WorldWideScience

Sample records for biopesticide registration action

  1. Biopesticides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudakin, Daniel L

    2003-01-01

    The term 'biopesticide' encompasses a broad array of microbial pesticides, biochemicals derived from micro-organisms and other natural sources, and processes involving the genetic incorporation of DNA into agricultural commodities that confer protection against pest damage (plant-incorporated protectants). Some microbial pesticides, such as Bacillus thuringiensis, have a long history of safe and effective use as a biological insecticide. More recent developments in microbial pest control include the utilisation of other bacterial and fungal species that may competitively inhibit the growth of pathogenic and toxigenic micro-organisms on important agricultural commodities. The use of microbes and their gene products introduces additional considerations to the toxicological dose-response relationship, including a need to determine the plausibility of infectious and immunological effects in association with human exposure to these biopesticides in food or the environment. Studies of substantial equivalence suggest that foods currently derived from plant-incorporated protectants are not likely to differ from conventional foods. However, there is general consensus that the scientific methods to assess risks from genetically modified foods and micro-organisms will continue to evolve in the future.

  2. Biopesticides: State of the Art and Future Opportunities by the American Chemical Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    This chapter from an American Chemical Society symposium reviews areas including how EPA views the benefits of biopesticides, related laws and legal requirements, biopesticide registration, and biopesticide data requirements.

  3. 76 FR 26291 - Pesticide Products; Registration Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001, and Biopesticides and Pollution... group; stonefruit group; strawberries; tree nut group. Contact: Daniel Peacock, Registration Division...: Pistachio. Contact: Shanaz Bacchus, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division, (703) 308-8097,...

  4. Sludge based Bacillus thuringiensis biopesticides: viscosity impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brar, S K; Verma, M; Tyagi, R D; Valéro, J R; Surampalli, R Y

    2005-08-01

    Viscosity studies were performed on raw, pre-treated (sterilised and thermal alkaline hydrolysed or both types of treatment) and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) fermented sludges at different solids concentration (10-40 g/L) for production of biopesticides. Correlations were established among rheological parameter (viscosity), solids (total and dissolved) concentration and entomotoxicity (Tx) of Bt fermented sludges. Exponential and power laws were preferentially followed by hydrolysed fermented compared to raw fermented sludge. Soluble chemical oxygen demand variation corroborated with increase in dissolved solids concentration on pre-treatments, contributing to changes in viscosity. Moreover, Tx was higher for hydrolysed fermented sludge in comparison to raw fermented sludge owing to increased availability of nutrients and lower viscosity that improved oxygen transfer. The shake flask results were reproducible in fermenter. This study will have major impact on selecting fermentation, harvesting and formulation techniques of Bt fermented sludges for biopesticide production.

  5. Lethal and pre-lethal effects of a fungal biopesticide contribute to substantial and rapid control of malaria vectors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Blanford

    Full Text Available Rapidly emerging insecticide resistance is creating an urgent need for new active ingredients to control the adult mosquitoes that vector malaria. Biopesticides based on the spores of entomopathogenic fungi have shown considerable promise by causing very substantial mortality within 7-14 days of exposure. This mortality will generate excellent malaria control if there is a high likelihood that mosquitoes contact fungi early in their adult lives. However, where contact rates are lower, as might result from poor pesticide coverage, some mosquitoes will contact fungi one or more feeding cycles after they acquire malaria, and so risk transmitting malaria before the fungus kills them. Critics have argued that 'slow acting' fungal biopesticides are, therefore, incapable of delivering malaria control in real-world contexts. Here, utilizing standard WHO laboratory protocols, we demonstrate effective action of a biopesticide much faster than previously reported. Specifically, we show that transient exposure to clay tiles sprayed with a candidate biopesticide comprising spores of a natural isolate of Beauveria bassiana, could reduce malaria transmission potential to zero within a feeding cycle. The effect resulted from a combination of high mortality and rapid fungal-induced reduction in feeding and flight capacity. Additionally, multiple insecticide-resistant lines from three key African malaria vector species were completely susceptible to fungus. Thus, fungal biopesticides can block transmission on a par with chemical insecticides, and can achieve this where chemical insecticides have little impact. These results support broadening the current vector control paradigm beyond fast-acting chemical toxins.

  6. Biopesticides from plants: Calceolaria integrifolia s.l.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Céspedes, Carlos L; Salazar, Juan R; Ariza-Castolo, Armando; Yamaguchi, Lydia; Avila, José G; Aqueveque, Pedro; Kubo, Isao; Alarcón, Julio

    2014-07-01

    The effects of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on humans and biodiversity are multiple and varied. Nowadays environmentally-friendly pesticides are strongly preferred to POPs. It is noteworthy that the crop protection role of pesticides and other techniques, i.e. biopesticides, plant extracts, prevention methods, organic methods, evaluation of plant resistance to certain pests under an integrated pest management (IPM), could improve the risks and benefits which must be assessed on a sound scientific basis. For this directive it is crucial to bring about a significant reduction in the use of chemical pesticides, not least through the promotion of sustainable alternative solutions such as organic farming and IPM. Biopesticides are derived from natural materials such as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals. Most of them are biodegradable in relatively short periods of time. On this regard, substances from Calceolaria species emerge as a strong alternative to the use of POPs. The American genus Calceolaria species are regarded both as a notorious weeds and popular ornamental garden plants. Some have medicinal applications. Other taxa of Calceolaria are toxic to insects and resistant to microbial attack. These properties are probably associated with the presence of terpenes, iridoids, flavonoids, naphthoquinones and phenylpropanoids previously demonstrated to have interesting biological activities. In this article a comprehensive evaluation of the potential utilization of Calceolaria species as a source of biopesticides is made. The chemical profile of selected members of the Chilean Calceolaria integrifolia sensu lato complex represents a significant addition to previous studies. New secondary metabolites were isolated, identified and tested for their antifeedant, insect growth regulation and insecticidal activities against Spodoptera frugiperda and Drosophila melanogaster. These species serve as a model of insect pests using conventional procedures

  7. Diversification strategies in the pesticide industry: from seeds to biopesticides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Pelaez

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The pesticide industry has undergone a diversification process led by six leading companies (Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer, Dow, DuPont, BASF that control roughly 68% of the world market. This growth, initiated in the second half of the 1990s, occurred through deals and acquisitions of companies from the seed and biopesticide markets. This paper analyzes these diversification strategies, which have involved a capital mobilization process based on the exploitation of economies of scope and management of complementary assets. This aims to minimize the risks of investment in consolidated markets as well as in new ones.

  8. Biopesticides: An option for the biological pest control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eusebio Nava Pérez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The indiscriminate use of synthetic pesticides and the problems that its cause to human health, agriculture and the environment is comment, this paper also present general aspects about of biopesticides, and their uses in the biological pest control. By the nature these can be safely used in a sustainable agriculture. An example is the use of botanical pesticides whose active ingredient are the terpenes, alkaloids and phenolics, these have insecticide effects for many agriculture pests; also its are less expensive, are biodegradable and safe for humans and the environment, however havelittle residuality. Microbial pesticides are being introduced successfully to pests control in important crops such as; coffee, sugar cane, beans and corn. These products contain bacteria, fungi, viruses or nematodes. However, few entomopathogenic agents have been developed as effective biocontrol agents, one of them is the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Berlinier for control of armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E Smith covering about 74% of the market,fungus 10% , viruses 5% and 11% others. Other upstanding case is the use of the fungus Beauveria bassiana (Balsamoagainst bean weevil Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say. Biopesticides have shown that when are used properly in the biological pest control its favor the practice of a sustainable agriculture, with less dependence of chemical insecticides.

  9. Design of a computer program for the registration of implantable medical device, field safety corrective action and advers events, as a tool for medical device surveillance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Francisco Márquez-Peiró

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To describe the features of computer program to support the activity of the responsible for surveillance of medical devices. To evaluate their use after one year of implementation in a hospital. Method: The stages of the process were: description of the activities of medical devices surveillance and implant registration, definition of functionality and data processing, creation of databases, implementation in a private hospital which manages PS, validation of the program and analysis of their usefulness. Results: SIVIPS was developed using Acces®. Main variables were described for all the activities of the responsible for medical device surveillance (implants, alert, medical device incidents, including for in vitro diagnostics and all the functionalities of the computer program. SIVIPS was introduced in a pharmacy service with one pharmacist for the management of medical devices. One year after its implementation we had registered 564 implants with a description by type of implant, 31 alerts and 6 incidents. SIVIPS allow monitoring of the actions taken in these cases. Conclusions: SIVIPS® is the first tool to support the activity of medical device surveillance. It is an easy tool that allows the registration of alerts and medical device related incidents, and registration of implants performed in the center, which will improve the traceability of the PS.

  10. Developing a dual agent biopesticide formulation with Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki and Beauveria bassiana blastospores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Production and formulation techniques to create a biopesticide with a mixture of entomopathogenic microbes were studied for improvements in efficacy. Recently developed production techniques were used to produce blastospores of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin strain GHA (Bb), which were mixed...

  11. Evaluation of Bioagents and Biopesticides against Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and its Integrated Management in Common Bean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilal Ahmad PADDER

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Three bioagents (Trichoderma viride, T. harzianum and Gliocladium virens and five biopesticides (Achook, Neemgold, Wannis, Spictaf and Neemazal were evaluated under in vitro and in vivo conditions against Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. All the three antagonistic fungi caused significant inhibition of mycelial growth, maximum being with T. viride (69.21% followed by T. harzianum (64.20%. Among the biopesticides tested at four concentrations, Wanis applied @ 1000 ?l/ml caused maximum inhibition of 82.12 per cent followed by Spictaf (52.85%. T. viride and Wanis @ 1000 ?l/ml were most effective in reducing the seed borne infection. Integration of bioagents with Bavistin showed that disease can be effectively managed with seed dressing either with Bavistin or biopesticide followed by foliar treatment with fungicide or biopesticide.

  12. The development, regulation and use of biopesticides for integrated pest management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, David; Bailey, Alastair S; Tatchell, G Mark; Davidson, Gill; Greaves, Justin; Grant, Wyn P

    2011-07-12

    Over the past 50 years, crop protection has relied heavily on synthetic chemical pesticides, but their availability is now declining as a result of new legislation and the evolution of resistance in pest populations. Therefore, alternative pest management tactics are needed. Biopesticides are pest management agents based on living micro-organisms or natural products. They have proven potential for pest management and they are being used across the world. However, they are regulated by systems designed originally for chemical pesticides that have created market entry barriers by imposing burdensome costs on the biopesticide industry. There are also significant technical barriers to making biopesticides more effective. In the European Union, a greater emphasis on Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as part of agricultural policy may lead to innovations in the way that biopesticides are regulated. There are also new opportunities for developing biopesticides in IPM by combining ecological science with post-genomics technologies. The new biopesticide products that will result from this research will bring with them new regulatory and economic challenges that must be addressed through joint working between social and natural scientists, policy makers and industry.

  13. 75 FR 60116 - Biopesticides Registration Review Final Decisions; Notice of Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... is used as a fungicide, insect repellent and ] vertebrate animal repellent. Use sites are indoor and... repellent, circumstantial. Garlic oil is the volatile oil extracted from the bulb of the garlic plant or the entire plant. Garlic oil is used as a repellent for the control of insects, mites, birds, deer,...

  14. Registration Service

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    Following a reorganization in Building 55, please note that the Registration Service is now organised as follows :  Ground floor: access cards (76903). 1st floor : registration of external firms’ personnel (76611 / 76622); car access stickers (76633); biometric registration (79710). Opening hours: 07-30 to 16-00 non-stop. GS-SEM Group General Infrastructure Services Department

  15. [Bioconversion of sewage sludge to biopesticide by Bacillus thuringiensis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ming; Zhou, Shun-gui; Lu, Na; Ni, Jin-ren

    2006-07-01

    Feasibility of bioconversion of sewage sludge to biopesticide by Bacillus thuringiensis was studied using sewage sludge as a raw material. The fermentation was also compared with conventional medium. Results showed that without any pretreatment, the nutrients contained in sewage sludge were almost sufficient for Bacillus thuringiensis growth, even with a rapid multiplicational rate. Higher viable cells and viable spores values were obtained earlier at 24 h, with 9.48 x 10(8) CFU x mL(-1) and 8.51 x 10(8) CFU x mL(-1) respectively, which was 12 hours earlier and nearly 20 percent higher than conventional medium. SEM of 36 h samples gave a clear phenomenon that the metabolizability in sludge was much faster with spores and crystals spreading around. The crystals in sludge seemed rather bigger and more regular. Also a better crystal protein yield of 2.80 mg x mL(-1) was observed in sludge medium compared to conventional medium at the end of fermentation. Sludge fermentation for Bacillus thuringiensis reduces the producing cost, and gives better fermentation capabilities. It's expected to be a new method for sludge disposal.

  16. Les biopesticides, compléments et alternatives aux produits phytosanitaires chimiques (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deravel, J.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Biopesticides, a complementary and alternative approach to the use of agrochemicals. A review. Biopesticides are living organisms or products derived from them, which have the ability to suppress or to reduce pests. Biopesticides have been used for centuries by farmers and these products offer many advantages. Today, biopesticides are classified into three groups according to their origin (microbial, plant or animal. They can be used both in conventional agriculture and in organic farming. Some biopesticides allow plants to withstand abiotic stress and, in general, they are less toxic than their chemical counterparts. Although they often have the reputation for being less effective than chemical pesticides, biopesticides are the subject of growing interest among farmers, particularly in the context of Integrated Pest Management strategies. The marketing of biopesticides is facilitated in some regions, such as the USA, while in others, such as Western Europe, the approval process is long and expensive. The future development of biopesticides depends on many factors, such as government policies both in terms of research support and in regulating agribusiness strategies, and the evolution of consumer choice.

  17. Fungal biopesticide production by solid-state fermentation : Growth and sporulation of coniothyrium minitans

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ooijkaas, L.P.

    2000-01-01

    The use of an inert carrier impregnated with a chemically defined medium might be attractive in industrial processes. This system can be used as alternative for agricultural substrates such as grains in solid-state fermentation for the production of fungal biopesticides. During recent years, the use

  18. IgE sensitization to bacterial and fungal biopesticides in a cohort of Danish greenhouse workers:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Doekes, G.; Larsen, Preben; Sigsgaard, Torben;

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The use of biopesticides in agriculture may implicate new risks of work-related allergic reactions. METHODS: Sera were tested from the BIOGART project, a longitudinal respiratory health study among >300 Danish greenhouse workers. IgE was measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with extra......BACKGROUND: The use of biopesticides in agriculture may implicate new risks of work-related allergic reactions. METHODS: Sera were tested from the BIOGART project, a longitudinal respiratory health study among >300 Danish greenhouse workers. IgE was measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA......) with extracts of biopesticide products containing Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) or Verticillium lecanii (Vert). RESULTS: Many sera had detectable IgE to BT (23-29%) or Vert (9-21%). IgE titers from the 2- and 3-year follow-up (n=230) were highly correlated, with discordant results in IgE titers to different...... BT, or to different Verticillium products were also significantly correlated (both r >0.70), whereas IgE anti-BT and anti-Verticillium showed no correlation at all. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to these microbial biopesticides may confer a risk of IgE-mediated sensitization. In future research...

  19. Sub-chronic lung inflammation after airway exposures to Bacillus thuringiensis biopesticides in mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kenneth K; Poulsen, Steen Seier; Hammer, Maria;

    2010-01-01

    of BALB/c mice were i.t instilled with one bolus (3.5 × 105 or 3.4 × 106 colony forming units (CFU) per mouse) of either biopesticide. Control mice were instilled with sterile water. BALFs were collected and the inflammatory cells were counted and differentiated. The BALFs were also subjected to CFU...

  20. Sub-chronic lung inflammation after airway exposures to Bacillus thuringiensis biopesticides in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barfod Kenneth K

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the present study was to assess possible health effects of airway exposures to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt based biopesticides in mice. Endpoints were lung inflammation evaluated by presence of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF, clearance of bacteria from the lung lumen and histological alterations of the lungs. Hazard identifications of the biopesticides were carried out using intratracheal (i.t. instillation, followed by an inhalation study. The two commercial biopesticides used were based on the Bt. subspecies kurstaki and israelensis, respectively. Groups of BALB/c mice were i.t instilled with one bolus (3.5 × 105 or 3.4 × 106 colony forming units (CFU per mouse of either biopesticide. Control mice were instilled with sterile water. BALFs were collected and the inflammatory cells were counted and differentiated. The BALFs were also subjected to CFU counts. Results BALF cytology showed an acute inflammatory response dominated by neutrophils 24 hours after instillation of biopesticide. Four days after instillation, the neutrophil number was normalised and inflammation was dominated by lymphocytes and eosinophils, whereas 70 days after instillation, the inflammation was interstitially located with few inflammatory cells present in the lung lumen. Half of the instilled mice had remaining CFU recovered from BALF 70 days after exposure. To gain further knowledge with relevance for risk assessment, mice were exposed to aerosols of biopesticide one hour per day for 2 × 5 days. Each mouse received 1.9 × 104 CFU Bt israelensis or 2.3 × 103 CFU Bt kurstaki per exposure. Seventy days after end of the aerosol exposures, 3 out of 17 mice had interstitial lung inflammation. CFU could be recovered from 1 out of 10 mice 70 days after exposure to aerosolised Bt kurstaki. Plethysmography showed that inhalation of Bt aerosol did not induce airway irritation. Conclusions Repeated low dose aerosol

  1. Allergic Responses Induced by a Fungal Biopesticide Metarhizium anisopliae and House Dust Mite are Compared in a Mouse Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopesticides can be effective in controlling their target pest. However, research regarding mammalian health impacts of these agents has focused on toxicity and pathogenicity, with limited research regarding allergenicity and asthma development. We compared the ability of funga...

  2. Image registration

    CERN Document Server

    Goshtasby, A Ardeshir

    2012-01-01

    This book presents a thorough and detailed guide to image registration, outlining the principles and reviewing state-of-the-art tools and methods. The book begins by identifying the components of a general image registration system, and then describes the design of each component using various image analysis tools. The text reviews a vast array of tools and methods, not only describing the principles behind each tool and method, but also measuring and comparing their performances using synthetic and real data. Features: discusses similarity/dissimilarity measures, point detectors, feature extr

  3. Fungal biopesticide production by solid-state fermentation : Growth and sporulation of coniothyrium minitans

    OpenAIRE

    Ooijkaas, L.P.

    2000-01-01

    The use of an inert carrier impregnated with a chemically defined medium might be attractive in industrial processes. This system can be used as alternative for agricultural substrates such as grains in solid-state fermentation for the production of fungal biopesticides. During recent years, the use of fungal spores for the biological control of plant pests and diseases has received increasing interest. Coniothyrium minitans is a biocontrol agent of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum a widespread plant...

  4. Efficacy of two fungus-based biopesticide against the honeybee ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Abdelaal A; Abd-Elhady, Hany K

    2013-08-15

    The varroa mite, Varroa destructor (Anderson and Trueman) (Acari: Varroidae), is known as the most serious ectoparasitic mite on honeybee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in the world. Based on the spores of entomopathogenic fungi, two commercial preparations; Bioranza (Metarhizium anisopliae) and Biovar (Beauveria bassiana) were evaluated through application into the hives against varroa mite. Data showed significant differences between treatments with Bioranza and Biovar, the results were significant after 7 and 14 days post-treatment. Mean a daily fallen mite individual was significantly different between the hives before and after the applications of the two biopesticides and wheat flour. Also, mites' mortality was, significantly, different between the hives before and after treatments. There were significant differences between treatments with the two biopesticides in worker's body weight. Bioranza and Biovar did not infect the honeybee in larval, prepupal, pupal and adult stages. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy images showed spores and hyphae penetration through stigma and wounds on varroa. The results suggest that Bioranza and Biovar are potentially are effective biopesticides against V. destructor in honeybee colonies.

  5. Sampling and Selection Factors that Enhance the Diversity of Microbial Collections: Application to Biopesticide Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Kyung Park

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Diverse bacteria are known to colonize plants. However, only a small fraction of that diversity has been evaluated for their biopesticide potential. To date, the criteria for sampling and selection in such bioprospecting endeavors have not been systematically evaluated in terms of the relative amount of diversity they provide for analysis. The present study aimed to enhance the success of bio-prospecting efforts by increasing the diversity while removing the genotypic redundancy often present in large collections of bacteria. We developed a multivariate sampling and marker-based selection strategy that significantly increase the diversity of bacteria recovered from plants. In doing so, we quantified the effects of varying sampling intensity, media composition, incubation conditions, plant species, and soil source on the diversity of recovered isolates. Subsequent sequencing and high-throughput phenotypic analyses of a small fraction of the collected isolates revealed that this approach led to the recovery of over a dozen rare and, to date, poorly characterized genera of plant-associated bacteria with significant biopesticide activities. Overall, the sampling and selection approach described led to an approximately 5-fold improvement in efficiency and the recovery of several novel strains of bacteria with significant biopesticide potential.

  6. 76 FR 42684 - Statutory Invention Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Statutory Invention Registration ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request... drawings be published as a statutory invention registration (SIR). A published SIR is not a patent. It has... obtaining patents on the inventions claimed in the applications. However, given that 37 CFR 1.211...

  7. Low translocation of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis to inner organs in mice after pulmonary exposure to commercial biopesticide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kenneth Klingenberg; Ørum-Smidt, Lasse; Krogfelt, Karen A.;

    2010-01-01

    Translocation of viable cells from a Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis-based biopesticide to inner organs in a mouse model was studied. Mice were exposed to the originally formulated product through the lungs and gastrointestinal tract by intratracheal instillation. Colony forming units (CFU) were...... grown from lungs, caecum, spleen and liver on Bacillus cereus-specific agar (BCSA) after 24 h and finally determined to be biopesticide strain B. t. israelensis by large plasmid profile. No CFU were found in spleen or liver of the control mice or in any aerosol background or material. We have shown...

  8. Management of Powdery Mildew in Squash by Plant and Alga Extract Biopesticides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shouan; Mersha, Zelalem; Vallad, Gary E; Huang, Cheng-Hua

    2016-12-01

    Although many fungicides are registered for use to control powdery mildew on cucurbits, management of resistance to fungicides in pathogen populations still remains a major challenge. Two biopesticides Regalia SC and HMO 736 were evaluated in the greenhouse and field for their efficacy against powdery mildew in squash. In greenhouses, Regalia SC alone significantly (P powdery mildew compared to the nontreated control, and was as effective as the chemical standard Procure 480SC (triflumizole). In alternation with Procure 480SC, Regalia SC demonstrated greater or equivalent effects on reducing the disease. HMO 736 alone showed varying levels of disease control, but alternating with Procure 480SC significantly improved control efficacy. In addition, application of Regalia SC or HMO 736 each in alternation with Procure 480SC significantly increased the chlorophyll content in leaves and the total fresh weight of squash plants, when compared with the water control, Regalia SC and HMO 736 alone. In field trials, application of Regalia SC and HMO 736 each alone significantly reduced disease severity in one of two field trials during the early stage of disease development, but not during later stages when disease pressure became high. Both Regalia SC and HMO 736 each applied in alternation with Procure 480SC significantly improved the control efficacy compared to Procure 480SC alone. Results from this study demonstrated that an integrated management program can be developed for powdery mildew in squash by integrating the biopesticides Regalia SC, HMO 736 with the chemical fungicide Procure 480SC.

  9. 75 FR 10259 - Pesticide Products; Registration Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... address for each contact person listed is: Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division (7511P), Office...: Pasteuria usgae. Proposed Uses: Strawberries. Contact: Jeannine Kausch, (703) 347-8920, kausch.jeannine@epa... A. Matthews, Acting Director, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division, Office of...

  10. Evaluation of two different culture media for the development of biopesticides based on Bacillus thuringiensis and their application in larvae of Aedes aegypti - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v35i1.13831

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samara Ernandes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 The bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti generates certain toxins with pesticide action, which can be used on the control of transmissible diseases by culicides, specially Aedes aegypti, the dengue vector. This biopesticide has been produced by submerged fermentation and, in Brazil, this production has been made by very little research centers and, more recently, by a unique small enterprise. For the implementation of a viable vectors control program through biopesticides, some studies about culture media are essential in order to join efficiency and low costs. In this way, agroindustrial wastes or by-products have been used as a nutrient source for the culture media production. In this study, corn steep liquor, a corn industrial processing by-product and tryptose, both with / without sugar addition, were compared as culture media. Cellular growth was evaluated by optical density at 620 nm, spore production by total viable cell count and LC50 by bioassays against 4th instar larvae. Among the four examined substrates, the medium composed by glucose plus corn steep liquor presented the best spore production and bioassay results.

  11. Open release of male mosquitoes infected with a wolbachia biopesticide: field performance and infection containment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda O'Connor

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF is a globally significant disease, with 1.3 billion persons in 83 countries at risk. A coordinated effort of administering annual macrofilaricidal prophylactics to the entire at-risk population has succeeded in impacting and eliminating LF transmission in multiple regions. However, some areas in the South Pacific are predicted to persist as transmission sites, due in part to the biology of the mosquito vector, which has led to a call for additional tools to augment drug treatments. Autocidal strategies against mosquitoes are resurging in the effort against invasive mosquitoes and vector borne disease, with examples that include field trials of genetically modified mosquitoes and Wolbachia population replacement. However, critical questions must be addressed in anticipation of full field trials, including assessments of field competitiveness of transfected males and the risk of unintended population replacement. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We report the outcome of field experiments testing a strategy that employs Wolbachia as a biopesticide. The strategy is based upon Wolbachia-induced conditional sterility, known as cytoplasmic incompatibility, and the repeated release of incompatible males to suppress a population. A criticism of the Wolbachia biopesticide approach is that unintended female release or horizontal Wolbachia transmission can result in population replacement instead of suppression. We present the outcome of laboratory and field experiments assessing the competitiveness of transfected males and their ability to transmit Wolbachia via horizontal transmission. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results demonstrate that Wolbachia-transfected Aedes polynesiensis males are competitive under field conditions during a thirty-week open release period, as indicated by mark, release, recapture and brood-hatch failure among females at the release site. Experiments demonstrate the males to be 'dead end hosts

  12. Management of Powdery Mildew in Squash by Plant and Alga Extract Biopesticides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shouan Zhang

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Although many fungicides are registered for use to control powdery mildew on cucurbits, management of resistance to fungicides in pathogen populations still remains a major challenge. Two biopesticides Regalia SC and HMO 736 were evaluated in the greenhouse and field for their efficacy against powdery mildew in squash. In greenhouses, Regalia SC alone significantly (P < 0.05 reduced powdery mildew compared to the nontreated control, and was as effective as the chemical standard Procure 480SC (triflumizole. In alternation with Procure 480SC, Regalia SC demonstrated greater or equivalent effects on reducing the disease. HMO 736 alone showed varying levels of disease control, but alternating with Procure 480SC significantly improved control efficacy. In addition, application of Regalia SC or HMO 736 each in alternation with Procure 480SC significantly increased the chlorophyll content in leaves and the total fresh weight of squash plants, when compared with the water control, Regalia SC and HMO 736 alone. In field trials, application of Regalia SC and HMO 736 each alone significantly reduced disease severity in one of two field trials during the early stage of disease development, but not during later stages when disease pressure became high. Both Regalia SC and HMO 736 each applied in alternation with Procure 480SC significantly improved the control efficacy compared to Procure 480SC alone. Results from this study demonstrated that an integrated management program can be developed for powdery mildew in squash by integrating the biopesticides Regalia SC, HMO 736 with the chemical fungicide Procure 480SC.

  13. Mass Preserving Image Registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorbunova, V.; Sporring, J.; Lo, P.;

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents results the mass preserving image registration method in the Evaluation of Methods for Pulmonary Image Registration 2010 (EMPIRE10) Challenge. The mass preserving image registration algorithm was applied to the 20 image pairs. Registration was evaluated using four different...... scores: lung boundary alignment, major fissure lignment, landmark alignment and transform singularity scores. The registration algorithm achieved an average landmark alignment score of 2.20 } 2.05 mm and the median of 1.29 mm. In 19 out of 20 image pairs, the method produced invertible deformations....... Overall, the masspreserving image registration method was ranked 20th out of 34 participants...

  14. The effect of Mirabilis jalapa leaves biopesticide treatment on the mycelium growth of entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana inside the larvae body Crocidolomia binotalis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramita, Mia; Anggraeni, Tjandra

    2015-09-01

    Pest control with biological method (biopesticide and entomopathogenic fungi) is an alternative program to reduce application of chemical insecticide. Biopesticide of Mirabilis jalapa leaves has been discovered rich in secondary metabolites which has antifeedant activity that can provide physiological interference in insect larvae and the generation numbers[1]. Entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana has potential to control pest populations[2]. The growth of mycelium B. bassiana may interfere metabolism process inside the host body. Otherwise, B. bassiana produce toxins such as beauvericin that can increase mortality of pest. Combination of M. jalapa and B. bassiana reduce LT50 on C. binotalis larvae[3]. Thus, this study aims to determine influence of provision of biopesticide M. jalapa leaves on growth of mycelium entomopathogenic fungi B. bassiana inside larvae body C. binotalis and to detect the presence of beauvericin in vivo. Third instar larvae of C. binotalis were divided into a control, fungal and combination group. The combination group was given biopesticide and fungi. The concentration of biopesticide was 0.8% (w/v) and concentration of fungi spores was 107 spores/ml. Spores (vol. 5µl) done topically to larvae in interval 6 hours after treatment of biopesticide on non-pesticide cabbage leaves. Afterwards, histological observations performed at 24, 48, 72, 96 hours after treatment. The result show of emergence hyphae and mycelium growth inside lumen of larvae midgut on combination group faster than fungal group. This is thought to be caused by the influence of secondary metabolites of biopesticide M. jalapa leaves. In addition, beauviricin is detectable both of fungal and combination group. Thus, it can be concluded that treatment of biopesticide from M. jalapa leaves can accelerate on growth of mycelium entomopathogenic fungi B. bassiana inside the larvae body C. binotalis and toxic of B. bassiana such as beauvericin was detected on fungal and

  15. Do biopesticides affect the demographic traits of a parasitoid wasp and its biocontrol services through sublethal effects?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Biondi

    Full Text Available Pesticide risk assessments are usually based on short-term acute toxicity tests, while longer-term population dynamic related traits, critical to the success of biological control and Integrated Pest Management (IPM programs, are often overlooked. This is increasingly important with respect to new biopesticides that frequently cause no short-term acute effects, but that can induce multiple physiological and behavioral sublethal effects, leading to a decrease in population growth and ecosystem services. In this study we assessed the lethal and sublethal effects of six biopesticides [abamectin, azadirachtin, Bacillus thuringiensis, borax plus citrus oil (Prev-Am®, emamectin benzoate, and spinosad], used in tomato crops to control the invasive pest Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae, on adults and pupae of the parasitoid Bracon nigricans (Hymenoptera: Braconidae. Data on female survival and production of female offspring were used to calculate population growth indexes as a measure of population recovery after pesticide exposure. Spinosad caused 100% and 80% mortality in exposed adults (even 10 d after the treatment and pupae, respectively. Although most of the biopesticides had low levels of acute toxicity, multiple sublethal effects were observed. The biocontrol activity of both females that survived 1-h and 10-d old residues, and females that emerged from topically treated pupae was significantly affected by the application of the neurotoxic insecticides emamectin benzoate and abamectin. Furthermore, very low B. nigricans demographic growth indices were estimated for these two insecticides, indicating potential local extinction of the wasp populations. Among the tested products, Bt proved to be the safest for B. nigricans adults and pupae. Our findings emphasize that acute toxicity assessment alone cannot fully predict the actual impact of pesticides on non-target parasitoids. Thus, sublethal effects related to the species specific life

  16. Lysimachia foenum-graecum Herba Extract, a Novel Biopesticide, Inhibits ABC Transporter Genes and Mycelial Growth of Magnaporthe oryzae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youngjin Lee

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To identify a novel biopesticide controlling rice blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, 700 plant extracts were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on mycelial growth of M. oryzae. The L. foenum-graecum Herba extract showed the lowest inhibition concentration (IC₅₀ of 39.28 μg/ml, which is lower than the IC₅₀ of blasticidin S (63.06 μg/ml, a conventional fungicide for rice blast disease. When treatments were combined, the IC₅₀ of blasticidin S was dramatically reduced to 10.67 μg/ml. Since ABC transporter genes are involved in fungicide resistance of many organisms, we performed RT-PCR to investigate the transcriptional changes of 40 ABC transporter family genes of M. oryzae treated with the plant extract, blasticidin S, and tetrandrine, a recognized ABC transporter inhibitor. Four ABC transporter genes were prominently activated by blasticidin S treatment, but were suppressed by combinational treatment of blasticidin S with the plant extract, or with tetrandrine that didn’t show cellular toxicity by itself in this study. Mycelial death was detected via confocal microscopy at 24 h after plant extract treatment. Finally, subsequent rice field study revealed that the plant extract had high control efficacy of 63.3% and should be considered a biopesticide for rice blast disease. These results showed that extract of L. foenum graecum Herba suppresses M. oryzae ABC transporter genes inducing mycelial death and therefore may be a potent novel biopesticide.

  17. A Multistage Approach for Image Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Francis; Hu, Jianghai; Du, Eliza Yingzi

    2016-09-01

    Successful image registration is an important step for object recognition, target detection, remote sensing, multimodal content fusion, scene blending, and disaster assessment and management. The geometric and photometric variations between images adversely affect the ability for an algorithm to estimate the transformation parameters that relate the two images. Local deformations, lighting conditions, object obstructions, and perspective differences all contribute to the challenges faced by traditional registration techniques. In this paper, a novel multistage registration approach is proposed that is resilient to view point differences, image content variations, and lighting conditions. Robust registration is realized through the utilization of a novel region descriptor which couples with the spatial and texture characteristics of invariant feature points. The proposed region descriptor is exploited in a multistage approach. A multistage process allows the utilization of the graph-based descriptor in many scenarios thus allowing the algorithm to be applied to a broader set of images. Each successive stage of the registration technique is evaluated through an effective similarity metric which determines subsequent action. The registration of aerial and street view images from pre- and post-disaster provide strong evidence that the proposed method estimates more accurate global transformation parameters than traditional feature-based methods. Experimental results show the robustness and accuracy of the proposed multistage image registration methodology.

  18. Starch industry wastewater for production of biopesticides--ramifications of solids concentrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vu, Khanh Dang; Tyagi, R D; Brar, S K; Valéro, J R; Surampalli, R Y

    2009-04-01

    Total solids (TS) concentrations ranging from 15 to 66 g L(-1) of starch industry wastewater (SIW) were tested as raw material for the production of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki HD-1 (Btk) biopesticide in shake flasks and a 15 L bench-scale fermenter. Shake flask studies revealed a higher delta-endotoxin concentration of Btk at 30 g L(-1) TS concentration and 2.5% (v v(-1)) volume of pre-culture. The fermenter experiments conducted using SIW at 30 g L(-1) TS concentration under controlled conditions of temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen showed higher spore count, enzyme production (protease and amylase) and delta-endotoxin concentration as compared with those of SIW at 15 g L(-1) TS concentration. The entomotoxicity, at the end of fermentation, with SIW at 30 g L(-1) solids concentration (17.8 x 10(9) SBU L(-1), measured against spruce budworm) was considerably higher as compared with entomotoxicity at 15 g L(-1) solids concentration (15.3 x 10(9) SBU L(-1)) and semi-synthetic medium (11.7 x 10(9) SBU L(-1)). The pellet, comprising spores and delta-endotoxin complex obtained after centrifugation and followed by resuspension (in supernatant) in one-tenth of the original volume, of SIW at 30 g L(-1) solids concentration media registered the highest potential for application (to protect forests against spruce budworm) than other media in term of entomotoxicity.

  19. Scale-up of biopesticide production processes using wastewater sludge as a raw material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yezza, A; Tyagi, R D; Valèro, J R; Surampalli, R Y; Smith, J

    2004-12-01

    Studies were conducted on the production of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)-based biopesticides to ascertain the performance of the process in shake flasks, and in two geometrically similar fermentors (15 and 150 l) utilizing wastewater sludge as a raw material. The results showed that it was possible to achieve better oxygen transfer in the larger capacity fermentor. Viable cell counts increased by 38-55% in the bioreactor compared to shake flasks. As for spore counts, an increase of 25% was observed when changing from shake flask to fermentor experiments. Spore counts were unchanged in bench (15 l) and pilot scale (5.3-5.5 e(+08) cfu/ml; 150 l). An improvement of 30% in the entomotoxicity potential was obtained at pilot scale. Protease activity increased by two to four times at bench and pilot scale, respectively, compared to the maximum activity obtained in shake flasks. The maximum protease activity (4.1 IU/ml) was obtained in pilot scale due to better oxygen transfer. The Bt fermentation process using sludge as raw material was successfully scaled up and resulted in high productivity for toxin protein yield and a high protease activity.

  20. Novel biopesticide based on a spider venom peptide shows no adverse effects on honeybees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakasu, Erich Y T; Williamson, Sally M; Edwards, Martin G; Fitches, Elaine C; Gatehouse, John A; Wright, Geraldine A; Gatehouse, Angharad M R

    2014-07-22

    Evidence is accumulating that commonly used pesticides are linked to decline of pollinator populations; adverse effects of three neonicotinoids on bees have led to bans on their use across the European Union. Developing insecticides that pose negligible risks to beneficial organisms such as honeybees is desirable and timely. One strategy is to use recombinant fusion proteins containing neuroactive peptides/proteins linked to a 'carrier' protein that confers oral toxicity. Hv1a/GNA (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin), containing an insect-specific spider venom calcium channel blocker (ω-hexatoxin-Hv1a) linked to snowdrop lectin (GNA) as a 'carrier', is an effective oral biopesticide towards various insect pests. Effects of Hv1a/GNA towards a non-target species, Apis mellifera, were assessed through a thorough early-tier risk assessment. Following feeding, honeybees internalized Hv1a/GNA, which reached the brain within 1 h after exposure. However, survival was only slightly affected by ingestion (LD50>100 µg bee(-1)) or injection of fusion protein. Bees fed acute (100 µg bee(-1)) or chronic (0.35 mg ml(-1)) doses of Hv1a/GNA and trained in an olfactory learning task had similar rates of learning and memory to no-pesticide controls. Larvae were unaffected, being able to degrade Hv1a/GNA. These tests suggest that Hv1a/GNA is unlikely to cause detrimental effects on honeybees, indicating that atracotoxins targeting calcium channels are potential alternatives to conventional pesticides.

  1. 75 FR 6656 - Pesticide Product; Registration Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Product; Registration Application AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces receipt of an application to register a new use for a pesticide... the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), as amended. EPA is publishing...

  2. 75 FR 16111 - Antimicrobial Pesticide Products; Registration Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... farm animals; first food use to control viruses, bacteria, fungi, and algae in poultry and swine... AGENCY Antimicrobial Pesticide Products; Registration Applications AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces receipt of applications to register new...

  3. How to evaluate the environmental safety of plant protection products of natural origin - Proposals for decision trees for microbial, semio-chemical, and plant-derived biopesticides: version 1.0

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mensink BJWG; SEC

    2004-01-01

    The environmental safety of crop protection products of natural origin (biopesticides) is to be re-evaluated within a few years' time by the European Union. Also, new biopesticides will enter the EU market, due to the increasing importance of sustainable agriculture. There is, however, almost no gui

  4. Locally Orderless Registration Code

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    This is code for the TPAMI paper "Locally Orderless Registration". The code requires intel threadding building blocks installed and is provided for 64 bit on mac, linux and windows.......This is code for the TPAMI paper "Locally Orderless Registration". The code requires intel threadding building blocks installed and is provided for 64 bit on mac, linux and windows....

  5. Locally orderless registration code

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    This is code for the TPAMI paper "Locally Orderless Registration". The code requires intel threadding building blocks installed and is provided for 64 bit on mac, linux and windows.......This is code for the TPAMI paper "Locally Orderless Registration". The code requires intel threadding building blocks installed and is provided for 64 bit on mac, linux and windows....

