WorldWideScience

Sample records for biography

  1. Transnational biographies

    OpenAIRE

    Apitzsch, Ursula; Siouti, Irini

    2014-01-01

    "In this paper we discuss the concept of transnational biographies in migration studies. We use a biographical case study from the relatively new research field of advancement through education to explore that a transnational biography is not just a product of subjectivity but also a way of gaining access to invisible but nonetheless objective structures of transnational migration spaces. Our thesis is that the discovery and use of a transnational European educational space made it possible f...

  2. Freud and Literary Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellman, Richard

    1984-01-01

    Sigmund Freud's attitudes about writing biographies of authors, and the influence of Freud's work on the interpretations of creativity, are discussed in relation to biographies of and by a number of writers. It is proposed that Freud's contributions, used carefully, have served to enlighten biography. (MSE)

  3. Arnold Hauser - a biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mihail

    It seems reasonable to regard Arnold Hauser's own biography in three different stories. First an official one, dealing with his public appearance through his publications. Another story has to be told about his personal life concentrating on his relationships with other intellectuals important to...... his biography. The last story deals with his self-estimation as an intellectual in a modern society....

  4. Aging According to Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiland, Steven

    1989-01-01

    Uses Erik Erikson's work to discuss how biographies treat aging. Explores how developmental theorists observe biographical representations of the life cycle and its applicability to aging. (Author/BHK)

  5. Social Biography and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crepeau, Elizabeth Blesedell

    1997-01-01

    A researcher's life experiences cannot help but influence the research process. Including elements of one's social biography in research reports helps readers identify how a researcher's history and biases shaped the study. (SK)

  6. Exhibiting Mozart: Rethinking Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Spring, Ulrike

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: The article analyses the new permanent exhibition in the composer Wolfgang A. Mozart’s apartment in Vienna, opened in 2006, from the curator’s perspective. The exhibition presents an approach to biographical display in which the exhibited person becomes part of a multifaceted web of contexts, and the article argues for the active deployment of the polysemic character of objects as a means of grasping the complexity of a person’s biography. Presenting a concept for the...

  7. The universe a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    2008-01-01

    The Universe: A Biography makes cosmology accessible to everyone. John Gribbin navigates the latest frontiers of scientific discovery to tell us what we really know about the history of the universe. Along the way, he describes how the universe began; what the early universe looked like; how its structure developed; and what emerged to hold it all together. He describes where the elements came from; how stars and galaxies formed; and the story of how life emerged. He even looks to the future: is the history of the universe going to end with a Big Crunch or a Big Rip.

  8. Albert Einstein a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Fölsing, Albrecht

    1997-01-01

    Albert Einstein's achievements are not just milestones in the history of science; decades ago they became an integral part of the twentieth-century world in which we live. Like no other modern physicist he altered and expanded our understanding of nature. Like few other scholars, he stood fully in the public eye. In a world changing with dramatic rapidity, he embodied the role of the scientist by personal example. Albrecht Folsing, relying on previously unknown sources and letters, brings Einstein's "genius" into focus. Whereas former biographies, written in the tradition of the history of science, seem to describe a heroic Einstein who fell to earth from heaven, Folsing attempts to reconstruct Einstein's thought in the context of the state of research at the turn of the century. Thus, perhaps for the first time, Einstein's surroundings come to light.

  9. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen: A biography; Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen: Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leicht, H.

    1994-12-31

    The author of this biography attempts to throw some light on the personality of Wilhelm Roentgen. The book describes how Roentgen gained celebrity for his discoveries, but also the problems he encountered in his early scientific career. (orig.) [Deutsch] In der Biographie laesst der Autor den menschlichen Zuegen Roentgens breiten Raum. Das Buch schildert, wie Roentgen aufgrund seiner Entdeckung Beruehmtheit erlangte. Es zeigt jedoch nicht nur die Hoehepunkte im Leben Roentgens, sondern auch seinen schweren Weg zum Wissenschaftler. (orig.)

  10. Julius Petersen 1839-1910. A Biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Jesper; Sabidussi, Gert; Toft, Bjarne

    1992-01-01

    A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics.......A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics....

  11. Literary Biography: The Cinderella of Literary Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This article begins by contrasting the popularity of biography in the general culture with the neglect of literary biography as a branch of literary studies. The argument follows from the hybrid character of a genre in which history is crossed with narrative. Using concepts drawn from narratology, it shows how biography's handling of life stories…

  12. Bookshelf. John Adams biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: When John Bertram Adams died on 3 March 1984, CERN lost one of its principal architects. The late Sir John Adams was a very private person who rarely confided in his colleagues. This made the job of his biographer particularly difficult. Michael Crowley- Milling has succeeded admirably, and has performed a very important service. Is it a potted history of CERN, or the story of the building of the PS, or of the SPS? Yes, all of these, but most of all it is a thoughtful and discerning biography and a fitting tribute to a veritable giant of European science and technology. The sub-title,' Engineer Extraordinary' refers not only to John's outstanding ability as a builder of accelerators, but perhaps even more importantly, as a builder of teams and an 'engineer of opinions'. The book describes how John's attention to detail and intuitive engineering skills developed during the early part of his career, when working in radar research, and how he emerged as a natural leader in the building of the CERN PS. Then later, how his statesmanship enabled him to ''...rescue it (the 300 GeV Programme) from seeming political disaster and nurse it through technical problems to a successful conclusion.'' One crucial part of this process described is the visit to CERN in 1970 by Margaret Thatcher, at that time UK Secretary of State for Education and Science, and her subsequent letters of thanks, not only to Bernard Gregory as Director General, but also to John. It is interesting to speculate to what extent the good impression made on that occasion helped many years later, when as Prime Minister Mrs Thatcher decided that Britain should stay in CERN! After the successful commissioning of the SPS, the book goes on to describe the period when the two CERN Laboratories were merged under two Directors General. Unfortunately I found this part a little too low key, given that John and Leon van Hove presided over what was undoubtedly

  13. Gauß eine Biographie

    CERN Document Server

    Mania, Hubert

    2009-01-01

    Daniel Kehlmann hat ihn wiederentdeckt, den bedeutendsten Mathematiker der Neuzeit: Karl Friedrich Gauß (1777 1855). Seine überragenden wissenschaftlichen Leistungen waren schon seinen Zeitgenossen bewusst. Da Gauß jedoch nur einen Bruchteil seiner Entdeckungen veröffentlichte, erschloss sich erst der Nachwelt die Tiefgründigkeit und Reichweite seines Werks. Hubert Mania schildert in dieser ersten umfassenden Biographie die Geschichte eines genialen Wissenschaftlers und zugleich eine ganze Epoche. Gauß war ein Mann, der in einer Welt des Aufbruchs völlig zurückgezogen lebte. Dabei hat er wie kaum ein anderer unsere Sicht der Welt revolutioniert. Als Erster formulierte er eine nichteuklidische Geometrie und schuf damit die unentbehrliche Grundlage zu Einsteins Entwicklung der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. Eine glänzend geschriebene Biographie des weltberühmten und doch so unbekannten Genies Karl Friedrich Gauß.

  14. Towards a Poetics of Literary Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Writing biography, as writing any historical account, "involves the use of literary techniques and is subject to aesthetic requirements in both style and structure." Narrative, common to both historical and fictional writing, is the central theoretical concept; and understanding the nature of narrative in biography--a hybrid genre that is grounded…

  15. Biographies

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    DANIÈLE BERTON-CHARRIÈRE Danièle Berton-Charrière est professeur à l’université Blaise Pascal de Clermont- Ferrand. Spécialiste du théâtre élisabéthain et jacobéen, elle a soutenu une thèse d’État sur Cyril Tourneur. Ses travaux de recherche portent sur le théâtre (jusqu’à l’époque contemporaine), l’intertextualité et l’intersémioticité. Elle a co-dirigé Expression contemporaine et représentation (s) dans le théâtre anglophone (2006) et Création théâtrale : schèmes, traduction, adaptation (20...

  16. Biographies of Albert Einstein -- Mastermind of Theoretical Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Weinstein, Galina

    2012-01-01

    Over the years many have written biographies of Einstein. They all based their biographies on primary sources, archival material: memories and letters of people who were in contact with Einstein, Einstein's own recollections; interviews that Einstein had given over the years, and letters of Einstein to his friends - youth friends like Marcel Grossman and Michele Besso and later friends and colleagues like Heinrich Zangger; and especially his love letters with Mileva Mari\\'c. One can demarcate between two types of biographies, namely, Documentary biographies, and, Non-documentary biographies. Non-documentary biographies were written by people who based themselves on documentary biographies and on other non-documentary biographies. Documentary biographies were written by people who knew Einstein personally, and received information from him and from other people who were in personal contact with him. This type can be further divided into two subgroups: books that were written while Einstein was still alive, and...

  17. Magnus Hirschfeld, his biographies and the possibilities and boundaries of "biography" as "doing history.".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Toni; Hegarty, Peter

    2009-12-01

    This article considers the two major biographies of sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld, MD (1868-1935), an early campaigner for "gay rights" avant la lettre. Like him, his first biographer Charlotte Wolff (1897-1986) was a Jewish doctor who lived and worked in Weimar Republic Berlin and fled Germany when the Nazi regime came to power. When researching Hirschfeld's biography (published in English in 1986) Wolff met a librarian and gay activist, Manfred Herzer, who would eventually be a cofounder of the Gay Museum in Berlin and publish (in German, in 1992) the other major Hirschfeld biography currently available. Using, inter alia, the correspondence between Wolff and Herzer, the article aims to explore and interrogate the boundaries and possibilities of "biography" as a form of "doing history." PMID:20422759

  18. Magnus Hirschfeld, his biographies and the possibilities and boundaries of "biography" as "doing history.".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Toni; Hegarty, Peter

    2009-12-01

    This article considers the two major biographies of sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld, MD (1868-1935), an early campaigner for "gay rights" avant la lettre. Like him, his first biographer Charlotte Wolff (1897-1986) was a Jewish doctor who lived and worked in Weimar Republic Berlin and fled Germany when the Nazi regime came to power. When researching Hirschfeld's biography (published in English in 1986) Wolff met a librarian and gay activist, Manfred Herzer, who would eventually be a cofounder of the Gay Museum in Berlin and publish (in German, in 1992) the other major Hirschfeld biography currently available. Using, inter alia, the correspondence between Wolff and Herzer, the article aims to explore and interrogate the boundaries and possibilities of "biography" as a form of "doing history."

  19. Irrepressible Reformer: A Biography of Melvil Dewey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegand, Wayne A.

    This book is a biography of Melvil Dewey, the man behind the Dewey Decimal Classification System. Tracing Dewey's life and early influences that shaped it, the book explores Dewey's employment experiences, enterprises, and innovations and present a range of views on them; he was seen as an organizational genius but also as arrogant, manipulative,…

  20. Selected translations and analysis of "Further biographies of nuns"

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    ‘Further Biographies of Nuns’ was compiled by Master Zhenhua (1908 -1947) in the 1940s and presents the biographies of 200 Buddhist nuns from the Liang Dynasty (502-557) to the Republic of China (1912-1949). This thesis presents the translation of twelve biographies from ‘Further Biographies of Nuns.’ Though the Buddhist monks of China have been a source for many biographies and studies by both Asian and Western scholars throughout history, Chinese Buddhist nuns have received little atte...

  1. Sylvia Plath and the Dangers of Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Asotić

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available 2013 marked the 50th anniversary of the death of Sylvia Plath and was commemorated by a flurry of new publications on the life and work of the late poet. The renewed interest in Sylvia Plath also revitalized the decades-old debate on the interdependence of her poems and her biography. This paper investigates and problematizes the way in which poetry in general and the work of Sylvia Plath in particular are read and interpreted. It tries to shed some light on the “biographical fallacy” which has for so long plagued critical approaches to her work and shows ways in which S. Plath’s own poetic method differs from the method of confessional writers such as Robert Lowell, in the hope of revealing why S. Plath’s work cannot and should not be approached through the prism of her biography.

  2. Agency in the Social Biographies of Young People in Belgrade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomanovic, Smiljka

    2012-01-01

    The article deals with the formation of the social biographies of young people through the interplay of structure and agency. The aim is to provide a grounded typology of patterns of young people's agency within the process of shaping social biographies. The structural context addressed in the article consists of family resources and habitus. The…

  3. Ethnomusicological biography of the traditional folk musician: Biography of the gusle-player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lajić-Mihajlović Danka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of ethnomusicology from a comparative discipline to an anthropologically oriented science there has been an increase in the significance of the biography of folk musicians as scientific sources. The intention of the anthropological thought to accept and theoretically consider human nature as open and dynamic, has been realized in the ethnomusicological plane through the understanding of music as a product of thinking and behaviour of a particular musician in given circumstances. The concept of an artist is especially complex in the field of oral music culture, where creation and performance are connected in one person and the transferring process involves direct communication. The attempt to overcome the dichotomy of the musicological and sociological, i. e. anthropological attitude in ethnomusicology by synthesizing concepts which involve music, culture and man has brought particular importance to the relations between individual biographies and 'biographies of the collective' - relevant historical ethnological, anthropological, sociological, culturological, religion ideological and other types of data. Observations enlightening the social side of the folk musician's personality make the necessary 'frame' for the biography: from 'objective' social circumstances which modelled it to the opinion of the cultural environment about his performing. The folk musician's biography oriented towards ethnomusicology involves the result of a critical evaluation of the picture based on the emic and ethic vision autobiographical data and the observations of others, primarily researchers. The complexity of a biographical discourse in ethnomusicology can be perfectly seen in the example of the gusle-player's biography, as a genre-determined solo role in the tradition. For studying the relation between a person and a style of music expression, concerning gusle-players it is important to bear in mind the change in the profile of gusle

  4. Historical "Bad Guys": Biography as a Teaching Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Donald J.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a history course on the college level that uses biographies to help students connect important political leaders, such as Hitler and Machiavelli, to the time and place that shaped their actions. Reports on the effectiveness of the class. (RKM)

  5. Biographies of Albert Einstein -- Mastermind of Theoretical Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Weinstein, Galina

    2012-01-01

    Over the years many have written biographies of Einstein. They all based their biographies on primary sources, archival material: memories and letters of people who were in contact with Einstein, Einstein's own recollections; interviews that Einstein had given over the years, and letters of Einstein to his friends - youth friends like Marcel Grossman and Michele Besso and later friends and colleagues like Heinrich Zangger; and especially his love letters with Mileva Mari\\'c. One can demarcate...

  6. A biography of Wolfgang Ernest Pauli

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents a short biography of Pauli in which we find the most important facts of his scientific career and some stunning sides of his personality. Pauli was born in 1900 in Vienna in an intellectual family. He was very soon interested in physics. At the age of 21 he published a relevant article on relativity, and the same year he presented a doctorate thesis on the quantum description of the H2+ molecular ion. As soon as 1925, Pauli discovered the exclusion principle (for which he will receive the Nobel prize in 1945), and was the first to calculate the energy levels of the hydrogen atom by using the Heisenberg formalism. In 1930, he suggested the existence of an unknown particle (the neutrino) to explain the continuous spectrum of the beta decay. In 1934, he found a link between the spin and the quantum statistics that is now called the spin-statistic theorem. Pauli died in december 1958 from a pancreas tumor. (A.C.)

  7. Polish-Jewish and Jewish-Polish Biographies: Repeated Reconnaissance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Czyżak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article contains reflections on changes in biographical writing, especially biography of persons of heterogenous ethnic identity. The biographies are not only reconstructions of an individual’s life, but also a clear testimony and reflection of changes in collective consciousness. It turns out that biographies also discover, in a peculiar way, the author’s identity, who, in the process of selection and creation of a biographical text, reveals a part of their own history. This aspect is clearly seen in texts by second and third generation Holocaust survivors, and is demonstrated by interpretations of Magdalena Tulli’s Włoskie szpilki [Italian High Heels] and Piotr Paziński’s Pensjonat [Boarding house].

  8. Notes on the Method of World-System Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevan Harris

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available C. Wright Mills boiled the social sciences down to one sentence: “They are attempts to help us understand biography and history, and the connections between the two in a variety of social structures.” This special issue considers biography as an fruitful entry point into macro-historical sociology. With lineages from Marx and Weber to Wallerstein and Bourdieu, the sociology of the individual can produce a clearer path between the muddy oppositions of structure and agency or the longue durée and the event. This special issue unbinds biography from methodological nationalism and the teleology of great men tales. Instead, we aim to show how individuals are "a world within a world," an acting subject structured within world historical time and place.

  9. The Underdog Effect: The Marketing of Disadvantage and Determination through Brand Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Neeru Paharia; Anat Keinan; Jill Avery; Juliet B. Schor

    2011-01-01

    We introduce the concept of an underdog brand biography to describe an emerging trend in branding in which firms author a historical account of their humble origins, lack of resources, and determined struggle against the odds. We identify two essential dimensions of an underdog biography: external disadvantage, and passion and determination. We demonstrate that such a biography can increase purchase intentions, real choice, and brand loyalty. We argue that these biographies are effective beca...

  10. Vadim Kuznetsov. Informal Biography by Eyes of His First Adviser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Komarov

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper is dedicated to the memory of prominent theoretical physicist and mathematician Dr. Vadim Kuznetsov who worked, in particular, in the fields of the nonlinear dynamics, separation of variables, integrability theory, special functions. It includes his short research biography, an account of the start of his research career and the list of publications.

  11. Reclaiming and Reimagining Macro Social Work Education: A Collective Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netting, F. Ellen; O'Connor, Mary Katherine; Cole, Portia L.; Hopkins, Karen; Jones, Jenny L.; Kim, Youngmi; Leisey, Monica; Mulroy, Elizabeth A.; Rotabi, Karen Smith; Thomas, M. Lori; Weil, Marie O.; Wike, Traci L.

    2016-01-01

    The authors focus on a collective biography of 12 women social work educators, all either tenured or in tenure lines, from five different universities at the time of the study. The participants represent several aspects of macro practice including administration, planning, community practice, and policy. Beginning with reflections about coming…

  12. Hypatia's Sisters: Biographies of Women Scientists - Past and Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schacher, Susan

    This booklet gives two- or three-page biographies of seventeen women scientists. They range in history from Agnodice (physician, 300 B.B.) to Jane Goodall (born 1934). In addition, brief sketches are given of twenty-three other women scientists. This anthology is intended to fill a need for curriculum materials and literature that provide positive…

  13. Collective Biography and Memory Work: Girls Reading Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    Collective biography draws on memory work methods developed initially by feminist sociologists (Haug et al., 1987) where people collaboratively examined the social and discursive resources through which they take themselves up as particular gendered subjects in the world. Their own memories become resources to investigate processes of…

  14. American Prometheus. The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Biography; J. Robert Oppenheimer. Die Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, Kai; Sherwin, Martin J.

    2009-07-01

    A definitive portrait of legendary scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the ''father'' of the atomic bomb, discusses his seminal role in the twentieth-century scientific world, as well as his lesser-known roles as family man, supposed communist, and head of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies. ''American Prometheus'' is a rich evocation of America in mid-century and a compelling portrait of scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a man shaped by its major events--the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War. (orig.) [German] J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), der ''Vater der Atombombe'', zaehlt zu den schillerndsten Figuren der juengeren Zeitgeschichte. Fuer ihre glaenzende Biographie des ''amerikanischen Prometheus'' erhielten der Journalist Kai Bird und der Historiker Martin J. Sherwin den Pulitzer-Preis. Exemplarisch lassen sie das Drama eines Forschers lebendig werden, der sich zwischen Erkenntnisdrang und ethischer Verantwortung entscheiden muss. Oppenheimer leitete das streng geheime Manhattan-Projekt in der Wueste von New Mexico, wo am 16. Juli 1945 die erste Atombombe gezuendet wurde. Kurz darauf starben in Hiroshima und Nagasaki mehr als 200 000 Menschen durch die neue ''Wunderwaffe'' - die Menschheit war ins Atomzeitalter eingetreten. Erschuettert von der Zerstoerungskraft seiner Schoepfung, engagierte sich Oppenheimer fortan gegen den Einsatz nuklearer Waffen. Das machte ihn im Amerika der McCarthy-Aera verdaechtig. Er geriet ins Visier des FBI, wurde als Spion der Sowjetunion verleumdet und musste den Staatsdienst quittieren. Sein Privatleben wurde an die Oeffentlichkeit gezerrt, seine Wohnung verwanzt, sein Telefon abgehoert. Erst 1963 rehabilitierte ihn Praesident Kennedy. Ueber dreissig Jahre hinweg haben die Autoren Interviews mit Oppenheimers Angehoerigen, Freunden und Kollegen gefuehrt, FBI-Akten gesichtet, Tonbaender von Reden und Verhoeren

  15. Making Sense of Scientific Biographies: Scientific Achievement, Nature of Science, and Storylines in College Students' Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Seyoung

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the educative value of scientific biographies will be explored, especially for non-science major college students. During the "Scientist's life and thought" course, 66 college students read nine scientific biographies including five biologists, covering the canonical scientific achievements in Western scientific history.…

  16. Sports Biographies of African American Football Players: The Racism of Colorblindness in Children's Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winograd, Ken

    2011-01-01

    This is an exploratory study of racism in a genre of children's literature that has been largely overlooked by research and teaching in multicultural children's literature: sports biographies and, in particular, the biographies of African American professional football players. By examining the race bias of this genre of children's literature, the…

  17. Portrayal of Life Form in Selected Biographies for Children Eight to Twelve Years of Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Shirley Lois

    This study describes and analyzes, in a critical literary manner, selected biographies for children eight to twelve years of age. Biographies of Jane Addams, Cesar Chavez, Mohandas Gandhi, Toyohiko Kagawa, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Albert Schweitzer are viewed from the perspective of a literary criterion based on the principles of design to…

  18. Efficacy of ACA strategies in biography-driven science teaching: an investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Grizelda L.; Miller, Stuart S.; Murry, Kevin; Herrera, Socorro; Spears, Jacqueline D.

    2013-12-01

    This study explored the biography-driven approach to teaching culturally and linguistically diverse students in science education. Biography-driven instruction (BDI) embraces student diversity by incorporating students' sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, and academic dimensions of their biographies into the learning process (Herrera in Biography-driven culturally responsive teaching. Teachers College Press, New York, 2010). Strategies have been developed (Herrera, Kavimandan and Holmes in Crossing the vocabulary bridge: differentiated strategies for diverse secondary classrooms. Teachers College Press, New York, 2011) that provide teachers with instructional routines that facilitate BDI. Using systematic classroom observations we empirically demonstrate that these activate, connect, affirm, strategies are likely to be effective in increasing teachers' biography-driven practices. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  19. Athletes confessions: the sports biography as an interaction ritual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thing, L F; Ronglan, L T

    2015-04-01

    Commercialization of emotions is not a new phenomenon but in Denmark there is a new general trend to tell and sell personal stories in the media. Personal deprivation and crises are also major topics in sports media. This paper focuses on sports biographies as a book genre that is reviving in popularity. The paper approaches the topic through the biographies of one Danish athlete: the former professional cyclist, Jesper Skibby, who writes about his doping disclosure and shares his personal dilemmas as a former elite sportsman. The thematic text analysis orientates around social interactions, emotions, and personality constructions. Inspired by microsociology with a Durkheimian flavor of Goffman and Hochschild, themes including "face work," "interaction rituals," and "emotions management" are discussed. The analysis claims that sharing personal information in the media is not only a means of confession and reclaiming status but is also business and management - on an intimate level. Telling the story of the corrosion of a sporting character has become a hot issue, an entertainment, and not least a commercial commitment. PMID:24673745

  20. J.B. McLachlan: a biography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frank, D.

    1999-07-01

    This social history and biography of James Bryson McLaughlin (1869-1916) describes McLaughlin's leadership as an educator and instigator in organizing Nova Scotia's coal miners during the labour wars in the 1920s. McLaughlin's background and childhood, education, reputation, religion, family life, health, and death are described. Included are descriptions of the life of coal miners in Cape Breton, radical left politics in Canada and the organizers involved, the political economy of the coal industry, child labour, churches, coal markets and prices, company towns and housing, mining disasters and fatalities, elections, First World War efforts, the depression, immigrants, and strikes. The labour organizations, companies, churches, and politicians involved in the struggles for union acceptance are discussed. 872 refs., 7 figs., 24 photos.

  1. A life of Erwin Schroedinger; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Walter J.

    2012-07-01

    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientists of the 20th century at all and - a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest in people and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he got the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedinger's cat''. Walter Moore's biography is very close to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his private friendships, his interest in mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  2. The Physicist and Astronomer Christoper Scheiner - Biography Letters, Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daxecker, Franz

    The Jesuit priest Christopher Scheiner was one of the most influential astronomers of the first half of the 17th century. He was a creative and down-to-earth natural scientist who worked in the fields of astronomy, physics, optics and ophthalmology, while following his vocations as university lecturer, church builder and pastor. In scientific matters he was Galilei's opponent. Their dispute centred on the priority of discovery in regard to the sunspots. Scheiner was not the first to discover the sunspots, but he gave the most detailed account thereofin his main work "Rosa Ursina sive Sol". He was, however, ceaseless in his defense of the geocentric system. In 1891, Anton v.Braunmühl published a biography of Father Scheiner. Ever since then, new documents have come to light, justifying the publication of a new biography. Among the documents now available is Scheiner's hitherto unknown dissertation. Notes taken during his lectures in Ingolstadt provide valuable information on astronomy using the telescope, an invention of his lifetime. His exchange of letters with personalities like Archduke Leopold V of Austria-Tyrol, with scientists like Magini, Galilei, Gassendi, Kepler and confriars Rader, Guldin, Alber, Minutuli, Cysat und Kircher is a source of precious insights. Letters to Scheiner from the Father Generals of his order display evidence of his superiors' zero tolerance for the helincentric system. They also disclose Scheiner's wish to become a missionary in China, the financial difficulties he faced while trying to find a publisher for his "Rosa Ursina sive Sol" and his personal shortcomings. A Scheiner obituary from 1650 was found in Cracow in 2001. It contains information on the troublesome last years of his life and has finally allowed us to determine the year of his birth. Scheiner's personality has been praised as well as criticized by many authors - sometimes depending on their ideological backgrounds. This holds true especially regarding the argument

  3. Personality and Biography: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the History of Adult Education. Volume II: Biographies of Adult Educators from Five Continents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedenthal-Haase, Martha, Ed.

    This volume contains 36 biographies: "I.T.A. Wallace-Johnson and Radical Adult Education (AE) in Sierra Leone in the Years 1938/1939" (Turay); "Frank C. Laubach as the Father of the Adult Literacy Movement in India" (Ghosh); "A Historical Study on the Theory and Practice of Social and AE in Korea" (Lee); "Integrative Adult Educators" (Yaron);…

  4. An experimental 'Life' for an experimental life: Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxham, Noah

    2016-03-01

    Richard Waller's 'Life of Dr Robert Hooke', prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting this strategy and his struggle with the problem of how to represent an early experimental philosopher in print. I suggest that Waller eschews the 'Christian philosopher' tradition of contemporary biography - partly because of the unusually diverse and fragmentary nature of Hooke's intellectual output - and draws instead upon the structure of the Royal Society's archive as a means of organizing and understanding Hooke's life. The most quoted phrase from Waller's biography is that Hooke became 'to a crime close and reserved' in later life; this essay argues that Waller's biographical sketch was fashioned in order to undo the effects of that reserve. In modelling his approach very closely on the structure of the society's records he was principally concerned with making Hooke's work and biography accessible, intelligible and useful to the fellowship in a context familiar to them, a context which had provided the institutional framework for most of Hooke's adult life. I argue that Waller's 'Life' was also intended to make the largest claims for Hooke's intellectual standing that the author dared in the context of the enmity between Hooke and Isaac Newton once the latter became president of the Royal Society. However, I also adduce fresh manuscript evidence that Waller actually compiled, but did not publish, a defence of Hooke's claim to have discovered the inverse square law of gravity, allowing us to glimpse a much more assertive biography of Hooke than the published version. PMID

  5. Time and death in compiled adab "biographies"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kilpatrick, Hilary

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In mediaeval Arabic belles-lettres (adab, accounts of lives are usually made up of quite short reports akhbār. These akhbār. are arranged in different ways, one of which is chronological order, but the compilers of such accounts apparently accord relative insignificance to chronological order. This paper examines some "biographies" compiled by al-Ṣūlī and Abū 1-Faraj al-Iṣbahānī, showing that temporal progression can exist in a "biographical" presentation, either alone or more often combined with other ways of organising the material. It then focuses on the placing of subjects' deaths in life accounts and on how they are integrated with the rest of the material. In conclusion, I suggest that when temporal progression is absent in "biographical" presentations, this should be seen as reflecting a mediaeval Arabic approach to life writing which differs from modem expectations but has its own rationale.

    En el género árabe medieval del adab (bellas letras, los relatos de vidas están normalmente compuestos a base de pequeñas noticias (ajbār. Estos ajbār están organizados de distintas maneras, una de las cuales es el orden cronológico, aunque los compiladores de tales noticias dan aparentemente poca importancia a tal orden. Este artículo estudia algunas «biografías» recogidas por al-Ṣūlī y Abū 1-Faraŷ al-Iṣbahānī, y muestra que la progresión temporal puede existir en las presentaciones «biográficas», sola o junto con otras formas de organizar el material. En él se analiza también el lugar que las muertes de los personajes ocupan en el relato de sus vidas, y cómo se integran en el resto del material. En conclusión, propongo que si la progresión temporal está ausente en las presentaciones «biográficas», ello se debe a la manera característica que la literatura árabe medieval tiene de enfocar los relatos de vida, que posee su propia lógica, aunque difiera

  6. A Short Biography of Paul A. M. Dirac and Historical Development of Dirac Delta Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with a short biography of Paul Dirac, his first celebrated work on quantum mechanics, his first formal systematic use of the Dirac delta function and his famous work on quantum electrodynamics and quantum statistics. Included are his first discovery of the Dirac relativistic wave equation, existence of positron and the intrinsic…

  7. Mexican and Mexican-American Literature for the Senior High School. Short Story, Novel, Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Jose Unified School District, CA.

    Lesson plans for Mexican and Mexican American short stories, novels, and biographies are contained in this curriculum guides designed to supplement traditional literature programs at the senior high school level. Four short stories are reproduced in full, with related lesson plans providing background information, vocabulary terms, reference…

  8. The Interplay between Teachers' Biography and Work Context: Effects on Teacher Socialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skerrett, Allison

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I use the process of self-reflection to examine how my biography influenced my teaching experiences in a particular school context. Drawing on these experiences and the work of scholars in this area, I contend that such self-knowledge is critical for teachers' successful socialization and retention in diverse schooling…

  9. The Gendering of Albert Einstein and Marie Curie in Children's Biographies: Some Tensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Rachel E.; Jarrard, Amber R.; Tippins, Deborah J.

    2009-01-01

    Few twentieth century scientists have generated as much interest as Albert Einstein and Marie Currie. Their lives are centrally depicted in numerous children's biographies of famous scientists. Yet their stories reflect interesting paradoxes and tacit sets of unexplored sociocultural assumptions about gender in science education and the larger…

  10. Spaces, Trajectories, Maps: Towards a World-Systems Biography of Immanuel Wallerstein

    OpenAIRE

    Georgi Derluguian

    2015-01-01

    World-systems analysis, although itself a macrohistorical perspective, eminently allows for writing individual biographies because these are structurally conditioned and historically contingent trajectories developing in specific time and space. The biographical genre seems particularly useful in intellectual popularization and in exploring how macro-level concepts behave in observed empirical situations. This article offers and demonstrates specific recommendations and methodological warning...

  11. Meeting Held for the Publication of Biography of Han Xu——Experience of a Diplomat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>A meeting for the publication of the Book Biography of Han Xu--Experience of a Diplomat was held in the auditorium of the CPAFFC on September 20. Chen Haosu, president of the CPAFFC, and Wang Chengjia, president of the World Affairs Press, co-chaired the meeting. About

  12. "Working Lives": The Use of Auto/Biography in the Development of a Sociological Imagination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David

    2015-01-01

    This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…

  13. GENDER AND THE PERSONAL IN POLITICAL BIOGRAPHY Observations from a Dutch Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Mineke

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the differential meanings of "personal life" in political biographies of men and women, mainly based upon Dutch examples, but making use of international literature. Though there has been a tendency to use personal detail only as a means to advertise and popularize old-fashione

  14. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Sports Series, Volume 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This volume provides biographies on sports figures. Each entry offers at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences, hobbies, and honors and awards. Each entry ends with a list of…

  15. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Sports Series, Volume 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This volume provides biographies on sports figures. Each entry offers at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences, hobbies, and honors and awards. Each entry ends with a list of…

  16. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the fourth volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  17. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the third volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  18. Lucretia Mott: Friend of Justice. With a Message from Rosalynn Carter. Picture-book Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawyer, Kem Knapp

    An illustrated biography for children features Lucretia Mott, one of the pioneers of the movement for womens' rights. Born in 1793, Lucretia Mott was raised a Quaker; her strong spiritual beliefs underlay her outspoken advocacy of equal rights for women and blacks, and against war. Lucretia became a leader among those who wished to abolish…

  19. A Method for Understanding Their Method: Discovering Scientific Inquiry through Biographies of Famous Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairweather, Elizabeth; Fairweather, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Mendel and his peas. Goodall and her chimpanzees. Bentley and his snowflakes. Pasteur and his sheep. Not only do these stories intrigue students, but they also demonstrate the trials and tribulations associated with scientific inquiry. Using scientists' biographies piques student interest while providing an added dimension to their understanding…

  20. Going to School with Madame Curie and Mr. Einstein: Gender Roles in Children's Science Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Trevor

    2009-01-01

    One of the first places children encounter science and scientists is children's literature. Children's books about science and scientists have, however, received limited scholarly attention. By exploring the history of children's biographies of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein, the two most written about scientist in children's literature, this…

  1. Biography in the Study of Public Administration: Towards a Portrait of a Whitehall Mandarin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribbins, Peter; Sherratt, Brian

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on part of an on-going interview-based study of the eight permanent secretaries who served at the Department for Education from 1976 to 2012. Following a discussion of the relevance of biography to the study of public sector administrators, it presents a portrait of Sir Tim Lankester. Based on his own account and that of…

  2. Biography-Driven Strategies as the Great Equalizer: Universal Conditions that Promote K-12 Culturally Responsive Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanning, Cristina A.

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The growing number of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD students entering our public school system demands a new pedagogical framework for teaching and learning. With its emphasis on all four dimensions of the CLD student biography (sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, academic, biography-driven culturally responsive teaching (Herrera, 2010 addresses the limited attention currently devoted to second language learning issues in the literature and research related to culturally responsive pedagogy. This study investigates the use of biography-driven instructional (BDI strategies by 58 general education teachers at the elementary and secondary levels with CLD students in their classrooms using the Biography-Driven Performance Rubric, which measures enactment of teaching standards and educational best practices. Findings indicate that the use of BDI strategies can facilitate the practical actualization of culturallyresponsive teaching. Findings also suggest that implementation of BDI strategies can help teachers overcome challenges that are unique to secondary settings as they accommodate the assets and needs of CLD learners.

  3. Screening Jane. When History, Biography and Fiction create a Cinematic Life.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Grandi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the interesting technique of adaptation of the film Becoming Jane, a biopic on the life of Jane Austen, released in 2007. Loosely based on Jon Spence's biography Becoming Jane Austen, the film faces the problem of the scarcity of information on Jane Austen's life through a technique that, if not original nor always satisfying, is nevertheless worth being studied. By recurring to the character descriptions and the anecdotes narrated in the novels, the film (and Spence's book too "fills in the blanks" in Austen's life by adding touches of romance with questionable historical accuracy and fictionalizes the writer's biography in order to adapt it to the stereotype of modern romantic film heroines.

  4. The scientometric biography of a leading scientist working on the field of bio-energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konur, Ozcan [Sirnak University Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Turkey)], email: okonur@hotmail.com

    2011-07-01

    This paper presents a scientometric biography of a Turkish scientist, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Demirbas, who is a leading figure in the field of bio-energy. It describes the method and importance of doing such biographies and suggests that there are too few of them, this one being the first in this specific area. It provides insight into the individual, his work, his research and links in his field of studies and research. Prof. Dr. Demirbas has spent almost three decades in research, particularly in the field of bio-energy. He has researched and taught in the field of renewable energies including biodiesels, biofuels, biomass pyrolysis, liquefaction and gasification, biogas, bioalcohols, and biohydrogen. He has also studied a great variety of subjects, such as the development of pulp from plants, chemical and engineering thermodynamics, chemical and energy education, global climate change, drinking water and cereal analyses. He has published 454 articles as of 2011.

  5. 医家传记研究的若干思考%Thoughts on physician's biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建平

    2011-01-01

    医家传记是以医学人物为主线的医学史书,是医学史的重要内容,具有不可替代的作用,以及重要的人文和史鉴价值.指出医家传记的史学属性和一般分类.提出在对传统医家传记的回顾和剖析的基础上,继承优良传统,不断创新,内史与外史相结合,将医家回归到历史情景之中,借鉴人类学方法,写出有时代特色的医家传记——具有新视角、新方法、资料新、体例有继承有发展、观点新、结论新、成果形式多样等特点.%Biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner are historical books describing the life of medical people. As a crucial part of medical history, it is of great value for both humanity and historical references. This paper elucidates the historical property and makes classification of the biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner. It advocates the point of inheriting fine tradition and making innovations based on the review and analysis of traditional biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner. Innovative biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner, those characterized by new perspective, methodology, sources, style, viewpoints, findings and varied achievements, are made by integrative study of both formal and informal history, a careful consideration of the historical setting, and adoption of the methodology of anthropology.

  6. Book review: The great rivalry: Gladstone and Disraeli: a dual biography

    OpenAIRE

    Berry, Richard

    2013-01-01

    "The Great Rivalry: Gladstone and Disraeli: A Dual Biography." Dick Leonard. IB Tauris. June 2013. --- Benjamin Disraeli and William Ewart Gladstone are without doubt the two most iconic figures of Victorian politics, whose distinctly different personalities and policies led to 28 years of bitter political rivalry. In The Great Rivalry, Dick Leonard aims to provide the full story of their rivalry and its origins, comparing the upbringing, education and personalities of the two leaders, as wel...

  7. Tell me a story: MMPI responses and personal biography in the case of a serial killer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, David S

    2006-06-01

    The interpretation of MMPI (Hathaway & McKinley, 1943) profiles has emphasized a language of pathological attribution that often serves the interests of clinical description and actuarial prediction better than those of individual case formulation and an understanding of the adaptive forces involved in the production of symptomatic behavior. In this article, I illustrate a contrasting approach, one that emphasizes MMPI items and scales as instruments of personal biography, with the case of the serial murderer Jeffrey Dahmer.

  8. Dr. William Gates, Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, Biography

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Biography of Dr. William Gates, Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Dr. William (Bill) Gates, Associate Professor and Associate Dean of Research, was appointed the Dean of the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy (GSBPP) effective February 1, 2009. A graduate of Yale University (Ph.D.) and UC San Diego, Dr. Gates has been a professor of economics in GSBPP since 1988. Prior to joining NPS he was an economist at the Jet...

  9. [Urology and National Socialism. Paul Rosenstein 1875-1964, the disrupted biography of a Jewish urologist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, F H; Krischel, M; Rathert, P; Fangerau, H

    2011-09-01

    The biography of Paul Rosenstein (1875-1964) serves as an example of the fate of a Jewish scientist at the beginning of the twentieth century in an area of conflict between the development of urology as a specialty at greater urban hospitals, professional achievements as a surgeon and scientist, drastic breaks during Nazi era and escape from Nazi terror via New York to Brazil.

  10. Pantheon 1.0, a manually verified dataset of globally famous biographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Amy Zhao; Ronen, Shahar; Hu, Kevin; Lu, Tiffany; Hidalgo, César A

    2016-01-01

    We present the Pantheon 1.0 dataset: a manually verified dataset of individuals that have transcended linguistic, temporal, and geographic boundaries. The Pantheon 1.0 dataset includes the 11,341 biographies present in more than 25 languages in Wikipedia and is enriched with: (i) manually verified demographic information (place and date of birth, gender) (ii) a taxonomy of occupations classifying each biography at three levels of aggregation and (iii) two measures of global popularity including the number of languages in which a biography is present in Wikipedia (L), and the Historical Popularity Index (HPI) a metric that combines information on L, time since birth, and page-views (2008-2013). We compare the Pantheon 1.0 dataset to data from the 2003 book, Human Accomplishments, and also to external measures of accomplishment in individual games and sports: Tennis, Swimming, Car Racing, and Chess. In all of these cases we find that measures of popularity (L and HPI) correlate highly with individual accomplishment, suggesting that measures of global popularity proxy the historical impact of individuals. PMID:26731133

  11. Fishy Hearing: A Short Biography of Arthur N. Popper, PhD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, Allison B

    2016-01-01

    Biologist Dr. Arthur Popper's career spans decades, from his early work on comparative inner ear morphology in fishes to his recent interest in how underwater noise impacts aquatic vertebrates. Along the way Dr. Popper's research subjects span at least 19 vertebrate taxa, from lamprey to lungfish to humans, and he's had a profound influence in the field of fish bioacoustics. This brief biography describes some of Dr. Popper's many contributions to fish hearing research and highlights both some of his major discoveries and some of the biological mysteries he has yet to solve.

