WorldWideScience

Sample records for biographical sketch format

  1. 29 CFR 1404.16 - Reports and biographical sketches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SERVICES Procedures for Arbitration Services § 1404.16 Reports and biographical sketches. (a) Arbitrators... biographical sketches for each arbitrator on the Roster from information supplied by the arbitrator...

  2. ["The incomparable Doctor Arthur Ludwig". A biographical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Minden, Stephan

    2016-01-01

    In two separate papers, two participants of the Weimar congress are identified on the famous congress photo for the first time. --Stephan von Minden provides a pioneering biographical sketch of the Munich neurologist A. Ludwig. Co-founder of the Munich IPA branch in 1911, and friend of the poet Else Lasker-Schüler and the educational reformer Paul Geheeb, Ludwig played a certain role in cultural history as a member of the "Munich bohemian scene" and head of a "medical family resort". --Reinhard Lampe highlights the life and work of psychiatrist E. Rehm, also a founding member of the Munich IPA branch. He directed a private sanatorium and exerted a considerable influence on medical politics in Munich for many years. An ardent National Socialist, Rehm sold his sanatorium to the Nazis in 1941.

  3. Biographical Sketches from Interviews Conducted by Lourdes Ruiz, Teacher, Dulce Elementary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pono, Filomena P., Comp.

    Eight biographical sketches of some Jicarilla Apache and Spanish American people who live and work in Dulce, New Mexico are given. These sketches contain brief descriptions of the lives of Jose Gabriel Abeyta, Cevero Caramillo, Chon LaBrier, Espeedie Garcia Ruiz, Raleigh Tafoya, Norman Tecube, Hubert Velarde, and Henry "Buster" L. Vicenti. At the…

  4. In quest of perfection in electron optics: A biographical sketch of Harald Rose on the occasion of his 80th birthday

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urban, Knut W., E-mail: k.urban@fz-juelich.de

    2015-04-15

    This brief biographical sketch of Harald Rose on occasion of his 80th birthday describes some of the key events in an extraordinarily successful scientific life. Many of the theoretical concepts developed by him over the last 50 years have been fundamental for electron optics. Indeed, some of them have changed the whole complexion of this field and are fundamental to modern electron microscopy, both in TEM and in STEM mode. With this dedicated issue of Ultramicroscopy, the members of the electron microscopy community would like to thank Harald Rose for dedicating his professional life to their field and thereby enriching the life of those active in it. - Highlights: • A short biography of the professional life of Harald Rose is given. • We give a guide to some of Harald Rose's most important papers. • The impact of Harald Rose's work in the field of electron optics is described. • An introduction to a Special Issue of Ultramicroscopy dedicated to Harald Rose is given.

  5. Biographical encyclopedia of astronomers

    CERN Document Server

    Trimble, Virginia; Williams, Thomas; Bracher, Katherine; Jarrell, Richard; Marché, Jordan; Palmeri, JoAnn; Green, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers is a unique and valuable resource for historians and astronomers alike. It includes approx. 1850 biographical sketches on astronomers from antiquity to modern times. It is the collective work of 430 authors edited by an editorial board of 8 historians and astronomers. This reference provides biographical information on astronomers and cosmologists by utilizing contemporary historical scholarship. The fully corrected and updated second edition adds approximately 300 biographical sketches. Based on ongoing research and feedback from the community, the new entries will fill gaps and provide expansions. In addition, greater emphasis on Russo phone astronomers and radio astronomers is given. Individual entries vary from 100 to 1500 words, including the likes of the super luminaries such as Newton and Einstein, as well as lesser-known astronomers like Galileo's acolyte, Mario Guiducci.

  6. 格理论指导下的《项羽本纪》兼语式%Analysis on Pivotal Structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu under the Guidance of Case Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马王储; 王显志

    2015-01-01

    兼语式是汉语特有的一种结构形式,《项羽本纪》采用大量兼语式式,其文学语言具有很高的艺术价值和研究价值。乔姆斯基提出的普遍语法格理论为兼语式名称、范围、存废问题的研究提供了理论依据。%Pivotal structure is a special kind of sentence structure in Chinese language ,it adapted many piv‐otal sentence structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu ,which is of high aesthetic and re‐search value .The Case theory provides theoretical basis for the discussion of pivotal structure .

  7. Nobel Prize Literature; A Selection of the Works of Forty-Four Nobel Prize Winning Authors in the Library of Dutchess Community College, with Biographical and Critical Sketches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Terry E., Comp.

    This bibliography is a compilation of works by 44 Nobel Prize winning authors presently available at the Dutchess Community College library. Each entry describes the piece of literature for which the author received an award, provides a brief sketch of the writer, includes a commentary on the themes of major works, and lists the writer's works. An…

  8. 《史记·五帝本纪》的美学价值初探%On the Aesthetic Value of"Records of the Grand Historian o Biographic Sketches of Five Emperors"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡铂

    2016-01-01

    In Chinese history,"Records of the Grand Historian"is a very important part of the history of literature.It establi-shes a basic paradigm for the country's historical narrative,but also for the study of history,it provides the valuable informa-tion.As the first part of it,"Biographic Sketches of Five Emperors"has a more important meaning and value.However,due to the content of the records,it belongs to the distant ancient civilizations with the lack of adequate research literature for each other.Therefore,they are often ignored by many scholars.From the four perspectives of word beauty,myth beauty,history beauty and culture beauty,this paper makes text analysis on the"Records of the Grand Historian o Biographic Sketches of Five Emperors",and aims to exploit their intrinsic aesthetic value in order to better inherit and carry forward the traditional Chinese spirit and culture,the cultural renaissance of the Chinese nation.%在中国历史上,《史记》是非常重要的一部历史文献.它为我国的史学叙述方式建立了一个基本范式,也为我国的史学研究提供了宝贵的资料.其中的《五帝本纪》部分作为开卷之首,有着更为重要的意义和价值.但是由于所记载的内容属于遥远的上古文明时期,缺乏足够的文献互相考证故而往往被很多学者忽略.本文将从文字美、神话美、历史美和文化美四个角度对《史记·五帝本纪》进行文本分析,旨在挖掘其内在的美学价值,以便更好地继承和发扬中华民族传统精神和文化,实现中华民族的文化复兴.

  9. Biographical Wardrobes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjold, Else

    2016-01-01

    are intertwined with time, space and objects. This paper represents a view on dress practice building on this view, with a particular focus on the issue of temporality. Based on her concept “the biographical wardrobe,” the author points to alternative understandings of dress practice that highlight how continuity...

  10. Sketching War

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg-Pedersen, Anders

    2014-01-01

    During the Napoleonic Wars the military croquis, or sketch map, played an important role in the spatial management of the various campaigns. Presumably, many of these sketch maps were destroyed or discarded after their immediate use. Those that survive have received little scholarly notice...

  11. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1975-01-01

    A fine collection of portraits of botanists, each with a brief text giving the most important biographical details, is now being published in Taxon to fill the even-numbered pages. These have not been mentioned here. Since recently a Biographical Section has been added to the Rijksherbarium Library,

  12. Biographical Sketch of Kiyoshi Nokihara (Doctor of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kiyoshi Nokihara(Japan)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The CEO and CSO of the HiPep Laboratories, Dr. Nokihara, initially studied Organic Chemistry and Chemical Engineering in Tokyo, followed by many years of academic research in Germany. His involvement with bio-molecules commenced at Deutsches Wollforschungs Institute at the Technischen Hochschule Aachen (1973-1979). From 1980 to 1985,he was Assistant Professor of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Shizuoka Prefectural University, where he undertook extensive research on brain-gastrointestinal peptides,syntheses as well as immunochemical end endocrinology studies. He subsequently relocated to the University of Heidelberg in the role of visiting Professor, and later at the GBF (German Research Center for Biotechnology). In 1990 he joined the Biotechnology Instruments Department of the Shimadzu Corporation, as General Manager in R & D and Head of the Life Science Center.

  13. [A biographical sketch of Albert Szent-Györgyi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Zoltán; Berger Salinas, Alexandra; Szánthó Pongrácz, György

    2015-08-01

    Albert Szent-Györgyi was a Hungarian biochemist and physiologist. He identified the structure and function of vitamin C, naming it as ascorbic acid. His research on cellular respiration and oxidation provided the basis for Krebs' citric acid cycle. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1937. With his collaborators, he discovered the biochemical basis of muscle contractility, isolating the basic proteins, giving them the name myosin and actin. Later on, he worked on the theory of carcinogenesis, linked to electron movements. He was one of the first researchers to describe the connection between free radicals and cancer. He lived a long, very complete life, defending always his opinion and freedom.

  14. Convolutional sketch inversion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Güçlütürk, Y.; Güçlü, U.; Lier, R.J. van; Gerven, M.A.J. van

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we use deep neural networks for inverting face sketches to synthesize photorealistic face images. We first construct a semi-simulated dataset containing a very large number of computer-generated face sketches with different styles and corresponding face images by expanding existing un

  15. Sketches as Interaction Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Day, Dennis; Sharma, Nishant

    2012-01-01

    This paper has two purposes. First, we hope to demonstrate how a design sketch can play a role in design practice as a physical space for negotiation. Thus our focus is not on the representivity of the sketch as such, but how it helps to organise design. Our second purpose is to reflect upon the ...

  16. Abductive sensemaking through sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes design sketching as a way to make abductive reasoning manifest and concrete. Through sketching, the abductive sensemaking leaves the domain of abstract logics and becomes part of the researchers or practitioner’s reflective practice. This practice is especially evident through...

  17. Social change in the perspective of biographical reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danuta Lalak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The modern world is interpreted and described in terms of an autobiographical society, in which the fundamental issues of human life are resolved in the process of an individual decision and being involved in a peculiar type of a dialog. This dialog is more and more often a dialog with oneself and an author’s vision of the world created in the confrontation with virtual reality. In this epoch context the biography is taken into account as a tool for perceiving, understanding and describing the change of the world and the human’s place in the world. Even though, the biography has functioned in social life forever, only now with the epoch of individualization, and then virtualization of life, its formative character has been noticed. Who is the subject of (autobiography? Who is it aimed at as a message and testimony of life? How is it created? Why is it constructed? Who is it constructed by? And then the questions which are behind the autobiography in the theoretical sense – What is life? How do we discover it? What is the link between telling about life and living the life? How is the telling (living about a life connected with culture and history? How does reading (interpreting about life connect with telling about life and the truth about life? Social development phases coupled with transformations within biographical reflection have been distinguished: life in a traditional world – the culture of telling about life; the birth of individualism (the individualization of experience – the culture of describing life; the discovery of identity – the culture of reading about life; life in the net and cyberspace – the culture of constructing life; the new communalism – the culture of seeking the meaning of life. Every stage of biographical reflection enables us to distinguish new forms of creating, understanding and using it in both the humanities and social life, but also in ordinary people’s life. The direction of changes sketched

  18. Sketching with animation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    , the aim is to present a range of analytical arguments and experimental results that indicate the need for a systematic approach to realising the potential of animation within design sketching. This will establish the foundation for what we label animation-based sketching.......This book offers a contribution to the theory, method and techniques involved in the use of animation as a tool for temporal design sketching. Lifted from its traditional role as a genre of entertainment and art and reframed in the design domain, animation offers support during the early phases...... of exploring and assessing the potential of new and emerging digital technologies. This approach is relatively new and has been touched upon by few academic contributions in the past. Thus, the aim of the text is not to promote a claim that sketching with animation is an inherently new phenomenon. Instead...

  19. Sketches in Embodied Interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erkut, Cumhur; Dahl, Sofia; Triantafyllidis, Georgios

    2014-01-01

    We present an approach for teaching and designing embodied interaction based on interactive sketches. We have combined the mover perspective and felt experiences of movement with advanced technologies (multi-agents, physical simulations) in a generative design session. We report our activities...... and provide a simple example as a design outcome. The variety and the qualities of the initial ideas indicate that this approach might provide a better foundation for our participants, compared to the approaches that focus only on technologies. The interactive sketches were demonstrated at the conference....

  20. Bayesian Face Sketch Synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Nannan; Gao, Xinbo; Sun, Leiyu; Li, Jie

    2017-03-01

    Exemplar-based face sketch synthesis has been widely applied to both digital entertainment and law enforcement. In this paper, we propose a Bayesian framework for face sketch synthesis, which provides a systematic interpretation for understanding the common properties and intrinsic difference in different methods from the perspective of probabilistic graphical models. The proposed Bayesian framework consists of two parts: the neighbor selection model and the weight computation model. Within the proposed framework, we further propose a Bayesian face sketch synthesis method. The essential rationale behind the proposed Bayesian method is that we take the spatial neighboring constraint between adjacent image patches into consideration for both aforementioned models, while the state-of-the-art methods neglect the constraint either in the neighbor selection model or in the weight computation model. Extensive experiments on the Chinese University of Hong Kong face sketch database demonstrate that the proposed Bayesian method could achieve superior performance compared with the state-of-the-art methods in terms of both subjective perceptions and objective evaluations.

  1. Reconstructing Experiences through Sketching

    CERN Document Server

    Karapanos, Evangelos; Hassenzahl, Marc

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents iScale, a survey tool that aims at eliciting users' experiences with a product from memory. iScale employs sketching in imposing a process in the reconstruction of one's experiences. Two versions of iScale, the Constructive and the Value-Account iScale, were motivated by two distinct theories on how people reconstruct emotional experiences from memory. These two versions were tested in two separate studies. Study 1 aimed at providing qualitative insight into the use of iScale and compared its performance to that of free-hand sketching. Study 2 compared the two iScale versions to a control condition: that of reporting one's experiences without employing any form of sketching. Significant differences between iScale and the "no-sketching" tool were found. Overall, iScale resulted in a) an increase in the number of experience reports that subjects provided, b) an increase in the amount of contextual information for the reported experiences, and c) an increase in subjects' accuracy in recalling...

  2. Sketching with a microcomputer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobi, P.

    This report describes the use of a microcomputer as a tool for the sketch design phase of the building process. A housing development scheme comprising 175 dwellings is chosen for illustrating the procedures. Here the microcomputer is utilized for analysing the landscape, for the three-dimensiona...

  3. Animation-based Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    This thesis is based on the results of a three-year long PhD-study at the Department of Communication and Psychology at Aalborg University. The thesis consist of five original papers, a book manuscript, as well as a linking text with the thesis’ research questions, research design, and summary...... experiments has been carried out, applying animation-based sketching in various contexts and at varying points in the design process. In the studies, I evaluate the viability of the approach, the practical integration into the design process, and map how consensus between stakeholders in design can...

  4. Sketching user experiences the workbook

    CERN Document Server

    Greenberg, Saul; Marquardt, Nicolai; Buxton, Bill

    2012-01-01

    In Sketching User Experiences: The Workbook, you will learn, through step-by-step instructions and exercises, various sketching methods that will let you express your design ideas about user experiences across time. Collectively, these methods will be your sketching repertoire: a toolkit where you can choose the method most appropriate for developing your ideas, which will help you cultivate a culture of experience-based design and critique in your workplace. Features standalone modules detailing methods and exercises for practitioners who want to learn and develop their sketching skills E

  5. Dynamic Research Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Bang, Anne Louise; Knutz, Eva

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we offer a new explanatory tool, called ‘dynamic research sketching’ useful for mapping and understanding how research through design can be a vehicle for theory construction. ‘Research through design’ is often used as an all-inclusive umbrella term for research practices that recog......In this paper we offer a new explanatory tool, called ‘dynamic research sketching’ useful for mapping and understanding how research through design can be a vehicle for theory construction. ‘Research through design’ is often used as an all-inclusive umbrella term for research practices...... that recognize the process of designing and making an artifact as a legitimate method of inquiry. However, even though this type of research is thus grounded in design practice there are many different ways in which the process of designing and making an artifact can be used as a method of inquiry in order...... a first step toward such a methodology. Initially, we set the scene by providing a critical examination of existing literature on the subject. Then, we demonstrate the explanatory strength of dynamic research sketching by applying it to three case examples. In so doing, we uncover three different methods...

  6. Fashion sketch design by interactive genetic algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mok, P. Y.; Wang, X. X.; Xu, J.; Kwok, Y. L.

    2012-11-01

    Computer aided design is vitally important for the modern industry, particularly for the creative industry. Fashion industry faced intensive challenges to shorten the product development process. In this paper, a methodology is proposed for sketch design based on interactive genetic algorithms. The sketch design system consists of a sketch design model, a database and a multi-stage sketch design engine. First, a sketch design model is developed based on the knowledge of fashion design to describe fashion product characteristics by using parameters. Second, a database is built based on the proposed sketch design model to define general style elements. Third, a multi-stage sketch design engine is used to construct the design. Moreover, an interactive genetic algorithm (IGA) is used to accelerate the sketch design process. The experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed method is effective in helping laypersons achieve satisfied fashion design sketches.

  7. George Ryerson Fowler: Brooklyn's surgical pioneer: a biographical sketch based on historical documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelleher, Mary E; Swan, Kenneth G; Kelleher, Denis P

    2011-06-01

    The Fowler position, widely used in surgery and obstetrics for patient placement, marks a fraction of 19th-century Brooklyn surgeon George Ryerson Fowler's prodigious accomplishments. Fowler was a pioneer who refined the appendectomy, performed the first lung decortication, advocated for sterile techniques, introduced first aid in the US Army, and helped start a precursor to Annals of Surgery. His publications include the first US textbook on appendicitis--ironically, the disease that killed him.

  8. [1400 hours of analysis with Freud: Viktor von Dirsztay. A biographical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Ulrike

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of mostly unpublished sources, the author reconstructs the life of the Hungarian writer Viktor von Dirsztay (1884?-1935) who was personally acquainted with many expressionist artists and writers, e. g. with Karl Kraus, Oskar Kokoschka, Herwarth Walden, Walter Hasenclever, Hermann Broch and Arthur Schnitzler. This association puts Freud into closer proximity with the cultural avantgarde of his times than previously realized. Between 1910 and 1920 Dirsztay underwent several phases of analysis with Freud; then he was treated by Theodor Reik. The overall length of his analysis with Freud is almost unparalleled. The article discusses whether and in which way Dirsztay's writings might have been influenced by his analyses and how Freud and Reik might have drawn upon their experiences with this patient. It is argued that likely references can be discovered in both authors' theories of masochism. There is an intriguing late remark of Dirsztay's that he was "ruined by analysis".

  9. An Epitome of Devotion and Moral Integrity-A Biographical Sketch of Prof. Ye Duzheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Congbin; Yan Xiaodong; Wu Guoxiong; Wang Huijun

    2003-01-01

    @@ Just as his name indicates, among Chinese scientists Prof. Ye Duzheng is an epitome of whole-hearted devotion to science and moral integrity in personal character. As one of the founders and pacesetters of Chinese atmospheric science, Prof.

  10. Warburg effect(s)-a biographical sketch of Otto Warburg and his impacts on tumor metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Angela M

    2016-01-01

    Virtually everyone working in cancer research is familiar with the "Warburg effect", i.e., anaerobic glycolysis in the presence of oxygen in tumor cells. However, few people nowadays are aware of what lead Otto Warburg to the discovery of this observation and how his other scientific contributions are seminal to our present knowledge of metabolic and energetic processes in cells. Since science is a human endeavor, and a scientist is imbedded in a network of social and academic contacts, it is worth taking a glimpse into the biography of Otto Warburg to illustrate some of these influences and the historical landmarks in his life. His creative and innovative thinking and his experimental virtuosity set the framework for his scientific achievements, which were pioneering not only for cancer research. Here, I shall allude to the prestigious family background in imperial Germany; his relationships to Einstein, Meyerhof, Krebs, and other Nobel and notable scientists; his innovative technical developments and their applications in the advancement of biomedical sciences, including the manometer, tissue slicing, and cell cultivation. The latter were experimental prerequisites for the first metabolic measurements with tumor cells in the 1920s. In the 1930s-1940s, he improved spectrophotometry for chemical analysis and developed the optical tests for measuring activities of glycolytic enzymes. Warburg's reputation brought him invitations to the USA and contacts with the Rockefeller Foundation; he received the Nobel Prize in 1931. World politics and world wars heavily affected Warburg's scientific survival in Berlin. But, after his second postwar recovery, Warburg's drive for unraveling the energetic processes of life, both in plants and in tumor cells, continued until his death in 1970. The legacy of Otto Warburg is not only the Warburg effect, but also the identification of the "respiratory ferment" and hydrogen-transferring cofactors and the isolation of glycolytic enzymes. His hypothesis of respiratory damage being the cause of cancer remains to be a provocative scientific issue, along with its implications for cancer treatment and prevention. Warburg is therefore still stimulating our thinking, as documented in a soaring increase in publications citing his name in the context of tumor metabolism.

  11. Eliezer Schneider: um esboço biográfico Eliezer Schneider: a biographical sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura traçar o percurso profissional de Eliezer Schneider, um dos primeiros brasileiros com formação acadêmica em Psicologia. Formado em Direito em 1939, pela Faculdade Nacional de Direito da antiga Universidade do Brasil (hoje UFRJ, prestou concurso para o Instituto de Psicologia daquela universidade, onde ingressou em 1941. Poucos anos depois, obteve o título de Mestre em Psicologia pela Universidade de Iowa (EUA com tese sobre as teorias emergentistas da personalidade, orientada pelo professor Gustavo Bergman. Da experiência nessa Universidade permaneceu seu interesse pelo behaviorismo, menos talvez por sua metodologia do que por sua ênfase nas situações ambientais como determinantes do comportamento humano. Seu interesse pela Psicologia, segundo seu próprio relato, surgiu com o estudo do Direito - como entender o criminoso, como caracterizar a inimputabilidade? Sua principal influência, contudo, se encontra na formação de toda uma geração de professores de Psicologia Social que, com ele, aprendemos a estender nosso olhar além do paradigma individualista e intimista que caracteriza nossa Psicologia.This article presents the professional trajectory of Eliezer Schneider, one of the first Brazilians with academic training in Psychology. Graduated in Law, in 1939, by National College of Law of the old University of Brazil (nowadays Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, he applied to a position at the Institute of Psychology of that University, being hired in 1941. Few years later, he got the Master degree by University of Iowa (USA, with a thesis about the emergentist theories of personality, under the supervision of Gustavo Bergman. Due to his experience at that University, Schneider kept his interest in behaviorism alive, perhaps not so for its methodology but for its emphasis in environmental situations as determinants of human behavior. His interest in Psychology, according to his own report, began with Law studies - how to understand the criminal, how to characterize his/her unliability? However, his main contribution relates to the training of a whole generation of Social Psychology teachers, who have learned, with him, to extend our sight beyond the paradigm of individualism and intimacy that identifies our Psychology.

  12. In search of the malarial parasite: biographical sketches of the blood stain contributors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krafts, Kristine; Hempelmann, Ernst; Oleksyn, Barbara J

    2011-09-01

    Methylene blue was synthesized by Caro in 1876 at BASF, a chemical company. Six years later, Koch employed methylene blue when he discovered the tubercle bacillus. In 1880, Ehrlich described what he termed "neutral" dyes: mixtures of acidic and basic dyes for the differentiation of cells in peripheral blood smears. Bernthsen prepared in 1886 a relatively pure dye, obtained by decomposition of methylene blue, and called it methylene azure. In 1891, Malachowski developed a method which used mixtures of eosin and "ripened" methylene blue that not only differentiated blood cells, but also demonstrated the nuclei of malarial parasites. Romanowsky later performed the same feat with an unrepeatable method. A number of "ripening" (polychroming) techniques were investigated by different groups (Nocht 1899) but the aqueous dye solutions produced were unstable and precipitated rapidly. Subsequently, methanol was introduced as a solvent for the dye precipitate (Jenner 1899) and techniques were developed that utilized the fixative properties of the methanolic solution prior to aqueous dilution for staining (Wright 1902). Giemsa (1902) further improved these techniques by developing more precise methods of methylene blue demethylation and adding glycerol as a stabilizing agent to the methanol solvent. Today, the Malachowski-Wright-Giemsa stain continues to be regarded as the world's standard diagnostic technique for malaria.

  13. Japanese Word Sketches: Advances and Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena SRDANOVIĆ

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present results of an evaluation of Japanese word sketches and address in detail issues that were observed by the evaluators. A word sketch presents a list of salient collocates of a word, organized by the grammatical relations holding between the word and its collocate. The word sketch functionality is incorporated into the Sketch Engine corpus query system and has been created for more than twenty languages so far, including Japanese. The issues that have been discovered in the evaluation of word sketches in Japanese are to be addressed for further enhancement of the word sketch functionality. Other tools and resources which are combined for use and influence the performance of the word sketches should also be looked over. We divide the issues into the following: 1 the lemmatizer and tagger in use, 2 the sketch grammar that is specifically written for Japanese, and 3 the corpus and statistical methods.

  14. Bhadarwahi: A Typological Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amitabh Vikram DWIVEDI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a summary of some phonological and morphosyntactice features of the Bhadarwahi language of Indo-Aryan family. Bhadarwahi is a lesser known and less documented language spoken in district of Doda of Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir State in India. Typologically it is a subject dominant language with an SOV word order (SV if without object and its verb agrees with a noun phrase which is not followed by an overt post-position. These noun phrases can move freely in the sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence. The indirect object generally precedes the direct object. Aspiration, like any other Indo-Aryan languages, is a prominent feature of Bhadarwahi. Nasalization is a distinctive feature, and vowel and consonant contrasts are commonly observed. Infinitive and participle forms are formed by suffixation while infixation is also found in causative formation. Tense is carried by auxiliary and aspect and mood is marked by the main verb.

  15. SketchUp 2014 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Chopra, Aidan

    2014-01-01

    Start building your 3D model today with a comprehensive guide to SketchUp 2014 SketchUp 2014 For Dummies is a user-friendly guide to creating 3D models, adding textures, creating animated walkthroughs, and more, using one of the most popular 3D modeling programs on the market. Fully updated to align with the release of SketchUp, the book guides you through the interface, tools, techniques, and tricks in SketchUp and SketchUp Pro, on both Windows and Mac platforms. Written for designers with no prior 3D modeling experience, the book provides beginner- to intermediate-level instruction in this p

  16. Google SketchUp Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Roskes, Bonnie

    2009-01-01

    As the first book for intermediate and advanced users of Google SketchUp, this Cookbook goes beyond the basics to explore the complex features and tools that design professionals use. You'll get numerous step-by-step tutorials for solving common (and not so common) design problems, with detailed color graphics to guide your way, and discussions that explain additional ways to complete a task.

  17. Biographical Sources: Literature. Bibliographic Series No. 13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Joan

    Items listed in this bibliography of biographical materials on writers and poets were selected from the holdings of the Arkansas University library. Organized by geographic region, citations include encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, bibliographies, and directories on British, American and English speaking, European, French, German, Austrian,…

  18. The Roles of Sketching in Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how the role of sketching in design process has been disseminated previously through a review of prior perspectives into the field. We identify that the studies of design sketching has been dominated by two perspectives: studies into what is known as ‘visual thinking......’ (Goldschmidt 1991, Schön & Wiggins 1992, Tversky et al. 1999), which examines the designers reflective conversation with the sketch, and a second perspective on sketching as way of ‘visual communication’ with others in the design process (Lugt 2005, Schütze 2003, Buxton 2010). We raise the question of whether...... it is reasonable to combine the two different roles of sketching to form a more intertwined relationship - seeing the two as sides of the same coin. Based on the terminology of Olofsson & Sjöflen (2005) four functions are identified as being representative for the different roles sketching can take in the design...

  19. Tehnical sketch drawing in the elementary school

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    A picture may contain countless information presented without the use of words. We encounter it from our childhood onward and our ability to understand picture messages develops hand in hand with our maturity. Everyone is familiar with an artistic painting, but we more and more frequently encounter the technical sketch drawing, with its most basic form – the sketch, often without even being aware of it. The ability to understand a technical sketch drawing and its content can be of great help ...

  20. Sketch-based Interfaces and Modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Jorge, Joaquim

    2011-01-01

    The field of sketch-based interfaces and modeling (SBIM) is concerned with developing methods and techniques to enable users to interact with a computer through sketching - a simple, yet highly expressive medium. SBIM blends concepts from computer graphics, human-computer interaction, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. Recent improvements in hardware, coupled with new machine learning techniques for more accurate recognition, and more robust depth inferencing techniques for sketch-based modeling, have resulted in an explosion of both sketch-based interfaces and pen-based computing

  1. Sketching for Developing Critical Thinking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, S. C.; Wang, P.; Sim, T. B.; Goh, E.; Ng, H. K.

    2013-12-01

    Sketching is a valuable field technique to support a person's observation, recording, interpretation and communication of important features in both natural and human-made landscapes. The Singapore geography syllabus employs an inquiry approach and encourages sketching as a fundamental geographical skill. Sketching allows the learner to connect with the world through a personal and kinesthetic experience. The Earth Observatory of Singapore collaborates with the Singapore Geography Teachers' Association, Urban Sketchers, and National Institute of Education professional development to give teachers both basic sketching skills and the opportunity to develop those skills in a scaffolded environment. In Singapore, geography and geology skills overlap in content area of coastal processes, climate change, and plate tectonics with its associated natural hazards such as volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunami. Both disciplines are interested in how people live on the Earth. Likewise, basic skills such as observing, classifying, measuring, and communicating cut across disciplines of social and natural sciences in order to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate information about the world. Hence, sketching, commonly considered an art skill, is used to further scientific thinking. This somewhat unique collaboration to develop sketching in teachers is based on the long tradition of sketches in geological field work, the newly popular urban sketching community, and professional development by a professional organization and the Singapore National Institute of Education. Workshops provide technique as well as opportunities for sketching with experts in different areas relevant to the geography curriculum.

  2. SimSketch: multiagent simulations based on learner-created sketches for early science education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bollen, L.; Joolingen, van W.R.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents an approach to create simulations of science phenomena based on sketches. SimSketch, an integrated drawing and modeling tool, allows students to create sketches and apply behaviors to elements of their drawing. A multiagent simulation engine interprets and executes the model, thu

  3. Biographical value: towards a conceptualisation of the commodification of illness narratives in contemporary healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazanderani, Fadhila; Locock, Louise; Powell, John

    2013-07-01

    Illness narratives play a central role in social studies of health and illness, serving as both a key theoretical focus and a popular research method. Despite this, relatively little work has gone into conceptualising how and why illness narratives - be they in books, websites, television or other media - are commodified in contemporary healthcare and its social environment; namely, how distinctive forms of value are generated in the production, circulation, use and exchange of illness narratives. In this article we propose the notion of biographical value as a first step towards conceptualising the values attributed to illness narratives in this context. Based on a secondary analysis of 37 interviews with people affected by 15 different health conditions in the UK (all of whom have shared their illness experiences across various media) and drawing on understandings of value in research on the bioeconomy and the concept of biovalue in particular, we sketch out how epistemic, ethical and economic forms of value converge and co-constitute each other in the notion of biographical value and in broader economies of illness experiences.

  4. Discovering English with the Sketch Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, James

    2014-01-01

    "Discovering English with the Sketch Engine" is the title of a new book (Thomas, 2014) which introduces the use of corpora in language study, teaching, writing and translating. It focuses on using the Sketch Engine to identify patterns of normal usage in many aspects of English ranging from morphology to discourse and pragmatics. This…

  5. Sketching is more than making correct drawings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waanders, Remko; Eggink, Wouter; Mulder-Nijkamp, Maaike; Kovacevic, A.; Ion, W.; McMahon, C.; Buck, C.; Hogarth, P.

    2011-01-01

    Sketching in the context of a design process is not a goal in itself, but can be considered as a tool to make better designs. Sketching as a design tool has several useful effects as: ordering your thoughts, better understanding of difficult shapes, functioning as a communication tool, and providing

  6. Sketching the moon an astronomical artist's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Handy, Richard; McCague, Thomas; Rix, Erika; Russell, Sally

    2012-01-01

    Soon after you begin studying the sky through your small telescope or binoculars, you will probably be encouraged by others to make sketches of what you see. Sketching is a time-honored tradition in amateur astronomy and dates back to the earliest times, when telescopes were invented. Even though we have lots of new imaging technologies nowadays, including astrophotography, most observers still use sketching to keep a record of what they see, make them better observers, and in hopes of perhaps contributing something to the body of scientific knowledge about the Moon. Some even sketch because it satisfies their artistic side. The Moon presents some unique challenges to the astronomer-artist, the Moon being so fond of tricks of the light. Sketching the Moon: An Astronomical Artist’s Guide, by five of the best lunar observer-artists working today, will guide you along your way and help you to achieve really high-quality sketches. All the major types of lunar features are covered, with a variety of sketching te...

  7. Dylan's Biographical Rhetoric and the Myth of the Outlaw Hero.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makay, John J.; Gonzalez, Alberto

    1987-01-01

    Discusses how Bob Dylan's biographical songs promote the myth of the outlaw-hero and offer powerful cultural criticism by appealing to three ethical traits: resistance to corrupt authority, integrity of the self, and simplicity. Shows how Dylan's biographical rhetoric defines a social context that appeals to a vast audience. (JD)

  8. Creativity in Biographical Writing as the Necessary Fictions of Nonfiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Paula R.

    Biographical writing is highly imaginative writing and always has been. The task of the biographer is to weave a riveting story from the fabric of the subject's life. For example, a single pivotal incident in the lives of Percy Bysshe Shelley, the English poet, and Mary Godwin, author of "Frankenstein", at the grave of Mary's mother, Mary…

  9. Sketching is more than making correct drawings

    OpenAIRE

    Waanders, Remko; Eggink, Wouter; Mulder-Nijkamp, Maaike; Kovacevic, A.; Ion, W.; McMahon, C; Buck, C.; Hogarth, P.

    2011-01-01

    Sketching in the context of a design process is not a goal in itself, but can be considered as a tool to make better designs. Sketching as a design tool has several useful effects as: ordering your thoughts, better understanding of difficult shapes, functioning as a communication tool, and providing an iterative way of developing shapes. In our bachelor-curriculum Industrial Design Engineering we developed a series of courses that addresses these effects in particular. The courses are Sketchi...

  10. Sketch Matching on Topology Product Graph.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Shuang; Luo, Jun; Liu, Wenyin; Wei, Yichen

    2015-08-01

    Sketch matching is the fundamental problem in sketch based interfaces. After years of study, it remains challenging when there exists large irregularity and variations in the hand drawn sketch shapes. While most existing works exploit topology relations and graph representations for this problem, they are usually limited by the coarse topology exploration and heuristic (thus suboptimal) similarity metrics between graphs. We present a new sketch matching method with two novel contributions. We introduce a comprehensive definition of topology relations, which results in a rich and informative graph representation of sketches. For graph matching, we propose topology product graph that retains the full correspondence for matching two graphs. Based on it, we derive an intuitive sketch similarity metric whose exact solution is easy to compute. In addition, the graph representation and new metric naturally support partial matching, an important practical problem that received less attention in the literature. Extensive experimental results on a real challenging dataset and the superior performance of our method show that it outperforms the state-of-the-art.

  11. Efficient estimation for high similarities using odd sketches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitzenmacher, Michael; Pagh, Rasmus; Pham, Ninh Dang

    2014-01-01

    Estimating set similarity is a central problem in many computer applications. In this paper we introduce the Odd Sketch, a compact binary sketch for estimating the Jaccard similarity of two sets. The exclusive-or of two sketches equals the sketch of the symmetric difference of the two sets. This ...

  12. SketchStory: telling more engaging stories with data through freeform sketching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Bongshin; Kazi, Rubaiat Habib; Smith, Greg

    2013-12-01

    Presenting and communicating insights to an audience-telling a story-is one of the main goals of data exploration. Even though visualization as a storytelling medium has recently begun to gain attention, storytelling is still underexplored in information visualization and little research has been done to help people tell their stories with data. To create a new, more engaging form of storytelling with data, we leverage and extend the narrative storytelling attributes of whiteboard animation with pen and touch interactions. We present SketchStory, a data-enabled digital whiteboard that facilitates the creation of personalized and expressive data charts quickly and easily. SketchStory recognizes a small set of sketch gestures for chart invocation, and automatically completes charts by synthesizing the visuals from the presenter-provided example icon and binding them to the underlying data. Furthermore, SketchStory allows the presenter to move and resize the completed data charts with touch, and filter the underlying data to facilitate interactive exploration. We conducted a controlled experiment for both audiences and presenters to compare SketchStory with a traditional presentation system, Microsoft PowerPoint. Results show that the audience is more engaged by presentations done with SketchStory than PowerPoint. Eighteen out of 24 audience participants preferred SketchStory to PowerPoint. Four out of five presenter participants also favored SketchStory despite the extra effort required for presentation.

  13. 论蔡元培的传记写作%On Cai Yuanpei' s Biographical Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖勤芳

    2012-01-01

    Cai Yuanpei wrote a great many biographical writings in his life though he wasn' t famous for writing biography. In the period of his formative education and studying freely, he accumulated the attainment of biographical writing and cultivated gradually the sense of cultural identification based on Chinese ancient bi- ography. When embarking on political revolution and educational innovation, he became more active in bio- graphical writing, especially choosing those revolutionaries, relatives and friends as leading characters. In his later years, he wrote autobiography with a style of annals suggested by Hu Shi. All in all, it was very obvious that Cai should be a helpful promotion to modem transformation of Chinese biographical idea though he wasn' t determined biographical writer and researcher, including his lack of more profound biographical theories and very self-conscious sense of modem biographical style.%蔡元培并不是一位以写作传记而闻名的文学家,但在一生中写下了大量的传记作品。在接受启蒙教育和“自由”读书的过程中,他积累了良好的传记写作素养,逐渐形成了对中国传记文化的认同感。随着政治革命、教育革新等活动的展开,他更是积极写作各种人物传记,其中的革命家传和亲友传最具特色。晚年在胡适的影响下用年谱体写作自传。尽管蔡元培的志向并不在传记写作及研究上,此外亦无十分深刻的传记理论见解和非常自觉的现代传记文体意识,但对中国传记文学观念的现代转型具有一定的助推作用。

  14. [Personality and neurosis in the biographical perspective].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bühler, K E

    1985-01-01

    A biographical conception of neurosis requires a dynamical perspective of personality which may be defined as the relative stability of a person in time. The life-cycle is not merely a sequence of data but a complex pattern which can be reconstructed by all semiotic systems. But the ordinary all-purpose language is to be preferred because of its flexibility to fit even very complicated state of affairs. The narration of a life-cycle does not end in a unique version but a multiplicity of legitimate narratives. The unity of all these versions is conceived as paradigma, that means a set of similar examples. The extensional set of the paradigma shows a kind of order which may be characterized intensionally by a rule or a sense. The seeming irrationality of a neurotic symptom is caused by its belonging to a different paradigma for which there is a sense. Psychotherapy is an attempt to give the seeming irrational symptoms a specific sense and to change it in a second step.

  15. Biographical sketch: Nosrat Ollah Ameli, MB, ChB (Hons), ChM (Birm), FICS, FRCS (Eng).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alimi, Marjan; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa

    2012-10-01

    Nosrat Ollah Ameli (1913-2010) was one of the pioneers in Iranian neurosurgery. After training in England in the 1950s, Ameli returned to his country to found the Darioush Kabir Hospital, where he started the first neurosurgical ward in collaboration with Prof. E. Samiy. Here he applied his genius and innovation to develop unique approaches to the management of challenging neurosurgical techniques, in the context of limited resource available at that time. He started the training of neurosurgeons in Iran. He was internationally recognised being elected as a vice president of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS). His efforts extended beyond neurosurgery to many other fields. He published extensively in international peer reviewed medical journals around the world and contributed to the foundation of Acta Medica Iranica journal, the first scientific medical journal in English published by Tehran University of Medical Sciences. His efforts to improve medical education in Iran continued even through his years of retirement. This article recounts Nosrat Ollah Ameli's many contributions to Iran's medical education as well as his achievements as a neurosurgeon.

  16. Biographical sketch of a giant: Deciphering recent debris-flow dynamics from the Ohya landslide body (Japanese Alps)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imaizumi, Fumitoshi; Trappmann, Daniel; Matsuoka, Norikazu; Tsuchiya, Satoshi; Ohsaka, Okihiro; Stoffel, Markus

    2016-11-01

    Debris-flow frequency, discharge, and travel distance are highly catchment dependent and typically controlled by topography, hydrological conditions, and sediment supply. As a consequence, detailed and case-specific investigations are needed to decipher debris-flow histories in order to improve hazard mitigation. This study documents past (ca. 10 years) debris-flow occurrences originating from the Ohya landslide, central Japan, by using a large set of methods including field monitoring, repeat airborne LiDAR, orthophoto interpretation, and tree-ring reconstructions. We demonstrate that the different approaches generally agree on the occurrence of debris flows but that mismatches may exist when it comes to the assessment of areas affected by individual events. These differences may even exceed the usual errors in precision inherent to each of the methods used. In the present case, high-resolution orthophoto interpretation tends to underestimate areas affected by debris flows, especially in the vertical direction, in the absence of lateral movement of the channel bed and as a result of shade and areas under trees. On the other hand, we realize that LiDAR data cannot necessarily be used to distinguish local changes in topography from noise. Tree-ring analyses can help to improve the temporal resolution of the analysis, but may have limitations when it comes to the definition of areas affected by an event because of the point-type nature of data. We conclude that the best and most complete results are obtained by combining multiple methods to improve the spatial and temporal resolution of past debris flows and to delimit areas affected by individual events.

  17. Sketching web services backends with SERPE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aprile, W.A.

    2009-01-01

    In the face of current strong commercial interest in services that, from an implementation point of view, consist of databases provided with a web API and/or a front end, there is a scarcity of tools that allow quickly sketching the service backend in order to deliver an interactive prototype. SERPE

  18. A Simple Sketch Symbolizing Self-Reliance

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-02-16

    EID Managing Editor, Byron Breedlove, reads his cover art story, A Simple Sketch Symbolizing Self-Reliance.  Created: 2/16/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 2/16/2017.

  19. Musings on Sketches, Artists, and Mosquito Nets

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-09-23

    Byron Breedlove reads his essay Musings on Sketches, Artists, and Mosquito Nets about the art of James Whistler and the transmission of vector borne diseases.  Created: 9/23/2014 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 10/20/2014.

  20. arTenTen: Arabic Corpus and Word Sketches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tressy Arts

    2014-12-01

    The article also presents the ‘sketch grammar’ (the basis for the word sketches in detail, describes the process of building and processing the corpus, and considers the role of the corpus in additional research on Arabic.

  1. CSTutor: A Sketch-Based Tool for Visualizing Data Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Sarah; Laviola, Joseph J., Jr.

    2014-01-01

    We present CSTutor, a sketch-based interface designed to help students understand data structures, specifically Linked Lists, Binary Search Trees, AVL Trees, and Heaps. CSTutor creates an environment that seamlessly combines a user's sketched diagram and code. In each of these data structure modes, the user can naturally sketch a data structure on…

  2. Exploring Biographical Learning in Danish Elite Football Coaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    Exploring Biographical Learning In Danish Elite Football Coaching Mette Krogh Christensen Abstract for EASS 2011(300 words) Background: There is a growing body of studies in sports coaching cultures, comprising research focusing on the individual learning processes and life histories of elite...... coaches. Even if high performance sport has become increasingly professionalized, the role of the elite coach and the developmental pathways of the coaches differ widely in both areas of experience and amount of experience. Objectives: This paper draws on theories on biographical learning...... football coaches (n=8) about their pathways in elite sport. Using Kvale’s recommendations, thematic analysis was conducted by the use of meaning coding. In addition, a theoretical reading of the interview was conducted on the background of Alheit’s concept of biographicity and Werthner and Trudel...

  3. Biographical Storytelling in the Context of Counseling and Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidrun Schulze

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A precondition for any hermeneutic analysis of biographies is that the interview partners generate life history narratives. The same applies to a counseling practice that is sensitized by biographical analysis. On the one hand, clients' narratives of their own experiences provide the counselor with information on their biographical self-constructions and the processes of the sedimentation of the experiences of their life history. On the other hand, such narratives are not only of diagnostic use for the counselor, but also contribute to the clients' self-understanding. The author works in a psychosocial counseling center for university students. The article describes the transfer and potential of a style of counseling which encourages and is sensitized by biographical narratives in the context of an institution with a specific task. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs080117

  4. Lives Without Privacy: Biographical Blindness in Theory Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Greif

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Historical discourse is covered with ‘blind spots’ when dealing with historical role, active contribution, and participation in general of women. This emptiness is ever more obvious with regard to categories of women alternative to the mainstream gender model. While generally women artists as internally undifferentiated and amorphous gender monolith are purely represented within art history and research of art practice, non-hetero-normative women as a deviating minority are just ‘invisible’. It’s not only about the heteronormativism and heterosexism of the mainstream art history but also about phobias of feminist theory. The basic question is when, how and why the biographical approach in art analysis remains unresponsive to biographical specifics outside the socially affirmative mainstream, and why is it important in the biographical optic to detect lost elements through sharper-focused lance.

  5. Automatic Image-Based Pencil Sketch Rendering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进; 鲍虎军; 周伟华; 彭群生; 徐迎庆

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents an automatic image-based approach for converting greyscale images to pencil sketches, in which strokes follow the image features. The algorithm first extracts a dense direction field automatically using Logical/Linear operators which embody the drawing mechanism. Next, a reconstruction approach based on a sampling-and-interpolation scheme is introduced to generate stroke paths from the direction field. Finally, pencil strokes are rendered along the specified paths with consideration of image tone and artificial illumination.As an important application, the technique is applied to render portraits from images with little user interaction. The experimental results demonstrate that the approach can automatically achieve compelling pencil sketches from reference images.

  6. Sketching web services backends with SERPE

    OpenAIRE

    Aprile, W.A.

    2009-01-01

    In the face of current strong commercial interest in services that, from an implementation point of view, consist of databases provided with a web API and/or a front end, there is a scarcity of tools that allow quickly sketching the service backend in order to deliver an interactive prototype. SERPE consists of an online Python programming environment that hides the complexities of the MVC model, databases, objects and object relational mapping and builds on Google's services, letting the ser...

  7. Banquet Speech Some Sketches Of Rayleigh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, John N.

    1985-11-01

    Several short sketches are presented of Lord Rayleigh, to show his method of working and his interaction with his fellow scientists. The topics discussed are: his research on the blue of the sky (Rayleigh scattering); his rescue of Waterston from near-oblivion; his research on surface acoustic waves (Rayleigh waves); his collaboration with Agnes Pockels; his research on blackbody radiation (the Rayleigh-Jeans Law).

  8. Evaluating word semantic properties using Sketch Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoykova, Velislava; Simkova, Maria

    2015-02-01

    The paper describes approach to use statistically-based tools incorporated into Sketch Engine system for electronic text corpora processing to mining big textual data for search and extract word semantic properties. It presents and compares series of word search experiments using different statistical approaches and evaluates results for Bulgarian language EUROPARL 7 Corpus search to extract word semantic properties. Finally, the methodology is extended for multilingual application using Slovak language EUROPARL 7 Corpus.

  9. THE INTERTEXT FUNCTIONS IN BIOGRAPHICAL NOVELS BY P. ACKROYD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blinova M. P.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the intertext functions in biographical novels by P. Ackroyd has been reviewed in this article. Using citations, reminiscences, and allusions creates a factual structure of the works and becomes a particular tool of the hero’s characteristic. Its purpose is to destroy the stereotyped images. The intertext helps P.Ackroyd to comment the works of his heroes and to include them in the cultural paradigm. As a result, the structure of the biographical novel becomes open and allows of different interpretations

  10. Role of biographical experience and bodily sensations in patients' adaptation to hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sångren, H; Reventlow, S; Hetlevik, I

    2009-01-01

    abilities. Patients gradually adopted behaviour and attitudes to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSION: A diagnosis of hypertension constitutes a biographical disruption and has an impact on daily life. Patients' adaptation to hypertension combines biographical and bodily experiences...

  11. Transcending Domesticity:A Biographic Study on Sarah Orne Jewett

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄义辉

    2013-01-01

      Following Showalter’s division of the three phases in women’s literary history, namely the“Feminine, Feminist and Fe⁃male”, this essay launches a biographic study on Sarah Orne Jewett, discussing how she transcends domesticity by embracing fe⁃male friendship in life and writing a female culture in literature.

  12. ADVERTISING AND AN ACCIDENTAL CLASSIC: ILLUSTRATED SKETCHES OF DFATH VALLEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Steeples

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Illustrated Sketches of Death Valley (1891 originated as a hastily-written series of journalistic sketches of our Western borax deserts. They were written on commission to supplement their authors income. Conceived as a means subtly to promote the borax industry the Sketches in time won unintended recognition as a classic source for their subject. They also assumed unforeseen importance as an illustration of the role of advertising in America’s changing economy.

  13. Google SketchUp Workshop Modeling, Visualizing, and Illustrating

    CERN Document Server

    Brixius, Laurent

    2010-01-01

    Discover the secrets of the Google SketchUp with the 16 real-world professional-level projects including parks, structures, concept art, and illustration. Google SketchUp Workshop includes all the wide variety of projects that SketchUp can be used for-architectural visualization, landscape design, video game and film conception, and more. SketchUp masters in every field will get you up to speed in this agile and intuitive software and then show you the real uses with through projects in architecture, engineering, and design. * Packed with 16 real-world Go

  14. The Social Representations of Soviet period in Latvian biographical discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Mārtiņš Kaprāns

    2012-01-01

    The PhD thesis demonstrates how the Latvian public biographical discourse has framed and transformed the understanding of Soviet period over the last 20 years and how these processes were influenced by autobiographers’ collective identities. The conceptual framework of the study is derived from the social representations theory that was founded at the beginning of the 1960s by French social psychologist Serge Moscovici. The empirical part of the thesis is based on three dataset...