  6. Information from the Registration Service

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2011-01-01

    Please note that the Registration Service (Bldg 55-1st floor) will be exceptionally open during the annual end of year closure from 10:00 to 12:00 on the following days: 22, 23, 26, 27,28, 29 et 30 December 2011 and 2,3, et 4 January 2012. All the activities related to the Registration Service will be operational: registration for contractors’ personnel; registrations for professional visits; access cards; car stickers; biometric registration. The Registration Service

  7. Complete genome sequence of Bacillus thuringiensis serovar galleriae strain HD-29, a typical strain of commercial biopesticide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Lei; Tian, Long-Jun; Zheng, Jinshui; Gao, Qiu-Ling; Wang, Yue-Ying; Peng, Dong-Hai; Ruan, Li-Fang; Sun, Ming

    2015-02-10

    Bacillus thuringiensis serovar galleriae is highly toxic to Lepidoptera insect pests, and has been widely used as Bt biopesticide in many countries. Here we reported the complete genome of strain HD-29, a standard serotype strain in galleriae serovariety. More than previous work reported, it harbors ten plasmids, and three large ones carry eight insecticidal protein genes (cry1Aa, cry1Ac, cry1Ca, cry1Da, cry1Ia, cry2Ab, cry9Ea and vip3Aa) and an intact zwittermicin A biosynthetic gene cluster.

  8. etude de l'ifficacité des huilles essentielles de curcuma longa comme un biopesticides cas antifongique

    OpenAIRE

    larabi, souhila; rabah, souhila

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Les plantes médicinales constituent une source immense de métabolites secondaires, dont les huiles essentielles, dotées de nombreuses activités biologiques ; Cette étude a pour objectif l'évaluation de l'effet des huiles essentielles de Curcuma longa Linn comme un biopesticide Cas antifongique. L'extraction des huiles essentielles de Curcuma Ionga Linn a été réalisée par hydrodistillation. Le rendement en HE est de 0,96%. L'activité antifongique est mise en évidence p...

  9. Allergic Responses Induced by a Fungal Biopesticide Metarhizium anisopliae and House Dust Mite Are Compared in a Mouse Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsha D. W. Ward

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Biopesticides can be effective in controlling their target pest. However, research regarding allergenicity and asthma development is limited. We compared the ability of fungal biopesticide Metarhizium anisopliae (MACA and house dust mite (HDM extracts to induce allergic responses in BALB/c mice. The extracts were administered by intratracheal aspiration at doubling doses (2.5–80 g protein 4X over a four-week period. Three days after the last exposure, serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF were collected. The extracts' relative allergenicity was evaluated based on response robustness (lowest significant dose response compared to control (0 g. MACA induced a more robust serum total IgE response than HDM. However, in the antigen-specific IgE assay, a similar dose of both MACA and HDM was required to achieve the same response level. Our data suggest a threshold dose of MACA for allergy induction and that M. anisopliae may be similar to HDM in allergy induction potential.

  10. Pesticide Registration Information System

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — PRISM provides an integrated, web portal for all pesticide related data, communications, registrations and transactions for OPP and its stakeholders, partners and...

  11. Visitor Registration System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — Visitor Registration System (VRS) streamlines visitor check-in and check-out process for expediting visitors into USAID. The system captures visitor information...

  12. Antenna Structure Registrate

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This file is an extract of the Antenna Structure Registrate (ASR). The ASR consists of antenna structures that are more than 60.96 meters (200 feet) in height or...

  13. Storage and persistence of a candidate fungal biopesticide for use against adult malaria vectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanford Simon

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background New products aimed at augmenting or replacing chemical insecticides must have operational profiles that include both high efficacy in reducing vector numbers and/or blocking parasite transmission and be long lasting following application. Research aimed at developing fungal spores as a biopesticide for vector control have shown considerable potential yet have not been directly assessed for their viability after long-term storage or following application in the field. Methods Spores from a single production run of the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana were dried and then stored under refrigeration at 7°C. After 585 days these spores were sub-sampled and placed at either 22°C, 26°C or 32°C still sealed in packaging (closed storage or in open beakers and exposed to the 80% relative humidity of the incubator they were kept in. Samples were subsequently taken from these treatments over a further 165 days to assess viability. Spores from the same production run were also used to test their persistence following application to three different substrates, clay, cement and wood, using a hand held sprayer. The experiments were conducted at two different institutes with one using adult female Anopheles stephensi and the other adult female Anopheles gambiae. Mosquitoes were exposed to the treated substrates for one hour before being removed and their survival monitored for the next 14 days. Assays were performed at monthly intervals over a maximum seven months. Results Spore storage under refrigeration resulted in no loss of spore viability over more than two years. Spore viability of those samples kept under open and closed storage was highly dependent on the incubation temperature with higher temperatures decreasing viability more rapidly than cooler temperatures. Mosquito survival following exposure was dependent on substrate type. Spore persistence on the clay substrate was greatest achieving 80% population reduction for

  14. The effect of leaf biopesticide (Mirabilis jalapa) and entomopathogenic fungi (Beauveria bassiana) combinations to some physiological characters and histology of Crocidolomia pavonana (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirajuddin, Nur Tasmiah; Anggraeni, Tjandra

    2014-03-01

    Crocidolomia pavonana is one of the most prominent pest that cause damage to vegetables especially Brassicaceae such us cabbage, broccoli, mustard greens and turnips, these vegetable have been widely consumed and cultivated in Indonesia. The invation of this pest might created high risk of cultivated failure. Enviromentally pest control efforts by utilizing biological control agents such us biopesticides of plants and entomopathogenic fungi have been carried out, but the work was relatively long and strongly influenced by environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to combine biopesticide of Mirabilis jalapa and entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana to look at mortality of C. pavonana larvae observing by histological incision and scanning electron microscope. Concentration treatments of extracts M. jalapa was (control; 0,1; 0,2; 0,4 and 0,8 gr/ml) and the result showed that the effective concentration was 0,8 g/ml which affect significantly (P<0,05) in reduce pupa weight, improve pupasi time, lowering percentage of emergence imago and improve the long phase of pupa which differ significantly with control. The combination of biopesticides proved to accelerate the mortality of larvae. Histological incision observed at hour 24, 48, 72 and 96, where the biggest damage occurred at hour 96. Observation by scanning electron microscope showed fungus spores that attach to the body surface of larvae subsequently penetrate into the body. Thus the combination use of biopesticides M. jalapa and fungi B. bassiana, can be used as an alternative pest control C. pavonana.

  15. The effect of leaf biopesticide (Mirabilis jalapa) and entomopathogenic fungi (Beauveria bassiana) combinations to some physiological characters and histology of Crocidolomia pavonana (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sirajuddin, Nur Tasmiah, E-mail: nurtasmiah@yahoo.com; Anggraeni, Tjandra, E-mail: nurtasmiah@yahoo.com [Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati - ITB, Jalan Ganesa 10 Bandung (Indonesia)

    2014-03-24

    Crocidolomia pavonana is one of the most prominent pest that cause damage to vegetables especially Brassicaceae such us cabbage, broccoli, mustard greens and turnips, these vegetable have been widely consumed and cultivated in Indonesia. The invation of this pest might created high risk of cultivated failure. Enviromentally pest control efforts by utilizing biological control agents such us biopesticides of plants and entomopathogenic fungi have been carried out, but the work was relatively long and strongly influenced by environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to combine biopesticide of Mirabilis jalapa and entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana to look at mortality of C. pavonana larvae observing by histological incision and scanning electron microscope. Concentration treatments of extracts M. jalapa was (control; 0,1; 0,2; 0,4 and 0,8 gr/ml) and the result showed that the effective concentration was 0,8 g/ml which affect significantly (P<0,05) in reduce pupa weight, improve pupasi time, lowering percentage of emergence imago and improve the long phase of pupa which differ significantly with control. The combination of biopesticides proved to accelerate the mortality of larvae. Histological incision observed at hour 24, 48, 72 and 96, where the biggest damage occurred at hour 96. Observation by scanning electron microscope showed fungus spores that attach to the body surface of larvae subsequently penetrate into the body. Thus the combination use of biopesticides M. jalapa and fungi B. bassiana, can be used as an alternative pest control C. pavonana.

  16. A new biopesticide from a local Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis (Xd3) against alder leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eski, Ardahan; Demir, İsmail; Sezen, Kazım; Demirbağ, Zihni

    2017-05-01

    Use of chemical pesticides in agriculture harms humans, non-target organisms and environments, and causes increase resistance against chemicals. In order to develop an effective bio-pesticide against coleopterans, particularly against Agelastica alni (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) which is one of the serious pests of alder leaf and hazelnut, we tested the insecticidal effect of 21 Bacillus isolates against the larvae and adults of the pest. Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis-Xd3 (Btt-Xd3) showed the highest insecticidal effect based on screening tests. For toxin protein production and high sporulation of Xd3, the most suitable medium, pH and temperature conditions were determined as nutrient broth medium enriched with salts, pH 7 and 30 °C, respectively. Sporulated Btt-Xd3 in nutrient broth medium enriched with salts transferred to fermentation medium containing soybean flour, glucose and salts. After fermentation, the mixture was dried in a spray dryer, and spore count of the powder product was determined as 1.6 × 10(10) c.f.u. g(-1). Moisture content, suspensibility and wettability of the formulation were determined as 8.3, 86% and 21 s, respectively. Lethal concentrations (LC50) of formulated Btt-Xd3 were determined as 0.15 × 10(5) c.f.u. ml(-1) for larvae at laboratory conditions. LC50 values were also determined as 0.45 × 10(6) c.f.u. ml(-1) at the field condition on larval stage. Our results showed that a new bio-pesticide developed from B. thuringiensis tenebrionis (Xd3) (Btt-Xd3) may be valuable as a biological control agent for coleopteran pests.

  17. Valorization of soy waste through SSF for the production of compost enriched with Bacillus thuringiensis with biopesticide properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballardo, Cindy; Abraham, Juliana; Barrena, Raquel; Artola, Adriana; Gea, Teresa; Sánchez, Antoni

    2016-03-15

    There is a growing generation of biodegradable wastes from different human activities from industrial to agricultural including home and recreational activities. On the other hand, agricultural and horticultural activities require significant amounts of organic amendments and pesticides. In this framework, the present study evaluates the viability of soy fiber residue valorization as organic soil amendment with biopesticide properties through aerobic solid-state fermentation (SSF) in the presence of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The experiments were performed first under sterile and non-sterile conditions at lab scale using 115 g of sample and controlled temperature (30 °C). Bt growth was successful in sterile conditions, obtaining 6.2 × 10(11) CFU g(-1) DM and 8.6 × 10(10) spores g(-1) DM after 6 days. Bt survived on solid culture under non-sterile conditions (3.8 × 10(9) CFU g(-1) DM and 1.3 × 10(8) spores g(-1) DM). Further, the valorization process was scaled-up to 10 L reactors (2300 g) under non-sterile conditions obtaining a final stabilized material with viable Bt cells and spores (9.5 × 10(7) CFU g(-1) DM and 1.1 × 10(8) spores g(-1) DM in average) after 9 days of SSF. These results confirm the possibility of managing biodegradable wastes by their transformation to a waste derived soil amendment with enhanced biopesticide effect, in comparison to traditional compost using a valuable and low-cost technique (SSF).

  18. Earth Science Imagery Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeMoigne, Jacqueline; Morisette, Jeffrey; Cole-Rhodes, Arlene; Johnson, Kisha; Netanyahu, Nathan S.; Eastman, Roger; Stone, Harold; Zavorin, Ilya

    2003-01-01

    The study of global environmental changes involves the comparison, fusion, and integration of multiple types of remotely-sensed data at various temporal, radiometric, and spatial resolutions. Results of this integration may be utilized for global change analysis, as well as for the validation of new instruments or for new data analysis. Furthermore, future multiple satellite missions will include many different sensors carried on separate platforms, and the amount of remote sensing data to be combined is increasing tremendously. For all of these applications, the first required step is fast and automatic image registration, and as this need for automating registration techniques is being recognized, it becomes necessary to survey all the registration methods which may be applicable to Earth and space science problems and to evaluate their performances on a large variety of existing remote sensing data as well as on simulated data of soon-to-be-flown instruments. In this paper we present one of the first steps toward such an exhaustive quantitative evaluation. First, the different components of image registration algorithms are reviewed, and different choices for each of these components are described. Then, the results of the evaluation of the corresponding algorithms combining these components are presented o n several datasets. The algorithms are based on gray levels or wavelet features and compute rigid transformations (including scale, rotation, and shifts). Test datasets include synthetic data as well as data acquired over several EOS Land Validation Core Sites with the IKONOS and the Landsat-7 sensors.

  19. Image registration with uncertainty analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Katherine M.

    2011-03-22

    In an image registration method, edges are detected in a first image and a second image. A percentage of edge pixels in a subset of the second image that are also edges in the first image shifted by a translation is calculated. A best registration point is calculated based on a maximum percentage of edges matched. In a predefined search region, all registration points other than the best registration point are identified that are not significantly worse than the best registration point according to a predetermined statistical criterion.

  20. Articulated registration: elastic registration based on a wire-model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Fernandez, Miguel A.; Munyoz-Moreno, Emma; Martin-Fernandez, Marcos; Alberola-Lopez, Carlos

    2005-04-01

    In this paper we propose a new method of elastic registration of anatomical structures that bears an inner skeleton, such as the knee, hand or spine. Such a method has to deal with great degrees of variability, specially for the case of inter-subject registration; but even for the intra-subject case the degree of variability of images will be large since the structures we bear in mind are articulated. Rigid registration methods are clearly inappropriate for this problem, and well-known elastic methods do not usually incorporate the restriction of maintaining long skeletal structures straight. A new method is therefore needed to deal with such a situation; we call this new method "articulated registration". The inner bone skeleton is modeled with a wire model, where wires are drawn by connecting landmarks located in the main joints of the skeletal structure to be registered (long bones). The main feature of our registration method is that within the bone axis (specifically, where the wires are) an exact registration is guaranteed, while for the remaining image points an elastic registration is carried out based on a distance transform (with respect to the model wires); this causes the registration on long bones to be affine to all practical purposes, while the registration of soft tissue -- far from the bones -- is elastic. As a proof-of-concept of this method we describe the registration of hands on radiographs.

  1. Registration of acute stroke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wildenschild, Cathrine; Mehnert, Frank; Thomsen, Reimar Wernich

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The validity of the registration of patients in stroke-specific registries has seldom been investigated, nor compared with administrative hospital discharge registries. The objective of this study was to examine the validity of the registration of patients in a stroke-specific registry...... (The Danish Stroke Registry [DSR]) and a hospital discharge registry (The Danish National Patient Registry [DNRP]). METHODS: Assuming that all patients with stroke were registered in either the DSR, DNRP or both, we first identified a sample of 75 patients registered with stroke in 2009; 25 patients...... in the DSR, 25 patients in the DNRP, and 25 patients registered in both data sources. Using the medical record as a gold standard, we then estimated the sensitivity and positive predictive value of a stroke diagnosis in the DSR and the DNRP. Secondly, we reviewed 160 medical records for all potential stroke...

  2. The effect of leaf biopesticide Mirabilis jalapa and fungi Metarhizium anisopliae to immune response and mortality of Spodoptera exigua instar IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suryani, A. Irma; Anggraeni, Tjandra

    2014-03-01

    Spodoptera exigua is one of insect causing damage in agriculture sector. This insect can be controlled by a natural biopesticide by combining two agents of biological control, biopesticides Mirabilis jalapa and entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, considered to be virulent toward a wide range of insects. The objective of research was to determine the effect of biopesticides M. jalapa and fungi M. anisopliae against immune system and mortality of S. exigua. This research used a complete randomized block design with five concentrations Mirabilis jalapa and optimum dose of M. anisopliae. A high dose of M. jalapa (0.8% w/v) is the most effective one to decrease total haemocytes especially granulocyt and plasmatocyt (cellular immune) and decrease the concentration of lectin (humoral immune) from S. exigua (p < 0.05). The combination of M. jalapa (0, 8% w/v) and lethal dose of M. anisopliae 2.59 × 107 spore/ml were significant to increase mortality of S. exigua within 48 hours (p < 0.05).

  3. Impact of pesticides on plant growth promotion of Vigna radiata and non-target microbes: comparison between chemical- and bio-pesticides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Sukriti; Gupta, Rashi; Sharma, Shilpi

    2014-08-01

    To compare the target and non-target effects of two chemical-pesticides (chlorpyrifos and endosulfan) with that of a bio-pesticide (azadirachtin), Vigna radiata (mung bean) was grown in a randomized pot experiment with recommended and higher application rates of pesticides. Colony counts enumerating specific microbial populations, viz. fungi, Pseudomonas, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, and phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms, were performed. In addition, several plant growth parameters such as root and shoot lengths were also monitored. It was observed that the pesticides exerted a suppressive effect on different microbial communities under study in the initial 30 days period. The bacterial and fungal populations in chlorpyrifos treated plants increased thereafter. Endosulfan resulted in enhancement of fungi and nitrogen-fixing bacteria, although phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms were suppressed at higher application rates. Azadirachtin, which is gaining popularity owing to its biological origin, did not result in enhancement of any microbial populations; on the other hand, it had a deleterious effect on phosphate-solubilizing bacteria. This study is the first to evaluate the non-target effects of pesticides with a comparison between chemical- and bio-pesticides, and also stresses the importance of critical investigation of bio-pesticides before their wide spread application in agriculture.

  4. 76 FR 20451 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Renewal Without Change of the Registration of Money...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... engaging in money laundering. The collection of information is mandatory. Current Actions: The current Form... Registration of Money Services Business, FinCEN Form 107 AGENCY: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (``FinCEN... revised form, Registration ] of Money Services Business, FinCEN Form 107. The form will be used...

  5. 77 FR 65166 - Information Collection; Request for Comment; Visitor Permit and Visitor Registration Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... Visitor Registration Card AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice; request for comment. SUMMARY: In... information collection, 0596-0019 (Visitor Permit and Visitor Registration Card). DATES: Comments must be... should be addressed to Wilderness Program Manager; USDA Forest Service, Wilderness and Wild and...

  6. 78 FR 71630 - New Information Collection Request; General Meeting Registration and Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... registration form, general pre-meeting form, and general evaluation form will be used to gather information to... SECURITY National Protection and Programs Directorate New Information Collection Request; General Meeting Registration and Evaluation AGENCY: National Protection and Programs Directorate, DHS. ACTION: 60-Day...

  7. 76 FR 51031 - Registration; Cancellation Order for Rodenticide Products That Have Expired

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    ... AGENCY Registration; Cancellation Order for Rodenticide Products That Have Expired AGENCY: Environmental... attempted to describe all the specific entities that may be affected by this action. If you have any... cancellation proceedings against similar rodenticide registrations that have not expired. See...

  8. Densovirus is a mutualistic symbiont of a global crop pest (Helicoverpa armigera and protects against a baculovirus and Bt biopesticide.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengjun Xu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Mutualistic associations between symbiotic bacteria and their hosts are common within insect systems. However, viruses are often considered as pathogens even though some have been reported to be beneficial to their hosts. Herein, we report a novel densovirus, Helicoverpa armigera densovirus-1 (HaDNV-1 that appears to be beneficial to its host. HaDNV-1 was found to be widespread in wild populations of H. armigera adults (>67% prevalence between 2008 and 2012. In wild larval populations, there was a clear negative interaction between HaDNV-1 and H. armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (HaNPV, a baculovirus that is widely used as a biopesticide. Laboratory bioassays revealed that larvae hosting HaDNV-1 had significantly enhanced resistance to HaNPV (and lower viral loads, and that resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt toxin was also higher at low doses. Laboratory assays indicated that the virus was mainly distributed in the fat body, and could be both horizontally- and vertically-transmitted, though the former occurred only at large challenge doses. Densovirus-positive individuals developed more quickly and had higher fecundity than uninfected insects. We found no evidence for a negative effect of HaDNV-1 infection on H. armigera fitness-related traits, strongly suggesting a mutualistic interaction between the cotton bollworm and its densovirus.

  9. Production of the biopesticide azadirachtin by hairy root cultivation of Azadirachta indica in liquid-phase bioreactors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Smita; Srivastava, Ashok K

    2013-11-01

    Batch cultivation of Azadirachta indica hairy roots was carried out in different liquid-phase bioreactor configurations (stirred-tank, bubble column, bubble column with polypropylene basket, and polyurethane foam disc as root supports) to investigate possible scale-up of the A. indica hairy root culture for in vitro production of the biopesticide azadirachtin. The hairy roots failed to grow in the conventional bioreactor designs (stirred tank and bubble column). However, modified bubble column reactor (with polyurethane foam as root support) configuration facilitated high-density culture of A. indica hairy roots with a biomass production of 9.2 g l(-1)dry weight and azadirachtin yield of 3.2 mg g(-1) leading to a volumetric productivity of azadirachtin as 1.14 mg l(-1) day(-1). The antifeedant activity in the hairy roots was also evaluated by no choice feeding tests with known concentrations of the hairy root powder and its solvent extract separately on the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria. The hairy root powder and its solvent extract demonstrated a high level of antifeedant activity (with an antifeedant index of 97 % at a concentration of 2 % w/v and 83 % at a concentration of 0.05 % (w/v), respectively, in ethanol).

  10. Effects of the biopesticide Zequanox® on reproduction and early development of the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Diane L.; Luoma, James A.

    2017-01-01

    The biopesticide, Zequanox®, is registered for dreissenid mussel control in open water systems in the United States. Previous toxicity trials with nontarget organisms, including several young-of-the-year fish species and invertebrates, demonstrated selectivity of Zequanox for dreissenid mussels, but data are lacking on the treatment-related effects on reproduction and early life stage development of fish. The present study evaluated the effects of Zequanox on spawning and early life stages of the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, after exposure to the maximum approved concentration [100 mg active ingredient (AI)/L] and exposure duration (8h) for open water application. The results showed no significant treatment-related effect of Zequanox on survival, condition, or cumulative egg production (21 d) in adult fathead minnow. Eggs (≤24 h old) exposed to Zequanox developed to the eyed-stage at a similar rate to that of untreated eggs. Additionally, Zequanox did not have a significant effect on survival and growth (90 d) of newly hatched larvae (≤24-h old). Zequanox may be an option for control of dreissenid mussels in localized open water habitats where concerns exist regarding reproduction and recruitment of cyprinids and related species.

  11. Registration Summer Camp 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Reminder: registration for the CERN Staff Association Summer Camp is now open for children from 4 to 6 years old.   More information on the website: http://nurseryschool.web.cern.ch/. The summer camp is open to all children. The proposed cost is 480.-CHF/week, lunch included. The camp will be open weeks 27, 28, 29 and 30, from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. For further questions, you are welcome to contact us by email at Summer.Camp@cern.ch. CERN Staff Association

  12. 78 FR 20619 - Customer Account Registration and Maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-05

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Customer Account Registration and Maintenance ACTION: Proposed... Maintenance'' in the subject line of the message. Mail: Susan K. Fawcett, Records Officer, Office of the Chief... Customer Profile Account Request and 12 minutes 5,000 1,000 Maintenance. Correspondence and...

  13. 77 FR 34055 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Certificate of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    .... Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security, and sent via electronic mail to oira... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Certificate of Registration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day...

  14. 78 FR 63379 - Registration of Mortgage Loan Originators; Effective Date

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... 12 CFR Part 610 RIN 3052-AC78 Registration of Mortgage Loan Originators; Effective Date AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration. ACTION: Notice of effective date. SUMMARY: The Farm Credit Administration (FCA... interim rule, and we now adopt it as final. In accordance with the law, the effective date of the rule...

  15. 78 FR 71708 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Unified Carrier Registration Plan Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Sunshine Act Meeting; Unified Carrier Registration Plan Board of Directors AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice...

  16. 78 FR 77773 - Sunshine Act Meetings; Unified Carrier Registration Plan Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Sunshine Act Meetings; Unified Carrier Registration Plan Board of Directors AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice...

  17. 77 FR 31618 - Medicaid Program; Announcement of Requirements and Registration for CMS Provider Screening...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Medicaid Program; Announcement of Requirements and Registration for CMS Provider Screening Innovator Challenge AGENCY: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services...

  18. 16 CFR 1130.8 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... registration. (a) Link to registration page. The manufacturer's Web site, or other Web site established for the... web page that goes directly to “Product Registration.” (b) Purpose statement. The registration page... registration page. The Web site registration page shall request only the consumer's name, address,...

  19. Leaf Extracts of Lobelia nicotianaefolia as a Potential Biopesticide Against Defoliator Pests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Deepa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The environmental concern and global demand for organically produced products provide an impetus to search for new, effective, safe and economical pesticidal formulations. Plants provide enormous scope for development into pesticides. Though more than 2000 plants are known to possess insecticidal properties, neem is the only established botanical pesticide. Hence in this study, we tested the insecticidal activities of the organic solvent extracts from the leaves of L. nicotianaefolia against the larval and egg stages of a serious defoliator pest, Hyblaea puera as the test insect. The organic solvent extracts of the leaf of L. nicotianaefolia were evaluated for their contact and feeding toxicity. The larvicidal action by contact toxicity on 3rd instar larvae of H. puera showed 100% mortality at 25% concentration. The ovicidal activity varied among the different extracts. All the treatments did not show any activity and were on par with control except ethyl acetate and water extracts and exhibited highest egg hatch inhibition (80% and (64% respectively at highest concentration (2%. The LC50 value for ethyl acetate extract and water extract was 0.55 and 1.014 respectively was not significant (P>0.05 for ovicidal action. The feeding toxicity tests performed on 4th instar larvae of H. puera showed that among all the extracts of L. nicotianaefolia, methanol extract showed highly significant insecticidal activity with mortality of 92%, followed by ethyl alcohol extract (90% and water extract (86%. The study reveals that L. nicotianafolia has immense potential to be explored as botanical pesticide.

  20. Pro Forma Registration of Companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2010-01-01

    The article analyses the view taken by Community law on companies' pro forma registration in another EU or EEA country. Community law recognises pro forma registration under company law, i.e. a brass plate is sufficient, whereas it does not recognise pro forma registration under tax law, i.......e. a brass plate is not sufficient. The article provides reasons for the differential treatment of the two contexts and clarifies the difference on the basis of the Hubbard criterion, in which it was ruled that the effectiveness of Community law cannot vary according to the various branches of national law....

  1. Drug Establishments Current Registration Site

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Drug Establishments Current Registration Site (DECRS) is a database of current information submitted by drug firms to register establishments (facilities) which...

  2. Computer Registration Becoming Mandatory

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Following the decision by the CERN Management Board (see Weekly Bulletin 38/2003), registration of all computers connected to CERN's network will be enforced and only registered computers will be allowed network access. The implementation has started with the IT buildings, continues with building 40 and the Prevessin site (as of Tuesday 4th November 2003), and will cover the whole of CERN before the end of this year. We therefore recommend strongly that you register all your computers in CERN's network database (Ethernet and wire-less cards) as soon as possible without waiting for the access restriction to take force. This will allow you accessing the network without interruption and help IT service providers to contact you in case of problems (security problems, viruses, etc.) • Users WITH a CERN computing account register at: http://cern.ch/register/ (CERN Intranet page) • Visitors WITHOUT a CERN computing account (e.g. short term visitors) register at: http://cern.ch/registerVisitorComp...

  3. Computer Registration Becoming Mandatory

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Following the decision by the CERN Management Board (see Weekly Bulletin 38/2003), registration of all computers connected to CERN's network will be enforced and only registered computers will be allowed network access. The implementation has started with the IT buildings, continues with building 40 and the Prevessin site (as of Tuesday 4th November 2003), and will cover the whole of CERN before the end of this year. We therefore recommend strongly that you register all your computers in CERN's network database including all network access cards (Ethernet AND wireless) as soon as possible without waiting for the access restriction to take force. This will allow you accessing the network without interruption and help IT service providers to contact you in case of problems (e.g. security problems, viruses, etc.) Users WITH a CERN computing account register at: http://cern.ch/register/ (CERN Intranet page) Visitors WITHOUT a CERN computing account (e.g. short term visitors) register at: http://cern.ch/regis...

  4. Synergistic interaction between Beauveria bassiana- and Bacillus thuringiensis tenebrionis-based biopesticides applied against field populations of Colorado potato beetle larvae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wraight, S P; Ramos, M E

    2005-11-01

    Commercial biopesticides based on the fungal pathogen Beauveria bassiana strain GHA and the bacterial pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis tenebrionis were applied alone and in combination (tank mixed) against larval populations of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, in small plots of potatoes over three field seasons. Interactions between the two products were evaluated in terms of pest-control efficacy. B. bassiana (formulated as Mycotrol) was applied at low and medium label rates of 1.25 and 2.5 x 10(13) conidia/ha, and B. thuringienis (formulated as Novodor) was applied at low and high label rates of 40.3 and 120.8 x 10(6) Leptinotarsa units/ha. Two weekly applications of the bacterial pesticide alone provided 50-85% control of beetle larvae within 14 days after the initial application, while applications of the mycopesticide alone produced no greater than 25% control. Maximum control, in nearly all tests, was produced by the combination of the two products. The combined treatments produced a statistically significant 6-35% greater reduction in larval populations than would have been predicted had the two biopesticides acted independently. This low-level synergistic interaction was observed during all field seasons and resulted from combinations at all rates, including, in one of two tests, the low rates of each product. These results indicate that B. thuringiensis and B. bassiana have strong potential for integrated biologically based management of Colorado potato beetle.

  5. 75 FR 41968 - Re-Registration and Renewal of Aircraft Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ... operators and aviation financing and leasing companies, expressed concern over the re- registration and... that the registration fee for cars is reduced as the car ages. Another requested the registration...

  6. Efficient Hyperelastic Regularization for Registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darkner, Sune; Hansen, Michael S; Larsen, Rasmus;

    2011-01-01

    For most image registration problems a smooth one-to-one mapping is desirable, a diffeomorphism. This can be obtained using priors such as volume preservation, certain kinds of elasticity or both. The key principle is to regularize the strain of the deformation which can be done through penalizat......For most image registration problems a smooth one-to-one mapping is desirable, a diffeomorphism. This can be obtained using priors such as volume preservation, certain kinds of elasticity or both. The key principle is to regularize the strain of the deformation which can be done through...... penalization of the eigen values of the stress tensor. We present a computational framework for regularization of image registration for isotropic hyper elasticity. We formulate an efficient and parallel scheme for computing the principal stain based for a given parameterization by decomposing the left Cauchy...... elastic priors such at the Saint Vernant Kirchoff model, the Ogden material model or Riemanian elasticity. We exemplify the approach through synthetic registration and special tests as well as registration of different modalities; 2D cardiac MRI and 3D surfaces of the human ear. The artificial examples...

  7. Language proficiency and nursing registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Amanda

    2016-02-01

    This discussion paper focuses on English proficiency standards for nursing registration in Australia, how Australia has dealt with the issue of language proficiency, and the factors which have led to the establishment of the current language standards. Also, this paper will provide a comparison of the two language tests that are currently accepted in Australia (OET and IELTS), including the appropriateness of these tests and the minimum standards used. The paper will also examine the use of educational background as an indicator of language proficiency. Finally, communication-based complaints in the post-registration environment will be explored, and some discussion will be provided about why pre-registration measures might have failed to prevent such problematic situations from occurring.

  8. Efficient Hyperelastic Regularization for Registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darkner, Sune; Hansen, Michael Sass; Larsen, Rasmus;

    2011-01-01

    For most image registration problems a smooth one-to-one mapping is desirable, a diffeomorphism. This can be obtained using priors such as volume preservation, certain kinds of elasticity or both. The key principle is to regularize the strain of the deformation which can be done through penalizat......For most image registration problems a smooth one-to-one mapping is desirable, a diffeomorphism. This can be obtained using priors such as volume preservation, certain kinds of elasticity or both. The key principle is to regularize the strain of the deformation which can be done through...... penalization of the eigen values of the stress tensor. We present a computational framework for regularization of image registration for isotropic hyper elasticity. We formulate an efficient and parallel scheme for computing the principal stain based for a given parameterization by decomposing the left Cauchy...

  9. Radar image registration and rectification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naraghi, M.; Stromberg, W. D.

    1983-01-01

    Two techniques for radar image registration and rectification are presented. In the registration method, a general 2-D polynomial transform is defined to accomplish the geometric mapping from one image into the other. The degree and coefficients of the polynomial are obtained using an a priori found tiepoint data set. In the second part of the paper, a rectification procedure is developed that models the distortion present in the radar image in terms of the radar sensor's platform parameters and the topographic variations of the imaged scene. This model, the ephemeris data and the digital topographic data are then used in rectifying the radar image. The two techniques are then used in registering and rectifying two examples of radar imagery. Each method is discussed as to its benefits, shortcomings and registration accuracy.

  10. Numerical methods for image registration

    CERN Document Server

    Modersitzki, Jan

    2003-01-01

    Based on the author's lecture notes and research, this well-illustrated and comprehensive text is one of the first to provide an introduction to image registration with particular emphasis on numerical methods in medical imaging. Ideal for researchers in industry and academia, it is also a suitable study guide for graduate mathematicians, computer scientists, engineers, medical physicists, and radiologists.Image registration is utilised whenever information obtained from different viewpoints needs to be combined or compared and unwanted distortion needs to be eliminated. For example, CCTV imag

  11. Development of high quality carrier materials for field delivery of key microorganisms used as bio-fertilisers and bio-pesticides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yardin, M. Roseline E-mail: m.yardin@uws.edu.au; Kennedy, Ivan R.; Thies, Janice E

    2000-03-01

    High quality inoculants used as bio-fertilisers and bio-pesticides depend on having high concentrations of the microorganism(s), long shelf-life and a formulation appropriate for field delivery. To maintain the microorganisms in a viable state, commercially available carrier materials are typically based on milled peat, clays, rice, bran, seeds, or other complex organic matrices. To manufacture a high quality microbial product, it is essential that the carrier material is pre-packaged and pre-sterilised. This allows for non-competitive multiplication and maintenance of the microorganisms in a nutrient rich environment. This paper reports on the efficacy and problems inherent in the sterilisation of complex carbon-based carrier materials such as peat. Resident microbial survivors of gamma irradiation doses in excess of 50 kGy, commonly Gram positive spore-formers such as Bacillus or actinomycetes were consistently observed. (author)

  12. Efficient nonrigid registration using ranked order statistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tennakoon, Ruwan B.; Bab-Hadiashar, Alireza; de Bruijne, Marleen

    2013-01-01

    Non-rigid image registration techniques are widely used in medical imaging applications. Due to high computational complexities of these techniques, finding appropriate registration method to both reduce the computation burden and increase the registration accuracy has become an intense area...... of research. In this paper we propose a fast and accurate non-rigid registration method for intra-modality volumetric images. Our approach exploits the information provided by an order statistics based segmentation method, to find the important regions for registration and use an appropriate sampling scheme...... to target those areas and reduce the registration computation time. A unique advantage of the proposed method is its ability to identify the point of diminishing returns and stop the registration process. Our experiments on registration of real lung CT images, with expert annotated landmarks, show...

  13. Solid Mesh Registration for Radiotherapy Treatment Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noe, Karsten Østergaard; Sørensen, Thomas Sangild

    2010-01-01

    We present an algorithm for solid organ registration of pre-segmented data represented as tetrahedral meshes. Registration of the organ surface is driven by force terms based on a distance field representation of the source and reference shapes. Registration of internal morphology is achieved usi...... to complete. The proposed method has many potential uses in image guided radiotherapy (IGRT) which relies on registration to account for organ deformation between treatment sessions....

  14. Registration of randomized clinical trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østervig, R M; Sonne, A; Rasmussen, L S

    2015-01-01

    starting enrolment before 2010 to 63.2% after 2010 (24/38, P clinical trials were registered at clinicaltrials.gov. CONCLUSION: Many published randomized controlled trials from Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica were not adequately registered but the requirement of trial registration has...

  15. What drives Users' Website Registration?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Li (Ting); P.A. Pavlou (Paul)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractUser registration is an important prerequisite for the success of many websites by enabling users to gain access to domain information and personalized content. It is not always desirable for users, however, because they need to disclose personal information. This paper examines what dri

  16. Multiple Kernel Point Set Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thanh Minh; Wu, Q M Jonathan

    2016-06-01

    The finite Gaussian mixture model with kernel correlation is a flexible tool that has recently received attention for point set registration. While there are many algorithms for point set registration presented in the literature, an important issue arising from these studies concerns the mapping of data with nonlinear relationships and the ability to select a suitable kernel. Kernel selection is crucial for effective point set registration. We focus here on multiple kernel point set registration. We make several contributions in this paper. First, each observation is modeled using the Student's t-distribution, which is heavily tailed and more robust than the Gaussian distribution. Second, by automatically adjusting the kernel weights, the proposed method allows us to prune the ineffective kernels. This makes the choice of kernels less crucial. After parameter learning, the kernel saliencies of the irrelevant kernels go to zero. Thus, the choice of kernels is less crucial and it is easy to include other kinds of kernels. Finally, we show empirically that our model outperforms state-of-the-art methods recently proposed in the literature.

  17. USDA registration and rectification requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, R.

    1982-01-01

    Some of the requirements of the United States Department of Agriculture for accuracy of aerospace acquired data, and specifically, requirements for registration and rectification of remotely sensed data are discussed. Particular attention is given to foreign and domestic crop estimation and forecasting, forestry information applications, and rangeland condition evaluations.

  18. 21 CFR 710.6 - Notification of registrant; cosmetic product establishment registration number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notification of registrant; cosmetic product... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY REGISTRATION OF COSMETIC PRODUCT ESTABLISHMENTS § 710.6 Notification of registrant; cosmetic product establishment registration number....

  19. 9 CFR 2.30 - Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... sign the registration form. (2) In any situation in which a school or department of a university or... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Registration. 2.30 Section 2.30... WELFARE REGULATIONS Research Facilities § 2.30 Registration. (a) Requirements and procedures. (1)...

  20. Evaluation of Registration Methods on Thoracic CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Murphy, K.; van Ginneken, B.; Reinhardt, J.;

    2011-01-01

    EMPIRE10 (Evaluation of Methods for Pulmonary Image REgistration 2010) is a public platform for fair and meaningful comparison of registration algorithms which are applied to a database of intra-patient thoracic CT image pairs. Evaluation of non-rigid registration techniques is a non trivial task...

  1. Clinical trial registration in oral health journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smaïl-Faugeron, V; Fron-Chabouis, H; Durieux, P

    2015-03-01

    Prospective registration of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) represents the best solution to reporting bias. The extent to which oral health journals have endorsed and complied with RCT registration is unknown. We identified journals publishing RCTs in dentistry, oral surgery, and medicine in the Journal Citation Reports. We classified journals into 3 groups: journals requiring or recommending trial registration, journals referring indirectly to registration, and journals providing no reference to registration. For the 5 journals with the highest 2012 impact factors in each group, we assessed whether RCTs with results published in 2013 had been registered. Of 78 journals examined, 32 (41%) required or recommended trial registration, 19 (24%) referred indirectly to registration, and 27 (35%) provided no reference to registration. We identified 317 RCTs with results published in the 15 selected journals in 2013. Overall, 73 (23%) were registered in a trial registry. Among those, 91% were registered retrospectively and 32% did not report trial registration in the published article. The proportion of trials registered was not significantly associated with editorial policies: 29% with results in journals that required or recommended registration, 15% in those that referred indirectly to registration, and 21% in those providing no reference to registration (P = 0.05). Less than one-quarter of RCTs with results published in a sample of oral health journals were registered with a public registry. Improvements are needed with respect to how journals inform and require their authors to register their trials.

  2. Reconsideration of the Administrative Registration%行政登记的再思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武岳

    2012-01-01

    行政登记是行政机关经相对人中请或按照授予的职权。依法对需要登记的事项进行审查和判断,并将这些事实和情况记载在登记簿上的行为。根据行政法律行为理论,行政登记是行政法律行为和行政事实行为的结合。它分为产生审批赋权效果的许可性登记、产生私域认可效果的确认性登记和产生信息保存效果的事实性登记三种。%Relating to personal application or authorized terms, the administrative registration is an action to assess and judge the needed items by law and record down all the facts and events in register book. According to the theory of administrative action, administrative registration is the combination of administrative legal action and factual action. It can be divided into three kinds: the license registration with examination and approval of empowering effect; the confirmation registration with private approval effect; and the factual registration with information preservation effect.

  3. Summer Camp July 2017 - Registration

    CERN Multimedia

    EVE et École

    2017-01-01

    The CERN Staff Association’s Summer Camp will be open for children from 4 to 6 years old during four weeks, from 3 to 28 July. Registration is offered on a weekly basis for 450 CHF, lunch included. This year, the various activities will revolve around the theme of the Four Elements. Registration opened on 20 March 2017 for children currently attending the EVE and School of the Association. It will be open from 3 April for children of CERN Members of Personnel, and starting from 24 April for all other children. The general conditions are available on the website of the EVE and School of CERN Staff Association: http://nurseryschool.web.cern.ch. For further questions, please contact us by email at Summer.Camp@cern.ch.

