WorldWideScience

Sample records for biography

  1. Native American Biographies. Multicultural Biographies Collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeley, Virginia, Ed.; And Others

    This book, appropriate for secondary students, includes brief biographies of 21 Native Americans of the 20th century. The biographies focus on childhood experiences, cultural heritage, and career goals. The book is divided into four units that feature Native Americans with successful careers in the fields of literature and drama; fine arts and…

  2. Freud and Literary Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellman, Richard

    1984-01-01

    Sigmund Freud's attitudes about writing biographies of authors, and the influence of Freud's work on the interpretations of creativity, are discussed in relation to biographies of and by a number of writers. It is proposed that Freud's contributions, used carefully, have served to enlighten biography. (MSE)

  3. The Paradox of Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedrick, Joan D.

    1997-01-01

    Uses the author's experience writing, "Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life," as a centerpiece for an examination of the art and craft of biography. Discusses some of the pitfalls and problems, not only in research and representation, but also in the critical reception and intended audience of a biography. (MJP)

  4. The universe a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    2008-01-01

    The Universe: A Biography makes cosmology accessible to everyone. John Gribbin navigates the latest frontiers of scientific discovery to tell us what we really know about the history of the universe. Along the way, he describes how the universe began; what the early universe looked like; how its structure developed; and what emerged to hold it all together. He describes where the elements came from; how stars and galaxies formed; and the story of how life emerged. He even looks to the future: is the history of the universe going to end with a Big Crunch or a Big Rip.

  5. Albert Einstein a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Fölsing, Albrecht

    1997-01-01

    Albert Einstein's achievements are not just milestones in the history of science; decades ago they became an integral part of the twentieth-century world in which we live. Like no other modern physicist he altered and expanded our understanding of nature. Like few other scholars, he stood fully in the public eye. In a world changing with dramatic rapidity, he embodied the role of the scientist by personal example. Albrecht Folsing, relying on previously unknown sources and letters, brings Einstein's "genius" into focus. Whereas former biographies, written in the tradition of the history of science, seem to describe a heroic Einstein who fell to earth from heaven, Folsing attempts to reconstruct Einstein's thought in the context of the state of research at the turn of the century. Thus, perhaps for the first time, Einstein's surroundings come to light.

  6. Julius Petersen 1839-1910. A Biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Jesper; Sabidussi, Gert; Toft, Bjarne

    1992-01-01

    A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics.......A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics....

  7. Wu Chien-Shiung: A brief biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Tsai-Chien

    2015-12-01

    My first encounter with professor Wu Chien-Shiung, a leading experimental physicist, 31 years ago inspired me to write her biography. I received much encouragement when planning this biography, especially from Dr. Yang Chen Ning, whose biography I wrote later. The real challenges in writing Wu's biography were finding the balance between both sides of her life and overcoming the obstacle that, unlike theoretical physicists (such as Yang), experimental physicists are inclined more to deeds than to words.

  8. Comparative Biography, English: 5113.94.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Developed for a high school quinmester unit on comparative biography, this guide provides the teacher with strategies to aid students in examining biography from "Plutarch's Lives" and Cellini's "Autobiography" to Nabokoc's "Speak, Memory." Special emphasis is placed on comparison of biographies of the same person and…

  9. Bookshelf. John Adams biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Billinge, Roy

    1993-01-01

    Full text: When John Bertram Adams died on 3 March 1984, CERN lost one of its principal architects. The late Sir John Adams was a very private person who rarely confided in his colleagues. This made the job of his biographer particularly difficult. Michael Crowley- Milling has succeeded admirably, and has performed a very important service. Is it a potted history of CERN, or the story of the building of the PS, or of the SPS? Yes, all of these, but most of all it is a thoughtful and discerning biography and a fitting tribute to a veritable giant of European science and technology. The sub-title,' Engineer Extraordinary' refers not only to John's outstanding ability as a builder of accelerators, but perhaps even more importantly, as a builder of teams and an 'engineer of opinions'. The book describes how John's attention to detail and intuitive engineering skills developed during the early part of his career, when working in radar research, and how he emerged as a natural leader in the building of the CERN PS. Then later, how his statesmanship enabled him to ''...rescue it (the 300 GeV Programme) from seeming political disaster and nurse it through technical problems to a successful conclusion.'' One crucial part of this process described is the visit to CERN in 1970 by Margaret Thatcher, at that time UK Secretary of State for Education and Science, and her subsequent letters of thanks, not only to Bernard Gregory as Director General, but also to John. It is interesting to speculate to what extent the good impression made on that occasion helped many years later, when as Prime Minister Mrs Thatcher decided that Britain should stay in CERN! After the successful commissioning of the SPS, the book goes on to describe the period when the two CERN Laboratories were merged under two Directors General. Unfortunately I found this part a little too low key, given that John and Leon van Hove presided over what was undoubtedly

  10. Biography of an Industrial Landscape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava

    Biography of an Industrial Landscape tells the story of one of the most significant urban redevelopment projects in northern Europe at the turn of the century. Examining the reinvention of the Carlsberg brewery site in Copenhagen as a city district, Svava Riesto unpacks the deeper assumptions abo...

  11. RE Rooted in Principal's Biography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Avest, Ina; Bakker, C.

    2017-01-01

    Critical incidents in the biography of principals appear to be steering in their innovative way of constructing InterReligious Education in their schools. In this contribution, the authors present the biographical narratives of 4 principals: 1 principal introducing interreligious education in a

  12. Biography. Advisory List of Instructional Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Media Evaluation Service.

    The 65 biographies reviewed in this annotated bibliography are suitable for readers in grades pre-kindergarten through 12. Full bibliographic data, appropriate grade level indication, and annotations are supplied for each entry. The names and addresses of the publishers are also provided. Biographies of women, children, authors, actors, historical…

  13. Ethical issues in ageing and biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenyon, G M

    1996-11-01

    The increasing use of biographical materials in research and intervention in the field of ageing gives rise to significant ethical issues. In this inquiry, four of these issues are explicated. First, the notion of informed consent is explored in relation to selected contexts of research and intervention in ageing and biography. Second, the issues of autonomy and competence are considered from the point of view of identifying contexts where biography is a prerequisite for ethically responsive action. The third ethical issue concerns respecting the groundrules of various biographical approaches. Finally, the notions of authenticity and truth in lifestories are explored in an attempt to clarify the limitations and expectations of ageing and biography. The discussion of these ethical issues proceeds on the basis of an argument that indicates the fundamental importance of biographical ageing or the stories we are.

  14. Engaging narratives: using language biographies to facilitate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Firstly, we analyse the design of this sociolinguistics unit within the framework of theories of narrative and multicultural education. Secondly, we analyse three language biographies produced by students in this course in terms of student learning, identity issues and sociolinguistic themes. The narratives provided an ...

  15. Peer Group, Educational Distinction and Educational Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Heinz-Hermann; Kohler, Sina-Mareen; Pfaff, Nicolle; Zschach, Maren

    2011-01-01

    The article presents selected results of a reconstructive study on the significance of the peer group for children's educational biography. Based on the analysis of qualitative interviews and group discussions with c. 11-year-old children from different educational milieus in Germany it is first shown how, in general, groups of friends in…

  16. History Through Biography? A Conceptual Research Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Robert W.

    Social studies classroom teachers can enliven high school history courses and motivate students to learn about history by using dramatic or heroic biographies in teaching history. The biographical approach centers on study of the lives, beliefs, and surroundings of historical actors. This approach differs from the "great man" theory of history in…

  17. Selected translations and analysis of "Further biographies of nuns"

    OpenAIRE

    Tho, Annlaug

    2008-01-01

    ‘Further Biographies of Nuns’ was compiled by Master Zhenhua (1908 -1947) in the 1940s and presents the biographies of 200 Buddhist nuns from the Liang Dynasty (502-557) to the Republic of China (1912-1949). This thesis presents the translation of twelve biographies from ‘Further Biographies of Nuns.’ Though the Buddhist monks of China have been a source for many biographies and studies by both Asian and Western scholars throughout history, Chinese Buddhist nuns have received little atte...

  18. Marital Biography, Social Security Receipt, and Poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, I-Fen; Brown, Susan L; Hammersmith, Anna M

    2017-01-01

    Increasingly, older adults are unmarried, which could mean a larger share is at risk of economic disadvantage. Using data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study, we chart the diverse range of marital biographies, capturing marital sequences and timing, of adults who are age eligible for Social Security and examine three indicators of economic well-being: Social Security receipt, Social Security benefit levels, and poverty status. Partnereds are disproportionately likely to receive Social Security and they enjoy relatively high Social Security benefits and very low poverty levels. Among singles, economic well-being varies by marital biography and gender. Gray divorced and never-married women face considerable economic insecurity. Their Social Security benefits are relatively low, and their poverty rates are quite high (over 25%), indicating Social Security alone is not sufficient to prevent these women from falling into poverty. By comparison, gray widoweds are the most advantaged singles.

  19. Sylvia Plath and the Dangers of Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Asotić

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available 2013 marked the 50th anniversary of the death of Sylvia Plath and was commemorated by a flurry of new publications on the life and work of the late poet. The renewed interest in Sylvia Plath also revitalized the decades-old debate on the interdependence of her poems and her biography. This paper investigates and problematizes the way in which poetry in general and the work of Sylvia Plath in particular are read and interpreted. It tries to shed some light on the “biographical fallacy” which has for so long plagued critical approaches to her work and shows ways in which S. Plath’s own poetic method differs from the method of confessional writers such as Robert Lowell, in the hope of revealing why S. Plath’s work cannot and should not be approached through the prism of her biography.

  20. Marital Biography, Social Security Receipt, and Poverty

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, I-Fen; Brown, Susan L.; Hammersmith, Anna M.

    2017-01-01

    Increasingly, older adults are unmarried, which could mean a larger share is at risk of economic disadvantage. Using data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study, we chart the diverse range of marital biographies, capturing marital sequences and timing, of adults who are age eligible for Social Security and examine three indicators of economic well-being: Social Security receipt, Social Security benefit levels, and poverty status. Partnereds are disproportionately likely to receive Social S...

  1. Modus of Artistic Biographies by M. Slaboshpytskiy

    OpenAIRE

    Chernysh, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Artistic biography as special metagenre variety is examined in the article. In basis of biographic work is a hypothesis-model of life of hero-prototype. Writer-biographer, as a rule, in biographic works uses actively by diaries, memoirs, documents, protocols, newspaper and magazine publications, public appearances, that is instrumental in working out in detail of appearance of historical epoch and appearance of artist, and also tripping of with a plot canvas of works.On the example of novels-...

  2. Philosophical biography : some problems of conceptualization

    OpenAIRE

    Polyakova, Irina

    2014-01-01

    This article considers the specificity of the genre of philosophical biography and brings to light its conceptual grounds. “Philosophical biography” is defined as an understanding of human life, which has received not only a literary but also a philosophical form of expression. It shows that philosophical biography has a variety of features, which limit the applications of chronology, rubrication and other principles of organizing in a linear manner the material of a biography. In this contex...

  3. Lev Seminovich Vygotski: Biography of a genius

    OpenAIRE

    Borovica, Tamara P.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, from the point of interpretative paradigm, we are analysing the biography of a significant scientists of the 20th century Lev Semionovich Vygotsky. Vygotski’s life story is equally significant as his scientific research, so as in his cultural-historical theory denoting the most significant social and historical moments in the period he lived in. Apart from the crisis of psychology foundation, which in the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, shakes ...

  4. Agency in the Social Biographies of Young People in Belgrade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomanovic, Smiljka

    2012-01-01

    The article deals with the formation of the social biographies of young people through the interplay of structure and agency. The aim is to provide a grounded typology of patterns of young people's agency within the process of shaping social biographies. The structural context addressed in the article consists of family resources and habitus. The…

  5. Ethnomusicological biography of the traditional folk musician: Biography of the gusle-player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lajić-Mihajlović Danka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of ethnomusicology from a comparative discipline to an anthropologically oriented science there has been an increase in the significance of the biography of folk musicians as scientific sources. The intention of the anthropological thought to accept and theoretically consider human nature as open and dynamic, has been realized in the ethnomusicological plane through the understanding of music as a product of thinking and behaviour of a particular musician in given circumstances. The concept of an artist is especially complex in the field of oral music culture, where creation and performance are connected in one person and the transferring process involves direct communication. The attempt to overcome the dichotomy of the musicological and sociological, i. e. anthropological attitude in ethnomusicology by synthesizing concepts which involve music, culture and man has brought particular importance to the relations between individual biographies and 'biographies of the collective' - relevant historical ethnological, anthropological, sociological, culturological, religion ideological and other types of data. Observations enlightening the social side of the folk musician's personality make the necessary 'frame' for the biography: from 'objective' social circumstances which modelled it to the opinion of the cultural environment about his performing. The folk musician's biography oriented towards ethnomusicology involves the result of a critical evaluation of the picture based on the emic and ethic vision autobiographical data and the observations of others, primarily researchers. The complexity of a biographical discourse in ethnomusicology can be perfectly seen in the example of the gusle-player's biography, as a genre-determined solo role in the tradition. For studying the relation between a person and a style of music expression, concerning gusle-players it is important to bear in mind the change in the profile of gusle

  6. BIOGRAPHY GENRE IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE: EUROPEAN AND BRITISH INFLUENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia V. Ivanova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the development of the genre of biography and life writing that influenced Russian biographical tradition. This tradition stems from Plutarch’s Comparative Biographies that influenced English life writing represented by such names as James Boswell, Lytton Strachey, and others. Philosophical premises of the English biography genre are to be found in the treatise Heroes, HeroWorship, and The Heroic in History (1841 by Thomas Carlyle. French tradition represented by Gaston Tissandier’s book Science Martyrs pursued the opposite aim: to honor ordinary scientists and inventors, responsible for the technical advance of the modern civilization. Wilhelm Dilthey and Georg Simmel practiced a different approach to life writing in that they conceived biography as the history of the person’s spiritual development. This conception had direct influence on the theorists of biography genre in Russia, G. O. Vinokur, and A. G. Gabrichevsky.

  7. Telling Lives in Science: Essays on Scientific Biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harman, Peter

    1997-01-01

    This collection of ten essays by historians of science, several of them biographers, is concerned with the role of scientific biography in forming conceptions of science and scientists. The essays include studies of the biographies of individual scientists, assessments of the aims and style of scientific portraits in different historical contexts, examinations of changing biographical interpretations of scientists, and much discussion of the methodological issues involved in the writing of scientific biographies. Many historians consider biography to be an ambiguous genre, its appeal based on nostalgia rather than history, with a focus on personality rather than historical context, but the biographer can reply that scientific biography reveals the practice of science at its most fundamental level. Indeed, scientific biography has provided a powerful medium in which public conceptions of science have been established. Einstein observed that 'the essential being of a man of my type lies in what he thinks and how he thinks', and his Autobiographical Notes suppress personality in favour of physics. But the biographer may see matters differently, and wish to integrate the public and the private life of the scientist. In their substantial introduction the editors discuss these and other problems, and the book is directed to the professional concerns of historians of science. While there is little here on the history of physics, Geoffrey Cantor's essay on public images of Faraday as constructed in popular biographies, a discussion of conflicting portraits of Faraday as romantic genius or hard-working slogger, may interest readers of this journal. (book review)

  8. Whey protein stories - an experiment in writing a multidisciplinary biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tenna; Bechschøft, Rasmus L.; Giacalone, Davide

    2016-01-01

    This is an experimental, dual-purpose article about whey protein and how to conduct interdisciplinary analyses and writings. On the one hand, this article is a multidisciplinary commodity biography, which consists of five descriptions of whey protein written by the five different research groups...... contributes to the field of food studies with a multidisciplinary biography of whey protein - including its sensory qualities and challenges, insights into its cultural history, its nutritional value and effects on the human body and an analysis of how it is perceived by people who consume it. The biography...... thereby expands upon existing understandings of whey protein while discussing the usefulness of employing the commodity biography format in interdisciplinary writing. Moreover, the article contributes to the field of interdisciplinary research by providing a practical example of a joint publication...

  9. Historical "Bad Guys": Biography as a Teaching Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Donald J.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a history course on the college level that uses biographies to help students connect important political leaders, such as Hitler and Machiavelli, to the time and place that shaped their actions. Reports on the effectiveness of the class. (RKM)

  10. Telling Lives in Science: Essays on Scientific Biography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harman, Peter

    1997-09-01

    This collection of ten essays by historians of science, several of them biographers, is concerned with the role of scientific biography in forming conceptions of science and scientists. The essays include studies of the biographies of individual scientists, assessments of the aims and style of scientific portraits in different historical contexts, examinations of changing biographical interpretations of scientists, and much discussion of the methodological issues involved in the writing of scientific biographies. Many historians consider biography to be an ambiguous genre, its appeal based on nostalgia rather than history, with a focus on personality rather than historical context, but the biographer can reply that scientific biography reveals the practice of science at its most fundamental level. Indeed, scientific biography has provided a powerful medium in which public conceptions of science have been established. Einstein observed that 'the essential being of a man of my type lies in what he thinks and how he thinks', and his Autobiographical Notes suppress personality in favour of physics. But the biographer may see matters differently, and wish to integrate the public and the private life of the scientist. In their substantial introduction the editors discuss these and other problems, and the book is directed to the professional concerns of historians of science. While there is little here on the history of physics, Geoffrey Cantor's essay on public images of Faraday as constructed in popular biographies, a discussion of conflicting portraits of Faraday as romantic genius or hard-working slogger, may interest readers of this journal. (book review)

  11. Whey protein stories - An experiment in writing a multidisciplinary biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Tenna; Bechshoeft, Rasmus L; Giacalone, Davide; Otto, Marie Haulund; Castro-Mejía, Josue; Bin Ahmad, Hajar Fauzan; Reitelseder, Søren; Jespersen, Astrid Pernille

    2016-12-01

    This is an experimental, dual-purpose article about whey protein and how to conduct interdisciplinary analyses and writings. On the one hand, this article is a multidisciplinary commodity biography, which consists of five descriptions of whey protein written by the five different research groups involved in the interdisciplinary research project CALM(Counteracting Age-related loss of Skeletal Muscle Mass). On the other hand, it is a meta-analysis, which aims to uncover and highlight examples of how the five descriptions contribute to each other with insights into the contextualisation of knowledge, contrasts between the descriptions and the new dimensions they bring to established fields of interest. The meta-analysis also contains a discussion of interdisciplinary study objects and the usefulness of the multidisciplinary commodity biography as a format for interdisciplinary publications. The article contributes to the field of food studies with a multidisciplinary biography of whey protein - including its sensory qualities and challenges, insights into its cultural history, its nutritional value and effects on the human body and an analysis of how it is perceived by people who consume it. The biography thereby expands upon existing understandings of whey protein while discussing the usefulness of employing the commodity biography format in interdisciplinary writing. Moreover, the article contributes to the field of interdisciplinary research by providing a practical example of a joint publication and reflections upon the existence, interaction and possibilities of monodisciplinary knowledge structures within interdisciplinary studies and publications. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Red Mandela: Contests of auto-biography and Auto/biography in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciraj Rassool

    Full Text Available This article examines the case of the red Mercedes-Benz built in 1990 by workers at the Mercedes-Benz plant in East London and presented to Nelson Mandela as a gift shortly after his release from prison. During the 1990s a biographic order marked by a discourse of heroic leaders was growing in South Africa, where biographic narration and self-narration played a noticeable and, at times, substantial part in political transformation and reconstruction. Nelson Mandela's 'long walk to freedom' became the key trope for South Africa's history, narrated as the triumph of reconciliation. The presentation of the car to Nelson Mandela in 1990 occurred at a time of transition in the life of his auto/biography, from the biography of desire for the absent revolutionary leader to the biography of a statesman and president. This partly explains the ambiguous, double-edged history of the gift, as a labour of love on the part of NUMSA workers and as donation by Mercedes-Benz South Africa (the corporate version of these events emphasised the 'friendship' that was 'sparked' between Nelson Mandela and Mercedes-Benz South Africa. Inspired by the East London autoworkers' commitment to produce the car for Mandela, as well as by the resilience some of them showed during their nine-week strike and sleep-in in the plant soon afterwards, Simon Gush's installation Red has intervened in how those events should be remembered. By choosing to exhibit the disassembled body panels of a replica car alongside reconstructed displays of sleep-in strike beds made of scaffolding, foam, upholstery and car headrests, with imagined uniforms of striking workers, Gush has chosen to appropriate the history of the events of 1990 from the celebratory frames of the Mandela biographic order. The installation turns into an inquiry into the labour process and the events of the strike that was critical of the reconciliatory and celebratory understanding of the gift as a product of a partnership

  13. Expediency of Study of the Scientists' Biographies in Physics Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Korsun

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is a justification of the expediency of study of the scientists' biographies in physics course. Study of the biographic materials is one of the ways of motivation of learning and development of morality, humanity, internationalism. The selection criteria of biographic material have been allocated and method of study of the scientists' biographies has been described. Biographical data, scientific achievements and character traits are the components of “scientist's image”. Results proved that the use of the biographic materials raises the level of emotional component of learners' cognitive activity in physics teaching. Method of study of the scientists' biographies can be used in teaching of other school subjects.

  14. Someone Else's Life as Intertext: Antique Biographies in Ukrainian Interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Galchuk

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the main interpretation tendencies of the antique biographies in Ukrainian lyrics of 1920–1930s. The role of artistic connotations of someone else’s life in a force field of mature modernism has been studied, the typological characteristics of thede connotations have been discovered, those common for the symbolistic (Pavlo Tychyna and neoclassic interpretation models of the antique text in partiqular (Eugen Malaniuk and “Kyiv” neoclassics. The dominant techniques and methods of integration of the antique biographies into the text have been revealed. They are citations, allusions, reminiscences, transformation of manes into images-symbols, adding to and transformation of traditional biography plots and so on. It was uncovered that historically real and literary-mythical antique characters of heroical andaesthetical types are the most often interpreted ones, with existential types to the lesser degree. The connection of principles of artistic interpretation of antique biographies with idea-aesthetical principles of creativity and worldview of a given author or tendency is emphasized. Thus, appealing to the life facts of antique figures, Eugen Malaniuk creates his own historiosophical concept. In poetry by neoclassics the biography fragments figures of the antique culture are replicated, thus the type “culturetrigger” prevails. The disappointed tragical “hero” prevail in symbolists’ works. Moreover, in Tychyna’s works “biography” of the myth figure transformation as well as rethinking of the antique concept of “heroic”. In general antique biographies play appeal, expressive, abstract and poetic functions that are inherent to intertext.

  15. The Underdog Effect: The Marketing of Disadvantage and Determination through Brand Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Neeru Paharia; Anat Keinan; Jill Avery; Juliet B. Schor

    2011-01-01

    We introduce the concept of an underdog brand biography to describe an emerging trend in branding in which firms author a historical account of their humble origins, lack of resources, and determined struggle against the odds. We identify two essential dimensions of an underdog biography: external disadvantage, and passion and determination. We demonstrate that such a biography can increase purchase intentions, real choice, and brand loyalty. We argue that these biographies are effective beca...

  16. The Trials and Tribulations of Anglophone and Hispanic Biography: A Personal Reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Garner

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the evolution and the current state of An- glophone biography, focusing on the inherent and persistent tensions with regard to its definition, value, and purpose, and on its belated acceptance within the Anglophone academy. It also highlights the profound gap between Anglophone biography and the limited scope, practice, and academic mar- ginalisation of Hispanic biography.

  17. The Trials and Tribulations of Anglophone and Hispanic Biography: A Personal Reflection

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Garner

    2018-01-01

    This article reflects on the evolution and the current state of An- glophone biography, focusing on the inherent and persistent tensions with regard to its definition, value, and purpose, and on its belated acceptance within the Anglophone academy. It also highlights the profound gap between Anglophone biography and the limited scope, practice, and academic mar- ginalisation of Hispanic biography.

  18. Biography as an Art: Selected Criticism 1560-1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, James L., Ed.

    Forty-seven essays from five centuries of writings on biography are contained in this book. Selections are arranged under the following headings: "Before 1700" (9 selections), "The Eighteenth Century" (5), "The Nineteenth Century" (11), "Early Twentieth Century" (14), and "Mid-Twentieth Century" (8). Authors range from Francis Bacon to Leon Edel.…

  19. The 5L Instructional Design For Exploring Legacies through Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulware, Beverly J.; Monroe, Eula E.; Wilcox, Bradley Ray

    2013-01-01

    People who have impacted generations have left legacies we can explore today through biographies. The 5L instructional design introduced in this article includes five components: Listen, Learn, Locate, Link, and Legacy. In the "Listen" section, teachers use storytelling and read-alouds to introduce individuals who shaped history. During…

  20. Collective Biography and Memory Work: Girls Reading Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    Collective biography draws on memory work methods developed initially by feminist sociologists (Haug et al., 1987) where people collaboratively examined the social and discursive resources through which they take themselves up as particular gendered subjects in the world. Their own memories become resources to investigate processes of…

  1. A Forgotten Voice: A Biography of Leta Stetter Hollingworth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Ann G.

    This biography examines the life of Leta Stetter Hollingworth who was born in rural Nebraska in 1886, rose above an abusive childhood and strong prejudice to become an influential psychologist, feminist, educator, author, and advocate for gifted children. Individual chapters have the following titles: (1) "A Child Called 'E'"; (2)…

  2. Expediency of Study of the Scientists' Biographies in Physics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korsun, Igor

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this article is a justification of the expediency of study of the scientists' biographies in physics course. Study of the biographic materials is one of the ways of motivation of learning and development of morality, humanity, internationalism. The selection criteria of biographic material have been allocated and method of study of the…

  3. Biographies | Women in Science | Initiatives | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Biographies of Women Scientists that have appeared in Resonance. Amalie Emmy Noether · Beatrice Tinsley · Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin · Florence Jessie MacWilliams · Henrietta Swan Leavitt · Marie Skoldowska Curie · Rosalind Franklin · Maria Goeppert Mayer · Edavaleth Kakkat Janaki Ammal; Grace Murray Hopper ...

  4. Book Review: Nelson Mandela: A Jacana Pocket Biography ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book Title: Nelson Mandela: A Jacana Pocket Biography. Author: Colin Bundy. Jacana: Auckland Park, 2015. 159 pp. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...

  5. Book Review: Chris Hani: A Jacana Pocket Biography | Smith | New ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book Title: Chris Hani: A Jacana Pocket Biography. Author: Hugh Macmillan. Jacana: Auckland Park, 2014. 152 pp. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's ...

  6. An evaluative biography of cynical realism and political pop

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kharchenkova, S.; Velthuis, O.; Berthoin Antal, A.; Hutter, M.; Stark, D.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter illustrates different regimes of justification by tracing the evaluative biography of two Chinese contemporary art styles, in order to explain their artistic and commercial success. The movements developed in the aftermath of the Tiananmen massacre, when censorship of contemporary art

  7. Northern Ghana women in national politics: Biographies of Lydia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although material has been scarce, it is intended that the re/presentation here will create space for deeper and broader sharing on their and other life-stories. Keywords: Politics, Women Parliamentarians, Life-story, Biographies, Political Party Studies in Gender and Development in Africa Vol. 1 (1) 2007: pp. 132-139 ...

  8. American Prometheus. The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Biography; J. Robert Oppenheimer. Die Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, Kai; Sherwin, Martin J.

    2009-07-01

    A definitive portrait of legendary scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the ''father'' of the atomic bomb, discusses his seminal role in the twentieth-century scientific world, as well as his lesser-known roles as family man, supposed communist, and head of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies. ''American Prometheus'' is a rich evocation of America in mid-century and a compelling portrait of scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a man shaped by its major events--the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War. (orig.) [German] J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), der ''Vater der Atombombe'', zaehlt zu den schillerndsten Figuren der juengeren Zeitgeschichte. Fuer ihre glaenzende Biographie des ''amerikanischen Prometheus'' erhielten der Journalist Kai Bird und der Historiker Martin J. Sherwin den Pulitzer-Preis. Exemplarisch lassen sie das Drama eines Forschers lebendig werden, der sich zwischen Erkenntnisdrang und ethischer Verantwortung entscheiden muss. Oppenheimer leitete das streng geheime Manhattan-Projekt in der Wueste von New Mexico, wo am 16. Juli 1945 die erste Atombombe gezuendet wurde. Kurz darauf starben in Hiroshima und Nagasaki mehr als 200 000 Menschen durch die neue ''Wunderwaffe'' - die Menschheit war ins Atomzeitalter eingetreten. Erschuettert von der Zerstoerungskraft seiner Schoepfung, engagierte sich Oppenheimer fortan gegen den Einsatz nuklearer Waffen. Das machte ihn im Amerika der McCarthy-Aera verdaechtig. Er geriet ins Visier des FBI, wurde als Spion der Sowjetunion verleumdet und musste den Staatsdienst quittieren. Sein Privatleben wurde an die Oeffentlichkeit gezerrt, seine Wohnung verwanzt, sein Telefon abgehoert. Erst 1963 rehabilitierte ihn Praesident Kennedy. Ueber dreissig Jahre hinweg haben die Autoren Interviews mit Oppenheimers Angehoerigen, Freunden und Kollegen gefuehrt, FBI-Akten gesichtet, Tonbaender von Reden und Verhoeren

  9. Nuclear pursuits: The scientific biography of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fawcett, R.

    1994-01-01

    The scientific life of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis. The biography covers Lewis's role in the development of radar, his tenure as the Chief Superintendent of the Telecommunications Research Establishment at Malvern through his heading of the then fledgling Canadian nuclear research facility in Chalk River, Ontario. Lewis's drive, intelligence, and remarkable organizational skills placed him at the forefront of Canada's nuclear program. His influence lead to a collaboration between Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Ontario Hydro that ultimately resulted in the development of the CANDU reactor. His influence was also profound in the near by town of Deep River with one prime legacy being the W.B. Lewis Library. Lewis's bibliography is included in the biography

  10. Non-authorized biographies and the ilegitimacy of fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melina Girardi Fachin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at reflecting about non-authorized biographies. The choice of exploring the topic not only through law but in a dialog with literature opens up new theoretical horizons. The limits of the social subject as well as the limits of the fictional character in a narrative are not always clear in order to define the borders between intimacy and public life. As for Law, a recent trial by the Brazilian Supreme Court, the Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade – ADI 4815, shed more light on the subject, which, nonetheless, is still unconcluded, considering how generic the guarantees of freedom of expression and intimacy defense are in the Brazilian constitutional order. Keeping all that in mind and considering that previous authorization for the publication of biographies is a form of censorship, our intention is to debate the topic considering the density and the new ideas that literature can offer.

  11. A brief family and academic biography of Benson E. Ginsburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxson, Stephen C

    2011-11-01

    This is a brief personal biography of Benson E. Ginsburg, my friend, colleague and mentor. This is personal in several ways. First, it is about Benson's family as well as his career. Second, much of what I write is based on discussions with Benson. Third, after 1960, Benson's story is a big part of my story. I have been there for more than 50 years as it has unfolded.

  12. [History of thought tendencies in biography - a cultural historical synopsis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieckhöfer, K

    1980-01-01

    Biography, presumably, the oldest form of historiography, is rudimentally already found in the Attic comedy. Reference is made to Xenophon and his representation of leading personalities and predominance problems as well as to Aristotle through whose school the empiric exploration of the individual personality in philosophy was firmly established. To Theophrast's pictures of human weakness are added new psychological aspects under Aristoxenos. In the biographical work of Nepos the picture of the habits of famous men was shown on a subhistorical level. While Plutarch's character descriptions are fully rationalistic there can be no doubt that a moral value judgement is passed. The Concepts "experience" and "inner development" were therefore unknown in the antique biography. Herder, as the onset of the writing of scientific biographies, is considered the promotor of an objectivating biographical and autobiographical method. Reference is made to Dilthey's theory of knowledge and his theory of cognition, particularly to his cultural-historical approach, whereby a close relationship to Gruhle ("understanding psychology"), Jaspers ("The art of sympathising understanding") as well as Birnbaum ("pathographic methodology") becomes evident.

  13. Athletes confessions: the sports biography as an interaction ritual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thing, L F; Ronglan, L T

    2015-04-01

    Commercialization of emotions is not a new phenomenon but in Denmark there is a new general trend to tell and sell personal stories in the media. Personal deprivation and crises are also major topics in sports media. This paper focuses on sports biographies as a book genre that is reviving in popularity. The paper approaches the topic through the biographies of one Danish athlete: the former professional cyclist, Jesper Skibby, who writes about his doping disclosure and shares his personal dilemmas as a former elite sportsman. The thematic text analysis orientates around social interactions, emotions, and personality constructions. Inspired by microsociology with a Durkheimian flavor of Goffman and Hochschild, themes including "face work," "interaction rituals," and "emotions management" are discussed. The analysis claims that sharing personal information in the media is not only a means of confession and reclaiming status but is also business and management - on an intimate level. Telling the story of the corrosion of a sporting character has become a hot issue, an entertainment, and not least a commercial commitment. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. AHP 40: Review: The Social Life of Tibetan Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Gerke

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The book under review is a part of Lexington Books' series "Studies in Modern Tibetan Culture." The author, Amy Holmes-Tagchungdarpa, has a background in Religious Studies and researched the interrelationships between textual biography and social community networks of the Tibetan Buddhist lineage holder and Mahāmudrā and Dzogchen master, Tokden Shakya Shri (1853–1919 from Latokh, which at the time was a kingdom and one of five polities in Kham, Eastern Tibet, and today is in Chamdo County in the Tibet Autonomous Region. She interviewed contemporary students and family of Shakya Shri as well as translated excerpts from the master's biography, the Garland of Flowers. The Tibetan text is not appended, but interested readers can refer to the complete translation of the Garland of Flowers by Elio Guarisco (2009. An old black and white photo of the master, as well as photos of his community in Nepal and the stupas his followers helped to renovate, are included in the book. A map showing the regions of Shakya Shri's residences and spiritual influence would have been useful. ...

  15. Making Sense of Scientific Biographies: Scientific Achievement, Nature of Science, and Storylines in College Students' Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Seyoung

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the educative value of scientific biographies will be explored, especially for non-science major college students. During the "Scientist's life and thought" course, 66 college students read nine scientific biographies including five biologists, covering the canonical scientific achievements in Western scientific history.…

  16. Portrayal of Life Form in Selected Biographies for Children Eight to Twelve Years of Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Shirley Lois

    This study describes and analyzes, in a critical literary manner, selected biographies for children eight to twelve years of age. Biographies of Jane Addams, Cesar Chavez, Mohandas Gandhi, Toyohiko Kagawa, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Albert Schweitzer are viewed from the perspective of a literary criterion based on the principles of design to…

  17. Sports Biographies of African American Football Players: The Racism of Colorblindness in Children's Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winograd, Ken

    2011-01-01

    This is an exploratory study of racism in a genre of children's literature that has been largely overlooked by research and teaching in multicultural children's literature: sports biographies and, in particular, the biographies of African American professional football players. By examining the race bias of this genre of children's literature, the…

  18. Artefact biography 2.0 : the information value of corroded archaeological bronzes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nienhuis, J.

    2017-01-01

    The different phases in the life of archaeological objects can be described by artefact biography. This dissertation defines an updated version: artefact biography 2.0, and the life phases of Early Iron Age bronze studs from Oss-Zevenbergen, the Netherlands, are elaborated. Throughout the thesis,

  19. Hegemony or Concordance? The Rhetoric of Tokenism in "Oprah" Winfrey's Rags-to-Riches Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloud, Dana L.

    1996-01-01

    Examines biographies of talk show host and producer Oprah Winfrey in which conventional narratives construct a token "Oprah" persona whose story reinforces the ideology of the American Dream, implying its accessibility to black Americans despite barriers inherent in a racist society. Develops theories of tokenism, biography,…

  20. Efficacy of ACA strategies in biography-driven science teaching: an investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Grizelda L.; Miller, Stuart S.; Murry, Kevin; Herrera, Socorro; Spears, Jacqueline D.

    2013-12-01

    This study explored the biography-driven approach to teaching culturally and linguistically diverse students in science education. Biography-driven instruction (BDI) embraces student diversity by incorporating students' sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, and academic dimensions of their biographies into the learning process (Herrera in Biography-driven culturally responsive teaching. Teachers College Press, New York, 2010). Strategies have been developed (Herrera, Kavimandan and Holmes in Crossing the vocabulary bridge: differentiated strategies for diverse secondary classrooms. Teachers College Press, New York, 2011) that provide teachers with instructional routines that facilitate BDI. Using systematic classroom observations we empirically demonstrate that these activate, connect, affirm, strategies are likely to be effective in increasing teachers' biography-driven practices. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  1. A life of Erwin Schroedinger; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Walter J.

    2012-07-01

    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientists of the 20th century at all and - a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest in people and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he got the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedinger's cat''. Walter Moore's biography is very close to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his private friendships, his interest in mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  2. J.B. McLachlan: a biography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frank, D.

    1999-07-01

    This social history and biography of James Bryson McLaughlin (1869-1916) describes McLaughlin's leadership as an educator and instigator in organizing Nova Scotia's coal miners during the labour wars in the 1920s. McLaughlin's background and childhood, education, reputation, religion, family life, health, and death are described. Included are descriptions of the life of coal miners in Cape Breton, radical left politics in Canada and the organizers involved, the political economy of the coal industry, child labour, churches, coal markets and prices, company towns and housing, mining disasters and fatalities, elections, First World War efforts, the depression, immigrants, and strikes. The labour organizations, companies, churches, and politicians involved in the struggles for union acceptance are discussed. 872 refs., 7 figs., 24 photos.

  3. Historiography and biography genre in the Vita Caligulae from Suetonius - some impressions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Lima

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the reflections and the results of the Scientific Initiation Research about Vita Caligulae (Life of Caligula, from Suetonius (69/70 - 130? a.C. and his relation to the roman historiography. In our study, we start from the biography of Caligula emperor, named De Vita Caligulae, to analyze those generic aspects of the biography in the way to notice its features and how this biography is inserted in the historiographical roman tradition, to be known, as a way to write history or as a different genre. During the research, besides the translation of the biography, we realized a brief study about the roman historiography, as well as some considerations about the textual and stylish aspects of Suetonius.  

  4. The Physicist and Astronomer Christoper Scheiner - Biography Letters, Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daxecker, Franz

    The Jesuit priest Christopher Scheiner was one of the most influential astronomers of the first half of the 17th century. He was a creative and down-to-earth natural scientist who worked in the fields of astronomy, physics, optics and ophthalmology, while following his vocations as university lecturer, church builder and pastor. In scientific matters he was Galilei's opponent. Their dispute centred on the priority of discovery in regard to the sunspots. Scheiner was not the first to discover the sunspots, but he gave the most detailed account thereofin his main work "Rosa Ursina sive Sol". He was, however, ceaseless in his defense of the geocentric system. In 1891, Anton v.Braunmühl published a biography of Father Scheiner. Ever since then, new documents have come to light, justifying the publication of a new biography. Among the documents now available is Scheiner's hitherto unknown dissertation. Notes taken during his lectures in Ingolstadt provide valuable information on astronomy using the telescope, an invention of his lifetime. His exchange of letters with personalities like Archduke Leopold V of Austria-Tyrol, with scientists like Magini, Galilei, Gassendi, Kepler and confriars Rader, Guldin, Alber, Minutuli, Cysat und Kircher is a source of precious insights. Letters to Scheiner from the Father Generals of his order display evidence of his superiors' zero tolerance for the helincentric system. They also disclose Scheiner's wish to become a missionary in China, the financial difficulties he faced while trying to find a publisher for his "Rosa Ursina sive Sol" and his personal shortcomings. A Scheiner obituary from 1650 was found in Cracow in 2001. It contains information on the troublesome last years of his life and has finally allowed us to determine the year of his birth. Scheiner's personality has been praised as well as criticized by many authors - sometimes depending on their ideological backgrounds. This holds true especially regarding the argument

  5. Biography of Socrates in the Context of Ancient Drama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Astrachan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Biography of Socrates is regarded as a kind of artistic text, deliberately turned philosopher to all citizens of the Athenian Polis, built in ethical and aesthetic coordinates that are relevant in the development plan of the ancient drama, its two leading genres of tragedy and Comedy. The fate of Socrates interpreted as requiring reflection in the plane of intersection of the tragic and the comic, the interrelated experiences of tragic and comic catharsis. Fear and compassion of catharsis tragic, laughter and pleasure of catharsis comedy cover the fullness of the emotional spectrum, characterizing the relationship between the individual and the human community in their movement from the past through present to future. Comic unity of people takes place in space history, the background of the established, time-tested values. Tragic overcoming fragmentation one and many – to-background values are desirable or antivalues unwanted catastrophic future, the road to which pave risky individualistic actions of the tragic hero, artistically meaningful in the tragedy, under control of the human community. The discrepancy between the tragic fate of Socrates and his image in the Comedy of Aristophanes “Clouds” shows the essence of the relationship of individual and shares in the process of artistic creation and reception. Socratic dialogue, as well as ancient tragedy and Comedy are characterized from the point of view of their role in the formation of individual literary and artistic creativity. Ahead of the author of the literary works of his contemporaries associated with the process of artistic creativity, facing in the future. This is ahead of the curve generates the contradiction between the past and the future in the space of literary works, which may be resolved by the reception and interpretation.

