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Sample records for biological dressings

  1. Biological wound dressings sterilized with gamma radiation: Mexican clinical experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Pardo, M. E.; Ley-Chávez, E.; Reyes-Frías, M. L.; Rodríguez-Ferreyra, P.; Vázquez-Maya, L.; Salazar, M. A.

    2007-11-01

    Biological wound dressings sterilized with gamma radiation, such as amnion and pig skin, are a reality in Mexico. These tissues are currently processed in the tissue bank and sterilized in the Gamma Industrial Irradiation Plant; both facilities belong to the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ) (National Institute of Nuclear Research). With the strong support of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the bank was established at the ININ and the Mexican Ministry of Health issued its sanitary license on July 7, 1999. The Quality Management System of the bank was certified by ISO 9001:2000 on August 1, 2003; the scope of the system is "Research, Development and Processing of Biological Tissues Sterilized with Gamma Radiation". At present, more than 150 patients from 16 hospitals have been successfully treated with these tissues. This paper presents a brief description of the tissue processing, as well as the present Mexican clinical experience with children and adult patients who underwent medical treatment with radiosterilized amnion and pig skin, used as biological wound dressings on burns and ocular surface disorders.

  2. Biological wound dressings sterilized with gamma radiation: Mexican clinical experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biological wound dressings sterilized with gamma radiation, such as amnion and pig skin, are a reality in Mexico. These tissues are currently processed in the tissue bank and sterilized in the Gamma Industrial Irradiation Plant; both facilities belong to the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ) (National Institute of Nuclear Research). With the strong support of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the bank was established at the ININ and the Mexican Ministry of Health issued its sanitary license on July 7, 1999. The Quality Management System of the bank was certified by ISO 9001:2000 on August 1, 2003; the scope of the system is 'Research, Development and Processing of Biological Tissues Sterilized with Gamma Radiation'. At present, more than 150 patients from 16 hospitals have been successfully treated with these tissues. This paper presents a brief description of the tissue processing, as well as the present Mexican clinical experience with children and adult patients who underwent medical treatment with radiosterilized amnion and pig skin, used as biological wound dressings on burns and ocular surface disorders

  3. Effects of 3 biologic dressings on healing of cutaneous wounds on the limbs of horses

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez, Jorge H.; Schumacher, Jim; Lauten, Susan D.; Sartin, Eva A.; Hathcock, Terri L.; Swaim, Steven F.

    2004-01-01

    Three biologic dressings [split-thickness allogeneic skin (STS)], allogeneic peritoneum (P), and xenogenic porcine small intestinal submucosa (PSIS)] were studied to determine their effects on bacterial proliferation, inflammatory reaction, vascularization, and overall healing and to compare the effects of these dressings with the effects of a nonbiologic dressing, a nonadherent synthetic pad (NASP). A medial wound (3 cm in diameter) and 2 lateral wounds (2 cm in diameter) were created at the...

  4. The biological dressing versus conventional treatment in massive burns: a prospective clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosseini S.N

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burns are a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Today biological dressings have become an integral part of modern burn care. Using this method, in otherwise healthy young adults, the size of burn relative to the total body surface area (TBSA correlating with a 50% mortality rate has increased from 30% to 80%. Due to a lack of experience and an interest in using biological dressings in Iran, as a developing country, the aim of this study was to compare patient outcome using the biological dressing vs. conventional treatment in patients with massive burns.Methods: In this clinical trial study, 118 burn patients (30 to 75% TBSA were enrolled. The patients were divided in two groups. Those in the conventional treatment group had not accepted treatment with a biological dressing.  The second group agreed to treatment with biological dressing, a pig skin xenograft known as Xenoderm. Significant differences were evaluated using the unpaired Student's t test, the Mann-Whitney U test and the χ2 test.  Results: Mortality rates in the conventional treatment group (n=53 and biological dressing group (n=65 were 35% (19 and 10.8% (7, respectively (p=0.001. Excluding those patients who died, the mean hospital stay was 31.3 days in the conventional treatment group versus 18.2 days in the biological dressing group (p=0.0005, and number of dressings was 22.1 versus 9.9 (p=0.0005, respectively. Three patients in the conventional treatment group were transferred to a tertiary-care hospital after three weeks of treatment. The most commonly burned areas were the upper limb, lower limb and trunk.Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that biological dressings give a better outcome and decrease the hospital stay and the number of dressings. A randomized clinical trial is warranted.

  5. Biological Evaluation of ChuangYuLing Dressing-A Multifunctional Medicine Carrying Biomaterial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Rui; ZHENG Qixin; HAO Jie; ZOU Yang; CHENG Jie

    2005-01-01

    The safety of Chuangyuling (CYL) dressing-a multifunctional medicine carrying biomaterial was evaluated in order to provide foundation for the application of CYL as material used in the wound healing. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) extract solution was compounded with scaffolds (gelatin and Bletilla hyacinthine gum), and then frozen and dried to form spongy and porous material CYL. According to the standard of biological evaluation of medical devices that was instituted by the ministry of health of China[1] , the biological evaluation of CYL dressing was conducted. The results showed that all the contents of biological evaluation test consisting of acute toxicity, skin irritation, sensitization and cytotoxicity met the requirement of standards. It was concluded that the biomaterial carrying TCM (CYL dressing) is safe for application of wound healing.

  6. Informed consent should be obtained from patients to use products (skin substitutes) and dressings containing biological material

    OpenAIRE

    Enoch, S; Shaaban, H; Dunn, K.

    2005-01-01

    Background: Biological products (tissue engineered skin, allograft and xenograft, and biological dressings) are widely used in the treatment of burns, chronic wounds, and other forms of acute injury. However, the religious and ethical issues, including consent, arising from their use have never been addressed in the medical literature.

  7. A novel poly(γ-glutamic acid)/silk-sericin hydrogel for wound dressing: Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel multifunctional poly(γ-glutamic acid)/silk sericin (γ-PGA/SS) hydrogel has been developed and used as wound dressing. The physical and chemical properties of the γ-PGA/SS gels were systemically investigated. Furthermore, these γ-PGA/SS gels have been found to promote the L929 fibroblast cells proliferate, and in the in vivo study, significant stimulatory effects were also observed on granulation and capillary formation on day 9 in H-2-treated wounds, indicating that this new complex hydrogel could maintain a moist healing environment, protect the wound from bacterial infection, absorb excess exudates, and promote cell proliferation to reconstruct damaged tissue. Considering the simple preparation process and excellent biological property, this γ-PGA/SS hydrogel might have a wide range of applications in biomedical and clinical areas. - Highlights: • Novel biodegradable hydrogels from γ-PGA and SS were successfully fabricated. • The preparation of hydrogel for wound dressing is simple. • The addition of SS in hydrogel improved the mechanical and biological properties. • The hydrogel has the feasibility to use in clinical application

  8. A novel poly(γ-glutamic acid)/silk-sericin hydrogel for wound dressing: Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shi, Lu [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Yang, Ning, E-mail: summer_ningzi@163.com [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Zhang, Hao [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Chen, Li, E-mail: chenlis@tjpu.edu.cn [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Tao, Lei; Wei, Yen [Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Liu, Hui; Luo, Ying [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Artificial Cell, Tianjin Third Central Hospital, Tianjin 300170 (China)

    2015-03-01

    A novel multifunctional poly(γ-glutamic acid)/silk sericin (γ-PGA/SS) hydrogel has been developed and used as wound dressing. The physical and chemical properties of the γ-PGA/SS gels were systemically investigated. Furthermore, these γ-PGA/SS gels have been found to promote the L929 fibroblast cells proliferate, and in the in vivo study, significant stimulatory effects were also observed on granulation and capillary formation on day 9 in H-2-treated wounds, indicating that this new complex hydrogel could maintain a moist healing environment, protect the wound from bacterial infection, absorb excess exudates, and promote cell proliferation to reconstruct damaged tissue. Considering the simple preparation process and excellent biological property, this γ-PGA/SS hydrogel might have a wide range of applications in biomedical and clinical areas. - Highlights: • Novel biodegradable hydrogels from γ-PGA and SS were successfully fabricated. • The preparation of hydrogel for wound dressing is simple. • The addition of SS in hydrogel improved the mechanical and biological properties. • The hydrogel has the feasibility to use in clinical application.

  9. A novel poly(γ-glutamic acid)/silk-sericin hydrogel for wound dressing: Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Lu; Yang, Ning; Zhang, Hao; Chen, Li; Tao, Lei; Wei, Yen; Liu, Hui; Luo, Ying

    2015-03-01

    A novel multifunctional poly(γ-glutamic acid)/silk sericin (γ-PGA/SS) hydrogel has been developed and used as wound dressing. The physical and chemical properties of the γ-PGA/SS gels were systemically investigated. Furthermore, these γ-PGA/SS gels have been found to promote the L929 fibroblast cells proliferate, and in the in vivo study, significant stimulatory effects were also observed on granulation and capillary formation on day 9 in H-2-treated wounds, indicating that this new complex hydrogel could maintain a moist healing environment, protect the wound from bacterial infection, absorb excess exudates, and promote cell proliferation to reconstruct damaged tissue. Considering the simple preparation process and excellent biological property, this γ-PGA/SS hydrogel might have a wide range of applications in biomedical and clinical areas. PMID:25579954

  10. Advantages of collagen based biological dressings in the management of superficial and superficial partial thickness burns in children

    OpenAIRE

    Mathangi Ramakrishnan, K.; Babu, M.; Mathivanan,; Jayaraman, V.; Shankar, J.

    2013-01-01

    Collagen based dressings for acute burn wound management have been extensively used in India, particularly in the city of Chennai. Due to the high levels of humidity in our city, closed dressings become infected and treatment with topical antimicrobials, like Silver Sulfadiazine cream, quickly become desiccated. Collagen membrane dressings were manufactured by the biomaterial laboratory of the Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Government of India in Chennai, and then the process was ...

  11. Use of gamma-irradiated amnion as a biological dressing in the management of radiation induced ulcers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The treatment of moist skin desquamation (ulceration) following radiation therapy focuses on promoting healing, preventing microbial infections, protecting from mechanical trauma and providing pain relief. Various dressings like hydrocolloid, 1% gentian violet and other topical applications are routinely used. This study evaluated the use of freeze-dried, irradiated amnion from the Tata Memorial Hospital Tissue Bank in the management of radiation ulcers from 2001 to 2007. During this period, 2095 amnion dressings were used in 554 patients (238 male and 316 female). The ulcer was cleaned with normal saline and the amnion applied directly on the affected area. No topical antibiotics were used. The ulcer sites were in the regions of the groin and perianal area (40.79%), head and neck (30.50%), breast and axilla (18.59%), limbs (5.78%), chest (2.70%) and back (1.62%). Healing occurred within 4 days to 14 days using a single application of amnion in 291 patients (52.53%), 2 dressings in 129 patients (23.28%) and 3 dressings in 74 patients (13.36%). The remaining 60 patients (10.83%) required four or more dressings which were used over a period of a month. The amnion dressing was found to be convenient to apply and adhered well to the affected areas without the use of any adhesives unlike with routine hydro-colloid dressing. This was particularly advantageous in sites with irregular contours such as the groin and perianal areas and the head and neck regions (71.29%). Patients experienced almost immediate pain relief and the need for analgesics was reduced. In the majority of patients healing occurred earlier than was usually obtained with routine dressings. The amnion dressing proved to be advantageous over co ventional dressings because of its convenience of use and cost effectiveness due to shorter duration of healing, fewer dressing changes and diminished use of analgesics and antibiotics. (Author)

  12. Advantages of collagen based biological dressings in the management of superficial and superficial partial thickness burns in children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathangi Ramakrishnan, K.; Babu, M.; Mathivanan; Jayaraman, V.; Shankar, J.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Collagen based dressings for acute burn wound management have been extensively used in India, particularly in the city of Chennai. Due to the high levels of humidity in our city, closed dressings become infected and treatment with topical antimicrobials, like Silver Sulfadiazine cream, quickly become desiccated. Collagen membrane dressings were manufactured by the biomaterial laboratory of the Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Government of India in Chennai, and then the process was patented. Collagen was extracted from bovine skin and Achilles tendons, and then reconstituted. This was used on burn wounds as dressings after clearance from the Institutional Review Board and Ethics Committees of the Hospital and CLRI. Continued research in this field to enable resulted in the design of silver sulphadiazine loaded alginate microspheres which were embedded in the reconstituted collagen. Controlled delivery of silver sulphadiazine. This collagen membrane was used in chronic infected burns. Low molecular weight heparin was given subcutaneously to improve wound healing in burn injuries and collagen membrane dressings were also applied. After several trials the process technology was patented. The advantages and disadvantages of the collagen membrane cover is elaborated in a group of 487 pediatric burn patients. The trial was conducted at the burn unit of Kanchi Kamakoti Childs Trust Hospital (KKCTH) in Chennai, India. PMID:24133405

  13. [Debridement dressings].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faure, Christine; Meaume, Sylvie

    2016-01-01

    For any wound, necrosis is an obstacle to the formation of granulation tissue and creates an environment which is particularly favourable to the proliferation of bacteria. Mechanical debridement, carried out by a doctor or nurse, or surgical debridement, is usually necessary. It is completed by autolytic debridement using technical dressings. Among the many modern dressings designed on the principle of the moist healing environment, some are more adapted to the debridement phase and are recommended by the French National Authority for Health. PMID:26763564

  14. Effect of periodontal dressings on human gingiva fibroblasts in vitro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In vitro cytotoxicity studies of periodontal dressings have not generally produced a result consistent with in vivo observations. These prior in vitro studies have not used human intraoral cell lines. We tested the effects of two eugenol containing and two non-eugenol periodontal dressings on cultured human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) (ATCC No. 1292). Replicate HGF cultures grown in microtiter plates were exposed to stock, 1:4 and 1:16 dilutions of extracts made from each of the four periodontal dressings. The HGF cultures were pulse labelled with tritiated thymidine (3HTdR) after 24, 48, and 72 hours. Incorporations of the labelled thymidine were measured using liquid scintillation counting and expressed as counts per minute. The results showed that undiluted extracts from all four periodontal dressings totally inhibited 3HTdR uptake (P less than 0.05). The 1:4 dilution of eugenol dressings inhibited 3HTdR uptake significantly more than non-eugenol dressings (P less than 0.05). Interestingly, at 72 hours the 1:16 dilution of the non-eugenol dressings caused significantly increased 3HTdR uptake which was not observed with the eugenol dressings. The present results suggest that the use of a human fibroblastic cell line for testing the effects of periodontal dressings may provide information about the relative biological effects of these dressings. Using this cell line, we have found that eugenol dressings inhibit fibroblast proliferation to a greater extent than non-eugenol dressings

  15. [Modern wound dressings].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triller, Ciril; Huljev, Dubravko; Planinsek Rucigaj, Tanja

    2013-10-01

    Chronic wounds are, due to the slow healing, a major clinical problem. In addition to classic materials, a great number of supportive wound dressings for chronic wound treatment, developed on the basis of new knowledge about the pathophysiological events in non-healing wounds, are available on the market. Today we know that modern wound dressings provide the best local environment for optimal healing (moisture, warmth, appropriate pH). Wound dressings control the amount of exudate from the wound and bacterial load, thus protecting local skin from the wound exudate and the wound from secondary infections from the environment. Using supportive wound dressings makes sense only when the wound has been properly assessed, the etiologic factors have been clarified and the obstacles making the wound chronic identified. The choice of dressing is correlated with the characteristics of the wound, the knowledge and experience of the medical staff, and the patient's needs. We believe that the main advantage of modern wound dressing versus conventional dressing is more effective wound cleaning, simple dressing application, painless bandaging owing to reduced adhesion to the wound, and increased absorption of the wound exudate. Faster wound granulation shortens the length of patient hospitalization, and eventually facilitates the work of medical staff. The overall cost of treatment is a minor issue due to faster wound healing despite the fact that modern supportive wound dressings are more expensive than conventional bandaging. The article describes different types of modern supportive wound dressings, as well as their characteristics and indications for use. PMID:24371980

  16. Wound dressings, does it matter and why?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maessen-Visch, Marjolein Birgitte; van Montfrans, Catherine

    2016-03-01

    Compression therapy and treating venous insufficiency is the standard of care for venous leg ulcers. The need for debridement on healing venous leg ulcers is still debated. Dressings are often used under compression bandages to promote faster healing and prevent adherence of the bandage to the ulcer. A wide range of dressings is available, including modern dressings with different kinds of biological activity. Microbial burden is believed to underlie delayed healing, but the exact role of microbiofilm in wound healing is uncertain. Before choosing a specific wound dressing, four main functions should be considered: (1) cleaning, (2) absorbing, (3) regulating or (4) the necessity of adding medication. There is no clear evidence to support the use of one dressing over another, as demonstrated by many Cochrane review studies. In addition, the prescriber should enquire about contact allergies that may also develop during wound treatment. It is shown that early intervention and early investment may reduce the cost of treatment. The choice of wound dressings should be guided by cost, ease of application and patient and physician preference and be part of the complete strategy. The role of the medical specialist is evident. Wound dressings matter as part of the optimal treatment in VLU patients. PMID:26916771

  17. [Improper use of dressings].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candas, Emmanuelle

    2016-01-01

    Neither nurses nor doctors receive initial training in wounds and the use of dressings. They are however required in their daily practice to provide this type of care. Advances in wound healing techniques and the appearance of "modern" dressings offer a wide range of solutions to caregivers. Professionals must acquire skills in this area and make the best possible use of the dressings at their disposal to optimise the controlled wound healing. PMID:26763571

  18. 生物敷料A对比银离子水胶体油纱修复面部Ⅱ度烧伤%Biological dressing Aversus Physiotulle Ag in the repair of degree ll facial burns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强; 刘筱雯; 吕仁荣; 霍然

    2015-01-01

    背景:在临床治疗面部Ⅱ度烧伤中,生物敷料A及银离子水胶体油纱在吸收渗液、黏附性、抗菌等方面都具有不错的表现.目的:观察面部Ⅱ度烧伤早期清创后生物敷料A对比银离子水胶体油纱覆盖的临床疗效.方法:纳入15例浅Ⅱ度及10例深Ⅱ度面部烧伤患者,将同一患者相同烧伤深度及同等大小的对称创面分两侧治疗,实验侧清创后采用生物敷料A覆盖创面,对照侧清创后采用银离子水胶体油纱覆盖创面,对比两侧创面愈合时间、创面感染情况、换药次数、创面愈合后皮肤质量情况、换药舒适度及敷料覆盖舒适度.结果与结论:在浅Ⅱ度烧伤患者中,实验侧换药次数及敷料覆盖舒适度优于对照侧(P < 0.05),换药舒适度差于对照侧(P < 0.05),两侧创面愈合时间、创面感染及愈合后皮肤质量情况无差异.在深Ⅱ度烧伤患者中,实验侧创面愈合时间、换药次数、愈合后皮肤质量情况、换药舒适度及敷料覆盖舒适度优于对照侧(P < 0.05),换药舒适度差于对照侧(P < 0.05),两侧创面感染情况无差异.表明生物敷料A与银离子水胶体油纱修复面部浅Ⅱ度烧伤创面的疗效相似,但生物敷料A修复深Ⅱ度烧伤创面更有利于促进创面愈合,提高创面愈合质量.%BACKGROUND:Biological dressing A (porcine Xenoderm) and Physiotule Ag (Coloplast) show good effects on the absorption of exudates, adhesion and anti-bacteria in treatment of degree Ⅱ facial burns. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effectiveness of biological dressing Aversus Physiotule Ag after early debridement of degree Ⅱ facial burns. METHODS:A total of 15 patients with superficial degree Ⅱ facial burn and 10 patients with deep degree Ⅱ facial burns were included. Symmetric facial area of the same patient with the same depth of burn was divided into two parts of same size for treatments. One side was randomly selected as the experimental side, and

  19. [Healing "booster" dressings].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fromantin, Isabelle; Téot, Luc; Meaume, Sylvie

    2011-09-01

    The relationship between the dressing and the wound is vital to clinical effectiveness. The more-or-less standard wound-surface coverings have been replaced with initial dressings, referred to as modern dressings, which contain an oily and sticky compound. They provide a moist medium by applying the basic mechanistic principles (liquid absorption and release). Other types of products and techniques modify the behaviour of wound cells by acting directly through irritation, biochemical stimulation or genetic modification of the cells, which accelerates the healing process. PMID:22003786

  20. The Virtual Dressing Room

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holte, Michael Boelstoft; Gao, Yi; Petersson, Eva

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the design and evaluation of a usability and user experience test of a virtual dressing room. First, we motivate and introduce our recent developed prototype of a virtual dressing room. Next, we present the research and test design grounded in related usability and user...... experience studies. We give a description of the experimental setup and the execution of the designed usability and user experience test. To this end, we report interesting results and discuss the results with respect to user-centered design and development of a virtual dressing room....

  1. Dressing in Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Yang

    2012-01-01

    BEIJING denizens flocked to a recent exhibition of qipao dresses in the city. But this most famed traditional Chinese clothing is not only sealed within a museum, it's being kept alive through a new generation of fashionistas.

  2. Collagen dressing versus conventional dressings in burn and chronic wounds: A retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onkar Singh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective : Biological dressings like collagen are impermeable to bacteria, and create the most physiological interface between the wound surface and the environment. Collagen dressings have other advantages over conventional dressings in terms of ease of application and being natural, non-immunogenic, non-pyrogenic, hypo-allergenic, and pain-free. This study aims to compare the efficacy of collagen dressing in treating burn and chronic wounds with that of conventional dressing materials. Materials and Methods : The records of 120 patients with chronic wounds of varied aetiologies and with mean age 43.7 years were collected and analyzed. The patients had been treated either with collagen or other conventional dressing materials including silver sulfadiazine, nadifloxacin, povidone iodine, or honey (traditional dressing material. Patients with co-morbidities that could grossly affect the wound healing like uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, chronic liver or renal disease, or major nutritional deprivation were not included. For the purpose of comparison the patients were divided into two groups; ′Collagen group′ and ′Conventional group′, each having 60 patients. For assessment the wound characteristics (size, edge, floor, slough, granulation tissue, and wound swab or pus culture sensitivity results were recorded. With start of treatment, appearance of granulation tissue, completeness of healing, need for skin grafting, and patients′ satisfaction was noted for each patient in both groups. Results : With two weeks of treatment, 60% of the ′collagen group′ wounds and only 42% of the ′conventional group′ wounds were sterile (P=0.03. Healthy granulation tissue appeared earlier over collagen-dressed wounds than over conventionally treated wounds (P=0.03. After eight weeks, 52 (87% of ′collagen group′ wounds and 48 (80% of ′conventional group′ wounds were >75% healed (P=0.21. Eight patients in the ′collagen group′ and 12 in the

  3. Making Sense of Dress

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjold, Else

    2015-01-01

    -12. Being a former fashion writer and trained as a fashion scholar within the humanities, I had learned that the logics of fashion is the overall explanatory framework through which people's dress practice is understood. However, issues came up during my research that did not relate to logics of fashion at...

  4. Enhancement of burn wounds healing by platelet dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Maghsoudi, Hemmat; Nezami, Nariman; Mirzajanzadeh, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    Background and aims: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of platelet dressing in the treatment of burn wounds and compare its results with silver sulfadiazine dressing. Material and methods: Between 21 march 2011 to 21 September, 50 patients with burn injuries were selected by a randomized double-blind controlled trial. In order to eliminate the biological and personal variables among the various treated burn wounds, in the same patient, distal or proximal, lateral or medial p...

  5. DRESS syndrome in ophthalmic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, Jacqueline Martins de; Nascimento, Heloisa; Belfort, Rubens

    2016-01-01

    Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal adverse drug reaction associated with skin rash, fever, eosinophilia, and multiple organ injury. A number of pharmacological agents are known to cause DRESS syndrome such as allopurinol, anticonvulsants, vancomycin, trimethoprime-sulfamethoxazole, and pyrimethamine-sulfadiazine. Here, we describe two patients who developed DRESS syndrome during ocular treatment. The first case was being treated for late postoperative endophthalmitis with topical antibiotics, intravenous cephalothin, meropenem, and intravitreal injection of vancomycin and ceftazidime before symptoms developed. We were unable to identify the causal drug owing to the large number of medications concurrently administered. The second case presented with DRESS syndrome symptoms during ocular toxoplasmosis treatment. In this case, a clearer association with pyrimethamine-sulfadiazine was observed. As a result of the regular prescription of pharmacological agents associated with DRESS syndrome, ophthalmologists should be aware of the potentially serious complications of DRESS syndrome. PMID:27463633

  6. Application of biological dressing A in the treatment of non Ⅲ° deep burn wound%生物敷料A在非Ⅲ°烧伤创面治疗中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐公杰; 刘付存; 王新波; 张涛; 曹霞; 夏丽华; 宋增美

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of biological dressing A covering bandage of Ⅲ° burn wounds given comprehensive treatment including dermabrasion.Methods For patients of non Ⅲ° ° burn wounds (deep Ⅱ ° and partial superficial Ⅲ ° wounds),28 cases in the treatment group,were given improved dermabrasion with tangential excision plus thin layer of skin graft from the body,the wounds were covered with biological dressing A bandage.21 patients in the control group were treated by traditional tangential excision,escharectomy and self-skin grafting.The clinical treatment effect was observed and compared between the two groups.Results The wounds were healed 2 ~ 3 weeks after surgery in treatment group,the cure rate of burns in patients with a total area of 40% ~ 50% TBSA was 99%,and after treatment the scar formation significantly reduced,self-donated skin significantly reduced,the hospital stay and postoperative recovery time of the patients were significantly shorter,patients were easier to accept.In the control group,the operation time was longer,the blood loss was more,the wounds had more scar healing wounds.The wound healing time of the treatment group was (14.8 ± 1.8) d,which was significantly shorter than (19.4 ± 3.0) d of the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion The improved grinding A scab plus biological dressings covering bandage has the advantages of simple operation,light damage,less complications,need less skin,to maximize retention of healthy tissue,wound healing speed up,healing scar lessened.%目的 探讨非Ⅲ°烧伤创面给予磨削痂等综合治疗后,采用生物敷料A覆盖包扎后的临床治疗效果.方法 烧伤患者非Ⅲ°创面(深Ⅱ°及偏浅的Ⅲ°创面),应用改良式磨痂并配合削痂加自体薄层皮片移植,创面覆盖生物敷料A包扎治疗28例(治疗组);对照组采用传统的削痂及切痂加自体皮移植治疗21例.结果 治疗组术后2~3周创

  7. Dressing wounds with potato peel

    OpenAIRE

    Patange Vidya; Fernandez Rui; Motla Meena; Mahajan Sunanda

    1996-01-01

    The use of boiled potato peel (PP) in dressing of various skin conditions was studied. A total of 11 patients were selected, which included resistant wounds of pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid and leg ulcers. An autoclaved PP dressing with a thin layer of antiseptic cream was applied at 25 sites. It was covered with multilayered gauze and the dressing was secured firmly with either a roller bandage or with an adhesive tape. Complete epithelization was seen at 20 sites (80%), near complete...

  8. Dressed Spin of Helium-3

    CERN Document Server

    Esler, A; Howell, D; Lamoreaux, S K; Liu, C Y; Peng, J C; Torgerson, J R

    2007-01-01

    We report a measurement of dressed-spin effects of polarized 3He atoms from a cold atomic source traversing a region of constant magnetic field B0 and a transverse oscillatory dressing field Bd cos(omega * t). The observed effects are compared with a numerical simulation using the Bloch equation as well as a calculation based on the dressed-atom formalism. An application of the dressed spin of 3He for a proposed neutron electric dipole moment measurement is also discussed.

  9. Bound states of 'dressed' particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new approach to the problem of bound states in relativistic quantum field theories is suggested. It uses the creation - destruction operators of 'dresses' particles which have been granted by Faddeev's (1963) 'dressing' formalism. Peculiarities of the proposed approach as compared to the known ones are discussed. 8 refs. (author)

  10. Dressing up the kink

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many quantum field theoretical models possess nontrivial solutions which are stable for topological reasons. We construct a self-consistent example for a self-interacting scalar field--the quantum (or dressed) kink--using a two particle irreducible effective action in the Hartree approximation. This new solution includes quantum fluctuations determined self-consistently and nonperturbatively at the 1-loop resummed level and allowed to back react on the classical mean-field profile. This dressed kink is static under the familiar Hartree equations for the time evolution of quantum fields. Because the quantum fluctuation spectrum is lower lying in the presence of the defect, the quantum kink has a lower rest energy than its classical counterpart. However its energy is higher than well-known strict 1-loop results, where back reaction and fluctuation self-interactions are omitted. We also show that the quantum kink exists at finite temperature and that its profile broadens as temperature is increased until it eventually disappears

  11. Dressing wounds with potato peel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patange Vidya

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of boiled potato peel (PP in dressing of various skin conditions was studied. A total of 11 patients were selected, which included resistant wounds of pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid and leg ulcers. An autoclaved PP dressing with a thin layer of antiseptic cream was applied at 25 sites. It was covered with multilayered gauze and the dressing was secured firmly with either a roller bandage or with an adhesive tape. Complete epithelization was seen at 20 sites (80%, near complete epithelization at one site. There was no satisfactory response at three sites and at one site the result could not be evaluated. The mean duration of healing was one week for superficial wounds and three weeks for deep wounds. The PP dressing facilitates the wound and three weeks for deep wounds. The PP dressing facilitates the wound healing process by providing and maintaining a moist environment. The PP dressing is easy to prepare, apply as well as remove. It is a comfortable dressing and is also cost effective.

  12. A New Method for Dressing Fine Grain Diamond Wheels--the Soft-Elastic Dressing Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes a completely new dressing technique, the soft-elastic dressing method, which can effectively dress fine grain diamond wheels. A rotating and vibrating abrasive belt is used in the soft-elastic dressing method. The principle of the new dressing technique and the soft-elastic dressing equipment are presented. Factors that influence the truing efficiency, truing precision and sharpening quality are carefully investigated. The grinding surface roughness after soft-elastic dressing is performed is investigated experimentally. The dressing and grinding experiments both prove that the soft-elastic dressing method has high truing efficiency, high truing precision and good sharpening quality.

  13. 21 CFR 169.115 - French dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false French dressing. 169.115 Section 169.115 Food and... § 169.115 French dressing. (a) Description. French dressing is the separable liquid food or the... fabricated shall be safe and suitable. French dressing contains not less than 35 percent by weight...

  14. 21 CFR 169.150 - Salad dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salad dressing. 169.150 Section 169.150 Food and... § 169.150 Salad dressing. (a) Description. Salad dressing is the emulsified semisolid food prepared from... food is fabricated shall be safe and suitable. Salad dressing contains not less than 30 percent...

  15. 21 CFR 878.4022 - Hydrogel wound dressing and burn dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hydrogel wound dressing and burn dressing. 878... Hydrogel wound dressing and burn dressing. (a) Identification. A hydrogel wound dressing is a sterile or... percent) and capable of absorbing exudate. This classification does not include a hydrogel wound...

  16. Advanced Therapeutic Dressings for Effective Wound Healing--A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boateng, Joshua; Catanzano, Ovidio

    2015-11-01

    Advanced therapeutic dressings that take active part in wound healing to achieve rapid and complete healing of chronic wounds is of current research interest. There is a desire for novel strategies to achieve expeditious wound healing because of the enormous financial burden worldwide. This paper reviews the current state of wound healing and wound management products, with emphasis on the demand for more advanced forms of wound therapy and some of the current challenges and driving forces behind this demand. The paper reviews information mainly from peer-reviewed literature and other publicly available sources such as the US FDA. A major focus is the treatment of chronic wounds including amputations, diabetic and leg ulcers, pressure sores, and surgical and traumatic wounds (e.g., accidents and burns) where patient immunity is low and the risk of infections and complications are high. The main dressings include medicated moist dressings, tissue-engineered substitutes, biomaterials-based biological dressings, biological and naturally derived dressings, medicated sutures, and various combinations of the above classes. Finally, the review briefly discusses possible prospects of advanced wound healing including some of the emerging physical approaches such as hyperbaric oxygen, negative pressure wound therapy and laser wound healing, in routine clinical care. PMID:26308473

  17. The Dress of Tu Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Women of the Tu ethnicity, who live on the highlands in northwest China, wear bright and colorful dresses. The married women favor shirts with sleeves decorated in a rainbow of colored flowers: yellow, green, blue, red, purple, black

  18. [Dressing and wound care pain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, Yen-Fan

    2006-12-01

    Wound care is an important step for promoting wound healing. Nevertheless it is also a major source of pain for patients with wounds. The results of a survey showed that not only burn patients but also non-burn ones suffered from wound care pain which occurred in inpatients and outpatients. One of the significant factors causing wound care pain was that the dressing adhered to the wound bed. Although some agencies claimed that particular dressings with low adhesion can result in painless removal, the actual effects needed to be verified. Results of clinical trials revealed that for relieving wound care pain of certain kinds of wound, it was recommended to use particular dressings, such as banana leaf dressing, boiled potato peel bandage, Acticoat, Mepital or Mefix. PMID:17160873

  19. [DRESS syndrome induced by ciprofloxacine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahnoun, Rym; El Aïdli, Sihem; Zaïem, Ahmed; Lakhoua, Ghozlane; Kastalli, Sarrah; Daghfous, Riadh

    2015-04-01

    The Drug rash with hypereosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, or hypersensitivity syndrome, is a severe drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome. It has been exceptionally described with ciprofloxacin. We report a 47-year-old-woman who developed DRESS syndrome, 2 days after taking ciprofloxacin for a urinary infection. She had a generalized maculopapular rash, severe rhabdomyolysis, liver involvement, renal failure and hypereosinophilia. Clinical symptoms had completely resolved after ciprofloxacin withdrawal. Renal failure has decrease after short corticosteroid treatment. PMID:25680964

  20. Hydrogel wound dressing by radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Water soluble polymers such as polyethyleneoxide (PEO), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) were irradiated in solid and molten states as well as in aqueous solution in order to synthesize a hydrogel. PEO undergoes crosslinking at all phases by radiation initiation. Among these phases, the radiation in the aqueous solution requires the lowest dose for crosslinking due to the contribution of OH radical created in radiolysis of water. The hydrogel prepared by irradiation in aqueous solution was applied to a dressing for healing of wound. In order to evaluate the healing effect of the PEO hydrogel dressing, wounds formed on the back of marmots were covered by the hydrogel. The healing under the wet environment of the hydrogel dressing had three advantages, compared with that of gauze dressing, which gives a dry environment: (1) enhancement of healing rate, (2) facilitation for changing the dressing, i.e. the hydrogel can be peeled off without any damage to the regenerated skin surface, and (3) hydrogel dressing material does not remain stuck on the wound. (author)

  1. Hydrogel wound dressing by radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshii, Fumio [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Takasaki, Gunma (Japan). Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment

    2002-03-01

    Water soluble polymers such as polyethyleneoxide (PEO), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) were irradiated in solid and molten states as well as in aqueous solution in order to synthesize a hydrogel. PEO undergoes crosslinking at all phases by radiation initiation. Among these phases, the radiation in the aqueous solution requires the lowest dose for crosslinking due to the contribution of OH radical created in radiolysis of water. The hydrogel prepared by irradiation in aqueous solution was applied to a dressing for healing of wound. In order to evaluate the healing effect of the PEO hydrogel dressing, wounds formed on the back of marmots were covered by the hydrogel. The healing under the wet environment of the hydrogel dressing had three advantages, compared with that of gauze dressing, which gives a dry environment: (1) enhancement of healing rate, (2) facilitation for changing the dressing, i.e. the hydrogel can be peeled off without any damage to the regenerated skin surface, and (3) hydrogel dressing material does not remain stuck on the wound. (author)

  2. Peripherally inserted central catheter - dressing change

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... change the dressing, you need: Sterile gloves A face mask Cleaning solution (such as chlorhexidine) in a single- ... dressing and check your skin: Put on the face mask and a pair of sterile gloves. Gently peel ...

  3. Sushi hand roll dressing for thumb polydactyly

    OpenAIRE

    Yen Chi-Hung; Ho Pak-Cheong; Hung Leung-Kim

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Surgery for thumb polydactyly is a commonly performed orthopaedic procedure in Asia Pacific region. Despite extensive publications on topical dressing methods and dressing materials in paediatric wounds, there is no single design that affords a secure and yet comfortable post-operative wound dressing for thumb polydactyly. We have devised a new dressing method, which can easily be fabricated for such purpose from readily available materials in operation theatre.

  4. Sushi hand roll dressing for thumb polydactyly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yen Chi-Hung

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Surgery for thumb polydactyly is a commonly performed orthopaedic procedure in Asia Pacific region. Despite extensive publications on topical dressing methods and dressing materials in paediatric wounds, there is no single design that affords a secure and yet comfortable post-operative wound dressing for thumb polydactyly. We have devised a new dressing method, which can easily be fabricated for such purpose from readily available materials in operation theatre.

  5. School Dress Codes and Uniform Policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Wendell

    2002-01-01

    Opinions abound on what students should wear to class. Some see student dress as a safety issue; others see it as a student-rights issue. The issue of dress codes and uniform policies has been tackled in the classroom, the boardroom, and the courtroom. This Policy Report examines the whole fabric of the debate on dress codes and uniform policies…

  6. Redressing Cross-Dressed Shakespeare

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Thomas L.; Pesta, Duke

    2003-01-01

    Gender critics obsess over the boy actors who played female roles on the Elizabethan stage. But, in their far-fetched interpretation of Shakespearean drama as a spectacle of cross dressing, these new historicists lose sight of a fundamental principle of theater. Thomas Martin and Duke Pesta argue that with their prurient chatter of "the…

  7. COLLAGEN DRESSING VERSUS HEPARIN DRESSING IN BURN WOUND MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the greatest discoveries of mankind is the double edge sword “fi re”. This has been both a boon and a bane to mankind, on one side it helps in the survival and on the other it causes suffering to those who succumb to its injuries. Burn injuries are known for their complexity and their treatment requires a complete under standing of patho - physiology and interaction of the major organ systems. In India burn injuries account for most of the hospital admissions. Various treatment options are available for burn wound management. Heparin and collagen are the two dressings have been found to useful in burn wound management, hence we decided to study their comparison in burn wound management. AIMS: In view of the above said we considered to study the effectiveness of collagen dressing in treating burns with that of heparin dressin g. METHODS AND MATERIAL: A prospective study was done at between June 2010 to September 2012 in which 100 patients who presented with second degree burns were chosen by random sampling technique, and were grouped into 2 groups consisting of 50 patients eac h after excluding patients who did not meet the inclusion criteria and those who met the exclusion criteria . STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Chi square test, Fishers exact test used to assess the statistically significant values. Values of p<0.05 or less were consid ered to be statistically significant. RESULTS: In our study it was observed that duration taken for wound healing is lesser in the collagen group than heparin group, 17.36 days in case of collagen dressing and 21.26 days in case of conventional dressings. It was also observed that duration of hospital stay was less that is 10.02 days in those treated with collagen dressing as compared to 15.32 days in heparin group. It was also observed that there was less pain and better patient compliance with collagen dr essing. CONCLUSION: Collagen sheet is very useful in second - degree burns when compared to heparin. It

  8. 止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗妊娠合并外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病的临床观察%Clinical observation on the effect of anti -itching lotion combined with Fuyanxiao biological dressing supposi-tory in treatment of pregnancy and vulvovaginal candidiasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康玉惠

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗妊娠合并外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病(VVC)的临床疗效及复发率。方法选择妊娠合并 VVC 患者236例,将患者以随机数字表法分为两组:治疗组、对照组,各118例。治疗组采用止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗,对照组单独采用妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗,疗程结束后比较两组的临床疗效及复发率。结果治疗组治愈率90.68%,高于对照组的57.62(χ2=10.731,P <0.01);治疗组复发率3.39%,低于对照组的13.56%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=10.733,P <0.05)。结论止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗妊娠合并 VVC 可有效改善患者的临床症状,降低复发率。%Objective To observe the effect of antipruritic lotion combined Fuyanxiao with biological dress-ing suppository in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnancy(VVC)the clinical curative effect and the recurrence rate.Methods 236 patients with pregnancy complicated with VVC,would be in community were randomly divided into the two groups:combination treatment group,single drug group,118 cases in each.Combination therapy using antipruritic lotion combined Fuyanxiao biological dressing suppository combined treatment,the control group was treated by Fuyanxiao biological dressing suppository treatment,two groups of clinical efficacy and recurrence rate after the end of treatment were compared.Results The cure rate in the combined treatment group was 90.68%,which was higher than 57.62 % in the control group(χ2 =10.731,P <0.01);The recurrence rate in the combined treatment group was 3.39%,which was lower than 13.56% in the control group(χ2 =10.733,P <0.05).Conclusion The antipruritic lotion combined Fuyanxiao biological dressing suppository in the treatment of pregnancy with VVC can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients,reduce the recurrence rate.

  9. Functional Salad Dressing as an Excipient Food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Karakaya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop salad dressing as an excipient food that can be used to enhance beneficial effects of salads when co-ingested together. The compounds that include bioactive constituents different from other salad dressings are germinated seed and sprouts of lentils and cowpeas, and caseinomacropeptide isolated from whey. The proximate composition, total phenols and total flavonoids of salad dressing were determined. Its beneficial effects on health (antioxidant activity, antidiabetic activity, bile acid binding capacity, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activity were determined using in vitro methods.
Energy value of salad dressing is 111 kcal/100 g and 11.41% of the energy value of the salad dressing is provided by protein. Total phenol content is 79 mg CE/100 g. Salad dressing displayed higher antioxidant activity against DPPH radical (130 mM Trolox/100 g than that of ORAC value (72 mM Trolox/100 g. Salad dressing inhibited ACE by approximately 37%. Expected glycemic index of salad dressing was 74.0 and belongs to high glycemic index foods. Contrary to, salad dressing inhibited α-glucosidase and α-amylase with the IC50 values 1.77 mg protein/mL and 2.40 mg protein/mL, respectively. Relative to cholestyramine, bile acid binding capacity of salad dressing is 39.85%.

  10. Dress and Fashion in Denmark

    OpenAIRE

    Melchior, Marie Riegels

    2009-01-01

    In terms of dress and fashion Denmark is an example of a West European peripheral country within the international fashion system. Since the Middle Ages, new fashions have found their way to Denmark through the internationally oriented royal family, the purchases of well-traveled citizens, various international and national fashion reports, and the international purchases by local retailers. With varying speed new cuts, colors and styles have impressed themselves upon both t...

  11. Window dressing in mutual funds

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal, Vikas; Gay, Gerald D.; Ling, Leng

    2014-01-01

    We provide a rationale for window dressing where investors respond to conflicting signals of managerial ability inferred from a fund's performance and disclosed portfolio holdings. We contend that window dressers take a risky bet on their performance during a reporting delay period, which affects investors' interpretation of the conflicting signals and hence their capital allocations. Conditional on good (bad) performance, window dressers benefit from higher (lower) investor flows as compared...

  12. Ghee and Honey Dressing for Infected Wounds

    OpenAIRE

    Udwadia, Tehemton E

    2011-01-01

    Ghee and honey has been advocated and used as dressing for infected wounds by Sushruta (600BC) and since 1991 in four Mumbai Hospitals. The gratifying results observed with the dressing have prompted this study which aims to establish its efficacy in five recalcitrant subset of chronic infected wounds over a three year period 2006–2009. A standardized ghee and honey dressing was used to treat: a) Eight cases of fungating malignant lesions. b) Thirteen chronic venous ulcers. c) Twenty nine dia...

  13. Production of Low Calorie Salad Dressings

    OpenAIRE

    M. A. Sahari; Fatemi, H.; Sh. Amirkavei

    2004-01-01

    Low calorie salad dressings are oil-in-water emulsion products, in which the oil content has been substantially decreased. This decrease, however, is accompanied by reduction in the viscosity; hence, an undesirable texture. To overcome this, oil replacers are generally used. In this research, maltodextrin and xanthan gum were used to replace part of the oil in the production of two kinds of salad dressings; mayonnaise and three Italian salad dressing. Various formulations of these products wi...

  14. Functional Salad Dressing as an Excipient Food

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Karakaya; Sedef Nehir El; Şebnem Şimşek

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to develop salad dressing as an excipient food that can be used to enhance beneficial effects of salads when co-ingested together. The compounds that include bioactive constituents different from other salad dressings are germinated seed and sprouts of lentils and cowpeas, and caseinomacropeptide isolated from whey. The proximate composition, total phenols and total flavonoids of salad dressing were determined. Its beneficial effects on health (antioxidant activity, ...

  15. Hadronic Structure from Perturbative Dressing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arash, Firooz

    2005-09-01

    Perturbative dressing of a valence quark in QCD produces the internal structure of an extended object, the so-called Valon. The valon structure is universal and independent of the hosting hadron. Polarized and unpolarized proton and pion structure functions are calculated in the valon representation. One finds that although all the available data on g1p,n,d are easily reproduced, a sizable orbital angular momentum associated with the partonic structure of the valon is required in order to have a spin 1/2 valon.

  16. Hadronic Structure from Perturbative Dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perturbative dressing of a valence quark in QCD produces the internal structure of an extended object, the so-called Valon. The valon structure is universal and independent of the hosting hadron. Polarized and unpolarized proton and pion structure functions are calculated in the valon representation. One finds that although all the available data on g1p,n,d are easily reproduced, a sizable orbital angular momentum associated with the partonic structure of the valon is required in order to have a spin 1/2 valon

  17. Fabrication and characterization of ovalbumin films for wound dressing applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A great number of people suffer from burning injuries all around the world each year. Applying an appropriate wound dressing can promote new tissue formation, prevent losing water and inhibit invasion of infectious organisms. In this study, egg white with a long standing history, as a homemade remedy, was fabricated as a wound dressing for burn injuries. For this reason, ovalbumin films were cross-linked by 1-ethyl-3-3-dimethyl aminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) with different concentrations (1, 5 and 10 mM) using three concentrations of ethanol. Physical–chemical characterizations including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas transmission rate (GTR), tensile mechanical tests, water uptake and degradation rate were performed on the samples. The sample with 5 mM crosslinking agent at 70% ethanol was considered as the optimized one with 417 kPa of ultimate tensile strength, 64% elongation at break and 230% water uptake. In addition, biological evaluations conducted by MTT and live/dead assay indicated no sign of cyto-toxicity for all the samples. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the fibroblast cells were well spread on the sample with the formation of filopodia. In conclusion, modified ovalbumin can be applied as the base material for fabrication of wound dressing and skin care products. - Highlights: • Ovalbumin films were cross-linked by EDC with different concentrations. • Physical–chemical characterizations were performed on the samples. • Biological evaluations indicated no sign of cyto-toxicity for all the samples. • The optimized sample was considered with 5 mM crosslinking agent at 70% ethanol. • Modified ovalbumin can be applied as wound dressings and skin care products

  18. Fabrication and characterization of ovalbumin films for wound dressing applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shojaee, Mozhgan; Navaee, Fatemeh [Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Jalili–Firoozinezhad, Sasan [Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Departments of Biomedicine and Surgery, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, 4031 Basel (Switzerland); Faturechi, Rahim [Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Majidi, Mohammad [National Cell Bank of Iran, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bonakdar, Shahin, E-mail: sh_bonakdar@pasteur.ac.ir [National Cell Bank of Iran, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-03-01

    A great number of people suffer from burning injuries all around the world each year. Applying an appropriate wound dressing can promote new tissue formation, prevent losing water and inhibit invasion of infectious organisms. In this study, egg white with a long standing history, as a homemade remedy, was fabricated as a wound dressing for burn injuries. For this reason, ovalbumin films were cross-linked by 1-ethyl-3-3-dimethyl aminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) with different concentrations (1, 5 and 10 mM) using three concentrations of ethanol. Physical–chemical characterizations including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas transmission rate (GTR), tensile mechanical tests, water uptake and degradation rate were performed on the samples. The sample with 5 mM crosslinking agent at 70% ethanol was considered as the optimized one with 417 kPa of ultimate tensile strength, 64% elongation at break and 230% water uptake. In addition, biological evaluations conducted by MTT and live/dead assay indicated no sign of cyto-toxicity for all the samples. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the fibroblast cells were well spread on the sample with the formation of filopodia. In conclusion, modified ovalbumin can be applied as the base material for fabrication of wound dressing and skin care products. - Highlights: • Ovalbumin films were cross-linked by EDC with different concentrations. • Physical–chemical characterizations were performed on the samples. • Biological evaluations indicated no sign of cyto-toxicity for all the samples. • The optimized sample was considered with 5 mM crosslinking agent at 70% ethanol. • Modified ovalbumin can be applied as wound dressings and skin care products.

  19. Exploiting potency of negative pressure in wound dressing using limited access dressing and suction-assisted dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramod Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Role of negative pressure dressing and moist wound healing are well established in the treatment of both acute and chronic wounds with certain advantages and disadvantages in both the techniques. Both these techniques prevents wound colonization, but the negative pressure dressing method has proved to have a greater potency to remove secretions, prevent wound invasion and eradication established infection. In both these techniques there is no accessibility to wound environment. Limited access dressing (LAD is a moist wound dressing with negative pressure. It provides limited access to the wound through two small ports for both dressers and pathogens. The LAD design has notable advantages like wound isolation that reduces chance of wound colonization and safe disposal of infected materials (important factor to reduce hospital-acquired infections, while avoiding some major disadvantages such as opacity of dressing materials, inaccessible offensive smelling wound environment, and relatively high treatment costs. In LAD a definite intermittent negative pressure regimen is followed. The intermittent negative pressure (cycle of 30 minutes suction and 3 1 / 2 hours rest is effective. Overall, the LAD is a safe and effective alternative to conventional dressing methods. LAD is an excellent research tool for wound healing as frequent/continuous record of wound healing is possible without disturbing the wound healing process. LAD is an effective dressing for limb salvage in cases of acute and chronic complex wounds. Leech effect prevents wound related systematic response syndrome and sepsis. Suction-assisted dressing (SAD is a combination of semiocclusive dressing with negative pressure. It works by removal of fluids by intermittent (like LAD negative pressure and preventing bacterial invasion. SAD is especially advantageous where soakage is less, there is no dead tissue covering the wound (e.g., following skin grafting, superficial skin wounds (e

  20. Uniform Or Free Dress Code in Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Erkan, Doç. Dr. Serdar

    2003-01-01

    This article attempts to synthesize opinions, results of experiments and research about school dress code policies. Synthesis suggests that there are positive as well as negative effects and consequences of mandatory school uniform policy. Pilot projects should be implemented and social and cultural effects should be examined prior to any decision regarding changes in current dress codes and policies.

  1. Cyanoacrylate glue dressing for hypospadias surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mohammad Vahid Hosseini

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hypospadias repair is a common pediatric operation. Several kinds of dressings are currently available, with their benefits and side effects. Aim: The aim of our study was to introduce a new method of dressing, by pouring several layers of cyanoacrylate (CA glue as the dressing, in hypospadias surgery. Materials and Methods: Twenty out of the 61 patients with hypospadias, with a mean age of 13.5 months, were enrolled in this study. Forty-one had conventional dressing (pressure wrap dressing, while CA glue was used in 20 patients. CA glue was applied around the penis and its base four times and each time it took one minute to dry. All patients were followed postoperatively for two weeks and six to twelve months, for early and late complications, respectively. Results: One out of 20 developed wound hematoma, one had skin necrosis with infection, and edema was present in all. All these were easily diagnosed and managed rapidly. In the group treated with conventional methods, there were five infections, seven hematomas, all the patients in the group had edema and painful removal of the dressing, and 10 needed repeat dressing. Conclusions: CA glue is impermeable to urine and stool, and prevents edema and hematoma. Used in several layers, it is a good alternative dressing in hypospadias surgery.

  2. Acemannan hydrogel dressing versus saline dressing for pressure ulcers. A randomized, controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, D R; Goode, P S; LaMaster, K; Tennyson, T

    1998-10-01

    Aloe vera has been used for centuries as a topical treatment for various conditions and as a cathartic. An amorphous hydrogel dressing derived from the aloe plant (Carrasyn Gel Wound Dressing, Carrington Laboratories, Inc., Irving, TX) is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the management of Stages I through IV pressure ulcers. To evaluate effectiveness of this treatment, 30 patients were randomized to receive either daily topical application of the hydrogel study dressing (acemannan hydrogel wound dressing) or a moist saline gauze dressing. Complete healing of the study ulcer occurred in 19 of 30 subjects (63%) during the 10-week observation period. No difference was observed in complete healing between the experimental and the control groups (odds ratio 0.93, 95% CI 0.16, 5.2). This study indicates that the acemannan hydrogel dressing is as effective as, but is not superior to, a moist saline gauze wound dressing for the management of pressure ulcers. PMID:10326343

  3. MYCOSYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES AND ANTIBACTERAL EFFECTS IN WOUND DRESSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Avila Jerley* and A. Anita Margret

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bionanotechnology has emerged up as integration between biotechnology and nanotechnology for developing biosynthetic and environmental friendly technology for synthesis of nano materials. Silver has been known to have effective bactericidal properties for centuries. Nowadays, silver based topical dressings have been widely used as a treatment for infection in burns, open wounds, and chronic ulcer. As the pathogenic organisms are getting evolved day by day due to mutation and gaining antibiotic resistance, an important industrial sector of nanosciene deals with the preparation and study of nanoparticles in antibacterial clothings, burn ointments and coating for medical device. The size of nanomaterials is much smaller than that of most biological molecules and structures, therefore nanomaterials can be useful in both in vivo and in vitro biomedical research application. The purpose of the study is to synthesis and characterizes the fungal silver nanoparticles using F.oxysporum. Further investigation of the shape and size of fungal nanoparticle was done by X-ray diffraction and Scanning electron microscopic studies. A silver nanoparticle at different concentration was assessed for its antibacterial effect, against various bacteria.Further Silver based topical dressing incorporated with fungal nanoparticle was prepared and integrated into cotton band aid gauze. This study revealed the enhancement of the synthesis of silver nanoparticles by the reduction of aqueous silver ions by simultaneous release of extracellular metabolites from the culture of F. oxysporum. It also focuses on the potential application of silver nanoparticles in the medical field as a topical dressing against various wound pathogens.

  4. Comparison of Bupivacaine Moistened Dressing and Conventional Dressing for Pain Relief on Skin Graft Donor Sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the effectiveness of bupivacaine moistened dressing and conventional dressing in patients requiring split thickness skin graft for reconstruction of various defects. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns Unit, Mayo Hospital, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, from January 2011 to January 2013. Methodology: One hundred and fifty patients requiring split thickness skin grafting for various soft tissue defects were divided into two groups A and B, with 75 patients in each group. In Group A, skin graft donor site dressing was kept moist with 12 mL/100 cm/sub 2/ of 0.25% bupivacaine solution and in Group B, dressing was moistened with same amount of normal saline. Outcome was measured by calculating rescue analgesia requirements in the two groups after 24 hours. Significance was determined by comparing analgesia sparing effect of each dressing using chi-square test. Results: In Group A, 5 out of 75 (6.7%) patients required rescue analgesia. In Group B, 72 out of 75 (96%) patients required rescue analgesia (p < 0.0001). There was 93.3% effectiveness of bupivacaine soaked dressing while only 4% effectiveness of conventional dressing. Conclusion: Bupivacaine soaked dressing is much more effective in pain relief and in reducing the requirement of rescue analgesia, in early postoperative period, at split thickness skin graft donor site compared to the conventional dressing. (author)

  5. Bosonic superconformal Toda model and dressing transformation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors show the dressing transformations of the basic field and the classical chiral operators in the Bosonic Superconformal Toda model. After quantization, The related quantum algebra is obtained

  6. Dressed Zeno effect in circuit quantum electrodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hai-Chao; Ge, Guo-Qin; Feng, Shun-Bin

    2014-06-01

    We present a theoretical study of the quantum Zeno effect in a driven superconducting charge qubit strongly and ultrastrongly coupled to a transmission line resonator. Using the dressed-state approach, we predict the different dynamics behaviors of the dressed qubit subjected to two opposite projection measurements. We show that, for very frequent measurements, the survival probability of the initial state is of exponential form and the Zeno time of the dressed qubit can be several orders of magnitude longer than that of the bare qubit. For slowly repeated measurements, the detuning of the driving field has significant impact on the measurement dynamics, and by choosing appropriate parameters for the dressed qubit, the Zeno effect can occur in the nonresonant coupling case. Such a Zeno effect is excluded from a usual two-level system.

