WorldWideScience

Sample records for biography

  1. Freud and Literary Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellman, Richard

    1984-01-01

    Sigmund Freud's attitudes about writing biographies of authors, and the influence of Freud's work on the interpretations of creativity, are discussed in relation to biographies of and by a number of writers. It is proposed that Freud's contributions, used carefully, have served to enlighten biography. (MSE)

  2. Arnold Hauser - a biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mihail

    It seems reasonable to regard Arnold Hauser's own biography in three different stories. First an official one, dealing with his public appearance through his publications. Another story has to be told about his personal life concentrating on his relationships with other intellectuals important...... to his biography. The last story deals with his self-estimation as an intellectual in a modern society....

  3. Social Biography and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crepeau, Elizabeth Blesedell

    1997-01-01

    A researcher's life experiences cannot help but influence the research process. Including elements of one's social biography in research reports helps readers identify how a researcher's history and biases shaped the study. (SK)

  4. Aging According to Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiland, Steven

    1989-01-01

    Uses Erik Erikson's work to discuss how biographies treat aging. Explores how developmental theorists observe biographical representations of the life cycle and its applicability to aging. (Author/BHK)

  5. Deterritorializing Collective Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Susanne; Walsh, Susan; Byers, Michele; Rajiva, Mythili

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a new move in the methodological practice of collective biography, by provoking a shift beyond any remnant attachment to the speaking/writing subject towards her dispersal and displacement via textual interventions that stress multivocality. These include the use of photographs, drama, and various genres of writing. Using a…

  6. African-American Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Ron

    1995-01-01

    Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac,"…

  7. Exhibiting Mozart: Rethinking Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Spring, Ulrike

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: The article analyses the new permanent exhibition in the composer Wolfgang A. Mozart’s apartment in Vienna, opened in 2006, from the curator’s perspective. The exhibition presents an approach to biographical display in which the exhibited person becomes part of a multifaceted web of contexts, and the article argues for the active deployment of the polysemic character of objects as a means of grasping the complexity of a person’s biography. Presenting a concept for the...

  8. The universe a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    2008-01-01

    The Universe: A Biography makes cosmology accessible to everyone. John Gribbin navigates the latest frontiers of scientific discovery to tell us what we really know about the history of the universe. Along the way, he describes how the universe began; what the early universe looked like; how its structure developed; and what emerged to hold it all together. He describes where the elements came from; how stars and galaxies formed; and the story of how life emerged. He even looks to the future: is the history of the universe going to end with a Big Crunch or a Big Rip.

  9. Albert Einstein a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Fölsing, Albrecht

    1997-01-01

    Albert Einstein's achievements are not just milestones in the history of science; decades ago they became an integral part of the twentieth-century world in which we live. Like no other modern physicist he altered and expanded our understanding of nature. Like few other scholars, he stood fully in the public eye. In a world changing with dramatic rapidity, he embodied the role of the scientist by personal example. Albrecht Folsing, relying on previously unknown sources and letters, brings Einstein's "genius" into focus. Whereas former biographies, written in the tradition of the history of science, seem to describe a heroic Einstein who fell to earth from heaven, Folsing attempts to reconstruct Einstein's thought in the context of the state of research at the turn of the century. Thus, perhaps for the first time, Einstein's surroundings come to light.

  10. Julius Petersen 1839-1910. A Biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Jesper; Sabidussi, Gert; Toft, Bjarne

    1992-01-01

    A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics.......A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics....

  11. Trois biographies de Juan Rulfo

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    L’article s’intéresse à la fortune éditoriale des biographies de Rulfo à l’occasion de la célébration des cinquante ans de la parution de El llano en llamas (1953) et de Pedro Páramo (1955). L’étude de trois d’entre elles (écrites par Nuria Amat, Reina Roffé et Juan Ascensio) permet de voir le processus de légitimation de la biographie et les positions qu’adoptent les différents auteurs (tout spécialement en ce qui concerne leur relation avec l’auteur “biographié”) Les auteurs justifient leur...

  12. Prosopagnosia in biographies and autobiographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grüter, Thomas; Grüter, Martina

    2007-01-01

    Prosopagnosia is a selective impairment of the visual learning and recognition of faces. The congenital type, which is not accompanied by detectable brain damage or malformation, was recently found to be far more common than previously known. Therefore, one should expect that at least a few biographies or autobiographies would reveal a prosopagnosia. In this paper we present an autobiography and a biography describing five cases of congenital prosopagnosia. These biographic descriptions of prosopagnosia add further evidence to the assumption that the congenital type of prosopagnosia is not a rare condition, and not as socially crippling as one might expect.

  13. Difficulties of Biography Writing: A Philosophical Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Vefa TAŞDELEN

    2014-01-01

    In this article can be also entitled “Difficulties of Biography Writing: A Philosophical Approach” what biography and biography writing means will be dealt with from a partly existentialist and hermeneutic view point by taking questions such as; “what is biography?”, “why human beings want to understand the other?”, “what is the nature of biography: is it history or literature?” into consideration. In this respect; knowledge value, art value, ethical value, existential value and educational v...

  14. Gauß eine Biographie

    CERN Document Server

    Mania, Hubert

    2009-01-01

    Daniel Kehlmann hat ihn wiederentdeckt, den bedeutendsten Mathematiker der Neuzeit: Karl Friedrich Gauß (1777 1855). Seine überragenden wissenschaftlichen Leistungen waren schon seinen Zeitgenossen bewusst. Da Gauß jedoch nur einen Bruchteil seiner Entdeckungen veröffentlichte, erschloss sich erst der Nachwelt die Tiefgründigkeit und Reichweite seines Werks. Hubert Mania schildert in dieser ersten umfassenden Biographie die Geschichte eines genialen Wissenschaftlers und zugleich eine ganze Epoche. Gauß war ein Mann, der in einer Welt des Aufbruchs völlig zurückgezogen lebte. Dabei hat er wie kaum ein anderer unsere Sicht der Welt revolutioniert. Als Erster formulierte er eine nichteuklidische Geometrie und schuf damit die unentbehrliche Grundlage zu Einsteins Entwicklung der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. Eine glänzend geschriebene Biographie des weltberühmten und doch so unbekannten Genies Karl Friedrich Gauß.

  15. Towards a Poetics of Literary Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Writing biography, as writing any historical account, "involves the use of literary techniques and is subject to aesthetic requirements in both style and structure." Narrative, common to both historical and fictional writing, is the central theoretical concept; and understanding the nature of narrative in biography--a hybrid genre that is grounded…

  16. Major Greenwood (1880-1949): the biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farewell, Vern; Johnson, Tony

    2016-12-30

    Background is provided on the discovery of an unpublished biography of Major Greenwood written by one of his sons. The motivation and preparation for online publication of the biography in Statistics in Medicine are outlined. © 2016 The Authors. Statistics in Medicine Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Oral History in Biography: A Shaping Source.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weidman, Bette S.

    1987-01-01

    Examines the relationship between oral history and biography. Looks specifically at three studies of individual American Indians. Investigates the literary forms authors invented, reshaped, or adopted to bring oral narrative into biographic form. (RKM)

  18. Biographies of Albert Einstein -- Mastermind of Theoretical Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Weinstein, Galina

    2012-01-01

    Over the years many have written biographies of Einstein. They all based their biographies on primary sources, archival material: memories and letters of people who were in contact with Einstein, Einstein's own recollections; interviews that Einstein had given over the years, and letters of Einstein to his friends - youth friends like Marcel Grossman and Michele Besso and later friends and colleagues like Heinrich Zangger; and especially his love letters with Mileva Mari\\'c. One can demarcate between two types of biographies, namely, Documentary biographies, and, Non-documentary biographies. Non-documentary biographies were written by people who based themselves on documentary biographies and on other non-documentary biographies. Documentary biographies were written by people who knew Einstein personally, and received information from him and from other people who were in personal contact with him. This type can be further divided into two subgroups: books that were written while Einstein was still alive, and...

  19. Telling Our Stories, Sharing Our Lives: Collective Biographies of Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucher, Katherine T.; Manning, M. Lee

    1998-01-01

    Discusses how to evaluate collective biographies of women, offering specific evaluation and selection criteria that examine the author, the collection itself, bias and stereotypes, the relationship of the collective biography's text to other books, and the intended audience. Discusses 29 books that offer collective biographies of women. (SR)

  20. Second Birth--Biography: Kalashnikov, M. T.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-06-14

    ADAO 1 SECOND BIRTH-.- BIOGRAPHY : KALASHNIKOV, M. T. V V Zhukov Army Foreign Science and Technology Center Charlottesville, Virginia DISTRIBUTED BY...I.ajc 6/14/74 0 1 I 1 i1I I IP, 1, Se,,or d birtl!- Biography : Kalashnikov, H~. T. ’d ’I R* oscow, Voycnizdat. 󈨃, 136 pp. Vtoroye,Posndeniye \\N(I xI...Zoya says: symphony and classical without fail. Handel, Bach, Mozart . She even says that when she seeit the admiralty she can hear the sounds of an

  1. Magnus Hirschfeld, his biographies and the possibilities and boundaries of "biography" as "doing history.".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Toni; Hegarty, Peter

    2009-12-01

    This article considers the two major biographies of sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld, MD (1868-1935), an early campaigner for "gay rights" avant la lettre. Like him, his first biographer Charlotte Wolff (1897-1986) was a Jewish doctor who lived and worked in Weimar Republic Berlin and fled Germany when the Nazi regime came to power. When researching Hirschfeld's biography (published in English in 1986) Wolff met a librarian and gay activist, Manfred Herzer, who would eventually be a cofounder of the Gay Museum in Berlin and publish (in German, in 1992) the other major Hirschfeld biography currently available. Using, inter alia, the correspondence between Wolff and Herzer, the article aims to explore and interrogate the boundaries and possibilities of "biography" as a form of "doing history."

  2. Collective Biography and the New Political History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandermeer, Philip

    1980-01-01

    Suggests that studying collective biographies for political history provides a means of analyzing the behavior, experience and character of many different groups. The approach improves the historian's sensitivity to the majority of historical actors and significantly expands understanding of individuals. (Author/KC)

  3. Small Worlds: Biography in the Interdisciplinary Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, David

    2008-01-01

    The interdisciplinary survey inherits from more traditional survey courses the weaknesses embodied in the survey textbook. The standard textbook presentation gives students the impression that each figure's music, art, or literature is the product of the "spirit of the age." Well-chosen biographies temper that presentation by drawing attention to…

  4. 论方外传记中的类传%On Class Biography of Recluse Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞樟华; 娄欣星

    2012-01-01

    方外传记中的类传,是专门记载性质相同、行为相近的僧侣、道士或世俗教徒事迹的一种传记形式,它产生于魏晋时期,以后代代相承,颇有发展。其中《高僧传》是中国佛教史上第一部系统的僧人类传,《大唐西域求法高僧传》则记载了中国僧人和朝鲜、越南僧人以及中亚细亚僧人总计56人西行求法的事迹,是一部具有国际意义的僧人类传。明清以来,民间佛教与居士佛教开始发展起来,因此,描写世俗教徒的类传也得到发展,清代彭际清所编的《居士传》,可谓居士类传的集成之作。僧人类传在形式上受到史传中的类传的影响,但是在记载内容、思想观念和叙事风格上都有明显的差异。%Class biography of recluse biography is a kind of biography typically recording the deeds of monks, priests, or secular followers which are in the same nature and with similar behavior; it originates in Wei and Jin dynasties, and it is developing from generation to generation. Eminent Monk Biography is the first systematic monk biography in the history of Chinese Buddhism. Tales of the Hierarchs Searching Buddhist Scripture in Western Regions of Tang Dynasty has recorded the westbound joumey of 56 monks, who are from China, North Korea, Vietnam, and Central Asia, which is of international importance. Ever since Ming and Qing dynasties, folk Buddhism and kulapati Buddhism have come in vogue, therefore, class biography describing the secular followers gets developing. Kulapati Biography by Peng Jiqing in Qing dynasty is a masterwork. Although the form of monks' class biography is affected by the class biography of historical biography, there are significant differences in their contents, ideas, and narrative styles.

  5. Marital Biography, Social Security Receipt, and Poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, I-Fen; Brown, Susan L; Hammersmith, Anna M

    2017-01-01

    Increasingly, older adults are unmarried, which could mean a larger share is at risk of economic disadvantage. Using data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study, we chart the diverse range of marital biographies, capturing marital sequences and timing, of adults who are age eligible for Social Security and examine three indicators of economic well-being: Social Security receipt, Social Security benefit levels, and poverty status. Partnereds are disproportionately likely to receive Social Security and they enjoy relatively high Social Security benefits and very low poverty levels. Among singles, economic well-being varies by marital biography and gender. Gray divorced and never-married women face considerable economic insecurity. Their Social Security benefits are relatively low, and their poverty rates are quite high (over 25%), indicating Social Security alone is not sufficient to prevent these women from falling into poverty. By comparison, gray widoweds are the most advantaged singles.

  6. Sylvia Plath and the Dangers of Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Asotić

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available 2013 marked the 50th anniversary of the death of Sylvia Plath and was commemorated by a flurry of new publications on the life and work of the late poet. The renewed interest in Sylvia Plath also revitalized the decades-old debate on the interdependence of her poems and her biography. This paper investigates and problematizes the way in which poetry in general and the work of Sylvia Plath in particular are read and interpreted. It tries to shed some light on the “biographical fallacy” which has for so long plagued critical approaches to her work and shows ways in which S. Plath’s own poetic method differs from the method of confessional writers such as Robert Lowell, in the hope of revealing why S. Plath’s work cannot and should not be approached through the prism of her biography.

  7. [The national biography - a comprehensive research project].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makela-Alitalo, A

    1998-01-01

    This project was initiated by the Finnish Historical Society in 1993. The reason was an increasing interest in biographies. The aim is to write 6000 Finnish biographies in 11-12 volumes. The articles are planned to be published in the beginning of the year 2000. Selected historical characters from the Middle Ages to the present day are to be described. The most influential persons in politics, economy and the church as well as in art and sport are presented in articles of 20-30 pages. Certain persons representing the economy of life of previous times are presented in shorter articles as examples of the circumstances of their days. In addition extraordinary characters considered to be of special interest to the readers are introduced. The border between the groups is indistinct. The witches from the 17th Century are, for example, both typical representatives of their time and exceptional persons as seen by modern people. Similarities between old magic and modern "alternative" medicine are also obvious. An object of special interest is women's history, which previously has been almost overlooked. Female biographies now constitute about 15% of the articles. The National Biography is also available as a net version. The first articles were opened in late 1997 in the Internet. In the field of medical science, all the most prominent persons in the history of medicine and related professions are included, beginning from the king's physician Johan Copp in the 16th century. The medical profession is extended so as to consist of university professors and scientists, practitioners and promotors of administration as well as healers.

  8. Expanded abstracts with biographies - 1985 technical program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    A total of 50 papers were presented at the conference in 13 sessions with the following headings: applied geophysical surveys; borehole geophysics; EM modeling; engineering geophysics; geological papers from AAPG, gravity and magnetics; mining geophysics; magnetotellurics; EPRI sessions; logging accuracy; ideals and limitations; seismic sessions; and special SEG workshops. Author's biographies have been included, and abstracts appear in the form submitted by their authors.

  9. Comparative Biography as Political History: Huey Long and Father Coughlin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkley, Alan

    1984-01-01

    Comparing the biographies of individuals is a technique that can be used to illuminate the larger history of a society. As an illustration, comparative biographies of two dissident leaders, Huey Long and Father Charles Coughlin, are discussed to show how they reflect the social and political history of the 1930s. (RM)

  10. Creating Biography Webs to Investigate Individuals' Historical Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fertig, Gary; Silverman, Rick

    2009-01-01

    Biographies, which are popular among young people, can stimulate interest in the past when students investigate the historical contexts in which individuals lived. Creating biography webs offers students structured opportunities to investigate how other people and groups influenced the personal development of specific individuals (NCSS Strands II,…

  11. Ethnomusicological biography of the traditional folk musician: Biography of the gusle-player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lajić-Mihajlović Danka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of ethnomusicology from a comparative discipline to an anthropologically oriented science there has been an increase in the significance of the biography of folk musicians as scientific sources. The intention of the anthropological thought to accept and theoretically consider human nature as open and dynamic, has been realized in the ethnomusicological plane through the understanding of music as a product of thinking and behaviour of a particular musician in given circumstances. The concept of an artist is especially complex in the field of oral music culture, where creation and performance are connected in one person and the transferring process involves direct communication. The attempt to overcome the dichotomy of the musicological and sociological, i. e. anthropological attitude in ethnomusicology by synthesizing concepts which involve music, culture and man has brought particular importance to the relations between individual biographies and 'biographies of the collective' - relevant historical ethnological, anthropological, sociological, culturological, religion ideological and other types of data. Observations enlightening the social side of the folk musician's personality make the necessary 'frame' for the biography: from 'objective' social circumstances which modelled it to the opinion of the cultural environment about his performing. The folk musician's biography oriented towards ethnomusicology involves the result of a critical evaluation of the picture based on the emic and ethic vision autobiographical data and the observations of others, primarily researchers. The complexity of a biographical discourse in ethnomusicology can be perfectly seen in the example of the gusle-player's biography, as a genre-determined solo role in the tradition. For studying the relation between a person and a style of music expression, concerning gusle-players it is important to bear in mind the change in the profile of gusle

  12. Philippe Desan, Montaigne. Une biographie politique

    OpenAIRE

    Cavallini, Concetta

    2016-01-01

    Cet imposant volume, Montaigne. Une biographie politique, présente les hypothèses et le résultat des dernières recherches (souvent encore en cours) de Philippe Desan sur l’auteur des Essais. La définition de ‘politique’ permet de placer Montaigne et sa vie dans un contexte social, dans un réseau de connaissances, d’ambitions personnelles, d’ambitions de groupe social: dans l’univers de Montaigne, Philippe Desan inclut l’ensemble hétérogène de la société de la Renaissance, «ordres, clans, fami...

  13. A self-psychological approach to the study of biography: the interplay of narratives in psychoanalysis and biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hershberg, Sandra G

    2009-04-01

    This chapter is an exploration of the psychoanalytic aspects of biography and the biographical aspects of psychoanalysis. The narratives that emerge from biography and psychoanalytic treatment incorporate elements of empathy, ideology (theory), and transference/countertransference and are co-constructed within an intersubjective field involving the subjectivities of both participants, the biographer and her subject and the analyst and her analysand. I will provide examples that demonstrate the way in which these processes play out in the biographical realm. Correspondingly, I will illustrate the way in which the analyst's biography and analysand's autobiography change in the course of the psychoanalytic treatment. Salient differences between biographical and psychoanalytic endeavors are also discussed.

  14. Whey protein stories - an experiment in writing a multidisciplinary biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tenna; Bechschøft, Rasmus L.; Giacalone, Davide

    2016-01-01

    This is an experimental, dual-purpose article about whey protein and how to conduct interdisciplinary analyses and writings. On the one hand, this article is a multidisciplinary commodity biography, which consists of five descriptions of whey protein written by the five different research groups...... contributes to the field of food studies with a multidisciplinary biography of whey protein - including its sensory qualities and challenges, insights into its cultural history, its nutritional value and effects on the human body and an analysis of how it is perceived by people who consume it. The biography...... thereby expands upon existing understandings of whey protein while discussing the usefulness of employing the commodity biography format in interdisciplinary writing. Moreover, the article contributes to the field of interdisciplinary research by providing a practical example of a joint publication...

  15. Historical "Bad Guys": Biography as a Teaching Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Donald J.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a history course on the college level that uses biographies to help students connect important political leaders, such as Hitler and Machiavelli, to the time and place that shaped their actions. Reports on the effectiveness of the class. (RKM)

  16. Re-Writing Composers’ Lives: Critical Historiography and Musical Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Wiley, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    Recent musicological discourse, while frequently considering issues of historiography and canonicity, has seldom critically engaged with biography as a genre of documentary significance to reception history for its attempts to shape public opinion of its subjects. In consequence, modern musicology has often taken for granted many tendencies and preoccupations that accumulated in musical biography in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This thesis presents a histo...

  17. Athletes confessions: the sports biography as an interaction ritual

    OpenAIRE

    Thing, Lone Friis; Ronglan, Lars Tore

    2014-01-01

    Commercialization of emotions is not a new phenomenon but in Denmark there is a new general trend to tell and sell personal stories in the media. Personal deprivation and crises are also major topics in sports media. This paper focuses on sports biographies as a book genre that is reviving in popularity. The paper approaches the topic through the biographies of one Danish athlete: the former professional cyclist, Jesper Skibby, who writes about his doping disclosure and shares his personal di...

  18. The possibilities and limitation of transcultural biography work: Lithuanian case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zemaitaityte I.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lithuania, as well as other contemporary societies, is undergoing the times full of new technological, political, economic, social and scientific changes. In the changing society, adult education has helps a person to develop his and her cultural interests, creative powers, skills and acquire theoretical knowledge necessary for person's professional activity, enables a person to upgrade his or her current qualification and helps to become an active citizen of a democratic society (Zemaitaityte, 2007. This paper seeks to discuss Trancultural Biography Work (TBW as an adult educative approach that is mainly oriented on one's resources and potentials. But it also may help to overcome hindering patterns of thinking, feeling and acting. Through Biography Work, people explore how they handled difficult situations in one's life: How did the person manage similar situations in the past? How did other people or other members of person family with whom he/she shared memory manage it? It supports to gain self-awareness as well as courage and the desire to realize one's potentials. “Realize. Transcultural Biography Work for Adult Education” international project, from 2010 to 2012, was dedicated to apply Transcultural Biography Work (TBW in different counties and contexts with different participants with various needs and backgrounds, explore and implement new techniques of Transcultural Biography Work, assess the effectiveness of TBW techniques, and elaborate further on Transcultural Biography Work approach.

  19. Telling Lives in Science: Essays on Scientific Biography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harman, Peter

    1997-09-01

    This collection of ten essays by historians of science, several of them biographers, is concerned with the role of scientific biography in forming conceptions of science and scientists. The essays include studies of the biographies of individual scientists, assessments of the aims and style of scientific portraits in different historical contexts, examinations of changing biographical interpretations of scientists, and much discussion of the methodological issues involved in the writing of scientific biographies. Many historians consider biography to be an ambiguous genre, its appeal based on nostalgia rather than history, with a focus on personality rather than historical context, but the biographer can reply that scientific biography reveals the practice of science at its most fundamental level. Indeed, scientific biography has provided a powerful medium in which public conceptions of science have been established. Einstein observed that 'the essential being of a man of my type lies in what he thinks and how he thinks', and his Autobiographical Notes suppress personality in favour of physics. But the biographer may see matters differently, and wish to integrate the public and the private life of the scientist. In their substantial introduction the editors discuss these and other problems, and the book is directed to the professional concerns of historians of science. While there is little here on the history of physics, Geoffrey Cantor's essay on public images of Faraday as constructed in popular biographies, a discussion of conflicting portraits of Faraday as romantic genius or hard-working slogger, may interest readers of this journal. (book review)

  20. Eine außergewöhnliche Biographie A Remarkable Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Rönz

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Erst im Alter von 44 Jahren, als ihre beiden Söhne erwachsen waren, begann die Wienerin Ida Pfeiffer Forschungsreisen zu unternehmen, die sie in den folgenden 16 Jahren zunächst ins Heilige Land und anschließend zweimal um die ganze Welt führen sollten. Die hierzu veröffentlichten Reiseberichte erfreuten sich beim zeitgenössischen Publikum großer Beliebtheit, die von den Reisen mitgebrachten Sammlungen stellten eine bedeutende Bereicherung für die Wissenschaft dar. Trotz dieser für die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts ungewöhnlichen weiblichen Biographie blieb Ida Pfeiffer dennoch in ihren Schriften eine Verfechterin der bürgerlichen Normen und Werte. Diesen widersprüchlichen Charakter zu beleuchten hat sich Gabriele Habinger zur Aufgabe gemacht.The Viennese born Ida Pfeiffer began undertaking research expeditions at the age of 44, after both of her sons were grown up. In the 16 years that followed, the trips led her first to the Holy Land and then finally two times around the world. The published travel reports were widely popular in the contemporary public and the collections brought back from the journeys constituted an enrichment for science. Despite this remarkable female biography for the mid-19th Century, in her writings Ida Pfeiffer remained a proponent for bourgeois morals and ideals. Gabriele Habinger made it her task to illuminate this contrasting character.

  1. Whey protein stories - An experiment in writing a multidisciplinary biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Tenna; Bechshoeft, Rasmus L; Giacalone, Davide; Otto, Marie Haulund; Castro-Mejía, Josue; Bin Ahmad, Hajar Fauzan; Reitelseder, Søren; Jespersen, Astrid Pernille

    2016-12-01

    This is an experimental, dual-purpose article about whey protein and how to conduct interdisciplinary analyses and writings. On the one hand, this article is a multidisciplinary commodity biography, which consists of five descriptions of whey protein written by the five different research groups involved in the interdisciplinary research project CALM(Counteracting Age-related loss of Skeletal Muscle Mass). On the other hand, it is a meta-analysis, which aims to uncover and highlight examples of how the five descriptions contribute to each other with insights into the contextualisation of knowledge, contrasts between the descriptions and the new dimensions they bring to established fields of interest. The meta-analysis also contains a discussion of interdisciplinary study objects and the usefulness of the multidisciplinary commodity biography as a format for interdisciplinary publications. The article contributes to the field of food studies with a multidisciplinary biography of whey protein - including its sensory qualities and challenges, insights into its cultural history, its nutritional value and effects on the human body and an analysis of how it is perceived by people who consume it. The biography thereby expands upon existing understandings of whey protein while discussing the usefulness of employing the commodity biography format in interdisciplinary writing. Moreover, the article contributes to the field of interdisciplinary research by providing a practical example of a joint publication and reflections upon the existence, interaction and possibilities of monodisciplinary knowledge structures within interdisciplinary studies and publications.

  2. Polish-Jewish and Jewish-Polish Biographies: Repeated Reconnaissance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Czyżak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article contains reflections on changes in biographical writing, especially biography of persons of heterogenous ethnic identity. The biographies are not only reconstructions of an individual’s life, but also a clear testimony and reflection of changes in collective consciousness. It turns out that biographies also discover, in a peculiar way, the author’s identity, who, in the process of selection and creation of a biographical text, reveals a part of their own history. This aspect is clearly seen in texts by second and third generation Holocaust survivors, and is demonstrated by interpretations of Magdalena Tulli’s Włoskie szpilki [Italian High Heels] and Piotr Paziński’s Pensjonat [Boarding house].

  3. Notes on the Method of World-System Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevan Harris

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available C. Wright Mills boiled the social sciences down to one sentence: “They are attempts to help us understand biography and history, and the connections between the two in a variety of social structures.” This special issue considers biography as an fruitful entry point into macro-historical sociology. With lineages from Marx and Weber to Wallerstein and Bourdieu, the sociology of the individual can produce a clearer path between the muddy oppositions of structure and agency or the longue durée and the event. This special issue unbinds biography from methodological nationalism and the teleology of great men tales. Instead, we aim to show how individuals are "a world within a world," an acting subject structured within world historical time and place.

  4. Reclaiming and Reimagining Macro Social Work Education: A Collective Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netting, F. Ellen; O'Connor, Mary Katherine; Cole, Portia L.; Hopkins, Karen; Jones, Jenny L.; Kim, Youngmi; Leisey, Monica; Mulroy, Elizabeth A.; Rotabi, Karen Smith; Thomas, M. Lori; Weil, Marie O.; Wike, Traci L.

    2016-01-01

    The authors focus on a collective biography of 12 women social work educators, all either tenured or in tenure lines, from five different universities at the time of the study. The participants represent several aspects of macro practice including administration, planning, community practice, and policy. Beginning with reflections about coming…

  5. "It is Hard Fun": Scaffolded Biography Writing with English Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlak, Christina M.

    2013-01-01

    Using Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as a theoretical framework, a team of university staff and educators at a traditionally under-performing urban elementary school built a collaboration aimed at enhancing writing instruction. The current qualitative research study, which was part of this larger project, focused on biography writing in Eva…

  6. Vadim Kuznetsov. Informal Biography by Eyes of His First Adviser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Komarov

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper is dedicated to the memory of prominent theoretical physicist and mathematician Dr. Vadim Kuznetsov who worked, in particular, in the fields of the nonlinear dynamics, separation of variables, integrability theory, special functions. It includes his short research biography, an account of the start of his research career and the list of publications.

  7. Collective Biography and Memory Work: Girls Reading Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    Collective biography draws on memory work methods developed initially by feminist sociologists (Haug et al., 1987) where people collaboratively examined the social and discursive resources through which they take themselves up as particular gendered subjects in the world. Their own memories become resources to investigate processes of…

  8. The Stegman Papers: biography of a leader in dermatologic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redbord, Kelley P; Hanke, C William

    2012-06-01

    The Stegman Papers is a biography of Dr. Samuel J. Stegman. The papers were collected by Dr. Stegman during his lifetime as a dermatologic surgeon and leader. The manuscript includes a time line of Dr. Stegman's life and listing of his accomplishments, including significant publications.

  9. An evaluative biography of cynical realism and political pop

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kharchenkova, S.; Velthuis, O.; Berthoin Antal, A.; Hutter, M.; Stark, D.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter illustrates different regimes of justification by tracing the evaluative biography of two Chinese contemporary art styles, in order to explain their artistic and commercial success. The movements developed in the aftermath of the Tiananmen massacre, when censorship of contemporary art w

  10. Olive Banks and the Collective Biography of British Feminism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Gaby

    2008-01-01

    This paper considers Olive Banks' work on charting the history and development of British feminism, and particularly her use of collective biography as a research and analytic tool. It is argued that while this has been seen as the least "fashionable" aspect of her work, it took forward C. Wright Mills' contention for one definition of…

  11. Biography as an Art: Selected Criticism 1560-1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, James L., Ed.

    Forty-seven essays from five centuries of writings on biography are contained in this book. Selections are arranged under the following headings: "Before 1700" (9 selections), "The Eighteenth Century" (5), "The Nineteenth Century" (11), "Early Twentieth Century" (14), and "Mid-Twentieth Century" (8). Authors range from Francis Bacon to Leon Edel.…

  12. Portraits: Biography and Autobiography in the Secondary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Margaret, Ed.; McGinnis, Jo, Ed.

    Prepared by experienced classroom teachers from all levels, the articles in this book explain how to use biography and autobiography as a basis for the thorough study of a topic in literature, history, the social sciences, or other subject areas. The nine articles in the first section of the book use Maya Angelou's "I Know Why the Caged Bird…

  13. American Prometheus. The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Biography; J. Robert Oppenheimer. Die Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, Kai; Sherwin, Martin J.

    2009-07-01

    A definitive portrait of legendary scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the ''father'' of the atomic bomb, discusses his seminal role in the twentieth-century scientific world, as well as his lesser-known roles as family man, supposed communist, and head of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies. ''American Prometheus'' is a rich evocation of America in mid-century and a compelling portrait of scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a man shaped by its major events--the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War. (orig.) [German] J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), der ''Vater der Atombombe'', zaehlt zu den schillerndsten Figuren der juengeren Zeitgeschichte. Fuer ihre glaenzende Biographie des ''amerikanischen Prometheus'' erhielten der Journalist Kai Bird und der Historiker Martin J. Sherwin den Pulitzer-Preis. Exemplarisch lassen sie das Drama eines Forschers lebendig werden, der sich zwischen Erkenntnisdrang und ethischer Verantwortung entscheiden muss. Oppenheimer leitete das streng geheime Manhattan-Projekt in der Wueste von New Mexico, wo am 16. Juli 1945 die erste Atombombe gezuendet wurde. Kurz darauf starben in Hiroshima und Nagasaki mehr als 200 000 Menschen durch die neue ''Wunderwaffe'' - die Menschheit war ins Atomzeitalter eingetreten. Erschuettert von der Zerstoerungskraft seiner Schoepfung, engagierte sich Oppenheimer fortan gegen den Einsatz nuklearer Waffen. Das machte ihn im Amerika der McCarthy-Aera verdaechtig. Er geriet ins Visier des FBI, wurde als Spion der Sowjetunion verleumdet und musste den Staatsdienst quittieren. Sein Privatleben wurde an die Oeffentlichkeit gezerrt, seine Wohnung verwanzt, sein Telefon abgehoert. Erst 1963 rehabilitierte ihn Praesident Kennedy. Ueber dreissig Jahre hinweg haben die Autoren Interviews mit Oppenheimers Angehoerigen, Freunden und Kollegen gefuehrt, FBI-Akten gesichtet, Tonbaender von Reden und Verhoeren

  14. Becoming Men, Becoming-Men?: A Collective Biography

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Abstract In their collaborations over recent years the authors have worked, through their written dialogue, in pursuit of understanding subjectivities and their 'becomings'. Until now they have not explicitly explored their subjectivities as men. Their starting point in this paper is that they do not take the assignation 'men' for granted. Using collective biography, they are interested in how the worlds that they inhabited and that inhabited them in their early lives produced, and continue t...

  15. Sports Biographies of African American Football Players: The Racism of Colorblindness in Children's Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winograd, Ken

    2011-01-01

    This is an exploratory study of racism in a genre of children's literature that has been largely overlooked by research and teaching in multicultural children's literature: sports biographies and, in particular, the biographies of African American professional football players. By examining the race bias of this genre of children's literature, the…

  16. "He Said It All in the Painting": Using Visual Art to Interpret and Create Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lea, Susan G.; Sipe, Lawrence R.; O'Loughlin, Tricia

    2011-01-01

    This article is centrally focused on teaching biography to second grade children in new and intriguing ways. In this article, the authors discuss the use of a multimodal integrated visual art and literacy curriculum in student investigations, interpretations, and writing of biography. Section one describes the wider project of conceptualizing an…

  17. Portraits in medical biography: Alexander Pope (1688-1744), poet, patient, celebrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Douglas

    2013-11-01

    Portraits are underused in the medical biographies of patients, yet they can illuminate health concerns and even health itself in many ways. Tying portraiture and medicine together analytically yields many insights into Pope's medical biography - from his response to satirical ridicule to his friends' concern for his health - without abandoning his portraits as works of 'art'.

  18. Guiding Inquiry with Biography Breaks and the C3 Framework: Can One Person Make a Difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Terrell A.; Miner, Amy Baird

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore how teachers can use biography breaks to address the National Council of the Social Studies C3 inquiry framework and in the process meet requirements of the Common Core State Standards. We begin by illustrating and explaining biography breaks. Then we introduce the C3 framework and explain as well as…

  19. Biography, Identity, and Inquiry: The Making of Teacher, Teacher Educator, and Researcher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skerrett, Allison

    2008-01-01

    This is a self-study of my professional and cultural biography and identity, a history which directed me first toward the work of urban teaching and then into teacher education and research into comparative educational issues of racial and national identity. I use this inquiry to demonstrate how biography and identity influences the lived…

  20. Portrayal of Life Form in Selected Biographies for Children Eight to Twelve Years of Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Shirley Lois

    This study describes and analyzes, in a critical literary manner, selected biographies for children eight to twelve years of age. Biographies of Jane Addams, Cesar Chavez, Mohandas Gandhi, Toyohiko Kagawa, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Albert Schweitzer are viewed from the perspective of a literary criterion based on the principles of design to…

  1. Making Sense of Scientific Biographies: Scientific Achievement, Nature of Science, and Storylines in College Students' Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Seyoung

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the educative value of scientific biographies will be explored, especially for non-science major college students. During the "Scientist's life and thought" course, 66 college students read nine scientific biographies including five biologists, covering the canonical scientific achievements in Western scientific history.…

  2. Human Progress Never Rolls in on Wheels of Inevitability: Biographies of Martin Luther King, Jr., in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazemek, Francis E.

    1990-01-01

    Presents resources for teaching about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Outlines criteria for selecting biographies for children and young adults. Identifies problems in certain biographies of King, and recommends high quality biographies of King. Discusses exercises for integrating themes from King's life into the classroom. (RW)

  3. Efficacy of ACA strategies in biography-driven science teaching: an investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Grizelda L.; Miller, Stuart S.; Murry, Kevin; Herrera, Socorro; Spears, Jacqueline D.

    2013-12-01

    This study explored the biography-driven approach to teaching culturally and linguistically diverse students in science education. Biography-driven instruction (BDI) embraces student diversity by incorporating students' sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, and academic dimensions of their biographies into the learning process (Herrera in Biography-driven culturally responsive teaching. Teachers College Press, New York, 2010). Strategies have been developed (Herrera, Kavimandan and Holmes in Crossing the vocabulary bridge: differentiated strategies for diverse secondary classrooms. Teachers College Press, New York, 2011) that provide teachers with instructional routines that facilitate BDI. Using systematic classroom observations we empirically demonstrate that these activate, connect, affirm, strategies are likely to be effective in increasing teachers' biography-driven practices. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  4. Athletes confessions: the sports biography as an interaction ritual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thing, L F; Ronglan, L T

    2015-04-01

    Commercialization of emotions is not a new phenomenon but in Denmark there is a new general trend to tell and sell personal stories in the media. Personal deprivation and crises are also major topics in sports media. This paper focuses on sports biographies as a book genre that is reviving in popularity. The paper approaches the topic through the biographies of one Danish athlete: the former professional cyclist, Jesper Skibby, who writes about his doping disclosure and shares his personal dilemmas as a former elite sportsman. The thematic text analysis orientates around social interactions, emotions, and personality constructions. Inspired by microsociology with a Durkheimian flavor of Goffman and Hochschild, themes including "face work," "interaction rituals," and "emotions management" are discussed. The analysis claims that sharing personal information in the media is not only a means of confession and reclaiming status but is also business and management - on an intimate level. Telling the story of the corrosion of a sporting character has become a hot issue, an entertainment, and not least a commercial commitment.

  5. J.B. McLachlan: a biography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frank, D.

    1999-07-01

    This social history and biography of James Bryson McLaughlin (1869-1916) describes McLaughlin's leadership as an educator and instigator in organizing Nova Scotia's coal miners during the labour wars in the 1920s. McLaughlin's background and childhood, education, reputation, religion, family life, health, and death are described. Included are descriptions of the life of coal miners in Cape Breton, radical left politics in Canada and the organizers involved, the political economy of the coal industry, child labour, churches, coal markets and prices, company towns and housing, mining disasters and fatalities, elections, First World War efforts, the depression, immigrants, and strikes. The labour organizations, companies, churches, and politicians involved in the struggles for union acceptance are discussed. 872 refs., 7 figs., 24 photos.

  6. A life of Erwin Schroedinger; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Walter J.

    2012-07-01

    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientists of the 20th century at all and - a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest in people and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he got the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedinger's cat''. Walter Moore's biography is very close to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his private friendships, his interest in mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  7. Eine außergewöhnliche Biographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Rönz

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Erst im Alter von 44 Jahren, als ihre beiden Söhne erwachsen waren, begann die Wienerin Ida Pfeiffer Forschungsreisen zu unternehmen, die sie in den folgenden 16 Jahren zunächst ins Heilige Land und anschließend zweimal um die ganze Welt führen sollten. Die hierzu veröffentlichten Reiseberichte erfreuten sich beim zeitgenössischen Publikum großer Beliebtheit, die von den Reisen mitgebrachten Sammlungen stellten eine bedeutende Bereicherung für die Wissenschaft dar. Trotz dieser für die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts ungewöhnlichen weiblichen Biographie blieb Ida Pfeiffer dennoch in ihren Schriften eine Verfechterin der bürgerlichen Normen und Werte. Diesen widersprüchlichen Charakter zu beleuchten hat sich Gabriele Habinger zur Aufgabe gemacht.

  8. Biographies of Romanian Physicists. Vol. 1. Outstanding Romanian Physicists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionescu-Pallas, Nicolae

    1998-01-01

    Biographies and the most important works of the following physiscists are written: Bacaloglu Emanuel (1830-1891), Farkas Gyula (1847-1930), Hepites Stefan (1851-1922), Negreanu Dimitrie (1858-1908), Bungeteanu Dimitrie (1860-1932), Miculescu Constantin (1863-1937), Hurmuzescu Dragomir (1865-1954), Donici Nicolae (1874-1956), Maior Augustin (1882-1963), Oteteleseanu Enric (1885 - 1948), Demetrescu Gheorghe (1885 - 19690, Badarau Eugen (1997-1975), Procopiu Stefan (1890-1972), Athanasiu Gheorghe (1893-1972), Marian Victor (1896-1971), Huluibei Horia (1896-1972), Proca Alexandru (1897-1955), Vencov Stefan (1899-1955), Ionescu Theodor (1899-1988), Ionescu Aurel (1902-1954), Manu Gheorghe I. (1903-1954), Herovanu Mircea (1904-1960), Agarbiceanu Ion (1907 - 1971), Titeica Serban (1908-1985), Auslander Iosif (1911-1978), Ciorascu Florin (1914-1977).

  9. Biography and Action: A Schutzian Perspective to Life-world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermílio Santos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting with the discussion on free-will and action, this paper discusses how Alfred Schutz approaches these issues for the comprehension of life-world. After a brief overview on how contemporary philosophers as Ernst Tugendhat and Ulrich Pothast face these problem, it is argued that for Schutz action plays a central role in his conception of life-world. The article goes further and advocates for the importance of exploring individual biographies as a way to provide an accurate understanding of actions. By the end of this text, it is suggested that the biographical narrative approach, as proposed by Fritz Schütze, as well as by Gabriele Rosenthal, is an important contribution to the Schutz’ perspective of the life-world and to adequately explore the most different social phenomena.

  10. La biographie, un genre historique retrouvé

    OpenAIRE

    Bennassar, Bartolomé

    2014-01-01

    L’historiographie anglo-saxonne a toujours réservé une place de choix à la biographie. En revanche, celle-ci, après avoir connu quelques livres à succès, tel le Napoléon de Jacques Bainville (1931), a longtemps été considérée comme un genre mineur par l’histoire universitaire, en France et dans d’autres pays latins, tels l’Espagne et l’Italie. On assurait parfois qu’elle était réservée aux « historiens des alcôves ». Tout récemment, l’un des directeurs des Éditions Fayard, Denis Maraval (2004...

  11. The Physicist and Astronomer Christoper Scheiner - Biography Letters, Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daxecker, Franz

    The Jesuit priest Christopher Scheiner was one of the most influential astronomers of the first half of the 17th century. He was a creative and down-to-earth natural scientist who worked in the fields of astronomy, physics, optics and ophthalmology, while following his vocations as university lecturer, church builder and pastor. In scientific matters he was Galilei's opponent. Their dispute centred on the priority of discovery in regard to the sunspots. Scheiner was not the first to discover the sunspots, but he gave the most detailed account thereofin his main work "Rosa Ursina sive Sol". He was, however, ceaseless in his defense of the geocentric system. In 1891, Anton v.Braunmühl published a biography of Father Scheiner. Ever since then, new documents have come to light, justifying the publication of a new biography. Among the documents now available is Scheiner's hitherto unknown dissertation. Notes taken during his lectures in Ingolstadt provide valuable information on astronomy using the telescope, an invention of his lifetime. His exchange of letters with personalities like Archduke Leopold V of Austria-Tyrol, with scientists like Magini, Galilei, Gassendi, Kepler and confriars Rader, Guldin, Alber, Minutuli, Cysat und Kircher is a source of precious insights. Letters to Scheiner from the Father Generals of his order display evidence of his superiors' zero tolerance for the helincentric system. They also disclose Scheiner's wish to become a missionary in China, the financial difficulties he faced while trying to find a publisher for his "Rosa Ursina sive Sol" and his personal shortcomings. A Scheiner obituary from 1650 was found in Cracow in 2001. It contains information on the troublesome last years of his life and has finally allowed us to determine the year of his birth. Scheiner's personality has been praised as well as criticized by many authors - sometimes depending on their ideological backgrounds. This holds true especially regarding the argument

  12. Personality and Biography: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the History of Adult Education. Volume II: Biographies of Adult Educators from Five Continents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedenthal-Haase, Martha, Ed.

    This volume contains 36 biographies: "I.T.A. Wallace-Johnson and Radical Adult Education (AE) in Sierra Leone in the Years 1938/1939" (Turay); "Frank C. Laubach as the Father of the Adult Literacy Movement in India" (Ghosh); "A Historical Study on the Theory and Practice of Social and AE in Korea" (Lee); "Integrative Adult Educators" (Yaron);…

  13. The Category Biography and Its Writing Features in Historical Records%《史记》类传及其撰写特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖振宇

    2014-01-01

    In some biographies of Historical Records, Sima Qian used the category biography t .But until now people cannot i-dentify which biographies belong to the category biography .Through analysis and exploration , this paper reaches a conclusion that there are all together eleven biographies in Historical Records that fall into the category biography .They are:The Queen's Family, The Biography oft he Assassins, The Biography of the Honest Government Officials, The Biography of the Scholars, The Biography of the Cruel Government Officials, The Biography of Paladins, The Biography of Sycophants, The Biography of the Jesters, The Biogra-phy of the Fortune Tellers, The Biography of Guice, The Biography of the Money-Makers.The character category biographies of Re-cords of the Historian have two distinctive features:comments before narration and the combination of details and omissions .%司马迁在《史记》的一些纪传中,使用了类传方式写人叙事,但《史记》中到底哪些传纪属于类传,至今人们没有完全搞清楚。《史记》中的类传共有《外戚世家》《刺客列传》《循吏列传》《儒林列传》《酷吏列传》《游侠列传》《佞幸列传》《滑稽列传》《日者列传》《龟策列传》《货殖列传》等11篇。《史记》中的人物类传具有先议后叙、详略结合两个鲜明突出的特点。

  14. Biography,from History to Literature%传记:从历史到文学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙德喜

    2011-01-01

    Biography belongs to history in the ancient time and most of their writers are history officials.And the biography writers are loyal to history and responsible for history.The aim of biography writing is that history is regarded as a mirror for rulers.In%传记在古代隶属于历史,作者以史官为主,重在忠于历史,对历史负责,意在以史为鉴。进入20世纪,传记随着社会变革发生了转型,向文学领域迈进。传记作者的文学意识开始自觉并且日渐突出,传记作品的文学性渐渐得到强化,传记的审美功能日益显著。

  15. Exploring Pre-Service Teachers' Historical Thinking through the Cooperative Biography: A Design-Based Research Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes, David A.

    2012-01-01

    Through Design-Based Research (Cobb, et al., 2003), this study explores the intended outcomes and processes of the Cooperative Biography project. This research provides an "iterative analysis" (Cobb, et al., 2003) of how pre-service teachers experienced history while engaged in a Cooperative Biography, in a teacher-education setting.…

  16. Representacion E Identidad: Content Analysis of Latina Biographies for Primary and Preadolescent Children Published 1955-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Margaret A.

    2012-01-01

    This study discusses the results of a content analysis of 75 Latina biographies for primary and pre-adolescent students that were published over a 16-year period, spanning from 1995 to 2010. Significant to this study was how Latinas were represented in the biographies and what changes can be seen over time. Using a rubric based on research by…

  17. Time and death in compiled adab "biographies"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kilpatrick, Hilary

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In mediaeval Arabic belles-lettres (adab, accounts of lives are usually made up of quite short reports akhbār. These akhbār. are arranged in different ways, one of which is chronological order, but the compilers of such accounts apparently accord relative insignificance to chronological order. This paper examines some "biographies" compiled by al-Ṣūlī and Abū 1-Faraj al-Iṣbahānī, showing that temporal progression can exist in a "biographical" presentation, either alone or more often combined with other ways of organising the material. It then focuses on the placing of subjects' deaths in life accounts and on how they are integrated with the rest of the material. In conclusion, I suggest that when temporal progression is absent in "biographical" presentations, this should be seen as reflecting a mediaeval Arabic approach to life writing which differs from modem expectations but has its own rationale.

    En el género árabe medieval del adab (bellas letras, los relatos de vidas están normalmente compuestos a base de pequeñas noticias (ajbār. Estos ajbār están organizados de distintas maneras, una de las cuales es el orden cronológico, aunque los compiladores de tales noticias dan aparentemente poca importancia a tal orden. Este artículo estudia algunas «biografías» recogidas por al-Ṣūlī y Abū 1-Faraŷ al-Iṣbahānī, y muestra que la progresión temporal puede existir en las presentaciones «biográficas», sola o junto con otras formas de organizar el material. En él se analiza también el lugar que las muertes de los personajes ocupan en el relato de sus vidas, y cómo se integran en el resto del material. En conclusión, propongo que si la progresión temporal está ausente en las presentaciones «biográficas», ello se debe a la manera característica que la literatura árabe medieval tiene de enfocar los relatos de vida, que posee su propia lógica, aunque difiera

  18. Time Travel Is Possible: Historical Fiction and Biography, Passport to the Past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Nancy; Ebert, Jane

    Students must learn more than facts if history is to become meaningful for them. They do not relate to names of battles, dates of treaties, or to statistics any more than adults do. They relate to individuals, emotions, and stories that have the ability to arouse their curiosity. The use of historical fiction and biography has the potential of…

  19. Improvising in music: A learning biography study to reveal skill acquisition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wopereis, Iwan; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2010-01-01

    Wopereis, I. G. J. H., Van Merriënboer, J. J. G., & Kirschner, P. A. (2010). Improvising in music: A learning biography study to reveal skill acquisition. In K. Gomez, L. Lyons, & J. Radinsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Vol. 2 (pp. 419-420). Chic

  20. A Collective Biography of the Founders of the American Association of University Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Alberta J.