  4. Groupwise registration of aerial images

    OpenAIRE

    Arandjelovic, Ognjen; Pham, Duc-Son; Venkatesh, Svetha

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the task of time separated aerial image registration. The ability to solve this problem accurately and reliably is important for a variety of subsequent image understanding applications. The principal challenge lies in the extent and nature of transient appearance variation that a land area can undergo, such as that caused by the change in illumination conditions, seasonal variations, or the occlusion by non-persistent objects (people, cars). Our work introduces several n...

  5. Optimising expression of the recombinant fusion protein biopesticide ω-hexatoxin-Hv1a /GNA in Pichia pastoris : sequence modifications and a simple method for the generation of multi-copy strains.

    OpenAIRE

    Pyati, P.; Fitches, E.; Gatehouse, J A

    2014-01-01

    Production of recombinant protein bio-insecticides on a commercial scale can only be cost effective if host strains with very high expression levels are available. A recombinant fusion protein containing an arthropod toxin, ω-hexatoxin-Hv1a, (from funnel web spider Hadronyche versuta) linked to snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin; GNA) is an effective oral insecticide and candidate biopesticide. However, the fusion protein was vulnerable to proteolysis during production in the yeast...

  6. [Progress of research in retinal image registration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Lun; Wei, Lifang; Pan, Lin

    2011-10-01

    The retinal image registration has important applications in the processes of auxiliary diagnosis and treatment for a variety of diseases. The retinal image registration can be used to measure the disease process and the therapeutic effect. A variety of retinal image registration techniques have been studied extensively in recent years. However, there are still many problems existing and there are numerous research possibilities. Based on extensive investigation of existing literatures, the present paper analyzes the feature of retinal image and current challenges of retinal image registration, and reviews the transformation models of the retinal image registration technology and the main research algorithms in current retinal image registration, and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of various types of algorithms. Some research challenges and future developing trends are also discussed.

  7. Mass preserving image registration for lung CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorbunova, Vladlena; Sporring, Jon; Lo, Pechin Chien Pau

    2012-01-01

    inhale phases of 4D-CT images. Registration errors, measured as the average distance between vessel tree centerlines in the matched images, are significantly lower for the proposed mass preserving image registration method in the second, third and fourth group, while there is no statistically significant......This paper presents a mass preserving image registration algorithm for lung CT images. To account for the local change in lung tissue intensity during the breathing cycle, a tissue appearance model based on the principle of preservation of total lung mass is proposed. This model is incorporated...... into a standard image registration framework with a composition of a global affine and several free-form B-Spline transformations with increasing grid resolution. The proposed mass preserving registration method is compared to registration using the sum of squared intensity differences as a similarity function...

  8. Registration Day-Camp 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    Nursery School

    2016-01-01

    Reminder Registration for the CERN Staff Association Day-camp are open for children from 4 to 6 years old More information on the website: http://nurseryschool.web.cern.ch/. The day-camp is open to all children. An inscription per week is proposed, cost 480.-CHF/week, lunch included The camp will be open weeks 27, 28, 29 and 30, from 8:30 am to 5:30 pm. For further questions, thanks you for contacting us by email at Summer.Camp@cern.ch.

  9. 14 CFR 47.16 - Temporary registration numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary registration numbers. 47.16... AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION General § 47.16 Temporary registration numbers. (a) Temporary registration numbers... for as many temporary registration numbers as are necessary for his business. The application must...

  10. 75 FR 37790 - Lauryl Sulfate Salts; Antimicrobial Registration Review Final Work Plan and Proposed Registration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-30

    ... AGENCY Lauryl Sulfate Salts; Antimicrobial Registration Review Final Work Plan and Proposed Registration.... SUMMARY: This notice announces the availability of EPA's final work plan and proposed registration review... with the posting of a summary document, containing a preliminary work plan, for public comment....

  11. How to Start with a Clean Crop: Biopesticide Dips Reduce Populations of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) on Greenhouse Poinsettia Propagative Cuttings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buitenhuis, Rosemarije; Brownbridge, Michael; Brommit, Angela; Saito, Taro; Murphy, Graeme

    2016-09-26

    (1) Global movement of propagative plant material is a major pathway for introduction of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) into poinsettia greenhouses. Starting a poinsettia crop with high pest numbers disrupts otherwise successful biological control programs and widespread resistance of B. tabaci against pesticides is limiting growers' options to control this pest; (2) This study investigated the use of several biopesticides (mineral oil, insecticidal soap, Beauveria bassiana, Isaria fumosorosea, Steinernema feltiae) and combinations of these products as immersion treatments (cutting dips) to control B. tabaci on poinsettia cuttings. In addition, phytotoxicity risks of these treatments on poinsettia cuttings, and effects of treatment residues on mortality of commercial whitefly parasitoids (Eretmocerus eremicus and Encarsia formosa) were determined; (3) Mineral oil (0.1% v/v) and insecticidal soap (0.5%) + B. bassiana (1.25 g/L) were the most effective treatments; only 31% and 29%, respectively, of the treated B. tabaci survived on infested poinsettia cuttings and B. tabaci populations were lowest in these treatments after eight weeks. Phytotoxicity risks of these treatments were acceptable, and dip residues had little effect on survival of either parasitoid, and are considered highly compatible; (4) Use of poinsettia cutting dips will allow growers to knock-down B. tabaci populations to a point where they can be managed successfully thereafter with existing biocontrol strategies.

  12. How to Start with a Clean Crop: Biopesticide Dips Reduce Populations of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) on Greenhouse Poinsettia Propagative Cuttings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buitenhuis, Rosemarije; Brownbridge, Michael; Brommit, Angela; Saito, Taro; Murphy, Graeme

    2016-01-01

    (1) Global movement of propagative plant material is a major pathway for introduction of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) into poinsettia greenhouses. Starting a poinsettia crop with high pest numbers disrupts otherwise successful biological control programs and widespread resistance of B. tabaci against pesticides is limiting growers’ options to control this pest; (2) This study investigated the use of several biopesticides (mineral oil, insecticidal soap, Beauveria bassiana, Isaria fumosorosea, Steinernema feltiae) and combinations of these products as immersion treatments (cutting dips) to control B. tabaci on poinsettia cuttings. In addition, phytotoxicity risks of these treatments on poinsettia cuttings, and effects of treatment residues on mortality of commercial whitefly parasitoids (Eretmocerus eremicus and Encarsia formosa) were determined; (3) Mineral oil (0.1% v/v) and insecticidal soap (0.5%) + B. bassiana (1.25 g/L) were the most effective treatments; only 31% and 29%, respectively, of the treated B. tabaci survived on infested poinsettia cuttings and B. tabaci populations were lowest in these treatments after eight weeks. Phytotoxicity risks of these treatments were acceptable, and dip residues had little effect on survival of either parasitoid, and are considered highly compatible; (4) Use of poinsettia cutting dips will allow growers to knock-down B. tabaci populations to a point where they can be managed successfully thereafter with existing biocontrol strategies. PMID:27681741

  13. 76 FR 17625 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Emergency Beacon Registrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... Beacon Registrations AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION... ships, aircraft, or individuals in distress if they are equipped with an emergency radio beacon. Persons purchasing a digital distress beacon, operating in the frequency range of 406.000 to 406.100 MHz,...

  14. 76 FR 552 - Pesticides; Availability of Pesticide Registration Notice Regarding the Residential Exposure...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... of the Residential Exposure Joint Venture, L.L.C. This PR Notice (PR Notice 2011-1) issued by the... AGENCY Pesticides; Availability of Pesticide Registration Notice Regarding the Residential Exposure Joint Venture AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Agency is...

  15. 78 FR 33447 - Draft Applications for Sealed Source and Device Evaluation and Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Draft NUREG; request for comments. SUMMARY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory... and registration. The NRC is requesting public comment on draft NUREG-1556, Volume 3, Revision 2...@nrc.gov . The draft NUREG-1556, Volume 3, Revision 2, is available under ADAMS Accession...

  16. 76 FR 23830 - Removing Designated Countries From the National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NSEERS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... Registration System (NSEERS) AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of... and biometrically compare travel documents issued to non-U.S. citizens by DHS and the Department of... the United States by air or sea. Commercial air carriers departing foreign destinations for the...

  17. Deformable Registration of Digital Images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管伟光; 解林; 等

    1998-01-01

    is paper proposes a novel elastic model and presents a deformable registration method based on the model.The method registers images without the need to extract reatures from the images,and therefore works directly on grey-level images.A new similarity metric is given on which the formation of external forces is based.The registration method,taking the coarse-to-fine strategy,constructs external forces in larger scales for the first few iterations to rely more on global evidence,and ther in smaller scales for later iterations to allow local refinements.The stiffness of the elastic body decreases as the process proceeds.To make it widely applicable,the method is not restricted to any type of transformation.The variations between images are thought as general free-form deformations.Because the elastic model designed is linearized,it can be solved very efficiently with high accuracy.The method has been successfully tested on MRI images.It will certainly find other uses such as matching time-varying sequences of pictures for motion analysis,fitting templates into images for non-rigid object recognition,matching stereo images for shape recovery,etc.

  18. 17 CFR 3.4 - Registration in one capacity not included in registration in any other capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Registration in one capacity not included in registration in any other capacity. 3.4 Section 3.4 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION REGISTRATION Registration § 3.4 Registration in one capacity...

  19. Registrering af praehabilitering inden planlagt operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Hanne; Duus, Benn Rønnow

    2008-01-01

    for registration of prehabilitation prior to surgery. Using one specific code for prehabilitation at the surgical department and another for prehabilitation at other departments will enable correct registration. Thereby, it is possible to differentiate between ordinary waiting time before surgery and time...

  20. Fast fluid registration of medical images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bro-Nielsen, Morten; Gramkow, Claus

    1996-01-01

    of the velocity field of the fluid. Using the linearity of this deformation we derive a convolution filter which we use in a scale-space framework. We also demonstrate that the `demon'-based registration method of (Thirion, 1996) can be seen as an approximation to the fluid registration method and point...

  1. Nonrigid registration of myocardial perfusion MRI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ólafsdóttir, Hildur

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes a fully automatic registration of 10 multi-slice myocardial perfusion magnetic resonance image sequences. The registration of these sequences is crucial for the clinical interpretation, which currently is subjected to manual labour. The approach used in this study is a nonrig...

  2. 77 FR 73558 - Sex Offender Registration Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... COLUMBIA 28 CFR Part 811 RIN 3225-AA10 Sex Offender Registration Amendments AGENCY: Court Services and... verification of registration information for sex offenders. The proposed rule, if finalized, would permit CSOSA to verify addresses of sex offenders by conducting home visits on its own accord and with its...

  3. 78 FR 23835 - Sex Offender Registration Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 28 CFR Part 811 RIN 3225-AA10 Sex Offender Registration... verification of registration information for sex offenders. Furthermore, the rule permits CSOSA to verify addresses of sex offenders by conducting home visits on its own accord and with its law enforcement...

  4. Image Registration for Stability Testing of MEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memarsadeghi, Nargess; LeMoigne, Jacqueline; Blake, Peter N.; Morey, Peter A.; Landsman, Wayne B.; Chambers, Victor J.; Moseley, Samuel H.

    2011-01-01

    Image registration, or alignment of two or more images covering the same scenes or objects, is of great interest in many disciplines such as remote sensing, medical imaging. astronomy, and computer vision. In this paper, we introduce a new application of image registration algorithms. We demonstrate how through a wavelet based image registration algorithm, engineers can evaluate stability of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS). In particular, we applied image registration algorithms to assess alignment stability of the MicroShutters Subsystem (MSS) of the Near Infrared Spectrograph (NIRSpec) instrument of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). This work introduces a new methodology for evaluating stability of MEMS devices to engineers as well as a new application of image registration algorithms to computer scientists.

  5. Medical Image Registration and Surgery Simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bro-Nielsen, Morten

    1996-01-01

    This thesis explores the application of physical models in medical image registration and surgery simulation. The continuum models of elasticity and viscous fluids are described in detail, and this knowledge is used as a basis for most of the methods described here. Real-time deformable models...... growth is also presented. Using medical knowledge about the growth processes of the mandibular bone, a registration algorithm for time sequence images of the mandible is developed. Since this registration algorithm models the actual development of the mandible, it is possible to simulate the development......, and the use of selective matrix vector multiplication. Fluid medical image registration A new and faster algorithm for non-rigid registration using viscous fluid models is presented. This algorithm replaces the core part of the original algorithm with multi-resolution convolution using a new filter, which...

  6. Registration Day-Camp 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    Nursery School

    2016-01-01

    Registration for the CERN SA Day-camp are open for children from 4 to 6 years old From March 14 to 25 for children already enrolled in CERN SA EVE and School From April 4 to 15 for the children of CERN members of the personnel (MP) From April 18 for other children More information on the website: http://nurseryschool.web.cern.ch/. The day-camp is open to all children. An inscription per week is proposed, cost 480.-CHF/week, lunch included The camp will be open weeks 27, 28, 29 and 30, from 8:30 am to 5:30 pm. For further questions, thanks you for contacting us by email at Summer.Camp@cern.ch.

  7. Semiautomated Multimodal Breast Image Registration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Curtis

    2012-01-01

    However, due to the highly deformable nature of breast tissues, comparison of 3D and 2D modalities is a challenge. To enable this comparison, a registration technique was developed to map features from 2D mammograms to locations in the 3D image space. This technique was developed and tested using magnetic resonance (MR images as a reference 3D modality, as MR breast imaging is an established technique in clinical practice. The algorithm was validated using a numerical phantom then successfully tested on twenty-four image pairs. Dice's coefficient was used to measure the external goodness of fit, resulting in an excellent overall average of 0.94. Internal agreement was evaluated by examining internal features in consultation with a radiologist, and subjective assessment concludes that reasonable alignment was achieved.

  8. 2007-2008 National Voter Registration Act of 1993 Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains voter registration data for the 2008 election cycle. The dataset and corresponding report address the impact of the National Voter Registration...

  9. Development and evaluation of an articulated registration algorithm for human skeleton registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yip, Stephen; Perk, Timothy; Jeraj, Robert

    2014-03-01

    Accurate registration over multiple scans is necessary to assess treatment response of bone diseases (e.g. metastatic bone lesions). This study aimed to develop and evaluate an articulated registration algorithm for the whole-body skeleton registration in human patients. In articulated registration, whole-body skeletons are registered by auto-segmenting into individual bones using atlas-based segmentation, and then rigidly aligning them. Sixteen patients (weight = 80-117 kg, height = 168-191 cm) with advanced prostate cancer underwent the pre- and mid-treatment PET/CT scans over a course of cancer therapy. Skeletons were extracted from the CT images by thresholding (HU>150). Skeletons were registered using the articulated, rigid, and deformable registration algorithms to account for position and postural variability between scans. The inter-observers agreement in the atlas creation, the agreement between the manually and atlas-based segmented bones, and the registration performances of all three registration algorithms were all assessed using the Dice similarity index—DSIobserved, DSIatlas, and DSIregister. Hausdorff distance (dHausdorff) of the registered skeletons was also used for registration evaluation. Nearly negligible inter-observers variability was found in the bone atlases creation as the DSIobserver was 96 ± 2%. Atlas-based and manual segmented bones were in excellent agreement with DSIatlas of 90 ± 3%. Articulated (DSIregsiter = 75 ± 2%, dHausdorff = 0.37 ± 0.08 cm) and deformable registration algorithms (DSIregister = 77 ± 3%, dHausdorff = 0.34 ± 0.08 cm) considerably outperformed the rigid registration algorithm (DSIregsiter = 59 ± 9%, dHausdorff = 0.69 ± 0.20 cm) in the skeleton registration as the rigid registration algorithm failed to capture the skeleton flexibility in the joints. Despite superior skeleton registration performance, deformable registration algorithm failed to preserve the local rigidity of bones as over 60% of the

  10. Cellular recurrent deep network for image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, M.; Vidyaratne, L.; Iftekharuddin, Khan M.

    2015-09-01

    Image registration using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) remains a challenging learning task. Registration can be posed as a two-step problem: parameter estimation and actual alignment/transformation using the estimated parameters. To date ANN based image registration techniques only perform the parameter estimation, while affine equations are used to perform the actual transformation. In this paper, we propose a novel deep ANN based image rigid registration that combines parameter estimation and transformation as a simultaneous learning task. Our previous work shows that a complex universal approximator known as Cellular Simultaneous Recurrent Network (CSRN) can successfully approximate affine transformations with known transformation parameters. This study introduces a deep ANN that combines a feed forward network with a CSRN to perform full rigid registration. Layer wise training is used to pre-train feed forward network for parameter estimation and followed by a CSRN for image transformation respectively. The deep network is then fine-tuned to perform the final registration task. Our result shows that the proposed deep ANN architecture achieves comparable registration accuracy to that of image affine transformation using CSRN with known parameters. We also demonstrate the efficacy of our novel deep architecture by a performance comparison with a deep clustered MLP.

  11. Tensor scale-based image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Punam K.; Zhang, Hui; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Gee, James C.

    2003-05-01

    Tangible solutions to image registration are paramount in longitudinal as well as multi-modal medical imaging studies. In this paper, we introduce tensor scale - a recently developed local morphometric parameter - in rigid image registration. A tensor scale-based registration method incorporates local structure size, orientation and anisotropy into the matching criterion, and therefore, allows efficient multi-modal image registration and holds potential to overcome the effects of intensity inhomogeneity in MRI. Two classes of two-dimensional image registration methods are proposed - (1) that computes angular shift between two images by correlating their tensor scale orientation histogram, and (2) that registers two images by maximizing the similarity of tensor scale features. Results of applications of the proposed methods on proton density and T2-weighted MR brain images of (1) the same slice of the same subject, and (2) different slices of the same subject are presented. The basic superiority of tensor scale-based registration over intensity-based registration is that it may allow the use of local Gestalts formed by the intensity patterns over the image instead of simply considering intensities as isolated events at the pixel level. This would be helpful in dealing with the effects of intensity inhomogeneity and noise in MRI.

  12. Masked object registration in the Fourier domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padfield, Dirk

    2012-05-01

    Registration is one of the most common tasks of image analysis and computer vision applications. The requirements of most registration algorithms include large capture range and fast computation so that the algorithms are robust to different scenarios and can be computed in a reasonable amount of time. For these purposes, registration in the Fourier domain using normalized cross-correlation is well suited and has been extensively studied in the literature. Another common requirement is masking, which is necessary for applications where certain regions of the image that would adversely affect the registration result should be ignored. To address these requirements, we have derived a mathematical model that describes an exact form for embedding the masking step fully into the Fourier domain so that all steps of translation registration can be computed efficiently using Fast Fourier Transforms. We provide algorithms and implementation details that demonstrate the correctness of our derivations. We also demonstrate how this masked FFT registration approach can be applied to improve the Fourier-Mellin algorithm that calculates translation, rotation, and scale in the Fourier domain. We demonstrate the computational efficiency, advantages, and correctness of our algorithm on a number of images from real-world applications. Our framework enables fast, global, parameter-free registration of images with masked regions.

  13. Natural product of wild Zingiberaceae Elettariopsis slahmong: biopesticide to control the vector of banana blood disease bacterium in West Sumatera, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir, N; Dharma, A; Efdi, M; Yuhendra; Eliesti, F

    2013-01-01

    Banana is one of the most important food crops in Indonesia. Its production is greater than any other agricultural commodity. With the population of 230 million in 2010, banana was consumed up to three million tons in this country. However, Banana Blood Disease Bacterium (BDB), one of the most devastating banana pathogens in the world, which is only found in Indonesia, threatens not only the growth of this plant but also the lives and the livelihoods for most of the Indonesian society. BDB is caused by a lethal bacteria, Ralstonia solanacearum Phylotype-4, which infects a wide range of bananas, from bananas used for consumption to wild bananas. In West Sumatera, the disease killed 1.40% of bananas in 1998, and then increased dramatically to 37.9% in 2003. The total banana production dropped to 62% in this province. The search for controlling the vector has led to the pre-investigation of Wild Zingiberaceae Elettariopsis slahmong C.K. Lim which has a stink bug odour similar to a methidathion insecticide. The plant was collected around the conservation area of Lembah Anal in West Sumatra. The goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of natural insecticides compound contained in E. slahmong against D. melanogaster. This study tested the effect of E. slahmong on the mortality, anti-feedant and repellent levels against Drosophila melanogaster, the vector of BDB. The essential oil of E. slahmong was obtained by steam distillation of fresh rhizomes, pseudo stems and leaves. We found that the extract of E. slahmong significantly affected the mortality of D. melanogaster of 30-40% and also acted as an antifeedant (with success rate of 73-93%) and repellent (with success rate of 99-99.6%). The long- term objective of this study is to develop green biopesticide to control BDB in Indonesia, based on an environmentally friendly pest management.

  14. Action semantics modulate action prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Anne; Prinz, Wolfgang

    2010-11-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that action prediction involves an internal action simulation that runs time-locked to the real action. The present study replicates and extends these findings by indicating a real-time simulation process (Graf et al., 2007), which can be differentiated from a similarity-based evaluation of internal action representations. Moreover, results showed that action semantics modulate action prediction accuracy. The semantic effect was specified by the processing of action verbs and concrete nouns (Experiment 1) and, more specifically, by the dynamics described by action verbs (Experiment 2) and the speed described by the verbs (e.g., "to catch" vs. "to grasp" vs. "to stretch"; Experiment 3). These results propose a linkage between action simulation and action semantics as two yet unrelated domains, a view that coincides with a recent notion of a close link between motor processes and the understanding of action language.

  15. Mean Shift Registration Algorithm for Dissimilar Sensors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Yong-qing; JING Zhong-liang; HU Shi-qiang; ZHAO Hai-tao

    2009-01-01

    The mean shift registration (MSR) algorithm is proposed to accurately estimate the biases for multiple dissimilar sensors. The new algorithm is a batch optimization procedure. The maximum likelihood estimator is used to estimate the target states, and then the mean shift algorithm is implemented to estimate the sensor biases. Monte Carlo simulations show that the MSR algorithm has significant improvement in performance with reducing the standard deviation and mean of sensor biased estimation error compared with the maximum likelihood registration algorithm. The quantitative analysis and the qualitative analysis show that the MSR algorithm has less computation than the maximum likelihood registration method.

  16. 47 CFR 1.8001 - FCC Registration Number (FRN).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FCC Registration Number (FRN). 1.8001 Section 1.8001 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FCC Registration Number § 1.8001 FCC Registration Number (FRN). (a) The FCC Registration Number (FRN) is a...

  17. Progressive refinement for robust image registration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Song; Yuanhua Zhou; Jun Zhou

    2005-01-01

    @@ A new image registration algorithm with robust cost function and progressive refinement estimation is developed on the basis of direct method (DM). The robustness lies in M-estimation to avert larger local noise and outliers.

  18. Guam Energy Action Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conrad, M. D.; Ness, J. E.

    2013-07-01

    Describes the four near-term strategies selected by the Guam Energy Task Force during action planning workshops conducted in March 2013, and outlines the steps being taken to implement those strategies. Each strategy addresses one of the energy sectors identified in the earlier Guam strategic energy plan as being an essential component of diversifying Guam's fuel sources and reducing fossil energy consumption 20% by 2020. The four energy strategies selected are: (1) expanding public outreach on energy efficiency and conservation, (2) establishing a demand-side management revolving loan program, (3) exploring waste-to-energy options, and (4) influencing the transportation sector via anti-idling legislation, vehicle registration fees, and electric vehicles.

  19. Central research registration at Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sand, Ane Ahrenkiel

    Some five years ago, DTU switched from decentralized research registration, where researchers entered their publications into the DTU research repository themselves to centralized research registration, whereby library staff upload academic publications to the repository on behalf...... of the researchers. The implementation of the centralization process was accompanied by, and depended on, the establishment of a research registration team at the DTU Library. This session shares DTU’s five years of experience with centralized research registration, including: the implementation process, the setting...... up the registration team, the configuration of the repository platform (Pure), the registration workflow and last but not least the results since DTU switched to centralized research registration....

  20. A survey of medical image registration - under review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viergever, Max A; Maintz, J B Antoine; Klein, Stefan; Murphy, Keelin; Staring, Marius; Pluim, Josien P W

    2016-10-01

    A retrospective view on the past two decades of the field of medical image registration is presented, guided by the article "A survey of medical image registration" (Maintz and Viergever, 1998). It shows that the classification of the field introduced in that article is still usable, although some modifications to do justice to advances in the field would be due. The main changes over the last twenty years are the shift from extrinsic to intrinsic registration, the primacy of intensity-based registration, the breakthrough of nonlinear registration, the progress of inter-subject registration, and the availability of generic image registration software packages. Two problems that were called urgent already 20 years ago, are even more urgent nowadays: Validation of registration methods, and translation of results of image registration research to clinical practice. It may be concluded that the field of medical image registration has evolved, but still is in need of further development in various aspects.

  1. RRS: Replica Registration Service for Data Grids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alex; Stockinger, Kurt

    2005-07-15

    Over the last few years various scientific experiments and Grid projects have developed different catalogs for keeping track of their data files. Some projects use specialized file catalogs, others use distributed replica catalogs to reference files at different locations. Due to this diversity of catalogs, it is very hard to manage files across Grid projects, or to replace one catalog with another. In this paper we introduce a new Grid service called the Replica Registration Service (RRS). It can be thought of as an abstraction of the concepts for registering files and their replicas. In addition to traditional single file registration operations, the RRS supports collective file registration requests and keeps persistent registration queues. This approach is of particular importance for large-scale usage where thousands of files are copied and registered. Moreover, the RRS supports a set of error directives that are triggered in case of registration failures. Our goal is to provide a single uniform interface for various file catalogs to support the registration of files across multiple Grid projects, and to make Grid clients oblivious to the specific catalog used.

  2. Central Research Registration at Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sand, Ane Ahrenkiel

    of the researchers. The implementation of the centralization process was accompanied by, and depended on, the establishment of a research registration team at the DTU Library. This session shares DTU’s five years of experience with centralized research registration, including: the implementation process, the setting...... up the registration team, the configuration of the repository platform (Pure), the registration workflow and last but not least the results since DTU switched to centralized research registration....

  3. Action physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinness, Lachlan P.; Savage, C. M.

    2016-09-01

    More than a decade ago, Edwin Taylor issued a "call to action" that presented the case for basing introductory university mechanics teaching around the principle of stationary action [E. F. Taylor, Am. J. Phys. 71, 423-425 (2003)]. We report on our response to that call in the form of an investigation of the teaching and learning of the stationary action formulation of physics in a first-year university course. Our action physics instruction proceeded from the many-paths approach to quantum physics to ray optics, classical mechanics, and relativity. Despite the challenges presented by action physics, students reported it to be accessible, interesting, motivational, and valuable.

  4. Complementary Actions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa eSartori

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Complementary colors are color pairs which, when combined in the right proportions, produce white or black. Complementary actions refer here to forms of social interaction wherein individuals adapt their joint actions according to a common aim. Notably, complementary actions are incongruent actions. But being incongruent is not sufficient to be complementary (i.e., to complete the action of another person. Successful complementary interactions are founded on the abilities: (i to simulate another person’s movements, (ii to predict another person’s future action/s, (iii to produce an appropriate incongruent response which differ, while interacting, with observed ones, and (iv to complete the social interaction by integrating the predicted effects of one’s own action with those of another person. This definition clearly alludes to the functional importance of complementary actions in the perception–action cycle and prompts us to scrutinize what is taking place behind the scenes. Preliminary data on this topic have been provided by recent cutting-edge studies utilizing different research methods. This mini-review aims to provide an up-to-date overview of the processes and the specific activations underlying complementary actions.

  5. Constrained non-rigid registration for whole body image registration: method and validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xia; Yankeelov, Thomas E.; Peterson, Todd E.; Gore, John C.; Dawant, Benoit M.

    2007-03-01

    3D intra- and inter-subject registration of image volumes is important for tasks that include measurements and quantification of temporal/longitudinal changes, atlas-based segmentation, deriving population averages, or voxel and tensor-based morphometry. A number of methods have been proposed to tackle this problem but few of them have focused on the problem of registering whole body image volumes acquired either from humans or small animals. These image volumes typically contain a large number of articulated structures, which makes registration more difficult than the registration of head images, to which the vast majority of registration algorithms have been applied. To solve this problem, we have previously proposed an approach, which initializes an intensity-based non-rigid registration algorithm with a point based registration technique [1, 2]. In this paper, we introduce new constraints into our non-rigid registration algorithm to prevent the bones from being deformed inaccurately. Results we have obtained show that the new constrained algorithm leads to better registration results than the previous one.

  6. The impact of perfectionism and anxiety traits on action monitoring in major depressive disorder

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schrijvers, D.L.; Bruijn, E.R.A. de; Destoop, M.; Hulstijn, W.; Sabbe, B.G.C.C.

    2010-01-01

    Perfectionism and anxiety features are involved in the clinical presentation and neurobiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). In MDD, cognitive control mechanisms such as action monitoring can adequately be investigated applying electrophysiological registrations of the error-related negativity

  7. Registration Based Retrieval using Texture Measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swarnambiga AYYACHAMY

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study presented in this manuscript was to develop and analyze registration based retrieval of medical image using texture measures. Three main methods are implemented in this work. The first method includes Affine transformation, Demons and Affine with B-spline. The second method implemented is medical image retrieval system using content based medical image retrieval. GLCM, LBP and GLCM with LBP are used for texture based retrieval. Shape based retrieval is processed using canny edge with the Otsu method. From registration based retrieval, Affine with B-Spline performs well and produces best result by increasing the retrieval rate and the next better performances are given by Demons and Affine registration. The results showed that the best results for registration based retrieval are given by Affine with B-Spline registration based retrieval using GLCM+LBP with (100/50. Based on more relevant retrieved images, Brain (100/50 and Knee (100/50 observed to have more relevant retrieved images.

  8. Onboard Image Registration from Invariant Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yi; Ng, Justin; Garay, Michael J.; Burl, Michael C

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a feature-based image registration technique that is potentially well-suited for onboard deployment. The overall goal is to provide a fast, robust method for dynamically combining observations from multiple platforms into sensors webs that respond quickly to short-lived events and provide rich observations of objects that evolve in space and time. The approach, which has enjoyed considerable success in mainstream computer vision applications, uses invariant SIFT descriptors extracted at image interest points together with the RANSAC algorithm to robustly estimate transformation parameters that relate one image to another. Experimental results for two satellite image registration tasks are presented: (1) automatic registration of images from the MODIS instrument on Terra to the MODIS instrument on Aqua and (2) automatic stabilization of a multi-day sequence of GOES-West images collected during the October 2007 Southern California wildfires.

  9. Fractional Regularization Term for Variational Image Registration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Verdú-Monedero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Image registration is a widely used task of image analysis with applications in many fields. Its classical formulation and current improvements are given in the spatial domain. In this paper a regularization term based on fractional order derivatives is formulated. This term is defined and implemented in the frequency domain by translating the energy functional into the frequency domain and obtaining the Euler-Lagrange equations which minimize it. The new regularization term leads to a simple formulation and design, being applicable to higher dimensions by using the corresponding multidimensional Fourier transform. The proposed regularization term allows for a real gradual transition from a diffusion registration to a curvature registration which is best suited to some applications and it is not possible in the spatial domain. Results with 3D actual images show the validity of this approach.

  10. Legislation for trial registration and data transparency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bian, Zhao-Xiang; Wu, Tai-Xiang

    2010-05-26

    Public confidence in clinical trials has been eroded by data suppression, misrepresentation and manipulation. Although various attempts have been made to achieve universal trial registration- e.g., Declaration of Helsinki, WHO clinical Trial Registry Platform (WHO ICTRP), the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors requirement- they have not succeeded, probably because they lack the enough power of enforcement.Legislation appears to be the most efficient and effective means to ensure that all researchers register their trials and disseminate their data accurately and in a timely manner. We propose that a global network be established. This could be accomplished in two steps. The first step is to legislate about trial registration and data transparency, such as USA's FDAAA Act 2007; and the second step to establish a global network to ensure uniform, international consistency in policy and enforcement of trial registration and data transparency.

  11. Mass preserving image registration for lung CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorbunova, Vladlena; Sporring, Jon; Lo, Pechin;

    2012-01-01

    on four groups of data: 44 pairs of longitudinal inspiratory chest CT scans with small difference in lung volume; 44 pairs of longitudinal inspiratory chest CT scans with large difference in lung volume; 16 pairs of expiratory and inspiratory CT scans; and 5 pairs of images extracted at end exhale and end...... inhale phases of 4D-CT images. Registration errors, measured as the average distance between vessel tree centerlines in the matched images, are significantly lower for the proposed mass preserving image registration method in the second, third and fourth group, while there is no statistically significant......This paper presents a mass preserving image registration algorithm for lung CT images. To account for the local change in lung tissue intensity during the breathing cycle, a tissue appearance model based on the principle of preservation of total lung mass is proposed. This model is incorporated...

  12. Serial volumetric registration of pulmonary CT studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, José Silvestre; Silva, Augusto; Sousa Santos, Beatriz

    2008-03-01

    Detailed morphological analysis of pulmonary structures and tissue, provided by modern CT scanners, is of utmost importance as in the case of oncological applications both for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up. In this case, a patient may go through several tomographic studies throughout a period of time originating volumetric sets of image data that must be appropriately registered in order to track suspicious radiological findings. The structures or regions of interest may change their position or shape in CT exams acquired at different moments, due to postural, physiologic or pathologic changes, so, the exams should be registered before any follow-up information can be extracted. Postural mismatching throughout time is practically impossible to avoid being particularly evident when imaging is performed at the limiting spatial resolution. In this paper, we propose a method for intra-patient registration of pulmonary CT studies, to assist in the management of the oncological pathology. Our method takes advantage of prior segmentation work. In the first step, the pulmonary segmentation is performed where trachea and main bronchi are identified. Then, the registration method proceeds with a longitudinal alignment based on morphological features of the lungs, such as the position of the carina, the pulmonary areas, the centers of mass and the pulmonary trans-axial principal axis. The final step corresponds to the trans-axial registration of the corresponding pulmonary masked regions. This is accomplished by a pairwise sectional registration process driven by an iterative search of the affine transformation parameters leading to optimal similarity metrics. Results with several cases of intra-patient, intra-modality registration, up to 7 time points, show that this method provides accurate registration which is needed for quantitative tracking of lesions and the development of image fusion strategies that may effectively assist the follow-up process.

  13. 3D-2D registration for surgical guidance: effect of projection view angles on registration accuracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uneri, A.; Otake, Y.; Wang, A. S.; Kleinszig, G.; Vogt, S.; Khanna, A. J.; Siewerdsen, J. H.

    2014-01-01

    An algorithm for intensity-based 3D-2D registration of CT and x-ray projections is evaluated, specifically using single- or dual-projection views to provide 3D localization. The registration framework employs the gradient information similarity metric and covariance matrix adaptation evolution strategy to solve for the patient pose in six degrees of freedom. Registration performance was evaluated in an anthropomorphic phantom and cadaver, using C-arm projection views acquired at angular separation, Δθ, ranging from ˜0°-180° at variable C-arm magnification. Registration accuracy was assessed in terms of 2D projection distance error and 3D target registration error (TRE) and compared to that of an electromagnetic (EM) tracker. The results indicate that angular separation as small as Δθ ˜10°-20° achieved TRE registration of preoperative CT and planning data to intraoperative fluoroscopy, providing 3D localization free from conventional limitations associated with external fiducial markers, stereotactic frames, trackers and manual registration.

  14. [Registration of prehabilitation prior to surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tønnesen, Hanne; Duus, Benn R

    2008-04-21

    Four to eight week prehabilitation programs for smokers and harmful drinkers were included in the national guidelines in 2001. In October 2007 a guarantee for surgery within one month of waiting time came into effect in Denmark. The present Danish patient administration system already contains room for registration of prehabilitation prior to surgery. Using one specific code for prehabilitation at the surgical department and another for prehabilitation at other departments will enable correct registration. Thereby, it is possible to differentiate between ordinary waiting time before surgery and time for prehabilitation.

  15. Mass Preserving Registration for lung CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorbunova, Vladlena; Lo, Pechin Chien Pau; Loeve, Martin;

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we evaluate a novel image registration method on a set of expiratory-inspiratory pairs of computed tomography (CT) lung scans. A free-form multi resolution image registration technique is used to match two scans of the same subject. To account for the differences in the lung...... and inspiration CT scans of children with cystic fibrosis lung disease. The proposed method with mass preserving adjustment results in significantly better alignment of the vessel trees. Analysis of local volume change for regions with trapped air compared to normally ventilated regions revealed larger...

  16. Phase Correlation Based Iris Image Registration Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun-Zhou Huang; Tie-Niu Tan; Li Ma; Yun-Hong Wang

    2005-01-01

    Iris recognition is one of the most reliable personal identification methods. In iris recognition systems, image registration is an important component. Accurately registering iris images leads to higher recognition rate for an iris recognition system. This paper proposes a phase correlation based method for iris image registration with sub-pixel accuracy.Compared with existing methods, it is insensitive to image intensity and can compensate to a certain extent the non-linear iris deformation caused by pupil movement. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm has an encouraging performance.

  17. 27 CFR 479.71 - Proof of registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES, AND CERTAIN OTHER FIREARMS Tax on Making Firearms Registration § 479.71 Proof of registration. The approval by...

  18. 75 FR 40825 - Clofencet; Cancellation Order for Certain Pesticide Registrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... the registrant Monsanto Company to voluntarily cancel all these product registrations. These are the... Company Number Company Name and Address 524 Monsanto Company 1300 I Street N.W. Suite 450 Washington,...

  19. 75 FR 16113 - Bacillus subtilis; Registration Review Final Decision; Notice of Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... AGENCY Bacillus subtilis; Registration Review Final Decision; Notice of Availability AGENCY... final registration review decision for the pesticide Bacillus subtilis, case 6012. Registration review... availability of EPA's final registration review decision for Bacillus subtilis, case 6012. The...

  20. Accuracy Validation for Medical Image Registration Algorithms: a Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhe Liu; Xiang Deng; Guang-zhi Wang

    2012-01-01

    Accuracy validation is essential to clinical application of medical image registration techniques.Registration validation remains a challenging problem in practice mainly due to lack of 'ground truth'.In this paper,an overview of current validation methods for medical image registration is presented with detailed discussion of their benefits and drawbacks.Special focus is on non-rigid registration validation.Promising solution is also discussed.

  1. Registrering af biometriske og biologiske personoplysninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blume, Peter Erik; Herrmann, Janne Rothmar

    2009-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i menneskeretsdomstolens Marper dom drøftes i artiklen indretningen af dansk rets regler om registrering af fingeraftryk og dna-profil med tilhørende biologisk materiale, og om dommen nødvendiggør ændringer af disse regler....

  2. Image registration using adaptive polar transform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matungka, Rittavee; Zheng, Yuan F; Ewing, Robert L

    2009-10-01

    Image registration is an essential step in many image processing applications that need visual information from multiple images for comparison, integration, or analysis. Recently, researchers have introduced image registration techniques using the log-polar transform (LPT) for its rotation and scale invariant properties. However, it suffers from nonuniform sampling which makes it not suitable for applications in which the registered images are altered or occluded. Inspired by LPT, this paper presents a new registration algorithm that addresses the problems of the conventional LPT while maintaining the robustness to scale and rotation. We introduce a novel adaptive polar transform (APT) technique that evenly and effectively samples the image in the Cartesian coordinates. Combining APT with an innovative projection transform along with a matching mechanism, the proposed method yields less computational load and more accurate registration than that of the conventional LPT. Translation between the registered images is recovered with the new search scheme using Gabor feature extraction to accelerate the localization procedure. Moreover an image comparison scheme is proposed for locating the area where the image pairs differ. Experiments on real images demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed approach for registering images that are subjected to occlusion and alteration in addition to scale, rotation, and translation.

