WorldWideScience

Sample records for bioplastics business innovation

  1. Bioplastics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endres, Hans-Josef

    2017-04-04

    The number of newly developed bioplastics has increased sharply in recent years and innovative polymer materials are increasingly present on the plastics market. Bioplastics are not, however, a completely new kind of material, but rather a rediscovered class of materials within the familiar group of materials known as plastics. Therefore, existing knowledge from the plastics sector can and should be transferred to bioplastics in order to further increase their performance, material diversity and market penetration.

  2. Bioplastic. Bioplastic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, S.; Doi, Y. (Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Tokyo (Japan). Research Lab. of Resources Utilization)

    1991-09-10

    Bioplastic has been attracting attention, which can be completely degraded by microbes in the environment and incorporated in the carbon cycle in the natural world. Polyester which microbes produce is a typical example of bioplastic. P (3HB) can now be fabricated into flexible and lithe material by blending lipid as the plasticizer. Recently, copolymer polyesters including various kinds of monomer units can be synthesized by the ingenious method of combining microbes with carbon sources. P (3HB), P (3HB-co-9%4HB), P (3HB-co-50%3HV) films are buried in soil, and the states of degradation of the films are observed. They are submerged into a natural sea water tank to observe the degradation. The films are completely degraded in 2 months in the summer season. 22 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

  3. Business Model Innovation Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Rasmussen, Ole Horn

    2012-01-01

    Leading business model (BM) strategizing through “the field of innovation” has not yet been covered in business model and innovation leadership literature. This is a bit peculiar considering that there has been an increased focus on BM innovation (BMI) by academics and industry since 2011....... The importance of BM and BMI is regarded as key to future business development and to the growth of our society. BM is widely acknowledged in a range of organizations, societies and in global competitions as “the heart(s) of the business” and business model innovation is mentioned as “the tree of innovation......”. This emphasizes the importance of questioning. How is BM innovation leadership (BMIL) carried out in companies related to various BM(s) and BMI tasks and throughout their business model innovation process? And, how can innovation leadership be related to BMI? A framework model for BMIL based on case research...

  4. Crowdsourcing Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waldner, Florian; Poetz, Marion

    Successfully adapting existing business models or developing new ones significantly influences a firm?s ability to generate profits and develop competitive advantages. However, business model innovation is perceived as a complex, risky and uncertain process and its success strongly depends on whe...... models in the podcast industry, we provide first exploratory insights into the value of crowdsourcing for innovating a firm?s business model, and discuss which characteristics of crowd-contributors increase the quantity and quality of the outcome....

  5. Crowdsourcing business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waldner, Florian; Poetz, Marion Kristin; Bogers, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    a crowdsourcing initiative designed to develop ideas for new business models in the podcast industry, we provide first exploratory insights into the value of crowdsourcing for innovating a firm’s way of creating, delivering and capturing value, and discuss characteristics of crowd-contributors that influence...

  6. Business Model Innovation Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter

    2012-01-01

    a framework model called the BMIL strategy canvas. The research approach was action research carried out from 2008 - 2012. Intense study of 35 US and EU SME´s and 97 of their different BM´s form the empirical background. The findings represent learning and characteristic of BMIL with a strong reference......When SME´s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovation process can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership (BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size...... enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities, pitfalls and strategies to consider while “the business” has to be operated simultaneously. The paper provides a study of BMIL in practise in SME´s and show different ways of how they handle BMIL and BMIL strategies. The SME´s were examined through...

  7. Business Models for Open Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    of open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, governance of transactions. We further illustrate a continuum of open innovativeness, differentiating between four types of open business models. We contribute......Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies’ business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model...... to the open innovation literature by specifying the conditions under which business models are conducive to the success of open innovation strategies....

  8. Business Models for Open Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai J.

    2015-01-01

    Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies' business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model...... of open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, governance of transactions. We further illustrate a continuum of open innovativeness, differentiating between four types of open business models. We contribute...... to the open innovation literature by specifying the conditions under which business models are conducive to the success of open innovation strategies....

  9. Directed Innovation of Business Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stelian Brad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Business model innovation is an important issue to keep business competitive and increase company’s profits. Due to many market attractors, identification of appropriate paths of business model evolution is a painful and risky process. To improve decision’s effectiveness in this process, an architectural construct of analysis and conceptualization for business model innovation that combines directed evolution and blue ocean concepts is proposed in this paper under the name of directed innovation. It displays the key points where innovations would happen to direct adaptation of the business model towards sustainable competitiveness. Formulation of mature solutions is supported by inventive problem solving tools. The significance of the directed innovation approach is demonstrated in a case study dealing with business model innovation of a software company.

  10. Innovating through collaborative business models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerding, Allan Næs; Kringelum, Louise Tina Brøns

    -ered as a coherent system. The generalization is explicated in terms of different domi-nant market logics in which collaborative efforts can be positioned. Underlying this presentation, the paper argues that business model innovation involves uncertainty to the degree that innovation is based on cooperative efforts......, and that there exists a dialec-tical relationship between sources of selection and sources of survival, which tend to re-inforce one another. This constitutes a new aspect of business model innovation....

  11. Openness during business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska; Ulhøi, John Parm

    the recent developments in the Danish newspaper industry, especially how the Internet and related technology developments have disrupted the long-standing successful business model of the industry. Our findings suggest that a more nuanced understanding of the term ‘openness’ is needed since the opening...... of business models during technological dynamics may have far more diverse consequences than it has been reported in the literature so far and can even become a major threat to business viability.......Literature on business model innovation portraits an open business model as a modern and lucrative approach to conducting business, and even as a way to engage in open innovation activities. Using archival data and interviews with key employees of the two largest media groups from Denmark, we show...

  12. Business model dynamics and innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cavalcante, Sergio Andre; Kesting, Peter; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2011-01-01

    and routine research into the concept of business model. The main focus of the paper is on strategic and terminological issues. Findings – The paper offers a new, process-based conceptualization of business model, which recognizes and integrates the role of individual agency. Based on this, it distinguishes......Purpose – This paper aims to discuss the need to dynamize the existing conceptualization of business model, and proposes a new typology to distinguish different types of business model change. Design/methodology/approach – The paper integrates basic insights of innovation, business process...... and specifies four different types of business model change: business model creation, extension, revision, and termination. Each type of business model change is associated with specific challenges. Practical implications – The proposed typology can serve as a basis for developing a management tool to evaluate...

  13. Introduction: innovation and small business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractThis paper introduces the special issue of Small Business Economics on Innovation. What binds the papers together is either their focus on the effect of firm size on the causes and consequences of innovation or their focus on the role small firms play in reshaping the industrial landscap

  14. Exploration through Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knab, Sebastian; Rohrbeck, René

    2015-01-01

    utilities in the emerging virtual power plant market. Based on the behavioral theory of the firm, we study how the cognitive and physical elements of an incumbent’s strategy can be changed and how these changes affect its business model innovation activities in the exploration process. Our preliminary......With this research we aim to enhance our understanding about how incumbents can explore emerging opportunities through business model innovation. Using a multiple-case, longitudinal research design spanning 2008 to 2014 we investigate exploration activities of the four largest German energy...

  15. Innovating Business with Pinball Designs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Gudiksen, Sune Klok

    Many companies see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, in particular under the pervasive influence of Internet business. Design can play a prominent role here, as a way of expanding from a linear, rational conception of business model development. But rather than proposing ‘design t...... business models’ – for example in the form of pinball-like contraptions – encourage participants to play with hypotheses and experiment with scenarios as a way of innovating business models. In a sense this is ‘design thinking’ with hands and body.......Many companies see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, in particular under the pervasive influence of Internet business. Design can play a prominent role here, as a way of expanding from a linear, rational conception of business model development. But rather than proposing ‘design...... thinking’ as an abstract approach, this paper shows how design materials (as used routinely in the design profession), when introduced in a business context can engage a cross-disciplinary circle of stakeholders and challenge them to reconsider their business assumptions. We will show how ‘tangible...

  16. BUSINESS INCUBATORS AND SUSTAINABLE INNOVATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schebesch Klaus Bruno

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Innovative businesses are often the result of collective action of organisations involved in many-sided market structures, which can be found in and around business incubators or technology centres. Within such frame environments, many group interests beyond those of single producers and their immediate clients exist and interfere. Rather generically, important economic outcomes of innovations are sequences of cost reduction events at the level of economic sectors, where the nature of (sector-wise technology is influencing the pace of these events. At the conceptual level, we describe the social learning and social innovation process which leads to sustainable innovation by means of the influence exerted by firms on each other within constrained environments such as business incubators. These environments need not to be organized according to any sector logic. We propose that the influence exerted between firms is increasing in firm similarity, in the degree of product complementarity, and also to depend on (mutual trust relations. We note that, very much in symmetry with the role of sustainability in society as a whole, in the world of firms and markets, the incubation process may be viewed as a moderator, which attempts to overcome the disadvantages of highly paced, short-term oriented capitalist economies. In sections 2 and 3 a concept for representing the societal forces shaping sustainability and incubation for the innovating firm is described and ways of transforming the concept into concrete tools of assessment and valuation are pointed at.

  17. Antecedents and Consequences of Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waldner, Florian; Poetz, Marion; Grimpe, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    evidence seems to be confined to firm-level antecedents and pays little attention to the impact of industry structure. This study investigates how different stages of an industry’s life cycle and levels of industry competition affect firms’ business model innovation, and how such innovation translates...... performance. Our findings contribute to the ongoing dialog on the role of industry structure in business model innovation, and provide implications for the management of business model innovation.......What makes firms innovate their business models? Why do they engage in innovating how they create, deliver, and capture value? And how does such innovation translate into innovation performance? Despite the importance of business model innovation for achieving competitive advantage, existing...

  18. Towards a Multi Business Model Innovation Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Jørgensen, Rasmus

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the evolution of business model (BM) innovations related to a multi business model framework. The paper tries to answer the research questions: • What are the requirements for a multi business model innovation model (BMIM)? • How should a multi business model innovation model...... look like? Different generations of BMIMs are initially studied in the context of laying the baseline for how next generation multi BM Innovation model (BMIM) should look like. All generations of models are analyzed with the purpose of comparing the characteristics and challenges of previous...

  19. The Innovation Types Evaluation of Small Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wen-jie; TANG Bing-yong; Ronald K. Mitchell; XING Xi-rong

    2002-01-01

    The technology innovation and technology innovation capability plays an important role in management study of small business's growth and development. In this paper, the types of innovation in small business are discussed. Then, a hierarchy comprehensive fuzzy index system evaluating the types of small businesses is proposed. Because of the fuzziness of 15 factors used to analyze the small business, L-R fuzzy number is applied to describe the basic fuzzy state index. Furthermore, the corresponding fuzzy evaluation algorithm is designed. An application example indicated the effects of the methods.

  20. 78 FR 59410 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... period for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer...

  1. 78 FR 48537 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... Administration (SBA) is publishing the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology... Business Administration, 409 Third Street SW., Washington, DC 20416; or send an email to...

  2. Business Process Innovation using the Process Innovation Laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles

    process innovation (BPI) in future organizations. There is a significant body of knowledge on various aspect of process innovation, e.g. on conceptual modeling, business processes, supply chains and enterprise systems. Still an overall comprehensive and consistent theoretical framework with guidelines...... for practical applications has not been identified. The aim of this paper is to establish a conceptual framework for business process innovation in the supply chain based on advanced enterprise systems. The main approach to business process innovation in this context is to create a new methodology for exploring...... process models and patterns of applications. The paper thus presents a new concept for business process innovation called the process innovation laboratory a.k.a. the ?-Lab. The ?-Lab is a comprehensive framework for BPI using advanced enterprise systems. The ?-Lab is a collaborative workspace...

  3. Frugal Innovation and Green Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch

    2015-01-01

    The literature on ‘green business models’ is rapidly developing these years. This paper suggests that much existing work on green business models lacks a deeper theoretical understanding of eco-innovation and the green economy. The paper forwards an evolutionary economic perspective on green...... that the greening of the economy has reached such a stage of maturity where a generic ‘green business model’ is apparent. The paper points to eight characteristics of eco-innovation on the basis of which key changes to the business model are identified and schematised for the different stages of the green economic...... business models. This perspective departs in important ways from other approaches to green business models the implications of which are sought clarified and discussed in the paper. The paper argues for the need to link up green business model innovation to aggregate green economic change. The paper posits...

  4. Conceptualizing strategic business model innovation leadership for business survival and business model innovation excellence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Abdullah, Maizura Ailin

    2013-01-01

    Too many businesses are being marginalized by blind "business model innovations (BMIs)" and simple "BMIs". As documented in previous research (Markides 2008, Lindgren 2012), most businesses perform BMIs at a reactive level i.e. perceiving what the market, customers and network partners might want...... rather than what they actually demand. Few businesses have the ability to proactively lead BMIs and on a strategic level lead BMIs to something that fits the business’s long term perspective (Hamel 2011). Apple, Ryanair, Facebook, Zappo are some businesses that have shown BMI Leadership (BMIL......) in a proactive way - and more importantly, as some examples of first level BMIL. The overall aim of the BMIL is to prevent businesses from being marginalized by the BMI and thereby to optimize the business’s total BMI investment. The literature research and case research we studied gave us some important...

  5. 77 FR 46909 - Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program Policy Directives... Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR) Policy... Webinars will be conducted by SBA's Office of Investment and Innovation. For additional information,...

  6. Applying open source innovation approaches in developing business innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Lindgren, Peter

    2015-01-01

    More and more companies are pursuing continuous innovation through different types of open source innovation and across different partners. The growing interest in open innovation (OI) originates both from the academic community as well as amongst practitioners motivating further investigation...... of effective OI and its different applications. One of the OI applications receiving growing attention is the use of innovation contests in developing business model innovations. However little theoretical knowledge exists and limited empirical research has been performed on OI and how this is facilitated...... and managed effectively in developing business model innovation. The aim of this paper is therefore to close this research gap and to provide new knowledge within the research field of OI and OI applications. Thus, in the present study we explore the facilitation and management of open source innovation...

  7. Strategic collaboration on business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerding, Allan Næs; Kringelum, Louise Tina Brøns

    The present paper focuses on collaboration as a source of hybridization of the market in the case of business model innovation. The basic argument is that while hybridization economizes on transaction costs, it also gives rise to transaction costs. In effect, transaction costs appears as a dialec......The present paper focuses on collaboration as a source of hybridization of the market in the case of business model innovation. The basic argument is that while hybridization economizes on transaction costs, it also gives rise to transaction costs. In effect, transaction costs appears...... as a dialectical phenomenon. The argument is illustrated by a narrative of a case of radical business model innovation. The narrative shows how collaborators economize on transaction costs by developing a mutual understanding and shared interpretation of business model innovation, but at the same time gives rise...... to transaction costs elsewhere in the ecosystem to which the collaborators belong....

  8. UK businesses bag innovation awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Michael

    2015-09-01

    Five UK firms have received innovation awards from the Institute of Physics (IOP), which publishes Physics World. Hallmarq Veterinary Imaging, Metrasens, M Squared Lasers, Silixa and Tracerco have all won an IOP award for developing new innovative products.

  9. Business Model Innovation through Second Hand Retailing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvass, Kerli Kant

    2015-01-01

    The issue of business model innovation for sustainability is becoming increasingly relevant for fashion companies. This paper investigates how the resell of a fashion brand's own product can facilitate business model adaption towards sustainability. Based on a single revelatory case study...... the article highlights a premium fashion brand's endeavours in prolonging their products life through resell activities and the main issues, challenges and opportunities the brand can encounter in integrating this strategy into its existing business model....

  10. Business process Innovation – The LEGO Case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård

    2006-01-01

    process innovation (BPI) in future organizations. This paper explores the applicability of one particular methodology for Business Process Innovation to deal with the challenge that the LEGO organization is facing with the alignment of their product development process and their supply chain. The paper...

  11. 77 FR 46805 - Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program Policy Directives... Research Program Policy Directive AGENCY: Small Business Administration. ACTION: Final policy directive... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Policy Directive. The purpose of these amendments is to implement...

  12. The Conceptual Framework for Business Process Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles

    and connected world (IBM 2006). Most industrial supply chains today are globally scattered and nearly all organizations rely on their Enterprise Information Systems (ES) for integration and coordination of their activities. In this context innovation inevitably is driven by advanced information technology....... Organizations today are required not only to operate effective business processes but they also need to accommodate to changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Consequently the ability to develop and implement new processes driven by the Enterprise Information Systems is a central competence in most...... industries, and furthermore it is a critical practice for a global enterprise. The next practice in Global Supply Chain Management is Business Process Innovation. Business Process Innovation is the transformation of a global supply chain driven by a new advanced Enterprise Information Systems technology...

  13. Openness in innovation and business models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2013-01-01

    The literature on open innovation portrays open business models as a contemporary and extremely useful tool, which can be used by companies to create and capture value in collaboration with external partners. This paper takes the discussion a step further by examining the effect of opening business...... models in the newspaper industry. Based on interviews with key informants from the two largest media groups in Denmark, together with archival data from 2002 to 2011, we show how the internet and related technology developments have disrupted the long-standing successful business model of the industry....... Our findings suggest that a more nuanced view and balanced understanding of the term ‘openness’ as regards business models is needed, since open business models may have other manifestations and implications for business model viability than have been reported in the literature so far....

  14. Exploring IT roles in business process innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gong, Jie; Møller, Charles

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the relationships between IT and Business process innovation (BPI) through examining IT roles in the processes of BPI. BPI is an innovative activity in business which has been paying more attention in recent years. However it is often confused with other process......-orientation concepts, such as Business process management (BPM) and Business process reengineering (BPR). The paper aims to find out two research questions: 1) How do we understand the meanings of BPI in the current background of economic globalization? 2) What IT roles are in the process of BPI? Based on finding...... the answer to these two questions, the definition of BPI in academia and the relationships with other popular process-orientation activities in practice are reviewed, then a framework of comprehensive understanding of BPI is put forward, and thereafter the interactions between IT and BPI are explored...

  15. Skilled Toy Train Discussions about Business Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Beuthel, Marie Rosa

    2013-01-01

    innovation session, we investigate how participants get to new concepts through analysing their skilled behaviours, movements, actions and negotiations. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We show why the toy train works: While......In this paper we show how industrialists in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to innovate their business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of co-creating new understandings is crucial for work to progress. Based on video data form this participatory...... encouraging group discussion of the ‘customer journey’, it keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion....

  16. Business model innovation in SME context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Svend Ole; Brink, Tove

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to reveal how small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) can enable sustainable business model innovation (BMI) in the offshore wind turbine industry. A longitudinal empirical research on 10 SMEs within the wind turbine industry provides data for the findings...... for sustainable value is present, however also considerable risk to fail....

  17. Towards an understanding of business model innovation processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start to think more radically, when considering to innovate their business model. However, the development and innovation of business ...... by proposing a generic process to business model innovation, supported by risk management processes....

  18. 75 FR 15756 - Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... ADMINISTRATION RIN 3244-AF61 Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive AGENCY: U.S. Small... announces a final amendment to the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program Policy Directive (PD... the Policy Directive; Small Business Innovation Research Program To: The Directors, Small...

  19. New business models for antibiotic innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Anthony D; Shah, Tejen A

    2014-05-01

    The increase in antibiotic resistance and the dearth of novel antibiotics have become a growing concern among policy-makers. A combination of financial, scientific, and regulatory challenges poses barriers to antibiotic innovation. However, each of these three challenges provides an opportunity to develop pathways for new business models to bring novel antibiotics to market. Pull-incentives that pay for the outputs of research and development (R&D) and push-incentives that pay for the inputs of R&D can be used to increase innovation for antibiotics. Financial incentives might be structured to promote delinkage of a company's return on investment from revenues of antibiotics. This delinkage strategy might not only increase innovation, but also reinforce rational use of antibiotics. Regulatory approval, however, should not and need not compromise safety and efficacy standards to bring antibiotics with novel mechanisms of action to market. Instead regulatory agencies could encourage development of companion diagnostics, test antibiotic combinations in parallel, and pool and make transparent clinical trial data to lower R&D costs. A tax on non-human use of antibiotics might also create a disincentive for non-therapeutic use of these drugs. Finally, the new business model for antibiotic innovation should apply the 3Rs strategy for encouraging collaborative approaches to R&D in innovating novel antibiotics: sharing resources, risks, and rewards.

  20. The Physical Internet and Business Model Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane Poulin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Building on the analogy of data packets within the Digital Internet, the Physical Internet is a concept that dramatically transforms how physical objects are designed, manufactured, and distributed. This approach is open, efficient, and sustainable beyond traditional proprietary logistical solutions, which are often plagued by inefficiencies. The Physical Internet redefines supply chain configurations, business models, and value-creation patterns. Firms are bound to be less dependent on operational scale and scope trade-offs because they will be in a position to offer novel hybrid products and services that would otherwise destroy value. Finally, logistical chains become flexible and reconfigurable in real time, thus becoming better in tune with firm strategic choices. This article focuses on the potential impact of the Physical Internet on business model innovation, both from the perspectives of Physical-Internet enabled and enabling business models.

  1. Organizational Aspects of Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sund, Kristian J.; Villarroel, Juan Andrei; Bogers, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    shed new light on the existence of four key organizational issues: (1) organizational conflicts for scarce resources, (2) cognitive limitations in terms of a persistent dominant logic, (3) design of organizational structure, and (4) the sourcing and development of new capabilities.......Organizations are often challenged to find new ways of creating and capturing value to compete with new entrants and disruptive technologies. Several studies have addressed some of the organizational barriers that incumbents face when developing new business models, but our understanding...... of the organizational (re)design aspects inherent to business model innovation is still very incomplete. In this study, we investigate the organizational (re)design challenges for incumbent organizations in mature industries when they need to reinvent their business model in reaction to disruptive changes...

  2. Continuous business model innovation in the Danish newspaper industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska

    Business model innovation is undoubtedly of strategic importance in innovation management. However, little is known on how in fact how companies experiment and innovate with regards to their business models. To shed more light on this issue, we have conducted a qualitative study of the newspaper...... industry in Denmark. Business model innovation became imperative for the traditional newspaper publishers after many years of the declining readership and revenues. We collected rich primary and secondary data from various sources during 2010-2012. Our analysis suggests that changing business models in its...... various parts does not guarantee a successful business model change and may even harm the existing well-functioning business model. To innovate a business model successfully, managers need to secure the business logic flow and its feedback loops....

  3. Key Knowledge Providers as Sources of Business Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Esquinas, Manuel; Merchan-Hernandez, Carmen; Ramos-Vielba, Irene; Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina

    2010-01-01

    Studies of innovation are giving increasing attention to the relationships that businesses maintain with different participants in the innovation process. It is generally assumed that interaction with other businesses, universities and government organizations can generate knowledge that will improve the ability to innovate. However, there is…

  4. INNOVATION CLUSTERS: SOCIAL LEARNING AND BUSINESS INCUBATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Deac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A sustainable innovation is more expensive than a regular one but it may lead to long termbenefits and durable competitive advantage, especially if many firms from the networkcollude or act within constrained environments such as business incubators. The opinionformation process, which leads to sustainable innovation, may be viewed as a collectivecognitive process resembling that of branding and re-branding. Technological innovationscan be viewed as sequences of cost reduction events and, in a many-firm setting, sociallearning which leads to sustainability-oriented behaviour depends on (mutual trustrelations. The experimental modelling part of the paper illustrates selected aspects of theconcept just outlined by developing a stylized dynamic model of the firm.

  5. Disruptive Innovation in Chinese and Indian Businesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    markets, has made these emerging economies fertile ground for developing and applying disruptive innovations. A novel mix of key attributes distinctive from those of established technologies or business models, disruptive innovations are typically inferior, yet affordable and "good-enough" products......With the rapid development of China and India as new economic powers in global competition, an obvious question is whether these emerging economies are great opportunities or threats. Whilst answers are bound to differ depending on one's perspective, it is increasingly clear that more local firms......, especially local entrepreneurs, from these emerging economies will play a more critical role in global competition by becoming challengers to global incumbents. Indeed, the fact that the majority of their populations are at the bottom of the pyramid, and thus cannot afford products designed for the developed...

  6. 78 FR 11745 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... / Wednesday, February 20, 2013 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN 3245-AG46 Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program; Correction AGENCY: U.S. Small Business...

  7. Theory Building- Towards an understanding of business model innovation processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    researchers' and practitioners' perspectives as to how the process of business model innovation can be realized. By using various researchers' perspectives and assumptions, we identify relevant inconsistencies, which consequently lead us to propose possible supplementary solutions. We conclude our paper...... by proposing a generic process to business model innovation, supported by risk management processes. .......Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start to think more radically, when considering to innovate their business model. However, the development and innovation of business...

  8. Results of measurement procedure of innovation maturity of business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Kozlova

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article the basic approaches of innovation maturity of business has been applied. The realization procedure of innovation maturity as an example of organizations of Perm’s region has been call attention. The preliminary potential assessments of perception of plans innovations will give optimize selection innovative strategy for organization and increase the effectiveness of business for microeconomics and region’s level.

  9. Managing business model innovation risks - lessons for theory and practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Chester Goduscheit, René; Boer, Harry

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the challenges related to, and the risk management needed in, the process of business model innovation. Business model innovation may involve hefty investments, high levels of uncertainty, complexity and, inevitably, risk. Although many firms follow a first mover strategic...... industrial firms, we discuss the reasons that led to these failures, and outline various possible solutions for practitioners to manage business model innovation adequately....... approach, arguing from a “no risk no reward” aphorism, a sloppy implementation approach towards business model innovation may result in catastrophic, sometimes even fatal, consequences to a firm’s core business. Based on four unsuccessful business model innovation experiences, which took place in three...

  10. Implementation readiness for user-driven innovation in business networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Astrid Heidemann; Jacobsen, Alexia

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we further develop the concept of implementation readiness of user driven innovation in business networks by focusing on how implementation readiness activities are in fact needed not only at the early stages of such network collaboration, but continuously throughout the process...... of developing user-driven innovation in business networks....

  11. Study of Impacts of Small Business Innovation Research Programs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Yong-hui

    2008-01-01

    The development and commercialization of new technologies are important to the global economy. In this paper, the author first addresses Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) background; then, implicitly defines SBIR; finally, I also analyze the intpacts of small business innovation research programs. There are four aspects: entrepreneurial orientation; environmental factors; organizational factors and performance.

  12. INNOVATION LEADERSHIP AS A KEY SKILL IN BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Teodora Lazarova

    2014-01-01

    Innovation leadership is a key concept in modern business world. It consists of different leadership styles which are useful to influence people to be more creative, productive and to work better in teams. Innovation leadership can be properly used to support organization vision and mission. The leaders need innovation leadership for themselves as they are managing in unpredictable and uncertain circumstances. The current paper underlies the importance of innovation leadership and innovative ...

  13. Business Model Innovation: A Blueprint for Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanagan, Christine

    2012-01-01

    Business model innovation is one of the most challenging components of 21st-century leadership. Making incremental improvements to a business model--creating new efficiencies, expanding into adjacent markets--is hard enough. Developing and experimenting with new business models that truly transform how an institution delivers value (while…

  14. Sustainable innovation, business models and economic performance: an overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montalvo Corral, C.

    2013-01-01

    Sustainable development requires radical and systemic innovations. Such innovations can be more effectively created and studied when building on the concept of business models. This concept provides firms with a holistic framework to envision and implement sustainable innovations. For researchers, t

  15. A Boolean Approach to Airline Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvass, Kristian Anders

    analyzes the business models of North America low-cost carriers from 2001 to 2010 using a Boolean minimization algorithm to identify which combinations of business model activities lead to operational profitability. The research aim is threefold: complement airline literature in the realm of business model...... innovation, introduce Boolean minimization methods to the field, and propose alternative business model activities to North American carriers striving for positive operating results....

  16. Disruptive innovation in health care delivery: a framework for business-model innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Jason; Christensen, Clayton M

    2008-01-01

    Disruptive innovation has brought affordability and convenience to customers in a variety of industries. However, health care remains expensive and inaccessible to many because of the lack of business-model innovation. This paper explains the theory of disruptive innovation and describes how disruptive technologies must be matched with innovative business models. The authors present a framework for categorizing and developing business models in health care, followed by a discussion of some of the reasons why disruptive innovation in health care delivery has been slow.

  17. Nano-cellulose derived bioplastic biomaterial data for vehicle bio-bumper from banana peel waste biomass

    OpenAIRE

    Sharif Hossain, A.B.M.; Ibrahim, Nasir A.; Mohammed Saad AlEissa

    2016-01-01

    The innovative study was carried out to produce nano-cellulose based bioplastic biomaterials for vehicle use coming after bioprocess technology. The data show that nano-cellulose particle size was 20 nm and negligible water absorption was 0.03% in the bioplastic. Moreover, burning test, size and shape characterizations, spray coating dye, energy test and firmness of bioplastic have been explored and compared with the standardization of synthetic vehicle plastic bumper following the American S...

  18. THE IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATION IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Georgiana CEBUC; Valeriu POTECEA

    2010-01-01

    To face competition, companies must have innovations. No longer an issue whether we should have or not innovations, but a condition that must be created to establish an effective innovation management. Great companies put under pressure of international competition have instruments for the management of innovation. Coordination specialists and organizational impediments are the main problems facing companies. Innovation is generally considered as the main engine of economic growth in the glob...

  19. Eco-innovate: a guide to eco-innovation for SMEs and business coaches

    OpenAIRE

    Charter, Martin; Miedzinski, Michal; Doranova, Asel; Castel, Johanna; Roman, Laura

    2013-01-01

    This guide is a practical and comprehensive introduction to eco-innovation addressed primarily to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The booklet overviews emerging business opportunities eco-innovation has to offer to companies that reconsider business models, develop new products, technologies or services, or improve production processes.

  20. Drivers of Sales Innovation in Business-To-Business Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Thomas; Geersbro, Jens

    2014-01-01

    This paper defines the term sales innovation, offers an operationalization of the concept, and discusses antecedents of sales innovation in terms of important internal and external drivers. An empirical analysis of 409 B2B firms identifies the internal drivers of sales innovation as increased top...... pressure leads to less innovation in sales. Finally the paper suggests managerial implications as well as avenues of further research in this area....... management focus and increased resource allocation as well as increasing customer and competitor dynamics as external drivers. Despite the suggested positive impact of the degree of competitive pressure on sales innovation, the empirical results suggest a significant negative impact, i.e. competitive...

  1. Managing risks in business model innovation processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2010-01-01

    ) innovation is a risky enterprise, many companies are still choosing not to apply any risk management in the BM innovation process. The objective of this paper is to develop a better understanding of how risks are handled in the practice of BM innovation. An analysis of the BM innovation experiences of two...... industrial companies shows that both companies are experiencing high levels of uncertainty and complexity during their innovation processes and are, consequently, struggling to find new processes for handling the risks involved. Based on the two companies’ experiences, various testable propositions are put...... forward, which link success and failure to the way companies appreciate and handle the risks involved in BM innovation....

  2. Facilitating Data Driven Business Model Innovation - A Case study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Torben Cæsar Bisgaard; Andersen, Troels Christian; Aagaard, Annabeth

    2016-01-01

    , that gathers knowledge is of great importance. The SMEs have little, if no experience, within data handling, data analytics, and working with structured Business Model Innovation (BMI), that relates to both new and conventional products, processes and services. This new frontier of data and BMI will have......This paper aims to understand the barriers that businesses meet in understanding their current business models (BM) and in their attempt at innovating new data driven business models (DDBM) using data. The interdisciplinary challenge of knowledge exchange occurring outside and/or inside businesses...... ability to adapt these new DDBM depends on the ability to pick up, share and develop knowledge between customers, partners and the network. This knowledge can be embedded into core BMs and constitutes a strategic opportunity enabling businesses to extract value from data into BMI, resulting in DDBMs...

  3. Collaborative business modeling for systemic and sustainability innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Konnertz, L.; Knab, S.

    2013-01-01

    firms have collaborated to envision and create new business models in the energy industry. After describing this collaborative business modelling (CBM) approach, we discuss its strengths and limitations and compare it to two alternative methods of strategy and innovation planning: scenario technique...

  4. NETWORK BASED BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION TARGETING THE BOP MARKET

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Jacob; Kroghstrup Nielsen, Martin; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Through innovation of products, process and business models targeting the needs of 4 billion poor people living at "the base of pyramid" (BoP) (Prahalad & Hart 2002) in developing countries the private sector can actively support poverty alleviation and at the same time reach new untouched market...... countries seems to show up in the literature: The technological line - exemplified by the - exemplified by the Life Straw business model - a high tech "straw" consisting of 12 chemical filters to purify water - an example of technology driven innovation to meet the BoP demands for clean water (Kandachar...... on access2innovation (www.access2innovation.com) this paper discuss a upcoming new strategy within the BoP paradigm that lies within a bottom-up driven public-privatecivil- society BoP approach - as network based BoP innovation potentially could open new - as network based BoP innovation potentially could...

  5. Organizational Learning, Strategic Flexibility and Business Model Innovation: An Empirical Research Based on Logistics Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Yaodong; Cheng, Lin; Zhang, Jian

    Using the data of 237 Jiangsu logistics firms, this paper empirically studies the relationship among organizational learning capability, business model innovation, strategic flexibility. The results show as follows; organizational learning capability has positive impacts on business model innovation performance; strategic flexibility plays mediating roles on the relationship between organizational learning capability and business model innovation; interaction among strategic flexibility, explorative learning and exploitative learning play significant roles in radical business model innovation and incremental business model innovation.

  6. Environmental Innovation and Sustainability in Small Handicraft Businesses in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcelia Toledo-López

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability is analyzed in 168 handicraft businesses in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Puebla, and Tlaxcala. The results show a direct, positive relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability in three dimensions: economic, social, and environmental. In terms of determination, the variables that best explain sustainability are: organization type, product innovation, and process innovation. The age of the handicraft businesses was not a significant factor in explaining sustainability. This study concludes that handicraft businesses make sustainable choices more as a result of a desire for profit maximization than as a result of environmental consciousness, as can be explained by neoclassical view of economics.

  7. Navigating Disruptive Innovation in Undergraduate Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behara, Ravi S.; Davis, Mark M.

    2015-01-01

    The undergraduate business education landscape is dramatically changing and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. Many of the changes are being driven by increasing costs, advances in technology, rapid globalization, and an increasingly diverse workforce and customer base, and are occurring simultaneously in both the business world…

  8. Making the business case for innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Penny; Banks, Darla; Neely, Brunella

    2014-11-27

    In the current financial climate it is important for nurse leaders to be able to develop and present a business case for initiatives. This article describes how one US healthcare facility made a successful business case for implementation of clinical nurse leaders throughout the organisation.

  9. Applying business intelligence innovations to emergency management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlegelmilch, Jeffrey; Albanese, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    The use of business intelligence (BI) is common among corporations in the private sector to improve business decision making and create insights for competitive advantage. Increasingly, emergency management agencies are using tools and processes similar to BI systems. With a more thorough understanding of the principles of BI and its supporting technologies, and a careful comparison to the business model of emergency management, this paper seeks to provide insights into how lessons from the private sector can contribute to the development of effective and efficient emergency management BI utilisation.

  10. Future market bioplastics; Zukunftsmarkt Biokunststoffe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beucker, Severin [Borderstep Institut fuer Innovation und Nachhaltigkeit, Berlin (Germany); Marscheider-Weidemann, Frank [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2007-12-15

    Bioplastics based on renewable resources like e.g. starch, celluloses or lactic acid are considered one way to reduce environmental impacts, oil consumption and increase the use of agricultural feedstocks. Some of the newly developed materials based on biotechnology even have properties that make them superior to regular plastics; they can, e.g. be breathable, printable and antistatic. Bioplastics can be used for different applications ranging from foils, injection moulding, extrusion or functional polymers. They can have a short or a long lifespan depending on the material or the compound used to produce them. Many bioplastics are partially or completely biodegradable. After their use they can be degraded mostly into water and carbon dioxide by fungi, bacteria or enzymes. This makes bioplastics also a candidate for reducing carbon dioxide emissions although energy is needed to produce and harvest the raw materials as well as for the manufacturing processes involved. The possible environmental effects and impacts of bioplastics have not yet been completely assessed and understood. Bioplastics could combine the potential to increase resource efficiency and reduce environmental effects, but further research is necessary before conclusions and recommendations can be made for this new class of materials. The share of bioplastics in the world's plastics market is relatively small at the moment. Approx. 350,000 tonnes of bioplastics were produced in 2006. This is equivalent to approx. 0.2 % of the plastics produced worldwide. Experts believe the market for bioplastics will grow at a rate of 25 - 30 % in the near future and reach the one million tonne mark by the year 2010 and could even raise to 3 million tonnes per year by 2020. In the short and medium term, the development of the market for bioplastics strongly depends on following factors: - Development of crude oil price: The market potential for bioplastics is heavily dependent on the crude oil price. Under the

  11. Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Automotive Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    invention have appropriate benefits. The timing of the dialog with a potential user or business partner is important when it comes to which issues that have highest priorities or are most frequently discussed in the organization of said user or business partner. If there exist a special issue that your idea......The global automotive business is one of the most competitive environment you can imagine. As an independent inventor or as a small development company it is very challenging to be successful in implementing new ideas and components. In this mature and somewhat conservative technical environment...... address you will have a much better access the decision making process and get enough interest for a potential business deal. After 20 years as a supplier of engineering services to the automotive industry and 10 years as head of Global R&D at Scania CV AB, I have experienced pros and cons both from...

  12. Understanding Eco-innovation and Green Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch

    2014-01-01

    patterns(cities/communities, physical planning, symbiosis)7. Business model eco-innovation (green value creation by novel financing or ownership modes)(See also Andersen 2006, 2008 for earlier versions).The taxonomy may be used to understand the conditions for creating green value for different types...... and definitions of ecoinnovationare lacking leading to much confusion and methodologically weak empirical analyses. This paperseeks to remedy this by offering a definition and taxonomy of eco-innovations and discussing theimplications for green business model thinking, bringing in examples of Danish successful...... and less successful green business models.The taxonomy entails seven main types of eco-innovations which are defined by the role these innovationsplay on the market, i.e. they represent different ways to attract green value. The categorization hencediffers markedly from existing taxonomies of environmental...

  13. Bedrijven willen best aan bioplastics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bolck, C.H.

    2010-01-01

    Bioplastic kan een volwaardig alternatief voor conventioneel plastic zijn. Dan moet nog wel het gat tussen fundamenteel onderzoek en het gebruiksproduct gedicht worden. De vraag naar toegepast onderzoek en ontwikkelwerk is groot.

  14. Business model innovation in the water sector in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebauer, Heiko; Saul, Caroline Jennings

    2014-08-01

    Various technologies have been deployed in household devices or micro-water treatment plants for mitigating fluoride and arsenic, and thereby provide safe and affordable drinking water in low-income countries. While the technologies have improved considerably, organizations still face challenges in making them financially sustainable. Financial sustainability questions the business models behind these water technologies. This article makes three contributions to business models in the context of fluoride and arsenic mitigation. Firstly, we describe four business models: A) low-value devices given away to people living in extreme poverty, B) high-value devices sold to low-income customers, C) communities as beneficiaries of micro-water treatment plants and D) entrepreneurs as franchisees for selling water services and highlight the emergence of hybrid business models. Secondly, we show current business model innovations such as cost transparency & cost reductions, secured & extended water payments, business diversification and distribution channels. Thirdly, we describe skills and competencies as part of capacity building for creating even more business model innovations. Together, these three contributions will create more awareness of the role of business models in scaling-up water treatment technologies.

  15. Mechanisms of innovative self-development of regional business school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoliy Viktorovich Molodchik

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Within the modern version of «Management 2.0» the approaches to the development of nonlinear starting mechanisms and maintenance of innovative self-development of organization on the example of regional business school are considered. It is noted that there are some possible models of behavior of regional business school among which the model focused on the activation of internal sources of development of the organization and its readiness to act as an infrastructure element of initiation of the self-development processes on the basis of openness, subjectivity and partnership. The business landscape of points of revitalization, results of initiation of activity and partnership form with the central concerned parties is offered. The effective partnership with science, authority, professional associations and business allows to create essentially new decisions for customer satisfaction. So, partner interaction with the client organizations is presented by new technology of joint creation of values in the form of project-focused training of innovative leaders and criteria of an assessment of its strategic productivity. The strategy of cultivating of mechanisms accepted by business school — attractors of innovative self-development is aimed at the formation of organization developing business — models of the new type typical for «2C-systems» (self-development and self-organizing systems.

  16. Bioplastics: Development, Possibilities and Difficulties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aistė Karpušenkaitė

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available New possible ways of plastics manufacture and waste treatment are being searched when trying to tackle the problems related to the growth of waste quantities and decline in non-renewable resources. Presently, the most promising and effective way to solve the mentioned problems is production of bioplastics, but its way to recognition is very slow. One of the barriers is the absence of clear and united opinion throughout the EU Arising new discussions about biodegradable and biobased plastics will allow responsible authorities to update and adapt the legal law, which now almost does not include any reglement on bioplastics production and usage. The other issues of bioplastics are social aspects as this material can be made of primal food sources like crops, and the ecological ones because of their unknown effects on human health and the environment. Nevertheless, the main problem remains the same - the price of petro-plastics is still lower than that of bioplastics. Despite this, the biggest companies of the world are starting an initiative to manufacture this new kind of plastics and to widen the range of bioplastics usage in packaging. Considering today’s situation and tendencies, at the end of this paper the recommendations for the improvement and speeding up of the processes related to bioplastics manufacture, usage and its waste management in Europe and Lithuania are presented. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.68.2.6777

  17. Innovative Research Strategies for Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Bridget N.

    2007-01-01

    An internal, ongoing debate that all professional areas of study have is how to understand the impact of shifting economies, demographics, technologies, and globalization. Much business education research focuses on describing current practices. To this end, issues are often addressed by using surveys that are analyzed using descriptive analysis…

  18. Skill Variety, Innovation and New Business Formation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.J.A. Hessels (Jolanda); U. Brixy (Udo); W.A. Naudé (Wim); T. Gries (Thomas)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ We extend Lazear’s theory of skills variety and entrepreneurship in three directions. First, we provide a theoretical framework linking new business creation with an entrepreneur’s skill variety. Second, in this model we allow for both generalists and specialists to pos

  19. Strategy renewal through business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2011-01-01

    by leading newspapers. More specifically, we review how changes introduced during the on-going development of digital platforms have affected the dominant business model and its key components at the leading newspaper industry players in Denmark, and whether those changes have improved their situation...

  20. Enterprise SOA Designing IT for Business Innovation

    CERN Document Server

    Woods, Dan

    2008-01-01

    Based on extensive research with experts from the German software company SAP, this definitive book is ideal for architects, developers, and other IT professionals who want to understand the technology and business relevance of enterprise SOA in a detailed way--especially those who want to move on the technology now, rather than in the next year or two.

  1. Value co-creation and business model innovation in the context of business-to-business services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nardelli, Giulia

    the network of actors to achieve value co-creation. Based on a qualitative investigation, two propositions, which summarize the main findings, are developed. In the first proposition it is outlined how processes of business model innovation within support services require a certain degree of openness......The service industries are characterized by the involvement of stakeholders in the innovation process. The aim of this study is to understand how, in the context of business-to-business services, the interplay between operational and strategic activities of an organization can be managed across...... to manage interactions between internal and external stakeholders of the organization they serve. The second proposition, on the other hand, depicts how business model innovators manage the interplay between strategic and operational activities by allocating responsibilities among internal and external...