  6. An experimental 'Life' for an experimental life: Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxham, Noah

    2016-03-01

    Richard Waller's 'Life of Dr Robert Hooke', prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting this strategy and his struggle with the problem of how to represent an early experimental philosopher in print. I suggest that Waller eschews the 'Christian philosopher' tradition of contemporary biography - partly because of the unusually diverse and fragmentary nature of Hooke's intellectual output - and draws instead upon the structure of the Royal Society's archive as a means of organizing and understanding Hooke's life. The most quoted phrase from Waller's biography is that Hooke became 'to a crime close and reserved' in later life; this essay argues that Waller's biographical sketch was fashioned in order to undo the effects of that reserve. In modelling his approach very closely on the structure of the society's records he was principally concerned with making Hooke's work and biography accessible, intelligible and useful to the fellowship in a context familiar to them, a context which had provided the institutional framework for most of Hooke's adult life. I argue that Waller's 'Life' was also intended to make the largest claims for Hooke's intellectual standing that the author dared in the context of the enmity between Hooke and Isaac Newton once the latter became president of the Royal Society. However, I also adduce fresh manuscript evidence that Waller actually compiled, but did not publish, a defence of Hooke's claim to have discovered the inverse square law of gravity, allowing us to glimpse a much more assertive biography of Hooke than the published version.

  7. An experimental ‘Life’ for an experimental life : Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705)

    OpenAIRE

    Moxham, Noah

    2016-01-01

    Richard Waller's ‘Life of Dr Robert Hooke’, prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting thi...

  8. Representacion E Identidad: Content Analysis of Latina Biographies for Primary and Preadolescent Children Published 1955-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Margaret A.

    2012-01-01

    This study discusses the results of a content analysis of 75 Latina biographies for primary and pre-adolescent students that were published over a 16-year period, spanning from 1995 to 2010. Significant to this study was how Latinas were represented in the biographies and what changes can be seen over time. Using a rubric based on research by…

  9. A Sample Application for Use of Biography in Social Studies; Science, Technology and Social Change Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Er, Harun

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the opinions of social studies teacher candidates on use of biography in science, technology and social change course given in the undergraduate program of social studies education. In this regard, convergent parallel design as a mixed research pattern was used to make use of both qualitative and quantitative…

  10. GENDER AND THE PERSONAL IN POLITICAL BIOGRAPHY Observations from a Dutch Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Mineke

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the differential meanings of "personal life" in political biographies of men and women, mainly based upon Dutch examples, but making use of international literature. Though there has been a tendency to use personal detail only as a means to advertise and popularize

  11. Charles Valentine Riley, A Biography: ambition, genius, and the emergence of applied entomology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles Valentine Riley, 1843-1895, was a renowned entomologist and founder of the field of applied or economic entomology. This biography, supported by the scientific collaboration of Dr. Weber, is the first story of his fascinating life at the center of many of the foundational events of American...

  12. A Not-so-Hidden Curriculum: Using Auto/Biographies to Teach Educational History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Lucy E.

    2015-01-01

    Autobiography and biography are productive genres for exploring historical events and processes, even as such works have sometimes held a peripheral role in the "community" of history of education scholarship. This paper focuses on the pedagogical productivity and challenges of a recent graduate course the author offered in…

  13. Going to School with Madame Curie and Mr. Einstein: Gender Roles in Children's Science Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Trevor

    2009-01-01

    One of the first places children encounter science and scientists is children's literature. Children's books about science and scientists have, however, received limited scholarly attention. By exploring the history of children's biographies of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein, the two most written about scientist in children's literature, this…

  14. The Gendering of Albert Einstein and Marie Curie in Children's Biographies: Some Tensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Rachel E.; Jarrard, Amber R.; Tippins, Deborah J.

    2009-01-01

    Few twentieth century scientists have generated as much interest as Albert Einstein and Marie Currie. Their lives are centrally depicted in numerous children's biographies of famous scientists. Yet their stories reflect interesting paradoxes and tacit sets of unexplored sociocultural assumptions about gender in science education and the larger…

  15. Visions and Vanities: John Andrew Rice of Black Mountain College. Southern Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Katherine Chaddock

    This biography presents the life of John Andrew Rice, who founded Black Mountain College (North Carolina) in 1933 to implement his philosophy of education, including the centrality of artistic experience and emotional development to learning in all disciplines and the need for democratic governance shared between faculty and students. Born in…

  16. "Working Lives": The Use of Auto/Biography in the Development of a Sociological Imagination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David

    2015-01-01

    This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…

  17. Biography in the Study of Public Administration: Towards a Portrait of a Whitehall Mandarin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribbins, Peter; Sherratt, Brian

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on part of an on-going interview-based study of the eight permanent secretaries who served at the Department for Education from 1976 to 2012. Following a discussion of the relevance of biography to the study of public sector administrators, it presents a portrait of Sir Tim Lankester. Based on his own account and that of…

  18. Orlonia's "Literacy-in-Persons": Expanding Notions of Literacy through Biography and History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Amy Suzanne; Cowles, Lauren

    2009-01-01

    Life history methods were used to explore the literate identity of one African American woman, Orlonia, who lives and works in a small rural community in the southeastern United States. Specifically, the authors explore how Orlonia's literate identity is constantly developing throughout her life, taking place in frames of biography and history.…

  19. Black Fiction and Biographies: Current Books for Children and Adolescents. WCTE Service Bulletin No. 28.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karolides, Nicholas J., Comp.

    This bibliography of books for children and adolescents was developed primarily from "The New York Times Book Review" and the "Christian Science Monitor" over the past several years. Fiction and biography are listed separately. Publisher, reading level, source of the listing, and a brief annotation are given for each title. (AA)

  20. What's in a Research Project: Some Thoughts on the Intersection of History, Social Structure, and Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popkewitz, Thomas S.

    1988-01-01

    This article focuses on the social formation of research by considering autobiography, biography, and institutions. The discussion covers the relation of U.S. corporate liberalism, Protestant theology, and Jewish identity, and the role of the university in the administration of the state. (TE)

  1. Subjectivity as a play of territorialization: Exploring affective attachments to place through collective biography

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zábrodská, Kateřina; Ellwood, C.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 2 (2011), s. 180-191 ISSN 1210-3055 R&D Projects: GA ČR GPP407/10/P146 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : collective biography * subjectivity * territorialization Subject RIV: AN - Psychology http://www.springerlink.com/content/27584v651qm45w41/

  2. KARL JASPERS’ INTELLECTUAL BIOGRAPHY OR EXPERIENCE OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH OF PHILISOPHER’S LIFE AND WORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Султана Гильмидиновна Кцоева

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to a such genre of historical research as intellectual biography. In it in practice (with reference to the person of outstanding German scientist Karl Jaspers are considered the basic methods, applied during the process of preparation of the intellectual biography, the circle of research problem is defined, typical for the given direction and their specific character is explained. Special attention is given to interdisciplinary as the basic condition of a successful scientific work on the given direction of intellectual history. A number of problems is listed in the article with which the historian, making the intellectual biography, anyway faces. The necessity of overcoming highly specialized scientific frames during the preparation of the intellectual biography becomes abundantly clear as it is impossible to understand the historical determinates of foldings of the whole system of scientific outlook of the intellectual without the reference to the system analysis of its scientific views, without immersing to the sphere of his professional interests which, as is known, can be far from history. The specified fact is the main reason for criticism of the direction of intellectual history from the adherents of “pure” history. The author defines a circle of research problems, among which are: definition of a circle of the research problems, objectively rising before the historian-intellectualist, realization of the selection of methods of research, relevant to the solution of objectives, demonstration of a bright example of practical application of methods of interdisciplinary research within writing of the intellectual biography of Jaspers.

  3. The lived experience of volunteering in a palliative care biography service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beasley, Elizabeth; Brooker, Joanne; Warren, Narelle; Fletcher, Jane; Boyle, Christopher; Ventura, Adriana; Burney, Susan

    2015-10-01

    Many patients approaching death experience hopelessness, helplessness, and a depressed mood, and these factors can contribute to a difficult end-of-life (EoL) period. Biography services may assist patients in finding meaning and purpose at this time. The aim of our study was to investigate the lived experience of volunteers involved in a biography service in Melbourne, Australia, using a qualitative methodology. The participants were 10 volunteers who had participated in a biography service within a private palliative care service. Each volunteer was interviewed separately using a study-specific semistructured interview guide. The transcripts of these interviews were then subjected to thematic analysis. Analysis yielded the following themes: motivations for volunteering; dealing with death, dying, and existential issues; psychosocial benefits of volunteering; and benefits and challenges of working with patients and their families. Our results indicated that volunteering gave the volunteers a deeper appreciation of existential issues, and helped them to be more appreciative of their own lives and gain a deeper awareness of the struggles other people experience. They also suggested that volunteers felt that their involvement contributed to their own personal development, and was personally rewarding. Furthermore, the results highlighted that volunteers found that encounters with family members were sometimes challenging. While some were appreciative, others imposed time limits, became overly reliant on the volunteers, and were sometimes offended, hurt, and angered by what was included in the final biography. It is hoped that the findings of the current study will provide direction for improvements in the biography services that will benefit patients, family members, and volunteers. In particular, our findings highlight the need to provide ongoing support for volunteers to assist them in handling the challenges of volunteering in a palliative care setting.

  4. Inclusion of the personal biography in daily care – a qualitative study / Einbezug der Biographie in den Pflegealltag – eine qualitative Studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kipfer Stephanie

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In Switzerland, 39% of nursing home residents have a dementia related disease. Behavioral symptoms are increasingly observed as dementia progresses. These symptoms impair patients’ quality of life and are distressing to family caregivers and nurses. A person-centered approach, which includes the resident’s individual biography, reduces such symptoms. The most current literature describes how therapists include biographical information in designated therapies. However person-centered care takes place not only in specific activities. Nurses are responsible for their patients’ care 24 hours a day.

  5. Re-working biographies: Women's narratives of pregnancy whilst living with epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weckesser, Annalise; Denny, Elaine

    2017-07-01

    This paper explores the multiple ways experiences of pregnancy and early motherhood come to 'rework' the biographies of women living with epilepsy. Pregnancy is explored as a temporarily concurrent status alongside the long-term condition of epilepsy. Narrative interviews were conducted with 32 women from across the UK. Analysis of these narratives suggests that biographical disruption and continuity are both useful in the conceptualisation of women's diverse experiences of pregnancy and epilepsy. Such findings challenge the notion that the presence of a condition over a long period of time leads to the normalisation of illness. Participants' narratives demonstrate that, for some, pregnancy and early motherhood may be disruptive and can raise concerns regarding an ever present condition that may previously have been taken for granted. Findings also indicate the need for a greater consideration of gender and care responsibilities, as well explorations of concomitant conditions, in the theorising of biographies and chronic illness. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Screening Jane. When History, Biography and Fiction create a Cinematic Life.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Grandi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the interesting technique of adaptation of the film Becoming Jane, a biopic on the life of Jane Austen, released in 2007. Loosely based on Jon Spence's biography Becoming Jane Austen, the film faces the problem of the scarcity of information on Jane Austen's life through a technique that, if not original nor always satisfying, is nevertheless worth being studied. By recurring to the character descriptions and the anecdotes narrated in the novels, the film (and Spence's book too "fills in the blanks" in Austen's life by adding touches of romance with questionable historical accuracy and fictionalizes the writer's biography in order to adapt it to the stereotype of modern romantic film heroines.

  7. The scientometric biography of a leading scientist working on the field of bio-energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konur, Ozcan [Sirnak University Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Turkey)], email: okonur@hotmail.com

    2011-07-01

    This paper presents a scientometric biography of a Turkish scientist, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Demirbas, who is a leading figure in the field of bio-energy. It describes the method and importance of doing such biographies and suggests that there are too few of them, this one being the first in this specific area. It provides insight into the individual, his work, his research and links in his field of studies and research. Prof. Dr. Demirbas has spent almost three decades in research, particularly in the field of bio-energy. He has researched and taught in the field of renewable energies including biodiesels, biofuels, biomass pyrolysis, liquefaction and gasification, biogas, bioalcohols, and biohydrogen. He has also studied a great variety of subjects, such as the development of pulp from plants, chemical and engineering thermodynamics, chemical and energy education, global climate change, drinking water and cereal analyses. He has published 454 articles as of 2011.

  8. Secrets of Thomas Hardy’s Biography: The Attempt of Reading in John Fowles’ Works

    OpenAIRE

    Levytska, Oksana

    2014-01-01

    Hardy’s personality as a writer and a man invariably accompanies John Fowles’ texts, he repeatedly clearly and sometimes with hints and allusions appeals to the creativity of this outstanding writer of the Victorian era, uses as an epigraph quotes from his texts, reveals little known facts of his biography, conducts the biographical analysis of his works, etc. John Fowles’ permanent appeal to Thomas Hardy’s personality the author himself explains by close proximity and affinity of writer's wo...

  9. Telling different stories, making new realities: The ontological politics of 'addiction' biographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pienaar, Kiran; Dilkes-Frayne, Ella

    2017-06-01

    Personal narratives of alcohol and other drug addiction circulate widely in popular culture and they also have currency in professional therapeutic settings. Despite this, relatively little research has explored the conventions operating in these narratives and how they shape people's experiences and identities. While research in this area often proceeds on the premise that addiction biographies are straightforwardly 'true' accounts, in this paper we draw on the insights of critical alcohol and other drug scholarship, and the concept of 'ontological politics' to argue that biographies produce normative ideas about addiction and those said to be experiencing it. Our analysis compares traditional addiction narratives with the biographies we reconstructed from qualitative interviews with 60 people in Australia who describe themselves as having an 'addiction', 'dependence' or drug 'habit'. We track how addiction is variously enacted in these accounts and comment on the effects of particular enactments. By attending to the ways in which people cope, even thrive, with the kind of consumption that would attract a diagnosis of addiction or dependence, the biographies we produced disrupt the classic narrative of increasing drug use, decline and eventual collapse. Doing so allows for consideration of the benefits of consumption, as well as the ways that people carefully regulate it to minimise harms. It also constitutes individuals as active in managing consumption-an important move that challenges dominant understandings of addiction as a disorder of compulsivity. We conclude by considering the implications of our attempt to provide an alternative range of narratives, which resonate with people's diverse experiences. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. The many lives of Charles Darwin: early biographies and the definitive evolutionist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lightman, Bernard

    2010-12-20

    This article focuses on the early book-length biographies of Darwin published from his death in 1882 up to 1900. By making 1900 the cutoff point I can examine the biographies produced when the iconic figure was not yet set in stone, and before the rediscovery of Mendel's work in the early twentieth century and the anniversary celebrations of 1909 changed the way in which Darwin was regarded. Darwin's biographers dealt with three major themes. First, several biographers emphasized his scientific abilities, in particular his powers of observation and his prowess in conducting experiments. Second, many biographers discussed his character, a key issue in determining whether or not he could be trusted as a scientific guide. Finally, his scientific theories and religious beliefs, and how they related to the evolutionary controversy, formed a topic taken up by most biographers. By focusing on these three themes, the biographies published before 1900 were important in shaping the image of Darwin that was forming in American and British culture.

  11. Troubadour Biographies and the Value of Authentic Love: Daude de Pradas and Uc de Saint Circ

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    Thomas Hinton

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The idea of an essential connection between the quality of a song and the sincerity of the emotion it expresses ("I sing because I love" is a topos used in various ways by troubadours, one which lent itself naturally to discussion of their relationship to audiences and to other poets. The topos transferred across to the thirteenth-century biographies (vidas found alongside the songs in numerous manuscripts, as in the arresting claim, made in the vida about Daude de Pradas, that his songs "did not spring from love and therefore did not find favour with audiences." Elsewhere, however, the biographies give a different account of inauthenticity, as the edge which allows troubadours to exercise control over their social environment; significantly, this version of the topos appears in the vida for Uc de Saint Circ, who is believed to be the main author of the corpus. In these contrasting accounts of poetic inauthenticity, we can see the biographies wrestling with questions of control and definition of the cultural capital of troubadour lyric: patron and poet, cleric and lay. The thirteenth century saw authors and their audiences increasingly asserting the lasting cultural value of vernacular literature in general, and (through its association with troubadour production Occitan in particular. Accordingly, these texts reflect the poets' engagement with the court audiences for whom they were writing, at the same time as they look ahead to the enduring record of posterity.

  12. Reflections on Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-Biography “A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx”

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-01-01

    The English translation of Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-biography A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx was published two weeks before Marx’s bicentenary. This article presents reflections on Liedman’s book and asks how one should best write biographically about Marx. The paper compares Liedman’s biography to the Marx-biographies written by Jonathan Sperber (Karl Marx: A Nineteenth-Century Life) and Gareth Stedman-Jones (Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion). A biography is a way of repeat...

  13. Ship’s biographies as a source of the Spanish-Russian naval cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholas W. Mitiukov

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of previously published author’s works about biographies of individual ships, considered Russian-Spanish ship’s exchange as an aspect of naval cooperation between Russia and Spain. There is offer a periodization of this process. The first period (1810-1820-s.) associated with the sale for the Spanish fleet the Russian Baltic Fleet at the end of the Napoleonic wars, that reasons were on the needing to regain the Spanish colonies in Latin America. On two parties there were purchase...

  14. Researcher Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Operations Technology Exchange Initiating Partnerships University Partners Government Partners Industry ., Mechanical Engineering, Unversity of California, Davis (1986); M.M. San Francisco Conservatory of Music (1989 Aerospace Engineering Department, as well as Program Manager of the automotive industry research consortium

  15. Panelists' biographies

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Corey Piccioni

    Dr. Shomba Kinyamba is a Full Professor and Chair of Methodology, Epistemology and Scienfic Research at the. University of Kinshasa. He is a specialist in the field of sociology of development, with a focus on social change. He has coordinated a number of major projects on issues such as mobilizing wealth for the poor, ...

  16. TRACES OF MEMORY. PRELIMINARY REMARKS ON IDENTITY AND BIOGRAPHY OF CRIMEAN TATARS

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    Irena Borowik

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the preliminary analysis of biographical interviews, taken with representatives of Crimean Tatars returning to Crimean Peninsula and settling in the places that they or their ancestors used to live before deportation. The research was conducted in summer of 2008 and 2009, 20 interviews were taken with consideration of age, sex, place of living and level of education. Traces of memory are understood in this article as repeatable elements of biographical narratives. By this virtue those repeated elements refer not only to individual identity but they also build collective identity, more precisely national in this case. The key element of the article is the third part of it where relations between memory and identity are explored in collected biographies. As it appeared in all life-stories deportation from Crimea and return after years are crucial elements of construction of biographies and in all cases it has a form of trajectories. The general conclusion is that memory of these painful events and celebration of it is functional for building the strong collective identity which is based on traditional values, religious and political integration of national minority.

  17. Reflections on Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-Biography “A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The English translation of Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-biography A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx was published two weeks before Marx’s bicentenary. This article presents reflections on Liedman’s book and asks how one should best write biographically about Marx. The paper compares Liedman’s biography to the Marx-biographies written by Jonathan Sperber (Karl Marx: A Nineteenth-Century Life and Gareth Stedman-Jones (Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion. A biography is a way of repeating a person’s life, works and age in a process of reconstruction and retelling. The question that arises is how to write a biography as a dialectical text. Sven-Eric Liedman: A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx. London: Verso, London, 2018. 768 pages., £35.00 hbk. ISBN 9781786635044

  18. THE BIOGRAPHIES OF ROMAN EMPERORS BY KOŽIČIĆ. FAITHFULNESS TO THE SOURCE AND ORIGINALITY IN TRANSLATING

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    Tomislav Mrkonjić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The question relating to the dependence on the source, namely, the matter concerning the originality of the translation of Kožičić’s Biographies (Knjižice od žitija rimskih arhijerejov i cesarov, Rijeka, 1531 was resolved only partially by Günther Tutschke for the reason that he didn’t know the source of the Biographies of the Roman emperors. Since the author of this article has ascertained that the biographical source on the emperors was the work of Giovanni Battista Cipelli (Egnatius, De Caesaribus libri tres, in this article he wishes to present the context in which the translations were produced, compare the structure of the source with the translation, juxtapose the texts known as “Excursus” (De Parthorum et Persarum imperio, Romae captivitas, Maomethis ortus, De origine Turcarum as well as compare individual biographies. The conclusion is that Kožičić demonstrated a certain level of originality in his translations regarding the structure, the selection and elaboration of the “Excursus”, and in converting particular terminology. In many instances he integrated the biographies with the information regarding the local history, especially concerning Croats and southern Slavs.

  19. Biographies of Heroes. Grade 2 Model Lesson for Standard 5. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Priscilla

    Students focus on people who make a difference. The unit features men and women whose achievements have had a direct or indirect influence in the students' lives. These individuals include heroes from long ago and the recent past along with people who are currently active in the local community. The unit is crafted around biographies. It aims to…

  20. Hindu, Muslim and Sikh Religious Education Teachers' Use of Personal Life Knowledge: The Relationship between Biographies, Professional Beliefs and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everington, Judith

    2014-01-01

    The article reports the findings of a qualitative study of Hindu, Muslim and Sikh teachers of religious education and the relationship between their biographies, professional beliefs and use of personal life knowledge in English, secondary school classrooms. This relationship was explored through a study of five beginning teachers and provided…

  1. WILLIAM GURNEE SINNIGEN - 20TH CENTURY CLASSICIST AND ROMAN HISTORIAN: BIOGRAPHY & BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Gray Marsh

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available William Gurnee Sinnigen was a Classicist and Roman historian, active in the mid-to-late 20th century. Trained at the University of Michigan by noted Roman administrative historian Arthur E. R. Boak, Sinnigen continued his mentor’s work in administrative history, producing several articles on different aspects of Roman and Byzantine administrative topics.  Sinnigen was also responsible for the revision and update of Boak’s acclaimed textbook on Roman history, as well as Charles Alexander Robinson’s textbook on Ancient history.  This article will provide a brief biography of Professor Sinnigen, along with a bibliography of his published works and reviews by other scholars of his work.

  2. An Account of ... William Cullen: John Thomson and the Making of a Medical Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuttleton, David E

    2014-01-01

    John Thomson's An Account of the Life, Lectures and Writings of William Cullen (1832; 1859) remains a primary source for the career of the most influential academic physician in eighteenth-century Scotland and is also a significant work of medical history. But this multi-authored text, begun around 1810 by the academic surgeon, John Thomson, but only completed in 1859 by Dr David Craigie, has its own complex history. This chapter addresses what this history can reveal about the development of medical biography as a literary genre. It argues that the Account is a hybrid work shaped by a complex array of practical, domestic, intellectual, and professional pressures, as Thomson, in seeking to bolster his own career, was caught between the demands of Cullen's children for a traditional "Life" and his own more theoretical and socio-cultural interests.

  3. Quest for professionalism: a biography of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal (1826-31).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shultz, S M

    2011-08-01

    This is the biography of a deceased medical journal, the North American Medical and Surgical Journal, born in 1826 in Philadelphia. It was a publication of the Philadelphia Chapter of the Kappa Lambda Society. In the prospectus of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal the promoters observed that a well-conducted journal would achieve the object of elevating the medical profession to its legitimate rank which up to that time had been the recipient of low public opinion. The Journal hoped to inculcate 'a higher standard of excellence not merely in the professional or ministrative but also in the ethical relations and duties of physicians'. After several successful and productive years it passed into history in October 1831, the victim of financial difficulty.

  4. A life of Erwin Schroedinger. 2. ed.; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Walter J.

    2015-07-01

    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientist of the 20th century at all and a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest for men and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he obtained the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedingers cat''. Walter Moore's biography is quite near to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his friendships, his interset for mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  5. The value of human life in contemporary society. The global biography project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nary, G

    1997-12-01

    The closing address at the 1997 First International Conference on Healthcare Resource Allocation for HIV/AIDS and Other Life-Threatening Illnesses is presented. The address discusses the extrinsic value of life and the three forms of material value: spiritual, economic, and political, placed on life by an outside source. It is argued that if spiritual currency, rather than economic or political currency, drove public policy there would be greater progress in reducing the global rate of HIV and more options for care. Further, lack of identity of those afflicted with HIV reduces them to mere statistics, thus decreasing their economic and political clout. Giving identities to people who are sick not only increases empathy but also increases their survivability. The establishment of the Global Biography Project seeks to reestablish spiritual currency as the international currency that underlies every nation's healthcare policies.

  6. A Biography Between Spaces: M.N. Roy, from Indian nationalism to Mexican communism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Goebel

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper traces the global travels of Indian revolutionary Manabendra Nath Roy (1884-1954, with special attention to the tension between nationalism and communism in his transnational political writings and networks. In particular, the article examines Roy's sojourn in revolutionary Mexico between 1917 and 1920, time during which he approached Marxism and signed as one of the founders of the Mexican Communist Party. The paper is therefore based on Roy's own writings, as well as on German and British diplomatic documents. The example of Roy's trajectory is used here to advance a number of more general arguments of theoretical nature regarding the advantages and problems of a transnational  historiography and its relation to biography as a historiographical genre.

  7. éphémérides ou biographie sommaire de Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madeleine Alcover

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Biographie15519 avril : mariage, à Paris, des grands-parents paternels de l’écrivain, Savinien I de Cyrano et Anne Le Maire : celle-ci est la petite-fille d’Étienne Cardon, marchand parisien. À ce jour, l’origine du grand-père paternel n’est pas résolue (sarde ? descendant d’un marchand bourrelier de Sens ?.1555Le couple signe une donation entre vifs qui, en cas de décès, fait du survivant son légataire universel. Quatre enfants leur survivront : Abel, Samuel, Pierre et Anne.1555-1560Savinie...

  8. Unauthorised Biographies: An Analysis Under the Perspective of Robert Alexy's External Theory

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    Adriana Inomata

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paperwork aimed to analyse whether or not the publication of a biography should require the prior authorisation from the subject  or their family. As there is, in this case, a collision between personality rights and freedom of speech, the proportionality test was used to solve such conflict. The first step was to define biography as a non-ficctional genre. The paperwork then aimed to define the theory of the principles, the external theory of the restriction of fundamental rights and the proportionality test developed by jurist Robert Alexy, which are largely used in Brazil by authors like Virgílio Afonso da Silva, Ingo Wolfgang Sarlet and Daniel Sarmento. It was observed that when fundamental rights collide, the proportionality must be verified and as a result there is a conditional precedence relation between the rights. In such case, the ceding right will be restricted by the preciding one. The external theory is a recognised manner of verifying whether the restriction of a fundamental right is legit or if it is a violation. The need for prior authorisation, based on the personality protection, restricts freedom of speech, on the other hand, its exemption is based on the right to freedom of speech. By applying the aforementioned method, a particular rule was developed and the conditions for it to be applicable: freedom of speech prevails over personality rights in given conditions (public figure, over suitable means, no expectation for privacy in the publication, diligence in the verification of truth or social and journalistic interest over the information

  9. Selective neurophysiologic responses to music in instrumentalists with different listening biographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margulis, Elizabeth Hellmuth; Mlsna, Lauren M; Uppunda, Ajith K; Parrish, Todd B; Wong, Patrick C M

    2009-01-01

    To appropriately adapt to constant sensory stimulation, neurons in the auditory system are tuned to various acoustic characteristics, such as center frequencies, frequency modulations, and their combinations, particularly those combinations that carry species-specific communicative functions. The present study asks whether such tunings extend beyond acoustic and communicative functions to auditory self-relevance and expertise. More specifically, we examined the role of the listening biography--an individual's long term experience with a particular type of auditory input--on perceptual-neural plasticity. Two groups of expert instrumentalists (violinists and flutists) listened to matched musical excerpts played on the two instruments (J.S. Bach Partitas for solo violin and flute) while their cerebral hemodynamic responses were measured using fMRI. Our experimental design allowed for a comprehensive investigation of the neurophysiology (cerebral hemodynamic responses as measured by fMRI) of auditory expertise (i.e., when violinists listened to violin music and when flutists listened to flute music) and nonexpertise (i.e., when subjects listened to music played on the other instrument). We found an extensive cerebral network of expertise, which implicates increased sensitivity to musical syntax (BA 44), timbre (auditory association cortex), and sound-motor interactions (precentral gyrus) when listening to music played on the instrument of expertise (the instrument for which subjects had a unique listening biography). These findings highlight auditory self-relevance and expertise as a mechanism of perceptual-neural plasticity, and implicate neural tuning that includes and extends beyond acoustic and communication-relevant structures. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  10. І. Kotlyarevsky’s Biography in B. Levin’s Novel “Funny Sage”

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    Tanya Korniychuk

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available I. Kotlyarevsky is an outstanding personality in the history of Ukrainian literature, whose name has become for many people a symbol of Ukraine, a symbol of spiritual unity around national values. It is not a surprise that the figure of the writer became not only the object of numerous scientific works, but also a source of inspiration for masters of artistic word. B. Levin іn his time made artistic exploration of the phenomenon of I. Kotlyarevsky. B. Levin’s interest of I. Kotlyarevsky emerged during large-scale preparation of Ukrainian community to celebrate the 200 anniversary of the birth of the writer. In 1969 B. Levin wrote the story “Evenings of Academic republic” by order of the memorial museum. It was included in the collection “Wreath to I. Kotlyarevsky”. This work engendered writer’s plan to elaborate biography of famous poltavets more detail. For almost twenty years (1972–1990 on the basis of collected and processed factual material B. Levin wrote a novel, in which seven- stories reflected the most important periods of Kotlyarevsky’s life. Kotlyarevsky’s biography in B. Levin's novel „Funny sage” is analyzed in the article; focused on the character of interactions of known biographical facts about the writer, supported by documentary material, from the author’s fiction. By artistic interpretation of writer’s life way B. Levin showed again a great importance of I. Kotlyarevsky in historical and cultural life of Ukraine.

  11. Notes about Censorship and Self-Censorship in the Biography of the Prophet Muḥammad

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    Lecker, Michael

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study of the medieval literary output about Muḥammad’s life should go hand in hand with the study of his history, for which we have rich evidence in a variety of sources. Ibn Isḥāq’s biography of Muḥammad and its epitome by Ibn Hishām were products of their time. A case of self-censorship applied by one of Ibn Isḥāq’s informants and two cases of censorship applied by Ibn Hishām, who omitted many of his predecessor’s materials, contribute to a better understanding of the social and political context of the biography.El estudio de la producción literaria medieval sobre la vida de Muḥammad debe ir de la mano del estudio de su historia, empresa para la que disponemos de rica información en una variedad de fuentes. La biografía de Muḥammad por Ibn Isḥāq y su epítome por Ibn Hišām fueron productos de su época. Un caso de auto-censura aplicado por uno de los informantes de Ibn Isḥāq y dos casos de censura aplicados por Ibn Hišām, quien omitió muchos de los materiales de su predecesor, contribuyen a una mejor comprensión del contexto social y político de la biografía del Profeta.

  12. Why There Are Certain Parallels Between Joachim C. Fest’s Hitler-Biography and Michael Wolff’s Trump-Book

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    Christian Fuchs

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Joachim C. Fest published one of the most widely read Hitler biographies in 1973. Are there parallels of its analytical approach to Michael Wolff’s “Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House”?

  13. The personal is professional: Connecting white urban middle school science teachers' biographies to their teaching of all students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oey, Esther Ruth

    The purpose of this study was to examine if and in what ways white, urban middle school science teachers use experiences of being marginalized or feeling different to connect to students coming from backgrounds unlike their own---especially students who are racially, culturally, linguistically and otherwise different from them, the school culture and the dominant society. Personal biography was used to frame this study. Data consisted of structured and semi-structured interviews and classroom observations of one female and two male science teachers gathered over one academic year. Results indicated that experiences with difference may be used to inform teachers' practices, but personal biography alone was insufficient to enable the teachers to reflect on their experiences with race, class, gender, and difference. Also, attending to emotions appeared to be an important factor in helping students develop cognitive skills in science classrooms.

  14. An irresponsible biography of the actor Laurence Harvey: motion pictures, white wine, older women & long thin cigarettes

    OpenAIRE

    Brannon, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Tiré du site Internet de Onestar Press: "Pocket edition of Laurence Harvey's "irresponsible" biography by Matthew Brannon. From the back cover of the book : Call yourself an actor ? You're not even a bad actor. You can't act at all, you fucking stupid hopeless sniveling little cunt-faced cunty fucking shit-faced arse-hole ... LAURENCE OLIVIER to Laurence Havery from Robert Stephen's "Knight errant : memoirs of a vagabond actor", Hodder and Stoughton, 1995.".

  15. Biography, policy and language teaching practices in a multilingual context: Early childhood classrooms in Mauritius

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    Aruna Ankiah-Gangadeen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Language policies in education in multilingual postcolonial contexts are often driven by ideological considerations more veered towards socio-economic and political viability for the country than towards the practicality at implementation level. Centuries after the advent of colonisation, when culturally and linguistically homogenous countries helped to maintain the dominion of colonisers, the English language still has a stronghold in numerous countries due to the material rewards it offers. How then are the diversity of languages – often with different statuses and functions in society – reconciled in the teaching and learning process? How do teachers deal with the intricacies that are generated within a situation where children are taught in a language that is foreign to them? This paper is based on a study involving pre-primary teachers in Mauritius, a developing multilingual African country. The aim was to understand how their approach to the teaching of English was shaped by their biographical experiences of learning the language. The narrative inquiry methodology offered rich possibilities to foray into these experiences, including the manifestations of negotiating their classroom pedagogy in relation to their own personal historical biographies of language teaching and learning, the policy environment, and the pragmatic classroom specificities of diverse, multilingual learners. These insights become resources for early childhood education and teacher development in multilingual contexts caught within the tensions between language policy and pedagogy.

  16. Balancing Biography and Institutional History: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park

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    Nancy Cushing

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available When a young naturalist opened his new wildlife park at Wyoming on the NSW Central Coast in the late 1950s, he gave it his own name: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park. Through the park, Worrell made a significant contribution to environmental education, the development of knowledge of captive animal care and display and the provision of antivenoms for the bites of a range of dangerous creatures. More than this, it was the geographic and emotional centre of Worrell’s world: the fulfilment of a childhood dream, a home for his family and a site for forming new personal and professional relationships. In preparation for the jubilee of the park, its history is being written by two academics from the University of Newcastle. An attractive means of creating the necessary narrative structure and human interest to ensure the wide appeal of this history is to follow Worrell’s lead and place his life at the centre of this institutional history. This is the direction suggested by the written sources on the park and it is accentuated by many of our oral informants who organise their memories of the park around Worrell. To what extent can an institutional history be a biography of the person at the heart of that institution? Is it possible to disentangle the life from the institution? This article offers some preliminary answers to these questions through a case study of the writing of a history of Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park.

  17. A biography of Wolfgang Ernest Pauli; La vie de Wolfgang Ernest Pauli

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boudenot, J.C. [Thales, 91 - Palaiseau (France)

    2009-01-15

    This article presents a short biography of Pauli in which we find the most important facts of his scientific career and some stunning sides of his personality. Pauli was born in 1900 in Vienna in an intellectual family. He was very soon interested in physics. At the age of 21 he published a relevant article on relativity, and the same year he presented a doctorate thesis on the quantum description of the H{sub 2}{sup +} molecular ion. As soon as 1925, Pauli discovered the exclusion principle (for which he will receive the Nobel prize in 1945), and was the first to calculate the energy levels of the hydrogen atom by using the Heisenberg formalism. In 1930, he suggested the existence of an unknown particle (the neutrino) to explain the continuous spectrum of the beta decay. In 1934, he found a link between the spin and the quantum statistics that is now called the spin-statistic theorem. Pauli died in december 1958 from a pancreas tumor. (A.C.)

  18. Ship’s biographies as a source of the Spanish-Russian naval cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas W. Mitiukov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of previously published author’s works about biographies of individual ships, considered Russian-Spanish ship’s exchange as an aspect of naval cooperation between Russia and Spain. There is offer a periodization of this process. The first period (1810-1820-s. associated with the sale for the Spanish fleet the Russian Baltic Fleet at the end of the Napoleonic wars, that reasons were on the needing to regain the Spanish colonies in Latin America. On two parties there were purchased five battleships and six frigates. The second period (1904-1917 associated with negotiations for the purchasing for Russian a Spanish warships during the Russian-Japanese war, and the acquisition of five Spanish trawlers in 1915 for the needs of the Arctic Ocean Flotilla. The third period (1936-1939 – mutual capture of merchant vessels and the Soviet aid for Republican Spain, when it was handed over to four torpedo boats G-5-class, two of which at the end of the Civil War were served in the Nationalists Navy.

  19. Adolescent Agentic Orientations: Contemporaneous Family Influence, Parental Biography and Intergenerational Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick; Hitlin, Steven

    2017-10-01

    Agentic orientations developed in adolescence have been linked to better health, well-being, and achievements in the years following. This study examines longitudinal parental influences on the development of adolescent children's agentic orientations, captured by the core constructs of mastery beliefs and generalized life expectations. Drawing on multigenerational panel data from the United States (1991-2011), the study examines contemporaneous family factors, but also how parental biographies (their own transition to adulthood) and parents' own adolescent agentic orientations influence their adolescent children. Study adolescents were 46% male, 52% white, and 15.6 years old on average. The findings indicate that parents' early orientations and experiences in the transition to adulthood have little effect on their children's mastery beliefs, but that parents' generalized life expectations (in adolescence) and having married before having the child were associated with their children's more optimistic life expectations. Contemporaneous family income and optimistic expectations among parents-as-adolescents were somewhat substitutable as positive influences on adolescents' optimistic life expectations. The findings contribute to our understanding of intergenerational and over-time influences on these key adolescent orientations.

  20. Academic Biography in the Context of the Anti-Formalist Campaign of the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena N. Penskaya

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused around two biographical themes. Theme one is history of demolishing Leningrad school of dramatic theory developed in the State Institute of History of Art (GIII in the 1920s. In 1931, the GIII was closed by a Sovnarkom resolution and transformed into Len- ingrad division of the State Academy of Art Studies (LOGAIS established by the same resolu- tion. Theme two is description of the ‘academic traumatism’, traumatic behavior and its bio- graphical effects caused by destruction of a whole scientific trend during the anti-formalism campaign of the early 1930s. Based on archival documents (from the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art, shorthand notes and reports on discussions of the 1930s, we analyze behav- ioral tactics of initiators, participants and victims of the longstanding stigmatization and catalog absolutory, denunciative and repentant narratives. In particular, this paper analyzes the un- published letter to the editors of Rabochiy i Teatr journal written by Alexander Slonimsky, one of the key players in development and obliteration of dramatic theory associated primarily with Alexei Gvozdev’s group and with transformation and dissolution of the leading humanities in- stitutes. The text of the letter appears to be engrained in the complicated mosaic of measures aimed to discredit Meyerhold’s theater practice and Gvozdev as the leader of the scientific school. Deliberate misinterpretation and corruption of self-descriptions along with reconstruc- tion of biographies are some of the most crucial factors that affected reception of cultural pro- jects and their creators in the 1930s and later.

  1. A Biography of Distinguished Scientist Gilbert Newton Lewis (by Edward S. Lewis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Reviewed By Harold H.

    1999-11-01

    until 1904, when he accepted a position that would not be considered a shrewd career move: Superintendent of Weights and Measures in Manila, Philippines! He was there only one year, but it was apparently a productive time, both in a minimally equipped laboratory and with the possible nascence of some of his ideas about bonding. In 1905, Lewis accepted a staff position at MIT, under A. A. Noyes, where he remained until 1912. At MIT, he continued his experimental work on thermodynamic systems and the development of modern thermodynamics, following the lead of J. W. Gibbs, whose work was being largely ignored by other chemists. As Noyes moved increasingly into administrative responsibilities, Lewis took over more and more of the supervision of scientific work in the laboratory. It was the capable job that he did for Noyes that led to his being offered a Professorship and Chair of the College of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. The same spirit of adventure that took Lewis to Manila may be what led to his moving to scientifically backward California. In 1912, there was no serious science going on the Left Coast, and Berkeley was isolated from the nearest civilization (Chicago) by days of travel. Lewis initiated the expansion of great science westward, not only to Berkeley, but also to Caltech (in those days Throop Institute), UCLA, and Stanford. By dint of his contributions to thermodynamics and bonding theory (suggesting that electrons bond in pairs, long before there was quantum mechanical justification for such a strange idea), and his organizational and leadership talents, he turned the Berkeley Chemistry Department from a nonentity into one of the finest anywhere. Later in his career, he contributed to the understanding of the role of isotopes in chemistry and physics. This biography includes a useful listing of Lewis's 168 scientific publications. In an age when many renowned scientists have multiples of this number, it is perhaps good to be

  2. Lytton Strachey, a Rebellious Man of Peculiarity: A Review of Holroyd’s Lytton Strachey: The New Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinchao Xu

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Lytton Strachey: The New Biography is an important biography by Michael Holroyd, portraying the extraordinary life of Lytton Strachey, who is also a biographer, in detail. Based on reading the text of Lytton Strachey: The New Biography, this paper analyzes Lytton Strachey’s most distinct character - rebel combined with the social background and the theory of “the New Biography” in three aspects. First, Strachey’s rebellious character in his daily life is analyzed. His beating falsetto, ironic tone and ambiguous silence make him mysterious; his unique dressing style makes him different in the Victorian Age when people tended to wear similar clothes with others in dark suits; and at this time people were all optimistic because of their powerful country while Strachey was always surrounded by a mysterious pessimistic air. Second, Strachey’s view of love is analyzed. He had a strong tendency of homosexual and most of his lovers in his life were males. While, in the Victorian Age, homosexual was illegal. Under the pressure of morality and law, Strachey still followed his heart and fell in love with his boys. His life interprets what love really is — his love is a kind of humanistic love, rather than simple lust. Third, this paper analyzes Strachey’s feminist and religious view. He was one of the supporters and participants of the feminist movement in the 19th century. In the society which was dominated by males, Strachey realized that human are born equally. Therefore, he started to fight for the females’ rights. In addition, in order to think independently, Strachey did not follow the crowds blindly to believe in God.