  7. Iatrogenic Digital Compromise with Tubular Dressings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corre, Kenneth A

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This case report describes a digit amputation resulting from an improperly applied tubular dressing. The safe application of digital tubular dressings, and the rationale behind it, is detailed to raise emergency physician (EP awareness.Methods: We present a case report of a recent iatrogenic-induced digit ischemia caused by improperly applied tube gauze. We review the literature on the subject and the likely sources of poor outcomes presented. The proper application of tubular gauze dressings is then outlined.Conclusion: EPs and emergency department personnel must be educated on the safe application of tubular gauze dressings to avoid dire outcomes associated with improper applications.[WestJEM. 2009;10:190-192.

  8. Music and Dress in West Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Skjold, Else

    2009-01-01

    Music and dress have played a significant role in the civilization process in West Europe. Both being aesthetic fields meant to be performed and put into play by human gesture, they have proved to be efficient tools for cultivating the movements, postures and gestures of the body. The material, cut and shape of the dress has manipulated the body to move in certain ways, as have rhythms and expressions in music. Significant for West Europe has been a duality between spirit and b...

  9. Anti-biofilm and cytotoxicity activity of impregnated dressings with silver nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Velázquez-Velázquez, Jorge Luis [Laboratorio de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, UASLP (Mexico); Santos-Flores, Andrés; Araujo-Meléndez, Javier [Servicio de Epidemiología del Hospital Central “Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto”, San Luis Potosí (Mexico); Sánchez-Sánchez, Roberto; Velasquillo, Cristina [Laboratorio de Biotecnología, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación (Mexico); González, Carmen [Laboratorio de Fisiología Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, UASLP (Mexico); Martínez-Castañon, Gabriel [Maestría en Ciencias Odontológicas Facultad de Estomatología, UASLP (Mexico); Martinez-Gutierrez, Fidel, E-mail: fidel@uaslp.mx [Laboratorio de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, UASLP (Mexico)

    2015-04-01

    Infections arising from bacterial adhesion and colonization on chronic wounds are a significant healthcare problem. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) impregnated in dressing have attracted a great deal of attention as a potential solution. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the anti-biofilm activities of AgNPs impregnated in commercial dressings against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bacteria isolated of chronic wounds from a hospital patient. The antimicrobial activity of AgNPs was tested within biofilms generated under slow fluid shear conditions using a standard bioreactor. A 2-log reduction in the number of colony-forming units of P. aeruginosa was recorded in the reactor on exposure to dressing impregnated with 250 ppm of AgNPs, diameter 9.3 ± 1.1 nm, and also showed compatibility to mammalian cells (human fibroblasts). Our study suggests that the use of dressings with AgNPs may either prevent or reduce microbial growth in the wound environment, and reducing wound bioburden may improve wound-healing outcomes. - Highlights: • Biological activities of silver nanoparticles for wound-healing purposes • Characterization of the silver nanoparticles impregnated in dressings • Reduction in the P. aeruginosa biofilm formation was statistically significant. • Compatibility to human dermal fibroblasts as the main cell type involved in the reparation • AgNPs covering the surfaces would provide great potential for prevention and treatment.

  10. Anti-biofilm and cytotoxicity activity of impregnated dressings with silver nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infections arising from bacterial adhesion and colonization on chronic wounds are a significant healthcare problem. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) impregnated in dressing have attracted a great deal of attention as a potential solution. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the anti-biofilm activities of AgNPs impregnated in commercial dressings against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bacteria isolated of chronic wounds from a hospital patient. The antimicrobial activity of AgNPs was tested within biofilms generated under slow fluid shear conditions using a standard bioreactor. A 2-log reduction in the number of colony-forming units of P. aeruginosa was recorded in the reactor on exposure to dressing impregnated with 250 ppm of AgNPs, diameter 9.3 ± 1.1 nm, and also showed compatibility to mammalian cells (human fibroblasts). Our study suggests that the use of dressings with AgNPs may either prevent or reduce microbial growth in the wound environment, and reducing wound bioburden may improve wound-healing outcomes. - Highlights: • Biological activities of silver nanoparticles for wound-healing purposes • Characterization of the silver nanoparticles impregnated in dressings • Reduction in the P. aeruginosa biofilm formation was statistically significant. • Compatibility to human dermal fibroblasts as the main cell type involved in the reparation • AgNPs covering the surfaces would provide great potential for prevention and treatment

  11. Clinical studies on using lyophilised radiation sterilised amnion membranes as dressing for leprosy wound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by a bacillus Mycobacterium leprae and characterised by the formation of nodules or of macules that enlarge and spread accompanied by loss of sensation with eventual paralysis and production of deformities and mutilation. The wound of the disease can be treated by using conventional method such as Zinc Oxide (ZnO) Ointment with sterile gauze. Human amnion membranes have been used as a biological burn dressing with good results for several decades. A comparison study on using that conventional dressings and radiation sterilised lyophilised amnion membranes has been done at Sitanala Leprosarium to observe the effectiveness of using amnion membranes as leprosy wound dressing. Number of patients observed were 85, age from 12 to 60 years old. The locations of the wounds observed were at the leg and arm, with two types of wound i.e. reaction and simple ulcer. Parameter observed was the length of the healing time of the wounds. Results show that the average length of the healing time of the wound can be reduced from 64 days to 30 days when using amnion membranes compared to using the conventional wound dressing. The length of the healing time of the simple ulcer is longer that those of reaction wound using both of the dressings

  12. Stimulation of Wound Healing by Electroactive, Antibacterial, and Antioxidant Polyurethane/Siloxane Dressing Membranes: In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gharibi, Reza; Yeganeh, Hamid; Rezapour-Lactoee, Alireza; Hassan, Zuhair M

    2015-11-01

    A series of novel polyurethane/siloxane-based wound dressing membranes was prepared through sol-gel reaction of methoxysilane end-functionalized urethane prepolymers composed of castor oil and ricinoleic methyl ester as well as methoxysilane functional aniline tetramer (AT) moieties. The samples were fully characterized and their physicochemical, mechanical, electrical, and biological properties were assayed. The biological activity of these dressings against fibroblast cells and couple of microbes was also studied. It was revealed that samples that displayed electroactivity by introduction of AT moieties showed a broad range of antimicrobial activity toward different microorganisms, promising antioxidant (radical scavenging) efficiency and significant activity for stimulation of fibroblast cell growth and proliferation. Meanwhile, these samples showed appropriate tensile strength and ability for maintaining a moist environment over a wound by controlled equilibrium water absorption and water vapor transmission rate. The selected electroactive dressing was subjected to an in vivo assay using a rat animal model and the wound healing process was monitored and compared with analogous dressing without AT moieties. The recorded results showed that the electroactive dressings induced an increase in the rate of wound contraction, promoted collagen deposition, and encouraged vascularization in the wounded area. On the basis of the results of in vitro and in vivo assays, the positive influence of designed dressings for accelerated healing of a wound model was confirmed. PMID:26473663

  13. Neutron electric dipole moment and dressed spin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Ping-Han

    The neutron electric dipole moment (EDM) experiment has played a unique role in examining the violation of fundamental symmetries and understanding the nature of electroweak and strong interaction. A non-zero neutron EDM is one of direct evidence for CP and T violation and has the potential to reveal the origin of CP violation and to explore physics beyond the Standard Model. A new neutron EDM experiment will be built to improve a factor of 100 by using a novel technique of ultra-cold neutrons(UCN) in superfluid 4He at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In the experiment, 3He in the measurement cell will be used as a neutron spin analyzer and a comagnetometer. The absorption between UCN and 3He atoms will emit scintillation light in the superfluid 4He depending on the angle between nuclear spins of two particles. Consequently, the neutron precession frequency can be derived by the scintillation light amplitude. Furthermore, the 3He precession frequency can be measured by the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). A dressed-spin technique will also be applied to measure the small precession frequency change due to a non-zero neutron EDM. The dressed-spin technique is used to modify the effective precession frequencies of neutrons and 3He atoms to make them equal by applying an oscillatory field (dressing field) that is perpendicular to the static magnetic field. The phenomenon of the dressed spin for 3He in a cell should be demonstrated before the proposed neutron EDM experiment. A successful measurement over a broad range of the amplitude and frequency of the dressing field was done at the University of Illinois. The observed effects can be explained by using quantum optics formalism. The formalism is diagonalized to solve the solution and confirms the data. In addition, the application of the dressed-spin technique was investigated. The modulation and the feedback loop technique should be considered with

  14. New Collagen-Dextran-Zinc Oxide Composites for Wound Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgeta Păunica-Panea

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper was the design, development, and characterization of some new composites, based on collagen and dextran as natural polymers and zinc oxide as antimicrobial, to be used in wound healing. Collagen hydrogels with various concentrations of dextran and zinc oxide were investigated in terms of rheological analysis. The spongious composites, obtained by freeze-drying of hydrogels, were evaluated by morphology (SEM, water uptake, and biological (enzymatic biodegradation analysis. All the results were strongly influenced by the nature and concentration of composite components. Based on the performances of the hydrogels, stationary rheometry, porous structure, morphology, and biological behavior, the antimicrobial spongious composite based on collagen and dextran with 50% ZnO were the most promising for future applications in wound dressing and a biomaterial with high potential in skin regeneration.

  15. The Running Barbed Tie-over Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cormac W. Joyce, MB, BCh, MRCSI

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Summary: Barbed suture technology is becoming increasingly popular in plastic surgery and is now being used in body contouring surgery and facial rejuvenation. We describe the novel application of a barbed suture as a running tie-over dressing for skin grafts. The barbs act as anchors in the skin, so constant tensioning of the suture is not required. The bidirectional nature of the suture prevents any slippage, and the barbs even act as a grip on the underlying wool dressing. Furthermore, the method described is both quick and simple to learn and would be useful for the sole operator.

  16. A wet dressing for hypospadias surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Gabriela Santos Martins

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction One of the main problems faced by surgeons involved in male genitalia surgeries, in particular in children with hypospadias, is the type of dressing and its use during the post-operatory period. Materials and Methods From a multidisciplinary project involving the use of sugarcane biopolymer membrane developed in the last 10 years, produced by bacterial action over sugarcane molasses, we developed a multiperforated pellicle that, when applied around the penis, protects the surgical field. It is a proven inert material that does not induce any reaction on the surgical field and can be left in situ maintaining the same characteristics during a long period of time without the need of replacement. This multiperforated tape can involve several times the penis shaft and due to its adhesiveness it hardly loosens. We compared the use of this dressing with a commercial one (made by polyurethane. Thirty patients with hypospadias were randomly selected for the use of this new type of dressing in the last 18 months. A similar group of patients used a similar commercial dressing made of polyurethane (Tegaderm© according to the same criteria of use. For safety reasons, we applied one or two sutures without the inclusion of the skin using an absorbable suture in order to prevent early detachment. A small gauze was left for 24 hours in order to absorb any possible bleeding. We recommended the irrigation of the dressing with water or saline at least three or four times a day and the patient was allowed to bath. The dressing did not need any special care and if not removed it usually detached spontaneously after 10 to 14 days. Results The tolerance to the material was satisfactory and there were no adverse reactions on the penile surface. In two cases of the biopolymer group the dressing detached spontaneously on the first and third days, respectively. In two cases of the polyurethane group it was observed major edema. The grade of satisfaction of

  17. Color stabilized hydrogel dressing and process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) Silver Sulfadiazine (SSD) hydrogel dressing in which the gel is formed by the use of electron beam (E-Beam) radiation to cross-link the polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP); in which the color of the hydrogel dressing has been stabilized by the addition thereto of magnesium trisilicate and, optionally but preferably, also hydrogen peroxide and/or polyacrylic acid is disclosed; and also the process of stabilizing the color by adding magnesium trisilicate, to a water dispersion of PVP and SSD before it is exposed to E-Beam radiation is disclosed

  18. A comparative study between collagen dressings and ‎conventional dressings in wound healing

    OpenAIRE

    Harish Rao‎; Irshad Hussein; Anand Arun; Hs Shankar Ram; Aparna Pai; Sheila R Pai; Shobha G ‎Pain

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUNDTreatment of foot ulcer remains a major health-care issue; and especially diabetic foot ulcer which ‎is the commonest cause of lower-extremity amputation. Although several investigations have ‎examined topical collagen-based dressings, none have specifically looked in India. We, therefore, ‎evaluated the effect of the collagen dressing on foot ulcer. ‎METHODSA Hundred patients with foot ulcer were evaluated. A collagen or conventional dressings were ‎applied, and the patients were f...

  19. A prospective randomised study comparing the jubilee dressing method to a standard adhesive dressing for total hip and knee replacements.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Burke, Neil G

    2012-08-01

    It is important to reduce potential wound complications in total hip and total knee arthroplasty procedures. The purpose of this study was to compare the jubilee dressing method to a standard adhesive dressing.

  20. Dual-dressed four-wave mixing and dressed six-wave mixing in a five-level atomic system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cuicui Zuo; Yigang Du; Tong Jiang; Zhiqiang Nie; Yanpeng Zhang; Huaibin Zheng; Chenli Gan; Weifeng Zhang; Keqing Lu

    2008-01-01

    We study the co-existing four-wave mixing (FWM) process with two dressing fields and the six-wave mixing (SWM) process with one dressing field in a five-level system with carefully arranged laser beams. We also show two kinds of doubly dressing mechanisms in the FWM process. FWM and SWM signals propagatingalong the same direction compete with each other. With the properly controlled dressing fields, the FWM signals can be suppressed, while the SWM signals have been enhanced.

  1. Student Dress Policies. ERIC Digest, Number 117.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaacson, Lynne

    Educators and the public are divided over the value of implementing school-uniform policies in the public schools. This digest examines arguments for and against school-uniform policies, identifies legal considerations, and offers guidelines for implementing policies on student dress. Most parents have responded favorably to uniform policies,…

  2. Development of starch based wound dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sago starch is the one of the commodity crops that produce abundantly in Sarawak, Malaysia and mainly use for food consumption. The physical and chemical characteristics of starch such as improve strength, semi-gel form, non-toxic, biocompatible and biodegradable will be useful to be use as the based material for wound dressing application. Presently almost all dressings of biomaterial product are imported that increase cost liability to the country. Development of starch based hydrogel for wound dressing application give promising results based on the properties of the hydrogel and also from the clinical test carried out on rabbit. Blend of sago starch with water-soluble polymers such as polyvinyl pyyrolidone (PVP), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyethylene oxide (PEO) produce hydrogel with good strength and elasticity that one of the criteria for dressing. The typical property of hydrogel that content above 80% water will keep the moisture environment for healing process of the wound. Based on the tissue development such as fibroblast and endothelial cells, and rate of epitheliazation from the clinical study, the healing process taken place less than 10 days with the this hydrogel. (Author)

  3. Gribov's horizon and the ghost dressing function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study a relation recently derived by K. Kondo at zero momentum between the Zwanziger's horizon function, the ghost dressing function and Kugo's functions u and w. We agree with this result as far as bare quantities are considered. However, assuming the validity of the horizon gap equation, we argue that the solution w(0)=0 is not acceptable since it would lead to a vanishing renormalized ghost dressing function. On the contrary, when the cutoff goes to infinity, u(0)→∞, w(0)→-∞ such that u(0)+w(0)→-1. Furthermore w and u are not multiplicatively renormalizable. Relaxing the gap equation allows w(0)=0 with u(0)→-1. In both cases the bare ghost dressing function, F(0,Λ), goes logarithmically to infinity at infinite cutoff. We show that, although the lattice results provide bare results not so different from the F(0,Λ)=3 solution, this is an accident due to the fact that the lattice cutoffs lie in the range 1-3 GeV-1. We show that the renormalized ghost dressing function should be finite and nonzero at zero momentum and can be reliably estimated on the lattice up to powers of the lattice spacing; from published data on a 804 lattice at β=5.7 we obtain FR(0,μ=1.5 GeV)≅2.2.

  4. Parametrization of Fully Dressed Quark Propagator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Wei-Xing; ZHU Ji-Zhen; ZHOU Li-Juan; SHEN Peng-Nian; HU Zhao-Hui

    2005-01-01

    Based on an extensive study of the Dyson-Schwinger equations for a fully dressed quark propagator in the "rainbow" approximation, a parametrized form of the quark propagator is suggested. The corresponding quark selfform of the quark propagator proposed in this work describes a confining quark propagation, and is quite convenient to be used in any numerical calculations.

  5. Bannai-Ito polynomials and dressing chains

    OpenAIRE

    Derevyagin, Maxim; Tsujimoto, Satoshi; Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei

    2012-01-01

    Schur-Delsarte-Genin (SDG) maps and Bannai-Ito polynomials are studied. SDG maps are related to dressing chains determined by quadratic algebras. The Bannai-Ito polynomials and their kernel polynomials -- the complementary Bannai-Ito polynomials -- are shown to arise in the framework of the SDG maps.

  6. Honey dressing versus silver sulfadiazene dressing for wound healing in burn patients: A retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shilpi Singh Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective : The aim was to evaluate the effect of honey dressing and silver sulfadiazene (SSD dressing on wound healing in burn patients. Materials and Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the records of 108 patients (14-68 years of age, with first and second degree burns of less than 50% of the total body surface area admitted to our institution, over a period of 5 years (2004-2008. Fifty-one patients were treated with honey dressings and 57 with SSD. Time elapsed since burn, site, percentage, degree and depth of burns, results of culture sensitivity at various time intervals, duration of healing, formation of post-treatment hypertrophic scar, and/or contracture were recorded and analyzed. Results : The average duration of healing was 18.16 and 32.68 days for the honey and SSD group, respectively. Wounds of all patients reporting within 1 h of burns became sterile with the honey dressing in less than 7 days while there was none with SSD. All wounds treated with honey became sterile within 21 days while for SSD-treated wounds, this figure was 36.5%. A complete outcome was seen in 81% of all patients in the "honey group" while in only 37% patients in the "SSD group." Conclusion : Honey dressings make the wounds sterile in less time, enhance healing, and have a better outcome in terms of hypertropic scars and postburn contractures, as compared to SSD dressings.

  7. Hydrocolloid dressing in pediatric burns may decrease operative intervention rates.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Martin, Fiachra T

    2010-03-01

    Partial-thickness scalds are the most common pediatric burn injury, and primary management consists of wound dressings to optimize the environment for reepithelialization. Operative intervention is reserved for burns that fail to heal using conservative methods. Worldwide, paraffin-based gauze (Jelonet) is the most common burn dressing; but literature suggests that it adheres to wounds and requires more frequent dressing change that may traumatize newly epithelialized surfaces. Hydrocolloid dressings (DuoDERM) provide an occlusive moist environment to optimize healing and are associated with less frequent dressing changes.

  8. A simple method of applying ear dressing in microtia patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinita Puri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Numerous splints and ear guards have been described for dressing in microtia patients but each has its own merit and demerit. We have devised a simple method of applying such dressings on the operating table. Materials and Methods: A rectangular piece of lubricated dressing material like paraffin gauze or antibiotic impregnated dressing is cut. The dressing material is than split partially into one thirds in a staggered manner. The dressing material is then applied to the retroauricular sulcus. The fans of the dressing material are then turned onto themselves over the projecting ear which makes the dressing stable in its position. Results: The authors have been regularly using this dressing for reconstruction in all cases of microtia. The dressing stays firmly in place in the peri-operative period and is subsequently replaced by stents. Conclusion: It is a low cost, readily available, simple, fast and effective method of ear dressing in the peri-operative period for microtia cases.

  9. Biologic

    CERN Document Server

    Kauffman, L H

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we explore the boundary between biology and the study of formal systems (logic). In the end, we arrive at a summary formalism, a chapter in "boundary mathematics" where there are not only containers but also extainers ><, entities open to interaction and distinguishing the space that they are not. The boundary algebra of containers and extainers is to biologic what boolean algebra is to classical logic. We show how this formalism encompasses significant parts of the logic of DNA replication, the Dirac formalism for quantum mechanics, formalisms for protein folding and the basic structure of the Temperley Lieb algebra at the foundations of topological invariants of knots and links.

  10. Periodontal Dressing-containing Green Tea Epigallocathechin gallate Increases Fibroblasts Number in Gingival Artifical Wound Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardisa U. Pradita

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Green tea leaf (Camellia sinensis is one of herbal plants that is used for traditional medicine. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG in green tea is the most potential polyphenol component and has the strongest biological activity. It is known that EGCG has potential effect on wound healing. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of adding green tea EGCG into periodontal dressing on the number of fibroblasts after gingival artificial wound in animal model. Methods: Gingival artifical wound model was performed using 2mm punch biopsy on 24 rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus. The animals were divided into two groups. Periodontal dressing with EGCG and without EGCG was applied to the experimental and control group, respectively. Decapitation period was scheduled at day 3, 5, and 7 after treatment. Histological analysis to count the number of fibroblasts was performed. Results: Number of fibroblasts was significantly increased in time over the experimental group treated with EGCG periodontal dressing compared to control (p<0.05. Conclusion: EGCG periodontal dressing could increase the number of fibroblast, therefore having role in wound healing after periodontal surgery in animal model.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v20i3.197

  11. Periodontal Dressing-containing Green Tea Epigallocathechin gallate Increases Fibroblasts Number in Gingival Artifical Wound Model

    OpenAIRE

    Ardisa U. Pradita; Agung P. Dhartono; Catur A. Ramadhany; Ali Taqwim

    2014-01-01

    Green tea leaf (Camellia sinensis) is one of herbal plants that is used for traditional medicine. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in green tea is the most potential polyphenol component and has the strongest biological activity. It is known that EGCG has potential effect on wound healing. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of adding green tea EGCG into periodontal dressing on the number of fibroblasts after gingival artificial wound in animal model. Methods: Gingival artific...

  12. Noncommutative instantons via dressing and splitting approaches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Almost all known instanton solutions in noncommutative Yang-Mills theory have been obtained in the modified ADHM scheme. In this paper we employ two alternative methods for the construction of the self-dual U(2) BPST instanton on a noncommutative euclidean four-dimensional space with self-dual noncommutativity tensor. Firstly, we use the method of dressing transformations, an iterative procedure for generating solutions from a given seed solution, and thereby generalize Belavin's and Zakharov's work to the noncommutative setup. Secondly, we relate the dressing approach with Ward's splitting method based on the twistor construction and rederive the solution in this context. It seems feasible to produce nonsingular noncommutative multi-instantons with these techniques. (author)

  13. Substaniation of antimicrobial dressings use in surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paliy G.K.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Antimicrobial materials incorporate in their structure modern antiseptics, which have the ability of dischargeng in the environment and provide death of opportunistic microorganisms. The results of the research of antimicrobial qualities of modern dressings, which include decamethoxine, chlorhexidine digluconate, furagin are shown. It was found that strains of Staphylococcus spp., Escherichia spp., Pseudomonas spp. are of high sensitivity to decamethoxin in dressing materials in comparison with textile materials, finished with chlorhexidine digluconate, furagin. The kinetics of decamethoxin release from antimicrobial materials is presented in the article. It was proven, that the release of decametoxin from antimicrobial materials in the environment occurs due to the diffusion and hydrolytic destruction of polymers in aqueous phase, which continues during 15 days.

  14. Normal saline wound dressing--is it really normal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, J K; Saliba, L; Smith, M J; McTavish, J; Raine, C; Curtin, P

    2000-01-01

    Gauze swabs soaked in normal saline are frequently used as dressing on open wounds. Their exact mechanism of action is not known. This study was designed to assess the hypothesis that normal saline dressings act in part as an osmotic dressing. Ten patients had skin ulcers (n = 10) dressed with normal saline soaked sponges. Acting as controls (n = 10) identical sponges were placed upon intact skin. The sponge fluid osmolarity and electrolyte concentrations were serially assayed to test our hypothesis. In the control group, the osmolarity, sodium and chloride concentrations increased with time as a result of evaporation, altering it from an isotonic to a hypertonic dressing. However, in the ulcer group, the osmolarity, sodium and chloride concentrations in the sponge fluid remained relatively isotonic with time. This result is statistically significant (Pisotonicity. The dressing remains functional provided that the wound fluid is absorbed freely from the wound. This process is terminated when either the dressing completely absorbs the wound fluid or the dressing dries out. The latter often occurs prematurely in a contaminated wound or in a wound where exudate forms a non-permeable barrier which prevents osmosis and allows the remaining water in the dressing to evaporate completely. This correlates with the observation in clinical practice that for maximum efficacy the dressing should be changed regularly. PMID:10657448

  15. Quantum dress for a naked singularity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casals, Marc; Fabbri, Alessandro; Martínez, Cristián; Zanelli, Jorge

    2016-09-01

    We investigate semiclassical backreaction on a conical naked singularity space-time with a negative cosmological constant in (2 + 1)-dimensions. In particular, we calculate the renormalized quantum stress-energy tensor for a conformally coupled scalar field on such naked singularity space-time. We then obtain the backreacted metric via the semiclassical Einstein equations. We show that, in the regime where the semiclassical approximation can be trusted, backreaction dresses the naked singularity with an event horizon, thus enforcing (weak) cosmic censorship.

  16. Dual quark condensate and dressed Polyakov loops

    OpenAIRE

    Bilgici, Erek; Bruckmann, Falk; Gattringer, Christof; Hagen, Christian

    2008-01-01

    We construct a new order parameter for finite temperature QCD by considering the quark condensate for U(1)-valued temporal boundary conditions for the fermions. Fourier transformation with respect to the boundary condition defines the dual condensate. This quantity corresponds to an equivalence class of Polyakov loops, thereby being an order parameter for the center symmetry. We explore the duality relation between the quark condensate and these dressed Polyakov loops numerically, using quenc...

  17. Quantum dress for a naked singularity

    CERN Document Server

    Casals, Marc; Martínez, Cristián; Zanelli, Jorge

    2016-01-01

    We investigate semiclassical backreaction on a conical naked singularity space-time with a negative cosmological constant in (2+1)-dimensions. In particular, we calculate the renormalized quantum stress-energy tensor for a conformally coupled scalar field on such naked singularity space-time. We then obtain the backreacted metric via the semiclassical Einstein equations. We show that, in the regime where the semiclassical approximation can be trusted, backreaction dresses the naked singularity with an event horizon, thus enforcing cosmic censorship.

  18. Rheological and Sensory Properties of Salad Dressings

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štern, Petr; Morávková, T.; Šedivá, A.; Panovská, Z.; Pokorný, J.

    Bratislava : Slovak society of chemical engineering, 2008. s. 189-189. ISBN 978-80-227-2903-1. [International Conference of SSCHE /35./. 26.05.2008-30.05.2008, Tatranské Matliare] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA2060404 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20600510 Keywords : psychorheology * food dressing * rheological analysis * sensory analysis Subject RIV: BK - Fluid Dynamics

  19. On Event Structure in the Torn Dress

    CERN Document Server

    Mokhov, Serguei A

    2010-01-01

    Using Pustejovsky's "The Syntax of Event Structure" and Fong's "On Mending a Torn Dress" we give a glimpse of a Pustejovsky-like analysis to some example sentences in Fong. We attempt to give a framework for semantics to the noun phrases and adverbs as appropriate as well as the lexical entries for all words in the examples and critique both papers in light of our findings and difficulties.

  20. Gribov's horizon and the ghost dressing function

    CERN Document Server

    Boucaud, Ph; Yaouanc, A Le; Micheli, J; Pène, O; Rodríguez-Quintero, J

    2009-01-01

    We study a relation recently derived by K. Kondo at zero momentum between the Zwanziger's horizon function, the ghost dressing function and Kugo's functions $u$ and $w$. We agree with this result as far as bare quantities are considered. However, assuming the validity of the horizon gap equation, we argue that the solution $w(0)=0$ is not acceptable since it would lead to a vanishing renormalised ghost dressing function. On the contrary, when the cut-off goes to infinity, $u(0) \\to \\infty$, $w(0) \\to -\\infty$ such that $u(0)+w(0) \\to -1$. Furthermore $w$ and $u$ are not multiplicatively renormalisable. Relaxing the gap equation allows $w(0)=0$ with $u(0) \\to -1$. In both cases the bare ghost dressing function, $F(0,\\Lambda)$, goes logarithmically to infinity at infinite cut-off. We show that, although the lattice results provide bare results not so different from the $F(0,\\Lambda)=3$ solution, this is an accident due to the fact that the lattice cut-offs lie in the range 1-3 GeV$^{-1}$. We show that the renor...

  1. Dressed active particles in spherical crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Zhenwei

    2016-08-17

    We investigate the dynamics of an active particle in two-dimensional spherical crystals, which provide an ideal environment to illustrate the interplay between active particles and crystallographic defects. A moving active particle is observed to be surrounded by localized topological defects, becoming a dressed active particle. Such a physical picture characterizes both the lattice distortion around the moving particle and the healing of the distorted lattice in its trajectory. We find that the dynamical behaviors of an active particle in both random and ballistic motions uniformly conform to this featured scenario, whether the particle is initially a defect or not. We further observe that the defect pattern around a dressed ballistic active particle randomly oscillates between two well-defined wing-like defect motifs regardless of its speed. The established physical picture of dressed active particles in this work partially deciphers the complexity of the intriguing nonequilibrium behaviors in active crystals, and opens the promising possibility of introducing the activity to engineer defects, which has strong connections with the design of materials. PMID:27491597

  2. Combined use of an ibuprofen-releasing foam dressing and silver dressing on infected leg ulcers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jorgensen, B.; Gottrup, F.; Karlsmark, T.;

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and safety of an ibuprofen-releasing foam (Biatain-Ibu, Coloplast A/S) combined with an ionised silver-releasing wound contact layer (Physiotulle Ag, Coloplast A/S) on painful, infected venous leg ulcers. METHOD: This open non-comparative study involved 24...... patients with painful, exuding, locally infected, and stalled venous leg ulcers. Persistent pain and pain at dressing change were monitored using a 11-point numerical box scale (NBS). The composition of the wound bed, the dressing combination's ability to absorb exudate and minimise leakage, ibuprofen...... dressing application, the mean concentration of ibuprofen in the wound exudate reached a constant level of 35 +/- 21 microg/ml.After 31 days, the relative wound area had reduced by 42%, with an associated decrease in fibrin and an increase in granulation tissue.The number of patients with wound malodour...

  3. 'Dressing' and bound states in quantum field theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The program of introducing 'dressed' particles (instead of 'bare' ones) was suggested earlier by L. Faddev et al. It is modified here for the case when 'dressed' states can decay. On the basis of this 'dressing' formalism, a new approach is proposed to the problem of bound states in field theories such as the hydrogen atom and the positronium in QED or hadrons in QCD. Peculiarities of this approach as compared to the known ones are discussed. 22 refs

  4. Competition between Dispersion and Absorption of Doubly-Dressed Four-Wave Mixing and Dressed Six-Wave Mixing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the competition between dispersion and absorption of doubly-dressed four-wave mixing (DDFWM) and dressed six-wave mixing. In the case of weak coupling fields limit, we find DDFWM signal is affected by destructive interference between four-wave mixing(FWM) and six-wave mixing as well as constructive interference between FWM and eight-wave mixing. By analysing the difference between two kinds of doubly dressing mechanisms (parallel cascade and nested cascade) in this opening five-level system, we can further understand the generated high-order nonlinear optical signal dressed by multi-fields

  5. Competition between Dispersion and Absorption of Doubly-Dressed Four-Wave Mixing and Dressed Six-Wave Mixing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Lei-Jian; LI Chuang-She; DU Yi-Gang; ZUO Cui-Cui; NIE Zhi-Qiang; ZHANG Yan-Peng; GAN Chen-Li; LI Yuan-Yuan; LU Ke-Qing

    2008-01-01

    We study the competition between dispersion and absorption of doubly-dressed four-wave mixing(DDFWM)and dressed six-wave mixing.In the case of weak coupling fields limit,we find DDFWM signal is affected by destructive interference between four-wave mixing(FWM)and six-wave mixing as well as constructive interference between FWM and eight-wave mixing.By analysing the difference between two kinds of doubly dressing mechanisms (parallel cascade and nested cascade)in this opening five-level system,we can further understand the generated high-order nonlinear optical signal dressed by multi-fields.

  6. One Dress, Two Dress: Dialectal Influence on Spelling of English Words among Kindergarten Children in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, L. Quentin; Zhao, Jing; Joshi, R. Malatesha

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined the influence of Singapore Colloquial English (SCE) on Standard English word spelling through a plural formation task of four words ("man", "tooth", "dress" and "child") among 168 Singaporean bilingual children with Chinese background. It was found that "dropping the plural" was the most prevalent type of error. Poor…

  7. Reviewing the evidence for advanced dressings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butcher, Martyn; White, Richard

    The principles of moist wound healing have become widely accepted since the seminal work of George Winter in the 1960s. In the subsequent 50 years, many publications have extolled the clinical value of modern or advanced wound dressings. This article reviews the findings of two studies arguing that the benefits of advanced wound care products, which are based largely on th principles of moist wound healing, cannot be justified in terms of healing outcomes or cost effectiveness. These studies have the potential to affect clinical practice and decision making, and the article highlights the importance of analysing and interpreting the findings of such studies cautiously. PMID:23923167

  8. Large energy superpositions via Rydberg dressing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazali, Mohammadsadegh; Lau, Hon Wai; Humeniuk, Adam; Simon, Christoph

    2016-08-01

    We propose to create superposition states of over 100 strontium atoms in a ground state or metastable optical clock state using the Kerr-type interaction due to Rydberg state dressing in an optical lattice. The two components of the superposition can differ by an order of 300 eV in energy, allowing tests of energy decoherence models with greatly improved sensitivity. We take into account the effects of higher-order nonlinearities, spatial inhomogeneity of the interaction, decay from the Rydberg state, collective many-body decoherence, atomic motion, molecular formation, and diminishing Rydberg level separation for increasing principal number.

  9. THE USE OF COMPUTERS IN MINERAL DRESSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko Salopek

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available In mineral dressing the computer is tnostiy used for the simulation of operating, and design of new devices and processes. For that, the knowledge of the theory of the process proper as well as of the appropriate models by which the process is truly assessed is indispensable. In the paper, model parameters are classified and reliability of individual models valorized. Milling and classification models are described in more detail. By a plant example the application of a simulation model is shown (the paper is published in Croatian.

  10. Civil Behavior, Safe-School Planning, and Dress Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studak, Cathryn M.; Workman, Jane E.

    2007-01-01

    This research examined news reports in order to identify incidents that precipitated dress code revisions. News reports were examined within the framework of rules for civil behavior. Using key words "school dress codes" and "violence," LEXIS/NEXIS was used to access 104 articles from 44 U.S. newspapers from December 3, 2004 to December 2, 2005.…

  11. Fashion as Argument: Nineteenth-Century Dress Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrens, Kathleen M.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the place of the body in the dress-reform movement, a social movement that focused on fashion as a vehicle for achieving social and political equality. Discusses how fashion became one arena in which definitions of gender were contested. Suggests the dress-reform movement's failure in redefining femininity indicates the depth of…

  12. Through the Sakarya example, variation occurred in the bride dress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Uğurlu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Culture is born and shaped by necessity. Cultural elements which are transmitted orally from generation to generation have a changing structure within their own internal dynamism. In this change, living conditions, as well as the effect of technology and mass media are also available. One of the inevitable areas of variation is clothing, finery and dressing. This is a natural process and in this process, the effect of fashion is intense. Differentiation of needs has brought variation in clothing, finery and dressing. Bride costumes and all the cultural elements in these dresses, place and regional differences in the line, has undergone change over time. Determination of cultural foundations of bride dresses in use today is very important in this regard. Culture is born and shaped by necessity. Cultural elements which are transmitted orally from generation to generation have a changing structure within their own internal dynamism. In this change, living conditions, as well as the effect of technology and mass media are also available. One of the inevitable areas of variation is clothing, finery and dressing. This is a natural process and in this process, the effect of fashion is intense. Differentiation of needs has brought variation in clothing, finery and dressing. Bride costumes and all the cultural elements in these dresses, place and regional differences in the line, has undergone change over time. Determination of cultural foundations of bride dresses in use today is very important in this regard.

  13. Identification of Workplace Dress by Low-Income Job Seekers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiki, Diana

    2013-01-01

    The author examined how low-income job seekers participating in a workplace dress program identified traditional business and business casual dress. Seventy low-income job seekers identified clothing items as traditional business (e.g., suits, ties), similar to identifications made by professionals and image consultants in previous literature.…

  14. Dressed Charge of Electron by Radiation Reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    SETO, Keita; Zhang, Sen; KOGA, James; Moritaka, Toseo; Homma, Kensuke; Nakamiya, Yoshihide; NAGATOMO, Hideo; MIMA, Kunioki

    2016-03-01

    With the progress of ultraintense short pulse laser technologies, the maximum intensity of the lasers has reached the order of 1022W/cm2. Now, several institutes are aiming at higher intensities of over 1024∼W/cm2. It is expected that these lasers can investigate the regime of the ultra-intense field effects like electron-positron pair creation and annihilation, these high-intense laser fields enters into the non-linear QED regime. However, when an electron interacts with lasers with intensities over 1022W/cm2, it has been predicted that the radiation reaction effect becomes significant. The strong radiation field can induce the fluctuation of QED vacuum (vacuum polarization or photon-photon scatterings). Though the propagator for fields is deformed by it, some kind of a polarized charge exists as the dress. In this paper, we will discuss about this dress of an electron generated by radiation in the description of classical physics. It leads to the avoidance of the mathematical difficulty of the radiation reaction problems.

  15. Analytic Solutions of Three-Level Dressed-Atom Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zheng-Ling; YIN Jian-Ping

    2004-01-01

    On the basis of the dressed-atom model, the general analytic expressions for the eigenenergies, eigenstates and their optical potentials of the A-configuration three-level atom system are derived and analysed. From the calculation of dipole matrix element of different dressed states, we obtain the spontaneous-emission rates in the dressed-atom picture. We find that our general expressions of optical potentials for the three-level dressed atom can be reduced to the same as ones in previous references under the approximation of a small saturation parameter. We also analyse the dependences of the optical potentials of a three-level 85Rb atom on the laser detuning and the dependences of spontaneous-emission rates on the radial position in the dark hollow beam, and discuss the probability (population) evolutions of dressed-atomic eigenstates in three levels in the hollow beam.

  16. Production of hydrogel wound dressing by radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been thought that making a dry scab helps to cure a wound faster. However, recently a treatment of a wound according to moist healing theory which cure a wound without making a scab is becoming popular. Accordingly, we prepared a highly stable sheet type hydrogel in a short period by radiating electron beam to an aqueous solution of a polymer. The hydrogel is not soluble in water and keeps suitable moist environment for wound healing. Therefore, a hydrogel a wound dressing, ViewgelR in which represents a registered trademark and is referred to Viewgel hereinafter, is developed and released from July of 2004. In this paper we report the process of the development of Viewgel. (author)

  17. Brändin rakentaminen : case Dressing Mimia

    OpenAIRE

    Rinne, Helena

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö käsittelee sitä miten brändi rakennetaan ja mistä elementeistä brändikuva muodostuu. Tutkimuskohteena oli Dressing Mimia -tapahtuman brändikuva. Dressing Mimia -tapahtuma on poikkitaiteellinen muotinäytös ja cocktailtilaisuus, joka järjestetään kerran vuodessa Turussa. Työn tavoitteena oli selvittää millaisia mielikuvia tapahtuman asiakkailla on tapahtumasta sekä saada taustatietoa tapahtumassa kävijöistä. Tulosten perusteella voidaan kehittää Dressing Mimian brändiarvoa ja koota...

  18. Triple-mode squeezing with dressed six-wave mixing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Feng; Li, Zepei; Zhang, Yiqi; Gao, Hong; Che, Junling; Che, Junling; Abdulkhaleq, Hasan; Zhang, Yanpeng; Wang, Hongxing

    2016-05-01

    The theory of proof-of-principle triple-mode squeezing is proposed via spontaneous parametric six-wave mixing process in an atomic-cavity coupled system. Special attention is focused on the role of dressed state and nonlinear gain on triple-mode squeezing process. Using the dressed state theory, we find that optical squeezing and Autler-Towns splitting of cavity mode can be realized with nonlinear gain, while the efficiency and the location of maximum squeezing point can be effectively shaped by dressed state in atomic ensemble. Our proposal can find applications in multi-channel communication and multi-channel quantum imaging.

  19. The assessment and treatment of wound pain at dressing change.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bell, Cassandra

    2010-01-01

    Pain is a common reason for patients with acute or chronic wounds seeking hospital admission, but it appears to be under-treated by health professionals. A quantitative descriptive study was conducted to investigate nurses\\' knowledge with regard to dressing change and wound pain. Data were collected from registered nurses (n=94). Analysis indicated a low level of knowledge with regard to pain assessment and strategies to overcome pain at dressing change, but a good knowledge of factors that contribute to pain at dressing change.

  20. Dressed Spin of Polarized 3He in a Cell

    CERN Document Server

    Chu, P H; Peng, J C; Beck, D H; Chandler, D E; Clayton, S; Hu, B Z; Ngan, S Y; Sham, C H; So, L H; Williamson, S; Yoder, J

    2010-01-01

    We report a measurement of the modification of the effective precession frequency of polarized 3He atoms in response to a dressing field in a room temperature cell. The 3He atoms were polarized using the metastability spin-exchange method. An oscillating dressing field is then applied perpendicular to the constant magnetic field. Modification of the 3He effective precession frequency was observed over a broad range of the amplitude and frequency of the dressing field. The observed effects are compared with calculations based on quantum optics formalism.

  1. OUTCOMES FOLLOWING NASAL SURGERY WITH AND WITHOUT POSTOPERATIVE NASAL DRESSINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surya Prakasa Rao

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE OF STUDY: Nasal dressing following nasal surgery in an attempt to prevent postoperative bleeding and to modulate the wound healing process. Experience with postoperative nasal dressings in otolaryngologic literature spans more than half a century; despite of this, there is still little agreement between the surgeons on the appropriate choice of nasal dressings following nasal surgery , or whether nasal dressings are required at all. This paper briefly reviews the comparative study between the postoperative case s wi th and without nasal dressings. STUDY DESIGN: It is a prospective study carried out in a te rtiary care, teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation of patients who underwent nasal surgery at tertiary teaching hospital setting bet ween February 2013 to June 2014 was performed. Nasal dressing was done in some cases who underwent nasal surgery and no dressing was done in some cases. The comparative results between the cases with and without nasal packing in terms of Postoperative blee ding, Adhesion formation, Middle turbinate lateralization were studied. RESULTS: Out of 160 patients included in this study, nasal dressing postoperatively was done in 92 cases and 68 cases were not packed postoperatively. In terms of postoperative bleedin g there is no significant difference between the cases with packs (5.43% and without pack (5.88%. Postoperative Adhesion formation was less in cases without nasal packing ( 2.94% than in cases with nasal dressing ( 8.7%. Middle turbinate lateralization i s also less in cases without nasal packing ( 8.82% than in cases with nasal packing (17.5%. CONCLUSION: The decision as to whether to pack the nose after nasal surgery remains controversial. There has been an increasing tendency to move away from removabl e nasal dressings due to discomfort and bleeding upon removal and also postoperative adhesions. This study showcases that there is no considerable difference in

  2. Collagen-based wound dressings for the treatment of diabetes-related foot ulcers: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holmes C

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Crystal Holmes,1 James S Wrobel,1 Mark P MacEachern,2 Blaise R Boles31Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, 2A Alfred Taubman Health Sciences Library, University of Michigan, 3Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USABackground: Diabetic foot ulcers are a major source of morbidity, limb loss, and mortality. A prolonged inflammatory response, extracellular matrix degradation irregularities, and increased bacteria presence have all been hypothesized as major contributing factors in the delayed healing of diabetic wounds. Collagen components such as fibroblast and keratinocytes are fundamental to the process of wound healing and skin formation. Wound dressings that contain collagen products create a biological scaffold matrix that supports the regulation of extracellular components and promotes wound healing.Methods: A systematic review of studies reporting collagen wound dressings used in the treatment of Diabetic foot ulcers was conducted. Comprehensive searches were run in Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science to capture citations pertaining to the use of collagen wound dressings in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. The searches were limited to human studies reported in English.Results: Using our search strategy, 26 papers were discussed, and included 13 randomized designs, twelve prospective cohorts, and one retrospective cohort, representing 2386 patients with diabetic foot ulcers. Our design was not a formal meta-analysis. In those studies where complete epithelialization, 58% of collagen-treated wounds completely healed (weighted mean 67%. Only 23% of studies reported control group healing with 29% healing (weighted mean 11% described for controls.Conclusion: Collagen- based wound dressings can be an effective tool in the healing of diabetic foot wounds. The current studies show an overall increase in healing rates despite

  3. Research on the 2-axis cup-wheel dressing technology of arc-diamond grinding wheel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, X. L.; Wu, H. Y.; Peng, Y. F.

    2014-08-01

    The precision dressing of arc-diamond wheel is very hard, expensive and time-consuming because of the super-hard diamond particles and complicated geometrical shape. This paper aims to investigate the cup-wheel dressing technology to realize the high-efficiency regeneration of the arc-diamond wheel. A two-axis cup-wheel dressing technique for precision dressing arc-diamond wheel was suggested and tested. The dressing mechanism of 2-axis cup-wheel was studied. The dressing algorithm and error compensation method were further investigated to improve the dressing precision and efficiency. The experimental results show that the 2-axis cup-wheel dressing technique is valid and applicable to realize the precision dressing of arc-diamond wheel. The machined optical surface condition was apparently improved with the cup-wheel dressed diamond wheel and even became much better when the error compensation algorithm was performed on the arc-diamond wheel.

  4. Peha-haft bandage as a new dressing for pediatric hypospadias repair

    OpenAIRE

    Gangopadhyay A; Sharma S

    2005-01-01

    Hypospadias Repair has varied alternatives in every step including dressing. Objective: To compare Peha-Haft cohesive dressing with compressed gauze penile wrap dressing in hypospadias repair. Patients and methods: Peha-Haft cohesive dressing was prospectively used in 60 subjects (Group A) over a period of three and a half years from Jan.2001 to July 2004 and compared with 60 subjects of compressed gauze dressing with micropore adhesive (Group B). Primary outcome measures were ease of app...

  5. Dressing transformation method for finding soliton solutions of the sinh-Gordon equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the establishment of the dressing transformations in the sinh-Gordon model is reconsidered. By carefully analysing the infinitesimal structures of dressing transformations, we improve the algebraic method for solving the dressing problem in the system and then lay the dressing transformation method on a firm basis. The modified dressing transformation method, which no longer contains any deductive jumps, turns out to become a powerful Hamiltonian approach to finding N-soliton solutions (N≥1) of the integrable systems. (author)

  6. DRESS syndrome with autoimmune hepatitis from strontium ranelate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    di Meo, Nicola; Gubertini, Nicoletta; Crocè, Lory; Tiribelli, Claudio; Trevisan, Giusto

    2016-05-01

    Strontium ranelate, which is used for postmenopausal osteoporosis, has been associated with drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, a severe, acute, potentially fatal, multisystem adverse drug reaction characterized by skin rash, fever, hematological abnormalities, and lymphadenopathy with involvement of several internal organs. We report the case of a woman who developed DRESS syndrome with a generalized maculopapular rash, eosinophilia, dyspnea, bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, and reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) with liver damage 3 weeks after administration of strontium ranelate for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Approximately 6 months after total remission of cutaneous symptoms, the patient developed autoimmune hepatitis. This case confirms that strontium ranelate should be considered as a possible factor in the etiopathology of DRESS syndrome as well as in the subsequent development of autoimmune hepatitis. The possibility of developing autoimmune hepatitis as a part of DRESS syndrome related to strontium ranelate use can occur months after the acute episode. PMID:27274555

  7. Through the Sakarya example, variation occurred in the bride dress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Uğurlu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Culture is born and shaped by necessity. Cultural elements which are transmitted orally from generation to generation have a changing structure within their own internal dynamism. In this change, living conditions, as well as the effect of technology and mass media are also available. One of the inevitable areas of variation is clothing, finery and dressing. This is a natural process and in this process, the effect of fashion is intense. Differentiation of needs has brought variation in clothing, finery and dressing. Bride costumes and all the cultural elements in these dresses, place and regional differences in the line, has undergone change over time. Determination of cultural foundations of bride dresses in use today is very important in this regard.

  8. The Red Dress: Getting to the Heart of Women's Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... runway in stunning red dresses to their own music, including Lindsay Lohan, Lee Ann Womack, Christina Milian, ... Phylicia Rashad, former Cosby Show TV personality and popular entertainer. "It's important for women to know that ...

  9. Is the QCD ghost dressing function finite at zero momentum ?

    CERN Document Server

    Boucaud, P; Leroy, J P; Le Yaouanc, A; Lokhov, A Y; Micheli, J; Pène, O; Rodríguez-Quintero, J; Boucaud, Ph.; Br\\"untjen, Th.

    2006-01-01

    We show that a finite non-vanishing ghost dressing function at zero momentum satisfies the scaling properties of the ghost propagator Schwinger-Dyson equation. This kind of Schwinger-Dyson solutions may well agree with lattice data and provides an interesting alternative to the widely spread claim that the gluon dressing function behaves like the inverse squared ghost dressing function, a claim which is at odds with lattice data. We demonstrate that, if the ghost dressing function is less singular than any power of $p$, it must be finite non-vanishing at zero momentum: any logarithmic behaviour is for instance excluded. We add some remarks about coupled Schwinger-Dyson analyses.

  10. 21 CFR 878.4020 - Occlusive wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4020 Occlusive wound dressing.... Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in part...

  11. 21 CFR 878.4018 - Hydrophilic wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4018 Hydrophilic wound dressing... notification procedures in part 807, subpart E of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 878.9....

  12. Some comments for dressing symmetry of Liouville field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we get the non-trivial Poisson brackets among elements g in the group of dressing transformation, and the Poisson brackets between g ± and the chiral components ξ and ξ-bar of the Liouville field. We also discussed the relation between dressing transformation and monodromy transformation of the Liouville field related to the uniformization theorem of Riemann surface. (author). 9 refs

  13. Nevirapine-induced rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS)

    OpenAIRE

    Shaman Gill; Amitabh Sagar; Shankar, S.; Velu Nair

    2013-01-01

    Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is an adverse reaction commonly occurring with antiepileptic agents. It was earlier referred to by various names such as dilantin hypersensitivity syndrome and anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome. It is characterized by the triad of fever, skin eruption, and systemic involvement. DRESS syndrome has also been reported with a number of other drugs including allopurinol, minocycline, terbinafine, sulfonamides, azathioprine, ...

  14. Medicare Payment: Surgical Dressings and Topical Wound Care Products

    OpenAIRE

    Schaum, Kathleen D.

    2014-01-01

    Medicare patients' access to surgical dressings and topical wound care products is greatly influenced by the Medicare payment system that exists in each site of care. Qualified healthcare professionals should consider these payment systems, as well as the medical necessity for surgical dressings and topical wound care products. Scientists and manufacturers should also consider these payment systems, in addition to the Food and Drug Administration requirements for clearance or approval, when t...

  15. Intra-oral Plastic Pressure Dressing: A Technical Note

    OpenAIRE

    Kothari, Kamlesh; Singh, Amit Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Post-operative swelling in the maxillofacial region is a common finding, especially in the cheek region. There is abundance of soft tissue and lack of any anatomical barrier to inhibit the swelling in the cheek region. External pressure dressing is the most commonly followed norm along with steroids. This protocol usually is insufficient to counter the swelling. In our Technical note we are describing a technique of use of intra-oral plastic sheet pressure dressing along with the conventional...

  16. Chic and Casual Dress Collection for Qixi Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Qixi Festival, known as Chinese Valentine's Day, falls on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month and this year it falls on Aug. 23. To celebrate Qixi Festival, many businesses introduce Valentine's Day promotions to meet the needs of women and young girls during this romantic time of year. As a global fashion supplier, Merle Dress brings a fashionable and casual dress collection for a stylish approach to life.

  17. DRESS syndrome following ciprofloxacin exposure: An unusual association

    OpenAIRE

    Alkhateeb, Haider; Said, Sarmad; Cooper, Chad J.; Gaur, Sumit; Porres-Aguilar, Mateo

    2013-01-01

    Patient: Female, 24 Final Diagnosis: DRESS syndrome Symptoms: Fever • rash • facial and body swelling • muscular pain • diarrhea Medication: Ciprofloxacin Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Internal Medicine • Hematology Objective: Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment Background: Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) is a rare, potentially life-threatening drug reaction with a mean latency period of 3.9 weeks. It has been described in association with many medicatio...

  18. A simple and rapid method of repeated tie over dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardeep Singh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tie overdressing is commonly used to secure the graft against the raw surface and prevent loss due to of hematoma or seroma. A conventional tie over dressing with silk sutures, is a useful method of securing the graft to raw area. Refixation is difficult when repeated tie over dressings are needed. We assessed a low cost repeated tie over dressing method using sterile sample collection containers and silk suture threads in eight patients. After the graft is applied on the bed, tie-over stitches are taken, and paraffin gauze is applied over with adequate padding; the tie over sutures are passed through the container and the lid is tightened over it to complete the dressing. The lid can be unscrewed easily at any time to inspect the graft and can be easily reapplied in the outpatient department. The skin graft take in all the patients was complete without any seroma or hematoma. A novel and low-cost tie over dressing that enables simple fixation of the dressing, to maintain proper position of grafts that require repeated fixation is reported here.

  19. Elaboration of amniotic membrane dressing dried by air and irradiated - Peruvian experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this work is to prepare dressings from the amniotic membrane to be used in cases of skin damage principally due to superficial and intermediate second-degree burns. The amnion is a transparent membrane that lines the chorion. It is resistant and rich in collagen. Due to these characteristics it can be well used as biological dressing as it diminishes the loss of fluids, electrolytes and proteins, it also protects the growing epithelium and adheres well to the surface of the wound, improves mobility of the patient, diminishing pain and stimulating neovascularization. The ISN-IPEN Tissue Bank promoted by IAEA has processed amniotic membrane since July 1997. Initially dressings were prepared using antibiotics, after IAEA training at the MINT of Malaysia, it is processed dried by air, lyophylized and in both presentations, sterilized by gamma-rays. Amniotic membranes are procured from Lima Maternity. Tissues must comply with VDRL, HIV, Hepatitis B and C exclusion tests. The process is held in a laminar flow hood and amnion already separated from the chorion is washed with sterile distilled water, a solution of 0.05% sodium hypochlorite, and normal saline. Then it is cut into appropriate sizes and double packed in PE films. The dressings are then carried to the Peruvian Institute of Nuclear Energy for irradiation, depending on the number of samples either irradiated with gamma-rays at the Gammacell 220 or at the Irradiation Facility located in Santa Anita. The delivered dose is 25 kGy. The product is only released if it complies with the end product quality controls. Meanwhile, microbiological tests are carried out during all the processing stages, in order to monitor the microbial load during production. In conclusion we can state that dressings prepared as above mentioned have the following advantages: not complicated preparation; reliable and safe for clinical use; diminish infection rates and days spent in the hospital; easy to storage; and can be

  20. Comparison of different side-dressings on winter wheat yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stipešević Bojan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The trial with different side-dressing fertilizations for winter wheat has been conducted at Vetovo site, Croatia, in vegetation seasons 2007/08 and 2008/09. The five side-dressing fertilizations has been tested (Control - no sidedressing, KAN - 100 kg KAN ha-1 in tillering and jointing stages; M1 - 8 l of foliar NPK fertilizer 'Profert Mara' ha-1; M2 - 16 l ha-1 of foliar fertilizer, and; M3 - 24 ha-1 of foliar fertilizer at four winter wheat cultivars (Anika, Fiesta, Gabi and Rapsodija, with previously applied 400 kg NPK 7:20:30 ha-1 for all treatments. Results showed that all foliar side-dressing treatments gave winter wheat grain yield higher than the control, and that M1 treatment showed equal in comparison with KAN side-dressing. Treatments M2 and M3 had, in comparison with the control, KAN and M1 treatments, higher yields which leads toward conclusion that foliar treatments can be recommended for side-dressing for given agroecological conditions.