  2. Creating Institutional Space for Business Model Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheets, Robert; Crawford, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    From college campuses to the halls of Congress, there is broad agreement that higher education is experiencing a major wave of innovation. This article holds that the changes are significant, but that the resulting threats to existing institutions are manageable if key leaders understand them and if institutions adapt to the new environment. The…

  3. Introduction: Small Business and Networked Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Colombo, Massimo G.; Laursen, Keld; Magnusson, Mats

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to provide an introduction to the special issue. We briefly consider the organizational and managerial challenges that small and medium-sized enterprises encounter in networked innovation, thereby building a background to the articles included in the special issue. We...

  4. Open Innovation at NASA: A New Business Model for Advancing Human Health and Performance Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jeffrey R.; Richard, Elizabeth E.; Keeton, Kathryn E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a new business model for advancing NASA human health and performance innovations and demonstrates how open innovation shaped its development. A 45 percent research and technology development budget reduction drove formulation of a strategic plan grounded in collaboration. We describe the strategy execution, including adoption and results of open innovation initiatives, the challenges of cultural change, and the development of virtual centers and a knowledge management tool to educate and engage the workforce and promote cultural change.

  5. Corporate leadership, business innovation and growth

    OpenAIRE

    Coulson-Thomas, Colin

    2016-01-01

    Many of the most pressing challenges that face certain companies and mankind are unlikely to be addressed by incremental improvements to existing activities and excellence in the performance of them. In competitive and dynamic situations and where windows of opportunity may be limited, quick and front-line responses may be required. An existing business model should not be taken for granted. Leaders need to ensure that people focus on what is important and, particularly what is important for...

  6. The opportunities and challenges of persuasive technology in creating sustainable innovation and business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Lindgren, Peter

    2015-01-01

    strength of NGO’s and the increasing sustainable agenda of global businesses. However, getting knowledge of the stakeholders and their behavior as well as the potentials in actively supporting more sustainable behaviors provides totally new and unique opportunities for radical and customer......The opportunities of persuasive technology in facilitating sustainable innovation and business model innovation have been witnessed continuously during the last decade. The unique ability of persuasive technology in interacting and mediating across users, customers, decisions makers and other...... stakeholders provides access to core knowledge about behavior and opportunities to influence and even change their behavior in a positive and more sustainable manner. Sustainable innovation and business model innovation is gaining more and more competitive leverage due to customer requirements, the growing...

  7. Business-driven innovations towards more sustainable chemical products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, R.; Jongen, M.; Zwetsloot, G.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the study presented here was to gain an understanding of business-driven innovations towards more sustainable chemical products and processes. A case study was undertaken to assess and analyse the experiences of five different companies. These companies varied in size from small to a mult

  8. Small business innovation research. Abstracts of 1988 phase 1 awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Non-proprietary proposal abstracts of Phase 1 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects supported by NASA are presented. Projects in the fields of aeronautical propulsion, aerodynamics, acoustics, aircraft systems, materials and structures, teleoperators and robots, computer sciences, information systems, data processing, spacecraft propulsion, bioastronautics, satellite communication, and space processing are covered.

  9. Control of innovation activity in a competitive metallurgical business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanov, S. V.

    2010-12-01

    Certain competitive advantages of a manufacturer on a goods market can be provided if one creates conditions for bifurcation development of an innovation process in metallurgical business under conditions of market uncertainty of a demand for goods of a specified consumer quality and determines the technical-and-economic versions of stable operation of a production system for performing orders of metal product consumers.

  10. Knowledge-intensive Business Services in National Innovation Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Jiang; TOIVONEN Marja

    2006-01-01

    In order to find the roles of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) in the innovation activities, This paper focus on three perspectives. First, we find that KIBS possess good prerequisites to function as vehicles in innovation distribution, the sources of innovation and the facilitators of innovation in their client firms. Second, we further discuss KIBS as the knowledge and innovation infrastructure of society in parallel with the research, educational and other public institutions. Third, we present some research policies and agenda to promote the development of KIBS. It is regarded that much remains to be studied both in the use of KIBS and in their own activities, including integrating and networking the knowledge-intensive services into the client companies, the convergence of various services and closer connection with the client companies' strategy, and the national policies to connect the KIBS to the different sectors.

  11. Exploring the Relationship Between Business Model Innovation, Corporate Sustainability, and Organisational Values within the Fashion Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Esben Rahbek Gjerdrum; Gwozdz, Wencke; Hvass, Kerli Kant

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to examine the relationship between business model innovation, corporate sustainability, and the underlying organisational values. Moreover, the paper examines how the three dimensions correlate with corporate financial performance. It is concluded that companies...... with innovative business models are more likely to address corporate sustainability and that business model innovation and corporate sustainability alike are typically found in organisations rooted in values of flexibility and discretion. Business model innovation and corporate sustainability thus seem to have...

  12. Social Business and big business: innovative, promising solutions to overcome poverty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Yunus

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Do big businesses have to play a role on their own in poverty alleviation? And if so, what are the means of action they are able and eager to implement? For decades, eradicating poverty has been a challenge tackled by public interventions, international development organizations, NGOs. Since the question raised about corporate responsibility, there have been more and more integrated initiatives aiming at reducing social and environmental negative impact of a company. Some are convinced there may be solutions beyond these reactive approaches, relying on more proactive projects putting the social issues in the core business vision. Social business being one of those ambitious approaches, makes the company move from its business as usual and development innovation standards to “open” “embedded” innovation leading to local market creation while addressing poverty issues. Veolia Water, in collaboration with Muhammad Yunus Founder of the Grameen Bank, decided to experiment this kind of business model innovation in Bangladesh where there is urging health concerns linked to water arsenic contamination. The experimental process helped the joint-venture adapt to novelty and complexity (contextual, socio-cultural, commercial and progressively give birth to a real market and test an innovative business model. This learning by doing approach teaches a big company such as Veolia Water how to make the trade-off between short-term profitability and positive contribution to society through a business integrating social concerns in its value proposition. It can also lead to rethinking of its usual practices and contribute to put on a more global sustainable business perspective.

  13. Predictive Control, Competitive Model Business Planning, and Innovation ERP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nourani, Cyrus F.; Lauth, Codrina

    2015-01-01

    is not viewed as the sum of its component elements, but the product of their interactions. The paper starts with introducing a systems approach to business modeling. A competitive business modeling technique, based on the author's planning techniques is applied. Systemic decisions are based on common......New optimality principles are put forth based on competitive model business planning. A Generalized MinMax local optimum dynamic programming algorithm is presented and applied to business model computing where predictive techniques can determine local optima. Based on a systems model an enterprise...... Loops, are applied to complex management decisions. Predictive modeling specifics are briefed. A preliminary optimal game modeling technique is presented in brief with applications to innovation and R&D management. Conducting gap and risk analysis can assist with this process. Example application areas...

  14. 10 CFR 600.381 - Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research Grants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research... Organizations Additional Provisions § 600.381 Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research Grants. (a) General. This section contains provisions applicable to the Small Business Innovation...

  15. Bioplastics and food packaging: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nafisa Jabeen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Food packaging as a vital part of the subject of food technology is involved with protection and preservation of all types of foods. Due to economical abundance, petrochemical plastics have been largely used as packaging material due to their desirable properties of good barrier properties towards O2, aroma compounds, tensile strength and tear strength. Meanwhile, they have many disadvantages like very low water vapour transmission rate and the major disadvantage is that they are non-biodegradable and result in environmental pollution. Keeping in view the non-renewable nature and waste disposal problem of petroleum, newer concept of use of bioplastics came into existence. Bioplastics of renewable origin are compostable or degradable by the enzymatic action of micro-organisms. Generally biodegradable polymers get hydrolysed into CO2, CH4, inorganic compounds or biomass. The use of bio-origin materials obtained through microbial fermentations, starch and cellulose has led to their tremendous innovative uses in food packaging in the last few years.

  16. Overcoming resistance to change in business innovation processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Vicente Berna-Martinez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper summarizes the experience gained in dealing with resistance to change appeared in the companies when they develop innovative processes related to the adoption of new technologies,tools, equipment, infrastructure and methodologies. Technological innovation is rapidly absorbed by society on a personal level. But at the enterprise level, resistance to innovation can occur at anyhierarchical level of the company and may appear with different intensity. Depending on the type of enterprise, the hierarchical level of the employee, the intensity of resistance and other factors, the measures taken are different. In this paper we summarize our experience in the cataloging of the resistance to innovation in terms of impact on workers and showing how technology education andbusiness training can help overcome these resistance forces. This paper describes the experience acquired over 22 projects deployed in the period 2005 to 2011 and that has affected a total of 264 workers of different cultural, technological, business and hierarchical levels.

  17. Legal aspects of business development and innovation in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Grzegorz Żak

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of this article the basic concepts related to the topic issues are presented. The article focuses on the rationale and ideas of creating entrepreneurship and innovation. On the one hand the work’s aim is to show the basic legal instruments which allow to conduct business in Poland, and to demonstrate the role of state bodies in the promotion of entrepreneurship. However, on the other hand the aim of this work is to show the legal instruments connected with competition and encourage entrepreneurs’ innovativeness, taking into account the current needs and trends occurring on the market.

  18. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase I awards, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1999-12-01

    This booklet presents technical abstracts of Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 under the DOE Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR research explores innovative concepts in important technological and scientific areas that can lead to valuable new technology and products. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications, as described by the awardee, are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  19. Business Semantics Management Supports Government Innovation Information Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Grootel, Geert; Spyns, Peter; Christiaens, Stijn; Jörg, Brigitte

    The knowledge economy is one of the cornerstones of our society. Our economic prosperity and development is derived for a large part from technical knowledge. Knowledge unlocks innovation, which in turns spawns new products or services, thereby enabling further economic growth. Hence, an information system unlocking scientific technical knowledge is an important asset for government policy and strategic decisions by industry. In this paper it is explained how business semantics management and related tools are applied to realise the above mentioned endeavour.

  20. Business models and business model innovation in a “Secure and Distributed Cloud Clustering (DISC) Society”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Taran, Yariv

    2011-01-01

    of secure business models and how business models can be operated and innovated in a secure context have intensified tremendously. The development of new mobile and wireless security technologies gives hopes to really realize a secure cloud clustering society where business models can act and be innovated......The development and innovation of business models to a secure distributed cloud clustering society (DISC)—is indeed still a complex venture and has not been widely researched yet. Numerous types of security technologies are in these years proposed and in the “slip stream” of these the study...... secure—but we still have some steps to go before we reach the final destination. The paper gives a conceptual futuristic outlook on behalf of the input from SW2010 and state of the art business model research to what we can expect of business Model and business model innovation in a future secure cloud...

  1. Bioplastics. Plants, raw materials, products; Biokunststoffe. Pflanzen, Rohstoffe, Produkte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loercks, Juergen [Unternehmensberatung Bioplastics (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    The author of the contribution under consideration reports on bioplastics. At first, the term 'bioplastics' is defined. Subsequently, the properties, the synthesis and the processing of bioplastics are described beside legal aspects, potentials and perspectives.

  2. Process of innovation in product lifecycle management business strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Gecevska

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a scenario of Product Lifecycle Management (PLM, as a innovative business strategy based on the analysis of business drivers, industry requirements, limit of current solution, and recent state-of-the-art review in the domain related to PLM. Potential industrial impact of the developed PLM technology solutions is analyzed. It is hoped that the proposed PLM technology solutions will form the frontier basis for further research, development, and application of PLM systems to quickly adapt to the dynamic changing market for industry companies to pursue the most advanced competitiveness. This article presents a process oriented framework to support effective PLM implementation with a set of lifecycle oriented business process reference models which links the necessary fundamental concepts, enterprise knowledge and software solutions to effectively deploy PLM.

  3. An Analyzing of Creativity on Innovation and Business Performance: Case at Furniture Industry in Makassar

    OpenAIRE

    Munizu, Musran

    2016-01-01

    Creativity and innovation are important variables in improving business performance. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of creativity on innovation, creativity on business performance, and then innovation business performance. Respondents are the owners or managers of furniture industry. The unit of analysis of this research was the SMEs of furniture in Makassar. The number of respondents were 85 persons. They were consists of a business owners or managers. The data is carr...

  4. Exploring business model innovation in professional service firms: Insights from architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lieftink, B.; Bos-de Vos, M.; Lauche, K.; Smits, A.

    2014-01-01

    Business model innovation may be a significant source of competitive advantage and firm performance. New ways of doing business have become increasingly important in the professional service sector. This research specifically focuses on business model innovation by architecture firms, which are suff

  5. Learning while (re-)configuring: business model innovation processes in established firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berends, H.; Smits, A.A.J.; Reymen, I.; Podoynitsyna, K.

    2013-01-01

    Although business model innovation may be a significant source of competitive advantage, the process of business model innovation has received scant attention in research. Therefore, we address the question of how established organizations develop and refine new configurations of business model comp

  6. The Study of innovation Situation and Innovative Aspect in Business Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumeh Sadat Abtahi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the most complicated and valuable organizational capabilities, is the business strategy. Recognition of Characteristics of entrepreneurial behavior has the most importance that makes the opportunities with the self skills and creates it by the means of innovative strategies. The lack of this skill, varied and nice processes of strategic planning would degrade to a brain game, because strategy cannot change the organization without implementation. Thus, we tried to express the characteristics and goals of innovative strategies and essential preconditions for its utilizations in business. More on, in this article we express the role and effect of opportunity and its recognition and the relation of organization life stages and how this business strategy is used and we presented some samples in this paper.Statistical Society includes all Goldiran service company staff (200 person that is named ”staff” in this study and according to Cochran formula 132 of them are chosen as Statistical sample.Research method in this study is correlation and Descriptive and data collecting method is field-library and for data analysis we used Liserl 8.7 software.this research results confirmed a significant effect of business innovation effective factors on service improvement in Goldiran Service Company.

  7. Unlearning/Relearning in Processesof Business Information Systems Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Pighin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Unlearning is defined as throwing away concepts learnt in the past to give space for possible new learning. The learning process that supports deep change should be composed by different unlearning-learning phases, both at the individual level and at a more general organizational level. Must unlearning and relearning concepts be explicitly considered in business process reengineering based on the reorganization of information systems? This paper tries to answer this question, by describing the impact of change in information systems on the knowledge model of an organization. The analysis of a recent case study of information systems innovation, permit us to highlight common deficiencies in the design of information systems reengineering processes, particularly in SME. The paper ends with the suggestion of “good practices” that could permit the success of innovation processes by reducing the risk of failure due to excessive resistance to change.

  8. Fifteen Years of Research on Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Saebi, Tina

    2017-01-01

    Over the last 15 years, business model innovation (BMI) has gained an increasing amount of attention in management research and among practitioners. The emerging BMI literature addresses an important phenomenon but lacks theoretical underpinning, and empirical inquiry is not cumulative. Thus......, a concerted research effort seems warranted. Accordingly, we take stock of the extant literature on BMI. We identify and analyze 150 peer-reviewed scholarly articles on BMI published between 2000 and 2015. We provide the first comprehensive systematic review of the BMI literature, include a critical...

  9. Business planning innovative projects: the essence of technology, advantages and disadvantages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Knyaz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article substantiates the necessity to develop technology business planning innovative projects. Arguments made by the ground analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of existing business planning technologies.

  10. Les raisonnements à l'oeuvre dans la conception de business models innovants

    OpenAIRE

    Haggege, Meyer

    2013-01-01

    The company of the future will not have the same characteristics as today! Among the many levers of change, the business model is a recent concept familiar to practitioners and academics. They have a strong interest for it. The business model is a mental framework that describes how the business works, specifically how the company created and capture value (Teece, 2010). Technological innovation is also a lever that sometimes requires business model innovation (Chesbrough 2002). When technolo...

  11. Internationalization through business model innovation: In search of relevant design dimensions and elements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    2014-01-01

    Internationalization through business model innovation involves the creation, or reinvention, of the business itself. This paper aims to integrate basic insight from the literature on business model innovation, internationalization of the firm, international entrepreneurship and global marketing...... into a conceptual model. Our model illustrates that internationalization through business model innovation includes design dimensions, which are domestic or globalized in upstream production as well as in downstream markets. The outcome of this paper is four international business model types each with a specific...... resource allocation for dealing with differences across geographical locations and entry mode elements. We address the interrelation of these dimensions and elements in firms’ international activities....

  12. Liquidity Analysis of Innovative and Traditional Businesses in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Bolek

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the liquidity of Polish non-financial companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, dividing them into two groups: companies with the intangible to fixed assets ratio higher than the median, deemed to be innovative businesses, and companies with the intangible to fixed assets ratio lower than the median, deemed to be traditional businesses. Our results show that liquidity management is different in these two groups when analyzing the cash conversion cycle, the current and quick ratios, and liquid assets. The authors use data representing the Polish economy on the assumption that it can be considered a model one for other developing countries. Poland is at the beginning of this road, completing its systemic transformation after 20 years of efforts, as society has been building an innovation-based economy. Skills in the field of financial management will have to be developed as data analysis described in this paper reveals poor liquidity management. The authors will follow the development of the Polish economy (called a European tiger to show how it has changed over time.

  13. How to establish knowledge sharing from the very first moment in critical and risky Business Model Innovation project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Ulldall, Lena; Aagaard, Annabeth

    Joint action and knowledge sharing are fundamental aspects of business model innovation for businesses to meet the complex Business Model Innovation challenges; for example, think about 12 business jointly innovating on the establishment of a new concept of a balanced energy plant project where...

  14. Small Business Innovation Research: Abstracts of Phase 1 awards, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-31

    The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed here, this publication describes the technical efforts for SBIR Phase 1 awards in 1994. It is intended for the educated layman, and may be of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities. Contained in this booklet are abstracts of the Phase 1 awards made in FY 1994 under the DOE SBIR program. The 212 Phase 1 projects described here were selected in a highly competitive process from a total of 2,276 grant applications received in response to the 1994 DOE annual SBIR Solicitation. The selections for awards were made on scientific and technical merit, as judged against the specific criteria listed in the Solicitation. Conclusions were reached on the basis of detailed reports returned by reviewers drawn from DOE laboratories, universities, private industry, and government. (Any discrepancies noted in prior DOE releases naming the firms selected for awards are due either to the firm changing its name after the award selection or to the firm not proceeding to a signed grant.) It is expected that between one-third and one-half of the Phase 1 projects will be continued into Phase 2. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations with an interest in the research described are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  15. Nano-cellulose derived bioplastic biomaterial data for vehicle bio-bumper from banana peel waste biomass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B.M. Sharif Hossain

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The innovative study was carried out to produce nano-cellulose based bioplastic biomaterials for vehicle use coming after bioprocess technology. The data show that nano-cellulose particle size was 20 nm and negligible water absorption was 0.03% in the bioplastic. Moreover, burning test, size and shape characterizations, spray coating dye, energy test and firmness of bioplastic have been explored and compared with the standardization of synthetic vehicle plastic bumper following the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM. Tensile test was observed 120 MPa/kg m3. In addition to that pH and cellulose content were found positive in the bioplastic compared to the synthetic plastic. Chemical tests like K, CO3, Cl2, Na were determined and shown positive results compared to the synthetic plastic using the EN-14214 (European Norm standardization.

  16. Nano-cellulose derived bioplastic biomaterial data for vehicle bio-bumper from banana peel waste biomass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharif Hossain, A B M; Ibrahim, Nasir A; AlEissa, Mohammed Saad

    2016-09-01

    The innovative study was carried out to produce nano-cellulose based bioplastic biomaterials for vehicle use coming after bioprocess technology. The data show that nano-cellulose particle size was 20 nm and negligible water absorption was 0.03% in the bioplastic. Moreover, burning test, size and shape characterizations, spray coating dye, energy test and firmness of bioplastic have been explored and compared with the standardization of synthetic vehicle plastic bumper following the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Tensile test was observed 120 MPa/kg m(3). In addition to that pH and cellulose content were found positive in the bioplastic compared to the synthetic plastic. Chemical tests like K, CO3, Cl2, Na were determined and shown positive results compared to the synthetic plastic using the EN-14214 (European Norm) standardization.

  17. Framing agenda for business model innovation research from the B2B context

    OpenAIRE

    Neupane, Ganesh Prasad; Haugland, Sven A.

    2016-01-01

    This paper reviews the literature on business models in the business-to-business (B2B) context and proposes a research agenda that can be explored by future studies using various management and organizational theories. We outline four research themes and seven research topics for research on business model innovations in the B2B context. Further studies on these topics can make significant contributions to the business model literature.

  18. Business cycle and innovation activity in medium-high and high technology industry in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzikowski Piotr

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines differences in an impact of business cycle phases on innovation activity in medium-high and high technology industry in Poland. It is assumed that each business cycle phase influences innovation activity in the same fashion, but its impact varies and it depends on the firm’s innovation activity. The higher innovation activity the less impact of business cycle. The scope of the survey relates to innovation in MHT and HT industry in Poland. The data concerns the innovation at the firm level and the diffusion “new for the company”. Innovation activity is defined by the following activities: (1 expenditure on research and development and investments in fixed assets not used so far such as: abuildings, premises and land; b machinery and equipment, c computer software; (2 implementation of new products and technological processes and (3 innovation cooperation. The methodological part of the analysis includes a logit modeling. The survey includes 1355 companies. Business cycle has a great influence on innovation activity in MTH and HT industry in Poland. The influence of recovery phase is positive whereas both stagnation and recession phases decrease the probability of innovation activity. The character of influence depends on the propensity to take innovation activity. The higher level of innovation activity the enterprises present the less influence of business cycle they get.

  19. Innovation, Corporate Strategy, and Cultural Context: What Is the Mission for International Business Communication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulijn, Jan; O'Hair, Dan; Weggeman, Mathieu; Ledlow, Gerald; Hall, H. Thomas

    2000-01-01

    Reviews relevant literature in the areas of communication and innovation and explores how efforts toward innovative practices are directly related to globalism and business strategy. Focuses on issues associated with national culture, corporate culture, and professional culture that are relevant to strategies for researching business communication…

  20. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 227.7104 Section 227.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data or... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Technical Data 227.7104 Contracts under the Small...

  1. Adoption of Innovation from the Business Sector by Post-Primary Education Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazzan, Orit; Zelig, Dafna

    2016-01-01

    Business organizations adopt innovation with the objective of meeting competition and improving their business performance; education organizations, likewise, operate in a competitive environment, are evaluated by stakeholders, and adopt innovation. The research presented here links these two sectors; its objective was to characterize the process…

  2. Small Business Innovation Research, Post-Phase II Opportunity Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report outlines current Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Post-Phase II opportunity contract award results for the SBIR technology program from 2007 to 2011 for NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD), Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD), Science Mission Directorate (SMD), and Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD). The report provides guidelines for incorporating SBIR technology into NASA programs and projects and provides a quantitative overview of the post-Phase II award patterns that correspond with each mission directorate at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). In recent years, one of NASA's goals has been to not only transfer SBIR technologies to commercial industries, but to ensure that NASA mission directorates incorporate SBIR technologies into their program and project activities. Before incorporating technologies into MD programs, it is important to understand each mission directorate structure because each directorate has different objectives and needs. The directorate program structures follow.

  3. Product lifecycle management through innovative and competitive business environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Gecevska

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Product Lifecycle Management (PLM is the process of managing the whole life cycle of a product starting from generating an idea, concept description, business analyzes, product design and solution architecture and technical implementation, to the successful entrance to the market, service, maintenance and product improvement. At present, a wide range of stakeholders including consumers, regulators, shareholders and public bodies are demanding that companies address product management through all life cycle in a more comprehensive and sustainable way. However, even if a company actually wishes innovate its processes for improving the way to account for project management, it will face relevant difficulties to deal with different guidelines, tools and methods currently addressing the matter from various points of view. The purpose of this paper is to review literature on PLM from an operational point of view with the objective to help companies to answer to the main market needs.

  4. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase II awards, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2000-12-01

    The SBIR program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed below, this publication describes the technical efforts and commercialization possibilities for SBIR Phase II awards in Fiscal Year (FY) 2000. It is intended for the educated layman, and maybe of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities.

  5. Business Model as an Inducer of Disruptive Innovations: The Case of Gol Airlines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirlei de Almeida Pereira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to investigate the premises that the success of disruptive innovation is related to the business model adopted by organizations. An analysis of five business models from the literature review - Bovet and Martha (2000, Applegate (2001, Chesbrough and Rosenbloom (2002, Osterwalder and Pigneur (2010, and Rodrigues, Maccari and Lenzi (2012 – was conducted based on the case of the Brazilian Gol Airlines who is recognized as a success business that promoted a disruptive innovation. The results suggest that the assertive choice of the business model can leverage innovation processes, and two of the models listed are adherence to the case studied. Keywords: Disruptive Innovation; Business Model; Innovation Elements; Strategy; Gol Airlines.

  6. Business model innovation for Local Energy Management: a perspective from Swiss utilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Facchinetti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The successful deployment of the energy transition relies on a deep reorganization of the energy market. Business model innovation is recognized as a key driver of this process. This work contributes to this topic by providing to potential Local Energy Management stakeholders and policy makers a conceptual framework guiding the Local Energy Management business model innovation. The main determinants characterizing Local Energy Management concepts and impacting its business model innovation are identified through literature reviews on distributed generation typologies and customer/investor preferences related to new business opportunities emerging with the energy transition. Afterwards, the relation between the identified determinants and the Local Energy Management business model solution space is analyzed based on semi-structured interviews with managers of Swiss utilities companies. The collected managers’ preferences serve as explorative indicators supporting the business model innovation process and provide insights to policy makers on challenges and opportunities related to Local Energy Management.

  7. Building a culture of innovation a practical framework for placing innovation at the core of your business

    CERN Document Server

    Beswick, Cris; Geraghty, Jo

    2015-01-01

    Being a truly innovative company is more than the dreaming up of new products and services by external consultants and internal taskforces. Staying one step ahead of the competition requires you to embed innovation into your organizational culture. Innovation needs to be embodied in everything that gets done by everyone who works there. By changing your organizational culture to one that supports innovation, you will remove the barriers that stop you responding quickly and agilely to changing market conditions and opportunities for growth. Building a Culture of Innovation presents a practical framework that you can follow to design and embed a culture of innovation in your business.The six-step Innovation Culture Change Framework offers a structured process to make change stick, from assessing your organization's innovation-readiness to leading a managed change process that will foster innovation at each level. It includes case studies from international organizations which have shifted their focus to an inno...

  8. Early Phases of Business Model Innovation: An Ideation Experience Workshop in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoveskog, M.; Halila, F.; Danilovic, M.

    2015-01-01

    As the mantra "innovate your business model or die" increases in popularity among practitioners and academics, so does the need for novel and feasible business models. In this article, we describe an ideation experience workshop, conducted in an undergraduate business course, in which students, guided by their lecturers and two industry…

  9. Business model engineering: creating non-linear growth effects for service innovations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kijl, B.; Ehrenhard, M.L.; Wijnhoven, A.B.J.M.; Nieuwenhuis, L.J.M.; Boersma, D.

    2012-01-01

    Every service innovation needs a viable business model in order to create and capture value. Strikingly, most of the current literature is focused on business model design only, whereas almost no attention is given to business model validation and implementation – let alone experimentation with comp

  10. Initiating Service Encounter-based Innovation by Word-of-Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mattsson, Jan

    2015-01-01

    are suggested to respond to different types of word-of-business. Social implications – Cognitive distance is a generic concept which relates to all human interaction and communication. It can explain why it is so difficult to “get things across”. Originality/value – This paper presents a new theory...... in an emerging innovation field, open/user-driven innovation. Theory from business marketing, service encounter and innovation is also used....

  11. Improvement of Tax Incentives of Small Innovative Business in Russia and Abroad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Valeryevna Nikulina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In modern conditions activity of small innovative business, as the most flexible component of the innovation economy of the country is particularly important. However, due to the specifics of their activities small innovative business needs state support, including in the field of a tax policy. In this connection, consideration of tax incentives for small innovative business activity is relevant and timely. The purpose of this study is to identify the main directions of improvement of tax incentives for small innovative business in Russia through the use of foreign experience. The study used data analysis and comparisons to identify features of the tax incentives of small innovative business in Russia and abroad. In determining the main directions of improving, the study used the method of forecasting on the basis of the results of the analysis and comparison. The article described the basic instruments of tax incentives for activities of small innovation business in Russia. The article analyzed foreign experience of application of tax privileges and preferences. The article developed and substantiated recommendations on the improvement of the Russian system of tax incentives of activity of small innovative business. The authors make conclusion that the Russian system of tax incentives is ineffective and needs to be reformed by increasing the number of tax benefits, and the development of a special tax regime through the use of foreign experience.

  12. Playful Collaboration (or Not): Using a Game to Grasp the Social Dynamics of Open Innovation in Innovation and Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogers, Marcel; Sproedt, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    This article explores how playing games can be used to teach intangible social interaction across boundaries, in particular within open collaborative innovation. We present an exploratory case study of how students learned from playing a board game in a graduate course of the international and interdisciplinary Innovation and Business master's…

  13. Innovating beyond Technology : Studies on how management innovation, co-creation and business model innovation contribute to firms' (innovation) performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.V. Heij (Kevin)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractInnovation is generally considered to be a cornerstone of organizational survival in many of today’s dynamic and competitive markets. This dissertation goes beyond the dominant focus on technological innovation in innovation studies by examining how and under which conditions several maj

  14. 76 FR 77817 - Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal, Inc. and Subcontractor, Innovate, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-14

    ... AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by CGI Federal, Inc. and Subcontractor, Innovate, Inc..., CGI Federal Inc. (CGI) of Fairfax, VA, and subcontractor, Innovate, Inc. of Alexandria, VA, to access..., contractor CGI of 12601 Fair Lakes Circle, Fairfax, VA, and subcontractor, Innovate, Inc. of 5835 Valley...

  15. Innovations affecting SMEs and e-business with reference to strategic networks, aggregation and intermediaries

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, D. H.; Lockett, N J

    2003-01-01

    Against a background of the low engagement of SMEs in e-business this paper investigates the emergence of innovative critical e-aggregation applications defined as an e-business application, promoted by a trusted third party, which engages a significant number of SMEs by addressing an important shared business concern within an aggregation. By a review of secondary data and empirical investigation the research shows that such applications can facilitate the engagement of SMEs in e-business. T...

  16. Productive friction: how difficult business partnerships can accelerate innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagel, John; Brown, John Seely

    2005-02-01

    Companies are becoming more dependent on business partners, but coordinating with outsiders takes its toll. Negotiating terms, monitoring performance, and, if needs are not being met, switching from one partner to another require time and money. Such transaction costs, Ronald Coase explained in his 1937 essay "The Nature of the Firm," drove many organizations to bring their activities in-house. But what if Coase placed too much emphasis on these costs? What if friction between companies can be productive? Indeed, as John Hagel and John Seely Brown point out, interactions between organizations can yield benefits beyond the goods or services contracted for. Companies get better at what they do--and improve faster than their competitors--by working with outsiders whose specialized capabilities complement their own. Different enterprises bring different perspectives and competencies. When these enterprises tackle a problem together, they dramatically increase the chances for innovative solutions. Of course, misunderstandings often arise when people with different backgrounds and skill sets try to collaborate. Opposing sides may focus on the distance that separates them rather than the common challenges they face. How can companies harness friction so that it builds capabilities? Start by articulating performance goals that everyone buys into. Then make sure people are using tangible prototypes to wrangle over. Finally, assemble teams with committed people who bring different perspectives to the table. As individual problems are being addressed, take care that the underpinnings of shared meaning and trust are also being woven between the companies. Neither can be dictated--but they can be cultivated. Without them, the performance fabric quickly unravels, and business partnerships disintegrate into rivalrous competition.

  17. Crosslinking of agarose bioplastic using citric acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awadhiya, Ankur; Kumar, David; Verma, Vivek

    2016-10-20

    We report chemical crosslinking of agarose bioplastic using citric acid. Crosslinking was confirmed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The effects of crosslinking on the tensile strength, swelling, thermal stability, and degradability of the bioplastic were studied in detail. The tensile strength of the bioplastic films increased from 25.1MPa for control films up to a maximum of 52.7MPa for citric acid crosslinked films. At 37°C, the amount of water absorbed by crosslinked agarose bioplastic was only 11.5% of the amount absorbed by non-crosslinked controls. Thermogravimetric results showed that the crosslinked samples retain greater mass at high temperature (>450°C) than control samples. Moreover, while the crosslinked films were completely degradable, the rate of degradation was lower compared to non-crosslinked controls.

  18. Plant-crafted starches for bioplastics production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sagnelli, Domenico; Hebelstrup, Kim H.; Leroy, Eric

    2016-01-01

    Transgenically-produced amylose-only (AO) starch was used to manufacture bioplastic prototypes. Extruded starch samples were tested for crystal residues, elasticity, glass transition temperature, mechanical properties, molecular mass and microstructure. The AO starch granule crystallinity was bot...

  19. The Mediating Effect of Innovation between Total Quality Management (TQM) and Business Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Ang Wei; Fauzi Ahmad, Mohd; Hisyamudin Muhd Nor, Nik

    2016-11-01

    Both TQM and Innovation are the competitive key factors that intensely embedded into organizational products, service and process. In order to achieve higher business performance, organizations are needed to adopt both quality and innovation. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to identify the relationship between TQM and business performance with a mediator's effect of Innovation. After detailed review the extensive literature, a new TQM model is presented. The proposed model integrates the TQM practices and different type of innovation attempt to develop a theoretical knowledge to help academician and manufacturer to understand the relationship that design quality in product and service and engaging innovation in the activities. To this end, the SEM-PLS (Structural Equation Modelling - Partial Least Squares Structural) is used to identify and evaluate the relationship among TQM, Innovation and business performance in establishing a new TQM model.

  20. Development of State and Small-Business Partnership in a Region’s Innovation Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guseva Mariya Sergeevna

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The strategic goals of innovation development of the Russian Federation and problems of development of small and medium businesses require the study of the mechanisms of successful cooperation between the state and small businesses, including public-private partnership (PPP. The article considers promising mechanisms for innovative development of the Russian economy in the framework of PPP, with the participation of small businesses. The hypothesis is presented by the thesis that small business has a high innovation potential and exceptional opportunities for its implementation in PPP projects. This thesis is confirmed by the analysis and synthesis of a number of scientific theories. The purpose of the study is to clarify the nature and areas of partnership between the state and small business in innovation and development of proposals to improve their cooperation according to the PPP principles. The methodological basis of the study includes the systematic approach, methods of structural, concept, functional and statistical analysis, the method of expert evaluations. The paper discloses the essence of public-private partnership as a mechanism for attracting private capital to investment processes on mutually beneficial terms for solving socially important issues; identifies the tools and forms of PPP used for economic innovative development. The key mechanisms of economic innovative development based on the principles of public-private partnership, include: program government investments; creation and maintenance of development institutions; formation and development of innovative territorial clusters; building and development of an innovative high-tech business development infrastructure. Using the experience of the Samara Oblast and the aerospace cluster the authors review the mechanisms for the implementation of PPP in innovation sector and the model for involving small businesses in investment projects. They also define organizational and

  1. Innovative Outcome Assessment in Graduate Business Education and Continuous Improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chattopadhyay Satya P.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The changed environment of global economy with painful austerity and restructuring measures causing severe economic dislocations in many diverse parts of the world have brought into focus the usefulness and value of management education in general and graduate management education in particular. The various accrediting bodies in America, Europe and Asia in recent years have shifted their emphasis to ensuring that learning outcomes of students in the program are tied to the goals and missions of the academic institution and meet the needs of the external partners of the academic enterprise that the students go on to serve. This has resulted in rapid advances in the field of innovative outcome assessment, and measurement of competency in performing higher order tasks as well as demonstration of traits related to successful transition into the business world and contribution to the success of the enterprise where the students are employed. The mere assessment/measurement of traits is not the end, but rather the first step in the cycle of continuous improvement in the tradition of the Plan-Do-Study-Act tradition of TQM. The goal is to identify shortcomings or opportunities for improvement via the assessment process and then to “close the loop” by introducing planned changes to improve system performance.

  2. Hotel innovation and its effect on business performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mattsson, Jan; Orfila-Sintes, Francina

    2014-01-01

    of an earlier developed model of innovation types, we investigate the effect on performance of different types of innovation. We find that two combinations of innovation types impact hotel performance in a positive way, namely the combinations termed, Full and Service&Back-Office innovation. We therefore...

  3. Managing Creativity for Absorptive Capacity: The NIH Syndrome and the Implementation of Open Innovation Business Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cokpekin, Özge

    The benefits of the open innovation business model and the absorptive capacity necessary to acquire and utilize external knowledge have been discussed extensively. An emerging literature stream has identified certain intra-organizational antecedents of absorptive capacity. However how firms...

  4. THE PERCEPTIONS OF ROMANIAN YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS REGARDING THE CHALLENGES OF AN INNOVATIVE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims the investigation of the relationship between entrepreneurial phenomenon among young people in Romania and the business environment, strongly marked by innovation and new technologies, as pillars of sustainable development in the knowledge-based society. For achieving the paper’s goal there are used the results of a qualitative research based on in-depth interview which aim to identify the views and experiences of young entrepreneurs on the advantages and disadvantages of starting an innovative business in Romania. Data analysis allowed the formulation of some recommendations to state institutions, business environment and the academic community to support young entrepreneurs in developing their business right after the launch. Access to new funding sources, guidance and informational support are the principal needs for entrepreneurs in their struggle to develop innovative sustainable businesses. The strong promotion of young entrepreneurs inside their community or at national level contributes to the development of a strong entrepreneurial culture for Romania.

  5. Contributions of the Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999-FY2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    allows visual tracking, free-floating Magnetic Levitation ( Maglev ) haptic feedback with real surgical tools and sce- nario-based training that can be...Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999–FY2004 J.D...Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999

  6. Business Model Innovation: A Journey across Managers’ Attention and Inter-Organizational Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.R. Micheli (Maria Rita)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Business model innovation (BMI) is an emergent area of research with the potential to re-structure the pillars of strategy research. Despite the growing interest, the process of how business models change is not clearly described. In fact, only a few empirical studies e

  7. Exploration on Building of Visualization Platform to Innovate Business Operation Pattern of Supply Chain Finance

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Xiangjun; Tang, Lingyun

    Supply Chain Finance, as a new financing pattern, has been arousing general attentions of scholars at home and abroad since its publication. This paper describes the author's understanding towards supply chain finance, makes classification of its business patterns in China from different perspectives, analyzes the existing problems and deficiencies of the business patterns, and finally puts forward the notion of building a visualization platform to innovate the business operation patterns and risk control modes of domestic supply chain finance.

  8. Determinants of the Use of Technological Innovation in Distance Learning: A Study with Business School Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo Leal, Edvalda; Luiz Albertin, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    This study's overall purpose is to identify the factors determining the use of technological innovation in Distance Learning (DL), as perceived by instructors of Business Education programs. The theoretical basis for the study is the Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT). The study's sample is made up of 436 instructors; we used a quantitative…

  9. Strengthening Industrial Ecology’s Links with Business Studies: Insights and Potential Contributions from the Innovation and Business Models Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha Sharpe

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The declining availability of natural resources and the environmental impacts of continued extraction of primary resources for production activities have forced greater focus on waste streams and recycling activities. Industrial ecology as a field of practice and theory has been closely related to sustainability issues, yet despite the development of much theory and specific tools and methodologies, the link between natural, industrial and economic systems is not convincing. Not only that, the need for delivering sustainable production and consumption practices is increasing, which is demanding new solutions to existing problems, particularly around the degree of novelty. The interaction of industrial ecology with business studies and industrial investment decision-making remains under-developed, and this is likely impacting on the adoption of more sustainable and resource-efficient practices. As such, this paper uses a constructive approach and explores how two areas of the literature can support the development of the industrial ecology field into strategic business practice: firstly, the innovation literature, particularly the emerging work on open innovation and sustainable innovation as a model to understand radical innovation processes and the creation and maintenance of networked systems of firms; secondly, the closely related area of business model (BM innovation, specifically the emerging typologies of sustainable BMs and how these typologies can be developed and used as a route to positioning recycling activities at the strategic management level of the firm.

  10. Creating strategic value and sustainable innovation through Business-NGO partnerships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Lodsgård, Lise

    A growing body of research emphasizes the potentials of business-NGO partnerships (BNP’s) in developing sustainable innovation. The purpose of this study is to set up a model for defining these business-NGO partnerships and to investigate through a multiple cross-sectoral case-study how...... the different partnership types are managed to create strategic value through sustainable innovation. The findings reveal different practices, opportunities and challenges in creating SI across the different types of business-NGO partnerships....

  11. Predictive Control, Competitive Model Business Planning, and Innovation ERP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nourani, Cyrus F.; Lauth, Codrina

    2015-01-01

    New optimality principles are put forth based on competitive model business planning. A Generalized MinMax local optimum dynamic programming algorithm is presented and applied to business model computing where predictive techniques can determine local optima. Based on a systems model an enterprise...... is not viewed as the sum of its component elements, but the product of their interactions. The paper starts with introducing a systems approach to business modeling. A competitive business modeling technique, based on the author's planning techniques is applied. Systemic decisions are based on common...... organizational goals, and as such business planning and resource assignments should strive to satisfy higher organizational goals. It is critical to understand how different decisions affect and influence one another. Here, a business planning example is presented where systems thinking technique, using Causal...

  12. Discontinuities in business model innovation of the Danish newspaper industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.

    Within this study, I have analysed emerging business models in the newspaper industry at large, including the role ongoing technological developments play (from paper-based towards digital platforms), and the key activities, which the newspapers undertake in redefining their core business model....... More specifically, I discuss how changes introduced during the on-going development of new content delivery channels have affected the traditional business model based on one delivery channel, i.e. printed newspaper....

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF FINANCIAL INNOVATION BASED ON OPTIMIZING BUSINESS PROCESSES AND CREDIT INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodin D. Y.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the authors have put the issue of development banking innovation through business process re-engineering in commercial bank. Application of the methodological approaches to the study of sustainable development of banking activity extends the boundaries of banking innovations. On the basis of business process reengineering, the strategic assets and liabilities management were proposed and we tested their optimal structure. Increase of sales of innovative field of credit, deposit and stock products with high customer value for clients leads to increasing economic value of added price of the banking Institute

  14. Dynamics of Openness in SMEs: A Business Model and Innovation Strategy Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marika Miriam Iivari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In order to explore the dynamics of openness within SMEs, this study investigates how business model transformation relates to innovation strategy transformation. Design/Methodology/Approach: This research is conducted as a longitudinal qualitative single case study in order to fully follow transformation as a process. Findings: This research revealed that openness in SMEs is not about continuously increasing the level of openness, but SMEs can also begin to close their innovation strategy, even though the business model stays open. The level of openness varies based on strategic openness. Research limitations/implications: This study emphasizes that openness needs to be viewed as a continuum, where the level of openness may fluctuate during transformation. Furthermore, openness in business models and openness in innovation indeed are separate phenomena. Practical implications: Having an understanding how strategic openness guides business model transformation enables practitioners to better utilize open innovation as an innovation strategy. Originality/value: Through focusing on the relationship between business model transformation and innovation strategy transformation, we broaden the discussion on the dynamics of openness within SMEs.

  15. Initiative-taking, Improvisational Capability and Business Model Innovation in Emerging Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cao, Yangfeng

    . Many prior researches have shown that the foreign subsidiaries play important role in shaping the overall strategy of the parent company. However, little is known about how subsidiary specifically facilitates business model innovation (BMI) in emerging markets. Adopting the method of comparative......Business model innovation plays a very important role in developing competitive advantage when multinational small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from developed country enter into emerging markets because of the large contextual distances or gaps between the emerging and developed economies...... innovation in emerging markets. We find that high initiative-taking and strong improvisational capability can accelerate the business model innovation. Our research contributes to the literatures on international and strategic entrepreneurship....