  12. Spaces, Trajectories, Maps: Towards a World-Systems Biography of Immanuel Wallerstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgi Derluguian

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available World-systems analysis, although itself a macrohistorical perspective, eminently allows for writing individual biographies because these are structurally conditioned and historically contingent trajectories developing in specific time and space. The biographical genre seems particularly useful in intellectual popularization and in exploring how macro-level concepts behave in observed empirical situations. This article offers and demonstrates specific recommendations and methodological warnings in application to the personal trajectory of Immanuel Wallerstein, the founder of world-systems analysis as an intellectual movement.

  13. The biography genre: a proposal of work from the rewriting process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Sodré Esper

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to show a proposal of work with the biography genre together with text revision. It is based on studies related to the teaching-learning process of text production and on the theory of discourse genres (BAKHTIN, 1997. This work made use of 19 compositions by students of the 4th grade of Elementary School (ES from a private school of Maringá, Paraná State, and counted with the conduction of a survey on the main problems shown; from the results, a series of activities aiming at the learning of the genre referred was proposed.

  14. A Biography of Henri Poincar\\'e - 2012 Centenary of the Death of Poincar\\'e

    CERN Document Server

    Weinstein, Galina

    2012-01-01

    On January 4, 2012, the centenary of Henri Poincar\\'e's death, a colloquium was held in Nancy, France the subject of which was "Vers une biographie d'Henri Poincar\\'e". Scholars discussed several approaches for writing a biography of Poincar\\'e. In this paper I present a personal and scientific biographical sketch of Poincar\\'e, which does not in any way reflect Poincar\\'e's rich personality and immense activity in science: When Poincar\\'e traveled to parts of Europe, Africa and America, his companions noticed that he knew well everything from statistics to history and curious customs and habits of peoples. He was almost teaching everything in science. He was so encyclopedic that he dealt with the outstanding questions in the different branches of physics and mathematics; he had altered whole fields of science such as non-Euclidean geometry, Arithmetic, celestial mechanics, thermodynamics and kinetic theory, optics, electrodynamics, Maxwell's theory, and other topics from the forefront of Fin de Si\\`ecle phys...

  15. Travel as a Ritual toward Transformative Consciousness: Juxtaposing Che Guevara's Biography and Teacher Candidates' Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lea, YiShan

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the development of critical consciousness by examining the biographical-narratives in relationship to the experiential accounts on travel. Biographical narratives are important cultural texts filled with history and cultural nuances. The biography of Ernesto Che Guevara has resonated with readers and viewers from around the…

  16. Using a Process of Collective Biography Writing in Higher Education to Develop an Ability to Explore, Reveal and Critically Reflect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wihlborg, Monne

    2013-01-01

    Teaching and learning are frequently treated as processes that are separate from each other, while teachers and learners are considered as disembodied entities with a neutral position towards the content which is negotiated. In collective biography writing (CBW), a very different approach is taken. Writing, reading and learning are seen as an…

  17. Posture et biographie : Semmelweis de L.-F. Céline

    OpenAIRE

    Jérôme Meizoz

    2008-01-01

    Il [Céline] ajoutait que si je voulais faire sa biographie, je n'aurais qu'à me servir de mon imagination, causer avec ses amis, dessiner mon propre portrait en le donnant pour sien, me réserver toutes les questions intelligentes et lui laisser toutes les réponses stupides. Hindus (Milton), L.-F. Céline tel que je l'ai vu, Paris, L'Herne, 1969, p. 44. Qui accède au statut d’« auteur » propose de lui-même une image publique qui s’affranchit en partie de ses coordonnées civiles, comme l’illustr...

  18. A life of Erwin Schroedinger. 2. ed.; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Walter J.

    2015-07-01

    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientist of the 20th century at all and a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest for men and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he obtained the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedingers cat''. Walter Moore's biography is quite near to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his friendships, his interset for mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  19. Kulchitsky's Casus: Materials To The Biography Of Professor N.K. Kulchitsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    В.В. Голубинов

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available In 2009 in two foreign medical editions the detailed biography of professor N.K.Kulchitsky (1856 — 1925 has been first published. N.K.Kulchitsky, the world famous Russian scientist, histologist, professor, Senator and the last Minister of education of Imperial Russia, in 1912-1914 was the director of Kazan educational district to which Saratov University also belonged at that time. V.V. Golubinov — one of the publications authors, the great-grandson of N.K.Kulchitsky, graduate of Saratov University n.a. N.G.Chernyshevsky, psychologist and designer-schedule is the author of the emblem of Saratov Medical University which decorates our journal's cover narrates about his great-grandfather

  20. An Account of ... William Cullen: John Thomson and the Making of a Medical Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuttleton, David E

    2014-01-01

    John Thomson's An Account of the Life, Lectures and Writings of William Cullen (1832; 1859) remains a primary source for the career of the most influential academic physician in eighteenth-century Scotland and is also a significant work of medical history. But this multi-authored text, begun around 1810 by the academic surgeon, John Thomson, but only completed in 1859 by Dr David Craigie, has its own complex history. This chapter addresses what this history can reveal about the development of medical biography as a literary genre. It argues that the Account is a hybrid work shaped by a complex array of practical, domestic, intellectual, and professional pressures, as Thomson, in seeking to bolster his own career, was caught between the demands of Cullen's children for a traditional "Life" and his own more theoretical and socio-cultural interests.

  1. Quest for professionalism: a biography of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal (1826-31).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shultz, S M

    2011-08-01

    This is the biography of a deceased medical journal, the North American Medical and Surgical Journal, born in 1826 in Philadelphia. It was a publication of the Philadelphia Chapter of the Kappa Lambda Society. In the prospectus of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal the promoters observed that a well-conducted journal would achieve the object of elevating the medical profession to its legitimate rank which up to that time had been the recipient of low public opinion. The Journal hoped to inculcate 'a higher standard of excellence not merely in the professional or ministrative but also in the ethical relations and duties of physicians'. After several successful and productive years it passed into history in October 1831, the victim of financial difficulty. PMID:21810854

  2. [Short biography of an actor of the institutionalisation of orthopaedics (1830-1850)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quin, Grégory

    2009-01-01

    Parts of the socioscientific career of Jules Guérin, an orthopaedic surgeon, are presented in this article. The aim is to deepen the comprehension of intricate processes like specialisation and professionalisation of medicine and development of medical gymnastics. From this point of view Guérin's biography is very informative. The intention is to highlight the institutionalisation process of orthopaedics during two decades: the 1830s and 1840s. For the analysis the author tries to associate historical elements taken from the medical field and the socioeconomic context, however, without digressing too far from Guérin himself. First, Guérin's part in the institutionalisation process will be studied, second, his influence as a surgeon and theorist of spinal deformities and then his role as a controversial figure in the medical field.

  3. éphémérides ou biographie sommaire de Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madeleine Alcover

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Biographie15519 avril : mariage, à Paris, des grands-parents paternels de l’écrivain, Savinien I de Cyrano et Anne Le Maire : celle-ci est la petite-fille d’Étienne Cardon, marchand parisien. À ce jour, l’origine du grand-père paternel n’est pas résolue (sarde ? descendant d’un marchand bourrelier de Sens ?.1555Le couple signe une donation entre vifs qui, en cas de décès, fait du survivant son légataire universel. Quatre enfants leur survivront : Abel, Samuel, Pierre et Anne.1555-1560Savinie...

  4. Italiesin comme "expérience": une biographie intellectuelle de Christian Norberg-Schulz, de 1945 à 1963

    OpenAIRE

    Gjoesteen, Pauline

    2014-01-01

    The norwegian architect Christian Norberg-Schulz was among the first to publish an architectural theory after 1945: "Intentions in architecture" (1963). This dissertation proposes an intellectual biography in order to determine the aims and sources of the book, especially regarding the description of architectural space. This dissertation seeks to counter actual readings of the book by arguing for a definition of architectural research as a retroactive process between theory, history, critici...

  5. An irresponsible biography of the actor Laurence Harvey: motion pictures, white wine, older women & long thin cigarettes

    OpenAIRE

    Brannon, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Tiré du site Internet de Onestar Press: "Pocket edition of Laurence Harvey's "irresponsible" biography by Matthew Brannon. From the back cover of the book : Call yourself an actor ? You're not even a bad actor. You can't act at all, you fucking stupid hopeless sniveling little cunt-faced cunty fucking shit-faced arse-hole ... LAURENCE OLIVIER to Laurence Havery from Robert Stephen's "Knight errant : memoirs of a vagabond actor", Hodder and Stoughton, 1995.".

  6. [Historical origin of Jiu Tangshu·biography of Sun Simiao].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhen-Min

    2012-09-01

    The book Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao was compiled by Liu Su according to the original national historical papers of the Tang Dynasty which basically kept the features of national history. Based on this book and Binglishufu Xu (written by Lu Zhaolin) and Tanbinlu·Sun Simiao, Zhang Du sorted out the data about Sun Simiao and compiled the book Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao (in which the three stories of his lifetime were made up). Jiu Tangshi·Sun Simiao was edited by historiographers in the Hou-Jin Dynasty according to the biography of Sun Simiao in Tang national history, and referring to the Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao, Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao, in which they only made a few adjustments on the basis of Xuanshizhi. Du Guangting compiled Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao and added three stories of gods and spirits about Sun Simiao after he became immortal. Taipingguangji of the North Song Dynasty was compiled according to Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao.

  7. [Historical origin of Jiu Tangshu·biography of Sun Simiao].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhen-Min

    2012-09-01

    The book Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao was compiled by Liu Su according to the original national historical papers of the Tang Dynasty which basically kept the features of national history. Based on this book and Binglishufu Xu (written by Lu Zhaolin) and Tanbinlu·Sun Simiao, Zhang Du sorted out the data about Sun Simiao and compiled the book Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao (in which the three stories of his lifetime were made up). Jiu Tangshi·Sun Simiao was edited by historiographers in the Hou-Jin Dynasty according to the biography of Sun Simiao in Tang national history, and referring to the Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao, Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao, in which they only made a few adjustments on the basis of Xuanshizhi. Du Guangting compiled Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao and added three stories of gods and spirits about Sun Simiao after he became immortal. Taipingguangji of the North Song Dynasty was compiled according to Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao. PMID:23336307

  8. Balancing Biography and Institutional History: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Cushing

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available When a young naturalist opened his new wildlife park at Wyoming on the NSW Central Coast in the late 1950s, he gave it his own name: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park. Through the park, Worrell made a significant contribution to environmental education, the development of knowledge of captive animal care and display and the provision of antivenoms for the bites of a range of dangerous creatures. More than this, it was the geographic and emotional centre of Worrell’s world: the fulfilment of a childhood dream, a home for his family and a site for forming new personal and professional relationships. In preparation for the jubilee of the park, its history is being written by two academics from the University of Newcastle. An attractive means of creating the necessary narrative structure and human interest to ensure the wide appeal of this history is to follow Worrell’s lead and place his life at the centre of this institutional history. This is the direction suggested by the written sources on the park and it is accentuated by many of our oral informants who organise their memories of the park around Worrell. To what extent can an institutional history be a biography of the person at the heart of that institution? Is it possible to disentangle the life from the institution? This article offers some preliminary answers to these questions through a case study of the writing of a history of Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park.

  9. The theorist Guillermus de Podio: foundations for the construction of a biography.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villanueva Serrano, Francesc

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Two works of music theory from the endings of the 15th Century with the name of author Guillermus de Podio are preserved: the printed Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach and Hutz, 1495 and the manuscript Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Despite the great influence that this musician exerted on Spanish theorists of the 16th Century, there are only few commonly accepted data about his biography. This article pretends to offer solid foundations to build his biography. In first place, verified from speculated data in the historiography of the musician will be distinguished. Finally, new documents will clarify his identity and will reveal his work as master of chant in the catedral of Valencia.Bajo el nombre de autor de Guillermus de Podio se conservan dos obras de teoría musical de finales del siglo XV: la impresa Ars musicorum (Valencia, Hagenbach y Hutz, 1495 y el manuscrito Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. A pesar de la gran influencia que este músico ejerció sobre los teóricos españoles del siglo XVI, son mínimos los datos biográficos generalmente aceptados por la comunidad investigadora. El presente artículo pretende ofrecer unos cimientos sólidos sobre los cuales poder construir su biografía. Con esta finalidad, se distinguen primeramente los datos contrastados de los que forman parte de la especulación en la historiografía del músico. Finalmente se aportan nuevos documentos que resuelven las dudas sobre su identidad y desvelan su magisterio en la catedral de Valencia. [ct] Sota el nom d’autor de Guillermus de Podio es conserven dues obres de teoria musical de finals del segle XV: l’impresa Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach i Hutz, 1495 i el manuscrit Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Malgrat la gran influència que aquest músic va exercir sobre els teòrics espanyols del segle XVI

  10. The Uncertainty Reducing Capabilities of Primary Care Physicians' Video Biographies for Choosing a New Doctor: Is a Video Worth More Than Two Hundred Words?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrault, Evan K; Silk, Kami J

    2016-12-01

    Choosing a primary care physician for the first time is an important decision, one that health care systems do not make particularly easy for prospective patients to make solely through the limited information provided on their websites. Without knowledge from others, a new patient is likely to have uncertainty about the physician he or she chooses. Three hundred and twenty participants completed an online experiment and were exposed to two biographies of different doctors with different media and either professional or personal information. Predictions generated by media richness theory revealed greater reductions in uncertainty for video biographies than traditional text biographies. Video biographies, and those containing personal information about the physician, were also related to higher levels of anticipated patient satisfaction and care quality. When asked to choose the physicians they would want to visit, participants overwhelmingly chose the physician with whom they perceived the greatest similarity to themselves, as well as the doctor who provided a video biography. Both theoretical and practical implications of this research are discussed. PMID:27054561

  11. Academic Biography in the Context of the Anti-Formalist Campaign of the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena N. Penskaya

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused around two biographical themes. Theme one is history of demolishing Leningrad school of dramatic theory developed in the State Institute of History of Art (GIII in the 1920s. In 1931, the GIII was closed by a Sovnarkom resolution and transformed into Len- ingrad division of the State Academy of Art Studies (LOGAIS established by the same resolu- tion. Theme two is description of the ‘academic traumatism’, traumatic behavior and its bio- graphical effects caused by destruction of a whole scientific trend during the anti-formalism campaign of the early 1930s. Based on archival documents (from the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art, shorthand notes and reports on discussions of the 1930s, we analyze behav- ioral tactics of initiators, participants and victims of the longstanding stigmatization and catalog absolutory, denunciative and repentant narratives. In particular, this paper analyzes the un- published letter to the editors of Rabochiy i Teatr journal written by Alexander Slonimsky, one of the key players in development and obliteration of dramatic theory associated primarily with Alexei Gvozdev’s group and with transformation and dissolution of the leading humanities in- stitutes. The text of the letter appears to be engrained in the complicated mosaic of measures aimed to discredit Meyerhold’s theater practice and Gvozdev as the leader of the scientific school. Deliberate misinterpretation and corruption of self-descriptions along with reconstruc- tion of biographies are some of the most crucial factors that affected reception of cultural pro- jects and their creators in the 1930s and later.

  12. A Biography of Distinguished Scientist Gilbert Newton Lewis (by Edward S. Lewis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Reviewed By Harold H.

    1999-11-01

    until 1904, when he accepted a position that would not be considered a shrewd career move: Superintendent of Weights and Measures in Manila, Philippines! He was there only one year, but it was apparently a productive time, both in a minimally equipped laboratory and with the possible nascence of some of his ideas about bonding. In 1905, Lewis accepted a staff position at MIT, under A. A. Noyes, where he remained until 1912. At MIT, he continued his experimental work on thermodynamic systems and the development of modern thermodynamics, following the lead of J. W. Gibbs, whose work was being largely ignored by other chemists. As Noyes moved increasingly into administrative responsibilities, Lewis took over more and more of the supervision of scientific work in the laboratory. It was the capable job that he did for Noyes that led to his being offered a Professorship and Chair of the College of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. The same spirit of adventure that took Lewis to Manila may be what led to his moving to scientifically backward California. In 1912, there was no serious science going on the Left Coast, and Berkeley was isolated from the nearest civilization (Chicago) by days of travel. Lewis initiated the expansion of great science westward, not only to Berkeley, but also to Caltech (in those days Throop Institute), UCLA, and Stanford. By dint of his contributions to thermodynamics and bonding theory (suggesting that electrons bond in pairs, long before there was quantum mechanical justification for such a strange idea), and his organizational and leadership talents, he turned the Berkeley Chemistry Department from a nonentity into one of the finest anywhere. Later in his career, he contributed to the understanding of the role of isotopes in chemistry and physics. This biography includes a useful listing of Lewis's 168 scientific publications. In an age when many renowned scientists have multiples of this number, it is perhaps good to be

  13. The Rapport Between Religious and Secular Academics in Russia: Two Episodes from the Biography of F. I. Uspenskiy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Ermilov

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The conflict between secular and religious academics is not the result of the many decades of enforced atheism but dates from a much earlier time. Two examples drawn from the academic biography of the noted Russian Byzantine studies expert may serve as an illustration of the difficult relations between representatives of the theological academies and of secular academics. The disputes regarded some points of scientific methodology. The author highlights the very seriously observed principle ofa competency guided approach to scientific studies. This was stressed to the point of this becoming an absolute principle. It continues even today to exert a negative resonance in the Russian academic world

  14. Towards a total biography? Buty Ikara by Marin Buchowski in the light of Stachura’s writing project – a critical sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borys Szumański

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This critical sketch is dedicated to a new biography of Edward Stachura by Marian Buchowski. A writer like Stachura, whose work is very closely intertwined with his life (at least in his declarations is a challenging protagonist for a biography. In this article, attempts are made at following the way in which Buchowski tries to bring out another human being in the text. His ideas are juxtaposed and confronted with Stachura’s own life-and-art ideas, as to him looking for various methods of recording existence was among the crucial goals of writing. As a result, the thesis is put forward that some sort of a writer’s “totality” is a feature linking Stachura and Buchowski. In this context, the biography written by Buchowski is not only of importance to research into Stachura’s writing but also a significant countersignature of his work.

  15. Armorican arrowhead biographies: Production and function of an Early Bronze Age prestige good from Brittany (France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clément Nicolas

    2014-09-01

    , etc.. According to these obvious facts, they symbolize the power of the elites. The genesis of Armorican arrowheads are in all likelihood explained by a climate of increasing social competition, which express itself in Brittany by an individualization of burial rites, a development of metalworking and a reorganization of territories.In this article, we will stress on raw materials selection, technology and know-how, as well as use-wear analyses. All these approaches will help us to trace the biographies of the Armorican arrowheads.

  16. The biography of scientists as a means of communicating science: analogies concerning a hermeneutic or empirical problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Francisca Carneiro

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Sometimes scientists live real dramas or undergo social and psychological conflicts which have a positive or negative influence on the development and recognition of their research, discoveries and inventions in society, including the way they are recorded in history. This being so, the question is: to what extent can science be communicated to the public at large by the use of scientists' biographies as a motivational strategy? The controversy arises from the fact that usual (classical science has traditionally argued for the separation (or de-linking of the research (the object from the researcher (the subject.Thus, if the above-mentioned motivational strategy is used in scientific communication, it could break a dominant methodological trend and consequently lead to a questioning of the myth of axiological neutrality in science. The communication of science by means of scientists' biographies could be useful for reaching a specific public, more directed towards emotional aspects, thereby awakening its interest in science, even amid cultural differences and in environments where interest in science and its utility is lacking. It could also reveal human aspects of the everyday life of scientists, bringing them closer to the public at large, which would contribute to the dissemination of science and knowledge.

  17. Lytton Strachey : l’historien intime de deux reines Lytton Strachey’s Intimate Biographies of Two Queens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannine Hayat

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The British writer Lytton Strachey (1880-1932 wrote biographies of the two most eminent Queens of England: Queen Victoria (1921 and Elizabeth and Essex (1928. The two books made him a very famous historian. However, he would personally have preferred to be admired for his poetry or his plays, for he was a very gifted literary author. Nevertheless many of Strachey’s readers have appreciated his conception of biography, as a means of personal confession while studying the destiny of a public figure. Indeed the Stracheyan way of life, free from Victorian moral standards and guided by the rules of the Bloomsbury group, inspired his story of Victoria and Elizabeth. Both Queens at the end of their lives and at the height of their power carried on strange love affairs: Victoria with her Scottish gillie and Elizabeth with the Earl of Essex, thirty years her younger. In fact, both romances subtly reflect Strachey’s own love affairs. He was himself engaged in a kind of common life with Dora Carrington— the painter, thirteen years younger than him, with whom he was not sexually involved— while he engaged in numerous homosexual love affairs.

  18. "Nostalgia for What Cannot Be": An Interpretive and Social Biography of Stuart Hall's Early Years in Jamaica and England, 1932-1959

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Annette

    2015-01-01

    Much has been written about Stuart Hall's intellectual and theoretical contributions especially after the mid-1960s. This interpretive and social biography places Stuart Hall's life from 1932 to 1959 in a socio-historical context, beginning with his childhood in Jamaica and his early years in England. I draw on Hall's own biographical reflections…

  19. A Textual Research on the Fictional Works in the Biographies of Hermits%《高士传》编创之小说考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马振方

    2012-01-01

    今存皇甫谧《高士传》为上古至曹魏九十六人作传,应为史书。由于材料杂取子史,以至于《庄》、《列》寓意之作,常将杜撰的人物、事迹视为真人实事,为之立传,混迹其中。这些人事原为某种寓意的例证,不很完整,更不充分独立,多为原书的小说成分,被编人本传,添头加尾,添枝加叶,或以多篇文字缀合,成为各自独立、自成起讫的虚拟人物传略,遂成早期小说作品。%The extant Biographies of Hermits (《高士传》) by Huangfu Mi, which contains biographies of 96 people from the antiquity to the Wei Period, should be considered as a history book. As its source materials came from works by various masters of philosophy, from historical texts, and also from such allegorical works as Zhuangzi(《庄子》) and Liezi(《列子》), the author took the fabricated people and stories as real ones, created biographies for them, and mixed them in this book. These stories were originally allegorical, fictional, but neither complete nor independent. Yet they were included in biographies with additions to their beginning or end, or with the combination of several stories, thus becoming independent, complete biographies of fictional people, and consequently turning into early fictional works.

  20. Heide von Felden: Bildung und Geschlecht zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Zur Verknüpfung von Bildungs-, Biographie- und Genderforschung. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2003 (Band 21 der Reihe: Studien zu Erziehungswissenschaft und Bildungsforschung) [Rezension

    OpenAIRE

    Bönold, Fritjof

    2005-01-01

    Rezension zu: Heide von Felden: Bildung und Geschlecht zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Zur Verknüpfung von Bildungs-, Biographie- und Genderforschung. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2003 (Band 21 der Reihe: Studien zu Erziehungswissenschaft und Bildungsforschung)

  1. [Occupational choice and biography - biographical diagnostics as an approach to accessing the individual's perceptual horizons and resources in the context of vocational rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dern, W; Hanses, A

    2001-10-01

    This contribution is focused on the core tenet that the process of choice of occupation must encompass in its everyday routines the disabled person's biography, his or her life experiences, biographical self-appraisals as well as action orientations. Unless this is achieved, its professional strategies and interventions will remain prone to missing, or even counteracting, the biographical resources as well as thinking and perceptions of its clients. Biographical Diagnostics is presented here as a method seeking to access the individual in the process of choice of occupation in an understanding manner. It constitutes a new concept in terms of a biography-based, hermeneutic case approach conceived for implementation in the everyday routines of vocational rehabilitation. Two case examples serve to explicate the method of Biographical Diagnostics and set out the relevancy of a biographical orientation in the process of occupational choice. PMID:11579376

  2. Eddé Anne-Marie, Saladin, Éditions Flammarion, « Les Grandes Biographies », Paris, 2008, 761 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbès Zouache

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available À elle seule, la parution du Saladin d’Anne-Marie Eddé constitue un événement : elle marque la réconciliation des médiévistes orientalistes français avec le genre dit de la biographie historique – jusque-là, seule la figure du Prophète Muḥammad avait fait l’objet de biographies tout aussi savantes qu’accessibles à un large lectorat. En outre, cette parution participe du renouvellement de ce genre, dont l’université française s’est emparée depuis quelques années sans rien en céder à ses tradit...

  3. 论人物传记与“传记体小说”的区别%On the Distinctions between Biographies and Biographical Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟晖; 贺桂花

    2015-01-01

    Since the beginning of the new era , biography writing is flourishing in China and the life stories of some celebrities are spreading .At the same time , some problems emerge in biography writing and some biographical novels are regarded as biographies .Though being similar in form , they are essentially different in that biographies must be authentic while biographical novels can be imaginative or imaginary .We should avoid deconstructing the biographical writings from the postmodernism point of view and keep its unique stylistic characteristics and position .%进入新时期,我国文坛传记创作呈现持续升温的现象。在一定程度上,一些文化名人的生平事迹得以传播。但传记创作也出现一些误区。一些以传记形式出现的小说,也被看成是人物传记。两者虽然形式上相似,其实有着本质的不同,传记讲究真实性,而传记体小说可大量采用想象、虚构等文学手法,混淆两者容易以讹传讹,使得一些史料真假莫辨。同时还要警惕后现代主义对传记写作的解构,使传记保有其独特的文体特征和地位。

  4. Handeln von Ärztinnen und Ärzten im biographischen Kontext : zur Verknüpfung von Biographie- und Interaktionsanalyse

    OpenAIRE

    Witte, Nicole

    2006-01-01

    "Die zentrale Fragestellung des Vortrages ist die nach der biographischen Entwicklung gegenwärtigen Interaktionen der MedizinerInnen mit ihren PatientInnen. Hierbei muss betont werden, dass es nicht darum geht, lineare Kausalzusammenhänge anzunehmen, sprich von Ursache- und Wirkungsbeziehungen auszugehen, sondern darum, die wechselseitige Wirkungsbeziehung der beiden Ebenen zu rekonstruieren. Ziel ist es also, die Entwicklungsebenen Biographie und Ablauf einer einzelnen Begegnung in ihrer Int...

  5. Human and animal health on three continents--a biography of the early life of Karl Friedrich Meyer (1884-1974).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pospischil, Andreas

    2015-08-01

    Karl Friedrich Meyer (KF) was born and educated as a veterinarian in Europe; he researched infectious diseases in Europe, South Africa and the United States. He is one of the true forefathers of the 'one health-one medicine' concept. The broad scope of his research covered botulism, leptospirosis, brucellosis, plague, ornithosis, Western equine encephalitis, mussel poisoning and clostridia. This manuscript adds some more details of his early biography.

  6. “A relic of an age still capable of a Romantic outlook”: Musical biography and The Master Musicians Series, 1899-1906

    OpenAIRE

    Wiley, C.

    2003-01-01

    Musical biography proliferated in England in the hagiographical climate of the later nineteenth century, partly as an outcome of the rise of the aesthetic of the idolised Great Composer and the corresponding emergence of musical canons (whose constituency was, however, by no means certain at this time). This article presents a theoretically-enriched demonstration of the paradigms through which its late Victorian authors attempted to canonise their subjects, focussing on three interrelated the...

  7. On Ouyang Xiu's biography literature theory%论欧阳修的传记文学理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐裕敏

    2012-01-01

    欧阳修是宋代杰出的传记文学作家,他的传记文学理论在坚持史学原则的基础上,从文学的角度探讨了传记的写作,包含了传记写作的态度、目的、方法、语言等问题,使传记文学理论的研究在史学和文学的两极中得到平衡,为后代传记文学理论的发展开启了新方向。%Ouyang Xiu was an outstanding literary biographer in the Song Dynasty. His biography literature theory explored the biography writing from the angle of literature on his historical principles. His theory contained biographical writing attitude, aim, method, language problems and sought the balance between history and literature, offering the new direction for the biography literature theory development.

  8. Keeleliste elulugude uurimisvõimalusi: Dagmar Normeti mitmekeelne lapsepõlv Eestis. Possibilities of Research on Linguistic Biographies: Dagmar Normet, a Multilingual Childhood in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Verschik

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Recently the investigation of linguistic biographies has become popular among linguists for several reasons. Instead of studying formally-oriented, traditional approaches to second language acquisition and language learning, such research focuses on an individual’s conceptualisation of languages, language acquisition and living with and among multiple languages. Linguistic biographies can be either oral or written narratives, elicited by a researcher or produced by individuals. This includes language-learning memoirs as well. As some studies have demonstrated, a closer look at a linguistic history of a particular individual helps to discover new aspects that generally remain unnoticed in formally-oriented studies, such as the speaker’s personal attitudes, emotions attached to his/ her languages, self-expression in different languages, and instances of multilingual speech (for example, cross-linguistic influence, code-switching, etc.. However, a multilingual person’s narratives, either in written or oral form, should be treated with caution. It has been demonstrated in recent studies that grounded theory approach (i.e., coding and establishing emergent categories and content analysis alone cannot present a full picture of a linguistic biography. As Pavlenko (2007 argues, at least three kinds of reality should be considered: subject reality (how the narrator sees his/her life with multiple languages, text reality (that is, how the text of narration is structured, in what order events are presented and life reality (biographical facts. As in fieldwork in general, a researcher should be prepared to face discrepancies between the picture presented by the informant and other types of reality. From a methodological point of view, an informant should be interviewed several times in his/her different languages or, at the very least; a researcher should be familiar with the languages. In this sense, the European tradition of linguistic biographies

  9. 从僧传与小说关系角度看《坛经》中的惠能传%A Study of Hui Neng's Biography in Rostrim Scriptures from the Perspective of Relation of Monks'Biographies and Fictions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2015-01-01

    《坛经》的内容包括叙事性强的高僧惠能传记以及惠能佛学思想记录两大部分。在《坛经》版本演变的过程里,两大部分都有所变化,尤以惠能传记部分变化较为明显,且在变化中体现出其与世俗叙事文学与世俗文化心理的密切联系。可以将《坛经》惠能传记部分的文本置于更广阔的文化背景,从叙事学的视角出发,通过分析《坛经》惠能传记中谶言与神异情节的运用、人物形象的塑造等问题,管窥以惠能传记为代表的僧传文学与包括历史传记、小说在内的文化大背景的联系,印证中国古代文学与历史、虚构与真实难以割裂这一大文史观。%Rostrum Scriptures consists of two parts,biography of Hui Neng and the records of Hui Neng's thoughts.In the evolution progress of Rostrum Scriptures ,there were changes in both of the two parts,while discrepancies in the biography part are more obvious and related to earthly narra-tive literature as well as cultural mindset.This thesis puts Hui Neng's biography from Rostrum Scrip-tures into cultural background,analyzes the prophecies and character image from the perspective of narratology to glimpse the relation of monk biographies and cultural background including historic bi-ographies and fictions,and confirms that in ancient China,literature and history,fiction and reality cannot be totally split from each other.

  10. PUBLICATIONS OF MYKOLAS BIRZISKA IN VILNIUS PRESS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY: FEATURES OF THE INTELLECTUAL BIOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kvietkauskas, Mindaugas

    2006-12-01

    biography carried features of specific cultural liberalism that was characteristic to the entire group of multinational intelligentsia in Vilnius before the First World War (Michal Römer, Tadeusz Wróblewski, Anton and Ivan Luckievich, Uriah Katzenelenbogen, and others.

  11. 朱熹《诗集传》训诂指瑕%The Imperfection on Exegesis of Zhu Xi's the Biography of Poetry Antholoy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范义财

    2011-01-01

    朱熹《诗集传》的成就和历史地位早有公论,本文仅将论题锁定于《诗集传》训诂中的几个方面,如"叶音"说、评《序》、"淫诗"说与文学解诗等存在的缺陷与不足上,试以另一种研究视角,客观审视朱子集传的训诂得失。%The achievement and the historical value of ZhuXi's the Biography of Poetry Anthology has been acknowledged.This paper focuses on the imperfection in the Biography of Poetry Anthology by Zhu Xi,for example the "YeYin" theory,the evaluations of preface,"Pornographic poems" theory and literary explanations of The Book of Songs in order to assess the imperfection from another point of view.

  12. Biography of Peeter Torop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Sünd. 28. nov. 1950 Tallinnas, õppis Tartu 5. Kk. (nüüd Tamme Gümnaasium). 1969-74 õppis TÜ-s vene filol. Töötanud vene kirjanduse kat. kuni 1992, mil tema initsiatiivil moodustati semiootika kateeder

  13. Le choix du périurbain à Québec : nature et biographie résidentielle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrée Fortin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available À l’heure des changements climatiques et du vieillissement de la population québécoise, nous nous sommes interrogées sur ce qui attire et/ou retient des résidents dans le périurbain, souvent au prix de longs déplacements quotidiens pour le travail ou les emplettes. Comme dans certains secteurs périurbains le prix des résidences est très élevé, le choix résidentiel ne se réduit pas à des considérations d’ordre économique. Nous analysons ici une des composantes essentielles du milieu et qui en fait aux yeux de plusieurs un « milieu sain » : la proximité de la nature. En quoi cela constitue-t-il un attrait pour les résidents ? Est-ce parce qu’il permet un mode de vie associé à des activités de plein air, ou plutôt un milieu « naturel » associé aux grands espaces ? Quel rapport les résidents du périurbain ont-il avec la nature qui les entoure ? Dans le cadre d’une recherche qualitative sur l’étalement urbain, nous avons interrogé 132 résidents de six secteurs périurbains de l’agglomération de Québec (Canada, associés autrefois à la villégiature ou à l’agriculture. Les entretiens semi-dirigés portaient sur le choix résidentiel, les représentations de la ville, de la banlieue, de la campagne et du village, les lieux fréquentés dans l’agglomération et le rapport à l’automobile. Il apparaît que les éléments recherchés dans le milieu de vie par plusieurs répondants sont ceux qu’ils ont connus dans leur enfance, dans des banlieues pavillonnaires de première couronne (c’est-à-dire édifiées dans les années 1950 et 1960 ou des régions rurales, dont ils sont majoritairement issus. C’est ainsi que la biographie personnelle semble influencer le choix résidentiel. Pour vivre près de la nature, ils seraient prêts à s’éloigner davantage de la ville qu’ils caractérisent essentiellement par la pollution et le béton. La dépendance à l’automobile que ce mode de vie entra

  14. 《明史・万贵妃传》的史源及考疑%Textual Criticism of Biography of Concubine Wan in the History of Ming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪海龙

    2014-01-01

    The Xianzong's favored concubine Wan has been describes as a woman who is guilty of the most hideous crime in the Ming and Qing dynasties'historical sources .In the view of official historians , her main “crimes”as follows ,monopolizing the love of the Xianzong ,forcing other concubines to abortion , murdering concubine Ji and colluding with crafty sycophants etc .According to the investigation ,most his-torical sources of the biography of concubine Wan in the history of Ming come from the Ming and Qing dy -nasties'literati notes .Once analyzing these notes carefully ,we can find some contradictions .Therefore ,it is necessary to clarify and identify the biography of historical sources .%在明清两代的史料中,明宪宗宠妃万氏,一直被描述成一个工于心计且罪大恶极的女人。在史官的笔下,她的主要“罪名”有擅宠、伤堕皇嗣、谋害纪淑妃、勾结佞倖等。据考察《明史・万贵妃传》中的史料多源于明清文人的笔记。仔细推敲这些关于万贵妃的笔记时,能够发现这些记载万贵妃的笔记有些许矛盾之处。故而,理清《明史・万贵妃传》的史料来源并加以辨析就有其必要性了。

  15. 论《史记·天官书》易学思想%Studies on the Views of Changes in The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵继宁; 朱君毅

    2015-01-01

    《史记·天官书》与易学思想有着较深的渊源。《天官书》所体现的天人思想、“变”的思想、象征和联想类比的星占方法等,是对易学思想的继承和发扬。%The views of Changes are the ideological origin of The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records. The harmony of man and nature, the ideology of changes, the astrological method of symbol, association and analogy in The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records carry on the views of Changes.

  16. The Study of Myth Character about Biography of King%《穆天子传》小说性质辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳清

    2013-01-01

    迄今为止,《穆天子传》的撰者、成书年代、文本性质等,均可谓学术疑案。从叙事动机出发,依据战国初期前后相关文献的巨大差异,可以认同此书源出赵国后嗣对祖先的追崇。《穆天子传》体式近似起居注,风格却呈现恍惚无征之态,它既非信史著作,亦非上古神话抑或次神话之类。基于社会风尚和读学心理来审视,穆王故实在虚实相生中形成的小说境界,曾一度受到战国末期神仙思维、汉晋时世造仙运动先后影响,最终在历史误读中造就了后人所谓的神话品格。%So far, the author, writing time and text nature of Biography of King were academic doubtful cases Form narrative motivation, according to the huge difference based on literatures around the early Warring States, the author believes that the works had been derived from respecting the ancestors for Zhao heirs. The form of Biography of King approximated confidential memorandum style but presented mysterious state, it was not credible history, nor ancient myth or second-class myth. Based on the social tendency and reading psychology, novel state of the king stories in the void-solid combination had been firstly affected by fairy thinking in Warring States, secondly affected by fairy-made movement in Han-Jin times, and finally made its myth character in the history misreading.

  17. «La Perfecta Casada»: from the Model to Representations. Francisca Zorrilla’s Biography, Written by her Husband

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita TORREMOCHA HERNÁNDEZ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The existence of feminine models for Castilian women in the «postridentine» age is well known. Among these models, it stands out a work written by the Augustinian Fray Luis de León (1583. The great number of editions of the work proves its great success. «La Perfecta Casada» set a prototype of what a married woman should be and was read by many women. Decades after the appearance of this work, another was published in Alcalá (1661, which is not an ideal proposal but the story of a real life: the posthumous biography of Francisca Zorrilla written by her husband, Gabriel Álvarez de Velasco, judge at the «Chancillería» of Santa Fe. Her life, especially her married life, was exemplary. This work focuses on the biographical genre, on the author, on the story of life in its descriptive aspect, as well as on the adjustment to the archetype.

  18. 《旧唐书·孙思邈传》之史源%Historical origin of Jiu Tangshu · biography of Sun Simiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋珍民

    2012-01-01

    The book Datang Xinyu · Sun Simiao was compiled by Liu Su according to the original national historical papers of the Tang Dynasty which basically kept the features of national history.Based on this book and Binglishufu Xu (written by Lu Zhaolin) and Tanbinlu · Sun Simiao,Zhang Du sorted out the data about Sun Simiao and compiled the book Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao (in which the three stories of his lifetime were made up).Jiu Tangshi · Sun Simiao was edited by historiographers in the Hou-Jin Dynasty according to the biography of Sun Simiao in Tang national history,and referring to the Datang Xinyu · Sun Simiao,Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao,in which they only made a few adjustments on the basis of Xuanshizhi.Du Guangting compiled Xianzhuan Shiyi · Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao and added three stories of gods and spirits about Sun Simiao after he became immortal.Taipingguangji of the North Song Dynasty was compiled according to Xianzhuan Shiyi · Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao.%刘肃据唐国史旧文编成《大唐新语·孙思邈》,基本保留了国史旧貌.张读在《大唐新语·孙思邈》的基础上,据卢照邻《病梨树赋序》,梳理出卢氏所知之孙思邈若干事迹,又据胡璩《谭宾录·孙思邈》略加改补,并杜撰命数3事,编成《宣室志·孙思邈》.后晋史官修《旧唐书·孙思邈传》,在唐国史孙思邈传基础上,参酌《大唐新语·孙思邈》、《宣室志·孙思邈》后,基本照录《宣室志·孙思邈》,只是些许改动.杜光庭据《宣室志·孙思邈》增补孙思邈尸解成仙后的3则仙迹故事,编成《仙传拾遗·孙思邈》.北宋文臣编纂《太平广记》时,又据《仙传拾遗·孙思邈》和《宣室志·孙思邈》而成.

