is to examine the Case Company´s possibilities to develop its current business model in order to improve the Company´s inventory turnover and working capital management. The focus is on the operational management, more closely, on the Company´s supply chain and production process. The Case Company is a medium-sized company operating in the retail industry. The research method in this research is qualitative. The case study method is chosen to the main resea...
Full Text Available This paper reports on the development of first year “core” units in the new Bachelor of Business (BBus at Murdoch University. These units evolved from a curriculum renewal program and presented opportunities and challenges in their development. The units needed to develop not only the essential numeracy, literacy and research skills for students to transition successfully to university studies, but also the core technical skills in discipline areas common to all BBus majors. Developing these units in a collaborative manner with ongoing interaction between academic and professional staff helped to scaffold skills development on an inter-unit basis.
Heikkila, J.; Heikkila, M.; Bouwman, W.A.G.A.
Business Model Innovation is attracting more and more attention from business as well as from academics. Business Model Innovation deals with both technological and knowledge related changes that either may disrupt or sustain existing product/market strategies. Timing of Business Model Innovation both with regard to the right moment as well as speed of implementing competitive concepts becomes crucial. In this conceptual paper we discuss and evaluate possibilities for shortening the lead-time...
H Omrani Fard
Full Text Available During the past two decades, the use of bioplastics as an alternative to regular plastics has received much attention in many different industries. The mechanical and degradable properties of bioplastic are important for their utilization. In this research cellulose of wheat straw and glycerol were mixed by different weight ratios and then reinforced by using date palm fibers. To prepare the bioplastic plates, the materials were poured in molds and pressed by means of a hydraulic press and simultaneously heating of the molds. The experiments were performed based on a 3×3 factorial design with three levels: 50%, 60% and 70% of wheat cellulose and three types of reinforcement methods, namely: no-reinforcement, network reinforcement and parallel string reinforcement. The effect of the two factors on tensile strength, tensile strain, bending strength, modulus of elasticity and modulus of bending were investigated. The results indicated that the two factors and their interactions had significant effects on the mentioned properties of bioplastics (at α=0.05 level . The comparison of the means of the tests showed that the network reinforcement type with 50% cellulose had the highest tensile and bending strengths with 1992.02 and 28.71 MPa, respectively. The maximum modulus of elasticity and modulus bending were 40.4 and 2.3 MPa, respectively for parallel string arrangement and 70% of cellulose. The degradability tests of bioplastic using a fistulated sheep indicated that with increasing the percentage of cellulose, the degradability rate deceased. The maximum degradability rate, after 48 h holding in the sheep rumen, was 74% that belonged to bioplastics with 50% cellulose. The degradability data were well fitted to a mathematical model (R2=0.97.
insight from the literature about business models, international product policy, international entry modes and globalization into a conceptual model of relevant design elements of global business models, enabling global business model innovation to deal with differences in a downstream perspective...
E. K. PILILYAN
Full Text Available The paper covers on the current stage of the national modernization on innovative basis in the regions of the southern Russian Far East: from the tasks designated by the strategic tasks for regional development in 2000 to the situation fifteen years later, considering the mechanisms seeking to solve problems in achievement of target via cooperation of government and businesses. The contemporary historical stage of the Russian entrepreneurship is characterized by increased attention of the government and public to the issues related to activation and stabilization of the new social stratum called to support the socioeconomic security of the country. Taking into account the strategic interests of Russia in the Asia-Pacific markets and the priority development of the FarEastern regions in those areas as predetermined by active establishment of entrepreneur’s community compliant with the Asia-Pacific market, it is required to stress on professional training and retraining of the Far-Eastern entrepreneurs. The contemporary requirements in connection with innovative development of economy demand for establishment in entrepreneurs of innovative thinking and therefore, applying respective educational technologies. Those processes are reflected in the establishment of education system in Russia, however, any business since the first days of market operation should be run by respective quality staff and therefore, taking into account the short background of establishment of the contemporary Russian entrepreneurship’s community, government and businesses use the experience of developed countries, creating national models of innovative education technologies to train entrepreneurs and striving to enhance those processes. Social business is a relatively new phenomenon on the contemporary Russian market, however, due to the ability of that kind of business to solve a lot of problems its support by government and public is determined. For more successful
Статья посвящена раскрытию предпочтений российского крупного бизнеса. Особое внимание уделяется институциональной среде, которая в значительной степени влияет на выбор стратегий поведения крупного бизнеса. Показана роль инвестиций в НИОКР в рамках данных стратегий.The paper is devoted to the Russian big business preferences disclosure. Special attention is paid to institutional environment that affects greatly on the choice of big business behavior strategies. The role of R&D investments ...