  16. Business Strategies in Innovative and Non-innovative Firms in Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Joanne; Baldwin, John R.

    1995-01-01

    This study investigates differences in the policies being pursued by innovative and non-innovative firms. It focuses on a broad group of strategies -- in marketing, finance, production, management and human resources and asks whether there are key areas in which the strategies being followed by innovative and non-innovative firms differ. It also asks how the activities of firms in each of these areas differs. Finally, it compares the performance of innovative and non-innovative firms. The stu...

  17. Identifying innovative suppliers in business networks : An empirical study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pulles, Niels J.; Veldman, Jasper; Schiele, Holger

    2014-01-01

    In the literature, considerable attention has been given to the role of supplying firms in the context of innovation. However, not every supplier is capable of contributing to a buyer's innovation performance. In addition, the willingness and commitment of suppliers to collaborate with buyers is not

  18. Managerial Innovations and Adaptation to the Business Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GeBaoshan; YaoMeifang; ZhaoBaohua; DavidKelly

    2004-01-01

    Institutional innovations are more important than technical ones and functional innovations than methodological ones. What kind of managerial system is qualified to adapt itself to today's ever-changing environment for its performance? Following the principle of keeping up with the era's advancing pace,

  19. 77 FR 30227 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs. The proposed rule would implement... technological constraints, participation is limited to 125 registrants for the Webinar. If demand...

  20. Competing with the use of business model innovation : an exploratory case study of the journey of born global firms

    OpenAIRE

    Marlene Johansson; Jan Tony Abrahamsson

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to investigate how business models are used by born global firms to act upon new business opportunities and how they manage business model innovation over time to prosper and grow. Design/Methodology: The study is based on three exploratory case studies of born global firms in mobile communication, financial services and digital music distribution. Findings: Three interrelated capabilities to manage business model innovation are articulated in...

  1. Business Model Innovation to Create and Capture Resource Value in Future Circular Material Chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göran Roos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article briefly discusses the origins and development of the business model concept resulting in a high level definition. Against this backdrop, frameworks from the literature around green business models with examples of green business models and the business model innovation process are presented. The article then discusses the origins and meaning of different "green" concepts relevant for the circular value chain concluding with a high level definition. The article finally outline the process by which a business model for a circular value chain can be developed taking into account the social dilemma that exist in these type of situations. The article concludes with the specific questions that need to be answered in order to create an appropriate business model for a circular value chain.

  2. Network Business Environment for Open Innovation in SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Ţoniş BuceaManea, Rocsana; Catană, Mădălin Gabriel; Tonoiu, Sergiu

    2014-01-01

    The SMEs represent an important factor of growth in both developed and developing countries, into which, however, they face different obstacles in the process of innovation. This paper analyses how open communication and collaboration can help SMEs in their struggle for sustainable innovation and profitable market competition. Based on a literature review, a number of obstacles that SMEs have to overcome in their current activity and possible support to be competitive are revea...

  3. How journal rankings can suppress interdisciplinarity. The case of innovation studies in business and management

    CERN Document Server

    Rafols, Ismael; O'Hare, Alice; Nightingale, Paul; Stirling, Andy

    2011-01-01

    While interdisciplinary research (IDR) is valued as a means of encouraging scientific breakthroughs, innovation and socially relevant science, it is also widely perceived as being at a disadvantage in research evaluations. Various qualitative studies have provided evidence that peer review tends to be biased against IDR. However, quantitative investigations on this claim have been few and inconclusive. This paper provides new quantitative evidence of how journal rankings can disadvantage IDR in evaluation. Using publication data it compares the degree of interdisciplinarity and the research performance of innovation studies units with business and management schools in the UK. The paper uses various mappings and metrics to show that innovation studies units are consistently more interdisciplinary than business and management schools. It shows that the top journals in the Association of Business Schools' rankings span a less diverse set of disciplines than lower ranked journals, and that this bias results in a...

  4. Competing With the Use of Business Model innovation - an Exploratory Case Study of the Journey of Born Global Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlene Johansson

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this article is to investigate how business models are used by born global firms to act upon new business opportunities and how they manage business model innovation over time to prosper and grow. Design/Methodology: The study is based on three exploratory case studies of born global firms in mobile communication, financial services and digital music distribution. Findings: Three interrelated capabilities to manage business model innovation are articulated in the context of born global firms; sensing capabilities, entrepreneurial capabilities and relational capabilities and four propositions are formulated. We find that business model innovations are used as a tool by maturing born global firms to navigate the value chains and achieve international growth. We further propose that born global need the capabilities to balance different business model designs simultaneously and to manage its business model innovation in a timely manner. Originality: This article contributes to both the business model literature and research of international entrepreneurship. By putting business model research into the dynamic context of rapidly internationalizing born global firms, we contribute to the field of business model research with findings of how business models are used in the internationalization processes. Certain capabilities are needed to manage business model innovation for born global firms to dynamically use business models as a tool in the international growth overtime.

  5. Cities as Platforms for Co-creating Experience-based Business and Social Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz; Tsakarestou, Betty

    2014-01-01

    to address societies’ challenges remains a concern for governments, cities, businesses and social innovators. These solutions emerge out of changes in technologies, advancement of knowledge as well as of the emerging model of the collaborative and sharing economy and networked peer local and global...... communities. This paper presents the outcomes of the Athens Co-Creation Workshop 2012) a collaborative initiative of two universities: the Panteion University; Athens and the Copenhagen Business School / Co-Creation of Experienced-Based Innovation Consortium (CCEBI); Copenhagen. Our main question is: How can...... co-creation and experience-based learning and innovation in Living Labs, across diverse sectors, organizations, institutions, companies and startups, help cities becoming platforms that facilitate networking, collaboration and innovation? Our main challenge is to explore such an opportunity regarding...

  6. Industry Differentiation in the Innovation-Exporting Business Models of SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Child, John; Hsieh, Linda; Elbanna, Said;

    Although there have been many studies of the relationship between innovation and exporting among SMEs, two significant gaps in understanding remain. These concern, first, the specific forms of innovation and exporting SMEs undertake and, second, the role of industry in differentiating between these....... This paper addresses these two research gaps by investigating whether there is a systematic variation in the specifics of the innovation-exporting business models adopted by SMEs according to their industry membership. The sample of 180 firms includes an equal number of SMEs actively engaged in exporting...... and located in the clothing, software and biotechnology industries across six economies. The results indicate that SMEs in each industry follow distinctive business models with respect to innovation and exporting. It is concluded that industry is an institutionalized socio-technical system of considerable...

  7. Management of innovation and product development integrating business and technological perspectives

    CERN Document Server

    Cantamessa, Marco

    2016-01-01

    Presenting an integrated and holistic perspective on innovation management, and product design and development, this monograph offers a unique and original understanding of how these two perspectives are interconnected. This book explores these themes in a scientifically rigorous manner, associating academic findings with examples from business. It provides readers with the conceptual and decision-making tools required to understand and manage the process of innovation at different levels, from the analysis of industry-wide phenomena to the formulation of a strategy, and from the planning of operations to the management of technical choices. Chapters cover innovation as an economic and social phenomenon, the formulation of innovation strategy, the management of product development processes and projects, and the technical design of products and services. Offering an invaluable resource to postgraduate students in economics, business and engineering, this book is also intended for managers and entrepreneurs.

  8. Why a Train Set Helps Participants Co-Construct Meaning in Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuthel, Maria Rosa; Buur, Jacob

    to understand how they construct a concept. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We discuss why the toy train works: It keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion.......In this position paper we show how participants in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to co-construct understandings of a new business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of developing new terms and concepts together is crucial for work to progress. Every...

  9. Successes of Small Business Innovation Research at NASA Glenn Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Walter S.; Bitler, Dean W.; Prok, George M.; Metzger, Marie E.; Dreibelbis, Cindy L.; Ganss, Meghan

    2002-01-01

    This booklet of success stories highlights the NASA Glenn Research Center's accomplishments and successes by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs. These success stories are the results of selecting projects that support NASA missions and also have high commercialization potential. Each success story describes the innovation accomplished, commercialization of the technology, and further applications and usages. This booklet emphasizes the integration and incorporation of technologies into NASA missions and other government projects. The company name and the NASA contact person are identified to encourage further usage and application of the SBIR developed technologies and also to promote further commercialization of these products.

  10. Business Model Innovation: Insights from a Multiple Case Study of Slovenian SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marolt Marjeta

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Business model innovation (BMI has become increasingly important, especially in the fast changing business environment. While large enterprises approach these changes systematically, small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs are left to their own resourcefulness. For the purpose of developing dedicated methods and tools to support different SMEs in addressing these challenges, we have conducted a multiple case study to gain insights into factors that drive SMEs to innovate their BM, how they approach BMI and what changes they made to their BM.

  11. The Journey of Business Model Innovation in Media Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik; Sund, Kristian J.

    New digital entrants in the media industry have changed the competitive landscape for advertisers and media alike. In particular, over the past decade media agencies have grown more rapidly than the media market as a whole, securing a larger share of the value generated in the advertising value...... chain. Based on secondary data and in-depth interviews with 11 Danish media agency CEOs, and using the nine building blocks suggested in the business model canvas framework of Osterwalder and Pigneur (2010), we develop a grounded process model describing how these agencies have altered their business...

  12. A MODEL OF THE INNOVATIVE AMBER CLUSTER AS A CENTRE OF COOPERATION OF AUTHORITIES - BUSINESS - SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleb B. Trifonov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A mechanism of forming an innovative amber cluster was developed, including structural interconnections of cluster partners,a package of basic innovative technologies, which will createa new value chain, new vacancies, provide contributions to theregional budget.A method of analytical estimation was suggested to assess cluster synergism of partners: authorities, business, science/education, culture, which reflects potential possibilities of thecluster model of region development.

  13. Business modelling in the fuzzy front end of innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Limonard, A.J.P.; Berkers, F.T.H.M.; Niamut, O.A.; Bachet, T.T.; Reuver, M. de

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we address the techno-economic dilemma in the fuzzy front end of R&D consortia: how to bridge the gap between the lack of knowledge on future demand for a technology and the need to make design decisions. The problem in these types of collaborations that the business interests to devel

  14. Innovative reference points in management of business competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.O. Zagornaja

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article authors system of the analysis and the estimation of competitiveness of business subjects is presented. It is based on four elements: theory; law; principle; method. The model of competitive strategy is resulted, it is described with three components: growth rate, differentiation of the market and the product differentiation.

  15. How Collaborative Business Modeling Can Be Used to Jointly Explore Sustainability Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konnertz, Lars; Rohrbeck, René; Knab, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    in the German energy market, where business modeling has been used in a collaborative fashion. After describing this collaborative business modeling (CBM) approach, we discuss its strengths and limitations and compare it to the alternative methods of innovation planning: scenario technique and roadmapping. We...... find that it has its particular strengths in creating a multitude of ideas and solutions, overcoming the obstacle of different terminologies and facilitating planning, implementation and decision-making. We conclude that in a situation where fundamental discussions and understanding about new markets...... are needed, CBM can contribute to explore a new business field with a holistic perspective....

  16. Genomics innovation: transforming healthcare, business, and the global economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo

    2015-12-01

    The genomics revolution has generated an unprecedented number of assets to propel innovation. Initial availability of genomics-based applications show a significant potential to contribute addressing global challenges, such as human health, food security, alternative sources of energies, and environmental sustainability. In the last years, most developed and emerging nations have established bioeconomy agendas where genomics plays a major role to meet their local needs. Genomic medicine is one of the most visible areas where genomics innovation is likely to contribute to a more individualized, predictive, and preventive medical practice. Examples in agriculture, dairy and beef, fishery, aquaculture, and forests industries include the effective selection of genetic variants associated to traits of economic value. Some, in addition to producing more and better foods, already represent an important increase in revenues to their respective industries. It is reasonable to predict that genomics applications will lead to a paradigm shift in our ability to ease significant health, economic, and social burdens. However, to successfully benefit from genomics innovations, it is imperative to address a number of hurdles related to generating robust scientific evidence, developing lower-cost sequencing technologies, effective bioinformatics, as well as sensitive ethical, economical, environmental, legal, and social aspects associated with the development and use of genomics innovations.

  17. Relationship between eco-innovations and the impact on business performance: an empirical survey research on the Brazilian textile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinicius de Oliveira Brasil

    Full Text Available Abstract This study draws from the resource-based theory and investigates the interrelationships between three types of eco-innovation (process, product, organizational and their impact on business performance. Using a structural equation design with 70 samples collected from textile industry, research results show that business performance is affected by product and organizational eco-innovations. The process and product eco-innovations significantly influence the effects of organizational eco-innovation, and there are connections between process and product eco-innovations. Research reveals that each type of eco-innovation has its own attributes, determinants, and contributions to business performance. Study on the textile sector broadens the discussion of interdependence and co-evolutionary relationships among different types of eco-innovation and demonstrates that the development of efficient innovation programs requires a holistic view and organizational and technological capabilities.

  18. One size does not fit all - understanding the front-end and back-ens of business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Günzel, Franziska; Holm, Anna B.

    2013-01-01

    understanding of the business model innovation process by drawing on existing knowledge from new product development literature and examining the front-end and the back-end of business model innovation of three leading Danish newspapers. We studied how changes introduced during the development of digital news...... of organizational learning when incumbents are faced with disruptive technologies....

  19. Catalysts for Change: The Role of Small Business Funders in the Creation and Dissemination of Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shic, Frederick; Smith, Daniel; Horsburgh, Brian; Hollander, Eric; Rehg, James M; Goodwin, Matthew

    2015-12-01

    A gap exists between the expanding space of technological innovations to aid those affected by autism spectrum disorders, and the actual impact of those technologies on daily lives. This gap can be addressed through a very practical path of commercialization. However, the path from a technological innovation to a commercially viable product is fraught with challenges. These challenges can be mitigated through small business funding agencies, which are, more and more, catalyzing the dissemination of innovation by fostering social entrepreneurship through capital support and venture philanthropy. This letter describes the differences and nature of these agencies, and their importance in facilitating the translational and real-world impact of technological and scientific discoveries.

  20. Managing Innovation and Business Development Using Enterprise Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Bækgaard, Lars

    2011-01-01

    Companies are traditionally facing constant challenges in prioritization and management of technology between short and long term. Competing technologies, market demands, supplier push, scarcity of resources, adequacy of skills, and shifting management priorities all affect potential outcome...... of well planned technological changes. Management of technology (MOT) addresses identification, selection, (long term) planning, designing, implementation and operation of technology based business development. Information Technology (IT) is a key enabler for a vast range of contemporary corporate...... technologies. In management of IT, it has become increasingly popular to use Enterprise Architecture (EA) as a method and supported by a series of formal frameworks. EA maps artifacts and motives against the business strategy. In this paper, MOT and EA are reviewed for their mutual potentials and issues. Two...

  1. How Firms Can Get Ideas from Users for Sustainable Business Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanwoo Cho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of user information and user participation for seeking business opportunities has been widely acknowledged in a variety of industries. Therefore, this study aims to suggest a typology for user innovation models as a strategy for sustainable development and to investigate the characteristics of different types user innovation to encourage and support improved utilization of user innovation in firms. For this purpose, we began by collecting 435 relevant papers from the most-cited academic journals. Then, we developed a typology of user innovation models, which consist of four types including workshop-based, consortium-based, crowdsourcing-based and platform-based, and we investigated the characteristics of the suggested types in terms of applications and research trends. The analysis results reveal that each type has different characteristics and that there exist some research gaps in the user innovation field. Our results are expected to foster understanding of user innovation for guiding sustainable business development and provide useful information for both researchers and innovation mangers.

  2. Experiential Learning Laboratories in Business Schools: The WD-40® for Curriculum Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boroff, Karen E.; Riley, Elven

    2012-01-01

    The authors present a case analysis of how a business school brought about curriculum innovation. The school used something borrowed, specifically experiential learning laboratories, and something new to attain measureable curriculum change, with only modest investments. The authors urge that the nimbleness of a medium-size school committed to…

  3. Small business innovation research. Abstracts of completed 1987 phase 1 projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Non-proprietary summaries of Phase 1 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects supported by NASA in the 1987 program year are given. Work in the areas of aeronautical propulsion, aerodynamics, acoustics, aircraft systems, materials and structures, teleoperators and robotics, computer sciences, information systems, spacecraft systems, spacecraft power supplies, spacecraft propulsion, bioastronautics, satellite communication, and space processing are covered.

  4. From productivity strategy to business case : Choosing a cost-effective intervention for workplace innovations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeij, P.R.A.; Looze, M.P. de; Have, K. ten; Rhijn, J.W. van; Graaf, H.A.L.M. de

    2012-01-01

    The article presents an approach to developing cost-effective interventions for workplace innovations for entrepreneurs who seek to enhance the productivity of an organization. The business case method is used to extend the Q4-model of productivity, which supports developing a productivity strategy

  5. Servitization: Disentangling the impact of service business model innovation on manufacturing firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visnjic Kastalli, I.; Looy, van B.E.J.

    2013-01-01

    As manufacturing businesses operate in an ever more competitive, global economy where products are easily commoditized, innovating by adding services to the core product offering has become a popular strategy. Contrary to the economic benefits expected, recent findings pinpoint implementation hurdle

  6. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Abstracts of Phase I Awards 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-16

    DISPLACING AGENT CAN BE RECOVERED AND REUSED BY MEANS OF A COLD TRAP. INDUSTRIAL QUALITY, INC. NAVY $ 49,9900 9832 CANAL ROAD, P. 0. BOX 2397 GAITHERSBURG, MD...APPROACH IS BASED UPON PROVEN TECHNOLOGY FOR TREATMENT OF HUMAN WASTE, DOMESTIC GREYWATER SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH (SBIR) PROGRAM - PHASE I

  7. Business Incubation as an Instrument of Innovation: The Experience of South America and the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haven Allahar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the experience of business incubation as an innovative developmental instrument based on the recent experience of the South American countries of Brazil and Chile and the Caribbean island nation of Trinidad and Tobago. A qualitative research method was adopted involving a review of published reports, journal articles and relevant case studies; and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with incubator managerial staff. The major findings are that there are great similarities among the incubators studied in terms of their links to universities, services offered, and funding challenges, but there is growing acceptance of incubation as a potentially valid tool for promoting business development and innovation although most incubators are at the early stage. The paper is original because the case study application to incubation in Trinidad and Tobago is new with only one related article published, and this study therefore adds value to the body of research because business incubation has been under-researched in the study area. The research is limited to the extent that the case study focuses on a comparison of selected incubator features and did not include the views of clients. The practical implications of this study is that sponsors of incubators and managers need to obtain a deeper understanding of the incubation ecosystem especially with regard to innovation-based incubators, if successful innovative businesses are to emerge. The results of the study can also be generalized over the small island developing states of the Caribbean.

  8. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Volume 2. Navy Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards, 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    DYNAMICS, INCLUDING AUTOPILOT , AND AN ADEQUATE SIMULATED TERRAIN IMAGE FOR VEHICLES WITH ON-BOARD SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH (SBIR) PROGRAM...ELECTRONICS DOES NOT EXCEED A FRACTION OF A VOLT, NOT LIKELY IF THE RATE OF CHANGE OF AXIAL FLUX DENSITY IS LESS THAN 2.5 TESLA /SEC. A UNIQUE

  9. Innovative Improvement and Intensification of Business Relationships Supported by Cooperative Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vančová, Viera; Čambál, Miloš; Cagáňová, Dagmar

    2012-12-01

    Nowadays, the opportunity for companies to be involved in cluster initiatives and international business associations is a major factor that contributes to the increase of their innovative potential. Companies organized in technological clusters have greater access to mutual business contacts, faster information transfer and deployment of advanced technologies. These companies cooperate more frequently with universities and research - development institutions on innovative projects. An important benefit of cluster associations is that they create a suitable environment for innovation and the transfer of knowledge by means of international cooperation and networking. This supportive environment is not easy to access for different small and mediumsized companies, who are not members of any clusters or networks. Supplier-customer business channels expand by means of transnational networks and exchanges of experience. Knowledge potential is broadened and joint innovative projects are developed. Reflecting the growing importance of clusters as driving forces of economic and regional development, a number of cluster policies and initiatives have emerged in the last few decades, oriented to encourage the establishment of new clusters, to support existing clusters, or to assist the development of transnational cooperation. To achieve the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy, European countries should have an interest in building strong clusters and developing cluster cooperation by sharing specialized research infrastructures and testing facilities and facilitating knowledge transfer for crossborder cooperation. This requires developing a long term joint strategy in order to facilitate the development of open global clusters and innovative small and medium entrepreneurs.

  10. A call for the need to incorporate enterprise risk management as part of the overall business model innovation process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Relative to, for example, radical product innovation process, little isknown about business model innovation, let alone the process of managingthe risks involved in that process. Using the emerging Enterprise RiskManagement (ERM) literature, an approach is proposed through whichrisk management can...... be embedded in the business model innovationprocess. The integrated risk management/business model innovationprocess model has been tested through an action research study in aDanish company. The results are promising and warrant continuation ofthe development of that model....

  11. Effect of different ratios of bioplastic to newspaper pulp fibres on the weight loss of bioplastic pot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang Chiang Liew

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, industry is searching for an alternative to reduce the usage of petroleum-based non-degradable conventional seedling plant pots. In this study, three different types of bioplastic pots incorporated with newspaper pulp fibres (the ratio of B75%:N25%, B50%:N50% and B25%:N75% denotes percentage of bioplastic to percentage of newspaper pulp fibres were produced while B0%:N100% acted as the control. All cylinder square shape moulded bioplastic pots with 100 mm height and 2 mm thickness were planted with Leucaena leucocephala seedlings for 60 days in two ground levels (below ground and above ground. Weight loss for bioplastic pots was evaluated. Results showed that bioplastic pots tested below ground had a higher percentage of weight loss than those planted above ground. For percentage of weight loss of bioplastic pots, most bioplastic pots that were tested in both ground levels only showed a significant difference at p ⩽ 0.05 after 30 days. Bioplastic pots B75%:N25% that were tested below ground have the highest percentage of weight loss with 77.93%. As conclusion, B50%:N50% is the most suitable ratio for the production of bioplastic pot.

  12. 77 FR 23228 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program-Phase II...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Public Law 106-554, the ``Small Business Reauthorization Act of 2000, H.R. 5667'' enacted on December 21... Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase II--Grant Application Package SUMMARY: This application package invites small business concerns to submit a Phase...

  13. 77 FR 23229 - Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program-Phase I-Grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Law 106- 554, the ``Small Business Reauthorization Act of ] 2000, H.R. 5667'' enacted on December 21... Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase I--Grant Application Package SUMMARY: This application package invites small business concerns to submit a Phase I...

  14. Contextual variables of open innovation paradigm in the business environment of Slovenian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Krapež

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the current condition of Slovenian business environment and its support to open innovation. By carrying out qualitative empirical research, we investigate to what extent determinants from internal, narrower and broader external business environment influence open innovation in Slovenian companies. Several support mechanisms were established to create friendlier environment for open innovation. Our study indicates that if Slovenia wants to be successful on the long run, supportive environment cannot and should not be based solely on government financial support, but must also contain other elements that affect technological development, meaning: 1 organizational culture, values, reward system; 2 legislation; 3 tax and social contributions; 4 bureaucratic barriers; 5 human resources; and 6 favorable bank loans, bank guarantees, venture capital, etc. The paper concludes with implications for managers and policy makers, outlining several promising areas for future research.

  15. The complex of measures on inclusion of small businesses in innovation clusters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Kupchinsky

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Modern practice of managing and its display in scientific publications demonstrate that development of world economy with all evidence proves the major role and the importance of sector of small business structures in national economy. In the modern world the national economy in many respects began to be determined by the balanced and sustainable development of the small business structures recognized now as conductors and creators of new opening and technologies, moreover, as the strategic instrument of the structural transformations of a modern economic system of the country often directed to high-quality increase in efficiency of reproduction process of regional economy. Now in Russia the level of development of an innovative entrepreneurship is very low. It is possible to state lack of properly created institutional environment for development of a small entrepreneurship in the innovative sphere. Clasterisation represents process of consolidation of a number of the organizations of various industries for increase in competitiveness, implementation of innovations, effective development and receipt of other benefits. According to separation of economy on real and virtual, the possibility of creation of both real, and virtual clusters increases. Creation and development of regional clusters will help to create the necessary level of activity of small business structures in innovative activities that will favorably affect increase in competitiveness of both regional, and national economy. The package of measures including measures for involvement of small business structures in clusters is developed for development of a cluster initiative and increase in innovative development of the region. Application of this program will allow to reach synergy effect at the expense of high degree of concentration and cooperation of small business structures and increase in effectiveness of their activities.

  16. BUSINESS SIMULATIONS AS A COMPONENT OF AN INNOVATIVE MODEL OF MODERN ECONOMIC EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oktay Aliyev

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In the article there has substantiated the author’s research viewpoint on understanding the essence of the notions of «innovation», «innovative model of development», specified the role and importance of innovation development of modern economic education in Ukraine as an important factor of economic socialization of people, as a powerful factor in improving the quality of human capital. Methods: In the article there has been used the method of terminological analysis to determine the essential content of the notions «innovation», «innovative model of development», «business simulation in higher economic education»; the observational methods (incorporated and indirect surveillance to typify the experience of training of future specialists in Economics in higher domestic economic institutions, including the Academician Yuriy Bugay International Scientific and Technical University (MNTU. Results: The author suggested the definition of essence of the meaning of the notion «business simulation in higher economic education» being an innovative computer programs that simulate the real economic environment and enable the future professionals in the sphere of economy to acquire knowledge and skills in doing entrepreneurship and business so that they could practically apply them in both the process of virtual learning and in the real professional activity. The performed in article examination of the experience of training of future specialists majoring in Economics in the domestic tertiary economic institutions, including the Academician Yuriy Bugay International Scientific and Technical University (MNTU, enabled the author to rationalize the actuality of introducing business simulations in the educational process of higher economic establishments. According to the author’s opinion, the introduction of online programs in the educational process of higher educational institutions of Ukraine enables not only the creation of highly

  17. NASA's Management and Utilization of the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexcur, Winfield Paul

    2003-01-01

    The United Space Congress established the SBIR program in 1982 for the following purposes: ( 1) Stimulate technological innovation (2) Increase private-sector commercialization derived from federal R&D (3) Use small business to meet federal R&D needs (4) Foster and encourage participation by disadvantaged persons and women in technological innovation The STTR program was established in 1992 with the additional requirement of having a small business partner with a research institution (usually a university) for the purpose of transferring intellectual property from the research institution to the small business concern for enabling a government technical need and furthering the technological development for the purpose of developing commercial products. The government of Japan has established a program that models portions of the U.S. SBIR and STTR programs. They are very interested in how NASA has been so successful in fulfilling the Congressional objectives of these programs. In particular, they want to understand the management practices and incentives that are provided to enable partnerships between business enterprises, academia and government. The speech will also focus on some of the many successful technologies (on a conceptual level) that have been developed through NASA s SBIR and STTR programs and mechanisms used to promote cooperation between small businesses, large businesses, academia and government agencies within the United States. The speech is on a conceptual level, focusing on U.S. and NASA policies and management implementation practices. No enabling technical discussion will be held.

  18. In-memory databases and innovations in Business Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruxandra BABEANU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The large amount of data that companies are dealing with, day by day, is a big challenge for the traditional BI systems and databases. A significant part of this data is usually wasted because the companies do not own the appropriate capacity to process it. In the actual competitive environment, this lost data could point up valuable information if it was analyzed and put in the right context. In these circumstances, in-memory databases seem to be the solution. This innovative technology combined with specialized BI solutions offers high performance and satisfaction to users and comes up with new data modeling and processing options.

  19. Microalgae as bioreactors for bioplastic production

    OpenAIRE

    Steinbüchel Alexander; Linne Uwe; Zauner Stefan; Klingl Andreas; Lindenkamp Nicole; Bozarth Andrew S; Hempel Franziska; Maier Uwe G

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a polyester with thermoplastic properties that is naturally occurring and produced by such bacteria as Ralstonia eutropha H16 and Bacillus megaterium. In contrast to currently utilized plastics and most synthetic polymers, PHB is biodegradable, and its production is not dependent on fossil resources making this bioplastic interesting for various industrial applications. Results In this study, we report on introducing the bacterial PHB pathwa...

  20. [New bioplastic materials for reconstructive surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lekishvili, M V; Panasiuk, A F

    2008-01-01

    Results of creation and clinical application of bioplastic materials using specimens from the tissue bank of the Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics are presented. The use of materials of the new generation, such as perfoost, alomatrix-implant, and osteomatrix, is illustrated by examples of the treatment of various bone diseases. High biocompatibility and efficiency, osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties of these materials are reported. Technical developments in modern bioimplantology are analysed with reference to their status in the Institute's tissue bank.

  1. Dictionaries in the Internet Era: Innovation or Business as Usual?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarp, Sven

    2014-01-01

    This article is the written version of the Enrique Alcaraz Annual Memorial Lecture, given by the author at the University of Alicante on March 26, 2014. After a brief overview of the past and present of lexicography, it presents some of the challenges and paradoxes facing the discipline in the cu......This article is the written version of the Enrique Alcaraz Annual Memorial Lecture, given by the author at the University of Alicante on March 26, 2014. After a brief overview of the past and present of lexicography, it presents some of the challenges and paradoxes facing the discipline...... and techniques which can be applied to improve the quality of present and future online dictionaries. Finally, it presents the main concept of an online business dictionary under construction where some of these principles, methods and techniques are used in order to adapt the articles visualised on the screen...

  2. 77 FR 28520 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ... by multiple venture capital operating companies, private equity firms or hedge funds. DATES: You must... provisions relating to businesses majority-owned by venture capital operating companies (VCOCs), hedge funds.... Department of Labor's definition for venture capital investment set forth in 29 CFR...

  3. Strategic Innovation for Business Performance: The Art and Science of Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold Schroeder

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Despite the well-documented association between innovation and business performance, many organizations struggle in their attempts to become successful innovators. This article discusses a recommended “art and science of transformation” approach to help companies improve their innovation performance through effective organizational change. The approach is focused on four key factors: culture, collaboration, strategy, and systems. Examples are drawn from a review of previous research to demonstrate successful innovation practice using similar approaches, and examples of less successful practice are included to highlight ways in which an "art and science" approach can help overcome the difficulties often faced. The article concludes with some practical, step-by-step guidance based on the art and science of transformation framework.

  4. Supply Chain Finance in China: Business Innovation and Theory Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Liu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Supply chain finance (SCF is concerned with the capital flows within a supply chain, an area often neglected in past decades, while SCF does have an impact on a firm’s capability to adopt sustainable supply chain management (SCM practices. The aim of this study is to explore new insight from a growing body of research which is investigating SCF issues in China, an evolving transition economy. A content analysis on a review of 151 Chinese-written SCF papers from 2004–2014, based on a sample of 45 leading Chinese journals (Chinese Social Science Citation Index, CSSCI was conducted from three perspectives: topical coverage, theoretical application and methodological inquiry. The study reveals that the research stream of SCF in China has emerged and evolved to a considerable extent. However, the SCF phenomenon in China is not exactly the same as “SCF” as it is perceived in the mature economy, which is articulated in mainstream SCM English literature. The Chinese business context in which SCF has been implemented has played a dominant role in initiating, affecting and even shaping SCF. This study represents the first endeavor in the field of SCM. It diffuses the Chinese-written SCF research in mainstream SCM English literature.

  5. Innovation and new technologies – pillars for a business sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paperwork approach the topic of sustainability as an essential condition for business survival on any market. In this context, the question is if companies are actively integrating sustainability principles into their businesses. The objective for this paper is to present how much innovation and new technologies help companies on their path to achieving sustainability and what could be done more in this direction. The paper aim is realised based on the results of a marketing research conducted among Romanian companies from different industries.

  6. Social Business and big business: innovative, promising solutions to overcome poverty?

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Yunus; Thierry Sibieude; Eric Lesueur

    2012-01-01

    Do big businesses have to play a role on their own in poverty alleviation? And if so, what are the means of action they are able and eager to implement? For decades, eradicating poverty has been a challenge tackled by public interventions, international development organizations, NGOs. Since the question raised about corporate responsibility, there have been more and more integrated initiatives aiming at reducing social and environmental negative impact of a company. Some are convinced there ...

  7. Utilisation of Business Advice in Small Innovative Firms: the Role of Trust and Tacit Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Łobacz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this paper is to expand the understanding of the influence of trust relationship, as well as tacit knowledge on the process of business advice utilisation in small innovative firms. Research Design & Methods: The  analysis  is  based  on  empirical  research  conducted with the use of the explorative approach. The multiple case study methodology was used. Findings: Trust relationships as well as tacit knowledge were identified as factors essential to the process of utilisation of business advice in small innovative firms. It was recognised that the significance of both factors is related not only to the process of advice, but also as a purpose of activities happening prior to advice. They are referred to as the initial phase. Implications & Recommendations: The  findings  provide  implications  for  further  research of the structure of the process of business advice utilisation. It is related to the inclusion of the “initial phase”, as well as to the  necessity to include both factors in further research. The paper also provides implicationsrelated to the measurement of business advice output, and recommendations on the construction of public policy instruments. Contribution & Value Added: The originality of this work lies in using the process perspective and qualitative methodology in the field of the utilisation of business advice. It extends our understanding of the processes of business advice with regard to trust, as well as the use of tacit knowledge. The original contribution is to add the “initial phase” to the description of the business advice process.

  8. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 2. Navy Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards. 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    TRAINING. DELFIN SYSTEMS 1349 MOFFETT PARK DR 78 SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH PROGRAM - PHASE I NAVY Solicitation 90.1 SUNNYVALE, CA 94089 Program...MACHINE-INTERFACES (MMI). IMPLEMENTED MMI DESIGN SHOULD REFLECT HOW THE OPERATOR ACTUALLY USES AND INTERACTS WITH THE MACHINE. DELFIN WILL ANALYZE AND...DESIGN A GENERIC EXPERT SYSTEM MMI USEFUL IN ANY DEPLOYED ESM SYSTEM. DELFIN WILL GENERICALLY DEFINE CRYPTOLOGIC SYSTEMM USE AND TECHNICAL

  9. Managing IT for Business Innovation: Issues of Culture, Learning, and Leadership in a Jamaican Insurance Company

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    The recent major changes in the general insurance sector have significantly increased the need for the development and use of IT for business innovation. This paper uses the case study method to explore how a Jamaican general insurance company responded to these pressures by establishing a cross-cultural joint venture for IT development. The research was guided at the meta-level by the principles of structuration theory, but explicitly uses the more familiar perspectives of culture, learning,...

  10. Analysing stratified medicine business models and value systems: innovation-regulation interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittra, James; Tait, Joyce

    2012-09-15

    Stratified medicine offers both opportunities and challenges to the conventional business models that drive pharmaceutical R&D. Given the increasingly unsustainable blockbuster model of drug development, due in part to maturing product pipelines, alongside increasing demands from regulators, healthcare providers and patients for higher standards of safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of new therapies, stratified medicine promises a range of benefits to pharmaceutical and diagnostic firms as well as healthcare providers and patients. However, the transition from 'blockbusters' to what might now be termed 'niche-busters' will require the adoption of new, innovative business models, the identification of different and perhaps novel types of value along the R&D pathway, and a smarter approach to regulation to facilitate innovation in this area. In this paper we apply the Innogen Centre's interdisciplinary ALSIS methodology, which we have developed for the analysis of life science innovation systems in contexts where the value creation process is lengthy, expensive and highly uncertain, to this emerging field of stratified medicine. In doing so, we consider the complex collaboration, timing, coordination and regulatory interactions that shape business models, value chains and value systems relevant to stratified medicine. More specifically, we explore in some depth two convergence models for co-development of a therapy and diagnostic before market authorisation, highlighting the regulatory requirements and policy initiatives within the broader value system environment that have a key role in determining the probable success and sustainability of these models.

  11. Tasks of institutional support to increase innovation activity of small business in the region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Aleksandrovich Bayev

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The reasons for the low innovation activity of Russian small enterprises are presented in the article from the standpoint of institutional theory. According to the authors, today the degree of influence of the institutional environment on meso- and mini-levels, as well as informal rules for the development of small forms of entrepreneurship, including their innovative activity are underestimated. The influence of informal component of mini-level institutional environment on the implementation of formal institutions in the examples of the phenomenon of «Old Believers» Entrepreneurship and institutions of the shadow economy is shown. The authors suggest that the shadow nature existing in Russia on mini-level informal institutions to be explained not only by the low level of trust in society (including trust in authority and leadership and the differences between the national mentality, but also inadequate distribution of transaction costs of doing business (including innovation between economic agents. Features of the institutional system of Russia  as well as transaction costs of the domestic system of patenting inventions  are investigated as the key causes of the problem. Methodological principles of institutional support of small innovative businesses are presented.

  12. Advisory Functions of Selected Polish Business Institutions in the Innovation Process in Enterprises – Research Conclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna KUROWSKA-PYSZ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains an analysis of innovation processes in enterprises, from the perspective of demand for knowledge, which companies increasingly obtain from business environment. This requires a discernment of valuable partners in the environment, who will provide professional transfer of knowledge to the company. Therefore, knowledge has become a product, and Polish universities and specialized, commercial knowledge providers are competing for the customer on the knowledge market. While knowledge transfer to companies is a secondary activity for Polish universities, specialized, commercial knowledge suppliers are making an effort of acquiring as much orders as possible. Therefore a natural competition between these two types of entities arises. In this paper the Author examines possibilities of supporting innovation-oriented enterprises by Polish universities and commercial providers of knowledge and formulates terms and conditions which will make cooperation between these two groups of entities possible, so as to transform the competition into cooperation, beneficial for both sides, and support innovative processes in enterprises.

  13. 48 CFR 252.227-7018 - Rights in noncommercial technical data and computer software-Small Business Innovation Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Clauses 252.227-7018 Rights in noncommercial technical data and computer software—Small Business... the Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovative Research... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rights in...

  14. Internationalisation of construction business and e-commerce: Innovation, integration and dynamic capabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thayaparan Gajendran

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the role of internet and web based applications in delivering competitive advantage through e-business process is widely acknowledged, little is done by way of research to use the dynamic capability framework, in exploring the role of ecommerce in the construction business internationalisation. The aim of this paper is to present a literature based theoretical exploration using dynamic capability view to discuss internationalising construction businesses through electronic commerce (e-commerce platforms. This paper contextualises the opportunities for internationalising construction, using a mix of supply chain paradigms, embedded with e-commerce platforms. The paper concludes by identifying the potential of dynamic capabilities of a firm, exploiting the innovation and integration potential of different e-business systems, in contributing to the internationalisation of construction businesses. It proposes that contracting firms with developed dynamic capabilities, has the potential to exploit e-commerce platforms to channel upstream activities to an international destination, and also offers the firm’s products/services to international markets.

  15. Microalgae as bioreactors for bioplastic production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinbüchel Alexander

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB is a polyester with thermoplastic properties that is naturally occurring and produced by such bacteria as Ralstonia eutropha H16 and Bacillus megaterium. In contrast to currently utilized plastics and most synthetic polymers, PHB is biodegradable, and its production is not dependent on fossil resources making this bioplastic interesting for various industrial applications. Results In this study, we report on introducing the bacterial PHB pathway of R. eutropha H16 into the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum, thereby demonstrating for the first time that PHB production is feasible in a microalgal system. Expression of the bacterial enzymes was sufficient to result in PHB levels of up to 10.6% of algal dry weight. The bioplastic accumulated in granule-like structures in the cytosol of the cells, as shown by light and electron microscopy. Conclusions Our studies demonstrate the great potential of microalgae like the diatom P. tricornutum to serve as solar-powered expression factories and reveal great advantages compared to plant based production systems.

  16. Effect of different ratios of bioplastic to newspaper pulp fibres on the weight loss of bioplastic pot

    OpenAIRE

    Kang Chiang Liew; Lian Kim Khor

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, industry is searching for an alternative to reduce the usage of petroleum-based non-degradable conventional seedling plant pots. In this study, three different types of bioplastic pots incorporated with newspaper pulp fibres (the ratio of B75%:N25%, B50%:N50% and B25%:N75% denotes percentage of bioplastic to percentage of newspaper pulp fibres) were produced while B0%:N100% acted as the control. All cylinder square shape moulded bioplastic pots with 100 mm height and 2 mm thickness ...

  17. Study on The Development of The Group-Buying:A Secondary Business-Model Innovation Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xia; Yiwei

    2011-01-01

    Groupon group-buying business model promotes the development of e-commerce market in China.This group-buying model has obvious advantages.But it can be easily copied.There are thousands of group-buying websites,which are as much popular as Web 2.0and SNS entered China a few years ago.Although group-buying has been domestic only more than a year,it developed fast which has gradually changed the lifestyle of consumers and become a living habit.Therefore,it has great significance to study on the group-buying in the pattern of localization.We try to analyze the phenomena of local group-buying in Chinese market from business model innovation perspective,which has the impact on their competitive performance.We find that local group-buying sites get success through business model innovation.They clearly put forward the appropriate value proposition to attract customersattention with low-cost feature for specific target consumer groups.Moreover,they take advantage of their unique resources,integration of complementary assets to enhance the value of network systems.Thus,these latecomer e-commerce firms seize the opportunity to grow in emerging economies and have won a huge customer base.

  18. Revelatory aspects when innovating the “as – is” business model – actualizing hidden knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe; Lindgren, Peter

    This paper combines the area of innovation of business models (BM) and revelation. It explains the importance of discovering ones current, “as is” BM in relation to actualization of the company’s hidden knowledge and potential. The biblical revelations concern truly seeing, knowing and experience...... this as creating profound and meaningful relations (Pattison 2005;Tillich 1951). When one discovers the “as is” BM‘s potentials, it is revelatory in the sense that one is able to discover new potential relations and relate these to one’s future - “to be” business model. This is a participative act of knowing...... in line with Polanyi’s focus on practice related to knowing and also addressed directly by (Spender 2009a;Sveiby 2001;Weick 1996) or indirectly by (Roos et al. 2005). For the innovation leader of a company our empirical findings show that the discovering of one’s current business (model)’s “as is” seems...

  19. Grassroots Innovations to Techno-Entrepreneurship through GIAN – Technology Business Incubator in India: A Case Study of Nature Technocrats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemantkumar P. Bulsara

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Entrepreneurship is the solution to solve a problem of unemployment in any economy. Normally, we think of Technology innovations, we think of Engineers from top Technology Institutions. But innovations may also come from Grassroots people. This paper gives the Case study of Nature Technocrats – small business firm of Arvindbhai who has been supported by GIAN (Grassroots Innovations Augmentation Network, Technology Business Incubator for Grassroots Innovations in India. In India, there are many Technology Business Incubation centers but approach of GIAN is unique as it supports Grassroots innovators. This paper has come out of a larger study with Research design: Multiple Embedded Descriptive Case Study. The process of GIAN with unique mechanism of commercializing the Grassroots innovations is described. The problems in this area are also described. This case study may inspire other agencies in India or other countries too for working in the area of Grassroots innovations to Techno-entrepreneurship.   Keywords: Grassroots innovations; Technology innovations; Techno-Entrepreneurship; GIAN; Technology Transfer.

  20. Bioplastic op bestelling : grondstoffen kunnen steeds opnieuw worden geoogst

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Didde, R.; Bolck, C.H.

    2014-01-01

    Bioplastics hebben de wind in de rug. Steeds meer bedrijven overwegen hun producten te maken van kunststoffen met een plantaardige oorsprong. Christiaan Bolck van Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research helpt ze aan de juiste receptuur.