    2013-01-01

    This archival study used constructivist grounded theory to document the educational and professional lives of seventeen women who founded the Association of Collegiate Alumnae (ACA) in 1881, which later became known as the American Association of University Women (AAUW). This study resulted in a collective biography of the seventeen women which…

  1. Meeting Held for the Publication of Biography of Han Xu——Experience of a Diplomat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OurStaffReporter

    2004-01-01

    Ameeting for the publication of the Book Biography of Han Xu——Experience of a Diplomat was held in the auditorium of the CPAFFC on September 20. Chen Haosu, president of the CPAFFC, and Wang Chengjia, president of the World Affairs Press, co-chaired the meeting. About 60 former colleagues, subordinates,

  2. Identity and Biography as Mediators of Science and Mathematics Faculty's Involvement in K-12 Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skerrett, Allison; Sevian, Hannah

    2010-01-01

    This article explores aspects of science and mathematics faculty identities and biographies that mediated their involvement in K-12 service. Faculty expressed five motivations for participating in K-12 service--advancing their research agenda, advocating environmental consciousness, desiring to be involved in their children's schools, aspiring to…

  3. Meeting Held for the Publication of Biography of Han Xu——Experience of a Diplomat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>A meeting for the publication of the Book Biography of Han Xu--Experience of a Diplomat was held in the auditorium of the CPAFFC on September 20. Chen Haosu, president of the CPAFFC, and Wang Chengjia, president of the World Affairs Press, co-chaired the meeting. About

  4. The Gendering of Albert Einstein and Marie Curie in Children's Biographies: Some Tensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Rachel E.; Jarrard, Amber R.; Tippins, Deborah J.

    2009-01-01

    Few twentieth century scientists have generated as much interest as Albert Einstein and Marie Currie. Their lives are centrally depicted in numerous children's biographies of famous scientists. Yet their stories reflect interesting paradoxes and tacit sets of unexplored sociocultural assumptions about gender in science education and the larger…

  5. Going to School with Madame Curie and Mr. Einstein: Gender Roles in Children's Science Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Trevor

    2009-01-01

    One of the first places children encounter science and scientists is children's literature. Children's books about science and scientists have, however, received limited scholarly attention. By exploring the history of children's biographies of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein, the two most written about scientist in children's literature, this…

  6. Biographie und Historizität im Wissenschaftsideal : Goethes Weg zur Naturerkenntnis am Beispiel seiner Farbenlehre

    OpenAIRE

    Vedøy, Mons Andreas Finne

    2003-01-01

    Sammendrag: Synopsis Goethe entwarf in seiner Farbenlehre ein naturwissenschaftsmethodisches Ideal, mit dem ein Naturdenken einhergeht, das die Ausrichtung und Methode der modernen Naturwissenschaft, so wie sie von einem seiner wichtigsten Vertreter, Isaac Newton, entwickelt wurde, zu ersetzen versucht. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden Goethes Motivationen für die Auflehnung gegen das moderne naturwissenschaftliche Denken anhand seiner Biographie untersucht, in der drei Haupthemen ...

  7. Biography in (Education Historiography. A Brief Sketch of a Complex Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Zago

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to reconstruct the role and development of biography in the Italian history of pedagogy after Italian unification, when education historiography began to gain its own autonomy. The first step is to identify the main features of educators biographies; the second step is to describe their evolution in the last forty years. In order to gain a deeper knowledge of this evolution, a large part of this study is devoted to describe the relationship between biography and historiography and to analyze the different attitudes towards the «individual» and individual actions as much as the standard models of biography in the course of time. How to reference this article Zago, G. (2016. La biografia nella storiografia e nella storiografia dell’educazione. Linee evolutive di un rapporto complesso. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 3(1, 203-234. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2016.003.001.11

  8. Musicians’ profession-related health issues and their evolving transformative learning through biography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smilde, Rineke

    2009-01-01

    Within a study on ‘musicians as lifelong learners’, explorative biographical research was used. When analysing the learning biographies informed by grounded theory, the emergence of profession-related health issues was striking. More than half of the portrayed musicians suffered from both physical a

  9. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the fourth volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  10. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the third volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  11. "Working Lives": The Use of Auto/Biography in the Development of a Sociological Imagination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David

    2015-01-01

    This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…

  12. Orlonia's "Literacy-in-Persons": Expanding Notions of Literacy through Biography and History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Amy Suzanne; Cowles, Lauren

    2009-01-01

    Life history methods were used to explore the literate identity of one African American woman, Orlonia, who lives and works in a small rural community in the southeastern United States. Specifically, the authors explore how Orlonia's literate identity is constantly developing throughout her life, taking place in frames of biography and history.…

  13. A Short Biography of Paul A. M. Dirac and Historical Development of Dirac Delta Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with a short biography of Paul Dirac, his first celebrated work on quantum mechanics, his first formal systematic use of the Dirac delta function and his famous work on quantum electrodynamics and quantum statistics. Included are his first discovery of the Dirac relativistic wave equation, existence of positron and the intrinsic…

  14. What's in a Research Project: Some Thoughts on the Intersection of History, Social Structure, and Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popkewitz, Thomas S.

    1988-01-01

    This article focuses on the social formation of research by considering autobiography, biography, and institutions. The discussion covers the relation of U.S. corporate liberalism, Protestant theology, and Jewish identity, and the role of the university in the administration of the state. (TE)

  15. Biography in the Study of Public Administration: Towards a Portrait of a Whitehall Mandarin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribbins, Peter; Sherratt, Brian

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on part of an on-going interview-based study of the eight permanent secretaries who served at the Department for Education from 1976 to 2012. Following a discussion of the relevance of biography to the study of public sector administrators, it presents a portrait of Sir Tim Lankester. Based on his own account and that of…

  16. Inclusion of the personal biography in daily care – a qualitative study / Einbezug der Biographie in den Pflegealltag – eine qualitative Studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kipfer Stephanie

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In Switzerland, 39% of nursing home residents have a dementia related disease. Behavioral symptoms are increasingly observed as dementia progresses. These symptoms impair patients’ quality of life and are distressing to family caregivers and nurses. A person-centered approach, which includes the resident’s individual biography, reduces such symptoms. The most current literature describes how therapists include biographical information in designated therapies. However person-centered care takes place not only in specific activities. Nurses are responsible for their patients’ care 24 hours a day.

  17. Novel-Biography in the Context of Modernist Aesthetics (Based on V. Woolf Novel “Orlando”)

    OpenAIRE

    Kunytska, Iryna

    2016-01-01

    Based on the research of novel “Orlando” by Virginia Woolf the thesis proved that novel-biography is the kind of modernistic novel. The classic form of biographical novel in the system of modernistic aesthetics gained other function substantially. Modernism created a foundation so that a writer could use someone’s biography on their way to self-knowledge. The main idea was the internal harmony of creative individuals. Before the documentary became fiction and modernist there should have been ...

  18. The scientometric biography of a leading scientist working on the field of bio-energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konur, Ozcan [Sirnak University Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Turkey)], email: okonur@hotmail.com

    2011-07-01

    This paper presents a scientometric biography of a Turkish scientist, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Demirbas, who is a leading figure in the field of bio-energy. It describes the method and importance of doing such biographies and suggests that there are too few of them, this one being the first in this specific area. It provides insight into the individual, his work, his research and links in his field of studies and research. Prof. Dr. Demirbas has spent almost three decades in research, particularly in the field of bio-energy. He has researched and taught in the field of renewable energies including biodiesels, biofuels, biomass pyrolysis, liquefaction and gasification, biogas, bioalcohols, and biohydrogen. He has also studied a great variety of subjects, such as the development of pulp from plants, chemical and engineering thermodynamics, chemical and energy education, global climate change, drinking water and cereal analyses. He has published 454 articles as of 2011.

  19. Screening Jane. When History, Biography and Fiction create a Cinematic Life.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Grandi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the interesting technique of adaptation of the film Becoming Jane, a biopic on the life of Jane Austen, released in 2007. Loosely based on Jon Spence's biography Becoming Jane Austen, the film faces the problem of the scarcity of information on Jane Austen's life through a technique that, if not original nor always satisfying, is nevertheless worth being studied. By recurring to the character descriptions and the anecdotes narrated in the novels, the film (and Spence's book too "fills in the blanks" in Austen's life by adding touches of romance with questionable historical accuracy and fictionalizes the writer's biography in order to adapt it to the stereotype of modern romantic film heroines.

  20. 从《伯夷列传》到《司马穰苴列传》看《史记》列传文体前期的发展%The Early Stage Style Development of the Biographies of ShiJi in the Perspectives of Biography of BoYi and Biographies of Simarangju

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨昊鸥

    2015-01-01

    《史记》列传文体形态丰富多变,一直受到历代《史记》评点家、研究者的关注而尚未开展深入的研究。《史记》列传的前四篇(《伯夷列传》、《管晏列传》、《老子韩非列传》、《司马穰苴列传》)实际上包含着《史记》列传在文体上早期的形态变化,这种变化呈现出引用和评论手段的缩减,以及叙事成分的不断加重的趋势,也即意味着《史记》列传文体由传统经传转向为新型史传的重要转变。%The literary form style of biography of ShiJi is complex and varied. Importance had been always attached to this problem by researchers in past dynasties, yet profound study had not been done. The first four biographies in ShiJi, including Biography of BoYi, Biography of GuanZi and Yanzi, Biography of LaoZi and HanFei, Biography of Simarangju,contained the change of style about the early Biography of ShiJi. This change presented the trend that quote and comment reduced while narration increased at the same time, that there was a great change in the literary form style of Biography of ShiJi into ShiZhuan Sytle from JingZhuan Sytle.

  1. Shildrick’s monster: exploring a new approach to difference/disability through collective biography

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Working with memories generated in a collective biography workshop on difference/disability and drawing in particular on Shildrick’s (2002) analysis of monstrosity, this paper analyses the ambivalent processes through which difference is othered and abjected. It argues that through the process of abjection we disown for ourselves whatever qualities are being categorised as monstrous, with negative effects not just on the other, but also on the self. We look at the ambivalence of ‘reclaiming t...

  2. Eliot Freidson: progression and constraints in the biography of an intellectual

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira Neto,André

    2009-01-01

    Eliot Freidson (1923-2005) is considered one of the founders of the sociology of medicine. Both his critics and admirers in the sociological and medical fields recognize his work as an international benchmark. This paper analyzes Freidson's intellectual biography without concentrating on his ideas or their transformation over the course of time. The emphasis is on the personal constraints that marked his intellectual career within a broader context, with the many different opportunities and c...

  3. Die Verflechtung von Biographie und musikalischer Diegese in Clint Eastwoods BIRD (USA 1988)

    OpenAIRE

    Strank, Willem

    2010-01-01

    In den 1980er Jahren wurde die Tradition des Musiker-Biopics auf dem Gebiet des Jazzmusikers durch einige wesentliche Exempel wiederbelebt. Eines der wichtigsten Beispiele war hierbei mit Sicherheit der wenig später entstandene Film BIRD von Clint Eastwood aus dem Jahre 1988. Der Versuch einer filmischen Biographie von Charlie Parker muss hierbei von Vornherein problematisch erscheinen: Erstens ist es kaum möglich, sein Leben wie im traditionellen Hollywood-Biopic mit einem verklärenden Happy...

  4. Tell me a story: MMPI responses and personal biography in the case of a serial killer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, David S

    2006-06-01

    The interpretation of MMPI (Hathaway & McKinley, 1943) profiles has emphasized a language of pathological attribution that often serves the interests of clinical description and actuarial prediction better than those of individual case formulation and an understanding of the adaptive forces involved in the production of symptomatic behavior. In this article, I illustrate a contrasting approach, one that emphasizes MMPI items and scales as instruments of personal biography, with the case of the serial murderer Jeffrey Dahmer.

  5. [Urology and National Socialism. Paul Rosenstein 1875-1964, the disrupted biography of a Jewish urologist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, F H; Krischel, M; Rathert, P; Fangerau, H

    2011-09-01

    The biography of Paul Rosenstein (1875-1964) serves as an example of the fate of a Jewish scientist at the beginning of the twentieth century in an area of conflict between the development of urology as a specialty at greater urban hospitals, professional achievements as a surgeon and scientist, drastic breaks during Nazi era and escape from Nazi terror via New York to Brazil.

  6. 医家传记研究的若干思考%Thoughts on physician's biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建平

    2011-01-01

    医家传记是以医学人物为主线的医学史书,是医学史的重要内容,具有不可替代的作用,以及重要的人文和史鉴价值.指出医家传记的史学属性和一般分类.提出在对传统医家传记的回顾和剖析的基础上,继承优良传统,不断创新,内史与外史相结合,将医家回归到历史情景之中,借鉴人类学方法,写出有时代特色的医家传记——具有新视角、新方法、资料新、体例有继承有发展、观点新、结论新、成果形式多样等特点.%Biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner are historical books describing the life of medical people. As a crucial part of medical history, it is of great value for both humanity and historical references. This paper elucidates the historical property and makes classification of the biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner. It advocates the point of inheriting fine tradition and making innovations based on the review and analysis of traditional biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner. Innovative biographies of Chinese medicine practitioner, those characterized by new perspective, methodology, sources, style, viewpoints, findings and varied achievements, are made by integrative study of both formal and informal history, a careful consideration of the historical setting, and adoption of the methodology of anthropology.

  7. One Name, Several (Wo)Men: Cultural Categories Of Identity In Virginia Woolf's Orlando: A Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Sanfelici, Aline

    2009-01-01

    This study discusses cultural categories of identity in the portrayal of Orlando in Virginia Woolf's novel, Orlando: A Biography. The analysis of the character in light of the intersections between nation, class, and gender, shows that there is a conflict in the novel as it presents at the same time a transgressive text and a normatizing subtext, a conflict that must be criticized for its implications in cultural studies regarding identity and emancipatory politics.Keywords: Virginia Woolf, O...

  8. 人物传记研究综述%Survey of biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易平; 刘宗田; 周文

    2009-01-01

    对近年来国内外人物传记研究进行了综述,从人物传记研究的开始到人物传记的相关技术与应用,力图说明自动 人物传记的研究进展,展望其未来的发展趋势.目前互联网文字信息膨胀,从多个文本中自动提取人物的传记性信息研究 有重大研究价值,不仅能够促进信息抽取和自动文摘的发展,而且能够产生一些重大应用.%A survey of the literature about the researches on biography in recent years domestic and abroad is mainly from engendering of biography to its related technique and application, review, development trend. With the expansion oflnternet text, biography sum-marization as a text about a person's information extracted from mutli-documents has important research values. Not only promote the development of information extraction and automatic abstraction but also have some significant applications.

  9. The many lives of Charles Darwin: early biographies and the definitive evolutionist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lightman, Bernard

    2010-12-20

    This article focuses on the early book-length biographies of Darwin published from his death in 1882 up to 1900. By making 1900 the cutoff point I can examine the biographies produced when the iconic figure was not yet set in stone, and before the rediscovery of Mendel's work in the early twentieth century and the anniversary celebrations of 1909 changed the way in which Darwin was regarded. Darwin's biographers dealt with three major themes. First, several biographers emphasized his scientific abilities, in particular his powers of observation and his prowess in conducting experiments. Second, many biographers discussed his character, a key issue in determining whether or not he could be trusted as a scientific guide. Finally, his scientific theories and religious beliefs, and how they related to the evolutionary controversy, formed a topic taken up by most biographers. By focusing on these three themes, the biographies published before 1900 were important in shaping the image of Darwin that was forming in American and British culture.

  10. Soviet “Life Canon” in scientist’s biography and problem of its overcoming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khazagerov Georgii Georgievich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to one of the fragments of modern textual culture, namely the presentation of the image of the scientist, usually presented in the book, devoted to anniversaries. Often it is the memories of students. Scientific pathos of the article is due to the fact that these memories do not always create a life image of the scientist, not realizing his appointment. Often different publications not only smooth personal traits of individuals, but also smooth individual features of the style of the authors and individual differences of their texts. The article identifies the causes of these phenomena. One of them is blind, non-functional copy of topos characteristic of Soviet biographies. It is, for example, a topos of poverty and democratic origin of the scientist who during the Soviet biographies was intended to carry out agitation and didactic function. Combining topos with biographical frame results in a maximum leveling in the representation of a person. Thus it appears what the article calls “Soviet life canon.” Another reason for the smoothing of individual style and create a speculative form of teaching is the penetration in the biographical genre of officialese expressing indifferent attitude to people. Concerning modern biographies of scientists officialese involves business style, that serves genres of reviews, i.e. all that is related to business decision-making relating to the work of the scientist. The article pointed out ways to overcome these negative trends in modern publications related to the demand for intimization category, which primarily should be shown in the plot structure of the narration.

  11. Eliot Freidson: progression and constraints in the biography of an intellectual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira Neto, André

    2009-01-01

    Eliot Freidson (1923-2005) is considered one of the founders of the sociology of medicine. Both his critics and admirers in the sociological and medical fields recognize his work as an international benchmark. This paper analyzes Freidson's intellectual biography without concentrating on his ideas or their transformation over the course of time. The emphasis is on the personal constraints that marked his intellectual career within a broader context, with the many different opportunities and choices. It establishes the intersection between the singular trajectory of an intellectual, and the structures, processes and events in which he was immersed and which he changed by his actions.

  12. [New in the biography of a military doctor A. G. Peredelsky].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savinova, T N

    2014-11-01

    The history of activity of the Orenburg department of the Kazan society of adherents of military and sanitary knowledge is shown in article. The department existed in 1912-1914 and united officers and medical officers of the Orenburg garrison and military educational institutions. Members of Department tried to resolve the vital issues of a sanitary condition of Totsky military camp, regiments of the Orenburg military of the garrison. The department managed to publish two releases of the works. On these materials we can judge its activity. In article new data from A.G.Peredelsky's biography (1876-1940) in the period of his life in Orenburg are reported.

  13. Spaces, Trajectories, Maps: Towards a World-Systems Biography of Immanuel Wallerstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgi Derluguian

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available World-systems analysis, although itself a macrohistorical perspective, eminently allows for writing individual biographies because these are structurally conditioned and historically contingent trajectories developing in specific time and space. The biographical genre seems particularly useful in intellectual popularization and in exploring how macro-level concepts behave in observed empirical situations. This article offers and demonstrates specific recommendations and methodological warnings in application to the personal trajectory of Immanuel Wallerstein, the founder of world-systems analysis as an intellectual movement.

  14. Fishy Hearing: A Short Biography of Arthur N. Popper, PhD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, Allison B

    2016-01-01

    Biologist Dr. Arthur Popper's career spans decades, from his early work on comparative inner ear morphology in fishes to his recent interest in how underwater noise impacts aquatic vertebrates. Along the way Dr. Popper's research subjects span at least 19 vertebrate taxa, from lamprey to lungfish to humans, and he's had a profound influence in the field of fish bioacoustics. This brief biography describes some of Dr. Popper's many contributions to fish hearing research and highlights both some of his major discoveries and some of the biological mysteries he has yet to solve.

  15. Serendipity: a personal tale of two biographies, William Richard Gowers (1845-1915) and his son Ernest (1880-1966).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Ann

    2015-08-01

    Between 2004 and 2012, the author wrote two biographies, the first of 20th century civil servant Ernest Gowers and the second of his father the Victorian neurologist William Richard Gowers. This article describes the author's experience conducting the research for two biographies at a time when the research tools available were rapidly shifting from paper-based to digital records. Technological aids have made the preliminary research of historians easier, but they have not taken the place of hard copy archive-based research. While the paper will focus primarily on the biography of William Richard Gowers, the author describes the research methods she employed to help reveal the personalities, strengths and weaknesses of both men, each of whom left his own intellectual legacy.

  16. Biography and Brief Chronology of Zhang Jian%张坚传记及年谱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于广杰; 王晓曦

    2014-01-01

    清代戏曲家张坚一生著述颇丰,尤以《玉燕堂四种曲》知名当世。然而后代岁月流转,资料湮没,人们只知其曲而不知其人。今裒辑资料成张坚传记及年谱简编,以期为治曲考古之助。其间对于张坚生平事迹、家世背景、与鄂尔泰之因缘、与袁枚和杨潮观等人之交往一一考索,于张坚一生际遇及心态演变也做了相应描述。%Zhang Jian, a dramatist of Qing Dynasty, had published extensively in his lifetime. His Yuyantangsizhongqu is particularly well known. As the passage of time, his biographical information lost, people only know his dramas, rather than understand his life. In order to help researchers understand his dramas and biographies, we collect the information, written a biography and chronicle of Zhang Jian. Examine the life story of Zhang Jian’s, his family background and contacts with Ertai, Yuan Mei, Yang Chaoguan. Also describes the fate of a lifetime Zhang Jian and his psychological world.

  17. Chronicle Biography of Zeng Huai (Patr I)%曾怀年谱(上篇)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小平

    2014-01-01

    Zeng Huai was prime minister in Xiao Zong’s reign of Southern Song Dynasty. He was engaged in financing at the grassroots level for a long time. He is famous for his administration in Ancient Chinese History,and especially a very influential person in the his-tory of Zeng clan in Jin Jiang. However,so far there is no chronicle biography about him in the academic circle. This paper tries to draft such a chronicle biography according to interrelated books in order to ask advice from the academic circle.%曾怀是南宋孝宗朝宰相,长期从事基层理财工作。为政有声,是中国古代史上,尤其是晋江曾氏家族历史上很有影响力的人物。迄今无年谱问世,该文据相关史籍文献,草成此谱,就教于学界。

  18. A Biography of Henri Poincar\\'e - 2012 Centenary of the Death of Poincar\\'e

    CERN Document Server

    Weinstein, Galina

    2012-01-01

    On January 4, 2012, the centenary of Henri Poincar\\'e's death, a colloquium was held in Nancy, France the subject of which was "Vers une biographie d'Henri Poincar\\'e". Scholars discussed several approaches for writing a biography of Poincar\\'e. In this paper I present a personal and scientific biographical sketch of Poincar\\'e, which does not in any way reflect Poincar\\'e's rich personality and immense activity in science: When Poincar\\'e traveled to parts of Europe, Africa and America, his companions noticed that he knew well everything from statistics to history and curious customs and habits of peoples. He was almost teaching everything in science. He was so encyclopedic that he dealt with the outstanding questions in the different branches of physics and mathematics; he had altered whole fields of science such as non-Euclidean geometry, Arithmetic, celestial mechanics, thermodynamics and kinetic theory, optics, electrodynamics, Maxwell's theory, and other topics from the forefront of Fin de Si\\`ecle phys...

  19. Using a Process of Collective Biography Writing in Higher Education to Develop an Ability to Explore, Reveal and Critically Reflect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wihlborg, Monne

    2013-01-01

    Teaching and learning are frequently treated as processes that are separate from each other, while teachers and learners are considered as disembodied entities with a neutral position towards the content which is negotiated. In collective biography writing (CBW), a very different approach is taken. Writing, reading and learning are seen as an…

  20. Biography of Joan Wint: A Principal Whose Leadership for Social Justice Transformed a Rural Jamaican High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oram-Sterling, Jacqueline

    2009-01-01

    This biographical study features the leadership of Joan Miller Wint, now retired, who for 23 years was principal of Denbigh High School, located in a high-poverty rural area in Jamaica. In the article I examine biography as a qualitative research strategy used in "telling" the stories of women leaders; explore the influence of Wint's…

  1. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume II. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The biographies in this projected eight volume series for elementary school children represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures with national origins in the United States or Latin America, with careers that cover many aspects of contemporary life. Every person profiled in the series…

  2. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume III. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The biographies in this projected eight volume series for elementary school children represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures with national origins in the United States or Latin America, with careers that cover many aspects of contemporary life. Every person profiled in the series…

  3. Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Contemporary American Success Stories, Volume IX. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Melanie; Marvis, Barbara J.; Menard, Valerie

    Biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures whose national origins range from Argentina to the United States, and whose careers and contributions cover many aspects of American life. Each person profiled is a positive role model, not only for people of…

  4. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume VI. A Mitchell Lane Multicultral Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Hispanics are also collectively called Latinos. The biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. The people featured are contemporary figures of…

  5. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume V. A Mitchell Lane Multicultral Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Hispanics are also collectively called Latinos. The biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. The people featured are contemporary figures of…

  6. Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Contemporary American Success Stories, Volume VIII. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menard, Valerie; Cole, Melanie

    Biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures whose national origins range from Argentina to the United States, and whose careers and contributions cover many aspects of American life. Each person profiled is a positive role model, not only for people of…

  7. Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Contemporary American Success Stories, Volume VII. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara; Cole, Melanie; Cantu, Tony

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures whose national origins range from Argentina to the United States,…

  8. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume V. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series, this collection of biographical sketches of Asian Americans who have made contributions to life in the United States profiles individuals who are role models for all children. Written at a reading level for grades five to six, the biographies feature Asian Americans of different ethnic backgrounds, exploring the…

  9. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume I. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    This series presents biographical sketches of famous Americans of Hispanic descent. The biographies in the projected eight volume series for elementary school children represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures with national origins in the United States or Latin America, with careers…

  10. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume IV. A Mitchell Lane Multicultral Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Hispanics are also collectively called Latinos. The biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. The people featured are contemporary figures of…

  11. A life of Erwin Schroedinger. 2. ed.; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Walter J.

    2015-07-01

    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientist of the 20th century at all and a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest for men and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he obtained the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedingers cat''. Walter Moore's biography is quite near to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his friendships, his interset for mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  12. An Account of ... William Cullen: John Thomson and the Making of a Medical Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuttleton, David E

    2014-01-01

    John Thomson's An Account of the Life, Lectures and Writings of William Cullen (1832; 1859) remains a primary source for the career of the most influential academic physician in eighteenth-century Scotland and is also a significant work of medical history. But this multi-authored text, begun around 1810 by the academic surgeon, John Thomson, but only completed in 1859 by Dr David Craigie, has its own complex history. This chapter addresses what this history can reveal about the development of medical biography as a literary genre. It argues that the Account is a hybrid work shaped by a complex array of practical, domestic, intellectual, and professional pressures, as Thomson, in seeking to bolster his own career, was caught between the demands of Cullen's children for a traditional "Life" and his own more theoretical and socio-cultural interests.

  13. WILLIAM GURNEE SINNIGEN - 20TH CENTURY CLASSICIST AND ROMAN HISTORIAN: BIOGRAPHY & BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Gray Marsh

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available William Gurnee Sinnigen was a Classicist and Roman historian, active in the mid-to-late 20th century. Trained at the University of Michigan by noted Roman administrative historian Arthur E. R. Boak, Sinnigen continued his mentor’s work in administrative history, producing several articles on different aspects of Roman and Byzantine administrative topics.  Sinnigen was also responsible for the revision and update of Boak’s acclaimed textbook on Roman history, as well as Charles Alexander Robinson’s textbook on Ancient history.  This article will provide a brief biography of Professor Sinnigen, along with a bibliography of his published works and reviews by other scholars of his work.

  14. BIOGRAPHY OR A DECLARATION OF PHILOSOPHICAL AMBITION: HOW TO READ ECCE HOMO BY NIETZSCHE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Schneider Hardt

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the book Ecce homo, by Nietzsche, defending that the text is an interpretation of the philosopher himself on her own thought, not to give the book a sacred tone, nor to stress his biography, but affirming a dissonant thought that indicates his philosophical ambition. With no constraints, Nietzsche presents his conflicts, passions, deceptions, announcing a tragic dimension of life that is not guided by pessimism, but by happiness of living intensely, understanding suffering as one of the facets of life. His philosophy derives from a life demand, transfigured by an experience that promotes self cultivation and the possibility of “becoming what one really is” through the “applying” of one’s own genealogic method.

  15. éphémérides ou biographie sommaire de Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madeleine Alcover

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Biographie15519 avril : mariage, à Paris, des grands-parents paternels de l’écrivain, Savinien I de Cyrano et Anne Le Maire : celle-ci est la petite-fille d’Étienne Cardon, marchand parisien. À ce jour, l’origine du grand-père paternel n’est pas résolue (sarde ? descendant d’un marchand bourrelier de Sens ?.1555Le couple signe une donation entre vifs qui, en cas de décès, fait du survivant son légataire universel. Quatre enfants leur survivront : Abel, Samuel, Pierre et Anne.1555-1560Savinie...

  16. Notes about Censorship and Self-Censorship in the Biography of the Prophet Muḥammad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lecker, Michael

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study of the medieval literary output about Muḥammad’s life should go hand in hand with the study of his history, for which we have rich evidence in a variety of sources. Ibn Isḥāq’s biography of Muḥammad and its epitome by Ibn Hishām were products of their time. A case of self-censorship applied by one of Ibn Isḥāq’s informants and two cases of censorship applied by Ibn Hishām, who omitted many of his predecessor’s materials, contribute to a better understanding of the social and political context of the biography.El estudio de la producción literaria medieval sobre la vida de Muḥammad debe ir de la mano del estudio de su historia, empresa para la que disponemos de rica información en una variedad de fuentes. La biografía de Muḥammad por Ibn Isḥāq y su epítome por Ibn Hišām fueron productos de su época. Un caso de auto-censura aplicado por uno de los informantes de Ibn Isḥāq y dos casos de censura aplicados por Ibn Hišām, quien omitió muchos de los materiales de su predecesor, contribuyen a una mejor comprensión del contexto social y político de la biografía del Profeta.

  17. 逍遥游在一传中--《逍遥游·庄子传》的运思方式%The Carefree Excursion in Biography of Zhuangzi---Thinking Mode of Biography of Unfettered,Zhuangzi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李耀中

    2015-01-01

    王充闾的《逍遥游·庄子传》,对庄子进行散文笔法的生平传写,既有传记的真实,又有文学性的描述,踵事增华,足见庄子历史原本的存在。传记的运思中把庄子放在战国的历史时空中加以考量,把《庄子》文本以传述的需要,化入史进的历程,刻画出千古无二的庄子,显示了传作者的现实关怀,很能引发今日读庄人的深入思考。%Wang Chong lv“Biography of unfettered,Zhuangzi”has the truth of biography and description of literari-ness,which can demonstrate the existence of the original works. The thought of biography writing puts Zhuangzi in the history of Warring States,makes the works fade in the course of history and portray unique Zhuang zi,which shows the author′s real concern,and arouses the thought of readers.

  18. An irresponsible biography of the actor Laurence Harvey: motion pictures, white wine, older women & long thin cigarettes

    OpenAIRE

    Brannon, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Tiré du site Internet de Onestar Press: "Pocket edition of Laurence Harvey's "irresponsible" biography by Matthew Brannon. From the back cover of the book : Call yourself an actor ? You're not even a bad actor. You can't act at all, you fucking stupid hopeless sniveling little cunt-faced cunty fucking shit-faced arse-hole ... LAURENCE OLIVIER to Laurence Havery from Robert Stephen's "Knight errant : memoirs of a vagabond actor", Hodder and Stoughton, 1995.".

  19. 论司马迁史传观念对汪道昆散传的影响%The Influence of Sima Qian's Concepts of Historical Biography on Wang Daokun's Biography Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑾

    2014-01-01

    汪道昆对司马迁《史记》的学习是多方面的,其中之一就是对其史传观念的继承和发展。这主要体现在四个方面:一、必信而传,必征而信,在散传写作中坚持考信征实的原则;二、赞扬循吏,提出养民的观点,以检讨明代吏治;三、肯定商业,提倡以儒侠之义节利;四、秉承平民史观,为平民阶层尤其是女性作传,具有补正史之阙的重要意义。此论题的研究,不仅有助于揭示汪道昆散传与《史记》的亲密关系,同时对其散传真实性、批判性、时代性等个人特点的揭示也有所裨益。%Wang Daokun learned from Sima Qian's Historical Records in many aspects, one of which is the inheritance and development of his concepts of historical biography. This is mainly reflected in four aspects: firstly, he adheres to the principle of seeking truth in his biography writing; secondly, he praises honest officials, putting forward the idea of nourishing the people to reflect upon the bureaucracy in the Ming Dynasty; thirdly, he promotes business, advocating making profits in an honest way; fourthly, he upholds the civilian historical view, writing biographies for common people especially women, which fills the gap of history books written in biographical style. Research on this topic not only helps to reveal the intimate relationship between the biography writing of Wang Daokun and Historical Records, but also explores the authenticity and the critical and contemporary spirits of his biography writing.

  20. Implementation of Biography Based Neural Clustering (BBNC with Genetic Processing for tumor detection from medical images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaur Chandanpreet

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Segmentation is a best method to divide the required region from the medical images. This research is based on segmentation of medical images (MRI, CT scans based on the previous method known as pre-operative and post-recurrence tumor registration (PORTR and proposed method biography based neural clustering (BBNC with genetic processing for tumor segmentation. By using the new technique the extracted part can be view in 3D model and also can get the actual segmented tumor region. This new method will be helpful for diagnostics to find the tumor area as well as pixel difference in segmented part to define the tumor area accurately. While in the previous approach all the parameters have been used likewise, in which the registration method is used to transform the different sets of data into one coordinate system for segmentation of medical images. Registration basically is used to improve the signals to reduce the noise from the images. These techniques are better to find the tumor area from the MRI and CT scans, but after comparing them better results have been obtained in proposed technique. The proposed technique (BBNC reduces the extracted region again into required and actual region of tumor with accuracy of area, time and pixel difference.

  1. Biography, pandemic time and risk: Pregnant women reflecting on their experiences of the 2009 influenza pandemic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohm, Davina; Flowers, Paul; Stephenson, Niamh; Waller, Emily; Davis, Mark D M

    2014-09-01

    During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, it was identified that women in the third trimester of pregnancy were particularly at risk of serious respiratory distress. At-risk women were advised to seek vaccination, avoid contact with anyone unwell, maintain hygiene routines and stop smoking. We examine this situation of emergent and intense risk produced at the intersection of individual biography and the historical event of a public health emergency. We examine how pregnant women took account of risk, how they negotiated incomplete and at times contradictory advice and shaped courses of action that assisted them to manage the emerging terrain of pandemic threat. Public health risk management advice was endorsed, although choosing vaccination was fraught. Social distancing, too, was seen as a valuable risk moderation strategy. However, time, and specifically the intersection of individual pregnancy timelines with the pandemic's timeline, was also seen as an important risk management resource. The implications of this mix of sanctioned and temporal risk management practices are discussed.

  2. The Life and Afterlives of Captain Hedley Vicars: Evangelical Biography and the Crimean War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trev Broughton

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that one of the most influential responses to the Crimean War, and indeed one of the most widely known books of the mid-century, was the work of a woman: the middle-class evangelical Miss Catherine Marsh’s biography of her friend Captain Hedley Vicars. In this book (first published in December 1855, she forged an image of Crimean heroism compatible with Christian piety and good works, and in doing so provided a valued point of connection and identification for many combatant and non-combatant readers. This article explores the ways in which Marsh drew on the resources of memoir and memorial, as well as on the immediacy of war correspondence and the flexibility of print culture, to celebrate a militarized Christianity and a Christian military. A text combining soldierly masculinity with evangelical expressiveness was, however, open to multiple reappropriations and interpretations. As the article goes on to explore, some responses to the 'Memorials of Captain Hedley Vicars of the 97th' were straightforwardly affirmative; others sceptical, ambivalent, or even subversive.

  3. Biography of literary art. An attempt at a literary project of Tadeusz Kantor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Górska

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In universal consciousness, Tadeusz Kantor is an artist of theatre, painter, creator in other fine arts, but also author of a great number of writings on aesthetics, manifestos, sketches, essays, notes from rehearsals, dramatic scores and of some poems. What is characteristic is that various forms of writing, which by assumption are a theoretical expression of Kantor's ideas on theatre or fine arts, at the same time obtain a character of a literary work while his verses direct one towards theory. Painting, theatre and ideas connected with them are supplemented in the act of writing, which becomes a necessity for Kantor. The author of Dead Class changes the theatrical project into a literary project and in his writing he intermingles drama, commentary, theatre, his own theoretical and biographical reflections, observations of a masterpiece and states of his own consciousness. He plays theatrical ideas not only on the stage but also in theoretical texts and in verses. It is just in writing that the artist from Wielopole establishes anew the relations between theatre, literature and his own biography.

  4. Balancing Biography and Institutional History: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Cushing

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available When a young naturalist opened his new wildlife park at Wyoming on the NSW Central Coast in the late 1950s, he gave it his own name: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park. Through the park, Worrell made a significant contribution to environmental education, the development of knowledge of captive animal care and display and the provision of antivenoms for the bites of a range of dangerous creatures. More than this, it was the geographic and emotional centre of Worrell’s world: the fulfilment of a childhood dream, a home for his family and a site for forming new personal and professional relationships. In preparation for the jubilee of the park, its history is being written by two academics from the University of Newcastle. An attractive means of creating the necessary narrative structure and human interest to ensure the wide appeal of this history is to follow Worrell’s lead and place his life at the centre of this institutional history. This is the direction suggested by the written sources on the park and it is accentuated by many of our oral informants who organise their memories of the park around Worrell. To what extent can an institutional history be a biography of the person at the heart of that institution? Is it possible to disentangle the life from the institution? This article offers some preliminary answers to these questions through a case study of the writing of a history of Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park.

  5. [Historical origin of Jiu Tangshu·biography of Sun Simiao].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhen-Min

    2012-09-01

    The book Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao was compiled by Liu Su according to the original national historical papers of the Tang Dynasty which basically kept the features of national history. Based on this book and Binglishufu Xu (written by Lu Zhaolin) and Tanbinlu·Sun Simiao, Zhang Du sorted out the data about Sun Simiao and compiled the book Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao (in which the three stories of his lifetime were made up). Jiu Tangshi·Sun Simiao was edited by historiographers in the Hou-Jin Dynasty according to the biography of Sun Simiao in Tang national history, and referring to the Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao, Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao, in which they only made a few adjustments on the basis of Xuanshizhi. Du Guangting compiled Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao and added three stories of gods and spirits about Sun Simiao after he became immortal. Taipingguangji of the North Song Dynasty was compiled according to Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao.

  6. The Uncertainty Reducing Capabilities of Primary Care Physicians' Video Biographies for Choosing a New Doctor: Is a Video Worth More Than Two Hundred Words?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrault, Evan K; Silk, Kami J

    2016-12-01

    Choosing a primary care physician for the first time is an important decision, one that health care systems do not make particularly easy for prospective patients to make solely through the limited information provided on their websites. Without knowledge from others, a new patient is likely to have uncertainty about the physician he or she chooses. Three hundred and twenty participants completed an online experiment and were exposed to two biographies of different doctors with different media and either professional or personal information. Predictions generated by media richness theory revealed greater reductions in uncertainty for video biographies than traditional text biographies. Video biographies, and those containing personal information about the physician, were also related to higher levels of anticipated patient satisfaction and care quality. When asked to choose the physicians they would want to visit, participants overwhelmingly chose the physician with whom they perceived the greatest similarity to themselves, as well as the doctor who provided a video biography. Both theoretical and practical implications of this research are discussed.

  7. The theorist Guillermus de Podio: foundations for the construction of a biography.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villanueva Serrano, Francesc

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Two works of music theory from the endings of the 15th Century with the name of author Guillermus de Podio are preserved: the printed Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach and Hutz, 1495 and the manuscript Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Despite the great influence that this musician exerted on Spanish theorists of the 16th Century, there are only few commonly accepted data about his biography. This article pretends to offer solid foundations to build his biography. In first place, verified from speculated data in the historiography of the musician will be distinguished. Finally, new documents will clarify his identity and will reveal his work as master of chant in the catedral of Valencia.Bajo el nombre de autor de Guillermus de Podio se conservan dos obras de teoría musical de finales del siglo XV: la impresa Ars musicorum (Valencia, Hagenbach y Hutz, 1495 y el manuscrito Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. A pesar de la gran influencia que este músico ejerció sobre los teóricos españoles del siglo XVI, son mínimos los datos biográficos generalmente aceptados por la comunidad investigadora. El presente artículo pretende ofrecer unos cimientos sólidos sobre los cuales poder construir su biografía. Con esta finalidad, se distinguen primeramente los datos contrastados de los que forman parte de la especulación en la historiografía del músico. Finalmente se aportan nuevos documentos que resuelven las dudas sobre su identidad y desvelan su magisterio en la catedral de Valencia. [ct] Sota el nom d’autor de Guillermus de Podio es conserven dues obres de teoria musical de finals del segle XV: l’impresa Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach i Hutz, 1495 i el manuscrit Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Malgrat la gran influència que aquest músic va exercir sobre els teòrics espanyols del segle XVI

  8. Exploring the biographies of prospective science teachers: Evolving perspectives on diversity and equity

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Magnia Ayodele

    Science as a body of knowledge holds a highly regarded place in society. In recent years, science education has been the object of national scrutiny as the result of assessment data that indicates that the scientific literacy of students in the United States is marginal as compared to other advanced nations around the world. Students of color have been especially targeted due to the historical underrepresentation of this group in the sciences. Specifically access to a rigorous science curriculum and qualified teachers has been implicated in improving the chances of traditionally underserved students to participate and achieve in science. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives (i.e., the beliefs, knowledge, and experiences) of prospective secondary science teachers regarding a science for all reform agenda. Constructivist, critical, and feminist methodologies were used to elicit prospective teachers' views of equity in science teaching and learning as they described their experiences as science learners and prospective science teachers. The topic of multicultural science education served as a context for focus group conversations. Analysis of conversations revealed that participants' lived experiences as learners and teachers-in-the-making shape their views of science and science education, their views of issues of diversity in teaching and learning, and their views of the organizational features of schooling. A dialogic relational perspective (DRP) model that attends to biography is proposed as a means for considering the roles of teacher, student, and science in relationship to the goals of science for all. The model is presented and discussed in the context of equity pedagogy for science teacher preparation and development.

  9. Academic Biography in the Context of the Anti-Formalist Campaign of the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena N. Penskaya

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused around two biographical themes. Theme one is history of demolishing Leningrad school of dramatic theory developed in the State Institute of History of Art (GIII in the 1920s. In 1931, the GIII was closed by a Sovnarkom resolution and transformed into Len- ingrad division of the State Academy of Art Studies (LOGAIS established by the same resolu- tion. Theme two is description of the ‘academic traumatism’, traumatic behavior and its bio- graphical effects caused by destruction of a whole scientific trend during the anti-formalism campaign of the early 1930s. Based on archival documents (from the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art, shorthand notes and reports on discussions of the 1930s, we analyze behav- ioral tactics of initiators, participants and victims of the longstanding stigmatization and catalog absolutory, denunciative and repentant narratives. In particular, this paper analyzes the un- published letter to the editors of Rabochiy i Teatr journal written by Alexander Slonimsky, one of the key players in development and obliteration of dramatic theory associated primarily with Alexei Gvozdev’s group and with transformation and dissolution of the leading humanities in- stitutes. The text of the letter appears to be engrained in the complicated mosaic of measures aimed to discredit Meyerhold’s theater practice and Gvozdev as the leader of the scientific school. Deliberate misinterpretation and corruption of self-descriptions along with reconstruc- tion of biographies are some of the most crucial factors that affected reception of cultural pro- jects and their creators in the 1930s and later.

  10. A Biography of Distinguished Scientist Gilbert Newton Lewis (by Edward S. Lewis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Reviewed By Harold H.

    1999-11-01

    until 1904, when he accepted a position that would not be considered a shrewd career move: Superintendent of Weights and Measures in Manila, Philippines! He was there only one year, but it was apparently a productive time, both in a minimally equipped laboratory and with the possible nascence of some of his ideas about bonding. In 1905, Lewis accepted a staff position at MIT, under A. A. Noyes, where he remained until 1912. At MIT, he continued his experimental work on thermodynamic systems and the development of modern thermodynamics, following the lead of J. W. Gibbs, whose work was being largely ignored by other chemists. As Noyes moved increasingly into administrative responsibilities, Lewis took over more and more of the supervision of scientific work in the laboratory. It was the capable job that he did for Noyes that led to his being offered a Professorship and Chair of the College of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. The same spirit of adventure that took Lewis to Manila may be what led to his moving to scientifically backward California. In 1912, there was no serious science going on the Left Coast, and Berkeley was isolated from the nearest civilization (Chicago) by days of travel. Lewis initiated the expansion of great science westward, not only to Berkeley, but also to Caltech (in those days Throop Institute), UCLA, and Stanford. By dint of his contributions to thermodynamics and bonding theory (suggesting that electrons bond in pairs, long before there was quantum mechanical justification for such a strange idea), and his organizational and leadership talents, he turned the Berkeley Chemistry Department from a nonentity into one of the finest anywhere. Later in his career, he contributed to the understanding of the role of isotopes in chemistry and physics. This biography includes a useful listing of Lewis's 168 scientific publications. In an age when many renowned scientists have multiples of this number, it is perhaps good to be

  11. Review of biographies of doctors in Chinese history%中国历代医家传记述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建平

    2011-01-01

    After reviewing the biographies of doctors recorded in official history of China and books mentioned the biographies,it was seen that biographies of doctors in Chinese history are mainly composed of a resume of their life and medical achievements.Although a variety of other aspects,such as social,family and education background,personality,hobby,speciality,travel experience,medical ethics,comments and achievements outside medicine,which could make those figures more vivid,none of these has been described in detail.Biographies about doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) should be both scientific and popular,and of literary merit on the basis of validity.Biographers should know both doctors' medical achievements and the background of the era,combine the internal history and external history and find the relationship between them to make reasonable explanations.%回顾正史中的医家传记以及历史上有关医家传记的专著或专篇,可知医家传记主体部分是传主生平和医学成就,其他部分则内容广泛,涉及社会、家庭背景、蒙童求学、个性、喜恶、特长、游历、医德、简评、医学外成就等,虽着墨较少,但可使传主形象更为丰满、鲜活.中医医家传记的写法,应在真实性前提下,科学性与普及性有机结合,力求写得更有文采.传记作者应内史与外史相结合,深入理解和掌握传主的医学工作,同时了解传主所处的时代、社会环境等,找到内史与外史某些要素的联系,传主工作与生活的联系,并且统一起来进行合理的解释.

  12. Berufsbiografie und Familiengründung im methodischen Korsett Occupational Biography and Family Planning in a Methodical Corset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mechthild Veil

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available In der Studie werden die ambivalenten Beziehungen zwischen Berufsbiografie und Familiengründung bei jungen Erwachsenen mit abgeschlossener beruflicher Ausbildung untersucht. Geschlechtsspezifische Fragestellungen spielen insofern eine Rolle, als zwischen dem Handeln und den Erwartungen von Männern und Frauen unterschieden wird. Vorherrschend sind jedoch methodische Fragen und das Ziel, Typologien zu entwickeln.The study focuses on the ambivalent relationship between occupational biography and family planning for young adults with certified occupational training. Gender-specific modes of inquiry play a role to the extent that the actions and expectations of men and women are differentiated. However, methodical questions and the goal of developing typologies are paramount.

  13. TIAGO VEIGA, A BIOGRAPHY BY MÁRIO CLÁUDIO: THE MARCH OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY OR THE MEMORY OF CONTEMPORANEOUS PORTUGAL

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    Cândido Oliveira Martins

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Mário Cláudio’s novel, Tiago Veiga, uma biografia (2011, is a long and uni­que biography that follows the path of former biographies. Three distinct forms of memory writing can be detached here among other singularities. Firstly, there is the idea of a challenging and well aware heteronimic pro­cess that is focused in the misterious life of Tiago Veiga. Secondly, there is the biographic portrait that is constructed within the observance of the gender codes and beholds a wide scope of intertextual rememberances. Finally, this becomes a unique crytical biography of Portugal during one century, because it recreates the cosmopolitan life of an unknown character born in 1910. 

  14. Towards a total biography? Buty Ikara by Marin Buchowski in the light of Stachura’s writing project – a critical sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borys Szumański

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This critical sketch is dedicated to a new biography of Edward Stachura by Marian Buchowski. A writer like Stachura, whose work is very closely intertwined with his life (at least in his declarations is a challenging protagonist for a biography. In this article, attempts are made at following the way in which Buchowski tries to bring out another human being in the text. His ideas are juxtaposed and confronted with Stachura’s own life-and-art ideas, as to him looking for various methods of recording existence was among the crucial goals of writing. As a result, the thesis is put forward that some sort of a writer’s “totality” is a feature linking Stachura and Buchowski. In this context, the biography written by Buchowski is not only of importance to research into Stachura’s writing but also a significant countersignature of his work.