  3. Deformable image registration with geometric changes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu LIU; Bo ZHU

    2015-01-01

    Geometric changes present a number of difficulties in deformable image registration. In this paper, we propose a global deformation framework to model geometric changes whilst promoting a smooth transformation between source and target images. To achieve this, we have developed an innovative model which significantly reduces the side effects of geometric changes in image registration, and thus improves the registration accuracy. Our key contribution is the introduction of a sparsity-inducing norm, which is typically L1 norm regularization targeting regions where geometric changes occur. This preserves the smoothness of global transformation by eliminating local transformation under different conditions. Numerical solutions are discussed and analyzed to guarantee the stability and fast convergence of our algorithm. To demonstrate the effectiveness and utility of this method, we evaluate it on both synthetic data and real data from traumatic brain injury (TBI). We show that the transformation estimated from our model is able to reconstruct the target image with lower instances of error than a standard elastic registration model.

  4. Pre-registration education: learning communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Gail; Crooke, Lois; Curtis, Peter

    Changes in nurse education in the UK and the introduction of a new pre-registration nursing programme have led to developments in education methods. This article describes the creation of learning communities at Thames Valley University as a means of adapting to the new curriculum.

  5. 19 CFR 360.102 - Online registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... to an importer, customs broker or importer's agent. Operating units within the company (e.g... number. In order to obtain a user identification number, the importer, importing company, customs broker... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Online registration. 360.102 Section...

  6. Late Registration: May It Rest in Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Banion, Terry

    2012-01-01

    Almost every institution of higher education engages in late registration. But evidence is mounting that the practice, originally intended to keep the doors of opportunity open for students as long as possible, wreaks havoc on the ability of colleges to achieve the goals of the emerging completion agenda. Despite best intentions, late registration…

  7. Fast Registration of Cardiac Perfusion MRI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stegmann, Mikkel Bille; Larsson, Henrik B. W.

    2003-01-01

    This abstract presents a novel method for registration of cardiac perfusion MRI sequences. By performing complex analyses of variance and clustering in an annotated training set off-line, our method provides real-time segmentation in an on-line setting. This renders the method feasible for live...

  8. 77 FR 16544 - Pesticide Product Registration Approvals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-21

    ... Number: EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0023. a. Description of New Active Ingredient: Monsanto Company submitted an.... Monsanto Company noted several technical corrections needed to be made to the proposed decision and risk... participation. Monsanto also requested a longer expiration date (five vs. two years) for its registration....

  9. Mid-space-independent deformable image registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aganj, Iman; Iglesias, Juan Eugenio; Reuter, Martin; Sabuncu, Mert Rory; Fischl, Bruce

    2017-02-24

    Aligning images in a mid-space is a common approach to ensuring that deformable image registration is symmetric - that it does not depend on the arbitrary ordering of the input images. The results are, however, generally dependent on the mathematical definition of the mid-space. In particular, the set of possible solutions is typically restricted by the constraints that are enforced on the transformations to prevent the mid-space from drifting too far from the native image spaces. The use of an implicit atlas has been proposed as an approach to mid-space image registration. In this work, we show that when the atlas is aligned to each image in the native image space, the data term of implicit-atlas-based deformable registration is inherently independent of the mid-space. In addition, we show that the regularization term can be reformulated independently of the mid-space as well. We derive a new symmetric cost function that only depends on the transformation morphing the images to each other, rather than to the atlas. This eliminates the need for anti-drift constraints, thereby expanding the space of allowable deformations. We provide an implementation scheme for the proposed framework, and validate it through diffeomorphic registration experiments on brain magnetic resonance images.

  10. DEVELOPMENT AND REGISTRATION OF CHIRAL DRUGS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    WITTE, DT; ENSING, K; FRANKE, JP; DEZEEUW, RA

    1993-01-01

    In this review we describe the impact of chirality on drug development and registration in the United States, Japan and the European Community. Enantiomers may have differences in their pharmacological profiles, and, therefore, chiral drugs ask for special analytical and pharmacological attention du

  11. 2016 Joint Universities Accelerator School (JUAS) - Registrations

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    The registrations for the 2016 session of the Joint Universities Accelerator School (JUAS) are now open.   Applications are welcome from second-year Master and PhD and for physicists wishing to further their knowledge in this particular field. The deadline for submission of the full application form is 30 October 2015.

  12. 2017 Joint Universities Accelerator School (JUAS) - Registrations

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    The registrations for the 2017 session of the Joint Universities Accelerator School (JUAS) are now open.   Applications are welcome from staff, fellows and post-graduate students wishing to further their knowledge in the field. The deadline for submission of the full application form is 16 October 2016.

  13. Registration now open for landmark CERN conference

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Journalist registration is now available for the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS) conference, to be held at CERN on 8-9 December....RSIS will explore future contributions of science to the information society based on past and present practice (1 page).

  14. 31 CFR 316.4 - Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Registration. 316.4 Section 316.4 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT OFFERING OF UNITED STATES SAVINGS BONDS, SERIES E §...

  15. EVALUATION OF REGISTRATION, COMPRESSION AND CLASSIFICATION ALGORITHMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayroe, R. R.

    1994-01-01

    Several types of algorithms are generally used to process digital imagery such as Landsat data. The most commonly used algorithms perform the task of registration, compression, and classification. Because there are different techniques available for performing registration, compression, and classification, imagery data users need a rationale for selecting a particular approach to meet their particular needs. This collection of registration, compression, and classification algorithms was developed so that different approaches could be evaluated and the best approach for a particular application determined. Routines are included for six registration algorithms, six compression algorithms, and two classification algorithms. The package also includes routines for evaluating the effects of processing on the image data. This collection of routines should be useful to anyone using or developing image processing software. Registration of image data involves the geometrical alteration of the imagery. Registration routines available in the evaluation package include image magnification, mapping functions, partitioning, map overlay, and data interpolation. The compression of image data involves reducing the volume of data needed for a given image. Compression routines available in the package include adaptive differential pulse code modulation, two-dimensional transforms, clustering, vector reduction, and picture segmentation. Classification of image data involves analyzing the uncompressed or compressed image data to produce inventories and maps of areas of similar spectral properties within a scene. The classification routines available include a sequential linear technique and a maximum likelihood technique. The choice of the appropriate evaluation criteria is quite important in evaluating the image processing functions. The user is therefore given a choice of evaluation criteria with which to investigate the available image processing functions. All of the available

  16. 12 CFR 998.2 - Registration and periodic disclosures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Registration and periodic disclosures. 998.2 Section 998.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DISCLOSURES REGISTRATION OF FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK EQUITY SECURITIES § 998.2 Registration and periodic disclosures....

  17. 28 CFR 811.10 - Changes in registration information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Changes in registration information. 811... DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.10 Changes in registration information. (a)(1) A sex... moves to a different address; (ii) leaves a job or obtains a new job, or leaves a school or enrolls in...

  18. Automatic registration of terrestrial point cloud using panoramic reflectance images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kang, Z.

    2008-01-01

    Much attention is paid to registration of terrestrial point clouds nowadays. Research is carried out towards improved efficiency and automation of the registration process. This paper reports a new approach for point clouds registration utilizing reflectance panoramic images. The approach follows a

  19. 27 CFR 19.155 - Maintenance of registration file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... registration file. 19.155 Section 19.155 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... Spirits Plants § 19.155 Maintenance of registration file. The proprietor shall maintain the registration file in looseleaf form in complete and current condition, readily available at the plant for...

  20. Registration of 3D Face Scans with Average Face Models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salah, A.A.; Alyuz, N.; Akarun, L.

    2008-01-01

    The accuracy of a 3D face recognition system depends on a correct registration that aligns the facial surfaces and makes a comparison possible. The best results obtained so far use a costly one-to-all registration approach, which requires the registration of each facial surface to all faces in the g

  1. 37 CFR 1.297 - Publication of statutory invention registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... invention registration. 1.297 Section 1.297 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND... Provisions Protests and Public Use Proceedings § 1.297 Publication of statutory invention registration. (a) If the request for a statutory invention registration is approved the statutory...

  2. Image Registration for Targeted MRI-guided Transperineal Prostate Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedorov, Andriy; Tuncali, Kemal; Fennessy, Fiona M.; Tokuda, Junichi; Hata, Nobuhiko; Wells, William M.; Kikinis, Ron; Tempany, Clare M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To develop and evaluate image registration methodology for automated re-identification of tumor-suspicious foci from pre-procedural MR exams during MR-guided transperineal prostate core biopsy. Materials and Methods A hierarchical approach for automated registration between planning and intra-procedural T2-weighted prostate MRI was developed and evaluated on the images acquired during 10 consecutive MR-guided biopsies. Registration accuracy was quantified at image-based landmarks and by evaluating spatial overlap for the manually segmented prostate and sub-structures. Registration reliability was evaluated by simulating initial mis-registration and analyzing the convergence behavior. Registration precision was characterized at the planned biopsy targets. Results The total computation time was compatible with a clinical setting, being at most 2 minutes. Deformable registration led to a significant improvement in spatial overlap of the prostate and peripheral zone contours compared to both rigid and affine registration. Average in-slice landmark registration error was 1.3±0.5 mm. Experiments simulating initial mis-registration resulted in an estimated average capture range of 6 mm and an average in-slice registration precision of ±0.3 mm. Conclusion Our registration approach requires minimum user interaction and is compatible with the time constraints of our interventional clinical workflow. The initial evaluation shows acceptable accuracy, reliability and consistency of the method. PMID:22645031

  3. Surface-to-surface registration using level sets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mads Fogtmann; Erbou, Søren G.; Vester-Christensen, Martin;

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a general approach for surface-to-surface registration (S2SR) with the Euclidean metric using signed distance maps. In addition, the method is symmetric such that the registration of a shape A to a shape B is identical to the registration of the shape B to the shape A. The S2S...

  4. 46 CFR 401.220 - Registration of pilots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... affecting § 401.220, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Registration of pilots. 401.220 Section 401.220 Shipping... Registration of Pilots § 401.220 Registration of pilots. (a) The Director shall determine the number of...

  5. Passenger Vehicle Registrations Rallied in February——registrations reflect auto market tendency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Passenger vehicles (including vans) registrations year-on-year increased 42.2% in Feb. 2007, reaching 408,570 units. Due to the reason there was a larger sales period before the past Chinese New Year in late of February, thus Feb. 2007 made a rather different tendency than previous years. The registrations exceeded more than 0.2 million compared with the past

  6. Registration performance on EUV masks using high-resolution registration metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinert, Steffen; Solowan, Hans-Michael; Park, Jinback; Han, Hakseung; Beyer, Dirk; Scherübl, Thomas

    2016-10-01

    Next-generation lithography based on EUV continues to move forward to high-volume manufacturing. Given the technical challenges and the throughput concerns a hybrid approach with 193 nm immersion lithography is expected, at least in the initial state. Due to the increasing complexity at smaller nodes a multitude of different masks, both DUV (193 nm) and EUV (13.5 nm) reticles, will then be required in the lithography process-flow. The individual registration of each mask and the resulting overlay error are of crucial importance in order to ensure proper functionality of the chips. While registration and overlay metrology on DUV masks has been the standard for decades, this has yet to be demonstrated on EUV masks. Past generations of mask registration tools were not necessarily limited in their tool stability, but in their resolution capabilities. The scope of this work is an image placement investigation of high-end EUV masks together with a registration and resolution performance qualification. For this we employ a new generation registration metrology system embedded in a production environment for full-spec EUV masks. This paper presents excellent registration performance not only on standard overlay markers but also on more sophisticated e-beam calibration patterns.

  7. A New Extended Projection-Based Image Registration Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENHuafu; YAODezhong

    2005-01-01

    In the presence of fixed -pattern noise, the projection-based image registration technique is effective but its implementation is only confined to translation registration. Presented in this paper is an extended projectionbased image registration technique in which, by rearranging the projections of images, the image registration is implemented in two steps: rotation and translation, to accomplish two-dimensional (2-D) image registration. Thisapproach transforms the general 2-D optimization procedure into an 1-D projection optimization, thus considerably reducing the amount of computation. The validity ofthe new method is testified by simulation experiment.

  8. High performance deformable image registration algorithms for manycore processors

    CERN Document Server

    Shackleford, James; Sharp, Gregory

    2013-01-01

    High Performance Deformable Image Registration Algorithms for Manycore Processors develops highly data-parallel image registration algorithms suitable for use on modern multi-core architectures, including graphics processing units (GPUs). Focusing on deformable registration, we show how to develop data-parallel versions of the registration algorithm suitable for execution on the GPU. Image registration is the process of aligning two or more images into a common coordinate frame and is a fundamental step to be able to compare or fuse data obtained from different sensor measurements. E

  9. Image Segmentation, Registration, Compression, and Matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadegar, Jacob; Wei, Hai; Yadegar, Joseph; Ray, Nilanjan; Zabuawala, Sakina

    2011-01-01

    A novel computational framework was developed of a 2D affine invariant matching exploiting a parameter space. Named as affine invariant parameter space (AIPS), the technique can be applied to many image-processing and computer-vision problems, including image registration, template matching, and object tracking from image sequence. The AIPS is formed by the parameters in an affine combination of a set of feature points in the image plane. In cases where the entire image can be assumed to have undergone a single affine transformation, the new AIPS match metric and matching framework becomes very effective (compared with the state-of-the-art methods at the time of this reporting). No knowledge about scaling or any other transformation parameters need to be known a priori to apply the AIPS framework. An automated suite of software tools has been created to provide accurate image segmentation (for data cleaning) and high-quality 2D image and 3D surface registration (for fusing multi-resolution terrain, image, and map data). These tools are capable of supporting existing GIS toolkits already in the marketplace, and will also be usable in a stand-alone fashion. The toolkit applies novel algorithmic approaches for image segmentation, feature extraction, and registration of 2D imagery and 3D surface data, which supports first-pass, batched, fully automatic feature extraction (for segmentation), and registration. A hierarchical and adaptive approach is taken for achieving automatic feature extraction, segmentation, and registration. Surface registration is the process of aligning two (or more) data sets to a common coordinate system, during which the transformation between their different coordinate systems is determined. Also developed here are a novel, volumetric surface modeling and compression technique that provide both quality-guaranteed mesh surface approximations and compaction of the model sizes by efficiently coding the geometry and connectivity

  10. Scaling registration of multiview range scans via motion averaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Jihua; Zhu, Li; Jiang, Zutao; Li, Zhongyu; Li, Chen; Zhang, Fan

    2016-07-01

    Three-dimensional modeling of scene or object requires registration of multiple range scans, which are obtained by range sensor from different viewpoints. An approach is proposed for scaling registration of multiview range scans via motion averaging. First, it presents a method to estimate overlap percentages of all scan pairs involved in multiview registration. Then, a variant of iterative closest point algorithm is presented to calculate relative motions (scaling transformations) for these scan pairs, which contain high overlap percentages. Subsequently, the proposed motion averaging algorithm can transform these relative motions into global motions of multiview registration. In addition, it also introduces the parallel computation to increase the efficiency of multiview registration. Furthermore, it presents the error criterion for accuracy evaluation of multiview registration result, which can make it easy to compare results of different multiview registration approaches. Experimental results carried out with public available datasets demonstrate its superiority over related approaches.

  11. Nonrigid registration of volumetric images using ranked order statistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tennakoon, Ruwan; Bab-Hadiashar, Alireza; Cao, Zhenwei

    2014-01-01

    Non-rigid image registration techniques using intensity based similarity measures are widely used in medical imaging applications. Due to high computational complexities of these techniques, particularly for volumetric images, finding appropriate registration methods to both reduce the computation...... burden and increase the registration accuracy has become an intensive area of research. In this paper we propose a fast and accurate non-rigid registration method for intra-modality volumetric images. Our approach exploits the information provided by an order statistics based segmentation method, to find...... the important regions for registration and use an appropriate sampling scheme to target those areas and reduce the registration computation time. A unique advantage of the proposed method is its ability to identify the point of diminishing returns and stop the registration process. Our experiments...

  12. Hospital Registration Process Reengineering Using Simulation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Su

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available With increasing competition, many healthcare organizations have undergone tremendous reform in the last decade aiming to increase efficiency, decrease waste, and reshape the way that care is delivered. This study focuses on the operational efficiency improvement of hospital’s registration process. The operational efficiency related factors including the service process, queue strategy, and queue parameters were explored systematically and illustrated with a case study. Guided by the principle of business process reengineering (BPR, a simulation approach was employed for process redesign and performance optimization. As a result, the queue strategy is changed from multiple queues and multiple servers to single queue and multiple servers with a prepare queue. Furthermore, through a series of simulation experiments, the length of the prepare queue and the corresponding registration process efficiency was quantitatively evaluated and optimized.

  13. Fast rigid registration in radiation therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Ulrich; Hesser, Jürgen; Walter, Cornelia; Dobler, Barbara; Lohr, Frank; Wenz, Frederik

    2006-01-01

    Based on a stochastic mutual information type matching and RPROP as stochastic optimizer, an interactive image-based registration of a CT volume onto two 2D images provided by a megavoltage system is presented. The matching process is based on semi-automatic pre-segmentation, an approximate 2D-2D matching with precomputed virtual projections (DRRs) followed by an accurate 3D-2D matching step. Our sample-based approach requires only a fraction of computed DRRs for 3D-2D. A simultaneous computation of the DRR rays and their perturbations in 6 dimensions speeds up the rendering process by a factor of 6.8. The complete registration process takes 5.6 +/- 2.3 seconds on a 3 GHz Pentium IV PC, being the fastest non-parallel approach for this sort of application the authors are aware of.

  14. Trials registration: a new era in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulvichit, Kittisak; Tulvatana, Wasee; Thinkhamrop, Bandit; Tatsanavivat, Pyatat

    2013-10-01

    Registration of clinical trials or research can result in many benefits. Patients have access to pertinent information. We have a better and more indicative picture of research status in areas where registration is mandatory. Researchers can use the information to form a common interest group and collaborate their research as well as to avoid unnecessary duplication. Registered information can also enable detection of defective design and can lead to improvements of trial protocol or its implementation. Most importantly, it can help to reduce problems of publication bias and selective reporting. Journals do not like to publish negative or inconclusive results. Pharmaceutical companies are reluctant to report results that may jeopardize their revenue. We need absolute transparency to utilize evidence with trust.

  15. Image registration method for medical image sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Timothy F.; Goddard, James S.

    2013-03-26

    Image registration of low contrast image sequences is provided. In one aspect, a desired region of an image is automatically segmented and only the desired region is registered. Active contours and adaptive thresholding of intensity or edge information may be used to segment the desired regions. A transform function is defined to register the segmented region, and sub-pixel information may be determined using one or more interpolation methods.

  16. Rectification and Registration of Remotely Sensed Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS The Aerospace Corporation El Segundo, Calif. 90245 I1. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE Space...registered directly because of differ- ences in viewing conditions, and because of radiometric and geometrical dis- tortions (warping). A preprocessing...or "unwarping" of the image data before registration and information extraction, in the form of geometric and radiometric corrections and data

  17. Algorithm for Fast Registration of Radar Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subrata Rakshit

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Radar imagery provides an all-weather and 24 h coverage, making it ideal for critical defence applications. In some applications, multiple images acquired of an area need to be registered for further processing. Such situations arise for battlefield surveillance based on satellite imagery. The registration has to be done between an earlier (reference image and a new (live image. For automated surveillance, registration is a prerequisite for change detection. Speed is essential due to large volumes of data involved and the need for quick responses. The registration transformation is quite simple, being mainly a global translation. (Scale and rotation corrections can be applied based on known camera parameters. The challenge lies in the fact that the radar images are not as feature-rich as optical images and the image content variation can be as high as 90 per cent. Even though the change on the ground may not be drastic, seasonal variations can significantly alter the radar signatures of ground, vegetation, and water bodies. This necessitates a novel approach different from the techniques developed for optical images. An algorithm has been developed that leads to fast registration of radar images, even in the presence of specular noise and significant scene content variation. The key features of this approach are adaptability to sensor/terrain types, ability to handle large content variations and false positive rejection. The present work shows that this algorithm allows for various cost-performance trade-offs, making it suitable for a wide variety of applications. The algorithm, in various cost-performance configurations, is tested on a set of ERS images. Results of such tests have been reported, indicating the performance of the algorithm for various cost-performance trade-offs.

  18. Automated image registration for FDOPA PET studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Kang-Ping; Huang, Sung-Cheng; Yu, Dan-Chu; Melega, William; Barrio, Jorge R.; Phelps, Michael E.

    1996-12-01

    In this study, various image registration methods are investigated for their suitability for registration of L-6-[18F]-fluoro-DOPA (FDOPA) PET images. Five different optimization criteria including sum of absolute difference (SAD), mean square difference (MSD), cross-correlation coefficient (CC), standard deviation of pixel ratio (SDPR), and stochastic sign change (SSC) were implemented and Powell's algorithm was used to optimize the criteria. The optimization criteria were calculated either unidirectionally (i.e. only evaluating the criteria for comparing the resliced image 1 with the original image 2) or bidirectionally (i.e. averaging the criteria for comparing the resliced image 1 with the original image 2 and those for the sliced image 2 with the original image 1). Monkey FDOPA images taken at various known orientations were used to evaluate the accuracy of different methods. A set of human FDOPA dynamic images was used to investigate the ability of the methods for correcting subject movement. It was found that a large improvement in performance resulted when bidirectional rather than unidirectional criteria were used. Overall, the SAD, MSD and SDPR methods were found to be comparable in performance and were suitable for registering FDOPA images. The MSD method gave more adequate results for frame-to-frame image registration for correcting subject movement during a dynamic FDOPA study. The utility of the registration method is further demonstrated by registering FDOPA images in monkeys before and after amphetamine injection to reveal more clearly the changes in spatial distribution of FDOPA due to the drug intervention.

  19. Registration and rectification needs of geology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, P. S., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Geologic applications of remotely sensed imaging encompass five areas of interest. The five areas include: (1) enhancement and analysis of individual images; (2) work with small area mosaics of imagery which have been map projection rectified to individual quadrangles; (3) development of large area mosaics of multiple images for several counties or states; (4) registration of multitemporal images; and (5) data integration from several sensors and map sources. Examples for each of these types of applications are summarized.

  20. Canny edge-based deformable image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, Vasant; Huang, Yihui; Mao, Weihua; Yuan, Baohong; Tang, Liping

    2017-02-01

    This work focuses on developing a 2D Canny edge-based deformable image registration (Canny DIR) algorithm to register in vivo white light images taken at various time points. This method uses a sparse interpolation deformation algorithm to sparsely register regions of the image with strong edge information. A stability criterion is enforced which removes regions of edges that do not deform in a smooth uniform manner. Using a synthetic mouse surface ground truth model, the accuracy of the Canny DIR algorithm was evaluated under axial rotation in the presence of deformation. The accuracy was also tested using fluorescent dye injections, which were then used for gamma analysis to establish a second ground truth. The results indicate that the Canny DIR algorithm performs better than rigid registration, intensity corrected Demons, and distinctive features for all evaluation matrices and ground truth scenarios. In conclusion Canny DIR performs well in the presence of the unique lighting and shading variations associated with white-light-based image registration.

  1. Surface driven biomechanical breast image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eiben, Björn; Vavourakis, Vasileios; Hipwell, John H.; Kabus, Sven; Lorenz, Cristian; Buelow, Thomas; Williams, Norman R.; Keshtgar, M.; Hawkes, David J.

    2016-03-01

    Biomechanical modelling enables large deformation simulations of breast tissues under different loading conditions to be performed. Such simulations can be utilised to transform prone Magnetic Resonance (MR) images into a different patient position, such as upright or supine. We present a novel integration of biomechanical modelling with a surface registration algorithm which optimises the unknown material parameters of a biomechanical model and performs a subsequent regularised surface alignment. This allows deformations induced by effects other than gravity, such as those due to contact of the breast and MR coil, to be reversed. Correction displacements are applied to the biomechanical model enabling transformation of the original pre-surgical images to the corresponding target position. The algorithm is evaluated for the prone-to-supine case using prone MR images and the skin outline of supine Computed Tomography (CT) scans for three patients. A mean target registration error (TRE) of 10:9 mm for internal structures is achieved. For the prone-to-upright scenario, an optical 3D surface scan of one patient is used as a registration target and the nipple distances after alignment between the transformed MRI and the surface are 10:1 mm and 6:3 mm respectively.

  2. Automated landmark-guided deformable image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, Vasant; Chen, Susie; Gu, Xuejun; Chiu, Tsuicheng; Liu, Honghuan; Jiang, Lan; Wang, Jing; Yordy, John; Nedzi, Lucien; Mao, Weihua

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to develop an automated landmark-guided deformable image registration (LDIR) algorithm between the planning CT and daily cone-beam CT (CBCT) with low image quality. This method uses an automated landmark generation algorithm in conjunction with a local small volume gradient matching search engine to map corresponding landmarks between the CBCT and the planning CT. The landmarks act as stabilizing control points in the following Demons deformable image registration. LDIR is implemented on graphics processing units (GPUs) for parallel computation to achieve ultra fast calculation. The accuracy of the LDIR algorithm has been evaluated on a synthetic case in the presence of different noise levels and data of six head and neck cancer patients. The results indicate that LDIR performed better than rigid registration, Demons, and intensity corrected Demons for all similarity metrics used. In conclusion, LDIR achieves high accuracy in the presence of multimodality intensity mismatch and CBCT noise contamination, while simultaneously preserving high computational efficiency.

  3. Optimized imaging using non-rigid registration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berkels, Benjamin, E-mail: berkels@aices.rwth-aachen.de [Interdisciplinary Mathematics Institute, 1523 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Binev, Peter, E-mail: binev@math.sc.edu [Interdisciplinary Mathematics Institute, 1523 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Department of Mathematics, 1523 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Blom, Douglas A., E-mail: doug.blom@sc.edu [NanoCenter, 1212 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Dahmen, Wolfgang, E-mail: dahmen@igpm.rwth-aachen.de [Interdisciplinary Mathematics Institute, 1523 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Institut für Geometrie und Praktische Mathematik, RWTH Aachen, Templergraben 55, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Sharpley, Robert C., E-mail: rcsharpley@gmail.com [Interdisciplinary Mathematics Institute, 1523 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Department of Mathematics, 1523 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Vogt, Thomas, E-mail: tvogt@mailbox.sc.edu [Interdisciplinary Mathematics Institute, 1523 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); NanoCenter, 1212 Greene Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 631 Sumter Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States)

    2014-03-01

    The extraordinary improvements of modern imaging devices offer access to data with unprecedented information content. However, widely used image processing methodologies fall far short of exploiting the full breadth of information offered by numerous types of scanning probe, optical, and electron microscopies. In many applications, it is necessary to keep measurement intensities below a desired threshold. We propose a methodology for extracting an increased level of information by processing a series of data sets suffering, in particular, from high degree of spatial uncertainty caused by complex multiscale motion during the acquisition process. An important role is played by a non-rigid pixel-wise registration method that can cope with low signal-to-noise ratios. This is accompanied by formulating objective quality measures which replace human intervention and visual inspection in the processing chain. Scanning transmission electron microscopy of siliceous zeolite material exhibits the above-mentioned obstructions and therefore serves as orientation and a test of our procedures. - Highlights: • Developed a new process for extracting more information from a series of STEM images. • An objective non-rigid registration process copes with distortions. • Images of zeolite Y show retrieval of all information available from the data set. • Quantitative measures of registration quality were implemented. • Applicable to any serially acquired data, e.g. STM, AFM, STXM, etc.

  4. China's Actions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ China's National Development and Reform Commission publicized the country's policies and actions for addressing climate change in a report released on November 26,2009.The report highlighted China's efforts in cutting greenhouse gas emissions in 2009 by: (1)Rigorously checking the blind expansion of its energy-and pollution-intensive industries.

  5. Discussion on Registration Validity Doctrine of Housing Land Use Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenli; YU

    2013-01-01

    Relationship between the registration and right change of housing land use right is not clearly stipulated in the Property Law. Land registration involves functions of private law and public law. It is partial to only considering private rights dimension when deciding whether registration validity doctrine or registration confrontation doctrine should be implemented in housing land use right. Compilation of land use planning, implementation of land use control and promotion of arrangement project in rural residential area all rely on sound and complete housing land registration data. To clarify housing land right adscription, eliminate hidden troubles causing housing land dispute and promote the establishment of harmonious countryside can never be achieved without housing land registration data. To carry out registration validity doctrine of housing land use right can effectively guide farmers’ registration behavior and thus build a perfect registration information system of housing land use right. After the cross-village and even cross-town arrangement in rural residential areas, rural acquaintance society has transformed into semi-acquaintance society and even stranger society. Therefore, housing land use right commending its existence with registration in public form has been a necessary choice in legislation.

  6. Image Classifying Registration and Dynamic Region Merging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himadri Nath Moulick

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we address a complex image registration issue arising when the dependencies between intensities of images to be registered are not spatially homogeneous. Such a situation is frequentlyencountered in medical imaging when a pathology present in one of the images modifies locally intensity dependencies observed on normal tissues. Usual image registration models, which are based on a single global intensity similarity criterion, fail to register such images, as they are blind to local deviations of intensity dependencies. Such a limitation is also encountered in contrast enhanced images where there exist multiple pixel classes having different properties of contrast agent absorption. In this paper, we propose a new model in which the similarity criterion is adapted locally to images by classification of image intensity dependencies. Defined in a Bayesian framework, the similarity criterion is a mixture of probability distributions describing dependencies on two classes. The model also includes a class map which locates pixels of the two classes and weights the two mixture components. The registration problem is formulated both as an energy minimization problem and as a Maximum A Posteriori (MAP estimation problem. It is solved using a gradient descent algorithm. In the problem formulation and resolution, the image deformation and the class map are estimated at the same time, leading to an original combination of registration and classification that we call image classifying registration. Whenever sufficient information about class location is available in applications, the registration can also be performed on its own by fixing a given class map. Finally, we illustrate the interest of our model on two real applications from medical imaging: template-based segmentation of contrast-enhanced images and lesion detection in mammograms. We also conduct an evaluation of our model on simulated medical data and show its ability to take into

  7. Geometrical analysis of registration errors in point-based rigid-body registration using invariants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamir, Reuben R; Joskowicz, Leo

    2011-02-01

    Point-based rigid registration is the method of choice for aligning medical datasets in diagnostic and image-guided surgery systems. The most clinically relevant localization error measure is the Target Registration Error (TRE), which is the distance between the image-defined target and the corresponding target defined on another image or on the physical anatomy after registration. The TRE directly depends on the Fiducial Localization Error (FLE), which is the discrepancy between the selected and the actual (unknown) fiducial locations. Since the actual locations of targets usually cannot be measured after registration, the TRE is often estimated by the Fiducial Registration Error (FRE), which is the RMS distance between the fiducials in both datasets after registration, or with Fitzpatrick's TRE (FTRE) formula. However, low FRE-TRE and FTRE-TRE correlations have been reported in clinical practice and in theoretical studies. In this article, we show that for realistic FLE classes, the TRE and the FRE are uncorrelated, regardless of the target location and the number of fiducials and their configuration, and regardless of the FLE magnitude distribution. We use a geometrical approach and classical invariant theory to model the FLE and derive its relation to the TRE and FRE values. We show that, for these FLE classes, the FTRE and TRE are also uncorrelated. Finally, we show with simulations on clinical data that the FRE-TRE correlation is low also in the neighborhood of the FLE-FRE invariant classes. Consequently, and contrary to common practice, the FRE and FTRE may not always be used as surrogates for the TRE.

  8. Intensity-Based Registration for Lung Motion Estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Kunlin; Ding, Kai; Amelon, Ryan E.; Du, Kaifang; Reinhardt, Joseph M.; Raghavan, Madhavan L.; Christensen, Gary E.

    Image registration plays an important role within pulmonary image analysis. The task of registration is to find the spatial mapping that brings two images into alignment. Registration algorithms designed for matching 4D lung scans or two 3D scans acquired at different inflation levels can catch the temporal changes in position and shape of the region of interest. Accurate registration is critical to post-analysis of lung mechanics and motion estimation. In this chapter, we discuss lung-specific adaptations of intensity-based registration methods for 3D/4D lung images and review approaches for assessing registration accuracy. Then we introduce methods for estimating tissue motion and studying lung mechanics. Finally, we discuss methods for assessing and quantifying specific volume change, specific ventilation, strain/ stretch information and lobar sliding.

  9. COMPARISON OF VOLUMETRIC REGISTRATION ALGORITHMS FOR TENSOR-BASED MORPHOMETRY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalon, Julio; Joshi, Anand A.; Toga, Arthur W.; Thompson, Paul M.

    2015-01-01

    Nonlinear registration of brain MRI scans is often used to quantify morphological differences associated with disease or genetic factors. Recently, surface-guided fully 3D volumetric registrations have been developed that combine intensity-guided volume registrations with cortical surface constraints. In this paper, we compare one such algorithm to two popular high-dimensional volumetric registration methods: large-deformation viscous fluid registration, formulated in a Riemannian framework, and the diffeomorphic “Demons” algorithm. We performed an objective morphometric comparison, by using a large MRI dataset from 340 young adult twin subjects to examine 3D patterns of correlations in anatomical volumes. Surface-constrained volume registration gave greater effect sizes for detecting morphometric associations near the cortex, while the other two approaches gave greater effects sizes subcortically. These findings suggest novel ways to combine the advantages of multiple methods in the future. PMID:26925198

  10. Registration of clinical trials: Is it really needed?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameer Aslam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Withholding findings of clinical trials for publication or presentation to the regulatory authorities is a major concern. We aimed to address the importance of clinical trial registration and whether it is needed or not. Discussion: For ethical conduct of clinical trial, registration is an important but debatable issue due to proprietary interest of the pharmaceutical industry. Over the years, investigating agencies uncovered several instances of misconduct during the clinical trial. The International committee of medical journal editors requires registration of trial methodology, but does not require registration of trial results; however, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Amendments does require researchers to register results. Conclusion: Prospective registration of clinical trial is mandatory for more transparent research and sustaining the validity of evidence based practice and availability of reliable data. Clinical trials registration has the potential to contribute substantially to improve clinical trial transparency and reducing publication bias and selective reporting.

  11. Iterative Refinement of Transformation Parameters for Image Registration

    OpenAIRE

    Jharna Majumdar; B. Vanathy; S. Lekshmi

    2010-01-01

    Image registration is an important process in high-level image interpretation systems developed for civilian and defense applications. Registration is carried out in two phases: namely feature extraction and feature correspondence. The basic building block of feature based image registration scheme involves matching feature points that are extracted from a sensed image to their counter parts in the reference image. Features may be control points, corners, junctions or interest points. The obj...

  12. 3D Registration of Real Property in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoter, Jantien; Sørensen, Esben Munk; Bodum, Lars

    2004-01-01

    Real property in the physical world is in three dimensions. Until today registration of properties has always been done in one dimension (text) or two dimensions (cadastral maps). Accessible technologies for describing and measuring registration and communication have been used. Facing three...... in the understanding of the three dimensions of real property and spatial legal objects. Finally, the need for 3D registration is discussed....

  13. Automatic registration of serial mammary gland sections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arganda-Carreras, Ignacio; Fernandez-Gonzalez, Rodrigo; Ortiz-de-Solorzano, Carlos

    2004-04-13

    We present two new methods for automatic registration of microscope images of consecutive tissue sections. They represent two possibilities for the first step in the 3-D reconstruction of histological structures from serially sectioned tissue blocks. The goal is to accurately align the sections in order to place every relevant shape contained in each image in front of its corresponding shape in the following section before detecting the structures of interest and rendering them in 3D. This is accomplished by finding the best rigid body transformation (translation and rotation) of the image being registered by maximizing a matching function based on the image content correlation. The first method makes use of the entire image information, whereas the second one uses only the information located at specific sites, as determined by the segmentation of the most relevant tissue structures. To reduce computing time, we use a multiresolution pyramidal approach that reaches the best registration transformation in increasing resolution steps. In each step, a subsampled version of the images is used. Both methods rely on a binary image which is a thresholded version of the Sobel gradients of the image (first method) or a set of boundaries manually or automatically obtained that define important histological structures of the sections. Then distance-transform of the binary image is computed. A proximity function is then calculated between the distance image of the image being registered and that of the reference image. The transformation providing a maximum of the proximity function is then used as the starting point of the following step. This is iterated until the registration error lies below a minimum value.

  14. Corneal topography matching by iterative registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Junjie; Elsheikh, Ahmed; Davey, Pinakin G; Wang, Weizhuo; Bao, Fangjun; Mottershead, John E

    2014-11-01

    Videokeratography is used for the measurement of corneal topography in overlapping portions (or maps) which must later be joined together to form the overall topography of the cornea. The separate portions are measured from different viewpoints and therefore must be brought together by registration of measurement points in the regions of overlap. The central map is generally the most accurate, but all maps are measured with uncertainty that increases towards the periphery. It becomes the reference (or static) map, and the peripheral (or dynamic) maps must then be transformed by rotation and translation so that the overlapping portions are matched. The process known as registration, of determining the necessary transformation, is a well-understood procedure in image analysis and has been applied in several areas of science and engineering. In this article, direct search optimisation using the Nelder-Mead algorithm and several variants of the iterative closest/corresponding point routine are explained and applied to simulated and real clinical data. The measurement points on the static and dynamic maps are generally different so that it becomes necessary to interpolate, which is done using a truncated series of Zernike polynomials. The point-to-plane iterative closest/corresponding point variant has the advantage of releasing certain optimisation constraints that lead to persistent registration and alignment errors when other approaches are used. The point-to-plane iterative closest/corresponding point routine is found to be robust to measurement noise, insensitive to starting values of the transformation parameters and produces high-quality results when using real clinical data.

  15. Vertebral surface registration using ridgelines/crestlines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Sovira; Yao, Jianhua; Yao, Lawrence; Summers, Ronald M.; Ward, Michael M.

    2008-03-01

    The Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm is an efficient and popular technique for surface registration. It however suffers from the well-known problem of local minima that make the algorithm stop before it reaches the desired global solution. ICP can be improved by the use of landmarks or features. We recently developed a level set capable of evolving on the surface of an object represented by a triangular mesh. This level set permits the segmentation of portions of a surface based on curvature features. The boundary of a segmented portion forms a ridgeline/crestline. We show that the ridgelines/crestlines and corresponding enclosed surfaces extracted by the algorithm can substantially improve ICP registration. We compared the performance of an ICP algorithm in three setups: 1) ICP without landmarks. 2) ICP using ridgelines. 3) ICP using ridgelines and corresponding enclosed surfaces. Our material consists of vertebral body surfaces extracted for a study about the progression of Ankylosing Spondylitis. Same vertebrae scanned at intervals of one or two years were rigidly registered. Vertebral body rims and the end plate surfaces they enclose were used as landmarks. The performance measure was the mean error distance between the registered surfaces. From the one hundred registrations that we performed the average mean error was respectively 0.503mm, 0.335mm and 0.254mm for the three setups. Setup 3 almost halved the average error of setup 1. Moreover the error range is dramatically reduced from [0.0985, 2.19]mm to just [0.0865, 0.532]mm, making the algorithm very robust.

  16. Real-time automatic registration in optical surgical navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Qinyong; Yang, Rongqian; Cai, Ken; Si, Xuan; Chen, Xiuwen; Wu, Xiaoming

    2016-05-01

    An image-guided surgical navigation system requires the improvement of the patient-to-image registration time to enhance the convenience of the registration procedure. A critical step in achieving this aim is performing a fully automatic patient-to-image registration. This study reports on a design of custom fiducial markers and the performance of a real-time automatic patient-to-image registration method using these markers on the basis of an optical tracking system for rigid anatomy. The custom fiducial markers are designed to be automatically localized in both patient and image spaces. An automatic localization method is performed by registering a point cloud sampled from the three dimensional (3D) pedestal model surface of a fiducial marker to each pedestal of fiducial markers searched in image space. A head phantom is constructed to estimate the performance of the real-time automatic registration method under four fiducial configurations. The head phantom experimental results demonstrate that the real-time automatic registration method is more convenient, rapid, and accurate than the manual method. The time required for each registration is approximately 0.1 s. The automatic localization method precisely localizes the fiducial markers in image space. The averaged target registration error for the four configurations is approximately 0.7 mm. The automatic registration performance is independent of the positions relative to the tracking system and the movement of the patient during the operation.

  17. A framework for shape matching in deformable image registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noe, Karsten Østergaard; Mosegaard, Jesper; Tanderup, Kari

    2008-01-01

    Many existing image registration methods have difficulties in accurately describing significant rotation and bending of entities (e.g. organs) between two datasets. A common problem in this case is to ensure that the resulting registration is physically plausible, i.e. that the registration...... describes the actual bending/rotation occurring rather than just introducing expansion in some areas and shrinkage in others. In this work we developed a general framework for deformable image registration of two 3D datasets that alleviates this problem. To ensure that only physically feasible and plausible...