  1. Cities as Platforms for Co-creating Experience-based Business and Social Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz; Tsakarestou, Betty

    to address societies’ challenges remains a concern for governments, cities, businesses and social innovators. These solutions emerge out of changes in technologies, advancement of knowledge as well as of the emerging model of the collaborative and sharing economy and networked peer local and global...... and business model as it was preparing its local launch in Athens; by working with challenges of branding Athens and using storytelling about Athens, and by testing the launch of the corporate university lab of Korres, a Greek skincare brand that has scaled up internationally. Given the different approaches...... to the notion of the co-creation of experience, we discuss the results of those co-creation sessions in terms of (a) the methodology applied, the participants’ experience of collaboratively solving a problem connected with a solution-space, (c) the lessons learned from the cases about emerging into a shared...

  2. Business incubation in a university as a key condition for the formation of innovational micro entrepreneurship in a region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoliy Viktorovich Grebenkin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper substantiates the hypothesis of the special role of universities in creating an environment of innovational micro entrepreneurship in a region. The role of business incubators is allocated; the algorithm for selecting projects is described. The results of a three-year organizational and economic experiment (with the changing conditions on the functioning of the student business incubator in the Ural State University are shown. Various models of the selection of ideas and projects for different cycles of incubation areimplemented. A decision on theestablishment of the Entrepreneurship Center in theInstitute of Management and Entrepreneurship is made. The Center’s main task is to form a series of events to support continuous generation of students’ business ideas, finding resonant response with the University experts and representatives of business environment in the region. A student in the business incubation system plays a new role for a Russian university — a role of a catalyst, i.e., directly acts as an element of positive feedback in the innovational system. It is shown that the catalytic path of the establishment and development of small high-tech business — Science to Business (StB — leads to the phenomenon of resonance, i.e., sustainable innovation flow generated by the business incubator of the University. The poll of the USU students in 2009-2011 (a sample from 660 to 854 respondents confirmed their positive attitude towards entrepreneurship and allowed to estimate the structure of the factors that hamper to increase student participation in the innovational business. Three blocks of factors were identified: the reluctance to take risks, inaccessibility of material and financial resources and the turbulence of the environment. A system of monitoring students' attitudes towards entrepreneurship, which allows adjusting the curriculum and creating institutional conditions for activation of innovative entrepreneurship

  3. A mini-midwifery business institute in a midwifery professional roles course: an innovative teaching strategy for successful career planning and business management of practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jesse, D Elizabeth; Dewees, Connie; McDowell, William C

    2015-01-01

    It is essential to include teaching strategies in midwifery education that address career planning and the business aspects of practice. This article presents the Mini-Midwifery Business Institute (M-MBI), an innovative teaching strategy for midwives that can also be applied to other advanced practice professions. The M-MBI can be integrated into a professional roles course. Before and after graduation, midwifery students and other advanced practice professionals can use the information to gain confidence and skills for successful career planning and the business management of practice.

  4. A Business intelligence tool for studying value co-creation and innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanev, Stoyan; Ruskov, Petko; Georgiev, Lachezar

    2011-01-01

    Value co-creation is an emerging marketing and innovation paradigm describing a broader opening of the firm to its customers by providing them with the opportunity to become active participants in the design and development of personalized products, services and experiences. However, there is not......Value co-creation is an emerging marketing and innovation paradigm describing a broader opening of the firm to its customers by providing them with the opportunity to become active participants in the design and development of personalized products, services and experiences. However......, there is not yet a fully satisfactory theoretical vision about its distinctive characteristics as compared to more traditional value creation approaches. One of the challenges in studying value co-creation is the lack of business intelligence (BI) tools that can be used in the conceptualization of value co...

  5. The Impact of Research and Development for Business Innovations in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalia Streimikiene

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to assess the impact of research and development on innovativeness of the country as research and development is one of the main drivers of economic development and creation of modern knowledge based economy stipulating efficient use of natural resources and reducing negative impact on environment. The paper analyzes the main Lithuanian policy documents aiming at promotion of knowledge economy, innovations and research and development and financing of research, technological development and innovation. The programmes aiming at modernization of enterprises and trends of sustainable industrial development in Lithuania are critically reviewed. The Summary Innovation Index (SII of Lithuania was applied to assess the impact of implementing policies promoting research and development in Lithuania. The analysis indicated that one of the main factors determining the relatively low Lithuanian SII is the insufficient level of investment in research and development (R&D. While R&D expenditure in the general government and higher education sectors corresponds to the EU average, it remains low in the business sector.

  6. Breaking the Paradox of Innovation in Small Businesses through Sustaining and Disruptive Reinvention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicki Baard

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In 2005 Deloitte Research released a paper examining the phenomenon they refer to asthe ‘innovation paradox’: the inability or reluctance of manufacturing firms to pursuestrategies that build the operational capabilities necessary for innovation that willprovide both profitability and growth. The report claims that this is due to the rapidlyincreasing complexity of global markets and the lack of synchronising innovation effortsacross their value chain, thus positioning the problem as an important contemporaryissue. While the research did not specifically target small and medium enterprises, theimplications for this business sector are considerable given their substantial contributionto global economies and their high failure rates in the first three to five years ofoperation. While not questioning the data in the Deloitte research, this paper doesquestion the assumption that the phenomenon is irreversible and the apparentunderlying self-fulfilling prophecy with respect to small to medium enterprises. Todemonstrate this the authors draw on a case study of a small manufacturing company inrural New South Wales, Australia, which operated between 1889 and 1983, to show thatthe breaking of the innovation paradox was successfully achieved by this firm in the latenineteenth and early twentieth century. Applying the case study to the Deloitte modelthe study demonstrates contemporary similarities by overlaying the Laycock history onthe successes / failures identified by Deloitte.

  7. Characterization and modification of selected bioplastics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Liqing

    Bioplastics are becoming increasingly prominent mainly due to the growing environmental pollutions caused by non-biodegradable plastics. Polyhydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV), the major copolymer of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) family, was biosynthesized (by mixed microbial culture fed with fermented diary manure) and characterized. The monomeric composition (HV% ~ 40%) was determined by GC-MS and NMR. ESI-MSn and NMR analyses showed these PHBVs had random co-monomeric sequence distribution; meantime, they showed characteristic properties (crystallinity, single melting, and tensile properties) as studied by DSC and DMA. The homopolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), usually shows interesting properties such as high crystallinity and multiple melting behaviors. The effect of thermal history, such as crystallization (isothermal (temepratures = 80 to 140 °C) and nonisothermal (cooling rates = 2 to 50 °C/min)) and melting (heating rates = 5 to 50 °C/min), on the multiple melting behavior of PHB has been studied using conventional and temperature modulated DSC (TMDSC) techniques. Results showed PHB multiple melting was ascribed to the melting-recrystallization-remelting mechanism and its crystallization kinetics varied with crystallization temperatures and cooling rates. The brittleness and poor melt strength properties of the bioplastics PHB and poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) were imporved by two strategies: (i) to modify polymer structures by cross-linking, (ii) to introduce an external component by grafting, which were initiated by dicumyl peroxide (DCP) via reactive extrusion, have been developed. In method (i), rheological measurements showed cross-linked PHB and PLLA (0.25 to 1 wt% DCP) separately had higher melting strength than their linear polymers due to the formation of long chain branching. Their brittleness was reduced because smaller crystal sizes were observed by hot-stage polarized microscope (HS-POM), meanwhile the reduction of crystallinity was

  8. Forming and development of the regional innovational structures as the new paradigm of cooperation between educational institutions and business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlo Dudkin

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available . This article deals with the important scientific-practical problem – justification theoretic-methodological and applied basics of creation and development of regional start-up centers as the innovative form cooperation between educational institutions and business. Meaning of the state innovative policy has been determined, and its realization mechanisms have been analyzed; problems of institutional, legislative and resource supply of the system "education-science-production" activity have been identified. Authors characterize features of innovative structures development and define the place of regional start-up centers within it. Necessity of development of special financial, material-technical and informational support mechanisms of innovational and entrepreneurial activities have been justified. New approaches to cooperation between educational institutions and business have been proposed; which are based on the "hatching" mechanism and promotion of innovations. It is proven that regional start-up centers are convenient to create on the ground of leading educational establishments which have innovations production and commercialization as one of their activity directions. Necessity of functioning of regional university start-up centers have been justified to become a new form of innovational and investment infrastructure, special areas which allow to coordinate demands of innovations producers and entrepreneurship subjects, unite interests of education, science, state and business.

  9. Envia E-procurement portal: an innovative business network solution; E-Procurement-Portal Envia: innovatives Business-Netzwerk mit Partnern. Basis fuer Service orientierte Geschaeftsbeziehungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pfeilschmidt, G. [Bereich Einkauf und Logistik, Envia Mitteldeutsche Energie AG, Chemnitz (Germany); Werthschulte, S. [Accenture GmbH, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2002-12-16

    The German utilities company Envia Mitteldeutsche Energie AG has developed a new e-procurement infrastructure to optimize strategic outsourcing with its business partners. The new solution, www.envia-logistics.de, works as an e-procurement portal for envia and as an open trading platform. Two major external client categories are served: municipal utilities and envia network partners. The e-procurement portal reduces overall IT-investment and maintenance costs for all participants while optimizing the quality of service with state-of-the-art technology. (orig.) [German] Mit dem elektronischen Einkaufsportal www.envia-logistics.de hat die Envia Mitteldeutsche Energie AG die Grundlage fuer innovative Service orientierte Geschaeftsbeziehungen mit Stadtwerken und Geschaeftspartnern geschaffen. Um das Potenzial ausschoepfen zu koennen, wurden ein neues Geschaeftsmodell fuer den Bereich Einkauf und Logistik entwickelt und notwendige Prozesse und eine geeignete IT-Infrastruktur realisiert. Das E-Procurement-/E-Portal-Projekt oeffnet dem einkaufenden Unternehmen nicht nur den elektronischen Beschaffungsweg, sondern auch den Verkauf. (orig.)

  10. A New Business Model for Problem Solving-Infusing Open Collaboration and Innovation Health and Human Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jeffrey R.; Richard, Eliabeth E.; Fogarty, Jennifer A.; Rando, Cynthia M.

    2011-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Space Life Sciences Directorate (SLSD) new business model for problem solving, with emphasis on open collaboration and innovation. The topics that are discussed are: an overview of the work of the Space Life Sciences Directorate and the strategic initiatives that arrived at the new business model. A new business model was required to infuse open collaboration/innovation tools into existing models for research, development and operations (research announcements, procurements, SBIR/STTR etc). This new model involves use of several open innovation partnerships: InnoCentive, Yet2.com, TopCoder and NASA@work. There is also a new organizational structure developed to facilitate the joint collaboration with other NASA centers, international partners, other U.S. Governmental organizations, Academia, Corporate, and Non-Profit organizations: the NASA Human Health and Performance Center (NHHPC).

  11. Strategic Management of Business Performance Based on Innovations and Information Support in Specific Conditions of Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajnoha Rastislav

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Business performance management and measurement is a relatively complex and difficult process, which is currently undergoing significant changes in terms of both theory and practice. Previously used indicators, methods and models, largely based on financial indicators and methods of financial management, have been gradually modified and improved to provide owners and managers with a sufficient true and fair view of business performance. Despite the efforts for continuous improvement, it appears that the traditional management of enterprise performance based primarily on financial management hits its limits and companies around the world are beginning to promote new non-traditional indicators, methods and models, based primarily on non-financial, strategic and often qualitative indicators. We recommend that enterprises apply the selected methods and models of strategic business performance management in different industries of the Slovak Republic. By applying the selected strategic methods and models such as BSC, BI, strategic planning and controlling, innovations and others, a higher performance of companies can be achieved.

  12. On the Contributions of Knowledge-Intensive Business-Services Multinationals to Laggard Innovation Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Brandão Fischer

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Foreign direct investment (FDI is assumed to be a source of knowledge flows across National Innovation Systems, with particular relevance for developing countries. Nonetheless, empirical assessments are usually manufacturingoriented, providing only a partial view of the phenomena under scrutiny. This article aims at contributing to this body of literature by investigating the impacts of inward FDI on aggregate outcomes of developing countries’ National Innovation Systems, taking into account potential contributions from Knowledge-Intensive BusinessServices (KIBS multinationals and their respective comparison with manufacturing investments. Using a panel dataset comprising 38 developing countries (2001-2010, fixed-effects regressions are applied according to a traditional endogenous growth model. Empirical findings underscore the relevance of KIBS MNCs’ contributions to host innovation systems in developing countries. These impacts broadly surmount those of manufacturing FDI and they are particularly significant for: (a value added in services; (b value added in manufacturing; (c aggregate export capacity; and (d international (United States Patent and Trademark Office [USPTO] patenting activity.

  13. Are Men More Innovative and Aggressive in Business? Case Study from the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartoš Přemysl

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available SMEs make a major contribution to the growth and employment in the EU. In today’s fierce competition in the market economic activities the SMEs had gradually developed into a major force for national economic and social development in every country of world. The aim of this article is to examine the approach to innovativeness and competitive aggressiveness between males and females in the segment of small and medium-sized enterprises. Based on the results of the questionnaire which was conducted in May 2015 in the Czech Republic we tried to test four hypotheses on the relationship between the gender of entrepreneurs of SMEs and their attitude to innovativeness and competitive aggressiveness. The results of our research have pointed out some differences between genders. Men-entrepreneurs who do business in the segment of SMEs in the Czech Republic are slightly more innovative and are significantly more aggressive in regard to competitors than women, as they apply aggressive approach and their companies are perceived as aggressive.

  14. Transition Thinking and Business Model Innovation Towards a Transformative Business Model and New Role for the Reuse Centers of Limburg, Belgium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leen Gorissen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The current dynamics of change, including climate change, resource depletion, energy transition, internet of things, etc. will have substantial impacts on the functioning of contemporary business models. Most firms and companies, however, still largely focus on efficiency strategies leading to sub-optimal solutions (reducing bad impact, rather than radically changing their business model to develop new transaction models more appropriate for today’s world (doing better things. However, persistent sustainability issues arising from our changing societal systems, require more radical and structural changes both within and between organizations to change the way we do business. There is limited empirically established research literature on how businesses can be more proactive in this regard and how they can move beyond “management of unsustainability”. In this paper, we present a transformative business model innovation approach inspired by transition theory combining elements of systems thinking, value-inspired envisioning, reflexive design and co-creation that was pioneered for a consortia of reuse centers in the province of Limburg, Belgium. We demonstrate that this approach contributed to the development of new business model concepts, was conducive for mobilizing support and resources to ensure follow up activity and holds potential to promote a more proactive role for businesses as agents of transformative change.

  15. A Science and Business Equation for Collaborative Corporate Innovation. Business Strategy, IP Strategy, RandD Strategy: an all-in-one Business Model. A review with a Bio-Technology and Green Chemistry Focus

    OpenAIRE

    Serge Rebouillat

    2013-01-01

    Not all the best people work for you... This is likely one of the motivator for open-innovation in terms of future business development. IP, RandD and Business strategies are becoming one. The adjacent technology analysis, ATA©, goes beyond prior art and freedom to operate traditional approaches providing a new role to the IP strategist still preventing excessive lawyering. Coaching and mediating turn out to be part of this role given the broad interdisciplinary and multi-science skills requi...

  16. System of Indicators in the Innovation Management: Business Intelligence Applied to Tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozada, Dayana; Araque, Francisco; Castillo, Jose Manuel; Salguero, Alberto; Delgado, Cecilia; Noda, Marcia; Hernández, Gilberto

    The work presents an approach to study mechanisms that allows managers the Innovation Management (IM) measurements. It is assumed, as main motivation, the analysis of patterns for the design of an integral system of indicators. A methodology that integrates the thought process, focusing on the Business Intelligence and the Balance Scorecard will be presented. A group of indexes based on the multidimensionality of IM in organizations of the sector of tourism is proposed. To approach this quality it is necessary to contextualize, in the conditions of sectoral operation, the theories, models and systems used in our approach. It has been used intervention methods like experts' criteria, consensus search techniques by means of surveys, consultation of documents, and statistical methods such as analysis of the main components.

  17. A Heritage Economy: Business Model Innovation for Economic Wealth, Social Well-Being, and Environmental Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédérick Brousseau-Gauthier

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Faced with the inherent unsustainability of infinite growth in a world of finite resources, the neoclassical economy is running towards a cliff. In order to avoid a hard landing, enterprises need to broaden their definitions of value and wealth to include parameters that are not currently in the economic lexicon, but are still of paramount importance in our lives. Taken from that angle, heritage can be seen as a perfect replacement for capital, because its multidimensional and complex nature opens up numerous possibilities for the creation of shared economic, social, and environmental value; the designing of value chains; and the direction of technological innovation. This article explores the various ramifications of a paradigm shift from managing capital to managing heritage, and it underlines the need to create a series of pioneering business models for enterprises to adapt and profit from a new, heritage economy.

  18. An innovative business model based on the integration of finance and logistics operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Daozhi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article advances a new logistics financing model based on the notes receivable. This is a written promise to receive a stated amount of money in future. The article describes the structure and key processes of the model, and analyses the roles of the involved stakeholders. In order to enhance understanding, the article compares the model with a loan financing model, establishes a game model based on logistics enterprise financing, studies the strategies in the process of investment and financing, and concludes by defining its feasible region. This involves comparing the expected net revenues of different stakeholders in the two models. Based on the results, the paper analyses the financing process of a logistics enterprise in Shanghai and determines the optimal financing strategy. This paper is an attempt to improve business innovation in logistics financing and provides a sensible solution for the integrated logistics and finance services. This can effectively improve the stakeholders’ profit.

  19. AUDIT OF INNOVATIVE IDEAS AS THE PREVIOUS STAGE OF THE BUSINESS-PLAN OF START-UP PROJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Zhylinska

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon of feasibility reasoning of venture capital investment for the implementation of innovative ideas is revealed. The main elements of the methodology for feasibility of start-up projects, based on the concept of combination of life cycle of the market, product innovation and startup companies, are characterized. The comparative analysis of methods feasibility study and business plan start-up project is made, the importance of innovative ideas audit in future economic information generation and investment decisions of informal venture capital investors are shown.

  20. User involvement and supporting tools in business-to-business service innovations: Insights from Facility Management services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nardelli, Giulia

    the research question. By following Miles and Huberman (1984)’s this study started with a literature review of studies investigating service innovation, service innovations models, user roles and tools in service innovation in general, to conduct an empirical investigation in facility management (FM) services...

  1. Biosynthesis of planet friendly bioplastics using renewable carbon source.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Roopesh; Tiwari, Archana

    2015-01-01

    Plastics are uniquely flexible materials that offer considerable benefits as a simple packing to complex engineering material. Traditional synthetic polymers (often called plastics), such as polypropylene and polyethylene have been derived from non-renewable petrochemicals and known to cause environmental concerns due to their non-biodegradable nature. The enormous use of petroleum-based plastic compounds emphasized a need for sustainable alternatives derived from renewable resources. Bioplastics have attracted widespread attention, as eco-friendly and eco-tolerable alternative. But they have got certain limitations as well, such as high cost of production and unsatisfactory mechanical properties. In this study we have found agriculture waste (AW) as low-cost and renewable substrate for the production of bioplastics in bacterial fermentation. Improvement in tensile properties of produced bioplastic film has also been documented upon blending with Cellulose Acetate Butyrate (CAB).

  2. Polyhydroxyalkanoates: A way to sustainable development of bioplastics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roopesh Jain

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews role of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs for sustainable development of bioplastics. PHAs are polyesters of hydroxyalkanoates with the general structural and have been investigated by biologists, chemists, engineers and other experts over the past many years. Bio-based and biodegradable plastics can form the basis for environmentally referable and sustainable alternative to current materials based exclusively on petroleum feed stocks. The result of the efforts made by scientist sought solution in form of biopolymer obtained either from microorganism or plants source and likely to replace currently used synthetic polymers as bioplastic. Applications of PHA as bioplastics, fine chemicals, implant biomaterials, and medicines have been developed. The PHA polymers promise to extend significantly the range of biomaterials as suitable alternative of plastic.

  3. Creativity, creations and innovations in the management of small and medium-sized business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usheva M.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Creativity is a process of development and expression of new ideas interwoven in the company mission and vision to lead not only to financial success but also to real loyalty and involvement of the employees with the company problems and achievements. The main objective of this paper is through the research among contemporary managers and entrepreneurs, representatives of small and medium-sized business in the region of Blagoevgrad to prove that creativity skills are deployed in each person, to identify the specific characteristics of the creative thinking of the manager and the tools that stimulate them to increase competitiveness in the context of the sustainable development of the small and medium business in international and domestic tourism market. The main result to be achieved is evidence that when there is adequate (positive self-evaluation, intrinsic motivation or chiefly necessity of creativity manifestation, emotivity in the sense of creative enthusiasm, personal professional effectiveness and appropriate situational factors, the modern manager is able to model conditions for the manifestation of creativity (creative self-expression, both in themselves and in their subordinates. This in turn leads to increased competitiveness and intensive implementation of innovations in the company management and operation. The main research methods used in the study are literature review on the subject, survey, analysis of processes, intuitive and systematic approach, systematic observation, data classification and interpretation.

  4. Adoption of a service innovation in the business market : An empirical test of supply-side variables

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frambach, RT; Nooteboom, B; Wedel, M; Barkema, H.W.

    1998-01-01

    The objective of this article is to assess the influence of variables over which suppliers have control (supply-side variables) on the adoption gf innovations in addition to adopter-side variables. The empirical study focused on the adoption of electronic banking in the Dutch business market. A quan

  5. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology into Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate Projects for 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2017-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) technologies into NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) projects. Other Government and commercial project managers interested in ARMD funding opportunities through NASA's SBIR program will find this report useful as well.

  6. Selections from the ABC 2015 Annual Conference, Seattle, Washington: Pitching Fish and Innovative Oral and Written Business Communication Assignments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whalen, D. Joel, Ed.

    2016-01-01

    This article, the first of a two-part series, presents teaching 10 innovations from the 2015 Association for Business Communication's 80th annual conference. The creative new assignments offered here include building listening skills by journaling, oral interpretation, positive message framing, storytelling, delivering bad news, persuasive…

  7. Incubating Innovation: A standard model for nurturing new businesses, the incubator gains prominence in the world of biotech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grifantini, Kristina

    2015-01-01

    Incubators, accelerators, innovation centers, launch pads. Everyone defines the idea a bit differently, but, generally, these infrastructures refer to a subsidized space where fledgling companies get support?a combination of mentorship, funding, low rent, networking opportunities, and other training?with the goal of propelling early businesses to success.

  8. Innovative business cases in the South Africa table grape and wine industry's: developing the concept op empowerment entrepreneurship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ras, P.J.; Vermeulen, W.J.V.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to reflect on an innovative initiative taken spontaneously by producers in the supply chain of the table grapes and wine industry to empower employees. Empowerment is a fundamental force for change in doing business in South Africa and its societies, especially in the li

  9. PHA bioplastics, biochemicals, and energy from crops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somleva, Maria N; Peoples, Oliver P; Snell, Kristi D

    2013-02-01

    Large scale production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) in plants can provide a sustainable supply of bioplastics, biochemicals, and energy from sunlight and atmospheric CO(2). PHAs are a class of polymers with various chain lengths that are naturally produced by some microorganisms as storage materials. The properties of these polyesters make them functionally equivalent to many of the petroleum-based plastics that are currently in the market place. However, unlike most petroleum-derived plastics, PHAs can be produced from renewable feedstocks and easily degrade in most biologically active environments. This review highlights research efforts over the last 20 years to engineer the production of PHAs in plants with a focus on polyhydroxybutryrate (PHB) production in bioenergy crops with C(4) photosynthesis. PHB has the potential to be a high volume commercial product with uses not only in the plastics and materials markets, but also in renewable chemicals and feed. The major challenges of improving product yield and plant fitness in high biomass yielding C(4) crops are discussed in detail.

  10. Mediating Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    "Mediating Business" is a study of the expansion of business journalism. Building on evidence from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, "Mediating Business" is a comparative and multidisciplinary study of one of the major transformations of the mass media and the realm of business - nationally...... and globally. The book explores the history of key innovations and innovators in the business press. It analyzes changes in the discourse of business journalism associated with the growth in business news and the development of new ways of framing business issues and events. Finally, it examines...... the organizational implications of the increased media visibility of business and, in particular, the development of corporate governance and media relations....

  11. Unlocking how start-ups create business value with mobile applications: Development of an App-enabled Business Innovation Cycle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ehrenhard, Michel; Wijnhoven, Fons; Broek, van den Tijs; Zinck Stagno, Marc

    2017-01-01

    Little is known about the business value that mobile applications (apps) can create, and how start-ups can leverage this value. We present a multiple-case study to both explain the process of app-enabled value creation and the type of value outcomes associated with the use of apps for business purpo

  12. Unlocking how start-ups create business value with mobile applications: Development of an App-enabled Business Innovation Cycle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ehrenhard, Michel; Wijnhoven, Fons; Broek, van den Tijs; Zinck Stagno, Marc

    2016-01-01

    Little is known about the business value that mobile applications (apps) can create, and how start-ups can leverage this value. We present a multiple-case study to both explain the process of app-enabled value creation and the type of value outcomes associated with the use of apps for business purpo

  13. Using temperature sweeps to investigate rheology of bioplastics

    Science.gov (United States)

    As part of research toward production of protein-based bioplastics, small amplitude oscillatory shear analyses were performed in the temperature sweep mode to examine protein blends in the presence of wheat flour and glycerol. The elastic modulus (G') of these samples was much higher than the visco...

  14. A liquid bioplastic formulation for film coating of agronomic seeds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Interest in industrial and domestic applications of biodegradable plastics from renewable sources is increasing, but their use in agriculture is still limited (e.g., mulching films, plant pots, and plant clips). However, a sprayable liquid bioplastic formulation was recently evaluated for applicati...

  15. The Effect of Chitosan, Sorbitol, and Heating Temperature Bioplastic Solution on Mechanical Properties of Bioplastic from Durian Seed Starch (Durio zibehinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hendra S. Ginting,

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, bioplastics is often researched to substitute the conventional plastics because bioplastics come from raw materials that is very enviromentally friendly and bioplastics is degradable. The purposes of this research are to know the characteristics of starch from durian seed and to know the effect of additional chitosan as filler, sorbitol as plasticizer, and variation of heating temperature bioplastic solution on mechanical properties of bioplastics. In process, the ratio between durian-seed starch and chitosan are 7:3, 8:2 and 9:1 gram, while the concentration of sorbitol are 20%, 30%, and 40%. The heating temperature of bioplastic solution is varied at 70 oC, 80 oC and 90 oC. Result of bioplastic FTIR shows there is increation of wave number N-H from 1570.06 cm- 1 to 1589.34 cm-1 and O-H from 3352.28 cm-1 to 3653.18 cm-1 . The characteristic of durian seed starch has water content 12.73%, ash content 0,51%, starch content 76,65%, amylose content 22.34%, amylopectin content 54.32%, protein content 11.61%, and fat content 0.61%. Optimum mechanical properties of bioplastic from durian seed starch occurs in heating temperature 70 oC with composition between durian-seed starch and chitosan is 7:3 grams and sorbitol 20.0 grams.

  16. Small Business Innovation Research GRC Phase I, Phase II, and Post-Phase II Opportunity Assessment for 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2016-01-01

    This report outlines the 2015 Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I, Phase II, and Post-Phase II opportunity contract award results associated with NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD), Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD), Science Mission Directorate (SMD), and Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) for NASA Glenn Research Center. The report also highlights the number of Phase I, Phase II, and Post-Phase II contracts awarded by mission directorate. The 2015 Phase I contract awards to companies in Ohio and their corresponding technologies are also discussed.

  17. Innovations in Corporate Social Responsibility from Global Business Leaders at Panasonic, Thomson Reuters and Nanyang Business School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Thiel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Due to current varied CSR models and how CSR is presently defined and practiced differently in business and society worldwide, global CSR standards are vital to creating best practices of CSR and to increase the competitive advantage of business and society. Approach: Because most CSR business units in global organizations tend to focus on specific and narrow corporate communications of social responsibility instead of broadening the scope to set global CSR standards across sectors and industries, three global business leaders in Singapore who are familiar with CSR practices at Thomson Reuters, Panasonic and Nanyang Business School were interviewed to investigate how CSR is practiced in Singapore and China. The participants were selected based upon their global business, CSR and HRD knowledge and experience. Ten interview questions guided the case study. Results: The participants’ responses produced seven key lessons learned and five inadequacies of current CSR models that resulted in two innovatory CSR models. The first model is a concentric circle that has culture in the center, followed by personal and collective ethics, economic, legal, environment and government domains. The second model is a concentric circle that has Human Resource Development (HRD in the center followed by the domains in the first model. Conclusion/Recommendations: The innovatory CSR models can assist global organizations to successfully manage changing global conditions when the organization is viewed as an interwoven and dynamic whole that generates continuous knowledge and bridges its systems, processes and structures that are constantly transforming into an internal and external common global network. CSR values, not stakeholder demands or charitable contributions from global business leaders, managers and individual employees play a significant role in reducing globalization’s unintended consequences and increasing the

  18. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 4. Defense Agencies Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    CHANNEL) . THE -0 SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH ( SBR ) PROGRAM - PHASE I PAGE 628 0 BY SERVICE FISCAL YEAR 1987 DNA SJBMTTFD BY NATURE OF THE...OXYGEN CONTAMINATION. THEIR HIGH PYROLYSIS TEMPERATURES CAUSE PROBLEMS SUCH AS INABILITY TO CONTROL THE AS/P RATIO IN ALLOYS CONTAINING BOTH ELEMENTS...LUBRICITY. GRAPHITE FIBER GROWN FROM PYROLYSIS OF HYDROCARBON GAS, WHICH IS THEN PROCESSED TO YIELD USEFUL VALUES FOR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY, IS A MATERIAL

  19. The Significance and Impact of Innovation Networks of Academia and Business with a Special Emphasis on Work-Based Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hogeforster Max A.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The Europe 2020 Strategy puts the quality and relevance of education and training systems at the heart of EU’s efforts to improve innovation and competitiveness and to achieve intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth. The development of partnerships between vocational schools or higher-education institutions and the business sector must be considered as a critical factor in identifying learning requirements, improving the relevance of education and facilitating access to education and learning. The growing lack of skills is one of the major challenges for companies that rely on more highly qualified personnel. To increase the cooperation between academia and the business world means to integrate small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, since 99.2 per cent of European businesses are SMEs. They are the blood cells of the European economy and are essential for growth, yet a very heterogeneous group that can only be integrated in cooperation networks by intermediate organisations which tackle the needs of this diverse group of businesses. Such a partnership of 17 universities and polytechnics, including the University of Latvia, was founded in 2010 and is shortly introduced as a best practice example.To stay competitive in the globalised world, companies need to be innovative and that requires cooperation with knowledge institutions. A survey conducted in 2013 revealed that one of the major obstacles for SMEs to improve their innovation capabilities is their inability to find qualified personnel. This corresponds to the huge challenges the labour markets face in Europe. Almost all countries report a growing lack of skilled workforce while at the same time youth unemployment is increasing. This gap between the current qualifications and the qualifications demanded by businesses sector can be overcome by a closer cooperation between enterprises and education facilities, on a national but also international level between Western and Eastern

  20. Linking satellite ICT application businesses with regional innovation centers and investors: The EC “INVESaT” project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghiron, Florence; Kreisel, Joerg

    2009-09-01

    In the sector of information and communication technologies (ICT), whether in the USA, Japan, or Europe, innovative services are already in use, based on large-scale space-based infrastructure investments. Such systems are e.g. earth observation, telecommunication, and navigation, timing and positioning satellites. In combination with the advent of powerful handheld terminals and the demand for ubiquitous services, it is expected that info-mobility applications will reveal new sources of business in the years ahead, using in particular the Earth observation and future GALILEO systems to position any feature or user anywhere in the world within a few meter accuracy. Hence, satellite-based capabilities provide new and unique opportunities for economic stimulation and development. Many incubators and innovation centers in Europe have already grasped this growth potential. Yet, for many European players business growth appears below expectations compared to developments in the USA following the launch of GPS (Global Positioning System). Europe still has to overcome intrinsic barriers to seize these new business opportunities faster and with more visible economic impact by leveraging on SMEs and regional innovation centers to expand the commercial utilization of satellite capabilities and mobilization of appropriate financial resources. The paper elaborates on the INVESat project (funded by the EuropeInnova—European Commission), which aims at bridging the gap between Innovative enterprises and financial In VEstors in the emerging markets of SaTellite applications. The critical success factors required to stimulate and support more efficiently investments in this bread of innovative services will also be highlighted.

  1. Using an innovative price model to leverage the business model – The case of price model innovation in the largest Swedish taxi company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl-Johan Petri

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to describe how the biggest Swedish taxi company (Taxi Kurir developed an innovative price model to leverage the business model. Design/methodology/approach : The empirical data in the article describe Taxi Kurir’s development of a new price model. Data about the Swedish taxi market and about Taxi Kurir has been compiled though interviews and document studies. Detailed information about the background, development and implementation of Taxi Kurir’s new price model has been captured through interviews with representatives from Taxi Kurir. Findings : Based on both the empirical example, and other investigations, we have found that a company can create substantial changes in their price model, by just changing some of its basic characteristics. A well designed price model can contribute to leveraging the intentions of the business model. Practical implications : Most academic and practical texts about business models consider pricing to be an important component. However, they typically do not refer to the specifics of the price- or revenue models. According to the literature review in this paper, and the empirical findings, the configuration of a company’s price model should be aligned with its business model. This will contribute to leveraging the business model. Originality/value: The Swedish taxi market is one of the most deregulated in the world. Differently from most other countries, any individual or company can start and operate a taxi business. This case offers a unique description on how the biggest company in the market responded to the competition by introducing a fundamentally new price model, by making a small change in one of the dimensions in their existing price model.

  2. Digitization of Cultural Heritage and Business Model Innovation: The Case of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Lazzeretti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, digitization has attracted increasing interest not only in museology and computer science, but also in economics and managerial literature. Scholars have tried to analyse how technological innovation is reshaping the role and mission of museums as producers and distributors of cultural content and investigate the new business model that emerges. The present work aims to investigate the adoption of ICT and innovation processes in museums, and their interaction dynamics between curators and technology developers. We analyse an Italian successful museum case study, the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, where digitization has been developed through a long-term partnership among the local University, a creative ICT enterprise and other technical partners. Data collection integrates some semi-structured interviews with information from websites, documents, publications, and the museum’s institutional communication. The main results show that this case can be defined as a Virtual Value Chain Model according to a curatorial approach at European level. Reecentemente, la digitalizzazione ha attratto un interesse crescente non solo nelle discipline museologiche e informatiche, ma anche nella letteratura economica e manageriale. Gli studiosi hanno provato ad analizzare quanto  l’innovazione tecnologica stia ridisegnando il ruolo e la mission dei musei come produttori e distributori di contenuti culturali, analizzando nel contempo  i nuovi modelli imprenditoriali che emergono. Questo contributo intende investigare l’adozione delle tecnologie dell’informazione e di nuovi processi nei musei, e le dinamiche di interazione tra curatori e sviluppatori di tecnologie. Si analizza un caso di successo italiano, la galleria degli Uffizi di Firenze, dove la digitalizzazione è stata sviluppata nell’ambito di una lunga collaborazione con la locale Università, un’impresa creativa e altri partner tecnici. La raccolta di dati integra le interviste semi

  3. Business modelling agility: Turning ideas into business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heikkila, J.; Heikkila, M.; Bouwman, W.A.G.A.

    2015-01-01

    Business Model Innovation is attracting more and more attention from business as well as from academics. Business Model Innovation deals with both technological and knowledge related changes that either may disrupt or sustain existing product/market strategies. Timing of Business Model Innovation bo

  4. A needs assessment survey for an innovative health-care business course for graduate doctors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mtombeni*

    2013-12-01

    Conclusions and recommendations: Registrars delineated their business skills gaps precisely. They aspire to narrow gaps through training, using instructional methods that are compatible with their busy routines. The UZCHS can make an informed choice to introduce business skills training to registrars whose needs are now known. Other medical colleges can benefit from similar endeavours in the interim.

  5. Innovative approaches in organization of investment and financial cooperation of entrepreneurial and banking business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olha Vladymyr

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the structure and proportion of foreign capital in the banking system of Ukraine, defined by its positive and negative impact on the foreign exchange market and the banking system as a whole. Excessive isolation of the banking system of Ukraine from foreign capital leads to restriction resources on the domestic currency market and to a decrease the competitiveness of banks. In the article performed the comparative analysis of domestic banks and banks with foreign capital, soundly the necessity and possible ways to strengthen the position of domestic banks on the foreign currency market of Ukraine. The necessity of raising the level of domestic banks capitalization through reorganization changes such as the domestic bank and non-bank holding companies formation, temporary associations of domestic and foreign banks in order to serve specific international or innovative projects is well-grounded in this article. The positive aspects of domestic banks consolidation are named. Some of them: strengthening of the bank’s financial stability, increased the opportunities for compliance with regulatory requirements and fulfillment of regulatory measures taken by the National Bank of Ukraine, development of market conditions, rising of competitive struggle, improving of banking services, expanding the range of foreign exchange services and reduce their costs, raise barriers to entry of weak players at market. The negative consolidation of banks named the danger of monopolization of the market. The necessity of improvement in the professionalism of doing domestic banking business through using the effective methods of customers service, new operations and new technologies in banking activities is emphasized

  6. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology into NASA Programs Associated with the Science Mission Directorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) programs. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this information useful.

  7. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology Into Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate Programs and Projects for 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2016-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR)/(STTR) technologies into NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) projects. Other Government and commercial projects managers can also find this useful.

  8. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology Into NASA Programs Associated With the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) programs. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this information useful.

  9. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology Into Science Mission Directorate Projects at Glenn Research Center for 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2016-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Glenn ResearchCenter Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR)/(STTR)technologies into NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) programs/projects. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this useful.

  10. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology into NASA Programs Associated with the Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Aeronautics and Mission Directorate (ARMD) programs. Other Government and commercial program managers can also find this information useful.

  11. Evaluation of recycled bioplastic pellets and a sprayable formulation for application of an Aspergillus flavus biocontrol strain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biocontrol of Aspergillus flavus using inoculated bioplastic granules has been proven to be effective under laboratory and field conditions. In the present study, the use of low-density pellets from recycled bioplastic as a biocontrol strain carrier was evaluated. Applying recycled bioplastic pell...

  12. Directed capture of enzymes and bacteria on bioplastic films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koepsel, Richard R; Russell, Alan J

    2003-01-01

    The development of smart coatings for a variety of uses depends on the ability of the coating material to perform specific functions. We have used water dispersible polyurethane preparations for the immobilization of binding proteins under mild conditions. In these experiments, antibodies against the enzyme beta-galactosidase or the bacterium Escherichia coli were immobilized in polyurethane coatings and then used to effectively capture their cognate antigen. Further, a second, more general, capture protocol was developed which involves the incorporation of the protein avidin in the plastics. This system efficiently captures biotinylated beta-galactosidase. Biotinylated anti-E. coli antibody captured by avidin bioplastics resulted in a nearly 5-fold increase in the number of bound bacteria when compared to blank polyurethane. The use of avidin in a bioplastic allows any biotinylated antibody to be applied to all or part of the surface resulting in a patterning of capture agents on a preformed surface.

  13. BIODEGRABILITY OF BIOPLASTIC MATERIALS IN A CONTROLLED COMPOSTING ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Daria Vaverková

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the biodegradability of bioplastic materials – sponge cloths – available on the European market that are labeled as 100% biodegradable but not certified as compostable. The test was carried out in a controlled composting environment. The project length was 22 weeks. The emphasis was put on discovering whether the sponge cloths are biodegradable or not. Based on the results thereof it can be concluded that sponge cloths have not decomposed completely but their color has changed and that degradation and physical changes occurred. Samples A1, and A2 have not decomposed completely and exhibited very slow degradation rate. Sample B5 exhibited the highest degradation rate. Samples B3, B4 exhibited high degree of decomposition. The main conclusion from this study is that biodegradation of bioplastics materials strongly depends on both the environment in which they are placed and the chemical nature of the material.

  14. Innovative solution – key factor for sustainable development of modern business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.F. Gryshchenko

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the approaches of modern scientists to the definitions of "decision" and "administrative decision". The author offered a definition of "innovative solution", and the principles of innovation decision-making and the role of the adoption of innovative solutions in the economic activities of modern enterprises.

  15. Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA frames innovation as critical to the protection of human health and the environment through initiatives such as sustainable practices, innovative research, prize competitions, innovation awards, partnerships, and community activities.

  16. Innovative tools for business coalitions in B2B applications how negotiation, auction and game theory can support small- and medium-sized business in e-business

    CERN Document Server

    Argoneto, Pierluigi

    2011-01-01

    Discussion of how to implement innovative tools makes the book relevant to both researchers and managers The simulation environment allows the reader to evaluate the performance of the approaches proposed Includes methodologies to improve e-marketplace performances through coalition

  17. Exploring effect of entrepreneurship and business orientations on innovation and customer value (Case Study: food industry of Mashhad city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Kazemi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, organizations must recognize and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities arising from environmental changes, not just for survive but also to ensure its growth. Hence, they need to maintain survival of competitive advantages over their competitors. There are few studies on the subject of competitive advantages such as innovation and customer value, particularly on examining the relationship between entrepreneurship and customer value. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the potential effects of entrepreneurial and business oriented (learning orientation, market orientation and human resource practices on innovation and customer value. The study population includes active companies in the food industry of the city of Mashhad based on Cochran's formula. As a sample, 83 senior managers of these companies have been selected randomly. The data has been collected using questionnaire and Structural Equation Modeling and partial least squares approaches have been utilized for data analysis using PLS software. Findings imply that entrepreneurship and human resource management are the most important drivers of innovation and customer value. Also, the findings suggest that market orientation can be integrated as a predictor of innovation and customer value. Therefore, successful implementation of these factors leads to promoting innovation and delivering superior value to customers.

  18. THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF INTERACTION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESS IN THE SPHERE OF INNOVATION: NEW TOOLS FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasiya Yurievna Nikitaeva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of international experience of interaction between government and business in the innovative development of the industrial sector. Purpose of the paper is to determine the features and content of the new mechanisms of industrial development, based on integration platform of economic agents’ partnership.Methodology. The complex of system, synergy, institutional, evolutionary, and endogenous approaches is used as a methodological basis of research. Methodological apparatus of the article is presented by methods of the analysis, synthesis, abstraction, logical generalization.Results: the assessment of influence of government and commercial structures partnership on the innovative industrial development is given; the tendency of expansion of a partnership segment in the innovative sphere of the industry is empirically illustrated; features and key technologies of the new integration mechanism of industrial development are given.Conclusion: complication of innovative processes in combination with other factors results in expediency of development of partnership of economic entities in the sphere of industrial development. The extent and effectiveness of partnership practices in innovation is largely determined by the role of state institutions. For innovation of industrial development it is expedient to form the mechanisms using the integrated capacity of public and private institutions.Practical implications: the results of the study can be used in the justification of the priorities and measures of the state innovation and industrial policy, the development of concepts and programs of clustering of the regions and the development of public-private partnerships, and also formation of strategy of development of industrial structures.

  19. A benefit segmentation approach for innovation-oriented university-business collaboration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerstlberger, Wolfgang; Kesting, Tobias; Baaken, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    to deal with this situation by academic engagement, hereby providing external research support for businesses. Relying on the market segmentation approach, promoting beneficial exchange relations between academia and businesses enables the integration of both perspectives and may contribute to solving...... current challenges. Transferring the segmentation approach and the customer benefit perspective to university-business collaboration (UBC), this paper develops a multi-step segmentation framework aimed at identifying research customer segments in technical textile industries in Western Europe. This novel...