  3. On the Terminological Mistake in the Biography of the Astrakhan Cossack Regiment Commander, Major General P.S. Popov

    OpenAIRE

    Astafyev Evgeniy V.

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of authentic documents of the late 18th – early 19th centuries, stored in federal and regional archives of Russia, as well as published materials, the article analyzes the reasons of the terminological mistake made in the biography of commander of Astrakhan’s Cossack regiment, major general P.S. Popov, which had been reproduced in the scientific works for longer than 100 years. So well known person in the Lower Volga region, P.S. Popov was purposefully chosen as an object of hist...

  4. Armorican arrowhead biographies: Production and function of an Early Bronze Age prestige good from Brittany (France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clément Nicolas

    2014-09-01

    , etc.. According to these obvious facts, they symbolize the power of the elites. The genesis of Armorican arrowheads are in all likelihood explained by a climate of increasing social competition, which express itself in Brittany by an individualization of burial rites, a development of metalworking and a reorganization of territories.In this article, we will stress on raw materials selection, technology and know-how, as well as use-wear analyses. All these approaches will help us to trace the biographies of the Armorican arrowheads.

  5. The biography of scientists as a means of communicating science: analogies concerning a hermeneutic or empirical problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Francisca Carneiro

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Sometimes scientists live real dramas or undergo social and psychological conflicts which have a positive or negative influence on the development and recognition of their research, discoveries and inventions in society, including the way they are recorded in history. This being so, the question is: to what extent can science be communicated to the public at large by the use of scientists' biographies as a motivational strategy? The controversy arises from the fact that usual (classical science has traditionally argued for the separation (or de-linking of the research (the object from the researcher (the subject.Thus, if the above-mentioned motivational strategy is used in scientific communication, it could break a dominant methodological trend and consequently lead to a questioning of the myth of axiological neutrality in science. The communication of science by means of scientists' biographies could be useful for reaching a specific public, more directed towards emotional aspects, thereby awakening its interest in science, even amid cultural differences and in environments where interest in science and its utility is lacking. It could also reveal human aspects of the everyday life of scientists, bringing them closer to the public at large, which would contribute to the dissemination of science and knowledge.

  6. Lytton Strachey : l’historien intime de deux reines Lytton Strachey’s Intimate Biographies of Two Queens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannine Hayat

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The British writer Lytton Strachey (1880-1932 wrote biographies of the two most eminent Queens of England: Queen Victoria (1921 and Elizabeth and Essex (1928. The two books made him a very famous historian. However, he would personally have preferred to be admired for his poetry or his plays, for he was a very gifted literary author. Nevertheless many of Strachey’s readers have appreciated his conception of biography, as a means of personal confession while studying the destiny of a public figure. Indeed the Stracheyan way of life, free from Victorian moral standards and guided by the rules of the Bloomsbury group, inspired his story of Victoria and Elizabeth. Both Queens at the end of their lives and at the height of their power carried on strange love affairs: Victoria with her Scottish gillie and Elizabeth with the Earl of Essex, thirty years her younger. In fact, both romances subtly reflect Strachey’s own love affairs. He was himself engaged in a kind of common life with Dora Carrington— the painter, thirteen years younger than him, with whom he was not sexually involved— while he engaged in numerous homosexual love affairs.

  7. Review: Dirk Michel (2009. Politisierung und Biographie. Politische Einstellungen deutscher Zionisten und Holocaustüberlebender [Political Socialization and Biography: German Zionists and Holocaust Survivors and Their Political Attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Bressan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available How do extraordinary experiences, especially during childhood and adolescence, affect political attitudes? Most studies focusing on political movements only implicitly address the connection between biographical experiences and political attitudes. Moreover, a detailed understanding of these impacts often remains merely hypothetical. Biographical studies increasingly address the relationship between politics and biography through empirical and hermeneutic approaches. For his doctoral thesis, Dirk MICHEL conducts autobiographical narrative interviews with 20 Jewish Israelis. Based on their extraordinary biographical experiences, MICHEL categorized the interviewees into two groups—the "German Zionists" and the "German Holocaust survivors." He then conducts semi-structured interviews with each of the participants with the aim of analyzing their political attitudes. However, the conceptual categorization of the interviewees, the empirical investigation of the research question and the subsequent analysis all challenge the underpinning theoretical and methodological concepts of the study. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1203165

  8. "Nostalgia for What Cannot Be": An Interpretive and Social Biography of Stuart Hall's Early Years in Jamaica and England, 1932-1959

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Annette

    2015-01-01

    Much has been written about Stuart Hall's intellectual and theoretical contributions especially after the mid-1960s. This interpretive and social biography places Stuart Hall's life from 1932 to 1959 in a socio-historical context, beginning with his childhood in Jamaica and his early years in England. I draw on Hall's own biographical reflections…

  9. The Effectiveness of the Curriculum Biography of the Prophet in the Development of Social Intelligence Skills of Al-Hussein Bin Talal University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khateeb, Omar; Alrub, Mohammad Abo

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to find out how the effectiveness of the curriculum biography of the Prophet in the development of social intelligence skills of Al-Hussein Bin Talal University students and the study sample consisted of 365 students from Al-Hussein Bin Talal University for the first semester 2014-2015 students were selected in accessible manner.…

  10. Cultural and Corporate Belonging in the Course of Transnational Biographies: A Case Study of a Sierra Leonean Immigrant in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Küver

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available How does cultural and corporate affiliation emerge in transnational biographies? How does it develop under the influence of global and national power structures? These questions are addressed in this study that combines epistemological approaches dealing with the interplay of social and individual factors in identity formation with a structural analysis of historical power relations in form of racism and colonialism. Empirically this paper identifies how immigrants deal with challenges of integration into the host society and incorporate these experiences into their biographical self-construction. It concentrates on African and particularly Sierra Leonean immigrants in Germany. The findings are generated from a reconstructive analysis of selected biographical narrations which were scrutinized from different perspectives. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0903234

  11. On the Terminological Mistake in the Biography of the Astrakhan Cossack Regiment Commander, Major General P.S. Popov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astafyev Evgeniy V.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of authentic documents of the late 18th – early 19th centuries, stored in federal and regional archives of Russia, as well as published materials, the article analyzes the reasons of the terminological mistake made in the biography of commander of Astrakhan’s Cossack regiment, major general P.S. Popov, which had been reproduced in the scientific works for longer than 100 years. So well known person in the Lower Volga region, P.S. Popov was purposefully chosen as an object of historical research. His biography is not typical for the people of provincial hereditary Russian nobility of this period, Astrakhan and Saratov’s nobility in this case, where, although rather conventionally, he was linked for a long time in the historical literature. Thanks to the current research, it was determined that P.S. Popov was born in Walachia, evidently not very rich noble family. For a long time he served in Bug Cossack regiment, where got promoted from Arnaut captain to officer rank. He took part in many campaigns of Russian-Turkish war, was repeatedly injured, and distinguished himself during the capture of the fortresses Ochakov and Ismail. P.S. Popov was awarded the order of St. John of Jerusalem, and golden mark for capture of Ismail. P.S. Popov was married to a daughter of Astrakhan priest, and had seven sons and daughters in this spousal. Already serving in Astrakhan province, he purchased a seigneury for himself and descendants in Tsaritsyn district of the Saratov province. His descendants settled in the Lower Volga region, kept the seigneury in possession, served in military and civil services.

  12. Posthumous Testimony for Dr. Leo Gross and his Family / Restoration of the 'Lost' Biography of a Physician Victim of the Holocaust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrandt, Sabine; Von Villiez, Anna; Seidelman, William E

    At a time when the last direct witnesses of the Holocaust are passing, new approaches to the restoration of 'lost' biographies of victims need to be considered. This investigation describes the potential of an international collaboration including surviving family members. Archival documents discovered in Jerusalem in 1983 concerned a discussion on the cancellation of a medical licence for a German Jewish physician, Dr. Leo Gross of Kolberg, who had been disenfranchised from medical practice under Nazi law. After applying for a medical licence during a 1935 visit to Palestine, Gross remigrated to Germany, where he was imprisoned in a concentration camp. No further information was found until 2014, when a group of scholars linked a variety of archival and internet-accessible sources and located a nephew of Gross. The nephew's testimony, cross-referenced against data from other sources, enabled the reconstruction of the 'lost' biography of his uncle and family, in fact a posthumous testimony. The resulting narrative places Dr. Leo Gross within his professional and social network, and serves his commemoration within this context of family and community. The restored biography of Dr. Leo Gross presents an exemplary case study for the future of Holocaust testimony.

  13. Hannah Arendt - Rahel Levin: duas biografias, sujeito e espelho Hannah Arendt - Rahel Levin: two biographies, subject and mirror

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Sebeika Rapchan

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma reflexão sobre a biografia de Rahel Levin produzida por Hannah Arendt com o intuito de abordar a complexidade desse exercício que revela tanto aspectos metodológicos, quanto dimensões sócio-antropológicas e intelectuais da autora e de seu tema. A análise desse trabalho biográfico, somada a outras fontes conduziu à descoberta de aspectos dos usos adotados por Arendt para o método biográfico, questões relacionadas à identidade e ao surgimento da categoria "indivíduo" na Europa a partir do século XVIII, ao lado de aspectos sutis do pensamento da biógrafa bem como suas relações com a mulher cuja vida a fascinou.This article proposes a reflection about Hannah Arendt’s biography on Rahel Levin aiming to approach this complexity that reveals methodological, social-anthropological and intellectual aspects of both the author and her theme. The analyses of this biographic work along with other sources has taken to the discovery of Arendt’s biographic method, of issues related to identity and the birth of the "individual" category in Europe since the 18th century, sided to subtle aspects of the writer as well as her relations with Levin’s fascinating life.

  14. Scientific biography, cognitive deficits, and laboratory practice. James McKeen Cattell and early American experimental psychology, 1880-1904.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokal, Michael M

    2010-09-01

    Despite widespread interest in individual life histories, few biographies of scientists make use of insights derived from psychology, another discipline that studies people, their thoughts, and their actions. This essay argues that recent theoretical work in psychology and tools developed for clinical psychological practice can help biographical historians of science create and present fuller portraits of their subjects' characters and temperaments and more nuanced analyses of how these traits helped shape their subjects' scientific work. To illustrate this thesis, the essay examines the early career of James McKeen Cattell--an influential late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century experimental psychologist--through a lens offered by psychology and argues that Cattell's actual laboratory practices derived from an "accommodation" to a long-standing "cognitive deficit." These practices in turn enabled Cattell to achieve more precise experimental results than could any of his contemporaries; and their students readily adopted them, along with their behavioral implications. The essay concludes that, in some ways, American psychology's early twentieth-century move toward a behavioral understanding of psychological phenomena can be traced to Cattell's personal cognitive deficit. It closes by reviewing several "remaining general questions" that this thesis suggests.

  15. Werner Heisenberg. The language of the atoms. Life and work - a scientific biography - the ''joyous science'' (youth until Nobel price); Werner Heisenberg. Die Sprache der Atome. Leben und Wirken - Eine wissenschaftliche Biographie - Die ''froehliche Wissenschaft'' (Jugend bis Nobelpreis)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rechenberg, Helmut [MPI fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany). Werner-Heisenberg-Institut

    2010-07-01

    With his discovery that measuring values of complementary fundamental quantities in the microscopic world cannot by arbitrarily precisely determined cutted Werner Heisenberg the Gordian knot for the finishing of quantum theory developed by Planck, Einstein, and others and opened by this a new ''golden era'' in the physics of the 20th century. On the base of the documents from his life and work, i. e. deeds, letters and reports of contemporaries, as well as the published and unpublished essays, books, and articles of Heisenberg - also the later on found, publications or manuscripts mainly coming from the inheritance - resulted this systematic biography of Heisenberg. The author, the last doctoral candidate of Heisenberg relied furthermore on factual and personal knowledges, mainly own remembrances on his doctoral father and his teachers, colleagues, and students. Because of the interest of an authentical biography of the theoretical physicist Heisenberg the presentation of the mathematical approaches and the corresponding derivations could not completely be abandoned. This biography appeals by this both to a scientifically cultivated as a wider in science interested audience and covers the first phase of Heisenberg's life until his Nobel price 1933. [German] Mit seiner Entdeckung, dass sich Messwerte komplementaerer Groessen in der mikroskopischen Welt nicht beliebig genau bestimmen lassen, durchschnitt Werner Heisenberg den Gordischen Knoten zur Vollendung der von Planck, Einstein und anderen entwickelten Quantentheorie und eroeffnete damit ein neues ''goldenes Zeitalter'' in der Physik des 20. Jahrhunderts. Auf der Grundlage der Dokumente aus seinem Leben und Wirken, d.h. der Urkunden, Briefe und Berichte von Zeitzeugen sowie der publizierten und unpublizierten Abhandlungen, Buecher und Artikel Heisenbergs - auch der spaeter aufgefundenen, ueberwiegend aus dem Nachlass Heisenbergs stammenden Veroeffentlichungen oder

  16. Keeleliste elulugude uurimisvõimalusi: Dagmar Normeti mitmekeelne lapsepõlv Eestis. Possibilities of Research on Linguistic Biographies: Dagmar Normet, a Multilingual Childhood in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Verschik

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Recently the investigation of linguistic biographies has become popular among linguists for several reasons. Instead of studying formally-oriented, traditional approaches to second language acquisition and language learning, such research focuses on an individual’s conceptualisation of languages, language acquisition and living with and among multiple languages. Linguistic biographies can be either oral or written narratives, elicited by a researcher or produced by individuals. This includes language-learning memoirs as well. As some studies have demonstrated, a closer look at a linguistic history of a particular individual helps to discover new aspects that generally remain unnoticed in formally-oriented studies, such as the speaker’s personal attitudes, emotions attached to his/ her languages, self-expression in different languages, and instances of multilingual speech (for example, cross-linguistic influence, code-switching, etc.. However, a multilingual person’s narratives, either in written or oral form, should be treated with caution. It has been demonstrated in recent studies that grounded theory approach (i.e., coding and establishing emergent categories and content analysis alone cannot present a full picture of a linguistic biography. As Pavlenko (2007 argues, at least three kinds of reality should be considered: subject reality (how the narrator sees his/her life with multiple languages, text reality (that is, how the text of narration is structured, in what order events are presented and life reality (biographical facts. As in fieldwork in general, a researcher should be prepared to face discrepancies between the picture presented by the informant and other types of reality. From a methodological point of view, an informant should be interviewed several times in his/her different languages or, at the very least; a researcher should be familiar with the languages. In this sense, the European tradition of linguistic biographies

  17. HIV-positive men who have sex with men: biography, diversity in lifestyles, common experience of living with HIV. ANRS-EN12 VESPA Study, 2003.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lert, France; Sitta, Rémi; Bouhnik, Anne-Deborah; Dray-Spira, Rosemary; Spire, Bruno

    2010-01-01

    The conceptualisation of male who have sex with male (MSM) to account for male homosexual behaviour has been developed to facilitate the endorsement of prevention message since the advent of HIV infection. Population studies performed to understand and monitor sexual and preventive behaviour usually recruit respondents through gay-friendly channels such as media, sexual venues or festivals, leading to recruitment bias. Few studies question possible differences according to varying sexual biography and current behaviour within the MSM population. The random sample of HIV+ individuals treated in specialised outpatient clinics (ANRS-EN12-VESPA study, 2003) provides the opportunity to question the MSM conceptualisation regarding sexual biography, social characteristics, current sexual behaviour, use of condom, living with HIV (quality of life, discrimination and participation in NGOs). Among the 2932 respondents, 1309 men reported a lifetime male sexual partner. Information regarding sexual biography (lifetime and current numbers of male and female sexual partners, lifetime number of male and female stable couples) was computed using cluster analysis and identified five profiles: exclusive gay (53.7%), gay with some bisexuality (21.8%), gay with mixed sexual history (8.1%), bisexual (7.8%) and heterosexual with male-to-male sex (8.6%). The profiles matched self-identification better among the most exclusive homosexuals than among men with current bisexuality. These five subgroups differed regarding demographic and social characteristics (except migration status), their period of diagnosis, age and CD4 count at diagnosis. Sexual activity, steady partnership, number of male and female partners, use of sexual venues and illegal substance use were different across subgroups. Reversely, these groups are homogenous regarding experience of discrimination and involvement in People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) activities. These findings among men living with HIV support the MSM

  18. A BIOGRAPHY O

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROFESSOR MUYIDEEN

    2015-12-01

    Dec 1, 2015 ... LIFE AND STYLES OF CONTEMPORARY AFRICAN ARTISTS: A ... Great European artists like Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque ... 1955 and 1965 when most African countries attained independence. By this .... academic work to get him into secondary school. ... His compositions reveal harmony, balance,.

  19. Biography of Peeter Torop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Sünd. 28. nov. 1950 Tallinnas, õppis Tartu 5. Kk. (nüüd Tamme Gümnaasium). 1969-74 õppis TÜ-s vene filol. Töötanud vene kirjanduse kat. kuni 1992, mil tema initsiatiivil moodustati semiootika kateeder

  20. Biography of Hideki Yukawa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Humitaka [Yukawa Memorial Foundation, c/o Yukawa Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2008-06-01

    Life history of Hideki Yukawa is described, together with that of Sin-itiro Tomonaga. They grew upiin Kyoto city and were classmate. Their independency and collaboration had contributed to the growth of physics research in Japan after the end of WWII.

  1. Albert einstein - Illustrated biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sugimoto, K.

    1990-01-01

    A genius of science, but also a great-hearted man who fought his convictions all his life long. That is the Albert Einstein s portrait what draw the documents collected in this book: photographies, talks, letters and narrations, sometimes unpublished. With evidences and anecdotes is drawn a surprising personality of a man full of humor and originality who made his mark, as nobody else, in this tumultuous century. (N.C.)

  2. Biographies Notices biographiques

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    fbouchard

    Joe Karaganis is vice president at The American Assembly at Columbia University. His work focuses on the relationship between digital convergence and cultural production, and has recently included research on broadband adoption, data policy, and media piracy. He is the editor of The Politics of Open. Source Adoption ...

  3. Auto/Biographie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ulbrich, Claudia; Jancke, Gabriele; Bosch, Mineke

    2013-01-01

    History and Culture studies have since long been interested in individual life stories. New autobiographical text are discoved, collected and made available, methods and theories for biographical research are discussed and ideas on the binary construction of gender have been replaced by references

  4. Le choix du périurbain à Québec : nature et biographie résidentielle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrée Fortin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available À l’heure des changements climatiques et du vieillissement de la population québécoise, nous nous sommes interrogées sur ce qui attire et/ou retient des résidents dans le périurbain, souvent au prix de longs déplacements quotidiens pour le travail ou les emplettes. Comme dans certains secteurs périurbains le prix des résidences est très élevé, le choix résidentiel ne se réduit pas à des considérations d’ordre économique. Nous analysons ici une des composantes essentielles du milieu et qui en fait aux yeux de plusieurs un « milieu sain » : la proximité de la nature. En quoi cela constitue-t-il un attrait pour les résidents ? Est-ce parce qu’il permet un mode de vie associé à des activités de plein air, ou plutôt un milieu « naturel » associé aux grands espaces ? Quel rapport les résidents du périurbain ont-il avec la nature qui les entoure ? Dans le cadre d’une recherche qualitative sur l’étalement urbain, nous avons interrogé 132 résidents de six secteurs périurbains de l’agglomération de Québec (Canada, associés autrefois à la villégiature ou à l’agriculture. Les entretiens semi-dirigés portaient sur le choix résidentiel, les représentations de la ville, de la banlieue, de la campagne et du village, les lieux fréquentés dans l’agglomération et le rapport à l’automobile. Il apparaît que les éléments recherchés dans le milieu de vie par plusieurs répondants sont ceux qu’ils ont connus dans leur enfance, dans des banlieues pavillonnaires de première couronne (c’est-à-dire édifiées dans les années 1950 et 1960 ou des régions rurales, dont ils sont majoritairement issus. C’est ainsi que la biographie personnelle semble influencer le choix résidentiel. Pour vivre près de la nature, ils seraient prêts à s’éloigner davantage de la ville qu’ils caractérisent essentiellement par la pollution et le béton. La dépendance à l’automobile que ce mode de vie entra

  5. Biografia coletiva, engajamento e memória: a miséria do mundo Collective biography, commitment and memory: the weight of the world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ângelo Montagner

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho procura relacionar a proposta de biografia coletiva de Pierre Bourdieu e suas possibilidades teóricas com a questão histórica do "engajamento" político dos cientistas, o que acaba por nos inserir no debate sobre o que é um intelectual, tema caro a muitos autores. Como exemplo polêmico, a forma elaborada desse engajamento por Pierre Bourdieu, em seu livro A miséria do mundo, é debatida neste artigo. Por fim, o interesse foi elaborar, à luz dessas ideias, uma proposta coerente de análise das trajetórias sociais e histórias de vida dos indivíduos inseridos em grupos comuns, assumindo como bases o conceito de memória coletiva de Halbwachs e de persona coletiva de Boltanski.This text aims to relate Pierre Bourdieu's proposal of collective biography and its theoretical possibilities to the historical question of the political 'commitment' of scientists, which pitches us once again into the debate on what is an intellectual, a key topic for many authors. As a polemical example, the article discusses the form in which this commitment is elaborated by Pierre Bourdieu in his book The weight of the world. It then seeks to develop these ideas into a coherent proposal for analyzing the social trajectories and life histories of individuals inserted in social groups, taking as its lead Halbwachs's concept of collective memory and Boltanski's notion of collective persona.

  6. «La Perfecta Casada»: from the Model to Representations. Francisca Zorrilla’s Biography, Written by her Husband

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita TORREMOCHA HERNÁNDEZ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The existence of feminine models for Castilian women in the «postridentine» age is well known. Among these models, it stands out a work written by the Augustinian Fray Luis de León (1583. The great number of editions of the work proves its great success. «La Perfecta Casada» set a prototype of what a married woman should be and was read by many women. Decades after the appearance of this work, another was published in Alcalá (1661, which is not an ideal proposal but the story of a real life: the posthumous biography of Francisca Zorrilla written by her husband, Gabriel Álvarez de Velasco, judge at the «Chancillería» of Santa Fe. Her life, especially her married life, was exemplary. This work focuses on the biographical genre, on the author, on the story of life in its descriptive aspect, as well as on the adjustment to the archetype.

  7. [Migration biography and culture as determinants of diagnostic and therapeutic processes in mentally ill immigrants. A systematic differentiation based on a qualitative content analysis of treatment courses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrens, Katharina; Calliess, Iris Tatjana

    2008-01-01

    A systematic differentiation of culture- in contrast to migration-related influence factors in diagnostic and therapeutic processes is introduced. "Culture-related" refers to characteristics caused by values, behavior norms and religious attitudes of the ethnic community a person belongs to. "Migration-specific" refers to consequences of moving one's residence from one country to another (e. g., absence of family, trouble with authorities concerning the legal status or ambivalence with respect to returning to the home country). Based on a theoretic background of these determinants, categories for a content analysis were defined and applied to the treatment records of n = 55 first generation immigrants treated in a psychiatric day clinic of an university hospital. The results suggest that migration biography should not only be considered as affecting vulnerability in the genesis of a mental illness, but rather be classified as a factor of at least as much relevance for therapeutic situations as the usually named cultural diversity: summarizing the results of the qualitative content analysis of the entire treatment courses more cases were influenced by migration specific aspects rather than culture specific aspects.

  8. Scholar – Fictionist – Memoirist: David Lodge’s Documentary (Self-Biography in Quite a Good Time to be Born: 1935–1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusek Robert

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade or so, David Lodge has become not only a reader but also an avid practitioner of “fact-based writing” - be it the biographical novel (The Master of 2004 and A Man of Parts 2011, the autobiographical novel (Deaf Sentence of 2008, the biographical essay (Lives in Writing of 2014 and - finally - a proper autobiography (Quite a Good Time to Be Born of 2015. The aim of this paper is to analyse Lodge’s recent turn to life narratives and, in particular, his autobiographical story of 2015; and, consequently, to address the following questions: Does Lodge’s memoir offer “an experiment in autobiography” (to quote H.G. Wells, one of Lodge’s favourites, or remain a conventional life story immune to the tenets of contemporary life writing? Is it the work of a (self- historian, or a novelist? Does it belong to the “regime of truth,” or is it the product of memory? Finally, is it, indeed, a memoir (as its subtitle claims, or a specimen of self-biography? The paper will show special interest in the work’s generic characteristics and will offer an attempt to locate Quite a Good Time to Be Born on the map of contemporary life writing practices.

  9. Educational Biography of an Arakmbut.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sueyo, Hector

    2003-01-01

    An indigenous Peruvian sociologist of the Arakmbut people describes his educational experiences, including Harakmbut education for survival in the Peruvian rainforest, primary education in a village school with a national "Spanified" curriculum, scholarships that enabled an academic secondary and higher education outside the rainforest,…

  10. Tritium, biography of an element

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keller, C.

    1980-01-01

    Tritium is the lightest radioactive atom, an isotope of hydrogen. In science it has many uses, particularly for marking organic molecules in order to find out about biochemical and medical processes. But also the traces of tritium contained in rain or sea water are used for investigations; they range from establishing the vintage of old wines to ascertaining sea water mixtures. Tritium will become important in large-scale technology if it should become possible to construct fusion reactors, since it is one of the fuels. (orig.) [de

  11. Biography of Dr. Simao Nascimento de Sousa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarkar, A.^red.

    publications in various National and International journals. He has visited several countries viz. Netherlands, Russia, Australia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Maur- itius, Kenya, etc., in connection with joint research pro- grammes. The most significant among...

  12. From botanical biography towards animal iconology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verdoorn, Frans

    1966-01-01

    This essay is mainly a restatement of the biohistorical ideology such as we developed it during recent years. At a recent international congress, I tried to present this in a detached, logical way (1965). At other times, I endeavoured to clarify it by using a case history (1964). In both cases,

  13. Second Birth--Biography: Kalashnikov, M. T.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-06-14

    34 "To build a Monte Cristo or some kind of catapault,--no that’s something like, " said Kuchum. "Some~thinig to shoot." "Yes, change therecord...Kalashnikov saw that the fascist tanks were tumbling and crawling along at the toot ot the hiii. He counted six then two more -60- appeared. Between...this morning." "True, there were," the soldier answered and having counted straightened his fingers. "Soon they will be here for us." "Why is this

  14. Slovenian Pre-Service Teachers' Prototype Biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipovec, Alenka; Antolin, Darja

    2014-01-01

    In this article we apply narrative methodology to the study of pre-service elementary teachers' school-time memories connected to mathematics education. In the first phase of our empirical study we asked 214 Slovenian pre-service teachers to write their mathematical autobiographies. On the basis of the mathematical autobiographies we constructed a…

  15. Einstein une biographie dessinée

    CERN Document Server

    Maier, Corinne

    2015-01-01

    « Je m'appelle Albert Einstein. En voulant comprendre l'univers, j'ai libéré des forces de destruction terrifiantes. Mais il faut continuer à chercher le grand secret du cosmos. » Albert Einstein (1879-1955) est un immense génie devenu, sans le vouloir, une star de la science. Avec ses théories de la relativité restreinte puis de la relativité générale, il a radicalement transformé nos vies. Voici le récit de son existence passionnée et de ses contributions fondamentales.

  16. Douglas MacArthur- An Administrative Biography

    OpenAIRE

    Tehan III, William J.

    2002-01-01

    For more than a half century Douglas MacArthur was a servant of the United States. He is best remembered as a general and a soldier, especially for his leadership during World War II and the Korean War. MacArthur was also the Superintendent of West Point, Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, Generalissimo ( Commander) of the Armed Forces and Military Advisor (Minister of Defense) to the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, and the Supreme Commander Allied Powers and the Military Gove...

  17. Shakespearian Biography and the Geography of Collaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Scheil

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The essay looks at the possibilities for reconciling two vibrant strands of Shakespeare studies. Many scholars have persuasively argued that Shakespeare’s plays were created within the collaborative environment of the London playhouses, involving a variety of influences within the performance network of early modern London. Conversely, recent archaeological work at New Place, Shakespeare’s home in Stratford, convincingly maintains that Shakespeare would have spent the majority of his time here, and not in London. Could Shakespeare have collaborated if he was not based in London? And if his primary residence was in Stratford, how could he have contributed as a collaborator with other playwrights? Resolving the contradictions between these two divergent models is particularly urgent for biographers, who have to chart a geography of Shakespeare’s writing career amid his two locales.

  18. A Short Biography of Israel Moiseevich Gelfand

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    According to Gelfand, Mathematics is like classical music: “The combination of these four things: beauty, exactness, simplicity and crazy ideas is just the heart of mathematics, the heart of classical music”. Rajarama Bhat. Statistics and Mathematics Unit. Indian Statistical Institute, 8th Mile Mysore Road, RVCE Post, Bangalore ...

  19. Davidson's Externalism and Swampman's Troublesome Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Leclerc

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available After the seminal works of Putnam (1975, Burge (1979, and Kripke (1982, the next important contribution to externalism is certainly Davidson’s (mainly 1987, 1988, 1989, 2001. By criticizing the posi-tions of these philosophers, Davidson elaborated his own brand of exter-nalism. We shall first present some features of Davidson’s externalism (the importance of historical-causal connections for the foundation of language and thought, for the explanation of how language can be learned, and how attitudes can be identified by the interpreter, and fi-nally how mental content is determined by appealing to the idea of trian-gulation, to prepare the discussion of a few problems. We then discuss two questions in Davidson’s externalism. First, how to reconcile the fact that external factors determine mental content, as Putnam, Burge and Davidson himself argued convincingly, with token-physicalism, the thesis that mental events are identical with physical events occurring “in the head” (or the thesis that mental events supervenes locally on brain ac-tivities? The second main problem is how to reconcile the first person authority with some prima facie consequences of externalism, mainly that we should know the relevant parts of our (natural and social envi-ronment in order to know the content of our own thoughts? We argue that Davidson’s answer to the first question is not successful, while his answer to the second was a breakthrough.

  20. Biography of biophenols: past, present and future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan K. Obied

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: The term “biophenols” was first coined by Romeo and Uccella in 1996 to denote bioactive phenols in olives replacing the more common and less chemically accurate term “polyphenols”. “Biophenols” has started gaining popularity beyond olive chemistry and currently used by researchers to refer to plant phenols in general. Biophenols constitute the largest group of secondary plant metabolites with ubiquitous presence in plants and wide spectrum of biological activities. During the last three decades, biophenols have seized scientific attention, lured industry and attracted consumers’ interest due to their antioxidative potential in preservation of food and maintaining human health. For the first time, a definition for “biophenols” has been proposed to present a more precise and comprehensive umbrella term to encompass all phenolic compounds of botanical origin. In this article, the author is tracing the landmarks of the history of biophenol research; profiling contemporary research directions; highlighting research controversies and uncertainties; and presenting an outlook of the biophenols future research.Keywords: polyphenols, chemistry, pharmacology, biological activities, antioxidant

  1. (Anti-Biography and Neo-Impressionism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foa, Michelle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes neo-impressionism in relation to the biographical model of art criticism and art history that became increasingly prevalent in France over the course of the 19th century. Examining the critical response to the neo-impressionists, as well as some of their pictures and writings, I argue for the centrality of questions of authorship, individuality, and subjectivity to the group and its reception. I identify a distinctly anti-biographical tendency in the movement, one that disquieted the critics and led them to try and re-inscribe biographical meaning back into the work of Georges Seurat. Indeed, though Seurat instituted a divide between his work and his life in a variety of ways, he also insisted throughout his career on his paternity over the neo-impressionist method. In all of these ways, the relationship between the self and art was a significant and problematic issue for the neo-impressionists and the critics around them.

  2. Henri Poincaré a scientific biography

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Jeremy Gray explores all the fields that Poincar touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today. Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that Poincar's influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous Poincar conjecture. And Poincar's reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein's, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. Poincar the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against ...

  3. A Biography for an Emerging Urban District

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava

    2015-01-01

    Abandoned industrial sites are often the starting oint for urban redevelopment, forcing the involved actors to discuss which qualities are discrded, protected, and reused. By way of a case study of the ongoing redevelopment of the Carlsberg breweries in Copenhagen, the article emphasizes open spa...

  4. Adult literacy biographies: trajectories for changing lives

    OpenAIRE

    Dionísio, Maria de Lourdes da Trindade; Castro, Rui Vieira de; Silva, Ana Cristina Alves

    2012-01-01

    Since 2005, in Portugal, adults that didn’t get a school certificate have the opportunity to get one by means of a process called Recognition, Validation and Certification of Competences (RVCC) which today is the most relevant form of provision of school (basic or secondary level) and professional certification for adults in Portugal. Supported by a key-competencies framework, RVCC can include education and training and takes place in education centres called New Opportunities Centres (NOCs) ...

  5. The olmec hatchet: biography and landscape

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaime R, O.

    2003-01-01

    All study of archaeological characterization parts of the macrostructure of the materials. For the above-mentioned, in our methodology it has preceded the physical description of this materials and their registration. Once inspected and studied the macrostructure of our corpus of information it is necessary to analyze it but it details using several techniques whose scale of work reaches the mineral proportions. To characterize the rock type we use the X-ray diffraction technique. The first problem that we had presented in our investigation was to know the rock type of most of our samples of axes. At macroscopic level we had received different assignments to the same rock: it was said that it was calcareous rock, shale, until it was suggested that it was a clay: caolinite. The diagnostic was made by different geologists. To leave the ambiguity I decided to carry out the analysis of X-ray diffraction. By this way we characterized our material. The problem had consisted of that the rocks had gone for a diagenetic process. When being per millennia under swamp conditions and sour floors, the rocks had lost temper in their external aspect, with what they looked like another type of rocks. The rocks are made up of minerals that in turn they are made up of atoms. The minerals are crystalline solids in the nature and it is possible to analyze them through the X rays. So that it can identify the crystalline organization of the minerals which are those that constitute a rock, it is necessary that the contained electrons in the atoms should be excited so that then they can liberate that energy and being able to read the pattern that they form. This study carries out by means of an electronic microscope of variable pressure Jeol model marks 5900 and another one carries out microanalysis for EDS by means of a detecting Oxford ISIS. This analysis gives us the existent elements in the sample. It was carried out the observation and taken of images of their topography, as well as microanalysis in different areas, mapping and lineal analysis to observe the distribution of the elements. The information is presented in the following way: 1. Pictures of the surface of the sample to low and high amplification. 2. Analysis of a first area presented in an X ray spectrum. 3. Quantitative analysis of the present elements. 4. Mapping of the distribution of the elements in the sample by means of images in colors. 5. Analysis on line to observe the variation of the elements in the sample. 6. In some cases an image is presented with the variation of some element in the case of particles or incrustations. 7. Comparison of spectra in two different areas. For the sample two analysis in different areas were carried out. In this work too, the Moessbauer spectroscopy was carried out to each one of the samples of the different iron minerals to compare with the results of Pires-Ferreira and the one analysis of the minerals of iron of Chalcatzingo of the project of David Grove.(Author)

  6. Information on Genghis Khan, Berke, and Khan Uzbek in Bibliographic Collection of al-Safadi, Salah al-Din Khalil (d. 764 AH. Al-Wafi bi al-vafiyat (الوافي بالوفياب أو تاريخ الصفدي (Complete collection of biographies of deceased persons or the history of al-Safadi »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.R. Zaynuddinov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Publication of Russian translations by V.G. Tiesenhausen of extracts from Arabic sources on the history of the Golden Horde was a breakthrough in this research topic. Thanks to the work of V.G. Tiesenhausen, Russian historical school has become one of the leading research schools and remains such to the present day. However, the work of V.G. Tiesenhausen does not exhaust the entire storehouse of medieval historical and geographical literature in the Arabic language, as he states in the preface to his work. Proof of this is the fact that in voluminous work of V.G. Tiesenhausen we practically do not meet materials from the writings of historians dealing with the narrative biographies, although their works contain very valuable information about the history of the Golden Horde. As examples of such works, we can name the following: 1 al-Safadi (696 AH / 1297 – 764 AH / 1363, “Al-Wafi bi al-vafiyat” (الوافي بالوفياب أو تاريخ الصفدي (Complete Collection of Biographies of Deceased Persons or the History of al-Safadi; 2 al-Safadi (696 AH / 1297 – 764 AH / 1363, (أعيان العصر وأعوان النصر (Outstanding Personalities of this century, and the Champions of Victory; 3 al-Kutubi Muhamamd Shakir (d. 764 AH, (فوات الوفيات و الذيل عليها (Biographies of Deceased Persons not included (in the collection of Ibn Hallikan (608 AH / 1211 – 681 AH / 1282, and addition to them; 4 (al-Maqrisi Taqi al-Din (d. 845 AH, (كتاب المقفّى الكبير (Great Rhymed Book; 5 al-Asqalani Ibn Najar (d. 852 AH (الدرر الكامنة في أعيان المائة الثامنة (Hidden Pearls in a Biography of Outstanding Persons of the eighth century of Hijra; 6 Ibn Taghribirdi (813–874 AH (المنهل الصافي المستوفي بعد الوافي (Pure Completing Source after the “Full”. The purpose of this article is an introduction into academic circulation of the materials from

  7. FOREWORD: Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Milton W.; Crespi, Vincent H.; Dresselhaus, Gene F.; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Mahan, Gerald D.; Sofo, Jorge O.