  1. Development of antimicrobial and scar preventive chitosan hydrogel wound dressings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anjum, Sadiya; Arora, Abha; Alam, M S; Gupta, Bhuvanesh

    2016-07-11

    Antimicrobial and scar preventive wound dressings were developed by coating a blend of chitosan (CS), polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyvinyl pyrolidone (PVP) on the cotton fabric and subsequent freeze drying. The miscibility of blend systems and functional group interaction were investigated by attenuated total reflectance-infra red spectroscopy. The scanning electron microscopy of the coated fabric revealed porous structure. The porosity of the material was 54-70% and the pore size was in the range of 75-120μm depending on the blend composition. The air permeability diminished as the PVP content increased. The water vapour transmission rate was in the range of 2000-3500g/m(2)day which may offer to be proper material for the wound dressing with moderate exudate absorption. Tetracycline hydrochloride was used as model drug within the hydrogel matrix. The cumulative release of drug was found to be ∼80% of the total loading after ∼48h. The drug loaded dressings showed good antimicrobial nature against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria. In vivo wound healing and tissue compatibility studies were carried out over a period of 21 days on full-thickness skin wounds created on male Wistar rats. Fast healing was observed in drug loaded dressing treated wounds with minimum scarring, as compared to the other groups. These results suggest that drug loaded dressing could provide scar preventive wound healing. PMID:27163526

  2. Application of VitaVallis dressing for infected wounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirilova, N. V.; Fomenko, A. N.; Korovin, M. S.

    2015-11-01

    Today there is a growing demand for safe and efficient antimicrobial dressings for infected wound treatment. The antimicrobial sorption material for VitaVallis dressings was produced by one-stage oxidation of aluminum nanopowder in water in the presence of fibrous acetylcellulose matrix. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the material is made up of fibers of diameter 1.5-3.0 µm with adhered agglomerated alumina nanosheets. An antimicrobial study revealed a high inhibitory effect of VitaVallis against the growth of gram-negative (E.coli, P. aeruginosa) and gram-positive (S. aureus) strains. The antimicrobial activity of the dressing against microbial pathogens on the wound surface was demonstrated in in vivo experiments on male rats. The dressing was also tested on volunteer patients. The testing showed reduction of the wound healing period, accelerated cleaning of the infected wound and enhanced tissue regeneration in the wound. The results demonstrate that the VitaVallis dressing can be used for the treatment of deep infected wounds.

  3. Application of VitaVallis dressing for infected wounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Today there is a growing demand for safe and efficient antimicrobial dressings for infected wound treatment. The antimicrobial sorption material for VitaVallis dressings was produced by one-stage oxidation of aluminum nanopowder in water in the presence of fibrous acetylcellulose matrix. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the material is made up of fibers of diameter 1.5–3.0 µm with adhered agglomerated alumina nanosheets. An antimicrobial study revealed a high inhibitory effect of VitaVallis against the growth of gram-negative (E.coli, P. aeruginosa) and gram-positive (S. aureus) strains. The antimicrobial activity of the dressing against microbial pathogens on the wound surface was demonstrated in in vivo experiments on male rats. The dressing was also tested on volunteer patients. The testing showed reduction of the wound healing period, accelerated cleaning of the infected wound and enhanced tissue regeneration in the wound. The results demonstrate that the VitaVallis dressing can be used for the treatment of deep infected wounds

  4. Application of VitaVallis dressing for infected wounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirilova, N. V., E-mail: n.kirilova@vitavallis.com; Fomenko, A. N., E-mail: alserova@ispms.tsc.ru; Korovin, M. S., E-mail: msk@ispms.tsc.ru [Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science SB RAS, 2/4 Akademicheskii pr., Tomsk, 634055 (Russian Federation)

    2015-11-17

    Today there is a growing demand for safe and efficient antimicrobial dressings for infected wound treatment. The antimicrobial sorption material for VitaVallis dressings was produced by one-stage oxidation of aluminum nanopowder in water in the presence of fibrous acetylcellulose matrix. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the material is made up of fibers of diameter 1.5–3.0 µm with adhered agglomerated alumina nanosheets. An antimicrobial study revealed a high inhibitory effect of VitaVallis against the growth of gram-negative (E.coli, P. aeruginosa) and gram-positive (S. aureus) strains. The antimicrobial activity of the dressing against microbial pathogens on the wound surface was demonstrated in in vivo experiments on male rats. The dressing was also tested on volunteer patients. The testing showed reduction of the wound healing period, accelerated cleaning of the infected wound and enhanced tissue regeneration in the wound. The results demonstrate that the VitaVallis dressing can be used for the treatment of deep infected wounds.

  5. Peha-haft bandage as a new dressing for pediatric hypospadias repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gangopadhyay A

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypospadias Repair has varied alternatives in every step including dressing. Objective: To compare Peha-Haft cohesive dressing with compressed gauze penile wrap dressing in hypospadias repair. Patients and methods: Peha-Haft cohesive dressing was prospectively used in 60 subjects (Group A over a period of three and a half years from Jan.2001 to July 2004 and compared with 60 subjects of compressed gauze dressing with micropore adhesive (Group B. Primary outcome measures were ease of application, cost, comfort with dressing, dressing related early complications, pain during dressing removal assessed by FLACC score and time taken during removal. Results: Time taken during dressing removal was 30 + 11 seconds in Group A and 180 + 26 seconds in Group B. FLACC score was 3 + 2 in Group A and 7 + 3 in Group B. No sedation was required in the Group A while it was required in 26 cases in Group B Conclusion: Peha-Haft dressing was superior in terms of the ease of application, cost, comfort with dressing, dressing related early complications, time consumed and pain during dressing removal.

  6. Use of fibre dressings in children with severe epidermolysis bullosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denyer, Jacqueline; Gibson, Elaine

    This non-comparative study explored the benefits of a natural gelling fibre dressing in 10 children with epidermolysis bullosa (EB). The clinical challenge in managing these children is that they often present with recalcitrant wounds that are perpetuated by critical colonisation, presence of biofilms and infection. KytoCel® (Aspen Medical) is a highly absorbent dressing composed of natural, biodegradable acylated chitosan. These fibres bond with wound exudate to form a clear gel that locks in fluid absorbs pathogens and is conformable to the wound bed. It also has haemostatic properties. ( Dutta PK et al, 2004 ; Lee et al, 2009 ; Stephen Haynes et al, 2014 ). Factors considered were whether the dressing could aid healing, reduce bleeding, reduce bioburden, be atraumatic and comfortable during wear time and removal. PMID:25816002

  7. Role of dressed-state interference in electromagnetically induced transparency

    CERN Document Server

    Khan, Sumanta; Natarajan, Vasant

    2016-01-01

    Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in three-level systems uses a strong control laser on one transition to modify the absorption of a weak probe laser on a second transition. The control laser creates dressed states whose decay pathways show interference. We study the role of dressed-state interference in causing EIT in the three types of three-level systems - lambda ({\\Lambda}), ladder ({\\Xi}), and vee (V). In order to get realistic values for the linewidths of the energy levels involved, we consider appropriate hyperfine levels of 87 Rb. For such realistic systems, we find that dressed-state interference causes probe absorption (and hence EIT) to go to zero in a {\\Lambda} system, but plays a negligible role in {\\Xi} and V systems.

  8. Co-Trimoxazole-Induced DRESS Syndrome: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paitorn, Limvorraphan

    2016-02-01

    Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS syndrome) is a severe adverse drug reaction. The drugs, which most commonly induce this condition, are anti-convulsants and sulfonamides. A 15-year-old Thai woman with no known underlying disease was prescribed co-trimoxazole, and two months after initiation, DRESS was diagnosed by RegiSCAR's score. Her clinical symptoms were fever laboratory abnormalities and maculopapular rash on her face, trunk and extremities. She was treated with antipyretics, antihistamines and steroid therapy, and her clinical and laboratory findings were restored to normal by the 10th day of treatment. Early diagnosis, discontinuation of the culprit drug, and management with steroids therapy can reduce the severity of DRESS syndrome. PMID:27266243

  9. The Efficacy of Gelam Honey Dressing towards Excisional Wound Healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mui Koon Tan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Honey is one of the oldest substances used in wound management. Efficacy of Gelam honey in wound healing was evaluated in this paper. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups of 24 rats each (untreated group, saline group, Intrasite Gel group, and Gelam honey group with 2 cm by 2 cm full thickness, excisional wound created on neck area. Wounds were dressed topically according to groups. Rats were sacrificed on days 1, 5, 10, and 15 of treatments. Wounds were then processed for macroscopic and histological observations. Gelam-honey-dressed wounds healed earlier (day 13 than untreated and saline treated groups, as did wounds treated with Intrasite Gel. Honey-treated wounds exhibited less scab and only thin scar formations. Histological features demonstrated positive effects of Gelam honey on the wounds. This paper showed that Gelam honey dressing on excisional wound accelerated the process of wound healing.

  10. A Wireless Electroceutical Dressing Lowers Cost of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Ghatak, Piya Das; Schlanger, Richard; Ganesh, Kasturi; Lambert, Lynn; Gordillo, Gayle M.; Martinsek, Patsy; Roy, Sashwati

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To test whether the use of a wireless electroceutical dressing (WED) (Procellera®) in conjunction with a 5-day negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) may reduce the number of dressing changes required per week with this therapy.

  11. The ideal split-thickness skin graft donor site dressing: rediscovery of polyurethane film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dornseifer, Ulf; Fichter, Andreas M; Herter, Frank; Sturtz, Gustavo; Ninkovic, Milomir

    2009-08-01

    The almost single disadvantage of polyurethane film dressings, an uncontrolled leakage, is probably as often described as its numerous advantages for split-thickness skin graft donor sites. We solved this problem by perforating the polyurethane film, which permits a controlled leakage into a secondary absorbent dressing. The study included 30 adult patients. Skin graft donor sites at the proximal thigh were dressed with the modified film dressing. Our results indicate that this dressing concept is associated with a reliable, rapid rate of epithelization. Both, controlled leakage and minimal pain caused particular comfort for patients and ward staff. Furthermore, this dressing was also suited for differently shaped and large donor sites. We conclude that the modification results in a more practicable, comfortable, and cost-effective film dressing, which requalifies the polyurethane film as an ideal dressing material for split-thickness skin graft donor sites. PMID:19571740

  12. Effects of honey dressing for the treatment of DFUs: A systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Tian

    2014-06-01

    Conclusions: Honey dressing was superior of traditional dressing for treatment of DFUs. Due to limitations in the quantity of published studies, this conclusion has yet to be carried out in large, multicenter study to validate.

  13. Nevirapine-induced rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Shaman; Sagar, Amitabh; Shankar, S; Nair, Velu

    2013-01-01

    Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is an adverse reaction commonly occurring with antiepileptic agents. It was earlier referred to by various names such as dilantin hypersensitivity syndrome and anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome. It is characterized by the triad of fever, skin eruption, and systemic involvement. DRESS syndrome has also been reported with a number of other drugs including allopurinol, minocycline, terbinafine, sulfonamides, azathioprine, dapsone, and antiretroviral agents such as abacavir and nevirapine. We describe a rare case of nevirapine-induced hypersensitivity syndrome that was successfully treated with oral steroids. PMID:24014920

  14. Nevirapine-induced rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaman Gill

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS syndrome is an adverse reaction commonly occurring with antiepileptic agents. It was earlier referred to by various names such as dilantin hypersensitivity syndrome and anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome. It is characterized by the triad of fever, skin eruption, and systemic involvement. DRESS syndrome has also been reported with a number of other drugs including allopurinol, minocycline, terbinafine, sulfonamides, azathioprine, dapsone, and antiretroviral agents such as abacavir and nevirapine. We describe a rare case of nevirapine-induced hypersensitivity syndrome that was successfully treated with oral steroids.

  15. Lamotrigine Associated DRESS Syndrome – a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balaban Jagoda

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Drug-induced delayed multiorgan hypersensitivity syndrome, also known as drug rash (reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS syndrome, represents a drug-induced cluster of skin, hematologic and systemic symptoms. More than forty drugs have been associated with this syndrome. We present a case of DRESS syndrome suspecting that lamotrigine was directly responsible for the patient’s rash and other symptoms. A female patient presented with extensive skin rash, fever, hematologic abnormalities, organ involvement such as hepatitis, pancreatitis and respiratory symptoms. The symptoms developed four weeks after the initiation of the offending drug, and disappeared eight weeks after its discontinuation.

  16. Effects of honey dressing for the treatment of DFUs: A systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Xu Tian; Li-Juan Yi; Li Ma; Lei Zhang; Guo-Min Song; Yan Wang

    2014-01-01

    Background: Honey dressing has been applied to clinical practice for many types of disease for centuries. Many researchers have studied the effects of honey dressing for the treatment of DFUs (diabetic foot ulcers), and no systematic review has considered effects of honey dressing on DFUs. A systematic review performed to objectively evaluate the effectiveness of honey dressing in the treatment of DFUs. Methods: We include all original studies found for the key words honey and diabetic foo...

  17. ASSESSMENT OF EFFICACY OF TOPICAL PHENYTOIN SODIUM DRESSING AS COMPARED TO CONVENTIONAL MOIST DRESSING IN THE MANAGEMENT OF LEG ULCERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srikanth Reddy

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Chronic leg ulcers are one of the most common surgical conditions in surgical practice. From times immemorial, many methods have been tried to treat these types of ulcers. Many techniques have been tried over the centuries to aid in healing of chronic leg ulcers, but there exists no ideal dressing till date.(1 Phenytoin Sodium, a chemical used in management of Epilepsy, is known to produce gingival Hyperplasia, an indirect evidence to enhanced Fibroblastic activity. The present study was conducted to assess the efficacy of topical Phenytoin solution dressing as compared to conventional moist dressing in the healing process of chronic leg ulcers. Phenytoin Sodium being a cheap drug, is likely to cut down, the cost burden on the individual and the Society, if proven effective.

  18. Cleavage in a Tank Top: Bodily Prohibition and the Discourses of School Dress Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pomerantz, Shauna

    2007-01-01

    In this article I explore the gendered assumptions in the new generation of dress codes that have swept through North American schools in response to how girls are dressing these days. Through a feminist poststructural examination of a particular case in Langley, British Columbia, I locate three contradictory discourses in one school's dress code…

  19. Radiation stability of resveratrol in immobilization on poly vinyl pyrrolidone hydrogel dressing for dermatological use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momesso, Roberta G. R. A. P.; Moreno, Carolina S.; Rogero, Sizue O.; Rogero, José R.; Spencer, Patrick J.; Lugão, Ademar B.

    2010-03-01

    The polyphenol trans-resveratrol is a natural phytoalexin, which is found in red wine and in a wide variety of plant species. Resveratrol displays a wide array of biological activities, such as modulation of lipid metabolism, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. This active compound immobilized in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) hydrogel could be very interesting for topical administration, as a dressing form for dermatological use. However, PVP hydrogel obtained by radiation-induced crosslinking can cause undesirable hydrolysis reactions in the active compound. The aim of this work was to verify the resveratrol stability after irradiation at 0.5 and 1 kGy in the presence of ethanol, methanol or tert-butyl alcohol. The integrity of these samples was compared to unirradiated resveratrol by HPLC. The PVP hydrogel matrix was characterized by gel fraction, swelling and in vitro biocompatibility test. The results of gel fraction and swelling degree were approximately 90% and 1600%, respectively. The cytotoxicity assay showed absence of toxicity for this formulation after crosslinking and sterilization, indicating that the PVP hydrogel formulation was appropriate for resveratrol immobilization to produce a dressing for dermatological use.

  20. Radiation stability of resveratrol in immobilization on poly vinyl pyrrolidone hydrogel dressing for dermatological use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The polyphenol trans-resveratrol is a natural phytoalexin, which is found in red wine and in a wide variety of plant species. Resveratrol displays a wide array of biological activities, such as modulation of lipid metabolism, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. This active compound immobilized in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) hydrogel could be very interesting for topical administration, as a dressing form for dermatological use. However, PVP hydrogel obtained by radiation-induced crosslinking can cause undesirable hydrolysis reactions in the active compound. The aim of this work was to verify the resveratrol stability after irradiation at 0.5 and 1 kGy in the presence of ethanol, methanol or tert-butyl alcohol. The integrity of these samples was compared to unirradiated resveratrol by HPLC. The PVP hydrogel matrix was characterized by gel fraction, swelling and in vitro biocompatibility test. The results of gel fraction and swelling degree were approximately 90% and 1600%, respectively. The cytotoxicity assay showed absence of toxicity for this formulation after crosslinking and sterilization, indicating that the PVP hydrogel formulation was appropriate for resveratrol immobilization to produce a dressing for dermatological use.

  1. Radiation stability of resveratrol in immobilization on poly vinyl pyrrolidone hydrogel dressing for dermatological use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Momesso, Roberta G.R.A.P., E-mail: robertapassarelli@yahoo.com.b [IPEN/CNEN-SP-Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, Avenida Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242, Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 05508-000 (Brazil); Moreno, Carolina S.; Rogero, Sizue O.; Rogero, Jose R.; Spencer, Patrick J.; Lugao, Ademar B. [IPEN/CNEN-SP-Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, Avenida Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242, Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 05508-000 (Brazil)

    2010-03-15

    The polyphenol trans-resveratrol is a natural phytoalexin, which is found in red wine and in a wide variety of plant species. Resveratrol displays a wide array of biological activities, such as modulation of lipid metabolism, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. This active compound immobilized in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) hydrogel could be very interesting for topical administration, as a dressing form for dermatological use. However, PVP hydrogel obtained by radiation-induced crosslinking can cause undesirable hydrolysis reactions in the active compound. The aim of this work was to verify the resveratrol stability after irradiation at 0.5 and 1 kGy in the presence of ethanol, methanol or tert-butyl alcohol. The integrity of these samples was compared to unirradiated resveratrol by HPLC. The PVP hydrogel matrix was characterized by gel fraction, swelling and in vitro biocompatibility test. The results of gel fraction and swelling degree were approximately 90% and 1600%, respectively. The cytotoxicity assay showed absence of toxicity for this formulation after crosslinking and sterilization, indicating that the PVP hydrogel formulation was appropriate for resveratrol immobilization to produce a dressing for dermatological use.

  2. Novel chitin/chitosan-glucan wound dressing: Isolation, characterization, antibacterial activity and wound healing properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Mohsen, A M; Jancar, J; Massoud, D; Fohlerova, Z; Elhadidy, H; Spotz, Z; Hebeish, A

    2016-08-20

    Chitin/chitosan-glucan complex (ChCsGC) was isolated from Schizophyllum commune (S. commune) and dissolved for the first time in precooled (-15°C) 8wt.% urea/6wt.% NaOH aqueous solution. Novel nonwoven microfiber mats were fabricated by wet-dry-spinning technique and evaluated the mechanical of fabrics mats and surface morphology. Isolated and nonwoven mat were characterized employing FTIR-ATR, Optical microscope, TGA, DSC, H/C NMR, SEM and XRD techniques. According to the physical/chemical characterization measurements we can assumed that, the net and the novel dressing mats have the same chemical structure with slightly changes in the thermal stability for the dressing mats.The biological activity of the nonwoven ChCsGC fabric was tested against different types of bacteria exhibiting excellent antibacterial activity. Cell viability of the plain complex and nonwovens mats were evaluated utilizing mouse fibroblast cell line varying concentrations and treatment time. ChCsGC did not show any cytotoxicity against mouse fibroblast cells and the cell-fabrics interaction was also investigated using fluorescence microscope. The novel ChCsGC nonwovens exhibited excellent surgical wound healing ability when tested using rat models. PMID:27265311

  3. Hyaluronic acid dressing (Healoderm) in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, single-center study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Moses; Han, Seung Hwan; Choi, Woo Jin; Chung, Kwang Ho; Lee, Jin Woo

    2016-05-01

    Fast and complete healing of a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is challenging due to the hostile wound healing environment of the diabetic patients. As a part of a multimodal treatment approach, advanced dressing material using hyaluronic acid (HA) has been found to be effective. However, previous studies have used HA with additional biologics, which interferes in determining the true clinical effect of HA in DFU. To examine the sole effectiveness of HA in DFU treatment, a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, single-center study was conducted using an HA dressing without additional substances. Thus, 34 patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into two groups (the study group: HA dressing material; the control group: conventional dressing material). During the 12-week study period, complete ulcer healing rate was evaluated as a primary endpoint. Additionally, healing velocity and the mean duration for achieving a 50% ulcer size reduction was compared between the two groups as a secondary endpoint. At the end of the study, the study group presented a significantly higher complete healing rate as compared to that in the control group [84.6% (11/13), 41.6% (5/12), respectively, P = 0.041]. Additionally, faster ulcer healing velocity and shorter mean duration for achieving a 50% ulcer size reduction were observed in the study group (P = 0.022 and 0.004, respectively). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis for the median time for 50% ulcer healing rate also showed a significantly shorter duration in the study group (21 days vs. 39 days, P = 0.0127). Finally, there were no adverse events related to the dressing materials used in the study. As a major component of the extracellular matrix, this study supports the safety and efficacy of a pure HA dressing without additional substances in treating DFU. PMID:26972358

  4. Dressing symmetry of the uniformization solution of Liouville equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the relations between monodromy group and dressing group for Liouville equation in uniformization theorem are discussed. The representation of monodromy transformation, acting on the chiral components of the solution of Liouville equation, is obtained. The non-trivial exchange algebra for monodromy transformation is calculated. (author). 14 refs

  5. The Dress Room: responsive spaces and embodied interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vallgårda, Anna

    2014-01-01

    What does it entail to be embraced by a space that responds to your actions? What kind of relations can we create between the active body and the active space? What qualities does the responsivity have for creating certain experiences of a space? Through the Dress Room, I begin to explore the qua...

  6. The Red Dress: Getting to the Heart of Women's Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues The Red Dress: Getting to the Heart of Women's Health Past Issues / Winter 2007 ... Johnson (far right). Photo courtesy NIH/NHLBI For the fifth consecutive year, The Heart Truth — a national ...

  7. Parents' Opinions of the Uniform Student Dress Code.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Helen; Ogletree, Earl

    The attitudes of parents toward a uniform student dress code were surveyed at a Chicago (Illinois) public school. Subjects were 15 Black parents (10 females and 5 males) and 15 Hispanic American parents (10 females and 5 males) who answered a questionnaire sent home with their children. The questionnaire examined attitudes toward designer clothing…

  8. Excitation Spectrum of Three Dressed Bose-Einstein Condensates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OU-YANG Zhong-Wen; KUANG Le-Man

    2000-01-01

    We study quantum dynamics of three dressed Bose-Einstein condensates in a high-Q cavity. The quasiparticle excitation spectrum of this system is found numerically. The stability of the quasiparticle excitation is analyzed. It is shown that there exist instabilities in the excitation spectrum.

  9. Novel wound models for characterizing ibuprofen release from foam dressings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffansen, Bente; Herping, Sofie P K

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to design and characterize low exudate level wound (LEW) and high exudate level wound (HEW) in vitro models by means of investigating therapeutic substance release from exudate-absorbing formulations. Biatain Ibu foam dressing was used to characterize in vitro...

  10. Chemical Potential Dependence of Dressed-Quark Propagator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZONG Hong-Shi; HOU Feng-Yao; SUN Wei-Min; WU Xiao-Hua

    2004-01-01

    A method for obtaining the low chemical potential dependence of the dressed quark propagator from an effective quark-quark interaction model is developed. Of particular interest here is to give a generalrecipe to find without arbitrariness the solution representing the "Wigner" phase at non-zero chemical potential for the purpose of studying QCD phase structure.

  11. Chemical Potential Dependence of Dressed-Quark Propagator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZONGHong-Shi; HOUFeng-Yao; SUNWei-Min; WUXiao-Hua

    2004-01-01

    A method for obtaining the low chemical potential dependence of the dressed quark propagator from an effective quark-quark interaction model is developed.Of particular interest here is to give a general recipe to find without arbitrariness the solution representing the “Wigner”phase at non-zero chemical potential for the purpose of studying QCD phase structure.

  12. Relations between rheological and textural characteristics of dressings

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štern, Petr; Pokorný, J.

    Guimaraes : Portuguese Society of Rheology, 2003. s. 22. [Annual European Rheology Conference /1./. 11.09.2003-13.09.2003, Guimaraes] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA2060902 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2060917 Keywords : rheology * texture * dressings Subject RIV: BK - Fluid Dynamics

  13. Dress Codes in Post-Apartheid South African Workplaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Terri; Nodoba, Gaontebale

    2009-01-01

    There are many factors that influence dress code decision making in formal and informal business arenas. In South Africa, with its colonial and apartheid history followed by an exuberant resurgence of Africanism, factors such as diversity of race, ethnicity, religion, and culture play a critical role in lifestyle and worldview. These many and…

  14. Canonical dressing in the multimode Jaynes-Cummings model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The construction of a series of unitary decoupling transformations, which diagonalizes the multimode generalization of the Jaynes-Cummings model and provides them with an extremely convenient basis to gain a deeper understanding of the dressing processes present in the matter-radiation interaction, is presented

  15. Dicke-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Doubly Dressed Electromagnetically Induced Transparency and Singly Dressed Four-Wave-Mixing in a Confined Atomic System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yuan-Yuan; BAI Jin-Wao; LI-Li; ZHANG Wei-Feng; LI Chang-Biao; NIE Zhi-Qiang; GAN Chen-Li; ZHANG Yan-Peng

    2008-01-01

    Dicke-narrowing effect appears both in doubly dressed electromagnetically induced transparency and singly dressed four-wave-mixing lines due to the contribution of slow atoms resulting from de-excited effects of atom-wall collision and transient behaviour of atoms in a confined system. A robust recipe for high resolution spectroscopy of electromagnetically induced transparency dressed by two fields and four-wave-mixing lines comparable with the cold atoms is achievable in a thin vapour cell in experiments.

  16. NE.TIGER: With the Responsibility to Develop Chinese National Dress%NE.TIGER: With the Responsibility to Develop Chinese National Dress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanzy Wang

    2012-01-01

    On October 25th, 2012, a special forum, oriented with key of Chinese national dress, signed the opening-up of China Fashion Week 2013 S/S. NE.TIGER, as one Chinese leading luxury brand and the pilot endeavoring on national dress revitalization, gathered professional experts and scholars in culture and fashion fields to discuss and explore the strength and wisdom to drive the development and revitalization of Chinese national dress and luxury culture.

  17. Rydberg dressing of a one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate

    CERN Document Server

    Płodzień, Marcin; van Druten, N J; Kokkelmans, Servaas

    2016-01-01

    We study the influence of Rydberg dressed interactions in a one-dimensional (1D) Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC). We show that 1D is advantageous over 3D for observing BEC Rydberg dressing. The effects of dressing are studied by investigating collective BEC dynamics after a rapid switch-off of the Rydberg dressing interaction. The results can be interpreted as an effective modification of the $s$-wave scattering length. We include this modification in an analytical model for the 1D BEC, and compare it to numerical calculations of Rydberg dressing under realistic experimental conditions.

  18. Theory of dressed-state lasers. II. Phase diffusion and squeezing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakrzewski, J. (Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)); Lewenstein, M. (Institute for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)); Mossberg, T.W. (Department of Physics, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (United States))

    1991-12-01

    We present a detailed theory of the quantum-statistical properties of dressed-state lasers, i.e., lasers that operate due to the gain on an inverted transition between dressed states of a coupled atom-field system. With the help of quantum Langevin equations, we calculate squeezing spectra of such lasers. One-photon dressed-state lasers exhibit large squeezing due to antiresonant transitions between dressed states that lead to Bloch-Siegert-type shift effects. Two-photon dressed-state lasers may also generate squeezed light.

  19. The Application of Modern Dressings to Buruli Ulcers: Results from a Pilot Implementation Project in Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velding, Kristien; Klis, Sandor-Adrian; Abass, K Mohammad; van der Werf, Tjip S; Stienstra, Ymkje

    2016-07-01

    Buruli ulcer (BU) is a tropical, infectious skin disease. The resulting ulcer can take a long time to heal, and a high standard of wound care is essential. Currently, the only dressing used for BU wound care is gauze, and its removal causes pain and bleeding. We performed a pilot implementation project using HydroTac(®) (HARTMANN, Heidenheim, Germany), a modern dressing combining foam with a hydrogel component. For future BU treatment, we recommend to use a more absorbent dressing than the HydroTac dressing used in the current project. However, we show that modern dressings can be applied to BUs and that HydroTac dressings yield clean, healing wounds, and prevent the pain and bleeding associated with gauze dressings. Wound care is a vital but to date neglected aspect of BU management. PMID:27162271

  20. Histological and bacteriological studies of burn wounds treated with boiled potato peel dressings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keswani, M H; Vartak, A M; Patil, A; Davies, J W

    1990-04-01

    Histological and clinical studies have been made on comparable burn wounds covered with either boiled potato peels affixed to gauze bandages or gauze dressings alone; both dressings were applied over a thin layer of 5 per cent silver sulphadiazine. Compared with treatment with plain gauze dressings, the application of the potato peel dressing reduced or eliminated dessication, permitted the survival of superficial skin cells and hastened epithelial regeneration. Bacteriological studies showed that the potato peels had no intrinsic antibacterial activity, the wounds beneath both dressings showing either no growth or, on most occasions, the same bacterial species. The easy availability of potato peels and gauze bandages on to which they can be affixed, the simplicity of the preparation of this dressing, the ease of sterilization and its low cost of production make this the dressing of choice for burn wounds in our developing country. PMID:2350410

  1. Development of part-dissolvable chitosan fibers with surface N-succinylation for wound care dressing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Guohui; Feng, Chao; Kong, Ming; Cheng, Xiaojie; Bing, Jiaojiao; Xia, Guixue; Bao, Zixian; Park, Hyunjin; Chen, Xiguang

    2015-09-01

    To enhance the liquor absorptivity of chitosan fibers (CS-Fs), N-succinyl surface-modified chitosan fibers (NSCS-Fs) were developed and evaluated for wound healing. The NSCS-Fs exhibited cracks on the surface and high liquor absorbing capacity with absorbing-dissolvable equilibrium state in phosphate buffer solution (PBS). The bacteriostasis ratios of NSCS-Fs against E. coli, S. aureus and C. albicans were higher than 80%. No cytotoxicity has been found for mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) treated with NSCS-Fs leach liquor. Acute oral toxicity and skin irritation experiment were taken to evaluate the safety of NSCS-Fs in vitro. Muscle implant study showed that NSCS-Fs were biodegradable and non-toxic in vivo. These results suggested that the surface modified NSCS-Fs had favorable biological properties and improved liquor absorptivity, indicating that they could be used as promising dressing materials for wound care.

  2. Optimization of the dressing parameters in cylindrical grinding based on a generalized utility function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleksandrova, Irina

    2016-01-01

    The existing studies, concerning the dressing process, focus on the major influence of the dressing conditions on the grinding response variables. However, the choice of the dressing conditions is often made, based on the experience of the qualified staff or using data from reference books. The optimal dressing parameters, which are only valid for the particular methods and dressing and grinding conditions, are also used. The paper presents a methodology for optimization of the dressing parameters in cylindrical grinding. The generalized utility function has been chosen as an optimization parameter. It is a complex indicator determining the economic, dynamic and manufacturing characteristics of the grinding process. The developed methodology is implemented for the dressing of aluminium oxide grinding wheels by using experimental diamond roller dressers with different grit sizes made of medium- and high-strength synthetic diamonds type ??32 and ??80. To solve the optimization problem, a model of the generalized utility function is created which reflects the complex impact of dressing parameters. The model is built based on the results from the conducted complex study and modeling of the grinding wheel lifetime, cutting ability, production rate and cutting forces during grinding. They are closely related to the dressing conditions (dressing speed ratio, radial in-feed of the diamond roller dresser and dress-out time), the diamond roller dresser grit size/grinding wheel grit size ratio, the type of synthetic diamonds and the direction of dressing. Some dressing parameters are determined for which the generalized utility function has a maximum and which guarantee an optimum combination of the following: the lifetime and cutting ability of the abrasive wheels, the tangential cutting force magnitude and the production rate of the grinding process. The results obtained prove the possibility of control and optimization of grinding by selecting particular dressing

  3. Nonresonant Photon Dressing in Spin One Quadrupolar Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Yi-Li.

    The main part of this thesis is a study of the effects of nonresonant photon dressing on spin 1 pure quadrupolar system with symmetric EFG. Energy levels of spin 1 nuclei dressed by linearly or circularly polarized photons were theoretically derived and numerically analyzed. In both cases, the degeneracy of m_zeta equals +/-1 states is not lifted, so only one line can be excited and it is shifted up in frequency. The energy levels are found to depend on the angle theta between the principle EFG zeta axis and the dressing field. Since most NQR samples are polycrystalline, a general formula for powder patterns due to photon dressing was derived and numerical examples were plotted for the case of linearly polarized photons, spin 1 and {3over2 }, and circularly polarized photons, spin 1. In all of these cases, NQR lines are broadened, and have a peak located at theta = 90 ^circ. Energy levels of photon dressed protons in zero static field are analyzed for the purpose of discussing ^{14}N^in-echo time. Protons are shown to reorient between +/-{1over2 } states rapidly, so that their local field tends to average out. Powdered crystalline samples Trimethylamine (TMA), Triethylenediamine (TED), and Hexanethylenetetramine (HMT) all with symmetric EFG were experimentally investigated by ^{14}N NQR. For circularly polarized dressing of 25 G peak, no NQR frequency shift was observed; a monotonic line narrowing was observed in TMA and TED, but not HMT; fine structure details of TED and HMT were revealed as a result of the line narrowing, but the cause of the fine structure was not determined. Experimental results are in good agreement with theory. A minor portion of this thesis is to study the effects of annealing and hydrogenation on short-range order in amorphous III-V compounds through NMR linewidth. alpha - GaP, alpha - GaAs, and alpha - GaAs: H grown on single crystal alkali halide substrates by rf-sputtering have been studied. The results were compared with that of

  4. Nonresonant photon dressing in spin one quadrupolar systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis mainly studied the effects of nonresonant photon dressing on spin 1 pure quadrupolar system with symmetric EFG. Energy levels of spin 1 nuclei dressed by linearly or circularly polarized photons were theoretically derived and numerically analyzed. The degeneracy of mΖ equals ±1 states is not lifted, so only one line can be excited and it is shifted up in frequency. The energy levels are dependent on the angle θ between the principle EFG ζ axis and the dressing field. A general formula for powder patterns due to photon dressing was derived and numerical examples were plotted for linearly polarized photons, spin 1 and 3/2, and circularly polarized photons, spin 1. In all cases, NQR lines are broadened and have a peak located at ζ = 90 degrees. Energy levels of photon dressed protons in zero static field are analyzed to discuss 14N spin-echo time. Protons reorient between ±1/2 states rapidly, so that their local field tends to average out. Powdered crystalline samples Trimethylamine (TMA), Triethylene-diamine (TED), and Hexanethylenetetramine (HMT) all with symmetric EFG were experimentally investigated by 14N NQR. For circularly polarized dressing of 25 G peak, no NQR frequency shift was observed; a monotonic line narrowing was observed in TMA and TED, but not HMT; fine structure details of TED and HMT were revealed as a result of the line narrowing, but the cause of the fine structure was not determined. A portion of this thesis studied the effects of annealing and hydrogenation on short-range order in amorphous III-V compounds through NMR linewidth. α-GaP, α-GaAs, and α-GaAs: H grown on single crystal alkali halide substrates by rf-sputtering were studied. The results were compared with previous measurements on α-GaP and α-GaAs grown on different substrates at different temperatures. The study showed sample microstructure is directly influenced by sample preparation conditions

  5. Preliminary Characterization of Genipin-Cross-Linked Silk Sericin/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Films as Two-Dimensional Wound Dressings for the Healing of Superficial Wounds

    OpenAIRE

    Tippawan Siritientong; Juthamas Ratanavaraporn; Teerapol Srichana; Pornanong Aramwit

    2013-01-01

    The genipin-cross-linked silk sericin/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) films were developed aiming to be applied as two-dimensional wound dressings for the treatment of superficial wounds. The effects of genipin cross-linking concentration on the physical and biological properties of the films were investigated. The genipin-cross-linked silk sericin/PVA films showed the increased surface density, tensile strength, and percentage of elongation, but decreased percentage of light transmission, water va...

  6. REVIEW OF DRESSING AND TRUING OPERATIONS FOR GRINDING WHEELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    UJJAWAL MAYANK SRIVASTAVA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Grinding is an operation applied in almost every type of manufacturing process. It aims to produce high surface finish and to maintain close tolerances in the manufactured product. To make the grinding operation more productive and efficient, dressing and truing operations are performed on the grinding wheels. Various techniques are available and are used for the same. Since many permutations and combinations exists among the factors like economics, efficiency, accuracy, complexity, etc. of the dressing process, so continuous efforts are made to develop or adopt a technique that gives the best result while fulfilling the maximum number of factors. This can be accomplished by comparing the present techniques on the same ground. With this aim, the unconventional techniques with in-process configuration were developed that have several advantages over theirconventional counterparts.

  7. Applicability of Parametrized Form of Fully Dressed Quark Propagator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    According to extensive study of the Dyson-Schwinger equations for a fully dressed quark propagator in the "rainbow" approximation with an effective gluon propagator, a parametrized fully dressed confining quark propagator is suggested in this paper. The parametrized quark propagator describes a confined quark propagation in hadron, and is analytic everywhere in complex p2-plane and has no Lehmann representation. The vector and scalar self-energy functions [1 - Af(p2)] and [Bf(p2) - mf], dynamically running effective mass of quark Mf(p2) and the structure of non-local quark vacuum condensates as well as local quark vacuum condensates are predicted by use of the parametrized quark propagator. The results are compatible with other theoretical calculations.

  8. Control of electronic transport in graphene by electromagnetic dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristinsson, K; Kibis, O V; Morina, S; Shelykh, I A

    2016-01-01

    We demonstrated theoretically that the renormalization of the electron energy spectrum near the Dirac point of graphene by a strong high-frequency electromagnetic field (dressing field) drastically depends on polarization of the field. Namely, linear polarization results in an anisotropic gapless energy spectrum, whereas circular polarization leads to an isotropic gapped one. As a consequence, the stationary (dc) electronic transport in graphene strongly depends on parameters of the dressing field: A circularly polarized field monotonically decreases the isotropic conductivity of graphene, whereas a linearly polarized one results in both giant anisotropy of conductivity (which can reach thousands of percents) and the oscillating behavior of the conductivity as a function of the field intensity. Since the predicted phenomena can be observed in a graphene layer irradiated by a monochromatic electromagnetic wave, the elaborated theory opens a substantially new way to control electronic properties of graphene with light. PMID:26838371

  9. How to perform a tracheostomy dressing and inner cannula change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Credland, Nicola

    2016-03-23

    Rationale and key points Proactive tracheostomy management increases patient safety and reduces adverse events. ▶ A cleaning regimen performed every four hours reduces the risk of a blocked tracheostomy cannula, complete tube occlusion and respiratory arrest. ▶ Sterile tracheostomy dressings allow secretions from the stoma to be absorbed and prevent pressure damage from the tracheostomy tube. ▶ Regular dressing changes and skin inspection permit timely identification of inflammatory processes and skin excoriation, enabling prompt treatment to be instigated. Reflective activity Clinical skills articles can help update your practice and ensure it remains evidence based. Apply this article to your practice. Reflect on and write a short account of: 1. How this article will change your practice. 2. How you intend to develop your knowledge and skills regarding tracheostomy management. Subscribers can upload their reflective accounts at: rcni.com/portfolio . PMID:27008151

  10. Quantum Gates and Memory using Microwave Dressed States

    CERN Document Server

    Timoney, N; Johanning, M; Varon, A F; Wunderlich, Ch; Plenio, M B; Retzker, A

    2011-01-01

    Trapped atomic ions have been successfully used for demonstrating basic elements of universal quantum information processing (QIP). Nevertheless, scaling up of these methods and techniques to achieve large scale universal QIP, or more specialized quantum simulations remains challenging. The use of easily controllable and stable microwave sources instead of complex laser systems on the other hand promises to remove obstacles to scalability. Important remaining drawbacks in this approach are the use of magnetic field sensitive states, which shorten coherence times considerably, and the requirement to create large stable magnetic field gradients. Here, we present theoretically a novel approach based on dressing magnetic field sensitive states with microwave fields which addresses both issues and permits fast quantum logic. We experimentally demonstrate basic building blocks of this scheme to show that these dressed states are long-lived and coherence times are increased by more than two orders of magnitude compa...

  11. Observables, gravitational dressing, and obstructions to locality and subsystems

    CERN Document Server

    Donnelly, William

    2016-01-01

    Quantum field theory - our basic framework for describing all non-gravitational physics - conflicts with general relativity: the latter precludes the standard definition of the former's essential principle of locality, in terms of commuting local observables. We examine this conflict more carefully, by investigating implications of gauge (diffeomorphism) invariance for observables in gravity. We prove a dressing theorem, showing that any operator with nonzero Poincare charges, and in particular any compactly-supported operator, in flat-spacetime quantum field theory must be gravitationally dressed once coupled to gravity, i.e. it must depend on the metric at arbitrarily long distances, and we put lower bounds on this nonlocal dependence. This departure from standard locality occurs in the most severe way possible: in perturbation theory about flat spacetime, at leading order in Newton's constant. The physical observables in a gravitational theory therefore do not organize themselves into local commuting subal...

  12. Development of a new antimicrobial material for wound dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Pinho, Eva Patrícia Paiva Santos

    2014-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento em Engenharia Biomédica Nowadays, wound dressings are complex materials that, behind the mechanical protection, are also capable of interacting with the injury tissue. These complex products improve the healing process by maintaining suitable conditions, allowing skin to establish integrity with appropriate cosmetic results. The incidence of chronic wounds related with diseases, population ageing, and tissue infection caused by multi-resistant strains of ba...

  13. Bio-Conjugated Polycaprolactone Membranes: A Novel Wound Dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Cai, Elijah Zhengyang; Teo, Erin Yiling; Jing, Lim; Koh, Yun Pei; Qian, Tan Si; Wen, Feng; Lee, James Wai Kit; Hing, Eileen Chor Hoong; Yap, Yan Lin; Lee, Hanjing; Lee, Chuen Neng; Teoh, Swee-Hin; Lim,Jane; Lim, Thiam Chye

    2014-01-01

    Background The combination of polycaprolactone and hyaluronic acid creates an ideal environment for wound healing. Hyaluronic acid maintains a moist wound environment and accelerates the in-growth of granulation tissue. Polycaprolactone has excellent mechanical strength, limits inflammation and is biocompatible. This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of bio-conjugated polycaprolactone membranes (BPM) as a wound dressing. Methods 16 New Zealand white rabbits were sedated and local anaest...

  14. Religious and Cultural Dress at School: A Comparative Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E de Waal,

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates and compares the different approaches towards the dress code of learners1 in South Africa and the United States of America (US, as the US mainly base litigation concerning school dress code on their freedom of speech/expression clause, while similar South African court cases focus more on religious and cultural freedom. In South Africa, school principals and School Governing Bodies are in dire need of clear guidelines on how to respect and honour the constitutionally entrenched right to all of the different religions and cultures. The crisis of values in education arises from the disparity between the value system espoused by the school and the community, and that expressed in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, which guarantees learners' fundamental rights, including those of freedom of religion, culture, expression and human dignity. On the one hand, the South African Schools Act requires of School Governing Bodies to develop and implement a Code of Conduct for learners, and on the other, that they strictly adhere to the Constitution of the country when drawing up their dress codes. The right of a religious group to practise its religion or of a cultural group to respect and sustain its culture must be consistent with the provisions of the Bill of Rights (which is entrenched in the Constitution and this implies that other rights may not infringe on the right to freedom of religion and culture. In the US, although there is no legislation that protects learners' freedom of religion and culture at schools, their First Amendment guides the way. Their Supreme Court respects the religious values of all citizens provided that they are manifested off public school premises. While we acknowledge the existence of religious and cultural diversity at South African schools, this paper focuses on the tension among and on the existence of different approaches towards the human rights of learners from different

  15. Amniotic membrane as a battlefield dressing for the ocular surface

    OpenAIRE

    Clare, Gerald Arthur

    2013-01-01

    The use of amniotic membrane (AM) as a dressing for ocular surface injuries has attracted the interest of the military ophthalmological community. First applied in the 1930s, the tissue is widely used today, although clinical indications for treatment are incompletely defined. While AM is most commonly stored frozen and thawed before use, dried AM is preferred for logistical reasons. Optimal preservation of the tissue is necessary to preserve its quality. The effect of drying on the physical ...

  16. Symmetry energy parameters in pion-dressed asymmetric nuclear matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have carried out the calculations of these three bulk properties in our model of pion-pair dressed nuclear matter and have compared the results with those obtained from standard models using interactions like the NL3, Quark-Meson Coupling (QMC) and Typel and Wolter (TW). We observe that the results produced by our model compare very well with these models although the degree of complexity of our model is much lower

  17. Dressing up nursing diagnoses: a critical-thinking strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedlak, C A; Ludwick, R

    1996-01-01

    Teaching nursing diagnoses to beginning students who have no clinical experiences challenges educators to use their creative energies in developing strategies that facilitate students' critical-thinking skills. Dressing Up Nursing Diagnoses is a fun and creative classroom teaching strategy you can use during the Halloween season to help beginning students formulate nursing diagnoses. Two nurse educators describe their successful experiences with this unique teaching strategy. PMID:8718155

  18. Through the Sakarya example, variation occurred in the bride dress

    OpenAIRE

    Uğurlu, Serdar; Koca, Selçuk Kürşad

    2011-01-01

    Culture is born and shaped by necessity. Cultural elements which are transmitted orally from generation to generation have a changing structure within their own internal dynamism. In this change, living conditions, as well as the effect of technology and mass media are also available. One of the inevitable areas of variation is clothing, finery and dressing. This is a natural process and in this process, the effect of fashion is intense. Differentiation of needs has brought variation in cloth...

  19. Evaluation of boiled potato peel as a wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dattatreya, R M; Nuijen, S; van Swaaij, A C; Klopper, P J

    1991-08-01

    In a series of experiments full thickness skin defects in 68 rats were covered with dressings made of boiled potato peels according to the method developed in Bombay. The wounds closed within 14 days and histologically complete repair of epidermis was found. The cork layer of the potato peel prevents dehydration of the wound and protects against exogenous agents. Experiments with homogenates revealed that a complete structure of the peel is necessary. Steroidal glycosides may have contributed to the favourable results. PMID:1930669

  20. Dynamics of atom trapping in an rf-dressed potential

    CERN Document Server

    Chakraborty, A; Ram, S P; Tiwari, S K; Rawat, H S

    2016-01-01

    The dynamics of atom trapping in a radio-frequency-dressed-state potential formed by static and radio frequency (rf) fields has been studied using the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) technique. Using the simulations, a case of formation of a toroidal trap for cold $^{87}Rb$ atoms is investigated for atoms trapped in a static quadrupole magnetic trap and exposed to an rf-field with temporally increasing amplitude and decreasing frequency. We first calculate the adiabatic rf-dressed potential for an atom interacting with these fields and then apply DSMC algorithm to simulate the motion of the atom in this time dependent adiabatic potential. In the simulations the Landau-Zener (LZ) transition probability is calculated to know if the atom is in the trappable or untrappable dressed state. The results show that, initially at lower rf-field strength, the rf-field ejects atoms from the trap and leads to evaporative cooling of the atom cloud. However at higher rf-field strength, the atoms make LZ transition to th...

  1. Preparation of collagen-based materials for wound dressing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴志谷; 盛志勇; 孙同柱; 耿淼; 黎君友; 姚咏明; 黄祖琇

    2003-01-01

    Objective To describe the methods which were used to develop collagen-based materials for wound dressing.Methods Fresh frozen bovine tendon was treated with 0.05 mol/L acetic acid at pH 3.2 for 48-72 hours, homogenized, filtered, mixed with 8% chondroitin sulphate, for creating a deaerated 1.5%-2.5% collagen solution. The solution was lyophilized in either a pre-frozen or non-pre-frozen mould. The collagen sponge was then cross-linked with 0.25% glutaraldehyde for 24 hours. Three other types of wound dressings were developed using a similar method: collagen membrane with a polyurethane membrane onlay, polyurethane-coated collagen membrane and collagen membrane on gauze.Results It was demonstrated that the use of frozen bovine tendon was stable, and that the prepared collagen sponge contained pores of 50-400 μm in diameter. Conclusions Collagen could be used as wound dressing.

  2. Theory and practice of dressed coherent states in circuit QED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, Frank; Govia, Luke C. G.

    In the dispersive regime of qubit-cavity coupling, classical cavity drive populates the cavity, but leaves the qubit state unaffected. However, the dispersive Hamiltonian is derived after both a frame transformation and an approximation. Therefore, to connect to external experimental devices, the inverse frame transformation from the dispersive frame back to the lab frame is necessary. We show that in the lab frame the system is best described by an entangled state known as the dressed coherent state, and thus even in the dispersive regime, entanglement is generated between the qubit and the cavity. Also, we show that further qubit evolution depends on both the amplitude and phase of the dressed coherent state. This provides a limitation to readout in the dispersive regime. We show that only in the limit of infinite measurement time is this protocol QND, as the formation of a dressed coherent state in the qubit-cavity system applies an effective rotation to the qubit state. We show how this rotation can be corrected by a unitary operation, leading to improved qubit initialization by measurement and unitary feedback.] L.C.G. Govia and F.K. Wllhelm Phys. Rev. Applied 4, 054001 (2015) LC.G. Govia and F.K. Wilhelm, arXiv:1506.04997 Supported by the ARO under contract W911NF-14-1-0080 and the European Union through ScaleQIT. LCGG acknowledges support from NSERC through an NSERC PGS-D.

  3. Randomized controlled trial of the absorbency of four dressings and their effects on the evaporation of burn wounds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jiong; HAN Chun-mao; SU Guo-liang; TANG Zhi-jian; SU Shi-jie; LIN Xiao-wei

    2007-01-01

    Background Wound dressings are divided into traditional and new types. The new dressings are thought to accelerate wound healing. The purpose of this study was to supplement the scanty data on the absorbency of the new dressings and their effects on evaporation from the burn surface.Methods The water absorption rate of four dressings (carbon fiber dressing, hydrogel dressing, silver nanoparticle dressing, and vaseline gauze) were measured by the immersion-weight gain method. A total of 120 inpatients with 10%superficial partial-thickness burn wounds were randomly assigned to four groups, each with 30 participants. Carbon fiber dressing, hydrogel dressing, and silver nanoparticle dressing were used in groups A, B, and C as the primary dressing,and traditional vaseline gauze was used in group D as the control. Multi-spot evaporation from normal skin and naked wound, and from wounds covered with each of the four dressings was measured post-burn on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 by an EP-I evaporimeter under conditions of 21 ℃ -22 ℃ ambient temperature and 74%-78% humidity.Results The absorption rates of the four dressings were 988% with carbon fiber dressing, 96% with silver nanoparticle,41% with vaseline gauze, and 6% with hydrogel. Evaporation from the naked burn wounds was about 1/3 higher than from normal skin (P<0.01). Compared with wounds without applied dressing, evaporation from dressed wounds decreased and was time-dependent (P<0.01). The evaporation of wounds with carbon fiber dressing was the lowest ((13.40±2.82)ml·h-1·m-2,P<0.01) on day 1 post-burn,compared with the other groups.Conclusion All four dressings have water retention capacity while carbon fiber dressing has the highest absorption rate and shows the best containment and evaporation from the burn wound.

  4. Relationship between dressing and motor function in stroke patients: a study with partial correlation analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Takaaki; Sato, Atsushi; Yamamoto, Yuichi; Yamane, Kazuhiro; Otsuki, Koji; Tsuchiya, Kenji; Tozato, Fusae

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of the present study was to elucidate which motor functions are most or more important for dressing performance before and after rehabilitation. [Subjects] Seventy-nine first episode stroke patients in a hospital convalescent rehabilitation ward. [Methods] The relationships between motor function of the affected upper and lower limbs, unaffected side function, trunk function, balance, cognitive function, and independence level in dressing were examined at admission and discharge using partial correlation analysis. [Results] Independence level of dressing correlated with motor function of the affected upper limb and balance at admission, but correlated only with balance at discharge. [Conclusion] Balance function was strongly associated with level of dressing independence. The effect of gross motor function of the affected upper and lower limbs on the level of independence in dressing may thus be smaller than originally expected. Enhanced balance ability can be important for learning single-handed actions of self-dressing during rehabilitation. PMID:26834349

  5. Relationship between dressing and motor function in stroke patients: a study with partial correlation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Takaaki; Sato, Atsushi; Yamamoto, Yuichi; Yamane, Kazuhiro; Otsuki, Koji; Tsuchiya, Kenji; Tozato, Fusae

    2015-12-01

    [Purpose] The aim of the present study was to elucidate which motor functions are most or more important for dressing performance before and after rehabilitation. [Subjects] Seventy-nine first episode stroke patients in a hospital convalescent rehabilitation ward. [Methods] The relationships between motor function of the affected upper and lower limbs, unaffected side function, trunk function, balance, cognitive function, and independence level in dressing were examined at admission and discharge using partial correlation analysis. [Results] Independence level of dressing correlated with motor function of the affected upper limb and balance at admission, but correlated only with balance at discharge. [Conclusion] Balance function was strongly associated with level of dressing independence. The effect of gross motor function of the affected upper and lower limbs on the level of independence in dressing may thus be smaller than originally expected. Enhanced balance ability can be important for learning single-handed actions of self-dressing during rehabilitation. PMID:26834349

  6. DRESSING PERCENTAGE OF FOUR CROATIAN COMMON CARP (CYPRINUS CARPIO L. POPULATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Safner

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The morphometric traits were determined on the sample of 459 marketable size common carp from the four Croatian fish farms. There traits were analyzed by the classical methods in order to determine the influence of population, scaliness, age and sex on the dressing percentage. The obtained results show the existence of different phenotypes of common carps at Croatian farms, primarily, morphometric differences. However, the sygnificant diferences of dressing percentage among the populations were not registered (p>0.05. The significant difference between the dressing percentages of scaled and mirror carps was not detected (p>0.05, what leads to the conclusion that the scaliness does not influence dressing percentage significantly. The age and sex also, dit not show significant influence on dressing percentage. As the carps were sampled in winter the differences in dressing percentage caused by the different maturation of males and females were excluded.

  7. Preparation and characterization of novel wound dressing based on silver nanoparticle-impregnated bacterial cellulose and bacterial cellulose-aloe vera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ideal wound dressings stimulate wound healing, control unpleasant odors, and provide antimicrobial action in wounds. However, most traditional wound dressings such as gauze and biological dressings exhibit exudate leaking which increases the risk of infection and delayed wound healing of tissues. This study aims to develop and characterize a bio-composite of bacterial cellulose and aloe vera having the ideal features of a wound dressing from Acetobacter xylinum-activated culture medium supplemented with various aloe vera concentrations from )-50% (v/v) and the film which exhibits the most uniform results is used for the incorporation of silver nanoparticle as an antibacterial agent. The biopolymer composites of bacterial cellulose and aloe vera were developed by adding 0-50% aloe vera (v/v) in the A. xylinum-activated coconut water medium during biosynthesis in static cultivation for 10 days. The films obtained after drying the membranes were named as bacterial cellulose-aloe vera (BC-A) films. The moisture content of films reached 99% which indicates that the films may be suitable for providing a moist environment to facilitate wound healing fast. With the addition of aloe vera up to 30% (v/v) during BC synthesis, it resulted in a significant improvement in the water absorption capacity of the films showing a WAC ration of 36.46 (r.s.d.= 12.17%, n=3) compared to the unmodified film having a ratio of 9.03 (r.s.d.= 13.95%, n=3). However, the addition of aloe vera at a concentration greater than 30% (v/v) resulted in a decrease in pellicle formation which can be observed from the very weak properties of the films. The BC-A (30%) displayed significantly improved in comparison to the unmodified BC film. Also, it is capable of absorbing high amount of water than its weight and can act as a potential wound dressing which reduces irritation and inflammation. (author)

  8. THE ROLE OF PAPAYA DRESSINGS IN THE MAN AGEMENT OF DIABETIC FOOT ULCERS: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Bapurapu; Madipeddi; Boda; Dodda Ramesh; Sridhar Reddy; Karthik; Shankaraiah

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES : To determine the role of grated papaya fruit dressings in the management of diabetic foot ulcers. STUDY DESIGN: In our study, all the patients with diabetic foot ulcers (n=94) were included. The initial management was control of hyperglycemia, surgical debridement, ant ibiotics and then wound care with the help of grated papaya dressings. In this study, dressings were changed every 24 hours. The wound was considered healthy, when it wa...

