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Sample records for biochemical parameters linked

  1. Response model parameter linking

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    Barrett, Michelle Derbenwick

    2015-01-01

    With a few exceptions, the problem of linking item response model parameters from different item calibrations has been conceptualized as an instance of the problem of equating observed scores on different test forms. This thesis argues, however, that the use of item response models does not require

  2. Serum biochemical parameters of farmed carp (Cyprinus carpio

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    Tanţi Patriche

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite advances in ichthyo-pathology of recent years, interpretation of fish serum biochemical parameters is often difficult by lack of reference values. That is why to know the value of the serum biochemical parameters can be a useful tool for monitoring health status, detecting illnesses and responses to therapy. This paper provides data concerning biochemical composition of carp serum (Cyprinus carpio bred at Brateş Farm of Institute of Research and Development for Aquatic Ecology, Fishing and Aquaculture from Galaţi and Pleaşa Farm from Ploieşti, Romania. In research conducted onCyprinus carpio were determined following serum biochemical parameters: glucose (GLU, total proteins (TP, blood urea nitrogen (BUN, cholesterol (CHOL, triglyceride (TRIG, sodium (Na, potassium (K, calcium (Ca, magnesium (Mg, phosphorus (P, iron (Fe.

  3. Accelerated maximum likelihood parameter estimation for stochastic biochemical systems

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    Daigle Bernie J

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A prerequisite for the mechanistic simulation of a biochemical system is detailed knowledge of its kinetic parameters. Despite recent experimental advances, the estimation of unknown parameter values from observed data is still a bottleneck for obtaining accurate simulation results. Many methods exist for parameter estimation in deterministic biochemical systems; methods for discrete stochastic systems are less well developed. Given the probabilistic nature of stochastic biochemical models, a natural approach is to choose parameter values that maximize the probability of the observed data with respect to the unknown parameters, a.k.a. the maximum likelihood parameter estimates (MLEs. MLE computation for all but the simplest models requires the simulation of many system trajectories that are consistent with experimental data. For models with unknown parameters, this presents a computational challenge, as the generation of consistent trajectories can be an extremely rare occurrence. Results We have developed Monte Carlo Expectation-Maximization with Modified Cross-Entropy Method (MCEM2: an accelerated method for calculating MLEs that combines advances in rare event simulation with a computationally efficient version of the Monte Carlo expectation-maximization (MCEM algorithm. Our method requires no prior knowledge regarding parameter values, and it automatically provides a multivariate parameter uncertainty estimate. We applied the method to five stochastic systems of increasing complexity, progressing from an analytically tractable pure-birth model to a computationally demanding model of yeast-polarization. Our results demonstrate that MCEM2 substantially accelerates MLE computation on all tested models when compared to a stand-alone version of MCEM. Additionally, we show how our method identifies parameter values for certain classes of models more accurately than two recently proposed computationally efficient methods

  4. Biochemical Parameters of Orienteers Competing in a Long Distance Race.

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    Mikan, Vladimir; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Measured important biochemical parameters in a group of orienteers two hours before beginning and immediately after an orienteering marathon. Found levels of dehydration. Suggests a drinking regimen which is designed for orienteering races. Concludes that no runner having kidney or liver abnormalities or changes in the urine should be allowed to…

  5. Hematological and Biochemical Parameters in Elite Soccer Players During A Competitive Half Season

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    Anđelković, Marija; Baralić, Ivana; Đorđević, Brižita; Stevuljević, Jelena Kotur; Radivojević, Nenad; Dikić, Nenad; Škodrić, Sanja Radojević; Stojković, Mirjana

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background The purpose of the present study was to report and discuss the hematological and biochemical behavior of elite soccer players, in order to get more insight in the physiological characteristics of these sportsmen and to provide trainers and sports doctors with useful indicators. Methods Nineteen male soccer players volunteered to participate in this study. We followed the young elite soccer players during a competitive half season. Venous blood samples were collected between 9:00 and 10:00 a.m. after an overnight fast (10 h) at baseline, after 45 and 90 days and hematological and biochemical parameters were measured. Results Hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were significantly reduced over the observational period (psoccer training (psoccer players are characterized by significant changes in biochemical and hematological parameters over the half season, which are linked to training workload, as well as adaptation induced by the soccer training. Although the values of the measured parameters fell within the reference range, regular monitoring of the biochemical and hematological parameters is fundamental for the identification of a healthy status and related optimal performances by sport doctors and trainers and selection of a correct workload by trainers.

  6. Diazinon toxicity affects histophysiological and biochemical parameters in rabbits.

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    Yehia, Mona A H; El-Banna, Sabah G; Okab, Aly B

    2007-11-01

    Diazinon is a widely used pesticide in agriculture. So, the current work aimed to investigate the effects of diazinon exposure on some physiological and biochemical parameters, as well as, histopathological changes and histochemical acetyl-cholinesterase activity (AChE). The red Baladi rabbits were dipped into water (Control Group), diazinon at low concentrations of 0.6 mg diazinon low concentration (DLC) or high concentration of 3mg diazinon high concentration (DHC) dissolved in 1l of water for 10s. Treatment was repeated after 10 days and animals were sacrificed between 0 and 21 days after the second treatment. Blood analysis revealed that Red blood cells (RBC's), hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma total protein (TP) were significantly decreased in both diazinon concentrations (Pliver/ body weight and cytochrome P-450 were decreased in both concentrations (Pliver, kidney and brain were observed after DHC dipping. Glycogen content was decreased in liver and increased in kidney Bowman's capsule. Furthermore, AChE activity was inhibited in brain tissue, decreased in liver cells, but gradually increased in kidney glomerular cells. Therefore, kidney and brain were highly affected by diazinon exposure compared with the liver. Exposure of animals to diazinon caused extensive changes in physiological, biochemical, and histopathological parameters as well as histochemical AChE. So, contact exposure of diazinon leads to negative response on animal health.

  7. Dynamics of biochemical parameters of blood serum in kidney injuries

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    Y. L. Podgainiy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Annually injuries of varying severity are registered in more than 4,5 million people (up to 10% of the population in Ukraine; renal injury in polytrauma is detected in 26,4% of cases and takes 2 – 3 place of injury of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space. In order to study the kidney function and other vital organs systems 108 patients were examined. Methods and results. Laboratory methods (clinical and biochemical parameters of blood and urine tests, ultrasound and CT scans of the kidneys and abdominal organs were used. Conclusion. It was established that polytrauma often occurs in males (73,5% of middle-age. 42% of patients presented renal function violation - nitrogen excretion and 84% of patients had activated blood coagulation in the first 7 – 10 days of injury.

  8. Evaluation of clinical, biochemical and hematological parameters in macrocytic anemia

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    Aarthi Kannan

    2016-07-01

    Results: Primary bone marrow disorders were the most common cause of macrocytosis (46%. The other causes in decreasing order of frequency were megaloblastic anaemia (38%, hemolytic anemia (6%, drug induced (5%, alcoholism and liver disease (4% and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (1%. There was a significant difference in the mean values of MCV and serum LDH between megaloblastic and non and ndash; megaloblastic macrocytosis. When serum LDH >1345.2 IU/L or MCV>121fl (criterion values of ROC curve with reticulocyte count <2% was taken as criteria, the sensitivity was 92.1% and specificity was 93.5% for diagnosing megaloblastic anemia. Conclusions: Systematic evaluation of macrocytosis will help us to distinguish megaloblastic and non and ndash; megaloblastic macrocytosis. The blood and biochemical parameters especially CBC, RC, and serum LDH along with supporting clinical features help us in diagnosing megaloblastic anemia in a setup where vitamin and metabolite levels are difficult to obtain. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(7.000: 2670-2678

  9. Clinical and Biochemical Parameters of Children and Adolescents Applying Pesticides

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    O Hendy

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The primary agricultural product in Egypt is the cotton crop. Children and adolescents work seasonally in the cotton fields applying pesticides.Objectives: To examine the effect of pesticide exposure on clinical and biochemical parameters in children and adolescents applying pesticides.Methods: Male children currently applying pesticides and aged between 9 and 19 years (n = 50 were recruited for this study. They were asked to complete work, health, and exposure questionnaires; examined for any medical and neurological problems with particular attention to sensory and motor functions including cranial nerves, sensory and motor system, and reflexes. From each participant, a blood sample was taken to measure acetylcholinesterase activity, and liver and kidney functions. Children who have never worked in agriculture (n = 50, matched on age, education, and socioeconomic status were also studied and served as controls.Results: More neuromuscular disorders were identified in pesticide applicators than controls. A significant lower level of acetylcholinesterase was found in the applicator group compared to the controls. There was also a significant difference in hematological, renal and hepatic indices in the exposed children compared to the control children. Working more days in the current season and also working more years as a pesticide applicator were both associated with an increase in the prevalence of neuromuscular abnormalities and significant changes in the laboratory tests.Conclusion: Children and adolescent pesticide applicators working in farms of Egypt are at risk of developing serious health problems similar to those of adults.

  10. THE STUDY OF SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE MYELOMA

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    Bularda Morozan Mihai

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of some biochemical parameters obtained in the laboratory of “Elena Beldiman” Emergency Hospital Barlad, and in the”Dr. Stoian –Dr. Ungureanu”Private Medical Practice on 10 patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma during 2005-2011. Numerous researches over serum proteins with the help of various methods ( refractometry have shown the presence of some changes in protein fractions of blood serum. These changes express the change of the normal ratio between these fractions, that means disorders in colloidal structure of blood. The results of the electrophoresis analysis, also in accordance with those from the scholarly literature, show that the changes in the condition of the blood serum are due to the increase in the globulins fractions which is linked to the growth of the immunological processes, the antibodies synthesis being especially closely linked to gammaglobulinic fraction

  11. LDL biochemical modifications: a link between atherosclerosis and aging

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    Matilde Alique

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Atherosclerosis is an aging disease in which increasing age is a risk factor. Modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL is a well-known risk marker for cardiovascular disease. High-plasma LDL concentrations and modifications, such as oxidation, glycosylation, carbamylation and glycoxidation, have been shown to be proatherogenic experimentally in vitro and in vivo. Atherosclerosis results from alterations to LDL in the arterial wall by reactive oxygen species (ROS. Evidence suggests that common risk factors for atherosclerosis raise the likelihood that free ROS are produced from endothelial cells and other cells. Furthermore, oxidative stress is an important factor in the induction of endothelial senescence. Thus, endothelial damage and cellular senescence are well-established markers for atherosclerosis. This review examines LDL modifications and discusses the mechanisms of the pathology of atherosclerosis due to aging, including endothelial damage and oxidative stress, and the link between aging and atherosclerosis.

  12. LDL biochemical modifications: a link between atherosclerosis and aging

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    Alique, Matilde; Luna, Carlos; Carracedo, Julia; Ramírez, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    Atherosclerosis is an aging disease in which increasing age is a risk factor. Modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a well-known risk marker for cardiovascular disease. High-plasma LDL concentrations and modifications, such as oxidation, glycosylation, carbamylation and glycoxidation, have been shown to be proatherogenic experimentally in vitro and in vivo. Atherosclerosis results from alterations to LDL in the arterial wall by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Evidence suggests that common risk factors for atherosclerosis raise the likelihood that free ROS are produced from endothelial cells and other cells. Furthermore, oxidative stress is an important factor in the induction of endothelial senescence. Thus, endothelial damage and cellular senescence are well-established markers for atherosclerosis. This review examines LDL modifications and discusses the mechanisms of the pathology of atherosclerosis due to aging, including endothelial damage and oxidative stress, and the link between aging and atherosclerosis. PMID:26637360

  13. Effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor: ramipril on different biochemical parameters in essential hypertensive patients

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    Pratibha S. Salve

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Ramipril has beneficial effects on RAS (Renin angiotensin system and kinin system or both may contribute to the improvement in different biochemical parameters by ramipril. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(6.000: 2288-2291

  14. Development of class model based on blood biochemical parameters as a diagnostic tool of PSE meat.

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    Qu, Daofeng; Zhou, Xu; Yang, Feng; Tian, Shiyi; Zhang, Xiaojun; Ma, Lin; Han, Jianzhong

    2017-06-01

    A fast, sensitive and effective method based on the blood biochemical parameters for the detection of PSE meat was developed in this study. A total of 200 pigs were slaughtered in the same slaughterhouse. Meat quality was evaluated by measuring pH, electrical conductivity and color at 45min, 2h and 24h after slaughtering in M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LD). Blood biochemical parameters were determined in blood samples collected during carcass bleeding. Principal component analysis (PCA) biplot showed that high levels of exsanguination Creatine Kinase, Lactate Dehydrogenase, Aspertate aminotransferase, blood glucose and lactate were associated with the PSE meat, and the five biochemical parameters were found to be good indicators of PSE meat Discriminant function analysis (DFA) was able to clearly identify PSE meat using the five biochemical parameters as input data, and the class model is an effective diagnostic tool in pigs which can be used to detect the PSE meat and reduce economic loss for the company.

  15. Relationship between daily dietary fructose intake, body composition and biochemical parameters patients with type 2 diabetes

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    Sabriye Arslan

    2016-05-01

    Conclusion: Further studies are needed to develop more specific suggestions regarding fructose intake and to better understand the relationship between fructose intakes, body composition and biochemical parameters in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

  16. Global parameter estimation methods for stochastic biochemical systems

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    Poovathingal Suresh

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The importance of stochasticity in cellular processes having low number of molecules has resulted in the development of stochastic models such as chemical master equation. As in other modelling frameworks, the accompanying rate constants are important for the end-applications like analyzing system properties (e.g. robustness or predicting the effects of genetic perturbations. Prior knowledge of kinetic constants is usually limited and the model identification routine typically includes parameter estimation from experimental data. Although the subject of parameter estimation is well-established for deterministic models, it is not yet routine for the chemical master equation. In addition, recent advances in measurement technology have made the quantification of genetic substrates possible to single molecular levels. Thus, the purpose of this work is to develop practical and effective methods for estimating kinetic model parameters in the chemical master equation and other stochastic models from single cell and cell population experimental data. Results Three parameter estimation methods are proposed based on the maximum likelihood and density function distance, including probability and cumulative density functions. Since stochastic models such as chemical master equations are typically solved using a Monte Carlo approach in which only a finite number of Monte Carlo realizations are computationally practical, specific considerations are given to account for the effect of finite sampling in the histogram binning of the state density functions. Applications to three practical case studies showed that while maximum likelihood method can effectively handle low replicate measurements, the density function distance methods, particularly the cumulative density function distance estimation, are more robust in estimating the parameters with consistently higher accuracy, even for systems showing multimodality. Conclusions The parameter

  17. Effects of intermittent lighting on broiler growth performance, slaughter performance, serum biochemical parameters and tibia parameters

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    Haiming Yang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of intermittent lighting (IL on broiler growth and slaughter performance as well as serum biochemical and tibia parameters. Two hundred and eighty 7-d-old Ross 308 broilers were selected and reared from 8 to 42 d under IL photoperiods of either 2 hours of light:2 hours of dark (2L:2D or 4 hours of light:4 hours of dark (4L:4D, or under continuous lighting (CL. On day 42, body weight of broilers raised in the 4L:4D photoperiod was significantly increased compared to those reared in the 2L:2D photoperiod. The average daily feed intake (ADFI of broilers in IL was significantly less than broilers in CL. The feed conversion of broilers raised in the 4L:4D photoperiod was significantly more efficient than broilers in CL. The intestinal tract weight was greater in birds raised in the 4L:4D photoperiod compared to birds in CL. Similarly, the eviscerated yield with giblet and eviscerated carcass weights in birds reared in the 4L:4D photoperiod were significantly higher than corresponding weights observed in broilers raised in CL. Serum total protein concentration was distinctly higher in birds raised in the 4L:4D photoperiod than that in the 2L:2D photoperiod. In addition, the bone elastic modulus of birds reared in the 4L:4D photoperiod was greater than measurements observed in the 2L:2D photoperiod. Accordingly, we concluded that the 4L:4D photoperiodic lighting schedule was superior to both the 2L:2D photoperiod and CL in broiler production.

  18. Effects of ramadan fasting on cardiovascular and biochemical parameters

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    M Gupta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Muslims abstain from food and drink from dawn to sunset every day during Ramadan - the holiest month in Islamic lunar calendar.  Methods: The effect of Ramadan fast on body mass index (BMI, blood pressure (BP, fasting blood glucose (FBG and lipid profile were studied on 100 healthy male, adult Muslim volunteers. All parameters were recorded one week before the onset and then in the last week of Ramadan month and compared.  Results: There was no statistically significant effect on BMI, and systolic or diastolic blood pressures (p>0.05. However, fasting blood glucose (FBG, serum total cholesterol (TC, serum triglycerides (TG were significantly decreased (p = 0.000 and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C level was significantly (p=0.000 increased in last week of Ramadan fasting compared to pre fasting levels. Conclusion: Our results show beneficial effects of Ramadan fasting on FBG and serum lipid profile. 

  19. Dye-linked D-amino acid dehydrogenases: biochemical characteristics and applications in biotechnology.

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    Satomura, Takenori; Sakuraba, Haruhiko; Suye, Shin-Ichiro; Ohshima, Toshihisa

    2015-11-01

    Dye-linked D-amino acid dehydrogenases (Dye-DADHs) catalyze the dehydrogenation of free D-amino acids in the presence of an artificial electron acceptor. Although Dye-DADHs functioning in catabolism of L-alanine and as primary enzymes in electron transport chains are widely distributed in mesophilic Gram-negative bacteria, biochemical and biotechnological information on these enzymes remains scanty. This is in large part due to their instability after isolation. On the other hand, in the last decade, several novel types of Dye-DADH have been found in thermophilic bacteria and hyperthermophilic archaea, where they contribute not only to L-alanine catabolism but also to the catabolism of other amino acids, including D-arginine and L-hydroxyproline. In this minireview, we summarize recent developments in our understanding of the biochemical characteristics of Dye-DADHs and their specific application to electrochemical biosensors.

  20. Relationship Between Hyperspectral Parameters and Physiological and Biochemical Indexes of Flue-Cured Tobacco Leaves

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    LI Xiang-yang; LIU Guo-shun; YANG Yong-feng; ZHAO Chun-hua; YU Qi-wei; SONG Shi-xu

    2007-01-01

    The experiment was set up for examining the physiological and biological indexes quickly and exactly, for obtaining information of tobacco-field fertilizing and tobacco growing. The ASD Field spec FR 2500 was used to measure spectra reflectance of flue-cured tobacco and the relationship between hyperspectral parameters and biochemical contents (total nitrogen, chlorophyll, carotenoid), and physiological indexes (fresh weight, dry weight, moisture content) of flue-cured tobacco leaves was studied by correlation and stepwise regression statistic methods at different nitrogen and potassium levels. The results indicated that the spectra curves of different treatments had obvious rules and great diversities. There were high correlations between different types of spectra parameters and ten physiological and biochemical indexes of flue-cured tobacco leaves. Hyperspectral characteristic variables of ten physiological and biochemical indexes were found through stepwise regression, and SDr/SDb was the characteristic variable closest to seven biochemical contents. Simultaneously, the R2 and regression coefficient of equations reached 0.05 significant level and the equations had good estimating effects through the examination of other samples. Accordingly, this study suggested that the ten physiological and biochemical indexes could be estimated quickly by the estimating models, at the same time nitrogen-potassium fertilization and growth condition of flue-cured tobacco could be inspected.

  1. The dynamics of blood biochemical parameters in cosmonauts during long-term space flights

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    Markin, Andrei; Strogonova, Lubov; Balashov, Oleg; Polyakov, Valery; Tigner, Timoty

    Most of the previously obtained data on cosmonauts' metabolic state concerned certain stages of the postflight period. In this connection, all conclusions, as to metabolism peculiarities during the space flight, were to a large extent probabilistic. The purpose of this work was study of metabolism characteristics in cosmonauts directly during long-term space flights. In the capillary blood samples taken from a finger, by "Reflotron IV" biochemical analyzer, "Boehringer Mannheim" GmbH, Germany, adapted to weightlessness environments, the activity of GOT, GPT, CK, gamma-GT, total and pancreatic amylase, as well as concentration of hemoglobin, glucose, total bilirubin, uric acid, urea, creatinine, total, HDL- and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides had been determined. HDL/LDL-cholesterol ratio also was computed. The crewmembers of 6 main missions to the "Mir" orbital station, a total of 17 cosmonauts, were examined. Biochemical tests were carryed out 30-60 days before lounch, and in the flights different stages between the 25-th and the 423-rd days of flights. In cosmonauts during space flight had been found tendency to increase, in compare with basal level, GOT, GPT, total amylase activity, glucose and total cholesterol concentration, and tendency to decrease of CK activity, hemoglobin, HDL-cholesterol concentration, and HDL/LDL — cholesterol ratio. Some definite trends in variations of other determined biochemical parameters had not been found. The same trends of mentioned biochemical parameters alterations observed in majority of tested cosmonauts, allows to suppose existence of connection between noted metabolic alterations with influence of space flight conditions upon cosmonaut's body. Variations of other studied blood biochemical parameters depends on, probably, pure individual causes.

  2. Parameters Obtained by Hepatobiliary Scintigraphy Have Significant Correlation with Biochemical Factors Early After Liver Transplantation

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    Kansoul, H.A.; Axelsson, R.; Yamamoto, S.; Savicheva, I.; Aspelin, P.; Ericzon, B.G.; Gjertsen, H. [Div. of Transplantation Surgery and Div. of Radiology, Dept. of Clinical Science, Intervention, and Technology, Karolinska Inst., Karolinska Univ. Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2007-08-15

    Background: Early postoperative hepatobiliary scintigraphy after liver transplantation is performed worldwide, but data on its significance for graft function are currently limited. Purpose: To examine the correlation between the result of early postoperative hepatobiliary scintigraphy and pre- and postoperative biochemical parameters in liver transplantation (LTx) patients. Material and Methods: Six parameters of hepatobiliary scintigraphy using {sup 99m}Tc mebrofenin were statistically analyzed in 108 LTx patients: 1) half-life of the activity of elimination of mebrofenin from the blood; 2) total clearance of mebrofenin from the blood due to all possible routes; 3) half-life of the activity due to liver uptake; 4) clearance of mebrofenin from the blood due to liver uptake; 5) time to maximal uptake in the liver; and 6) the hepatic extraction fraction (HEF) and biochemical data. Analysis between patients with preoperative normal liver function, familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP), and end-stage liver disease (non-FAP) was also performed. Results: Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that total bilirubin postoperative day 3 correlated with all three scintigraphic parameters, and peak aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase correlated with HEF. The analysis between patients with FAP and non-FAP revealed no significant difference of scintigraphic data between the two groups. Conclusion: A significant correlation between early postoperative scintigraphic results and biochemical parameters was demonstrated.

  3. Correlation between Aminotransferase Ratio (AST/ALT and Other Biochemical Parameters in Chronic Liver Disease of Viral Origin

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    Shah Md Fazlul Karim

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: In recent years the ratio of aspartate aminotransferase (AST to alanine aminotransferase (ALT in patients of chronic liver disease (CLD of various origins has gained much attention. This variable is readily available, easy to interpret, and inexpensive and the clinical utility of the AST/ALT ratio in the diagnostic workup of patients with CLD is quite promising. Objective: The present study was designed to find out the link between aminotransferase (AST/ALT ratio with commonly measured biochemical parameters of liver function tests in CLD of viral origin. Materials and method: This cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Biochemistry, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Forty four biopsy proven diagnosed subjects of chronic viral hepatitis without cirrhosis of both sex were selected purposively. With aseptic precaution 5 mL venous blood was collected from each subject and common liver function tests (serum AST, ALT, AST/ALT ratio, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, serum total protein, serum albumin, serum globulin, serum albumin/globulin ratio, prothrombin time and viral serology (HBsAg, Anti HDV antibody, Anti HCV antibody were performed. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 19 for Windows. Pearson’s correlation test was done to determine association between AST/ALT with other biochemical parameters. Results: Mean(±SD age of the study subjects was 32.55±10.55 years (range 20-50 years with 48 (77.7% male and 14 (22.6% female subjects. Pearson’s correlation test was done between AST to ALT ratio with other biochemical parameters and prothrombin time showed significant positive correlation (p <0.01. Conclusion: In our study we found significant positive correlation between AST/ALT with prothrombin time in CLD subjects without cirrhosis.

  4. The in vitro effect of drugs on biochemical parameters determined by a SMAC system.

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    Vinet, B; Letellier, G

    1977-02-01

    1. We have studied the in vitro effect of 39 drugs on 17 biochemical parameters determined by a SMAC System. Only two drugs were found to interfere: ascorbic and theophyline. 2. The ascorbic acid lowers the glucose and the bilirubine values; it increases the creatinine and the uric acid concentration. At concentration smaller than 5 mg/dl of this drug, these effects are negligible. 3. We have found a new drug interference: theophylline inhibits the alkaline phosphatase and LDH activities. This effect is not negligible on alkaline phosphatase for therapeutic levels of this drug; the action on LDH can be ignored at normal therapeutic range. 4. For a given drug, we have found different interference with biochemical parameters determined with various commercial lyophlised control sera or a liquid pool of sera. This indicates that the type of sera used in drug interference studies must be described.

  5. Meat Characteristics, Fatty Liver Weight and Blood Biochemical Parameters in Force-Feeding Geese

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    A study on growth performance, meat characteristics, fatty liver weight and serum biochemical parameters (ASAT, ALAT, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyltransferase, total cholesterol, triglycerides and creatinine) in Landes geese before and after force-feeding was carried out. The overfeeding of geese with corn was taken after 90-days of age. Frequency of daily force feeding was gradually increased from 2 to 5 until the 15th day of force feeding. During force-feeding period, the body weight inc...

  6. Haematological and Biochemical Parameters during the Laying Period in Common Pheasant Hens Housed in Enhanced Cages

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    Petra Hrabčáková

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of selected haematological and biochemical parameters during the laying period was monitored in common pheasant hens housed in an enhanced cage system. The cages were enhanced by the addition of two perches and a shelter formed by strips of cloth hanging in the corner of the cage. The results showed significant changes in the haematological and biochemical parameters monitored during egg laying. At the time when laying capacity approached a maximum, a decrease was observed (P<0.05 in haematocrit, erythrocytes, and haemoglobin values, whereas monocytes, eosinophils, the heterophil/lymphocyte ratio, phosphorus, and calcium exhibited an increase (P<0.05. At the end of the laying period, an increase (P<0.05 was recorded in the count of leukocytes, heterophils, lymphocytes and basophils, the heterophil to lymphocyte ratio, and the concentrations of aspartate aminotransferase, cholesterol, phosphorus, and calcium, whereas lower values (P<0.05 were recorded for haematocrit and plasma total protein in comparison with the values of the indicators at the beginning of the laying period. The results provide new information about dynamic changes in selected haematological and biochemical parameters in clinically healthy common pheasant hens during the laying period.

  7. Impact of environmental stress on biochemical parameters of bacteria reducing chromium

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    Rida Batool

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Chromium pollution is produced in connection with industrial processes like in tanneries. It has been suggested that bioremediation could be a good option for clean up. The stress effect of variable chromate levels, pHs and growth temperatures on biochemical parameters of two Cr(VI reducing bacterial strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa Rb-1 and Ochrobactrum intermedium Rb-2 was investigated. Transmission electrone microscopy (TEM was performed to study the intracellular distribution of Cr(VI. It was observed that initial stress of 1000 µgmL-1 caused significant enhancement of all studied biochemical parameters at pH 7.0 and growth temperature of 37 °C showing great bioremediation potential of the strains. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the distribution of chromium precipitates was not uniform as they were distributed in the cytoplasm as well as found associated with the periplasm and outer membrane. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed the possible involvement of carboxyl, amino, sulpohonate and hydroxyl groups present on the bacterial cell surface for the binding of Cr(VI ions. Cr(VI stress brought about changes in the distridution of these functional groups. It can be concluded that the investigated bacterial strains adjust well to Cr(VI stress in terms of biochemical parameters and along that exhibited alteration in morphology.

  8. Hematological parameters in relation to age, sex and biochemical values for mute swans (Cygnus olor).

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    Dolka, B; Włodarczyk, R; Zbikowski, A; Dolka, I; Szeleszczuk, P; Kluciński, W

    2014-06-01

    The knowledge of the correct morphological and biochemical parameters in mute swans is an important indicator of their health status, body condition, adaptation to habitat and useful diagnostic tools in veterinary practice and ecological research. The aim of the study was to obtain hematological parameters in relation to age, sex and serum biochemistry values in wild-living mute swans. We found the significant differences in the erythrocyte count, hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in relation to age of mute swans. There were no differences in hematological values between males and females. The leukogram and H/L ratio did not vary by age and sex in swans. Among of biochemical parameters the slightly increased AST, ALP, CK, K, urea, decreased CHOL and TG values were recorded. As far as we know, this is the first study in which the morphometric parameters of blood cells in mute swans were presented. We found extremely low concentration of lead in blood (at subthreshold level). No blood parasites were found in blood smears. The analysis of body mass and biometric parameters revealed a significant differences dependent on age and sex. No differences in the scaled mass index were found. Our results represent a normal hematologic and blood chemistry values and age-sex related changes, as reference values for the mute swan.

  9. Predictive value of routine hematological and biochemical parameters on 30-day fatality in acute stroke

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    Bhatia R

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This prospective study was planned to study the prognostic value of routine clinical, hematological and biochemical parameters, including platelet aggregation in patients of acute stroke, on fatality occurring during the first 30 days. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study 116 consecutive patients (77 males and 39 females of stroke (within 72 hours of onset were included. After clinical evaluation and neuroimaging, blood investigations, hemoglobin, total leukocyte count, platelet count, platelet aggregation, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, blood sugar, urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, serum cholesterol, serum bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT, alanine aminotransferase (SGPT, albumin, and globulin estimations were performed. The patients were followed up for a maximum period of 30 days from the onset of stroke, and patients who expired were grouped as ′expired′ and the rest as ′survivors′. Logistic regression analysis was carried out among the significant parameters to identify independent predictors of 30-day fatality. RESULTS: Univariate analysis demonstrated that among hematological parameters, high total leukocyte count and ESR, at admission, correlated significantly with an undesirable outcome during the initial 30 days. Among biochemical parameters, elevated urea, creatinine, serum transaminases (SGOT and SGPT and globulin levels correlated significantly with death. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that a low Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS score along with biochemical parameters such as high serum creatinine, SGPT, ESR and total leukocyte count correlated with death. CONCLUSION: Impaired consciousness, high total leukocyte count, raised ESR, elevated creatinine and SGPT levels, estimated within 24 hours of hospitalization, are the most important indicators of 30-day mortality in patients with first-time ischemic stroke.

  10. Effect of dietary feed additives on haematological and serum biochemical parameters of broiler chickens.

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    Alonge EO

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The effect of dietary feed additives on haematological and serum biochemical parameters of broiler chickens was evaluated. 180 day-old Arbor acre broiler chicks were weighed and randomly allotted to five dietary treatments with 3 replicates of 12 birds each. Broiler starter diet (2855.7 kcal/kg ME; 23.01% and finisher diet (2911 kcal/kg; 20.71% CP were formulated. Dietary treatments were control diet (basal diet without additives, OXYT diet (basal diet with oxytetracycline at 600 ppm as antibiotic, GRO-UP diet (basal diet with probiotic at 500 ppm, MOS-500 diet (basal diet with mannan oligosaccharide at 500 ppm and MOS-1000 diet (basal diet with mannan oligosaccharide at 1000 ppm. Feed and water were supplied ad libitum. At the end of weeks 4 and 8, blood samples were collected and analyzed. The haematological and serum biochemical parameters of broiler chickens fed diets containing feed additives at the starter phase were not statistically significant (P> 0.05. At the finisher phase, there were no significant (P> 0.05 differences in all the parameters measured except in the heterophils and eosinophils where birds fed the control diets had the lowest value among all treatments. Serum globulin values were significantly (P< 0.05 different as birds fed diets containing OXYT (antibiotics recorded the lowest value among all treatments. The inclusion of prebiotics and probiotics in the diets of broiler chickens elicited no adverse effect on haematological and serum biochemical parameters, thus, they can be used as replacement for antibiotics.

  11. Effect of age and gender on some blood biochemical parameters of apparently healthy small ruminants from Southern Punjab in Pakistan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shumaila Kiran; Arif Mahmood Bhutta; Bakhtyawar Ali Khan; Sobia Durrani; Muhammad Ali; Muhammad Ali; Furhan Iqbal

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To report and compare the hematological and serum biochemical profile of goat and sheep from Rahim Yar Khan district in Southern Punjab. Methods: One hundred and twenty blood samples (98 goat and 22 sheep) were collected and their blood glucose, hemoglobin and serum biochemical parameters, cholesterol, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined by using spectrophotometer. Parameters were compared between goat and sheep. Results: It was observed that glucose (P=0.001), LDH (P=0.001) and ALT (P=0.001) concentrations differed significantly between sheep and goats. The studied parameters were compared between buck and goats and also between young goats (less than 12 months old) and adults (more than 12 months old). It was found that age and gender did not affect these hematological and serum biochemical parameters.Conclusions: It can be concluded that sheep have overall higher values than goats for studied hematological and serum biochemical parameters.

  12. Hematological and biochemical parameters in symptomatic and asymptomatic leishmania-seropositive dogs

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    Igor Ulchar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is vector-born severe enzootic disease in dogs. It includes a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, but the most characteristic are alterations in the hematopoetic system and renal failure. Also, infected animals could be asymptomatic, so the manifestation of L. infantum infection depends on many factors, including host’s immunological status. The aim of this survey was to find parameters related with hematopoetic and renal failure (hematology, biochemical parameters – urea, creatinine, serum proteins in symptomatic and asymptomatic dogs seropositive for canine leishmaniosis. Within the hematological parameters, we found signifi cant differences between symptomatic and asymptomatic dogs in the erythrogram and platelet count, but not in the leukogram. Significant differences between the two groups were found also for urea, creatinine, serum albumin and globulin, but not in serum total protein and A/G ratio. These findings indicate individual variability of the host’s response to infection with L. infantum.

  13. The Hypertrophic Marchigiana: physical and biochemical parameters for meat quality evaluation

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    F. M. Sarti

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the meat quality of double muscled Marchigiana young bulls characterized by different genotypes for the hypertrophy: normal and mutated (heterozygous. Calpain and calpastatin activities were determined to verify the state of aging meat on a sample of Longissimus thoracis muscle (XIII thoracic rib taken at slaughtering (0h and after 24 hours (24h. After 14 days of aging, another sample of muscle was taken to evaluate physical and chemical parameters of meat quality. The results showed a better meat quality of mutated animals respect normal animals. Another interesting result was the correlation between the biochemical parameters and some physical parameters, such as WBS (Warner Bratzler Shear Force, CL (Cooking loss. These results showed the relationship between the proteolytic activity of calpain system and meat tenderness.

  14. A software for the estimation of binding parameters of biochemical equilibria based on statistical probability model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisicaro, E; Braibanti, A; Sambasiva Rao, R; Compari, C; Ghiozzi, A; Nageswara Rao, G

    1998-04-01

    An algorithm is proposed for the estimation of binding parameters for the interaction of biologically important macromolecules with smaller ones from electrometric titration data. The mathematical model is based on the representation of equilibria in terms of probability concepts of statistical molecular thermodynamics. The refinement of equilibrium concentrations of the components and estimation of binding parameters (log site constant and cooperativity factor) is performed using singular value decomposition, a chemometric technique which overcomes the general obstacles due to near singularity. The present software is validated with a number of biochemical systems of varying number of sites and cooperativity factors. The effect of random errors of realistic magnitude in experimental data is studied using the simulated primary data for some typical systems. The safe area within which approximate binding parameters ensure convergence has been reported for the non-self starting optimization algorithms.

  15. Evaluation of nutritional and biochemical parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats following antihypertensive treatment

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    Joanna Suliburska

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. One side effect of antihypertensive drugs is their impact on nutritional status and metabolism. The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional and biochemical parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats following treatment with antihypertensive drugs. Material and methods. The experiment was performed on 50 male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, which were assigned to fi ve groups: control (C, with perindopril (PR, with metoprolol (MT, with indapamide (ID, and with amlodipine (AM. All rats were provided ad libitum standard diet (with or without drugs and distilled water. After 45 days, the animals were weighed and killed. Liver, kidney, heart, spleen, pancreas, and blood samples were collected. Concentrations of glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and albumin were assayed in serum. Morphology parameters, such as white blood cell, red blood cell, hematocrit, and lymphocyte counts were measured in the blood. Blood pressure was measured using a tail-cuff plethysmograph. Results. The results obtained indicate that the hypotensive drugs under investigation had no effect on the selected nutritional parameters. Perindopril signifi cantly decreased the relative mass of the heart and amlodipine markedly decreased the relative mass of the pancreas. A markedly higher concentration of glucose in the group with indapamid, and a signifi cantly lower concentration of triglycerides in the group with metoprolol, were observed. Indapamide and amlodipine markedly increased the value of red blood cells and hematocrit in the blood of SHR. Conclusions. Long-term therapy with antihypertension drugs may infl uence tissue mass and biochemical and morphological status in the body.

  16. [Simulation of vegetation indices optimizing under retrieval of vegetation biochemical parameters based on PROSPECT + SAIL model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ling; Liu, Xiang-Nan; Zhou, Bo-Tian; Liu, Chuan-Hao; Li, Lu-Feng

    2012-12-01

    This study analyzed the sensitivities of three vegetation biochemical parameters [chlorophyll content (Cab), leaf water content (Cw), and leaf area index (LAI)] to the changes of canopy reflectance, with the effects of each parameter on the wavelength regions of canopy reflectance considered, and selected three vegetation indices as the optimization comparison targets of cost function. Then, the Cab, Cw, and LAI were estimated, based on the particle swarm optimization algorithm and PROSPECT + SAIL model. The results showed that retrieval efficiency with vegetation indices as the optimization comparison targets of cost function was better than that with all spectral reflectance. The correlation coefficients (R2) between the measured and estimated values of Cab, Cw, and LAI were 90.8%, 95.7%, and 99.7%, and the root mean square errors of Cab, Cw, and LAI were 4.73 microg x cm(-2), 0.001 g x cm(-2), and 0.08, respectively. It was suggested that to adopt vegetation indices as the optimization comparison targets of cost function could effectively improve the efficiency and precision of the retrieval of biochemical parameters based on PROSPECT + SAIL model.

  17. Correlations between endogen amylin hormone and some hormonal, biochemical and bone parameters in pullets

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    S Guzel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess the correlations of amylin (a pancreatic polypeptide hormone with some hormonal, biochemical and bone parameters in pullets. Forty 18-week-old pullets were used. Plasma amylin, CT (calcitonin, 1,25 (OH2 vitamin D (1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol , serum osteocalcin, glucose, ALP (alkaline phosphatase, cholesterol, and triglycerides, as well as weight, length and total volume of tibiotarsi were measured. Plasma amylin concentration was negatively correlated with serum cholesterol (p<0.05 and triglycerides (p<0.05 concentrations. Plasma amylin concentration was significantly and positively correlated with plasma calcitonin concentrations (p<0.001. Serum ALP and plasma amylin concentrations were positively correlated (p<0.01. There were no correlations between amylin hormone and other parameters. Based on these results, it is possible to conclude that endogen amylin may effect cholesterol, triglycerides, calcitonin, and ALP levels in pullets without changing some other hormonal, biochemical and bone parameters related to calcium and lipid metabolism.

  18. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Local Turkey Poults Fed Diets Containing Two Varieties of Sorghum

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    E.B. Etuk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available These studies were conducted to determine the effects of two varieties of sorghum, Samsorg 17 and ICSV 400 on the haematological and serum biochemical parameters of local turkey breeds, reared in Nigeria. Two hundred and sixteen poults were divided into 9 treatment groups of 24 each, which were further replicated thrice and fed starter diets containing Samsorg 17 and ICSV 400. Similar (P > 0.05 RBC and PCV values were obtained with the two diets. Samsorg 17 fed poults produced lower, though not significantly (P > 0.05 serum albumin, glucose, urea, creatinine, sodium, chloride, ALP, SGPT and SGOT values than those on ICSV 400 diet. Higher RBC, MCHC, MCH, MCV and PCV values were observed with Samsorg 17 fed turkeys than those on ICSV 400 diets. Serum glucose and creatinine decreased and SGOT increased with dietary sorghum. Similar (p > 0.05 Hb, WBC, MCHC, MCV and PCV values were obtained in all groups. Values of serum biochemical indices assayed except urea, calcium, potassium and chloride showed no significant (p > 0.05 differences among the treatment groups. It was therefore concluded that Samsorg 17 and ICSV 400 sorghum varieties could sustain local turkey production without any on toward effects on their haematological and serum biochemical indices.

  19. Effect of ascorbic acid on morphological and biochemical parameters in tomato seedling exposure to salt stress

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    Krupa-Małkiewicz Marcelina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine the effect of both NaCl and KCl alone and in comparison to AsA on the morphological and some biochemical parameters of Oxheart and Vilma cultivars of tomato under laboratory and field conditions. A combination of salt applied in the laboratory experiment caused a significant effect on seed germination and root and shoot length and a significant reduction of Chl a, Chl b and Car contents in 14-day-old tomato seedlings. However, seedlings of cultivar Vilma were characterised by higher tolerance to applied salt stress.

  20. Effect of Cadmium and Zinc on growth and Biochemical Parameters of Selected Vegetables.

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    Davika Bhargava

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Heavy metals occur naturally in soil but more is being released into the environment by humans especially from mining. Heavy metals are helpful for plants in mineral nutrition but in excess they cause pollution and are harmful for plants, invertebrates and some vertebrate fishes. Through precipitation of their compounds or by ion exchange into soil heavy metal pollutants can localize and lay dormant. They have inhibitory effects on plant growth and the performance of photosynthetic apparatus of plants. The present paper reports the adverse effects of zinc and cadmium on growth and biochemical parameters of Lady’s finger and Cluster bean.

  1. Effect of fire smoke on some biochemical parameters in firefighters of Saudi Arabia

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    Rezq Ameen M

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Firefighters who are facing fires, are frequently exposed to hazardous materials including carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen chloride, benzene, sulphur dioxide, etc. This study aimed to evaluate some relevant serum biochemical and blood hematological changes in activity involved firefighters in comparison to normal subjects. Subjects and Methods Two groups of male firefighters volunteered to participate in the study. The first included 28 firefighters from Jeddah, while the second included 21 firefighters from Yanbu, with overall age ranged 20–48 years. An additional group of 23 male non-firefighters volunteered from both cities as normal control subjects, of age range 20–43 years. Blood samples were collected from all volunteer subjects and investigated for some relevant serum biochemical and blood hematological changes. Results The results obtained showed that, there were statistically significant differences in liver function, kidney function, serum lipid profile, cortisol, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, iron and its biologically active derivatives, and blood picture in firefighters as compared with the normal control group. These results indicate that, fire smoke mainly affects serum biochemical and blood hematological parameters. Such results might point out to the need for more health protective and prophylactic measures to avoid such hazardous health effects that might endanger firefighters under their highly drastic working conditions. Conclusion Besides using of personal protective equipments for firefighters to protect them against exposure to toxic materials of fire smoke, it is recommended that, firefighters must be under continuous medical follow up through a standard timetabled medical laboratory investigations to allow for early detection of any serum biochemical or blood hematological changes that might happen during their active service life and to allow for early treatment whenever

  2. Effect of superovulation on uterine and serum biochemical parameters and its potential association with transferable embryos in Holstein dairy cows

    OpenAIRE

    Rasolomboahanginjatovo, Hasina Santatriniaina; Chorfi, Younès; Dupras, Raynald; Mills, Louis; Lefebvre, Réjean

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effects of superovulation (SOV) on serum and uterine biochemical parameters, uterine bacteriology and cytology and number of transferable embryos (TE). Dairy cows were placed on a Presynch/CIDR Synch protocol. The SOV group was superovulated, induced in estrus, and inseminated, whereas the control group was induced in estrus and inseminated without SOV. Uterine bacteriology and cytology and uterine and serum biochemical parameters were measured...

  3. Sperm quality and selected biochemical parameters of seminal fluid in dogs with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krakowski, L; Wąchocka, A; Brodzki, P; Wrona, Z; Piech, T; Wawron, W; Chałabis-Mazurek, A

    2015-09-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in dogs is most commonly associated with age and increasing concentrations of dihydrotesterone, a hormone that stimulates growth and secretion of the prostatic epithelial cells. During this process, the biochemical composition of prostatic secretion changes, which can affect the quality of semen and limit the ability of the sperm to contribute to fertilization. Therefore, the present study was conducted to examine possible correlation between BPH and biological quality of semen. The study was performed in 11 sexually mature dogs of various breeds. Animals were divided into two groups: healthy dogs (Group I; n = 5; mean age 4.32; SEM = 1.28) and dogs with BPH (Group II n = 6; mean age 6.16; SEM = 0.65). Semen and prostate secretions were collected and evaluated in this study. Standard semen examinations were conducted in the ejaculates collected; moreover, the extent of apoptosis and DNA defragmentation was determined. The selected biochemical parameters were determined in the prostate secretion. According to the examination results, there were no significant differences in standard semen parameters between the two groups of dogs. Nevertheless, morphological tests of semen in dogs with BPH demonstrated elevated percentages of primary defects in spermatozoa. A significant increase (P = 0.01) in DNA defragmentation of sperm was found in dogs with BPH. Moreover, changes in the biochemical composition of prostate secretion were demonstrated. In dogs with BPH, pH of prostate secretions was greater (P = 0.03), concentrations of cholesterol increased while concentrations of Zn and Cu decreased. The study findings reveal that BPH does not change semen quality in dogs.