    2010-08-01

    Peter Eklund grew up in Southern California and attended the University of California at Berkeley, majoring in physics. After working for one year at the Lockheed Missile and Space Company in Sunnyvale, California, he left to pursue graduate studies at Purdue University. There he carried out PhD research in strongly correlated electron and phonon systems under the supervision of J M Honig and L L van Zandt. Peter joined the group of Millie and Gene Dresselhaus at MIT in 1974 as a Postdoctoral Fellow after one year as an instructor at the University of Kentucky. At MIT, he continued work on strongly correlated systems in collaboration with Professor David Adler (who had an adjoining office), but for the most part he got excited about sp2 carbon systems and graphite intercalation compounds, a new research direction which the Dresselhaus group had started one year before Peter's arrival at MIT. Over the next 35 years Peter, Millie and Gene co-authored over 50 research articles, several review articles, and a big nine-hundred-and-fifty page book. In 1974, they saw graphite intercalation compounds as a long-neglected research direction of great promise. They studied these new materials together over the next 16 years, focusing on their optical spectroscopy. Their pioneering vibrational spectroscopy studies provided a means to characterize the fundamental properties of carbon materials. Optical spectroscopy became a centerpiece in the research portfolios of all three, both when they were together at MIT and after Peter left for the University of Kentucky in 1977 to start his independent career as an Assistant Professor of Physics. Peter became a full Professor at Kentucky in 1986. He continued to work with Millie and Gene and also acquired an ever-expanding network of students, postdocs and collaborators. As each new carbon nanostructure emerged—graphite intercalation compounds, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and most recently graphene—Peter was at the cutting edge, leading the charge forward. His work on fullerenes, starting around 1988, culminated in a book co-authored with Millie and Gene in 1996, The Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes [1]. Through careful sample handling and analysis, his group at Kentucky discovered the mechanism of photo-polymerization in fullerenes. In 2000, Peter co-edited the research monograph Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene Polymer Composites with A M Rao, a former student [2]. His group at Kentucky also performed the first definitive Raman study of the phonons responsible for superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerene compounds. Peter was awarded the prestigious University of Kentucky Research Professorship for his contributions to graduate education and research discoveries in carbon materials. In the summer of 1991, Peter held early discussions with his two long-time collaborators on the possibility of carbon nanotubes. These discussions inspired a talk by Millie at a fullerene workshop the next day concerning the possible existence of single-walled carbon nanotubes [3]. The first papers by Iijima on the synthesis of multiwalled nanotubes appeared soon thereafter [4]. In 1994, Peter measured an early Raman spectrum on a sample containing just 1% of single-walled tubes. On the basis of this early work, he convinced Rick Smalley to provide him with a proper sample of single-walled carbon nanotubes in 1996; this is the sample on which the highly cited single-walled carbon nanotube Raman spectrum was taken [5]. Carbon nanotubes then became a central focus of the Eklund group. Peter, Millie and Gene worked together on many aspects of carbon nanotubes, including the study of infrared-active modes, Raman active modes, Raman spectra for single-walled nanotubes, and the differences in the Raman spectra of semiconducting and metallic tubes. In 2009 they combined efforts to investigate phonons in graphene. Peter was also an entrepreneur. He started a company, CarboLex, to make and sell nanotubes in large quantities, thereby giving industrial support to advancing fundamental science. He co-founded two additional companies: PhotoStealth produced computer-generated camouflage patterns printed on textiles and ICMR pursued laser-driven synthesis of nanoparticles and coatings. ICMR moved from Lexington to Silicon Valley and evolved into Nanogram, later reorganized as NeoPhotonics. Both CarboLex and NeoPhotonics are still actively engaged in the research and development of nano-materials. Peter joined the Physics Department at Penn State University in 1999, becoming a Distinguished Professor in 2008. In 2002, he also joined the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. In addition to further seminal work on carbon materials, Peter initiated a research effort in semiconducting nanowires, obtaining the first clear evidence of phonon confinement in 1D nanostructures. After the Novoselov-Geim work on monolayer graphene appeared, once again Peter Eklund was there to publish very early Raman spectra on monolayer, bilayer and few-layer graphene. Thus, the work of Peter Eklund unfolds the leading wave of discoveries in carbon nanostructures starting in 1974 and continuing over a thirty-five year period to August 2009. Peter mentored more than 40 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. He co-authored over 300 research articles and more than 20 chapters in monographs. His scientific oeuvre has been cited more than 16 000 times. Peter acquired three US patents with five more pending. He was recognized with the Japan Carbon Award (2008), the American Carbon Society Graffin Award (2005), American Physical Society Fellowship (1990), and visiting/honorary professorships in Nankai University, Yokohama City University, Shinshu University, Tokyo Science University, and (as a visiting scientist) in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. From 2003 to 2006 he was a member of the Solid State Sciences Committee of the US National Academy of Sciences. Peter enjoyed challenges. He was in his glory while interpreting the stories told by experimental data in partnership with his colleagues and research team of dedicated postdocs and students. Peter was admired all over the world for his creativity, his kindness, his engaging personality, his breadth of interests, his sensitive character and his quick wit. Several friends have shared their memories: Kumble Subbaswamy (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter, along with Karen, were the gentlest and most generous souls I have ever met. He picked up stray dogs and stray graduate students alike, nurturing them through sickness and health. I will never forget the hospice-like care he provided to one international student who worked in his lab, but succumbed to cancer. In his early days at Kentucky, when funds to support his research were very scarce, he made frequent visits to the military surplus store nearby and behaved like a kid in a candy store, bringing back all sorts of electrical and mechanical parts for his experiments. It is in no small measure due to this ability that he built such a successful career. Peter was without peer when it came to instrument design and fabrication. I mentioned to him, during my job interview at the University of Kentucky (where he arrived one year before me), my interest in studying the Raman spectra of molten alkali halides. Several months later when I arrived on campus, I was surprised to find he had constructed a beautifully crafted Raman chamber supporting a contactless molten sample! He had anticipated and addressed every possible complication.' Qihua Xiong (Nanyang Technical University, Singapore): 'Peter was a great mentor; he knew how to stimulate students to explore their full potential. Students could knock on his door with questions or with new data any time. He was always patient. He explained physics with his fountain pen on a notepad or with a marker on a white board until students understood. When students made mistakes, he never blamed the student, because he believed it is part of training to allow students to make mistakes. I once designed a mask adapter to connect our existing three-inch photomasks to Srinivas's four-inch mask aligner. The design looked beautiful and the machine shop did a perfect job to machine and polish the piece. Unfortunately, I made a stupid mistake. The central opening was slightly larger than the square vacuum groves behind the mask holder and as a result, it leaked! I was very disappointed in myself, as I not only wasted grant money but also delayed our experiment. Peter patted my shoulder, picked up a sharpie and wrote on the mask adapter, 'even great people make mistakes, but they learn.' So we machined another one, and it worked well. This failure piece still stands on my bookshelf. I keep it as a motto: it warns me not to make any mistakes like that, but more importantly it encourages me to be a supervisor like Peter.' Joe Brill (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter's occasional impetuousness and his love of physics are illustrated by the following anecdote. In December, 1979, I had just joined the faculty at the University of Kentucky, excited about the prospect of collaborating with Peter, who had arrived two years before. I was, therefore, dumbfounded when Peter abruptly announced his resignation to join IBM to do research on printer ink. After less than two days at IBM, however, he sheepishly asked to come back to the UK, explaining that he couldn't enjoy doing research that didn't involve 'h-bar'. His UK colleagues, who had not even had the chance to raid his lab, of course agreed with great amusement and relief. His joy and enthusiasm for physics remained contagious and unforgettable.' Milton Cole (Penn State University, USA): 'Somehow my very last conversation with Peter, two days before his death, typified the hundreds of conversations we had about science, or even philosophy. His first words after greeting me consisted of a hypothetical explanation of the physical mechanism of a new intravenous tube he was obliged to use. He conveyed on that occasion the very same excitement that he displayed years earlier when he volunteered to present a demonstration of electrical circuitry to a group of third-grade students. Those eight-year olds became as enthusiastic as Peter. It is no wonder that Peter was so admired and loved.' Jackie Bortiatynski (Penn State University, USA): 'I loved working with Peter on summer science camps for kids. He was creative, funny, brilliant, and an inspiration. I just don't know where he got all his energy. I will truly miss him as a colleague.' Toshiaki Enoki (Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan): 'Peter was very serious in his research work, but he also had an amiable personality with a very good sense of humour. I remember the occasion of a small international workshop, which was chaired by me in Ise, Japan in 1985. We had serious and intensive discussions in the scientific session, then in the evening we enjoyed an excursion and banquet in Ise, a small old town with a famous shrine named Ise Jingu. Peter romped out with joy wearing yukata (Japanese traditional night clothes) after taking a hot spring.' Robert Haddon (University of California, Riverside, USA): 'Peter was the driving force in creating a position for me at the University of Kentucky in 1997. After I joined Kentucky, we immediately focused on the large-scale synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes and we became one of a handful of research groups that could produce single-walled nanotubes in quantity. Soon after, we founded CarboLex and the university was awarded an NSF MRSEC on Advanced Carbon Materials. For most of the time that I spent at Kentucky, our research groups met as a unit and our collaboration greatly assisted me in making the transition to academia. Above all, Peter was a physicist in very much the same tradition as the great colleagues that I had been privileged to work with at the Bell Labs. Peter and Karen made me welcome in their home from the time I arrived in Lexington and I have fond memories of the time we spent together.' Photo Keith Williams (University of Virginia, USA): 'In 1993, Peter introduced me, in the dark, to his postdoc Apparao Rao, who was then doing Raman on C60 at Kentucky. I thought it was pretty interesting and that was how I began working for Peter. I was an exile from high-energy physics: the SSC had just been canceled and I had drifted in and out of biophysics and AMO and finally settled on Peter's brand of experimental nanomaterials physics. I immediately enjoyed Peter's ingenuity and his wonderful sense of humour. One aspect of Peter's character not widely appreciated by his students was his thrift: if something could be made, borrowed (with or without consent), or used after-hours then he always advocated that strongly. More than once, we got demo equipment, ran an all-nighter on it to collect data and then sent it back a day later. Almost nothing was bought off the shelf! Peter attributed these tendencies to his ancestry, and that was an unending joke between us. Of course, the strategy of making every penny count benefited me greatly in the long run, and last year I told him I had outdone him in my lab: almost everything was built from scratch, and everything else was on loan. He smiled a proud smile. On the personal side, however, Peter was always very generous; I fondly recall the dinners with him and Karen and the other students, their beloved dogs, with the Beach Boys inevitably playing in the background. Peter and Karen were wonderful to me and so many other students, and it didn't surprise me at all to learn that Peter's last scientific concern was that a proposal had been funded and that his students were going to be okay.' Kenichi Kojima (Yokohama City University, Japan): 'In 1997, Peter came to Yokohama as a Guest Professor at Yokohama City University to give his lectures to our graduate students. Peter was an excellent lecturer, of course. But when I played tennis with him for the first time, I found that he was an amazing tennis player as well. He hit the ball really hard, and his serves were amazingly fast. During his stay, Peter liked stopping over at a typical traditional Japanese-style pub for dinner by himself. One day he wanted to have a beer before dinner. However, he was not sure how to order draft beer in Japanese, and the manager of the pub did not understand English. He carefully listened to what the customers around him said when they ordered beer. He then said in a loud voice, 'Please give me a glass of mama beer.' In Japan, female servers in pubs are often called 'mama' by customers, and we call draft beer 'nama beer' because 'nama' means 'living' in Japanese. Probably 'nama' sounded like 'mama' to Peter. Later he proudly told me, with a happy smile, how he got a delicious draft Kirin beer. Peter loved not only science but also traditional Japanese culture. He was a polished person. I would like to show you the words written in his own hand in my visitor's book when he came to my home after playing tennis in 1997. May his soul rest in peace!' Photo Millie Dresselhaus (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA): 'At the time of Peter's entry into the study of sp2 carbons in 1974, the field was an eclectic area of science that only interested a small group of aficionados. Through his many contributions during the next 35 years as well as those of others, the field has grown dramatically, and now it is a major area of interest in condensed matter and materials physics worldwide. Working on joint projects together with Peter Eklund was both educational and enjoyable. In our joint efforts, I was responsible for the big picture, Peter was the master of experimental details and Gene Dresselhaus was the man responsible for getting things done well and on time. During the last 35 years of his life, starting from his postdoctoral period, we enjoyed a close working relation, especially for the first 25 of these years, overlapping with his stay at the University of Kentucky. As his career developed, our relationship changed from a postdoctoral advisor, to a collaborator, friend, and confidant. After his mother passed away I assumed the role of his 'second mother' as he called me. We remained very close personally, even though far away in location and despite his many other professional collaborators. Looking to the future, life without Peter will never be the same.' References [1] Dresselhaus M S, Dresselhaus G, and Eklund P C 1996 Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes (New York: Academic Press) [2] Eklund P C and Rao A M 1999 Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene-Polymer Composites (Springer Series in Materials Science vol 38) (Berlin: Springer) [3] Dresselhaus M S 1991 Recent advances in electronic materials Proc. of the 38th Sagamore Army Mater. Res. Conf. (Watertown, MA, Materials Technology Laboratory) ed Thomas V Hynes p 45 [4] Iijima S 1991 Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon Nature 354 56-8 [5] Rao A M, Richter E, Bandow S, Chase B, Eklund P C, Williams K W, Fang S, Subbaswamy K R, Menon M, Thess A, Smalley R E, Dresselhaus G and Dresselhaus M S 1997 Diameter-selective Raman scattering from vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes Science 275 187-91

  8. Implicaciones del VIH/SIDA en la biografía de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la Ciudad de México Implications of AIDS on the biography of men with homoerotics practices in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Gallego-Montes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar los cambios en la configuración biográfica de un conjunto de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la era del sida. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se aplicó una encuesta retrospectiva durante el primer semestre de 2006 a una muestra intencional de 250 varones en la Ciudad de México. Con ellos fue posible reconstruir 633 historias de pareja ocurridas en diferentes momentos del tiempo. Por otro lado, tomando como base el comportamiento epidemiológico del VIH/SIDA en México, se construyeron tres cohortes de emparejamiento: "antes del sida" 1970-1984; 1985-1995 o periodo de "crecimiento exponencial" y 1996-2005 o de "estabilización" de la epidemia. RESULTADOS: Durante el periodo en estudio se encontró una menor exclusividad sexual y una menor duración en las relaciones de pareja, entre cohortes de emparejamientos. Este proceso ha sido documentado en otros lugares y se le ha llamado de "distensión sexual". CONCLUSIONES: El estudio aporta elementos para una historia social de la epidemia y el mejoramiento de políticas públicas de prevención en torno al VIH/SIDA.OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in the biography of men with homoerotic practices in the times of AIDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective (biographical survey was administered during the first semester of 2006 to 250 gay/homosexual men in Mexico City. Based on this survey, 633 couple stories, taking place in different time periods, were reconstructed. In addition, taking into account the epidemiologic behavior of HIV-AIDS in Mexico, three couple cohorts were defined as: "before AIDS" 1970-1984; period of "exponential growth" 1985-1995; and "stabilization period" 1996-2005. The 633 stories are distributed along these time-frames, taking the starting date of each relationship as the criterion. RESULTS: During the period of this study, less sexual exclusivity and shorter duration of sexual relationships were found among couple cohorts. The latter process has been

  9. Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez, the Catholic exemplar: notes for a political and intellectual biography up to 1963 | Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez o el católico total: apuntes para una biografía política e intelectual hasta 1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Muñoz Soro

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The biography of Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez is a virtual paradigm of two historical phenomena which distinguished the last two decades of the Franco regime and, to a large extent, paved the way for the future democracy: on the one hand, the rift between Catholic and Falangist intellectuals and the regime which they had enthusiastically helped to establish after the civil war; and on the other, the secularization of its political thinking and practice. Ruíz-Giménez, ambassador and minister under Franco, was an exception among the Catholic laity that collaborated with the dictatorship, in that he held high government positions and, despite all the reservations concerning his personal development, for many of his peers as well as many aspiring figures of the coming generations, he symbolized the definitive renunciation of all legitimacy of power based on victory in battle or on Catholic natural law, and the definitive adoption of the language of human rights and democracy. | La biografía de Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez representa casi de manera paradigmática dos fenómenos históricos que caracterizaron las dos últimas décadas del franquismo y sentaron, en buena medida las bases de la futura democracia: por un lado, el alejamiento de los intelectuales católicos y falangistas respecto al régimen que habían contribuido a levantar con entusiasmo tras la guerra civil; por otro, la secularización de su pensamiento y práctica política. Ruiz-Giménez, embajador y ministro de Franco, fue una excepción entre los seglares católicos que colaboraron con la dictadura desempeñando altas responsabilidades de gobierno y, pese a todas las cautelas de su evolución personal, simbolizó para bastantes compañeros de su generación, así como para muchos jóvenes alumnos de las nuevas generaciones, la renuncia definitiva a toda legitimación del poder basada en la victoria de las armas o en el iusnaturalismo católico y la adopción irreversible del lenguaje de

  10. Biography of louis braille and invention of the braille alphabet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Javier; Olea, Jesús; Torres, Jesús; Alonso, Inmaculada; Harder, Dirk; Fischer, Konstanze

    2009-01-01

    Louis Braille (1809-1852) was born in France. At the age of three, he wounded his right eye with a cobbler's tool while playing in his father's workshop. No medical knowledge could save his eyesight at that time. Louis's left eye became inflamed, apparently due to subsequent sympathetic ophthalmia, and he eventually lost the sight in that eye. At the age of five, Louis Braille was completely blind. He is considered to be the inventor of a writing system by touch that bears his name, the Braille system. This revolutionary system has allowed blind people to access written culture, and it can therefore be considered a major advance in the quality of life for the blind. The immediate precursor of the invention of the Braille system was the alphabet created by Charles Barbier de la Serre (1767-1841) who created a language by touch designed for military and secret use. Louis Braille modified this alphabet into the Braille alphabet, which is practically the same one that is currently used. It required time to be recognized and to be implemented as a reading and writing method for blind people throughout the world. In 1950, UNESCO effectively universalized the Braille alphabet, and in 2005 it recognized Braille system as a "vital language of communication, as legitimate as all other languages in the world."

  11. For the Biography of Russian Accountant Yaroslav Sokolov

    OpenAIRE

    Sokolov, Viatcheslav

    2013-01-01

    In the field of Accounting theory, Yaroslav Sokolov created an original school based on his research on Facts of Economic Life based on the epistemology of Immanuel Kant. Accounting is viewed as a sequential reconstruction of Facts of Economic Life through sequential description of a variety of information (for example statistical, financial, actuarial or accounting) which these Facts include, and which are called stratums. Each description is built on a synthesis of experiences (observation ...

  12. American Inventors, Entrepreneurs, and Business Visionaries. American Biographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Charles W., Jr.

    This book offers a look at those men and women who have made history with their innovative ideas, entrepreneurial daring, and abilities to take the seemingly impossible and make it real. While not every person in the book is well known, many are household names. Their successes, the diversity of their backgrounds, and the talents that these…

  13. Biography of Professor M. El-Bahay Issawi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdeen, Mamdouh M.

    2017-12-01

    Prof. Mohamed El-Bahay Issawi is a remarkable geologist and is without doubt one of the most important Egyptian geologists ever. His work in the Western Desert is extensive and legendary, and it is hard to imagine any single geologist ever again matching the extent of his field work in that remote region. He has had an enormously productive career involving a wide variety of research and applied topics. He discovered the Abu Tartur phosphate deposits, iron ore deposits of the Bahariya Oasis, and the Kalabsha kaolin deposits south of Aswan. He did extensive field work and aerial-photo mapping of the Western Desert over many years and authored many carefully documented papers that are still cited today. He wrote several books about the Phanerozoic geology of Egypt. Prof. Issawi has served his science and his nation over his long and outstanding career.

  14. Biography of Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opriş. Professional maturity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotaru, Alexandru; Rotaru, Horatiu

    2017-01-01

    Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opris was the founder and Chair of the Clinic and University Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Cluj, after the Education Reform of 1948. The article illustrates how the founder of these institutions led a valiant struggle for obtaining and arranging a location for the newly established Faculty of Dentistry, within the Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy. Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opriş established himself as the most prodigious researcher at the Faculty for over a quarter-century, until his retirement, introducing his original conception in the therapeutic and surgical field. He created in Cluj-Napoca a specialist medical school by imposing national prestige for the institution that he led.

  15. Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921- Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Fatih Yavuz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available he American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.

  16. Narcissistic biographies--third age self-transcendence abilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nirestean, Aurel; Lukacs, Emese; Cimpan, Dana; Nirestean, Tudor

    2014-02-01

    Narcissistic traits interfere in the process of self-determination and the individual motivational strategies of human beings. The grandiose and vulnerable narcissistic personality subtypes have difficulties in their education, interpersonal relationships and quality of life. The latter is also affected by ageing, whose attributes influence, above all, one's self-esteem, especially in women. Though very fearful of suffering and death, narcissists have a powerful desire to overcome them by cultivating their grandiosity, especially through the mystical and paranormal experiences they relate. The spiritual means of transcending one's self, including the components of magical thinking, can prevent the destruction of self-esteem in narcissists in their third-age. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. Interview with Michael Apple: The Biography of a Public Intellectual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    Michael W. Apple is the John Bascom Professor of Curriculum and Instruction and Educational Policy Studies in the Departments of Curriculum and Instruction (CI) and Educational Policy Studies (EPS) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Education where he has taught since 1970. Michael Apple is one of the foremost educational theorists…

  18. Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921-) Biography

    OpenAIRE

    K. Fatih Yavuz; M. Hakan Türkçapar

    2012-01-01

    Aaron Beck was born in Providence, Rhode Island, USA, the youngest child of four siblings. Beck attended Brown University, graduating magna cum laude in 1942. Then he attended Yale Medical School, graduating with an M.D. in 1946. After his graduation, he served a rotating internship, followed by a residency in pathology at the Rhode Island Hospital. Although initially not interested in psychiatry, a residency in neurology at the Cushing Veterans Administration Hospital in Framingham, MA, requ...

  19. "The Gaze Heuristic:" Biography of an Adaptively Rational Decision Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamlin, Robert P

    2017-04-01

    This article is a case study that describes the natural and human history of the gaze heuristic. The gaze heuristic is an interception heuristic that utilizes a single input (deviation from a constant angle of approach) repeatedly as a task is performed. Its architecture, advantages, and limitations are described in detail. A history of the gaze heuristic is then presented. In natural history, the gaze heuristic is the only known technique used by predators to intercept prey. In human history the gaze heuristic was discovered accidentally by Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter command just prior to World War II. As it was never discovered by the Luftwaffe, the technique conferred a decisive advantage upon the RAF throughout the war. After the end of the war in America, German technology was combined with the British heuristic to create the Sidewinder AIM9 missile, the most successful autonomous weapon ever built. There are no plans to withdraw it or replace its guiding gaze heuristic. The case study demonstrates that the gaze heuristic is a specific heuristic type that takes a single best input at the best time (take the best 2 ). Its use is an adaptively rational response to specific, rapidly evolving decision environments that has allowed those animals/humans/machines who use it to survive, prosper, and multiply relative to those who do not. Copyright © 2017 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  20. talking back: biography as friendship in anna banti's artemisia1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Writing the life of another woman requires some of the same qualities ... marks Artemisia's second death; the first being the artist's prolonged absence from ..... has come under discussion again in a recent debate following the publication of monographs .... post-war Italy, the narrator recognises Artemisia's struggle and.

  1. Henri Poincaré a biography through the daily papers

    CERN Document Server

    Ginoux, Jean-Marc

    2014-01-01

    On July 17, 2012, the centenary of Henri Poincaré's death was commemorated; his name being associated with so many fields of knowledge that he was considered as the Last Universalist. In Pure and Applied Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy, Engineering and Philosophy, his works have had a great impact all over the world. Poincaré acquired in his lifetime such a reputation that, both nationally and internationally, his life and career were made the object of various articles in the daily papers not only in France, but also in the USA. Some of his philosophical concepts have even caused sharp controversies in the Press (as we will discover in this book).This work presents an original portrait of Henri Poincaré based on various press cuttings from The New York Times, The San Francisco Sunday Call, The Times, The Sun, The Washington Post that chronicled unknown anecdotes of his life (for example, his first name was actually not Henri, but Henry; he obtained his high school diploma in sciences with a zero in mathem...

  2. Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921- Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Fatih Yavuz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Aaron Beck was born in Providence, Rhode Island, USA, the youngest child of four siblings. Beck attended Brown University, graduating magna cum laude in 1942. Then he attended Yale Medical School, graduating with an M.D. in 1946. After his graduation, he served a rotating internship, followed by a residency in pathology at the Rhode Island Hospital. Although initially not interested in psychiatry, a residency in neurology at the Cushing Veterans Administration Hospital in Framingham, MA, required rotation in psychiatry intrigued him with some of the more recent developments in the field. He spent two years as a fellow at Austin Riggs Center at Stockbridge where he acquired substantial experience in conducting longterm psychotherapy. The Korean War shifted Beck’s area of work to the Valley Forge Army Hospital where he was Assistant Chief of Neuropsychiatry. Dr. Beck joined the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Pennsylvania in 1954. He initially conducted research into the psychoanalytic theories of depression. He developed a different theoretical-clinical approach that he labelled cognitive therapy. Since 1959 he has directed funded research investigations of the psychopathology of depression, suicide, anxiety disorders, panic disorders, alcoholism, drug abuse, personality disorders, and schizophrenia and of cognitive therapy of these disorders. Currently Aaron T. Beck, M.D., is the President Emeritus of the non-profit Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research, and University Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania and the director of the Psychopathology Research Unit (PRU, which is the parent organization of the Center for the treatment and Prevention of Suicide. He has published more than 550 scholarly articles and 18 books and has developed widely used assessment scales. He has received many prestigious awards including the 2006 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award for developing cognitive therapy, which fundamentally changed the way that psychopathology is viewed and its treatment is conducted. He has been listed as one of the “10 individuals who shaped the face of American Psychiatry” and one of the 5 most influential psychotherapists of all time by The American Psychologist (July 1989. [JCBPR 2012; 1(2.000: 77-80

  3. Finding Shakespeare’s New Place: An archaeological biography

    OpenAIRE

    COLLS, Kevin; Edmondson, Paul; MITCHELL, William

    2016-01-01

    Foreword by Michael Wood\\ud It is a scarcely believable chance that so many buildings connected with Shakespeare’s life survive in and around Stratford-upon-Avon: Henley Street, the Hathaway cottage in Shottery, Hall’s Cro6, and Nash’s House. Robert Arden’s homestead is almost intact in Wilmcote; there is even what looks like part of grandfather Richard’s farm on the corner of Bell Lane in Snitterfield. To have all this is astonishingly good fortune.\\ud Of all the houses he lived in, the one ...

  4. Professor Borje Kullenberg (1906-1991): Biography and bibliography

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sengupta, R.; Eriksson, G.

    was undisturbed, the “vacuum principle” was omitted and the “piston principle” and “free-fall principle”, were combined, utilising the enormous hydrostatic pressures at great ocean depths. Thus the piston corer, capable of collecting sediment cores up to 20 m...

  5. Learning in Life History - psycho-societal interpretation of biographies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2008-01-01

    Taking its point of departure from some critical remarks about some of the most important recent theorizing of learning, this article presents an alternative framework for theorizing learning as a subjective process in a social and societal context, based on life history research. The key concepts...... of subjectivity and experience, derived from European critical theory, are briefly introduced with respect to their intellectual background. Based on examples from the author’s research into the professional learning, the article outlines the implications of these concepts in relation to an understanding...... of emotional aspects of learning in everyday life and to an understanding of knowledge. The pivotal role of language use and language socialisation is explained in brief, and a psychodynamic complement to a language game concept of language use is developed....

  6. Never at rest: a biography of Isaac Newton

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Westfall, Richard S

    1980-01-01

    ... Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo, Mexico City Cambridge University Press 32 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013-2473, © Cambridge University Press 1980 USA www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521231435 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant...

  7. SHADES OF VENICE IN THE BIOGRAPHY OF HEGUMEN PALLADY ROGOVSKY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex YASTREBOV

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Pallady Rogovsky was the fi rst Russian doctor of theology and philosophy. While a student of the Slavyano-Greek-Latin Academy directed by the Brothers Lichudes, he left his homeland for the West in order to obtain a full university education. The years which he spent in Europe and particularly in Italy have attracted little notice on the part of Church historians. The study of unpublished materials in Italian archives together with those already published by the Russian researcher E. Shmurlo from the archive of the Propaganda de Fide and the Greek College, which however, remain unnoticed for the great majority of academics, permit us to have an idea of what occupied Rogovsky during this time, as well as to draw a more precise portrait of his personality. Most remarkable is the fact of his priestly ordination in the Roman Catholic Church and the correspondence relating to Rome’s acceptance of his Russian Orthodox diaconal ordination. One of the most informative documents found among those relating to his ordination and addressed to the Roman Curia is the letter of a Russian Catholic, the deacon (later defrocked Petr Artem’ev, in which Artem’ev revealed that Rogovsky already had converted to Roman Catholicism before he left Russia. Equally noteworthy is Rogovsky’s own letter which he composed while in Venice and in which he formulated his plans for the propagation of Roman Catholicism in Russia.

  8. Biography: MADHU SUDAN Madhu Sudan got his Bachelors ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    . UC Berkeley in 1992. From 1992-1997 he was a Research Staff Member at IBM's. Thomas J. Watson Research Center. In 1997 he joined the faculty at MIT, where among other roles he served as an Associate Director of MIT's CSAIL from.

  9. Restabilizing attachment to cultural objects. Aesthetics, emotions and biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzecry, Claudio E

    2015-12-01

    The scholarship on aesthetics and materiality has studied how objects help shape identity, social action and subjectivity. Objects, as 'equipment[s] for living' (Luhmann 2000), become the 'obligatory passage points humans have to contend with in order to pursue their projects (Latour 1991). They provide patterns to which bodies can unconsciously latch onto, or help human agents work towards particular states of being (DeNora 2000, 2003). Objects are central in the long term process of taste construction, as any attachment to an object is made out of a delicate equilibrium of mediators, bodies, situations and techniques (Hennion and his collaborators (Hennion and Fouquet 2001; Hennion and Gomart 1999). In all of these accounts objects are the end result of long-term processes of stabilization, in which the actual material object (a musical piece, a sculpture, an art installation, a glass of wine, the oeuvre of Bach as we know it) is both a result and yet a key co-producer of its own generation. Whereas the literature has been generous and detailed in exploring the processes of assembling and sustaining object-centered attachments, it has not sufficiently engaged with what happens when the aesthetic elements of cultural artifacts that have produced emotional resonance are transformed: what do these artifacts morph into? What explains the transition (or not) of different cultural objects? And relatedly, what happens to the key aesthetic qualities that were so central to how the objects had been defined, and to those who have emotionally attached to them? To answer these questions, this article uses as exemplars two different cases of attachment, predicated on the distinctive features of a cultural object--the transcendence of opera and the authenticity of a soccer jersey--that have undergone transformations. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2015.

  10. A biography of Robert de Kersauson, French volunteer with the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    One of the most colourful foreign volunteers in the Boer army in 1900-1902 was Robert de Kersauson de Pennendreff; young, handsome, gallant and devoted to the Boer cause until the bitter end of the war. His love for South Africa brought him after an absence of almost 40 years back to this country to find a quiet place to ...

  11. [Pathography and biography of the Empress Maria Theresa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habek, D; Masić, I

    2001-01-01

    The empress and queen Maria Theresa Habsburg-Lorraine (May 13th, 1917-November 29th, 1780) bore sixteen children in the marriage with the emperor Franz I Stepha and was famous as "mother-in-law of Europe". Her brother Leopold died immediately after he was born, her sister Amalia died in the cradle and Maria Ana died of perinatal complications at the birth of a dead infant in 1744. The famous hereditary facial dysmorphia of the "Hasburg jawe" wasn't noticed in Maria Theresa's surviving children. In October of 1738, after giving birth to her daughter Ana, a manual lysis of the placenta was performed due to the retained placenta and postpartal bleeding. In 1741 her daughter Carolina died, and in 1767 her daughter Josepha died of small pox. Her daughter Elizabeth remained deformed by the pock marks, and Maria Christina got a puerperal sepsis, but surprisingly, didn't die. Maria Antoinette ended under a guillotine in France, along with her husband Luis XVI. Maria Theresa's father, Karl VI died of the cholecystopankreatitis and peritonitis, and her husband and co-ruler most probably died of acute coronary incident in August 18th, 1765. After her husband's death she started suffering from depression with steady necrophile obsessions. Maria Theresa suffered from a chronical obstructional pulmonary disease (asthma), rehumatic syndromes, hypertension and anxiodepressive syndromes. In 1767 she had small pox. In November 11th 1780 she caught a cold which grew into a pneumonia with high fever. She died of cardiopulmonal dedompensation preceded by pneumonia and asthma.

  12. William W. Momyer: A Biography of an Airpower Mind

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    cartoonist Milton Caniff’s popular comic strip "Terry and the Pirates.ൢ On November 17th, Momyer left Port Lyautey with the aircraft of the 59th...two weeks of dialogue undoubtedly educated Momyer even further in the tactical air support views of all services, failure to garner a consensus...employment of the air arm.”48 After ten years in the service, this experience would be Momyer’s first with the formal military education system. Momyer

  13. Science and controversy a biography of Sir Norman Lockyer

    CERN Document Server

    Meadows, A

    2008-01-01

    Sir Norman Lockyer left Nature, the world''s leading scientific journal, as his lasting memorial. But his life, and controversial theories, are an important part of science history. His ideas were at the forefront of public debate, and ranged from brilliant to perverse. This entertaining book is a fascinating insight into his eventful life

  14. A biography and obituary of Alfred Traverse (1925–2015)

    OpenAIRE

    Riding, James B.; Chaloner FRS, William G.; Farley, Martin B.; Rich, Fredrick J.; Strother, Paul K.

    2016-01-01

    Professor Alfred (‘Al’) Traverse passed away following a long illness at 90 years of age on September 15th 2015 at Juniper Village, State College, Pennsylvania, USA. With his death, the twin sciences of palaeobotany and palynology have lost one of their most influential and productive of practitioners and teachers. He had a stellar student career, was a coal petrologist, an industrial palynologist and held parallel positions in the Episcopal (Anglican) church. However he is principally define...

  15. Reviews Book: Marie Curie: A Biography Book: Fast Car Physics Book: Beautiful Invisible Equipment: Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Book: Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You Book: Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book: Seven Wonders of the Universe Book: Special Relativity Equipment: LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition Places to Visit: Edison and Ford Winter Estates Places to Visit: The Computer History Museum Web Watch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    WE RECOMMEND Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Fun fly stick introduces electrostatics to youngsters Special Relativity Text makes a useful addition to the study of relativity as an undergraduate LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition LabVIEW sets industry standard for gathering and analysing data, signal processing, instrumentation design and control, and automation and robotics Edison and Ford Winter Estates Thomas Edison's home is open to the public The Computer History Museum Take a walk through technology history at this computer museum WORTH A LOOK Fast Car Physics Book races through physics Beautiful Invisible The main subject of this book is theoretical physics Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You A guide to physics on the large and small scale Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book explores the mathematics behind chaotic behaviour Seven Wonders of the Universe A textual trip through the wonderful universe HANDLE WITH CARE Marie Curie: A Biography Book fails to capture Curie's science WEB WATCH Web clips to liven up science lessons

  16. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Varol

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : le récit de voyage, le récit exemplaire, le traité sur les us et coutumes, les mémoires romancées, les proverbes. On y trouve aussi des éléments très ottomans comme le journal personnel, tenant compte des menus faits, des dépenses et des rentrées, dont P. Dumont et F. Georgeon (1985 ont montré qu’il s’agissait d’une habitude ottomane bien utile comme source d’information historique. L’auteur se livre dans cette œuvre à une critique acerbe et comique des pesanteurs du système ottoman, qui font obstacle à toute initiative, mais il critique aussi les raideurs communautaires qui pèsent comme un carcan sur l’initiative personnelle, l’inadaptation des structures et, partant, l’inefficacité des stratégies mises en place pour survivre par les individus. Cependant, son œuvre révèle en creux une certaine nostalgie pour le monde disparu. On perçoit l’admiration du héros et son attachement à certaines valeurs de ce monde ancien, et l’on ne peut s’empêcher de lui donner raison lorsqu’on mesure ce que les communautés juives ont perdu avec la disparition de l’Empire ottoman.The fictionalized autobiography of Eliya Karmona How Eliya Karmona was born, how he grew up and how he became the director of Djugetón casts a critical eye on the tribulations of a young Jewish man in the last years of sultanate from 1884 to 1908. In sarcastic mode, with self-irony, he builds on his disappointments a picaresque novel which conforms to the law of the genre, but which has common features with other aspects of genres cultivated by Spanish Jews: accounts of travel, exemplary narratives, the treatise on the ways and customs, the fictionalized remembrances, the proverbs. Very Ottoman elements are also found there, like the private diary recounting minor deeds expenditure and receipts, which have shown concerned an Ottoman practice very useful as a source of historical information. The author has a sharp and comical critical view of gravity of the Ottoman system which obstructs every initiative, but he also criticizes the communal inflexibility which heavily constrains personal initiative, the inadaptability of the structures and consequently the ineffectiveness of the strategies put in place by individuals to survive. Nevertheless his work indirectly reveals a certain nostalgia for the vanished world. One perceives the hero’s admiration and his attachment to certain old world values, and one cannot refrain from admitting that he is correct when one measures what the Jewish communities have lost with the disappearance of the Ottoman empire.

  17. Bookshelf (The Particle Garden, An Introduction to Cosmology and A Scientific Biography)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    The Particle Garden, by Gordon Kane: Addison Wesley, ISBN 0-201-40780-9: 'Our universe as understood by particle physicists' is the subsidiary title of Gordon Kane's attractive new book. In setting out to present a balanced picture of particle physics, Professor Kane has written the sort of book which could easily motivate a young student to turn to particle physics research. (The author relates how he was turned on by reading a book about Einstein.) In explaining particle physics wisdom, especially instructive is the distinction drawn in the book between 'Descriptive Understanding', 'Input and Mechanism Understanding' and 'Why Understanding'. The analogy uses a vidéocassette recorder (VCR): Descriptive Understanding corresponds to being able to work and handle a VCR which did not come with the appropriate documentation; Input and Mechanism Understanding means the ability to fix the VCR unaided if it goes wrong; and Why Understanding confers the ability to invent a VCR and make one. The book also rues the unfortunate disappearance of the US Superconducting Supercollider megaproject.; An Introduction to Cosmology, by Jeremy Bernstein: Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-110504-3: Professor Bernstein is a successful physicist and science writer, and 'An Introduction to Cosmology' benefits from both these skills. It is both a textbook and a good read. The author explains that the book arose from a course he gave at the Stevens Institute of Cosmology. Teaching this course was one of the most pleasant tasks I have had as a professor,' he admits in the introduction. It shows. The physics arguments are well constructed, and the book is packed with anecdotes. The introduction is especially good, and a more general overview in Part 1, although very qualitative, introduces many very useful numerical ideas which help place terrestrial physics in a more humble context

  18. American Prometheus. The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bird, Kai; Sherwin, Martin J.

    2009-01-01

    A definitive portrait of legendary scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the ''father'' of the atomic bomb, discusses his seminal role in the twentieth-century scientific world, as well as his lesser-known roles as family man, supposed communist, and head of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies. ''American Prometheus'' is a rich evocation of America in mid-century and a compelling portrait of scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a man shaped by its major events--the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War. (orig.) [de

  19. Hermann Haken from the laser to synergetics : a scientific biography of the early years

    CERN Document Server

    Kröger, Bernd

    2015-01-01

    Hermann Haken (born 1927) is one of the “fathers” of the quantum-mechanical laser theory, formulated between 1962 and 1966, in strong competition with American researchers. Later on, he created Synergetics, the science of cooperation in multicomponent systems. The book concentrates on the development of his scientific work during the first thirty-five years of his career.   In 1970 he and his doctoral student Robert Graham were able to show that the laser is an example of a nonlinear system far from thermal equilibrium that shows a phase-transition like behavior. Subsequently, this insight opened the way for the formulation of Synergetics. Synergetics is able to explain, how very large systems show the phenomenon of self-organization that can be mathematically described by only very few order parameters. The results of Haken’s research were published in two seminal books Synergetics (1977) and Advanced Synergetics (1983).    After the year 1985 Haken concentrated his research on the macroscopic found...

  20. Uranium: War, Energy and the Rock That Shaped the World; Uranium: la biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zoellner, T.

    2009-07-01

    Having traveled extensively through the savannah of Africa, the mountains of Eastern Europe, and the deserts of Utah, the author delves into the complex science, politics and history of uranium, which presents the best and worst of mankind: the capacity for scientific progress and political genius; the capacity for nihilism, exploitation, and terror. Because the author covers so much ground, from the discovery of radioactivity, through the development of the atomic bomb, he does not go into great depth on any one topic. Nonetheless, he paints vivid pictures of uranium's impact, including forced labor in Soviet mines and lucky prospectors who struck it rich in harsh environments, the spread of uranium smuggling, as well as an explanation of why it was absurd to claim that Saddam Hussein was attempting to purchase significant quantities of uranium from Niger. The only shortcoming is the author's omission of the issue of radioactive wastes generated by nuclear power. The author knows well what uranium looks like, why peril pulses in its every atom, and how scientists exploit its nuclear volatility. The drama is found in the weaponry uranium has spawned as demonstrated at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In pursuit of this raw power, the U.S. let Navajos die extracting needed ore and let southwestern cities sicken beneath clouds from reckless testing. The Soviet Union sentenced tens of thousands to lethal gulag mines. Israel diverted ore through deception on the high seas. Pakistan stole European refining technology. Alive with devious personalities, the author's narrative ultimately exposes the frightening vulnerability of a world with too many sources of a dangerous substance and too little wisdom to control it

  1. King Chulalongkorn: biography and his activities in medicine and public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charulukananan, Somrat; Sueblinvong, Tada

    2003-06-01

    King Rama V, or Chulalongkorn, was the fifth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty. He was one of the most beloved of the Thai kings due to his many activities including abolishing slavery without bloodshed and especially his skillful diplomacy which succeeded in steering Siam out of the grips of the colonial powers. His activities also included reform of the administration of the kingdom according to the European model and in bringing Siam into the modern era with such exquisite skills that he is still vividly remembered today. His reign also saw many developments in medicine and public health. The King's role in these areas, however, were clouded by his more visible activities in politics and diplomacy. The result is that the Thai public learned rather little about his role in these areas. This article aims at collecting this and to show the King's very important role in modernizing medicine and public health in Siam.

  2. Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomic physicist and messenger of culture 1868-1951. A biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eckert, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Arnold Sommerfeld is beside Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and Max Planck one of the founders of modern atomic and quantum theory. His career began in the 1890th years at the University of Goettingen, the world center of mathematics of that time. Since 1906 he created on the professorship for theoretical physics at the Munich university one of the most important schools of science, the students of which are well-known theorists of the atomic era like as the Nobel-price winners Hans Bethe, Peter Debye, Wolfgang Pauli, and Werner Heisenberg. He also developed far beyond his subject an unprecedented impact. He travelled as ''messenger of culture'' in many countries in order to advertise in the years after the first world war for the reputation of Germany as culture nation. By the nationalsocialism the Munich ''nursery of theoretical physics'' however was prepared an inglorious end, because Sommerfeld counted for a ''main propagandist of Jewish theories''. By the example of this life of a physicist also the eventful history of a whole subject.

  3. Micromorphological Approaches to the Formation and Biographies of Early Medieval Towns in Northwest Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wouters, Barbora

    Even after decades of intensive research, the complex stratigraphy of many early medieval and Viking towns in continental Europe remains poorly understood. Debate continues about crucial aspects such as their origins, the changes they underwent through time and, in some cases, their supposed...... on - the youngest early medieval urban phases 7. Post-depositional transformations This framework makes it possible to gain a deeper, more detailed understanding of the sites’ evolution through time as well their spatial organisation, and to mutually compare them without losing sight of their individual...... idiosyncrasies. At the same time, this approach bypasses a generalising discourse of early medieval towns. By juxtaposing the results of these five case studies with existing debates on early medieval towns, a number of set historical narratives can be challenged....