  9. Processing parameter optimization for the laser dressing of bronze-bonded diamond wheels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, H.; Chen, G. Y.; Zhou, C.; Li, S. C.; Zhang, M. J.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a pulsed fiber-laser dressing method for bronze-bonded diamond wheels was studied systematically and comprehensively. The mechanisms for the laser dressing of bronze-bonded diamond wheels were theoretically analyzed, and the key processing parameters that determine the results of laser dressing, including the laser power density, pulse overlap ratio, ablation track line overlap ratio, and number of scanning cycles, were proposed for the first time. Further, the effects of these four key parameters on the oxidation-damaged layer of the material surface, the material removal efficiency, the material surface roughness, and the average protrusion height of the diamond grains were explored and summarized through pulsed laser ablation experiments. Under the current experimental conditions, the ideal values of the laser power density, pulse overlap ratio, ablation track line overlap ratio, and number of scanning cycles were determined to be 4.2 × 107 W/cm2, 30%, 30%, and 16, respectively. Pulsed laser dressing experiments were conducted on bronze-bonded diamond wheels using the optimized processing parameters; next, both the normal and tangential grinding forces produced by the dressed grinding wheel were measured while grinding alumina ceramic materials. The results revealed that the normal and tangential grinding forces produced by the laser-dressed grinding wheel during grinding were smaller than those of grinding wheels dressed using the conventional mechanical method, indicating that the pulsed laser dressing technology provides irreplaceable advantages relative to the conventional mechanical dressing method.

  10. Modified wound dressing with phyto-nanostructured coating to prevent staphylococcal and pseudomonal biofilm development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anghel, Ion; Holban, Alina Maria; Grumezescu, Alexandru Mihai; Andronescu, Ecaterina; Ficai, Anton; Anghel, Alina Georgiana; Maganu, Maria; Lazǎr, Veronica; Chifiriuc, Mariana Carmen

    2012-12-01

    This paper reports a newly fabricated nanophyto-modified wound dressing with microbicidal and anti-adherence properties. Nanofluid-based magnetite doped with eugenol or limonene was used to fabricate modified wound dressings. Nanostructure coated materials were characterized by TEM, XRD, and FT-IR. For the quantitative measurement of biofilm-embedded microbial cells, a culture-based method for viable cell count was used. The optimized textile dressing samples proved to be more resistant to staphylococcal and pseudomonal colonization and biofilm formation compared to the uncoated controls. The functionalized surfaces for wound dressing seems to be a very useful tool for the prevention of wound microbial contamination on viable tissues.

  11. Do silver-based wound dressings reduce pain? A prospective study and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abboud, Elia Charbel; Legare, Timothy B; Settle, Judson C; Boubekri, Amir M; Barillo, Dave J; Marcet, Jorge E; Sanchez, Jaime E

    2014-12-01

    Silver-containing dressings are a mainstay in the management of burn injury and acute and chronic wounds. In addition to antimicrobial activity, there is anecdotal evidence that silver dressings may modulate or reduce wound pain. Pain is subjective and difficult to quantify, and most studies of silver-containing dressings evaluate pain as a secondary rather than a primary outcome. Nevertheless, a dressing with a proven ability to reduce pain independent of systemic analgesics would have great utility. In this study, we compared patient-reported pain levels in patients previously randomized to receiving silver-nylon dressings vs. conventional gauze dressings in a study of surgical site infection. Compared to gauze dressings, patients in the silver dressing group reported less pain between postoperative days 0 and 9 (peffect of silver on pain. Silver-based dressings may reduce wound pain by providing an occlusive barrier or by other as-yet undefined mechanisms. The role of silver in pain relief, however, cannot be definitively stated until well-designed prospective randomized studies evaluating pain as a primary endpoint are carried out. PMID:25418437

  12. Theory of dressed-state lasers. III. Pump-depletion effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakrzewski, J. (Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)); Lewenstein, M. (Institute for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)); Mossberg, T.W. (Department of Physics, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (United States))

    1991-12-01

    We present further developments in the theory of dressed-state lasers, i.e., lasers that operate on inverted transitions between the dressed states of a coupled atom-field system. We take into account the quantum character of the driving field, and consider the effect of its depletion. We derive effective Hamiltonians appropriate for the analysis of both one- and two-photon dressed-state lasers, and then discuss the stability and statistics of such lasers. We show that pump-depletion effects tend to reduce the degree of squeezing found in dressed-state-laser output while simultaneously introducing small squeezing effects into the depleted pump field.

  13. EFFICACY OF VACUUM ASSISTED CLOSURE DRESSINGS WHEN COMPARED TO MOIST WOUND DRESSINGS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETIC FOOT ULCERS : A PROSPECTIVE COMPARATIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ballapalli Hari

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: F oot ulceration is mainly responsible for the morbidity of diabetes mellitus. They deprive the patient of quality working days and add to his financial burden. Several novel methods of wound healing came to vogue among which vacuum assisted dressing is becoming quite popular. Present study aim s to evaluate its efficacy when compared to regular moist wound dressings. OBJECTIVES: To study the effectiveness of vacuum assisted dressings in terms of Rate of wound healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we carried out a prospective study at Narayana medical college hospital on two groups (group A and group B of diabetic foot ulcer patients, whom we selected randomly after considering inclusion and exclusion criteria . Vacuum assisted dressings were done in group A patients and normal moist wound dressings in group B. At the start of the treatment and every week thereafter, size and depth of ulcers were recorded and results were compared at complete wound healing or at the end of 12 weeks of treatment whichever is earlier. S trict glycaemic control was maintaine d throughout the treatment period. RESULTS : significant healing was noticed in group A patients (vacuum assisted dressings group both in terms of ulcer size and depth. Wounds appeared more - healthy i.e. with less slough and more red granulation tissue in g roup A patients. CONCLUSION: vacuum assisted dressing is an efficacious method in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers with significantly reduced hospital stay

  14. Interactions of Three Dual-Dressing Effects of Four-Wave Mixing in a Five-Level Atomic System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Pei-Zhe; NIE Zhi-Qiang; ZHANG Yan-Peng; JIANG-Tong; DU Yi-Gang; GAN Chen-Li; SONG Jian-Ping; LU Ke-Qing

    2007-01-01

    We study the four-wave mixing(FWM)in an opening five-level system with two dressing fields.There are threekinds of doubly dressing mechanisms(parallel cascade,sequential cascade,and nested cascade)in the system for doubly dressed four-wave mixing.These mechanisms reflect different correlations between two dressing fields and different effects of two dressing fields to the FWM.Investigation of these mechanisms is helpful to understand the generated high-order nonlinear optical signal dressed by multi-fields.

  15. The Beauty of Dress%服饰之美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱志荣

    2012-01-01

    Dress as an objectification of aesthetic consciousness is an important feature of human civilization. It embodies an aesthetic desire and reflects the trends and tendencies of a given age, therefore producing the positive effect of guiding socie- ty. From the point of view of its origin, dress is a personal adornment with a pragmatic purpose, combining practical use with aesthetic appreciation. The aesthetic function of dress is seen mainly in design, outfit and accessory adornment. As a plastic art, dress design stresses bionics, dynamism, originality, harmony, fashionableness, nationality and the like. Dress shows not only the tastes and preferences of the designer, but also the aesthetic judgment of the wearer. A perfect outfit calls for a harmony between the component pieces and its appearance and color reflect the personality of the wearer. Therefore, care must be taken to foster strengths and circumvent weaknesses, to heed the overall effect and to take into account both the natural and thee human environment. Beauty of the accessory adornments requires that the adornments be in harmony with the body and the mental state and depends to a large extent on the whole dress.%服饰作为审美意识的物态化形式,是人类文明的重要表征,其中蕴含着人们的审美需求和时代风尚,对社会起着积极的导向作用。从服饰的起源来看,服饰是建立在实用基础上的一种装饰,体现为实用与审美的统一。服饰审美功能主要体现在服装设计、着装和配饰辅助等方面。服装设计作为一门造型艺术,讲究仿生性、动态感、创意性、协调性、时尚性和民族性等特点。服饰不仅有设计者的趣味和偏好,同样显示了着装者的审美趣味。着装讲究穿戴的搭配,其造型与色彩要体现着装者的个性气质,要扬长避短,要有整体性视野,同时兼顾自然环境与人文环境等。配饰辅助美体现为配饰要与身体和心境

  16. Silk fibroin based antibacterial bionanotextiles as wound dressing materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Çalamak, Semih [Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, 06100 Ankara (Turkey); Hacettepe University, Department of Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Erdoğdu, Ceren; Özalp, Meral [Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, 06100 Ankara (Turkey); Ulubayram, Kezban, E-mail: ukezban@hacettepe.edu.tr [Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, 06100 Ankara (Turkey); Hacettepe University, Department of Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)

    2014-10-01

    New applications for medical biotextiles have been identified with the development of nanotechnological manufacturing technologies. Combination of nanotechnology and biotextile technology has resulted into a new field called bionanotextiles. Bionanotextiles are used in many areas which include wound dressings, bandages and tissue scaffolds. Silk fibroin (SF) from the cocoon of Bombyx mori, is one of the most favorable wound dressing materials due to its unique properties including biocompatibility, permeability, biodegradability, morphologic flexibility, and proper mechanical properties. The modification of antimicrobial properties of SFs can provide a barrier for bacterial penetration as wound dressing materials. In the present study, antibacterial polyethylenimine (PEI) (10, 20 and 30% (w/w)) was blended with SF and bionanotextiles were successfully fabricated by electrospinning. In addition, silk fibroin nanofibers were also functionalized with sulphate group in order to test whether they exhibit an antibacterial activity or not. Fibroin based bionanotextiles were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The cytotoxicity evaluations were carried out by L929 fibroblasts with MTT assay. The indirect cytotoxicity results demonstrate that all fibroin and PEI/fibroin extracts have no cytotoxicity on L929 cancer cell line. PEI/fibroin bionanotextiles showed strong antibacterial activities against gram positive Staphylococcus aureus and gram negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. - Highlights: • Bionanotextiles are combination of nanotechnology and biotextile technology. • Bionanotextiles have good antibacterial activity against both of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa. • Antibacterial bionanotextiles are applicable to most of the infected wounds. • No cytotoxicity was observed on L929 cell line.

  17. Healing wounds - radiation processing technology for hydrogel dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uses of hydrogels are known and have several applications in medical field. Drug delivery devices, contact lenses, wound dressing, artificial cartilage's or membranes, vascular prosthesis, gel coated catheters etc., are some of the examples. Due to direct relevance to human health, scientists have been continuously exploring these systems. Generally, hydro (water) gels contain 30-90% of water entrapped in a three dimensional network structure of a hydrophilic polymer. The large water content makes them highly bio-compatible and therefore preferred for use as biomaterials. Some of the hydrophilic polymers used in these applications include poly (vinyl pyrrolidone), poly (ethylene oxide), poly (vinyl alcohol) and poly (acrylic acid ). Depending upon the nature of application, the size of these hydrogel can vary from nanometers (nanogels, injectable hydrogels) to centimeters to meters (wound dressing, fire blankets, drug delivery devices and implants). BARC hydrogel dressings have been so far used for treating burns, leprosy ulcers, animal bites, diabetic foot ulcers, herpes, fresh scars, bullet injuries, boils, pimples, sun burns, abrasion, surgical wounds of breast cancer, as bolus for radiation therapy in cancer etc. The use of gels have shown excellent result in diabetic ulcers which definitely provides an alternate to expensive biotech products and relief to expanding population of diabetics in India. Its application and some of the examples are shown in the paper. Other hydrogel based products which are under development in the authors laboratory are radiation processed silver nano-particle hydrogels to treat infected wounds and fire blankets for whole body coverage for protection from fire for defense personnel and fire service people

  18. The design, characteristics, and application of polyurethane dressings using the electrospinning process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampeerapappun, Piyaporn

    In general, a dressing is used to protect and help heal wounds. There are several types of dressings on the market such as hydrocolloid, hydrogel, and medicated dressings. One technique for making a dressing is electrospinning, which is a very simple procedure used to produce fibers. Due to much smaller fiber-diameters than produced with the conventional technique, the fibers from electrospinning have unique properties: high porosity and high surface areas, which are advantageous for wound healing. In this research, the fibers were electrospun using polyurethane, TecophilicRTM or TecoflexRTM, with various additives. First, multilayer transdermal electrospun dressings, four and five-layers, were developed that allowed for the controlled release of nitric oxide (NO) from a NO2 -/ascorbic acid system encapsulated in polymer nanofibers. The amount of NO released from each wound dressing was investigated. Both the four and five-layer dressings were tested for morphology of fibers, water absorption, nitrite distribution, NO release profile after sterilization by gamma radiation, and stability. In the case of the four-layer transdermal dressing, the dressing was tested in diabetic, periodontal, and cutaneous leishmaniasis patients. Furthermore, the color change of dressing was investigated. TecophilicRTM was also spun with an antimicrobial agent, which was added to the TecophilicRTM solution to electrospin an antimicrobial dressing. The morphology of fibers was tested using an optical microscope and the water absorption, uniformity, and percent extraction of dressing were also determined. In addition, the efficiency of the antimicrobial agent in the dressing was determined according to SN 195920-1994 and ASTM 2149-01. Another NO-releasing dressing was developed employing the NO donor molecules, sodium salt of linear polyethylenimine NONOates (LPEINO-Na) and calcium salt of linear polyethylenimine NONOates (LPEINO-Ca), which were electrospun with TecophilicRTM. The NO

  19. Physicochemical properties of radiation-sterilized honey alginate wound dressing for exudating wounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Honey is a well-known natural cure in promoting healing of wounds. Alginate, on the other hand, is a polysaccharide with pharmaceutical applications such as wound dressing and control release drugs. Calcium-alginate wound dressings have a gel-forming capability. in that, upon ion exchange between calcium ions in the dressing, and sodium ions in wound fluid, the dressing transforms into a gel. Cross-linked alginate gels can absorb would fluid, and also maintain a moist environment to the wound area. Combined with anti-microbial properties of honey and absorption and gelling properties of alginate, a honey alginate wound dressing is developed and irradiated for sterility. Its physicochemical properties are then analyzed. The honey-alginate wound dressing has lower pH (4.40±0.02) than alginate alone dressings (5.40±0.04) which is more favorable for wound healing. The dressing also has low moisture content (10.25±1.11%). Analysis of moisture vapour transmission rate shows a general increase with time for 48 hours. The wound dressing also has an absorbency of 19.00±1.80 g/100 cm2 with a gel fraction of 18.44±0.63%. The rate of absorption analysis, meanwhile, shows a very rapid absorption rate upon exposure to wound fluid. After some time, a decrease in rate is observed which is accounted to the release of honey to the wound environment. For tensile strength, irradiation causes an effect in tensile strength in machine direction but is insignificant for cross machine direction. Physicochemical properties of the radiation-sterilized honey alginate wound dressing e.g. acidic pH, absorbency, moisture vapor permeability and absorption rate ascertain its characteristic as a good wound dressing for exudating wounds. Its low moisture content, meanwhile, allows for longer shelf-life of the developed product. (author)

  20. pH-sensitive textile materials as innovative wound dressings

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Schueren, Lien; De Clerck, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Halochromic (or pH-sensitive) textile materials can give an indication of the pH of the surrounding environment by a visible colour change and can therefore act as first signal systems. A possible application of this textile pH-sensor can be found in wound dressings. In addition to the use of traditional textile materials such as cotton gauze, nanofibrous nonwovens may provide benefits in medical applications. This paper discusses the development of pH-sensitive cotton fabrics by the combinat...

  1. An(1) Toda solitons and the dressing symmetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present an elementary derivation of the soliton-like solutions in the An(1) Toda models which is alternative to the previously used Hirota method. The solutions of the underlying linear problem corresponding to the N-solitons are calculated. This enables us to obtain explicit expression for the element which by dressing group action, produces a generic soliton solution. In the particular example of mono solitons we suggest a relation to vertex operator formalism, previously used by olive, Turok and Underwood. Our results can also be considered as generalization of the approach to the sine-Gordon solitons, proposed by Babelon and Bernard. (author)

  2. The Efficacy of Gelam Honey Dressing towards Excisional Wound Healing

    OpenAIRE

    Mui Koon Tan; Durriyyah Sharifah Hasan Adli; Mohd Amzari Tumiran; Mahmood Ameen Abdulla; Kamaruddin Mohd Yusoff

    2012-01-01

    Honey is one of the oldest substances used in wound management. Efficacy of Gelam honey in wound healing was evaluated in this paper. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups of 24 rats each (untreated group, saline group, Intrasite Gel group, and Gelam honey group) with 2 cm by 2 cm full thickness, excisional wound created on neck area. Wounds were dressed topically according to groups. Rats were sacrificed on days 1, 5, 10, and 15 of treatments. Wounds were then processed ...

  3. Observation of dressed intra-cavity dark states

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yanhua; Zhang, Jiepeng; Zhu, Yifu

    2011-01-01

    Cavity electromagnetically induced transparency in a coherently prepared cavity-atom system is manifested as a narrow transmission peak of a weak probe laser coupled into the cavity mode. We show that with a resonant pump laser coupling the cavity-confined four-level atoms from free space, the narrow transmission peak of the cavity EIT is split into two peaks. The two peaks represent the dressed intra-cavity dark states and have a frequency separation approximately equal to the Rabi frequency...

  4. RF-dressed Rydberg atoms in hollow-core fibres

    CERN Document Server

    Veit, Christian; Kübler, Harald; Euser, Tijmen G; Russell, Philip St J; Löw, Robert

    2016-01-01

    The giant electro-optical response of Rydberg atoms manifests itself in the emergence of sidebands in the Rydberg excitation spectrum if the atom is exposed to a radio-frequency (RF) electric field. Here we report on the study of RF-dressed Rydberg atoms inside hollow-core photonic crystal fibres (HC-PCF), a system that enables the use of low modulation voltages and offers the prospect of miniaturised vapour-based electro-optical devices. Narrow spectroscopic features caused by the RF field are observed for modulation frequencies up to 500 MHz.

  5. Praktek Window Dressing pada Reksa Dana Saham di Indonesia Selama Periode 2001-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Kapugu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available During maintaining their assets, there is an indication those days surrounding every reporting date, which is the date at each year end; fund manager behaves differently from any other dates. Some researchers and analysts conclude this behavior as what-so-called window dressing, which is a practice to present the report in favor of the investors’ expectation. This study is intended to examine the existence of such behavior in Indonesia. Some of the signals that aid in proving the existence of window dressing are the turn-of-year factor, lagged returns, and fund’s objectives. The result of this study exhibits indications of turn-of-year factor and lagged return inclined to window dressing. This study fails to verify the indications of fund’s objective inclined to window dressing because of the changing objectives during the portfolio management. Abstract in Bahasa Indoensia: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketidakwajaran yang terjadi di sekitar tanggal pelaporan dibandingkan dengan periode lainnya atau yang disebut praktek window dressing yang terjadi di Indonesia. Melalui penelitian ini investor lebih mengetahui dampak-dampak penempatan dananya, khususnya pada instrumen investasi reksa dana. Beberapa peneliti menyimpulkan ada praktek window dressing untuk membuat laporan keuangan tampak menjanjikan bagi investor. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh tanda bahwa terdapat praktek window dressing di sekitar tanggal pelaporan berdasarkan residual aktual dan pengaruh lagged return Kata kunci: window dressing, lagged return, reksa dana

  6. The multifunctional wound dressing with core-shell structured fibers prepared by coaxial electrospinning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qilin; Xu, Feiyang; Xu, Xingjian; Geng, Xue; Ye, Lin; Zhang, Aiying; Feng, Zengguo

    2016-04-01

    The non-woven wound dressing with core-shell structured fibers was prepared by coaxial electrospinning. The polycaprolactone (PCL) was electrospun as the fiber's core to provide mechanical strength whereas collagen was fabricated into the shell in order to utilize its good biocompatibility. Simultaneously, the silver nanoparticles (Ag- NPs) as anti-bacterial agent were loaded in the shell whereas the vitamin A palmitate (VA) as healing-promoting drug was encapsulated in the core. Resulting from the fiber's core-shell structure, the VA released from the core and Ag-NPs present in the shell can endow the dressing both heal-promoting and anti-bacteria ability simultaneously, which can greatly enhance the dressing's clinical therapeutic effect. The dressing can maintain high swelling ratio of 190% for 3 d indicating its potential application as wet dressing. Furthermore, the dressing's anti-bacteria ability against Staphylococcus aureus was proved by in vitro anti-bacteria test. The in vitro drug release test showed the sustainable release of VA within 72 h, while the cell attachment showed L929 cells can well attach on the dressing indicating its good biocompatibility. In conclusion, the fabricated nanofibrous dressing possesses multiple functions to benefit wound healing and shows promising potential for clinical application.

  7. The multifunctional wound dressing with core-shell structured fibers prepared by coaxial electrospinning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qilin; Xu, Feiyang; Xu, Xingjian; Geng, Xue; Ye, Lin; Zhang, Aiying; Feng, Zengguo

    2016-06-01

    The non-woven wound dressing with core-shell structured fibers was prepared by coaxial electrospinning. The polycaprolactone (PCL) was electrospun as the fiber's core to provide mechanical strength whereas collagen was fabricated into the shell in order to utilize its good biocompatibility. Simultaneously, the silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) as anti-bacterial agent were loaded in the shell whereas the vitamin A palmitate (VA) as healing-promoting drug was encapsulated in the core. Resulting from the fiber's core-shell structure, the VA released from the core and Ag-NPs present in the shell can endow the dressing both heal-promoting and anti-bacteria ability simultaneously, which can greatly enhance the dressing's clinical therapeutic effect. The dressing can maintain high swelling ratio of 190% for 3 d indicating its potential application as wet dressing. Furthermore, the dressing's anti-bacteria ability against Staphylococcus aureus was proved by in vitro anti-bacteria test. The in vitro drug release test showed the sustainable release of VA within 72 h, while the cell attachment showed L929 cells can well attach on the dressing indicating its good biocompatibility. In conclusion, the fabricated nanofibrous dressing possesses multiple functions to benefit wound healing and shows promising potential for clinical application.

  8. Violence and Other Antisocial Behaviors in Public Schools: Can Dress Codes Help Solve the Problem?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holloman, Lillian O.

    1995-01-01

    Gang violence, thefts, and costs are among the reasons schools are adopting dress codes or uniforms. Evidence of their effect on behavior is largely anecdotal; empirical research is needed. Home economics professionals can work with parents to set dress policies, get student input, incorporate the teaching of values about clothing, build student…

  9. Dressing of diamond grinding wheels by abrasive water jet for freeform optical surface grinding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Yao, Peng; Li, Chengwu; Huang, Chuanzhen; Wang, Jun; Zhu, Hongtao; Liu, Zengwen

    2014-08-01

    During the ultra-precision grinding of a large aperture mirror made of RB-SiC, the grinding wheel becomes dull rapidly, which will lead to an increase of grinding force and a decrease of grinding ratio. In this paper, diamond grinding sticks were dressed with micro SiC abrasive water jet and water jet. Through single factorial experiments, the influence of jet pressure on the dressing performance was investigated. To analyze and evaluate the effect of dressing quantitatively, the 3D roughness and the wheel topography were measured and compared with laser scanning confocal microscope before and after dressing. The experimental results show that the abrasive grains are well protruded from binder and the distribution of the abrasive grains becomes uniform after dressing by abrasive water jet when the dressing parameters are properly selected. The dressing performance of abrasive water jet is much better than water jet. For dressing ultra-fine grit size wheels, the abrasive size of the jet should be smaller than the wheel grit size to achieve a better result. The jet pressure is an obvious influence factor of the surface topography.

  10. Politicas de uniformes y codigos de vestuario (Uniforms and Dress-Code Policies). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest in Spanish examines schools' dress-code policies and discusses the legal considerations and research findings about the effects of such changes. Most revisions to dress codes involve the use of uniforms, typically as a way to curb school violence and create a positive learning environment. A recent survey of secondary school principals…

  11. 21 CFR 520.2380a - Thiabendazole top dressing and mineral protein block.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Thiabendazole top dressing and mineral protein... § 520.2380a Thiabendazole top dressing and mineral protein block. (a) Chemical name. 2-(4-Thiazolyl... protein block feeding for 3 days. Milk taken from animals during treatment and within 96 hours (8...

  12. Chemical Potential Dependence of the Dressed-Quark Propagator from an Effective Quark-Quark Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZONG Hong-Shi; PING Jia-Lun; SUN Wei-Min; CHANG Chao-Hsi; WANG Fan

    2002-01-01

    We exhibit a method for obtaining the low chemical potential dependence of the dressed quark propagatorfrom an effective quark-quark interaction model. Within this approach we explore the chemical potential dependenceof the dressed-quark propagator, which provides a means of determining the behavior of the chiral and deconfinementorder parameters. A comparison with the results of previous researches is given.

  13. Laser dressing process of porous cast-iron bonded diamond grinding wheels for machining ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dressing using Yttrium Aluminum Garnet-Second Harmonic Generation (YAG-SHG) laser for porous cast-iron bonded diamond grinding wheels is a unique method. Diamond as an abrasive grain shows transparency with the laser, while cast-iron employed as a bonding and bridging material for the present diamond grinding wheels absorbs it. Hence, it is possible for laser to remove cast-iron selectively with a minimal damage on diamond so that dressing can be optimized. In this investigation a newly proposed dressing process using YAG-SHG laser with the wavelength of 532 nm was conducted upon porous cast-iron bonded diamond grinding wheels with fine grains. It revealed that application of laser for dressing evaporates cast-iron and the amount of evaporation increases with laser flux densities, resulting in an increment of protrusion heights. The wheel dressed with laser allows about six times of removal volume rate on ZrO2 at the maximum rather than the same wheel mechanically dressed. It also achieves 90 times less specific grinding energy. With the increase of laser flux density, the removal volume of ground work pieces can be increased or the specific grinding energy decreased. The laser dressed wheels can also achieve the same surface roughness on ground surfaces as mechanically dressed wheels. Copyright (2000) AD-TECH - International Foundation for the Advancement of Technology Ltd

  14. The Influence of Physical Attractiveness and Dress on Campus Recruiters' Impressions of Female Job Applicants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kim K. P.; Roach-Higgins, Mary E.

    1987-01-01

    The influence of physical attractiveness, dress, and job type upon 300 college recruiters' impressions of females' employment potential was investigated. Subjects rated female applicants from a photograph on eight employment potential statements. Results indicate that the applicant's style of dress exerted a consistent influence on recruiters'…

  15. Social Aspects of Conservation - Two Considerations: Clothing - Dress and Recreation - Leisure. Environmental Ecological Education Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Verlin M.

    This unit, designed for eighth-grade school students, combines two sociological factors that affect the environment and the standard of living. Divided into two complete parts, Clothing - Dress and Recreation - Leisure, it examines the interrelationships of people's values and available natural resources. The section on clothing and dress covers…

  16. Dress-Related Responses to the Columbine Shootings: Other-Imposed and Self-Designed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogle, Jennifer Paff; Eckman, Molly

    2002-01-01

    An inductive content analysis approach was used to examine 155 dress-related newspaper articles following the Columbine High School shootings in 1999. Analysis revealed two dress-related responses: (1) other-imposed regulation to protect students and deter them from expressing hatred and (2) self-designed acts of resistance for grieving. (Contains…

  17. Recent advances on the development of wound dressings for diabetic foot ulcer treatment--a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura, Liane I F; Dias, Ana M A; Carvalho, Eugénia; de Sousa, Hermínio C

    2013-07-01

    Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a chronic, non-healing complication of diabetes that lead to high hospital costs and, in extreme cases, to amputation. Diabetic neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, abnormal cellular and cytokine/chemokine activity are among the main factors that hinder diabetic wound repair. DFUs represent a current and important challenge in the development of novel and efficient wound dressings. In general, an ideal wound dressing should provide a moist wound environment, offer protection from secondary infections, remove wound exudate and promote tissue regeneration. However, no existing dressing fulfills all the requirements associated with DFU treatment and the choice of the correct dressing depends on the wound type and stage, injury extension, patient condition and the tissues involved. Currently, there are different types of commercially available wound dressings that can be used for DFU treatment which differ on their application modes, materials, shape and on the methods employed for production. Dressing materials can include natural, modified and synthetic polymers, as well as their mixtures or combinations, processed in the form of films, foams, hydrocolloids and hydrogels. Moreover, wound dressings may be employed as medicated systems, through the delivery of healing enhancers and therapeutic substances (drugs, growth factors, peptides, stem cells and/or other bioactive substances). This work reviews the state of the art and the most recent advances in the development of wound dressings for DFU treatment. Special emphasis is given to systems employing new polymeric biomaterials, and to the latest and innovative therapeutic strategies and delivery approaches. PMID:23542233

  18. A randomized, controlled clinical trial of honey-impregnated dressing for treating diabetic foot ulcer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate the effect of Beri-honey-impregnated dressing on diabetic foot ulcer and compare it with normal saline dressing. Study Design: A randomized, controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Sughra Shafi Medical Complex, Narowal, Pakistan and Bhatti International Trust (BIT) Hospital, Affiliated with Central Park Medical College, Lahore, from February 2006 to February 2010. Methodology: Patients with Wagner's grade 1 and 2 ulcers were enrolled. Those patients were divided in two groups; group A (n=179) treated with honey dressing and group B (n=169) treated with normal saline dressing. Outcome measures were calculated in terms of proportion of wounds completely healed (primary outcome), wound healing time, and deterioration of wounds. Patients were followed-up for a maximum of 120 days. Results: One hundred and thirty six wounds (75.97%) out of 179 were completely healed with honey dressing and 97 (57.39%) out of 169 wtih saline dressing (p=0.001). The median wound healing time was 18.00 (6 - 120) days (Median with IQR) in group A and 29.00 (7 - 120) days (Median with IQR) in group B (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The present results showed that honey is an effective dressing agent instead of conventional dressings, in treating patients of diabetic foot ulcer. (author)

  19. Spectral properties of a thresholdless dressed-atom laser

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, Min; Ficek, Zbigniew

    2010-01-01

    We investigate spectral properties of the atomic fluorescence and the output field of the cavity-mode of a single-atom dressed-state laser in a photonic crystal. We pay a particular attention to the behavior of the spectra in the presence of the frequency dependent reservoir and search for signatures of the thresholdless lasing. Although the thresholdless behavior has been predicted by analyzing the photon statistics of the cavity field, we find that the threshold behavior still exists in the spectrum of the cavity field. We find that the structure of cavity field spectrum depends strongly on the strange of the pumping rate. For low pumping rates, the spectrum is not monochromatic, it is composed of a set of discrete lines reveling the discrete (quantum) structure of the combined dressed-atom plus the cavity field system. We find that for a certain value of the pumping rate, the multi-peak structure converts into a single very narrow line centered at the cavity field frequency. A physical explanation of the b...

  20. Development of morphology in laser dressed grinding wheels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J. Jackson

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The paper describes the development of faceted morphology in laser dressed grinding wheels.Design/methodology/approach: The approach used in the paper is based on locally melting a vitrified grinding wheel and measuring features such as grain size, cooling rate and melt depth as a function of laser fluence and relating these measures to the morphology shown in the microstructures presented in the paper.Findings: The findings of this course of research lead the authors to believe that a specific morphology is dependent upon cooling rate and laser fluence.Research limitations/implications: The findings show that further research is required to fully understand how certain morphologies form as a function of cooling rate and laser fluence. It should be noted that morphologies observed in laser processed grinding wheels include cellular and fully dendritic morphologies in addition to faceted vertices.Practical implications: The results imply that laser dressed grinding wheels can be used for machining different materials at different grinding speeds. The paper also shows that much development is needed to identify laser processing conditions that are appropriate for different workpiece materials.Originality/value: The paper shows that different morphologies can be used to machine workpiece materials under different conditions. The originality in the paper is focused on the formation on minute cutting points using increasing laser fluences.

  1. Antibacterial hemostatic dressings with nanoporous bioglass containing silver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu G

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Gangfeng Hu,1 Luwei Xiao,2 Peijian Tong,2 Dawei Bi,1 Hui Wang,1 Haitao Ma,1 Gang Zhu,1 Hui Liu21The First People’s Hospital of Xiaoshan, Hangzhou, China; 2Zhejiang Traditional Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, ChinaAbstract: Nanoporous bioglass containing silver (n-BGS was fabricated using the sol-gel method, with cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide as template. The results showed that n-BGS with nanoporous structure had a surface area of 467 m2/g and a pore size of around 6 nm, and exhibited a significantly higher water absorption rate compared with BGS without nanopores. The n-BGS containing small amounts of silver (Ag had a slight effect on its surface area. The n-BGS containing 0.02 wt% Ag, without cytotoxicity, had a good antibacterial effect on Escherichia coli, and its antibacterial rate reached 99% in 12 hours. The n-BGS’s clotting ability significantly decreased prothrombin time (PT and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT, indicating n-BGS with a higher surface area could significantly promote blood clotting (by decreasing clotting time compared with BGS without nanopores. Effective hemostasis was achieved in skin injury models, and bleeding time was reduced. It is suggested that n-BGS could be a good dressing, with antibacterial and hemostatic properties, which might shorten wound bleeding time and control hemorrhage.Keywords: antibacterial, bioglass, cytotoxicity, dressing, hemostasis, nanopore, silver

  2. New antimicrobial chitosan derivatives for wound dressing applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragostin, Oana Maria; Samal, Sangram Keshari; Dash, Mamoni; Lupascu, Florentina; Pânzariu, Andreea; Tuchilus, Cristina; Ghetu, Nicolae; Danciu, Mihai; Dubruel, Peter; Pieptu, Dragos; Vasile, Cornelia; Tatia, Rodica; Profire, Lenuta

    2016-05-01

    Chitosan is a non-toxic, biocompatible, biodegradable natural cationic polymer known for its low imunogenicity, antimicrobial, antioxidant effects and wound-healing activity. To improve its therapeutic potential, new chitosan-sulfonamide derivatives have been designed to develop new wound dressing biomaterials. The structural, morphological and physico-chemical properties of synthesized chitosan derivatives were analyzed by FT-IR, (1)H NMR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, swelling ability and porosity. Antimicrobial, in vivo testing and biodegradation behavior have been also performed. The chitosan derivative membranes showed improved swelling and biodegradation rate, which are important characteristics required for the wound healing process. The antimicrobial assay evidenced that chitosan-based sulfadiazine, sulfadimethoxine and sulfamethoxazole derivatives were the most active. The MTT assay showed that some of chitosan derivatives are nontoxic. Furthermore, the in vivo study on burn wound model induced in Wistar rats demonstrated an improved healing effect and enhanced epithelialization of chitosan-sulfonamide derivatives compared to neat chitosan. The obtained results strongly recommend the use of some of the newly developed chitosan derivatives as antimicrobial wound dressing biomaterials. PMID:26876993

  3. Physically crosslinked-sacran hydrogel films for wound dressing application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wathoni, Nasrul; Motoyama, Keiichi; Higashi, Taishi; Okajima, Maiko; Kaneko, Tatsuo; Arima, Hidetoshi

    2016-08-01

    The thin hydrogel films consisting of water-swollen polymer networks can potentially be applied for biomedical fields. Recently, natural polysaccharides have great attentions to be developed as wound healing and protection. In the present study, we newly prepared and characterized a physically crosslinked-hydrogel film composed of a novel megamolecular polysaccharide sacran for wound dressing application. We successfully fabricated a physically crosslinked-sacran hydrogel film by a solvent-casting method. The thickness of a sacran hydrogel film was lower than that of a sodium alginate (Na-alginate) film. Importantly, the swollen ratio of a sacran hydrogel film in water at 24h was 19-fold, compared to initial weight. Meanwhile, a Na-alginate hydrogel film was completely broken apart after rehydration. Moreover, a sacran hydrogel film did not show any cytotoxicity on NIH3T3 cells, a murine fibroblast cell line. The in vivo skin hydration study revealed that a sacran hydrogel film significantly increased the moisture content on hairless mice skin and considerably improved wound healing ability, compared to control (non-treated), probably due to not only the moisturing effect but also the anti-inflammatory effect of sacran. These results suggest that sacran has the potential properties as a basic biomaterial in a hydrogel film for wound dressing application. PMID:27151668

  4. Do Functional Keratin Dressings Accelerate Epithelialization in Human Partial Thickness Wounds? A Randomized Controlled Trial on Skin Graft Donor Sites

    OpenAIRE

    Davidson, Andrew; Jina, N. Hamesh; Marsh, Clive; Than, Martin; Simcock, Jeremy W.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To determine if the experimental (keratin-based) dressing accelerates epithelialization rates during healing of partial-thickness wounds, relative to a Standard Care dressing. Method: A randomized control trial was conducted using a Standard Care dressing side by side with the experimental dressing on a sample (n=26) of partial-thickness donor site wounds. The proximal/distal placement of the control and treatment was randomized. Percentage epithelialization after approximately 7 d...

  5. A critical review of modern and emerging absorbent dressings used to treat exuding wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, India R; Miraftab, Mohsen; Collyer, Graham

    2012-12-01

    Wound management has progressed significantly over the last five decades. This emanates from a greater understanding of wound healing, technological progression and improved clinical and scientific research. There are currently a plethora of absorbent dressings on the wound care market which claim to have the ability to manage exudates whilst encouraging healing. However, it is becoming clear, from analysing randomised controlled trials, that some of these absorbent dressings are not meeting their expectations when applied in a clinical setting. Many clinicians now feel that there should be more focus, not only on a dressing's ability to manage exudate efficiently, but on a dressing's ability to proactively encourage healing and thus exudate reduction will ensue. This paper proposes to critically review modern and emerging absorbent wound care dressings used to manage exuding wounds and discuses some advances in this area. PMID:22248337

  6. Trap losses induced by near-resonant Rydberg dressing of cold atomic gases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aman, J. A.; DeSalvo, B. J.; Dunning, F. B.; Killian, T. C.; Yoshida, S.; Burgdörfer, J.

    2016-04-01

    The near-resonant dressing of cold strontium gases and Bose-Einstein condensates contained in an optical dipole trap (ODT) with the 5 s 30 s S31 Rydberg state is investigated as a function of the effective two-photon Rabi frequency, detuning, and dressing time. The measurements demonstrate that a rapid decrease in the ground-state atom population in the ODT occurs even for weak dressing and when well detuned from resonance. This decrease is attributed to Rydberg atom excitation, which can lead to direct escape from the trap and to population of very long-lived 5 s 5 p 0, 2 3P metastable states. The effects of interactions between Rydberg atoms, including those populated by blackbody radiation, are analyzed. The work has important implications when considering the use of Rydberg dressing to control the interactions between dressed ground-state atoms.

  7. Comparison of hydrocolloid with conventional gauze dressing in prevention of wound infection after clean surgical procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare hydrocolloid with conventional gauze dressing in prevention of infections after clean surgical procedures. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Surgery, CMH Rawalpindi from 22 Jan 2010 to 22 Aug 2010. Patients and Methods: A total of 400 patients undergoing clean surgical procedures were randomly allocated in two equal groups, A and B by lottery method. In group A. simple gauze dressing was applied after clean surgical procedures while in group B hydrocolloid dressing was used. On 7th post operative day, patients were observed for presence of infection. Results: Mean age of sample was 42.08 +-11.112 years. In group A out of 200 Patients, 14 (7.0%) while in group B 10 (5%) developed infection postoperatively (p=0.709). Conclusion: There is no difference in the rate of infection when using a gauze dressing or a hydrocolloid dressing after clean surgical procedure. (author)

  8. 'Potato peel dressing': a novel adjunctive in the management of necrotizing fasciitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjunath, K S; Bhandage, Supriya; Kamat, Shishir

    2015-03-01

    Management of necrotizing fasciitis, a rare and potentially fatal, polymicrobial disease comprises of aggressive debridement, intravenous antibiotics and application of various adjunctives. So far adjunctives like hyperbaric oxygen therapy, intravenous immunoglobulins, vacuum assisted or foam dressing, and guided tissue regeneration with amniotic dressing have been put to use. Each of these adjunctives has faced criticism for their shortcomings. Potato peel has been used as a dressing for chronic wounds but there is no literature available on its application over wounds afflicted with necrotizing fasciitis. Owing to various medicinal properties of potato peel and its use as a dressing in other medical conditions, same was used as an adjunctive in the present case. Here we present a case of cervical necrotizing fasciitis of dentogenous origin, treated by mainstay surgical treatment with debridement, drainage in combination with broad spectrum antibiotics and a novel adjunctive, 'potato peel dressing', which has shown promising results. PMID:25848140

  9. Quark Loop Effects on Dressed Gluon Propagator in Framework of Global Color Symmetry Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZONG Hong-Shi; SUN Wei-Min

    2006-01-01

    Based on the global color symmetry model (GCM), a method for obtaining the quark loop effects on the dressed gluon propagator in GCM is developed. In the chiral limit, it is found that the dressed gluon propagator containing the quark loop effects in the Nambu-Goldstone and Wigner phases are quite different. In solving the quark self-energy functions in the two different phases and subsequent study of bag constant one should use the above dressed gluon propagator as input. The above approach for obtaining the current quark mass effects on the dressed gluon propagator is quite general and can also be used to calculate the chemical potential dependence of the dressed gluon propagator.

  10. Enhancing pressure ulcer prevention using wound dressings: what are the modes of action?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Call, Evan; Pedersen, Justin; Bill, Brian; Black, Joyce; Alves, Paulo; Brindle, C Tod; Dealey, Carol; Santamaria, Nick; Clark, Michael

    2015-08-01

    Recent clinical research has generated interest in the use of sacral wound dressings as preventive devices for patients at risk of ulceration. This study was conducted to identify the modes of action through which dressings can add to pressure ulcer prevention, for example, shear and friction force redistribution and pressure distribution. Bench testing was performed using nine commercially available dressings. The use of dressings can reduce the amplitude of shear stress and friction reaching the skin of patients at risk. They can also effectively redirect these forces to wider areas which minimises the mechanical loads upon skeletal prominences. Dressings can redistribute pressure based upon their effective Poisson ratio and larger deflection areas, providing greater load redistribution. PMID:23905962

  11. [Application of modern wound dressings in the treatment of chronic wounds].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triller, Ciril; Huljev, Dubravko; Smrke, Dragica Maja

    2012-10-01

    Chronic and acute infected wounds can pose a major clinical problem because of associated complications and slow healing. In addition to classic preparations for wound treatment, an array of modern dressings for chronic wound care are currently available on the market. These dressings are intended for the wounds due to intralesional physiological, pathophysiological and pathological causes and which failed to heal as expected upon the use of standard procedures. Classic materials such as gauze and bandage are now considered obsolete and of just historical relevance because modern materials employed in wound treatment, such as moisture, warmth and appropriate pH are known to ensure optimal conditions for wound healing. Modern wound dressings absorb wound discharge, reduce bacterial contamination, while protecting wound surrounding from secondary infection and preventing transfer of infection from the surrounding area onto the wound surface. The use of modern wound dressings is only justified when the cause of wound development has been established or chronic wound due to the underlying disease has been diagnosed. Wound dressing is chosen according to wound characteristics and by experience. We believe that the main advantages of modern wound dressings versus classic materials include more efficient wound cleaning, simpler placement of the dressing, reduced pain to touch, decreased sticking to the wound surface, and increased capacity of absorbing wound exudate. Modern wound dressings accelerate the formation of granulation tissue, reduce the length of possible hospital stay and facilitate personnel work. Thus, the overall cost of treatment is reduced, although the price of modern wound dressings is higher than that of classic materials. All types of modern wound dressings, their characteristics and indications for use are described. PMID:23193824

  12. Light-cured resin "Barricaid" - An aesthetic and biocompatible dressing: A step ahead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellora Madan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Periodontal dressings have been used for several years as a protection over injured tissue to shield the area from further insult . Several dressings are commercially available. A recently introduced light-cured resin, claimed to be more biocompatible and esthetic, needs critical evaluation. Aim: To compare this dressing with most widely used non-eugenol pack in the perspective of esthetics, acceptance, and healing following periodontal flap surgery. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients suffering from generalized chronic periodontitis, requiring periodontal flap surgery on contralateral sides of the arch, were selected and divided randomly into Group I (control and Group II (test. In Group I, a non-eugenol dressing and in Group II light-cured dressing were applied after flap surgery. Pain and discomfort scores were recorded on day 1, 2, and 3 while plaque scores, gingival index, and bleeding index were recorded on day 7. Patient′s subjective evaluation and preference for the dressing material were recorded. The data was collected and statistically analyzed. Results: Group II showed better results than Group I when plaque scores, bleeding scores, modified gingival index scores, and pain and discomfort scores were compared though the differences were not statistically significant. Subjects found no unpleasant taste/smell and perceived the light-cured dressing to be better. A significantly higher number of patients preferred light-cured resin as a post-surgical dressing over Coe-pak. Conclusion: The light-cured dressing showed better patient acceptability and proves to be a better alternative to Coe-pak as a dressing material.

  13. Role of natural polysaccharides in radiation formation of PVA-hydrogel wound dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation processed PVA-polysaccharides hydrogels have been observed to be suitable for producing transparent, flexible, mechanically strong, biocompatible, effective and economical hydrogel dressings. The dressings were formed in single stage irradiation process achieving gel formation and sterilization at 25-30 kGy gamma radiation dose. No synthetic plasticizers and additives were used. Different formulations containing poly-vinylalcohol (PVA) and polysaccharides selected from combinations of agar and carrageenan were used to make the dressings. The selected polysaccharides themselves form thermo-reversible gels and degrade on irradiation. Using concentration of polysaccharides as low as 0.5-2% resulted in increase of tensile strength from 45 g/cm2 to 411 g/cm2, elongation from 30% to 410% and water uptake from 25% to 157% with respect to PVA gel without polysaccharides. Besides improving mechanical strength, agar contributes more to elongation and carrageenan to mechanical strength of the gel dressing. PVA formulations containing the polysaccharides show significantly different pre-gel viscosities behaviour. Increasing the concentration of agar in the formulation to about 2% converts the sheet gel to paste gel useful for filling wound cavities. The results indicate that pre irradiation network structure of the formulation plays an important role in determining mechanical properties of the irradiated gel dressing. Formulations containing 7-9% PVA, 0.5-1.5% carrageenan and 0.5-1% agar gave highly effective usable hydrogel dressings. Scanning electron micrographs show highly porous structure of the gel. Clinical trials of wound dressing on human patients established safety and efficacy of the dressing. The dressing has been observed to be useful in treating burns, non-healing ulcers of diabetes, leprosy and other external wounds. The dressings are now being marketed in India under different brand names

  14. Role of natural polysaccharides in radiation formation of PVA-hydrogel wound dressing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varshney, Lalit [ISOMED, Radiation Technology Development Section, Radio-Chemistry and Isotope Group, B.A.R.C, Mumbai 400 085 (India)]. E-mail: lalitv@barc.gov.in

    2007-02-15

    Radiation processed PVA-polysaccharides hydrogels have been observed to be suitable for producing transparent, flexible, mechanically strong, biocompatible, effective and economical hydrogel dressings. The dressings were formed in single stage irradiation process achieving gel formation and sterilization at 25-30 kGy gamma radiation dose. No synthetic plasticizers and additives were used. Different formulations containing poly-vinylalcohol (PVA) and polysaccharides selected from combinations of agar and carrageenan were used to make the dressings. The selected polysaccharides themselves form thermo-reversible gels and degrade on irradiation. Using concentration of polysaccharides as low as 0.5-2% resulted in increase of tensile strength from 45 g/cm{sup 2} to 411 g/cm{sup 2}, elongation from 30% to 410% and water uptake from 25% to 157% with respect to PVA gel without polysaccharides. Besides improving mechanical strength, agar contributes more to elongation and carrageenan to mechanical strength of the gel dressing. PVA formulations containing the polysaccharides show significantly different pre-gel viscosities behaviour. Increasing the concentration of agar in the formulation to about 2% converts the sheet gel to paste gel useful for filling wound cavities. The results indicate that pre irradiation network structure of the formulation plays an important role in determining mechanical properties of the irradiated gel dressing. Formulations containing 7-9% PVA, 0.5-1.5% carrageenan and 0.5-1% agar gave highly effective usable hydrogel dressings. Scanning electron micrographs show highly porous structure of the gel. Clinical trials of wound dressing on human patients established safety and efficacy of the dressing. The dressing has been observed to be useful in treating burns, non-healing ulcers of diabetes, leprosy and other external wounds. The dressings are now being marketed in India under different brand names.

  15. Studies on Radiation Synthesis of Poly(vinyl alcohol)- Natural Polysaccharides Hydrogel Wound Dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation processed PVA-polysaccharides hydrogels have been observed to be suitable for producing transparent, flexible and mechanically strong, biocompatible, effective and economical hydrogel dressings(HD). The dressings were formed in single stage irradiation process achieving gel formation and sterilization at 25-30 kGy gamma radiation dose. No synthetic plasticizers and additives were used. Different formulations containing Poly-vinylalcohol, (PVA) and polysaccharides selected from combinations of agar and carrageenan were used to make the dressings. The selected polysaccharides themselves form thermo-reversible gels and degrade on irradiation. Using concentration of polysaccharides as low as 0.5 -2 % resulted in increase of tensile strength from 45 g/cm2 to 400 g/cm2, elongation from 30 % to 410 % and water uptake from 25 % to 120% with respect to PVA gel without polysaccharides. Besides improving mechanical strength, agar contributes more to elongation and carrageenan to mechanical strength of the gel dressing. The polysaccharides show different pre-gel viscosities behaviour indicating different individual contribution to the PVA network. Increasing the concentration of agar in the formulation to about 2% converts the sheet gel to paste gel useful for filling wound cavities. The polysaccharides also provide desirable plasticizer and humectant effect into the dressing. Formulations containing 7-9% PVA, 0.5- 1.5 % carrageenan and 0.5-1% agar gave highly effective usable hydrogel dressings. Scanning Electron Micrographs show highly porous structure of the gel. Clinical trials of wound dressing on human patients established safety and efficacy of the dressing. The dressing has been observed to be useful in treating burns, non healing ulcers of Diabetes, Leprosy and other external wounds. The dressings are now being marketed in India under different brand names

  16. Designing tragacanth gum based sterile hydrogel by radiation method for use in drug delivery and wound dressing applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Baljit; Varshney, Lalit; Francis, Sanju; Rajneesh

    2016-07-01

    Present article discusses synthesis and characterization of the sterile and pure hydrogel wound dressings which were prepared through radiation method by using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), tragacanth gum (TG) and sodium alginate (SA). The polymer films were characterized by SEM, Cryo-SEM, FTIR, solid state C(13) NMR and XRD, TGA, and DSC. Some important biological properties such as O2 permeability, water vapor transmission rate, microbial permeability, haemolysis, thrombogenic behavior, antioxidant activity, bio-adhesion and mechanical properties were also studied. The hydrogel film showed thrombogenicity (82.43±1.54%), haemolysis (0.83±0.09%), oxygen permeability (6.433±0.058mg/L) and water vapor permeability (197.39±25.34g/m(2)/day). Hydrogel films were found biocompatible and impermeable to microbes. The release of antibiotic drug moxifloxacin occurred through non-Fickian mechanism and release profile was best fitted in Hixson-Crowell model for drug release. Overall, these results indicate the suitability of these hydrogels in wound dressing applications. PMID:27020943

  17. Nano sliver distribution in vivo after the application of silver nanoparticle dressings%纳米银抗菌医用敷料创面外用后纳米银在体内的分布

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿健; 柳大烈; 张阳; 奚廷斐; 张志雄; 蹇明丽; 黄建林; 朱小玲; 曾孔仙

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Silver nanoparticles are greatly superior to traditional sliver products in terms of antibacterial effect due to small size effect, quantum effect and large specific surface area. The negative biological effect or adverse reaction in vivo remains unclear.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the nano-sliver distribution in rabbits after the application of silver nanoparticle dressings on trauma.METHODS:New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (trauma wounds healed natu rally), dressings for single time group and dressings for multiple times group. Both dressing groups were respectively assigned into six subgroups. Full-thickness excisional wounds were created over the ventral surface of rabbits' ears. Rabbits in dressings for single time group were treated with silver nanoparticle dressings for single time and in dressings for multiple times group were treated with d ressings for multiple times. Dressings in six subgroups of dressings for multiple times were changed respectively in 0, 2, 2 and 4, 2 and 4, 2 and 4, 2 and 4 post treatment days after injury. Blood, liver, kidney and spleen were respectively collected to determine the silver contents in 2, 4, 7, 14, 30, 60 days after injury.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The sliver contents in blood, liver, kidney and spleen of dressing groups at 2 days were significantly higher than those of normal control group (P < 0.01 ). The sliver contents in blood, liver, kidney and spleen of dressing groups at 4 days and were significantly higher than those of normal control group (P < 0.01). The contents in multiple dressing group were progressively increasing with time went, while the contents in single dressing group was progressively decreasing.This alteration was more obvious at 7 days, with significant differences between two dressing groups (P < 0.01). After removing the dressings, the sliver contents of dressing groups significantly declined compared with previous time point

  18. Noncommutative Extension of \\bar{\\partial}-Dressing Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ning; Wadati, Miki

    2003-06-01

    The \\bar{\\partial}-dressing method is extended to noncommutative space-time. It is shown that a noncommutative soliton equation and its Lax operators can be represented in the forms of Moyal product, the operator (functional of creation-annihilation operators) and the kernel function of the operator in coherent state representation (CSR). Noncommutative KP (ncKP) equation is taken as an example to illustrate how to solve a noncommutative soliton equation. It is found that the induced soliton equation in the CSR is different from the matrix KP equation usually considered in articles, but is a new soliton equation of integral operator. It is shown that the solutions of a noncommutative soliton equation (both multi-lump and multi-line solitons) can be reduced to solving a set of c-number linear differential equations.

  19. A CFT Perspective on Gravitational Dressing and Bulk Locality

    CERN Document Server

    Lewkowycz, Aitor; Verlinde, Herman

    2016-01-01

    We revisit the construction of local bulk operators in AdS/CFT with special focus on gravitational dressing and its consequences for bulk locality. Specializing to 2+1-dimensions, we investigate these issues via the proposed identification between bulk operators and cross-cap boundary states. We obtain explicit expressions for correlation functions of bulk fields with boundary stress tensor insertions, and find that they are free of non-local branch cuts but do have non-local poles. We recover the HKLL recipe for restoring bulk locality for interacting fields as the outcome of a natural CFT crossing condition. We show that, in a suitable gauge, the cross-cap states solve the bulk wave equation for general background geometries, and satisfy a conformal Ward identity analogous to a soft graviton theorem, Virasoro symmetry, the large N conformal bootstrap and the uniformization theorem all play a key role in our derivations.