  20. Internationalisation of construction business and e-commerce: Innovation, integration and dynamic capabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Thayaparan Gajendran; Graham Brewer; Malliga Marimuthu

    2013-01-01

    Despite the role of internet and web based applications in delivering competitive advantage through e-business process is widely acknowledged, little is done by way of research to use the dynamic capability framework, in exploring the role of ecommerce in the construction business internationalisation. The aim of this paper is to present a literature based theoretical exploration using dynamic capability view to discuss internationalising construction businesses through electronic commerce (e...

  1. Managing and Monitoring of Aspergillus flavus in Corn Using Bioplastic-based Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of bioplastic-based formulations for delivering a non-aflatoxigenic strain of Aspergillus flavus and for monitoring Aspergilli with the final objective of controlling aflatoxin contamination in corn. Field application of inoculated bioplastic granules show...

  2. 基于商业生态系统的技术创新与商业模式创新耦合机制研究%Research on the Coupling Mechanism Between Technology Innovation and Business Model Innovation Based on the Business Ecosystem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童心; 于丽英

    2014-01-01

    探讨技术创新与商业模式创新的耦合机制,对提高企业竞争力具有重要意义。商业生态系统中企业技术创新与商业模式创新的耦合体现为“push-pull”机制,即技术创新推动商业模式创新,同时商业模式创新拉动技术创新。以苹果公司为例,深入揭示两种创新耦合机制的形成和存在机理,以对企业创新提供参考和借鉴。%The coupling mechanism between technology innovation and business model innovation is analyzed in this paper . The results show that ,in the business ecosystem ,the coupling mechanism could be depicted by the"push-pull" mecha-nism ,w hich means that technology innovation pushes business model innovation w hile business model innovation pulls technology innovation ;the coupling mechanism plays an important role in improving competitiveness for enterprises .Final-ly the case analysis involving the coupling process of Apple's technology innovation and business model innovation has been adopted to further reveal the formation and existence of the coupling mechanism ,with the aim of providing positive inspira-tion and reference for Chinese enterprises'innovation activities .

  3. Innovative solutions: sample financial management business plan: neurosurgical intensive care unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villanueva-Baldonado, Analiza; Barrett-Sheridan, Shirley E

    2010-01-01

    This article describes one institution's intention to implement a financial management business plan for a neurosurgical intensive care unit in a level I trauma center. The financial objective of this proposed business plan includes a service increase in the patient population requiring critical care in a way that will help control costs.

  4. Online Business Simulations: A Sustainable or Disruptive Innovation in Management Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earl, Jason Scott

    2012-01-01

    The focal goal of this research was to extend the empirical effort on business simulations as a form of experiential learning by providing the first empirical analysis of business acumen and knowledge application skills. Disruptions in technology are providing more opportunities to improve the simulation gaming learning experience and a number of…

  5. This research is to study the factors which influence the business success of small business ‘processed rotan’. The data employed in the study are primary data within the period of July to August 2013, 30 research observations through census method. Method of analysis used in the study is multiple linear regressions. The results of analysis showed that the factors of labor, innovation and promotion have positive and significant influence on the business success of small business ‘processed rotan’ simultaneously. The analysis also showed that partially labor has positive and significant influence on the business success, yet innovation and promotion have insignificant and positive influence on the business success.

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Inggrita Gusti Sari; Muchtar, Yasmin Chairunnisa

    2013-01-01

    This research is to study the factors which influence the business success of small business ‘processed rotan’. The data employed in the study are primary data within the period of July to August 2013, 30 research observations through census method. Method of analysis used in the study is multiple linear regressions. The results of analysis showed that the factors of labor, innovation and promotion have positive and significant influence on the business success of small busine...

  6. Internet-of-things as a Playground for Participatory Innovation and Business Potentials in Complex Modern Economies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahlertz, Karoline; Bloch Rasmussen, Leif; Nielsen, Janni

    -up approach, self-organizing and co-creation. In this paper we will unfold how it is possible to use the IoT as a playground in a digital and social development, where the traditional simple dichotomy between state and market description of economies is challenged by the complexity of new institutional...... economies, transaction cost theories, commons based peer-production and governance of common pool resources. By using these new economies we envision that Participatory Innovation and Business Opportunity should take place in polycentric units of relations, where production, exchange and consumption of Io...

  7. Cutting through the Hype: Evaluating the Innovative Potential of New Educational Technologies through Business Model Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalman, Yoram M.

    2016-01-01

    In an era when novel educational technologies are constantly introduced to the marketplace, often accompanied by hyperbolic claims that these ground-breaking innovations will transform the educational landscape, decision makers in educational institutions need a methodological approach for examining the innovative potential of new educational…

  8. Exploitation, Exploration or Continuous Innovation? Strategy: Focus, Fit and Performance in different business environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gröessler, Andreas; Laugen, Bjørge Timenes; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann;

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which continuous innovation is pursued as a strategy for manufacturing firms in different types of competitive environments, and whether continuous innovation firms perform better than focused firms in certain environments. Statistical ana...

  9. Catalysts for Change: The Role of Small Business Funders in the Creation and Dissemination of Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shic, Frederick; Smith, Daniel; Horsburgh, Brian; Hollander, Eric; Rehg, James M.; Goodwin, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    A gap exists between the expanding space of technological innovations to aid those affected by autism spectrum disorders, and the actual impact of those technologies on daily lives. This gap can be addressed through a very practical path of commercialization. However, the path from a technological innovation to a commercially viable product is…

  10. Investigating issues and challenges for customer involvement in business services innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh; Hugger, Ada Scupola

    2011-01-01

    innovation processes to different degrees. However, actively involving customers in radical services innovation require a relationship between the customer company and the service provider that might be described as a partnership in which ongoing learning takes place to develop new solutions. The findings......Purpose – The paper aims to investigate how customers may contribute to radical innovation in consultancy services and the conditions needed for customers to be involved in such radical service innovations. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a qualitative case study approach including...... rich descriptions based primarily on interviews to investigate an extreme example of successful customer involvement in the development of radical service innovations at Ramboll, a leading Scandinavian engineering consultancy. Findings – The study reveals that customers may be involved in radical...

  11. Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Janni; Yaganeh, Suzanne; Bloch Rasmussen, Leif

    2013-01-01

    This paper contributes to a theoretical discussion of creation of innovation with participants in, or outside, organisations. We address the creation of innovation with a complex theoretical understanding drawing on the Scandinavian and the Participatory Design tradition introducing two approaches...... to the processes of innovation. We ask if innovation can be initiated and enhanced looking at two collaborative approaches; participatory innovation (PIN) and cooperative innovation (COIN). We invite to dialogue and reflections on PIN’s conflict and creative frictions on one side and COIN’s complexity......, complementarity in diversity and the didactic scaffolding of the innovation process on the other side. Our contribution focuses on the methods and practices for facilitation of co-creating activities between different groups leading to cooperation, and innovation in thinking....

  12. Outsourcing and offshoring of business services: Challenges to theory, management and geography of innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Massini, Silvia; Miozzo,Marcela

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on an original survey, we discuss the trends and challenges posed by the outsourcing and offshoring of business services. We document and analyse the increasing offshoring of business services (administrative services, call centres, IT services, procurement and product development) from USA and Europe to less developed countries, the functions offshored, size of offshorers, destination, and delivery models and explore the role of ICTs and the development of both large global services ...

  13. The Seeking Solutions Approach: Solving Challenging Business Problems with Local Open Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Deutsch

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available How can small and medium-sized enterprises try open innovation and increase their level of collaboration with local partners? This article describes a possible solution: the Seeking Solutions approach. The Seeking Solutions process consists of four steps: a call for problems, problem selection, problem broadcast, and a collaborative event. This approach has been successfully used for the Quebec Seeks Solutions events in 2010 and 2012 with concrete results and real impacts. By mixing open innovation and collaboration, the Seeking Solutions approach has introduced a new concept: local open innovation.

  14. Innovation is Everybody's Business How to Make Yourself Indispensable in Today's Hypercompetitive World

    CERN Document Server

    Tucker, Robert B

    2010-01-01

    Innovation isn't something you do after you get your work done. It's how you do your work. Organizations all over the world are shedding jobs in record numbers. Yet today, they are desperately in need of people with the abilities and skills to think ahead of the curve, delight customers, motivate colleagues, slash costs, and achieve unconventional results. In this practical road map to becoming irreplaceable, global innovation guru and bestselling author Robert B. Tucker reveals why honing your I-Skills (Innovation Skills) may be the smartest career move you'll make. Based on interviews with f

  15. An innovative partnership program between the Department of Energy, industry, and small business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hattrup, M.; Conger, R.; Hart, F.

    1997-07-01

    Moving an idea from a concept to the marketplace is a long and difficult climb. At each step, trials and pitfalls can hinder an innovator's progress. Many innovators received assistance to overcome those obstacles with the help of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Industrial Technology's (OIT's) Innovative Concepts (InnCon) Program. InnCon is one of six Alliance for Industrial Excellence programs within OIT. Throughout the country, creative thinkers are finding ways to save energy and increase industrial productivity with the early phase assistance provided by the Innovative Concepts Program. The InnCon Program provides seed money to allow innovators to determine if their ideas are technically and economically feasible. It is expected that this initial funding and the development it supports will help the innovator get their idea to a point that some of the initial risk associated with their new technology is reduced such that internal or external investors are more willing to provide follow-on funding. Through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. InnCon also provides valuable non-financial support by helping innovators find technical partners, commercial sponsors, and new sources of funding. One example of this support is sponsorship at a technical trade show or conference, at which the innovators are given a chance to present their initial findings to a wide audience of private and commercial investors. Since the InnCon program began in 1983, over 100 projects have been funded and over half of them have received follow-on funding from other sources to pursue their innovations or inventions. InnCon operates in cycles of roughly 1--2 years. For each cycle, the InnCon Program chooses an energy-related topic and invites innovators to submit proposals; up to 15 innovators per cycle are awarded seed money--typically $20,000 to $22,000. This paper will briefly profile the process the InnCon participants go through, discuss

  16. Innovativeness and its link to interoperability: An investigation using a novel Business Narrative Modelling Language (BNML)

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Manuel Au-Yong; Ferreira, João José Pinto

    2011-01-01

    We intend to use multiple case studies to develop a theoretical model concerning the contemporary phenomenon of organizational innovativeness and its link to interoperability. We are interested in particular in interoperability as pertaining to people and organizations able to operate in conjunction (together) to produce innovation. Interoperability can be defined as “the ability of a system or an organization to work seamless[ly] with other systems or organization[s] without any special effo...

  17. Consistent Criteria are Needed to Assess Small-Business Innovation Initiatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-07

    Innovation, 1972. SHAPERO , Albert . "Some Social Dimensions of Entrepreneurship." In The Mini-Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship, edited by D. Sexton et al...Research, Technological Change, and Economic Analysis, edited by B. Gold. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1977. BRUNO, Albert , and Tyzoon Tyebjee...Six Countries Program on Government Policies Toward Technology Innovation in Industry, June 1978. RUBENSTEIN, Albert H. "Results of Investigation of

  18. Characteristics of Red Algae Bioplastics/Latex Blends under Tension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nizar Machmud

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Cassava, corn, sago and the other food crops have been commonly used as raw materials to produce green plastics. However, plastics produced from such crops cannot be tailored to fit a particular requirement due to their poor water resistance and mechanical properties. Nowadays, researchers are hence looking to get alternative raw materials from the other sustainable resources to produce plastics. Their recent published studies have reported that marine red algae, that has been already widely used as a raw material for producing biofuels, is one of the potential algae crops that can be turned into plastics. In this work, Eucheuma Cottonii, that is one of the red alga crops, was used as raw material to produce plastics by using a filtration technique. Selected latex of Artocarpus altilis and Calostropis gigantea was separately then blended with bioplastics derived from the red algae, to replace use of glycerol as plasticizer. Role of the glycerol and the selected latex on physical and mechanical properties of the red algae bioplastics obtained under a tensile test performed at room temperature are discussed. Tensile strength of some starch-based plastics collected from some recent references is also presented in this paperDoi: 10.12777/ijse.5.2.81-88 [How to cite this article: Machmud, M.N., Fahmi, R.,  Abdullah, R., and Kokarkin, C.  (2013. Characteristics of Red Algae Bioplastics/Latex Blends under Tension. International Journal of Science and Engineering, 5(2,81-88. Doi: 10.12777/ijse.5.2.81-88

  19. Improving complementary feeding in Ghana: reaching the vulnerable through innovative business--the case of KOKO Plus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Shibani; Tano-Debrah, Kwaku; Aaron, Grant J; Otoo, Gloria; Strutt, Nicholas; Bomfeh, Kennedy; Kitamura, Satoshi; Suri, Devika J; Murakami, Hitoshi; Furuta, Chie; Sarpong, Daniel; Saalia, F; Nakao, Youzou; Amonoo-Kuofi, Harold; Uauy, Ricardo; Toride, Yasuhiko

    2014-12-01

    Reaching vulnerable populations in low-resource settings with effective business solutions is critical, given the global nature of food and nutrition security. Over a third of deaths of children under 5 years of age are directly or indirectly caused by undernutrition. The Lancet series on malnutrition (2013) estimates that over 220,000 lives of children under 5 years of age can be saved through the implementation of an infant and young child feeding and care package. A unique project being undertaken in Ghana aims to bring in two elements of innovation in infant and young child feeding. The first involves a public-private partnership (PPP) to develop and test the efficacy and effectiveness of the delivery of a low-cost complementary food supplement in Ghana called KOKO Plus™. The second involves the testing of the concepts of social entrepreneurship and social business models in the distribution and delivery of the product. This paper shares information on the ongoing activities in the testing of concepts of PPPs, social business, social marketing, and demand creation using different delivery platforms to achieve optimal nutrition in Ghanaian infants and young children in the first 2 years of life. It also focuses on outlining the concept of using PPP and base-of-the-pyramid approaches toward achieving nutrition objectives.

  20. 我国电动汽车商业模式创新SWOT分析%The SWOT Analysis on Business Model Innovation of Electric Vehicle in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀杰

    2013-01-01

    首先解析商业模式创新内涵及我国电动汽车商业模式发展现状,运用SWOT分析工具对我国电动汽车商业模式创新现状进行剖析,明确其所具备的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,并在此基础上提出促进我国电动汽车商业模式创新的战略措施.%Since there is no major technological breakthrough in current battery technology, it is important to explore business model innovation to realize the commercialization and large - scale development of electric vehicles. This paper firstly analyses the connotation of business model innovation and electric car business model development in China, and then the SWOT tool is used to analyze the status quo of China's electric car business model innovation, its advantages, its disadvantages, its opportunities and challenges. Lastly, on this basis, the strategic measures to promote Chinas electric car business model innovation are given.

  1. Innovative business plan: creation of a fast healthy food chain: “My Taste”

    OpenAIRE

    Adrianza, Luis; Harlez, Gregory de

    2009-01-01

    Master in International Management / Classifications of the JEL Classification System M20 – Business Economics General M21 – Business Economics O seguinte plano de negócios tem a intenção de descrever a criação rápida de uma cadeia de restaurantes saudáveis chamada "MyTaste", como veremos posteriormente, "MyTaste" distingue-se entre os outros restaurantes pelo seu serviço único, opções de alimentos saudáveis e sua estratégia de preços. Iremos a descrever minuciosamente todo o conc...

  2. New rules for transient advantage, social business, breakthrough innovation, big data and information technology

    CERN Document Server

    Randall, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Business models and processes are evolving in quicktime to take advantage of opportunities enabled by the rapid advance of digital technology. Meanwhile, the preferences of customers and the jobs they need to do are co-evolving. What's accelerating the transformation of markets is that, using digital networks, customers and other stakeholder can instantly influence the development of new offerings. As a result, upstart businesses that can connect with customers through new social channels burgeon and thrive and long-established segments suddenly wither and vanish. This book identifies several

  3. Communicating climate change – Learning from business: challenging values, changing economic thinking, innovating the low carbon economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Kaesehage

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The risks and opportunities presented by climate change for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs have been largely overlooked by previous research. The subsequent lack of knowledge in this field makes it difficult for SMEs to engage with climate change in a meaningful, profitable, and sustainable way. Further, current research cannot explain why SMEs rarely engage with climate change. We examine critically 30 SMEs, which engage with climate change knowledges and 5 Innovation-Support-Organizations (ISOs that communicate climate change knowledges. Over a three-year period we explore why and how these businesses approach the knowledge gap between climate change science and business practice, drawing on a variety of ethnographic research methods: (1 in-depth semi-structured and open interviews; (2 participant observations; and (3 practitioners’ workshops. The results demonstrate that business’ mitigation and adaptation strategies are lay-knowledge-dependent, derived from personal values, space, and place identity. To enhance the number of SMEs engaging with climate change, maximize the potential value of climate change for the econo- my and establish a low carbon economy, climate change communication needs to target personal values of business leaders. The message should highlight local impacts of climate change, the benefits of engagement to (the local society and economy, and possible financial benefits for the business. Climate change communication therefore needs to go beyond thinking about potential financial benefits and scientific evidence and challenge values, cultures, and beliefs to stimulate economic, political, and social frameworks that promote values-based decision-making.

  4. Innovative and logistics development business model elaboration of the economy of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Любов Олександрівна Кравченко

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The problematic position of export operations of the enterprises on foreign trade format are analyzed in the article. The variant of implementation of innovative and logistics elements in the enterprise management system is considered in order to increase the export potential of the enterprise. It is shown that combination of the innovative direction with the logistics is possible using enterprise management paradigm. Such approach would increase the competitiveness of the offered products on the international market. The conceptual model of innovative and investment development of the export potential of enterprises is proposed to determine the potential of the company to produce and promote competitive products on the external market and provide competitive services in the required quantity, the right quality in a timely manner with minimal costs.

  5. Improving the Business Communication Skills of Postgraduate Internal Audit Students: A South African Teaching Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plant, Kato; Slippers, Jana

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on the introduction of a business communication course in the curriculum of postgraduate internal audit students at a higher education institution in South Africa. Internal auditors should have excellent verbal and written communication skills in performing value-adding assurance and consulting services to their engagement…

  6. A Classroom Experiment in Marketing: Innovative Methods for the Teaching of Business French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Gerald

    Techniques and approaches used in a commercial French course offered at a state university are outlined. The course objective is to prepare American students for potential business experience or dealings in a French-speaking country. After background information about the course structure is given, the discussion focuses on the marketing segment,…

  7. Innovative Teaching: An Empirical Study of Computer-Aided Instruction in Quantitative Business Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonul, Fusun F.; Solano, Roger A.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate business undergraduate mathematics-based courses in a blended environment of online assignments and exams and offline lectures, and report the impact on academic performance of factors such as classroom attendance, web-based course supplements, and homework. We present results from both ordinary least squares and fixed effects,…

  8. Innovation in Business Organizations: Adoption of Japanese Management Principles and Communications Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Renee; And Others

    A survey was completed by 248 North Carolinian companies in a study conducted to determine the extent to which businesses have responded to recent theories on Japanese management principles and communication technologies. The five areas of the survey focused on (1) characteristics of the respondent and organization, (2) communication and decision…

  9. The innovation efforts and its relationship with some business performance indicator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Lazzari

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Available resources, which are able to generate value, may promote a comparative advantage to the company in relation to its competitors. They might develop, at the macro level, by means of superior quality, efficiency and effectiveness and innovations; and, at micro level, based on superior financial performance. This study employing quantitative analyzes techniques (descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression analysis, identified that  from a Theory of Comparative Advantage perspective, innovation efforts of Brazilian traded companies are aligned with its superior performance. The results show that the financial performance indicators ROE and ROA have a significant difference between “Innovative” and “No innovative” companies groups.

  10. Investigating issues and challenges for customer involvement in Business services innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh; Scupola, Ada

    2011-01-01

    processes to different degrees. However involving customers actively in radical services innovation require a relationship between the customer company and the service provider that might be described as a partnership in which ongoing learning is taking place to develop new solutions. Our findings reveal......, the main limitation of our study is the generalizability of the findings. More cases would help to shed light on the generalizability of the findings across other radical innovation projects within the same company or in similar type of companies. Originality/value – The study contributes with new...

  11. Technological innovations for a sustainable business model in the semiconductor industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levinson, Harry J.

    2014-09-01

    Increasing costs of wafer processing, particularly for lithographic processes, have made it increasingly difficult to achieve simultaneous reductions in cost-per-function and area per device. Multiple patterning techniques have made possible the fabrication of circuit layouts below the resolution limit of single optical exposures but have led to significant increases in the costs of patterning. Innovative techniques, such as self-aligned double patterning (SADP) have enabled good device performance when using less expensive patterning equipment. Other innovations have directly reduced the cost of manufacturing. A number of technical challenges must be overcome to enable a return to single-exposure patterning using short wavelength optical techniques, such as EUV patterning.

  12. Bioplastic production using wood mill effluents as feedstock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben, M; Mato, T; Lopez, A; Vila, M; Kennes, C; Veiga, M C

    2011-01-01

    Fibreboard production is one of the most important industrial activities in Galicia (Spain). Great amounts of wastewater are generated, with properties depending on the type of wood, treatment process, final product and water reusing, among others. These effluents are characterized by a high chemical oxygen demand, low pH and nutrients limitation. Although anaerobic digestion is one of the most suitable processes for the treatment, lately bioplastics production (mainly polyhydroxyalkanoates) from wastewaters with mixed cultures is being evaluated. Substrate requirements for these processes consist of high organic matter content and low nutrient concentration. Therefore, wood mill effluents could be a suitable feedstock. In this work, the possibility of producing bioplastics from to wood mill effluents is evaluated. First, wood mill effluent was converted to volatile fatty acids in an acidogenic reactor operated at two different hydraulic retention times of 1 and 1.5 d. The acidification percentage obtained was 37% and 42%, respectively. Then, aerobic batch assays were performed using fermented wood mill effluents obtained at different hydraulic retention times. Assays were developed using different cultures as inoculums. The maximum storage yield of 0.57 Cmmol/Cmmol was obtained when when the culture was enriched on a synthetic media.

  13. New biocomposites based on bioplastic flax fibers and biodegradable polymers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wróbel-Kwiatkowska, Magdalena; Czemplik, Magdalena; Kulma, Anna; Zuk, Magdalena; Kaczmar, Jacek; Dymińska, Lucyna; Hanuza, Jerzy; Ptak, Maciej; Szopa, Jan

    2012-01-01

    A new generation of entirely biodegradable and bioactive composites with polylactic acid (PLA) or poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) as the matrix and bioplastic flax fibers as reinforcement were analyzed. Bioplastic fibers contain polyhydroxybutyrate and were obtained from transgenic flax. Biochemical analysis of fibers revealed presence of several antioxidative compounds of hydrophilic (phenolics) and hydrophobic [cannabidiol (CBD), lutein] nature, indicating their high antioxidant potential. The presence of CBD and lutein in flax fibers is reported for the first time. FTIR analysis showed intermolecular hydrogen bonds between the constituents in composite PLA+flax fibers which were not detected in PCL-based composite. Mechanical analysis of prepared composites revealed improved stiffness and a decrease in tensile strength. The viability of human dermal fibroblasts on the surface of composites made of PLA and transgenic flax fibers was the same as for cells cultured without composites and only slightly lower (to 9%) for PCL-based composites. The amount of platelets and Escherichia coli cells aggregated on the surface of the PLA based composites was significantly lower than for pure polymer. Thus, composites made of PLA and transgenic flax fibers seem to have bacteriostatic, platelet anti-aggregated, and non-cytotoxic effect.

  14. Resolving Issues in Innovative Graduate Degree Programs: The Metropolitan State University Doctor of Business Administration Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delmont, Tim

    2011-01-01

    Applied Master's Degree and doctoral programs have been criticized widely for their lack of relevance, rigor and quality. New graduate degree programs have responded to these criticisms by implementing innovative academic policies, program curriculum, and student services. A case study of the Metropolitan State University Doctor of Business…

  15. Strategic Alignment of Innovation to Business: Balancing the Exploration and Exploitation Function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fortuin, F.T.J.M.; Omta, S.W.F.

    2007-01-01

    This book addresses the crucial question for innovative prospector companies of how to bridge the gap between exploration and exploitation. Whereas exploration deals with the search for new ideas and opportunities, exploitation is about incrementally moving the performance bar a little bit higher. F

  16. Integrating Teacher- and Peer-Assessments of Group Coursework Assignments in Business Education: Some Innovative Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onyia, Okey Peter

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a sequel to an earlier one that examines "the efficacy of two innovative peer-assessment templates ("PET" and "PACT") introduced to enable students provide evidence of their fairness in evaluating peer contributions to group project work" (Onyia, O. P. and Allen, S., 2012). In the present paper, three…

  17. How journal rankings can suppress interdisciplinary research: a comparison between innovation studies and business & management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Rafols; L. Leydesdorff; A. O'Hare; P. Nightingale; A. Stirling

    2012-01-01

    This study provides quantitative evidence on how the use of journal rankings can disadvantage interdisciplinary research in research evaluations. Using publication and citation data, it compares the degree of interdisciplinarity and the research performance of a number of Innovation Studies units wi

  18. A product innovation toolkit for green business in South East Asia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crul, M.R.M.; Hong Long, N.

    2011-01-01

    Most of the available Sustainable Product Innovation (SPI) approaches and tools have been developed in Western Europe, based upon European experiences. However, in South-East Asian economies like Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, needs are different and more immediate. Also the characteristics of the loca

  19. Kelley Direct (KD) Toolkit: Toward the Development of Innovative Pedagogical Tools for Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magjuka, Richard J.; Liu, Xiaojing; Lee, Seung-Hee

    2006-01-01

    KD Toolkit shows a representative synthesis of the best practices learned by world-renowned instructors in a top ranked online MBA program in the United States. This article will share and discuss the pedagogical implications of this learning technology and the leadership and innovative effort of the program that afforded the development of KD…

  20. The key drivers and challenges of Business-NGO partnerships in creating sustainable innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lodsgård, Lise; Aagaard, Annabeth

    2014-01-01

    evidence. One of the main challenges of studying sustainable innovation relates to the fact that there is no established definition and mapping of drivers and internal and external challenges of these collaborations. The observations above and the gab in literature point to the theoretical and empirical...

  1. A Study of Innovative Entrepreneurial Talents of Business and Management: Knowledge, Ability and Quality Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yurong; Wang, Wenhua

    2011-01-01

    It has been an urgent mission for universities and institutes to instruct the students with enterprise knowledge and cultivate high quality entrepreneurial talents with innovation. The paper discusses the knowledge, ability and quality structure of talents of economics and administration with a purpose to achieve the goal of innovative…

  2. The Impact of the Enterprise Resources Planning Systems on the Innovative Capabilities of the Organization: A Secondary Analysis of the Sectoral E-Business Watch Longitudinal Study 2002-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erturk, Alper

    2012-01-01

    Companies constantly adapt to new business environments in order to be successful and stay relevant. Innovation is a vital source for a company to be competitive in the business environment. Innovations enable companies to develop and utilize new strategies, tools, and tactics as well as new products and services. Enterprise resource planning…

  3. Global Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    insight from the literature about business models, international product policy, international entry modes and globalization into a conceptual model of relevant design elements of global business models, enabling global business model innovation to deal with differences in a downstream perspective...... regarding the customer interface and in an upstream perspective regarding the supply infrastructure. The paper offers a coherent conceptual dynamic meta-model of global business model innovation. Students, scholars and managers within the field of international business can use this conceptualization...... to understand, to study, and to create global business model innovation. Managerial and research implications draw on the developed ideal type of global business model innovation....

  4. Clear double layer Bioplast feeding plate for neonates with cleft palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, R Burcu Nur; Mutlu, Meltem; Germec-Cakan, Derya

    2015-01-01

    An infant with cleft palate was referred to cleft clinic of the Orthodontic Department. The mother was concerned to feed the child because of the escape of milk from the nose. Intraoral examination revealed a large palatal cleft extending from hard to soft palate involving uvula. The impression was taken and dental cast obtained. A 3 mm soft and afterward a 1 mm hard Bioplast plate was pressed using Biostar device (Scheu-Dental Gmbh, Iserlohn, Germany) on the model. Finally, a hole was prepared on the anterior part to put a thread through it. The infant tolerated the plate immediately and encounters no difficulties during feeding. The inlaying soft Bioplast plates eliminate the risk of tissue irritation, whereas the covering hard Bioplast plate supplies endurance. The fabrication of the clear Bioplast feeding plate is easy and less time-consuming compared with acrylic plates and may be recommended in crowded and overloaded cleft centers.

  5. Modelling of pyrolysis and combustion of gluten-glycerol-based bioplastics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Martínez, D; Barneto, A G; Martínez, I; Partal, P

    2011-05-01

    Non-isothermal thermogravimetric analysis, under nitrogen and air atmospheres, has been applied to study the thermal degradation of wheat gluten and gluten-glycerol-based bioplastics. In order to explain experimental data, thermal degradation has been simulated using the so-called pseudo-components, which are related to protein fraction (mainly gliadin and glutenin), residual starch and plasticiser. Thus, the proposed models have been used to shed some light on the thermal decomposition of these materials, which have been found affected by their compositions and microstructures. Modelling confirms the experimental bioplastic and gluten isolate compositions, e.g. bioplastic moisture content, starch concentration and the expected gliadin/glutenin ratio. According to the simulation, the glycerol volatilisation is affected by bioplastic moisture content and hindered by the protein matrix. A fact pointing out that glycerol/water blend plays relevant plasticizing roles in the protein matrix through diverse physicochemical interactions.

  6. Data Mining – Innovative Method for Obtaining Information in Marketingand Business Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela-Cristina Voicu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The existence of massive amounts of data raised the question of using their reorientation to a retrospective to a prospective operation. Data mining offers the promise of an important aid for discovering hidden patterns in data that can be used to predict the behavior of customers, products and processes. Data mining tools must be guided by users who understand the business, the general nature of the data and analytical methods involved. It discovers information within the data that queries and reports can’t effectively reveal. It is vital to collect data and prepare properly, to face reality models. Choosing the most appropriate product data mining is to find a tool with the capabilities required, an interface that matches the skills of users and can be applied in a specific business problem. In this context, the purpose of this paper is to illustrate some of the problems of company activity problems which can be solved by using data mining techniques.

  7. From invention to innovation: Commercialization of new technology by independent and small business inventors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1989-05-15

    This handbook emerged from the commitment of Energy-Related Inventions Program personnel to supporting the commercialization efforts of independent and small business inventors with new technologies. As you read this document, you will face questions that may seem far removed from technological concerns--questions about the market, your competition, your business structure, and about legal and regulatory requirements. These may seem peripheral to your present and future work. But, make no mistake, you must carefully and honestly consider and answer these if you expect to penetrate the market in sustained way and profit from your work. Over four hundred of your peers--some by success, others by failure--have shown us the lessons incorporated in this volume. By using it, and by commenting on it, you benefit from their collective experience, and make invaluable additions to it. 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Abstracts of Phase I Awards. 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    DEFINITIVE CARE. BAKER W ENGINEERING NAVY $ 48,809 PO BOX 6477 - 218 E EDGEWOOD PL SAN ANTONIO, TX 78209 DR WILFRED E BAKER TITLE: ENHANCED CONVENTIONAL...SCOPY. PERCEPTRONICS INC AF $ 71,470 610 MASONS MILL BUSINESS PK HUNTINGDON VALLEY, PA 19006 O J SNOW TITLE: LEMMING: AN ACTIVE RF COUNTERMEASURE...WHICH DEVICES ARE TESTED. REYNOLDS & TAYLOR INC AF $ 71,484 2109 S WRIGHT ST SANTA ANA, CA 92705 CHARLES W DEMENT TITLE: REPRESENTATIONAL ISSUES IN A

  9. A needs assessment survey for an innovative health-care business course for graduate doctors

    OpenAIRE

    S. Mtombeni*; J. Gandari

    2013-01-01

    Over the course of medical education, physicians are expected to acquire extensive knowledge of clinical medicine, and to develop competence in business skills indispensable to contemporary medicine. Despite this consensus few colleges have aligned their curricula. Less than a third of physician-leaders feel prepared for their duties. Physicians frequently assume leadership positions, ’accidentally’ or ’coincidental’ without formal training. To be effective leaders, physicians need specific t...

  10. FORECASTING OF BIOPLASTICS MARKET DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA BASED ON IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS AND DATA MINIMG

    OpenAIRE

    BAZHANOV N.N.

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with the research of market opportunities for potential participants of Russian bioplastics market and with strategic market opportunities evaluation based on data analysis. The paper is aimed at is developing of model and methods of strategic forecasting based on data analysis for Russian bioplastics market. World’s and Russia’s market drivers, development trends and market opportunities for potential market participants were brought to light and analyzed in this research.

  11. An Investigative Study into Perspectives and Experiences of Incubates at the Chandaria Business Innovation and Incubation Centre at the Kenyatta University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munyanyiwa, Takaruza; Mutsau, Morgen; Rudhumbu, Norman; Svotwa, Douglas

    2016-01-01

    The study presents results from an investigative study undertaken at the Kenyatta University (KU) Chandaria Business Innovation and Incubation Centre. A total of 10 incubates representing 10 projects were engaged in face to face interviews. The incubates were appreciative of the value that incubation centre such as the one at KU contributed to…

  12. Innovative Business Cases for Energy Storage In a Restructured Electricity Marketplace, A Study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    IANNUCCI, JOE; EYER, JIM; BUTLER, PAUL C.

    2003-02-01

    This report describes the second phase of a project entitled ''Innovative Business Cases for Energy Storage in a Restructured Electricity Marketplace''. During part one of the effort, nine ''Stretch Scenarios'' were identified. They represented innovative and potentially significant uses of electric energy storage. Based on their potential to significantly impact the overall energy marketplace, the five most compelling scenarios were identified. From these scenarios, five specific ''Storage Market Opportunities'' (SMOs) were chosen for an in-depth evaluation in this phase. The authors conclude that some combination of the Power Cost Volatility and the T&D Benefits SMOs would be the most compelling for further investigation. Specifically, a combination of benefits (energy, capacity, power quality and reliability enhancement) achievable using energy storage systems for high value T&D applications, in regions with high power cost volatility, makes storage very competitive for about 24 GW and 120 GWh during the years of 2001 and 2010.

  13. An Innovative Program in the Science of Health Care Delivery: Workforce Diversity in the Business of Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essary, Alison C; Wade, Nathaniel L

    2016-01-01

    According to the most recent statistics from the National Center for Education Statistics, disparities in enrollment in undergraduate and graduate education are significant and not improving commensurate with the national population. Similarly, only 12% of graduating medical students and 13% of graduating physician assistant students are from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups. Established in 2012 to promote health care transformation at the organization and system levels, the School for the Science of Health Care Delivery is aligned with the university and college missions to create innovative, interdisciplinary curricula that meet the needs of our diverse patient and community populations. Three-year enrollment trends in the program exceed most national benchmarks, particularly among students who identify as Hispanic and American Indian/Alaska Native. The Science of Health Care Delivery program provides students a seamless learning experience that prepares them to be solutions-oriented leaders proficient in the business of health care, change management, innovation, and data-driven decision making. Defined as the study and design of systems, processes, leadership and management used to optimize health care delivery and health for all, the Science of Health Care Delivery will prepare the next generation of creative, diverse, pioneering leaders in health care.

  14. The Role of Business and Society in Innovation and Entrepreneurshi%企业和社会在创新创业中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁泽军

    2015-01-01

    影响高校创新创业教育因素有很多,本文从社会和企业视角进行问卷调研,指出社会和企业在高校创新创业中的作用,创设"社会+企业+高校"三位一体的教育模式,为高校创新创业教育指引方向.%Universities innovation and entrepreneurship education have a lot of factors, this article from the perspective of so-cial and corporate questionnaire survey, noted that the role of social and business innovation and entrepreneurship in univer-sities, the creation of"social+business+Universities"trinity model of education, innovation and entrepreneurship education for college guidelines direction.

  15. Remote patient management: technology-enabled innovation and evolving business models for chronic disease care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coye, Molly Joel; Haselkorn, Ateret; DeMello, Steven

    2009-01-01

    Remote patient management (RPM) is a transformative technology that improves chronic care management while reducing net spending for chronic disease. Broadly deployed within the Veterans Health Administration and in many small trials elsewhere, RPM has been shown to support patient self-management, shift responsibilities to non-clinical providers, and reduce the use of emergency department and hospital services. Because transformative technologies offer major opportunities to advance national goals of improved quality and efficiency in health care, it is important to understand their evolution, the experiences of early adopters, and the business models that may support their deployment.

  16. Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helms, Niels Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Kravet om innovation og kreativitet er på flere måder en stor og en ny udfordring for voksenuddannelserne. Det udfordrer det didaktiske dilemma, det at vi skal gøres til kompetente og frie mennesker gennem pædagogiske handlinger, som netop pålægger os en ufrihed. – Men hvor denne ufrihed...... innovative, netop er det, vi endnu ikke kender...

  17. Academic retainer medicine: an innovative business model for cross-subsidizing primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucier, David J; Frisch, Nicholas B; Cohen, Brian J; Wagner, Michael; Salem, Deeb; Fairchild, David G

    2010-06-01

    Retainer-medicine primary care practices, commonly referred to as "luxury" or "concierge" practices, provide enhanced services to patients beyond those available in traditional practices for a yearly retainer fee. Adoption of retainer practices has been largely absent in academic health centers (AHCs). Reasons for this trend stem primarily from ethical concerns, such as the potential for patient abandonment when physicians downsize from larger, traditional practices to smaller, retainer-medicine practices.In 2004, the Department of Medicine at Tufts Medical Center developed an academic retainer-medicine primary care practice within the Division of General Medicine that not only generates financial support for the division but also incorporates a clinical and business model that is aligned with the mission and ethics of an academic institution.In contrast to private retainer-medicine practices, this unique business model addresses several of the ethical issues associated with traditional retainer practices-it does not restrict net access to care and it neutralizes concerns about patient abandonment. Addressing the growing primary care shortage, the model also presents the opportunity for a retainer practice to cross-subsidize the expansion of general medicine in an academic medical setting. The authors elucidate the benefits, as well as the inherent challenges, of embedding an academic retainer-medicine practice within an AHC.

  18. INNOVATIVE TEACHING OF ENTREPRENEURS AS A WAY TO STIMULATE SOCIAL BUSINESS OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST ENTITIES OF THE CONTEMPORARY HISTORICAL STAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. K. PILILYAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper covers on the current stage of the national modernization on innovative basis in the regions of the southern Russian Far East: from the tasks designated by the strategic tasks for regional development in 2000 to the situation fifteen years later, considering the mechanisms seeking to solve problems in achievement of target via cooperation of government and businesses. The contemporary historical stage of the Russian entrepreneurship is characterized by increased attention of the government and public to the issues related to activation and stabilization of the new social stratum called to support the socioeconomic security of the country. Taking into account the strategic interests of Russia in the Asia-Pacific markets and the priority development of the FarEastern regions in those areas as predetermined by active establishment of entrepreneur’s community compliant with the Asia-Pacific market, it is required to stress on professional training and retraining of the Far-Eastern entrepreneurs. The contemporary requirements in connection with innovative development of economy demand for establishment in entrepreneurs of innovative thinking and therefore, applying respective educational technologies. Those processes are reflected in the establishment of education system in Russia, however, any business since the first days of market operation should be run by respective quality staff and therefore, taking into account the short background of establishment of the contemporary Russian entrepreneurship’s community, government and businesses use the experience of developed countries, creating national models of innovative education technologies to train entrepreneurs and striving to enhance those processes. Social business is a relatively new phenomenon on the contemporary Russian market, however, due to the ability of that kind of business to solve a lot of problems its support by government and public is determined. For more successful

  19. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology Into Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate Projects at NASA Glenn Research Center for 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.; Morris, Jessica R.

    2015-01-01

    This document is intended to enable the more effective transition of NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) SBIR technologies funded by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program as well as its companion, the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program into NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) projects. Primarily, it is intended to help NASA program and project managers find useful technologies that have undergone extensive research and development (RRD), through Phase II of the SBIR program; however, it can also assist non-NASA agencies and commercial companies in this process. aviation safety, unmanned aircraft, ground and flight test technique, low emissions, quiet performance, rotorcraft

  20. Innovative Food Quality Models – Developed as an Interface for Modern Consumers and Sustainable Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica Pamfilie

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The intensive development of global markets correlated with the modern consumer’s demands led to a new complex approach concerning the food sector and its’ main determinants. Old market theories that describe the food market mechanisms as a simple three point process: “to produce – to sell – to buy” are now growing into elaborated models based on more determinants that have one common challenge: quality. Thus, the present study aims to highlight the importance of producers’ accountability in ensuring the quality of food products, by implementing standardize methods of production and by informing the consumers in a correctly and completely manner. In other words, the research focuses on quality management systems as defining instruments that can assure high-quality food products are being delivered at competitive prices to domestic and international markets. In this sense, food quality management principles are analyzed from the point of view of one of the biggest actors in the food industry, Mondelez International. Having as a starting point the interview results with the Procurement Innovation Manager in Quality, this paper manages to outline a consumer preference based model in developing new food products. The present conceptual model takes into consideration both quality specialist and consumer’s demands, in order to maintain the requirements of food management and safety systems and, simultaneously, to be flexible and optimize new food products according to modern consumer’s quality requirements: design.

  1. Extending the Use of Bioplastic Granules for the Application of Trichoderma Biocontrol Isolates in Flori/Horticulture and Turfgrass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bioplastic materials are gaining increasing interest in a variety of different industrial and domestic applications. Beside its usage as mulching films and plant clips in horticulture, no other agricultural applications have been proposed. In 2009 we demonstrated that granules made of the bioplastic...

  2. Production of Starch Based Bioplastic from Cassava Peel Reinforced with Microcrystalline Celllulose Avicel PH101 Using Sorbitol as Plasticizer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maulida; Siagian, M.; Tarigan, P.

    2016-04-01

    The production of starch based bioplastics from cassava peel reeinforced with microcrystalline cellulose using sorbitol as plasticizer were investigated. Physical properties of bioplastics were determined by density, water uptake, tensile strength and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Bioplastics were prepared from cassava peel starch plasticized using sorbitol with variation of 20; 25; 30% (wt/v of sorbitol to starch) reinforced with microcrystalline celllulose (MCC) Avicel PH101 fillers with range of 0 to 6% (wt/wt of MCC to starch). The results showed improvement in tensile strength with higher MCC content up to 9, 12 mpa compared to non-reinforced bioplastics. This could be mainly attributed to the strong hydrogen bonds between MCC and starch. On the contrary, the addition of MCC decreased the elongation at break, density and water uptake. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy showed the functional groups of bioplastics, which the majority of O-H groups were found at the bioplastics with reinforcing filler MCC that represented substantial hydrogen bonds. The highest tensile strength value was obtained for bioplastic with MCC content 6% and sorbitol content 20%. With good adhesion between MCC and starch the production of bioplastics could be widely used as a substitute for conventional plastics with more benefits to the environment.

  3. Extending the uses of bioplastic granules for the application of Trichoderma biocontrol isolates in flori/horticulture and turf grass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bioplastic materials are gaining increasing interest in a variety of different industrial and domestic applications. Beside its usage as mulching films and plant clips in horticulture, no other agricultural applications have been proposed. In 2009 we demonstrated that granules made of the bioplastic...