  4. Skulls, brains, and memorial culture: on cerebral biographies of scientists in the nineteenth century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagner, Michael

    2003-06-01

    In this paper, I will argue that the scientific investigation of skulls and brains of geniuses went hand in hand with hagiographical celebrations of scientists. My analysis starts with late-eighteenth century anatomists and anthropologists who highlighted quantitative parameters such as the size and weight of the brain in order to explain intellectual differences between women and men and Europeans and non-Europeans, geniuses and ordinary persons. After 1800 these parameters were modified by phrenological inspections of the skull and brain. As the phrenological examination of the skulls of Immanuel Kant, Wilhelm Heinse, Arthur Schopenhauer and others shows, the anthropometrical data was interpreted in light of biographical circumstances. The same pattern of interpretation can be found in non-phrenological contexts: Reports about extraordinary brains were part of biographical sketches, mainly delivered in celebratory obituaries. It was only in this context that moral reservations about dissecting the brains of geniuses could be overcome, which led to a more systematic investigation of brains of geniuses after 1860.

  5. Biography, identity, improvisation, sound: intersections of personal and social identity through improvisation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smilde, Rineke

    2016-01-01

    This essay addresses the relationship of improvisation and identity. Biographical research that was conducted by the author into professional musicians’ lifelong learning showed the huge importance of improvisation for personal expression. Musically, the concept of sound appeared to serve as a

  6. The Chameleon Career: An Exploratory Study of the Work Biography of Information Technology Workers in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ituma, Afam; Simpson, Ruth

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to explore claims about the changing nature of careers by focusing on how information technology (IT) workers enact careers in the context of Nigeria. The theoretical framework guiding this research is that societal context (social structure and institutions) has an influence on the career patterns exhibited by…

  7. Landscape biography as research strategy: The case of the South Netherlands project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roymans, N.G.A.M.; Gerritsen, F.A.; Van der Heijden, C.; Bosma, J.E.; Kolen, J.C.A.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents the outline of a biographical approach to landscape as developed in the Netherlands during the last 15 years by archaeologists, thereby integrating perspectives formulated by the social anthropologists Appadurai and Kopytoff and the cultural geographer Samuels. The result is a

  8. Giulio Mongeri, an Architect Efficient in the Building of Capital City Ankara and his Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damla Çinici

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study is about Giulio Mongeri (1873 – 1951 who was the architect of Ottoman Bank (1926, Ziraat Bank (1926 – 1929, Monopolies Chief Directorate (1928 and Türkiye İş Bank (1929 buildings in Ankara in the first years of the Republic. Giulio Mongeri was one of the architects prominent in architectural activities both in the last years of Ottoman Empire and first years of the Republic and undertook an effective role in the architectural understanding of the next generation by raising the architects of the future as an instructor of the Academy of Fine Arts. In the study, it is aimed to gain especially the sketches and photos obtained from his diary and not published anywhere else to the scientific world as a new contribution to the knowledge in the available publications. Giulio Mongeri himself, his family and environs in which he was raised, his personality and attitude as a trainer have been appraised in the light of new information. The buildings of Mongeri in Ankara have been studied comparatively with the other buildings in Ankara in this period and an attempt is made to assess the differences in his approach.

  9. The diversion of the village gods: A criminal turn in the biography of Balinese copperplate inscriptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Royal edicts inscribed on copper plates were addressed to the villagers of Julah on the north coast of Bali; they date back to the 10th century. Since then, these artefacts have undergone many transformations in function and meaning. They were kept as sacred heirlooms in the village temple of Julah until recently. However, these copper plates were stolen by a man from a neighbouring village in 2002 and transported to Java in order to sell them as antiquities to the international black market of art. The villagers started an unprecedented search for these heirlooms and finally managed, assisted by the police, to recover these artefacts. This article describes and analyses the social life and the criminal turn of these copperplates, including the story of the thief.

  10. [Remarks on homeopathy and therapeutic nihilism in the medical biography of Józef Dietl].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wejman-Sowińska, Aleksandra

    2004-01-01

    Józef Dietl was for a time interested in homeopathy that became a germ for progressive turn in the conventional medicine in the second half of the 19th century and it have even a certain influence on Dietl's views. The paper tries to trace this influence in the therapeutic nihilism attributed to Dietl and indicates that in the Polish historiography there has been a tendency to pass over in silence the homeopathic train in the medical image of the eminent personage.

  11. Gender and Professionalism in Law: The Challenge of (Women’s Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Jane Mossman

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the story of a woman who “created” her life in the law in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Although now almost unknown, Cornelia Sorabji achieved prominence as a woman pioneer in the legal profession, who provided legal services to women clients in northern India, the Purdahnashins. Sorabji’s experiences as a woman in law were often similar to the stories of other first women lawyers in a number of different jurisdictions at the end of the nineteenth century: all of these women had to overcome gender barriers to gain admission to the legal professions, and they were often the only woman in law in their jurisdictions for many years. Yet, as Sorabji’s story reveals, while ideas about gender and the culture of legal professionalism could present formidable barriers for aspiring women lawyers, these ideas sometimes intersected in paradoxical ways to offer new opportunities for women to become legal professionals. In exploring the impact of gender and legal professionalism on Sorabji’s legal work, the paper also suggests that her story presents a number of challenges and contradictions that may require new approaches to gender history so as to capture the complexity of stories about women lawyers. Cet article examine l’histoire d’une femme qui a «créé» sa vie dans le domaine du droit à la fin du dix-neuvième et au début du vingtième siècles. Quoique présentement presque inconnue, Cornelia Sorabji a acquis une certaine renommée comme femme pionnière dans la profession juridique qui offrait des services juridiques à des femmes clientes dans le nord de l’Inde, les Purdahnashins. Les expériences de Mme Sorabji en tant que femme dans le domaine du droit ressemblaient souvent aux récits d’autres premières femmes avocates sur un nombre d’autres territoires à la fin du dix-neuvième siècle : ces femmes devaient toutes surmonter des barrières sexistes pour être admises à la profession juridique, et elles étaient souvent la seule femme à exercer le droit sur leur territoire pendant de nombreuses années. Pourtant, comme le fait voir l’histoire de Mme Sorabji, quoique les idées reliées au sexe de l’individu et la culture de professionnalisme légal pouvaient constituer des obstacles formidables pour les femmes qui aspiraient à devenir avocates, ces idées parfois se croisaient de manières paradoxales de façon à créer de nouvelles occasions aux femmes de devenir des professionnelles du droit. En examinant l’impact du sexe de l’individu et du professionnalisme légal sur le travail légal de Mme Sorabji, l’article suggère en plus que son histoire présente un nombre de défis et de contradictions qui pourraient nécessiter de nouvelles approches à l’histoire vue en rapport au sexe de l’individu afin de saisir la complexité des récits au sujet de femmes avocates.

  12. Augustinian Prior Oswald Reinlein. A Biography of an Anti-Hussite Preacher

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Soukup, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 62, Suppl. 1 (2014), s. 98-110 ISSN 0015-1831 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP404/09/P605 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Augustinian s * Preaching * Crusades Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  13. A Study of Gender Performativity in Virginia Woolf's Orlando: a Mocking Biography

    OpenAIRE

    M., Moslehi; N., Niazi

    2016-01-01

    The present paper aims at concentrating on Judith Butler’s theory of gender as performance and how Virginia Woolf challenges the assumptions of heterosexuality in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando (1992). Woolf rebels against the traditional view of gender as two separate categories by presenting Orlando as an androgynous and bisexual character. Orlando’s transformation from male to female and exhibition of the characteristics of both feminist and masculinity expose how gender norms are socially insti...

  14. A Study of Gender Performativity in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando: A Mocking Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moslehi M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims at concentrating on Judith Butler’s theory of gender as performance and how Virginia Woolf challenges the assumptions of heterosexuality in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando (1992. Woolf rebels against the traditional view of gender as two separate categories by presenting Orlando as an androgynous and bisexual character. Orlando’s transformation from male to female and exhibition of the characteristics of both feminist and masculinity expose how gender norms are socially instituted. Woolf portrays Orlando’s attraction to both men and women. He/she loves Sasha regardless of what changes her body undergoes, but he/she marries Shelmerdine because he/she is bisexual. Woolf also shows clothing as signifiers of the social construction of gender and how characters flout this convention by using cross dressing.

  15. Using Picture Book Biographies to Nurture the Talents of Young Gifted African American Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floyd, Erinn Fears; Hebert, Thomas P.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a scenario that highlights an important challenge facing educators in primary grade classrooms. The discussion in this article addresses this challenge by showcasing scholarly literature that examines the importance of infusing culturally relevant material into K-2 classrooms. Following the discussion, methods of using…

  16. Biography, Identity, Improvisation, Sound: Intersections of Personal and Social Identity through Improvisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smilde, Rineke

    2016-01-01

    This essay addresses the relationship of improvisation and identity. Biographical research that was conducted by the author into professional musicians' lifelong learning showed the huge importance of improvisation for personal expression. Musically, the concept of "sound" appeared to serve as a strong metaphor for identity. In addition,…

  17. Protagonist’s Self-Writing: Modus of Biography at the Intersection of Methodologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Pavlenko

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article views the place of the fictional subject’s self-writing at workshops concerning autobiographical questions. The study reveals the repression of a particle “grafos” in the formula “auto-bio-graphy” and leads to the idea of the compensatory function of the self-writing practice analysis in that very situation. The change of the perspective on the research of self-writing appeals to the problematic of the method. The fictional subject’s self-writing represents a field of multiple crossings of different methodologies that examine ego-documents; therefore in this field the role of figures and metaphors is actualized. It is quite logical to describe the self-writing practice within the coordinates of the critical synthesis as the place of illustration and transmission of the values, as the dimension of self-reflectiveness, multi-generic reflectiveness, introspection, representation of author/reader relations, display of intertextuality (both declared by the author and unforeseen, play in autobiography, tension between fiction and reference. The fictional subject’s self-writing is not identical to the autobiographical writing of a real subject, though a lot of semantic fields and registers come across. The character writing the story of his life becomes that another who makes it possible to multiply the experience of the inner harmony research, to see the power of the writing work from one side approaching thus to its ontology. The key for understanding the figure of this another is deeply hidden in the interpretation of the fictional space metaphoric.

  18. M.G. Velarde: Succint Biography. Doing Science in Spain as a Maverick

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryazantsev, Yu. S.

    A succint account is presented about the professional career of Prof. Manuel García Velarde. Different periods illustrate his engagement with science, education and (domestic and international) organizational endeavor. The chapter also oversees some of the major areas of research he has covered with significant scientific achievements. They embrace kinetic theory, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid physics, geophysics, optics and lasers, ferromagnetism, electron transport theory, acoustics, elasticity, wave theory, reaction-diffusion science, biophysics, active lattice dynamics, and neuro-dynamics, all phenomena and methodologies treated from the unifying perspective of nonlinear dynamics.

  19. Plunging into the wave’s ebb: Sufi words, biographies of humanity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Biagi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Inherent in the meaning which the word ‘identity’ bears in Arabic (huwiyya is a perception of the human self as an ideal place for both stability and change, both sense of belonging and openness to diversity. Such a dichotomy represents a potentially unique source of intercultural dialogue, when it contributes to shaping ‘identities in motion’, stirred by an unyielding desire for self realization and knowledge. Nevertheless, individual and communal selves develop within the framework of distinctive cultures, moulding their path to identity into collectively shared discourses and representations. In this perspective, the paper aims at highlighting the connection between classical Sufism, generally interpreted as Islamic mysticism, and the concept of identity, looking at how the latter relates to the Islamic spiritual tradition as handed down in the works of some representative medieval Sufis. Furthermore, by dealing with issues ranging from the use of language to themes of love and knowledge, this work intends to emphasize the role of the spiritual dimension as the base for those universal values which are at the core of multicultural societies, and to illustrate how the process of acquiring personal inward awareness can improve intrapersonal relationships while spurring an active participation in social life.

  20. Bookshelf (The Particle Garden, An Introduction to Cosmology and A Scientific Biography)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1995-09-15

    The Particle Garden, by Gordon Kane: Addison Wesley, ISBN 0-201-40780-9: 'Our universe as understood by particle physicists' is the subsidiary title of Gordon Kane's attractive new book. In setting out to present a balanced picture of particle physics, Professor Kane has written the sort of book which could easily motivate a young student to turn to particle physics research. (The author relates how he was turned on by reading a book about Einstein.) In explaining particle physics wisdom, especially instructive is the distinction drawn in the book between 'Descriptive Understanding', 'Input and Mechanism Understanding' and 'Why Understanding'. The analogy uses a vidéocassette recorder (VCR): Descriptive Understanding corresponds to being able to work and handle a VCR which did not come with the appropriate documentation; Input and Mechanism Understanding means the ability to fix the VCR unaided if it goes wrong; and Why Understanding confers the ability to invent a VCR and make one. The book also rues the unfortunate disappearance of the US Superconducting Supercollider megaproject.; An Introduction to Cosmology, by Jeremy Bernstein: Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-110504-3: Professor Bernstein is a successful physicist and science writer, and 'An Introduction to Cosmology' benefits from both these skills. It is both a textbook and a good read. The author explains that the book arose from a course he gave at the Stevens Institute of Cosmology. Teaching this course was one of the most pleasant tasks I have had as a professor,' he admits in the introduction. It shows. The physics arguments are well constructed, and the book is packed with anecdotes. The introduction is especially good, and a more general overview in Part 1, although very qualitative, introduces many very useful numerical ideas which help place terrestrial physics in a more humble context.

  1. Outline of an intellectual biography of Professor Waldemar Dutkiewicz (1939–2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Grzybek

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The date of February 19, 2017 has marked the 10th death anniversary of Prof. Waldemar Dutkiewicz, who was an outstanding pedagogue, organiser of didactic and educational work, great social worker, and above all an eminent scholar. Professor Dutkiewicz died suddenly on February 19, 2007, still with his full creative forces. The professor was born on June 2, 1939 in Rivne, in Volhynia. In the period 1957–1963 he studied at the School of Physical Education in Krakow. He completed his pedagogical studies in 1970 at the Higher School of Pedagogy in Krakow. In 1973 he obtained a doctoral degree in physical education. His doctorate in pedagogy was publicly defended in 1982. At the Academy of Physical Education in Warsaw he received his Doctor of Letters (habilitation degree in the field of physical education in 1986. By a decision of the President of the Republic of Poland of August 22, 1995 he was awarded the title of Professor. Due to his studies and didactic work the heritage of Professor Dutkiewicz is composed of two parts: auxological and pedagogical.

  2. THE BIOGRAPHY OF JÁNOS NAGYVÁTHY - THE FIRST HUNGARIAN AGRICULTURAL WRITER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gábor LUKÁCS

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available 210 years ago Nagyváthy János published the first systematic, agricultural trade book, called ’Diligent Farmers’ in Hungarian in Pest. This outstanding person of our agricultural history was born on 19th January 1755, in Miskolc. After leaving the Protestant secondary grammar school in Miskolc, he studied law and theology in Sárospatak. At the Protestant secondary grammar school in Losonc he became a ’Subrector’, that is, the the teacher of poetry. Due to a serious illness affecting his eyes he left this job and went to Pest for medical treatment. During the long therapy he visited the lectures of Mitterpacher Lajos, who was the most excellent theoratical agricultural specialist in the country. In 1782 he took military service for four years, in the Duka cavalry regiment, where he reached the rank of a captain and he was garrisoned in Belgium, Italy and Austria. As a commisariat officer he got to know the more developed agriculture of Europe, and it was at that time that he studied agricultural technical literature. In 1786 he had a relapse of his eye disease therefore he left the army and tried to find a cure in Vienna. Here he got acquainted with Jordán Péter, director of the domains of the court, who employed him as an assistant. During the time he spent in the domain of Vöslau, he could completed his academic knowledge with practical experience. In 1788 he moved to Pest where he made friends with Kazinczy, Batsányi, Verseghy and Széchenyi Ferenc, who were the representatives of the most progressive group of nobility. He became the member of the ’Magnanamitas’ Masonic Lodge. In 179o he published four pamphlets anonymously called ’ The change of religion’, ’Civil prediction from the stars’, ’The red friend’, ’Hours of joy in the life of a true Hungarian patriot’. In 1791 he published ’The diligent farmer’ in two volumes on 1213 pages recommending it to the ’sweaty Hungarian farmer’. In this book he wrote about all his experience and the regularities regarding animals and plants discovered by the developing sciences. His main source is ’Elementa rei rusticae’ by Mitterpacher but he also mentioned 51 different books as sources, (34 of them in the section about plant cultivation. Plant cultivation had the same importance and number of pages as in the work of Mitterpacher but animal husbandry had twice as many pages. He wrote about the breeding of all farm animals but it was not the chapters on animal husbandry that pointed ahead but his remarks to help the rationalization of farming and the fact that he wrote about plant cultivation and animal husbandry as a whole. The book made him well-known in the country. He was offered the post of a land steward by Széchenyi Ferenc and Festetics György. Accepting the latter he moved to Keszthely and he took over the management of the domain of 162ooo acres. The earl left the army at that time and started to restore his neglected domain. Nagyváthy’s main task was to improve farm management. He introduced strict accountancy and applied double-entry book-keeping for the first time and Hungary and his main principle was to put down all farming activities in writing. The farm managers were not suitable for this task so he convinced Festetics to found a school for them and an other secondary grammar school in the other centre of the domain in Csurgó. By 1797 the condition of the domain improved significantly and the Earl founded ’Georgikon’ the first agricultural college in Europe though without the land steward who favoured the idea of enlightment (the court in Vienna would not approve it. After the expiration of his contract he retired and moved to Csurgó, where he inspected the secondary grammar school as a secular inspector. He spent the last 22 years of his life here ’hard working in respectable poverty’. He died on 13th February 1819 (according to other sources on 24th. His posthumous books are as follows: ’Hungarian housewife on the farm’ (182o, ’Hungarian Practicus Cultivator’ (1821, ’Hungarian Practicus Breeder’ (1822, ’Hungarian Land Steward’ (1822. In Keszthely and in Csurgó secondary technical scools are called after him, his memory is kept by statues and marble tablets. My aim was to commemorate a scientist, who disappeared into the mists of two centuries, by presenting his life and his main work.

  3. Women's Auto/Biography and Dissociative Identity Disorder: Implications for Mental Health Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, Kendal; Baker, Charley

    2017-09-06

    Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is an uncommon disorder that has long been associated with exposure to traumatic stressors exceeding manageable levels commonly encompassing physical, psychological and sexual abuse in childhood that is prolonged and severe in nature. In DID, dissociation continues after the traumatic experience and produces a disruption in identity where distinct personality states develop. These personalities are accompanied by variations in behaviour, emotions, memory, perception and cognition. The use of literature in psychiatry can enrich comprehension over the subjective experience of a disorder, and the utilisation of 'illness narratives' in nursing research have been considered a way of improving knowledge about nursing care and theory development. This research explores experiences of DID through close textual reading and thematic analysis of five biographical and autobiographical texts, discussing the lived experience of the disorder. This narrative approach aims to inform empathetic understanding and support the facilitation of therapeutic alliances in mental healthcare for those experiencing the potentially debilitating and distressing symptoms of DID. Although controversies surrounding the biomedical diagnosis of DID are important to consider, the lived experiences of those who mental health nurses encounter should be priority.

  4. Diablotin Pterodroma hasitata: a biography of the endangered Black-capped Petrel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Theodore R.; Lee, David S.; Haney, J. Christopher

    2013-01-01

    The Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata was believed extinct throughout much of the 20th century. It is the only gadfly petrel currently known to breed in the Caribbean Basin. Now seriously endangered, the species is presumed extirpated from Martinique, Dominica, and Guadeloupe, and breeding populations currently occur only on Hispaniola and perhaps Cuba. A related form (now considered a full species) once bred, but is now apparently extinct, on Jamaica. The Black-capped Petrel breeding population may number as few as 500 breeding pairs. Remaining populations suffer from multiple threats to terrestrial and pelagic habitats, including harvest by humans and predation by introduced mammals. The exact sizes, locations, and detailed chronologies of all Black-capped Petrel breeding sites remain poorly studied, although major colonies are today apparently restricted to steep sea and inland cliffs along the La Selle Ridge in Hispaniola. The largest known breeding population occurs in Haiti, although there is continued discussion about a possible breeding site in Cuba in the Sierra Maestra mountain range. Accounts from Cuba are based on the unverified assumption that birds observed at sea just offshore of that island are breeding locally.

  5. What about Albert Einstein? Using Biographies to Promote Students' Scientific Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingon, Joan C.; Fingon, Shallon D.

    2009-01-01

    Who hasn't heard of Einstein? Science educators everywhere are familiar with Einstein's genius and general theory of relativity. Students easily recognize Einstein's image by his white flyaway hair and bushy mustache. It is well known that Einstein was a brilliant physicist and an abstract thinker who often used his creativity and imagination in…

  6. The biography of T.K.E. Phillips: Nigeria's foremost contemporary art ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper concludes that, in order to come out with the muchexpected theory on African art music, research works should be done on more composers of diverse nationalities in the continent of Africa. Résumé Cet article nous présente Thomas Roi Ekundayo Philips comme l'un des premiers musiciens d'art contemporain ...

  7. Great British medalists: Psychosocial biographies of Super-Elite and Elite athletes from Olympic sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Lew; Barlow, Matthew; Evans, Lynne; Rees, Tim; Woodman, Tim; Warr, Chelsea

    2017-01-01

    Participants were 32 former GB athletes from Olympic sports, 16 Super-Elite athletes who had won multiple medals at major championships, and 16 matched Elite athletes who had not. In-depth interviews with the athletes, their coaches, and one of their parents explored all psychosocial aspects of their development and careers. Content analyses revealed that there were no differences between Super-Elite and Elite athletes with regard to family values, conscientiousness, or commitment to training. However, the two groups were found to be different with regard to: (1) the experience of a foundational negative life event coupled with a foundational positive sport-related event; (2) the experience of a career turning point that enhanced motivation and focus for their sport; (3) need for success; (4) obsessiveness and/or perfectionism with regard to training and performance; (5) ruthlessness and/or selfishness in the pursuit of their sporting goals; (6) dual focus on both mastery and outcome; (7) the use of counterphobic attitudes and/or total preparation to maintain higher levels of performance under pressure; and (8) the relative importance of sport over other aspects of life. The results are discussed within the context of psychodynamic theory, and recommendations are made for both applied implications and future research. © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Dedication Pierre Binétruy (1955 - 2017): A scientific biography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    Pierre Binétruy, born in 1955, obtained his “state doctorate” in 1980 under the direction of Mary K. Gaillard, with a thesis on “Theoretical aspects and phenomenology of gauge theories”. From 1979 to 1986, he held several positions as postdoctoral fellow at CERN and in the United States (University of California at Berkeley, University of Florida, University of Chicago). In 1986, he was recruited as a CNRS researcher at the LAPP, Annecy-le-Vieux and 4 years later as a professor at the University of Paris XI in the Laboratory of Theoretical Physics. In 2003, he was named professor at the University Paris Diderot. His main interests evolved from high-energy particle physics (notably supersymmetry) to cosmology and gravitation, and he worked in particular on the interface between the study of the primordial Universe and the theories of fundamental interactions. Recent interests included inflation models, dark energy, and the cosmic gravitational wave background. During a prolific career, he has published seminal papers that have received more than 1000 citations each. For his research he has received several awards, such as the Thibaud Prize, the Paul Langevin Award from the SFP, and was named Berkeley Miller Professor in 1999. He was arguably one of the most brilliant theorists of his time. His memory will also remain because, to paraphrase André Malraux, he combined “spirit and courage”. He knew that it is not sufficient to seek scientific truth but that one must also have the courage to organize the community for the scientific goals that this imposes and to also fight within the institutions to defend them. Our more senior colleagues will remember the extraordinary intellectual atmosphere that animated the Supersymmetry Research Group (a CNRS “groupement de recherche”), which he initiated and directed from 1997 to 2004, transforming it into an unprecedented crossroads of experimenters and theorists, of new ideas both from theory and from experimental analysis. He also had a fundamental intuition, at a time when the detection of gravitational waves was for many a distant dream (end of 2005), to involve France through CNES in the space program for the detection of gravitational waves, LISA-Pathfinder and LISA. To this scientific choice he devoted a large part of his dynamism and this until and during his hospitalization. APC researchers and engineers also remember the energy and dynamism he put into the foundation of the Astroparticle and Cosmology Laboratory (APC) in 1999, following an incentive by Luc Valentin. He was director of the APC until 2013. He accompanied this original endeavor of the University Paris Diderot, the IN2P3 / CNRS, the CEA, and the Observatoire de Paris, with a never ending inventiveness. We owe him to have embedded the laboratory in interdisciplinary and Earth Sciences, the realization of the importance of data sciences with the François Arago Centre, the foundation of the Centre of Cosmological Physics of Paris (PCCP) together with the Nobel Prize winner in Cosmology, George Smoot, and the immersion of the APC in a global network of similar centres (for example, the Associated International Laboratory with KIPAC at SLAC, relations with the University of Chicago and the Karlsruhe Institute for Technology). He was also a professor who inspired hundreds of students, and through the MOOC “Gravity”, in collaboration with George Smoot, his courses reached thousands (75,000 enrollees). The expression of gratitude from the students but also from all those who followed it touched Pierre enormously. This MOOC was for Pierre an avenue towards the future. Not only did he see it as a way to improve the visibility of the University but also as a revolution in the way knowledge is diffused, similar to the Gutenberg revolution. This revolution might mean a new type of universities, and through it an evolution of society and of mankind. In parallel to these activities, four main responsibilities can be highlighted from among a multitude: Pierre found time to be president of the Fundamental Physics Advisory Group (2008-2010), of the Fundamental Physics Roadmap Committee (2009-2010) at ESA, the French consortium of the LISA space mission, of the Theory Division of the French Physical Society (1995-2003), the interdisciplinary section for Astroparticle (2003-2004), the theory section (2005-2008) of the CNRS, and director of the Endowment Fund “For Research and Training in the Physics of the Universe”. He was also a member of the IN2P3 Scientific Committee (1996-2000), the APPEC Scientific Advisory Committee, which brought together Astroparticle Agencies in Europe, the ApPIC working group of IUPAP (the International Union for Pure Physics And Applied), which he helped to create in 2013, of which he was a key member until today, of the European Space Science Committee, the Scientific Program Committee (SPC) of the SLAC National Laboratory (Stanford, United States), the Evaluation Committee of the DOE Roadmap and the International Evaluation Committee of INFN (Italy) and NSERC (Canada). Finally, in recent years, he was a member of the CNRS Scientific Council. This activity, pursued with enthusiasm and unfailing rigor, was accompanied by a great culture and sophistication, a profound knowledge of the arts, where he initiated and promoted several actions between art and science, always with a great human quality. This quality has made that the news of his disappearance has been lived with great sadness throughout the world. As one of his eminent colleagues said of him: “Pierre was one of those very exceptional people who was at the top of the game and, at the same time, a remarkably simple and enjoyable colleague.” French science but also European and world science have lost one of its exemplary practitioners. His colleagues at APC, and more precisely those of the LISA team which he put together, know how much we owe him. He was the one who brought us together and who was always pushing us to be active and to participate in all the facets of gravitational wave physics. He taught us everything about this field and was always one we could turn to in order to grasp the important and subtle aspects of this physics. Those working more on instrumental techniques also knew that he understood many aspects of this, particularly in terms of organization and interactions with the science and space agencies. We are all terribly indebted to him and are determined to use his legacy as a source of inspiration in order to push ahead with LISA. Gerard Auger and Eric Plagnol, APC, Paris (paper)

  9. The biography of Col. J.A. Olubobokun a foremost Nigerian military ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La communication fait la lumière sur sa famille et sur sa formation aussi bien que sur ses contributions et ses réussites dans le domaine de la musique militaire au Nigéria. Les enquêtes de terrain de cette recherche ont été réalisées par le biais des entretiens avec Olubobokun lui-même aussi bien qu'avec d'autres officiers ...

  10. Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine G. Akers

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Academic research libraries are quickly developing support for research data management (RDM, including both new services and infrastructure. Here, we tell the stories of how eight different universities have developed programs of RDM support, focusing on the prominent role of the library in educating and assisting researchers with managing their data throughout the research lifecycle. Based on these stories, we construct timelines for each university depicting key steps in building support for RDM, and we discuss similarities and dissimilarities among universities in motivation to provide RDM support, collaborations among campus units, assessment of needs and services, and changes in staffing.

  11. Biographies for Artistic and Social Intervention: A Youth-Driven Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Claudia Pato

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses how biographical materials may be used in youth arts education projects to develop new methodologies and approaches that can stimulate artistic and social intervention in contemporary urban communities, thus changing the field of arts education policy at the community level. Through their creation of Artistic Society…

  12. Women Putting Our Stamp on America: Biographies and Activities for National Women's History Month, March 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Women's History Project, Windsor, CA.

    This booklet, intended for use by educators and by workplace and community organizers, introduces women who have been featured on U.S. postage stamps as well as a few of the women who clearly merit such honor in the future. Postage stamps featuring women have been relatively few and far between and have only skimmed the surface of U.S. women in…

  13. Missing Citations, Bulking Biographies, and Unethical Collaboration: Types of Cheating among Public Relations Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auger, Giselle A.

    2013-01-01

    Students cheat. For the field of public relations, which continually struggles for credibility, the issue of student cheating should be paramount, as the unethical students of today become tomorrow's practitioners. Through a survey of 170 public relations majors, this study examined the importance students place on the Public Relations Society of…

  14. Scientific method, history, Darwinism and laicism: a Giovanni Jervis's intellectual biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Gilberto; Sirgiovanni, Elisabetta

    2012-01-01

    Some authors marked a change of perspective from the early to the late Jervis's thought, in terms of a supposed turn towards conservatism. That laid him open to criticism from some Leftist Italian intellectuals. The aim of this paper is to show that conservatism never was a Jervis's thought feature. Mainly, subjects and methods leading the development of his philosophical views suggest a continuity between earlier writings and later ones. All over his thought, in fact, the idea of preeminence of scientific method and historical contextualization convinced him about naturalistic approaches to human behavior, which came to support his Darwinism and laicism in approaching socio-psychological and socio-political issues.

  15. A biography and bibliography: the recent trends in bioethics and medical genetics in Japan (Part II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiki, N

    2000-01-01

    At the present, we have much misunderstandings and prejudices, connected with psychological conflicts for the direct application of cloning and of prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion. So that we should have much debates among general public on further direction of these researchs, in order to study on safe-guard and public understandings. Summarinzingly, in order to educate general public in their understanding of ELSI problems, we should remove the boundaries between individuals, in professional and non-professional fields, and in developed and developing countries, and give more time for medical curriculum for medical genetics and bioethics, in order to educate general public, as well as scientific responsibility in our society. Finally, we hope these recommendations and reports will help the International Bioethics Seminars in Fuki on 2000 for the follow up study on Universial Declaration of Human Genome and Rights, with new technologies on pharmacogenomics DNA polymorphisms as well as our ethical debates on international research ethics, proposed at the International Bioethics Summit.

  16. A biography and bibliography: the recent trends in bioethics and medical genetics in Japan (Part I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiki, N

    2000-01-01

    1. Introduction. 2. History of Bioethics in Japan. 3. First international bioethics seminar in Fukui on human dignity and medicine (1987). 4. Second international bioethics seminar in Fukui--international association of human biologists--japan society of human genetics joint symposium on medical genetics and society (1990). 5. Third international bioethics seminar in Fukui on human genome research and society (1992). 6. Fourth international bioethics seminar in Fukui on intractable neurological disorders, human genome research and society (1993). 7. Fifth international bioethics seminar in Fukui on the MURS japan/IBC UNESCO joint seminar on the protection of the human genome and scientific responsibility (1995). 8. Sixth international bioethics seminar in Fukui--UNESCO Asian bioethics conference- and who assisted satellite symposium on medical genetics services and bioethics, in Kobe and Fukui (1997). 9. Coming seventh international bioethics seminar in Fukui on pharmaco-genomics and DNA polymorphism (2000). 10. Conclusion.

  17. Biography of Dr. Eugene W. Smith Arkansas State University President 1984 to 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newsom, Glenda

    2012-01-01

    A president of a university in the state of Arkansas would benefit from researching the roots of the educational system within the state. Even though the state now has a number of universities that have evolved and are on the cutting-edge of advanced technology, Arkansas was slow in growth and development. Since Arkansas was slow to expand public…

  18. [Lou Andreas-Salome (1861-1937)--psychoanalytical and feministic contribution to understanding her biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bramness, J G

    2001-06-30

    Lou (Louise) Andreas-Salomé's life and work has preoccupied many biographers. The interest may have be sparked by her liaisons with many of the greatest men of her time. She had an intimate relationship with Friedrich Nietzsche in a period of great change for him. She was Rainer Marie Rilke's mistress for several years. And she pursued a close friendship and working relationship with Sigmund Freud in the latter part of her life. But her significance goes beyond these associations. She was a celebrated novelist and essayist in her own right, with ten novels and more than 50 essays, also on psychoanalytical subjects. She has been viewed as femme fatale, opportunist, feminist, radical, liberal, but also as a significant contributor to psychoanalytical thought. There have been two biographical approaches: a psychoanalytical approach focusing on her loss of father-figures and later difficult relationships with famous men, and a feministic approach accusing psychoanalysts of not contributing to insight, but belittling Salomé's legitimate position. A fuller understanding may be obtained by integrating these two views.

  19. Little Mosie from the Margaree: A Biography of Moses Michael Coady.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welton, Michael R.

    This book examines the life of the Reverend Moses Michael Coady (1890-1959), a Roman Catholic priest who led the Antigonish Movement. During the Antigonish Movement, residents of the small maritime town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, worked to achieve a nonviolent alternative to communism and fascism and to effect the social and economic…

  20. E. A. C. L. E. (Ted Scheipe (1924-1985 — a biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. G. H. Oliver

    1986-07-01

    Full Text Available Prof. E.A.C.L.E. Scheipe was born in Durban on 27 July 1924 and died in Cape Town on  12 October 1985. He studied at the University of Natal and at Oxford, England. He was awarded an M.Sc. (S. Afr. for a thesis on the ecology of the Natal Drakensberg and a D. Phil. (Oxon. for a thesis on the ecology of bryophytes. For a brief period he was Curator of the Fielding Herbarium, Oxford. In  1953 he was appointed Lecturer in Botany at the University of Cape Town, until in  1973 he was awarded a full professorship (ad hominem and the title of Director of the Bolus Herbarium. Here he established a school of taxonomy and promoted  22  theses. His main fields of research were the taxonomy and phytogeography of Pteridophyta (especially African groups and of Orchidaceae.He has  112 publications to his credit and collected over 7 000 numbers in various regions of Africa, in Europe and the Himalayas. He was a keen gardener and was active in several societies promoting horticulture, orchidology and nature conservation. He was a member of several scientific committees and was repeatedly honoured for his work.Three children were born from his marriage to Sybella Gray, also a botanist.

  1. R. E. (Ted) Munn — Founding editor; a mini-biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Peter; Thomas, Morley; Truhlar, Ed; Whelpdale, Doug

    1996-02-01

    Ted Munn founded Boundary-Layer Meteorology in 1970 and served as Editor for 75 volumes over a 25 year period. This short article briefly reviews Ted's scientific career with the Atmospheric Environment Service (of Canada), the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria and with the Institute of Environmental Studies at the University of Toronto, and as editor of this journal.

  2. Analysis of Servant Leadership: An Interpretive Biography of a Prominent Leader in Proprietary Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negron, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Values and ethical behaviors in corporate higher education are perceived to be deteriorating, with some leaders accused of financial mismanagement and corruption. Servant leadership has the potential to address these value-related problems but has not been studied in the for-profit environment. The purpose of this qualitative, single-case study…

  3. Life and styles of contemporary African artists: a biography of Jaji M ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is a consensus among scholars that the greatest contributions of Africans to civilization are in the arts. Great European artists like Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and others had to copy African art styles to change the face of European art in the early 20th century. Today, contemporary African artists have the zeal and ...

  4. A Short Biography of Joseph Fourier and Historical Development of Fourier Series and Fourier Transforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2012-01-01

    This article deals with a brief biographical sketch of Joseph Fourier, his first celebrated work on analytical theory of heat, his first great discovery of Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Included is a historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms with their properties, importance and applications. Special emphasis is made…

  5. What Does It Take? Auto/biography as Performative PhD Thesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally Berridge

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Recently I completed a performative (creative PhD in the School of Creative Communication (now the Faculty of Design and Creative Practice at the University of Canberra, Australia, where such doctorates were established only in 2002. Since I completed in 2006, I have been contemplating some process issues that emerged during my three and a half year's studies. While conferring with fellow students and colleagues at three universities in England, I found that the many of the problems they encountered were similar and so were not due uniquely to the innovative phase that I encountered, but were part of a wider scenario. At my university, the requirements for a creative doctorate are a creative component (equivalent to about 60,000 words and a theoretical component (exegesis of about 30,000 words. The physical outcome of my thesis is two artist's books: one, Tissue, is autobiographical, while questioning the nature of autobiography, memory and identity. The other, Re-Picturing My Life, is the theoretical component, examining several paradigms including issues of methodology; the value of art as research; theories of memory, identity, autobiography, and human interactions with objects. I have placed some of my text/images in this paper to provide a taste of the work in my thesis. My paper reflects on performative work in the context of academic research, and the resilience, determination and sense of humour needed to complete a doctorate successfully in this valuable area of endeavour. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0802451

  6. [Tadeusz Tucholski (1898-1940). A contribution to the scientific biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucholska-Załuska, Hanna

    2014-01-01

    Assistant professor Tadeusz Tucholski Ph.D., murdered in Katyń, was one of the most outstanding representatives of the younger generation of Polish physical chemist scholars of the interwar period. He published over 30 scientific papers in the field of physical and chemical properties of explosions, kinetics and catalysis and also toxicology and forensics. Thesere searches were partly performed at the University of Poznań, in the period 1926-1939, at the Faculty of Medicine of the Department of Physics where Tucholski was employed as a senior assistant and was the closest associate of professor S. Kalandyk, partly at the Department of Forensic Medicine headed by professor S. Horoszkiewicz in the chemical-toxicological laboratory which Tucholski ranin the years 1931-1939, partly at the Warsaw University of Technology in the Department of Explosives Technology of the Faculty of Chemistry headed by professor T. Urbański, where he had been lecturing "On the latest theories of explosives" since 1937 and in 1934-35 in Cambridge, as a teaching fellow of the National Culture Fund, in Colloid Science Laboratory headed by professor E.K. Rideal. In 1903 Tucholski moved with his parents to Zabaykalye, in 1911--to Brazil. He returned to Poland in 1920, joined the Polish Army and with the 14th Polish Medium Regiment fought on the fronts of the Polish-Bolshevik War. He was drafted to the School of Pyrotechnics Foremen at Corps District Command number VII (Poznań). After graduating, Tucholski remained on active duty as a professional pyrotechnic: from 1921 to 1929 he was appointed the head of the Laboratory of Chemical and Pyrotechnic Ammunition Workshop No. 2 in Poznań and as an inspector of magazines of explosives. In 1927 he was transferred to the reserves, in 1932 after having graduated from the Officer Cadet School in Jarocin, Tucholski was appointed a second lieutenant in the Army Reserve, and later moved from the officers infantry corpsto the army ordnance corps. As part of his specialty, he constantly cooperated with the army. In the years 1937-1939,Tucholski was a technical adviser to the Ministry of Military Affairs and from August 1939--an independent researcher at the Institute of Armament Technology. He took part in the works of the Explosives Commission of the Military Technical Society. Tadeusz Tucholski was a self-taught man. He passed his A-level examsin course of his military service in October 1923 and began studying chemistry at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Poznań. He obtained his Master's degree in 1927, the rank and the degree of Ph.D. in the field of chemical sciences and physics in 1930. In 1936, he became the Associate Professor of physical chemistry of explosives at the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Technology in Warsaw. Tucholski invented the method of the differential thermal analysis. He is the author of the widely used differential calorimeter which records the-processes of conversion of explosives during heating, presently known as the Differential Scanning Calorimeter.

  7. A Biography of the Trousered Munitions Women’s Uniform of World War 1

    OpenAIRE

    Roberts, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    Ce chapitre fournit une vue d’ensemble de la recherche pour un exemple survivant de l’uniforme de pantalons des « munitionettes », alors que les travailleurs dans les usines de munitions dans la Première Guerre Mondiale étaient reconnus. Si nous examinons la réaction sur les femmes qui portent un vêtement d’homme et les discussions d’émancipation de cet uniforme, ces recherches ont étudié considérablement les archives jadis moins utilisées dans l’histoire des vêtements. Comme il n’existe plus...