  15. A Revision on Brief Biography for a Writer Named CAI Tao in Xianyou%仙游籍文学家蔡僚小传辑补

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亮亮

    2012-01-01

    The History of Song Dynasty did not have a biography for CAI Tao who was one of writers in Xianyou acrossing Northem Song Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty, while Songshi Yi gave a simple introduction about him. Other biographies for him some left gaps while some gave the wrong imformation. At present, there's not systematic research on CAI Tao's biography in academic circles. Therefore, this article makes a reversion on it.%两宋之交仙游籍文学家蔡僚,《宋史》无传;《宋史翼》其本传尚嫌简略。其他小传或有缺漏,或有讹误。目前学界对于其生平缺乏系统考证,特予考辨、辑补。

  16. Armorican arrowhead biographies: Production and function of an Early Bronze Age prestige good from Brittany (France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clément Nicolas

    2014-09-01

    , etc.. According to these obvious facts, they symbolize the power of the elites. The genesis of Armorican arrowheads are in all likelihood explained by a climate of increasing social competition, which express itself in Brittany by an individualization of burial rites, a development of metalworking and a reorganization of territories.In this article, we will stress on raw materials selection, technology and know-how, as well as use-wear analyses. All these approaches will help us to trace the biographies of the Armorican arrowheads.

  17. The biography of scientists as a means of communicating science: analogies concerning a hermeneutic or empirical problem

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    Maria Francisca Carneiro

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Sometimes scientists live real dramas or undergo social and psychological conflicts which have a positive or negative influence on the development and recognition of their research, discoveries and inventions in society, including the way they are recorded in history. This being so, the question is: to what extent can science be communicated to the public at large by the use of scientists' biographies as a motivational strategy? The controversy arises from the fact that usual (classical science has traditionally argued for the separation (or de-linking of the research (the object from the researcher (the subject.Thus, if the above-mentioned motivational strategy is used in scientific communication, it could break a dominant methodological trend and consequently lead to a questioning of the myth of axiological neutrality in science. The communication of science by means of scientists' biographies could be useful for reaching a specific public, more directed towards emotional aspects, thereby awakening its interest in science, even amid cultural differences and in environments where interest in science and its utility is lacking. It could also reveal human aspects of the everyday life of scientists, bringing them closer to the public at large, which would contribute to the dissemination of science and knowledge.

  18. Lytton Strachey : l’historien intime de deux reines Lytton Strachey’s Intimate Biographies of Two Queens

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    Jeannine Hayat

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The British writer Lytton Strachey (1880-1932 wrote biographies of the two most eminent Queens of England: Queen Victoria (1921 and Elizabeth and Essex (1928. The two books made him a very famous historian. However, he would personally have preferred to be admired for his poetry or his plays, for he was a very gifted literary author. Nevertheless many of Strachey’s readers have appreciated his conception of biography, as a means of personal confession while studying the destiny of a public figure. Indeed the Stracheyan way of life, free from Victorian moral standards and guided by the rules of the Bloomsbury group, inspired his story of Victoria and Elizabeth. Both Queens at the end of their lives and at the height of their power carried on strange love affairs: Victoria with her Scottish gillie and Elizabeth with the Earl of Essex, thirty years her younger. In fact, both romances subtly reflect Strachey’s own love affairs. He was himself engaged in a kind of common life with Dora Carrington— the painter, thirteen years younger than him, with whom he was not sexually involved— while he engaged in numerous homosexual love affairs.

  19. A Natural History of an Environmentalist: Identifying Influences on Pro-sustainability Behavior Through Biography and Autoethnography

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    Evangelos Manolas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This natural history of an environmentalist uses autoethnography through biographical interview to investigate the contextual analysis of influences affecting active pro-sustainability behavior, which is interpreted as environmentalism. Education for sustainability categories of environmental, socio-cultural, political and economic factors were used to identify factors that interact to influence affective and cognitive domains, which affect environmentalist behavior. These influences in reality operated symbiotically but for purposes of analysis they have been portrayed sequentially. The portrayal of the autoethnographer's vocabulary of motives and identity theory applied to group commitment were used as analytic tools. The research methodology employed provides a strategy for investigating biography, which gives access to lived experience as a basis for understanding factors influencing environmentalism. Processes of metacognition and reflexivity, supported by critical engagement with co-researchers, provide access to deep analysis of the biography. Whilst it was not possible to make statistical generalizations from a single case study it was possible to make limited qualitative generalizations, or in other words "moderatum generalizations." Subsequent examination of the natural histories of other life-long environmentalists would certainly not reveal detailed similarities in terms of specific biographical occurrences. However, the abstract categories of influence outlined provide a useful template for further investigating the process of activist identity development which we know little about at the present time. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1301151

  20. "Nostalgia for What Cannot Be": An Interpretive and Social Biography of Stuart Hall's Early Years in Jamaica and England, 1932-1959

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Annette

    2015-01-01

    Much has been written about Stuart Hall's intellectual and theoretical contributions especially after the mid-1960s. This interpretive and social biography places Stuart Hall's life from 1932 to 1959 in a socio-historical context, beginning with his childhood in Jamaica and his early years in England. I draw on Hall's own biographical reflections…

  1. The Research and Statement of the Versions of Chen Bu-lei Biography%陈布雷传记版本考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠北平; 郭学勤

    2012-01-01

    At present there are several versions of the Biography of Chen Bu-lei. The emergence of these different versions raises interest in Chen Bu-lei, and enhance the understanding of this historical figures. However, the publication of biographies of historical conditions are subject to certain conditions and the impact of the information, which will result in the current biography of Chen Bu-lei all the failings exist. So far, the real value of academic biography of Chen mine did not appear.%当前出现了多种版本的陈布雷传记,这些不同版本传记的出现引起了人们对陈布雷的兴趣,增强了对这位历史人物的了解。传记的出版受到一定的历史条件与资料条件影响,目前陈布雷传记不尽人意,真正有学术价值的陈布雷传记并未出现。

  2. 西方传记文史冲突与融合的突出表现--对传记的真实性、艺术性、功能性的考察%The Conflict and Mergence of Literature and History in Biography---Authenticity, Artistic, Functional

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于振涛; 王艳颖

    2015-01-01

    Western History Biography category dispute exists long, and impact on their writing biographies. Along with biographies of modern transformation, biography differences become more prominent in cultural and historical characteristics. But the cultural and historical characteristics of the biography observation and research can be used as an important perspective. It is important that through all stages of the process finishing and grasp biography , especially for written in-depth analysis , technical investigation and the creation of goals writing principles of modern biography and classical biographies, that biography and literary creation by historians the double impact, further found biography in authenticity, artistic, functional highlights three distinct biography Writing History conflict and blending.%文章通过在对传记发展历程各个阶段中重要传记作品的整理与把握,尤其是对古典传记、近代传记的写作原则、记述手法以及创造目标的深入分析与考察,发现传记创作中深受文学与史学的双重影响,并且传记在真实性、艺术性、功能性三方面体现了传记写作的文史冲突与交融。

  3. A Textual Research on the Fictional Works in the Biographies of Hermits%《高士传》编创之小说考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马振方

    2012-01-01

    今存皇甫谧《高士传》为上古至曹魏九十六人作传,应为史书。由于材料杂取子史,以至于《庄》、《列》寓意之作,常将杜撰的人物、事迹视为真人实事,为之立传,混迹其中。这些人事原为某种寓意的例证,不很完整,更不充分独立,多为原书的小说成分,被编人本传,添头加尾,添枝加叶,或以多篇文字缀合,成为各自独立、自成起讫的虚拟人物传略,遂成早期小说作品。%The extant Biographies of Hermits (《高士传》) by Huangfu Mi, which contains biographies of 96 people from the antiquity to the Wei Period, should be considered as a history book. As its source materials came from works by various masters of philosophy, from historical texts, and also from such allegorical works as Zhuangzi(《庄子》) and Liezi(《列子》), the author took the fabricated people and stories as real ones, created biographies for them, and mixed them in this book. These stories were originally allegorical, fictional, but neither complete nor independent. Yet they were included in biographies with additions to their beginning or end, or with the combination of several stories, thus becoming independent, complete biographies of fictional people, and consequently turning into early fictional works.

  4. 论《李娃传》的张力%The Tension of Biography of Li Wa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑雨

    2014-01-01

    At present,there still exist many disputes in the research of Biography of Li Wa,such as Li Wa's characteristics,the theme of the works,the relationship between the ending and theme of the story. This paper starts from the tension theory to conduct the research of BiographyofLiWa. Its unique beauty is narrated from four aspects:the characters,the relationship,the theme,the aesthetic. It is the character, theme and aesthetic closely linked to each other that Biography of Li Wa has received great receptive tension. And that makes the readers have more psychological experience,value judgment and aesthetic enjoyment.%在《李娃传》研究中,学界对诸如李娃的性格特征、作品的主题意蕴、结局与主题的关系等问题尚存在着诸多争议。本文依据张力理论,从人物自身、人物关系、主题思想及审美意蕴四方面分析了《李娃传》独特的张力美。正是由于人物、主题、审美中截然不同的旋律完美地交织在一起,使《李娃传》有了巨大的接受张力,也使读者获得了多层的心理体验、价值判断和审美享受。

  5. 《新唐书·李贺传》与《李贺小传》比较--兼谈史传与文学传记之差异%Comparison Between Biography of LiHe in New Book of Tang and A Short Biography of LiHe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳卓霞

    2014-01-01

    文人单篇传记是正史列传的重要史源,二者之间有着密切的联系,但又不尽相同。《新唐书·李贺传》与李商隐《李贺小传》两文,不仅在对李贺生平事迹的选择方面有差别,而且在叙事的显晦、情感色彩的强弱、叙事层次的运用、论诗手法等方面也存在很大不同。通过两文对照研究,可管窥史传与文人传记之差异。%Separate biographies of literati are an important historical resource of ofifcial biographies. There is a very close relationship between them, but they are not the same. BiographyofLiHe in theNewBookofTang and AShortBiographyofLi He are different in not only the life story of Li He, but also in the narrative technique, emotional expression, narrative levels and methods of poetic commentary. Through a comparative study of these biographies, we can know better the difference between history and biographies of literati.

  6. 《旧唐书·郭子仪传》疑义考辨%Textual Research on Old Book of Tang ·Biography of Guo Ziyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘晶安; 尤炜祥

    2015-01-01

    Guoziyi was the most important royal minister of Tang Dynasty.Old Book of Tang ·Biography of Guob Ziyi is important historical material for the research of Guo Ziyi and “An-Shi Rebellion”,but some years,names,official ranks are wrong in this Biography,and some important historical facts may have mistakes.23 doubtful cases are discussed in this paper.%郭子仪为唐室第一功臣。《旧唐书·郭子仪传》为研究郭子仪生平及“安史之乱”的重要史料,但内中不仅年代、名姓、官职有误,且重要史实均有可商榷之处,举疑义23例予以考辨。

  7. Eddé Anne-Marie, Saladin, Éditions Flammarion, « Les Grandes Biographies », Paris, 2008, 761 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Abbès Zouache

    2010-01-01

    À elle seule, la parution du Saladin d’Anne-Marie Eddé constitue un événement : elle marque la réconciliation des médiévistes orientalistes français avec le genre dit de la biographie historique – jusque-là, seule la figure du Prophète Muḥammad avait fait l’objet de biographies tout aussi savantes qu’accessibles à un large lectorat. En outre, cette parution participe du renouvellement de ce genre, dont l’université française s’est emparée depuis quelques années sans rien en céder à ses tradit...

  8. Eddé Anne-Marie, Saladin, Éditions Flammarion, « Les Grandes Biographies », Paris, 2008, 761 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbès Zouache

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available À elle seule, la parution du Saladin d’Anne-Marie Eddé constitue un événement : elle marque la réconciliation des médiévistes orientalistes français avec le genre dit de la biographie historique – jusque-là, seule la figure du Prophète Muḥammad avait fait l’objet de biographies tout aussi savantes qu’accessibles à un large lectorat. En outre, cette parution participe du renouvellement de ce genre, dont l’université française s’est emparée depuis quelques années sans rien en céder à ses tradit...

  9. 论人物传记与“传记体小说”的区别%On the Distinctions between Biographies and Biographical Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟晖; 贺桂花

    2015-01-01

    Since the beginning of the new era , biography writing is flourishing in China and the life stories of some celebrities are spreading .At the same time , some problems emerge in biography writing and some biographical novels are regarded as biographies .Though being similar in form , they are essentially different in that biographies must be authentic while biographical novels can be imaginative or imaginary .We should avoid deconstructing the biographical writings from the postmodernism point of view and keep its unique stylistic characteristics and position .%进入新时期,我国文坛传记创作呈现持续升温的现象。在一定程度上,一些文化名人的生平事迹得以传播。但传记创作也出现一些误区。一些以传记形式出现的小说,也被看成是人物传记。两者虽然形式上相似,其实有着本质的不同,传记讲究真实性,而传记体小说可大量采用想象、虚构等文学手法,混淆两者容易以讹传讹,使得一些史料真假莫辨。同时还要警惕后现代主义对传记写作的解构,使传记保有其独特的文体特征和地位。

  10. Human and animal health on three continents--a biography of the early life of Karl Friedrich Meyer (1884-1974).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pospischil, Andreas

    2015-08-01

    Karl Friedrich Meyer (KF) was born and educated as a veterinarian in Europe; he researched infectious diseases in Europe, South Africa and the United States. He is one of the true forefathers of the 'one health-one medicine' concept. The broad scope of his research covered botulism, leptospirosis, brucellosis, plague, ornithosis, Western equine encephalitis, mussel poisoning and clostridia. This manuscript adds some more details of his early biography.

  11. On Ouyang Xiu's biography literature theory%论欧阳修的传记文学理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐裕敏

    2012-01-01

    欧阳修是宋代杰出的传记文学作家,他的传记文学理论在坚持史学原则的基础上,从文学的角度探讨了传记的写作,包含了传记写作的态度、目的、方法、语言等问题,使传记文学理论的研究在史学和文学的两极中得到平衡,为后代传记文学理论的发展开启了新方向。%Ouyang Xiu was an outstanding literary biographer in the Song Dynasty. His biography literature theory explored the biography writing from the angle of literature on his historical principles. His theory contained biographical writing attitude, aim, method, language problems and sought the balance between history and literature, offering the new direction for the biography literature theory development.

  12. 佛教对六朝史传的影响%The Influence of Buddhism on Six-dynasties Historical Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段闪闪

    2013-01-01

    Since Buddhism was introduced to China ,it made an impact on Chinese literature ,including fiction ,dramatic and poem .What is more, it also have an influence on historical biography which can not be ignored .Based on the research of the pioneers ,I will make a study of this phenomenon from three respects .That is to say the image of great men in the Six -dynasties historical biography ,the isto-ries in the Six-dynasties History which is come from sutra and a aseries of stories in the Six -dynasties historical biography which told us that one can survive once he chant stras .%  自佛教传入中国,便与文学结缘。在佛教的影响下,小说、诗歌、戏剧以及文论都发生了一定程度的变化。同时,史传亦受到了不可忽视的影响,表现在六朝史传中非凡之相的塑造、史传对佛教故事的化用以及史传中诵经解脱故事模式的形成三个方面。

  13. Scientific biography, cognitive deficits, and laboratory practice. James McKeen Cattell and early American experimental psychology, 1880-1904.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokal, Michael M

    2010-09-01

    Despite widespread interest in individual life histories, few biographies of scientists make use of insights derived from psychology, another discipline that studies people, their thoughts, and their actions. This essay argues that recent theoretical work in psychology and tools developed for clinical psychological practice can help biographical historians of science create and present fuller portraits of their subjects' characters and temperaments and more nuanced analyses of how these traits helped shape their subjects' scientific work. To illustrate this thesis, the essay examines the early career of James McKeen Cattell--an influential late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century experimental psychologist--through a lens offered by psychology and argues that Cattell's actual laboratory practices derived from an "accommodation" to a long-standing "cognitive deficit." These practices in turn enabled Cattell to achieve more precise experimental results than could any of his contemporaries; and their students readily adopted them, along with their behavioral implications. The essay concludes that, in some ways, American psychology's early twentieth-century move toward a behavioral understanding of psychological phenomena can be traced to Cattell's personal cognitive deficit. It closes by reviewing several "remaining general questions" that this thesis suggests.

  14. Keeleliste elulugude uurimisvõimalusi: Dagmar Normeti mitmekeelne lapsepõlv Eestis. Possibilities of Research on Linguistic Biographies: Dagmar Normet, a Multilingual Childhood in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Verschik

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Recently the investigation of linguistic biographies has become popular among linguists for several reasons. Instead of studying formally-oriented, traditional approaches to second language acquisition and language learning, such research focuses on an individual’s conceptualisation of languages, language acquisition and living with and among multiple languages. Linguistic biographies can be either oral or written narratives, elicited by a researcher or produced by individuals. This includes language-learning memoirs as well. As some studies have demonstrated, a closer look at a linguistic history of a particular individual helps to discover new aspects that generally remain unnoticed in formally-oriented studies, such as the speaker’s personal attitudes, emotions attached to his/ her languages, self-expression in different languages, and instances of multilingual speech (for example, cross-linguistic influence, code-switching, etc.. However, a multilingual person’s narratives, either in written or oral form, should be treated with caution. It has been demonstrated in recent studies that grounded theory approach (i.e., coding and establishing emergent categories and content analysis alone cannot present a full picture of a linguistic biography. As Pavlenko (2007 argues, at least three kinds of reality should be considered: subject reality (how the narrator sees his/her life with multiple languages, text reality (that is, how the text of narration is structured, in what order events are presented and life reality (biographical facts. As in fieldwork in general, a researcher should be prepared to face discrepancies between the picture presented by the informant and other types of reality. From a methodological point of view, an informant should be interviewed several times in his/her different languages or, at the very least; a researcher should be familiar with the languages. In this sense, the European tradition of linguistic biographies

  15. “Such a plain and uninteresting man…”. On the biography of Bolesław Leśmian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Rajewska

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses five biographies of the poet that have been published in the past few years. A highly complex and contradicting figure of Leśmian, a great poet and unsuccessful notary public, a provincial from the capital Warsaw, a misanthrope with busy social life, still arouses interests among the public – the more so that his first biography written by Łopuszański and entitled Leśmian was published as late as 2000. Łopuszański, who has been working on Leśmian for twenty years, has published the results of his biographical investigations in his two subsequent books: Zofia i Bolesław Leśmianowie (2005 and Bolesław Leśmian. Marzyciel nad przepaścią (2006. In turn, Leśmian. Encyklopedia (2001 by Rymkiewicz is a different book being a ”personal” encyclopaedia, a somewhat patchy biography that focuses on arbitrarily selected entries chosen by its author, whereas Leśmian, Leśmian… Wspomnienia o Bolesławie Leśmianie zebrane przez Adama Wiesława Kulika (2008 is a collection of memoirs, a record of conversations that the author had with the inhabitants of Hrubieszów and Zamość who knew Leśmian personally in the 1920s and the 1930s – his colleagues at the Bar, workers of the notary’s office, his acquaintances, neighbours and friends of his daughters.

  16. Lebenserzählungen. Neue Biografien zum 100. Geburtstag von Simone de Beauvoir Life Stories. New Biographies on the 100th Birthday of Simone de Beauvoir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lieselotte Steinbrügge

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Zum 100. Geburtstag von Simone de Beauvoir sind zwei Biografien erschienen, die auf unterschiedliche Weise auf die Herausforderung antworten, die die das spektakuläre Leben und vielfältige Werk der besessenen Autobiografin, Schriftstellerin, Philosophin, Essayistin und Feministin für die Chronisten darstellt.Two biographies have been published in conjunction with the 100th birthday of Simone de Beauvoir. Each provides a different answer to the challenges presented to the chronicler by the spectacular life and varied work of the obsessive autobiographer, author, philosopher, essayist, and feminist.

  17. A Textual Research of the Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History%《宋史·忠义传》考辨二则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙廷林; 王元林

    2015-01-01

    The eight biographies of Zhu Zhao,Sun Yi,and Zhang Zhongfu,etc. in "the Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History" originate from Zhu Bian's "the Memorial to the Throne of Zhu Zhao Loyalty". Since much of "the Memorial" comes from rumors,there are quite many mistakes about the loyalties in "the Memorial". Therefore,the Zhang Zhongfu in "Loyalty Three" of Vol.448 is actually the same person as the Zhang Hongfu in "Loyalty Seven" of Vol.452,and the right should be Zhang Hongfu.%《宋史·忠义传》中朱昭、孙益、张忠辅等八人的史源是朱弁《上朱昭等忠义奏疏》.鉴于朱弁多得自传闻,故其《奏疏》记述忠义之士颇有讹误.其中《宋史》卷四四八《忠义三》之张忠辅,与同书卷四五二《忠义七·李翼传》之张洪辅,确为一人,当以张洪辅为正.

  18. Correction and Supplement on the Biography of Wang Boyan in Song History%《宋史·汪伯彦传》补正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云军

    2011-01-01

    汪伯彦(1069—1141),祁门(今属安徽)人。北宋徽宗朝进士。南宋高宗朝历任知枢密院事、右仆射兼中书侍郎等。以宋代史料为主,对《宋史·汪伯彦传》进行补正,补正范围主要是对其记载简略之处的史实补充以及与《宋史》本传记载有歧义之处的史料对比。%Wang Boyan(1069—1141) was from QiMen(now part of Anhui) who passed the examination in HuiZong Emperor.During Southern Song Dynasty,GaoZong Emperor,he served as a Manager of the Bureau Military,the Grand Councilor and so on.Based on the historical data of Song Dynasty mainly,the author of this paper makes correction and supplement on the Biography of Wang Boyan in Song History,mainly gives supplement to the brief records of the historical facts and makes the comparison of the different interpretations between the historical facts in the Biography of Wang Boyan in Song History and that in Song History itself.

  19. 浅议《李斯列传》的叙事特点%The Narrative Characteristics of Biography of Li Si

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌璐丝

    2016-01-01

    In Biography of Li Si, Sima Qian used a variety of narrative techniques and skills, viewing the situation of rats to see big things through small ones, to indicate his philosophy of life. “Five times of complaints and six times of persuasions” as the nar⁃rative joints, the development of Li’ s life is the rise and fall of the Qin Dynasty. Sima Qian used the reasonable narrative structure and proper details in Biography of Li Si, which makes the dialogues very vivid. Hence, the history of the Qin Dynasty stands vividly to reveal on the paper, so that future generations can be used for reference and alert.%在《李斯列传》中,司马迁运用了多种叙事特点和技巧,以观鼠之境遇来以小见大,预示李斯的人生哲学;又以“五叹六说”为叙事关节点;而李斯的人生发展实为秦朝的兴衰史;司马迁叙事一向结构合理,详略得当,《李斯列传》中的人物对话更使叙事生动,历史跃然纸上,使后世得以借鉴和警醒。

  20. Biography of Peeter Torop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Sünd. 28. nov. 1950 Tallinnas, õppis Tartu 5. Kk. (nüüd Tamme Gümnaasium). 1969-74 õppis TÜ-s vene filol. Töötanud vene kirjanduse kat. kuni 1992, mil tema initsiatiivil moodustati semiootika kateeder

  1. Georgiy Girichev biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belova, Natalya; Oberhammer, Heinz; Shlykov, Sergey

    2017-03-01

    Georgiy Girichev was born on 13th January 1947 in Moscow, USSR. After he graduated from high school in Ivanovo in 1965 he entered a newly opened speciality "Chemical technology of electrovacuum materials" at Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISUCT).

  2. Biography of Hideki Yukawa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Humitaka [Yukawa Memorial Foundation, c/o Yukawa Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2008-06-01

    Life history of Hideki Yukawa is described, together with that of Sin-itiro Tomonaga. They grew upiin Kyoto city and were classmate. Their independency and collaboration had contributed to the growth of physics research in Japan after the end of WWII.

  3. Le choix du périurbain à Québec : nature et biographie résidentielle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrée Fortin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available À l’heure des changements climatiques et du vieillissement de la population québécoise, nous nous sommes interrogées sur ce qui attire et/ou retient des résidents dans le périurbain, souvent au prix de longs déplacements quotidiens pour le travail ou les emplettes. Comme dans certains secteurs périurbains le prix des résidences est très élevé, le choix résidentiel ne se réduit pas à des considérations d’ordre économique. Nous analysons ici une des composantes essentielles du milieu et qui en fait aux yeux de plusieurs un « milieu sain » : la proximité de la nature. En quoi cela constitue-t-il un attrait pour les résidents ? Est-ce parce qu’il permet un mode de vie associé à des activités de plein air, ou plutôt un milieu « naturel » associé aux grands espaces ? Quel rapport les résidents du périurbain ont-il avec la nature qui les entoure ? Dans le cadre d’une recherche qualitative sur l’étalement urbain, nous avons interrogé 132 résidents de six secteurs périurbains de l’agglomération de Québec (Canada, associés autrefois à la villégiature ou à l’agriculture. Les entretiens semi-dirigés portaient sur le choix résidentiel, les représentations de la ville, de la banlieue, de la campagne et du village, les lieux fréquentés dans l’agglomération et le rapport à l’automobile. Il apparaît que les éléments recherchés dans le milieu de vie par plusieurs répondants sont ceux qu’ils ont connus dans leur enfance, dans des banlieues pavillonnaires de première couronne (c’est-à-dire édifiées dans les années 1950 et 1960 ou des régions rurales, dont ils sont majoritairement issus. C’est ainsi que la biographie personnelle semble influencer le choix résidentiel. Pour vivre près de la nature, ils seraient prêts à s’éloigner davantage de la ville qu’ils caractérisent essentiellement par la pollution et le béton. La dépendance à l’automobile que ce mode de vie entra

  4. 清代官修纪传体国史史料价值探微%Discussion on Historical Data Value of Official National History of Biography of Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔军伟

    2012-01-01

    Compilation of national history of biography is the essential part of official history in Qing Dynasty. Tremendous texts of national history of biography record the history of nearly three hundred years of Qing Dynasty and save plenty of historical materials. National history of biography is the aggregation of biographies of Qing Dynasty, the summary of institutional system, and the material resources of QINGSHIGAO complied in early Republic of China. It can correct the errors of QINGSHIGAO. The national history of biography is generally true to the historical reality in spite of the inevitable tendency to mythicize the rulers as an official history.%纪传体国史纂修是清代官修史学的重要组成部分。卷帙浩繁的纪传体清国史记录了有清一代近三百年的历史沧桑,为后世保存了大量珍贵的史料。纪传体清国史是清代人物传记之渊薮、典章制度之总结、民国初年所修《清史稿》的重要史源,并可校补《清史稿》舛误。虽然纂修者为维护统治者的形象和利益,不惜曲笔隐瞒历史真相是纪传体清国史之不足,但从整体上看,尊重历史,秉笔直书,仍然是清国史纂修的主流。

  5. The ‘Cimarrón’ in the archives: a re-reading of Miguel Barnet’s biography of Esteban Montejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Zeuske

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] "Aunque por supuesto nuestro trabajo no es historico (Miguel Barnet" Apart from Manuel Moreno Fraginals's El ingenio, there is hardly any other book in Cuban historiography that has met with such wide circulation as Biografia de un cimarron by Miguel Barnet.1 It is, in spite of a series of contradictions, the classic in testimonio literature for contemporary studies on slavery as well as for the genre of historical slave narratives extending far beyond Cuba. In particular the various new editions and translations, such as the English versions that have been published under the titles Autobiography of a Runaway Slave (Barnet 1968, Autobiography of a Runaway Slave (Esteban Montejo & Miguel Barnet 1993 or Biography of a Runaway Slave (Barnet 1994 and the discussion that Barnet's book stimulated bear witness to this position.2

  6. Biography as an art form: the story of Helen Flanders Dunbar, M.D., Ph.D., B.D., and Med. Sci. D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Curtis W

    2014-06-01

    Helen Flanders Dunbar (1902-1959) was a physician, medieval and Renaissance scholar, theologian, and founder of the American Psychosomatic Society and its journal Psychosomatic Medicine. Her contributions are not currently well known but deserve recognition from all those involved or interested in the dialogue between medicine and spirituality. This essay explores Dunbar's personal history and professional achievements. It focuses particular attention on a feminist perspective regarding her life and work. It will conclude with a discussion of how biography, as an art form, transforms both author and audience. This essay was originally presented as the Second Annual J.R. Williams Memorial Lecture on Spirituality and Medicine at the Tulane School of Medicine in fall 2013.

  7. 《明史・万贵妃传》的史源及考疑%Textual Criticism of Biography of Concubine Wan in the History of Ming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪海龙

    2014-01-01

    The Xianzong's favored concubine Wan has been describes as a woman who is guilty of the most hideous crime in the Ming and Qing dynasties'historical sources .In the view of official historians , her main “crimes”as follows ,monopolizing the love of the Xianzong ,forcing other concubines to abortion , murdering concubine Ji and colluding with crafty sycophants etc .According to the investigation ,most his-torical sources of the biography of concubine Wan in the history of Ming come from the Ming and Qing dy -nasties'literati notes .Once analyzing these notes carefully ,we can find some contradictions .Therefore ,it is necessary to clarify and identify the biography of historical sources .%在明清两代的史料中,明宪宗宠妃万氏,一直被描述成一个工于心计且罪大恶极的女人。在史官的笔下,她的主要“罪名”有擅宠、伤堕皇嗣、谋害纪淑妃、勾结佞倖等。据考察《明史・万贵妃传》中的史料多源于明清文人的笔记。仔细推敲这些关于万贵妃的笔记时,能够发现这些记载万贵妃的笔记有些许矛盾之处。故而,理清《明史・万贵妃传》的史料来源并加以辨析就有其必要性了。

  8. 《明史·马士英阮大铖传》考疑三则%Three Questions about The Biography of Ma Shiying and Ruan Dacheng ofthe Ming History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳正伟

    2014-01-01

    马士英、阮大铖被合传于《明史·奸臣传》。传文中,马士英的科考时间、阮大铖与魏忠贤的交往、马士英的结局等三个问题语焉不详,或存在疑义,有必要加以厘清。%Ma Shiying and RuanDacheng are recorded together in The Biography ofKleptocratic Courtiers ofthe Ming History.There are blurs or doubts about the three aspects about time for Ma Shiying′s imperial examinations,communication between Ruan Dacheng with Wei Zhongxian and Ma Shiying′s ending in this biography,which need to be exactly justified.

  9. 《潜研堂文集》学者传记与清代学术史的书写%Scholars’Biographies in Qianyan Tang Collected Works and the Writing of Academic History of the Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯坤

    2014-01-01

    钱大昕《潜研堂文集》卷三十八、三十九的一组学者传记,历来被简单的作为《汉学师承记》的原始材料看待,导致其中作者记录当代学术史的意识没有受到相应的重视。从这组传记的传主选择,到它们的写作方式,无不体现着作者的史家眼光与精心选择。而我们熟悉的《汉学师承记》,其中的一些问题,如人物选取、写作体例,也都可以追溯至这组传记之中。%The series of scholars’biographies in Volume 38 and 39 of Qian Daxin’s Qianyan Tang Collected Works have been viewed simply as a raw material of Jiang Fan’s Biographies ofHan Learning Scholars,while the author’s writing of academic history hasn’t received the due attention.Both the choice of scholars and the way of writing reflect the author's historian vision and elaborate selection.And some questions in Biographies of Han Learning Scholars,such as the character selection,writing style,can also be traced back to these biographies.

  10. 中华大藏经版《续高僧传》在文字学研究中的价值%The Value of Chinese Tripitaka Edition Continued Biographies of Eminent Monks in the Study of Philology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明龙

    2012-01-01

    Continued Biographies of Eminent Monks has big values in study of the evolution of the shape of Chinese characters and its culture and textual history and other aspects.%《续高僧传》在汉字的形体演变,汉字文化及文字学史等方面具有较大的研究价值。

  11. 《大慈恩寺三藏法师传》中非核心人物描写艺术%Description of Insignificant Characters in Biography of Tripitaka Dharma Master in th e Temple of Great Matern al Grace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷

    2014-01-01

    Biography of Tripitaka Dharma Master in the Temple ofG reat Maternal Grace is one of the most detailed biographies of Xuanzang.One of the outstanding points is the description of insignificant characters, which reflects the severity of the surroundings in Xuanzang’s journey to the west and extols his complete mastery of Buddhist doctrine.The way of describing non-core characters to set off the hero provides an example for the creation of biographies in the Tang, Song and the following dynasties.%《大慈恩寺三藏法师传》是以玄奘法师为对象的传记作品中最为详尽的一部,其中非核心人物的描写是作品的突出亮点,既烘托出玄奘一路西行求法环境的恶劣,也从侧面映衬出玄奘佛法的高深。这种以非核心人物描写来衬托传主的手法,为唐宋以后的历史人物传记写作提供了范例。

  12. 余嘉锡《四库提要辨证·神僧传》考证辨析%Yu Jiaxiˊs Textual Criticism and Discrimination on God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    元文广; 靳利翠

    2016-01-01

    余嘉锡所著《四库提要辨证》是对《四库全书总目》研究的重要成果.此书对《四库总目》中的 490余篇提要进行了辨证,提出不少宝贵意见,但也存在一些可以进一步讨论的问题.仅就《四库提要辨证·神僧传》条的考证思路、论据等进行讨论,认为余嘉锡先生从目录学角度讨论《神僧传》的撰者问题,其论述过程不够严谨,所提供论据存在问题,不能直接指向结论,因此,所得结论很难令人信服.从《神僧传》版本源流角度入手,用直接论据使《神僧传》撰者问题更加明确、所得结论《神僧传》为明成祖所撰集更具说服力.%Four Abstract Dialecticswritten by Yu Jiaxi is one important result of the research on 〞Four Abstract Dialectics〞. In this book,Yu made dialectical research on490 articles in General Catalogue of Si Ku QuanShu,presenting some valuable suggestions. However,there are some problems which need further discus-sion . The dialectical thought train and grounds of argument for God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics are one example that needs further discussion. Since he studied the author from the angle of its catalogue,Yuˊs argument process of Biography of God Monk was not precise,and grounds of argument he offered could not reach the conclusion,so his conclusion was unconvincing. If the study starts with the version source of Biogra-phy of God Monk,makes the author of God Monk Biography more clear with direct grounds,and thus reach a more persuasive conclusion that Biography of God Monk was written by Emperor Cheng Zu in Ming Dynasty.

  13. Biografia coletiva, engajamento e memória: a miséria do mundo Collective biography, commitment and memory: the weight of the world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ângelo Montagner

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho procura relacionar a proposta de biografia coletiva de Pierre Bourdieu e suas possibilidades teóricas com a questão histórica do "engajamento" político dos cientistas, o que acaba por nos inserir no debate sobre o que é um intelectual, tema caro a muitos autores. Como exemplo polêmico, a forma elaborada desse engajamento por Pierre Bourdieu, em seu livro A miséria do mundo, é debatida neste artigo. Por fim, o interesse foi elaborar, à luz dessas ideias, uma proposta coerente de análise das trajetórias sociais e histórias de vida dos indivíduos inseridos em grupos comuns, assumindo como bases o conceito de memória coletiva de Halbwachs e de persona coletiva de Boltanski.This text aims to relate Pierre Bourdieu's proposal of collective biography and its theoretical possibilities to the historical question of the political 'commitment' of scientists, which pitches us once again into the debate on what is an intellectual, a key topic for many authors. As a polemical example, the article discusses the form in which this commitment is elaborated by Pierre Bourdieu in his book The weight of the world. It then seeks to develop these ideas into a coherent proposal for analyzing the social trajectories and life histories of individuals inserted in social groups, taking as its lead Halbwachs's concept of collective memory and Boltanski's notion of collective persona.

  14. «La Perfecta Casada»: from the Model to Representations. Francisca Zorrilla’s Biography, Written by her Husband

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita TORREMOCHA HERNÁNDEZ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The existence of feminine models for Castilian women in the «postridentine» age is well known. Among these models, it stands out a work written by the Augustinian Fray Luis de León (1583. The great number of editions of the work proves its great success. «La Perfecta Casada» set a prototype of what a married woman should be and was read by many women. Decades after the appearance of this work, another was published in Alcalá (1661, which is not an ideal proposal but the story of a real life: the posthumous biography of Francisca Zorrilla written by her husband, Gabriel Álvarez de Velasco, judge at the «Chancillería» of Santa Fe. Her life, especially her married life, was exemplary. This work focuses on the biographical genre, on the author, on the story of life in its descriptive aspect, as well as on the adjustment to the archetype.

  15. Biography of Classics Scholar Kong Yingda in Tang Dynasty%唐代经学大家孔颖达简传

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳

    2012-01-01

    唐代经学鸿儒孔颖达在我国传统经学史上有着重要的地位,著名的《五经正义》即为其经学代表著作,列《十三经注疏》其一。孔颖达博学多才,著述颇丰,除研治经学外,对于传统史学也用力颇深,《二十四史》中著名的《隋书》即为其编撰。本文以孔颖达年谱为基础,结合新旧《唐书》以及其他史料,粗作其生平简传,乞望方家指正。%The Tang Dynasty Confucian scholar Kong Yingda had an important position in Chinese traditional classics history,for he had many famous works.Kong Yingda was a brilliant man of wide learning,as well as a prolific author.In addition to his researches into the classics,he was also excellent in traditional historiography.Based on the Kong Yingda chronicles,this paper briefly makes his life biography combining with the new and old "Tang Shu" and other historical materials,hoping to exchange ideas with all scholars.

  16. 澹归《列朝诗集传序》发微%On the Preface to The Biographies of the Ming Poets of Dan Gui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周松芳

    2015-01-01

    the Preface to The Biographies of the Ming Poets of Dan Gui is very important to the research of Liuji and Dan Gui,but many aspects await discovery.For example,the article says:Liuji is an Adherent of the Yuan Dynasty,but also a Ming Dynasty hero.This paper will research on the related background of the writing of the article,the analysis between hair covering.We conclude that Dan Gui is a Qing Dynasty monk,and also an Adherent of the Ming Dynasty.%澹归的《列朝诗集传序》,无论对于研究澹归本人,还是对于研究钱谦益,都是一篇重要文献,其中一些观点,如“析青田为二人,一以为元之遗民,一以为明之功臣,则凡为功臣者皆不害为遗民”等,震古铄金;提出的一些问题,如“虞山其为今之后死者宽假欤?为今之后起者兴起欤?”等,颇多待发之覆,遗民心态,则是其中的重点。

  17. The Female Image and Cultural Meaning of The Yaohua Biography%《瑶华传》中的女性形象及其文化意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    漆倩

    2012-01-01

    《瑶华传》叙述了雄狐转世的瑶华公主最终成为剑仙的故事。主人公瑶华被塑造成一个传奇式的英雄人物,体现了反传统的思想。作者用了大量笔墨突出女英雄的奇才异能,写出了她带有传奇色彩的成长经历。同时,又大胆地表现了她作为人的欲望和惰性,因而塑造出来的是一个“杂色”的女英雄,这在古代小说史上可谓别具一格。%TheYaohua Biography tells a story of Yao Hua Princess who is the reincarnation of male fox and finally becomes the Im- mortal Of Sword. The character YaoHua has been modeled as a legendary hero, which embodies the idea of counter-tradition. The au- thor uses lots of words to stand out the heroine' s wizards and her romantic growing experience. And it boldly shows the desires and in- ertness of her as a person, therefore she is a contradictory heroine, which is unique in the history of ancient novel.

  18. 《明儒学案·师说罗汝芳传》人物考辨%A Research on the People in Luo Rufang’s Biography of Confucians in the Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文会

    2013-01-01

    有学者认为《明儒学案·师说罗汝芳传》中邓先生指邓以讚,罗先生指罗洪先,“罗近溪汝芳”这一传目是误置增入,此篇应并入前一篇《师说罗洪先传》。这种说法实际上破坏了《明儒学案·师说》原来完整而严密的思想体系。通过对罗汝芳、邓元锡、罗洪先、邓以讚生卒年代及地域关系、学术师承及特点、邓元锡《祭罗近溪先生文》的分析,可知邓先生指邓元锡,罗先生指罗汝芳,《师说罗汝芳传》逻辑清晰、结构完整,完全能够独立成篇。%Some scholars believe that in Luo Rufang’s Biography of Confucians in the Ming Dynasty, Mr. Deng should refer to Deng Yizan and Mr. Luo to Luo Hongxian. This argument is in conflict with the compact composition of the biography. With an analysis of the academic thoughts, careers and geographic relations of Luo Rufang, Deng Yuanxi, Luo Hongxian, and Deng Yizan, this article holds that Mr. Deng should refer to Deng Yuanxi and Mr. Luo to Luo Rufang and that Luo Rufang’s Biography of Confucians is compact in logic and complete in composition.

  19. On Integration of Pre-Qin History Biography and Chinese Classical Novels and the Enlightenment%先秦史传与中国古典小说的纠合及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马军峰

    2012-01-01

    The pre-Qin history biography is an important part of Chinese classical literature. The forms and characteristics of the pre-Qin history biography greatly influenced the developments and trends of the Chinese classical literature. It indicated the powerful vitality of the Chinese classical literature.A study is clone on the pre-Qin history biography influencing the Chinese classical literature,to deepen the understanding of the Chinese classical literature. Through the analysis of this case, a useful insight to build a national literature and culture is provided.%先秦史传是中国文学的重要组成部分。先秦史传的诸多形态、特征、特点极大地影响了中国文学的发展及其走向。先秦史传以其特有的魅力昭示了中国文学强大的生命力。以史传文学,尤其是先秦史传对中国古典小说的生成及其影响作为研究对象,试图进一步加深对于中国古典小说诸多特征的深刻理解。拟通过这一具体事例的分析,为构建以至繁荣当下民族文学、文化提供若干有益的启示。

  20. 《汉志》所载《高祖传》辑佚与目录编次%The Compiling, Editting and Indexing of The Biography of Emperor Gao, Recorded in Han Zhi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹

    2014-01-01

    The whole words of “The Biography of Emperor Gao” in “Han Zhi” had been lost , but can we see its remains in Lei Shu , Collected Works Of Han Writers and history books . Relying on those works we can find out the “The Biography of Emperor Gao” 's lost words . Than , the paper attempts to carry out a preliminary discussion of the relationship among Zhuan , Ji , Qi Ju Zhu and Zhu Ji , consequentlly , draw a conclusion that “The Biography of Emperor Gao” and “Han four Emperor” (also containted in “Han Zhi”) can category into Qi Ju Zhu , just like “Mu Tian Zi Zhuan” . At last , make a discusion about the order of contents of “Han Zhi” . There are still wide numbers of controvery around this question . According to the analyze of remained words can deduce that “The Biography of Emperor Gao” and “Han Four Emperor” had been cut from “Han Zhu Ji” which is list in “The Spring And Autumn period class” in “Han Zhi” .%《汉志》所载《高祖传》十三篇亡,但其轶文多存在类书、汉代文集及史书中,本文着重从这些类书和文集中勾辑出《高祖传》之轶文;其次,探讨传、纪、起居注、着纪之间的关系,得出结论《高祖传》以及与其并列出现在《汉志·儒家类》的《孝文传》同《穆天子传》一样皆是起居注类。最后,探求《高祖传》的目录编次问题,对于这个前人多有争议的问题,根据对辑出的轶文进行分析,认为《高祖传》以及《孝文传》乃是从《汉志·春秋类》中《汉着记》裁篇别出的,是一种别裁之法,而非班固的讹误。

  1. A Critical Study of Peng Dingqiu’s Biographies in A Draft History of the Qing Dynasty and The Biographies of the Qing Dynasty%《清史稿》和《清史列传》中彭定求传记辨正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓世欣

    2016-01-01

    Focusing on Peng Dingqiu’s biographies in A Draft History of the Qing Dynasty and The Biographies of the Qing Dynasty, and relating to the relevant historical records, the paper makes a critical study of Peng Dingqiu’s life experience. Peng Dingqiu was born in Changzhou County of the Qing Dynasty in 1645 (the 2nd year under the rule of Emperor Shunzhi), and died in 1719 (the 58th year under the under the rule of Emperor Kangxi). Peng had the styled names of Qinzhi and Fanglian, and the assumed names of Chuxueren, Zhian (used later in his life), Nanylaoren and Yongzhenshanren. Peng was appointed as the Top Scholar by the emperor in 1676 (the 15th year under the rule of Kangxi), and he started his career as a complier in the Hanlin National Academy, and serviced for the Qing court for 12 years. Peng Dingqiu made extensive studies into the Neo-Confucianism ideas of the Song and Ming Dynasties, as well as the theories of Taoism without showing any discrimination against any school of thought.%以《清史稿》和《清史列传》中的彭定求传为对象,结合其他史籍,对彭定求的生平史实进行辨正。彭定求,清长洲县人,生于顺治二年(1645),卒于康熙五十八年(1719),字勤止,一字访濂,号复初学人,晚号止庵,又号南畇老人、咏真山人。康熙十五年(1676)被钦点为状元,之后,以翰林院修撰为起点,为大清朝廷工作十二年。彭定求广泛涉猎宋明理学以及道家学说,吸收各家学说无门户之见。

  2. 由大历史而小历史:20世纪中国长篇传记发展鸟瞰%History from Large to Small: an Overview on the Full-length Biographies of the 20th Century of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱茂伟

    2011-01-01

    China has a long history of biography. The characteristic of Chinese culture is decisive for the brevity and popularity of the eastern biography. Out of weak national colors, Western historians lay more emphasis on individual biography. Until the modern society they produced full-length biographies. Full-length biography imported into China in the early 20th century becomes more and more popular. The deep social background for such changes is the transformation of Chinese society. From the "big history" to "small history", the transformation develops the means of historiography. Both biography and "big history" have their own markets. This will be the two ways of China's future historiography.%中国是一个有悠久史传历史的国家,中国文化的特色决定了东方传记的公家性与短篇性。西方史学由于国家色彩弱,就诞生了偏重个人生活的传记,而到了近代自由社会,才终于产生了长篇传记。长篇传记是20世纪初从西方引进来的舶来品,在中国大有愈演愈烈之势。此种变化,从深层的社会背景来说,就是中国社会,从“大历史”到“小历史”的转型,从而丰富了书写历史的方式。传记有传记的市场,大历史有大历史的市场,这将是中国未来史学的两条发展道路。

  3. SONG Lian's Artistic Achievements in Biography and the Impact on Times%宋濂传记文艺术成就与时代影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昌云

    2016-01-01

    SONG Lian's biographical works are enormous in quantity , various in category and rich in content .The main characters of his biographical works are from all walks of life ,which reflect broad social horizon .He achieved good artistic effect through the combination of different kinds of techniques of characterization ,superb narration skills and intense lyricstyles . His biographical art originates from the historical biographical tradition in the Qin and Han dynasties , and developed the accomplishments of biographical essays of HAN Yu in the Tang dynasty and LIU Zong﹣yuan in the Song dynasty . He epitomized the biographical essays of the pre﹣Ming dynasty .His achievements not only paved the way for the civilianbiographical creation but also promoted the appearance of essays full of cultural atmosphereduring the mid and late periods of the Ming dynasty .He also leaded the trend ofromanticizing biography in the Ming and Qing dynasties . His contribution in biographical writings is undoubtedly remarkable .%宋濂传记文数量巨大、种类繁多、内容丰富,传主来自社会各个阶层,反映广阔的社会生活画卷。作者综合运用多种写人艺术、高超叙事技巧和浓郁抒情笔法,取得较好艺术效果。宋濂传记文艺术主要源自继承和发展秦汉史传传统和唐宋韩柳传记文成就,他是明前传记文成就的集大成者,其传记文创作开启明代中后期平民传记文创作的先河,也推动了中晚明人文气息浓厚的小品文出现,并开创明清传记传奇化写作风尚。宋濂传记文成就非凡,贡献卓著。

  4. 《旧唐书·孙思邈传》之史源%Historical origin of Jiu Tangshu · biography of Sun Simiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋珍民

    2012-01-01

    The book Datang Xinyu · Sun Simiao was compiled by Liu Su according to the original national historical papers of the Tang Dynasty which basically kept the features of national history.Based on this book and Binglishufu Xu (written by Lu Zhaolin) and Tanbinlu · Sun Simiao,Zhang Du sorted out the data about Sun Simiao and compiled the book Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao (in which the three stories of his lifetime were made up).Jiu Tangshi · Sun Simiao was edited by historiographers in the Hou-Jin Dynasty according to the biography of Sun Simiao in Tang national history,and referring to the Datang Xinyu · Sun Simiao,Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao,in which they only made a few adjustments on the basis of Xuanshizhi.Du Guangting compiled Xianzhuan Shiyi · Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao and added three stories of gods and spirits about Sun Simiao after he became immortal.Taipingguangji of the North Song Dynasty was compiled according to Xianzhuan Shiyi · Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi · Sun Simiao.%刘肃据唐国史旧文编成《大唐新语·孙思邈》,基本保留了国史旧貌.张读在《大唐新语·孙思邈》的基础上,据卢照邻《病梨树赋序》,梳理出卢氏所知之孙思邈若干事迹,又据胡璩《谭宾录·孙思邈》略加改补,并杜撰命数3事,编成《宣室志·孙思邈》.后晋史官修《旧唐书·孙思邈传》,在唐国史孙思邈传基础上,参酌《大唐新语·孙思邈》、《宣室志·孙思邈》后,基本照录《宣室志·孙思邈》,只是些许改动.杜光庭据《宣室志·孙思邈》增补孙思邈尸解成仙后的3则仙迹故事,编成《仙传拾遗·孙思邈》.北宋文臣编纂《太平广记》时,又据《仙传拾遗·孙思邈》和《宣室志·孙思邈》而成.