  4. Influence of Fasciola hepatica on Serum Biochemical Parameters and Vascular and Biliary System of Sheep Liver

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodžić, A; Zuko, A; Avdić, R; Alić, A; Omeragić, J; Jažić, A

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional capacity of the liver based on the activity of specific enzymes and bilirubin in serum and also to investigate the influence of mechanical and toxic effects of Fasciola hepatica on the structures of the blood vessels and biliary tract in the sheep liver. Methods Blood samples and liver of 63 indigenous sheep of Pramenka breed, slaughtered in the period from March to December 2009 were used. Based on parasitological findings in the liver, all animals were divided into two groups: control (n = 34) and infected group (n = 29). For investigation and description of pathological changes in sheep liver, naturally infected with F. hepatica, corrosion cast technique was used. Results Biochemical analysis of tested parameters showed a significant elevation (P≤0.05) of serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) in infected sheep group comparing with the control group. No significant differences were observed for activity of aspartate aminotranferase (AST) between groups. Vascular and biliary systems of the liver were found to be affected. Conclusion Results of biochemical analysis are consistent with pathological findings and measuring of tested parameters could be used in early diagnosis of sheep fasciolosis and to test the effectiveness of anthelmintic therapy. Corrosion cast technique is very useful for investigation of pathological changes and neoangiogenesis of vascular and biliary system in sheep liver, caused by mechanical and toxic effects of F. hepatica. PMID:23682266

  5. Flaxseed bioactive compounds change milk, hormonal and biochemical parameters of dams and offspring during lactation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troina, A A; Figueiredo, M S; Passos, M C F; Reis, A M; Oliveira, E; Lisboa, P C; Moura, E G

    2012-07-01

    We evaluated maternal intake of SDG (secoisolariciresinol diglucoside), a compound from flaxseed, and flaxseed oil+SDG on biochemical and hormonal parameters of dams and male and female offspring during lactation. Dams were fed a standard diet (C); diet added 40 mg of SDG/100g diet (SDG) or diet added 40 mg of SDG/100g diet and 7% of flaxseed oil (OLSDG). SDG and OLSDG dams showed hyperprolactinemia. The OLSDG milk had lower lactose and protein, while the SDG milk had lower protein on the 14th day of lactation. At 14 days, OLSDG male and female pups showed lower body mass, SDG and OLSDG male pups had hypoprolactinemia and lower body fat mass, but higher visceral fat mass (VFM) and hypertriglyceridemia. At 21 days, male SDG and OLSDG presented hypotriglyceridemia. At 14 days, SDG and OLSDG female offspring showed higher serum 17-β estradiol (E2); OLSDG presented hypercholesterolemia and SDG presented hypertriglyceridemia. At 21 days, SDG and OLSDG female pups showed hypotriglyceridemia and OLSDG shower lower E2. Both maternal treatments changes maternal metabolism as well as hormonal and biochemical parameters of the offspring, which are gender-dependent. Maternal hyperprolactinemia may act as an imprint factor responsible for the hormonal and metabolic changes observed in the pups.

  6. Observed Changes in Some Biochemical Parameters After Magnetic Field Exposure to 1,5 Tesla

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    Turan Akdağ

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Aim: In daily life, individuals are exposed to electromagnetic contamination at different levels. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI is a radiodiagnostic imaging technique using non-ionizing radiofrequency radiation. Considering possible adverse effects of magnetic fields may occur at long time, complications are difficult to determined earlier. Therefore, the effects of MRI on some biochemical parameters were evaluated before and after MRI.Material and Method: In the present study, applying for MRI and with no systemic disorders, total 40 volunteers between the ages of 25-45 were enrolled. Blood samples were investigated before and after MRI, and subjects were exposed to magnetic field of 1.5 T for 30 min. Blood samples were soon centrifuged and studied in terms of the levels of serum Ca, Fe, Fe binding, triglyceride, cholesterol, TT3, TT4, free T3, free T4, TSH, ferritin, insulin, lipase, HDL, LDL and glucose. Results: In the study, levels of Ca, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, TT3, Fe, Fe binding, lipase, TSH and insulin after MRI were found to be lower than those before the procedure. This changs was observed to be statistically significant(P<0.05, and the difference related to levels of LDL, glukoz, ferritin, Free T3, Free T and TT4 were found to be statistically insignificant. Discussion: It was concluded that some biochemical parameters ocur after MRI, and further studies are needed to evaluate longterm consequences and biological effects and whether the changes are temporary.

  7. Effect of methanol extract of Synsepalum dulcifium pulp on some biochemical parameters in albino rats

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    Nkwocha Chinelo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the beneficial effects of the methanol extract of Synsepalum dulcificum on some biochemical parameters. Methods: In this study, rats were orally administered (gavage with methanol extracts at doses of 0 mg/kg (Group 1, as normal group, 100 mg/kg (Group 2, 200 mg/kg (Group 3 and 500 mg/kg (Group 4 body weight per day for 28 d. Results: Acute toxicity study showed that the methanol extract was not toxic to rats up to 5 000 mg/kg. From the results, the 100 mg/kg doses of the extract significantly (P<0.05 reduced serum levels of bilirubin, low density lipoprotein, alanine aminotransferase and glucose after 14 d compared with those after 28 d. A significant difference (P<0.05 was observed in the malondialdehyde and serum protein concentration in Group 4 while glucose concentration decreased significantly (P<0.05 in Group 1 and Group 4 after 14 d compared with 28 d. The high density lipoprotein significantly increased (P<0.05 in Group 3. Conclusions: The fruit has no negative effect on some biochemical parameters in albino rats.

  8. Influence of Fasciola Hepatica on Serum Biochemical Parameters and Vascular and Biliary System of Sheep Liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Hodžić

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional capacity of the liver based on the activity of specific enzymes and bilirubin in serum and also to investigate the influence of mechanical and toxic effects of Fasciola hepatica on the structures of the blood vessels and biliary tract in the sheep liver.Methods: Blood samples and liver of 63 indigenous sheep of Pramenka breed, slaughtered in the period from March to December 2009 were used. Based on parasitological findings in the liver, all animals were divided into two groups: control (n=34 and infected group (n=29. For investigation and description of pathological changes in sheep liver, naturally infected with F. hepatica, corrosion cast technique was used.Results: Biochemical analysis of tested parameters showed a significant elevation (P≤0.05 of serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT, total bilirubin (TBIL and direct bilirubin (DBIL in infected sheep group comparing with the control group. No significant differences were observed for activity of aspartate aminotranferase (AST between groups. Vascular and biliary systems of the liver were found to be affected.Conclusion: Results of biochemical analysis are consistent with pathological findings and measuring of tested parameters could be used in early diagnosis of sheep fasciolosis and to test the effectiveness of anthelmintic therapy. Corrosion cast technique is very useful for investigation of pathological changes and neoangiogenesis of vascular and biliary system in sheep liver, caused by mechanical and toxic effects of F. hepatica.

  9. Effect of aspartame on biochemical and oxidative stress parameters in rat blood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokić Marko D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aspartame (ASP is one of the most widely used nonnutritive sweeteners. This study investigates the chronic effects of ASP on hematological and biochemical parameters, and its effects on the oxidative/antioxidative status in the red blood cells of Wistar albino rats. Rats were provided with ASP (40 mg/kg/daily for six weeks in drinking water. Increased food and fluid intake was observed in the ASP-treated rats. Total body mass was significantly decreased in the ASP-treated rats. Treatment with ASP caused an increase in the concentrations of glucose, cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and in the activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, as well as a decrease in the levels of HDL-cholesterol in the serum. A significant decline in the number of white blood cells (WBC was observed after ASP uptake. Based on the results we conclude that ASP induces oxidative stress, observed as an alteration of the glutathione redox status, which leads to increased concentrations of nitric oxide (NO and lipid peroxides (LPO in the red blood cells. Changes in biochemical parameters, lipid metabolism, as well as changes in the levels of oxidative stress markers and the appearance of signs of liver damage indicate that chronic use of ASP can lead to the development of hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia and associated diseases. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173041

  10. Assessment of Hematological and Biochemical parameters with extended D-Ribose ingestion

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    Frelich Angela

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract D-ribose, a naturally occurring pentose carbohydrate, has been shown to replenish high- energy phosphates following myocardial ischemia and high intensity, repetitive exercise. Human studies have mainly involved short-term assessment, including potential toxicity. Reports describing adverse effects of D-ribose with prolonged ingestion have been lacking. Therefore, this study assessed the toxicity of extended consumption of D-ribose in healthy adults. Nineteen subjects ingested 20 grams/Day (10 grams, twice a Day of ribose with serial measurements of biochemical and hematological parameters at Days 0, 7, and 14. No significant toxic changes over the 14-day assessment period occurred in complete blood count, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyltransferase, alanine amiotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase. However, D-ribose did produce an asymptomatic, mild hypoglycemia of short duration. Uric acid levels increased at Day 7, but decreased to baseline values by Day 14. D-ribose consumption for 14 days appears not to produce significant toxic changes in both hematological and biochemical parameters in healthy human volunteers.

  11. Changes in serum mineral concentrations, biochemical and hematological parameters in horses with pica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aytekin, Ismail; Onmaz, Ali Cesur; Aypak, Serap Unubol; Gunes, Vehbi; Kucuk, Osman

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to compare hematological, some biochemical parameters, and serum trace element concentrations in horses with or without pica. Fifteen horses with pica (group I) and another 15 healthy horses without pica (group II) were used. The hematological parameters were not changed between the two groups. In group I, hemoglobin values were lower than those of group II. However, the difference in hemoglobin values between the two groups was not significant (P > 0.05). Serum iron and copper concentrations and the copper/zinc ratio were lower in group I than those of group II (P  0.05). It was concluded that serum iron and copper deficiency may play an important role for the etiology of pica in horses. Prophylactic use of iron and copper supplements in horses may be beneficial to prevent pica.

  12. Risk of prostate cancer and its correlation with different biochemical parameters in non diabetic men

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    Neha Sharma

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: It has been hypothesized that men with long term diabetes have a lower risk of prostate cancer then non-diabetic men. Whether diabetes influences level of biomarkers such as prostate specific antigen (PSA, which is involved in the detection of prostate cancer is, unknown. In view of the aforementioned controversial literature, it was decided to evaluate this relation-ship in non-diabetic men. We evaluated the correlation between fasting glucose, prostate specific antigen and different biochemical lipid profile parameters with serum uric acid and serum creatinine in non-diabetic male between age group 40-61 years. Methods: Association between fasting serum glucose , different lipid parameters, serum uric acid, serum creatinine and prostate specific antigen in 83 non-diabetic males aged 40 to 61years were studied retrospectively. Glucose and lipid parameters and serum creatinine, serum uric acid were measured on fully automated analyser using standard reagent kits. Serum prostate specific antigen was measured by TOSOH-AIA-360, immunoassay method. Results: Correlations between different biochemical parameters were determined. Prostate specific antigen were negatively correlated with HDL (r= -0.22, p= 0.03 in age group 40-61 years. At the same fasting blood sugar were correlated positively(r= 0.34, p= 0.02 with prostate specific antigen in age group 51-60 years , but not in age group 40-50 years. Conclusion: We concluded that serum HDL (high density lipoprotein was negatively associated and FBS (fasting blood sugar was positively associated with risk of prostate cancer. We also suggest that in men of this age group a low HDL level should not be ignored while assessing prostate cancer risk especially if accompanied with an elevated FBS level even in the upper normal range. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(4.000: 476-481

  13. Modeling photosynthesis of discontinuous plant canopies by linking Geometric Optical Radiative Transfer model with biochemical processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Q.; Gong, P.; Li, W.

    2015-02-01

    Modeling vegetation photosynthesis is essential for understanding carbon exchanges between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. The radiative transfer process within plant canopies is one of the key drivers that regulate canopy photosynthesis. Most vegetation cover consists of discrete plant crowns, of which the physical observation departs from the underlying assumption of a homogenous and uniform medium in classic radiative transfer theory. Here we advance the Geometric Optical Radiative Transfer (GORT) model to simulate photosynthesis activities for discontinuous plant canopies. We separate radiation absorption into two components that are absorbed by sunlit and shaded leaves, and derive analytical solutions by integrating over the canopy layer. To model leaf-level and canopy-level photosynthesis, leaf light absorption is then linked to the biochemical process of gas diffusion through leaf stomata. The canopy gap probability derived from GORT differs from classic radiative transfer theory, especially when the leaf area index is high, due to leaf clumping effects. Tree characteristics such as tree density, crown shape, and canopy length affect leaf clumping and regulate radiation interception. Modeled gross primary production (GPP) for two deciduous forest stands could explain more than 80% of the variance of flux tower measurements at both near hourly and daily time scales. We also demonstrate that the ambient CO2 concentration influences daytime vegetation photosynthesis, which needs to be considered in state-of-the-art biogeochemical models. The proposed model is complementary to classic radiative transfer theory and shows promise in modeling the radiative transfer process and photosynthetic activities over discontinuous forest canopies.

  14. Effect of gender, biochemical parameters & parathyroid surgery on gastrointestinal manifestations of symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism

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    Viral N Shah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: Information on gastrointestinal manifestations and then response after curative parathyroid surgery is scarce in symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT. This study was carried out to analyse gastrointestinal manifestations in patients with PHPT and their associations with biochemical parameters. Methods: This retrospective study included 153 patients with symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT. The signs and symptoms pertaining to gastrointestinal system were analyzed. The difference of symptoms between men and women and difference in biochemical parameters in presence of different symptoms were evaluated. The relationship between serum calcium, phosphate and parathyroid hormone (PTH levels with presence of gallstone and pancreatitis was also studied. Result: Of the 153 patients, 46 (30% were men. The mean age was 39.2 ± 13.9 yr. Nearly 80 per cent of PHPT patients had at least one symptom/ sign related to gastrointestinal system. The most common gastrointestinal manifestations were abdominal pain 66 (43%, constipation 55 (36%, and nausea/or vomiting 46 (30%. Nearly one-fourth 34 (22% of patients had a history of either gallstone disease or cholecystectomy or both. The prevalence of gallstone disease was higher in women (P<0.05. Imaging and biochemical evidence of pancreatitis was found in 27 (18% patients. Pancreatitis was more common in men compared to women (P<0.05 despite the higher prevalence of gallstones in women. Serum calcium, phosphate or PTH levels were not associated with high risk for gallstone disease, however, serum calcium (P<0.05 was associated with 1.3 times higher risk of developing pancreatitis. In majority of patients, gastrointestinal manifestations resolved within three months of curative parathyroidectomy. Except two patients, none had recurrence of pancreatitis. Interpretation & conclusions: The study revealed that the gastrointestinal symptoms were common in patients with

  15. Establishment of reference interval for liver specific biochemical parameters in apparently healthy north Indian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Dharamveer; Mishra, Sandhya; Gupta, Monika; John, P J; Sharma, Praveen

    2013-01-01

    Reference intervals (RI) are the most common decision support tool used for interpretation of numerical laboratory reports. The quality of the RI can play as large a role in result interpretation as the quality of the result itself. As such there is hardly any study examining RI for liver specific biochemical parameters in Indian population especially north Indians having drastically different food habits as compared to rest of the India. So there is a need to establish the RI for north Indian population. Present study was conducted on 2,021 apparently healthy individuals of north Indian origin ranging in age from 15-60 years, were selected randomly using defined criteria. Lipemic, hemolysed, icteric and stored samples were also excluded adopting preanalytical criteria for rejection of sample. Non parametric methodology for determination of RI was adopted as most of the biochemical parameters included revealed non Gaussian distribution. Data were analyzed for middle 95 percentile (2.5th-97.5th percentile), median and 95 % confidence interval using SPSS software package version 10.0. The upper and the lower limit of RI (reported Vs observed) for bilirubin (0-1.2 Vs 0.30-1.30 mg/dL), serum glutamate oxaloacetate transferase (SGOT) (0-41 Vs 13-52.80 IU/L), serum glutamate pyruvate transferase (SGPT) (0-50 Vs 10-68 IU/L) showed wide variation as compared to reported standard RI however Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) (0-50 Vs 5.00-50.60 IU/L) remained within the reported standard RI. Further gender wise evaluation revealed higher cutoff in males (AST 14-55, ALT 11-70.35, GGT 6.76-51.09 in IU/L, bilirubin (0.40-1.34 mg/dL) as compared to females (SGOT 13-50.43, SGPT 9-63.43, GGT 3.92-48.70 in IU/L, Bilirubin 0.30-1.20 mg/dL) for both enzymatic and non enzymatic biochemical parameters. The variations may be attributed to dietary pattern smoking and alcoholism.

  16. Changes in biochemical parameters on the first day after kidney transplantation: risk factors for nosocomial infection?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Yi; REN Liang; ZHANG Yong; LIU Hang; CAO Bin; ZHANG Xiao-dong

    2010-01-01

    Background Nosocomial infection in early post-transplantation period is a tough problem for kidney transplantation. Few reports have explored the relations between biochemical parameters and nosocomial infection in kidney transplantation. This retrospective study was carried out to describe the characteristics of nosocomial infection in the very early period of kidney transplantation and to determine the risk factors in biochemical parameters and their alterations. Methods Patients who underwent their first kidney transplantation from January 2001 to March 2009 in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital were recruited and the nosocomial infectious episodes were collected for this study. Gender, age, donor type, delayed graft function (DGF) and biochemical parameters such as serum uric acid, lipids files and albumin on day 0 (before transplantation) and day 1 (24 hours after transplantation) and their changes were analyzed with Logistic regression models for nosocomial infection. Results A total of 405 patients (315 men and 90 women) were involved in this study. There were 80 patients experiencing 113 infection episodes and 105 strains of microorganism were indentified. In univariate analysis, there were significant differences in DGF, albumin on day 0, lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) on day 1, change in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C, day 1-day 0) and change in uric acid (day 1-day 0) between nosocomial infection patients and noninfectious patients (P<0.05). In multivariate analysis, change in uric acid (day 1-day 0) (Off 5.139, 95% Cl 1.176-22.465, P<0.05), change in LDL-C (day 1-day 0) {OR4.179, 95% Cl 1.375-12.703, P<0.05) and DGF (Of? 14.409, 95% Cl 1.603-129.522, P<0.05) were identified as independent risk factors for nosocomial infection in kidney transplantation. Conclusions Most nosocomial infections in early postoperative period of kidney transplantation are bacterial, especially with Gram-negative bacteria. The most common infection sites are respiratory tract

  17. NOVEL INVESTIGATIONS ON THUJA OCCIDENTALIS EXTRACT ON RABBIT HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS

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    Mansoor Ahmad

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Thuja occidentalis (family: Cupressaceae has been used as antiseptic, expectorant, diuretic and in the treatment of cancer and removal of kidney stones in different systems of medicine. The present studies were carried out on T. occidentalis leaves extract to evaluate the hematological and biochemical effects on rabbits. The animals were divided in to control (A and B and treated (C and D male and female groups (n=5. There was a slight decrease in Hemoglobin, Red blood cell count and Hematocrit/Packed cell volume values, while a significant increase in platelet count was observed in male and female treated groups. However, slight increase in total leukocyte count value in male treated group and decrease count with female treated group was also observed. Urea, Creatine phospho kinase, Creatine phospho kinase iso-enzyme, Direct Bilirubin, Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, Cholesterol and Albumin/Globulin ratio values were elevated in male treated group. While Phosphorus, Uric acid, Lactate dehydrogenase, Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, Alkaline Phosphatase, Cholesterol, Triglycerides, High density lipoprotein, Low density lipoprotein, Very-low-density lipoprotein, Globulin and Blood Glucose values were found low. In female treated group almost same results were observed like male treated group except that hypoglycemic effect was more pronounced in female treated group. These findings suggested that when results of hematological and biochemical parameters of test groups (C & D were compared with their respective controls (A & B, significant changes were observed which contributes towards the diversified therapeutic effect of T. occidentalis.

  18. Variations of clinical biochemical parameters of laying hens and broiler chickens fed aflatoxin-containing feed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, A; Verde, M T; Gascon, M; Ramos, J; Gomez, J; Luco, D F; Chavez, G

    1994-03-01

    Two groups of 32 laying hens (Hyssex Brown) and two groups of 32 23-day-old (Hybro) broiler chickens were fed 2.5 and 5 parts/10(6) of aflatoxin in their diet for 4, 8, 16 and 32 days; 16 hens and 32 chicks were maintained as control groups (0 parts/10(6)). After the intoxication period, a clearance period was established of 1, 2, 4 and 8 days. Relative weights of liver and kidneys significantly increased in intoxicated hens, but not in broiler chickens. Histological lesions in both types of bird consisted of hepatic cell vacuolation with fatty infiltration. There was a significant decrease (Phens, cholesterol levels were not significantly (P> 0.05) different from control values, but triglyceride levels decreased (PAST) serum levels remained normal, whereas alanino aminotransferase (ALT) activity decreased in both intoxicated groups. The activity of serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and gammaglutamil transferase (GGT) increased significantly. In intoxicated broiler chickens, aflatoxins did not alter (P> 0.05) the biochemical parameters studied, except that the serum calcium concentration was lower in the 5 parts/10(6) group. These data indicated that in intoxicated laying hens, a severe clinical biochemical alteration was produced, and that this together with the hepatic lesions observed in hens and broilers may aid disease diagnosis.

  19. Haematological and biochemical blood parameters in horses used for sport and recreation

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    Katarzyna BURLIKOWSKA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine and compare the resting values of haematological and biochemical blood indices in clinically healthy horses competing in show jumping and used for leisure activities. The experiment included twenty adult horses of Polish half-bred andWielkopolska breed which were subjected to a daily training programme typical of their type of use. Blood samples were collected at rest before feeding from the jugular external vein. Show jumpers had higher (P<0.05 red blood cell count, haematocrit value and haemoglobin concentration as well as the serum level of total protein, albumin, α2- and γ-globulin, HDL and iron. The level of β- globulin, magnesium and activity of creatine kinase were significantly higher in recreationally used horses. There were no differences in the values of red blood cell parameters (MCV, MCH, MCHC, number of leucocytes and the percentage of their respective kinds, platelets, concentration of urea, creatinine, glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL, activity of AST, ALT, LDH and in the content of Na, K, Cl, P, Ca between the tested groups. The results of the present study indicate that the type of training influences some of the resting haematological and biochemical indices in adult horses. Horses used for show jumping have higher aerobic capacity and show a more beneficial lipid profile compared to horses used for recreation.

  20. Dietary effects of Spirulina platensis on hematological and serum biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

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    Yeganeh, Sakineh; Teimouri, Mahdi; Amirkolaie, Abdolsamad Keramat

    2015-08-01

    This study evaluated the effects of diets containing 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% of Spirulina platensis on hematological and serum biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish (n=180; 101±8 g) were randomly divided into fifteen 300 L fiberglass tanks in triplicates for a period of ten weeks. The RBC, WBC, hemoglobin, total protein and albumin levels increased significantly in the groups supplemented with S. platensis. Dietary inclusion of S. platensis had no significant effects on hematocrit, cholesterol, triglyceride and lactate of the blood. HDL-cholesterol was larger in rainbow trout fed 10% S. platensis in comparison with the other diets, whereas LDL-cholesterol significantly decreased with increasing of S. platensis inclusion. Cortisol and glucose significantly decreased with increasing of S. platensis inclusion. The present results demonstrate that inclusion of 10% S. platensis can be introduced as an immunostimulant in rainbow trout diets.

  1. Correlation between biochemical parameters and susceptibility of freshwater fish to malathion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li Shao-Non; Fan De-Fang

    1996-07-01

    Acute toxicity (96-h LC50) of malathion was tested using five species of freshwater fish, namely, topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva), goldfish (Carassius auratus), nile tilapia (Tilapia nilotica), mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis), and rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Correlation was found between susceptibility and biochemical parameters such as activity of brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and in vitro resistance of the enzyme to inhibition (IC50) of malaoxon (a major metabolite of malathion). The in vitro study also showed that malaoxon instead of malathion was the main inhibitor of AChE. Susceptibility to malathion was considerably changed as the fish was pretreated with piperonyl butoxide (PB, a P-450 inhibitor) and triphenyl phosphate (TPP, an inhibitor of carboxylesterase), respectively. Toxicity of malathion was significantly increased by TPP, but the responses of fish to PB were quite different among species. This suggested that both carboxylesterase and monooxygenase played an important role in susceptibility determination, and great variations existed among species in activity of monooxygenase.

  2. Comparison of biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) reared in two different trout farms'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatas, Tayfun

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to compare biochemical parameters of cultured rainbow trouts (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum, 1972) reared in two different trout farms' (Agri and Erzurum). The average weights of fish were 150±10gr for first station (Agri), 230±10gr for second station (Erzurum). Fishes used in research were randomly caught from pools, and fifteen pieces were used for each group. Fishes were fed with commercial trout feed with 45-50% crude protein twice a day. The levels of AST, ALT, LDL, total cholesterol and triglyceride in the second station (Erzurum) were found to be higher (pHDL in the second station (Erzurum) were found to be lower (pHDL, LDL, triglyceride may be associated with size, sex, sexual maturity and environmental conditions (temperature, pH, hardness and dissolved oxygen).

  3. Study of Some Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Fry

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    Salman Rauoof CHALKOO

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was done to investigate of some hematological and biochemical factors of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss fry in Kashmir. About 50 pools of blood samples from diseased fry were collected within 30 months from November 2008 till March 2011 from three hatchery farms. In addition 30 pools of blood samples as control group were collected randomly from same farms. Each blood samples were examined for whole blood examination and blood enzymes measurement. It consist of total leukocytes (WBC and erythrocytes counts (RBC, hemoglobin (Hb content, hematocrits (PCV, leukocytes differential count and blood indices such as MCV, MCH and MCHC. Also blood serums were analysed for total protein (TP and blood enzymes. All the calculations were made using the SPSS© and t-test statistical method. In hematological findings nine parameters were revealed significant differences (P

  4. Modeling photosynthesis of discontinuous plant canopies by linking Geometric Optical Radiative Transfer model with biochemical processes

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    Q. Xin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Modeling vegetation photosynthesis is essential for understanding carbon exchanges between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. The radiative transfer process within plant canopies is one of the key drivers that regulate canopy photosynthesis. Most vegetation cover consists of discrete plant crowns, of which the physical observation departs from the underlying assumption of a homogenous and uniform medium in classic radiative transfer theory. Here we advance the Geometric Optical Radiative Transfer (GORT model to simulate photosynthesis activities for discontinuous plant canopies. We separate radiation absorption into two components that are absorbed by sunlit and shaded leaves, and derive analytical solutions by integrating over the canopy layer. To model leaf-level and canopy-level photosynthesis, leaf light absorption is then linked to the biochemical process of gas diffusion through leaf stomata. The canopy gap probability derived from GORT differs from classic radiative transfer theory, especially when the leaf area index is high, due to leaf clumping effects. Tree characteristics such as tree density, crown shape, and canopy length affect leaf clumping and regulate radiation interception. Modeled gross primary production (GPP for two deciduous forest stands could explain more than 80% of the variance of flux tower measurements at both near hourly and daily time scales. We also demonstrate that the ambient CO2 concentration influences daytime vegetation photosynthesis, which needs to be considered in state-of-the-art biogeochemical models. The proposed model is complementary to classic radiative transfer theory and shows promise in modeling the radiative transfer process and photosynthetic activities over discontinuous forest canopies.

  5. Correlation between serum adiponectin and clinical characteristics, biochemical parameters in Indian women with polycystic ovary syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramanand, Sunita J.; Ramanand, Jaiprakash B.; Ghongane, Balasaheb B.; Patwardhan, Milind H.; Patwardhan, Varsha M.; Ghanghas, Ravi; Halasawadekar, Nimish R.; Patil, Praveenkumar

    2014-01-01

    Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder. PCOS women are at a high risk for insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MS). Adiponectin is positively related to insulin sensitivity. It has a preventive role in atherogenesis and MS. The present work was conducted to study the correlation between serum adiponectin levels and clinical characteristics and biochemical parameters in PCOS patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective study in 49 newly diagnosed (as per Rotterdam criteria) Indian PCOS women was conducted. PCOS women were clinically examined and investigated for biochemical parameters. Results: The mean serum adiponectin was 12 ± 9.4 μg/mL (range 0.47-45). Hypoadiponectinemia (serum adiponectin <4 μg/mL) was present in 22% patients. Age and adiponectin correlated significantly and inversely (r = −0.42, P = 0.027). Overweight/obese patients had lower mean adiponectin levels than normal weight (11.62 ± 9.5 vs 13.58 ± 9.5, P = 0.56). It was significantly lower in patients with acanthosis nigricans (AN) as compared with those without AN (8.4 ± 5.9 vs 15 ± 11, P = 0.038). Hirsute patients showed lower mean adiponectin levels than nonhirsute (10 ± 7.3 vs 13 ± 10, P = 0.57). A positive, insignificant correlation was observed between serum adiponectin and cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), thyroid stimulating hormone, levels. A negative insignificant correlation existed between serum adiponectin and luteinizing hormone (LH), LH: FSH ratio, prolactin, dehydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, and Homeostasis Model Assessment. Conclusion: Hypoadiponectinemia is present in one-fifth of women with PCOS. Adiponectin levels decrease as age advances. Low levels of adiponectin possibly contributes to the development of dermal manifestation (AN) of insulin resistance. PMID:24741521

  6. Assessment of hydrodynamics, biochemical parameters and eddy diffusivity in a semi-enclosed Ionian basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Serio, Francesca; Mossa, Michele

    2016-11-01

    In the framework of the Italian flagship Project RITMARE, during December 2013 a meteo-oceanographic station was installed in the Mar Grande basin, a semi-enclosed bay in Southern Italy, connected to the Ionian Sea. Due to the presence of coastal heavy industry and anthropic pressure, this marine system has experienced environmental degradation over the last decades. Therefore, much monitoring of hydrodynamics and water quality indicators is required. In fact, this monitoring makes it possible to check the real-time biochemical status of the basin and therefore promptly intervene when accidental spills occur, and to create a dataset necessary to calibrate and validate modelling systems providing forecasts. The present paper aims to analyze and discuss the long term and continuous recordings of hydrodynamic and biochemical data collected by this station, available for the period from January 2014 up to December 2014. In detail, hourly measurements of wind, waves, current velocity, water temperature, salinity, chlorophyll and turbidity concentrations were archived in monthly time-series and processed in frequency domain, using the FFT (Fast Fourier Transform), to both delineate the reciprocal effects of drivers and deduce some correlations between parameters (De Serio and Mossa, 2013). Following this, monthly surface current data were processed in order to obtain time-averaged values of the turbulent velocity components, turbulent kinetic energy and turbulent time scales. Based on these calculated turbulent parameters, the horizontal eddy diffusivity was computed with the hypothesis of homogeneous turbulence using two methods, which provided results with the same order of magnitude. These results are of interest for numerical dispersion models. Finally, only referring to the month of December 2014, the time series of the crude oil concentration was available at the station and was examined in depth. The field data enabled us to conclude that the crude oil dispersion

  7. Correlation between serum adiponectin and clinical characteristics, biochemical parameters in Indian women with polycystic ovary syndrome

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    Sunita J Ramanand

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS is a common disorder. PCOS women are at a high risk for insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MS. Adiponectin is positively related to insulin sensitivity. It has a preventive role in atherogenesis and MS. The present work was conducted to study the correlation between serum adiponectin levels and clinical characteristics and biochemical parameters in PCOS patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective study in 49 newly diagnosed (as per Rotterdam criteria Indian PCOS women was conducted. PCOS women were clinically examined and investigated for biochemical parameters. Results : The mean serum adiponectin was 12 ± 9.4 μg/mL (range 0.47-45. Hypoadiponectinemia (serum adiponectin <4 μg/mL was present in 22% patients. Age and adiponectin correlated significantly and inversely (r = −0.42, P = 0.027. Overweight/obese patients had lower mean adiponectin levels than normal weight (11.62 ± 9.5 vs 13.58 ± 9.5, P = 0.56. It was significantly lower in patients with acanthosis nigricans (AN as compared with those without AN (8.4 ± 5.9 vs 15 ± 11, P = 0.038. Hirsute patients showed lower mean adiponectin levels than nonhirsute (10 ± 7.3 vs 13 ± 10, P = 0.57. A positive, insignificant correlation was observed between serum adiponectin and cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH, thyroid stimulating hormone, levels. A negative insignificant correlation existed between serum adiponectin and luteinizing hormone (LH, LH: FSH ratio, prolactin, dehydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, and Homeostasis Model Assessment. Conclusion: Hypoadiponectinemia is present in one-fifth of women with PCOS. Adiponectin levels decrease as age advances. Low levels of adiponectin possibly contributes to the development of dermal manifestation (AN of insulin resistance.

  8. Sublethal effects of an organophosphorus insecticide (RPR-II) on biochemical parameters of tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkateswara Rao, J

    2006-08-01

    The effect of exposure to sublethal concentrations (0.017 mg L(-1), 1/10 of LC50) of the novel organophosphate (OP) insecticide, 2-butenoic acid-3-(diethoxyphosphinothioyl) methyl ester (RPR-II) on biochemical parameters in Oreochromis mossambicus was studied during exposure for 3, 7, 15, 30 and its recovery response after seven days. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity of brain, gill and muscle was inhibited by 67%, 77% and 73% respectively on day-30. The plasma and kidney alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT) activity increased, while decreases were observed in gill and liver. Increases in acid phosphatase (AcP), and alkaline phosphatase (AP) activities were observed in plasma, gill, and kidney, and reductions of 20% and 61% in liver AcP and AP, respectively. Depletion of glycogen was observed in all tissues, an indication of typical stress related response of the fish with pesticide. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity decreased in liver and muscle, indicating tissue damage but a significant increase in LDH activity in gill and brain was observed. Depletion of glutathione (GSH) was observed in all tissues, thereby enhancing lipid peroxidation resulting in cell damage. The induction in hepatic glutathione-S-transferase (GST) levels indicates protection against the toxicity of xenobiotic-induced lipid peroxidation. There was a significant recovery in the above biochemical parameters, in all tissues of fish after a recovery period of seven days. These results revealed that the OP insecticide RPR-II is highly toxic and affects the intermediary metabolism of O. mossambicus.

  9. THE EFFECTS OF VEGETABLE LECITHIN ON SOME SANGUINE BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS AT LACTATING SHEEP AND GOATS

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    D. DRINCEANU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available From a complex experiment of establishing the effects of lecithin supplemented in the diet of small ruminants, in this paper we present the influence of lecithin on some sanguine biochemical parameters at lactating sheep and goat. The researches were made on a experimental group formed by 5 sheep from łurcana breed and 5 goats from Crapatina breed, which were fed in the first experimental period with a base ratio (Br formed by 1.5 kg of hill hay and 0.2 kg concentrate forage mixture, in the second experimental period the Br was supplemented with 100 g lecithin/day/animal. At the end of each experimental period were taken blood samples to establish some biochemical parameters from sanguine serum. The supplementation of base ration with 100 g lecithin/day/animal at lactating sheep and goats did not produced significant changes to values of total proteins (TS, albumin, creatinine, urea and total bilirubins (TB from sanguine serum. Contrary to expectation the cholesterol and triglycerides were higher than normal both in sheep (from 82 mg/dl to 83 mg/dl for cholesterol and from 23 mg/dl to 45 mg/dl for triglycerides but specially in goats (from 59 mg/dl to 68 mg/dl for cholesterol and from 24 mg/dl to 55 mg/dl for triglycerides. Were registered significant increment of activity of alkaline phosphatase and in γ – GT and a decrease of plasmatic activity of pancreatic α-amylase both in sheep and goats.

  10. Blood biochemical parameters in male American mink (Neovison vison before and during the breeding season

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    Bogdan Lasota

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at selected blood biochemical parameters in the male American mink before (September-November and during the breeding (January-March season. Blood from 143 Black and Sapphire male mink at one year age was collected. The plasma was assayed for the concentration of glucose, total protein, cholesterol, HDL and LDL fractions, triacylglycerides (TG, and the activity of ALT and AST. Concentrations of glucose, protein, total and HDL/LDL cholesterol, and AST activity were generally slightly higher during the breeding season than during the non-breeding season, but remained within the reference range. In the case of ALT activity and TG concentration, the relations were reversed. The parameters studied in the Sapphire mink showed greater variation, both in- and out of the season. In Black and Sapphire males of the American mink, the studied parameters revealed slightly higher values during the breeding season than the non-breeding season. This will vary depending on the color variety. The decrease in TG concentration during the breeding season may indicate an increased energy demand due to ambient temperature falls, and/or may be a sign of increased energy consumption associated with physical exertion during mating. Consideration should be given to the nutrition of male mink during the breeding season.

  11. Changes in growth, photosynthetic activities, biochemical parameters and amino acid profile of Thompson Seedless grapes (Vitis vinifera L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somkuwar, R G; Bahetwar, Anita; Khan, I; Satisha, J; Ramteke, S D; Itroutwar, Prerna; Bhongale, Aarti; Oulkar, Dashrath

    2014-11-01

    The study on photosynthetic activity and biochemical parameters in Thompson Seedless grapes grafted on Dog Ridge rootstock and its impact on growth, yield and amino acid profile at various stages of berry development was conducted during the year 2012-2013. Leaf and berry samples from ten year old vines of Thompson Seedless were collected at different growth and berry developmental stages. The analysis showed difference in photosynthetic activity, biochemical parameters and amino acid status with the changes in berry development stage. Higher photosynthetic rate of 17.39 umol cm(-2) s(-1) was recorded during 3-4mm berry size and the lowest (10.08 umol cm(-2) s(-1)) was recorded during the veraison stage. The photosynthetic activity showed gradual decrease with the onset of harvest while the different biochemical parameters showed increase and decrease from one stage to another in both berry and leaves. Changes in photosynthetic activity and biochemical parameters thereby affected the growth, yield and amino acid content of the berry. Positive correlation of leaf area and photosynthetic rate was recorded during the period of study. Reducing sugar (352.25 mg g(-1)) and total carbohydrate (132.52 mg g(-1)) was more in berries as compared to leaf. Amino acid profile showed variations in different stages of berry development. Marked variations in photosynthetic as well as biochemical and amino acid content at various berry development stages was recorded and thereby its cumulative effect on the development of fruit quality.

  12. The effects of Cosmos caudatus (Ulam Raja) supplementation on bone biochemical parameters in ovariectomized rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Norazlina; Yin, Chai Mei; Shuid, Ahmad Nazrun; Muhammad, Norliza; Babji, Abdul Salam; Soelaiman, Ima Nirwana

    2013-09-01

    Cosmos caudatus (ulam raja) contains high mineral content and possesses high antioxidant activity which may be beneficial in bone disorder such as postmenopausal osteoporosis. The effects of C. caudatus on bone metabolism biomarkers in ovariectomized rats were studied. 48 Sprague-Dawley rats aged three months were divided into 6 groups. One group of rats was sham-operated while the remaining rats were ovariectomized. The ovariectomized rats were further divided into 5 groups: the control, three groups force-fed with C. caudatus at the doses of 100mg/kg, 200mg/kg or 300mg/kg and another group supplemented with calcium 1% ad libitum. Treatments were given 6 days per week for a period of eight weeks. Blood samples were collected twice; before and after treatment. Parameters measured were bone resorbing cytokine; interleukin-1 and the bone biomarkers; osteocalcin and pyridinoline. Serum IL-1 and pyridinoline levels were significantly increased in ovariectomized rats. Supplementation of C. caudatus was able to prevent the increase of IL-1 and pyridinoline in ovariectomized rats. Besides that, C. caudatus showed the same effect as calcium 1% on biochemical parameters of bone metabolism in ovariectomized rats. In conclusion, Cosmos caudatus was as effective as calcium in preventing the increase in bone resorption in ovariectomized rats.

  13. Women with metabolic syndrome improve antrophometric and biochemical parameters with green banana flour consumption

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    Sandra Tavares da Silva

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Consumption of green banana flour (GBF may promote health benefits, such as, decreased appetite, weight loss, glycemic control, intestinal function and lipid profile improvement, aging delay, cancer and heart disease prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of green banana flour consumption on anthropometric and biochemical parameters in overweight women. Methods: The glycemic index of flour in the study was determined. The effects of consumption of 20 g of green banana flour/day on weight, body mass index (BMI, blood pressure, waist and hip circumference, body composition, hemoglobin, lipid profile, glucose, insulin, insulin resistance, liver function and energy intake were evaluated in 25 overweight women for 45 days. Results: The glycemic index of the flour under study was classified as low. Reduction (p < 0.05 in systolic blood pressure, hip circumference and fasting glucose levels were found in women who had metabolic syndrome criteria. Conclusions: Consumption of green banana flour (20 g/day for 45 days did not promote weight loss or changes in body composition in overweight women. It was noted, however, decreased hip circumference. Significant health parameter improvements were also noted in individuals with metabolic syndrome, which showed a reduction in systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose.

  14. Investigation of liver tissue and biochemical parameters of adult wistar rats treated with Arctium lappa L.

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    Fabrícia Souza Predes

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of Arctium lappa L. (burdock on the liver of adult male Wistar rats as measured by light microscopy and biochemical parameters. The rats received the extract in water bottles at doses of 10 or 20 g/L daily for 40 days. There were no significant changes in the plasma levels of albumin, aspartate transaminase (AST, alanine transaminase (ALT, gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT, total protein, total cholesterol, urea, uric acid, triacylglycerol, calcium, phosphorus, chlorine and direct bilirubin. The morphological analysis did not reveal histopathological alterations in liver tissue. Both biochemical and morphological data did not indicate A. lappa toxicity.A bardana (Arctium lappa L é uma planta trazida do Japão e aclimatada no Brasil, e é extensamente utilizada na medicina popular em todo mundo. Este estudo foi realizado para avaliar os possíveis efeitos da A. lappa no fígado e nos parâmetros bioquímicos plasmáticos em ratos Wistar adultos. Estes receberam a infusão de bardana nas doses de 10 ou 20 g de folhas secas /L de água, por 40 dias. Não houve alteração significativa nos níveis plasmáticos de albumina, aspartato transaminase (AST, alanina transaminase (ALT, gamma glutamil transferase (GGT, proteínas totais, colesterol total, uréia, ácido úrico, triglicérides, cálcio, fósforo, bilirrubina direta e cloro. A análise morfológica não revelou alterações histopatológicas no fígado. Os dados bioquímicos e morfológicos não indicaram a toxicidade da bardana.

  15. Investigation of some hematological and blood biochemical parameters in cattle spontaneously infected with bovine leukosis virus

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    Sandev Nikolay

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to follow out the alterations in some haematological and blood biochemical parameters in cattle spontaneously infected with enzootic bovine leukosis virus with regard to the invivodifferentiation of bovine leukosis stages. The experiment included 76 cows at various ages and body weight. Serological leukosis tests were done by agar-gel immunodiffusion test with a commercial kit of Synbiotiсs (France, containing standardised gp 51 antigen and positive serum approved by the EU. On the basis of haematological results, the cows were divided into three groups: first group – EBL-seropositive with normal haemogramme; second group – EBL seropositive with altered haemogramme and third group – controls. In cows from the first and the second group, a statistically significantly increased blood cell counts was established compared to healthy controls. The total WBC were increased in the second group (leukocytosis up to 33.21×109/l vs reference range of 5-10×109/l as well as lymphocyte percentages (lymphocytosis – 81.89% (reference 40–63%. A reduction in the proportion of neutrophils to 12.78% (relative neutropenia vs the reference range of 22-49% and monocytes (monocytopenia to 1.78% (reference range 2–6% was observed. A statistically significant reduction in Ca concentrations (4.41 mg/dl and higher inorganic phosphate levels (5.28 mg/dl were established in cows from the second group. Also, ASAT activity was considerably lower – 47.03 U/l, while alkaline phosphatase increased slightly within the reference range up to 167.68 U/l and 165.81 U/l in groups one and two, respectively. The present haematological and whole blood/serum biochemical results in cows spontaneously infected with EBL virus could be used as prognostic markers of the course of the disease, to distinguish the stages of infection with regard to alive diagnostics.

  16. Assessment of hemato-biochemical parameters on exposure to low level of deltamethrin in mouse model

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    Anita Tewari

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: In this study, sub-acute toxicity of deltamethrin on hematological and biochemical blood parameters of male albino Swiss mice was evaluated. Materials and Methods: Generally, the maximum permissible residue level (MRL of deltamethrin for food products lies between 0.01 to 0.5 mg/kg body weight. So the mice were exposed orally with two doses of pesticide i.e. 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg body weight. The doses were given on a daily basis for a period of 15 days and 30 days respectively. Ground nut oil was used as control treatment. Samples of blood were collected at the end of the treatment. Hepatotoxicity was evaluated by quantitative analysis of the serum enzymes alanine transaminase (ALT, aspartate transaminase (AST, alkaline phosphatase (ALKP, total bilirubin (TBIL and serum urea. Alterations of hematological parameters were analysed by total leukocyte, differential leukocyte count and hemoglobin levels. Results: Significant increase in the levels of hepatic enzymes (ALT, AST, ALKP were observed for both doses, but no considerable differences were found by histological analysis. The hematological parameters showed significant alterations for 0.5 mg/kg body weight dose which is indicated by leukocytosis, lymphocytosis and neutropenia in long duration study. Conclusions: The results indicated that even very low dose of deltamethrin can promote hematological and hepatic alterations. Thus it is imperative to do further studies on the detrimental effect of the low levels of pyrethroid commonly present in our food, which further necessitate the reduction of maximum permissible levels of residual synthetic pyrethroid levels in foods and feed.

  17. Intrahippocampal Infusion of Crotamine Isolated from Crotalus durissus terrificus Alters Plasma and Brain Biochemical Parameters

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    Rithiele Gonçalves

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Crotamine is one of the main constituents of the venom of the South American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus. Here we sought to investigate the inflammatory and toxicological effects induced by the intrahippocampal administration of crotamine isolated from Crotalus whole venom. Adult rats received an intrahippocampal infusion of crotamine or vehicle and were euthanized 24 h or 21 days after infusion. Plasma and brain tissue were collected for biochemical analysis. Complete blood count, creatinine, urea, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT, glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT, creatine-kinase (CK, creatine kinase-muscle B (CK-MB and oxidative parameters (assessed by DNA damage and micronucleus frequency in leukocytes, lipid peroxidation and protein carbonyls in plasma and brain were quantified. Unpaired and paired t-tests were used for comparisons between saline and crotamine groups, and within groups (24 h vs. 21 days, respectively. After 24 h crotamine infusion promoted an increase of urea, GOT, GPT, CK, and platelets values (p ≤ 0.01, while red blood cells, hematocrit and leukocytes values decreased (p ≤ 0.01. Additionally, 21 days after infusion crotamine group showed increased creatinine, leukocytes, TBARS (plasma and brain, carbonyl (plasma and brain and micronucleus compared to the saline-group (p ≤ 0.01. Our findings show that crotamine infusion alter hematological parameters and cardiac markers, as well as oxidative parameters, not only in the brain, but also in the blood, indicating a systemic pro-inflammatory and toxicological activity. A further scientific attempt in terms of preserving the beneficial activity over toxicity is required.