Xi, Ning; Ormerod, Paul; Wang, Yougui
In the market economies, sustained output growth is always accompanied by persistent fluctuations. Whether the fluctuations are caused by external shocks or deterministic forces has been a controversial issue in economics, with the dominant mainstream paradigm favouring the former. Here we examine the hypothesis that an important determinant of periods and sizes of expansion and recession is the constructive and destructive effects of innovations and the consequent chain reactions. We show that an evolutionary two-dimensional Bak-Sneppen model is able to generate results which are very similar to the empirical fluctuations which we observe in GDP dynamics of OECD countries. The finding provides a different framework for understanding aggregate market dynamics from that of conventional economic theory.
Helms, Niels Henrik
Kravet om innovation og kreativitet er på flere måder en stor og en ny udfordring for voksenuddannelserne. Det udfordrer det didaktiske dilemma, det at vi skal gøres til kompetente og frie mennesker gennem pædagogiske handlinger, som netop pålægger os en ufrihed. – Men hvor denne ufrihed tidligere...... kunne begrundes med, at skolen eller uddannelsen vidste bedre, så er det ikke længere tilfældet. Skolen skal sørge for, at vi lærer noget – og ikke noget andet. Men det kan ikke længere med bestemthed afgøres, hvad det er vi skal lære i skolen, fordi det nye, det kreative og ikke mindst innovative...
The culture innovation plays an important role in the development of family business. By analyzing the development of culture innovation in Japanese family business, we discover some main features. Those features are absorbing traditional cultures for business, merging into foreign cultures actively, adjusting family business institution according to era characteristics, preserving cultures that can be adapted to the social development. Nowadays the culture innovation of family business in our country faces some difficulties. Japanese family business offers some experience for promoting our culture innovation of family business. We could take measures such as taking family culture innovation systematically and timely in different stages of the development of the enterprises, combining collectivism and capability, introducing shareholder value maximization concept, drawing experience from excellent enterprise cultures all around the world and improving the institutional environment of our country.%家族企业文化创新对于家族企业发展至关重要.通过分析日本家族企业文化创新发展阶段,发现日本家族企业文化创新的主要特征有:积极吸收本国传统文化为企业服务、积极融入外国优秀文化、根据时代特点调整家族企业制度、始终坚持本国文化中的优秀理念等.分析当前我国家族企业文化创新面临主要困难,提出借鉴日本经验可以采取:系统地进行家族企业文化创新、集体主义与能力主义相结合、引入股东价值最大化理念、根据家族企业的发展实际实施企业文化创新、积极吸收各国优秀文化、完善我国制度环境等措施.
大数据对商业模式具有创造性破坏的潜能。将大数据与商业模式有效结合，从商业模式的经济、运营和战略3个视角指出大数据能提升竞争优势。基于创新目标和机制分析了大数据时代商业模式创新的框架，围绕商业模式的4个界面分析了大数据背景下商业模式构成要素和构成结构的变革。%Big data owns the potential of creative destruction on today's business model .The big data and business model is integrated ,the influence of big data on improving competitiveness is pointed out based on the economic ,operational and strategic perspective of business model ,the framework of business model innovation for the era of big data is analyzed based on the targets and mechanisms of innovation ,the changes on the elements and structure of business model under the background of big data is analyzed around the four interfaces .
Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.; Morris, Jessica R.
This document is intended to enable the more effective transition of NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) SBIR technologies funded by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program as well as its companion, the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program into NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) projects. Primarily, it is intended to help NASA program and project managers find useful technologies that have undergone extensive research and development (RRD), through Phase II of the SBIR program; however, it can also assist non-NASA agencies and commercial companies in this process. aviation safety, unmanned aircraft, ground and flight test technique, low emissions, quiet performance, rotorcraft
Palaszewski, Bryan A.