  15. Representing electrons a biographical approach to theoretical entities

    CERN Document Server

    Arabatzis, Theodore

    2006-01-01

    Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron-or rather its representation-as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical

  16. [Freud, the biography, his autobiography and his biographers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Mijolla, A

    1993-01-01

    Freud has a dual attitude to the biographical genre. When he places himself in the position of psychoanalyst-biographer of others, he is enthusiastic, speaking of ground to be conquered for psychoanalysis, and his works, as well as his correspondence, show that he continued to devote himself to investigations which resulted in interpretations of a number of personalities, the most detailed of which dealt with Leonardo de Vinci, Goethe, Dostoyevsky, President Wilson, and Moses. On the other hand, even though during the first years of the discovery of psychoanalysis he allowed himself, in a more or less veiled manner, confidences of an autobiographical nature, Freud remained very secretive about himself. He limited himself to making public only the routine information found on his university resume or the details of his life directly related to the discovery and the development of psychoanalysis. Hidden behind die Sache, the Cause, the man always vigorously defended himself against those who, braving the periodical destruction to which he subjected his archives, claimed to apply to him this "investigative drive" whose heuristic richness he otherwise celebrated. It is by means of fantasies of identification to the work, present in every biographical attempt, that we attempt to address here the contradictions of this dual attitude.

  17. A Patch-based Sparse Representation for Sketch Recognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qi, Yonggong; Zhang, Honggang; Song, Yi-Zhe

    2014-01-01

    Categorizing free-hand human sketches has profound implications in applications such as human computer interaction and image retrieval. The task is non-trivial due to the iconic nature of sketches, signified by large variances in both appearance and structure when compared with photographs. One...

  18. Flower solid modeling based on sketches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhan DING; Shu-chang XU; Xiu-zi YE; Yin ZHANG; San-yuan ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we propose a method to model flowers of solid shape. Based on (Ijiri et al., 2005)'s method, we separate individual flower modeling and inflorescence modeling procedures into structure and geometry modeling. We incorporate interactive editing gestures to allow the user to edit structure parameters freely onto structure diagram. Furthermore, we use free-hand sketching techniques to allow users to create and edit 3D geometrical elements freely and easily. The final step is to automatically merge all independent 3D geometrical elements into a single waterproof mesh. Our experiments show that this solid modeling approach is promising. Using our approach, novice users can create vivid flower models easily and freely. The generated flower model is waterproof. It can have applications in visualization, animation, gaming, and toys and decorations if printed out on 3D rapid prototyping devices.

  19. More Than A SketchUp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Derrick D.

    2014-01-01

    This 2014 summer internship assignment at John F. Kennedy Space Center (K.S.C) was conducted with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Engineering and Technology (NE) group in support of the Control and Data Systems Division (NE-C) within the Test, Operations & Support Software Engineering Branch (NE-C2). The primary focus of this project was to assist Branch Chief Laurie B. Griffin, to support NASA's Small Payload Launch Integrated Testing Services (SPLITS) mission, by mastering the capabilities of 3-D modeling software called SketchUp. I used SketchUp to create a virtual environment for different laboratories of the NE-00 Division. My mission was to have these models uploaded into a K.S.C Partnerships Website and be used as a visual aid to viewers who browsed the site. The leads of this project were Kay L. Craig, Business and Industry Specialist (AD-A) and Steven E. Cain, (FA-C). I teamed with fellow intern Tait Sorenson of the Flight Structures and Thermal Protection Systems Branch (NE-M5) and met with many K.S.C lab managers willing to display their lab's structure and capabilities. The information collected during these lab tours was vital to the building of the K.S.C Partnerships Website. To accomplish this goal Sorenson and I later teamed with fellow Marketing intern Marlee Pereda-Ramos, of the Spaceport Planning Office In Center Planning And Development (AD-A) Along with Ramos, Tait and I toured an array of laboratories and got first hand exposure to their functions and capabilities.

  20. A bibliography on sketches from the computer science point of view

    OpenAIRE

    Permwall, Oskar

    1991-01-01

    A Sketch is a categorical tool for presenting theories. This is a commented bibliography on sketches and their use within some areas of computer science. References to work on sketches not primarily related to computer science are also provided.

  1. Dressing and Hair-Styling Virtual Characters from a Sketch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wither, Jamie; Cani, Marie-Paule

    This chapter presents a different use of sketch-based modeling, namely the modeling of complex objects from a single sketch, illustrated by the examples of dressing and hairstyling a virtual character. Knowing the nature of the object being modeled eases the extraction of information from a sketch, so that a single sketch depicting a front view (and optionally a second one from the back or side) is sufficient to specify these complex 3D shapes. We show how different levels of prior knowledge about the object being modeled, from basic rules of thumb to more intricate geometric or physically based properties, can be used to interpret the sketch strokes and to infer the missing 3D information, leading to different degrees of visual realism. In addition to discussing practical solutions for the sketch-based modeling of garments and hair that save several orders of magnitude of user time compared to standard 3D modeling methods, this chapter provides the basis of a general methodology towards the design of sketch-based interfaces for complex models.

  2. Detector and Event Visualization with SketchUp at the CMS Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuma, Tai; McCauley, Thomas

    2014-06-01

    We have created 3D models of the CMS detector and particle collision events in SketchUp, a 3D modelling program. SketchUp provides a Ruby API which we use to interface with the CMS Detector Description to create 3D models of the CMS detector. With the Ruby API, we also have created an interface to the JSON-based event format used for the iSpy event display to create 3D models of CMS events. These models have many applications related to 3D representation of the CMS detector and events. Figures produced based on these models were used in conference presentations, journal publications, technical design reports for the detector upgrades, art projects, outreach programs, and other presentations.

  3. Detector and event visualization with SketchUp at the CMS experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Sakuma, Tai

    2014-01-01

    We have created 3D models of the CMS detector and particle collision events in SketchUp, a 3D modelling program. SketchUp provides a Ruby API which we use to interface with the CMS Detector Description to create 3D models of the CMS detector. With the Ruby API, we also have created an interface to the JSON-based event format used for the iSpy event display to create 3D models of CMS events. These models have many applications related to 3D representation of the CMS detector and events. Figures produced based on these models were used in conference presentations, journal publications, technical design reports for the detector upgrades, art projects, outreach programs, and other presentations.

  4. Application of SketchUp in architectural design%SketchUp在建筑设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王修贵

    2008-01-01

    从国内建筑行业实际出发,利用SketchUp软件的特点及基本功能,结合建筑设计的工作特点,全面剖析SketchUp在辅助建筑设计方面的应用,指出SketchUp软件在一定程度上提高了设计的工作效率和成果质量,值得推广使用.

  5. Mathematical Sketching: An Approach to Making Dynamic Illustrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laviola, Joseph J.

    Mathematical sketching is a pen-based, gestural interaction paradigm for mathematics problem solving. It derives from the familiar pencil-and-paper process of drawing supporting diagrams to facilitate the formulation of mathematical expressions; however, with mathematical sketching, users can also leverage their physical intuition by watching their hand-drawn diagrams animate in response to continuous or discrete parameter changes in their written formulas. Diagram animation is driven by implicit associations that are inferred, either automatically or with gestural guidance, from mathematical expressions, diagram labels, and drawing elements. In this chapter, we discuss the important issues related to the mathematical sketching paradigm such as the development of a fluid gestural user interface, recognition of mathematical expressions, and the preparation and translation of mathematical sketches into animated illustrations.

  6. Aplikasi Tiga Dimensi (3D): GoogleSketchUp

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Sketchup adalah sebuah program aplikasi komputer untuk membuat model 3 Dimensi (3-D) atas benda-benda fisik seperti gedung-gedung, peralatan rumah tangga, disain tata ruang dan sebagainya. Disain arsitektur merupakan salah satu aplikasi pemakaian SketchUp. Sebelum ada Google Building Maker, SketchUp adalah satu-satunya program aplikasi yang dipakai untuk membuat bangunan-bangunan 3-Dimensi yang anda. Sebetulnya sebelumnya sudah banyak program aplikasi pembuatan model 3-D seperti ini bered...

  7. Aircraft Conceptual Design Using Vehicle Sketch Pad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredericks, William J.; Antcliff, Kevin R.; Costa, Guillermo; Deshpande, Nachiket; Moore, Mark D.; Miguel, Edric A. San; Snyder, Alison N.

    2010-01-01

    Vehicle Sketch Pad (VSP) is a parametric geometry modeling tool that is intended for use in the conceptual design of aircraft. The intent of this software is to rapidly model aircraft configurations without expending the expertise and time that is typically required for modeling with traditional Computer Aided Design (CAD) packages. VSP accomplishes this by using parametrically defined components, such as a wing that is defined by span, area, sweep, taper ratio, thickness to cord, and so on. During this phase of frequent design builds, changes to the model can be rapidly visualized along with the internal volumetric layout. Using this geometry-based approach, parameters such as wetted areas and cord lengths can be easily extracted for rapid external performance analyses, such as a parasite drag buildup. At the completion of the conceptual design phase, VSP can export its geometry to higher fidelity tools. This geometry tool was developed by NASA and is freely available to U.S. companies and universities. It has become integral to conceptual design in the Aeronautics Systems Analysis Branch (ASAB) here at NASA Langley Research Center and is currently being used at over 100 universities, aerospace companies, and other government agencies. This paper focuses on the use of VSP in recent NASA conceptual design studies to facilitate geometry-centered design methodology. Such a process is shown to promote greater levels of creativity, more rapid assessment of critical design issues, and improved ability to quickly interact with higher order analyses. A number of VSP vehicle model examples are compared to CAD-based conceptual design, from a designer perspective; comparisons are also made of the time and expertise required to build the geometry representations as well.

  8. The Role of Sketching States in the Stimulation of Idea Generation: An Eye Movement Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lingyun; Xiang, Wei; Yang, Cheng; Yang, Zhiyuan; Lou, Yun

    2014-01-01

    Sketching is widely used in design to generate creative ideas. Design studies present stimuli during sketching to enhance creativity. This study examines the effect of stimuli presented during different sketching states, especially of those presented during the stuck period. It conducted a sketching experiment that enrolled 41 students with an…

  9. Grade point average and biographical data in personal resumes: predictors of finding employment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sulastri, A.; Handoko, M.; Janssens, J.M.A.M.

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to examine relationships between graduates' grade point average (GPA), biographical data and success in finding a job in general and a psychology-based job in particular. Two hundred six psychology graduates participated in a two-wave longitudinal study. Biographical data assessed w

  10. [Alexander Pushkin's duel--biographic and medical aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangen, J M

    2000-04-10

    The great Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin (1799-1837) died 46 hours after being wounded by a pistol shot in a duel. The bullet penetrated the right pelvic bone, continued through the lower abdomen, and crushed the right part of the sacral bone. Biographical events leading to the duel are presented in the article, which also reviews articles in Russian medical journals describing the extent of the trauma and discussing the treatment possibilities at the time of the duel as well as present-day treatment. It is concluded that death was caused by peritonitis and that only modern extensive abdominal and orthopaedic surgery combined with antibiotic treatment could have saved the poet's life.

  11. [The dual condemnation of Gramsci. A tentative biographical interpretation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudas, N

    1991-01-01

    This study proposes a "biographical" approach using a particular heuristic method. The structure of an important and significant letter written by Gramsci while in prison is analysed in this light. This interpretation leads us to the conclusion that, at the time of writing, Gramsci was in full possession of all his mental faculties, although worried by his long imprisonment and smitten by a profound disillusion as a result of the deformation of the "socialist" system. The victim of a "dual seclusion", he was not only able to make an exhaustive analysis of the situation, but in a certain sense he also succeeded in predicting the tragic events which were taking shape on the historical-political horizon of the world to which he belonged.

  12. Biographical reconstruction of WWII experience: an exploration of German remembrance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmann, R; Heuft, G

    1997-01-01

    First results of the Eldermensch-Study (N = 50) indicate that German National Socialism and the historical events associated with World War II play a central role in the oral histories of older Germans. Six distinct patterns of late life cognitive appraisal of war-time experience: survival challenge (further divided into "active" and "passive" survivorship), passive benefit, opportunism, value verification, and acceptance despite hardship are presented and discussed as structural themes in the life story. These categories not only represent interindividual differences in the appraisal of war-time experience, but often reflect contrasting patterns of personal response to the social and political circumstances of this era of German history. In addition to cohort and gender differences, divergence in locus of control orientation as well as the role of social bonding and instrumental social support are discussed. Differences revealed in the biographical interviews are further reflected in the results of standardized questionnaires.

  13. Geoillustrator - fast sketching of geological illustrations and animations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Daniel; Langeland, Tor; Solteszova, Veronika

    2014-05-01

    We present our research results in the Geoillustrator project. The project has been going for four years and is ending in March. It was aimed at developing a rapid sketching tool for generating geological illustrations and animations for understanding the processes that have led to a current subsurface configuration. The sketching tool facilitates effective dissemination of ideas, e.g. through generation of interactive geo-scientific illustrations for interdisciplinary communication and communication to decision makers, media and lay persons. This can improve work processes in early phases of oil and gas exploration where critical decisions have to be taken based on limited information. It is a challenge for involved specialists in early exploration phases to externalize their ideas, and effectively achieve consensus in multidisciplinary working groups. In these work processes, a tool for rapid sketching of geology would be very useful for expressing geological hypotheses and creating and comparing different evolution scenarios. Often, decisions are influenced by factors that are not relevant, e.g. the geologists who produce the most polished illustrations of their hypothesis have a higher probability for getting their theories through to decision makers as it is more clearly communicated. This results in a competitive advantage for geologists who are skilled in creating illustrations. Having a tool that would lift the ability of all geologists to express their ideas to an equal level would result in more alternatives and better foundation for decision making. Digital sketching will also allow capturing otherwise lost material which can constitute a large amount of mental work and ideas. The results of sketching are currently scrapped as paper or erased from the blackboard or exist only as rough personal sketches. By using a digital sketching tool, the sketches can be exported to a form usable in modelling tools used in later phases of exploration. Currently, no

  14. Comprehending 3D Diagrams: Sketching to Support Spatial Reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnier, Kristin M; Atit, Kinnari; Ormand, Carol J; Shipley, Thomas F

    2016-11-25

    Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines commonly illustrate 3D relationships in diagrams, yet these are often challenging for students. Failing to understand diagrams can hinder success in STEM because scientific practice requires understanding and creating diagrammatic representations. We explore a new approach to improving student understanding of diagrams that convey 3D relations that is based on students generating their own predictive diagrams. Participants' comprehension of 3D spatial diagrams was measured in a pre- and post-design where students selected the correct 2D slice through 3D geologic block diagrams. Generating sketches that predicated the internal structure of a model led to greater improvement in diagram understanding than visualizing the interior of the model without sketching, or sketching the model without attempting to predict unseen spatial relations. In addition, we found a positive correlation between sketched diagram accuracy and improvement on the diagram comprehension measure. Results suggest that generating a predictive diagram facilitates students' abilities to make inferences about spatial relationships in diagrams. Implications for use of sketching in supporting STEM learning are discussed.

  15. Bio-inspired color sketch for eco-friendly printing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safonov, Ilia V.; Tolstaya, Ekaterina V.; Rychagov, Michael N.; Lee, Hokeun; Kim, Sang Ho; Choi, Donchul

    2012-01-01

    Saving of toner/ink consumption is an important task in modern printing devices. It has a positive ecological and social impact. We propose technique for converting print-job pictures to a recognizable and pleasant color sketches. Drawing a "pencil sketch" from a photo relates to a special area in image processing and computer graphics - non-photorealistic rendering. We describe a new approach for automatic sketch generation which allows to create well-recognizable sketches and to preserve partly colors of the initial picture. Our sketches contain significantly less color dots then initial images and this helps to save toner/ink. Our bio-inspired approach is based on sophisticated edge detection technique for a mask creation and multiplication of source image with increased contrast by this mask. To construct the mask we use DoG edge detection, which is a result of blending of initial image with its blurred copy through the alpha-channel, which is created from Saliency Map according to Pre-attentive Human Vision model. Measurement of percentage of saved toner and user study proves effectiveness of proposed technique for toner saving in eco-friendly printing mode.

  16. Auditory Sketches: Very Sparse Representations of Sounds Are Still Recognizable.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Isnard

    Full Text Available Sounds in our environment like voices, animal calls or musical instruments are easily recognized by human listeners. Understanding the key features underlying this robust sound recognition is an important question in auditory science. Here, we studied the recognition by human listeners of new classes of sounds: acoustic and auditory sketches, sounds that are severely impoverished but still recognizable. Starting from a time-frequency representation, a sketch is obtained by keeping only sparse elements of the original signal, here, by means of a simple peak-picking algorithm. Two time-frequency representations were compared: a biologically grounded one, the auditory spectrogram, which simulates peripheral auditory filtering, and a simple acoustic spectrogram, based on a Fourier transform. Three degrees of sparsity were also investigated. Listeners were asked to recognize the category to which a sketch sound belongs: singing voices, bird calls, musical instruments, and vehicle engine noises. Results showed that, with the exception of voice sounds, very sparse representations of sounds (10 features, or energy peaks, per second could be recognized above chance. No clear differences could be observed between the acoustic and the auditory sketches. For the voice sounds, however, a completely different pattern of results emerged, with at-chance or even below-chance recognition performances, suggesting that the important features of the voice, whatever they are, were removed by the sketch process. Overall, these perceptual results were well correlated with a model of auditory distances, based on spectro-temporal excitation patterns (STEPs. This study confirms the potential of these new classes of sounds, acoustic and auditory sketches, to study sound recognition.

  17. Auditory Sketches: Very Sparse Representations of Sounds Are Still Recognizable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isnard, Vincent; Taffou, Marine; Viaud-Delmon, Isabelle; Suied, Clara

    2016-01-01

    Sounds in our environment like voices, animal calls or musical instruments are easily recognized by human listeners. Understanding the key features underlying this robust sound recognition is an important question in auditory science. Here, we studied the recognition by human listeners of new classes of sounds: acoustic and auditory sketches, sounds that are severely impoverished but still recognizable. Starting from a time-frequency representation, a sketch is obtained by keeping only sparse elements of the original signal, here, by means of a simple peak-picking algorithm. Two time-frequency representations were compared: a biologically grounded one, the auditory spectrogram, which simulates peripheral auditory filtering, and a simple acoustic spectrogram, based on a Fourier transform. Three degrees of sparsity were also investigated. Listeners were asked to recognize the category to which a sketch sound belongs: singing voices, bird calls, musical instruments, and vehicle engine noises. Results showed that, with the exception of voice sounds, very sparse representations of sounds (10 features, or energy peaks, per second) could be recognized above chance. No clear differences could be observed between the acoustic and the auditory sketches. For the voice sounds, however, a completely different pattern of results emerged, with at-chance or even below-chance recognition performances, suggesting that the important features of the voice, whatever they are, were removed by the sketch process. Overall, these perceptual results were well correlated with a model of auditory distances, based on spectro-temporal excitation patterns (STEPs). This study confirms the potential of these new classes of sounds, acoustic and auditory sketches, to study sound recognition.

  18. From Pen-and-Paper Sketches to Prototypes: The Advanced Interaction Design Environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Störrle, Harald

    2014-01-01

    Pen and paper is still the best tool for sketching GUIs. How-ever, sketches cannot be executed, at best we have facilitated or animated scenarios. The Advanced User Interaction Environment facilitates turn-ing hand-drawn sketches into executable prototypes.......Pen and paper is still the best tool for sketching GUIs. How-ever, sketches cannot be executed, at best we have facilitated or animated scenarios. The Advanced User Interaction Environment facilitates turn-ing hand-drawn sketches into executable prototypes....

  19. THE OLIGARCH AND THE PAINTBRUSHES: A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF ANDREU GARCIA, PRIEST = EL OLIGARCA Y LOS PINCELES: BREVE SEMBLANZA DEL PRESBÍTERO ANDREU GARCÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Encarna Montero Tortajada

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The documents regarding the Valencian priest Andreu Garcia († November 1452 show a quite interesting character. Garcia’s family belonged to local oligarchy. Moreover, he had a substantial income related with the Cathedral. He had contact, too, with Carthusians, Observant Friars and probably with Beghards (the books of his library suggest this last idea. Garcia took part, as an intermediary or as a sponsor, in many artistic orders that involved the best workers and the best customers of the city. Besides, he had a strong relationship with painters like Simó Llobregat, Jaume Mateu, Gonçal Sarrià and Joan Reixac. The priest could also have practiced painting, judging by the belongings that were found in his house after his death.La documentación referida al presbítero valenciano Andreu Garcia, muerto en noviembre de 1452, dibuja un perfil bien particular. Garcia fue miembro desde su nacimiento de la oligarquía ciudadana. Presbítero beneficiado en la Catedral, se relacionó también con la orden cartujana, con los franciscanos observantes y probablemente con los beguinos (los títulos de su biblioteca apuntan también a una espiritualidad afín a estos grupos. Además, participó como mediador o como promotor en muchos encargos que implicaron a lo más granado de la menestralía artística local, y a los clientes más notables de la ciudad. Más allá de esto, mantuvo fuertes vínculos personales con varios artistas (sobre todo con Simó Llobregat, Jaume Mateu, Gonçal Sarrià y Joan Reixac, y parece ser que practicó él mismo la pintura, a juzgar por los enseres que se encontraron en su domicilio tras su muerte.

  20. Congratulation to Professor Renyuan Qian on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday——Biographic Sketch of Professor Renyuan Qian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    @@ Renyuan Qian was born on September 19, 1917 in Changshu, Jiangsu province.He graduated from the Chemistry Department of Zhejiang University in 1939. In the year of 1943, he went to the United States to take postgraduate studies mainly in the University of Wisconsin.

  1. Congratulations to Professor He Binglin on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday——Biographic Sketch of Professor He Binglin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    @@ He Binglin was born on August 24, 1918 in Fanyu County, Guangdong Province.He graduated from the Chemistry Department of Southwest Associated University in 1942. After graduation he worked in Chongqing Central Institute of Industry for one year as an assistant engineer and then returned to his Alma Mater University worked as an assistant. In the year 1947 he went to the United States for advanced study. He was conferred the title of Ph.D. of Chemistry of Indiana University in 1952.

  2. A Biographical Sketch of Bo Yi who is Forefather of Qin People%秦人先祖伯益事迹考略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雍际春; 王宏谋

    2014-01-01

    Bo Yi ,was also named as Da Fei after the myth bird worshipped in his tribal society .He is the forefather of the people surnamed Ying .Bo Yi lived through the three prehistoric dynasties of China :Yao , Shun and Yu ,while he only took office in the latter two dynasties as the official in charge of national re-sources management .During his lifetime ,he dedicated himself to the public works of water network con-trol ,and assisted Emperor Yu to appease the riots of San Miao tribes .Bo Yi specialized in fletching , schaft sinking and forecasting the harvest of the coming year .He advocated that the society be governed by the highest measure of law and morality ,and he supported the public policies catering for the needs of the rank and file .For his outstanding contribution ,Bo Yi was appointed as successor of Emperor Yu ,but he was murdered by Xia Qi ,a son of Yu .Bo Yi had three fieds :Fei ,Ying and Qin .Among them ,Fei was the place where his tribe originally inhabited .Ying was the fief which surnamed his people and Qin became the very land that the offspring of the Qin people thrived on .%伯益本名大费,为嬴姓之祖,其名号与本部族玄鸟崇拜有关。伯益历事尧、舜、禹三朝,事迹主要在舜、禹两朝。其事迹主要有佐禹平治水土,担任朕虞执掌山林川泽,佐禹平三苗之乱,长于占岁、凿井和造箭,提倡德治法度、主张勤政爱民等五个方面。伯益因功勋卓著而成为大禹选定的继承人,但后被大禹之子夏启所杀。伯益曾获三个封地:“费”为伯益固有居地,“嬴”乃伯益获姓受封之地,“秦”为最后所封之地。嬴秦先祖历史由伯益而展开。

  3. A BIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF ISAMBARD KINGDOM BRUNEL AS INSIGHT INTO ENTREPRENEURIAL MARKETING ENDEAVOUR

    OpenAIRE

    IAN FILLIS; RUTH HERMAN

    2005-01-01

    This paper focuses on a biographical approach to entrepreneurial marketing research. Conventional research methodologies such as in-depth interview and questionnaires have a range of advantages, disadvantages and bias. Biographical research can result in the generation of longitudinal data which can be triangulated with data and theory from these more conventional approaches in order to enhance understanding of entrepreneurial marketing behaviour. In marketing, formal prescriptions of stepwis...

  4. Towards establishing biographical and business background profiles of entrepreneurs from two ethnic and gender groups

    OpenAIRE

    J. L. Schutte; A. B. Boshoff; H. F. Bennett

    1995-01-01

    The literature on the biographical backgrounds of entrepreneurs seems to contain many contradictory findings. This situation can partly be due to the assumption that samples of entrepreneurs were homogeneous rather than heterogeneous. It appears as if female entrepreneurs have been less well researched than their male counterparts. Differences in the biographical backgrounds and business situation of, respectively, the white and the black entrepreneurs in South Africa have been assumed but li...

  5. "Life in Brackets": Biographical Uncertainties of HIV-Positive Women in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Burchardt, Marian

    2010-01-01

    As South Africa is witnessing a maturing AIDS epidemic, the experience and impact of the disease are written ever more firmly into the biographical self-constructions of the infected. In this article, I explore typical strategies of dealing with uncertainties arising from new challenges, after the shock of ontological insecurity ensuing from the diagnosis, has been overcome. The analysis is based on contrasting interpretations of problem-centered biographical interviews with HIV-positive Sout...

  6. Virology Experts in the Boundary Zone Between Science, Policy and the Public: A Biographical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Rijswoud, E. van

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to open up the biographical black box of three experts working in the boundary zone between science, policy and public debate. A biographical-narrative approach is used to analyse the roles played by the virologists Albert Osterhaus, Roel Coutinho and Jaap Goudsmit in policy and public debate. These figures were among the few leading virologists visibly active in the Netherlands during the revival of infectious diseases in the 1980s. Osterhaus and Coutinho in particular are ...

  7. The Role of Mental Models in Collaborative Sketching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Wei; Sun, Lingyun; Chen, Shi; Yang, Zhiyuan; Liu, Zheng

    2015-01-01

    Designers often collaborate to explore creative ideas, especially during the early stages of conceptual design, and their mental models, as the framework of design tasks, greatly influence the collaborative sketching process. Such models have multiple kinds of differences and each kind might have unique effects, yet previous studies analyzed these…

  8. The Wise Fool Djuha – a Quick Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Grigore

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper entitled The wise fool Djuha – a quick sketch presents the origin of the very known hero of Arabic folk literature, Djuha, the features of his personality, his travel to the all cultures of the world, his relation with another character, the Turk Nasreddin Hodja, and his adaptation to the problems of the contemporary world.

  9. Investigating User Experiences Through Animation-based Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter; Poulsen, Søren Bolvig

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of animation-based sketching as an approach to explore diegetic designs in the fuzzy front-end ideation of the design process. We present the results from a design workshop with more than 200 partic- ipating design students, and 16 companies. The participants used...

  10. RDF SKETCH MAPS - KNOWLEDGE COMPLEXITY REDUCTION FOR PRECISION MEDICINE ANALYTICS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanintorn, Nattapon; Wang, Juexin; Ersoy, Ilker; Al-Taie, Zainab; Jiang, Yuexu; Wang, Duolin; Verma, Megha; Joshi, Trupti; Hammer, Richard; Xu, Dong; Shin, Dmitriy

    2016-01-01

    Realization of precision medicine ideas requires significant research effort to be able to spot subtle differences in complex diseases at the molecular level to develop personalized therapies. It is especially important in many cases of highly heterogeneous cancers. Precision diagnostics and therapeutics of such diseases demands interrogation of vast amounts of biological knowledge coupled with novel analytic methodologies. For instance, pathway-based approaches can shed light on the way tumorigenesis takes place in individual patient cases and pinpoint to novel drug targets. However, comprehensive analysis of hundreds of pathways and thousands of genes creates a combinatorial explosion, that is challenging for medical practitioners to handle at the point of care. Here we extend our previous work on mapping clinical omics data to curated Resource Description Framework (RDF) knowledge bases to derive influence diagrams of interrelationships of biomarker proteins, diseases and signal transduction pathways for personalized theranostics. We present RDF Sketch Maps - a computational method to reduce knowledge complexity for precision medicine analytics. The method of RDF Sketch Maps is inspired by the way a sketch artist conveys only important visual information and discards other unnecessary details. In our case, we compute and retain only so-called RDF Edges - places with highly important diagnostic and therapeutic information. To do this we utilize 35 maps of human signal transduction pathways by transforming 300 KEGG maps into highly processable RDF knowledge base. We have demonstrated potential clinical utility of RDF Sketch Maps in hematopoietic cancers, including analysis of pathways associated with Hairy Cell Leukemia (HCL) and Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) where we achieved up to 20-fold reduction in the number of biological entities to be analyzed, while retaining most likely important entities. In experiments with pathways associated with HCL a generated RDF

  11. Context, Experience, Expectation, and Action—Towards an Empirically Grounded, General Model for Analyzing Biographical Uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herwig Reiter

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a general, empirically grounded model for analyzing biographical uncertainty. The model is based on findings from a qualitative-explorative study of transforming meanings of unemployment among young people in post-Soviet Lithuania. In a first step, the particular features of the uncertainty puzzle in post-communist youth transitions are briefly discussed. A historical event like the collapse of state socialism in Europe, similar to the recent financial and economic crisis, is a generator of uncertainty par excellence: it undermines the foundations of societies and the taken-for-grantedness of related expectations. Against this background, the case of a young woman and how she responds to the novel threat of unemployment in the transition to the world of work is introduced. Her uncertainty management in the specific time perspective of certainty production is then conceptually rephrased by distinguishing three types or levels of biographical uncertainty: knowledge, outcome, and recognition uncertainty. Biographical uncertainty, it is argued, is empirically observable through the analysis of acting and projecting at the biographical level. The final part synthesizes the empirical findings and the conceptual discussion into a stratification model of biographical uncertainty as a general tool for the biographical analysis of uncertainty phenomena. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100120

  12. LE PARENT BIOGRAPHE. ÉTUDE DES ECRITURES PARENTALES ET JOURNAUX DE NAISSANCE. PARENT BIOGRAPHERS. FAMILY SCRIPTURES AND BIRTH DIARIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francis, Véronique

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article examine les écritures parentales autour de la naissance et de la prime enfance. Bribes biographiques ou énoncés développés accompagnant ou non la photographie, ces écrits peuvent s’insérer dans les rubriques d’un journal de naissance du secteur de l’édition, être archivés dans un cahier au nom de l’enfant ou s’afficher sur Internet grâce au support électronique du blog. Plusieurs études qualitatives (FRANCIS, 2006, 2007, 2010 ont permis de croiser différents types de données : la structure et l’organisation de journaux de naissance, les textes réalisés par les futurs parents et parents, ainsi que des entretiens réalisés auprès des familles - parents et enfants - ayant pour objectif d’aborder les pratiques familiales autour de ces objets. Les résultats montrent que les écritures parentales donnent à voir des représentations sur la famille, l’enfance et le rôle du parent. A la frontière des « écritures du moi » et des « écrits pour autrui » (SIMONET-TENANT, 2001 ; LEJEUNE et BOGAERT, 2006 les journaux de naissance peuvent être définis comme des objets à connotation mémorielle. Ils sont l’occasion d’activités langagières qui cherchent, dans un premier temps, à fixer par l’écrit et l’image l’histoire familiale puis, dans un second temps, à évoquer et transmettre la mémoire familiale. Si l’étude des pratiques familiales autour des blogs et journaux de naissance souligne les figures du parent biographe (FRANCIS, 2006 et le rôle de l’enfant, elle situe également l’activité biographique du parent dans son ampleur socialisatrice.This paper examines the parental writings about birth and infancy. Biographic fragments or texts, with or without photographies, can fit into the sections of a baby record book. They can also be archived in babies’ diaries or on the Internet, in the family’s blog. Several qualitative researches (FRANCIS, 2006, 2007, 2010 cross various

  13. The Pasteurization of Marie Curie: A (meta)biographical experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirtén, Eva Hemmungs

    2015-08-01

    Biographies of scientists occupy a liminal space, highly popular with general readers but questioned in academia. Nonetheless, in recent years, historians of science have not only embraced the genre with more enthusiasm and less guilt, they have also turned to the metabiography in order to renew the study and story of scientists' roles. This essay focuses on Marie Curie, the world's most famous female scientist, in order to unpack some of the theoretical and methodological claims of the science biography, and especially to address the sexing mechanisms at play in the construction of the biographical subject. Pierre Curie (1923), Marie's biography of her husband Pierre, paid tribute to her dead husband and collaborator, but also allowed Curie a legitimate outlet to construct her own persona and legacy. Categories such as personhood, person, and persona are not only central to the biography genre but also are essential to the sense of self and self-fashioning of scientists. Looking at how Marie Curie negotiated these categories in Pierre Curie not only gives new insight into Curie's self-fashioning strategies but may also shed some light on the more general analytical lacunae of the science biography.

  14. Using Participatory, Visual and Biographical Methods with Roma Youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Marcu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with drug use by young Roma as members of a marginalized population. It reflects on the use of collages and of metaphor analysis on images produced by participants within an action-research approach. Additionally, various stakeholders were involved in a participatory manner in defining research questions, priorities and strategies. In order to understand young Roma's perceptions on drugs, 23 visual focus groups and 58 life-story interviews were conducted in five European countries. In the focus groups, young people built collages to represent drugs and then explained their meanings. Metaphor analysis was used to analyze the data. With the biographical interviews, histories of consumption from drug users were gathered. Among the trends identified are the early onset of tobacco use, exposure to consumption of alcohol by adults, underestimation of the consequences of many drugs, addiction to injecting drug use in specific areas. Gender roles are strongly associated with patterns of consumption. Roma young people also express belonging and reclaim positive social status by using certain types of drugs and by sharing consumption patterns with non-minority young people. The research process also illustrates how qualitative research can contribute to selective prevention programs. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs160155

  15. Ingmar Bergman, the biographical legend and the intermedialities of memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maaret Koskinen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ingmar Bergman (1918–2007 wrote his autobiography The Magic Lantern (Laterna magica, 1987 5 years after he had finished his film career with Fanny and Alexander, his last feature made for the cinema screen. This arguably marked the second stage of his strictly literary career, the first being his plays for the stage in the 1940s. The Magic Lantern is of interest from an intermedial perspective in its forthright theatricalization or cinematization of the written text and the self-conscious performativity of its authorial voice. Of particular interest is the way the narrator turns into a kind of distanciated autobiographical witness, which in turn reminds the reader of the inherent narrative split in the autobiographical genre between the enunciating subject speaking from the present, and the described subject, the younger self in the past. In doing so the narrator seems to turn language itself into a performative venue: the medium of words becomes a theatrical stage or a cinematically charged mise-en-scène for memory as such.This is of course not only stylistically elegant, for what can be more natural than a film- and theater director who, as the very title of the autobiography announces, turns memories into cinematic and theatrical performances? But even more interesting is the extent to which Bergman in doing so seems to conjur forth his biographical legend, reminding the reader of who is in charge of text: the narrator becomes the director of the text, so to speak, lighting and setting the stage.Besides this artful approach, Bergman also clearly fictionalized his life in other ways, which is corroborated by the private note books and original manuscripts that the writer of this paper has gained access to.

  16. An Evaluation of a Language for Paper-based Form Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farruglia, Phillip; Borg, Johnathan; Camilleri, K.P.

    2006-01-01

    between paper-based form sketching and CAGM systems. Evaluation results revealed that whilst PSL is easy-to-learn, yet it requires improvements. Such a sketching language contributes a step towards simulating early form design solutions by the combined use of paper-based sketches and 3D models....... form idea. The research disclosed in this paper is aimed at combining the benefits of paper-based freehand sketches with those of three-dimensional (3D) models. More specifically, this paper reports the on-going development of a prescribed sketching language (PSL) required to create a seamless link...

  17. Solar sketching a comprehensive guide to drawing the sun

    CERN Document Server

    Rix, Erika; Russell, Sally; Handy, Richard

    2015-01-01

    From the authors of Sketching the Moon comes a comprehensive guide filled with richly illustrated, detailed drawing tutorials that cover a variety of solar phenomena. Time-honored, traditional methods and media are described in tandem with innovative techniques developed and shared by contemporary astronomical sketchers. Explanations of what to expect visually from white light, Hydrogen-alpha and Calcium K filters are provided for those new to solar observing, along with essential tips on equipment, observing techniques and the practicalities of drawing at the eyepiece. For the technically minded, detailed descriptions are given on how to use image manipulation software to bring your sketches to life through animation.   The Sun is the most visually dynamic object in our solar system and offers compelling, spectacular views. Knotted magnetic field lines give rise to powerful eruptions and form the intricate sunspots and arching prominences that make our nearest star one of the most exciting, yet challenging,...

  18. Innovative Tools for Sound Sketching Combining Vocalizations and Gesture

    OpenAIRE

    Houix, Olivier; Delle Monache, Stefano; Lachambre, Hélène; Bevilacqua, Frédéric; Rocchesso, Davide; Lemaitre, Guillaume

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Designers are used to produce a variety of physical and digital representations at different stages of the design process. These intermediary objects (IOs) do support the externalization of ideas and the mediation with the different stakeholders. In the same manner, sound designers deliver several intermediate sounds to their clients, through iteration and refinement. In fact, these preliminary sounds are sound sketches representing the intermediate steps of an evolvin...

  19. Ethical Selves: A Sketch for a Theory of Relational Authenticity

    OpenAIRE

    Natalie Fletcher

    2013-01-01

    Philosophers who show interest in authenticity tend to narrowly focus on its capacity to help people evade conformity and affirm individuality, a simplistic reduction that neglects authenticity’s moral potential and gives credence to the many critics who dismiss it as a euphemism for excessive individualism. Yet when conceived relationally, authenticity can also allow for worthy human flourishing without falling prey to conformity’s opposite extreme—egoism. This essay proposes a sketch for a ...

  20. The special status of mathematical probability: a historical sketch

    OpenAIRE

    De Scheemaekere, Xavier; Szafarz, Ariane

    2008-01-01

    The history of the mathematical probability includes two phases: 1) From Pascal and Fermat to Laplace, the theory gained in application fields; 2) In the first half of the 20th Century, two competing axiomatic systems were respectively proposed by von Mises in 1919 and Kolmogorov in 1933. This paper places this historical sketch in the context of the philosophical complexity of the probability concept and explains the resounding success of Kolmogorov’s theory through its ability to avoid dire...

  1. Modeling Conservative Updates in Multi-Hash Approximate Count Sketches

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Multi-hash-based count sketches are fast and memory efficient probabilistic data structures that are widely used in scalable online traffic monitoring applications. Their accuracy significantly improves with an optimization, called conservative update, which is especially effective when the aim is to discriminate a relatively small number of heavy hitters in a traffic stream consisting of an extremely large number of flows. Despite its widespread application, a thorough u...

  2. THE METHOD OF SKETCHES AS AN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY FOR TRAINING SESSIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsatsenko L. V.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The work considers the method of sketches or visual notes which plays a basic role in the development of training courses. We have focused on the method of sketches as "a variety of visual notes, consisting of handwritten text, drawings, diagrams, figurative elements". For immersion of the student into the subject area or object of study, the visualization of the material is an effective technique of knowledge. Cognitive function is manifested through the ability to know the object by the image and the further formation of ideas about the structure of the material being studied. It is noted, that visual methods and techniques are especially effective in the first stage of researches. Then, there is the collection of material, knowledge of the research object. Types of pumpkins were the object of research, presented the works of artists of different periods. The collection consists of 120 images that were collected in the period from 2012 to 2016. In the work, the attempt is made using the method of visual notes and visual techniques to build images of plants pumpkins which displayed in art works of different centuries and interpreted as "a kind of door" through which we can enter in our area (introduction history of culture, archaeogenetic, developmental biology, the history of selection

  3. Efficient Computation of Distance Sketches in Distributed Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Sarma, Atish Das; Pandurangan, Gopal

    2011-01-01

    Distance computation is one of the most fundamental primitives used in communication networks. The cost of effectively and accurately computing pairwise network distances can become prohibitive in large-scale networks such as the Internet and Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks. To negotiate the rising need for very efficient distance computation, approximation techniques for numerous variants of this question have recently received significant attention in the literature. The goal is to preprocess the graph and store a small amount of information such that whenever a query for any pairwise distance is issued, the distance can be well approximated (i.e., with small stretch) very quickly in an online fashion. Specifically, the pre-processing (usually) involves storing a small sketch with each node, such that at query time only the sketches of the concerned nodes need to be looked up to compute the approximate distance. In this paper, we present the first theoretical study of distance sketches derived from distance ora...

  4. Biographical Self-Reflection as a Resource for Personal Development in Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klementyeva M.V.,

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the stages in the development of mind in adults related to biographical self-reflection. The hypothesis of the study was that biographical self-reflection affects meaning-making, self-regulation and adaptation in the adults. The sample consisted of 480 individuals aged 25—65 years. The study measured indicators of biographical self-reflection, social psychological adaptation, life meaningfulness and self-regu- lation. We have found that in the age period of 46-65 years there is a shift from self-reflection on the path of life to self-reflection on life experience, which reinforces the influence of biographical self-reflection on the meaningfulness of life and self-regulation in the adults. Our study also revealed increases in biographical self-reflection at the beginning of age crises in adulthood (30—35, 40—45, 55—60 years when, as a result of reflective analysis, the adult realizes the need for change in his/her life.

  5. Fundadores de la Primera Escuela de Veterinaria de Cuba: Síntesis Biográfica (Founders of the First School of Veterinary Science in Cuba: Biographical synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silveira Prado, Enrique A

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl 10 de abril de 1907 se fundó en La Habana la Escuela Libre de Veterinaria, primera institución para la enseñanza formal de la veterinaria en Cuba, gracias al esfuerzo personal de varios veterinarios graduados en universidades extranjeras, uno de ellos natural de España. En el presente trabajo se presenta un esbozo biográfico de los fundadores, los que además de ser protagonistas de este hecho histórico para la veterinaria cubana que recientemente cumplió su centenario, se convirtieron posteriormente en relevantes figuras de la profesión en Cuba y gozaron del merecido prestigio y reconocimiento. AbstractOn April 10, 1907 was founded in Havana the School of Veterinary Science, first institution for the formal teaching of the veterinary science in Cuba, thanks to the personal effort of several veterinarians graduated in foreign universities, one of them born in Spain. In this work is presented a biographical sketch of the founders who besides being main characters of this historical fact for the Cuban veterinary science that recently completed its centennial, they became outstanding figures of the profession later on in Cuba and they enjoyed the deserved prestige and recognition.

  6. From Great Men to Ordinary Citizens? The Biographical Approach to Narrating European Integration in Museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfram Kaiserm

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The history of European integration is not easy to tell – in books or, for that matter, in museums. Most importantly, it appears to lack drama. This lack of drama creates a dilemma for museum practitioners who wish to tell stories about the contemporary history of Europe as shared history. In these circumstances, one prominent way of telling stories about European integration history in museums, and the focus of this article, is the biographical approach. Drawing upon research in all of the museums mentioned in this article and many more, and some 60 interviews with museum practitioners from across Europe, this article first discusses three biographical approaches to narrating European integration history in museums. It proceeds to draw out general conclusions about the prospects of mainstreaming European integration in history museums, and about the particular opportunities and pitfalls of the biographical approach and its different varieties.

  7. Biographical learning in top-level coaching - personal styles and the power of practical sense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    : Biographical learning in top-level coaching - personal styles and the power of practical sense. There is a growing body of studies in sports coaching cultures, comprising research focusing on the individual learning processes and life histories of top-level coaches. Even if top-level sport has become...... increasingly professionalized, the role of the top-level coach and the developmental pathways of the coaches differ widely in both areas of experience and amount of experience. In this paper I draw on theories on biographical learning, idiosyncratic learning and development of coaching expertise. This paper...

  8. Biographical Dictionary of the First Generation of Professors at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Telkes

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the model of studies carried out at the Institut d'histoire moderne et contemporaine on the elites in France, and more specifically on the model of the biographical dictionaries of the professors of the Sorbonne and the Collège de France, we aim at making a biographical dictionary of the professors of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in its first period (1925-1948. This research complements the works of Israeli researchers who, since the seminar organized by Michael Heyd, Israel B...

  9. A Narrative Inquiry of the Sameness of and Difference between My Autobiographical and Biographical Research Methods on New Immigrant Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin

    The sameness of and difference between autobiographical and biographical research methods were studied in this exploration of the researcher's work with six recent female immigrants to Canada, herself and her mother included. The self-study of autobiography and the biographical study of the researcher's mother and four other subjects were similar…

  10. The type locality of Eoperipatus sumatranus (Sedgwick, 1888), with biographical notes on its collector W.J.E. Hekmeijer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lande, van der V.M.; Holthuis, L.B.

    1986-01-01

    Acquisition records of the type material and biographical data of its collector make it likely that the type locality of Eoperipatus sumatranus (Sedgwick) is Mt. Arjuno, E. Java, and not E. Sumatra. Biographical data for W.J.E. Hekmeijer and some of his closest relatives are given.

  11. Fundamentals of sketch-based passwords a general framework

    CERN Document Server

    Riggan, Benjamin S; Wang, Cliff

    2015-01-01

    This SpringerBrief explores graphical password systems and examines novel drawing-based methods in terms of security, usability, and human computer-interactions. It provides a systematic approach for recognizing, comparing, and matching sketch-based passwords in the context of modern computing systems. The book offers both a security and usability analysis of the accumulative framework used for incorporating handwriting biometrics and a human computer-interaction performance analysis. The chapters offer new perspectives and experimental results regarding model uniqueness, recognition tolerance

  12. Ethical Selves: A Sketch for a Theory of Relational Authenticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Fletcher

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Philosophers who show interest in authenticity tend to narrowly focus on its capacity to help people evade conformity and affirm individuality, a simplistic reduction that neglects authenticity’s moral potential and gives credence to the many critics who dismiss it as a euphemism for excessive individualism. Yet when conceived relationally, authenticity can also allow for worthy human flourishing without falling prey to conformity’s opposite extreme—egoism. This essay proposes a sketch for a relational conception of authenticity that can help prevent the often-destructive excess of egoism while also offsetting the undesirable deficiency of heteronomy, concertedly moving agents towards socially responsible living.

  13. A Sketch of Deleuze’s Hermeneutical Spin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilian Margarit

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to sketch the procedural nature of the modus in which Deleuze reads the other philosophers. The hermeneutical problem indicated by the indecision to consider his books on different authors as an authorized interpretation or as fantasist utilization may be scattered if we understand his hermeneutical attempts both as interpretation and construction (concept or problem. In addition, this indecision affects the guild of Deleuzian exegetes in respect to the directory idea (prime author which could point out the general strategy of his philosophy.

  14. Google SketchUp for Game Design Beginner's Guide

    CERN Document Server

    de Jongh, Robin

    2011-01-01

    The book takes a clear, step-by-step approach to building a complete game level using SketchUp with many props and textures. This book is designed for anyone who wants to create entire 3D worlds in freely available game engines such as Unity 3D, CryEngine, Ogre, Panda3D, Unreal Engine, and Blender Game Engine. It also targets all those who wish to create new levels and assets to sell in game asset stores or use in visualization or animation.

  15. Educating for Vocational Excellence: The Auto/Biographical Exploration of Enacted Craft Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Ruhi

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this article is on education for vocational excellence (the combination of virtue and good judgment or phronesis/practical wisdom) through an examination of episodes from the auto/biographical study of master craftsman Wolfgang B. Vocational excellence is an issue sometimes discussed with regard to teacher training for schools and…

  16. Aspirations of a Leader: A Biographical History through a Narrative Lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peeler, Eleanor

    2012-01-01

    Biography is often construed as life story, life history or memoir. The author who narrates the life of another the biographer may skim the surface to relate the events that occurred during the subject's life or dig deeply to explore the social and political issues that shaped her/his development. The subject of this biography is a man who grasped…

  17. Biographical Sources: Architecture, Art, Music, Theatre and Drama. Bibliographic Series No. 16.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Joan

    Sources for biographical information in architecture, art, music, theater, and drama held by the Arkansas University library are listed. Directories, encyclopedias, biographies, bibliographies, and handbooks covering the national and international spectrum are organized by topic, and include some works in French and German. Full bibliographic…

  18. Writing European Lives: Stefan Zweig as a Biographer of Verhaeren, Rolland and Erasmus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensen, M.