  4. The innovations with the medical applications of white LEDs and the breakthrough for new business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimada, Jun-ichi; Itoh, Kazuhiro; Nishimura, Motohiro; Kawakami, Youichi; Tsuji, Kiyotsugu

    2006-02-01

    The distance between the LED and the surface of the target organ is about 4-5 cm, and we think this will become the "ultimate super-localized LED lighting". In an experiment with swine, we placed a LED module at the tip of the retractor. When compared to endoscopic lighting, this method illuminated the entire thoracic cavity more brightly. Since the light is emitted from the cylinder-shaped camera component, the light is unidirectional, and the shadows from the surgical instruments are moved to the side of the incision. Retractor LED lights provided enough light in the thoracic cavity. we believe that "medical white LEDs" can contribute in clinical settings as a light source for performing safe operations with bright surgical fields in the near future. Also, we use our LEDs for new real business. In the summer of 2004, LED lighting was world first used in the 1200 year-old Gion Festival for the first time in history as "a lighting device that does not destroy cultural assets by light heat". And the next is "Lighting at the "Diva status at diva gate" and the "Thousand Armed Avalokiteshwara in innermost sanctuary in the main hall" at Kiyomizudera in Kyoto". It was a great success, and we were invited back in the spring of 2005 and for future applications. We think this is the first real application of LEDs as an outdoor lighting device. The number of people who visit Kiyomizudera is 4000,000 annually, and LEDs were adopted to illuminate the diva gate.

  5. INNOVATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helms, Niels Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Kravet om innovation og kreativitet er på flere måder en stor og en ny udfordring for voksenuddannelserne. Det udfordrer det didaktiske dilemma, det at vi skal gøres til kompetente og frie mennesker gennem pædagogiske handlinger, som netop pålægger os en ufrihed. – Men hvor denne ufrihed tidligere...... kunne begrundes med, at skolen eller uddannelsen vidste bedre, så er det ikke længere tilfældet. Skolen skal sørge for, at vi lærer noget – og ikke noget andet. Men det kan ikke længere med bestemthed afgøres, hvad det er vi skal lære i skolen, fordi det nye, det kreative og ikke mindst innovative...

  6. Fuels and Space Propellants for Reusable Launch Vehicles: A Small Business Innovation Research Topic and Its Commercial Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palaszewski, Bryan A.

    1997-01-01

    Under its Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program (and with NASA Headquarters support), the NASA Lewis Research Center has initiated a topic entitled "Fuels and Space Propellants for Reusable Launch Vehicles." The aim of this project would be to assist in demonstrating and then commercializing new rocket propellants that are safer and more environmentally sound and that make space operations easier. Soon it will be possible to commercialize many new propellants and their related component technologies because of the large investments being made throughout the Government in rocket propellants and the technologies for using them. This article discusses the commercial vision for these fuels and propellants, the potential for these propellants to reduce space access costs, the options for commercial development, and the benefits to nonaerospace industries. This SBIR topic is designed to foster the development of propellants that provide improved safety, less environmental impact, higher density, higher I(sub sp), and simpler vehicle operations. In the development of aeronautics and space technology, there have been limits to vehicle performance imposed by traditionally used propellants and fuels. Increases in performance are possible with either increased propellant specific impulse, increased density, or both. Flight system safety will also be increased by the use of denser, more viscous propellants and fuels.

  7. Rheological behaviour and physical properties of controlled-release gluten-based bioplastics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Martínez, D; Partal, P; Martínez, I; Gallegos, C

    2009-03-01

    Bioplastics based on glycerol, water and wheat gluten have been manufactured in order to determine the effect that mechanical processing and further thermal treatments exert on different thermo-mechanical properties of the biomaterials obtained. An "active agent", KCl was incorporated in these matrices to develop controlled-release formulations. Oscillatory shear, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), diffusion and water absorption tests were carried out in order to study the influence of the above-mentioned treatments on the physico-chemical characteristics and rheological behaviour of these bioplastic samples. Wheat gluten protein-based bioplastics studied in this work present a high ability for thermosetting modification, due to protein denaturation, which may favour the development of a wide variety of biomaterials. Bioplastic hygroscopic properties depend on plasticizer nature and processing procedure, and may be a key factor for industrial applications where water absorption is required. On the other hand, high water absorption and slow KCl release from bioplastic samples (both of them suitable properties in agricultural applications) may be obtained by adding citric acid to a given formulation, at selected processing conditions.

  8. Innovation, Product Development, and New Business Models in Networks: How to come from case studies to a valid and operational theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Erik Stavnsager; Jørgensen, Jacob Høj; Goduscheit, René Chester;

    2007-01-01

    We have in the research project NEWGIBM (New Global ICT based Business Models) during 2005 and 2006 closely cooperated with a group of firms. The focus in the project has been development of new business models (and innovation) in close cooperation with multiple partners. These partners have been...... customers, suppliers, R&D partners, and others. The methodological problem is thus, how to come from e.g. one in-depth case study to a more formalized theory or model on how firms can develop new projects and be innovative in a network. The paper is structured so that it starts with a short presentation...... step is a brief presentation of the case study methodology and our research setting with three fundamental research questions regarding methodology addressed in this paper. The next part of the paper presents a distinction between out-come driven and event-driven research and makes a case...

  9. Triple Helix Model and its Appliance in the Context of Innovative Development of Businesses and Formation of ‘Creative Class’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihail N. Dudin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In accordance with today’s interdisciplinary approaches to general innovative tendencies and drivers, the modern model of economic development can be presented in the form triple or double helix. The theme of the article is highly relevant as high effectiveness of functionality and development of businesses is determined through so-called ‘creative class. The article proves the necessity of integration of triple helix concepts in the innovative principles in the Russian Federation. Such principles declared by the Government will be operational. This concept stipulates close and fruitful cooperation between government leaders, representatives of business structures and scientific and academic institutions staff. Such model is possible through the ‘creative class’ support.

  10. 绿色时代商业模式创新的动力机制%The Dynamic Mechanism for Business Model Innovation in Green Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王财玉

    2015-01-01

    企业通过肩负起社会责任以获取经济效益的绿色商业模式,体现了可持续和以人为本的发展要求。其中企业需要承担的社会责任包括对未来社会的责任、对公共环境健康的责任、对企业员工健康的责任以及对消费者健康的责任。绿色商业模式创新的动力系统是由创新主体管理者和外部影响因素组成,其中管理者系统包括道德层面的社会责任感和理性层面的创新预期收益。绿色商业模式创新可以将企业社会责任转换成经济效益,而企业经济效益的提升又将进一步促进社会责任的践行,最终实现企业经济责任与社会责任的平衡。%Business model innovation in Green Times(Referred to as Green Business Model Innovation in short)is the business model in which the enterprises achieve economic benefits by undertaking social responsibilities,which reflects the requests of sustainable development and the human-centered development. The responsibilities the enterprises need to undertake include responsibilities towards the future society,responsibilities for the public environment and health,and responsibilities for the customers’health.The dynamic mechanism of green business innovation model consists of managers of the innovation team and many other outer influencing factors,of which the managers system is composed of the social responsibility in the moral sense and the expected innovation benefits in the rational sense.The green business model innovation can transform the social responsibility into economic benefit,and the increase in the economic benefit of the enterprise in turn can promote the fulfillment of the social responsibility, which eventually helps strike a balance between the economic responsibility and the social responsibility of the enterprise.

  11. Partnerships in Pharma--An Economist Intelligence Unit Seminar--Building Innovation into Alliances and Business Models. 1 October 2010, London, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibble, Alexandra

    2010-12-01

    The Partnerships in Pharma seminar, held in London, included topics related to building innovation into alliances and business models within the pharmaceutical industry. This conference report highlights selected presentations on strategies for successful partnering, partnering alongside an evolving CRO industry, considering the pharma value chain, and partnerships between industry and academia. Approaches used by Ipsen, Merck Serono, Pfizer and ViiV Healthcare are also described.

  12. INNOVATIVE TEACHING OF ENTREPRENEURS AS A WAY TO STIMULATE SOCIAL BUSINESS OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST ENTITIES OF THE CONTEMPORARY HISTORICAL STAGE

    OpenAIRE

    E. K. PILILYAN

    2016-01-01

    The paper covers on the current stage of the national modernization on innovative basis in the regions of the southern Russian Far East: from the tasks designated by the strategic tasks for regional development in 2000 to the situation fifteen years later, considering the mechanisms seeking to solve problems in achievement of target via cooperation of government and businesses. The contemporary historical stage of the Russian entrepreneurship is characterized by increased attention of the gov...

  13. Interactive Pinball Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Gudiksen, Sune

    2012-01-01

    Interaction design expands into new fields. Interaction design and business model innovation is a promising meeting of disciplines: Many businesses see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, and, as business models pose highly dynamic and interactive problems, interaction design has much...... to offer. This paper compares ‘tangible business models’ in the form of pinball-like contraptions, designed by interaction design students with those developed by groups of professionals around concrete business issues. We will show how the interactive models encourage business people to play...... with hypotheses and experiment with scenarios as a way of innovating their business models, and why this is so....

  14. Predicting E-Business Adoption through Integrating the Constructs of the Rogers’s Diffusion of Innovation Theory Combined with Technology-Organization-Environment Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Issa Al-Zoubi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to predict e-business adoption through integrating the constructs of the Rogers’s DOI theory combined with TOE model. Design/methodology/approach– A structural equation modeling is conducted through the analysis of 113firms usable questionnaires. Findings– The results show that the existence of significant relationship between the TOE factors and the businesses e-business adoption. It is found that higher explicitness and accumulation of technology can help the transfer of technological knowledge within the organization and can raise the capability to adopt innovative technologies. Practical implications–for the theory under study is the notion that adoption of e-business can lead to improvements in firms’ performance. It has been revealed that positive influences generally increase with the increase of e-business penetration. Originality/value– The paper is the recently study that examines e-business adoption in the Jordan. Also, the findings allow us to understand the importance of both technology-related aspects and social influence in e-procurement adoption.

  15. Research on Innovation Approaches of LED Enterprise Business Model%LE D照明企业商业模式创新路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琨; 王梦瑶

    2013-01-01

    对商业模式的创新有助于我国LED照明企业把握新机遇,增强国际竞争力。对现有商业模式创新路径的研究进行梳理,针对我国LED照明企业目前存在的问题,以价值链和商业模式构成要素为切入点,从价值链、目标消费者需求、产品和服务、营销策略和战略方向五个方面提出了LED照明企业商业模式创新路径。LED照明企业可以根据自身情况,有选择、阶段性地建立起自己独特的商业模式,实现持续盈利。%Business model innovation helps LED enterprises in China grasp new opportunities and enhance their internation-al competitiveness.The study sorts out the current business model innovation route.In view of the existing problems in LED enterprises in China and starting with the value chain and the elements of business model,the business model innovation route for LED enterprises is proposed from the perspective of value chain,target consumer demand,products and services, marketing strategy and strategic direction.LED lighting companies may,in light of their actual situation,set up their own unique business model selectively and periodically to achieve profitable revenue growth.

  16. 基于SWOT分析的家族企业的文化创新%Cultural Innovation of Family Business Based on SWOT Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李登月

    2012-01-01

    中国家族企业的文化本质上为“家文化”的泛化.本文运用SWOT模型,分析了以“家文化”为理念的家族管理模式在经营管理中的优势、劣势,判明其面临的机遇和挑战;并提出了新形势下中国家族企业的文化创新路径.%Chinese family business culture is essentially a generalization of "family culture".Using SWOT analysis, this paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of management mode of the family business based on "family culture" in the management process, and also ascertains the opportunities and threats that it will face. At last,we analyse the innovation path of the culture of Chinese family business under new situation.

  17. Innovation fri for floskler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, Per Nikolaj

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Roberto Verganti, 2009, Design-Driven Innovation: Changing the Rules of Competition by Radically Innovating what things mean, Harvard Business Press. Udgivelsesdato: 27. november......Anmeldelse af Roberto Verganti, 2009, Design-Driven Innovation: Changing the Rules of Competition by Radically Innovating what things mean, Harvard Business Press. Udgivelsesdato: 27. november...

  18. Influence of tragacanth gum in egg white based bioplastics: Thermomechanical and water uptake properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Castejón, María Luisa; Bengoechea, Carlos; García-Morales, Moisés; Martínez, Inmaculada

    2016-11-05

    This study aims to extend the range of applications of tragacanth gum by studying its incorporation into bioplastics formulation, exploring the influence that different gum contents (0-20wt.%) exert over the thermomechanical and water uptake properties of bioplastics based on egg white albumen protein (EW). The effect of plasticizer nature was also evaluated through the modification of the water/glycerol ratio within the plasticizer fraction (fixed at 40wt.%). The addition of tragacanth gum generally yielded an enhancement of the water uptake capacity, being doubled at the highest content. Conversely, presence of tragacanth gum resulted in a considerable decrease in the bioplastic mechanical properties: both tensile strength and maximum elongation were reduced up to 75% approximately when compared to the gum-free system. Ageing of selected samples was also studied, revealing an important effect of storage time when tragacanth gum is present, possibly due to its hydrophilic character.

  19. Innovation in Your Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA has many innovation programs that can help the public bring innovative solutions to their local areas by reducing waste, engaging students to contribute innovative ideas, and helping businesses implement sustainable practices.

  20. 我国团购网站商业模式分析与创新%Analysis and Innovation of Group-Purchasing Website Business Model in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锐; 唐述毅

    2013-01-01

    我国团购网站分为平台式和自主式两种类型。从定位、业务系统、盈利模式、关键资源能力、现金流结构和企业价值六个方面来分析两种类型团购网站的商业模式。发现顾客与商家、顾客与团购网站、商家与商家之间存在着信息不对称与竞争公平机制等方面的问题,而基于业务系统、盈利模式和关键资源的团购网站商业模式能有效地解决上述存在的问题,从而实现对团购网站商业模式的创新。%Group-purchasing website in China is divided into two types of the platform and autonomy. From six aspects of positioning, business systems, profit model, the key resource capacity, cash flow and enterprise value, this paper analyzes the business models of the two types of group-purchasing website. It finds the problems of asymmetric information and fair competition mechanism between customers and businesses, customers and group-purchasing website, and businesses and businesses. Based on business systems, the profit model and key resources group-purchasing website business model can effectively solve the above problems, so as to achieve innovation of group-purchasing website business model.

  1. An Analysis of Information Systems Technology Initiatives and Small Businesses in the DoD Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    development of cutting- 3 edge technologies, have contributed significantly to U.S. economic growth, and have the potential to significantly...disadvantaged persons in technological innovation; and  Increase the private-sector commercialization of innovations derived from federal R&D...transition, commercialization , or continued federal contracting. Finally, to research SBIR participant characteristics I performed an analysis of

  2. An Empirical Study on the Distinctive Teaching Mode and Practice of International Business Innovation Class in GDUFS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dongman, Cai; Wenzhong, Zhu

    2016-01-01

    Accommodating to the development of globalization, China witnesses a mounting demand for international business talents who are proficient in both foreign languages and business knowledge and adept at international cooperation and competition in business context. In order to meet this need, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, taking advantage…

  3. Radioprotectors and Radiomitigators for Improving Radiation Therapy: The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Gateway for Accelerating Clinical Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasanna, Pataje G S; Narayanan, Deepa; Hallett, Kory; Bernhard, Eric J; Ahmed, Mansoor M; Evans, Gregory; Vikram, Bhadrasain; Weingarten, Michael; Coleman, C Norman

    2015-09-01

    Although radiation therapy is an important cancer treatment modality, patients may experience adverse effects. The use of a radiation-effect modulator may help improve the outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients undergoing radiation therapy either by enhancing tumor cell killing or by protecting normal tissues. Historically, the successful translation of radiation-effect modulators to the clinic has been hindered due to the lack of focused collaboration between academia, pharmaceutical companies and the clinic, along with limited availability of support for such ventures. The U.S. Government has been developing medical countermeasures against accidental and intentional radiation exposures to mitigate the risk and/or severity of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) and the delayed effects of acute radiation exposures (DEARE), and there is now a drug development pipeline established. Some of these medical countermeasures could potentially be repurposed for improving the outcome of radiation therapy and HRQOL of cancer patients. With the objective of developing radiation-effect modulators to improve radiotherapy, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Development Center at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), supported by the Radiation Research Program (RRP), provided funding to companies from 2011 to 2014 through the SBIR contracts mechanism. Although radiation-effect modulators collectively refer to radioprotectors, radiomitigators and radiosensitizers, the focus of this article is on radioprotection and mitigation of radiation injury. This specific SBIR contract opportunity strengthened existing partnerships and facilitated new collaborations between academia and industry. In this commentary, we assess the impact of this funding opportunity, outline the review process, highlight the organ/site-specific disease needs in the clinic for the development of radiation-effect modulators, provide a general understanding of a framework for gathering

  4. Rethinking Open Innovation Beyond the Innovation Funnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wim Vanhaverbeke

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In his article, I first argue that open innovation can be applied in situations where companies do not themselves develop new products or services. As a consequence, open innovation becomes relevant for a much larger group of organizations than previously considered. Second, I argue that open-innovation scholars have insufficiently differentiated open-innovation initiatives in terms of their impact on companies’ growth: some open-innovation initiatives lead to incremental innovations in an existing business while, in other cases, open-innovation initiatives are used to establish completely new businesses. Both arguments illustrate the need to integrate open-innovation initiatives into the strategy of the firm.

  5. Research on Carbon Finance Intermediary Business Innovation of Commercial Banks%商业银行碳金融中间业务创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平

    2013-01-01

    As a major player in carbon finance in commercial banks , carbon finance innovation , in addition to green cred-it, can play its own professional expertise to expand the intermediate business , providing customers with carbon financial planning, trust, credit cards, account management, financial advisers, and credit assessment guarantees and other serv-ices.The paper combs the background of the rise of carbon finance , the concept of simple innovative practice by focusing on domestic and foreign commercial banks in the middle of the carbon finance business .It analyzes the typical case , aiming at the innovative carbon financial intermediary business operation mode to tap the carbon finance market service quality and level of the potential , enhance the fee-based business , foster the international competitiveness of China's commercial bank carbon finance .%作为碳金融主要参与者的商业银行,除了绿色信贷,还可以发挥自己的专业特长,拓展中间业务,为客户提供碳金融理财、信托、信用卡、账户管理、财务顾问以及信用评估与保函等服务。对碳金融兴起的背景、概念进行简单梳理,重点对国内外商业银行碳金融中间业务的创新实践、典型案例进行分析借鉴,旨在创新中间业务运作模式,挖掘碳金融市场潜力,提升中间业务的服务质量和水平,以提升我国商业银行碳金融的国际竞争力。

  6. Disrupting Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cox, Geoff; Bazzichelli, Tatiana

    Disruptive Business explores some of the interconnections between art, activism and the business concept of disruptive innovation. With a backdrop of the crisis of financial capitalism, austerity cuts in the cultural sphere, the idea is to focus on potential art strategies in relation to a broken...... economy. In a perverse way, we ask whether this presents new opportunities for cultural producers to achieve more autonomy over their production process. If it is indeed possible, or desirable, what alternative business models emerge? The book is concerned broadly with business as material for reinvention...

  7. U.S. Government Takes Measures to Support Small Business Technology Innovation:Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer%美国联邦政府支持小企业技术创新的举措--小企业技术创新研究计划和技术转移计划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛

    2015-01-01

    美国小企业是美国技术创新的重要主体,联邦政府采取了系列措施支持其开展技术创新,小企业创新研究计划(SBIR)和技术转移计划(STTR)即是由美国政府直接出资支持小企业从事技术创新的两个旗舰计划。SBIR和 STTR计划自实施以来已取得显著成效:有力地促进了美国的技术创新,显著提高了私营企业创新成果的商业化程度,较好地结合了小企业发展与国家研发需求,为小企业创新活动提供了广泛的支持。通过回顾 SBIR和 STTR计划的出台和演变,分析计划的主要管理特点,重点解析了计划的评估体系,并预测,SBIR和 STTR计划在未来美国支持小企业技术创新体系中还将发挥更大作用。%U.S. small businesses play an essential role in the U.S. technology innovation system. The federal government adopted a series of measures to support technology innovation in small businesses. This article studied the Small Business Innovation Research(SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer(STTR) launched by the U.S. federal government, by reviewing the origin and development of these two programs, analyzing their management mechanism, especially their evaluation system. SBIR and STTR have achieved good results, such as promoting the U.S. technology innovation, accelerating the commercialization of private enterprises’ innovation fruits, coordinating the small business progress and the national R&D demands, and supporting the extensive innovation of small businesses. It is suggested that these two programs will be a more important part of U.S. small businesses technology innovation system.

  8. [The application of the nanostructured bioplastic material for the plastic reconstruction of perforations in the nasal septum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigor'eva, M V; Akimov, A V; Bagautdinov, A A

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the present work was to estimate the effectiveness of the application of the nanostructured bioplastic material for the plastic reconstruction of perforations in the nasal septum. A total of 80 patients were recruited for the study. Half of them underwent plastic reconstruction of perforations in the nasal septum with the application of the nanostructured bioplastic material. Forty patients were treated using no biotransplants. The functional state of nasal cavity mucosa was evaluated before and after surgery. It is concluded that the nanostructured bioplastic material used in the present study ensures efficacious reconstruction of nasal septum integrity after plastic correction of septal perforations.

  9. Innovation Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA promotes environmental stewardship by recognizing innovators in schools, communities and businesses in categories such as environmental education, green chemistry, smart growth, green power, and reducing air pollution and climate change impacts.

  10. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology Into Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate Projects at Glenn Research Center for 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2016-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Glenn Research Center Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR)/(STTR) technologies into NASA Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) programs and projects. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this useful. Introduction Incorporating Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)-developed technology into NASA projects is important, especially given the Agency's limited resources for technology development. The SBIR program's original intention was for technologies that had completed Phase II to be ready for integration into NASA programs, however, in many cases there is a gap between Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) 5 and 6 that needs to be closed. After SBIR Phase II projects are completed, the technology is evaluated against various parameters and a TRL rating is assigned. Most programs tend to adopt more mature technologies-at least TRL 6 to reduce the risk to the mission rather than adopt TRLs between 3 and 5 because those technologies are perceived as too risky. The gap between TRLs 5 and 6 is often called the "Valley of Death" (Figure 1), and historically it has been difficult to close because of a lack of funding support from programs. Several papers have already suggested remedies on how to close the gap (Refs. 1 to 4).

  11. Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Günzel, Franziska; Uliyanova, Anastasia

    2012-01-01

    over time continuous scanning, interpreting and reaction to such changes need to be established. Many studies have been able to show that establishing an SF system is judged as crucial by corporate management, but that paradoxically the implementation of successful practices remains limited. This can...

  12. Innovation in Business Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huettner, Christina; Brem, Alexander

    2017-01-01

    . Additionally, the authors introduce how adidas, as one of the world’s top sports brands, is managing such a transformation. Data were gained from direct observations of the project on-site and expert meetings, as well as from analysis of internal company documents. This results in an extension...... of the conceptual framework by adding case specific characteristics. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to deliver a model that can be used as an orientation in today’s corporate environment to follow all steps of the learning transformation in proper sequence and to consider all relevant elements. One finding...... is that companies have to be aware of the demands of new learners, which needs to be a leading principle for companies that implement a learning transformation. In subsequent processes, the organisation has to create clear objectives, implement a suitable corporate culture and establish learning spaces, followed...

  13. Influence of business contacts in orientation to innovation in women's enterprise; Influencia de los contactos de negocios en la orientacion a la innovacion de las empresas de mujeres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuentes, M. M.; Ruiz, M.; Bojica, A. M.

    2012-11-01

    This paper focuses on the effects of business contacts on the development of key entrepreneurial capabilities such as innovativeness in women-owned firms. To test our hypotheses, we use two different datasets referred to Spain in 2006. The joint analysis of both datasets indicates that knowing an entrepreneur could constitute more a model to follow than a useful contact for obtaining resources to improve firm's innovation. Additionally, our results show that a firm's stage of development is fundamental for explaining the kind of contacts that are relevant for innovativeness, suggesting that, as firms develop, business contacts become increasingly relevant. (Author) 62 refs.

  14. Interactive pinball business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Gudiksen, Sune Klok

    2012-01-01

    Interaction design expands into new fields. Interaction design and business model innovation is a promising meeting of disciplines: Many businesses see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, and, as business models pose highly dynamic and interactive problems, interaction design has much...

  15. Biodegradability of injection molded bioplastics containing polylactic acid and poultry feather fiber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biodegradability of three types of bioplastic pots was evaluated by measuring carbon dioxide (CO2) produced from lab-scale compost reactors containing mixtures of pot fragments and compost inoculum held at 58 C for 60 days. Biodegradability of pot type A (composed of 100% polylactic acid (PLA)) was...

  16. VT-NRK Toepassing bioplastics : verbeteren van de technische eigenschappen van PLA-folies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molenveld, K.; Schennink, G.G.J.

    2009-01-01

    Het doel van dit project, VT-NRK toepassing bioplastics, is het genereren en verspreiden van kennis met betrekking tot het verbeteren van de technische eigenschappen van PLA folies. De kennis is bedoeld voor de bedrijven die binnen de kunststofindustrie aangesloten zijn bij de MJA én folies producer

  17. A tuneable switch for controlling environmental degradation of bioplastics: addition of isothiazolinone to polyhydroxyalkanoates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolnough, Catherine Anne; Yee, Lachlan Hartley; Charlton, Timothy Stuart; Foster, Leslie John Ray

    2013-01-01

    Controlling the environmental degradation of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and polyhydroxyvalerate (P(HB-co-HV)) bioplastics would expand the range of their potential applications. Combining PHB and P(HB-co-HV) films with the anti-fouling agent 4,5-dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOI, biodegradable applications.

  18. Business Model Innovation,Safety Quality and Trust Restoring%商业模式创新、产品质量与信任重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹智; 肖诗梦; 刘衡

    2016-01-01

    当前质量与安全问题受到了社会的广泛关注,如何重建消费者对国产品的信任成为当务之急。不同于交易成本理论、制度理论、组织关系视角提出的方案,本研究分析了通过创新性商业模式重构消费者信任的机制。通过对轮胎行业的案例访谈,研究发现了两家企业通过商业模式创新提高了客户信任感的典型过程。作为轮胎设备制造商,SDRK 公司通过构建样板企业,使得客户对其技术和管理有直观的了解,而强化了信任关系;作为轮胎翻新服务商,DG H Y公司通过将供应商和客户的角色合二为一,使客户了解到该公司翻新轮胎的质量保证。透过这两个案例可以看到,适当的商业模式创新可以通过信息创造与传递机制,改变经验机制、计算机制或转移机制的强度,从而重构消费者信任。%As food security issues are pulicly concerned,it’s ergent to rebuild contumors’trust toward the national food industry.Different from prior solutions from traditional theories such as transaction cost theory,institutional theory,and inter-organizational relationship literature,this study analyzes how to rebuild consumers’trust through business model innovation.Two typical cases which improved customers’trust on their products through business model innovation were identified through our field interview in the Chinese tire industry.As a tire equiment provider,SDRK builds a model enterprise to enable customers to have better understandings of their techonologies and management,through which to strengthen the trust of their consumers;as a tire retreading firm, DGHY sells retreaded tires only to their major suppliers to gain the trust of their customers (also major suppliers).Thus,prelimanary conclusions can be drawn that business model innovation can rebuild trust by changing the rule of games and information creation and transfer.Specially,business model innovation can affect trust

  19. Follow the Leaders? An Analysis of Convergence and Innovation of Faculty Recruiting Practices in US Business Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, David; Deephouse, David L.; O'Reilly, Norm; Massie, Tyler; Hillenbrand, Carola

    2016-01-01

    The debate associated with the qualifications of business school faculty has raged since the 1959 release of the Gordon-Howell and Pierson reports, which encouraged business schools in the USA to enhance their legitimacy by increasing their faculties' doctoral qualifications and scholarly rigor. Today, the legitimacy of specific faculty…

  20. Research on Business Model Innovation of Travel Online Booking Website%旅游网站在线预订商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东娟

    2014-01-01

    网络和信息技术的发展带动了电子商务的高速发展,通过互联网预订旅游未来将占旅游预订总量的半数以上。目前,我国在线预订旅游市场已具有一定规模,且呈现多种商业模式并存的状态。在以技术快速变迁为特征的动态竞争环境下,企业要想更好地实现顾客价值和企业价值,就必须进行商业模式创新。根据文献研究,本文提出6个影响旅游在线预订网站商业模式创新的因素,通过问卷调查法获得实证数据,并利用SPSS17.0进行数据分析,认为企业家精神、技术推动、产业融合、市场拉动和市场环境压迫,是影响旅游在线预订网站进行商业模式创新的主要动力。%The development of network and information technology has driven the rapid development of e -business , in future, booking travel through internet will be more than half of all the reservation of travel .In China, the travel online booking market has formed , and shows a variety of business models .Under the dynamic competition environment being characterized by technology changing , it must innovate business model if the enterprise wants to realize value of customer and itself better .Through the former articles , this paper proposes 6 elements which influence the motivation of business model innovation of travel online booking website , and uses questionnaire survey method to collect data and uses SPSS 17.0 to analyze the data, then the paper comes to conclusion that the entrepreneurial spirit , the force of skill, integra-tion of industry , market pulling and competition are the main elements which influence the business model innovation mo -tivation of travel online booking website .

  1. The greenhouse gas emissions and fossil energy requirement of bioplastics from cradle to gate of a biomass refinery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jian; Chen, Lilian X L

    2008-09-15

    Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are promising eco-friendly bioplastics that can be produced from cellulosic ethanol biorefineries as value-added coproducts. A cradle-to-factory-gate life cycle assessment is performed with two important categories: the greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions and fossil energy requirement per kg of bioplastics produced. The analysis indicates that PHA bioplastics contribute clearly to the goal of mitigating GHG emissions with only 0.49 kg CO(2-e) being emitted from production of 1 kg of resin. Compared with 2-3 kg CO(2-e) of petrochemical counterparts, it is about 80% reduction of the global warming potential. The fossil energy requirement per kg of bioplastics is 44 MJ, lowerthan those of petrochemical counterparts (78-88 MJ/kg resin). About 62% of fossil energy is used for processing utilities and wastewater treatment, and the rest is required for raw materials in different life cycle stages.

  2. Business Inspiration: Small Business Leadership in Recovery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rae, David; Price, Liz; Bosworth, Gary; Parkinson, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Business Inspiration was a short, action-centred leadership and innovation development programme designed for owners and managers of smaller firms to address business survival and repositioning needs arising from the UK's economic downturn. The article examines the design and delivery of Business Inspiration and the impact of the programme on…

  3. 科技查新在企业创新中的服务拓展%Sci-Tech Novelty Retrieval Service Development in Business Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敏; 贾宝平; 刘小华

    2015-01-01

    During the times of economy globalization,innovation maintains the vitality of enterprises and enhances the competitiveness of enterprises. Innovation is the motivation for the economic development of a country. Sci-tech novelty retrieval possesses both professional retrieval resources and retrieval personnel to serve business in research project application,sci-tech achievements appraisement,achievement transformation,intellectual property protection and intellectual property appraisement.The technology combination of sci-tech novelty retrieval and business innovation, on the one hand can make the enterprise easier in the innovation,on the other hand can broaden sci-tech novelty retrieval new range of services beyond the pure research services.%在经济全球化的今天,创新是保持企业活力、提升企业竞争力的重要支撑,是一个国家经济发展的动力,而科技查新因为具备专业检索平台和专业检索人员的双重优势,可以为企业创新提供科研立项、成果鉴定、成果转化、知识产权保护、知识产权鉴别等多方面的服务。文章将科技查新与企业创新结合起来,一方面可以使企业在创新工作中事半功倍,另一方面可以拓宽科技查新的服务范围,在服务纯科研工作以外体现新的价值。

  4. 基于SNS的企业群体知识创新交互研究%The Research of Business Group Knowledge Innovation Interactive Based on SNS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宁

    2011-01-01

    Community knowledge innovation is an important way to the development of knowledge innovation.SNS provides a virtual network environment to promote the knowledge innovation.This article describes the characteristics of the SNS,analyses under the current technology environment,the changing patterns of group learning and the relationship between group learning interaction and enterprise knowledge innovation,proposed the concept structure of group behavior in business,build the group interactive learning mechanism based on SNS.%群体知识创新是目前知识创新发展的重要方式,SNS为促进知识创新提供了虚拟网络环境。本文介绍了SNS的特点,分析了当前技术环境下群体学习模式的变化以及群体交互学习与企业知识创新的关系,提出了企业群体行为的概念结构,构建了基于SNS的群体学习交互机制。

  5. 商业模式创新采纳影响因素研究%Influencing Factors of Business Model Innovation Adoption

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡保亮

    2013-01-01

    建立商业模式创新采纳影响因素研究模型,并通过案例调查获取122家服务业企业数据对该模型进行实证分析。研究表明,技术优势、高管支持有利于企业采纳产业模式创新维;资本供给有利于企业采纳企业模式创新维,市场需求则相反;市场需求、高管支持有利于企业采纳收入模式创新维,技术优势、资本供给则相反。%The paper builds the research model of business model innovation adoption and tests it with data from 122 service enterprises empirically .The results show that technology advantage and top management support have positive influence on industry model innovation; capital supply has positive influence on enterprise model innovation , and market demand has negative influence; market demand and top management support have positive influence on revenue model innovation , technology advantage and capital supply have negative influence .

  6. Developing Innovative Competences in an Emerging Business System: New Private Enterprises in Hangzhou’s Software Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. Greeven (Mark); Z. Xiaodong (Zhao)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractWhat kind of innovative competences are credibly developed by private entrepreneurs in China’s transition economy? On the basis of original empirical fieldwork in 45 software enterprises in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, we propose a working theory of innovative competence development in a

  7. 金融业务流程外包的软件经济学模型%Software economics model on the financial business process outsourcing Business Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林勇

    2009-01-01

    根据高德纳咨询公司测算,2008年全球业务流程外包(BPO,Business Process Outsourcing)的市场规模已达6825亿美元,而金融业务流程外包(Financial Business Process Outsourcing)是BPO的一个子集。所谓金融业务流程外包,即金融机构将自己基于IT技术之上的业务系统委托给专业公司,由其按照服务等级协定(SLA)的要求进行管理、运营和维护,在金融业也称为IT外包(IT Outsourcing)。

  8. Literature Review of Business Model Innovation for Platform Enterprise Based on the Use of Internet%基于互联网的平台型企业商业模式创新研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜

    2016-01-01

    In this paper ,based on the literature review about the platform based enterprise business model innovation published at home and abroad in recent years ,we analyzed the Platform Enterprise connotation .And on the basis of business model innovation meaning ,we gave a detailed analysis of the main methods of platform enterprise business model innovation ,features and critical success factors .Finally ,we built a theoretical framework model for platform enterprise business model innovation ,in order to lay a solid foundation for a more in depth research on platform enterprise business model innovation .%在对近年来发表的国内外关于平台型企业商业模式创新研究文献进行回溯的基础上,分析了平台企业内涵,并在给定商业模式创新内涵的基础上,对基于互联网平台企业商业模式创新路径、特征和关键成功要素进行了详细分析,构建了平台企业商业模式创新理论框架模型,为下一步深入研究奠定了坚实基础.

  9. Influence of sorbitol on mechanical and physico-chemical properties of soy protein-based bioplastics processed by injection molding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Felix

    Full Text Available Abstract Soy Protein Isolate (SPI has been evaluated as useful candidate for the development of protein-based bioplastic materials processed by injection molding. The influence of sorbitol (SB as plasticizer in mechanical properties and water uptake capacity was evaluated in SPI-based bioplastics. A mixing rheometer that allows monitoring torque and temperature during mixing and a small-scale-plunger-type injection molding machine were used to obtain SPI/Plasticizer blends and SPI-based bioplastics, respectively. Dynamic measurements were carried out to obtain mechanical spectra of different bioplastics. Moreover, the mechanical characterization was supplemented with uniaxial tensile tests. Additionally, the influence of SB in water uptake capacity was also evaluated. The introduction of SB leads to increase the rigidity of bioplastics as well as the water uptake capacity after 24h, however it involves a decrease in strain at break. Final bioplastics are plastic materials with both adequate properties for the substitution of conventional petroleum plastics and high biodegradability.

  10. 通过合作进行商务教育创新%Innovation in Business Education through Partnership

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萨拉波·斯温特姆博

    2002-01-01

    This case study of collaborative effort is one of several cases under taken from real business practices in an attempt to use real business situations and practices for classroom project in some courses at Bangkok University. The most important aim of using real cases would be to give students a chance to put theory into practice. To achieve the aims of using real cases, students would have to develop a model solving realistic problems given by an instructor.

  11. 微创新与科技型小微企业成长性研究%Micro -innovation and the Growing of Micro and Small Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹

    2015-01-01

    通过分析科技型小微企业的内涵及生存困境,认为微创新能力的提升是科技型小微企业提升核心竞争力、摆脱成长困境和保持企业持续成长的内在动力,并提出微创新能力提升的路径。具体措施包括:转变创新思维模式,树立创新成长理念;构建高效沟通平台,完善信息沟通机制;重构组织和资源,转变服务和创新模式;加强创新文化建设,搭建政府创新服务平台。%The improvement of micro innovative ability is regarded as the internal power for technology -based micro and small busines-ses to upgrade their core competence,get rid of the living dilemma,and keep the sustainable growth based on the analysis of the conno-tation and the living dilemma of micro and small businesses in this paper.The measures for these enterprises to improve their innovative ability are also put forward in the paper.

  12. Paradigm Innovation through the Strategic Collaboration between TORAY & UNIQLO : Evolution of A New Fast Fashion Business Model

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Eugene K.

    2011-01-01

    The key purpose of this study is to examine the remarkable context within the evolution of the paradigm innovation in fashion product development, in the case of Japanese fashion apparel, UNIQLO, created by Fast Retailing Corp in 1998. The key theme hereby concerns innovation, and this perspective surely necessitates Fast Retailing's strategic collaboration with a Japanese new material and artificial textile powerhouse, TORAY: as TORAY's technological provision was an essential source for the...

  13. 浅谈高职商务英语口语教学的创新%The Innovation of the Oral Business English Teaching in Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴睿

    2013-01-01

      本文介绍了高职商务英语教学的内涵,突出了口语教学的重要性,基于当前社会多元交际文化的碰撞,商务英语职业环境的角色需求,以及信息技术与教学课程整合的必然性,分析了新时期高职商务英语口语教学的新要求,奠定了创新高职商务英语口语教学的基础,并提出了创新教学的具体策略。%This paper introduced the connotation and emphasized the importance of the oral business English teaching in Vocation-al Schools. Based on the impacts of the diversified communica-tional culture, the demands of business English in the current oc-cupational environment and the integration of the information technology and the teaching practice, this paper also analyzed the new teaching requirements of the oral business English in voca-tional schools under the contemporary context and built a basis for the innovation of the teaching approaches. Meanwhile, it rec-ommended the specific teaching strategies.

  14. Online Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vujovic, Sladjana; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2008-01-01

    ways of communicating, cooperating and coordinating during the innovation and product development process. Moreover, it challenges the traditional business model in that it forces the actors involved to shift the focus from the innovation itself to the identification of new supporting services higher...... implications for existing software manufacturers. The paper therefore includes the case of IBM, a company which has successfully integrated this new and more open way of collaboration into its business model. Findings - The paper concludes that online computer-based innovation fundamentally challenges current......  Purpose - The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of online networking during the innovation process, including its role(s) in communication, cooperation and coordination. The paper neither implicitly assumes that online computer-based networking is a prerequisite for the innovation...

  15. Route Choosing of China’s Business Mode Innovation of Cultural and Creative Industry%中国文化创意产业商业模式创新的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王关义; 刘希

    2014-01-01

    The construction and path selection of business model directly affect competitiveness of cultur-al and creative industries.The most worthwhile change of China’s cultural and creative industries’ develop-ment road is the business model.The successful business model depends on the innovation management.In the market economy,the road of business model innovation in China’s development of cultural and creative in-dustries has a long way to go.This paper describes the concept of cultural and creative industries,the busi-ness model theory review,introducing case of “Chinese good voice”innovative business model,and makes the choice of Chinese cultural and creative industries business model innovation path.%商业模式的构建与路径选择,直接影响着文化创意产业的竞争力。中国文化创意产业的发展之道,最值得变革的就是商业模式,而成功的商业模式取决于创新管理。在市场经济当中,中国发展文化创意产业的商业模式创新之路任重而道远。本文从文化创意产业相关概念、商业模式相关理论综述出发,结合《中国好声音》栏目的商业创新模式案例,对中国文化创意产业商业模式创新的路径选择进行探讨。

  16. Processing of micro-nano bacterial cellulose with hydrolysis method as a reinforcing bioplastic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maryam, Maryam; Dedy, Rahmad; Yunizurwan, Yunizurwan

    2017-01-01

    Nanotechnology is the ability to create and manipulate atoms and molecules on the smallest of scales. Their size allows them to exhibit novel and significantly improved physical, chemical, biological properties, phenomena, and processes because of their size. The purpose of this research is obtaining micro-nano bacterial cellulose as reinforcing bioplastics. Bacterial cellulose (BC) was made from coconut water for two weeks. BC was dried and grinded. Bacterial cellulose was given purification process with NaOH 5% for 6 hours. Making the micro-nano bacterial cellulose with hydrolysis method. Hydrolysis process with hydrochloric acid (HCl) at the conditions 3,5M, 55°C, 6 hours. Drying process used spray dryer. The hydrolysis process was obtained bacterial cellulose with ±7 μm. The addition 2% micro-nano bacterial cellulose as reinforcing in bioplastics composite can improve the physical characteristics.

  17. Application of bioplastic moving bed biofilm carriers for the removal of synthetic pollutants from wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Accinelli, Cesare; Saccà, Maria Ludovica; Mencarelli, Mariangela; Vicari, Alberto

    2012-09-01

    In this series of laboratory experiments, the feasibility of using moving bed biofilm carriers (MBBC) manufactured from existing bioplastic-based products for the removal of bisphenol A, oseltamivir, and atrazine from wastewater was evaluated. After 10-d incubation, cumulative evolution of (14)CO(2) from control (no MBBC) wastewater spiked with (14)C-labeled bisphenol A, oseltamivir or atrazine, accounted for approximately 18%, 7% and 3.5% of the total added radioactivity, respectively. When wastewater samples were incubated with freely moving carriers, greater removal of the three chemicals was observed. More specifically, cumulative (14)CO(2) evolution of the three xenobiotics increased of 34%, 49%, and 66%, with respect to the control, respectively. Removal efficiency of MBBC was significantly increased by inoculating these bioplastic carriers with bioremediation bacterial strains. Results from this study suggest that the concept behind the moving bed biofilm reactor technology can also be extended to biodegradable carriers inoculated with bioremediation microorganisms.

  18. Biodegradability of injection molded bioplastic pots containing polylactic acid and poultry feather fiber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, H K; Huda, M S; Smith, M C; Mulbry, W; Schmidt, W F; Reeves, J B

    2011-04-01

    The biodegradability of three types of bioplastic pots was evaluated by measuring carbon dioxide produced from lab-scale compost reactors containing mixtures of pot fragments and compost inoculum held at 58 °C for 60 days. Biodegradability of pot type A (composed of 100% polylactic acid (PLA)) was very low (13 ± 3%) compared to literature values for other PLA materials. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) results suggest that the PLA undergoes chemical structural changes during polymer extrusion and injection molding. These changes may be the basis of the low biodegradability value. Biodegradability of pot types B (containing 5% poultry feather, 80% PLA, 15% starch), and C (containing 50% poultry feather, 25% urea, 25% glycerol), were 53 ± 2% and 39 ± 3%, respectively. More than 85% of the total biodegradation of these bioplastics occurred within 38 days. NIRS results revealed that poultry feather was not degraded during composting.