  5. 《大公报・文学副刊》:关于传记文学与历史小说%Ta Kung Pao Literary Supplement:about Biography Literature and Historical Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤林峄; 诸辰

    2014-01-01

    20世纪20年代创办的《大公报・文学副刊》,十分重视传记文学与历史小说的相关介绍和研讨。它立足于文学批评,从传记文学的创作技巧、现代转型,以及小说创作的历史意识等方面进行阐述,探讨了传记文学与历史小说的史学价值与文学价值。%Ta Kung Pao literary supplement which was founded in the 1920s paid lots of attention to the biography literature and the historical novels .Based on literary criticism , it explained their artistic technique ,modern transformation and historical consciousness , etc . It also discussed the modernity ,aesthetic nature and authenticity ,etc .of the biography literature and the historical novels .

  6. The Research Summary of Biographies of Merchants in Historical Records in the Last Ten Years%《史记·货殖列传》近十年研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路萌莉

    2014-01-01

    《货殖列传》是《史记》中很重要的一篇人物类传,近十年来,对它的研究论述颇多,研究角度也是多层次的,主要体现在经济、地理、人物、文学性、文字考证等方面。但在成果颇丰的同时,也存在一些问题,需要引起重视,如研究内容的重复、论证角度出现偏差、参考文献不足等问题。%Biographies of Merchants in Historical Records is the most important biography about people. Last decade, more and more articles are written to study it from the multi-perspective views, such as economy, geography, figures, literal analysis and wording. But it still has many problems, such as the duplicate content, the wrong views and unknown documents.

  7. 《旧唐书·则天皇后本纪》疑义考辨%Some Textual Researches on Old Book of Tang ·Biography of Queen Zetia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘晶安; 尤炜祥

    2015-01-01

    Wu Zetian was an important character in Chinese history.There are some mistakes in Old Book of Tan g ·Biography of Queen Zetian .This article attempts to do some textual researches on Biography of Queen Zetian including the omission of words,addition of sentences and misuses,etc so as to hope offer some benefit for the revision of the Old Book of Tan g ,one of the Twenty four Histories ,whose revision is being organized by the Zhonghua Publishing House.%武则天在我国历史上影响深远。然《旧唐书·则天皇后本纪》存在诸多差讹,不仅有夺字、衍文、形误等,且不少史实均有出入。在此予以考辨,以求对中华书局组织的正在修订中的“二十四史”之一———《旧唐书》有所裨益。

  8. BIOGRAPHY OF PROFESSOR ZHEN YAO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Professor Zhen YAO, Ph.D., a distinguished cell biologist and a Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Editor-in-Chief of Cell Research, passed away at 9:55 am on November 4th, 2005 in Shanghai at the age of 90. He is survived by his wife, Jing DING, his son Li Xing YAO,and granddaughter, Qin Yi YAO.……

  9. BIOGRAPHY OF PROFESSOR ZHEN YAO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Professor Zhen YAO, Ph.D., a distinguished cell biologist and a Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Editor-in-Chief of Cell Research, passed away at 9:55 am on November 4th, 2005 in Shanghai at the age of 90. He is survived by his wife, Jing DING, his son Li Xing YAO,and granddaughter, Qin Yi YAO.

  10. Blaise Pascal, une biographie spirituelle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moulin, Henri Schmitz du

    1982-01-01

    Dat Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) niet alleen een scherpzinnig religieus denker was, maar ook een groot wis- en natuurkundige, mag als bekend worden verondersteld. Als twaal{arige werd hij door zijn vader al meegenomen naar de zittingen van de academie van P. Mersenne, waaraan de voornaamste wis- en nat

  11. 读陈蒲清《陶澍传》--兼谈陶澍传记研究及其发展与展望%About The Biography of Tao Shu by Chen Poqing: On the Biographical Research, Development and Prospects of Tao Shu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶用舒

    2012-01-01

      The Biography of Tao Shu written by Chen Poqhing is a new biography of Tao Shu, accurate assessment of the Tao Shu’s historical position, with distinct characteristics. the founder of Tao Shu biography is Wei Yuan. Quiet after a century and a half, the last two decades of the twentieth century, has generated the "Tao Shu, in the south," Tao Shu, A Critical Biography "," Tao Shu and Ka Road Statecraft Thought "book. Tao Shu, the publication of the Collected Works in 2010, created favorable conditions for carrying out the biographical study of the Tao Shu.%  陈蒲清的《陶澍传》是陶澍传记研究中出现的一部新作,它准确地评价了陶澍的历史地位,具有鲜明的特色.陶澍传记研究的奠基人是魏源.在沉静了一个半世纪之后,20世纪的最后20年,先后产生了《陶澍在江南》、《陶澍评传》、《陶澍与嘉道经世思想研究》等著作.2010年《陶澍全集》的出版,为开展陶澍传记研究创造了有利的条件

  12. What do we know about the medical biography of Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938)? A summary of the state of knowledge and outlook on relevant issues for further research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatanoglu-Lutz, E Elif; Hot, Inci; Coban, Mustafa

    2013-08-01

    Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Turkish republic, is the subject of many more or less 'heroic' biographies and few critical ones. His anamnesis, however, is only available in fragments. Many books omit details of Atatürk's health and life, for example his bloodline, his illness and eventually his death, his funeral prayer and ceremony and his burial. His liver problem, diagnosed as cirrhosis and said to be the cause of his death, is well described but his general health and other sicknesses are scarcely recorded. This paper provides an overview of his anamnesis as far as it is known, the literature describing it and the level of knowledge generally published, and it also indicates where original research in the archives is needed to complete the picture.

  13. 文本话语与行为规范:西藏宗教人物传记的史学史意义%Textual discourses and behavior criterion:The historiographic significance of Tibetan biographies of the religious figures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙林

    2008-01-01

    从历史人类学的角度分析藏族历史上曾经大量存在的宗教人物传记,可见其特殊的写作传统、分类体系及流传的方式.在藏传佛教中,宗教人物传记被视为一利文本"传规",具有特别的含义.宗教人物传记是藏族史学著作中数量最多的文本,对藏族史学产生了很大的影响.对于藏族宗教传记的文化特点、历史演变及历史影响加以全方位的研究,有助于我们对藏族文化的更深层次的认识.%From the perspective of historical anthropology,this article examines a great deal of the biographies of religious figures in Tibetan history,reveals their special way of writing,classification,and circulation.In Tibetan Buddhism,biographies of religious figures are considered as a subject's demise (lung-rgyun) and have their special meanings.They are the text of the largest quantity in the historical works of Tibet and had great influence on Tibetan historiography.A comprehensive research on their cultural characteristic,historical evolvement and historical influence will help us understand the Tibetan culture in depth.

  14. 浅谈《史记·龟策列传》——兼与《庄子》之《外物》等篇的比较%Discussion on Turtle Biographies in Historical Records, Comparing with the Objects and Other Articles in Chuang-tzu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪生

    2016-01-01

    according to the basic ideas about the Turtle Biographies, in Records of the Historian, Sima Qian' s Preface, Mr. Chu said about its modern version,"The first and the last part of Oracle' s records should be the original of Sima Qian and it is also all contents of the biography. The ancient historians think it is no recorded book or improper to be sorted in biographies, which is worth discussing. Mr. Chu' s words are the complete misunderstanding of the uniqueness of the biography, which leads to the later historian' s criticism;at the same time, as to Chu Shaosun' s so-called complements it is undeniable about its certain literary and historical value, which is the re-creation of the text and historical biography of Chuang Tzu. Mr. Chu' s remarks crossed with several texts of Chuang Tzu shows that the doctrine of the pre-Qin presents the quality of history; history and biography literature is the product of the historiographer' s culture, and pre-Qin philosophers are also originated from the official and the relationship between those two.%按《史记·太史公自序》关于《龟策列传》的基本构想,今本《史记·龟策列传》"褚先生曰"之前的第一部分和最后的"卜辞"记录,应该就是司马迁的原作和该篇传记的全部内容. 旧史家认为其"有录无书"或不当入于"列传"之体,是值得商榷的. 而"褚先生曰"完全是作者不领会该篇传记的独特性所致,也招致了后世史论家的一致诟病;同时,也不可否认,所谓褚少孙补作,仍有一定文献性和史料性价值,是对《庄子》文本和有关历史传说的再创作. "褚先生曰"之所以杂凑《庄子》多篇,也说明先秦诸子之书,与"史"有同质的关系;史传文学是史官文化的产物,先秦诸子亦源于史官,二者的关系是同源而生.

  15. 《史记·儒林列传》中的先秦至汉初“六艺”之学%The Research of Six Classics in historic Records o rutin Biography from the Pre-Qin Period to the Western Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯倩

    2015-01-01

    Historical Records treat rutin Biography and Sima Qian Preface as the outline, discussing the academic development process . The academic accomplishment and profound knowledge of the background to let him have more and more comprehensive academic un-derstanding. Rulin Biography records the academic development of Six Art, researching rutin Biography is able to have a more complete understanding of ideas, while helping to understand the development of the Western Han Dynasty Confucianism.%《史记》以《儒林列传》《太史公自序》等为提纲,司马迁有意考辨学术源流、师承家法。家学传统及博览群书之便,使其较他人更有全瞻性的文化学术史观。以《儒林列传》所录“六艺”突破,能够对司马迁的学术思想有较为完整的认识,同时有助于了解西汉前期儒学的发展情况。

  16. On Han Shanbi' s Trilogy A Biography of Deng Xiaoping and The Last Years of Deng Xiaoping%在自由中逼近真理——论寒山碧的三卷本《邓小平评传》及《邓小平最后岁月》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙德喜

    2012-01-01

    《邓小平评传》是海南籍香港作家寒山碧传记文学的代表作。寒山碧利用香港的民主自由为邓小平撰写传记文学作品,力求客观真实,公正中立,既叙述了传主曲折的人生,又表现了传主的人性和温情,同时对传主作了精湛的评点,显示出作家追求真理的勇气。%A Biography of Deng Xiaoping is the master work of biography literature for Han Shanbi, a Hong Kong writer of Hainan origin. Thanks to the democratic and free atmosphere in Hong Kong, Han Shanbi makes ev- ery effort to be objective, authentic, fair and impartial in his writing of a biography of Deng Xiaoping. In his writ- ing, Han Shanbi not only relates Deng Xiaoping' s tortuous life but also shows Deng Xiaoping' s human nature and tender feelings coupled with a review of Deng Xiaoping' s life, which reveals Han' s courageous pursuit of the truth.

  17. The Influence of The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records on the Compilation of Official History and Encyclopedias%试论《史记·天官书》对正史、类书编纂的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵继宁

    2015-01-01

    The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records is the earliest encyclopedia in astronomy handed down from ancient China and it created the official histories style of astronomy. Under the influence of it, the later Biography of Astronomi⁃cal Officials records astronomy, while the Biography of the five elements records calamities and abnormal phenomena. Meanwhile, it has a great impact on the compilation of encyclopedias of past ages.%《史记·天官书》是我国现存的最早的天文学百科全书,首创天文学载入正史的体例。受其影响,后世正史《天文志》记载天文星象,《五行志》则专载天变灾异。同时,它对历代类书“天部”的编纂也产生了深远影响。

  18. PBL教学法在医古文传记教学中的应用研究%Explore to the Application Effect of PBL Didactics in Teaching Archaic Chinese in Medicine Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京玉; 韩一龙

    2014-01-01

    Objective In order to explore the application effect of PBL didactics in teaching Archaic Chinese in Medicine Biography.Methods A to-tal of 38 practicing Chinese Medicine undergraduate Were randomly divided into The test group and control group.Experimental group used com-bining PBL and traditional teaching method,while the control group used traditional LBL teaching method.Questionnaire was distributed to both groups.Data were analyzed by the statistical.Results There was no difference between two groups inthe end theory examination (P>0. 05). Results In Questionnaire investigation,the scores of test group were higher than those of Control group.Conclusion The results showed that the average score of students taught with PBL didactics was higher than the oncs with LBL.PBL method effective improve Archaic Chinese in Medi-cine Biography medical teaching effect.%目的:探讨PBL教学模式在医古文传记教学中的应用。方法将中医专业本科生38名随机分为试验组和对照组,试验组采用PBL与传统教学法相结合模式,对照组采用传统的LBL教学模式。对两组学生采用考试及问卷调查进行教学效果比较,对所得资料进行统计学分析。结果两组相比,基础理论知识考试成绩差异无显著性(P>0.05);在问卷调查中,试验组学生的考试成绩优予对照组。结论 PBL教学法优于LBL教学法,PBL教学法有助于提高医古文传记教学效果。

  19. 浅析《甄嬛传》中的《红楼梦》因子%Analysis of the Factors from Dream of Red Mansions to Zhenhuan Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕学琴

    2015-01-01

    The Red Mansions implication which contains in the TV series named Zhenhuan Biography evokes people�s cultural memory and reveals people�s aesthetic orientation.By researching the aesthetic items in the Dream of Red Mansions,such as poetic language,female figures and elegance life,which provides the reference for people to reflect the classical implication of traditional culture in contemporary society.%电视剧《甄嬛传》里的“红楼”元素,勾起了人们对《红楼梦》的文化记忆,透过“甄嬛”热的表象,可窥见人们心目中“典雅温婉”的“红楼”审美导向。通过研究《红楼梦》的诗化言语、女性形象、生活雅化等审美类项,致敬于经典,为当下社会反思传统文化的经典意蕴提供了参照。

  20. “The road from Mandalay to Wigan is a long one and the reasons for taking it aren’t immediately clear”: A World-System Biography of George Orwell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brendan McQuade

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell is one the best known and highly regarded writers of the twentieth century. In his adjective form—Orwellian—he has become a “Sartrean ‘singular universal,’ an individual whose “singular” experiences express the “universal” character of a historical moment. Orwell is a literary representation of the unease felt in the disenchanted, alienated, anomic world of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This towering cultural legacy obscures a more complex and interesting legacy. This world-system biography explains his contemporary relevance by retracing  the road from Mandalay to Wigan that transformed Eric Blair, a disappointing-Etonian-turned-imperial-policeman, into George Orwell, a contradictory and complex socialist and, later, literary icon. Orwell’s contradictory class position—between both ruling class and working class and nation and empire—and resultantly tense relationship to nationalism, empire, and the Left  makes his work a particularly powerful exposition of the tension between comsopolitianism and radicalism, between the abstract concerns of intellectuals and the complex demands of local political action. Viewed in full, Orwell represents the “traumatic kernel” of our age of cynicism: the historic failure and inability of the left to find a revolutionary path forward between the “timid reformism” of social democrats and “comfortable martyrdom” of anachronistic and self-satisfied radicals.

  1. 《李娃传》与《玉玦记》中妓女的命运差异之比较%Comparison of the Different Fates of Prostitutes in Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉华

    2011-01-01

    The romantic novels of scribes and prostitutes have always been popular subject.Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade have the similar story plots,but the fates of the two heroines are entirely different.Li Wa has been praised highly for her affection and faith,whereas Li Changnu was punished for her viciousness.Both of the different fates were influenced by many factors,some of which such as characters,authors and social backgrounds are very essential.%文士与妓女婚恋类题材小说历来是文人写作的热门题材,白行简的《李娃传》与郑若庸的《玉玦记》在故事情节上可谓一脉相承。而二文女主人公的命运却大不相同:李娃被塑造成一个有情有义的妇女,而李娟奴则因其歹毒得到了应该有的报复。促成两者命运差异的原因是多方面的,而男女人物性格、作者和社会等三方面因素是其重点。

  2. 韩愈《顺宗实录》的史传文学价值%On History Biography Value of "Shun Emperor Cases of Record" by Han Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢志勇

    2011-01-01

    Han Yu applied history-pen to the writing of "Shun cases of Record" with the spirit of the "Record",recording all the corruption cases about people and things of Shun Dynasty.This book Biographies for the crafty and fawning violent person,also for the Tadao Zhijian.Recording of events must be Careful Exceedingly.The whole story will be traced back to the narrative of the issue,and one view,with details of his life."Shun cases of Record",although not fully demonstrating the history only of Han Yu,it's value of historical literature should be affirmed.%韩愈兼善史笔,本"实录"之精神修撰《顺宗实录》,记载顺宗朝种种腐败的人和事,既为奸佞暴戾之人,亦为忠勇直谏之士立传;记事书法,必无所苟;一事之叙,必溯原委;一人之见,具详生平。《顺宗实录》虽没有充分展现韩愈的史才,但其史传文学的价值值得肯定。

  3. Analysis of Flush:A Biography from an Angle of Ecological Ethics%从生态伦理学的角度试析《弗勒希——一条狗的传记》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭颖

    2011-01-01

    Ecological Ethics is considered as a newly-risen science which could improve moral thinking of modern and contemporary environmental crisis.It not only has a huge effect on pushing environment protection,but also offers a new angle of analysis of literature text.This article analyzes the text entitled Flush: A Biography by Virginia Woolf from a new angle of Ecological Ethics.It aims at illustrating Woolf's views on the relationship between human and nature,especially human and animals.Furthermore,it also indicates the interdisciplinary in biographical literature.%生态伦理学作为一门对现当代生态环境危机进行道德思考的新兴伦理学,不仅对环境保护运动起了巨大的推动作用,具有一定的合理性,同时,它也为文学文本的研究提供了一个新的视角。本文试图从生态伦理学这个较新的角度对英国女作家弗吉尼亚.伍尔夫(Virginia Woolf)的《弗勒希——一条狗的传记》进行阐述和解读,从而说明文章是如何体现出伍尔夫对人与自然尤其是人与动物之间的关系的看法,以及传记文学中所蕴含的跨学科性的。

  4. A Textual Research on The Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History%《宋史·忠义传》“孙翊”、“孙益”考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙廷林; 王元林

    2015-01-01

    The History of the Song Dynasty has numerous volumes,many of which have corrupted a lot. The Sun Yi in the 446th volume“Loyalty 1:Biography of Sun Yi”and the Sun Li in the 447th volume“Loyalty 2:Xu Hui’s Talk with Sun Ang”are actually the same person. Sun Yi is recorded in various historical data which take Zhu Bian’s "Written Suggestions" or "Loyalty" as recorded history source,while Sun Li is recorded in various historical data which take "Feng’s Annals",“Jinlv’s Minutes”and Yang Cunzhong’s"Written Suggestions"as recorded history source. This paper denotes Sun Li to be correct according to original historical material and logical relations.%《宋史》卷四四六《忠义一·孙益传》的“孙益”与卷四四七《忠义二·徐徽言传附孙昂》中所提及的“孙翊”实为一人。揆诸史料,凡以朱弁所作《奏状》或《忠义录》为史源的史料皆作“孙益”。而以《封氏纪年》、《金虏节要》等史料为史源者皆作“孙翊”,且以杨存中《奏状》为史源的史料亦作“孙翊”。本文综合原始史料和逻辑关系,从史源的角度,厘清讹误,认为当以作“孙翊”者为正。

  5. 张采的叙事类散文探析--从“传状”文角度考察%Analysis of Zhang Cai's Narrative Prose From the Perspective of Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾硕先

    2016-01-01

    Zhang Cai who was one of the two leaders of the Fushe Association , which was the most influential organization in the literary circles in the late Ming Dynasty .The narrative prose composed by Zhang Cai mainly referred to as the traditional biogra -phies of history and ancient prose .In which various literary views can be found since Wang Yangming period , and it advocated the Neo-Confucianism .As for the narrative skills , he was good at exhibiting characters by special environmental description and crea -ting a solemn, serene and simple style .The traditional biographies of history and ancient prose can represent Zhang Cai ’ s prose style.So, we can understand the ancient literary retro -movement of the Fushe Association by investigating them .%作为明末主秉文坛的复社“二张”之一,张采叙事散文的特点于思想内容上,一扫王阳明以来的文坛纷纭,恪守明经倡学,回归程朱理学范畴;在叙事技巧上,善于将人物置身于特别的场景中凸显人物性格,善于营造静穆朴实的文风。作为张采代表性的散文创作文体,“传状”文无疑是洞见复社文学复古运动的一条捷径。

  6. Controversy over the Superiority and Inferiority of Historiography in a Series of Biographies of History Books and Historiography in Annalistic Style in the Tang Dynasty%唐代纪传、编年二体优劣论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹鹏程

    2012-01-01

    Historians of the early Tang Dynasty inherited the historiography theories of the South Dynasty and North Dynasty, and classified historiography in a series of biographies into history books written in biographical style. Afterwards, historians began to attach importance to the historiography principle that history should be written in order to pass judgment between praise and blame and to punish wickedness and encourage virtues, which was reinforced by the Study of the Spring and Autumn Annals rising in the mid- Tang Dynasty, having combined historiography in annalistic style with the purpose of praise and blame, also having revived chronicle historical records. Under this background, Huangfu Shi claimed that both types of historiography had the possibility of becoming excellent historiography works as long as they could punish wickedness and encourage virtues, which also exerted important influence on the compilation of A New History of the Five Dynasties ( Xin Wu Dai Shi ) and other history books in the North Song Dynasty.%唐初史家继承南北朝史学的理论遗产,列纪传体为正史。其后,史家开始强调史学褒贬人事、惩恶劝善的宗旨,这股思潮与中唐以后兴起的《春秋》学合流,将史书的编年体裁与褒贬义例联系在一起,导致中唐以后编年体史书中兴的局面。在此背景下,皇甫浞提出只要能立褒贬以示惩劝,二体皆可为良史的主张,对北宋时期《新五代史》等书的编纂产生了重要影响。

  7. On Characteristics and Writing of Historical Biography Style——Take Three History Books Written in Southern Dynasty for Example%试论史传文体的特征与撰述——以南朝三史书撰写为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周唯一

    2011-01-01

    Historical biography style is an ancient,especially an important style in the Southern Dynasty style.It has its origins and rules to follow.Ancient people paid much attention to history stems from the perception of the nature of historiography,the historical biography style and understanding of the historical biography writing.They scientifically and reasonably constructed the historical biography style as a compose key,and conducted a series of study and practice.Once the style is determined,what to write and how to write will random into the actual written stage.Its success or failure will be determined by the historians' philosophy,pens and talents of history.The existing book of Fan Ye's Later Han,Shen Yue's book of The Book of Song and Xiao Zixian's book of Qi Shu in Southern Dynasty are written strictly according to the write rule and are an outstanding example saved by history.They were both the important information for descendants to study the history of later Han,Song and Qi and the important models for studying on the history of historical biography style in Southern Dynasty.The successful write represented the surging up history of the historical biography style in Southern Dynasty.%史传文体是古代,尤其是南北朝文体中一种重要文体,其渊源有自,章法可循。古人重史,源于人们对史学性质、史传体例和史传撰述的认识。其中,他们又将科学地合理地建构史传体例作为撰述的重点,进行了一系列的探讨和实践。体例确定之后,写什么,怎么写,随即进入实际撰述阶段,其成败得失,由史家的史识、史笔、史才所决定。南朝现存的范晔《后汉书》、沈约《宋书》、萧子显《齐书》,便是严依这一撰述规律而被历史保存下来的典范之作。它们既是后人研究后汉、宋、齐历史的重要资料,又是探讨研究南朝史传文体的重要范本。其撰述成功,再现了南朝史传文体蓬勃兴起的历史。

  8. 魏晋南北朝区域人物传探论--兼与胡宝国先生商榷∗%A study of the local biographies created in the Wei dynasty,the Jin dynasty and the Six Dynasties:An interpretation different from Mr.Hu Baoguo’s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆帆

    2016-01-01

    Local biographies emerged in the Eastern Han dynasty and were a tool for the Imperial Court to reflect the local customs and cultures.Local biographies in the Eastern Han dynasty only re-corded the people in this dynasty,no matter they were virtuous or evil.During the Six Dynasties,the local biographies flourished due to the influence of historiography,the establishment of the system of official historians,and the critique of the historical figures.This flourish was also closely related to the confrontation between distinguished families.Most such biographies were created in the econom-ic,politic and military centers in those days rather than in the backward areas as Mr.Hu Baoguo said. Compared with the local biographies in the Eastern Han dynasty,those created in the Six Dynasties focused on highlighting the merits of the historical figures of various kinds in different dynasties. Since the Tang dynasty,the local histories and records with pictures had gradually become estab-lished,and as a result local biographies also became a part of local histories and were no longer regar-ded as an independent genre.%区域人物传创作发端于东汉时期,其最初是朝廷体察各区域风俗、人情的手段。此时的区域人物传多记本朝人物,且贤愚并录。至魏晋南北朝时期,受史学发展、史官制度设置、人物品评风气等时代背景的影响,区域人物传创作迅猛发展。此时区域人物传的发展亦与发达地区门阀世族间的互相抗衡有重要关系。各区域人物传多产生在当时的经济、政治、军事重心,而非如胡宝国先生所说产生于落后地区。与东汉时期区域人物传相比,魏晋六朝区域人物传专意于“述美”人物,其所记人物范围亦不再局限于一朝,所记人物类型也渐趋多元化。唐代开始,图经、方志逐步定型,区域人物传也多并入方志之中而不再独立成书。

  9. 从历代《达赖喇嘛传》看活佛转世定制%Look into t he Reincarnation System of Living Buddha based on the Biographies of the Sucessive Dalai Lamas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴海燕; 边巴拉姆

    2016-01-01

    达赖喇嘛转世从来不是纯粹的宗教事务,更不是个人事务。达赖喇嘛世系活佛世制度产生之初,就与明朝中央政府保持了密切联系。清代乾隆朝以后,凡达赖喇嘛世手续,掣签或不掣签,均需呈报中央核定。历代中央政府高度重视达赖喇嘛活佛转事务,不断加强审验管理力度,在达赖喇嘛活佛转世上形成了一整套规范管理的历史制。可以说,达赖喇嘛转世灵童的寻访认定过程,始终体现了中央政府权威,象征着中对西藏地方行使主权。%Dalai Lama’s reincarnation has neither been pure religious matter nor personal affairs .Since the beginning,Dalai Lama’s reincarnation system had kept a close contact with the Central Government of the Ming Dynasty .By Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty ,every procedure of the Dalai Lama ’ s reincarnation , ncluding whether lot -drawing or not ,must be reported to the Central Government for approval . Generations of the Central Government attaches great importance to the reincarnation of the Dalai ama,and continuously strengthen the inspection management .Searching process of the Dalai Lama ’ s re-ncarnation always embodies the authority of the Central Government .And it was a symbol of manage-ent that the Central Government exercise sovereignty over Tibet .Mainly according to the Biography of he Dalai Lamas ,the paper combed the history formation and development process of Dalai Lama ’ s rein-arnation system and the management of the Central Governments over Tibet .

  10. 目送归鸿,手挥五弦——第二届雁翼学术研讨会暨《雁翼传》出版座谈会综述%Gazing Wild Geese and Playing Chinese Lute——Review on the Second Yanyi Academic Conference and the Symposium of the Publication of A Biography of Yanyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德春

    2015-01-01

    On 24 April 2015, the Second Yanyi Academic Conference and the Symposium of the publica-tion of A Biography of Yanyi was held in the academic report hall on the first floor of academic exchanges center of Handan College .The Second Yanyi Academic Conference and the Symposium of the publication of A Biography of Yanyi not only exchanged the latest research fruits of Yanyi Studies , but also pointed out the direction and path for the true Yanyi Studies .Let us pray that the true Yanyi Studies can have a brilliant tomorrow .%2015年4月24日,第二届雁翼学术研讨会暨《雁翼传》出版座谈会在邯郸学院学术交流中心一楼报告厅举行. 第二届雁翼学术研讨会暨《雁翼传》出版座谈会不仅交流研讨了雁翼研究的最新成果,也为真正的雁翼研究指明了方向和道路,让我们祈盼真正的雁翼研究能够有一个辉煌灿烂的明天.

  11. 《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》与《柳毅传》情节、题旨比较研究%The plot and theme study of"Liu Yi book in Dongting water Fairy"and"biography of Liu Yi"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜楠

    2014-01-01

    "Biography of Liu Yi"was a representative text of Tang Chuanqi, later adapted for many,"Liu Yi book in Dongting water Fairy"was"new chapter", was the first adaptation of forming work, can arouse researchers’ attention. This article from two aspects of the plot and the theme to analyze the inheritance and development of"biography of Liu Yi".%《柳毅传》是唐传奇的代表篇章,后世多有改编之作,《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》是《新编醉翁谈录》中的一章,也是《柳毅传》第一部改编的成形之作,不能不引起研究者重视。本文试从情节和题旨两个角度分析《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》对《柳毅传》的继承和发展。

  12. All Mortal Beings under the Concession Culture ---Interpreting the Characters in Biographies of Shanghai Singsong Girls%租界文化背景下的芸芸众生——析《海上花列传》中的人物生存境遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红

    2012-01-01

    韩邦庆的《海上花列传》以上海租界为背景,描写了上海青楼中一群妓女和狎客的故事。展现了租界文化对上海人的生存境遇的影响。从传统与现代混融的新奇体验,外国巡捕统治下的租界及人们的自卑感,以及浮华境遇下自我的迷失及幻灭感三方面来分析《海上花列传》中租界文化背景下的人物生存境遇。%prostitute ' tures on S Shanghm In Biographies of Shanghai Singsong Girls, Han Qingban described the prostitutes' story and s customer ' s story under the concession cultures, which showed the influence of concession culhanghai people' s lives. The characters' sufferings under the concession cultures in Biographies of Singsong Girls are interpreted through the combination of the tradition and the novelty experience, the people' s humbleness under the foreign police' s governing and the people' s loss in the flashy circumstances.

  13. Contributions of Nepos and Plutarch to Western Biographical History by Comparison of the Three Biographies on Agesilaos%从三篇阿格西劳斯传记的差异看奈波斯与普鲁塔克对西方传记史学的贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕厚量

    2011-01-01

    Because of the division of history and biography in the tradition of classical scholarship,the biographies of Nepos and Plutarch are often considered as unhistorical works and have long been neglected in the study of historiography.The comparison of the t%由于古典学术传统中对历史与传记在体裁上的区分,奈波斯、普鲁塔克的传记往往被视为不具备史学性质的作品,而在历史研究中受到忽视。对色诺芬、奈波斯和普鲁塔克的三篇阿格西劳斯传记的比较显示,奈波斯和普鲁塔克的成果实际上代表了共和末期和帝国初期传记文学向传记史学发展过程中的过渡阶段,在传记作品的史学化过程中扮演了重要角色。他们在西方史学史上的贡献理应得到当代史学家们更多的重视。

  14. A Discussion on the SuWu 's Patriotic Image and the Contemporary Value of the SuWu 's Biography in HanShu--A First Talk about the Similarities and Differences between the SuWu 's Biography in HanShu and the SuWu of JieShi in XinXu%论《汉书·苏武传》中苏武爱国形象的塑造及其当代价值--由《汉书·苏武传》和《新序·节士·苏武章》的异同说起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳

    2016-01-01

    Compared with the SuWu of JieShi in XinXu Written by LiuXxiang, the SuWu's biography in HanShu written by BanGu appears more image, vivid and real history. Through the description of the SuWu 's deeds,the SuWu 's biography in HanShu shows the SuWu 's patriotic image and valuable patriotism, and using contrast against the backdrop of the way, sublimates the SuWu 's unswervingly patriotic spirit. The SuWu 's patriotic deeds and patriotic spirit is a concentrated expression and practice of the Chinese nation's outstanding traditional culture, provides valuable spiritual food for future generations of patriotic people, and is undoubtedly a medicine for today's emphasis on materialistic society.%与刘向《新序·节士·苏武章》相较,班固《汉书·苏武传》显得更加形象、生动而合乎历史真实。《苏武传》通过对苏武事迹的叙述,塑造了苏武光辉的爱国形象,展现了苏武可贵的爱国情操,并运用对比衬托的手法,升华了苏武矢志不渝的爱国精神。苏武的这种爱国事迹及其所展现的爱国精神,是中华民族优秀传统文化的集中体现和实践,也为后世人们的爱国行为提供了宝贵的精神食粮,对于当今偏重于物质的社会无疑也是一剂良药。

  15. A Biography of Du Zhou: A Comparison of Two Different Versions in Historical Records and History Book of Han Dynasty%《史记·酷吏列传·杜周传》《汉书·杜周传》异辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李剑清

    2012-01-01

    杜周是汉武帝时代政治舞台上极为重要的人物。司马迁、班固为这样的政治人物立传,却各具匠心。《史记-酷吏列传·杜周传》与《汉书·杜周传》相比较,主要有以下三个方面的差别:一是形制有别,二传皆为纪传体,但形制稍有差别,司马迁将杜周与其他酷吏合为一传,而班固并没有把杜周列入《酷吏传》,却另为《杜周传》。二是取材有别,司马迁单取杜周事迹,连缀为传,而班固却附记杜周子嗣,资料丰赡。三是立意之别,司马迁主要着眼于个体之“士”与大历史观,认为杜周是依赖于汉代酷吏制度而存在的,班固则着眼于宗族发展和西汉历史,认为杜周是武帝时代极为重要的政治人物,也是杜陵杜氏家族的崛起者。%Du Zhou was a prominent political figure in the reign of Wu Emperor in West Han Dynasty, whose biographies were even written by Sima Qian and Ban Gu, but with different perspectives. A Biography of Du Zhou in Historical Records is different from A Biography of Du Zhou in History Book of Han Dynasty in the following three aspects. First the form is different. Sima put Du' s biography with those of other cruel minor officials, while Ban specially wrote a biography for Du ; secondly the materials differ from each other. Sima selected only Du' s life and career, but Ban added Du' s generations giving readers supplement materials; thirdly the approaches are different. Sima chiefly focused on the gentlemen respectively and grand history concept, believing that Du was highly dependent on a cruel official system of West Han Dynasty, while Ban mainly concentrated on the development of tribes and West Han history, asserted that Du was not only an important political figure in the reign of Wu Emperor but also the forefather of Du' s Family.

  16. Shakespearian Biography and the Geography of Collaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Scheil

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The essay looks at the possibilities for reconciling two vibrant strands of Shakespeare studies. Many scholars have persuasively argued that Shakespeare’s plays were created within the collaborative environment of the London playhouses, involving a variety of influences within the performance network of early modern London. Conversely, recent archaeological work at New Place, Shakespeare’s home in Stratford, convincingly maintains that Shakespeare would have spent the majority of his time here, and not in London. Could Shakespeare have collaborated if he was not based in London? And if his primary residence was in Stratford, how could he have contributed as a collaborator with other playwrights? Resolving the contradictions between these two divergent models is particularly urgent for biographers, who have to chart a geography of Shakespeare’s writing career amid his two locales.

  17. Henri Poincaré a scientific biography

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Jeremy Gray explores all the fields that Poincar touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today. Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that Poincar's influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous Poincar conjecture. And Poincar's reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein's, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. Poincar the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against ...

  18. Slovenian Pre-Service Teachers' Prototype Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipovec, Alenka; Antolin, Darja

    2014-01-01

    In this article we apply narrative methodology to the study of pre-service elementary teachers' school-time memories connected to mathematics education. In the first phase of our empirical study we asked 214 Slovenian pre-service teachers to write their mathematical autobiographies. On the basis of the mathematical autobiographies we constructed a…

  19. A Biography for an Emerging Urban District

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava

    2015-01-01

    Abandoned industrial sites are often the starting oint for urban redevelopment, forcing the involved actors to discuss which qualities are discrded, protected, and reused. By way of a case study of the ongoing redevelopment of the Carlsberg breweries in Copenhagen, the article emphasizes open spa...

  20. (Anti-Biography and Neo-Impressionism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foa, Michelle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes neo-impressionism in relation to the biographical model of art criticism and art history that became increasingly prevalent in France over the course of the 19th century. Examining the critical response to the neo-impressionists, as well as some of their pictures and writings, I argue for the centrality of questions of authorship, individuality, and subjectivity to the group and its reception. I identify a distinctly anti-biographical tendency in the movement, one that disquieted the critics and led them to try and re-inscribe biographical meaning back into the work of Georges Seurat. Indeed, though Seurat instituted a divide between his work and his life in a variety of ways, he also insisted throughout his career on his paternity over the neo-impressionist method. In all of these ways, the relationship between the self and art was a significant and problematic issue for the neo-impressionists and the critics around them.

  1. Biographies of Stone and Landscape: Lithic Scatters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clive Jonathon Bond

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Lithic scatters are complex palimpsests. Cores, waste and tools, when interpreted in their landscape context often appear to constitute multiple episodes of activity. These seasonal and cyclical episodes represent different lengths of duration and/or function. This article deals with assemblages from central Somerset, UK, containing artefacts of flint and others of greenstone and sandstone and argues that discarded/deposited artefacts sometimes served as a resource for cultural memory.

  2. Supreme Court Biographies as a Classroom Resource

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, John Paul

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author goes beyond Supreme Court decisions to investigate the upbringing and personalities of three Supreme Court justices who left their mark on history: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, and Sandra Day O'Connor. His interviews with their biographers, G. Edward White for Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Juan Williams…

  3. Stephen Hawking and the universe a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Sztajnkrycer, Ben

    2012-01-01

    ABOUT THE BOOK Stephen William Hawking is arguably the most famous scientist since Albert Einstein. He is a theoretical physicist, applied mathematician, and cosmologist, but he is best known to non-scientists as the author of "A Brief History of Time," his best-selling book that unraveled the origins of the universe. His fame is so far-reaching that he has appeared on such popular entertainment as "Star Trek: The Next Generation" and "Late Night with Conan O'Brien." He has even been animated as a character on "The Simpsons." Hawking is also well known for being the longest-living survivor

  4. Biography of Dr. Simao Nascimento de Sousa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarkar, A.^red.

    , 2004. Dr. de Sousa was born on the 26th of February, 1944 at Corlim, Ilhas, Goa. He graduated with BSc (Hons.) in 1969 and MSc with Physical Chemistry in 1971 from the University of Bombay (Mumbai), India. He began his career with studies in the Mandovi... projects sponsored by different agencies. He has participated in several cruises on board worldwide with 10 different research vessels and has put in 891 days out at sea in the past 31 years of his career. He has to his credit a large number of research...

  5. Abraham Pais Prize: Physics, History, and Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassidy, David C.

    2014-03-01

    Each of these fields differs in obvious and not so obvious ways from the others in terms of goals, methods, purposes, and perspectives. Yet each also holds much in common with the others. Having worked in these fields and crossed the boundaries between them, I will explore in this talk not only the similarities and differences I have encountered on this journey, but also my growing appreciation of how these fields together provide a unified perspective on physics as a science and a disciple and as a vital component of our broader human culture.

  6. Einstein une biographie dessinée

    CERN Document Server

    Maier, Corinne

    2015-01-01

    « Je m'appelle Albert Einstein. En voulant comprendre l'univers, j'ai libéré des forces de destruction terrifiantes. Mais il faut continuer à chercher le grand secret du cosmos. » Albert Einstein (1879-1955) est un immense génie devenu, sans le vouloir, une star de la science. Avec ses théories de la relativité restreinte puis de la relativité générale, il a radicalement transformé nos vies. Voici le récit de son existence passionnée et de ses contributions fondamentales.

  7. Explaining Today's Physics Through History and Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindley, David

    2014-03-01

    Quantum computers, string theory, holographic universes - to the general audience, today's physics can be as mystifying as it is fascinating. But modern ideas evolved from an earlier phase of physics - Newtonian mechanics, simple cause and effect - that is in principle easier for the non-expert to grasp. I have found that writing about physics from a historical and biographical perspective is an effective way to convey modern thinking by explaining where it comes from - it is a way of carrying the reader from concepts that make intuitive sense to ideas that seem, on first encounter, utterly bizarre. Smuggling explanations into stories satisfies the reader's desire for narrative - bearing in mind that narrative can include the evolution of ideas as well as tales about intriguing and original people.

  8. Musicians as lifelong learners: discovery through biography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smilde, Rineke

    2009-01-01

    Today musicians face major changes in their professional life, confronted with questions of how to function flexibly and exploit opportunities in the rapidly changing cultural context. To this end, the concept of lifelong learning is being investigated within this study. Biographical research into

  9. Mark Zuckerberg biography of an accidental billionaire

    CERN Document Server

    Melendez, Macie

    2012-01-01

    ABOUT THE BOOK Mark Zuckerberg is one of the world's youngest billionaires, thanks to his role in co-founding social networking site, Facebook. As Facebook has grown exponentially since its founding in 2004 (with 845 million monthly active users as of the end of December 2011 according to Facebook), Zuckerberg's popularity has also flown through the roof. Interesting on so many levels, Zuckerberg's quick rise to fame is one that the mass media and general public just can't get enough of. There's his Harvard education, his invention of one of the most popular Internet sites this world has ev

  10. Expanded abstracts with biographies. 1987 technical program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-01-01

    Extended abstracts of papers are presented under the headings: borehole geophysics; electromagnetics; engineering geophysics; gravity and magnetics; invited papers from AAPG; invited best papers from associated societies; magnetotellurics; marine data acquisition; mining geophysics; poster papers; research symposium - recent advances in geophysics and the road ahead. SEG/SPE joint session - reservoir geophysics; SEG/AAPG joint session - case histories and interpretation; seismic sessions; student paper competition; and special SEG workshops.

  11. 1993 Technical program: Expanded abstracts with biographies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-01

    These proceedings are divided into the following sections: Borehole geophysics; Computing techniques; Development and production geophysics; Electromagnetics; Gravity and magnetics; Interpretation methods and case studies; Near-surface geophysics; Seismic acquisition; Seismic inversion; Seismic lithology; Seismic modeling/migration; Seismic processing; Special sessions; and workshops. Approximately 250 papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  12. Expanded abstracts with biographies. 1989 technical program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-01-01

    Extended abstracts of papers are presented under the headings: computing; crustal studies; economic exploration; electromagnetics; engineering and ground water; geology; gravity and magnetics; mining; poster papers; recent advances and the road ahead; rock physics; exploration applications of geologic modelling; seismic acquisition; seismic interpretation; seismic inversion; seismic modelling; seismic processing; student paper competition; and special SEG workshops.

  13. 唐修正史《列女传》中的“异类”-浅析《晋书·列女传》对有识鉴的才智女性的褒扬%An Analysis on the Praise for Intelligent Women in Jin Shu·Biographies of Virtuous Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王安宇

    2014-01-01

    The selection and writing of Jin Shu· Biographies of Virtuous Women are not out of moral values in Tang dynasty, which focuses more on praising the women who are loyal, obedient and can die to defend her chastity. However, Jin Shu·Biographies of Virtuous Women is an exception among the eight offcial historical books written by Tang government because of its descriptions of intelligent women. It’s a different phenomenon from other offcial historical books that the number of the intelligent women selected is almost the same as the number of loyal, obedient women in Jin Shu. Moreover, the descriptions of intelligent women are more perfect than writings of loyal, obedient women. There is a contradiction between Jin Shu· Biographies of Virtuous Women and the virtue of women selected in the book, seeming nonconforming to what is described in offcial historical books in Tang Dynasty. The contradiction is a result of political strategy with a purpose to embellish the behaviors of emperors of Tang dynasty, especially Emperor Li Shimin, who ordered his ministers to write the Jin Shu.%《晋书·列女传》对于女子事迹言行的选材与编撰并没有脱离唐代社会的主流价值观,其仍然以表彰妇女的节烈孝义为主。不过《晋书·列女传》对于有识鉴的才智女性的褒扬,不但表现在传主的数量上与忠贞女子最为接近,对于这类女性的描写与颂扬也远较忠贞女子丰满。《晋书·列女传》与自身所标榜的妇女节烈之德有矛盾之处,更显得与唐代官方史学对女德的看法步调不甚协调。这种不协调不是偶然,而是有着深刻的政治与史学思想的原因。

  14. Biographies langagières et compétences nécessaires à l'enseignement des langues: visions d'étudiantes et d'étudiants à l'entrée en formation initiale au métier d'enseignant

    OpenAIRE

    Etienne-Tomasini, Delphine

    2015-01-01

    Cet article fait suite à la journée d'études qui a eu lieu à l'Ecole de français langue étrangère (UNIL) en avril 2010 et qui portait sur les enjeux didactiques de la biographie langagière. Après une présentation du contexte de recherche, l'auteure met en évidence les différentes représentations qu'ont les futur-e-s enseignant-e-s en début de formation initiale (HEP/PH FR) sur les compétences langagières nécessaires à l'enseignement des langues. Finalement, l'importance de considérer la ...

  15. 对《后汉书·延笃传》所载屈原庙遗迹的历史考察%The Historical Investigation on the Remains of Qu Yuan Temple in The History of the Later Han Dynasty·The Biography of Yan Du

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱征

    2015-01-01

    Qu Yuan Temple written in The History of the Later Han Dynasty·The Biography of Yan Du is the first time recorded in the official history. It is located in ancient Chou County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province. In other words, the earliest remains of Quyuan Temple is in Lushan County Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.%《后汉书·延笃传》所记载的屈原庙,系正史所载最早的。其地域在今河南平顶山市。古犨县,在今鲁山县境内。也就是说,最早的屈原庙遗迹,在今河南省平顶山市鲁山县境内。

  16. Fatalism Determined Writing Style and Memoir Oriented Recording Principle--A case study ofBiography of General Li inShiji%“数奇”笔法,“实录”精神--以《史记·李将军列传》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马军峰

    2014-01-01

    This is an analysis of fatalism determined writing style embodied inBiography of General LiinShiji, which can be seen in the following aspects: typical material selection and proper trim; comparison and contrast; emotional discourse based on facts. The fatalism determined writing style is accompanied by a memoir oriented recording principle, which makes it a model for true history writing.%结合《史记·李将军列传》思想内容,探讨“数奇”笔法:一是选材典型,剪裁得当;二是对比手法,突出烘托;三是融入情感,寓论于史。在“数奇”笔法运用的同时,其难能可贵的是“实录”精神,可堪写作信史之典范。

  17. The Textual Research on the Relationship among the Biography of Wang Shi, the Stories of Stone Sun Li in Song Dynasty, and the Water Margin%《青琐高议·王实传》与宋话本“石头孙立”、《水浒传》关系考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仰东

    2011-01-01

    The story of Sun Li occupies an important position in the Water Margin. As early as in Song Dynasty, there existed the colloquial story of Sun Li. As the story text was lost, it was impossible to verify. Through the contrast of the stories of Sun Li described in the Biography of Wang Shi, in the Incidents in the period of Xuanhe of Song Dynasty, and in the Water Margin, through the text screening, and the analysis of folk diffusion, it can be inferred, as a system of story, there were some links between the Biography of Wang Shi and the Story of Stone Sun Li in Song Dynasty, and they can be regarded as a part of the source of the Water Margin stories and they have a close relation to the Water Margin.%孙立故事在水浒故事中具有重要地位。早在宋代就有了关于孙立的话本,由于文本佚失,其内容已不可考。将《青琐高议·王实传》与《大宋宣和遗事》、《水浒传》中有关孙立的情节进行比对,经过文本甄别、民间传承分析,推理认为,作为一个故事系统,《青琐高议·王实传》中孙立故事与宋话本“石头孙立”存在着一定的联系,可视为水浒故事源流的一部分,与《水浒传》关系密切。

  18. From Lechery in Youxianku to Abstinency in Biography of Yingying --On the Change of Love Relationship in Genius-gentlewoman Novels%从《游仙窟》“纵欲”到《莺莺传》“忍情”——看才子佳人小说情爱关系的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔孝冬

    2011-01-01

    This novel Youxianku is regarded as the first love novel in Chinese Literature history, while the novel Biography of Yingying is the most well-known in the Tang dynasty. In fact there is much similarity in many aspects in these two novels. Through comparison, we can conclude that these two novels have become the basic paradigm for novels on gifted scholars and beauties afterwards in the image creation, plot construction, emotion model and the application of presentation approaches, etc. The transformation from indulging in sexual pleasures in Youxianku to holding back passion in Biography of Yingying reflects litterateurs' sex attitude from openness to reservation, which further leads to the change of love relationship in later novels of gifted scholars and beauties from being sex-oriented to affection-oriented.%《游仙窟》是中国文学史上第一部真正意义上的爱情小说,《莺莺传》是唐传奇中最富盛名的爱情小说,这两部小说有许多相似之处。将《游仙窟》和《莺莺传》加以对照,不难发现,这两篇唐传奇中才子佳人形象、情节构成、感情模式以及表现手法的应用等方面都成为后世才子佳人小说创作的基本范式,从《游仙窟》的“纵欲”到《莺莺传》的“忍情”,文人性观念从开放转向内敛,这种转变也促使了后来的才子佳人小说的情爱关系由重“色”向重“情”转变。

  19. 由《史记·天官书>看上古社会的星占学思想%The Ideology of Astrology of the Ancient Society in The Biography of Astronomical Officials in the Records of the Grand Historian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵继宁

    2014-01-01

    The Biography of Astronomical Officials in the Records of History is the earliest encyclopedia in astronomy handed down from ancient China , and it is a special work summarizing the ideology of astrology of the ancient society .Although astrology is not a science, through The Biography of Astronomical Officials we can have a glance at the theoretical bases and the principles of astrology in the ancient society .The theoretical bases are the harmony of man and nature and the theory of Yin and Yang and five el -ements.The principles are practicing divination on abnormalities , association and comparison , and the concentration on virtues . Therefore , it is of great significance to the study and research of the history of religion , the history of philosophy , the history of poli-tics and the history of culture of ancient China .%《史记·天官书》是我国传世的最早的天文学百科全书,也是一部对上古社会星占学思想予以总结的专书。尽管星占学是非科学的,但透过《天官书》,我们可以一窥上古社会星占学思想的理论基础和星占原则。其理论基础即天人合一观和阴阳五行说。其星占原则即“过度乃占”的原则、联想比拟的原则和关注“德”的原则。由此,对于我国上古社会的宗教史、思想史、政治史和文化史等的考察和研究具有重要意义。

  20. Repetition and Variation of the Chinese-Vietnam NovelThe Biography of Jin Yunqiao from the Perspective of Cultural Circle%从文化圈视野看中越《金云翘传》的重复与变异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡巧玲

    2016-01-01

    The “Cultural Circle” view of the cultural communication school is beneficial for the re-interpretation ofThe Biography of Jin Yunqiao, an important illustration for the cultural communication of Sino-Vietnam. As one of three oriental literature culture circle centers, Chinese Culture in history used to radiate and diffuse to the surrounding North Korea, Japan, Vietnam and other countries. Chinese novelThe Biography of Jin Yunqiao was introduced to Vietnam at first, later was imitated and adapted to a six-eight style poetry with rich Vietnamese feature by Yuan Xiaomo, and later became a classic of Vietnamese literature. Today, it reenters to the China-ASEAN literature association domain. This kind of repetition and variation reflects the dynamic relationship of the world literature.%文化传播学派的“文化圈”视野,有助于重释中越文化交往的著名例证《金云翘传》。作为东方文学三大文化圈中心之一,历史上华夏文化向周边的朝鲜、日本、越南等国辐射与扩散,中国小说《金云翘传》进入越南,被阮攸摹写与改编,赋予了它富于越南民族特色的六八体的诗歌形式,使之成为越南文学经典,在当代重新进入中国—东盟文学关联域。这种重复与变异,体现了世界文学的动态关系。

  1. 《汉书·江充传》“充出逢馆陶长公主”考%Research on "Jiangchong Went out and Met Princess Royal Guantao" in Jiangchong Biography of the Book of Former Han

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦进才

    2011-01-01

    The story "Jiangchong went out and met Princess Royal Guantao" written on Jiangchong Biography of the Book of Former Han caught everyone's eyes, scholars discussed its value from different angles. Learning from the predecessors'study results, this article mainly discussed what time Princess Royal Guantao died, what time the position of Xiuyi Censor was set up, what time Jiangchong took charge of Xiuyi Censor, what time the queen mother died and the time of queen mother's edict. By studying the biography history book and annalistic style history book, it seemed that Jiangchong "went out and met Princess Royal Guantao" was not existed.%《汉书·江充传》所记述的江充“出逢馆陶长公主”事件,引人注目,学者们从多方面探讨其价值,论证其含义。笔者在汲取前人成果的基础上,从时间角度考察,探讨馆陶长公主的卒年,探索绣衣御史的称谓、设置年代与江充担任直指绣衣御史的年代,探究太后卒年与太后诏,考察纪传体史书与编年体史书对于此事的记载,认为江充“出逢馆陶长公主”事件似乎不可能存在。

  2. FOREWORD: Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Milton W.; Crespi, Vincent H.; Dresselhaus, Gene F.; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Mahan, Gerald D.; Sofo, Jorge O.