  18. Hierarchical Non-linear Image Registration Integrating Deformable Segmentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RAN Xin; QI Fei-hu

    2005-01-01

    A hierarchical non-linear method for image registration was presented, which integrates image segmentation and registration under a variational framework. An improved deformable model is used to simultaneously segment and register feature from multiple images. The objects in the image pair are segmented by evolving a single contour and meanwhile the parameters of affine registration transformation are found out. After that, a contour-constrained elastic registration is applied to register the images correctly. The experimental results indicate that the proposed approach is effective to segment and register medical images.

  19. Deformable Registration of MR Brains with Best Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Guo-rong; QI Fei-hu; SHI Yong-hong; LUAN Hong-xia

    2006-01-01

    A learning-based deformable registration method was presented for MR brain images. First, best geometric features are selected for each location and each resolution, in order to reduce ambiguity in matching during image registration. The best features are obtained by solving an energy minimization problem, which requires the features to be distinctive around the neighboring points and consistency across training samples. Secondly, the set of active points is hierarchically selected based on their saliency and consistency measurements during registration,which helps to produce accurate registration results. Finally, by incorporating those learned results into the framework of HAMMER, great improvement in both real data and simulated data is achieved.

  20. FEMA Registration Intake and Individuals Household Program - API

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The dataset is composed of Registration Intake and Individuals and Households Program (IHP) Information from the Individual Assistance (IA) reporting authority where...

  1. Accelerating Neuroimage Registration through Parallel Computation of Similarity Metric.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Gang Luo

    Full Text Available Neuroimage registration is crucial for brain morphometric analysis and treatment efficacy evaluation. However, existing advanced registration algorithms such as FLIRT and ANTs are not efficient enough for clinical use. In this paper, a GPU implementation of FLIRT with the correlation ratio (CR as the similarity metric and a GPU accelerated correlation coefficient (CC calculation for the symmetric diffeomorphic registration of ANTs have been developed. The comparison with their corresponding original tools shows that our accelerated algorithms can greatly outperform the original algorithm in terms of computational efficiency. This paper demonstrates the great potential of applying these registration tools in clinical applications.

  2. Piecewise nonlinear image registration using DCT basis functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Lin; Agam, Gady

    2015-03-01

    The deformation field in nonlinear image registration is usually modeled by a global model. Such models are often faced with the problem that a locally complex deformation cannot be accurately modeled by simply increasing degrees of freedom (DOF). In addition, highly complex models require additional regularization which is usually ineffective when applied globally. Registering locally corresponding regions addresses this problem in a divide and conquer strategy. In this paper we propose a piecewise image registration approach using Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) basis functions for a nonlinear model. The contributions of this paper are three-folds. First, we develop a multi-level piecewise registration framework that extends the concept of piecewise linear registration and works with any nonlinear deformation model. This framework is then applied to nonlinear DCT registration. Second, we show how adaptive model complexity and regularization could be applied for local piece registration, thus accounting for higher variability. Third, we show how the proposed piecewise DCT can overcome the fundamental problem of a large curvature matrix inversion in global DCT when using high degrees of freedoms. The proposed approach can be viewed as an extension of global DCT registration where the overall model complexity is increased while achieving effective local regularization. Experimental evaluation results provide comparison of the proposed approach to piecewise linear registration using an affine transformation model and a global nonlinear registration using DCT model. Preliminary results show that the proposed approach achieves improved performance.

  3. 3D/2D Registration of medical images

    OpenAIRE

    Tomaževič, D.

    2008-01-01

    The topic of this doctoral dissertation is registration of 3D medical images to corresponding projective 2D images, referred to as 3D/2D registration. There are numerous possible applications of 3D/2D registration in image-aided diagnosis and treatment. In most of the applications, 3D/2D registration provides the location and orientation of the structures in a preoperative 3D CT or MR image with respect to intraoperative 2D X-ray images. The proposed doctoral dissertation tries to find origin...

  4. Efficient Variational Approaches for Deformable Registration of Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Ali Akinlar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dirichlet, anisotropic, and Huber regularization terms are presented for efficient registration of deformable images. Image registration, an ill-posed optimization problem, is solved using a gradient-descent-based method and some fundamental theorems in calculus of variations. Euler-Lagrange equations with homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions are obtained. These equations are discretized by multigrid and finite difference numerical techniques. The method is applied to the registration of brain MR images of size 65×65. Computational results indicate that the presented method is quite fast and efficient in the registration of deformable medical images.

  5. Collaborative Error Registration Algorithm for Radar System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Ze-min; REN Shu-jie; LIU Xi

    2009-01-01

    Affected by common target selection, target motion estimation and time alignment, the radar system error registration algorithm is greatly limited in application. By using communication and time synchronization function of a data link network, a collaborative algorithm is proposed, which makes use of a virtual coordinates constructed by airplane to get high precision measurement source and realize effective estimation of the system error. This algorithm is based on Kalman filter and does not require high capacities in memory and calculation. Simulated results show that the algorithm has better convergence performance and estimation precision, no constrain on sampling period and accords with transfer characteristic of data link and tactical internet perfectly.

  6. Evaluation of registration methods on thoracic CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Murphy, K.; van Ginneken, B.; Reinhardt, J.

    2011-01-01

    . This is compounded by the fact that researchers typically test only on their own data, which varies widely. For this reason, reliable assessment and comparison of different registration algorithms has been virtually impossible in the past. In this work we present the results of the launch phase of EMPIRE10, which...... method and the evaluation is independent, using the same criteria for all participants. All results are published on the EMPIRE10 website (http://empire10.isi.uu.nl). The challenge remains ongoing and open to new participants. Full results from 24 algorithms have been published at the time of writing...

  7. Predictors of Support for Juvenile Sex Offender Registration: Educated Individuals Recognize the Flaws of Juvenile Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Margaret C.; Smith, Amy C.; Sekely, Ady; Farnum, Katlyn S.

    2013-01-01

    We investigated demographic predictors of support for juvenile sex offender registration policies, including education level, gender, political orientation, and age. Participants were 168 individuals recruited from public places in a Midwest community (45% women; M age = 42). In line with hypotheses, as education level increased, support for…

  8. Implementing reflection: insights from pre-registration mental health students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Moira O

    2007-08-01

    Reflection and reflective practice continues to be contentious issues in nursing. The focus of this article is the use of reflection by pre-registration mental health students. The broad aim of this preliminary study was to discover student mental health nurses' perceptions of reflection as a learning strategy during clinical placement. Using a constructivist grounded theory methodology [Charmaz, K., 2000. Grounded theory: Objectivist and Constructivist Methods. In: Denzin, N., Lincoln, Y. (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research, second ed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, California], five students were interviewed individually in their clinical placements. Data analysis revealed three major categories: understanding the process of reflection, using reflection in clinical practice, and needing support and guidance. Findings indicated that students were primarily using reflection-on-action, but to varying extents. Overall, students felt that reflection facilitated their learning. Factors were discovered that both helped and hindered students' use of reflection. These included level of preparation to reflect, a limited culture of reflection and the level of support from preceptors, clinical staff, clinical placement co-ordinators, and lecturers. In conclusion, it appears that a collaborative approach between students, Health Service Providers and institutes of nursing is vital for the successful development and implementation of reflective learning strategies in clinical placement. Suggestions are made as to how a collaborative approach may be developed to enhance this process.

  9. Swart perspektiewe op affirmative action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobus Smit

    1992-03-01

    Full Text Available Affirmative action embodies a model of compensatory justice which aims al counteracting Discrimination on account of race, colour, sex or creed. This article focuses on race because it has had a devastating effect on blacks in South Africa. The author tries to evaluate the moral merits of affirmative action. An analysis of the ideas of black American conservatives and a South African academic of a perhaps more liberal mind, is used as a means of questioning the widely prevalent liberal legacy. By highlighting its pretensions and inconsistencies a picture of the implications of affirmative action for South Africa emerges that is both a threat and a challenge. Equal opportunities d o not necessarily entail equal results. Other factors such as culture, world view and labour ethos should also be taken into account. The "legacy of dignity" (King is incompatible with the victim-status some blacks exploit. Much was done in South Africa before Julv 1991 that could be labelled affirmative action. The scrapping of the Population Registration A ct as the last pillar of apartheid has tremendous implications for the dignity of blacks. But history promises yet a number of traumatic decades of democratization of the South African community. Positively, affirmative action in South Africa will have tofocus on quality education, bridging courses to enable black students to compete on equal footing for admission, on training employees to qualify for special jobs, community upliftment, housing programmes and the improvement of health services. The most urgent need is the cultivation of a common value system.

  10. Reforming the household registration system: a preliminary glimpse of the blue chop household registration system in Shanghai and Shenzhen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, L; Wai-po, H

    1998-01-01

    "For decades, the household registration system has functioned as a powerful device in halting rural influxes into Chinese cities. The exigencies of the reform call for reform of the hukou system [China's household registration]. One of the many attempts is the blue chop household registration system. Both Shanghai and Shenzhen have introduced this practice. In addition to promotion of real estate and investment, it creams off those more desirable migrants into the permanent population of the two cities. In view of the present situation of linking welfare provision with household registration status, this selective migration policy seems to be a sensible step forward."

  11. Comparison of Simultaneous and Sequential Two-View Registration for 3D/2D Registration of Vascular Images

    OpenAIRE

    Pathak, Chetna; Van Horn, Mark; Weeks, Susan; Bullitt, Elizabeth

    2005-01-01

    Accurate 3D/2D vessel registration is complicated by issues of image quality, occlusion, and other problems. This study performs a quantitative comparison of 3D/2D vessel registration in which vessels segmented from preoperative CT or MR are registered with biplane x-ray angiograms by either a) simultaneous two-view registration with advance calculation of the relative pose of the two views, or b) sequential registration with each view. We conclude on the basis of phantom studies that, even i...

  12. Altitude Registration of Limb-Scattered Radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moy, Leslie; Bhartia, Pawan K.; Jaross, Glen; Loughman, Robert; Kramarova, Natalya; Chen, Zhong; Taha, Ghassan; Chen, Grace; Xu, Philippe

    2017-01-01

    One of the largest constraints to the retrieval of accurate ozone profiles from UV backscatter limb sounding sensors is altitude registration. Two methods, the Rayleigh scattering attitude sensing (RSAS) and absolute radiance residual method (ARRM), are able to determine altitude registration to the accuracy necessary for long-term ozone monitoring. The methods compare model calculations of radiances to measured radiances and are independent of onboard tracking devices. RSAS determines absolute altitude errors, but, because the method is susceptible to aerosol interference, it is limited to latitudes and time periods with minimal aerosol contamination. ARRM, a new technique introduced in this paper, can be applied across all seasons and altitudes. However, it is only appropriate for relative altitude error estimates. The application of RSAS to Limb Profiler (LP) measurements from the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) on board the Suomi NPP (SNPP) satellite indicates tangent height (TH) errors greater than 1 km with an absolute accuracy of +/-200 m. Results using ARRM indicate a approx. 300 to 400m intra-orbital TH change varying seasonally +/-100 m, likely due to either errors in the spacecraft pointing or in the geopotential height (GPH) data that we use in our analysis. ARRM shows a change of approx. 200m over 5 years with a relative accuracy (a long-term accuracy) of 100m outside the polar regions.

  13. Coarse Fingerprint Registration Using Orientation Fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yager Neil

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The majority of traditional research into automated fingerprint identification has focused on algorithms using minutiae-based features. However, shortcomings of this approach are becoming apparent due to the difficulty of extracting minutiae points from noisy or low-quality images. Therefore, there has been increasing interest in algorithms based on nonminutiae features in recent years. One vital stage in most fingerprint verification systems is registration, which involves recovering the transformation parameters that align features from each fingerprint. This paper investigates the use of orientation fields for registration; an approach that has the potential to perform robustly for poor-quality images. Three diverse algorithms have been implemented for the task. The first algorithm is based on the generalized Hough transform, and it works by accumulating evidence for transformations in a discretized parameter space. The second algorithm is based on identifying distinctive local orientations, and using these as landmarks for alignment. The final algorithm follows the path of steepest descent in the parameter space to quickly find solutions that are locally optimal. The performance of these three algorithms is evaluated using an FVC2002 dataset.

  14. Accurate pattern registration for integrated circuit tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levine, Zachary H.; Grantham, Steven; Neogi, Suneeta; Frigo, Sean P.; McNulty, Ian; Retsch, Cornelia C.; Wang, Yuxin; Lucatorto, Thomas B.

    2001-07-15

    As part of an effort to develop high resolution microtomography for engineered structures, a two-level copper integrated circuit interconnect was imaged using 1.83 keV x rays at 14 angles employing a full-field Fresnel zone plate microscope. A major requirement for high resolution microtomography is the accurate registration of the reference axes in each of the many views needed for a reconstruction. A reconstruction with 100 nm resolution would require registration accuracy of 30 nm or better. This work demonstrates that even images that have strong interference fringes can be used to obtain accurate fiducials through the use of Radon transforms. We show that we are able to locate the coordinates of the rectilinear circuit patterns to 28 nm. The procedure is validated by agreement between an x-ray parallax measurement of 1.41{+-}0.17 {mu}m and a measurement of 1.58{+-}0.08 {mu}m from a scanning electron microscope image of a cross section.

  15. Development of fluoroscopic registration in spinal neuronavigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbasi, Hamid R.; Grzeszczuk, Robert; Chin, Shao; Holz, H.; Hariri, Sanaz; Badr, Rana; Kim, Daniel; Adler, John R.; Shahidi, Ramin

    2001-05-01

    We present a system involving a computer-instrumented fluoroscope for the purpose of 3D navigation and guidance using pre-operative diagnostic scans as a reference. The goal of the project is to devise a computer-assisted tool that will improve the accuracy, reduce risk, minimize the invasiveness, and shorten the time it takes to perform a variety of neurosurgical and orthopedic procedures of the spine. For this purpose we propose an apparatus that will track surgical tools and localize them with respect to the patient's 3D anatomy and pre-operative 3D diagnostic scans using intraoperative fluoroscopy for in situ registration and localization of embedded fiducials. Preliminary studies have found a fiducial registration error (FRE) of 1.41 mm and a Target Localization Error (TLE) of 0.48 mm. The resulting system leverages equipment already commonly available in the operating room (OR), providing an important new functionality that is free of many current limitations, such as the inadequacy of skin fiducials for spinal neuronavigation, while keeping costs contained.

  16. Action Learning: Avoiding Conflict or Enabling Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corley, Aileen; Thorne, Ann

    2006-01-01

    Action learning is based on the premise that action and learning are inextricably entwined and it is this potential, to enable action, which has contributed to the growth of action learning within education and management development programmes. However has this growth in action learning lead to an evolution or a dilution of Revan's classical…

  17. a Robust Registration Algorithm for Point Clouds from Uav Images for Change Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Rawabdeh, A.; Al-Gurrani, H.; Al-Durgham, K.; Detchev, I.; He, F.; El-Sheimy, N.; Habib, A.

    2016-06-01

    Landslides are among the major threats to urban landscape and manmade infrastructure. They often cause economic losses, property damages, and loss of lives. Temporal monitoring data of landslides from different epochs empowers the evaluation of landslide progression. Alignment of overlapping surfaces from two or more epochs is crucial for the proper analysis of landslide dynamics. The traditional methods for point-cloud-based landslide monitoring rely on using a variation of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) registration procedure to align any reconstructed surfaces from different epochs to a common reference frame. However, sometimes the ICP-based registration can fail or may not provide sufficient accuracy. For example, point clouds from different epochs might fit to local minima due to lack of geometrical variability within the data. Also, manual interaction is required to exclude any non-stable areas from the registration process. In this paper, a robust image-based registration method is introduced for the simultaneous evaluation of all registration parameters. This includes the Interior Orientation Parameters (IOPs) of the camera and the Exterior Orientation Parameters (EOPs) of the involved images from all available observation epochs via a bundle block adjustment with self-calibration. Next, a semi-global dense matching technique is implemented to generate dense 3D point clouds for each epoch using the images captured in a particular epoch separately. The normal distances between any two consecutive point clouds can then be readily computed, because the point clouds are already effectively co-registered. A low-cost DJI Phantom II Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) was customised and used in this research for temporal data collection over an active soil creep area in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. The customisation included adding a GPS logger and a Large-Field-Of-View (LFOV) action camera which facilitated capturing high-resolution geo-tagged images in two epochs

  18. 75 FR 862 - Bacillus subtilis; Registration Review Proposed Decision; Notice of Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-06

    ... AGENCY Bacillus subtilis; Registration Review Proposed Decision; Notice of Availability AGENCY... proposed registration review decision for the pesticide Bacillus subtilis (case 6012) and opens a public... EPA's proposed registration review decision Bacillus subtilis (case 6012). The Bacillus subtilis...

  19. 78 FR 67395 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Registration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ...File system in operation since March 1, 2011, permits registrants to file their registration forms electronically to the FARA Registration Unit, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. FARA eFile is accessed via...

  20. 75 FR 69466 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... 17, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on June 28, 2010, (75 FR 36684), Varian Inc., 25200... considered the factors in 21 U.S.C. 823(a) and determined that the registration of Varian Inc., to... time. DEA has investigated Varian Inc., to ensure that the company's registration is consistent...

  1. 76 FR 4072 - Registration of Claims of Copyright

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... of such photographic databases or of groups of published photographs should contact the Visual Arts..., stock photography agencies have been able to obtain registrations covering all the photographs added to... Visual Arts Division has accepted some online applications for registration of photographic databases...

  2. A Commentary on the Michigan Sex Offender Registration Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Lucinda A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the author's comments on the Michigan sex offender registration article "Family Experiences of Young Adult Sex Offender Registration" (Comartin, Kernsmith, & Miles, 2010). The article is an important piece of research that addresses a much neglected and almost invisible population in the annals of research: the…

  3. A surface-matching technique for robot-assisted registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glozman, D; Shoham, M; Fischer, A

    2001-01-01

    Successful implementation of robot-assisted surgery (RAS) requires coherent integration of spatial image data with sensing and actuating devices, each having its own coordinate system. Hence, accurate estimation of the geometric relationships between relevant reference frames, known as registration, is a crucial procedure in all RAS applications. The purpose of this paper is to present a new registration scheme, along with the results of an experimental evaluation of a robot-assisted registration method for RAS applications in orthopedics. The accuracy of the proposed registration is appropriate for specified orthopedic surgical applications such as Total Knee Replacement. The registration method is based on a surface-matching algorithm that does not require marker implants, thereby reducing surgical invasiveness. Points on the bone surface are sampled by the robot, which in turn directs the surgical tool. This technique eliminates additional coordinate transformations to an external device (such as a digitizer), resulting in increased surgical accuracy. The registration technique was tested on an RSPR six-degrees-of-freedom parallel robot specifically designed for medical applications. A six-axis force sensor attached to the robot's moving platform enables fast and accurate acquisition of positions and surface normal directions at sampled points. Sampling with a robot probe was shown to be accurate, fast, and easy to perform. The whole procedure takes about 2 min, with the robot performing most of the registration procedures, leaving the surgeon's hands free. Robotic registration was shown to provide a flawless link between preoperative planning and robotic assistance during surgery.

  4. A Commentary on the Michigan Sex Offender Registration Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Lucinda A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the author's comments on the Michigan sex offender registration article "Family Experiences of Young Adult Sex Offender Registration" (Comartin, Kernsmith, & Miles, 2010). The article is an important piece of research that addresses a much neglected and almost invisible population in the annals of research: the families of…

  5. Temadag om registrering/katalogisering til Web-katalogen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hanne Hørl; Hammershøi, Lene

    2002-01-01

    Referat fra temadag om registrering/katalogisering til Web-katalogen afholdt af DFs Interessekreds for Registrering på RUC d. 13.marts 2002. Oplægsholdere fra Danmark og England gav deres bud på status og udviklingstendenser for arbejdet med at skabe og forbedre web-baserede bibliotekskataloger...

  6. An Efficacious and Secure Registration for Internet Protocol Mobility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senthil Kumar Mathi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available For the ample development of mobile internet protocol (IP technology and the recurrent movement of a mobile device, it is necessary for the mobile device to inform their home network where initially registered through an efficient and secured procedure against any sort of attacks. The procedure of registration for IP mobility by the portable system must have a better performance by providing a certain level of security, such as authentication, integrity, replay attack protection, and location privacy. All at once, the extreme security in the registration of IP mobility may cause long registration time, principally for real-time systems. This paper mainly deals with a balanced effort for secure and efficient registration procedure which gives better security and efficiency in terms of registration delay. The proposed work provides an easy and fast registration procedure and lessens the registration delay through the usage of an identity based authenticated key exchange scheme that eliminates expensive pairing operations. The proposed protocol is verified by using AVISPA tool. The performance evaluation reveals that the proposed protocol significantly outperforms the existing protocols in terms of the registration delay.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(5, pp.502-507, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.4003

  7. Real Time Surface Registration for PET Motion Tracking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilm, Jakob; Olesen, Oline Vinter; Paulsen, Rasmus Reinhold

    2011-01-01

    to create point clouds representing parts of the patient's face. The movement is estimated by a rigid registration of the point clouds. The registration should be done using a robust algorithm that can handle partial overlap and ideally operate in real time. We present an optimized Iterative Closest Point...

  8. 75 FR 6299 - Registration, Five-Year Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register on December 15, 2008 (73 FR 242), seeking comment..., Packers and Stockyards Administration 9 CFR Part 201 RIN 0580-AB03 Registration, Five-Year Terms AGENCY... rule that does not establish a 5-year term for registrations. The commenter also concluded that...

  9. 75 FR 44287 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated March... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed....33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes...

  10. 75 FR 69463 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled... 1301.33, the above named company is granted ] registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic...

  11. 76 FR 14690 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-17

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic... accordance with 21 CFR 1301.33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of...

  12. 77 FR 7603 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of... above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of...

  13. 76 FR 7234 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of controlled... with 21 CFR Sec. 1301.33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of...

  14. 75 FR 69466 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed... named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of...

  15. 76 FR 30970 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of... named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of...

  16. 76 FR 44359 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of 4-Anilino-N-Phenethyl-4-Piperidine (8333), a... accordance with 21 CFR 1301.33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of...

  17. 76 FR 21916 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-19

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled... company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled...

  18. 76 FR 587 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of... registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: December...

  19. 75 FR 6062 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-05

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances Notice of Registration By Notice dated August... be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed in... named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of...

  20. 75 FR 69467 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed... company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled...

  1. 76 FR 77257 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of Morphine (9300), a basic class of... accordance with 21 CFR 1301.33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of...

  2. 76 FR 77257 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances Notice of Registration By Notice dated August... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of Methamphetamine (1105), a basic class of... registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic class of controlled substance listed. ] Dated: December...

  3. 76 FR 21917 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-19

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of....33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes...

  4. 76 FR 62451 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration By Notice dated June... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of controlled... registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: September...

  5. 76 FR 65750 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of... registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: October...

  6. 75 FR 62570 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-12

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated March... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of methamphetamine (1105), a basic class of... granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic class of controlled substance listed....

  7. 76 FR 8777 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-15

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of controlled substances: Drug Schedule... with 21 CFR 1301.33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of...

  8. 75 FR 20002 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes... 21 CFR 1301.33, the above named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the...

  9. 76 FR 51402 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April... to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following... company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled...

  10. 75 FR 75498 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated May... Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of... named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of...

  11. 76 FR 62451 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated May... Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of Carfentanil (9743), a... named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic class of controlled...

  12. 76 FR 51403 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April... the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following... registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: August...

  13. 75 FR 2160 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-14

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled... named company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of...

  14. 75 FR 65667 - Lincoln Pharmacy; Revocation of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ... Enforcement Administration Lincoln Pharmacy; Revocation of Registration On March 26, 2010, I, the Deputy... Registration (Order) to Lincoln Pharmacy (Respondent), of Edison, New Jersey. The Order proposed the revocation... the following findings. Findings Respondent is a retail pharmacy located at 52 Lincoln Highway,...

  15. 32 CFR 263.4 - Registration of vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Registration of vehicles. 263.4 Section 263.4...) MISCELLANEOUS TRAFFIC AND VEHICLE CONTROL ON CERTAIN DEFENSE MAPPING AGENCY SITES § 263.4 Registration of vehicles. (a) Newly assigned or employed individuals who intend to operate a privately-owned vehicle at...

  16. 15 CFR 296.7 - Joint venture registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint venture registration. 296.7 Section 296.7 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade NATIONAL... PROGRAM General § 296.7 Joint venture registration. Joint ventures selected for assistance under...

  17. Learning-Based Approaches to Deformable Image Registration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Munzing, S.E.A.

    2014-01-01

    Accurate registration of images is an important and often crucial step in many areas of image processing and analysis, yet it is only used in a small percentage of possible applications. Automated registration methods are not considered to be sufficiently robust to handle complex deformations and lo

  18. 37 CFR 1.293 - Statutory invention registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Statutory invention... Public Use Proceedings § 1.293 Statutory invention registration. (a) An applicant for an original patent... specification and drawings be published as a statutory invention registration. Any such request must be...

  19. 31 CFR 342.4 - Purchase-registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purchase-registration. 342.4 Section..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT OFFERING OF UNITED STATES SAVINGS NOTES § 342.4 Purchase—registration. (a) Purchase. Savings notes, in combination with Series E bonds, could be purchased from...

  20. Non-rigid image registration using bone growth model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bro-Nielsen, Morten; Gramkow, Claus; Kreiborg, Sven

    1997-01-01

    Non-rigid registration has traditionally used physical models like elasticity and fluids. These models are very seldom valid models of the difference between the registered images. This paper presents a non-rigid registration algorithm, which uses a model of bone growth as a model of the change b...

  1. 26 CFR 48.4101-1 - Taxable fuel; registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... under section 4101 as a producer or importer of aviation fuel; (B) Operates one or more terminals that... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Taxable fuel; registration. 48.4101-1 Section 48... Taxable Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4101-1 Taxable fuel; registration. (a) In general. (1) This...

  2. 14 CFR 297.25 - Cancellation or conditioning of registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cancellation or conditioning of... § 297.25 Cancellation or conditioning of registration. The registration of a foreign indirect air carrier may be canceled or subjected to additional terms, conditions or limitations if: (a) It files...

  3. Non-rigid registration by geometry-constrained diffusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Per Rønsholt; Nielsen, Mads

    2001-01-01

    Assume that only partial knowledge about a non-rigid registration is given: certain points, curves, or surfaces in one 3D image are known to map to certain points, curves, or surfaces in another 3D image. In trying to identify the non-rigid registration field, we face a generalized aperture problem...

  4. 14 CFR 431.85 - Registration of space objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Registration of space objects. 431.85 Section 431.85 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Requirements-Reusable Launch Vehicle Mission License Terms and Conditions § 431.85 Registration of...

  5. 14 CFR 417.19 - Registration of space objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Registration of space objects. 417.19 Section 417.19 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Registration of space objects. (a) To assist the U.S. Government in implementing Article IV of the...

  6. Non-rigid registration using higher-order mutual information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueckert, D.; Clarkson, M. J.; Hill, D. L. G.; Hawkes, D. J.

    2000-03-01

    Non-rigid registration of multi-modality images is an important tool for assessing temporal and structural changesbetween images. For rigid registration, voxel similarity measures like mutual information have been shown to alignimages from different modalities accurately and robustly. For non-rigid registration, mutual information can besensitive to local variations of intensity which in MR images may be caused by RF inhomogeneity. The reasonfor the sensitivity of mutual information towards intensity variations stems from the fact that mutual informationignores any spatial information. In this paper we propose an extension of the mutual information framework whichincorporates spatial information about higher-order image structure into the registration process and has the potentialto improve the accuracy and robustness of non-rigid registration in the presence of intensity variations. We haveapplied the non-rigid registration algorithm to a number of simulated MR brain images of a digital phantom whichhave been degraded by a simulated intensity shading and a known deformation. In addition, we have applied thealgorithm for the non-rigid registration of eight pre- and post-operative brain MR images which were acquired withan interventional MR scanner and therefore have substantial intensity shading due to RF field inhomogeneities. Inall cases the second-order estimate of mutual information leads to robust and accurate registration.

  7. 47 CFR 17.4 - Antenna structure registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Antenna structure registration. 17.4 Section 17... ANTENNA STRUCTURES General Information § 17.4 Antenna structure registration. (a) Effective July 1, 1996, the owner of any proposed or existing antenna structure that requires notice of proposed...

  8. A registration method for 2D blade profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bin; Fang, Jianguo; Liu, Pengfei

    2016-10-01

    Fast and accurate registration research has important theory significance and engineering application value in improving digital measurement accuracy and efficiency. Aiming at solving registration precision and registration speed problem, the extraction scheme of contour dominant point, correspondence establishment method and the objective function of registration are discussed in the paper. Compared with other extraction ones, the scheme can extract typical characters of the blade contour effectively. It is essential to sample measuring points which can represent the entire blade with sufficient confidence and accuracy. Unlike the registration method that only minimizes the one-way distance between the data points and the initial fitted curves, the weighted mutual (two-way) distances between the template profile curves and the data points as the objective function is considered in the paper. The registration algorithm based on iterative closest point algorithm is introduced in details. Using experimental method, the validation of proposed model registration algorithm is verified. Two experimental examples were used to demonstrate registration precision and effectiveness.

  9. 32 CFR 636.10 - Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration. 636.10... Stewart, Georgia § 636.10 Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration. Personnel assigned or employed at Hunter Army Airfield are required to register their privately owned vehicles within five days...

  10. The Registration of Knee Joint Images with Preprocessing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenyan Ji

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available the registration of CT and MR images is important to analyze the effect of PCL and ACL deficiency on knee joint. Because CT and MR images have different limitations, we need register CT and MR images of knee joint and then build a model to do an analysis of the stress distribution on knee joint. In our project, we adopt image registration based on mutual information. In the knee joint images, the information about adipose, muscle and other soft tissue affects the registration accuracy. To eliminate the interference, we propose a combined preprocessing solution BEBDO, which consists of five steps, image blurring, image enhancement, image blurring, image edge detection and image outline preprocessing. We also designed the algorithm of image outline preprocessing. At the end of the paper, an experiment is done to compare the image registration results without the preprocessing and with the preprocessing. The results prove that the preprocessing can improve the image registration accuracy.

  11. Temporal mammogram image registration using optimized curvilinear coordinates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Nasser, Mohamed; Moreno, Antonio; Puig, Domenec

    2016-04-01

    Registration of mammograms plays an important role in breast cancer computer-aided diagnosis systems. Radiologists usually compare mammogram images in order to detect abnormalities. The comparison of mammograms requires a registration between them. A temporal mammogram registration method is proposed in this paper. It is based on the curvilinear coordinates, which are utilized to cope both with global and local deformations in the breast area. Temporal mammogram pairs are used to validate the proposed method. After registration, the similarity between the mammograms is maximized, and the distance between manually defined landmarks is decreased. In addition, a thorough comparison with the state-of-the-art mammogram registration methods is performed to show its effectiveness.

  12. Block-to-Point Fine Registration in Terrestrial Laser Scanning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Wang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Fine registration of point clouds plays an important role in data analysis in Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS. This work proposes a block-to-point fine registration approach to correct the errors of point clouds from TLS and of geodetic networks observed using total stations. Based on a reference coordinate system, the block-to-point estimation is performed to obtain representative points. Then, fine registration with a six-parameter transformation is performed with the help of an Iterative Closest Point (ICP method. For comparisons, fine registration with a seven-parameter transformation is introduced by applying a Singular Value Decomposition (SVD algorithm. The proposed method not only corrects the registration errors between a geodetic network and the scans, but also considers the errors among the scans. The proposed method was tested on real TLS data of a dam surface, and the results showed that distance discrepancies of estimated representative points between scans were reduced by approximately 60%.

  13. General approach to error prediction in point registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danilchenko, Andrei; Fitzpatrick, J. Michael

    2010-02-01

    A method for the first-order analysis of the point registration problem is presented and validated. The method is a unified approach to the problem that allows for inhomogeneous and anisotropic fiducial localization error (FLE) and arbitrary weighting in the registration algorithm. Cross-covariance matrices are derived both for target registration error (TRE) and for weighted fiducial registration error (FRE). Furthermore, it is shown that for ideal weighting, in which the weighting matrix for each fiducial equals the inverse of the square root of the cross covariance of the two-space FLE for that fiducial, fluctuations of FRE and TRE are independent. These results are validated by comparison with previously published expressions for special cases and by simulation and shown to be correct. Furthermore, simulations for randomly generated fiducial positions and FLEs are presented that show that correlation is negligible (correlation coefficient FRE, are unreliable estimators of registration accuracy, i.e., TRE, and should be avoided.

  14. DTI Image Registration under Probabilistic Fiber Bundles Tractography Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Tao; Fan, Yangyu; Zhang, Xiuwei

    2016-01-01

    Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) image registration is an essential step for diffusion tensor image analysis. Most of the fiber bundle based registration algorithms use deterministic fiber tracking technique to get the white matter fiber bundles, which will be affected by the noise and volume. In order to overcome the above problem, we proposed a Diffusion Tensor Imaging image registration method under probabilistic fiber bundles tractography learning. Probabilistic tractography technique can more reasonably trace to the structure of the nerve fibers. The residual error estimation step in active sample selection learning is improved by modifying the residual error model using finite sample set. The calculated deformation field is then registered on the DTI images. The results of our proposed registration method are compared with 6 state-of-the-art DTI image registration methods under visualization and 3 quantitative evaluation standards. The experimental results show that our proposed method has a good comprehensive performance.

  15. A statistical framework for inter-group image registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Shu; Wu, Guorong; Shen, Dinggang

    2012-10-01

    Groupwise image registration plays an important role in medical image analysis. The principle of groupwise image registration is to align a given set of images to a hidden template space in an iteratively manner without explicitly selecting any individual image as the template. Although many approaches have been proposed to address the groupwise image registration problem for registering a single group of images, few attentions and efforts have been paid to the registration problem between two or more different groups of images. In this paper, we propose a statistical framework to address the registration problems between two different image groups. The main contributions of this paper lie in the following aspects: (1) In this paper, we demonstrate that directly registering the group mean images estimated from two different image groups is not sufficient to establish the reliable transformation from one image group to the other image group. (2) A novel statistical framework is proposed to extract anatomical features from the white matter, gray matter and cerebrospinal fluid tissue maps of all aligned images as morphological signatures for each voxel. The extracted features provide much richer anatomical information than the voxel intensity of the group mean image, and can be integrated with the multi-channel Demons registration algorithm to perform the registration process. (3) The proposed method has been extensively evaluated on two publicly available brain MRI databases: the LONI LPBA40 and the IXI databases, and it is also compared with a conventional inter-group image registration approach which directly performs deformable registration between the group mean images of two image groups. Experimental results show that the proposed method consistently achieves higher registration accuracy than the method under comparison.

  16. An Image Registration Method for Colposcopic Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efrén Mezura-Montes

    2013-01-01

    sequence and a division of such image into small windows. A search process is then carried out to find the window with the highest affinity in each image of the sequence and replace it with the window in the reference image. The affinity value is based on polynomial approximation of the time series computed and the search is bounded by a search radius which defines the neighborhood of each window. The proposed approach is tested in ten 310-frame real cases in two experiments: the first one to determine the best values for the window size and the search radius and the second one to compare the best obtained results with respect to four registration methods found in the specialized literature. The obtained results show a robust and competitive performance of the proposed approach with a significant lower time with respect to the compared methods.

  17. Enhancing retinal images by nonlinear registration

    CERN Document Server

    Molodij, Guillaume; Glanc, Marie; Chenegros, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    Being able to image the human retina in high resolution opens a new era in many important fields, such as pharmacological research for retinal diseases, researches in human cognition, nervous system, metabolism and blood stream, to name a few. In this paper, we propose to share the knowledge acquired in the fields of optics and imaging in solar astrophysics in order to improve the retinal imaging at very high spatial resolution in the perspective to perform a medical diagnosis. The main purpose would be to assist health care practitioners by enhancing retinal images and detect abnormal features. We apply a nonlinear registration method using local correlation tracking to increase the field of view and follow structure evolutions using correlation techniques borrowed from solar astronomy technique expertise. Another purpose is to define the tracer of movements after analyzing local correlations to follow the proper motions of an image from one moment to another, such as changes in optical flows that would be o...

  18. Authentications of Myanmar National Registration Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myint Myint Sein

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The automatic identification system of Myanmar national registration card (NRC holder is presented in this paper. The proposed system can be handled the identification by the extracted low quality face image and fingerprint image from Myanmar NRC. Both of the facial recognition and fingerprint recognition system are developed for Myanmar citizenship confirmation. Age invariant face recognition algorithm is performed based on combination of DiaPCA (Diagonal principal Component Analysis and KNN (Kth nearest neighbor classifier approaches. An algorithm of the fingerprint recognition is proposed for recognition of the poor quality fingerprint image with fabric background.  Several experiments have been done for confirming the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  19. Minimax hypothesis testing for curve registration

    CERN Document Server

    Collier, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of goodness-of-fit for curve registration, and more precisely for the shifted curve model, whose application field reaches from computer vision and road traffic prediction to medicine. We give bounds for the asymptotic minimax separation rate, when the functions in the alternative lie in Sobolev balls and the separation from the null hypothesis is measured by the l2-norm. We use the generalized likelihood ratio to build a nonadaptive procedure depending on a tuning parameter, which we choose in an optimal way according to the smoothness of the ambient space. Then, a Bonferroni procedure is applied to give an adaptive test over a range of Sobolev balls. Both achieve the asymptotic minimax separation rates, up to possible logarithmic factors.

  20. Multi-registration of software library resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

    2011-04-05

    Data communications, including issuing, by an application program to a high level data communications library, a request for initialization of a data communications service; issuing to a low level data communications library a request for registration of data communications functions; registering the data communications functions, including instantiating a factory object for each of the one or more data communications functions; issuing by the application program an instruction to execute a designated data communications function; issuing, to the low level data communications library, an instruction to execute the designated data communications function, including passing to the low level data communications library a call parameter that identifies a factory object; creating with the identified factory object the data communications object that implements the data communications function according to the protocol; and executing by the low level data communications library the designated data communications function.

  1. Photochronographic registration of fast light ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litvin, Dmitri N.; Lazarchuk, Valeri P.; Murugov, Vasili M.; Petrov, Sergei I.; Senik, Alexei V.

    1999-06-01

    A possibility of registration of fast ions (protons, alpha- particles) with the help of an X-ray streak camera is demonstrated. The spatial resolution of the device is 50 micrometer, the physical time resolution with the use of a CsJ-cathode is 7 ps. From (alpha) -emission a secondary electrons yield is determined of (eta) equals 8 el../part. The device sensitivity makes it possible to register separate (alpha) -particles and protons. On the basis of the device there have been elaborated techniques of spatial-spectral registering of radiation of fast ions emitted by laser thermonuclear targets. The techniques are destined to study processes of interaction of high-intensive laser radiation with an appliance Iskra-5 target.

  2. Avoiding Stair-Step Artifacts in Image Registration for GOES-R Navigation and Registration Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grycewicz, Thomas J.; Tan, Bin; Isaacson, Peter J.; De Luccia, Frank J.; Dellomo, John

    2016-01-01

    In developing software for independent verification and validation (IVV) of the Image Navigation and Registration (INR) capability for the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R Series (GOES-R) Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), we have encountered an image registration artifact which limits the accuracy of image offset estimation at the subpixel scale using image correlation. Where the two images to be registered have the same pixel size, subpixel image registration preferentially selects registration values where the image pixel boundaries are close to lined up. Because of the shape of a curve plotting input displacement to estimated offset, we call this a stair-step artifact. When one image is at a higher resolution than the other, the stair-step artifact is minimized by correlating at the higher resolution. For validating ABI image navigation, GOES-R images are correlated with Landsat-based ground truth maps. To create the ground truth map, the Landsat image is first transformed to the perspective seen from the GOES-R satellite, and then is scaled to an appropriate pixel size. Minimizing processing time motivates choosing the map pixels to be the same size as the GOES-R pixels. At this pixel size image processing of the shift estimate is efficient, but the stair-step artifact is present. If the map pixel is very small, stair-step is not a problem, but image correlation is computation-intensive. This paper describes simulation-based selection of the scale for truth maps for registering GOES-R ABI images.