  18. Effect of Different Protein Levels On Nutrient Digestion Metabolism and Serum Biochemical Parameters in Calves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Hui; DIAO Qi-yu; ZHANG Nai-feng; TU Yan; WANG Ji-feng

    2008-01-01

    The current study has been performed to examine the effects of different dietary protein levels on the growth,nutrient digestion and absorption,as well as biochemical parameters in calves.Nine healthy newborn calves were selected,randomly divided into 3 groups and fed 3 milk replacers with different protein levels(18,22,and 26%),respectively.Five period-digestion-metabolism trials were taken between 12-20,22-30,32-40,42-50,and 52-60 days after birth.All 3 groups showed a similar growth curve during 11 to 61 experimental days,however,the growth rate of the 22%crude protein(CP) group was 8.89%higher than that of the 18%CP group and 19.48%higher than that of the 26%CP group.respectively. The apparent digestibility of dry material(DM)declined gradually with age,whereas,the apparent digestibility of N,extract ether(EE)rose slightly.Compared to the 22%CP and 26%CP group,calves fed with 18%CP apparently had a lower digestibility than DM,EE,and nitrogen(N).The average apparent digestibilities of N were 69.39,75.36,and 74.55%, respectively.Both the apparent digestibility and retention of calcium(Ca)and phosphorus(P)were steady throughout the experiment,but the average apparent digestibility of P in the 26%CP group was only 63.83%,which was markedly lower than that of the 18%CP group(70.40%)and 22%CP group(69.73%).In addition,the sernm concentrations of total protein(TP),albumin(ALB),and globulin(GLOB)of the 22%CP group were higher than those in the 18%CP and 26%CP groups.The urea N(BUN)content in the 18%CP group,on the other hand,was significantly lower than that of the other two groups.The highest glucose(GLU)concentration was found in the 22%CP group(5.38 mmol L-1),at the end of the trials.The protein levels in the milk replacer affected the digestion metabolism of nutrition and the serum biochemical parameters of calves at different physiological phases.Calves fed with 22%CP milk replacer had a better growth performance than the other groups.

  19. Field-effect-based multifunctional hybrid sensor module for the determination of both (bio-)chemical and physical parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoening, Michael J.; Poghossian, Arshak; Schultze, J. Walter; Lueth, Hans

    2002-02-01

    Sensor systems for multi-parameter detection in fluidics usually combine different sensors, which are designed to detect either a physical or (bio-)chemical parameter. Therefore, such systems include a more complicated fabrication technology and measuring set-up. In this work, an ISFET (ion-sensitive field-effect transistor), which is well known as a (bio-)chemical sensor, is utilized as transducer for the detection of both (bio-)chemical and physical parameters. A multifunctional hybrid module for the determination of two (bio-)chemical parameters (pH, penicillin concentration) and three physical parameters (temperature, flow velocity and flow direction) using only two sensor structures, an ion generator and a reference electrode, is realized and its performance has been investigated. Here, a multifunctionality of the sensor system is achieved by means of different sensor arrangements and/or different operation modes. A Ta2O5-gate ISFET was used as transducer for all sensors. A novel time-of-flight type ISFET-based flow-velocity (flow rate) and flow-direction sensor using in-situ electrochemical generation of chemical tracers is presented. Due to the fast response of the ISFET (usually in the millisecond range), an ISFET-based flow sensor is suitable for the measurement of the flow velocity in a wide range. With regard to practical applications, pH measurements with this ISFET were performed in rain droplets.

  20. The effect of intramuscular injection of spiramycin at therapeutic dose on some blood biochemical and hematological parameters in Assaf sheep

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim M. ALZuheir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Spiramycin is used to treatment of different bacterial and protozoal infection in different animal species including sheep, to the authors’ knowledge there are no studies about effects of spiramycin in sheep blood biochemical and hematological parameters. This study was designated to determine the effects of spiramycin intramuscular treatment at therapeutic dose (64,000 IU/kg for five days in some blood biochemical and hematological parameters in healthy Assaf sheep (n=8. The results showed that spiramycin treatment caused decrease in calcium and creatinine level (PP>0.05. After treatment, hematological parameters tend to decrease toward normal references range of red blood cell count, haemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and red blood cell distribution width (PP>0.05. All the measured biochemical and hematological parameters were in the normal references range after the treatment. These results suggested that spiramycin given in therapeutic regimen to healthy Assaf sheep caused only minor inconclusive changes in the measured hematological and biochemical profiles; and thus can be used safely in treating susceptible infections in sheep. These results might be accepted as a starting point for future experiments to evaluate the effects spiramycin on the different systems and parameters.  

  1. Developmental dynamics of some blood biochemical parameters in the growing turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabó, A; Mézes, M; Horn, P; Süto, Z; Bázár, Gy; Romvári, R

    2005-01-01

    Blood serum clinical biochemical parameters of fasted BUT Big 8 male turkeys were determined at the ages of 3 days, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks, for a follow-up of the developmental changes of some serum metabolites, enzymes and ions. The serum protein content (total protein, albumin, globulin) increased with age, indicating also the moulting-associated metabolic changes in the age interval from the 8th to the 12th weeks. Creatinine was shown to have a peak at 3 days of age (role of muscle activity in thermogenesis), while urate concentration sensitively reflected the dietary protein amount. Serum triglycerides peaked at the time of yolk catabolism, while cholesterol was shown to indicate the moulting, as was serum malondialdehyde. Serum sodium content increased throughout the study. Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities increased along the ontogeny, while alkaline phosphatase activity decreased in parallel with the growth. Serum creatine kinase activity showed an over one-magnitude increase. General metabolic and enzymatic alterations were characteristic and applicable for the description of the ontogenetic development of a precocial (post-hatch triglyceride peak), large bodied, meat-type (lactate dehydrogenase, continuously increasing creatine kinase) bird species.

  2. Effect of cytisine on some brain and hepatic biochemical parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simeonova, Rumyana; Vitcheva, Vessela; Mitcheva, Mitka

    2010-03-01

    Tobacco smoking is a risk factor for variety of cardio-vascular diseases, such as hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke and many others. It is of great importance for hypertensive patients to stop smoking. One of the medicines widely used for smoking cessation in Bulgaria is the original Bulgarian product Tabex®, which is developed on the basis of natural plant alkaloid cytisine. The aim of the following study was to ivestigate the effects of cytisine on some brain and hepatic biochemical parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), an widely used rodent model for human essential hypertension, and to compare the obtained results with their age-matched normotensive controls Wistar Kyoto (WKY). Multiple cytisine administration did not affect the activity of ethylmorphine-N-demethylase (EMND) and anylinehydroxylase (AH), as well as the quantity of cytochrome P 450, nor in WKY neither in SHR In the liver cytisine increased the MDA quantity both in SHR and in WKY, by 25% (p<0.05) and by 29% (p<0.05) respectively, while the GSH level was not significantly changed by the compound in both strains. In contrast, on the brain level, cytisine administration to SHR caused more prominent toxicity, resulted in GSH depletion and increased MDA quantity, while in WKY strain did not exert any toxicity. Cytisine did not significantly affect ALAT and ASAT activity in both strains. In conclusion, the results of our study suggest higher brain toxicity of cytisine in spontaneously hypertensive rats, that might be due to their pathophysiological characteristics.

  3. Effects of methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera leaves on semen and biochemical parameters in cryptorchid rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afolabi, Ayobami Oladele; Aderoju, Hameed Adeola; Alagbonsi, Isiaka Abdullateef

    2013-01-01

    While anti-oxidant effects of Moringa oleifera in much oxidative stress related diseases have been well reported, cryptorchidism on the other hand has been shown to cause oxidative stress. However, study is scanty on the likely role of Moringa oleifera in reducing cryptorchidism-induced oxidative stress in rats has not been studied. The present study looked into the effects of methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera leaves (MEMO) on semen and biochemical parameters in cryptorchid rats. Twenty male albino rats (200-250 g) were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=5 each). Groups A and B were sham-operated and treated with corn-oil and 200 mg/kg of MEMO respectively, while groups C and D were rendered cryptorchid and also treated with corn-oil and 200 mg/kg of MEMO respectively. Cryptorchid rats had lower testicular weight, sperm count, germ cell count, testicular superoxide dismutase (SOD) concentration, testicular total protein and higher testicular malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration compared to sham-operated rats. MEMO had no significant effect on testicular weight and MDA concentration, while it significantly increased sperm count, germ cell count, testicular SOD and total protein in the cryptorchid rats. The present study suggests that MEMO ameliorates cryptorchidism associated germ cell loss and oxidative stress.

  4. EFFECT OF DEOXYNIVALENOL ON SOME HAEMATOLOGICAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT PARAMETERS OF PORCINE BLOOD IN VITRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarína Zbyňovská

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The most important and the most common Fusarium mycotoxin is deoxynivalenol (DON. It occurs predominantly in grains such as wheat, barley, and maize and less often in oats, rice, rye, sorghum and triticale. It has adverse effects on humans, animals, and crops that result in illnesses and economic losses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of DON on some haematological (red blood cells - RBC, white blood cells - WBC, platelets - PLT, haemoglobin - HGB, packed cell volume - PCV and lymphocyte - LYM, biochemical (cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, urea, calcium and phosphorus and anti- and pro-oxidants parameters (superoxide dismutase - SOD, glutathione peroxidase - GPx and ROS – reactive oxygen species in porcine blood in vitro. Significantly decreased content of total protein in the group with dose of 1000 ng.l-1 DON was observed compared with the control group. In other groups (E1 with 10 ng.l-1 DON and E2 with 100 ng.l-1 slightly lower values were measures in comparison with the control group. PLT significantly decreased in the experimental group E3 when compared with E1, E2, and the control group. Concentration of GPx in porcine blood significantly (P < 0.05 decreased in E1 against the control group. Concentration of SOD significantly (P < 0.05 decreased in group E2 in comparison with E1 group. The highest value of ROS was in E2 group. Other parameters were not influenced by The most important and the most common Fusarium mycotoxin is deoxynivalenol (DON. It occurs predominantly in grains such as wheat, barley, and maize and less often in oats, rice, rye, sorghum and triticale. It has adverse effects on humans, animals, and crops that result in illnesses and economic losses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of DON on some haematological (red blood cells - RBC, white blood cells - WBC, platelets - PLT, haemoglobin - HGB, packed cell volume - PCV and lymphocyte - LYM, biochemical

  5. THE EVOLUTION OF SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN THE HONEYBEES’ HAEMOLYMPH (A. M. CARPATHICA COLLECTED IN THE INACTIVE SEASON

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    AGRIPINA SAPCALIU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The biochemical analyses of the blood are largely used for the routine diagnosis and especially for the metabolic survey in farm animals. These facts conduct us to the idea that similar analyses, applied on honeybee hemolymph, could be used IN monitoring the healthy state of honeybee colonies. The present studies represent preliminary researches, which aimed to investigate the variability of the main biochemical parameters in the hemolymph of the healthy honeybees (Apis mellifera in inactive season. The researches were carried out on honeybee samples collected from 5 honeybee colonies belonging to a breeding apiary of the Institute for Beekeeping Research and Development from Bucharest. In order to perform the biochemical analyses, the honeybees samples, consisting in 50 individuals on sample (10 individuals/colony were randomly collected and their haemolimph collected, at different time intervals, in inactive season (fall-winter. Totally, there were collected 250 haemolyph samples in a 2 years interval and the following 21 biochemical parameters were analysed: GLU, HDL-c, ALP, T-cho, Tprot, Alb., BUN, LDH, CPK,, Mg, IP, GGT, GOT, GPT, Ca, Cre,, Amy, T–BIL, TG, UA.. The test was carried out after the collection and processing of the samples using the SPOTCHEM EZSP4430, equipment with dry kits, the slides technique, respectively .During the 2nd part of the inactive season, the values of most biochemical parameters increase in different proportions, their levels being maintained also in the first part of the active seasons (April, May, June.The values obtained for the main studied biochemical parameters in the haemolymph of the healthy honeybees collected from honeybee colonies kept in natural conditions show a highly variable evolution in the two consecutive years of experiments during the inactive season.

  6. EFFECTS OF INHALATION OF SOLUBLE METALLIC CONSTITUENTS OF PARTICULATE MATTER ON CARDIOPULMONARY, THERMOREGULATORY, AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GUINEA PIGS

    Science.gov (United States)

    EFFECTS OF INHALATION OF SOLUBLE METALLIC CONSTITUENTS OF PARTICULATE MATTER ON CARDIOPULMONARY, THERMOREGULATORY, AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GUINEA PIGS. JP Nolan1, LB Wichers2, J Stanek3, UP Kodavanti1, MCJ Schladweiler1, PA Evansky1, ER Lappi1, DL Costa1, and WP Watkinson1...

  7. Rhythmic 24-hour variations of frequently used clinical biochemical parameters in healthy young males - The Bispebjerg study of diurnal variations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sennels, Henriette P; Jørgensen, Henrik L; Gøtze, Jens Peter;

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate the influence of time of day on the circulating concentrations of 14 frequently used clinical biochemical parameters in the Bispebjerg study of diurnal variations. Materials and methods. Venous blood samples were obtained under controlled environmental, activities and food...

  8. Expected linking error resulting from item parameter drift among the common Items on Rasch calibrated tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, G Edward; Gesn, Paul Randall; Rotou, Jourania

    2005-01-01

    In state assessment programs that employ Rasch-based common item linking procedures, the linking constant is usually estimated with only those common items not identified as exhibiting item difficulty parameter drift. Since state assessments typically contain a fixed number of items, an item classified as exhibiting parameter drift during the linking process remains on the exam as a scorable item even if it is removed from the common item set. Under the assumption that item parameter drift has occurred for one or more of the common items, the expected effect of including or excluding the "affected" item(s) in the estimation of the linking constant is derived in this article. If the item parameter drift is due solely to factors not associated with a change in examinee achievement, no linking error will (be expected to) occur given that the linking constant is estimated only with the items not identified as "affected"; linking error will (be expected to) occur if the linking constant is estimated with all common items. However, if the item parameter drift is due solely to change in examinee achievement, the opposite is true: no linking error will (be expected to) occur if the linking constant is estimated with all common items; linking error will (be expected to) occur if the linking constant is estimated only with the items not identified as "affected".

  9. Effects of ectoine on behavioural, physiological and biochemical parameters of Daphnia magna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bownik, Adam; Stępniewska, Zofia; Skowroński, Tadeusz

    2015-02-01

    Ectoine (ECT) is a compatible solute produced by soil, marine and freshwater bacteria in response to stressful factors. The purpose of our study was to determine the possible toxic influence of ECT on Daphnia magna. We determined the following endpoints: survival rate during exposure and recovery, swimming performance, heart rate, thoracic limb movement determined by image analysis, haemoglobin level by ELISA assay, catalase and nitric oxide species (NOx) by spectrophotometric methods. The results showed 80% survival of daphnids exposed to 50mg/L of ECT after 24h and 10% after 90h, however lower concentrations of ECT were well tolerated. A concentration-dependent reduction of swimming velocity was noted at 24 and 48h of the exposure. ECT (at 2.5 and 4mg/L) induced an increase of heart rate and thoracic limb movement (at 2.5, 4 and 20mg/L) after 24h. After 10h of the exposure to ECT daphnids showed a concentration-dependent increase of haemoglobin level synthesized and accumulated in the epipodite epithelia. After 24h we noted a concentration-dependent decrease of haemoglobin level and its lowest value was found after 48h of the exposure. ECT at a concentration of 20 and 25mg/L slightly stimulated catalase activity after 24h. NOx level was also increased after 10h of the exposure to 20 and 25mg/L of ECT reaching maximal activity after 24h. Our results suggest that ECT possesses some modulatory potential on the behaviour, physiology and biochemical parameters in daphnids.

  10. Effect Of Some Herbal Medicine On Some biochemical parameters In Diabetic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eman G.E. Helal, Mervat A.Abbas

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The current study was planned to follow up the effect of famous mixture used as a hypoglycemic traditional medicine in Saudi Arabia on diabetic albino rats and their effects on some biochemical parameter as DHEA .This study also aimed to study the effect of each plants alone to illustrate the most powerful one of them. The present study was carried out on eighty adult male albino rats (120+20gm b.wt. They were randomly divided into eight groups. First group conserved as control group.The others groups received alloxan to become diabetic .The second group conserved as diabetic, the third group treated with a mixture of plants (0.5gm/120gm b.wt.From he fourth to eight group,the rats treated with Nigella sativa (0.25gm/120gm b.wt,Aloe vera,Ferulaassa-foetid,Boswellia Carterii Birdw and Commiphora myrrha respectively (0.5gm/120gm b.wt..Our result showed that the body weight was reduced significantly in diabetic group and Nigella sativa treated group. On the other hand, treatment with commiphora myrrha revealed significant increase in body weight gain, while mixture and Aloe vera treated rats recorded insignificant change. Diabetic rats revealed a significant decrease in serum glucose and DHEA-S levels and liver glycogen content, while insignificant difference was recoded in all treated groups. A significant decrease in serum insulin level was observed in diabetic group, Nigella sativa and Ferula assa-foetida treated groups, but insignificant different was recorded in the rest treated groups throughout the experiment. A significant increase in LDH activities in diabetic and Ferula assa-foetida treated groups was recorded while rest treated groups recorded insignificant change During experimental period.

  11. Lymphocytic Thyroiditis - is cytological grading significant? A correlation of grades with clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic and radionuclide parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhatia Alka

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic, radionuclide and cytomorphological observations in Lymphocytic thyroiditis (LT, to define the cytological grading criteria on smears and correlation of grades with above parameters. Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 76 patients attending the Fine needle aspiration cytology clinic of a tertiary care institute in North India. The various parameters like patients′ clinical presentation, thyroid antimicrosomal antibodies, hormonal profiles, radionuclide thyroid scan and thyroid ultrasound were studied. Fine needle aspiration of thyroid gland and grading of thyroiditis was done on smears. The grades were correlated with above parameters and the correlation indices were evaluated statistically. Results: Most of the patients were females (70, 92.11% who presented with a diffuse goiter (68, 89.47%. Hypothyroid features (56, 73.68% and elevated TSH (75, 98.68% were common, but radioiodide uptake was low or normal in majority of patients. Thyroid antimicrosomal antibody was elevated in 46/70 (65.71% patients. Cytomorphology in fine needle aspirates was diagnostic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in 75 (98.68% patients. Most of them had grade I/II disease by cytology. No correlation was observed between grades of cytomorphology and clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic and radionuclide parameters. Conclusion: Despite the availability of several tests for diagnosis of LT, FNAC remains the gold standard. The grades of thyroiditis at cytology however do not correlate with clinical, biochemical, radionuclide and ultrasonographic parameters.

  12. Lymphocytic Thyroiditis – is cytological grading significant? A correlation of grades with clinical, biochemical, ltrasonographic and radionuclide parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dash Radharaman

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic, radionuclide and cytomorphological observations in Lymphocytic thyroiditis (LT, to define the cytological grading criteria on smears and correlation of grades with above parameters. Methods This prospective study was conducted on 76 patients attending the Fine needle aspiration cytology clinic of a tertiary care institute in North India. The various parameters like patients' clinical presentation, thyroid antimicrosomal antibodies, hormonal profiles, radionuclide thyroid scan and thyroid ultrasound were studied. Fine needle aspiration of thyroid gland and grading of thyroiditis was done on smears. The grades were correlated with above parameters and the correlation indices were evaluated statistically. Results Most of the patients were females (70, 92.11% who presented with a diffuse goiter (68, 89.47%. Hypothyroid features (56, 73.68% and elevated TSH (75, 98.68% were common, but radioiodide uptake was low or normal in majority of patients. Thyroid antimicrosomal antibody was elevated in 46/70 (65.71% patients. Cytomorphology in fine needle aspirates was diagnostic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in 75 (98.68% patients. Most of them had grade I/II disease by cytology. No correlation was observed between grades of cytomorphology and clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic and radionuclide parameters. Conclusion Despite the availability of several tests for diagnosis of LT, FNAC remains the gold standard. The grades of thyroiditis at cytology however do not correlate with clinical, biochemical, radionuclide and ultrasonographic parameters.

  13. Effect of naringerin on biochemical parameters in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

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    Ana Angélica Henrique Fernandes

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Amongst the numerous co-adjuvant therapies which could influence the incidence and progression of diabetic complications, antioxidants and flavonoids are currently being tested in clinical trials. We investigated the effect of naringerin on biochemical parameters in streptozotocin-induced (STZ - 60 mg/kg, i.p. diabetic rats. Male rats were divided into four groups: G1: untreated controls; G2: normal rats receiving naringerin; G3: untreated diabetics; G4: diabetics rats receiving naringerin. The naringerin (50mg/kg, i.p, decreased the hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia associated with STZ-diabetes. The concentrations of serum insulin in treated diabetic rats tended to be increased. Naringerin treatment prevents STZ-induced changes in the activities of ALT, AST and LDH in the liver and heart, indicating the protective effect of naringerin against the hepatic and cardiac toxicity caused by STZ. The glycogen level in cardiac and hepatic tissues elevated with naringerin in diabetic rats. The naringerin can improve the glucose and lipid metabolism and is beneficial in preventing diabetic complications.Dentre as numerosas terapias para minimizar as complicações diabéticas, os antioxidantes e flavonoides são testados na clínica médica. Foi analisado o efeito da naringerina sobre os parâmetros bioquímicos em ratos diabéticos induzidos por estreptozotocina (STZ - 60mg/kg, i.p.. Ratos machos foram divididos em 4 grupos: G1: controle não tratado; G2: ratos normais que receberam naringerina; G3: diabéticos não tratados; G4: ratos diabéticos que receberam naringerina. Naringerina (50mg/kg, i.p., decresceu a hiperglicemia e a hiperlipidemia em ratos diabéticos. A concentração sérica de insulina em ratos tratados tendeu aumentar. A naringerina preveniu as alterações, provocadas pela estreptozotocina, na atividade hepática e cardíaca de ALT, AST e LDH, indicando o efeito protetor da naringerina sobre estes tecidos, contra toxicidade

  14. Comparative Evaluation of Physiological and Biochemical Parameters and Survival of Chickens for the Effects of Microclimatic Stress Factors During Incubation

    OpenAIRE

    Indyuhova E.N.

    2015-01-01

    The article presents the results of two experiments, the findings reflect the influence of temperature and moisture stress on physiological and biochemical parameters of chickens and their viability during embryonic and early postembryonic development. It was found that under the influence of stress factors recorded increase in lipid peroxidation in chickens from day-old experimental groups; showed a reduction in the intensity of the major metabolism of young chickens day old.

  15. BIOCHEMICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF PRE-LARVAE OF THREE SALMONIDS SPECIES AT ONE-DAY AGE

    OpenAIRE

    Ye. Barylo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To study and analyze the morphometric and some biochemical parameters of pre-larval brown trout, rainbow trout and brook trout in post-embryonic period under the conditions of "Rybnyi Potik” farm in the Transcarpathian region for further use of the obtained data in scientific and practical works related to the cultivation of the juveniles of valuable salmonid species. Methodology. One-day free embryos (pre-larvae) of brown trout, rainbow trout and brook trout we used as study mat...

  16. Haematological and serum biochemical parameters of West African Dwarf goats fed dried cassava leaves-based concentrate diets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oni, Adebayo Olusoji; Arigbede, Oluwasanmi Moses; Sowande, Olusiji Sunday; Anele, Uchenna Young; Oni, Oluwakemi Oluremilekun; Onwuka, Chryss Friday Ijeoma; Onifade, Olufemi Sunday; Yusuf, Kafayat Omowumi; Dele, Peter Aniwe; Aderinboye, Ronke Yemisi

    2012-03-01

    The study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding different levels of dried cassava leaves at 0%, 20%, 40% and 60%, respectively, using guinea grass as basal feed, on the haematological and serum biochemical parameters of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. The study lasted for 116 days during which haematological and serum biochemical parameters were monitored in 40 male goats before and after, using a completely randomized design. At the start of the experiment, packed cell volume (PCV) ranged from 21.5% to 25.5% while haemoglobin concentration (Hb) and RBC significantly (P diets. At the end of the trial, there was a slight increase in the values of PCV and Hb in the diets (P > 0.05). Lymphocyte reduced significantly (P diets. Neutrophils, however, increased (P > 0.05) at the 0% to 40% levels and reduced at the 60% level of dried cassava leaves inclusion. At the start of the experiment, values for glucose significantly (P diets. The study revealed that inclusion of dried cassava leaves in the diets of West African Dwarf goats had no deleterious effects on the haematological and serum biochemical parameters of WAD goats and could therefore be included in ruminant diets up to 60%.

  17. Quantification of extraprostatic extension in prostate cancer: different parameters correlated to biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veggel, B.A. van; Oort, I.M. van; Witjes, J.A.; Kiemeney, L.A.L.M.; Hulsbergen- van de Kaa, C.A.

    2011-01-01

    AIMS: Different methods to substage extraprostatic extension (EPE) were correlated with biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods and results: A total of 157 consecutive RP specimens with EPE were completely embedded. Twenty-three patients with adjuvant therapy or detect

  18. Biochemical parameters of bone metabolism in bone metastases of solid tumors (Review)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, Wilhelmus; van der Veer, E; Willemse, P H

    1998-01-01

    The role of biochemical markers of bone metabolism in the diagnosis and monitoring of bone metastases in solid tumors is reviewed. Emphasis is on the recently developed markers, which may provide a more accurate quantitation of bone metabolism. In metastatic bone disease, bone formation and resorpti

  19. Biochemical properties of bioplastics made from wheat gliadins cross-linked with cinnamaldehyde.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaguer, M Pau; Gómez-Estaca, Joaquín; Gavara, Rafael; Hernandez-Munoz, Pilar

    2011-12-28

    The aim of this work has been to study the modification of gliadin films with cinnamaldehyde as a potential cross-linker agent. The molecular weight profile and cross-linking density showed that cinnamaldehyde increased reticulation in the resulting films. The participation of free amino groups of the protein in the newly created entanglements could be a possible mechanism of connection between the polypeptidic chains. The combination of a Schiff base and a Michael addition is a feasible approach to understanding this mechanism. The protein solubility in different media pointed to lower participation by both noncovalent and disulfide bonds in stabilizing the structure of the cross-linked films. The new covalent bonds formed by the cinnamaldehyde treatment hampered water absorption and weight loss, leading to more water-resistant matrices which had not disintegrated after 5 months. The properties of this novel bioplastic could be modified to suit the intended application by using cinnamaldehyde, a naturally occurring compound.

  20. Effects Of Music Therapy On Clinical And Biochemical Parameters Of Metabolic Syndrome

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    Rajnee

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Music therapy is a new approach being used for the management of metabolic abnormalities and stress related illness.Objective: To study the effect of Music therapy on various clinical and biochemical parameters of Metabolic Syndrome.Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out on 100 patients of metabolic syndrome selected randomly. These patients were divided into two equal groups after age, sex adjustment. In control group (group I 50 patients underwent the conventional treatment. 50 patients in study group were treated with supervised music protocol along with conventional treatment. The Body Mass Index, ;Waist-Hip ratio, Blood pressure, Fasting blood sugar were monitored weekly while HbA1c and lipid profile were determined at the baseline and after three months of exposure to music therapy. Statistical analysis was performed by employing student t- test.Results: In the study group there was a significant decrease in BMI (27.18±5.02 to 25.44±3.49 kg/m2, p<0.05, waist hip ratio (0.95±0.05 to 0.93±0.05 cm, p<0.05, Fasting blood sugar (196.00±47.80mg/ dl to152.00±16.19mg/dl , p<0.001, HbA1c (8.41±1.31% to 7.08±0.78 % p<0.001, Systolic Blood Pressure (151.00±12.10 to 136±9.04 mmHg p<0.001, Diastolic Blood Pressure (94±4.80 to 86.44±3.16 mmHg, p<0.01, Mean serum cholesterol (257.80±18.92 to 229.12±17.82mg/dl, p<0.001 and triglycerides (180.86±14.04 to 136.50±8.92mg/dl, p<0.001, LDL (167.97±14.40 to 140.20±15.41mg/dl, p<0.001, and VLDL (33.60±2.88 to 28.04±3.08mg/dl, p<0.001 and increase in HDL (33.32±3.38 to 39.71±3.41mg/dl, p<0.001, when compared with those of control group not receiving the music therapy along with the conventional treatment.Conclusion: The promising outcomes of Music therapy showed that it may be considered as a useful adjunct to conventional treatment in management of the metabolic syndrome. This study advocates music therapy to establish it from a general well being concepts to a

  1. Haematological and biochemical blood parameters in horses used for sport and recreation

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The study was conducted to determine and compare the resting values of haematological and biochemical blood indices in clinically healthy horses competing in show jumping and used for leisure activities. The experiment included twenty adult horses of Polish half-bred andWielkopolska breed which were subjected to a daily training programme typical of their type of use. Blood samples were collected at rest before feeding from the jugular external vein. Show jumpers had higher (P

  2. Study of Some Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Fry

    OpenAIRE

    Salman Rauoof CHALKOO; Imtiyaz Ahmed SHEIKH; Lone, Ghulam Nabi; Shaukath Ali MIR

    2013-01-01

    This study was done to investigate of some hematological and biochemical factors of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry in Kashmir. About 50 pools of blood samples from diseased fry were collected within 30 months from November 2008 till March 2011 from three hatchery farms. In addition 30 pools of blood samples as control group were collected randomly from same farms. Each blood samples were examined for whole blood examination and blood enzymes measurement. It consist of total leukocyte...

  3. Alteration of biochemical parameters after supplementation of multivitamins and minerals of sprayers on grape gardens of Western Maharashtra (India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyotsna A. Patil

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the horticulture sector, the land used for cash crop like grapes is increasing particularly in Maharashtra state. There is an increasing use of the pesticides in an attempt to increase the yield and reduce the post harvest losses. The environmental pollution and poisoning due to wide use of pesticide during grape cultivation may be much more important factors to disturb the socio economical status of uneducated farm worker in rural areas. Aim and Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate the pesticide exposure of the population associated with grape cultivation with respect to biochemical effects, oxidative stress, antioxidants status and protecting them from such effects by supplementing vitamins A to Z. Material and Methods: For this study 30 subjects with occupational pesticides exposure i.e. sprayers of grape gardens having age in the range of 20 to 45 years from Tasgaon taluka, Sangli district, (Western Maharashtra India were taken and all these study group subject,500 mg vitamin A to Z tablet / day for fifteen days were supplemented. The blood was collected by venipuncture from all these subjects for biochemical parameters assay before and after fifteen days of vitamins A to Z supplementation and all biochemical parameters were estimated by using standard methods. Results: Fifteen days vitamin A to Z and multi minerals supplementation to sprayers of grape gardens, we observed significant increase in serum Acetyl Cholinesterase (P<0.001, 2.32%, and decreased Aspartate Transaminase (P<0.05, 8.36%, Alanine Transaminase (P<0.05, 14.16%, serum Lipid Peroxide (P<0.001, 24.39%, Glutathione S-Transferase (P<0.01, 29.84% and increased RBC-Superoxide Dismutase (P<0.05, 11.55%, RBC-Catalase (P<0.001, 25.7%, serum zinc (P<0.01, 3.74%, copper (P<0.001, 4.13%, blood lead (P<0.01, 3.33% as compared to before vitamin A to Z and multi minerals supplementation and other biochemical parameters such as serum C-Reactive Proteins, Total Proteins

  4. THE EFFECT OF THE KETOGENIC DIET ON THE GROWTH AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF THE CHILDREN WITH RESISTANT EPILEPSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza ALAEI

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the ketogenic diet on the growth parameters of the children with resistant epilepsy.Materials & MethodsA total of 36 children with resistant epilepsy who were 2 to 7 year old were put on the ketogenic diet. Their growth and biochemical parameters were studied at the beginning of the study and after 3 months.ResultsWeight decreased in all patients. Serum levels of hemoglobin, calcium, and blood sugar decreased significantly but remained in the normal range. Creatinine did not change, but BUN showed a significant increase.ConclusionWe can lower the complications of ketogenic diets by using more unsaturated fat, more water, and more minerals.Keywords: ketogenic diet, epilepsy, growth parameters, biochemicalparameters, children

  5. Effect of imatinib on the biochemical parameters of the reproductive function in male Swiss albino mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A M Prasad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Treatment of cancers with cytotoxic agents such as tyrosine kinase inhibiting drugs often, but not always, result in transient to permanent testicular dysfunction. Germ cells are important targets of many chemicals. Most of the drugs are genotoxins and induce irreversible effect on genetic makeup. These mutagenic changes are proportionally related to carcinogenesis. This is alarmingly dangerous in youth and children, since these effects last longer, affecting fertility or forming basis for carcinogenesis. There is paucity of reports on planned studies of imatinib on the testicular function. Hence, the study was planned to assess the effects of imatinib on biochemical markers of testicular functions in male Swiss albino mice. Materials and Methods: Male Swiss albino mice were treated with imatinib and sacrificed at the end of first, second, fourth, fifth, seventh, and tenth week after the last exposure to imatinib. The testis were removed, weighed, and processed for biochemical analysis. Results: The intratesticular testosterone level was significantly (P<0.001 reduced in treated groups and severe effect was observed on week 4 and 5. The intratesticular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH level was significantly increased by imatinib in all treated groups up to week 5. Conclusion: Imatinib does affect testosterone and LDH level significantly, but this effect is reversible once the drug is withdrawn. This finding may help the clinicians to plan and address the fertility-related issues in young patients of reproductive age who are being treated with imatinib for gastrointestinal tumors and chronic myeloid leukemia.

  6. THE VARIATION OF SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS FROM FRESH COW CHEESE CREAM TYPE WITH ADDED AROMATIC PLANTS

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    CRISTIANA DIACONESCU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent advanced studies in the field of cheese fabrication technology include, amongother, the usage of aromatic plants and spices as a mean of improving theorganoleptic properties and as a mean of decreasing the lipidic peroxidationphenomenon. For this purpose, three types of fresh cow cheese produced by S.C.Marion Invest Trade 94 SRL, experimentally added with dill, savory and rosemary,were comparatively studied from a chemical point of view (pH, acidity, humidity, ashand a biochemical point of view(raw fat, total proteins, total cholesterol, acidphosphatase’s enzymatic activity, superoxide dismutase’s enzymatic activity, calciumcontent.From a chemical point of view, no significant differences appeared between the creamcheese types analyzed, excepting the pH( lower in the cheeses with dill and rosemaryFrom a biochemical point of view, two phenomenon can be observed: a significantdecrease of the acidic phosphatase activity in the cheeses with added dill androsemary ( positively correlating with the pH value and decreased values of the SODactivity in all cheese types.

  7. Effects of dietary administration of yarrow extract on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss

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    Mahmoud Nafisi Bahabadi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to investigate the clinical effects and possible side effects of yarrow extract (Achillea millefolium L. as feed additive on biochemical blood parameters and growth performance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fishes were treated with 0 (control, 0.1, 0.5 and 1% of yarrow extract for 30 days. Plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, creatine kinase (CK, peroxidase activity, total complement and lysozyme activity, glucose, total protein, triglyceride and cholesterol were measured after 15 and 30 days of yarrow treatment. There were no significant changes in the lysozyme activity and glucose levels. Total protein and globulin levels were significantly higher in the fish fed with diets enriched with 1% yarrow extract on day 30. Triglyceride and cholesterol levels was significantly decreased in the fish fed with diets containing 0.5% and 1% yarrow extract on day 30 (P<0.05. LDH, CK and peroxidase activities in the fish fed with diets having 1% yarrow extract were significantly decreased at the end of the experiment (P<0.05. In contrast, a significant increase in AST, ALP and total complement activity was observed in the fish fed with 1% yarrow extract diet, on day 15 (P<0.05. The weight gain and specific growth rate increased and food conversion ratio decreased in in the fish fed 1% yarrow extract on day 30. Condition factor in the fish fed with yarrow extract was significantly higher than control group on 30 day. In conclusion, on the basis of these results, oral administration of yarrow extract up to 0.5% have not side effect on blood biochemical and clinical parameters of fishes. However, oral administration of 1% of yarrow extract caused cytotoxicity and modifications in blood biochemical parameters of fish.

  8. STUDY OF CLINICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN PREDICTING THE NEED FOR VENTILATOR SUPPORT IN ORGANOPHOSPHORUS COMPOUND POISONING

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    Rajeev

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Organophosphorus compound is used for committing suicidal are on upswing in developing countries A grading system of severity of OP poisoning suggests that most cases can be managed in the ICU which cannot be applied to developing countries, where facilities for ICU management are rather limited. Hence, the pr esent study is undertaken to identify the factors both clinical and biochemical, which help in predicting the need for ventilator support and thus helping to reduce the mortality by timely institution of ventilator support. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To study the clinical and biochemical parameters in organophosphate poisoning, which help to predict the need for ventilator support. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a Descriptive Study done at Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, with a sample size of 50 cases. Patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria are assessed as per proforma specifically designed for the study. RESULTS: In this study population, 12 patients who reached the hospital for treatment > 4 hour of consumption, 11(91.7% required ventil ator support . In this study, out of patients with pinpoint pupils at admission required ventilator support. In this study, all patients ( required ventilator support with a fasciculation score of more than as compared to none with a bsent fasciculation. In this study, lower the Glasgow coma scale at admission, more vulnerable are the patients for ventilator support . In This study, patients with reduced levels of Pseudo cholinesterase i.e. out of patients ( required ventilato r support. CONCLUSION: Clinical and biochemical parameters such as Greater the time lag from consumption of OP poison till getting specific treatment, Lower GCS scoring, Generalized Fasiculations, Low Pseudo cholinesterase levels, Larger initial dose of At ropine required for Atropinization were strong predictors for the need for Assisted Ventilation in OP poisoning. Grading of the degree of the poisoning taking

  9. Effects of magnesium on erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransport and some of plasma biochemical parameters in rabbit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samad Akbarzadeh

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Magnesium acts as an essential cofactor for the activity of many enzymes. It regulates the work of cardiovascular system. The activity of sodium–lithium countertransport (SLC and the concentrations of plasma biochemical parameters such as VLDL, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine are changed in cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of magnesium on SLC activity and some of the plasma biochemical parameters. Methods: New Zealand white rabbits (weighed 1350 ± 50g were chosen for these experiments. This study was conducted through two in vitro and in vivo techniques. Through in vitro method, the effects of different concentrations of magnesium on SLC activity were investigated. In order to conduct in vivo method, the rabbits were divided into two groups (5 /group. One group was treated by MgSo4 (40 mg/kg body weight through peritoneum for two weeks. For the second group, deionized water was used. The activity of SLC and mentioned biochemical parameters were determined. Results: The results of both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that magnesium can significantly decrease the SLC activity and also causes an increase in Km and decreased Vmax/Km of the system and plasma concentrations of VLDL, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly decreased. Conclusion: Magnesium may cause a reduction in blood pressure through decreasing the SLC activity and affecting the concentrations of VLDL, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides and so improvement the cardiovascular diseases.

  10. INVESTIGATION OF EFFECT OF MURRAYA KOENIGII ON BIOPHYSICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF WOUND IN DIABETIC HYPERLIPIDEMIC WISTAR RATS

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    Vikram Kumar*, Angshu Bandyopadhyay and Vikram Sharma

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Plants have been used in traditional medicine for several thousand years. India is perhaps the largest producer of medicinal herbs and is rightly called the “Botanical garden of the World”. Murraya koenigii Linn. commonly known as Meethi neem, belongs to the family Rutaceae. The curry tree is native to India and it is found almost everywhere in the Indian subcontinent excluding the higher levels of Himalayas. The effect of Murraya koenigii leaves aqueous extract on biophysical and biochemical parameters of wound were studied by dead space wound model in diabetic hyperlipidemic rats. In dead space wound model, animals treated with Murraya koenigii (oral administration of variable dosage level 200mg/kg, 300mg/kg and 400mg/kg leaves aqueous extract showed significant increase in Wet & Dry granulations tissue weight (biophysical parameter and hydroxyprolin content (biochemical parameter when compared to the diabetic hyperlipidemic control group rats. In this study, very significant (p<0.001 result was found with 300mg/kg dose level because the effect was dose dependent up to 300mg equivalent of extract. The results suggested that aqueous extract of Murraya koenigii possess significant wound healing potential in diabetic hyperlipidemic rats. Further studies may reveal the exact mechanisms of action responsible for the wound healing activity of Murraya koenigii leaves aqueous extract in diabetic hyperlipidemic condition.

  11. Phenozan Influence on the Physiological-Biochemical Parameters of the Young Minks Leading to Their Advanced Properties

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    Nikolai A. Balakirev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The antioxidant influence on the physiological-biochemical parameters of productive animals is one of the most important directions in modern animal science. Phenozan is a synthetic antioxidant with high biological activities including those for animals. The positive effects of phenozan on the physiological-biochemical parameters of the mink blood were found. These effects are leading to the intensive growth, strong health, enhancement of the mink fur quality, and so forth. The total amount of the erythrocytes in the mink blood increased by about 4-5% due to phenozan inclusion in the mink diet. Even a more significant increase was found in hemoglobin content in the mink blood and erythrocytes (by about 9.5% and 8.8%, resp. due to phenozan inclusion of 100 mg/day, whereas it was found only by about 6.1–5.3% or 5.5–0.3%, owing to phenozan inclusion of 50 or 150 mg/day. For many other parameters the optimal phenozan concentration was about 100 mg/day per head according to the result obtained for all studied animal groups. Thus, phenozan can be successfully used as a biologically active compound for mink nutrition and is recommended for other farm animals.

  12. Protein coalitions in a core mammalian biochemical network linked by rapidly evolving proteins

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    Tsoka Sophia

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cellular ATP levels are generated by glucose-stimulated mitochondrial metabolism and determine metabolic responses, such as glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS from the β-cells of pancreatic islets. We describe an analysis of the evolutionary processes affecting the core enzymes involved in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in mammals. The proteins involved in this system belong to ancient enzymatic pathways: glycolysis, the TCA cycle and oxidative phosphorylation. Results We identify two sets of proteins, or protein coalitions, in this group of 77 enzymes with distinct evolutionary patterns. Members of the glycolysis, TCA cycle, metabolite transport, pyruvate and NADH shuttles have low rates of protein sequence evolution, as inferred from a human-mouse comparison, and relatively high rates of evolutionary gene duplication. Respiratory chain and glutathione pathway proteins evolve faster, exhibiting lower rates of gene duplication. A small number of proteins in the system evolve significantly faster than co-pathway members and may serve as rapidly evolving adapters, linking groups of co-evolving genes. Conclusions Our results provide insights into the evolution of the involved proteins. We find evidence for two coalitions of proteins and the role of co-adaptation in protein evolution is identified and could be used in future research within a functional context.

  13. Effect of cholic acid and its keto derivatives on the analgesic action of lidocaine and associated biochemical parameters in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posa, Mihalj; Kevresan, Slavko; Mikov, Momir; Cirin-Novta, Vera; Kuhajda, Ksenija

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the effect of the structure and concentration of cholic acid and its keto derivatives on the local analgesic action of lidocaine in rats, measured by an analgesimetric method. The increase in bile acid concentrations in the administered lidocaine solution increased the duration of local anesthesia. It was found that the introduction of keto groups into the cholic acid molecule yielded derivatives with lower promotory action, i.e. decreased the duration of local anesthesia. The biochemical parameters investigated indicated that the keto derivatives of cholic acid exhibited no toxicity compared to that of cholic acid itself.

  14. Improved Differential Evolution Algorithm for Parameter Estimation to Improve the Production of Biochemical Pathway

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    Chuii Khim Chong

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces an improved Differential Evolution algorithm (IDE which aims at improving its performance in estimating the relevant parameters for metabolic pathway data to simulate glycolysis pathway for yeast. Metabolic pathway data are expected to be of significant help in the development of efficient tools in kinetic modeling and parameter estimation platforms. Many computation algorithms face obstacles due to the noisy data and difficulty of the system in estimating myriad of parameters, and require longer computational time to estimate the relevant parameters. The proposed algorithm (IDE in this paper is a hybrid of a Differential Evolution algorithm (DE and a Kalman Filter (KF. The outcome of IDE is proven to be superior than Genetic Algorithm (GA and DE. The results of IDE from experiments show estimated optimal kinetic parameters values, shorter computation time and increased accuracy for simulated results compared with other estimation algorithms

  15. BIOCHEMICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF PRE-LARVAE OF THREE SALMONIDS SPECIES AT ONE-DAY AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye. Barylo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To study and analyze the morphometric and some biochemical parameters of pre-larval brown trout, rainbow trout and brook trout in post-embryonic period under the conditions of "Rybnyi Potik” farm in the Transcarpathian region for further use of the obtained data in scientific and practical works related to the cultivation of the juveniles of valuable salmonid species. Methodology. One-day free embryos (pre-larvae of brown trout, rainbow trout and brook trout we used as study materials. Morphometric parameters we studied by the methods of N. O. Lange, E. N. Dmitrieva. The content of total lipids was determined in accordance with Folch. in the tissuesm, which were taken for biochemical studies. Separate classes of lipids were received by thin layer chromatography. Findings. We carried out a comparative analysis of morphometric measurements and biochemical parameters of one-day pre-larval brown trout, rainbow trout and brook trout based on the obtained data. We investigated morphometric and biochemical specific features of pre-larvae in post-embryonic period and showed the species differences of morphometric measurements. Significant differences were observed between the content of lipids in the body and yolk sac of free embryos. In particular, a higher content of phospholipids and triglycerides was observed in the body of brook trout compared to brown trout. We also recorded higher contents of mono- and diacylglycerols, free cholesterol, non-etherified fatty acids (NEFA, triacylglycerols and cholesterol esters in the yolk sac of brook trout. Compared to brown trout, rainbow trout had a significant increase in mono- and diacylglycerols, free cholesterol and NEFA in both body and yolk sac as well higher levels of total lipids, triacylglycerols and cholesterol esters were registered in yolk sac. Originality. For the first time we carried out and compared the specific features of pre-larval brown trout, rainbow trout and brook trout in the

  16. THE REFERENCE VALUES OF THE MAIN BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF THE HEMOLYMPH OF APIS MELLIFERA CARPATHICA IN SOUTH-EASTERN ROMANIA

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    AGRIPINA SAPCALIU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Although biochemical analyses of the blood were and are still used for the routinediagnosis and especially for the metabolic survey in farm animals, such analyses, maybe applied for the honeybee hemolymph (as a paraclinic examination. The aim of thisexperimental study was to investigate and to determine the reference values of themain biochemical parameters in the hemolymph of the healthy honeybees of Apismellifera carpathica. The honeybee samples were collected in order to analyze thehealth condition of the respective colony. All the samples coming from sick colonieswere removed, only healthy adult honeybees coming from strong colonies were keptand used for hemolymph collection. By special methods, samples of hemolymph (300μl/sample collected from about 50 individuals, were analyzed both during the activeseason (spring/summer and the inactive season (autumn/winter. The study wascarried out on 50 samples of undiluted hemolymph taken from a total number of about2,500 honeybees. The following 21 biochemical parameters were analyzed: GLU(mg/dl, HDL-c (mg/dl, ALP (UI/l, T-cho (mg/dl, Tprot (mg/dl, Alb. (g/dl, BUN(mg/dl, LDH (UI/l, CPK (UI/l, Mg (mg/dl, FRA (μm/l, IP (mg/dl, GGT (UI/l,GOT (UI/l, GPT (UI/l, Ca (mg/dl, Cre (mg/dl, Amy (UI/l, T–BIL (mg/dl, TG(mg/dl, UA (mg/dl. The test was carried out after the collection and processing of thesamples using the SPOTCHEM EZSP4430, equipment with dry kits, the slides technique,respectively.