  20. Development of sago starch hydrogel for wound dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sago starch is utilized in Malaysia mainly for food production. The purpose of the research is to diversify the use of sago starch for medical application particularly in development of hydrogel burn wound dressing. The sago starch is blending with mixture of PVP and PVA to improve the degree of crosslink, mechanical properties, swelling ability and tackiness of the blend hydrogel (sago/PVA and sago PVP). Additives have been introduced into the system such as, polypropylene glycol or carboxymethyl cellulose to improved further the swelling ability and tackiness properties of the blend hydrogel as well as other properties. Effect of irradiation dose on the blend hydrogel has also been studied to optimize the effective dose for blend hydrogel and simultaneously for sterilization purpose. (author)

  1. Development of sago starch hydrogel for wound dressing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamaruddin Hashim; Khairul Zaman HJ. Mohd Dahlan; Kamarudin Bahari [Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT), Bangi (Malaysia); Yoshii, Fumio; Kume, Tamikazu [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Takasaki, Gunma (Japan). Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment

    2001-03-01

    Sago starch is utilized in Malaysia mainly for food production. The purpose of the research is to diversify the use of sago starch for medical application particularly in development of hydrogel burn wound dressing. The sago starch is blending with mixture of PVP and PVA to improve the degree of crosslink, mechanical properties, swelling ability and tackiness of the blend hydrogel (sago/PVA and sago PVP). Additives have been introduced into the system such as, polypropylene glycol or carboxymethyl cellulose to improved further the swelling ability and tackiness properties of the blend hydrogel as well as other properties. Effect of irradiation dose on the blend hydrogel has also been studied to optimize the effective dose for blend hydrogel and simultaneously for sterilization purpose. (author)

  2. Calcium hydroxide as intracanal dressing for teeth with apical periodontitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sari Dewiyani

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Root canal infection and periapical diseases are caused by bacteria and their products. Long term infection may spread bacteria throughout the root canal system. Apical periodontitis caused by infectious microbe that persistent in root canals can cause radiographic and histopathology periapical changes. Chemomechanical preparation and intracanal dressing then are recommended to be conducted and used in between visits to eliminate microbes in root canals. Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH2 can be used as intracanal dressing since it can be used as musical physical defense barrier to eliminate re-infection in root canal and to disturb nutrition supply for bacterial development. Purpose: The aim of this study is observe the effectiveness of Ca(OH2 in treating endodontic teeth with apical periodontitis. Cases: Case 1 and 3 are about patients whose left posterior mandibular teeth had spontaneous intermittent pain. Case 2 is about a patient whose left posterior maxillary teeth had gingival abscess and fracture history. Based on the radiographic examination, it was known that the filling of root canal was incomplete and there was radiolucency in the apical area. Case management: The cases were treated with triad endodontics, which involves preparation, disinfection by using 2.5% NaOCl as irrigation substance and calcium hydroxide as intracanal dressing, and then the filling of root canal with gutta percha and endomethasone root canal cement. Evaluations were conducted one month, 12 months, and 24 months after the treatment. Conclusion: Calcium hydroxide is effective to be used as intracanal dressing in apical periodontitis cases.Latar belakang: Infeksi saluran akar dan penyakit periapeks disebabkan oleh mikroba dan produknya. Infeksi yang berlangsung lama memungkinkan bakteri masuk ke dalam seluruh sistem saluran akar. Periodontitis apikal disebabkan oleh infeksi persisten mikroba di dalam sistem saluran akar disertai perubahan radiografik dan

  3. Low-momentum ghost dressing function and the gluon mass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the low-momentum ghost propagator Dyson-Schwinger equation in the Landau gauge, assuming for the truncation a constant ghost-gluon vertex, as it is extensively done, and a simple model for a massive gluon propagator. Then, regular Dyson-Schwinger equation solutions (the zero-momentum ghost dressing function not diverging) appear to emerge, and we show the ghost propagator to be described by an asymptotic expression reliable up to the order O(q2). That expression, depending on the gluon mass and the zero-momentum Taylor-scheme effective charge, is proven to fit pretty well some low-momentum ghost propagator data [I. L. Bogolubsky, E. M. Ilgenfritz, M. Muller-Preussker, and A. Sternbeck, Phys. Lett. B 676, 69 (2009); Proc. Sci., LAT2007 (2007) 290] from big-volume lattice simulations where the so-called ''simulated annealing algorithm'' is applied to fix the Landau gauge.

  4. Development of honey hydrogel dressing for enhanced wound healing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation at 25 and 50 kGy showed no effect on the acidic pH of the local honey, Gelam, and its antimicrobial property against Staphylococcus aureus but significantly reduced the viscosity. Honey stored up to 2 years at room temperature retained all the properties studied. Radiation sterilized Gelam honey significantly stimulated the rate of burn wound healing in Sprague-Dawley rats as demonstrated by the increased rate of wound contraction and gross appearance. Gelam honey attenuates wound inflammation; and re-epithelialization was well advanced compared to the treatment using silver sulphadiazine (SSD) cream. To enhance further the use of honey in wound treatment and for easy handling, Gelam honey was incorporated into our hydrogel dressing formulation, which was then cross-linked and sterilized using electron beam at 25 kGy. Hydrogel with 6% of honey was selected based on the physical appearance

  5. A Wireless Electroceutical Dressing Lowers Cost of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghatak, Piya Das; Schlanger, Richard; Ganesh, Kasturi; Lambert, Lynn; Gordillo, Gayle M.; Martinsek, Patsy; Roy, Sashwati

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To test whether the use of a wireless electroceutical dressing (WED) (Procellera®) in conjunction with a 5-day negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) may reduce the number of dressing changes required per week with this therapy. Approach: At the Ohio State University Comprehensive Wound Center, chronic wound patients (n=30) undergoing NPWT were randomized into two arms following consent as approved by the institutional review board. The control arm received standard of care NPWT, where the dressing change was performed thrice a week. The test arm received the same care except that the WED was added as an interface layer and dressing change was limited to twice a week. Results: A reduced cost of care was achieved using the WED in conjunction with NPWT. Despite fewer dressing changes in wounds dressed with the WED, closure outcomes were comparable with no overt signs of any wound complication, including infection. The cost of NPWT care during the week was significantly lower (from $2918 to $2346) in the WED-treated group compared with patients in the control arm. Innovation: This work introduces a novel technology platform involving a WED, which may be used in conjunction with NPWT. If used as such, NPWT is effective in decreasing the frequency of dressing change and lowering the cost of care. Conclusion: This work points toward the benefit of using the WED combined with NPWT. A larger clinical trial investigating the cost-effectiveness of WED in wound care is warranted. PMID:26005596

  6. Intracanal dressing and root canal filling materials in tooth replantation: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panzarini, Sônia Regina; Trevisan, Carolina Lunardelli; Brandini, Daniela Atili; Poi, Wilson Roberto; Sonoda, Celso Koogi; Luvizuto, Eloá Rodrigues; Dos Santos, Cláudia Letícia Vendrame

    2012-02-01

    The prognosis of tooth replantation is usually related to the need of endodontic treatment, which has a direct relationship with the occurrence of root resorptions. Several studies have been undertaken in an attempt to prevent, delay, or treat these complications, which are the main causes of loss of replanted teeth. This literature review examines research evidence on intracanal dressings and root canal filling materials used in cases of tooth replantation. A comprehensive search was performed in the Medline/Pubmed, Bireme and Scielo full-text electronic journal databases to retrieve English-language articles referring to these topics that had been published between 1964 and 2010. Calcium hydroxide (CH) remains the usually recommended choice as an intracanal medicament in replanted teeth; however, there is evidence to support the initial use of a corticosteroid-antibiotic combination such as Ledermix paste to control potential early resorption, prior to the introduction of CH where the beneficial effect in the treatment of progressive root resorption has been well proven. Regarding root filling materials, CH-containing sealers are a good option because of their biological properties. Accurate diagnosis and adequate treatment plan may constitute very complex tasks, particularly in tooth avulsion because several variables are involved. In addition to the technical knowledge and clinical experience directed toward the quality of treatment, patient education may favorably influence the survival of replanted teeth. PMID:22230725

  7. Highly biocompatible collagen-Delonix regia seed polysaccharide hybrid scaffolds for antimicrobial wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheirmadurai, Kalirajan; Thanikaivelan, Palanisamy; Murali, Ragothaman

    2016-02-10

    Biomaterials based entirely on biological resources are ideal for tissue engineering applications. Here we report the preparation of hybrid collagen scaffolds comprising gulmohar seed polysaccharide (GSP) and cinnamon bark extract as cross-linking agent. (1)H NMR spectrum of GSP confirms the presence of galactose and mannose in the ratio of 1:1.54, which was further corroborated using FT-IR. The hybrid scaffolds show better enzyme and thermal stability in contrast to pure collagen scaffold probably due to weak interactions from GSP and covalent interaction through cinnamaldehyde. Gas permeability and scanning electron microscopic analysis show that the porosity of the hybrid scaffolds is slightly reduced with the increase in the concentration of GSP. The infrared and circular dichroic spectral studies show that the secondary structure of the collagen did not change after the interaction with GSP and cinnamaldehyde. The hybrid scaffolds stabilized with cinnamaldehyde show good antimicrobial activity against the common multi-drug resistant wound pathogens. These results suggest that the prepared hybrid scaffolds have great potential for antimicrobial wound dressing applications. PMID:26686167

  8. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragostin, Oana Maria; Samal, Sangram Keshari; Lupascu, Florentina; Pânzariu, Andreea; Dubruel, Peter; Lupascu, Dan; Tuchilus, Cristina; Vasile, Cornelia; Profire, Lenuta

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol) in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic properties, which are very important features for their use as a wound dressing. The film based on chitosan-sulfisoxazol (CS-S6) showed the highest swelling ratio (197%) and the highest biodegradation rate (63.04%) in comparison to chitosan film for which the swelling ratio was 190% and biodegradation rate was only 10%. Referring to the antioxidant effects the most active was chitosan-sulfamerazine (CS-S5) which was 8.3 times more active than chitosan related to DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging ability. This compound showed also a good ferric reducing power and improved total antioxidant capacity. PMID:26694354

  9. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Maria Dragostin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic properties, which are very important features for their use as a wound dressing. The film based on chitosan-sulfisoxazol (CS-S6 showed the highest swelling ratio (197% and the highest biodegradation rate (63.04% in comparison to chitosan film for which the swelling ratio was 190% and biodegradation rate was only 10%. Referring to the antioxidant effects the most active was chitosan-sulfamerazine (CS-S5 which was 8.3 times more active than chitosan related to DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging ability. This compound showed also a good ferric reducing power and improved total antioxidant capacity.

  10. DETERMINATION ОF DRESS ROLL OPTIMAL RADIUS WHILE PRODUCING PARTS WITH TROCHOIDAL PROFILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. N. Yankevich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers determination of the dress roll optimal radius while producing parts having trohoidal profile with the help of grinding method that presupposes application of grinding disk. In this case disk profile has been cut-in by diamond dressing. Two methods for determination of calculation of the dress roll optimal radius have been proposed in the paper. On the basis of the satellite gear of the planetary pin reducer whose profile presents a trochoid it has been shown that the obtained results pertaining to two proposed methods conform with each other.

  11. A dressing of zero-range potentials and electron-molecule scattering problem at low energies

    CERN Document Server

    Leble, S B

    2002-01-01

    A dressing of a nonspherical potential, which includes $n$ zero range potentials, is considered. The dressing technique is used to improve ZRP model. Concepts of the partial waves and partial phases for non-spherical potential are used in order to perform Darboux transformation. The problem of scattering on the regular $\\hbox{X}_n$ and $\\hbox{YX}_n$ structures is studied. The possibilities of dressed ZRP are illustrated by model calculation of the low-energy electron-Silane ($\\hbox{SiH}_4$) scattering. The results are discussed. Key words: multiple scattering, silane, zero range potential.

  12. Dynamical Casimir-Polder force on a partially dressed atom near a conducting wall

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the time evolution of the Casimir-Polder force acting on a neutral atom in front of a perfectly conducting plate, when the system starts its unitary evolution from a partially dressed state. We solve the Heisenberg equations for both atomic and field quantum operators, exploiting a series expansion with respect to the electric charge and an iterative technique. After discussing the behavior of the time-dependent force on an initially partially dressed atom, we analyze a possible experimental scheme to prepare the partially dressed state and the observability of this new dynamical effect.

  13. Dynamical Casimir-Polder force on a partially dressed atom near a conducting wall

    CERN Document Server

    Messina, Riccardo; Passante, Roberto

    2010-01-01

    We study the time evolution of the Casimir-Polder force acting on a neutral atom in front of a perfectly conducting plate, when the system starts its unitary evolution from a partially dressed state. We solve the Heisenberg equations for both atomic and field quantum operators, exploiting a series expansion with respect to the electric charge and an iterative technique. After discussing the behaviour of the time-dependent force on an initially partially-dressed atom, we analyze a possible experimental scheme to prepare the partially dressed state and the observability of this new dynamical effect.

  14. The effectiveness of hydrocolloid dressings versus other dressings in the healing of pressure ulcers in adults and older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciele Soares Pott

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effectiveness of hydrocolloids in the healing of pressure ulcers in adult and older adult patients.METHOD: systematic review with meta-analysis, based on the recommendations of the Cochrane Handbook. The search was undertaken in the databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS, Cochrane Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science and the Scientific Electronic Library Online.RESULTS: 646 primary studies were identified, 69 were evaluated and nine were selected, referring to the use of the hydrocolloid dressing in healing; of these, four studies allowed meta-analysis. There was no statistically significant difference between the hydrocolloid group and the foams group (p value=0.84; Odds Ratio 1.06, CI 95% 0.61-1.86. A slight superiority of the polyurethane dressings was observed in relation to the hydrocolloid dressings.CONCLUSION: the evidence is not sufficient to affirm whether the efficacy of hydrocolloid dressings is superior to that of other dressings. It is suggested that clinical randomized trials be undertaken so as to ascertain the efficacy of this intervention in the healing of pressure ulcers, in relation to other treatments.

  15. The effectiveness of hydrocolloid dressings versus other dressings in the healing of pressure ulcers in adults and older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pott, Franciele Soares; Meier, Marineli Joaquim; Stocco, Janislei Giseli Dorociak; Crozeta, Karla; Ribas, Janyne Dayane

    2014-01-01

    Objective to evaluate the effectiveness of hydrocolloids in the healing of pressure ulcers in adult and older adult patients. Method systematic review with meta-analysis, based on the recommendations of the Cochrane Handbook. The search was undertaken in the databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Cochrane Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science and the Scientific Electronic Library Online. Results 646 primary studies were identified, 69 were evaluated and nine were selected, referring to the use of the hydrocolloid dressing in healing; of these, four studies allowed meta-analysis. There was no statistically significant difference between the hydrocolloid group and the foams group (p value=0.84; Odds Ratio 1.06, CI 95% 0.61-1.86). A slight superiority of the polyurethane dressings was observed in relation to the hydrocolloid dressings. Conclusion the evidence is not sufficient to affirm whether the efficacy of hydrocolloid dressings is superior to that of other dressings. It is suggested that clinical randomized trials be undertaken so as to ascertain the efficacy of this intervention in the healing of pressure ulcers, in relation to other treatments. PMID:25029065

  16. Hydrocellular foam dressings promote wound healing associated with decrease in inflammation in rat periwound skin and granulation tissue, compared with hydrocolloid dressings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamane, Takumi; Nakagami, Gojiro; Yoshino, Sawako; Shimura, Mari; Kitamura, Aya; Kobayashi-Hattori, Kazuo; Oishi, Yuichi; Nishijima, Yoshimi; Minematsu, Takeo; Sanada, Hiromi

    2015-01-01

    The effects of modern dressings on inflammation, which represent the earliest phase of wound healing, are poorly understood. We investigated the effects of modern hydrocellular foam dressings (HCFs) on wound healing and on the gene expression levels of the inflammatory markers--interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-10--in rat periwound skin and granulation tissue by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. HCF absorbed significantly higher volume of water than hydrocolloid dressing (HCD) and increased the contraction of wounds. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils were massively infiltrated to the wound edge and boarded between granulation and dermis in the HCD group. IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-10 mRNA levels were significantly decreased in the periwound skin around the wounds and granulation tissue covered with HCF. These findings suggest that HCF may promote wound healing along with decrease in inflammation by reducing gene expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-10. PMID:25420023

  17. Early use of negative pressure therapy in combination with silver dressings in a difficult breast abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Alastair J; Hagelstein, Sue M; Patel, Girish K; Ivins, Nicola M; Sweetland, Helen M; Harding, Keith G

    2011-12-01

    Combining silver-based dressings with negative pressure therapy after radical excision of chronically infected breast disease is a novel application of two technologies. One patient with complex, chronic, infected breast disease underwent radical excision of the affected area and was treated early with a combination of silver-based dressings and topical negative pressure therapy. The wound was then assessed sequentially using clinical measurements of wound area and depth, pain severity scores and level of exudation. It is possible to combine accepted techniques with modern dressing technologies that result in a positive outcome. In this case, the combination of a silver-based dressing with negative pressure therapy following radical excision proved safe and was well tolerated by the patient. Full epithelisation of the wound was achieved and there was no recurrence of the infection for the duration of the treatment. PMID:21883932

  18. Texture and mouthfeel of semi-solid foods : commercial mayonnaises, dressings, custard desserts and warm sauces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weenen, H.; Gemert, van L.J.; Doorn, van J.M.; Dijksterhuis, G.B.; Wijk, de R.A.

    2003-01-01

    Texture and mouthfeel sensations of three groups of semisolid foodstuffs (mayonnaises and dressings, custard desserts and warm sauces) were characterised, measured, evaluated and compared based on quantitative descriptive sensory analysis of commercial products. Six groups of texture attributes were

  19. Texture and mouthfeel of semisolid foods: Commercial mayonnaises, dressings, custard desserts and warm sauces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weenen, H.; Gemert, L.J. van; Doorn, J.M. van; Dijksterhuis, G.B.; Wijk, R.A. de

    2003-01-01

    Texture and mouthfeel sensations of three groups of semisolid foodstuffs (mayonnaises and dressings, custard desserts and warm sauces) were characterised, measured, evaluated and compared based on quantitative descriptive sensory analysis of commercial products. Six groups of texture attributes were

  20. Silicon light-emitting diodes and lasers photon breeding devices using dressed photons

    CERN Document Server

    Ohtsu, Motoichi

    2016-01-01

    This book focuses on a novel phenomenon named photon breeding. It is applied to realizing light-emitting diodes and lasers made of indirect-transition-type silicon bulk crystals in which the light-emission principle is based on dressed photons. After presenting physical pictures of dressed photons and dressed-photon phonons, the principle of light emission by using dressed-photon phonons is reviewed. A novel phenomenon named photon breeding is also reviewed. Next, the fabrication and operation of light emitting diodes and lasers are described The role of coherent phonons in these devices is discussed. Finally, light-emitting diodes using other relevant crystals are described and other relevant devices are also reviewed.

  1. Effect of a Small Current Quark Mass on Dressed Gluon and Quark Propagator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Feng-Yao; GU Jian-Zhong; ZONG Hong-Shi; L(U)Xiao-Fu

    2004-01-01

    Based on the Dyson-Schwinger approach, a method for obtaining the small current quark mass effect on the dressed gluon and quark propagator is developed. A comparison with the results of the previous approach is given.

  2. Efficient preparation and detection of microwave dressed-state qubits and qutrits with trapped ions

    CERN Document Server

    Randall, J; Standing, E D; Lake, K; Webster, S C; Murgia, D F; Navickas, T; Roth, K; Hensinger, W K

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate a novel method for preparing and detecting all eigenstates of a three-level microwave dressed system with a single trapped ion. The method significantly reduces the experimental complexity of gate operations with dressed-state qubits, as well as allowing all three of the dressed-states to be prepared and detected, thereby providing access to a qutrit that is well protected from magnetic field noise. In addition, we demonstrate individual addressing of the clock transitions in two ions using a strong static magnetic field gradient, showing that our method can be used to prepare and detect microwave dressed-states in a string of ions when performing multi-ion quantum operations with microwave and radio frequency fields. The individual addressability of clock transitions could also allow for the control of pairwise interaction strengths between arbitrary ions in a string using lasers.

  3. A Comparative Study of Honey and Phenytoin Dressings for Chronic Wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubhashi, Siddharth P; Sindwani, Rajat D

    2015-12-01

    Chronic wounds are a common problem faced by health care professionals, both in the community and in the hospital setting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of honey and phenytoin with respect to the process of wound healing, eradication of infection, pain relief and hospital stay. The study included 150 patients, 3 groups of 50 each (group A, honey dressing; group B, phenytoin dressing; group C, saline dressing). The appearance of granulation tissue was faster with significant wound area reduction after 3 weeks in groups A and B compared to group C. Eradication of infection was evident earlier in the honey- and phenytoin-treated groups along with significant pain relief as compared to that of group C. The outcomes of the use of honey and phenytoin as wound dressings are beneficial and comparable. Honey provides quicker pain relief and removes malodour more effectively. PMID:27011538

  4. A CLINICAL STUDY ON EFFICACY OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SILVER DRESSING IN DIABETIC FOOT ULCERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramanaiah

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is the highest risk factors associated with limb threatening ischemia. Foot ulceration and infection are the major causes of hospi talization in people with diabetes. Signs of infections in these lesions are likely to be masked as people with diabetes may not show typical inflammatory response to infection. Despite this inherent difficulty, diagnosis of infection is essentially clinic al. In addition infection of diabetic foot often involves superficial and deep tissues, including bone. Dressings have a part to play in the management of wounds. They traditionally provide a moist wound environment, handle excessive exudate, aid in debrid ement, and promote disorganised, stalled healing. The control of infection remains a major challenge. Nano - technology makes it possible to expand the surface area of Silver particles markedly to Nano scale. They markedly expand the surface area of silver p articles, increasing their contact with bacteria or fungi, and vastly improving its bactericidal and fungicidal effectiveness. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To study the efficacy of Nano crystalline silver in the management of diabetic foot ulcer. 2. To compare time required for healing of diabetic foot ulcer with Nano crystalline silver against conventional dressing. 3. Numbe r of Nano crystalline silver dressin g required in comparison with conventional dressing. STUDY DESIGN : Prospective and observational study. SAMPLE SIZE: 100 cases were studied prospectively. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Patients aged more than 20years with diabetic foot ulcer, Ulcers of size less than 10×10 cm. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Clinical signs of infection, cellulites; X - ray showing Osteomyelitis. Doppler showing atherosclerosis and varicosities. U ncontrolled diabetes, significant medical diseases. Patients on steroids, immunosuppressive agents, radiation, or chemotherapy. STUDY SETTING: S. V. R. R. G. G. Hospital, Tirupati. STUDY PERIOD : From Jan 2013 till November

  5. Optical Properties of TiO2 Nanoparticles Dressed on MWCNT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Optical properties of TiO2 nanoparticles dressed on the surface of Multi walled CNT (MWCNT) have been investigated. The samples were prepared using modified microwave method and characterized using TEM, XRD and UV-Vis spectroscopy. A clear interface between MWCNT and TiO2 indicated strong attachment between these two nano structures. Significant change in absorption spectra proved the absorption wavelength and energy gap of TiO2 nano structures can be controlled via dressing of MWCNT. (author)

  6. Corpographie: dress-code pragmatiche cosmetiche in between body-scape e location

    OpenAIRE

    Massimo Canevacci

    2004-01-01

    Dress-code apre verso le polifonie autorappresentative del soggetto che sfida ogni identità fissa, compatta, unitaria, gioca con ironia/parodia con gli stili (etnico, dark, punk, fetish, folk, cosmopolita, ecc.), ibridizza il corpo come opus che assembla pelle, oggettistica, cosmetica, sensoralia; dialoga, evoca, cita, indossa, crea lo spazio entro il quale si muove. Nel dress-code ogni tratto non ha un significato codificato dall'uso (moda), tanto meno inconscio. I simboli sono imbrogliati e...

  7. Relationship between dressing and motor function in stroke patients: a study with partial correlation analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Fujita, Takaaki; Sato, Atsushi; Yamamoto, Yuichi; Yamane, Kazuhiro; Otsuki, Koji; Tsuchiya, Kenji; Tozato, Fusae

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of the present study was to elucidate which motor functions are most or more important for dressing performance before and after rehabilitation. [Subjects] Seventy-nine first episode stroke patients in a hospital convalescent rehabilitation ward. [Methods] The relationships between motor function of the affected upper and lower limbs, unaffected side function, trunk function, balance, cognitive function, and independence level in dressing were examined at admission and disch...

  8. Hierarchy of Dysfunction Related to Dressing Performance in Stroke Patients: A Path Analysis Study

    OpenAIRE

    Fujita, Takaaki; Nagayama, Hirofumi; Sato, Atsushi; Yamamoto, Yuichi; Yamane, Kazuhiro; Otsuki, Koji; Tsuchiya, Kenji; Tozato, Fusae

    2016-01-01

    Previous reports indicated that various dysfunctions caused by stroke affect the level of independence in dressing. These dysfunctions can be hierarchical, and these effects on dressing performance can be complicated in stroke patients. However, there are no published reports focusing on the hierarchical structure of the relationships between the activities of daily living and balance function, motor and sensory functions of the affected lower limb, strength of the abdominal muscles and knee ...

  9. Formulation of Novel Layered Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose Film Wound Dressings with Ibuprofen for Alleviating Wound Pain

    OpenAIRE

    Lenka Vinklárková; Ruta Masteiková; David Vetchý; Petr Doležel; Jurga Bernatonienė

    2015-01-01

    Effective assessment and management of wound pain can facilitate both improvements in healing rates and overall quality of life. From a pharmacological perspective, topical application of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of film wound dressings may be a good choice. Thus, the aim of this work was to develop novel layered film wound dressings containing ibuprofen based on partially substituted fibrous sodium carboxymethylcellulose (nonwoven textile Hcel NaT). To this end, an in...

  10. Which dressing do donor site wounds need?: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Ubbink Dirk T; Gerbens Louise AA; Brölmann Fleur E; Eskes Anne M; Vermeulen Hester

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Donor site wounds after split-skin grafting are rather 'standard' wounds. At present, lots of dressings and topical agents for donor site wounds are commercially available. This causes large variation in the local care of these wounds, while the optimum 'standard' dressing for local wound care is unclear. This protocol describes a trial in which we investigate the effectiveness of various treatment options for these donor site wounds. Methods A 14-center, six-armed randomi...

  11. Prevalence, antibiogram and risk factors of thermophilic campylobacter spp. in dressed porcine carcass of Chitwan, Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Ghimire, Laxman; Singh, Dinesh Kumar; Basnet, Hom Bahadur; Bhattarai, Rebanta Kumar; Dhakal, Santosh; Sharma, Bishwas

    2014-01-01

    Background Campylobacter is the primary cause of food borne gastroenteritis. Moreover, the emergence of multiple drug resistant campylobacters from poultry and pork has produced a potential threat to public health. Research addressing these issues is sparse in Nepal. So, this cross-sectional study aims at determining the prevalence, antibiogram and risk factors of campylobacters from dressed porcine carcass of Chitwan, Nepal. Results We collected 139 samples of dressed porcine carcass from 10...

  12. [Smartphone applications for choosing dressings, a survey of private practice nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masson, Raphaël; Léonel, Florence; Téot, Luc

    2016-04-01

    Nurses are often on the frontline regarding the choice of dressing for chronic wounds. In this age of connected health, numerous tools are available to help them or guide them in their choices. A study was carried out in 2015 to assess the perceptions and practices of private practice nurses with regard to the use of smartphone applications to help them choose a dressing when treating chronic wounds. PMID:27085919

  13. Dressing method for the vector sine-Gordon equation and its soliton interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhailov, Alexander V.; Papamikos, Georgios; Wang, Jing Ping

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we develop the dressing method to study the exact solutions for the vector sine-Gordon equation. The explicit formulas for one kink and one breather are derived. The method can be used to construct multi-soliton solutions. Two soliton interactions are also studied. The formulas for position shift of the kink and position and phase shifts of the breather are given. These quantities only depend on the pole positions of the dressing matrices.

  14. Development and in vitro evaluation of chitosan-Eudragit RS 30D composite wound dressings

    OpenAIRE

    Wittaya-Areekul, Sakchai; Prahsarn, Chureerat; Sungthongjeen, Srisagul

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to design and evaluate chitosan-based films intended for wound dressing application. Required properties for successful wound dressing, such as liquid uptake, vapor and oxygen penetration, bioadhesiveness, and film elasticity, were examined. Water uptake and vapor penetration of the films were determined gravimetrically, while oxygen penetration was determined by Winkler’s method. The bioadhesive properties were determined with an in-house pulley system instru...

  15. Microstructure, Physical Stability, and Rheological Properties of Salad Dressing Emulsions Supplemented with Various Pulse Flours

    OpenAIRE

    Zhen Ma; Boye, Joyce I.

    2013-01-01

    Significant opportunities exist for using pulses in the development of health promoting foods as consumers increasingly look for functional foods with disease prevention qualities. Pulse ingredients could be considered for use in the development of novel, value-added products such as salad dressing. In this study, the rheological properties, color, physical stability, and microstructure of model salad dressing emulsions supplemented with various types of pulse flours (red lentil, green lentil...

  16. Biocompatibility Evaluation of a New Hydrogel Dressing Based on Polyvinylpyrrolidone/Polyethylene Glycol

    OpenAIRE

    Esmaeil Biazar; Ziba Roveimiab; Gholamreza Shahhosseini; Mohammadreza Khataminezhad; Mandana Zafari; Ali Majdi

    2012-01-01

    The composition of the dressings is based on polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and agar. The electron beam irradiation technique has been used to prepare hydrogel wound dressings. The in vitro biocompatibility of the hydrogel was investigated by check samples (hydrocolloid Comfeel), antibacterial test (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia Coli k12), anti fungal test (Candida Albicans) and cytotoxicity test (Fibroblast L929...

  17. Gelam (Melaleuca spp.) Honey-Based Hydrogel as Burn Wound Dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Rozaini Mohd Zohdi; Zuki Abu Bakar Zakaria; Norimah Yusof; Noordin Mohamed Mustapha; Muhammad Nazrul Hakim Abdullah

    2012-01-01

    A novel cross-linked honey hydrogel dressing was developed by incorporating Malaysian honey into hydrogel dressing formulation, cross-linked and sterilized using electron beam irradiation (25 kGy). In this study, the physical properties of the prepared honey hydrogel and its wound healing efficacy on deep partial thickness burn wounds in rats were assessed. Skin samples were taken at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after burn for histopathological and molecular evaluations. Application of honey hydrog...

  18. A comparison of the efficacy and cost of different venous leg ulcer dressings: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Syed M Asim

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of simple nonadherent dressings with other more expensive dressing types in the treatment of venous leg ulcers. Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Location. The leg ulcer clinic at the University Hospital of South Manchester. Subjects and Methods. The healing rates of twelve leg ulcer patients treated with simple nonadherent dressings (e.g., NA Ultra) were compared with an equal number of patients treated with modern dressings to determine differences in healing rates and cost. Main Outcome Measures. Rate of healing as determined by reduction in ulcer area over a specified period of time and total cost of dressing per patient. Results. Simple nonadherent dressings had a mean healing rate of 0.353 cm(2)/week (standard deviation ± 0.319) compared with a mean of 0.415 cm(2)/week (standard deviation ± 0.383) for more expensive dressings. This resulted in a one-tailed p value of 0.251 and a two-tailed p value of 0.508. Multiple regression analysis gave a significance F of 0.8134. Conclusion. The results indicate that the difference in healing rate between simple and modern dressings is not statistically significant. Therefore, the cost of dressing type should be an important factor influencing dressing selection. PMID:25954532

  19. Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a theoretical study of transient absorption and reshaping of extreme ultraviolet (XUV) pulses by helium atoms dressed with a moderately strong infrared (IR) laser field. We formulate the atomic response using both the frequency-dependent absorption cross section and a time-frequency approach based on the time-dependent dipole induced by the light fields. The latter approach can be used in cases when an ultrafast dressing pulse induces transient effects, and/or when the atom exchanges energy with multiple frequency components of the XUV field. We first characterize the dressed atom response by calculating the frequency-dependent absorption cross section for XUV energies between 20 and 24 eV for several dressing wavelengths between 400 and 2000 nm and intensities up to 1012 W/cm2. We find that for dressing wavelengths near 1600 nm, there is an Autler-Townes splitting of the 1s→2p transition that can potentially lead to transparency for absorption of XUV light tuned to this transition. We study the effect of this XUV transparency in a macroscopic helium gas by incorporating the time-frequency approach into a solution of the coupled Maxwell-Schroedinger equations. We find rich temporal reshaping dynamics when a 61-fs XUV pulse resonant with the 1s→2p transition propagates through a helium gas dressed by an 11-fs, 1600-nm laser pulse.

  20. Randomized Comparison of Dry Dressings Versus Hydrogel in Management of Radiation-Induced Moist Desquamation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: We present the results of a randomized controlled clinical trial that evaluated the effect of a hydrogel or dry dressing on the time to healing of moist desquamation after radiotherapy to the head-and-neck, breast, or anorectal areas. Methods and Materials: A total of 357 patients were randomized before radiotherapy to receive simple dry dressings (Tricotex) or a hydrogel (Intrasite), with Tricotex as a secondary dressing. Patients were instructed to use their dressings from the onset of moist desquamation, if it occurred. Results: Of the 357 patients, 100 (28%) developed moist desquamation. The time to healing was significantly prolonged (hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.42-0.99), in patients assigned to gel dressings. No evidence was found that gel dressings had a significant impact on subjectively reported skin symptoms. Conclusion: The results of this study have not supported the routine use of hydrogels in the care of patients with moist desquamation and suggests that the healing times are prolonged, without any improvement in patient comfort

  1. Antimicrobial dressing efficacy against mature Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm on porcine skin explants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Priscilla L; Yang, Qingping; Davis, Stephen; Sampson, Edith M; Azeke, John I; Hamad, Afifa; Schultz, Gregory S

    2015-08-01

    An ex vivo porcine skin explant biofilm model that preserves key properties of biofilm attached to skin at different levels of maturity (0-3 days) was used to assess the efficacy of commercially available antimicrobial dressings and topical treatments. Assays were also performed on the subpopulation of antibiotic tolerant biofilm generated by 24 hours of pre-treatment with gentamicin (120× minimal inhibitory concentration) prior to agent exposure. Five types of antimicrobial agents (iodine, silver, polyhexamethylene biguanide, honey and ethanol) and four types of moisture dressings (cotton gauze, sodium carboxymethylcellulose fibre, calcium alginate fibre and cadexomer beads) were assessed. Time-release silver gel and cadexomer iodine dressings were the most effective in reducing mature biofilm [between 5 and 7 logarithmic (log) of 7-log total], whereas all other dressing formulations reduced biofilm between 0·3 and 2 log in 24 or 72 hours with a single exposure. Similar results were found after 24-hour exposure to silver release dressings using an in vivo pig burn wound model, demonstrating correlation between the ex vivo and in vivo models. Results of this study indicate that commonly used microbicidal wound dressings vary widely in their ability to kill mature biofilm and the efficacy is influenced by time of exposure, number of applications, moisture level and agent formulation (sustained release). PMID:24028432

  2. Egg white/poly (vinyl alcohol)/MMT nanocomposite hydrogels for wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahani-Javanmardi, Azinsadat; Sirousazar, Mohammad; Shaabani, Yasaman; Kheiri, Farshad

    2016-08-01

    Nanocomposite hydrogels on the basis of egg white and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) containing 0, 5, and 10 wt.% of montmorillonite (MMT) nanoclay were prepared by a facile cyclic freezing-thawing technique and their properties investigated for wound dressing application. The morphological, structural, thermal, physical, and in vitro cytotoxic properties of the prepared nanocomposite hydrogel wound dressings (NHWDs) were experimentally studied. The NHWDs had an exfoliated morphology with a porous structure having pores sizes in the nanometric scale. It was shown that MMT acted as cross-linker in the network of NHWDs and improved their thermal stabilities. The prepared wound dressings were transparent and their equilibrium water contents and water vapor transmission rates, as two important factors of wound dressings, were very close to the properties of human skin which means that the prepared wound dressings could interact appropriately with the damaged tissues of wounds and protect them like an artificial skin during the wound healing process. The in vitro cytotoxicity assay also confirmed the non-cytotoxic nature of the prepared NHWDs. It was finally concluded that the prepared egg white/PVA/MMT nanocomposite hydrogels are promising materials to be used as novel wound dressings in wound and burn care. PMID:27193240

  3. Guanidine hydrochloride embedded polyurethanes as antimicrobial and absorptive wound dressing membranes with promising cytocompatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahraro, Maryam; Yeganeh, Hamid; Sorayya, Marziyeh

    2016-02-01

    Preparation and assessments of novel absorptive wound dressing materials with efficient antimicrobial activity as well as very good cytocompatibility were described in this work. An amine terminated poly(hexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride) was prepared and used as curing agent of different epoxy-terminated polyurethane prepolymers. The structures of prepared materials were elucidated by evaluation of their (1)H NMR and FTIR spectra. The recorded tensile strength of membranes confirmed the excellent dimensional stability of the film type dressings even at fully hydrated conditions. Therefore, these dressings could protect the wound bed from external forces during the healing period. The structurally optimized dressing membranes could preserve the desired moist environment over the wounded area, as a result of their balanced equilibrium, water absorption and water vapor transmission rate. Therefore, a very good condition for stimulation of self-healing of wound bed was attained. Also, owing to the presence of guanidine hydrochloride moieties embedded into the structure of dressings, efficient antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans were detected. In vitro cytotoxicity assay of the prepared dressings revealed cytocompatibility of these materials against fibroblast cells. Therefore, they could support cell growth and proliferation at the wounded area. PMID:26652461

  4. Effect of Periodontal Dressing on Wound Healing and Patient Satisfaction Following Periodontal Flap Surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Soheilifar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available It has been claimed that periodontal dressing reduces the risk of wound infection, bleeding and granulation tissue formation and improves tissue healing. This study sought to assess the effect of periodontal dressing on wound healing and patient satisfaction following periodontal flap surgery.This clinical trial was conducted on 33 patients presenting to Hamadan University, School of Dentistry in 2012 whose treatment plan included two periodontal surgical procedures on both quadrants of the maxilla or mandible. The variables evaluated were severity of pain, bleeding, facial swelling and ease of nutrition experienced by patient during the first 3 days after surgery and inflammation, granulation tissue formation and gingival color at 7 and 14 days. Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 and R software and chi-square and t-tests.The mean (±SD pain score was 1.73±1.153 and 2.79±1.933 in surgical sites with and without periodontal dressing, respectively and this difference was statistically significant (P=0.005. No significant difference was noted between sites with and without periodontal dressing in terms of swelling, bleeding, gingival consistency, granulation tissue formation, gingival color and ease of nutrition (P>0.05.According to the results of the present study, patients did not experience more bleeding, facial swelling or nutritional problems without periodontal dressing; however, the level of pain experienced was lower after surgeries with the use of periodontal dressing.

  5. Chlorhexidine and gauze and tape dressings for central venous catheters: a randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edivane Pedrolo

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to assess the effectiveness of the chlorhexidine antimicrobial dressing in comparison to the gauze and tape dressing in the use of central venous catheters.METHOD: a randomized clinical trial was conducted in the intensive care and adult semi intensive care units of a university hospital in the south of Brazil. The subjects were patients using short-term central venous catheters, randomly assigned to the intervention (chlorhexidine antimicrobial dressing or control (gauze and micro porous tape groups.RESULTS: a total of 85 patients were included: 43 in the intervention group and 42 in the control group. No statistically significant differences were found between dressings in regard to the occurrence of: primary bloodstream infections (p-value = 0.5170; local reactions to the dressing (p-value = 0.3774; and dressing fixation (p-value = 0.2739.CONCLUSION: both technologies are effective in covering central venous catheters in regard to the investigated variables and can be used for this purpose. Registry ECR: RBR-7b5ycz.

  6. Effect of nitrous oxide on fentanyl consumption in burned patients undergoing dressing change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Halley Barbosa do Vale

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Thermal injuries and injured areas management are important causes of pain in burned patients, requiring that these patients are constantly undergoing general anesthesia for dressing change. Nitrous oxide (N2O has analgesic and sedative properties; it is easy to use and widely available. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effect of N2O combined with fentanyl in burned patients during dressing change. METHOD: After approval by the institutional Ethics Committee, 15 adult burned patients requiring daily dressing change were evaluated. Patient analgesia was controlled with fentanyl 0.0005% administered by intravenous pump infusion on-demand. Randomly, in one of the days a mixture of 65% N2O in oxygen (O2 was associated via mask, with a flow of 10 L/min (N2O group and on the other day only O2 under the same flow (control group. RESULTS: No significant pain reduction was seen in N2O group compared to control group. VAS score before dressing change was 4.07 and 3.4, respectively, in N2O and control groups. Regarding pain at the end of the dressing, patients in N2O group reported pain severity of 2.8; while the control group reported 2.87. There was no significant difference in fentanyl consumption in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: The association of N2O was not effective in reducing opioid consumption during dressing changes.

  7. Radiolytic Synthesis of Colloidal Silver Nanoparticles for Antibacterial Wound Dressings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pimpon Uttayarat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Radiolytic synthesis provides a convenient and environmentally-friendly approach to prepare metallic nanoparticles in large scale with narrow size distribution. In this report, colloidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs were synthesized by gamma radiation using poly(vinyl alcohol (PVA or silk fibroin (SF as stabilizers and were evaluated for their antibacterial properties. The conversion of metallic silver ions to silver atoms depended on irradiation dose and stabilizer concentration as determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry and transmission electron microscopy. The uniformly dispersed AgNPs with diameter 32.3 ± 4.40 nm were evaluated as antiseptic agents in films composed of chitosan, SF, and PVA that were processed by irradiation-induced crosslinking. Using disc diffusion assay, the films containing 432 ppm AgNPs could effectively inhibit the growth of both Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Therefore, we have demonstrated in our present study that gamma radiation technique can potentially be applied in the mass production of antibacterial wound dressings.

  8. Revealing dressed quarks via the proton's charge distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloët, Ian C; Roberts, Craig D; Thomas, Anthony W

    2013-09-01

    The proton is arguably the most fundamental of nature's readily detectable building blocks. It is at the heart of every nucleus and has never been observed to decay. It is nevertheless a composite object, defined by its valence-quark content: u+u+d--i.e., two up (u) quarks and one down (d) quark; and the manner by which they influence, inter alia, the distribution of charge and magnetization within this bound state. Much of novelty has recently been learned about these distributions; and it now appears possible that the proton's momentum-space charge distribution possesses a zero. Experiments in the coming decade should answer critical questions posed by this and related advances; we explain how such new information may assist in charting the origin and impact of key emergent phenomena within the strong interaction. Specifically, we show that the possible existence and location of a zero in the proton's electric form factor are a measure of nonperturbative features of the quark-quark interaction in the standard model, with particular sensitivity to the running of the dressed-quark mass. PMID:25166653

  9. X-ray refractive index of laser-dressed atoms

    CERN Document Server

    Buth, Christian

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the complex index of refraction in the x-ray regime of atoms in laser light. The laser (intensity up to 10^13 W/cm^2, 800nm) modifies the atomic states but, by assumption, does not excite or ionize the atoms in their electronic ground state. Using quantum electrodynamics, we devise an ab initio theory to calculate the dynamic dipole polarizability and the photoabsorption cross section, which are subsequently used to determine the real and imaginary part, respectively, of the refractive index. The interaction with the laser is treated nonperturbatively; the x-ray interaction is described in terms of a one-photon process. We numerically solve the resolvents involved using a single-vector Lanczos algorithm. Finally, we formulate rate equations to copropagate a laser and an x-ray pulse through a gas cell. Our theory is applied to argon. We study the x-ray polarizability and absorption near the argon K edge over a large range of dressing-laser intensities. We find electromagnetically induced transp...

  10. Theory of dressed bosons and nuclear matter distributions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of nuclei with large neutron or proton-neutron excess, i.e., with large isospin components, is investigated in the Boson Dynamic Correlation Model where the valence particle pairs are dressed by their interactions with the microscopic clusters of the core. The mixed-mode states of the model are the eigenstates of a set of nonlinear equations. We solve these equations in terms of the cluster factorizations that are introduced to compute the n-boson matrix elements. Our calculation of the energy levels of 18O reveals a strong mixing between the valence and core clusters which leads to a large reduction of the spectroscopic factors as calculated in Shell-Model approximations. The coupling of valence- to core-clusters gives a new insight into the halo formation in neutron-rich nuclei, namely, the halo is also a consequence of the excitation of the core protons. The calculated matter distributions of 6He and 6Li exhibit strong similarities, which indicate that halo formation in nuclei with proton-neutron excess must be postulated. The matter distributions of these two isotopes reproduce well the differential cross sections obtained in the proton elastic scattering experiments performed at GSI in inverse kinematics at an energy of 0.7 GeV/u. (orig.)

  11. Dressed skeleton expansion and the coupling scale ambiguity problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perturbative expansions in quantum field theories are usually expressed in powers of a coupling constant. In principle, the infinite sum of the expansion series is independent of the renormalization scale of the coupling constant. In practice, there is a remnant dependence of the truncated series on the renormalization scale. This scale ambiguity can severely restrict the predictive power of theoretical calculations. The dressed skeleton expansion is developed as a calculational method which avoids the coupling scale ambiguity problem. In this method, physical quantities are expressed as functional expansions in terms of a coupling vertex function. The arguments of the vertex function are given by the physical momenta of each process. These physical momenta effectively replace the unspecified renormalization scale and eliminate the ambiguity problem. This method is applied to various field theoretical models and its main features and limitations are explored. For quantum chromodynamics, an expression for the running coupling constant of the three-gluon vertex is obtained. The effective coupling scale of this vertex is shown to be essentially given by μ2 ∼ Qmin2Qmed2/Qmax2 where Qmin2Qmed2/Qmax2 are respectively the smallest, the next-to-smallest and the largest scale among the three gluon virtualities. This functional form suggests that the three-gluon vertex becomes non-perturbative at asymmetric momentum configurations. Implications for four-jet physics is discussed

  12. The citotoxicity of calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing by MTT assay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanik Zubaidah

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Calcium hydroxide had been used as the intracanal dressing in endodontic treatment due to its high alkaline and high antimicrobial capacity. It also be able to dissolve the necrotic tissue, prevent the root resorbtion and regenerate a new hard tissue. The aim of this study is to identify the concentration of calcium hydroxide that has the lowest citotoxicity. There are 5 groups, each group had 8 samples with different concentration of calcium hydroxide. Group I: 50%, Group II: 55%, Group III: 60%, Group IV: 65% and Group V: 70%. The citotoxicity test by using enzymatic assay of MTT [3-(4.5- dimethylthiazol-2yl ]-2.5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide, against fibroblast cell (BHK-21. The result of susceptibility test was showed by the citotoxicity detection of the survive cell of fibroblast that was measured spectrophotometrically using 595 nm beam. The data was analyzed using One-Way ANOVA test with significant difference α = 0.05 and subsequently LSD test. The result showed that in concentration 50%, 55%, 60%, 65%, and 70% calcium hydroxide had low toxicity, but calcium hydroxide 60%, had the lowest toxicity.

  13. Alginate Hydrogels Coated with Chitosan for Wound Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Straccia

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this work, a coating of chitosan onto alginate hydrogels was realized using the water-soluble hydrochloride form of chitosan (CH-Cl, with the dual purpose of imparting antibacterial activity and delaying the release of hydrophilic molecules from the alginate matrix. Alginate hydrogels with different calcium contents were prepared by the internal setting method and coated by immersion in a CH-Cl solution. Structural analysis by cryo-scanning electron microscopy was carried out to highlight morphological alterations due to the coating layer. Tests in vitro with human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC were assessed to check the absence of toxicity of CH-Cl. Swelling, stability in physiological solution and release characteristics using rhodamine B as the hydrophilic model drug were compared to those of relative uncoated hydrogels. Finally, antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli was tested. Results show that alginate hydrogels coated with chitosan hydrochloride described here can be proposed as a novel medicated dressing by associating intrinsic antimicrobial activity with improved sustained release characteristics.

  14. Study of wound dressing structure and hydration/dehydration properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugão, A. B.; Machado, L. D. B.; Miranda, L. F.; Alvarez, M. R.; Rosiak, J. M.

    1998-06-01

    Hydrogels manufactured by radio-induced crosslinking and simultaneous sterilisation of hydrogels of PVP, PEG and agar, according to the Rosiak method, have many desirable properties for using as wound dressings. However, some properties need to be improved or better controlled. The membranes need to be strong enough to be freely used. Another important property to be controlled is the capacity of absorption of exudate and the kinetics of drying. Therefore, it was necessary to understand the role of main parameters (agar, PVP, PEG concentration and dose) in the structure of the net and in the hydration and dehydration properties. The structure of the membranes was studied by sol analysis and the hydrating/dehydrating properties were studied by isothermal thermogravimetric analysis. The gel content for all samples were always in agreement with expected values considering that only PVP undergoes crosslinking. The hydrating and dehydration results did not show variation with the tested parameters. It was concluded that the network was solely composed of crosslinked PVP plasticezed by the other compounds. The properties of hydration/dehydration is related rather to diffusion than to capillarity or osmose and to the chemical retention of water in the polymeric matrix.

  15. Prospective cohort study on surgical wounds comparing a polyhexanide-containing biocellulose dressing with a dialkyl-carbamoyl-chloride-containing hydrophobic dressing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anna Marie; Andriessen, Anneke

    2012-01-01

    Postsurgery dressing changes in diabetic foot amputation wounds and surgical wounds healing by secondary intention are often conducted in the operating room under general anesthesia. A prospective comparative cohort study was performed in 60 patients (n = 60: n = 30/n = 30) with secondary...

  16. Evaluation of Six Split-thickness Skin Graft Donor-site Dressing Materials in a Swine Model

    OpenAIRE

    Pamela C. Masella, DO; Eric M. Balent, MD; Terri L. Carlson, DO; Karen W. Lee, BS; Lisa M. Pierce, DSc

    2014-01-01

    Background: Numerous dressings for split-thickness skin graft donor sites are commercially available with no conclusive evidence-based consensus regarding the optimal dressing choice. This study was conducted to identify which of 5 commonly used materials promotes wound healing most effectively for use on split-thickness donor sites in comparison with our standard dressing, Xeroform (petrolatum gauze). Methods: Twenty-four partial-thickness wounds were created on the backs of 4 pigs using ...

  17. GNPs-CS/KGM as Hemostatic First Aid Wound Dressing with Antibiotic Effect: In Vitro and In Vivo Study

    OpenAIRE

    Fan, Li; Cheng, Chong; Qiao, Youbei; Li, Fei; Li, Wei; Wu, Hong; Ren, Bo

    2013-01-01

    Ideal wound dressing materials should create a good healing environment, with immediate hemostatic effects and antimicrobial activity. In this study, chitosan/konjac glucomannan (CS/KGM) films embedded with gentamicin-loaded poly(dex-GMA/AAc) nanoparticles (giving GNP-CS/KGM films) were prepared as novel wound dressings. The results revealed that the modified CS/KGM films could be used as effective wound dressings and had significant hemostatic effects. With their microporous structure, the f...

  18. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Comparing Alginate Silver Dressing with Silver Zinc Sulfadiazine Cream in the Treatment of Pressure Ulcers

    OpenAIRE

    Apirag Chuangsuwanich; Peerasak Chortrakarnkij; Jupaporn Kangwanpoom

    2013-01-01

    Background The treatment of pressure ulcers is complicated, given the various wound dressing products available. The cost of different treatments varies and the cost-effectiveness of each product has not been thoroughly evaluated. We compare two wound dressing protocols-alginate silver dressing (AlSD) and silver zinc sulfadiazine cream (AgZnSD) with regard to wound healing and cost-effectiveness. Methods Patients with grade III or IV sacral or trochanteric pressure ulcers were eligible for th...

  19. Hierarchy of Dysfunction Related to Dressing Performance in Stroke Patients: A Path Analysis Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Takaaki; Nagayama, Hirofumi; Sato, Atsushi; Yamamoto, Yuichi; Yamane, Kazuhiro; Otsuki, Koji; Tsuchiya, Kenji; Tozato, Fusae

    2016-01-01

    Previous reports indicated that various dysfunctions caused by stroke affect the level of independence in dressing. These dysfunctions can be hierarchical, and these effects on dressing performance can be complicated in stroke patients. However, there are no published reports focusing on the hierarchical structure of the relationships between the activities of daily living and balance function, motor and sensory functions of the affected lower limb, strength of the abdominal muscles and knee extension on the unaffected side, and visuospatial deficits. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the hierarchical and causal relationships between dressing performance and these dysfunctions in stroke patients. This retrospective study included 104 first-time stroke patients. The causal relationship between the dressing performance and age, time post stroke, balance function, motor and sensory functions of the affected lower limb, strength of the abdominal muscles and knee extension on the unaffected side, and visuospatial deficits were examined using path analysis. A hypothetical path model was created based on previous studies, and the goodness of fit between the data and model were verified. A modified path model was created that achieved an almost perfect fit to the data. Balance function and abdominal muscle strength have direct effects on dressing performance, with standardized direct effect estimates of 0.78 and 0.15, respectively. Age, motor and sensory functions of the affected lower limb, and strength of abdominal muscle and knee extension on the unaffected side have indirect effects on dressing by influencing balance function. Our results suggest that dressing performance depends strongly on balance function, and it is mainly influenced by the motor function of the affected lower limb. PMID:26954499

  20. Clinical efficacy of dressings for treatment of heavily exuding chronic wounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wieg

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Cornelia Wiegand, Jörg Tittelbach, Uta-Christina Hipler, Peter Elsner Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Jena, Jena, Germany Abstract: The treatment of chronic ulcers is a complex issue and presents an increasing problem for caregivers everywhere. This is especially true in Germany, where more than 4 million chronic wounds are treated each year. Therapeutic decisions must be patient-centered and reflect wound etiology, localization, and healing status. The practice of using the same wound dressing during the entire healing period is no longer reasonable. Instead, multiple types of dressings may be needed for a single wound over its healing trajectory. Selection of the most appropriate dressing should be based on wound phase, depth, signs of infection, and level of exudate. Moisture balance is critical in wound care; dryness will hamper epithelial cell migration while excessive generation of fluid causes maceration at the wound margins. Hence, exudate management is a key issue in chronic wound therapy, particularly given that exudate from chronic wounds has a composition different from that of acute wound fluid. Several studies have shown that exudates from non-healing wounds contain significantly elevated levels of protease activity, increased formation of free radicals, and abundant amounts of proinflammatory cytokines, while concentrations of growth factors and protease inhibitors are markedly decreased. Application of dressings that remove and sequester excess amounts of wound fluid may not only help in restoring the correct balance of moisture, but also support the wound healing process by preventing tissue deterioration caused by abundant protease activity. Several types of dressings, such as hydrogels, hydrocolloids, alginates, hydrofibers, foams, and superabsorbent dressings, are reviewed here and evaluated with regard to their efficacy for highly exuding wounds. Keywords: chronic wounds, exuding, dressings, clinical efficacy 

  1. Effects of soil stripping and dressing for decontamination of radioactive materials on soil fertility of agricultural land

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farms that were highly contaminated with radioactive materials following the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident were decontaminated by removing topsoil and subsequently dressing with fresh soil. We investigated the chemical properties of soils following such decontamination on farms in Iitate village, Fukushima. The nitrogen content of dressed soil was considerably lower than that of the subsoil that was not stripped for decontamination, as a result of which the amount of dressed soil greatly affected the soil fertility of decontaminated farms. The potassium (K) content of soil differs markedly depending on the type of soil dressing material used; accordingly, the type of soil dressing material affected the soil K content on decontaminated farms. On most of the decontaminated farms where sandy soils were used as the soil dressing material, soil exchangeable K contents were less than 25 mg K2O/100 g, which is the criterion value for inhibiting cesium absorption in rice and soybean cultivation. However, even in the soil dressing material from agricultural land, soil K content after soil dressing was generally lower than that before soil dressing. During fallow management and at the restart of cultivation on decontaminated farms, it is important to know in advance the chemical properties of soil and take the necessary measures based on this information. (author)

  2. Hydrogel Dressing Prepared From PVA/PVP/KC/CMC By Gamma Irradiation And Some Results Of Pre-Clinical Trial

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrogel dressings were prepared from polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), kappa carrageenan (KC) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) by gamma irradiation. The characteristics of prepared hydrogel dressing are suitable for covering and healing burn/wound of skin. The obtained results of pre-clinical trials showed that hydrogel dressing did not cause skin irritation, the healing time of the third-degree burn covered hydrogel dressing was faster than 5 days to compared the burn covered pool-oil soaked gauze. The healing process of the burned skin area was estimated in pictorial histology. (author)

  3. Dressed skeleton expansion and the coupling scale ambiguity problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Hung Jung

    1992-09-01

    Perturbative expansions in quantum field theories are usually expressed in powers of a coupling constant. In principle, the infinite sum of the expansion series is independent of the renormalization scale of the coupling constant. In practice, there is a remnant dependence of the truncated series on the renormalization scale. This scale ambiguity can severely restrict the predictive power of theoretical calculations. The dressed skeleton expansion is developed as a calculational method which avoids the coupling scale ambiguity problem. In this method, physical quantities are expressed as functional expansions in terms of a coupling vertex function. The arguments of the vertex function are given by the physical momenta of each process. These physical momenta effectively replace the unspecified renormalization scale and eliminate the ambiguity problem. This method is applied to various field theoretical models and its main features and limitations are explored. For quantum chromodynamics, an expression for the running coupling constant of the three-gluon vertex is obtained. The effective coupling scale of this vertex is shown to be essentially given by {mu}{sup 2} {approximately} Q{sub min}{sup 2}Q{sub med}{sup 2}/Q{sub max}{sup 2} where Q{sub min}{sup 2}Q{sub med}{sup 2}/Q{sub max}{sup 2} are respectively the smallest, the next-to-smallest and the largest scale among the three gluon virtualities. This functional form suggests that the three-gluon vertex becomes non-perturbative at asymmetric momentum configurations. Implications for four-jet physics is discussed.