  3. A Novel Technique for Prealignment in Multimodality Medical Image Registration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Zhou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Image pair is often aligned initially based on a rigid or affine transformation before a deformable registration method is applied in medical image registration. Inappropriate initial registration may compromise the registration speed or impede the convergence of the optimization algorithm. In this work, a novel technique was proposed for prealignment in both monomodality and multimodality image registration based on statistical correlation of gradient information. A simple and robust algorithm was proposed to determine the rotational differences between two images based on orientation histogram matching accumulated from local orientation of each pixel without any feature extraction. Experimental results showed that it was effective to acquire the orientation angle between two unregistered images with advantages over the existed method based on edge-map in multimodalities. Applying the orientation detection into the registration of CT/MR, T1/T2 MRI, and monomadality images with respect to rigid and nonrigid deformation improved the chances of finding the global optimization of the registration and reduced the search space of optimization.

  4. Registration accuracy and quality of real-life images.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Yen Hsu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A common registration problem for the application of consumer device is to align all the acquired image sequences into a complete scene. Image alignment requires a registration algorithm that will compensate as much as possible for geometric variability among images. However, images captured views from a real scene usually produce different distortions. Some are derived from the optic characteristics of image sensors, and others are caused by the specific scenes and objects. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: An image registration algorithm considering the perspective projection is proposed for the application of consumer devices in this study. It exploits a multiresolution wavelet-based method to extract significant features. An analytic differential approach is then proposed to achieve fast convergence of point matching. Finally, the registration accuracy is further refined to obtain subpixel precision by a feature-based modified Levenberg-Marquardt method. Due to its feature-based and nonlinear characteristic, it converges considerably faster than most other methods. In addition, vignette compensation and color difference adjustment are also performed to further improve the quality of registration results. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The performance of the proposed method is evaluated by testing the synthetic and real images acquired by a hand-held digital still camera and in comparison with two registration techniques in terms of the squared sum of intensity differences (SSD and correlation coefficient (CC. The results indicate that the proposed method is promising in registration accuracy and quality, which are statistically significantly better than other two approaches.

  5. Multi-band Image Registration Method Based on Fourier Transform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庹红娅; 刘允才

    2004-01-01

    This paper presented a registration method based on Fourier transform for multi-band images which is involved in translation and small rotation. Although different band images differ a lot in the intensity and features,they contain certain common information which we can exploit. A model was given that the multi-band images have linear correlations under the least-square sense. It is proved that the coefficients have no effect on the registration progress if two images have linear correlations. Finally, the steps of the registration method were proposed. The experiments show that the model is reasonable and the results are satisfying.

  6. A global CT to US registration of the lumbar spine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagpal, Simrin; Hacihaliloglu, Ilker; Ungi, Tamas; Rasoulian, Abtin; Osborn, Jill; Lessoway, Victoria A.; Rohling, Robert N.; Borschneck, Daniel P.; Abolmaesumi, Purang; Mousavi, Parvin

    2014-03-01

    During percutaneous lumbar spine needle interventions, alignment of the preoperative computed tomography (CT) with intraoperative ultrasound (US) can augment anatomical visualization for the clinician. We propose an approach to rigidly align CT and US data of the lumbar spine. The approach involves an intensity-based volume registration step, followed by a surface segmentation and a point-based registration of the entire lumbar spine volume. A clinical feasibility study resulted in mean registration error of approximately 3 mm between CT and US data.

  7. Optimising expression of the recombinant fusion protein biopesticide ω-hexatoxin-Hv1a/GNA in Pichia pastoris: sequence modifications and a simple method for the generation of multi-copy strains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyati, Prashant; Fitches, Elaine; Gatehouse, John A

    2014-08-01

    Production of recombinant protein bio-insecticides on a commercial scale can only be cost effective if host strains with very high expression levels are available. A recombinant fusion protein containing an arthropod toxin, ω-hexatoxin-Hv1a, (from funnel web spider Hadronyche versuta) linked to snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin; GNA) is an effective oral insecticide and candidate biopesticide. However, the fusion protein was vulnerable to proteolysis during production in the yeast Pichia pastoris. To prevent proteolysis, the Hv1a/GNA fusion expression construct was modified by site-directed mutagenesis to remove a potential Kex2 cleavage site at the C-terminus of the Hv1a peptide. To obtain a high expressing clone of P. pastoris to produce recombinant Hv1a/GNA, a straightforward method was used to produce multi-copy expression plasmids, which does not require multiple integrations to give clones of P. pastoris containing high copy numbers of the introduced gene. Removal of the Kex2 site resulted in increased levels of intact fusion protein expressed in wild-type P. pastoris strains, improving levels of intact recombinant protein recoverable. Incorporation of a C-terminal (His)6 tag enabled single step purification of the fusion protein. These modifications did not affect the insecticidal activity of the recombinant toxin towards lepidopteran larvae. Introduction of multiple expression cassettes increased the amount of secreted recombinant fusion protein in a laboratory scale fermentation by almost tenfold on a per litre of culture basis. Simple modifications in the expression construct can be advantageous for the generation of high expressing P. pastoris strains for production of a recombinant protein, without altering its functional properties.

  8. System for Earth Sample Registration SESAR: Services for IGSN Registration and Sample Metadata Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, S.; Lehnert, K. A.; Coleman, R. J.

    2011-12-01

    SESAR, the System for Earth Sample Registration, is an online registry for physical samples collected for Earth and environmental studies. SESAR generates and administers the International Geo Sample Number IGSN, a unique identifier for samples that is dramatically advancing interoperability amongst information systems for sample-based data. SESAR was developed to provide the complete range of registry services, including definition of IGSN syntax and metadata profiles, registration and validation of name spaces requested by users, tools for users to submit and manage sample metadata, validation of submitted metadata, generation and validation of the unique identifiers, archiving of sample metadata, and public or private access to the sample metadata catalog. With the development of SESAR v3, we placed particular emphasis on creating enhanced tools that make metadata submission easier and more efficient for users, and that provide superior functionality for users to manage metadata of their samples in their private workspace MySESAR. For example, SESAR v3 includes a module where users can generate custom spreadsheet templates to enter metadata for their samples, then upload these templates online for sample registration. Once the content of the template is uploaded, it is displayed online in an editable grid format. Validation rules are executed in real-time on the grid data to ensure data integrity. Other new features of SESAR v3 include the capability to transfer ownership of samples to other SESAR users, the ability to upload and store images and other files in a sample metadata profile, and the tracking of changes to sample metadata profiles. In the next version of SESAR (v3.5), we will further improve the discovery, sharing, registration of samples. For example, we are developing a more comprehensive suite of web services that will allow discovery and registration access to SESAR from external systems. Both batch and individual registrations will be possible

  9. 37 CFR 1.296 - Withdrawal of request for publication of statutory invention registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... publication of statutory invention registration. 1.296 Section 1.296 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... for publication of statutory invention registration. A request for a statutory invention registration... statutory invention registration issued pursuant to § 1.294(c) by filing a request to withdraw the...

  10. Detection and correction of inconsistency-based errors in non-rigid registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gass, Tobias; Szekely, Gabor; Goksel, Orcun

    2014-03-01

    In this paper we present a novel post-processing technique to detect and correct inconsistency-based errors in non-rigid registration. While deformable registration is ubiquitous in medical image computing, assessing its quality has yet been an open problem. We propose a method that predicts local registration errors of existing pairwise registrations between a set of images, while simultaneously estimating corrected registrations. In the solution the error is constrained to be small in areas of high post-registration image similarity, while local registrations are constrained to be consistent between direct and indirect registration paths. The latter is a critical property of an ideal registration process, and has been frequently used to asses the performance of registration algorithms. In our work, the consistency is used as a target criterion, for which we efficiently find a solution using a linear least-squares model on a coarse grid of registration control points. We show experimentally that the local errors estimated by our algorithm correlate strongly with true registration errors in experiments with known, dense ground-truth deformations. Additionally, the estimated corrected registrations consistently improve over the initial registrations in terms of average deformation error or TRE for different registration algorithms on both simulated and clinical data, independent of modality (MRI/CT), dimensionality (2D/3D) and employed primary registration method (demons/Markov-randomfield).

  11. 75 FR 57945 - Atonik and Verbenone, Registration Review Proposed Decisions; Notice of Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ...This notice announces the availability of EPA's proposed registration review decisions for the pesticides listed in the table in Unit II.A. and opens a public comment period on the proposed decisions. Registration review is EPA's periodic review of pesticide registrations to ensure that each pesticide continues to satisfy the statutory standard for registration, that is, that the pesticide can......

  12. 17 CFR 240.14a-13 - Obligation of registrants in communicating with beneficial owners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the option of the registrant, any employee benefit plan established by an affiliate of the registrant that holds securities of the registrant that the registrant elects to treat as exempt employee benefit..., pursuant to § 240.14b-2(b)(1)(i), the names and addresses of its respondent banks, within one business...

  13. Simple shape space for 3D face registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Košir, Andrej; Perkon, Igor; Bracun, Drago; Tasic, Jurij; Mozina, Janez

    2009-09-01

    Three dimensional (3D) face recognition is a topic getting increasing interest in biometric applications. In our research framework we developed a laser scanner that provides 3D cloud information and texture data. In a user scenario with cooperative subjects with indoor light conditions, we address three problems of 3D face biometrics: the face registration, the formulation of a shape space together with a special designed gradient algorithm and the impact of initial approximation to the convergence of a registration algorithm. By defining the face registration as a problem of aligning a 3D data cloud with a predefined reference template, we solve the registration problem with a second order gradient algorithm working on a shape space designed for reducing the computational complexity of the method.

  14. Atlas-Based Prostate Segmentation Using an Hybrid Registration

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Sébastien; Troccaz, Jocelyne

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper presents the preliminary results of a semi-automatic method for prostate segmentation of Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) which aims to be incorporated in a navigation system for prostate brachytherapy. Methods: The method is based on the registration of an anatomical atlas computed from a population of 18 MRI exams onto a patient image. An hybrid registration framework which couples an intensity-based registration with a robust point-matching algorithm is used for both atlas building and atlas registration. Results: The method has been validated on the same dataset that the one used to construct the atlas using the "leave-one-out method". Results gives a mean error of 3.39 mm and a standard deviation of 1.95 mm with respect to expert segmentations. Conclusions: We think that this segmentation tool may be a very valuable help to the clinician for routine quantitative image exploitation.

  15. Human Cell and Tissue Establishment Registration Public Query

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This application provides Human Cell and Tissue registration information for registered, inactive, and pre-registered firms. Query options are by Establishment Name,...

  16. 77 FR 26004 - Product Cancellation Order for Certain Pesticide Registrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ... stakeholders including environmental, human health, and agricultural advocates; the chemical industry... Imazapyr Imazapyr. Technical 98%. 086068-00001 Texcan Glyphosate Glyphosate. Technical. 086068-00002 Texcan 62% Glyphosate- Glyphosate MUP. isopropylammonium. Table 2--Registrations for Products...

  17. Current trends in medical image registration and fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma El-Zahraa Ahmed El-Gamal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Recently, medical image registration and fusion processes are considered as a valuable assistant for the medical experts. The role of these processes arises from their ability to help the experts in the diagnosis, following up the diseases’ evolution, and deciding the necessary therapies regarding the patient’s condition. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to focus on medical image registration as well as medical image fusion. In addition, the paper presents a description of the common diagnostic images along with the main characteristics of each of them. The paper also illustrates most well-known toolkits that have been developed to help the working with the registration and fusion processes. Finally, the paper presents the current challenges associated with working with medical image registration and fusion through illustrating the recent diseases/disorders that were addressed through such an analyzing process.

  18. An Automatic Registration Algorithm for 3D Maxillofacial Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Luwen; Zhou, Zhongwei; Guo, Jixiang; Lv, Jiancheng

    2016-09-01

    3D image registration aims at aligning two 3D data sets in a common coordinate system, which has been widely used in computer vision, pattern recognition and computer assisted surgery. One challenging problem in 3D registration is that point-wise correspondences between two point sets are often unknown apriori. In this work, we develop an automatic algorithm for 3D maxillofacial models registration including facial surface model and skull model. Our proposed registration algorithm can achieve a good alignment result between partial and whole maxillofacial model in spite of ambiguous matching, which has a potential application in the oral and maxillofacial reparative and reconstructive surgery. The proposed algorithm includes three steps: (1) 3D-SIFT features extraction and FPFH descriptors construction; (2) feature matching using SAC-IA; (3) coarse rigid alignment and refinement by ICP. Experiments on facial surfaces and mandible skull models demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of our algorithm.

  19. 75 FR 62387 - Pesticide Product Registrations; Conditional Approval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Product Registrations; Conditional Approval AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...., to conditionally register the pesticide products Paladin Technical, Paladin, and Paladin EC... provisions of section 3(c)(7)(C) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA),...

  20. 17 CFR 37.5 - Procedures for registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... criteria for registration under section 5a(c) of the Act. (ii) Comply with the core principles for... shall begin on the first business day (during the business hours defined in § 40.1 of this chapter)...

  1. Spatial Information Based Medical Image Registration using Mutual Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benzheng Wei

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Image registration is a valuable technique for medical diagnosis and treatment. Due to the inferiority of image registration using maximum mutual information, a new hybrid method of multimodality medical image registration based on mutual information of spatial information is proposed. The new measure that combines mutual information, spatial information and feature characteristics, is proposed. Edge points are used as features, obtained from a morphology gradient detector. Feature characteristics like location, edge strength and orientation are taken into account to compute a joint probability distribution of corresponding edge points in two images. Mutual information based on this function is minimized to find the best alignment parameters. Finally, the translation parameters are calculated by using a modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO algorithm. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed registration scheme.

  2. Quick Web Services Lookup Model Based on Hierarchical Registration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢山; 朱国进; 陈家训

    2003-01-01

    Quick Web Services Lookup (Q-WSL) is a new model to registration and lookup of complex services in the Internet. The model is designed to quickly find complex Web services by using hierarchical registration method. The basic concepts of Web services system are introduced and presented, and then the method of hierarchical registration of services is described. In particular, service query document description and service lookup procedure are concentrated, and it addresses how to lookup these services which are registered in the Web services system. Furthermore, an example design and an evaluation of its performance are presented.Specifically, it shows that the using of attributionbased service query document design and contentbased hierarchical registration in Q-WSL allows service requesters to discover needed services more flexibly and rapidly. It is confirmed that Q-WSL is very suitable for Web services system.

  3. 22 CFR 42.83 - Termination of registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... paragraph (a) of this section, the National Visa Center (NVC) shall notify the alien of the termination. The NVC shall also inform the alien of the right to have the registration reinstated if the alien,...

  4. Registration of Standardized Histological Images in Feature Space

    CERN Document Server

    Bagci, Ulas; 10.1117/12.770219

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we propose three novel and important methods for the registration of histological images for 3D reconstruction. First, possible intensity variations and nonstandardness in images are corrected by an intensity standardization process which maps the image scale into a standard scale where the similar intensities correspond to similar tissues meaning. Second, 2D histological images are mapped into a feature space where continuous variables are used as high confidence image features for accurate registration. Third, we propose an automatic best reference slice selection algorithm that improves reconstruction quality based on both image entropy and mean square error of the registration process. We demonstrate that the choice of reference slice has a significant impact on registration error, standardization, feature space and entropy information. After 2D histological slices are registered through an affine transformation with respect to an automatically chosen reference, the 3D volume is reconstruct...

  5. Enhancing retinal images by nonlinear registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molodij, G.; Ribak, E. N.; Glanc, M.; Chenegros, G.

    2015-05-01

    Being able to image the human retina in high resolution opens a new era in many important fields, such as pharmacological research for retinal diseases, researches in human cognition, nervous system, metabolism and blood stream, to name a few. In this paper, we propose to share the knowledge acquired in the fields of optics and imaging in solar astrophysics in order to improve the retinal imaging in the perspective to perform a medical diagnosis. The main purpose would be to assist health care practitioners by enhancing the spatial resolution of the retinal images and increase the level of confidence of the abnormal feature detection. We apply a nonlinear registration method using local correlation tracking to increase the field of view and follow structure evolutions using correlation techniques borrowed from solar astronomy technique expertise. Another purpose is to define the tracer of movements after analyzing local correlations to follow the proper motions of an image from one moment to another, such as changes in optical flows that would be of high interest in a medical diagnosis.

  6. Subpixel Registration Directly from the Phase Difference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balci Murat

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a new approach to subpixel registration, under local/global shifts or rotation, using the phase-difference matrix. We establish the exact relationship between the continuous and the discrete phase difference of two shifted images and show that their discrete phase difference is a 2-dimensional sawtooth signal. As a result, the exact shifts or rotations can be determined to subpixel or subangle accuracy by counting the number of cycles of the phase-difference matrix along the frequency axes. The subpixel portion is represented by a fraction of a cycle corresponding to the noninteger part of the shift or rotation. The rotation angle is estimated by applying our method using a polar coordinate system. The problem is formulated as an overdetermined system of equations and is solved by imposing a regularity constraint. The tradeoff for imposing the constraint is determined by exploiting the rank constraint leading to a closed-form expression for the optimal regularization parameter.

  7. Estimating the Video Registration Using Image Motions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.Kannaiya Raja

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we consider the problems of registering multiple video sequences dynamic scenes which are not limited non rigid objects such as fireworks, blasting, high speed car moving taken from different vantage points. In this paper we propose a simple algorithm we can create different frames on particular videos moving for matching such complex scenes. Our algorithm does not require the cameras to be synchronized, and is not based on frame-by-frame or volume-by-volume registration. Instead, we model each video as the output of a linear dynamical system and transform the task of registering the video sequences to that of registering the parameters of the corresponding dynamical models. In this paper we use of a joint frame together to form distinct frame concurrently. The joint identification and the Jordan canonical form are not only applicable to the case of registering video sequences, but also to the entire genre of algorithms based on the dynamic texture model. We have also shown that out of all the possible choices for the method of identification and canonical form, the JID using JCF performs the best.

  8. Interactive initialization of 2D/3D rigid registration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gong, Ren Hui; Güler, Özgür [The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children' s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Kürklüoglu, Mustafa [Department of Cardiac Surgery, Children' s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Lovejoy, John [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Children' s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Yaniv, Ziv, E-mail: ZYaniv@childrensnational.org [The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children' s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 and Departments of Pediatrics and Radiology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037 (United States)

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: Registration is one of the key technical components in an image-guided navigation system. A large number of 2D/3D registration algorithms have been previously proposed, but have not been able to transition into clinical practice. The authors identify the primary reason for the lack of adoption with the prerequisite for a sufficiently accurate initial transformation, mean target registration error of about 10 mm or less. In this paper, the authors present two interactive initialization approaches that provide the desired accuracy for x-ray/MR and x-ray/CT registration in the operating room setting. Methods: The authors have developed two interactive registration methods based on visual alignment of a preoperative image, MR, or CT to intraoperative x-rays. In the first approach, the operator uses a gesture based interface to align a volume rendering of the preoperative image to multiple x-rays. The second approach uses a tracked tool available as part of a navigation system. Preoperatively, a virtual replica of the tool is positioned next to the anatomical structures visible in the volumetric data. Intraoperatively, the physical tool is positioned in a similar manner and subsequently used to align a volume rendering to the x-ray images using an augmented reality (AR) approach. Both methods were assessed using three publicly available reference data sets for 2D/3D registration evaluation. Results: In the authors' experiments, the authors show that for x-ray/MR registration, the gesture based method resulted in a mean target registration error (mTRE) of 9.3 ± 5.0 mm with an average interaction time of 146.3 ± 73.0 s, and the AR-based method had mTREs of 7.2 ± 3.2 mm with interaction times of 44 ± 32 s. For x-ray/CT registration, the gesture based method resulted in a mTRE of 7.4 ± 5.0 mm with an average interaction time of 132.1 ± 66.4 s, and the AR-based method had mTREs of 8.3 ± 5.0 mm with interaction times of 58 ± 52 s. Conclusions: Based on

  9. Pydpiper: A Flexible Toolkit for Constructing Novel Registration Pipelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam eFriedel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Using neuroimaging technologies to elucidate the relationship between genotype and phenotype and brain and behavior will be a key contribution to biomedical research in the twenty-first century. Among the many methods for analyzing neuroimaging data, image registration deserves particular attention due to its wide range of applications. Finding strategies to register together many images and analyze the differences between them can be a challenge, particularly given that different experimental designs require different registration strategies. Moreover, writing software that can handle different types of image registration pipelines in a flexible, reusable and extensible way can be challenging. In response to this challenge, we have created Pydpiper, a neuroimaging registration toolkit written in Python. Pydpiper is an open-source, freely available pipeline framework that provides multiple modules for various image registration applications. Pydpiper offers five key innovations. Specifically: (1 a robust file handling class that allows access to outputs from all stages of registration at any point in the pipeline; (2 the ability of the framework to eliminate duplicate stages; (3 reusable, easy to subclass modules; (4 a development toolkit written for non-developers; (5 four complete applications that run complex image registration pipelines ``out-of-the-box.'' In this paper, we will discuss both the general Pydpiper framework and the various ways in which component modules can be pieced together to easily create new registration pipelines. This will include a discussion of the core principles motivating code development and a comparison of Pydpiper with other available toolkits. We also provide a comprehensive, line-by-line example to orient users with limited programming knowledge and highlight some of the most useful features of Pydpiper. In addition, we will present the four current applications of the code.

  10. Pydpiper: a flexible toolkit for constructing novel registration pipelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedel, Miriam; van Eede, Matthijs C.; Pipitone, Jon; Chakravarty, M. Mallar; Lerch, Jason P.

    2014-01-01

    Using neuroimaging technologies to elucidate the relationship between genotype and phenotype and brain and behavior will be a key contribution to biomedical research in the twenty-first century. Among the many methods for analyzing neuroimaging data, image registration deserves particular attention due to its wide range of applications. Finding strategies to register together many images and analyze the differences between them can be a challenge, particularly given that different experimental designs require different registration strategies. Moreover, writing software that can handle different types of image registration pipelines in a flexible, reusable and extensible way can be challenging. In response to this challenge, we have created Pydpiper, a neuroimaging registration toolkit written in Python. Pydpiper is an open-source, freely available software package that provides multiple modules for various image registration applications. Pydpiper offers five key innovations. Specifically: (1) a robust file handling class that allows access to outputs from all stages of registration at any point in the pipeline; (2) the ability of the framework to eliminate duplicate stages; (3) reusable, easy to subclass modules; (4) a development toolkit written for non-developers; (5) four complete applications that run complex image registration pipelines “out-of-the-box.” In this paper, we will discuss both the general Pydpiper framework and the various ways in which component modules can be pieced together to easily create new registration pipelines. This will include a discussion of the core principles motivating code development and a comparison of Pydpiper with other available toolkits. We also provide a comprehensive, line-by-line example to orient users with limited programming knowledge and highlight some of the most useful features of Pydpiper. In addition, we will present the four current applications of the code. PMID:25126069

  11. [Evaluation of the quality of birth registration data in Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadelha, R J

    1982-01-01

    Preliminary evaluation of the quality of data published in "Estatisticas do Registro Civil, 1974-79" (Vital Registration Statistics, 1974-79) concerning children ever born in Brazil and its states is presented. Qualitative analysis of these variables is included: time period between date of birth and date of registration, mother's permanent place of birth, type of delivery, sex, and mother's age at time of delivery. (author's modified)

  12. 75 FR 5077 - Pesticide Product; Registration Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... the FDA as a stabilizer in polymers used in producing, manufacturing, packaging, processing, and... may be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or... (NAICS code 111). Animal production (NAICS code 112). Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311)....

  13. Automatic nonrigid registration of whole body CT mice images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xia; Yankeelov, Thomas E; Peterson, Todd E; Gore, John C; Dawant, Benoit M

    2008-04-01

    Three-dimensional intra- and intersubject registration of image volumes is important for tasks that include quantification of temporal/longitudinal changes, atlas-based segmentation, computing population averages, or voxel and tensor-based morphometry. While a number of methods have been proposed to address this problem, few have focused on the problem of registering whole body image volumes acquired either from humans or small animals. These image volumes typically contain a large number of articulated structures, which makes registration more difficult than the registration of head images, to which the majority of registration algorithms have been applied. This article presents a new method for the automatic registration of whole body computed tomography (CT) volumes, which consists of two main steps. Skeletons are first brought into approximate correspondence with a robust point-based method. Transformations so obtained are refined with an intensity-based nonrigid registration algorithm that includes spatial adaptation of the transformation's stiffness. The approach has been applied to whole body CT images of mice, to CT images of the human upper torso, and to human head and neck CT images. To validate the authors method on soft tissue structures, which are difficult to see in CT images, the authors use coregistered magnetic resonance images. They demonstrate that the approach they propose can successfully register image volumes even when these volumes are very different in size and shape or if they have been acquired with the subjects in different positions.

  14. KW-SIFT descriptor for remote-sensing image registration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiangzeng Liu; Zheng Tian; Weidong Yan; Xifa Duan

    2011-01-01

    A technique to construct an affine invariant descriptor for remote-sensing image registration based on the scale invariant features transform (SIFT) in a kernel space is proposed.Affine invariant SIFT descriptor is first developed in an elliptical region determined by the Hessian matrix of the feature points.Thereafter,the descriptor is mapped to a feature space induced by a kernel, and a new descriptor is constructed by whitening the mapped descriptor in the feature space, with the transform called KW-SIFT.In a final step, the new descriptor is used to register remote-sensing images.Experimental results for remote-sensing image registration indicate that the proposed method improves the registration performance as compared with other related methods.%@@ A technique to construct an affine invariant descriptor for remote-sensing image registration based on the scale invariant features transform (SIFT) in a kernel space is proposed.Affine invariant SIFT descriptor is first developed in an elliptical region determined by the Hessian matrix of the feature points.Thereafter,the descriptor is mapped to a feature space induced by a kernel, and a new descriptor is constructed by whitening the mapped descriptor in the feature space, with the transform called KW-SIFT.In a final step, the new descriptor is used to register remote-sensing images.Experimental results for remote-sensing image registration indicate that the proposed method improves the registration performance as compared with other related methods.

  15. INTER-GROUP IMAGE REGISTRATION BY HIERARCHICAL GRAPH SHRINKAGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, Shihui; Wu, Guorong; Liao, Shu; Shen, Dinggang

    2013-12-31

    In this paper, we propose a novel inter-group image registration method to register different groups of images (e.g., young and elderly brains) simultaneously. Specifically, we use a hierarchical two-level graph to model the distribution of entire images on the manifold, with intra-graph representing the image distribution in each group and the inter-graph describing the relationship between two groups. Then the procedure of inter-group registration is formulated as a dynamic evolution of graph shrinkage. The advantage of our method is that the topology of entire image distribution is explored to guide the image registration. In this way, each image coordinates with its neighboring images on the manifold to deform towards the population center, by following the deformation pathway simultaneously optimized within the graph. Our proposed method has been also compared with other state-of-the-art inter-group registration methods, where our method achieves better registration results in terms of registration accuracy and robustness.

  16. Image Classifying Registration for Gaussian & Bayesian Techniques: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul Godghate,

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A Bayesian Technique for Image Classifying Registration to perform simultaneously image registration and pixel classification. Medical image registration is critical for the fusion of complementary information about patient anatomy and physiology, for the longitudinal study of a human organ over time and the monitoring of disease development or treatment effect, for the statistical analysis of a population variation in comparison to a so-called digital atlas, for image-guided therapy, etc. A Bayesian Technique for Image Classifying Registration is well-suited to deal with image pairs that contain two classes of pixels with different inter-image intensity relationships. We will show through different experiments that the model can be applied in many different ways. For instance if the class map is known, then it can be used for template-based segmentation. If the full model is used, then it can be applied to lesion detection by image comparison. Experiments have been conducted on both real and simulated data. It show that in the presence of an extra-class, the classifying registration improves both the registration and the detection, especially when the deformations are small. The proposed model is defined using only two classes but it is straightforward to extend it to an arbitrary number of classes.

  17. Diversity in Action workshop | 5 May | Technoparc Business Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Diversity Office

    2015-01-01

    Get an insight into diversity, develop greater sensitivity to differences, acquire new tools to recognise and overcome unconscious biases.   Diversity in Action workshop 5th edition in English Tuesday, 5 May 2015 8:30 a.m. - 12 p.m. Technoparc Business Centre – Saint-Genis-Pouilly Registration and more information on the workshop: http://cern.ch/diversity/in-action On 5 May at 2 p.m., Alan Richter will also lead a forum for discussion  on the topic of “Respect in the workplace”. More information here.  

  18. 76 FR 38166 - Registration Review; Pesticide Dockets Opened for Review and Comment and Other Docket Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... the areas where public comment is specifically requested, though comment in any area is welcome. 2... useable form. For example, an English translation must accompany any material that is not in English and...

  19. 77 FR 40048 - Registration Review; Pesticide Dockets Opened for Review and Comment and Other Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes. iv. Describe...-HQ-OPP-2011-0 Julia Stokes, (703) 911. 347-8966, stokes.julia@epa.gov . Aldicarb, 0140...

  20. 75 FR 80496 - Registration Review; Pesticide Dockets Opened for Review and Comment and Other Docket Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... any assumptions and provide any technical information and/or data that you used. v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to...-2010-0 Katie Weyrauch, (703) 920. 308-0166, weyrauch.katie@epa.gov . Tau-fluvalinate, 2295............

  1. Optimal atlas construction through hierarchical image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grevera, George J.; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Odhner, Dewey; Torigian, Drew A.

    2016-03-01

    Atlases (digital or otherwise) are common in medicine. However, there is no standard framework for creating them from medical images. One traditional approach is to pick a representative subject and then proceed to label structures/regions of interest in this image. Another is to create a "mean" or average subject. Atlases may also contain more than a single representative (e.g., the Visible Human contains both a male and a female data set). Other criteria besides gender may be used as well, and the atlas may contain many examples for a given criterion. In this work, we propose that atlases be created in an optimal manner using a well-established graph theoretic approach using a min spanning tree (or more generally, a collection of them). The resulting atlases may contain many examples for a given criterion. In fact, our framework allows for the addition of new subjects to the atlas to allow it to evolve over time. Furthermore, one can apply segmentation methods to the graph (e.g., graph-cut, fuzzy connectedness, or cluster analysis) which allow it to be separated into "sub-atlases" as it evolves. We demonstrate our method by applying it to 50 3D CT data sets of the chest region, and by comparing it to a number of traditional methods using measures such as Mean Squared Difference, Mattes Mutual Information, and Correlation, and for rigid registration. Our results demonstrate that optimal atlases can be constructed in this manner and outperform other methods of construction using freely available software.

  2. NRC Significant Enforcement Actions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission — This dataset provides a list of Nuclear Regulartory Commission (NRC) issued significant enforcement actions. These actions, referred to as "escalated", are issued by...

  3. An ASIFT-Based Local Registration Method for Satellite Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangjun Wang

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Imagery registration is a fundamental step, which greatly affects later processes in image mosaic, multi-spectral image fusion, digital surface modelling, etc., where the final solution needs blending of pixel information from more than one images. It is highly desired to find a way to identify registration regions among input stereo image pairs with high accuracy, particularly in remote sensing applications in which ground control points (GCPs are not always available, such as in selecting a landing zone on an outer space planet. In this paper, a framework for localization in image registration is developed. It strengthened the local registration accuracy from two aspects: less reprojection error and better feature point distribution. Affine scale-invariant feature transform (ASIFT was used for acquiring feature points and correspondences on the input images. Then, a homography matrix was estimated as the transformation model by an improved random sample consensus (IM-RANSAC algorithm. In order to identify a registration region with a better spatial distribution of feature points, the Euclidean distance between the feature points is applied (named the S criterion. Finally, the parameters of the homography matrix were optimized by the Levenberg–Marquardt (LM algorithm with selective feature points from the chosen registration region. In the experiment section, the Chang’E-2 satellite remote sensing imagery was used for evaluating the performance of the proposed method. The experiment result demonstrates that the proposed method can automatically locate a specific region with high registration accuracy between input images by achieving lower root mean square error (RMSE and better distribution of feature points.

  4. Deformable registration of multi-modal data including rigid structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huesman, Ronald H.; Klein, Gregory J.; Kimdon, Joey A.; Kuo, Chaincy; Majumdar, Sharmila

    2003-05-02

    Multi-modality imaging studies are becoming more widely utilized in the analysis of medical data. Anatomical data from CT and MRI are useful for analyzing or further processing functional data from techniques such as PET and SPECT. When data are not acquired simultaneously, even when these data are acquired on a dual-imaging device using the same bed, motion can occur that requires registration between the reconstructed image volumes. As the human torso can allow non-rigid motion, this type of motion should be estimated and corrected. We report a deformation registration technique that utilizes rigid registration for bony structures, while allowing elastic transformation of soft tissue to more accurately register the entire image volume. The technique is applied to the registration of CT and MR images of the lumbar spine. First a global rigid registration is performed to approximately align features. Bony structures are then segmented from the CT data using semi-automated process, and bounding boxes for each vertebra are established. Each CT subvolume is then individually registered to the MRI data using a piece-wise rigid registration algorithm and a mutual information image similarity measure. The resulting set of rigid transformations allows for accurate registration of the parts of the CT and MRI data representing the vertebrae, but not the adjacent soft tissue. To align the soft tissue, a smoothly-varying deformation is computed using a thin platespline(TPS) algorithm. The TPS technique requires a sparse set of landmarks that are to be brought into correspondence. These landmarks are automatically obtained from the segmented data using simple edge-detection techniques and random sampling from the edge candidates. A smoothness parameter is also included in the TPS formulation for characterization of the stiffness of the soft tissue. Estimation of an appropriate stiffness factor is obtained iteratively by using the mutual information cost function on the result

  5. Data organization and storage model of the realty uniform registration system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Chenhua; Liu, Yu; Wu, Xiaobin

    2007-06-01

    Based on the Real Right Law, this article analyzes the entity objects of the realty uniform registration, and establishes the model of the logical relations among the entities, from which the dada relation model is proposed, and from which the data relation model of the realty uniform registration is proposed, and is compared with the current land registration data model and the real estate data model. It is proved that this uniform registration data model has not only maintained the close links with the land registration data model and the real estate registration data model, but also met the need of the uniform registration by comparing with the existing land registration data model and the real estate data model. In the end, this article discusses the method of data storage for the uniform registration of the land and the real estate to improve the efficiency of storage and access by adopting split technology to store the alteration data logically.

  6. Rigid-body point-based registration: The distribution of the target registration error when the fiducial registration errors are given.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seginer, A

    2011-08-01

    Medical guidance systems often employ several data sources using different coordinate systems. In order to map positions from one coordinate system to the other, these guidance systems usually employ rigid-body point-based registration, using pairs of fiducial points: pairs which describe the same physical positions, but in different coordinate systems. The customary test for the quality of the registration is the fiducial registration error (FRE), which is the root-mean-square of the mismatch between the fiducials in each pair (after the registration). The FRE, however, does not give an answer to the question which is usually of interest, and that is the accuracy at a "target" point which is not part of the set of fiducial points. The statistics of the target registration error (TRE) have been studied before and approximate expressions were derived, but those expressions require as input the unknown true fiducial positions. In the present paper, it is proven that by replacing these unknowable true positions with the known measured positions in the expression for mean-square TRE, a higher order approximation is achieved. In other words, it is shown that more accurate estimates are obtained by using less accurate, but available, inputs. Furthermore, in previous approximations FRE and TRE were shown to be statistically independent, whereas here, due to the higher approximation level, it is shown that a slight dependence exists. Thus, the knowledge of FRE can in fact be employed to improve predictions of the TRE statistics. These results are supported by simulations and hold even for fiducial localization error (FLE) distributions with large standard deviations.

  7. Geodesic active fields--a geometric framework for image registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zosso, Dominique; Bresson, Xavier; Thiran, Jean-Philippe

    2011-05-01

    In this paper we present a novel geometric framework called geodesic active fields for general image registration. In image registration, one looks for the underlying deformation field that best maps one image onto another. This is a classic ill-posed inverse problem, which is usually solved by adding a regularization term. Here, we propose a multiplicative coupling between the registration term and the regularization term, which turns out to be equivalent to embed the deformation field in a weighted minimal surface problem. Then, the deformation field is driven by a minimization flow toward a harmonic map corresponding to the solution of the registration problem. This proposed approach for registration shares close similarities with the well-known geodesic active contours model in image segmentation, where the segmentation term (the edge detector function) is coupled with the regularization term (the length functional) via multiplication as well. As a matter of fact, our proposed geometric model is actually the exact mathematical generalization to vector fields of the weighted length problem for curves and surfaces introduced by Caselles-Kimmel-Sapiro. The energy of the deformation field is measured with the Polyakov energy weighted by a suitable image distance, borrowed from standard registration models. We investigate three different weighting functions, the squared error and the approximated absolute error for monomodal images, and the local joint entropy for multimodal images. As compared to specialized state-of-the-art methods tailored for specific applications, our geometric framework involves important contributions. Firstly, our general formulation for registration works on any parametrizable, smooth and differentiable surface, including nonflat and multiscale images. In the latter case, multiscale images are registered at all scales simultaneously, and the relations between space and scale are intrinsically being accounted for. Second, this method is, to

  8. Combined registration and motion correction of longitudinal retinal OCT data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Andrew; Carass, Aaron; Al-Louzi, Omar; Bhargava, Pavan; Solomon, Sharon D.; Calabresi, Peter A.; Prince, Jerry L.

    2016-03-01

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an important modality for examination of the eye. To measure layer thicknesses in the retina, automated segmentation algorithms are often used, producing accurate and reliable measurements. However, subtle changes over time are difficult to detect since the magnitude of the change can be very small. Thus, tracking disease progression over short periods of time is difficult. Additionally, unstable eye position and motion alter the consistency of these measurements, even in healthy eyes. Thus, both registration and motion correction are important for processing longitudinal data of a specific patient. In this work, we propose a method to jointly do registration and motion correction. Given two scans of the same patient, we initially extract blood vessel points from a fundus projection image generated on the OCT data and estimate point correspondences. Due to saccadic eye movements during the scan, motion is often very abrupt, producing a sparse set of large displacements between successive B-scan images. Thus, we use lasso regression to estimate the movement of each image. By iterating between this regression and a rigid point-based registration, we are able to simultaneously align and correct the data. With longitudinal data from 39 healthy control subjects, our method improves the registration accuracy by 43% compared to simple alignment to the fovea and 8% when using point-based registration only. We also show improved consistency of repeated total retina thickness measurements.

  9. Handling of tautomerism and stereochemistry in compound registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobbi, Alberto; Lee, Man-Ling

    2012-02-27

    Automated registration of compounds from external sources is necessitated by the numerous compound acquisitions from vendors and by the increasing number of collaborations with external partners. A prerequisite for automating compound registration is a robust module for determining the structural novelty of the input structures. Any such tool needs to be able to take uncertainty about stereochemistry into account and to identify tautomeric forms of the same compound. It also needs to validate structures for potential mistakes in connectivity and stereochemistry. Genentech has implemented a Structure Normalization Module based on toolkits offered by OpenEye Scientific Software. The module is incorporated in a graphical application for single compound registration and in scripts for bulk registration. It is also used for checking compounds submitted by our collaborators via partner-specific Internet sites. The Genentech Structure Normalization Module employs the widely used V2000 molfile format to accommodate structures received from a wide variety of sources. To determine how much information is known about the stereochemistry of each compound, the module requires a separate stereochemical assignment. A structural uniqueness check is performed by comparing the canonical SMILES of a standard tautomer. This paper offers a discussion of the steps taken to validate the chemical structure and generate the canonical SMILES of the standard tautomer. It also describes the integration of the validation module in compound registration pathways.

  10. A MNCIE method for registration of ultrasound images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Jing; WANG Qiang; SHEN Yi

    2007-01-01

    A new approach to the problem of registration of ultrasound images is presented, using a concept of Nonlinear Correlation Information Entropy (NCIE) as the matching criterion. The proposed method applies NCIE to measure the correlation degree between the image intensities of corresponding voxel in the floating and reference images. Registration is achieved by adjustment of the relative position until NCIE between the images is maximized. However, unlike mutual information (MI), NCIE varies in the closed interval [0, 1 ], and around the extremum it varies sharply, which makes it possible that thresholds of NCIE can be used to boost the search for the registration transformation. Using this feature of NCIE, we combine the downhill simplex searching algorithm to register the ultrasound images. The simulations are conducted to testify the effectiveness and rapidity of the proposed registration method, in which the ultrasound floating images are aligned to the reference images with required registration accuracy. Moreover, the NCIE based method can overcome local minima problem by setting thresholds and can take care of the differences in contrast between the floating and reference images.