    2010-08-01

    Peter Eklund grew up in Southern California and attended the University of California at Berkeley, majoring in physics. After working for one year at the Lockheed Missile and Space Company in Sunnyvale, California, he left to pursue graduate studies at Purdue University. There he carried out PhD research in strongly correlated electron and phonon systems under the supervision of J M Honig and L L van Zandt. Peter joined the group of Millie and Gene Dresselhaus at MIT in 1974 as a Postdoctoral Fellow after one year as an instructor at the University of Kentucky. At MIT, he continued work on strongly correlated systems in collaboration with Professor David Adler (who had an adjoining office), but for the most part he got excited about sp2 carbon systems and graphite intercalation compounds, a new research direction which the Dresselhaus group had started one year before Peter's arrival at MIT. Over the next 35 years Peter, Millie and Gene co-authored over 50 research articles, several review articles, and a big nine-hundred-and-fifty page book. In 1974, they saw graphite intercalation compounds as a long-neglected research direction of great promise. They studied these new materials together over the next 16 years, focusing on their optical spectroscopy. Their pioneering vibrational spectroscopy studies provided a means to characterize the fundamental properties of carbon materials. Optical spectroscopy became a centerpiece in the research portfolios of all three, both when they were together at MIT and after Peter left for the University of Kentucky in 1977 to start his independent career as an Assistant Professor of Physics. Peter became a full Professor at Kentucky in 1986. He continued to work with Millie and Gene and also acquired an ever-expanding network of students, postdocs and collaborators. As each new carbon nanostructure emerged—graphite intercalation compounds, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and most recently graphene—Peter was at the cutting edge, leading the charge forward. His work on fullerenes, starting around 1988, culminated in a book co-authored with Millie and Gene in 1996, The Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes [1]. Through careful sample handling and analysis, his group at Kentucky discovered the mechanism of photo-polymerization in fullerenes. In 2000, Peter co-edited the research monograph Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene Polymer Composites with A M Rao, a former student [2]. His group at Kentucky also performed the first definitive Raman study of the phonons responsible for superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerene compounds. Peter was awarded the prestigious University of Kentucky Research Professorship for his contributions to graduate education and research discoveries in carbon materials. In the summer of 1991, Peter held early discussions with his two long-time collaborators on the possibility of carbon nanotubes. These discussions inspired a talk by Millie at a fullerene workshop the next day concerning the possible existence of single-walled carbon nanotubes [3]. The first papers by Iijima on the synthesis of multiwalled nanotubes appeared soon thereafter [4]. In 1994, Peter measured an early Raman spectrum on a sample containing just 1% of single-walled tubes. On the basis of this early work, he convinced Rick Smalley to provide him with a proper sample of single-walled carbon nanotubes in 1996; this is the sample on which the highly cited single-walled carbon nanotube Raman spectrum was taken [5]. Carbon nanotubes then became a central focus of the Eklund group. Peter, Millie and Gene worked together on many aspects of carbon nanotubes, including the study of infrared-active modes, Raman active modes, Raman spectra for single-walled nanotubes, and the differences in the Raman spectra of semiconducting and metallic tubes. In 2009 they combined efforts to investigate phonons in graphene. Peter was also an entrepreneur. He started a company, CarboLex, to make and sell nanotubes in large quantities, thereby giving industrial support to advancing fundamental science. He co-founded two additional companies: PhotoStealth produced computer-generated camouflage patterns printed on textiles and ICMR pursued laser-driven synthesis of nanoparticles and coatings. ICMR moved from Lexington to Silicon Valley and evolved into Nanogram, later reorganized as NeoPhotonics. Both CarboLex and NeoPhotonics are still actively engaged in the research and development of nano-materials. Peter joined the Physics Department at Penn State University in 1999, becoming a Distinguished Professor in 2008. In 2002, he also joined the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. In addition to further seminal work on carbon materials, Peter initiated a research effort in semiconducting nanowires, obtaining the first clear evidence of phonon confinement in 1D nanostructures. After the Novoselov-Geim work on monolayer graphene appeared, once again Peter Eklund was there to publish very early Raman spectra on monolayer, bilayer and few-layer graphene. Thus, the work of Peter Eklund unfolds the leading wave of discoveries in carbon nanostructures starting in 1974 and continuing over a thirty-five year period to August 2009. Peter mentored more than 40 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. He co-authored over 300 research articles and more than 20 chapters in monographs. His scientific oeuvre has been cited more than 16 000 times. Peter acquired three US patents with five more pending. He was recognized with the Japan Carbon Award (2008), the American Carbon Society Graffin Award (2005), American Physical Society Fellowship (1990), and visiting/honorary professorships in Nankai University, Yokohama City University, Shinshu University, Tokyo Science University, and (as a visiting scientist) in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. From 2003 to 2006 he was a member of the Solid State Sciences Committee of the US National Academy of Sciences. Peter enjoyed challenges. He was in his glory while interpreting the stories told by experimental data in partnership with his colleagues and research team of dedicated postdocs and students. Peter was admired all over the world for his creativity, his kindness, his engaging personality, his breadth of interests, his sensitive character and his quick wit. Several friends have shared their memories: Kumble Subbaswamy (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter, along with Karen, were the gentlest and most generous souls I have ever met. He picked up stray dogs and stray graduate students alike, nurturing them through sickness and health. I will never forget the hospice-like care he provided to one international student who worked in his lab, but succumbed to cancer. In his early days at Kentucky, when funds to support his research were very scarce, he made frequent visits to the military surplus store nearby and behaved like a kid in a candy store, bringing back all sorts of electrical and mechanical parts for his experiments. It is in no small measure due to this ability that he built such a successful career. Peter was without peer when it came to instrument design and fabrication. I mentioned to him, during my job interview at the University of Kentucky (where he arrived one year before me), my interest in studying the Raman spectra of molten alkali halides. Several months later when I arrived on campus, I was surprised to find he had constructed a beautifully crafted Raman chamber supporting a contactless molten sample! He had anticipated and addressed every possible complication.' Qihua Xiong (Nanyang Technical University, Singapore): 'Peter was a great mentor; he knew how to stimulate students to explore their full potential. Students could knock on his door with questions or with new data any time. He was always patient. He explained physics with his fountain pen on a notepad or with a marker on a white board until students understood. When students made mistakes, he never blamed the student, because he believed it is part of training to allow students to make mistakes. I once designed a mask adapter to connect our existing three-inch photomasks to Srinivas's four-inch mask aligner. The design looked beautiful and the machine shop did a perfect job to machine and polish the piece. Unfortunately, I made a stupid mistake. The central opening was slightly larger than the square vacuum groves behind the mask holder and as a result, it leaked! I was very disappointed in myself, as I not only wasted grant money but also delayed our experiment. Peter patted my shoulder, picked up a sharpie and wrote on the mask adapter, 'even great people make mistakes, but they learn.' So we machined another one, and it worked well. This failure piece still stands on my bookshelf. I keep it as a motto: it warns me not to make any mistakes like that, but more importantly it encourages me to be a supervisor like Peter.' Joe Brill (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter's occasional impetuousness and his love of physics are illustrated by the following anecdote. In December, 1979, I had just joined the faculty at the University of Kentucky, excited about the prospect of collaborating with Peter, who had arrived two years before. I was, therefore, dumbfounded when Peter abruptly announced his resignation to join IBM to do research on printer ink. After less than two days at IBM, however, he sheepishly asked to come back to the UK, explaining that he couldn't enjoy doing research that didn't involve 'h-bar'. His UK colleagues, who had not even had the chance to raid his lab, of course agreed with great amusement and relief. His joy and enthusiasm for physics remained contagious and unforgettable.' Milton Cole (Penn State University, USA): 'Somehow my very last conversation with Peter, two days before his death, typified the hundreds of conversations we had about science, or even philosophy. His first words after greeting me consisted of a hypothetical explanation of the physical mechanism of a new intravenous tube he was obliged to use. He conveyed on that occasion the very same excitement that he displayed years earlier when he volunteered to present a demonstration of electrical circuitry to a group of third-grade students. Those eight-year olds became as enthusiastic as Peter. It is no wonder that Peter was so admired and loved.' Jackie Bortiatynski (Penn State University, USA): 'I loved working with Peter on summer science camps for kids. He was creative, funny, brilliant, and an inspiration. I just don't know where he got all his energy. I will truly miss him as a colleague.' Toshiaki Enoki (Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan): 'Peter was very serious in his research work, but he also had an amiable personality with a very good sense of humour. I remember the occasion of a small international workshop, which was chaired by me in Ise, Japan in 1985. We had serious and intensive discussions in the scientific session, then in the evening we enjoyed an excursion and banquet in Ise, a small old town with a famous shrine named Ise Jingu. Peter romped out with joy wearing yukata (Japanese traditional night clothes) after taking a hot spring.' Robert Haddon (University of California, Riverside, USA): 'Peter was the driving force in creating a position for me at the University of Kentucky in 1997. After I joined Kentucky, we immediately focused on the large-scale synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes and we became one of a handful of research groups that could produce single-walled nanotubes in quantity. Soon after, we founded CarboLex and the university was awarded an NSF MRSEC on Advanced Carbon Materials. For most of the time that I spent at Kentucky, our research groups met as a unit and our collaboration greatly assisted me in making the transition to academia. Above all, Peter was a physicist in very much the same tradition as the great colleagues that I had been privileged to work with at the Bell Labs. Peter and Karen made me welcome in their home from the time I arrived in Lexington and I have fond memories of the time we spent together.' Photo Keith Williams (University of Virginia, USA): 'In 1993, Peter introduced me, in the dark, to his postdoc Apparao Rao, who was then doing Raman on C60 at Kentucky. I thought it was pretty interesting and that was how I began working for Peter. I was an exile from high-energy physics: the SSC had just been canceled and I had drifted in and out of biophysics and AMO and finally settled on Peter's brand of experimental nanomaterials physics. I immediately enjoyed Peter's ingenuity and his wonderful sense of humour. One aspect of Peter's character not widely appreciated by his students was his thrift: if something could be made, borrowed (with or without consent), or used after-hours then he always advocated that strongly. More than once, we got demo equipment, ran an all-nighter on it to collect data and then sent it back a day later. Almost nothing was bought off the shelf! Peter attributed these tendencies to his ancestry, and that was an unending joke between us. Of course, the strategy of making every penny count benefited me greatly in the long run, and last year I told him I had outdone him in my lab: almost everything was built from scratch, and everything else was on loan. He smiled a proud smile. On the personal side, however, Peter was always very generous; I fondly recall the dinners with him and Karen and the other students, their beloved dogs, with the Beach Boys inevitably playing in the background. Peter and Karen were wonderful to me and so many other students, and it didn't surprise me at all to learn that Peter's last scientific concern was that a proposal had been funded and that his students were going to be okay.' Kenichi Kojima (Yokohama City University, Japan): 'In 1997, Peter came to Yokohama as a Guest Professor at Yokohama City University to give his lectures to our graduate students. Peter was an excellent lecturer, of course. But when I played tennis with him for the first time, I found that he was an amazing tennis player as well. He hit the ball really hard, and his serves were amazingly fast. During his stay, Peter liked stopping over at a typical traditional Japanese-style pub for dinner by himself. One day he wanted to have a beer before dinner. However, he was not sure how to order draft beer in Japanese, and the manager of the pub did not understand English. He carefully listened to what the customers around him said when they ordered beer. He then said in a loud voice, 'Please give me a glass of mama beer.' In Japan, female servers in pubs are often called 'mama' by customers, and we call draft beer 'nama beer' because 'nama' means 'living' in Japanese. Probably 'nama' sounded like 'mama' to Peter. Later he proudly told me, with a happy smile, how he got a delicious draft Kirin beer. Peter loved not only science but also traditional Japanese culture. He was a polished person. I would like to show you the words written in his own hand in my visitor's book when he came to my home after playing tennis in 1997. May his soul rest in peace!' Photo Millie Dresselhaus (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA): 'At the time of Peter's entry into the study of sp2 carbons in 1974, the field was an eclectic area of science that only interested a small group of aficionados. Through his many contributions during the next 35 years as well as those of others, the field has grown dramatically, and now it is a major area of interest in condensed matter and materials physics worldwide. Working on joint projects together with Peter Eklund was both educational and enjoyable. In our joint efforts, I was responsible for the big picture, Peter was the master of experimental details and Gene Dresselhaus was the man responsible for getting things done well and on time. During the last 35 years of his life, starting from his postdoctoral period, we enjoyed a close working relation, especially for the first 25 of these years, overlapping with his stay at the University of Kentucky. As his career developed, our relationship changed from a postdoctoral advisor, to a collaborator, friend, and confidant. After his mother passed away I assumed the role of his 'second mother' as he called me. We remained very close personally, even though far away in location and despite his many other professional collaborators. Looking to the future, life without Peter will never be the same.' References [1] Dresselhaus M S, Dresselhaus G, and Eklund P C 1996 Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes (New York: Academic Press) [2] Eklund P C and Rao A M 1999 Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene-Polymer Composites (Springer Series in Materials Science vol 38) (Berlin: Springer) [3] Dresselhaus M S 1991 Recent advances in electronic materials Proc. of the 38th Sagamore Army Mater. Res. Conf. (Watertown, MA, Materials Technology Laboratory) ed Thomas V Hynes p 45 [4] Iijima S 1991 Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon Nature 354 56-8 [5] Rao A M, Richter E, Bandow S, Chase B, Eklund P C, Williams K W, Fang S, Subbaswamy K R, Menon M, Thess A, Smalley R E, Dresselhaus G and Dresselhaus M S 1997 Diameter-selective Raman scattering from vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes Science 275 187-91

  3. An Analysis of the Content and Characteristics of the Narratives Found in the Biographies of the Transcendents Pertaining to the Shangqing Daoism of the Eastern Jin Period%东晋上清经派仙传叙述内涵与特质析论∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢聪辉

    2016-01-01

    运用西方叙述学中文类的观念,来分析道教东晋上清仙传的名称体例、语言笔法与意象结构上所表现的叙述内涵与特质,以凸显其作为宗教别传的文学意义与“修与报”的结构功能。首先,探讨其内传命名的区隔性与传信性,内传撰阅的封闭性与神圣性,以及所表现的形式体例特质。其次,分析其结合宗教体验与文学美感所形成的诗的、象征的、神话的宗教语言,以及叙述虚实笔法与情节发展的结构性关系,所具显的“既是宗教又是文学”的艺术美感。最后,解析文本中感官字词描述所呈现的丰富文学意象,以及修炼与仪式所蕴含的叙述结构,推定其应颇合乎“奇幻叙述体”的叙述审美特色。%This paper utilizes genre related classificatory concepts from Western narratology in order to analyze the narrative content and characteristics expressed through the titles,textual arrangement,lan-guage style,and conceptual structure one finds in the biographies of the transcendents of the Eastern Jin Shangqing Daoism.My goal is to emphasize their literary meaning as religious hagiographies as well as their function,which is based on the “cultivation and retribution”structure.In the first part,I shall dis-cuss the segmentation and the evidentiality associated with the nomenclature of the esoteric biographies, the hermetic and sacred dimensions connected to their composition and reading,as well as the formal char-acteristics of the textual arrangement expressed through them.In the second part,I shall analyze the poet-ic,symbolic and mythological elements of the religious language thus created by means of the combination of religious experience and literary sense of aesthetic beauty one finds in the biographies.I shall also ana-lyze the artistic sense of beauty revealed by the structural connection between narrative style and plot de-velopment,which is characterized by its double

  4. 秦汉社会方技--医药学探析--兼论司马迁为扁鹊仓公立传的历史意义%The Study of Medicine and Pharmacology in Qin and Han Dynasties--- Discussing H istorical Signi ficance of Sima Qian Writing Biography for Bian Que and Canggong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱子彦

    2013-01-01

      医药学是我国古代科技的重要门类之一,在刘歆的《七略》中,医药学被称之为“方技略”,医生被称之为“方者”。司马迁在《史记》中撰《扁鹊仓公列传》,开创了正史为方技立传的先河,后世因袭,遂成故事。从长沙马王堆出土的《五十二病方》来看,从春秋战国至秦汉社会,医方包括部分禁方有了很大的普及。东汉初年编成的《神农本草经》集中反映了先秦秦汉时期药物学的成就。方技中不仅方者,甚至鼓吹神仙术的方士,都对药物学作出了一定的贡献。%  Medicine is one of the important categories of ancient science and technology in China .In the Seven Brie fwriten by Liu Xin ,medicine was called Fangji Brief ,the doctor was referred to as Fangzhe . Sima Qian had written Records of the Grand Historian :Collected Biographies of Bian Que and Cang Gong ,which had been pioneered the official history to write biography of Fangji .Through 52 Kinds of Disorders unearthed in Mawangdui Han Tomb in Changsha ,medical prescriptions including some taboo prescriptions extensively had been popularizing from the Spring and Autumn periods and Warring States periods to the Qin and Han dynasties .The Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic compiled in the early Eastern Han dynasty concentrated to reflect achievements of the Qin and Han’s medicine .Both the Fangzhe and alche-mists also made a certain contribution for medicine .

  5. Fighting Angel:Reoccurrence of mirror and light——On fabrication of Pearl S.Buck's biography works%《战斗的天使》:重现的镜与灯——试论赛珍珠传记作品的虚构性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯郅玥

    2012-01-01

    As one of Pearl S.Buck's representative biography works,"Fighting Angel",highlights the real life description of Andrew,which includes his work,dream and even the whole spirit world depiction.Pearl S.Buck in the position of feminist perspective,illustrated the content of Andrew's life trace and Christian beliefs.The writer first reproduced the Andrew's real life in China,which is like seeing the image in the mirror;she also created this biography literature,combing her life experience,and made up some details in her point of view to express her father's scenes of life with the woman,family and religion's attitude that she can't experience them.Most of all,the part which the writer deliberately hid by many kinds of symbols,expressed the profound significance.%赛珍珠传记文学代表作《战斗的天使》着力表现了传主安德鲁真实的生活、工作、理想乃至整个精神世界。赛珍珠通过女性主义的立场向人们叙述了传主生命历程与精神信仰的内涵。作者以真实性为前提条件,通过镜像重现传主在华生活的历史轨迹;又结合本人生活体验进行虚构创作,在创作中以旁观者视角深入探寻,叙述了她未曾见证的安德鲁的历史事实。最为重要的是,作品往往采用看似随意、实则有意识的手法,通过"天使""生魂"等"症候性"变形符号表现出来,从而达到了形象塑造的全新高度,最终实现以安德鲁的虚构性内容为依托,展现作家自己内心的广大空间。

  6. A Sight of Zhuangzi from Unfolding a Fan- A Comment on The Happy Excursion ・ The Biography of Zhuangzi by Wang Chonglv%一挥折扇见庄周--评王充闾的《逍遥游・庄子传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    轩小杨

    2015-01-01

    The Happy Excursion ・ The Biography of Zhuangz i ,one of the first publications in the series of Chinese Historical and Cultural Celebrities ,taps the hidden messages and life stories in Zhuangz i ,and makes a development from cultural records to historical descriptions in the style of cultural prose .Re-strained by exceedingly rare and foggy historical facts ,Wang Chonglv ,the author of the biography makes his point of view on the basis of historical facts and vivid narration ,explores the in-depth meaning and es-sence of Zhuangz i ,reveals the culture-loaded figure of Zhuangzi to the maximum ,and presents us a living ancient as an enlightened philosopher ,a common person ,a talented scholar ,a language master and a ro-mantic poet .As to its structure ,the book develops in a way like unfolding a fan and presents a careful link and a detailed analysis ,weaving the life story of Zhangzi and his writings ,criticism upon him and his influ-ences over later generations into an organic whole .%王充闾的《逍遥游・庄子传》作为“中国历史文化名人丛书”首发之作,在史实极为模糊稀少的条件下,充分挖掘《庄子》文本内藏和庄子的生平隐迹,由史事而向文学审美描述曼衍,在极大近似的程度上以文化散文的笔法,踵事增华,立论不失史据,行文追求形象,探索《庄子》文本深义和梳理庄学精要,展现了具有丰富历史文化内涵的庄子形象,显示了庄子作为旷世文化哲人、市井布衣、天才士子、语言大师和浪漫诗人的鲜明特征。在全书的篇章结构上,以折扇展开的方式上编制章节,条分缕析,环节紧扣,把庄子的生平与著述、评说与影响,索引钩沉,有机地统合在一卷之中。

  7. 卡特福德翻译理论指导下的《百病之王:癌症自传》翻译分析%An Analysis of the Translation of The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer Based on Catford's Translation Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱玲

    2015-01-01

    悉达多·穆克吉(Siddhartha Mukherjee)的著作《百病之王:癌症自传》(The Emperor of All Maladies:A Biography of Cancer)的部分章节,笔者深切体会到,在最大限度传递原文信息的同时,还要保证译文通顺流畅、符合目标语读者的语言规范是非常难得的.文章采用翻译实践项目《百病之王:癌症自传》的英汉文本为分析材料,依据卡特福德的翻译转换理论为指导,从英语和汉语在词汇运用、句法结构、表达方式等方面的巨大差异出发,拟对译文在词汇、句法、语法等层面发生的层次转换、结构转换、类别转换和单位转换现象进行探讨.

  8. 北宋蜀人冯山家世行年及《安岳集》版本考并补冯山佚诗%A Research on Feng Shan’ s Family, Biography,Version of Anyue Poetry and One Uncollected Poem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清华

    2014-01-01

    冯山,北宋中期蜀中诗人,颇有盛名。其家世个人资料匮乏,今无系统研究。根据古籍相关记载,对其家世谱系略作整理,编次其个人行年及其创作,试图系统地研究冯山。对《安岳集》的版本作详细地考证论述,以期对四川文学研究略有补益。又据《永乐大典》补冯山《黄沙村》七律一首。%Feng Shan was a famous poet in Sichuan in the Song Dynasty. Because of the deficiency of historical re-cords, there is not a systematic study of him. According to the records of ancient books, the essay mainly gives a systematically textual research on Feng Shan,such as his family and biography,the version of Anyue Poetry,hoping to be of help for the literature study in Sichuan. Besides,the outhor finds one of Feng Shan’ poems uncollected in other existing books from The Yongle Canon.

  9. On"One-heart and Two-door Says"of"The Mahayana-scraddhotpad-sastra" from the Perspective of "The Biog-raphy of Lady Li"%由《李娃传》看《大乘起信论》的“一心二门说”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽娜

    2013-01-01

    "The Mahayana-scraddhotpad-sastra" is a Buddhist classics. It uses "one-heart" and “really-door and mur-dered-door”to build "one-heart open two-door" doctrine. This theory says certainly there is a factor of good governance in the heart of people, even being blinded, but as long as the painstak-ing pursuit, it will reach the realm of sublimation."The Biography of Lady Li" which is the famous legends in the Tang dynasty through an initiative girl from evil to wake up to bear out this view to a certain degree.%《大乘起信论》是佛教的经典著作,它以“一心”和“真如门”“生灭门”为支架,构筑了“一心开二门”学说,这个理论肯定了人在本真中存在着善的因子,即使被后天蒙蔽,但只要潜心追求,就会达到升华的境界。唐代著名传奇《李娃传》通过一个倡女从有心为恶到醒悟弥补最终得到善果的经历,从一定程度上印证了这个观点。

  10. 从落第士子到人世贤杰——论《柳毅传》中古代士子的人格修习%From Poor Scholars to Great Thinkers——on the Personality Cultivation of Scholars in Old Times from Biography of Liu Yi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何素平

    2015-01-01

    儒家文化是中国传统文化的主体 ,儒家理想人格是古代士人自我人格修习的准则 ,也是中国古代正面文学典型的人格形态.唐传奇《柳毅传》中以柳毅为代表的艺术形象 ,即是儒家"仁义礼智信""五常之道"人格理想的人生实践.%The Confucian culture is the main body of Chinese traditional culture and Confucian ideal personality is the criterion of ancient scholar's self -personality practice ,which is also the typical per-sonality in Chinese positive literature in ancient times.In Tang Chuan-qi's Biography of Liu Yi ,Liu Yi is the representative art figure ,that is ,Confucian ideal life practice——Benevolence ,Justice ,Cour-tesy ,Wisdom and Faith.

  11. View of Sima Qian' s Profound Criticism of Dark Feudal Regime Tyranny from Biography of Marquis Wei Qi and Wu An in Historical Records%司马迁对封建黑暗专制制度的批判——解读《史记·魏其武安侯列传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周虹云

    2011-01-01

    Biography of marquis Wei Qi and Wu An in Historical Records is a famous works about dark feudal regime tyranny of the Western Han Dynasty, written by Sima Qian. This book exposed the darkness of feudal regime tyranny and the brutal essence of ruling class by Wai Wei' s despicable acts, feudal aristocracy' s power struggles, bureaucratic snobbish, inconstancy of human and so on. It expressed Sima Qian' s profound criticism of reality.%《史记·魏其武安侯列传》是揭露西汉黑暗的封建专制制度的力作,司马迁从外戚的卑劣行径,封建贵族之间的争权夺利以及当时官场的势利、世态炎凉等不同侧面,有力揭示了封建专制制度的黑暗和统治阶级残酷暴虐的本质,表达了司马迁对现实的深刻批判。

  12. Two Questions in The Biography of Marquis Huaiyin of Historical Records and Discussion on Annotations of Selected Readings of Chinese History%《史记·淮阴侯列传》考释两则--以《中国历史文选》注释商榷为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔建华

    2014-01-01

    《史记·淮阴侯列传》中韩信“禽夏说阏与”,刘乃和主编《中国历史文选》认为夏说是“赵王歇属官”,阏与指的是阏氏侯冯解敢。其说不确。夏说应为代王陈余属官,阏与、阏氏对应不同的地域,不应混为一谈。%The Biography of Marquis Huaiyin of Historical Records has the sentence“Qin Xiayue Yanyu”, and the sentence in Selected Readings of Chinese History chiefly edited by Liu Nai is considered Xiayue as the subordinate of the king of Zhao, and even Yanyu as Feng Jie-gan with the title of Marquis Yanshi. These opinions are not correct. Xiayue should be the king of Dai Chenyu’ s subordinate, and Yanyu and Yanshi are different locations, hence, those should not be confused.

  13. Brasileiros ilustres no tribunal da posteridade: biografia, memória e experiência da história no Brasil oitocentista Illustrious Brazilians in the tribunal of posterity: biography, memory and history experience in the 19th century Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Glória de Oliveira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a escrita de biografias como tarefa integrante do projeto historiográfico do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro ao longo do século XIX, com base nos discursos de Joaquim Manoel de Macedo e nos estudos biográficos de Joaquim Caetano Fernandes Pinheiro. Para os sócios da agremiação, a biografia deveria cumprir os propósitos de fixação da memória dos brasileiros ilustres, compartilhando com a escrita histórica das ambições de verdade e imparcialidade na representação do passado. Por outro lado, a evocação reiterada de um "tribunal da posteridade", em nome do qual se justificavam o trabalho de memória e a escrita biográfica, vinculava-se à experiência da história como foro de justiça e moralidade.The article analyses biographic writings as a task of the Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro historiographical project in the 19th century Brazil, based on Joaquim Manoel de Macedo’s speeches and Joaquim Caetano Fernandes Pinheiro’s biographic studies. According to them, biography served to reinforce the memory of illustrious Brazilians by sharing ambitions of truth and impartiality on past representation with historic writings. Otherwise, the evocation of a "tribunal of posterity", justifying the work of memory and the biographic writing, was bonded with history experience as a force of justice and morality.

  14. 重构“知识”主题--埃柯历史编纂元小说对史传文学的“摹拟”%Reconstruction of Knowledge-The Mimicking Historical Biography of Eco’s Historiography Meta-fiction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璐

    2015-01-01

    现代主义拒斥宏大历史和宏大叙事,但是埃柯的历史编纂元小说却重拾过去成为历史的能力,为了道德目标而重新建立起寓言性的伟大故事。埃柯的小说《玫瑰的名字》、《傅科摆》和《昨日之岛》分别探讨了“禁锢”的知识、“穿凿”的知识以及“滥用”的知识,在这些小说中,埃柯通过对史传文学的“摹拟”,揭露了知识话语对历史文本的权力摄控。在拒绝深度的后现代,埃柯通过其小说创作重新发现了过去对现在、对未来的意义,并将其深刻的思考寄寓其中。%Postmodernism rejects grand history and grand narrative, but Eco’s historiography meta-fiction has regained the ability to make the past become history, in order to re-establish the great moral goal. Eco’s novel Name of the Rose, Foucault pendulum and Yesterday’s Island discussed the locking of knowledge, the far-fetched knowledge, and the abuse of knowledge. In the novels, by mimicking historical biography, Eco revealed knowledge discourse controls the history texts. Postmodern times refusing depth, but these novels rediscovered the past right now and put the profound thought in them.

  15. Gao Gong "Retaliation" Question Discrimination——Since by Wang Shizhen "Jiajing auxiliary biography Gao Gong Biography" is a center%丑诋与厚诬:高拱“报复”问题辨析——以王世贞《嘉靖以来首辅传·高拱传》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳天雷

    2011-01-01

    明代嘉、隆时期政治家和改革家高拱的"报复"问题,可谓由来已久。追根溯源,这一问题盖出自王世贞《嘉靖以来首辅传》之《高拱传》。该传作为高拱逝世后最早的一篇传记,多半篇幅叙述他倾轧同僚,报复朝官,排斥异己,贪赃纳贿等,从而使高拱背负"报复"恶名,并对其后史家修撰的多篇《高拱传》及其现今史学界也产生了严重负面影响。澄清这一问题,对如实评价高拱的政治品格和道德操守具有重要意义。%The Ming Dynasty statesman and the reformer Gao Gong "the retaliation" the question,as if has become the conclusion in the history educational world,however this does not tally with the historical fact.Gets to the bottom,since this question has stemmed from Wang Shizhen most early "Jiajing an Auxiliary Biography""Gao Gong Biography".Not only,therefore should the biography cause Gao Gong to shoulder repairs resentful,nurses a grudge "the retaliation" the evil reputation,moreover many which composes to the Ming and Qing Dynasties historian "Gao Gong Biography" and the nowadays history educational world has had the serious negative influence.Discriminates this question,is helpful in makes to Gao Gong political moral character and the moral personal integrity conforms to the historical evidence appraisal.

  16. 对《东方的拿破仑--马占山将军传》的批判性翻译与考证%Eastern Napoleon-General Ma Zhanshan---A Critical Translation and Study of The Biography of Eastern Napoleon-General Ma Zhanshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    日本作家立花丈平的著作———『東洋のナポレオン馬占山将軍伝』从一个日本人的视角勾勒出了不顾蒋介石的不抵抗主义政策而进行武装抗日的马占山将军的传奇人生。立花丈平力求客观地把握马占山所处的历史环境、力求客观地评价马占山的所作所为,但还是出现了由于意识形态的不同而产生的一些偏见,在事件、时间、地点、人物、称谓等的记述上也存在与史实不符的误区和文字材料上的遗漏等问题。本文就立花丈平的这一著作中存在的问题逐一进行考证。%The Biography of Eastern Napoleon—General Ma Zhanshan by the Japanese writer Tachibana Johei depicts the legendary life of a righteous patriotic general,Ma Zhanshan, who determinedly fought the Japanese Army regardless of Chiang Kai Shek’s Non-resistance Policy in the certain historical context. Tachibana attempts to give an objective evaluation of Ma and his deeds in the special historic circumstance,but there appears some prejudice as well as some disagreement with the historic facts in event,time,place,character and title due to the differences in ideology. This pa-per tries to trace and rectify the errors in his book.

  17. Cet article vise à aborder la relation biographique comme rémunération d’une « injustice » commise à l’égard de l’écrivain biographié ou de son entourage. À travers l’analyse de trois exemples d’écrits biographiques — Alabama Song de Gilles Leroy sur Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur de Karin Reschke sur Henriette Vogel et Le médecin de Lord Byron de Paul West sur John Polidori — où il s’agit de réparer un oubli non mérité, une occultation volontaire ou encore une méprise fondamentale, je tenterai de cerner les enjeux d’une entreprise qui, à distance, vise à réhabiliter des figures historiques tout autant qu’à s’inscrire en faux contre les forces qui les marginalisent, notamment au sein des biographies des « héros » de l’histoire littéraire. This paper endeavours to consider the relationship between the biographer and the writer-biographee as a form of reparation for an injustice committed toward the latter and his/her entourage. I will examine three examples of biographical works—Alabama Song by Gilles Leroy on Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur by Karin Reschke on Henriette Vogel and Lord Byron’s Doctor by Paul West on John Polidori—in which the aim is to redress an undeservedly overlooked detail, an intentional oversight or a fundamentally mistaken assessment of the subject. In so doing, I will attempt to delimit the challenges of the biographical endeavour that seeks, from a distance, to rehabilitate historical figures as much as to denounce the forces that have marginalised them, in particular in the biographies of the so-called “heroes” of literary history.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Dion

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article vise à aborder la relation biographique comme rémunération d’une « injustice » commise à l’égard de l’écrivain biographié ou de son entourage. À travers l’analyse de trois exemples d’écrits biographiques — Alabama Song de Gilles Leroy sur Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur de Karin Reschke sur Henriette Vogel et Le médecin de Lord Byron de Paul West sur John Polidori — où il s’agit de réparer un oubli non mérité, une occultation volontaire ou encore une méprise fondamentale, je tenterai de cerner les enjeux d’une entreprise qui, à distance, vise à réhabiliter des figures historiques tout autant qu’à s’inscrire en faux contre les forces qui les marginalisent, notamment au sein des biographies des « héros » de l’histoire littéraire. This paper endeavours to consider the relationship between the biographer and the writer-biographee as a form of reparation for an injustice committed toward the latter and his/her entourage. I will examine three examples of biographical works—Alabama Song by Gilles Leroy on Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur by Karin Reschke on Henriette Vogel and Lord Byron’s Doctor by Paul West on John Polidori—in which the aim is to redress an undeservedly overlooked detail, an intentional oversight or a fundamentally mistaken assessment of the subject. In so doing, I will attempt to delimit the challenges of the biographical endeavour that seeks, from a distance, to rehabilitate historical figures as much as to denounce the forces that have marginalised them, in particular in the biographies of the so-called “heroes” of literary history.

  18. Implicaciones del VIH/SIDA en la biografía de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la Ciudad de México Implications of AIDS on the biography of men with homoerotics practices in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Gallego-Montes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar los cambios en la configuración biográfica de un conjunto de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la era del sida. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se aplicó una encuesta retrospectiva durante el primer semestre de 2006 a una muestra intencional de 250 varones en la Ciudad de México. Con ellos fue posible reconstruir 633 historias de pareja ocurridas en diferentes momentos del tiempo. Por otro lado, tomando como base el comportamiento epidemiológico del VIH/SIDA en México, se construyeron tres cohortes de emparejamiento: "antes del sida" 1970-1984; 1985-1995 o periodo de "crecimiento exponencial" y 1996-2005 o de "estabilización" de la epidemia. RESULTADOS: Durante el periodo en estudio se encontró una menor exclusividad sexual y una menor duración en las relaciones de pareja, entre cohortes de emparejamientos. Este proceso ha sido documentado en otros lugares y se le ha llamado de "distensión sexual". CONCLUSIONES: El estudio aporta elementos para una historia social de la epidemia y el mejoramiento de políticas públicas de prevención en torno al VIH/SIDA.OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in the biography of men with homoerotic practices in the times of AIDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective (biographical survey was administered during the first semester of 2006 to 250 gay/homosexual men in Mexico City. Based on this survey, 633 couple stories, taking place in different time periods, were reconstructed. In addition, taking into account the epidemiologic behavior of HIV-AIDS in Mexico, three couple cohorts were defined as: "before AIDS" 1970-1984; period of "exponential growth" 1985-1995; and "stabilization period" 1996-2005. The 633 stories are distributed along these time-frames, taking the starting date of each relationship as the criterion. RESULTS: During the period of this study, less sexual exclusivity and shorter duration of sexual relationships were found among couple cohorts. The latter process has been

  19. Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921-) Biography

    OpenAIRE

    K. Fatih YAVUZ; M. Hakan TÜRKÇAPAR

    2012-01-01

    he American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the ...

  20. William W. Momyer: A Biography of an Airpower Mind

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    On Friday, September 23, 1955, forty-four F-86’s took to the skies over Clovis in a salute to the wing’s new commander.3 The display of combat...No. 0466098, AFHRA. 3 “Will Fly Salute to Col. Momyer,” Clovis News-Journal, September 22, 1955. 4 Robert S. Norris, Thomas B. Cochran, and William... Clovis initially scoffed and cursed 14 Major General James H. Watkins Oral History, 27 – 28 November

  1. Finnish Police Chiefs' Professional Identity and Work Biographies

    OpenAIRE

    Vanhala, Anna

    2007-01-01

    Endast avhandlingens sammandrag. Pappersexemplaret av hela avhandlingen finns för lÀsesalsbruk i Statsvetenskapliga biblioteket (Unionsgatan 35). Dessa avhandlingar fjÀrrutlånas endast som microfiche. Abstract only. The paper copy of the whole thesis is available for reading room use at the Library of Social Sciences (Unioninkatu 35) . Microfiche copies of these theses are available for interlibrary loans. Vain tiivistelmÀ. OpinnÀytteiden sidotut arkistokappaleet ovat luettavissa ...

  2. [Jewish urologists in Nazi Germany--five biographies from Leipzig].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellmann, Julia

    2012-09-01

    Before the Nazis seized power in 1933, five Jewish urologists practiced in the city of Leipzig: Hans Abelsohn, Felix Salo Danziger, Hans Hirschel Tobias Goldmann, Manfred Moses Haas und Siegmund Kaiser. This contribution traces their lifes and careers. One of them was murdered at the Auschwitz concentration camp and 4 immigrated to the United States, Canada, Israel und Great Britain.

  3. Becoming Intimate with Developmental Knowledge: Pedagogical Explorations with Collective Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica; Kummen, Kathleen; Thompson, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we draw on postfoundational frameworks to make visible the subjectification processes by which practitioners simultaneously master and become mastered by developmental theories. We emphasize the implication of the entire minded-body in the processes of the developmental worker formation. We show these processes through empirical…

  4. Biography of Colonel Stefan Iliev (1930 [In Bulgarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kozhuharova

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Colonel Stefan Iliev, a commander of the 15th Infantry Lom regiment (Belogradchik, is a Bulgarian hero, killed in the battlefield at Chervenata stena, near Bitola, on 26 March 1917. Here is the journal version of a very rare book, published in the printing house of Stamen Kamenov in Belogradchik in 1930. On the cover of the book an author is not given - it is an edition of the Belogradchik Society of the Reserve Non-Commissioned Officers. All details of the military career of this brave Bulgarian soldier are described. The book exists in two editions.

  5. Biography, history and the Indonesian novel : Reading Salah Asuhan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Foulcher

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The novel Salah Asuhan (Wrong Upbringing, written by the Indonesian nationalist politician and journalist Abdoel Moeis, has long held an honoured place in the modern Indonesian literary canon. It was originally published in 1928 by Balai Poestaka, the Netherlands Indies government printing house, and by 1995 it had been reprinted twenty-three times. In summary form, it has been studied by generations of Indonesian schoolchildren, and in 1972 it was adapted by Asrul Sani as a successful feature film. Critics and historians of modern Indonesian literature have always regarded Salah Asuhan as a literary milestone. It is admired for the maturity of its author’s literary imagination, as well as the modernity of its language and style. In linguistic terms, it is seen as one of the pioneering literary expressions of the language which was designated as Bahasa Indonesia in the very year of the novel’s publication. It exercises an additional fascination for literary critics and historians because of the circumstances of its publication. The form in which it was originally written is now unknown, for the novel was only published after a lengthy delay and a series of revisions which the author made to the text after seeing his manuscript languish for more than a year under the scrutiny of Balai Poestaka’s editors. As a result, the original conception of Salah Asuhan remains a mystery. Indeed, it is one of the greatest puzzles in a literary history that is so full of documentary lacunae that its serious study remains a source of ongoing challenge and frustration.

  6. Narcissistic biographies--third age self-transcendence abilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nirestean, Aurel; Lukacs, Emese; Cimpan, Dana; Nirestean, Tudor

    2014-02-01

    Narcissistic traits interfere in the process of self-determination and the individual motivational strategies of human beings. The grandiose and vulnerable narcissistic personality subtypes have difficulties in their education, interpersonal relationships and quality of life. The latter is also affected by ageing, whose attributes influence, above all, one's self-esteem, especially in women. Though very fearful of suffering and death, narcissists have a powerful desire to overcome them by cultivating their grandiosity, especially through the mystical and paranormal experiences they relate. The spiritual means of transcending one's self, including the components of magical thinking, can prevent the destruction of self-esteem in narcissists in their third-age.

  7. Biography and Role Playing: Fostering Empathy in Abnormal Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poorman, Paula B.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses a means for increasing undergraduate and graduate students' level of empathy. Assigned students to write about and role play a character that they create who suffers from a psychological disorder. Explains that after quantitative and qualitative analyses it was demonstrated that students' empathy increased. (CMK)

  8. The possibilities and limitation of transcultural biography work: Lithuanian case

    OpenAIRE

    Zemaitaityte I.; Mikulioniene S.; Dromantiene L.

    2014-01-01

    Lithuania, as well as other contemporary societies, is undergoing the times full of new technological, political, economic, social and scientific changes. In the changing society, adult education has helps a person to develop his and her cultural interests, creative powers, skills and acquire theoretical knowledge necessary for person's professional activity, enables a person to upgrade his or her current qualification and helps to become an active citizen of a democratic society (Zemaitaityt...

  9. Biography: Dr Iain Frame, director of research, prostate cancer UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frame, Iain; Maprayil, Sophia

    2014-11-01

    Sophia Maprayil, Commissioning Editor for Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy, talks to Dr Iain Frame, Director of Research for Prostate Cancer UK. Iain is Prostate Cancer UK's first Director of Research, responsible for overseeing the development and implementation of the charity's ambitious new research strategy. He joined Prostate Cancer UK in 2012 from Diabetes UK where he held the post of Research Director for 5 years. Since joining Prostate Cancer UK in 2012 Iain has overseen a dramatic increase in the charity's research spend, from 2 million a year, to 7.5 million a year. Previously Iain worked in research management at the Wellcome Trust and before that as a parasitologist and researcher exploring various aspects of molecular biology of a number of different parasites.

  10. A Brief Biography of Prof. Yun-chang Wang (1906-)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHUANG Jian-yun; WEI Shu-xia; 宋银秋

    2006-01-01

    @@ Yun-chang Wang, a Chinese mycologist and pathologist, was born in Neihuang county of Henan province. After his graduation from Agricultural College of Peiping University, he became an assistant researcher in Botany Institute of Peiping Institute.

  11. Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921- Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Fatih Yavuz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available he American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.

  12. Biography of Akira Tonomura (April 1942 - May 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osakabe, Nobuyuki

    2014-01-01

    Akira Tonomura was born on 25 April 1942 in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. He graduated from the Department of Physics in the University of Tokyo in 1965 and immediately joined the Central Research Laboratory of Hitachi, Ltd. Tonomura was motivated to join the lab because of Hiroshi Watanabe,1 who, with a single electron micrograph, proved the Bohm-Pines plasma oscillation theory2 by using electron energy-loss spectroscopy. On the recommendation of Watanabe, Tonomura pursued research with electron beams to achieve holography, invented by Dennis Gabor3 in 1948. Tonomura frequently communicated with Gabor, who encouraged him to realize aberration correction using electron holography, something that Gabor himself wanted to do, but he lacked a coherent electron source when he was doing his own research...

  13. The Biography of Doctor Charles Laugier (1875-1830).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinu, Elena Steluţa

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the life and works of the famous doctor, hygienist, folklore researcher and sanitary mentor, Charles Laugier, whose contribution to the development of the medical system of Oltenia marked the beginning of the 20th century. He is noted for his research in hygiene, in the treatment of some diseases like: tuberculosis, malaria, pellagra, and also as the founder of numerous societies which contributed to the cultural and scientific development of the region of Oltenia and even of its small localities.

  14. Defining moments : a cultural biography of Jane Eyre

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    This thesis examines the ways in which various practices, such as novel-writing, publishing, book-reviewing, reading for pleasure, adaptation and studying English literature, have produced Jane Eyre’s complex cultural profile. The organizing principle of the study is Paul du Gay, Stuart Hall et al’s ‘circuit of culture’, which identifies five key processes or ‘moments’ as being productive of the meanings that a cultural artefact or text comes to possess. Explaining the meanings which have bee...

  15. Professor Borje Kullenberg (1906-1991): Biography and bibliography

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sengupta, R.; Eriksson, G.

    &we, 133:3349 (1934) 29 (with Hans Pettersson). Zum Starkeffekt in Helium. Zeitschriftfir Physik, 90:9/10 (1934) 567-575. 1935 Interne Wellen im Kattegat. Svenska Hydrografisk-Biologiska Kommissionens skrifter. Ny serie: Hydrografi XII. Giiteborg, 1935...