  19. Mythological Novels as Biographies of Supernatural Beings and Cao Zhi’s Poetry about Immortals%仙传小说与曹植游仙诗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施健

    2013-01-01

    Cao Zhi was the first poet who writes poems about immortals .He wrote 11 such poems that can be found including Go up to the Sky (升天行) and Poem about Immortals (游仙诗), accounting for almost one -sixth of his creations.It is commonly thought that Cao Zhi’s poetry about immortals is affected by Qu Yuan ’s poem of Travel Faraway (远游).Meantime, the idea of supernatural beings of Taoism since the Han dynasty also im-pacts the formation of his creation.The descriptions of immortals in mythological novels in biography of supernatural beings and the complicated fairyland provide rich material for the creation of such poems .Their literariness is thus improved.%  曹植是游仙诗创作的第一人。他的游仙诗可考的大约有《升天行》《游仙诗》等11首,这几乎占了曹植诗歌创作总量的六分之一。目前学术界普遍认同曹植的游仙诗受到了屈原《远游》创作的影响,并且是结合了汉代以来的道教神仙思想而逐渐成型的。在道家思想领域,尤其是汉代以来的仙传小说对于大量神仙升天羽化故事的描写以及纷繁复杂的仙境的描绘给游仙诗这种诗歌的创作提供了大量的素材,文学性大大增强。曹植的游仙诗与仙传小说有着密切关系,两者互有促进,在文学史上有一定的影响。

  20. SONG Lian's Artistic Achievements in Biography and the Impact on Times%宋濂传记文艺术成就与时代影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昌云

    2016-01-01

    SONG Lian's biographical works are enormous in quantity , various in category and rich in content .The main characters of his biographical works are from all walks of life ,which reflect broad social horizon .He achieved good artistic effect through the combination of different kinds of techniques of characterization ,superb narration skills and intense lyricstyles . His biographical art originates from the historical biographical tradition in the Qin and Han dynasties , and developed the accomplishments of biographical essays of HAN Yu in the Tang dynasty and LIU Zong﹣yuan in the Song dynasty . He epitomized the biographical essays of the pre﹣Ming dynasty .His achievements not only paved the way for the civilianbiographical creation but also promoted the appearance of essays full of cultural atmosphereduring the mid and late periods of the Ming dynasty .He also leaded the trend ofromanticizing biography in the Ming and Qing dynasties . His contribution in biographical writings is undoubtedly remarkable .%宋濂传记文数量巨大、种类繁多、内容丰富,传主来自社会各个阶层,反映广阔的社会生活画卷。作者综合运用多种写人艺术、高超叙事技巧和浓郁抒情笔法,取得较好艺术效果。宋濂传记文艺术主要源自继承和发展秦汉史传传统和唐宋韩柳传记文成就,他是明前传记文成就的集大成者,其传记文创作开启明代中后期平民传记文创作的先河,也推动了中晚明人文气息浓厚的小品文出现,并开创明清传记传奇化写作风尚。宋濂传记文成就非凡,贡献卓著。

  1. Biography of Stuart Lindsay Biography of Stuart Lindsay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Nongjian; Nagahara, Larry; Thundat, Thomas; Zhang, Peimeng

    2012-04-01

    Stuart received his BSc and PhD in physics from the University of Manchester in 1972 and 1976, respectively. After a brief period working in the Phillips Labs, he joined Arizona State University (ASU) as a faculty member in 1979. While much of his current interest is in the molecular basis of diseases, Stuart has made long-lasting contributions to several fields in nanotechnology and biophysics over his past three decades at ASU. He was the first to develop inelastic light scattering spectroscopy to study low frequency vibration modes in DNA, which has led to a better understanding of collective motions in DNA and A-B transition in DNA. The early stages of his scientific career at ASU also included studying materials under extremely high pressure, glass transitions and the light scattering of semiconductor materials. He pioneered the scanning probe microscopy imaging of DNA and other biological molecules in water. His unusual talent in experimental physics and instrumentation led to the development of a 9-pass Fabry-Perot for high-resolution optical spectroscopy and a variety of innovative technologies for scanning probe microscopy. He co-founded the Molecular Imaging Corporation (now acquired by Agilent). In addition to biological molecules, Stuart is one of the pioneers who applied scanning tunneling microscopy to studying fundamental phenomena at solid-liquid interfaces, including charge transport, interfacial forces and molecular adsorption in solutions. His seminal work in single molecule electron transport provides new insights into not only the mechanism of the scanning tunneling microscopy of molecules, but also molecular electronics. Stuart's contribution to science goes beyond the original research mentioned above. His passion and energy for science have inspired and influenced many younger scientists, including his students, postdoctoral researchers and junior faculty. We wish Stuart many more happy, healthy and productive years ahead.

  2. The Cultural Biography of Agarwood

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Dinah

    2013-01-01

    The intangible heritage of making fine use of agarwood is a story of exceptional refinement, concerning arts and (syn-) aesthetic sensitivity, as well as a story of valuing and employing nature, commercialisation, and of the search for identity within the multicultural entanglements of Asia. Its continuation presents a challenge in business, scientific and cultural regards. CONTENTS: I. Portrayal of the aromatic material – II. Early perfumery arts and exotic stimuli – III. Supraregional ...

  3. Zur Biographie des Thomas Finck

    OpenAIRE

    Graf, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    Aus der Überlieferung der Werke des Mönchs Thomas Finck ergeben sich die Jahre 1489 und 1507 als Eckdaten seiner derzeit bekannten Lebenszeugnisse. Nach Ausweis des Cgm 6940 beendete Thomas Finck, der sich als Bruder des Benediktinerordens bezeichnet, am 8. Juli 1489 im Benediktinerkloster Elchingen die Übertragung der pseudothomasischen Schrift 'De beatitudine'. Der nur in der Karlsruher Handschrift St. Georgen 84 (möglicherweise ein Konzeptautograph) überlieferten Vorrede und Datierung sein...

  4. Blaise Pascal, une biographie spirituelle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moulin, Henri Schmitz du

    1982-01-01

    Dat Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) niet alleen een scherpzinnig religieus denker was, maar ook een groot wis- en natuurkundige, mag als bekend worden verondersteld. Als twaal{arige werd hij door zijn vader al meegenomen naar de zittingen van de academie van P. Mersenne, waaraan de voornaamste wis- en nat

  5. Blaise Pascal, une biographie spirituelle

    OpenAIRE

    Moulin, Henri Schmitz du

    1982-01-01

    Dat Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) niet alleen een scherpzinnig religieus denker was, maar ook een groot wis- en natuurkundige, mag als bekend worden verondersteld. Als twaal{arige werd hij door zijn vader al meegenomen naar de zittingen van de academie van P. Mersenne, waaraan de voornaamste wis- en natuurkundigen uit die tijd deelnamen, en op zijn zestiende schreef hij al een werk over de kegelsneden (Traite sur les coniques). ... Zie: Samenvatting

  6. Dr. Carson K. Eoyang, Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Eoyang, Carson K.

    2013-01-01

    Dr. Carson K. Eoyang Emeritas Professor Naval Postgraduate School Dr. Eoyang retired as the Chancellor of National Intelligence University and was a former Associate Provost at the Naval Postgraduate School. He has served in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the White House, the Chief Training Officer for the FAA, and the Director of Training forNASA. He was awarded the Presidential Rank of Meritorious Executive in 1993 after serving on the Vice President Gore's National...

  7. Biographie d’un esprit au corps brisé. Les pierres magiques des ancêtres zápara d’Amazonie : des sujets du passé

    OpenAIRE

    Bilhaut, Anne-Gaël

    2006-01-01

    Biographie d’un esprit au corps brisé. Les pierres magiques des ancêtres zapara d’Amazonie : des sujets du passé. L’usage des pierres magiques en Amazonie a été rapporté par de nombreux ethnologues. Pourtant, l’examen des relations intersubjectives entre les pierres et leur « maître » reste succinct. L’exemple zapara permet de porter un regard nouveau sur celles-ci. Les ancêtres des Zapara d’Amazonie équatorienne ont laissé sur le territoire plusieurs pierres qui, lorsqu’elles sont trouvées p...

  8. PBL教学法在医古文传记教学中的应用研究%Explore to the Application Effect of PBL Didactics in Teaching Archaic Chinese in Medicine Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京玉; 韩一龙

    2014-01-01

    Objective In order to explore the application effect of PBL didactics in teaching Archaic Chinese in Medicine Biography.Methods A to-tal of 38 practicing Chinese Medicine undergraduate Were randomly divided into The test group and control group.Experimental group used com-bining PBL and traditional teaching method,while the control group used traditional LBL teaching method.Questionnaire was distributed to both groups.Data were analyzed by the statistical.Results There was no difference between two groups inthe end theory examination (P>0. 05). Results In Questionnaire investigation,the scores of test group were higher than those of Control group.Conclusion The results showed that the average score of students taught with PBL didactics was higher than the oncs with LBL.PBL method effective improve Archaic Chinese in Medi-cine Biography medical teaching effect.%目的:探讨PBL教学模式在医古文传记教学中的应用。方法将中医专业本科生38名随机分为试验组和对照组,试验组采用PBL与传统教学法相结合模式,对照组采用传统的LBL教学模式。对两组学生采用考试及问卷调查进行教学效果比较,对所得资料进行统计学分析。结果两组相比,基础理论知识考试成绩差异无显著性(P>0.05);在问卷调查中,试验组学生的考试成绩优予对照组。结论 PBL教学法优于LBL教学法,PBL教学法有助于提高医古文传记教学效果。

  9. 《史记·儒林列传》中的先秦至汉初“六艺”之学%The Research of Six Classics in historic Records o rutin Biography from the Pre-Qin Period to the Western Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯倩

    2015-01-01

    Historical Records treat rutin Biography and Sima Qian Preface as the outline, discussing the academic development process . The academic accomplishment and profound knowledge of the background to let him have more and more comprehensive academic un-derstanding. Rulin Biography records the academic development of Six Art, researching rutin Biography is able to have a more complete understanding of ideas, while helping to understand the development of the Western Han Dynasty Confucianism.%《史记》以《儒林列传》《太史公自序》等为提纲,司马迁有意考辨学术源流、师承家法。家学传统及博览群书之便,使其较他人更有全瞻性的文化学术史观。以《儒林列传》所录“六艺”突破,能够对司马迁的学术思想有较为完整的认识,同时有助于了解西汉前期儒学的发展情况。

  10. The Influence of The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records on the Compilation of Official History and Encyclopedias%试论《史记·天官书》对正史、类书编纂的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵继宁

    2015-01-01

    The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records is the earliest encyclopedia in astronomy handed down from ancient China and it created the official histories style of astronomy. Under the influence of it, the later Biography of Astronomi⁃cal Officials records astronomy, while the Biography of the five elements records calamities and abnormal phenomena. Meanwhile, it has a great impact on the compilation of encyclopedias of past ages.%《史记·天官书》是我国现存的最早的天文学百科全书,首创天文学载入正史的体例。受其影响,后世正史《天文志》记载天文星象,《五行志》则专载天变灾异。同时,它对历代类书“天部”的编纂也产生了深远影响。

  11. On Han Shanbi' s Trilogy A Biography of Deng Xiaoping and The Last Years of Deng Xiaoping%在自由中逼近真理——论寒山碧的三卷本《邓小平评传》及《邓小平最后岁月》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙德喜

    2012-01-01

    《邓小平评传》是海南籍香港作家寒山碧传记文学的代表作。寒山碧利用香港的民主自由为邓小平撰写传记文学作品,力求客观真实,公正中立,既叙述了传主曲折的人生,又表现了传主的人性和温情,同时对传主作了精湛的评点,显示出作家追求真理的勇气。%A Biography of Deng Xiaoping is the master work of biography literature for Han Shanbi, a Hong Kong writer of Hainan origin. Thanks to the democratic and free atmosphere in Hong Kong, Han Shanbi makes ev- ery effort to be objective, authentic, fair and impartial in his writing of a biography of Deng Xiaoping. In his writ- ing, Han Shanbi not only relates Deng Xiaoping' s tortuous life but also shows Deng Xiaoping' s human nature and tender feelings coupled with a review of Deng Xiaoping' s life, which reveals Han' s courageous pursuit of the truth.

  12. Sun Qifeng’ s Views on Women from Epitaphs,Elegiac and Biography%从碑志、祭文和传记看孙奇逢的妇女观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莹莹

    2015-01-01

    孙奇逢是明末清初思想界影响较大的人物,笔者从孙奇逢为女性写的碑志、祭文和传记来分析孙氏妇女观中较为进步的方面。概括说来分别是充分肯定并赞扬女性的家庭角色,充分赞美明辨是非、深明大义和有智慧的女性,肯定女性在婚姻家庭中的话语权,理解女性、同情女性。%Sun Qifeng was an influential person in the ideological circle in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties . The paper intended to analyze the more progressive view of Sun Qifeng ’ s views on women from epitaphs , elegiac and biography which were written by Sun Qifeng .Generally speaking ,Sun’ s progressive views on women included:fully affirmed and praised the role of women in the family;Understand the important principle thoroughly;righteous and wise women .He affirmed women ’ s right in the marriage and family ,understand women .

  13. 浅析《甄嬛传》中的《红楼梦》因子%Analysis of the Factors from Dream of Red Mansions to Zhenhuan Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕学琴

    2015-01-01

    电视剧《甄嬛传》里的“红楼”元素,勾起了人们对《红楼梦》的文化记忆,透过“甄嬛”热的表象,可窥见人们心目中“典雅温婉”的“红楼”审美导向。通过研究《红楼梦》的诗化言语、女性形象、生活雅化等审美类项,致敬于经典,为当下社会反思传统文化的经典意蕴提供了参照。%The Red Mansions implication which contains in the TV series named Zhenhuan Biography evokes people�s cultural memory and reveals people�s aesthetic orientation.By researching the aesthetic items in the Dream of Red Mansions,such as poetic language,female figures and elegance life,which provides the reference for people to reflect the classical implication of traditional culture in contemporary society.

  14. 《李娃传》与《玉玦记》中妓女的命运差异之比较%Comparison of the Different Fates of Prostitutes in Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉华

    2011-01-01

    The romantic novels of scribes and prostitutes have always been popular subject.Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade have the similar story plots,but the fates of the two heroines are entirely different.Li Wa has been praised highly for her affection and faith,whereas Li Changnu was punished for her viciousness.Both of the different fates were influenced by many factors,some of which such as characters,authors and social backgrounds are very essential.%文士与妓女婚恋类题材小说历来是文人写作的热门题材,白行简的《李娃传》与郑若庸的《玉玦记》在故事情节上可谓一脉相承。而二文女主人公的命运却大不相同:李娃被塑造成一个有情有义的妇女,而李娟奴则因其歹毒得到了应该有的报复。促成两者命运差异的原因是多方面的,而男女人物性格、作者和社会等三方面因素是其重点。

  15. Analysis of Flush:A Biography from an Angle of Ecological Ethics%从生态伦理学的角度试析《弗勒希——一条狗的传记》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭颖

    2011-01-01

    Ecological Ethics is considered as a newly-risen science which could improve moral thinking of modern and contemporary environmental crisis.It not only has a huge effect on pushing environment protection,but also offers a new angle of analysis of literature text.This article analyzes the text entitled Flush: A Biography by Virginia Woolf from a new angle of Ecological Ethics.It aims at illustrating Woolf's views on the relationship between human and nature,especially human and animals.Furthermore,it also indicates the interdisciplinary in biographical literature.%生态伦理学作为一门对现当代生态环境危机进行道德思考的新兴伦理学,不仅对环境保护运动起了巨大的推动作用,具有一定的合理性,同时,它也为文学文本的研究提供了一个新的视角。本文试图从生态伦理学这个较新的角度对英国女作家弗吉尼亚.伍尔夫(Virginia Woolf)的《弗勒希——一条狗的传记》进行阐述和解读,从而说明文章是如何体现出伍尔夫对人与自然尤其是人与动物之间的关系的看法,以及传记文学中所蕴含的跨学科性的。

  16. A Textual Research on The Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History%《宋史·忠义传》“孙翊”、“孙益”考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙廷林; 王元林

    2015-01-01

    The History of the Song Dynasty has numerous volumes,many of which have corrupted a lot. The Sun Yi in the 446th volume“Loyalty 1:Biography of Sun Yi”and the Sun Li in the 447th volume“Loyalty 2:Xu Hui’s Talk with Sun Ang”are actually the same person. Sun Yi is recorded in various historical data which take Zhu Bian’s "Written Suggestions" or "Loyalty" as recorded history source,while Sun Li is recorded in various historical data which take "Feng’s Annals",“Jinlv’s Minutes”and Yang Cunzhong’s"Written Suggestions"as recorded history source. This paper denotes Sun Li to be correct according to original historical material and logical relations.%《宋史》卷四四六《忠义一·孙益传》的“孙益”与卷四四七《忠义二·徐徽言传附孙昂》中所提及的“孙翊”实为一人。揆诸史料,凡以朱弁所作《奏状》或《忠义录》为史源的史料皆作“孙益”。而以《封氏纪年》、《金虏节要》等史料为史源者皆作“孙翊”,且以杨存中《奏状》为史源的史料亦作“孙翊”。本文综合原始史料和逻辑关系,从史源的角度,厘清讹误,认为当以作“孙翊”者为正。

  17. Controversy over the Superiority and Inferiority of Historiography in a Series of Biographies of History Books and Historiography in Annalistic Style in the Tang Dynasty%唐代纪传、编年二体优劣论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹鹏程

    2012-01-01

    Historians of the early Tang Dynasty inherited the historiography theories of the South Dynasty and North Dynasty, and classified historiography in a series of biographies into history books written in biographical style. Afterwards, historians began to attach importance to the historiography principle that history should be written in order to pass judgment between praise and blame and to punish wickedness and encourage virtues, which was reinforced by the Study of the Spring and Autumn Annals rising in the mid- Tang Dynasty, having combined historiography in annalistic style with the purpose of praise and blame, also having revived chronicle historical records. Under this background, Huangfu Shi claimed that both types of historiography had the possibility of becoming excellent historiography works as long as they could punish wickedness and encourage virtues, which also exerted important influence on the compilation of A New History of the Five Dynasties ( Xin Wu Dai Shi ) and other history books in the North Song Dynasty.%唐初史家继承南北朝史学的理论遗产,列纪传体为正史。其后,史家开始强调史学褒贬人事、惩恶劝善的宗旨,这股思潮与中唐以后兴起的《春秋》学合流,将史书的编年体裁与褒贬义例联系在一起,导致中唐以后编年体史书中兴的局面。在此背景下,皇甫浞提出只要能立褒贬以示惩劝,二体皆可为良史的主张,对北宋时期《新五代史》等书的编纂产生了重要影响。

  18. 张采的叙事类散文探析--从“传状”文角度考察%Analysis of Zhang Cai's Narrative Prose From the Perspective of Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾硕先

    2016-01-01

    Zhang Cai who was one of the two leaders of the Fushe Association , which was the most influential organization in the literary circles in the late Ming Dynasty .The narrative prose composed by Zhang Cai mainly referred to as the traditional biogra -phies of history and ancient prose .In which various literary views can be found since Wang Yangming period , and it advocated the Neo-Confucianism .As for the narrative skills , he was good at exhibiting characters by special environmental description and crea -ting a solemn, serene and simple style .The traditional biographies of history and ancient prose can represent Zhang Cai ’ s prose style.So, we can understand the ancient literary retro -movement of the Fushe Association by investigating them .%作为明末主秉文坛的复社“二张”之一,张采叙事散文的特点于思想内容上,一扫王阳明以来的文坛纷纭,恪守明经倡学,回归程朱理学范畴;在叙事技巧上,善于将人物置身于特别的场景中凸显人物性格,善于营造静穆朴实的文风。作为张采代表性的散文创作文体,“传状”文无疑是洞见复社文学复古运动的一条捷径。

  19. Asude Bahar Ülkesine Yolculuk Olan Ölümün Şair Biyografilerinde İfade Edilmesi In Poet Biographies Expression Of Death A Passage To The Peaceful Spring Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah AYDIN

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Collection of biographies of poets the sources of Classic TurkishLiterature inform about the poets’ life, character, literal personality andworks. Though the number of collection of biographies in TurkishLiterature has risen to forty, it will increase in number by newresearches possibly. There are both books and articles about how somespecific subjects are held on these works that involve the biographies ofpoets. Along with the informations about the poet’s character, physicalappearance, family, educational background, job, marriage, children,date of birth, place of birth, place of death there are information abouthis poesy.In this study, how the death of the poets are expressed isresearched inspring especially from the writers’ acting responsiblytowards indicating the date of death. The distinctness is formed byexamining former published works and identifying the samples whichwill complete them. Apart from the cause and time of death the wordsand word groups preferred for death knell are examined in terms ofstyle. While the death of poets are expressed by some simple sentencesas “died, expired, slaughtered” sometimes it is expressed in moreartistic ways related to poet’s name, nickname, job and lifestyle.Especially the tenth topic with its under titles is important in terms ofrevealing new styles of expression.Death which we regard ordinary by saying “all livings born, liveand die” and which is expressed in wholy Koran as “Külli nefsinzâikatü'l-mevt”, namely “every soul shall have a taste of death” is holdsometimes sadly but mostly in terms of its beauty. The writers havedeveloped a literary pleasure on death. Klasik Türk Edebiyatının kaynak eserlerinden Şair Tezkireleri şairlerin hayatı, mizacı, edebî kişiliği ve eserleri hakkında bilgi vermektedir. Türk Edebiyatında tezkire sayısı kırka ulaşmış olmakla beraber yeni araştırmalarla bu sayının artması muhtemeldir. Şair biyografilerini kapsayan

  20. All Mortal Beings under the Concession Culture ---Interpreting the Characters in Biographies of Shanghai Singsong Girls%租界文化背景下的芸芸众生——析《海上花列传》中的人物生存境遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红

    2012-01-01

    韩邦庆的《海上花列传》以上海租界为背景,描写了上海青楼中一群妓女和狎客的故事。展现了租界文化对上海人的生存境遇的影响。从传统与现代混融的新奇体验,外国巡捕统治下的租界及人们的自卑感,以及浮华境遇下自我的迷失及幻灭感三方面来分析《海上花列传》中租界文化背景下的人物生存境遇。%prostitute ' tures on S Shanghm In Biographies of Shanghai Singsong Girls, Han Qingban described the prostitutes' story and s customer ' s story under the concession cultures, which showed the influence of concession culhanghai people' s lives. The characters' sufferings under the concession cultures in Biographies of Singsong Girls are interpreted through the combination of the tradition and the novelty experience, the people' s humbleness under the foreign police' s governing and the people' s loss in the flashy circumstances.

  1. A Discussion on the SuWu 's Patriotic Image and the Contemporary Value of the SuWu 's Biography in HanShu--A First Talk about the Similarities and Differences between the SuWu 's Biography in HanShu and the SuWu of JieShi in XinXu%论《汉书·苏武传》中苏武爱国形象的塑造及其当代价值--由《汉书·苏武传》和《新序·节士·苏武章》的异同说起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳

    2016-01-01

    Compared with the SuWu of JieShi in XinXu Written by LiuXxiang, the SuWu's biography in HanShu written by BanGu appears more image, vivid and real history. Through the description of the SuWu 's deeds,the SuWu 's biography in HanShu shows the SuWu 's patriotic image and valuable patriotism, and using contrast against the backdrop of the way, sublimates the SuWu 's unswervingly patriotic spirit. The SuWu 's patriotic deeds and patriotic spirit is a concentrated expression and practice of the Chinese nation's outstanding traditional culture, provides valuable spiritual food for future generations of patriotic people, and is undoubtedly a medicine for today's emphasis on materialistic society.%与刘向《新序·节士·苏武章》相较,班固《汉书·苏武传》显得更加形象、生动而合乎历史真实。《苏武传》通过对苏武事迹的叙述,塑造了苏武光辉的爱国形象,展现了苏武可贵的爱国情操,并运用对比衬托的手法,升华了苏武矢志不渝的爱国精神。苏武的这种爱国事迹及其所展现的爱国精神,是中华民族优秀传统文化的集中体现和实践,也为后世人们的爱国行为提供了宝贵的精神食粮,对于当今偏重于物质的社会无疑也是一剂良药。

  2. Biography of biophenols: past, present and future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan K. Obied

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: The term “biophenols” was first coined by Romeo and Uccella in 1996 to denote bioactive phenols in olives replacing the more common and less chemically accurate term “polyphenols”. “Biophenols” has started gaining popularity beyond olive chemistry and currently used by researchers to refer to plant phenols in general. Biophenols constitute the largest group of secondary plant metabolites with ubiquitous presence in plants and wide spectrum of biological activities. During the last three decades, biophenols have seized scientific attention, lured industry and attracted consumers’ interest due to their antioxidative potential in preservation of food and maintaining human health. For the first time, a definition for “biophenols” has been proposed to present a more precise and comprehensive umbrella term to encompass all phenolic compounds of botanical origin. In this article, the author is tracing the landmarks of the history of biophenol research; profiling contemporary research directions; highlighting research controversies and uncertainties; and presenting an outlook of the biophenols future research.Keywords: polyphenols, chemistry, pharmacology, biological activities, antioxidant

  3. Dictionary of World Biography: Second edition

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Barry

    2015-01-01

    Jones, Barry Owen (1932- ). Australian politician, writer and lawyer, born in Geelong. Educated at Melbourne University, he was a public servant, high school teacher, television and radio performer, university lecturer and lawyer before serving as a Labor MP in the Victorian Parliament 1972-77 and the Australian House of Representatives 1977-98. He took a leading role in reviving the Australian film industry, abolishing the death penalty in Australia, and was the first politician to raise pub...

  4. (Anti-Biography and Neo-Impressionism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foa, Michelle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes neo-impressionism in relation to the biographical model of art criticism and art history that became increasingly prevalent in France over the course of the 19th century. Examining the critical response to the neo-impressionists, as well as some of their pictures and writings, I argue for the centrality of questions of authorship, individuality, and subjectivity to the group and its reception. I identify a distinctly anti-biographical tendency in the movement, one that disquieted the critics and led them to try and re-inscribe biographical meaning back into the work of Georges Seurat. Indeed, though Seurat instituted a divide between his work and his life in a variety of ways, he also insisted throughout his career on his paternity over the neo-impressionist method. In all of these ways, the relationship between the self and art was a significant and problematic issue for the neo-impressionists and the critics around them.

  5. Biographie und Sozialgeschichte im Spannungsfeld der Auftragsforschung

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2010-01-01

    Kommentar til Michael Krüger 2009 (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Sport auf dem Weg in die Moderne. Carl Diem und seine Zeit. Münster: Lit......Kommentar til Michael Krüger 2009 (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Sport auf dem Weg in die Moderne. Carl Diem und seine Zeit. Münster: Lit...

  6. Mark Zuckerberg biography of an accidental billionaire

    CERN Document Server

    Melendez, Macie

    2012-01-01

    ABOUT THE BOOK Mark Zuckerberg is one of the world's youngest billionaires, thanks to his role in co-founding social networking site, Facebook. As Facebook has grown exponentially since its founding in 2004 (with 845 million monthly active users as of the end of December 2011 according to Facebook), Zuckerberg's popularity has also flown through the roof. Interesting on so many levels, Zuckerberg's quick rise to fame is one that the mass media and general public just can't get enough of. There's his Harvard education, his invention of one of the most popular Internet sites this world has ev

  7. A Biography for an Emerging Urban District

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava

    2015-01-01

    spaces as important elements in the becoming of this site and as possibly valuable figures for its future development. The article contributes to the discussion about biographical perspectives on landscape and shows how bridging knowledge from the humanities and design disciplines can create new......Abandoned industrial sites are often the starting oint for urban redevelopment, forcing the involved actors to discuss which qualities are discrded, protected, and reused. By way of a case study of the ongoing redevelopment of the Carlsberg breweries in Copenhagen, the article emphasizes open...... perspectives on open spaces of industry....

  8. Henri Poincaré a scientific biography

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Jeremy Gray explores all the fields that Poincar touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today. Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that Poincar's influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous Poincar conjecture. And Poincar's reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein's, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. Poincar the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against ...

  9. Stephen Hawking and the universe a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Sztajnkrycer, Ben

    2012-01-01

    ABOUT THE BOOK Stephen William Hawking is arguably the most famous scientist since Albert Einstein. He is a theoretical physicist, applied mathematician, and cosmologist, but he is best known to non-scientists as the author of "A Brief History of Time," his best-selling book that unraveled the origins of the universe. His fame is so far-reaching that he has appeared on such popular entertainment as "Star Trek: The Next Generation" and "Late Night with Conan O'Brien." He has even been animated as a character on "The Simpsons." Hawking is also well known for being the longest-living survivor

  10. Einstein une biographie dessinée

    CERN Document Server

    Maier, Corinne

    2015-01-01

    « Je m'appelle Albert Einstein. En voulant comprendre l'univers, j'ai libéré des forces de destruction terrifiantes. Mais il faut continuer à chercher le grand secret du cosmos. » Albert Einstein (1879-1955) est un immense génie devenu, sans le vouloir, une star de la science. Avec ses théories de la relativité restreinte puis de la relativité générale, il a radicalement transformé nos vies. Voici le récit de son existence passionnée et de ses contributions fondamentales.

  11. Musicians as lifelong learners: discovery through biography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smilde, Rineke

    2009-01-01

    Today musicians face major changes in their professional life, confronted with questions of how to function flexibly and exploit opportunities in the rapidly changing cultural context. To this end, the concept of lifelong learning is being investigated within this study. Biographical research into

  12. Musicians as lifelong learners: 32 biographies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smilde, Rineke

    2009-01-01

    Within the study ‘Musicians as Lifelong Learners: Discovery through Biography’, biographical research was used to examine key developments in the professional lives of musicians, focusing on the relationship between their life, educational and career span ant their learning styles. This resulted in

  13. Biography of Dr. Simao Nascimento de Sousa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarkar, A.^red.

    projects sponsored by different agencies. He has participated in several cruises on board worldwide with 10 different research vessels and has put in 891 days out at sea in the past 31 years of his career. He has to his credit a large number of research... the projects he has handled are the Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction System (COMAPS) and Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Plan for Goa (ICMAM-Goa). Dr. de Sousa was a silent worker of high caliber with exceptional leadership qualities. Dr. A...

  14. Explaining Today's Physics Through History and Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindley, David

    2014-03-01

    Quantum computers, string theory, holographic universes - to the general audience, today's physics can be as mystifying as it is fascinating. But modern ideas evolved from an earlier phase of physics - Newtonian mechanics, simple cause and effect - that is in principle easier for the non-expert to grasp. I have found that writing about physics from a historical and biographical perspective is an effective way to convey modern thinking by explaining where it comes from - it is a way of carrying the reader from concepts that make intuitive sense to ideas that seem, on first encounter, utterly bizarre. Smuggling explanations into stories satisfies the reader's desire for narrative - bearing in mind that narrative can include the evolution of ideas as well as tales about intriguing and original people.

  15. Abraham Pais Prize: Physics, History, and Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassidy, David C.

    2014-03-01

    Each of these fields differs in obvious and not so obvious ways from the others in terms of goals, methods, purposes, and perspectives. Yet each also holds much in common with the others. Having worked in these fields and crossed the boundaries between them, I will explore in this talk not only the similarities and differences I have encountered on this journey, but also my growing appreciation of how these fields together provide a unified perspective on physics as a science and a disciple and as a vital component of our broader human culture.

  16. A Political Biography of Henry Fielding

    OpenAIRE

    Downie, Alan (J. A.)

    2009-01-01

    The most prominent writers of the eighteenth century, such as Swift and Defoe, Addison and Steele, Pope, Gay, Fielding and Johnson, were actively involved in writing pamphlets and periodical essays which were overtly political. Other writers well known in their own day whose literary reputations are beginning to rise once more – such as John Toland, Delarivier Manley and Eliza Haywood – were also heavily employed in the writing of political polemic. Situating the writings of the period ag...

  17. Supreme Court Biographies as a Classroom Resource

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, John Paul

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author goes beyond Supreme Court decisions to investigate the upbringing and personalities of three Supreme Court justices who left their mark on history: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, and Sandra Day O'Connor. His interviews with their biographers, G. Edward White for Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Juan Williams…

  18. Fatalism Determined Writing Style and Memoir Oriented Recording Principle--A case study ofBiography of General Li inShiji%“数奇”笔法,“实录”精神--以《史记·李将军列传》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马军峰

    2014-01-01

    This is an analysis of fatalism determined writing style embodied inBiography of General LiinShiji, which can be seen in the following aspects: typical material selection and proper trim; comparison and contrast; emotional discourse based on facts. The fatalism determined writing style is accompanied by a memoir oriented recording principle, which makes it a model for true history writing.%结合《史记·李将军列传》思想内容,探讨“数奇”笔法:一是选材典型,剪裁得当;二是对比手法,突出烘托;三是融入情感,寓论于史。在“数奇”笔法运用的同时,其难能可贵的是“实录”精神,可堪写作信史之典范。

  19. From Lechery in Youxianku to Abstinency in Biography of Yingying --On the Change of Love Relationship in Genius-gentlewoman Novels%从《游仙窟》“纵欲”到《莺莺传》“忍情”——看才子佳人小说情爱关系的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔孝冬

    2011-01-01

    This novel Youxianku is regarded as the first love novel in Chinese Literature history, while the novel Biography of Yingying is the most well-known in the Tang dynasty. In fact there is much similarity in many aspects in these two novels. Through comparison, we can conclude that these two novels have become the basic paradigm for novels on gifted scholars and beauties afterwards in the image creation, plot construction, emotion model and the application of presentation approaches, etc. The transformation from indulging in sexual pleasures in Youxianku to holding back passion in Biography of Yingying reflects litterateurs' sex attitude from openness to reservation, which further leads to the change of love relationship in later novels of gifted scholars and beauties from being sex-oriented to affection-oriented.%《游仙窟》是中国文学史上第一部真正意义上的爱情小说,《莺莺传》是唐传奇中最富盛名的爱情小说,这两部小说有许多相似之处。将《游仙窟》和《莺莺传》加以对照,不难发现,这两篇唐传奇中才子佳人形象、情节构成、感情模式以及表现手法的应用等方面都成为后世才子佳人小说创作的基本范式,从《游仙窟》的“纵欲”到《莺莺传》的“忍情”,文人性观念从开放转向内敛,这种转变也促使了后来的才子佳人小说的情爱关系由重“色”向重“情”转变。

  20. 由《史记·天官书>看上古社会的星占学思想%The Ideology of Astrology of the Ancient Society in The Biography of Astronomical Officials in the Records of the Grand Historian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵继宁

    2014-01-01

    The Biography of Astronomical Officials in the Records of History is the earliest encyclopedia in astronomy handed down from ancient China , and it is a special work summarizing the ideology of astrology of the ancient society .Although astrology is not a science, through The Biography of Astronomical Officials we can have a glance at the theoretical bases and the principles of astrology in the ancient society .The theoretical bases are the harmony of man and nature and the theory of Yin and Yang and five el -ements.The principles are practicing divination on abnormalities , association and comparison , and the concentration on virtues . Therefore , it is of great significance to the study and research of the history of religion , the history of philosophy , the history of poli-tics and the history of culture of ancient China .%《史记·天官书》是我国传世的最早的天文学百科全书,也是一部对上古社会星占学思想予以总结的专书。尽管星占学是非科学的,但透过《天官书》,我们可以一窥上古社会星占学思想的理论基础和星占原则。其理论基础即天人合一观和阴阳五行说。其星占原则即“过度乃占”的原则、联想比拟的原则和关注“德”的原则。由此,对于我国上古社会的宗教史、思想史、政治史和文化史等的考察和研究具有重要意义。

  1. FOREWORD: Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Milton W.; Crespi, Vincent H.; Dresselhaus, Gene F.; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Mahan, Gerald D.; Sofo, Jorge O.

    2010-08-01

    Peter Eklund grew up in Southern California and attended the University of California at Berkeley, majoring in physics. After working for one year at the Lockheed Missile and Space Company in Sunnyvale, California, he left to pursue graduate studies at Purdue University. There he carried out PhD research in strongly correlated electron and phonon systems under the supervision of J M Honig and L L van Zandt. Peter joined the group of Millie and Gene Dresselhaus at MIT in 1974 as a Postdoctoral Fellow after one year as an instructor at the University of Kentucky. At MIT, he continued work on strongly correlated systems in collaboration with Professor David Adler (who had an adjoining office), but for the most part he got excited about sp2 carbon systems and graphite intercalation compounds, a new research direction which the Dresselhaus group had started one year before Peter's arrival at MIT. Over the next 35 years Peter, Millie and Gene co-authored over 50 research articles, several review articles, and a big nine-hundred-and-fifty page book. In 1974, they saw graphite intercalation compounds as a long-neglected research direction of great promise. They studied these new materials together over the next 16 years, focusing on their optical spectroscopy. Their pioneering vibrational spectroscopy studies provided a means to characterize the fundamental properties of carbon materials. Optical spectroscopy became a centerpiece in the research portfolios of all three, both when they were together at MIT and after Peter left for the University of Kentucky in 1977 to start his independent career as an Assistant Professor of Physics. Peter became a full Professor at Kentucky in 1986. He continued to work with Millie and Gene and also acquired an ever-expanding network of students, postdocs and collaborators. As each new carbon nanostructure emerged—graphite intercalation compounds, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and most recently graphene—Peter was at the cutting edge, leading the charge forward. His work on fullerenes, starting around 1988, culminated in a book co-authored with Millie and Gene in 1996, The Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes [1]. Through careful sample handling and analysis, his group at Kentucky discovered the mechanism of photo-polymerization in fullerenes. In 2000, Peter co-edited the research monograph Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene Polymer Composites with A M Rao, a former student [2]. His group at Kentucky also performed the first definitive Raman study of the phonons responsible for superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerene compounds. Peter was awarded the prestigious University of Kentucky Research Professorship for his contributions to graduate education and research discoveries in carbon materials. In the summer of 1991, Peter held early discussions with his two long-time collaborators on the possibility of carbon nanotubes. These discussions inspired a talk by Millie at a fullerene workshop the next day concerning the possible existence of single-walled carbon nanotubes [3]. The first papers by Iijima on the synthesis of multiwalled nanotubes appeared soon thereafter [4]. In 1994, Peter measured an early Raman spectrum on a sample containing just 1% of single-walled tubes. On the basis of this early work, he convinced Rick Smalley to provide him with a proper sample of single-walled carbon nanotubes in 1996; this is the sample on which the highly cited single-walled carbon nanotube Raman spectrum was taken [5]. Carbon nanotubes then became a central focus of the Eklund group. Peter, Millie and Gene worked together on many aspects of carbon nanotubes, including the study of infrared-active modes, Raman active modes, Raman spectra for single-walled nanotubes, and the differences in the Raman spectra of semiconducting and metallic tubes. In 2009 they combined efforts to investigate phonons in graphene. Peter was also an entrepreneur. He started a company, CarboLex, to make and sell nanotubes in large quantities, thereby giving industrial support to advancing fundamental science. He co-founded two additional companies: PhotoStealth produced computer-generated camouflage patterns printed on textiles and ICMR pursued laser-driven synthesis of nanoparticles and coatings. ICMR moved from Lexington to Silicon Valley and evolved into Nanogram, later reorganized as NeoPhotonics. Both CarboLex and NeoPhotonics are still actively engaged in the research and development of nano-materials. Peter joined the Physics Department at Penn State University in 1999, becoming a Distinguished Professor in 2008. In 2002, he also joined the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. In addition to further seminal work on carbon materials, Peter initiated a research effort in semiconducting nanowires, obtaining the first clear evidence of phonon confinement in 1D nanostructures. After the Novoselov-Geim work on monolayer graphene appeared, once again Peter Eklund was there to publish very early Raman spectra on monolayer, bilayer and few-layer graphene. Thus, the work of Peter Eklund unfolds the leading wave of discoveries in carbon nanostructures starting in 1974 and continuing over a thirty-five year period to August 2009. Peter mentored more than 40 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. He co-authored over 300 research articles and more than 20 chapters in monographs. His scientific oeuvre has been cited more than 16 000 times. Peter acquired three US patents with five more pending. He was recognized with the Japan Carbon Award (2008), the American Carbon Society Graffin Award (2005), American Physical Society Fellowship (1990), and visiting/honorary professorships in Nankai University, Yokohama City University, Shinshu University, Tokyo Science University, and (as a visiting scientist) in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. From 2003 to 2006 he was a member of the Solid State Sciences Committee of the US National Academy of Sciences. Peter enjoyed challenges. He was in his glory while interpreting the stories told by experimental data in partnership with his colleagues and research team of dedicated postdocs and students. Peter was admired all over the world for his creativity, his kindness, his engaging personality, his breadth of interests, his sensitive character and his quick wit. Several friends have shared their memories: Kumble Subbaswamy (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter, along with Karen, were the gentlest and most generous souls I have ever met. He picked up stray dogs and stray graduate students alike, nurturing them through sickness and health. I will never forget the hospice-like care he provided to one international student who worked in his lab, but succumbed to cancer. In his early days at Kentucky, when funds to support his research were very scarce, he made frequent visits to the military surplus store nearby and behaved like a kid in a candy store, bringing back all sorts of electrical and mechanical parts for his experiments. It is in no small measure due to this ability that he built such a successful career. Peter was without peer when it came to instrument design and fabrication. I mentioned to him, during my job interview at the University of Kentucky (where he arrived one year before me), my interest in studying the Raman spectra of molten alkali halides. Several months later when I arrived on campus, I was surprised to find he had constructed a beautifully crafted Raman chamber supporting a contactless molten sample! He had anticipated and addressed every possible complication.' Qihua Xiong (Nanyang Technical University, Singapore): 'Peter was a great mentor; he knew how to stimulate students to explore their full potential. Students could knock on his door with questions or with new data any time. He was always patient. He explained physics with his fountain pen on a notepad or with a marker on a white board until students understood. When students made mistakes, he never blamed the student, because he believed it is part of training to allow students to make mistakes. I once designed a mask adapter to connect our existing three-inch photomasks to Srinivas's four-inch mask aligner. The design looked beautiful and the machine shop did a perfect job to machine and polish the piece. Unfortunately, I made a stupid mistake. The central opening was slightly larger than the square vacuum groves behind the mask holder and as a result, it leaked! I was very disappointed in myself, as I not only wasted grant money but also delayed our experiment. Peter patted my shoulder, picked up a sharpie and wrote on the mask adapter, 'even great people make mistakes, but they learn.' So we machined another one, and it worked well. This failure piece still stands on my bookshelf. I keep it as a motto: it warns me not to make any mistakes like that, but more importantly it encourages me to be a supervisor like Peter.' Joe Brill (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter's occasional impetuousness and his love of physics are illustrated by the following anecdote. In December, 1979, I had just joined the faculty at the University of Kentucky, excited about the prospect of collaborating with Peter, who had arrived two years before. I was, therefore, dumbfounded when Peter abruptly announced his resignation to join IBM to do research on printer ink. After less than two days at IBM, however, he sheepishly asked to come back to the UK, explaining that he couldn't enjoy doing research that didn't involve 'h-bar'. His UK colleagues, who had not even had the chance to raid his lab, of course agreed with great amusement and relief. His joy and enthusiasm for physics remained contagious and unforgettable.' Milton Cole (Penn State University, USA): 'Somehow my very last conversation with Peter, two days before his death, typified the hundreds of conversations we had about science, or even philosophy. His first words after greeting me consisted of a hypothetical explanation of the physical mechanism of a new intravenous tube he was obliged to use. He conveyed on that occasion the very same excitement that he displayed years earlier when he volunteered to present a demonstration of electrical circuitry to a group of third-grade students. Those eight-year olds became as enthusiastic as Peter. It is no wonder that Peter was so admired and loved.' Jackie Bortiatynski (Penn State University, USA): 'I loved working with Peter on summer science camps for kids. He was creative, funny, brilliant, and an inspiration. I just don't know where he got all his energy. I will truly miss him as a colleague.' Toshiaki Enoki (Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan): 'Peter was very serious in his research work, but he also had an amiable personality with a very good sense of humour. I remember the occasion of a small international workshop, which was chaired by me in Ise, Japan in 1985. We had serious and intensive discussions in the scientific session, then in the evening we enjoyed an excursion and banquet in Ise, a small old town with a famous shrine named Ise Jingu. Peter romped out with joy wearing yukata (Japanese traditional night clothes) after taking a hot spring.' Robert Haddon (University of California, Riverside, USA): 'Peter was the driving force in creating a position for me at the University of Kentucky in 1997. After I joined Kentucky, we immediately focused on the large-scale synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes and we became one of a handful of research groups that could produce single-walled nanotubes in quantity. Soon after, we founded CarboLex and the university was awarded an NSF MRSEC on Advanced Carbon Materials. For most of the time that I spent at Kentucky, our research groups met as a unit and our collaboration greatly assisted me in making the transition to academia. Above all, Peter was a physicist in very much the same tradition as the great colleagues that I had been privileged to work with at the Bell Labs. Peter and Karen made me welcome in their home from the time I arrived in Lexington and I have fond memories of the time we spent together.' Photo Keith Williams (University of Virginia, USA): 'In 1993, Peter introduced me, in the dark, to his postdoc Apparao Rao, who was then doing Raman on C60 at Kentucky. I thought it was pretty interesting and that was how I began working for Peter. I was an exile from high-energy physics: the SSC had just been canceled and I had drifted in and out of biophysics and AMO and finally settled on Peter's brand of experimental nanomaterials physics. I immediately enjoyed Peter's ingenuity and his wonderful sense of humour. One aspect of Peter's character not widely appreciated by his students was his thrift: if something could be made, borrowed (with or without consent), or used after-hours then he always advocated that strongly. More than once, we got demo equipment, ran an all-nighter on it to collect data and then sent it back a day later. Almost nothing was bought off the shelf! Peter attributed these tendencies to his ancestry, and that was an unending joke between us. Of course, the strategy of making every penny count benefited me greatly in the long run, and last year I told him I had outdone him in my lab: almost everything was built from scratch, and everything else was on loan. He smiled a proud smile. On the personal side, however, Peter was always very generous; I fondly recall the dinners with him and Karen and the other students, their beloved dogs, with the Beach Boys inevitably playing in the background. Peter and Karen were wonderful to me and so many other students, and it didn't surprise me at all to learn that Peter's last scientific concern was that a proposal had been funded and that his students were going to be okay.' Kenichi Kojima (Yokohama City University, Japan): 'In 1997, Peter came to Yokohama as a Guest Professor at Yokohama City University to give his lectures to our graduate students. Peter was an excellent lecturer, of course. But when I played tennis with him for the first time, I found that he was an amazing tennis player as well. He hit the ball really hard, and his serves were amazingly fast. During his stay, Peter liked stopping over at a typical traditional Japanese-style pub for dinner by himself. One day he wanted to have a beer before dinner. However, he was not sure how to order draft beer in Japanese, and the manager of the pub did not understand English. He carefully listened to what the customers around him said when they ordered beer. He then said in a loud voice, 'Please give me a glass of mama beer.' In Japan, female servers in pubs are often called 'mama' by customers, and we call draft beer 'nama beer' because 'nama' means 'living' in Japanese. Probably 'nama' sounded like 'mama' to Peter. Later he proudly told me, with a happy smile, how he got a delicious draft Kirin beer. Peter loved not only science but also traditional Japanese culture. He was a polished person. I would like to show you the words written in his own hand in my visitor's book when he came to my home after playing tennis in 1997. May his soul rest in peace!' Photo Millie Dresselhaus (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA): 'At the time of Peter's entry into the study of sp2 carbons in 1974, the field was an eclectic area of science that only interested a small group of aficionados. Through his many contributions during the next 35 years as well as those of others, the field has grown dramatically, and now it is a major area of interest in condensed matter and materials physics worldwide. Working on joint projects together with Peter Eklund was both educational and enjoyable. In our joint efforts, I was responsible for the big picture, Peter was the master of experimental details and Gene Dresselhaus was the man responsible for getting things done well and on time. During the last 35 years of his life, starting from his postdoctoral period, we enjoyed a close working relation, especially for the first 25 of these years, overlapping with his stay at the University of Kentucky. As his career developed, our relationship changed from a postdoctoral advisor, to a collaborator, friend, and confidant. After his mother passed away I assumed the role of his 'second mother' as he called me. We remained very close personally, even though far away in location and despite his many other professional collaborators. Looking to the future, life without Peter will never be the same.' References [1] Dresselhaus M S, Dresselhaus G, and Eklund P C 1996 Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes (New York: Academic Press) [2] Eklund P C and Rao A M 1999 Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene-Polymer Composites (Springer Series in Materials Science vol 38) (Berlin: Springer) [3] Dresselhaus M S 1991 Recent advances in electronic materials Proc. of the 38th Sagamore Army Mater. Res. Conf. (Watertown, MA, Materials Technology Laboratory) ed Thomas V Hynes p 45 [4] Iijima S 1991 Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon Nature 354 56-8 [5] Rao A M, Richter E, Bandow S, Chase B, Eklund P C, Williams K W, Fang S, Subbaswamy K R, Menon M, Thess A, Smalley R E, Dresselhaus G and Dresselhaus M S 1997 Diameter-selective Raman scattering from vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes Science 275 187-91