  4. Agar/collagen membrane as skin dressing for wounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agar, a highly hydrophilic polymer, has a special gel property and favorable biocompatibility, but moderate intension strength in an aqueous condition and a low degradation rate. In order to tailor both properties of mechanical intension and degradation, type I collagen was composited with agar in a certain ratio by drying at 50 0C or by a freeze-dry process. Glutaraldehyde was chosen as a crosslinking agent, and the most favorable condition for crosslinking was that the weight ratio of agar to glutaraldehyde was 66.7 and the pH value about 5. Dynamic mechanical analysis results showed that the single agar membrane had a modulus value between 640 MPa and 1064 MPa, but it was between 340 MPa and 819 MPa after being composited with type I collagen. It was discovered under an optical microscope that the pores were interconnected in the composite scaffolds instead of the honeycomb-like pores in a single type I collagen scaffold or the laminated gaps in a single agar scaffold. The results of an acute toxicity test disclosed that the composites were not toxic to mice although the composites were crosslinked with a certain concentration of glutaraldehyde. The results of gross examinations showed that when the composite membranes or scaffolds were applied to a repair rabbit skin lesion, the composites had a good repair effect without infection, liquid exudation or visible scar in the lesion covered with them. But in the control group, the autologous skin showed necrosis and there were a lot of scar tissues in the lesion site. H and E staining results showed that the repair tissue was similar to the normal one and very few scaffolds or membranes were left without degradation after 2 or 3 weeks. In conclusion, it is proved that type I collagen increases the toughness of the agar membrane, and the agar/type I collagen composites are promising biomaterials as wound dressings for healing burns or ulcers.

  5. Agar/collagen membrane as skin dressing for wounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bao Lei; Yang Wei; Mao Xuan; Mou Shansong; Tang Shunqing [Biomedical Engineering Institute, Jinan University, Guangzhou (China)], E-mail: tshunqt@jnu.edu.cn, E-mail: tmuss@jnu.edu.cn

    2008-12-15

    Agar, a highly hydrophilic polymer, has a special gel property and favorable biocompatibility, but moderate intension strength in an aqueous condition and a low degradation rate. In order to tailor both properties of mechanical intension and degradation, type I collagen was composited with agar in a certain ratio by drying at 50 {sup 0}C or by a freeze-dry process. Glutaraldehyde was chosen as a crosslinking agent, and the most favorable condition for crosslinking was that the weight ratio of agar to glutaraldehyde was 66.7 and the pH value about 5. Dynamic mechanical analysis results showed that the single agar membrane had a modulus value between 640 MPa and 1064 MPa, but it was between 340 MPa and 819 MPa after being composited with type I collagen. It was discovered under an optical microscope that the pores were interconnected in the composite scaffolds instead of the honeycomb-like pores in a single type I collagen scaffold or the laminated gaps in a single agar scaffold. The results of an acute toxicity test disclosed that the composites were not toxic to mice although the composites were crosslinked with a certain concentration of glutaraldehyde. The results of gross examinations showed that when the composite membranes or scaffolds were applied to a repair rabbit skin lesion, the composites had a good repair effect without infection, liquid exudation or visible scar in the lesion covered with them. But in the control group, the autologous skin showed necrosis and there were a lot of scar tissues in the lesion site. H and E staining results showed that the repair tissue was similar to the normal one and very few scaffolds or membranes were left without degradation after 2 or 3 weeks. In conclusion, it is proved that type I collagen increases the toughness of the agar membrane, and the agar/type I collagen composites are promising biomaterials as wound dressings for healing burns or ulcers.

  6. A toroidal trap for cold {}^{87}{Rb} atoms using an rf-dressed quadrupole trap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, A.; Mishra, S. R.; Ram, S. P.; Tiwari, S. K.; Rawat, H. S.

    2016-04-01

    We demonstrate the trapping of cold {}87{Rb} atoms in a toroidal geometry using a radio frequency (rf) dressed quadrupole magnetic trap formed by superposing a strong rf-field on a quadrupole trap. This rf-dressed quadrupole trap has the minimum potential away from the quadrupole trap centre on a circular path which facilitates trapping in toroidal geometry. In these experiments, the laser cooled atoms were first trapped in a quadrupole trap, then cooled evaporatively using a weak rf-field, and finally trapped in an rf-dressed quadrupole trap. The radius of the toroid could be varied by varying the frequency of the dressing rf-field. It has also been demonstrated that a single rf source and an antenna can be used for the rf-evaporative cooling as well as for the rf-dressing of atoms. The atoms trapped in the toroidal trap may have applications in the realization of an atom gyroscope as well as in studying the quantum gases in low dimensions.

  7. A toroidal trap for the cold $^{87}Rb$ atoms using a rf-dressed quadrupole trap

    CERN Document Server

    Chakraborty, A; Ram, S P; Tiwari, S K; Rawat, H S

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate the trapping of cold $^{87}Rb$ atoms in a toroidal geometry using a rf-dressed quadrupole magnetic trap formed by superposing a strong radio frequency (rf) field on a quadrupole trap. This rf-dressed quadrupole trap has minimum of the potential away from the quadrupole trap centre on a circular path which facilitates the trapping in the toroidal geometry. In the experiments, the laser cooled atoms were first trapped in the quadrupole trap, then cooled evaporatively using a weak rf-field, and finally trapped in the rf-dressed quadrupole trap. The radius of the toroid could be varied by varying the frequency of the dressing rf-field. It has also been demonstrated that a single rf source and an antenna can be used for the rf-evaporative cooling as well as for rf-dressing of atoms. The atoms trapped in the toroidal trap may have applications in realization of an atom gyroscope as well as in studying the quantum gases in low dimensions.

  8. Clinical and histological evaluation of two dressing materials in the healing of palatal wounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanmugam M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Free gingival grafts have been used extensively for gingival augmentation procedures, but are associated with postoperative morbidity because of the open palatal wound. This study compares the clinical efficiency of two dressing materials, a non-eugenol-based dressing (Coe-Pak™ and a collagen dressing (Colla Cote® on palatal wound healing. Materials and Methods : Thirty-two patients in the age group of 25−50 years, who required gingival augmentation, were selected. Free gingival graft was harvested from the palatal mucosa and the wound was then protected using Coe-pak; in control group and Colla Cote; in test group. The subjective parameters pain and burning sensation were recorded on the 2 nd and 7 th day and the objective parameters colour and consistency were recorded on the 7 th and 42 nd day, using a visual analog scale. Thickness of the mucosa was measured using K file at baseline and 42 nd day. Histological examination was done on 42 nd day. Results : The subjective and objective parameters showed significant improvement in the test group when compared to control group. Histologically, there was a greater evidence of collagen formation and turn over in the test group than control group. Conclusions : Collagen-based dressing may thus offer significantly greater advantages over the traditional non-eugenol dressings.

  9. Family caregivers' perspectives on dementia-related dressing difficulties at home: The preservation of self model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, Diane F; LaRose, Sharon; Mahoney, Edward L

    2015-07-01

    Alzheimer's caregiving literature acknowledges dressing as a major daily stressor but research on this topic is negligible. A qualitative grounded theory approach was used to explore Alzheimer's family caregivers' perspectives about issues that arise when their family members lose the ability to dress independently. Three focus groups and seven individual interviews were conducted and audio recorded with 25 information rich caregivers. Constant comparative analyses and coding of the transcripts identified six major themes leading to a 'Preservation of Self Model: Care Recipient to Care Giver' that portrays the caregiving trajectory. Initially, caregivers tried to protect the self dignity of the family member by maintaining usual routines and absorbing blame for difficulties. Dressing 'battles' occurred and caregivers learned management through trial and error. Crossing adult-child-gender role boundaries escalated discomfort. When facing unrelenting demands, concern shifted to preservation of the caregivers' health and self. Results suggest that caregivers would benefit from more pro-active dressing counseling to shorten the trial and error periods, dressing aids more relevant to dementia and more knowledgeable helpers. The preservation model can facilitate understanding of the caregiving trajectory and guide intervention support. PMID:24339112

  10. Thrombin Production and Human Neutrophil Elastase Sequestration by Modified Cellulosic Dressings and Their Electrokinetic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolette Prevost

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Wound healing is a complex series of biochemical and cellular events. Optimally, functional material design addresses the overlapping acute and inflammatory stages of wound healing based on molecular, cellular, and bio-compatibility issues. In this paper the issues addressed are uncontrolled hemostasis and inflammation which can interfere with the orderly flow of wound healing. In this regard, we review the serine proteases thrombin and elastase relative to dressing functionality that improves wound healing and examine the effects of charge in cotton/cellulosic dressing design on thrombin production and elastase sequestration (uptake by the wound dressing. Thrombin is central to the initiation and propagation of coagulation, and elastase is released from neutrophils that can function detrimentally in a stalled inflammatory phase characteristic of chronic wounds. Electrokinetic fiber surface properties of the biomaterials of this study were determined to correlate material charge and polarity with function relative to thrombin production and elastase sequestration. Human neutrophil elastase sequestration was assessed with an assay representative of chronic wound concentration with cotton gauze cross-linked with three types of polycarboxylic acids and one phosphorylation finish; thrombin production, which was assessed in a plasma-based assay via a fluorogenic peptide substrate, was determined for cotton, cotton-grafted chitosan, chitosan, rayon/polyester, and two kaolin-treated materials including a commercial hemorrhage control dressing (QuickClot Combat Gauze. A correlation in thrombin production to zeta potential was found. Two polycarboxylic acid cross linked and a phosphorylated cotton dressing gave high elastase sequestration.

  11. Development of a functional wound dressing composed of hyaluronic acid spongy sheet containing bioactive components: evaluation of wound healing potential in animal tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Nahoko; Ishida, Daiki; Yamamoto, Akiko; Kuroyanagi, Misato; Kuroyanagi, Yoshimitsu

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to develop a novel wound dressing composed of hyaluronic acid (HA) spongy sheet containing bioactive components. The wound dressing prepared by the freeze-drying method has a two-layered structure: an upper layer composed of cross-linked high-molecular-weight HA (HMW-HA) and a lower layer composed of low-molecular-weight HA (LMW-HA) containing arginine (Arg), magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (vitamin C derivative: VC), and epidermal growth factor (EGF) (referred to as EGF-dressing). A wound dressing containing only Arg and VC was prepared in a similar manner (referred to as EGF-free-dressing). The potential of each wound dressing was evaluated in animal tests using Sprague Dawley (SD) rats and diabetic mice. In the first experiment, each wound dressing was applied to a full-thickness skin defect in the abdominal region of SD rats. Wound conditions after 1 week and 2 weeks of treatment were evaluated based on macroscopic and histological appearance. A commercially available non-woven alginate wound dressing (Alg-dressing) was used in a control group. Both EGF-free-dressing and EGF-dressing decreased wound size and promoted granulation tissue formation associated with angiogenesis more effectively when compared with Alg-dressing. In particular, EGF-dressing promoted re-epithelialization. In the second experiment, each wound dressing was applied to a full-thickness skin defect in the dorsal region of diabetic mice. Wound conditions after 1 week and 2 weeks of treatment were evaluated based on macroscopic and histological appearance. A commercially available Alg-dressing was used in a control group. Both EGF-free-dressing and EGF-dressing decreased wound size and promoted granulation tissue formation associated with angiogenesis more effectively when compared with Alg-dressing. These findings indicate that EGF-free-dressing and EGF-dressing have the potential for more effective wound healing when compared with Alg-dressing. In particular, EGF-dressing has

  12. DRESS with delayed onset acute interstitial nephritis and profound refractory eosinophilia secondary to Vancomycin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O'Meara Paloma

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS is a relatively rare clinical entity; even more so in response to vancomycin. Methods Case report. Results We present a severe case of vancomycin-induced DRESS syndrome, which on presentation included only skin, hematological and mild liver involvement. The patient further developed severe acute interstitial nephritis, eosinophilic pneumonitis, central nervous system (CNS involvement and worsening hematological abnormalities despite immediate discontinuation of vancomycin and parenteral corticosteroids. High-dose corticosteroids for a prolonged period were necessary and tapering of steroids a challenge due to rebound-eosinophilia and skin involvement. Conclusion Patients with DRESS who are relatively resistant to corticosteroids with delayed onset of certain organ involvement should be treated with a more prolonged corticosteroid tapering schedule. Vancomycin is increasingly being recognized as a culprit agent in this syndrome.

  13. A Change of Traditional Method of Treatment of Partial Thickness Burn with Hydrofibre Dressings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitura, Kryspin; Osłowska, Jolanta; Mitura, Alicja

    2015-02-01

    Nearly 1% of population is affected with burn trauma annually. Among patients seeking advanced medical care almost 8% require hospital stay. Most burns are superficial and do not cause full thickness damage to the skin. Standard topical treatment of burn wounds with creams and ointments requires frequent dressings' changes. The healing process is long and expensive. The technological revolution, as occurred in the last decade in the field of dressing care allows us to introduce the use of advanced material solutions. Modern materials allow to shorten the treatment time, reduce the expenses and diminish the patient discomfort leading to good outcome. The study presented a case of four patients treated due to the partial thickness burn wound. Hydrofiber dressing with silver ions were introduced in the treatment. We observed good short and long term results. PMID:26146101

  14. Corpographie: dress-code pragmatiche cosmetiche in between body-scape e location

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Canevacci

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Dress-code apre verso le polifonie autorappresentative del soggetto che sfida ogni identità fissa, compatta, unitaria, gioca con ironia/parodia con gli stili (etnico, dark, punk, fetish, folk, cosmopolita, ecc., ibridizza il corpo come opus che assembla pelle, oggettistica, cosmetica, sensoralia; dialoga, evoca, cita, indossa, crea lo spazio entro il quale si muove. Nel dress-code ogni tratto non ha un significato codificato dall'uso (moda, tanto meno inconscio. I simboli sono imbrogliati e "giocati", gli archetipi derisi e dissolti. Dress-code stabilisce relazioni di sintonia, dissonanza, agglutinazione con "il locale" verso cui si dirige e da cui è attratto, per superare quella linea fatale e fatata dell'ingresso: vera zona liminoide che, una volta varcata, innesca il momentaneo scorrere del suo desiderio.

  15. On the Effective Action of Dressed Mean Fields for N = 4 Super-Yang-Mills Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorazd Cvetic

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the general considerations such as R-operation and Slavnov-Taylor identity we show that the effective action, being understood as Legendre transform of the logarithm of the path integral, possesses particular structure in N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory for kernels of the effective action expressed in terms of the dressed effective fields. These dressed effective fields have been introduced in our previous papers as actual variables of the effective action. The concept of dressed effective fields naturally appears in the framework of solution to Slavnov-Taylor identity. The particularity of the structure is independence of these kernels on the ultraviolet regularization scale Λ. These kernels are functions of mutual spacetime distances and of the gauge coupling. The fact that β function in this theory vanishes is used significantly.

  16. Research on the ELID-ultrasound dressing technology based on multi-field coupling theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuai, JiCai

    This paper utilizes the multi-field coupling theory to conduct numerical simulation for the electrolyte flow state between the anode and cathode of ELID (Electrolytic In-process Dressing) - ultrasound dressing system. The simulation results show that this theory is an effective solution to the electrolyte's uneven distribution problem of traditional ELID dressing, thereby the uniform electrolysis on the grinding wheel surface enabling the oxide film to cover the entire surface. In addition, as the local vibration of the electrolyte caused by the ultrasonic vibration is conductive for the updating of ion concentration reacting around the electrolyte as well as the acceleration of the process of the electrode reaction. This method is suitable for ultra-precision grinding as well as the high-speed and efficient grinding.

  17. Case reports: treatment of nevirapine-associated dress syndrome with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Katherine S; Petersen, Marta J; Chiao, Elizabeth; Tristani-Firouzi, Payam

    2005-01-01

    Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is an adverse drug reaction most commonly associated with aromatic antiepileptic agents. It is characterized by the triad of skin eruption, fever, and systemic involvement, with the latter usually manifesting as hepatitis and lymphadenopathy. Mortality is primarily due to hepatic failure and can be as high as 10%. Formerly referred to by names such as Dilantin hypersensitivity syndrome and anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome, DRESS syndrome is a more precise term since this reaction pattern can be seen with other agents. DRESS syndrome has also been reported in association with sulfonamides, allopurinol, terbinafine, minocycline, azathioprine, and dapsone as well as with several antiretroviral agents such as abacavir and nevirapine. We describe a patient with HIV who developed nevirapine hypersensitivity syndrome who was successfully treated with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG). PMID:16004028

  18. Single versus double occlusive dressing technique to minimize infusion thrombophlebitis: Vialon and Teflon cannulae reassessed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myles, P S; Buckland, M R; Burnett, W J

    1991-11-01

    Infusion thrombophlebitis is the commonest complication of intravenous cannulation. This study was undertaken to prospectively evaluate a double-occlusive dressing technique and a new cannula, bismuth oxide-Teflon (Critikon Inc., Aust.), comparing it to Vialon (Deseret Medical Inc., Utah, USA). The study group of two hundred patients had a 16 gauge intravenous cannula inserted in theatre using a standard technique. The incidence of thrombophlebitis was determined on a daily basis. Cannula tips were sent for culture on removal. Vialon was found to be superior to Teflon after day 1. Although a double-occlusive dressing technique increased the duration of cannulation (50.9 vs. 41.9 hours, P less than 0.05), there was no difference in the incidence of thrombophlebitis. Neither cannula material nor dressing technique had an influence on the results of cannula tip culture (6% incidence). There was no evidence of bacteraemia in any case. PMID:1750632

  19. Clinical performance of a new silver dressing, Contreet Foam, for chronic exuding venous leg ulcers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsmark, T; Agerslev, R H; Bendz, S H;

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and performance of a new sustained silver-releasing dressing, Contreet Foam (Coloplast A/S), in the treatment of moderately to highly exuding chronic venous leg ulcers in which healing is delayed due to the presence of bacteria. METHOD: The...... clinical performance of Contreet Foam was studied for four weeks in 25 patients with moderately to highly exuding delayed-healing venous leg ulcers. Healing was assessed on a weekly basis with reference to the wound-bed tissue composition, degree of odour and pain, dressing performance and the dressing......: Contreet Foam was found to be safe and performed well when used in the treatment of delayed-healing chronic venous leg ulcers, combining effective antibacterial properties with excellent exudate management. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: This study was supported by Coloplast A/S, Humlebaek, Denmark....

  20. Distributed quantum computation with superconducting qubit via LC circuit using dressed states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Chao; Fang Mao-Fa; Xiao Xing; Li Yan-Ling; Cao Shuai

    2011-01-01

    A scheme is proposed where two superconducting qubits driven by a classical field interacting separately with two distant LC circuits connected by another LC circuit through mutual inductance, are used for implementing quantum gates. By using dressed states, quantum state transfer and quantum entangling gate can be implemented. With the help of the time-dependent electromagnetic field, any two dressed qubits can be selectively coupled to the data bus (the last LC circuit), then quantum state can be transferred from one dressed qubit to another and multi-mode entangled state can also be formed. As a result, the promising perspectives for quantum information processing of mesoscopic superconducting qubits are obtained and the distributed and scalable quantum computation can be implemented in this scheme.

  1. Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) in an Adolescent Treated With Lamotrigine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginory, Almari; Chaney-Catchpole, Michelle; Demetree, Julie M; Mayol Sabatier, Laura M; Nguyen, Mathew

    2013-07-01

    Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a hypersensitivity syndrome most commonly associated with antiepileptic agents, allopurinol, and sulfonamides. It is a severe adverse reaction associated with fever, rash, eosinophilia, lymphadenopathy, and internal organ involvement. We present the case of a 17-year-old Caucasian female with bipolar disorder type II and posttraumatic stress disorder treated with lamotrigine for a non-Food and Drug Administration-approved indication that developed DRESS syndrome at an initial dose higher than that recommended. Her symptoms were atypical in that she developed a rash with influenza-like symptoms that resolved after discontinuation of lamotrigine and returned 8 days later. She was hospitalized because of elevated liver enzymes and treated with corticosteroids. In patients presenting with rash and systemic symptoms, DRESS syndrome should be considered and treated appropriately to reduce mortality, which can be as high as 10%. Treatment includes withdrawal of the offending agent and corticosteroids. PMID:24052787

  2. Resurgence of the dressing phase for ${\\rm AdS}_5\\times {\\rm S}^5$

    CERN Document Server

    Arutyunov, Gleb; Savin, Sergei

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the resummation of the strong coupling asymptotic expansion of the dressing phase of the ${\\rm AdS}_5\\times {\\rm S}^5$ superstring. The dressing phase proposed by Beisert, Eden and Staudacher can be recovered from a modified Borel-Ecalle resummation of this asymptotic expansion only by completing it with new, non-perturbative and exponentially suppressed terms that can be organized into different sectors labelled by an instanton-like number. We compute the contribution to the dressing phase coming from the sum over all the instanton sectors and show that it satisfies the homogeneous crossing symmetry equation. We comment on the semiclassical origin of the non-perturbative terms from the world-sheet theory point of view even though their precise explanation remains still quite mysterious.

  3. Calcium alginate dressings promote healing of split skin graft donor sites.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Donoghue, J M

    2012-02-03

    A prospective controlled trial was carried out to assess the healing efficacy of calcium alginate and paraffin gauze on split skin graft donor sites. Thirty patients were randomised to the calcium alginate group and 21 to the paraffin gauze group. The donor sites were assessed at 10 days post harvesting to determine if they were completely healed (100%) or not. Twenty one of the 30 patients dressed with calcium alginate were completely healed at day 10, while only 7\\/21 in the paraffin gauze group were healed (p < 0.05). There were two infections in the study, both occurring in the alginate group while there was no difference in dressing slippage between the two groups. Calcium alginate dressings provide a significant improvement in healing split skin graft donor sites.

  4. Development and in vitro characterization of ciprofloxacin loaded polymeric films for wound dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebere Innocent Okoye

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Wound treatment is always encumbered with diverse challenges, including inadequacy of dressings. This study was undertaken to fabricate and characterize an antibiotic film useable as a wound dressing. Materials and Methods: Gelatin, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na-CMC, and their blends (at 1:1, 1:2, and 2:1 were loaded with ciprofloxacin at drug: polymer ratios of 1:4, 1:6, 1:8, and 1:10 and fabricated into films using the solvent casting method. In vitro characterization of the films was conducted using standard protocols for wound dressing films. Results: The products displayed uniformity of weight and thickness; sorption capacity was 16–24 times their weights of fluid, with significant differences (P < 0.05, blend of polymers conferred much better sorption capability. Their surface pH lied between 6.33 and 6.74; bending endurance was excellent; photomicroscopy revealed uniform distribution of ciprofloxacin crystals; Fourier transform infrared analysis and differential scanning calorimetry showed that ciprofloxacin interactions with infrared and thermal energies were overshadowed by the polymers. The content uniformity of the formulations was within official limits while the in vitro drug release and antibacterial activities revealed that polymer blends at 1:1 or 1:2 (Na-CMC: gelatin stood out as the most promising combination for the formulation of ciprofloxacin wound dressing films. Conclusion: Combination of Na-CMC and gelatin in the fabrication of wound dressing film is an attractive choice judging from the outcome of this study. The antibacterial activities and sorption capacities of the drug loaded films are strong indicators to their in vivo functionalities as wound dressing.

  5. Retention and removal 137Cs in Japanese catfish (Silurus asotus Linnaeus) in dressing and cooking method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Japanese catfish contaminated by 137Cs have been used to investigate how the dressing and cook-ing method affect the removal of radioactivity from the fish. During the dressing, 6.0% of the initial 137Cs activity was removed by washing the live fish, further 30.3% of the activity relative to washed fish was removed by discarding the non-edible body parts (skeletons, fins, visceral mass, liver, kidney etc.) and washing the chopped fish. Fish curry was cooked using various spices, green-stuffs and vegetable oil following a method commonly used in South East and East Asian countries. The cooking process removed a further 61.6% of the 137Cs activity relative to the activity in dressed fish. Taken together, this normal domestic fish dressing and culinary process removed 74.7% of the initial 137Cs activity present in the live fish. During the cook-ing, the radioactivity removed from the fish pieces was found to distributed over the ingredients of the curry. The cooked fish pieces retained an average, 38.5% of the radioactivity present in the dressed raw fish pieces. Among the ingredients, the gravy was found to contain an average of 34.8% of the activity of the dressed fish. The activity in green-stuffs was found to vary from 4.0% (in cauliflower) to 7.2% (in potato). It may be concluded that normal home preparation and culinary processes removed the radio-activity from the fish to a great extent. In addition, discarding the gravy and green-stuffs of the curry further reduce the radioactivity intake into the human body. (author)

  6. Papain incorporated chitin dressings for wound debridement sterilized by gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wound debridement is essential for the removal of necrotic or nonviable tissue from the wound surface to create an environment conducive to healing. Nonsurgical enzymatic debridement is an attractive method due to its effectiveness and ease of use. Papain is a proteolytic enzyme derived from the fruit of Carica papaya and is capable of breaking down a variety of necrotic tissue substrates. The present study was focused on the use of gamma radiation for sterilization of papain dressing with wound debriding activity. Membranes with papain were prepared using 0.5% chitin in lithium chloride/dimethylacetamide solvent and sterilized by gamma radiation. Fluid absorption capacity of chitin–papain membranes without glycerol was 14.30±6.57% in 6 h. Incorporation of glycerol resulted in significant (p2/24 h at 24 h. Gamma irradiation at 25 kGy was found suitable for sterilization of the dressings. Infrared (IR) spectral scanning has shown that papain was stable on gamma irradiation at 25–35 kGy. The irradiated chitin–papain membranes were impermeable to different bacterial strains and also exhibited strong bactericidal action against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The fluid handling characteristics and the antimicrobial properties of chitin–papain membranes sterilized by gamma radiation were found suitable for use as wound dressing with debriding activity. - Highlight: ► Use of gamma radiation for sterilization of papain wound dressing was studied. ► Fluid handling and antimicrobial properties of irradiated dressings was evaluated. ► Gamma irradiation at 25 kGy was found suitable for sterilization of the dressings.

  7. Composite wound dressings of pectin and gelatin with aloe vera and curcumin as bioactive agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tummalapalli, Mythili; Berthet, Morgane; Verrier, Bernard; Deopura, B L; Alam, M S; Gupta, Bhuvanesh

    2016-01-01

    Aloe vera and curcumin loaded oxidized pectin-gelatin (OP-Gel) matrices were used as antimicrobial finishes on nonwoven cotton fabrics to produce composite wound care devices. The drug release characteristics of the biocomposite dressings indicated that curcumin is released through a biphasic mechanism - erosion of the polymeric matrix, followed by diffusion, while aloe vera is released upon leaching of the polymeric matrix. A 50/50 composition of aloe vera/curcumin was used to fabricate OP-Gel-Aloe Curcumin dressings. However, contrary to our expectations, OP-Gel-Aloe Curcumin dressings exhibited lesser antimicrobial activity compared to OP-Gel-Aloe and OP-Gel-Curcumin dressings. The cytocompatibility of the fabricated dressings was evaluated using NIH3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. OP-Gel-Aloe treated fibroblasts had the highest viability, with the matrices providing a substrate for good cell attachment and proliferation. On the other hand, OP-Gel-Curcumin and OP-Gel-Aloe Curcumin seemed to have induced apoptosis in NIH3T3 cells. In vivo wound healing analysis was carried out using an excisional splint wound model on C57BL/6J mice. OP-Gel-Aloe treated wounds exhibited very rapid healing with 80% of the wound healing in just 8 days. Furthermore, aloe vera exerted a strong anti-inflammatory effect and prominent scar prevention. Histological examination revealed that an ordered collagen formation and neovascularization could be observed along with migration of nuclei. Therefore, OP-Gel-Aloe biocomposite dressings are proposed as viable materials for effective wound management. PMID:26529192

  8. Dress-Related Behavioral Problems and Violence in the Public School Setting: Prevention, Intervention, and Policy--A Holistic Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holloman, Lillian; LaPoint, Velma; Alleyne, Sylvan I.; Palmer, Ruth J.; Sanders-Phillips, Kathy

    1996-01-01

    Addresses clothing-related behavioral problems for public school children and the increasing use of dress codes and uniform policies as preventive measures. It describes dress-related conflicts for black public school students and parents across socialization and contextual settings. The implications of preventive policies and practices are…

  9. ARDressCode: Augmented Dressing Room with Tag-based Motion Tracking and Real-Time Clothes Simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærside, Krista; Kortbek, Karen Johanne; Møller, Henrik Hedegaard;

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces a new augmented reality concept for dressing rooms enabling a customer to combine a tactile experience of the fabrics with easy simulated try-on. The dressing room has a camera and a projection surface instead of a mirror. The customers stick a few visual tags to their normal...

  10. Coherent Dynamics in Dressed Optical Lattices Beyond the Born-Oppenheimer Approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Jeremy; Krinner, Ludwig; Stewart, Mike; Pazmino, Arturo; Schneble, Dominik

    2015-05-01

    Usual treatments of matter-wave diffraction assume that the zero-point energy in the diffracting potential is much smaller than the gap between the dressed levels. However, in near-resonant weak-driving scenarios, zero-point motion can mix the adiabatic dressed states, making the diffracting potentials highly non-adiabatic, such that the usual Born-Oppenheimer approximation for the external and internal degrees of freedom no longer applies. We model the dynamics of a matter wave in a microwave-coupled state-dependent lattice in this regime, and quantify the importance of these effects on recent experiments. Supported by NSF grant PHY-1205894.

  11. Effect of Ethrel treatment of wheat on the effectiveness of some fungicides used as seed dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Marian Michniewicz; Antoni Rożej; Ewelina Czerwińska

    2013-01-01

    The grain of winter wheat cv. Grana was treated with the following seed dressings: Baytan 17.5 WS, Oxalin K and Vincit WP and sown in experimental plots. In spring after the appearance of the first node the plants were sprayed with Ethrel solution at a concentration of 1000 mg/dm3. It was stated that Ethrel enhanced the fungistatic effect of the seed dressings with regard to Cercosporella herpotrichoides, Erysiphe graminis and species of the genus Fusarium, while it increased plant infection ...

  12. Effect of Ethrel treatment of wheat on the effectiveness of some fungicides used as seed dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Michniewicz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The grain of winter wheat cv. Grana was treated with the following seed dressings: Baytan 17.5 WS, Oxalin K and Vincit WP and sown in experimental plots. In spring after the appearance of the first node the plants were sprayed with Ethrel solution at a concentration of 1000 mg/dm3. It was stated that Ethrel enhanced the fungistatic effect of the seed dressings with regard to Cercosporella herpotrichoides, Erysiphe graminis and species of the genus Fusarium, while it increased plant infection by Puccinia triticina.

  13. Effects of a dressed quark-gluon vertex in vector heavy-light mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Gomez-Rocha, M; Krassnigg, A

    2016-01-01

    We extend earlier investigations of heavy-light pseudoscalar mesons to the vector case, using a simple model in the context of the Dyson-Schwinger-Bethe-Salpeter approach. We investigate the effects of a dressed-quark-gluon vertex in a systematic fashion and illustrate and attempt to quantify corrections beyond the phenomenologically very useful and successful rainbow-ladder truncation. In particular we investigate dressed quark photon vertex in such a setup and make a prediction for the experimentally as yet unknown mass of the B_c*, which we obtain at 6.334 GeV well in line with predictions from other approaches.

  14. Dressed multi-wave mixing in a Ⅴ-type four-level atomic system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The dressed four- and six-wave mixings in a Ⅴ-type four-level system are considered. Under two different dressed conditions, two- and three-photon resonant Autler-Townes splittings, accompanied by enhancement and suppression of wave mixing signal, are obtained analytically. Meanwhile, an electromagnetic induced transparency of multi-wave mixing is presented, which shows multiple peaks and asymmetric effects caused by one-photon, two-photon and three-photon resonances, separately. The slow light propagation multiple region of multi-wave mixing signal is also obtained.

  15. Which dressing do donor site wounds need?: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ubbink Dirk T

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Donor site wounds after split-skin grafting are rather 'standard' wounds. At present, lots of dressings and topical agents for donor site wounds are commercially available. This causes large variation in the local care of these wounds, while the optimum 'standard' dressing for local wound care is unclear. This protocol describes a trial in which we investigate the effectiveness of various treatment options for these donor site wounds. Methods A 14-center, six-armed randomized clinical trial is being carried out in the Netherlands. An a-priori power analysis and an anticipated dropout rate of 15% indicates that 50 patients per group are necessary, totaling 300 patients, to be able to detect a 25% quicker mean time to complete wound healing. Randomization has been computerized to ensure allocation concealment. Adult patients who need a split-skin grafting operation for any reason, leaving a donor site wound of at least 10 cm2 are included and receive one of the following dressings: hydrocolloid, alginate, film, hydrofiber, silicone dressing, or paraffin gauze. No combinations of products from other intervention groups in this trial are allowed. Optimum application and changes of these dressings are pursued according to the protocol as supplied by the dressing manufacturers. Primary outcomes are days to complete wound healing and pain (using a Visual Analogue Scale. Secondary outcomes are adverse effects, scarring, patient satisfaction, and costs. Outcome assessors unaware of the treatment allocation will assess whether or not an outcome has occurred. Results will be analyzed according to the intention to treat principle. The first patient was randomized October 1, 2009. Discussion This study will provide comprehensive data on the effectiveness of different treatment options for donor site wounds. The dressing(s that will prevail in effectiveness, satisfaction and costs will be promoted among clinicians dealing with such

  16. Fashionably traditional: the development of Moroccan urban dress in the last five decades

    OpenAIRE

    Jansen, Maria Angela

    2010-01-01

    The main goal of the research has been to find out why Moroccan urban dress is one of the rare ‘traditional’ clothing styles that developed into a fashion industry whereas the majority of local clothing styles has either disappeared or stopped to evolve. Five phenomena in Moroccan society are believed to have played a crucial role in this process. First of all, Moroccan dress is considered as part of an ‘ancient’ cultural heritage by its wearers. Secondly, three generations of Moroccan fashio...

  17. Negative Pressure Wound Therapy With Low Pressure and Gauze Dressings to Treat Diabetic Foot Wounds

    OpenAIRE

    Lavery, Lawrence A.; Murdoch, Douglas P.; Kim, Paul J; Fontaine, Javier La; Thakral, Gaurav; Davis, Kathryn E.

    2014-01-01

    This study was a prospective cohort study to evaluate negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with low pressure and a gauze dressing to treat diabetic foot wounds. Thirty patients with diabetic foot wounds were consented to a prospective study to evaluate wound closure and complications to evaluate NPWT with low pressure (80 mmHg) and a gauze dressing interface (EZCare, Smith and Nephew) for up to 5 weeks. NPWT was changed 3 times a week. Study subjects were evaluated once a week for adverse e...

  18. Time-dependent Casimir-Polder forces and partially dressed states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A time-dependent Casimir-Polder force is shown to arise during the time evolution of a partially dressed two-level atom. The partially dressed atom is obtained by a rapid change of an atomic parameter such as its transition frequency, due to the action of some external agent. The electromagnetic field fluctuations around the atom, averaged over the solid angle for simplicity, are calculated as a function of time, and it is shown that the interaction energy with a second atom yields a dynamical Casimir-Polder potential between the two atoms

  19. Phenobarbitone induced drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navreet K. Natt

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS is a life threatening cutaneous drug reaction with visceral involvement and hematological abnormalities. Being a rare side effect, it is often under-reported and misdiagnosed. The fatal adverse drug reaction is associated most commonly with aromatic anti-epileptics phenytoin, carbamazepine and less frequently with phenobarbitone. Here, we report a case of phenobarbitone induced DRESS in a 1 year old male child. He succumbed to fulminant hepatic failure inspite of being put on steroids, hepatoprotectives, antibiotics and ventilatory support. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2013; 2(3.000: 333-335

  20. Podiatry evaluation of a chitosan gelling fibre dressing in diabetic foot ulceration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Angela

    2016-06-23

    The purpose of this small evaluation on five patients presenting to community podiatry services in Birmingham with foot ulceration was to explore common problems associated with diabetes and other high-risk conditions and illustrate the clinical effectiveness and experience of using a chitosan absorbent gelling fibre dressing (KytoCel®, Aspen Medical). Each of these case studies bought their individual complex issues and complications that affected the healing process. General wound care involved debridement, if required, dressings, pressure redistribution addressing footwear needs, systemic antibiotics where required, and shared care with the multidisciplinary team (MDT) in secondary care where appropriate. PMID:27345085

  1. Theory of dressed-state lasers. I. Effective Hamiltonians and stability properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakrzewski, J. (Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)); Lewenstein, M. (Institute for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)); Mossberg, T.W. (Department of Physics, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (United States))

    1991-12-01

    We present a detailed theory of dressed-state lasers, i.e., the lasers that operate due to the gain on an inverted transition between dressed states of a coupled atom-field system. We derive effective Hamiltonians that describe such lasers for the case of one- and two-photon resonances. We argue that, due to the presence of nearly resonant intermediate states, the use of gain media consisting of strongly driven two-level atoms provides an unorthodox yet promising means for achieving cw optical two-photon laser oscillation. We disscuss the stability properties of radiation generated by such media.

  2. Hydrocellular foam dressing promotes wound healing along with increases in hyaluronan synthase 3 and PPARα gene expression in epidermis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takumi Yamane

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hydrocellular foam dressing, modern wound dressing, induces moist wound environment and promotes wound healing: however, the regulatory mechanisms responsible for these effects are poorly understood. This study was aimed to reveal the effect of hydrocellular foam dressing on hyaluronan, which has been shown to have positive effects on wound healing, and examined its regulatory mechanisms in rat skin. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We created two full-thickness wounds on the dorsolateral skin of rats. Each wound was covered with either a hydrocellular foam dressing or a film dressing and hyaluronan levels in the periwound skin was measured. We also investigated the mechanism by which the hydrocellular foam dressing regulates hyaluronan production by measuring the gene expression of hyaluronan synthase 3 (Has3, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα, and CD44. Hydrocellular foam dressing promoted wound healing and upregulated hyaluronan synthesis, along with an increase in the mRNA levels of Has3, which plays a primary role in hyaluronan synthesis in epidermis. In addition, hydrocellular foam dressing enhanced the mRNA levels of PPARα, which upregulates Has3 gene expression, and the major hyaluronan receptor CD44. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggests that hydrocellular foam dressing may be beneficial for wound healing along with increases in hyaluronan synthase 3 and PPARα gene expression in epidermis. We believe that the present study would contribute to the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying the effects of hydrocellular foam dressing-induced moist environment on wound healing and practice evidence-based wound care.

  3. A green salt-leaching technique to produce sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds with distinguished characteristics for wound-dressing applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aramwit, Pornanong; Ratanavaraporn, Juthamas; Ekgasit, Sanong; Tongsakul, Duangta; Bang, Nipaporn

    2015-05-01

    Sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds could be fabricated using the freeze-drying technique; they showed good physical and biological properties and can be applied as wound dressings. However, freeze-drying is an energy- and time-consuming process with a high associated cost. In this study, an alternative, solvent-free, energy- and time-saving, low-cost salt-leaching technique is introduced as a green technology to produce sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds. We found that sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds were successfully fabricated without any crosslinking using a salt-leaching technique. The salt-leached sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds had a porous structure with pore interconnectivity. The sericin in the salt-leached scaffolds had a crystallinity that was as high as that of the freeze-dried scaffolds. Compared to the freeze-dried scaffolds with the same composition, the salt-leached sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds has larger pores, a lower Young's modulus, and faster rates of biodegradation and sericin release. When cultured with L929 mouse fibroblast cells, a higher number of cells were found in the salt-leached scaffolds. Furthermore, the salt-leached scaffolds were less adhesive to the wound, which would reduce pain upon removal. Therefore, salt-leached sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds with distinguished characteristics were introduced as another choice of wound dressing, and their production process was simpler, more energy efficient, and saved time and money compared to the freeze-dried scaffolds. PMID:25175958

  4. Nano finish grinding of brittle materials using electrolytic in-process dressing (ELID) technique

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Rahman; A Senthil Kumar; H S Lim; K Fatima

    2003-10-01

    Recent developments in grinding have opened up new avenues for finishing of hard and brittle materials with nano-surface finish, high tolerance and accuracy. Grinding with superabrasive wheels is an excellent way to produce ultraprecision surface finish. However, superabrasive diamond grits need higher bonding strength while grinding, which metal-bonded grinding wheels can offer. Truing and dressing of the wheels are major problems and they tend to glaze because of wheel loading. When grinding with superabrasive wheels, wheel loading can be avoided by dressing periodically to obtain continuous grinding. Electrolytic inprocess dressing (ELID) is the most suitable process for dressing metal-bonded grinding wheels during the grinding process. Nano-surface finish can be achieved only when chip removal is done at the atomic level. Recent developments of ductile mode machining of hard and brittle materials show that plastically deformed chip removal minimizes the subsurface damage of the workpiece. When chip deformation takes place in the ductile regime, a defect-free nano-surface is possible and it completely eliminates the polishing process. ELID is one of the processes used for atomic level metal removal and nano-surface finish. However, no proper and detailed studies have been carried out to clarify the fundamental characteristics for making this process a robust one. Consequently, an attempt has been made in this study to understand the fundamental characteristics of ELID grinding and their influence on surface finish.

  5. Impact of School Uniform Dress Code on Principal Perception of School Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Richard E., II

    This report describes a national telephone survey of randomly selected middle and high school principals to measure the impact of school-uniform dress codes on perceived level of school violence. In addition to measuring the impact of school uniforms on principals' perception of violence, selected variables such as region, gender, and educational…

  6. The Performance of Self in the Context of Shopping in a Virtual Dressing Room System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gao, Yi; Petersson, Eva; Brooks, Anthony Lewis

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the performance of self in a virtual dressing room based on a camera-based system reflecting a full body mirrored image of the self. The study was based on a qualitative research approach and a user-centered design methodology. 22 participants participated in design sessions...

  7. Measurement of skin dose variations produced by a silicon-based protective dressing in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Variations in skin dose caused by a silicon-based burn dressing used in radiotherapy during treatment have been investigated. Measurement of these variations in skin dose has been achieved using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) and Gafchromic film. For a 6 MV x-ray beam results have shown that an approximately 0.4 mm thick silicon mesh dressing increases the average surface dose by approximately 12.5% to 14% of the maximum and average dose at 1 mm depth and by 4% to 6% of the maximum for field sizes ranging from 5 cm x 5 cm up to 40 cm x 40 cm at 100 cm source to surface distance (SSD). The radiation effective thickness of the silicon dressing was calculated to be 0.5 mm ± 0.05 mm water equivalent. TLDs of various thicknesses provide point-dose assessment and Gafchromic film can provide a detailed two-dimensional dose map with a high spatial resolution. Results have shown that a large variation in skin dose is delivered under the dressing depending on the amount of material directly above it as defined by the silicon mesh outline. (author)

  8. Formulation of Novel Layered Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose Film Wound Dressings with Ibuprofen for Alleviating Wound Pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenka Vinklárková

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Effective assessment and management of wound pain can facilitate both improvements in healing rates and overall quality of life. From a pharmacological perspective, topical application of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of film wound dressings may be a good choice. Thus, the aim of this work was to develop novel layered film wound dressings containing ibuprofen based on partially substituted fibrous sodium carboxymethylcellulose (nonwoven textile Hcel NaT. To this end, an innovative solvent casting method using a sequential coating technique has been applied. The concentration of ibuprofen which was incorporated as an acetone solution or as a suspension in a sodium carboxymethylcellulose dispersion was 0.5 mg/cm2 and 1.0 mg/cm2 of film. Results showed that developed films had adequate mechanical and swelling properties and an advantageous acidic surface pH for wound application. An in vitro drug release study implied that layered films retained the drug for a longer period of time and thus could minimize the frequency of changing the dressing. Films with suspended ibuprofen demonstrated higher drug content uniformity and superior in vitro drug release characteristics in comparison with ibuprofen incorporation as an acetone solution. Prepared films could be potential wound dressings for the effective treatment of wound pain in low exuding wounds.

  9. Use of Aeromonas as a process indicator during swine carcass dressing and cutting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palumbo, Samuel A.; Yu, Linda S. L.

    1999-01-01

    Using starch ampicillin agar, qualitative and quantitative determinations of Aeromonas spp. were made at several sites during swine carcass dressing and cutting. Aeromonas spp. were observed at all sites surveyed. Levels increased during shackling and passage through the first and middle polisher/washers, and significantly decreased during the singeing steps. Passage through the final polisher/washer caused a small increase in levels in Aeromonas spp. and these levels then remained constant during the rest of the carcass dressing operation. Aeromonas spp. were also isolated from the room where the carcasses were cut into wholesale cuts and cuts for further processing. Presumptive Aeromonas spp. cultures isolated from the different sites were confirmed as belonging to the genus Aeromonas and then speciated using the biochemical scheme of Joseph and Carnahan; 81% of the cultures were identified at A. hydrophila. Since most isolates were A. hydrophila, determination of the origin of isolates from different sites in the processing plant must await utilizing molecular biotyping techniques on the cultures. These results indicate the Aeromonas spp. occurs extensively in the swine dressing environment and thus represents a possible public health hazard and potential spoilage concern. Changes in cleaning and sanitizing of equipment may be necessary during swine carcass dressing and cutting to guard against this pathogen.

  10. Effect of electrolyzed oxidizing water and hydrocolloid occlusive dressings on excised burn-wounds in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛华; 郑雅娟; 中永士师明; 韩振国

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To study the efficacy of electrolyzed oxidizing water (EOW) and hydrocolloid occlusive dressings in the acceleration of epithelialization in excised burn-wounds in rats. Methods: Each of the anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats (n=28) was subjected to a third-degree burn that covered approximately 10% of the total body surface area. Rats were assigned into four groups: Group I (no irrigation), Group II (irrigation with physiologic saline), Group III (irrigation with EOW) and Group IV (hydrocolloid occlusive dressing after EOW irrigation). Wounds were observed macroscopically until complete epithelialization was present, then the epithelialized wounds were examined microscopically. Results: Healing of the burn wounds was the fastest in Group IV treated with hydrocolloid occlusive dressing together with EOW. Although extensive regenerative epidermis was seen in each Group, the proliferations of lymphocytes and macrophages associated with dense collagen deposition were more extensive in Group II, III and IV than in Group I. These findings were particularly evident in Group III and IV. Conclusions: Wound Healing 05- be accelerated by applying a hydrocolloid occlusive dressing on burn surfaces after they are cleaned with EOW.

  11. Uniform Policy/Dress Codes: School Staff and Parent Perceptions of Need and Impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Zollie, Jr.; Chunn, Eva Wells

    This study examines the impact of uniform/dress codes and practices on school climate, educational attainment, and student affective and cognitive domains in Washington (District of Columbia) schools. Information was drawn from surveys of 301 principals and teachers and 268 parents. The following findings are presented: (1) reasons cited for…

  12. Physical interpretation of the dressed Polyakov loop in the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model

    OpenAIRE

    Benić, Sanjin

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the rapid rise of the dressed Polyakov loop in the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model as a function of temperature. In QCD such a behaviour is interpreted as a confinement- deconfinement phase transition. However, we demonstrate that in the NJL model this is simply a remnant of the chiral transition.

  13. Rationales and Strategies for Amending the School Dress Code To Accommodate Student Uniforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullatt, David E.

    1999-01-01

    A survey was mailed to all 66 Louisiana public school district superintendents and to 50 state department of education superintendents on school district policy regarding student dress code and student/faculty uniform use. States reported no statute or mandate for student uniforms. Uniform policy was optional and popular in 36 Louisiana districts.…

  14. The Analytic Structure of Non-Global Logarithms: Convergence of the Dressed Gluon Expansion

    CERN Document Server

    Larkoski, Andrew J; Neill, Duff

    2016-01-01

    Non-global logarithms (NGLs) are the leading manifestation of correlations between distinct phase space regions in QCD and gauge theories and have proven a challenge to understand using traditional resummation techniques. Recently, the dressed gluon expansion was introduced that enables an expansion of the NGL series in terms of a "dressed gluon" building block, defined by an all-orders factorization theorem. Here, we clarify the nature of the dressed gluon expansion, and prove that it has an infinite radius of convergence as a solution to the leading logarithmic and large-$N_c$ master equation for NGLs, the Banfi-Marchesini-Smye (BMS) equation. The dressed gluon expansion therefore provides an expansion of the NGL series that can be truncated at any order, with reliable uncertainty estimates. In contrast, manifest in the results of the fixed-order expansion of the BMS equation up to 12-loops is a breakdown of convergence at a finite value of $\\alpha_s$log. We explain this finite radius of convergence using t...

  15. Use of a new silver barrier dressing, ALLEVYN Ag in exuding chronic wounds.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kotz, Paula

    2009-06-01

    Recognising and managing wounds at risk of infection is vital in wound management. ALLEVYN Ag dressings have been designed to manage exudate in chronic wounds that are at risk of infection; are displaying signs of local infection; or where a suspected increase in bacterial colonisation is delaying healing. They combine an absorbent silver sulfadiazine containing hydrocellular foam layer, with a perforated wound contact layer and highly breathable top film. The results presented are from a multi-centre clinical evaluation of 126 patients conducted to assess the performance of ALLEVYN Ag (Adhesive, Non Adhesive and Sacrum dressings) in a range of indications. Clinicians rated the dressings as acceptable for use in various wound types in 88% of patients. The majority of clinical signs of infection reduced between the initial and the final assessment. The condition of wound tissue and surrounding skin was observed to improve, and there was significant evidence of a reduction in the level of exudate from initial to final assessment (p < 0.001). Clinicians rated ALLEVYN Ag as satisfying or exceeding expectations in over 90% of patients. The evaluation showed the dressings to offer real benefits to patients and clinicians across multiple indications when used in conjunction with local protocols.

  16. Evaluation of Representative Microbiological Sampling Sites of Goat and Sheep Dressed Carcasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. N. Rawal

    1980-07-01

    Full Text Available Statistical analysis of data of number of sampling points for microbial counts representing the entire goat/sheep carcass was carried out. Thirtytwo sampling points were evaluated out of which fourteen were found to represent the entire dressed carcass for assessing its hygienic efficacy.

  17. LINGAM AS A SACRED OBJECT AND THE HEAD-DRESS OF SUFI RESEMBLING IT

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdihassan, S.

    1990-01-01

    This study scans into past of ancient man and discusses meticulously how the reproductive organ Lingam became sacred object to Hindus and why a sufi wore a phallus shaped head-dress resembling to it. In this manner the author demystifies here the procreation, the law of nature.

  18. THE ROLE OF PAPAYA DRESSINGS IN THE MAN AGEMENT OF DIABETIC FOOT ULCERS: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bapurapu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES : To determine the role of grated papaya fruit dressings in the management of diabetic foot ulcers. STUDY DESIGN: In our study, all the patients with diabetic foot ulcers (n=94 were included. The initial management was control of hyperglycemia, surgical debridement, ant ibiotics and then wound care with the help of grated papaya dressings. In this study, dressings were changed every 24 hours. The wound was considered healthy, when it was covered with healthy granulation tissue and had epithelial growth on wound edges. RES ULTS: In this study, results reveal that majority (83.0% of the patients were male. Among them, surgical debridement was done for sixty three patients (67.2% and thirty one patients (33.8% required amputation. After the initial surgical debridement papaya dr essings were needed in about 89.0%. Six patients (7% needed further surgical debridement and four (4.0% required amputations. Duration of healing was 17 to 28 days. Mean healing period was 21.56 days. CONCLUSION: Topical grated papaya dressings provide g ood enzymatic wound debridement. It is cost effective, reduces the duration of healing time, number of surgical debridements required and reduces the incidence of amputation

  19. School Dress Codes in Post-Scarcity Japan: Contradictions and Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamura, Yuichi

    2007-01-01

    Focusing on dress codes, this article aims at providing a better understanding of current practices of youth socialization in Japanese schools and of cultural consequences of post-scarcity on schools. Since the late 1980s, there has been a national trend among Japanese secondary schools granting students more freedom of individual expression…

  20. Porous dressings of modified chitosan with poly(2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) for topical wound delivery of levofloxacin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siafaka, Panoraia I; Zisi, Asimina P; Exindari, Maria K; Karantas, Ioannis D; Bikiaris, Dimitrios N

    2016-06-01

    Absorbable and non-absorbable dressings have been fabricated into sponges via a modified thermally induced phase separation method, using a grafted derivative of chitosan with 2-hydroxyethylacrylate (CS-g-PHEA). The material was synthesized via free-radical polymerization and was characterized with FT-IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopies. The swelling ability, biocompatibility and biodegradability of the dressings were evaluated through in vitro assays while antibacterial studies were performed using three different bacterial strains, Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Levofloxacin was used as model drug at different concentrations. Morphological characterization of the drug loaded dressings was performed by scanning electron microscopy, while drug-matrix interactions were evaluated by FT-IR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction studies were carried out for the identification of the physical state for both neat and drug loaded materials. The prepared dressings showed a significant inhibition zone of the bacteria indicating the antibacterial property of the materials and loaded sponges. PMID:27083347

  1. Is It Appropriate for a County Mayor To Dress Up to Attract Tourists?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    During the past National Day holiday (October 1-7), north China’s Shanxi Province presented various tourism programs to attract tourists from home and abroad. The highlight is undoubtedly Pingyao County’s ancient-style ceremony of welcoming visitors. The mayor of the county dressed up as a county official in the Qing Dynasty (1644-

  2. An investigation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm growth on novel nanocellulose fibre dressings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Lydia C; Khan, Saira; Chinga-Carrasco, Gary; Wright, Chris J; Hill, Katja E; Thomas, David W

    2016-02-10

    Nanocellulose from wood is a novel biomaterial, which is highly fibrillated at the nanoscale. This affords the material a number of advantages, including self-assembly, biodegradability and the ability to absorb and retain moisture, which highlights its potential usefulness in clinical wound-dressing applications. In these in vitro studies, the wound pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 was used to assess the ability of two nanocellulose materials to impair bacterial growth (nanocelluloses had a relatively small fraction of residual fibres (nanocellulose films and increased cell death when compared to a commercial control wound dressing, Aquacel(®). Nanocellulose suspensions inhibited bacterial growth, whilst UV-vis spectrophotometry and laser profilometry also revealed the ability of nanocellulose to form smooth, translucent films. Atomic force microscopy studies of the surface properties of nanocellulose demonstrated that PAO1 exhibited markedly contrasting morphology when grown on the nanocellulose film surfaces compared to an Aquacel(®) control dressing (p<0.05). This study highlights the potential utility of these biodegradable materials, from a renewable source, for wound dressing applications in the prevention and treatment of biofilm development. PMID:26686120

  3. Leaching of the Neonicotinoids Thiamethoxam and Imidacloprid from Sugar Beet Seed Dressings to Subsurface Tile Drains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wettstein, Felix E; Kasteel, Roy; Garcia Delgado, Maria F; Hanke, Irene; Huntscha, Sebastian; Balmer, Marianne E; Poiger, Thomas; Bucheli, Thomas D

    2016-08-24

    Pesticide transport from seed dressings toward subsurface tile drains is still poorly understood. We monitored the neonicotinoid insecticides imidacloprid and thiamethoxam from sugar beet seed dressings in flow-proportional drainage water samples, together with spray applications of bromide and the herbicide S-metolachlor in spring and the fungicides epoxiconazole and kresoxim-methyl in summer. Event-driven, high first concentration maxima up to 2830 and 1290 ng/L for thiamethoxam and imidacloprid, respectively, were followed by an extended period of tailing and suggested preferential flow. Nevertheless, mass recoveries declined in agreement with the degradation and sorption properties collated in the groundwater ubiquity score, following the order bromide (4.9%), thiamethoxam (1.2%), imidacloprid (0.48%), kresoxim-methyl acid (0.17%), S-metolachlor (0.032%), epoxiconazole (0.013%), and kresoxim-methyl (0.003%), and indicated increased leaching from seed dressings compared to spray applications. Measured concentrations and mass recoveries indicate that subsurface tile drains contribute to surface water contamination with neonicotinoids from seed dressings. PMID:27529118

  4. The use of polyurethane foam as an antimicrobial dressing material in hand surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebil Yesiloglu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Polyurethane foam is generally used in negative pressure-assisted wound closure therapy. It provides an antimicrobial environment around the wound, while reducing the rate of skin maceration. The authors used polyurethane foam in routine hand dressings after hand surgery operations that were performed for both congenital and acquired purposes. [Hand Microsurg 2015; 4(3.000: 91-92

  5. Ponderomotive dressing of doubly-excited states with intensity-controlled laser light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ding Thomas

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We laser-dress several doubly-excited states in helium. Tuning the coupling-laser intensity from perturbative to the strong-coupling regime, we are able to measure phases imprinted on the two-electron wavefunctions, and observe a new continuum coupling mechanism.