  16. Biography of louis braille and invention of the braille alphabet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Javier; Olea, Jesús; Torres, Jesús; Alonso, Inmaculada; Harder, Dirk; Fischer, Konstanze

    2009-01-01

    Louis Braille (1809-1852) was born in France. At the age of three, he wounded his right eye with a cobbler's tool while playing in his father's workshop. No medical knowledge could save his eyesight at that time. Louis's left eye became inflamed, apparently due to subsequent sympathetic ophthalmia, and he eventually lost the sight in that eye. At the age of five, Louis Braille was completely blind. He is considered to be the inventor of a writing system by touch that bears his name, the Braille system. This revolutionary system has allowed blind people to access written culture, and it can therefore be considered a major advance in the quality of life for the blind. The immediate precursor of the invention of the Braille system was the alphabet created by Charles Barbier de la Serre (1767-1841) who created a language by touch designed for military and secret use. Louis Braille modified this alphabet into the Braille alphabet, which is practically the same one that is currently used. It required time to be recognized and to be implemented as a reading and writing method for blind people throughout the world. In 1950, UNESCO effectively universalized the Braille alphabet, and in 2005 it recognized Braille system as a "vital language of communication, as legitimate as all other languages in the world."

  17. [Biography of the outstanding acupuncturist DU Xiao-shan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Min; Lu, Rui-Qin; Du, Liang-Dong; Cao, Li; Lin, Tian-Yun

    2012-09-01

    Professor DU Xiao-shan 's academic thought and clinical experiences was introduced in this paper. He has noble medical ethics and is fair to the patients without distinction. He has great learning and rich practical experiences, and he specializes in all kinds of common diseases as well as many difficult and complicated cases. He never stops studying the ancients to make innovation and he creates the technique of the quick-puncture and slow-twist and DU's heat-reinforce method. He teaches to carry forward acupuncture and moxibustion and his achievements have become an important part of acupuncture and moxibustion science.

  18. "The Gaze Heuristic:" Biography of an Adaptively Rational Decision Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamlin, Robert P

    2017-02-21

    This article is a case study that describes the natural and human history of the gaze heuristic. The gaze heuristic is an interception heuristic that utilizes a single input (deviation from a constant angle of approach) repeatedly as a task is performed. Its architecture, advantages, and limitations are described in detail. A history of the gaze heuristic is then presented. In natural history, the gaze heuristic is the only known technique used by predators to intercept prey. In human history the gaze heuristic was discovered accidentally by Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter command just prior to World War II. As it was never discovered by the Luftwaffe, the technique conferred a decisive advantage upon the RAF throughout the war. After the end of the war in America, German technology was combined with the British heuristic to create the Sidewinder AIM9 missile, the most successful autonomous weapon ever built. There are no plans to withdraw it or replace its guiding gaze heuristic. The case study demonstrates that the gaze heuristic is a specific heuristic type that takes a single best input at the best time (take the best(2) ). Its use is an adaptively rational response to specific, rapidly evolving decision environments that has allowed those animals/humans/machines who use it to survive, prosper, and multiply relative to those who do not.

  19. SHADES OF VENICE IN THE BIOGRAPHY OF HEGUMEN PALLADY ROGOVSKY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex YASTREBOV

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Pallady Rogovsky was the fi rst Russian doctor of theology and philosophy. While a student of the Slavyano-Greek-Latin Academy directed by the Brothers Lichudes, he left his homeland for the West in order to obtain a full university education. The years which he spent in Europe and particularly in Italy have attracted little notice on the part of Church historians. The study of unpublished materials in Italian archives together with those already published by the Russian researcher E. Shmurlo from the archive of the Propaganda de Fide and the Greek College, which however, remain unnoticed for the great majority of academics, permit us to have an idea of what occupied Rogovsky during this time, as well as to draw a more precise portrait of his personality. Most remarkable is the fact of his priestly ordination in the Roman Catholic Church and the correspondence relating to Rome’s acceptance of his Russian Orthodox diaconal ordination. One of the most informative documents found among those relating to his ordination and addressed to the Roman Curia is the letter of a Russian Catholic, the deacon (later defrocked Petr Artem’ev, in which Artem’ev revealed that Rogovsky already had converted to Roman Catholicism before he left Russia. Equally noteworthy is Rogovsky’s own letter which he composed while in Venice and in which he formulated his plans for the propagation of Roman Catholicism in Russia.

  20. Interpreting Biography in the History of Education: Past and Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jane

    2012-01-01

    At the time I began work in university, I entered a world which was leisured, privileged and patriarchal, in the United Kingdom at least...I came from a world in which only 3% of the population aspired to university. I belonged to a world in which, having got where I was through the eleven-plus and "A" levels, there was almost a sense…

  1. Biography of Are Tsirk (1937-2015: Flintknapper and scholar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Adams

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Are Tsirk was as much a scholar as he was a flintknapper. These disciplines were intertwined and expressed in his experimental research, by way of his exploration of fractography, and his replication of stone tools which spanned the archaeological record of several continents.

  2. Constructing and Engaging Biography: Considerations for High School English Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmondson, Jacqueline

    2012-01-01

    In contemporary contexts, young people are accustomed to life story; indeed, their lives are saturated with constructions of their stories and those of others, whether created by themselves or their "friends" on social networks. Multimedia outlets convey often detailed stories of more-famous others, whether celebrities or those experiencing…

  3. $\\pi$ a biography of the world's most mysterious number

    CERN Document Server

    Posamentier, Alfred S

    2004-01-01

    This enlightening and stimulating approach to mathematics will entertain lay readers while improving their mathematical literacy. We all learned that the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter is called pi and that the value of this algebraic symbol is roughly 3.14. What we weren't told, though, is that behind this seemingly mundane fact is a world of mystery, which has fascinated mathematicians from ancient times to the present. Simply put, pi is weird. Mathematicians call it a "transcendental number" because its value cannot be calculated by any combination of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and square root extraction. This elusive nature has led intrepid investigators over the years to attempt ever-closer approximations. In 2002, a Japanese professor using a supercomputer calculated the value to 1.24 trillion decimal places! Nonetheless, in this huge string of decimals there is no periodic repetition. In this delightful layperson's introduction to one of math's most interes...

  4. [Pathography and biography of the Empress Maria Theresa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habek, D; Masić, I

    2001-01-01

    The empress and queen Maria Theresa Habsburg-Lorraine (May 13th, 1917-November 29th, 1780) bore sixteen children in the marriage with the emperor Franz I Stepha and was famous as "mother-in-law of Europe". Her brother Leopold died immediately after he was born, her sister Amalia died in the cradle and Maria Ana died of perinatal complications at the birth of a dead infant in 1744. The famous hereditary facial dysmorphia of the "Hasburg jawe" wasn't noticed in Maria Theresa's surviving children. In October of 1738, after giving birth to her daughter Ana, a manual lysis of the placenta was performed due to the retained placenta and postpartal bleeding. In 1741 her daughter Carolina died, and in 1767 her daughter Josepha died of small pox. Her daughter Elizabeth remained deformed by the pock marks, and Maria Christina got a puerperal sepsis, but surprisingly, didn't die. Maria Antoinette ended under a guillotine in France, along with her husband Luis XVI. Maria Theresa's father, Karl VI died of the cholecystopankreatitis and peritonitis, and her husband and co-ruler most probably died of acute coronary incident in August 18th, 1765. After her husband's death she started suffering from depression with steady necrophile obsessions. Maria Theresa suffered from a chronical obstructional pulmonary disease (asthma), rehumatic syndromes, hypertension and anxiodepressive syndromes. In 1767 she had small pox. In November 11th 1780 she caught a cold which grew into a pneumonia with high fever. She died of cardiopulmonal dedompensation preceded by pneumonia and asthma.

  5. [Freud, the biography, his autobiography and his biographers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Mijolla, A

    1993-01-01

    Freud has a dual attitude to the biographical genre. When he places himself in the position of psychoanalyst-biographer of others, he is enthusiastic, speaking of ground to be conquered for psychoanalysis, and his works, as well as his correspondence, show that he continued to devote himself to investigations which resulted in interpretations of a number of personalities, the most detailed of which dealt with Leonardo de Vinci, Goethe, Dostoyevsky, President Wilson, and Moses. On the other hand, even though during the first years of the discovery of psychoanalysis he allowed himself, in a more or less veiled manner, confidences of an autobiographical nature, Freud remained very secretive about himself. He limited himself to making public only the routine information found on his university resume or the details of his life directly related to the discovery and the development of psychoanalysis. Hidden behind die Sache, the Cause, the man always vigorously defended himself against those who, braving the periodical destruction to which he subjected his archives, claimed to apply to him this "investigative drive" whose heuristic richness he otherwise celebrated. It is by means of fantasies of identification to the work, present in every biographical attempt, that we attempt to address here the contradictions of this dual attitude.

  6. Life History Approach: Biographies and psycho-societal Interpretation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2016-01-01

    -societal approach indicates the ambition of attacking the dichotomy of the social and the psychic, both in the interpretation procedure and in some main theoretical understandings of language, body and mind. My article will present the reflections on the use of life history based methodology in learning...... in intended as well as unintended learning, in formal education as well as in everyday life. Life histories represent lived lives past, present and anticipated future. As such they are interpretations of individuals’ experiences of the way in which societal dynamics take place in the individual body and mind......, either by the individual him/herself or by another biographer. The Life History approach was developing from interpreting autobiographical and later certain other forms of language interactive material as moments of life history, i.e. it is basically a hermeneutic approach. Talking about a psycho...

  7. Physics 1922 - 1941 including presentation speeches and laureates' biographies

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Yong

    1965-01-01

    Physics presents Nobel Lectures on physics from the period of 1922 to 1941. This book is organized into 18 parts encompassing 36 chapters that cover various Nobel physics subjects. The first parts explore the advances in understanding the atom structure, experimental studies of electrons, X-ray spectra of the atomic structure, kinetic energy of free electrons, and discontinuous structure of matter. These topics are followed by discussions on the laws governing the thermionic phenomena, wave nature of electron, light molecular scattering, the development of quantum mechanics, properties of neut

  8. Physics 1942 - 1962 including presentation speeches and laureates' biographies

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Yong

    1964-01-01

    Physics 1942 - 1962 presents Nobel Lectures on physics from 1942 to 1962. This book is 20 chapters that cover various Nobel physics subjects. The opening chapters deal with the topics of molecular ray methods, exclusion principle, quantum mechanics, the ionosphere, development of the Meson theory, interaction between high-speed nucleons and atomic nuclei, and the artificial production of fast particles. Other chapters discuss the principle of nuclear induction, research in nuclear magnetism, the discovery of phase contrast, statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics, the hydrogen atom

  9. Biography of Mădhavakara: his scholarly contribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhose, Varanasi; Srinivas, Pitta; Narayana, Ala

    2005-01-01

    Mădhavakara, the author of renowned work on 'Nidăna-Rŏgaviniścaya', popularly known as Mădhava Nidăna. It may be the first or earliest compendium detailed description of the diseases based on Nidăna Pancăkam (Five groups of subjects concerned to aetio-pathogenesis). He was the son of Indukara according to the colophon of a manuscript of Văcaspati's commentary on Mădhava Nidăna. He is probably lived between 700-800 A.D., because he is quoted by Vrnda, who belongs to 8th century A.D. The book Mădhava Nidăna was translated in to Arabic as evidenced by the writings of Ali Ibn Sahl 849-850 A.D. and other Arabic authors. Hence, he probably lived between 700-800 A.D. Madhava Nidana is a popular work on Nidăna (aetiopathogenesis) and it is the best in the field of ayurvĕda. "Nidăne Mădhavam srestah" and it is popularly known by the name of the author, but the title of the work is "Rugviniscaya" or "Rŏgaviniscăya". The subject matter explained in 73 chapters. The 1st chapter deals with Nidănapancakam and the other chapter's deals with diseases. The major contribution of Mădhava is the new order of arranging diseases, description of new diseases and recognizing some disorders as independent diseases. The other works attributed to Mădhava are Mădhavacikitsă, Paryăyaratnamăla etc. The important commentaries on Madhavanidana are "Madhukŏśa" by Vijayarakşita and Srĭkaņţhadatta and "Atankadarpana" by Vidyavăcaspati. The work is translated into English, Italian, Hindi, Bengali, Telugu etc., including some regional languages of India.

  10. Biografia intelektualna Emila Ciorana (Emil Cioran's Intellectual Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Piechaczek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available On the formation of Cioran’s vision of the world and man, influenced largely his belonging to precisely this and no other nation. Romanian fatalism, inability to illusions, seeing the inevitable, the Romanian people’s faith in the fact that sin and creation are the same and constant accusations against this creation are the constitutiveelements of Cioran’s thought. Carrying the baggage of experiences of the nation thrown out of history and time, Cioran, as a Romanian emigrant in France, found the best model for his own writing in rhetorical and satirical tradition of the French moralists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, who were a combination of“lyrical sublimity and cynicism”, gentleness and hell. They showed him not only what is uncompromising in pursuing the motives of human action, looking at every thing from many different perspectives, or suspicion of any kind of doctrine, but they also became for him a model of style. Of all literary forms cultivated by moralists, Cioranappreciated most the fragment, that is to say a closed form, often paradoxical and witty that having nothing in common with the characteristic for large systems long strings of argument – that was a form of recording experience, and like this experience, assumed discontinuity. Being a spokesperson for the “philosophy of the onlymoments”, Cioran advocated not only against the system, but also against academic philosophy – grown with indifference, regardless of the state of mind, it seemed to him the result of reduction of vitality and a kind of escape into the impersonal world of unrest. State, which fully made Cioran realize the futility resorting to this kind of philosophy, was insomnia, from which the Romanian philosopher had suffered more or less since he was seventeen. According to the author of the Fall in the Time insomnia and boredom are the “minimum imbalance”, which we have to experience, when we want to get closer to some essential truths about man. However, the price that we pay for it, is to get overly heightened awareness and inability to re-engage in life. The “extreme sobriety of look” leads to skepticism, which in the twentieth century in the works of Romanian thinker has its most perfect expression.

  11. Radical Connections: A Journey through Social Histories, Biography and Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jane

    2010-01-01

    This lecture will revisit nineteenth and twentieth century education policy and politics in the light of the experiences and struggles of a (nowadays) virtually unknown educator activist. Beautiful, tireless, courageous and principled, socialist school teacher Mary Bridges Adams (1855-1939) gave up her life for the Cause. Encouraged by William…

  12. Teacher History: Student Historians, Faculty Biographies, and the "Alma Mater"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stofferahn, Steven A.

    2009-01-01

    When his department chair asked him a few years ago to take over as faculty advisor to their university's chapter of the Phi Alpha Theta history honor society, the author readily accepted. Not only would it provide a great opportunity to get to know some of their best students better, it would also help a junior faculty member like himself fulfill…

  13. Post scriptum to the biography of Monsieur Leborgne.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domanski, Cezary W

    2014-01-01

    In 1861, Paul Broca presented a case of a patient who had almost completely lost the ability of speech production. This patient is known as "Monsieur Leborgne" alias "Tan." In describing the history of his disease, Broca reported that Leborgne had spent a total of 21 years in hospitals. The article features new information on the history of Leborgne's hospitalization.

  14. Restabilizing attachment to cultural objects. Aesthetics, emotions and biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzecry, Claudio E

    2015-12-01

    The scholarship on aesthetics and materiality has studied how objects help shape identity, social action and subjectivity. Objects, as 'equipment[s] for living' (Luhmann 2000), become the 'obligatory passage points humans have to contend with in order to pursue their projects (Latour 1991). They provide patterns to which bodies can unconsciously latch onto, or help human agents work towards particular states of being (DeNora 2000, 2003). Objects are central in the long term process of taste construction, as any attachment to an object is made out of a delicate equilibrium of mediators, bodies, situations and techniques (Hennion and his collaborators (Hennion and Fouquet 2001; Hennion and Gomart 1999). In all of these accounts objects are the end result of long-term processes of stabilization, in which the actual material object (a musical piece, a sculpture, an art installation, a glass of wine, the oeuvre of Bach as we know it) is both a result and yet a key co-producer of its own generation. Whereas the literature has been generous and detailed in exploring the processes of assembling and sustaining object-centered attachments, it has not sufficiently engaged with what happens when the aesthetic elements of cultural artifacts that have produced emotional resonance are transformed: what do these artifacts morph into? What explains the transition (or not) of different cultural objects? And relatedly, what happens to the key aesthetic qualities that were so central to how the objects had been defined, and to those who have emotionally attached to them? To answer these questions, this article uses as exemplars two different cases of attachment, predicated on the distinctive features of a cultural object--the transcendence of opera and the authenticity of a soccer jersey--that have undergone transformations.

  15. Science and controversy a biography of Sir Norman Lockyer

    CERN Document Server

    Meadows, A

    2008-01-01

    Sir Norman Lockyer left Nature, the world''s leading scientific journal, as his lasting memorial. But his life, and controversial theories, are an important part of science history. His ideas were at the forefront of public debate, and ranged from brilliant to perverse. This entertaining book is a fascinating insight into his eventful life

  16. Learning in Life History - psycho-societal interpretation of biographies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2008-01-01

    Taking its point of departure from some critical remarks about some of the most important recent theorizing of learning, this article presents an alternative framework for theorizing learning as a subjective process in a social and societal context, based on life history research. The key concepts...

  17. Hans Woller, Mussolini. Der erste Faschist. Eine Biographie

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador, Alessandro

    2017-01-01

    La vita di Benito Mussolini, il fascismo e la Seconda guerra mondiale occupano una posizione ancora scomoda nella memoria storica italiana. È un po’ questo il pensiero dominante della biografia realizzata da Hans Woller. La stessa definizione di biografia, per questo volume, è decisamente riduttiva. Attraverso undici date e luoghi chiave della storia di Mussolini e del fascismo, Woller riesce in un’impresa non semplice: sintetizzare il più recente e completo stato della ricerca su quel period...

  18. Expanded abstracts with biographies of the 1991 technical program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-01-01

    This book covers proceedings of the 61st annual Society of Exploration Geologists meeting. Topics covered include: petroleum and natural gas well logging; field case histories; computers in exploration; physical modeling of reserves; seismic borehole imaging techniques; seismic technique for detecty lithology; and development and production geophysics.

  19. Computer Cache. Celebrating Women: History, Biographies, and Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byerly, Greg; Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column shares a host of websites that feature resources about women in history, famous women, and women's contributions. These websites can be used all year long, as well as in conjunction with Women's History Month in March,

  20. Situated Learning in Young Romanian Roma Successful Learning Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Nicolae; Stanciu, Dorin; Vanea, Cornelia; Sasu, Virginia Maria; Dragota, Maria

    2014-01-01

    European Roma are often associated with social problems and conflicts due to poverty and low formal education. Nevertheless, Roma communities traditionally develop expertise in ethnically specific domains, probably by alternative, informal ways, such as situated learning in communities of practice. Although predictable, empirical evidence of…

  1. Maya Angelou: More Than a Poet. African-American Biographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisandrelli, Elaine Silvinski

    This book explores the life of Maya Angelou, the author the autobiographical "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings." The book details her life from the beginning in Stamps, Arkansas, and relates how she has overcome many obstacles throughout her life to become the successful, educated woman she is today--author, political activist, actress,…

  2. Reviews Book: Marie Curie: A Biography Book: Fast Car Physics Book: Beautiful Invisible Equipment: Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Book: Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You Book: Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book: Seven Wonders of the Universe Book: Special Relativity Equipment: LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition Places to Visit: Edison and Ford Winter Estates Places to Visit: The Computer History Museum Web Watch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    WE RECOMMEND Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Fun fly stick introduces electrostatics to youngsters Special Relativity Text makes a useful addition to the study of relativity as an undergraduate LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition LabVIEW sets industry standard for gathering and analysing data, signal processing, instrumentation design and control, and automation and robotics Edison and Ford Winter Estates Thomas Edison's home is open to the public The Computer History Museum Take a walk through technology history at this computer museum WORTH A LOOK Fast Car Physics Book races through physics Beautiful Invisible The main subject of this book is theoretical physics Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You A guide to physics on the large and small scale Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book explores the mathematics behind chaotic behaviour Seven Wonders of the Universe A textual trip through the wonderful universe HANDLE WITH CARE Marie Curie: A Biography Book fails to capture Curie's science WEB WATCH Web clips to liven up science lessons

  3. Review of Ding Ling’s Biography Written by Li Xiangdong and Wang Zengru%“飞蛾扑火”者的精神雕像--评李向东、王增如的《丁玲传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈娇华

    2016-01-01

    李向东、王增如的《丁玲传》是最得丁玲神韵的一部传记,它精准地概括了丁玲孤傲、倔强和反抗的精神个性,并把这一精神个性特征贯穿到对其革命经历、文学创作及文坛交往等方面的阐述中。一方面,它细致地梳理和阐述了丁玲及其创作与革命的关系,以体现其精神个性,也呈现了20世纪中国革命与文学之间的错综复杂关系;另一方面,又通过对丁玲不同时期作品思想内蕴和人物精神的阐释,及对丁玲坚持不懈创作精神的发掘来体现其精神个性;同时,还从丁玲独特的精神个性角度及其所形成的对创作的执著精神和对革命的坚执信念等方面解读其与文坛的恩怨纠葛。而这些都是以一种质朴、平实和节制的写实风格呈现出来,这样一来,看似普通平实的传记书写实则蕴含着一种内在精神气韵,真正做到了深情而不纵情,平实而不平淡。%Ding Ling’s Biography written by Li Xiangdong and Wang Zengru expresses Ding Ling’s charm the most. It not only summarizes accurately Ding Ling’s solitary and proud, stubborn and rebellious spirit, but also impenetrate this spirit throughout her revolutionary experience, literary creation and contacting with others in the literary circle, and so on. On the one hand, it carefully combs and explains the relationship between Ding Ling and her creation and revolution and shows the complex relationship between Chinese revolution and literature in twentieth Century. And on the other hand, with the explanation of the ideological content and the spirit of the characters in Ding Ling’s works of different periods, and with the exploration of Ding Ling’s persistent spirit of writing, it shows Ding Ling’s spirit. Moreover, it also explains the feeling of gratitude or resentment in the literary circle from the perspective of Ding Ling’s unique spiritual personality which has formed her

  4. Faulkner: A Biography. By Joseph Blotner. New York: Random House, 1974. Faulkner: A Biography. By Joseph Blotner. New York: Random House, 1974.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eileen Klink

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Until the publication of The Sound and the Fury, October 7, 1929, William Faulkner knew more rejection than acceptance. Sartoris, published early the same year, had received mixed reviews, and Faulkner was "disappointed and discouraged by its reception" (Blotner: 236. However, The Sound and the Fury granted him his first taste of critical acclaim and international fame; he was heralded as a new Euripides, and his book was compared with Greek tragedy. Until the publication of The Sound and the Fury, October 7, 1929, William Faulkner knew more rejection than acceptance. Sartoris, published early the same year, had received mixed reviews, and Faulkner was "disappointed and discouraged by its reception" (Blotner: 236. However, The Sound and the Fury granted him his first taste of critical acclaim and international fame; he was heralded as a new Euripides, and his book was compared with Greek tragedy.

  5. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Varol

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : le récit de voyage, le récit exemplaire, le traité sur les us et coutumes, les mémoires romancées, les proverbes. On y trouve aussi des éléments très ottomans comme le journal personnel, tenant compte des menus faits, des dépenses et des rentrées, dont P. Dumont et F. Georgeon (1985 ont montré qu’il s’agissait d’une habitude ottomane bien utile comme source d’information historique. L’auteur se livre dans cette œuvre à une critique acerbe et comique des pesanteurs du système ottoman, qui font obstacle à toute initiative, mais il critique aussi les raideurs communautaires qui pèsent comme un carcan sur l’initiative personnelle, l’inadaptation des structures et, partant, l’inefficacité des stratégies mises en place pour survivre par les individus. Cependant, son œuvre révèle en creux une certaine nostalgie pour le monde disparu. On perçoit l’admiration du héros et son attachement à certaines valeurs de ce monde ancien, et l’on ne peut s’empêcher de lui donner raison lorsqu’on mesure ce que les communautés juives ont perdu avec la disparition de l’Empire ottoman.The fictionalized autobiography of Eliya Karmona How Eliya Karmona was born, how he grew up and how he became the director of Djugetón casts a critical eye on the tribulations of a young Jewish man in the last years of sultanate from 1884 to 1908. In sarcastic mode, with self-irony, he builds on his disappointments a picaresque novel which conforms to the law of the genre, but which has common features with other aspects of genres cultivated by Spanish Jews: accounts of travel, exemplary narratives, the treatise on the ways and customs, the fictionalized remembrances, the proverbs. Very Ottoman elements are also found there, like the private diary recounting minor deeds expenditure and receipts, which have shown concerned an Ottoman practice very useful as a source of historical information. The author has a sharp and comical critical view of gravity of the Ottoman system which obstructs every initiative, but he also criticizes the communal inflexibility which heavily constrains personal initiative, the inadaptability of the structures and consequently the ineffectiveness of the strategies put in place by individuals to survive. Nevertheless his work indirectly reveals a certain nostalgia for the vanished world. One perceives the hero’s admiration and his attachment to certain old world values, and one cannot refrain from admitting that he is correct when one measures what the Jewish communities have lost with the disappearance of the Ottoman empire.

  6. A note on source materials for the biographies of Southeast Asian `ulama

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    2007-01-01

    The study of the history of Islamic thought and the social organisation of learning in Southeast Asia is rendered more difficult by the dearth of easily accessible sources and the absence, until very recently, of biographical dictionaries of `ulamâ this region such as we have for most other parts of

  7. Writing Lives: The Development of Nurse Education by Using the Biographies of Older People

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Sion; Keady, John

    2004-01-01

    The development of gerontological nurse education in North Wales is an\\ud ongoing project and is mainly centred on partnership between the School of\\ud Nursing, University of Wales, Bangor and the three local NHS Trusts that\\ud cover a substantial, and largely rural, geographical area. The Health care and\\ud ageing module coursework focuses on a biographical approach to\\ud understanding ageing and chronicity, underpinned by an emic viewpoint.\\ud Following preparation by the primary lecturer (...

  8. Giulio Mongeri, an Architect Efficient in the Building of Capital City Ankara and his Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damla Çinici

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study is about Giulio Mongeri (1873 – 1951 who was the architect of Ottoman Bank (1926, Ziraat Bank (1926 – 1929, Monopolies Chief Directorate (1928 and Türkiye İş Bank (1929 buildings in Ankara in the first years of the Republic. Giulio Mongeri was one of the architects prominent in architectural activities both in the last years of Ottoman Empire and first years of the Republic and undertook an effective role in the architectural understanding of the next generation by raising the architects of the future as an instructor of the Academy of Fine Arts. In the study, it is aimed to gain especially the sketches and photos obtained from his diary and not published anywhere else to the scientific world as a new contribution to the knowledge in the available publications. Giulio Mongeri himself, his family and environs in which he was raised, his personality and attitude as a trainer have been appraised in the light of new information. The buildings of Mongeri in Ankara have been studied comparatively with the other buildings in Ankara in this period and an attempt is made to assess the differences in his approach.

  9. Genius in the shadows a biography of Leo Szilard, the man behind the bomb

    CERN Document Server

    Lanouette, William

    2013-01-01

    Well-known names such as Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Edward Teller are usually those that surround the creation of the atom bomb. One name that is rarely mentioned is Leo Szilard, known in scientific circles as "father of the atom bomb." The man who first developed the idea of harnessing energy from nuclear chain reactions, he is curiously buried with barely a trace in the history of this well-known and controversial topic.Born in Hungary and educated in Berlin, he escaped Hitler's Germany in 1933 and that first year developed his concept of nucle

  10. Time Travel Is Possible: Historical Fiction and Biography--Passport to the Past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Nancy M.; Ebert, M. Jane

    1992-01-01

    Provides a rationale for organizing history instruction around children's trade books. Presents a sample unit on the American Revolution that has been used successfully with intermediate-grade students. Describes an approach that is unique in its dual focus on students' affective responses to literature and their learning of content. (MG)

  11. Biography, Identity, Improvisation, Sound: Intersections of Personal and Social Identity through Improvisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smilde, Rineke

    2016-01-01

    This essay addresses the relationship of improvisation and identity. Biographical research that was conducted by the author into professional musicians' lifelong learning showed the huge importance of improvisation for personal expression. Musically, the concept of "sound" appeared to serve as a strong metaphor for identity. In addition,…

  12. Stories we teach by: intersections among faculty biography, student formation, and instructional processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooper, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Becoming a professional who embodies certain dispositions is known as identity formation. Little research has explored what intentions educators hold for student identity formation or how such intentions influence their teaching. Nine faculty members (all female) in an occupation-centered curriculum were interviewed and observed over 8 weeks. Data were analyzed primarily through narrative writing and data matrixes. Ultimately, educators in this study taught who they were; each personified an implicit curriculum, which conveyed the kind of people students were to become and the ways of knowing they were to adopt through the culture, artifacts, rituals, and modes of communication within a program. In the formation of self-defining professionals who embody occupational therapy's ethos, equal attention is needed to the biographical experiences of faculty members, to thoughtful design of the implicit curriculum, and to the ways of knowing portrayed to students every day in the classroom.

  13. The Emotional Knots of Academicity: A Collective Biography of Academic Subjectivities and Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charteris, Jennifer; Gannon, Susanne; Mayes, Eve; Nye, Adele; Stephenson, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    The highly imagined and contested space of higher education is invested with an affectively loaded "knowledge economy optimism". Drawing on recent work in affect and critical geography, this paper considers the e/affects of the promises of the knowledge economy on its knowledge workers. We extend previous analyses of the discursive…

  14. One hundred members of the Association of British Neurologists: a collective biography for 1933-1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casper, Stephen T

    2011-10-01

    This article draws a quantitative portrait of British neurology in the interwar and postwar periods through an analysis of the first 100 members of the Association of British Neurologists. Through its presentation of data, this article argues that the members of the Association of British Neurologists were extremely ambitious and as a whole had attained unusually high levels of social, professional, and civil distinction. It makes this argument through an examination of their social and educational backgrounds, the trajectory of their careers, and their achievements in the form of editorships of journals, professorships in medicine, positions in government, honorary degrees, and other indicators of merit. This collective study therefore offers an explanation for how the Association of British Neurologists transformed from an elite club in the 1930s into an organization that eventually came to represent clinical neurology across Britain.

  15. Kollektivbiographie einer Ärztinnengeneration A Collective Biography of a Generation of Women Doctors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Schmoliner

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Mit diese Studie wird der Weg der Frauengeneration, welche bis 1918 ihre Ausbildung als Ärztin abschloss, bis 1945 als „Kollektivbiografie“ rekonstruiert, mit zahlreichen quantitativen Tabellen belegt und allgemeinverständlich dargestellt.In this study the authors reconstruct (in an easy readable manner the paths of the generation of women, who graduated in medicine before 1918. As a “collective biography”, they present their results concerning the lifes and careers of these women until 1945 and offer many quantitative tables.

  16. Kollektivbiographie einer Ärztinnengeneration A Collective Biography of a Generation of Women Doctors

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Mit diese Studie wird der Weg der Frauengeneration, welche bis 1918 ihre Ausbildung als Ärztin abschloss, bis 1945 als „Kollektivbiografie“ rekonstruiert, mit zahlreichen quantitativen Tabellen belegt und allgemeinverständlich dargestellt.In this study the authors reconstruct (in an easy readable manner) the paths of the generation of women, who graduated in medicine before 1918. As a “collective biography”, they present their results concerning the lifes and careers of these women until 1945...

  17. The biography and biology of liberty: Abraham Kuyper and the American experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Witte, Jr.

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In part because of Johan van der Vyver’s pioneering work, Abraham Kuyper, the Dutch theologian, educator, journalist, and politician, is well-known in South Africa. This article examines the lesser-known relationship between Kuyper's political theology and American law and politics. Kuyper praised American constructions of religious liberty and pluralism, separation of church and state, and free association and political pluralism. In Kuyper’s view, these were the political fruits of an historical Calvinism that needed to be restored to political respectability if the American experiment was to live up to its promise. While taking much of Kuyper’s point, this article argues that Kuyper both overstated the Calvinist contributions to the American experiment, and failed to appreciate the unique covenantal theology that informed the Puritan Calvinist legal and political contributions that were made. Two illustrations of this influence are offered: (I how the Puritans' emerging theology o f liberty of covenant contributed to American views of religious liberty; and (2 how the Puritans’ emerging sociology of covenants o f liberty contributed uniquely to American views of social and political pluralism.

  18. [The biography of Maximilian Nitze (1848-1906) and his contribution to the urology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verger-Kuhnke, A B; Beccaría, M L

    2007-01-01

    Maximilian Carl Friedrich Nitze was born on the 18 of September of 1848 in Berlin the capital of Prussia. 1869 while still being a Student of the Heidelberg University the first nephrectomy of the world performed by Gustav Simon (1824-1876) woke his interest in urology. 1874 by the age of 26 he passed his state examination and obtained a doctor degree in medicine. On the 2 October of 1877 he presented the first cystoscope to the members of the Real Medical School in Dresden. Nitzes doubtless valuable contribution to urology was making real the endoscopical exploration of the genitourinary system and initializing the era of surgical treatments under direct vision. By the beginning of the XX century urology reached the status of an independent specialty by separating from surgery, dermatology/venerology, internal medicine and pathology.

  19. The olmec hatchet: biography and landscape; El hacha olmeca: biografia y paisaje

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaime R, O

    2003-07-01

    All study of archaeological characterization parts of the macrostructure of the materials. For the above-mentioned, in our methodology it has preceded the physical description of this materials and their registration. Once inspected and studied the macrostructure of our corpus of information it is necessary to analyze it but it details using several techniques whose scale of work reaches the mineral proportions. To characterize the rock type we use the X-ray diffraction technique. The first problem that we had presented in our investigation was to know the rock type of most of our samples of axes. At macroscopic level we had received different assignments to the same rock: it was said that it was calcareous rock, shale, until it was suggested that it was a clay: caolinite. The diagnostic was made by different geologists. To leave the ambiguity I decided to carry out the analysis of X-ray diffraction. By this way we characterized our material. The problem had consisted of that the rocks had gone for a diagenetic process. When being per millennia under swamp conditions and sour floors, the rocks had lost temper in their external aspect, with what they looked like another type of rocks. The rocks are made up of minerals that in turn they are made up of atoms. The minerals are crystalline solids in the nature and it is possible to analyze them through the X rays. So that it can identify the crystalline organization of the minerals which are those that constitute a rock, it is necessary that the contained electrons in the atoms should be excited so that then they can liberate that energy and being able to read the pattern that they form. This study carries out by means of an electronic microscope of variable pressure Jeol model marks 5900 and another one carries out microanalysis for EDS by means of a detecting Oxford ISIS. This analysis gives us the existent elements in the sample. It was carried out the observation and taken of images of their topography, as well as microanalysis in different areas, mapping and lineal analysis to observe the distribution of the elements. The information is presented in the following way: 1. Pictures of the surface of the sample to low and high amplification. 2. Analysis of a first area presented in an X ray spectrum. 3. Quantitative analysis of the present elements. 4. Mapping of the distribution of the elements in the sample by means of images in colors. 5. Analysis on line to observe the variation of the elements in the sample. 6. In some cases an image is presented with the variation of some element in the case of particles or incrustations. 7. Comparison of spectra in two different areas. For the sample two analysis in different areas were carried out. In this work too, the Moessbauer spectroscopy was carried out to each one of the samples of the different iron minerals to compare with the results of Pires-Ferreira and the one analysis of the minerals of iron of Chalcatzingo of the project of David Grove.(Author)

  20. Preservice Generalist Teachers Enlightened Approach to Teaching Physical Education through Teacher Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, John E.; Miller, Judith A.; Varea, Valeria

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a new learning experience, which was introduced following an examination of the literature regarding preservice primary school teachers' (PPST) notions of their past experience in Physical Education (PE) (Elliott 2013). PPSTs were given the opportunity to recognise, reflect, interrogate and reframe a critical incident from…

  1. A biography of arsenic and medicine in Hong Kong and China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, W Y

    2011-12-01

    Arsenic trioxide has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 5000 years, but lost its appeal due to its toxicity. It was rediscovered in western medicine and enjoyed a renaissance from 1830 to 1930, as the first effective chemotherapy against syphilis, parasites and leukaemia. These years were also a time of political turmoil in China. The Nanking treaty (29 August 1842) turned Hong Kong into a colony, while the Xinhai Revolution (10 October 1911) gave birth to a republic of China. Arsenic returned to China and Hong Kong with the establishment of the first medical schools from 1887 to 1920. Until 1950, oral arsenic trioxide was the standard anti-leukaemic treatment in Queen Mary Hospital. The advent of alkylating chemotherapeutic agents replaced arsenic trioxide in Hong Kong and around the world. In the 1970s, however, the specific activity of arsenic trioxide against acute promyelocytic leukaemia was re-discovered during the Cultural Revolution in Harbin, China. In 1997, Hong Kong was returned to China. In the same year, arsenic trioxide returned to the world stage. Intravenous arsenic trioxide became the worldwide standard therapy for relapsed acute promyelocytic leukaemia. Oral administration of arsenic trioxide was revived in Hong Kong in 2000. This resulted in the first locally produced, registered, patented prescription drug in Hong Kong. Pending imminent manufacture, this product is poised to revolutionise acute promyelocytic leukaemia care and may hold the key to saving the lives of acute promyelocytic leukaemia patients worldwide. The remarkable journey of arsenic in the setting of medical history of China and Hong Kong is reviewed.

  2. Biografias e movimentos de luta por terra em Pernambuco Biographies and land claim movements in Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo C. Rosa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a contribuição das chamadas "lutas por terra" para a produção de novas formas de significação social na região da Zona da Mata de Pernambuco. Por meio da análise de entrevistas com militantes dos diversos movimentos que organizam ocupações de terra na região, foi possível compreender que, além da posse de um pedaço de terra, tais organizações criam condições inéditas para a transformação dos seus líderes em figuras de destaque nas instâncias políticas dos pequenos municípios da região, contribuindo assim para a modificação das estruturas tradicionais de poder.This paper analyzes the contribution of so-called 'land struggles' in the creation of new forms of 'social meaning' in a sugar plantation region of the Brazilian Northeast. Analysis of interviews with militants from various movements coordinating land occupations in the region reveals that, as well as supporting rural people's access to land, these organizations enable their leaders to become prominent figures in local urban politics, thereby contributing to the modification of traditional power structures.

  3. Education, Power and Personal Biography: An Interview with Carlos Alberto Torres.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Alcántara Santuario

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available This conversation touches on crucial aspects of the work and research technique of one of Latin America’s most outstanding authors in the field of the political sociology of education. During this interview Professor Torres points out some of the principal themes of his research agenda, as well as what he considers Latin America’s most important contributions to the discussion of educational problems. Prof. Torres also gives a detailed account of the way he became interested in studying Paulo Freire’s work, which he has helped to disseminate in the USA. He explains the way in which he deals with theoretical and methodological problems in his research, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of being a Latin American studying international education while living and working in the United States. Finally, he makes some suggestions for those who are beginning their research on the educational problems of Mexico and Latin America.

  4. Analysis of Servant Leadership: An Interpretive Biography of a Prominent Leader in Proprietary Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negron, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Values and ethical behaviors in corporate higher education are perceived to be deteriorating, with some leaders accused of financial mismanagement and corruption. Servant leadership has the potential to address these value-related problems but has not been studied in the for-profit environment. The purpose of this qualitative, single-case study…

  5. Uranium: War, Energy and the Rock That Shaped the World; Uranium: la biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zoellner, T.

    2009-07-01

    Having traveled extensively through the savannah of Africa, the mountains of Eastern Europe, and the deserts of Utah, the author delves into the complex science, politics and history of uranium, which presents the best and worst of mankind: the capacity for scientific progress and political genius; the capacity for nihilism, exploitation, and terror. Because the author covers so much ground, from the discovery of radioactivity, through the development of the atomic bomb, he does not go into great depth on any one topic. Nonetheless, he paints vivid pictures of uranium's impact, including forced labor in Soviet mines and lucky prospectors who struck it rich in harsh environments, the spread of uranium smuggling, as well as an explanation of why it was absurd to claim that Saddam Hussein was attempting to purchase significant quantities of uranium from Niger. The only shortcoming is the author's omission of the issue of radioactive wastes generated by nuclear power. The author knows well what uranium looks like, why peril pulses in its every atom, and how scientists exploit its nuclear volatility. The drama is found in the weaponry uranium has spawned as demonstrated at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In pursuit of this raw power, the U.S. let Navajos die extracting needed ore and let southwestern cities sicken beneath clouds from reckless testing. The Soviet Union sentenced tens of thousands to lethal gulag mines. Israel diverted ore through deception on the high seas. Pakistan stole European refining technology. Alive with devious personalities, the author's narrative ultimately exposes the frightening vulnerability of a world with too many sources of a dangerous substance and too little wisdom to control it

  6. Features of the biography novel in A. Zegers narrative "Meeting in the Way"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonova Natalya Sergeevna

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article examines a special genre of literature, namely the genre of literary criticism. It is shown that the author can in different ways attract the reader’s attention to his poetics and aesthetic program. German writer A. Zegers is one of the outstanding masters of socialist realism. This article discusses the story «Meeting in the Way», taken from one of the last works of the writer – the book «Strange meeting» («Sonderbare Begegnungen», 1972. For example, the story of A. Zegers revealed the use of a special artistic technique, borrowed from another genre of literature – a biographical novel. Multiworldness and layering worlds portrayed in the story cause its originality as the reader is easy to get lost in the world of fiction created by A. Zegers, that flows into the realities of her characters. The purpose of this technique is to analyze the poetics of three writers who, no doubt, influenced the author. Literary criticism – a special kind of creativity, less stringent in the estimates, more emotional and confidence in relation to the subject of critical study. On the basis of research the author revealed genre features writing literary criticism and discusses biographical elements used to represent the fictitious world of art.

  7. Beyond the Academic Precariat: A Collective Biography of Poetic Subjectivities in the Neoliberal University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartung, Catherine; Barnes, Nicoli; Welch, Rosie; O'Flynn, Gabrielle; Uptin, Jonnell; McMahon, Samantha

    2017-01-01

    The "neoliberal turn" in the higher education sector has received significant intellectual scrutiny in recent times. This scrutiny, led by many established academics working within the sector, has highlighted the negative repercussions for teaching and research staff, often referred to as the "academic precariat" due to their…

  8. [Biography as discipline tradition. The idealization of the pharmacologist Wolfgang Heubner (1877-1957)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessel, Nils

    2008-01-01

    Taking a german professor of pharmacology, Wolfgang Heubner (1877-1957), as an example, the paper shows how hagiographic traditions were used to construct a scientific ideal in Post-War Germany. This ideal tended to (re-)legitimate German Science after World War II and to justify institutional and personal continuities in the 1950s, but I argue that it is a specific construction of the 1950s, thus serving to build a new image of science in a democratic society.

  9. [Tadeusz Tucholski (1898-1940). A contribution to the scientific biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucholska-Załuska, Hanna

    2014-01-01

    Assistant professor Tadeusz Tucholski Ph.D., murdered in Katyń, was one of the most outstanding representatives of the younger generation of Polish physical chemist scholars of the interwar period. He published over 30 scientific papers in the field of physical and chemical properties of explosions, kinetics and catalysis and also toxicology and forensics. Thesere searches were partly performed at the University of Poznań, in the period 1926-1939, at the Faculty of Medicine of the Department of Physics where Tucholski was employed as a senior assistant and was the closest associate of professor S. Kalandyk, partly at the Department of Forensic Medicine headed by professor S. Horoszkiewicz in the chemical-toxicological laboratory which Tucholski ranin the years 1931-1939, partly at the Warsaw University of Technology in the Department of Explosives Technology of the Faculty of Chemistry headed by professor T. Urbański, where he had been lecturing "On the latest theories of explosives" since 1937 and in 1934-35 in Cambridge, as a teaching fellow of the National Culture Fund, in Colloid Science Laboratory headed by professor E.K. Rideal. In 1903 Tucholski moved with his parents to Zabaykalye, in 1911--to Brazil. He returned to Poland in 1920, joined the Polish Army and with the 14th Polish Medium Regiment fought on the fronts of the Polish-Bolshevik War. He was drafted to the School of Pyrotechnics Foremen at Corps District Command number VII (Poznań). After graduating, Tucholski remained on active duty as a professional pyrotechnic: from 1921 to 1929 he was appointed the head of the Laboratory of Chemical and Pyrotechnic Ammunition Workshop No. 2 in Poznań and as an inspector of magazines of explosives. In 1927 he was transferred to the reserves, in 1932 after having graduated from the Officer Cadet School in Jarocin, Tucholski was appointed a second lieutenant in the Army Reserve, and later moved from the officers infantry corpsto the army ordnance corps. As part of his specialty, he constantly cooperated with the army. In the years 1937-1939,Tucholski was a technical adviser to the Ministry of Military Affairs and from August 1939--an independent researcher at the Institute of Armament Technology. He took part in the works of the Explosives Commission of the Military Technical Society. Tadeusz Tucholski was a self-taught man. He passed his A-level examsin course of his military service in October 1923 and began studying chemistry at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Poznań. He obtained his Master's degree in 1927, the rank and the degree of Ph.D. in the field of chemical sciences and physics in 1930. In 1936, he became the Associate Professor of physical chemistry of explosives at the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Technology in Warsaw. Tucholski invented the method of the differential thermal analysis. He is the author of the widely used differential calorimeter which records the-processes of conversion of explosives during heating, presently known as the Differential Scanning Calorimeter.

  10. Astronaut Biography Project for Countermeasures of Human Behavior and Performance Risks in Long Duration Space Flights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Akeem

    2012-01-01

    This final report will summarize research that relates to human behavioral health and performance of astronauts and flight controllers. Literature reviews, data archival analyses, and ground-based analog studies that center around the risk of human space flight are being used to help mitigate human behavior and performance risks from long duration space flights. A qualitative analysis of an astronaut autobiography was completed. An analysis was also conducted on exercise countermeasure publications to show the positive affects of exercise on the risks targeted in this study. The three main risks targeted in this study are risks of behavioral and psychiatric disorders, risks of performance errors due to poor team performance, cohesion, and composition, and risks of performance errors due to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm. These three risks focus on psychological and physiological aspects of astronauts who venture out into space on long duration space missions. The purpose of this research is to target these risks in order to help quantify, identify, and mature countermeasures and technologies required in preventing or mitigating adverse outcomes from exposure to the spaceflight environment

  11. It came from outer space wearing an RAF blazer! a fan's biography of Sir Patrick Moore

    CERN Document Server

    Mobberley, Martin

    2013-01-01

    To British television viewers, the name ‘Patrick Moore’ has been synonymous with Astronomy and Space Travel since he first appeared on The Sky at Night in 1957. To amateur astronomers he has been a source of inspiration, joy, humour and even an eccentric role model since that time. Most people know that his 55 years of presenting The Sky at Night is a world record, but what was he really like in person?  What did he do away from the TV cameras, in his observatory, and within the British Astronomical Association, the organisation that inspired him as a youngster? Also, precisely what did he do during the War Years, a subject that has always been shrouded in mystery? Martin Mobberley, a friend of Patrick Moore’s for 30 years, and a former President of the British Astronomical Association, has spent ten years exhaustively researching Patrick’s real life away from the TV cameras. His childhood, RAF service, tireless voluntary work for astronomy and charity and his endless book writing are all examined in...

  12. Combining Activism and Intellectualism: the Biography of Mohammad Natsir (1908-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusril Ihza Mahendra

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Natsir is one of Indonesia's leading Islamic figures of the century. His figure is not only known by the people of Indonesia, but also by the world community, especially the Islamic world. Throughout his life, Natsir actively involved in various movements, whether they are social, political, scientific, and religious.Aside from being a powerful activist, Natsir also a respected intellectual figure. Through interaction with Ahmad Hassan, Agus Salim, and other figures, Natsir have started engaging intellectual debate since adolescence. Natsir wrote many articles in the fields of political, social, religious, and philosophical. He also became one of the principal framers of the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia. Unlike the secular Muslims, Natsir continue to believe that Islam could be the basis of the state. Meanwhile, different from the Muslim protagonist, Natsir also believe that Islam does not have a particular political system preferences. Islam only provide general principles to be applied in a particular political system that is tailored to the situation and his time. Thus, Islam and Pancasila still can go hand in hand, because of the unity between Islam and Pancasila occurs at the level of ideas.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i1.844

  13. A short biography of C.A. Backer, nestor of the Flora of Java

    OpenAIRE

    Veldkamp, J.F.

    2001-01-01

    A facsimile reprint of the Verklarend woordenboek van wetenschappelijke plantennamen (Explanatory dictionary of scientific plant names) by C.A. Backer has been published in September, 2000. I have been asked to write an introductory note on the ‘author of this booklet’, as Backer called himself under the lemma ‘backeri’, with some of the backgrounds of the author and the origin of this monumental and unsurpassed work, of which a somewhat emended translation is given here. The following story ...

  14. A short biography of C.A. Backer, nestor of the Flora of Java

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldkamp, J.F.