  2. Fighting Angel:Reoccurrence of mirror and light——On fabrication of Pearl S.Buck's biography works%《战斗的天使》:重现的镜与灯——试论赛珍珠传记作品的虚构性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯郅玥

    2012-01-01

    As one of Pearl S.Buck's representative biography works,"Fighting Angel",highlights the real life description of Andrew,which includes his work,dream and even the whole spirit world depiction.Pearl S.Buck in the position of feminist perspective,illustrated the content of Andrew's life trace and Christian beliefs.The writer first reproduced the Andrew's real life in China,which is like seeing the image in the mirror;she also created this biography literature,combing her life experience,and made up some details in her point of view to express her father's scenes of life with the woman,family and religion's attitude that she can't experience them.Most of all,the part which the writer deliberately hid by many kinds of symbols,expressed the profound significance.%赛珍珠传记文学代表作《战斗的天使》着力表现了传主安德鲁真实的生活、工作、理想乃至整个精神世界。赛珍珠通过女性主义的立场向人们叙述了传主生命历程与精神信仰的内涵。作者以真实性为前提条件,通过镜像重现传主在华生活的历史轨迹;又结合本人生活体验进行虚构创作,在创作中以旁观者视角深入探寻,叙述了她未曾见证的安德鲁的历史事实。最为重要的是,作品往往采用看似随意、实则有意识的手法,通过"天使""生魂"等"症候性"变形符号表现出来,从而达到了形象塑造的全新高度,最终实现以安德鲁的虚构性内容为依托,展现作家自己内心的广大空间。

  3. View of Sima Qian' s Profound Criticism of Dark Feudal Regime Tyranny from Biography of Marquis Wei Qi and Wu An in Historical Records%司马迁对封建黑暗专制制度的批判——解读《史记·魏其武安侯列传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周虹云

    2011-01-01

    Biography of marquis Wei Qi and Wu An in Historical Records is a famous works about dark feudal regime tyranny of the Western Han Dynasty, written by Sima Qian. This book exposed the darkness of feudal regime tyranny and the brutal essence of ruling class by Wai Wei' s despicable acts, feudal aristocracy' s power struggles, bureaucratic snobbish, inconstancy of human and so on. It expressed Sima Qian' s profound criticism of reality.%《史记·魏其武安侯列传》是揭露西汉黑暗的封建专制制度的力作,司马迁从外戚的卑劣行径,封建贵族之间的争权夺利以及当时官场的势利、世态炎凉等不同侧面,有力揭示了封建专制制度的黑暗和统治阶级残酷暴虐的本质,表达了司马迁对现实的深刻批判。

  4. Two Questions in The Biography of Marquis Huaiyin of Historical Records and Discussion on Annotations of Selected Readings of Chinese History%《史记·淮阴侯列传》考释两则--以《中国历史文选》注释商榷为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔建华

    2014-01-01

    《史记·淮阴侯列传》中韩信“禽夏说阏与”,刘乃和主编《中国历史文选》认为夏说是“赵王歇属官”,阏与指的是阏氏侯冯解敢。其说不确。夏说应为代王陈余属官,阏与、阏氏对应不同的地域,不应混为一谈。%The Biography of Marquis Huaiyin of Historical Records has the sentence“Qin Xiayue Yanyu”, and the sentence in Selected Readings of Chinese History chiefly edited by Liu Nai is considered Xiayue as the subordinate of the king of Zhao, and even Yanyu as Feng Jie-gan with the title of Marquis Yanshi. These opinions are not correct. Xiayue should be the king of Dai Chenyu’ s subordinate, and Yanyu and Yanshi are different locations, hence, those should not be confused.

  5. 从落第士子到人世贤杰——论《柳毅传》中古代士子的人格修习%From Poor Scholars to Great Thinkers——on the Personality Cultivation of Scholars in Old Times from Biography of Liu Yi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何素平

    2015-01-01

    儒家文化是中国传统文化的主体 ,儒家理想人格是古代士人自我人格修习的准则 ,也是中国古代正面文学典型的人格形态.唐传奇《柳毅传》中以柳毅为代表的艺术形象 ,即是儒家"仁义礼智信""五常之道"人格理想的人生实践.%The Confucian culture is the main body of Chinese traditional culture and Confucian ideal personality is the criterion of ancient scholar's self -personality practice ,which is also the typical per-sonality in Chinese positive literature in ancient times.In Tang Chuan-qi's Biography of Liu Yi ,Liu Yi is the representative art figure ,that is ,Confucian ideal life practice——Benevolence ,Justice ,Cour-tesy ,Wisdom and Faith.

  6. 重构“知识”主题--埃柯历史编纂元小说对史传文学的“摹拟”%Reconstruction of Knowledge-The Mimicking Historical Biography of Eco’s Historiography Meta-fiction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璐

    2015-01-01

    现代主义拒斥宏大历史和宏大叙事,但是埃柯的历史编纂元小说却重拾过去成为历史的能力,为了道德目标而重新建立起寓言性的伟大故事。埃柯的小说《玫瑰的名字》、《傅科摆》和《昨日之岛》分别探讨了“禁锢”的知识、“穿凿”的知识以及“滥用”的知识,在这些小说中,埃柯通过对史传文学的“摹拟”,揭露了知识话语对历史文本的权力摄控。在拒绝深度的后现代,埃柯通过其小说创作重新发现了过去对现在、对未来的意义,并将其深刻的思考寄寓其中。%Postmodernism rejects grand history and grand narrative, but Eco’s historiography meta-fiction has regained the ability to make the past become history, in order to re-establish the great moral goal. Eco’s novel Name of the Rose, Foucault pendulum and Yesterday’s Island discussed the locking of knowledge, the far-fetched knowledge, and the abuse of knowledge. In the novels, by mimicking historical biography, Eco revealed knowledge discourse controls the history texts. Postmodern times refusing depth, but these novels rediscovered the past right now and put the profound thought in them.

  7. 对《东方的拿破仑--马占山将军传》的批判性翻译与考证%Eastern Napoleon-General Ma Zhanshan---A Critical Translation and Study of The Biography of Eastern Napoleon-General Ma Zhanshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    日本作家立花丈平的著作———『東洋のナポレオン馬占山将軍伝』从一个日本人的视角勾勒出了不顾蒋介石的不抵抗主义政策而进行武装抗日的马占山将军的传奇人生。立花丈平力求客观地把握马占山所处的历史环境、力求客观地评价马占山的所作所为,但还是出现了由于意识形态的不同而产生的一些偏见,在事件、时间、地点、人物、称谓等的记述上也存在与史实不符的误区和文字材料上的遗漏等问题。本文就立花丈平的这一著作中存在的问题逐一进行考证。%The Biography of Eastern Napoleon—General Ma Zhanshan by the Japanese writer Tachibana Johei depicts the legendary life of a righteous patriotic general,Ma Zhanshan, who determinedly fought the Japanese Army regardless of Chiang Kai Shek’s Non-resistance Policy in the certain historical context. Tachibana attempts to give an objective evaluation of Ma and his deeds in the special historic circumstance,but there appears some prejudice as well as some disagreement with the historic facts in event,time,place,character and title due to the differences in ideology. This pa-per tries to trace and rectify the errors in his book.

  8. Implicaciones del VIH/SIDA en la biografía de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la Ciudad de México Implications of AIDS on the biography of men with homoerotics practices in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Gallego-Montes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar los cambios en la configuración biográfica de un conjunto de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la era del sida. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se aplicó una encuesta retrospectiva durante el primer semestre de 2006 a una muestra intencional de 250 varones en la Ciudad de México. Con ellos fue posible reconstruir 633 historias de pareja ocurridas en diferentes momentos del tiempo. Por otro lado, tomando como base el comportamiento epidemiológico del VIH/SIDA en México, se construyeron tres cohortes de emparejamiento: "antes del sida" 1970-1984; 1985-1995 o periodo de "crecimiento exponencial" y 1996-2005 o de "estabilización" de la epidemia. RESULTADOS: Durante el periodo en estudio se encontró una menor exclusividad sexual y una menor duración en las relaciones de pareja, entre cohortes de emparejamientos. Este proceso ha sido documentado en otros lugares y se le ha llamado de "distensión sexual". CONCLUSIONES: El estudio aporta elementos para una historia social de la epidemia y el mejoramiento de políticas públicas de prevención en torno al VIH/SIDA.OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in the biography of men with homoerotic practices in the times of AIDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective (biographical survey was administered during the first semester of 2006 to 250 gay/homosexual men in Mexico City. Based on this survey, 633 couple stories, taking place in different time periods, were reconstructed. In addition, taking into account the epidemiologic behavior of HIV-AIDS in Mexico, three couple cohorts were defined as: "before AIDS" 1970-1984; period of "exponential growth" 1985-1995; and "stabilization period" 1996-2005. The 633 stories are distributed along these time-frames, taking the starting date of each relationship as the criterion. RESULTS: During the period of this study, less sexual exclusivity and shorter duration of sexual relationships were found among couple cohorts. The latter process has been

  9. Constructing and Engaging Biography: Considerations for High School English Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmondson, Jacqueline

    2012-01-01

    In contemporary contexts, young people are accustomed to life story; indeed, their lives are saturated with constructions of their stories and those of others, whether created by themselves or their "friends" on social networks. Multimedia outlets convey often detailed stories of more-famous others, whether celebrities or those experiencing…

  10. Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921- Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Fatih Yavuz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available he American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.

  11. West Creates Biography Of "Fritz Muller, A Naturalist In Brazil"

    OpenAIRE

    Harris, Sally L.

    2003-01-01

    Some caterpillars can adjust the color of their chrysalids, or pupae, from brown to green to camouflage them in their environment, so it's no wonder butterflies have evolved to mimic toxic butterflies to save themselves from predators.

  12. Biografia intelektualna Emila Ciorana (Emil Cioran's Intellectual Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Piechaczek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available On the formation of Cioran’s vision of the world and man, influenced largely his belonging to precisely this and no other nation. Romanian fatalism, inability to illusions, seeing the inevitable, the Romanian people’s faith in the fact that sin and creation are the same and constant accusations against this creation are the constitutiveelements of Cioran’s thought. Carrying the baggage of experiences of the nation thrown out of history and time, Cioran, as a Romanian emigrant in France, found the best model for his own writing in rhetorical and satirical tradition of the French moralists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, who were a combination of“lyrical sublimity and cynicism”, gentleness and hell. They showed him not only what is uncompromising in pursuing the motives of human action, looking at every thing from many different perspectives, or suspicion of any kind of doctrine, but they also became for him a model of style. Of all literary forms cultivated by moralists, Cioranappreciated most the fragment, that is to say a closed form, often paradoxical and witty that having nothing in common with the characteristic for large systems long strings of argument – that was a form of recording experience, and like this experience, assumed discontinuity. Being a spokesperson for the “philosophy of the onlymoments”, Cioran advocated not only against the system, but also against academic philosophy – grown with indifference, regardless of the state of mind, it seemed to him the result of reduction of vitality and a kind of escape into the impersonal world of unrest. State, which fully made Cioran realize the futility resorting to this kind of philosophy, was insomnia, from which the Romanian philosopher had suffered more or less since he was seventeen. According to the author of the Fall in the Time insomnia and boredom are the “minimum imbalance”, which we have to experience, when we want to get closer to some essential truths about man. However, the price that we pay for it, is to get overly heightened awareness and inability to re-engage in life. The “extreme sobriety of look” leads to skepticism, which in the twentieth century in the works of Romanian thinker has its most perfect expression.

  13. Restabilizing attachment to cultural objects. Aesthetics, emotions and biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzecry, Claudio E

    2015-12-01

    The scholarship on aesthetics and materiality has studied how objects help shape identity, social action and subjectivity. Objects, as 'equipment[s] for living' (Luhmann 2000), become the 'obligatory passage points humans have to contend with in order to pursue their projects (Latour 1991). They provide patterns to which bodies can unconsciously latch onto, or help human agents work towards particular states of being (DeNora 2000, 2003). Objects are central in the long term process of taste construction, as any attachment to an object is made out of a delicate equilibrium of mediators, bodies, situations and techniques (Hennion and his collaborators (Hennion and Fouquet 2001; Hennion and Gomart 1999). In all of these accounts objects are the end result of long-term processes of stabilization, in which the actual material object (a musical piece, a sculpture, an art installation, a glass of wine, the oeuvre of Bach as we know it) is both a result and yet a key co-producer of its own generation. Whereas the literature has been generous and detailed in exploring the processes of assembling and sustaining object-centered attachments, it has not sufficiently engaged with what happens when the aesthetic elements of cultural artifacts that have produced emotional resonance are transformed: what do these artifacts morph into? What explains the transition (or not) of different cultural objects? And relatedly, what happens to the key aesthetic qualities that were so central to how the objects had been defined, and to those who have emotionally attached to them? To answer these questions, this article uses as exemplars two different cases of attachment, predicated on the distinctive features of a cultural object--the transcendence of opera and the authenticity of a soccer jersey--that have undergone transformations.

  14. Biography, history and the Indonesian novel : Reading Salah Asuhan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Foulcher

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The novel Salah Asuhan (Wrong Upbringing, written by the Indonesian nationalist politician and journalist Abdoel Moeis, has long held an honoured place in the modern Indonesian literary canon. It was originally published in 1928 by Balai Poestaka, the Netherlands Indies government printing house, and by 1995 it had been reprinted twenty-three times. In summary form, it has been studied by generations of Indonesian schoolchildren, and in 1972 it was adapted by Asrul Sani as a successful feature film. Critics and historians of modern Indonesian literature have always regarded Salah Asuhan as a literary milestone. It is admired for the maturity of its author’s literary imagination, as well as the modernity of its language and style. In linguistic terms, it is seen as one of the pioneering literary expressions of the language which was designated as Bahasa Indonesia in the very year of the novel’s publication. It exercises an additional fascination for literary critics and historians because of the circumstances of its publication. The form in which it was originally written is now unknown, for the novel was only published after a lengthy delay and a series of revisions which the author made to the text after seeing his manuscript languish for more than a year under the scrutiny of Balai Poestaka’s editors. As a result, the original conception of Salah Asuhan remains a mystery. Indeed, it is one of the greatest puzzles in a literary history that is so full of documentary lacunae that its serious study remains a source of ongoing challenge and frustration.

  15. Science and controversy a biography of Sir Norman Lockyer

    CERN Document Server

    Meadows, A

    2008-01-01

    Sir Norman Lockyer left Nature, the world''s leading scientific journal, as his lasting memorial. But his life, and controversial theories, are an important part of science history. His ideas were at the forefront of public debate, and ranged from brilliant to perverse. This entertaining book is a fascinating insight into his eventful life

  16. Physics 1942 - 1962 including presentation speeches and laureates' biographies

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Yong

    1964-01-01

    Physics 1942 - 1962 presents Nobel Lectures on physics from 1942 to 1962. This book is 20 chapters that cover various Nobel physics subjects. The opening chapters deal with the topics of molecular ray methods, exclusion principle, quantum mechanics, the ionosphere, development of the Meson theory, interaction between high-speed nucleons and atomic nuclei, and the artificial production of fast particles. Other chapters discuss the principle of nuclear induction, research in nuclear magnetism, the discovery of phase contrast, statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics, the hydrogen atom

  17. Michael J. Holden, Commander, United States Navy: a biography

    OpenAIRE

    Holden, Michael J.

    1996-01-01

    I am assigned as Military Faculty to the Naval Postgraduate School Computer Science Department and am simultaneously pursuing my doctorate. Among other things, my research concerns Software Engineering and Control Software for the NPS Phoenix robot minisubmarine.

  18. Biography, history and the Indonesian novel : Reading Salah Asuhan

    OpenAIRE

    Keith Foulcher

    2005-01-01

    The novel Salah Asuhan (Wrong Upbringing), written by the Indonesian nationalist politician and journalist Abdoel Moeis, has long held an honoured place in the modern Indonesian literary canon. It was originally published in 1928 by Balai Poestaka, the Netherlands Indies government printing house, and by 1995 it had been reprinted twenty-three times. In summary form, it has been studied by generations of Indonesian schoolchildren, and in 1972 it was adapted by Asrul Sani as a successful featu...

  19. Professor Borje Kullenberg (1906-1991): Biography and bibliography

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sengupta, R.; Eriksson, G.

    and recorded the sound emitted by the dolphins-the first scientist to do so. This cruise was in preparation for the Swedish deep-sea expedition, arrangements for which were in progress then. The historical Albatross expedition, under the leadership of Hans...

  20. $\\pi$ a biography of the world's most mysterious number

    CERN Document Server

    Posamentier, Alfred S

    2004-01-01

    This enlightening and stimulating approach to mathematics will entertain lay readers while improving their mathematical literacy. We all learned that the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter is called pi and that the value of this algebraic symbol is roughly 3.14. What we weren't told, though, is that behind this seemingly mundane fact is a world of mystery, which has fascinated mathematicians from ancient times to the present. Simply put, pi is weird. Mathematicians call it a "transcendental number" because its value cannot be calculated by any combination of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and square root extraction. This elusive nature has led intrepid investigators over the years to attempt ever-closer approximations. In 2002, a Japanese professor using a supercomputer calculated the value to 1.24 trillion decimal places! Nonetheless, in this huge string of decimals there is no periodic repetition. In this delightful layperson's introduction to one of math's most interes...

  1. Biography of louis braille and invention of the braille alphabet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Javier; Olea, Jesús; Torres, Jesús; Alonso, Inmaculada; Harder, Dirk; Fischer, Konstanze

    2009-01-01

    Louis Braille (1809-1852) was born in France. At the age of three, he wounded his right eye with a cobbler's tool while playing in his father's workshop. No medical knowledge could save his eyesight at that time. Louis's left eye became inflamed, apparently due to subsequent sympathetic ophthalmia, and he eventually lost the sight in that eye. At the age of five, Louis Braille was completely blind. He is considered to be the inventor of a writing system by touch that bears his name, the Braille system. This revolutionary system has allowed blind people to access written culture, and it can therefore be considered a major advance in the quality of life for the blind. The immediate precursor of the invention of the Braille system was the alphabet created by Charles Barbier de la Serre (1767-1841) who created a language by touch designed for military and secret use. Louis Braille modified this alphabet into the Braille alphabet, which is practically the same one that is currently used. It required time to be recognized and to be implemented as a reading and writing method for blind people throughout the world. In 1950, UNESCO effectively universalized the Braille alphabet, and in 2005 it recognized Braille system as a "vital language of communication, as legitimate as all other languages in the world."

  2. Biography of Jack Holland (1926-2014: Chert expert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Engelbrecht

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jack was born and grew up in Lock Haven Pennsylvania, the son of William G. Holland and Florence (Davies Holland. He had an older brother, William and a younger brother, Donald. Jack spent much of his boyhood roaming the surrounding flood plains of the West Branch of the Susquehanna River looking for arrowheads. As Jack recalled, his parents gave him a great deal of freedom, just asking that he be home in time for dinner. Dr. T. B. Stewart, a Lock Haven dentist, encouraged Jack’s early archaeological interest, helping him to identify specimens. Dr. Stewart had an extensive archaeological collection and had worked with Donald Cadzow, Pennsylvania’s State Archaeologist (1929-1939. Dr. Stewart was also one of the founders of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology, an organization with which Jack would later become involved and that bestowed their J. Alden Mason Award on him as a professional who encouraged society members in the “proper pursuit of archaeology.” 

  3. Life History Approach: Biographies and psycho-societal Interpretation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2016-01-01

    -societal approach indicates the ambition of attacking the dichotomy of the social and the psychic, both in the interpretation procedure and in some main theoretical understandings of language, body and mind. My article will present the reflections on the use of life history based methodology in learning...... in intended as well as unintended learning, in formal education as well as in everyday life. Life histories represent lived lives past, present and anticipated future. As such they are interpretations of individuals’ experiences of the way in which societal dynamics take place in the individual body and mind......, either by the individual him/herself or by another biographer. The Life History approach was developing from interpreting autobiographical and later certain other forms of language interactive material as moments of life history, i.e. it is basically a hermeneutic approach. Talking about a psycho...

  4. Computer Cache. Celebrating Women: History, Biographies, and Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byerly, Greg; Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column shares a host of websites that feature resources about women in history, famous women, and women's contributions. These websites can be used all year long, as well as in conjunction with Women's History Month in March,

  5. Situated Learning in Young Romanian Roma Successful Learning Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Nicolae; Stanciu, Dorin; Vanea, Cornelia; Sasu, Virginia Maria; Dragota, Maria

    2014-01-01

    European Roma are often associated with social problems and conflicts due to poverty and low formal education. Nevertheless, Roma communities traditionally develop expertise in ethnically specific domains, probably by alternative, informal ways, such as situated learning in communities of practice. Although predictable, empirical evidence of…

  6. Biography and Discipline: Key Players in Simulation/Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikkawa, Toshiko; Crookall, David

    2011-01-01

    This issue of S&G is devoted to people--to the gamers who have made and are making the exciting discipline of simulation gaming possible. All disciplines that hope for a bright future must record their origins and development. This is particularity the case for a field as fuzzy and interdisciplinary as simulation/gaming. The symposium dedicated to…

  7. Learning in Life History - psycho-societal interpretation of biographies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2008-01-01

    Taking its point of departure from some critical remarks about some of the most important recent theorizing of learning, this article presents an alternative framework for theorizing learning as a subjective process in a social and societal context, based on life history research. The key concept...

  8. Becoming Intimate with Developmental Knowledge: Pedagogical Explorations with Collective Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica; Kummen, Kathleen; Thompson, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we draw on postfoundational frameworks to make visible the subjectification processes by which practitioners simultaneously master and become mastered by developmental theories. We emphasize the implication of the entire minded-body in the processes of the developmental worker formation. We show these processes through empirical…

  9. Physics 1922 - 1941 including presentation speeches and laureates' biographies

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Yong

    1965-01-01

    Physics presents Nobel Lectures on physics from the period of 1922 to 1941. This book is organized into 18 parts encompassing 36 chapters that cover various Nobel physics subjects. The first parts explore the advances in understanding the atom structure, experimental studies of electrons, X-ray spectra of the atomic structure, kinetic energy of free electrons, and discontinuous structure of matter. These topics are followed by discussions on the laws governing the thermionic phenomena, wave nature of electron, light molecular scattering, the development of quantum mechanics, properties of neut

  10. Shades of Venice in the Biography of Hegumen Pallady Rogovsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Yastrebov

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Pallady Rogovsky was the first Russian doctor of theology and philosophy. While a student of the Slavyano-Greek-Latin Academy directed by the Brothers Lichudes, he left his homeland for the West in order to obtain a full university education. The years which he spent in Europe and particularly in Italy have attracted little notice on the part of Church historians. The study of unpublished materials in Italian archives together with those already published by the Russian researcher E. Shmurlo from the archive of the Propaganda de Fide and the Greek College, which however, remain unnoticed for the great majority of academics, permit us to have an idea of what occupied Rogovsky during this time, as well as to draw a more precise portrait of his personality. Most remarkable is the fact of his priestly ordination in the Roman Catholic Church and the correspondence relating to Rome’s acceptance of his Russian Orthodox diaconal ordination. One of the most informative documents found among those relating to his ordination and addressed to the Roman Curia is the letter of a Russian Catholic, the deacon (later defrocked Petr Artem’ev, in which Artem’ev revealed that Rogovsky already had converted to Roman Catholicism before he left Russia. Equally noteworthy is Rogovsky’s own letter which he composed while in Venice and in which he formulated his plans for the propagation of Roman Catholicism in Russia

  11. Reviews Book: Marie Curie: A Biography Book: Fast Car Physics Book: Beautiful Invisible Equipment: Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Book: Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You Book: Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book: Seven Wonders of the Universe Book: Special Relativity Equipment: LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition Places to Visit: Edison and Ford Winter Estates Places to Visit: The Computer History Museum Web Watch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    WE RECOMMEND Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Fun fly stick introduces electrostatics to youngsters Special Relativity Text makes a useful addition to the study of relativity as an undergraduate LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition LabVIEW sets industry standard for gathering and analysing data, signal processing, instrumentation design and control, and automation and robotics Edison and Ford Winter Estates Thomas Edison's home is open to the public The Computer History Museum Take a walk through technology history at this computer museum WORTH A LOOK Fast Car Physics Book races through physics Beautiful Invisible The main subject of this book is theoretical physics Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You A guide to physics on the large and small scale Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book explores the mathematics behind chaotic behaviour Seven Wonders of the Universe A textual trip through the wonderful universe HANDLE WITH CARE Marie Curie: A Biography Book fails to capture Curie's science WEB WATCH Web clips to liven up science lessons

  12. Review of Ding Ling’s Biography Written by Li Xiangdong and Wang Zengru%“飞蛾扑火”者的精神雕像--评李向东、王增如的《丁玲传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈娇华

    2016-01-01

    李向东、王增如的《丁玲传》是最得丁玲神韵的一部传记,它精准地概括了丁玲孤傲、倔强和反抗的精神个性,并把这一精神个性特征贯穿到对其革命经历、文学创作及文坛交往等方面的阐述中。一方面,它细致地梳理和阐述了丁玲及其创作与革命的关系,以体现其精神个性,也呈现了20世纪中国革命与文学之间的错综复杂关系;另一方面,又通过对丁玲不同时期作品思想内蕴和人物精神的阐释,及对丁玲坚持不懈创作精神的发掘来体现其精神个性;同时,还从丁玲独特的精神个性角度及其所形成的对创作的执著精神和对革命的坚执信念等方面解读其与文坛的恩怨纠葛。而这些都是以一种质朴、平实和节制的写实风格呈现出来,这样一来,看似普通平实的传记书写实则蕴含着一种内在精神气韵,真正做到了深情而不纵情,平实而不平淡。%Ding Ling’s Biography written by Li Xiangdong and Wang Zengru expresses Ding Ling’s charm the most. It not only summarizes accurately Ding Ling’s solitary and proud, stubborn and rebellious spirit, but also impenetrate this spirit throughout her revolutionary experience, literary creation and contacting with others in the literary circle, and so on. On the one hand, it carefully combs and explains the relationship between Ding Ling and her creation and revolution and shows the complex relationship between Chinese revolution and literature in twentieth Century. And on the other hand, with the explanation of the ideological content and the spirit of the characters in Ding Ling’s works of different periods, and with the exploration of Ding Ling’s persistent spirit of writing, it shows Ding Ling’s spirit. Moreover, it also explains the feeling of gratitude or resentment in the literary circle from the perspective of Ding Ling’s unique spiritual personality which has formed her

  13. A Masterpiece which Displays the Spectacular Event of Library in Anhui Province---On The Biography of Bibliophile in Anhui%展现安徽藏书盛况的一部力作--《安徽藏书家传略》读后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏蕾

    2014-01-01

    The private collection of books in China has a history of two thousand years,which plays a u-nique role in the history of culture.As a center of literature,Anhui province has attracted much atten-tion from Han and Tang Dynasties to modern times for its culture of collection of books.What's more,a large quantity of respectable scholars who have unmatched love for collection of books have appeared during this period.The Biography of Bibliophile in Anhui,which is written by Liu Shangheng and Zheng Ling,is based on the grand collection of books in Anhui.The book reveals the abundant cultural heritage and historical connotations in Anhui,it takes the time and regions as clues to list more than 500 bibliophiles from the Han Dynasty to modern times in Anhui,and describes the life story ,the story of collection of books and the academic ideas of more than ten bibliophiles with appropriate details,illustra-tion and well organization .The book has a high academic and literature value ,meanwhile,it allows us to catch a glimpse of the long history of the culture of private collection of books in Anhui,therefore,it is a masterpiece which displays the spectacular event of library in Anhui province.%中国的私家藏书有2000多年的历史,它在文化史上占有独特的地位,安徽作为文献之邦,其藏书文化历来备受世人瞩目,从汉唐讫至近代,涌现了一大批酷爱藏书的文人志士,久为世重。刘尚恒、郑玲两位先生基于安徽的藏书盛况编撰《安徽藏书家传略》,该书以时间和地域为线索,罗列了从汉朝至近代安徽的500多位藏书家,并详细介绍了十余位主要藏书家的生平事迹、藏书事迹、学术思想等,详略得当,图文并茂,条理清晰,具有很高的学术价值和文献价值,完美彰显了安徽作为文献之邦的丰厚的文化底蕴和历史内涵,也让我们有幸窥探了安徽私家藏书文化的源远流长,不愧是展现安徽藏书盛况的一部力作。

  14. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Varol

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : le récit de voyage, le récit exemplaire, le traité sur les us et coutumes, les mémoires romancées, les proverbes. On y trouve aussi des éléments très ottomans comme le journal personnel, tenant compte des menus faits, des dépenses et des rentrées, dont P. Dumont et F. Georgeon (1985 ont montré qu’il s’agissait d’une habitude ottomane bien utile comme source d’information historique. L’auteur se livre dans cette œuvre à une critique acerbe et comique des pesanteurs du système ottoman, qui font obstacle à toute initiative, mais il critique aussi les raideurs communautaires qui pèsent comme un carcan sur l’initiative personnelle, l’inadaptation des structures et, partant, l’inefficacité des stratégies mises en place pour survivre par les individus. Cependant, son œuvre révèle en creux une certaine nostalgie pour le monde disparu. On perçoit l’admiration du héros et son attachement à certaines valeurs de ce monde ancien, et l’on ne peut s’empêcher de lui donner raison lorsqu’on mesure ce que les communautés juives ont perdu avec la disparition de l’Empire ottoman.The fictionalized autobiography of Eliya Karmona How Eliya Karmona was born, how he grew up and how he became the director of Djugetón casts a critical eye on the tribulations of a young Jewish man in the last years of sultanate from 1884 to 1908. In sarcastic mode, with self-irony, he builds on his disappointments a picaresque novel which conforms to the law of the genre, but which has common features with other aspects of genres cultivated by Spanish Jews: accounts of travel, exemplary narratives, the treatise on the ways and customs, the fictionalized remembrances, the proverbs. Very Ottoman elements are also found there, like the private diary recounting minor deeds expenditure and receipts, which have shown concerned an Ottoman practice very useful as a source of historical information. The author has a sharp and comical critical view of gravity of the Ottoman system which obstructs every initiative, but he also criticizes the communal inflexibility which heavily constrains personal initiative, the inadaptability of the structures and consequently the ineffectiveness of the strategies put in place by individuals to survive. Nevertheless his work indirectly reveals a certain nostalgia for the vanished world. One perceives the hero’s admiration and his attachment to certain old world values, and one cannot refrain from admitting that he is correct when one measures what the Jewish communities have lost with the disappearance of the Ottoman empire.

  15. Faulkner: A Biography. By Joseph Blotner. New York: Random House, 1974. Faulkner: A Biography. By Joseph Blotner. New York: Random House, 1974.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eileen Klink

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Until the publication of The Sound and the Fury, October 7, 1929, William Faulkner knew more rejection than acceptance. Sartoris, published early the same year, had received mixed reviews, and Faulkner was "disappointed and discouraged by its reception" (Blotner: 236. However, The Sound and the Fury granted him his first taste of critical acclaim and international fame; he was heralded as a new Euripides, and his book was compared with Greek tragedy. Until the publication of The Sound and the Fury, October 7, 1929, William Faulkner knew more rejection than acceptance. Sartoris, published early the same year, had received mixed reviews, and Faulkner was "disappointed and discouraged by its reception" (Blotner: 236. However, The Sound and the Fury granted him his first taste of critical acclaim and international fame; he was heralded as a new Euripides, and his book was compared with Greek tragedy.

  16. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    OpenAIRE

    Marie-Christine Varol

    2012-01-01

    L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...

  17. 2012 NCME Election of Board of Directors Candidate Biographies (in Alphabetical Order According to Position)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article profiles the candidates for the 2012 NCME election of board of directors. This includes the candidates for the office of the vice president and positions representing testing organizations and members at-large.

  18. E. A. C. L. E. (Ted Scheipe (1924-1985 — a biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. G. H. Oliver

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Prof. E.A.C.L.E. Scheipe was born in Durban on 27 July 1924 and died in Cape Town on  12 October 1985. He studied at the University of Natal and at Oxford, England. He was awarded an M.Sc. (S. Afr. for a thesis on the ecology of the Natal Drakensberg and a D. Phil. (Oxon. for a thesis on the ecology of bryophytes. For a brief period he was Curator of the Fielding Herbarium, Oxford. In  1953 he was appointed Lecturer in Botany at the University of Cape Town, until in  1973 he was awarded a full professorship (ad hominem and the title of Director of the Bolus Herbarium. Here he established a school of taxonomy and promoted  22  theses. His main fields of research were the taxonomy and phytogeography of Pteridophyta (especially African groups and of Orchidaceae.He has  112 publications to his credit and collected over 7 000 numbers in various regions of Africa, in Europe and the Himalayas. He was a keen gardener and was active in several societies promoting horticulture, orchidology and nature conservation. He was a member of several scientific committees and was repeatedly honoured for his work.Three children were born from his marriage to Sybella Gray, also a botanist.

  19. Frederik Petrus Koumans, 1905-1977, a biography and a tentative list of his biological papers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boeseman, M.

    1978-01-01

    On Wednesday 27 April 1977, my predecessor as a curator of fishes at the Leiden Museum, Dr. F. P. Koumans, after a short illness, rather unexpectedly passed away at the age of 72. Considering his rôle as a staff member of the Museum and the importance of his contributions to science, the publication

  20. American Prometheus. The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A definitive portrait of legendary scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the ''father'' of the atomic bomb, discusses his seminal role in the twentieth-century scientific world, as well as his lesser-known roles as family man, supposed communist, and head of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies. ''American Prometheus'' is a rich evocation of America in mid-century and a compelling portrait of scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a man shaped by its major events--the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War. (orig.)

  1. What the Butler Saw: Lee Daniels's Studies in Biography and History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    The movie "Lee Daniels' The Butler" is an example of a work that is meant not only to entertain but to convey an important attitude and offer important viewpoints. The movie deals with a deep issue in the history of movies and the history of the country: racial inequality. Three issues are discussed in this article: (a) African…

  2. Mexican and Mexican-American Literature for the Junior High School. Short Story, Novel, Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Jose Unified School District, CA.

    Mexican and Mexican American literature for use with existing literature programs is presented in this curriculum guide for junior high school instruction. Purposes of the guide are to improve instruction for both Mexican American students and those of other ethnic backgrounds and to emphasize that American history and literature should be…

  3. Appunti per la biografia linguistica dei miei figli (Notes for a Linguistic Biography of My Children).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francescato, Giuseppe

    1978-01-01

    This article discusses the linguistic background of two Italian children who lived with their parents for an extended period of time in Holland and for a brief time in Puerto Rico and spent vacations in Italy where their relatives spoke the dialects of Veneto and Friuli. (CFM)

  4. Changing social patterns of relation to work - Qualitative approach through biographies and group interviews

    OpenAIRE

    Vendramin, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    This report gathers the analyses that have been conducted in each country in the framework of the SPREW project (social patterns of relationship to work)in a common qualitative approach, consisting in a total of 163 narrative interviews and 18 group interviews. A common methodological design supports this in-depth empirical study. The first chapter proposes a synthesis overview of all contributions. The report provides a renewed perspective on the meaning of work for different generations

  5. Boekbespreking van Klaus Taschwer und Benedikt Föger, 'Konrad Lorenz. Eine Biographie'.

    OpenAIRE

    Thoomes, D.T.