    2015-01-01

    The Jewish-Austrian writer Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) was a passionate biographer who wrote about the lives of many influential people in European literature and history. In some of these biographies the genre is consciously employed as a vehicle to express an idea of Europe and foster a sense of belo

  19. Dynamic disconnection of the supplementary motor area after processing of dismissive biographic narratives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borchardt, Viola; Krause, Anna L.; Li, Meng; van Tol, Marie-Jose; Demenescu, Liliana Ramona; Buchheim, Anna; Metzger, Coraline D.; Sweeney-Reed, Catherine M.; Nolte, Tobias; Lord, Anton R.; Walter, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: To understand the interplay between affective social information processing and its influence on mental states we investigated changes in functional connectivity (FC) patterns after audio exposure to emotional biographic narratives. Methods: While lying in the 7T MR scanner, 23 male pa

  20. Application of SketchUp in Architectural Graphing Teaching Reform%SketchUp在《建筑制图》教学改革中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任鲁宁

    2013-01-01

    根据高职《建筑制图》课程改革需要,本文在分析SketchUp特点的基础上,尝试用SketchUp代替传统的模型和图片教学,旨在提高教学的直观性和多样性,加强学生的学习主动性和创造性。%According to the needs of higher vocational Construction Drawings curriculum reform, based on the analysis of the characteristics of SketchUp, this paper tries to use the SketchUp to instead of the traditional teaching model and pictures, to improve the teaching of visual and diversity, and strengthen the students' learning initiative and creativity.

  1. SmartCanvas: Context-inferred Interpretation of Sketches for Preparatory Design Studies

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi

    2016-05-27

    In early or preparatory design stages, an architect or designer sketches out rough ideas, not only about the object or structure being considered, but its relation to its spatial context. This is an iterative process, where the sketches are not only the primary means for testing and refining ideas, but also for communicating among a design team and to clients. Hence, sketching is the preferred media for artists and designers during the early stages of design, albeit with a major drawback: sketches are 2D and effects such as view perturbations or object movement are not supported, thereby inhibiting the design process. We present an interactive system that allows for the creation of a 3D abstraction of a designed space, built primarily by sketching in 2D within the context of an anchoring design or photograph. The system is progressive in the sense that the interpretations are refined as the user continues sketching. As a key technical enabler, we reformulate the sketch interpretation process as a selection optimization from a set of context-generated canvas planes in order to retrieve a regular arrangement of planes. We demonstrate our system (available at http:/geometry.cs.ucl.ac.uk/projects/2016/smartcanvas/) with a wide range of sketches and design studies. © 2016 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2016 The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. 16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1610 - Sketch of Flammability Apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sketch of Flammability Apparatus 1 Figure 1 to Part 1610 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Pt.1610, Fig. 1 Figure 1 to Part 1610—Sketch...

  3. Google SketchUp在房屋3D建模中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙继浩

    2013-01-01

    从个人房屋等小型建筑的3D建模出发,结合SketchUp的各项功能,介绍了其在房屋设计、室内装修和外观规划的作用,阐述了SketchUp在建筑及设计行业的应用前景.

  4. A framework for reaching common understanding during sketching in design teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.; Eris, O.; Suib, S.S.S.B.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we investigate the communication processes during sketching in design teams on theoretical and empirical levels, and propose two frameworks. The first one, the designcommunication block framework, categorizes the types of activities that take place during sketching, and constitutes th

  5. The Design of Tools for Sketching Sensor-Based Interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Lunding, Rasmus; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2012-01-01

    , flexibility and cost, aimed at wearable and ultra-mobile prototyping where fast reaction is needed (e.g. in controlling sound), and we discuss the general issues facing this category of embodied interaction design tools. We then present the platform in more detail, both regarding hard- ware and software....... In the brief evaluation, we present our initial experiences with the platform both in design projects and in teaching. We conclude that DUL Radio does seem to be a relatively easy-to-use tool for sketching sensor-based interaction compared to other solutions, but that there are many ways to improve it. Target...... users include designers, students, artists etc. with minimal programming and hardware skills, but this paper adresses the issues with designing the tools, which includes technical details....

  6. Anak Jakarta; A sketch of Indonesian youth identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solita Sarwono

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Anak Jakarta refers to the youth of Jakarta, the trend-setters of the Indonesian youth. This paper gives a sketch of the youth in Jakarta as characterized by their appearance, language and lifestyle. Information is derived from discussions and personal contact with different groups of youth and parents (adults with children in Jakarta; literature review, observations, as well as from flashbacks given by the adults, providing a portrait of anak Jakarta since late 1980’s. The youth in Jakarta is Western (American oriented, copying from the mass- and social media, often times conflicting with local norms and parental advices. Anak Jakarta profile includes: youth created slang language, school gang fights (tawuran and brand minded consumerism. Jakarta youth has become the role model for most youth all over Indonesia, especially Jakarta migrant youth. Family upbringing, social contact, peer group and the media play a crucial role in forming, transforming and disseminating the characteristics anak Jakarta identity.

  7. A Warm Reading of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠萍

    2014-01-01

    Stephen Leacock(1869-1944) is one of the founding parents of Canadian letters and literature. In the early 20th centu-ry, his reputation as a humorist and a political economist was not limited by the boundaries of Canada but spread around the world. As one of his works, Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town has attracted world-wide admiration. It is a series of vignettes dra-matizing the comedy of day-to-day life in Mariposa. It is bathed in the warm sunshine for all of us to laugh at as one of us re-members the little towns we might have known or come from. As a matter of fact, Leacock employs several techniques in his writing for humorous effect. This paper elaborates on the auther and the work, and makes an analysis on the character-Smith.

  8. Sketching together the modern histories of science, technology, and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickstone, John V

    2011-03-01

    This essay explores ways to "write together" the awkwardly jointed histories of "science" and "me dicine"--but it also includes other "arts" (in the old sense) and technologies. It draws especially on the historiography of medicine, but I try to use terms that are applicable across all of science, technology, and medicine (STM). I stress the variety of knowledges and practices in play at any time and the ways in which the ensembles change. I focus on the various relations of "science" and "medicine," as they were understood for a succession of periods--from mainly agricultural societies, through industrial societies, to our biomedical present--trying to sketch a history that encompasses daily practices and understandings as well as major conceptual and technical innovations. The model is meant to facilitate inquiry across topics and across times, including those to come.

  9. Comparison of performance between BIOGRAPH 64 PET/CT and ECAT EXACT HR+PET%BIOGRAPH 64型PET/CT与ECAT EXACT HR+型PET的性能比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程午樱; 朱朝晖; 欧阳萌; 霍力

    2008-01-01

    通过模型研究和临床病例分析,比较Biograph 64型PET/CT和Ecat Exact HR+型PET仪,并从病灶检出能力、图像质量、患者检查的方便性和工作人员操作的友好性等多个角度,对新型的Biograph 64PET/CT的主要性能进行评价.

  10. [Biographical work in inpatient long-term care for people with dementia: potential of the DEMIAN nursing concept].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berendonk, C; Stanek, S; Schönit, M; Kaspar, R; Bär, M; Kruse, A

    2011-02-01

    In nursing care for people with dementia, biographical work is a popular concept. In the literature and practice, many different viewpoints of the way biographical work can/should be promoted exist. In the DEMIAN concept, a nursing concept to promote emotional well-being for people with dementia, it is also of major significance. This article gives an overview of the importance of biographical work in caring for people with dementia. In particular, the role and arrangement of biographical work in the DEMIAN concept are described. Within the anamnesis of the DEMIAN concept, meaningful themes are identified in conversations with different participants (person with dementia, reference persons, and care workers) and through observations. From these findings, specific interventions, aimed at supporting emotional well-being of people with dementia, are derived and integrated into everyday nursing care to promote emotional well-being. The potential of the DEMIAN nursing concept are discussed and further possibilities are highlighted.

  11. The self as capital in the narrative economy: how biographical testimonies move activism in the Global South.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burchardt, Marian

    2016-05-01

    This article analyses and theorises the practice of biographical storytelling of HIV-positive AIDS activists in South Africa. Combining research in illness narratives, studies of emotions in social activism and analysis of global health institutions in Africa, I explore how biographical self-narrations are deployed to facilitate access to resources and knowledge and thus acquire material and symbolic value. I illustrate my argument through the analysis of the case of an AIDS activist who became a professional biographical storyteller. Based on the analysis which I claim to represent wider dynamics in human-rights-based health activism in the Global South, I propose the concept of narrative economies by which I mean the set of exchange relationships within which biographical self-narrations circulate and produce social value for individuals and organisations.

  12. SketchUp在工程设计专业教学和实践中的应用%The Application of SketchUp in Teaching Practice of the Engineering Design Specialty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏毓洁; 巫丛; 蔡如

    2006-01-01

    介绍了SketchUp软件的特点及基本功能,探讨了SketchUp软件在工程设计类专业教学中的应用,阐述了在SketchUp环境下各类工程设计的方案与分析图的表达与应用.

  13. Experiences of Biographical Crises as a Resource for Professional Interventions. An Exemplary Analysis of Lawyer's Acting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Scheid

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the empirical part of the following paper, professional service is shown in the context of a biographical experience of a professional—a family law attorney. In terms of method, this undertaking is precarious. Its sense lies in gaining an understanding of the biographically and historically motivated potentials and limits of professional services. A differentiated look at professional services is facilitated when you know the stories out of which specific procedures have resulted. In overcoming the crude classification of "professionalized," "not professionalized," and "de-professionalized," it is possible to further differentiate theories of professionalization (Talcott PARSONS, Ulrich OEVERMANN, Fritz SCHÜTZE. Up until now detailed examinations are missing of the genesis of concrete professional acting, even though the topic has been worked out clearly, especially in studies of teachers' work. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0801537

  14. Explanation of Relationships between Biographical Characteristics and Entrepreneurship Spirit of Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassanali Aghajani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Three major causes of the importance of entrepreneurship are making wealth, developing technology and creating productive employment. It is generally believed that a revolution is needed for entrepreneurship to take place in societies nowadays. Thus, the present study aims at investigation of the biographical characteristics and explanation of its relation to entrepreneurial spirit at Mazandaran university students. The data collection instrument was a related questionnaire with the reliability level of 0.90, and the collected data related to the examined variables were analyzed by using T-Student and ANOVA Tests. The results explained and determined that, except age, other biographical characteristics including gender, marital status, employment, birth arrangement, parents‟ education level, did not have any meaningful relationship with the entrepreneurial spirit. Finally, it is the presented summary of implications for managers such as suggestions on how the managers and authorities can improve the entrepreneurial spirit among students, as well as directions for further researches.

  15. TYPES OF THE COMIC IN BIOGRAPHICAL AND MEMORIALISTIC LITERATURE OF XX CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Оlga Ivanovna Osipova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Article is devoted to poetics of biographical and memorialistic genres of XX century, especially to the analysis of such forms of laughter as irony and parody. The basic idea is concerned with fiction of the authors, which seek to destroy Genesis and alter reality, which in no way satisfied with the artists.The purpose of the article is identifying of the specifics of literary and imaginative reconstruction of historical events in the novels of M. Kuzmin and Sasha Sokolov by analyzing specifications of its narration.Method or the methodology of work: Among research material are M. Kuzmin’s novel "A wonderful life of Joseph Balsamo, count Cagliostro" and Sasha Sololov’s novel "Palisandria". Analyzing the texts of works on the researched topic were used comparative-historical, historical-biographical and structural methods.Results: Our study suggests that irony and parody in biographical and memorialistic genres of XX century have integrated, multifunctional meaning. Analysis of the novels allows us to observe the transformation of traditional biographical memorialistic narration into the grotesque model of the reality. There are interesting observations of the functioning in the works such approaches as parody, travesty, illogic, allegory, etc. As a result of the use of similar artistic techniques the novels become metatext about human nature in generalPractical implications: The results of our research can be used for lectures on the history of Russian literature of XXth century, in the course "History of Russian Literature" at faculties and departments of Russian Philology institutes and universities.

  16. 西门子Biograph 64 TruePoint PET/CT维修1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓磊; 李培秀; 贺海荣; 邓琳琪; 崔艳荣; 王国军

    2010-01-01

    @@ 本院2007年购入国内首台西门子Biograph 64 TruePoint PET/CT(positron emission tomography/computed tomography),笔者结合西门子PET/CT工作中的实际案例,分析、解决其运行中的一系列问题.本文主要阐述PET组件中的DEA(detector electronics assembly)故障及维修.

  17. Revisiting biographical disruption: exploring individual embodied illness experience in people with terminal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeve, Joanne; Lloyd-Williams, Mari; Payne, Sheila; Dowrick, Christopher

    2010-03-01

    Biographical accounts of illness offer useful insights into the social and adaptive processes of living with chronic illness. Yet there are concerns that the underlying theoretical assumptions of a reflexive self seeking to maintain meaning may not reflect the lived experience of individuals. A narrative emphasis may neglect the importance of emotional/felt experiences; while an analytical focus on disruptive processes may not adequately reflect the totality of actual events. In this study, we explored how well biographical theory supports understanding of individual lived experience. Narratives from 19 individuals identified from General Practice lists with a terminal diagnosis of cancer were analysed using the holistic-form approach described by Lieblich. Participants described an ongoing process of living their life, 'managing' disruptive events and maintaining an overall sense of well-being (narrative form = biographical flow). For a minority, continuity was lost when people's capacity to continue living their everyday lives was overwhelmed (narrative form = fracture). The identified emphasis was on individual creative capacity in the face of terminal illness, highlighting the importance of embodied experience in understanding outcome and need. Maintaining continuity was draining: exhaustion precipitated fracture and thus need for external help to restore continuity. By focusing on feelings associated with overall narrative form, rather than individual disruptive events, we highlight the context in which disruptive events are experienced, and individual perceptions of their relative importance. We conclude that combining narrative and emotion offers new insights into the value of understanding of biographical accounts of illness in the context of individual creative capacity. We discuss the possibilities for new approaches to clinical assessment and management of need.

  18. Biographical parallelism in Russian satirical journalism of the 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanko Alexander Ivanovich

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available When creating a satirical image Russian writers of the 19th century involved reception biographical parallelism. Pushkin, Belinsky, Herzen and other masters of the personal journalism in their satires, pamphlets, parodies disclosed traitors, informers, literary speculators. At the same time facts from the biographies of real people, subjected to reproof, were set out on a material of other biographies, often unreal characters. Thereby it was achieved a satirical effect and a way to avoid clashes with censorship.

  19. Patients' narratives of chronic illnesses and the notion of biographical disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delbene, Roxana

    2011-01-01

    Bury's (1982) argument that the onset of a chronic illness represents a biographical disruption has become paradigmatic in the sociology of illness studies. More recently Bury (1991, 1997) himself Williams (2000) and other medical sociologists have argued that the notion of illness as biographical disruption needs re-examination. Following a phenomenological approach, in this paper the author draws on different narrative models (Labov and Waletzky 1967 and Ricoeur 1980) to analyze how patients orient to the onset of chronic illness as the complicating action. The data comprise eight narratives collected in South America: three correspond to patients with renal failure, and five to patients with HIV/AIDS disease. It is observed that in some cases, patients' complicating actions are rather oriented to experiences of poverty, drug addiction, and criminality that took place prior to their onset of their illnesses. These experiences, instead of the onset of their illnesses, occupy the place of the complicating action in these patients' narratives. The author discusses that in the studies of illness narratives, it is difficult to operate from a different paradigm, but argues that conflating the onset of chronic illness with a biographical disruption may confuse the episodic dimension of narrative with the configurational dimension.

  20. Evaluating The Impact Of Novice Students Sketches On Their Mental Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Helmi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Reinterpretation is one of the activities that occur in visualization the role of reinterpretation is restructuring half form idea and it can be performed with applying sketch as a useful tool and creation development evaluation communication and sharing of ideas can be facilitated by sketching. Reinterpretation basically is the outcome of the lateral thinking process. Investigating of the reinterpretation of some designers indicate that externalizing a design may not be the solitary approach of designing visually and for expert architects sketching is not a crucial action in the early stages of conceptual designing. Moreover experts could progress in design by thinking only. However novice students have problem in reinterpreting patterns in their mental image whether tools such as sketch could help in the better performance of the reinterpretation process. This paper raises a fundamental question that if the sketch of novice students can support their mental imagery in order to answer this question this paper uses documentary method to investigate the previous studies in this field. Finally in accordance to the weakness of novices sketches this study concluded that their sketches could not support their mental imagery.

  1. The Development of Sleep Medicine: A Historical Sketch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Hartmut; Salzarulo, Piero

    2016-01-01

    For centuries the scope of sleep disorders in medical writings was limited to those disturbances which were either perceived by the sleeper him- or herself as troublesome, such as insomnia, or which were recognized by an observer as strange behavioral acts during sleep, such as sleepwalking or sleep terrors. Awareness of other sleep disorders, which are caused by malfunction of a physiological system during sleep, such as sleep-related respiratory disorders, were widely unknown or ignored before sleep monitoring techniques became available, mainly in the second half of the 20th century. Finally, circadian sleep-wake disorders were recognized as a group of disturbances by its own only when chronobiology and sleep research began to interact extensively in the last two decades of the 20th century. Sleep medicine as a medical specialty with its own diagnostic procedures and therapeutic strategies could be established only when key findings in neurophysiology and basic sleep research allowed a breakthrough in the understanding of the sleeping brain, mainly since the second half of the last century. Citation: Schulz H, Salzarulo P. The development of sleep medicine: a historical sketch. J Clin Sleep Med 2016;12(7):1041–1052. PMID:27250813

  2. METHOD OF SKETCHES IN ARCHAEOGENETICS AND BREEDING OF AGRICULTURAL PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsatsenko L. V.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The issues associated with visualization images of the examined object and the method of sketches or visual notes have been discussed in the article. The images of lagenaria (bottle, shape pumpkins or gourds in works of art and agrobotanic illustration as a research tool have been selected, with the aim to conduct a visual analysis of the morphological characteristics of bottle gourd for further application of the knowledge gained in archaeogenetics and plant breeding. The article presents images of plants of lagenaria for the period from 1311 to 2014 years. Visual analysis of the morphological characteristics of lagenaria on the basis of visual notes allowed us to identify several key points: the polymorphism of fruits and different duration of the vegetation period, particularly of the reproductive system, which is characterized by different proportions of male and female flowers, the presence of pollinators, night flowering, fruit pubescence on the first stages of development, polymorphism seeds, features maturation based on the size and weight of the fetus. Understanding the range of individual development allows the breeder to submit a complete selection issue, search for new signs will touch the ancient forms of the object, diseases, pests, images which have remained only on the pictures. In our opinion, the method of visual notes can be successfully used in the educational process because it stimulates creativity and cognitive activity of students to search for information about the studied object and its reflection

  3. Sketching the pion's valence-quark generalised parton distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Mezrag

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to learn effectively from measurements of generalised parton distributions (GPDs, it is desirable to compute them using a framework that can potentially connect empirical information with basic features of the Standard Model. We sketch an approach to such computations, based upon a rainbow-ladder (RL truncation of QCD's Dyson–Schwinger equations and exemplified via the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD, Hπv(x,ξ,t. Our analysis focuses primarily on ξ=0, although we also capitalise on the symmetry-preserving nature of the RL truncation by connecting Hπv(x,ξ=±1,t with the pion's valence-quark parton distribution amplitude. We explain that the impulse-approximation used hitherto to define the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD is generally invalid owing to omission of contributions from the gluons which bind dressed-quarks into the pion. A simple correction enables us to identify a practicable improvement to the approximation for Hπv(x,0,t, expressed as the Radon transform of a single amplitude. Therewith we obtain results for Hπv(x,0,t and the associated impact-parameter dependent distribution, qπv(x,|b→⊥|, which provide a qualitatively sound picture of the pion's dressed-quark structure at a hadronic scale. We evolve the distributions to a scale ζ=2 GeV, so as to facilitate comparisons in future with results from experiment or other nonperturbative methods.

  4. What is life? with Mind and Matter and Autobiographical Sketches

    CERN Document Server

    Schrödinger, Erwin

    1992-01-01

    Nobel laureate Erwin Schrödinger's What is Life? is one of the great science classics of the twentieth century. A distinguished physicist's exploration of the question which lies at the heart of biology, it was written for the layman, but proved one of the spurs to the birth of molecular biology and the subsequent discovery of the structure of DNA. The philosopher Karl Popper hailed it as a 'beautiful and important book' by 'a great man to whom I owe a personal debt for many exciting discussions'. It appears here together with Mind and Matter, his essay investigating a relationship which has eluded and puzzled philosophers since the earliest times. Schrodinger asks what place consciousness occupies in the evolution of life, and what part the state of development of the human mind plays in moral questions. Brought together with these two classics are Schrödinger's autobiographical sketches, published and translated here for the first time. They offer a fascinating fragmentary account of his life as a backgro...

  5. Sketching the pion's valence-quark generalised parton distribution

    CERN Document Server

    Mezrag, C; Moutarde, H; Roberts, C D; Rodriguez-Quintero, J; Sabatie, F; Schmidt, S M

    2014-01-01

    In order to learn effectively from measurements of generalised parton distributions (GPDs), it is desirable to compute them using a framework that can potentially connect empirical information with basic features of the Standard Model. We sketch an approach to such computations, based upon a rainbow-ladder (RL) truncation of QCD's Dyson-Schwinger equations and exemplified via the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD, $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,\\xi,t)$. Our analysis focuses primarily on $\\xi=0$, although we also capitalise on the symmetry-preserving nature of the RL truncation by connecting $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,\\xi=\\pm 1,t)$ with the pion's valence-quark parton distribution amplitude. We explain that the impulse-approximation used hitherto to define the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD is generally invalid owing to omission of contributions from the gluons which bind dressed-quarks into the pion. A simple correction enables us to identify a practicable improvement to the approximation for $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,0,t)$, expressed as th...

  6. 基于SketchUp和VRML的虚拟漫游系统开发%SketchUp and VRML-based Virtual Tour System Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席桂花

    2009-01-01

    虚拟现实应用越来越广泛.VRML是用于描述交互式三维空间的虚拟现实建模语言.该文提出了一种基于SketchUp和VRML技术虚拟漫游系统的开发方法,即用SketchUp构建三维模型,用VKML语言实现场景漫游的交互控制,从而设计与实现一个三维虚拟漫游系统.

  7. SketchUp构建GIS三维模型方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马素颜; 吴健平; 周美娟; 胡天硕

    2009-01-01

    Google SketchUp软件是智能化建模系统的工具集合,简化了建模工作。通过对SketchUp中三维模型创建及在传统GIS软件中的应用方法研究可大大减少和丰富3DGIS中三维建模的工作量。本文从SketchUp的建模技术、各地理要素的建模方法以及模型应用于GIS的方法等入手讨论SketchUp中数据转换方法,以将这一可视化工具与GIS软件结合起来,为3DGIS服务。

  8. 草图大师SketchUp在园林设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔丽红; 黄蔚; 田斌

    2009-01-01

    介绍分析了草图大师SketchUp在园林设计中的应用.SketchUp具有实用性、灵活性,可大大减少设计师的重复劳动,提高设计师设计成果的合理性、准确性,在今后的园林规划设计中有很好的应用前景.

  9. Genre and Stylistic Specifics of the Modern Biographic Prose for Children

    OpenAIRE

    Ovdijchuk, Lilia

    2016-01-01

    The article deals with the specific character of the biographic and autobiographic genres on the theoretical basis of national and foreign scientists’ works, such as: O. Halych, Y. Kovaliv, O. Sobolevska, L. Strecha, M. Syrotyuk, І. Xodorkivs’kyj. In recent decades a lot of authors addressed to the teenagers appeared. These texts have novelized biography features: novelettes of O. Gavrosh, M. Morozenko, V. Rutkivs’kyj and stories of І. Andrusyak, L. Voronyna, N. Voskresens’ka, L. Denysenko, B...

  10. 崔骃年谱简编%Cui Yin Biographical Chronology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芸华

    2014-01-01

    东汉前期重要作家崔骃才学过人,著作颇丰。年谱所依据引用的资料,大部分根据正史,也依次借鉴前人的研究成果。%Cui Yin, an important writer in Eastern Han Dynasty, was very talented, learned and productive. The references quoted in his Biographical chronology were mainly based on official history as well as the research works of the older generations.

  11. Osterbrock Prize Lecture: The Coming to Be of the Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hockey, Thomas A.

    2017-01-01

    The four-volume Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers (and cosmologists), second edition, is one of a kind: There is no discipline-specific counterpart in the physical or biological sciences. The BEA is the work of 430 authors, translators, and editors who produced biographies of approximately 1,800 persons, from the beginning of history to the beginning of the era of Big Science. How did this happen? The Editor-in-chief will give a “behind the pages” view of the construction of this first-look, first-reached-from-the-shelf reference work.

  12. Formats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gehmann, Ulrich

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In the following, a new conceptual framework for investigating nowadays’ “technical” phenomena shall be introduced, that of formats. The thesis is that processes of formatting account for our recent conditions of life, and will do so in the very next future. It are processes whose foundations have been laid in modernity and which will further unfold for the time being. These processes are embedded in the format of the value chain, a circumstance making them resilient to change. In addition, they are resilient in themselves since forming interconnected systems of reciprocal causal circuits.Which leads to an overall situation that our entire “Lebenswelt” became formatted to an extent we don’t fully realize, even influencing our very percep-tion of it.

  13. Breast cancer diagnosis: biographical disruption, emotional experiences and strategic management in Thai women with breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liamputtong, Pranee; Suwankhong, Dusanee

    2015-09-01

    In this article we draw on Bury's theory of biographical disruption to discuss the meanings of, and emotional experiences related to, being diagnosed with breast cancer among southern Thai women. Qualitative methods, including in-depth interviewing and drawing methods, were used to collect data from 20 women with breast cancer. The women perceived breast cancer to be a rhok raai; an evil or dread disease. They believed that breast cancer would lead to death. The disruption in their biography occurred when they detected abnormalities indicating breast cancer. The women's narratives revealed their chaotic lives upon this diagnosis and the news precipitated in them shock, fear, anxiety and loss of hope. Although they experienced chaos and disruption, the women cultivated strategies that helped them cope with their experiences by accepting their fate and adhering to Buddhist beliefs and practices. Through their narratives of biographical disruption, the women in our study offer healthcare providers knowledge that could lead to an appreciation of their needs and concerns. This knowledge is crucial for health professionals who wish to provide emotional support to women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer in Thailand and elsewhere.

  14. Biographical and demographical variables as moderators in the prediction of turnover intentions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine du Plooy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The aim of the study was to explore the possible moderation effects of biographical and demographical variables on a prediction model of turnover intention (TI.Research purpose: The main purpose of the study was to determine how biographical and demographical variables have an impact on predictors of turnover intentions.Motivation for the study: Twenty-first century organisations face significant challenges in the management of talent and human capital. One in particular is voluntary employee turnover and the lack of appropriate business models to track this process.Research design, approach, and method: A secondary data analysis (SDA was performed in a quantitative research tradition on the cross-sectional survey sample (n = 2429. Data were collected from a large South African Information and Communication Technologies (ICT sector company (N = 23 134.Main findings: The results of the study confirmed significant moderation effects regarding race, age, and marital status in the prediction equations of TIs.Practical and managerial implications: Practical implications of the study suggested increased understanding of workforce diversity effects within the human resource (HR value chain, with resultant evidence-based, employee retention strategies and interventions. Issues concerning talent management could also be addressed.Contribution and value-add: The study described in this article took Industrial/Organisational (I/O psychological concepts and linked them in unique combinations to establish better predictive validity of a more comprehensive turnover intentions model.

  15. Memorial and biographical history of Spain: El jinete polaco by Antonio Muñoz Molina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Oliver Fuentes Kraffczyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The novel El jinete polaco by Antonio Muñoz Molina is a highly complex work in which the narrator mixes multiple plotlines in an effort to recreate or remember part of his family past. In the process, the collective memory of the town and people of Mágina (an allegoric space that represents the peasant life of the olive growers of southern Spain appears as a rich and contradictory montage of dreams and failures. And in a third level of discourse, the recent past of Spain also emerges through the main historic al events: the civil war, the protracted military government, and the economic development and current consolidation of democracy. In order to achieve this complex and ambitious narrative project, in El jinete polaco time is not represented as uninterrupted historical timeline but as the rich mixture of the simultaneous experiences of different life courses in terms of both values and cultural patterns in order to understand how the rapid social change affects relations between the various age groups. In other words, time is constructed as a synthesis of the biographical dimension within collective memory and major historical events. This paper seeks to point out the similarities and differences between biographical discourse, collective memory and history.

  16. "Maturing Out" and the Dynamics of the Biographical Trajectories of Hard Drug Addicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engel H. Prins

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article by the late Engel H. PRINS is based on a qualitative research project (PRINS, 1995, which focuses on the biographical experiences of hard drug addicts in the Netherlands who presented, for the most part, a polydrug pattern of drug use that included mostly heroin, but also cocaine and other drugs. His project was inspired by the influential work of Charles WINICK (1962 who had proposed the hypothesis that a large number of addicts "mature out" of their addiction in the long run. While PRINS's project was partly an attempt to discover if this hypothesis could be held up in the Netherlands and particularly in Rotterdam, a major emphasis of his research was to reconstruct the biographical processes of the addicts and to understand the dynamics of their trajectories of suffering, including the processes of "maturing out" if they "kicked the habit." Therefore, he did 65 autobiographical narrative interviews with persons who were known to be addicted to hard drugs at least ten years before the interview. The analysis of this data was carried out according to procedures of biography analysis on the basis of autobiographical narrative interviews, which were developed by SCHÜTZE (1983, 2007a, b. The article presents a theoretical framework of the different phases of a drug addiction trajectory with a special emphasis on the process of "maturing out." URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0801303

  17. Biographical work and returning to employment following a spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ville, Isabelle

    2005-04-01

    The question of returning to work after the onset of severe impairment is inseparable from the biographical work that disabled people need to achieve. Qualitative analysis of interviews I carried out among people who had become paraplegic and among rehabilitation professionals offered the following insights: * During a period extending beyond rehabilitation, interviewees were absorbed by the work of coming to terms with their impairment and delegated the question of occupation to the professionals. At a later date, some of them manage to recast their biographies and gain ownership of their occupations and activities for themselves. An open environment, which offers negotiable opportunities and space for relationships to form, encourages the development of biographical work. Nowadays, the question of exclusion would appear to dominate the domain of rehabilitation. The belief that prolonged inactivity engenders marginalisation has led professionals to develop a doctrine whereby they encourage their patients to plan for their professional activities from a very early stage. Struggling with different time demands (for example, lengthy administrative procedures and reduced rehabilitation time) professionals organise their work around a new time frame which conflicts with their expertise and is difficult to reconcile with the trajectories of disabled people.

  18. Performance Evaluation for Biograph 16HR PET/CT%Biograph 16HR PET/CT性能测试与长期追踪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚之丰; 王新村; 张建平; 章英剑

    2010-01-01

    遵照NEMA NU2-2001标准对Siemens产的Biograph 16HR型PET/CT的性能进行了测试,给出了空间分辨率、散射分数、计数丢失及随机符合、系统灵敏度及图像质量.近三年来对机器进行跟踪,还给出了稳定性表现和总体性能.CT部分参考北京疾病控制中心"CT验收程序",给出了该机器CT部分的CT值、CT均匀性、CT空间分辨率.对于PET与CT结合后的性能指标,测试给出了两者融合精度这一指标.机器三年来性能稳定,各项指标均达到要求.

  19. 浅谈SketchUp在技术图样教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮程广

    2012-01-01

    Google SketchUp是google旗下一款三维设计工具软件。其拥有的诸多特点使得Sketchup相当适合应用于通用技术课中技术图样的教学。本文笔者将结合日常教学,以2009年3月份浙江省通用技术高考的三视图为例,从为何选择SketchUp用于技术图样教学说起,重点介绍SketchUp在技术图样教学中几个方面的应用,并谈谈计算机辅助设计教学对于通用技术学科发展的意义。

  20. 浅析SketchUp在室内设计专业中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张通安

    2014-01-01

    本人通过对SketchUp在室内设计专业教学中的实际应用,总结出了在室内设计工作中设计师对SketchUp越来越重视的原因。SketchUp在当今行业中迅速改变室内设计的绘图局限性,它以方便快捷、使用简单,可以快速呈现设计师的设计理念,同时可以实时地和客户沟通为特点,得到了许多设计师的青睐,逐渐成为设计师辅助设计的重要技术手段。

  1. Exploring Textiles in Architecture through Tangible Three-Dimensional Sketching Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimdal, Elisabeth Jacobsen; Lenau, Torben Anker; O'Mahony, Marie

    This paper argues that tangible three dimensional sketching with textiles makes it more likely that these materials will be used when creating architectural spaces. Our research contributes to the more general idea that innovation in architecture and design can be stimulated by the exploration...... of new materials. With tangible three dimensional sketching, we mean an iterative process of physical model making. In two experiments with architectural students, all textile novices, spaces were modelled using a three dimensional sketching tool consisting of textiles, cardboard support and tools...... for giving form to and joining these materials. The chosen architectural task was how textiles could be used to regulate daylight by applying them to an exterior building skin or to interior spaces. Findings were that three different strategies were used: the tool was used to materialize, illustrate...

  2. Le sigle: apercu linguistique (The Acronym: A Linguistic Sketch)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehenot, Daniel

    1975-01-01

    This article discusses the definition, classification, etymology and history, formation and the use of acronyms, and provides a list of the most common acronyms currently in use. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  3. Towards establishing biographical and business background profiles of entrepreneurs from two ethnic and gender groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Schutte

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The literature on the biographical backgrounds of entrepreneurs seems to contain many contradictory findings. This situation can partly be due to the assumption that samples of entrepreneurs were homogeneous rather than heterogeneous. It appears as if female entrepreneurs have been less well researched than their male counterparts. Differences in the biographical backgrounds and business situation of, respectively, the white and the black entrepreneurs in South Africa have been assumed but little empirical evidence exists in this respect. Black en-trepreneurs, and female entrepreneurs are in most developed societies' minority groups and have not specifically been studied in depth - hence the present study. The biographical and business backgrounds of 569 South African entrepreneurs (106 Black and 463 White; 136 female and 433 male were studied. One-way Analyses of Variance and Chi-squared followed by Discriminant analyses were carried out to determine whether, respectively, black and white entrepreneurs and male and female entrepreneurs differed in terms of the variables studied. Significant differences between the total group of male and female subjects were found on only five variables. White and black entrepreneurs differed statistically significantly on 16 of the 30 variables studied. Opsomming Die literatuur oor die biografiese agtergronde van entrepreneurs skyn baie teenstrydige bevindinge te bevat. Hierdie kan moontlik deels toegeskryf word aan die aanname dat steekproewe van entrepreneurs eerder homogeen eerder as heterogeen is. Dit skyn asof minder navorsing oor vroulike as oor manlike entrepreneurs gedoen is. Ten spyte van aannames in die verband, bestaan min empiriese gegewens oor die biografiese agtergronde en sake-situasie van respektiewelik wit en swart Suid-Afrikaanse entrepreneurs. Swart en vroulike entrepreneurs is in meeste gemeenskappe minderheidsgroepe en is nog nie in diepte bestudeer nie, daarom die huidige studie. Die

  4. Time spent by people managing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease indicates biographical disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jowsey, Tanisha; Yen, Laurann E; Bagheri, Nasser; McRae, Ian S

    2014-01-01

    Since Bury's 1982 proposal that chronic illness creates biographical disruption for those who are living with it, there has been no effort to quantitatively measure such disruption. "Biographical disruption" refers to the substantial and directive influence that chronic illness can have over the course of a person's life. Qualitative research and time use studies have demonstrated that people with chronic illnesses spend considerable amounts of time managing their health, and that these demands may change over time. This study was designed to measure the time that older people with chronic illnesses spend on selected health practices as one indicator of biographical disruption. We look specifically at the time use of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). As part of a larger time use survey, a recall questionnaire was mailed to 3,100 members of Lung Foundation Australia in 2011. A total of 681 responses were received (22.0% response rate), 611 of which were from people with COPD. Descriptive analyses were undertaken on the amount of time spent on selected health-related activities including personal care, nonclinical health-related care, and activity relating to health services. Almost all people with COPD report spending some time each day on personal or home-based health-related tasks, with a median time of 15 minutes per day spent on these activities. At the median, people also report spending about 30 minutes per day exercising, 2.2 hours per month (the equivalent of 4.4 minutes per day) on nonclinical health-related activities, and 4.1 hours per month (equivalent to 8.2 minutes per day) on clinical activities. Excluding exercise, the median total time spent on health-related activities was 17.8 hours per month (or 35.6 minutes per day). For people in the top 10% of time use, the total amount of time was more than 64.6 hours per month (or 2.2 hours per day) excluding exercise, and 104 hours per month (or 3.5 hours per day) including exercise

  5. 草图大师SketchUp在建筑设计中的应用探讨%On Application of Software "SketchUp" to Architectural Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇翔

    2013-01-01

    草图大师SketchUp是一套直接面向设计方案创作过程的三维建模工具,其创作过程不仅能够充分表达设计师的思想,而且完全满足与客户即时交流的需要,它使得设计师可以直接在电脑上进行十分直观的构思,是建筑设计方案创作的优秀工具.本文通过一简易三维建模示例,结合建筑设计的特点,探讨了SketchUp在辅助建筑设计方面的应用步骤、技巧及注意事项.

  6. Google SketchUp在通风空调工程施工中的应用%Application of Google SketchUp in ventilating and air conditioning engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明

    2012-01-01

    结合某援外工程实例,介绍了运用Google SketchUp进行空调机房、空调设备及其组件、风管、建筑结构图建模的方法.使用该方法绘制施工图有利于确保工程质量、缩短工期.%With an example of China's international aid project, presents the modeling methods for air conditioning machine room, air conditioning equipment and module, air duct and building structure with Google SketchUp. Its application is favorable for ensuring construction quality and reducing the construction time of the project.

  7. Surface EMG-based Sketching Recognition Using Two Analysis Windows and Gene Expression Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhongliang; Chen, Yumiao

    2016-01-01

    Sketching is one of the most important processes in the conceptual stage of design. Previous studies have relied largely on the analyses of sketching process and outcomes; whereas surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals associated with sketching have received little attention. In this study, we propose a method in which 11 basic one-stroke sketching shapes are identified from the sEMG signals generated by the forearm and upper arm muscles from 4 subjects. Time domain features such as integrated electromyography, root mean square and mean absolute value were extracted with analysis windows of two length conditions for pattern recognition. After reducing data dimensionality using principal component analysis, the shapes were classified using Gene Expression Programming (GEP). The performance of the GEP classifier was compared to the Back Propagation neural network (BPNN) and the Elman neural network (ENN). Feature extraction with the short analysis window (250 ms with a 250 ms increment) improved the recognition rate by around 6.4% averagely compared with the long analysis window (2500 ms with a 2500 ms increment). The average recognition rate for the eleven basic one-stroke sketching patterns achieved by the GEP classifier was 96.26% in the training set and 95.62% in the test set, which was superior to the performance of the BPNN and ENN classifiers. The results show that the GEP classifier is able to perform well with either length of the analysis window. Thus, the proposed GEP model show promise for recognizing sketching based on sEMG signals. PMID:27790083

  8. Biographical introduction, Summary of Contents (manuscript version), Summary of Contents (Latin edition) and Summary of Contents (German edition)

    OpenAIRE

    Aspaas, Per Pippin

    2016-01-01

    This file contains a biographical introduction on Maximilianus (Maximilian) Hell (1720-1792) followed by summaries of contents of all three known versions of his treatise on the Aurora Borealis, the 'Lucis Boreæ Theoria nova' (manuscript version, c. 1770), 'Aurorae Borealis Theoria Nova' (Latin edition, 1776) and 'Neue Theorie des Nordlichtes' (German edition, 1792).

  9. Autobiographical reasoning in life narratives buffers the effect of biographical disruptions on the sense of self-continuity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habermas, Tilmann; Köber, Christin

    2015-01-01

    Personal identity depends on synchronic coherence and diachronic continuity of the self. Autobiographical remembering and autobiographical knowledge as well as the stability of bodily integrity, of social roles, of significant others and of physical and sociocultural environment have been suggested as supporting a pre-reflective sense of self-continuity. Stark biographical discontinuities or disruptions in these areas may destabilise the sense of self-continuity. To test the hypothesis that autobiographical reasoning in life narratives helps to compensate the effects of biographical discontinuities on the sense of self-continuity, life narratives of a lifespan sample with the ages of 16, 20, 24, 28, 44 and 69 (N = 150, 78 female) were investigated. Results confirm that if, and only if there have been biographical disruptions in the past four years, then autobiographical reasoning correlates positively with a sense of self-continuity. The findings contradict the thesis that mere remembering of past episodes is sufficient to maintain a sense of self-continuity under conditions of biographical change.

  10. How does biographic-narrative intervention influence identity negotiation and quality of life in aphasia? - The participants' perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Konradi

    2014-04-01

    The quantitative and the qualitative results were complementary in demonstrating the effectiveness of the biographic-narrative intervention. As predicted, there was a specific treatment effect with a significant and stable improvement in QoL. Analysis of the semi-structured interviews indicated that through the approach the participants’ sense of self changed. The findings provide foundations for future work into intervention.

  11. Transformative Learning and the Form That Transforms: Towards a Psychosocial Theory of Recognition Using Auto/ Biographical Narrative Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Linden

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I interrogate the changing forms that may be fundamental to transformative learning and how these are best chronicled and understood. Drawing on auto/biographical narrative research, I challenge the continuing primacy of a kind of overly disembodied, decontextualized cognition as the basis of transformation. Notions of epistemic…

  12. Review of the Urban Planning Aided by ArcGIS and SketchUp%ArcGIS结合SketchUp辅助城市规划的综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐昌荣; 孙涛; 仲军华

    2008-01-01

    通过对ArcGIS和SketchUp的介绍以及二者结合应用,说明城市规划由二维向三维过渡将是一个发展趋势,并且符合城市规划中海量数据存储的要求,对于利用三维辅助规划将非常有益.

  13. 基于SketchUp构建虚拟景观的方法研究%Study on the Method of Virtual Landscape Reconstruction Based on SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞菊

    2012-01-01

    SketchUp is a kind of software which is simple to learn and can establish, display, edit 3D model that is compact and refined more easily than other 3D design software. So how to reconstruct virtual landscape quickly, high efficiently and low costly based on SketchUp was considered in this paper. Technical scheme was listed here, and the implement methods of geometry modeling and texture mapping were described after detailed analyzing them. In order to reduce data size of 3d model, some model optimization methods were presented. Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture is taken as an example and the good effects are acquired. Experiment results show all the relevant methods are feasible.%SketchUp软件简便易学,可迅速构建、显示、编辑三维模型,避免了其他三维设计软件的复杂性,且生成的模型简洁、精细,因此基于SketchUp软件,研究快速、高效、低成本地构建虚拟景观的方法,提出几何建模的技术方案,对几何建模和纹理映射的方法进行详尽地分;沂并重点介绍它们实现的方法,为减少三维模型数据量提出一些模型优化处理的相关方法,以北京:建筑工程学院虚拟校园建设为实例,验证方法切实可行.

  14. SketchUp辅助工程制图教学应用浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晔; 李强

    2013-01-01

    利用SketchUp软件具有操作简单、快速建模、易于修改等特点,本文以组合体和剖视图为例,探讨了将SketchUp应用于工程制图的教学实践方法.通过构建模型实现二维图形与三维立体的转换,使得空间构思过程直观化、可视化、动态化,拓展学生空间思维能力.

  15. SketchUp在虚拟山地建模中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李刚; 牛坤

    2011-01-01

    基于SketchUp软件快速高效的三维建模方法,直观便捷的三维观察方法再配合实地照片及Google Earth相关卫星图片,可以准确有效地模拟及再现山地场景。通过举例,探究了用SketchUp软件及ArcGIS3D分析模块对大面积山体进行快速建模的技术。

  16. "De nobis ipsis silemus?": Epistemology of Biographical- Narrative Research in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Bolivar Botía

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes how biographical-narrative research has currently become a perspective or specific approach in educational research, rather than just another qualitative methodology to be added to the rest. This type of research changes the usual concepts of what is considered knowledge in social science, and what is important to know. However, since modern times there has been a methodological deficiency in the justification of this type of research (validity, generalization and reliability. This study pulls together and describes the main lines of support for autobiographical accounts, critically analyzing the theoretical and epistemological disputes that have arisen in the last few years (positivism vs. hermeneutics, paradigmatic method vs. narration of data analysis. The paper also deals with the limitations and epistemological problems that arise from the defense of a strictly narrative data focus, and how this can be compatible with the paradigmatic ways of knowing.

  17. History of Shock Waves, Explosions and Impact A Chronological and Biographical Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Krehl, Peter O. K

    2009-01-01

    This unique and encyclopedic reference work charts the evolution of the physics of shock waves and detonations from the earliest investigations into percussion and impact phenomena right up to the most recent groundbreaking research in the field. The history of this long and complex process is first reviewed in a general survey that encompasses everything from the earliest observations and interpretations of puzzling high-rate dynamic phenomena associated with natural and man-made explosions to a discussion of the merits of modern numerical computer simulations. The subject is then treated in more detail and in chronological order in the central section of the book, while also being richly illustrated in form of a picture gallery. The bibliographic index provides 122 short biographies of eminent researchers who have contributed to the field. Further references for biographical sources are given, and both name and subject indices (with over 4500 and 2700 entries, respectively) are provided. "This book is of tr...

  18. Obituaries, past and present: from the fast food biographical narrative to a newspaper literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willian Vieira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p143 This article offers a panorama of the cultural phenomena of obituary publishing and reading, both on newspapers in English, their original locus, and anthologies. It relates the appearance of this specific genre and its hegemonic lasting in contemporary American and British newspapers to the biographical, instantaneous and literary aspects of its narrative. The reasons for the extemporaneous interest of the reader in a genre that often migrates from the ephemerality of newspapers to long-lasting print anthologies is searched for in its romanesque configuration, itself originated from other genres and formed by discourses of life and death, ultimately legitimized by the truth discourse of the Press. Hence, the obituary would be consumed, esthetically, both as an ethically profound true story and as easy literature.

  19. Show me what you’ve got - the influence of combined sketching on idea generation in teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neumann, A.; Badke-Schaub, P.; Lauche, K.

    2009-01-01

    The present study investigates the influence of common sketches on the idea generation process in early concept generation. Thirty-six teams of three design students were given a small task in which they were asked to come up with visualized ideas. In the control groups, team members sketched on an

  20. Interplay of Computer and Paper-Based Sketching in Graphic Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Rui; Kuo, Shih-Ping; Strobel, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate student designers' attitude and choices towards the use of computers and paper sketches when involved in a graphic design process. 65 computer graphic technology undergraduates participated in this research. A mixed method study with survey and in-depth interviews was applied to answer the research…

  1. A Multi-view Interpretation of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jie

    2015-01-01

    Stephen Leacock's masterpiece Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town is considered as one of the most enduring classics of Canadian humorous literature.This paper discusses the novel from the viewpoints of character analysis,Mariposa understanding and humor explanation to help the readers gain a better knowledge.

  2. Narrating Regional Identity in Tourism--Sketches from the Austrian Danube Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploner, Josef

    2009-01-01

    This article sketches the processes of regionalisation in the realm of present day tourism. By exploring issues of "regional culture" and "diversity" in Austria, and more particular, in the highly symbolic Danube valley "Wachau", the article shows how the imaginaries of contested cultural spaces--be they "regional", "national" or "European"--are…

  3. Narrating Regional Identity in Tourism--Sketches from the Austrian Danube Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploner, Josef

    2009-01-01

    This article sketches the processes of regionalisation in the realm of present day tourism. By exploring issues of "regional culture" and "diversity" in Austria, and more particular, in the highly symbolic Danube valley "Wachau", the article shows how the imaginaries of contested cultural spaces--be they…

  4. Responses to "Sketching the Contours of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locklin, Reid B.; Robinson, Joanne Maguire; Pence, Nadine S.

    2013-01-01

    The three short essays collected in this manuscript respond to Patricia O'Connell Killen and Eugene V. Gallagher's "Sketching the Contours in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion," published in issue 16, no. 2 of this journal (2013). See additional responses by Charles R. Foster, Stephen Brookfield,…

  5. Coarse Level Sketch Based Image Retreival Using Gray Level CoOccurance Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Arundeepthi,

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a method of Content based image retrieval (CBIR using sketches, which is one of the most popular, rising research areas of the digital image processing. Most of the available image search tools, such as Google Images and Yahoo! Image search, are based on textual annotation of images. In these tools, images are manually annotated with keywords and then retrieved using text-based search methods. The performances of these systems are not satisfactory. The goal of CBIR is to extract visual content of an image automatically, like color, texture, or shape. The proposed method used to introduce the design and the creation of CBIR systems, which is based on a free hand sketch (Sketch based image retrieval – SBIR. In this method, we are using texture as feature for image retrieval. The texture features are obtained by using gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM.This process can be used as coarse level in hierarchical CBIR that reduces the database size from very large set to a small one. This tiny database can further be scrutinized rigorously using the wavelets, edge detection, etc. The sketch based system allows users an intuitive access to search-tools. This process can be implemented in MATLAB simulation.

  6. Energy Design Plugin: An EnergyPlus Plugin for SketchUp; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellis, P. G.; Torcellini, P. A.; Crawley, D. B.

    2008-08-01

    This paper describes the Energy Design Plugin, a new software plugin that aims to integrate simulation as a tool during the earliest phases of the design process. The plugin couples the EnergyPlus whole-building simulation engine to the Google SketchUp drawing program.

  7. Socio-technical PSS development to improve functionality and usability - Sketch planning using a Maptable

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk, G.A.; Ligtenberg, A.