Under its Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program (and with NASA Headquarters support), the NASA Lewis Research Center has initiated a topic entitled "Fuels and Space Propellants for Reusable Launch Vehicles." The aim of this project would be to assist in demonstrating and then commercializing new rocket propellants that are safer and more environmentally sound and that make space operations easier. Soon it will be possible to commercialize many new propellants and their related component technologies because of the large investments being made throughout the Government in rocket propellants and the technologies for using them. This article discusses the commercial vision for these fuels and propellants, the potential for these propellants to reduce space access costs, the options for commercial development, and the benefits to nonaerospace industries. This SBIR topic is designed to foster the development of propellants that provide improved safety, less environmental impact, higher density, higher I(sub sp), and simpler vehicle operations. In the development of aeronautics and space technology, there have been limits to vehicle performance imposed by traditionally used propellants and fuels. Increases in performance are possible with either increased propellant specific impulse, increased density, or both. Flight system safety will also be increased by the use of denser, more viscous propellants and fuels.
Rasmussen, Erik Stavnsager; Jørgensen, Jacob Høj; Goduscheit, René Chester;
customers, suppliers, R&D partners, and others. The methodological problem is thus, how to come from e.g. one in-depth case study to a more formalized theory or model on how firms can develop new projects and be innovative in a network. The paper is structured so that it starts with a short presentation of....... Next step is a brief presentation of the case study methodology and our research setting with three fundamental research questions regarding methodology addressed in this paper. The next part of the paper presents a distinction between out-come driven and event-driven research and makes a case for the......We have in the research project NEWGIBM (New Global ICT based Business Models) during 2005 and 2006 closely cooperated with a group of firms. The focus in the project has been development of new business models (and innovation) in close cooperation with multiple partners. These partners have been...
企业通过肩负起社会责任以获取经济效益的绿色商业模式，体现了可持续和以人为本的发展要求。其中企业需要承担的社会责任包括对未来社会的责任、对公共环境健康的责任、对企业员工健康的责任以及对消费者健康的责任。绿色商业模式创新的动力系统是由创新主体管理者和外部影响因素组成，其中管理者系统包括道德层面的社会责任感和理性层面的创新预期收益。绿色商业模式创新可以将企业社会责任转换成经济效益，而企业经济效益的提升又将进一步促进社会责任的践行，最终实现企业经济责任与社会责任的平衡。%Business model innovation in Green Times(Referred to as Green Business Model Innovation in short)is the business model in which the enterprises achieve economic benefits by undertaking social responsibilities,which reflects the requests of sustainable development and the human-centered development. The responsibilities the enterprises need to undertake include responsibilities towards the future society,responsibilities for the public environment and health,and responsibilities for the customers’health.The dynamic mechanism of green business innovation model consists of managers of the innovation team and many other outer influencing factors,of which the managers system is composed of the social responsibility in the moral sense and the expected innovation benefits in the rational sense.The green business model innovation can transform the social responsibility into economic benefit,and the increase in the economic benefit of the enterprise in turn can promote the fulfillment of the social responsibility, which eventually helps strike a balance between the economic responsibility and the social responsibility of the enterprise.
企业通过肩负起社会责任以获取经济效益的绿色商业模式，体现了可持续和以人为本的发展要求。其中企业需要承担的社会责任包括对未来社会的责任、对公共环境健康的责任、对企业员工健康的责任以及对消费者健康的责任。绿色商业模式创新的动力系统是由创新主体管理者和外部影响因素组成，其中管理者系统包括道德层面的社会责任感和理性层面的创新预期收益。绿色商业模式创新可以将企业社会责任转换成经济效益，而企业经济效益的提升又将进一步促进社会责任的践行，最终实现企业经济责任与社会责任的平衡。%Business model innovation in Green Times(Referred to as Green Business Model Innovation in short)is the business model in which the enterprises achieve economic benefits by undertaking social responsibilities,which reflects the requests of sustainable development and the human-centered development. The responsibilities the enterprises need to undertake include responsibilities towards the future society,responsibilities for the public environment and health,and responsibilities for the customers’health.The dynamic mechanism of green business innovation model consists of managers of the innovation team and many other outer influencing factors,of which the managers system is composed of the social responsibility in the moral sense and the expected innovation benefits in the rational sense.The green business model innovation can transform the social responsibility into economic benefit,and the increase in the economic benefit of the enterprise in turn can promote the fulfillment of the social responsibility, which eventually helps strike a balance between the economic responsibility and the social responsibility of the enterprise.