    2008-01-01

    Het historisch onderzoek van het bruine verleden van Konrad Lorenz levert een treurig beeld op. De bedenkelijke levenswandel van Lorenz behoeft voor beoefenaren van de ethologie natuurlijk niet te dienen als contrabewijs voor diens wetenschappelijke bijdrage, maar doet wel beseffen dat originaliteit in de wetenschap soms samengaat met duistere en opportunistische motieven.

  6. Modes of rationality in nursing documentation: biology, biography and the 'voice of nursing'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Abbey; Treacy, Margaret P; Scott, P Anne; Butler, Michelle; Drennan, Jonathan; Irving, Kate; Byrne, Anne; MacNeela, Padraig; Hanrahan, Marian

    2005-06-01

    This article is based on a discourse analysis of the complete nursing records of 45 patients, and concerns the modes of rationality that mediated text-based accounts relating to patient care that nurses recorded. The analysis draws on the work of the critical theorist, Jurgen Habermas, who conceptualised rationality in the context of modernity according to two types: purposive rationality based on an instrumental logic, and value rationality based on ethical considerations and moral reasoning. Our analysis revealed that purposive rationality dominated the content of nursing documentation, as evidenced by a particularly bio-centric and modernist construction of the workings of the body within the texts. There was little reference in the documentation to central themes of contemporary nursing discourses, such as notions of partnership, autonomy, and self-determination, which are associated with value rationality. Drawing on Habermas, we argue that this nursing documentation depicted the colonisation of the sociocultural lifeworld by the bio-technocratic system. Where nurses recorded disagreements that patients had with medical regimes, the central struggle inherent in the project of modernity became transparent--the tension between the rational and instrumental control of people through scientific regulation and the autonomy of the subject. The article concludes by problematising communicative action within the context of nursing practice. PMID:15892722

  7. What about Albert Einstein? Using Biographies to Promote Students' Scientific Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingon, Joan C.; Fingon, Shallon D.

    2009-01-01

    Who hasn't heard of Einstein? Science educators everywhere are familiar with Einstein's genius and general theory of relativity. Students easily recognize Einstein's image by his white flyaway hair and bushy mustache. It is well known that Einstein was a brilliant physicist and an abstract thinker who often used his creativity and imagination in…

  8. Biografias e movimentos de luta por terra em Pernambuco Biographies and land claim movements in Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo C. Rosa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a contribuição das chamadas "lutas por terra" para a produção de novas formas de significação social na região da Zona da Mata de Pernambuco. Por meio da análise de entrevistas com militantes dos diversos movimentos que organizam ocupações de terra na região, foi possível compreender que, além da posse de um pedaço de terra, tais organizações criam condições inéditas para a transformação dos seus líderes em figuras de destaque nas instâncias políticas dos pequenos municípios da região, contribuindo assim para a modificação das estruturas tradicionais de poder.This paper analyzes the contribution of so-called 'land struggles' in the creation of new forms of 'social meaning' in a sugar plantation region of the Brazilian Northeast. Analysis of interviews with militants from various movements coordinating land occupations in the region reveals that, as well as supporting rural people's access to land, these organizations enable their leaders to become prominent figures in local urban politics, thereby contributing to the modification of traditional power structures.

  9. Features of the biography novel in A. Zegers narrative "Meeting in the Way"

    OpenAIRE

    Leonova Natalya Sergeevna

    2016-01-01

    The article examines a special genre of literature, namely the genre of literary criticism. It is shown that the author can in different ways attract the reader’s attention to his poetics and aesthetic program. German writer A. Zegers is one of the outstanding masters of socialist realism. This article discusses the story «Meeting in the Way», taken from one of the last works of the writer – the book «Strange meeting» («Sonderbare Begegnungen», 1972). For example, the story of A. Zegers revea...

  10. Features of the biography novel in A. Zegers narrative "Meeting in the Way"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonova Natalya Sergeevna

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article examines a special genre of literature, namely the genre of literary criticism. It is shown that the author can in different ways attract the reader’s attention to his poetics and aesthetic program. German writer A. Zegers is one of the outstanding masters of socialist realism. This article discusses the story «Meeting in the Way», taken from one of the last works of the writer – the book «Strange meeting» («Sonderbare Begegnungen», 1972. For example, the story of A. Zegers revealed the use of a special artistic technique, borrowed from another genre of literature – a biographical novel. Multiworldness and layering worlds portrayed in the story cause its originality as the reader is easy to get lost in the world of fiction created by A. Zegers, that flows into the realities of her characters. The purpose of this technique is to analyze the poetics of three writers who, no doubt, influenced the author. Literary criticism – a special kind of creativity, less stringent in the estimates, more emotional and confidence in relation to the subject of critical study. On the basis of research the author revealed genre features writing literary criticism and discusses biographical elements used to represent the fictitious world of art.

  11. A biography of arsenic and medicine in Hong Kong and China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, W Y

    2011-12-01

    Arsenic trioxide has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 5000 years, but lost its appeal due to its toxicity. It was rediscovered in western medicine and enjoyed a renaissance from 1830 to 1930, as the first effective chemotherapy against syphilis, parasites and leukaemia. These years were also a time of political turmoil in China. The Nanking treaty (29 August 1842) turned Hong Kong into a colony, while the Xinhai Revolution (10 October 1911) gave birth to a republic of China. Arsenic returned to China and Hong Kong with the establishment of the first medical schools from 1887 to 1920. Until 1950, oral arsenic trioxide was the standard anti-leukaemic treatment in Queen Mary Hospital. The advent of alkylating chemotherapeutic agents replaced arsenic trioxide in Hong Kong and around the world. In the 1970s, however, the specific activity of arsenic trioxide against acute promyelocytic leukaemia was re-discovered during the Cultural Revolution in Harbin, China. In 1997, Hong Kong was returned to China. In the same year, arsenic trioxide returned to the world stage. Intravenous arsenic trioxide became the worldwide standard therapy for relapsed acute promyelocytic leukaemia. Oral administration of arsenic trioxide was revived in Hong Kong in 2000. This resulted in the first locally produced, registered, patented prescription drug in Hong Kong. Pending imminent manufacture, this product is poised to revolutionise acute promyelocytic leukaemia care and may hold the key to saving the lives of acute promyelocytic leukaemia patients worldwide. The remarkable journey of arsenic in the setting of medical history of China and Hong Kong is reviewed. PMID:22147326

  12. Barbara Caine. Bombay to Bloomsbury, a Biography of the Strachey Family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain BLAYAC

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available On trouve dans l’histoire de la littérature anglaise de grandes familles d’écrivains (les Brontë, plus près de nous les soeurs Mitford etcS mais aucune n’atteint la richesse et l’originalité de  la famille Strachey riche de dix enfants également partagés entre frères et sœurs et tous aussi exceptionnels les uns que les autres dans leurs activités personnelles. L’ouvrage présent introduit une famille hors norme ;  selon Leonard Woolf, ‘much the more remarkable family I have ever known, an ext...

  13. Review Essay: Auto/Biography as Method: Dialectical Sociology of Everyday Life

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2002-01-01

    Our Lives as Databases ist das Produkt eines Forschungsprojekts, in dem die teilnehmenden Autoren das kollektive Schreiben und Analysieren ihrer Autobiographien als Medium zum Praktizieren akademischer Soziologie benutzen. In diesem Beitrag beschreibe ich die Struktur und den Inhalt dieses ungewöhnlichen und sehr interessanten Buches und stelle meine Lesart anhand der exemplarischen Analyse eines der Kapitel dar. Obwohl der Herausgeber des Sammelbandes überzeugend für das kollektive Schreiben...

  14. Von Prag nach New York Hans Kohns (1891-1971) intellektuelle Biographie

    OpenAIRE

    Langeheine, Romy

    2013-01-01

    Hans Kohn (1891-1971) continues to be considered as a founding father of the academic research on and interpretation of nationalism. In more than thirty books and hundreds of articles he outlined his theory of this worldwide phenomenon. His theory is well-known as the so called “Kohn Dichotomy”. Based on the main categories of West and East, understood as metaphors and not geographic locations, he differentiated between two forms of nationalism: The Western model, based on the ...

  15. It came from outer space wearing an RAF blazer! a fan's biography of Sir Patrick Moore

    CERN Document Server

    Mobberley, Martin

    2013-01-01

    To British television viewers, the name ‘Patrick Moore’ has been synonymous with Astronomy and Space Travel since he first appeared on The Sky at Night in 1957. To amateur astronomers he has been a source of inspiration, joy, humour and even an eccentric role model since that time. Most people know that his 55 years of presenting The Sky at Night is a world record, but what was he really like in person?  What did he do away from the TV cameras, in his observatory, and within the British Astronomical Association, the organisation that inspired him as a youngster? Also, precisely what did he do during the War Years, a subject that has always been shrouded in mystery? Martin Mobberley, a friend of Patrick Moore’s for 30 years, and a former President of the British Astronomical Association, has spent ten years exhaustively researching Patrick’s real life away from the TV cameras. His childhood, RAF service, tireless voluntary work for astronomy and charity and his endless book writing are all examined in...

  16. The olmec hatchet: biography and landscape; El hacha olmeca: biografia y paisaje

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaime R, O

    2003-07-01

    All study of archaeological characterization parts of the macrostructure of the materials. For the above-mentioned, in our methodology it has preceded the physical description of this materials and their registration. Once inspected and studied the macrostructure of our corpus of information it is necessary to analyze it but it details using several techniques whose scale of work reaches the mineral proportions. To characterize the rock type we use the X-ray diffraction technique. The first problem that we had presented in our investigation was to know the rock type of most of our samples of axes. At macroscopic level we had received different assignments to the same rock: it was said that it was calcareous rock, shale, until it was suggested that it was a clay: caolinite. The diagnostic was made by different geologists. To leave the ambiguity I decided to carry out the analysis of X-ray diffraction. By this way we characterized our material. The problem had consisted of that the rocks had gone for a diagenetic process. When being per millennia under swamp conditions and sour floors, the rocks had lost temper in their external aspect, with what they looked like another type of rocks. The rocks are made up of minerals that in turn they are made up of atoms. The minerals are crystalline solids in the nature and it is possible to analyze them through the X rays. So that it can identify the crystalline organization of the minerals which are those that constitute a rock, it is necessary that the contained electrons in the atoms should be excited so that then they can liberate that energy and being able to read the pattern that they form. This study carries out by means of an electronic microscope of variable pressure Jeol model marks 5900 and another one carries out microanalysis for EDS by means of a detecting Oxford ISIS. This analysis gives us the existent elements in the sample. It was carried out the observation and taken of images of their topography, as well as microanalysis in different areas, mapping and lineal analysis to observe the distribution of the elements. The information is presented in the following way: 1. Pictures of the surface of the sample to low and high amplification. 2. Analysis of a first area presented in an X ray spectrum. 3. Quantitative analysis of the present elements. 4. Mapping of the distribution of the elements in the sample by means of images in colors. 5. Analysis on line to observe the variation of the elements in the sample. 6. In some cases an image is presented with the variation of some element in the case of particles or incrustations. 7. Comparison of spectra in two different areas. For the sample two analysis in different areas were carried out. In this work too, the Moessbauer spectroscopy was carried out to each one of the samples of the different iron minerals to compare with the results of Pires-Ferreira and the one analysis of the minerals of iron of Chalcatzingo of the project of David Grove.(Author)

  17. Hermann Haken from the laser to synergetics : a scientific biography of the early years

    CERN Document Server

    Kröger, Bernd

    2015-01-01

    Hermann Haken (born 1927) is one of the “fathers” of the quantum-mechanical laser theory, formulated between 1962 and 1966, in strong competition with American researchers. Later on, he created Synergetics, the science of cooperation in multicomponent systems. The book concentrates on the development of his scientific work during the first thirty-five years of his career.   In 1970 he and his doctoral student Robert Graham were able to show that the laser is an example of a nonlinear system far from thermal equilibrium that shows a phase-transition like behavior. Subsequently, this insight opened the way for the formulation of Synergetics. Synergetics is able to explain, how very large systems show the phenomenon of self-organization that can be mathematically described by only very few order parameters. The results of Haken’s research were published in two seminal books Synergetics (1977) and Advanced Synergetics (1983).    After the year 1985 Haken concentrated his research on the macroscopic found...

  18. Gender and Professionalism in Law: The Challenge of (Women’s Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Jane Mossman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the story of a woman who “created” her life in the law in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Although now almost unknown, Cornelia Sorabji achieved prominence as a woman pioneer in the legal profession, who provided legal services to women clients in northern India, the Purdahnashins. Sorabji’s experiences as a woman in law were often similar to the stories of other first women lawyers in a number of different jurisdictions at the end of the nineteenth century: all of these women had to overcome gender barriers to gain admission to the legal professions, and they were often the only woman in law in their jurisdictions for many years. Yet, as Sorabji’s story reveals, while ideas about gender and the culture of legal professionalism could present formidable barriers for aspiring women lawyers, these ideas sometimes intersected in paradoxical ways to offer new opportunities for women to become legal professionals. In exploring the impact of gender and legal professionalism on Sorabji’s legal work, the paper also suggests that her story presents a number of challenges and contradictions that may require new approaches to gender history so as to capture the complexity of stories about women lawyers. Cet article examine l’histoire d’une femme qui a «créé» sa vie dans le domaine du droit à la fin du dix-neuvième et au début du vingtième siècles. Quoique présentement presque inconnue, Cornelia Sorabji a acquis une certaine renommée comme femme pionnière dans la profession juridique qui offrait des services juridiques à des femmes clientes dans le nord de l’Inde, les Purdahnashins. Les expériences de Mme Sorabji en tant que femme dans le domaine du droit ressemblaient souvent aux récits d’autres premières femmes avocates sur un nombre d’autres territoires à la fin du dix-neuvième siècle : ces femmes devaient toutes surmonter des barrières sexistes pour être admises à la profession juridique, et elles étaient souvent la seule femme à exercer le droit sur leur territoire pendant de nombreuses années. Pourtant, comme le fait voir l’histoire de Mme Sorabji, quoique les idées reliées au sexe de l’individu et la culture de professionnalisme légal pouvaient constituer des obstacles formidables pour les femmes qui aspiraient à devenir avocates, ces idées parfois se croisaient de manières paradoxales de façon à créer de nouvelles occasions aux femmes de devenir des professionnelles du droit. En examinant l’impact du sexe de l’individu et du professionnalisme légal sur le travail légal de Mme Sorabji, l’article suggère en plus que son histoire présente un nombre de défis et de contradictions qui pourraient nécessiter de nouvelles approches à l’histoire vue en rapport au sexe de l’individu afin de saisir la complexité des récits au sujet de femmes avocates.

  19. Visual Auto/biography, Hysteria, and the Pedagogical Performance of the "Real."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesford, Wendy S.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses Mindy Faber's autobiographical video as an allegory of contradictory interpretations of female hysteria as both a theater of femininity and feminist revolt. Provides an analysis of the resonance between student responses to "Delirium" (her auto/biographical video about her mother's long battle with mental illness) and contemporary…

  20. Biography of Aureal T. Cross: World class coal geologist, palynologist, paleobotanist and educator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phillips, Tom L. [Department of Plant Biology, School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

    2007-01-02

    An Ohioan by birth, June 4, 1916, in Findlay, Hancock County, Aureal T. Cross grew up an Iowan on a dairy farm near Waterloo at Castle Hill. He was the second of five children of Congregational Minister Raymond W. and Mrs. Myra Jane Coon Cross. Aureal's grade school education was mostly in a one-room school at Castle Hill, then to East Waterloo, junior high and high school, where music was as important as farm work before and after classes. On a history and music scholarship at Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Aureal was drawn to L. R. Wilson's physical geology course and the summer reconnaissance trips. Graduating from Coe College in 1939 with an honors thesis on pollen analysis, Aureal completed his Masters in 1941 and a PhD thesis in 1943 at the University of Cincinnati with J. H. Hoskins on Pennsylvanian age plants from coal-balls. During 1942-1946 he taught premedical U.S. Navy students at the University of Notre Dame with a 1943-1944 leave as a National Research Council Fellow. Aureal and Christina Aleen Teyssier met during 1943 in Pittsburgh and married in 1945. Aureal replaced K. E. Caster, his paleontology mentor, for three and one half years (1946-1949) in the Geology Department at Cincinnati, and did field mapping for the Ohio Geological Survey during the summers. Cross established (1949-1957) productive graduate training and research programs in the West Virginia University Geology Department and the West Virginia Geologic and Economic Survey where he had dual appointments. His move (1957-1961) to Exploration Geology, at Amoco's Pan American Petroleum Corporation Research Center in Tulsa, Oklahoma, permitted him to develop and supervise a major palynological research group. The return to academia (1961) at Michigan State University in East Lansing resulted in one of the most comprehensive graduate training programs in paleobotany, palynology, biostratigraphy and paleoecology in North America. Although Aureal Cross officially retired in 1986, he has continued research projects, publication of manuscripts, attends professional meetings with Aleen, and has kept in touch with several generations of his students as well as with many colleagues. He has received numerous awards, none more deserved than those recognizing his outstanding contributions as a teacher, coal geologist, and paleobotanist. (author)

  1. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona

    OpenAIRE

    Varol, Marie-Christine

    2012-01-01

    L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...

  2. Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomic physicist and messenger of culture 1868-1951. A biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arnold Sommerfeld is beside Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and Max Planck one of the founders of modern atomic and quantum theory. His career began in the 1890th years at the University of Goettingen, the world center of mathematics of that time. Since 1906 he created on the professorship for theoretical physics at the Munich university one of the most important schools of science, the students of which are well-known theorists of the atomic era like as the Nobel-price winners Hans Bethe, Peter Debye, Wolfgang Pauli, and Werner Heisenberg. He also developed far beyond his subject an unprecedented impact. He travelled as ''messenger of culture'' in many countries in order to advertise in the years after the first world war for the reputation of Germany as culture nation. By the nationalsocialism the Munich ''nursery of theoretical physics'' however was prepared an inglorious end, because Sommerfeld counted for a ''main propagandist of Jewish theories''. By the example of this life of a physicist also the eventful history of a whole subject.

  3. Residential self-selection in travel behavior: Towards an integration into mobility biographies

    OpenAIRE

    Scheiner, Joachim

    2014-01-01

    The debate on residential self-selection (RSS) in the travel field seeks to answer the question of whether and to what extent spatial differences in traveling may be explained in spatial terms or to what extent, rather, they are explained by the unequal spatial distribution of people’s social and personal characteristics, particularly their neighborhood and travel preferences. Arguing primarily from a European—specifically, German— perspective, this paper makes a case for integrating the RSS-...

  4. A short biography of Joseph Fourier and historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2012-07-01

    The profound study of nature is the most fertile source of mathematical discoveries. Not only does this study, by offering a definite goal to research, have the advantage of excluding vague questions and futile calculations, but it is also a sure means of moulding analysis itself, and discerning those elements in it which it is still essential to know and which science ought to conserve. These fundamental elements are those which recur in all natural phenomena. Joseph Fourier pure mathematics enables us to discover the concepts and laws connecting them, which gives us the key to the understanding of the phenomena of nature. Albert Einstein This article deals with a brief biographical sketch of Joseph Fourier, his first celebrated work on analytical theory of heat, his first great discovery of Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Included is a historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms with their properties, importance and applications. Special emphasis is made to his splendid research contributions to mathematical physics, pure and applied mathematics and his unprecedented public service accomplishments in the history of France. This is followed by historical comments about the significant and major impact of Fourier analysis on mathematical physics, probability and mathematical statistics, mathematical economics and many areas of pure and applied mathematics including geometry, harmonic analysis, signal analysis, wave propagation and wavelet analysis. Special attention is also given to the Fourier integral formula, Brownian motion and stochastic processes and many examples of applications including isoparametric inequality, everywhere continuous but nowhere differentiable functions, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Dirichlets' theorem on primes in arithmetic progression, the Poisson summation formula and solutions of wave and diffusion equations. It is also shown that Fourier coefficients c n (t) in the Fourier expansion of a scalar field ψ(θ, t) satisfy equations of the simple harmonic motion.

  5. Missing Citations, Bulking Biographies, and Unethical Collaboration: Types of Cheating among Public Relations Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auger, Giselle A.

    2013-01-01

    Students cheat. For the field of public relations, which continually struggles for credibility, the issue of student cheating should be paramount, as the unethical students of today become tomorrow's practitioners. Through a survey of 170 public relations majors, this study examined the importance students place on the Public Relations Society of…

  6. Kenneth S. Norris: Naturalist, Cetologist & Conservationist, 1924-1998: An Oral History Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Reti, Irene H.

    1999-01-01

    The Regional History Project conducted a series of interviews with Kenneth S. Norris, UCSC Professor of Natural History Emeritus, in the spring and summer of 1998. Halfway through the interviews, Norris, who had been in poor health, was hospitalized unexpectedly and died on August 16, 1998. Rather than publish an incomplete set of his edited interviews, the project was reconceived. We interviewed a group of his colleagues and former students who could discuss many of the topics the interviewe...

  7. Scientist in the field of construction materials and chemistry Kostyantin G. Dementyev: new information to biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitaliy Tatarchuk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on various written sources, the article presents the new biographic information about Kostyantin G. Dementyev (1864–1916, scientist who worked in the branch of construction materials and chemistry, Director of Kyiv Polytechnic Institute of Emperor Alexander II in 1908–1911. In particular, attention is drawn to activity of Kostyantin G. Dementyev after his discharge from KPI and leaving Kyiv. There is provided more detailed information regarding the terms and specific of his work in Don Polytechnic Institute of Tsesarevich Alexei (Novocherkassk, The Province (Oblast of the Don Cossack Host in 1911–1914, where his promising undertakings were not fulfilled because of his health problems that led to the conflict with the Institute administration and his dismissal. In the article the circumstances of activity of Kostyantin G. Dementyev in Sengiley (Simbirsk province in 1914–1916 – at the First district cement plant– are also reproduced. He was at the head of construction of the cement plant, where production of high quality cement was launched. He was also managing initial works on the plant on production of sulfuric acid, liquid chlorine, chloric lime in Sengiley The new materials that has not been known to researchers before are introduced into scientific circulation.

  8. A biography of an invasive terrestrial slug : the spread, distribution and habitat of Deroceras invadens

    OpenAIRE

    John Hutchinson; Heike Reise; David Robinson

    2014-01-01

    The article reviews distribution records of Deroceras invadens (previously called D. panormitanum and D. caruanae), adding significant unpublished records from the authors’ own collecting, museum samples, and interceptions on goods arriving in the U.S.A. By 1940 D. invadens had already arrived in Britain, Denmark, California, Australia and probably New Zealand; it has turned up in many further places since, including remote oceanic islands, but scarcely around the eastern Mediterranean (Egypt...

  9. A biography of an invasive terrestrial slug: the spread, distribution and habitat of Deroceras invadens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Hutchinson

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article reviews distribution records of Deroceras invadens (previously called D. panormitanum and D. caruanae, adding significant unpublished records from the authors’ own collecting, museum samples, and interceptions on goods arriving in the U.S.A. By 1940 D. invadens had already arrived in Britain, Denmark, California, Australia and probably New Zealand; it has turned up in many further places since, including remote oceanic islands, but scarcely around the eastern Mediterranean (Egypt and Crete are the exceptions, nor in Asia. Throughout much of the Americas its presence seems to have been previously overlooked, probably often being mistaken for D. laeve. New national records include Mexico, Costa Rica, and Ecuador, with evidence from interceptions of its presence in Panama, Peru, and Kenya. The range appears limited by cold winters and dry summers; this would explain why its intrusion into eastern Europe and southern Spain has been rather slow and incomplete. At a finer geographic scale, the occurrence of the congener D. reticulatum provides a convenient comparison to control for sampling effort; D. invadens is often about half as frequently encountered and sometimes predominates. Deroceras invadens is most commonly found in synanthropic habitats, particularly gardens and under rubbish, but also in greenhouses, and sometimes arable land and pasture. It may spread into natural habitats, as in Britain, South Africa, Australia and Tenerife. Many identifications have been checked in the light of recent taxonomic revision, revealing that the sibling species D. panormitanum s.s. has spread much less extensively. A number of published or online records, especially in Australia, have turned out to be misidentifications of D. laeve.

  10. 陈凯歌生平与创作年表%Chen Kaige's Biography and Filmography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾磊磊

    2006-01-01

    陈凯歌,原名陈皑鸽,原籍福建长乐,1952年生于北京。1970年参军。1974年转业,在北京电影洗印厂当工人。1978年考入北京电影学院导演系,1982年毕业后分配到北京儿童电影制片厂任导演,次年调到北京电影制片厂。1987年赴美国进修,1990年回国。导演电影作品有:

  11. [The Hygienist Karl Roelcke, M.D. (1907-1982). Annotations to the family biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildenberger, Florian G

    2016-01-01

    Volker Roelcke, the well-known historian of medicine, wrote a biographical sketch on his father's role in National Socialism. Karl Roelcke (1907-1982) was an important hygienist at the University of Heidelberg and assistant to Ernst Rodenwaldt (1878-1965). Attempts to discuss the Nazi issue with his father directly ended unsuccessfully in the 1970s. In his essay of 2014, Volker Roelcke portrayed his father as quite sophisticated, but did not mention all aspects of his work. The present essay therefore offers new insights into the person of Karl Roelcke which are not constrained by family interests. PMID:27263217

  12. Giulio Mongeri, an Architect Efficient in the Building of Capital City Ankara and his Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damla Çinici

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study is about Giulio Mongeri (1873 – 1951 who was the architect of Ottoman Bank (1926, Ziraat Bank (1926 – 1929, Monopolies Chief Directorate (1928 and Türkiye İş Bank (1929 buildings in Ankara in the first years of the Republic. Giulio Mongeri was one of the architects prominent in architectural activities both in the last years of Ottoman Empire and first years of the Republic and undertook an effective role in the architectural understanding of the next generation by raising the architects of the future as an instructor of the Academy of Fine Arts. In the study, it is aimed to gain especially the sketches and photos obtained from his diary and not published anywhere else to the scientific world as a new contribution to the knowledge in the available publications. Giulio Mongeri himself, his family and environs in which he was raised, his personality and attitude as a trainer have been appraised in the light of new information. The buildings of Mongeri in Ankara have been studied comparatively with the other buildings in Ankara in this period and an attempt is made to assess the differences in his approach.

  13. A biografia e sua instrumentalidade educativa The biography and its educational instrumentality

    OpenAIRE

    Jonaedson Carino

    1999-01-01

    O presente artigo trata do gênero biografia, associando-o à educação por meio de um pressuposto: o de que as construções biográficas contêm uma instrumentalidade educativa, podendo ser apreciadas no contexto de uma pedagogia do exemplo. Parte integrante dos estudos de seu autor que culminaram em tese de doutoramento na UFRJ, o trabalho contém uma síntese histórica da trajetória do gênero biográfico segundo periodização proposta por Madelénat, além de apresentar uma fundamentação teórica de an...

  14. “Learning discourse”: learning biographies, embedded speech and discoursal identity in students' talk

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Robert

    2001-01-01

    The main research question of this study is: What discourses of learning and identity do students develop in relation to their individual learning histories, their experience of learning and of knowledge-acquisition in the HE environment, and how critically reflective are students of the positioning enacted through the dominant discourses of the HE environment with particular regard to institutional discourses of academic learning and knowledge? Rationale: The university is seen as a ...

  15. Stories we teach by: intersections among faculty biography, student formation, and instructional processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooper, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Becoming a professional who embodies certain dispositions is known as identity formation. Little research has explored what intentions educators hold for student identity formation or how such intentions influence their teaching. Nine faculty members (all female) in an occupation-centered curriculum were interviewed and observed over 8 weeks. Data were analyzed primarily through narrative writing and data matrixes. Ultimately, educators in this study taught who they were; each personified an implicit curriculum, which conveyed the kind of people students were to become and the ways of knowing they were to adopt through the culture, artifacts, rituals, and modes of communication within a program. In the formation of self-defining professionals who embody occupational therapy's ethos, equal attention is needed to the biographical experiences of faculty members, to thoughtful design of the implicit curriculum, and to the ways of knowing portrayed to students every day in the classroom.

  16. Analysis of Servant Leadership: An Interpretive Biography of a Prominent Leader in Proprietary Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negron, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Values and ethical behaviors in corporate higher education are perceived to be deteriorating, with some leaders accused of financial mismanagement and corruption. Servant leadership has the potential to address these value-related problems but has not been studied in the for-profit environment. The purpose of this qualitative, single-case study…

  17. Uranium: War, Energy and the Rock That Shaped the World; Uranium: la biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zoellner, T.

    2009-07-01

    Having traveled extensively through the savannah of Africa, the mountains of Eastern Europe, and the deserts of Utah, the author delves into the complex science, politics and history of uranium, which presents the best and worst of mankind: the capacity for scientific progress and political genius; the capacity for nihilism, exploitation, and terror. Because the author covers so much ground, from the discovery of radioactivity, through the development of the atomic bomb, he does not go into great depth on any one topic. Nonetheless, he paints vivid pictures of uranium's impact, including forced labor in Soviet mines and lucky prospectors who struck it rich in harsh environments, the spread of uranium smuggling, as well as an explanation of why it was absurd to claim that Saddam Hussein was attempting to purchase significant quantities of uranium from Niger. The only shortcoming is the author's omission of the issue of radioactive wastes generated by nuclear power. The author knows well what uranium looks like, why peril pulses in its every atom, and how scientists exploit its nuclear volatility. The drama is found in the weaponry uranium has spawned as demonstrated at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In pursuit of this raw power, the U.S. let Navajos die extracting needed ore and let southwestern cities sicken beneath clouds from reckless testing. The Soviet Union sentenced tens of thousands to lethal gulag mines. Israel diverted ore through deception on the high seas. Pakistan stole European refining technology. Alive with devious personalities, the author's narrative ultimately exposes the frightening vulnerability of a world with too many sources of a dangerous substance and too little wisdom to control it

  18. The biography and biology of liberty: Abraham Kuyper and the American experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Witte, Jr.

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In part because of Johan van der Vyver’s pioneering work, Abraham Kuyper, the Dutch theologian, educator, journalist, and politician, is well-known in South Africa. This article examines the lesser-known relationship between Kuyper's political theology and American law and politics. Kuyper praised American constructions of religious liberty and pluralism, separation of church and state, and free association and political pluralism. In Kuyper’s view, these were the political fruits of an historical Calvinism that needed to be restored to political respectability if the American experiment was to live up to its promise. While taking much of Kuyper’s point, this article argues that Kuyper both overstated the Calvinist contributions to the American experiment, and failed to appreciate the unique covenantal theology that informed the Puritan Calvinist legal and political contributions that were made. Two illustrations of this influence are offered: (I how the Puritans' emerging theology o f liberty of covenant contributed to American views of religious liberty; and (2 how the Puritans’ emerging sociology of covenants o f liberty contributed uniquely to American views of social and political pluralism.

  19. [Biography-oriented diagnostics in counselling of patients with chronic illness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darmann-Finck, Ingrid; Sahm, Martina

    2006-10-01

    The article examines two concepts of counselling of patients by nurses that are popular in the German-speaking area with regard to their underlying scientific standpoint and ideals and their implications on counselling-process and -result. The authors determine that both concepts disregard the biographic construction processes which are so important for coping with and tackling chronic illness. The article concludes with a discussion of prospective use of biographic diagnostics in counselling of patients with chronic illness. PMID:17051514

  20. A biography of arsenic and medicine in Hong Kong and China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, W Y

    2011-12-01

    Arsenic trioxide has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 5000 years, but lost its appeal due to its toxicity. It was rediscovered in western medicine and enjoyed a renaissance from 1830 to 1930, as the first effective chemotherapy against syphilis, parasites and leukaemia. These years were also a time of political turmoil in China. The Nanking treaty (29 August 1842) turned Hong Kong into a colony, while the Xinhai Revolution (10 October 1911) gave birth to a republic of China. Arsenic returned to China and Hong Kong with the establishment of the first medical schools from 1887 to 1920. Until 1950, oral arsenic trioxide was the standard anti-leukaemic treatment in Queen Mary Hospital. The advent of alkylating chemotherapeutic agents replaced arsenic trioxide in Hong Kong and around the world. In the 1970s, however, the specific activity of arsenic trioxide against acute promyelocytic leukaemia was re-discovered during the Cultural Revolution in Harbin, China. In 1997, Hong Kong was returned to China. In the same year, arsenic trioxide returned to the world stage. Intravenous arsenic trioxide became the worldwide standard therapy for relapsed acute promyelocytic leukaemia. Oral administration of arsenic trioxide was revived in Hong Kong in 2000. This resulted in the first locally produced, registered, patented prescription drug in Hong Kong. Pending imminent manufacture, this product is poised to revolutionise acute promyelocytic leukaemia care and may hold the key to saving the lives of acute promyelocytic leukaemia patients worldwide. The remarkable journey of arsenic in the setting of medical history of China and Hong Kong is reviewed.

  1. Diablotin Pterodroma hasitata: a biography of the endangered Black-capped Petrel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Theodore R.; Lee, David S.; Haney, J. Chris

    2013-01-01

    The Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata was believed extinct throughout much of the 20th century. It is the only gadfly petrel currently known to breed in the Caribbean Basin. Now seriously endangered, the species is presumed extirpated from Martinique, Dominica, and Guadeloupe, and breeding populations currently occur only on Hispaniola and perhaps Cuba. A related form (now considered a full species) once bred, but is now apparently extinct, on Jamaica. The Black-capped Petrel breeding population may number as few as 500 breeding pairs. Remaining populations suffer from multiple threats to terrestrial and pelagic habitats, including harvest by humans and predation by introduced mammals. The exact sizes, locations, and detailed chronologies of all Black-capped Petrel breeding sites remain poorly studied, although major colonies are today apparently restricted to steep sea and inland cliffs along the La Selle Ridge in Hispaniola. The largest known breeding population occurs in Haiti, although there is continued discussion about a possible breeding site in Cuba in the Sierra Maestra mountain range. Accounts from Cuba are based on the unverified assumption that birds observed at sea just offshore of that island are breeding locally.

  2. Combining Activism and Intellectualism: the Biography of Mohammad Natsir (1908-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusril Ihza Mahendra

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Natsir is one of Indonesia's leading Islamic figures of the century. His figure is not only known by the people of Indonesia, but also by the world community, especially the Islamic world. Throughout his life, Natsir actively involved in various movements, whether they are social, political, scientific, and religious.Aside from being a powerful activist, Natsir also a respected intellectual figure. Through interaction with Ahmad Hassan, Agus Salim, and other figures, Natsir have started engaging intellectual debate since adolescence. Natsir wrote many articles in the fields of political, social, religious, and philosophical. He also became one of the principal framers of the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia. Unlike the secular Muslims, Natsir continue to believe that Islam could be the basis of the state. Meanwhile, different from the Muslim protagonist, Natsir also believe that Islam does not have a particular political system preferences. Islam only provide general principles to be applied in a particular political system that is tailored to the situation and his time. Thus, Islam and Pancasila still can go hand in hand, because of the unity between Islam and Pancasila occurs at the level of ideas.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i1.844

  3. Modes of rationality in nursing documentation: biology, biography and the 'voice of nursing'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Abbey; Treacy, Margaret P; Scott, P Anne; Butler, Michelle; Drennan, Jonathan; Irving, Kate; Byrne, Anne; MacNeela, Padraig; Hanrahan, Marian

    2005-06-01

    This article is based on a discourse analysis of the complete nursing records of 45 patients, and concerns the modes of rationality that mediated text-based accounts relating to patient care that nurses recorded. The analysis draws on the work of the critical theorist, Jurgen Habermas, who conceptualised rationality in the context of modernity according to two types: purposive rationality based on an instrumental logic, and value rationality based on ethical considerations and moral reasoning. Our analysis revealed that purposive rationality dominated the content of nursing documentation, as evidenced by a particularly bio-centric and modernist construction of the workings of the body within the texts. There was little reference in the documentation to central themes of contemporary nursing discourses, such as notions of partnership, autonomy, and self-determination, which are associated with value rationality. Drawing on Habermas, we argue that this nursing documentation depicted the colonisation of the sociocultural lifeworld by the bio-technocratic system. Where nurses recorded disagreements that patients had with medical regimes, the central struggle inherent in the project of modernity became transparent--the tension between the rational and instrumental control of people through scientific regulation and the autonomy of the subject. The article concludes by problematising communicative action within the context of nursing practice.

  4. Little Mosie from the Margaree: A Biography of Moses Michael Coady.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welton, Michael R.

    This book examines the life of the Reverend Moses Michael Coady (1890-1959), a Roman Catholic priest who led the Antigonish Movement. During the Antigonish Movement, residents of the small maritime town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, worked to achieve a nonviolent alternative to communism and fascism and to effect the social and economic…

  5. The Emotional Knots of Academicity: A Collective Biography of Academic Subjectivities and Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charteris, Jennifer; Gannon, Susanne; Mayes, Eve; Nye, Adele; Stephenson, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    The highly imagined and contested space of higher education is invested with an affectively loaded "knowledge economy optimism". Drawing on recent work in affect and critical geography, this paper considers the e/affects of the promises of the knowledge economy on its knowledge workers. We extend previous analyses of the discursive…

  6. Scientific method, history, Darwinism and laicism: a Giovanni Jervis's intellectual biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Gilberto; Sirgiovanni, Elisabetta

    2012-01-01

    Some authors marked a change of perspective from the early to the late Jervis's thought, in terms of a supposed turn towards conservatism. That laid him open to criticism from some Leftist Italian intellectuals. The aim of this paper is to show that conservatism never was a Jervis's thought feature. Mainly, subjects and methods leading the development of his philosophical views suggest a continuity between earlier writings and later ones. All over his thought, in fact, the idea of preeminence of scientific method and historical contextualization convinced him about naturalistic approaches to human behavior, which came to support his Darwinism and laicism in approaching socio-psychological and socio-political issues.

  7. Biography of a technology: North America's power grid through the twentieth century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohn, Julie A.

    North Americans are among the world's most intense consumers of electricity. The vast majority in the United States and Canada access power from a network of transmission lines that stretch from the East Coast to the West Coast and from Canada to the Mexican Baja. This network, known as the largest interconnected machine in the world, evolved during the first two thirds of the twentieth century. With the very first link-ups occurring at the end of the 1890s, a wide variety of public and private utilities extended power lines to reach markets, access and manage energy resources, balance loads, realize economies of scale, provide backup power, and achieve economic stability. In 1967, utility managers and the Bureau of Reclamation connected the expansive eastern and western power pools to create the North American grid. Unlike other power grids around the world, built by single, centrally controlled entities, this large technological system emerged as the result of multiple decisions across eighty-five years of development, and negotiations for control at the economic, political, and technological levels. This dissertation describes the process of building the North American grid and the paradoxes the resulting system represents. While the grid functions as a single machine moving electricity across the continent, it is owned by many independent entities. Smooth operations suggest that the grid is a unified system; however, it operates under shared management and divided authority. In addition, although a single power network seems the logical outcome of electrification, in fact it was assembled through aggregation, not planning. Interconnections intentionally increase the robustness of individual sub-networks, yet the system itself is fragile, as demonstrated by major cascading power outages. Finally, the transmission network facilitates increased use of energy resources and consumption of power, but at certain points in the past, it also served as a technology of conservation. While this project explores the history of how and why North America has a huge interconnected power system, it also offers insights into the challenges the grid poses for our energy future.

  8. Field guide to research on seven roles of women: focussed biographies.

    OpenAIRE

    Oppong C; Church K

    1981-01-01

    ILO pub-wep pub. Working paper presenting a classification scheme for the social roles of women, intended to assist field workers in data collecting and data analysis relevant to the understanding of a range of demographic aspects and employment issues - suggests a framework of role behaviour (incl. Homemaker, parent, occupation, kinship and community role, etc.), And considers role strain, mental stress, expectations and conflict. Bibliography p. 52..

  9. Genius in the shadows a biography of Leo Szilard, the man behind the bomb

    CERN Document Server

    Lanouette, William

    2013-01-01

    Well-known names such as Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Edward Teller are usually those that surround the creation of the atom bomb. One name that is rarely mentioned is Leo Szilard, known in scientific circles as "father of the atom bomb." The man who first developed the idea of harnessing energy from nuclear chain reactions, he is curiously buried with barely a trace in the history of this well-known and controversial topic.Born in Hungary and educated in Berlin, he escaped Hitler's Germany in 1933 and that first year developed his concept of nucle

  10. Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine G. Akers

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Academic research libraries are quickly developing support for research data management (RDM, including both new services and infrastructure. Here, we tell the stories of how eight different universities have developed programs of RDM support, focusing on the prominent role of the library in educating and assisting researchers with managing their data throughout the research lifecycle. Based on these stories, we construct timelines for each university depicting key steps in building support for RDM, and we discuss similarities and dissimilarities among universities in motivation to provide RDM support, collaborations among campus units, assessment of needs and services, and changes in staffing.

  11. [The Hygienist Karl Roelcke, M.D. (1907-1982). Annotations to the family biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildenberger, Florian G

    2016-01-01

    Volker Roelcke, the well-known historian of medicine, wrote a biographical sketch on his father's role in National Socialism. Karl Roelcke (1907-1982) was an important hygienist at the University of Heidelberg and assistant to Ernst Rodenwaldt (1878-1965). Attempts to discuss the Nazi issue with his father directly ended unsuccessfully in the 1970s. In his essay of 2014, Volker Roelcke portrayed his father as quite sophisticated, but did not mention all aspects of his work. The present essay therefore offers new insights into the person of Karl Roelcke which are not constrained by family interests.