    2001-01-01

    A facsimile reprint of the Verklarend woordenboek van wetenschappelijke plantennamen (Explanatory dictionary of scientific plant names) by C.A. Backer has been published in September, 2000. I have been asked to write an introductory note on the ‘author of this booklet’, as Backer called himself unde

  15. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Political Affairs, USSR Council of Ministers & Officials: Biographies, Interviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    extreme situations, and good coordination and harmonization of the required special services. Another important goal is to conduct effective technical...Committee for Cinematography 16 KATUSHEV, Konstantin Fedorovich 17 Minister of Foreign Economic Relations 17 KIRICHENKO, Vadim Nikitovich 18...MIKHALCHENKO, Aleksandr Ivanovich 30 Minister of Installation and Special Construction Work 30 MOSTOVOY, Pavel Ivanovich 31 Deputy Chairman of

  16. Ludovico Stanzani: Freemason Architect and coin connoisseur. Notes on his biography and collection

    OpenAIRE

    D'Ottone, Arianna

    2012-01-01

    The paper aims at illustrating the results of my latest researches on the life and coin collection of Ludovico Stanzani. The recent discovery of a plaster bust informs us, for example, about Stanzani’s affiliation to the Freemasonry and gives a face to his name. Some handwritten tickets accompanying his coins give evidence of the numismatic literature used to identify the pieces – probably by Stanzani himself or by someone who had access to his collection. In the Appendix fi...

  17. Biography of Aureal T. Cross: World class coal geologist, palynologist, paleobotanist and educator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phillips, Tom L. [Department of Plant Biology, School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

    2007-01-02

    An Ohioan by birth, June 4, 1916, in Findlay, Hancock County, Aureal T. Cross grew up an Iowan on a dairy farm near Waterloo at Castle Hill. He was the second of five children of Congregational Minister Raymond W. and Mrs. Myra Jane Coon Cross. Aureal's grade school education was mostly in a one-room school at Castle Hill, then to East Waterloo, junior high and high school, where music was as important as farm work before and after classes. On a history and music scholarship at Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Aureal was drawn to L. R. Wilson's physical geology course and the summer reconnaissance trips. Graduating from Coe College in 1939 with an honors thesis on pollen analysis, Aureal completed his Masters in 1941 and a PhD thesis in 1943 at the University of Cincinnati with J. H. Hoskins on Pennsylvanian age plants from coal-balls. During 1942-1946 he taught premedical U.S. Navy students at the University of Notre Dame with a 1943-1944 leave as a National Research Council Fellow. Aureal and Christina Aleen Teyssier met during 1943 in Pittsburgh and married in 1945. Aureal replaced K. E. Caster, his paleontology mentor, for three and one half years (1946-1949) in the Geology Department at Cincinnati, and did field mapping for the Ohio Geological Survey during the summers. Cross established (1949-1957) productive graduate training and research programs in the West Virginia University Geology Department and the West Virginia Geologic and Economic Survey where he had dual appointments. His move (1957-1961) to Exploration Geology, at Amoco's Pan American Petroleum Corporation Research Center in Tulsa, Oklahoma, permitted him to develop and supervise a major palynological research group. The return to academia (1961) at Michigan State University in East Lansing resulted in one of the most comprehensive graduate training programs in paleobotany, palynology, biostratigraphy and paleoecology in North America. Although Aureal Cross officially retired in 1986, he has continued research projects, publication of manuscripts, attends professional meetings with Aleen, and has kept in touch with several generations of his students as well as with many colleagues. He has received numerous awards, none more deserved than those recognizing his outstanding contributions as a teacher, coal geologist, and paleobotanist. (author)

  18. Following People Through Time: An Analysis of Individual Residential Mobility Biographies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coulter, R.; Van Ham, M.

    2013-01-01

    Marie Curie programme under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / Career Integration Grant n. PCIG10-GA-2011-303728 (CIG Grant NBHCHOICE, Neighbourhood choice, neighbourhood sorting, and neighbourhood effects). The life course framework guides us towards investigating ho

  19. Plunging into the wave’s ebb: Sufi words, biographies of humanity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Biagi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Inherent in the meaning which the word ‘identity’ bears in Arabic (huwiyya is a perception of the human self as an ideal place for both stability and change, both sense of belonging and openness to diversity. Such a dichotomy represents a potentially unique source of intercultural dialogue, when it contributes to shaping ‘identities in motion’, stirred by an unyielding desire for self realization and knowledge. Nevertheless, individual and communal selves develop within the framework of distinctive cultures, moulding their path to identity into collectively shared discourses and representations. In this perspective, the paper aims at highlighting the connection between classical Sufism, generally interpreted as Islamic mysticism, and the concept of identity, looking at how the latter relates to the Islamic spiritual tradition as handed down in the works of some representative medieval Sufis. Furthermore, by dealing with issues ranging from the use of language to themes of love and knowledge, this work intends to emphasize the role of the spiritual dimension as the base for those universal values which are at the core of multicultural societies, and to illustrate how the process of acquiring personal inward awareness can improve intrapersonal relationships while spurring an active participation in social life.

  20. Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine G. Akers

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Academic research libraries are quickly developing support for research data management (RDM, including both new services and infrastructure. Here, we tell the stories of how eight different universities have developed programs of RDM support, focusing on the prominent role of the library in educating and assisting researchers with managing their data throughout the research lifecycle. Based on these stories, we construct timelines for each university depicting key steps in building support for RDM, and we discuss similarities and dissimilarities among universities in motivation to provide RDM support, collaborations among campus units, assessment of needs and services, and changes in staffing.

  1. Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Katherine G. Akers; Sferdean, Fe C.; Natsuko H. Nicholls; Green, Jennifer A.

    2014-01-01

    Academic research libraries are quickly developing support for research data management (RDM), including both new services and infrastructure. Here, we tell the stories of how eight different universities have developed programs of RDM support, focusing on the prominent role of the library in educating and assisting researchers with managing their data throughout the research lifecycle. Based on these stories, we construct timelines for each university depicting key steps in building support...

  2. E. A. C. L. E. (Ted Scheipe (1924-1985 — a biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. G. H. Oliver

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Prof. E.A.C.L.E. Scheipe was born in Durban on 27 July 1924 and died in Cape Town on  12 October 1985. He studied at the University of Natal and at Oxford, England. He was awarded an M.Sc. (S. Afr. for a thesis on the ecology of the Natal Drakensberg and a D. Phil. (Oxon. for a thesis on the ecology of bryophytes. For a brief period he was Curator of the Fielding Herbarium, Oxford. In  1953 he was appointed Lecturer in Botany at the University of Cape Town, until in  1973 he was awarded a full professorship (ad hominem and the title of Director of the Bolus Herbarium. Here he established a school of taxonomy and promoted  22  theses. His main fields of research were the taxonomy and phytogeography of Pteridophyta (especially African groups and of Orchidaceae.He has  112 publications to his credit and collected over 7 000 numbers in various regions of Africa, in Europe and the Himalayas. He was a keen gardener and was active in several societies promoting horticulture, orchidology and nature conservation. He was a member of several scientific committees and was repeatedly honoured for his work.Three children were born from his marriage to Sybella Gray, also a botanist.

  3. [Meyerbeer, spa curist, biography of J. -F. Struensee, physician and man of the modernist state].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trépardoux, Francis

    2015-01-01

    In 1757, Struensee (1737-1772) graduated in medicine at Halle-Saale university, as his father a high dignitary in the lutherian church was, and supported by the presence of his grand-father the physician and scientist Samuel Carl. The family moved to Altona where he was nominated as physician in the city council. Then he largely dealt with medical and social items, for orphans and disabled, and attempted to prevent infectious deseases, small pox, typhus, scabies ans dysenteric syndroms. For sure when he practised his investigations on water samples with microscopy, Struensee acted as a pioneer to suspect microrganisms to be responsible for infectious diseases. Later on, he started his medical service dedicated to the Danish king Christian VII. This part of his life demonstrated the ambitious but highly capable man he was when running the whole government load for Denmark, in a liberal and advanced way. We link the drama of his death when he was condamned, to the symphony composed by Meyerbeer (1791-1864), known as an incidental music for Michael Beer's play Struensee, 1846.

  4. І. Kotlyarevsky’s Biography in B. Levin’s Novel “Funny Sage”

    OpenAIRE

    Korniychuk, Tanya

    2016-01-01

    I. Kotlyarevsky is an outstanding personality in the history of Ukrainian literature, whose name has become for many people a symbol of Ukraine, a symbol of spiritual unity around national values. It is not a surprise that the figure of the writer became not only the object of numerous scientific works, but also a source of inspiration for masters of artistic word. B. Levin іn his time made artistic exploration of the phenomenon of I. Kotlyarevsky. B. Levin’s interest of I. Kotlyarevsky emerg...

  5. R. E. (Ted) Munn — Founding editor; a mini-biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Peter; Thomas, Morley; Truhlar, Ed; Whelpdale, Doug

    1996-02-01

    Ted Munn founded Boundary-Layer Meteorology in 1970 and served as Editor for 75 volumes over a 25 year period. This short article briefly reviews Ted's scientific career with the Atmospheric Environment Service (of Canada), the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria and with the Institute of Environmental Studies at the University of Toronto, and as editor of this journal.

  6. Modes of rationality in nursing documentation: biology, biography and the 'voice of nursing'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Abbey; Treacy, Margaret P; Scott, P Anne; Butler, Michelle; Drennan, Jonathan; Irving, Kate; Byrne, Anne; MacNeela, Padraig; Hanrahan, Marian

    2005-06-01

    This article is based on a discourse analysis of the complete nursing records of 45 patients, and concerns the modes of rationality that mediated text-based accounts relating to patient care that nurses recorded. The analysis draws on the work of the critical theorist, Jurgen Habermas, who conceptualised rationality in the context of modernity according to two types: purposive rationality based on an instrumental logic, and value rationality based on ethical considerations and moral reasoning. Our analysis revealed that purposive rationality dominated the content of nursing documentation, as evidenced by a particularly bio-centric and modernist construction of the workings of the body within the texts. There was little reference in the documentation to central themes of contemporary nursing discourses, such as notions of partnership, autonomy, and self-determination, which are associated with value rationality. Drawing on Habermas, we argue that this nursing documentation depicted the colonisation of the sociocultural lifeworld by the bio-technocratic system. Where nurses recorded disagreements that patients had with medical regimes, the central struggle inherent in the project of modernity became transparent--the tension between the rational and instrumental control of people through scientific regulation and the autonomy of the subject. The article concludes by problematising communicative action within the context of nursing practice.

  7. Lieutenant-General F.N. Remezov: the Milestones of Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir I. Afanasenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is the first special study on F.N. Remezov, Soviet general and veteran of the Great Patriotic War. In July 1941 he conducted the 13th Army during the fights at Smolensk direction. Then he was a commander of the North Caucasian Military District and the 56th Separate Army. In late autumn of 1941 the troops under the command of Remezov left and in a week liberated Rostov-on-Don. But further Soviet offensive in the south direction has been stopped by the German defensive line Mius-front. Remezov became a commander of the South Ural Military District. In 1942–1945 he conducted the 45th Army in the Caucasus and Iran. The research is based on the archival and published sources.

  8. Little Mosie from the Margaree: A Biography of Moses Michael Coady.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welton, Michael R.

    This book examines the life of the Reverend Moses Michael Coady (1890-1959), a Roman Catholic priest who led the Antigonish Movement. During the Antigonish Movement, residents of the small maritime town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, worked to achieve a nonviolent alternative to communism and fascism and to effect the social and economic…

  9. What about Albert Einstein? Using Biographies to Promote Students' Scientific Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingon, Joan C.; Fingon, Shallon D.

    2009-01-01

    Who hasn't heard of Einstein? Science educators everywhere are familiar with Einstein's genius and general theory of relativity. Students easily recognize Einstein's image by his white flyaway hair and bushy mustache. It is well known that Einstein was a brilliant physicist and an abstract thinker who often used his creativity and imagination in…

  10. Diablotin Pterodroma hasitata: a biography of the endangered Black-capped Petrel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Theodore R.; Lee, David S.; Haney, J. Chris

    2013-01-01

    The Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata was believed extinct throughout much of the 20th century. It is the only gadfly petrel currently known to breed in the Caribbean Basin. Now seriously endangered, the species is presumed extirpated from Martinique, Dominica, and Guadeloupe, and breeding populations currently occur only on Hispaniola and perhaps Cuba. A related form (now considered a full species) once bred, but is now apparently extinct, on Jamaica. The Black-capped Petrel breeding population may number as few as 500 breeding pairs. Remaining populations suffer from multiple threats to terrestrial and pelagic habitats, including harvest by humans and predation by introduced mammals. The exact sizes, locations, and detailed chronologies of all Black-capped Petrel breeding sites remain poorly studied, although major colonies are today apparently restricted to steep sea and inland cliffs along the La Selle Ridge in Hispaniola. The largest known breeding population occurs in Haiti, although there is continued discussion about a possible breeding site in Cuba in the Sierra Maestra mountain range. Accounts from Cuba are based on the unverified assumption that birds observed at sea just offshore of that island are breeding locally.

  11. Claim on memory : a political biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., 1914-1988

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, Erik Eduard Willem van den

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on the political life of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., the third surviving son of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt. The key question of this study emphasizes how FDR, Jr. interpreted the Roosevelt name and legacy during his life and political career. This book deal

  12. What the Butler Saw: Lee Daniels's Studies in Biography and History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    The movie "Lee Daniels' The Butler" is an example of a work that is meant not only to entertain but to convey an important attitude and offer important viewpoints. The movie deals with a deep issue in the history of movies and the history of the country: racial inequality. Three issues are discussed in this article: (a) African…

  13. Scientific method, history, Darwinism and laicism: a Giovanni Jervis's intellectual biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Gilberto; Sirgiovanni, Elisabetta

    2012-01-01

    Some authors marked a change of perspective from the early to the late Jervis's thought, in terms of a supposed turn towards conservatism. That laid him open to criticism from some Leftist Italian intellectuals. The aim of this paper is to show that conservatism never was a Jervis's thought feature. Mainly, subjects and methods leading the development of his philosophical views suggest a continuity between earlier writings and later ones. All over his thought, in fact, the idea of preeminence of scientific method and historical contextualization convinced him about naturalistic approaches to human behavior, which came to support his Darwinism and laicism in approaching socio-psychological and socio-political issues.

  14. 亢得时生平考略%A Brief Biography of Kang Deshi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭剑化

    2004-01-01

    亢得时,顺治漕运总督兼兵部尚书。顺治十六年(1659)对抗郑成功进犯,兵败自杀。由于正史无传,其人已近乎湮灭。本文试图对这位清初重臣的生平事迹,作更多的发掘和必要的考证,尽可能恢复其本来面目。

  15. Gender and Professionalism in Law: The Challenge of (Women’s Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Jane Mossman

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the story of a woman who “created” her life in the law in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Although now almost unknown, Cornelia Sorabji achieved prominence as a woman pioneer in the legal profession, who provided legal services to women clients in northern India, the Purdahnashins. Sorabji’s experiences as a woman in law were often similar to the stories of other first women lawyers in a number of different jurisdictions at the end of the nineteenth century: all of these women had to overcome gender barriers to gain admission to the legal professions, and they were often the only woman in law in their jurisdictions for many years. Yet, as Sorabji’s story reveals, while ideas about gender and the culture of legal professionalism could present formidable barriers for aspiring women lawyers, these ideas sometimes intersected in paradoxical ways to offer new opportunities for women to become legal professionals. In exploring the impact of gender and legal professionalism on Sorabji’s legal work, the paper also suggests that her story presents a number of challenges and contradictions that may require new approaches to gender history so as to capture the complexity of stories about women lawyers. Cet article examine l’histoire d’une femme qui a «créé» sa vie dans le domaine du droit à la fin du dix-neuvième et au début du vingtième siècles. Quoique présentement presque inconnue, Cornelia Sorabji a acquis une certaine renommée comme femme pionnière dans la profession juridique qui offrait des services juridiques à des femmes clientes dans le nord de l’Inde, les Purdahnashins. Les expériences de Mme Sorabji en tant que femme dans le domaine du droit ressemblaient souvent aux récits d’autres premières femmes avocates sur un nombre d’autres territoires à la fin du dix-neuvième siècle : ces femmes devaient toutes surmonter des barrières sexistes pour être admises à la profession juridique, et elles étaient souvent la seule femme à exercer le droit sur leur territoire pendant de nombreuses années. Pourtant, comme le fait voir l’histoire de Mme Sorabji, quoique les idées reliées au sexe de l’individu et la culture de professionnalisme légal pouvaient constituer des obstacles formidables pour les femmes qui aspiraient à devenir avocates, ces idées parfois se croisaient de manières paradoxales de façon à créer de nouvelles occasions aux femmes de devenir des professionnelles du droit. En examinant l’impact du sexe de l’individu et du professionnalisme légal sur le travail légal de Mme Sorabji, l’article suggère en plus que son histoire présente un nombre de défis et de contradictions qui pourraient nécessiter de nouvelles approches à l’histoire vue en rapport au sexe de l’individu afin de saisir la complexité des récits au sujet de femmes avocates.

  16. Clinician and revolutionary: Frantz Fanon, biography, and the history of colonial medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Richard C

    2007-01-01

    Although scholars have exhibited close interest in the life and work of Frantz Fanon, few have emphasized his work as a psychiatrist. This essay surveys recent books and films that have placed Fanon's clinical experience at the center of his life's work. It concludes that historians of colonial medicine have much to gain from these works and their reexaminations of a controversial figure.

  17. The analysis of variance in anaesthetic research: statistics, biography and history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandit, J J

    2010-12-01

    Multiple t-tests (or their non-parametric equivalents) are often used erroneously to compare the means of three or more groups in anaesthetic research. Methods for correcting the p value regarded as significant can be applied to take account of multiple testing, but these are somewhat arbitrary and do not avoid several unwieldy calculations. The appropriate method for most such comparisons is the 'analysis of variance' that not only economises on the number of statistical procedures, but also indicates if underlying factors or sub-groups have contributed to any significant results. This article outlines the history, rationale and method of this analysis.

  18. 陈凯歌生平与创作年表%Chen Kaige's Biography and Filmography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾磊磊

    2006-01-01

    陈凯歌,原名陈皑鸽,原籍福建长乐,1952年生于北京。1970年参军。1974年转业,在北京电影洗印厂当工人。1978年考入北京电影学院导演系,1982年毕业后分配到北京儿童电影制片厂任导演,次年调到北京电影制片厂。1987年赴美国进修,1990年回国。导演电影作品有:

  19. Appunti per la biografia linguistica dei miei figli (Notes for a Linguistic Biography of My Children).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francescato, Giuseppe

    1978-01-01

    This article discusses the linguistic background of two Italian children who lived with their parents for an extended period of time in Holland and for a brief time in Puerto Rico and spent vacations in Italy where their relatives spoke the dialects of Veneto and Friuli. (CFM)

  20. Regulatory Fe(II/III) heme: the reconstruction of a molecule's biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühl, Toni; Imhof, Diana

    2014-09-22

    More than 20 years of research on heme as a temporary effector molecule of proteins have revealed its widespread impact on virtually all primary functions in the human organism. As our understanding of this influence is still growing, a comprehensive overview of compiled data will give fresh impetus for creativity and developing new strategies in heme-related research. From known data concerning heme-regulated proteins and their involvement in the development of diseases, we provide concise information of Fe(II/III) heme as a regulator and the availability of "regulatory heme". The latter is dependent on the balance between free and bound Fe(II/III) heme, here termed "hemeostasis". Imbalance of this system can lead to the development of diseases that were not always attributed to this small molecule. Diseases such as cancer or Alzheimer's disease highlight the reawakened interest in heme, whose function was previously believed to be completely understood.

  1. Annexe III. Biographie de Lee Kuan Yew, premier ministre de Singapour

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Harry Lee Kuan Yew (« la lumière qui brille »), fils aîné de Lee Chin Koon (cadre de société pétrolière et bijoutier) et de Chua Jim Neo, est né à Singapour en 1923. Sa famille, d’origine Hakka (Chine méridionale), est implantée à Singapour depuis 1830-40 ; l’arrière grand-mère maternelle et le grand-père paternel ont épousé respectivement un Malais et un Chinois peranakan indonésien, ce qui explique l’esprit multiracial du cercle familial qui a tant marqué le jeune Lee dans ses luttes ultéri...

  2. Skulls, brains, and memorial culture: on cerebral biographies of scientists in the nineteenth century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagner, Michael

    2003-06-01

    In this paper, I will argue that the scientific investigation of skulls and brains of geniuses went hand in hand with hagiographical celebrations of scientists. My analysis starts with late-eighteenth century anatomists and anthropologists who highlighted quantitative parameters such as the size and weight of the brain in order to explain intellectual differences between women and men and Europeans and non-Europeans, geniuses and ordinary persons. After 1800 these parameters were modified by phrenological inspections of the skull and brain. As the phrenological examination of the skulls of Immanuel Kant, Wilhelm Heinse, Arthur Schopenhauer and others shows, the anthropometrical data was interpreted in light of biographical circumstances. The same pattern of interpretation can be found in non-phrenological contexts: Reports about extraordinary brains were part of biographical sketches, mainly delivered in celebratory obituaries. It was only in this context that moral reservations about dissecting the brains of geniuses could be overcome, which led to a more systematic investigation of brains of geniuses after 1860.

  3. [The master and his school - on the biography and action of instrument developer Heinrich Geissler].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dörfel, Günter

    2014-01-01

    This contribution focuses on the work and development of a notable personality in physics and technology: Heinrich Geissler, a glassblower, educator, inventor, and experimentalist, influenced the development of physics in the second half of the 19th century with lasting effect. He initiated and contributed to research on electric discharge in gases, created the first actually working vacuum pump, and continuously improved its design. His students significantly contributed to research on the photoelectric effect, and early vacuum electronics. They were involved in the development of the electric light bulb, and in the extremely quick practical application of X-rays in medical and other contexts. All these activities contributed to the fundamental change in physical thinking that took place at the beginning of the 20th century. It is an aim of this article to describe the momentum, as well as the centrifugal forces, at work in this critical phase of physics research.

  4. Biography of Dr. Eugene W. Smith Arkansas State University President 1984 to 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newsom, Glenda

    2012-01-01

    A president of a university in the state of Arkansas would benefit from researching the roots of the educational system within the state. Even though the state now has a number of universities that have evolved and are on the cutting-edge of advanced technology, Arkansas was slow in growth and development. Since Arkansas was slow to expand public…

  5. Hermann Haken from the laser to synergetics : a scientific biography of the early years

    CERN Document Server

    Kröger, Bernd

    2015-01-01

    Hermann Haken (born 1927) is one of the “fathers” of the quantum-mechanical laser theory, formulated between 1962 and 1966, in strong competition with American researchers. Later on, he created Synergetics, the science of cooperation in multicomponent systems. The book concentrates on the development of his scientific work during the first thirty-five years of his career.   In 1970 he and his doctoral student Robert Graham were able to show that the laser is an example of a nonlinear system far from thermal equilibrium that shows a phase-transition like behavior. Subsequently, this insight opened the way for the formulation of Synergetics. Synergetics is able to explain, how very large systems show the phenomenon of self-organization that can be mathematically described by only very few order parameters. The results of Haken’s research were published in two seminal books Synergetics (1977) and Advanced Synergetics (1983).    After the year 1985 Haken concentrated his research on the macroscopic found...

  6. THE BIOGRAPHY OF JÁNOS NAGYVÁTHY - THE FIRST HUNGARIAN AGRICULTURAL WRITER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gábor LUKÁCS

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available 210 years ago Nagyváthy János published the first systematic, agricultural trade book, called ’Diligent Farmers’ in Hungarian in Pest. This outstanding person of our agricultural history was born on 19th January 1755, in Miskolc. After leaving the Protestant secondary grammar school in Miskolc, he studied law and theology in Sárospatak. At the Protestant secondary grammar school in Losonc he became a ’Subrector’, that is, the the teacher of poetry. Due to a serious illness affecting his eyes he left this job and went to Pest for medical treatment. During the long therapy he visited the lectures of Mitterpacher Lajos, who was the most excellent theoratical agricultural specialist in the country. In 1782 he took military service for four years, in the Duka cavalry regiment, where he reached the rank of a captain and he was garrisoned in Belgium, Italy and Austria. As a commisariat officer he got to know the more developed agriculture of Europe, and it was at that time that he studied agricultural technical literature. In 1786 he had a relapse of his eye disease therefore he left the army and tried to find a cure in Vienna. Here he got acquainted with Jordán Péter, director of the domains of the court, who employed him as an assistant. During the time he spent in the domain of Vöslau, he could completed his academic knowledge with practical experience. In 1788 he moved to Pest where he made friends with Kazinczy, Batsányi, Verseghy and Széchenyi Ferenc, who were the representatives of the most progressive group of nobility. He became the member of the ’Magnanamitas’ Masonic Lodge. In 179o he published four pamphlets anonymously called ’ The change of religion’, ’Civil prediction from the stars’, ’The red friend’, ’Hours of joy in the life of a true Hungarian patriot’. In 1791 he published ’The diligent farmer’ in two volumes on 1213 pages recommending it to the ’sweaty Hungarian farmer’. In this book he wrote about all his experience and the regularities regarding animals and plants discovered by the developing sciences. His main source is ’Elementa rei rusticae’ by Mitterpacher but he also mentioned 51 different books as sources, (34 of them in the section about plant cultivation. Plant cultivation had the same importance and number of pages as in the work of Mitterpacher but animal husbandry had twice as many pages. He wrote about the breeding of all farm animals but it was not the chapters on animal husbandry that pointed ahead but his remarks to help the rationalization of farming and the fact that he wrote about plant cultivation and animal husbandry as a whole. The book made him well-known in the country. He was offered the post of a land steward by Széchenyi Ferenc and Festetics György. Accepting the latter he moved to Keszthely and he took over the management of the domain of 162ooo acres. The earl left the army at that time and started to restore his neglected domain. Nagyváthy’s main task was to improve farm management. He introduced strict accountancy and applied double-entry book-keeping for the first time and Hungary and his main principle was to put down all farming activities in writing. The farm managers were not suitable for this task so he convinced Festetics to found a school for them and an other secondary grammar school in the other centre of the domain in Csurgó. By 1797 the condition of the domain improved significantly and the Earl founded ’Georgikon’ the first agricultural college in Europe though without the land steward who favoured the idea of enlightment (the court in Vienna would not approve it. After the expiration of his contract he retired and moved to Csurgó, where he inspected the secondary grammar school as a secular inspector. He spent the last 22 years of his life here ’hard working in respectable poverty’. He died on 13th February 1819 (according to other sources on 24th. His posthumous books are as follows: ’Hungarian housewife on the farm’ (182o, ’Hungarian Practicus Cultivator’ (1821, ’Hungarian Practicus Breeder’ (1822, ’Hungarian Land Steward’ (1822. In Keszthely and in Csurgó secondary technical scools are called after him, his memory is kept by statues and marble tablets. My aim was to commemorate a scientist, who disappeared into the mists of two centuries, by presenting his life and his main work.

  7. A BIOGRAPHY OF ROBERT DE KERSAUSON, FRENCH VOLUNTEER WITH THE BOOER COMMANDOES

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    One of the most colourful foreign volunteers in the Boer army in 1900-1902 was Robert de Kersauson de Pennendreff; young, handsome, gallant and devoted to the Boer cause until the bitter end of the war. His love for South Africa brought him after an absence of almost 40 years back to this country to find a quiet place to live when many other countries were suffering in the Second World War.

  8. A Short Biography of Joseph Fourier and Historical Development of Fourier Series and Fourier Transforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2012-01-01

    This article deals with a brief biographical sketch of Joseph Fourier, his first celebrated work on analytical theory of heat, his first great discovery of Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Included is a historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms with their properties, importance and applications. Special emphasis is made…

  9. [The Hygienist Karl Roelcke, M.D. (1907-1982). Annotations to the family biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildenberger, Florian G

    2016-01-01

    Volker Roelcke, the well-known historian of medicine, wrote a biographical sketch on his father's role in National Socialism. Karl Roelcke (1907-1982) was an important hygienist at the University of Heidelberg and assistant to Ernst Rodenwaldt (1878-1965). Attempts to discuss the Nazi issue with his father directly ended unsuccessfully in the 1970s. In his essay of 2014, Volker Roelcke portrayed his father as quite sophisticated, but did not mention all aspects of his work. The present essay therefore offers new insights into the person of Karl Roelcke which are not constrained by family interests.

  10. Missing Citations, Bulking Biographies, and Unethical Collaboration: Types of Cheating among Public Relations Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auger, Giselle A.

    2013-01-01

    Students cheat. For the field of public relations, which continually struggles for credibility, the issue of student cheating should be paramount, as the unethical students of today become tomorrow's practitioners. Through a survey of 170 public relations majors, this study examined the importance students place on the Public Relations Society of…

  11. The Effect of Author Biography upon the Comprehension and Appreciation of Poetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Larry Kenneth

    This study investigated whether the inclusion of biographical material about a poet contributes to or detracts from the comprehension and appreciation of poetry. Twenty randomly selected poems were presented to two tenth grade average-ability English classes. The control group listened to an audio-recording of each poem while it concurrently read…

  12. Frederik Petrus Koumans, 1905-1977, a biography and a tentative list of his biological papers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boeseman, M.

    1978-01-01

    On Wednesday 27 April 1977, my predecessor as a curator of fishes at the Leiden Museum, Dr. F. P. Koumans, after a short illness, rather unexpectedly passed away at the age of 72. Considering his rôle as a staff member of the Museum and the importance of his contributions to science, the publication

  13. Proofreading Qingshi Liezhuan,Rulin Zhuan(Biographies of Confucian Scholars in Collections of Qing Biographies)%《清史列传·儒林传》点校订补

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤强

    2010-01-01

    @@ 王锺翰先生点校的自1987年中华书局出版后,倍受学术界重视和推崇,已经成为研究清史的重要参考书.王先生学识渊博,对此用功甚勤,但终究一人之力,难免有所疏漏.今就所见点校问题,试作订补,以备清史研究者参考,并就正于方家.

  14. "Ständige Neuerfindung der Wahrheit". Zum Problem der Biographie und Identität im Roman "Die englischen Jahre" von Norbert Gstrein // On the Problem of Biography and Identity in the Novel "The English Years" by Norbert Gstrein

    OpenAIRE

    Spreicer, Jelena

    2012-01-01

    Der 1999 veröffentlichte Roman "Die englischen Jahre" stellt den Anfang der zweiten Phase im Schaffen Norbert Gstreins dar. Während er in seiner ersten Schaffensperiode die existentiellen Probleme der "Nichtzugehörigkeit in der Dorfgemeinschaft" (Helbig, S. 27) thematisiert und sich somit in die Tradition von Anti-Heimat Autoren wie Peter Turrini, Thomas Bernhard und Josef Winkler positioniert, bildet die Unmöglichkeit der Sprache, das Trauma der Kriegserfahrung zu verbalisieren, den thematis...

  15. 大卫·林奇的生平和作品%David Lynch's Biography and Filmmography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游飞

    2003-01-01

    @@ 生平 大卫·林奇(David Lynch)是现代美国电影创作的伟大复兴者,一个受到广泛赞誉的编剧兼导演,他还是电视制片人、摄影家、动画专家、作曲家和电脑影像艺术家.运用惊人的平衡感和技巧游走于主流电影和先锋电影的边缘,林奇为电影银幕带来一种怪诞、黑暗和诡异不安的真实感,一种由极端的暴力、怪异的喜剧和奇妙的美丽为特征的噩梦世界.

  16. Hermann Oldenberg and the Historical Imperative: Writing a Biography of Gautama Buddha from Nineteenth-Century Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Eduardo García Fernández

    2013-01-01

    In the second half of the nineteenth century Buddhism was well known as a religion among academic and literary circles in Europe. However, the variety of doctrinal versions and texts from different Buddhist schools posed a dilemma for the pioneering scholars in the field: which one was the real history and teaching of the Buddha? Although there were numerous studies and biographical versions of the life of Buddha, the one written by German Orientalist Hermann Oldenberg is noted for its histor...

  17. Collaborative Learner Biographies: Or, Discovering You Had Created a Project-Based Learning Task without Realizing It

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltmarsh, David

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to report on an assessment task designed to provoke pre-service teacher education students to recollect and share experiences of what enabled and frustrated their learning. The assumption underpinning the creation of this task was that: if teacher education students could, through reflection and discussion, recapture…

  18. The Noscapine Chronicle: A Pharmaco-Historic Biography of the Opiate Alkaloid Family and its Clinical Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rida, Padmashree C G; LiVecche, Dillon; Ogden, Angela; Zhou, Jun; Aneja, Ritu

    2015-09-01

    Given its manifold potential therapeutic applications and amenability to modification, noscapine is a veritable "Renaissance drug" worthy of commemoration. Perhaps the only facet of noscapine's profile more astounding than its versatility is its virtual lack of side effects and addictive properties, which distinguishes it from other denizens of Papaver somniferum. This review intimately chronicles the rich intellectual and pharmacological history behind the noscapine family of compounds, the length of whose arms was revealed over decades of patient scholarship and experimentation. We discuss the intriguing story of this family of nontoxic alkaloids, from noscapine's purification from opium at the turn of the 19th century in Paris to the recent torrent of rationally designed analogs with tremendous anticancer potential. In between, noscapine's unique pharmacology; impact on cellular signaling pathways, the mitotic spindle, and centrosome clustering; use as an antimalarial drug and cough suppressant; and exceptional potential as a treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome, strokes, and diverse malignancies are catalogued. Seminal experiments involving some of its more promising analogs, such as amino-noscapine, 9-nitronoscapine, 9-bromonoscapine, and reduced bromonoscapine, are also detailed. Finally, the bright future of these oftentimes even more exceptional derivatives is described, rounding out a portrait of a truly remarkable family of compounds.

  19. The cultural biography of landscape as an interdisciplinary tool for landscape planning at Banjarmasin City, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damayanti, Vera; Spek, Mattheus

    2015-01-01

    During the twentieth century concepts of cultural landscape have been developed that have led to the inclusion of the cultural dimension in landscape studies. The implication of this in landscape planning and management is that planners should not only comprehend the physical dimension of a landscap

  20. [New study on the history of anesthesiology--(12). A biography of Seigo Minami, the first to describe crush syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuki, Akitomo

    2006-02-01

    Crush syndrome causes a social concern as we experienced in the devastating earthquake in Kobe area in 1995. In the laboratory of Prof. Pick of Berlin, Seigo Minami (1893-1975), a dermatologist, made a detailed microscopic study of the kidneys of three German soldiers in 1922. They had died from renal failure caused by traumatic injuries during the World War 1. Minami concluded that the common cause of their deaths was "Autointoxication" due to necrotic breakdown of damaged muscles. His paper appeared in Virchows Archiv in 1923. This is the first description of crush syndrome in the world. Thereafter Minami joined the members of Prof. Warburg, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute to investigate respiration and glycolysis of cancer tissues of rats. This research made an important contribution to the works of Prof. Warburg to whom a Nobel prize for medicine and physiology was awarded in 1931. Minami's name as the first describer of crush syndrome remains quite unknown in Japan, although almost all Japanese dermatologists know him by Minami Prize of Japanese Society of Dermatology.

  1. Histoire, histoires… Blood Upon the Rose de Gerry Hunt et Louis Riel. A Comic Strip Biography de Chester Brown

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Morisson

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans deux bandes dessinées historiques abordant des épisodes centraux de l’histoire nationale irlandaise et manitobienne, Gerry Hunt et Chester Brown mettent en scène des héros devenus martyrs en leur pays. Leurs choix scénaristiques et graphiques sont très éloignés mais les deux auteurs se penchent sur l’exemplarité contestée des héros et revendiquent le droit de fournir aux lecteurs des points de vue audacieux sur les mythes fondateurs de la nation. La bande dessinée leur permet de s’affranchir d’une tradition historiographique nationaliste. Blood Upon the Rose et Louis Riel sont néanmoins sous-tendues par deux visions divergentes de l’histoire. La lutte pour l’indépendance est présentée soit comme le fait d’un individu soit comme un élan collectif.In their historical graphic novels, focused on pivotal episodes of Irish and Manitobian history, Gerry Hunt and Chester Brown put in the limelight two heroes that are, in their countries, elevated to the status of martyrs. If the authors’ graphic and narrative choices differ, both of them question the virtues of these much-debated heroes and claim their right to provide well-grounded but daring interpretations of the forging of the nation and its myths. Blood Upon the Rose and Chester Brown are nonetheless underpinned by two diverging visions of History since the fight for independence is viewed either as the achievement of an enlightened individual or as the result of a collective rebellion.

  2. A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF PROFESSOR L.C. HSU In celabration of Professor Hsu for his 80's birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Tianxiao

    2000-01-01

    @@L.C. Hsu (Lizhi Xu), advisor, Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica ; Honorary Director, Institute of Applied Mathematics, Dalian University of Technology; Honorary Chairman, Department of Mathematics, Huazhong University of Sicence and Technology; Editor-in-Chief, Approximation Theory and Its Applications; Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Mathematical Research &- Exposition; Edotor-in-Chief, Mathematical Methodology Se ries, Jiangsu Education Press; and Learned Advisor, Liaoning University. Prof. Hsu de votes himself to the study of mathematics and has obtained various noteworthy results in the fields of asymptotics, approximation, numerical analysis, combinatorics, and mathe matical methodology, etc.

  3. Authorship in the interstices of history, biography, reality and memory: Histoire(s du Cinema and Cabra Marcado para Morrer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Sayad

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo contrasta Histoire(s du cinéma de Jean-Luc Godard e Cabra Marcado Para Morrer de Eduardo Coutinho, estão engajadas com a questão da autoria no cinema. Enquanto a imagem de Godard enfatiza a capacidade que tem um filme de transmitir a visão de mundo pessoal de um artista, a presença de Coutinho na tela funciona menos como um meio de subjetivar a obra do que como um catalizador instigando cetas reações nos "atores" filmados.

  4. Short biography of Louis Daniel Beauperthuy (1807-71): pioneer of microbiology and medical science in Venezuela.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godoy, Gerardo A; Tarradath, Ewart

    2010-02-01

    Louis Daniel Beauperthuy was a pioneer of microbiology in Venezuela where he developed microscopic and clinical research together with academic and scientific observation related to leprosy and the role of insects in the transmission of febrile illnesses.

  5. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume II. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series this volume presents biographical sketches of persons of Asian American heritage who have made contributions to American life. Asian Americans have often been subjected to racial and ethnic prejudice as have other easily identifiable groups of Americans. The series, written at a reading level of grades 5 to 6, but…

  6. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume I. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series this volume presents biographical sketches of persons of Asian American heritage who have made contributions to American life. Asian Americans have often been subjected to racial and ethnic prejudice, as have other easily identifiable groups of Americans. The series, written at a reading level of grades 5 to 6, but…

  7. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume IV. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    This collection of biographical sketches presents role models of Asian American descent for American children. As part of the five-volume series written at a reading level for grades five to six, the success stories of the individuals profiled in this volume, and who have encountered racial prejudice and discrimination, remind all of the unique…

  8. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume III. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series written at a reading level for grades five to six and as a tribute to the contributions Asian Americans have made to the United States, this volume presents biographical sketches of Asian Americans who can serve as role models for today's youth. The profiles in the series show the triumph of the human spirit. Volume…

  9. Review Essay: Extremist Right-Wing Orientation and Youth Violence in the Context of Psychologically based Biography Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silke Baer

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Michaela KÖTTIG's book closes two gaps in research on right-wing political extremism. First, she deals with young women in the right-wing scene. This is a group that has been subject to little research, having generally been taken to be on the fringe of activity and with little political activity of its own. Second, KÖTTIG works exclusively with qualitative research methods, using narrative biographical interviews and reconstructive case studies which include three-generational family histories. KÖTTIG also draws on studies of clinical psychological trauma studies and attempts to reconstruct early childhood experiences. The comparison of case studies shows numerous correspondences and variations in the biographical experience of the interviewees as well as in the consequences for individual coping mechanisms. Recurrent issues include experiences of alienation from parents, the eminent importance of one grandparent, and the effects of unconscious trans-generational transmission of affect and thought patterns caused by parents' and grandparents' suppression of the family's history during the Third Reich. These and other factors can contribute to the build-up of extreme right-wing patterns of thought and behavior. KÖTTIG's insightful study shows the importance of this kind of qualitative biographical research in examining the complexity of the biographical conditions for right-wing extremism in girls and young women. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs080281

  10. Hermann Oldenberg and the Historical Imperative: Writing a Biography of Gautama Buddha from Nineteenth-Century Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Eduardo García Fernández

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the second half of the nineteenth century Buddhism was well known as a religion among academic and literary circles in Europe. However, the variety of doctrinal versions and texts from different Buddhist schools posed a dilemma for the pioneering scholars in the field: which one was the real history and teaching of the Buddha? Although there were numerous studies and biographical versions of the life of Buddha, the one written by German Orientalist Hermann Oldenberg is noted for its historicist reconstruction and its claim to have used the original source. This article discusses how Oldenberg’s work represented an effort to reconstruct a hagiography through the lens of a modern rational society that demanded consistency with respect to religious events, imposing a holistic perspective to a heterogeneous material which in itself is fragmented, and thus contributing to the “construction” of the life of Gautama Buddha as a coherent whole.

  11. J.A. van der Kloes (1845-1935): A professional biography of the first Dutch professor in building materials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quist, W.J.

    2015-01-01

    Prof. Jacobus Alida van der Kloes (1845-1935) was appointed teacher in building materials at the “Polytechnische school” of Delft in 1882. From 1905 until his retirement in 1915 he was promoted to full professor on the subject of knowledge and research of building materials at the “Technische Hooges

  12. Montage of a Queering Deferred: Memory, Ownership, and Archival Silencing in the Rhetorical Biography of Langston Hughes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers, Ian

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the intersection of archival privilege and heteronormative bias in the queering of Langston Hughes. Although it has been a common belief in LGBTQ communities that Hughes was gay, the battle over how his sexuality is defined in various biographical texts involves broader issues of dominant representations of sexuality and who gets to speak for those no longer able to speak for themselves. As such, the article examines the texts Looking for Langston and The Life of Langston Hughes as well as the discourses that surrounded both. Through this case study, it is apparent that there are still numerous cultural challenges posed to historical queering and that scholars must take an inventive approach to overcome them.

  13. Hans Thomae: The Individual and His/Her World in the Flux of Time: History and Biography in Psychological Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Straub

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available The interview explores the important academic experiences with mentors and intellectual impulses which have supported and guided the psychological thinking of Hans THOMAE, especially in his approach to "biographical method." Questions about motivation in human activity, consciousness and life history are impulses that—mediated and guided by NIETZSCHE, HERDER, MORITZ, SPRANGER, ROTHACKER, LERSCH and KLAGES among others—finally led THOMAE to the development and shaping of a "biographical method" in psychology; a method which propagates the inclusion of the individual's life-story, the openness and clarity of the survey, as well as a synthesis of nomological and ideographical approaches to qualitative and quantitative research. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs040368

  14. Negotiating Professional and Personal Biographies in a Liquid World: Creating Space for Reflexive Innovation in Career Counselling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Hazel; West, Linden

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the constraints to innovative, creative and reflexive careers counselling in an uncertain neo-liberal world. We draw on previously reported research into practitioners' use of a narrative model for career counselling interviews in England and a Europe-wide auto/biographical narrative study of non-traditional learners in…

  15. When Robert E. Park Was (Re) Writing "The City": Biography, the Social Survey, and the Science of Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lannoy, Pierre

    2004-01-01

    Sociological production is a situated and embodied activity carried out by individuals inserted in actual social relations. Considering that this feature has an influence upon the content of scholarly literature and that it can be revealed in the scientific text itself, I propound a new interpretation of the writing process of Robert E. Park's…

  16. Mapping a Space of Biography: Karl Triebold and the Waldschule of Senne I-Bielefeld (c.1923-1939)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thyssen, Geert

    2012-01-01

    Starting from a "life geography" of Karl Triebold, a leading figure in open-air education, this article provides an understanding of the seemingly ordinary but still idiosyncratic development of a German open-air school. Triebold's life's work, the fight against tuberculosis, conceived as character education through healthy occupation,…

  17. Francisco Javier Balmaseda Jullien (1823-1907: Biografía - Francisco Javier Balmaseda Jullien (1823-1907: Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silveira Prado, Enrique A.:

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEs objetivo del presente trabajo hacer un análisis de la obra de Francisco Javier Balmaseda Jullien (1823-1907, una de las figuras más relevantes y representativas de la intelectualidad remediana ⎯Remedios, municipio de la provincia de Villa Clara⎯ y cubana del siglo XIX, para que junto a las facetas de escritor, periodista, poeta y hombre social, también se le considere como precursor de la ganadería y de las investigaciones sobre ésta en Cuba.SummaryThe objective of the present work is to make an analysis of the work of Francisco Javier Balmaseda Jullien (1823-1907, one of the most excellent and representative figures of the intellectuality of Remedios ⎯municipality of the province of Villa Clara⎯ and Cuban of XIX century, so that next to the facets of writer, journalist, poet and social man, he can also be considered as precursor of livestock and the investigations on this one in Cuba.

  18. ["I believe you have created a new type of biography ... ". K. R. Eissler's letters to Wolfgang Hildesheimer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchholz, Hartmut

    2010-01-01

    These letters, hitherto unpublished except for two and archived in Hildesheimer's estate, were mainly written in 1977/78. They are reactions to Hildesheimer's book about Mozart (1977), centering on two topics: Mozart's relation to his "Bäsle" (female cousin) and their different estimation of The Magic Flute. Eissler emerges as a Mozart connoisseur, "being in love" with the libretto of The Magic Flute which he defends against Hildesheimer. His preoccupation with this opera is testified by a set of manuscripts which are also discussed in this paper. The two writers concurred in their understanding of genius, both of its incommensurable nature and its psychopathology.

  19. Quentin Tarantino's Biography and Filmography%昆廷·塔兰蒂诺生平与创作年表

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴辉

    2002-01-01

    1963年3月27日,昆廷·塔兰蒂诺(Quentin Tarantino)出生在美国田纳西州东部的诺克斯维市。当时,他的母亲康妮才l6岁,是护校的学生;父亲托尼刚刚21岁,是一名法律大学生,并有志当演员。昆廷这个名字本身就与电影有关,是他母亲根据博特·瑞诺兹(Burt Reynolds)的影片《冒烟的枪》(Gunsmoke)里的主人公奎因特(Quint)起的。昆廷2岁时,举家搬到洛杉矶南部,那里留下了昆廷成长的足迹。

  20. Compilation of Biographies of Qing History%清史传记编写的几个问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘振平

    2008-01-01

    @@ 如果从2004年立项工作开始来计算,新修人物传记的编写已进行了第四个年头.四年工作中遇到的种种问题,促使我们不断探索与思考,以期深化对纂修清史传记的认识.

  1. 转基因生物和食品安全%Transformation Gene Biography and Food Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛达元

    2003-01-01

    首先我讲一下转基因生物的一些概念。什么叫转基因生物?在联合国公约《生物安全议定书》上,他们一般称做“改性活生物体“。就是Living modified organisms,或者简称叫LMOs,或者叫“遗传饰变生物”genetically modified organisms,GMOs这个名称。他们讲LMOs或者GMOs是什么呢?就是指凭现代生物技术获得的遗传材料新异组合的活生物体。

  2. "Is English Also the Place Where I Belong?": Linguistic Biographies and Expanding Communicative Repertoires in Central Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zentz, Lauren

    2015-01-01

    This article employs the term "communicative repertoire" in order to highlight that when one learns any new "language", one introduces new communicative resources into a unified communicative repertoire. As repertoires represent such singular "grammars" in individuals' minds, learned communicative resources can…

  3. SEG international exposition and sixty-fourth annual meeting -- 1994 Technical program: Expanded abstracts with authors` biographies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The papers presented at the meeting are arranged into the following sections: Borehole geophysics; Computing techniques; Development and production geophysics; Electromagnetics; Gravity and magnetics; Interpretation methods and case histories; Mining geophysics; Near-surface geophysics; Poster presentations; Seismic acquisition; Seismic inversion; Seismic lithology; Seismic modeling and migration; Seismic processing; and a workshop on Seismic data acquisition and processing in mountainous thrust areas. 266 papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  4. A natural history of an environmentalist : identifying influences on pro-sustainability behavior through biography and autoethnography

    OpenAIRE

    Manolas, Evangelos; Hockey, John; Littledyke, Michael

    2013-01-01

    "In diesem Beitrag wird ein autoethnografischer und biografischer Ansatz genutzt, um Faktoren zu identifizieren, die für nachhaltiges Verhalten, hier verstanden als Umweltaktivismus, relevant sind. In die Analyse wurden umweltbezogene, soziokulturelle, politische und ökonomische Kategorien, die jeweils Affekte und Kognitionen beeinflussen, einbezogen. Obwohl diese Kategorien aufs Engste verwoben sind, wurden sie für Analysezwecke sequenziell bearbeitet. Die verwandte Forschungsmethodologie er...

  5. A Natural History of an Environmentalist: Identifying Influences on Pro-sustainability Behavior Through Biography and Autoethnography

    OpenAIRE

    Evangelos Manolas; John Hockey; Michael Littledyke

    2013-01-01

    This natural history of an environmentalist uses autoethnography through biographical interview to investigate the contextual analysis of influences affecting active pro-sustainability behavior, which is interpreted as environmentalism. Education for sustainability categories of environmental, socio-cultural, political and economic factors were used to identify factors that interact to influence affective and cognitive domains, which affect environmentalist behavior. These influences in reali...