  11. Agile multi-scale decompositions for automatic image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, James M.; Leija, Omar Navarro; Le Moigne, Jacqueline

    2016-05-01

    In recent works, the first and third authors developed an automatic image registration algorithm based on a multiscale hybrid image decomposition with anisotropic shearlets and isotropic wavelets. This prototype showed strong performance, improving robustness over registration with wavelets alone. However, this method imposed a strict hierarchy on the order in which shearlet and wavelet features were used in the registration process, and also involved an unintegrated mixture of MATLAB and C code. In this paper, we introduce a more agile model for generating features, in which a flexible and user-guided mix of shearlet and wavelet features are computed. Compared to the previous prototype, this method introduces a flexibility to the order in which shearlet and wavelet features are used in the registration process. Moreover, the present algorithm is now fully coded in C, making it more efficient and portable than the mixed MATLAB and C prototype. We demonstrate the versatility and computational efficiency of this approach by performing registration experiments with the fully-integrated C algorithm. In particular, meaningful timing studies can now be performed, to give a concrete analysis of the computational costs of the flexible feature extraction. Examples of synthetically warped and real multi-modal images are analyzed.

  12. Action Research: Rethinking Lewin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickens, Linda; Watkins, Karen

    1999-01-01

    Explores both historical and contemporary definitions of action research. Describes the process and goals of action research in the tradition of Lewin. Presents a case study of an action-research project involving two teams in a high-technology corporation that depicts the process in action. (Author/CCM)

  13. Mode of Action and Specificity of Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins in the Control of Caterpillars and Stink Bugs in Soybean Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schünemann, Rogério; Knaak, Neiva; Fiuza, Lidia Mariana

    2014-01-01

    The bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produces delta-endotoxins that possess toxic properties and can be used as biopesticides, as well as a source of genes for the construction of transgenic plants resistant to insects. In Brazil, the introduction of Bt soybean with insecticidal properties to the velvetbean caterpillar, the main insect pest of soybean, has been seen a promising tool in the management of these agroecosystems. However, the increase in stink bug populations in this culture, in various regions of the country, which are not susceptible to the existing genetically modified plants, requires application of chemicals that damage the environment. Little is known about the actual toxicity of Bt to Hemiptera, since these insects present sucking mouthparts, which hamper toxicity assays with artificial diets containing toxins of this bacterium. In recent studies of cytotoxicity with the gut of different hemipterans, susceptibility in the mechanism of action of delta-endotoxins has been demonstrated, which can generate promising subsidies for the control of these insect pests in soybean. This paper aims to review the studies related to the selection, application and mode of action of Bt in the biological control of the major pest of soybean, Anticarsia gemmatalis, and an analysis of advances in research on the use of Bt for control hemipterans.

  14. Hybrid Action Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rönnkö, M.; Ravn, Anders Peter; Sere, K.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the use of action systems with differential actions in the specifcation of hybrid systems. As the main contribution we generalize the definition of a differential action, allowing the use of arbitrary relations over model variables and their time-derivatives in modell......In this paper we investigate the use of action systems with differential actions in the specifcation of hybrid systems. As the main contribution we generalize the definition of a differential action, allowing the use of arbitrary relations over model variables and their time...... parallel composition. Moreover, as the strength of the action system formalism is the support for stepwise development by refinement, we investigate refinement involving a differential action. We show that, due to the predicate transformer semantics, standard action refinement techniques apply also...... to the differential action, thus, allowing stepwise development of hybrid systems Udgivelsesdato: JAN 1...

  15. Multimodality imaging combination in small animal via point-based registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, C. C.; Wu, T. H.; Lin, M. H.; Huang, Y. H.; Guo, W. Y.; Chen, C. L.; Wang, T. C.; Yin, W. H.; Lee, J. S.

    2006-12-01

    We present a system of image co-registration in small animal study. Marker-based registration is chosen because of its considerable advantage that the fiducial feature is independent of imaging modality. We also experimented with different scanning protocols and different fiducial marker sizes to improve registration accuracy. Co-registration was conducted using rat phantom fixed by stereotactic frame. Overall, the co-registration accuracy was in sub-millimeter level and close to intrinsic system error. Therefore, we conclude that the system is an accurate co-registration method to be used in small animal studies.

  16. A ROBUST REGISTRATION ALGORITHM FOR POINT CLOUDS FROM UAV IMAGES FOR CHANGE DETECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Al-Rawabdeh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Landslides are among the major threats to urban landscape and manmade infrastructure. They often cause economic losses, property damages, and loss of lives. Temporal monitoring data of landslides from different epochs empowers the evaluation of landslide progression. Alignment of overlapping surfaces from two or more epochs is crucial for the proper analysis of landslide dynamics. The traditional methods for point-cloud-based landslide monitoring rely on using a variation of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP registration procedure to align any reconstructed surfaces from different epochs to a common reference frame. However, sometimes the ICP-based registration can fail or may not provide sufficient accuracy. For example, point clouds from different epochs might fit to local minima due to lack of geometrical variability within the data. Also, manual interaction is required to exclude any non-stable areas from the registration process. In this paper, a robust image-based registration method is introduced for the simultaneous evaluation of all registration parameters. This includes the Interior Orientation Parameters (IOPs of the camera and the Exterior Orientation Parameters (EOPs of the involved images from all available observation epochs via a bundle block adjustment with self-calibration. Next, a semi-global dense matching technique is implemented to generate dense 3D point clouds for each epoch using the images captured in a particular epoch separately. The normal distances between any two consecutive point clouds can then be readily computed, because the point clouds are already effectively co-registered. A low-cost DJI Phantom II Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV was customised and used in this research for temporal data collection over an active soil creep area in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. The customisation included adding a GPS logger and a Large-Field-Of-View (LFOV action camera which facilitated capturing high-resolution geo-tagged images

  17. Higher Order Kernels and Locally Affine LDDMM Registration

    CERN Document Server

    Sommer, Stefan; Darkner, Sune; Pennec, Xavier

    2011-01-01

    To achieve sparse description that allows intuitive analysis, we aim to represent deformation with a basis containing interpretable elements, and we wish to use elements that have the description capacity to represent the deformation compactly. We accomplish this by introducing higher order kernels in the LDDMM registration framework. The kernels allow local description of affine transformations and subsequent compact description of non-translational movement and of the entire non-rigid deformation. This is obtained with a representation that contains directly interpretable information from both mathematical and modeling perspectives. We develop the mathematical construction behind the higher order kernels, we show the implications for sparse image registration and deformation description, and we provide examples of how the capacity of the kernels enables registration with a very low number of parameters. The capacity and interpretability of the kernels lead to natural modeling of articulated movement, and th...

  18. Verification and Validation of a Fingerprint Image Registration Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The need for reliable identification and authentication is driving the increased use of biometric devices and systems. Verification and validation techniques applicable to these systems are rather immature and ad hoc, yet the consequences of the wide deployment of biometric systems could be significant. In this paper we discuss an approach towards validation and reliability estimation of a fingerprint registration software. Our validation approach includes the following three steps: (a the validation of the source code with respect to the system requirements specification; (b the validation of the optimization algorithm, which is in the core of the registration system; and (c the automation of testing. Since the optimization algorithm is heuristic in nature, mathematical analysis and test results are used to estimate the reliability and perform failure analysis of the image registration module.

  19. Semi-automatic elastic registration on thyroid gland ultrasonic image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xia; Zhong, Yue; Luo, Yan; Li, Deyu; Lin, Jiangli; Wang, Tianfu

    2007-12-01

    Knowledge of in vivo thyroid volume has both diagnostic and therapeutic importance and could lead to a more precise quantification of absolute activity contained in the thyroid gland. However, the shape of thyroid gland is irregular and difficult to calculate. For precise estimation of thyroid volume by ultrasound imaging, this paper presents a novel semiautomatic minutiae matching method in thyroid gland ultrasonic image by means of thin-plate spline model. Registration consists of four basic steps: feature detection, feature matching, mapping function design, and image transformation and resampling. Due to the connectivity of thyroid gland boundary, we choose active contour model as feature detector, and radials from centric points for feature matching. The proposed approach has been used in thyroid gland ultrasound images registration. Registration results of 18 healthy adults' thyroid gland ultrasound images show this method consumes less time and energy with good objectivity than algorithms selecting landmarks manually.

  20. Regional manifold learning for deformable registration of brain MR images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Dong Hye; Hamm, Jihun; Kwon, Dongjin; Davatzikos, Christos; Pohl, Kilian M

    2012-01-01

    We propose a method for deformable registration based on learning the manifolds of individual brain regions. Recent publications on registration of medical images advocate the use of manifold learning in order to confine the search space to anatomically plausible deformations. Existing methods construct manifolds based on a single metric over the entire image domain thus frequently miss regional brain variations. We address this issue by first learning manifolds for specific regions and then computing region-specific deformations from these manifolds. We then determine deformations for the entire image domain by learning the global manifold in such a way that it preserves the region-specific deformations. We evaluate the accuracy of our method by applying it to the LPBA40 dataset and measuring the overlap of the deformed segmentations. The result shows significant improvement in registration accuracy on cortex regions compared to other state of the art methods.

  1. Uncertainty driven probabilistic voxel selection for image registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oreshkin, Boris N; Arbel, Tal

    2013-10-01

    This paper presents a novel probabilistic voxel selection strategy for medical image registration in time-sensitive contexts, where the goal is aggressive voxel sampling (e.g., using less than 1% of the total number) while maintaining registration accuracy and low failure rate. We develop a Bayesian framework whereby, first, a voxel sampling probability field (VSPF) is built based on the uncertainty on the transformation parameters. We then describe a practical, multi-scale registration algorithm, where, at each optimization iteration, different voxel subsets are sampled based on the VSPF. The approach maximizes accuracy without committing to a particular fixed subset of voxels. The probabilistic sampling scheme developed is shown to manage the tradeoff between the robustness of traditional random voxel selection (by permitting more exploration) and the accuracy of fixed voxel selection (by permitting a greater proportion of informative voxels).

  2. Hue-assisted automatic registration of color point clouds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Men

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a variant of the extended Gaussian image based registration algorithm for point clouds with surface color information. The method correlates the distributions of surface normals for rotational alignment and grid occupancy for translational alignment with hue filters applied during the construction of surface normal histograms and occupancy grids. In this method, the size of the point cloud is reduced with a hue-based down sampling that is independent of the point sample density or local geometry. Experimental results show that use of the hue filters increases the registration speed and improves the registration accuracy. Coarse rigid transformations determined in this step enable fine alignment with dense, unfiltered point clouds or using Iterative Common Point (ICP alignment techniques.

  3. Automatic registration method for mobile LiDAR data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ruisheng; Ferrie, Frank P.

    2015-01-01

    We present an automatic mutual information (MI) registration method for mobile LiDAR and panoramas collected from a driving vehicle. The suitability of MI for registration of aerial LiDAR and aerial oblique images has been demonstrated under an assumption that minimization of joint entropy (JE) is a sufficient approximation of maximization of MI. We show that this assumption is invalid for the ground-level data. The entropy of a LiDAR image cannot be regarded as approximately constant for small perturbations. Instead of minimizing the JE, we directly maximize MI to estimate corrections of camera poses. Our method automatically registers mobile LiDAR with spherical panoramas over an approximate 4-km drive, and is the first example we are aware of that tests MI registration in a large-scale context.

  4. Significantly reducing registration time in IGRT using graphics processing units

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noe, Karsten Østergaard; Denis de Senneville, Baudouin; Tanderup, Kari

    2008-01-01

    Purpose/Objective For online IGRT, rapid image processing is needed. Fast parallel computations using graphics processing units (GPUs) have recently been made more accessible through general purpose programming interfaces. We present a GPU implementation of the Horn and Schunck method...... respiration phases in a free breathing volunteer and 41 anatomical landmark points in each image series. The registration method used is a multi-resolution GPU implementation of the 3D Horn and Schunck algorithm. It is based on the CUDA framework from Nvidia. Results On an Intel Core 2 CPU at 2.4GHz each...... registration took 30 minutes. On an Nvidia Geforce 8800GTX GPU in the same machine this registration took 37 seconds, making the GPU version 48.7 times faster. The nine image series of different respiration phases were registered to the same reference image (full inhale). Accuracy was evaluated on landmark...

  5. Block assembly for global registration of building scans

    KAUST Repository

    Yan, Feilong

    2016-11-11

    We propose a framework for global registration of building scans. The first contribution of our work is to detect and use portals (e.g., doors and windows) to improve the local registration between two scans. Our second contribution is an optimization based on a linear integer programming formulation. We abstract each scan as a block and model the blocks registration as an optimization problem that aims at maximizing the overall matching score of the entire scene. We propose an efficient solution to this optimization problem by iteratively detecting and adding local constraints. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method on buildings of various styles and that our approach is superior to the current state of the art.

  6. Hybrid Action Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ronkko, Mauno; Ravn, Anders P.

    1997-01-01

    a differential action, which allows differential equations as primitive actions. The extension allows us to model hybrid systems with both continuous and discrete behaviour. The main result of this paper is an extension of such a hybrid action system with parallel composition. The extension does not change...... the original meaning of the parallel composition, and therefore also the ordinary action systems can be composed in parallel with the hybrid action systems....

  7. Surface-based registration of liver in ultrasound and CT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehghan, Ehsan; Lu, Kongkuo; Yan, Pingkun; Tahmasebi, Amir; Xu, Sheng; Wood, Bradford J.; Abi-Jaoudeh, Nadine; Venkatesan, Aradhana; Kruecker, Jochen

    2015-03-01

    Ultrasound imaging is an attractive modality for real-time image-guided interventions. Fusion of US imaging with a diagnostic imaging modality such as CT shows great potential in minimally invasive applications such as liver biopsy and ablation. However, significantly different representation of liver in US and CT turns this image fusion into a challenging task, in particular if some of the CT scans may be obtained without contrast agents. The liver surface, including the diaphragm immediately adjacent to it, typically appears as a hyper-echoic region in the ultrasound image if the proper imaging window and depth setting are used. The liver surface is also well visualized in both contrast and non-contrast CT scans, thus making the diaphragm or liver surface one of the few attractive common features for registration of US and non-contrast CT. We propose a fusion method based on point-to-volume registration of liver surface segmented in CT to a processed electromagnetically (EM) tracked US volume. In this approach, first, the US image is pre-processed in order to enhance the liver surface features. In addition, non-imaging information from the EM-tracking system is used to initialize and constrain the registration process. We tested our algorithm in comparison with a manually corrected vessel-based registration method using 8 pairs of tracked US and contrast CT volumes. The registration method was able to achieve an average deviation of 12.8mm from the ground truth measured as the root mean square Euclidean distance for control points distributed throughout the US volume. Our results show that if the US image acquisition is optimized for imaging of the diaphragm, high registration success rates are achievable.

  8. Segmenting the Parotid Gland using Registration and Level Set Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Christian; Hansen, Mads Fogtmann; Højgaard, Liselotte;

    The bilateral parotid glands were segmented using a registration scheme followed by level set segmentation. A training set consisting of computerized tomography from 10 patients with segmentation of the bilateral glands were used to optimize the parameters of registration and level set segmentation....... The method was evaluated on a test set consisting of 8 corresponding data sets. The attained total volume Dice coefficient and mean Haussdorff distance were 0.61 ± 0.20 and 15.6 ± 7.4 mm respectively. The method has improvement potential which could be exploited in order for clinical introduction....

  9. Nonrigid Medical Image Registration Based on Mesh Deformation Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XiangBo Lin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Regularizing the deformation field is an important aspect in nonrigid medical image registration. By covering the template image with a triangular mesh, this paper proposes a new regularization constraint in terms of connections between mesh vertices. The connection relationship is preserved by the spring analogy method. The method is evaluated by registering cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI image data obtained from different individuals. Experimental results show that the proposed method has good deformation ability and topology-preserving ability, providing a new way to the nonrigid medical image registration.

  10. PCA-based groupwise image registration for quantitative MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huizinga, W; Poot, D H J; Guyader, J-M; Klaassen, R; Coolen, B F; van Kranenburg, M; van Geuns, R J M; Uitterdijk, A; Polfliet, M; Vandemeulebroucke, J; Leemans, A; Niessen, W J; Klein, S

    2016-04-01

    Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) is a technique for estimating quantitative tissue properties, such as the T1 and T2 relaxation times, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and various perfusion measures. This estimation is achieved by acquiring multiple images with different acquisition parameters (or at multiple time points after injection of a contrast agent) and by fitting a qMRI signal model to the image intensities. Image registration is often necessary to compensate for misalignments due to subject motion and/or geometric distortions caused by the acquisition. However, large differences in image appearance make accurate image registration challenging. In this work, we propose a groupwise image registration method for compensating misalignment in qMRI. The groupwise formulation of the method eliminates the requirement of choosing a reference image, thus avoiding a registration bias. The method minimizes a cost function that is based on principal component analysis (PCA), exploiting the fact that intensity changes in qMRI can be described by a low-dimensional signal model, but not requiring knowledge on the specific acquisition model. The method was evaluated on 4D CT data of the lungs, and both real and synthetic images of five different qMRI applications: T1 mapping in a porcine heart, combined T1 and T2 mapping in carotid arteries, ADC mapping in the abdomen, diffusion tensor mapping in the brain, and dynamic contrast-enhanced mapping in the abdomen. Each application is based on a different acquisition model. The method is compared to a mutual information-based pairwise registration method and four other state-of-the-art groupwise registration methods. Registration accuracy is evaluated in terms of the precision of the estimated qMRI parameters, overlap of segmented structures, distance between corresponding landmarks, and smoothness of the deformation. In all qMRI applications the proposed method performed better than or equally well as

  11. Improved registration system of Cloudtarun over Android Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarun Goyal

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have shown the some improvement in the registration system of the Cloud based application cloudtarun for Android Devices. We examine a technology called Cloud to Device Messaging and how well it integrates with cloud computing. In our investigation we look at the performance of the library, integration with Google App Engine and also the development tools including the API. We had done the performance tests of our application Cloudtarun and to make user registration system easy & simpler, we introduce a new open source library we call Simple-Cloudtarun.

  12. Successful Registration of Proton Tracks With Bubble Detector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    T.Doke; J.Kikuchi; M.Komiyama

    2001-01-01

    A study of registration of proton tracks with T-15 type of bubble detectors is carried out. The bubble detectors are made in China Institute of Atomic Energy. 210 MeV proton beam used to irradiate the bubble detectors is accelerated by the cyclotron at the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research(RIKEN) in Wako, Japan. The study shows that T-15 type of bubble detectors can be used to record proton tracks directly. A proton track is composed of a few bubbles because of the short recordable range of proton in the detectors, Successful registration of proton tracks will extend the

  13. Automatic Registration and Error Detection of Multiple Slices Using Landmarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Frimmel

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. When analysing the 3D structure of tissue, serial sectioning and staining of the resulting slices is sometimes the preferred option. This leads to severe registration problems. In this paper, a method for automatic registration and error detection of slices using landmark needles has been developed. A cost function takes some parameters from the current state of the problem to be solved as input and gives a quality of the current solution as output. The cost function used in this paper, is based on a model of the slices and the landmark needles. The method has been used to register slices of prostates in order to create 3D computer models. Manual registration of the same prostates has been undertaken and compared with the results from the algorithm. Methods. Prostates from sixteen men who underwent radical prostatectomy were formalin fixed with landmark needles, sliced and the slices were computer reconstructed. The cost function takes rotation and translation for each prostate slice, as well as slope and offset for each landmark needle as input. The current quality of fit of the model, using the input parameters given, is returned. The function takes the built‐in instability of the model into account. The method uses a standard algorithm to optimize the prostate slice positions. To verify the result, s standard method in statistics was used. Results. The methods were evaluated for 16 prostates. When testing blindly, a physician could not determine whether the registration shown to him were created by the automated method described in this paper, or manually by an expert, except in one out of 16 cases. Visual inspection and analysis of the outlier confirmed that the input data had been deformed. The automatic detection of erroneous slices marked a few slices, including the outlier, as suspicious. Conclusions. The model based registration performs better than traditional simple slice‐wise registration. In the case of prostate

  14. Congestion estimation technique in the optical network unit registration process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Geunyong; Yoo, Hark; Lee, Dongsoo; Kim, Youngsun; Lim, Hyuk

    2016-07-01

    We present a congestion estimation technique (CET) to estimate the optical network unit (ONU) registration success ratio for the ONU registration process in passive optical networks. An optical line terminal (OLT) estimates the number of collided ONUs via the proposed scheme during the serial number state. The OLT can obtain congestion level among ONUs to be registered such that this information may be exploited to change the size of a quiet window to decrease the collision probability. We verified the efficiency of the proposed method through simulation and experimental results.

  15. Multimodality image registration and fusion using neural network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mostafa G Mostafa; Aly A Farag; Edward Essock

    2003-01-01

    Multimodality image registration and fusion are essential steps in building 3-D models from remotesensing data. We present in this paper a neural network technique for the registration and fusion of multimodali-ty remote sensing data for the reconstruction of 3-D models of terrain regions. A FeedForward neural network isused to fuse the intensity data sets with the spatial data set after learning its geometry. Results on real data arepresented. Human performance evaluation is assessed on several perceptual tests in order to evaluate the fusionresults.

  16. Automatic Image Registration Algorithm Based on Wavelet Transform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Qiong; NI Guo-qiang

    2006-01-01

    An automatic image registration approach based on wavelet transform is proposed. This proposed method utilizes multiscale wavelet transform to extract feature points. A coarse-to-fine feature matching method is utilized in the feature matching phase. A two-way matching method based on cross-correlation to get candidate point pairs and a fine matching based on support strength combine to form the matching algorithm. At last, based on an affine transformation model, the parameters are iteratively refined by using the least-squares estimation approach. Experimental results have verified that the proposed algorithm can realize automatic registration of various kinds of images rapidly and effectively.

  17. Adaptive Local Image Registration: Analysis on Filter Size

    OpenAIRE

    Vishnukumar S; M.Wilscy

    2012-01-01

    Adaptive Local Image Registration is a Local Image Registration based on an Adaptive Filtering frame work. A filter of appropriate size convolves with reference image and gives the pixel values corresponding to the distorted image and the filter is updated in each stage of the convolution. When the filter converges to the system model, it provides the registered image. The filter size plays an important role in this method. The analysis on the filter size is done using Peak Signal-to-Noise Ra...

  18. Deformable image registration for image guided prostate radiotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cassetta, Roberto; Riboldi, Marco; Baroni, Guido [DEIB, Politecnico di Milano, Milano (Italy); Leandro, Kleber; Novaes, Paulo Eduardo [Hospital Vitoria, Santos, SP (Brazil); Goncalves, Vinicius; Sakuraba, Roberto [Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Fattori, Giovanni [Paul Scherrer Institute, Center for Proton Therapy, Villigen (Switzerland)

    2016-07-01

    In this study, we present a CT to CBCT deformable registration method based on the ITK library. An algorithm was developed in order to explore the soft tissue information of the CT-CBCT images to perform deformable image registration (DIR), making efforts to overcome the poor signal-to-noise ratio and HU calibration issues that limits CBCT use for treatment planning purposes. Warped CT images and contours were generated and their impact in adaptive radiotherapy was evaluated by DVH analysis for photon and proton treatments. Considerable discrepancies, related to the treatment planning dose distribution, might be found due to changes in patient’s anatomy. (author)

  19. Image registration based on matrix perturbation analysis using spectral graph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengcai Leng; Zheng Tian; Jing Li; Mingtao Ding

    2009-01-01

    @@ We present a novel perspective on characterizing the spectral correspondence between nodes of the weighted graph with application to image registration.It is based on matrix perturbation analysis on the spectral graph.The contribution may be divided into three parts.Firstly, the perturbation matrix is obtained by perturbing the matrix of graph model.Secondly, an orthogonal matrix is obtained based on an optimal parameter, which can better capture correspondence features.Thirdly, the optimal matching matrix is proposed by adjusting signs of orthogonal matrix for image registration.Experiments on both synthetic images and real-world images demonstrate the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method.

  20. Coercive Region-level Registration for Multi-modal Images

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Yu-Hui; Newstadt, Gregory; Simmons, Jeffrey; hero, Alfred

    2015-01-01

    We propose a coercive approach to simultaneously register and segment multi-modal images which share similar spatial structure. Registration is done at the region level to facilitate data fusion while avoiding the need for interpolation. The algorithm performs alternating minimization of an objective function informed by statistical models for pixel values in different modalities. Hypothesis tests are developed to determine whether to refine segmentations by splitting regions. We demonstrate that our approach has significantly better performance than the state-of-the-art registration and segmentation methods on microscopy images.

  1. DAPs: Deep Action Proposals for Action Understanding

    KAUST Repository

    Escorcia, Victor

    2016-09-17

    Object proposals have contributed significantly to recent advances in object understanding in images. Inspired by the success of this approach, we introduce Deep Action Proposals (DAPs), an effective and efficient algorithm for generating temporal action proposals from long videos. We show how to take advantage of the vast capacity of deep learning models and memory cells to retrieve from untrimmed videos temporal segments, which are likely to contain actions. A comprehensive evaluation indicates that our approach outperforms previous work on a large scale action benchmark, runs at 134 FPS making it practical for large-scale scenarios, and exhibits an appealing ability to generalize, i.e. to retrieve good quality temporal proposals of actions unseen in training.

  2. Configurable automatic detection and registration of fiducial frames for device-to-image registration in MRI-guided prostate interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokuda, Junichi; Song, Sang-Eun; Tuncali, Kemal; Tempany, Clare; Hata, Nobuhiko

    2013-01-01

    We propose a novel automatic fiducial frame detection and registration method for device-to-image registration in MRI-guided prostate interventions. The proposed method does not require any manual selection of markers, and can be applied to a variety of fiducial frames, which consist of multiple cylindrical MR-visible markers placed in different orientations. The key idea is that automatic extraction of linear features using a line filter is more robust than that of bright spots by thresholding; by applying a line set registration algorithm to the detected markers, the frame can be registered to the MRI. The method was capable of registering the fiducial frame to the MRI with an accuracy of 1.00 +/- 0.73 mm and 1.41 +/- 1.06 degrees in a phantom study, and was sufficiently robust to detect the fiducial frame in 98% of images acquired in clinical cases despite the existence of anatomical structures in the field of view.

  3. All in action

    CERN Document Server

    Annila, Arto

    2010-01-01

    The principle of least action provides a holistic worldview in which nature in its entirety and every detail is pictured in terms of actions. Each and every action is ultimately composed of one or multiples of the most elementary action which corresponds to the Planck's constant. Elements of space are closed actions, known as fermions, whereas elements of time are open actions, known as bosons. The actions span energy landscape, the Universe which evolves irreversibly according to the 2nd law of thermodynamics by diminishing density differences in least time. During the step-by-step evolution densely-curled actions unfold by opening up and expelling one or multiple elementary actions to their surrounding sparser space. The manifold's varieties process from one symmetry group to another until the equivalence to their dual, i.e., the surrounding density has been attained. The scale-free physical portrayal of nature does not recognize any fundamental difference between fundamental particles and fundamental force...

  4. 75 FR 43166 - Information Collection; OMB Control No. 3090-00XX; FSRS Registration and Prime Awardee Entity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-23

    ... regarding FSRS Registration and Prime Awardee Entity-Related Information Reporting Requirements. Public... performance of functions of the FSRS Registration and Prime Awardee Entity-Related Information Reporting... ``Information Collection 3090-XXXX, FSRS Registration and Prime Awardee Entity- Related Information ]...

  5. 77 FR 12621 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Mylan Pharmaceuticals... FR 81978, Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 781 Chestnut Ridge Road, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, made...), and determined that the registration of Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. to import the basic classes...

  6. 77 FR 16264 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration; Halo Pharmaceutical Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration; Halo Pharmaceutical... FR 77850, Halo Pharmaceutical Inc., 30 North Jefferson Road, Whippany, New Jersey 07981, made... determined that the registration of Halo Pharmaceutical Inc. to manufacture the listed basic classes...

  7. 77 FR 30326 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice Of Registration; Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice Of Registration; Mylan Pharmaceuticals... 12620, Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 781 Chestnut Ridge Road, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, made... registration of Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. to import the basic classes of controlled substances is...

  8. Registration of vehicles at the Gex sous-préfecture: now by appointment only

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    The Gex sous-préfecture has informed CERN that it has taken the following steps in order to reduce waiting times at its counters for the issue of carte grise vehicle registration certificates. As of 1 February 2016, you must book an appointment via the website http://www.rdv.ain.gouv.fr/ for all services relating to the registration of vehicles, in particular the:   change of the holder of a registration certificate, issue of a certificat de situation administrative (administrative status certificate required for the sale of a vehicle), change of marital status (or company name in the case of legal entities), change of address, change in the technical specification of the vehicle, corrections to registration certificates, equests for duplicates (loss or theft of registration certificates), registration of a diplomatic vehicle (CERN), registration of a new vehicle, registration of vehicles purchased tax-free in the Pays de Gex free zone (formerly TTW series), and import of vehicles (from ...

  9. 75 FR 20842 - Pirimicarb; Product Cancellation Order for Certain Pesticide Registrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... products containing the pesticide pirimicarb, pursuant to section 3 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide... AGENCY Pirimicarb; Product Cancellation Order for Certain Pesticide Registrations AGENCY: Environmental... Odiott, Registration Division, Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency,...

  10. 75 FR 61750 - Chloroneb; Product Cancellation Order for Certain Pesticide Registrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... containing the pesticide chloroneb, pursuant to section 3 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and... AGENCY Chloroneb; Product Cancellation Order for Certain Pesticide Registrations AGENCY: Environmental... certain chloroneb time-limited registrations. These are not the last products containing this...

  11. 75 FR 34115 - Pesticides; Availability of Updated Schedule for Registration Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    ... AGENCY Pesticides; Availability of Updated Schedule for Registration Review AGENCY: Environmental... for the pesticide registration review program, the periodic review of all registered pesticides mandated by section 3(g) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). The...

  12. 77 FR 75672 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration, Halo Pharmaceutical, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration, Halo Pharmaceutical... 47114, Halo Pharmaceutical, Inc., 30 North Jefferson Road, Whippany, New Jersey 07981, made application... determined that the registration of Halo Pharmaceutical, Inc., to manufacture the listed basic classes...

  13. 78 FR 33441 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories, LTD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Caraco Pharmaceutical..., 78 FR 12101, Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Ltd., 270 Prospect Plains Road, Cranbury, New Jersey... registration of Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Ltd., to import the basic class of controlled substance...

  14. 49 CFR 604.15 - Registration of qualified human service organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Human Service Organizations and Duties for Recipients With Respect to Charter Registration Web site § 604.15 Registration of qualified human service organizations. (a) Qualified human service... human service organization resides; (3) Basic financial information regarding the qualified...

  15. Cardiovascular drugs : discrepancies in demographics between pre- and post-registration use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, NF; de Graeff, PA; van der Werf, GT; Vos, R

    1999-01-01

    Objectives: To study discrepancies in demographic characteristics between patients participating in pre-registration phase III trials of cardiovascular drugs, registered in the Netherlands, and patient populations in daily practice representing the actual users of the drugs after registration. Metho

  16. Practical and conceptual issues of clinical trial registration for Brazilian researchers

    OpenAIRE

    Carolina Gomes Freitas; Thomas Fernando Coelho Pesavento; Maurício Reis Pedrosa; Rachel Riera; Maria Regina Torloni

    2015-01-01

    CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Clinical trial registration is a prerequisite for publication in respected scientific journals. Recent Brazilian regulations also require registration of some clinical trials in the Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (ReBEC) but there is little information available about practical issues involved in the registration process. This article discusses the importance of clinical trial registration and the practical issues involved in this process. DESIGN AND SETTING: Desc...

  17. 32 CFR 635.7 - Registration of sex offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Registration of sex offenders. 635.7 Section 635.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW... of sex offenders. Soldiers who are convicted by court-martial for certain sexual offenses must...

  18. The High Impact of Penicillin Allergy Registration in Hospitalized Patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, Savannah M.; Gardarsdottir, Helga; Wassenberg, Marjan W M; Oosterheert, Jan Jelrik; de Groot, Mark C H; Rockmann, Heike

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Suspected penicillin allergy (Pen-A) is often not verified or excluded by diagnostic testing. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and impact of Pen-A registration in a Dutch University Medical Center. METHODS: In a prospective matched cohort study, all admitted patients (July 2013-July 2

  19. The High Impact of Penicillin Allergy Registration in Hospitalized Patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, Savannah M.; Gardarsdottir, Helga; Wassenberg, Marjan W M; Oosterheert, Jan Jelrik; de Groot, Mark C H; Rockmann, Heike

    2016-01-01

    Background Suspected penicillin allergy (Pen-A) is often not verified or excluded by diagnostic testing. Objective To assess the prevalence and impact of Pen-A registration in a Dutch University Medical Center. Methods In a prospective matched cohort study, all admitted patients (July 2013-July 2014

  20. Multimodal registration of remotely sensed images based on Jeffrey's divergence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaocong; Li, Xia; Liu, Xiaoping; Shen, Huanfeng; Shi, Qian

    2016-12-01

    Entropy-based measures (e.g., mutual information, also known as Kullback-Leiber divergence), which quantify the similarity between two signals, are widely used as similarity measures for image registration. Although they are proven superior to many classical statistical measures, entropy-based measures, such as mutual information, may fail to yield the optimum registration if the multimodal image pair has insufficient scene overlap region. To overcome this challenge, we proposed using the symmetric form of Kullback-Leiber divergence, namely Jeffrey's divergence, as the similarity measure in practical multimodal image registration tasks. Mathematical analysis was performed to investigate the causes accounting for the limitation of mutual information when dealing with insufficient scene overlap image pairs. Experimental registrations of SPOT image, Landsat TM image, ALOS PalSAR image, and DEM data were carried out to compare the performance of Jeffrey's divergence and mutual information. Results indicate that Jeffrey's divergence is capable of providing larger feasible search space, which is favorable for exploring optimum transformation parameters in a larger range. This superiority of Jeffrey's divergence was further confirmed by a series of paradigms. Thus, the proposed model is more applicable for registering image pairs that are greatly misaligned or have an insufficient scene overlap region.

  1. Family Experiences of Young Adult Sex Offender Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comartin, Erin B.; Kernsmith, Poco D.; Miles, Bart W.

    2010-01-01

    Since 1994, policies have been instituted throughout the United States that require sex offenders to register their personal information with law enforcement officials (Jacob Wetterling Crimes against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Program, 1994). With the passage of additional laws, this information is now available to the…

  2. 8 CFR 264.1 - Registration and fingerprinting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... (B) Camera ready card. Prior to the issuance of Form I-688, all applicants, regardless of age, shall appear at the appropriate legalization or Service office for placement of fingerprint and signature on I... registration. (B) Waiver of requirements. The Service may waive the photograph, interview or the placement...

  3. Adaptive mesh generation for image registration and segmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fogtmann, Mads; Larsen, Rasmus

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with the problem of generating quality tetrahedral meshes for image registration. From an initial coarse mesh the approach matches the mesh to the image volume by combining red-green subdivision and mesh evolution through mesh-to-image matching regularized with a mesh quality...

  4. Hierarchical segmentation-assisted multimodal registration for MR brain images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Huanxiang; Beisteiner, Roland; Nolte, Lutz-Peter; Reyes, Mauricio

    2013-04-01

    Information theory-based metric such as mutual information (MI) is widely used as similarity measurement for multimodal registration. Nevertheless, this metric may lead to matching ambiguity for non-rigid registration. Moreover, maximization of MI alone does not necessarily produce an optimal solution. In this paper, we propose a segmentation-assisted similarity metric based on point-wise mutual information (PMI). This similarity metric, termed SPMI, enhances the registration accuracy by considering tissue classification probabilities as prior information, which is generated from an expectation maximization (EM) algorithm. Diffeomorphic demons is then adopted as the registration model and is optimized in a hierarchical framework (H-SPMI) based on different levels of anatomical structure as prior knowledge. The proposed method is evaluated using Brainweb synthetic data and clinical fMRI images. Both qualitative and quantitative assessment were performed as well as a sensitivity analysis to the segmentation error. Compared to the pure intensity-based approaches which only maximize mutual information, we show that the proposed algorithm provides significantly better accuracy on both synthetic and clinical data.

  5. Sudden cardiac arrest in sports - need for uniform registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Solberg, E E; Borjesson, M; Sharma, S;

    2016-01-01

    There are large variations in the incidence, registration methods and reported causes of sudden cardiac arrest/sudden cardiac death (SCA/SCD) in competitive and recreational athletes. A crucial question is to which degree these variations are genuine or partly due to methodological incongruities....

  6. Nonrigid Registration of Monomodal MRI Using Linear Viscoelastic Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a method for nonrigid registration of monomodal MRI based on physical laws. The proposed method assumes that the properties of image deformations are like those of viscoelastic matter, which exhibits the properties of both an elastic solid and a viscous fluid. Therefore, the deformation fields of the deformed image are constrained by both sets of properties. After global registration, the local shape variations are assumed to have the properties of the Maxwell model of linear viscoelasticity, and the deformation fields are constrained by the corresponding partial differential equations. To speed up the registration, an adaptive force is introduced according to the maximum displacement of each iteration. Both synthetic datasets and real datasets are used to evaluate the proposed method. We compare the results of the linear viscoelastic model with those of the fluid model on the basis of both the standard and adaptive forces. The results demonstrate that the adaptive force increases in both models and that the linear viscoelastic model improves the registration accuracy.

  7. Diffeomorphic image registration with automatic time-step adjustment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pai, Akshay Sadananda Uppinakudru; Klein, S.; Sommer, Stefan Horst;

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an automated Euler's time-step adjustment scheme for diffeomorphic image registration using stationary velocity fields (SVFs). The proposed variational problem aims at bounding the inverse consistency error by adaptively adjusting the number of Euler's step required...

  8. Multibeam 3D Underwater SLAM with Probabilistic Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palomer, Albert; Ridao, Pere; Ribas, David

    2016-04-20

    This paper describes a pose-based underwater 3D Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) using a multibeam echosounder to produce high consistency underwater maps. The proposed algorithm compounds swath profiles of the seafloor with dead reckoning localization to build surface patches (i.e., point clouds). An Iterative Closest Point (ICP) with a probabilistic implementation is then used to register the point clouds, taking into account their uncertainties. The registration process is divided in two steps: (1) point-to-point association for coarse registration and (2) point-to-plane association for fine registration. The point clouds of the surfaces to be registered are sub-sampled in order to decrease both the computation time and also the potential of falling into local minima during the registration. In addition, a heuristic is used to decrease the complexity of the association step of the ICP from O(n2) to O(n) . The performance of the SLAM framework is tested using two real world datasets: First, a 2.5D bathymetric dataset obtained with the usual down-looking multibeam sonar configuration, and second, a full 3D underwater dataset acquired with a multibeam sonar mounted on a pan and tilt unit.

  9. Jacobians for Lebesgue registration for a range of similarity measures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sporring, Jon; Darkner, Sune

    In [Darkner and Sporring, 2011] was presented a framework based on locally orderless images and Lebesgue integration resulting in a fast algorithm for registration using normalized mutual information as dissimilarity measure. This report extends the algorithm to arbitrary complex similarity measu...... measures and supplies the full derivatives of a range of common dissimilarity measures as well as their obvious extensions....

  10. 27 CFR 19.152 - Data for application for registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... and basic permits, and of the operations, withdrawal, or unit bonds (including those filed with the... required if the operations or unit bond is in the maximum sum.) (j) With respect to any distilled spirits... necessary to determine whether the application for registration should be approved. (68 A Stat. 731,...

  11. Higher-order Spatial Accuracy in Diffeomorphic Image Registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobs, Henry O.; Sommer, Stefan

    We discretize a cost functional for image registration problems by deriving Taylor expansions for the matching term. Minima of the discretized cost functionals can be computed with no spatial discretization error, and the optimal solutions are equivalent to minimal energy curves in the space of kk...

  12. Higher-order momentum distributions and locally affine LDDMM registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Stefan Horst; Nielsen, Mads; Darkner, Sune;

    2013-01-01

    higher-order momentum distributions in the large deformation diffeomorphic metric mapping (LDDMM) registration framework. While the zeroth-order moments previously used in LDDMM only describe local displacement, the first-order momenta that are proposed here represent a basis that allows local...

  13. 75 FR 44286 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated March... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled... company plans to manufacture Hydromorphone HCL for sale to other manufacturers and for the manufacture...

  14. 76 FR 23627 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of controlled... company is a contract manufacturer. At the request of the company's customers, it manufactures...