  17. Long-term changes in microbial and biochemical parameters in the Central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Raghukumar, C.; Nath, B.N.; Sharma, R.; LokaBharathi, P.A.; Dalal, S.G.

    an artificial sediment disturbance was created by a hydraulic benthic disturber. Besides the above- mentioned parameters, extracellular enzymes, alkaline phosphatase, aminopeptidase and lipase were also monitored at these 9 locations. Postdisturbance (PoD1...

  18. Effect of superovulation on uterine and serum biochemical parameters and its potential association with transferable embryos in Holstein dairy cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasolomboahanginjatovo, Hasina Santatriniaina; Chorfi, Younès; Dupras, Raynald; Mills, Louis; Lefebvre, Réjean

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effects of superovulation (SOV) on serum and uterine biochemical parameters, uterine bacteriology and cytology and number of transferable embryos (TE). Dairy cows were placed on a Presynch/CIDR Synch protocol. The SOV group was superovulated, induced in estrus, and inseminated, whereas the control group was induced in estrus and inseminated without SOV. Uterine bacteriology and cytology and uterine and serum biochemical parameters were measured at day 7 of the estrous cycle to start the SOV protocol, as well as on the day of embryo recovery (DER). The SOV group produced 7.5 ± 6.7 oocytes/embryos, of which 3.4 ± 4.7 were TE. Serum urea and E2 and uterine Glu, CK, LDH, TP, P4 and PGFM in the control group and serum P4 and PGFM and uterine LDH and PGFM in the SOV group were significantly higher (p < 0.01) at DER than day 7. At DER, uterine urea, LDH, PGFM and TP and serum urea, LDH, PGFM, and P4 concentrations were higher (p < 0.01) in the SOV group than the control. There was no significant variation in uterine bacteriology or cytology. Overall, these results infer that SOV affects both serum profile and uterine secretions, and that these changes may influence the number of TE.

  19. Rutin restores adenosine deaminase activity in serum and the liver and improves biochemical parameters in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

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    E.O. CHIELLE

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT denosine deaminase (ADA is a critical control point in the regulation of adenosine levels. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a polyphenolic flavonoid, rutin, on the activity of ADA in serum, the cerebral cortex, liver, kidney, and biochemical parameters in diabetic rats. The animals were divided into four groups (n=6 for the following treatments: control; diabetic (streptozotocin 55 mg/kg; diabetic with rutin (100 mg/kg/day; diabetic with glibenclamide (10 mg/kg/day. After 30 days, ADA activity and biochemical parameters were analyzed. The ADA activity in the serum was significantly elevated in the diabetic group compared to the control group (p<0.01. The treatment with rutin prevented the increase in ADA activity in the STZ-induced rats when compared to control group. Our data showed that rutin reduced glucose, LDL levels, and hepatic enzymes in comparison with the control group. These results demonstrate that the increase of ADA activity observed in diabetic rats may be an important indicator of the immunopathogenesis of hyperglycemic disorders and suggest that rutin is important for regulating the enzymatic activities associated with immune, hyperglycemic, and inflammatory response in diabetes mellitus.

  20. Therapeutic competence of dried garlic powder (Allium sativum on biochemical parameters in lead (Pb exposed broiler chickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Anwar Hossain

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted to assess the therapeutic competence of garlic (Allium sativum in lead (Pb exposed chickens. The experimental birds (n=350 were grouped into T0 (as control, T1, T2, T3 and T4. The birds of group T1 was provided with lead acetate at 100 mg/kg body weight. Group T2 had lead acetate at 100 mg/kg b.wt. + 1% garlic supplement, whereas group T3 was fed with lead acetate at 100 mg/kg b.wt. + 2% garlic supplement, and group T4 had lead acetate at 100 mg/kg b.wt. + 4% garlic supplement. The mean values (mg/dL of uric acid, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein, and blood glucose in the birds of group T1 were significantly increased (p<0.01 on day 42 of post-treatment. Elevation of these parameters was suggestive for the pathological involvement of different organs like liver, kidney, muscles. Statistical analysis of variance indicated that lead acetate at 100 mg/kg b.wt. + 2% garlic supplement (T3 resulted significant (p<0.01 ameliorative effect on the biochemical parameters as compared to the group T2 and T4. In conclusion, potency of garlic in reversion of the values of the biochemical properties in Pb exposed chickens was close to the normal levels of the values.

  1. The Effects of Air Pollution and Smoking on Cadmium Concentration in Human Blood and Correlation with Biochemical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Zeneli

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The study described the research of the effects that the environment pollution and smoking have in cadmium concentration in human blood, as well as in the correlation between cadmium and the biochemical parameters. Approach: In a comparative study of cadmium concentration in blood of human population of two different environments in Kosovo, one nearby Kosovo Thermo Power Plants (Obiliq, a highly polluted environments (Investigated Group and the other that was considered as relatively clean rural environment Dragash (control group. Results: The results showed that there exists a significant difference in the average concentration of cadmium in human blood between the Investigated Group (IG and the Control Group (CG (t = -3.34, p = 0.0006. The series of determination of cadmium concentration in blood of population that lives in this environment had shown direct effects in biochemical parameters (direct bilirubine, total bilirubine. Conclusion: Air pollution (from coal burning in power plant and smoking were very important factors for the level of cadmium concentration in blood, which had an inhibitory effect in the syntheses of bilirubine.

  2. Changes in white blood pictures and some biochemical parameters of dairy cows in peripartum period and early lactation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Joksimović Todorović

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to determine the changes in the number of cells of white blood line and some biochemical parameters: concentration of glucose, concentration of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA, activity of enzymes of aspartat aminotransferase (AST, alanin aminotransferase (ALT and gamma glutamyltranferase (GGT, in 17 Holstein-Friesian breed dairy cows in peripartum period and early lactation (on d 15 prepartum, on the day of parturition and on d 15, 30, and 45 postpartum. The highest values of total leukocytes count, neutrophiles, monocytes and basophiles count were recorded on the day of parturition, and then decreased, so that the minimum value established on d 45 of lactation. The lymphocytes count was the lowest on the day of parturation, while the eosinophils and basophiles counts were significantly different in observed time intervals. The concentration of glucose ranged from 3.07 mmol/L on d 15 prepartum to 2.71 mmol/L on d 15 postpartum. A high concentration of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA in the postpartum period is a consequence of changes in energy balance and more intensive process of lypolisis in fat tissue, due to energy disbalance at the beginning of lactation. Established activity of enzymes AST, ALT and GGT was approximately the same in studied time intervals and was within physiological limits. The results of hematological and biochemical analysis in this paper do not indicate the development of postpartum ailments, because the investigated parameters were within physiological limits.

  3. Impact of xanthohumol (a prenylated flavonoid from hops) on DNA stability and other health-related biochemical parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferk, Franziska; Mišík, Miroslav; Nersesyan, Armen

    2016-01-01

    SCOPE: Xanthohumol (XN) is a hop flavonoid found in beers and refreshment drinks. Results of in vitro and animal studies indicate that it causes beneficial health effects due to DNA protective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and phytoestrogenic properties. Aim of the present study was to find out...... if XN causes alterations of health-related parameters in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of the flavonoid were investigated in a randomized crossover intervention trial (n = 22) in which the participants consumed a XN drink (12 mg XN/P/day). We monitored alterations of the DNA stability......'-deoxyguanosine and 8-oxo-guanosine in urine was reduced. The assumption that the flavonoid causes DNA protection was confirmed in a randomized follow-up study with pure XN (n = 10) with a parallel design. Other biochemical parameters reflecting the redox- and hormonal status and lipid- and glucose metabolism...

  4. Early detection of crop injury from herbicide glyphosate by leaf biochemical parameter inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Feng; Guo, Yiqing; Huang, Yanbo; Reddy, Krishna N.; Lee, Matthew A.; Fletcher, Reginald S.; Thomson, Steven J.

    2014-09-01

    Early detection of crop injury from herbicide glyphosate is of significant importance in crop management. In this paper, we attempt to detect glyphosate-induced crop injury by PROSPECT (leaf optical PROperty SPECTra model) inversion through leaf hyperspectral reflectance measurements for non-Glyphosate-Resistant (non-GR) soybean and non-GR cotton leaves. The PROSPECT model was inverted to retrieve chlorophyll content (Ca+b), equivalent water thickness (Cw), and leaf mass per area (Cm) from leaf hyperspectral reflectance spectra. The leaf stress conditions were then evaluated by examining the temporal variations of these biochemical constituents after glyphosate treatment. The approach was validated with greenhouse-measured datasets. Results indicated that the leaf injury caused by glyphosate treatments could be detected shortly after the spraying for both soybean and cotton by PROSPECT inversion, with Ca+b of the leaves treated with high dose solution decreasing more rapidly compared with leaves left untreated, whereas the Cw and Cm showed no obvious difference between treated and untreated leaves. For both non-GR soybean and non-GR cotton, the retrieved Ca+b values of the glyphosate treated plants from leaf hyperspectral data could be distinguished from that of the untreated plants within 48 h after the treatment, which could be employed as a useful indicator for glyphosate injury detection. These findings demonstrate the feasibility of applying the PROSPECT inversion technique for the early detection of leaf injury from glyphosate and its potential for agricultural plant status monitoring.

  5. Biochemical brain markers and purinergic parameters in rat CSF after seizure induced by pentylenetetrazol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oses, Jean Pierre; Leke, Renata; Portela, Luis Valmor; Lara, Diogo R; Schmidt, André P; Casali, Emerson André; Wofchuk, Susana; Souza, Diogo O; Sarkis, João José Freitas

    2004-09-30

    Cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the generation of seizures and the magnitude of neural cells injury are not fully understood. We evaluated astrocyte and/or neuronal injury in rats in the pentylenetetrazol model of acute seizures by measuring S100B and NSE levels in cerebrospinal fluid. Additionally, we determined ADP and GDP hydrolysis by soluble nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase in the cerebrospinal fluid, and the concentration of nucleosides adenosine, inosine and guanosine as putative markers of brain injury. After pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures: (i) S100B values increased from 10 to 30 min, returning to control levels at 24 h; NSE levels presented a biphasic increase: an increase at 10 to 30 min returning to control levels, and again at 240 min followed by a decline at 24 h; (ii) nucleotidase activities increased from 10 min, returning to control levels at 240 min; (iii) guanosine and inosine levels increased exclusively after 30 min. In summary, this study showed biochemical changes in the cerebrospinal fluid occurring after seizures induced by pentylenetetrazol. Such events may have a modulating effect upon seizure expression, particularly nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase activities and nucleoside concentrations, but are nevertheless followed by neural death as evidenced by the increase in NSE and S100B levels.

  6. Effect of maternal exercise on biochemical parameters in rats submitted to neonatal hypoxia-ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcelino, Thiago Beltram; de Lemos Rodrigues, Patrícia Idalina; Miguel, Patrícia Maidana; Netto, Carlos Alexandre; Pereira Silva, Lenir Orlandi; Matté, Cristiane

    2015-10-05

    Pregnancy is a critical period for brain metabolic programming, being affected by individual environment, such as nutrition, stress, and physical exercise. In this context, we previously reported a cerebral antioxidant upregulation and mitochondrial biogenesis in the offspring delivered from exercised mothers, which could provide neuroprotection against neonatal insults. Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) encephalopathy is one of the most studied models of neonatal brain injury; disrupting motor, cognitive, and learning abilities. Physiopathology includes oxidative stress, allied to mitochondria energy production failure, glutamatergic excitotoxicity, and cell death. In this study we evaluated the effect of maternal swimming during pregnancy on offspring׳s brain oxidative status evaluated fourteen days after HI stablishment. Swimming exercise was performed by female adult rats one week before and during pregnancy, in controlled environment. Their offspring was submitted to HI on postnatal day 7, and the brain samples for biochemical assays were obtained in the weaning. Contrary to our expectations, maternal exercise did not prevent the oxidative alterations observed in brain from HI-rats. In a general way, we found a positive modulation in the activities of antioxidant enzymes, measured two weeks after HI, in hippocampus, striatum, and cerebellum of pups delivered from exercised mothers. Reactive species levels were modulated differently in each structure evaluated. Considering the scenery presented, we concluded that HI elicited a neurometabolic adaptation in both brain hemispheres, particularly in hippocampus, parietal cortex, and cerebellum; while striatum appears to be most damaged. The protocol of aerobic maternal exercise was not enough to fully prevent HI-induced brain damages.

  7. Estimation of kinetic parameters related to biochemical interactions between hydrogen peroxide and signal transduction proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Paula; Antunes, Fernando

    2014-10-01

    The lack of kinetic data concerning the biological effects of reactive oxygen species is slowing down the development of the field of redox signaling. Herein, we deduced and applied equations to estimate kinetic parameters from typical redox signaling experiments. H2O2-sensing mediated by the oxidation of a protein target and the switch-off of this sensor, by being converted back to its reduced form, are the two processes for which kinetic parameters are determined. The experimental data required to apply the equations deduced is the fraction of the H2O2 sensor protein in the reduced or in the oxidized state measured in intact cells or living tissues after exposure to either endogenous or added H2O2. Either non-linear fittings that do not need transformation of the experimental data or linearized plots in which deviations from the equations are easily observed can be used. The equations were shown to be valid by fitting to them virtual time courses simulated with a kinetic model. The good agreement between the kinetic parameters estimated in these fittings and those used to simulate the virtual time courses supported the accuracy of the kinetic equations deduced. Finally, equations were successfully tested with real data taken from published experiments that describe redox signaling mediated by the oxidation of two protein tyrosine phosphatases, PTP1B and SHP-2, which are two of the few H2O2-sensing proteins with known kinetic parameters. Whereas for PTP1B estimated kinetic parameters fitted in general the present knowledge, for SHP-2 results obtained suggest that reactivity towards H2O2 as well as the rate of SHP-2 regeneration back to its reduced form are higher than previously thought. In conclusion, valuable quantitative kinetic data can be estimated from typical redox signaling experiments, thus improving our understanding about the complex processes that underline the interplay between oxidative stress and redox signaling responses.

  8. Estimation of kinetic parameters related to biochemical interactions between hydrogen peroxide and signal transduction proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Matos de Brito

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The lack of kinetic data concerning the biological effects of reactive oxygen species is slowing down the development of the field of redox signaling. Herein, we deduced and applied equations to estimate kinetic parameters from typical redox signaling experiments. H2O2-sensing mediated by the oxidation of a protein target and the switch-off of this sensor, by being converted back to its reduced form, are the two processes for which kinetic parameters are determined. The experimental data required to apply the equations deduced is the fraction of the H2O2 sensor protein in the reduced or in the oxidized state measured in intact cells or living tissues after exposure to either endogenous or added H2O2. Either non-linear fittings that do not need transformation of the experimental data or linearized plots in which deviations from the equations are easily observed can be used. The equations were shown to be valid by fitting to them virtual time courses simulated with a kinetic model. The good agreement between the kinetic parameters estimated in these fittings and those used to simulate the virtual time courses supported the accuracy of the kinetic equations deduced. Finally, equations were successfully tested with real data taken from published experiments that describe redox signaling mediated by the oxidation of two protein tyrosine phosphatases, PTP1B and SHP-2, which are two of the few H2O2-sensing proteins with known kinetic parameters. Whereas for PTP1B estimated kinetic parameters fitted in general the present knowledge, for SHP-2 results obtained suggest that reactivity towards H2O2 as well as the rate of SHP-2 regeneration back to its reduced form are higher than previously thought. In conclusion, valuable quantitative kinetic data can be estimated from typical redox signaling experiments, thus improving our understanding about the complex processes that underline the interplay between oxidative stress and redox signaling responses.

  9. Assessment of process control parameters in the biochemical methane potential of sunflower oil cake

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raposo, F.; Borja, R.; Rincon, B. [Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Avda. Padre Garcia Tejero 4, 41012 Seville (Spain); Jimenez, A.M. [Departamento de Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Ctra. De Utrera, km 1, 41013 Sevilla (Spain)

    2008-12-15

    A laboratory-scale study was conducted on the batch anaerobic digestion of sunflower oil cake (SuOC), solid waste derived from the extraction process of sunflower oil. A multi-reactor system was used to compare methane production from this waste at inoculum to substrate ratios (ISRs) of 3.0, 2.0, 1.5, 1.0, 0.8 and 0.5 (expressed as volatile solids (VS) basis). The tests were carried out at mesophilic temperature (35 C) and run against a control of inoculum without substrate. The results obtained in the biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests showed that the ultimate methane yield (Y{sub M,ult}) decreased considerably from 227{+-}23 to 107{+-}11 ml CH{sub 4} at standard temperature and pressure (STP) conditions g{sup -1} VS{sub added} when the ISR decreased from 3.0 to 0.5, showing a clear influence of the ISR on the methane yield coefficient. The biodegradability (BD) of the waste also decreased from 86% to 41% when the ISR varied from 3.0 to 0.5. A net total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) yield of 39.2 mg N g{sup -1} VS{sub added} was obtained, and this value was not influenced by the ISRs assayed, which demonstrated the appropriate operation of the hydrolytic-acidogenic stage of the overall digestion process. A clear imbalance of the methanogenic process was observed at the lowest ISRs studied (0.5 and 0.8) due to a considerable increase in CODs and TVFA in the digestates. The profile of VFA was also influenced by the ISR, typical of the proteinaceous substrates. (author)

  10. Stochastic analyses of field-scale pesticide leaching risk as influenced by spatial variability in physical and biochemical parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loll, Per; Moldrup, Per

    2000-04-01

    Field-scale pesticide leaching risk assessments were performed by incorporating a numerical, one-dimensional, water and pesticide transport and fate model into the two-step stochastic modeling approach by Loll and Moldrup [1998]. The numerical model included first-order pesticide degradation, linear equilibrium adsorption, and plant uptake of water and pesticide. Simazine was used as a model pesticide, and leaching risk was expressed as the cumulative mass fraction of applied pesticide leached below 100 cm after 1 year. Spatial variability in soil physical and biochemical data, as well as measured meteorological data from an average and a relatively wet year, was considered for two Danish field sites: (1) a coarse sandy soil, with relatively small variability in hydraulic properties, and (2) a sandy loam, with large variability in hydraulic properties. The two-step stochastic modeling approach was used to investigate the relative impact of spatial variability in saturated hydraulic conductivity Ks, soil-water retention through the Campbell [974] soil-water retention parameter b, and pesticide sorption through the organic carbon content (OC). For the coarse sandy soil, field-scale spatial variability in OC was the single most important parameter influencing leaching risk, whereas for the sandy loam, Ks was found more important than OC. The relative impact of field-scale spatial variability in these parameters was found independent of the meteorological conditions, whereas the absolute level of leaching risk was highly dependent on the meteorological conditions. Assuming a linear dependency between pesticide half-life and OC, a unified approach to modeling simultaneous field-scale variability in biodegradation and adsorption was proposed. Leaching risk assessments based on this approach showed that the parts of the field with both low biological activity and low adsorption capacity contributed with a dramatic increase in leaching risk, and suggested that field

  11. Haematology and serum biochemical parameters in free-ranging African side neck turtle (Pelusios sinuatus in Ibadan, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.O. Omonona

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The haematology and serum biochemical parameters in free-ranging African side neck turtle (Pelusios sinuatus in Ibadan, Nigeria was carried out with the view of establishing baseline blood health indices of this species and generating data which could be useful in the comparative physiology of turtles. A total of sixty free ranging turtles comprising juveniles and adults of both sexes were used for the study. The mean values for the RBC, PCV, Hb, MCV, MCH and WBC counts observed in male juvenile were significantly higher (P < 0.05 than those of the females. Nevertheless, in adult turtles, the mean values for the RBC, PCV, Hb, MCV, MCH and WBC counts observed in females were significantly higher (P < 0.05 than those of the males. Similarly, in juvenile turtles, the absolute heterophil, lymphocyte and monocyte counts in females were relatively higher (P < 0.05 than that of male while in adult turtles there were no significant differences (P < 0.05 in these parameters between the males and females. There were no significant difference (P < 0.05 in the values for the total protein, albumin, globulin, creatinine, serum glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT and blood urea nitrogen in the males and females of both the juvenile and adult turtles. The outcome of this study presents baseline data on the haematology and serum biochemical parameters in free-ranging African side neck turtle (Pelusios sinuatus in Ibadan, Nigeria, which could also serve as a template for the comparative physiology of fresh and sea turtles.

  12. FPGA-Based Fused Smart Sensor for Dynamic and Vibration Parameter Extraction in Industrial Robot Links

    OpenAIRE

    Rene de Jesus Romero-Troncoso; Gilberto Herrera-Ruiz; Roque Alfredo Osornio-Rios; Luis Morales-Velazquez; Carlos Rodriguez-Donate

    2010-01-01

    Intelligent robotics demands the integration of smart sensors that allow the controller to efficiently measure physical quantities. Industrial manipulator robots require a constant monitoring of several parameters such as motion dynamics, inclination, and vibration. This work presents a novel smart sensor to estimate motion dynamics, inclination, and vibration parameters on industrial manipulator robot links based on two primary sensors: an encoder and a triaxial accelerometer. The proposed s...

  13. Model reduction and parameter estimation of non-linear dynamical biochemical reaction networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xiaodian; Medvedovic, Mario

    2016-02-01

    Parameter estimation for high dimension complex dynamic system is a hot topic. However, the current statistical model and inference approach is known as a large p small n problem. How to reduce the dimension of the dynamic model and improve the accuracy of estimation is more important. To address this question, the authors take some known parameters and structure of system as priori knowledge and incorporate it into dynamic model. At the same time, they decompose the whole dynamic model into subset network modules, based on different modules, and then they apply different estimation approaches. This technique is called Rao-Blackwellised particle filters decomposition methods. To evaluate the performance of this method, the authors apply it to synthetic data generated from repressilator model and experimental data of the JAK-STAT pathway, but this method can be easily extended to large-scale cases.

  14. Corneal Cross-Linking with Riboflavin and UV-A in the Mouse Cornea in Vivo: Morphological, Biochemical, and Physiological Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kling, Sabine; Hammer, Arthur; Conti, Alain; Hafezi, Farhad

    2017-01-01

    Purpose To morphologically, biochemically, and physiologically characterize corneal cross-linking with riboflavin and UV-A light (CXL) in a newly established in vivo murine model. Methods C57BL/6 wild-type mice (N = 67) were treated with various CXL protocols, with modification of the following parameters: total energy (fluence) used, duration of UV-A irradiation, continuous versus pulsed irradiation, and CXL under hypoxic conditions (contact lens). Corneas were evaluated biomicroscopically, histologically, and using optical coherence tomography. Conformational collagen changes were evaluated via changes in the speed of enzymatic digestion. Results A fluence of 5.4 J/cm2 induced scar formation, while fluences of scar formation. Changes in the speed of enzymatic digestion suggest that CXL in mice, when compared to humans, requires less UV-A energy than the difference in corneal thickness between the species would suggest. Conclusions We demonstrated the in vivo response of very strong and very weak CXL and identified the best suited range of UV fluence in murine corneas. The presented murine CXL model may be helpful in future research addressing cellular and molecular pathways associated to CXL treatment. Translational Relevance Adverse tissue reactions following CXL treatment were observed, if the administered UV energy was out of the treatment window—raising concern about novel CXL treatment protocols that have not been previously validated in an experimental setting. PMID:28149672

  15. Cytomorphologic spectrum of lymphocytic thyroiditis and correlation between cytological grading and biochemical parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Anila, K. R.; Nileena Nayak; K Jayasree

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis [Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT)] is a common thyroid lesion diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Apart from FNAC, various other parameters, such as clinical features, ultrasonographic findings, antithyroid antibody levels, hormone profiles, and radionuclide thyroid scan, are also taken into consideration in making a diagnosis of HT. Aims: To grade lymphocytic thyroiditis based on the cytomorphology and to correlate the cytological ...

  16. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS - LIVER ENZYMES (AST, ALT AND ALP AND BLOOD PHENYTOIN LEVELS IN PATIENTS OF EPILEPSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok

    2013-11-01

    21 by the method of Dill. 5ml of blood was collected to measure the following biochemical parameters: Serum AST, Serum ALT, Serum ALP, Instrument – Ciba Corning Blood gas 288 system and other biochemical parameters are measured by Technicon - RA - XT Auto Analyser. CONCLUSION : The present study summarizes its findings in patients of grand - mal epilepsy receiving phenytoin therapy. Elevation of serum alkaline phosphatase levels in comparison to the control group. Other parameters such as serum aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase were within normal limits and there was no significant correlation

  17. Pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime proxetil with special reference to biochemical parameters, tissue residue, and spermatozoa motility in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momin A Mujeeb

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Cefpodoxime is a semisynthetic third generation cephalosporin analogue with a relatively broader spectrum of antimicrobial activity against gram negative and gram positive organisms. This is attributed to their somewhat increased resistance to degradation by the betalactamase. Cefpodoxime shows good activity against Klebsiella pneumonia, many members of enterobactericeae and almost all strains of Escherichia coli. It is extensively used in human beings against infections caused by susceptible organisms for a prolonged period and even without its judicious indication. Though various researchers have worked on the pharmacokinetic aspects of the drug, its effects on biochemical parameters and spermatozoa activity are scarcely available in literature. Aim : To determine the oral kinetic ( blood and tissue after single therapeutic dose of cefpodoxime proxetil (20mg/kg oral bid 7 days in rats of either sex on tissue half life and certain biochemical parameters such as glucose, hemoglobin, protein, ALT, AST and other parameters like tissue residue, sperm count and spermatozoa motility in male rats. Materials and Methods : For kinetic studies,24 Wister rats of either sex, 3 months of age, (180-210 gm were used.(Group I-IV; n=6 Blood samples collected from each animal of Group IV through heart puncture at 0 hour to serve as predrug control. All the group (I-IV received cefpodoxime proxetil 20 mg/kg once orally as a single dose. At the end of 1,4,12 and 24 hour post oral administration, GroupI,II,III and IVwere utilized for kinetic studies. Blood samples were collected from each animal and vital organs viz brain, lung, liver, spleen, kidney and heart were dissected out for drug analysis and determination of weight. For biochemical parameters, tissue residue and spermatozoa motility, twelve male rats were randomly divided into Groups A and B (n=6 Group B received cefpodoxime (20mg/kg orally bid 7 days while Group A served as control

  18. Effect of Different Growth Conditions on Certain Biochemical Parameters of Different Cyanobacterial Strains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hammouda, O. E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: Variation in the traditional growth medium conditions to enhance the production of lipids, carbohydrates, protein and the free amino acids content of three cyanobacterial species. Methodology and Results: Three species of cyanobacteria (Anabaena laxa, Anabaena fertilissima and Nostoc muscorum were collected from the culture collection of Soils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt, to investigate their biochemical composition under different growth conditions, using BG110 (nitrogen free as growth medium. These conditions were represented by control medium, static glucose medium with (1%, w/v, aerated medium (aerated by bubbling technique depending on CO2 normally existed in air with a concentration of 0.03%, molasses medium (0.7%, v/v and aerated medium enriched with glucose (1%, w/v. Lipid content, total carbohydrates, soluble proteins and free amino acids were determined at the previous conditions. Glucose at 0.7% (w/v was the most favorable for lipid production in A. laxa, where it exhibited the highest lipid content (427 μg/g fresh wt.. Increasing molasses concentration up to 0.7% (v/v produced an increase in lipid contents of the tested cyanobacterial strains. The highest lipid content of both N. muscorum (366.2 μg/g fresh wt. and A. laxa (357.4 μg/g fresh wt. were recorded at molasses concentrations of 0.1 and 0.7% (v/v, respectively. A. laxa expressed high significant values for both proteins (31.6 μg/mL and free amino acids (40.5 mg/g dry wt. after 6 days of incubation period under aerated enriched glucose condition (1%, w/v. Also, at the same growth conditions, A. fertilissima exhibited high significant values for carbohydrates at 4th day (876.8 mg/g dry wt.. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: Aerated enriched glucose medium (1%, w/v was the best growth medium condition used in the present study.

  19. Utility and limitations of biochemical parameters in the evaluation of hyponatremia in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musch, W; Decaux, G

    2001-01-01

    We evaluated in 110 consecutive elderly hyponatremic patients the value of traditional clinical and biochemical data and the place of a test infusion of 2 liters isotonic saline over 24 hours, in establishing the etiology of the hyponatremia. The causes of hyponatremia were as follows: 31% SIADH patients, 23% patients with hyponatremia due to diuretics, 18% potomania patients, 15% salt depleted patients, 5% salt depleted SIADH patients, 5% patients with a salt loosing syndrome and 3% patients with hyponatremia of unknown origin. Several salt depleted (SD) and SIADH patients could be confounded. Usually, adults with SIADH show plasma uric acid values 4 mg/dL. Eighty-two percent of SD patients appeared to have plasma urea levels >30 mg/dL, but this was also the case in 21% of SIADH patients. Twenty-nine of the SD patients presented a urinary sodium >30 mEq/L, but all had fractional sodium excretion (FENa) lower than 0.5%. However, in SIADH, 42% of the patients presented also FENa potomania patients, salt loosing syndrome patients and some SD SIADH patients). A plasma sodium (PNa) increase of at least 5 mEq/L 24 hours after saline infusion has been suggested as highly suggestive of SD. Nevertheless, 29% of our SD patients did not increase their PNa level by 5 mEq/L or more, while 30% of our SIADH patients did. PNa improved after 2 liters isotonic saline over 24 hours in 90 patients (85%) as opposed to 12 others (9 SIADH and 3 diuretic patients), decreasing their plasma sodium. The isotonic saline infusion test, only allows a reliable classification of hyponatremia, as far as both PNa and sodium excretion were taken into account. In the SIADH group, 6 patients (5%) presented initially manifest solute depletion and retained the 2 liters isotonic saline before developping inappropriate natriuresis. Six patients showed a transient salt loosing syndrome with high fractional potassium excretion (FEK) and high calciuria, which differentiates them from thiazide patients

  20. Effect of Aqueous Stem Bark Extract of Khaya senegalensis on Some Biochemical, Haematological, and Histopathological Parameters of Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onu, A; Saidu, Y; Ladan, M J; Bilbis, L S; Aliero, A A; Sahabi, S M

    2013-01-01

    The subchronic effect of aqueous stem bark extract of Khaya senegalensis on some biochemical, haematological, and histopathological parameters of rats was investigated. The rats were divided into six groups of five rats per group. Groups I to VI were administered graded doses of 0, 400, 800, 1200, 1600, and 2000 mg/kg bw, respectively. The result of study revealed that administration of the Khaya senegalensis for twenty-eight days at the experimental dose resulted in significant (P < 0.05) increase in urea, electrolytes (Na(+), K(+)), and creatinine levels. The extract also significantly (P < 0.05) increased serum activity of ALT, AST, and ALP. The levels of protein, albumin, and bilirubin were significantly changed when compared to their control values, but they were not dose dependent. The hematological indices assayed in this study were not significantly affected at the experimental dose when compared to the control values. Histological studies of the liver showed cellular degeneration and necrosis and bile duct hyperplasia and fibrosis with lymphocytic infiltration of the hepatocyte, providing supportive evidence for discussing the biochemical findings, indicative of functional derangement. The histological architecture of the kidney and that of the heart were however preserved. The result of this study indicates that the aqueous stem bark extract of K. senegalensis may affect the cellular integrity of vital organs of the body.

  1. Performance emulation and parameter estimation for nonlinear fibre-optic links

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Piels, Molly; Porto da Silva, Edson; Zibar, Darko;

    2016-01-01

    Fibre-optic communication systems, especially when operating in the nonlinear regime, generally do not perform exactly as theory would predict. A number of methods for data-based evaluation of nonlinear fibre-optic link parameters, both for accurate performance emulation and optimization, are rev...

  2. Performance emulation and parameter estimation for nonlinear fibre-optic links

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Piels, Molly; Porto da Silva, Edson; Zibar, Darko

    2016-01-01

    Fibre-optic communication systems, especially when operating in the nonlinear regime, generally do not perform exactly as theory would predict. A number of methods for data-based evaluation of nonlinear fibre-optic link parameters, both for accurate performance emulation and optimization...

  3. Use of simple hematological, biochemical and clinical parameters to monitor response of multiple myeloma patients on high dose thalidomide therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uppal G

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Evidence of increased bone marrow vascularity in multiple myeloma (MM has led to the use of anti-angiogenic drugs especially thalidomide in relapsed or refractory patients. Currently, parameters such as serum/ urine electrophoresis for M (monoclonal proteins, bone marrow biopsy with touch preparation and b2 microglobulin are routinely used to assess response to therapy. These investigations are expensive, invasive and require high technical setup. AIM: To correlate simple and routine hematological and biochemical parameters with the key marker of disease i.e. M proteins. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is an open label, uncontrolled, single-arm study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty nine refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma patients of both sexes (M=20, F=9 with age ranging between 35-72 years were initiated on 200 mg/day of thalidomide with fortnightly increments of 200 mg to a maximum tolerated dose not exceeding 800 mg/day. All hematological and biochemical parameters were monitored at monthly intervals for one year. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Correlation analysis was performed between hemoglobin (Hb, total leukocyte count (TLC, absolute neutrophil count (ANC, platelet count (PC, total proteins (TP, serum albumin and serum globulin on one hand and M protein levels on the other using Pearsons Correlation test by SPSS version 7.5. RESULT: Hb, TLC, ANC, PC and serum albumin levels showed a significant negative correlation with M proteins. A highly significant positive correlation existed between M proteins on one hand and TP and globulin levels on the other. Dryness of skin indicated positive response to therapy. These correlations were found to be significant at the end of one month of therapy in all the above-mentioned parameters except in TLC where it was significant after 2 months of thalidomide therapy. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that sustained efficacy of thalidomide therapy may be amenable to monitoring by these simple, inexpensive and

  4. Influence of NaCl on Biochemical Parameters of Two Cultivars of Stevia rebaudiana Regenerated in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharuti Rathore

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Soil salinity occupies a prominent place among the soil problems that threaten the sustainability of agriculture over a vast area in the world. It affects plant morpho-physiology and ultimately leads to reduction in productivity. It is essential to test important medicinal plants for their salinity tolerance as research efforts aim to explore economic benefits under saline conditions. Keeping in view the importance of Stevia and salinity, present study had been designed to investigate the effect of salinity on biochemical parameters in two Stevia genotypes. Two node microcuttings were subjected to MS media supplemented with different NaCl concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125 mM. Chlorophyll amount was observed to be decreased as compared to sugars, proline and phenols with increased salt concentrations.

  5. Effect of bioactive compounds extracted from euphorbious plants on hematological and biochemical parameters of Channa punctatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaya Shahi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Channa punctatus was exposed to four different concentrations of Rutin, Taraxerol and Apigenin. Changes in some hematological parameters of Channa punctatus were assessed to determine the influence of these compounds on test fish. Fish were exposed to sublethal concentrations (80% of LC50 of 24h of these compounds for one week. Control fish were also administered for one week. Thereafter, blood samples were obtained from the control and experimental fish. Blood was assayed for selected hematological parameters (hematocrit, hemoglobin, red blood cell count, white blood cell count total plasma protein and plasma glucose concentration. The derived hematological indices of mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC, mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH and mean corpuscular volume (MCV were calculated. Sublethal concentrations of these compounds caused a dose dependent decrease in hemoglobin values coupled with a decrease in hematocrit values and red blood cell counts are an obvious indication of anemia. The total white blood cell counts and the differential white blood cell counts were decreased except for the lymphocytes, where there was a slight increase. Plasma protein and glucose were also lower in exposed fish when compared with control. The hematological indices MCH, MCHC, MCV were also lowered. The result from this study reveals high mortality rate and deleterious consequences on the health of fish subjected to acute exposure of Rutin, Taraxerol and Apigenin and therefore, should not be used directly in aquaculture without having the proper knowledge.

  6. Endocrinological, biophysical, and biochemical parameters of semen collected via masturbation versus sexual intercourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofikitis, N V; Miyagawa, I

    1993-01-01

    In clinical programs of assisted reproduction involving infertile males, it is essential to obtain semen of maximum quality. To evaluate ways of achieving this objective, and to assess the fertilizing capacity of the sperm, six semen samples were collected from each of 38 infertile men via masturbation. Six more samples were then collected from each man at sexual intercourse using a semen collection device (SCD). We confirmed that the volume of seminal plasma, total sperm count, sperm motility, and percentage of morphologically normal spermatozoa were significantly higher in samples collected at intercourse than masturbation, as reported previously. In addition, the markers of the secretory function of the prostate and the outcome of sperm function tests (hypoosmotic swelling test, acrosin assay, and sperm penetration assay) were significantly higher for the samples collected at intercourse. There were no significant differences in markers of the secretory function of the seminal vesicles and epididymis between the samples. The improved spermatozoal parameters in the samples collected at intercourse may reflect a higher prostatic secretory function at that time. There were no significant differences in the serum concentrations of gonadotropins, or in the serum or seminal plasma concentrations of testosterone, before or after masturbation or sexual intercourse. Therefore, the differences in prostatic secretory function and semen parameters may not be attributed to differences in hormonal levels. Semen collection during intercourse using an SCD appears to be the method of choice for selecting semen samples for artificial insemination.

  7. Biochemical adaptations in middle-distance runners: an assessment of blood and anthropometric parameters

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    Danila Di Majo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to understand the mechanism underlying the physiological adaptation of purely aerobic workout, we investigated the effect of 2 months of training on nine males (17-22 year-old middle distance running agonistic athletes. Blood sample was collected in the morning to analyze: hematological parameters, lipid profile, liver function enzymes [glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT] and skeletal and myocardial markers of muscle damage [creatin kinase (CK and creatin kinase MB (CK-MB]. Endurance training, as it implies high oxygen consumption, should increase reactive oxygen species, but it has been shown that exercise leads to increased activation of antioxidant defenses. In fact, serum levels of γ-GT enzyme and total CK were not increased. On the other hand, a statistical significant reduction of CKMB has been observed. There were not variations in hematological parameters. As far as the anthropometric value is concerned, after two months of training there was a change in weight (P<0.0001. Finally, any oxidative and biological stress was highlighted in the middle distance runners but, since this is a preliminary study, it would be of interest to replicate the study on a larger sample.

  8. Effects of 24 h ultra-marathon on biochemical and hematological parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huey-June Wu; Kung-Tung Chen; Bing-Wu Shee; Huan-Cheng Chang; Yi-Jen Huang; Rong-Sen Yang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To analyze detailed changes in hematology and biochemistry tests parameters before and after a longdistance race in ultramarathon runners. METHODS: Blood samples of 11 participants were obtained for standard analysis before, immediately after, two days after and nine days after the 2002 International Ultramarathon 24 h Race and the International Association of Ultrarunners (IAU) Asia 24 h Championship. RESULTS: Total bilirubin (BIL-T), direct bilirubin (BIL-D), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased statistically significantly (P<0.05) the race. Significant declines (P<0.05) in red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Hct) were detected two days and nine days d after the race. 2 d after the race, total protein (TP), concentration of albumin and globulin decreased significantly. While BIL, BIL-D and ALP recovered to their original levels. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) remained unchanged immediately after the race, but it was significantly decreased on the second and ninth days after the race.CONCLUSION: Ultra-marathon running is associated with a wide range of significant changes in hematological parameters, several of which are injury related. To provide appropriate health care and intervention, the man who receives athletes on high frequent training program high intensity training programs must monitor their liver and gallbladder function.

  9. Antioxidant status and selected biochemical parameters of porcine ovarian granulosa cells exposed to lead in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capcarová, Marcela; Kolesárová, Adriana; Lukác, Norbert; Sirotkin, Alexander; Roychoudhury, Shubhadeep

    2009-12-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant status (TAS) and release of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, total lipids, totals proteins, glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides by porcine ovarian granulosa cells cultured in vitro after lead acetate administration. The parameters were analyzed using semi-automated clinical chemistry analyzer Microlab 300, microprocessor-controlled analyzer EasyLite and spectrophotometer Genesys 10. Cells were cultured with lead acetate trihydrate [Pb(CH(3)COO)(2).3H(2)O] as follows: group Max (5 mg Pb(CH(3)COO)(2).3H(2)O/10 mL), group A (2.5 mg/10 mL), group B (0.83 mg/10 mL), group C (0.625 mg/10 mL), group D (0.455 mg/10 mL) and the control group without lead exposure for 18 hrs. The highest TAS was estimated in the control group without lead treatment in comparison with other groups (MAX, A, B, C, D). Statistical analyses showed significantly lower value (P 0.05) were detected in concentration of other studied parameters among observed groups, too.

  10. Proposed parameters of specific rain attenuation prediction for Free Space Optics link operating in tropical region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suriza, A. Z.; Md Rafiqul, Islam; Wajdi, A. K.; Naji, A. W.

    2013-03-01

    As the demand for higher and unlimited bandwidth for communication channel is increased, Free Space Optics (FSO) is a good alternative solution. As it is protocol transparent, easy to install, cost effective and have capabilities like fiber optics, its demand rises very fast. Weather condition, however is the limiting factor for FSO link. In the temperate region the major blockage for FSO link feasibility is fog. In the tropical region high rainfall rate is expected to be the major drawback of FSO link availability. Rain attenuation is the most significant to influence FSO link availability in tropical region. As for now the available k and α values are developed using data from temperate regions. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to propose new parameters for specific rain attenuation prediction model that represents tropical weather condition. The proposed values are derived from data measured in Malaysia and using methods recommended by ITU-R.

  11. FPGA-Based Fused Smart Sensor for Dynamic and Vibration Parameter Extraction in Industrial Robot Links

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rene de Jesus Romero-Troncoso

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Intelligent robotics demands the integration of smart sensors that allow the controller to efficiently measure physical quantities. Industrial manipulator robots require a constant monitoring of several parameters such as motion dynamics, inclination, and vibration. This work presents a novel smart sensor to estimate motion dynamics, inclination, and vibration parameters on industrial manipulator robot links based on two primary sensors: an encoder and a triaxial accelerometer. The proposed smart sensor implements a new methodology based on an oversampling technique, averaging decimation filters, FIR filters, finite differences and linear interpolation to estimate the interest parameters, which are computed online utilizing digital hardware signal processing based on field programmable gate arrays (FPGA.

  12. FPGA-based fused smart sensor for dynamic and vibration parameter extraction in industrial robot links.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Donate, Carlos; Morales-Velazquez, Luis; Osornio-Rios, Roque Alfredo; Herrera-Ruiz, Gilberto; de Jesus Romero-Troncoso, Rene

    2010-01-01

    Intelligent robotics demands the integration of smart sensors that allow the controller to efficiently measure physical quantities. Industrial manipulator robots require a constant monitoring of several parameters such as motion dynamics, inclination, and vibration. This work presents a novel smart sensor to estimate motion dynamics, inclination, and vibration parameters on industrial manipulator robot links based on two primary sensors: an encoder and a triaxial accelerometer. The proposed smart sensor implements a new methodology based on an oversampling technique, averaging decimation filters, FIR filters, finite differences and linear interpolation to estimate the interest parameters, which are computed online utilizing digital hardware signal processing based on field programmable gate arrays (FPGA).

  13. Evaluation of nanoselenium (Nano-Se) effect on hematological and serum biochemical parameters of rat in experimentally lead poisoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafari Dehkordi, A; Mohebbi, A N; Aslani, M R; Ghoreyshi, S M

    2016-06-01

    The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of nanoselenium (Nano-Se) on hematological and biochemical parameters of rats experimentally intoxicated with lead (Pb). Thirty male rats were randomly divided into six groups as follows: the control, selenite, Nano-Se, Pb group, Pb + selenite, and Pb + Nano-Se groups. After 35 days, blood was collected from rats and hematology and serum biochemical parameters of oxidative stress were measured. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) level of Pb group was significantly higher than other groups. Also, TBARS level was significantly lower in the Pb + Nano-Se group than Pb + selenite group. The serum superoxide dismutase activities were significantly lower in Pb group than the control, Pb + selenite, and Pb + Nano-Se groups. The catalase activities in the Pb group showed no significant change when compared to other groups. In the Pb group, packed cell volume was lower than the control group. A significant difference was observed between the control group and the Pb, Pb + selenite, and Pb + Nano-Se groups. In the Pb group, the numbers of white blood cell (WBC) decreased in comparison with the control group. Also, there was significant increase in WBC counts in the Pb + Nano-Se and Pb + selenite groups in comparison with Pb group. The number of lymphocytes in the Pb group decreased in comparison with the control group. By comparing the means of the Pb + Nano-Se and Pb + selenite groups together, it was determined that there were significant differences in the lymphocytes and neutrophil counts. In conclusion, usage of selenium compounds particularly Nano-Se particles inhibits the adverse effects of Pb on antioxidant activity and immune system function in the Pb poisoning.

  14. Biochemical and hemato-immunological parameters in juvenile beluga (Huso huso) following the diet supplemented with nettle (Urtica dioica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binaii, Mohammad; Ghiasi, Maryam; Farabi, Seyed Mohammad Vahid; Pourgholam, Reza; Fazli, Hasan; Safari, Reza; Alavi, Seyed Eshagh; Taghavi, Mohammad Javad; Bankehsaz, Zahra

    2014-01-01

    The present study investigated the effects of different dietary nettle (Urtica dioica) levels on biochemical, hematological and immunological parameters in beluga (Huso huso). Fish were divided into 4 groups before being fed for 8 weeks with 0%, 3%, 6% and 12% of nettle. The blood samples were collected on week 4 and 8. The use of nettle did not significantly change the mean cell volume, mean cell haemoglobin, lymphocytes, eosinophils, albumin, glucose, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and lysozyme activity on week 4 and 8. After 4 weeks, the total red blood cell (RBC) and hematocrit (Ht) showed a significant increase in 12% nettle group compared to the 3% nettle and control groups but haemoglobin (Hb) had a significant change in 12% nettle compared to the control. At the same time was not found a significant change in the mean cell haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), total white blood cell (WBC), neutrophils, respiratory burst activity (RB), total immunoglobulin (Ig) and total protein (TP), triglyceride (Tri) and cholesterol (Chol). After 8 weeks, the fish treated with nettle exhibited significantly increase in neutrophil and Hb levels compared to the control and between treatment groups, 12% nettle group shown the highest Hb while RBC and Hct values significantly rose in fish fed by 12% compared to the control. Supplementing 6% and 12% nettle increased the WBC and MCHC compared to the other groups. The group fed 12% showed a highly significant difference in RB, TP and Ig after 8 weeks. However, Tri and Chol were significantly decreased in the juvenile beluga fed by the 6% and 12% nettle diet compared to the other groups. The results suggest that by using this herb there will be an improvement in hemato-biochemical parameters and immune function of juvenile beluga.