  8. Claim on memory : a political biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., 1914-1988

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, Erik Eduard Willem van den

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on the political life of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., the third surviving son of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt. The key question of this study emphasizes how FDR, Jr. interpreted the Roosevelt name and legacy during his life and political career. This book

  9. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Political Affairs, USSR Council of Ministers & Officials: Biographies, Interviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-12

    lines to process livestock and poultry, make ice cream, cans as well as the equipment for the light and nonalcoholic industries, beer breweries ...happens in life that a person works to the bone , is dedicated to his job and knows it well - but has no popular support. Probably people should...program? [Velichko] I count on the labor collectives. No genuine economic accountability will exist if it does not operate in the primary cell , such

  10. Genius in the shadows a biography of Leo Szilard, the man behind the bomb

    CERN Document Server

    Lanouette, William

    2013-01-01

    Well-known names such as Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Edward Teller are usually those that surround the creation of the atom bomb. One name that is rarely mentioned is Leo Szilard, known in scientific circles as "father of the atom bomb." The man who first developed the idea of harnessing energy from nuclear chain reactions, he is curiously buried with barely a trace in the history of this well-known and controversial topic.Born in Hungary and educated in Berlin, he escaped Hitler's Germany in 1933 and that first year developed his concept of nucle

  11. It came from outer space wearing an RAF blazer! a fan's biography of Sir Patrick Moore

    CERN Document Server

    Mobberley, Martin

    2013-01-01

    To British television viewers, the name ‘Patrick Moore’ has been synonymous with Astronomy and Space Travel since he first appeared on The Sky at Night in 1957. To amateur astronomers he has been a source of inspiration, joy, humour and even an eccentric role model since that time. Most people know that his 55 years of presenting The Sky at Night is a world record, but what was he really like in person?  What did he do away from the TV cameras, in his observatory, and within the British Astronomical Association, the organisation that inspired him as a youngster? Also, precisely what did he do during the War Years, a subject that has always been shrouded in mystery? Martin Mobberley, a friend of Patrick Moore’s for 30 years, and a former President of the British Astronomical Association, has spent ten years exhaustively researching Patrick’s real life away from the TV cameras. His childhood, RAF service, tireless voluntary work for astronomy and charity and his endless book writing are all examined in...

  12. Considering (Auto)biography in Teaching and Learning about Race and Racism in a Diverse University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Demelza

    2017-01-01

    The "sociological imagination"--the recognition of the relationship between "private troubles" and "public issues" (Mills [1959] 2000. "The Sociological Imagination". Oxford: Oxford University Press: 8)--is central to the discipline of sociology. This article reports findings of a 2014 study which…

  13. Biography of Aureal T. Cross: World class coal geologist, palynologist, paleobotanist and educator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phillips, Tom L. [Department of Plant Biology, School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

    2007-01-02

    An Ohioan by birth, June 4, 1916, in Findlay, Hancock County, Aureal T. Cross grew up an Iowan on a dairy farm near Waterloo at Castle Hill. He was the second of five children of Congregational Minister Raymond W. and Mrs. Myra Jane Coon Cross. Aureal's grade school education was mostly in a one-room school at Castle Hill, then to East Waterloo, junior high and high school, where music was as important as farm work before and after classes. On a history and music scholarship at Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Aureal was drawn to L. R. Wilson's physical geology course and the summer reconnaissance trips. Graduating from Coe College in 1939 with an honors thesis on pollen analysis, Aureal completed his Masters in 1941 and a PhD thesis in 1943 at the University of Cincinnati with J. H. Hoskins on Pennsylvanian age plants from coal-balls. During 1942-1946 he taught premedical U.S. Navy students at the University of Notre Dame with a 1943-1944 leave as a National Research Council Fellow. Aureal and Christina Aleen Teyssier met during 1943 in Pittsburgh and married in 1945. Aureal replaced K. E. Caster, his paleontology mentor, for three and one half years (1946-1949) in the Geology Department at Cincinnati, and did field mapping for the Ohio Geological Survey during the summers. Cross established (1949-1957) productive graduate training and research programs in the West Virginia University Geology Department and the West Virginia Geologic and Economic Survey where he had dual appointments. His move (1957-1961) to Exploration Geology, at Amoco's Pan American Petroleum Corporation Research Center in Tulsa, Oklahoma, permitted him to develop and supervise a major palynological research group. The return to academia (1961) at Michigan State University in East Lansing resulted in one of the most comprehensive graduate training programs in paleobotany, palynology, biostratigraphy and paleoecology in North America. Although Aureal Cross officially retired in 1986, he has continued research projects, publication of manuscripts, attends professional meetings with Aleen, and has kept in touch with several generations of his students as well as with many colleagues. He has received numerous awards, none more deserved than those recognizing his outstanding contributions as a teacher, coal geologist, and paleobotanist. (author)

  14. Biography of a technology: North America's power grid through the twentieth century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohn, Julie A.

    North Americans are among the world's most intense consumers of electricity. The vast majority in the United States and Canada access power from a network of transmission lines that stretch from the East Coast to the West Coast and from Canada to the Mexican Baja. This network, known as the largest interconnected machine in the world, evolved during the first two thirds of the twentieth century. With the very first link-ups occurring at the end of the 1890s, a wide variety of public and private utilities extended power lines to reach markets, access and manage energy resources, balance loads, realize economies of scale, provide backup power, and achieve economic stability. In 1967, utility managers and the Bureau of Reclamation connected the expansive eastern and western power pools to create the North American grid. Unlike other power grids around the world, built by single, centrally controlled entities, this large technological system emerged as the result of multiple decisions across eighty-five years of development, and negotiations for control at the economic, political, and technological levels. This dissertation describes the process of building the North American grid and the paradoxes the resulting system represents. While the grid functions as a single machine moving electricity across the continent, it is owned by many independent entities. Smooth operations suggest that the grid is a unified system; however, it operates under shared management and divided authority. In addition, although a single power network seems the logical outcome of electrification, in fact it was assembled through aggregation, not planning. Interconnections intentionally increase the robustness of individual sub-networks, yet the system itself is fragile, as demonstrated by major cascading power outages. Finally, the transmission network facilitates increased use of energy resources and consumption of power, but at certain points in the past, it also served as a technology of conservation. While this project explores the history of how and why North America has a huge interconnected power system, it also offers insights into the challenges the grid poses for our energy future.

  15. Authorship in the interstices of history, biography, reality and memory: Histoire(s du Cinema and Cabra Marcado para Morrer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Sayad

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo contrasta Histoire(s du cinéma de Jean-Luc Godard e Cabra Marcado Para Morrer de Eduardo Coutinho, estão engajadas com a questão da autoria no cinema. Enquanto a imagem de Godard enfatiza a capacidade que tem um filme de transmitir a visão de mundo pessoal de um artista, a presença de Coutinho na tela funciona menos como um meio de subjetivar a obra do que como um catalizador instigando cetas reações nos "atores" filmados.

  16. The biography of the immune system and the control of cancer: from St Peregrine to contemporary vaccination strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krone, Bernd; Kölmel, Klaus F; Grange, John M

    2014-08-16

    The historical basis and contemporary evidence for the use of immune strategies for prevention of malignancies are reviewed. Emphasis is focussed on the Febrile Infections and Melanoma (FEBIM) study on melanoma and on malignancies that seem to be related to an overexpression of human endogenous retrovirus K (HERV-K). It is claimed that, as a result of recent observational studies, measures for prevention of some malignancies such as melanoma and certain forms of leukaemia are already at hand: vaccination with Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) of new-borns and vaccination with the yellow fever 17D (YFV) vaccine of adults. While the evidence of their benefit for prevention of malignancies requires substantiation, the observations that vaccinations with BCG and/or vaccinia early in life improved the outcome of patients after surgical therapy of melanoma are of practical relevance as the survival advantage conferred by prior vaccination is greater than any contemporary adjuvant therapy. The reviewed findings open a debate as to whether controlled vaccination studies should be conducted in patients and/or regions for whom/where they are needed most urgently. A study proposal is made and discussed. If protection is confirmed, the development of novel recombinant vaccines with wider ranges of protection based, most likely, on BCG, YFV or vaccinia, could be attempted.

  17. Histoire, histoires… Blood Upon the Rose de Gerry Hunt et Louis Riel. A Comic Strip Biography de Chester Brown

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Morisson

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans deux bandes dessinées historiques abordant des épisodes centraux de l’histoire nationale irlandaise et manitobienne, Gerry Hunt et Chester Brown mettent en scène des héros devenus martyrs en leur pays. Leurs choix scénaristiques et graphiques sont très éloignés mais les deux auteurs se penchent sur l’exemplarité contestée des héros et revendiquent le droit de fournir aux lecteurs des points de vue audacieux sur les mythes fondateurs de la nation. La bande dessinée leur permet de s’affranchir d’une tradition historiographique nationaliste. Blood Upon the Rose et Louis Riel sont néanmoins sous-tendues par deux visions divergentes de l’histoire. La lutte pour l’indépendance est présentée soit comme le fait d’un individu soit comme un élan collectif.In their historical graphic novels, focused on pivotal episodes of Irish and Manitobian history, Gerry Hunt and Chester Brown put in the limelight two heroes that are, in their countries, elevated to the status of martyrs. If the authors’ graphic and narrative choices differ, both of them question the virtues of these much-debated heroes and claim their right to provide well-grounded but daring interpretations of the forging of the nation and its myths. Blood Upon the Rose and Chester Brown are nonetheless underpinned by two diverging visions of History since the fight for independence is viewed either as the achievement of an enlightened individual or as the result of a collective rebellion.

  18. The cultural biography of landscape as an interdisciplinary tool for landscape planning at Banjarmasin City, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damayanti, Vera; Spek, Mattheus

    2015-01-01

    During the twentieth century concepts of cultural landscape have been developed that have led to the inclusion of the cultural dimension in landscape studies. The implication of this in landscape planning and management is that planners should not only comprehend the physical dimension of a

  19. I Would Take any Job, but…: Biographies of Low-Educated Women at the Intersection of Class and Gender

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Křížková, Alena; Formánková, Lenka

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 44, č. 6 (2012), s. 651-677 ISSN 0049-1225 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP404/10/0021 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : gender * intersectionality * care Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.240, year: 2012

  20. "Hollywood nurses" in West Germany: biographies, self-images, and experiences of academically trained nurses after 1945.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreutzer, Susanne

    2013-01-01

    The School of Nursing at Heidelberg University was founded in 1953 on the initiative of the Rockefeller Foundation to generate new, scientifically trained nursing elite to advance the professionalization of nursing in West Germany. The "American" concept met massive resistance. Its "superior nursing training" was seen as creating "Hollywood nurses"-a threat to the traditional Christian understanding of good, caring nursing. Intense social conflicts also caused problems with other groups of nurses. The school nevertheless played a very important role as a "cadre academy" in the history of professionalization. Many of the first German professors in the nursing sciences trained or underwent further training in Heidelberg.

  1. Female sexuality and historical time: a comparison of sexual biographies of German women born between 1895 and 1936.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Sydow, K

    1996-10-01

    Ninety-one German women ages 50 to 91 years (birth cohorts: 1895 to 1936) were interviewed in-depth about their sexual development through the life span. This article presents the results on the historical change in female sexuality during childhood, puberty, and young marriage. The sample was divided into four subgroups, according to the year of birth, which were compared to each other. In contrast to the older groups, a higher percentage of women in the younger cohorts had experience in childhood sexual play, masturbation, "real" and faked orgasm, with historical time only having a slight influence on marital sexuality and fertility experiences. Data indicate that subjects born later were not only more experienced sexually but changed intraindividually more often in sexual matters, whereas the older women mostly "conserved" the sexual morals and habits learned in youth. Subjective sexual experience of the interviewees is illustrated by quotations.

  2. Short biography of Louis Daniel Beauperthuy (1807-71): pioneer of microbiology and medical science in Venezuela.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godoy, Gerardo A; Tarradath, Ewart

    2010-02-01

    Louis Daniel Beauperthuy was a pioneer of microbiology in Venezuela where he developed microscopic and clinical research together with academic and scientific observation related to leprosy and the role of insects in the transmission of febrile illnesses.

  3. SEG international exposition and sixty-fourth annual meeting -- 1994 Technical program: Expanded abstracts with authors' biographies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    The papers presented at the meeting are arranged into the following sections: Borehole geophysics; Computing techniques; Development and production geophysics; Electromagnetics; Gravity and magnetics; Interpretation methods and case histories; Mining geophysics; Near-surface geophysics; Poster presentations; Seismic acquisition; Seismic inversion; Seismic lithology; Seismic modeling and migration; Seismic processing; and a workshop on Seismic data acquisition and processing in mountainous thrust areas. 266 papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base

  4. The Joan Wint Story: Biography of a Principal Whose Leadership for Social Justice Transformed a Rural Jamaican High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oram-Sterling, Jacqueline

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is a biographical study of the life of a retired high school principal in Jamaica. Joan Miller Wint was born on May 10, 1946, in the small rural district of Success in Westmoreland, Jamaica. This study of Wint's life centers on school transformation and organizational change, exploring her leadership as a principal through the…

  5. "A Prairie Childhood" by Edith Abbott: An Excerpt from "The Children's Champion," a Biography of Grace Abbott

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorensen, John

    2003-01-01

    Grace Abbott's courageous struggles--to protect the rights of immigrants, to increase the role of women in government, and to improve the lives of all children--are filled with adventurous tales of the remarkable human ability to seek out suffering and to do something about it. "A Prairie Childhood" is an excerpt from the Grace Abbott biography…

  6. A narrative method for learning from innovative coastal projects – Biographies of the Sand Engine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bontje, L.E.; Slinger, J.H.

    2017-01-01

    The cyclic nature of integrated coastal management embodies a learning-based approach. Pilot projects in particular have an explicit learning objective. Whereas learning from (changing) physical aspects is often part of the monitoring and evaluation phase within the ICM cycle, learning from the

  7. J.A. van der Kloes (1845-1935) : A professional biography of the first Dutch professor in building materials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quist, W.J.

    2015-01-01

    Prof. Jacobus Alida van der Kloes (1845-1935) was appointed teacher in building materials at the “Polytechnische school” of Delft in 1882. From 1905 until his retirement in 1915 he was promoted to full professor on the subject of knowledge and research of building materials at the “Technische

  8. Le choix du périurbain à Québec : nature et biographie résidentielle

    OpenAIRE

    Andrée Fortin; Andrée Fortin; Carole Després; Carole Després

    2009-01-01

    À l’heure des changements climatiques et du vieillissement de la population québécoise, nous nous sommes interrogées sur ce qui attire et/ou retient des résidents dans le périurbain, souvent au prix de longs déplacements quotidiens pour le travail ou les emplettes. Comme dans certains secteurs périurbains le prix des résidences est très élevé, le choix résidentiel ne se réduit pas à des considérations d’ordre économique. Nous analysons ici une des composantes essentielles du milieu et qui en ...

  9. Le choix du périurbain à Québec. Nature et biographie résidentielle

    OpenAIRE

    Fortin, Andrée; Després, Carole

    2011-01-01

    À l’heure des changements climatiques et du vieillissement de la population québécoise, nous nous sommes interrogées sur ce qui attire et/ou retient des résidents dans le périurbain, souvent au prix de longs déplacements quotidiens pour le travail ou les emplettes. Comme dans certains secteurs périurbains le prix des résidences est très élevé, le choix résidentiel ne se réduit pas à des considérations d’ordre économique. Nous analysons ici une des composantes essentielles du milieu et qui en ...

  10. The Noscapine Chronicle: A Pharmaco-Historic Biography of the Opiate Alkaloid Family and its Clinical Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rida, Padmashree C. G.; LiVecche, Dillon; Ogden, Angela; Zhou, Jun; Aneja, Ritu

    2016-01-01

    Given its manifold potential therapeutic applications and amenability to modification, noscapine is a veritable “Renaissance drug” worthy of commemoration. Perhaps the only facet of noscapine’s profile more astounding than its versatility is its virtual lack of side effects and addictive properties, which distinguishes it from other denizens of Papaver somniferum. This review intimately chronicles the rich intellectual and pharmacological history behind the noscapine family of compounds, the length of whose arms was revealed over decades of patient scholarship and experimentation. We discuss the intriguing story of this family of nontoxic alkaloids, from noscapine’s purification from opium at the turn of the 19th century in Paris to the recent torrent of rationally designed analogs with tremendous anticancer potential. In between, noscapine’s unique pharmacology; impact on cellular signaling pathways, the mitotic spindle, and centrosome clustering; use as an antimalarial drug and cough suppressant; and exceptional potential as a treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome, strokes, and diverse malignancies are catalogued. Seminal experiments involving some of its more promising analogs, such as amino-noscapine, 9-nitronoscapine, 9-bromonoscapine, and reduced bromonoscapine, are also detailed. Finally, the bright future of these oftentimes even more exceptional derivatives is described, rounding out a portrait of a truly remarkable family of compounds. PMID:26179481

  11. James Homer Wright: a biography of the enigmatic creator of the Wright stain on the occasion of its centennial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Robert E; Young, Robert H; Castleman, Benjamin

    2002-01-01

    James Homer Wright (1869-1928), the eldest son of a Pittsburgh glass merchant, was educated in Baltimore and practiced pathology in Boston from 1893 until his death in 1928. In 1896, when not quite 27 years old, he assumed directorship of the newly founded Pathology Laboratory at the Massachusetts General Hospital, a post he held for the next 30 years. He is remembered eponymously by the blood cell stain that bears his name and the Homer Wright pseudorosettes of neuroblastoma, but he made many additional contributions to pathology. These include the following: determination of the cellular lineage of multiple myeloma, identification of the megakaryocyte as the cell of origin of blood platelets, recognition of the cell of origin of the neuroblastoma, demonstration of spirochetes in syphilitic aneurysms of the aorta, and clarification of misconceptions about actinomycosis. Additionally, Wright coauthored, with Dr. Frank B. Mallory, the book Pathological Technique, which was a staple of laboratories for >40 years and exemplifies Wright's wide-ranging interests in, and contributions to, practical aspects of pathology including staining, culture and frozen section techniques, photography, and development of the rotary microtome. He received Honorary Doctor of Science Degrees from Harvard University, the University of Maryland (his alma mater), and the University of Missouri. He was the recipient of the Gross prize in 1905 for his publication on actinomycosis and the Boylston Medical Prize in 1908 for his discovery of the origin of platelets, and he was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1915. Although shy and somewhat austere in the workplace, a different side was shown by his anonymously sending flowers to a young Norwegian opera singer whom he subsequently married. The pathology laboratories of the Massachusetts General Hospital were named the "James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories" in 1956. Today James Homer Wright is remembered and honored 100 years after his description of the stain that, along with the pseudorosettes of neuroblastoma, carry his name into eternity and ensure his great contributions will never be forgotten.

  12. Hermann Oldenberg and the Historical Imperative: Writing a Biography of Gautama Buddha from Nineteenth-Century Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Eduardo García Fernández

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the second half of the nineteenth century Buddhism was well known as a religion among academic and literary circles in Europe. However, the variety of doctrinal versions and texts from different Buddhist schools posed a dilemma for the pioneering scholars in the field: which one was the real history and teaching of the Buddha? Although there were numerous studies and biographical versions of the life of Buddha, the one written by German Orientalist Hermann Oldenberg is noted for its historicist reconstruction and its claim to have used the original source. This article discusses how Oldenberg’s work represented an effort to reconstruct a hagiography through the lens of a modern rational society that demanded consistency with respect to religious events, imposing a holistic perspective to a heterogeneous material which in itself is fragmented, and thus contributing to the “construction” of the life of Gautama Buddha as a coherent whole.

  13. The biography of Uranium: from the Proto-solar cloud to the beginning of the oxygenic atmosphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garzon Ruiperez, L.; Cavero Cavero, A.

    2000-01-01

    The geo-chemical properties of uranium and its materials have allowed us to consistently describe this element's characteristics in the evolution of matter from the proto-solar nebula to the formation and subsequent evolution of the Earth. The formation of the most primitive deposits is considered , and it is inferred that they were of a detrital nature. The ionizing radiations emitted by these deposits and the existence of critical episodes in them have been considered. The low concentration of O 2 until some 2.4 Ga ago was the reason why uranium deposits were not widespread and why their typology and the typology of their minerals were not very diversified. Uranium evolution, deposits, minerals, radiation, criticality. (Author)

  14. [A short biography of Paul Bonét-Maury (1900-1972) or parallel lives of a pharmacist: researcher and judoka].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grognet, Jean-Marc

    2015-12-01

    Pharmacist by training, doctor in sciences and student of Marie Curie, he will be between 1925 and 1965 one of the pioneers of radiobiology, science of the study of the interaction between ionizing radiations and living matter. He will be the initiator of the teaching on the use of radioelements in medicine and pharmacy. At the same time as he develops a scientific work of international level, he makes a commitment prematurely in the judo of which he will be one of the first four French black belts. He founds in 1946 the French Federation of this sport of which he will be president until 1956, year from which he becomes a general secretary of the International Federation of Judo until 1971.

  15. A short biography of Hubert Ludwig and a note on the publication dates of his monograph Die Seewalzen (1889-1892).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Mike

    2015-12-03

    The dates of publication of Hubert Ludwig's (1852-1913) comprehensive monograph Die Seewalzen [= Sea cucumbers] are reviewed. The precise publication dates of his volume, originally published in 16 fascicles and 8 parts/issues, delivered between 1889 and 1892, has been re-examined. Additionally, a short biographical note on Hubert Ludwig's life and a discussion of all new taxa introduced by him in his monograph is given.

  16. The political evolution and the legal framework during the Civil War. Scarcity of monographs and a proliferation of biographies and witness accounts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier GARCÍA FERNÁNDEZ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the literature relating to the organisation of the Republican State and the State in the rebel area during the Spanish Civil War. We identify in both cases the works relating to the organs of the State at the international, national and local levels. Literature concerning official repression in the Republican and rebel areas is included as well. We have also added analyses of the more relevant political events, ideological trends, main political parties and singular political groups in both areas.

  17. The History of the Foundation of the Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service in 1974 and the Biography of its Founder; Professor Fereydoun Ala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi, Mohammad Hossein; Nayernouri, Touraj; Bahadori, Moslem

    2015-06-01

    The history of early attempts of blood transfusion in Iran traces back to the 1940s; however, around three decades later in 1974, the Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service (Sazeman-e Melli-e Enteqal-e Khun-e Iran) was founded by the outstanding hematologist, Professor Fereydoun Ala. The main goals of this centralized organization were to collect blood from healthy voluntary donors, to screen the donated blood and to provide various safe blood products based on scientific and ethical standards. In due course, a new era of blood transfusion service in Iran had begun to such a degree that after more than four decades of its activity, it is now considered the best-developed blood service in the eastern Mediterranean region. Here, a brief historical account of the early blood transfusion efforts and the establishment of the modern Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service in Iran is discussed in addition to the life and career of its founder and first director, Professor Fereydoun Ala.

  18. “When a Woman Speaks the Truth About Her Body”: Ethel Smyth, Virginia Woolf, and the Challenges of Lesbian Auto/biography

    OpenAIRE

    Wiley, C

    2004-01-01

    As professionals who encountered first-hand the invidious barriers within patriarchal society that hindered career women, Ethel Smyth and Virginia Woolf both used their published writings to pursue lifelong crusades against the under-representation of females in their respective disciplines. This article compares the different strategies by which the two artists strove to tell the truth about their experiences as women, and considers the corresponding implications for Smyth’s musical output. ...

  19. Vicente Bianchi Alarcón, a musical biography, and the implications of having won the National Prize of Musical Arts in 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Menanteau Aravena

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article consists of two sections. In the first part we review the musical trajectory of Vicente Bianchi Alarcon, in his varied dimensions as a pianist, arranger, orchestral conductor and composer. Most of the information contained was obtained from conversations with Vicente Bianchi, especially from an interview made in 2002. The second part contains a list of data and considerations regarding the obtaining of the National Prize for Musical Arts 2016.

  20. A composer’s inner biography a sketch for the study of influences in Ljubica Marić’s oeuvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melita Milin

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Attempting to investigate works of music through frank examination of possible influences is a delicate thing, sometimes maybe dangerous - as has been suggested by Jonathan Cross in his book, The Stravinsky Legacy. While the originality of a composer may appear to be threatened with such types of critique, for musicologists it is important to draw upon a deeper appreciation for how a composer searched for his/her own creative voice. The music of Ljubica Marić (1909-2003, one of the most important Serbian composers of the 20th century, has been chosen to demonstrate how composers need different influences during different phases of their maturation and how they deeply integrate them in order to create an individual utterance. Ljubica Marić first studied composition with Josip Slavenski at the Belgrade Music School (1925-29, and continued her studies with Josef Suk at the Master School of the Prague Conservatory (1929-32 where she obtained her diploma. Finally, she took Alois Hába’s course in quarter-tone music at the same institution from 1936 to 1937. The works she composed during the 1930’s were characterized by a radical will to break ties with traditional, mainly romantic music, so she chose to be influenced by the free atonal pre-dodecaphonic works of Arnold Schoenberg. Following World War II, she introduced some changes of expression that were more in keeping with links from the past. Her music became tonally stabilized, and thematic-motivational developments were rediscovered, resulting in an expression that became milder. But the changes need not necessarily be linked exclusively to the post-war climate of socialist realism. Rather, the previous style may have met up with some type of impasse - the sort that confounds or ultimately transforms an artist. For Ljubica Marić, however, it appears she was never truly satisfied with her first post-war works (1945-1950. What is certain is that she composed nothing during the several years that preceded her first masterpiece, the cantata The Songs of Space (1956. It is however worth examining whether or not they were really "dry years". It is certain that for Ljubica Marić, they were fresh discoveries of Serbian traditional singing, both folk and church, poetic and artistic treasures of the Middle Ages - but she also revived earlier experiences (from the pre-war decade that she had rejected at the time, mainly the music of Stravinsky, Bartók and Slavenski. Although those influences can be detected in the score of The Songs of Space, the work has a strong individual imprint, an identity of its own. In the works that followed, The Passacaglia for orchestra and in several compositions belonging to the cycle Musica octoicha (Octoicha 1, The Byzantine Concerto, Ostinato super thema octoicha, The Threshold of Dreams original traits of Ljubica Marić’s poetics became even more pronounced. The last works that she produced (in the 1980’s and 1990’s are all for instrumental soloists or chamber ensembles. They continue with, and refine the main characteristics of the earlier ones. Ljubica Marić’s evolvement thus presents a search for originality of expression that was reached only after a process of selective assimilation and creative transformation of tradition had been fulfilled - but not until any "anxiety of influences" had been abandoned. It has been shown that Ljubica Marić, like other artists needed to be ready to be influenced, in order to absorb such influences in a creative way.

  1. A María Teresa León’s Fictional Biography: Cervantes, el soldado que nos enseñó a hablar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Vinatea

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Our purpose is to study the limits between reality and fiction in the central chapters of the story of the foundation of the Convento de la Encarnación of Lima by Father Antonio de la Calancha. The convent was founded in 1556 by Leonor de Portocarrero and her daughter Doña Mencía de Sosa, widow of the crown’s traitor Francisco Hernández Girón. Despite the chronicles are consider a «hybrid genre» between literature and history by contemporary critics, Father Calancha’s story is basically historic as it follows the model of humanist histography of the XVI century. We argue that in this model aesthetic values are functional to the interpretation.

  2. Karl Marx: um balanço biográfico = Karl Marx: an overview of his biographies = Karl Marx: un panorama de sus biografias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Segrillo, Angelo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Muitos balanços bibliográficos/teóricos foram feitos sobre o pensamento e obras de Marx, entretanto, nunca foi realizado um balanço biográfico sobre o pensador alemão, no sentido de um balanço das biografias que foram escritas sobre sua vida, independentemente de sua obra teórica. É este balanço inédito que é oferecido aqui. Serão examinadas as principais biografias de Marx, desde a primeira (surgida dois anos após sua morte até as lançadas no século XXI. Procurar-se-á mostrar a evolução na qualidade deste tipo de trabalho, tanto no aspecto metodológico-formal como no aspecto de novas facetas factuais da vida de Marx sendo descobertas ao longo do tempo

  3. Life and work of Pavle Šeroglić (1800-1857: Part one: Draft biography of the first reviewer of Serbian Civil Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drakić Gordana M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article sheds light on life and work of the first reviwer of Serbian Civil Code Pavle Šeroglić. The paper is divided in two parts, first of which is concerned with Šeroglić's private and public life, as the second provides data on his career as a barrister. Šeroglić was born on July 25th, 1800 in Sremski Karlovci. He finished elementary school and renown Sremski Karlovci Grammar School in his place of birth. Having completed his middle school education, Šeroglić studied philosophy in Szeged and law in Sárospatak, Pest and Vienna. As Šeroglić was a bachelor who had no children, he had been very supportive towards his nephew Grigorije (latter German Anđelić, who later became the patriarch of Serbian Orthodox Church. Šeroglić was the benefactor of Sremski Karlovci Grammar School, to which he donated money and books. Besides then patriarch of Serbian Orthodox Church Josif Rajačić, Šeroglić is the most creditable figure for building an orthodox garrison chapel in Petrovaradin. In the beginning of his work as a barrister, Šeroglić was often accused of some acts beyond the limit of morality, such as giving legal advice for both parties in civil lawsuits. Notwithstanding such behaviour, in the years to come Šeroglić represented some very prominent individuals and institutions, such as former Serbian prince Miloš Obrenović, Austrian military treasury, inheritance mass of deceased Serbian metropolitan Stefan Stanković, catholic church Saint Mary of Snow (Tekije in Sremski Karlovci, and famous Serbian poet Jovan Jovanović Zmaj's father in law Pavle Ličanin. Šeroglić died on February 12th, 1857. He testated all his property to Sremski Karlovci Grammar School. During his lifetime Šeroglić showed goodness and generosity towards his cousins, Sremski Karlovci Grammar School and Serbian Orthodox Church. As a barrister, however, he did not always distinguish himself in morality, but judging by the names of his clients, he excelled in quality of his work.

  4. Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomic physicist and messenger of culture 1868-1951. A biography; Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomphysiker und Kulturbote 1868-1951. Eine Biografie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckert, Michael

    2013-09-01

    Arnold Sommerfeld is beside Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and Max Planck one of the founders of modern atomic and quantum theory. His career began in the 1890th years at the University of Goettingen, the world center of mathematics of that time. Since 1906 he created on the professorship for theoretical physics at the Munich university one of the most important schools of science, the students of which are well-known theorists of the atomic era like as the Nobel-price winners Hans Bethe, Peter Debye, Wolfgang Pauli, and Werner Heisenberg. He also developed far beyond his subject an unprecedented impact. He travelled as ''messenger of culture'' in many countries in order to advertise in the years after the first world war for the reputation of Germany as culture nation. By the nationalsocialism the Munich ''nursery of theoretical physics'' however was prepared an inglorious end, because Sommerfeld counted for a ''main propagandist of Jewish theories''. By the example of this life of a physicist also the eventful history of a whole subject.

  5. The cultural biography of a street. Memory, cultural heritage and historical notion of the Visserstraat in Breda, the Netherlands (1200-2000)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hupperetz, W.; Kolen, J.; Renes, J.; Hermans, R.

    2015-01-01

    Presented in this article is a scheduling principle that can be used to improve the practicalapproach to cultural history. In short, it means operationalising the three time levels of Fernand Braudel to form a conceptual-historical approach. The wealth of historical-culturaldata can thus be arranged

  6. The edition from the VNLU fonds, unknown in the bibliography, as a sourcefor the biography of the book owner in the 18th ct. (description of the edition and the copy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zabolotna N.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research of small (with a small amount of pages editions is now very actual as such publications usually are not covered by most scientific catalogs. This complicates their attribution and primarily their dating because many of these books are undated. The activity of Pochayiv Assumption monastery printing house in the 18th ct., especially in 70’s - 80’s is an example of active publication of such kind of editions. The article is devoted to the copy of the book «Decretum quo Sanctissimus Dominus Noster Clemens Divina Providentiв PP. XIV. concedit Proto-Archmandritж Congregationis S. Basilii Magni Ruthenorum, nec non cжteris Archimadritis ejusdem Congregationis, eorumquи in perpetuum Successoribus, facuttalem impertendi Benedictionem cum Jndulgentia Plenaria in articulo mortis» [Pochayiv: Typography of Assumption Monastery, between 1772 and 1774], which is not described in the bibliography. The investigated copy is also a document of one of the owners, the Basilian monk Amvrosii Lukasevych. The article has appendices with scientific descriptions of the edition and the copy.

  7. The biography of Uranium: from the Proto-solar cloud to the beginning of the oxygenic atmosphere; La biografia del Uranio. Desde la nube protosolar hast el comienzo de la atmosfera oxigenica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garzon Ruiperez, L.; Cavero Cavero, A.

    2000-07-01

    The geo-chemical properties of uranium and its materials have allowed us to consistently describe this element's characteristics in the evolution of matter from the proto-solar nebula to the formation and subsequent evolution of the Earth. The formation of the most primitive deposits is considered , and it is inferred that they were of a detrital nature. The ionizing radiations emitted by these deposits and the existence of critical episodes in them have been considered. The low concentration of O{sub 2} until some 2.4 Ga ago was the reason why uranium deposits were not widespread and why their typology and the typology of their minerals were not very diversified. Uranium evolution, deposits, minerals, radiation, criticality. (Author)

  8. [Biography and dementia. Origin of challenging behavior in patients with multi-infarct dementia or senile dementia of the Alzheimer type in long term care with reference the biographical level].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höwler, Elisabeth

    2011-10-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the connection between the nature of agitated behaviour and meaningful biographical experiences within two types of dementia in a moderate stadium. The two dementia types included Alzheimer Disease (SDAT) and Multi-infarction aphrenia (MID). Biographical narrative interviews with 26 nursing home residents suffering from dementia have been concluded. Topics were their first thirty years of life (based on a foreign anamnesis). The challenging behaviour has been observed systematically in nursing situations. The data has been evaluated with the comparative casuistics method (Jüttemann, 1990). The behaviour has been measured with the CMAI-scale before and also after having moved to a nursing home. Residents behaviour patterns can be divided into three biographical central characters: Life as finding, life as emotional disorder and life as struggle. Institutional characteristics: Loss of near rhythms of life, losing control over the personal area, experience of social isolation and certain characteristics from nurses: staff detractions and the exercise of nursing actions which appears threats contribute to the phenomena. A disparity is shown between the types of dementia in terms of patterns of demonstrated behaviour. In addition gender differences could be shown. The recognition of the phenomena by means of the CMAI-scale elucidate that the phenomena appears for the first time or is stronger after the resettlement to a nursing home. These findings can improve nurses' understanding of the phenomena within long-term care.

  9. High-Altitude Aggressions and Physiological Degeneration? The Biography of “Climate” as an Object of Scientific Inquiry in Colombia During the 19th and the Early 20th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Pohl-Valero

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to show the role played by experimental physiology in the way of understanding the effects of high-altitude climates on the functioning of the human body and the possibilities of progress of the Colombian nation throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Content: the transformation of the concept of climate as an object of scientific inquiry is explored over the studied period. This is done by analyzing investigations on respiratory capacity, nutrition and metabolism, blood chemistry and heart function in people of the eastern range of the Colombian Andes. Conclusions: beyond an institutional or disciplinary history of physiology, this article shows that some practices of experimental physiology played a role in the process of represent­ing the Colombian nation, territory, and population. The inhabitants of the Andean highlands were understood not only in terms of race and innate abilities, but also in terms of social classes and organic transformations. The idea that there was a supposed process of “physiological de­generation”, decreasing the efficiency of high-altitude workers, was tried to compensate through a “rational diet”.

  10. Un sistema de información para la ciencia argentina: biografía de Ricardo Alberto Gietz (1932-1998 = An information System for Argentine Science: Ricardo Alberto Gietz Biography (1932-1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Solari

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda el trabajo profesional del bibliotecario Ricardo Gietz, entre los años del Estado Benefactor desarrollado por el peronismo hasta el desmantelamiento del mismo por el neoliberalismo en la década de 1990. El interés en la figura de Gietz, se debe a que fue el único latinoamericano que tuvo a su cargo la presidencia de la FID, fue director del CAICYT y del Servicio Iberoamericano de Información sobre la Traducción de la UNESCO en la Argentina, entre otros cargos que ocupó en organismos nacionales e internacionales. Ha sido uno de los documentalistas más importantes que tuvo el país, no obstante, es desconocido para las nuevas generaciones de trabajadores de la información. Junto a su padre, que también había sido bibliotecario, tuvieron un papel clave en la implementación de políticas documentales y bibliotecológicas que, en algunos casos, siguen dando frutos dentro y fuera del CONICET = This article deals with the professional work of the librarian Richard Gietz, between the Welfare State developed by Peronism to the dismantling of the same by neoliberalism in the 1990s. The interest in the figure of Gietz is in that he was the only Latin American who was in charge of the presidency of FID, was the director of CAICYT, and of Latin American Service on Translation Information of UNESCO in Argentina, among other charges in national and international organizations. He was one of the most important documentalists in the country, however, he is unknown to the new generations of information workers. Along with his father, who was also a librarian, they played a key role in the implementation of documental and library policies and, in some cases, continue to bear fruit inside and outside CONICET.

  11. Early support and early intervention as a support for the child and their family based on the biographies of parents of children with rare genetic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urszula Klajmon-Lech

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Receiving information on child’s disease or disability is a very difficult and often traumatic experience for the parents. Researchers investigating this issue indicate an array of negative parental emotional reactions such as: a sense of loss, loneliness, shock, mutual blaming, uncertainty, anxiety. Early intervention, understood as interdisciplinary services provided by physiotherapists, doctors, pedagogues, psychologists, and other specialists in the first years of child’s life, is equally needed by both children themselves and their parents, who, owing to the provided education and support, mature to the role of a parent-caretaker-therapist. The paper will address the results of a research conducted among parents of children with rare genetic diseases. The respondents shared their experiences associated with early intervention, assessed the quality of the received support as well as its effects on the child and the family. The study was conducted based on qualitative research methodology. I conducted narrative interviews with the mothers and fathers of children affected by rare chromosomal disorders. The analysis of narration focused on the experiences associated with implemented or non-implemented early intervention. Some of the parents of children with rare chromosomal syndromes had no opportunity to participate in early intervention; respondents in this group complained about specialists ignoring the reported problems and described disease symptoms as well as being involved in a “therapeutic pursuit” for a long time. The other group included parents participating in early intervention programmes. The experience of a rare disease increased their need to expand their knowledge on the disease and treatment options, which certainly presented a significant challenge for specialists. However, even in such a difficult situation it is possible to implement a model early intervention programme, as reported by one of respondents.

  12. Influences of mechanical exposure biographies on physical capabilities of workers from automotive industry - a study on possible dose-response relationships and consequences for short and long term job rotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rademacher, Holger; Bruder, Ralph; Sinn-Behrendt, Andrea; Landau, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a field study in production areas of a vehicle manufacturing plant, where 106 male workers (aged from 20 to 63 years) were examined and interviewed by the authors. Aim of study was to identify relationships between specific physical worker capabilities and doses of mechanical exposures using self-developed standardized questionnaires as well as a battery of work-specific tests. The dependent variables are different "physical capabilities", classified using a five-point rating scale with regard to the grade of limitation of the respective capability. Independent variables are "age" and specific "mechanical exposures". Several exposures were combined and multiplied with their respective durations in order to determine doses on three different body regions - back, shoulder-neck and upper limbs. There are significant positive correlations between "age" and "dose of mechanical exposure on back/shoulder-neck/upper limbs region". The analysis of the relationship between dose of exposure and different capabilities to lift or reposition loads (with variable weight) shows weak significant correlations for all three body regions. Data analysis shows no significant correlations between any dose of mechanical exposure and capabilities to work in awkward body postures.These results should be considered in age management programs when scheduling future employee assignments to workplaces, especially for production systems where manual handling tasks are dominant.

  13. [An international medical expert committee's participation in uncovering the truth on the liquidation of Polish officers found in mass graves at Katyn in the spring of 1943 and the biography of a Danish participant, Helge Tramsen (1910-1979)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosdahl, Nils

    2008-01-01

    The article is based on a paper read as a invited speaker at a conference, entitled "Medical experts and expertise in cases of humanitarian crises "convened by the University of Geneva and the Committee of the International Red Cross in April 2007. The article starts with an overview of Polish history from the end of World War I up to the disclosure of the mass graves in the spring of 1943, but is otherwise a translation of the original English lecture with some additions from new findings.in archives. Helge tramsen was born into a bourgois family in Copenhagen. After graduation in medicine from the University of Copenhegen in 1936 he married a British woman and joined the naval medical corps and also embarked on a surgical career.. From 1940 to 1943 he was prosector at the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Copenhagen. After the finding of the mass graves at Katyn, Germany requested from a number of European countries under German control forensic experts to join an international commission to investigate the findings. As the professor of forensic medicine declined perobably due to health reasons Tramsen was sent. During the German occupation of Denmark 1940 to 1945 Tramsen according to family tradition participated in the resistance movement and he consulted with members of the more conservative part of it and was recommended to go to Germany with an added purpose of being able to transport material out of Germany. He went with special plane from Copenhagen to Berlin, where he joined the international group, which later flew to Smolensk via Warszawa. He conducted a post mortem on the body of a Polish officer, selected by himself. Following that he attended in the discussion on the final report, which later in Berlin was handed over to the German minister of health, and which later formed an important part of the official German material accusing the USSR for the killing. During his stay in Berlin he claimed to have collected material, which in his opinion was drawings of the Eder Möwe dams and brought it back to Copenhagen with the severed head of the body of the Polish officer, on which he has carried out the post mortem. After Tramsen's return to Denmark, a British agent obtained his travel report and sent it to London and he later obtained additional information from Tramsen on the unanimous and voluntary conclusion of the experts. No information on the drawings and the head can be found in British archives. According to Tramsen's own account as a naval officer on activities during the occupation, he participated in sabotage actions, but that can not be substantiated by other sources. However, he participated in July 1944 in an attach on a fortress north of Copenhagen, held by the German Navy; the attach failed, and Transen went under ground, but later returned to his flat in Copenhagen, where he was taken prisoner by German security police. As prisoner he underwent torture and was subjected to mocked execution. He was transferred to a concentration camp, but probably due to the intervention by the permanent secretary of the Danish Foreign office, which after the Danish Government has stopped functioning in August 1943 kept the administration running and retained contacts with the German occupation authorities, Tramsen was not sent to a concentration camp in Germany, where survival rates were very low, but to one in Denmark. After the German defeat in May 1945 Tramsen continued his career in surgery, but went into general practice in Copenhagen in 1947, when he also obtained a permanent position in the naval medical service., where he remained until normal retirement in 1970, in the latter part as the highest ranking medical naval officer. He also served as medical chief at the Danish hospital ship Jutlandia serving as Danish contribution to the UN off the coast of Korea during the Korean war. He also attended as representative of the Danish Ministry of Defence the conference on the revision of the Geneva Conventions. No doubt Tramsen feared Soviet retaliation, but on the other hand he also showed courage by giving evidence at the US congressional hearings in 1952, where he confirmed that there had been no German pressure on the participants, and their conclusions had been voluntary and unanimous. He also gave an interview on Radio Free Europe transmitted to Poland in 1962. in which he desribed his experiences in Katyn. In 1971 his eldest daughter died in Warsaw, offially by carbon-monoxid poisoning from a gas heater. In theory it could be an accident, homicide or suicide. He felt it could be a revenge and in his grief he felt responsible and had a nervous break down. He died from a somatic illness in 1979 and during his terminal illness he told about his experiences from the war to a nephew.