  6. Chlorhexidine Gluconate Dressings Reduce Bacterial Colonization Rates in Epidural and Peripheral Regional Catheters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Kerwat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Bacterial colonization of catheter tips is common in regional anesthesia and is a suspected risk factor for infectious complications. This is the first study evaluating the effect of CHG-impregnated dressings on bacterial colonization of regional anesthesia catheters in a routine clinical setting. Methods. In this prospective study, regional anesthesia catheter infection rates were examined in two groups of patients with epidural and peripheral regional catheters. In the first group, regional anesthesia was dressed with a conventional draping. The second group of patients underwent catheter dressing using a CHG-impregnated draping. Removed catheters and the insertion sites were both screened for bacterial colonization. Results. A total of 337 catheters from 308 patients were analysed. There was no significant reduction of local infections in either epidural or peripheral regional anesthesia catheters in both CHG and conventional groups. In the conventional group, 21% of the catheter tips and 41% of the insertion sites showed positive culture results. In the CHG-group, however, only 3% of the catheter tips and 8% of the insertion sites were colonised. Conclusion. CHG dressings significantly reduce bacterial colonization of the tip and the insertion site of epidural and peripheral regional catheters. However, no reductions in rates of local infections were seen.

  7. Dressed Gain from the Parametrically Amplified Four-Wave Mixing Process in an Atomic Vapor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhaoyang; Wen, Feng; Che, Junling; Zhang, Dan; Li, Changbiao; Zhang, Yanpeng; Xiao, Min

    2015-10-01

    With a forward cone emitting from the strong pump laser in a thermal rubidium atomic vapor, we investigate the non-degenerate parametrically amplified four-wave mixing (PA-FWM) process with dressing effects in a three-level “double-Λ” configuration both theoretically and experimentally. By seeding a weak probe field into the Stokes or anti-Stokes channel of the FWM, the gain processes are generated in the bright twin beams which are called conjugate and probe beams, respectively. However, the strong dressing effect of the pump beam will dramatically affect the gain factors both in the probe and conjugate channels, and can inevitably impose an influence on the quantum effects such as entangled degree and the quantum noise reduction between the two channels. We systematically investigate the intensity evolution of the dressed gain processes by manipulating the atomic density, the Rabi frequency and the frequency detuning. Such dressing effects are also visually evidenced by the observation of Autler-Townes splitting of the gain peaks. The investigation can contribute to the development of quantum information processing and quantum communications.

  8. DSE inspired model for the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, L; Moutarde, H; Roberts, C D; Rodríguez-Quintero, J; Sabatié, F

    2015-01-01

    We sketch here an approach to the computation of generalised parton distributions (GPDs), based upon a rainbow-ladder (RL) truncation of QCD's Dyson-Schwinger equations and exemplified via the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD, $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,\\xi,t)$. Our analysis focuses on the case of zero skewness, $\\xi=0$, and underlines that the impulse-approximation used hitherto to define the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD is generally invalid owing to omission of contributions from the gluons which bind dressed-quarks into the pion. A simple correction enables us to identify a practicable improvement to the approximation for $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,0,t)$, expressed as the Radon transform of a single amplitude. Therewith we obtain results for $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,0,t)$ and the associated impact-parameter dependent distribution, $q_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,|\\vec{b}_\\perp|)$, which provide a qualitatively sound picture of the pion's dressed-quark structure at an hadronic scale.

  9. A New Case of DRESS Syndrome Induced by Sulfasalazine and Triggered by Amoxicillin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Girelli

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Drug Rash Eosinophilia Systemic Symptoms (DRESS syndrome is a systemic hypersensitivity reaction characterized by exfoliative dermatitis and maculopapular rash, lymphadenopathy, fever, eosinophilia, leukocytosis, and involvement of internal organs as liver, lung, heart, and kidney; the disorder starts within 2–6 weeks after taking a drug with an incidence that ranges from 1/1000 to 1/10000 exposures. Fatal cases are reported. The exact pathogenesis of DRESS syndrome is not completely understood, while it is reported that amoxicillin could trigger it in patients who are taking allopurinol, sulfasalazine, NSAIDs, carbamazepine, strontium ranelate, lisinopril, lansoprazole, and minocycline. Amoxicillin could act directly, inducing the reactivation of a viral infection (HHV 6 and EBV with symptoms similar to DRESS syndrome or by reducing the patients’ ability to detoxify the body from substances chronically taken. We describe a case of a patient admitted to our hospital for a DRESS syndrome flared after amoxicilline intake during treatment with sulfasalazine; this combination can activate severe reactions often with an insidious onset that can mimic an infectious disease.

  10. A fatal case of DRESS induced by strontium ranelate associated with HHV-7 reactivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drago, F; Cogorno, L; Broccolo, F; Ciccarese, G; Parodi, A

    2016-03-01

    We report the first case of drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) following strontium ranelate (SR) treatment associated with systemic human HHV-7 reactivation. DRESS syndrome is a severe adverse drug-induced reaction presenting as a diffuse maculopapular skin rash with fever, hematological abnormalities (leukocytosis, eosinophilia, and/or atypical lymphocytosis), and multiorgan involvement. In our patient, diagnosis of DRESS was confirmed by the presence of six of the seven diagnostic criteria established in 2006 by the Japanese Research Committee on Severe Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction: maculopapular skin rash developing at least 3 weeks after starting therapy with a limited number of drugs, prolonged clinical symptoms after discontinuation of the causative drug, lymphadenopathy, fever, leukocyte abnormalities, and liver abnormalities. The diagnostic criteria of human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 reactivation have not been fulfilled in our patient, but a HHV-7 active infection was demonstrated by the presence of HHV-7 DNA and IgM in the patient's serum. In fact, in some DRESS instances, reactivation of HHVs other than HHV-6 may be detected, including HHV-7, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Our case underlines that not only HHV-6 but also HHV-7 systemic reactivation may be associated with a more severe and even fatal course of this syndrome. PMID:26519419

  11. Smart Dressings Based on Nanostructured Fibers Containing Natural Origin Antimicrobial, Anti-Inflammatory, and Regenerative Compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanesa Andreu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A fast and effective wound healing process would substantially decrease medical costs, wound care supplies, and hospitalization significantly improving the patients’ quality of life. The search for effective therapeutic approaches seems to be imperative in order to avoid the aggravation of chronic wounds. In spite of all the efforts that have been made during the recent years towards the development of artificial wound dressings, none of the currently available options combine all the requirements necessary for quick and optimal cutaneous regeneration. Therefore, technological advances in the area of temporary and permanent smart dressings for wound care are required. The development of nanoscience and nanotechnology can improve the materials and designs used in topical wound care in order to efficiently release antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and regenerative compounds speeding up the endogenous healing process. Nanostructured dressings can overcome the limitations of the current coverings and, separately, natural origin components can also overcome the drawbacks of current antibiotics and antiseptics (mainly cytotoxicity, antibiotic resistance, and allergies. The combination of natural origin components with demonstrated antibiotic, regenerative, or anti-inflammatory properties together with nanostructured materials is a promising approach to fulfil all the requirements needed for the next generation of bioactive wound dressings. Microbially compromised wounds have been treated with different essential oils, honey, cationic peptides, aloe vera, plant extracts, and other natural origin occurring antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and regenerative components but the available evidence is limited and insufficient to be able to draw reliable conclusions and to extrapolate those findings to the clinical practice. The evidence and some promising preliminary results indicate that future comparative studies are justified but instead of talking about

  12. Biological Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Workplace Plans School Emergency Plans Main Content Biological Threats Biological agents are organisms or toxins that can ... for Disease Control and Prevention . Before a Biological Threat Unlike an explosion, a biological attack may or ...

  13. Production of shelf-stable ranch dressing using high-pressure processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waite, J G; Jones, J M; Turek, E J; Dunne, C P; Wright, A O; Yang, T C S; Beckwitt, R; Yousef, A E

    2009-03-01

    High-pressure processing (HPP) can reduce or eliminate microorganisms of concern in food without deteriorating product quality; however, quality benefits must justify the substantial capital investment for the utilization of this technology. HPP is particularly a beneficial preservation technology for products damaged by thermal treatments or when product quality could be improved by reformulation to raise pH or eliminate chemical preservatives. The primary objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of HPP to protect premium ranch dressing (pH 4.4) from microbial spoilage and to assess changes in physical, chemical, and sensory attributes throughout the product's shelf life. In inoculated-packages studies, the efficacy of HPP was measured against ranch dressing spoilage organisms: Pediococcus acidilactici, Lactobacillus brevis, and Torulaspora delbrueckii. HPP treatment (600 MPa, 3 min) decreased population of P. acidilactici, the most pressure-resistant spoilage organism tested, by >or= 6.4 log CFU/g. During a shelf-life study of edible product, treating ranch dressing at 600 MPa for 5 min effectively prevented microbial spoilage throughout the storage period (26 wk at 4 and 26 degrees C). The pH and emulsion stability of ranch dressing were not adversely influenced by HPP. Extended storage of HPP product for 16 to 26 wk at 26 degrees C resulted in a decrease in consumer acceptance and significant changes in color and organic acid profile (specifically, increased pyroglutamic acid). These changes were consistent with those expected during extended storage of commercially available products. HPP may be used to produce premium ranch dressing, with defined shelf-life and storage conditions, without significantly changing product attributes. PMID:19323763

  14. On-machine precision preparation and dressing of ball-headed diamond wheel for the grinding of fused silica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Mingjun; Li, Ziang; Yu, Bo; Peng, Hui; Fang, Zhen

    2013-09-01

    In the grinding of high quality fused silica parts with complex surface or structure using ball-headed metal bonded diamond wheel with small diameter, the existing dressing methods are not suitable to dress the ball-headed diamond wheel precisely due to that they are either on-line in process dressing which may causes collision problem or without consideration for the effects of the tool setting error and electrode wear. An on-machine precision preparation and dressing method is proposed for ball-headed diamond wheel based on electrical discharge machining. By using this method the cylindrical diamond wheel with small diameter is manufactured to hemispherical-headed form. The obtained ball-headed diamond wheel is dressed after several grinding passes to recover geometrical accuracy and sharpness which is lost due to the wheel wear. A tool setting method based on high precision optical system is presented to reduce the wheel center setting error and dimension error. The effect of electrode tool wear is investigated by electrical dressing experiments, and the electrode tool wear compensation model is established based on the experimental results which show that the value of wear ratio coefficient K' tends to be constant with the increasing of the feed length of electrode and the mean value of K' is 0.156. Grinding experiments of fused silica are carried out on a test bench to evaluate the performance of the preparation and dressing method. The experimental results show that the surface roughness of the finished workpiece is 0.03 μm. The effect of the grinding parameter and dressing frequency on the surface roughness is investigated based on the measurement results of the surface roughness. This research provides an on-machine preparation and dressing method for ball-headed metal bonded diamond wheel used in the grinding of fused silica, which provides a solution to the tool setting method and the effect of electrode tool wear.

  15. Dressing of fine grained diamond grinding wheels for ultra precision grinding of structured molds in brittle hard materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bletek, Thomas; Klocke, Fritz; Hünten, Martin; Dambon, Olaf

    2013-09-01

    The manufacturing of structured molds calls for alternatives in terms of grinding wheel geometry and dressing. To manufacture geometric features in the micron range on molds, sharp edged fine grained grinding wheels can be used. A dressing procedure with metal alloy blocks is used to create sharp edged grinding wheels. This paper presents results and achieved tip radii of dressed resin bonded and metal bonded grinding wheels. Furthermore, a grinding test on a tungsten carbide mold is carried out to create a diffractive structure and the achieved form accuracy and surface roughness are presented.

  16. Polyurethane film dressings and ceramide 2-containing hydrocolloid dressing reduce the risk of pressure ulcer development in high-risk patients undergoing surgery: a matched case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohta M

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Masushi Kohta,1 Kazumi Sakamoto,2 Tsunao Oh-i31Medical Engineering Laboratory, ALCARE Co, Ltd, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, 2Department of Nursing, 3Department of Dermatology, Tokyo Medical University Ibaraki Medical Center, Ami, Ibaraki, JapanBackground: Numerous clinical challenges regarding adhesive dressings have shown that using an adhesive dressing could minimize or prevent superficial skin loss in patients at risk of developing pressure ulcers. However, evidence that polyurethane film dressings and ceramide 2-containing hydrocolloid dressing can reduce the risk of pressure ulcer development in high-risk patients undergoing surgery is limited. Therefore, we assessed the effects of application of these dressings for reducing the risk of pressure ulcer development in these patients and identified other risk factors.Methods: A matched case-control study was conducted involving 254 patients at high risk for pressure ulcer development at one acute care hospital in Japan. No patients in this study had a pressure ulcer at the start of the study. Thirty-one patients developed a pressure ulcer during surgery, and these patients were defined as cases. Controls were randomly matched for sex and age (±4 years, from which 62 patients were selected. Medical records were obtained for preoperative factors, including age, sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, albumin, total protein, C-reactive protein, white cell count, red cell count, and hemoglobin, and for intraoperative factors, including dressing application, operation time, body position, and surgery type. The odds ratio (OR and 95% confidence interval (CI were determined to identify risk factors for pressure ulcer development in patients undergoing surgery.Results: By multiple logistic regression analysis, there was a significantly reduced risk of pressure ulcer development for patients who had dressing applications as compared with those without dressing applications (OR 0.063; 95% CI 0.012–0.343; P=0

  17. Lipid oxidation in milk, yoghurt, and salad dressing enriched with neat fish oil or pre-emulsified fish oil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruni Let, Mette; Jacobsen, Charlotte; Meyer, Anne S.

    2007-01-01

    Abstract: This study compared the oxidative stabilities of fish-oil-enriched milk, yoghurt, and salad dressing and investigated the effects on oxidation of adding either neat fish oil or a fish-oil-in-water emulsion to these products. Milk emulsions had higher levels of a fishy off-flavor and...... oxidized faster, as determined by the peroxide value and volatile oxidation products, than fish-oil-enriched yoghurt and dressing, despite the fact that dressings had a higher fish oil content and were stored at room temperature. Additionally, fish-oil-enriched yoghurt generally had higher oxidative...... stability than fish-oil-enriched dressings, irrespective of the mode of fish oil addition. Yoghurt thus seemed to be a good delivery system of lipids containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Different effects of adding fish oil either as neat fish oil or as a fish-oil-in-water emulsion were observed for...

  18. Bottom Dressing by a Dual-arm Robot Using a Clothing State Estimation Based on Dynamic Shape Changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimitoshi Yamazaki

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes an autonomous robot’s method of dressing a subject in clothing. Our target task is to dress a person in the sitting pose. We especially focus on the action whereby a robot automatically pulls a pair of trousers up the subject’s legs, an action frequently needed in dressing assistance. To avoid injuring the subject’s legs, the robot should be able to recognize the state of the manipulated clothing. Therefore, while handling the clothing, the robot is supplied with both visual and tactile sensory information. A dressing failure is detected by the visual sensing of the behaviour of optical flows extracted from the clothing’s movements. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is implemented and validated in a life-sized humanoid robot.

  19. Surgical site infections following colorectal cancer surgery: a randomized prospective trial comparing common and advanced antimicrobial dressing containing ionic silver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biffi Roberto

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background An antimicrobial dressing containing ionic silver was found effective in reducing surgical-site infection in a preliminary study of colorectal cancer elective surgery. We decided to test this finding in a randomized, double-blind trial. Methods Adults undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgery at two university-affiliated hospitals were randomly assigned to have the surgical incision dressed with Aquacel® Ag Hydrofiber dressing or a common dressing. To blind the patient and the nursing and medical staff to the nature of the dressing used, scrub nurses covered Aquacel® Ag Hydrofiber with a common wound dressing in the experimental arm, whereas a double common dressing was applied to patients of control group. The primary end-point of the study was the occurrence of any surgical-site infection within 30 days of surgery. Results A total of 112 patients (58 in the experimental arm and 54 in the control group qualified for primary end-point analysis. The characteristics of the patient population and their surgical procedures were similar. The overall rate of surgical-site infection was lower in the experimental group (11.1% center 1, 17.5% center 2; overall 15.5% than in controls (14.3% center 1, 24.2% center 2, overall 20.4%, but the observed difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.451, even with respect to surgical-site infection grade 1 (superficial versus grades 2 and 3, or grade 1 and 2 versus grade 3. Conclusions This randomized trial did not confirm a statistically significant superiority of Aquacel® Ag Hydrofiber dressing in reducing surgical-site infection after elective colorectal cancer surgery. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00981110

  20. Scalp ulceration from a circumferential head dressing after craniotomy: Case report of an uncommon complication due to human error

    OpenAIRE

    Singhal, Ashutosh; Bray, Peter W.; Bernstein, Mark

    2004-01-01

    The present paper describes a previously unpublished complication of the application of a circumferential head dressing after cranial neuro-surgery. A 34-year-old woman developed a large area of skin necrosis on her forehead from a circumferential head dressing applied after the surgical removal of a colloid cyst. Neurological recovery was excellent but plastic surgical repair of her iatrogenic cosmetic injury was required.

  1. A review of the applications of the hydrofiber dressing with silver (Aquacel Ag®) in wound care

    OpenAIRE

    Yoav Barnea; Jerry Weiss; Eyal Gur

    2009-01-01

    Yoav Barnea, Jerry Weiss, Eyal GurDepartment of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, IsraelAbstract: Aquacel Ag® (ConvaTec, Princeton, NJ, USA) is a new hydrofiber wound dressing consisting of soft non-woven sodium carboxymethylcellulose fibers integrated with ionic silver. It is a moisture-retention dressing, which forms a gel on contact with wound fluid and has antimicrob...

  2. The relationship between body image and the Muslim religious dress code of South African Indian Muslim female adolescents / Yasmin Seedat

    OpenAIRE

    Seedat, Yasmin

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on the relationship between body image and the Muslim religious dress code of South African Indian Muslim female adolescents. During the literature search conducted by the researcher no research specifically on body image of female adolescents when wearing the Muslim dress code in South Africa could be found. South African Indian Muslim adolescents are faced with challenges in a changing environment. In the aftermath of 9/11 South African Indian Muslim adolescent females ar...

  3. Is the possibility of replacing seed dressings containing neonicotinoids with other means of protection viable in major Polish agricultural crops?

    OpenAIRE

    Matyjaszczyk Ewa; Sobczak Joanna; Szulc Magdalena

    2015-01-01

    Following the limitations regarding the use of the neonicotinoids: clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid there are no currently available insecticide seed dressings for oilseed rape in Poland. For maize here is only one seed dressing containing methiocarb available with a very narrow registered scope of use. The impact of limitations on protection possibilities of other major Polish agricultural crops is either negligible or non-existent. In consequence a group of economically important...

  4. Moist dressing coverage supports proliferation and migration of transplanted skin micrografts in full-thickness porcine wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackl, Florian; Kiwanuka, Elizabeth; Philip, Justin; Gerner, Philipp; Aflaki, Pejman; Diaz-Siso, J Rodrigo; Sisk, Geoffroy; Caterson, E J; Junker, Johan P E; Eriksson, Elof

    2014-03-01

    Transplantation of skin micrografts in a 1:100 ratio regenerate the epidermis of full-thickness wounds in pigs within 14 days in a wet environment. The aim of the current study was to combine micrografts and commercially available moist dressings. We hypothesized that micrografts regenerate the epidermis when covered with a moist dressing. 5cm×5cm and 10cm×10cm full-thickness wounds were created on the backs of pigs. Wounds were transplanted with 0.8mm×0.8mm micrografts created from a split-thickness skin graft in a 1:100 ratio. 5cm×5cm wounds were treated with wound chambers, moist dressings or dry gauze (non-transplanted control group). 10cm×10cm wounds were compared to non-transplanted wounds, both covered with moist dressings. Reepithelialization was assessed in biopsies from day 10, 14 and 18 post-transplantation. 5cm×5cm transplanted wounds covered with moist dressings showed 69.5±20.6% reepithelialization by day 14 and 90.5±10.4% by day 18, similar to wounds covered with a wound chamber (63.9±16.7 and 86.2±11.9%, respectively). 18 days post-transplantation, 10cm×10cm transplanted wounds covered with moist dressings showed 66.1±10.3% reepithelialization, whereas nontransplanted wounds covered with moist dressings were 40.6±6.6% reepithelialized. We conclude that micrografts combined with clinically available moist dressings regenerate the epidermis of full-thickness wounds. PMID:23838078

  5. Clinically relevant pain relief with an ibuprofen-releasing foam dressing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fogh, Karsten; Andersen, Maibritt B; Bischoff-Mikkelsen, Morten;

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this 6-week, 120-patient, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was to investigate if a foam dressing with ibuprofen provided clinically relevant pain relief (PAR) for exuding, painful venous leg ulcers in comparison with a similar foam dressing without ibuprofen. Primary...... corresponding number needed to treat (NNT). Wound-related parameters such as ulcer healing, ulcer area reduction, and peri-ulcer skin condition as well as adverse events were recorded during all 6 weeks of the investigation. PAR was significantly greater in the ibuprofen foam group than the comparator group (p...... = 0.0438). There were 34% responders in the ibuprofen foam group vs. 19% in the comparator group (NNT = 6.8). When evening data were analyzed separately to evaluate PAR over daytime, NNT was 5.3. Wound healing parameters and adverse events were comparable. In conclusion, in this study, the ibuprofen...

  6. Heterointerface effects on the nonlinear optical rectification in a laser-dressed graded quantum well

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niculescu, Ecaterina C.; Eseanu, Nicoleta; Radu, Adrian

    2013-05-01

    An investigation of the laser radiation effects on the nonlinear optical rectification in an AlGaAs inverse parabolic quantum well with asymmetrical barriers is performed within the effective mass approximation, taking into account the dielectric mismatch between the semiconductor and the surrounding medium. Using the accurate dressing effect for the confinement potential and electrostatic self-energy due to the image-charges, we prove that: (i) a spatially dependent effective mass in the laser-dressing parameter definition is required for precise calculations of the energy levels; (ii) the dielectric confinement provides a potential mechanism for controlling electronic states and optical properties of quantum wells. In addition, the laser dependence of the energy where the optical rectification reaches its maximum can be adjusted by external electric fields. The joint action of the intense high-frequency laser and static electric fields may provide tuning of the nonlinear properties in this type of dielectrically modulated heterostructures.

  7. Dressed Polyakov loop and phase diagram of hot quark matter under magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Gatto, Raoul

    2010-01-01

    We evaluate the dressed Polyakov loop for hot quark matter in strong magnetic field. To compute the finite temperature effective potential, we use the Polyakov extended Nambu-Jona Lasinio model with eight-quark interactions taken into account. The bare quark mass is adjusted in order to reproduce the physical value of the vacuum pion mass. Our results show that the dressed Polyakov loop is very sensitive to the strenght of the magnetic field, and it is capable to capture both the deconfinement crossover and the chiral crossover. Besides, we compute self-consistently the phase diagram of the model. We find a tiny split of the two aforementioned crossovers as the strength of the magnetic field is increased. Concretely, for the largest value of magnetic field investigated here, $eB=19 m_\\pi^2$, the split is of the order of $10\\%$. A qualitative comparison with other effective models and recent Lattice results is also performed.

  8. Electrospun PCL membranes incorporated with biosynthesized silver nanoparticles as antibacterial wound dressings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustine, Robin; Kalarikkal, Nandakumar; Thomas, Sabu

    2016-03-01

    An open wound is highly prone to bacterial colonization and infection. Bacterial barrier property is an important factor that determines the success of a wound coverage material. Apart from the bacterial barrier property, presence of antibacterial agents can successfully eliminate the invasion and colonization of pathogen in the wound. Silver nanoparticles are well-known antimicrobial agents against a wide range of microorganisms. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles are more acceptable for medical applications due to superior biocompatibility than chemically synthesized ones. Presence of biomolecules on biosynthesized silver nanoparticles enhances its therapeutic efficiency. Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a well-known material for biomedical applications including wound dressings. Electrospinning is an excellent technique for the fabrication of thin membranes for wound coverage applications with barrier property against microbes. In this paper, we report the fabrication and characterization of electrospun PCL membranes incorporated with biosynthesized silver nanoparticles for wound dressing applications.

  9. Dressed elliptic genus of heterotic compactifications with torsion and general bundles

    CERN Document Server

    Israel, Dan

    2016-01-01

    We define and compute the dressed elliptic genus of N = 2 heterotic compactifications with torsion that are principal two-torus bundles over a K3 surface. We consider the most general gauge bundle compatible with supersymmetry, a stable holomorphic vector bundle over the base together with an Abelian bundle over the total space, generalizing the computation previously done by the authors in the absence of the latter. Starting from a (0,2) gauged linear sigma-model with torsion we use supersymmetric localization to obtain the result. We provide also a mathematical definition of the dressed elliptic genus as a modified Euler characteristic and prove that both expressions agree for hypersurfaces in weighted projective spaces. Finally we show that it admits a natural decomposition in terms of N = 4 superconformal characters, that may be useful to investigate moonshine phenomena for this wide class of N = 2 vacua, that includes K3*T2 compactifications as special cases.

  10. Antibacterial performance of polypropylene nonwoven fabric wound dressing surfaces containing passive and active components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Zhirong; Du, Shanshan; Zhao, Chunyu; Chen, Hao; Sun, Miao; Yan, Shunjie; Luan, Shifang; Yin, Jinghua

    2016-03-01

    A growing number of wound dressing-related nosocomial infections necessitate the development of novel antibacterial strategies. Herein, polypropylene non-woven fabric (PPNWF) was facilely modified with passive and active antibacterial components, namely photografting polymerization both N-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP) and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) monomers, and the introduction of guanidine polymer through the reaction between active amino groups and epoxy groups. The modified samples were confirmed by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. Water contact angle measurement, antibacterial test, platelet and red blood cell adhesion were used to evaluate the hydrophilicity, antibacterial properties and hemocompatibility of the samples. It was found that the antibacterial properties were obviously enhanced, meanwhile significantly suppressing platelet and red blood cell adhesion after the above modification. This PPNWF samples that possess antifouling and antimicrobial properties, have great potential in wound dressing applications.

  11. Dyson-Schwinger Approach to Color-Superconductivity: Effects of Selfconsistent Gluon Dressing

    CERN Document Server

    Müller, Daniel; Wambach, Jochen

    2016-01-01

    The phase diagram of dense QCD at nonvanishing temperatures and large quark chemical potentials is studied with Dyson-Schwinger equations for 2+1 quark flavors, focusing on color-superconducting phases with 2SC and CFL-like pairing. The truncation scheme of our previous investigations is extended to include the dressing of gluons with selfconsistently determined quarks, i.e., taking into account the dynamical masses and superconducting gaps of the quarks in the gluon polarization. As a consequence the gluon screening is reduced, leading to an enhancement of the critical temperatures of the color-superconducting phases by about a factor of 2 as compared to the case where the gluons are dressed with bare quarks. We also calculate the Debye and Meissner masses of the gluons and show that they are consistent with weak-coupling results.

  12. Dynamical Casimir–Polder force on a partially dressed atom in a cavity comprising a dielectric

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, H.; Zheng, T.Y., E-mail: zhengty@nenu.edu.cn; Zhang, X.; Shao, X.Q.; Pan, S.M., E-mail: pansm717@nenu.edu.cn

    2014-05-15

    We put a two-level atom into a cavity comprising a dielectric with output coupling. An analytical expression of the dynamical Casimir–Polder force in such a system is obtained when the system starts from a partially dressed state. And the effects of several relevant parameters of the system on the time-dependent force are also discussed. -- Highlights: •We get the dynamical CP force on a partially dressed atom in a dielectric cavity. •The force in this cavity is larger than that in infinite dielectric space. •The force is not symmetric with respect to the center of the cavity. •The oscillating time of the force increases with the cavity size.

  13. Dynamical Casimir–Polder force on a partially dressed atom in a cavity comprising a dielectric

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We put a two-level atom into a cavity comprising a dielectric with output coupling. An analytical expression of the dynamical Casimir–Polder force in such a system is obtained when the system starts from a partially dressed state. And the effects of several relevant parameters of the system on the time-dependent force are also discussed. -- Highlights: •We get the dynamical CP force on a partially dressed atom in a dielectric cavity. •The force in this cavity is larger than that in infinite dielectric space. •The force is not symmetric with respect to the center of the cavity. •The oscillating time of the force increases with the cavity size

  14. Atom-field dressed states in slow-light waveguide QED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calajó, Giuseppe; Ciccarello, Francesco; Chang, Darrick; Rabl, Peter

    2016-03-01

    We discuss the properties of atom-photon bound states in waveguide QED systems consisting of single or multiple atoms coupled strongly to a finite-bandwidth photonic channel. Such bound states are formed by an atom and a localized photonic excitation and represent the continuum analog of the familiar dressed states in single-mode cavity QED. Here we present a detailed analysis of the linear and nonlinear spectral features associated with single- and multiphoton dressed states and show how the formation of bound states affects the waveguide-mediated dipole-dipole interactions between separated atoms. Our results provide both a qualitative and quantitative description of the essential strong-coupling processes in waveguide QED systems, which are currently being developed in the optical and microwave regimes.

  15. Trapping and cooling of rf-dressed atoms in a quadrupole magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Morizot, Olivier; Pottie, Paul-Eric; Lorent, Vincent; Perrin, Hélène

    2007-01-01

    We observe the spontaneous evaporation of atoms confined in a bubble-like rf-dressed trap (Zobay and Garraway, 2001). The atoms are confined in a quadrupole magnetic trap and are dressed by a linearly polarized rf field. The evaporation is related to the presence of holes in the trap, at the positions where the rf coupling vanishes, due to its vectorial character. The final temperature results from a competition between residual heating and evaporation efficiency, which is controlled via the height of the holes with respect to the bottom of the trap. The experimental data are modeled by a Monte-Carlo simulation predicting a small increase in phase space density limited by the heating rate. This increase was within the phase space density determination uncertainty of the experiment.

  16. Hydrogel wound dressing preparation at the laboratory scale by using electron beam and gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present work describes the preparation of hydrogel based on cross-linked networks of poly (N-vinylpirrolidone), PVP, with polyethyleneglicol and agar with 90% water and PVP nancomposites with a synthetic nanoclay, Laponite XLG, for use as burn dressings. These systems were obtained in two ways: using gamma Co-60 and electron beam radiation. The gelation obtained dose was Dg= 1.72 kGy. The elastic modulus of hydrogel was independent of the method of irradiation. It was 0.39 MPa for the hydrogel irradiated with gamma Co-60 and 0.38 MPa for electron beam irradiation. The elastic modulus of the nanocomposite membrane was 1.25 MPa, three times higher. These results indicate that the PVP/Laponite XLG nanocomposite hydrogel membrane is the best choice for wound dressing applications due to its high water sorption capacity and its superior mechanical properties.

  17. R and D on utilization of indigenous materials for hydrogel wound dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Utilization of indigenous materials for the preparation of hydrogel wound dressing is highlighted in this report. Hydrogels were prepared by two different formulations using PVP and PVA separately. Considering the price of the main two raw materials PVA was chosen for the next course of development. To reduce the cost of raw materials further flour was added to the PVA formulation. Ingredients concentrations for preparing good quality hydrogel were optimized. PVA containing both carrageenan and flour produces hydrogel with good properties. PVA containing 0.75% of both carrageenan and flour produces hydrogel of desirable properties. Seminar and demonstration about the usefulness of hydrogel for wound dressing were arranged at a city hospital. (author)

  18. Accessing Rydberg-dressed interactions using many-body Ramsey dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukherjee, Rick; Killian, Thomas; Hazzard, Kaden

    2016-05-01

    We demonstrate that Ramsey spectroscopy can be used to observe Rydberg-dressed interactions in a many-body system. Our scheme operates comfortably within experimentally measured lifetimes, and accesses a regime where quantum superpositions are crucial. We build a spin-1/2 from one level that is Rydberg-dressed and another that is not. These levels may be hyperfine or long-lived electronic states. An Ising spin model governs the Ramsey dynamics, for which we derive an exact solution. Due to the structure of Rydberg interactions, the dynamics differs significantly from that in other spin systems. As one example, spin echo can increase the rate at which coherence decays. The results are relevant for the current ongoing experiments, including those at Rice University.

  19. Accessing Rydberg-dressed interactions using many-body Ramsey dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Mukherjee, Rick; Hazzard, Kaden R A

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate that Ramsey spectroscopy can be used to observe Rydberg-dressed interactions. In contrast to many prior proposals, our scheme operates comfortably within experimentally measured lifetimes, and accesses a regime where quantum superpositions are crucial. The key idea is to build a spin-1/2 from one level that is Rydberg-dressed and another that is not. These levels may be hyperfine or long-lived electronic states. An Ising spin model governs the Ramsey dynamics, for which we derive an exact solution. Due to the structure of Rydberg interactions, the dynamics differs significantly from that in other spin systems. As one example, spin echo can increase the rate at which coherence decays. The results also apply to bare (undressed) Rydberg states as a special case, for which we quantitatively reproduce recent ultrafast experiments without fitting.

  20. Counterconformity: an attribution model of adolescents' uniqueness-seeking behaviors in dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, I-Ling

    2008-01-01

    This article explores how an attribution model will illustrate uniqueness-seeking behavior in dressing in the Taiwanese adolescent subculture. The study employed 443 senior high school students. Results show that the tendency of uniqueness-seeking behavior in dressing is moderate. However, using cluster analysis to segment the counterconformity behavior of the subjects, the study demonstrates that there are two conspicuous types of segmentation "markets": rubber stamp and self-determined. The attribution models investigate the susceptibilities to informational and normative influence which have different direction impacts and weights on the adolescents' counterconformity behavior. More interestingly, path analyses indicate that consumer self-confidence mediates the relationship between informational influence and counterconformity behavior only on the rubber stamp type. This study then discusses how the adolescent consumers' need for uniqueness could be used in better understanding consumer behavior and the role consumption plays in their expression of identity. PMID:19149151

  1. The safety and efficacy of bacterial nanocellulose wound dressing incorporating sericin and polyhexamethylene biguanide: in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napavichayanun, Supamas; Yamdech, Rungnapha; Aramwit, Pornanong

    2016-03-01

    In our previous work, we have attempted to develop a novel bacterial nanocellulose wound dressing which composed of both polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) as an antimicrobial agent and sericin as an accelerative wound healing component. The loading sequence and concentration of PHMB and sericin were optimized to provide the wound dressing with the most effective antimicrobial activity and enhanced collagen production. In this study, further in vitro, in vivo, and clinical studies of this novel wound dressing were performed to evaluate its safety, efficacy, and applicability. For the in vitro cytotoxic test with L929 mouse fibroblast cells, our novel dressing was not toxic to the cells and also promoted cell migration as good as the commercially available dressing, possibly due to the component of sericin released. When implanted subcutaneously in rats, the lower inflammation response was observed for the novel dressing implanted, comparing to the commercially available dressing. This might be that the antimicrobial PHMB component of the novel dressing played a role to reduce infection and inflammation reaction. The clinical trial patch test was performed on the normal skin of healthy volunteers to evaluate the irritation effect of the dressing. Our novel dressing did not irritate the skin of any volunteers, as characterized by the normal levels of erythema and melanin and the absence of edema, papule, vesicle, and bullae. Then, the novel dressing was applied for the treatment of full-thickness wounds in rats. The wounds treated with our novel dressing showed significantly lower percentage of wound size and higher extent of collagen formation mainly due to the activity of sericin. We concluded that our novel bacterial nanocellulose incorporating PHMB and sericin was a safe and efficient wound dressing material for further investigation in the wound healing efficacy in clinic. PMID:26796543

  2. Disney's Fashionable Girls : Signs and symbols in the costume dress of Disney's female characters.

    OpenAIRE

    van Dam, Bianca

    2014-01-01

    Disney’s princesses and heroines have long captured the minds and hearts of young girls with their magical dress. This thesis researches the fashion symbols in a chosen set of animated movies and relate this to children’s reception, sexuality and gender issues and narrative identities. A semiotic analysis of the movies and relating them to read literature will shine a new light on this subject. 

  3. Bose-Einstein Condensate of Trimers Dressed by Atom-Dimer Cooper Pairs

    CERN Document Server

    Mackie, M; Dannenberg, O; Mackie, Matt; Piilo, Jyrki; Dannenberg, Olavi

    2004-01-01

    We theoretically examine the neutral atom-molecule analogue of the anomalous quantum correlations between degenerate electrons, i.e., Cooper pairs, that are responsible for superconductivity. Based on rogue dissociation of triatomic molecules (trimers) into opposite-momentum pairs of atoms and diatomic molecules (dimers) via a photoassociation or Feshbach resonance, we find a superfluid transition to a Bose-Einstein condensate of trimers dressed by atom-dimer Cooper pairs, at a critical temperature in reach of present ultracold technology.

  4. Window-Dressing and Lobbying in Performance-Budgeting: a Model for the Public Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Bischoff, Ivo; Blaeschke, Frédéric

    2012-01-01

    Performance budgeting schemes in the public sector have to operate with imperfect performance measures. We argue that these imperfections lead to wasteful fund-seeking (window dressing and lobbying) by the administrative units that produce public services. We develop a game-theoretical model to analyse the trade-off between the productivity-enhancing effect of performance budgeting and the social waste it induces. The optimal performancebudgeting scheme crucially depends on the objective func...

  5. Proposal for high-fidelity quantum simulation using a hybrid dressed state

    OpenAIRE

    Cai, Jianming; Cohen, Itsik; Retzker, Alex; Plenio, Martin B.

    2015-01-01

    A fundamental goal of quantum technologies concerns the exploitation of quantum coherent dynamics for the realisation of novel quantum applications such as quantum computing, quantum simulation, and quantum metrology. A key challenge on the way towards these goals remains the protection of quantum coherent dynamics from environmental noise. Here, we propose a concept of hybrid dressed state from a pair of continuously driven systems. It allows sufficiently strong driving fields to suppress th...

  6. Mandatory Uniform Dress Code Implementation and the Impact on Attendance, Achievement, and Perceptions of Classroom Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Ward, Ella Porter

    1999-01-01

    One of the many attempts to solve problems that plague America's schools is the implementation of uniform dress code policies. Those who favor uniforms contend that uniforms will increase attendance, enhance academic achievement, and improve classroom environment. Prior research studies ( Behling, 1991; Hughes, 1996; and Hoffler-Riddick, 1998) on the effects of mandatory school uniforms have been inconclusive in their findings. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of mandatory...

  7. African Tradition and Global Consumer Culture: Understanding Attachment to Traditional Dress Style in West Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Fatou Diop; Dwight Merunka

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the attachment of Senegalese to traditional consumption patterns and its effects on the construction of a coherent identity. In particular, we investigate loyalty to traditional dress across multiple occasions and in the face of global consumer culture dominance. To explore the multiplicity of meanings of tradition, this study relies on in-depth interviews, focus groups and a structured means-end analysis. The results reveal that loyalty to tradition enables individu...

  8. Focused tight dressing does not prevent cochlear implant magnet migration under 1.5 Tesla MRI

    OpenAIRE

    CUDA, D.; A. MURRI; Succo, G.

    2013-01-01

    SUMMARY We report a retrospective case of inner magnet migration, which occurred after 1.5 Tesla MRI scanning in an adult recipient of a bilateral cochlear implant (CI) despite a focused head dressing. The patient, bilaterally implanted with Nucleus 5 CIs (Cochlear LTD, Sydney, Australia), underwent a 1.5 Tesla cholangio-MRI scan for biliary duct pathology. In subsequent days, a focal skin alteration appeared over the left inner coil. Plain skull radiographs showed partial magnet migration on...

  9. Determination of stability in dressing salad lyophilized by digital image processing

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Kelly; Ferreira, E. C.; A.L. Amaral; Leão, M. H. M. Rocha; M. A. Z. Coelho

    2012-01-01

    Digital image processing (DIP) is a powerful tool that can be used to describe the loss of emulsion stability by molecular diffusion or coalescence. The stability of salad dressings (lemon juice and extra virgin olive oil) microencapsulated with biopolymers (without sorbitol) was analyzed by fluorescence DIP for a 110 days period. The emulsions were stored both refrigerated (4ºC) and at room temperature (27ºC). In addition, sorbitol was added to a formulation stored under refri...

  10. Quark Wigner Distributions and Orbital Angular Momentum in Light-front Dressed Quark Model

    CERN Document Server

    Mukherjee, Asmita; Ojha, Vikash Kumar

    2014-01-01

    We calculate the Wigner functions for a quark target dressed with a gluon. These give a combined position and momentum space information of the quark distributions and are related to both generalized parton distributions (GPDs) and transverse momentum dependent parton distributions (TMDs). We calculate and compare the different definitions of quark orbital angular momentum in this model. We compare our results with other model calculations.

  11. Open burn wound dressing: a practical option in resource constrained settings

    OpenAIRE

    Olawoye, O.A.; Osinupebi, O.O.; Ayoade, B.A.

    2013-01-01

    Various types of wound care products abound for the treatment of burn injuries. Most of these products are rather expensive and beyond the means of many patients in poorer countries. This poses a challenge to burn care workers in these environments and calls for the adoption of practical solutions with the use of less expensive and readily available alternatives. The aim of this study is to review the outcome of our burn patients managed with topical silver sulphadiazine dressing in terms of ...

  12. Domestic-made versus imported men's dress shirts:college men's attitudes and quality perception

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Shiouh-Miin

    1987-01-01

    The purposes of this study were (1) to identify selected consumers' attitudes toward purchasing domestic- made shirts and those imported from a low-wage country, and (2) to evaluate the relative effects of price, brand name, and country-of-origin on perception of quality of menâ s dress shirts. A convenience sample of 120 male undergraduate students registered at Virginia Tech completed questionnaires in selected classes. Research hypotheses that consumers' attitu...

  13. Visible Veil Dressing & the Gender Geopolitics of ‘What Not To Wear’

    OpenAIRE

    Franklin, M. I.

    2011-01-01

    This essay critically reflects on ‘Burkha Ban’ legislation in Europe and surrounding public controversies by drawing links between the visual aesthetics of makeover reality TV, the veil, and the cultural politics of ‘visibly Muslim’ dress in western societies. In all cases we see women’s bodies and comportment under increasing scrutiny at the intersection of post 9/11 geopolitics, the global fashion industry, national identity, and everyday life.

  14. Improvement of Human Keratinocyte Migration by a Redox Active Bioelectric Dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Banerjee, Jaideep; Das Ghatak, Piya; Roy, Sashwati; Khanna, Savita; Emily K. Sequin; Bellman, Karen; Dickinson, Bryan C.; Suri, Prerna; Subramaniam, Vish V.; Chang, Christopher J.; Chandan K Sen

    2014-01-01

    Exogenous application of an electric field can direct cell migration and improve wound healing; however clinical application of the therapy remains elusive due to lack of a suitable device and hence, limitations in understanding the molecular mechanisms. Here we report on a novel FDA approved redox-active Ag/Zn bioelectric dressing (BED) which generates electric fields. To develop a mechanistic understanding of how the BED may potentially influence wound re-epithelialization, we direct emphas...

  15. Effect of Wound Dressing with Fresh Kiwifruit on healing of Cutaneous Wound in Rats

    OpenAIRE

    Iran Goudarzi; Taghi Lashkarbolouki; Mahdi Khorshidi; Mohammad Taghi Ghorbanian

    2015-01-01

    Background: The kiwi fruit is known to have dramatic antibacterial, debridement, wound contracture, and angiogenic effects. We propose that kiwifruit is an ideal candidate to enhance the process of wound healing. The present study assessed the effects of wound kiwifruit dressing on cutaneous wound healing in rat. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 30 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups of control and kiwifruit group. A full-thickness dermal incision (35mm l...

  16. Comparison of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) &conventional wound dressings in the open fracture wounds

    OpenAIRE

    Arti, Hamidreza; Khorami, Mohsen; Ebrahimi-Nejad, Vahid

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Successful closure is a primary step of treatment in open fracture wounds. Delayed healing or complications can lead to increased treatment duration, costs and disability rates. The aim of this study was to compare Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) and conventional wound dressings in patients with open fracture wounds. Methods: In a prospective randomized clinical trial study, 90 patients with open fractures that were referred for treatment were enrolled between February 2013 ...

  17. Consumer Protection Act is the outcome of lucrative or Cheated Window Dressing.

    OpenAIRE

    Pal, Bindu

    2015-01-01

    Management is a wing of Commerce education. From this wing we can learn time management, hospitality management, situation management, quality management etc. This type of management teaches us to cope up with the time and situation by applying our mind. Advertisement and Window dressing is such two extensive useful term of management by implementing these terms the big business house starts to flourish more and more. After industrial revolution and globalization gradually the competition ris...

  18. Broccoli yield in response to top-dressing fertilization with green manure and biofertilizer

    OpenAIRE

    Gilberto Bernardo de Freitas; Márcio Sousa Rocha; Ricardo Henrique Silva Santos; Letícia Monteiro da Silva Freitas; Leandro de Almeida Resende

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this work was to evaluate the productive performance of broccoli under different top-dressing organic fertilizations. The experiment was conducted under protected cultivation, in a completely randomized design with four replications, with two plants per experimental unit. Broccoli seedlings were produced in a commercial substrate in styrofoam trays. The seedlings were transplanted to plastic pots containing 10.0 L of substrate made up of subsoil and organic compost at the rat...

  19. Smart Dressings Based on Nanostructured Fibers Containing Natural Origin Antimicrobial, Anti-Inflammatory, and Regenerative Compounds

    OpenAIRE

    Vanesa Andreu; Gracia Mendoza; Manuel Arruebo; Silvia Irusta

    2015-01-01

    A fast and effective wound healing process would substantially decrease medical costs, wound care supplies, and hospitalization significantly improving the patients’ quality of life. The search for effective therapeutic approaches seems to be imperative in order to avoid the aggravation of chronic wounds. In spite of all the efforts that have been made during the recent years towards the development of artificial wound dressings, none of the currently available options combine all the require...

  20. Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) in an Adolescent Treated With Lamotrigine

    OpenAIRE

    Ginory, Almari; Chaney-Catchpole, Michelle; Demetree, Julie M.; Mayol Sabatier, Laura M.; Nguyen, Mathew

    2013-01-01

    Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a hypersensitivity syndrome most commonly associated with antiepileptic agents, allopurinol, and sulfonamides. It is a severe adverse reaction associated with fever, rash, eosinophilia, lymphadenopathy, and internal organ involvement. We present the case of a 17-year-old Caucasian female with bipolar disorder type II and posttraumatic stress disorder treated with lamotrigine for a non-Food and Drug Administration-approved indica...

  1. 3D Bioprinting of Carboxymethylated-Periodate Oxidized Nanocellulose Constructs for Wound Dressing Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Rees; Powell, Lydia C.; Gary Chinga-Carrasco; Gethin, David T.; Kristin Syverud; Hill, Katja E.; Thomas, David W

    2015-01-01

    Nanocellulose has a variety of advantages, which make the material most suitable for use in biomedical devices such as wound dressings. The material is strong, allows for production of transparent films, provides a moist wound healing environment, and can form elastic gels with bioresponsive characteristics. In this study, we explore the application of nanocellulose as a bioink for modifying film surfaces by a bioprinting process. Two different nanocelluloses were used, prepared with TEMPO me...

  2. Protein Degradation and Protection Observed in the Presence of Novel Wound Dressing Components

    OpenAIRE

    Parnell, Laura K.S.

    2011-01-01

    Chronic wounds typically have excessive levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and proinflammatory cytokines that impair healing. Reducing these detrimental proteins may be key to healing chronic wounds. Proprietary protease blends were formulated specifically to degrade excessive amounts of proinflammatory factors that could prevent wound healing. Applications of protease-containing wound dressings to acute and chronic wounds have been observed clinically to resolve inflammation and appe...

  3. Warning about Fatty Acid Compositions in Some Iranian Mayonnaise Salad Dressings

    OpenAIRE

    Bahar Nazari; Sedigheh Asgary; Nizal Sarrafzadegan

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: The beneficial or detrimental effects of dietary fats on health and well-being largely depend on their fatty acid composi-tion. The contribution of high intake of trans fatty acids (TFAs) and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) to the risk of coronary heart dis-ease is well documented. In this study, the fatty acid composition of different samples of mayonnaise salad dressing produced in Iran wasanalyzed. Methods: Three most consumed samples from four different brands of Iranian mayon...

  4. Neurotensin-loaded collagen dressings reduce inflammation and improve wound healing in diabetic mice

    OpenAIRE

    Liane I. F. Moura; Dias, Ana M. A.; Suesca, Edward; Casadiegos, Sergio; Leal, Ermelindo C.; Fontanilla, Marta R.; Carvalho, Lina; Sousa, Hermínio C. de; Carvalho, Eugénia

    2014-01-01

    Impaired wound healing is an important clinical problem in diabetes mellitus and results in failure to completely heal diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), which may lead to lower extremity amputations. In the present study, collagen based dressings were prepared to be applied as support for the delivery of neurotensin (NT), a neuropeptide that acts as an inflammatory modulator in wound healing. The performance of NT alone and NT–loaded collagen matrices to treat wounds in streptozotocin (STZ) diabet...

  5. A bacteriological survey of sanitary dressings, and development of an effective means for their disposal.

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas, C M; Mendes, M. F.

    1980-01-01

    A microbiological survey of over 400 sanitary dressings is reported: large numbers of bacteria are present, including species indicative of faecal contamination. The need for an effective bactericide in chemical bin exchange systems is thus demonstrated. Screening trials of several candidate formulations have been undertaken: buffered sodium metabisulphite, releasing sulphur dioxide as a vapour-phase bactericide, has now been introduced as an effective bin exchnage system.

  6. Broccoli yield in response to top-dressing fertilization with green manure and biofertilizer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Bernardo de Freitas

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the productive performance of broccoli under different top-dressing organic fertilizations. The experiment was conducted under protected cultivation, in a completely randomized design with four replications, with two plants per experimental unit. Broccoli seedlings were produced in a commercial substrate in styrofoam trays. The seedlings were transplanted to plastic pots containing 10.0 L of substrate made up of subsoil and organic compost at the ratio of 3:1 (v/v, respectively, which is equivalent to about 20.0 t ha-1 of organic compost at planting. After seedling establishment, the top-dressing fertilization treatments were applied: gliricidia biomass associated or not with liquid biofertilizer of cattle manure to the soil and bokashi. Two control treatments were established: one with mineral fertilization recommended for the crop and the other without top-dressing fertilization. The broccoli production was evaluated (commercial standard. Plants that received mineral fertilizer were more productive, however, they were not significantly different (p>0.05, by Dunnet test, from the plants fertilized with 2.5 t ha-1 gliricidiabiomass (dry mass associated with liquid biofertilizer (2.0 L m-2 applied to soil. Top-dressing fertilizations with only gliricidia, at 2.5 and 5.0 t ha-1 of biomass (dry mass, resulted in no significant increase in production of broccoli inflorescence. The use of bokashi in addition to gliricidia biomass and liquid biofertilizer reduced the efficiency of the fertilization compared with plants that received only gliricidia and liquid biofertilizer.

  7. The effect of dressing on high-order harmonic generation in vibrating H$_2$ molecules

    OpenAIRE

    Chirila, C. C.; Lein, M.

    2008-01-01

    We develop the strong-field approximation for high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecules, including the vibrational motion and the laser-induced coupling of the lowest two Born-Oppenheimer states in the molecular ion that is created by the initial ionization of the molecule. We show that the field dressing becomes important at long laser wavelengths ($\\approx 2 \\mu$m), leading to an overall reduction of harmonic generation and modifying the ratio of harmonic signals from different i...