    2010-01-01

    Planning Support Systems (PSS) for collaborative sketch planning have not become widely used in planning practice. Important reasons are inadequate functionality and usability. In this article we question if following a socio-technical method in PSS development could lead to PSS with better function

  8. Conversations around design sketches: use of communication channels for sharing mental models during concept generation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.; Eris, O.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we present an exploratory protocol study on the use of different communication channels during design sketching. We focus on how individual designers share their mental models with other designers in a group, and analyze their use of graphical, textual, and verbal communications durin

  9. Does sketching stand alone as a communication tool during concept generation in design teams?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.; Eris, O.

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigates the relation between sketching and communication in teams during the idea generation process in early concept generation. A quasi-experiment study has been conducted with Masters students of Industrial Design Engineering at Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.

  10. A Multi-view Interpretation of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; Jie

    2015-01-01

    Stephen Leacock’s masterpiece Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town is considered as one of the most enduring classics of Canadian humorous literature.This paper discusses the novel from the viewpoints of character analysis,Mariposa understanding and humor explanation to help the readers gain a better knowledge.

  11. Quantitative comparison of PET performance—Siemens Biograph mCT and mMR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlberg, Anna M.; Sæther, Oddbjørn [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Olav Kyrres gt 17, 7006 Trondheim (Norway); Eikenes, Live [Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Postbox 8905, 7491 Trondheim (Norway); Goa, Pål Erik [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Olav Kyrres gt 17, 7006 Trondheim (Norway); Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)

    2016-02-25

    Integrated clinical whole-body PET/MR systems were introduced in 2010. In order to bring this technology into clinical usage, it is of great importance to compare the performance with the well-established PET/CT. The aim of this study was to evaluate PET performance, with focus on image quality, on Siemens Biograph mMR (PET/MR) and Siemens Biograph mCT (PET/CT). A direct quantitative comparison of the performance characteristics between the mMR and mCT system was performed according to National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU 2-2007 protocol. Spatial resolution, sensitivity, count rate and image quality were evaluated. The evaluation was supplemented with additional standardized uptake value (SUV) measurements. The spatial resolution was similar for the two systems. Average sensitivity was higher for the mMR (13.3 kcps/MBq) compared to the mCT system (10.0 kcps/MBq). Peak noise equivalent count rate (NECR) was slightly higher for the mMR (196 kcps @ 24.4 kBq/mL) compared to the mCT (186 kcps @ 30.1 kBq/mL). Scatter fractions in the clinical activity concentration range yielded lower values for the mCT (34.9 %) compared to those for the mMR (37.0 %). Best image quality of the systems resulted in approximately the same mean hot sphere contrast and a difference of 19 percentage points (pp) in mean cold contrast, in favour of the mCT. In general, point spread function (PSF) increased hot contrast and time of flight (TOF) increased both hot and cold contrast. Highest hot contrast for the smallest sphere (10 mm) was achieved with the combination of TOF and PSF on the mCT. Lung residual error was higher for the mMR (22 %) than that for the mCT (17 %), with no effect of PSF. With TOF, lung residual error was reduced to 8 % (mCT). SUV was accurate for both systems, but PSF caused overestimations for the 13-, 17- and 22-mm spheres. Both systems proved good performance characteristics, and the PET image quality of the mMR was close to that of the m

  12. The effect of preapplication of corticosteroids on skin irritation and performance of the GlucoWatch G2 Biographer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamada, Janet A; Davis, Tara L; Leptien, Amy D; Lee, Jonathan; Wang, Betty; Lopatin, Margarita; Wei, Charles; Wilson, Don; Comyns, Kathleen; Eastman, Richard C

    2004-06-01

    Skin irritation due to iontophoresis may limit the frequency of use of devices for drug delivery or transdermal extraction of analytes of clinical interest. This study examined whether preapplication of corticosteroid preparations could reduce skin irritation from iontophoresis used by the GlucoWatch G2 Biographer (Cygnus, Inc., Redwood City, CA) in monitoring interstitial glucose levels frequently and automatically. Numerous corticosteroid preparations were screened to identify formulations that did not interfere with adhesion of the Biographer to the skin or glucose sensing. Kenalog (Westwood-Squibb Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Buffalo, NY) (triamcinolone acetonide) and Cortizone-10 Quick Shot (Pfizer, Inc., New York, NY) (hydrocortisone) sprays were selected and, in a double-masked, randomized, controlled trial, were applied to the forearms of 66 subjects with diabetes and allowed to dry. Biographers were applied and worn for 15 h, and home blood glucose measurements were taken every 30 min to assess accuracy. Irritation was assessed periodically by trained observers and study subjects. Skin irritation was reduced by both corticosteroid sprays, with the fraction of subjects who experienced moderate irritation reduced by 57% and 43% for the Kenalog and Cortizone-10 Quick Shot sprays, respectively. The treatment effect persisted at the 1-week assessment. Preapplication of these preparations did not affect the clinical utility of interstitial glucose readings. Preapplication of Kenalog or Cortizone-10 Quick Shot sprays significantly reduced skin irritation due to iontophoresis, and did not interfere with glucose measurements. This approach may enable the minority of users who experience moderate to severe skin irritation to use the Biographer more frequently for diabetes management.

  13. Performance evaluation of Biograph PET/CT system based on Monte Carlo simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bing; Gao, Fei; Liu, Hua-Feng

    2010-10-01

    Combined lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) Biograph PET/CT is developed by Siemens Company and has been introduced into medical practice. There is no septa between the scintillator rings, the acquisition mode is full 3D mode. The PET components incorporate three rings of 48 detector blocks which comprises a 13×13 matrix of 4×4×20mm3 elements. The patient aperture is 70cm, the transversal field of view (FOV) is 58.5cm, and the axial field of view is 16.2cm. The CT components adopt 16 slices spiral CT scanner. The physical performance of this PET/CT scanner has been evaluated using Monte Carlo simulation method according to latest NEMA NU 2-2007 standard and the results have been compared with real experiment results. For PET part, in the center FOV the average transversal resolution is 3.67mm, the average axial resolution is 3.94mm, and the 3D-reconstructed scatter fraction is 31.7%. The sensitivities of the PET scanner are 4.21kcps/MBq and 4.26kcps/MBq at 0cm and 10cm off the center of the transversal FOV. The peak NEC is 95.6kcps at a concentration of 39.2kBq/ml. The spatial resolution of CT part is up to 1.12mm at 10mm off the center. The errors between simulated and real results are permitted.

  14. Biographic and behavioral factors are associated with music-related motor skills in children pianists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector, June T; Yong, Raymond; Altenmüller, Eckart; Jabusch, Hans-Christian

    2014-10-01

    This study aimed to identify biographical and behavioral factors associated with children pianists' motor skills using an objective assessment of a music-relevant motor task. Motor skills at the piano were assessed in 30 children pianists by measuring temporal unevenness in standardized scale playing using musical instrument digital interface (MIDI)-based scale analysis. Questionnaires were used to collect detailed information about the amount of time playing the piano, practice characteristics, attitudes toward music and practice, and the environment of music and practice. Associations between performance values and variables from the questionnaire were investigated using multivariable linear regression. A higher number of years playing the piano, more frequent parental involvement in the child's practice, more frequent practice of technical exercises, and greater enjoyment of practice and of the visual arts were associated with better motor performance. In addition to cumulative experience and aspects of practice, extrinsic motivational factors (e.g., parental interest) and intrinsic motivational factors (e.g., an artistic disposition) were associated with better performance on a musically-relevant motor task in children pianists.

  15. Psychometric and biographical correlates of drunk-driving recidivism and treatment program compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peck, R C; Arstein-Kerslake, G W; Helander, C J

    1994-11-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the extent to which drunk-driving (DUI) recidivism and DUI treatment program compliance could be predicted from psychometric, biographical, drinking history and prior-driving-record variables. These analyses were performed on data from 7,316 DUI offenders initially collected in Sacramento County, California, from September 1977 through January 1981. For most analyses, the recidivism measure was a composite of major convictions (DUI, reckless, hit-and-run), nighttime (6 PM-6 AM) and alcohol-related accidents during the 4-year interval following treatment assignment. The prediction of recidivism was highly significant for both the construct sample and the 25% cross-validation sample. The predictive accuracy was low, however, as evidenced by multiple Rs of recidivism generated for each individual by the regression equation were cross tabulated by other criteria of interest, including total accidents and total injury and fatal accidents. Offenders at high risk of recidivating had substantially higher rates of accidents. The results indicate that reasonably accurate prediction of recidivism is only possible for discriminating between offenders at the extremes of the recidivism expectancy distribution. The above approach was also used to isolate factors predictive of program compliance (successfully completing treatment). In all cases, the prediction of compliance was highly statistically significant. In general, compliance was much more predictable than was subsequent DUI recidivism. Those offenders having a high probability of being noncompliant were much more likely to recidivate and have accidents than were those with favorable compliance expectancies.

  16. Three-Dimensional Digital Campus Based on Google Earth and SketchUp%基于Google Earth与SketchUp的3维数字校园

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐华林; 周丽芸; 范冲

    2011-01-01

    以中南大学校本部为例,基于Google Earth软件平台,结合SketchUp的3维建模功能,建立3维校园模型。该方法实现了两种3维模型的浏览方式,为模型的上传提供了一种行之有效的方法。同时,对表面纹理绘制和贴图进行了探讨并提出相应的步骤。%Taking the main campus of Central South University as an example,and combined with the function of three-dimensional modeling for buildings of SketchUp,the three-dimensional model of campus is built up based on the platform of Google Earth.The way can provide two methods of browse for the three-dimensional model of campus,and an effective method of uploading 3D models.Meanwhile,we discuss how to create the superficial texture and stick it to models.Finally,we give the corresponding approach on this issue.

  17. 基于SketchUp和ArcGIS三维虚拟校园模型的设计与实现%Design and Realization of 3D Virtual Campus Model Based on Sketch Up and ArcGIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鹏

    2016-01-01

    以校区为例,基于SketchUp和ArcGIS软件的主要理论和建模方法,探讨了三维校园模型的构建,表面纹理贴图,了解了SketchUp和ArcGIS结合建模的具体流程,实现了校区的三维动画漫游。%Based on the theory and modeling method of Sketch Up and ArcGIS, this paper discusses the building and sur-face texture mapping of 3D campus model, gets the detailed process of modeling with Sketch Up and ArcGIS, and realizes the 3D animation of campus.

  18. By-Talk on the Operational Method of "Sketchup"%SketchUp使用杂谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵强

    2005-01-01

    SketchUp是相当简单而令人惊讶的强大工具,可以迅速地建构、显示、编辑3D模型。它融合了铅笔画的优美与自然笔触,以及现今数位媒体的速度与灵活性。喜欢手描素描图但发现CAD相当麻烦而有挫折感的人,将会感谢SketchUp的独特性与方法。它没有烦琐的命令操作,一切操作都是直观和三维的,非常适合建筑师在方案草图阶段推敲整体、局部、形体和细节时使用。

  19. Thinking about sketch teaching%素描教学思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯天

    2012-01-01

      素描是造型艺术的基础,是从事与视觉艺术相关专业人员的必修课。本文从素描教学入手,系统阐述了素描艺术、教学任务、教学方法,深入思考素描教学过程中几个关键性问题。%  Sketch is the base of the plastic arts and visual arts, is engaged in the relevant professional staff required course. This article from the sketch teaching, systematically expounds the drawing art, the task of teaching, teaching methods, deeply think about several key issues in the process of sketch teaching.

  20. THE SKETCHES OF MINANGKABAU SOCIETY IN NUR ST. ISKANDAR’S AND HAMKA’S NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasnur Asri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the sketches of Minangkabau society before independence as reflected in Nur St. Iskandar’s and Hamka’s novels. In Iskandar’s novel, a good character in society is a Western educated person who is an employer at the Dutch office. In Hamka’s novel, a good character of society is one holding religious (Islam education and working as an entrepreneur. Both characters reflect a social group who tends to demonstrate rationality and good attitude, but opposes any tradition that contradicts religion (Islam. The life sketches reflected in Nur St. Iskandar’s and Hamka’s novels also have impacts on the Minangkabau societies’ way of thinking.

  1. A sketch planning methodology for determining interventions for bicycle and pedestrian crashes: an ecological approach

    OpenAIRE

    Thakuriah, P.; Cottrill, C.; Thomas, N.; Vaughn, S.

    2010-01-01

    Bicycle and pedestrian safety planning have recently been gaining increased attention. With this focus, however, comes increased responsibilities for planning agencies and organizations tasked with evaluating and selecting safety interventions, a potentially arduous task given limited staff and resources. This study presents a sketch planning framework based on ecological factors that attempts to provide an efficient and effective method of selecting appropriate intervention measures. A Chica...

  2. 2D Sketch based recognition of 3D freeform shapes by using the RBF Neural Network

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, S F; Sun, Guangmin; Wright, D K; Lim, S.; Khan, U.; Mao, C.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a novel free-form surface recognition method from 2D freehand sketching. The approach is based on the Radial basis function (RBF), an artificial intelligence technique. A simple three-layered network has been designed and constructed. After training and testing with two types of surfaces (four sided boundary surfaces and four close section surfaces), it has been shown that the method is useful in freeform surface recognition. The testing results are very satisfactory.

  3. 2D sketch based recognition of 3D freeform shape by using the RBF neural network

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, SF; Sun, GM; Wright, DK; Lim, S.; Khan, U.; Mao, C.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a novel free-form surface recognition method from 2D freehand sketching. The approach is based on the Radial basis function (RBF), an artificial intelligence technique. A simple three-layered network has been designed and constructed. After training and testing with two types of surfaces (four sided boundary surfaces and four close section surfaces), it has been shown that the method is useful in freeform surface recognition. The testing results are very satisfactory.

  4. [Sketches of Swiss psychiatry in the generation after Eugen Bleuler and Sigmund Freud. With personal recollections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Kaspar

    2009-01-01

    Focussing on the leading staff of the psychiatric universitiy clinic of Waldau/Bern, the author sketches the reception of psychoanalysis in Switzerland around 1940. It ranged from outright rejection (Ernst Grünthal) via various forms of skepticism based on superficial (Jakob Klaesi) or thorough familiarity with Freud's writings (Jakob Wyrsch, Arnold Weber) to the discipleship of an analysand of Freud (Ernst Blum).

  5. John Charles Fields: a sketch of his life and mathematical work

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Every four years at the International Congress of Mathematicians the prestigious Fields medals, the mathematical equivalent of a Nobel prize, are awarded. The following question is often asked: who was Fields and what did he do mathematically? This question will be addressed by sketching the life and mathematical work of J ohn Charles Fields (1863 - 1932), the Canadian mathematician who helped establish the awards and after whom the medals are named.

  6. A System for Generating Operational Sketches Based on the Multi-level Graphic Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO Zhen-qiang; WANG Ning-sheng

    2001-01-01

    This paper points out the limitations of both parametric and geometric model methodscommonly applied to generate operational sketches in CAPP. The ideas of multi-level graphic library areintroduced and a new generative method based on this library which combines parametric method withgeometric model method is presented. The principles and characteristics of the construction of the library aredescribed in detail and the feature data structure corresponding with the library is also presented.

  7. Using Sketches and Knowledge Bases for Geo-Spatial Image Retrieval

    OpenAIRE

    Bertolotto, Michela; Carswell, James; McLoughlin, E.; O Sullivan, D.; Wilson, C

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents research in the field of knowledge management for geo-spatial imagery including scanned aerial photos and satellite images. We have developed a web-based system that allows users to query a database of images not only using metadata, but also drawing sketches of configurations of objects they are interested in as well as inputting textual descriptions of their intended task. Our system integrates case-based reasoning techniques to form a knowledge base from previously issu...

  8. Face Recognition Algorithm for Photographs and Viewed Sketch Matching Using Score-Level Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    So Ra Cho

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available For criminal searches, the necessity of matching photographs with sketches is increasing. Previously, matching was performed manually by a human observer, a time‐consuming process whose accuracy can be affected by the level of human expertise. Therefore, we propose a new face recognition algorithm for photographs and sketches. This research is novel in the following three ways. First, to overcome the decrease in matching accuracy due to pose and illumination variation, we use eye alignment and retinex filtering to normalize pose, size and illumination. Second, we compare the performance of various face recognition methods, such as principal component analysis (PCA, local binary pattern (LBP, local non‐negative matrix factorization (LNMF, support vector machine‐discriminant analysis (SVM‐DA and modified census transform (MCT, for the matching of photographs and viewed sketches. Third, these five face recognition methods are combined on the basis of score‐ level fusion to enhance matching accuracy, thereby overcoming the performance limitations of single face recognition methods. Experimental results using a CUHK dataset showed that the accuracy of the proposed method is better than that of uni‐modal face recognition methods.

  9. Lift-Off: Using Reference Imagery and Freehand Sketching to Create 3D Models in VR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Bret; Keefe, Daniel F

    2016-04-01

    Three-dimensional modeling has long been regarded as an ideal application for virtual reality (VR), but current VR-based 3D modeling tools suffer from two problems that limit creativity and applicability: (1) the lack of control for freehand modeling, and (2) the difficulty of starting from scratch. To address these challenges, we present Lift-Off, an immersive 3D interface for creating complex models with a controlled, handcrafted style. Artists start outside of VR with 2D sketches, which are then imported and positioned in VR. Then, using a VR interface built on top of image processing algorithms, 2D curves within the sketches are selected interactively and "lifted" into space to create a 3D scaffolding for the model. Finally, artists sweep surfaces along these curves to create 3D models. Evaluations are presented for both long-term users and for novices who each created a 3D sailboat model from the same starting sketch. Qualitative results are positive, with the visual style of the resulting models of animals and other organic subjects as well as architectural models matching what is possible with traditional fine art media. In addition, quantitative data from logging features built into the software are used to characterize typical tool use and suggest areas for further refinement of the interface.

  10. A Visual Navigation Method of Mobile Robot Using a Sketched Semantic Map

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinde Li

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A new visual navigation method for a mobile robot is proposed in this paper. Its originality lies in integrating a sketched map with a semantic map together for the robot’s navigation and in using unified tags to help recognize landmarks. In this sketched semantic map, the outline and semantic information of key referenced objects are used to represent themselves and a rough route for the robot’s navigation is also sketched. Over the course of robot navigation along the route, and in order to easily recognize the referenced objects from the complex background, a kind of unified label is designed and pasted on the potential referenced objects in advance. A recognition method based on the Pseudo-Zernike Moment and the Normalized Moment of Inertia is used to compute the matching degree between the real‐time image of the referenced object and its similar outline in a database. In addition, the odometer information is also fused so as to roughly localize the robot. Finally, through a series of experiments, the advantage and efficiency of the new navigation method with real‐time dynamic obstacle avoidance are testified with the help of the imprecise real map and route.

  11. Visualization-by-Sketching: An Artist's Interface for Creating Multivariate Time-Varying Data Visualizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, David; Keefe, Daniel F

    2016-01-01

    We present Visualization-by-Sketching, a direct-manipulation user interface for designing new data visualizations. The goals are twofold: First, make the process of creating real, animated, data-driven visualizations of complex information more accessible to artists, graphic designers, and other visual experts with traditional, non-technical training. Second, support and enhance the role of human creativity in visualization design, enabling visual experimentation and workflows similar to what is possible with traditional artistic media. The approach is to conceive of visualization design as a combination of processes that are already closely linked with visual creativity: sketching, digital painting, image editing, and reacting to exemplars. Rather than studying and tweaking low-level algorithms and their parameters, designers create new visualizations by painting directly on top of a digital data canvas, sketching data glyphs, and arranging and blending together multiple layers of animated 2D graphics. This requires new algorithms and techniques to interpret painterly user input relative to data "under" the canvas, balance artistic freedom with the need to produce accurate data visualizations, and interactively explore large (e.g., terabyte-sized) multivariate datasets. Results demonstrate a variety of multivariate data visualization techniques can be rapidly recreated using the interface. More importantly, results and feedback from artists support the potential for interfaces in this style to attract new, creative users to the challenging task of designing more effective data visualizations and to help these users stay "in the creative zone" as they work.

  12. Simultaneous structure and geometry detail completion based on interactive user sketches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Shen; QI Yue; QIN Hong

    2012-01-01

    We articulate a novel approach to geometric model completion via interactive sketches in this paper.First,the initial incomplete model (with holes) is decomposed into a base model and a high-frequency component,which represents global rough shape and geometric details,respectively.We then repair the base model via smooth hole-filling,and compute the geometry detail image using high frequency information.One novel element of our approach is that we allow users to interactively sketch a few structural curves that span across hole regions,with a goal to repair both local geometric details and global structure.With the help of local parameterization,we convert detailed geometry into gradient-domain images which can propagate along user-specified sketches.By integrating recovered gradient-domain images and base shape,we can generate a complete model that faithfully recovers both global structure and local details.The salient contribution of this paper is the unified approach for user interaction,global structure,and geometry details towards high-fidelity model completion.We demonstrate our new approach using a number of examples that exhibit salient global structure as well as local geometry details.

  13. Inquiry on tri-dimensional garden construction drawing expression on the basis of SketchUp%基于 SketchUp 的园林三维施工图表达探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晨

    2016-01-01

    以南京林业大学西潭内的园林小品(廊架)为例,绘制了AutoCAD施工图和SketchUp三维施工图,分析了两种表达方式的优劣势,提出了利用SketchUp绘制园林三维施工图的可行性方法,阐述了基于SketchUp的园林三维施工图表达探索的途径,解决了传统园林施工图不利于施工的问题.%Taking West Tan garden pieces( gallery framework) in Nanjing University of Forestry as an example, the paper draws AutoCAD con-struction drawing and SketchUp tri-dimensional construction drawing, analyzes their merits and defects, puts forward the feasibility of drawing tri-dimensional garden construction drawing by applying SketchUp, and illustrates tri-dimensional garden construction drawing expression inquiry on the basis of SketchUp. As a result, it solves adverse construction difficulties of traditional garden construction drawing.

  14. 基于SketchUp和ArcGIS三维虚拟校园模型的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鹏

    2016-01-01

    以校区为例,基于SketchUp和ArcGIS软件的主要理论和建模方法,探讨了三维校园模型的构建,表面纹理贴图,了解了SketchUp和ArcGIS结合建模的具体流程,实现了校区的三维动画漫游。

  15. 基于SketchUp的山西农大校区3D建模设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯瑞娜; 李娜; 宁杰

    2013-01-01

      以山西农业大学为例,运用Google SketchUp软件创建3维校园模型,并在Google Earth平台上展示。详细介绍了基于Google Earth的虚拟校园构建方法,并对SketchUp建模技巧进行了初步探讨。

  16. The architectural sketch Архитектурный эскиз

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozhevnikov Aleksandr Mikhaylovich

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The contribution of architectural sketching skills into the classical architectural education is unusually valuable, as this is the way future architects articulate and communicate their ideas to others.The author discusses the features of architectural sketching. He also analyzes methods of finding architectural forms, their crystallization and formation. Basic methods of contemporary architectural sketching include graphics, model-based and virtual techniques.Graphics is simple and widely used; it has numerous strengths and weaknesses. This method employs the whole range of graphic and pictorial techniques. This article contains a classification of graphic methods of sketching. The classification is built around the sketching instrument (a slate pencil, a brush, etc..Model sketching provides a sense of touch and generates certain textures. Therefore, model sketching is a highly intuitive and convenient tool employed at initial stages of design.A virtual method integrates the notions of “lines” and “volumes” into shapes having real physical properties.Each sketching method is self-contained. Skillful application of all the above methods of architectural sketching is the keystone to further successful design.Рассмотрены особенности работы над архитектурным эскизом. Показаны основные способы современного архитектурного эскизирования и обучения ему. Представлена классификация графических техник выполнения эскиза. За основу принят сам инструмент (графический стержень, кисть и т.д., которым выполняется эскиз, этот принцип более точно отражает всю возможную палитру техник выполнения графического эскиза. И

  17. Hermann Gottlieb Dohms: um perfil biográfico Hermann Gottlieb Dohms, a biographical profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin N. Dreher

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo verifica a inserção de comunidades de descendentes de alemães luteranos no Rio Grande do Sul, entre os fins do século XIX e o Estado Novo, valendo-se do perfil biográfico de Hermann Gottlieb Dohms, filho de imigrantes radicados no interior gaúcho. Após estudos teológicos na Europa, retornou ao Rio Grande do Sul, onde exerceu importante ação teológica, educacional e política. Na primeira metade do século XX fundou uma revista, uma escola, e foi destacado teórico da inserção de imigrantes alemães e de seus descendentes na sociedade brasileira. A partir de temática aparentemente circunscrita, o artigo aponta para questões que atingem o todo da inserção de imigrantes em um momento histórico marcado pelo fascismo e pelo totalitarismo.The article verifies the communities insertion of German Lutherans' descendents in Rio Grande do Sul trough the end of 19th century and Estado Novo, motivated by the biographical profile of Hermann Gottlieb Dohms, son of immigrants settled at the inner of the gaucho state. After his theological studies in Europe, Dohms returned to Rio Grande do Sul, where he had an important theological, educational and political role. During the first half of The 20th century he founded of a magazine, a school and proheminent theoretical of the German immigrants and their descendents' insertion in Brazilian society. Coming up with an apparently circunscript theme, the article points out questions that touch the whole insertion of immigrants in an historical moment which was marked by fascism and totalitarism.

  18. David Lodge’s Biographical Novel Author,Author and His Concepts of Biographical Fiction%戴维·洛奇的传记小说《作者,作者》与传记小说观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡志全

    2013-01-01

    Biographical fiction has become a new literary trend in Britain and America recently .More and more literary works tell life stories of real persons by the technique commonly used in fiction .Merging successfully the genres of biography and fiction ,David Lodge’s A uthor ,A uthor has a few salient charac-teristics in its structure ,perspective and some other aspects ,w hich reflects his thinking and concepts of biographical novel .T his paper studies Lodge’s concepts of biographical fiction by taking his A uthor ,A u-thor as a case in point .%传记小说是近年来英美小说创作的新倾向,越来越多的作品运用小说技巧讲述真人真事。戴维·洛奇的传记小说《作者,作者》成功地将传记和小说这两种文类有机融合,在故事结构、叙事视角等方面特色鲜明。戴维·洛奇传记小说体现了他对小说形式和题材创新的思考,反映了他的传记小说观。该文主要通过分析、引证洛奇的传记小说《作者,作者》,探究归纳戴维·洛奇的传记小说观。

  19. A Review of Chinese Biographical Literature Studies since the 21st Century%新世纪以来中国传记文学研究回顾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兰村; 全展

    2012-01-01

    进入新世纪以来,中国传记文学研究在十几年中取得新的实绩,具体体现在:传记文学理论研究取得了重大进展,传记文学理论体系初步建立;传记文学研究中国际对话格局业已形成;传记文学研究队伍壮大,新人辈出;传记研究者对当代传记现状更加关注,力图产生导向作用。%New achievements have been made in biographical literature studies in the past 12 years of the new century : there is a significant development of the theories of biographical literature ; a theoretical system of biographical literature has been formed; the international dialogues on biographical literature studies have emerged paid to ; the research forces have grown rapidly with new scholars springing up; and more attention has been the status quo of biographical literature by researchers with an effort to play the role of guidance.

  20. Enhancing ASTRO101 Student Engagement Using Student-Created ScienceSKETCHES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Timothy F.; Slater, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    As astronomy teaching faculty are changing their teaching strategies from those less desirable approaches that allow students to passively listen to professor-centered, information-lectures to more desirable, active-student engagement classrooms characterized by active learning, ASTRO 101 professors are looking for more ways to help students learn to participate in authentic scientific practices. This is consistent with notion advocated by the NRC that students should practice scientific thinking, scientific discourse, and scientific practices while learning science. Noticing that much informal scientific discussion is mediated by sketches—such as those occasionally lively discussions held after hours during scientific conferences—scholars at the CAPER Center for Astronomy & Physics Education Research have been piloting a series of active learning tasks where students are challenged to create scientific drawings to illustrate their understanding of astronomical phenomena or structures. Known informally as ScienceSKETCHES, examples of these tasks challenge students to illustrate: the spectral curve differences between high and low mass stars; the differences among galaxy shapes; the distribution of stars for the Andromeda Galaxy in terms of luminosity versus temperature; old and young planetary surfaces; or the relationships between distances and speeds of orbiting objects. Although our initial testing has focused on predominately on paper and pencil tasks, with the occasional cell phone picture of a ScienceSKETCH being texted to the professor, the electronic-based teaching world is nearly ready to support these sorts of drawing tasks. Already, the ability to complete and submit scientific sketches is becoming commonplace across electronic learning platforms, including shared white-boarding in many desktop videoconferencing systems, and handheld device learning systems for interactive classrooms, like those from Learning Catalytics, among many others. Our

  1. Phonological sketch and classification of Lawu, an undocumented Ngwi language of Yunnan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cathryn Yang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lawu is a severely endangered, undocumented Ngwi (Loloish language spoken in Yunnan, China. This paper presents a preliminary sketch of Lawu phonology based on lexico-phonetic data recorded from two speakers in 2008, with special attention to the tone splits and mergers that distinguish Lawu from other Ngwi languages. All tone categories except Proto-Ngwi Tone *3, a mid level pitch, have split, conditioned by the voicing of the initial segment. In the conditioning and effect of these tone splits, Lawu shows affinity with other Central Ngwi languages such as Lisu and Lahu and is provisionally classified as a Central Ngwi language.

  2. Sketch for a model of four epistemological positions toward computer game play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leino, Olli

    2008-01-01

    The paper attempts to sketch out four distinct epistemological positions toward the player, who is understood as derived from play and game. To map out the problem field, two equally challenged positions toward computer game play are observed, emerging from inadequate treatment of the differences...... an external viewpoint, appear as fulfilling a set criteria, while from an inclusive viewpoint, every object which affords being played is counted as a game. These polarities are combined on a two-dimensional plane in order to arrive at a four epistemological positions toward computer game play, which...

  3. DUL Radio: A light-weight, wireless toolkit for sketching in hardware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Lunding, Rasmus; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present the first version of DUL Radio, a small, wireless toolkit for sketching sensor-based interaction. It is a concrete attempt to develop a platform that balances ease of use (learning, setup, initialization), size, speed, flexibility and cost, aimed at wearable and ultra......-mobile prototyping where fast reaction is needed (e.g. in controlling sound). The target audiences include designers, students, artists etc. with minimal programming and hardware skills. This presentation covers our motivations for creating the toolkit, specifications, test results, comparison to related products...

  4. Constructing a survey over time: Audio-visual feedback and theatre sketches in rural Mali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Hertrich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge dissemination is an emerging issue in population studies, both in terms of ethics and data quality. The challenge is especially important in long term follow-up surveys and it requires methodological imagination when the population is illiterate. The paper presents the dissemination project developed in a demographic surveillance system implemented in rural Mali over the last 20 years. After basic experience of document transfer, the feedback strategy was developed through audiovisual shows and theatre sketches. The advantages and drawbacks of these media are discussed, in terms of scientific communication and the construction of dialogue with the target population.

  5. Ou Yang-xiu biographical prose chronicle method and "aeolus"%欧阳修散传的记事方法与“风神”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐裕敏

    2012-01-01

    欧阳修的散传创作很丰富,他的散传根据传主身份的不同而采用不同的记事方法,从而形成了不同的风格。而他最引入注目的风格是“史迁风神”,这让他的散传作品具有很高的文学价值。%Ou Yang-xiu's biographical prose creation is very rich, his biographical prose according to his identity is different and adopt different note method, thereby forming a different style. He is most attract sb's attention style is" only Shi Qian Fengshen", which makes his biographical prose works with high literary value.

  6. A DANE WRITES ABOUT CHOPIN. PEER HULTBERG’S “PRELUDES” AS AN EXAMPLE OF A CONTEMPORARY DANISH BIOGRAPHICAL NOVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Cymbrykiewicz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper A Dane writes about Chopin. Peer Hultberg’s “Preludes” as an example of a contemporary Danish biographical novel concerns the condition of a contemporary Danish biographical novel. The main focus is put on Peer Hultberg’s work Preludes on the famous Polish composer, Fryderyk Chopin. The author of the paper uses the definition of a biographical novel as Maria Jasinska understands it, and the definition of a modernist literary novel by Stephen J. Walton. The article also addresses other contemporary biographical novels written in Scandinavia. Its main aim is to examine in what respects Hultberg’s novel deviates from the standards of a modernist biographical novel. The research is based on four criteria: focus put on one character, chronological structure of the narration, including all life stages, presence of the milestones in the protagonist’s professional career and appearance of authentic characters in the novel’s plot. As it turns out, Preludes hardly fulfills any of the above-mentioned requirements. Although the protagonist is clearly defined, the polyphonic structure of the narration makes it difficult to focus on one character only. The chronological composition is present, but the plot does not include any of the milestones in the composer’s career, since the novel only concerns his childhood. As to authentic characters, they play a peripheral role in the novel’s plot. One can therefore assume that Peer Hultberg’s Preludes is a postmodernist biographical novel, where a fragment replaces the whole, and one stage of life, namely childhood, is capable of telling a story of the origin of genius.

  7. An operationalized procedure for the recognition of premorbid personality types in biographical case notes on psychiatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Zerssen, D; Pössl, J; Gruben, S; Tauscher, R; Barthelmes, H

    1994-01-01

    A method for the assessment of six premorbid personality types from biographical data in psychiatric case histories is described. Trained raters have to fill in a list comprising 106 items as descriptors of a patient's premorbid behavioural development. The assignment to the types in question (the "manic type" and its rare variant, the "happy-go-lucky type", the "melancholic type", the "anxious insecure type" and its rare variant, the "unrealistic dreamy type", and finally, the "nervous tense type") is computed on the basis of the item scores by forming type scores and comparing their height intraindividually. The subject under study is assigned to the type reaching the comparatively highest value. Two raters independently analyzed 261 records from which all information on mental disorders in family members and the patient himself/herself as well as all biographical data from the first manifestation of a symptom disorder onwards had been erased by technical assistants. In 106 of the records, a global assignment to the types of premorbid personality had already been performed by one of the authors of the typology. The scores for the same type assessed by the two ratings correlated highly with each other (0.77 to 0.80), the concordance of types reached a kappa-value of 0.55 (P < 0.001), and the results of the operationalized typing agreed in the same order with the result of global typing in the subsample of n = 106.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  8. 基于Google SketchUp的校园三维地图的制作%The Production of Virtual Campus' 3D Model Based on Google SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘忠伦

    2016-01-01

    利用Google SketchUp三维建模软件,以中南林业科技大学东园校区为例详细介绍了三维可视化的制作过程,包括导入SketchUp中1∶500校园地形图、三维模型的建立、模型的贴图、校园道路绿地的制作以及校园三维动画的制作和配音,体现了Google SketchUp在校园景观制作方面的强大功能和特点.建立虚拟校园用到的主要数据有1∶500的地形图、地物的纹理图片.

  9. Transformation of an uncertain video search pipeline to a sketch-based visual analytics loop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, Philip A; Chung, David H S; Parry, Matthew L; Bown, Rhodri; Jones, Mark W; Griffiths, Iwan W; Chen, Min

    2013-12-01

    Traditional sketch-based image or video search systems rely on machine learning concepts as their core technology. However, in many applications, machine learning alone is impractical since videos may not be semantically annotated sufficiently, there may be a lack of suitable training data, and the search requirements of the user may frequently change for different tasks. In this work, we develop a visual analytics systems that overcomes the shortcomings of the traditional approach. We make use of a sketch-based interface to enable users to specify search requirement in a flexible manner without depending on semantic annotation. We employ active machine learning to train different analytical models for different types of search requirements. We use visualization to facilitate knowledge discovery at the different stages of visual analytics. This includes visualizing the parameter space of the trained model, visualizing the search space to support interactive browsing, visualizing candidature search results to support rapid interaction for active learning while minimizing watching videos, and visualizing aggregated information of the search results. We demonstrate the system for searching spatiotemporal attributes from sports video to identify key instances of the team and player performance.

  10. The Creation and Modification of 3D Models Using Sketches and Curves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kara, Levent Burak; Shimada, Kenji

    This chapter describes a pen-based modeling system for the styling design of 3D objects. Our system is tailored toward the rapid and natural design of styling features such as freeform curves and surfaces. In a typical scenario, the user begins by constructing the base wireframe model of the design object. For this, the user first sketches the initial feature curves on a very rough and simplified 3D template model. This template model acts as a platform that helps anchor users' initial strokes in 3D space. Once the initial curves comprising the wireframe are constructed, the base 3D template is removed, leaving the user with a set of 3D curves. Next, through direct sketching, the user modifies the initially created curves to give them the precise desired form. After the desired wireframe is obtained, the user constructs interpolating surfaces that cover the wireframe. Finally, using two physically-based deformation tools, the user modifies the newly created surfaces to the desired shapes. Once the basic wireframe and surfaces are created, further details can be added using the same strategy of curve creation, curve modification, surface creation, and finally surface modification.

  11. Eight Noble Opinions and the Economic Crisis: Four Literary-philosophical Sketches à la Eduardo Galeano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Baruchello

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Four literary-philosophical skecthes are presented here in order to celebrate the ten-year anniversary of the publication of the official English translation of one of Eduardo Galeano's most important books: Upside Down: A Primer for the Looking-glass World. Each of these four sketches deals with the current economic crisis, though from different perspectives of analysis, and attempts to make use of the vibrant and creative sylistic devices characterising Galeano's works, particularly Upside Down. In this book, Galeano explored insightfully the roots of the crisis to come. His critical conclusions were analogous to those of another eccentric observer of the most notable economic phenomena of the 1990s, John McMurtry, whose perception of the looming crisis was even more profound and technical. Therefore, also this Canadian thinker, indeed his theory of value, is evoked in the four sketches, for McMurtry's onto-axiology reveals the ongoing contradiction between the relentless search for profit of the mostly virtual global script type=text/javascript src=http://nome.st5.stefna.is/joomla/plugins/editors/jce/tiny_mce/themes/advanced/langs/en.js?version=156/scriptscript type=text/javascript src=http://nome.st5.stefna.is/joomla/plugins/editors/jce/tiny_mce/plugins/advcode/langs/en.js?version=156/scripteconomy and the requirements of natural and human life.

  12. Beyond data collection in digital mapping: interpretation, sketching and thought process elements in geological map making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Hannah; Bond, Clare; Butler, Rob

    2016-04-01

    Geological mapping techniques have advanced significantly in recent years from paper fieldslips to Toughbook, smartphone and tablet mapping; but how do the methods used to create a geological map affect the thought processes that result in the final map interpretation? Geological maps have many key roles in the field of geosciences including understanding geological processes and geometries in 3D, interpreting geological histories and understanding stratigraphic relationships in 2D and 3D. Here we consider the impact of the methods used to create a map on the thought processes that result in the final geological map interpretation. As mapping technology has advanced in recent years, the way in which we produce geological maps has also changed. Traditional geological mapping is undertaken using paper fieldslips, pencils and compass clinometers. The map interpretation evolves through time as data is collected. This interpretive process that results in the final geological map is often supported by recording in a field notebook, observations, ideas and alternative geological models explored with the use of sketches and evolutionary diagrams. In combination the field map and notebook can be used to challenge the map interpretation and consider its uncertainties. These uncertainties and the balance of data to interpretation are often lost in the creation of published 'fair' copy geological maps. The advent of Toughbooks, smartphones and tablets in the production of geological maps has changed the process of map creation. Digital data collection, particularly through the use of inbuilt gyrometers in phones and tablets, has changed smartphones into geological mapping tools that can be used to collect lots of geological data quickly. With GPS functionality this data is also geospatially located, assuming good GPS connectivity, and can be linked to georeferenced infield photography. In contrast line drawing, for example for lithological boundary interpretation and sketching

  13. SketchUp大区域三维建模技术研究%Research on Technology of Three-dimensional Modeling in Large Area Based on SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范明华; 杜甘霖; 任家勇

    2012-01-01

    利用SketchUp软件能高效建模的特质,进行大区域的三维建模。对建模过程中涉及的思路进行探讨,针对其存在的一些问题和可以优化的方法进行介绍。利用SketchUp和Skyline的组合,实现了大范围三维建模和成果应用。

  14. 应用NEMA 2001标准测试Biograph 64/True V PET/CT性能%Biograph 64/True V performance measurements for a combined PET/CT scanner using the National Electrical Manufacturers Association 2001 standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国军; 张子纲; 贺海荣; 陈盛祖; 彭齐; 宣爱萍

    2009-01-01

    Objective Biograph 64/Troe V performance measumments were performed using National Electrical Manufacturers Association(NEMA)2001 standard.It could provide PET/CT NEMA 2001data.and analyze the advantage of Biograph 64/True V PET/CT by comparing testing results with other PET/CT data.Methotis Pefformance measuremen~included spatial resolution,sensitivitv,scatter fraction and count 1oss.~(18)F was used through out the testing.Spatial resolution based on its model.About 4.07 MBq ~(18)F was iniected into NEMA PET sensitivity model and the data was collected every 300 S.Scatter fraction and noise equivalent count were tested using scatter model with 1.037 MBq ~(18)F iniected in,and the data was collected every 15 min.every fragment for 10 min.totally 35 fragments.According to NEMA 2001 formula,image quality was evaluated based on body model.Results Average transverse and axial spatial resolution at l cm and at 10 em off center was 4.2(4.7)mm and 4.6(5.9)mm respectively.System sensitivity was 6.95×10~3·s~(-1)·MBq~(-1) for the two radial positions(0 and 10 cm).System scatter fraction was 32%. And noise equivalent count rate(NECR)was 1.46×10~5/s and 9.80×10~4/s.Conclusion The integrated PET/CT system Biograph 64/True V has overall excellent performance,in particularly,good resolution,high sensitivity.low scatter fraction and good NECR response.%目的 应用美国国家电器制造商协会(NEMA)2001标准对Biograph 64/True V(TV)PET/CT性能进行测试,以提供Biograph 64/TV测试数据并进行新老仪器测试结果 对照.方法 用NEMA 2001模型和测试方法 测试Biograph 64/TV PET/CT空间分辨率、灵敏度、散射分数和计数丢失参数,测试中使用~(18)F.用空间分辨率模型测试空间分辨率.将放射性活度4.07 MBq的~(18)F注射到NEMAPET灵敏度模型,测试灵敏度,每300 s采集1次数据.测散射分数和噪声等效计数:采用散射模型,且向模型内置人活度1.037 MBq ~(18)F,采集35帧,每帧采集10 min,间隔15

  15. 浅谈水土保持措施典型设计图中SketchUp的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕英; 韩笑冬; 王海祥

    2013-01-01

    文章在分析、比较传统制图与三维设计制图优缺点的基础上,参考园林设计中应用情况,在水保措施设计中推荐应用SketchUp.通过SketchUp制图,可以形象的表现措施实施后的效果,提高水土保持措施设计的实用性.

  16. SketchUp在《室内装饰制图》教学中的实践应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰

    2015-01-01

    通过对《室内装饰制图》课程里关于三视投影图、剖面图、室内装饰施工图等内容的教学难点分析和SketchUp软件自身特点与优势的研究,结合笔者自身教学实践,探讨了SketchUp在该课程教学中的具体应用。

  17. 浅析 SketchUp 草图大师软件建模的特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟妍

    2013-01-01

      SketchUp 草图大师是一套令人耳目一新的设计工具,它给建筑师带来边构思边表现的体验。通过学习 SketchUp 草图大师软件建模的特点及基本功能,分析软件建模插件在设计类专业教学中的应用。可以为设计师提供更为广阔的创新空间。

  18. SketchUp 在《园林制图》教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓洁; 龙冰雁

    2014-01-01

    《园林制图》课程的教学目标是培养学生的空间想象和抽象思维能力,SketchUp 是一款操作简便的3D建模软件,结合举例应用证明:适度使用 SketchUp 替代传统教具,可将《园林制图》中的教学难点直观化、形象化。

  19. 柳诒徵与近代中国传记史学%Liu Yizheng and modern biographical history of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴忠良

    2013-01-01

    Biographical historical theory wasn't well developed in modern China , while biographical history was thriving .Liu Yizheng made great achievements in Chinese cultural history as well as in biographical history .He produced many biographies of other famous people and also autobiography of himself .The characteristics of his bi-ographies of attaching importance to enlightenment , academic values and facts manifested the special aspect of mod-ern biographical history of China .%传记史学理论在中国近代虽然不甚发达,但传记史学却颇为兴盛。柳诒徵不仅在中国文化史、史学理论等方面成就显著,在传记史学方面也颇有建树,他传、自传多有行世,而其传记的注重教化、学术性、真实性等特点,也昭示了中国近代传记史学的特有面向。

  20. The Relationship Between Self-Concept and Certain Academic, Vocational, Biographical, and Personality Variables of Entering Male Freshmen at a Major Land Grant University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badgett, John L., Jr.

    The relationship between the self-concepts and certain academic, vocational, biographical, and personality variables of freshmen students was examined to provide the basis for a more scientific approach to academic-vocational counseling. The subjects completed the Self-Rating Scale, the Fascism Scale, and the Military Ideology Scale, and a student…

  1. New Village Landscape Design Based on CAD, SketchUp & Photoshop%基于CAD Sketch Up Photoshop三位一体的新农村景观设计实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹子

    2012-01-01

    In this article, three types of software e.g., CAD, SketchUp and Photoshop and their functions in landscape design were described. Based on the case study of a small-scale new-village landscape, the design process and the roles of CAD, SketchUp and Photoshop were discussed respectively, hoping to find design methods of high quality and efficiency.%描述了CAD、SketchUp、Photoshop三种与设计相关的软件及在景观设计中的作用,通过对一个新农村小型景观的具体案例的研究,探讨景观的设计流程及CAD、SketchUp、Photoshop的使用情况和在流程中分别扮演的角色,从而寻求高品质的、高效的景观设计方法。

  2. Google SketchUp及其插件在包装设计中的应用研究%Application Research on Google SketchUp and Plugin in Packaging Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋继东

    2011-01-01

    以现代包装设计中存在的包装软件操作复杂对设计构思的负面影响为启示,从设计与表现关系角度分析了包装软件与包装设计的内在联系,提出了将Google SketchUp软件应用于包装设计中的建议,分析了SketchUp软件在包装设计过程中具有的积极作用,并针对SketchUj,在包装设计构思中的应用进行了论述,进而论述了该软件以及插件在包装材质、色彩设计和表现交流中的作用.在此基础上,论证了通过使用Google SketchUp不仅为包装设计师实现设计与表现一体化提供了可能,而且为设计师提供了实现思维直观化的便利.

  3. GoogleEaCh和SketchUp环境下三维场景建立方法研究%Studies on the Implementation Methods of 3D Scene Based on Google Earth and Sketch Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高彦丽; 刘建平; 贾云朋; 苏洁; 张楠; 陈敬东; 温扬

    2012-01-01

    三维场景是直观有效表达客观世界的方法之一,在建筑、交通、城市规划和GIS领域均有广泛的应用。本文以石家庄经济学院为例,介绍了采用SketchUp作为建模工具,以GoogleEarth为模型浏览平台的三维场景建立方法,阐述了SketchUp建模的方法和步骤、模型上传与发布等方面的内容。最后得出结论:该方法较其他三维场景建立方法具有简洁、易学、网络共享等优点。%3D Scene is an intuitive and effective method of expressing the real world. It has been widely used in building, transportation, city planning and GIS area. For the Shijiazhuang University of Economic case, this arti- cle introduces the implementation methods of 3D scene which has used the Sketch Up as modeling tool, and the Google Earth as the model browser. It also expounds the method and step of modeling using Sketch Up, models u- ploading and releasing. At last, the paper gives the conclusion that this method has the advantages of briefness and internet tethering.

  4. Application of SketchUp in Coke Oven Three-Dimensional Digital Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuguang Ouyang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Coke oven, which is a large industrial furnace, is complex in structure. A two-dimensional structure diagram can hardly help one observe the inner structure of a coke oven or master its working principle comprehensively. In order to solve this problem, a complete 3D digital model of a coke oven is generated by assembling the three-dimensional models of coke oven components created with SketchUp. It enables users to section the various components of the cove oven. The outer appearance and inner structure of the oven components also can be displayed visually from several different orientations. Moreover, it is convenient to storage and carry, operation easily and fast. It can be displayed on an ordinary computer and occupies no space at the laboratory. Meanwhile, a large sum of money that used for purchasing a physical coke oven model can be saved.

  5. Analysis of Humor in Zhao Benshan’s Comic Sketch from Relevance Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹

    2012-01-01

      Humor is a pervasive human phenomenon. It is observable in many spheres and aspects of life in various human interactions. Humor plays an important role in our social life. Relevance Theory provides a new perspective on the analysis of humor interpretation. From a relevance-theoretic point of view, humor interpretation is a cognitive process in which the addressee is willing to sacrifice more cognitive effort to access the more covert interpretation in pursuit of the extra ef ect—amusement brought about by comic sketch. The conclusion is made in the end in which the Relevance Theory works as it plays such an important role in analyzing humor production that helps us understand and appreciate Zhao’s humor better.

  6. Using evolutionary design to interactively sketch car silhouettes and stimulate designer's creativity

    CERN Document Server

    Cluzel, François; Dihlmann, Markus; 10.1016/j.engappai.2012.02.011

    2013-01-01

    An Interactive Genetic Algorithm is proposed to progressively sketch the desired side-view of a car profile. It adopts a Fourier decomposition of a 2D profile as the genotype, and proposes a cross-over mechanism. In addition, a formula function of two genes' discrepancies is fitted to the perceived dissimilarity between two car profiles. This similarity index is intensively used, throughout a series of user tests, to highlight the added value of the IGA compared to a systematic car shape exploration, to prove its ability to create superior satisfactory designs and to stimulate designer's creativity. These tests have involved six designers with a design goal defined by a semantic attribute. The results reveal that if "friendly" is diversely interpreted in terms of car shapes, "sportive" denotes a very conventional representation which may be a limitation for shape renewal.