This study aims to understand what relationship exists between the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) orientation of a firm and the innovative capabilities that shape its ability to prosper in its environment. To analyze these relationships, Social Business Joint Ventures (SBJV) were chosen as demonstration of a firm’s CSR orientation, as they are recognized in related literature as source of creativity and flexibility. A review of relevant literature revealed a gap between ...
对商业模式的创新有助于我国LED照明企业把握新机遇，增强国际竞争力。对现有商业模式创新路径的研究进行梳理，针对我国LED照明企业目前存在的问题，以价值链和商业模式构成要素为切入点，从价值链、目标消费者需求、产品和服务、营销策略和战略方向五个方面提出了LED照明企业商业模式创新路径。LED照明企业可以根据自身情况，有选择、阶段性地建立起自己独特的商业模式，实现持续盈利。%Business model innovation helps LED enterprises in China grasp new opportunities and enhance their internation-al competitiveness.The study sorts out the current business model innovation route.In view of the existing problems in LED enterprises in China and starting with the value chain and the elements of business model,the business model innovation route for LED enterprises is proposed from the perspective of value chain,target consumer demand,products and services, marketing strategy and strategic direction.LED lighting companies may,in light of their actual situation,set up their own unique business model selectively and periodically to achieve profitable revenue growth.
Mohammad Issa Al-Zoubi
Full Text Available Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to predict e-business adoption through integrating the constructs of the Rogers’s DOI theory combined with TOE model. Design/methodology/approach– A structural equation modeling is conducted through the analysis of 113firms usable questionnaires. Findings– The results show that the existence of significant relationship between the TOE factors and the businesses e-business adoption. It is found that higher explicitness and accumulation of technology can help the transfer of technological knowledge within the organization and can raise the capability to adopt innovative technologies. Practical implications–for the theory under study is the notion that adoption of e-business can lead to improvements in firms’ performance. It has been revealed that positive influences generally increase with the increase of e-business penetration. Originality/value– The paper is the recently study that examines e-business adoption in the Jordan. Also, the findings allow us to understand the importance of both technology-related aspects and social influence in e-procurement adoption.
郑慕强; 周攀; 徐宗玲
Through introducing the idea of collaborative innovation, this study explores the compound business talents training model. Based on analysis of the current domestic universities business talents training and summarizing the problems, we propose a business talents training model based on collaborative innovation. The training mode contains four parts, including curriculum system design, theoretical courses and practical courses teaching reform, cultivating innovative talents, security system for training mode.%将协同创新思想引入复合型商科人才培养当中，基于对当前国内高等院校商科人才培养模式的分析和存在问题的总结，提出一种基于协同创新的商科人才培养模式。该培养模式包括专业课程体系设计、理论课程与实践课程的分类、针对不同课程的实践探索、建立复合型创新人才、协同创新人才培养模式的保障体系四方面。
中国家族企业的文化本质上为“家文化”的泛化.本文运用SWOT模型,分析了以“家文化”为理念的家族管理模式在经营管理中的优势、劣势,判明其面临的机遇和挑战；并提出了新形势下中国家族企业的文化创新路径.%Chinese family business culture is essentially a generalization of "family culture".Using SWOT analysis, this paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of management mode of the family business based on "family culture" in the management process, and also ascertains the opportunities and threats that it will face. At last,we analyse the innovation path of the culture of Chinese family business under new situation.
Full Text Available In his article, I first argue that open innovation can be applied in situations where companies do not themselves develop new products or services. As a consequence, open innovation becomes relevant for a much larger group of organizations than previously considered. Second, I argue that open-innovation scholars have insufficiently differentiated open-innovation initiatives in terms of their impact on companies’ growth: some open-innovation initiatives lead to incremental innovations in an existing business while, in other cases, open-innovation initiatives are used to establish completely new businesses. Both arguments illustrate the need to integrate open-innovation initiatives into the strategy of the firm.