  12. Astronaut Biography Project for Countermeasures of Human Behavior and Performance Risks in Long Duration Space Flights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Akeem

    2012-01-01

    This final report will summarize research that relates to human behavioral health and performance of astronauts and flight controllers. Literature reviews, data archival analyses, and ground-based analog studies that center around the risk of human space flight are being used to help mitigate human behavior and performance risks from long duration space flights. A qualitative analysis of an astronaut autobiography was completed. An analysis was also conducted on exercise countermeasure publications to show the positive affects of exercise on the risks targeted in this study. The three main risks targeted in this study are risks of behavioral and psychiatric disorders, risks of performance errors due to poor team performance, cohesion, and composition, and risks of performance errors due to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm. These three risks focus on psychological and physiological aspects of astronauts who venture out into space on long duration space missions. The purpose of this research is to target these risks in order to help quantify, identify, and mature countermeasures and technologies required in preventing or mitigating adverse outcomes from exposure to the spaceflight environment

  13. The Financial Biography of an Economist: Income, Saving, and Wealth (Mostly Pension Wealth)

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald G Bodkin; Kathleen M Day

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we examine the consumption behavior of a single twentieth-century economist (Bodkin) over the course of his academic career. We find that the consumption behavior of Bodkin, a long-time student of the consumption function, does not conform to any of the standard models over the entire 1958–2000 period. Instead, we observe a shift from “Keynesian” to life-cycle behavior in response to a court decision that changed Bodkin’s long-term employment income prospects, a finding that len...

  14. Making Room For Ghosts: Memory, History and Family Biography on Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerreen Ely-Harper

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the role of documentary in memory transmission aimed at uncovering and redressing past legacies. It explores how memories on film are performed and interpreted on film with reference to my documentary, Close To The Bone (Ely-Harper, 2012. It also looks at the contribution documentary film can make to locating, preserving, transforming and protecting autobiographical memories and social histories.

  15. THE BIOGRAPHY OF JÁNOS NAGYVÁTHY - THE FIRST HUNGARIAN AGRICULTURAL WRITER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gábor LUKÁCS

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available 210 years ago Nagyváthy János published the first systematic, agricultural trade book, called ’Diligent Farmers’ in Hungarian in Pest. This outstanding person of our agricultural history was born on 19th January 1755, in Miskolc. After leaving the Protestant secondary grammar school in Miskolc, he studied law and theology in Sárospatak. At the Protestant secondary grammar school in Losonc he became a ’Subrector’, that is, the the teacher of poetry. Due to a serious illness affecting his eyes he left this job and went to Pest for medical treatment. During the long therapy he visited the lectures of Mitterpacher Lajos, who was the most excellent theoratical agricultural specialist in the country. In 1782 he took military service for four years, in the Duka cavalry regiment, where he reached the rank of a captain and he was garrisoned in Belgium, Italy and Austria. As a commisariat officer he got to know the more developed agriculture of Europe, and it was at that time that he studied agricultural technical literature. In 1786 he had a relapse of his eye disease therefore he left the army and tried to find a cure in Vienna. Here he got acquainted with Jordán Péter, director of the domains of the court, who employed him as an assistant. During the time he spent in the domain of Vöslau, he could completed his academic knowledge with practical experience. In 1788 he moved to Pest where he made friends with Kazinczy, Batsányi, Verseghy and Széchenyi Ferenc, who were the representatives of the most progressive group of nobility. He became the member of the ’Magnanamitas’ Masonic Lodge. In 179o he published four pamphlets anonymously called ’ The change of religion’, ’Civil prediction from the stars’, ’The red friend’, ’Hours of joy in the life of a true Hungarian patriot’. In 1791 he published ’The diligent farmer’ in two volumes on 1213 pages recommending it to the ’sweaty Hungarian farmer’. In this book he wrote about all his experience and the regularities regarding animals and plants discovered by the developing sciences. His main source is ’Elementa rei rusticae’ by Mitterpacher but he also mentioned 51 different books as sources, (34 of them in the section about plant cultivation. Plant cultivation had the same importance and number of pages as in the work of Mitterpacher but animal husbandry had twice as many pages. He wrote about the breeding of all farm animals but it was not the chapters on animal husbandry that pointed ahead but his remarks to help the rationalization of farming and the fact that he wrote about plant cultivation and animal husbandry as a whole. The book made him well-known in the country. He was offered the post of a land steward by Széchenyi Ferenc and Festetics György. Accepting the latter he moved to Keszthely and he took over the management of the domain of 162ooo acres. The earl left the army at that time and started to restore his neglected domain. Nagyváthy’s main task was to improve farm management. He introduced strict accountancy and applied double-entry book-keeping for the first time and Hungary and his main principle was to put down all farming activities in writing. The farm managers were not suitable for this task so he convinced Festetics to found a school for them and an other secondary grammar school in the other centre of the domain in Csurgó. By 1797 the condition of the domain improved significantly and the Earl founded ’Georgikon’ the first agricultural college in Europe though without the land steward who favoured the idea of enlightment (the court in Vienna would not approve it. After the expiration of his contract he retired and moved to Csurgó, where he inspected the secondary grammar school as a secular inspector. He spent the last 22 years of his life here ’hard working in respectable poverty’. He died on 13th February 1819 (according to other sources on 24th. His posthumous books are as follows: ’Hungarian housewife on the farm’ (182o, ’Hungarian Practicus Cultivator’ (1821, ’Hungarian Practicus Breeder’ (1822

  16. Following People Through Time: An Analysis of Individual Residential Mobility Biographies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coulter, R.; Van Ham, M.

    2013-01-01

    Marie Curie programme under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / Career Integration Grant n. PCIG10-GA-2011-303728 (CIG Grant NBHCHOICE, Neighbourhood choice, neighbourhood sorting, and neighbourhood effects). The life course framework guides us towards investigating ho

  17. A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF PROFESSOR L.C. HSU In celabration of Professor Hsu for his 80's birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Tianxiao

    2000-01-01

    @@L.C. Hsu (Lizhi Xu), advisor, Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica ; Honorary Director, Institute of Applied Mathematics, Dalian University of Technology; Honorary Chairman, Department of Mathematics, Huazhong University of Sicence and Technology; Editor-in-Chief, Approximation Theory and Its Applications; Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Mathematical Research &- Exposition; Edotor-in-Chief, Mathematical Methodology Se ries, Jiangsu Education Press; and Learned Advisor, Liaoning University. Prof. Hsu de votes himself to the study of mathematics and has obtained various noteworthy results in the fields of asymptotics, approximation, numerical analysis, combinatorics, and mathe matical methodology, etc.

  18. Authorship in the interstices of history, biography, reality and memory: Histoire(s du Cinema and Cabra Marcado para Morrer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Sayad

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo contrasta Histoire(s du cinéma de Jean-Luc Godard e Cabra Marcado Para Morrer de Eduardo Coutinho, estão engajadas com a questão da autoria no cinema. Enquanto a imagem de Godard enfatiza a capacidade que tem um filme de transmitir a visão de mundo pessoal de um artista, a presença de Coutinho na tela funciona menos como um meio de subjetivar a obra do que como um catalizador instigando cetas reações nos "atores" filmados.

  19. Beyond The ERP Implementation Study: A New Approach To The Study Of Packaged Information Systems: The Biography Of Artifacts Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Pollock, N.; Williams, Robin

    2009-01-01

    Scholarship addressing the social and organizational issues surrounding enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems is blossoming. However, many of these studies produce unhelpful readings of the characteristics of ERP and its implications for organizations. The typical ‘ERP implementation case study’ has been given undue emphasis within Information Systems (IS) research. Often influenced by constructivist frameworks and qualitative methodologies, including Actor Network Theory and...

  20. Spaces, mobilities and youth biographies in the New Sweden : Studies on education governance and social inclusion and exclusion

    OpenAIRE

    Lindgren, Joakim

    2010-01-01

    The main theme of this thesis is the relation between education governance and social inclusion and exclusion. Overall the thesis is based on a life history approach were biographical interviews with young people are complemented with other contextual data such as survey data, longitudinal statistics, interviews with local politicians and school actors and local reports. Data were generated in three Swedish areas: a rural area in the North, an advantaged segregated area, and a disadvantaged s...

  1. Montage of a Queering Deferred: Memory, Ownership, and Archival Silencing in the Rhetorical Biography of Langston Hughes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers, Ian

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the intersection of archival privilege and heteronormative bias in the queering of Langston Hughes. Although it has been a common belief in LGBTQ communities that Hughes was gay, the battle over how his sexuality is defined in various biographical texts involves broader issues of dominant representations of sexuality and who gets to speak for those no longer able to speak for themselves. As such, the article examines the texts Looking for Langston and The Life of Langston Hughes as well as the discourses that surrounded both. Through this case study, it is apparent that there are still numerous cultural challenges posed to historical queering and that scholars must take an inventive approach to overcome them.

  2. The Noscapine Chronicle: A Pharmaco-Historic Biography of the Opiate Alkaloid Family and its Clinical Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rida, Padmashree C G; LiVecche, Dillon; Ogden, Angela; Zhou, Jun; Aneja, Ritu

    2015-09-01

    Given its manifold potential therapeutic applications and amenability to modification, noscapine is a veritable "Renaissance drug" worthy of commemoration. Perhaps the only facet of noscapine's profile more astounding than its versatility is its virtual lack of side effects and addictive properties, which distinguishes it from other denizens of Papaver somniferum. This review intimately chronicles the rich intellectual and pharmacological history behind the noscapine family of compounds, the length of whose arms was revealed over decades of patient scholarship and experimentation. We discuss the intriguing story of this family of nontoxic alkaloids, from noscapine's purification from opium at the turn of the 19th century in Paris to the recent torrent of rationally designed analogs with tremendous anticancer potential. In between, noscapine's unique pharmacology; impact on cellular signaling pathways, the mitotic spindle, and centrosome clustering; use as an antimalarial drug and cough suppressant; and exceptional potential as a treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome, strokes, and diverse malignancies are catalogued. Seminal experiments involving some of its more promising analogs, such as amino-noscapine, 9-nitronoscapine, 9-bromonoscapine, and reduced bromonoscapine, are also detailed. Finally, the bright future of these oftentimes even more exceptional derivatives is described, rounding out a portrait of a truly remarkable family of compounds. PMID:26179481

  3. Biography of the First Year: A Case Study Integrating Psychoanalytic, Cognitive-Developmental and Mother-Infant Systems Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Marc D.

    1988-01-01

    Describes the personality development of a normal infant during the child's first year. Development is interpreted in terms of psychoanalytic, cognitive-developmental, and mother-infant systems perspectives. A working relationship among the theories is demonstrated through analysis of case material. (RJC)

  4. "Is English Also the Place Where I Belong?": Linguistic Biographies and Expanding Communicative Repertoires in Central Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zentz, Lauren

    2015-01-01

    This article employs the term "communicative repertoire" in order to highlight that when one learns any new "language", one introduces new communicative resources into a unified communicative repertoire. As repertoires represent such singular "grammars" in individuals' minds, learned communicative resources can…

  5. Hermann Oldenberg and the Historical Imperative: Writing a Biography of Gautama Buddha from Nineteenth-Century Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Eduardo García Fernández

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the second half of the nineteenth century Buddhism was well known as a religion among academic and literary circles in Europe. However, the variety of doctrinal versions and texts from different Buddhist schools posed a dilemma for the pioneering scholars in the field: which one was the real history and teaching of the Buddha? Although there were numerous studies and biographical versions of the life of Buddha, the one written by German Orientalist Hermann Oldenberg is noted for its historicist reconstruction and its claim to have used the original source. This article discusses how Oldenberg’s work represented an effort to reconstruct a hagiography through the lens of a modern rational society that demanded consistency with respect to religious events, imposing a holistic perspective to a heterogeneous material which in itself is fragmented, and thus contributing to the “construction” of the life of Gautama Buddha as a coherent whole.

  6. Between History and Legend: The Biography of the Prophet Muhammad by Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boekhoff-van der Voort, N.A.

    2012-01-01

    Since the end of the 19th century, the authenticity of the Islamic tradition material is debated and its validity as a source of historical information about the beginning of Islam and the life of the Prophet Muhammad is questioned. Do the traditions describe history or legend or something in betw

  7. [New study on the history of anesthesiology--(12). A biography of Seigo Minami, the first to describe crush syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuki, Akitomo

    2006-02-01

    Crush syndrome causes a social concern as we experienced in the devastating earthquake in Kobe area in 1995. In the laboratory of Prof. Pick of Berlin, Seigo Minami (1893-1975), a dermatologist, made a detailed microscopic study of the kidneys of three German soldiers in 1922. They had died from renal failure caused by traumatic injuries during the World War 1. Minami concluded that the common cause of their deaths was "Autointoxication" due to necrotic breakdown of damaged muscles. His paper appeared in Virchows Archiv in 1923. This is the first description of crush syndrome in the world. Thereafter Minami joined the members of Prof. Warburg, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute to investigate respiration and glycolysis of cancer tissues of rats. This research made an important contribution to the works of Prof. Warburg to whom a Nobel prize for medicine and physiology was awarded in 1931. Minami's name as the first describer of crush syndrome remains quite unknown in Japan, although almost all Japanese dermatologists know him by Minami Prize of Japanese Society of Dermatology.

  8. PUBLICATIONS OF MYKOLAS BIRZISKA IN VILNIUS PRESS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY: FEATURES OF THE INTELLECTUAL BIOGRAPHY

    OpenAIRE

    Kvietkauskas, Mindaugas

    2006-01-01

    Mykolas Birziska (1882–1962) was a prominent Lithuanian scholar and politic, a signatory of the Act of Independence (1918), a member of Lithuanian Council (1917–1920), director of the first Lithuanian Gymnasium of Vytautas the Great in Vilnius (1915–1922), professor and rector of Kaunas and Vilnius universities. This articles deals with his early journalistic activities and editorship in the press in Vilnius before the outbreak of the First World War, and seeks to analyze the formation of his...

  9. [Overcoming disease and biography of lumbar disk surgery patients--a typology based on 30 case studies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brücher, K; Longinus, B

    1991-07-01

    A random sample of 30 patients hospitalized for lumbar disc surgery was studied on four specific occasions: before surgery in a biographic interview; during post-operative treatment by behavioural observations; at discharge from hospital and 15 months on average after surgery in further interviews about their ability to cope with the illness and about their social adaptation. Data analysis was carried out according to the method of structural hermeneutics (Oevermann et al. 1979). By contrastive comparison of the cases, a typology of coping behaviour in patients during the out-patient, in-patient, and post-hospitalization phase was developed. 15 patients showed a consistent type of coping behaviour which we have termed "autonomistic". This finds expression at the behavioural level in a patient-doctor struggle who determines treatment. It is motivated by an ambivalence conflict between fear of and desire for dependence and care. Variants of autonomistic coping behaviour and their dependence on biographic influences are presented using 2 case histories. Against this background the problem of adaptivity is discussed. PMID:1916584

  10. Reflections on Doing Research Grounded in My Experience of Perinatal Loss: From Auto/biography to Autoethnography

    OpenAIRE

    Deborah Davidson

    2011-01-01

    This article, derived from my doctoral dissertation (Davidson 2007) examining the emergence of hospital protocols for perinatal bereavement during the last half of the twentieth century in Canada, focuses on the methodological complexities – the draw, the drain, and the delight of doing qualitative research grounded in my own experience of perinatal loss. With my dissertation now a fait a complete, reflecting back on my research, my use of autoethnography at this point allows a return to a ...

  11. 转基因生物和食品安全%Transformation Gene Biography and Food Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛达元

    2003-01-01

    首先我讲一下转基因生物的一些概念。什么叫转基因生物?在联合国公约《生物安全议定书》上,他们一般称做“改性活生物体“。就是Living modified organisms,或者简称叫LMOs,或者叫“遗传饰变生物”genetically modified organisms,GMOs这个名称。他们讲LMOs或者GMOs是什么呢?就是指凭现代生物技术获得的遗传材料新异组合的活生物体。

  12. Fredrik Barth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Mikkel

    2015-01-01

    Anmeldelse af : Fredrik Barth: An Intellectual Biography / by Thomas Hylland Eriksen. Pluto Press 2015.......Anmeldelse af : Fredrik Barth: An Intellectual Biography / by Thomas Hylland Eriksen. Pluto Press 2015....

  13. 为人师表的尊长敬业奉献的楷模%Biography of Wang Shuhuan-an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Wang Shuhuan:Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering;Vice-chairman of the eighth Beijing Municipal Committee of the Political Consultative Conference;Honorary president of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital; 1985-1993 Chairman of Chinese Othopaedic Association; 1994-1997 Chairman of Chinese Hand Surgery Association;1997-2013 Honorary chairman of Chinese Hand Surgery Association.Wang Shuhuan has struggled all his life for the progress of hand surgery techniques in China even abroad. 1959: He firstly established the discipline of Hand Surgery of our country in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. 1963: He took the lead in conducting the experimental research and clinical application of microvascular surgery with the diameter less than 1mm, and performed the replantation of amputated ears of rabbits and arterial anastomosis of ifngers successfully. 1964:A 4-year-old boy underwent vascular reconstruction smoothly under the magnifying glass with the diameter only 0.4 mm, and his amputated foreifnger in the second and third segments were saved. 1978:He ifrstly published the monograph“Hand Surgery”in China. As the pioneer and founder of the discipline of Hand Surgery in our country, he has made creative contributions to its establishment and development. 1985:He founded the Journal of Hand Surgery, serving as editor-in-chief. 1988:He was awarded as the expert with outstanding contributions in Beijing. 1992:He was granted Bole Award by Beijing Municipal Health Bureau, and also enjoyed high prestige all over the world. 1993:The Journal of Hand Surgery was ofifcially renamed as Chinese Journal of Hand Surgery, and he was recommended as the ifrst chief editor. 1997:He was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. At 10:30 am, October 8 th, 2013, he passed away.

  14. 《富兰克林自传》的新传记特征体现%The New Biography Features Reflected in "The autobiography of Benjamin Franklin"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯恩蕊

    2015-01-01

    传记文学在20世纪初注入了新的血液与希望,此时的新传记掀起了传记领域里的第一次经典化浪潮,并确立了新传记“三板斧”.事实上,19世纪的《富兰克林自传》也体现着新传记的特征,本文将从“三板斧”这一理论对这一文本进行重新解读,从而更加深刻刻画富兰克林的人格的伟大与成功秘诀,以及传记文学的经典化进程.

  15. [A short biography of Paul Bonét-Maury (1900-1972) or parallel lives of a pharmacist: researcher and judoka].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grognet, Jean-Marc

    2015-12-01

    Pharmacist by training, doctor in sciences and student of Marie Curie, he will be between 1925 and 1965 one of the pioneers of radiobiology, science of the study of the interaction between ionizing radiations and living matter. He will be the initiator of the teaching on the use of radioelements in medicine and pharmacy. At the same time as he develops a scientific work of international level, he makes a commitment prematurely in the judo of which he will be one of the first four French black belts. He founds in 1946 the French Federation of this sport of which he will be president until 1956, year from which he becomes a general secretary of the International Federation of Judo until 1971. PMID:26827554

  16. The Significance of the Novel Motif History of Biography of Searching Immortal%《搜神记》的小说母题史意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立; 王俊杰

    2013-01-01

    干宝《搜神记》在古代小说母题史上占有重要地位.今存该书不全,仍可看出文学与神秘崇拜交互影响的诸多母题,如树神、神物、火神、狐精崇拜等,还有宝失家败、冤死天怒、小人国和外星人等,有些来自民间传说,有些母题来自印度和西域故事,体现了整理民间故事和跨文化文学资源的中转之功.干宝将这些故事母题进行了文学化发挥,使其更加富有审美能量和文化蕴涵.由于《搜神记》名气太大,惯于以类化之,《搜神记》成为一个类化名词,造成一系列托名干宝的叙述.这些“追认”之作,更确认了《搜神记》母题史多重价值和启发开创意义.

  17. Sergei Prokofiev's Children's Pieces, Op. 65: a comprehensive approach to learning about a composer and his works: biography, style, form and analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Peter Daniel

    2014-01-13

    This article is written for the benefit of piano teachers and students, but can be of benefit to any music teacher or student. It is a case study using Prokofiev's lesser known pedagogical work for the piano, which serves as an example of information gathering to apply toward a more effective method of instruction, which requires the teacher and student to exhaustively examine both composer and music in order to exact a more artistic, accurate performance. Much of the interpretation is based on Prokofiev's own thoughts as expressed in his personal memoirs and from his most distinguished music critics, many of whom were his peers during his lifetime, while some is taken from common sources, which are readily available to teacher and student. It is my belief that it is possible to divine extraordinary interpretations, information and outcomes from common sources. As the student and teacher gather information, it can be used to determine what should be included in a performance based not only on the composer's explicit directions, but also on implicit information that could lead to an inspired, original interpretation. It is written with the belief that music is more than the dots and lines on the page and that teaching and learning must be approached with that in mind. It is hoped that once teacher and student have completed this case study, the method will transfer to all future musical endeavors. PMID:24455468

  18. The political evolution and the legal framework during the Civil War. Scarcity of monographs and a proliferation of biographies and witness accounts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier GARCÍA FERNÁNDEZ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the literature relating to the organisation of the Republican State and the State in the rebel area during the Spanish Civil War. We identify in both cases the works relating to the organs of the State at the international, national and local levels. Literature concerning official repression in the Republican and rebel areas is included as well. We have also added analyses of the more relevant political events, ideological trends, main political parties and singular political groups in both areas.

  19. Anti-Biography Writing of Vargas Llosa: Deconstruction of Truth%巴尔加斯·略萨的反传记书写:解构真实

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琼; 黄德志

    2013-01-01

    后现代主义试图通过在纪实材料中融合自我指涉的手法去书写历史,因此在传记文学中历史范畴和文学范畴之间的界线消退.巴尔加斯·略萨的“写实性”早已万众瞩目,他在后期创作中频繁涉及传记题材,将历史元素、个人传记和虚构成分于其中交融一体.传记性小说和小说型传记手法是对现实主义文本的结构创新.

  20. A Biography: An Adamant Defender Of ‘Deep Ecology’ And Ecofeminism: Günseli Tamkoç (1921-1998)

    OpenAIRE

    UNAT, Nermin ABADAN

    2001-01-01

    This paper is dedicated to the memory of a dear, lifelong friend, Günseli Tamkoç, who until she passed away strived to surpass the socially accepted values, mores and attitudes and fought for the acknowledgement of new concepts such as “deep ecology”, “eco-feminism” and peace movements. Although not interested in large-scale political movements, she progressively became a genuine fighter for local democracy, political participation and networks.

  1. Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomic physicist and messenger of culture 1868-1951. A biography; Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomphysiker und Kulturbote 1868-1951. Eine Biografie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckert, Michael

    2013-09-01

    Arnold Sommerfeld is beside Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and Max Planck one of the founders of modern atomic and quantum theory. His career began in the 1890th years at the University of Goettingen, the world center of mathematics of that time. Since 1906 he created on the professorship for theoretical physics at the Munich university one of the most important schools of science, the students of which are well-known theorists of the atomic era like as the Nobel-price winners Hans Bethe, Peter Debye, Wolfgang Pauli, and Werner Heisenberg. He also developed far beyond his subject an unprecedented impact. He travelled as ''messenger of culture'' in many countries in order to advertise in the years after the first world war for the reputation of Germany as culture nation. By the nationalsocialism the Munich ''nursery of theoretical physics'' however was prepared an inglorious end, because Sommerfeld counted for a ''main propagandist of Jewish theories''. By the example of this life of a physicist also the eventful history of a whole subject.

  2. DETECTION OF IMBHs WITH GROUND-BASED GRAVITATIONAL WAVE OBSERVATORIES: A BIOGRAPHY OF A BINARY OF BLACK HOLES, FROM BIRTH TO DEATH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Even though the existence of intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs; black holes with masses ranging between 102 Msun and 104 Msun) has not yet been corroborated observationally, these objects are of high interest for astrophysics. Our understanding of the formation and evolution of supermassive black holes, as well as galaxy evolution modeling and cosmography would dramatically change if an IMBH were to be observed. From the point of view of traditional photon-based astronomy, which relies on the monitoring of innermost stellar kinematics, the direct detection of an IMBH seems to be rather far in the future. However, the prospect of the detection and characterization of an IMBH has good chances in lower frequency gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics using ground-based detectors such as the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), Virgo, and the future Einstein Telescope (ET). We present an analysis of the signal of a system of a binary of IMBHs based on a waveform model obtained with numerical relativity simulations coupled with post-Newtonian calculations at the highest available order. IMBH binaries with total masses between 200 and 20,000 Msun would produce significant signal-to-noise ratios in Advanced LIGO and Virgo and the ET. We have computed the expected event rate of IMBH binary coalescences for different configurations of the binary, finding interesting values that depend on the spin of the IMBHs. The prospects for IMBH detection and characterization with ground-based GW observatories would not only provide us with a robust test of general relativity, but would also corroborate the existence of these systems. Such detections should allow astrophysicists to probe the stellar environments of IMBHs and their formation processes.

  3. Discussion the Tragic Fate of"Shihchi Biographies of Cruel Officials"%《史记·酷吏列传》悲剧意蕴刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毋军保

    2016-01-01

    Throughout the"ShihchiBiographiesofCruelOfficials", the tragic fate of the cruel officials is di⁃rectly related to the imperial power. Giving up a rook to save the king, punishing severely,fickle and lack of kindness and murdering a person with a borrowed knife of emperor had caused a variety of tragic fate of the cru⁃el officials.The fate of the tragic is due to the emperor is the master of the cruel officials’fate; On the other hand, cruel officials in law enforcement process have damaged to the interests of every class, each class tried to kill them;Moreover, cruel officials has been played favouritism and commited irregularities and knowingly vio⁃lated the law.%综观《史记·酷吏列传》,酷吏的悲剧命运多与皇权有直接关系,皇帝的舍车保帅、严惩不贷、薄情寡恩和借刀杀人造成了酷吏多样化的悲剧类型。其命运的悲剧性一方面是由于君主是酷吏命运的实际掌控者;另一方面,酷吏在执法过程中损害了各阶级的利益,各阶级欲除之而后快;再者,酷吏自身暴酷寡情、舞文巧诋。以上三个方面共同造成了酷吏难以善终的悲剧命运。

  4. A critical study of the literary works of J.A. Froude with special reference to the novels, the essays and the biography of Carlyle

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, C. J. (Christopher John)

    1982-01-01

    James Anthony Froude (l8l8-94) was one of the most prolific, versatile and controversial writers of his age. An early work, The Nemesis of Faith (l849), a fascinating novel of faith and doubt, was publicly burnt during a lecture at Oxford. His History of England from the Fall of Volsey to the Defeat of the Spanish Armada (1856-70) earned its uncompromisingly Protestant author a popularity which rivalled that of Macaulay. His Short Studies on Great Subjects (1st series, 1867...

  5. A composer’s inner biography a sketch for the study of influences in Ljubica Marić’s oeuvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melita Milin

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Attempting to investigate works of music through frank examination of possible influences is a delicate thing, sometimes maybe dangerous - as has been suggested by Jonathan Cross in his book, The Stravinsky Legacy. While the originality of a composer may appear to be threatened with such types of critique, for musicologists it is important to draw upon a deeper appreciation for how a composer searched for his/her own creative voice. The music of Ljubica Marić (1909-2003, one of the most important Serbian composers of the 20th century, has been chosen to demonstrate how composers need different influences during different phases of their maturation and how they deeply integrate them in order to create an individual utterance. Ljubica Marić first studied composition with Josip Slavenski at the Belgrade Music School (1925-29, and continued her studies with Josef Suk at the Master School of the Prague Conservatory (1929-32 where she obtained her diploma. Finally, she took Alois Hába’s course in quarter-tone music at the same institution from 1936 to 1937. The works she composed during the 1930’s were characterized by a radical will to break ties with traditional, mainly romantic music, so she chose to be influenced by the free atonal pre-dodecaphonic works of Arnold Schoenberg. Following World War II, she introduced some changes of expression that were more in keeping with links from the past. Her music became tonally stabilized, and thematic-motivational developments were rediscovered, resulting in an expression that became milder. But the changes need not necessarily be linked exclusively to the post-war climate of socialist realism. Rather, the previous style may have met up with some type of impasse - the sort that confounds or ultimately transforms an artist. For Ljubica Marić, however, it appears she was never truly satisfied with her first post-war works (1945-1950. What is certain is that she composed nothing during the several years that preceded her first masterpiece, the cantata The Songs of Space (1956. It is however worth examining whether or not they were really "dry years". It is certain that for Ljubica Marić, they were fresh discoveries of Serbian traditional singing, both folk and church, poetic and artistic treasures of the Middle Ages - but she also revived earlier experiences (from the pre-war decade that she had rejected at the time, mainly the music of Stravinsky, Bartók and Slavenski. Although those influences can be detected in the score of The Songs of Space, the work has a strong individual imprint, an identity of its own. In the works that followed, The Passacaglia for orchestra and in several compositions belonging to the cycle Musica octoicha (Octoicha 1, The Byzantine Concerto, Ostinato super thema octoicha, The Threshold of Dreams original traits of Ljubica Marić’s poetics became even more pronounced. The last works that she produced (in the 1980’s and 1990’s are all for instrumental soloists or chamber ensembles. They continue with, and refine the main characteristics of the earlier ones. Ljubica Marić’s evolvement thus presents a search for originality of expression that was reached only after a process of selective assimilation and creative transformation of tradition had been fulfilled - but not until any "anxiety of influences" had been abandoned. It has been shown that Ljubica Marić, like other artists needed to be ready to be influenced, in order to absorb such influences in a creative way.

  6. Gender, the City and the Politics of Schooling: Towards a Collective Biography of Women "Doing Good" as Public Moralists in Victorian London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jane

    2005-01-01

    This article tells the stories of four middle class, white, English women whose participation in educational policy making is little known: Annie Leigh Browne (1851-1936), Margaret MacDonald (1870-1911), Hilda Miall-Smith (born 1861) and Honnor Morten (1861-1913). In doing so, it provides a perspective on the circumstances that enabled or…

  7. A short biography of Hubert Ludwig and a note on the publication dates of his monograph Die Seewalzen (1889-1892).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Mike

    2015-12-03

    The dates of publication of Hubert Ludwig's (1852-1913) comprehensive monograph Die Seewalzen [= Sea cucumbers] are reviewed. The precise publication dates of his volume, originally published in 16 fascicles and 8 parts/issues, delivered between 1889 and 1892, has been re-examined. Additionally, a short biographical note on Hubert Ludwig's life and a discussion of all new taxa introduced by him in his monograph is given.

  8. Gaston Bachelard e a biografia: o caso “lautréamont” = Gaston Bachelard and biography: the case “lautréamont”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voigt, André Fabiano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende estabelecer um debate a partir da análise que o filósofo Gaston Bachelard faz da obra de Lautréamont. Neste estudo, encontram-se elementos para questionar os mecanismos empregados por historiadores, biógrafos e críticos literários a respeito da relação entre autor, obra e biografia

  9. Structured and Unstructured Cache Models for SMT Domain Adaptation

    OpenAIRE

    Louis, Annie; Webber, Bonnie L.

    2014-01-01

    We present a French to English translation system for Wikipedia biography articles. We use training data from out-of-domain corpora and adapt the system for biographies. We propose two forms of domain adaptation. The first biases the system towards words likely in biographies and encourages repetition of words across the document. Since biographies in Wikipedia follow a regular structure, our second model exploits this structure as a sequence of topic segments, where each segment discusses a ...

  10. Deafness as Conflict and Conflict Component

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuer, Christopher Jon

    2007-01-01

    Writers of D/deaf autobiographies or biographies face something of a dilemma when incorporating deafness into the stories they tell. This includes writers of D/deaf fiction because many such works are based on the same personal experiences from which autobiographies and biographies are derived. At heart, autobiographies and biographies are merely…

  11. Review of Skidelsky's John Maynard Keynes: Fighting for Britain

    OpenAIRE

    J. Bradford DeLong

    2002-01-01

    Skidelsky's three-volume biography of Keynes, of which this is the third, gives us Keynes, entire. The meat of the biography lies in the well-constructed narrative and in the magnificent portraits of Keynes and his age. Robert Skidelsky has given us a superb intellectual biography.

  12. 对居里夫人传记在中国传播的初步考察%Some Thoughts about the Communication of Biographies of Madam Curie in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 刘兵

    2007-01-01

    本文主要以居里夫人的中文传记图书为研究对象,将国内一些重点图书馆收藏的居里夫人传记的不同版本,进行了梳理和归纳,对居里夫人的136种中文传记进行了版本要素分析考察.在总体考察的基础上又对影响较大的传记进行了相对细致的个案分析.

  13. 清水出芙蓉——紫砂花器大师蒋蓉艺术传略%Brief biography of Jiang Rong,a master of purple sand pottery in natural shape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何岳

    2012-01-01

    作为当代紫砂花器艺术的杰出代表,蒋蓉对紫砂花器在新时期的贡献是不可磨灭的,她从艺七十载,将毕生精力致力于紫砂花器的创新,其作品具有强烈的时代感与个人风格,继清代陈鸣远之后,将紫砂花器艺术又推向了一个高峰.

  14. 大彬行止录--明代紫砂壶大师时大彬评传%A Critical Biography of Shi Dabin--a Master of Purple-clay Teapot in the Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Shi Dabin is a representative of the acme of purple-clay teapot development in the late Ming dynasty. The creative transformation and development achieved by him of purple-clay techniques, teapot shape and other respects, which made the art of purple-clay teapot unprecedentedly influential at his time, were decisive in promoting the appreciation of purple-clay teapots by more and more intel ectuals. His travel to Loudong is not only a turning point in his teapot-making career, but also a milestone in the history of purple-clay art. As for Xu Yinglei’s On Shi Dabin, an essay written in Dabin’s time and quite controversial due to its criticism of Shi, is an important and valuable access for us to a deep understanding of him and his art.%  时大彬是晚明一代紫砂壶艺术发展巅峰时期的代表性人物,正是他在紫砂工艺上与砂壶艺术造型等方面进行创造性的变革与开拓,使得紫砂壶艺术在那个时代获得了空前的影响,并在紫砂壶审美文人化的道路上迈出了决定性的一步。其娄东之游不仅是他个人制壶生涯中一件极为重要的转折点,在紫砂艺术史上也具有重要的里程碑作用,而徐应雷《书时大彬事》一文因对时大彬形象的贬抑而颇具争议性,但它作为一篇写于大彬同时代的文献文本,却对我们深度理解时大彬其人其艺提供了不可多得的重要途径。

  15. The Biography and Theory of Wu Lien-teh-Candidate of Nobel Prize in 1935%诺贝尔奖(1935)候选人伍连德及其学说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨微; 李志平

    2010-01-01

    伍连德(1879年~1960年),剑桥大学第一位华人医学博士,1908年回国任天津陆军军医学堂帮办.1910年末东北爆发鼠疫,他出任"东三省防疫总医官".经过科学考察与实验对旱獭进行研究,他确定了鼠疫菌宿主动物和肺鼠疫传播方式,并创立"肺鼠疫"学说.1935年,伍连德被提名为诺贝尔生理学或医学奖候选人.

  16. High-Altitude Aggressions and Physiological Degeneration? The Biography of “Climate” as an Object of Scientific Inquiry in Colombia During the 19th and the Early 20th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Pohl-Valero

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to show the role played by experimental physiology in the way of understanding the effects of high-altitude climates on the functioning of the human body and the possibilities of progress of the Colombian nation throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Content: the transformation of the concept of climate as an object of scientific inquiry is explored over the studied period. This is done by analyzing investigations on respiratory capacity, nutrition and metabolism, blood chemistry and heart function in people of the eastern range of the Colombian Andes. Conclusions: beyond an institutional or disciplinary history of physiology, this article shows that some practices of experimental physiology played a role in the process of represent­ing the Colombian nation, territory, and population. The inhabitants of the Andean highlands were understood not only in terms of race and innate abilities, but also in terms of social classes and organic transformations. The idea that there was a supposed process of “physiological de­generation”, decreasing the efficiency of high-altitude workers, was tried to compensate through a “rational diet”.

  17. 《史记》中为何没有史官传记%Why There aren't Biographies of Official Historians In "Records of the Grand Historian"?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建军

    2009-01-01

    中之所以没有史官传记,并非由于史料不足或史官地位卑微,而是别有隐情.因为遭遇"李陵之祸",司马迁的内心产生了严重的自卑情结.而为补偿自卑情结,他不仅创作了史学巨著,而且创作了,这实际上是中唯一的一篇史官传记,且具备世家的特点.

  18. The Biography of the 5th Dalai Lama and the studies of the history of China's norhwest nationalities%《五世达赖喇嘛传》与西北民族史研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘正寅

    2004-01-01

    《五世达赖喇嘛》中有许多反映蒙古和西藏政治、文化、宗教情况的资料,是研究西藏地方史、清朝断代史、宗教史和民族史的重要著述.本文简要论述了这部自传的史料价值.

  19. Biography teaching in middle schools and its effects on the growth of adolescents%中学传记课文教学与青少年成长教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩春萌

    2011-01-01

    传记课文是青少年思想品德教育的重要教学资源,优秀的传记作品具有鼓舞人积极奋进的作用.当前的中学语文课本中选用了不少杰出人物的传记,可以充分利用这些名人传记来进行青少年的荣辱现、人生观教育.在利用传记课文进行成长教育时,要做到课内与课外相结合,采取灵活多样的方法,对青少年加以正确的引导.

  20. Influences of mechanical exposure biographies on physical capabilities of workers from automotive industry - a study on possible dose-response relationships and consequences for short and long term job rotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rademacher, Holger; Bruder, Ralph; Sinn-Behrendt, Andrea; Landau, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a field study in production areas of a vehicle manufacturing plant, where 106 male workers (aged from 20 to 63 years) were examined and interviewed by the authors. Aim of study was to identify relationships between specific physical worker capabilities and doses of mechanical exposures using self-developed standardized questionnaires as well as a battery of work-specific tests. The dependent variables are different "physical capabilities", classified using a five-point rating scale with regard to the grade of limitation of the respective capability. Independent variables are "age" and specific "mechanical exposures". Several exposures were combined and multiplied with their respective durations in order to determine doses on three different body regions - back, shoulder-neck and upper limbs. There are significant positive correlations between "age" and "dose of mechanical exposure on back/shoulder-neck/upper limbs region". The analysis of the relationship between dose of exposure and different capabilities to lift or reposition loads (with variable weight) shows weak significant correlations for all three body regions. Data analysis shows no significant correlations between any dose of mechanical exposure and capabilities to work in awkward body postures.These results should be considered in age management programs when scheduling future employee assignments to workplaces, especially for production systems where manual handling tasks are dominant. PMID:22317513

  1. 居住在多维世界中--第四届国际传记研讨会述评%Inhaiting Multiple Worlds - Survey of The 4th International Auto/Biography Association Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李战子

    2004-01-01

    @@ 第四届国际传记研讨会于2004年3月14至18日在香港中文大学英语系召开,来自世界各地的70多位学者参加了会议.本次会议的议题是"居住在多维世界中--(反)全球化时代的传记",由于在香港这个多元文化地区召开,会议的议题似乎格外贴切,具体的议题涉及到移民的自我、散居的自我,尤其是散居的中国人;作为自传和传记的旅行写作,包括日记和书信等;电子自我和在线的全球化身份;全球化媒体--电影、录像、电视、网络和身份构建;以及多语的(multilingual)自我等等,可谓丰富多彩.

  2. 从《海上花列传》看社会变迁对上海叙事的影响%The Effect of Social Flux to Narrative Depicting about Shanghai by Reading Biographies of Prostitutes of Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳丽花

    2009-01-01

    韩子云的通过"上海叙事"尽其所能地反映了渐变时期的上海社会风貌,尤其是上海社会的现代化进程.社会变迁深潜于"上海叙事"之中,"上海叙事"是由转型时期的上海社会变迁所生成的.

  3. Influences of mechanical exposure biographies on physical capabilities of workers from automotive industry - a study on possible dose-response relationships and consequences for short and long term job rotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rademacher, Holger; Bruder, Ralph; Sinn-Behrendt, Andrea; Landau, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a field study in production areas of a vehicle manufacturing plant, where 106 male workers (aged from 20 to 63 years) were examined and interviewed by the authors. Aim of study was to identify relationships between specific physical worker capabilities and doses of mechanical exposures using self-developed standardized questionnaires as well as a battery of work-specific tests. The dependent variables are different "physical capabilities", classified using a five-point rating scale with regard to the grade of limitation of the respective capability. Independent variables are "age" and specific "mechanical exposures". Several exposures were combined and multiplied with their respective durations in order to determine doses on three different body regions - back, shoulder-neck and upper limbs. There are significant positive correlations between "age" and "dose of mechanical exposure on back/shoulder-neck/upper limbs region". The analysis of the relationship between dose of exposure and different capabilities to lift or reposition loads (with variable weight) shows weak significant correlations for all three body regions. Data analysis shows no significant correlations between any dose of mechanical exposure and capabilities to work in awkward body postures.These results should be considered in age management programs when scheduling future employee assignments to workplaces, especially for production systems where manual handling tasks are dominant.