  14. The Armed Force of the Philippines and Special Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-12-01

    149 Abueva, J. (1971). Ramon Magsaysay: A Political Biography. Manila: Solidaridad Publishing House. (p. 180). 150...Biography. Manila: Solidaridad Publishing House. Armed Force of the Philippines Field Circular 3-7-1. (2001). Knowing the Terrorists: The Abu

  15. Qualitative comparative analysis of Grimm brothers' and Manica Koman's fairy tales, based on the structuralist literary theory of Vladimir J. Propp

    OpenAIRE

    Ložar, Ana

    2012-01-01

    The present BA thesis, titled A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Grimm Brothers' and Manica Koman's Fairy Tales, Based on the Structuralist Literary Theory of Vladimir J. Propp, consists of two parts. The first one presents the biography and work of the Grimm brothers, and the biography and work of Manica Koman, a Slovene folktale writer. Biography and work facts about the former were mainly found in Hermann Gerstner's detailed biography of the Brothers Grimm, Die Brűder Grimm: Ei...

  16. Antara Biografi Dan Historiografi (Studi 36 Buku Biografi Di Indonesia )

    OpenAIRE

    Daud, Safari

    2013-01-01

    The writing of the religious leaders in Indonesia ranks the second after political figures ones. This ranking is the result of Gerry van Klinken' research on biographies writings in Indonesia from1950 to 2000 as many as 2,629 books . As the domain of science history , the quantity of writing biographies have not shown the quality of historiography. A total of 36 biography books that the writer analyzed using prevalence history method found out four historiographical issues...

  17. Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin (MIPB). Volume 37, Number 2, April-June 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    North Korea and Iran: Will Any Lessons Be Learned?”, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, 11 October 2006, retrieved at http://www.jcpa.org/brief...author in the byline and a short biography for each. The biography should include the author’s current duty assignment, related assignments, relevant...and phone numbers with the biography . We will edit the articles and put them in a style and format appropriate for MIPB. From time to time, we

  18. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, ... Management Services Veterans Service Organizations Office of Accountability & Whistleblower ...

  19. 77 FR 34971 - Request for Applicants for Appointment to the Advisory Committee on Commercial Operations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... automation, informed compliance and compliance assessment, account-based processing, commercial enforcement... professional biography or resume; Home address and telephone number; Work address, telephone number, and email...

  20. 75 FR 12561 - Request for Applicants for Appointment to the Advisory Committee on Commercial Operations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-16

    ... border and cargo supply chain security, CBP modernization and automation, informed compliance and...: Statement of interest and reasons for application; Complete professional biography or resume; Home address...

  1. The Enigma of Newton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, E.

    1973-01-01

    Presents a brief biography of Sir Isaac Newton, lists contemporary scientists and scientific developments and discusses Newton's optical research and conceptual position concerning the nature of light. (JR)

  2. Biography versus Fiction or the Value of Testimony in Jacobs’s and Stowe’s Narratives about Slavery (Autobiographie contre fiction ou la valeur du témoignage dans les récits d’esclavages de Jacobs et de Stowe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Garrait-Bourrier

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude comparée a pour projet de souligner les différences culturelles qui existent entre deux genres littéraires de la période antebellum : les récits d’esclaves et la fiction abolitionniste. Via l’approche d’extraits de textes tirés de l’autobiographie d’Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, écrite sous le pseudonyme de Linda Brent et du roman de Harriet Beecher-Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin, nous soulignerons le témoignage historique commun qui ressort de ces deux textes. Bien que d’essence et de sources différentes, ces deux récits – celui de l’ancienne esclave et celui de l’intellectuelle blanche – offrent une image authentique de l’histoire américaine d’avant guerre civile essentielle et dénoncent le même fléau: l’esclavage.

  3. El converso sevillano Nicolás Martínez de Medina (o de Sevilla, contador mayor de Castilla. Apuntes para una biografía = Nicolás Martínez Medina (or de Sevilla, Sevilian Converso and Chief Accountant of Castile. Notes for a Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Montes Romero-Camacho

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la conquista de Sevilla, en 1248, fueron muchos los judíos, primero, y los conversos, después, que llegaron a ocupar una posición preeminente, tanto en la ciudad, como en la corte, desempeñando, casi siempre, importantes oficios, al servicio de la hacienda real castellana, en una secuencia prácticamente ininterrumpida que va desde Alfonso X (1252-1284 hasta la nueva dinastía Trastámara. Uno de estos importantes conversos fue Nicolás Martínez de Medina (o de Sevilla, cuya actuación pública se desarrolló durante los reinados y a la sombra de los primeros Trastámara, desde Enrique II (1369-1379 hasta Juan II (1406-1454 y que, tras una brillante carrera en Sevilla y en la corte, llegaría a ser contador mayor de Castilla y, por tanto, uno de los personajes más influyentes de su época.After the conquest of Seville in 1248, many Jews and later «Conversos» played a prominent role both in the city and in the Court. They occupied significant positions at the service of the Spanish royal treasury almost uninterruptedly from the reign of Alfonso X (1252-1284 to that of the new Trastámara dynasty. One of these important «Conversos» was Nicolás Martínez de Medina (or de Sevilla, who held public positions under the reigns of the first Trastámara kings, from Enrique II (1369-1379 to Juan II (1406-1454. After a brilliant career in Seville and in the Court, he would become chief accountant of Castile and, consequently, one of the most influential individuals of his time.

  4. 归化原文译出神韵--评传记读本《威廉·莎士比亚》的汉译技巧%Translate the Romantic Charm from the Source Language and Naturalize the Original to the Target Language-- On the Techniques of Translation in Biography "William Shakespear" from English into Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐振忠

    2002-01-01

    传记读本英文原文朴质简约,但由于英汉两种语言有不同的文化背景与不同的表达习惯,汉语读者容易误解或不理解其深层意义;该书汉译者重视对原文进行归化,巧妙运用汉语的四字词组、增词、减词、词义引申,以及句法结构的调整等翻译技巧,译出了"神韵",使汉语读者能充分认识莎翁一生在事业上的辉煌成就与丰富的人生阅历.

  5. К биографии Асандра: путь к престолу / To the biography of Asander: way to the throne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Чореф М.М. / Choref M.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Трудно найти более яркую личность на боспорском троне, чем Асандр. Родившись простым гражданином, он не только смог оттеснить на время от престола законный дом Митридатидов, но и навязал свою волю всевластному Риму. Обстоятельства, приведшие его на историческую арену, не остались незамеченными. Об Асандре писали Аппиан, Дион Кассий, Страбон и псевдо-Лукиан. Однако собранные ими сведения оказались крайне фрагментарны. Дело в том, что античные историки, излагая заинтересовавшие их эпизоды из жизни Асандра, не считали нужным приурочить их к бытовавшим тогда эрам. Несколько информативнее памятники эпиграфики. Однако и они не содержатся искомые сведения. Объектом нашего исследования стали монеты архонта Асандра. Были выработаны предположения по методике атрибуции дифферентов, выбитых на аверсе его статеров и по дешифровки аббревиатур, оттиснутых на их реверсе. В результате удалось проследить этапы его борьбы за боспорский трон. Выносим результаты нашего исследования на научное обсуждение. / It's hard to find a more vivid personality on Bosporan throne than Asander. Born a simple citizen, he was not only able to push for the duration of the throne rightful home Mithridatids, but also to impose their will-powerful Rome. The circumstances that led him to the historic arena, did not go unnoticed. On Asander wrote Appian, Dio Cassius, Strabo and pseudo-Lucian. However, they collected information proved to be extremely fragmentary. The fact that the ancient historians, presenting interesting episodes from the life of their Asander not consider it necessary to coincide with their eras existed then. Several informative sites epigraphy. However, they do not contain the desired information. The object of our study were coins of Archon Asander. Assumptions were developed by the method of attribution trim stamped on the obverse of his staters and decryption abbreviations stamped on their reverse. As a result, were able to trace the stages of his struggle for the throne Bosporus. Take out the results of our research on the scientific discussion.

  6. Myself and Women Heroes in My World. National Women's History Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Women's History Project, Windsor, CA.

    This guide presents biographies of the following women: Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Queen Liliuokalani, Amelia Earhart, Maria Tallchief, and Sonia Manzano. The use of biographies as history provides historical information and role models in a form comprehensible to young students. The personal history booklet that concludes this document…

  7. Isaac Newton

    CERN Document Server

    Westfall, Richard S

    2007-01-01

    Definitive, concise, and very interesting... From William Shakespeare to Winston Churchill, the Very Interesting People series provides authoritative bite-sized biographies of Britain's most fascinating historical figures - people whose influence and importance have stood the test of time. Each book in the series is based upon the biographical entry from the world-famous Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. -

  8. Destiny of a Nobleman: Aq-Muhammаd-Oglan and His Son Fedor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.V. Zaytsev

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article contains a biography of Aq-Muhammad-oglan – politician and military commander who was active in Kazan and Crimean Khanates in the 1540–1570’s while the members of his family were removed to Moscow in 1551. The biography is based on the documents of Moscow, Kazan and Crimean origin.

  9. First Person Past: American Autobiographies, Volume 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic......American literature, biography, Tunis Campbell, Black Elk, Andrew Carnegie, Booker T. Washington, Mary Antin, Mary Jones, Frederic Howe, Anna Howard Shaw, Woody Guthrie, Monica Sone, Anne Moody, Ron Kovic...

  10. Rethinking Women's History Month to Inspire Civic Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Sarah E.; Christie, Erica M.; Staudt, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    Biography is a popular approach to history education in the younger grades, especially when teaching units of study during Women's History Month, which is March. A biography-centered approach, however, can be problematic when such lessons are not tied to any context, promoting the misconception that individuals create social change in isolation.…

  11. Julie Nørregaard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østermark-Johansen, Lene

    2011-01-01

    The biography chronicles the life and activities of Julie Nørregaard Le Gallienne and her association with the Yellow Book......The biography chronicles the life and activities of Julie Nørregaard Le Gallienne and her association with the Yellow Book...

  12. Urban Terrain Building Types: Second Edition Public Releasable Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    Biographies xv 1. Need 1 2. Goals 2 3. Approach 2 4. Method 3 5. Introduction to Tables 2 Through 6 4 6. An Overview of the UTBT Catalog by...173 xv Authors’ Biographies Richard A. Ellefsen, Ph.D. is a professor...Iran Tehran, Elburz Mountains Israel Haifa, Jerusalem , Tel Aviv Japan Tokyo Macao Macao Malaysia Kuala Lulmpur Philippines Manila Singapore

  13. Can’t Get There From Here: Overcoming the Anti-Access Threat in 2035

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    iv Biography ...U.S. Alternate Basing Options in the Middle East/Europe ........................................... 20 v Biography Lieutenant... Jerusalem Issues Brief. June 20, 2006. http://www.jcpa.org/brief/brief005-26.htm Schantz, Marc V “AirSea Battle’s Turbulent Year.” Air Force

  14. Enhanced Resilience Through Expanded Community Preparedness in the United States: Application of Israeli Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    biographies , surveys, public and private lectures and speeches, printed and broadcast news reports, letters, electronic communication, and action...Collection Published academic writings, government reports, biographies , public and private lectures and speeches, printed and broadcast news reports...Pedahzur, and Yair Zalmanovitch, “The Defensive Dimension of the Battle Against Terrorism–an Analysis of Management of Terror Incidents in Jerusalem

  15. The Self-Taught Career Musician: Investigating Learning Sources and Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Leah

    2016-01-01

    This article reports early findings from a qualitative study of 10 full-time musicians who are self-taught, to investigate their learning biographies. The aim is to identify, define and explore learning sources and experiences across the musician's learning biography. Conducted in Melbourne, Australia, the musicians were recruited through snowball…

  16. Tom Beaver, Creek Television Reporter. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for elementary school students presents an account of an American Indian television reporter, Tom Beaver (Creek), and includes a map of Oklahoma showing the location of Indian tribes. A teacher's guide following the biography contains information about the Creek tribe and the history of television, learning objectives and directions…

  17. The Seven Sisters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Söderqvist, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Today, scientific biography is primarily thought of as a way of writing contextual history of science. But the genre has other functions as well. This article discusses seven kinds of ideal-typical subgenres of scientific biography. In addition to its mainstream function as an ancilla historiae...

  18. Air Force Senior Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Force TV Radio Week in Photos About Us Air Force Senior Leaders SECAF CSAF CMSAF Biographies Adjunct Professors Senior Mentor Biographies Fact Sheets Commander's Call Topics CCT Archive CSAF Reading List 2017 Media Sites Site Registration Contact Us Search AF.mil: Home > About Us > Air Force Senior Leaders

  19. Commentary: Building Web Research Strategies for Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maloy, Robert W.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents web research strategies for teachers and students to use in building Dramatic Event, Historical Biography, and Influential Literature wiki pages for history/social studies learning. Dramatic Events refer to milestone or turning point moments in history. Historical Biographies and Influential Literature pages feature…

  20. El recurso Biográfico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Loaiza Cano.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Biography is a genre of writing that has been accepted with reluctance by 20th century historiographers; it is a hybrid genre that oscillates between the social sciences and literature. In Colombia, there has been little reflection upon our biographical tradition, for which reason this essay presents some of the essential problems posed by biography: among them, the Jndividual's role in history. Finally, the author considers historical biography to be a possible solution to the individual's relation to the normative context that determines it and to the relationship between the stylistic demands of biographical narrative and the requirements of research in the social sciences.

  1. Andrzej Soltan 1897-1959. Bio-bibliographic monograph; Andrzej Soltan 1897-1959. Monografia bio-bibliograficzna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plucinska, H.

    1991-12-31

    Report contains the biography of professor Andrzej Soltan the first director of the Institute of Nuclear Research at Swierk, the description of his scientific and organizational activity as well as the bibliography of his papers. 73 refs.

  2. Resenha Temática: Uma vida, uma experiência, um depoimento do século XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellington dos Santos Figueiredo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The present text comments the of the self biography English historian Eric Hobsbawm. Using itself of its science, history, the author tells to the experiences lived during century XX.

  3. Lise Meitner

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a collection of articles concerning the biography of Lise Meitner with special regards to her cooperation with Otto Hahn in the discovery of nuclear fission, whereby the role of women in science, especially physics, are considered. (HSI)

  4. A Select Bibliography of Books on Labor Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington, DC.

    This annotated bibliography of 90 books on labor issues presents selections in the following areas: labor history, biographies, contemporary issues, labor economics and labor relations, labor law, labor unions, women and work, and reference books. (DB)

  5. Selected Reference Books of 1998-99.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIlvaine, Eileen

    1999-01-01

    Presents an annotated bibliography of selected reference books published between 1998 and 1999 under subject headings for biography, journalism, mythology, languages and literature, architecture and city planning, political science, economics, history, and new editions and supplements. (LRW)

  6. The New York Review of Books : (1998, 14. mai), nr. 8 : [ülevaade] / vahendanud Anne Lange

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Ka John Keatsi käsitlusest: Nicholase Roe' 'John Keats and the culture of dissent' ja Andrew Motioni 'Keats : a biography'; Nadine Gordimer romaanist 'The house of gun'; Franz Kafka 'Lossi' uustõlkest inglise keelde

  7. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    A book-length biography is close to completion (Haffer J, Ornithology,. Evolution and ... Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... At the end of the summer of 1954, when I was pondering schools for graduate study, I waited at the.

  8. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the FTC What We Do Enforcement Authority Our History FTC Moments FTC@100 Fireside Chat Our Seal ... español About the FTC What We Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets Performance Office of ...

  9. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Inside VA Secretary of VA Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, Budget, & Performance VA ... Annual Reports Research Initiatives Education Initiatives Advisory Boards History and Achievements Divisions and Staff Leadership Divisions Executive ...

  10. New appointment at the IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    The document gives short information on the biography of Professor Dr. Werner Burkart from Germany who was appointed (as of July 2000) as Deputy Director General, Head of the Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, IAEA

  11. Repression against women - university professors (based on the archival investigation of the proceeding against Josephine Dindo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Dovzhyk

    2017-06-01

    In this research of the example of woman’s, teacher’s and a sculptress’s biography the attention has been paid to policies of the Stalinist totalitarian system regarding scientific, educational and artistic intellectuals

  12. In memory of Lubomir Majling - physicist with lyrical soul

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bydžovský, Petr; Mareš, Jiří

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 954, OCT (2016), s. 3-6 ISSN 0375-9474 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : biography * history of physics * hypernuclei Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics Impact factor: 1.916, year: 2016

  13. HTS 63_4_ VANAARDE.AG.ART.2_CHARMAIN.ADRI_.FINAAL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    and Kant. 3 play important roles in this development, but so too Dilthey. 4 ..... historische Jesus, p 14, had already pointed out that a biography of Jesus would be ...... In the postmodern discourse of thinkers such as Emmanuel Levinas,.

  14. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--January, February, March 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

    1979-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, government and media, history and biography, international, management, public relations, and visual communication. (GT)

  15. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--October, November, December 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

    1980-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, history and biography, international, public relations, visual communication, and women and media. (GT)

  16. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--July, August, September 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delahaye, Alfred N.; McKerns, Joseph P.

    1979-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 200 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, broadcasting, courts and law, journalism education, history and biography, international, public relations, visual communication, and women and media. (GT)

  17. International Journal of Arts and Humanities (IJAH) Bahir Dar- Ethiopia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    From the biographies of these two artists the thrust of their peculiar styles may be read. ... of Management and Technology (IMT) Enugu. Until an ..... and sinuous whiplash curves of Japanese print designs that inspired Art Nouveau are.

  18. Social Science and Literary Criticism: What is at stake?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    intent, his biography or the historical and cultural climate o f his times. ... Some assume the complete autonomy of the text (new criticism), but not all. ..... Such an approach lends itself to the excessive individualism of Western societies,.

  19. Hajja taht lenti : programs 1-17

    OpenAIRE

    Grech, Sergio

    2016-01-01

    A series of programs that discusses some biographies that we find in Maltese literature. Together with various authors and researchers, presenter Sergio Grech discusses various texts in this genre and its contribution to our country's history.

  20. Early Spring Booklist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heins, Ethel L.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Reviews and recommends recent new publications and rereleases of both fiction and nonfiction works for young children, older adolescents, and adults. Genres include science fiction, mysteries, and biographies. (CRH)

  1. U.S. Pacific Command > Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    USPACOM U.S. Pacific Command Search USPACOM: Search Search Search USPACOM: Search Home Leadership Directory Media Inquiries Home : Leadership Admiral Harry B. Harris, Jr., U.S. Navy Read the full biography

  2. Leedu poliitika ja kultuuri teine hääl : kolme kõlbelise eluloo visand / Leonidas Donskis ; [inglise keelest] tõlkinud Kaisa Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Donskis, Leonidas, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Leedu kolme õpetlase, kultuuriloolase Vytautas Kavolise, poliitikateadlase Aleksandras Stromase, kirjandusprofessori ja luuletaja Tomas Venclova, elu ja tegevus. Tõlgitud käsikirjast "The second voice of Lithuanian politics and culture: sketches of three moral biographies"

  3. The older I got, it wasn ’ t a problem for me anymore ” : Language brokering as a managed activity and a narrated experience among young Vietnamese immigrants in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Homoláč, Jiří; Sherman, Tamah

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 36, č. 1 (2017), s. 1-29 ISSN 0167-8507 Keywords : anguage brokering * language biography interview * language management * management summaries * Vietnamese in the Czech Republic Impact factor: 0.685, year: 2016

  4. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, Budget, & Performance VA Center for Innovation (VACI) Agency ... Applications VA Forms State and Local Resources Strat Plan FY 2014-2020 VA Plans, Budget, & Performance VA ...

  5. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... VA Inside VA Secretary of VA Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, Budget, & Performance ... National Resource Directory Grants Management Services Veterans Service Organizations Office of Accountability & Whistleblower Protection Transparency Media Room ...

  6. The Principia and its author - a physicist's viewpoint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, W. A. B.

    1987-11-01

    The author discusses the place of Sir Isaac Newton's 'Principia' in the history of physics. He provides a short biography of Newton and his work and discusses the importance of Newton's work in modern physics teaching.

  7. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... For Consumers For Military Consumers Business Center Advertising & Marketing Credit & Finance Guidance Privacy & Security Selected Industries Protecting ... español About the FTC What We Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets Performance Office of ...

  8. Lise Meitner; Lise Meitner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-11-15

    This paper is a collection of articles concerning the biography of Lise Meitner with special regards to her cooperation with Otto Hahn in the discovery of nuclear fission, whereby the role of women in science, especially physics, are considered. (HSI)

  9. Os 200 anos da pilha elétrica The 200 years of the electric pile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aécio Pereira Chagas

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available In celebration of the 200th anniversary of the electric pile, invented by Alessandro Volta, a synopsis of his letter to The Royal Society (London and of his biography is presented.

  10. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... General Former Commissioners Former Bureau and Office Directors Budgets Financial Documents Other Financial Information Performance Office of ... We Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets Performance Office of Inspector General FOIA Careers at ...

  11. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Media Resources Consumer Finance Mergers and Competition Mobile Technology The Do Not Call Registry Tools for Consumers ... español About the FTC What We Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets Performance Office of ...

  12. [Susmann Galant (1896-1978). A Russian-Swiss supporter and opponent of Sigmund Freud].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The scientific activity of this Russian psychiatrist is depicted in a short biography. His ambivalent attitude to Freud's dream theory is emphasized. At the end of his medical career he became full professor of psychiatry at Khabarovsk.

  13. Effects of incidental pictorial and verbal adjuncts on text learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terry, W S; Howe, D C

    1988-01-01

    In this study, college students read and studied texts on historical figures in psychology, which were supplemented by drawings and/or brief biographies of these persons. In Experiment 1, a 2 x 2 between-groups design was conducted in which students received one adjunct with each text, both adjuncts, or neither. In Experiment 2, a single group of students received a within-subjects manipulation of the same adjunct conditions. In the between-groups comparison, students receiving biographies learned less of the target text passages, with the group receiving illustrations and biographies performing least accurately. In the within-subject conditions, texts accompanied by an illustration were better learned, with these students doing best on the text with both picture and biography. The results suggest that adjuncts may emphasize some texts, at the expense of learning from the other texts, but that too much adjunct material interferes with the learning of the target passages.

  14. Andrzej Soltan 1897-1959. Bio-bibliographic monograph

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plucinska, H.

    1991-01-01

    Report contains the biography of professor Andrzej Soltan the first director of the Institute of Nuclear Research at Swierk, the description of his scientific and organizational activity as well as the bibliography of his papers. 73 refs

  15. Philo and Plutarch as Biographers: Parallel Responses to Roman Stoicism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maren R. Niehoff

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Philo in his biographies of biblical figures anticipates the moral and anecdotal cast of Plutarch’s Lives, for both were influenced by the Stoicism that they encountered in Rome.

  16. No Time for Love: Plutarch’s Chaste Caesar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Beneker

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Plutarch’s biography of Julius Caesar, compared with other accounts, deliberately plays down sexuality as a motive in Caesar's life, in order to stress his single-minded political ambition.

  17. The Opening of Plutarch’s Life of Themistokles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy E. Duff

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Plutarch begins the biography by selecting incidents and an epigram that anticipate the basic themes of Themistocles' life--his greatness, sometimes ambiguous, and his benefactions to all of Greece.

  18. Pierce Patriarch "Prince of Quacks"

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Interior — This article provides brief biographies for Dr. Valentine Mott Pierce and his father, Dr. Ray Vaughn Pierce. Dr. R.V. Pierce has been described as the “uberquack,”...

  19. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, Budget, & Performance VA Center for Innovation (VACI) Agency Financial Report (AFR) Budget Submission Recovery Act Resources Business Congressional Affairs Jobs Benefits Booklet Data & Statistics VA ...

  20. Speaking out for America's poor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2008-01-01

    The review of Edward Allan Brawley's biography on the life, work and struggle of Robert Hunter (1874-1941), one of the forgotten American social workers (settlement movement), social theoretists (poverty and revolution) as well as welfare protagonists....

  1. Harry Minti- a project for a book

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, Alex

    2011-08-01

    A short biography and an account of scientific research of the Associated Professor of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (Israel), Dr. Harry Minti (b. 1938, Bucharest) is given. His activity as translator was also mentioned.

  2. Defense.gov - Special Report: Travels with Panetta - July-August 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visits Tunisia, Egypt, Israel, and Jordan Tunis, Tunisia Cairo, Egypt Jerusalem Amman, Jordan About the locations and meeting with defense counterparts in allied and partner nations. Biography . Main Menu Home

  3. Icon Painters of the Nizhniy Novgorod Volga Region of the XVII Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronicka N. Belyaeva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The author considers specificity and basic difficulties of biographies of the icon painters of the Nizhniy Novgorod Volga region of the XVII-th century restore. The data on the masters are cites.

  4. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... VA Inside VA Secretary of VA Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, Budget, & Performance ... National Resource Directory Grants Management Services Veterans Service Organizations Office of Accountability & Whistleblower Protection Whistleblower Rights & Protections ...

  5. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of VA Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, Budget, & Performance VA Center for Innovation ( ... America's Freedoms Special Events Adaptive Sports Program Creative Arts Festival Golden Age Games Summer Sports Clinic Training - ...

  6. A Moment in the Auto/biographical Enterprise | Jansen | Current ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Judith Lütge Coullie, Stephan Meyer, Thengani H Ngwenya and Thomas Olver (eds). (2006) Selves in Question: Interviews on Southern African Auto/biography. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.

  7. Transcending a Patriarchal Past: Teaching the History of Women in Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deegan, Mary Jo

    1988-01-01

    Contends that the ideas of early female sociologists are rarely documented in textbooks, classrooms, or historical accounts of the profession. Provides a guide to reference works, autobiographies, and biographies about 10 early female founders of American sociology. (Author/BSR)

  8. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Petitions, and Requests Merits Briefs Economic Liberty Military Task Force Advisory Opinions Cooperation Agreements Federal Register Notices ... Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets Performance Office of Inspector General FOIA Careers at the ...

  9. Defense.gov Special Report: Search For Malaysian Airline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Search Navy Ships, Aircraft Enter Fifth Day of Airliner Search U.S. Ships, Planes Join Search for Missing About DOD Leaders Biographies Organization Mission History Frequently Asked Questions Available jobs

  10. [Ludwik Rydygier--homo creator. The 150th anniversary of the birth of Ludwik Rydygier].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednarz, Wiktor; Bednarz, Iwona

    2002-01-01

    The authors present biography of Ludwik Rydygier, the great Polish surgeon, with special emphasis on his medical and scientific activity as well as his role in the foundation of Polish surgical school.

  11. Thomas Sinks, Director, Office of the Science Advisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biography of the Director of the Office of the Science Advisor which is responsible for is responsible for EPA’s human subject research ethics, scientific integrity, and developing cross-agency science policy guidance.

  12. Urban Waters National Training Workshop 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page will house information on the 2016 Urban Waters National Training Workshop in Arlington VA from July 26 until 28. The page has directions, conference goals, speaker biographies, dates, the agenda, and the link to register.

  13. Dr Abraham Pais, 82, physicist and science historian dies

    CERN Document Server

    Glanz, J

    2000-01-01

    Obituary of Dr. Pais who died of heart failure in Copenhagen. He helped build the conceptual foundations of particle physics and then became a science historian, writing a critically acclaimed biography of Einstein (1 pg).

  14. 75 FR 80851 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... Affairs (EAP/P), including press guidance files, speaker biographies, public remarks by EAP officials, and Voice of America editorials submitted to EAP/P for comment. 14. Department of Transportation, Federal...

  15. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Pachora "Astereotypical", Lisa Stansfield "Biography", The Last Hombres "Redemption", "The Four Feathers", "Liisi Koikson", Paul Simon "On My Way, Don't Know, Where I-m Goin'", Lisa Nilsson "Samlade Sanger 1992-2003", Emma Shapplin "Etterna"

  16. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Office Directors Budgets Financial Documents Other Financial Information Performance Office of Inspector General FTC Imposter Scams What ... Do Our History Commissioners Bureaus & Offices Biographies Budgets Performance Office of Inspector General FOIA Careers at the ...

  17. Biographies of some scientists of ‘Albay’ school in Oran through some of manuscript traces تراجم لبعض علماء مدرسة الباي في وهران من خلال بعض الآثار المخطوطة

    OpenAIRE

    Abdelhak Charaf

    2014-01-01

    تعتبر مدرسة الباي بوهران مَعلمة تراثية مهمة في تاريخ وهران خصوصًا، وتاريخ الجزائر عمومًا، حيث ظلت هذه المدرسة مدة غير يسيرة من الزمن، منارة علمية يفد إليها أرباب العلم والتعلم في الغرب الجزائري خلال العهد العثماني. وقد تربع على عرش التدريس بها ثلة من خيرة علماء الجزائر العثمانية، قدّموا ما جادت به قرائحهم من علوم، ولقّنوها إلى أبناء المنطقة. وعلى الرغم من ذيوع صيت هذه المدرسة وعلمائها، فإن أغلب معالمها طمست بُعَيْدَ الاحتلال الفرنسي، وأُهمل ذكر علمائها الذين أصبح أغلبهم في طيّ النسيان. وقد حف...

  18. Wiedereingliederung von Langzeitarbeitslosen : Chancen und Risiken im Erwerbsverlauf (Reintegration of long-term unemployed people : opportunities and risks in the career)

    OpenAIRE

    Gilberg, Reiner; Hess, Doris; Schröder, Helmut

    1999-01-01

    "This paper sets forth selected results of the longitudinally-related evaluation of the employment biographies of long-term unemployed people. The focus of attention is the event-analytical consideration of the probability of returning from unemployment back into employment, the significance of human capital investments and the significance of unemployment for the income obtained. The analyses of the employment biographies of long-term employed people show that the chance of reintegration int...

  19. Landscape Studio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peter Lundsgaard

    2017-01-01

    Landscape studio documents is the biography of the method 'design conversation' and contributes to the way we work with landscapes. The blog communicates renewed landscape didactics and leads to the innovation of design practices.......Landscape studio documents is the biography of the method 'design conversation' and contributes to the way we work with landscapes. The blog communicates renewed landscape didactics and leads to the innovation of design practices....

  20. Adding Nonlinear Tools to the Strategist’s Toolbox

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    between interests. Idealists base their arguments on the pioneers like Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) and Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). The Idealist school based...12Blupete, [website]: available from http://www.blupete.com/Literature/ Biographies / Philosophy/Popper.htm; Internet. 13Glesne and Peshkin, 24. 39...www.blupete.com/Literature/ Biographies / Philosophy/Popper.htm. Internet. Dean Robbins, Brent. Mythos and Logos. Available from http://www.geocities.com/ Athens

  1. Mary Shelley as editor of Percy Shelley

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, Richard

    2001-01-01

    This chapter explores Mary Shelley's work as the founding editor of Percy Shelley's poetry. It sets out the circumstances of Mary Shelley's life after the death of Percy Shelley, her financial dependence on Percy Shelley's father, and the restrictions placed on publication by Shelley's father. It then sets out the strategies Mary Shelley used to construct a biography of Percy Shelley from the poem, thus establishing a Romantic biography of Percy Shelley which has endured into the 20th century,

  2. Letters from Abbottabad: Bin Ladin Sidelined?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    and was killed in a drone strike in Pakistan on 22 August 2011. For details, see the biography Ayman al-Zawahiri provided in his eulogy for `Atiyya...against the “Rafida” and ensuring that al-Barrak was among the signatories to the statement.98 A biography of al-Barrak available on the internet...conquest,” presumably by the jihadis, just as their ancestors did when the second Caliph `Umar conquered Jerusalem .109 In the collective memory of

  3. The IDF: Tactical Success - Strategic Failure, SOD, the Second Intifada and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    the time periods in between. Additionally, Robert St. John’s biography Ben Gurion presented an interesting and useful account of one of Israel’s...Schiff, A History of the Israeli Army, 2. 9 Ibid., 4. 10 Robert St. John, Ben Gurion: The Biography of an Extraordinary Man (New York: Doubleday...Jewish settlements and Jews in Palestine’s population centers. The 1929 Arab Revolt centered on Jerusalem and consisted of Arab attacks against

  4. Why Was General Richard O’Connor’s Command in Northwest Europe Less Effective Than Expected?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Commander of 7 Division and Military Governor of Jerusalem , September 1938- August 1939. ______. Papers of General Sir Richard O’Connor KT, GCB, DSO, MC...Montgomery, Brian. A Field Marshall in the Family: A Personal Biography of Montgomery of Alamein. New York: Taplinger, 1973. Montgomery, Field...Commanders: A Composite Biography . Combat Studies Institute publications, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1989

  5. Triggers of Violence in New Religious Movements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    71Brandon M. Stickney, All-American Monster: The Unauthorized Biography of Timothy McVeigh (New York: Prometheus Books, 1996), Kindle edition, 1503...and the one who was to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem just as Solomon had after his father’s death.85 Infighting between the two continued in... Biography of Timothy McVeigh. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1996. Kindle Edition. Toft, Monica, Daniel Philpott, and Timothy Shah. God’s Century. New

  6. Illusion Of Defeat: Egyptian Strategic Thinking And The 1973 Yom Kippur War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-04

    military cemetery in Jerusalem in 2015, Israeli President Reuven Rivlin stated that the war continues to be an “open wound” for the nation.3 Indeed...Khartoum Conference reinforced Israel’s belief that their eradication remained the primary goal of the Arab community. In her biography , former Israeli...Political Biography of Anwar Sadat (Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble Books, 1985), 18. 95 Lesch, 239. 96 Anwar Sadat, In Search of Identity (New York

  7. The Invented Self

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David

    A post-structuralist study of the documents conventionally used to write a biography, focusing on the discontinuities and contradictions that life stories usually seek to overcome in the vain attempt to create the illusion of a life recaptured whole.......A post-structuralist study of the documents conventionally used to write a biography, focusing on the discontinuities and contradictions that life stories usually seek to overcome in the vain attempt to create the illusion of a life recaptured whole....

  8. Let’s sing our heroes: A comparison of biographical series for children in Kenya and South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.K. Muriungi

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article two series of biographies written for children, and dealing with prominent personalities in Kenya and South Africa, are compared. In the line of argumentation developed the aim is to examine the main features in these biographies, and to indicate the importance of biographies in the general field of children’s literature. By examining a sample text from each series the specific ways in which the authors mould these personalities into heroes of their countries are scrutinised. Furthermore the way in which gender is represented in the two series is also examined and it is argued that both men and women form part of any country’s gallery of heroes. Underlying the main argument of the article is the contention that biographies are important in perpetuating the stories of the two countries’ heroes: also in teaching the history of each country to the young. A general motif of hard work resonates in these works, and therefore it is asserted that individuals’ biographies can be used as anecdotes to communicate with and to inspire and encourage young readers. The authors of the biographies actually intervene by presenting children with role models. Furthermore these role models are not abstract fictional characters but real human beings who made great sacrifices for their countries – people with whom children are thus able to identify.

  9. Identity as a narrative of autobiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luba Jakubowska

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a proposal of identity research through its process and narrative character. As a starting point I present a definition of identity understood as the whole life process of finding identification. Next I present my own model of auto/biography-narrative research inspired by hermeneutic and phenomenological traditions of thinking about experiencing reality. I treat auto/biography-narrative research as a means of exploratory conduct, based on the narrator’s biography data, also considering the researcher’s autobiographical thought. In the final part of the article I focus on showing the narrative structure of identity and autobiography. I emphasise this relation in definitions qualifying autobiography as written life narration and identity as a narration of autobiography.

  10. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Aron

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En guise de préambule, nous voudrions cerner rapidement l’objet dont il sera question et proposer quelques pistes de réflexion.Brève histoire problématique de la biographieLa biographie est un genre ancien, même si le mot n’apparaît en France qu’à la fin du xviie siècle. Ce genre est consacré à retracer des vies authentiques, dans des récits dont le sujet et l’auteur ne se confondent pas. On peut appeler « biographique » l’ensemble des genres donnant des « récits de vie » (biographie mais aus...

  11. Kuerschner's energy manual. Political contacts at national, state and European level; Kuerschners Handbuch Energie. Politikkontakte Bund, Land, Europa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holzapfel, Andreas (ed.)

    2011-07-01

    The manual is in three sections: 1. Parliaments and governments, survey and organization; 2. Biographic section, with 453 biography; 3. Index of names. The first section informs on the organizational structure of parliaments and governments. The subject of energy is discussed three times, i.e. in 'Economics', 'Environment', and 'Research'. For each parliament, the members of the energy policy TCs are listed, followed by names and contact addresses of the senior officials and departments with contact data, both on a national, state, and European scale. The second section contains the biographies of energy policy experts of the German parliament and government, the sixteen land parliaments and governments, and the European Commissions. As the subject of energy is highly interdisciplinary, the authors selected the energy policy committees of the German parliament and state parliaments. The biographies of the committee members are presented in the text.

  12. Wrongly Mixed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przemysław Czapliński

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main statement of the article is that Polish-Jewish and Jewish-Polish biographies have an ambiguous ontological status. The status, which the article describes as spectral, is traced in Polish literature over the last twenty four years (from mid-80s till now. Three conventions have been identified, which, because of their openness to ontologically incomplete beings, are good expressions of complications of biography and identity. The conventions are romance, genealogy, and horror. The writers who use these conventions aim at representing a concrete Polish-Jewish or Jewish-Polish biography, but the phantasmatic quality of combination of what is Polish with what is Jewish leads to unreality of all elements of a novel. Consequently, not only Jewish characters and Jewish identity, but also Poles and Polish identity become phantasmatic.

  13. Energy. Political contacts at national, state and European level; Energie. Politikkontakte Bund, Land, Europa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holzapfel, Andreas (ed.)

    2013-04-01

    The manual is in three sections: 1. Parliaments and governments, survey and organization; 2. Biographic section, with 304 biography; 3. Index of names. The first section informs on the organizational structure of parliaments and governments. The subject of energy is discussed three times, i.e. in 'Economics', 'Environment', and 'Research'. For each parliament, the members of the energy policy TCs are listed, followed by names and contact addresses of the senior officials and departments with contact data, both on a national, state, and European scale. The second section contains the biographies of energy policy experts of the German parliament and government, the sixteen land parliaments and governments, and the European Commissions. As the subject of energy is highly interdisciplinary, the authors selected the energy policy committees of the German parliament and state parliaments. The biographies of the committee members are presented in the text.

  14. Introducing an Unknown Tazkereh Ma’aref al-‘Arefin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    m Irajpour

    2014-05-01

    This work, written by Muhammad Kazim Tabrizi pen named “Asrar”, is about the biography of almost fifty famous mystics contemporary with the author which besides their biography includes some examples of their sayings and sometimes some parts of their poems and works. The organization of this work is based on the biography of Poles born after Shah Ne’mat Allah Vali and because of this the author has divided the book into seven chapters and named each chapter “Ta’refeh”. Acquaintance with influential figures in Qajar mysticism and Sufism some of whom have been mentioned for the first time in this work, an unknown ratification took place in Ne’mat Allahi dynasty and mentioned only in this work and autobiography of Asrar Tabrizi are the most important issues which are discussed in this research in detail.

  15. PENGARUH PENDEKATAN KONSTRUKTIVISME TERHADAP AKTIVITAS DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TEKS BIOGRAFI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gede artawan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this peneitian is to know the influence of constructivism approach to learning in the learning activity biographical text on eighth grade students at SMP Harapan Nusantara. To determine the effect of using constructivism approach to the learning outcomes in learning biography text in class VIII in SMP Harapan Nusantara. To determine the effect of using constructivism approach to the activities and achievement in learning biography text in class VIII in SMP Harapan Nusantara. Collecting data in this study conducted by the method of observation and testing methods / giving tasks to create a text biography. Observation methods used to assess student learning activities and testing methods used to assess student learning outcomes. In the test methods exist in the form of the initial test or pre-test, in the form of tests made text biography and post-test method is given at the end of the study. Final test or post-test given immediately after the students are given learning biography text using constructivism approach the experimental class and the control class conventional model. Based on test results obtained multivariate statistical values Pillai, Strace Wilk's Lambada Hotelling's Trace, and Roy'sLargest Root each with Fhitung = 50, 720 with significance = 0.05 dba = 2 and obtained Ftabel dbd = 80 = 3, 232 at the 5% significance level. From the data obtained by analysis of F larger than F table, the null hypothesis (H0 is rejected and the alternative hypothesis (Ha is accepted. From the analysis of the data to test the hypothesis using multi-variate statistical variance of the activity and student learning outcomes can be concluded using kosntruktivisme approach has a significant effect on activity and learning outcomes in learning biography text in class VIII in SMP Harapan Nusantara.