  19. Regional Innovation Clusters

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — The Regional Innovation Clusters serve a diverse group of sectors and geographies. Three of the initial pilot clusters, termed Advanced Defense Technology clusters,...

  20. Modification of polylactide bioplastic using hyperbranched polymer based nanostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhardwaj, Rahul

    Polylactide (PLA) is the most well known renewable resource based biodegradable polymer. The inherent brittleness and poor processability of PLA pose considerable technical challenges and limit its range of commercial applications. The broad objective of this research was to investigate novel pathways for polylactide modification to enhance its mechanical and rheological properties. The focus of this work was to tailor the architecture of a dendritic hyperbranched polymer (HBP) and study its influence on the mechanical and rheological properties of PLA bioplastic. The hyperbranched polymers under consideration are biodegradable aliphatic hydroxyl-functional hyperbranched polyesters having nanoscale dimensions, unique physical properties and high peripheral functionalities. This work relates to identifying a new and industrially relevant research methodology to develop PLA based nanoblends having outstanding stiffness-toughness balance. In this approach, a hydroxyl functional hyperbranched polymer was crosslinked in-situ with a polyanhydride (PA) in the PLA matrix during melt processing, leading to the generation of new nanoscale hyperbranched polymer based domains in the PLA matrix. Transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy revealed the "sea-island" morphology of PLA-crosslinked HBP blends. The domain size of a large portion of the crosslinked HBP particles in PLA matrix was less than 100 nm. The presence of crosslinked hyperbranched polymers exhibited more than 500% and 800% improvement in the tensile toughness and elongation at break values of PLA, respectively, with a minimal sacrifice of tensile strength and modulus as compared to unmodified PLA. The toughening mechanism of PLA in the presence of crosslinked HBP particles was comprised of shear yielding and crazing. The volume fraction of crosslinked HBP particles and matrix ligament thickness (inter-particle distance) were found to be the critical parameters for the toughening of PLA. The

  1. Using Innovative Tools to Teach Computer Application to Business Students--A Hawthorne Effect or Successful Implementation Here to Stay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Zeenath Reza

    2014-01-01

    A year after the primary study that tested the impact of introducing blended learning and guided discovery to help teach computer application to business students, this paper looks into the continued success of using guided discovery and blended learning with learning management system in and out of classrooms to enhance student learning.…

  2. Managing the Innovation Process: Infusing Data Analytics into the Undergraduate Business Curriculum (Lessons Learned and Next Steps)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wymbs, Cliff

    2016-01-01

    The designing of a new, potentially disruptive, curricular program, is not without challenges; however, it can be rewarding for students, faculty, and employers and serve as a template for other academics to follow. To be effective, the new data analytics program should be driven by business input and academic leadership that incorporates…

  3. Deterioration of bioplastic carrier bags in the environment and assessment of a new recycling alternative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Accinelli, Cesare; Saccà, Maria Ludovica; Mencarelli, Mariangela; Vicari, Alberto

    2012-09-01

    Increasing environmental concerns and the introduction of technologies based on renewable resources have stimulated the replacement of persistent petroleum-derived plastics with biodegradable plastics from biopolymers. As a consequence, a variety of products are currently manufactured from bioplastic, including carrier bags. This series of studies investigated the deterioration of carrier bags made with Mater-Bi (MB), a starch-based bioplastic, in soil, compost and two aquatic ecosystems, a littoral marsh and seawater. Results from the laboratory study indicated that bioplastic carrier bags were rapidly deteriorated in soil and compost. After three months of incubation, weight loss of specimens was of 37% and 43% in soil and compost, respectively. Conversely, little deterioration was observed in specimens buried in soil under field conditions or exposed to water of a littoral marsh and of the Adriatic Sea. These findings were consistent with the greater number of bacteria and especially fungi capable of degrading MB that were recovered from soil and compost with respect to the two aquatic ecosystems. Considering that a variety of microbial isolates are capable of using MB as a source of carbon, a new alternative to recycle these MB-based carrier bags was explored. More specifically, starchy residues from bags were fermented by the fungus Rhizopus oryzae to produce up to 35 mg of lactic acid per g of bag residues.

  4. Innovation: a necessary luxury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Duin, P.A.

    2015-01-01

    Innovate, innovate, innovate, it has become the mantra of any modern company. But how much stands of these ambitions after the business case is completed. And what does it take to truly innovate as a company. Patrick van der Duin sheds light on the subject from a corporate as well as an academic per

  5. The public knowledge challenge:Where the management of cities and business converge towards innovation and prosperity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijn, van S.; Tissen, R.J.

    2009-01-01

    The creative and innovative power of cities and regions is of decisive importance in materializing the Knowledge Based Economy on such a scale, that it will ultimately have a positive impact on the prosperity of citizens. (Grotenhuis 2007, Van Winden, Van den Berg en Pol 2007, Florida 2005, Landers

  6. Hanging with the Right Crowd: Crowdsourcing as a New Business Practice for Innovation, Productivity, Knowledge Capture, and Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Lisa B.

    2013-01-01

    In today's connected world, the reach of the Internet and collaborative social media tools have opened up new opportunities for individuals, regardless of their location, to share their knowledge, expertise, and creativity with others. These tools have also opened up opportunities for organizations to connect with new sources of innovation to…

  7. Play it forward: A Game-based tool for Sustainable Product and Business Model Innovation in the Fuzzy Front End

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dewulf, K.R.

    2010-01-01

    Dealing with sustainability in the fuzzy front end of innovation is complex and often hard. There are a number of tools available to guide designers, engineers and managers in the design process after the specifications of the product or service are already set, but methods supporting goal finding f

  8. The weak-ties in advanced business services as a major force of innovation and diffusion; Las Eak-Ties en los servicios avanzados a empresas como factor relevante de la innovacion y su difusion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almenar i Llongo, V.; Hernandez Sancho, F.; Solar i Marco, V.

    2012-07-01

    This paper tries to expose the role of weak-ties of advanced business services in both mechanisms which generate innovation as well as allow technological diffusion and transfer of innovations (spillovers). Assuming that the latest information generally flows to agents through weak ties, the Weak-Ties Hypothesis (WTH) is an approach that helps to explain the importance of the relations with the environment in the process of innovation and generation of new knowledge and its implementation and dissemination, evaluating the synergy's resulting from cooperation between agents. (Author) 21 refs.

  9. Innovative Framework for e-Government adoption in Saudi Arabia: A Study from the business sector perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saleh Alghamdi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available E-Government increases transparency and im-proves communication between the government and the users. Providing e-Government services to business sector is a fun-damental mission of governmental agencies in Saudi Arabia. However, the adoption of e-Government systems is less than satisfactory in many countries, particularly in developing coun-tries. This is a significant factor that can lead to e-Government failure and, therefore, to the waste of budget and effort. One pertinent, unanswered question is what are the key factors that influence the adoption and utilisation level of users from business sector. Unlike much research in the literature that has utilised common technology acceptance models and theories to analyse the adoption of e-Government, which may not be sufficient for such analysis, this study proposes a conceptual framework following a holistic approach to analyse key factors that influence the adoption and utilisation of e-Government in Saudi Arabia. The developed framework, E-Government Adoption and Utilisation Model (EGAUM, was developed based on critical evaluation of several common models and theories related to technology acceptance and use including Technology Acceptance Model (TAM and Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT, in conjunction with analysis of e-Government adoption literature. The study involved 48 participating business entities from two major cities in Saudi Arabia, Riyadh and Jeddah. The descriptive and statistical analyses are presented in this paper and the results indicated that all the proposed factors have degree of influence on the adoption and utilisation level. Perceived Benefits, Awareness, Previous Experience, and Regulations & Policies were found to be the significant factors that are most likely to influence the adoption and usage level of users from business sector.

  10. Is Patent Box a Solution to Retain and Attract Innovative Businesses in EU? History, Concept and Further Development

    OpenAIRE

    Ristea Luminita; Trandafir Adina

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays the concept of intellectual property (IP) became very important and sensitive. Using literature review, this article approach the IP problem from a business and taxation perspective.The key issue concept of patent box regime was treated presenting the main differences towards R&D tax credits in different countries. Our main conclusion is that, first of all, each country should understand the concept of patent box regime and after that shall research the ways to properly implement it ...

  11. Public and Business Regulation as the Basis of Self-Organization and Evolution of the National Innovation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Nikolaevich Dudin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The whole of the ХХ century and the first decade of the XXI century have revealed a lot of significant events to the international history, which not only exposed but also extremely exacerbated the problems describing the state of the public and business regulation at the national and regional levels. Their solution will require a search for compromise and the effort of many generations of the citizens of the world community.

  12. INTEGRATION OF THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY AND EDUCATION AS A FACTOR OF INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION'S ECONOMY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE LIPETSK REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. L. Esina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Modern global processes identified human capital, education and science as determinants of innovation development. In order to achieve economic growth the government should create the necessary conditions for effective interaction of business, scientific and educational processes at the level of each region. Most of the subjects of the Russian Federation tend to the mono-production of individual industries. The basic industry of the Lipetsk region is metallurgy. The policy of modernization and differentiation of economy allowed to reduce the share of this sector to 55% and led to the rapid development of other industries, agriculture, food and processing industry and construction. Innovations are widely supported and new types of production are created in the region. High rates of economic development have affected the regional labor market, changed the structure of labor demand and increased employers’ requirements to the quality of educational programs. The system of vocational education of the Lipetsk region is represented by the institutions of different levels. It offers a wide range of educational programs for traditional sectors of the regional economy. New and high-tech industries have a shortage of personnel. Employers demand engineering and technical professions and highly skilled workers. It is necessary to organize continuous improvement of qualification and create a system of continuous and advanced vocational education. To solve the problem of the shortage of labour in the region the Concept of "Human resource development of the Lipetsk region” was developed and approved. There is a Coordinating Council on staffing and vocational education. The road map for the creation of manufacturing and educational clusters was approved. Manufacturing and educational cluster of metallurgical profile proved to be effective. Three more manufacturing and educational clusters of machine-building, agriculture and construction profiles

  13. Understanding the Emergence of Disruptive Innovation in Air Force Science and Technology Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    the critical drivers, barriers, and dynamics of innovation in global business . Leading industry innovators have further analyzed the situation by... Global Business Services Business Week Magazine Results of National Innovation Summit Provides analysis of innovation ecosystem and...is essential for companies to eliminate the barriers of innovation and increase their innovative culture (AMA, 2006). IBM Global Business Services

  14. Workplace innovation and social innovation : an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Howaldt, Jürgen; Oeij, Peter R.A.; Dhondt, Steven; Fruytier, Ben

    2016-01-01

    This is the introduction to the special issue of World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development (WREMSD) dedicated to workplace innovation and social innovation related to work and organisation. As technological and business model innovations alone are not sufficient to enh

  15. Workplace innovation and social innovation: an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Howaldt, J.; Oeij, P.R.A.; Dhondt, S.; Fruytier, B.

    2016-01-01

    This is the introduction to this special issue of World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development (WREMSD) dedicated to workplace innovation and social innovation related to work and organisation. As technological and business model innovations alone are not sufficient to en

  16. BOP-oriented Business Model Innovation%低收入群体导向的商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝秀清; 张利平; 陈晓鹏; 仝允桓

    2013-01-01

    Alleviating poverty through market-based approach" is increasingly capturing the attention of academia and practitioners. Based on BOP-related literature review, this study proposes a five-dimension theoretical framework to analyze this BOP-oriented business model innovation. These five dimensions include BOP characteristic, value creation, social embeddedness, sustainability, and scalability. Then, followed by a multiple case study on six BOP businesses within Chinese context, this study inductively specifies this framework to a decision-making support model.%在梳理相关研究的基础上,提出面向BOP商业模式创新的理论分析框架,该框架包含BOP特征、价值主张、社会嵌入、可持续能力和扩展能力5个维度.之后,运用案例研究方法,以6个开展BOP业务的中国企业为研究对象,将这一理论分析框架扩展为可帮助企业进行BOP商业实践的决策支持模型.

  17. Business Model Innovation of Construction Enterprise Based on the 12th Five-Year Plan%基于"十二五"规划的建筑施工企业商业模式创新初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐卫华

    2011-01-01

    Business model innovation has been an important method to make upgrade business in industrial development. And more and more construction companies try to achieve model-transfer upgrading through business model innovation in fierce price competition times. Based on comparison of business model innovation between China and developed countries, the brainstorming proposed in this paper is used to expand the traditional business field as much as possible, and a new evalualion model is also built in this paper.%商业模式创新已成为"十二五"规划产业发展的新引擎,建筑施工企业激烈的成本竞争,也使得越来越多的建筑施工企业试图通过商业模式创新实现产业转型及升级.在对比总结国内外建筑企业商业模式的基础上,采用"头脑风暴"法对以房建业务为主的建筑施工企业商业模式创新路径进行尽可能的扩展,并建立一种新的商业模式创新评估模型.

  18. Innovation of Steel Trade Business Model and Liquidity Management Issues%钢贸企业经营模式创新和流动资金管理问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    应普程

    2014-01-01

    实施经营模式创新,已成为当前钢贸企业走出困境的必由之路。应收款、预付款和库存三个方面是当前钢贸企业日常经营风险的重点之所在。本文对创新钢贸企业经营模式和改进流动资金(应收款、预付款和库存)管理进行探讨。%Implementation of business model innovation has become the only way for steel enterprises out of difficulty currently. Receivables, prepayments and inventories dimensions are the focus of business risk for current steel trade enterprises. This paper discussed the innovation of steel trade enterprise business model and improvement of liquidity (receivables, prepayments and inventories) management.

  19. 中小企业商业模式创新的现实意义与实现途径%Realistic Meaning and Realization Path of SMEs' Business Model Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴群

    2012-01-01

    商业模式创新是中小企业转型升级的有效途径。商业模式诠释了公司价值的来源,是企业的主动选择,具有系统性、逻辑性、具体性、形象性和创新性等特色。中小企业商业模式以完善型和改变型为主,通过可分收入式模式、专业化模式、协作式模式创新以及有机融合,实现重新定义客户、重新定义服务、重新定义沟通、重新定义供应链构架等模式创新。商业模式创新的成功取决于创新途径的正确选择。要坚持能使企业发挥自身优势的细分市场来进行专业化经营,促进企业持久发展;培育中小企业商业模式创新的动力机制,营造良好的外部环境;促进中小企业电子商务向国际化、专业化与纵深化方向发展。%Business model innovation is to redesign the SMEs' survival mode. For SMEs, it is not only an important way to integrate resources and to enhance the core competitiveness, but also key ability to adapt to environ- mental changes and to participate in market competition. The business model interprets the value source of company. It has the following features : systematicness, logicality, materiality, figurativeness and innovativeness. SMEs' business models innovation mainly includes improve type and change service, communication, supply chain, and so on, through divisible type. They implement to redefine customers, revenue model innovation, specialization model innovation, cooperation model innovation, etc. Success of business model innovative depends on the choice for innovative ways, that is to say, to adhere professional operation based on oneself advantages in order to promote SMEs' sustainable development, to foster the dynamic mechanism of the SMEs' business model innovation in order to create favorable external environment, to promote internationalization, specialization and deepening of SMEs' e - commerce.

  20. Investigating the Mechanical Properties and Degradability of Bioplastics Made from Wheat Straw Cellulose and Date Palm Fiber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Omrani Fard

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available During the past two decades, the use of bioplastics as an alternative to regular plastics has received much attention in many different industries. The mechanical and degradable properties of bioplastic are important for their utilization. In this research cellulose of wheat straw and glycerol were mixed by different weight ratios and then reinforced by using date palm fibers. To prepare the bioplastic plates, the materials were poured in molds and pressed by means of a hydraulic press and simultaneously heating of the molds. The experiments were performed based on a 3×3 factorial design with three levels: 50%, 60% and 70% of wheat cellulose and three types of reinforcement methods, namely: no-reinforcement, network reinforcement and parallel string reinforcement. The effect of the two factors on tensile strength, tensile strain, bending strength, modulus of elasticity and modulus of bending were investigated. The results indicated that the two factors and their interactions had significant effects on the mentioned properties of bioplastics (at α=0.05 level . The comparison of the means of the tests showed that the network reinforcement type with 50% cellulose had the highest tensile and bending strengths with 1992.02 and 28.71 MPa, respectively. The maximum modulus of elasticity and modulus bending were 40.4 and 2.3 MPa, respectively for parallel string arrangement and 70% of cellulose. The degradability tests of bioplastic using a fistulated sheep indicated that with increasing the percentage of cellulose, the degradability rate deceased. The maximum degradability rate, after 48 h holding in the sheep rumen, was 74% that belonged to bioplastics with 50% cellulose. The degradability data were well fitted to a mathematical model (R2=0.97.

  1. Draft genome sequence of Halomonas sp. strain KM-1, a moderately halophilic bacterium that produces the bioplastic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawata, Yoshikazu; Kawasaki, Kazunori; Shigeri, Yasushi

    2012-05-01

    We report the draft genome sequence of Halomonas sp. strain KM-1, which was isolated in Ikeda City, Osaka, Japan, and which produces the bioplastic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate). The total length of the assembled genome is 4,992,811 bp, and 4,220 coding sequences were predicted within the genome. Genes encoding proteins that are involved in the production and depolymerization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) were identified. The identification of these genes might be of use in the production of the bioplastic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and its monomer 3-hydroxybutyrate.

  2. Knowledge Innovation of Hotel Business Based on the Experience Perspective%基于体验视角的酒店企业知识创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵振宽

    2012-01-01

    酒店企业所提供的服务好坏主要体现在是否能够带给顾客真正的体验价值,这就决定了其服务知识创新必须从顾客体验的视角来进行,才能不断提升服务品质。基于这一视角,酒店企业可以在对顾客服务中遵循知识创新的SRO—ECI过程,包括暗默知识的共同化(S)、关联化(R)、吸收化(0)、表出化(E)以及形式知识的连接化(C)和内化(I)过程。因此,以不断提升顾客体验价值为目标,遵循SRO—ECI知识创新过程来进行酒店服务知识创新,最终会促使酒店企业取得较高的经营绩效。%Hotel service quality is mainly determined by whether it can bring each customer real value of experience. So, the hotel service knowledge innovation must be made from the viewpoint of customer experience in order to enhance its service quality continuously. Based on this viewpoint, hospitality can obey the SRO-ECI process of knowledge innovation in the hotel service, including the Socialization of Tacit Knowledge (S), Correlation (R), Obsorbing (O), Externalization of Explicit Knowledge(E), Combination(C) and Internalization(I) process. Therefore, aiming at the objective of improving the value of customer experience continuously, and following the process of SRO-ECI knowledge innovation to make hospitality knowledge innovation, will promote hospitality to achieve higher business performance ultimately.

  3. Participatory Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Matthews, Ben

    In this paper we discuss the potential for Participatory Design (PD) to make a fundamental contribution to the business-oriented field of user-driven innovation, taking note of where we find PD can best benefit from interaction with this other field. We examine some of the challenges that must...... be addressed if PD is to contribute to innovation processes in companies. We conclude by presenting a research agenda comprising of six promising topics to shape a new discipline of Participatory Innovation....

  4. Innovating Business Marketing and Enhancing Product Value%创新企业营销增强产品价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周艺影

    2013-01-01

      日臻完善的市场经济,要求企业营销必须向纵深发展,而处于企业核心地位的营销工作涉及到方方面面,必须从营销理念、营销组织、营销渠道、产品营销、品牌营销、服务营销诸多方面加以推进,以实现企业的可持续发展。%The gradually perfecting market economy requires enterprises to market in depth and breadth. Marketing is the core of business and involves many factors. In order to achieve sustainable development, the enterprises must advance in marketing concept, marketing organization, marketing channels, product marketing, brand marketing, service marketing and other aspects.

  5. POCIB:The Important Means to Promote Teaching Innovation of Business English%POCIB:商务英语教学以赛促改的重要平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑婉辉

    2016-01-01

    商务英语专业经过十年的发展,已经到了必须进行深化教学改革的阶段。在众多改革途径中,外贸技能竞赛如POCIB大赛已成为各校商务英语专业建设和教学改革的重要途径。POCIB有效地缩小了实际教学与商务英语课程要求的差距,因此,商务英语教学应以POCIB为平台,实现教学方法、硬件和软件、人才培养方案优化和考核体系等方面的深化改革。%After ten years'development,Business English Major has to carry out Teaching Innovation now.In most of ways to innovate,foreign trade skill competition has become the the important means to promote building and teaching innovation of Business English of most colleges.POCIB has effectively reduced the disparity gap between teaching and course requirement. Therefore,Business English teaching should make use of POCIB to realize the innovation of teaching method,hardware and software,optimizing education plan and the appraisal program.

  6. Business Model Innovation, Technological Innovation and Firm Performance:An Empirical Study of Listed Companies on the GEM%商业模式创新、技术创新与企业绩效关系:基于创业板上市企业的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡保亮

    2012-01-01

    Business model innovation and technological innovation are the important approaches to improve the competitiveness and performance. Using the 58 listed companies on the GEM as the sample, this paper investigate into the relationship between the business model innovation and firm performance, technological innovation and firm performance as well as the interaction between business model innovation and technological innovation. The results show that business model innovation only has the significant positive effect on the operating income growth, technological innovation only has the significant positive effect on the profit growth and they are complementary with each other, and the interaction between them has significant positive effect on the firm performance(operating income growth and profit growth). These discoveries show that for the firms, especially those Hi-tech SMEs similar to the listed companies in the GEM, the contributions to the firm performance from the business model innovation and technological innovation are different and only by jointly carrying on the business model innovation and technological innovation and forming the complementary relationship, the full success of business model innovation and technological innovation can be ensured, and the firm performance can be comprehensively enhanced.%商业模式创新、技术创新都是企业提升竞争力和绩效的重要手段.以58家创业板上市企业为样本,对商业模式创新与企业绩效的关系、技术创新与企业绩效的关系以及商业模式创新与技术创新的交互作用进行了研究.结果发现:商业模式创新只对企业营业收入增长具有显著的正向影响,技术创新只对企业利润增长具有显著的正向影响,而商业模式创新与技术创新是互补关系,二者的交互对企业绩效(营业收入增长、利润增长)具有显著的正向影响.这些结果表明,对于企业特别是类似于在创业板上市的科技型中小

  7. 反应型和先动型市场导向对产品创新和经营绩效的影响研究%Impact of Responsive and Proactive Market Orientation on Product Innovation and Business Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婧; 赵紫锟

    2011-01-01

    This study examines whether and how responsive and proactive market orientations impact exploratory innovation and exploitative innovation, and finally improve overall business performance. A questionnaire survey conducted among 227 manufacturing firms in mainland China reveals that- (1) the measurement scales of responsive and proactive market orientation as well as exploratory and exploitative innovation, developed by western scholars, also have acceptable reliability and validity in Chinese manufacturers; (2) both types of market orientations are positively related to both types of innovation, while proactive market orientation impacts product innovation and business performance more significantly; (3) both types of innovation contribute to overall business performance; (4) innovation ambidexterity can also improve business performance significantly. Managerial implications are provided for Chinese manufacturers to decide on to what extent they should adopt market orientation as strategy management tool in order to attain satisfactory new product performance and business performance.%探讨了反应型和先动型市场导向是否影响以及如何影响利用式创新和探索式创新,进而影响企业的经营绩效.对227家制造型企业的问卷调查研究结果显示:①反应型和先动型市场导向及利用式和探索式创新量表在我国制造业环境下具有良好的信度和效度;②2种类型市场导向对2种程度的创新均具有正向影响,其中,先动型市场导向对组织创新和企业绩效的促进作用更为明显;③2种类型的创新都有助于改善企业绩效;④创新均衡对企业绩效的改善也有显著作用.此外,研究为我国制造企业在何种程度上采纳市场导向战略管理工具来改善组织创新和经营绩效,提供了管理上的启示.

  8. [The emergency plastic reconstruction of the tympanic membrane defects of post-traumatic and iatrogenic etiology with the application of the nanostructured bioplastic material].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabirov, R A; Kar'kaeva, S M; Shchetinin, V N; Akimov, A V

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to estimate the effectiveness of the application of the nanostructured bioplastic material for the plastic reconstruction of tympanic defects of post-traumatic and iatrogenic etiology. The authors report the results of the emergency plastic reconstruction of tympanic defects of post-traumatic and iatrogenic nature with the application of the nanostructured bioplastic material (giamatrix). The analysis of the results of the study prfovidd definitive evidence of the effectiveness of plastic reconstruction of tympanic defects with the application of the nanostructured bioplastic material.

  9. 电动汽车商业模式综合性分析与创新性思考%Electric car business model integrated analysis and innovative thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张泓

    2014-01-01

    本文对电动汽车现有商业模式进行了回顾与总结,全面分析了影响因素,并进行了思考,最后提出一种电动汽车创新商业模式的设想。%This paper reviewed and summarized the existing electric cars business model, a comprehensive analysis of the influencing factors, and thought, finally propose an electric car business model innovation.

  10. Enacting Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michea, Adela

    companies is an intricate process, and a mountain to climb in the eyes of top management. Often, in the choice between innovation and control the latter wins. Studies have shown that technologies and processes, which have the potential to challenge the exiting model, are being filtered out. In here......This is an ethnographic study of business model innovation in an established manufacturing company. The motivation of the thesis is to propose a sensemaking (Weick, 1995), with focus on enactment (Weick, 1979), analysis of a business model innovation process, stepping outside the usual perspectives...... employed in analysing such a phenomenon, namely activity system, dynamic capability and transaction costs, discovery driven or cognitive perspective. The research question guiding the thesis is: How do established companies enact new business models? The innovation of business models in established...

  11. Radio and Television Networks Business Model Innovation%广电网络商业运营模式创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谌秉盈

    2014-01-01

    广电网络一直专注于产品和产品创新,在三网融合的大背景下,面对激烈竞争,要想取得比较优势是很困难的。为了打破现有的困局,做好现有成熟产品的营销,广电网络运营商应该充分利用互联网等新技术来开拓未来的转型发展之路。%The radio and television network has been focused on products and product innovation .In the back-drop of the three network intersection and fierce competition , it is very difficult to obtain comparative advan-tage .How to break the ice?How to do the marketing of mature products well? Radio and television networks should make full use of the Internet and other new technology to explore the transformation of the development in the future .

  12. The property and effect of bioplastic pots on the growth and developmental physiology of Lily and Begonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Three different injection molded bioplastic (BP) pots, BP 29, BP 32, and BP 45 pots, containing processed feather fibers, were evaluated. Growth and flowering of Lilium hybrid ‘Triumphator’ and Begonia ‘Bonfire’ were evaluated in new and reused BP pots. Net photosynthesis was measured and macro- and...

  13. A tuneable switch for controlling environmental degradation of bioplastics: addition of isothiazolinone to polyhydroxyalkanoates.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Anne Woolnough

    Full Text Available Controlling the environmental degradation of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB and polyhydroxyvalerate (P(HB-co-HV bioplastics would expand the range of their potential applications. Combining PHB and P(HB-co-HV films with the anti-fouling agent 4,5-dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOI, <10% w/w restricted microbial colonisation in soil, but did not significantly affect melting temperature or the tensile strength of films. DCOI films showed reduced biofouling and postponed the onset of weight loss by up to 100 days, a 10-fold increase compared to unmodified films where the microbial coverage was significant. In addition, the rate of PHA-DCOI weight loss, post-onset, reduced by about 150%; in contrast a recorded weight loss of only 0.05% per day for P(HB-co-HV with a 10% DCOI loading was observed. This is in stark contrast to the unmodified PHB film, where a recorded weight loss of only 0.75% per day was made. The 'switch' that initiates film weight loss, and its subsequent reduced rate, depended on the DCOI loading to control biofouling. The control of biofouling and environmental degradation for these DCOI modified bioplastics increases their potential use in biodegradable applications.

  14. Assessment of models for anaerobic biodegradation of a model bioplastic: Poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Cecily A; Billington, Sarah L; Criddle, Craig S

    2017-03-01

    Kinetic models of anaerobic digestion (AD) are widely applied to soluble and particulate substrates, but have not been systematically evaluated for bioplastics. Here, five models are evaluated to determine their suitability for modeling of anaerobic biodegradation of the bioplastic poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV): (1) first-order kinetics with and without a lag phase, (2) two-step first-order, (3) Monod (4) Contois, and (5) Gompertz. Three models that couple biomass growth with substrate hydrolysis (Monod, Contois, and Gompertz) gave the best overall fits for the data (R(2)>0.98), with reasonable estimates of ultimate CH4 production. The particle size limits of these models were then evaluated. Below a particle size of 0.8mm, rates of hydrolysis and acetogenesis exceeded rates of methanogenesis with accumulation of intermediates leading to a temporary inhibition of CH4 production. Based on model fit and simplicity, the Gompertz model is recommended for applications in which particle size is greater than 0.8mm.

  15. Analysis of Logistics Enterprise Business Innovation Based on Evolution of Marketing Mix Strategy%基于营销组合策略演进的物流企业业务创新分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王高社; 吴志强

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,from an evolutionary perspective on marketing mix strategy,we analyzed the characteristics,driving force and strategy of logistics enterprise business innovation and provided the preliminary framework for the theoretical analysis of the business innovation of logistics enterprises.%主要从营销组合策略演进的视角,分析物流企业业务创新的特点、业务创新的驱动力以及创新的策略,为物流企业的业务创新提供了初步的理论分析框架,对物流企业的发展具有一定的参考价值和借鉴意义.

  16. The Business Modeling Lab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Mitchell, Robb

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a set of techniques for modelling business in rich, tangible formats. These tangible formats were developed in companies and educational settings and have proven extraordinarily successful in initiating conversations about how to innovate business in cross-disciplinary and cross...... to the success we cannot yet explain....

  17. INSTITUTIONS OF SUPPORT FOR INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila TIMOTIN

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the specific forms of support for innovative entrepreneurship, including those oriented towards government cooperation,scientific research institutions and enterprises, in particular innovation vouchers, innovation incubators, clusters. The solution of the financial problems of the innovative business currently takes place through special institutions – venture capital funds, business angels.

  18. The spatial industrial organization of innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruijn, P.J.M. de

    2010-01-01

    This study offers insight in spatial dimensions of innovation. It combines insights gained from economic geography (territorial innovation models and the geography of innovation), industrial organization (transaction cost economics and the competence-based approach) and international business manage

  19. Adaptive Crowdsourcing and Improved Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edgeman, Rick; Engell, Toke; Jensen, Nik Grewy

    Crowdsourcing is central to enterprise open innovation efforts, providing a source of labor, funding, and ideas. Though use of crowdsourcing in selected environments is well understood, application in business-to-business (B2B) market environments has been limited. Selected reasons for this, incl...... improvements are extracted are science parks, innovation clusters, innovation contests, free zones, smart cities, government-to-citizen interaction, and citizen science.......Crowdsourcing is central to enterprise open innovation efforts, providing a source of labor, funding, and ideas. Though use of crowdsourcing in selected environments is well understood, application in business-to-business (B2B) market environments has been limited. Selected reasons for this...

  20. Everyday-Oriented Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munnecke, Max

    The exploration of radical innovation has long been regarded as fundamental to business growth. In the 21st century, modern organisations increasingly seek to combine business innovation with the broader goal to confront social and environmental challenges. Vision projects are related phenomena...... which explore and map radical innovation opportunities within everyday activities. The aim of a vision project is to produce an innovation map that can empower an organisation to navigate between potential innovation opportunities and pro‐actively confront modern challenges for the benefit of people......, business, and society. The study addresses the concern that vision projects do not produce sufficient navigational innovation maps, and seeks to improve their quality by modelling a new methodological framework. The study was conducted as a series of four research cycles which modelled and experimented...

  1. Global business networks and technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pomykalski Andrzej

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The current economic development changes the perception of technology innovation and business cooperation. Global business networks create very competitive markets characterised by constant innovation and dynamic changes. Further changes may come with growing involvement of active consumers and the development of Internet of Things. Focusing mainly on activities of multinational business networks operating in Poland the author describes selected aspects of gradual adoption of innovation management concepts in firms. The article provides with an overview of concepts described in innovation management literature during the last decade and of new concepts evolving.

  2. Organizaitonal Innovation and Network Management-Review of the Third (2016) Symposium on Network Management and Business Model Innovation%组织创新与网络治理--“第三届(2016)网络治理与商业模式创新研讨会”观点综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜

    2016-01-01

    本文对“第三届(2016)网络治理与商业模式创新研讨会”的主要学术观点进行综述,涉及网络商业模式创新及演化、商业模式创新与绩效、网络治理与开放式创新、供应链网络与集群网络治理等方面,反映了国内学者围绕网络组织的形成运行与治理、商业模式的新一轮创新等问题最新的理论和实践探索。%In this paper, we summarized the main academic points from “The Third (2016 ) Symposium on Network Management and Business Model Innovation”involving network business model innovation and evolution,business model innovation and performance,network governance and open innovation,supply chain networks and clusters of network governance etc.The article shows the latest theories and practices aiming a new round of innovation problems given by the domestic scholars based on the formation and operation of network organization.

  3. 16 tales of innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    16 Tales of Innovation are told by 16 leaders, who have completed the LAICS executive master program, a collaboration between Aarhus University and Copenhagen Business School. The book is based on their Master theses and illustrates how they have experimented with different innovation tools, mode...... and innovation theories within their own organization. Here they share their unique insights into the processes, methods and the impact of their academic work with innovation in practice....

  4. INNOVATION IN THE EU CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUNTEANU ALIN DANIEL

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A key role in developing business and public-private has innovation indicator that reflects the strengths of national research and innovation systems. A high average-innovation indicator reported in a million people indicate a good connection between science and business. Also, technology transfer is reflected by the indicator license/patent. These two indicators reflect the overall performance of a society that balance between research and innovation.

  5. Interview: Professor Helle Neergaard, President of the European Council for Small Business and Entrepreneurship, on the Nature of Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Industry and Higher Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    On August 13, 2014, Rita G. Klapper conducted a Skype interview with Helle Neergaard. Neergaard is not only President of the European Council for Small Business and Entrepreneurship, but also Docent at the Hanken School of Economics, and Professor at iCARE, Department of Business Administration, School of Business and Social Sciences, University…

  6. Impact of Post-Secondary Business Teacher Educators' Employment Characteristics and Innovation Factors on Their Adoption of Current Computer Technologies as a Pedagogical Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Betty F.; Gaytan, Jorge A.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Business teacher educators prepare business teachers and workers to be successful in today's constantly changing technological environment. Therefore, business teacher educators must meet the challenge to be prepared technologically to educate their students for the workforce. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine…

  7. The Value Orientation of Business Model Innovation in the Green Economy Field of View%绿色经济视野下商业模式创新的价值取向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛世英

    2011-01-01

    Business model innovation as a modern new type of innovation, is of absolute necessity to develop green economy. It can fully adapt to the need and the changes of green market, efficiently face up to challenges of the green market competition, and promote green technology innovation to go to market. Green business model innovation ought to take the win-win of economic development and environmental protection and save resources as the value orientation, and realize the unity of ecology-and marketization, which mainly including: combining saving production cost with demands of saving energy and reducing sewage discharge, combining green technology innovation with the blue ocean strategy, linking innovation with the specific situation of the country, combining green corporate culture with marketing, carrying out the green branding strategy, and etc.%商业模式创新作为当代一种新型创新形态,对于发展绿色经济具有不可或缺的重要性,能充分适应绿色市场的需求及其变化,有效应对绿色市场竞争的挑战,并促进绿色技术创新走向市场.绿色商业模式创新应以经济发展与环保、节约资源的双赢为价值取向,实现生态化与市场化的统一,主要包括:将节省生产成本与节能减排要求相结合,将绿色技术创新与蓝海战略相结合,联系国情实际进行创新,将绿色文化建设与市场营销相结合,实施绿色品牌战略等.

  8. Globalization, Entrepreneurship and Small Business

    OpenAIRE

    Stan ªtefania Anca

    2012-01-01

    New product innovation often comes from small business. Most the radical inventions of the last century, such as the computer, come from small companies, not large ones. And this will not change. Globalization will continue to modify and mold the environment or small business and entrepreneurship. The competition from abroad places strong pressure on small business in terms of efficiency, price, quality, cost, control, marketing, expertise, customer satisfaction and innovativeness. Globalizat...

  9. 面向生态创新的商业模式与企业绩效研究述评%Business Model for Eco-innovation and Firm Performance Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荆浩; 张冬秀

    2013-01-01

    Under the background of global green economic development and ecological civilization construction in China,the role of eco-innovation in prompting green growth is played increasingly.As the main incentive of eco-innovation,the transformation of business model and its influence on eco-innovation and firm performance have become the focus of many people.This paper integrates the eco-innovation and business model.It summarizes the theoretic research about business model for eco-innovation from the aspect of theory and concept deduction,theory construction based on case study,etc.The empirical research about the relationship among eco-innovation,business model and firm performance is also generalized.Finally,it discusses the inadequacies in the previous works and gives suggestions to the further research work.%在全球大力发展绿色经济和中国推进生态文明建设的背景下,以环境效益提升为目标的生态创新,在推动绿色成长中的作用日益凸现出来.作为拉动生态创新的重要诱因,商业模式的转型及对生态创新和企业绩效的影响成为人们关注的焦点.本文将生态创新和商业模式进行融合,在理论层面围绕理论和概念演绎、基于案例的理论构建等方面总结了生态创新背景下的商业模式相关研究,在实证层面对生态创新、商业模式与企业绩效的相关研究进行了梳理,指出了当前研究存在的不足,并对未来研究进行了展望.

  10. 美国小企业技术创新政策环境分析%Analysis on the Policy Environment for Promoting Small Business Technology Innovation in USA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛

    2014-01-01

    The U.S. government is committed to establish excellent policy environment for promoting small business technology innovation. In 1953, the U.S. set up the Small Business Administration to drive small-sized enterprises to join the innovation program granted by the federal government, then has developed a series of policies to support small-sized enterprises’ innovation. This article deeply studied the policy system in the U.S. to boost technology innovation in small businesses. It is discovered that the U.S. has already build a uniifed system integrating laws, fiscal and taxation policies, government procurement and innovation service systems. In this network, a close relationship among governments, non-government organizations, private investors and small businesses has been maintained, which is devoted to improve the U.S. innovation and economy.%美国政府十分重视小企业技术创新政策环境建设。1953 年,美国成立了小企业管理局,鼓励小企业参与联邦层面的技术创新活动,并相继出台了一系列支持小企业技术创新的政策和措施。目前,美国已经形成了一个集法律、财税政策、政府采购、配套服务体系为一体的小企业创新体系。在这套体系下,美国政府和非政府组织、私人投资者及小企业形成了良好的合作关系,共同推动美国创新能力的提高和经济发展。美国政府为小企业技术创新创造良好环境的做法和经验,值得我们深入研究和学习借鉴。

  11. Degradation of starch-poly(beta-hydroxybutyrate-co-beta-hydroxyvalerate) bioplastic in tropical coastal waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imam, S H; Gordon, S H; Shogren, R L; Tosteson, T R; Govind, N S; Greene, R V

    1999-02-01

    Extruded bioplastic was prepared from cornstarch or poly(beta-hydroxybutyrate-co-beta-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) or blends of cornstarch and PHBV. The blended formulations contained 30 or 50% starch in the presence or absence of polyethylene oxide (PEO), which enhances adherence of starch granules to PHBV. Degradation of these formulations was monitored for 1 year at four stations in coastal water southwest of Puerto Rico. Two stations were within a mangrove stand. The other two were offshore; one of these stations was on a shallow shoulder of a reef, and the other was at a location in deeper water. Microbial enumeration at the four stations revealed considerable flux in the populations over the course of the year. However, in general, the overall population densities were 1 order of magnitude less at the deeper-water station than at the other stations. Starch degraders were 10- to 50-fold more prevalent than PHBV degraders at all of the stations. Accordingly, degradation of the bioplastic, as determined by weight loss and deterioration of tensile properties, correlated with the amount of starch present (100% starch >50% starch > 30% starch > 100% PHBV). Incorporation of PEO into blends slightly retarded the rate of degradation. The rate of loss of starch from the 100% starch samples was about 2%/day, while the rate of loss of PHBV from the 100% PHBV samples was about 0.1%/day. Biphasic weight loss was observed for the starch-PHBV blends at all of the stations. A predictive mathematical model for loss of individual polymers from a 30% starch-70% PHBV formulation was developed and experimentally validated. The model showed that PHBV degradation was delayed 50 days until more than 80% of the starch was consumed and predicted that starch and PHBV in the blend had half-lives of 19 and 158 days, respectively. Consistent with the relatively low microbial populations, bioplastic degradation at the deeper-water station exhibited an initial lag period, after which degradation

  12. 电子商务市场特征对产品创新影响的实证研究%Influences of Characteristics of E-Business Market on Product Innovation:An Empirical Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑称德; 王倩; 刘涴潇; 倪亮亮; 吴宜真

    2014-01-01

    Theory of e-business value creation notes that e-business firms can effectively accrue or newly generate customer value through product innovations.However, a variety of environmental factors of e-business market may have significant influence on product innovation whereas researchers still exert their efforts on the conventional market and pay little attention to product inno-vation in e-business firms.Adopting theories of e-business customer value, herding behavior, multiple innovation, organization learning and information overloading, this paper establishes the research model and hypotheses concerning the impacts of two im-portant characteristics of e-business market named as market information and competition intensity on propensity and performance of product innovation of e-business firms.Survey data collected from 309 e-business firms on the largest B2C open platform ( i. e., Tmall.com) is analyzed through multiple regression method to validate the hypotheses.The results show that propensity of product innovation can significantly enhance performance of e-business firms.Both market information and competition intensity positively affect propensity of product innovation whereas competition intensity negatively moderates the impact of market informa-tion on propensity of product innovation.Furthermore, the results indicate that competition intensity has no moderating effect on the relationship between propensity of product innovation and firm performance, because rapidly growing e-business market can provide Shumpeterian rents to both innovators and followers.Escape-competition effect rather than Schumpeterian effect domi-nates innovative behavior of e-commerce firms.In the end, the paper presents its practical implications for e-business firms.%根据电子商务价值理论,电子商务企业进行产品创新能有效提升或创造客户价值,但电子商务市场环境因素可能会影响电子商务企业的产品创新,而已有关于产品创

  13. Successful innovation by motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Koudelková

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is one of the most important factors for business growth. Human capital plays a significant role in the successful process of innovation. This article deals with employee motivation in the innovation process and the main scientific aim of this study is to present results of research that was undertaken in the Czech Republic at the beginning of 2013. Questionnaires were used for the survey and statistical analyses such as Chi square test or Hierarchical cluster analysis were used for data processing. This study also provides a theoretical and practical overview of business innovation in the Czech Republic.

  14. Revelation and Innovation of Value

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe

    of values that are innovated as they are “broken through” using Tillich’s notion of revelation in art and his anthropology. The project adds to the understanding of the innovation process as it focuses on the moment as a breakthrough, a fragmentary revelation that unites past, present and future. The form......Kristin F. Saghaug’s Phd thesis investigates the interaction of revelatory theology, artistic creativity and small business owners in a business model innovation context. This project challenges mainstream business management’s concept of value and adds to the understanding of the innovation...... process through a pioneering conversation across different specialized domains. How can philosophical theology, namely, Paul Tillich’s theory of revelation, contribute to productive reflection on the innovation of value among small business owners in a business model innovation context? Empirical findings...