  7. Designing an intranet from scratch to sketch: experiences from techniques used in the IDEnet project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berndtsson, Johan

    1999-01-01

    The choice of techniques to support system design is important in order to achieve a satisfactory result with regard to the quality of the future system. In the IDEnet development project, we chose to work with techniques used within, or inspired by, three different research areas: sociology......, participatory design and human-computer interaction. This paper discusses the use of one technique from each of these research areas in the development of an intranet (IDEnet) from `scratch to sketch' at the Department of Computer Science and Business Administration (IDE) in the University College of Karlskrona....../Ronneby in Sweden. The advantages and disadvantages for the use of each technique for system design are also discussed....

  8. An historical, biographical, literary, and clinical consideration of Freud's 'Analysis Terminable and Interminable' on its fiftieth birthday.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewenberg, P

    1988-01-01

    Freud's paper is re-examined and placed in biographical and historical context, Moses and monotheism (1934-1938) is treated as a parallel text. Freud's ironic scepticism is viewed against the background of Thomas Mann's 1936 idealization of psychoanalysis. Freud was a sick and dying man in 1937 with every reason for personal pessimism. The political setting was the triumph of fascism in Austria and the impending seizure of Austria by Hitler. Freud fantasized the protection of psychoanalysis by the Roman Catholic Church. The paper is a polemic against the theories of Ferenczi, Adler, and Rank. Contemporaneous defence of prophylactic analysis by Fenichel is reviewed. Freud's political judgement of the moral equivalence of Social Democracy and fascism is critiqued. Freud's injunction to periodic re-analysis and his vision of analysis as 'unending' is supported. The possibility of intergenerational prophylaxis is presented.

  9. Use of Google SketchUp to implement 3D spatio-temporal visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Linhai; Qu, Lina; Ying, Shen; Liang, Dongdong; Hu, Zhenlong

    2009-10-01

    Geovisualization is an important means to understand the geographic features and phenomena. Urban space, especially buildings, keeps changing with social development. However, traditional 2D visualization can only represent the plane geometric description, which is unable to support 3D dynamic visualization. Only with 3D dynamic visualization can the buildings' spatial morphology be exhibited temporally, including buildings' creation, expansion, removing, etc. But these buildings' changes are impossible to be studied in traditional 2D and 3D static visualization systems. As a result, it becomes urgent to find an effective solution to implement 3D spatial-temporal visualization of buildings. Inspired by 2D spatial-temporal visualization methods, like snapshot and event-based spatio-temporal data model(ESTDM), we propose a new data model called Spatio-Temporal Page Model(STPM) and implement 3D spatial-temporal visualization in Google SketchUp based on STPM. This paper studies 3D visualization of real estate focusing on its spatio-temporal characteristics. First of all, 3D models are built for every temporal scenario by the Google SketchUp. And every Geo-object is identified by a unique and permanent ObjectID, the linkage of Geo-objects between different time spots. Then, each temporal scenario is represented as page. After having the page series, finally, it is possible to display its spatial-temporal changes and create an animation. Underlying this solution, we have built a prototype system on part of real estate data. It is proven that users are able to understand clearly the real estate's changes from our prototype system. Consequently, we believe our method for 3D spatial-temporal visualization definitely has many merits.

  10. Application of the Sketch Match method in Sulina coastal study area within PEGASO project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marin, Eugenia; Nichersu, Iuliana; Mierla, Marian; Trifanov, Cristian; Nichersu, Iulian

    2013-04-01

    The Sketch Match approach for Sulina pilot case was carried out in the frame of the project "People for Ecosystem Based Governance in Assessing Sustainable Development of Ocean and Coast" - PEGASO, funded by the Seventh Framework Programme. The PEGASO project has been designed to identify common threats and solutions in relation to the long-term sustainable development and environmental protection of coastal zones bordering the Mediterranean and Black Seas in ways relevant to the implementation of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Protocol (ICZM) for the Mediterranean. PEGASO will use the model of the existing ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean and adjust it to the needs of the Black Sea through innovative actions, one of them being Refine and develop efficient and easy to use tools for making sustainability assessments in the coastal zone tested through a number of relevant pilot sites. Thus, for the Romania case study, the Sketch Match approach was selected, being an interactive public participation planning method, developed by the Dutch Government, and applied for Sulina area in order to stimulate support and involvement from stakeholders regarding Integrated Coastal Zone Management Protocol by consulting and involving these people in the planning process and making use of a coherent package of interactive methods. Participants were representatives of a wide range of stakeholders, varying from local fisherman to representatives of the Local and County council and Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Authority. They participated in a two-day design session, focused on problems and potentials of the area, with the aim to work out possible solutions for an integrated coastal spatial planning, focusing on the parallel enhance of the various local functions in the spatial design (coastal area protection next to industry, tourism, nature, recreation, and other activities).

  11. To Explore the Effect of Sub Consciousness on Sudden Moments of Inspiration (SMI) in the Sketching Process of Industrial Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qun; Wang, Yecheng

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the occurrence of Sudden Moments of Inspiration (SMI) in the sketching process of industrial design through experiments to explain the effect of sub consciousness on SMI. There are a pre-experiment and a formal experiment. In the formal experiment, nine undergraduates majoring in industrial design with same…

  12. The Effects of Using Google SketchUp on the Mental Rotation Skills of Eighth Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkoc, Mehmet Fatih; Gecu, Zeynep; Erkoc, Cigdem

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of Google SketchUp, which is a computer aided design (CAD) software, on the Mental Rotation Skills of eighth grade students. For this purpose, in the spring semester of the 2011-2012 academic year, a treatment was conducted with 62 students comprised of 8A and 8B classes in the GSD…

  13. SketchUp在沈彰新城虚拟小区构建中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟丽

    2015-01-01

    近年来,随着数字城市和智慧城市的发展,虚拟现实技术也逐渐壮大,其中SketchUp软件在三维建筑和景观方面的应用优点突出,被广泛使用.本文主要内容是利用沈彰新城的CAD规划图纸、建筑图纸和景观规划图纸,用SketchUp、AutoCAD、Photoshop和V-Ray软件制作一个居民住宅小区——光华小区的三维模型.得到的成果包括光华小区的SketchUp模型、SketchUp导出的动画视频和渲染的部分场景的效果图.近似模拟现实中的景观,供政府部门的规划决策和购房者真实感受小区的环境,比如光照情况、景观和交通等,有很大的实用价值.

  14. Use of Portfolio Assessment Technique in Teaching Map Sketching and Location in Secondary School Geography in Jos, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugodulunwa, Christiana; Wakjissa, Sayita

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the use of portfolio assessment technique in teaching map sketching and location in geography in Jos, Nigeria. It adopted a quasi-experimental design. Two schools were selected using a table of random numbers from a population of 51 schools in Jos South and assigned to each of experimental and control group. The…

  15. Drawing-Based Simulation for Primary School Science Education: An Experimental Study of the GearSketch Learning Environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenaars, F.A.J.; Joolingen, van W.R.; Gijlers, A.H.; Bollen, L.

    2012-01-01

    Touch screen computers are rapidly becoming available to millions of students. These devices make the implementation of drawing-based simulation environments like Gear Sketch possible. This study shows that primary school students who received simulation-based support in a drawing-based learning env

  16. New Methods in Design Education: The Systemic Methodology and the Use of Sketch in the Conceptual Design Stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westermeyer, Juan Carlos Briede; Ortuno, Bernabe Hernandis

    2011-01-01

    This study describes the application of a new product concurrent design methodologies in the context in the education of industrial design. The use of the sketch has been utilized many times as a tool of creative expression especially in the conceptual design stage, in an intuitive way and a little out of the context of the reality needs that the…

  17. Visuo-spatial knowledge acquisition in individuals with Down syndrome: The role of descriptions and sketch maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneghetti, Chiara; Lanfranchi, Silvia; Carretti, Barbara; Toffalini, Enrico

    2017-03-02

    Few studies on individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have explored how they learn space. The present study examines space learning from verbal descriptions in individuals with DS, and explores the role of external cues (such as a sketch map). Twenty-eight individuals with DS and 28 matched typically-developing (TD) children listened to route or survey descriptions with or without seeing a corresponding sketch map (Description+Sketch Map [D+SM] and Description alone [D], respectively). After hearing each description, they performed tasks that involved recognizing, arranging sequentially, and locating landmarks. The results showed that individuals with DS performed less well in recognizing landmarks and arranging them sequentially. The D+SM condition produced general benefits in both groups' accuracy, though the improvement in locating landmarks was greater in the TD than in the DS group. In both groups, the D+SM condition prompted a better performance than the D condition when participants arranged landmarks sequentially after hearing a description from a route perspective, but not from a survey perspective. Overall, our results show that individuals with DS benefited when a spatial description was associated with a corresponding sketch map, albeit to a lesser degree than TD children. The findings are discussed in the light of the literature on DS and on spatial cognition in the TD domain.

  18. The format of things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørnø, Rasmus Leth

    of much older interfaces that are discussed in philosophy and cognition theory under headlines such as ‘perception,’ ‘cognition’ and ‘representation.’ The conception that is disputed is that the primary way of making sense of the world is to deal with things. In the course of the dissertation...... or surpasses speech and writing. The well from which we draw our design ideas for novel interfaces is therefore needlessly restricted by a format that has outlived its purpose. The objective of the thesis is to dismantle the format of things as well as to sketch out novel paths of inquiry for new interfaces....... The dissertation is based on ideas found in philosophy, Human-Computer Interaction, Cognition theory (enacted, embodied, embedded, extended, situated and distributed), cybernetics, ecological theory, and sociology. The intention is not to take credit for the insight that the world has to be considered in dynamic...

  19. A Case Study on the Electronic Map System of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences’Infrastructures Based on Google Earth and Sketch Up%浅析基于 Google Earth 及 Sketch Up 科研机构基础设施演示系统的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王唯涌; 赵红萍; 王征硕

    2014-01-01

    以中国水产科学研究院为研究对象,在 Google Earth 系统中,对其所属的37块科研用地进行标定与勘界;加载46个主要科研基础设施(含2艘渔业资源调查船)的 Sketch Up 模型,由此构建一个较为完整的水科院科研机构基础设施演示系统。结果表明,通过对该演示系统的实际应用,管理者能够便捷、直观、全面地了解、掌握一个大型综合科研机构地理区位布局以及主要基础设施的基本情况,为开展科研条件和基建管理工作提供了较好的技术支撑。%Based on Google Earth and Sketch Up,an electronic map system is founded,which is integrated in Chinese A-cademy of Fishery Sciences’(CAFS)lands and main infrastructures. By the means of scanning in the map,the general in-formation of the main CAFS’hard resources is able to be found.

  20. General Andrew Wauchope of Niddrie Marischal. A character sketch and brief historical tribute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric McPherson

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Two months after the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War a series of battles took place which shook Britain. These were Stormberg (10 December1899, Magersfontein (11 December 1899 and Colenso (15 December 1899. All had been reverses for the British army and had taken place within a week which became known as Black Week - a phrase coined by the British Liberal Party politician Asquith. Great Britain was regarded as having the world's most powerful army at the time and the losses suffered against the Boers resulted in humiliation and anguish for the British nation. However, nowhere was the anguish greater than in Scotland for at Magersfontein the Highland Brigade had fared badly suffering severe losses including their commander, Major-General Andrew Wauchope, killed in action. As Conan Doyle put it, "Never has Scotland had a more grievous day than this at Magersfontein. She had always given her best blood with lavish generosity for the Empire, but it may be doubted if any single battle has ever put' so many families of high and low, into mourning from the Tweed to Caithness shore." (Doyle, 1900:24 In the words of biographer William Baird "the empire has lost one of its noblest and best, a hero has gone down to his rest ere his full life's work was done". (Baird, 1902:196 Although these statements may seem somewhat flowery and were expressed during a period of much patriotic fervour, they nevertheless indicate the emotional reaction to Andrew Wauchope's untimely death.

  1. The Construction and Implementation of the Interactive and Virtual Digital Campus Based on Sketch Up and VRP%基于Sketch Up与VRP的交互式虚拟数字校园构建与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新志; 薛鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    Based on the modeling software Sketch Up and the visual simulation and application software VRP, the construction and browsing of the interactive and virtual digital campus model of Nanjing University of Information Engineering & Technology are a-chieved. The paper discusses such issues as the data needs, data acquisition method and the realization of the interactive browsing with VRP.%结合Sketch Up建模软件和VRP可视化仿真应用软件,实现了南京信息工程大学虚拟数字校园模型构建与交互式浏览;讨论了校园3维模型构建中的数据需求、数据获取方法,以及用VRP实现交互式浏览应注意的一些问题.

  2. 基于Google SketchUp与Google Earth的校园3维实现%Realization of 3D Virtual Campus Based on Google SketchUp and Google Earth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄皖毅; 林紫峰; 章皖秋; 周靖菲; 齐超

    2011-01-01

    A virtual campus was realized based on the Southwest Forest University. The 3D models of the campus infrastructure were constructed and optimized by using Google SketchUp, and the virtual campus was deployed on the platform of Google Earth. Two examples were also given in the end to demonstrate the applications of the virtual campus.%以西南林学院为例,采用Google SketchUp创建3维建筑模型,介绍了建模方法和优化技术,并在GoogleEarth平台上发布了西南林学院校园3维全景,利用两个生活实例初步探讨了校园3维的应用功能.

  3. 基于GIS耦合SketchUp技术的三维地层模型绘制方法%A Method of Plotting Three Dimensional Stratum Model Based on Coupled GIS and SketchUp Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋仁波

    2014-01-01

    针对三维地质建模工作繁琐、复杂,从手工绘制地质模型角度提出了一种基于GIS耦合SketchUp技术的三维地层模型绘制方法.采用钻孔资料作为数据源,通过ArcGIS的插值和栅格转换工具生成地层三角网格.然后利用SketchUp的封面插件和表面求交工具,生成地层的三维体模型.该方法操作简单、直观和易于掌握,具有一定的推广和应用价值.

  4. SketchUp软件辅助建筑工程制图与识图教学%On the Teaching of "Construction Drawing and Its Id-entification" Aided by SketchUp Software

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金志辉; 金志梅; 莫晓

    2012-01-01

      用SketchUp软件创建模型辅助建筑工程制图与识图教学,用模型动态演示了投影原理,点、线、面的投影,立体的投影,轴测图,透视图,剖面图。但是该软件还存在剖面图中看不到内部结构,文字标注不准确的不足%  With SketchUp software, models can be created to aid the teaching of "Construction Drawing and Its Identification". But there exist the following disadvantages of this software:inte-rnal structure cannot be seen from a sectional drawing, and text label is not accurate.

  5. Discussion on Application of Building Performance Simulation Software based on SketchUp%基于SketchUp建筑性能模拟软件的介绍与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高莹; 侯寰宇; 吴伟东

    2016-01-01

    方案设计阶段的建筑性能模拟是实现建筑低能耗目标的关键阶段,基于SketchUp的建筑性能模拟插件的应用为建筑师提供了进行建筑性能分析的可能性.实际应用中由于性能插件信息的专业性和复杂性,其在方案设计阶段的应用并不普遍.通过比较目前基于SketchUp平台的常用建筑性能模拟软件的应用特点,来探讨适应方案设计阶段的性能模拟软件开发的发展趋势.

  6. Study on Construction of Three-dimensional Scene Based on SketchUp and ArcGIS%基于SketchUp和ArcGIS的三维场景构建技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈靖翔; 况明生; 杨坤

    2011-01-01

    Three-dimensional visualization is one of new trend of CIS research. This paper proposes a method to construct three-dimensional scene, and introduces the process and steps in detail.%三维可视化是GIS研究的新趋势之一.提出一种基于SketchUp和ArcGIS的三维场景构建方法,详细介绍此方法的流程与步骤.

  7. Divine Doctors: The Construction of the Image of Three Greek Physicians in Islamic Biographical Dictionaries of Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbou Hershkovits, Keren

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the way authors of three medieval Islamic biographical dictionaries portrayed the lives, behavior and characteristics of three key figures of Greco-Roman medicine, Asclepius, Hippocrates and Galen. Particular attention was given to the vocabulary and phrasing used in the biographies, and associations with other literary genres or figures. An analysis of these biographies demonstrates a significant resemblance between the portrayal of these Greco-Roman physicians and the lives of prophetic figures in Islam, and especially that of the Prophet Muḥammad. In addition, these biographies align with features attributed to pious Muslims. This study demonstrates that Muslim biographers constructed these biographies as part of a general tendency to associate medicine with Islam, and the origins of medical knowledge with prophetic wisdom. This study mantains that the connotations and use of this particular terminology allows for a positive view of the science of medicine in these Islamic compositions in which they were included.Este artículo analiza la manera en que los autores de tres diccionarios biográficos islámicos medievales retrataron la vida y características de las tres figuras más destacadas de la medicina greco-romana: Asclepio, Hipócrates y Galeno. Se presta especial atención al vocabulario y al estilo empleado en las biografías, así como a su relación con otros géneros literarios o figuras. El análisis de estas biografías revela un considerable parecido entre el retrato de estos tres médicos greco-romanos y la vida de algunos profetas en el Islam, especialmente la del Profeta Muḥammad. Asimismo, estas biografías presentan elementos atribuidos a musulmanes piadosos. Este estudio demuestra que los biógrafos musulmanes construyeron esas biografías como parte de una tendencia general a asociar la medicina con el Islam y los orígenes del saber médico con la sabiduría profética. Igualmente, sostiene que

  8. I’m Wife,I’ve Finished That:Analysis of the Feminism Views of Emily Dickinson in a Biographical Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴悠

    2015-01-01

    The nineteen century in America is in a typical patriarchal society.Women were judged as dependent to the men and their main tasks were taking care of their husband and children.In this paper,I will looking at Emily Dickinson’s opinion about feminism through the poem“I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that” in a biographical perspective.This paper is divided by three parts,the first part provides an overview of reasons for Dickinson to write such a poem.The second part discusses the poem“I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that” in a biographical view.Mainly to dig out why did Dickinson write such a poem.The third part examines attitude of Dickinson about feminism through the poem“I’m wife,I’ve finished that.”

  9. I’m Wife,I’ve Finished That:Analysis of the Feminism Views of Emily Dickinson in a Biographical Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴悠

    2015-01-01

    The nineteen century in America is in a typical patriarchal society.Women were judged as dependent to the men and their main tasks were taking care of their husband and children.In this paper,I will looking at Emily Dickinson’s opinion about feminism through the poem "I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that" in a biographical perspective.This paper is divided by three parts,the first part provides an overview of reasons for Dickinson to write such a poem.The second part discusses the poem "I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that" in a biographical view.Mainly to dig out why did Dickinson write such a poem.The third part examines attitude of Dickinson about feminism through the poem "I’m wife,I’ve finished that."

  10. Superiorities and Applications on the SketchUp Software in Landscape Conceptual Design Representation%SketchUp软件在景观概念性设计表现中的优势及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁亮; 李静

    2012-01-01

    The landscape conceptual design features and ways of thinking were analyzed briefly ,the SketchUp software features and superiorities in conceptual design representation were introduced. Through case studies--Hefei Cool Car Club conceptual design of the outdoor landscape,the function of photo match modeling and fast performance in the conceptual design by the SketehUp software were displayed.%简要分析了景观概念性设计的特点和思维方法,介绍了SketchUp软件特征及其在概念设计表现中的优势,并通过案例分析——合肥酷卡汽车俱乐部室外景观概念性设计,展示了SketchUp软件的照片匹配建模功能和快速表现在概念性设计中的应用。

  11. “Spray Technique: Tracing the Sketch Traditions of Limestone Cave in Lenggong, Perak”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahaya Fatan Hamamah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Archaeological research provides the widest opportunity for researchers to analyse various aspects and disciplines appropriate to the subject and the object of choice. Subject and object selection is the work of exploration artefacts found in particular sites and archaeological heritage. Exploration and excavation on of a world heritage site such as Lenggong enables researchers to uncover various archaeological artefacts that are rich and meaningful. To find evidence of the strength and benefits of an artefact, further studies on each artefact should be carried out continuously. This essay will track the wisdom of the ancient artists use to produce paintings in a limestone cave in Lenggong, Perak, using spray techniques. Some artefacts that are identified as cave paintings show a very interesting sketch technique that are unique and special. This essay will also examine some of the cave paintings in other caves in Perak and also other caves in several countries as comparison. Studies involving cave paintings in Malaysia are new compared to Western countries. Thus, the study of one of the technique which is spray technique can open the eyes of the audience to acknowledge and recognise the ancient heritage. It also hoped that this study is able to increase the body of knowledge that goes beyond the boundaries of the arts district and the country.

  12. A Functional Sketch For Resources Management In Collaborative Systems For Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moca Mircea

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a functional design sketch for the resource management module of a highly scalable collaborative system. Small and medium enterprises require such tools in order to benefit from and develop innovative business ideas and technologies. As computing power is a modern increasing demand and no easy and cheap solutions are defined, especially small companies or emerging business projects abide a more accessible alternative. Our work targets to settle a model for how P2P architecture can be used as infrastructure for a collaborative system that delivers resource access services. We are focused on finding a workable collaborative strategy between peers so that the system offers a cheap, trustable and quality service. Thus, in this phase we are not concerned about solutions for a specific type of task to be executed by peers, but only considering CPU power as resource. This work concerns the resource management module as a part of a larger project in which we aim to build a collaborative system for businesses with important resource demands

  13. Fractality of Massive Graphs: Scalable Analysis with Sketch-Based Box-Covering Algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Akiba, Takuya; Takaguchi, Taro

    2016-01-01

    Analysis and modeling of networked objects are fundamental pieces of modern data mining. Most real-world networks, from biological to social ones, are known to have common structural properties. These properties allow us to model the growth processes of networks and to develop useful algorithms. One remarkable example is the fractality of networks, which suggests the self-similar organization of global network structure. To determine the fractality of a network, we need to solve the so-called box-covering problem, where preceding algorithms are not feasible for large-scale networks. The lack of an efficient algorithm prevents us from investigating the fractal nature of large-scale networks. To overcome this issue, we propose a new box-covering algorithm based on recently emerging sketching techniques. We theoretically show that it works in near-linear time with a guarantee of solution accuracy. In experiments, we have confirmed that the algorithm enables us to study the fractality of million-scale networks fo...

  14. Processing the image gradient field using a topographic primal sketch approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambaruto, A M

    2015-03-01

    The spatial derivatives of the image intensity provide topographic information that may be used to identify and segment objects. The accurate computation of the derivatives is often hampered in medical images by the presence of noise and a limited resolution. This paper focuses on accurate computation of spatial derivatives and their subsequent use to process an image gradient field directly, from which an image with improved characteristics can be reconstructed. The improvements include noise reduction, contrast enhancement, thinning object contours and the preservation of edges. Processing the gradient field directly instead of the image is shown to have numerous benefits. The approach is developed such that the steps are modular, allowing the overall method to be improved and possibly tailored to different applications. As presented, the approach relies on a topographic representation and primal sketch of an image. Comparisons with existing image processing methods on a synthetic image and different medical images show improved results and accuracy in segmentation. Here, the focus is on objects with low spatial resolution, which is often the case in medical images. The methods developed show the importance of improved accuracy in derivative calculation and the potential in processing the image gradient field directly. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. For We are Where We are not - Mixed-Reality Narratives, Installation Interfaces and Design Sketches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Zapp

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Für den französischen Philosophen Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962 schafft der Raum ein Milieu purer Intimität und voller Seele. Andrea Zapp analysiert davon ausgehend in ihrem englischsprachigen Beitrag Mixed-Reality Narratives, Installation Interfaces and Design Sketches. For the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962 space in its very literal sense creates a milieu of pure intimacy and full of soul. His witty and enlightening analysis of the private home and its rooms, cupboards, containers and personal items are described in his book The Poetics of Space (1964 and reveal how spatial surroundings and shapes define our memories, thoughts and identities. His classification of space becomes a portal to imagination, creating a prism in which all physical worlds and objects are enhanced by individual or artistic inner visions and dreams, forming most insightful dialectics of inside and outside, open and closed, being and non-being: leading to what he finally calls 'the phenomenology of roundness' in art and philosophical thinking.

  16. SketchUp在玉米种子加工中心规划设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永磊; 陈海军; 冯志琴; 孙文浩

    2013-01-01

    SketchUp是优秀的直接面向规划设计过程的设计工具软件,简单易学、功能强大。通过构建三维模型,辅以渲染填色,设计者可以进行直观的方案构思和设计。SketchUp模型既能充分表达设计者的思想,又可满足与客户即时交流的需要,将其应用于玉米种子加工中心项目设计是规划设计方法改进的有益探索。

  17. 浅谈SketchUp软件在景观深化设计中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程熠

    2014-01-01

    随着信息化的不断深入,科技媒介正深深地影响着当下的景观设计,SketchUp软件在当前的景观深化设计中得到了广泛的运用。SketchUp软件对景观空间的意向塑造深入设计有着较大的帮助,同时对设计师精准的把握材质肌理对比提供了参考和科学依据,尤其在景观的细节深入设计中,它把著名建筑师密斯·凡·德罗的名言“:魔鬼在细节”推向了制高点。

  18. AutoCAD与SketchUp结合的建筑装饰设计制图研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林银大

    2014-01-01

    随着建筑装饰设计专业的发展,建筑装饰制图也不断完善和发展。由传统尺规作图到AutoCAD辅助制图,制图的精确性、效率等不断提升。在AutoCAD辅助制图基础上,SketchUp软件可以较好地解决AutoCAD辅助制图中出现的制图瓶颈。SketchUp软件的开放性与兼容性功能的应用,使电脑辅助制图更加完善。、

  19. Violating the Maxims of Quality and Quantity on the ‘Demo Sabun’ Sketch of Extravaganza Situation Comedy TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setia Rini

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on analyzing the violation of maxims as proposed by Grice in his cooperative principles. The subject of the study is on one of TV sitcoms broadcasted by one of the private owned TV station in Indonesia. The writer collected the data by transcribing the dialogues among the comedian in one sketch. In this modern era there are many busy people who need such kind of entertainment to lead them release their fatigue after having a day work. This situation invites some creative people to produce humor which is then packaged in the form situation comedy. These sitcoms can be broadcasted in many television stations now. In creating such funny expressions, there must be the violation on some maxims. By violating the maxims; the humorous verbal interaction can be achieved. The writer found that there are two types of violation on maxims of quality and quantity in one of the extravaganza’s sketches.

  20. 现代文学作家传记写作中的主体性%The Subjectivity of Chinese Modern Biographers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟丹青

    2015-01-01

    自20世纪80年代以来,中国现代文学作家传记创作呈现繁荣局面。对这些作家传记进行深入研究,显然有利于现代文学研究的拓展,同时也有利于当代传记文学的发展。现代文学传记写作中的主体性主要表现在传记作家对传主的态度、传记作家的对话意识、价值判断、文体意识等几个方面。只有充分发挥传记作家的主体意识,树立当代传记观,才能推动中国传统传记向现代的转型,建设具有当代性的传记诗学。%There is prosperity of the creation of Chinese modern biographers from the 1980s.The study of these biogra-phies will help promote the development of Chinese modern and contemporary literature.The subjectivity of biography of modern authors is mainly expressed in the attitude of biographer towards the hero,the biographer's consciousness of com-munication,judgment and aesthetic.Only fully developing biographer's subjectivity,can we push forward the biography transition from tradition to the modern,and construct the contemporary theory of biography.

  1. Research for 3D visualization of Digital City based on SketchUp and ArcGIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hanwei; Badawi, Rami; Fan, Xiaohu; Ren, Jiayong; Zhang, Zhiqiang

    2009-10-01

    The visualization of 3D city information is the precondition and foundation to construct Digital City and the uniformity of 2D and 3D GIS platforms to make the Digital City more widely applicable. This article firstly analyzes some kinds of 3D visualization software. Secondly, using the Google SketchUp and ArcGIS as examples and discuss the 3D visualization of city information and modeling, and lastly, carrying out research on the 3D model construction process.

  2. Strategy Planning Visualization Tool (SPVT) for the Air Operations Center (AOC) Volume I: SPVT Summary and COA Sketch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    achieve the Joint Commander’s desired effects. COA Sketch supports COA analysis and comparison by     22 offering a collection of intelligent forms...Services Gateway Initiative ( OSGi ) compliant plug-in infrastructure based upon the Eclipse RCP. IOPC-X client components included the following...software needs to be written to allow dynamic update – this capability is provided by the workbench and the OSGi framework. 3.7.2 EXTERNAL INTERFACES

  3. The intermediate function: From the figure of the trainee in the community to the medical record as a biographical document for recomposition of identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Sandri

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This work originates from a reflection on trainees connecting and mediation potentials held inside a community structure. These potentials are characterized by the trainees role which is temporary and by a temporary sense of belonging. These potentials may enable the trainee to become a functional component in the healing process and assume different roles left open by operators, families and services, so as to strengthen the working net. Our reflection indicates that the biographical reconstruction of a patient activates a recovery process of his family narrative history and also a deeper consciousness of his mental suffering during his life, which involves the team, patient and his family. The deeper consciousness enables a redefinition of individual projects that are coherent with the history and needs of the patient. A medical record may therefore become a biographical document, where different narratives converge, including the delirious one and that which is broken up by the patient who participates in a possible healing process, where the patient continuously regains possession of a coherent version of his identity and history, through his surrounding environment.Keywords: Community psychotherapy; Network working group; Medical record as a biographical document

  4. The Generation of the Biographical Features in The Old Testament%《旧约》传记性叙事特征的生成机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏伟

    2012-01-01

    《旧约》的编纂和叙事等层面都呈现出鲜明的传记性特征,即以人物为中心组织材料,按照人物生平叙事历史进程,以人物命名等等。这种传记性特征的产生有着复杂的文化、历史等因素,比如《旧约》作为早期文本叙事的故事化倾向,以人系事的纪传体历史叙事的产生,以及纪传体叙事适应了犹太民族独特的流散历史境况等。%The Old Testament displays clearly the biographical features in its narrative and compilatory levels,namely,the organization of the materials around people,the historical process of narration in accordance with people's life and their destinies.These features lie on complex reasons,such as the story tendency of The Old Testament as an early narrative text, the generation of the biographical historical narration and the biographical narration which adapted the diaspora history of the Jewish.

  5. The Integrated Model of (Dys- Functionality: Reconstructing Patterns of Gaming as Self-Medication in Biographical Interviews with Video Game Addicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Bleckmann

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We aim to build a new theory of highly committed problematic video gaming based on rich qualitative data and to compare it to existing theories. To do this, we used hermeneutic analytical methods and grounded theory methodology to analyze 125 hours of recording from 42 biographical interviews, 23 of them with long-term follow-up. Participants were addicted (ex- gamers according to screening instruments, aged 16 to 44, 29 males and 13 females. The integrated (dys- functionality model shows in-game behavior of participants to be dysfunctional in that it hinders advancement in several distinguishable real-life biographical quests (for success, for belonging, and for autonomy and at the same time functional in that it matches these quests. The model integrates two seemingly irreconcilable research traditions: The addiction/disease model in medical-psychological research investigates dysfunctionality of gaming in pathological gamers. Game studies focus on functionality of in-game behavior and establish gamer typologies based on gaming motives. By adding the biographical context to game studies, but keeping the gamer's perspective, we show that gamers whose lives become dominated by gaming may know what they want and "virtually" get it, but still not "really" get it in the long term. "Compensatory" gaming does not, thus, equal unproblematic or "non-addicted" gaming. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs150387

  6. Créer avec SketchUp 16 projets, de l'architecture au théâtre

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Grâce à SketchUp, la 3D n'est plus l'apanage des seuls programmes de CAO spécialisés. Plus besoin d investir des milliers d euros en logiciels et en matériel informatique haut de gamme ! Les concepteurs comme le grand public disposent maintenant d un outil efficace, rapide et intuitif pour modéliser en trois dimensions le fruit de leur imagination. Cet ouvrage, à l'approche originale et concrète, vous dispense des conseils pour acquérir de bonnes pratiques d'utilisation de SketchUp, manier ses fonctions avancées et le faire collaborer avec d'autres logiciels. Il présente un tour d horizon de SketchUp et 16 cas d'utilisation professionnelle réels, couvrant une vaste gamme de métiers, de l'architecture à la menuiserie en passant par le graphisme, la scénographie, la géologie, l'ingénierie ou l'infographie. Chaque auteur partage avec vous ses méthodes et astuces, issues de sa pratique professionnelle, qui vous permettront de gagner du temps et de dépasser les limites apparentes parfois rencon...

  7. Relationship between Rheology of Biographical Praise and Ending-Poetry of Popular Fictions%史传论赞流变与通俗小说篇尾诗的生成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁冬丽

    2012-01-01

    史传论赞的文体类型与出现位置等都有其自身的发展规律,如偶尔为之到不规则使用、再到形成定式是其大致方向。通过梳理史传论赞的文体特征、功能及其弊端的流变过程,并将通俗小说篇尾诗的性质特征与之比较,发现通俗小说篇尾诗在其形态特征、功能作用,甚至弊端上都与之极为相似。这些共同的文学功能特征、相似的书法、共同的撰述方法使二者有相当程度的融合点。正因为如此,史传论赞在功能上对通俗小说篇尾诗的形成有启示作用:总结、评议与指示道德价值;在形式上有示范作用:"前导语+韵文"。这正是通俗小说"有诗为证"传统生成的史学背景之一。%The type of set in verse to transmission of good and evil at the end of historical biographical start in Han dynasty and shape in Tang dynasty.Poetry at the end of popular fiction is similar to historical biographical praise in morphological characteristics,functional roles,even in defects.They have common literary functional characteristics,similar to calligraphy,a common pose method,and a considerable degree of integration points.Popular fiction has a generated background of "according history to romance",and the nature of their style can also blend the point.The function of history biography praise affect the formation of poetry at the end of popular fiction:summary,evaluation and instruction of moral values;in the form of a role model:leading language + verse.This is one of the history background,which leading the generate of "using poet to prove"in popular fiction.

  8. 基于ArcGIS与SketchUp的景观规划快速表现技术%Fast expression techniques of landscape planning based on ArcGIS and SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟韬

    2011-01-01

    运用传统技术手段对大中尺度景观规划表现,存在着效率低、成本高、精度差的缺陷.随着技术发展,在景观规划中运利用ArcGIS与SketchUp技术,进行三维全景表现开始受到广泛运用,有效提高规划成果表现效率和效果.

  9. Sketch-Based Anomalies Detection with IP Address Traceability%基于概要数据结构可溯源的异常检测方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗娜; 李爱平; 吴泉源; 陆华彪

    2009-01-01

    提出一种基于sketch概要数据结构的异常检测方法.该方法实时记录网络数据流信息到sketch数据结构,然后每隔一定周期进行异常检测.采用EWMA(exponentially weighted moving average)预测模型预测每一周期的预测值,计算观测值与预测值之间的差异sketch,然后基于差异sketch采用均值均方差模型建立网络流量变化参考.该方法能够检测DDoS、扫描等攻击行为,并能追溯异常的IP地址.通过模拟实验验证,该方法占用很少的计算和存储资源,能够检测骨干网络流量中的异常IP地址.%In this paper, an anomaly detection method is proposed based on the summary data structure-sketch. It records the network traffic information in sketch online and detects anomalies at every circle. After using EWMA forecasting model to get each circle's forecast sketch, this paper computes the errors between the recoded sketch and forecast sketch. Then, the network traffic change reference is constructed by establishing the Mean-Standard deviation model on the error sketch. The method is effective in detecting DDOS attack, scan attack and so on. Particularly, it can track the IP address of anomaly. Evaluated by the experiment, this method can detect anomaly in the backbone network with small computing and memory resource.

  10. Os novos perfis da política: um esboço New political profiles: an sketch

    OpenAIRE

    Norbert Lechner

    2004-01-01

    Constatando em toda parte um mal-estar latente com a política, este esboço delineia um marco para dar conta do fenômeno e explorar possíveis respostas. Desse modo, propõe-se a abrir um debate sobre as atuais transformações dos modos de fazer e conceber a política.Discerning everywhere a latent uneasiness with politics, this sketch traces a mark to give an account of that fact and explores possible answers to it. In so doing, the article proposes a debate about the present transformations of t...

  11. Research on Buddhist Biographical Literature and Its Related Issues%佛教传记文学研究史及相关问题刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娜

    2015-01-01

    Buddhist biographical literature is one of the most important ways of Buddhist expansion and development, consisting of two major parts: Buddha’s biography, and biographies of Buddha's disciples, monks, and household Buddhists. Buddha’s biography can be interpreted in both broad and narrow senses. Buddhist biographical literature can be classified into four categories: Buddha’s biography, bi-ographies of Indian Buddhist saints, biographies of Chinese Buddhist monks and nuns, and biographies of other Buddhist related persons (such as household Buddhists). The author of this article maintains that further discussions are needed for the characteristics and research scope of Buddhist biographical litera-ture, and its relationship with Chinese classical Literature.%佛教传记文学是佛教在汉地阐扬、发展的重要形式,主要包括佛陀传和佛弟子传、僧传、居士护法传两大组成部分,其中佛传有广、狭两种涵义。佛教传记文学具体可分为佛陀传记、印土圣贤传记(佛弟子传)、中国僧尼传记及其他类型传记(如居士传)四种类型。笔者提出,对佛教传记文学的属性、佛教传记文学的研究范畴和佛教传记文学与中国古典文学的关系仍需要进一步深入探讨。

  12. 论人物传记与“传记体小说”的区别%On the Distinctions between Biographies and Biographical Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟晖; 贺桂花

    2015-01-01

    Since the beginning of the new era , biography writing is flourishing in China and the life stories of some celebrities are spreading .At the same time , some problems emerge in biography writing and some biographical novels are regarded as biographies .Though being similar in form , they are essentially different in that biographies must be authentic while biographical novels can be imaginative or imaginary .We should avoid deconstructing the biographical writings from the postmodernism point of view and keep its unique stylistic characteristics and position .%进入新时期,我国文坛传记创作呈现持续升温的现象。在一定程度上,一些文化名人的生平事迹得以传播。但传记创作也出现一些误区。一些以传记形式出现的小说,也被看成是人物传记。两者虽然形式上相似,其实有着本质的不同,传记讲究真实性,而传记体小说可大量采用想象、虚构等文学手法,混淆两者容易以讹传讹,使得一些史料真假莫辨。同时还要警惕后现代主义对传记写作的解构,使传记保有其独特的文体特征和地位。

  13. The Method of Drawing 3D Models of Campus Based on SketchUp%基于SketchUp的三维校园模型绘制方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵哲; 王晓轩

    2014-01-01

    The premise of building construction is drawing thinking. By the method of drawing elevation drawing simple modeling, accurate modeling, drawing geometry facade component modeling and layered modeling, the SketchUp platform provides the drawing commands. Based on the process of 3D campus model, application of the mapping method in the actual operation of the model, show the effect drawing thinking and different methods of examples.%绘制建筑物模型的前提是构建绘图思维,利用立面绘图简约建模、立面绘图精确建模、几何组件建模和分层叠置建模的绘图方法,可将SketchUp平台提供的绘图命令较好的融合。本文结合三维校园模型的建立过程,探讨这几种绘图方法在实际操作中的应用,通过实例展现不同的绘图思维和方法所制作的模型效果。

  14. Construction of basin 3D model base on ArcScene and SketchUp%基于ArcScene和SketchUp的流域三维模型建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆赛; 黄信望

    2013-01-01

    Basin three-dimensional model is an important part of the visualization, watershed intuitive three-dimensional model of the real show basin watershed digitized scene. In this paper, in order to build three-dimensional model of the Lijiang River watershed, for example, to explore on ArcScene and Google SketchUp software to build three-dimensional model of the basin.%流域三维可视化是“数字流域”中的一个重要组成部分,流域三维可视化作为一种新的管理方法和技术手段在流域管理中越来越体现其重要性。本文以构建漓江流域三维可视化场景为例,提出了一种采用ArcScene和Google SketchUp软件,快速有效地构建三维流域的方法。

  15. 《中国现代水利人物志》补遗%Addendum to “Biographical Dictionary of Water Conservancy in Contemproary China”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红星; 张松波; 季山; 李向东

    2015-01-01

    严格按照《中国现代水利人物志》入志条件,补充14位对中国现代水利建设事业有突出贡献的人物的经历和成就。%Entering condition of “Biographical Dictionary of Water Conservancy in Contemproary China” is strictly enforced . Experiences and achievements of 14 people who have given great contributions to the water conservancy construction career in contemporary China are added .

  16. A Contrastive Appraisal Study on Modern Evolution of Female’s Non-prototype Characteristics—A Case Study of Different Wu Zetian’s Biographical Versions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞琳; 杨建梅

    2012-01-01

      Within the framework of Appraisal theory, this thesis attempts to do the discourse analysis of modern evolution of fe⁃males’non-prototype characteristics through six versions of biographies of Wu Zetian (included Lin Yutang’s Lady Wu, and Yuan Baidai’s Wu Zetian) in modern times, which aims to uncover the implicit relationship of language and ideology of these different Wu Zetian’s biographical versions composed by different authors with different genders and nationalities, which can evoke the readers resonance and affection towards them and reflect the interpersonal function between them by means of excavat⁃ing the regularity of Attitude, Engagement and Graduation resources distribution.

  17. Realizing the Dream of Flight: Biographical Essays in Honor of the Centennial of Flight, 1903-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Virginia P. (Editor); Bowles, Mark D. (Editor)

    2005-01-01

    While growing up in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Milton Wright, The Wright Brothers Father, liked to purchase toys for his sons that he hoped would stimulate their imagination. One of the most memorable gifts was a toy helicopter that was designed by the French aeronautical experimenter Alphonse P naud. Milton gave his sons this gift in 1878, and, though it was a simple device with a stick bound to a four-blade rotor set in a spindle, it had the intended effect it caused them to dream. Twenty-five years separated the gift of this toy and their invention of the airplane, yet the Wright brothers were convinced it had exerted an important influence. Tom Crouch argued in The Bishop's Boys that toys like these perfectly illustrated the significance of play for technological innovation. He wrote, rotary-wing toys were to intrigue and inspire generations of children, a few of whom would, as adults, attempt to realize the dream of flight for themselves. If the first powered flight on 17 December 1903 represented a childhood dream realized, it was only the first step in the rapid evolution of the airplane from their flimsy kite-like contraption of wood and cloth to jet airliners and rockets in space. And, as extraordinary as the achievement of powered flight seemed in 1903, before the end of the century, space travel also would become a dream realized. Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin first circumnavigated Earth in April 1961, and, eight years later, American astronauts took the first steps for humankind on the Moon. It is with great pleasure that we introduce Realizing the Dream: Biographical Essays in Honor of the Centennial of Flight. These essays in celebration of the Wright brothers first flight 100 years ago grew out of presentations by a group of prominent scholars in 2003 at a conference sponsored by the NASA History Division and held at the Great Lakes Science Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The volume focuses on the careers of some of the many men and women who helped to realize

  18. Garment design based on 3D sketches%基于三维手绘线的服装设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟跃崎

    2009-01-01

    提出一种直接在三维人体模型表面绘制三维版型的方法.所绘制的服装版型通过一个基于该版型轮廓的碰撞表面形成三维服装表面,再由FFD(自由变形)方式对其形状进行调节,并通过基于Loop表面细分的全局曲率约束方法光滑形成服装曲面.通过该方法最终所得的服装曲面可用于紧身及舍身型服装原型设计.%A 3D sketching method to draw the silhouette of the 3D garment directly on the manikin has bean proposed. The following 3D surface is generated from a bumped collision patch in terms of the boundary of the 3D sketches. The shape adjustment is performed through a traditional FFD (Free Form Deformation) followed by a global curvature suppressing based on Loop's surface subdivision. The resuiting surface can be employed as the prototype in designing tight-fit and fit shape of 3D garment reconstruction.

  19. Impact of Biographical Characters of the Old Testament on the New Testament%论《旧约》传记性特征对《新约》的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏伟

    2011-01-01

    The Old Testament (OT) is a text with clear biographical characters. The New Testament (NT) not only inherits the monotheism faith systems from the OT, but also the biographical characters in many ways, such as narratives, Characterization and Sense of history. In short, the NT is a text with biographical characteristics.%是一部具有鲜明传记特征的文化文本,在继承中耶和华一神教信仰的同时,也继承了的传记性特征,在以人系事、人物塑造和历史感等方面表现出相应的传记性.因此,也是一部具有鲜明传记特征的文化文本.

  20. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1980-01-01

    Arckenhausen, J.C.P. (1784-1855) The draftsman from Goslar, Germany, who was in the service of C.L. Blume, from 1829 till 1832 or probably later. He worked up many of the drawings Blume had brought from Bogor, for the Flora Javae, mostly vol. 1 and 2, fewer vol. 3 and 4. In a book by H.G. Griep e.a.

  1. Edward Teller Biographical Memoir

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Libby, S B; Sessler, A M

    2009-07-27

    Edward Teller died on September 9, 2003 in Stanford, California at the age of 95. He was both one of the great theoretical physicists of the twentieth century and a leading figure in the development of nuclear weapons and broader defense advocacy. Teller's work in physics, spanning many decades of the twentieth century, includes some of the most fundamental insights in the quantum behaviors of molecules and their spectra, nuclei, surfaces, solid state and spin systems, and plasmas. In the defense arena, Teller is best known for his key insight that made thermonuclear weapons possible. Teller was both a great scientific collaborator and physics teacher at all levels, known for his openness, generosity, personal warmth, and powerful physical intuition. Many of his graduate students went on to illustrious careers.

  2. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1981-01-01

    Ames, Oakes (1874-1950) Plimpton, Pauline Ames (ed.), Oakes Ames, Jottings of a Harvard botanist. 1874-1950. Bot. Mus. Harv. Univ. Cambr. Mass. x + 403 p., frontisp. + 41 illus. (1980?). Brink, R. (1902-1980) Agriculturist; see Fl. Males, i 1: 80. Before the war he was attached to the Sugarcane Indu

  3. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1982-01-01

    Beccari, Odoardo (1843-1920) H.E. Moore Jr, Odoardo Beccari (1843-1920). Principes 25 (1981) 29-35, portr. His trips and bibliography on palms. Everist, S.L. (1913-1981) On 21 October, 1981, Dr. Selwyn L. Everist, past director of the Queensland Herbarium, died in hospital in Brisbane, after a perio

  4. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1969-01-01

    Bailey, Irving Widmer (1884-1967) R.H. Wetmore, Phytomorphology 18 (1968) 294-298, phot. Dennstedt, A.W. H. Manitz, August Wilhelm Dennstedt’s Schlüssel zum Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. Taxon 17 (1968) 496-501, 2 tab.). — Rather extensive survey; validly published names are listed, as well as the nom

  5. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, M.

    1976-01-01

    Allen, Caroline K. (1904-1975) Student of Lauraceae, mainly American but also of SE. Asia and New Guinea, on the Arnold Arboretum staff from 1933 to 1948, later in New York Botanical Garden, where, when the Flora Malesiana in 1968 suddenly was in difficulties, she made considerable efforts to save t

  6. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1984-01-01

    Aubréville, Andre (30.xi.1897—11.viii.1982) G. Aymonin, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 130 (1983) 257-261; J.F. Leroy, Adansonia II, 5 (1983) 123-140. Obituaries of the former director of the Paris Herbarium.

  7. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1986-01-01

    AIRY SHAW, see H.K.A. SHAW. ALLEN, Betty Eleanor Gosset Molesworth (1913, Opotiki, New Zealand — x) Fl. Mal. I, 5 (1958) cclii, portr.; Fl. Mai. I, 8 (1974) ix; E. FERNANDEZ GALIANO, Acta Bot. Malacitana 8 (1983) 5—10. (Spanish) Bibliogr.

  8. 草图大师SketchUp三维软件在景观设计中的优缺点初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴德; 吴碧珊

    2016-01-01

    SketchUp的出现是一次重要的科技突破,为设计师们带来了福音.本文结合SketchUp在景观设计方面的应用,作出了客观的评价:SketchUp有其方便易用、实时效果、数据精准和通用性较强的优点,但在植物表现方面较弱,渲染照片的真实度不足.针对这些问题,本文提出了一些实用的解决办法.

  9. The Application of Sketchup Design Software in Schematic Design%SketchUp草图设计软件在方案设计中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志宏

    2010-01-01

    @@ SketchUp"草图设计表现大师"软件在市场问世的短短数年之间,就迅速地被应用到设计行业的每一个角落.对于房地产经营、城市规划、建筑设计、环境艺术和园林景观设计等专业的设计师来说,sketchUp已经成为设计师进行方案设计必须掌握的工具之一.sketchUp在建筑设计领域的优势主要表现在"所见即所得"的创作全过程,改变了以往CAD和影视影像分流技术的传统做法.