我国团购网站分为平台式和自主式两种类型。从定位、业务系统、盈利模式、关键资源能力、现金流结构和企业价值六个方面来分析两种类型团购网站的商业模式。发现顾客与商家、顾客与团购网站、商家与商家之间存在着信息不对称与竞争公平机制等方面的问题，而基于业务系统、盈利模式和关键资源的团购网站商业模式能有效地解决上述存在的问题，从而实现对团购网站商业模式的创新。%Group-purchasing website in China is divided into two types of the platform and autonomy. From six aspects of positioning, business systems, profit model, the key resource capacity, cash flow and enterprise value, this paper analyzes the business models of the two types of group-purchasing website. It finds the problems of asymmetric information and fair competition mechanism between customers and businesses, customers and group-purchasing website, and businesses and businesses. Based on business systems, the profit model and key resources group-purchasing website business model can effectively solve the above problems, so as to achieve innovation of group-purchasing website business model.
Buur, Jacob; Gudiksen, Sune
Interaction design expands into new fields. Interaction design and business model innovation is a promising meeting of disciplines: Many businesses see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, and, as business models pose highly dynamic and interactive problems, interaction design has much...... to offer. This paper compares ‘tangible business models’ in the form of pinball-like contraptions, designed by interaction design students with those developed by groups of professionals around concrete business issues. We will show how the interactive models encourage business people to play with...... hypotheses and experiment with scenarios as a way of innovating their business models, and why this is so....
Buur, Jacob; Gudiksen, Sune Klok
Interaction design expands into new fields. Interaction design and business model innovation is a promising meeting of disciplines: Many businesses see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, and, as business models pose highly dynamic and interactive problems, interaction design has much...... to offer. This paper compares 'tangible business models' in the form of pinball-like contraptions, designed by interaction design students with those developed by groups of professionals around concrete business issues. We will show how the interactive models encourage business people to play with...... hypotheses and experiment with scenarios as a way of innovating their business models, and why this is so...
Dongman, Cai; Wenzhong, Zhu
Accommodating to the development of globalization, China witnesses a mounting demand for international business talents who are proficient in both foreign languages and business knowledge and adept at international cooperation and competition in business context. In order to meet this need, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, taking advantage…
Prasanna, Pataje G S; Narayanan, Deepa; Hallett, Kory; Bernhard, Eric J; Ahmed, Mansoor M; Evans, Gregory; Vikram, Bhadrasain; Weingarten, Michael; Coleman, C Norman
Although radiation therapy is an important cancer treatment modality, patients may experience adverse effects. The use of a radiation-effect modulator may help improve the outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients undergoing radiation therapy either by enhancing tumor cell killing or by protecting normal tissues. Historically, the successful translation of radiation-effect modulators to the clinic has been hindered due to the lack of focused collaboration between academia, pharmaceutical companies and the clinic, along with limited availability of support for such ventures. The U.S. Government has been developing medical countermeasures against accidental and intentional radiation exposures to mitigate the risk and/or severity of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) and the delayed effects of acute radiation exposures (DEARE), and there is now a drug development pipeline established. Some of these medical countermeasures could potentially be repurposed for improving the outcome of radiation therapy and HRQOL of cancer patients. With the objective of developing radiation-effect modulators to improve radiotherapy, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Development Center at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), supported by the Radiation Research Program (RRP), provided funding to companies from 2011 to 2014 through the SBIR contracts mechanism. Although radiation-effect modulators collectively refer to radioprotectors, radiomitigators and radiosensitizers, the focus of this article is on radioprotection and mitigation of radiation injury. This specific SBIR contract opportunity strengthened existing partnerships and facilitated new collaborations between academia and industry. In this commentary, we assess the impact of this funding opportunity, outline the review process, highlight the organ/site-specific disease needs in the clinic for the development of radiation-effect modulators, provide a general understanding of a framework for gathering
Leen Gorissen; Karl Vrancken; Saskia Manshoven
The current dynamics of change, including climate change, resource depletion, energy transition, internet of things, etc. will have substantial impacts on the functioning of contemporary business models. Most firms and companies, however, still largely focus on efficiency strategies leading to sub-optimal solutions (reducing bad impact), rather than radically changing their business model to develop new transaction models more appropriate for today’s world (doing better things). However, pers...