  15. Effect of humic-plant feed preparations on biochemical blood parameters of laying hens in deep litter housing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubel, F; Dobrzański, Z; Gaweł, A; Pogoda-Sewerniak, K; Grela, E R

    2015-01-01

    An influence of various humic-plant feed additives based on some herbs (nettle, chamomile, yarrow, perforatum), lucerne and humic materials on biochemical indices of Lohmann Brown (LB) layers blood plasma was estimated. Hens were housed in deep litter system, 20 birds in a group. Four groups were formed: control (C - standard feeding), and experimental, supplemented with prepara- tions: E-1 herbal-humic, E-2 humic-herbal and E-3--humic-lucerne. Hens were placed in the pens on the 16th week of life, addition of preparations with standard food mixture started at the 22nd wk and lasted until 66th wk of life. Blood for analyses was collected four times in the following periods: 27, 37, 54 and 65th wk of life. The applied humic-plant preparations to a limited degree affected the values of examined biochemical parameters in serum: total protein (TP), albumins (Albs), glucose (Glu), urea, triacylglycerols (TAG), total cholesterol (TCh), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminot- ransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). It is difficult to determine based on these study, which preparation is one the most active biologically, however is seems that humic-lucerne prepara- tion affected the examined blood parameters to the highest degree. The reference values ranges in hens blood serum LB hens were proposed for: TP (43-65 g/l), Albs (15-22 g/l), urea (0.5-1.2 mmol/l), Glu 10-15 mmol/l), TCh (2.2-4.5 mmol/l), TAG (10-24 mmol/l), AST (4-12 U/l), ALT (150-280 mmol/l) and ALP (190-350 U/l).

  16. Evaluation of non-microbial salivary caries activity parameters and salivary biochemical indicators in predicting dental caries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Kaur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the present study was the evaluation of non-microbial salivary caries activity parameters and salivary biochemical indicators in predicting dental caries. Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out on 60 children, aged 4-6 years, selected from the schools of Panchkula district, Haryana, on the basis of their caries status. Level of hydration, flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, relative viscosity, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase levels in caries-free and caries-active children were evaluated. Results: Results showed that 90% of subjects in the caries-free group and 30% of subjects in the caries-active group had normal level of hydration value of less than 60 s and the difference was found to be statistically very highly significant. Normal flow rate of stimulated saliva was found in 90% of the subjects in caries-free group and 33.3% subjects in the caries active group and difference was found to be statistically very highly significant. Adequate salivary pH was found in 100% subjects in caries-free group and 30% in caries-active group and the difference was statistically very highly significant. Conclusion: To conclude, within limitations of this study, it became clear that normal level of hydration and higher values for flow rate, pH, buffering capacity of saliva lead to good oral health and a reduced caries occurrence. Increased salivary viscosity plays a role in increasing caries incidence. Salivary biochemical indicators like calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase also play their respective role in determining caries susceptibility of an individual. These salivary parameters can be used as diagnostic tool for caries risk assessment.

  17. ESTIMATION OF BIOCHEMICAL AND HAEMA TOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AFTER TREATMENT WITH BIOVET IN DIFFERENT STRAINS OF LAYING HENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashir Mahmood Bhatti, Tanzeela Talat, Rozina Sardar and Ghazala Naheed

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available This experiment was conducted to study 'effect of Biovet (E.M. Technology on biochemical and haematological parameters of four genetically 'different strains of laying hens including cross, Desj, Fayoumi and Nick Chick. A total of 60 laying hens were involved in the trial giving 15 birds under each strain. Prior to administration of Biovet (2 ml/litre} birds were maintained in,controlled environment for 2 weeks, five blood samples were taken from each strain, and analysed for bichemical and haematological parameters, The same birds were then administered Biovet in drinking water and after 2 weeks of treatment, five blood samples from each strain of chickens were collected and teste4:as was done before treatment. Serum glucose was markedly (P<0.05 increased due to treatment and there was also significant (P<0.05 inter strain variation. Serum protein levels were only affected (P<0.05 due to treatment but there was no inter strain variation, Serum albumin and cholesterol were not affected by treatment, The haematological parameters such as Hb, WBC, Eosinophils, Lymphocytes,PCV , MCH, MCHC; and Heterophils were not affected. by treatment. There was significant (P<0.05 difference in RBCs concentration in serum which also; caused an -increase (P<0.05 in MCV values. The Biovet supplementation presumably stimulated haemopoietic system to improve performance of birds.

  18. Prematurity and Related Biochemical Outcomes: Study of Bone Mineralization and Renal Function Parameters in Preterm Infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarika Singh Chauhan

    2011-01-01

    phosphorus levels were found to be significantly decreased, and serum ALP, creatinine, and electrolytes were found to be significantly increased (<0.001 at 28–30 weeks as compared to controls, but serum calcium and phosphorous levels were found to be insignificantly decreased, whereas serum ALP activities were found to be insignificantly increased at 28–30 weeks as compared to 30–32 weeks of gestational age in preterm babies. It can be concluded that high serum ALP activity and low serum calcium and phosphorus levels are associated with preterm babies. A significant difference in the mean values of these renal function parameters was also obtained, except for serum sodium and potassium.

  19. Association of Apo-E gene polymorphism with biochemical and lipid metabolism parameters in patients with diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭茜

    2006-01-01

    Objective To study the association of apolipoprotein (Apo) E gene polymorphism with difference in biochemical metabolism of diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations. Methods ApoE genotype was determined by PCR-RFLP in diabetic patients with or without diabetic nephropathy (DN) and normal peoples in Hui and Han peoples, the related biochemical parameters were simultaneously detected. Results (1) Huis had 3 genotypes, i. e. E2/E3, E3/E3 and E3/E4, and their fre-

  20. Cytomorphologic spectrum of lymphocytic thyroiditis and correlation between cytological grading and biochemical parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K R Anila

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis [Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT] is a common thyroid lesion diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC. Apart from FNAC, various other parameters, such as clinical features, ultrasonographic findings, antithyroid antibody levels, hormone profiles, and radionuclide thyroid scan, are also taken into consideration in making a diagnosis of HT. Aims: To grade lymphocytic thyroiditis based on the cytomorphology and to correlate the cytological grades with the levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibody (ATPO, antithyroglobulin antibody (ATG, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH. Materials and Methods: During a period of one and half years, 1,667 cases underwent FNAC of thyroid at our tertiary care center. Of these, 128 cases had cytological evidence of lymphocytic thyroiditis. Out of these, in 60 cases the levels of ATPO, ATG, and TSH were known. The cytological grades of lymphocytic thyroiditis in these cases were correlated with these parameters. Results: Out of the 60 cases, 55 were females. Age ranged from 5 years to 70 years, with majority of patients in third decade. Diffuse enlargement of thyroid was the commonest presentation. However, 14 cases presented with nodular disease. Majority of the patients had grade 1 thyroiditis (27 cases, followed by grade 2 thyroiditis (22 cases. Cytomorphology was diagnostic of thyroiditis in all 60 cases. ATPO was elevated in 57 cases and ATG was elevated in 40 cases. Elevated level of TSH was seen in only 18 cases. In 39 cases, TSH value was normal. There was no correlation between the cytological grades of thyroiditis and the levels of antithyroid antibodies and TSH. Conclusion: Lymphocytic infiltration of thyroid follicles is pathognomonic of lymphocytic thyroiditis. Positivity for antithyroid antibodies is strongly associated with HT but no correlation was observed between the grades of thyroiditis and the levels of ATPO, ATG, and TSH.

  1. A New Data Analysis System to Quantify Associations between Biochemical Parameters of Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral Bone Disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Rodriguez

    Full Text Available In hemodialysis patients, deviations from KDIGO recommended values of individual parameters, phosphate, calcium or parathyroid hormone (PTH, are associated with increased mortality. However, it is widely accepted that these parameters are not regulated independently of each other and that therapy aimed to correct one parameter often modifies the others. The aim of the present study is to quantify the degree of association between parameters of chronic kidney disease and mineral bone disease (CKD-MBD.Data was extracted from a cohort of 1758 adult HD patients between January 2000 and June 2013 obtaining a total of 46.141 records (10 year follow-up. We used an advanced data analysis system called Random Forest (RF which is based on self-learning procedure with similar axioms to those utilized for the development of artificial intelligence. This new approach is particularly useful when the variables analyzed are closely dependent to each other.The analysis revealed a strong association between PTH and phosphate that was superior to that of PTH and Calcium. The classical linear regression analysis between PTH and phosphate shows a correlation coefficient is 0.27, p<0.001, the possibility to predict PTH changes from phosphate modification is marginal. Alternatively, RF assumes that changes in phosphate will cause modifications in other associated variables (calcium and others that may also affect PTH values. Using RF the correlation coefficient between changes in serum PTH and phosphate is 0.77, p<0.001; thus, the power of prediction is markedly increased. The effect of therapy on biochemical variables was also analyzed using this RF.Our results suggest that the analysis of the complex interactions between mineral metabolism parameters in CKD-MBD may demand a more advanced data analysis system such as RF.

  2. Connecting parameters optimization on unsymmetrical twin-tower structure linked by sky-bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙黄胜; 刘默涵; 朱宏平

    2014-01-01

    Based on a simplified 3-DOF model of twin-tower structure linked by a sky-bridge, the frequency response functions, the displacement power spectral density (PSD) functions, and the time-averaged total vibration energy were derived, by assuming the white noise as the earthquake excitation. The effects of connecting parameters, such as linking stiffness ratio and linking damping ratio, on the structural vibration responses were then studied, and the optimal connecting parameters were obtained to minimize the vibration energy of either the independent monomer tower or the integral structure. The influences of sky-bridge elevation position on the optimal connecting parameters were also discussed. Finally, the distribution characteristics of the top displacement PSD and the structural responses, excited by El Centro, Taft and artificial waves, were compared in both frequency and time domain. It is found that the connecting parameters at either end of connection interactively affect the responses of the towers. The optimal connecting parameters can greatly improve the damping connections on their seismic reduction effectiveness, but are unable to reduce the seismic responses of the towers to the best extent simultaneously. It is also indicated that the optimal connecting parameters derived from the simplified 3-DOF model are applicable for two multi-story structures linked by a sky-bridge with dampers. The seismic reduction effectiveness obtained varies from 0.3 to 1.0 with different sky-bridge mass ratio. The displacement responses of the example structures are reduced by approximately 22% with sky-bridge connections.

  3. Basic biochemical, hematological and hormonal parameters for monitoring the health and nutritional status in athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aritz Urdampilleta

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sporting competitions are becoming more demanding in terms of intensity of effort, and this means controlling all aspects that affect athletic performance. Food, hydration and supplementation, before, during and after training or competition directly affect health, body composition, performance and recovery of the athlete. The assessment of nutritional status is required for proper advising of the athlete, through blood tests to control the process of adaptation to training. The aim of this paper is to provide practical tools for dietitiansnutritionists to control the health and nutritional status of athletes, as well as monitoring their adaptation to workloads and competition periods. Performing analytical tests to control of protein metabolism, lipid profile, ions, blood tests and iron metabolism, in addition to review some hormonal parameters, may be of interest in order to observe the potential existence of overtraining states. The correct understanding and interpretation of laboratory tests (under sports doctor’s supervision will be most important and useful for dietitiansnutritionists, performing dietary and nutritional advice to athletes, because it will determine the status of the athlete and propose different individual feeding strategies depending on the training phase and response.

  4. Coconut oil on biochemical and morphological parameters in rats submitted to normolipidic and hyperlipidic diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca de Oliveira Schumacher

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of replacing soybean oil with extra virgin coconut oil in normolipidic and hyperlipidic diets, on the lipid metabolism of Wistar rats. In the first stage of the experiment (30 days, 36 rats were divided into 2 groups and fed with a control or a hyperlipidic diet. Six animals from each group were then killed, and the remaining rats were redistributed into 4 new groups: 2 groups remained on the control and hyperlipidic diets, and in the diets of the other 2 groups, the soybean oil was replaced with coconut oil (30 days. At the end of the assay, the biological models were decapitated for blood collection and removal of organs and peritoneal fat. Although the diet intake differed among groups during both stages of the experiment, no differences were noted with regard to weight gain and peritoneal fat. Replacing soybean oil with coconut oil in the rat diet lowered triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein serum concentrations in both groups. Liver parameters, namely, total cholesterol and triacylglycerols, increased with the substitution of soybean oil by coconut oil in the normolipidic diet and decreased in the hyperlipidic diet. Thus, replacing soybean oil by coconut oil may improve serum and liver lipid levels in Wistar rats.

  5. Influence of vegetarian and mixed nutrition on selected haematological and biochemical parameters in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krajcovicová-Kudlácková, M; Simoncic, R; Béderová, A; Grancicová, E; Magálová, T

    1997-10-01

    To evaluate the health and nutritional status of children with two different nutritional habits, the authors examined 26 vegetarians (lacto- and lacto-ovo; an average period of vegetarianism 2.8 years) and 32 individuals on mixed diet (omnivores) in the age range 11-14 years. Vegetarian children had significantly lower erythrocyte number as well as reduced levels of haemoglobin and iron compared to omnivores. The average level of iron did not reach the lower limit of the physiological range and hyposiderinemia was found in 58% of vegetarians vs 9% of omnivores. Reduced iron levels were observed in spite of increased intake of vegetable iron sources and vitamin C (which facilitates the conversion to ferro-form). This reduction can be attributed to the absence of animal iron sources with high utilizability and to lower iron utilization in the presence of phytic acid (higher intake of grains compared to omnivores). The incidence of hypoalbuminemia and hypoproteinemia in vegetarian children was 38 and 12%, respectively, compared to 0% in omnivores. The protein mixture from milk, eggs and vegetable sources is complete, but vegetarian children had significantly reduced intake of milk and dairy products. Favourable lipid and antioxidant parameters in vegetarian children reflect the optimal nutrition composition with respect to the prevention of free radical diseases. Such a nutrition results in significantly lower levels of cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol compared to omnivores and significantly higher and over threshold values of essential antioxidants--vitamin C, vitamin E/cholesterol (more effective protection against LDL oxidation), beta-carotene, vitamin A.

  6. Subclinical hypocalcemia, plasma biochemical parameters, lipid metabolism, postpartum disease, and fertility in postparturient dairy cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlin, W G; Middleton, J R; Spain, J N; Johnson, G C; Ellersieck, M R; Pithua, P

    2013-01-01

    A study was conducted to evaluate the potential association between Ca status at calving and postpartum energy balance, liver lipid infiltration, disease occurrence, milk yield and quality parameters, and fertility in Holstein cows. One hundred cows were assigned to 1 of 2 groups based on whole-blood ionized Ca concentration ([iCa]) on the day of calving [d 0; hypocalcemic [iCa] Cows were blocked based on calving date and parity. Blood samples were collected approximately 14 d from expected calving date (d -14), the day of calving (d 0), and on d 3, 7, 14, 21, and 35 postpartum for measurement of plasma nonesterified fatty acid, iCa, total Ca, glucose, and total and direct bilirubin concentrations, and plasma aspartate aminotransferase and gamma glutamyl transferase activities. Liver biopsies were obtained from a subset of cows on d 0, 7, and 35 for quantification of lipid content. Milk samples were collected on d 3, 7, 14, 21, and 35 postpartum for measurement of somatic cell count and percentages of protein, fat, and solids-not-fat. Data for peak test-day milk yield, services per conception, and days open were obtained from Dairy Herd Improvement Association herd records. Disease occurrence was determined based on herd treatment records. Hypocalcemic cows had significantly higher nonesterified fatty acids on d 0. Hypocalcemic cows also had significantly more lipid in hepatocytes on d 7 and 35 postpartum. However, no statistically significant differences were observed between groups for plasma aspartate aminotransferase and gamma glutamyl transferase activities or total and direct bilirubin concentrations. Milk protein percentage was lower in hypocalcemic cows on d 21 and 35. However other milk quality variables (somatic cell count, milk fat percentage, and solids-not-fat) and milk yield variables (peak test-day milk yield and 305-d mature-equivalent 4% fat-corrected milk yield) did not differ between groups. No differences were observed between groups in the

  7. Potential of liquid extracts of Sargassum wightii on growth, biochemical and yield parameters of cluster bean plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    N Vijayanand; S Sivasangari Ramya; S Rathinavel

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore biofertilizing efficiency of seaweed liquid extracts of brown alga Sargassum wightii (S. wightii) on growth, biochemical and yield parameters of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (C. tetragonoloba). Methods: Seaweeds were made to coarse powder and stock solution was prepared. Different concentrations such as 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0%, 2.5%and 5.0%were prepared and given as foliar spray. Results: Seaweed Liquid Extract (SLE) at low concentration (1.5%) exhibited promoting effect on growth and yield parameters. Differential responses in the content of photosynthetic pigments, protein, reducing sugar, ascorbic acid and in the activity of nitrate reductase were also observed in the leaves of SLE treated seedlings when compared to untreated seedlings. Higher concentrations (above 1.5%) of SLE were found to show inhibitory effect. Conclusion:The presence of micro and macro nutrients, vitamins, growth hormones and other constituents in the seaweed extract might be very much useful to the crops but their level should be appropriate to enhance growth and productivity. It may be concluded that liquid seaweed extracts could serve as cost effective eco-friendly product for sustainable agriculture.

  8. Effect of Dietary Administration of Lathyrus sativus Pulse on Intestinal Biochemical Parameters in Normal and Scorbutic Guinea Pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Objective In order to investigate that ascorbic acid deficiency is responcible for lathyrus toxicity, the effect of dietary feeding of lathyrus pulse in normal and scorbutic guinea pigs for 3 months, on intestinal biochemical parameters was undertaken. Methods The intestinal brush border membrane (BBM) marker and xenobiotic metabolising enzymes (XME) were assayed. Results Exposure to 80% lathyrus alone and in scorbutic conditions showed significant inhibition of alkaline phosphatase (28%-30%), sucrase (19%) and γ-glutamyl transpeptidasc (GGT) (15%-27%)enzymes, while Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase was significantly inhibited (38%) in scorbutic plus lathyrus treated group. The phase Ⅰ XME (AHH) remained unchanged while the phase Ⅱ enzyme glutathioneS-tranferase (GST) was significantly decreased (20%-22%) in lathyrus and scorbutic plus lathyrus treated groups. Quinone reductase (QR) activity was found to be significantly decreased in lathyrus exposed group (20%). The intestinal biomarker contents including hexose (25%-34%) and phospholipids (20%-40%) were significantly reduced in lathyrus and scorbutic plus lathyrus exposed animals, while sialic acid showed a significant decrease (28%) in scorbutic plus lathyrus treated group. However, cholesterol levels were signifcantly enhanced (15%-28%) in lathyrus and scorbutic plus lathyrus treated animals. Conclusion The results indicate that oral feeding of lathyrus pulse to guinea pigs can alter BBM parameters as well as XME, which may result in the intestinal toxicity.Further, ascorbic acid deficiency could be one of the pre-disposing factors of lathyrus toxicity.

  9. Effects of water-current speed on hematological, biochemical and immune parameters in juvenile tinfoil barb, Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (Bleeker, 1854)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zhiming; Song, Bolan; Lin, Xiaotao; Xu, Zhongneng

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the effect of water-current speed on hematological, biochemical and immune parameters in juvenile tinfoil barb ( Barbonymus schwanenfeldii). Blood samples were taken on days 1, 23 and 45 from control fish and from two training groups maintained at current speeds of 0.06 bl/s (body length per second), 0.66 bl/s, and 1.92 bl/s, respectively. Significantly increased red-blood-cell counts and hematocrit were observed in the post-training groups on days 23 and 45. Significantly increased hemoglobin concentrations were also observed in the 1.92 bl/s group on days 23 and 45. In contrast, values of mean corpuscular volume were significantly lower in the 1.92 bl/s group than in the other groups on day 45. Nitroblue-tetrazolium-positive cells and lysozyme and superoxidase dismutase activities in the plasma increased significantly with increasing training intensity on days 23 and 45. Antibacterial activities were significantly increased in the trained groups compared with the control group on day 23; significantly elevated alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in the 1.92 bl/s groups on day 45. Therefore, training intensities of 0.66 and 1.92 bl/s enhanced the blood oxygen-carrying capability and plasma immune parameters of juvenile tinfoil barbs.

  10. Relationships among bulk soil physicochemical, biochemical, and microbiological parameters in an organic alfalfa-rice rotation system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Ana R; Bello, Diana; Prieto-Fernández, Ángeles; Trasar-Cepeda, Carmen; Manaia, Célia M; Nunes, Olga C

    2015-08-01

    The microbial communities of bulk soil of rice paddy fields under an ancient organic agriculture regimen, consisting on an alfalfa-rice rotation system, were characterized. The drained soil of two adjacent paddies at different stages of the rotation was compared before rice seeding and after harvesting. The relationships among the soil microbial, physicochemical, and biochemical parameters were investigated using multivariate analyses. In the first year of rice cropping, aerobic cultivable heterotrophic populations correlated with lineages of presumably aerobic bacteria (e.g., Sphingobacteriales, Sphingomonadales). In the second year of rice cropping, the total C content correlated with presumable anaerobic bacteria (e.g., Anaerolineae). Independently of the year of rice cropping, before rice seeding, proteolytic activity correlated positively with the cultivable aerobic heterotrophic and ammonifier populations, the soil catabolic profile and with presumable aerobes (e.g., Sphingobacteriales, Rhizobiales) and anaerobes (e.g., Bacteroidales, Anaerolineae). After harvesting, strongest correlations were observed between cultivable diazotrophic populations and bacterial groups described as comprising N2 fixing members (e.g., Chloroflexi-Ellin6529, Betaproteobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria). It was demonstrated that chemical parameters and microbial functions were correlated with variations on the total bacterial community composition and structure occurring during rice cropping. A better understanding of these correlations and of their implications on soil productivity may be valid contributors for sustainable agriculture practices, based on ancient processes.

  11. Prediction of data stream parameters in atmospheric turbulent wireless communication links

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiker, A.; Yarkoni, N.; Blaunstein, N.; Zilberman, A.; Kopeika, N.

    2007-01-01

    A unified approach for calculation of information data stream parameters in the atmospheric optical communication channel is presented based on irradiance fluctuations of optical wave propagation through turbulence and on a generalized Ricean K-parameter distribution. The effects of turbulence are described via the well-known Kolmogorov scheme of turbulent structure relaxation in terms of stochastic scintillation theory described by the gamma-gamma distribution along with measurements of the values of the refractive index structure parameter, Cn 2. The relation between the Ricean parameter K and the signal scintillation parameter σI 2 is considered to develop a unified description of the corresponding probability density function (pdf) of signal fading within an atmospheric wireless communication link. Through the corresponding pdf and parameter K, signal data stream parameters such as the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), bit error rate (BER), and capacity of the optical atmospheric channel (C) are estimated. Such an approach permits the reliable prediction of the effects of fading caused by different levels of turbulence and agrees with experimental data observed at different atmospheric levels, at the heights of both 100-200 m and above 1-2 km. It is shown that at heights of 100-200 m, effects of fading, caused by turbulence, occur much more frequently than those at the heights of 1-2 km. Data stream parameters such as channel capacity, SNR, and spectral efficiency become stronger at higher altitudes, while at the same time the BER becomes relatively negligible.

  12. Biochemical and Genetic Markers in Aggressiveness and Recurrence of Prostate Cancer: Race-Specific Links to Inflammation and Insulin Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    which are also risk factors for PCa in this racial group [9, 10]. The proposed studies will test the hypothesis that specific biochemical and genetic ...on the hypothesis that specific biochemical and genetic factors contribute to racial/ethnic disparity in aggressiveness and recurrence of PCa. Our... determine if there are differences in single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in selected candidate genes implicated in metabolic syndrome, obesity, chronic

  13. Assessment of selected biochemical parameters and humoral immune response of Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus) experimentally infected with Trichinella zimbabwensis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Grange, Louis J; Mukaratirwa, Samson

    2014-08-21

    Fifteen crocodiles were randomly divided into three groups of five animals. They represented high-infection, medium-infection and low-infection groups of 642 larvae/kg, 414 larvae/kg and 134 larvae/kg bodyweight, respectively. The parameters assessed were blood glucose, creatine phosphokinase (CPK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT). The humoral immune response to Trichinella zimbabwensis infection was evaluated in all three groups by an indirect ELISA method. The results showed deviations from normal parameters of blood glucose, CPK, LDH, AST and ALT when compared with reported levels in uninfected reptiles. Contrary to studies involving mammals, hypoglycaemia was not observed in the infected groups in this study. Peak values of blood glucose were reached on post-infection (PI) Day 49, Day 42 and Day 35 in the high-infection, medium-infection and low-infection groups, respectively. Peak values of LDH and AST were observed on PI Day 56, Day 49 and Day 42 in the high-infection, medium-infection and low-infection groups, respectively. Peak values of CPK were observed on Day 35 PI in all three groups. Peak ALT values were reached on Day 56 in the high-infection group and on Day 28 PI in both the medium-infection and low-infection groups. No correlations between the biochemical parameters and infection intensity were observed. Peak antibody titres were reached on Day 49 PI in the medium-infection group, and on Day 42 PI in both the high-infection and low-infection groups. Infection intensity could not be correlated with the magnitude of the humoral immune response or time to sero-conversion. Results from this study were in agreement with results reported in mammals infected with other Trichinella species and showed that antibody titres could not be detected indefinitely.

  14. Effects of cypermethrin on some clinico-hemato-biochemical and pathological parameters in male dwarf goats (Capra hircus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Ahrar; Faridi, Hafiz A M; Ali, Muhammad; Khan, Muhammad Zargham; Siddique, Muhammad; Hussain, Iftikhar; Ahmad, Maqbool

    2009-03-01

    This study was carried out on 30 dwarf bucks to determine the effects of cypermethrin (CY) on clinical, hemato-biochemical and histopathological parameters. Animals were divided randomly into five equal groups, and each group was dipped in 0%, 0.1%, 0.4%, 0.8% or 1.6% CY, on days 0 and 15. Animals were monitored for clinical signs. Blood and serum samples were collected on day 0 and then fortnightly till day 75. Severe clinical signs comprising itching, restlessness, salivation, skin scratching and head shaking appeared at high doses (0.8% and 1.6% CY). Erythrocyte counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit, total protein, globulin and fibrinogen decreased significantly while total leukocyte counts, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase concentration increased significantly in all the treated groups. In the liver, necrosis of hepatocytes along with cytoplasmic vacuolation and fibroblasts proliferation were observed at a high dose of CY (1.6%). Microscopically kidneys showed congestion of parenchyma and condensation of epithelial cells of tubules along with deposition of casts in tubules. Shrinkage of glomerular capillaries and increased urinary spaces were pronounced in the high-dose group. Lungs exhibited accumulation of fibrinous exudation, thickening of alveolar walls, collapse and broken alveoli in animals treated with a high dose of CY. It was concluded that CY caused dose-dependent effects on all parameters studied. High doses of CY (0.8% and 1.6% solution) affected the parameters on erythrocytes and leukocytes for whole evaluation period, while effects on plasma proteins were transient and on ALT, AST and fibrinogen were transient but lasted a few weeks longer.

  15. Effect of soaked Moringa oleifera seeds on growth rates and the levels of some biochemical parameters in albino rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igwilo, I O; Ogoke, T J; Ogbu, D O; Igwilo, S N; Obi, E; Abdulsalami, M S

    2013-01-01

    Moringa oleifera is a multipurpose tree, cultivated in the tropics and sub-tropics for its nutritional and therapeutic properties. The raw matured seeds which have been reported to be used as food and clarifying agent of turbid water caused growth retardation in albino rats and this might have been due to its antinutritional contents. Owing to these adverse factors, the effect of soaking the seeds for 30 min and then compounding it as feeds was done. Its effect on growth rate and the level of some biochemical parameters on rats were investigated. The Wistar albino rats were fed for 21 days and their weights measured at 2 days interval. Aspartate and Alanine transaminases, Alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin levels were assayed using Automated Vitros 350 Chemistry Analyzer. The growth rates of rats fed with the commercial rat pellets, Casilan diet and the processed Moringa seed diet had a range of 80.06 +/- 3.54 to 100.98 +/- 5.37, 66.70 +/- 7.54 to 55.23 +/- 7.47 and 52.99 +/- 4.15 to 35.47 +/- 2.26, respectively. The parameters assayed for the group that received the processed Moringa seed diet are 144.00 +/- 16.80 (AST), 41.00 +/- 7.05 (ALT), 66.50 +/- 8.80 (ALP) and 12.45 +/- 1.18 (Total Bilirubin). The one-way ANOVA statistical analysis indicated that there was no significant change in the parameters of all the groups at 95% significance level (p Moringa oleifera seed did not support growth in the animal subjects and also did not pose a threat to the liver. However, it is better to develop more suitable processing methods to improve the seed's nutritional capabilities.

  16. Assessment of selected biochemical parameters and humoral immune response of Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus experimentally infected with Trichinella zimbabwensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis J. La Grange

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Fifteen crocodiles were randomly divided into three groups of five animals. They represented high-infection, medium-infection and low-infection groups of 642 larvae/kg, 414 larvae/kg and 134 larvae/kg bodyweight, respectively. The parameters assessed were blood glucose, creatine phosphokinase (CPK, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, aspartate transaminase (AST and alanine transaminase (ALT. The humoral immune response to Trichinella zimbabwensis infection was evaluated in all three groups by an indirect ELISA method. The results showed deviations from normal parameters of blood glucose, CPK, LDH, AST and ALT when compared with reported levels in uninfected reptiles. Contrary to studies involving mammals, hypoglycaemia was not observed in the infected groups in this study. Peak values of blood glucose were reached on post-infection (PI Day 49, Day 42 and Day 35 in the high-infection, medium-infection and low-infection groups, respectively. Peak values of LDH and AST were observed on PI Day 56, Day 49 and Day 42 in the high-infection, medium-infection and low-infection groups, respectively. Peak values of CPK were observed on Day 35 PI in all three groups. Peak ALT values were reached on Day 56 in the high-infection group and on Day 28 PI in both the medium-infection and low-infection groups. No correlations between the biochemical parameters and infection intensity were observed. Peak antibody titres were reached on Day 49 PI in the medium-infection group, and on Day 42 PI in both the high-infection and low-infection groups. Infection intensity could not be correlated with the magnitude of the humoral immune response or time to sero-conversion. Results from this study were in agreement with results reported in mammals infected with other Trichinella species and showed that antibody titres could not be detected indefinitely.

  17. Effects of a low-radiotoxicity uranium salt (uranyl acetate) on biochemical and hematological parameters of the catfish, Clarias gariepinus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ghanim, Khalid A.; Ahmad, Zubair; Al-Kahem Al-Balawi, Hmoud F.; Al-Misned, Fahad; Maboob, Shahid; Suliman, El-Amin M.

    2016-01-01

    Specimens of Clarias gariepinus were treated with lethal (70, 75, 80, 85, 90, and 95 mg/L) and sub-lethal concentrations (8, 12 and 16 mg/L) of uranyl acetate, a low-radiotoxicity uranium salt. The LC 50 value was registered as 81.45 mg/L. The protein and glycogen concentrations in liver and muscles were decreased in the fish exposed to sub-lethal concentrations. The red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) counts, haemoglobin (Hb) concentration and haematocrit (Hct) values were decreased. Different blood indices like mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were negatively affected. Level of plasma glucose was elevated whereas protein was decreased. The level of calcium concentration (Ca) was declined in the blood of exposed fish whereas magnesium (Mg) remains unchanged. The activity level of glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) was elevated in exposed fish. These effects were more pronounced in the last period of exposure and in higher concentrations. Results of the present study indicate that uranyl acetate has adverse effects on Clarias gariepinus and causes changes in the biochemical and hematological parameters of the fish.

  18. Effects of Calendula Essential Oil-Based Cream on Biochemical Parameters of Skin of Albino Rats against Ultraviolet B Radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Arun K; Mishra, Amrita; Verma, Anurag; Chattopadhyay, Pronobesh

    2012-01-01

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated from UV-B radiation have the capacity to cause oxidative decomposition which leads to the formation of toxic components as well as lipid peroxidation. Considering this fact, the present study was performed to evaluate the effect of a cream (O/W) containing the essential oil of Calendula officinalis on biochemical parameters of the skin of albino rats against UV-B radiation. The fingerprint analysis of Calendula essential oil was performed by HPLC with special reference to 1,8-cineole and α-pinene. The results indicated that the treatment with creams containing 4% and 5% of Calendula essential oil caused a significant decrease in the malonyldialdehyde level, whereas the levels of catalase, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, ascorbic acid, and the total protein level were significantly increased after 1 month of daily irradiation and treatment when compared to untreated control groups. The results suggest that the cutaneous application of the essential oil of Calendula prevents UV-B-induced alterations in the level of antioxidants in skin tissue.

  19. Protective effects of ectoine on behavioral, physiological and biochemical parameters of Daphnia magna subjected to hydrogen peroxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bownik, Adam; Stępniewska, Zofia

    2015-04-01

    Ectoine (ECT) is an osmoprotectant produced by halophilic microorganisms inducing protective effects against various stressful factors. However, little is known about its influence on aquatic invertebrates subjected to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-a commonly used oxidative disinfectant. Therefore, the aim of our study was to determine the effects of H2O2 alone (at 5 and 10 mg/L) and in the combination with various concentrations of ECT (5, 10 and 25 mg/L) on behavioral, physiological and biochemical parameters of Daphnia magna. The following endpoints were determined: mortality, heart rate, thoracic limb movement, total glutathione (GSH)/oxidized glutathione (GSSG) ratio, catalase (CAT) activity and nitric oxide (NOx) level. The study showed that daphnids exposed to the combination of H2O2+ECT showed decreased mortality, attenuated inhibition of heart rate and thoracic limb activity, less decreased GSH/GSSG ratio, lower stimulation of CAT activity and NOx level when compared to the crustaceans exposed to H2O2 alone. The most pronounced alleviation of toxic effects was observed in the combination of 5 mg/L H2O2+25 mg/L ECT. The results suggest that protective effects of ECT in D. magna subjected to H2O2 may be related to antioxidative properties of the osmoprotectant.

  20. Evaluation of hormonal change, biochemical parameters, and histopathological status of uterus in rats exposed to 50-Hz electromagnetic field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, M; Cevik, A; Kandemir, F M; Yuksel, M; Apaydin, A M

    2009-04-01

    This study investigates the effects of the electromagnetic field (EMF) resulting from the 170 kV high-voltage power lines on hormonal status, on progesterone and 17-beta estradiol levels, and on morphology of the uterus and ovaries associated with biochemical parameters of adult Wistar female rats. The rats were assigned to experimental (21) and control groups (7). The rats in the experimental group were housed in a wooden barn with 7.5 m vertical distance to the power line. Groups 1, 2, and 3 were exposed continuously (24 h) to electric-electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) (48.21 +/- 1.58 mG) for 1, 2, and 3 months, respectively. The rats of group 4 served as the control and were placed in laboratory conditions (The average value of the ELF was 0.75 +/- 0.05 V/m. The value of the EMF was calculated to be 0.48 +/- 0.05 mG.). Significant (P glutathione and malondialdehyde levels. It is concluded that exposure to the ELF-EMFs for different time periods produced significant decreases in plasma catalase activities in the 3-month exposure groups but no effects on progesterone level, on 17-beta estradiol level, or on the morphology and weight of uterus and ovaries.

  1. Investigating the Effect of Oral Consumption of Tear Assafoetida on Hepatic, Renal, Cardiac, and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Esmailidehaj

    2013-12-01

    Methods: Forty male Wistar rats, with average weighting of 300 grams, were divided into five groups of eight in each. The first group was considered as control group and groups 2-5 as the pretreatment groups that were pre-treatmented by 12.5, 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg tear assafoetida for 30 days, respectively. Then, blood samples were collected for measurement of biochemical parameters of liver (AST, ALT, ALP, kidney (Urea, Cr, cardiac (CPK and blood coagulation (Pt, Ptt. Blood pressures were also recorded through inserting a cannula into the carotid artery. Lead II of electrocardiogram was used to monitor electrical activity of the heart. Data was analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. Results: The plasma level of AST, CPK and Ptt significantly reduced in pretreatment groups with assafoetida (P<0.05. With increasing the dose of assafoetida, plasma urea concentration reduced and plasma Cr concentration and all blood pressures increased insignificantly. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that low doses of tear assafoetida (25 mg/kg does not probably have any side effects and even maybe useful for health, but at higher doses (100 mg/kg it may lead to complications. Hence, there is a need for further studies to answer some questions that arose from this study.

  2. Influence of magnesium on biochemical parameters of iron and oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiane Araùjo Sampaio

    Full Text Available Introduction: Studies have shown that oxidative stress, found in patients with type 2 diabetes, may be due to changes in the metabolism of minerals, such as magnesium and iron. Data related to compartmentalization of these minerals in diabetes are scarce and controversial. Objective: This study assessed the influence of magnesium on biochemical parameters of iron and oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A case-control study in male and female subjects aged 27-59 years, divided into two groups: type 2 diabetes (n=40 and control (n=48. Intake of magnesium and iron was assessed by three-day food record. Plasma, erythrocyte and urinary levels of magnesium, serum iron, ferritin, total iron binding capacity, fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin, creatinine clearance and plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS were analyzed. Results and Discussion: Magnesium intake and plasma magnesium were lower in diabetic subjects. There was low urinary magnesium excretion, with no difference between groups. Although normal, the diabetic group had lower serum iron and ferritin concentrations compared to control subjects. Plasma TBARS in diabetic patients was higher than control while creatinine clearance was lower. An inverse correlation between erythrocyte magnesium and serum iron and ferritin was observed in the diabetes group. Conclusions: Diabetes induced hypomagnesemia and this, associated with chronic hyperglycemia, may have enhanced oxidative stress. Erythrocyte magnesium may have contributed to prevent iron overload and worsening of oxidative stress and hyperglycemic status.

  3. Influence of thyroid hormones on biochemical parameters of liver function: a case-control study in North Indian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayashree Bhattacharjee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal level of thyroid hormones is important for normal hepatic function and thyroid dysfunction may modulate metabolic function of liver. The purpose of this study is to determine whether liver function is associated with subclinical and overt hypothyroidism. Thyroid and liver function tests were evaluated in 47 patients with overt (TSH ≥10.0 mIU/L and 77 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (TSH 6.0-9.9mIU/L and compared with 120 age-matched euthyroid controls. Subjects with overt hypothyroidism had significantly raised serum ALT, AST, ALP and total protein levels as compared to controls whereas subclinical hypothyroid patients had significantly increased levels of serum ALT, ALP and total protein. Further, TSH showed significant positive correlation with AST and ALP values whereas fT3 and fT4 had a negative correlation with AST in overt hypothyroidism. Thus, overt hypothyroid state is associated with significant derangement in biochemical parameters of liver function. Hence, liver function should be regularly monitored in hypothyroid patients.

  4. Association analysis of urotensin II gene (UTS2 and flanking regions with biochemical parameters related to insulin resistance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María E Sáez

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Urotensin II (UII is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, which signals through a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR known as GPR14 or urotensin receptor (UTR. UII exerts a broad spectrum of actions in several systems such as vascular cell, heart muscle or pancreas, where it inhibits insulin release. OBJECTIVE: Given the reported role of UII in insulin secretion, we have performed a genetic association analysis of the UTS2 gene and flanking regions with biochemical parameters related to insulin resistance (fasting glucose, glucose 2 hours after a glucose overload, fasting insulin and insulin resistance estimated as HOMA. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We have identified several polymorphisms associated with the analysed clinical traits, not only at the UTS2 gene, but also in thePER3 gene, located upstream from UTS2. Our results are compatible with a role for UII in glucose homeostasis and diabetes although we cannot rule out the possibility that PER3 gene may underlie the reported associations.

  5. Effects of lycopene supplementation in both maternal and offspring diets on growth performance, antioxidant capacity and biochemical parameters in chicks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, B; Chen, C; Wang, W; Ma, J; Xie, Q; Gao, Y; Chen, F; Zhang, X; Bi, Y

    2015-02-01

    This study investigated the effects of different supplementation ways of lycopene during pre-hatch (from the diet of hens) and post-hatch (from the diet of progeny) on production performance, antioxidant capacity and biochemical parameters in chicks. In total, 360 hens were fed diets supplemented with 0 (control group) or 40 mg lycopene/kg diet. From 28 to 34 days after the start of supplementation (30 weeks old), 650 qualified eggs were collected to artificial incubation. In this trial, 2 × 2 factorial designs were used. Male chicks hatched from hens fed with 0 or 40 mg lycopene/kg diet were fed a diet containing either 0 or 40 mg lycopene/kg diet. The results showed that, relative to control, in ovo-deposited lycopene significantly increased chick birth body weight, improved liver total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione to oxidized glutathione ratio (GSH: GSSG), and significantly declined liver malondialdehyde (MDA) level and increased liver lycopene content during 0-14 days after hatching. On days 14 after hatching, dietary lycopene in diet began to take over gradually. Both supplementation ways of lycopene increased immune organ index, serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, villus length and villus/crypt in duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Data in this study suggested lycopene supplementation could improve antioxidant capacity and immune function, and regulate lipid metabolism in chicks.

  6. Black pepper (Piper nigrum in diets for laying hens on performance, egg quality and blood biochemical parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Duque Melo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the increasing levels (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6% of black pepper in diets for laying hens on performance, egg quality and blood biochemical parameters. Hissex White hens (n=168 at 30 weeks of age were used. The experimental method was completely randomized with seven treatments with four replicates of six birds each. Estimates of black pepper levels were determined by polynomial regression. The performance showed no significant differences (p > 0.05. The eggshell percentage was significantly influenced (p < 0.05, in which the level of 0.30% inclusion impaired eggshell quality. Triglycerides level increased significantly (p < 0.05, according to increasing levels of black pepper in the diet. It can be concluded that black pepper can be used in diets for laying hens as phytogenic additive without harming the performance. However, this inclusion causes a reduction in eggshell percentage and an increase in the level of triglycerides in the bloodstream.

  7. The Impact of Carrot Enriched in Iodine through Soil Fertilization on Iodine Concentration and Selected Biochemical Parameters in Wistar Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piątkowska, Ewa; Kopeć, Aneta; Bieżanowska-Kopeć, Renata; Pysz, Mirosław; Kapusta-Duch, Joanna; Koronowicz, Aneta Agnieszka; Smoleń, Sylwester; Skoczylas, Łukasz; Ledwożyw-Smoleń, Iwona; Rakoczy, Roksana; Maślak, Edyta

    2016-01-01

    Iodine is one of the trace elements which are essential for mammalian life. The major objective of iodine biofortification of plants is to obtain food rich in this trace element, which may increase its consumption by various populations. Additionally, it may reduce the risk of iodine deficiency diseases. In this research for the first time we have assessed the bioavailability of iodine from raw or cooked carrot biofortified with this trace element on iodine concentration in selected tissues and various biochemical parameters as well as mRNA expression of some genes involved in iodine metabolism in Wistar rats. Statistically, a significantly higher iodine level was determined in urine, faeces and selected tissues of rats fed a diet containing biofortified raw carrot as compared to a diet without iodine and a diet containing control cooked carrot. Biofortified raw carrot significantly increased triiodothyronine concentration as compared to animals from other experimental groups. The highest thyroid stimulating hormone level was determined in rats fed control cooked carrots. mRNA expression of selected genes was affected by different dietary treatment in rats' hearts. Biofortified raw and cooked carrot could be taken into account as a potential source of iodine in daily diets to prevent iodine deficiency in various populations.

  8. The Impact of Carrot Enriched in Iodine through Soil Fertilization on Iodine Concentration and Selected Biochemical Parameters in Wistar Rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Piątkowska

    Full Text Available Iodine is one of the trace elements which are essential for mammalian life. The major objective of iodine biofortification of plants is to obtain food rich in this trace element, which may increase its consumption by various populations. Additionally, it may reduce the risk of iodine deficiency diseases. In this research for the first time we have assessed the bioavailability of iodine from raw or cooked carrot biofortified with this trace element on iodine concentration in selected tissues and various biochemical parameters as well as mRNA expression of some genes involved in iodine metabolism in Wistar rats. Statistically, a significantly higher iodine level was determined in urine, faeces and selected tissues of rats fed a diet containing biofortified raw carrot as compared to a diet without iodine and a diet containing control cooked carrot. Biofortified raw carrot significantly increased triiodothyronine concentration as compared to animals from other experimental groups. The highest thyroid stimulating hormone level was determined in rats fed control cooked carrots. mRNA expression of selected genes was affected by different dietary treatment in rats' hearts. Biofortified raw and cooked carrot could be taken into account as a potential source of iodine in daily diets to prevent iodine deficiency in various populations.

  9. Changes in Biochemical, Strength, Flexibility, and Aerobic Capacity Parameters after a 1700 km Ultraendurance Cycling Race

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    Vicente Javier Clemente-Suarez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present research was to study the organic response after ultraendurance cycling race. Selected biochemical, leg strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity parameters were analyzed in 6 subjects 5 days before and 5 days after completing a 1700 km ultraendurance cycling race. After the race, participants presented a significant decrease in Hb (167.8 ± 9.5 versus 141.6 ± 15.7 mg/dL, strength (29.4 ± 2.7 versus 25.5 ± 3.7 cm in a countermovement jump, and oxygen uptake and heart rate at ventilatory threshold (1957.0 ± 458.4 versus 1755.2 ± 281.5 mL/kg/min and 140.0 ± 9.7 versus 130.8 ± 8.3 bpm, resp.. Testosterone presented a decrease tendency (4.2 ± 2.5 versus 3.9 ± 2.6 ng/L in opposition to the increase tendency of cortisol and ammonium parameters. Transferrin and iron levels presented high values related to an overstimulation of the liver, a normal renal function, a tendency to decrease flexibility, and an increase in aerobic capacity, finding a tendency to increase the absolute maximal oxygen uptake (37.2 ±2.4 versus 38.7 ± 1.8 mL/min in contrast to previous studies conducted with subjects with similar age. These results can be used to program training interventions, recovery times between probes, and nutritional and/or ergonomic strategies in ultraendurance events.

  10. Effect of Pesticide Exposure on Immunological, Hematological and Biochemical Parameters in Thai Orchid Farmers— A Cross-Sectional Study

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    Soraya Aroonvilairat

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Various studies have found that many Thai orchid farmers used excessive amounts of pesticides without proper protective gear, but no toxicological study has been made. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the immunological, hematological and biochemical statuses of these farmers. Sixty four orchid farmers and 60 controls were studied. Plasma cholinesterase activity, the percentage and absolute number of B lymphocytes (CD19+ were significantly lower in the farmers group (3966.32 ± 1165.48 U/L, 11.61 ± 4.09% and 312.26 ± 164.83 cells/mm3, respectively as compared to those of controls (5048.85 ± 1139.40 U/L, 14.32 ± 4.23%, 420.34 ± 195.18 cells/mm3, respectively. There was a statistically significant higher level of serum IgE among the orchid farmers (0.031 ± 0.011 mg/dL vs. 0.018 ± 0.007 mg/dL but not IgG, IgA and IgM, levels. Serum lysozyme level, lymphocyte proliferative responses to mitogens, hematological parameters and kidney function test, were not significantly different between the two groups. The liver function profiles showed significantly lower levels of albumin and serum protein in the farmer group. Thus frequent pesticide exposure resulted in subtle changes of some biological parameters. These changes, though may not be clinically significant, strongly indicated that caution in handing pesticides by these farmers is warranted.