  4. The Application of Grounded Theory of Memoirs and Biographies in the Management Science%回忆录与传记的扎根研究在管理学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕力

    2012-01-01

    In the application research of management science,based on presumptions,a questionnaire survey has certain orientation,but it could not reveal all the aspects of management conducts,especially those at enterprise leaders' subconscious level.The research on the grounded theory shows that memoirs and autobiographies,the completely distinctive qualitative material from questionnaire survey,are a notable source of research data.Since the data obtained from autobiographies and memoirs are far apart from those acquired from qualitative data in terms of regularity and objectivity,they can not be used in empirical studies,but are suitable for the construction of theories.The significance of memoirs and autobiographies in management studies resides in the completeness,richness,authenticity,and the non-selective feature of the material.%在管理学的应用研究中,问卷调查依据先定的假设可以具有一定的导向性,但不能揭示出管理行为的所有方面,尤其是企业领导行为的潜意识层面。通过对扎根理论研究表明:回忆录和传记作为与问卷调查完全不同的定性资料,是不可忽视的研究数据来源。由于从传记和回忆录中抽取的数据从规范性、客观性等方面还是与定量数据相距甚远,其资料不适用于实证研究,而主要适用于理论的建构过程。回忆录与传记在管理学研究中的意义在于:资料的整体性、丰富性、真实性以及无可选择性。

  5. The Outsider of Absurdity——Comparative Study of Albert Camus's Biography by History Horizon%直面荒谬的局外人——历史还原视域下加缪传记比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘火雄

    2013-01-01

    20世纪80-90年代以来,加缪逐步成为中国人文社科领域研究热点,随着加缪《局外人》、《鼠疫》、《西西弗神话》等作品的引进出版,论文、论著等相关研究成果数以千计,其中大多探讨加缪的文学创作、社会活动、作品艺术、哲学思想,对加缪传记的研究则相对薄弱.从编辑出版学角度出发,结合历史还原与现代阐释相关理论思路,对加缪的传记进行比较分析,既可以拓展加缪研究的路径,也有助于把握数十年来本专题研究的脉动与流变.

  6. Jakten på 1500-tals källorna : Historiografisk undersökning av biografier om Christina av Danmark, hertiginna av Milano och hertiginna av Lothringen

    OpenAIRE

    Klingberg, Gunnel

    2015-01-01

    Hunting for the 16th century sources is a historiographical investigation of all known biographies written about Christina of Denmark (1522-1590), Duchess of Milan and Duchess of Lorraine. Focusing on an individual person, the aim is to analyse primary and secondary sources as well as the internal influences the different biographies have had on each other through time. The study shows biographies generally use primary sources sparingly, also when available, and that the influences of seconda...

  7. Identity as a narrative of autobiography

    OpenAIRE

    Luba Jakubowska

    2010-01-01

    This article is a proposal of identity research through its process and narrative character. As a starting point I present a definition of identity understood as the whole life process of finding identification. Next I present my own model of auto/biography-narrative research inspired by hermeneutic and phenomenological traditions of thinking about experiencing reality. I treat auto/biography-narrative research as a means of exploratory conduct, based on the narrator’s biography data, also co...

  8. Individet i historien

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Cecilie Elmira; Rasmussen, Natasha Falah; Breuning, Emil; Poulsen, Camilla Rullhøj

    2013-01-01

    This project investigates the increasing popularity of the celebrity biography, as an expression of a social tendency in the society, which focuses on the individual. It seeks to investigate this tendency with Zygmunt Bauman's theories about, globalisation, individualisation and idolization. The paper examines which parts of the private life are in focus in the biographies. Furthermore it analyses what a person achieves by having a biography written about them, and what the readers obtain by ...

  9. Let’s sing our heroes: A comparison of biographical series for children in Kenya and South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    C.K. Muriungi

    2004-01-01

    In this article two series of biographies written for children, and dealing with prominent personalities in Kenya and South Africa, are compared. In the line of argumentation developed the aim is to examine the main features in these biographies, and to indicate the importance of biographies in the general field of children’s literature. By examining a sample text from each series the specific ways in which the authors mould these personalities into heroes of their countries are scrutinised. ...

  10. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for press Interviews & Selected Staff Profiles Selected biographies & science-focused interviews ... Resources, requests for information & the NICHD FOIA office Jobs at NICHD Job ...

  11. The Enigma of Newton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, E.

    1973-01-01

    Presents a brief biography of Sir Isaac Newton, lists contemporary scientists and scientific developments and discusses Newton's optical research and conceptual position concerning the nature of light. (JR)

  12. 76 FR 20341 - Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. S190.24 System name: Biography File (May 26, 2009, 74 FR 24831....24 System name: Biography File. System location: Headquarters, Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), Public... of the Secretary Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency,...

  13. Commentary: Building Web Research Strategies for Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maloy, Robert W.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents web research strategies for teachers and students to use in building Dramatic Event, Historical Biography, and Influential Literature wiki pages for history/social studies learning. Dramatic Events refer to milestone or turning point moments in history. Historical Biographies and Influential Literature pages feature…

  14. The History of Urban Gifted Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

    2010-01-01

    The history of the world could be told through countless biographies, as Carlyle said, and these biographies undoubtedly would represent gifted individuals and their contributions at different times in different cultures of the world. The Greeks and Romans recognized the value of talent, as did the tribes of the Bible, responding to the parables…

  15. Geleerdengenialogie versus de biografie in gender- en wetenschapsstudies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Mineke

    2000-01-01

    Recently, a Dutch critic judged in a very negative way about the genre of biography as it has developed in the Netherlands. His argument, however, could have profited from the way biography has been discussed and experimented with in the context of women and gender studies. Questions regarding the r

  16. Isaac Newton

    CERN Document Server

    Westfall, Richard S

    2007-01-01

    Definitive, concise, and very interesting... From William Shakespeare to Winston Churchill, the Very Interesting People series provides authoritative bite-sized biographies of Britain's most fascinating historical figures - people whose influence and importance have stood the test of time. Each book in the series is based upon the biographical entry from the world-famous Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. -

  17. Chairman Mao, The Chinese Revolution, and the Banality of Evil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Søren

    2006-01-01

    This article surveys the new biographies on Mao Zedong that have come out in the last few years and discusses the trends of the research.......This article surveys the new biographies on Mao Zedong that have come out in the last few years and discusses the trends of the research....

  18. First Person Past: American Autobiographies, Volume 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic......American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic...

  19. Living Proof: What Helen Keller, Marilyn Monroe, and Marie Curie Have in Common.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saul, E. Wendy

    1986-01-01

    Examines biographies of Marie Curie written for children and discusses two types of distortions: simple misrepresentations of fact and selective retelling of the past. It is concluded that biographies of minority or female success should deal specifically with strategies used by the hero or heroine to combat prejudice. (EM)

  20. MODEL PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS BIOGRAFI DENGAN STRATEGI BELAJAR KUANTUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukirno Sukirno

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Instructional Model to Teach Biography Writing using Quantum Teaching-learning Strategies. The study was aimed at developing a model for the teaching of biography writing using quantum learning strategy. To devise the model, three main steps were taken: pre-development of the model, development of the model, and examination of the effectiveness of the model. The research re­sults are three models: 1 syllabus and evaluation system for the teaching of biography writing, 2 learn­ing materials and VCD, and 3 teaching scenario. Quantitative data analysis shows that the three models have a relatively high degree of effectiveness. In addition, there is a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores on biography writing ability using quantum learning strategy (p < .001. So, it can be concluded that the three models of learning sets are effective and have significant effects on the improvement of biography writing ability of the students.

  1. NUEVA BIOGRAFÍA DE UN CONOCIDO PARIA SOCIAL: REAPROPIACIONES DE LA TRADICIÓN GAUCHESCA Y DEL TANGO EN LAS MILONGAS DE JOHN MOREYRA DE HOMERO EXPÓSITO New biography of a prominent social victim: Reappropiations of the gauchesque literature tradition and the tango in Milongas de John Moreyra by Homero Expósito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Sosa

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available La figura literaria de Juan Moreira se sostuvo, en la historia de la literatura argentina, mediante una genealogía discursiva que recuperó y resemantizó los rasgos distintivos del héroe que Eduardo Gutiérrez había postulado, originariamente, en su folletín de 1879. Uno de los principales motivos de esta permanencia es su evidente maleabilidad para condensar matices identitarios representativos, que le permitieron convertirse en un héroe de mitificación popular. En esta red de significaciones sostenida se incorpora, en 1968, el poemario Milongas de John Moreyra de Homero Expósito. Es nuestro propósito, en este trabajo, analizar las recuperaciones -con su juego de reiteraciones y alteraciones significativas- que Expósito realizó al retomar a Moreira desde una doble perspectiva: la tradición gauchesca y el universo de las letras de tangoThe literary image of Juan Moreira was maintained, throughout the history of the Argentinean Literature, thanks to a discursive genealogy that recuperated and brought new meaning to the distinctive characteristics of the hero created by Eduardo Gutiérrez, in his serial of 1879. One of the main reasons of this permanency is its evident malleability to condense representative characteristics that made of him a hero of popular mythification. In this uninterrupted net of significances, Milongas de John Moreyra, a book of poems by Homero Expósito, appears in 1968. Our purpose is to analyze the revisions by Expósito to the literary image of Moreira, seen from a double perspective: the gauchesque literature tradition and the universe of the tango lyrics

  2. A Valiant and Shrewd General Well Versed in Polite Letters and Marshal Arts——After Reading Biography of Song Shilun and Selected Military Works of Song Shilun%一代有勇有谋能武能文的骁将——初读《宋时轮传》《宋时轮军事文选》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏征难

    2007-01-01

    值此宋时轮诞辰100周年之际,由军事科学院军队建设研究部《宋时轮传》撰写组撰著的《宋时轮传》,和由军事科学院军队建设研究部《宋时轮军事文选》课题组编辑的《宋时轮军事文选》两部著作,近日已与广大读者见面。

  3. Güzide Komutanlarımızdan Muhittin Paşa, Orduda ve Anadolu’daki Hayat, Resmi Tercüme-i Hali ve ŞahsiyetiOne of Our Distinguished Commanders, Muhittin Pasha, His Life, Biography and Personality In Anatolia And Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARAN ERDEBİLLİ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Muhittin Paşa, Türkiye’nin büyük milli mücadelesinde kendisini icraatlarıyla göstermiş ve ispatlamış özellikle ordu teşkilatına hâkim olan, tecrübeli ve başarılı komutanlardan birisidir. Milli mücadelede Anadolu’nun en buhranlı zamanlarında Türk ruhu ile cephe gerisinde çabalar gösteren ve yılmadan çalışan bir seçkin komutandır. Anadolu’daki Kastamonu, Adana ve bölgelerinde, Sakarya ve İnönü savaşlarında, acemi halkın örgütlenmesinden tutmuş askeri eğitimlerine kadar önemli vazifelere de bulunmuş ve büyük cesaret sergileyerek her kesi ülkenin savunmasına hazırlamıştır. Yunanlıları İzmir’de denize dökmeden önce, dağılmaya doğru giden, acınacak bir durumda olan ve kendisini bile savunamayan bir Türk ordusunu yan yana toplayarak, savaşa hazır bir duruma getirmiştir. Hatta bu tecrübeli Türk komutanı, Anadolu’da halk örgüt kavramını bile bilmezken, özellikle Kastamonu ve çevresinde büyük bir başarıyla eli silah tutamayan halkı özenle örgütlemiş ve sorunları göğüsleyerek askeri eğitimlerini üstlenmiştir. Dolayısıyla, durmadan çalışan Muhittin paşa, Anadolu’nun en tehlikeli ve düşman ateşiyle karşı karşıya kalan zamanında yepyeni, dinç ve eğitilmiş gücü cepheye sevk ederek, düşmanın üstün güçle saldırısını def edebilmiştir. Muhittin paşa, düşmanı denize dökerek zaferi Anadolu’ya getiren ve bu muazzam işi başaranlar arasında halkın saygı ve sevgisini kazananlardandır. Yüksek seviyede askeri ve idari kabiliyette sahip olan Muhittin Paşa ikinci faaliyeti de Adana’da olmuş ve Türkiye-Fransa arasındaki Kilikya anlaşmasının 11’inci Maddesi gereği, Türkiye-Suriye arasındaki gümrük mukavelesi aktı için Beyrut’ta kurulan komisyonda Türkiye tarafından bulunmuştur. Abstract Muhittin Pasha was one of the most experienced and successful commanders, who proved and demonstrated his performances especially in the dominant of military organization in Turkey’s great national struggle. During the terrible time of Anatolia in the national struggle, he worked tirelessly with Turkish spirit behind the front. In Kastamonu, Adana and their regions, and in the Battles of Sakarya and İnönü, he kept the organization and the military training of the recruits up, and displayed a great courage in preparing everyone for the defense of country. Before driving the Greek forces into the sea in Izmir, and when the Turkish army was nearly collapsing and it could not even defend itself, he collected the army, and made it ready for the war. In fact, in Anatolia, especially in Kastamonu and its region, the people even did not know the concept of organization. Therefore, he organized them and got people to make military training, who were unable to keep a weapon. In the most dangerous times of Anatolia, Muhittin Pasha tried and worked non-stop to train in the front, defend high attack of enemy power, and drive the enemy forces into the sea. The people of Anatolia greatly respected this man, who had brought them a great victory. The second activity of Muhittin, who had a high-level military and administrative talent, was in Adana. He was the representative of Turkey in the commission founded in Beirut for the act of Turkey-Syrian Customs Agreement which was the requirement of Article 11th of Cilicia Agreement between Turkey and France.

  4. Biography versus Fiction or the Value of Testimony in Jacobs’s and Stowe’s Narratives about Slavery (Autobiographie contre fiction ou la valeur du témoignage dans les récits d’esclavages de Jacobs et de Stowe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Garrait-Bourrier

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude comparée a pour projet de souligner les différences culturelles qui existent entre deux genres littéraires de la période antebellum : les récits d’esclaves et la fiction abolitionniste. Via l’approche d’extraits de textes tirés de l’autobiographie d’Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, écrite sous le pseudonyme de Linda Brent et du roman de Harriet Beecher-Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin, nous soulignerons le témoignage historique commun qui ressort de ces deux textes. Bien que d’essence et de sources différentes, ces deux récits – celui de l’ancienne esclave et celui de l’intellectuelle blanche – offrent une image authentique de l’histoire américaine d’avant guerre civile essentielle et dénoncent le même fléau: l’esclavage.

  5. A biography of Wang Yinglong,the broad chairman of "Dragon in the world" Car Service Chain Organization%打造汽服行业民族品牌——记"龙通天下"汽车服务连锁机构董事长王引龙

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志强

    2006-01-01

    @@ 2005年,在中国橡胶工业协会六届二次理事会暨成立20周年庆祝大会上,表彰了20年来为橡胶工业发展作出突出贡献的43名"橡胶工业科学发展带头人",王引龙就是其中之一.

  6. Cumulated UDC Supplement, 1965-1975. Volume V: Classes 677/9 (677/68 Various Industries and Crafts; Rubber and Plastics, Precision Mechanism Including Automatic Data Processing, Atuomatic Control Engineering, 69 Building, 7 Arts. Architecture. Sport, 8 Languages. Linguistics. Literature, 9 Geography. Biography. History).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Federation for Documentation, The Hague (Netherlands). Committee on Classification Research.

    In continuation of the "Cumulated UDC Supplement - 1964" published by the International Federation for Documentation, this document provides a cumulative supplement to the Universal Decimal Classification for 1965-1975. This fifth volume of a five volume series lists new classification subdivisions in the following subject areas: (1) various…

  7. Mentalitat und Intergenerationalitat als Rahmenbedingungen "Lebenslangen Lernens". Konzeptionelle Konsequenzen aus Ergebnissen einer Biografieanalytischen Mehrgenerationenstudie in Ostdeutschland (Mentality and Intergenerationality as Framework Conditions of "Life-Long Learning": Conceptual Consequences To Be Drawn from Results of a Biography-Analytical Multi-Generational Study Carried out in East Germany).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alheit, Peter

    2003-01-01

    Discusses a comprehensive qualitative multigenerational study carried out in East Germany. Shows that social orientations and attitudes remained practically unchanged between the generation of grandparents and grandchildren. Argues that educational processes throughout a life-span can only be understood if mental deep structures and…

  8. "The Peasant Boy Confronting Urban Civilization"——Pierre Bourdieu's Biography and His Sociological Theory%"都市文明中的农家子弟"——皮埃尔·布迪厄的生平及社会学理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苑国华

    2006-01-01

    关于布迪厄的生平有两种说法.其一是"都市文明中的农家子弟";其二是"小资产阶级的成功故事".这两种说法揭示了布迪厄一步步迈向法兰西学院的学术历程.由此可以概括出其社会学理论的三个特征:一、思想渊源的广泛性;二、超越二元对立的实践理论;三、"反思性社会学".当今,研究布迪厄的思想具有重要的理论与实践意义.

  9. 戴名世《画网巾先生传》并非篡窃的文学经典——与潘承玉先生商榷%The Biography of Mr.Wangjin-painting,Written by Dai Ming-shi,is not Plagiarized——Also Discussing with Mr.Pan Cheng-yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿传友; 徐翔

    2010-01-01

    戴名世虽以李世雄为蓝本,但已有很大的不同,就文字本身的美学和历史内涵看,戴传优于李传.考虑到戴名世文体的特殊性和创作的特定历史情境,给其加上"篡窃"的恶谥并不恰当.清初以降,画网巾先生的事迹一直辗转流传,但并非皆源于李传,亦有不少源自戴传者.

  10. К биографии Асандра: путь к престолу / To the biography of Asander: way to the throne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Чореф М.М. / Choref M.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Трудно найти более яркую личность на боспорском троне, чем Асандр. Родившись простым гражданином, он не только смог оттеснить на время от престола законный дом Митридатидов, но и навязал свою волю всевластному Риму. Обстоятельства, приведшие его на историческую арену, не остались незамеченными. Об Асандре писали Аппиан, Дион Кассий, Страбон и псевдо-Лукиан. Однако собранные ими сведения оказались крайне фрагментарны. Дело в том, что античные историки, излагая заинтересовавшие их эпизоды из жизни Асандра, не считали нужным приурочить их к бытовавшим тогда эрам. Несколько информативнее памятники эпиграфики. Однако и они не содержатся искомые сведения. Объектом нашего исследования стали монеты архонта Асандра. Были выработаны предположения по методике атрибуции дифферентов, выбитых на аверсе его статеров и по дешифровки аббревиатур, оттиснутых на их реверсе. В результате удалось проследить этапы его борьбы за боспорский трон. Выносим результаты нашего исследования на научное обсуждение. / It's hard to find a more vivid personality on Bosporan throne than Asander. Born a simple citizen, he was not only able to push for the duration of the throne rightful home Mithridatids, but also to impose their will-powerful Rome. The circumstances that led him to the historic arena, did not go unnoticed. On Asander wrote Appian, Dio Cassius, Strabo and pseudo-Lucian. However, they collected information proved to be extremely fragmentary. The fact that the ancient historians, presenting interesting episodes from the life of their Asander not consider it necessary to coincide with their eras existed then. Several informative sites epigraphy. However, they do not contain the desired information. The object of our study were coins of Archon Asander. Assumptions were developed by the method of attribution trim stamped on the obverse of his staters and decryption abbreviations stamped on their reverse. As a result, were able to trace the stages of his struggle for the throne Bosporus. Take out the results of our research on the scientific discussion.

  11. Biography of Dr. Đorđe-Đurica Đorđević, Founder of the Clinic for Skin and Venereal Diseases in Belgrade/Biografija dr Đorđa - Đurice Đorđevića, osnivača Klinike za dermatovenerologiju i venerologiju u Beogradu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosiljka Lalević-Vasić M.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Đorđe Đorđević, a Serb from Croatia, was born in Grubišno polje (Croatia on April 22, 1885. He studied medicine in Vienna and graduated in 1909. Till 1912, he advanced his knowledge working at dermatology clinics with Prof. Finger and Prof. Arning, as well as with Prof. Weichselbaum, professor of pathological anatomy and bacteriology. From 1912 he worked in Zagreb, at the Dermatology Department of the Brothers of Mercy Hospital, and during World War I as a military doctor at the Dermatology Department and the Zagreb Outpatient Department (Second kolodvor. After the war, in 1918, he moved to Belgrade, where he was the Head of the Polyclinic for Skin and Venereal Diseases, and in 1922 he became an Assistant Professor of Dermatology at the School of Medicine in Belgrade. In the same year, he founded the Department of Dermatovenereology at the School of Medicine in Belgrade and the Clinic for Skin and Venereal Diseases, of which he was also the Head. In 1923, he became an Associate Professor, and in 1934 a Full Professor. He is given credit for passing legislation on prostitution and banning brothels.

  12. Islam dan Kolonialisme: Sayyid Usman dan Islam di Indonesia Masa Penjajahan

    OpenAIRE

    Jajat Burhanudin

    2015-01-01

    Nico J.G. Kaptein, Islam, Colonialism, and the Modern Age in the Netherlands East Indies: A Biography of Sayyid ‘Uthman (1822-1914), (Leiden & Boston: Brill. 2014), xv + 317 pages.The book reviewed was the published result of long, scholarly research efforts. Nico Kaptein, the writer, presents a biography of Sayyid Uthman, an ‘ālim out of the Hadrami community in nineteenth century Dutch East Indies.  The biography is comprehensive in nature. More importantly, the author shows this Muslim...

  13. Holograficzny model reminiscencji w poezji Czesława Miłosza

    OpenAIRE

    Rydz, Agnieszka

    2011-01-01

    For a model of nostalgic memory in the poetry of Czesław Miłosz, based on the psychological phenomenon of reminiscence, an allegoric counterpart can be identified in the hologram metaphor (Douwe Draaisma). The question: “Who am I” – reappears in Miłosz’s late lyrical poetry when he ponders over both his biography and the biographies of others. The response is provided, for instance, in the concept of human dialectic biography (of subject and object), formulated by Paul Ricoeur ...

  14. Recent Books on Journalism History: A Bibliographical Essay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickett, Calder M.

    1980-01-01

    Surveys hundreds of books related to journalism history that were published during the 1970s. Among the many types of books discussed are surveys, biographies, bicentennial books, and books on photography, cartoons, comics, women, and minorities. (TJ)

  15. World Organisation for Animal Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    World Organisation for Animal Health Home About us Presentation Director general office Biography Photos Strategic plan Our ... Food safety and animal welfare History General organisation World Assembly Council Headquarters OIE Regional Representations OIE Regional ...

  16. Icon Painters of the Nizhniy Novgorod Volga Region of the XVII Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronicka N. Belyaeva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The author considers specificity and basic difficulties of biographies of the icon painters of the Nizhniy Novgorod Volga region of the XVII-th century restore. The data on the masters are cites.

  17. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Staff Profiles Selected biographies & science-focused interviews Multimedia Audio briefings, videos & podcasts related to NICHD research About ... Duflo Simons-Morton Raju Multimedia Videos Podcasts and Audio Infographics Twitter Chats About NICHD Institute Overview Organization ...

  18. White Blood Cell Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... where they are needed, and then kill and digest the harmful organism or substance (see White blood ... Patel Hello Everyone! Hello to all of you readers! I know you will be seeing my biography, ...

  19. The New York Review of Books : (1998, 14. mai), nr. 8 : [ülevaade] / vahendanud Anne Lange

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Ka John Keatsi käsitlusest: Nicholase Roe' 'John Keats and the culture of dissent' ja Andrew Motioni 'Keats : a biography'; Nadine Gordimer romaanist 'The house of gun'; Franz Kafka 'Lossi' uustõlkest inglise keelde

  20. 76 FR 20718 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ..., supply, maintenance, and time and attendance data. 8. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of... program, including course assessments, syllabi, instructor biographies, class requests, rosters, test scores, student awards, and disciplinary documents. 11. Department of Housing and Urban...

  1. Jose Marti

    Science.gov (United States)

    Convergence, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This article is a brief biography of Jose Marti, Cuban freedom fighter, educator, philospher, poet, writer, and apostle of freedom. Discussed are his philosophies of education and his attempts to help Latin American peoples attain self identity. (RR)

  2. Os 200 anos da pilha elétrica The 200 years of the electric pile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aécio Pereira Chagas

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available In celebration of the 200th anniversary of the electric pile, invented by Alessandro Volta, a synopsis of his letter to The Royal Society (London and of his biography is presented.

  3. Strong Men of the Academic Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allmendinger, David F., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    Nicholas Murray Butler, G. Stanley Hall, Charles W. Eliot, the respective subjects of three biographies reviewed here, were university presidents whose personal dominance has too often impeded the biographer in his task of objective historical inquiry. (JH)

  4. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Pachora "Astereotypical", Lisa Stansfield "Biography", The Last Hombres "Redemption", "The Four Feathers", "Liisi Koikson", Paul Simon "On My Way, Don't Know, Where I-m Goin'", Lisa Nilsson "Samlade Sanger 1992-2003", Emma Shapplin "Etterna"

  5. 32 CFR 806b.45 - Releasable information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... number (Continental United States (CONUS) only). (k) Date of rank. (l) Entered on active duty date. (m... official attendance at technical, scientific, or professional meetings. (t) Biographies and photos of...

  6. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... News Spotlights Media Resources Interviews & Selected Staff Profiles Leadership Biographies Spong Stratakis Hann Cernich Buck Louis Get ... updated. Page Content Wednesday, March 9, 2011 Recently, scientists in an NIH study reported that a surgical ...

  7. Mission, Science, and Race in South Africa; AW Roberts of Lovedale 1883-1938

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, I.S.

    2016-02-01

    Book Review: Biography of Alexander William Roberts. Noted educator, variable star observer and politician who represented South African "natives" in the parliament of the Union of South Africa at a time when they had no other representation.

  8. Euler, the Master Calculator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Jerry D.

    1983-01-01

    Provides a brief, condensed biography of the eighteenth-century mathematician, Leonard Euler, focusing on some of his contributions to mathematics. Also presents several problems and suggests how Euler might have solved them. (JN)

  9. [Susmann Galant (1896-1978). A Russian-Swiss supporter and opponent of Sigmund Freud].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The scientific activity of this Russian psychiatrist is depicted in a short biography. His ambivalent attitude to Freud's dream theory is emphasized. At the end of his medical career he became full professor of psychiatry at Khabarovsk.

  10. Andrzej Soltan 1897-1959. Bio-bibliographic monograph

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Report contains the biography of professor Andrzej Soltan the first director of the Institute of Nuclear Research at Swierk, the description of his scientific and organizational activity as well as the bibliography of his papers. 73 refs

  11. Poland: Children's Fiction in English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Povsic, Frances F.

    1980-01-01

    Lists and annotates children's books that present Polish folklore and legends, biographies of famous Polish people, personal accounts of life in Poland, and stories about Polish Americans and people living in Poland. (ET)

  12. Musical Creativity: An Interdisciplinary Approach from Troy to Carthage from Vergil to Berlioz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Polly F.

    1977-01-01

    Musical creativity can be enhanced in children of all ages through an interdisciplinary approach involving activities combining music with history, geography, mythology, foreign language, biography, psychology and literature. (DB)

  13. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... grant applications Contacts for NICHD Funding Information Contact staff with questions about grants, contracts & research areas Training, ... Resources Useful links & resources for press Interviews & Selected Staff Profiles Selected biographies & science-focused interviews Multimedia Audio ...

  14. The Invented Self

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David

    A post-structuralist study of the documents conventionally used to write a biography, focusing on the discontinuities and contradictions that life stories usually seek to overcome in the vain attempt to create the illusion of a life recaptured whole....

  15. Harry Minti- a project for a book

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, Alex

    2011-08-01

    A short biography and an account of scientific research of the Associated Professor of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (Israel), Dr. Harry Minti (b. 1938, Bucharest) is given. His activity as translator was also mentioned.

  16. Speaking out for America's poor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2008-01-01

    The review of Edward Allan Brawley's biography on the life, work and struggle of Robert Hunter (1874-1941), one of the forgotten American social workers (settlement movement), social theoretists (poverty and revolution) as well as welfare protagonists....

  17. Census techniques and methods for monitoring population trends and reproductive success of marine birds: A preliminary annotated bibliography draft

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This draft biography draws together 79 published and unpublished sources which are helpful in designing and conducting monitoring population trends and reproductive...

  18. The Occult: Diabolica to Alchemists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaney, Oliver J.

    1971-01-01

    The 91 items in this bibliography deal with works of occult science. The material is subdivided into biographies, dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks, noteworthy histories, indices, annuals, and a few miscellany works with treatises. (95 references) (Author)

  19. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Office of International Affairs Office of the Executive Director Office of the General Counsel Office of Policy ... Office of the Secretary Biographies Bureau and Office Directors Chief Technologist Inspector General Former Commissioners Former Bureau ...

  20. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... form Search Main Menu About the FTC What We Do Enforcement Authority Our History FTC Moments FTC@ ... Policy FTC en español About the FTC What We Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets ...

  1. Rickettsiologist Pavel F. Zdrodovskii: larger than life, and not just for his famous book.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eremeeva, M E; Shpynov, S N; Tarasevich, I V

    2016-09-01

    This article highlights the biography and scientific accomplishments of Pavel F. Zdrodovskii and his contributions to understanding the biology, pathogenesis, treatment, prevention and epidemiology of brucellosis, rickettsioses and many other infectious diseases. PMID:27551431

  2. Recreational Reading for Gifted Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangieri, John N.; Isaacs, Carolyn W.

    1983-01-01

    A bibliography lists approximately 100 works (1974-82) of fiction, biography, poetry, fantasy/science fiction, picture books, and mystery/adventure for gifted elementary children's recreational reading. Citations include information on author, approximate grade level, and publisher. (CL)

  3. Professor Pavel Nikolaevich Nikolaev (to the 130-th anniversary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chernenkov Y.V.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents biography of professor P. N. Nikolaev. It reflects his scientific and practical contribution to the development of the most significant directions in Russian medicine including professional training of Health Service specialists

  4. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for press Interviews & Selected Staff Profiles Selected biographies & science-focused interviews ... Video: Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida Skip sharing on social media links Share this: NICHD Archive Note: Information ...

  5. Leedu poliitika ja kultuuri teine hääl : kolme kõlbelise eluloo visand / Leonidas Donskis ; [inglise keelest] tõlkinud Kaisa Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Donskis, Leonidas, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Leedu kolme õpetlase, kultuuriloolase Vytautas Kavolise, poliitikateadlase Aleksandras Stromase, kirjandusprofessori ja luuletaja Tomas Venclova, elu ja tegevus. Tõlgitud käsikirjast "The second voice of Lithuanian politics and culture: sketches of three moral biographies"

  6. Leadership Profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branson, Robert K.; Ely, Donald P.

    1996-01-01

    Includes biographies of two educational media and technology leaders: (1) Robert Morgan, a psychologist who saw the potential of educational technology through working with programmed instruction; and (2) L. Paul Saettler, a historian for instructional and educational technology. (LRW)

  7. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Practice of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Announces the 2007 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Practice of Psychology: Patricia M. Bricklin. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Bricklin's work, is provided.

  8. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article announces the 2007 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology: Irving I. Gottesman. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Gottesman's work, is provided.

  9. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Announces the 2007 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology: McCay Vernon. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Vernon's work, is provided.

  10. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--July, August, September 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delahaye, Alfred N.; McKerns, Joseph P.

    1979-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, journalism education, history and biography, international, public relations, visual communication, and women and media. (GT)

  11. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, April, May, June 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

    1978-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, journalism education, history and biography, foreign countries, public relations, and technology. (GW)

  12. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--January, February, March 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

    1979-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, government and media, history and biography, international, management, public relations, and visual communication. (GT)

  13. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--October, November, December 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

    1980-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, history and biography, international, public relations, visual communication, and women and media. (GT)

  14. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Offices Office of Administrative Law Judges Office of Public Affairs Office of the Secretary Biographies Bureau and ... Competition Fora Litigation Status Report Magnuson-Moss Warranty Public Audit Filings Webb-Pomerene Act Filings Studies Remedy ...

  15. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the FTC What We Do Enforcement Authority Our History FTC Moments FTC@100 Fireside Chat Our Seal ... español About the FTC What We Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets Performance Office of ...

  16. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for press Interviews & Selected Staff Profiles Selected biographies & science-focused interviews Multimedia Audio briefings, videos & podcasts related ... the primary federal agency for conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and it investigates ...

  17. Lise Meitner; Lise Meitner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-11-15

    This paper is a collection of articles concerning the biography of Lise Meitner with special regards to her cooperation with Otto Hahn in the discovery of nuclear fission, whereby the role of women in science, especially physics, are considered. (HSI)

  18. Newbery Medal Acceptance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Russell

    1988-01-01

    Presents the Newbery Medal acceptance speech of Russell Freedman, writer of children's nonfiction. Discusses the place of nonfiction in the world of children's literature, the evolution of children's biographies, and the author's work on "Lincoln." (ARH)

  19. Erratum to: Energy-efficient multipath routing in wireless sensor network considering wireless interference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shujiang LI; Xin MA; Xiangdong WANG; Minghao TAN

    2011-01-01

    @@ The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.The birth year of Dr.Minghao TAN was incorrect in his biography.The corrected biography is given below.Minghao TAN was born in 1972.He received his Ph.D.from the Northeastern University, China, in 2004.He is an associate professor at the Shenyang University of Technology.His research interests include intelligence control and robust control.

  20. Los Manuscritos de Franz Kafka: exégesis, hermenéutica y falsificación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Vivero Rodríguez

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In 1937, Max Brod published his biography of Franz Kafka, a biography that presents a fictional image of Kafka, a fiction that had begun in 1928 with the novel Zauberreich der Liebe. For Milan Kundera, this is the beginning of “Kafkology”, that is, the faking of Kafka and the nonliterary use of his works. This is an analysis of the novel by Max Brod and of exegesis about Kafka.

  1. Let’s sing our heroes: A comparison of biographical series for children in Kenya and South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.K. Muriungi

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article two series of biographies written for children, and dealing with prominent personalities in Kenya and South Africa, are compared. In the line of argumentation developed the aim is to examine the main features in these biographies, and to indicate the importance of biographies in the general field of children’s literature. By examining a sample text from each series the specific ways in which the authors mould these personalities into heroes of their countries are scrutinised. Furthermore the way in which gender is represented in the two series is also examined and it is argued that both men and women form part of any country’s gallery of heroes. Underlying the main argument of the article is the contention that biographies are important in perpetuating the stories of the two countries’ heroes: also in teaching the history of each country to the young. A general motif of hard work resonates in these works, and therefore it is asserted that individuals’ biographies can be used as anecdotes to communicate with and to inspire and encourage young readers. The authors of the biographies actually intervene by presenting children with role models. Furthermore these role models are not abstract fictional characters but real human beings who made great sacrifices for their countries – people with whom children are thus able to identify.

  2. Evolution of Image from Biography of Liu Yi to Tale of Liu Yi A Case Study of the Hero Liu Yi and Dragon Maid ——Take Liu Yi and the dragon king's daughter as well%从《柳毅传》到《柳毅传书》人物形象的嬗变——以主人公柳毅和龙女为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷田田

    2015-01-01

    从唐传奇《柳毅传》到元杂剧《柳毅传书》,柳毅和龙女的形象随着时代的变化有所发展.相较于传统的才子佳人形象,柳毅的形象显得世俗化,龙女也变得泼辣外向.而隐藏在这种发展变化之中的是唐代和元代文人社会地位、社会文化、文体的差异以及受众的变化.

  3. The Pasteurization of Marie Curie: A (meta)biographical experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirtén, Eva Hemmungs

    2015-08-01

    Biographies of scientists occupy a liminal space, highly popular with general readers but questioned in academia. Nonetheless, in recent years, historians of science have not only embraced the genre with more enthusiasm and less guilt, they have also turned to the metabiography in order to renew the study and story of scientists' roles. This essay focuses on Marie Curie, the world's most famous female scientist, in order to unpack some of the theoretical and methodological claims of the science biography, and especially to address the sexing mechanisms at play in the construction of the biographical subject. Pierre Curie (1923), Marie's biography of her husband Pierre, paid tribute to her dead husband and collaborator, but also allowed Curie a legitimate outlet to construct her own persona and legacy. Categories such as personhood, person, and persona are not only central to the biography genre but also are essential to the sense of self and self-fashioning of scientists. Looking at how Marie Curie negotiated these categories in Pierre Curie not only gives new insight into Curie's self-fashioning strategies but may also shed some light on the more general analytical lacunae of the science biography.

  4. Wrongly Mixed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przemysław Czapliński

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main statement of the article is that Polish-Jewish and Jewish-Polish biographies have an ambiguous ontological status. The status, which the article describes as spectral, is traced in Polish literature over the last twenty four years (from mid-80s till now. Three conventions have been identified, which, because of their openness to ontologically incomplete beings, are good expressions of complications of biography and identity. The conventions are romance, genealogy, and horror. The writers who use these conventions aim at representing a concrete Polish-Jewish or Jewish-Polish biography, but the phantasmatic quality of combination of what is Polish with what is Jewish leads to unreality of all elements of a novel. Consequently, not only Jewish characters and Jewish identity, but also Poles and Polish identity become phantasmatic.

  5. The Great Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meadows, Jack

    1989-11-01

    This lively history of the development of science and its relationship to society combines vivid biographies of twelve pivotal scientists, commentary on the social and historical events of their time, and over four hundred illustrations, including many in color. The biographies span from classical times to the Atomic Age, covering Aristotle, Galileo, Harvey, Newton, Lavoisier, Humboldt, Faraday, Darwin, Pasteur, Curie, Freud, and Einstein. Through the biographies and a wealth of other material, the volume reveals how social forces have influenced the course of science. Along with the highly informative color illustrations, it contains much archival material never before published, ranging from medieval woodcuts, etchings from Renaissance anatomy texts, and pages from Harvey's journal, to modern false-color x-rays and infrared photographs of solar flares. A beautifully-designed, fact-filled, stimulating work, The Great Scientists will fascinate anyone with an interest in science and how history can influence scientific discovery.

  6. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Aron

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En guise de préambule, nous voudrions cerner rapidement l’objet dont il sera question et proposer quelques pistes de réflexion.Brève histoire problématique de la biographieLa biographie est un genre ancien, même si le mot n’apparaît en France qu’à la fin du xviie siècle. Ce genre est consacré à retracer des vies authentiques, dans des récits dont le sujet et l’auteur ne se confondent pas. On peut appeler « biographique » l’ensemble des genres donnant des « récits de vie » (biographie mais aus...

  7. Identity as a narrative of autobiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luba Jakubowska

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a proposal of identity research through its process and narrative character. As a starting point I present a definition of identity understood as the whole life process of finding identification. Next I present my own model of auto/biography-narrative research inspired by hermeneutic and phenomenological traditions of thinking about experiencing reality. I treat auto/biography-narrative research as a means of exploratory conduct, based on the narrator’s biography data, also considering the researcher’s autobiographical thought. In the final part of the article I focus on showing the narrative structure of identity and autobiography. I emphasise this relation in definitions qualifying autobiography as written life narration and identity as a narration of autobiography.

  8. Den postmoderne biografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondrup, Johnny

    2012-01-01

    This article concerns the return of the literary biography in the humanistic fields, especially in Danish literary research, since 1980. During the New Criticism in the 1960s biography was regarded as a superfluous genre, and during the neoMarxism of the 1970s as a naive genre. But around 1980...... it returned in the form of a number of new scholarly works especially in the fields of literature and history. This article points to two elements in the postmodern Zeitgeist which might have played a role in promoting the return of biography: first, the collapse of the grand systems of interpretation......, and second a change in the ideal of scholarship in the direction of constructivism. Then the article investigates how ‘the new biography’ is distinguished from the old and outlines three points in particular: 1) a greater understanding of the significance of social structures; 2) an increased focus...

  9. Kuerschner's energy manual. Political contacts at national, state and European level; Kuerschners Handbuch Energie. Politikkontakte Bund, Land, Europa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holzapfel, Andreas (ed.)

    2011-07-01

    The manual is in three sections: 1. Parliaments and governments, survey and organization; 2. Biographic section, with 453 biography; 3. Index of names. The first section informs on the organizational structure of parliaments and governments. The subject of energy is discussed three times, i.e. in 'Economics', 'Environment', and 'Research'. For each parliament, the members of the energy policy TCs are listed, followed by names and contact addresses of the senior officials and departments with contact data, both on a national, state, and European scale. The second section contains the biographies of energy policy experts of the German parliament and government, the sixteen land parliaments and governments, and the European Commissions. As the subject of energy is highly interdisciplinary, the authors selected the energy policy committees of the German parliament and state parliaments. The biographies of the committee members are presented in the text.

  10. Energy. Political contacts at national, state and European level; Energie. Politikkontakte Bund, Land, Europa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holzapfel, Andreas (ed.)

    2013-04-01

    The manual is in three sections: 1. Parliaments and governments, survey and organization; 2. Biographic section, with 304 biography; 3. Index of names. The first section informs on the organizational structure of parliaments and governments. The subject of energy is discussed three times, i.e. in 'Economics', 'Environment', and 'Research'. For each parliament, the members of the energy policy TCs are listed, followed by names and contact addresses of the senior officials and departments with contact data, both on a national, state, and European scale. The second section contains the biographies of energy policy experts of the German parliament and government, the sixteen land parliaments and governments, and the European Commissions. As the subject of energy is highly interdisciplinary, the authors selected the energy policy committees of the German parliament and state parliaments. The biographies of the committee members are presented in the text.