Design and analysis of a ceramic-filled bio-plastic composite sandwich structure is presented. This proposed high-dielectric structure is used as a substrate for patch antennas. A meandered-strip line-fed fractal-shape patch antenna is designed and fabricated on a copper-laminated sandwich-structured substrate. Measurement results of this antenna show 44% and 20% of bandwidths with maximum gains of 3.45 dBi and 5.87 dBi for the lower and upper bands, respectively. The half-power beam widths of 104° and 78° have been observed from the measured radiation pattern at the two resonance frequencies 0.9 GHz and 2.5 GHz
美国小企业是美国技术创新的重要主体，联邦政府采取了系列措施支持其开展技术创新，小企业创新研究计划（SBIR）和技术转移计划（STTR）即是由美国政府直接出资支持小企业从事技术创新的两个旗舰计划。SBIR和 STTR计划自实施以来已取得显著成效：有力地促进了美国的技术创新，显著提高了私营企业创新成果的商业化程度，较好地结合了小企业发展与国家研发需求，为小企业创新活动提供了广泛的支持。通过回顾 SBIR和 STTR计划的出台和演变，分析计划的主要管理特点，重点解析了计划的评估体系，并预测，SBIR和 STTR计划在未来美国支持小企业技术创新体系中还将发挥更大作用。%U.S. small businesses play an essential role in the U.S. technology innovation system. The federal government adopted a series of measures to support technology innovation in small businesses. This article studied the Small Business Innovation Research(SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer(STTR) launched by the U.S. federal government, by reviewing the origin and development of these two programs, analyzing their management mechanism, especially their evaluation system. SBIR and STTR have achieved good results, such as promoting the U.S. technology innovation, accelerating the commercialization of private enterprises’ innovation fruits, coordinating the small business progress and the national R&D demands, and supporting the extensive innovation of small businesses. It is suggested that these two programs will be a more important part of U.S. small businesses technology innovation system.
The Dexterous Hand Master (DHM), a 1989 winner of an R&D 100 Award, is an exoskeleton device for measuring the joints of the human hand with extreme precision. It was originally developed for NASA by Arthur D. Little, and is sold commercially by EXOS, Inc. The DHM is worn on the hand and connected to a computer that records hand motions. The resulting data is transmitted as control signals to robots and other computers, enabling robotic hands to emulate human hand actions. Two additional spinoff products were also inspired by the DHM.
Van der Duin, P.A.
Innovate, innovate, innovate, it has become the mantra of any modern company. But how much stands of these ambitions after the business case is completed. And what does it take to truly innovate as a company. Patrick van der Duin sheds light on the subject from a corporate as well as an academic perspective to make recommendations for understanding and implementing innovation
Fuentes, M. M.; Ruiz, M.; Bojica, A. M.
This paper focuses on the effects of business contacts on the development of key entrepreneurial capabilities such as innovativeness in women-owned firms. To test our hypotheses, we use two different datasets referred to Spain in 2006. The joint analysis of both datasets indicates that knowing an entrepreneur could constitute more a model to follow than a useful contact for obtaining resources to improve firm's innovation. Additionally, our results show that a firm's stage of development is fundamental for explaining the kind of contacts that are relevant for innovativeness, suggesting that, as firms develop, business contacts become increasingly relevant. (Author) 62 refs.
Cox, Geoff; Bazzichelli, Tatiana
Disruptive Business explores some of the interconnections between art, activism and the business concept of disruptive innovation. With a backdrop of the crisis of financial capitalism, austerity cuts in the cultural sphere, the idea is to focus on potential art strategies in relation to a broken...... economy. In a perverse way, we ask whether this presents new opportunities for cultural producers to achieve more autonomy over their production process. If it is indeed possible, or desirable, what alternative business models emerge? The book is concerned broadly with business as material for reinvention...
Slavik Stefan; Bednar Richard
The term business model has been used in practice for few years, but companies create, define and innovate their models subconsciously from the start of business. Our paper is aimed to clear the theory about business model, hence definition and all the components that form each business. In the second part, we create an analytical tool and analyze the real business models in Slovakia and define the characteristics of each part of business model, i.e., customers, distribution, value, resour...
University students' employment difficult problem exposes along with the rising number of college graduates. Schools should encourage agricultural business innovation among graduates,letting them achieve employment opportunities by their own efforts.During the process of entrepreneurship,schools should also provide helping platform for students to make them fully realize the meaning and importance of agricultural business.%大学生就业难问题随着高校毕业生数量的不断增加而凸显.学校应鼓励大学生进行涉农创业创新,让他们通过自身的努力获得新的就业发展机会.在创业过程中,学校也要为学生提供帮助平台,使他们能充分了解到涉农创业的意义及重要性.