  10. Additive and subtractive resilience strategies as enablers of biographical reinvention: a qualitative study of ex-smokers and never-smokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Paul Russell; Muller, Robert; Tsourtos, George; Hersh, Deborah; Lawn, Sharon; Winefield, Anthony H; Coveney, John

    2011-04-01

    The notion of developing resilience is becoming increasingly important as a way of responding to the social determinants of poor health, particularly in disadvantaged groups. It is hypothesized that resilient individuals and communities are able to 'bounce back' from the adversities they face. This paper explores the processes involved in building resilience as an outcome in relation to both quitting smoking and never smoking. The study involved 93 qualitative, oral-history interviews with participants from population groups with high and enduring smoking rates in Adelaide, Australia, and was essentially interested in how some people in these groups managed to quit or never start smoking in the face of adversities, in comparison to a group of smokers. Our key findings relate to what we call additive and subtractive resilience strategies, which focus on the practices, roles and activities that individuals either 'took on' or 'left behind' in order to quit smoking or remain abstinent. The theoretical lenses we use to understand these resilience strategies relate to biographical reinforcement and biographical reinvention, which situate the resilience strategies in a broader 'project of the self', often in relation to attempting to develop 'healthy bodies' and 'healthy biographies'.

  11. [The advantage of a modern operational approach to the diagnosis of mental disorders. The case of the Bavarian King Ludwig II--an example from biographical research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Zerssen, D

    2013-05-01

    Worldwide discrepancies in the classification, terminology and diagnosis of mental disorders have induced efforts for unification after World War II. This led to the introduction of an operational diagnostic approach according to strict criteria, at the same time taking into account the comorbidity of disorders. However, this approach is still not routinely used. The consequences of this deficiency are demonstrated here by an example from biographical research referring to the Bavarian King Ludwig II. The study is based on an extensive search of the relevant literature. Although the pathography of this Bavarian king is well documented, the diagnoses published between 1910 and 2010 by altogether 21 specialists, are distributed rather chaotically over 24 diagnostic categories of the ICD-10. Merely in the (probably wrong) diagnosis of a schizophrenic psychosis is there agreement among half of the authors. This is concordant with the expert diagnosis of paranoia by von Gudden and his colleagues (1886) when considering the then contemporary concept of the disorder. According to modern diagnostic principles almost half of the 24 diagnoses can be confirmed. The others have to be regarded as false diagnoses. The conclusion is that modern principles of the diagnosis of mental disorders should be applied according to internationally accepted diagnostic manuals. This approach should be used in, but is not exclusive to, biographical research. Precondition is, of course, the exact knowledge and careful application of these principles.

  12. 论当代英美传记小说的兴起%The Rise of Contemporary Anglo-American Biographical Novel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡志全

    2016-01-01

    The biographical novel which tells real life stories of real people with the crafts of ifction has risen and become a new literary trend in English. Deconstructionism and postmodernism challenge and blur the demarcation between fact and ifction and the nature of biography is rethought and literariness is put under the spotlight. Meanwhile, non-ifctional writing becomes popular. All the above mentioned factors contribute to the rise of contemporary Anglo-American biographical novel.%在英美文坛,运用小说技巧讲述真人真事的传记小说已悄然兴起,成了一种新创作潮流。解构主义、后现代主义理论模糊了真实与虚构的界线,人们再次审视传记本质,对其文学性及表现力提出了更高的要求,非虚构小说拓展了小说的表现空间,这些都是当代传记小说兴起的重要背景与因素。

  13. 大众文化语境下的新时期传记文学%Biographical Literature from the Perspective of Modern Popular Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐琼

    2014-01-01

    新时期以来,在大众文化崛起并兴盛的语境下,传记文学出现了一些新的变化,主要表现在:“传主形象平民化”“传记内容世俗化”“传记形式多样化”和“传记载体现代化”等。虽然大众文化有商业化、快餐化的特点,但新时期传记文学出现的这些趋势或倾向对传记文学作品的质量本身不具有负面影响力,反之,只要因势利导,还能产生巨大的正面效应。%The rise and booming of popular culture gives rise to the changes of biographical literature which are featured by plebification of the hero of the biography, secularization of the content, variation in biographical forms and the modernization of the carriers. Although the popular culture is featured by commercialization and fast-food-like, the new trend of biography will not degrade the quality of biography. Instead, huge positive effect can be ignited as long as the new trend could be well guided.

  14. Free Telling in the Total Space?—On the Procedures of Power in the Asylum Procedure and Their Relevance for Biographical Interviews of Refugees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Thielen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on a research project with migrants from Iran this paper focuses on the influence of a strictly regulated German asylum life situation on autobiographical telling in research contexts. Regardless of the specific research topic the interview situation and the relationship between interviewer and interviewee always influence shape, form and fashion of the biographical narration. As a result of the strict regimentation of the asylum procedures and their far-reaching impact on biographies in the "total refugee space," an intensification of the hierarchical structure in the interview situation can be observed. Considering the empirical results this paper calls for a reflexive biographical research. This approach has to analyze the power relations in the transnational space and their consequences on the research process. It also has to recognize that researchers and interviewees are not only confined to their culture differences, but that the setting comprises all intersectional localizations, which are defined by social and economic status, nationality, gender, sexuality etc. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0901393

  15. Sketch Annotation Based Video Browsing%一种基于草图注释的视频浏览技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹启; 马翠霞; 倪美娟; 张艳秋; 王宏安; 戴国忠

    2013-01-01

    To browse and locate video efficiently,a sketch-based video annotation and browsing technique is proposed in this paper.First,key frames are extracted according to the features in the video,and static and dynamic sketch annotations are interactively specified for the video.Then a personalized sketch-library is created based on the key frames and interactive sketch annotations.Finally,a sketch based interface via gesture commands is proposed to perform interactive video operations.Experimental results show that the proposed sketch annotation and interaction can improve the efficiency of video browsing,understanding and interaction,and brings better user experiences.%针对视频的高效浏览和定位问题,提出一种基于草图注释的视频浏览技术.首先根据视频流中各帧的特征点提取关键帧;然后利用草图为视频的主要内容添加静态和动态注释,并结合提取的关键帧生成表征视频内容的个性化视频信息库;最后定义草图手势库来进行相关的视频交互操作.实验结果表明,该技术可有效地组织视频语义信息,提高视频的浏览、理解与交互的效率,并具有较高的用户满意度.

  16. 基于Sketch Engine的专门用途英语(ESP)词汇数据驱动教学模式探索%A Study of the ESP Vocabulary Data-driven Teaching Mode Based on Sketch Engine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢华国; 张雅

    2015-01-01

    依托语料库的数据驱动教学模式在为传统ESP词汇教学中存在的问题提供了解决思路的同时,也带来了新的困难,使教师对该模式实践热情不高,教学效果受到影响.基于Sketch Engine的语料库建设和词汇素描这两项功能设计课堂教学活动,既能解决教师在ESP词汇数据驱动教学实践中所面临的一些困境,也能够提高学生学习ESP词汇的兴趣和效率.

  17. Improvements of hybrid PV-T solar energy systems using Amlouk-Boubaker optothermal expansivity optimizing abacus sketch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boubaker, K.; Amlouk, M. [Unite de Physique de Dispositifs a Semiconducteurs-UPDS-Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, Campus Universitaire, 2092 Tunis (Tunisia)

    2010-10-15

    This study is a prelude to the definition of a new synthetic parameter inserted in a 2D abacus. This parameter: the Amlouk-Boubaker optothermal expansivity <{psi}{sub AB}>, is defined, for a given PV-T material, as a thermal diffusivity-to-optical effective absorptivity ratio. This parameter's unit evokes a heat flow velocity inside the material. Consequently, the parameter {psi}{sub AB} could be combined with the already known bandgap energy E{sub g}, in order to establish a 2D abacus. A sketched scheme of the 2D abacus is proposed as a guide for investigation and evaluation of PV-T candidate materials like metal oxides, amorphous silicon, zinc-doped binary compounds, and hydrogenated amorphous carbon. Using this abacus, designers will be able to compare solar energy-related materials on the basis of conjoint optical and thermal efficiency. (author)

  18. SketchUp软件在任务驱动型园林制图教学中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华云飞

    2013-01-01

      在任务驱动型园林制图教学中,尤其强调在任务分析和任务实施过程中培养学生自主学习和空间想象的能力,而利用SketchUp软件简便易学的三维特性,可以轻松完成二维和三维之间的双向切换,帮助学生更好地理解画法几何原理,完成方案设计的构思、剖断立面的分析和手绘效果图的绘制。

  19. Os novos perfis da política: um esboço New political profiles: an sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norbert Lechner

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Constatando em toda parte um mal-estar latente com a política, este esboço delineia um marco para dar conta do fenômeno e explorar possíveis respostas. Desse modo, propõe-se a abrir um debate sobre as atuais transformações dos modos de fazer e conceber a política.Discerning everywhere a latent uneasiness with politics, this sketch traces a mark to give an account of that fact and explores possible answers to it. In so doing, the article proposes a debate about the present transformations of the ways to make and conceive politics.

  20. Two Bears Walk Into a Bar…. A Quest to Communicate Climate Change Ends in Puppets and Sketches and Songs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, J. K.; O'Brien, R.

    2015-12-01

    Like most colleagues, I struggle to connect with a broad audience about my research. And after years of falling short, I decided to do something about it. So I took a comedy class. And then another. And another. Pretty soon I met a talented director, writer and actor named Rani O'Brien and together we created the Lollygaggers—a sketch comedy musical about climate change for kids of all ages. For 16 weeks in 2014, The Lollygaggers ran in the Second City Studio Theater on Hollywood Blvd, brining laughs and lessons on climate change to a wide audience using puppets, characters and songs. This presentation will focus on how climate change and comedy can unite, how the Lollygaggers came to be, and will include a song from the show.

  1. Using Inksurvey with Pen-enabled Mobile Devices for Real-time Formative Assessment I: Applications in Diverse Educational Enviroments

    OpenAIRE

    Kowalski, F. V; Colling, T. J.; Gutierrez, J. V.; Palou, E.; Greivel, G.; Ruskell, T.; Gardner, T. Q.; Kowalski, S. E.

    2013-01-01

    InkSurvey is free, web-based software designed to facilitate the collection of real-time formative assessment. Using this tool, the instructor can embed formative assessment in the instruction process by posing an open-format question. Students equipped with pen-enabled mobile devices (tablet PCs, iPads, Android devices including some smartphones) are then actively engaged in their learning as they use digital ink to draw, sketch, or graph their responses. When the instructor receives these r...

  2. 按照NEMA NU2-2007标准测试Biograph mCT-S64 PET性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚之丰; 章英剑; 王新村; 毛文杰; 张建平

    2014-01-01

    目的:利用美国电器制造商协会(NEMA)NU2-2007标准对西门子Biograph mCT-S64 PET进行性能测试。方法参照NEMA NU2-2007标准和厂家测试手册,对设备的空间分辨率、散射分数、计数丢失、随机符合、灵敏度、精确度、能量和时间分辨率,以及图像质量、衰减和散射校正精度进行测试。结果设备在视野偏中心1 cm处横向和轴向空间分辨率分别为4.3 mm和4.6 mm,10 cm处横向、轴向和横断切向空间分辨率分别为4.9 mm、5.9 mm和4.7 mm;散射分数为37%;噪声等效计数率在28 kBq/mL时达峰值,为191 kcps;中心和偏中心10 cm处灵敏度分别为10.0 cps/kBq和10.4 cps/kBq;精确性偏差为2.3%;仪器能量分辨率为11.5%,时间分辨率为542.5 ps;图像质量模型中最小直径为10 mm的热球清晰可辨;衰减和散射校正的精确性相对误差为14%。与39环的Biograph 16HR相比,空间分辨率相近,散射分数和图像对比度增高,峰值噪声等效计数率提高125%,灵敏度提高123%。结论Biograph mCT的各项指标均达到NEMA NU2-2007标准要求。灵敏度、噪声等效计数率和图像质量提高,可缩短采集时间和减少药物注射量。

  3. 基于SketchUp与ArcEngine的小区三维信息系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周银朋

    2011-01-01

    本文以MAPGIS数据为基础数据,通过ARCGIS软件和SketchUp软件的结合,建立小区三维场景模型,用C#语言和ArcEngine开发小区三维信息系统,探讨三维可视化信息系统的应用。

  4. 基于SketchUp与ArcEngine的小区三维信息系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周银朋

    2011-01-01

    本文以MAPGIS数据为基础数据,通过ARCGIS软件和SketchUp软件的结合,建立小区三维场景模型,用C#语言和ArcEngine开发小区三维信息系统,探讨三维可视化信息系统的应用.

  5. Statistical Safety Evaluation of BWR Turbine Trip Scenario Using Coupled Neutron Kinetics and Thermal Hydraulics Analysis Code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, Ryoko; Masuhara, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Fumio

    The Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty (BEPU) method has been prepared for the regulatory cross-check analysis at Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES) on base of the three-dimensional neutron-kinetics/thermal- hydraulics coupled code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0. In the preparation, TRACE5.0 is verified against the large-scale thermal-hydraulic tests carried out with NUPEC facility. These tests were focused on the pressure drop of steam-liquid two phase flow and void fraction distribution. From the comparison of the experimental data with other codes (RELAP5/MOD3.3 and TRAC-BF1), TRACE5.0 was judged better than other codes. It was confirmed that TRACE5.0 has high reliability for thermal hydraulics behavior and are used as a best-estimate code for the statistical safety evaluation. Next, the coupled code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0 was applied to turbine trip tests performed at the Peach Bottom-2 BWR4 Plant. The turbine trip event shows the rapid power peak due to the voids collapse with the pressure increase. The analyzed peak value of core power is better simulated than the previous version SKETCH-INS/TRAC-BF1. And the statistical safety evaluation using SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0 was applied to the loss of load transient for examining the influence of the choice of sampling method.

  6. Study on the art of language of Feng Gong's sketch%冯巩小品语言艺术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李馥君

    2013-01-01

    Feng Gong's sketch was a public concern, the main reason were the characteristics of the language approach, humorous joke, vivid interpretation. So his sketch loved by all of us. In this article, the language of Feng Gong's sketch in recent years are analyzed and explored by the voice pronunciation, vocabulary and sentence structure .And summarizes the expression features of the characteristics of the language of the Feng Gong's sketch.%冯巩的小品被大众所关注,主要是因为特色化的语言方式,诙谐幽默的笑料,生动形象的演绎,使得他的小品深受大家的喜爱。本文主要通过语音、词汇、句式方面将冯巩近几年小品的语言进行分析和探究,概括出冯巩小品特色化语言的表达特点。

  7. The Importance of Sketch Course in Art Teaching%论速写课程在美术专业教学中的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马鑫

    2011-01-01

    Sketch is the basis of plastic art,and it's the premise of art creation.The purpose of sketch is not only training modeling capabilities,but providing the necessary conditions for the creative arts subtle in the process.Meanwhile,the sketch exercises our hands,eyes,brain,many aspects of the coordination,learn to observe the world with artistic vision,thereby enabling more complete expression of art.Thus,it's very necessary and critical to set the sketch course for the training objectives and teaching purpose of art teaching.%速写是造型艺术的基础,是美术创作的前提。速写的目的绝不是仅仅训练造型能力,而是在整个过程中潜移默化地对美术创作提供必要条件。同时,速写锻炼我们的手、眼、脑等多方面的协调能力,学会用艺术的眼光观察世界,进而使艺术的表现更趋完整。由此可见,速写课程的设置对我们美术专业教学的培养目标和教学目的来说是十分必要而且关键的。

  8. On Zhu Dongrun' s Theory of Biographical Literature and its Characteristic Complexity%论朱东润传记文学理论的独特性与复杂性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜也平

    2012-01-01

    Zhu Dongrun' s theory of biographical literature is constructed from the existent practices and theories of both ancient China and the West. The central concepts of Zhu' s theory include the renaming of the prevailing biographical literature into biographical narrative literature, the emphasis of the dual attributes of historical and literary of biographical literature while defining the connotation of biographical narrative. The claim of "the turn from events to people" has freed the biographical literature from its dependency on history, but the overemphasis of historical reliability may result in the negligence of literariness. The claim to characterize and reveal from life from the private sphere is subject to the influence from grand narrative. The paper thus demonstrates the characteristic complexity in Zhu' s theory of biographical literature.%朱东润的传记文学理论是建立在对中外传记理论的吸收、借鉴的基础上的。其相对完备的理论体系包括:把已经流行的传记文学改称传叙文学,体现了某种理论的自觉;强调传记文学的史学、文学双重属性,但对传记文学外延的界定比较严格;对“从事到人”的强调表明其将传记文学从历史的附庸地位中解放出来的努力,但对历史真实的过度关注导致了对艺术真实的忽视;强调从人格立论,强调私生活的描写,但又无法摆脱宏大叙事观念的影响。因此,朱东润的传记文学理论有其独特性,但也有其复杂性和矛盾性。

  9. Personality, biographical characteristics, and job interview success: a longitudinal study of the mediating effects of interviewing self-efficacy and the moderating effects of internal locus of causality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Cheryl; Ang, Soon; Van Dyne, Linn

    2006-03-01

    In this study, the authors developed and tested a model of performance in job interviews that examines the mediating role of interviewing self-efficacy (I-SE; job applicants' beliefs about their interviewing capabilities) in linking personality and biographical background with interview success and the moderating role of locus of causality attributions in influencing the relationship between interview success and subsequent I-SE. The authors tested their model (over 5 months' duration) with matched data from 229 graduating seniors, firms, and university records. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated I-SE mediated the effects of Extraversion, Conscientiousness, and leadership experience on interview success. Locus of causality attributions for interview outcomes moderated the relationship between interview success and subsequent I-SE. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  10. Review: Ingrid Miethe, Claudia Kajatin & Jana Pohl (Eds. (2004. Geschlechterkonstruktionen in Ost und West. Biografische Perspektiven [Gender Constructions in East and West. Biographical Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Döring

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available This reader contains analyses of gender constructions in East and West Germany from biographical perspectives. It is based on narrative interviews with women and men living in the former East and West. By means of case reconstructions and case comparisons the authors reveal how individuals deal actively with specific societal gender roles. Historical differences between women's movement and feminism in East Germany versus West Germany are knowledgeably described. The book offers a very complex and multilayered theoretical and empirical construction of gender in its diverse dimensions, but men's biographies and men's studies remain marginalized. Men's movements as well as the gay rights movement are blind spots. The gendering of work and the context of European unification are emphasized. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602353

  11. Characterization of Siemens Bio graph 6 PET by Monte Carlo simulation; Caracterizacion del escaner PET Biograph 6 de Siemens mediante simulacion Monte Carlo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallego Franco, P.; Garcia Marcos, R.

    2015-07-01

    GAMOS simulation code based on Geant4 is a very powerful tool for the design and modeling optimization on Positron Emission Tomography (PET) systems. In order to obtain a proper image quality, it results to be extremely important determine the optimal activity which is going to be delivered. For this reason a study about the internal system parameters that affects image quality, such as scatter fraction (SF) and the count rate equivalent noise (NEC), has been carried out. The study involves the comparison of experimental measures on both parameters, with those obtained by Monte Carlo simulation of Siemens Pet Biograph 6 True Point with True V option. Based on simulations results, a paralizable dead-time model that adjusts, depending on the activity provided, the proper dead-time for scanner detectors. Also a study about the variation of this proper dead-time with the activity has been carried out. (Author)

  12. Clarification of Some Facts in Biographic Works on Xu Zhimo%徐志摩传记作品若干事实辨正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋成德

    2012-01-01

    有关徐志摩的传记作品,已有数十种之多。这些传记在描述徐志摩一生的浪漫经历与文学成就的同时.也存在着一些与事实不符或表述不当的问题。“志摩”一名用于何时?张君劢与张公权,到底是谁“发掘”了徐志摩?是否徐志摩送张幼仪去德国求学?徐志摩与张幼仪的离婚是否因为林徽因?是胡适主持了徐志摩与陆小曼的婚礼吗?文章就这些问题根据相关资料进行辨正,以期对徐志摩研究、对徐志摩传记的创作提供参考与确证。%Alongside with the profuse elaboration on the romances and literary achievements of Xu Zhimo, some contra-factual and misrepresented descriptions are also observed in dozens of biographic works on Xu Zhimo circulated nowadays. Some of the typical indistinct or confusable questions include: "When was the name Zhimo first used? Who discovered him, Zhang Junli or Zhang Gongquan? Did he send Zhang Youyi to German for study? Did he divorce just because of Lin Huiyin? Was his wedding with Lu Xiaoman presided over by Hushi?" These questions and more will be discussed in this paper on the basis of probing into relevant data available so as to provide better references and evidence to the study of Xu Zhimo and to the biographic works on him.

  13. SIEMENS Biograph 64 PET/CT Build in Peking Union Medical College Hospital%综合PET与CT各自优势,精确描述各种病变区域西门子最新一代Biograph 64型PET/CT落户北京协和医院

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ 西门子最新一代Biograph 64型PET/CT近日落户北京协和医院,该款Biograph 64型PET/CT综合了最新一代PET扫描仪的高灵敏度、高分辨率、高速度和大视野等优点与64层螺旋CT的所有功能,在肿瘤、复杂病变区域的精确定性及定位、心脑血管疾病、感染性病灶和动脉粥样硬化活动斑块的检测和评估方面显示出突出优势,代表了当今国际医学影像发展的最高水平.西门子的设备领先性能与协和医院的技术领先优势强强联合,为广大患者带来福音.

  14. Comparison of Biograph/Lenstar and IOL Master in the measurement of axial length, corneal curvature, and anterior chamber depth%Biograph/Lenstar与IOL Master测量眼轴、角膜曲率及前房深度的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄锦海; 陈世豪; 温岱宗; 王勤美

    2011-01-01

    目的 比较两种光学相干生物测量仪Biograph/Lenstar和IOL Master测量眼轴(AL)、角膜曲率(K1、K2和Km)和前房深度(ACD)的差异,分析二者的一致性,为临床使用提供依据.方法 前瞻性临床研究.近视患者34例(68眼),等效球镜为-0.05~-10.00 D,平均(-4.11±2.31)D,分别应用Biograph/Lenstar和IOL Master进行AL、K1、K2、Km和ACD测量,两种仪器间以上指标的差异采用配对t检验,两种仪器间测量所得数据的相关性采用 Pearson相关分析,两种仪器间测量所得数据的一致性采用Bland-Altamn统计分析.结果 Biograph/Lenstar和IOL Master测量AL的平均值分别为(25.39±1.09)mm和(25.37±1.08)mm,差异具有统计学意义(t=8.855,P<0.01);两者间的K1、K2和Km差异均有统计学意义(t=2.511,P=0.014;t=-2.413,P=0.019;t=2.893,P=0.005);ACD值分别为(3.80±0.26)mm和(3.78±0.26)mm,差异无统计学意义.两种仪器间所有的测量参数均具有密切的线性相关(r均>0.9,P<0.01).两种方法测量AL和ACD一致性较好,而K1、K2和Km一致性较差.结论 Biograph/Lenstar测量眼部无明显器质性疾病人群的眼轴长度及前房深度与IOL Master具有良好的一致性.对角膜曲率的测量,两者测量一致性较差,使用中需结合临床意义进一步对仪器的适用范围加以判断.%Objective To assess the accuracy of axial length (AL), corneal curvature (K1, K2 and Km) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) measurements with the Biograph/Lenstar LS 900 biometer and the IOL Master. Methods In this prospective clinical study, 68 eyes of 34 myopes, whose spherical equivalent were -0.50-10.00 D, with an average of (-4.11±2.31)D. AL, K1, K2, Km and ACD of these myopes were measured with the Biograph/Lenstar and IOL Master biometer. Data were analyzed using a paired samples t test, linear regression and Bland-Altman plots. Results The mean AL and ACD measured by the Biograph/Lenstar and IOL Master were (25.39±1.09)mm, (25.37±1.08)mm, and (3

  15. Design on a Chicken Coop for Urban Backyard through SketchUp Platform%基于SketchUp平台的城市庭院鸡舍设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 梁思成; 郭爱伟; 周杰珑; 陈粉粉

    2016-01-01

    研究以SketchUp为设计平台,综合考虑鸡舍的温度、湿度、采光、通风换气以及饲养密度等参数,设计了一款适于城市庭院与阳台的鸡舍.结果表明,设计的庭院鸡舍有效面积为1.05 m2,可以饲养成年蛋鸡3~8只,比传统的笼养蛋鸡饲养面积提高1.8~6.0倍,舍内总热量为8.44 W,理论上即使在冬季,城市庭院鸡舍内无需采取人工供暖,舍内温度、相对湿度依然能满足鸡对饲养环境条件的要求,加之合理的采光系数,完全可以保证舍内蛋鸡的正常生长和生产.该城市庭院鸡舍,主要适用于南方温和气候地区,也适合于新农村建设中规划统一、具有独立庭院的农村及城镇使用.

  16. 高等美术院校中素描教学的困境与突破%Dilemma and breakthrough of Sketch Teaching in art academies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁秀航

    2015-01-01

    The current institutions of higher art, sketch teaching of art college entrance examination bound by drawing style. To get rid of the shackles of the fine arts college entrance examination drawing style, is a prerequisite for the healthy development of institutions of higher art sketch. To get rid of the shackles of art college entrance examination drawing style, many methods, first of all is to restore the sketch of the scientific spirit of "seeking truth", second is to restore nature life of the sketch, again is to restore the essence of Art. In the specific practice teaching of the sketch, the theory of repeated reminders, there is a clear understanding of the development and characteristics of the drawing to students. Strengthen drawings copying learning of Western classical and modern art master. Pay attention to painting sketches, to encourage students to respect their experience. With unremitting efforts, in order to enable students to slowly get rid of the influence of the college entrance examination drawing mode, embarked on a healthy development road.%当前高等美术院校中,素描教学深受美术高考素描样式的束缚。摆脱美术高考素描样式的束缚,是高等美术院校中素描健康发展的前提条件。想摆脱美术高考素描样式的束缚,方法很多,首先是还原素描的科学的“求真”精神,其次是还原素描的生命本质,再次是还原素描的艺术本质。在具体的素描实践教学课堂上,要反复进行理论提醒,让学生对素描的发展和特点,有较为清晰的认识。加强学生们对西方古典和现代艺术大师的素描作品的临摹学习。重视写生,鼓励学生尊重他们的亲身感受。要使学生慢慢地摆脱高考素描模式的影响,走上健康的发展道路。

  17. Tourism planning and management information system based on GIS%基于SketchUp的城市三维建模技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许捍卫; 房晓亮; 任家勇; 范小虎

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the Tourism Planning and Management Information System (TPMIS) was developed with VB. NET and Super Objects, and the design of tourism space database and attribute database was also discussed. The TPMIS was applied successfully by the programming and administrative departments in Tonghai County, Xingmeng Township.%本文以实际的数字城市项目建设来说明用SketchUp软件建立城市三维模型的流程,主要对三维模型构建中的数据导入,相对坐标,格式转换,场景组织等所遇到的具体技术要点进行阐述,并进一步分析了SketchUp软件在城市三维建模过程中与其他软件对比所具有的优缺点.

  18. 数字化时代设计素描课程体系研究%A research of designing sketch curriculum system in the digital age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊卫东

    2015-01-01

    In order to consummate the construction of designing sketch curriculum system,and to change the situation of basic course and specialized course disconnected,the construction of designing sketch curriculum must conform to the requirements of times.The setting of curriculum,teaching content,curriculum scheduling and training in class should in accordance with the demand of curriculum development.%设计素描课程建设必须符合时代发展的要求,课程的设置、教学内容、课时安排、课堂实训都要符合课程发展的要求,这样才能完善设计素描课程体系建设,改变基础课和专业课脱节现象.

  19. The Construction of Virtual Campus Based on Google Earth and Sketch Up%基于Sketchup和Google Earth的3D虚拟校园建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳荣鑫; 陈涛; 刘力

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the construction of virtual campus of NO.18 Senior School is taken as an example, a more applicable constructing way is presented with high-quality reacting,smoothly running and faster constructing, which is based on Google Earth and Sketch Up.%以重庆市第十八中学的虚拟校园建设为例,阐述了基于Sketch Up和Google Earth的具有良好的现实还原度和更短的开发周期的虚拟校园建设方案。同时,指出了一些较重要问题的解决方案。

  20. [Kreem, Juhan. Sketches of a Clerk. Pen-and-ink Drawings in the Margins of the Medieval Accoung Books of Reval (Tallinn)] / Anu Mänd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mänd, Anu, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Kreem, Juhan. Sketches of a Clerk. Pen-and-ink Drawings in the Margins of the Medieval Accoung Books of Reval (Tallinn). (Krems, 2006). Juhan Kreemi raamat käsitleb Tallinna rae keskaegsetes arveraamatutes leiduvaid sulejoonistusi. Autor on välja selgitanud nende, esmapilgul juhuslikena näivate joonistuste otstarbe ning püüdnud nende kaudu avada tolleaegsete linnaametnike mõttemalle

  1. Paul Otlet, el antepasado olvidado: revisión bibliográfica I. Aspectos biográficos, históricos y teóricos Paul Otlet, forgotten forefather: a review I. Biographical, historical and theoretical aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Romanos de Tiratel

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El alcance cronológico de esta revisión bibliográfica sobre Paul Otlet, cubre el período 1975-2007. Como es usual, se resumen e integran trabajos en español, inglés, francés, italiano y portugués. Salvo una excepción, no se recurrió a libros de texto o manuales. Los formatos incluidos son monografías, artículos de revistas especializadas, preimpresos, ponencias a congresos, tesis de maestría y tesina de licenciatura. Las contribuciones analizadas se agruparon en cuatro secciones: 1. La construcción de una imagen: el relato biográfico; 2. Historia de la Documentación y de la Ciencia de la Información; 3. Utilización de la tecnología disponible y anticipación tecnológica; 4. Internacionalismo, cooperación y normalización, con un apartado, 4.1. La Clasificación Decimal Universal (CDU, donde se destacan solo los aspectos relacionados con la sección general dentro de la cual fue incluido. El artículo se inicia con una introducción que describe las motivaciones que llevaron a su redacción y finaliza con unas breves conclusiones para explicar algunos conceptos aplicables a la enseñanza de la Bibliotecología y de la Documentación en la Argentina.The chronological scope of this bibliographical review about Paul Otlet, covers the period 1975-2007. As it is usual in this type of works, it sums up and integrates works in Spanish, English, French, Italian, and Portuguese. Except for one case, texts or handbooks were not used. The formats included are monographies, articles from specialized journals, preprints, congress speeches, master's degree thesis, bachelor's degree dissertation. The analyzed contributions were grouped together in four parts: 1. The construction of an image: the biographical account; 2. History of Documentation and Information Science; 3. Use of available technology and in-advance technology; 4. Internationalism, cooperation, and standardization, with a section, 4.1. The Universal Decimal Classification

  2. Design and Realization of Campus 3DGIS based on Google SketchUp and ArcGIS%基于SketchUp与ArcGIS的校园3DGIS的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰玉芳; 付金霞; 徐霞; 马文勇

    2013-01-01

    The combination of three Dimension (3D) visualization and spatial analysis has become the development tendency of virtual reality research. Therefore, we try to proceed an organic combination between GIS software and professional modeling software in this study. This study is of great significance for the realization of 3D scene visualization, scene dynamic roaming, information query and spatial analysis and so on. The southern campus of Northwest Agriculture and Forest University was used as an example in this study. Integrated with Google SketchUp 3D modeling technology,Geodatabase data models of ArcGIS9. 3, 3D application environment and the spatial analysis functions of ArcScene, using secondary development technology of ArcGIS Engine 9. 3 and Visual Studio 2005(C# ) ,the 3D campus geographic information system was well designed and accomplished,and further discussed the specific technology and realization procedure. The system has many functions,such as layers management,symbols design,edit management,spatial query,optimal path dynamic analysis,length and area measuring and thematic mapping of two-dimensional data, etc. In addition, 3D models system could realize importing and exporting, layers management, 3D scene browsing (including navigation, flying, zooming, roaming, etc. ), spatial query, measurement and the interactivity with two-dimensional vector. The design and development of the system will be benefit for the exploration of 3DGIS theory and technology.%三维可视化与空间分析相结合是虚拟现实研究发展的一个趋势.通过利用Google Sketch-Up三维建模技术和ArcGIS 9.3的Geodatabase数据模型、ArcScene的三维应用环境和空间分析功能,采用ArcGIS Engine 9.3和Visual Studio 2005(C#)的二次开发技术,设计与开发了西北农林科技大学南校区三维地理信息系统,并对相关技术和实现过程进行了探讨.系统实现了校园二维数据的图层管理、编辑管理、符号

  3. 基于多核学习的画像画风的识别%Drawing Style Recognition of Facial Sketch Based on Multiple Kernel Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铭津; 李洁; 王楠楠

    2015-01-01

    画像的画风识别广泛应用于名画甄别和刑侦破案领域。文中提出基于多核学习的画像画风的识别算法。首先根据艺术评论家从画像部件的处理方式鉴定画像画风的方法,从画像中提取脸、左眼、右眼、鼻和嘴5个部件。然后根据画家从画像的明暗度和画像作者的绘画笔法识别画像画风的方法,从每个部件上提取灰度直方图特征、灰度矩特征、快速鲁棒特征和多尺度的局部二值模式特征。最后通过多核学习将不同部件和不同特征融合以进行画像画风的识别。实验表明,文中算法性能较好,能取得较高识别率。%The drawing style recognition of facial sketches is widely used for painting authentication and criminal investigation. A drawing style recognition algorithm of facial sketch based on multiple kernel learning is presented. Firstly, according to the way of art critics recognize the drawing style of facial sketch, five parts, the face part, left eye part, right eye part, nose part and mouth part, are extracted from the facial sketch. Then, gray histogram feature, gray moment feature, speeded-up robust feature and multiscale local binary pattern feature are extracted from each part on the basis of artistsˊ different understandings of lights and shadows on a face and various usages of the pencil . Finally, different parts and features are integrated and the drawing styles of facial sketches are classified by multiple kernel learning. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm has better performance and obtains higher recognition rates.

  4. 论中国现代传记文学的本质属性及其他%On the Essential Property of Contemporary Biographical Literature in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜也平

    2005-01-01

    中国古代的"传"乃"释经"之意,后来"传""记"两字连词,指的是叙述个人生平行事始末的人物传,在更多方面属于"史"的范畴.西方的"传记" 一词由希腊文bios派生,具有生平或生活(life)的意思,指的是关于某一个人生平的作品,更多的时候也被认为属于历史的范畴.中国现代的"传记文学"概念则来自英语biographical literature,其作品指的应是以历史或现实中具体的人物为传主,以纪实为主要表现手段,集中叙述其生平,或相对完整的一段生活历程的文学作品.传记文学作品大致分为自传与他传两大类,普通的回忆录、访问记、印象记、日记、书信等,一般只可称为传记资料或历史文献.

  5. Rademacher-Sketch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verbin, Elad; Zhang, Qin

    2012-01-01

    -distortion embedding from the normed space ℓn1⊗X into a lower-dimensional normed space ℓn′1⊗X , where n′ ≪ n is some value that depends on the properties of the normed space X (namely, on its Rademacher dimension). In particular, composing this embedding with another well-known embedding of Indyk [18], we get an O(1/ε...

  6. Autonomous Motion Planning Using a Predictive Temporal Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    162 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH ...based on a bicycle (two-wheeled) model and is shown in Figure 4-5 and the kinematic equations of motion are given as: (4-2) (4-3) (4-4) where...dynamic uncertain environment. Journal of Zhejiang University: Science, 7(4), 516- 524. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Eric Thorn was born in 1981 and raised

  7. PAIS BIÓGRAFOS. ESCRITURAS PARENTAIS E DIÁRIOS DE NASCIMENTO (Tradução. PARENT BIOGRAPHERS. FAMILY SCRIPTURES AND BIRTH DIARIES (Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francis, Véronique

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as escrituras parentais acerca do nascimento e da primeira infância. Fragmentos biográficos ou enunciados desenvolvidos acompanhados ou não de fotografia, estas escrituras podem se inserir nas seções de um diário de nascimento no setor de edição, ser arquivadas em um caderno em nome da criança ou fixadas na Internet por meio do formato eletrônico do blog. Vários estudos qualitativos (FRANCIS, 2006, 2007, 2010 permitiram cruzar diferentes tipos de dados: a estrutura e a organização do diário de nascimento, os textos realizados pelos futuros pais e parentes, assim como, as entrevistas realizadas com as famílias – pais e filhos – tendo por objetivo abordar as práticas familiares em torno destes objetos. Os resultados mostram que as escrituras parentais demonstram as representações sobre a família, a infância e sobre o papel dos pais. Na fronteira entre as “escritas de si” e as “escritas para os outros” (SIMONET-TENANT, 2001; LEJEUNE ET BOGAERT, 2006, os diários de nascimento podem ser definidos como objetos de conotação memorial. Eles são uma oportunidade para as atividades de linguagem que buscam, em primeiro lugar, fixar pela escrita e pela imagem a história familiar e, em segundo lugar, para evocar e transmitir a memória familiar. Se o estudo das práticas familiares em torno dos blogs e dos diários de nascimento destacam as figuras dos pais biógrafos (FRANCIS, 2006 e o papel da criança, o estudo situa igualmente a atividade biográfica dos pais em sua extensão socializadora. This paper examines the parental writings about birth and infancy. Biographic fragments or texts, with or without photographies, can fit into the sections of a baby record book. They can also be archived in babies’ diaries or on the Internet, in the family’s blog. Several qualitative researches (FRANCIS, 2006, 2007, 2010 cross various types of data: the structure and the organization of babies’ books, texts

  8. 基于SketchUp与ArcGIS的山东邹城北宿镇三维GIS系统构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘邢巍; 宋利杰

    2013-01-01

    以ArcGIS为平台,以SketchUp为建模工具,使用VS2008开发了山东邹城北宿镇三维GIS系统,实现了二、三维GIS的查询、浏览以及统计分析、等高线自动生成、淹没分析等功能,较好地满足了一个融合二维GIS的三维GIS应用系统的需求.

  9. Application of SketchUp and Vray in Architecture Design Creation——A Case Study of the Library of the Jiaxing Institute%SketchUp及Vray在建筑设计创作中的应用——以嘉兴学院图书馆为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙鑫芹; 邵琴; 欧阳旭

    2011-01-01

    从国内建筑行业的实际出发,利用SketchUp、Vray渲染器等软件在嘉兴学院图书馆设计中的应用,来展开对三维建模渲染技术在建筑设计中应用的探讨,从而得出SketchUp软件在一定程度上提高了建筑设计工作效率和成果质量,并且也更真实地表现设计作品的内在涵义,值得推广和应用.

  10. 基于Google SketchUp的云南师范大学呈贡校区三维模型的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of 3D Model in Chenggong Campus of Yunnan Normal University Based on Google SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琰; 李晋军; 何凯

    2016-01-01

    以云南师范大学呈贡校区的三维模型的构建为例,探讨了基于Google SketchUp的三维校园模型的建立方法,即以GoogleEarth影像为数据源,以SketchUp为三维建模工具,实现了云南师范大学呈贡校区三维数字校园的可视化与简单交互,并着重从模型的建立、纹理数据的采集及处理、模型的渲染、发布与显示方面进行了论述.

  11. 按照NEMA NU2-2007标准测试Biograph mCT-S64 PET性能%Performance evaluation for Biograph mCT-S64-4R based on NEMA NU2-2007 standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚之丰; 章英剑; 王新村; 毛文杰; 张建平

    2014-01-01

    目的:利用美国电器制造商协会(NEMA)NU2-2007标准对西门子Biograph mCT-S64 PET进行性能测试。方法参照NEMA NU2-2007标准和厂家测试手册,对设备的空间分辨率、散射分数、计数丢失、随机符合、灵敏度、精确度、能量和时间分辨率,以及图像质量、衰减和散射校正精度进行测试。结果设备在视野偏中心1 cm处横向和轴向空间分辨率分别为4.3 mm和4.6 mm,10 cm处横向、轴向和横断切向空间分辨率分别为4.9 mm、5.9 mm和4.7 mm;散射分数为37%;噪声等效计数率在28 kBq/mL时达峰值,为191 kcps;中心和偏中心10 cm处灵敏度分别为10.0 cps/kBq和10.4 cps/kBq;精确性偏差为2.3%;仪器能量分辨率为11.5%,时间分辨率为542.5 ps;图像质量模型中最小直径为10 mm的热球清晰可辨;衰减和散射校正的精确性相对误差为14%。与39环的Biograph 16HR相比,空间分辨率相近,散射分数和图像对比度增高,峰值噪声等效计数率提高125%,灵敏度提高123%。结论Biograph mCT的各项指标均达到NEMA NU2-2007标准要求。灵敏度、噪声等效计数率和图像质量提高,可缩短采集时间和减少药物注射量。%Objective To investigate the performance of mCT-S64-4R by using National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU 2-2007 protocol. Methods NEMA standard phantom and methods were used to test the specification of spatial resolution, scatter fraction, count loss, random measurement, sensitivity, energy and time resolution, image quality, accuracy of attenuation and scatter correction of mCT. Results The transverse and axial resolutions at 1 cm offset from the center were 4.3 mm and 4.6 mm. The scatter fraction was 0.37. The peak true count rate and noise equivalent count rate (NECR) were 550 kcps at 28 kBq/mL and 191 kcps at 28 kBq/mL. Sensitivity values were 10.0 cps/kBq at the center and 10.4 cps/kBq at 10 cm offset from the center. The

  12. Use SketchUp Three-dimensional Modeling to Conduct Landscape Engineering Drawing——Teaching and Research on "Landscape Architecture Pieces" Project%运用SketchUp三维建模进行园林工程制图——《园林建筑小品》项目教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶燕玲

    2014-01-01

    通过运用SketchUp软件的三维建模进行观景台的AutoCAD软件工程制图教学实践,充分强调这两种软件的综合运用,为中职教学改革和项目教学实践提供良好范例.

  13. Galaxy Formation and Large Scale Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Ellis, R

    1999-01-01

    Galaxies represent the visible fabric of the Universe and there has been considerable progress recently in both observational and theoretical studies. The underlying goal is to understand the present-day diversity of galaxy forms, masses and luminosities in the context of theories for the growth of structure. Popular models predict the bulk of the galaxy population assembled recently, in apparent agreement with optical and near-infrared observations. However, detailed conclusions rely crucially on the choice of the cosmological parameters. Although the star formation history has been sketched to early times, uncertainties remain, particularly in connecting to the underlying mass assembly rate. I discuss the expected progress in determining the cosmological parameters and address the question of which observations would most accurately check contemporary models for the origin of the Hubble sequence. The new generation of ground-based and future space-based large telescopes, equipped with instrumentation approp...

  14. Construction of Biometric Secure Sketch: Theory and Practice%生物特征安全概略构造:理论与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李西明; 杨波; 郭玉彬

    2011-01-01

    Based on fingerprint database, extraction and quantization of biometric vector is studied, the change of performance after quantization is discussed and theoretic bound of genuine rejection rate and imposter acceptance rate are given. Using BCH code, construction of secure sketch is made and under different error correction capability genuine rejection rate and imposter acceptance rate are calculated, the distance between theoretic bound and practical parameters is discussed, problems of capability and security of secure sketch are pointed out.%在指纹数据库上研究了生物特征向量的提取和量化问题,讨论了量化前后的性能变化,并分析了理论上安全概略一致拒绝率和不一致接收率的界.采用BCH纠错码实现了安全概略的构造,计算了不同纠错能力下安全概略一致拒绝率和不一致接收率,分析了实际实现算法与理论界限产生差距的原因,指出了现有安全概略构造在性能和安全方面存在的问题.

  15. Study of impoliteness phenomena in Chinese sketches%中文小品中的不礼貌现象研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于红娟

    2016-01-01

    关于礼貌现象早有研究,但是对不礼貌的研究起步较晚,不过近些年已经有多位语言学家形成了自己的不礼貌研究框架体系。文章以小品片段为背景材料,利用 Culpeper 提出的不礼貌策略框架来分析其中的不礼貌现象,挖掘其深层含义并探讨不礼貌话语在小品中所起到的积极作用,让人们从实际例子中更深刻地理解不礼貌,并发现它在某些语境中具有幽默性和娱乐功能。%Studies about politeness started early,but impoliteness study starts late. However,recent years there are some linguists forming their own systematic framework of impoliteness study. This research is based on Chinese sketch clips,using Culpeper’s impoliteness framework to analyze the impoliteness phenomena in it,finding its deeper meaning and discuss impolite-ness utterances’function in sketches. To help people to have a better understanding of the impoliteness through these examples and to find its humorous and entertainment function in some certain contexts.

  16. 基于SketchUp、 Google Earth和Civil 3D的矿山排土场联合建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江帆; 梁勇; 龚选林

    2014-01-01

    建立排土场的三维模型,有利于排土场选址、排土工艺选择和堆置要素的设计过程,增强可视化和体验性,是排土场设计的发展方向.Autodesk Civil 3根据土木工程专业需要专门定制的AutoCAD,其三维设计功能有助于快速完成排土场设计.SketchUp是三维建筑设计方案创作的优秀工具,利用Civil 3D创建的排土场设计数据可导入SketchUp,形成三维排土场模型并直接发布至Google Earth,实际操作表明,三者联合建模的成果可为排土场设计选址、三维展示等提供直观的构思依据.

  17. 艺术院校设计素描基础教学之我见%Some Views on the Essential Teaching of Design Sketch in Art Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁遗鹏

    2016-01-01

    素描是一种思维方式,又是一种表现手段。设计素描作为设计类学生的造型基础课程,在短暂的几周时间里,如何提高学生造型能力、创造能力,充分挖掘他们眼、手、脑的潜能,在我国现有的美术教育体系下,一直是学界颇受关注的问题。本文试图触及这方面的应用和研究,抛砖引玉,以期获得同仁对这方面的关注和探研。%Sketch is a way of thinking, but also a means of ex-pression. Design sketch is a modeling foundation course for stu-dents majoring in design. Under the existing fine arts education system, how to improve students' modeling ability and creativity and fully tap their potential of eyes, hands and brain in several weeks has always been a popular academic concern. This paper attempts to deal with the application and research in this area, in order to provide a reference and arouse the attention and explo-ration of all colleagues.

  18. 《全明词》作者小传订补%A Biographical Correction and Supplement of the Authors in The Collection of Ci Poetry of the Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周明初

    2009-01-01

    对中所收词作不全而可辑补、作者小传中生卒年失考的部分词人的小传进行订补.订补以考证确定作者的生卒年为主,凡作者的生平事迹需补正的,也予以补正.%This paper is a biographical correction and supplement of some authors in The Collection of Ci Poetry of the Ming Dynasty. The correction and supplement includes their years of birth and death and their life stories.

  19. Stories we teach by: intersections among faculty biography, student formation, and instructional processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooper, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Becoming a professional who embodies certain dispositions is known as identity formation. Little research has explored what intentions educators hold for student identity formation or how such intentions influence their teaching. Nine faculty members (all female) in an occupation-centered curriculum were interviewed and observed over 8 weeks. Data were analyzed primarily through narrative writing and data matrixes. Ultimately, educators in this study taught who they were; each personified an implicit curriculum, which conveyed the kind of people students were to become and the ways of knowing they were to adopt through the culture, artifacts, rituals, and modes of communication within a program. In the formation of self-defining professionals who embody occupational therapy's ethos, equal attention is needed to the biographical experiences of faculty members, to thoughtful design of the implicit curriculum, and to the ways of knowing portrayed to students every day in the classroom.

  20. 从“制度文本”到“传记文本”教师教育课程的范式转换%From Institutional Text to Biographical Text: The Paradigm Shift of Teacher Education Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王加强

    2012-01-01

    教师教育制度课程难以保证未来教师的参与水平,难以培养自觉的教师,也落后于发达国家的课程研究与实践。因此,我国教师教育课程需要从课程开发范式的制度文本转换到课程理解范式的传记文本。教师教育存在体验课程是以未来教师和教师教育者的生命体验为内容,以“回溯-前进-分析-综合”的方法揭示这些生命体验的意义从而培养自觉的教师的课程形态。%The teacher education curriculum as institutional text can' t assure high classroom participation of teacher candidate, can' t educate reflective teachers and falls behind the curriculum research and practice of developed countries. Therefore teacher education curriculum need paradigm shift: from institutional text to biographical text. The content of teacher ed- ucation curriculum as biographical text is life experience of teacher educators and teacher candidates, its method is "regressive-progressive-analytical-synthetical", and its purpose is to educate conscious teachers.

  1. To Look For Human Literature: Lin Yu-tang' s Views on Biographical Literature%寻求人的文学:论林语堂的传记文学观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余娜

    2015-01-01

    Biographical literature has actractted the attention of Lin Yu-tang. He not only wrote a few autobiographies and celebrity biographies,but also introduced many excellent works. Studying ancient literature, Lin Yu-tang found natural humanity and happy life. He expressed the idea about the development of Chinese modern biographical literature.%林语堂特别关注传记文学的创作,在不同时期都写有自传,并创作了几部重要的人物传记,且对中外优秀的传记作品大加推介. 在考察中国古代传记文学时,林语堂从现代个体意识出发,发现了自然人性的流露和生命愉悦的存在. 在这样的发现里,他表达了对中国现代传记文学发展的构想:尊重人性的自然流露,在日常俗世中追求超越性,实现审美文化人格的建构.