  11. Louis Pasteur: a controversial figure in a debate on scientific ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligon, B Lee

    2002-04-01

    Louis Pasteur long has been heralded as the "father of modern hygiene, public health and much of modern medicine," despite early controversies regarding his findings and methodology. A recently published biography, however, has shed new light on both Pasteur's scientific acumen and integrity. Reactions to this portrayal have been mixed. This article provides an overview of Pasteur's life and the debate regarding his scientific discoveries and honesty that has ensued for more than 100 years, with insights gained from both supporters and critics of the new biography by Gerald L. Geison.

  12. A review of the scientific and literary accomplishments of Professor R.G. Macfarlane CBE, FRS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hougie, Cecil

    2006-06-01

    This article gives an account of some of the pioneer work of Professor R.G. Macfarlane CBE, FRS in haemostasis and fibrinolysis. His Cascade hypothesis, which together with the Waterfall, became the most cited of all papers on blood coagulation in the latter part of the 20th century, is described, together with its rebuttal and defence. Macfarlane had the gift of writing in elegant prose and his papers on the philosophy of science and his biographies of Lord Florey and Fleming are reviewed. The biography of Sir Alexander Fleming is a great work that deserves to be on the shelves of every library.

  13. Putting A Human Face on Equilibrium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glickstein, Neil

    2005-03-01

    A short biography of chemist Fritz Haber is used to personalize the abstract concepts of equilibrium chemistry for high school students in an introductory course. In addition to giving the Haber Bosch process an historic, an economic, and a scientific background the reading and subsequent discussion allows students for whom the human perspective is of paramount importance a chance to investigate the irony of balance or equilibrium in Haber's life story. Since the inclusion of the Haber biography, performance in the laboratory and on examinations for those students who are usually only partially engaged has dramatically improved.

  14. Jakob Nielsen and his Contributions to Topology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Vagn Lundsgaard

    1996-01-01

    The Danish mathematician Jakob Nielsen won international recognitionas one of the developers of combinatiorial group theory and the topologyof surfaces. This article describes the life and work of Jakob Nielsenwith emphasis on his contributions to topology.The biography is to be included in the b......The Danish mathematician Jakob Nielsen won international recognitionas one of the developers of combinatiorial group theory and the topologyof surfaces. This article describes the life and work of Jakob Nielsenwith emphasis on his contributions to topology.The biography is to be included...

  15. Beyond the spooks: The problem of the narrator in literary history

    OpenAIRE

    Wheelwright, J.

    2014-01-01

    The discrepancies between a biography about a decorated Soviet intelligence agent and the authenticated facts of her life illustrate the inherent difficulties and ethical dilemmas of researching intelligence history. Kitty Harris was among the few women named in the official history of Soviet Intelligence because of her role as double-agent Donald MacLean’s controller and in running couriers from Mexico to Los Alamos in the late 1940s. Harris’s biography written by the former KGB agent Igor D...

  16. СЛАВЕТНІ ІМЕНА: ПЕРШІ ДЕКАНИ СІЛЬСЬКОГОСПОДАРСЬКОГО ВІДДІЛЕННЯ КИЇВСЬКОГО ПОЛІТЕХНІЧНОГО ІНСТИТУТУ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Л. П. Лановюк

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The biographies of the first leaders of agricultural department of the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute are the main focus of the article. Biography and activities of a prominent scientist, talented teacher, manager of an agricultural works M. Chirvinskiy are discussed. A researcher and creator of agricultural technique К. Shindler is described. The educational, scientific and organizational achievements of promirelentless work of personalities set standards for coming generations of Ukrainian scientists, stimulated education of new generations, and enriched the treasury of world knowledge.

  17. "Wenn Sokrates eine Frau gewesen wäre…" "If Socrates Had Been a Woman…"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Kopyczinski

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Brigitte Rauschenbach legt mit dem vorliegenden Band die erste deutschsprachige Biographie über Marie de Gournay (1565–1645 vor. Der französischen Humanistin verdankt die westeuropäische Geschlechtergeschichte den ersten Traktat über die Gleichheit von Mann und Frau.Brigitte Rauschenbach’s book is the first biography of the French humanist Marie de Gournay (1565–1645 to be published in German. Her treatise on the equality of the sexes is the first of its kind in western gender history.

  18. ["Utilitarian system" : Heine's legacy poem "legs, to each man two were given" with his lyrical comments on the field of urology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruse, J A

    2015-08-01

    The chequered biography as well as the enormous and controversial impact history of the poet Heinrich Heine form the notably changing sum of, in his time but also with a view to the future, the more than difficult and manifold relationships from political, social, religious, cultural and economic as well as industrial historical conditions and problems. The works and personality of the poet can rightly be characterized by the subtitle as a current biography laced with innuendo as "the discovery of the European intellectual". PMID:26246212

  19. André Leroi-Gourhan (25 août 1911–19 février 1986)

    OpenAIRE

    Soulier, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    André Leroi-Gourhan (25th August 1911 – 19th February 1986) A short biography of André Leroi-Gourhan is here presented, beginning in 1927, at the moment of his student years, until his retirement in 1982. It rests on a systematic analysis of his publications and on his personal and professional archives, collected and studied for the first time in 2001 when the author was temporally engaged by the CNRS. Going beyond the pure biography of events, such as those already presented in numerous po...

  20. [Leo Sternbach, an inventor of benzodiazepines].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchibayashi, Masao

    2007-01-01

    A biography of Leo Sternbach, an inventor of benzodiazepine tranquillizers, is presented. It consists of (1) a societal desire for lifestyle pills, (2) Leo's birth in 1908 and youth, (3) education, (4) in Vienna, (5) in Zurich, (6) at Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel, (7) to the New World, (8) at Roche, Nutley NJ, (9) invention of the new drugs, (10) revolution of people's lifestyle, and (11) reward, retirement and obituary in 2005. This paper may be the first comprehensive biography of this remarkable chemist written in Japanese.

  1. ["Utilitarian system" : Heine's legacy poem "legs, to each man two were given" with his lyrical comments on the field of urology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruse, J A

    2015-08-01

    The chequered biography as well as the enormous and controversial impact history of the poet Heinrich Heine form the notably changing sum of, in his time but also with a view to the future, the more than difficult and manifold relationships from political, social, religious, cultural and economic as well as industrial historical conditions and problems. The works and personality of the poet can rightly be characterized by the subtitle as a current biography laced with innuendo as "the discovery of the European intellectual".

  2. Proyecto Leer Bulletin, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tome, Martha V., Ed.

    Educational materials for students of Spanish and the Spanish speaking are listed in this bulletin. A general information section lists reference materials on bilingual children, the blind and physically handicapped, comics, consumer education, employment, health, heritage of the Spanish speaking, Mexican American biography, Mexican American film…

  3. Persona and the Performance of Identity : Parallel Developments in the Biographical Historiography of Science and Gender, and the Related Uses of Self Narrative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Mineke

    2013-01-01

    In this article Bosch explores the parallel development in scientific and gender biography to shed light on the relation between the individual and the collective, the self and society. In the history of science the relational/collective scientific self and the concept of the scientific persona (or

  4. Book Review - Rudolf Steiner: An Introduction to His Life and Work, Gary Lachman, 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Paull, John

    2007-01-01

    A book review of the latest biography of Rudolf Steiner, published in 2007, authored by Gary Lachman, and published by Tarcher/Penguin, New York. It was Rudolf Steiner's "Agriculture Course" delivered at Koberwitz (now Kobierzyce, Poland) in 1924, that laid the foundation for the establishment of Bio-Dynamic Agriculture - a organic farming method now practised in 38 countries.

  5. Neo-Taylorism in Educational Administration?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gronn, Peter C.

    1982-01-01

    Reviews eight recent observational studies of school administrators and criticizes the studies' use of "time and motion" assumptions drawn from Frederick Winslow Taylor's ideas. Outlines an alternate approach based on "thick" description of administrators' work, including their talk, as exemplified in James Boswell's biography of Samuel Johnson.…

  6. Cross-Cultural Approaches to Biographical Interviews: Looking at Career Transitions and Lifelong Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barabasch, Antje; Merrill, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on the methodological approaches used in the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop) research project "Learning for Career and Labour Market Transitions--individual biographies". In particular, it illuminates how biographical approaches were employed to help the in-depth understanding of…

  7. "While I'm Retraining, I Get the Full Whack": Illuminating Narratives of Career Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Rachel

    2014-01-01

    This article considers four interviews conducted with French citizens by a team of researchers as part of the research project "Learning for Career and Labour Market Transitions: individual biographies". Funded by the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop), this study sought to contribute to the development…

  8. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the News News & announcements related to NICHD Spotlights Feature stories on NICHD research & other activities Media Resources Useful links & resources for press Interviews & Selected Staff Profiles Selected biographies & science-focused interviews Multimedia Audio briefings, videos & podcasts related ...

  9. [Albrecht Peiper (1889-1968)--the pediatrician and scientific personality on his 100th birthday, 23 October 1989].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radke, M

    1989-03-01

    Peiper's scientifical biography and his contribution for development of GDR-pediatrics in the 50th are described. His manyfold activities as physician and scientist during his directorship in the department of pediatrics of Leipzig university (1948-1958) are appreciated. PMID:2657188

  10. Laura Answers Back: Lord Byron, Christina Rossetti and the Canzoniere in Nineteenth-Century England

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østermark-Johansen, Lene

    2007-01-01

    This essay partly gives a brief survey of the status of the Canzoniere in nineteenth-century England when the collection was finally translated in full into English, and partly traces the significance of Laura in English literature after eighteenth-century biographies had transformed her from...

  11. Children's Literature for the Gifted Elementary School Child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vida, Louisa

    1979-01-01

    An enrichment program in literature for gifted sixth graders is discussed. It is explained that the course lasts for one year and meets for one hour three days a week. The nature and rationale of the course topics (biography, realistic fiction, poetry, and tragedy) are explored. (PHR)

  12. Autobiography and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Robert J.

    1989-01-01

    Explores the ontological status of autobiography as a literary genre. Defines the limits of what can be considered autobiography. Explores the ways in which autobiographies deal with history and consciousness, and addresses the relationship between autobiography and biography, fiction, and psychoanalysis. (DMM)

  13. The Rhetoric of Revelation: The Case of Biographical Representations of Michel Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nash, Susan Smith

    Scholars and educators concerned with the work of Michel Foucault should approach James Miller's biography "The Passion of Michel Foucault" with a fair degree of skepticism because the author's motives for writing the book call into question his findings. According to Miller's own preface, he enters his project with his agenda already spelled out.…

  14. Inspiring Future Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betteley, Pat; Lee, Richard E., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    In an integrated science/language arts/technology unit called "How Scientists Learn," students researched famous scientists from the past and cutting-edge modern-day scientists. Using biography trade books and the internet, students collected and recorded data on charts, summarized important information, and inferred meaning from text. Then they…

  15. John Milton Oskison and Assimilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larre, Lionel

    2013-01-01

    John Milton Oskison (1874-1947) was a Cherokee writer, journalist, and activist and the author of novels and biographies as well as numerous short stories, essays, and articles about a great variety of subjects. Oskison thought of himself as "an interpreter to the world, of the modern, progressive Indian." The kind of representation Oskison gave…

  16. Materiales en Marcha para el Esfuerzo Bilingue-Bicultural (Materials on the March for the Promotion of Bilingualism/Biculturalism), July 1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Diego City Schools, CA.

    This newsletter is designed to promote the needs and aims of bilingual-bicultural education. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Santillana's "Redondel," (2) Secondary Biographies, (3) The Culture Crunch, and (4) Editor's Notes. Included is a list of suggested U.S. distributors of educational materials in Spanish and Portuguese. (SK)

  17. Drift en koers : de levens van Hilda Verwey-Jonker (1908-2004)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steen, Margaretha Wilhelmina Francisca van der

    2011-01-01

    Drift en koers (Passion and control) is the first scientific biography on the Dutch socialist, sociologist and feminist Hilda Verwey-Jonker (1908-2004). She is best known for the introduction of the word allochtonen (foreigner/alien) in the Dutch discourse and has very been influential in improving

  18. Dan Olweus: Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy. The 2012 winner is Dan Olweus for his rigorous scientific research on bullying among children and youth and his early and tireless attention to its public policy implications. Dan Olweus's…

  19. Of Science and Scientists an Anthology of Anecdotes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kothare, A. N.

    Although a lot is available in the form of biographies and writings of scientists, very little information is found on what made them not only great discoverers but humane too, blessed with humour, humility and humanism. This book helps to convey this very aspect of scientists who while being involved in their unique adventure are like us, the lesser mortals.

  20. Daniel Landis: Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of one of the co-recipients of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology. One of the 2012 winners is Daniel Landis for his unparalleled contribution to the field of intercultural research in a distinguished academic career spanning almost…

  1. Dangjia Village: Holding Its Ground

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUZHONGMIN

    2005-01-01

    THE Yellow River, the second longest in China, billows through the Shanxi-Shaanxi canyons. On its west bank in Shaanxi is an historical city - Hancheng, birthplace of Sima Qian, author of the Records of the Historian and inaugurator of Chinese biography. Within the city limits is a village with a 670-year history - Dangjia.

  2. The Ukrainian geodynamics school of Alexander Ya. Orlov.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yatskiv, Ya. S.

    First of all a short review of the Orlov's biography is given. Afterwards some scietific achievements of A. Orlov in the field of geodynamics are discussed. Particular attention is paid on the definition of the "mean latitude" and the "mean pole of epoch" given by A. Orlov.

  3. A Sense of Tradition: R. J .W. Selleck and the Purpose of Educational History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macintyre, Stuart

    2014-01-01

    This short account of R.J.W. (Dick) Selleck's career and research suggests how he reoriented study of the history of education in Australia. Using a historicist method, he examined educational theories and practices to elucidate the educational purposes they were intended to serve. Through major biographies of leading educationists and…

  4. History of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillett, Margaret; And Others

    1970-01-01

    Four texts are reviewed: a compilation of essays on Canadian education; a collection of primary and secondary materials on Western education; a biography of Simon Bolivar as an educator; and, a collection of essays by Samuel Hartlib and John Dury from 17th century England. (DB)

  5. Mark Twain: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Henry Nash, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Henry Nash Smith, Van Wyck Brooks, Maurice Le Breton, Kenneth Lynn, Leo Marx, Walter Blair, Daniel G. Hoffman, W. H. Auden, James M. Cox, Leslie Fiedler, Bernard DeVoto, and Tony Tanner--all dealing with the biography and…

  6. A Boolean Anthology. Selected Writings of Mary Boole - on Mathematical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahta, D. G., Comp.

    This volume is intended to provide a brief introduction to Mary Boole's writings. Short selections from her writings are organized under four areas: on teaching and learning, some mathematical lessons, the nature of mathematics, and the work of George Boole. A brief biography is also included. (DT)

  7. The Montessori Method: The Origins of an Educational Innovation: Including an Abridged and Annotated Edition of Maria Montessori's The Montessori Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutek, Gerald Lee

    2004-01-01

    An essential resource for all students and scholars of early childhood education, this book offers a rich array of material about Maria Montessori and the Montessori Method. Distinguished education scholar Gerald Gutek begins with an in-depth biography of Montessori, exploring how a determined young woman overcame the obstacles that blocked her…

  8. Maria Montessori: Portrait of a Young Woman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Povell, Phyllis

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author presents the biography of Maria Montessori, who pioneered early childhood education and introduced a new method of pedagogy. The innovations in education that Montessori introduced were enough to reserve a place for her in the history books. Montessori was ahead of her time in many aspects of her life. The decisions…

  9. Educational Administration as a Historical Discipline: An "Apologia Pro Vita Historia"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samier, Eugenie

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses the contributions history can make to educational administration and how history needs to be conceptualised as a humanities discipline to serve this purpose, including two aspects of the field of particular relevance to educational administration and leadership, biography and comparative studies. The value of history is…

  10. Where Are "Women Returners" Returning From? Deconstructing Domestication in the Context of Lifelong Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Julia

    The question of where "women returners" to education are returning from was examined through an exploration of the life histories of 18 women in southern England. The study focused on the biographies of women who regarded themselves as primarily responsible for the care of others and yet whose aspirations involved some form of continuing…

  11. Frankenstein. Greenfield Express Management System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983

    Designed to develop students' abilities to follow directions and organize and write their thoughts, this junior high level activity involves students in creating a dream person using magazine or catalog pictures and then writing a biography of this person. Materials include teacher notes, follow-up suggestions, evaluation procedure, and a…

  12. Pensando en Cynthia y su Hermana: Educational Implications of United States-Mexico Transnationalism for Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamann, Edmund T.; Zuniga, Victor; Garcia, Juan Sanchez

    2006-01-01

    We use 3 brief educational biographies of students in Mexico who have previously attended public school in the United States to introduce this literature review on United States-Mexico transnational students. This article is also the first of several planned articles stemming from a currently ongoing, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y…

  13. Transformation of Tradition: Autobiographical Works by Native American Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bataille, Gretchen

    The Indian woman has been viewed as a subservient and oppressed female; often overlooked were the economic, social and political positions women held within tribal societies. The biographies and autobiographies of Indian women that have been obtained over the last century can be used to examine this contradiction in perspectives. These accounts…

  14. Cynthia J. Najdowski: Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. The 2012 winner is Cynthia J. Najdowski for an outstanding research paper that examines how jurors' judgments are influenced by a juvenile defendant's confession and status as intellectually disabled. Through…

  15. Jazz Listening Activities: Children's Literature and Authentic Music Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Nan L.; Fisher, Douglas; Helzer, Rick

    2002-01-01

    Describes a unit that is appropriate for upper elementary and middle school students that focuses on jazz music using biographies about jazz musicians. Discusses the five sections of the unit. Includes a list of "Suggested Jazz Listening Samples," jazz videos, and a bibliography of resources related to jazz music. (CMK)

  16. Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Distinguished Teaching of Psychology Award recognizes an outstanding career contribution to the teaching of psychology. The 2008 recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award is Scott Plous. A citation, biography, and selected bibliography for Scott Plous are provided in this article. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:18665671

  17. Keats: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bate, Walter Jackson, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Walter Jackson Bate, T. S. Eliot, Douglas Bush, Richard H. Fogle, Jack Stillinger, Harold Bloom, David Perkins, Earl Wasserman, and D. G. James--all dealing with the biography and literary work of John Keats. Designed for…

  18. De Insigni Discessione In Ecclesia : Quae Ne Quidem Per Supremam Potestatem In Urbem Et Romanae Ecclesiae Patrimonium, Qualis Penes Germaniam Adhuc Est Superstes, Impediri Potuit

    OpenAIRE

    Krebs, Johann Friedrich

    2014-01-01

    Digital copy of the printed edition: Norimbergae : Otto ; Schwabach : Hagen, [ca. 1700] Location of printed edition: Bibliothek Religionswissenschaft (510) Shelfmark: 139 Remarks: Estimated date of publication according to the biographies of publ. Andreas Otto (1688 - 1719) and printer Moritz Hagen (1693 - 1713)

  19. An Exploratory Study of Elementary Classroom Teachers' Physical Activity Promotion from a Social Learning Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Collin A.; Buchan, Heather; Perreault, Melanie; Doan, Rob; Doutis, Panayiotis; Weaver, Robert Glenn

    2015-01-01

    Despite its recommended use, physical activity promotion in the academic classroom (PAPAC) has received little attention in terms of the factors that help to facilitate it. In this study, a social learning perspective was adopted to examine the role of physical activity biographies in generalist classroom teachers' (CTs) PAPAC. CTs (N = 213) were…

  20. Bohemicalia Zachiana II. Pražské období Jana Zacha

    OpenAIRE

    Slavický, Tomáš

    2002-01-01

    A biography of Jan Zach (1713–73) during his years in Prague (ca. 1732–42). The composer benefited professionally from the cultural prosperity of the city. Zach's letters applying for the position of an organist in the Svatovítská Katedrála are included.

  1. CAMILLE CLAUDEL - ANGUISH AND DEVASTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude Soares

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the notion of devastation and the anguish concept, as Psychoanalysis concerns, using the biography and a brief work study of the French sculptor Camille Claudel, to give them more visibility in order to contribute with the transmission of what Freud and Lacan were legacy to us.

  2. A Special Report: Trends and Topics in YA Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calabro, Marian

    1980-01-01

    Presents opinions about current adolescent literature, obtained in an informal survey of professionals dedicated to bringing literature and young adults together. Focuses on nine types of books that adolescents read: realistic novels, humor, mysteries, sports, science fiction, romances, books for minorities, biographies and histories, and poetry.…

  3. CNA proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings comprise keynote addresses, biographies, and 22 papers organized under the following headings: international CANDU operations, challenges in the uranium industry, public acceptance - gaining support, strategies for success in the nuclear business, nuclear power and the environment, initiatives in nuclear regulation, other opportunities. Individual papers published which come within the scope of INIS have been abstracted separately

  4. How to Ensure Our Library Systems Are Horse-High, Bull-Strong, and Pig-Tight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterhouse, Janetta

    2012-01-01

    In her biography about her horticulturalist father, Jonathan Baldwin Turner, Mary Turner Carriel wrote the following of Turner's quest to fence prairies; words that may also serve as an allegory for present-day libraries: What he could have done to tempt the pioneer from his home in the East to settle upon the fertile lands in the West. The first…

  5. 阅读理解突破训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (A) Mini Book Excerpts(节选)BiographyWhen Salinger learned that a car park was to be built on the land, the middle-aged writer was shocked and quickly bought the neighboring area to protect it… The townspeople never forgot the rescue and came to help their most famous neighbor.

  6. GALILEO GALILEI

    OpenAIRE

    Cantor, Moritz

    2010-01-01

    Biographie des Astronomen und Mathematikers Galileo Galilei (1564-1642). Der Inquisitionsprozess 1633 wird ausführlich geschildert, wenn ihm auch - wie Moritz Cantor bedauernd erklärt - ein Einblick in die Prozessakten, die erst 1984 freigegeben wurden, vom Vatikan nicht gewährt wurde.

  7. Selected Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirley, Wayne, Comp.

    This bibliography lists approximately 1,100 titles of technical and vocational publications in the following areas: Accounting; Agriculture; Air Conditioning and Refrigeration; Aircraft; Architectural and Building Technology; Arts; Automobiles and Diesels; Biography; Body, Health, and Nutrition; Business; Chemistry; Civil Engineering; Computers;…

  8. Readings on Charles Dickens. The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to British Authors. Literary Companion Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swisher, Clarice, Ed.

    Intended as an accessible resource for students researching Great Britain's greatest literary figures, this collection of essays about Charles Dickens's (1812-1870) work contains an in-depth biography and essays taken from a wide variety of sources. The essays are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults; each…

  9. A strange cat in Dublin

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Raifeartaigh, Cormac

    2012-11-01

    Not many life stories in physics involve Nazis, illicit sex, a strange cat and the genetic code. Thus, a new biography of the great Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger is always of interest, and with Erwin Schrödinger and the Quantum Revolution, veteran science writer John Gribbin does not disappoint.

  10. Ernst Zermelo collected works/gesammelte Werke

    CERN Document Server

    Zermelo, Ernst

    Ernst Zermelo (1871-1953) is regarded as the founder of axiomatic set theory and best-known for the first formulation of the axiom of choice. This book presents a biography of Zermelo, and also covers set theory, the foundations of mathematics, and pure mathematics.

  11. The life and work of George Boole a prelude to the digital age

    CERN Document Server

    MacHale, Desmond

    2014-01-01

    This book, aimed at the general reader and now available again, is the first full-length biography of George Boole (1815–1864) who has been variously described as the founder of pure mathematics, one of the fathers of computer science and discoverer of symbolic logic.

  12. Pantheon: A Dataset for the Study of Global Cultural Production

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Amy Zhao; Hu, Kevin; Lu, Tiffany; Hidalgo, César A

    2015-01-01

    We present the Pantheon 1.0 dataset: a manually curated dataset of individuals that have transcended linguistic, temporal, and geographic boundaries. The Pantheon 1.0 dataset includes the 11,341 biographies present in more than 25 languages in Wikipedia and is enriched with: (i) manually curated demographic information (place of birth, date of birth, and gender), (ii) a cultural domain classification categorizing each biography at three levels of aggregation (i.e. Arts/Fine Arts/Painting), and (iii) measures of global visibility (fame) including the number of languages in which a biography is present in Wikipedia, the monthly page-views received by a biography (2008-2013), and a global visibility metric we name the Historical Popularity Index (HPI). We validate our measures of global visibility (HPI and Wikipedia language editions) using external measures of accomplishment in several cultural domains: Tennis, Swimming, Car Racing, and Chess. In all of these cases we find that measures of accomplishments and f...

  13. Sharp Focus on Film; A Brief Guide to Research on Movies and Movie People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Phil; Sasse, Margo

    An attempt to increase individuals' sophistication in finding information about movies is made in this guide. Strategies to uncover reviews, criticism, biographies and other film data in the University of California at San Diego libraries are outlined. The first major section deals with approaches to the card catalog and suggests ways of getting…

  14. Selecting Library Materials for Mexican-American Middle Schoolers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    York, Sherry

    1995-01-01

    This annotated bibliography includes 32 works of fiction, 43 works of nonfiction, and 10 audiovisuals and teacher resources for middle school Mexican American audiences. Discussion includes interest level and reading level for each work, publishing issues, and Mexican American stereotypes. A sidebar article provides brief biographies of 21 Mexican…

  15. Women: A Select Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusnerz, Peggy A., Comp.; Pollack, Ann M., Comp.

    This select bibliography lists books, monographs, journals and newsletters which relate to feminism, women's studies, and other perspectives on women. Selections are organized by topic: general, bibliographies, art and literature, biography/autobiography, economics, education, family and marriage, history, politics and sex roles. Also included is…

  16. Rebels with a Cause: Obedience, Resistance and Convent Life, 1800-1940

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raftery, Deirdre

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the biographies and personal records of nineteenth-century Catholic nuns who worked in education, with a view to determining how they reconciled their individuality with the demands of religious life. Their resistance to rules, and the ways in which they wrestled with the vow of obedience, is examined. The roles of the Novice…

  17. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children in 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science and Children, 1990

    1990-01-01

    Listed are 100 trade books with brief descriptions and availability information. Categories include animals, biography, space science and astronomy, anthropology and paleontology, life sciences, earth science, conservation, medical and health sciences, physics, technology, and engineering. Criteria for inclusion in this annual list are presented.…

  18. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children in 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science and Children, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Lists annotations of books based on accuracy of contents, readability, format, and illustrations. Includes number of pages in each entry, price, and availability. Topics cover animals, biographies, space science, astronomy, archaeology, anthropology, earth and life sciences, medical and health sciences, physics, technology, and engineering. (RT)

  19. Books for Summer Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phi Delta Kappan, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Recommends leisurely reading for teachers: biographies on St. Augustine and Charles Lindbergh; novels by Edwidge Danticat, Kate Chopin, and Velma Allis; Edward Tufte's three volumes on the visual presentation of information; Jean Vanier's "Becoming Human;" the Harry Potter series, and Michael Tolkin's novel "The Player." (MLH)

  20. Melissa L. Anderson: APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association/American Psychological Association of Graduate Students Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology. The 2012 winner is Melissa L. Anderson for her ongoing commitment to understanding, treating, and preventing domestic violence in Deaf women…

  1. Baudelaire: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyre, Henri, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Paul Valery, Henri Peyre, Fracois Mauriac, Charles du Bos, Etienne Gilson, P.M. Pasinetti, John Middleton Murry, Marcel Proust, Georges Poulet, Erich Auerbach, and Jean Prevost--all dealing with the biography and literary…

  2. Albert Einstein 1879-1955.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physics Today, 1979

    1979-01-01

    Celebrates the centennial of Einstein's birth with an eight-page pictorial biography and two special articles: (1) Einstein the catalyst; and (2) Unitary field theories. His special and general theories of relativity and his contributions to quantum physics and other topics are also presented. (HM)

  3. Self-complexity and Self-integration: Theory and Therapy in Clinical-Developmental Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noam, Gil G.

    1988-01-01

    Proposes a new theory of self, based on the principles defined by Lawrence Kohlberg in his theory of moral development. The model sets forth self complexity (schemata) and biography (themata) as dimensions of self. Describes normal and atypical development arising from interaction of these components and assesses implications for practice. (KO)

  4. Lessons from Afar: A Review of www.daisakuikeda.org, Official Website of Daisaku Ikeda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arauz, Luis

    2012-01-01

    Daisaku Ikeda (1928- ) is a Buddhist leader, peace builder, school founder, and poet. His own biography and lifework provide a model for how one can transform adversity into alternative opportunities for some of the most disenfranchised students. Scrutinizing Ikeda's official website (www.daisakuikeda.org) reveals an extensive collection of his…

  5. A Glimpse through the Magic Door: Ursula Moray Williams, Gobbolino and the Little Wooden Horse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davison, Colin

    2012-01-01

    The first full biography of Ursula Moray Williams has been published to mark the centenary of her birth. In this article, its author, Colin Davison, assesses her work in the context of her life, paying particular attention to the way that her extraordinary childhood influenced her writing. He also examines new evidence about where her ideas came…

  6. Bead Collage: An Arts-Based Research Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, "bead collage," an arts-based research method that invites participants to reflect, communicate and construct their experience through the manipulation of beads and found objects is explained. Emphasizing the significance of one's personal biography and experiences as a researcher, I discuss how my background as an…

  7. Dostoevsky: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wellek, Rene, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Rene Wellek, Philip Rahv, Murray Krieger, Irving Howe, Eliseo Vivas, D. H. Lawrence, Sigmund Freud, Dmitri Chizhevsky, V. V. Zenkovsky, Georg Lukacs, and Derek Traversi--all dealing with the biography and literary work of…

  8. The War from Afghanistan (1979–1989 in the Memory of Participants from the Republic of Moldova. Official and Oral Speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion XENOFONTOV

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the consequences caused by the war in Afghanistan (1979-1989 upon the participants from Republic of Moldova. A number of evidence are offered through biographies, interviews etc.. They highlight the impact that this event had both economic, and social as well, upon the active participants in this war.

  9. "Who Is Sylvia?" Reflections on Personality, Pedagogy, and Populism: A Review Essay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooke, Patricia T.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews "Sylvia? The Biography of Sylvia Ashton-Warner," by L. Hood. Uses a feminist approach to examine the life of the New Zealand teacher whose teaching methods with Maori children led to international acclaim and imitation. Discusses the dynamics between pedagogy and personality. Contains 40 references. (Author/SV)

  10. In memoriam Prof. Dr. Leo Daniel Brongersma (1907-1994)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogmoed, M.S.

    1995-01-01

    A biography of Leo Daniel Brongersma is given, highlighting his significance for herpetology worldwide, and especially for snake anatomy, sea turtle distribution, faunistics of New Guinea and IndoAustralia. Lists of patronyms, of species named by Brongersma and of his publications are given. Also hi

  11. Mollified in Madison: Optimism in Contemporary American Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vale, Geraldine R.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses difficulties in teaching/reading "depressing" twentieth-century American literature. Suggests that the underlying themes are not depressing, and illustrates this assertion with examples from Edith Wharton's "Ethan Frome" and F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby." Provides an annotated list of 25 "positive" novels, biographies, and…

  12. Can I Have a Voice in the Nation's Classroom?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sughrua, William

    2013-01-01

    This article utilizes a reflexive ethnographic approach in the form of a "layered text" consisting of academic argument, literary criticism, biography, autobiography, and fiction. The dimension of academic argument involves "critical applied linguistics"; the dimension of literary criticism, Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby," Algren's "The Man with…

  13. [Moritz Kaposi: further currency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rácz, I

    1987-03-01

    In connection with the frequent appearance of Kaposi's sarcoma in AIDS, the biography of Moritz Kohn/Kaposi, a dermatologist of Hungarian origin in Vienna, is presented. The merits and failures of his morphologically oriented concept are discussed. Today his activity is high estimed by dermatologists all over the world.

  14. FRIDA KHALO: ONE LIFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marli Miranda Bastos

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This work is the result of a search psychoanalysis about the life and work of Frida Kahlo through the concept of sublimation. Our cut falls on what we believe to be the most relevant facts of her biography, which allow us to work the concept of sublimation.

  15. Becoming Schoolgirls: The Ambivalent Project of Subjectification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Bronwyn; Dormer, Suzy; Gannon, Sue; Laws, Cath; Taguchi, Hillevi Lenz; McCann, Helen; Rocco, Sharn

    2001-01-01

    The authors examine the concept of subjectification, using Judith Butler's theorizing of subjection to investigate their memories of being subjected in school settings and analyze subjectification. Their collective biography highlights aspects of the achievement of the individual appropriated schoolgirl subject who simultaneously constitutes…

  16. From "Teo" to "Harry Potter": Books in Spanish for Children and Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schon, Isabel

    2001-01-01

    Presents a listing of Spanish-language books for children and adolescents recently published in Mexico, Venezuela, Spain, Colombia, and Argentina. The books are categorized as biography, history, historical fiction, folklore, poetry, religion, fiction, and literature for the very young. (SM)

  17. The mediatization of public sex cultures in the case of the hook-up app Grindr

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Kristian Møller

    of mediatization” (Jansson, 2015) by looking at how personal biographies partake in the understanding and use of hook-up apps as social techniques and/or cultural properties. References Hollister, J. W. (2002). Reconstructing Social Theory at a Cruising Site. Dissertation Abstracts International, A: The Humanities...

  18. Marguerita Lightfoot: Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest. The 2012 winner is Marguerita Lightfoot for her leadership, innovation, and commitment to applying psychological principles to develop behavioral health interventions for…

  19. NASA and Me

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Douglas T.

    2010-01-01

    Topics in this student project report include: biography, NASA history and structure, overview of Johnson Space Center facilities and major projects, and an overview of the Usability Testing and Analysis Facility (UTAF). The UTAF section slides include space habitat evaluations with mockups, crew space vehicle evaluations, and human factors research.

  20. Rosemary Shingobe Barstow, Ojibwe Language Instructor. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for elementary school students introduces Rosemary Shingobe Barstow, a Native American Ojibwe language instructor and bilingual education consultant. A teacher's guide following the bibliography contains suggested activities and worksheets, objectives, directions for teachers, vocabulary list, resource list, and an evaluation…

  1. Feodor Lynen: Pionier der Biochemie und Lebenskünstler : Biografie zum 100. Geburtstag des Münchner Nobelpreisträgers

    OpenAIRE

    Hardy, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Rezension zu: Heike Will: »Sei naiv und mach’ ein Experiment« Feodor Lynen : Biographie des Münchner Biochemikers und Nobelpreisträgers. Weinheim 2011, Wiley VCH, ISBN 978-3-527-32893-2, 349 Seiten, 29,90 Euro.

  2. The Influences of Pre-Professional Socialization on Early Career Physical Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flory, Sara B.; McCaughtry, Nate

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how three PE teachers' personal biographies before their formal teacher education programs influenced their early careers in urban schools. Using occupational socialization theory and cultural relevance theory, we conducted in-depth interviews and observed early career physical education teachers who…

  3. 32 CFR 705.4 - Communication directly with private organizations and individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS PUBLIC AFFAIRS REGULATIONS § 705.4... from groups or individuals for pamphlets, photos, biographies, historical matter, etc., must be promptly answered. (32 CFR part 701, subparts A-D refers.) (b) Assistance within the command's...

  4. The Role of Values and Evaluation in Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    House, Ernest R.

    2016-01-01

    The concept of values is the central concept in evaluation. There are several ways of looking at values, including from the perspectives of philosophy, psychology, sociology, biology, and biography. In this article Ernest House discusses how values are conceived in cognitive psychology and what that means for evaluation. Further, he discusses the…

  5. Music, Play and Darwin's Children: Pedagogical Reflections of and on the Ontogeny/Phylogeny Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannan, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between ideas about the role and purpose of music introduced in the major publications of Charles Darwin, and the fields of child development, music education and pedagogy. It also considers the significant influence on Darwin's work of his own biography and family life. In the global village of…

  6. Modular Sequence: Puerto Rican Pupils in Mainland Schools. TTP 003.10. Prominent Puerto Ricans. Teacher Corps Bilingual Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartford Univ., West Hartford, CT. Coll. of Education.

    This module contains representative examples of native Puerto Rican men and women who have gained distinction in Puerto Rico. Following a pre- and postassessment test and list of learning alternatives are narratives presenting a brief biography of 27 Puerto Ricans. (MJM)

  7. Pioneering the human development revolution: Analysing the trajectory of Mahbub ul Haq

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.R. Gasper (Des)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractMahbub ul Haq's work to coordinate, establish and propagate the human development approach offers an example of effective leadership in promoting more ethical socio-economic development. This article reviews Pioneering the Human Development Revolution-An Intellectual Biography of Mahbub

  8. Fanny M. Cheung: Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of one of the co-recipients of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology. One of the 2012 winners is Fanny M. Cheung for her outstanding contributions to the assessment of cross-cultural psychopathology, personality psychology, and gender…

  9. Farce: A History from Aristophanes to Woody Allen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermel, Albert

    In a celebration of the expansiveness and inclusiveness of farce, this book describes the art form rather than defines it. Part 1 illustrates the nature of farce and its relationship to tragedy, comedy, and melodrama. Part 2 is a cumulative biography of farce, beginning with Greek and Roman writers and continuing through Shakespeare, Moliere, and…

  10. "花样女子"张曼玉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    <正>Biography: Maggie was born in Hong Kong and emigrated(移民)with her family to England at the age of eight. She once worked as a cashier(出纳员)in a London bookstore. Upon completing her secondary school education,she returned to Hong Kong and first

  11. American Indian Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momaday, Natachee Scott

    Twenty-six selections by 15 contemporary American Indian authors are given in this book. The selections--legends, ceremonial chants and prayers, poems, and stories--are accompanied by topics for discussion. Some of the selections deal with the supernatural, and some tell an actual story about the author. Pictures and short biographies of each…

  12. Notable Children's Trade Books in the Field of Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Social Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Written primarily for children in grades K-8, the books selected for this annotated bibliography emphasize human relations. Books on U.S. history and culture, world history and culture, contemporary interests and controversies, understanding oneself and others, and religion, as well as biographies, autobiographies, folktales, and legends are…

  13. Literature by and about the American Indian; An Annotated Bibliography for Junior and Senior High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stensland, Anna Lee

    This annotated bibliography is intended for junior and senior high school students. The contents includes five sections. "Books by and about the American Indian" discusses Indian stereotypes in literature and the criteria used for selection of books. The "Bibliography" contains myth, legend, oratory, and poetry; fiction; drama; biography and…

  14. Notable 1987 Children's Trade Books in the Field of Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Social Education, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Provides an annotated list of 106 recent (1987) children's trade books useful in the field of social studies. The categories and number of books are American History, Culture, and Life (31); World History and Culture (14); Biography (5); Folktales, Legends, and Storytelling (19); Contemporary Interests and Controversies (6); Careers (4); and…

  15. Notable 1986 Children's Trade Books in the Field of Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilton, Shirley; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Provides annotated bibliography of elementary-level trade books which emphasize human relations and social themes. The 108 books were reviewed by social studies teachers, and are divided into six categories: United States history, culture, and life; world history and culture; biographies; folktales, myths, legends, and storytelling; contemporary…

  16. Dante, Seventh Centennial, 1265-1965: Resource Materials for Teachers. Curriculum Bulletin, 1965-66 Series, Number 16.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavicchia, Gida; Costadasi, Virginia

    A two-part curriculum bulletin pays tribute to the life and works of Dante Alighieri during the 700th annivarsary of his birth. Part One includes his biography, a discussion of his minor works, a summary of "The Divine Comedy", Dante's impact on other lands, and Dantean thought. Suggestions for teaching a resource unit for elementary and junior…

  17. 50 Years of ISME: Four Honorary Presidents--Some Reflections on the Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, David J.

    2004-01-01

    This article introduces and reflects on the biographies of ISME's four Honorary Presidents: Leo Kestenberg, Zoltan Kodaly, Dimitri Kabalevsky and Frank Callaway. The lenses of modernity and postmodernity are applied in an examination of the relationships among the topics of individuality, community and "representation" in relation to: (a) the four…

  18. Professors of War. The Naval War College and the Development of the Naval Profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector, Ronald

    A study is presented of the role of the Naval War College in the professionalization of the U.S. Navy and the effects of that process upon the shaping of naval policy from the founding of the College in 1884 to its temporary discontinuance in 1917 during World War 1. A summary biography is given of Stephen Bleeker Luce, leading advocate and first…

  19. Sewing Seams of Stories: Becoming a Teacher during the First World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinner, Anita

    2006-01-01

    In this article the author shares a partial biography of Elizabeth Evans, who became a domestic science teacher in Britain during the First World War. This story begins with a small collection of artefacts--professional letters and personal photographs--which infuse our understanding of teaching and learning and Elizabeth's everyday life nearly a…

  20. Writer's Research Handbook: The Research Bible for Freelance Writers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottam, Keith M.; Pelton, Robert W.

    This book's purpose is to aid the researcher-writer in locating information from a variety of fields. It describes over 200 basic reference sources, and groups them according to the following types of information: background information, magazine or newspaper articles, books, definitions, fact sources, biography, quotations, statistics,…