Finch, David; Deephouse, David L.; O'Reilly, Norm; Massie, Tyler; Hillenbrand, Carola
The debate associated with the qualifications of business school faculty has raged since the 1959 release of the Gordon-Howell and Pierson reports, which encouraged business schools in the USA to enhance their legitimacy by increasing their faculties' doctoral qualifications and scholarly rigor. Today, the legitimacy of specific faculty…
Community knowledge innovation is an important way to the development of knowledge innovation.SNS provides a virtual network environment to promote the knowledge innovation.This article describes the characteristics of the SNS,analyses under the current technology environment,the changing patterns of group learning and the relationship between group learning interaction and enterprise knowledge innovation,proposed the concept structure of group behavior in business,build the group interactive learning mechanism based on SNS.%群体知识创新是目前知识创新发展的重要方式,SNS为促进知识创新提供了虚拟网络环境。本文介绍了SNS的特点,分析了当前技术环境下群体学习模式的变化以及群体交互学习与企业知识创新的关系,提出了企业群体行为的概念结构,构建了基于SNS的群体学习交互机制。
网络和信息技术的发展带动了电子商务的高速发展，通过互联网预订旅游未来将占旅游预订总量的半数以上。目前，我国在线预订旅游市场已具有一定规模，且呈现多种商业模式并存的状态。在以技术快速变迁为特征的动态竞争环境下，企业要想更好地实现顾客价值和企业价值，就必须进行商业模式创新。根据文献研究，本文提出6个影响旅游在线预订网站商业模式创新的因素，通过问卷调查法获得实证数据，并利用SPSS17.0进行数据分析，认为企业家精神、技术推动、产业融合、市场拉动和市场环境压迫，是影响旅游在线预订网站进行商业模式创新的主要动力。%The development of network and information technology has driven the rapid development of e -business , in future, booking travel through internet will be more than half of all the reservation of travel .In China, the travel online booking market has formed , and shows a variety of business models .Under the dynamic competition environment being characterized by technology changing , it must innovate business model if the enterprise wants to realize value of customer and itself better .Through the former articles , this paper proposes 6 elements which influence the motivation of business model innovation of travel online booking website , and uses questionnaire survey method to collect data and uses SPSS 17.0 to analyze the data, then the paper comes to conclusion that the entrepreneurial spirit , the force of skill, integra-tion of industry , market pulling and competition are the main elements which influence the business model innovation mo -tivation of travel online booking website .
M.J. Greeven (Mark); Z. Xiaodong (Zhao)
textabstractWhat kind of innovative competences are credibly developed by private entrepreneurs in China’s transition economy? On the basis of original empirical fieldwork in 45 software enterprises in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, we propose a working theory of innovative competence development in a
Zhu, J.; Sivakumar, K.; Roy, S; Hanvanich, S
The past few decades have witnessed a significant increase in the number of cross-border strategic alliances among firms. We focus on the role of alliance expertise (alliance experience and diversity of partners) and alliance governance (horizontal vs. vertical alliances and joint venture vs. other alliances) in global innovation generation. We also examine the effect of these variables on the financial performance of the focal firm. The conceptual model is tested using an empirical analysis ...
Rae, David; Price, Liz; Bosworth, Gary; Parkinson, Paul
Business Inspiration was a short, action-centred leadership and innovation development programme designed for owners and managers of smaller firms to address business survival and repositioning needs arising from the UK's economic downturn. The article examines the design and delivery of Business Inspiration and the impact of the programme on…
Nair, Sujith Krishnan Suchithra; Paulose, Hanna; Palacios Fernández, Miguel; Tafur Segura, José Javier
Core competencies form the basis of an organization’s skills and the basic element of a successful strategic execution. Identifying and strengthening the core competencies enhances flexibility thereby strategically positioning a firm for responding to competition in the dynamic marketplace and can be the difference in quality among firms that follow the same business model. A correct understanding of the concept of business models, employing the right core competencies, organizing them ef...
TIZIANA RUSSO SPENA; MARIA COLURCIO
The aim of our study is to analyse competitive dynamics in an emerging sector of the wider agri-food industry, namely the fresh-cut business (fruit and vegetable products that are minimally processed and ready to eat). Our work is based on case study research. We propose an interpretive model that we term the cognitive-relational framework. Our framework explains the development dynamics of the emergent fresh -cut business and outlines structural links among resources, relationships, and inno...