  8. A review of the applications of the hydrofiber dressing with silver (Aquacel Ag® in wound care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoav Barnea

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Yoav Barnea, Jerry Weiss, Eyal GurDepartment of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, IsraelAbstract: Aquacel Ag® (ConvaTec, Princeton, NJ, USA is a new hydrofiber wound dressing consisting of soft non-woven sodium carboxymethylcellulose fibers integrated with ionic silver. It is a moisture-retention dressing, which forms a gel on contact with wound fluid and has antimicrobial properties of ionic silver. We present a current literature review on Aquacel Ag®, of both in vitro and in vivo efficacy and clinical applications. In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated the wide antimicrobial properties of Aquacel Ag®, and additionally demonstrated the cytotoxicity of ionic silver to keratinocytes and fibroblasts that cause delay in wound re-epithelialization. Clinical studies confirmed that Aquacel Ag® is an effective and safe dressing for a variety of wound types, both acute and chronic. Incorporation of ionic silver into the hydrofibers does not cause undue alteration in the performance properties of the base dressing, which continues to provide favorable wound moisture and exudate management. The addition of ionic silver reduces local pain and dressing changes, and provides significant broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties, with no delay in wound healing.Keywords: Aquacel Ag®, silver, wound dressing, hydrofiber, carboxymethylcellulose

  9. Impregnation of silver sulfadiazine into bacterial cellulose for antimicrobial and biocompatible wound dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silver sulfadiazine (SSD) is a useful antimicrobial agent for wound treatment. However, recent findings indicate that conventional SSD cream has several drawbacks for use in treatments. Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a promising material for wound dressing due to its outstanding properties of holding water, strength and degradability. Unfortunately, BC itself exhibits no antimicrobial activity. A combination of SSD and BC is envisaged to form a new class of wound dressing with both antimicrobial activity and biocompatibility, which has not been reported to date. To achieve antimicrobial activity, SSD particles were impregnated into BC by immersing BC into SSD suspension after ultrasonication, namely SSD–BC. Parameters influencing SSD–BC impregnation were systematically studied. Optimized conditions of sonication time for no less than 90 min and the proper pH value between 6.6 and 9.0 were suggested. The absorption of SSD onto the BC nanofibrous network was revealed by XRD and SEM analyses. The SSD–BC membranes exhibited significant antimicrobial activities against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus evaluated by the disc diffusion method. In addition, the favorable biocompatibility of SSD–BC was verified by MTT colorimetry, epidermal cell counting method and optical microscopy. The results demonstrate the potential of SSD–BC membranes as a new class of antimicrobial and biocompatible wound dressing. (paper)

  10. Fabrication and characterization of Pluronic modified poly(hydroxybutyrate) fibers for potential wound dressing applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharjee, Arijit; Kumar, Krishan; Arora, Aditya; Katti, Dhirendra S

    2016-06-01

    Electrospun poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) fiber meshes have shown some success in wound dressing applications, however, their use is limited by their high hydrophobicity and brittle nature. In this study we investigated the effect of hydrophilization of electrospun PHB fibers by blending with Pluronic F-108 (PF) for use as a wound dressing material. Blending of PHB with different concentrations of PF (0.5%PF-PHB and 1.0% PF-PHB) before electrospinning led to a significant increase in the water wettability and swelling properties of fibers as compared to pristine PHB fibers. Further, it was observed that though the tensile moduli of PF blended PHB fibers were relatively lower as compared to PHB fibers, they show higher resistance to failure measured in terms of strain to failure and energy to failure. Moreover, PF blending significantly improved the in vitro blood clotting rate on PHB fibers when compared to control PHB fibers. Furthermore, the fabricated fiber systems were found to be cytocompatible and supported adhesion of fibroblasts in vitro. Finally, it was demonstrated that the PF blended fiber systems were suitable for the encapsulation of an antibiotic (doxycycline) to render them with antibacterial properties. Taken together, this study demonstrates that PF blending can be used to significantly improve properties of PHB fibers for wound dressing applications. PMID:27040219

  11. Management of radiation-induced moist skin desquamation using hydrocolloid dressing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moist skin desquamation has been of concern to radiation oncologists, nurses and patients since the inception of this mode of therapy. As radiation treatment machines became more sophisticated, severe reactions became less of a problem. However, with the increasing use of chemotherapy and radiation as combined modalities, moist skin reaction is occurring with greater frequency. A noncomparative study of 20 patients using a hydrocolloid occlusive dressing (Duoderm) was initiated. The purpose of the study was to determine whether moist occlusive healing would be beneficial. The dressing was evaluated on the basis of healing time, safety, wound temperature, bacterial growth, and comfort. Data were collected using photographs, bacterial cultures, temperature probes, and patient evaluations. Eighteen patients completed the study. All patients' skin reactions healed. There were no wound infections evident. Mean healing time was 12 days, with mean wound temperature relative to body core -0.8 degree C on day 1 and -1.2 degrees C on the healed site. Patient results on comfort were: 8 of 18 excellent, 7 of 18 good, 3 of 18 fair, and 0 of 18 poor. The results of this study indicate that a hydrocolloid occlusive dressing can be effective in the healing process of moist skin reaction that is due to radiation therapy

  12. Wound dressing based on chitosan/hyaluronan/nonwoven fabrics: Preparation, characterization and medical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Rahman, Rasha M; Abdel-Mohsen, A M; Hrdina, R; Burgert, L; Fohlerova, Z; Pavliňák, D; Sayed, O N; Jancar, J

    2016-08-01

    Thin layers of chitosan (positively charged)/sodium hyaluronate (negatively charged)/nonwoven fabrics were constructed by polyelectrolyte multilayer pad-dry-cure technique. Pure chitosan (CS) was isolated from shrimp shell and immobilized onto nonwoven fabrics (NWFs) using citric acid (CTA) as cross linker and solvent agents through a pad-dry-cure method. The prepared thin layer of chitosan citrate/nonwoven fabrics (CSCTA/NWFs) were consequently impregnated with hyaluronan (CSCTA/HA/NWFs) in the second path through a pad-dry-cure method. Chitosan/hyaluronan/nonwoven fabrics wound dressing was characterized by different techniques such as FTIR-ATR, TGA and SEM. The antibacterial activity and the cytotoxicity of the dressing sheets were evaluated against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Streptococcus aureus (S. aureus), mouse fibroblast (NIH-3T3) and keratinocytes (HaCaT) cell lines, respectively. The cell-fabrics interaction was also investigated using fluorescence microscope, based on live/dead staining assay of 3T3 cells. The healing properties of the new wound dressing were evaluated and compared with the control sample. PMID:27151671

  13. Magnetite nanoparticles for functionalized textile dressing to prevent fungal biofilms development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anghel, Ion; Grumezescu, Alexandru Mihai; Andronescu, Ecaterina; Anghel, Alina Georgiana; Ficai, Anton; Saviuc, Crina; Grumezescu, Valentina; Vasile, Bogdan Stefan; Chifiriuc, Mariana Carmen

    2012-09-01

    The purpose of this work was to investigate the potential of functionalized magnetite nanoparticles to improve the antibiofilm properties of textile dressing, tested in vitro against monospecific Candida albicans biofilms. Functionalized magnetite (Fe3O4/C18), with an average size not exceeding 20 nm, has been synthesized by precipitation of ferric and ferrous salts in aqueous solution of oleic acid (C18) and NaOH. Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, and differential thermal analysis coupled with thermo gravimetric analysis were used as characterization methods for the synthesized Fe3O4/C18. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the architecture of the fungal biofilm developed on the functionalized textile dressing samples and culture-based methods for the quantitative assay of the biofilm-embedded yeast cells. The optimized textile dressing samples proved to be more resistant to C. albicans colonization, as compared to the uncoated ones; these functionalized surfaces-based approaches are very useful in the prevention of wound microbial contamination and subsequent biofilm development on viable tissues or implanted devices.

  14. Antibiotic loaded carboxymethylcellulose/MCM-41 nanocomposite hydrogel films as potential wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namazi, Hassan; Rakhshaei, Rasul; Hamishehkar, Hamed; Kafil, Hossein Samadi

    2016-04-01

    Existing wound dressings have disadvantages such as lack of antibacterial activity, insufficient oxygen and water vapor permeability, and poor mechanical properties. Hydrogel-based wound dressings swell several times their dry volume and would be helpful to absorb wound exudates and afford a cooling sensation and a moisture environment. To overcome these hassles, a novel antibiotic-eluting nanocomposite hydrogel was designed via incorporation of mesoporous silica MCM-41 as a nano drug carrier into carboxymethylcellulose hydrogel. Tetracycline and methylene blue as antibacterial agents were loaded to the system and showed different release profiles. The prepared nanocomposite hydrogel was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), UV-vis spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The prepared nanocomposite hydrogels exhibited an enhanced in vitro swelling, erosion, water vapor and oxygen permeability, and antimicrobial activity. This could effectively increase the time intervals needed to exchange the bandage. The obtained data strongly encourage the use of these nanocomposite hydrogels as wound dressing material. PMID:26740467

  15. Effect of Newly Synthesized Polypropylene/Silver Nonwoven Fabric Dressing on Incisional Wound Healing in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samiha M. Gawish

    2014-09-01

    RESULTS: Reduction was found in incision wound length in PP/Ag dressed rats, Ag-SD cream treated rats, and blank PP dressed rats after 5, 10 and 15 days compared to undressed rats. Skin of PP/Ag group showed less adverse histopathological changes, enhanced granulation tissue formation, enhanced angiogenesis, accelerated re-epithelialization and quick complete healing; compared to all other groups. Significant decrease in TGF-β level was recorded in PP\\Ag and Ag-SD cream groups as compared to blank PP group on day 5. While, significant decrease in TGF-β level was detected in PP\\Ag group when compared with undressed and blank PP groups on day 10. TGF-β showed significant in PP\\Ag group as compared to undressed, Ag-SD cream and blank PP groups on day 15. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest that PP/Ag dressing enhances, promotes and plays an important role in wound healing.

  16. Evaluation of rheological behavior and sensory properties of ready to eat salad dressings submitted to irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluated the rheological behavior of 11 salad dressings ready to eat, processed by gamma irradiation, at doses: 3 kGy and 5 kGy. This assessment was made by rheograms traced by measurements of viscosity and shear stress by shear rate. Mathematical parameters obtained from these measures also contributed to the conclusion of the behavior exhibited and for choosing the best mathematical model applicable to them. The measurements were performed on a Brookfield viscometer Model LVDV - III. The Neslab thermal bath was used to maintain ambient temperature during the whole analysis. This study protocol was done in two stages. In step 1, the evaluation was performed soon after the samples have been irradiated when these were close to their dates of manufacture. In phase 2 the samples were reassessed after a period of storage, near the expiration date of their validity. Simultaneously pH measurement was performed to evaluate their stability in the face of treatment and sensory analyzes of two salad dressings were studied, in order to verify the acceptance of these when submitted to irradiation. The shear-thinning behavior was confirmed for all dressings through the mathematical model, the power law, that best model apply to this, in both phases. The irradiation at the absorbed doses studied did not influence this behavior. The results of sensory evaluation indicated good acceptance of irradiated sauces for the tasters. (author)

  17. Effect of irradiation on the pH for 11 commercial salad dressings near expiration date

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The demand for salad dressings has evolved significantly in recent years and has become a frequent option in the meal. The pH values for salad dressings are low, precisely because they are emulsions acidified by adding ingredients, such as, acetic acid and / or citric acid and preservatives like benzoic acid and / or sorbic those provide an environment unfavorable to the growth of many microorganisms. However, the deterioration of such products occur as a result of growth of lactobacilli, bacilli, yeasts, once damaged, can present loss of taste and dark spots on the surface as an indication of yeast colony formation. Whereas, the positive effects of gamma irradiation on food, such as improved safety and stability of food products on shelves, the pH is a key factor for assessing not only the conservation, but also to the quality. The aim of this study was to reassess the effects of radiation on the pH of 9 varieties of commercial salad dressing after 6 months of storage, near the expiration of samples validity. The samples were acquired on the market of Sao Paulo and subjected to low doses of radiation at irradiator Multipurpose IPEN / CNEN-SP. The irradiated samples were compared to control. Statistical analyzes were performed using the program Graph Pad 5 and adopting a significance level of 5% (p <0.05). (author)

  18. Optical control of nonlinearly dressed states in an individual quantum dot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardelt, P.-L.; Koller, M.; Simmet, T.; Hanschke, L.; Bechtold, A.; Regler, A.; Wierzbowski, J.; Riedl, H.; Finley, J. J.; Müller, K.

    2016-04-01

    We report nonlinear resonance fluorescence of an individual semiconductor quantum dot. By driving a single semiconductor quantum dot via a two-photon transition, we probe the linewidth of two-photon excitation processes and show that, similar to their single-photon counterparts, they are close to being Fourier limited at low temperatures. The evolution of the population of excitonic states with increasing Rabi energy exhibits a clear S-shaped behavior, indicative of the nonlinear response via the two-photon excitation process. Numerical calculations of the nonlinear response using a four-level atomic system representing the manifold of excitonic and biexcitonic states in the quantum dot are in excellent agreement with our experiments and reveal the effect of interactions with LA phonons in the solid-state environment. Finally, we demonstrate the formation of dressed states emerging from a nonlinear two-photon interaction between the quantum dot and the optical excitation field. The nonlinear optical dressing induces a mixing of all four excitonic states that allows direct optical tuning of the polarization selection rules and energies of the dressed states in the artificial atom. We expect our results to play a pivotal role for the generation of nonclassical photon pairs desired for applications in quantum communication and fundamental experiments on quantum optical properties of photons.

  19. On gravitational dressing of 2D field theories in chiral gauge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After giving a pedagogical review of the chiral gauge approach to 2D gravity, with particular emphasis on the derivation of the gravitational Ward identities, we discuss in some detail the interpretation of matter correlation functions coupled to gravity in chiral gauge. We argue that in chiral gauge no explicit gravitational dressing factor, analogue to the Liouville exponential in conformal gauge, is necessary for left-right symmetric matter operators. In particular, we examine the gravitationally dressed four-point correlation function of products of left and right fermions. We solve the corresponding gravitational Ward identity exactly: in the presence of gravity this four-point function exhibits a logarithmic short-distance singularity, instead of the power-law singularity in the absence of gravity. This rather surprising effect is non-perturbative in the gravitational coupling and is a sign for logarithms in the gravitationally dressed operator product expansions. We also discuss some perturbative evidence that the chiral Gross-Neveu model may remain integrable when coupled to gravity. (orig.)

  20. Protein Degradation and Protection Observed in the Presence of Novel Wound Dressing Components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura K.S. Parnell

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Chronic wounds typically have excessive levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs and proinflammatory cytokines that impair healing. Reducing these detrimental proteins may be key to healing chronic wounds. Proprietary protease blends were formulated specifically to degrade excessive amounts of proinflammatory factors that could prevent wound healing. Applications of protease-containing wound dressings to acute and chronic wounds have been observed clinically to resolve inflammation and appear to aid healing. The purpose of this study was to test in vitro a deliberate blend of proteases for the ability to deactivate or activate known proteins associated with inflammation or healing. Purified human target proteins were incubated with test and control solutions and samples removed at various time points. Blinded samples were tested using a novel infrared protein multiplex sandwich-ELISA-type array technique. Many proinflammatory proteins such as MMPs, cytokines and chemokines were susceptible to degradation. Many proteins such as growth factors, cytokines and TIMP1 were resistant to degradation. Not all proinflammatory proteins were deactivated. Family protein structure did not appear to affect susceptibility to degradation or deactivation. These results suggest that specific protease containing wound dressings appear to reduce multiple detrimental components which may disrupt their deleterious effects on the wound bed and microenvironment. By improving the wound microenvironment through the use of definitive proteases, these novel wound dressings may help transition wounds into the subsequent phase of healing.

  1. The Student Opinions Concerning Freedom of Dress Code Including High Schools Among Others

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Akbaba

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at examining the opinions of high school students concerning the much-debated dress code applied to primary school, middle school, and high school students and thought to affect quality in education, and revealing the importance of the issue as well as its financial, social, and pedagogical dimensions. The research is a descriptive study in survey model. A Likert-type questionnaire developed by the researcher was used in the present study – a descriptive study in survey model – as data collection tool. The questionnaire was administered to 350 students attending 15 high schools located in the central district of Van province. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that free dress is a right and a requirement of the age even though it causes extra cost, takes the time of students, or brings out the rich-poor discrimination. As a result of the study it can be said that freedom of dress is a right in essence.

  2. Effect of gamma radiation on pH of commercial salad dressings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sagretti, Juliana M.A.; Fabbri, Adriana D.T.; Rogovschi, Vladimir D.; Nunes, Thaise C.F.; Sabato, Susy F., E-mail: juliana.sagretti@usp.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The demand for salad dressing has evolved significantly in recent years, and has been a frequent choice of meal. This can be attributed to the increasing consumption of healthier foods, low fat, convenience, availability and variety. Salad dressing is an oil-based emulsion in water (O/W) stabilized by proteins, phospholipids, and polysaccharides. It can be defined technically as a liquid medium used to add flavor, moisture, taste and adjust the appearance and texture of culinary preparations. Considering the positive effects of gamma irradiation in foods, such as improved security and stability of food products on shelves, pH is a key factor in addition to conservation as well. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of ionizing radiation in the pH of 10 varieties of salad dressings, ready for consumption on the market in Sao Paulo, submitted to doses of 3.0 and 5.0 kGy in the irradiator Multipurpose IPEN / CNEN-SP. The irradiated samples were compared to control samples. The results showed no statistical difference by ANOVA and Tukey test at the 5% level of significance, which demonstrated that the application of radiation in addition to providing greater security to the product, do not interfere with their quality while maintaining a constant pH after irradiation. (author)

  3. Effect of irradiation on the pH for 11 commercial salad dressings near expiration date

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sagretti, Juliana M.A.; Fabbri, Adriana D.T.; Hirashima, Fabiana K.; Nunes, Thaise C.F.; Rogovschi, Vladimir D.; Sabato, Susy F., E-mail: jusagretti@uol.com.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The demand for salad dressings has evolved significantly in recent years and has become a frequent option in the meal. The pH values for salad dressings are low, precisely because they are emulsions acidified by adding ingredients, such as, acetic acid and / or citric acid and preservatives like benzoic acid and / or sorbic those provide an environment unfavorable to the growth of many microorganisms. However, the deterioration of such products occur as a result of growth of lactobacilli, bacilli, yeasts, once damaged, can present loss of taste and dark spots on the surface as an indication of yeast colony formation. Whereas, the positive effects of gamma irradiation on food, such as improved safety and stability of food products on shelves, the pH is a key factor for assessing not only the conservation, but also to the quality. The aim of this study was to reassess the effects of radiation on the pH of 9 varieties of commercial salad dressing after 6 months of storage, near the expiration of samples validity. The samples were acquired on the market of Sao Paulo and subjected to low doses of radiation at irradiator Multipurpose IPEN / CNEN-SP. The irradiated samples were compared to control. Statistical analyzes were performed using the program Graph Pad 5 and adopting a significance level of 5% (p <0.05). (author)

  4. Use of wound dressings to enhance prevention of pressure ulcers caused by medical devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Joyce; Alves, Paulo; Brindle, Christopher Tod; Dealey, Carol; Santamaria, Nick; Call, Evan; Clark, Michael

    2015-06-01

    Medical device related pressure ulcers (MDR PUs) are defined as pressure injuries associated with the use of devices applied for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes wherein the PU that develops has the same configuration as the device. Many institutions have reduced the incidence of traditional PUs (sacral, buttock and heel) and therefore the significance of MDR PU has become more apparent. The highest risk of MDR PU has been reported to be patients with impaired sensory perception, such as neuropathy, and an impaired ability for the patient to communicate discomfort, for example, oral intubation, language barriers, unconsciousness or non-verbal state. Patients in critical care units typify the high-risk patient and they often require more devices for monitoring and therapeutic purposes. An expert panel met to review the evidence on the prevention of MDR PUs and arrived at these conclusions: (i) consider applying dressings that demonstrate pressure redistribution and absorb moisture from body areas in contact with medical devices, tubing and fixators, (ii) in addition to dressings applied beneath medical devices, continue to lift and/or move the medical device to examine the skin beneath it and reposition for pressure relief and (iii) when simple repositioning does not relieve pressure, it is important not to create more pressure by placing dressings beneath tight devices. PMID:23809279

  5. Evaluation of bacterial nanocellulose-based uniform wound dressing for large area skin transplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fu, Lina [Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); National Engineering Research Center for Nano-Medicine, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Zhou, Ping [Institute of Organ Transplant of Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Zhang, Shengmin [Advanced Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Center, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Yang, Guang, E-mail: yang_sunny@yahoo.com [Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); National Engineering Research Center for Nano-Medicine, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2013-07-01

    Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) was biosynthesized by Gluconacetobacter xylinus. The surface area, physicochemical structure and morphology of the materials were characterized. Here provides a method for an efficient production of uniform BNC, which is beneficial for the fast characterization and evaluation of BNC. In vitro cytotoxicity of the materials was evaluated by the proliferation, the adhesion, the viability and the morphology of NIH/3T3 cells. Low cytotoxicity of the BNC was observed, and micrographs demonstrate a good proliferation and adhesion of NIH/3T3 cells on BNC. Large area full-thickness skin defects were made on the back of C57BL/6 mice in animal surgery. The wounds were transplanted with BNC films and the results compared to those in a control group. The rehabilitation of the wound surfaces and the pathological sections of mice were investigated and are discussed. Histological examinations demonstrated faster and better healing effect and lower inflammatory response in the BNC group than those in the control group. Preliminary results on wound dressings from BNC show a curative effect promoting the healing of epithelial tissue. BNC is a promising natural polymer with medical applications in wound dressings. - Highlights: • BNC is expected to be a promising material in wound healing and skin transplantation. • We studied surface area, physicochemical structures and morphology of uniform BNC. • Cyto-evaluation results of BNC-based wound dressing show a good biocompatibility. • Large area skin transplantation experiments suggest a good performance of healing.

  6. Effects of Aloe vera on dressing percentage and haemato-biochemidal parameters of broiler chickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jagmohan Singh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the effects of Aloe vera on dressing percentage and hemato-biochemical parameters of broiler chickens.Materials and Methods: A total of 90 chicks were used in this study. They were randomly allocated into 3 treatment groups.Fresh Aloe vera leaf juice (ALJ was prepared and administered to the test group T3 at the rate of 20 g/Lin drinking water daily.This study was carried out for 42 days. Dressing percentage and hemato-biochemical parameters were recorded at the end ofexperiment.Results: Group that was given Aloe vera (T3 showed numerically higher dressing percentage as compared to control group(T1 and drug control group (T2. It also showed significantly (P0.05 differences were observed in other parameters among all the treatment groups.Conclusion: Aloe vera has potential to be a growth promoter in broiler chicks and its growth promoting effects are comparableto that of antibiotic growth promoter (AGP.

  7. Evaluation of bacterial nanocellulose-based uniform wound dressing for large area skin transplantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) was biosynthesized by Gluconacetobacter xylinus. The surface area, physicochemical structure and morphology of the materials were characterized. Here provides a method for an efficient production of uniform BNC, which is beneficial for the fast characterization and evaluation of BNC. In vitro cytotoxicity of the materials was evaluated by the proliferation, the adhesion, the viability and the morphology of NIH/3T3 cells. Low cytotoxicity of the BNC was observed, and micrographs demonstrate a good proliferation and adhesion of NIH/3T3 cells on BNC. Large area full-thickness skin defects were made on the back of C57BL/6 mice in animal surgery. The wounds were transplanted with BNC films and the results compared to those in a control group. The rehabilitation of the wound surfaces and the pathological sections of mice were investigated and are discussed. Histological examinations demonstrated faster and better healing effect and lower inflammatory response in the BNC group than those in the control group. Preliminary results on wound dressings from BNC show a curative effect promoting the healing of epithelial tissue. BNC is a promising natural polymer with medical applications in wound dressings. - Highlights: • BNC is expected to be a promising material in wound healing and skin transplantation. • We studied surface area, physicochemical structures and morphology of uniform BNC. • Cyto-evaluation results of BNC-based wound dressing show a good biocompatibility. • Large area skin transplantation experiments suggest a good performance of healing

  8. Chitosan–aluminum monostearate composite sponge dressing containing asiaticoside for wound healing and angiogenesis promotion in chronic wound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are many factors that delay healing in chronic wounds including lowering level of growth factors and increasing exudate level comprising high amount of tissue destructive enzymes. Asiaticoside possesses interesting wound healing and angiogenic activities that are employed to stimulate tissue regeneration in wound healing application. This study attempted to develop chitosan–aluminum monostearate (Alst) composite sponge containing asiaticoside for use as an absorbent medical dressing in chronic wound. N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) was used to enhance homogeneity of asiaticoside in the polymer composite matrix. The sponge dressings were prepared by lyophilization and dehydrothermal treatment (DHT). Functional group interaction, crystallinity, and morphology of the prepared sponges were investigated using FT-IR, PXRD, and SEM, respectively. Physicochemical properties, porosity, hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties and mechanical property, were evaluated. Wound dressing properties, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), fluid absorbency, oxygen permeation (OP), and bio-adhesive property, were investigated. In vitro asiaticoside release study was conducted using immersion method. Cytotoxicity was studied in normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) and normal human epidermal keratinocyte (NHEK). Angiogenic activity of asiaticoside was evaluated using chick-chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. FT-IR and PXRD results revealed the amidation after DHT to enhance the crystallinity of the prepared sponges. The prepared sponges had high porosity comprising high Alst-loaded amount that exhibited more compact structure. Alst enhanced hydrophobicity therefore it reduced the fluid absorption and WVTR together with bio-adhesion of the prepared sponge dressings. Porosity of all sponges was more than 85% therefore resulting in their high OP. Enhancing hydrophobicity of the material by Alst and more homogeneity caused by NMP eventually retarded the asiaticoside release for 7 days

  9. Chitosan–aluminum monostearate composite sponge dressing containing asiaticoside for wound healing and angiogenesis promotion in chronic wound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phaechamud, Thawatchai, E-mail: thawatchaienator@gmail.com [Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University, Nakorn Pathom 73000 (Thailand); Yodkhum, Kotchamon, E-mail: marskotchamon@gmail.com [Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University, Nakorn Pathom 73000 (Thailand); Charoenteeraboon, Juree, E-mail: juree@su.ac.th [Department of Biopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University, Nakorn Pathom 73000 (Thailand); Tabata, Yasuhiko, E-mail: yasuhiko@frontier.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Biomaterials, Field of tissue engineering, Institute for Frontier Medical Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507 (Japan)

    2015-05-01

    There are many factors that delay healing in chronic wounds including lowering level of growth factors and increasing exudate level comprising high amount of tissue destructive enzymes. Asiaticoside possesses interesting wound healing and angiogenic activities that are employed to stimulate tissue regeneration in wound healing application. This study attempted to develop chitosan–aluminum monostearate (Alst) composite sponge containing asiaticoside for use as an absorbent medical dressing in chronic wound. N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) was used to enhance homogeneity of asiaticoside in the polymer composite matrix. The sponge dressings were prepared by lyophilization and dehydrothermal treatment (DHT). Functional group interaction, crystallinity, and morphology of the prepared sponges were investigated using FT-IR, PXRD, and SEM, respectively. Physicochemical properties, porosity, hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties and mechanical property, were evaluated. Wound dressing properties, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), fluid absorbency, oxygen permeation (OP), and bio-adhesive property, were investigated. In vitro asiaticoside release study was conducted using immersion method. Cytotoxicity was studied in normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) and normal human epidermal keratinocyte (NHEK). Angiogenic activity of asiaticoside was evaluated using chick-chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. FT-IR and PXRD results revealed the amidation after DHT to enhance the crystallinity of the prepared sponges. The prepared sponges had high porosity comprising high Alst-loaded amount that exhibited more compact structure. Alst enhanced hydrophobicity therefore it reduced the fluid absorption and WVTR together with bio-adhesion of the prepared sponge dressings. Porosity of all sponges was more than 85% therefore resulting in their high OP. Enhancing hydrophobicity of the material by Alst and more homogeneity caused by NMP eventually retarded the asiaticoside release for 7 days

  10. A prospective, randomised study of a novel transforming methacrylate dressing compared with a silver-containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose dressing on partial-thickness skin graft donor sites in burn patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assadian, Ojan; Arnoldo, Brett; Purdue, Gary; Burris, Agnes; Skrinjar, Edda; Duschek, Nikolaus; Leaper, David J

    2015-06-01

    This prospective, randomised study compares a new transforming methacrylate dressing (TMD) with a silver-containing carboxymethylcellulose dressing (CMC-Ag) after application to split-thickness skin graft (STSG) donor sites. This was an unblinded, non-inferiority, between-patient, comparison study that involved patients admitted to a single-centre burn unit who required two skin graft donor sites. Each patient's donor sites were covered immediately after surgery: one donor site with TMD and the other with CMC-Ag. The donor sites were evaluated until healing or until 24 days post-application, whichever came first. Study endpoints were time to healing, daily pain scores, number of dressing changes, patient comfort and physicians' and patients' willingness to use the dressings in the future. Nineteen patients had both the dressings applied. No statistically significant difference was noted in time to healing between the two dressings (14·2 days using TMD compared with 13·2 days using CMC-Ag). When pain scores were compared, TMD resulted in statistically significantly less pain at three different time periods (2-5 days, 6-10 days and 11-15 days; P < 0·001 at all time periods). Patients also reported greater comfort with TMD (P < 0·001). Users rated TMD as being less easy to use because of the time and technique required for application. Reductions in pain and increased patient comfort with the use of the TMD dressing, compared with CMC-Ag, were seen as clinical benefits as these are the major issues in donor site management. PMID:23919667

  11. Sponge-Like Dressings Based on the Association of Chitosan and Sericin for the Treatment of Chronic Skin Ulcers. I. Design of Experiments-Assisted Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Michela; Rossi, Silvia; Ferrari, Franca; Bonferoni, Maria Cristina; Sandri, Giuseppina; Chlapanidas, Theodora; Torre, Maria Luisa; Caramella, Carla

    2016-03-01

    The aim of the present work was the development of sponge-like dressings based on chitosan glutamate (high molecular weight) and sericin for the treatment of chronic skin ulcers. Dressings were prepared by freeze-drying and glycine was added as cryoprotectant agent. Dressing development was assisted by design of experiments, using a simplex centroid design. Mechanical resistance, hydration propensity, viscous, and viscoelasticity properties of dressings were considered as response variables. The superimposition of the contour plots, calculated by the best fit model for each response variable, permitted to individuate a region of the factor space where the dressing of optimized quantitative composition was chosen. Such a dressing was able to absorb high amount of phosphate-buffered saline forming a gel characterized by rheological properties enabling both a lubricant and a protective effect. The optimized formulation was characterized by optimal mechanical properties and by cell proliferation and antioxidant activity on human fibroblast cell line. PMID:26886338

  12. Investigation of factors affecting the results regarding the dressing percentage value of male young cattle of Domestic Simmental breed and crossbreds of Domestic Simmental and limousine breed

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksić Stevica; Miščević Branislav; Petrović Milan M.; Pavlovski Zlatica; Josipović Slavko; Tomašević Dušica

    2002-01-01

    Carcass dressing percentage (dressing percentage of two carcass sides) or slaughter dressing percentage is proportional share of carcass, that is carcass sides, in relation to mass prior to slaughtering. Beef carcass consists of two carcass sides, regardless of the sex, on which, after bleeding, skin, head, lower leg parts (in carpal and tarsal joints), internal organs of the pectoral, abdominal and pelvic cavities, sexual organs, kidney and pelvic fat, diaphragm, tail and spinal cord were se...

  13. The effect of inhalation aromatherapy with damask rose (Rosa damascena) essence on the pain intensity after dressing in patients with burns: A clinical randomized trial

    OpenAIRE

    Bikmoradi, Ali; Harorani, Mehdi; Roshanaei, Ghodratollah; Moradkhani, Shirin; Falahinia, Golam Hossein

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pain is one of the common problems encountered by patients with burns, which increases after each dressing. This study aimed to investigate the effect of inhalation aromatherapy with damask rose essence on the pain of patients with burns that is caused after dressing. Materials and Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 50 patients with second- and third-degree burn wounds. The baseline pain of the patients was assessed 30 min before they entered into the dressing r...

  14. Production of Gelatinized Wheat and Maize Starches by a Double Drum Drier and Their Use in the Formulation of Salad Dressing

    OpenAIRE

    A Farahnaki; A Dehghn; GH. Mesbahi; M Majzobi

    2009-01-01

    Salad dressing is a semisolid emulsion and a colloidal system with high consumer demand. Food polysaccharides (e.g starch) are used in the formulation of salad dressing to improve its physical properties and sensory attributes. In this research, 10% mixture of wheat or maize starches were used to produce pregelatinized starches by a double drum drier, followed by milling and sieving. The pregelatinized starches (10%) were applied in the formulation of a salad dressing instead of native starch...

  15. Polyurethane foam containing rhEGF as a dressing material for healing diabetic wounds: Synthesis, characterization, in vitro and in vivo studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyun, Do Gi; Choi, Hyun Jun; Yoon, Hyoung Soon; Thambi, Thavasyappan; Lee, Doo Sung

    2015-11-01

    Diabetic wounds are a major health issue associated with diabetes mellitus. To surmount this issue, we developed polyurethane foams (PUFs) incorporating varying amounts of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) (rhEGF-PUFs) as a wound dressing for diabetic wounds. From electron microscopy images, it was found that the pore size of the rhEGF-PUFs surface (the wound contact layer) was less than 100μm, regardless of rhEGF content. The release of rhEGF from the PUFs was evaluated using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The result showed that the release of rhEGF was time and concentration dependent, i.e., the amount of released rhEGF significantly increased as the immersion time and the rhEGF content of the PUFs increased. In vitro cytotoxicity testing showed that rhEGF-PUFs increased the viability of HaCaT human keratinocytes and CCD986-sk human fibroblasts, which indicated that the incorporated rhEGF maintained its biological activity. In an in vitro scratch wound healing assay, the wound closure rate was faster in CCD986-sk human fibroblasts than in HaCaT human keratinocytes. Finally, the rhEGF-PUFs were evaluated as an in vivo treatment in a full-thickness wound model in diabetized Sprague-Dawley rats. The result indicated that compared with PUFs, rhEGF-PUFs accelerated wound healing by promoting wound contraction, re-epithelialization, collagen deposition and the formation of a skin appendage. These findings demonstrate that rhEGF-PUFs are a promising dressing for diabetic wounds. PMID:26340359

  16. Preliminary Characterization of Genipin-Cross-Linked Silk Sericin/Poly(vinyl alcohol Films as Two-Dimensional Wound Dressings for the Healing of Superficial Wounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tippawan Siritientong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The genipin-cross-linked silk sericin/poly(vinyl alcohol (PVA films were developed aiming to be applied as two-dimensional wound dressings for the treatment of superficial wounds. The effects of genipin cross-linking concentration on the physical and biological properties of the films were investigated. The genipin-cross-linked silk sericin/PVA films showed the increased surface density, tensile strength, and percentage of elongation, but decreased percentage of light transmission, water vapor transmission rate, and water swelling, compared to the non-cross-linked films. This explained that the cross-linking bonds between genipin and silk sericin would reduce the mobility of molecular chains within the films, resulting in the more rigid molecular structure. Silk sericin was released from the genipin-cross-linked films in a sustained manner. In addition, either L929 mouse fibroblast or HaCat keratinocyte cells showed high percentage of viability when cultured on the silk sericin/PVA films cross-linked with 0.075 and 0.1% w/v genipin. The in vivo safety test performed according to ISO 10993-6 confirmed that the genipin-cross-linked silk sericin/PVA films were safe for the medical usages. The efficacy of the films for the treatment of superficial skin wounds will be further investigated in vivo and clinically. The genipin-cross-linked silk sericin/PVA films would be promising choices of two-dimensional wound dressings for the treatment of superficial wounds.

  17. Gentian Violet and Methylene Blue Polyvinyl Alcohol Foam Antibacterial Dressing as a Viable Form of Autolytic Debridement in the Wound Bed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applewhite, Andrew Joseph; Attar, Paul; Liden, Brock; Stevenson, Quyen

    2015-05-01

    The objective of this article is to describe the results of a comparative porcine study that evaluated the effectiveness of a gentian violet and methylene blue (GV/MB) polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) antibacterial foam dressing in debriding eschar. The authors performed an in vivo, preclinical study on eschar-covered porcine wounds. Two clinical case studies are also included. Test products, GV/MB antibacterial foam dressing, collagenase ointment, collagenase ointment plus GV/MB antibacterial foam dressing, medical-grade honey, and moist gauze dressing (control), were applied to porcine wounds using a split-back study design. The percent of eschar removal and wound closure were measured and recorded at time points up to 14 days. Statistically significant reduction in eschar was observed with GV/MB dressing and with GV/MB dressing with collagenase. By day 14, the wounds with GV/MB dressing alone and GV/MB dressing with collagenase had eschar covering less than 25% of the wound bed area compared with collagenase alone, medical grade honey, or moist gauze control, which showed eschar still covering over 75% of the wound bed area. Autolytic debridement activity of GV/MB foam dressings was evident in the porcine eschar study, as well as in the cases described. PMID:26054993

  18. A multi-centre, prospective, clinical in-market evaluation to assess the performance of Opsite? Post-Op Visible dressings.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Brien, Gillian

    2010-10-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the performance of Opsite™ Post-Op Visible as a post-surgical dressing in a typical clinical setting. In this multi-centre clinical evaluation, patients who underwent clean surgery were treated with Opsite Post-Op Visible dressing. Duration of dressing wear, visibility through the dressing and ability to handle exudate were assessed and the product was rated in comparison with those normally used. A total of 64 patients were recruited. Mean wear time was 4·5 days. Exudate management was rated very good or good at 96% of assessments. Visibility of the incision site was rated as very good or good at 72%, and as acceptable at 24%, of assessments. Patient comfort was rated very comfortable (63%) or comfortable (37%) at all assessments. Dressings were generally rated as satisfactory or exceeding expectations with clinicians stating that the Opsite Post-Op Visible dressing was better than the dressing they routinely used for 92% of patients. Opsite Post-Op Visible dressing is an innovative dressing combining good visibility with exudate management and patient comfort. It was found to have adequate wear time, visibility and exudate management properties making it suitable for use on a variety of surgical incision sites.

  19. Reliability and validity of the upper-body dressing scale in Japanese patients with vascular dementia with hemiparesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endo, Arisa; Suzuki, Makoto; Akagi, Atsumi; Chiba, Naoyuki; Ishizaka, Ikuyo; Matsunaga, Atsuhiko; Fukuda, Michinari

    2015-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Upper-body Dressing Scale (UBDS) for buttoned shirt dressing, which evaluates the learning process of new component actions of upper-body dressing in patients diagnosed with dementia and hemiparesis. This was a preliminary correlational study of concurrent validity and reliability in which 10 vascular dementia patients with hemiparesis were enrolled and assessed repeatedly by six occupational therapists by means of the UBDS and the dressing item of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.97 for intra-rater reliability and 0.99 for inter-rater reliability. The level of correlation between UBDS score and FIM dressing item scores was -0.93. UBDS scores for paralytic hand passed into the sleeve and sleeve pulled up beyond the shoulder joint were worse than the scores for the other components of the task. The UBDS has good reliability and validity for vascular dementia patients with hemiparesis. Further research is needed to investigate the relation between UBDS score and the effect of intervention and to clarify sensitivity or responsiveness of the scale to clinical change. PMID:25339376

  20. The Effect of Distraction Technique on the Pain of Dressing Change among 3-6 Year-old Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sima Kaheni

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background Burn dressings, debridement, surgical incisions, skin grafting and physical therapy are some of painful treatments of burn. According to the studies, distraction techniques have a significant effect on patients’ pain. The present study was designed and conducted to determine the effect of distraction on pain of dressing change in second degree burn in 3-6 year-old children. Materials and Methods This randomized controlled trial study, was conducted on 80 hospitalized children with second degree burn in 2015. Playing a video computer game for children during the dressing change procedure was the intervention for the interventional group. Also the intensity of pain was measured by behavioral pain scale for children (FLCC scale during dressing. This scale was completed for patients without no intervention in the control group during dressing. Results Pain intensity mean in the interventional group (2.575 ± 1.807 had significant changes in comparison with the control group (8.025 ± 1.187 (P

  1. Development and application of methods for the determination of silver in polymeric dressings used for the care of burns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Marco; Rigo, Chiara; Munivrana, Ivan; Vindigni, Vincenzo; Azzena, Bruno; Barbante, Carlo; Fenzi, Federica; Guerriero, Paolo; Cairns, Warren R L

    2013-10-15

    Open vessel and microwave digestion methods have been developed for the determination of total silver in six commercial dressing used for the treatment of skin burns. An extraction method using TMAH has also been developed to determine the amount of silver present in the exudates found on the surface after dressing removal so an estimation of the patient dose can be made. All microwave methods had a quantitative recovery, whereas the open vessel had recoveries that ranged from 80 to 100%. The silver concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using an external calibration. In the absence of suitable reference materials, isotope dilution analysis was applied to validate the accuracy of results obtained by external calibration. All the products had a total Ag content that agreed with the values declared by the producer, which ranged from 10 to 0.2% Ag by weight. One of the methods was applied to the indirect determination of Ag released in vivo by Acticoat™ Flex 3, a dressing composed of silver nanoparticles on a polymer net. Silver levels were determined in used dressings after application to patients with partial thickness skin burns. A maximum of 62% of the silver was found to have been released onto the patient where hemopurulent exudate occurred, indicating that the dressing was virtually exhausted after 3 days of use. We conclude that the Ag released into the patient's tissues is closely correlated with the local severity of the wound. PMID:24054566

  2. Interaction and effectiveness of antimicrobials along with healing-promoting agents in a novel biocellulose wound dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napavichayanun, Supamas; Amornsudthiwat, Phakdee; Pienpinijtham, Prompong; Aramwit, Pornanong

    2015-10-01

    An ideal wound dressing should keep the wound moist, allow oxygen permeation, adsorb wound exudate, accelerate re-epithelialization for wound closure, reduce pain and healing time, and prevent infection. Our novel biocellulose-based wound dressing was composed of three components: 1) biocellulose (BC), intended to create a moist and oxygen-permeated environment with exudate adsorption; 2) silk sericin (SS) known for its enhancement of collagen type I production, which is critical for re-epithelialization; and 3) the antiseptic polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB). To deliver an effective BC wound dressing, the interactions between the components (PHMB vs. SS) needed to be thoroughly analyzed. In this study, we investigated important parameters such as the loading sequence, loading concentration, and loading amount of the active compounds to ensure that the BC wound dressing could provide both antimicrobial activity and promote collagen production during healing. The loading sequence of SS and PHMB into BC was critical to maintain PHMB antimicrobial activity; silk sericin needed to be loaded before PHMB to avoid any negative impacts. The minimum PHMB concentration was 0.3% w/v for effective elimination of all tested bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). The amounts of SS and PHMB in BC were optimized to ensure that the dressings released the optimal amounts of both SS to enhance fibroblast collagen production and PHMB for effective antimicrobial activity. PMID:26117743

  3. VARIOUS FACTORS AFFECTING DRESSING PERCENTAGE OF COMMERCIALLY CULTURED CYPRINID FISH IN CARP FISH PONDS IN SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todor Marković

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the yield carcass of all categories of cyprinid fish reared in ponds in Serbia. Samples of two and three-year old carp, two-year old silver carp and grass carp were taken in the winter from a pond where the production is organized in a semi­intensive system. The three­year old carp was sampled from two ponds. In one case, it fed on barley, maize and wheat in the following proportions 40:30:30, while in the second case it fed on complete diet mixtures. Also, the samples of two­year old carp were taken from ponds where they fed on complete feed mixture. Dressing percentage was the most favourable in common carp (67%, followed by silver carp (62%, and it was the least in grass carp (60% (p<0.01. The best yield (66% was obtained in two-year old carp, followed by one-year old carp (64%, and the worst yield was determined in three-year old carp (58% (p<0.01. Carcasses yield was better in two-year old carp fed on pelleted feed (68% than in carp of the same age fed on grains (66% (p<0.01. The values of dressing percentage measured in three-year old carp reared in the semi-intensive system was 56%, and 59% in three-year old carp fed on pelleted complete feed mixture. Fish species, age, system of husbandry and diet showed a significant effect on carcasses yield. The highest dressing percentage and weight of fillets was noted in two-year old carp fed on complete feed, and it was a result of lower weight of internal organs and associated fat. The obtained results may be helpful in creating the best strategy for the selection of raw fish for fish manufacturing.

  4. Asymmetries in blue-yellow color perception and in the color of 'the dress'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Alissa D; Spillmann, Lothar; Werner, John S; Webster, Michael A

    2015-06-29

    The perception of color poses daunting challenges, because the light spectrum reaching the eye depends on both the reflectance of objects and the spectrum of the illuminating light source. Solving this problem requires sophisticated inferences about the properties of lighting and surfaces, and many striking examples of 'color constancy' illustrate how our vision compensates for variations in illumination to estimate the color of objects (for example [1-3]). We discovered a novel property of color perception and constancy, involving how we experience shades of blue versus yellow. We found that surfaces are much more likely to be perceived as white or gray when their color is varied along bluish directions, compared with equivalent variations along yellowish (or reddish or greenish) directions. This selective bias may reflect a tendency to attribute bluish tints to the illuminant rather than the object, consistent with an inference that indirect lighting from the sky and in shadows tends to be bluish. The blue-yellow asymmetry has striking effects on the appearance of images when their colors are reversed, turning white to yellow and silver to gold, and helps account for the variation among observers in the colors experienced in 'the dress' image that recently consumed the internet. Observers variously describe the dress as blue-black or white-gold, and this has been explained by whether the dress appears to be in direct lighting or shade (for example [5]). We show that these individual differences and potential lighting interpretations also depend on the special ambiguity of blue, for simply reversing the image colors causes almost all observers to report the lighter stripes as yellowish. PMID:25981792

  5. Effects of limited access dressing in chronic wounds: A biochemical and histological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thittamaranahalli Muguregowda Honnegowda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Negative pressure wound therapy has emerged as an attractive treatment modality for the management and healing of chronic ulcers. Though numerous clinical studies are available, there is a lack of biochemical and histological studies evaluating the healing of chronic wounds. Materials and Methods: In the present study, a total 60 patients were divided into two groups: Limited access dressing (LAD group (n = 30 and conventional dressing group (n = 30. Various biochemical parameters such as hydroxyproline, total protein and antioxidants such as reduced glutathione (GSH, glutathione peroxidase (GPx, catalase (CAT and oxidative biomarker malondialdhyde (MDA are measured in the granulation tissue. Histologically amount of inflammatory infiltrate, angiogenesis, and collagen deposition are studied to assess wound healing. Results: Patients treated with LAD have shown significant increase in the mean (±standard deviation hydroxyproline (77.3 ± 30.1 vs. 32.3 ± 16.18; P = 0.026, total protein (13.89 ± 9.0 vs. 8.9 ± 4.59; P = 0.004, GSH (7.4 ± 1.91 vs. 5.1 ± 1.28; P = 0.039, GPx (122.3 ± 59.3 vs. 88.7 ± 34.11; P = 0.030, CAT (1.80 ± 1.14 vs. 0.9 ± 0.71; P = 0.002 and decrease in MDA (13.4 ± 5.5 vs. 8.6 ± 3.8; P = 0.004. Histological study showed comparatively fewer inflammatory cells, increased and well organised collagen bundles, and more angiogenesis in the LAD group when compared with that with conventional dressing after 10 days of treatment. Conclusion: In the present study, we have found beneficial effect of newer intermittent negative pressure therapy in combination with moist environment (LAD on chronic wound healing by increasing collagen deposition and angiogenesis; and reducing oxidative stress and inflammatory infiltrate.

  6. Personality characteristics and sexual functioning of 188 cross-dressing men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, G R; Wise, T N; Costa, P T; Herbst, J H; Fagan, P J; Schmidt, C W

    1996-05-01

    The literature on cross-dressing men has been primarily limited to self-identified patients at psychiatric clinics who are in distress. To understand the personality trait characteristics and sexual functioning of nonpatient cross-dressers, 188 non-treatment-seeking male cross-dressers completed the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI) and the Derogatis Sexual Functioning Inventory (DSFI). Respondents were classified as transvestites (TV; N = 83), transgenderists (TG; N = 61), or transsexuals (TS; N = 44) based on self-report and the nature of their cross-gender activities (e.g., use of female hormones, desire for sex reassignment, and amount of time spent in female role). These diagnostic groups did not differ on the five broad personality domains of the NEO-PI, but TS men scored higher than TV and TG men on the Aesthetics facet scale of Openness to Experience (O). In terms of the DSFI scales, TS men reported lower sexual drive than TV and TG men, and TS and TG men exhibited greater psychiatric symptoms and feminine gender role, and poorer body image than TV men. Upon exclusion of a group of 49 respondents who previously sought treatment for psychological problems, no significant differences emerged among the three diagnostic groups on the NEO-PI domain and facet scales. Consideration of the DSFI scales showed that TS men experienced less sexual drive, more psychiatric symptoms, and a greater feminine gender role than TV or TG men. This study suggests that cross-dressers not seen for clinical reasons are virtually indistinguishable from non-cross-dressing men using a measure of personality traits, a sexual functioning inventory, and measures of psychological distress. These results emphasize the importance of using clinical significance criteria as required by DSM-IV guidelines before diagnosing men who cross-dress with an axis I disorder. PMID:8627271

  7. Effects of uniconazole waterless-dressing seed on DNA synthesis in seed germination of wheat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effects of uniconazole waterless-dressing seed on the synthesis of DNA in seed germination of wheat, c.v. Mianyang 26, were studied with the method of 3H-TdR. The results showed that uniconazole treatments could promote DNA synthesis, when the concentration of uniconazole was 20 mg/kg, the speed of DNA synthesis was the quickest. At the same time, the incorporating 3H-TdR indicated that uniconazole treatment were beneficial to the DNA repairing in the early period of wheat seed germination. (authors)

  8. An optically resolvable Schroedinger's cat from Rydberg dressed cold atom clouds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Rydberg dressed ultra-cold gases, ground state atoms inherit properties of a weakly admixed Rydberg state, such as sensitivity to long-range interactions. We show that through hyperfine-state dependent interactions, a pair of atom clouds can evolve into a spin and subsequently into a spatial Schroedinger's cat state: The pair, containing 40 atoms in total, is in a coherent superposition of two configurations, with cloud locations separated by micrometers. The mesoscopic nature of the superposition state can be proven with absorption imaging, while the coherence can be revealed though recombination and interference of the split wave packets.

  9. Comparative Clinical Study of Bactigras and Telfa AMD for Skin Graft Donor-Site Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pornanong Aramwit

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The Bactigras® paraffin tulle coated with chlorhexidine is normally used for the treatment of donor-site wounds in burn patients who received split-thickness skin grafts in several centers. It has some disadvantages, such as adhesion to wound surfaces and pain from the irritation caused by this dressing. The Telfa AMD®, a non-adherent wound dressing which consists of absorbent cotton fibers impregnated with polyhexamethylene biguanide enclosed in a sleeve of thermoplastic polymers, is a new option for donor-site wound care which causes less adherence to the wound. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical efficacy of these two dressings for the management of donor-site wounds. Thirty-two patients who received split-thickness skin grafts by donor site harvesting from the thigh were enrolled in this study and randomized into two groups receiving either the Bactigras® or the Telfa AMD® wound treatment. Re-epithelialization, pain, infection and cost-effectiveness analyses were compared between both groups. The results showed that there was no significant difference in age, area of donor sites or length of hospital stays between the groups (p > 0.05. However, the day of re-epithelialization (≥90% was significantly shorter in patients treated with the Telfa AMD® compared to the Bactigras® group (14.00 ± 3.05 vs. 9.25 ± 1.88 days for Bactigras® and Telfa AMD® groups, respectively, p < 0.001. The average pain score was also significantly lower in the Telfa AMD® group (1.57 ± 0.55 vs. 4.70 ± 1.16, p < 0.001. There was no difference in the cost of treatment between the groups (4.64 ± 1.97 vs. 5.72 ± 2.54 USD, p = 0.19. This study indicated that the Telfa AMD® was an effective dressing for the treatment of donor-site wounds.

  10. Thermal excitation of multi-photon dressed states in circuit quantum electrodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fink, J M; Baur, M; Bianchetti, R; Filipp, S; Goeppl, M; Leek, P J; Steffen, L; Wallraff, A [Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Blais, A [Departement de Physique, Universite de Sherbrooke, Quebec J1K 2R1 (Canada)], E-mail: jfink@phys.ethz.ch, E-mail: andreas.wallraff@phys.ethz.ch

    2009-12-15

    The exceptionally strong coupling realizable between superconducting qubits and photons stored in an on-chip microwave resonator allows for the detailed study of matter-light interactions in the realm of circuit quantum electrodynamics (QED). Here we investigate the resonant interaction between a single transmon-type multilevel artificial atom and weak thermal and coherent fields. We explore up to three photon dressed states of the coupled system in a linear response heterodyne transmission measurement. The results are in good quantitative agreement with a generalized Jaynes-Cummings model. Our data indicate that the role of thermal fields in resonant cavity QED can be studied in detail using superconducting circuits.

  11. GaP Homojunction LEDs Fabricated by Dressed-Photon-Phonon-Assisted Annealing

    OpenAIRE

    Jun Hyoung Kim; Tadashi Kawazoe; Motoichi Ohtsu

    2015-01-01

    By using a homojunction-structured GaP single crystal, we generated a photon energy higher than the bandgap energy (2.26 eV). The device was fabricated by performing dressed-photon-phonon- (DPP-) assisted annealing, while applying a forward-bias current, on a p-n homojunction structure formed by implanting a dopant (Zn) into an n-type GaP substrate. The DPP-assisted annealing increased the light emission intensity in an energy band above 2.32 eV by at least 550% compared with that before anne...

  12. Quark-gluon double parton distributions in the light-front dressed quark model

    CERN Document Server

    Kasemets, Tomas

    2016-01-01

    We study parton distributions for two partons, a quark and a gluon, in the light-front dressed quark model, with focus on correlations between the two partons. The model calculation leads to sizable spin-spin and spin-kinematic correlations of interest for studies of double parton scattering (DPS) in high-energy collisions. In particular, we find that the transverse dependence of the double parton distributions (DPDs) does not factorize within the model. The results gives insight to the strengths of correlations in different kinematical regions, which can help in constructing input DPDs in cross section calculations.

  13. Biomaterials based on N,N,N-trimethyl chitosan fibers in wound dressing applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhongzheng; Yan, Dong; Cheng, Xiaojie; Kong, Ming; Liu, Ya; Feng, Chao; Chen, Xiguang

    2016-08-01

    In the present work, N,N,N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) fibers were synthesized successfully and the resulting quaternized materials were characterized by FTIR. The designed TMC fibers with different degree of quaternization achieved high water absorption capability. In antibacterial activity study, TMC fibers showed high antibacterial activity than chitosan fibers against the gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli (>63%) and gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (>99%). TMC fibers exhibited no obvious cytotoxicity to mouse embryo fibroblast cells with low extraction concentrations (chitosan fibers). In conclusion, TMC fibers have a potential to be used as wound dressing materials. PMID:26893050

  14. Dressing a black hole with non-minimally coupled scalar field hair

    OpenAIRE

    Winstanley, Elizabeth(Consortium for Fundamental Physics, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield, S3 7RH, United Kingdom)

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the possibility of dressing a four-dimensional black hole with classical scalar field hair which is non-minimally coupled to the space-time curvature. Our model includes a cosmological constant but no self-interaction potential for the scalar field. We are able to rule out black hole hair except when the cosmological constant is negative and the constant governing the coupling to the Ricci scalar curvature is positive. In this case, non-trivial hairy black hole solutions exist,...

  15. Negative pressure wound therapy and external fixation device: a simple way to seal the dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulla, Antonio; Farace, Francesco; Uzel, André-Pierre; Casoli, Vincent

    2014-07-01

    Negative pressure therapy is widely applied to treat lower limb trauma. However, sealing a negative pressure dressing in the presence of an external fixation device may be difficult and time consuming. Therefore, screws, pins, wires, etc, may preclude the vacuum, preventing the plastic drape to perfectly adhere to the foam. To maintain the vacuum, we tried to prevent air leaking around the screws putting bone wax at the junction between the pins and the plastic drape. This solution, in our hands, avoids air leakage and helps maintain vacuum in a fast and inexpensive way. PMID:24296597

  16. Life Threatening, Allopurinol-related Dress Syndrome as a Rare Cause of Fever of Unknown Origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civardi, Giuseppe; Zanlari, Luca; Bassi, Emanuele; Zangrandi, Adriano; Maria Cesinaro, Anna; Nosseir, Sofia; De Maria, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Drug reaction eosinophilia with systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a potentially life threatening condition secondary to the usage of a wide type of drugs. A 38-year-old woman under allopurinol therapy for hyperuricemia was admitted in our department with fever and a diffuse cutaneous erythematous eruption. A few days after admission she developed rapidly progressive signs of acute liver and kidney failure. Subsequently, her clinical conditions shortly improved. The histologic findings obtained from skin and liver biopsies were consistent with a toxic drug reaction. The patient completely recovered and has been healthy for five years. PMID:26278306

  17. A Change of Traditional Method of Treatment of Partial Thickness Burn with Hydrofibre Dressings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitura Kryspin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Nearly 1% of population is affected with burn trauma annually. Among patients seeking advanced medical care almost 8% require hospital stay. Most burns are superficial and do not cause full thickness damage to the skin. Standard topical treatment of burn wounds with creams and ointments requires frequent dressings’ changes. The healing process is long and expensive. The technological revolution, as occurred in the last decade in the field of dressing care allows us to introduce the use of advanced material solutions. Modern materials allow to shorten the treatment time, reduce the expenses and diminish the patient discomfort leading to good outcome.

  18. Síndrome de Dress y síndrome de Steven Johnson

    OpenAIRE

    Shang Wu Hsieh

    2011-01-01

    Las enfermedades de la piel muchas veces se asocian a medicamentos que pueden resultar en consecuencias fatales si no se detecta su causa a tiempo. El síndrome de Dress (Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms) es una enfermedad caracterizada por la tríada rash, compromiso sistémico y visceral y en la mayoría de los casos se ha reportado la presencia de eosinofilia; que se asocia en la mayoría de las veces al uso de antiepilépticos aunque no de manera exclusiva. El síndrome de S...

  19. Rabi Oscillation of Exciton Dressed by Phonons In a Quantum Dot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠生; 朱卡的

    2003-01-01

    The effect of strong exciton-phonon interaction on the excitonic Rabi oscillations in a coherently driven quantum dot in a high-Q single mode cavity is investigated theoretically. We show that the Rabi oscillation of exciton dressed by phonons can persists with the Rabi frequency ge-λ/2 at absolute zero temperature, where g is the single-photon Rabi frequency and λ is the Huang-Rhys factor. The results also present that such coherent oscillations can be modified by manipulating the Rabi frequency of the driving field.

  20. Nematicide Seed Dressing for Cyst and Lesion Nematode Control in Wheat

    OpenAIRE

    Orion, D.; Shlevin, E.

    1989-01-01

    A trial was conducted in the northern Negev region of Israel in a field heavily infested with both cyst (Heterodera avenae) and lesion (Pratylenchus mediterraneus) nematodes. Wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Bet Lehem) seeds were coated with either seed-dressing formulation of furathiocarb 10 g a.i./kg seed or emulsifiable concentrate formulations ofcarbofuran 10 g a.i./kg seed or oxamyl 3.6 g a.i./kg seed. Untreated seeds served as control. The trial was arranged in a randomized block design wit...