  11. Effect of pesticide exposure on immunological, hematological and biochemical parameters in thai orchid farmers- a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aroonvilairat, Soraya; Kespichayawattana, Wannapa; Sornprachum, Thiwaree; Chaisuriya, Papada; Siwadune, Taweeratana; Ratanabanangkoon, Kavi

    2015-05-27

    Various studies have found that many Thai orchid farmers used excessive amounts of pesticides without proper protective gear, but no toxicological study has been made. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the immunological, hematological and biochemical statuses of these farmers. Sixty four orchid farmers and 60 controls were studied. Plasma cholinesterase activity, the percentage and absolute number of B lymphocytes (CD19+) were significantly lower in the farmers group (3966.32±1165.48 U/L, 11.61±4.09% and 312.26±164.83 cells/mm3, respectively) as compared to those of controls (5048.85±1139.40 U/L, 14.32±4.23%, 420.34±195.18 cells/mm3, respectively). There was a statistically significant higher level of serum IgE among the orchid farmers (0.031±0.011 mg/dL vs. 0.018±0.007 mg/dL) but not IgG, IgA and IgM, levels. Serum lysozyme level, lymphocyte proliferative responses to mitogens, hematological parameters and kidney function test, were not significantly different between the two groups. The liver function profiles showed significantly lower levels of albumin and serum protein in the farmer group. Thus frequent pesticide exposure resulted in subtle changes of some biological parameters. These changes, though may not be clinically significant, strongly indicated that caution in handing pesticides by these farmers is warranted.

  12. Effect of Pesticide Exposure on Immunological, Hematological and Biochemical Parameters in Thai Orchid Farmers—A Cross-Sectional Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aroonvilairat, Soraya; Kespichayawattana, Wannapa; Sornprachum, Thiwaree; Chaisuriya, Papada; Siwadune, Taweeratana; Ratanabanangkoon, Kavi

    2015-01-01

    Various studies have found that many Thai orchid farmers used excessive amounts of pesticides without proper protective gear, but no toxicological study has been made. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the immunological, hematological and biochemical statuses of these farmers. Sixty four orchid farmers and 60 controls were studied. Plasma cholinesterase activity, the percentage and absolute number of B lymphocytes (CD19+) were significantly lower in the farmers group (3966.32 ± 1165.48 U/L, 11.61 ± 4.09% and 312.26 ± 164.83 cells/mm3, respectively) as compared to those of controls (5048.85 ± 1139.40 U/L, 14.32 ± 4.23%, 420.34 ± 195.18 cells/mm3, respectively). There was a statistically significant higher level of serum IgE among the orchid farmers (0.031 ± 0.011 mg/dL vs. 0.018 ± 0.007 mg/dL) but not IgG, IgA and IgM, levels. Serum lysozyme level, lymphocyte proliferative responses to mitogens, hematological parameters and kidney function test, were not significantly different between the two groups. The liver function profiles showed significantly lower levels of albumin and serum protein in the farmer group. Thus frequent pesticide exposure resulted in subtle changes of some biological parameters. These changes, though may not be clinically significant, strongly indicated that caution in handing pesticides by these farmers is warranted. PMID:26024358

  13. Effect of vitamin e supplementation on biochemical parameters in pesticides sprayers of grape gardens of Western maharashtra (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Jyotsna A; Patil, Arun J; Sontakke, Ajit V; Govindwar, Sanjay P

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this study was to see the biochemical effects of pesticides on sprayers of grape gardens before and after 15 days of vitamin E supplementations in Western Maharashtra (India), who were occupationally exposed to various pesticides over a long period of time (about 5 to 15 years). Blood samples were collected from all study group subjects for biochemical parameters assays before and after 15 days of vitamin E supplementation. Sprayers of grape gardens were given 400 mg of vitamin E tablet/day for 15 days. After 15 days of vitamin E supplementation to sprayers of grape gardens, we observed significantly decreased aspartate transaminase (10.88 %, P gardens, who received vitamin E supplementation, showed significantly decreased serum lipid peroxide (LP) (18.75 %, P < 0.001, r = 0.63) and significantly increased RBC-superoxide dismutase (SOD) (12.88 %, P < 0.001, r = 0.85), RBC-Catalase (CAT) (24.49 %, P < 0.001, r = 0.70), plasma ceruloplasmin (CP) (4.6 %, P < 0.01, r = 0.80), serum zinc (4.57 %, P < 0.01, r = 0.83) and serum copper (4.37 %, P < 0.01, r = 0.79) as compared to values before vitamin E supplementation. These results showed that vitamin E supplementation has ameliorating effects on these transaminase enzymes, suggesting that it may have a protective effect on liver, from pesticides induced damage. In this study vitamin E supplementation might have decreased LP levels by breaking chain reaction of lipid peroxidation. Present results indicate that vitamin E plays a crucial role in restoring the antioxidant enzymes such as SOD, CAT and CP, in population exposed to pesticides. This helps to enhance its antioxidant ability. Therefore, it is suggested that farmers, pesticide applicators, workers in the pesticide industry and other pesticide users, who come in regular contact with pesticides, may be benefited by supplementation with vitamin E.

  14. Association of Helicobacter pylori IgG antibody with various demographic and biochemical parameters in kidney transplant recipients

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    Azar Baradaran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Few reports are available regarding the promoting factors that affect Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori infection in renal transplant (RTx patients. We report a cross-sectional study that was conducted on a group of stable RTx patients to investigate the relationship of various demographic and biochemical parameters of these patients with serum H. pylori IgG antibody titer as a sign of H. pylori infection. A total of 72 patients who were referred to the clinic for continuing their treatment were enrolled in this study. These patients included 47 males and 25 females. The mean age of the study patients was 44 (±12 years. The mean length of time after they received a transplanted kidney was 67.5 (±42 months (median: 62 months. The mean value of serum H. pylori-specific IgG antibody titer among these patients was 3 (±4.6 U/mL (median: 1 U/mL, and that of intact parathormone (iPTH was 18.4 (±8.2 pg/mL (median: 16.5 pg/mL. The mean serum magnesium (Mg was 1.9 (±0.20 mg/dL (median: 1.9 mg/dL and the mean creatinine clearance was 53 (±11 mL/min (median: 56 mL/min. In this study population, there was no significant difference in the H. pylori IgG antibody titers, serum iPTH, Mg, calcium, alkaline phosphatase and albumin levels as well as body mass index (BMI between males and females or diabetics and non-diabetics. There was no significant relationship between serum H. pylori IgG antibody titers and the age of the patients, BMI, serum Alb, phosphorus, Ca, serum leptin and serum ALP. Significant negative correlation between serum H. pylori IgG antibody titers and serum Mg (r = -0.30, P = 0.01 and serum iPTH (r = -0.25, P = 0.03 was seen. A significant positive correlation was found between serum H. pylori IgG antibody titer and creatinine clearance (r = 0.26, P = 0.02, and a near-significant positive correlation was found with the duration of RTx (r = 0.20, P = 0.08. Our study shows that the correlation of H. pylori IgG antibody titer with some

  15. Investigation on some biochemical parameters and effect of hormonal treatment in anoestrous dairy cows with cystic ovarian follicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    StanimirA Yotov; AnatoliS Atanasov; GeorgiB Georgiev; JulietaD Dineva; NadejdaA Palova

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate some blood biochemical parameters in anoestrous dairy cows with cystic ovarian follicles(COF) during the first two months post partum and the effect of hCG-PGF2α-GnRH treatment on their reproductive response.Methods:The investigation was performed on20 lactatingHolstein cows, divided into two groups: control group(n=8) and treated group (n=12).All animals had cystic ovarian follicles, detected during the two consecutive transrectal ultrasound examinations at7-day interval.Blood samples from each animal were collected on the day of second ultrasonography(Day0) and subjected to a hormonal and biochemical analysis. Treated cows were subjected to another ultrasound examination on day of prostaglandin injection and the presence of corpus luteum was recorded.The control animals were not treated, while the treated group received1500IU hCG on day0,PGF2α500 mg on day7 and100 μgGnRH 48 hours latter.Eighteen hours afterGnRH administration animals bearing corpus luteum on Day7 were artificiallly inseminated.The last ultrasound examination was made forty days after start of the threapy.On the base of the obtained results, cumulative oestrous activity, cumulative ovulation rate, pregnancy rate andCOF persistence were determined.Results:The blood analysis in the both groups onDay0 showed significantly(P<0.05) lower mean concentration of progesterone, glucose and inorganic phosphate compared to the reference range values for cyclic dairy cows.Cumulative oestrous activity(91.7%) and cumulative ovulation rate(75.0%) were considerably higher(P<0.05) in treated group than control group, whereas the cystic follicle persistence(25.0%) was lower(P<0.05) in the treated group than control group.Conclusions:The present study confirmed the thesis for low blood levels of glucose and inorganic phosphate in cows presenting cystic ovarian follicles.It also indicated significant improvement of cumulative oestrous activity and ovulation rate in animals subjected toh

  16. Three linked nomograms for predicting biochemical failure in prostate cancer treated with radiotherapy plus androgen deprivation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Torrecilla, Jose [Hospital General Universitario, Servicio Oncologia Radioterapica- ERESA, Valencia (Spain); Boladeras, Anna [Institut Catala d' Oncologia, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Hospitalet (Spain); Angeles Cabeza, Maria [Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Madrid (Spain); Zapatero, Almudena [Hospital Universitario de la Princesa, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Madrid (Spain); Jove, Josep [Institut Catala d' Oncologia, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Badalona (Spain); Esteban, Luis M. [Universidad de Zaragoza, Escuela Universitaria Politecnica de La Almunia, Zaragoza (Spain); Henriquez, Ivan [Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Reus (Spain); Casana, Manuel; Mengual, Jose Luis [Fundacion Instituto Valenciano de Oncologia, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Valencia (Spain); Gonzalez-San Segundo, Carmen [Hospital Universitario Gregorio Maranon, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Madrid (Spain); Gomez-Caamano, Antonio [Hospital Clinico Universitario de Santiago, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Hervas, Asuncion [Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Madrid (Spain); Munoz, Julia Luisa [Hospital Infanta Cristina, S.Oncologia Radioterapica, Badajoz (Spain); Sanz, Gerardo [Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Metodos Estadisticos, Zaragoza (Spain)

    2015-10-15

    Nomograms were established to predict biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radiotherapy (RT) with a low weight of the characteristic variables of RT and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Our aim is to provide a new stratified tool for predicting BCR at 4 and 7 years in patients treated using RT with radical intent. A retrospective, nonrandomized analysis was performed on 5044 prostate cancer (PCa) patients with median age 70 years, who received RT - with or without ADT - between November 1992 and May 2007. Median follow-up was 5.5 years. BCR was defined as a rise in serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) of 2 ng/ml over the post-treatment PSA nadir. Univariate association between predictor variables and BCR was assessed by the log-rank test, and three linked nomograms were created for multivariate prognosis of BCR-free survival. Each nomogram corresponds to a category of the Gleason score - either 6,7, or 8-10 - and all of them were created from a single proportional hazards regression model stratified also by months of ADT (0, 1-6, 7-12, 13-24, 25-36, 36-60). The performance of this model was analyzed by calibration, discrimination, and clinical utility. Initial PSA, clinical stage, and RT dose were significant variables (p < 0.01). The model showed a good calibration. The concordance probability was 0.779, improving those obtained with other nomograms (0.587, 0.571, 0.554) in the database. Survival curves showed best clinical utility in a comparison with National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) risk groups. For each Gleason score category, the nomogram provides information on the benefit of adding ADT to a specific RT dose. (orig.) [German] Es wurden Nomogramme etabliert, um ein biochemisches Rezidiv (BCR) nach einer Strahlentherapie (RT) vorhersagen zu koennen und den Einfluss der charakteristischen Variablen der RT und der Androgendeprivationstherapie (ADT) dabei moeglichst gering zu halten. Unser Ziel ist es, ein neues stratifiziertes Instrument

  17. Ameliorative effects of L-carnitine and vitamin E (α-tocopherol) on haematological and serum biochemical parameters in White Leghorn cockerels given ochratoxin A contaminated feed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abidin, Z; Khan, M Z; Khatoon, A; Saleemi, M K; Khan, A; Javed, I

    2013-01-01

    1. L-carnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound biologically synthesised from the amino acids methionine and lysine while vitamin E (α-tocopherol) is an important antioxidant. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the ameliorative effects of L-carnitine and vitamin E upon haematological and serum biochemical parameters in ochratoxin A intoxicated birds. 2. Day-old White Leghorn cockerels were acclimatised for 2 d, divided in 12 groups with 20 birds in each group. From d 3 of age, they were given different combinations of ochratoxin A (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg), L-carnitine (1 g/kg) and vitamin E (200 mg/kg) in feed. Haematological (erythrocyte count, leucocyte count, haemoglobin concentration and haematocrit percentage) and serum biochemical parameters (serum urea, creatinine, albumin, total proteins and alanine aminotransferase) were evaluated. 3. Results confirmed that L-carnitine and vitamin E given alone or combined with 1.0 mg/kg ochratoxin A ameliorated toxin induced alterations in haematological and serum biochemical parameters. This amelioration, however, did not occur when ochratoxin of 2.0 mg/kg was given. 4. L-carnitine and vitamin E in combination have the ability to ameliorate ochratoxin altered haematological and serum biochemical parameters. However, the optimum ratio of L-carnitine + vitamin E, to be used to assure such mitigation of ochratoxin A altered changes in haematological and serum biochemical parameters in cockerels, has yet to be determined. The combination used in this study was indeed sufficient to ameliorate the alterations induced by ochratoxin A up to 1.0 mg/kg feed.

  18. EFFECTS OF SOYBEAN MEAL BASED DIET ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND HEMOLYMPH BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF NARROW-CLAWED CRAYFISH (ASTACUS LEPTODACYLUS ESCHSCHOLTZ, 1823

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Banaee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Like other crustaceans, narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodacylus Eschscholtz, 1823 can change its diet to the available food during varied life cycles. Diet alteration can affect different biological indices of this species, therefore this study aims at studying changes in growth indices, hemolymph biochemical parameters and biochemical quality of its carcasses, which might occur during diet change of crayfish. The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of partial replacement of fish meal with soybean meal on growth performance, carcass quality and hemolymph biochemical parameters of narrow-clawed crayfish. 90 healthy adult narrow-clawed crayfish (W=35.50±4.05 g; TL=16.96±1.92 cm were randomly distributed into 9 fiberglass tanks (200 L and were fed for 45 days with three varied diets including: commercial shrimp diet, fishmeal-based diet (A and soybean meal-based diet (B. The results show that changing the diet from animal protein to plant protein caused a significant decrease in the cholesterol and triglyceride levels in hemolymph, as well as carcass fat of the crayfish nourished with B diet when compared with the crayfish fed with A diet. No significant changes of hemolymph levels of glucose, AST and ALT were found between different treatments during this experimental period. In conclusion, it was found that though growth performance reduced, the increased rate of soybean meal in diet from 0.0% to 76% had no adverse effects on biochemical parameters.

  19. Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Emblica officinalis on Histopathology of Kidney and on Biochemical Parameters in Hyperlipidemic Albino Rats

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    Bheemshetty S. Patil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: It has been reported that hyperlipidemia plays a central role in the development of atherosclerosis and oxidative stress. Embilica officinalis also known as Amla or Indian Gooseberry acts as antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant. Its active ingredients contains tannins, gallic acid and flavonoids. Aim & Objectives: It was aimed to evaluate the effect of ethanolic extract of Emblica officinalis on histopathology of kidney and on biochemical parameters in hyperlipidemic albino Wistar rats. Material and Methods: Extraction of dried fruits of Emblica officinalis was done by Soxhlet apparatus 0 using 99% ethanol at 60 C for 24 hours and also phytochemical analysis was done. Group I served as normal control. Group II was fed with isocaloric diet. Group III was fed with hyperlipidemic diet. Group IV was fed with isocaloric diet for 21 days + Embilica officinalis for 21 days. Group V was fed with hyperlipidemic diet for 21 days+ Embilica officinalis for 21 days. The dose of ethanolic extract of Emblica officinalis was taken as 100mg/kg body weight daily. Results: Percent body weight gain, kidney weight and nephro-somatic index significantly improved in hyperlipidemic rats treated with Emblica officinalis. There was a significant improvement in serum electrolyte and kidney markers. It was found that there were focal glomerular lesions with thickening of glomerulus in the kidneys of rats on hyperlipidemic diet and normal renal histology of rats on hyperlipidemic diet treated with Emblica officinalis. Conclusion: It can be concluded that Emblica officinalis may be a good, natural therapeutic agent against hyperlipidemic diet induced oxidative damage and nephrotoxicity.

  20. Estimation of the action of three different mechlorethamine doses on biochemical parameters during experimentally induced pleuritis in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Całkosiński, Ireneusz; Rosińczuk-Tonderys, Joanna; Dzierzba, Katarzyna; Bronowicka-Szydełko, Agnieszka; Seweryn, Ewa; Majda, Jacek; Całkosińska, Monika; Gamian, Andrzej

    2011-01-01

    Nitrogranulogen (NTG) may modify the character of inflammatory reactions. These modifications are a result of cytotoxic and mutagenic effects. NTG has high affinity to DNA and causes disorders in the synthesis of acute phase proteins (e.g., haptoglobin, transferrin, fibrinogen, and complement protein C3). Our previous studies have shown that small doses of NTG can enhance immunological defense reactions in the organism. The aim of the current studies was to determine how different NTG doses cause changes in the values of biochemical parameters in pleuritis-induced rats. The animals were randomized into five groups: Group I - control group; Group II - IP (induced pleuritis) group; Group III - NTG5 group; Group IV - NTG50 group; Group V - NTG600 group. Blood was collected from all groups of animals at 24, 48, and 72 h after the initiation of the carrageenin-induced inflammatory reaction. These investigations revealed that a dose of 5 μg NTG/kg b.w. (body weight) can change the character of the inflammation. Our studies also show that a dose of 600 μg NTG/kg b.w. causes a rapid decrease in the level of C3 at the 72 h of the experiment (after 3 applications every 24 h), which indicates a cytotoxic action of such a large NTG dose. NTG used at doses of 50 and 600 μg/kg b.w. causes the opposite metabolism of albumins and other serum proteins. Our studies show that the different doses of NTG have distinct effects on the inflammatory reaction.

  1. Detection of vitamin B12 levels with the aid of some hematological and biochemical parameters that are more sensitive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süheyl Asma

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin B12 deficiency is a health problem, which is usually seen in elderly patients and results in hematological and neurological disorders. In this study, we aimed to investigate the serum levels of vitamin B12 could represent the real tissue levels with con-sidering some hematological and biochemical parameters. 128 patients whose vitamin B12 levels have been detected to be low and their ages are ranged from 16 to 90, have been investigated. Fifty three of them were females. Complete blood counts, antiparietal antibody(APA, homocysteine levels, peripheral blood smear evaluations and findings of gastroduodenoscopy were assessed. Mean volume of erythrocytes has been found as 107 fl in patient group (group 1, in which vitamin B12 level has been detected lower than 60 pg/mL. Thehigher homocysteine values in 85% cases, neutrophil hyper-segmentation in 82%, atrophic gastritis in 53 % and APA positivity in 47 % of cases have been detected. The average of agehas been detected as 65 in this group. High level of homocysteine has been present in 44 % of cases and MCV has been 91 fl in group 2, in which the vitamin B12 levels are between 61–100 pg/ mL. In group ( group 3, in which vitamin levels are between 101 – 140 pg /mL,elevated homocysteine levels in 27 % cases and MCV as 89 fl have been detected. In group 4, in which vitamin levels are between 141–178 pg/mL, homocysteine elevation in 16 % of cases and MCV as

  2. Effects of Salinity on Leaf Spectral Reflectance and Biochemical Parameters of Nitrogen Fixing Soybean Plants (Glycine max L.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krezhova, Dora D.; Kirova, Elisaveta B.; Yanev, Tony K.; Iliev, Ilko Ts.

    2010-01-01

    Measurements of physiology and hyperspectral leaf reflectance were used to detect salinity stress in nitrogen fixing soybean plants. Seedlings were inoculated with suspension of Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain 273. Salinity was performed at the stage of 2nd-4th trifoliate expanded leaves by adding of NaCl in the nutrient solution of Helrigel in concentrations 40 mM and 80 mM. A comparative analysis was performed between the changes in the biochemical parameters - stress markers (phenols, proline, malondialdehyde, thiol groups), chlorophyll a and b, hydrogen peroxide, and leaf spectral reflectance in the spectral range 450-850 nm. The spectral measurements were carried out by an USB2000 spectrometer. The reflectance data of the control and treated plants in the red, green, red-edge and the near infrared ranges of the spectrum were subjected to statistical analysis. Statistically significant differences were found through the Student's t-criterion at the two NaCl concentrations in all of the ranges examined with the exception of the near infrared range at 40 mM NaCl concentration. Similar results were obtained through linear discriminant analysis. The tents of the phenols, malondialdehyde and chlorophyll a and b were found to decrease at both salinity treatments. In the spectral data this effect is manifested by decrease of the reflectance values in the green and red ranges. The contents of proline, hydrogen peroxide and thiol groups rose with the NaCl concentration increase. At 80 mM NaCl concentration the values of these markers showed a considerable increase giving evidence that the soybean plants were stressed in comparison with the control. This finding is in agreement with the results from the spectral reflectance analysis.

  3. Effects of aqueous extract of Withania somnifera on some liver biochemical and histopathological parameters in male guinea pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Awthan, Yahya S; Hezabr, Samira M; Al-Zubairi, Aisha M; Al-Hemiri, Faten A

    2014-04-01

    Organophosphorus (OP) insecticides constitute one of the most widely used classes of pesticides being employed for both agricultural and landscape pest control. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dimethoate (DM), an organophosphorus insecticide, on some biochemical and histopathological parameters in liver of adult male guinea pigs as well as the possible role of Withania somnifera extract in attenuation of DM-induced hepatotoxicity. The animals were divided randomly into 5 groups and kept at 5 animals per group in an environmentally controlled condition with free access to food and water ad libitum. The first group was served as a control group and administered with olive oil orally; the group II received aqueous extract of W. somnifera (100 mg kg(-1) b.wt.) orally, group III, IV and V was administered with DM (14 mg kg(-1); 1/25LD50) for 21 days orally. Group IV and V received 100 mg kg(-1) of W. somnifera extract and silymarin, respectively half hour before DM administration for 21 days. DM caused a statistically significant increase in the serum level of liver enzymes (AST, ALT, ALP) when compared to control animals, whereas, W. somnifera and silymarin pre-treatment to the DM-intoxicated animals resulted in a significant normalization of the enzymes activities. On the other hand W. somnifera extract reduced the incidence of histopathological changes such as cytoplasmic vacuolization and degeneration in nuclei, rupture of epithelia lining the central vein, widened sinusoidal space and lymphocyte infiltration induced by DM treatment in guinea pigs. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that W. somnifera aqueous extract could protect the liver against DM-induced oxidative damage.

  4. Toxicity of Neem Leaf Extracts (Azadirachta indica A. Juss on Some Haematological, Ionoregulatory, Biochemical and Enzymological Parameters of Indian Major Carp, Cirrhinus mrigala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Saravanan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, the median lethal concentration (LC 50 of neem leaf extract to Cirrhinus mrigala for 24 h was found to be 1.035 g l-l. During the study period, the haematological parameters including Hb, Hct, RBC, MCV, MCH and MCHC levels were significantly decreased in neem leaf extract exposed fish when compared to the control fish whereas WBC count was increased. Similarly, plasma Na+ and Cl- levels were significantly lower and K+ level were significantly higher when compared to the control. In biochemical study, elevated plasma glucose and induced protein levels were noticed. The enzymes, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT and glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT activities were increased significantly in gill, liver and muscle of treated fish compared to that of their control groups. The results of the present investigation suggest that neem leaf extracts affects the hematological, ionoregulatory, biochemical and enzymological parameters of fish and alterations of these parameters can be useful in environmental biomonitoring of neem based products in freshwater environment.Keywords: Azadirachta indica, Acute toxicity, Cirrhinus mrigala, Haematology, Ion regulation, Biochemical and Enzymological parameters.

  5. The dynamics of biochemical parameters in blood of clinically healthy holstein cows from day 5 before to day 60 after calving

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    Irena Celeska

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The peripartal period in Holstein dairy cows is critical, due to the transition from pregnancy to lactation. We have studied the dynamics of biochemical parameters from day 5 before to day 60 after calving. The study included 10 multiparous Holstein cows, examined at days -5, 5, 10, 30 and 60 relative to calving. Blood samples were taken from vena jugularis. Analyzed biochemical parameters were glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, total bilirubin, albumin, total protein, urea, NEFA and BHBA. Milk production and body condition score were also estimated. Obtained results showed that cows were exposed to mild to marked metabolic distress. Energy status was changed due to increased values of NEFA and BHBA and decreased value of glucose after calving. Protein concentrations were increased at day 10 after calving, despite the decrease of the level of albumin. Urea concentrations before and after calving were within physiological range indicating an optimal protein diet. Increased values of total bilirubin at day 5 after calving indicated liver increased activity. Lipid status presented by triglycerides and total cholesterol revealed no differences in blood concentrations. Milk production was highest at day 30 after calving. BCS were highest in dry cows, thereafter they declined and recovered at day 60 after calving. In conclusion, biochemical parameters can be used as relevant indicators of metabolic distress in cows around calving with milk and BCS recording as aside parameters. Changes in some biochemical parameters indicate liver increased activity and metabolic stress, that could lead to decreased milk production, impaired reproductive performance and, finally, to illness.

  6. Enzyme-linked immunoassay for plasma-free metanephrines in the biochemical diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma in adults is not ideal.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    2012-02-01

    Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to define the analytical and diagnostic performance of the Labor Diagnostica Nord (LDN) 2-Met plasma ELISA assay for fractionated plasma metanephrines in the biochemical diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma. Methods: The stated manufacturer\\'s performance characteristics were assessed. Clinical utility was evaluated against liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS\\/MS) using bias, sensitivity and specificity outcomes. Samples (n=73) were collected from patients in whom phaeochromocytoma had been excluded (n=60) based on low probability of disease, repeat negative testing for urinary fractionated catecholamines and metanephrines, lack of radiological and histological evidence of a tumour and from a group (n=13) in whom the tumour had been histologically confirmed. Blood collected into k(2)EDTA tubes was processed within 30 min. Separated plasma was aliquoted (x2) and frozen at -40 degrees C prior to analyses. One aliquot was analysed for plasma metanephrines using the LDN 2-Met ELISA and the other by LC-MS\\/MS. Results: The mean bias of -32% for normetanephrine (ELISA) when compared to the reference method (LC-MS\\/MS) makes under-diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma likely. The sensitivity of the assay (100%) was equal to the reference method, but specificity (88.3%) lower than the reference method (95%), making it less than optimum for the biochemical diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma. Conclusions: Plasma-free metanephrines as measured by Labor Diagnostica Nord (LDN) 2-Met ELISA do not display test characteristics that would support their introduction or continuation as part of a screening protocol for the biochemical detection of phaeochromocytoma unless the calibration problem identified is corrected and other more accurate and analytically specific methods remain unavailable.

  7. Liver morphology and morphometry and plasma biochemical parameters of Wistar rats that received leaf infusion of Rudgea viburnoides Benth. (Rubiaceae

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    Juliana Castro Monteiro

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Rudgea viburnoides leaves are widely used in popular Brazilian medicine as a diuretic, antirheumatic, hypotensive and blood depurative tea. The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of this infusion on the liver and on the plasma biochemical parameters of Wistar rats. Two groups received the R. viburnoides leaf infusion at a daily dose of 10 or 20g dry-leaves/L water, during 40 days. The histopathological analysis did not show degenerated areas or infiltration of leucocytes. Hepatic morphometry showed accumulation of fat in the hepatocytes of the treated groups. There was no significant change in the plasma levels of urea, creatinin, uric acid, direct bilirubin, cholesterol, total proteins, albumin, gamma glutamyl tranferase (gamma-GT, alanine transaminase (ALT, aspartate transaminase (AST, chlorine, phosphate and calcium. A significant reduction in the plasma levels of triacylglycerol (TAG occurred in the group that received the higher dose.As folhas de Rudgea viburnoides Benth. são utilizadas na medicina popular como diuréticas, hipotensoras, anti-reumáticas, depurativas do sangue e em regimes de emagrecimento. O presente estudo foi delineado para avaliar o efeito da infusão das folhas de R. viburnoides nos parâmetros bioquímicos plasmáticos e na morfologia e morfometria hepática de ratos Wistar adultos. Dois grupos receberam a infusão das folhas, diariamente, nas dosagens de 10 e 20 g de folhas secas/L de água, durante 40 dias. O grupo controle recebeu a mesma quantidade de água. As análises histopatológicas não mostraram áreas degeneradas e infiltrados inflamatórios. A morfometria hepática mostrou acúmulo significativo de gordura nos hepatócitos dos animais tratados, principalmente no grupo que recebeu a maior dose da infusão (8,75% de gotículas lipídicas, comparado com 0,25% delas encontradas nos animais controles. Não foram observadas alterações nos níveis plasmáticos de uréia, creatinina,

  8. The usefulness of whole body bone mineral densitometry in the osteopenia of preterm infants: comparison with the wrist radiography and biochemical parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheon, Bong Jin; Huh, Jin Do; Shin, Sang Bum; Cheon, Byung Kook; Joh, Young Duk [Kosin Univ. Gospel Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Jeong Mi; Jeon, Seong Sook [Ilsin Christian Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-02-01

    To evaluate the usefulness of whole body bone mineral densitometry in the diagnosis of frequent osteopenia of preterm infants by comparison with the wrist radiographs and biochemical parameters. From January 1995 to January 1996, we obtained whole body bone mineral density(BMD) studies using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry(DXA) and wrist radiographs of 39 preterm infants. They were divided into three groups according to birth weight, under 1500g, 1501g to 2000g and above 2000g, and four grades of skeletal change, as seen on wrist radiography, according to the scoring method of Koo et al. Groups of birth weight and grades of skeletal change were then correlated with whole body BMD and biochemical parameters. For comparison, normal data were obtained from 13 infants born at full term. Data were analyzed by one way analysis of variation(ANOVA) and correlation and regression analysis. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Whole body BMDs were significantly lower in the more premature and smaller birth weight infants(r=0.77, p=0.0000), and in the higher grade of skeletal change(r-0.5276, p=0.0000). Aggravated skeletal changes were found in infants with lower birth weight(r= -0.3822, p=0.01). Interobserver variation in grading skeletal change was 42.9%, and intraobserver variation was 18.4%. Biochemical parameters such as serum calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, parathromone, calcitonin and 25-hydroxy-vitamine D did not vary significantly according to either birth weight or skeletal change(p > 0.05). Premature osteopenia is more effectively diagnosed by measuring whole body BMD using DXA than by grading radiographical skeletal change or by biochemical parameters.

  9. Effect of high wavelengths low intensity light during dark period on physical exercise performance, biochemical and haematological parameters of swimming rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, W; Gobatto, C

    2016-03-01

    Nocturnal rodents should be assessed at an appropriate time of day, which leads to a challenge in identifying an adequate environmental light which allows animal visualisation without perturbing physiological homeostasis. Thus, we analysed the influence of high wavelength and low intensity light during dark period on physical exercise and biochemical and haematological parameters of nocturnal rats. We submitted 80 animals to an exhaustive exercise at individualised intensity under two different illuminations during dark period. Red light (> 600 nm; experiments.

  10. Protective effect of pumpkin seed extract on sperm characteristics, biochemical parameters and epididymal histology in adult male rats treated with cyclophosphamide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghaei, S; Nikzad, H; Taghizadeh, M; Tameh, A A; Taherian, A; Moravveji, A

    2014-10-01

    Cancer treatment with cyclophosphamide (CP) may result in reproductive toxicity as one of its side effects. The pumpkin seed is a rich natural source of antioxidant. We have assessed the possible protective efficacy of pumpkin seed extract on sperm characteristics, biochemical parameters and epididymal histology of CP-treated rats. Male adult Wistar rats were categorised into four groups. Group 1 served as control and received intraperitoneal (IP) injection of isotonic saline solution. Group 2 rats were treated with CP by IP injection in a single dose of 100 mg/kg body weight, only once. Group 3 and 4 received CP plus 300 and 600 mg/kg pumpkin seed extract respectively. Six weeks after treatment, sperm characteristics, biochemical parameters and histopathological changes were examined. Results showed that, sperm characteristics in CP-treated rats were significantly decreased. Biochemical analysis results showed that the co-administration of 300 mg pumpkin seed extract could increase the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) level significantly. In CP-treated rats, histopathological changes such as vacuolisation, disorganisation and separation of epididymal epithelium were observed as well. Interestingly, pumpkin seed extract could improve the above-mentioned parameters remarkably in CP-treated rats. Our findings indicated that pumpkin seed extract might be used as protective agent against CP-induced reproductive toxicity.

  11. Selective activation of mitomycin A by thiols to form DNA cross-links and monoadducts: biochemical basis for the modulation of mitomycin cytotoxicity by the quinone redox potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, M M; Das, A; Palom, Y; He, Q Y; Tomasz, M

    2001-08-16

    Mitomycin A (MA) but not mitomycin C (MC) cross-linked linearized (32)P-pBR322 DNA in the presence of dithiothreitol (DTT) or glutathione (GSH), as shown by a sensitive DNA cross-link assay. Incubation of calf-thymus DNA with MA and DTT or mercaptoethanol (MER) resulted in the formation of MA-DNA adducts, which were isolated from nuclease digests of the drug-DNA complexes by HPLC. The adducts were characterized by their UV absorption spectra, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS), and facile conversion from 7-methoxy- to 7-amino-substituted mitosene type adducts upon 10% NH(4)OH treatment, which were identical with known adducts of MC. Both DNA interstrand and intrastrand cross-link adducts, linking two deoxyguanosine residues at N(2), as well as several deoxyguanosine-N(2) monoadducts of MA, were identified. No DNA adducts were formed with MC under the same conditions. A specificity of DNA cross-link formation for the CpG sequence was observed using 12-mer synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotides as substrates and as DNA sequence models, in analogy to the known CpG sequence specificity of MC-induced DNA cross-links. MA is known to be more cytotoxic by 2-3 orders of magnitude than MC, and this property correlates with redox potentials of MA (-0.19 V) and MA analogues that are higher than those of MC (-0.40 V) and its analogues. It is suggested that the biochemical basis for the higher cytotoxic potency of MA is MA's propensity to be reductively activated by cellular thiols while MC is resistant to thiol activation. This distinction is probably derived from the large difference between the quinone redox potentials of the two drugs.

  12. Biochemical parameters during the urban organic wastes stabilization processes; Estudio de parametros bioquimicos en procesos de estabilizacion de residuos organicos urbanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Izquierdo, C.; Polo Sanchez, A.

    1999-07-01

    In this paper, the authors indicate the need for a better understanding of the stabilisation processes of urban organic wastes. The composting process is a method to change fresh organic matter into a material more humificated and less harmful. This process is carried out by a great quantity of microorganisms. We think that the changes in the organic wastes during its stabilisation should be studied by several biological and biochemical parameters (ATP, basal respiration, enzyme activities...). These parameters are good biomarkers of the microbiological activity. (Author) 9 refs.

  13. Flexible-link Robot Control Using a Linear Parameter Varying Systems Methodology

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    Houssem Halalchi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the issues of the Linear Parameter Varying (LPV modelling and control of flexible-link robot manipulators. The LPV formalism allows the synthesis of nonlinear control laws and the assessment of their closed-loop stability and performances in a simple and effective manner, based on the use of Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMI. Following the quasi-LPV modelling approach, an LPV model of a flexible manipulator is obtained, starting from the nonlinear dynamic model stemming from Euler-Lagrange equations. Based on this LPV model, which has a rational dependence in terms of the varying parameters, two different methods for the synthesis of LPV controllers are explored. They guarantee the asymptotic stability and some level of closed-loop L2-gain performance on a bounded parametric set. The first method exploits a descriptor representation that simplifies the rational dependence of the LPV model, whereas the second one manages the troublesome rational dependence by using dilated LMI conditions and taking the particular structure of the model into account. The resulting controllers involve the measured state variables only, namely the joint positions and velocities. Simulation results are presented that illustrate the validity of the proposed control methodology. Comparisons with an inversion-based nonlinear control method are performed in the presence of velocity measurement noise, model uncertainties and high-frequency inputs.

  14. Semen parameters and seminal plasma protein and biochemical profiles of dogs with benign prostatic hyperplasia after botulinum toxin type A intraprostatic injection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tathiana Ferguson Motheo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effects of different concentrations of botulinum toxin type A (BT-A on semen parameters, and seminal plasma biochemical and protein profiles of dogs with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH. Eighteen sexually intact male dogs with BPH were randomly divided in three groups, and received an intraprostatic injection of saline solution (control group - CG, 250UI (GI or 500UI (GII of BT-A under transabdominal ultrasound guidance. Semen was collected at baseline, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after treatment. Semen parameters were determined and seminal plasma pH, total protein (TP, total chlorides (TC, calcium (Ca, potassium (K, and sodium (Na concentrations were assessed. One-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfatepolyacrilamide gel eletrophoresis (SDS- PAGE was performed to determine seminal plasma protein profile. Sperm parameters and seminal plasma pH, TP, TC, Ca and K mean values did not change significantly at any time point and among treated groups (P>0.05. The SDS-PAGE analysis of the pooled fractions identified 31 protein bands with molecular weights ranging from 3.9 to 106.2kDA in all treatment groups during the entire evaluation period. Regardless the used dose, intraprostatic BT-A injection do not alter semen parameters and seminal plasma biochemical and protein profiles of dogs with BPH.

  15. [The effects of grape seed and coriander oil on biochemical parameters of oral fluid in patients with periodontitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaishvili, M; Gogua, M; Franchuki, Q; Tufinashvili, T; Zurabashvili, D

    2014-10-01

    Biochemical changes that are taking place in patients with periodontitis 1 and 2 the quality of the individuals place in a laqtatdegidrogenazis, alkaline phosphatase activity increase and reduced activity amilazais. Therefore we can conclude that, there is an increase in superoxide substances, which causes an increase in the oral cavity patobakteriebis and quality of periodontitis. The grape seed and coriander oil is of vegetable origin and antioxidant drugs. Their action causes a statistically significant increase in the amilazis, alkaline phosphatase and laqtatdegidrogenazis reduction, while the latter leads pH - rate of return to oral fluid. It should be noted that the positive effect of coriander oil, but less effective.

  16. Biochemical liver function test parameter levels in relation to treatment response in liver metastatic colorectal patients treated with FOLFOX4 with or without bevacizumab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denić Kristina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Combined use of bevacizumab and conventional anticancer drugs leads to a significant improvement of treatment response in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma (CRC. Conventional treatment protocols exert undesired effects on the liver tissue. Hepatotoxic effects are manifested as a disturbance of liver function test parameters. The relation between clinical outcome and disorder of biochemical parameters has not been completely evaluated. Objective. The objective of our study was to examine whether clinical outcome in patients with liver metastatic CRC correlates with the level of liver function test parameters. Methods. The study included 96 patients with untreated liver metastatic CRC who received FOLFOX4 protocol with or without bevacizumab. Biochemical liver parameters were performed before and after the treatment completion. Treatment response was evaluated as disease regression, stable disease, and disease progression. The patients were divided into three groups according to the accomplished treatment response. Results. In the group of patients with disease regression the post-treatment levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and bilirubin were statistically significantly increased. In contrast to this, gamma-glutamyltransferase and protein post-treatment values were significantly lower in relation to initial values. In patients with stable disease, difference was found only in the level of proteins being lower after the treatment. In patients with disease progression, values of aspartate aminotransferase and bilirubin were significantly increased after completed treatment. Conclusion. Treatment responses are not completely associated with the level of liver function test parameters. The only parameter which correlated with treatment response is gamma-glutamyltransferase. Its decrease is accompanied with disease regression.

  17. Protective effect of combined pumpkin seed and ginger extracts on sperm characteristics, biochemical parameters and epididymal histology in adult male rats treated with cyclophosphamide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghaie, Somaieh; Nikzad, Hossein; Mahabadi, Javad Amini; Taghizadeh, Mohsen; Azami-Tameh, Abolfazl; Taherian, Aliakbar; Sajjadian, Seyyed Mohammad Sajjad; Kamani, Mehran

    2016-09-01

    Reproductive toxicity is one of the side effects of cyclophosphamide (CP) in cancer treatment. Pumpkin seeds and Zingiber officinale are natural sources of antioxidants. We investigated the possible protective effect of combined pumpkin seed and Zingiber officinale extracts on sperm characteristics, epididymal histology and biochemical parameters of CP-treated rats. Male adult Wistar rats were divided randomly into six groups. Group 1, as a control, received an isotonic saline solution injection intraperitoneally (IP). Group 2 were injected IP with a single dose of CP (100 mg/kg) once. Groups 3 and 4 received CP plus 300 and 600 mg/kg combined pumpkin seed and Zingiber officinale extract (50:50). Groups 5 and 6 received only 300 and 600 mg/kg combined pumpkin seed and Zingiber officinale extract. Six weeks after treatment, sperm characteristics, histopathological changes and biochemical parameters were assessed. In CP-treated rats, motile spermatozoa were decreased, and abnormal or dead spermatozoa increased significantly (P < 0.001) but administration of the mixed extract improved sperm parameters. Epididymal epithelium and fibromascular thickness were also improved in extract-treated rats compared to control or CP groups. Biochemical analysis showed that the administration of combined extracts could increase the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) level significantly in groups 3, 4, 5 and 6. Interestingly, the mixed extract could decrease most of the side effects of CP such as vacuolization and separation of epididymal tissue. Our findings indicated that the combined extracts might be used as a protective agent against CP-induced reproductive toxicity.

  18. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate and peppermint essential oil on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chicks reared under heat stress conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Torki, Mehran

    2014-08-01

    A study was conducted using 240 female day-old broiler chicks to evaluate the effects of dietary chromium picolinate (CrPic), peppermint essential oil (P.mint), or their combination on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of female broiler chicks raised under heat stress conditions (HS, 23.9 to 38 °C cycling). Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were obtained from 1 to 42 days of age. Furthermore, at the end of the experiment (day 42), birds were bled to determine some blood biochemical parameters and weighed for final body weight (BW). ADFI, ADG, and BW were not influenced significantly by dietary CrPic and P.mint ( P > 0.05). A significant interaction between dietary CrPic and P.mint on FCR ( P = 0.012) was detected. FCR significantly decreased in chicks fed the diet including both CrPic and P.mint compared with the CrPic group. Significant interaction between dietary P.mint and CrPic on serum concentrations of triglycerides, glucose, and albumin were observed ( P 0.05). The serum concentrations of glucose, triglycerides were decreased ( P diet including both CrPic and P.mint. Plasma chromium (Cr) content increased significantly ( P diet compared with the control group ( P < 0.05). From the results of the present experiment it can be concluded that dietary supplementation with combined P.mint and CrPic could have beneficial effects on some blood biochemical parameters of female chicks reared under heat stress conditions.

  19. Hemato - Immunological and biochemical parameters, skin antibacterial activity, and survival in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following the diet supplemented with Mentha piperita against Yersinia ruckeri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adel, Milad; Pourgholam, Reza; Zorriehzahra, Jalil; Ghiasi, Maryam

    2016-08-01

    This study was aimed to assess the potential effects of Mentha piperita on the hemato - immunological and biochemical parameters, skin antibacterial activity and protection against Yersinia ruckeri infection in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fish were divided into 4 groups before being fed diets supplemented with 0, 1, 2 and 3% of Mentha piperita (MP) plant extract for 8 weeks. Dose-dependent increases immune (both in skin mucus and blood serum) and hematological parameters (number of red and white cells, hematocrit and hemoglobin contents), as well as in respiratory burst activity, total protein, albumin, and neutrophil levels in fish fed supplemented diets compared to the control fish. Furthermore, dietary MP plant extract supplements have no significant effect on blood biochemical parameters and enzymatic activities of liver determined in serum of rainbow trout. After 8 weeks the cessation of feeding with MP plant extract, survival rates of 54.4%, 63.6% and 75.2% were recorded in groups which received 1, 2 and 3% of MP plant extract of feed, respectively, compared to 34.6% survivals in the control. This study underlying several positive effects of dietary administration of MP plant extract to farmed fish.