  2. The Biographical Turn in Sociology:A Dimension of Contemporary Sociology%社会学的传记取向:当代社会学进展的一种维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍磊

    2014-01-01

    Compared with the long history of auto/biography, biographical research in social sciences is fairly a recent thing.There has been a major turn towards biographical approaches in social science (especially in sociology)since the 1980s.Used by Chicago School in the 1920s-1930s,biographical sociology has been supplemented and enlarged ever since.It explores the interplay of biography,culture,and history,and represents the sociological imagination promoted by Wright Mills.The turn,generally speaking,is a reaction against the positivistic domination grounded in social research,emphasizing the role of individual subjectivity and human agency in social life. The turn tries to overcome a series of dualisms or dichotomies inherent in traditional sociological theories.It intends to guide sociologists to rethink about the conceptual framework,topics of enquiry,and also the procedures and practices at the heart of sociology and other social sciences.However,this emergent turn remains controversial. Pierre Bourdieu even denounces it as an illusion. Despite this, biographical sociology will claim a bigger place in academic research with the coming of so-called “the age of biography”.For its further growth,biographical sociology needs to develop its own framework,referring to classic sociological theories,and also to advance its capability of producing original knowledge about social structure and process from the study of individual life stories.%20世纪80年代前后,传记取向成为社会(科)学中众多转向或取向的一种。相较于20世纪二三十年代由芝加哥学派引领的传记研究,这一取向的范围更为宽广。它关注个人经历、历史与文化之间的交互作用,反对奉实证主义为圭臬的社会科学研究,重视人的主体性与能动性。这一取向消解或者说超越了传统的二元论或二分法,促使社会学家反思自己的概念架构、研究方法以及书写实践。虽然在晚近的发展

  3. Towards a total biography? Buty Ikara by Marin Buchowski in the light of Stachura’s writing project – a critical sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borys Szumański

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This critical sketch is dedicated to a new biography of Edward Stachura by Marian Buchowski. A writer like Stachura, whose work is very closely intertwined with his life (at least in his declarations is a challenging protagonist for a biography. In this article, attempts are made at following the way in which Buchowski tries to bring out another human being in the text. His ideas are juxtaposed and confronted with Stachura’s own life-and-art ideas, as to him looking for various methods of recording existence was among the crucial goals of writing. As a result, the thesis is put forward that some sort of a writer’s “totality” is a feature linking Stachura and Buchowski. In this context, the biography written by Buchowski is not only of importance to research into Stachura’s writing but also a significant countersignature of his work.

  4. 浅谈环境手绘表达的课程改革%On the Curriculum Reform of Hand-Painted Sketches in Environment Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛

    2016-01-01

    环境手绘表达课程是环境艺术设计与建筑学专业中一门非常重要的基础课。这门课在一定程度上,承接了其他课程有关于创造、规划以及对于课程创新思想的表现的一些方面。在现有教学中,发现了课程中的一些问题,例如说学生的重视度、兴趣度,课程设计规划,课程课时间安排等,提出了一些教学改革的思考。希望最终对这门课的一些改变可以提高学生的手绘快速表达能力,并将之运用的之后的所有设计课程中。%Hand-painted Sketches in Environment Art is a very important basic course in environmental art design and architecture, which, to a certain extent, takes over something from other courses, such as creativity, planning and innovative ideas. Some problems have been found in the current curriculum in students' attention, interest, curriculum design and planning, curriculum schedule, etc. This paper puts forward some thoughts on teaching reform. Hopefully the reform can improve students’ ability in expressing themselves with their sketches in a fast way, which should be used in all design-related courses.

  5. Galaxy formation

    CERN Document Server

    Silk, Joseph; Dvorkin, Irina

    2015-01-01

    Galaxy formation is at the forefront of observation and theory in cosmology. An improved understanding is essential for improving our knowledge both of the cosmological parameters, of the contents of the universe, and of our origins. In these lectures intended for graduate students, galaxy formation theory is reviewed and confronted with recent observational issues. In Lecture 1, the following topics are presented: star formation considerations, including IMF, star formation efficiency and star formation rate, the origin of the galaxy luminosity function, and feedback in dwarf galaxies. In Lecture 2, we describe formation of disks and massive spheroids, including the growth of supermassive black holes, negative feedback in spheroids, the AGN-star formation connection, star formation rates at high redshift and the baryon fraction in galaxies.

  6. Interpretation of online multi-stroke sketching with straight lines based on time-space relationship%基于时空关系的在线多笔划手绘直线段识别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑侠; 王关峰; 余隋怀; 高满屯

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a novel method for interpreting online multi-stroke sketching with straight lines. The multi-strokes are interpreted as sketch content and are used to generate 2D geometric primitives. The pretreatment approach proposed is able to interpret the dashed or continuous strokes. Through between two strokes fitting line position relations, it is proposed to estimate which is the multi-stroke sketching, and gives the multi-stroke fitting line method using itself characteristic. The distinguish method is proposed for start or terminal points of the multi-stroke sketching. The integrated definitions of straight line are given. This paper develops a human-computer interface prototype system FSR using the proposed theory, which makes system interface easy and friendly to user. The FRS sys-. Tem has been tested with a number of multi-stroke sketches, and the test results show that the algorithm achieves a satisfactory interpretative efficiency.%综合考虑笔划的时空关系对在线多笔划手绘直线段进行识别.基于时间关系进行多笔划预处理;详细讨论基于空间关系的多笔划绘制直线段的识别方法.提出利用两条笔划拟合直线段间的位置关系进行多笔划判定的方法;提出依据其原有拟合特征的多笔划直线段拟合方法及相应的首尾点确定方法;并给出带线型直线段的完整定义.通过算例对提出的算法加以验证和应用.

  7. Soil formation.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breemen, van N.; Buurman, P.

    1998-01-01

    Soil Formation deals with qualitative and quantitative aspects of soil formation (or pedogenesis) and the underlying chemical, biological, and physical processes. The starting point of the text is the process - and not soil classification. Effects of weathering and new formation of minerals, mobilis

  8. A Review of e-Learning in Canada: A Rough Sketch of the Evidence, Gaps and Promising Directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip C Abrami

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This review provides a rough sketch of the evidence, gaps and promising directions in e-learning from 2000 onwards, with a particular focus on Canada. We searched a wide range of sources and document types to ensure that we represented, comprehensively, the arguments surrounding e-learning. Overall, there were 2,042 entries in our database, of which we reviewed 1,146, including all the Canadian primary research and all scholarly reviews of the literature. In total, there were 726 documents included in our review: 235 – general public opinion; 131 – trade/practitioners’ opinion; 88 – policy documents; 120 – reviews; and 152 – primary empirical research. The Argument Catalogue codebook included the following eleven classes of variables: 1 Document Source; 2 Areas/Themes of e-learning; 3 Value/Impact; 4 Type of evidence; 5 Research design; 6 Area of applicability; 7 Pedagogical implementation factors; 8 A-priori attitudes; 9 Types of learners; 10 Context; and 11 Technology Factors. We examined the data from a number of perspectives, including their quality as evidence. In the primary research literature, we examined the kinds of research designs that were used. We found that over half of the studies conducted in Canada are qualitative in nature, while the rest are split in half between surveys and quantitative studies (correlational and experimental. When we looked at the nature of the research designs, we found that 51% are qualitative case studies and 15.8% are experimental or quasi-experimental studies. It seems that studies that can help us understand “what works” in e-learning settings are underrepresented in the Canadian research literature. The documents were coded to provide data on outcomes of e-learning (we also refer to them as “impacts” of e-learning. Outcomes/impacts are the perceived or measured benefits of e-learning, whereas predictors are the conditions or features of e-learning that can potentially affect the

  9. LOS DICCIONARIOS BIOGRÁFICOS DEL MOVIMIENTO OBRERO: ANÁLISIS COMPARADO DE UN GÉNERO CIENTÍFICO THE BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARIES OF THE LABOR MOVEMENT: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF A SCIENTIFIC GENDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Groppo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde la década de 1960, los estudios de biografía colectiva consagrados al movimiento obrero han conocido un desarrollo considerable, tanto en Francia como en muchos otros países, y han conducido a la elaboración de algunos diccionarios y bases de datos biográficos. La multiplicación de estas iniciativas es el testimonio de la difusión de una nueva sensibilidad historiográfica. La aproximación socio-biográfica, inaugurada en Francia por el Diccionario Maitron, contribuyó a superar la historiografía tradicional del movimiento obrero, focalizado hasta entonces en las organizaciones, las ideologías y los dirigentes. Al interesarse por el rol de los militantes "obscuros", ha permitido -entre otras cosas- reconstruir, sobre la base de itinerarios individuales, el perfil de diferentes generaciones de militantes. Este artículo traza un panorama general de los diccionarios biográficos existentes y de las iniciativas en curso. También presenta los principales trabajos de biografía colectiva sobre el movimiento comunista, realizados después de la apertura de los archivos rusos y de los de varios partidos comunistas.Since the Sixties the studies of labour's collective biographies experienced a strong development in France and in other countries, and led to the production of a number of biographical dictionaries and databases. The multiplication of such initiatives evidentiates a new historiographical sensibility. The socio-biographical approach, inaugurated in France by the Maitron, contributed to going beyond the traditional labour historiography, which focused on the organisations, the ideologies and the main leaders. By giving attention to less-known militants, it permitted to reconstruct the profile of various generations of labour militants on the basis of individual itineraries. The article offers an overview of the existing biographical dictionaries and of some current projects. It discusses also the main collective biographies

  10. Ribeiro ou Miranda-Ribeiro? Nota biográfica sobre Alípio de Miranda Ribeiro (1874-1939 Ribeiro or Miranda-Ribeiro? A biographical note on Alípio de Miranda Ribeiro (1874-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José P Pombal Jr

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Alípio de Miranda Ribeiro was one of the foremost Brazilian naturalists of his era and published extensively on all vertebrate groups. His son, Paulo de Miranda Ribeiro (1901-1965, was an ichthyologist, and, as his father, worked at the Museu Nacional, in Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. Although the papers of Alípio and Paulo de Miranda Ribeiro are commonly cited, two distinct forms are found: Ribeiro and Miranda-Ribeiro. The use a hyphen between Miranda and Ribeiro (spo-radically, and verified names of ancestor and descendants suggest that the better form for citation is Miranda-Ribeiro. A short biographical note on Alípio de Miranda-Ribeiro is provided.

  11. 论《燕太子丹质于秦章》的史传文学特征%On the Historical and Biographical Literature Features of Crown Prince Dan of Yan Matter in Qin Chapter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小恒

    2012-01-01

    Intriques of the Warring States has distinct Crown Prince Dan of Yan Matter in Qin Chapter as an and biography literature from the prospects of narrative and detailed description. historical and biographical literature features. Taking the example, this paper analyzes its characteristics of history integrity, taking people as the center, the legendary sense%《战国策》一书具有鲜明的史传文学特征。以《燕太子丹质于秦章》为例,从叙事的完整性、以人物为中心、传奇色彩和细节描写等诸方面剖析其作为史传文学的特征。

  12. 动漫专业素描及其教学实践%The animation specialty sketch and teaching practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘波

    2012-01-01

    结合教学实践探索素描(速写)和漫画创作的内在规律及其教学方法,论述了漫画速写观察方法、表现方法的特征以及课程训练方式的改进.漫画在专业性上与传统架上绘画既一脉相承又有所差异.漫画的时效性、流行性决定了其商业流通的社会功能;画面造型的合理、美观成为主流需求.漫画的初期训练和架上绘画的初期训练是基本相似的,只是漫画更强调快速理解表现,以适应快节奏的商业需求;架上绘画是比较个人化的创作形态,在快速表现的同时更强调长期作业研究,为创作积累丰富的经验.在漫画专业基础课教学实践中,尝试将短期素描和速写的优势互补,快速有效地训练学生的瞬间感知能力,然后在此基础上向漫画逐渐转换.使学生将基础训练和专业训练结合起来,以达到课程之间的合理衔接.在动画专业2011级学生的动漫素描课程实践中,这种方法已取得初步成效.%Combining with teaching practice, this paper is going to propose a teaching method concerning the internal discipline of the creation of sketches and comics. Meanwhile, the observation and expression characteristics of sketches and comics and the improvement of curricular training are discussed. Comics and traditional easel paintings are different from each other. However, they share something in common as well. The timeliness and epidemicity of comics determine their social function as commercial circulation. Hence, reasonable and beautiful frames have become the main needs. This means that the preliminary training of comics is similar to that of easel paintings. The only difference is, comics emphasize more on a quick-understanding expression, so that they can meet the fast-paced business needs, while easel paintings are comparatively a personal creation type, they require a long-term research that can gather rich experience as well as a quick expression. In the teaching

  13. An ecohydrological sketch of climate change impacts on water and natural ecosystems for The Netherlands: bridging the gap between science and society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. M. Witte

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available For policy making and spatial planning, information is needed about the impacts of climate change on natural ecosystems. To provide this information, commonly hydrological and ecological models are used. We give arguments for our assessment that modelling only is insufficient for determining the impacts of climate changes on natural ecosystems at regional scales. Instead, we proposed a combination of hydrological simulations, a literature review and process-knowledge on climate-hydrology-vegetation interactions, to compile a sketch-map that indicates climate change effects on a number of ecosystems in The Netherlands. Soon after its introduction, copies of our sketch-map appeared in policy documents and in a commercial and popular atlas of The Netherlands. Moreover, the map led to a question in the Dutch parliament about the survivability of bog reserves in the future climate. Apparently, there was an urgent need for the information provided by the map.

    The map shows that climate change will presumably have the largest influence on ecosystems in The Netherlands that depend on precipitation as the major water source, like heathlands, dry grasslands, rain-fed moorland pools and raised bogs. Also highly susceptible are fens in reserves surrounded by deeply drained polders, because such fens depend on the inlet of surface water, of which quality is likely to deteriorate upon climate change. While the map is indicative for directions of change, in view of the uncertainties of our study no conclusions should be drawn that may have far-reaching consequences, such as giving up certain nature targets that might no longer be feasible in the future climate. Instead, we advise to anticipate on the potential threats from climate change by taking a number of adaptation measures that enhance the robustness of nature reserves.

    To improve climate change projections on hydrology and ecosystems, future research should especially focus on

  14. 关于设计素描在教学中的几点思考%Thoughts On Design Sketch In Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新华; 张一涵

    2016-01-01

    作为艺术院校本科一年级的基础必修课,为了提高其教学质量,在研究及讲授该门课程的几年来,采用如下几方面的努力与改革,即:注重设计草图的训练,结合艺术专业设计课学习的创新思路、抽象能力的培养,新材料的运用。%As a first-year undergraduate art colege foundation courses, in order to improve the quality of their teaching, a professor at the course of the past few years, efforts to introduce the folowing several aspects, namely: focus on design sketches of training, a combination of art classes to learn professional design innovative ideas, abstract ability, the use of new materials.

  15. Towards an auditory account of speech rhythm: application of a model of the auditory 'primal sketch' to two multi-language corpora.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Christopher S; Todd, Neil P McAngus

    2004-10-01

    The world's languages display important differences in their rhythmic organization; most particularly, different languages seem to privilege different phonological units (mora, syllable, or stress foot) as their basic rhythmic unit. There is now considerable evidence that such differences have important consequences for crucial aspects of language acquisition and processing. Several questions remain, however, as to what exactly characterizes the rhythmic differences, how they are manifested at an auditory/acoustic level and how listeners, whether adult native speakers or young infants, process rhythmic information. In this paper it is proposed that the crucial determinant of rhythmic organization is the variability in the auditory prominence of phonetic events. In order to test this auditory prominence hypothesis, an auditory model is run on two multi-language data-sets, the first consisting of matched pairs of English and French sentences, and the second consisting of French, Italian, English and Dutch sentences. The model is based on a theory of the auditory primal sketch, and generates a primitive representation of an acoustic signal (the rhythmogram) which yields a crude segmentation of the speech signal and assigns prominence values to the obtained sequence of events. Its performance is compared with that of several recently proposed phonetic measures of vocalic and consonantal variability.

  16. Galaxy Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparre, Martin

    Galaxy formation is an enormously complex discipline due to the many physical processes that play a role in shaping galaxies. The objective of this thesis is to study galaxy formation with two different approaches: First, numerical simulations are used to study the structure of dark matter and how...... galaxies form stars throughout the history of the Universe, and secondly it is shown that observations of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) can be used to probe galaxies with active star formation in the early Universe. A conclusion from the hydrodynamical simulations is that the galaxies from the stateof......-the-art cosmological simulation, Illustris, follow a tight relation between star formation rate and stellar mass. This relation agrees well with the observed relation at a redshift of z = 0 and z = 4, but at intermediate redshifts of z ' 2 the normalisation is lower than in real observations. This is highlighted...

  17. Galaxy Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparre, Martin

    galaxies form stars throughout the history of the Universe, and secondly it is shown that observations of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) can be used to probe galaxies with active star formation in the early Universe. A conclusion from the hydrodynamical simulations is that the galaxies from the stateof......-the-art cosmological simulation, Illustris, follow a tight relation between star formation rate and stellar mass. This relation agrees well with the observed relation at a redshift of z = 0 and z = 4, but at intermediate redshifts of z ' 2 the normalisation is lower than in real observations. This is highlighted...... of GRB host galaxies is affected by the fact that GRBs appear mainly to happen in low-metallicity galaxies. Solving this problem will make it possible to derive the total cosmic star formation rate more reliably from number counts of GRBs....

  18. Hippocampal formation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cappaert, N.L.M.; van Strien, N.M.; Witter, M.P.; Paxinos, G.

    2015-01-01

    The hippocampal formation and parahippocampal region are prominent components of the rat nervous system and play a crucial role in learning, memory, and spatial navigation. Many new details regarding the entorhinal cortex have been discovered since the previous edition, and the growing interest in t

  19. Vivenciando situações de conflito no contexto da enfermagem: o esquete como estratégia de ensino-aprendizagem Experiencias con situaciones de conflicto en el contexto de la enfermería: el sketch como estrategia de enseñanza-aprendizaje Experiencing conflict situations in the context of nursing: the use of sketch as a teaching-learning strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Aparecida Spagnol

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Na disciplina optativa: "Análise de situações de conflito vivenciadas pela equipe de enfermagem no contexto das organizações de saúde", do Curso de Graduação da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, utilizou-se o esquete como técnica de ensino, a fim de possibilitar uma relação pedagógica prazerosa, a partir de vivências apreendidas na realidade. O objetivo foi analisar a experiência dos alunos que cursaram a disciplina e dramatizaram uma situação real de conflito. Para isso, um grupo entrevistou um enfermeiro de um serviço de saúde, buscando apreender um conflito vivenciado no seu ambiente de trabalho, a fim de dramatizar essa situação. Um outro grupo, após análise, deveria elaborar outro desfecho para a situação. As encenações em relação à temática gestão de conflitos organizacionais permitiram aos alunos colocarem-se na posição do outro e fazerem reflexões mais elaboradas da prática profissional, refletindo sobre suas condutas como futuros enfermeiros.El sketch fue utilizado como técnica de enseñanza en el curso electivo "Análisis de situaciones de conflictos experimentadas por el equipo de enfermería en el contexto de las organizaciones de salud", del Curso de Graduación en Enfermería de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, para proporcionar una relación pedagógica productiva a partir de experiencias extraídas de la realidad. El estudio analizó las experiencias de estudiantes que completaron la disciplina y dramatizaron una situación real de conflicto. Uno de los grupos entrevistó un enfermero de un servicio de salud, buscando entender un conflicto experimentado en su entorno de trabajo, con el fin de dramatizar la situación tal como sucedió. Otro grupo, después del análisis, ha tenido que producir otro resultado para la situación. Las simulaciones relacionadas con el tema de la gestión de conflictos organizacionales permitieron a

  20. Emotion-based Fusion of Chinese and Western Culture---A Study on Li Chang-zhi's Biographical Criticism%情感基础上的中西融合--李长之传记批评法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁劲

    2014-01-01

    在中国现代文学批评中,李长之的传记批评法独具特色,其中既有远承古典传统的象喻式批评法,又有西方理论影响下的文本细读、心理分析和社会历史批评法。在由作品分析而深入到作者及其时代考察的过程中,李长之始终强调情感体验的重要性,这也是其研究方法能够成功融合中西的关键所在。%Li Chang-zhi's biographical criticism has its unique characteristics in Chinese modern literary criticism .In addition to imagery criticism inherited from Chinese classic tradition , we can also find text perusal , psychological analysis and socio-histori-cal criticism, which are influenced by western theory , in his critical practice .From works analysis to authors and historical back-ground investigation , he always emphasizes the importance of emotional experience , which is the key to the successful fusion of Chinese and western culture .

  1. Section III: Examining American Values: Value Choices Since Revolutionary Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Social Education, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The statements of Erik Erikson and Urie Bronfenbrenner on American values are followed by a values clarification exercise and an activity based on biographical sketches of five Americans who lived before and after the American Revolution. (KM)

  2. Joseph C. Risser Sr., 1892–1982

    OpenAIRE

    Manring, M. M.; Calhoun, Jason

    2009-01-01

    This biographical sketch of Joseph C. Risser Sr. corresponds to the historic text, The Classic: The Iliac Apophysis: An Invaluable Sign in the Management of Scoliosis, available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-009-1096-z.

  3. Galaxy formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peebles, P J

    1998-01-01

    It is argued that within the standard Big Bang cosmological model the bulk of the mass of the luminous parts of the large galaxies likely had been assembled by redshift z approximately 10. Galaxy assembly this early would be difficult to fit in the widely discussed adiabatic cold dark matter model for structure formation, but it could agree with an isocurvature version in which the cold dark matter is the remnant of a massive scalar field frozen (or squeezed) from quantum fluctuations during inflation. The squeezed field fluctuations would be Gaussian with zero mean, and the distribution of the field mass therefore would be the square of a random Gaussian process. This offers a possibly interesting new direction for the numerical exploration of models for cosmic structure formation.

  4. Cloud Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Mark Talmage

    2004-05-01

    Cloud formation is crucial to the heritage of modern physics, and there is a rich literature on this important topic. In 1927, Charles T.R. Wilson was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for applications of the cloud chamber.2 Wilson was inspired to study cloud formation after working at a meteorological observatory on top of the highest mountain in Scotland, Ben Nevis, and testified near the end of his life, "The whole of my scientific work undoubtedly developed from the experiments I was led to make by what I saw during my fortnight on Ben Nevis in September 1894."3 To form clouds, Wilson used the sudden expansion of humid air.4 Any structure the cloud may have is spoiled by turbulence in the sudden expansion, but in 1912 Wilson got ion tracks to show up by using strobe photography of the chamber immediately upon expansion.5 In the interim, Millikan's study in 1909 of the formation of cloud droplets around individual ions was the first in which the electron charge was isolated. This study led to his famous oil drop experiment.6 To Millikan, as to Wilson, meteorology and physics were professionally indistinct. With his meteorological physics expertise, in WWI Millikan commanded perhaps the first meteorological observation and forecasting team essential to military operation in history.7 But even during peacetime meteorology is so much of a concern to everyone that a regular news segment is dedicated to it. Weather is the universal conversation topic, and life on land could not exist as we know it without clouds. One wonders then, why cloud formation is never covered in physics texts.

  5. 基于GPU的实时素描风格渲染算法%Real-time sketch style rendering algorithm based on GPU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高山晓; 吴献

    2015-01-01

    To simulate lines and shades in sketch style better, this paper presented an improved technique for rendering 3D meshes in the pencil drawing style. The algorithm divided the rendering process into three processes - contour drawing, texture drawing and tone adjustment. For contour drawing, this paper used multi-sampling to detect object contours and proposed chi-square distribution and trigonometric function to imitate the pencil line drawing. For texture drawing, this paper used the tangent and binormal of the model to generate integration directions. Then a pencil drawing texture was generated by using Liner Integral Convolution ( LIC) technology. As the result of the blend of multiple rendering may lead the tone to gray, this paper added the tone drawing before the final output. Through the Newton interpolation method to calculate the output curve, the final color distribution results were more like pencil drawing style. Experiments show that the work is more efficient and has a better performance. This algorithm can better simulate the hand-painted style lines and be applied to video game rendering.%为了更好地模拟素描画中线条的轻重变化和明暗变化,提出了一种改进的素描风格渲染算法。将渲染过程分为轮廓线绘制、纹理绘制和色调调整三个部分;在轮廓线染绘制过程中采用多重采样来辨识轮廓线,利用卡方分布和紊乱场来模拟生成素描化线条绘制;在纹理渲染绘制中,利用模型的切线和副法线生成多个方向场,通过对白噪声纹理的线性卷积( LIC)生成素描化纹理;通过牛顿插值法重新计算了输出曲线解决多重渲染混合后绘制效果偏灰问题。实验结果显示改进后素描风格渲染算法具有更高的渲染效率和更好的渲染效果。算法能够较好地实现素描风格的渲染效果,并可广泛适用于影视游戏开发中。

  6. An Elastic Meshes HOG Feature for Sketch Vehicles Recognition%基于弹性网格HOG特征的手绘车符识别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晨晖; 林家琪; 郭丽清; 邝炜祥

    2013-01-01

    研究了常用的28类机动车和非机动车的车符识别问题.针对手绘车符不规则形变和样本间相似度高的特点,提出一种基于弹性网格方向梯度直方图(histograms of oriented gradients,HOG)特征提取方法,该方法利用了水平与垂直投影直方图较好地表征图符的全局特征、局部特征及HOG特征,结合弹性网格吸收形变的能力,使得在现有的训练样本库中总识别率达94.8%,在手写数字等3个不同领域的手绘图符样本库中,平均识别率达92.5%.实验结果表明,该方法对手绘车符识别具有较高的识别率,对其他手绘图符也有较好的识别效果.%This paper focus on the problem of recognizing 28 kinds of motored and non-motorized hand-drawn vehicle symbols which are commonly used in traffic accident description.To solve the problems of the irregular transformation of sketch vehicles and similarity among different vehicles during recognition,an elastic meshes HOG feature is proposed.In this feature,horizontal and vertical projection histogram which is a good choice for global features is used to calculate the elastic meshes,and then elastic meshes combine with HOG feature instead of HOG's cells for absorbing deformation.The total recognition rate reaches 94.8% in our set of samples,and 92.5 % for different areas of the pen digits,common diagram shapes,and electrical circuit symbols.The experimental results show that:our proposed algorithm has a high recognition rate for the hand-drawn vehicle symbols and it has a good promotion prospects.

  7. THE SCIENCE OF SCIENCE (NAUKOZNAWSTWO) IN POLAND: THE CHANGING THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES AND POLITICAL CONTEXTS--A HISTORICAL SKETCH FROM THE 1910S TO 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokowski, Michał

    2015-01-01

    The article sketches the history of naukoznawstwo (literally meaning the science connoisseurship or the science of science or science studies) in Poland from the 1910s to the end of the Cold War (1991), and the recovery of full political independence in 1993. It outlines the changing research perspectives of this interdisciplinary field of knowledge in Poland against a background of changing political conditions caused by the reconfigurations of the political order. The first part of the article concerns the period from the 1910s, when Poland was occupied by Russia, Prussia, and Austria, through the regaining of independence by Poland in 1918, the reconstruction of the state in 1918-1939; the second part--World War II; the third part--the period from the initial period of Soviet dominance (1944-1954) in Poland and simultaneously the beginnings of the Cold War (1947-1954), the period 1955-1956 (when the Polish state was liberated from Sovietization), through the different political crises in October 1956, March 1968, December 1970, and June 1976, to the emergence of the Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity in September 1980, the end of the Cold War (1991), and the recovery of full political independence in 1993. The article outlines the fundamental achievements of prominent Polish scholars (among others K. Twardowski, M. Ossowska, S. Ossowski, T. Kotarbiński, K. Ajdukiewicz, S. Michalski, F. Znaniecki, B. Suchodolski, L. Fleck, M. Choynowski, Z. Modzelewski, S. Amsterdamski), politicians (among others B. Bierut, E. Krasowska), politicians and scholars (H. Jabłoński, S. Kulczyński), as well as committees (among others the Academic Section of the Józef Mianowski Fund, The Science of Science Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences), schools of thought (among others the Lvov-Warsaw School of Philosophy), and academic units (among others the Science of Science Seminar in Kraków, the Department for the History of Science and Technology of the Polish

  8. The Patient’s Pain in Her Own Words: Margaret Mathewson’s ‘Sketch of Eight Months a Patient, in the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, A.D. 1877’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Wilson Carpenter

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available It has been commonly assumed that nineteenth-century hospital patients were objectified, silenced, treated as the 'accident' of their disease, to use Michel Foucault's term, and also that as charity patients they were largely illiterate paupers, and consequently did not write accounts of their hospital experience. One such account has been known, however, since the 1970s, when W. B. Howie and S. A. B. Black published two articles in medical journals on Margaret Mathewson's 'Sketch of Eight Months a Patient, in the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, A.D. 1877'. Martin Goldman subsequently published excerpts from the 'Sketch' in 'Lister Ward' (1987. But Mathewson's account of her experience as a surgical patient of Joseph Lister has never been published in its entirety, nor has it been known that the two existing copies of the manuscript differ extensively, as Mathewson decided to leave out 'some insignificant items and put in others more interesting' in the later version. Admitted because Lister thought he could save her arm from amputation by excision of her tuberculous shoulder joint, her narrative vividly details what it was like to be a surgical patient in Scotland in 1877. Her revisions to that narrative provide clues as to what she thought prudent to exclude from her account, after friends had asked her to publish it. As a charity patient, she was subordinated to the hospital staff, expected to wait uncomplainingly and to accept whatever treatment was given. But her 'Sketch' reveals such unexpected and surprising information as the willingness of the staff, including Lister himself, to teach her and other patients about the nature of their disease and also how to care for themselves, especially how to change their own dressings. Even more startling, Mathewson's narrative documents her confrontation of a 'cruel dresser', a medical student whom she believed to be deliberately causing her pain when he changed her dressing and manipulated her arm

  9. 语用预设与喜剧小品--以“今天的幸福”为个案研究%Pragmatic Presupposition and Comedy Sketch-A Case Study Based on Jin Tian de Xing Fu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑞杰

    2014-01-01

    幽默广泛地存在于人们的日常生活中。语言,面部表情,身体移动等多种形式都能制造幽默。但最常见的的表现形式则是言语幽默。喜剧小品就是一种借助语言表达幽默的艺术形式。许多语言学家从关联理论、言语行为理论等视角研究过小品中的言语幽默,但是以语用预设为理论框架的研究相对较少。文章运用孙茂玲在《近十年语用预设研究综述》中归纳的语用预设的基本特征为理论框架,从共知性、合适性、主观性和单向性四个方面对小品“今天的幸福”中的言语幽默进行研究,发现语用预设可以对中国喜剧小品中的幽默发挥重要作用。%Humor universally exists in people's daily life. Humor can be produced via language, facial expressions, body move-ments, etc, but the most common form is verbal humor. The comedy sketch is a kind of art form which expresses the humor with the help of a language. Many linguists study the verbal humor in comedy sketch from the views of relevance theory, speech act theory, etc, but less based on the theoretical framework of pragmatic presupposition. This paper used the characteristics of pragmatic presupposition summarized by Sun Maoling in A General Survey on the Pragmatic Presupposition as the theoretical framework. This paper anal sized the verbal humor in Chinese comedy sketch Jin tian de xing fu from the perspectives of com-mon ground, appropriateness, subjectivity and monotones. The discovery indicates that pragmatic presupposition plays an impor-tant role in the humor and amusement of comedy sketch.

  10. Green, Gray and White. Nature and Architecture in the Maps of Catastro de Ensenada and the sketches of Diccionario Geográfico by Tomás López

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José ORTEGA CHINCHILLA

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available As opposed to the grey line that defines public and private space of cohabitation, and the colour white that takes us to marginal, unproductive or inaccessible spaces, we find in these images the colour green as an expression of that remote sensibility –almost magical– which links man with nature. The study of the colour, lines and composition of the maps that appear in the Respuestas Generales of the Catastro de Ensenada and the sketches sent by the pastors of the different Spanish cities to the geographer Tomás López, in this article I analyse.

  11. Cement Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Telschow, Samira; Jappe Frandsen, Flemming; Theisen, Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    Cement production has been subject to several technological changes, each of which requires detailed knowledge about the high multiplicity of processes, especially the high temperature process involved in the rotary kiln. This article gives an introduction to the topic of cement, including...... an overview of cement production, selected cement properties, and clinker phase relations. An extended summary of laboratory-scale investigations on clinkerization reactions, the most important reactions in cement production, is provided. Clinker formations by solid state reactions, solid−liquid and liquid...

  12. Fernando de los Ríos

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Semblanza de Fernando de los Ríos: apunte biográfico y elementos centrales de su obra como intelectual y profesor de Derecho Político.Biographical sketch of Fernando de los Rios: biographical information and central elements of his work as intellectual and as Constitutional Law professor.

  13. Clarisse Leite: perfil biográfico e listagem temática das obras para piano * Clarisse Leite: biographical profile and listing of piano works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRISCILA FOLLMANN BARBAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O objetivo deste artigo é construir um perfil biográfico da compositora, pianista e professora de piano Clarisse Leite (1917-2003 e elaborar uma listagem de sua obra para piano, de forma a redigir um registro formal e sistematizado de seu legado, já que sua atuação foi de notada relevância no cenário musical da época e região em que viveu. Como compositora, escreveu para diversos instrumentos e formações, com destaque para o piano. Como pianista, se apresentou em diferentes cidades e estados brasileiros, além de concertos internacionais na Áustria e Hungria. Como professora de piano, criou o método da ginástica anatômica. Os concursos de piano Clarisse Leite, realizados anualmente, e por ela organizados, revelaram diversos talentos da música do nosso país.Palavras-chave: Clarisse Leite – Música Brasileira – Piano. Abstract: The aim of this article is to write a short biography of the Brazilian composer, pianist and piano teacher Clarisse Leite (1917-2003, as well as to make a list of her piano works and writing a formal register of her work, since her professional work was of relevance to the time and area she lived. As a composer, she wrote to various instruments and formations, but especially for the piano. As a pianist, she performed in many different cities and states of Brazil and also in Austria and Hungary. As a piano teacher, she developed her own technique, which she called “ginástica anatômica” (anatomic gym. The Clarisse Leite piano contests she organized happened every year and revealed many talents of Brazilian piano music.Keywords: Clarisse Leite – Brazilian Music – Piano.

  14. Galaxy Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Longair, Malcolm S

    2008-01-01

    This second edition of Galaxy Formation is an up-to-date text on astrophysical cosmology, expounding the structure of the classical cosmological models from a contemporary viewpoint. This forms the background to a detailed study of the origin of structure and galaxies in the Universe. The derivations of many of the most important results are derived by simple physical arguments which illuminate the results of more advanced treatments. A very wide range of observational data is brought to bear upon these problems, including the most recent results from WMAP, the Hubble Space Telescope, galaxy surveys like the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey, studies of Type 1a supernovae, and many other observations.

  15. On the Source of the Quotation from a «Biographer» of st. Sergius of Radonezh in prince E. N. Trubetskoy’s Lecture «Speculation in Colours»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Khondzinsky

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In his lecture «Speculation in Colours» prince E. N. Trubetskoy quotes an unnamed «biographer» of St. Sergius of Radonezh, who reported that the saint «erected a church in the name of the Holy Trinity as a mirror for all those whom he had gathered for communal life, so that the contemplation of the Holy Trinity might vanquish the fear of the hateful dividedness of the world». It is however noteworthy, that detecting the source of this quotation has not been possible up to this day: in fact, none of the ancient Vitae of St. Sergius contains it. Besides, although we can say with certainty that it was St. Sergius who has initiated special veneration of the Holy Trinity in the Russian tradition, an analysis of text sources shows that the idea of unification of the whole creation on the model of the Trinitarian unity — that exactly idea which was elaborated by prince E. N. Trubetskoy on the basis of the passage cited — is not presented in them. This makes the author of this article believe that the source for this quotation belongs to a much later epoch. His research let him claim that the source of the quotation is a text by archimandrite Anthony (Khrapovitsky which was interpolated by N. F. Fedorov into his own discourse and reproduced by prince Trubetskoy in Fedorov’s «transcription». This conclusion enables us to make our apprehensions about the Old Russian tradition more precise and to assess critically the concepts of modern theologians, philosophers and art scholars based on this quotation.

  16. Yunus Örneğinde Kahramanı Ete Kemiğe Büründürmek Identity And Personality In Biographic Novels Yunus Emre Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümmühan BİLGİN TOPÇU

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A novel gains value by means of the harmony among itscomponents. In this harmony, each component is equally important.However, ıt is important to analyze each component separately. In thisstudy, hero is handled as one of these components. A hero in a novel is a component that has undertaken the dramatic action and the thematic power. The hero is also handled from identity and personality point of view, and considered as the most essential instrument of reality impression. The presentation of the hero, therefore, is the main concern. The presentation of the hero is important. The author is completely free in selection and the regulation of the details that are used to shape the identity and personality of a hero. Biographic novels, in this sense, are hero centred narratives. However, they are supposed to combine the reality with the fiction to a certain degree as they are narratives partly resting on the reality. Bearing these in mind, the restricted use of fiction framed by the reality in biographic novels is an important issue, and it is worth questioning how it is used by different authors. This study aims to compare and contrast two biographic novels that narrates Yunus Emre by Emine Işınsu and İskender Pala. It further aims to investigate how identity and personality of Yunus shaped by these two authors. It is concluded that each narrative is some kind of interpretation. Bir romanı değerli kılan onu oluşturan unsurların kaynaşmasıdır.Bu bütünlük içerisinde romanı oluşturan unsurlardan biri diğerindenönemli değildir; ancak bir inceleme bu unsurların her birinin ayrı ayrıyerlerinin tespitini gerektirir. Bu çalışmada romanda kahramanıntakdimi üzerinde durulmuştur. Bir edebî eserde kahraman, çoğunluklatematik gücü ve dramatik aksiyonunu üstlenmiş bir unsurdur. Aynızamanda kimlik ve kişilik yönünden işlenen kahraman, romandagerçeklik izlenimini destekleyen en önemli araçtır. Bu yüzden onunsunumu,

  17. Telpiskās modelēšanas programmas SketchUp izmantošana sākumskolā starppriekšmetu saiknes īstenošanai

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darbs „Telpiskās modelēšanas programmas SketchUp izmantošana sākumskolā starppriekšmetu saiknes īstenošanai”. Maģistra darba mērķis ir izpētīt SketchUp programmas izmantošanas iespējas sākumskolā starppriekšmetu saiknes īstenošanā. Pirmajā nodaļā „Starppriekšmetu saiknes jēdziens un tā pielietošana izglītības sistēmā” tiek apskatīts starppriekšmetu saiknes jēdziens, integrēšanas jēdziens kā arī realizēšanas veidi mācību procesā un iespējamie ieguvumi no konkrētajā veidā organizēta mā...

  18. Integrando desenhos e imagens de satélite no estudo de mudanças no uso e cobertura da terra Integrating sketch maps and satellite pictures in the study of changes in land coverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro de Oliveira D'Antona

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Analisamos o procedimento de coleta e processamento de informações sobre uso e cobertura da terra, obtidas por desenhos feitos com moradores de lotes rurais, em um segmento da Rodovia Transamazônica, no Pará. Consideramos as peculiaridades dos dados de campo buscando integrá-los aos dados obtidos por satélite. Concluímos que o instrumento deve ser usado sistematicamente no aprimoramento de abordagens interdisciplinares para o estudo de mudanças ambientais.We analyzed the procedure of collecting and processing information in regard to land use and land coverage obtained from sketch maps created together with rural property owners in a settlement area along the Transamazonica, the Transamazon Highway, in Pará, Brazil. We assessed the special features of field data and integrated them with data from satellites. We concluded that these sketch maps can be used systematically to improve interdisciplinary approaches in the study of environmental changes.

  19. GOOGLE SKETCHUP SOFTWARE IN SUPPORT OF URBAN DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF THE APPLICATION OF TECHNIQUES%Google SketchUp软件在城市设计中的辅助应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦美玉娜

    2012-01-01

    着重研究Google SketchUp软件在城市设计中的可视化再现城市空间形态、直观感受城市物质空间环境的作用,特别是其强大功能在规划设计工作的方案构思、规划互动、设计过程与规划成果表达、感性择优方案等方面,探讨Google SketchUp与其它软件在功能衔接、格式转换、软件编辑、视频模仿、三维演示等方面体现出的优势,目的在于强化城市设计工作的公众参与性,使城市设计工作注入更丰富的感性元素和艺术效果,为建立未来数字化城市平台打下基础.

  20. The taphonomy of dinosaurs from the Upper Jurassic of Tendaguru (Tanzania based on field sketches of the German tendaguru expedition (1909–1913

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.-D. Heinrich

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Tendaguru is one of the most important dinosaur localities in Africa. The Tendaguru Beds have produced a diverse Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian dinosaur assemblage, including sauropods (Brachiosaurus, Barosaurus, Dicraeosaurus, Janenschia, theropods (e.g., Elaphrosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Allosaurus, and ornithischians (Kentrosaurus, Dryosaurus. Contrary to the well studied skeletal anatomy of the Tendaguru dinosaurs, the available taphonomic information is rather limited, and a generally accepted taphonomic model has not yet been established. Assessment of unpublished excavation sketches by the German Tendaguru expedition (1909–1913 document bone assemblages of sauropod and ornithischian dinosaurs from the Middle Saurian Bed, Upper Saurian Bed, and the Transitional Sands above the Trigonia smeei Bed, and shed some light on the taphonomy of the Tendaguru dinosaurs. Stages of disarticulation range from incomplete skeletons to solitary bones, and strongly argue for carcass decay and post-mortem transport prior to burial. The sauropod bone accumulations are dominated by adult individuals, and juveniles are rare or missing. The occurrence of bones in different superimposed dinosaur-bearing horizons indicates that skeletal remains were accumulated over a long time span during the Late Jurassic, and the majority of the bone accumulations are probably attritional. These accumulations are likely to have resulted from long-term bone imput due to normal mortality events caused by starvation, seasonal drought, disease, old age and weakness. The depositional environment of the Middle and Upper Saurian Bed was mainly limnic to brackish in origin, while the palaeoenvironment of the Transitional Sands was marginal marine. Tendaguru zählt zu den bedeutendsten Dinosaurier-Lagerstätten Afrikas. Aus den Tendaguru-Schichten sind zahlreiche Skelettreste von Sauropoden (Brachiosaurus, Barosaurus, Dicraeosaurus, Janenschia, Theropoden (z.B. Elaphrosaurus

  1. Using Inksurvey with Pen-enabled Mobile Devices for Real-time Formative Assessment I: Applications in Diverse Educational Enviroments

    CERN Document Server

    Kowalski, F V; Gutierrez, J V; Palou, E; Greivel, G; Ruskell, T; Gardner, T Q; Kowalski, S E

    2013-01-01

    InkSurvey is free, web-based software designed to facilitate the collection of real-time formative assessment. Using this tool, the instructor can embed formative assessment in the instruction process by posing an open-format question. Students equipped with pen-enabled mobile devices (tablet PCs, iPads, Android devices including some smartphones) are then actively engaged in their learning as they use digital ink to draw, sketch, or graph their responses. When the instructor receives these responses instantaneously, it provides insights into student thinking and what the students do and do not know. Subsequent instruction can then repair and refine student understanding in a very timely manner. Although this pedagogical tool is appealing because of its broad theoretical foundations, the cost of pen-enabled mobile technology was until recently a significant barrier to widely implementing this teaching model. However, less expensive tablets, iPads, and Android devices are now filling the market (and student ba...

  2. Pattern Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyle, Rebecca

    2006-03-01

    From the stripes of a zebra and the spots on a leopard's back to the ripples on a sandy beach or desert dune, regular patterns arise everywhere in nature. The appearance and evolution of these phenomena has been a focus of recent research activity across several disciplines. This book provides an introduction to the range of mathematical theory and methods used to analyse and explain these often intricate and beautiful patterns. Bringing together several different approaches, from group theoretic methods to envelope equations and theory of patterns in large-aspect ratio-systems, the book also provides insight behind the selection of one pattern over another. Suitable as an upper-undergraduate textbook for mathematics students or as a fascinating, engaging, and fully illustrated resource for readers in physics and biology, Rebecca Hoyle's book, using a non-partisan approach, unifies a range of techniques used by active researchers in this growing field. Accessible description of the mathematical theory behind fascinating pattern formation in areas such as biology, physics and materials science Collects recent research for the first time in an upper level textbook Features a number of exercises - with solutions online - and worked examples

  3. 中西传记诗学的理论建构与实践探索——析王成军《中西传记诗学研究》%China's and the Western Biographical Poetics:Theoretical Construction and Practical Exploration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建光

    2012-01-01

    Professor Wang Chengjun's A Study of China's and the Western Biographical Poetics fills the gap of the domestic biographical theory study,that is,it focuses on the construction of China's and the Western biographical poetics and raises many unique ideas,like factual justice,candor narration,contractual ethics,etc.In the part of text interpretation,it analyzes many texts and raises many ideas.Undoubtedly,the works offers us enlightenment and guidance whether broadly or intensively.%王成军的专著《中西传记诗学研究》一书填补了国内传记文学理论研究的一个空白,即它对中西传记诗学构建方面的诸多理论问题进行了深入的探讨,并提出了独到的观点和理论视域。专著在理论编中开创性地提出了传记文学的叙事伦理特征,即事实正义论、"坦白"叙事和叙事契约论等观点。在文本阐释编中,他对中西不同传记作品进行阐释、比较,提出了不少真知灼见。可以说,该专著无论是深度,还是广度都有着很好的启迪和示范作用。

  4. The annual mean sketches and climatological variability of the volume and heat transports through the inter-basin passages:A study based on 1 400-year spin up of MOM4p1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yaohua; WEI Zexun; WANG Yonggang; GUAN Yuping; WANG Xinyi

    2014-01-01

    The annual mean volume and heat transport sketches through the inter-basin passages and transoceanic sections have been constructed based on 1 400-year spin up results of the MOM4p1. The spin up starts from a state of rest, driven by the monthly climatological mean force from the NOAA World Ocean Atlas (1994). The volume transport sketch reveals the northward transport throughout the Pacific and southward trans-port at all latitudes in the Atlantic. The annual mean strength of the Pacific-Arctic-Atlantic through flow is 0.63×106 m3/s in the Bering Strait. The majority of the northward volume transport in the southern Pacific turns into the Indonesian through flow (ITF) and joins the Indian Ocean equatorial current, which subse-quently flows out southward from the Mozambique Channel, with its majority superimposed on the Ant-arctic Circumpolar Current (ACC). This anti-cyclonic circulation around Australia has a strength of 11×106 m3/s according to the model-produced result. The atmospheric fresh water transport, known as P-E+R (pre-cipitation minus evaporation plus runoff ), constructs a complement to the horizontal volume transport of the ocean. The annual mean heat transport sketch exhibits a northward heat transport in the Atlantic and poleward heat transport in the global ocean. The surface heat flux acts as a complement to the horizontal heat transport of the ocean. The climatological volume transports describe the most important features through the inter-basin passages and in the associated basins, including:the positive P-E+R in the Arctic substantially strengthening the East Greenland Current in summer;semiannual variability of the volume transport in the Drake Passage and the southern Atlantic-Indian Ocean passage;and annual transport vari-ability of the ITF intensifying in the boreal summer. The climatological heat transports show heat storage in July and heat deficit in January in the Arctic;heat storage in January and heat deficit in July in the

  5. Exploration on Cultivation of Students' Creative Thinking in Design Sketch Teaching%设计素描教学中培养学生创意思维的实践探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽舞

    2011-01-01

    Design Sketch teaching is a basic course for design, to train students' capabilities of shape space and imaginary space, also train students how to observe, understand, and show images, open ideas, develop creative thinking ability, and ultimately achieve the thinking and skills of creative performance of new forms of design.%设计素描的教学是为设计服务的基础课,是培养学生形态空间及想象空间能力,也是训练学生怎样观察、认识、理解、表现物象,打开思路,培养创造性思维能力,最终达到创造性表现新形态的设计能力的思维、技能.