  15. Stimulating the development of innovative services in the trade sector. Business plan: Innovative data acquisition and service network for alternative heating systems; Stimulierung der Entwicklung innovativer Dienstleistungen im Handwerk. Geschaeftsplan: Innovatives Datenerfassungs- und Servicenetz fuer alternative Heizungsanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-01

    A remote control system for a service network was developed in this project especially for the private consumer sector, where such a system is still lacking. A business plan is presented which is oriented along the market prices of the available systems. Most customers were prepared to face higher investment costs. In the course of the project, also several commercial customers became interested in a 'miniature' solution. [German] Ziel war es, resultierend aus unseren Erfahrungen beim Service um Waermepumpen- und Solaranlagen, ein Fernwirksystem als Servicenetz zu entwickeln. Die durchgefuehrten Recherchen haben gezeigt, das gerade fuer den Privatkundenbereich oekonomisch sinnvolle Systemgroessen derzeit nicht verfuegbar sind. Der aufgestellte Geschaeftsplan orientiert sich an den Marktpreisen fuer die verfuegbaren Systeme und weist schon allein mit diesen Preisen gute Vermarktungsmoeglichkeiten auf. Die Mehrzahl der Kunden lies sich auch trotz der hoeheren Investitionskosten nicht abschrecken und war weiterhin an einer solchen Serviceleistung interessiert. Im Verlauf des Projektes interessierten sich aber auch zunehmend gewerbliche Kunden fuer derartige 'Mini'-loesungen. (orig.)

  16. Diversified Development of Commercial Bank Bill Business and Cross-border Innovation%商业银行票据业务多元化发展与跨界创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪武超; 曾一村

    2016-01-01

    At present, the traditional spread space and bill discount and rediscount business is smaller, but The New Normal creates an important opportunity for commercial bank's bill business diversification and cross-border innovation development. Commercial banks break through the limitation of the traditional paper business, introduce the cross-border thinking into the diversification and the transformation of the development process, and promote all-round development of proprietary trading, brokerage, investment banking, capital management and other different attributes of bill business, which is the key and the inherent requirement to enhance the core competitiveness of the business and get sustainable development.%当前,传统票据贴现、转贴现业务的利差空间越来越小,但新常态为商业银行票据业务多元化经营和跨界创新发展创造了重要机遇。商业银行突破传统票据业务的局限,将跨界思维融入多元化经营和转型发展过程中,全方位发展自营、经纪、投行、资管等不同属性的票据业务,是其提升业务核心竞争力、实现可持续发展的关键和内在要求。

  17. 在线旅游企业商业模式创新路径比较研究%The Comparison Research on Business Model Innovation Paths of Online Travel Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芸; 周玲强; 杜萍

    2014-01-01

    在线旅游企业的商业模式创新引起业界和学界的广泛关注。本文将在线旅游企业的商业模式分为三类,即:综合超市模式、搜索引擎模式、专业化模式,并以携程旅行网、去哪儿网、途家网为例对三种商业模式的创新路径进行了分析。本文认为,大型在线旅游企业正选择一站式线上旅行平台的商业模式创新方向,并逐渐成为旅游产品供应链的领导者;而中小在线旅游企业则走专业化的道路,成为旅游产品供应链上不可分割的一环。%The business models innovation of online travel companies has drawn extensive attention from the industry and academia. This paper divides the business models of online travel companies into three categories, namely, Comprehensive Supermarket Model, Search Engine Model and Professionalization Model and taking Ctrip.Com, Qunar.Com and TuJia.Com as examples, analyzes the innovation path of these three business models. The paper believes that large-sized online travel companies are choosing the business model innovation of one-stop online travel platform and gradually becoming the leader of the tourism product supply chain;while middle and small-sized online travel companies are choosing the professionalization path and becoming an indivisible part of the tourism product supply chain.

  18. A seach for the mechanism and models of 020 business innovation of retail business based on "Internet+"formula%基于"互联网 +"公式的我国零售企业020 商业模式创新机制与建模研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单凤儒; 王通

    2015-01-01

    "互联网+"是一种"化学公式",本质上是一种以互联网思维、技术、模式来改造,甚至颠覆传统产业而发生的聚合反应,乃至"核裂变".本文基于"互联网+"公式,尝试寻找与汇集互联网,特别是移动互联网下影响我国零售企业020商业模式创新的相关变量与函数,探索线上线下融合与创新的结构与机理,构建具有普适性的我国零售企业020商业模式创新的系统模型.%"Internet+"functions as a chemical formula,as it,in essence,has transformed the traditional in-dustries with the way of its thinking,its technology and its models,and brought about dramatic influences with which nothing but the occurrence of"polymerization",or even"nuclear fission"can compete.Based on "Internet+"formula,particularly considering the popularity of Mobile Internet,thearticle tried tol find and bring together the variables and functions,whichif affecting our 020 business innovation of retail business,and then explored the structure and mechanism of integration and innovation of online and offline,aiming to set up a model of 020 busi-ness innovation of retail business which is suitable for most situations.

  19. From organic pollutants to bioplastics: insights into the bioremediation of aromatic compounds by Cupriavidus necator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berezina, Nathalie; Yada, Bopha; Lefebvre, Rodrigue

    2015-01-25

    Organic pollution by aromatic compounds is of increasing concern to our environment. Therefore, the transformation of aromatic pollutants into valuable aliphatic and biodegradable bioplastics was studied. Since benzoic acid was found to be the key compound for such bioremediation processes, its transformation, and metabolic pathways of digestion, by Cupriavidus necator were specifically analysed. It was found that the degradation of aromatic compounds follows the 2,3-dioxygenase pathway in this strain and that the batch transformations of benzoic acid with either fresh or adapted cells were limited to an initial concentration of 2.5 g/L of pollutant. The repeated fed-batch with partial withdrawal process, however, showed a 17.5-fold improvement, thus allowing the transformation of a total of 43.7 g/L in 12 weeks.

  20. Biochemical properties of bioplastics made from wheat gliadins cross-linked with cinnamaldehyde.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaguer, M Pau; Gómez-Estaca, Joaquín; Gavara, Rafael; Hernandez-Munoz, Pilar

    2011-12-28

    The aim of this work has been to study the modification of gliadin films with cinnamaldehyde as a potential cross-linker agent. The molecular weight profile and cross-linking density showed that cinnamaldehyde increased reticulation in the resulting films. The participation of free amino groups of the protein in the newly created entanglements could be a possible mechanism of connection between the polypeptidic chains. The combination of a Schiff base and a Michael addition is a feasible approach to understanding this mechanism. The protein solubility in different media pointed to lower participation by both noncovalent and disulfide bonds in stabilizing the structure of the cross-linked films. The new covalent bonds formed by the cinnamaldehyde treatment hampered water absorption and weight loss, leading to more water-resistant matrices which had not disintegrated after 5 months. The properties of this novel bioplastic could be modified to suit the intended application by using cinnamaldehyde, a naturally occurring compound.

  1. Research on Business Model Innovations for Electric Vehicles:From the Perspective of Value Network%基于价值网络的电动汽车商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛奕曦; 陈翌; 孔德洋

    2014-01-01

    Business model innovation for electric vehicles (EVs) is an important way to promote the innovation diffusion of EVs. Consumer utility and profitability of business entities in the value network determines the sus-tainability of business models for EVs. So this paper adopts comparison and dynamic break-even analysis (BEP) methods to analyze the 'Shenzhen Model' from the perspective of economics. The results reveal that markup price between purchasing and charging, charging time and EV market penetration in the charging operational aspect are key factors of influencing the sustainability of the business model. Based on these, the profitability of each key actor is integrated to summarize and evaluate other domestic business models and some suggestions are proposed.%电动汽车商业模式是推动电动汽车技术创新扩散的重要途径,而商业模式价值网络中消费者效用和经营主体盈利性决定了该模式是否可持续。运用比较法和动态盈亏平衡分析法(BEP),从经济性视角重点对“深圳模式”进行剖析,发现充电运营环节的购电和充电差价、充电时间、充电需求量是影响商业模式可持续发展的关键参数。并以此为基础,对国内电动汽车商业模式中各主体的盈利能力进行考察和评价,总结存在的问题,并提出对策建议。

  2. Rural Innovation Fund Grantees

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — There is a need for innovative and catalytic economic development and housing programs that create jobs through business development and expansion and expand the...

  3. Broadband pushing global innovation

    CERN Multimedia

    Chapman, Matt

    2007-01-01

    "The growth in high-speed internet access around the world has changed the way business and academics collaborate, and let to a "globalisation of innovation", according to a department head at CERN."(1/2 page)

  4. Business Information Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunilla Widén-Wulff

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This research project is going to review the existing information cultures in 15 Finnish insurance businesses through a qualitative study. The interview-material consists of 40 in-depth-interviews and they are being analysed through the multiple case study method. The analysis is conducted in 5 stages considering information environment, information as resource, work processes, innovation and business success. The information culture varieties compared to the business success will hopefully be useful to create an understanding for the need of a broad understanding of the modern knowledge management concept in business organisations.

  5. 基于职能约束的财务公司业务创新研究%A Research on Business Innovation of Financial Companies Based on Functional Constraints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋建斌; 崔凌凤; 冯志军

    2015-01-01

    企业集团财务公司是一个因改革而生的行业,也是一个因创新而兴的行业。党的十八届三中全会提出了全面深化改革的要求,财务公司应抓住历史机遇积极开拓创新。财务公司的业务创新不能过度和无序,它应该紧紧围绕监管部门赋予其的职能和定位来有序进行。新形势下财务公司应围绕其资金集中和结算职能来进行外币资金池及票据池业务的创新,围绕其金融服务职能来进行投资业务和融资租赁业务的创新,围绕其咨询服务职能来进行综合金融服务方案、保险代理业务及债券承销业务的创新。%Financial companies of enterprise groups are not only an industry born from the reforms,but also an industry prospering due to the innovation. The requirement on comprehensively deepening the reform was put forward at the third session of the 18th CPC Cen-tral Committee. Financial companies need to grasp this historical opportunity and actively explore innovation. The business innovation of financial companies can be neither excessive nor disordered. It should be operated orderly centering on the functions and positioning given by the regulatory authorities. Under the new situation,the innovations of financial companies should focus on their centralized fund and settlement functions for the businesses of foreign currency capital pool and bill pool,on their financial service functions for the businesses of investment and financial lease,and on its consulting service function for the comprehensive financial service plan,the in-surance agency business and bond underwriting business.

  6. An analysis of the relationship between R and R, innovation and business results. The electronics and informatics sector in Spain; Un analisis de las relaciones entre I+D, innovacion y resultados empresariales. El sector de electronica e informatica en Espana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez Vieites, A.; Calvo Gonzalez, J. L.

    2010-07-01

    This study tests the relationships between R and D, innovation and business results in Spanish electronic and computing industry. Its main advantage is versatility since using Structural Equation Models and PLS technique is possible to introduce flexible interactions. The data come from Firms Strategic Behaviour 2005. The results show that in the case of this Spanish industry the main determinant factor of R and D, innovation and firms economic performance is the lack of an innovative culture. (Author) 133 refs.

  7. 旅游产业转型:业态创新机理与拓展领域%The Transformation of Tourism Business:innovation mechanism and expansion area in types of operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文建

    2011-01-01

    with the rapid development of China's tourism economy and the transformation and upgrading of tourism industry, the modern tourism has been developing in productive service areas and tourism operation models.Tourism shows diverse operation forms, but its inner mechanism in the innovation process can be attributed to market innovation, technological innovation, production and management innovation, organizational innovation, the supply channels’ innovation , institutional innovation, etc.Function expansion and new growth points of modern tourism are mainly reflected in the following areas, such as MICE tourism, incentive tourism, business tourism, tourism consulting,training tourism, study tourism, resort tourism.%随着我国旅游经济和产业的转型升级,现代旅游业的生产性服务领域和新业态正在不断产生.旅游业态的外在表现形式虽然呈多样化特征,但旅游业态的创新过程却有其内在机理:它应包括市场创新、技术创新、生产经营方式创新、组织创新、供应流通渠道创新、制度创新等重要内容.现代旅游业的功能拓展及新增长点主要反映在会展旅游、奖励旅游、商务旅游、咨询旅游、培训旅游、考察旅游、疗养旅游和修学旅游等领域.

  8. The effect of market orientation on business performance and organizational innovation with the role of mediator (The case of study: companies manufacturing and supplying parts national Iranian south oil company in the khuzestan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Rahimi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The disturbance of business processes, Cause than companies Use very different from the tendency to increase their performance in the market, are to enjoy the present study sought to evaluate the effect of market orientation on the role of mediator with organizational innovation in companies manufacturing and supplying parts for the oil industry in Khuzestan Materials Research harm based on the purpose of the application, in terms of how to compile and run, cross-scientific and the type of data collected using quantitative.the population included all the senior managers executives of companies building and commercial 300 are in Khuzestan province. The amount of firm of Morgan sample of 169 companies, which randomly stratified and randomly selected elements within each class .also descriptive analysis using SPSS and to test hypotheses of application software in the smart PLS measurement model and structural transactions model.The Results indicate that market orientation and organizational innovation on business performance separately and also through the positive impact and significant organizational innovation mediator.

  9. Innovation Leadership in Danish SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdullah, Maizura Ailin; Lindgren, Peter

    2008-01-01

    to reflect upon today's developments in innovation.  For this, we propose SMEs to "lead" innovation, i.e. innovation leadership, in order to succeed in today's volatile business environment.  Innovation leadership is a strategic way of thinking and practice innovation that is applicable to all organizations......, but especially in SMEs. This is because SMEs are flexible, lightly-structured and thus can adapt to the requirements of the innovation leadership model. Unfortunately SMEs also lack multiple resources that are needed in order to lead innovation. This paper discusses the potential of innovation leadership in SMEs...

  10. Innovation Process Design: A Change Management and Innovation Dimension Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peisl, Thomas; Reger, Veronika; Schmied, Juergen

    The authors propose an innovative approach to the management of innovation integrating business, process, and maturity dimensions. Core element of the concept is the adaptation of ISO/IEC 15504 to the innovation process including 14 innovation drivers. Two managerial models are applied to conceptualize and visualize the respective innovation strategies, the Balanced Scorecard and a Barriers in Change Processes Model. An illustrative case study shows a practical implementation process.

  11. Study on ABCD Analysis Technique for Business Models, business strategies, Operating Concepts & Business Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Aithal, Sreeramana

    2016-01-01

    Studying the implications of a business model, choosing success strategies, developing viable operational concepts or evolving a functional system, it is important to analyse it in all dimensions. For this purpose, various analysing techniques/frameworks are used. This paper is a discussion on how to use an innovative analysing framework called ABCD model on a given business model, or on a business strategy or a operational concept/idea or business system. Based on four constructs Advantages,...

  12. Removal of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and other selected pharmaceuticals from wastewater using a granular bioplastic formulation entrapping propagules of Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Accinelli, Cesare; Saccà, Maria Ludovica; Batisson, Isabelle; Fick, Jerker; Mencarelli, Mariangela; Grabic, Roman

    2010-09-01

    The capacity of the ligninolytic fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium to degrade a wide variety of environmentally persistent xenobiotics has been largely reported in the literature. Beside other factors, one barrier to a wider use of this bioremediation fungus is the availability of effective formulations that ensure easy preparation, handling and application. In this series of laboratory experiments, we evaluated the efficiency of a granular bioplastic formulation entrapping propagules of P. chrysosporium for removal of four selected pharmaceuticals from wastewater samples. Addition of inoculated granules to samples of the wastewater treatment plant of Bologna significantly increased the removal of the antiviral drug oseltamivir (Tamiflu), and the antibiotics, erythromycin, sulfamethoxazol, and ciprofloxacin. Similar effects were also observed in effluent water. Oseltamivir was the most persistent of the four active substances. After 30d of incubation, approximately two times more oseltamivir was removed in bioremediated wastewater than controls. The highest removal efficiency of the bioplastic formulation was observed with the antibiotic ciprofloxacin. Microbiological DNA-based analysis showed that the bioplastic matrix supported the growth of P. chrysosporium, thus facilitating its adaptation to unusual environment such as wastewater.

  13. Cross-sector Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Würtz Jessen, Søren; Linnet, Andreas; Tscherning, Rasmus Wiinstedt;

    innovation handbook that can reach out to all sectors and potential partners whose point of departure, language use and understanding of customers is often very different to that of businesses. These differences constitute a resource for business development. If exploited they can lead to new ways of doing...

  14. Innovative process rational choice grounding in organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M. Illiashenko

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to investigate and scientifically to ground recommendations concerning choice of the rational structure and innovative process content, depending on innovative development potential in the organization and innovation radicalization degree, which provides to coordinate interconnection between SRCCW and innovations marketing at its stages for various innovative business types. The results of the analysis. The generalized scheme of organization innovative activity is investigated. It characterizes interconnections between innovative process, innovative business and innovative strategies types. The peculiarities of the works conduct concerning innovative process distinguished types are confirmed by scheme: works essence, type (types of the innovative business, innovative strategy (strategies, which is realized. Recommendations concerning works conduct reasonability of the several stages in the innovative process for organizations, which have innovative business combined type, are suggested. Essence and content of SRRCW works and innovations marketing works are confirmed at the innovative and life cycle stages of the new product. Table of decisions is developed to choose innovative process variants, which are reasonably to realize by concrete organization, depending on subsystems constituents state of its innovative development potential and innovative product radicalization degree. The enlarged block-scheme of the algorithm to choose rational structure in the innovative process within one or every innovative projects, realized by organization, is investigated. The recommendations concerning estimation of the innovative processes possible simultaneous conduct with various or similar variants of the innovative process structures by formal procedures are developed. Conclusions and directions of further researches. Author’s studies together allow to increase validity and decrease risk to choose

  15. Research on the Chain Integration and Business Model Innovation of Quanzhou Shoes and Apparel Textile Industry%泉州纺织鞋服产业链整合与商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林青

    2015-01-01

    纺织鞋服产业是泉州支柱性产业,在“工业4.0”及大数据技术的发展背景下,纺织鞋服企业进行产业链整合和商业模式创新具有重要的意义.泉州纺织鞋服产业较早就开始了产业链整合,而且在“品牌+渠道”、“线上+线下”、“轻资产”和“产金融合”等商业模式创新上作了许多尝试,但仍存在以跟随性模仿为主、线上与线下矛盾渐突出、全产业链系统跨界不足、高层次人才支撑薄弱等问题.围绕泉州纺织鞋服产业商业模式创新,从产业链整合视角看,要着力向微笑曲线两端升级、积极开展供应链协同管理创新、推进全产业链系统跨界合作,从政府助推视角看,要加大商业模式创新政策的执行力、努力打造一批商业模式创新平台、加速创新创业人才向企业集聚、整合资本力量助推商业模式创新.%Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry is the first pillar industry under industrial 4.0 and big data technology development background,conductting chain integration and business model in-novation on the shoes and apparel textile enterprises has important significance.Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry started the integration of industrial chain.The “brand + channels”,“Online +line”,“light assets”and “gold production integration”and other business models have made a lot of in-novation.But still there exists the imitation based,online and offline contradictions become increasingly prominent,the whole industry chain system cross-border issues,high-level personnel support and other issues.Around Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry business model innovation,from the per-spective of industrial chain integration,Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry have to focus on to smile at both ends of the curve upgrading,actively carry out supply chain collaborative management in-novation,response to market demand

  16. A framework for sustainable interorganizational business model

    OpenAIRE

    Neupane, Ganesh Prasad; Haugland, Sven A.

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on literature on business model innovations and sustainability, this paper develops a framework for sustainable interorganizational business models. The aim of the framework is to enhance the sustainability of firms’ business models by enabling firms to create future value by taking into account environmental, social and economic factors. The paper discusses two themes: (1) application of the term sustainability to business model innovation, and (2) implications of integrating sustain...

  17. Revolution of Innovation Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    the potential to disrupt the traditional way of managing innovation, notably in terms of creativity, product development, and process change. In line with the constant globalization of innovation, the second volume of Revolution of Innovation Management offers a variety of international perspective......This edited volume explores how the rapid development of business model innovation changes innovation management at an international level. It discusses the next phases in its development, and the impact that this could have on the field. The authors identify and examine recent trends which have...

  18. Culture of innovation and business competitiveness in knowledge intensive services.The mediating role of co-creative culture; Cultura innovadora y competitividad en las empresas de servicios intensivos en conocimiento. El papel mediador de la cultura co-creadora

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos Vijande, M. L.; Gonzalez Mieres, C.; Lopez Sanchez, J. A.

    2012-07-01

    This research investigates the relationship between innovative culture and performance among knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS). Performance indicators include customer-related outcomes and market and financial results relative to competition. To provide insight into how inattentiveness contributes to sustaining a KIBS' competitiveness, the mediating role of the predisposition to involve customers and front-line employees in new service development is also considered. In accordance with the objectives of the research, and from an extensive review of the literature, the conceptual model proposed is tested on a sample of 154 Spanish KIBS using structural equation modelling. Results show that KIBS appraisal of customers and front-line employees participation in new service co-creation is strongly determined by the firm's innovative culture. (Author)

  19. IMPACT OF COMMITMENT TO BUSINESS ETHICS TO NONFINANCIAL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvija Vig

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates the relationship between commitment to business ethics and nonfinancial business performance. Data of commitment to business ethics and nonfinancial business performance were collected from 100 participants through a questionnaire survey. The survey was conducted in 2015 in Croatian large and medium sized companies. The questionnaire for assessing commitment to business ethics contained nine different dimensions while the nonfinancial business performance contained three dimensions: client satisfaction, human resource management plus innovativeness and efficiency of business processes. Multiple regression methods were applied in the analysis. The empirical results of three multiple linear regression models show that certain dimension of commitment to business ethics had a positive influence on the nonfinancial performance of the companies. Motivation and rewarding policy for ethical behavior and responding to unethical behavior, as a dimension of commitment to business ethics, has distinctive effects on all three nonfinancial performance dimensions. It was also found that selecting suppliers based on the standards of ethics and compliance has a positive and strong influence on client satisfaction while using ethical criteria in the performance and efficiency evaluation of employees has a positive and significant influence on innovativeness and efficiency of business processes. This research leads to the conclusion that some dimensions of commitment to business ethics can be important predictors of nonfinancial business performance. Therefore, results of the research could be considered as valid motivation for further improvement of commitment to ethics in the business environment.

  20. Incumbent response to disruptive innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaulio, Matti; Thorén, Kent; Rohrbeck, René

    changes, however successful in minor business model adaptions. An implication hereof is that the business model concept as such has low predictive power in explaining success and failure and is in the need of an operationalization. In addition, the article discusses the relationship between technological...... in relation to disruptive change. In relation to technical change the case company has successfully in transferred its technology from one generation to the next during more than 20 years. In relation to business model change the case company has been proactive but not successful in major business model...... innovation and business innovation....

  1. Research on Evaluation Index System of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education for Higher Vocational E-business Specialty%高职电商专业创新创业教育评价指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林锋

    2014-01-01

    高职院校创新创业教育作为一项新事物,没有固定模式可循,要确保其不偏离主航道,需倚重于对教育过程的评价。本文结合我院实际,就高职院校电商专业创新创业教育评价指标体系的构建思路、结构模型、权重设置进行了阐述,并提出了一种基于模糊数学理论的模糊综合评价方法。%As a new concept of education,the innovation and entrepreneurship education has no fixed pattern for reference in higher vocational colleges,so it will need to rely on the evaluation of educational process in order to ensure the correct direction of innovation and entrepreneurship education.Combining the practical experience of the innovation and entrepreneurship education in my college for recenetly years,the paper depicts construction thoughts,structure model and setting method of index weight about the evaluation index system of innovation and entrepreneurship education for e-business specialty of higher vocational colleges,and puts forward a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on fuzzy mathematics theory.

  2. Logistic innovations in transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirosław Antonowicz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The article discusses the issue of logistic innovations in transport. The essentials of logistic innovations in transport together with some examples of specific innovations are presented. The role of the client's needs in transport innovations is indicated. The most vital postulates affecting the innovativeness of shipping companies and derived from the author's experience as well as scholarly publications, are time, safety, reliability as well as comprehensiveness of service offer. Following the analysis of the issue, and on the grounds of Kaizen's and Lean's method, the concept of continuous innovations is suggested as very useful for the development of transport. The potential of clusters as the source of logistic innovations in transport is emphasised. Methods: The discussion of the issue was preceded by the author's analysis of written sources on innovativeness, the evaluation of ratings of innovativeness as well as the analysis of rewarded innovative solutions in transport subsequent to the businesses participation in the programme of innovative solutions in transport. The role of innovation practical business operations is argued following the analysis of some strategic documents such as: 2011 White Paper and the Strategy for the Development of Transport by 2020 adopted by the Polish government in 2013. Aim: The aim of the article is to present the role and significance of the issue of logistic innovations in transport and to cite instances of practical solutions implemented by shipping companies, the solutions which resulted in measurable effects. Following the author's observation of the instances of innovative solutions as well as his analysis of the ratings of innovativeness, the article aims to present the conclusions as for the specific kinds of activities which are indispensable to foster innovativeness in transport. Conclusions: The conclusions derived from the author's analyses and observations show that logistic

  3. Profiting from innovative user communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Lars Bo

    platforms. This article explains how manufacturers can profit from their abilities to organize and facilitate a process of innovation by user communities and capture the value of the innovations produced in such communities. When managed strategically, two distinct, but not mutually exclusive business......, a manufacturer can incorporate and commercialize the best complements found in the user communities. Keywords: innovation, modding, user communities, software platform, business model. JEL code(s): L21; L23; O31; O32...

  4. Business Model Process Configurations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Nielsen, Christian; Thomsen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The paper aims: 1) To develop systematically a structural list of various business model process configuration and to group (deductively) these selected configurations in a structured typological categorization list. 2) To facilitate companies in the process of BM innovation, by develop......Purpose – The paper aims: 1) To develop systematically a structural list of various business model process configuration and to group (deductively) these selected configurations in a structured typological categorization list. 2) To facilitate companies in the process of BM innovation......, by developing (inductively) an ontological classification framework, in view of the BM process configurations typology developed. Design/methodology/approach – Given the inconsistencies found in the business model studies (e.g. definitions, configurations, classifications) we adopted the analytical induction...... method of data analysis. Findings - A comprehensive literature review and analysis resulted in a list of business model process configurations systematically organized under five classification groups, namely, revenue model; value proposition; value configuration; target customers, and strategic...

  5. Introduction of 'Green Heat Certification Program' for business- an innovative market scheme to increase the use of heat from renewables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izutsu, Kohei; Iida, Tetsunari; Yamashita, Noriaki (Inst. for Sustainable Energy Policies, 885 Yoshinaganaka Yoshinaga-cho, Bizen-city, Okayama (Japan)). E-mail: izutsu_kohei@isep.or.jp

    2008-10-15

    We have considered all angles of 'Green Heat Certification Program' which is system of incentive policy about Carbon-Offset. Big movements, which are 1) Government began to work about certification of renewable energy, 2) Technology of measure of calorie is advanced, and 3) 'Renewable Electricity Certification Program (RECP)' has rapidly been growing, make market of Carbon-Offset change. Furthermore, we studied an application of actual business. As results, this program is suitable for business and useful. But we have a few issues to use for real business

  6. 科学商业的范式分析及其创新轨道--以生物制药为例%The Analysis of Paradigm of Science Business and the Innovation Trajectories:Based on the Bio-pharmaceutical Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李天柱; 马佳; 侯锡林; 冯薇

    2014-01-01

    新兴产业发展正在涌现出一种科学与商业相融合的创新范式,可以称为“科学商业”。基于对生物制药产业的分析,以科技哲学领域的范式理论为指导,首先证明科学商业是一种创新范式,接下来研究科学商业的世界观、行为模式、形成机制、关键问题等,从而构建科学商业的理论框架以指导相关产业创新。在此基础上,定性归纳了科学商业的接力创新、专业化提供、发展利基市场这三条主要创新轨道,为创新参与者提供决策参考。%The innovation in biotechnology, nanotechnology and some other emerging industries, follows the rules of paradigm of science business. Based on the practical cases in bio-pharmaceutical industry, the science business has been proved to be as a paradigm of innovation, supported by the paradigm theory in philosophy of science and technology. Some general rules have been studied respectively, including the world outlook of science busi-ness, the behavior patterns, the formation mechanism, and the key problems of innovation community, which struc-ture the theoretic framework of science business to illuminate the innovation in related industries. On the basis of these, three main innovation trajectories in science business have been summarized, consisting of relay innovation, professionalized offer and niche market development, which provide the innovation participants the references for decision making in related industries.

  7. The Improvement of Independent Innovation Ability of Small Businesses in Heilongjiang Province%黑龙江省中小企业自主创新能力提升的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张林; 谷丰

    2014-01-01

    To improve the innovation ability is one of the essential approaches for small businesses to enhance their core competitiveness. However, small businesses in Heilongjiang still have difficulties in improving their innovation ability, in terms of incomplete enterprise management, poor financing capacity, insufficient cooperation with higher educational institutions and research institutions, weak policy support from the government, and an unsound public service platform for enterprises. Heilongjiang should intensify the service function of the government and improve the innovation environment for SMEs. It should also establish a sound public service platform for SMEs and build a multi-channel financing support system. Enterprises should cooperate with research institutions proactively in a way that help up-grade their innovation capacity and accelerate the improvement of innovation ability by integrating the introduction of advanced technology with the increase of independent innovation ability.%黑龙江省中小企业自主创新能力的提升是加强其核心竞争力的必要途径之一。目前,黑龙江省中小企业在提升自主创新能力方面存在的主要问题包括:企业内部---内部组织管理不健全、融资能力弱、与高校及科研机构合作不够;企业外部---政府支持力度不够、企业公共服务平台不完善、不健全。黑龙江省应强化政府服务功能,优化中小企业创新环境;搭建完善的中小企业公共服务平台,多渠道完善融资支持体系;企业应积极开展与科研机构的合作,借助外脑提升技术创新能力;走引进先进技术与提高自主创新能力相结合,加快提升自主创新能力的步伐。

  8. Model Innovation and Platform Design of Tourism E-business in China%我国旅游电子商务模式创新研究与平台设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于平; 逯燕玲

    2011-01-01

    我国旅游电子商务现有四种基本模式,即信息发布型、旅游企业自主建站在线稍售型、细分型旅游产品在线销售型、综合型旅游产品在线销售型.这些模式大多还停留在旅游电子商务的表层或初级水平,存在单调、雷同、缺乏个性和深度等局限性.本文首先对这四种旅游电子商务模式进行深入研究,然后从几个方面分析现有旅游电子商务模式存在的局限性,最后探索我国旅游电子商务模式的创新和发展方向,并给出旅游电子商务平台的系统设计.%There are four basic types of tourism E-business in China, they are namely information dissemination, tourism enterprise independent online sales, sub-type tourism products online sales and integrated tourism products online sales. These patterns are still in the primary level of E-commerce, they are dull, similar, and lack personality and depth. This article firstly does deep study of the four tourism E-business models, at the same time it cites relevant cases to illustrate, and then analyzes the current limitations existing in tourism E-business models from several aspects, finally explores the innovative E-business models of tourism and developing direction, and finds out the platform design of the E-business system.

  9. Social Business Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Enache

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A Social Business embraces networks of people to create business value. A Social Business connects people to expertise. It enable individuals – whether customers, partners or employees – to form networks to generate new sources of innovation, foster creativity, and establish greater reach and exposure to new business opportunities. It establishes a foundational level of trust across these business networks and, thus, a willingness to openly share information. It empowers these networks with the collaborative, gaming and analytical tools needed for members to engage each other and creatively solve business challenges. A Social business strives to remove unnecessary boundaries between experts inside the company and experts in the marketplace. It embraces the tools and leadership models that support capturing knowledge and insight from many sources, allowing it to quickly sense changes in customer mood, employee sentiment or process efficiencies. It utilizes analytics and social connections inside and outside the company to solve business problems and capture new business opportunities. A Social Business leverages these social networks to speed up business, gaining real time insight to make quicker and better decisions. It gets information to customers and partners in new ways -- faster. Supported by ubiquitous access on mobile devices and new ways of connecting and working together in the Cloud and on open platforms, a Social Business turns time and location from constraints into advantages. Business is free to occur when and where it delivers the greatest value, allowing the organization to adapt quickly to the changing marketplace. We believe the most effective approach to enabling a Social Business centers around helping people discover expertise, develop social networks and capitalize on relationships.

  10. 区域创新要素与STBI创新孵化绩效--在孵企业资源拼凑的中介作用%Regional Innovation Factors and Innovation Incubation Performance of Science and Technology Business Incubator---The Mediating Effect of Incubated Enterprises' Resource Bricolage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜骞; 刘强

    2016-01-01

    Based on regional innovation theory, innovation network theory, inter-organizational relationship theory and strategic management theory, we constructed conceptual framework of regional innovation factors, resource bricolage and innovation incubation performance of science and technology business incubator, through a large research sample, implemented construct validity with smart PLS and AMOS software to test its effectiveness and rationality. The Empirical results show that regional innovation factors (regional innovation initiatives, incubation network characteris-tics and value chain information sources) have positive influence on resource bricolage. Resource bricolage has positive influence on innovation incubation performance.%文章以区域创新理论、创新网络理论、组织间关系理论以及战略管理理论为基础,构建了区域创新要素、在孵企业资源拼凑与科技企业孵化器(STBI)创新孵化绩效的概念框架及研究假设,通过大样本的数据调查,运用区间数拓展DEMATEL、smartPLS软件对概念框架进行信效度检验和结构方程模型分析。实证结果显示,区域创新要素(区域创新举措、孵化网络特征和价值链信息资源)对在孵企业资源拼凑具有显著的正向影响;在孵企业资源拼凑与创新孵化绩效之间具有显著正向相关关系。

  11. Development and Innovation of Leisure-themed Cultural Business Streets---Taking Jinli Alley of Chengdu%文化休闲商业街的开发与创新--以成都锦里为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐明波; 晋超

    2014-01-01

    文化休闲商业街区是城市文化品牌、休闲生活、商业聚集的最好方式。文化休闲商业街的开发与创新是发展文化产业、都市旅游的重点。文章以成都锦里为例,提出高水平的文化创意是文化休闲商业街开发成功的核心,文化空间的营造是文化真实性体验得以实现的途径。%Leisure-themed cultural business streets are a trademark for a city ,integrating leisure activities and businesses .Their development and innovation are crucial for the growth of cultural industry and urban tourism . This paper ,taking Jinli Alley in Chengdu as an example , points out that high-level cultural innovation is the core for the success of such streets ,and that creation of cultural space is an effective approach to authentic cul-tural experience .

  12. 小型微型企业商业模式创新及其集群成长机制%Business Model Innovation of the Small and Micro-enterprises' and Its Cluster Growth Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张承龙; 舒刚; 夏清华

    2012-01-01

    小型微型企业成长近年来逐渐引起政府、学术界和企业界的重视。我国小型微型企业面临着行业内大型中型企业在渠道和终端上的垄断,仅依靠国家和政府在金融、财税上的支持无法扫清成长道路上所面临的障碍。地方政府在推动小型微型企业集群发展,创新商业模式过程中应充分发挥好引导者与服务者的角色。小型微型企业要突破行业垄断获得持续的发展,关键与核心在于企业需要突破惯性思维,寻求自我改变,勇于创新商业模式。%In recent years, the growth of the small and micro-enterprise government has gotten more attention from the government, the academia and business circle. The small and micro-enterprise are facing the monopoly of the large and medium-sized enterprises In the channel and the terminal of the industry and it is difficult to clear away the obstacles of the development road if they just rely on the financial and tax support from the state and the government. Local government should play full role of the guidance and servicer to promote the small and micro- enterprise cluster development and innovate business mode. The key and core for the small and micro-enterprise to breakthrough the industry monopoly is to comeover the traditional think, seek to alter themselves and innovate the business model.

  13. The business innovation in perspective. An analysis of data panel; La innovacion empresarial en perspectiva. Un analisis de datos de panel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plaza Llorente, J. M.

    2012-07-01

    This paper shows a case of entrepreneurial innovation based in the study of data panel. A first research of the innovative behaviour of 325 small and middle size companies (SME) was conducted in 2003 using data poll raised in 1995. After fifteen years, in 2010, the basic data of the companies had been updated using Google as source of statistical primary information. A conclusion of the research in 2003 was the definition of four patterns of behaviour to the way in the Spanish innovative SMEs address innovation (Guepard, Rhino, Zebra and Log) and the particular performance of the innovation skills in each one of the four categories. In 2010, a 13.5% of the panel companies had been disappeared because corporative movements (mergers or acquisitions) fails or bankruptcy. On the other hand, a 8% of the panel firms had been improved their position (going through Log or Zebra to Rhino) in the period 1995-2010. The main reasons of this change obey to a better performance of their innovation capabilities together sound organizational and marketing strategies (market oriented products and services and differentiation). (Author)

  14. Capstone Course Innovation: Bloomberg Professional Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payette, Dennis L.; Libertella, Anthony F.

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on the introduction of a curricular innovation in a required capstone course: namely the Business Policy and Strategy course in the School of Business at Adelphi University. The curriculum capstone courses have tended to primarily include business related case studies and business simulation exercises. Consequently, curriculum…

  15. Enhancing bioplastic-substrate interaction via pore induction and directed migration of enzyme location.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lele, Bhalchandra S; Papworth, Glenn; Katsemi, Vicky; Rüterjans, Heinz; Martyano, Igor; Klabunde, Kenneth J; Russell, Alan J

    2004-06-20

    We demonstrate two novel approaches to enhance interactions of polymer-immobilized biomolecules with their substrates. In the first approach, diisopropylfluorophosphatase (DFPase) containing poly(urethane) (PU) coatings were made microporous by incorporating, then extracting, poly(ethylene glycol)-based diesters as porogens. Incorporation of 2% w/w porogen increased the effective diffusion coefficient of diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) through the coatings by 30% and increased the apparent turnover number of immobilized DFPase 3-fold. In the second approach, prior to immobilization, hydrophobic modification of DFPase was achieved through its conjugation with a dimer/trimer mixture of a uretdione based on 1,6-diisocyanatohexane. When the hydrophobically modified DFPase was immobilized in coatings, catalytic activity was 4-fold higher than that of the equivalent, immobilized, native DFPase. This activity enhancement was independent of the presence or absence of pores. Confocal microscopy images of coatings containing fluorescently labeled lysozyme show that the native enzyme is distributed uniformly over the entire thickness of the coatings. Hydrophobically modified and fluorescently labeled lysozyme is accumulated only in the upper 10 microm cross-sectional layer of a 100 microm-thick coating. Interactions of bioplastics with their substrates are tunable either by pore induction in a polymer or by directed migration of the hydrophobically modified biomolecule to the desired location. The latter approach has broad implications, including overcoming mass transfer limitations experienced by immobilized biocatalysts.

  16. Utilization of cellulosic waste from tequila bagasse and production of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) bioplastics by Saccharophagus degradans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alva Munoz, Luis Esteban; Riley, Mark R

    2008-08-01

    Utilization of wastes from agriculture is becoming increasingly important due to concerns of environmental impact. The goals of this work were to evaluate the ability of an unusual organism, Saccharophagus degradans (ATCC 43961), to degrade the major components of plant cell walls and to evaluate the ability of S. degradans to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs, also known as bioplastics). S. degradans can readily attach to cellulosic fibers, degrade the cellulose, and utilize this as the primary carbon source. The growth of S. degradans was assessed in minimal media (MM) containing glucose, cellobiose, avicel, and bagasse with all able to support growth. Cells were able to attach to avicel and bagasse fibers; however, growth on these insoluble fibers was much slower and led to a lower maximal biomass production than observed with simple sugars. Lignin in MM alone did not support growth, but did support growth upon addition of glucose, although with an increased adaptation phase. When culture conditions were switched to a nitrogen depleted status, PHA production commences and extends for at least 48 h. At early stationary phase, stained inclusion bodies were visible and two chronologically increasing infrared light absorbance peaks at 1,725 and 1,741 cm(-1) confirmed the presence of PHAs. This work demonstrates for what we believe to be the first time, that a single organism can degrade insoluble cellulose and under similar conditions can produce and accumulate PHA. Additional work is necessary to more fully characterize these capabilities and to optimize the PHA production and purification.

  17. Adoção de E-Business e mudanças no modelo de negócio: inovação organizacional em pequenas empresas dos setores de comércio e serviços E-Business adoption and business model changes: organizational innovation in small businesses in the trade and service sectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Braz de Araujo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available As pequenas empresas constituem um segmento relevante da economia brasileira, pois representam 98% das empresas e empregam 67% da mão de obra economicamente ativa, sendo responsáveis por somente 20% do PIB do País (SEBRAE, 2005. Isto mostra que a produtividade dessas empresas é relativamente pequena, podendo melhorar com a adoção de práticas organizacionais que aumentem o seu desempenho, entre elas, o e-business. Para que o e-business promova a melhoria de desempenho nessas empresas, é necessário que esteja inserido adequadamente em seu modelo de negócios, de forma a atender aos anseios mais amplos da empresa. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever o modelo de negócios utilizado pelas pequenas empresas dos setores de comércio e serviços para a adoção de e-business, observando as principais dificuldades para essa adoção e os principais resultados obtidos por essas empresas. Este estudo caracteriza-se por uma pesquisa descritiva, realizada em duas etapas: qualitativa, com um estudo exploratório em 13 empresas; e quantitativa, com uma coleta de dados em 156 empresas. Os principais aspectos identificados na pesquisa foram a centralização das decisões referentes à adoção de e-business e à sua operação pelos sócios-proprietários, o uso da Internet para divulgação da marca ou do produto das empresas como principal proposta de valor e a separação da operação da loja física e da loja virtual na maioria das empresas. Os principais resultados obtidos pelas empresas pesquisadas foram a ampliação no alcance geográfico das vendas, a melhoria na organização das tarefas de comercialização e a utilização de redes sociais para relacionamento com clientes.Small businesses are an important segment of the Brazilian economy because they account for 98% of all enterprises and employ 67% of economically active manpower, but they represent only 20% of Brazil's GDP (SEBRAE, 2005. This shows that these companies can improve

  18. Social Shaping of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Mack, Alexandra

    Why is it that some business proposals – no matter how well researched with users and business developed – don’t seem to make it through the organizational jungle to become a real product, while others do? How shall we understand the innovative practices that we engage with our ethnographic work...... - in particular in a large corporation? This workshop explores how innovation is socially shaped in organizations. Based on our experiences with practices around innovation and collaboration, we start from three proposition about the social shaping of innovation: • Ideas don't thrive as text (i.e. we need...... to consider other media) • Ideas need socialization (ideas are linked to people, we need to be careful about how we support the social innovation context) • Ideas are local (ideas spring out of a local contingency, we need to take care in how we like them to travel)....

  19. Using Student Managed Businesses to Integrate the Business Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massad, Victor J.; Tucker, Joanne M.

    2009-01-01

    To teach business today requires that we go beyond classroom learning and encourage real world, cross-functional experiences and applied management decision-making. This paper describes an innovative approach that requires students to apply their function-specific knowledge of business, integrated with other functional areas, to an authentic…

  20. Designing Business Model Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cavalcante, Sergio Andre

    2014-01-01

    in a structured and comprehensive way. Such a tool is useful for obtaining an overall view of the working logic of the firm and to facilitate innovation through change. The main contribution of this paper is to transform management theories into an instrument that can be helpful for companies to develop......The aim of this paper is to base organisational change on the firm's business model, an approach that research has only recently start to address. This study adopts a process-based perspective on business models and insights from a variety of theories as the basis for the development of ideas...... on the design of business model change. This paper offers a new, process-based strategic analytical artefact for the design of business model change, consisting of three main phases. Designing business model change as suggested in this paper allows ex ante analysis of alternative scenarios of change...