  15. 77 FR 2324 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of... as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: January 6,...

  16. 76 FR 44358 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April... Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of controlled... manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: July 19, 2011. Joseph T....

  17. 75 FR 10314 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ...: 2010-4723] DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances... registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed in schedules I and II... company is granted registration as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled...

  18. 75 FR 32506 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled... a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: May 28,...

  19. 76 FR 53961 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of 4-Anilino-N-phenethyl-4-Piperidine... controlled substance in the manufacturer of another controlled substance. No comments or objections have...

  20. 76 FR 36578 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... Enforcement Administration Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated March... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as a bulk manufacturer of the following basic classes of... a bulk manufacturer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed. Dated: June 14,...

  1. 77 FR 32881 - Supervised Securities Holding Company Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... 81 Supervised Securities Holding Company Registration AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal...'' or ``Act''), which permits nonbank companies that own at least one registered securities broker or dealer, and that are required by a foreign regulator or provision of foreign law to be subject...

  2. A computer-based registration system for geological collections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Germeraad, J.H.; Freudenthal, M.; Boogaard, van den M.; Arps, C.E.S.

    1972-01-01

    The new computer-based registration system, a project of the National Museum of Geology and Mineralogy in the Netherlands, will considerably increase the accessibility of the Museum collection. This greater access is realized by computerisation of the data in great detail, so that an almost unlimite

  3. 49 CFR 599.200 - Registration of participating dealers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... franchise agreement to sell new automobiles with an original equipment manufacturer of automobiles; (4) A...) Dealer's Federal Tax Identification Number (TIN) and OEM assigned dealer franchise number; (ii) Legal.... (e) Revocation of Dealer Registration. (1) Termination or Discontinuance of Franchise. (i) A...

  4. Evaluation of registration, compression and classification algorithms. Volume 1: Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayroe, R.; Atkinson, R.; Callas, L.; Hodges, J.; Gaggini, B.; Peterson, J.

    1979-01-01

    The registration, compression, and classification algorithms were selected on the basis that such a group would include most of the different and commonly used approaches. The results of the investigation indicate clearcut, cost effective choices for registering, compressing, and classifying multispectral imagery.

  5. Multibeam 3D Underwater SLAM with Probabilistic Registration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Palomer

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a pose-based underwater 3D Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM using a multibeam echosounder to produce high consistency underwater maps. The proposed algorithm compounds swath profiles of the seafloor with dead reckoning localization to build surface patches (i.e., point clouds. An Iterative Closest Point (ICP with a probabilistic implementation is then used to register the point clouds, taking into account their uncertainties. The registration process is divided in two steps: (1 point-to-point association for coarse registration and (2 point-to-plane association for fine registration. The point clouds of the surfaces to be registered are sub-sampled in order to decrease both the computation time and also the potential of falling into local minima during the registration. In addition, a heuristic is used to decrease the complexity of the association step of the ICP from O ( n 2 to O ( n . The performance of the SLAM framework is tested using two real world datasets: First, a 2.5D bathymetric dataset obtained with the usual down-looking multibeam sonar configuration, and second, a full 3D underwater dataset acquired with a multibeam sonar mounted on a pan and tilt unit.

  6. 40 CFR 80.597 - What are the registration requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Motor Vehicle Diesel Fuel; Nonroad, Locomotive, and Marine Diesel Fuel; and ECA Marine Fuel Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements § 80.597 What are...) Registration for motor vehicle diesel fuel. Refiners having any refinery that is subject to a sulfur...

  7. Personal protective equipment for registration purposes of pesticides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerritsen-Ebben, M.G.; Brouwer, D.H.; Hemmen, J.J. van

    2007-01-01

    Regulatory authorities in North America, Europe and Australia use different approaches for the estimation of exposure reduction effectiveness of personal protective equipment (PPE) in registration processes of agrochemical pesticides. TNO has investigated current views and facts for the use of defau

  8. A national multicenter registration study. Omalizumb in children in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangberg, Katrien; Jørgensen, Inger Merete; Agertoft, Lone;

    allergic asthma according to GINA treated with Omalizumab • Total serum IgE >? • Planned and accepted off-label treatment Outcome registration: A broad panel of outcome measures is scheduled at baseline and during treatment: Outcomes: • Asthma exacerbations • Hospitalizations • Medication • Lung function...

  9. 76 FR 35242 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April 11, 2011 and published in the Federal Register on April 19, 2011, 76 FR 21915, Stepan Company, Natural... Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Coca Leaves (9040), a...

  10. 77 FR 52366 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-29

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June 4, 2012, and published in the Federal Register on June 12, 2012, 77 FR 35020, Arizona Department of... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Pentobarbital (2270), a basic class...

  11. 75 FR 32505 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated October 21, 2009, and published in the Federal Register on October 29, 2009 (74 FR 55858), Johnson Matthey... application by renewal to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of...

  12. 77 FR 4832 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June 1, 2011, and published in the Federal Register on June 9, 2011, 76 FR 33784, Alltech Associates, Inc... Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the following basic classes of controlled...

  13. 76 FR 10068 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated November 1, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on November 12, 2010, 75 FR 69461, Wildlife... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Etorphine Hydrochloride (9059), a...

  14. 75 FR 9614 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated October 16, 2009, and published in the Federal Register on October 28, 2009 (74 FR 55584), Clinical Supplies... Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Poppy Straw Concentrate (9670), a basic class...

  15. 76 FR 53961 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June 7, 2011, and published in the Federal Register on June 16, 2011, 76 FR 35241, Wildlife Laboratories, 1401... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Etorphine Hydrochloride (9059), a...

  16. 76 FR 17968 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated November 1, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on November 12, 2010, 75 FR 69460, GE Healthcare... Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Cocaine (9041), a basic...

  17. 76 FR 3160 - Importer of Controlled Substances Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances Notice of Registration By Notice dated May 28, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on June 8, 2010 (75 FR 32505), Meda Pharmaceuticals, Inc... Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Nabilone (7379), a basic class of controlled...

  18. 76 FR 3160 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated May 28, 2010 and published in the Federal Register on June 8, 2010, (75 FR 32504), Stepan Company, Natural... Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Coca Leaves (9040), a...

  19. 76 FR 586 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated October 19, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on October 26, 2010, 75 FR 65658, Noramco, Inc... renewal to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the...

  20. 75 FR 32506 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated October 20, 2009 and published in the Federal Register on October 28, 2009 (74 FR 55583), Cody Laboratories... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the basic classes of controlled...

  1. 76 FR 38209 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April 11, 2011, and published in the Federal Register on April 19, 2011, 76 FR 21915, Meda Pharmaceuticals, Inc... Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Nabilone (7379), a basic class of controlled...

  2. 76 FR 17967 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated October 8, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on October 20, 2010 75 FR 64744, Hospira Inc., 1776 North... Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Remifentanil (9739), a basic class of...

  3. 75 FR 9613 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated November 23, 2009, and published in the Federal Register on December 2, 2009 (74 FR 63156), ISP Freetown Fine... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Phenylacetone (8501), a basic class...

  4. 76 FR 77253 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated September 27, 2011, and published in the Federal Register on October 7, 2011, 76 FR 62446, Fisher Clinical... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the following basic classes of...

  5. 78 FR 49545 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated May 14, 2013, and published in the Federal Register on May 22, 2013, 78 FR 30330, Arizona Department of... Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Pentobarbital (2270), a...

  6. 77 FR 5846 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated September 28, 2011, and published in the Federal Register on October 7, 2011, 76 FR 62447, Cody Laboratories... material are not appropriate, 72 FR 3417 (2007). DEA has considered the factors in 21 U.S.C. 823(a) and...

  7. 76 FR 51400 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated May 13, 2011, and published in the Federal Register on May 27, 2011, 76 FR 30968, Almac Clinical Services Inc... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the following basic classes of...

  8. 78 FR 23595 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-19

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated January 16, 2013, and published in the Federal Register on January 25, 2013, 78 FR 5497, Nebraska State... Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Pentobarbital (2270), a basic class of...

  9. 76 FR 42732 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June 7, 2011 and published in the Federal Register on June 16, 2011, 76 FR 35239, Penick Corporation, 33... Application pertaining to Rhodes Technologies, 72 FR 2417 (2007), comments and requests for hearings...

  10. 76 FR 57080 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-15

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated June 7, 2011, and published in the Federal Register on June 16, 2011, 76 FR 35239, Noramco Inc., 1440 Olympic... be registered as an importer of Phenylacetone (8501), a basic class of controlled substance listed...

  11. 76 FR 22422 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated November 19, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on December 3, 2010, 75 FR 75495, Chattem Chemicals... the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of...

  12. 75 FR 76755 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated August 3, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on September 1, 2010, (75 FR 53719), Alltech Associates... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the basic classes of controlled...

  13. 75 FR 44285 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April 20, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on April 26, 2010, (75 FR 21661), Almac Clinical Services... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the basic classes of controlled...

  14. 75 FR 36694 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated December 17, 2009, and published in the Federal Register on January 4, 2010 (75 FR 160), Mylan Technologies... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the basic classes of controlled...

  15. 75 FR 44285 - Importer of Controlled Substances: Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances: Notice of Registration By Notice dated April 26, 2010 and published in the Federal Register on April 30, 2010, (75 FR 22844), Penick Corporation, 33... Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the basic classes of controlled substances listed...

  16. 76 FR 25374 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated November 18, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on December 3, 2010, 75 FR 75494, Clinical Supplies... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of Sufentanil (9740), a basic class...

  17. 75 FR 44284 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration By Notice dated April 20, 2010, and published in the Federal Register on April 26, 2010, (75 FR 21660), Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc... Enforcement Administration (DEA) to be registered as an importer of the basic classes of controlled...

  18. 46 CFR 402.210 - Requirements and qualifications for registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the applicant's or Registered Pilot's visual acuity, color sense, physical condition, and competency... original registration must have a visual acuity either with or without glasses of at least 20/20 vision in... color sense of original applicants and Registered Pilots shall be tested by a pseudoisochromatic...

  19. Lung CT registration combining intensity, curves and surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorbunova, Vladlena; Durrieman, Stanley; Lo, Pechin Chien Pau

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we propose a registration method that combinesintensity information with geometrical information inthe form of curves and surfaces derived from lung CT images.Vessel tree centerlines and lung surfaces were extractedfrom segmented structures. First, a current-based registrationwas ap...

  20. Proceedings of the NASA Workshop on Registration and Rectification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, N. A. (Editor)

    1982-01-01

    Issues associated with the registration and rectification of remotely sensed data. Near and long range applications research tasks and some medium range technology augmentation research areas are recommended. Image sharpness, feature extraction, inter-image mapping, error analysis, and verification methods are addressed.

  1. Registration of multimodal brain images: some experimental results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hua-mei; Varshney, Pramod K.

    2002-03-01

    Joint histogram of two images is required to uniquely determine the mutual information between the two images. It has been pointed out that, under certain conditions, existing joint histogram estimation algorithms like partial volume interpolation (PVI) and linear interpolation may result in different types of artifact patterns in the MI based registration function by introducing spurious maxima. As a result, the artifacts may hamper the global optimization process and limit registration accuracy. In this paper we present an extensive study of interpolation-induced artifacts using simulated brain images and show that similar artifact patterns also exist when other intensity interpolation algorithms like cubic convolution interpolation and cubic B-spline interpolation are used. A new joint histogram estimation scheme named generalized partial volume estimation (GPVE) is proposed to eliminate the artifacts. A kernel function is involved in the proposed scheme and when the 1st order B-spline is chosen as the kernel function, it is equivalent to the PVI. A clinical brain image database furnished by Vanderbilt University is used to compare the accuracy of our algorithm with that of PVI. Our experimental results show that the use of higher order kernels can effectively remove the artifacts and, in cases when MI based registration result suffers from the artifacts, registration accuracy can be improved significantly.

  2. Non-rigid registration by geometry-constrained diffusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Per Rønsholt; Nielsen, Mads

    1999-01-01

    are not given. We will advocate the viewpoint that the aperture and the 3D interpolation problem may be solved simultaneously by finding the simplest displacement field. This is obtained by a geometry-constrained diffusion which yields the simplest displacement field in a precise sense. The point registration...

  3. 31 CFR 306.12 - Errors in registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Errors in registration. 306.12 Section 306.12 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING...

  4. Dense image registration through MRFs and efficient linear programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glocker, Ben; Komodakis, Nikos; Tziritas, Georgios; Navab, Nassir; Paragios, Nikos

    2008-12-01

    In this paper, we introduce a novel and efficient approach to dense image registration, which does not require a derivative of the employed cost function. In such a context, the registration problem is formulated using a discrete Markov random field objective function. First, towards dimensionality reduction on the variables we assume that the dense deformation field can be expressed using a small number of control points (registration grid) and an interpolation strategy. Then, the registration cost is expressed using a discrete sum over image costs (using an arbitrary similarity measure) projected on the control points, and a smoothness term that penalizes local deviations on the deformation field according to a neighborhood system on the grid. Towards a discrete approach, the search space is quantized resulting in a fully discrete model. In order to account for large deformations and produce results on a high resolution level, a multi-scale incremental approach is considered where the optimal solution is iteratively updated. This is done through successive morphings of the source towards the target image. Efficient linear programming using the primal dual principles is considered to recover the lowest potential of the cost function. Very promising results using synthetic data with known deformations and real data demonstrate the potentials of our approach.

  5. Various Actions for Pregeometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terazawa, H.

    1991-08-01

    Various actions for pregeometry are presented and compared. The ``space-field identity'' which equates the n-beins to the derivatives of fundamental scalars is derived from a simple action but seems to be too restrictive to be practical.

  6. Recovery Action Mapping Tool

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Recovery Action Mapping Tool is a web map that allows users to visually interact with and query actions that were developed to recover species listed under the...

  7. Action Rules Mining

    CERN Document Server

    Dardzinska, Agnieszka

    2013-01-01

    We are surrounded by data, numerical, categorical and otherwise, which must to be analyzed and processed to convert it into information that instructs, answers or aids understanding and decision making. Data analysts in many disciplines such as business, education or medicine, are frequently asked to analyze new data sets which are often composed of numerous tables possessing different properties. They try to find completely new correlations between attributes and show new possibilities for users.   Action rules mining discusses some of data mining and knowledge discovery principles and then describe representative concepts, methods and algorithms connected with action. The author introduces the formal definition of action rule, notion of a simple association action rule and a representative action rule, the cost of association action rule, and gives a strategy how to construct simple association action rules of a lowest cost. A new approach for generating action rules from datasets with numerical attributes...

  8. 7 CFR 800.39 - Suspension or revocation of registration for cause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension or revocation of registration for cause... AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Registration § 800.39 Suspension or revocation of registration for cause. (a... Instituted by the Secretary under Various Statutes (7 CFR, 1.130 through 1.151). Prior to formal...

  9. 76 FR 51415 - Ideal Pharmacy Care, Inc., D/B/A Esplanade Pharmacy; Revocation of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... Enforcement Administration Ideal Pharmacy Care, Inc., D/B/A Esplanade Pharmacy; Revocation of Registration On... to Show Cause and Immediate Suspension of Registration to Ideal Pharmacy Care, Inc., d/b/a Esplanade Pharmacy (Registrant), of New Orleans, Louisiana. The Show Cause Order proposed the revocation...

  10. 75 FR 66413 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Exchange Programs Alumni Web Site Registration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-28

    ... website, alumni.state.gov . Additional Information The registration form is dynamic, presenting certain... Information Collection: Exchange Programs Alumni Website Registration. OMB Control Number: None. Type of... contact information, which is required for website registration, all other information is provided on...

  11. 75 FR 51048 - Notice of Receipt of Request to Voluntarily Cancel a Pesticide Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... AGENCY Notice of Receipt of Request to Voluntarily Cancel a Pesticide Registration AGENCY: Environmental... Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), as amended, EPA is issuing a notice of receipt of request by the registrant to voluntarily cancel a pesticide registration. DATES: Comments must be received...

  12. 37 CFR 1.295 - Review of decision finally refusing to publish a statutory invention registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... refusing to publish a statutory invention registration. 1.295 Section 1.295 Patents, Trademarks, and... decision finally refusing to publish a statutory invention registration. (a) Any requester who is dissatisfied with the final refusal to publish a statutory invention registration for reasons other...

  13. 75 FR 22404 - Clofencet; Notice of Receipt of Request to Voluntarily Cancel Certain Pesticide Registrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... registrant, Monsanto Company, to cancel certain clofencet product registrations. Clofencet is a plant growth... from male plants located adjacent to the treated plants. In a letter dated February 5, 2010, Monsanto..., Monsanto Company, the sole registrant of this active ingredient, no longer wishes to support...

  14. 75 FR 57782 - Registration Review; Pesticide Dockets Opened for Review and Comment; Amended Work Plan for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-22

    ... AGENCY Registration Review; Pesticide Dockets Opened for Review and Comment; Amended Work Plan for... announcing the availability of an amended final work plan for the registration review of the pesticide..., EPA is announcing the availability of an amended final work plan for the registration review...

  15. Evaluation of Registration Methods on Thoracic CT : The EMPIRE10 Challenge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Murphy, Keelin; van Ginneken, Bram; Reinhardt, Joseph M.; Kabus, Sven; Ding, Kai; Deng, Xiang; Cao, Kunlin; Du, Kaifang; Christensen, Gary E.; Garcia, Vincent; Vercauteren, Tom; Ayache, Nicholas; Commowick, Olivier; Malandain, Gregoire; Glocker, Ben; Paragios, Nikos; Navab, Nassir; Gorbunova, Vladlena; Sporring, Jon; de Bruijne, Marleen; Han, Xiao; Heinrich, Mattias P.; Schnabel, Julia A.; Jenkinson, Mark; Lorenz, Cristian; Modat, Marc; McClelland, Jamie R.; Ourselin, Sebastien; Muenzing, Sascha E. A.; Viergever, Max A.; De Nigris, Dante; Collins, D. Louis; Arbel, Tal; Peroni, Marta; Li, Rui; Sharp, Gregory C.; Schmidt-Richberg, Alexander; Ehrhardt, Jan; Werner, Rene; Smeets, Dirk; Loeckx, Dirk; Song, Gang; Tustison, Nicholas; Avants, Brian; Gee, James C.; Staring, Marius; Klein, Stefan; Stoel, Berend C.; Urschler, Martin; Werlberger, Manuel; Vandemeulebroucke, Jef; Rit, Simon; Sarrut, David; Pluim, Josien P. W.

    2011-01-01

    EMPIRE10 (Evaluation of Methods for Pulmonary Image REgistration 2010) is a public platform for fair and meaningful comparison of registration algorithms which are applied to a database of intrapatient thoracic CT image pairs. Evaluation of nonrigid registration techniques is a nontrivial task. This

  16. On Action Theory Change

    OpenAIRE

    Varzinczak, Ivan José

    2014-01-01

    As historically acknowledged in the Reasoning about Actions and Change community, intuitiveness of a logical domain description cannot be fully automated. Moreover, like any other logical theory, action theories may also evolve, and thus knowledge engineers need revision methods to help in accommodating new incoming information about the behavior of actions in an adequate manner. The present work is about changing action domain descriptions in multimodal logic. Its contribution is threefold: ...

  17. Action Theory Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Varzinczak, Ivan

    2008-01-01

    Like any other logical theory, domain descriptions in reasoning about actions may evolve, and thus need revision methods to adequately accommodate new information about the behavior of actions. The present work is about changing action domain descriptions in propositional dynamic logic. Its contribution is threefold: first we revisit the semantics of action theory contraction that has been done in previous work, giving more robust operators that express minimal change based on a notion of dis...

  18. Incorporating target registration error into robotic bone milling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebold, Michael A.; Dillon, Neal P.; Webster, Robert J.; Fitzpatrick, J. Michael

    2015-03-01

    Robots have been shown to be useful in assisting surgeons in a variety of bone drilling and milling procedures. Examples include commercial systems for joint repair or replacement surgeries, with in vitro feasibility recently shown for mastoidectomy. Typically, the robot is guided along a path planned on a CT image that has been registered to the physical anatomy in the operating room, which is in turn registered to the robot. The registrations often take advantage of the high accuracy of fiducial registration, but, because no real-world registration is perfect, the drill guided by the robot will inevitably deviate from its planned path. The extent of the deviation can vary from point to point along the path because of the spatial variation of target registration error. The allowable deviation can also vary spatially based on the necessary safety margin between the drill tip and various nearby anatomical structures along the path. Knowledge of the expected spatial distribution of registration error can be obtained from theoretical models or experimental measurements and used to modify the planned path. The objective of such modifications is to achieve desired probabilities for sparing specified structures. This approach has previously been studied for drilling straight holes but has not yet been generalized to milling procedures, such as mastoidectomy, in which cavities of more general shapes must be created. In this work, we present a general method for altering any path to achieve specified probabilities for any spatial arrangement of structures to be protected. We validate the method via numerical simulations in the context of mastoidectomy.

  19. Auxiliary anatomical labels for joint segmentation and atlas registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gass, Tobias; Szekely, Gabor; Goksel, Orcun

    2014-03-01

    This paper studies improving joint segmentation and registration by introducing auxiliary labels for anatomy that has similar appearance to the target anatomy while not being part of that target. Such auxiliary labels help avoid false positive labelling of non-target anatomy by resolving ambiguity. A known registration of a segmented atlas can help identify where a target segmentation should lie. Conversely, segmentations of anatomy in two images can help them be better registered. Joint segmentation and registration is then a method that can leverage information from both registration and segmentation to help one another. It has received increasing attention recently in the literature. Often, merely a single organ of interest is labelled in the atlas. In the presense of other anatomical structures with similar appearance, this leads to ambiguity in intensity based segmentation; for example, when segmenting individual bones in CT images where other bones share the same intensity profile. To alleviate this problem, we introduce automatic generation of additional labels in atlas segmentations, by marking similar-appearance non-target anatomy with an auxiliary label. Information from the auxiliary-labeled atlas segmentation is then incorporated by using a novel coherence potential, which penalizes differences between the deformed atlas segmentation and the target segmentation estimate. We validated this on a joint segmentation-registration approach that iteratively alternates between registering an atlas and segmenting the target image to find a final anatomical segmentation. The results show that automatic auxiliary labelling outperforms the same approach using a single label atlasses, for both mandibular bone segmentation in 3D-CT and corpus callosum segmentation in 2D-MRI.

  20. Localization of brachytherapy seeds in ultrasound by registration to fluoroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallavollita, P.; KarimAghaloo, Z.; Burdette, E. C.; Song, D. Y.; Abolmaesumi, P.; Fichtinger, G.

    2010-02-01

    Motivation: In prostate brachytherapy, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is used to visualize the anatomy, while implanted seeds can be seen in C-arm fluoroscopy or CT. Intra-operative dosimetry optimization requires localization of the implants in TRUS relative to the anatomy. This could be achieved by registration of TRUS images and the implants reconstructed from fluoroscopy or CT. Methods: TRUS images are filtered, compounded, and registered on the reconstructed implants by using an intensity-based metric based on a 3D point-to-volume registration scheme. A phantom was implanted with 48 seeds, imaged with TRUS and CT/X-ray. Ground-truth registration was established between the two. Seeds were reconstructed from CT/X-ray. Seven TRUS filtering techniques and two image similarity metrics were analyzed as well. Results: For point-to-volume registration, noise reduction combined with beam profile filter and mean squares metrics yielded the best result: an average of 0.38 +/- 0.19 mm seed localization error relative to the ground-truth. In human patient data C-arm fluoroscopy images showed 81 radioactive seeds implanted inside the prostate. A qualitative analysis showed clinically correct agreement between the seeds visible in TRUS and reconstructed from intra-operative fluoroscopy imaging. The measured registration error compared to the manually selected seed locations by the clinician was 2.86 +/- 1.26 mm. Conclusion: Fully automated seed localization in TRUS performed excellently on ground-truth phantom, adequate in clinical data and was time efficient having an average runtime of 90 seconds.

  1. Improving multispectral satellite image compression using onboard subpixel registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albinet, Mathieu; Camarero, Roberto; Isnard, Maxime; Poulet, Christophe; Perret, Jokin

    2013-09-01

    Future CNES earth observation missions will have to deal with an ever increasing telemetry data rate due to improvements in resolution and addition of spectral bands. Current CNES image compressors implement a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) followed by a bit plane encoding (BPE) but only on a mono spectral basis and do not profit from the multispectral redundancy of the observed scenes. Recent CNES studies have proven a substantial gain on the achievable compression ratio, +20% to +40% on selected scenarios, by implementing a multispectral compression scheme based on a Karhunen Loeve transform (KLT) followed by the classical DWT+BPE. But such results can be achieved only on perfectly registered bands; a default of registration as low as 0.5 pixel ruins all the benefits of multispectral compression. In this work, we first study the possibility to implement a multi-bands subpixel onboard registration based on registration grids generated on-the-fly by the satellite attitude control system and simplified resampling and interpolation techniques. Indeed bands registration is usually performed on ground using sophisticated techniques too computationally intensive for onboard use. This fully quantized algorithm is tuned to meet acceptable registration performances within stringent image quality criteria, with the objective of onboard real-time processing. In a second part, we describe a FPGA implementation developed to evaluate the design complexity and, by extrapolation, the data rate achievable on a spacequalified ASIC. Finally, we present the impact of this approach on the processing chain not only onboard but also on ground and the impacts on the design of the instrument.

  2. The quality of registration of clinical trials: still a problem.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roderik F Viergever

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The benefits of clinical trials registration include improved transparency on clinical trials for healthcare workers and patients, increased accountability of trialists, the potential to address publication bias and selective reporting, and possibilities for research collaboration and prioritization. However, poor quality of information in registered records of trials has been found to undermine these benefits in the past. Trialists' increasing experience with trial registration and recent developments in registration systems may have positively affected data quality. This study was conducted to investigate whether the quality of registration has improved. METHODS: We repeated a study from 2009, using the same methods and the same research team. A random sample of 400 records of clinical trials that were registered between 01/01/2012 and 01/01/2013 was taken from the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP and assessed for the quality of information on 1 contact details, 2 interventions and 3 primary outcomes. Results were compared to the equivalent assessments from our previous study. RESULTS: There was a small and not statistically significant increase from 81.0% to 85.5% in the percentage of records that provided a name of a contact person. There was a significant increase from 68.7% to 74.9% in the number of records that provided either an email address or a telephone number. There was a significant increase from 44.2% to 51.9% in the number of intervention arms that were complete in registering intervention specifics. There was a significant increase from 38.2% to 57.6% in the number of primary outcomes that were specific measures with a meaningful timeframe. Approximately half of all trials continued to be retrospectively registered. DISCUSSION: There have been small but significant improvements in the quality of registration since 2009. Important problems with quality remain and continue to constitute an

  3. FULLY AUTOMATIC IMAGE-BASED REGISTRATION OF UNORGANIZED TLS DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Weinmann

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The estimation of the transformation parameters between different point clouds is still a crucial task as it is usually followed by scene reconstruction, object detection or object recognition. Therefore, the estimates should be as accurate as possible. Recent developments show that it is feasible to utilize both the measured range information and the reflectance information sampled as image, as 2D imagery provides additional information. In this paper, an image-based registration approach for TLS data is presented which consists of two major steps. In the first step, the order of the scans is calculated by checking the similarity of the respective reflectance images via the total number of SIFT correspondences between them. Subsequently, in the second step, for each SIFT correspondence the respective SIFT features are filtered with respect to their reliability concerning the range information and projected to 3D space. Combining the 3D points with 2D observations on a virtual plane yields 3D-to-2D correspondences from which the coarse transformation parameters can be estimated via a RANSAC-based registration scheme including the EPnP algorithm. After this coarse registration, the 3D points are again checked for consistency by using constraints based on the 3D distance, and, finally, the remaining 3D points are used for an ICP-based fine registration. Thus, the proposed methodology provides a fast, reliable, accurate and fully automatic image-based approach for the registration of unorganized point clouds without the need of a priori information about the order of the scans, the presence of regular surfaces or human interaction.

  4. Conservation Action Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Rifle Association, Washington, DC.

    Conservation problems are identified, with some suggestions for action. General areas covered are: Wildlife Conservation, Soil Conservation, Clean Water, Air Pollution Action, and Outdoor Recreation Action. Appendices list private organizations or agencies concerned with natural resource use and/or management, congressional committees considering…

  5. Action Research for Democracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , to innovation policies combining Action Research with gender science. In the second part of the book epistemological and ontological dimensions of Action Research are discussed addressing questions of validity criteria related to Action Research, the transformation of knowledge institutions and the specific...

  6. Putting Action in Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozano, Sandra C.; Hard, Bridgette Martin; Tversky, Barbara

    2007-01-01

    Embodied approaches to cognition propose that our own actions influence our understanding of the world. Do other people's actions also have this influence? The present studies show that perceiving another person's actions changes the way people think about objects in a scene. In Study 1, participants viewed a photograph and answered a question…

  7. Action and Interactiv research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kurt Aagaard; Svensson, Lennart

    The text is written as a first version of editors introduction to a book about action research/interactive research in Nordic countries. You can read abouttrends and contradictions in the history of action research.The authors question the trends and demands a more explicit critical approach...... to actual action research/interactive research....

  8. [Crex and Orion analysis in radiation oncology: towards a mutualisation of corrective actions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lartigau, E; Vitoux, A; Debouck, F

    2009-10-01

    After working on treatment organization in radiotherapy (bonnes pratiques organisationnelles en radiothérapie--action pilote MeaH 2003), the development of a security policy has become crucial. With the help of Air France consulting and the MeaH, three cancer centers in Angers, Lille et Villejuif worked together on the implantation of experience feed back committees (Crex) dedicated to the registration, analysis and correction of precursor events. This action has now been implemented in all the FNCLCC centers. It seems now important to have a program of mutualisation of corrective actions for all participants. This will allow to review the Orion method of events analysis.

  9. Understanding affirmative action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosby, Faye J; Iyer, Aarti; Sincharoen, Sirinda

    2006-01-01

    Affirmative action is a controversial and often poorly understood policy. It is also a policy that has been widely studied by social scientists. In this review, we outline how affirmative action operates in employment and education settings and consider the major points of controversy. In addition, we detail the contributions of psychologists and other social scientists in helping to demonstrate why affirmative action is needed; how it can have unintended negative consequences; and how affirmative action programs can be most successful. We also review how psychologists have examined variations in people's attitudes toward affirmative action, in part as a means for testing different theories of social behavior.

  10. Differential Equations as Actions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ronkko, Mauno; Ravn, Anders P.

    1997-01-01

    We extend a conventional action system with a primitive action consisting of a differential equation and an evolution invariant. The semantics is given by a predicate transformer. The weakest liberal precondition is chosen, because it is not always desirable that steps corresponding to differential...... actions shall terminate. It is shown that the proposed differential action has a semantics which corresponds to a discrete approximation when the discrete step size goes to zero. The extension gives action systems the power to model real-time clocks and continuous evolutions within hybrid systems....

  11. Action Theory Evolution

    CERN Document Server

    Varzinczak, Ivan

    2008-01-01

    Like any other logical theory, domain descriptions in reasoning about actions may evolve, and thus need revision methods to adequately accommodate new information about the behavior of actions. The present work is about changing action domain descriptions in propositional dynamic logic. Its contribution is threefold: first we revisit the semantics of action theory contraction that has been done in previous work, giving more robust operators that express minimal change based on a notion of distance between Kripke-models. Second we give algorithms for syntactical action theory contraction and establish their correctness w.r.t. our semantics. Finally we state postulates for action theory contraction and assess the behavior of our operators w.r.t. them. Moreover, we also address the revision counterpart of action theory change, showing that it benefits from our semantics for contraction.

  12. [A method for the medical image registration based on the statistics samples averaging distribution theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Peng; Yao, Dezhong; Luo, Fen

    2005-08-01

    The registration method based on mutual information is currently a popular technique for the medical image registration, but the computation for the mutual information is complex and the registration speed is slow. In engineering process, a subsampling technique is taken to accelerate the registration speed at the cost of registration accuracy. In this paper a new method based on statistics sample theory is developed, which has both a higher speed and a higher accuracy as compared with the normal subsampling method, and the simulation results confirm the validity of the new method.

  13. A multi-scale registration of urban aerial image with airborne lidar data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Shuo; Chen, Siying; Zhang, Yinchao; Guo, Pan; Chen, He

    2015-11-01

    This paper presented a multi-scale progressive registration method of airborne LiDAR data with aerial image. The cores of the proposed method lie in the coarse registration with road networks and the fine registration method using regularized building corners. During the two-stage registration, the exterior orientation parameters (EOP) are continually refined. By validation of the actual flight data of Dunhuang, the experimental result shows that the proposed method can obtain accurate results with low-precision initial EOP, also improve the automatic degree of registration.

  14. Two new approaches for image registration based on spatial-temporal relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Deng Zhipeng; Yang Jie; Liu Xiaojun

    2005-01-01

    How to improve the probability of registration and precision of localization is a hard problem, which is desiderated to solve. The two basic approaches (normalized cross-correlation and phase correlation) for image registration are analysed, two improved approaches based on spatial-temporal relationship are presented. This method adds the correlation matrix according to the displacements in x- cirection and y- directions, and the registration pose is searched in the added matrix. The method overcomes the shortcoming that the probability of registration decreasing with area increasing owing to geometric distortion, improves the probability and the robustness of registration.

  15. Requirements for Foreign and Domestic Establishment Registration and Listing for Human Drugs, Including Drugs That Are Regulated Under a Biologics License Application, and Animal Drugs. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-31

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its regulations governing drug establishment registration and drug listing. These amendments reorganize, modify, and clarify current regulations concerning who must register establishments and list human drugs, human drugs that are also biological products, and animal drugs. The final rule requires electronic submission, unless waived in certain circumstances, of registration and listing information. This rulemaking pertains to finished drug products and to active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) alone or together with one or more other ingredients. The final rule describes how and when owners or operators of establishments at which drugs are manufactured or processed must register their establishments with FDA and list the drugs they manufacture or process. In addition, the rule makes certain changes to the National Drug Code (NDC) system. We are taking this action to improve management of drug establishment registration and drug listing requirements and make these processes more efficient and effective for industry and for us. This action also supports implementation of the electronic prescribing provisions of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) and the availability of current drug labeling information through DailyMed, a computerized repository of drug information maintained by the National Library of Medicine.

  16. Registration Method for CT-MR Image Based on Mutual Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Medical image registration is important in many medical applications. Registration method based on maximization of mutual information of voxel intensities is one of the most popular methods for 3-D multi-modality medical image registration. Generally, the optimization process is easily trapped in local maximum, resulting in wrong registration results. In order to find the correct optimum, a new multi-resolution approach for brain image registration based on normalized mutual information is proposed. In this method, to eliminate the effect of local optima, multi-scale wavelet transformation is adopted to extract the image edge features. Then the feature images are registered,and the result at this level is taken as the initial estimate for the registration of the original images.Three-dimensional volumes are used to test the algorithm. Experimental results show that the registration strategy proposed is a robust and efficient method which can reach sub-voxel accuracy and improve the optimization speed.

  17. All in Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arto Annila

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The principle of least action provides a holistic worldview in which Nature in its entirety and every detail is described in terms of actions. Each and every action is ultimately composed of one or multiple of the most elementary actions which relates to Planck’s constant. Elements of space are closed actions, known as fermions, whereas elements of time are open actions, known as bosons. The actions span an energy landscape, the Universe, which evolves irreversibly according to the 2nd law of thermodynamics by diminishing energy density differences in least time. During evolution densely-curled actions unfold step-by-step when opening up and expelling one or multiple elementary actions to their surrounding sparser space. The energy landscape will process from one symmetry group to another until the equivalence to its dual, i.e., the surrounding density has been attained. The scale-free physical portrayal of nature in terms of actions does not recognize any fundamental difference between fundamental particles and fundamental forces. Instead a plethora of particles and a diaspora of forces are perceived merely as diverse manifestations of a natural selection for various mechanisms and ways to decrease free energy in the least time.

  18. Development and Validation of National Cotton Cultivar Registration lndex Model in Yangtze River Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Naiyin XU; Jian Ll

    2014-01-01

    Based on the cotton variety high yielding potential, fiber quality traits, disease resistance, and early maturity characters, a cultivar registration index model was developed to simplify the tedious calculation process in national cotton registration procedure, and thus to enhance the practical application of cultivar regis-tration index in cotton breeding and cotton recommending. [Method] By means of correlation analysis, partial correlation analysis and path analysis methods, the cor-relation of cotton main properties and their effects on cultivar registration index were explored using the dataset of national cotton regional trials in Yangtze River Val ey during 1996-2013. The cultivar registration index model was constructed with step-wise regression statistical technique to ascertain the quantitative relationship of main characters with cultivar registration index, and the regional cotton trial dataset in 2013 was used to validate the model. [Result] Several characters with larger deter-minants to cultivar registration index were screened out, i.e. lint yield increase ratio, pro-frost yield ratio, verticil ium wilt index, fiber strength, fusarium wilt index and mi-cronaire value. The cultivar registration index model defined the functional relation-ship of cultivar registration index with the selected main characters, among which lint yield increase ratio, fiber strength and micronaire value contributed most to culti-var registration index. The model validation with regional cotton trials in 2013 indi-cated the root mean square error, RMSE was only 2.77, and the variation coeffi-cient was 6.77%, which confirmed the model prediction effect was quite perfect. [Conclusion] The developed cultivar registration index model was reliable enough to simulate the complicated scoring system in cultivar registration procedure, also sim-plified cotton registration process, and enhanced the practicability of the cultivar reg-istration index.

  19. Rapid registration of multimodal images using a reduced number of voxels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xishi; Hill, Nicholas A.; Ren, Jing; Peters, Terry M.

    2006-03-01

    Rapid registration of multimodal cardiac images can improve image-guided cardiac surgeries and cardiac disease diagnosis. While mutual information (MI) is arguably the most suitable registration technique, this method is too slow to converge for real time cardiac image registration; moreover, correct registration may not coincide with a global or even local maximum of MI. These limitations become quite evident when registering three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) images and dynamic 3D magnetic resonance (MR) images of the beating heart. To overcome these issues, we present a registration method that uses a reduced number of voxels, while retaining adequate registration accuracy. Prior to registration we preprocess the images such that only the most representative anatomical features are depicted. By selecting samples from preprocessed images, our method dramatically speeds up the registration process, as well as ensuring correct registration. We validated this registration method for registering dynamic US and MR images of the beating heart of a volunteer. Experimental results on in vivo cardiac images demonstrate significant improvements in registration speed without compromising registration accuracy. A second validation study was performed registering US and computed tomography (CT) images of a rib cage phantom. Two similarity metrics, MI and normalized crosscorrelation (NCC) were used to register the image sets. Experimental results on the rib cage phantom indicate that our method can achieve adequate registration accuracy within 10% of the computation time of conventional registration methods. We believe this method has the potential to facilitate intra-operative image fusion for minimally invasive cardio-thoracic surgical navigation.

  20. SU-E-J-196: New Visualization Methods for Longitudinal MRI Registrations and Segmentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veeraraghavan, H; Deasy, J [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, NY, NY (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To develop visualization techniques to facilitate easy assessment of (a) registration and (b) tracking volumetric changes in structures during radiation therapy from MRI. Method: The frequently used method for visualizing registrations between scans is a multi-color overlay technique or deformation vector fields. However, the overlay technique is unintuitive and does not help to appreciate the quality of registration particularly when the registration mismatches are not very large. Similarly, the deformation fields give an indication of extent of deformation but do not help to assess the differences in registration. We present a mirroring and edge-augmented mirroring technique that places the fixed and moving image next to each other and allows the user to quickly assess the small differences in registration. Next, we present a volumetric intersection based 3D model to visualize the changes in diseased lymph node volumes in head and neck cancer. 3D model-based visualization provides more information about the location-specific changes in volume rather than the simplistic one dimensional information obtained from 2D plot of nodal volume changes. Result: We show results comparing our approach with the standard colorbased overlay method for comparing registrations of intra-patient registrations using T2-MRI. Upon comparing the mirroring technique with the color-overlay, one can more easily appreciate the differences in registration. Adding edge-based mirroring seems to further assist in evaluating the registration. Our approach for viewing registrations seems to be more intuitive and easy to use in order to help assess the quality of registration compared to color-based overlays. Similarly, the change volumetric model together with a 2D plot reveals more information including the locations undergoing changes and responding to treatment. Conclusions: Better approaches are necessary for assessing the quality of registrations and changes in diseased structures