  20. Prognostic value of metabolic parameters and clinical impact of {sup 18}F-fluorocholine PET/CT in biochemical recurrent prostate cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colombie, M.; Bailly, C.; Rusu, D.; Rousseau, N. [Institut de Cancerologie de l' Ouest Rene Gauducheau, Nuclear Medicine, 44805 Nantes-St Herblain Cedex (France); Campion, L. [ICO Cancer Center, Statistics, Saint-Herblain (France); Nantes University, Nantes-Angers Cancer Research Center, INSERM U892-CNRS UMR 6299, Nantes (France); Rousseau, T. [Urologic Clinic Nantes-Atlantis, Saint Herblain (France); Mathieu, C. [University Hospital, Nuclear Medicine, Nantes (France); Ferrer, L. [ICO Cancer Center, Physics, Saint-Herblain (France); Kraeber-Bodere, F. [Institut de Cancerologie de l' Ouest Rene Gauducheau, Nuclear Medicine, 44805 Nantes-St Herblain Cedex (France); University Hospital, Nuclear Medicine, Nantes (France); Nantes University, Nantes-Angers Cancer Research Center, INSERM U892-CNRS UMR 6299, Nantes (France); Rousseau, C. [Institut de Cancerologie de l' Ouest Rene Gauducheau, Nuclear Medicine, 44805 Nantes-St Herblain Cedex (France); Nantes University, Nantes-Angers Cancer Research Center, INSERM U892-CNRS UMR 6299, Nantes (France)

    2015-11-15

    To evaluate the therapeutic impact of {sup 18}F-fluorocholine (FCH) PET/CT in biochemical recurrent prostate cancer (PC) and to investigate the value of quantitative FCH PET/CT parameters in predicting progression-free survival (PFS). This retrospective study included 172 consecutive patients with PC who underwent FCH PET/CT for biochemical recurrence. Mean rising PSA was 10.7 ± 35.0 ng/ml. Patients with positive FCH PET were classified into three groups: those with uptake only in the prostatic bed, those with locoregional disease, and those with distant metastases. Referring physicians were asked to indicate the hypothetical therapeutic strategy with and without the FCH PET/CT results. Clinical variables and PET parameters including SUVmax, SUVpeak, SUVmean, total lesion choline kinase activity (TLCKA) and standardized added metabolic activity (SAM) were recorded and a multivariate analysis was performed to determine the factors independently predicting PFS. In 137 of the 172 patients, the FCH PET/CT scan was positive, and of these, 29.9 % (41/137) had prostatic recurrence, 42.3 % (58/137) had pelvic lymph node recurrence with or without prostatic recurrence, and 27.7 % (38/137) had distant metastases. The FCH PET/CT result led to a change in treatment plan in 43.6 % (75/172) of the 172 patients. Treatment was changed in 49.6 % (68/137) of those with a positive FCH PET/CT scan and in 20 % (7/35) of those with a negative FCH PET/CT scan. After a median follow-up of 29.3 months (95 % CI 18.9 - 45.9 months), according to multivariate analysis age <70 years, SAM ≥23 and SUVmean ≥3 were parameters independently predicting PFS. A nomogram constructed using the three parameters showed 49 months of PFS in patients with the best scores (0 or 1) and only 11 months in patients with a poor score (score 3). This study indicates that a positive FCH PET result in PC patients with biochemical recurrence predicts a shorter PFS and confirms the major impact of the FCH PET

  1. Effect of Subacute Exposure of Wrightia tinctoria Bark Extract on Hematological, Biochemical and Antioxidant Enzyme Parameters of Rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papiya Bigoniya

    2009-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of sub-acute administration of W. tinctoria bark extract on some haematological, biochemical, histological and antioxidant enzyme status of rat liver and kidney following 21 and 45 days treatment. The animals were observed for gross physiological and behavioural responses, food and water intake and body weight changes. Free radical scavenging activity and histopathology was done on liver and kidney samples. W. tinctoria showed significant hemopoiesis with increase in body weight signifying anabolic effect. It significantly reduced serum SGOT level and increased glucose levels. W. tinctoria caused increased SOD activity of liver along with catalase of both liver and kidney and decreased liver peroxidase (P< 0.001. These features indicate that W. tinctoria upto 1000 mg/kg daily dose is safe and has potential to be consumed for long time in management of various diseases.

  2. Correlation of serum leptin levels with anthropometric and metabolic parameters and biochemical liver function in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng-Wen Liu; Ni Zhang; Qun-Ying Han; Jun-Tao Zeng; Yong-Lie Chu; Jian-Ming Qiu; Ya-Wen Wang; Lie-Ting Ma; Xiao-Qin Wang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To determine serum leptin levels and investigate their correlations with anthropometric and metabolic parameters and biochemical liver function in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and their potential clinical implications.METHODS: Forty-two chronic HCV-infected patients without anti-viral treatment were enrolled in this study, 30 patients had chronic hepatitis C, 10 had cirrhosis, and 2 had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thirty age- and sex-matched healthy individuals served as controls. Serum leptin levels were determined by ELISA. The biochemical liver function and serum lipids were determined at the same time. The height and body weight of patients and controls were measured, and body mass index (BMI) and body fat were calculated simultaneously. The correlations of serum leptin levels with anthropometric and metabolic parameters and biochemical liver function were assessed statistically.RESULTS: The mean of serum leptin levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C, HCV-associated cirrhosis, HCVassociated HCC and control groups was (6.13±3.94),(5.25±4.21), (4.17±0.28), and (3.59±3.44) ng/mL, respectively. The serum leptin level in patients with chronic hepatitis C was significantly higher than that in controls. The serum leptin levels between cirrhotic patients and controls and between male and female cirrhotic patients had no significant difference. Serum leptin levels were positively-correlated with body fat, BMI, and apolipoprotein B (Apo B) in patients with chronic HCV infection. The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were closelycorrelated with BMI in patients with chronic hepatitis C. CONCLUSION: HCV infection interferes with fat and lipid metabolism in patients with chronic HCV infection and leptin may play a role in hepatosteatosis.

  3. Comparison of hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological parameters of healthy pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy and the active labor phase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flisser Ana

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pregnancy is accompanied by several hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological changes which revert to normal values after labor. The mean values of these parameters have been reported for developed countries, but not for Mexican women. Furthermore, labor constitutes a stress situation, in which these factors may be altered. It is known that serologic increase of heat shock protein (Hsp 70 is associated with abnormal pregnancies, presenting very low level in normal pregnant women. Nevertheless, there are no studies where these measurements are compared in healthy pregnant women at their third trimester of pregnancy (3TP and the active labor phase (ActLP. Methods Seventy five healthy Mexican pregnant women were included. Hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological parameters were obtained in all cases, and serum Hsp70 levels were measured in a sample of 15 women at 3TP and at ActLP. Results Significant differences were found in most analysis performed and in Hsp70 concentration at 3TP as compared to ActLP, however all were within normal range in both conditions, supporting that only in pathological pregnancies Hsp70 is drastically increased. Conclusion Results obtained indicate that 3TP and ActLP have clinical similarities in normal pregnancies, therefore if abnormalities are found during 3TP, precautions should be taken before ActLP.

  4. Assessment of serum biochemical parameters and pathological changes in broilers with chronic aflatoxicosis fed glucomannan-containing yeast product (Mycosorb and sodium bentonite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azizpour Aidin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of yeast glucomannan (YG and sodium bentonite (SB in reducing the toxicity in broilers fed a diet naturally contaminated with aflatoxin. Three hundred 7-day-old Ross 308 strain broilers were chosen and randomly assigned to 10 dietary treatments. Serum biochemical parameters and pathological changes in the liver were investigated at 42 d of age. Chickens fed a diet containing 250 ppb of aflatoxin displayed a decrease in uric acid, cholesterol, and triglycerides, and an increase in serum activities of AST and ALT when compared to control group. There were considerable gross and histopathological hepatic lesions (P < 0.05 in the form of small to moderate hydropic and/or fatty degeneration, bile duct hyperplasia, periportal fibrosis, cells infiltration, and congestion, in chickens fed the 250 ppb aflatoxincontaining diet. The addition of YG and SB to the aflatoxin-containing diet partially reduced the negative effects of aflatoxin. The 0.1% YG supplementation to the aflatoxin-contaminated diet significantly prevented the pathological effect of aflatoxin on serum biochemical parameters and liver, and was found to be more effective than other treatments.

  5. Analysis of oxidative status and biochemical parameters in adult patients with sickle cell anemia treated with hydroxyurea, Ceará, Brazil

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    Paulo Florentino Teixeira Neto

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia is a hemoglobinopathy caused by a mutation that results in the production of an abnormal hemoglobin molecule, hemoglobin S (Hb S. This is responsible for profound physiological changes, such as the sickling of red blood cells. Several studies have shown that hydroxyurea protects against vaso-occlusive crises. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the oxidative stress associated with biochemical parameters in patients with sickle cell anemia treated with hydroxyurea. METHODS: The study was conducted with 20 male and 25 female patients at the Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio. The patients were divided into two groups: a study group (n = 12, patients with sickle cell anemia who were receiving hydroxyurea and a control group (n = 33 of sickle cell anemia patients not submitted to hydroxyurea treatment. The biochemical parameters analyzed were ferritin, transferrin, and serum iron. Glutathione was measured in its reduced form to analyze the oxidative state. RESULTS: The results showed insignificant increases in the levels of serum iron, transferrin and ferritin in patients treated with hydroxyurea when compared with those who did not take the medication. However, the glutathione levels were significantly higher in patients taking hydroxyurea than in controls. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that hydroxyurea possibly acts as an antioxidant by increasing glutathione levels.

  6. Effect of tocopherol on biochemical blood parameters in pleuritis-induced rats treated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Całkosiński, Ireneusz; Rosińczuk-Tonderys, Joanna; Bronowicka-Szydełko, Agnieszka; Dzierzba, Katarzyna; Bazan, Justyna; Dobrzyński, Maciej; Majda, Jacek; Gamian, Andrzej

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of tocopherol on pleuritis-induced rats exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Rats were treated with a single TCDD dose of 5 μg/kg body weight (b.w.) and then for 3 weeks they were daily supplemented with tocopherol at a dose of 30 mg/kg b.w. The inflammation was initiated by intrapleural injection of a single dose of 1% carrageenin solution in a volume of 0.15 ml. Changes in biochemical blood parameters were measured three times at the 24th, 72nd and 120th hour of pleuritis and the blood was collected from 20 animals of each group of rats (group with the control inflammation; group treated with TCDD and with control inflammation; group treated with TCDD, supplemented with tocopherol and with the inflammation). The following biochemical parameters were measured: tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, procollagen, telopeptide, fibrinogen, cholesterol, urea, creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT) and alanine aminotransferase (AlAT). Daily supplementation of tocopherol caused significant changes in the level of TNF, IL-1, IL-4, IL-6, urea, creatinine, AspAT and AlAT. According to the results of these studies, we suggest that tocopherol supplementation in high doses could act as a protective treatment to improve liver metabolism.

  7. Dietary Aloe vera supplementation on growth performance, some haemato-biochemical parameters and disease resistance against Streptococcus iniae in tilapia (GIFT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, Ndakalimwe Naftal; Qiang, Jun; He, Jie; Ma, Xin Yu; Kpundeh, Mathew D; Xu, Pao

    2015-06-01

    This study investigated effects of dietary Aloe vera on growth performance, some haemato-biochemical parameters and disease resistance against Streptococcus iniae in tilapia (GIFT). Five groups were designed including a basal diet (control) and 100% A. vera powder incorporated in fish feed at 0.5% 1%, 2%, and 4%/kg feed, which were administered for 8 weeks. Fish fed 0.5%, 1%, and 2% A. vera supplemented diet significantly improved (p vera diet at 1% and 2%/kg feed. Feed efficiency ratio, feed conversion ratio, and hepatosomatic index were significantly enhanced in 4% A. vera supplemented fish over unsupplemented ones (p vera supplemented fish showed a significant increase (p vera supplemented fish showed a decrease (p vera diet at 2% and 4% A. vera/kg feed than those fed unsupplemented diet. Unchallenged fish fed 0.5%, 1%, and 2% A. vera showed significantly higher values (p vera supplemented diet. There was a significant increase (p vera unsupplemented fish and those supplemented with A. vera diet at 1%/kg feed increased significantly (p vera supplemented diet maintained higher values at all experimental stages among groups. There was a significant correlation (p Aloe had no significant effect (p > 0.05) on the survival of the fish when compared to the control; no mortality was recorded in challenge trial. Overall, our results indicated that dietary aloe supplementation could improve growth, feed utilization, and haemato-biochemical parameters of cultured tilapia.

  8. The phytoconstituents and the comparative effects of aqueous extract of Irvingia gabonensis seeds and proviron on the biochemical parameters of male guinea pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Obianime AW; Uche FI

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the phytochemical screening and the effects of the aqueous extracts of the seeds ofIrvingia gabonensis on the biochemical parameters of male guinea pigs.Methods: The biochemical parameters were assayed using Randox Diagnostic kits, Phenolphthalein method and colorimetric method. The phytochemical screening was carried out using standard procedures.Results: Phytochemical investigations revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, carbohydrate, alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, volatile oils, saponins and cardiac glycosides. The aqueous extract ofIrvingia gabonensis seeds (50 - 400 mg/kg) caused a statistically significant (P< 0.05 ANOVA) decrease in the levels of total cholesterol, urea, uric acid, total protein, prostatic, alkaline, and acid phosphatases. The highest reduction effect was obtained with uric acid at 400 mg/kg ofIrvingia gabonensis extract while the least effect was observed in total cholesterol. These effects were dose- and time- dependent.Conclusions: This shows that the seeds of Irvingia gabonensis have hepatoprotective, nephroprotective and cardio protective properties. The study therefore, supports the claims on the use of the seeds of this plant by traditional medicine practitioners as a hepatoprotective and nephroprotective agent. Although further studies need to be done to isolate, identify and characterize the active principles in the seeds of this plant.

  9. A study on biochemical facet of anemia in cancers: A strong link between erythropoietin and tumor necrosis factor alpha in anemic cancer patients

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    P Kalyani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The three direct factors that could lead cancer patients to anemia, apart from therapy are iron deficiency, inflammatory cytokines surge and decreased erythropoietin (Epo. Our aim was to quantify biochemical and hematologic markers serum Epo, ferritin (Fe and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α along with hemoglobin (Hb to understand the associations between these factors, patient characteristics and anemia. Materials And Methods: The study group consisted of 100 anemic cancer patients and 80 controls. Biochemical marker levels were determined by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay on an autoanalyser. Univarient analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Bonferroni test, linear regression was performed to find correlations and associations among various factors. Results: The baseline serum Epo (153.07 ± 173.88 vs. 23.607 ± 36.462 and Fe levels (233.53 ± 257.12 vs. 23.06 ± 20.04 were adequately high in cases compared with that controls (P ≤ 0.001. Considerable raise in TNF-α levels was also observed (16.26 ± 13.44 vs. 11.2375 ± 4.84 (P = 0.001. TNF-α correlated positively (P = 0.022 with Epo and Fe (P = 0.000, which was also evident from large effect size of Epo (r2 = 0.414, TNF-α (r2 = 0.369, Hb (r2 = 0.226. Epo and Hb were negatively correlated (β = −0.375, P = 0.001 and Epo production was found to be appropriate for the degree of anemia (O/P ratio of 3.51 ± 1.26 vs. 1.43 ± 0.47. A strong association was seen between Hb, Epo and TNF-α in hematological and gynecological malignancies for different grades of anemia. Men were more prone to life-threatening anemia (13% than women (9%. Conclusion: Anemia in cancers was not because of inadequate Epo or Fe levels, but because of improper Epo response. Further studies on molecular analysis of Epo, biochemical and molecular interplay between Epo and TNF-α could explain a rationale for anemia in cancers.

  10. Effect of Mobile Phone Radiations on Morphological and Biochemical Parameters of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata and Wheat (Triticum aestivum Seedlings

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    Mobin Afzal

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the last two decades an enormous escalation in wireless equipments has been made our lives easy. The uses of wireless accessories including mobile phone have been enabled instant our communication resources advance and fast, on the other hand along with their advantages there is great increase in radiations, an unprecedented type of pollution, in our environment. Current study was an attempt to observe the morphological and biochemical changes induced by cell phone radiations on Mung bean (Vigna radiata and Wheat (Triticum aestivum seedlings. The effect of cell phone Electromagnetic Radiations (EMR were determined by measuring membrane damage in terms of melondialdehyde [MDA] contents and changes in the levels of antioxidant enzymes like Guaiacol Peroxidase (GPX, Ascorbate Peroxidase (APX, and Catalase (CAT. Our results showed that cell phone EMR caused significant reduction in growth, fresh weight, dry weight, and relative water contents. Where as MDA contents and antioxidant enzymes were increased in stressed seedlings as compared to unstressed seedlings. We concluded that radiations emitted by mobile phone can induce oxidative stress which results in reduced growth and increase in the activity of antioxidant enzymes in mung bean and wheat seedlings.

  11. Some biochemical parameters of blood plasma of turkey-hens following administration of 1,2,4-triasole derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krauze, M; Truchliński, J; Cendrowska-Pinkosz, M

    2007-01-01

    The present study involved 180 slaughter turkey-hens of heavy Big-6 type divided into four groups (in triplicate repetition for 15 birds). All the birds were fed with the same standard full-dose mixtures in 5-stage system. The turkey-hens of groups I, II and III were given 1,2,4-triasole derivative (3-(2-pyridil)-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triasole-5-carboxylic acid), which has antibacterial, antifungal and immunomodulating properties, in amount of 50, 75 and 100 microg per 1 dm3 of water. Group IV--control was given water without the additive. The 1,2,4-triasole derivative was given to drinking water, starting from the first day of bird's life and for the whole rearing period. The present results of biochemical analysis of blood plasma showed that addition of examined substance significantly reduced concentration of protein, glucose, triglycerides and uric acid as compared to control. It was stated that tested 1,2,4-triasole derivative elevated the level of HDL fraction percentage and alkaline phosphatase activity in blood plasma.

  12. The effect of the combination of acids and tannin in diet on the performance and selected biochemical, haematological and antioxidant enzyme parameters in grower pigs

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    Krsnik Mladen

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The abolition of in-feed antibiotics or chemotherapeutics as growth promoters have stimulated the swine industry to look for alternatives such as organic acids, botanicals, probiotics and tannin. The objective of the present study was to compare the effects of a combination of acids and tannin with diet with organic acids and diet without growth promoters on the growth performance and selected biochemical, haematological and antioxidant enzyme parameters in grower pigs. Tannin is more natural and cheaper but possibly with the same effectiveness as organic acids with regard to growth performance. Methods Thirty-six 7 week old grower pigs, divided into three equal groups, were used in a three week feeding trial. Group I was fed basal diet, group II basal diet with added organic acids and group III basal diet with added organic and inorganic acids and tannin. Pigs were weighed before and after feeding and observed daily. Blood was collected before and after the feeding trial for the determination of selected biochemical, haematological and antioxidant enzyme parameters. One-way ANOVA was used to assess any diet related changes of all the parameters. Paired t-test was used to evaluate changes of blood parameters individually in each group of growers before and after feeding. Results No clinical health problems related to diet were noted during the three week feeding trial. The average daily gain (ADG and selected blood parameters were not affected by the addition to basal diet of either acids and tannin or of organic acids alone. Selected blood parameters remained within the reference range before and after the feeding trial, with the exception of total serum proteins that were below the lower value of reference range at both times. The significant changes (paired t-test observed in individual groups before and after the feeding trial are related to the growth of pigs. Conclusion Diet with acids and tannin did not improve the

  13. Single sublethal dose of microcystin-LR is responsible for different alterations in biochemical, histological and physiological renal parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, J; Souza-Menezes, J; Freire, D S; Mattos, L J; Castiglione, R C; Barbosa, C M L; Santiago, L; Ferrão, F M; Cardoso, L H D; da Silva, R T; Vieira-Beiral, H J; Vieyra, A; Morales, M M; Azevedo, S M F O; Soares, R M

    2012-05-01

    Microcystins (MCYSTs) are very stable cyclic peptidic toxins produced by cyanobacteria. Their effects on hepatic tissue have been studied extensively, and they are considered to be a potent hepatotoxin. However, several effects of MCYST on other organs have also been described, but generally in studies using higher doses of MCYST. In the present work, we investigated the effect of a single sublethal dose of MCYST-LR (55 μg/kg) in Wistar rats and analyzed different aspects that influenced renal physiology, including toxin accumulation, excretion, histological morphology, biochemical responses and oxidative damage in the kidney. After 24 h of exposure to MCYST-LR, it was possible to observe an increased glomerular filtration rate (6.28 ± 1.56 vs 2.16 ± 0.48 μl/min per cm(2)) compared with the control group. Increase of interstitial space and collagen deposition corresponded to a fibrotic response to the increased production of reactive oxygen species. The observed decrease of Na(+) reabsorption was due to inhibition of the activity of both Na(+) pumps in proximal tubules cells. We suggested that this modulation is mediated by the effect of MCYST as a phosphatase protein inhibitor that maintains the sustained kinase-mediated regulatory phosphorylation of the ATPases. The observed alteration of Na(+) active transporters lead to damage of renal function, since are involved in regulation of water and solute reabsorption in proximal tubules. The results of this report reinforce the importance of understanding the molecular effects of a single sublethal dose of MCYST-LR, which, in this study, was responsible for macro-alterations found in the renal parenchyma and renal physiology in rats.

  14. Melatonin normalizes clinical and biochemical parameters of mild inflammation in diet-induced metabolic syndrome in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cano Barquilla, Pilar; Pagano, Eleonora S; Jiménez-Ortega, Vanesa; Fernández-Mateos, Pilar; Esquifino, Ana I; Cardinali, Daniel P

    2014-10-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of melatonin to affect mild inflammation in the metabolic syndrome (MS) induced by a high-fat diet in rats. Adult Wistar male rats were divided into four groups (n = 16/group): (i) control diet (3% fat); (ii) high-fat (35%) diet; (iii) high-fat diet + melatonin; and (iv) melatonin. Rats had free access to high-fat or control chow and one of the following drinking solutions for 10 wk: (a) tap water; (b) 25 μg/mL of melatonin. Plasma interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured at two time intervals, that is, the middle of daylight period and the middle of the scotophase. In addition, a number of somatic and metabolic components employed clinically to monitor the MS were measured. Melatonin decreased the augmented circulating levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and CRP seen in obese rats and restored the depressed levels of IL-4 and IL-10. Rats fed with the high-fat diet showed significantly higher body weights and augmented systolic blood pressure from the third and fourth week onwards, respectively, melatonin effectively preventing these changes. In high-fat-fed rats, circulating low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglyceride concentration augmented significantly, melatonin being effective to counteract these changes. Melatonin-treated rats showed a decreased insulin resistance, the highest values of plasma high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and the lowest values of plasma uric acid. The results indicate that melatonin is able to normalize the altered biochemical pro-inflammatory profile seen in rats fed with a high-fat diet.

  15. The clinical spectrum of renal osteodystrophy in 57 chronic hemodialysis patients: a correlation between biochemical parameters and bone pathology findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chazan, J A; Libbey, N P; London, M R; Pono, L; Abuelo, J G

    1991-02-01

    Fifty-nine chronic hemodialysis patients who had been on dialysis for an average of 77 months underwent bone biopsies and the pathologic findings were correlated with biochemical and demographic data. All but two had evidence of renal osteodystrophy, 23 with osteitis fibrosa (OF), 19 with osteomalacia and/or adynamic disease (OM/AD), and 15 with mixed osteodystrophy (MOD). Patients in each group were similar with regard to age, sex distribution, duration of dialysis, unstimulated serum aluminum, calcium and phosphorus. Patients with osteitis fibrosa (OF) had statistically higher DFO stimulated aluminum, alkaline phosphatase and PTHC levels than the other two groups although there was marked individual variation. The bone biopsies were also evaluated for the amount of aluminum deposited in the osteoid seam. All 23 of the patients with OF and 11 of the 15 patients with MOD had no, mild, or minimal aluminum deposition but 12 of the 19 patients with OM/AD had moderate to marked aluminum deposition. Patients with minimal to mild aluminum deposition were similar in age, duration of dialysis, sex distribution, unstimulated and DFO stimulated aluminum levels, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase to those with moderate to marked deposition but had significantly higher parathormone levels. All patients had been treated in a similar fashion regarding diet, oral phosphate binders and vitamin D; therefore, the observed differences in bone pathology were not readily explicable. However, patients who were found to have osteitis fibrosa and those with minimal to mild aluminum deposition had significantly higher parathormone levels when compared with patients in the other groups at the inception of dialysis.

  16. STUDY OF CORRELATION AND SIGNIFICANCE OF BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN THE ASSESSMENT OF ACTIVE PHASE OF THYROID EYE DISEASE

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    Ashok Kumar P

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM Role of Interleukin-6 and HS-CRP Levels in the assessment of active thyroid eye disease. MATERIALS & METHODS A prospective observational study of 30 patients from the age group of 20-60 years with thyroid eye disease done at Regional Institute of Ophthalmology. All patients were subjected to detailed history, ocular examination, systemic examination, biochemical analysis and Imaging. Patients are categorised as mild, moderate and severe active disease based on clinical activity score. For the period of two years, patients are followed at regular periodic intervals according to the severity of disease and results were analysed. RESULTS Out of 30 patients studied, majority of the patients were females (60%, and 70% of the patients had bilateral disease. Among 30 patients, 83.33% in hyperthyroid state, 3.33% in Hypothyroid state, 13.33% in Euthyroid state (Table 3. Smoking being important risk factor in 30% among males. 50% of patients presented with mild disease, 30% with moderate disease, 0% with severe disease. IL-6, HS-CRP levels are increased only in patients with severe active disease (Table 6. Remission attained in all patients when treated earlier with steroids. CONCLUSION Identifying disease activity early and aggressive treatment with systemic steroids in active phase of moderate and severe disease has reduced the morbidity associated with disease. Correlation of IL-6, HS-CRP, TFT levels are significantly increased only in patients with active phase of severe thyroid eye disease but not significantly elevated in active phase of moderate disease. Another pitfall is IL-6 is an expensive ELISA based diagnosis. Thus, IL-6 & HS-CRP cannot be routinely used to screen patients with Thyroid eye disease.

  17. Aluminium-induced changes in hemato-biochemical parameters, lipid peroxidation and enzyme activities of male rabbits: protective role of ascorbic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousef, Mokhtar I

    2004-06-01

    For a long time, aluminium (Al) has been considered an indifferent element from a toxicological point of view. In recent years, however, Al has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several clinical disorders, such as dialysis dementia, the fulminant neurological disorder that can develop in patients on renal dialysis. Therefore, the present experiment was carried out to determine the effectiveness of l-ascorbic acid (AA) in alleviating the toxicity of aluminium chloride (AlCl3) on certain hemato-biochemical parameters, lipid peroxidation and enzyme activities of male New Zealand white rabbits. Six rabbits per group were assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups: 0mg AA and 0mg AlCl3/kg body weight (BW) (control); 40 mg AA/kg BW; 34 mg AlCl3/kg BW (1/25 LD50); 34 mg AlCl3 plus 40 mg AA/kg BW. Rabbits were orally administered their respective doses every other day for 16 weeks. Evaluations were made for lipid peroxidation, enzyme activities and hemato-biochemical parameters. Results obtained showed that AlCl3 significantly (PAluminium treatment caused a significant decrease in plasma total lipids (TL), blood haemoglobin (Hb), total erythrocytic count (TEC) and packed cell volume (PCV), and increased total leukocyte count (TLC) and the concentrations of glucose, urea, creatinine, bilirubin and cholesterol. Ascorbic acid alone significantly decreased the levels of free radicals, TL, cholesterol, glucose and creatinine, and increased the activity of GST, SH groups, Hb, TEC and PCV. While, the rest of the tested parameters were not affected. Also, the present study showed that ascorbic acid can be effective in the protection of aluminium-induced toxicity.

  18. Hematology and Some Biochemical Parameters of Wild Rodents in Pistachio Gardens of Kerman Province,Southeast Iran%Hematology and Some Biochemical Parameters of Wild Rodents in Pistachio Gardens of Kerman Province, Southeast Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MADJDZADEH SM; ABBASNEJAD M; TAKALLOOZADEH HM

    2011-01-01

    Wild rodents were collected using live snap traps in pistachio gardens of Kerman Province,Southeast Iran from 2007 to 2009,then some physiological parameters of them were measured.The samples were identified as follow:Nesokia indica,Meriones persicus,Meriones lybicus and Tatera indica.Blood samples were obtained from the heart,then the blood parameters (glucose,cholesterol,triglyceride,total protein,HDL,red and white blood cell number) in wild species of rodents and laboratory rat were compared.The results showed that there were no significant differences in serum glucose,triglyceride,HDL and total protein levels among different experimental groups.The concentration of cholesterol in T.indica was more than that in N.indica (P < 0.01).The total numbers of red blood cells also showed significant difference between wild garden rodent species and laboratory rat (P < 0.01),while the numbers of white blood cells showed no significant difference.

  19. Effect of ensiled mulberry leaves and sun-dried mulberry fruit pomace on finishing steer growth performance, blood biochemical parameters, and carcass characteristics.

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    Zhenming Zhou

    Full Text Available Fifty-one Simmental crossbred steers (357.0 ± 16.5 kg were used to compare a standard total mix ration (TMR with variants on animal performance, ruminal fermentation, blood biochemical parameters, and carcass characteristics. Corn grain and cotton seed meal were partially replaced by ensiled mulberry leaves (EML or sun-dried mulberry fruit pomace (SMFP. Experimental diets had similar amounts of crude protein (CP, acid detergent fiber (ADF, and metabolizable energy (ME. Animals were divided into three groups: control group (CONT, 8% EML group, and 6.3% SMFP group. Performance, including average daily weight gain (ADG, and dry matter intake (DMI, was measured. Blood and rumen samples were collected at the end of the experiment (16 weeks. There were no differences in final body weight (P = 0.743, ADG (P = 0.425, DMI (P = 0.642, or ADG/DMI (P = 0.236 between the groups. There were no differences (P = 0.2024 in rumen pH values; ammonia N was lower (P = 0.0076 in SMFP than in the EML and CONT groups. There were differences in the concentrations of total and individual volatile fatty acids, while no differences were determined in blood biochemical parameters (i.e., plasma glucose, urea concentrations, triglycerides, total protein, insulin, IgG, alanine transaminase, and aspartate aminotransferase, P ≥ 0.098. No differences were observed in carcass characteristics (P ≥ 0.513, tenderness (P = 0.844, adipose and lean color values (P ≥ 0.149, and chemical composition (P ≥ 0.400; however, intramuscular fat was lower in the EML and SMFP groups compared to the CONT animals (P = 0.034. In conclusion, diets supplemented with these two mulberry products in an isocaloric and isonitrogenous manner have similar effects to corn grain and cotton seed meals on steer performance, blood biochemical parameters and carcass characteristics, with the exception of ruminal VFA concentrations and lower intramuscular fat content.

  20. Single versus repeated tramadol injection in laparotomized albino rats: comparison of effects on hematology, serum biochemical parameters, and body weight gain

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    Rita Ijeoma Udegbunam

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to assess the effects of single and repeated tramadol administration on some hematological and serum biochemical parameters of laparotomized rats. Laparotomized rats (n=18 were randomly divided into three equal groups. Normal saline was administered to the rats of group 1 (control. Tramadol (dosed at 10 mg/kg bwt was administered singly to the rats of group 2. The same dose of tramadol was administered repeatedly every 12 h up to 72 h to the rats of group 3. On day 3 and 10 post-laparotomy (PSL, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, total serum protein, hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration and red blood cell counts in the rats of group 2 were found to be significantly (P<0.05 higher than those obtained in group 1 and group 3. Mean weights of rats in group 1 and group 3 were significantly lower than those of the rats of group 2 PSL. This study showed that repeated tramadol administration lead to slower weight gain as well as marked decrease in biochemical and erythrocytic variables in rats. Therefore, single administration of tramadol PSL may suffice for analgesia. [J Adv Vet Anim Res 2015; 2(3.000: 316-320

  1. Glyphosate-based herbicide affects biochemical parameters in Rhamdia quelen (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 and Leporinus obtusidens (Valenciennes, 1837

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    Vania Lucia Loro

    Full Text Available Rhamdia quelen (silver catfish and Leporinus obtusidens (piava were exposed to a commercial formulation Roundup(r, a glyphosate-based herbicide at concentrations of 0.2 or 0.4 mg/L for 96 h. The effects of the herbicide were analyzed on the alanine aminotransferase (ALT and aspartate aminotransferase (AST activities and glucose in plasma, glucose and protein in the mucus layer, nucleotide hydrolysis in the brain, and protein carbonyl in the liver. The parameters were chosen, owing to a lack of information concerning integrated analysis, considering oxidative damage parameters, liver damage, and effects on the mucus layer composition and triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase activities. Plasmatic glucose levels were reduced in both species, whereas the transaminase activities (ALT and AST increased after exposure to the herbicide. Herbicide exposure increased protein and glucose levels in the mucus layer in both species. There was a reduction in both NTPDase and ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity in the brain of piava, and increased enzyme activity in silver catfish at both concentrations tested. The species showed an increase in protein carbonyl in the liver after exposure to both concentrations of the glyphosate. Our results demonstrated that exposure to Roundup(r caused liver damage, as evidenced by increased plasma transaminases and liver protein carbonyl in both of the fish species studied. The mucus composition changed and hypoglycemia was detected after Roundup(r exposure in both species. Brain nucleotide hydrolysis showed a different response for each fish species studied. These parameters indicated some important and potential indicators of glyphosate contamination in aquatic ecosystems.

  2. Evaluation of changes in blood hematological and biochemical parameters in response to Islamic fasting and regular physical activity in male and female subjects

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    Seyyed Reza Attarzadeh Hosseini

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fasting during Ramadan is a religious obligation for healthy adult Muslims. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Ramadan fasting and physical activity on blood hematological and biochemical parameters in male and female subjects. Methods: In this study, 50 healthy subjects were randomly assigned to four groups: male control fasting (MCF group (n=13, male training fasting (MTF group (n=13, female control fasting (FCF group (n=12, and female training fasting (FTF group (n=12, and were compared in two stages (before and after the intervention. For inter- and intra-group comparisons, a repeated measure ANOVA was applied. Results: The results showed a significant decline in body weight, body mass index, body fat percentage, and waist-to-hip ratio after Ramadan fasting, compared to the pre-Ramadan period. Also, significant changes were observed in red blood cell count and hematocrit level (P

  3. Physiological and biochemical parameters for identification of QTLs controlling the winter triticale drought tolerance at the seedling stage.

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    Hura, Tomasz; Hura, Katarzyna; Grzesiak, Stanisław

    2009-03-01

    The genetic map of the triticale is created on the basis of double-haploid (DH) lines, derived from F1 hybrids of a cross between the parental line Saka3006 and Modus. In order to localise drought resistance genes, it is necessary to find a phenotype feature which clearly differentiates between parental lines under drought stress conditions. With the future in mind, the aim of the presented studies was to analyse differences in the response to drought stress, between Saka3006 and Modus. Analyses of the water status of leaves, and the activity of the photosynthetic apparatus and protective mechanisms relating to the accumulation of phenolic compounds, were carried out. The studies were completed during the tillering phase. Statistically significant changes, between genotypes experiencing the drought period, were noticed for the osmotic potential, leaf water content, some parameters of chlorophyll fluorescence, and for phenolics and the ferulic acid content. On the basis of the studies, the Saka genotype can be considered drought resistant due to higher leaf water content caused, probably, by smaller hydraulic resistance relative to Modus. The activity of its photosynthetic apparatus during drought was higher than that for the Modus genotype. The high level of phenolic compounds, which can act as photoprotectors and free radical scavengers, was also maintained. All the mentioned parameters can represent the potential phenotype features, which allow the identification of resistance genes on the genetic map of the triticale, which is currently being created.

  4. Comparative toxicity of physiological and biochemical parameters in Euglena gracilis to short-term exposure to potassium sorbate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Fernanda; Pinto, Luciano Henrique; Del Ciampo, Lineu Fernando; Lorenzi, Luciano; Heyder, Carmen Diamantina Teixeira; Häder, Donat Peter; Erzinger, Gilmar Sidnei

    2015-01-01

    Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid, is a widespread and efficient antioxidant that has multiple functions in plants, traditionally associated with the reactions of photosynthesis; however, it has moderate toxicity to various species including rat, fish, bacteria and human health. The effects of potassium sorbate on the movement and photosynthetic parameters of Euglena gracilis were studied during short-term exposure. Potassium sorbate showed acute toxicity to the green flagellate E. gracilis affecting different physiological parameters used as endpoints in an automatic bioassay such as motility, precision of gravitational orientation (r-value), upward movement and alignment, with mean EC50 values of 2867.2 mg L(-1). The concentrations above 625 mg L(-1) of potassium sorbate induce an inhibition of the photosynthetic efficiency and electron transport rate and, in concentrations more than 2500.0 mg L(-1), the Euglena cells undergo a complete inhibition of photosynthesis even at low light irradiation.

  5. Effects of dietary supplementation of fermented Ginkgo biloba L. residues on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters and immune function in weaned piglets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hao; Wang, Chengzhang; Ye, Jianzhong; Chen, Hongxia; Tao, Ran

    2015-08-01

    This study evaluated the effects of fermented Ginkgo biloba L. residues (FGBLR) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters and immune function in weaned piglets. Pigs were allotted to five dietary treatments, including negative control (NC: antibiotic free basal diet), positive control (PC) (NC + 30 mg apramycin/kg) and FGBLR-50, 100, 150 (NC + 50, 100, 150 g FGBLR/kg). Pigs in FGBLR-100 and PC treatments showed increased final body weight, average daily gain, gain:feed and apparent total tract digestibility of dry matter, N and gross energy (P < 0.05) compared with NC, FGBLR-50 and FGBLR-150 treatments, In addition, pigs fed with FGBLR-100 diet showed higher serum total protein, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, glucose, hemoglobin, total iron, total iron binding capacity, superoxide dismutase and glutathione superoxide dismutase levels, and lower serum blood urea nitrogen, malondialdehyde, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase, triglyceride and total cholesterol levels than those fed with PC and NC diets (P < 0.05). Moreover, feeding FGBLR-100 could increase levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgA and IgM, as well as lymphocyte transformation rates, ratio of CD4+ to CD8+ cells and proportions of CD2+, CD4+, B, major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-I and MHC-II cells, and can decrease proportion of CD8+ cells in blood of piglets compared with PC and NC groups (P < 0.05). These results indicate that dietary supplementation with 10% of FGBLR showed greatest beneficial effects on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters and immune function in weaned piglets, which were superior to antibiotic supplemental diets.

  6. Evaluation of Some Biochemical Parameters and Brain Oxidative Stress in Experimental Rats Exposed Chronically to Silver Nitrate and the Protective Role of Vitamin E and Selenium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gueroui, Mouna; Kechrid, Zine

    2016-01-01

    Due to undesirable hazardous interactions with biological systems, this investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effect of chronic exposure to silver on certain biochemical and some oxidative stress parameters with histopathological examination of brain, as well as the possible protective role of selenium and/or vitamin E as nutritional supplements. Thirty six male rats were divided into six groups of six each: the first group used as a control group. Group II given both vitamin E (400 mg/kg) of diet and selenium (Se) (1 mg/L) in their drinking water. Group III given silver as silver nitrate (AgNO3) (20 mg/L). Group IV given vitamin E and AgNO3. Group V given both AgNO3 and selenium. Group VI given AgNO3, vitamin E and Se. The animals were in the same exposure conditions for 3 months. According to the results which have been obtained; there was an increase in serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), lipase activities and cholesterol level, a decrease in serum total protein, calcium and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in Ag-intoxicated rats. Moreover, the findings showed that Ag+ ions affected antioxidant defense system by decreasing superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and increasing vitamin E concentration with a high level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in brain tissue. The histological examination also exhibited some nervous tissue alterations including hemorrhage and cytoplasm vacuolization. However, the co-administration of selenium and/or vitamin E ameliorated the biochemical parameters and restored the histological alterations. In conclusion, this study indicated that silver could cause harmful effects in animal body and these effects can be more toxic in high concentrations or prolonged time exposure to this metal. However, selenium and vitamin E act as powerful antioxidants which may exercise adverse effect against the toxicity of this metal.

  7. Methods of mesophyll conductance estimation: its impact on key biochemical parameters and photosynthetic limitations in phosphorus-stressed soybean across CO2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Shardendu K; Reddy, Vangimalla R

    2016-06-01

    Despite the development of various methods, the rapid estimation of mesophyll conductance (gm ) for a large number of samples is still a daunting challenge. Although the accurate estimation of gm is critical to partition photosynthetic limitations by stomatal (Ls ) and mesophyll (Lm ) conductance and by photo-biochemical (Lb ) processes, the impact of various gm estimation methods on this is ambiguous. As phosphorus (P) starvation and elevated CO2 (eCO2 ) strongly affect photosynthetic processes, their combined effect on the proportional changes in these limitations are not well understood. To investigate this, while also evaluating distinct recent methods of gm estimation sharing few common theories and assumptions, soybean was grown under a range of P nutrition at ambient and eCO2 . Methods significantly affected gm and carboxylation efficiency (VCmax ) but not other photosynthetic parameters. In all the methods, all photosynthetic parameters responded similarly to treatments. However, the percentage difference between VCmax assuming finite and infinite gm was highly inconsistent among methods. The primary mechanism responsible for P limitation to soybean photosynthesis was not CO2 diffusion limitations but Lb comprised of reduced chlorophyll, photochemistry and biochemical processes. The eCO2 decreased Lb but increased Lm without affecting Ls across leaf P concentration. Although each method explored advances of our understanding about gm variability, they all require assumptions of varying degrees, which lead to the discrepancy in the gm values. Among the methods, the oxygen sensitivity-based gm estimation appeared to be suitable for the quick assessment of a large number of samples or genotypes. Digital tools are provided for the easy estimation of gm for some methods.

  8. INFLUENCE OF SURFACE-ACTIVE RHAMNOLIPID BIOCOMPLEX AND ETHYLTHIOSULFANILATE ON GROWTH AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF PLANTS IN THE OIL CONTAMINATED SOIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Banya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the work was to study the influence of rhamnolipid biocomplex and ethylthiosulfanilate on field pea and sorghum plants when growing in petroleum contaminated soil. Plant seeds were treated with solutions of rhamnolipid biocomplex or ethylthiosulfanilate (0.01 g/l before planting and grown in containers with soil artificially contaminated with petroleum (5, 8 and 10%. Effect of rhamnolipid biocomplex and ethylthiosulfanilate was determined by the determination of growth (weight, length plants and biochemical parameters (content of photosynthetic pigments, hydrogen peroxide, malondialdehyde. The stimulating effect of rhamnolipid biocomplex and ethylthiosulfanilate on growth parameters of field pea was shown: the shoot mass has significantly increased on 39%, root mass – on 26% if compared with the control. For sorghum somewhat smaller increase of growth parameters was observed. Under the influence of rhamnolipid biocomplex and ethylthiosulfanilate the content of photosynthetic pigments in field pea and sorghum has also increased. It was determined that the action rhamnolipid biocomplex and ethylthiosulfanilate promoted the decrease of indicators of plant oxidative reactions if compared with control: the content of hydrogen peroxide – in average on 15% and 16%, malondialdehyde – on 13.5% and 16% respectively. The results of the study testify to the effectiveness of rhamnolipid biocomplex and ethylthiosulfanilate as growth stimulators for field pea and sorghum, as well as improvement of adaptive capability of plants to unfavorable conditions. It creates the prospects of their application as effective and ecologically safe substances for the intensification of contaminated soil phytoremediation.

  9. High sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP level and biochemical parameters for prehypertension and prediabetes diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuttana Sudjaroen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Coronary atherosclerosis still presents one of the main causes of death. Efficacious prevention should focus on the early control of cardiovascular risk factors, including lipid profiles, which are unable early detect in subclinical cases. High-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP can prove to be an early cardiac risk predictor. Aims: 1 To compare hs-CRP levels between healthy volunteer with normal blood pressure and those with prehypertension, and 2 to use hs-CRP levels along with other risks to be a cardiac risk predictor. Setting and Design: This was a cross-sectional study for 6 months′ duration from January to June 2013 at Kudjab Hospital located in Udon Thani province, Thailand. Materials and Methods: Forty (40 healthy volunteers with prehypertension and 40 volunteers with normal blood pressure were included in the study. Both groups were similar in age range and sex. Twelve-hour (12-h fasting blood samples were collected from all the participants. Serum was assayed for hs-CRP and lipid profile. Results: All of parameters were statistically significant difference (P < 000.1. The hs-CRP level (6.27 ± 7.8 mg/L was elevated in the prehypertension group. The relative risk of hs-CRP for prehypertension was 6.3 with the odds ratio of 15.48, whereas the relative risk of lipid profiles for prehypertension prediction was only 1.28, with the odds ratio of 1.67. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 11.0 using the unpaired t-test for comparing demographic data and blood parameters and risk prediction of hs-CRP and lipid profiles were calculated by relative risk with odds ratio [95% confidence interval (CI]. Conclusions: Hs-CRP is an early cardiac risk predictor even with normal lipid profile, and can help measure additional risk especially subclinical people such as prehypertension.

  10. Microbial functional diversity enhances predictive models linking environmental parameters to ecosystem properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Jeff R; Welsh, Allana; Hallin, Sara

    2015-07-01

    Microorganisms drive biogeochemical processes, but linking these processes to real changes in microbial communities under field conditions is not trivial. Here, we present a model-based approach to estimate independent contributions of microbial community shifts to ecosystem properties. The approach was tested empirically, using denitrification potential as our model process, in a spatial survey of arable land encompassing a range of edaphic conditions and two agricultural production systems. Soil nitrate was the most important single predictor of denitrification potential (the change in Akaike's information criterion, corrected for sample size, ΔAIC(c) = 20.29); however, the inclusion of biotic variables (particularly the evenness and size of denitrifier communities [ΔAIC(c) = 12.02], and the abundance of one denitrifier genotype [ΔAIC(c) = 18.04]) had a substantial effect on model precision, comparable to the inclusion of abiotic variables (biotic R2 = 0.28, abiotic R2 = 0.50, biotic + abiotic R2 = 0.76). This approach provides a valuable tool for explicitly linking microbial communities to ecosystem functioning. By making this link, we have demonstrated that including aspects of microbial community structure and diversity in biogeochemical models can improve predictions of nutrient cycling in ecosystems and enhance our understanding of ecosystem functionality.

  11. Role of Bifidobacterium bifidum and plant food extracts in improving microflora and biochemical and cytogenetic parameters in adjuvant arthritis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Okbi, S. Y.; Mohamed, D. A.; Donya, S. M.; Abd El Khalek, A. B.

    2011-07-01

    The aim of the present research was to discover plant food extracts and probiotics that may have bioactivity towards chronic inflammation. Three plant food extract mixtures expected to be rich in phenolic compounds, carotenoids and tocopherols were prepared. The anti-inflammatory activity of the different mixtures as well as probiotic bacteria (Bifidobacterium bifidum) were evaluated in adjuvant arthritis in rats. The anti-inflammatory effect, mechanism of action and safety of the three mixtures and Bifidobacterium bifidum were studied by measuring the size of inflammation and the determination of inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers, colonic bacteria profile and specific cytogenetic parameters. The contents of tocopherols, {beta}-carotene and phenolic compounds in the mixtures were determined. The results show that the tested mixtures and Bifidobacterium bifidum possess promising anti-inflammatory effects. The mechanism of action seems to involve a reduction in oxidative stress and inflammatory bio markers and an effect on colonic microflora. Genotoxicity and DNA fragmentation induced by adjuvant arthritis were prevented after supplementation with the tested mixtures. (Author) 61 refs.

  12. Haematological, biochemical and inflammatory parameters in inactive Behçet's disease. Its association with red blood cell distribution width.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vayá, Amparo; Rivera, Leonor; Todolí, José; Hernandez, Jose Luis; Laiz, Begoña; Ricart, José M

    2014-01-01

    Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been shown to be associated with disease activity in several inflammatory disorders. However only one study to show this has been conducted in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). The aim of the present study was to analyse the association of RDW with BD and its main complications; i.e.; thrombosis and posterior uveitis. A second aim was to analyse the possible correlation between RDW and both haematological and inflammatory parameters. Eighty-nine patients with BD (48 males/41 females) and 94 controls (49 males/45 females) were included in the study. Patients were in an inactive phase of the disease, showing only minimum activity. RDW was statistically higher in patients than in controls (14.02 ± 1.32 vs. 13.15 ± 0.75; p 0.05). RDW correlated negatively with haemoglobin, MCH and MCHC (p 0.05). The multivariate regression analysis revealed that haemoglobin and homocysteine were independent predictors of RDW (beta coefficient: -0.310; p = 0.003, beta coefficient: 0.379; p 14 was associated with neither thrombosis nor uveitis (p = 0.935; p = 0.553, respectively). Our results indicate that BD patients show increased RDW when compared with controls. This increase seems to be related with haematimetric indices and with homocysteine levels. Lack of correlation with inflammatory markers may be due to the fact that patients were in an inactive phase of the disease.