  6. Fredrik Barth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Mikkel

    2015-01-01

    Anmeldelse af : Fredrik Barth: An Intellectual Biography / by Thomas Hylland Eriksen. Pluto Press 2015.......Anmeldelse af : Fredrik Barth: An Intellectual Biography / by Thomas Hylland Eriksen. Pluto Press 2015....

  7. A composer’s inner biography a sketch for the study of influences in Ljubica Marić’s oeuvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melita Milin

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Attempting to investigate works of music through frank examination of possible influences is a delicate thing, sometimes maybe dangerous - as has been suggested by Jonathan Cross in his book, The Stravinsky Legacy. While the originality of a composer may appear to be threatened with such types of critique, for musicologists it is important to draw upon a deeper appreciation for how a composer searched for his/her own creative voice. The music of Ljubica Marić (1909-2003, one of the most important Serbian composers of the 20th century, has been chosen to demonstrate how composers need different influences during different phases of their maturation and how they deeply integrate them in order to create an individual utterance. Ljubica Marić first studied composition with Josip Slavenski at the Belgrade Music School (1925-29, and continued her studies with Josef Suk at the Master School of the Prague Conservatory (1929-32 where she obtained her diploma. Finally, she took Alois Hába’s course in quarter-tone music at the same institution from 1936 to 1937. The works she composed during the 1930’s were characterized by a radical will to break ties with traditional, mainly romantic music, so she chose to be influenced by the free atonal pre-dodecaphonic works of Arnold Schoenberg. Following World War II, she introduced some changes of expression that were more in keeping with links from the past. Her music became tonally stabilized, and thematic-motivational developments were rediscovered, resulting in an expression that became milder. But the changes need not necessarily be linked exclusively to the post-war climate of socialist realism. Rather, the previous style may have met up with some type of impasse - the sort that confounds or ultimately transforms an artist. For Ljubica Marić, however, it appears she was never truly satisfied with her first post-war works (1945-1950. What is certain is that she composed nothing during the several years that preceded her first masterpiece, the cantata The Songs of Space (1956. It is however worth examining whether or not they were really "dry years". It is certain that for Ljubica Marić, they were fresh discoveries of Serbian traditional singing, both folk and church, poetic and artistic treasures of the Middle Ages - but she also revived earlier experiences (from the pre-war decade that she had rejected at the time, mainly the music of Stravinsky, Bartók and Slavenski. Although those influences can be detected in the score of The Songs of Space, the work has a strong individual imprint, an identity of its own. In the works that followed, The Passacaglia for orchestra and in several compositions belonging to the cycle Musica octoicha (Octoicha 1, The Byzantine Concerto, Ostinato super thema octoicha, The Threshold of Dreams original traits of Ljubica Marić’s poetics became even more pronounced. The last works that she produced (in the 1980’s and 1990’s are all for instrumental soloists or chamber ensembles. They continue with, and refine the main characteristics of the earlier ones. Ljubica Marić’s evolvement thus presents a search for originality of expression that was reached only after a process of selective assimilation and creative transformation of tradition had been fulfilled - but not until any "anxiety of influences" had been abandoned. It has been shown that Ljubica Marić, like other artists needed to be ready to be influenced, in order to absorb such influences in a creative way.

  8. «Leaving aside Dante’s verses»?: A guided tour through the Studies, combining Texts, Biography and Documents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Milani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the role that the documents gathered in the Codice diplomatico dantesco had in Dante’s studies in the last century. The survey is divided into three phases, the first focused on the centenary of 1921 and the figure of Michele Barbi; the second phase, which was dominated by Gianfranco Contini, is located around the centenary of the poet’s death in 1965; the last one is focused on most recent studies. The interest of the scholars for the documents has been discontinuous; multiple factors influenced the turns in the scholars’ attitudes, including the relations of the various fields of research and the often conflictual dialogue between the various generations of specialists. Starting from the new interest in the documentary sources that emerged in the most recent phase, the authors calls for a new approach to the documents exploiting new tools, thus avoiding too much interference between the proper study of the documents and the self-narration Dante often offers in his writings.

  9. The cultural biography of a street. Memory, cultural heritage and historical notion of the Visserstraat in Breda, the Netherlands (1200-2000)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hupperetz, W.; Kolen, J.; Renes, J.; Hermans, R.

    2015-01-01

    Presented in this article is a scheduling principle that can be used to improve the practicalapproach to cultural history. In short, it means operationalising the three time levels of Fernand Braudel to form a conceptual-historical approach. The wealth of historical-culturaldata can thus be arranged

  10. Discussion the Tragic Fate of"Shihchi Biographies of Cruel Officials"%《史记·酷吏列传》悲剧意蕴刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毋军保

    2016-01-01

    Throughout the"ShihchiBiographiesofCruelOfficials", the tragic fate of the cruel officials is di⁃rectly related to the imperial power. Giving up a rook to save the king, punishing severely,fickle and lack of kindness and murdering a person with a borrowed knife of emperor had caused a variety of tragic fate of the cru⁃el officials.The fate of the tragic is due to the emperor is the master of the cruel officials’fate; On the other hand, cruel officials in law enforcement process have damaged to the interests of every class, each class tried to kill them;Moreover, cruel officials has been played favouritism and commited irregularities and knowingly vio⁃lated the law.%综观《史记·酷吏列传》,酷吏的悲剧命运多与皇权有直接关系,皇帝的舍车保帅、严惩不贷、薄情寡恩和借刀杀人造成了酷吏多样化的悲剧类型。其命运的悲剧性一方面是由于君主是酷吏命运的实际掌控者;另一方面,酷吏在执法过程中损害了各阶级的利益,各阶级欲除之而后快;再者,酷吏自身暴酷寡情、舞文巧诋。以上三个方面共同造成了酷吏难以善终的悲剧命运。

  11. Gender, the City and the Politics of Schooling: Towards a Collective Biography of Women "Doing Good" as Public Moralists in Victorian London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jane

    2005-01-01

    This article tells the stories of four middle class, white, English women whose participation in educational policy making is little known: Annie Leigh Browne (1851-1936), Margaret MacDonald (1870-1911), Hilda Miall-Smith (born 1861) and Honnor Morten (1861-1913). In doing so, it provides a perspective on the circumstances that enabled or…

  12. Biografia coletiva, engajamento e memória: a miséria do mundo Collective biography, commitment and memory: the weight of the world

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho procura relacionar a proposta de biografia coletiva de Pierre Bourdieu e suas possibilidades teóricas com a questão histórica do "engajamento" político dos cientistas, o que acaba por nos inserir no debate sobre o que é um intelectual, tema caro a muitos autores. Como exemplo polêmico, a forma elaborada desse engajamento por Pierre Bourdieu, em seu livro A miséria do mundo, é debatida neste artigo. Por fim, o interesse foi elaborar, à luz dessas ideias, uma proposta coerente de ...

  13. 《史记》表世家列传考校%A Textual Research of Chronological Table,Aristocratic Family and Collected Biographies of Historical Records

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴昱昊

    2013-01-01

    日本学者水泽利忠《史记会注考证校补》中很多材料可以订正今本《史记》.该文以中华书局点校本《史记》为底本,吸收《校补》的相关成果,参考相关文献,对表、世家、列传部分的正文进行考校,以期有助于《史记》的校勘研究和《史记会注考证校补》的整理.

  14. 论《列女传·母仪传》早期教育故事%On Early Education Stories of "The Collected Biographies for Women"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王子今

    2009-01-01

    成书于汉代的是中国最早的妇女史专著.敦煌汉简可见"分列女传书"简文,如果释文不误,可以说明这部著作传播的广泛.中中编辑的一组"教训""子孙"的故事,体现出重要的历史文化意义."邹孟轲母"教子事迹,是中最具亮点的故事.其中也有涉及孟轲"既妻"即"处齐"时事,而我们更为关注的,是有关"孟子之少也"时的教育方式.早期教育主题由礼仪向道德的转变,反映了成书前后鲜明的时代文化特征.考察汉代教育史,确实可以看到相应的例证.而东汉以后家庭中母亲主持的早期教育偏重文化偏重理论的倾向的出现,也是值得我们特别注意的.早期教育故事给我们认识汉代妇女的地位和儿童的生活提供了有意义的信息.讨论教育史、家庭教育史、妇女史和未成年人生活史,不应忽略中举示的以女子为主体的家庭早期教育典范.

  15. 论《文心雕龙·史传》的史评特色%Historical Criticism in Historical Biographies of Wen Xin Diao Long

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪利锋

    2000-01-01

    《文心雕龙》是我国古代第一部系统评述文学理论的宏伟巨著.其中的《史传》篇雕镌史籍,探究史理,关于史体评论、史评准则、史才理论等对后世史学影响较大.

  16. [A short biography of Paul Bonét-Maury (1900-1972) or parallel lives of a pharmacist: researcher and judoka].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grognet, Jean-Marc

    2015-12-01

    Pharmacist by training, doctor in sciences and student of Marie Curie, he will be between 1925 and 1965 one of the pioneers of radiobiology, science of the study of the interaction between ionizing radiations and living matter. He will be the initiator of the teaching on the use of radioelements in medicine and pharmacy. At the same time as he develops a scientific work of international level, he makes a commitment prematurely in the judo of which he will be one of the first four French black belts. He founds in 1946 the French Federation of this sport of which he will be president until 1956, year from which he becomes a general secretary of the International Federation of Judo until 1971.

  17. Education biographies from the science pipeline: An analysis of Latino/a student perspectives on ethnic and gender identity in higher education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lujan, Vanessa Beth

    This study is a qualitative narrative analysis on the importance and relevance of the ethnic and gender identities of 17 Latino/a (Hispanic) college students in the biological sciences. This research study asks the question of how one's higher education experience within the science pipeline shapes an individual's direction of study, attitudes toward science, and cultural/ethnic and gender identity development. By understanding the ideologies of these students, we are able to better comprehend the world-makings that these students bring with them to the learning process in the sciences. Informed by life history narrative analysis, this study examines Latino/as and their persisting involvement within the science pipeline in higher education and is based on qualitative observations and interviews of student perspectives on the importance of the college science experience on their ethnic identity and gender identity. The findings in this study show the multiple interrelationships from both Latino male and Latina female narratives, separate and intersecting, to reveal the complexities of the Latino/a group experience in college science. By understanding from a student perspective how the science pipeline affects one's cultural, ethnic, or gender identity, we can create a thought-provoking discussion on why and how underrepresented student populations persist in the science pipeline in higher education. The conditions created in the science pipeline and how they affect Latino/a undergraduate pathways may further be used to understand and improve the quality of the undergraduate learning experience.

  18. God’s Mercy is Not Limited to Arabic Speakers: Reading Intellectual Biography of Muhammad Salih Darat and His Pegon Islamic Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saiful Umam

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Muhammad Salih Darat is a Javanese ulama who is known for his Pegon Islamic texts—texts on Islamic knowledge written in Arabic script but using Javanese language. He did that after he learned various branches of Islamic knowledge with a number of respected ulama both in Java and Mecca. The significance of his works lay not only on the fact that he delineates Islamic knowledge of theology (tawḥīd, Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh, Islamic mysticism (taṣawwuf and exegesis of the Qur’an (tafsīr in local Javanese language but also on his insistence and defense that such texts are as authoritative as Arabic ones. Salih argues that to be a good Muslim and to receive God’s mercy is not conditional on one’s ability to speak and understand Arabic but on one’s observance of religious obligations with sufficient knowledge that one acquires from authoritative Islamic texts in any language.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i2.388 

  19. Detection of IMBHs with ground-based gravitational wave observatories: A biography of a binary of black holes, from birth to death

    CERN Document Server

    Amaro-Seoane, Pau

    2009-01-01

    Even though the existence of intermediate-mass black holes has not yet been corroborated observationally, these objects are of high interest for astrophysics. Our understanding of formation and evolution of supermassive black holes (SMBHs), as well as galaxy evolution modeling and cosmography would dramatically change if an IMBH was observed. The prospect of detection and, possibly, observation and characterization of an IMBH has good chances in lower-frequency gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics with ground-based detectors such as LIGO, Virgo and the future Einstein Telescope (ET). We present an analysis of the signal of a system of a binary of IMBHs based on a waveform model obtained with numerical relativity simulations coupled with post-Newtonian calculations at the highest available order so as to extend the waveform to lower frequencies. We find that initial LIGO and Virgo are in the position of detecting IMBHs with a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of $\\sim 10$ for systems with total mass between 100 and ...

  20. A short biography of Hubert Ludwig and a note on the publication dates of his monograph Die Seewalzen (1889-1892).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Mike

    2015-12-03

    The dates of publication of Hubert Ludwig's (1852-1913) comprehensive monograph Die Seewalzen [= Sea cucumbers] are reviewed. The precise publication dates of his volume, originally published in 16 fascicles and 8 parts/issues, delivered between 1889 and 1892, has been re-examined. Additionally, a short biographical note on Hubert Ludwig's life and a discussion of all new taxa introduced by him in his monograph is given.

  1. The political evolution and the legal framework during the Civil War. Scarcity of monographs and a proliferation of biographies and witness accounts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier GARCÍA FERNÁNDEZ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the literature relating to the organisation of the Republican State and the State in the rebel area during the Spanish Civil War. We identify in both cases the works relating to the organs of the State at the international, national and local levels. Literature concerning official repression in the Republican and rebel areas is included as well. We have also added analyses of the more relevant political events, ideological trends, main political parties and singular political groups in both areas.

  2. The Compiling and Emendation of The Biography of the Famous People in Zhengshi Period%《正始名士传》辑校

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正辉

    2009-01-01

    晋袁宏三卷,上卷曰,中卷曰,下卷曰.盖佚于元.是书尚无辑本,今从刘孝标注、郦道元、、李善注、诸书,采得佚文三十节,事涉十七人,分卷仍原书之旧.并考佚文史实、文字之正误.

  3. 《富兰克林自传》的新传记特征体现%The New Biography Features Reflected in "The autobiography of Benjamin Franklin"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯恩蕊

    2015-01-01

    传记文学在20世纪初注入了新的血液与希望,此时的新传记掀起了传记领域里的第一次经典化浪潮,并确立了新传记“三板斧”.事实上,19世纪的《富兰克林自传》也体现着新传记的特征,本文将从“三板斧”这一理论对这一文本进行重新解读,从而更加深刻刻画富兰克林的人格的伟大与成功秘诀,以及传记文学的经典化进程.

  4. Anti-Biography Writing of Vargas Llosa: Deconstruction of Truth%巴尔加斯·略萨的反传记书写:解构真实

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琼; 黄德志

    2013-01-01

    后现代主义试图通过在纪实材料中融合自我指涉的手法去书写历史,因此在传记文学中历史范畴和文学范畴之间的界线消退.巴尔加斯·略萨的“写实性”早已万众瞩目,他在后期创作中频繁涉及传记题材,将历史元素、个人传记和虚构成分于其中交融一体.传记性小说和小说型传记手法是对现实主义文本的结构创新.

  5. New Biography of Lei Feng's Descendant--Information in "Lei Feng Team"%雷锋传人新传--"雷锋班"见闻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘一力

    2003-01-01

    @@ 40年前的1月,沈阳军区司令员陈锡联上将,用他那洪钟般的声音宣读了中华人民共和国国防部命令: 批准命名雷锋生前所在的3317部队运输连四班为"雷锋班".

  6. 《宋史·高宗纪》补正%Supplementary notes on History of Song Dynasty · Biography of Gao Zong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒仁辉

    1999-01-01

    @@ 《宋史》之《高宗纪》系元朝史官主要根据南宋《中兴四朝国史》的本纪部分编写而成的,具有很高的史料价值.然而,由于《宋史》作者的失误及流传过程中的原因,其中存在的错误也不容忽视.

  7. Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomic physicist and messenger of culture 1868-1951. A biography; Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomphysiker und Kulturbote 1868-1951. Eine Biografie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckert, Michael

    2013-09-01

    Arnold Sommerfeld is beside Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and Max Planck one of the founders of modern atomic and quantum theory. His career began in the 1890th years at the University of Goettingen, the world center of mathematics of that time. Since 1906 he created on the professorship for theoretical physics at the Munich university one of the most important schools of science, the students of which are well-known theorists of the atomic era like as the Nobel-price winners Hans Bethe, Peter Debye, Wolfgang Pauli, and Werner Heisenberg. He also developed far beyond his subject an unprecedented impact. He travelled as ''messenger of culture'' in many countries in order to advertise in the years after the first world war for the reputation of Germany as culture nation. By the nationalsocialism the Munich ''nursery of theoretical physics'' however was prepared an inglorious end, because Sommerfeld counted for a ''main propagandist of Jewish theories''. By the example of this life of a physicist also the eventful history of a whole subject.

  8. The History of the Foundation of the Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service in 1974 and the Biography of its Founder; Professor Fereydoun Ala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi, Mohammad Hossein; Nayernouri, Touraj; Bahadori, Moslem

    2015-06-01

    The history of early attempts of blood transfusion in Iran traces back to the 1940s; however, around three decades later in 1974, the Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service (Sazeman-e Melli-e Enteqal-e Khun-e Iran) was founded by the outstanding hematologist, Professor Fereydoun Ala. The main goals of this centralized organization were to collect blood from healthy voluntary donors, to screen the donated blood and to provide various safe blood products based on scientific and ethical standards. In due course, a new era of blood transfusion service in Iran had begun to such a degree that after more than four decades of its activity, it is now considered the best-developed blood service in the eastern Mediterranean region. Here, a brief historical account of the early blood transfusion efforts and the establishment of the modern Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service in Iran is discussed in addition to the life and career of its founder and first director, Professor Fereydoun Ala.

  9. 用诗歌见证历史--蒲风在厦门的日子%Using Peotry to Witness History(Biography)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成戎

    2005-01-01

    @@ 初识向往已久的地方 1937年1月,中国大地处在一片"山雨欲来"之中.蒲风在福州二中(原福建学院附属中学)教完了最后一学期,决定把下学期的位置留给雷石榆,自己则开始打点行装准备回广东汕头老家.

  10. Several Relationships in Biographies of the Figures of CPC History%党史人物传记中的几个关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金冲及

    2008-01-01

    @@ 写党史人物传记,主体是写人,是要写出一个活生生的、有血有肉的人一生中的经历和发展过程.通过这些,使人了解他的生平业绩,看到他和其他人有所不同的特点和个性.

  11. Scientist within You, Vol. 1: Experiments and Biographies of Distinguished Women in Science. Instructor's Guide for Use with Students Ages 8-13. Second Edition, Completely Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Rebecca Lowe; Thompson, Mary H.

    This book highlights women's achievements in science and mathematics from the first century A.D. to the present. Included are paleontologists, geologists, astronomers, mathematicians, chemists, botanists, biologists, engineers, physicians entomologists, and atomic physicists. Their noteworthy accomplishments are translated to students through…

  12. 论茨威格的传记文学作品《三大师》%On Stefan Zweig's Biography Three Masters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣

    2010-01-01

    茨威格开始于第一次世界大战前、历经十年之久于1920年完成的传记文学作品,在其创作中占有很重要的地位,它不仅有助于我们了解茨威格的理想信念,理解其文学主张与艺术风格的变化,更是我们理解他的传记文学创作特色的必读之作.

  13. 茨威格文学传记与精神分析学说%On Stefan Zweig's Literary Biography and Psychoanalysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣

    2009-01-01

    茨威格和许多心理学家一样,对心理学和心理分析有浓厚的兴趣和特殊的偏好,加之在当时那个特殊时代受到弗洛伊德学说的影响,在其传记文学中明显表现出对弗洛伊德精神分析学说和心理分析方法的借鉴.

  14. On the Art Characteristics of Zweig's Biography Literature%论茨威格传记文学的艺术特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣

    2010-01-01

    茨威格基于自己的和平主义理想、人道主义情怀和世界公民信念,并受其历史观和传记文学主张的影响,形成了独具特色的传记文学风格.其传记文学主要的艺术特色表现在四个方面:鲜明而突出的心理分析,对比手法的成功使用,简洁传神的肖像描写,以古观今、借古讽今.

  15. Archetypical Traits of Kaspar Hauser’s Biography in Halyna Pahutiak’s Fairy-Tale “The Escape of Animals, or The New Bestiary”

    OpenAIRE

    Bokshan, Halyna

    2016-01-01

    The article analyzes the semantics of the archetype of „the noble savage” embodied in the image of Kaspar Hauser from the fairy-tale „The Escape of the Animals, or the New Bestiary” by Halyna Pahutiak. It looks at such features of this archetype as moral innocence, inborn kindness, harmonious relationships with nature, intentions to restore the lost order of the Universe. The article details the semantics of damaging influences of the civilization which prevent a person from realizing his or ...

  16. Gaston Bachelard e a biografia: o caso “lautréamont” = Gaston Bachelard and biography: the case “lautréamont”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voigt, André Fabiano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende estabelecer um debate a partir da análise que o filósofo Gaston Bachelard faz da obra de Lautréamont. Neste estudo, encontram-se elementos para questionar os mecanismos empregados por historiadores, biógrafos e críticos literários a respeito da relação entre autor, obra e biografia

  17. Appreciation of the Art Features of Biography of Beethoven%罗曼·罗兰《贝多芬传》艺术特色评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段圣玉

    2001-01-01

    是法国传记大师罗曼·罗兰的代表作之一,是罗曼·罗兰追求人类进步与和谐的博爱心胸中吟咏出的一支歌,这部具有丰厚思想性与旺盛生命力的经典之作,以其特有的激越的旋律震撼了世界,让不同民族不同时代的读者得以沐浴音乐大师神圣的福佑与烛照.

  18. Humor As a Weapon in Virginia Woolf's "Orlando."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackett, Robin

    Virginia Woolf's "Orlando" is an excellent example of mock biography to use in literature classes concerned with analyzing literary genres. Woolf used humor to undermine some conventions of the genre of biography and to reform biography into a shape adequate to express the life of Vita Sackville-West. An ordinary biography most likely…

  19. The Emotional Tendency in the Collected Biographies of Historical Records Based on Biography of General Li%论《史记》列传中的情感倾向 ——以《李将军列传》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴均禄

    2016-01-01

    李广与匈奴战斗一生却没有封侯,使得两千年来的史家对此不胜惋惜,民间也无数惆怅和愤愤不平.究其缘由,李广军功达不到封侯标准是根本原因,他治军不严、才能不足是主观原因,然而司马迁有不可推卸的责任.司马迁塑造了英勇善战、与部下同甘苦的悲剧英雄李广,人们读后不禁为李广及其家族的悲惨命运唏嘘不已.文章从司马迁撰写《李将军列传》的目的、原因出发,探寻司马迁与"李广难封"的关系.

  20. 《魏书》《北史》之《韩麒麟传》附《显宗传》所引《庄子》文字考辨%Textual Research on the Characters of Zhuang zi in Biography of Han Qilin With Biography of Xianzong attached in the Historical Record of Wei Dynasty and the Historical Record of Northern Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高华平

    2002-01-01

    中引用有一段与今本存在差异的文字,从文献学渊源来看,它应属于未经郭象删节的五十二篇本庄子中的内容;而根据有关文献记载和近代以来学者们的考辩,此段文字应出于今天已经佚失的.

  1. Deafness as Conflict and Conflict Component

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuer, Christopher Jon

    2007-01-01

    Writers of D/deaf autobiographies or biographies face something of a dilemma when incorporating deafness into the stories they tell. This includes writers of D/deaf fiction because many such works are based on the same personal experiences from which autobiographies and biographies are derived. At heart, autobiographies and biographies are merely…

  2. 'Microgeschiedenis als inspiratiebron voor biografisch onderzoek'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme

    2014-01-01

    The editors of 'Theoretical discussions of biography' are very sceptical about the scientific merits of the genre of Life Writing. They prefer a rapprochement between Biography, based on written sources, and Ginzburgian microhistory. One of their key arguments is that micro history and biography are

  3. 大彬行止录--明代紫砂壶大师时大彬评传%A Critical Biography of Shi Dabin--a Master of Purple-clay Teapot in the Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Shi Dabin is a representative of the acme of purple-clay teapot development in the late Ming dynasty. The creative transformation and development achieved by him of purple-clay techniques, teapot shape and other respects, which made the art of purple-clay teapot unprecedentedly influential at his time, were decisive in promoting the appreciation of purple-clay teapots by more and more intel ectuals. His travel to Loudong is not only a turning point in his teapot-making career, but also a milestone in the history of purple-clay art. As for Xu Yinglei’s On Shi Dabin, an essay written in Dabin’s time and quite controversial due to its criticism of Shi, is an important and valuable access for us to a deep understanding of him and his art.%  时大彬是晚明一代紫砂壶艺术发展巅峰时期的代表性人物,正是他在紫砂工艺上与砂壶艺术造型等方面进行创造性的变革与开拓,使得紫砂壶艺术在那个时代获得了空前的影响,并在紫砂壶审美文人化的道路上迈出了决定性的一步。其娄东之游不仅是他个人制壶生涯中一件极为重要的转折点,在紫砂艺术史上也具有重要的里程碑作用,而徐应雷《书时大彬事》一文因对时大彬形象的贬抑而颇具争议性,但它作为一篇写于大彬同时代的文献文本,却对我们深度理解时大彬其人其艺提供了不可多得的重要途径。

  4. 居住在多维世界中--第四届国际传记研讨会述评%Inhaiting Multiple Worlds - Survey of The 4th International Auto/Biography Association Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李战子

    2004-01-01

    @@ 第四届国际传记研讨会于2004年3月14至18日在香港中文大学英语系召开,来自世界各地的70多位学者参加了会议.本次会议的议题是"居住在多维世界中--(反)全球化时代的传记",由于在香港这个多元文化地区召开,会议的议题似乎格外贴切,具体的议题涉及到移民的自我、散居的自我,尤其是散居的中国人;作为自传和传记的旅行写作,包括日记和书信等;电子自我和在线的全球化身份;全球化媒体--电影、录像、电视、网络和身份构建;以及多语的(multilingual)自我等等,可谓丰富多彩.

  5. Reading notes of The collected biographies of South Man and Southwest Yi in the LaterHan Dynasty%读《后汉书·南蛮西南夷列传》札记

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文光; 翟国强

    2004-01-01

    本文认为,中的板螲蛮非巴郡南郡蛮,而是氐羌民族;中的南蛮,亦有多重含义,首先是泛称,其次专指某郡县的少数民族.从民族识别的角度看,分别为现代苗、瑶、壮、侗、土家等民族的先民.还从民族关系、政治制度、民族融合等角度论述了将"南蛮"与"西南夷"合传的原因.

  6. See the productive and managerial ideas of Sima- qian from Huozhi collected biographies%从《货殖列传》看司马迁的生产经营思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文明

    2003-01-01

    司马迁的中有着丰富的经济思想.司马迁以不同于历代封建统治者的眼光为人们的逐利求富活动进行辩护,特别是他对生产经营过程中的一些问题进行了分析和探讨,提出了许多宝贵的生产经营思想.这些思想在当时是难能可贵的,在今天仍有着积极的借鉴意义.

  7. New Discrimination on the Wrong Arrangement in"QuYuan's Collected Biography"and the Time of Producing "Li shao"%《屈原列传》的错排与《离骚》的写作年代

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱玉趾

    2003-01-01

    有段落排列错误,其"屈平疾王听之不聪"一段(273字),应移至"长子顷襄王立……岂是福哉"一段之后.作于顷襄王初年.错排段落的发现及改正将为屈原生平及其作品研究扫清诸多障碍,拓展出宽广坚实的道路.

  8. Collective Biographies of Scholars of the National Library of Peiping%国立北平图书馆学者传略:张宗祥 徐森玉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦树安

    2002-01-01

    @@ 张宗祥 张宗祥(1882-1965)初名思曾,字阆声,别号冷僧.浙江海宁人.晚清举人,隐居不仕.先在硖石开智学堂、桐乡桐溪学堂、秀水学堂以及嘉兴府中学、杭州府中学任教.

  9. 读《史记·货殖列传》札记三篇%Reading Notes of Records of the Historian: Collected Biographies of the Commercial and Industrial Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李埏

    2000-01-01

    札记一:和均有子贡传,唯不尽同.前者是表彰货殖家之贤而富者,后者意在尊孔,所以对子贡传加以更改.札记二:中"椎埋"一词凡两见,其一是指货殖家"取与以时"牟利致富,与椎埋不相干,当为"推移"二字之误.札记三:中"权利"一词在汉朝是盐铁的同义语.

  10. Merton's Thesis for the Doctorate: Establishment of collective biography method and content analytical method%默顿博士论文:集体传记方法和内容分析方法的确立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成海; 袁建新; 王凯成

    2007-01-01

    在博士论文中,默顿将科学作为一种社会体制,并运用集体传记方法和内容分析方法对其进行解读,开创了一种新的理解科学的范式.但是,这两种方法是源于其他学科的,默顿是如何将它们从别处转移并最终成功地运用于科学社会学的?或更一步说,默顿博士论文的基本研究方法是如何确立的?截至目前,尚未见有关于这个问题的文章发表.文章旨在回答这个问题.

  11. The Contrasts of Characters in "Shiji: General Li's Collected Biography"%《史记·李将军列传》当中的人物对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王福栋

    2015-01-01

    《史记》非常成功地塑造了李广形象,人物对比是其中一个非常重要的人物塑造方法,本文从三个方面揭示了《李将军列传》人物对比描写的具体作用和写法.

  12. The biography of Uranium: from the Proto-solar cloud to the beginning of the oxygenic atmosphere; La biografia del Uranio. Desde la nube protosolar hast el comienzo de la atmosfera oxigenica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garzon Ruiperez, L.; Cavero Cavero, A.

    2000-07-01

    The geo-chemical properties of uranium and its materials have allowed us to consistently describe this element's characteristics in the evolution of matter from the proto-solar nebula to the formation and subsequent evolution of the Earth. The formation of the most primitive deposits is considered , and it is inferred that they were of a detrital nature. The ionizing radiations emitted by these deposits and the existence of critical episodes in them have been considered. The low concentration of O{sub 2} until some 2.4 Ga ago was the reason why uranium deposits were not widespread and why their typology and the typology of their minerals were not very diversified. Uranium evolution, deposits, minerals, radiation, criticality. (Author)

  13. Influences of mechanical exposure biographies on physical capabilities of workers from automotive industry - a study on possible dose-response relationships and consequences for short and long term job rotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rademacher, Holger; Bruder, Ralph; Sinn-Behrendt, Andrea; Landau, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a field study in production areas of a vehicle manufacturing plant, where 106 male workers (aged from 20 to 63 years) were examined and interviewed by the authors. Aim of study was to identify relationships between specific physical worker capabilities and doses of mechanical exposures using self-developed standardized questionnaires as well as a battery of work-specific tests. The dependent variables are different "physical capabilities", classified using a five-point rating scale with regard to the grade of limitation of the respective capability. Independent variables are "age" and specific "mechanical exposures". Several exposures were combined and multiplied with their respective durations in order to determine doses on three different body regions - back, shoulder-neck and upper limbs. There are significant positive correlations between "age" and "dose of mechanical exposure on back/shoulder-neck/upper limbs region". The analysis of the relationship between dose of exposure and different capabilities to lift or reposition loads (with variable weight) shows weak significant correlations for all three body regions. Data analysis shows no significant correlations between any dose of mechanical exposure and capabilities to work in awkward body postures.These results should be considered in age management programs when scheduling future employee assignments to workplaces, especially for production systems where manual handling tasks are dominant.

  14. On the Four Books Mentioned in the Prologues to Gao Shen Zhuan (Biographies of Famous Monks)%《高僧传》序录所论四本书考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘飖

    2007-01-01

    《高僧传》序录卷十四云:"沙门法济,偏叙高逸一迹.沙门法安,但列志节一行.沙门僧宝,止命游方一科.沙门法进,乃通撰传论."该文对四人及其书进行了考论.

  15. Challenges in a Qualitative Study of a Tribal Leader by a Non-Indian Researcher: How a Biography of a Tribal Leader Endures Time and a Change in Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackett, Georgia M.

    2013-01-01

    The Tribal College Movement began in the late 1960's in some of the poorest and most remote areas of the country among some of the largest and most dynamic tribal groups. Of the colleges, only one moved quickly toward university status: Sinte Gleska University, located on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation in South Dakota. Its President, Lionel…

  16. 重新校补宋刻《唐柳本尊传》碑%Castigation to The Song Dynasty Version of The Wooden Tablet of The Biography of LIU Ben-zun of The Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明光

    2006-01-01

    《柳碑》刊晚唐四川"唐瑜伽部主揔持王"柳本尊"十炼"化道始末.碑文漶甚,释史失载.碑可补史之缺,先年曾校补刊发,有误.今据新得资料,重新校补,使其更贴近历史真实.

  17. 汤斌传论--以«墓志铭»为中心的考察%The Biography of Tang Bin:the research about his Epitaph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘万华

    2014-01-01

    汤斌是清初的经济名臣与理学大儒,一生勤政爱民,廉洁刚正。政治上,能够选贤任能,兴利除弊;学术上,力行实践,摒除门户之见;生活上,艰苦自持,严律家人。故而成为清初著名的廉吏、理学家、史学家,才兼三长,著述等身。%Tang Bin is a famous minister and scholar in the early years of the Qing dynasty.He worked hard in the politics,and loved the people in his life.Politically he promoted the beneficial and abolished the harmful.Academically he practiced practice and give up forfeiting.He had hard life with self sustaining,being strict with families.All these characters made him a famous clean official,neo-Confucianism and histo-rians in Qing dynasty.He also left us life-size writings.

  18. 对居里夫人传记在中国传播的初步考察%Some Thoughts about the Communication of Biographies of Madam Curie in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 刘兵

    2007-01-01

    本文主要以居里夫人的中文传记图书为研究对象,将国内一些重点图书馆收藏的居里夫人传记的不同版本,进行了梳理和归纳,对居里夫人的136种中文传记进行了版本要素分析考察.在总体考察的基础上又对影响较大的传记进行了相对细致的个案分析.

  19. Biography teaching in middle schools and its effects on the growth of adolescents%中学传记课文教学与青少年成长教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩春萌

    2011-01-01

    传记课文是青少年思想品德教育的重要教学资源,优秀的传记作品具有鼓舞人积极奋进的作用.当前的中学语文课本中选用了不少杰出人物的传记,可以充分利用这些名人传记来进行青少年的荣辱现、人生观教育.在利用传记课文进行成长教育时,要做到课内与课外相结合,采取灵活多样的方法,对青少年加以正确的引导.

  20. 清水出芙蓉——紫砂花器大师蒋蓉艺术传略%Brief biography of Jiang Rong,a master of purple sand pottery in natural shape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何岳

    2012-01-01

    作为当代紫砂花器艺术的杰出代表,蒋蓉对紫砂花器在新时期的贡献是不可磨灭的,她从艺七十载,将毕生精力致力于紫砂花器的创新,其作品具有强烈的时代感与个人风格,继清代陈鸣远之后,将紫砂花器艺术又推向了一个高峰.

  1. High-Altitude Aggressions and Physiological Degeneration? The Biography of “Climate” as an Object of Scientific Inquiry in Colombia During the 19th and the Early 20th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Pohl-Valero

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to show the role played by experimental physiology in the way of understanding the effects of high-altitude climates on the functioning of the human body and the possibilities of progress of the Colombian nation throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Content: the transformation of the concept of climate as an object of scientific inquiry is explored over the studied period. This is done by analyzing investigations on respiratory capacity, nutrition and metabolism, blood chemistry and heart function in people of the eastern range of the Colombian Andes. Conclusions: beyond an institutional or disciplinary history of physiology, this article shows that some practices of experimental physiology played a role in the process of represent­ing the Colombian nation, territory, and population. The inhabitants of the Andean highlands were understood not only in terms of race and innate abilities, but also in terms of social classes and organic transformations. The idea that there was a supposed process of “physiological de­generation”, decreasing the efficiency of high-altitude workers, was tried to compensate through a “rational diet”.

  2. The Biography of the 5th Dalai Lama and the studies of the history of China's norhwest nationalities%《五世达赖喇嘛传》与西北民族史研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘正寅

    2004-01-01

    《五世达赖喇嘛》中有许多反映蒙古和西藏政治、文化、宗教情况的资料,是研究西藏地方史、清朝断代史、宗教史和民族史的重要著述.本文简要论述了这部自传的史料价值.

  3. Bibliography’s Biography:Rise and Fall of the British Textual Philology%新目录学派志:英国文学考据的兴起与没落

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史敬轩

    2015-01-01

    The rise of the New Bibliography at the turn of the century of British Empire is in the growth of literature’s set-up as an independent discipline in the British universities.Instead of the compiling of books titles,New Bibliography i-dentified and classified the medieval manuscripts with the printing books in order to assimilate literature study into the scientific frame,which proved not a flawless methodology.In comparison the Confucian textual study mapped by Liang Qichao in the same century may help to reconceptualize the present decline of New Bibliography whose significance still locates as a counterforce against the theoretically impressionistic tendency of literary criticism.%通过介绍以沃特·威尔逊·格雷格爵士为代表的目录派三杰,在对文学文本基本物质形态从手稿到印刷文本辨伪和考证批评的基础上,经过厘定文本讹误和四次重要的学术论战,确立了作者的神圣地位,让文学成为绝对科学化的大学学科,但新目录派最终却退出了现代西方文论思潮。观照几乎同时产生于印刷术所带来的学术分裂期的中国乾嘉派,它能够客观对待经学作者,并形成了系统的治学方法,从而稳步发展为今天的朴学大潮,在此视阈下分析并阐明新目录派无法形成体系的原因,恰在于其过分强调科学权威性而漠视了文学本身的独特因素造成的方枘圆凿,藉此提出中国治学方法借鉴于西方文论批评的可行性。

  4. 生动翔实的历史人物群像--简评《东北历史名人传》%The Vivid and Accurate Historical Figures-Revieiwng "the Biography of Historical Celebrities in The Northeast"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李治亭

    1986-01-01

    @@ 张博泉教授与丛佩远同志主编的(以下简称),最近由吉林文史出版社出版.这个近三十七万字的东北历史上著名人物的传记,恰似群星辉映,向我们展示了一幅生动而翔实的人物群像图,读来令人赏心悦目!

  5. 《清史稿·李念慈传》订误补充%The Correction and Supplement of LI Nian-ci's Biography in the History of Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春俏

    2004-01-01

    李念慈是清初诗人、画家.对其生平仅有非常简短的记述,且有明显讹误:传主之号失载、传主履历不清、历史地名错误、引用评价不当.对其生平、著述,亦有可以补充的余地.

  6. [An international medical expert committee's participation in uncovering the truth on the liquidation of Polish officers found in mass graves at Katyn in the spring of 1943 and the biography of a Danish participant, Helge Tramsen (1910-1979)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosdahl, Nils

    2008-01-01

    The article is based on a paper read as a invited speaker at a conference, entitled "Medical experts and expertise in cases of humanitarian crises "convened by the University of Geneva and the Committee of the International Red Cross in April 2007. The article starts with an overview of Polish history from the end of World War I up to the disclosure of the mass graves in the spring of 1943, but is otherwise a translation of the original English lecture with some additions from new findings.in archives. Helge tramsen was born into a bourgois family in Copenhagen. After graduation in medicine from the University of Copenhegen in 1936 he married a British woman and joined the naval medical corps and also embarked on a surgical career.. From 1940 to 1943 he was prosector at the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Copenhagen. After the finding of the mass graves at Katyn, Germany requested from a number of European countries under German control forensic experts to join an international commission to investigate the findings. As the professor of forensic medicine declined perobably due to health reasons Tramsen was sent. During the German occupation of Denmark 1940 to 1945 Tramsen according to family tradition participated in the resistance movement and he consulted with members of the more conservative part of it and was recommended to go to Germany with an added purpose of being able to transport material out of Germany. He went with special plane from Copenhagen to Berlin, where he joined the international group, which later flew to Smolensk via Warszawa. He conducted a post mortem on the body of a Polish officer, selected by himself. Following that he attended in the discussion on the final report, which later in Berlin was handed over to the German minister of health, and which later formed an important part of the official German material accusing the USSR for the killing. During his stay in Berlin he claimed to have collected material, which in his opinion was drawings of the Eder Möwe dams and brought it back to Copenhagen with the severed head of the body of the Polish officer, on which he has carried out the post mortem. After Tramsen's return to Denmark, a British agent obtained his travel report and sent it to London and he later obtained additional information from Tramsen on the unanimous and voluntary conclusion of the experts. No information on the drawings and the head can be found in British archives. According to Tramsen's own account as a naval officer on activities during the occupation, he participated in sabotage actions, but that can not be substantiated by other sources. However, he participated in July 1944 in an attach on a fortress north of Copenhagen, held by the German Navy; the attach failed, and Transen went under ground, but later returned to his flat in Copenhagen, where he was taken prisoner by German security police. As prisoner he underwent torture and was subjected to mocked execution. He was transferred to a concentration camp, but probably due to the intervention by the permanent secretary of the Danish Foreign office, which after the Danish Government has stopped functioning in August 1943 kept the administration running and retained contacts with the German occupation authorities, Tramsen was not sent to a concentration camp in Germany, where survival rates were very low, but to one in Denmark. After the German defeat in May 1945 Tramsen continued his career in surgery, but went into general practice in Copenhagen in 1947, when he also obtained a permanent position in the naval medical service., where he remained until normal retirement in 1970, in the latter part as the highest ranking medical naval officer. He also served as medical chief at the Danish hospital ship Jutlandia serving as Danish contribution to the UN off the coast of Korea during the Korean war. He also attended as representative of the Danish Ministry of Defence the conference on the revision of the Geneva Conventions. No doubt Tramsen feared Soviet retaliation, but on the other hand he also showed courage by giving evidence at the US congressional hearings in 1952, where he confirmed that there had been no German pressure on the participants, and their conclusions had been voluntary and unanimous. He also gave an interview on Radio Free Europe transmitted to Poland in 1962. in which he desribed his experiences in Katyn. In 1971 his eldest daughter died in Warsaw, offially by carbon-monoxid poisoning from a gas heater. In theory it could be an accident, homicide or suicide. He felt it could be a revenge and in his grief he felt responsible and had a nervous break down. He died from a somatic illness in 1979 and during his terminal illness he told about his experiences from the war to a nephew.

  7. The Outsider of Absurdity——Comparative Study of Albert Camus's Biography by History Horizon%直面荒谬的局外人——历史还原视域下加缪传记比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘火雄

    2013-01-01

    20世纪80-90年代以来,加缪逐步成为中国人文社科领域研究热点,随着加缪《局外人》、《鼠疫》、《西西弗神话》等作品的引进出版,论文、论著等相关研究成果数以千计,其中大多探讨加缪的文学创作、社会活动、作品艺术、哲学思想,对加缪传记的研究则相对薄弱.从编辑出版学角度出发,结合历史还原与现代阐释相关理论思路,对加缪的传记进行比较分析,既可以拓展加缪研究的路径,也有助于把握数十年来本专题研究的脉动与流变.

  8. Biografia e sua escrita: a trajetória política de Fernando do Ó (1930-1940 = Biography and it’s writing: the political path of Fernando Ó (1930-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mattos, Renan Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A trajetória de Fernando Souza do Ó, importante liderança espírita da cidade de Santa Maria no processo de organização do movimento espírita local, ao assumir a função de “propagador” da doutrina no município no contexto de 1930 a 1940, permite evidenciar os conflitos e concorrências existentes no campo religioso na Cidade de Santa Maria. Nesse sentido, em nosso estudo, partimos da preocupação de como suas ideias representaram uma estratégia de inserção para o movimento espírita na cidade de Santa Maria, e para tanto, recorremos ao conjunto de escritos do autor veiculados na imprensa leiga (Diário do Interior. Nessa lógica, o presente artigo propõe-se a discutir, tendo por referência conceitos de Campo religioso de Pierre Bourdieu e representações de Roger Chartier, questões de trajetória e biografia do personagem, de modo a refletir sobre as dificuldades empíricas acerca da produção de conhecimento histórico a partir do indivíduo. Assim, busca-se evidenciar de que forma as escolhas individuais, os projetos e lutas politicas que permitem a observação de processos, relações no fluxo temporal, trazendo o sujeito na sua historicidade, a sua compreensão de si e do mundo, possibilitando a inferência do movimento espírita em sua dimensão holística ao trazer à tona o conjunto de práticas e ideias presentes no seu interior de modo relacional ao contexto político em que se insere

  9. The Application of Grounded Theory of Memoirs and Biographies in the Management Science%回忆录与传记的扎根研究在管理学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕力

    2012-01-01

    In the application research of management science,based on presumptions,a questionnaire survey has certain orientation,but it could not reveal all the aspects of management conducts,especially those at enterprise leaders' subconscious level.The research on the grounded theory shows that memoirs and autobiographies,the completely distinctive qualitative material from questionnaire survey,are a notable source of research data.Since the data obtained from autobiographies and memoirs are far apart from those acquired from qualitative data in terms of regularity and objectivity,they can not be used in empirical studies,but are suitable for the construction of theories.The significance of memoirs and autobiographies in management studies resides in the completeness,richness,authenticity,and the non-selective feature of the material.%在管理学的应用研究中,问卷调查依据先定的假设可以具有一定的导向性,但不能揭示出管理行为的所有方面,尤其是企业领导行为的潜意识层面。通过对扎根理论研究表明:回忆录和传记作为与问卷调查完全不同的定性资料,是不可忽视的研究数据来源。由于从传记和回忆录中抽取的数据从规范性、客观性等方面还是与定量数据相距甚远,其资料不适用于实证研究,而主要适用于理论的建构过程。回忆录与传记在管理学研究中的意义在于:资料的整体性、丰富性、真实性以及无可选择性。

  10. Музика як складова біографічного тексту

    OpenAIRE

    Macenka, Svitlana

    2014-01-01

    The role of music in the biography of a musician is analyzed. The focus is on the life of famous composers interpretation via their work and the role of music in structuring, aestheticization, additional semantization of biography. It is indicated that the artist stands out in the context of his time as the center of productive gravity, thus a musician’s biography demonstrates communication of the life and creative ways, distinguishing its major milestones and at the same time emphasizing the...

  11. The Seven Sisters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Söderqvist, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Today, scientific biography is primarily thought of as a way of writing contextual history of science. But the genre has other functions as well. This article discusses seven kinds of ideal-typical subgenres of scientific biography. In addition to its mainstream function as an ancilla historiae......, respectively, commemoration. Finally, the use of scientific biography as a research (virtue) ethical genre, providing examples of 'the good life in science', is emphasized....

  12. The Enigma of Newton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, E.

    1973-01-01

    Presents a brief biography of Sir Isaac Newton, lists contemporary scientists and scientific developments and discusses Newton's optical research and conceptual position concerning the nature of light. (JR)

  13. 76 FR 25342 - Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations to the Children's Health...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ..., environmental groups, health groups, health research, epidemiology and toxicology. We are looking for experience... and a short biography describing the professional and educational qualifications of the nominee,...

  14. 75 FR 52993 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-30

    ... fingerprint images used for applicant and employee criminal history checks. 11. Department of Homeland... and Commissioners' speech and biography files. 20. Federal Mine Safety and Health Review...

  15. 78 FR 51212 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... motion pictures of non-mission activities. Proposed for permanent retention are biographies and portraits of senior officials, press releases, photographs and motion pictures of mission activities,...

  16. A "Little House" Collection: Laura Ingalls Wilder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2001-01-01

    Presents a biography of children's book author Laura Ingalls Wilder; suggests appropriate activities related to her and the historical period of her books; and includes an annotated bibliography of her books, biographies, information material, activity books, media adaptations, Web sites, biographical information, and literary criticism and adult…

  17. What's inside the Suitcases? An Investigation into the Powerful Resources Students and Lecturers Bring to Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibowitz, Brenda

    2009-01-01

    The study presents a framework for investigating the powerful resources within learners' educational biographies, which, from their own accounts, appear to influence their engagement with teaching and learning practices. The research framework stresses the material, social and cultural influences on a learner's biography and the need for…

  18. Chairman Mao, The Chinese Revolution, and the Banality of Evil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Søren

    2006-01-01

    This article surveys the new biographies on Mao Zedong that have come out in the last few years and discusses the trends of the research.......This article surveys the new biographies on Mao Zedong that have come out in the last few years and discusses the trends of the research....

  19. Commentary: Building Web Research Strategies for Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maloy, Robert W.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents web research strategies for teachers and students to use in building Dramatic Event, Historical Biography, and Influential Literature wiki pages for history/social studies learning. Dramatic Events refer to milestone or turning point moments in history. Historical Biographies and Influential Literature pages feature…

  20. Living Proof: What Helen Keller, Marilyn Monroe, and Marie Curie Have in Common.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saul, E. Wendy

    1986-01-01

    Examines biographies of Marie Curie written for children and discusses two types of distortions: simple misrepresentations of fact and selective retelling of the past. It is concluded that biographies of minority or female success should deal specifically with strategies used by the hero or heroine to combat prejudice. (EM)