  16. Una tanatografía del bandido: Sarmiento y el "Chacho" Peñaloza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Fontana

    2014-06-01

    This paper focuses on one of the biographies of barbarism written by Sarmiento, which received less attention: El Chacho. Último caudillo de la montonera de los Llanos, first published in the United States in 1868. Using the concept of tanatography, the importance of the execution of General Ángel Vicente “El Chacho” Peñaloza in the story of his biography is analized. Also, it is taken into account how, through the biographical text, Sarmiento tried to capitalize an episode of his political background that, at first, was detrimental to his public image.

  17. "Look'n M' Face and Hear M' Story": An Oral History with Professor J. Herman Blake

    OpenAIRE

    Vanderscoff, Cameron; Blake, J. Herman

    2014-01-01

    Dr. J. Herman Blake arrived at UC Santa Cruz in 1966 as an acting assistant professor of sociology at Cowell College. He remained at UCSC for eighteen years, gaining renown both as a teacher and for his leading role in the formation of UCSC’s seventh college, Oakes. This oral history explores both the public biography of Blake’s career and the intimate biography of Blake’s own youth and education, addressing how he sought to make more room at the “table” of education for others and how he wor...

  18. André Leroi-Gourhan (25 août 1911–19 février 1986)

    OpenAIRE

    Soulier, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    André Leroi-Gourhan (25th August 1911 – 19th February 1986) A short biography of André Leroi-Gourhan is here presented, beginning in 1927, at the moment of his student years, until his retirement in 1982. It rests on a systematic analysis of his publications and on his personal and professional archives, collected and studied for the first time in 2001 when the author was temporally engaged by the CNRS. Going beyond the pure biography of events, such as those already presented in numerous po...

  19. Rezension zu: Anja Gregor: Constructing Intersex. Intergeschlechtlichkeit als soziale Kategorie. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2015.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anike Krämer

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Anja Gregor zeigt in ihrer Dissertation anhand von fünf narrativen Interviews mit intergeschlechtlichen Menschen, wie eine medizinische Zurichtung auf die Biographie, den Körper, aber auch auf die geschlechtliche Identität Einfluss nimmt. Damit verknüpft sie drei Kernbereiche der Soziologie: Biographie, Körper und Geschlecht. Im Zentrum stehen die (Re-Konstruktion der biographischen Erzählung und die Auseinandersetzung mit der Medizin als machtvoller Instanz im Diskurs. Anschließend an diese Analyse entwickelt Gregor ein vierstufiges Modell von Emanzipationsprozessen, welche das Coming In, Coming Out, Coming Off und Coming Clean umfassen.

  20. Strategic self-management: the new youth challenge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørch, Sven; Pultz, Sabina; Strøbæk, Pernille Solveig

    2017-01-01

    perspective. Based on our data analysis, this study contributes theoretically by furtherdeveloping the concept of ‘strategic self-management’ in an educational context. We conclude that this concept is suitable for encapsulating how young people make sense of, and deal with, their educational biographies...... in the Danish Gymnasium we investigate how young people make sense of, and deal with, these challenges by focusing on how they handle and reflect on their educational biographies. We employ The General Activity Theory to sensitize our contextual understanding of individualization in relation to the youth...

  1. Prince Phetsarath (1890-1959)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivarsson, Søren; Goscha, Christopher E

    2007-01-01

    A biography of Prince Phetsarath highlights how a specific idea about Laos and its culture was formed under French colonial rule and nurtured under the Japanese occupation and its aftermath. During these periods, Phetsarath's understanding of Lao cultural nationalism was transformed into a politi......A biography of Prince Phetsarath highlights how a specific idea about Laos and its culture was formed under French colonial rule and nurtured under the Japanese occupation and its aftermath. During these periods, Phetsarath's understanding of Lao cultural nationalism was transformed...

  2. James Baldwin: Biographical Dispatches on a Freedom Writer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Luke Sinitiere

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay presents the idea of James Baldwin as a freedom writer, the organizing idea of my biography in progress. As a freedom writer, Baldwin was a revolutionary intellectual, an essayist and novelist committed unfailingly to the realization of racial justice, interracial political equality, and economic democracy. While the book is still in process, this short essay narrates autobiographically how I came to meet and know Baldwin’s work, explains in critical fashion my work in relation to existing biographies, and reflects interpretively my thoughts-in- progress on this fascinating and captivating figure of immense historical and social consequence.

  3. National Calendar-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghedrovici, Vera; Svet, Maria; Matvei, Valeria; Madan, Ion; Perju, Elena; Sargun, Maria; Netida, Maria

    The calendar represents a few hundreds of biographies of scientists, artists and writers from everywhere, printed in chronological order and adjusted to their birthdays. A number of international and national holydays, including some refering to science are included in the Calendar. A great defect of the calendar is the introduction of the "International day of astrology" in the list of holydays. Another defect is the absence of the indication on the membership to the Communist Party for persons cited from the former Soviet Union. The following Physicists, mathematicians, chemists and astronomers had biographies in this issue: Ilie I. Lupu (math),Lev D. Landau,

  4. Jakob Nielsen and his Contributions to Topology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Vagn Lundsgaard

    1996-01-01

    The Danish mathematician Jakob Nielsen won international recognitionas one of the developers of combinatiorial group theory and the topologyof surfaces. This article describes the life and work of Jakob Nielsenwith emphasis on his contributions to topology.The biography is to be included in the b......The Danish mathematician Jakob Nielsen won international recognitionas one of the developers of combinatiorial group theory and the topologyof surfaces. This article describes the life and work of Jakob Nielsenwith emphasis on his contributions to topology.The biography is to be included...

  5. Making Sense of Iran: Rhetoric, Ideology, and Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Muslim nations to liberate Palestine and al-Quds ( Jerusalem ).‖ He went on to affirm the doctrine of ―neither West nor East‖ as he denied rumors that...Revolution: Iran and the World in the Age of the Ayatollahs, 236. 12 " Biography of H.E. Dr. Ahmadi Nejad, Honourable President of Islamic Republic of...34 Biography of H.E. Dr. Ahmadi Nejad, Honourable President of Islamic Republic of Iran." 26 Naji, Ahmadinejad: The Secret History of Iran’s Radical

  6. The Arab Spring in Egypt: What are the Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    that hangs in Morsi’s childhood bedroom. The poster is of the Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem . Emblazed on it is the slogan, “We will return, oh Aqsa.”9...Arabs and the Jews and we will regain Jerusalem .” People can certainly change, but these glimpses into President Morsi’s past create apprehension...consensus, and judicial opinion. 7 "Mohamed Morsi." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Dec 17 2012, 07:50 http://www.biography.com/people/mohamed-morsi

  7. CTC Sentinel. Volume 6, Issue 7, July 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Times, January 16, 2012. 38 “‘I Want to Harm Israel,’ Saudi Hacker Tells ‘Post,’” Jerusalem Post, January 16, 2012. 39 In addition to his actual...role as Imam Husayn’s standard bearer at Karbala. See Figure 19 in “Visual References.” 51 Sayyid Najmulhasan Karrarvi, Biography of Hazrat Abbas...since these declarations are not necessarily truthful or accurate.59 Martyr biographies are also usually highly and posthumously hagiographical in

  8. Ez 20 and Moral Implications

    OpenAIRE

    VIŠATICKI, Karlo

    2012-01-01

    The introduction to this article gives a brief biography of the prophet Ezekiel. The information is quite discreet so that we cannot really refer to it as a biography but rather a brief outline with minimal information. The prophet Ezekiel is called by the Lord during the time of Babylonian captivity. Referring to the actual writings, the article offers some suggestions how to divide the texts in the books of Ezekiel. However, it needs to be pointed out that no consensus exists amongst author...

  9. Reading, Writing, and "Rhythmetics" for the Verbally Gifted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilon, A. Barbara

    The monograph presents a variety of language arts teaching ideas for use with gifted students. Teachers are encouraged to expose children to much literature including poetry, folk tales, riddles, fairy tales, "pourquoi" tales, myths and legends, fantasy, science fiction, and biographies and autobiographies. The document offers the SIMMER theory of…

  10. Remembering Pauli

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The annual meeting of the Pauli Committee on 30 August will be enlivened this year by a celebration to mark the publication of : No Time to be Brief - A scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli, by Charles P. Enz, Professor Emeritus of the University of Geneva.  

  11. Carl Gawboy, Ojibwe Regional Painter. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for the elementary grades of Carl Gawboy (Ojibwe), an American Indian painter, includes photographs of the artist and some of his work. A teacher's guide following the bibilography contains information on watercolor painting and the Ojibwe people, learning objectives and study questions, instructions for doing a watercolor painting and…

  12. The Way We Were: Conspiracies of Silence in the Wake of the Empire Windrush.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenley, Jan

    2001-01-01

    Illustrates how testimonies of students and their families, teachers, and others involved in post-war secondary education provide a rich, largely untapped resource in researching immigrant experiences of black Caribbean students in the United Kingdom. Explores how such biographies and school histories might help counter the enduring censorship of…

  13. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ)-Themed Literature for Teens: Are School Libraries Providing Adequate Collections?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes-Hassell, Sandra; Overberg, Elizabeth; Harris, Shannon

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if young adults have access through school libraries to LGBTQ-themed literature. The library collections in 125 high schools in one Southern U.S. state were examined for the inclusion of LGBTQ-themed fiction, nonfiction, and biographies, including a core collection of 21 recommended titles. Results showed…

  14. LIFE AS FICTION, OR SOME NOTES ON ANTERO DE QUENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Figueiredo

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Recovery of essayistic route of Antero de Quental . Analysis of the main ideas of Quental's thought and its relation with the biographical path of the poet. The (re creation of fictional "A genius who was a saint", according Eça de Queiroz . The biography as a form of fictional writing.

  15. Dangjia Village: Holding Its Ground

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUZHONGMIN

    2005-01-01

    THE Yellow River, the second longest in China, billows through the Shanxi-Shaanxi canyons. On its west bank in Shaanxi is an historical city - Hancheng, birthplace of Sima Qian, author of the Records of the Historian and inaugurator of Chinese biography. Within the city limits is a village with a 670-year history - Dangjia.

  16. Georges Darrieus, inventor of vertical axis wind-turbines; Georges Darrieus, pere des eoliennes a axe vertical

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogier, E.

    2000-10-01

    This article is a short biography of the French man Georges Darrieus (1888-1979) who invented the vertical wind turbine. G.Darrieus can be considered as the first industrial researcher in France, he was a double authority in sciences and in industry machinery. He presented more than 50 patterns and wrote about 700 scientific and technological articles.

  17. Slavery and the Underground Railroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Nancy Comfort

    2000-01-01

    Presents a bibliography of sources to help children understand slavery and the Underground Railroad and recommends a combination of fiction and nonfiction for a better understanding. Includes picture books, biographies of people who played prominent roles during the time of slavery, nonfiction books for older readers, and videotape. (LRW)

  18. Defense.gov Special Report: Feds Feed Families 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susan Fuller. Photo by Steve Lawson, Corporate Communications To date, DFAS Indianapolis Site Director Campaign Materials DOD FFF Flyer Logo Contacts Army: Steve Bickel Navy: Rama Latin Air Force: Carl Buchanan Biographies Organization Mission History Frequently Asked Questions Available jobs with DOD Top Issues

  19. Refining the Relationships among Historical Figures by Implementing Inference Rules in SWRL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fajrin Ariyani, Nurul; Saralita, Madis; Sarwosri; Sarno, Riyanarto

    2018-03-01

    The biography of historical figures is often fascinating to be known. Everything about their character, work, invention, and personal life sometimes are presented in their biography. The social and family relationships among historical figures also put into concern, especially for political figures, heroes, kings or persons who have ever been ruled a monarchy in their past. Some biographies can be found in Wikipedia as articles. Most of the social and family relationship contents of these figures are not completely depicted due to a various article’s contributors and sources. Fortunately, the missing relatives of a person might reside in the other figures’ biography in different pages. Each Wikipedia article has metadata which represents its essential information of content. By processing the metadata obtained from DBpedia and composing the inferencing rules (in the form of ontology) to identify the relationships content, it can generate several new inferred facts that complement the existing relationships. This work proposes a methodology for finding missing relationships among historical figures using inference rules in an ontology. As a result, our method can present new facts about the relationships that absent in the existing Wikipedia articles.

  20. Dien Hoetink. 'Bij benadering'. Biografie van een landbouw-juriste in crisis- en oorlogstijd

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamp, van J.E.

    2005-01-01

    A woman with a university degree who makes a career outside of the home was rather exceptional in the first half of the twentieth century. This biography about Dien Hoetink (1904-1945) describes her legal work in Dutch agriculture between 1933 and 1945.It attemps to answer the

  1. Identity Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-03

    in reaction to their environment. They reflect an individual’s internal or external, conscious or subconscious , overt or covert, voluntary or...identity activities under a range of legal authorities, policy constraints, transnational threats, regional concerns and biases , and most likely...Biography. A baseline and descriptive analytic product that supports the development of the behavioral influences analysis ( BIA ) individual behavioral

  2. National service with ten presidents of the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seaborg, G.T.

    1992-10-01

    This document is a biography of the renowned nuclear chemist, Glenn T. Seaborg. It covers his career over the presidential terms of Franklin Roosevelt through George Bush. It contains many personnel accounts of historic events. Photographs of Seaborg and the various Presidents are presented.

  3. Bead Collage: An Arts-Based Research Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, "bead collage," an arts-based research method that invites participants to reflect, communicate and construct their experience through the manipulation of beads and found objects is explained. Emphasizing the significance of one's personal biography and experiences as a researcher, I discuss how my background as an…

  4. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/012/05/0021-0030. Keywords. van 't Hoff – biography; chemistry in space; stereochemistry; chemical dynamics; Stassfurt salt deposits; osmotic pressure–theory; Le Bel. Author Affiliations. G Nagendrappa1. # 13, Basappa Layout, Gavipuram Extension, Bangalore 560 019, India.

  5. "Beatlemania" in the General Music Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardany, Audrey Berger

    2012-01-01

    In Geoff Edgers's biography of the Beatles, "Who Were the Beatles?", young readers learn of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, and George Harrison's youth and growth as musicians, the band's formation, and their contributions to music in popular culture. "General Music Today" columnist, Cardany provides music teachers with related music…

  6. A Bibliography on American Indians. Bibliographic Series No. 36.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Larry S.

    The information sources on Indians of North and South America which are listed were selected from the holdings of the Arkansas University library. Materials are grouped by type, including bibliographies, biographies, catalogs and directories, documentary histories, laws and treaties, encyclopedias and guides, handbooks and sourcebooks, microfilm,…

  7. Arkansas Reference Sources. Bibliographic Series No. 26.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Joan; Roberts, Joan

    Varied sources for information on Arkansas held by the Arkansas University library are listed. Bibliographies and indexes of Arkansas publications are included, as well as materials dealing with the state's folklore and literature, arts and humanities, government and law, business and economics, social conditions, labor, history and biography,…

  8. Baginsky on Aphasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eling, P.A.T.M.

    2005-01-01

    The first functional representation of language processes, depicted in the form of a diagram, was probably produced by Adolf Baginsky in 1871. The present paper contains a short biography of him and a translation of the relevant part of Baginsky's paper. It appears that Baginsky attempted to

  9. Angelo Sismonda (1807–1878), pioneer of geological mapping in the Alps of Savoy and the Piedmont: a bibliography

    CERN Document Server

    Hollier, John; Basaglia, Tullio; Hollier, Anita

    2016-01-01

    Angelo Sismonda (Ange Sismonda) was an Italian mineralogist and geologist based in Turin during the Risorgimento who produced pioneering maps of the Alps in the Kingdom of Sardinia. Well known during his lifetime, he is now mentioned only in passing by historians and no comprehensive bibliography of his work exists. To render his work more accessible, we present a short biography and a bibliography.

  10. Approche du Processus d'Auto-Formation Inspiree de la Methode des "Histoires de vie" dans le cadre de la Formation continuee des institutrices maternelles en Communaute francaise de Belgique (Approach to the Process of Self-Instruction Inspired by the "Life History" Method in the Framework of the Continuing Education of Preschool Teachers in the French-Speaking Community in Belgium).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Madeleine

    1994-01-01

    Describes a study of the use of a critical events questionnaire and "educational biography" as means of training preschool teachers to question their role as teachers; to question their relationship with children; and to liberate their consciousness. Discusses the quantitative and qualitative results of the self-evaluation processes. (AC)

  11. Intelligence, Creativity, Ethics: Reflections on My Evolving Research Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Howard

    2011-01-01

    As someone who has dabbled in biography and autobiography, the author knows how difficult it is to determine what really happened and why. Even people who agree on the sequence of events, and describe them similarly, may end up creating quite different narratives of a given life. Intellectual autobiography may be somewhat less problematic, because…

  12. Eating the Vernacular, Being Cosmopolitan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tammi Jonas

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Using a mixed methodology of ethnography in Australia, Vietnam and India, auto-ethnography and textual analysis of Australian migrants' biographies, this article uses the stories of 'insiders' and 'outsiders' to explore the importance of the vernacular, and the implications of authenticity in the maintenance of homely identities and the development of cosmopolitan ones.

  13. Martin Luther, the Educator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibler, Richard W.

    1985-01-01

    Presents a brief biography of Martin Luther, focusing on his work as a reformer of education. Discusses what is known of his childhood, his life in an Augustinian monastery, his posting of the 95 theses against the sale of indulgences and other abuses of the Catholic Church, and his call for universal compulsory schooling. (CT)

  14. Een onwrikbaar geloof in zijn gelijk : Sal Tas (1905-1976): journalist van de wereld

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, Tity

    Biography of the Dutch Sal Tas, activist, political writer and reporter/foreign correspondent in Paris of the newspaper Het Parool and the American non-communist left journal The New Leader during the 1950s. Tas was a controversial man with outspoken opinions. Radical left in his young years, later

  15. Women: A Select Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusnerz, Peggy A., Comp.; Pollack, Ann M., Comp.

    This select bibliography lists books, monographs, journals and newsletters which relate to feminism, women's studies, and other perspectives on women. Selections are organized by topic: general, bibliographies, art and literature, biography/autobiography, economics, education, family and marriage, history, politics and sex roles. Also included is…

  16. Travels with Lynn: June 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    hotel in Ottawa, June 14, 2010. DoD photo by Cherie Cullen Related Links Biography: William J. Lynn III growing, and affects national and economic security, Deputy Defense Secretary William J. Lynn III said Lynn Meets With Canadian Leaders Deputy Defense Secretary William J. Lynn III takes questions from

  17. Spatial knowledge dynamics of innovation processes: local and non-local aspects of buzz and collective learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanner, Anne Nygaard

    2014-01-01

    learning processes and require face-to-face contact. In sum, the innovation biography method contributes in uncovering innovation processes and how these rely on many different configurations of spatial knowledge dynamics, including buzz, local ties and global pipelines. The findings imply that policy...

  18. Liberální matka Božena Němcová?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bahenská, Marie

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 99, č. 3 (2012), s. 307-318 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : Němcová, Božena * biography Subject RIV: AB - History Impact factor: 0.094, year: 2012 http://www.jstor.org/stable/42640493

  19. Promoting Books and Media: A Native American Indian Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses children's literature on Native American Indians and suggests ideas for using the literature in the school library media center or classroom by the library media specialist or by the classroom teacher. Activities and appropriate materials are suggested for the topics of housing, poetry, food, biography, crafts and music, and traditional…

  20. Eisenstein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barna, Yon

    This biography of Sergei M. Eisenstein records the life of this pioneering Soviet filmmaker and concentrates upon the events in Eisenstein's life which motivated him to create films in the methods he chose. A chapter is devoted to each of Eisenstein's major films. His creative techniques are explored along with his relationship with other major…

  1. Lessons from Afar: A Review of www.daisakuikeda.org, Official Website of Daisaku Ikeda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arauz, Luis

    2012-01-01

    Daisaku Ikeda (1928- ) is a Buddhist leader, peace builder, school founder, and poet. His own biography and lifework provide a model for how one can transform adversity into alternative opportunities for some of the most disenfranchised students. Scrutinizing Ikeda's official website (www.daisakuikeda.org) reveals an extensive collection of his…

  2. Meynert on Wernicke's aphasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eling, P.A.T.M.

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines Meynert’s contribution to aphasia, in particular the suggestion that Meynert already had described the syndrome of sensory aphasia. I examine Meynert’s own writings on this subject, Wernicke’s statements on this issue and biographies of Meynert and Wernicke. I argue that Meynert

  3. The life and work of George Boole a prelude to the digital age

    CERN Document Server

    MacHale, Desmond

    2014-01-01

    This book, aimed at the general reader and now available again, is the first full-length biography of George Boole (1815–1864) who has been variously described as the founder of pure mathematics, one of the fathers of computer science and discoverer of symbolic logic.

  4. American Foreign Policy: Regional Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-15

    United States does not have a problem with Is- lam other than it does not understand how religion , nationalism, politics, and resistance fit into each...Cooperativa para el Poder Naval en el Siglo XXI, the first volume to be published by the Naval War College Press in a language other than English. 297 PARTICIPANT BIOGRAPHIES

  5. Legacies and Traditions of Counseling Psychology: When the Past Is Our Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Stephen W.; Vacha-Haase, Tammi

    2010-01-01

    The Legacies & Traditions Forum has a rich past of documenting individual contributions to the profession of counseling psychology. The history of this forum, as well as early contributors and journal articles, are identified. Themes that emerged from a review of past oral biographies include changes in the work setting for counseling…

  6. Explorations in the History of Machines and Mechanisms : Proceedings of HMM2012

    CERN Document Server

    Ceccarelli, Marco

    2012-01-01

    This book contains the proceedings of HMM2012, the 4th International Symposium on Historical Developments in the field of Mechanism and Machine Science (MMS). These proceedings cover recent research concerning all aspects of the development of MMS from antiquity until the present and its historiography: machines, mechanisms, kinematics, dynamics, concepts and theories, design methods, collections of methods, collections of models, institutions and biographies.

  7. Beyond Cyborg Subjectivities: Becoming-Posthumanist Educational Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gough, Annette; Gough, Noel

    2017-01-01

    This excerpt from our collective biography emerges from a dialogue that commenced when Noel interjected the concept of "becoming-cyborg" into our conversations about Annette's experiences of breast cancer, which initially prompted her to (re)interpret her experiences as a "chaos narrative" of cyborgian and environmental…

  8. Restoring the Shield: Westmoreland and the Recovery of Military Professionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    George F. Hofman and Donn A. Starry. Gole’s biography contains chapters on DePuy’s numerous interactions with Westmoreland, and Hofmann and Starry’s...Edward L. The Death of the Army: A Pre-Mortem. New York: Saturday Review Press, 1972. Hofmann , George F., and Donn A. Starry. Camp Colt to Desert

  9. Professor Jesse W. Beams and the first practical magnetic suspension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allaire, P. E.; Humphris, R. R.; Lewis, D. W.

    1992-01-01

    Dr. Jesse W. Beams developed the first practical magnetic suspension for high speed rotating devices. The devices included high speed rotating mirrors, ultracentrifuges, and high speed centrifugal field rotors. A brief biography of Dr. Beams is presented, and the following topics are discussed: (1) early axial magnetic suspension for ultracentrifuges; and (2) magnetic suspension for high centrifugal fields.

  10. Shhh! No Opinions in the Library: "IndyKids" and Kids' Right to an Independent Press

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vender, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    "Nintendo Power," "Sports Illustrated for Kids," and a biography of President Obama were on prominent display as the author entered the branch library in Forest Hills, Queens. The librarian looked skeptical when the author asked the librarian if she could leave copies of "IndyKids" newspapers on the free literature table. The branch manager…

  11. Classroom Success Stories: Exposing Students to Time Bonding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papaleo, Ralph J.

    1996-01-01

    Recommends using time bonding (finding a role model and researching the process and story behind that individual's accomplishments) as a means to interest students in history. Outlines the instructions covering the objectives of the writing assignments. Students researched a variety of biographies including Jackie Robinson and Lyndon Johnson. (MJP)

  12. Historical Facts and Fictions: Representing and Reading Diverse Perspectives on the Past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enciso, Patricia E.; Jenkins, Christine; Rogers, Theresa; Tyson, Cynthia; Marshall, Elizabeth; Robinson, Dwan; Wissman, Jackie; Price-Dennis, Detra; Core, Elizabeth; Morss, Betty; Cordova, Carmen; Youngsteadt-Parish, Denise

    2000-01-01

    Presents brief descriptions of 22 recently published books for children and adolescents that present untold stories that begin to fill in the gaps of mainstream versions of the past. Includes categories of historical fiction, historical nonfiction, biography/memoir, and poetry and verse. Discusses these books in tandem with numerous landmark…

  13. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography--January, February, March 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

    1980-01-01

    Lists and annotates more than 250 articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include advertising, audience and communicator analysis, broadcasting, community journalism, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, education for journalism, history and biography, international, management, public relations, visual…

  14. Articles on Mass Communication in U.S. and Foreign Journals: A Selected Annotated Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKerns, Joseph P.; Delahaye, Alfred N.

    1978-01-01

    Lists and annotates 212 journal articles on mass communication, grouped according to topic. Topics include audience and communicator analysis, broadcasting, communication theory, courts and law, criticism and defense of media, journalism education, government and media, history and biography, international topics, and public relations. (GW)

  15. Johannes Dreyer (1500–1544) – Die Hervormer van Herford

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    28 Feb 2017 ... project, 'History of the ... Church History and Church. Polity, Faculty of ... Hölscher, L., 1877, „Dreier, Johann“, in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (1877), te vind by .... eienaar (sien http://www.leeuwenkuilfv.co.za/about-us/).

  16. Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    Interstellar medium, Light, Magnetisphere, Matter, Planet Earth, Public Impact, Solar Activity, Solar Heliosphere, Solar Interior, Solar Systems, Space, Stellar Astrophysics, Stellar Populations, Telescopes, Time The Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics covers 30 major subject areas, such as Active galaxies, Astrometry, Astrophysical theory, Atmospheres, Binary stars, Biography, Clusters, Coordinates, Cosmology, Earth, Education, Galaxies,

  17. The "Lord of the Rings"--A "Mythos" Applicable in Unsustainable Times?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Alun

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the relevance of J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" to environmental education and contemporary concerns about social and environmental injustices. It presents an account of the relationship between Tolkien's environmental biography and those aspects of the story that highlight the connection between his personal…

  18. New Class Divisions in the New Market Economies: Evidence from the Careers of Young Adults in Post-Soviet Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Ken; Pollock, Gary

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents evidence from the biographies of samples totaling 1,215 young adults in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, who all reached age 16 between 1986 and 1992, and whose subsequent life histories coincided with their countries' transitions from communism. The evidence is used to examine whether new classes are being created in the new…

  19. From an eco-fairy tale to an environmentally friendly lifestyle. An eco-friendly reading project by Agnieszka Marzęcka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Kapusta

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerning on the eco-critical literary phenomenon on the perspective of new species polish eco-fairy tale. The fabulous tale about ecological style of life (The metaphorical ecology of human biography was ilustrated by the Agnieszka Marzęcka's modernity tune entitled The Victory of King of Cleanness.

  20. Resolving relative time expressions in Dutch text with Constraint Handling Rules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van de Camp, Matje; Christiansen, Henning

    2012-01-01

    It is demonstrated how Constraint Handling Rules can be applied for resolution of indirect and relative time expressions in text as part of a shallow analysis, following a specialized tagging phase. A method is currently under development, optimized for a particular corpus of historical biographies...

  1. In memoriam Prof. Dr. Leo Daniel Brongersma (1907-1994)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogmoed, M.S.

    1995-01-01

    A biography of Leo Daniel Brongersma is given, highlighting his significance for herpetology worldwide, and especially for snake anatomy, sea turtle distribution, faunistics of New Guinea and IndoAustralia. Lists of patronyms, of species named by Brongersma and of his publications are given. Also

  2. Na elegia de Camões : «O poeta Simónides, falando»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A. Osório

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the importance of «memory» in the text «O poeta Simónides, falando», relating it with the lyrical performances of Camões and with multiple aspects of his biography.

  3. Local and Global in the Formation of a Learning Theorist: Peter Jarvis and Adult Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holford, John

    2017-01-01

    Peter Jarvis is a towering figure in the study of adult and lifelong education and a leading and original theorist of learning. This paper sets out his intellectual and professional biography, maps the main contours of his work and introduces fourteen papers by leading scholars devoted to his work. Five broad phases in Jarvis' life are identified:…

  4. Review of A Life of H.L.A.Hart The Nightmare and the Noble Dream, by Nicola Lacey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jarvad, Ib Martin

    2006-01-01

    Review of Licola Lacey's biography of the legal philosopher H.L.A.Hart's life. The book io crammed with personal detail, but does not enlighten the reader as to why Hart in his legal philosophical orientation did not pay any particular attention to the common law, so characteristically English....

  5. Music, Play and Darwin's Children: Pedagogical Reflections of and on the Ontogeny/Phylogeny Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannan, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between ideas about the role and purpose of music introduced in the major publications of Charles Darwin, and the fields of child development, music education and pedagogy. It also considers the significant influence on Darwin's work of his own biography and family life. In the global village of…

  6. Kelly D. Brownell: Award for Distinguished Scientific Applications of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of Kelly D. Brownwell, winner of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Applications of Psychology (2012). He won the award for outstanding contributions to our understanding of the etiology and management of obesity and the crisis it poses for the modern world. A seminal thinker in…

  7. Linking Technology to Genre-Based Reading (Technology Links to Literacy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wepner, Shelley B.

    1991-01-01

    Introduces a new column written for the one-computer classroom and offers several perspectives for connecting software applications to trade book reading. Describes eight software packages for extending and enhancing students' reading of different genres: fairy tales, realistic fiction, science fiction, and biography and historical fiction in…

  8. Exploring Young Children's Response to Three Genres of Literature in Small-Peer Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Jennifer Adams

    2010-01-01

    This teacher research studied second graders' small-group, peer-led discussions about three genres of literature--realistic fiction, biography picture books, and science information books--across one school year (during three units in the fall, winter, and spring). It set out to explore how this peer talk, in general, mediated children's responses…

  9. Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions: Alice H. Eagly

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Alice H. Eagly, winner of the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions, is cited for her work in the field of social psychology, the psychology of gender, and the use of meta-analytic techniques. She envisions a psychology that extends from individual cognitions to societal structures. In addition to the citation, a biography and selected…

  10. 77 FR 32141 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; System of Records Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... in the user profile: name, title, department, home address, work address, home phone, work phone, mobile phone, hire date, biography, expertise, personal email, and official duty station. Users are not... OF SUCH USES: NARA maintains ICN files for the benefit and use of all ICN users to enhance...

  11. About Looking: Vision, Transformation, and the Education of the Eye in Discourses of School Renewal Past and Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    This article reports the interim findings of historical research, funded by the British Academy (2007), which is exploring the possibilities of prosopography (the study of biographies linked through a common purpose, philosophy or practice) in researching the relationship between educational thought and school design since World War Two. Through…

  12. J J Thomson and the discovery of the electron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Squires, Gordon

    1997-01-01

    This short biography describes the life of J.J. Thomson, head of the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge. His early life as well as his contributions to physics, including the discovery of the electron from his research on cathode rays in 1897 are included. The work of other contributors to the understanding of electron properties is also noted briefly. (UK)

  13. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | News

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 16; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail Issue back cover thumbnail. Volume 16, Issue 2. February 2011, pages 103-202. pp 103-103 Editorial. Editorial · S Mahadevan · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 104-104 Article-in-a-Box. A Short Biography of Israel ...

  14. The image of the blessed monarch, the Holy King of Georgia David the Builder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efimov Vladimir Fedorovich

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the biography of the saint Georgian monarch, David the Builder, analyzes his actions, church, external and internal policy. Finally it draws a conclusion that all his life was dedicated to the service of God and neighbor. Thus, his life was a model of Christian Ministry, he occupied a responsible position in society.

  15. Narrative work? What on earth?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Woudenberg; L. Bobbink; E. Geurts; M. Pelzer; H. Degen-Nijeboer

    2013-01-01

    This book is about narrative methods and narrative research. The word narrativity derives from the Latin word narrare, which means ‘to tell’. Narratives are present everywhere. They come in the form of fairy tales, drama, drawings, art, history, biography, myths and legends. Narratives can be found

  16. Eugeniusz Misiło, comp. and ed., with an intro. Akcja “Wisła” 1947: Dokumenty i materiały.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy Borzęcki

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Eugeniusz Misiło, comp. and ed., with an intro. Akcja “Wisła” 1947: Dokumenty i materiały. Warsaw: Archiwum Ukraińskie and Management Academy Group, 2012. 1246 pp. Illustrations. Maps. Documents section. Appendices section. Biographies sections. Miscellaneous lists. English-language summary. Indexes. Cloth.

  17. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    7. George Gamow and John M Cleveland, Physics: Foundations & Frontiers, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1960. ... B Rochot, 'Gassendi (Gassend), Pierre', Dictionary of Scientific Biography, C C Gillespie, ..... Kepler in the 17th century. ... a drum with full force no sound will be created there, for the moon is without atmosphere.

  18. We, Too, Sing America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Violet J.

    2009-01-01

    Who is an American, what is the American experience, and what historical events are important enough to include in books for youth? These complex ideas are examined in a bolder, intellectually fresh manner in information books, biographies, and histories that have been published over the past several decades. Some examples of recent works are…

  19. PTSD: National Center for PTSD

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Inside VA Secretary of VA Executive Biographies Organizations History Budget and Performance VA Plans, Budget, & Performance VA Center for Innovation (VACI) Agency Financial Report (AFR) Budget Submission Recovery Act Resources Business Congressional Affairs Jobs Benefits Booklet Data & Statistics VA ...

  20. První polský maršál. 150 let od narození Józefa Piłsudského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Friedl, Jiří

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 10 (2017), s. 38-41 ISSN 0418-5129 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Józef Piłsudski * Poland * biography Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Tides in the Sea Two Miles Away. (8) 778 (RF). A Letter to a Young Friend (12) 1110 (RF). A short biography of Israel Moiseevich Gelfand. (2) 104 (AIB). Acrocarpus ..... Pions (9) 802 (GA). Pizza theorem (5) 437 (GA). Plagiograph (3) 204 (GA). Plastic crystals (12) 1232 (GA). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (12). 1238 (GA).

  2. Performing ERP, Performing Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    suites, during the third period of ERP change. Other, more basic technology developments are more important than new software applications. A biography of a community consists of technical, organizational, financial and marketing changes and occasions. Research limitations/implications: A community...

  3. Inspired by Escher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wales, Andrew

    1998-01-01

    Uses the biography and work of M. C. Escher to introduce a unit on art history. Tells about Escher's influence not only on artists, but also on mathematicians and physicists. Outlines a student project in which students employed one of these themes: impossible geometry, rotating symmetry, or geometry. (DSK)

  4. Sex, spite, and selfish genes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nature's oracle: the life and work of W. D. Hamilton. Ullica Segerstrale .... Stemming partly from his study of sex ratios, Hamilton later began moving on to .... any scientific biography, has to strike a balance between sci- ence and the personal ...

  5. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children in 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science and Children, 1990

    1990-01-01

    Listed are 100 trade books with brief descriptions and availability information. Categories include animals, biography, space science and astronomy, anthropology and paleontology, life sciences, earth science, conservation, medical and health sciences, physics, technology, and engineering. Criteria for inclusion in this annual list are presented.…

  6. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children in 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science and Children, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Lists annotations of books based on accuracy of contents, readability, format, and illustrations. Includes number of pages in each entry, price, and availability. Topics cover animals, biographies, space science, astronomy, archaeology, anthropology, earth and life sciences, medical and health sciences, physics, technology, and engineering. (RT)

  7. 942-IJBCS-Article-Dr Babatunde Olufemi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Coconut Fiber-based Inorganic-bonded. Board: its Physical and Mechanical. Properties. XIII World Forestry Congress,. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 18-23 October. 2009. Book of Biographies and Abstracts;. 106. American Society for Testing Materials. 1978. Standard Methods of Evaluating the. Properties of Wood Based Fiber ...

  8. Reading as Mediated and Mediating Action: Composing Meaning for Literature through Multimedia Interpretive Texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smagorinsky, Peter; O'Donnell-Allen, Cindy

    1998-01-01

    Analyzes the effort of a small group of high school seniors to interpret the character of Laertes in Shakespeare's "Hamlet" through a "body biography," a life-sized human outline they filled with images and words representing their understanding of the character. Examines their discussion as they composed their text. (PA)

  9. Education and Training for Young People at Risk of Becoming NEET: Findings from an Ethnographic Study of Work-Based Learning Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Robin; Thompson, Ron

    2011-01-01

    This report provides a summary of findings from an ethnographic study of work-based learning provision for 16-18-year-olds who would otherwise fall into the UK Government category of not in education, employment or training (NEET). The research project took place in the north of England during 2008-2009, and investigated the biographies,…

  10. Popular Music: An Untapped Resource for Teaching Contemporary Black History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, B. Lee

    1979-01-01

    This essay suggests two innovative instructional approaches for using popular Black music as a model for historical study in the classroom: (1) biographies of popular music artists; and (2) lyrical demonstration of social themes. A list of lyric and album resources is provided. (Author/EB)

  11. Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions: Steven F. Maier

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Steven F. Maier, winner of the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions, is cited for his work in the fields of learned helplessness; cytokines, depressed mood, and cognitive interference; and the brain structures that produce and counteract learned helplessness. In addition to the citation, a biography and selected bibliography of Maier's…

  12. Author! Author! Seymour Simon: Science Writer Extraordinaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column presents a brief biography of author Seymour Simon, whose topics for children's photo essays include icebergs, gorillas, thunderstorms, optical illusions, snakes, air, water, planets, airplanes, volcanoes, cars, the brain, bridges, bugs, crocodiles, skyscrapers, sharks, and paper airplanes. Though he is best known in the style and an…

  13. CNA proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    The proceedings comprise keynote addresses, biographies, and 22 papers organized under the following headings: international CANDU operations, challenges in the uranium industry, public acceptance - gaining support, strategies for success in the nuclear business, nuclear power and the environment, initiatives in nuclear regulation, other opportunities. Individual papers published which come within the scope of INIS have been abstracted separately

  14. CNA proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    The proceedings comprise keynote addresses, biographies, and 22 papers organized under the following headings: international CANDU operations, challenges in the uranium industry, public acceptance - gaining support, strategies for success in the nuclear business, nuclear power and the environment, initiatives in nuclear regulation, other opportunities. Individual papers published which come within the scope of INIS have been abstracted separately.

  15. The Integration of Trade Books into the Social Studies Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhler, Carol J.

    1992-01-01

    Safe, noncontroversial social studies textbooks are neither meaningful nor necessary according to many students. As an alternative, teachers can integrate well-written trade books into the social studies curriculum. Well-researched diaries, journals, biographies, and autobiographies should become an integral part of the curriculum. (28 references)…

  16. Leaders in Context: Postpositivist Approaches to Understanding Educational Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gronn, Peter; Ribbins, Peter

    1996-01-01

    Traditional research methodologies (questionnaire surveys) ignore the role of institutional contexts in defining and structuring human agency. Biography and ethnography acknowledge context's importance in constructing leadership systems and treat followers' implicit theories more effectively. This article discusses the purposes, problems, and…

  17. Adolescent Culture and Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Neil

    1996-01-01

    Discusses adolescent anxieties, rebelliousness, and media preferences in the 1990s, especially Hip Hop, and relates today's trends to past trends, from Sinatra to Break Dancing. Suggests classroom activities using music and music videos: analyzing fans; providing biographies, discographies, lyrics; writing reviews of albums and videos; studying…

  18. Top-K Interesting Subgraph Discovery in Information Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-03

    top ten types (film, person, company, football biography, nrhp, television, album , settlement, musical artist, single). This ten-type network covers...well as some comedy and musical roles, which are quite different from this war movie. Again, John has worked mostly in US movies, rather than Italian

  19. Rebels with a Cause: Obedience, Resistance and Convent Life, 1800-1940

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raftery, Deirdre

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the biographies and personal records of nineteenth-century Catholic nuns who worked in education, with a view to determining how they reconciled their individuality with the demands of religious life. Their resistance to rules, and the ways in which they wrestled with the vow of obedience, is examined. The roles of the Novice…

  20. A strange cat in Dublin

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Raifeartaigh, Cormac

    2012-11-01

    Not many life stories in physics involve Nazis, illicit sex, a strange cat and the genetic code. Thus, a new biography of the great Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger is always of interest, and with Erwin Schrödinger and the Quantum Revolution, veteran science writer John Gribbin does not disappoint.