  6. A Biographical Approach to Chinese Political Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-10-01

    Ninghsia, 19 = Peking, 20 = Shanghai, 21 = Shansi, 22 Shantung, 23 = Shensi, 24 = Sinkiang , 25 = Szechwan, 26 Tibet, 27 = Tientsin, 28 = Tsinghai...region affiliation by generation 1 Sinkiang , 2 = Kunming, 3 = Nanking, 4 = Canton, 5 =Peking, 6 = Ch’engtu, 7 = Fuchou, 8 = Lanchou, 9 = Shenyang, 10...24 = Sinkiang , 25 Szechwan, 26 = Tibet, 27 = Tientsin, 28 = Tsinghai, 29 Yunnan 30 Center MR, 31 = Sinkiang MR (including 24), 32 = Kunming MR

  7. Response Latency Measures for Biographical Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    University of New Mexico San Diego, CA 9r-.6800 Dr. Grant Henning AlbuqAuerque, N.M 87131 Senior Research Scietis Dr. Alfred R. Frecv Divsion of...Education P.O. BOX 168 Suite 440 Universty of Califoirnia Iowa City. IA 52243 St. Pal, MN 55114 Berkeley, CA 94720 Dr. Martha Stocking Dr. Frank L Vino , Dr

  8. Exploring Biographical Learning in Elite Soccer Coaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    2014-01-01

    Qualified and skilled sport coaches are vital to the development of sport in general and of elite sport in particular. Research suggests that the development of coaching expertise in elite sport is a complex matter involving mediated, unmediated and internal learning situations. However, it is less clear to what extent and in which ways these…

  9. 藏传佛教传记文学《至尊宗喀巴大师传》研究--以两种汉译本为视角%Study on Biographical Literature of Tibetan Buddhism-The Supreme Tsongkhapa:From the Perspective of Its Two Chinese Versions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱萍; 杨学义

    2015-01-01

    In the mid-Qing Dynasty,Zhou Jiaxiang’s The Supreme Tsongkhapa is the representative works of Ti-betan Buddhism of biographical literature,which is a comprehensive record of the master Tsongkhapa’s legendary life.This paper explores the origin and characteristics of the two current common Chinese versions translated by Guo Heqing and Fa Zun Master.It is concluded that as a representative of Tibetan Buddhism of biographical litera-ture,The Supreme Tsongkhapa deserves sufficient attention in academic circles.%清中期周加巷所著《至尊宗喀巴大师传》是藏传佛教传记文学的代表作品,全面记录了宗喀巴大师的传奇一生。梳理了目前常见的有两种汉译本———郭和卿的全译本和法尊法师的摘译本的渊源与特色。认为《至尊宗喀巴大师传》作为藏传佛教传记文学的典范代表,应该受到学术界的足够重视。

  10. Masters and Paragons. Learning, Power and the Formation of a European Academic Culture c. 900-1230

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Münster-Swendsen, Mia

    -of-letters within a larger social and especially political frame, as authors of an ideology which came to have profound effects on social reality.  Concurrently, it draws a sketch of the development of the centres of learning from a transnational perspective. The second section analyses social relationships......  This dissertation investigates the formative stages in the creation of a European res publica litterarum in the tenth- to early thirteenth centuries. The history of the intellectual world of medieval Europe is also the social history of the rise of a privileged elite who did not legitimise its...... a central formative force in (re)creating early- and high-medieval society. The study consists of three individual, yet interconnected sections, involving three perspectives through which we may assess the cultural history of medieval education in this period. The first section inscribes the medieval men...

  11. Using Inksurvey with Pen-enabled Movile Devices for Real-time Formative Assessment II: Indications of Effectiveness in Diverse Educational Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Kowalski, F V; Gutierrez, J V; Palou, E; Greivel, G; Ruskell, T; Gardner, T Q; Kowalski, S E

    2013-01-01

    InkSurvey is free, web-based software designed to facilitate the collection of real-time formative assessment. Using this tool, the instructor can embed formative assessment in the instruction process by posing an open-format question. Students equipped with pen-enabled mobile devices are then actively engaged in their learning as they use digital ink to draw, sketch, or graph their responses. When the instructor receives these responses instantaneously, it provides insights into student thinking and what the students do and do not know. Subsequent instruction can then repair and refine student understanding in a very timely manner. In a companion paper, we illustrate the wide applicability of this use of technology by reporting a series of seven vignettes featuring instructors of diverse subjects (physics, mathematics, chemical engineering, food science, and biology), with students using diverse pen-enabled mobile devices (tablet PCs, iPads, and Android 4.0 tablets/smartphones), in diverse educational enviro...

  12. Croquages de langue en formation d’enseignants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annemarie Dinvaut

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Le sensoriel et l’expression plastique sont-ils des outils de formation pertinents pour aller à la rencontre de l’altérité et de la diversité linguistique et culturelle ? Nous nous proposons de répondre à cette question en analysant des productions d’étudiants : ceux-ci rendent compte de leur fréquentation d’une langue par une création plastique qui privilégie les aspects sensoriels de cette expérience. Ce double processus les amène à une réflexion métalinguistique et à une posture d’accueil du plurilinguisme. We sketch our languages and develop teaching skills Abstract: Are sensorial and plastic activities appropriate tools to develop language awareness and intercultural skills, in a college of education? To answer this question, we ask students to express their sensorial and affective experience of a language they choose: scrutinizing their productions enables us to see the impact of this activity, regarding their metalinguistic reflection and their receptiveness to linguistic and cultural plurality.

  13. Common File Formats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Lauren

    2014-03-21

    An overview of the many file formats commonly used in bioinformatics and genome sequence analysis is presented, including various data file formats, alignment file formats, and annotation file formats. Example workflows illustrate how some of the different file types are typically used.

  14. 写生与中国画本体语言建构——尚辉访谈%On the Construction of Ontology Language of Sketch and Chinese Painting-An Interview with Shang Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朝霞

    2011-01-01

    As Chinese paintings of the 20th century have been influenced by western realistic paintings, the issue of sketching or painting from life has aroused great attention. This interview, while dealing with current Chinese paintings and sketches' emphasis on presenting authentic mountains and rivers, also touches upon the dilemma confronting current Chinese paintings--the lack of tradition and the lack of refining and sublimation in traditional brushes and inks. Chinese painting sketches should not only represent the authentic realities, but also turn these authentic experiences into expressions of inner feelings and emotions. The development of Chinese paintings should attend to both reality and traditional techniques. With the rapid development of economy, capital injection into art is also increasing, and capital is exerting a powerful influence on the development of art. The second issue of this interview mainly discusses the relationship between art market and artistic value and the influence of capital on artistic creation.%20世纪的中国画,由于受西方写实绘画的影响,写生的问题受到前所未有的重视。本访谈主要述及目前的中国画写生在强调对真山真水感受的同时,面临着缺少传统、缺少用传统的笔墨去提炼和升华写生的困境。中国画写生发展应在对真山真水的体验过程中,把体验转发为内心情感的表达,而不是现场真实性的再现,“一手伸向传统,一手伸向生活”,写实和传统技法要二者兼顾。由于经济的快速发展,资本对艺术的注入越来越多,资本的力量强劲地左右着艺术的发展,本访谈第二个问题主要阐述艺术市场与艺术价值的关系以及资本对艺术创作的影响。

  15. The Format Registry Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary McGath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available File format identification is an important issue in digital preservation. Several noteworthy attempts, including PRONOM, GDFR, and UDFR, have been made at creating a comprehensive repository of format information. The sheer amount of information to cover and the constant introduction of new formats and format versions has limited their success. Alternative approaches, such as Linked Data and offering limited per-format information with identifiers that can be used elsewhere, may lead to greater success.

  16. Formate Formation and Formate Conversion in Biological Fuels Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryan R. Crable

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Biomethanation is a mature technology for fuel production. Fourth generation biofuels research will focus on sequestering CO2 and providing carbon-neutral or carbon-negative strategies to cope with dwindling fossil fuel supplies and environmental impact. Formate is an important intermediate in the methanogenic breakdown of complex organic material and serves as an important precursor for biological fuels production in the form of methane, hydrogen, and potentially methanol. Formate is produced by either CoA-dependent cleavage of pyruvate or enzymatic reduction of CO2 in an NADH- or ferredoxin-dependent manner. Formate is consumed through oxidation to CO2 and H2 or can be further reduced via the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway for carbon fixation or industrially for the production of methanol. Here, we review the enzymes involved in the interconversion of formate and discuss potential applications for biofuels production.

  17. 从《一个政治性人物的肖像》看茨威格传记文学的人性化书写%On the Humanitarian Writing of Zweig's Biographical Literature through the Story of A Portrait of a Politician

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静

    2011-01-01

    茨威格是历经了两次世界大战的作家,他反对战争,提倡人道主义,他的人性化书写贯穿于他的创作之中。《一个政治性人物的肖像》以18世纪中期的权术家富歇为传主,与历史上多数的否定评价不同,作者对这位传主倾注了人道主义的关怀。文章从茨威格人性化书写的角度,即人性的三个层次:激情、理性、意志对传主进行研究,,并探索其人性化书写与个人思想之间的联系。%Zweig was a writer who experienced the World War ⅠⅡ.He fought against wars and promoted humanism.His works were full of human-based nature.The biographer of A portrait of a politician is Fuxie,an agamemnon who lived in the mid-18th century.Different from the most negative evaluations in the history,Zweig showed his human-based concern for this biographer.From the angle of Zweig's humanitarian writing,namely,the three levels of human nature: passion,rationality and determination,this paper gives a study of this story by Zweig.Meanwhile,it probes into the relationship between his humanitarian writing and his personal thought.

  18. Simple Ontology Format (SOFT)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    Simple Ontology Format (SOFT) library and file format specification provides a set of simple tools for developing and maintaining ontologies. The library, implemented as a perl module, supports parsing and verification of the files in SOFt format, operations with ontologies (adding, removing, or filtering of entities), and converting of ontologies into other formats. SOFT allows users to quickly create ontologies using only a basic text editor, verify it, and portray it in a graph layout system using customized styles.

  19. CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF STAGED FORMATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL CREATIVE METHOD OF AN ARCHITECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolstet O. A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the development of a model of gradual formation of individual creative method of an architect in the propaedeutic level since preuniversity stage (with the involvement of distance training and its continuity of the first courses of architectural disciplines in high school in terms of the Rostov school of architecture. There have been examined some studies by Nechaev N.N. and Sulimenko S.D. at the architectural department of the Far Eastern Technical University, that have revealed a non-linear nature of the formation of spatial thinking and the need to develop a systematic approach in the propaedeutic phase of training. These studies formed the basis of a new conceptual model. A list of the input competence requirements for applicants entering architectural universities to ensure the quality of training at university propaedeutic phase is done. Methodological feature of the Rostov school of architecture, which is both a synthesis of problems in the field of threedimensional composition and design problems is revealed, as well as a combination of methods of modeling and manual architectural drawing with computer graphics (SketchUp, CorelDraw, Photoshop, AutoCad. The schemes of a number of separate stages of the formation of individual creative method of the architect, as well as the general scheme of the whole conceptual model is given

  20. Star Formation for Predictive Primordial Galaxy Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milosavljević, Miloš; Safranek-Shrader, Chalence

    The elegance of inflationary cosmology and cosmological perturbation theory ends with the formation of the first stars and galaxies, the initial sources of light that launched the phenomenologically rich process of cosmic reionization. Here we review the current understanding of early star formation, emphasizing unsolved problems and technical challenges. We begin with the first generation of stars to form after the Big Bang and trace how they influenced subsequent star formation. The onset of chemical enrichment coincided with a sharp increase in the overall physical complexity of star forming systems. Ab-initio computational treatments are just now entering the domain of the predictive and are establishing contact with local observations of the relics of this ancient epoch.

  1. 北宋初期笔记小说中的五代十国君臣形象%Images of monarchs and officials in Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms in the literary sketches of the early Northern Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗昌繁

    2012-01-01

    现存北宋初期笔记小说中有关五代十国君臣形象的记载较多,其中君王形象可以大致分为雄勇谋略型、节俭勤政型、骄奢淫逸型、风流才子型;官吏形象可以大致分为风流放旷型、质直多才型、韬光避世型、英勇善战型。君臣关系也可以大致分为君明臣贤和睦型、君臣享乐和谐型、君疑臣忌紧张型。这些德行性格或同或异的君臣形象是兵燹频生而又浮华精彩的五代十国时期的一道特殊风景。%The extent literary sketches of the early Northern Song Dynasty recorded lots about images of monarchs and officials in Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms. Among them, monarch images could be classified into four groups, namely ambitious, diligent, extravagant and romantic; while official image four groups, namely uninhibited, upright, reclusive and heroic; and the relationship between monarch and officials approximately into three groups, namely wise and harmonious, pleasure seeking and harmonious, and suspicious and strained. All these images with sameness or differences became the unique picture of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms with frequent wars.

  2. Elimination of Redwater Formation from TNT Manufacture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-21

    particular problems regarding reactor configuration (e.g. fixed vs. fluidized bed ) and catalyst renewal. Also, certain of these catalysts have been...utilizing the advantages of these systems to best effect would require three discrete reactors - a heterogeneous (fixed/ fluidized bed ) reactor to introduce...below (see Table 1). Sketch No: Issue Drawn by: Date: A W Arber 02/09/04 A Title: Continuous Nitration Rig FST/FFA/AWA/062COOLER CIRCULATOR 1 HEAT

  3. The Conic Benchmark Format

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friberg, Henrik A.

    This document constitutes the technical reference manual of the Conic Benchmark Format with le extension: .cbf or .CBF. It unies linear, second-order cone (also known as conic quadratic) and semidenite optimization with mixed-integer variables. The format has been designed with benchmark libraries...... in mind, and therefore focuses on compact and easily parsable representations. The problem structure is separated from the problem data, and the format moreover facilitate benchmarking of hotstart capability through sequences of changes....

  4. Formation of multiple networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnani, Matteo; Rossi, Luca

    2013-01-01

    we introduce the first network formation model for multiple networks. Network formation models are among the most popular tools in traditional network studies, because of both their practical and theoretical impact. However, existing models are not sufficient to describe the generation of multiple...

  5. Formative Assessment in Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oxenford-O'Brian, Julie

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation responds to critical gaps in current research on formative assessment practice which could limit successful implementation of this practice within the K-12 classroom context. The study applies a socio cultural perspective of learning to interpret a cross-case analysis of formative assessment practice occurring during one…

  6. Galaxy Formation Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Benson, Andrew J

    2010-01-01

    We review the current theory of how galaxies form within the cosmological framework provided by the cold dark matter paradigm for structure formation. Beginning with the pre-galactic evolution of baryonic material we describe the analytical and numerical understanding of how baryons condense into galaxies, what determines the structure of those galaxies and how internal and external processes (including star formation, merging, active galactic nuclei etc.) determine their gross properties and evolution. Throughout, we highlight successes and failings of current galaxy formation theory. We include a review of computational implementations of galaxy formation theory and assess their ability to provide reliable modeling of this complex phenomenon. We finish with a discussion of several "hot topics" in contemporary galaxy formation theory and assess future directions for this field.

  7. Usage Record Format Recommendation

    CERN Document Server

    Nilsen, J.K.; Muller-Pfeerkorn, R

    2013-01-01

    For resources to be shared, sites must be able to exchange basic accounting and usage data in a common format. This document describes a common format which enables the exchange of basic accounting and usage data from different resources. This record format is intended to facilitate the sharing of usage information, particularly in the area of the accounting of jobs, computing, memory, storage and cloud usage but with a structure that allows an easy extension to other resources. This document describes the Usage Record components both in natural language form and annotated XML. This document does not address how these records should be used, nor does it attempt to dictate the format in which the accounting records are stored. Instead, it denes a common exchange format. Furthermore, nothing is said regarding the communication mechanisms employed to exchange the records, i.e. transport layer, framing, authentication, integrity, etc.

  8. On Knowledge of Learning. A Phenomenological Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Käte Meyer-Drawe

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available He word “learning” has the endless meanings. The learning occurs not only from knowledge but also as knowledge. Learning in this sense depends not only on our initiative. We cannot just resolve to learn. The whole reliable order can reach deadlock.. The old reliable knowledge and ability mismatchwhile we do not yet have any new possibility. Learning in this sense means a kind of “awakening”, in statu nascendi as the response to a challenge. Thus the condition of learning is sensitiveness to the other or to something, while it is possible via agreement that is not always disposed to us because of our peculiar attitudes. We always think more than we can express. Inevitably, we can do more than we anticipate. Only after the other takes this surplus the knowledge and the ability correspond to reality before they are realized. In learning we are met by another, to which we answer as to something.. This Something is always outstripping the meanings and aspirations. That is why this learning in true sense begins not in us. The destiny of every experience concerning us depends on this, while we cannot anticipate it exactly. Thus, the sense of in statu nascendi corresponds to the saying modo praeterito. 

  9. A System for Sketching in Hardware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overholt, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    A system for Do-It-Yourself (DIY) interface designs focused on sound and music computing has been developed. The system is based on the Create USB Interface (CUI), which is an open source microcontroller prototyping board together with the GROVE system of interchangeable transducers. Together...... includes a growing collection of open source sensors and actuators that utilize simple 4-wire cables to connect to the CUI32Stem. The CUI32Stem itself utilizes a high-performance Microchip® PIC32 microcontroller, allowing a wide range of programmable interactions. The development of this system and its use...

  10. Cybernetic brain sketches of another future

    CERN Document Server

    Pickering, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Cybernetics is often thought of as a grim military or industrial science of control. But as Andrew Pickering reveals in this beguiling book, a much more lively and experimental strain of cybernetics can be traced from the 1940s to the present.The Cybernetic Brain explores a largely forgotten group of British thinkers, including Grey Walter, Ross Ashby, Gregory Bateson, R. D. Laing, Stafford Beer, and Gordon Pask, and their singular work in a dazzling array of fields. Psychiatry, engineering, management, politics, music, architecture, education, tantric yoga, the Beats, and the sixties counterc

  11. [On Academics and Academicians. Historical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Micheli-Serra, Alfredo

    2003-01-01

    First Academies originated in Italy at the beginnings of the Renaissance. Their works were of encyclopedic extent. Regarding to scientific academies, the first was the "Accademia dei Lincei" founded in Rome on August 17, 1603, due to the initiative of four young men; three naturalists and a physician. Later, several distiguished scientists were admitted, such as Giambattista della Porta, inventor of the dark chamber (1610) and Galileo Galilei (1611). This Academy sponsored the publication of a compendium of Francisco Hernández manuscripts, prepared by the Italian physician Antonio Nardo Recchi. Many years later, other scientific academies arose, such as the "Accademia del Cimento", established in 1657 in Florence and inspired by Galilean thought. In 1662, the "Royal Society" of London, was formally recognized, following Bacon's empirical line, and in 1666 the "Académie Royale des Sciences" was created in Paris, which followed the mechanicist orientation of Descartes. These scientific societies aspired to become centers of information and exchange ideas. Therefore, the "Philosophical Transactions" in London and the "Journal des Savants" in Paris began to be published in 1665. Both publications often included medical articles and notes. Regarding New Spain, the worthy "Academia médico-quirúrgica" of Puebla, mentioned since 1802, must be considered. In independent Mexico, two successive medical academies were established that paved the way for our National Academy of Medicine (1864). This society, since its birth, has been publishing the "Gaceta Médica de México", dean of the Mexican medical journals.

  12. Colored-sketch of Text Information

    OpenAIRE

    Beomjin Kim; Philip Johnson; Adam S. Huarng

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents an information visualization method, which transforms text into abstracted visual representations. The proposed color-coding algorithm converts text into a sequence of colored icons that inform users about the distributional patterns of given queries, as well as the structural overview of a document simultaneously. By presenting the compact, but instructive visual abstraction of texts concurrently, users can compare multiple documents intuitively while alleviating the need...

  13. Colored-sketch of Text Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beomjin Kim

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an information visualization method, which transforms text into abstracted visual representations. The proposed color-coding algorithm converts text into a sequence of colored icons that inform users about the distributional patterns of given queries, as well as the structural overview of a document simultaneously. By presenting the compact, but instructive visual abstraction of texts concurrently, users can compare multiple documents intuitively while alleviating the need to reference the underlying text. The system provides interactive navigation tools to support users' decision-making processes - including multi-level viewing, a tree hierarchy recording previous search activities, and suggestive words for refinement of the search scope. An experimental study evaluating this visual approach for delivering search results has been conducted on text corpora in comparison with a traditional information retrieval system. By informing search results to clientele in a perceptive form, the users' performance in obtaining desired information has been improved, while maintaining the accuracy.

  14. Hidden sketches by Leonardo da Vinci revealed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumé, Belle

    2009-02-01

    Three drawings on the back of Leonardo da Vinci's The Virgin and Child with St Anne (circa 1508) have been discovered by researchers led by Michel Menu from the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF) and the Louvre Museum in Paris.

  15. Sketching a Context for Instructional Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lone, Richard H.

    Instructional technology has dramatized the need for a complete overhaul of educational systems; tacking on "innovations" will not do. The grip of dead tradition on education must be pried loose. Process, rather than content, should be stressed in learning. The challenge for instructional technology, as for education in general, is to devise an…

  16. The Implicit Constraints of the Primal Sketch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    theory of edge detection was based on the requirement of detecting changes in the image corresponding to changes...irradiances and there will be a corresponding zcro-crossing in the convolved image. T’his is again expected from the Marr-Ilildreth theory of edge detection : a...directional second-order differential operator with the image, (v • 7) * E. We have already seen that the Marr-Ilildreth theory of edge detection is based

  17. Comics and Scholarship: Sketching the Possibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahl, Erin Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    Thus far, attention to comics in academia has been focused "on" comics as a subject of literary (Chute; Gardner; Hatfield), theoretical (Cohn; Groensteen, "The System of Comics" and "Comics and Narration"; Postema), or pedagogical studies (Bakis; Carter; Jacobs). There has been less emphasis on scholarly composing…

  18. 'Indianization' of Indonesia in an Historical Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufiq Rahman

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This Article gives some remarks on the history of Indianization in Indonesian archipelago in me remote history. The illustration includes bow this process of Indian influences grew and developed, both in the palaces and the societies. Given this remark the writer comes to the projection on how natural this process was. By reflecting the past the writer is sure that the plurality of religions and cultures in Indonesia is a kind of destiny to be faced peacefully in order to keep the harmony in the nation's social life.

  19. When efficient star formation drives cluster formation

    CERN Document Server

    Parmentier, G

    2008-01-01

    We investigate the impact of the star formation efficiency in cluster forming cores on the evolution of the mass in star clusters over the age range 1-100Myr, when star clusters undergo their infant weight-loss/mortality phase. Assuming a constant formation rate of gas-embedded clusters and a weak tidal field, we show that the ratio between the total mass in stars bound to the clusters over that age range and the total mass in stars initially formed in gas-embedded clusters is a strongly increasing function of the averaged local SFE, with little influence from any assumed core mass-radius relation. Our results suggest that, for young starbursts with estimated tidal field strength and known recent star formation history, observed cluster-to-star mass ratios, once corrected for the undetected clusters, constitute promising probes of the local SFE, without the need of resorting to gas mass estimates. Similarly, the mass ratio of stars which remain in bound clusters at the end of the infant mortality/weight-loss ...

  20. Molecular Gas and Star Formation in Local Early-Type Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Bureau, M; Alatalo, K; Crocker, A F; Blitz, L; Young, L M; Combes, F; Bois, M; Bournaud, F; Cappellari, M; Davies, R L; de Zeeuw, P T; Duc, P -A; Emsellem, E; Khochfar, S; Krajnovic, D; Kuntschner, H; Lablanche, P -Y; McDermid, R M; Morganti, R; Naab, T; Oosterloo, T; Sarzi, M; Scott, N; Serra, P; Weijmans, A

    2011-01-01

    The molecular gas content of local early-type galaxies is constrained and discussed in relation to their evolution. First, as part of the Atlas3D survey, we present the first complete, large (260 objects), volume-limited single-dish survey of CO in normal local early-type galaxies. We find a surprisingly high detection rate of 22%, independent of luminosity and at best weakly dependent on environment. Second, the extent of the molecular gas is constrained with CO synthesis imaging, and a variety of morphologies is revealed. The kinematics of the molecular gas and stars are often misaligned, implying an external gas origin in over a third of the systems, although this behaviour is drastically diffferent between field and cluster environments. Third, many objects appear to be in the process of forming regular kpc-size decoupled disks, and a star formation sequence can be sketched by piecing together multi-wavelength information on the molecular gas, current star formation, and young stars. Last, early-type gala...

  1. Challenges in Planet Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Morbidelli, Alessandro

    2016-01-01

    Over the past two decades, large strides have been made in the field of planet formation. Yet fundamental questions remain. Here we review our state of understanding of five fundamental bottlenecks in planet formation. These are: 1) the structure and evolution of protoplanetary disks; 2) the growth of the first planetesimals; 3) orbital migration driven by interactions between proto-planets and gaseous disk; 4) the origin of the Solar System's orbital architecture; and 5) the relationship between observed super-Earths and our own terrestrial planets. Given our lack of understanding of these issues, even the most successful formation models remain on shaky ground.

  2. Manuel UNIMARC format bibliographique

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    This manual is the French translation of the second edition of UNIMARC Manual: bibliographic format published in English in 1994 and completed by 5 updates published from 1996 to 2005. This 5th French edition is composite. It reproduces identically a part of the 4th edition published in 2002 and, for the fields of the format modified in the Update 5, it offers a new more structured presentation. This is a handbook dedicated to French-speaking users of the UNIMARC format for bibliographic descriptions.

  3. Methemoglobin formation by paraquat.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watanabe,Shinsaku

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available Paraquat is a broad spectrum herbicide known to be highly lethal to man and animals. Its toxicity is characterized by acute lung injury. Paraquat produces such toxic effects through the generation of the superoxide anion according to one proposed mechanism. The present experiment, methemoglobin formation was demonstrated after incubation of oxyhemoglobin with paraquat. The generation of the superoxide anion through the interaction of oxyhemoglobin with paraquat was suggested by chemiluminescence of luminol. Superoxide dismutase (SOD and catalare inhibited methemoglobin formation. The generation of the superoxide anion is discussed in regard to methemoglobin formation by paraquat.

  4. Pictorial Formats. Volume 1. Format Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    the pilot to help him evaluate when to change course to avoid objects in TF/TA modes. In addition to the projected flight path, there are commanded...TYPESFigMASTER5 Wepo Saus clr ase 00I 16I AI 󈧋TRA- X PI prI MEN p~ll It 62 AIR-TO-GROUND _ - PRGRAM ýRELEASE SELECTIONS _ZY - Figure 58 71T ý Weapon...development should always be done within the context oF a baseline aircraft weapon system. Further studies are needed to simulate and evaluate these formats

  5. 读陈蒲清《陶澍传》--兼谈陶澍传记研究及其发展与展望%About The Biography of Tao Shu by Chen Poqing: On the Biographical Research, Development and Prospects of Tao Shu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶用舒

    2012-01-01

      The Biography of Tao Shu written by Chen Poqhing is a new biography of Tao Shu, accurate assessment of the Tao Shu’s historical position, with distinct characteristics. the founder of Tao Shu biography is Wei Yuan. Quiet after a century and a half, the last two decades of the twentieth century, has generated the "Tao Shu, in the south," Tao Shu, A Critical Biography "," Tao Shu and Ka Road Statecraft Thought "book. Tao Shu, the publication of the Collected Works in 2010, created favorable conditions for carrying out the biographical study of the Tao Shu.%  陈蒲清的《陶澍传》是陶澍传记研究中出现的一部新作,它准确地评价了陶澍的历史地位,具有鲜明的特色.陶澍传记研究的奠基人是魏源.在沉静了一个半世纪之后,20世纪的最后20年,先后产生了《陶澍在江南》、《陶澍评传》、《陶澍与嘉道经世思想研究》等著作.2010年《陶澍全集》的出版,为开展陶澍传记研究创造了有利的条件

  6. Uso del programa SketchUp para facilitar la comprensión del sistema de representación proyectual en la materia de Educación Plástica y Visual de 1º de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria.

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández-Rivero, Leticia

    2014-01-01

    Es un hecho probado que la comprensión de los sistemas de representación del espacio en el plano plantea ciertas dificultades al alumnado, debidas a la necesidad de estructuración del pensamiento visual y al nivel de abstracción que estos sistemas requieren. Es necesario dotar al alumnado de herramientas que le faciliten la tarea de comprender y aplicar este lenguaje. Por ello, el objetivo principal de este trabajo es el análisis del uso didáctico del programa SketchUp, para introducir al alu...

  7. Notes on Star Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Krumholz, Mark R

    2015-01-01

    This book provides an introduction to the field of star formation at a level suitable for graduate students or advanced undergraduates in astronomy or physics. The structure of the book is as follows. The first two chapters begin with a discussion of observational techniques, and the basic phenomenology they reveal. The goal is to familiarize students with the basic techniques that will be used throughout, and to provide a common vocabulary for the rest of the book. The next five chapters provide a similar review of the basic physical processes that are important for star formation. Again, the goal is to provide a basis for what follows. The remaining chapters discuss star formation over a variety of scales, starting with the galactic scale and working down to the scales of individual stars and their disks. The book concludes with a brief discussion of the clearing of disks and the transition to planet formation. The book includes five problem sets, complete with solutions.

  8. Collision Induced Galaxy Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Balland, C; Schäffer, R

    1997-01-01

    We present a semi-analytical model in which galaxy collisions and strong tidal interactions, both in the field and during the collapse phase of groups and clusters help determine galaxy morphology. From a semi-analytical analysis based on simulation results of tidal collisions (Aguilar & White 1985), we propose simple rules for energy exchanges during collisions that allow to discriminate between different Hubble types: efficient collisions result in the disruption of disks and substantial star formation, leading to the formation of elliptical galaxies; inefficient collisions allow a large gas reservoir to survive and form disks. Assuming that galaxy formation proceeds in a Omega_0=1 Cold Dark Matter universe, the model both reproduces a number of observations and makes predictions, among which are the redshifts of formation of the different Hubble types in the field. When the model is normalized to the present day abundance of X-ray clusters, the amount of energy exchange needed to produce elliptical gal...

  9. Densities and Kinematic Viscosities for the Systems Benzene + Methyl Formate, Benzene + Ethyl Formate, Benzene + Propyl Formate, and Benzene + Butyl Formate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmerling, Uwe; Rasmussen, Peter

    1998-01-01

    Densities and kinematic viscosities have been measured for the system benzene + methyl formate at 20°C and for the systems benzene + ethyl formate, benzene + propyl formate, and benzene + butyl formate from 20°C to 50°C. The results for the system benzene + methyl formate have been correlated usi...

  10. Conceptual foundations of qualitative life course research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter R. Heinz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing biographies is a main field of qualitative social research that studies individuals’ sensemaking in regard to transitions and life projects. The paper presents concepts for linking the macrosocial and micro-social levels in life course analysis. First, the concept of “status passage” is reviewed, with a focus on social structure, institutions, and biography. Second, the concept of “selfsocialization” is introduced, highlighting the notion of the “biographical actor”. Third, recent elaborations of the concept of “agency” in life course research are discussed. Fourth, two examples of qualitative longitudinal research are presented: one on occupational careers, another on the process of family formation. Finally, methodological implications are sketched.

  11. Formation peculiarities of tourism documentation

    OpenAIRE

    Zhezhnych, Pavlo; Soprunyuk, Oksana

    2013-01-01

    The article describes formation peculiarities of tourism documentation, the role of tourism data consolidation for unified format creation and the the need to use existing software tools to handle tourism information, formation process of tourism documentation is presented.

  12. Solar System formation

    CERN Document Server

    Crida, A

    2009-01-01

    In this review, three major changes in our understanding of the early history of the Solar System are presented. 1) Early differentiation: A few recent results support the idea that protoplanet formation and differentiation occurred partly simultaneously than CAI formation. First, some iron meteorites, eucrites, and angrites older than the chondrules or even than the CAI have been found. Second, iron meteorites could be debris of early disrupted differentiated planetesimals, scattered from the terrestrial planet region to the Main Belt. Finally, chondrules contain fragments of planetesimal material. 2) Earth and Moon: An equilibration mechanism explains the identical Oxygen isotopic composition of the Earth and the Moon. In addition, it has been shown that the Earth and the Moon mantles have the same 182^W anomaly, in contrast to what was believed before. Consequently, the Moon forming impact should have occurred after the extinction of the 182Hf radioactivity, about 60 Myr after Solar System formation. This ...

  13. Primordial Planet Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Schild, Rudolph E

    2010-01-01

    Recent spacecraft observations exploring solar system properties impact standard paradigms of the formation of stars, planets and comets. We stress the unexpected cloud of microscopic dust resulting from the DEEP IMPACT mission, and the existence of molten nodules in STARDUST samples. And the theory of star formation does not explain the common occurrence of binary and multiple star systems in the standard gas fragmentation scenario. No current theory of planet formation can explain the iron core of the earth, under oceans of water. These difficulties are avoided in a scenario where the planet mass objects form primordially and are today the baryonic dark matter. They have been detected in quasar microlensing and anomalous quasar radio brightening bursts. The primordial planets often concentrate together to form a star, with residual matter seen in pre-stellar accretion discs around the youngest stars. These primordial planet mass bodies were formed of hydrogen-helium, aggregated in dense clumps of a trillion...

  14. Meningococcal biofilm formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lappann, M.; Haagensen, Janus Anders Juul; Claus, H.

    2006-01-01

    We show that in a standardized in vitro flow system unencapsulated variants of genetically diverse lineages of Neisseria meningitidis formed biofilms, that could be maintained for more than 96 h. Biofilm cells were resistant to penicillin, but not to rifampin or ciprofloxacin. For some strains......, microcolony formation within biofilms was observed. Microcolony formation in strain MC58 depended on a functional copy of the pilE gene encoding the pilus subunit pilin, and was associated with twitching of cells. Nevertheless, unpiliated pilE mutants formed biofilms showing that attachment and accumulation......X alleles was identified among genetically diverse meningococcal strains. PilX alleles differed in their propensity to support autoaggregation of cells in suspension, but not in their ability to support microcolony formation within biofilms in the continuous flow system....

  15. Situated Formative Feedback

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lukassen, Niels Bech; Wahl, Christian; Sorensen, Elsebeth Korsgaard

    2016-01-01

    This study addresses the conceptual challenge of providing students with good quality feedback to enhance student learning in an online community of practice (COP). The aim of the study is to identify feedback mechanisms in a virtual learning environment (VLE) and to create a full formative...... feedback episode (FFE) through an online dialogue. The paper argues that dialogue is crucial for student learning and that feedback is not only something the teacher gives to the student. Viewing good quality feedback as social, situated, formative, emphasis is put on the establishment of dialogue. We...... refer to this type of feedback as, Situated Formative Feedback (SFF). As a basis for exploring, identifying and discussing relevant aspects of SFF the paper analyses qualitative data from a Moodle dialogue. Data are embedded in the qualitative analytic program Nvivo and are analysed with a system...

  16. Forces in strategy formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steensen, Elmer Fly

    2008-01-01

    This chapter proposes that organizational strategy formation should be characterized theoretically as a process that is subject to several interacting forces, rather than represented by separate discrete decisionmodels or theoretic perspectives, as is commonly done in the strategic management...... literature. Based on an extensive review of relevant theory and empirical work in strategic decision-making, organizational change theory, cognitive and social psychology, and strategy processes, seven kinds of ''forces'' - rational, imposed, teleological, learning, political, heuristic, and social...... - are identified as interacting in and having significant influence on the strategy formation process. It is further argued that by applying a holistic ''forces-view'' of the significant and interacting influences on strategy formation, we can better understand the dynamics and challenges in managing the process...

  17. Kuiper Binary Object Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Nazzario, R C; Covington, C; Kagan, D; Hyde, T W

    2005-01-01

    It has been observed that binary Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) exist contrary to theoretical expectations. Their creation presents problems to most current models. However, the inclusion of a third body (for example, one of the outer planets) may provide the conditions necessary for the formation of these objects. The presence of a third massive body not only helps to clear the primordial Kuiper Belt but can also result in long lived binary Kuiper belt objects. The gravitational interaction between the KBOs and the third body causes one of four effects; scattering into the Oort cloud, collisions with the growing protoplanets, formation of binary pairs, or creation of a single Kuiper belt object. Additionally, the initial location of the progenitors of the Kuiper belt objects also has a significant effect on binary formation.

  18. Syntactic Formats for Free

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klin, Bartek; Sobocinski, Pawel

    2003-01-01

    A framework of Plotkin and Turi’s, originally aimed at providing an abstract notion of bi-simulation, is modified to cover other operational equivalences and preorders. Combined with bi-algebraic methods, it yields a technique for the derivation of syntactic formats for transition system specific......A framework of Plotkin and Turi’s, originally aimed at providing an abstract notion of bi-simulation, is modified to cover other operational equivalences and preorders. Combined with bi-algebraic methods, it yields a technique for the derivation of syntactic formats for transition system...... specifications which guarantee operational preorders to be precongruences. The technique is applied to the trace preorder, the completed trace pre order and the failures preorder. In the latter two cases, new syntactic formats ensuring precongruence properties are introduced....

  19. Sensitivity Data File Formats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rearden, Bradley T. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-04-01

    The format of the TSUNAMI-A sensitivity data file produced by SAMS for cases with deterministic transport solutions is given in Table 6.3.A.1. The occurrence of each entry in the data file is followed by an identification of the data contained on each line of the file and the FORTRAN edit descriptor denoting the format of each line. A brief description of each line is also presented. A sample of the TSUNAMI-A data file for the Flattop-25 sample problem is provided in Figure 6.3.A.1. Here, only two profiles out of the 130 computed are shown.

  20. The formation of stars

    CERN Document Server

    Stahler, Steven W

    2008-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive treatment of star formation, one of the most active fields of modern astronomy. The reader is guided through the subject in a logically compelling manner. Starting from a general description of stars and interstellar clouds, the authors delineate the earliest phases of stellar evolution. They discuss formation activity not only in the Milky Way, but also in other galaxies, both now and in the remote past. Theory and observation are thoroughly integrated, with the aid of numerous figures and images. In summary, this volume is an invaluable resource, both as a text f

  1. Tea aroma formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Tang Ho

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Besides water, tea is one of the most popular beverages around the world. The chemical ingredients and biological activities of tea have been summarized recently. The current review summarizes tea aroma compounds and their formation in green, black, and oolong tea. The flavor of tea can be divided into two categories: taste (non-volatile compounds and aroma (volatile compounds. All of these aroma molecules are generated from carotenoids, lipids, glycosides, etc. precursors, and also from Maillard reaction. In the current review, we focus on the formation mechanism of main aromas during the tea manufacturing process.

  2. Shape formation algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This project concerns the implementation of a decentralized algorithm for shape formation. The first idea was to test this algorithm with a swarm of autonomous drones but, due to the lack of time and the complexity of the project, the work was just developed in 2D and in simulation.

  3. Isothermal Martensite Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villa, Matteo

    leading to isothermal kinetics acquired new practical relevance because of the identification of isothermal martensite formation as the most likely process responsible for enhanced performances of sub-zero Celsius treated high carbon steel products. In the present work, different iron based alloys......Isothermal (i.e. time dependent) martensite formation in steel was first observed in the 40ies of the XXth century and is still treated as an anomaly in the description of martensite formation which is considered as a-thermal (i.e. independent of time). Recently, the clarification of the mechanism...... are chosen to investigate time dependent martensite formation. Among them, a Fe-11wt%Ni-0.6wt%C model alloy and Fe-1.6wt%Cr-1wt%C (AISI 52100), Fe-17wt%Cr-7wt%Ni (AISI 631) and Fe-16wt%Cr-5wt%Ni (AISI 630) commercial steels. The investigation was performed with in situ magnetometry, dilatometry, synchrotron...

  4. PAHs and star formation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tielens, AGGM; Peeters, E; Bakes, ELO; Spoon, HWW; Hony, S; Johnstone, D; Adams, FC; Lin, DNC; Neufeld, DA; Ostriker, EC

    2004-01-01

    Strong IR emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, 8.6, and 11.2 mum are a common characteristic of regions of massive star formation. These features are carried by large (similar to 50 C-atom) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon molecules which are pumped by the strong FUV photon flux from these stars. Thes

  5. BISAC Variable Format.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Information Technology and Libraries, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Presents revision of Book Industry Systems Advisory Committee (BISAC) format designed specifically for electronic transmission of purchase orders for monograph or series titles combining fixed and variable length data fields which was approved in January 1983. Special characters, sample address descriptions, summary of fixed records, glossary, and…

  6. Reference Citation Format

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The format for citations in text and for bibliographic references follows the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association(5thEd.,2001)and GB/T 7714-2005.The citation of printed word should be ordered in number as it appears in the text of the submitted

  7. Kepler Planet Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lissauer, Jack J.

    2015-01-01

    Kepler has vastly increased our knowledge of planets and planetary systems located close to stars. The new data shows surprising results for planetary abundances, planetary spacings and the distribution of planets on a mass-radius diagram. The implications of these results for theories of planet formation will be discussed.

  8. La contribution de l’entretien biographique à l’étude de l’hétérogénéité de l’expérience étudiante et de son évolution dans le temps The Contribution of Biographical Interviews in Studying the Heterogeneity of Female Student Experience and its Evolution over Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Pilote

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, nous montrons en quoi la méthode des entretiens biographiques, lorsqu’elle est agencée au concept théorique de carrière et à l’instru­ment d’analyse qu’est la typologie interprétative, permet d’appréhender l’hété­rogénéité des expériences étudiantes ainsi que leur évolution dans le temps. Nous exposons dans un premier temps la démarche de construction d’une typologie à six types de carrières, lesquels permettent de comprendre l’hétérogé­néité des rapports au temps et aux études des étudiants. Dans un second temps, nous présentons en quoi la typologie n’est pas une fin en soi et qu’une fois construite, elle constitue un puissant instrument d’analyse des récits afin de saisir l’hétérogénéité des logiques, cette fois non pas entre les étudiants, mais au fil du temps, au sein d’une même biographie. L’article montre que la notion de carrière et la typologie sont des instruments permettant de contourner l’impres­sion de fixation et de lissage du vécu induite à la fois par la reconstitution a posteriori de sa vie par l’enquêté en situation d’entretien et par l’effort d’objec­tivation des carrières par le chercheur. La démonstration s’appuie sur deux récits biographiques récoltés au cours d’une recherche portant sur les mobilités pour études d’étudiants universitaires francophones originaires d’un milieu minoritaire au Canada.In this article, we show how the method of biographical interviews, when connected to the theoretical concept of career and the instrument of interpretative analytical typology represents and allows us to understand the heterogeneity of female experiences as well as their evolution over time. Initially, we explain our procedure in constructing a typology of six types of careers which will allow us to understand the heterogeneity of the relationships to time and to the students’ studies. Secondly, we show how the

  9. Discussion on the Fictional Phenomenon of Historical and Biographic Literature---With “Left Biology”,“Historical Records” as the Example%试论史传文学中的虚构现象--以《左传》、《史记》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    束振文

    2014-01-01

    史传文学中偶尔会出现虚构现象,这些虚构往往是史家有意为之。钱钟书先生认为,这是因为信史难征,史家不免设身处地,代古人而言。但有些细节仍未交代清楚。首先,历史的不可再现性决定了历史与历史文本之间必然会有距离。其次,历史的虚构是以史实为依据的推理。同时,也有史家价值观的寄托。从这些角度,我们能够更有条理、更为清晰地来看待历史的虚构这一问题。%Fictional phenomenon sometimes appears in the historical and biographic literature . And these phenomena are usually written by historians deliberately . Qian Zhongshu thought it was difficult to seek the reality , so historians chose to be as a spokesperson for the ancients . But he didn't give us detailed analysis . First , history can't be reappeared completely , which leads a gap between the history and the historical records . Second , historians' reasoning is based on the historical facts . It also reflects the historians'values . From these perspectives , we can treat the historical fiction methodically and clearly .

  10. Simulating Cosmic Structure Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Weinberg, D H; Hernquist, L E; Weinberg, David H.; Katz, Neal; Hernquist, Lars

    1997-01-01

    We describe cosmological simulation techniques and their application to studies of cosmic structure formation, with particular attention to recent hydrodynamic simulations of structure in the high redshift universe. Collisionless N-body simulations with Gaussian initial conditions produce a pattern of sheets, filaments, tunnels, and voids that resembles the observed large scale galaxy distribution. Simulations that incorporate gas dynamics and dissipation form dense clumps of cold gas with sizes and masses similar to the luminous parts of galaxies. Models based on inflation and cold dark matter predict a healthy population of high redshift galaxies, including systems with star formation rates of 20 M_{\\sun}/year at z=6. At z~3, most of the baryons in these models reside in the low density intergalactic medium, which produces fluctuating Lyman-alpha absorption in the spectra of background quasars. The physical description of this ``Lyman-alpha forest'' is particularly simple if the absorption spectrum is viewe...

  11. Emptiness Formation Probability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Nicholas; Ng, Stephen; Starr, Shannon

    2016-08-01

    We present rigorous upper and lower bounds on the emptiness formation probability for the ground state of a spin-1/2 Heisenberg XXZ quantum spin system. For a d-dimensional system we find a rate of decay of the order {exp(-c L^{d+1})} where L is the sidelength of the box in which we ask for the emptiness formation event to occur. In the {d=1} case this confirms previous predictions made in the integrable systems community, though our bounds do not achieve the precision predicted by Bethe ansatz calculations. On the other hand, our bounds in the case {d ≥ 2} are new. The main tools we use are reflection positivity and a rigorous path integral expansion, which is a variation on those previously introduced by Toth, Aizenman-Nachtergaele and Ueltschi.

  12. Cosmic structure formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertschinger, Edumund

    1994-01-01

    This article reviews the prevailing paradigm for how galaxies and larger structures formed in the universe: gravitational instability. Basic observational facts are summarized to motivate the standard cosmological framework underlying most detailed investigations of structure formation. The observed univers approaches spatial uniformity on scales larger than about 10(exp 26) cm. On these scales gravitational dynamics is almost linear and therefore relatively easy to relate to observations of large-scale structure. On smaller scales cosmic structure is complicated not only by nonlinear gravitational clustering but also by nonlinear nongravitational gas dynamical processes. The complexity of these phenomena makes galaxy formation one of the grand challenge problems of the physical sciences. No fully satisfactory theory can presently account in detail for the observed cosmic structure. However, as this article summarizes, significant progress has been made during the last few years.

  13. Un dilemme de formation

    OpenAIRE

    Fields, Marjorie; Marvel, David

    2013-01-01

    Le Master of Art in Teaching prépare à l’enseignement dans l’État de l’Alaska en un an. Les candidats doivent faire preuve d’un bon niveau dans leur discipline pour avoir accès à la formation qui comprend des études théoriques et des stages. Un système d’évaluation de l’enseignant stagiaire et de l’enseignant en fonction permet d’améliorer et de faire évoluer constamment cette formation. Les objectifs de compétence présentés étonneront plus d’un lecteur européen. The Master of Arts in Teac...

  14. Formate-assisted pyrolysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeSisto, William Joseph; Wheeler, Marshall Clayton; van Heiningen, Adriaan R. P.

    2015-03-17

    The present invention provides, among other thing, methods for creating significantly deoxygenated bio-oils form biomass including the steps of providing a feedstock, associating the feedstock with an alkali formate to form a treated feedstock, dewatering the treated feedstock, heating the dewatered treated feedstock to form a vapor product, and condensing the vapor product to form a pyrolysis oil, wherein the pyrolysis oil contains less than 30% oxygen by weight.

  15. Galaxy Formation and Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagamine, Kentaro; Reddy, Naveen; Daddi, Emanuele; Sargent, Mark T.

    2016-07-01

    In this chapter, we discuss the current status of observational and computational studies on galaxy formation and evolution. In particular, a joint analysis of star-formation rates (SFRs), stellar masses, and metallicities of galaxies throughout cosmic time can shed light on the processes by which galaxies build up their stellar mass and enrich the environment with heavy elements. Comparison of such observations and the results of numerical simulations can give us insights on the physical importance of various feedback effects by supernovae and active galactic nuclei. In Sect. 1, we first discuss the primary methods used to deduce the SFRs, stellar masses, and (primarily) gas-phase metallicities in high-redshift galaxies. Then, we show how these quantities are related to each other and evolve with time. In Sect. 2, we further examine the distribution of SFRs in galaxies following the `Main Sequence' paradigm. We show how the so-called `starbursts' display higher specific SFRs and SF efficiencies by an order of magnitude. We use this to devise a simple description of the evolution of the star-forming galaxy population since z ˜3 that can successfully reproduce some of the observed statistics in the infrared (IR) wavelength. We also discuss the properties of molecular gas. In Sect. 3, we highlight some of the recent studies of high-redshift galaxy formation using cosmological hydrodynamic simulations. We discuss the physical properties of simulated galaxies such as luminosity function and escape fraction of ionizing photons, which are important statistics for reionization of the Universe. In particular the escape fraction of ionizing photons has large uncertainties, and studying gamma-ray bursts (which is the main topic of this conference) can also set observational constraints on this uncertain physical parameter as well as cosmic star formation rate density.

  16. Reference Citation Format

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The format for citations in text and for bibliographic references follows GB/T 7714—2005.The citation should be ordered in number as it appears in the text of the submitted article.For journal article Sun,Y.,Li,B.,&Qu,J.F.Design and implementation of library intelligent IM reference robot.New Technology of Library and Information Service(in Chinese),2011,205:88–92.

  17. Reference Citation Format

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The format for citations in text and for bibliographic references follows GB/T 7714—2005.The citation should be ordered in number as it appears in the text of the submitted article.For journal article Sun,Y.,Li,B.,&Qu,J.F.Design and implementation of library intelligent IM reference robot.New Technology of Library and Information Service(in Chinese),

  18. Frost formation with salt

    OpenAIRE

    Guadarrama-Cetina, J.; Mongruel, A; González-Viñas, W; Beysens, D. A.

    2015-01-01

    The formation of frost in presence of salt (NaCl) crystal is experimentally investigated on a hydrophobic surface. It presents several remarkable features due to the interplay of salty-water saturation pressure evolution, initially lower than the saturation pressure of ice and water, and the percolating propagation of ice dendrites from defects throughout the supercooled water droplet pattern. In particular, it is remarkable that nucleation of supercooled water and/or ice is prevented around ...

  19. Reference Citation Format

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The format for citations in text and for bibliographic references follows the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association(5thEd.,2001)and GB/T 7714-2005.The citation of printed word should be ordered in number as it appears in the text of the submitted article.For journal article1 Goodrum,A.A.,McCain,K.W.,&Lawrence,S.,et al.Scholarly publishing in the Internet age:

  20. Reference Citation Format

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>The format for citations in text and for bibliographic references follows the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association(5thEd.,2001)and GB/T 7714-2005.The citation of printed word should be ordered in number as it appears in the text of the submitted article.For journal article1 Goodrum,A.A.,McCain,K.W.,&Lawrence,S.,et al.Scholarly publishing in the Internet