This case study of collaborative effort is one of several cases under taken from real business practices in an attempt to use real business situations and practices for classroom project in some courses at Bangkok University. The most important aim of using real cases would be to give students a chance to put theory into practice. To achieve the aims of using real cases, students would have to develop a model solving realistic problems given by an instructor.
Innocent Chirisa; Smart Dumba; Tamuka Mukura
This paper examines the role and place of innovative planning in a changing world with reference to Zimbabwe. Specifically the paper tries to answer the questions: What is innovative planning? What new challenges in the economy, the environment, the state? The paper puts into context the issue of planning with and for informality and tries to pose questions for appropriate policy and public solutions in terms of possible and existing challenges, opportunities and threats. It acknowledges that...
In this thesis I would like to clarify the major approached to business models, define business model innovation, identify types of business models and innovations that are applied in the companies under research, indicate strengths and weaknesses of the business models studied and determine their innovative value. The sources of data include secondary from literature review, reports, corporate web pages and primary data from the interviews with employees of the Polish companies under ...
Small Business Administration — The Regional Innovation Clusters serve a diverse group of sectors and geographies. Three of the initial pilot clusters, termed Advanced Defense Technology clusters,...
Full Text Available This article gives the notion of "entrepreneurial business" and is compared to "business inovations". It analyzes the advantages of these two notions. Modern methods are presented and analyzed to develop an innovative business through reengineering, incubators, business centers, clusters and others. It is also considered the experience of the Danube in practicing these organizational arrangements to develop business.
This article gives the notion of "entrepreneurial business" and is compared to "business inovations". It analyzes the advantages of these two notions. Modern methods are presented and analyzed to develop an innovative business through reengineering, incubators, business centers, clusters and others. It is also considered the experience of the Danube in practicing these organizational arrangements to develop business.
Maria Cristina Enache; Corina Sbughea
A Social Business embraces networks of people to create business value. A Social Business connects people to expertise. It enable individuals – whether customers, partners or employees – to form networks to generate new sources of innovation, foster creativity, and establish greater reach and exposure to new business opportunities. It establishes a foundational level of trust across these business networks and, thus, a willingness to openly share information. It empowers these networks with t...
The construction and path selection of business model directly affect competitiveness of cultur-al and creative industries.The most worthwhile change of China’s cultural and creative industries’ develop-ment road is the business model.The successful business model depends on the innovation management.In the market economy,the road of business model innovation in China’s development of cultural and creative in-dustries has a long way to go.This paper describes the concept of cultural and creative industries,the busi-ness model theory review,introducing case of “Chinese good voice”innovative business model,and makes the choice of Chinese cultural and creative industries business model innovation path.%商业模式的构建与路径选择，直接影响着文化创意产业的竞争力。中国文化创意产业的发展之道，最值得变革的就是商业模式，而成功的商业模式取决于创新管理。在市场经济当中，中国发展文化创意产业的商业模式创新之路任重而道远。本文从文化创意产业相关概念、商业模式相关理论综述出发，结合《中国好声音》栏目的商业创新模式案例，对中国文化创意产业商业模式创新的路径选择进行探讨。
Eric von Hippel; JEROEN P. J. DE JONG; Stephen Flowers
In a first survey of its type, we measure development and modification of consumer products by product users in a representative sample of 1,173 UK consumers age 18 and older. We estimate this previously unmeasured type of household sector innovation to be quite large: 6.1% of UK consumers--nearly 2.9 million individuals--have engaged in consumer product innovation during the prior three years. In aggregate, consumers' annual product development expenditures are more than 1.4 times larger tha...
Full Text Available This paper examines the role and place of innovative planning in a changing world with reference to Zimbabwe. Specifically the paper tries to answer the questions: What is innovative planning? What new challenges in the economy, the environment, the state? The paper puts into context the issue of planning with and for informality and tries to pose questions for appropriate policy and public solutions in terms of possible and existing challenges, opportunities and threats. It acknowledges that urbanisation is a reality which is concomitant with increasing informality which is quite difficulty to plan for and consequently manage.
Khan, Zeenath Reza
A year after the primary study that tested the impact of introducing blended learning and guided discovery to help teach computer application to business students, this paper looks into the continued success of using guided discovery and blended learning with learning management system in and out of classrooms to enhance student learning.…