  13. Effects of medium-chain fatty acids on performance, carcass characteristics, blood biochemical parameters and immune response in Japanese quail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeidi, E; Shokrollahi, B; Karimi, K; Amiri-Andi, M

    2016-06-01

    This study had the aim of evaluating the effects of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) on performance, carcass characteristics, some blood parameters and antibody titre against sheep red blood cells (SRBC) in quail. A total of 240 quail chicks were allotted to 4 treatments consisting of respectively 0, 1, 2 and 4 g/kg dietary MCFA. There were no significant differences in body weight, feed intake and feed conversion ratio among treatments at different stages of the experiment. MCFAs had no significant effect on breast, thigh, liver, spleen and bursa of Fabricius weight ratios. However, the relative weight of abdominal fat significantly decreased in quail receiving 0.2 and 0.4 MCFA as compared to other treatments. Concentrations of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL), triglycerides and total cholesterol were decreased and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol was increased in quail chicks receiving MCFA compared with control quail chicks. The concentrations of SRBC antibody were not statistically different among treatments. It is concluded that MCFA significantly decreased LDL, triglycerides, cholesterol and abdominal fat and increased HDL in quail chicks.

  14. Assessment of clinical biochemical parameters in Roma minority residing in eastern Slovakia compared with the majority population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubková, Beáta; Maslanková, Jana; Stupák, Marek; Guzy, Juraj; Kovácová, Anna; Pella, Daniel; Jarcuska, Peter; Mareková, Mária

    2014-03-01

    Roma constitute the largest ethnic minority in Europe and the second largest minority in Slovakia. Their health problems originate mainly from their low socioeconomic status, certain cultural aspects and their health-threatening lifestyle as well as the psycho-social burden arising from poverty and frequent migration. Evaluation of glucose, albumin, triacylglycerol (TAG) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations did not reveal any clue about the presumed deteriorated health of the Roma population. Higher proportions of subjects with elevated serum total cholesterol were found in Roma women as compared to both control groups of women (p = 0.027, p = 0.006) and in Roma men as compared to the male control group living in standard conditions. Only the low level of HDL-cholesterol gives a glimpse of their deteriorated health. Significantly lower levels of serum HDL-C were reported in Roma men and women compared to the respondents in both control groups with a p value of p Roma men and men from the control group 1 (p = 0.022) in favour of the control group. When comparing the number of people with physiological values of cholesterols and with worsening TAG parameters at the same time, the increased risk of Roma men compared with men from the control group 1 became evident, with a level of significance of p = 0.023. Evaluation of urine samples pointed to significantly higher concentrations of urinary protein in Roma women compared with women in the control group 1 (p = 0.012).

  15. EFFECT OF FEEDING AMARANTH (AMARANTHUS ON AQUACULTURAL AND SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF AGE-2 CARP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Palamarchuk

    2016-06-01

    with artificial feeds of improved composition. This will allow reducing the cost of artificial feeds, obtaining higher growth rate, and improving physiological parameters of cultured carp.

  16. Role of Bifidobacterium bifidum and plant food extracts in improving microflora and biochemical and cytogenetic parameters in adjuvant arthritis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donya, S. M.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present research was to discover plant food extracts and probiotics that may have bioactivity towards chronic inflammation. Three plant food extract mixtures expected to be rich in phenolic compounds, carotenoids and tocopherols were prepared. The anti-inflammatory activity of the different mixtures as well as probiotic bacteria (Bifidobacterium bifidum were evaluated in adjuvant arthritis in rats. The anti-inflammatory effect, mechanism of action and safety of the three mixtures and Bifidobacterium bifidum were studied by measuring the size of inflammation and the determination of inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers, colonic bacteria profile and specific cytogenetic parameters. The contents of tocopherols, β-carotene and phenolic compounds in the mixtures were determined. The results show that the tested mixtures and Bifidobacterium bifidum possess promising anti-inflammatory effects. The mechanism of action seems to involve a reduction in oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers and an effect on colonic microflora. Genotoxicity and DNA fragmentation induced by adjuvant arthritis were prevented after supplementation with the tested mixtures.El objetivo de la presente investigación fue encontrar extractos de alimentos vegetales y probióticos que puedan tener bioactividad hacía la inflamación crónica. Mezclas de tres extractos de alimentos vegetales conocidos por su riqueza en compuestos fenólicos, carotenoides y tocoferoles han sido preparadas. La actividad anti-inflamatoria de las diferentes mezclas y de bacterias probióticas (Bifidobacterium bifidum fue evaluada en artritis adyuvante en ratas. El efecto anti-inflamatorio, mecanismo de acción y salubridad de las tres mezclas y de Bifidobacterium bifidum ha sido estudiado mediante la medida del tamaño de la inflamación y la determinación de biomarcadores de inflamación y estrés oxidativo, del perfil de bacterias del colón y de parámetros citogen

  17. Changes in blood morphology and chosen biochemical parameters in ultra-marathon runners during a 100-km run in relation to the age and speed of runners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Jastrzębski

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The objective of the study was to reveal morphology, electrolyte and chosen biochemical parameters in terms of health risk in runners in reference to their age and running speed in the case of running a distance of 100 km, which occur after 12 h or 24 h of recovery. Material and Methods: Fourteen experienced, male, amateur, ultra-marathon runners, divided into two age and two speed groups took part in the 100-km run. Blood samples for analyses indexes were collected from the ulnar vein just before the run, after 25 km, 50 km, 75 km and 100 km, as well as 12 h and 24 h after termination of the run. Results: The sustained ultramarathon run along with the distance covered (p < 0.05 caused an increase in myoglobin (max 90-fold, bilirubin (max 2.8-fold and total antioxidant status (max 1.15-fold, which also continued during the recovery. Significant changes in the number of white blood cells were observed with each sequential course and could be associated with muscle damage. The electrolyte showed changes towards slight hyperkalemia, but no changes in natrium and calcium concentrations. There were no significant differences between the age and speed groups for all the parameters after completing the 100-km run as well as after 12 h and 24 h of recovery. Conclusions: Considering changes in blood morphology and chosen biochemical parameters in ultra-marathon runners during a 100-km run it can be stated that such an exhausting effort may be dangerous for human health due to metabolic changes and large damage to the organs. Negative metabolic changes are independent of age of an ultramarathon runner and occur both in younger (32±5.33 years and older participants (50.56±9.7 years. It can be concluded that organ damage and negative metabolic changes during a 100-km run occur similarly in participants less experienced as well as in well trained runners. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;29(5:801–814

  18. Relationship between dietary intake and use of protease inhibitors with anthropometric and biochemical parameters of lipodystrophy in people living with HIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane Andreza Lima da Silva

    Full Text Available The lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by redistribution of body fat and disorders of glicidic and lipid metabolism. Although its etiology is related to infection and drug therapy, there is little evidence regarding the nutritional disturbances on this association. This study aimed to assess the relationship between dietary intake and use of protease inhibitors (PIs with anthropometric and biochemical parameters in HIV positive patients. The study included 50 patients. A questionnaire about socioeconomic status, lifestyle and infection history was taken. In addition, it was conducted the evaluation of dietary intake (frequency questionnaire, anthropometric parameters (body mass index, waist circumference, triceps skinfold, corrected arm muscle area and biochemistry tests (glycemia and lipid profile. Only 37% of the sample was classified as "good food consumption", 54% were overweight or obese and 66% presented high waist circumference. The group with good food consumption had higher HDL-C (p=0.04 levels than the group with poor food consumption. Patients taking PIs presented VLDL-C (p=0.023 and triglycerides (p=0.024 levels significantly higher. These results indicated the necessity for continuous monitoring of HIV-positive patients and non-pharmacological interventions such as nutrition education and practice of physical exercises.

  19. Effects of sublethal concentrations of tobacco (Nicotiana tobaccum leaf dust on some biochemical parameters of Hybrid catfish (Clarias gariepinus and Heterobranchus bidorsalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabir Mohammed Adamu

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the effect of tobacco (Nicotiana tobaccum leaf dust at sublethal concentrations (375.6, 187.8, 93.9 0.0mg/L on biochemical parameters of Hybrid catfish in a static semi-renewable bioassay system with the aim to ascertain its effect on the test fish after 14 days exposure period. The effects of the plant dust on the test fish was dose-dependent, revealing significant difference in albumin, glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, urea, and uric acid of the serum, liver and kidney; total protein and globulin of serum and kidney and creatinine and calcium of the serum while insignificant difference were observed for calcium and creatinine in liver and kidney and total protein and globulin in liver compared to the control. The effect of the plant dust was most pronounced in the serum, less in the kidney and least in the liver. However, the monitored water quality parameters revealed that the plant dust had effects on primary productivity, thus the biodiversity of organisms.

  20. Relationship between dietary intake and use of protease inhibitors with anthropometric and biochemical parameters of lipodystrophy in people living with hiv.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Tatiane Andreza Lima; Barboza, Renata Rangel; de Andrade, Ricardo Dias; de Medeiros, Rafaela Catherine da Silva Cunha; de Medeiros, Jason Azevedo; de Souza, Hunaway Albuquerque Galvão; Leite, Lúcia Dantas; Dantas, Paulo Moreira Silva

    2014-10-01

    The lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by redistribution of body fat and disorders of glicidic and lipid metabolism. Although its etiology is related to infection and drug therapy, there is little evidence regarding the nutritional disturbances on this association. This study aimed to assess the relationship between dietary intake and use of protease inhibitors (PIs) with anthropometric and biochemical parameters in HIV positive patients. The study included 50 patients. A questionnaire about socioeconomic status, lifestyle and infection history was taken. In addition, it was conducted the evaluation of dietary intake (frequency questionnaire), anthropometric parameters (body mass index, waist circumference, triceps skinfold, corrected arm muscle area) and biochemistry tests (glycemia and lipid profile). Only 37% of the sample was classified as "good food consumption", 54% were overweight or obese and 66% presented high waist circumference. The group with good food consumption had higher HDL-C (p=0.04) levels than the group with poor food consumption. Patients taking PIs presented VLDL-C (p=0.023) and triglycerides (p=0.024) levels significantly higher. These results indicated the necessity for continuous monitoring of HIV-positive patients and non-pharmacological interventions such as nutrition education and practice of physical exercises.

  1. Insights into the links between microstructure and Bishop's X parameter for unsaturated soils

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Jean-Michel; ALONSO, Eduardo E

    2009-01-01

    International audience; In recent years, Bishop's proposal for a generalized stress extending Terzaghi's stress to unsaturated states gained a large audience. Despite the complexity introduced in some aspects of modelling or stress representation, such an approach allows to model in a simple manner particular features of unsaturated soils behaviour. In this paper, an alternative choice for this parameter is proposed and validated using either shear strength or elastic stiffness experimental d...

  2. Non-Invasive Parameter Identification in Rotordynamics via Fluid Film Bearings: Linking Active Lubrication and Operational Modal Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santos, Ilmar; Svendsen, Peter Kjær

    2017-01-01

    forces, resulting from a strong coupling between hydrodynamic, hydrostatic and controllable lubrication regimes, can be used either to control or to excite rotor lateral vibrations. If non-invasive forces are generated via lubricant fluid film, in situ parameter identification can be carried out......, enabling evaluation of the mechanical condition of the rotating machine. Using the lubricant fluid film as a non-invasive calibrated shaker is troublesome, once several transfer functions among mechanical, hydraulic and electronic components become necessary. In this framework the main original...... contribution of this paper is to show experimentally that the knowledge about the several transfer functions can be bypassed by using output-only identification techniques. The manuscript links controllable (active) lubrication techniques with operational modal analysis, allowing for in-situ parameter...

  3. Non-Invasive Parameter Identification in Rotordynamics via Fluid Film Bearings: Linking Active Lubrication and Operational Modal Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santos, Ilmar; Svendsen, Peter Kjær

    2016-01-01

    of this paper is to show experimentally that the knowledge about the several transfer functions can be bypassed by using output-only identification techniques. The manuscript links controllable (active) lubrication techniques with operational modal analysis, allowing for in-situ parameter identification...... in rotordynamics, i.e. estimation of damping ratio and natural frequencies.The experimental analysis is carried out on a rigid rotor level system supported by one single pair of pads. The estimation of damping and natural frequencies is performed using classical experimental modal analysis (EMA) and operational...... modal analysis (OMA). Very good agreements between the two experimental approaches are found. Maximum values of the main input parameters, namely servovalve voltage and radial injection pressure, are experimentally found with the objective of defining ranges of non-invasive perturbation forces....

  4. Acquisition of isotopic composition for surface snow in East Antarctica and the links to climatic parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touzeau, Alexandra; Landais, Amaëlle; Stenni, Barbara; Uemura, Ryu; Fukui, Kotaro; Fujita, Shuji; Guilbaud, Sarah; Ekaykin, Alexey; Casado, Mathieu; Barkan, Eugeni; Luz, Boaz; Magand, Olivier; Teste, Grégory; Le Meur, Emmanuel; Baroni, Mélanie; Savarino, Joël; Bourgeois, Ilann; Risi, Camille

    2016-04-01

    The isotopic compositions of oxygen and hydrogen in ice cores are invaluable tools for the reconstruction of past climate variations. Used alone, they give insights into the variations of the local temperature, whereas taken together they can provide information on the climatic conditions at the point of origin of the moisture. However, recent analyses of snow from shallow pits indicate that the climatic signal can become erased in very low accumulation regions, due to local processes of snow reworking. The signal-to-noise ratio decreases and the climatic signal can then only be retrieved using stacks of several snow pits. Obviously, the signal is not completely lost at this stage, otherwise it would be impossible to extract valuable climate information from ice cores as has been done, for instance, for the last glaciation. To better understand how the climatic signal is passed from the precipitation to the snow, we present here results from varied snow samples from East Antarctica. First, we look at the relationship between isotopes and temperature from a geographical point of view, using results from three traverses across Antarctica, to see how the relationship is built up through the distillation process. We also take advantage of these measures to see how second-order parameters (d-excess and 17O-excess) are related to δ18O and how they are controlled. d-excess increases in the interior of the continent (i.e., when δ18O decreases), due to the distillation process, whereas 17O-excess decreases in remote areas, due to kinetic fractionation at low temperature. In both cases, these changes are associated with the loss of original information regarding the source. Then, we look at the same relationships in precipitation samples collected over 1 year at Dome C and Vostok, as well as in surface snow at Dome C. We note that the slope of the δ18O vs. temperature (T) relationship decreases in these samples compared to those from the traverses, and thus caution is

  5. Linking particle and pore-size distribution parameters to soil gas transport properties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arthur, Emmanuel; Møldrup, Per; Schjønning, Per

    2012-01-01

    Accurate estimation of soil gas diffusivity (Dp/Do, the ratio of gas diffusion coefficients in soil and free air) and air permeability (ka) from basic texture and pore characteristics will be highly valuable for modeling soil gas transport and emission and their field-scale variations. From...... the topsoil of two Danish arable fields representing two natural clay gradients, Dp/Do and ka were measured at soil water matric potentials between −1 and −100 kPa on undisturbed soil cores. The Rosin–Rammler particle size distribution parameters α and β (characteristic particle size and degree of sorting......) of air-filled porosity (εa). The PLF tortuosity–connectivity factors (X*) for Dp/Do and ka were both highly correlated with all basic soil characteristics, in the order of volumetric clay content = Campbell b > gravimetric clay content > α > β. The PLF water blockage factors (H) for Dp/Do and ka were...

  6. Effects of supplementing rare earth element cerium on rumen fermentation, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen balance and plasma biochemical parameters in beef cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, S X; Wei, C; Zhao, G Y; Zhang, T T; Yang, K

    2015-12-01

    The objectives of the trial were to investigate the effects of supplementing rare earth element (REE) cerium (Ce) on rumen fermentation, nutrient digestibility, methane (CH4 ) production, nitrogen (N) balance and plasma biochemical parameters in beef cattle. Four Simmental male cattle, aged at 14 months, with initial liveweight of 355 ± 8 kg and fitted with permanent rumen cannulas, were used as experimental animals. The cattle were fed with a total mixed ration (TMR) composed of concentrate mixture and corn silage. Four levels of cerium chloride (CeCl3 ·7H2 O, purity 99.9%), that is 0, 80, 160 and 240 mg CeCl3 /kg DM, were added to basal ration in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Each experimental period lasted 15 days, of which the first 12 days were for pre-treatment and the last 3 days were for sampling. The results showed that supplementing CeCl3 at 160 or 240 mg/kg DM increased neutral detergent fibre (NDF) digestibility (p cattle increased the digestibility of NDF, decreased the molar ratio of rumen acetate to propionate, increased N retention and microbial N flow and decreased CH4 /kg DMI.

  7. 牡蛎涂膜冻藏过程中生化指标的变化%Changes of Biochemical Parameters of Coating Oyster During Frozen Storage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张观科; 刘红英; 齐凤生

    2013-01-01

    Researching on Oyster . Oyster was storage with coating under the conditions in frozen environment, to explore its changes of pH,TBA,FFA,TVBN and Ca2+-ATPase during the processing. The results showed that: the storage method of biological preservative-coating is obviously better than the general group. By researching on changes of biochemical parameters during frozen Oyster storage, provide reference norms for frozen Oyster storage, long-transportation and sales.%  以牡蛎为研究对象,在冷冻条件下,采用涂膜技术进行保鲜贮藏试验,探讨其在此过程中pH、硫代巴比妥酸(TBA)、游离脂肪酸(FFA)、总挥发性盐基氮(TVBN)、Ca2+-ATPase值等生化指标的变化。结果表明,使用生物保鲜剂结合涂膜技术的复合保鲜效果明显好于空白处理,通过研究牡蛎生化指标的变化规律,为牡蛎冷冻保藏,长距离运输及销售等提供参考。

  8. Effects of Prepartum Dietary Energy Level and Nicotinic Acid Supplementation on Immunological, Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Periparturient Dairy Cows Differing in Parity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reka Tienken

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The periparturient period is critical according to health, productivity and profitability. As this period is fundamental for the success of the lactation period, the interest in improving periparturient health by dietary supplements increased in recent years. The present study investigated the effects of feeding nicotinic acid (NA combined with varying dietary energy densities on immunological, hematological and biochemical parameters of periparturient cows differing in parity. Thirty-six multiparous and 20 primiparous dairy cows were enrolled in the study 42 days before expected parturition date until 100 days postpartum with the half of the cows being supplemented with 24 g of NA/d. After parturition a diet with 30% concentrate was fed to all cows which was followed by different concentrate escalation strategies. Dietary NA supplementation was ceased on day 24 postpartum. Dietary NA increased (P = 0.010 serum nicotinamide concentrations (mean of 3.35 ± 1.65 µg/mL, whereas NA could not be detected. Present data emphasize that periparturient cows are faced with major physiological challenges and that both parity-groups have different prerequisites to adapt to those changes irrespective of NA supplementation. The overfeeding of energy to cows which were similar in body condition score had only minor effects on periparturient immune system function and the metabolism of those cows.

  9. Blood haematological and biochemical parameters in normal cycling, pregnant and repeat breeding buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) maintained in isothermic and isonutritional conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anthony Sabasthin; Venkataswamy Girish Kumar; Sumanta Nandi

    2012-01-01

    Objective:The present study was envisaged to examine the hematological and biochemical, parameters in three different groups of buffaloes (regularly cycling, pregnant and repeat breeding) maintained in isothermic and isonutritional conditions to establish the variations in blood and/or serum components in these groups.Methods:Blood samples were analyzed for hemoglobin, PCV, TLC, neutophil, lymphocyte, eosinophil, and monocyte count, glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, urea and cholesterol.Results:The results revealed significantly lower haemoglobin and packed cell volume value in repeat breeding when compared to pregnant and regularly cycling animals. The WBC value significantly higher in repeat breeding when compared to regularly cycling animals. The average mean values of neutrophils, lymphocyte and eosinophils revealed a no significant difference in the neutrophils, lymphocyte and eosinophils in between the group. The mean values of monocytes revealed a significantly higher value in repeat breeding animals when compared to pregnant animals. The serum glucose, total protein, cholesterol and urea levels were significantly lower in repeat breeding compared to pregnant and regularly cycling animals. The levels of albumin and globulin revealed non-significant difference among the groups.Conclusions: A significant decrease in the hemoglobin, PCV, glucose, total protein, cholesterol and urea was observed in the repeat breeding animals when compared to pregnant and regularly cycling animals.

  10. Selected biochemical and oxidative stress parameters and ceruloplasmin as acute phase protein associated with bovine leukaemia virus infection in dairy cows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akalın Pınar Peker

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the ceruloplasmin (Cp and vitamin C concentrations, the total antioxidant status (TAS, and selected biochemical parameters in dairy cows spontaneously infected with bovine leukaemia virus (BLV. Of the 27 cows included in the study, 18 animals were seropositive for enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL, whereas nine cows were seronegative and were used as controls. The serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST (P = 0.003 and Cp concentrations (P = 0.03 decreased (65.17 ± 5.03 and 7.70 ± 0.72 respectively in BLV-infected cows, as compared to healthy animals (100.67 ± 11.50 and 10.40 ± 0.70 respectively. A slight insignificant increase in alkaline phosphatase activity and unchanged levels of alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, calcium, magnesium, and TAS were demonstrated in EBL cows. As the TAS and vitamin C levels remained unchanged in EBL cows, it may be suggested that ruminants may compensate for the impaired oxidative/antioxidative balance. The results obtained also indicate that BLV may suppress AST and Cp synthesis or secretion in the liver through an unknown mechanism. The mechanism of action of BLV in hepatocytes, especially on AST and Cp, requires further investigation to elucidate the immune suppression caused by oncogenic retroviruses.

  11. Effects of aqueous and ethanol extract of dried leaves of Pseudocalymma alliaceum (Bignonaceae) on haematological and biochemical parameters of wistar rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Carlos Granados-Echegoyen; Rafael Prez-Pacheco; Alfonso Alexander-Aguilera; Luicita Lagunez-Rivera; Nancy Alonso-Hernndez

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To perform the toxicological evaluation of aqueous and ethanol extract of dried leaves of Pseudocalymma alliaceum (P. alliaceum) in male Wistar rats by oral administration for 14 days, and to determine the biochemical and haematological status of blood. Methods: The animals were completely randomized into four groups of three rats each. Results: No deaths were reported after oral administration of the extracts, no physical signs of toxicity or adverse effects were observed. Hematological indices of red blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular hemoglobin showed no significant abnormality; however, white series levels decrease presenting a leukopenia. Glucose, creatinine and albumin increased, while urea decreased; aspartate aminotransferase values decreased with the aqueous extract at 50 and 100 mg/kg and increased with dose of 200 mg/kg, in contrast ethanol extract caused an increase in this parameter to the doses used. The alanine aminotransferase decreased with aqueous extract and increased with ethanol extract. Triglycerides decreased when used aqueous extract and reduced with ethanol extract at 100 and 200 mg/kg, in contrast to 50 mg/kg decreased to be compared with control group. Conclusion: The daily intake of P. alliaceum did not produce acute toxicity to 50 mg/kg which may be interpreted as toxic signs or biological damage, but liver and renal function changes at dosages of 100 and 200 mg/kg; however, the reduction ability of white blood cells count could be used as a basis for specific studies on the treatment of patients with leukemia.

  12. Monitoring the effects of exposure to lead and cadmium in working and living environment through standard biochemical blood parameters and liver endonucleases activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Ružica S.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Heavy metals as pollutants in the working and living environment are a serious health and environmental problem because they are toxic, non-biodegradable, accumulate in living systems and have a long half-life in soil. Sources of lead contamination are combustion products in the chemical industry and metallurgy, industrial waste water, landfills, traffic etc. Lead enters into the body via the food chain and drinking water. In the body lead is deposited in the liver, kidneys, brain and mineral tissues. Excretion of lead causes damage to the epithelial cells of certain organs. High level exposure to cadmium is usually the result of environmental pollution by human activities. Exposure to cadmium can lead to acute and chronic tissue damage of various organs, including liver and kidneys in humans and in animals. In this paper we analyzed the effects of lead and cadmium exposure, in working and living environment, on the model system of experimental animals, particularly the activity of certain liver enzymes, acid and alkaline DNase, and standard biochemical blood parameters. The study showed that lead and cadmium significantly affect the protein content, red blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit, and the activity of liver enzymes. This harmful effect of this toxic metal can be reduced by the supplements.

  13. Effect of vitamins, probiotics and protein level on semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical parameters of post-moult male broiler breeders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, R U; Rahman, Z U; Javed, I; Muhammad, F

    2013-01-01

    1. A study was designed to investigate the comparative effect of supplementary vitamin E, vitamin C, probiotics and dietary crude protein concentration on semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical parameters in male broiler breeders after Zn-induced moulting. 2. A total of 180 male broiler breeders were induced to moult at 65 weeks of age by mixing ZnO in diet at the rate 3000 mg/kg of feed. After moulting, the males were divided into six groups that were given feed supplemented with: vitamin C (500 IU/kg), vitamin E (100 IU/kg), protein (140 g CP/kg), probiotics (50 mg/kg) and the combination of these components, while one group was kept as a control. Semen samples were collected weekly and semen volume, spermatozoa concentration, motility and dead spermatozoa percentage were determined. Seminal plasma was separated to determine the concentration of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), homocysteine, paraoxonase (PON1), arylesterase, ceruloplasmin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities. 3. Semen volume was significantly higher in the vitamin E and C groups compared to the control. Spermatozoa motility was higher in the vitamin E group and dead spermatozoa percentage was significantly lower in the vitamin C group compared with the control group. 4. Seminal plasma TAC was higher in the vitamin E group, homocysteine was lower in the vitamin C and E groups. PON1 was higher in the combination group. Arylesterase increased significantly in the vitamin C and combination groups over time. Seminal plasma AST was significantly lower in the vitamin C and E supplemented groups whereas ALT decreased significantly only in the vitamin E group compared with the control. Higher concentrations of ceruloplasmin were observed in the combination group compared with the other treatments. 5. It was concluded that additional vitamin E and C or their combination was the most potent nutrient treatment for improving the semen traits and

  14. Effects of PCSK1 genetic variants on obesity among Thai children and their family members: in relation to health risk, and biochemical and anthropometric parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulanuwat, Sirikul; Phonrat, Benjaluck; Tungtrongchitr, Anchalee; Limwongse, Chanin; Chongviriyaphan, Nalinee; Tungtrongchitr, Rungsunn; Santiprabhob, Jeerunda

    2014-01-01

    Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PCSK1, namely, rs6234, rs6235, and rs271939 have been linked to obesity in European population; and rs3811951 has also been connected to type 2 diabetes and obesity parameters in Chinese population. In this family-based case-control study, we analyzed links between PCSK1 genetic variants and obesity in Thai children and their families. Eleven obese children with a percent weight for height > or = 140 who had family history of obesity and 69 family members were recruited. SNPs rs6234, rs6235, rs3811951, and rs271939 of PCSK1 were analyzed using PCR and gene sequencing methods. DNA of 200 normal weight subjects was used as control. Participants with variant genotypes in the rs6234-6235 pair are at significantly more risk of being obese [OR = 2.44 (1.35-4.43), p = 0.003], and also at increased risk of being severely obese (obese class III) [OR = 3.03 (1.20-7.66), p = 0.015]. Variant rs3811951 showed no association with being obese, but is significantly linked to an increased risk of being severely obese [OR = 3.59 (1.42-9.08) p = 0.005]. Moreover, high density lipoprotein (HDL)-C levels between normal and variant rs3811951 group differed considerably, with patients with variant genotype having a lower HDL-C level (p = 0.037). Thus, Thais carrying SNPs rs6234-5 are at increased risk of being obese, and the risk of severe obesity increases when carrying both rs6234-5 and rs3811951, but not with rs271939. Furthermore, patients with genetic variations at rs3811951 are at risk of having low HDL-C levels.

  15. Gamma radiation in some microbiological and biochemical parameters of ethanolic fermentation.; Efeito da radiacao gama em alguns parametros microbiologicos e bioquimicos da fermentacao alcoolica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alcarde, Andre Ricardo

    2000-07-01

    The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of gamma radiation in reducing the bacterial population of the sugar cane must and verify its influence in the ethanolic fermentation. For this purpose, some microbiological and biochemical parameters of the ethanolic fermentation were analyzed, such as bacterial count; viability, replication and living replicates of the yeast; p H, acidity (total and volatile), glycerol and production of organic acids (acetic, lactic and succinic) during the fermentation; and fermentative yield. Bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Lactobacillus are the most common contaminants of the ethanolic fermentation and they might cause a decrease in the fermentative yield. The ionizing radiations may affect the microorganisms altering the DNA of the cells, which lose the ability to reproduce themselves and die. The experimental design was in randomized blocks (three) with one replicate in each block. The must was sugar-cane juice with approximately 5% of total reducing sugar. Bacteria of the following species were tested: Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus coagulans, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus fermentum. The experiments were the inoculation of each bacteria separately in the must, the inoculation of the mixture of the four bacteria in the must and the use of natural sugar-cane juice with its own contaminating microorganisms. The contaminated must was irradiated with the doses of 0.0 (control), 2.0,4.0, 6.0, 8.0 and 10.0 kGy of gamma radiation (60-Cobalt) at an average rate of 2.0 kGy/h. After the irradiation, the fermentation of the must was carried out using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Fleischmann). It was also accomplished an experiment with the inoculation of the mixture of the four bacteria in the must and, instead of using gamma radiation to decontaminate the must, it was used the antimicrobial Kamoran ID in the concentration of 3 ppm. The effects of the irradiation of the must were: reduction of the bacterial

  16. Long-term effects of oral tea polyphenols and Lactobacillus brevis M8 on biochemical parameters, digestive enzymes, and cytokines expression in broilers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua-li LI; Zong-jun LI; Zhong-shan WEI; Ting LIU; Xiao-zuo ZOU; Yong LIAO; Yu LUO

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the long-term effects of oral tea polyphenols (TPs) and Lactobacillus brevis M8 (LB) on biochemical parameters, digestive enzymes, and cytokines expression in broilers. In experiment 1, 240 broiler chickens were selected to investigate the effects of 0.06 g/kg body weight (BW) TP and 1.0 ml/kg BW LB on broilers;in experiment 2, 180 broiler chickens were assigned randomly to three groups to investigate the effects of different dosages of TP (0.03, 0.06, and 0.09 g/kg BW) combined with 1.0 ml/kg BW LB on broilers;in experiment 3, 180 broiler chickens were assigned randomly to three groups to investigate the effects of different dosages of LB (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 ml/kg BW) combined with 0.06 g/kg BW TP on broilers. The results showed that TP and LB affected serum bio-chemical parameters, and TP reduced serum cholesterol (CHO) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) abundances in a dosage-dependent manner (P  目的:茶多酚和乳酸菌在动物营养上的作用已经得到广泛的验证,但是关于二者联合作用的研究鲜有报道。本文采用肉鸡作为试验模型,研究了茶多酚和乳酸菌联合灌喂对肉鸡血液生化、消化酶以及肠道细胞因子表达的影响。  创新点:本研究首次采用联合灌喂茶多酚和乳酸菌,探讨了二者联合作用对肉鸡的影响,并通过模拟生产,长期观察了茶多酚和乳酸菌对肉鸡的影响。  方法:对肉仔鸡灌喂不同浓度的茶多酚和乳酸菌,在第56和84天随机屠宰取样。收集血液检查血液生化指标,并测定消化酶活性。取肠道样品提取RNA,采用反转录聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)检测细胞因子的表达以及相关信号通路的激活。  结论:长期灌喂茶多酚和乳酸菌改善了肉鸡脂质代谢、消化酶活性以及炎症反应,其机制可能是通过影响了NF-κB信号通路。

  17. Effect of non-phytate phosphorus levels and phytase sources on the growth performance, serum biochemical and tibial parameters of broiler chickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xian R. Jiang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A 3×3 fattorial arrangement with dietary non-phytate phosphorus (NPP levels and phytase sources (3- and 6-phytase was conducted to evaluate the effects of NPP levels, phytase sources and their possible interactions on growth performance, serum biochemical and tibia parameters of broiler chickens from hatch to 42 days of age. A total of 540 1-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks were randomly allocated into nine dietary treatments, each containing 5 replicates pens with 12 birds per pen. Interaction was statistically significant in the performance till day 21 of trial, supplementation of low NPP diet decreased body weight (BW (P<0.001, depressed average daily gain (ADG (P<0.001 and deteriorated average daily feed intake (ADFI (P<0.001 over day 42. During the 8-to-21-day period, even if interaction between NPP levels and phytase sources was significant (P<0.01, BW, ADG and ADFI always increased due to dietary supplementation of phytase, with source not differing. Dietary high NPP enhanced serum calcium and P concentrations on day 21 and 42 (linear contrast, P<0.01, while decreased alkaline phosphatase (AKP activity on day 42 (linear contrast, P<0.001, and interaction was not significant. Both dietary sources of phytase decreased serum AKP activities on day 42 (P<0.001, and urea nitrogen content on day 21 (P<0.01 and 42 (P<0.001. Both phytase improved ash percentage on day 21 and P content in tibia at 21 and 42 days of age (P<0.001. The results confirmed that dietary supplementation of phytase may enhance P availability during the 8-to-21-day period. Nevertheless, no difference between the two phytase sources was observed.

  18. Does Salicylic Acid (SA) Improve Tolerance to Salt Stress in Plants? A Study of SA Effects On Tomato Plant Growth, Water Dynamics, Photosynthesis, and Biochemical Parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mimouni, Hajer; Wasti, Salma; Manaa, Arafet; Gharbi, Emna; Chalh, Abdellah; Vandoorne, Bertrand; Lutts, Stanley; Ben Ahmed, Hela

    2016-03-01

    Environmental stresses such as salinity directly impact crop growth, and by extension, world food supply and societal prosperity. It is estimated that over 800 million hectares of land throughout the world are salt-affected. In arid and semi-arid regions, salt concentration can be close to that in the seawater. Hence, there are intensive efforts to improve plant tolerance to salinity and other environmental stressors. Salicylic acid (SA) is an important signal molecule for modulating plant responses to stress. In the present study, we examined, on multiple plant growth related endpoints, whether SA applied through the rooting medium could mitigate the adverse effects of salinity on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Marmande. The latter is a hitherto understudied tomato plant from the above perspective; it is a classic variety that produces the large ribbed tomatoes in the Mediterranean and consumed worldwide. We found salt stress negatively affected the growth of cv. Marmande tomato plants. However, the SA-treated plants had greater shoot and root dry mass, leaf area compared to untreated plants when exposed to salt stress. Application of SA restores photosynthetic rates and photosynthetic pigment levels under salt (NaCl) exposure. Leaf water, osmotic potential, stomatal conductance transpiration rate, and biochemical parameters were also ameliorated in SA-treated plants under saline stress conditions. Overall, these data illustrate that SA increases cv. Marmande tomato growth by improving photosynthesis, regulation and balance of osmotic potential, induction of compatible osmolyte metabolism, and alleviating membrane damage. We suggest salicylic acid might be considered as a potential growth regulator to improve tomato plant salinity stress resistance, in the current era of global climate change.

  19. Selected haematological and biochemical parameters of blood in rats after subchronic administration of vanadium and/or magnesium in drinking water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scibior, Agnieszka; Zaporowska, Halina; Ostrowski, Jarosław

    2006-08-01

    The purpose of these studies was to evaluate the effect of selected vanadium and magnesium doses on certain haematological and biochemical blood parameters in rats. Outbred 2-month-old, albino male Wistar rats received for a period of 6 weeks, as a sole drinking liquid, the following water solutions: group II, sodium metavanadate (SMV) at a concentration of 0.125 mg V/mL; group III, magnesium sulphate (MS) at a concentration of 0.06 mg Mg/mL; and group IV, SMV-MS solution at the same concentrations. The control group received at this time deionized water to drink. It was calculated that group II ingested with drinking water about 10.7 mg V/kg b. w./24 h, group III 6 mg Mg/kg b. w./24 h, and group IV about 9 mg V and 4.5 mg Mg/kg b. w./24 h. The exposure to vanadium alone (group II) led to a statistically significant decrease in body weight gain, food and fluid intakes. Moreover, in the same group of rats a statistically significant decrease in the RBC count, Hb concentration, MCV, and MCH values was demonstrated. Additionally, a statistically significant decrease in the plasma L-ascorbic acid concentration and a significant increase in MDA concentration in blood in this group were found. Instead, after the administration of magnesium alone (group III), a statistically significant decrease in the fluid intake and in the L-ascorbic acid concentration in plasma was noted. Furthermore, in the same group of rats a statistically significant increase in Hb level and in the plasma magnesium concentration was demonstrated. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) did not reveal the interactions between V and Mg.

  20. Amelioration of cadmium-induced changes in biochemical parameters of the muscle of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio by Vitamin C and Chitosan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Banaee

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of administering antioxidants, including vitamin C and chitosan on oxidative stress markers in muscle as edible tissues of Cyprinus carpio exposed to cadmium chloride. In this experiment, by exposing to 0.2 mg/L cadmium chloride for 21 days, fish were fed a normal diet, diet containing chitosan (1000 mg/kg diet, vitamin C (1000 mg/kg diet or both vitamin C and chitosan. Oxidative stress markers, including the activity of catalase, total antioxidant and malondialdehyde (MDA as well as biochemical parameters, including the activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AST, alanine aminotransferase (ALT, creatine phosphokinase (CPK, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE were measured. Fish exposure to cadmium chloride significantly increased AST, LDH, CPK, catalase, and MDA activity, while it significantly decreased AST and AChE activity, and levels of total antioxidant in muscle cells. Administration of chitosan or vitamin C alone or in combination with each other to fish exposed to cadmium chloride was effective in regulating ALT, CPK, and catalase activity. Although administration of vitamin C and chitosan caused a significant decrease in MDA, AST and LDH, these enzymes were still significantly higher than those in the control group. Administration of vitamin C and chitosan had no significant effects on the activity of AChE and levels of total antioxidant. Although, chitosan alone could not prevent oxidative stress damages in muscle tissues of cadmium-treated fish, administration of vitamin C combined with chitosan may increase the efficiency of antioxidant defense system and improve the detoxification system in the muscles of fish exposed to cadmium chloride.

  1. Effects of Dietary L-carnitine Supplementation on Growth Performance, Organ Weight, Biochemical Parameters and Ascites Susceptibility in Broilers Reared Under Low-temperature Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y W; Ning, D; Peng, Y Z; Guo, Y M

    2013-02-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of L-carnitine on growth performance, organ weight, biochemical parameters of blood, heart and liver, and ascites susceptibility of broilers at different ages reared under a low-temperature environment. A total of 420 1-d-old male Ross 308 broilers were randomly assigned to two dietary treatments with fifteen replicates of fourteen broilers each. Treatment diets consisted of L-carnitine supplementation at levels of 0 and 100 mg/kg. At 11-d of age, low temperature stress was used to increase ascites susceptibility. Blood, heart and liver samples were collected at different ages for analysis of boichemical parameters. The results showed that, there was no significant difference in growth performance with L-carnitine supplementation, but the mortality due to ascites was significantly decreased. Dietary L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced heart index (HI) and ascites heart index (AHI) on d 21, lung index (LUI) on d 35 and liver index (LI) on d 42. The broilers fed diets containing L-carnitine had significantly lower red blood cell counts (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB) concentration and hematocrit (HCT) on d 42. Dietary L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) content of heart tissue on d 21 and 35, and significantly increased total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity of the heart on d 21 and 42. L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced serum triglyceride (TG) content on d 28 and 35 and serum glucose (GLU) on d 35 and 42, and significantly increased serum total protein (TP) and globulin (GLO) content on d 42. L-carnitine supplementation significantly enhanced liver succinodehydrogenase (SDH), malic dehydrogenase (MDH) and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity on d 28, and tended to reduce the lactic acid (LD) level of liver on d 35 (p = 0.06). L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced serum uric acid (UA) content on d 28, 35 and 42

  2. A hepcidina como parâmetro bioquímico na avaliação da anemia por deficiência de ferro Hepcidin as a biochemical parameter for the assessment of iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea dos Reis Lemos

    2010-01-01

    parameter for assessment of iron deficiency anemia is reported in this review. A literature review was carried out in the databases PubMed and LILACS, between 2006-2010, assessing hepcidin as a parameter for the regulation of iron metabolism. During this period 35 studies were published in international journals and one study in a Brazilian journal. The production of hepcidin is homeostatically regulated by anemia and hypoxia. When oxygen supply is inadequate the level of hepcidin decreases. Therefore, more iron from the diet and from the stock of macrophages and hepatocytes becomes available. Hepcidin links to ferroportin, regulating iron release to plasma. When the hepcidin concentrations are low, the molecules of ferroportin are exposed on the plasmatic membrane and release iron. When hepcidin levels increase, hepcidin binds to molecules of ferroportin inducing its internalization and degradation and iron release gradually decreases. Apparently, development of diagnosis and therapy for anemia based on the parameter hepcidin may provide a more effective approach. Large-studies are needed to demonstrate the importance of hepcidin for the differential diagnosis of anemia, including sample protocols for analysis, with standards similar to those used in other biochemical evaluations, as well as the definition of cut-off points for the plasma and urinary expression of this peptide.

  3. Effects of pollution on lead and cadmium concentration and correlation with biochemical parameters in blood of human population nearby Kosovo thermo power plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Zeneli

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes an investigation of lead and cadmium pollution of Kosovo environment as a result of outflow from the coal processing industry. In a comparative study of lead and cadmium concentration in blood of human population of two different environments in Kosovo, one nearby Kosovo Thermo Power Plants, (Obiliq a highly polluted environment and the other that is considered as relatively clean rural environment (Dragash. Analysis has shown that emission of particulate in fly ash from Thermo Power Plants during 2005 has exceeded EU standards by 400-500% and that lead concentration was 18mg kg-1 and cadmium concentration was -1 of ash. A series of determinations of lead and cadmium concentrations in blood of population that lives in this environment, have shown direct effects in biochemical parameters CRE (Creatinin, DB (Direct Bilirubine, TB (Total Bilirubine, AST (Aspartat Aminotransferaza, CK (Creatin Kinaza and CHE (Cholenisteraza in human organism. The results that were achieved in this study showed a significant difference in average lead and cadmium concentration in the blood of the investigated group of peoples that lives in the area near by the Power Plants, from a control group that lives in a rural unpolluted environment. Lead and cadmium has been analyzed in 50 samples taken from persons from industrial zone and 25 samples in controlled group. The level of lead concentration was 23.0-112.1 µg L-1in geometric average 46.05 µg L-1, cadmium concentration was 0.44-6.02 µg L-1 in geometric average of 1.56µg L-1. Controlled group from the rural relatively clean environment showed lead concentration of 6.7-33.8 µg L-1 in geometric avarage 17.76 µg L-1 and cadmium concentration of 0.21-1.8 µg L-1 or in geometric average of 0.73 µg L-1. In conclusion in exposed subjects, pollution from coal burning in Power Plant is very important factor for level of lead and cadmium concentration in blood of tested population.

  4. Ethanol extract of mango (Mangifera indica L.) peel inhibits α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities, and ameliorates diabetes related biochemical parameters in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats

    OpenAIRE

    Gondi, Mahendranath; U. J. S. Prasada Rao

    2015-01-01

    Peel is a major by-product during processing of mango fruit into pulp. Recent report indicates that the whole peel powder ameliorated diabetes. In the present study, ethanolic extract of mango peel was analysed for its bioactive compounds, evaluated for α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory properties, oral glucose tolerance test, antioxidant properties, plasma insulin level and biochemical parameters related to diabetes. In addition to gallic and protocatechuic acids, the extract also had c...

  5. Associations between annual and seasonal variations in body mass and reproductive success and blood biochemical parameters in semi-domesticated reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid H. Holmøy

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the study was to follow reproductive performance and blood biochemical parameters associated with fat and carbohydrate metabolism in a herd of free-ranging, semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus over a two-year period, with extreme between-year variation in forage availability. The effects of climatic factors on reindeer reproductive performance were investigated by analysing whether time of onset of luteal function in autumn and calf survival were associated with changes in body mass and weather conditions, such as snow depth, precipitation, and temperature. Considerable between-year variation in the onset of luteal activity was found. In 1997, 4.2% of the female reindeer were either cycling or pregnant in the second week of October, whilst in 1998, in the same week, 100% were cycling or pregnant. Although energy balance was important for timing of the onset of luteal activity, delayed conception had no apparent effect on calf survival. The results indicated that maternal body mass (BM in spring was of primary importance for calf survival, and the productivity of the herd. Since climatic factors influence the availability of forage, and hence female BM, it also has an indirect impact on calf survival. Females with low BM demonstrated greater seasonal variation in BM than heavier females. Plasma concentrations of free fatty acids and β-hydroxy butyric acid responded to changes in forage availability, but the initial condition of the reindeer and their fat reserves also seemed to have a major influence on these parameters.Abstract in Norwegian / Sammendrag:Sammenheng mellom års- og sesongvariasjon i kroppsvekt og henholdsvis reproduksjonssuksess og biokjemiske blodparametre hos tamreinHovedformålet med studien var å følge reproduksjonen og blodparametre knyttet til fett og karbohydratmetabolismen hos en tamreinflokk (Rangifer tarandus tarandus gjennom en toårs periode med stor årlig variasjon i n

  6. POLYMORPHISM AT THE ADH AND ALPHA-GPDH LOCI IN DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER - EFFECTS OF REARING TEMPERATURE ON DEVELOPMENTAL RATE, BODY-WEIGHT, AND SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    OUDMAN, L; VANDELDEN, W; KAMPING, A; BIJLSMA, R

    1991-01-01

    The role of developmental time in the world-wide cline of Adh and alpha-Gpdh allele frequencies of Drosophila melanogaster, and the relationship with weight and some biochemical characters, were investigated. Experimental strains were constructed with different combinations of Adh and alpha-Gpdh all

  7. Comparing equivalent thermal, high pressure and pulsed electric field processes for mild pasteurization of orange juice: Part II: Impact on specific chemical and biochemical quality parameters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervoort, L.; Plancken, van der I.; Grauwet, T.; Timmermans, R.A.H.; Mastwijk, H.C.; Matser, A.M.; Hendrickx, M.E.; Loey, van A.

    2011-01-01

    The impact of thermal, high pressure (HP) and pulsed electric field (PEF) processing for mild pasteurization of orange juice was compared on a fair basis, using processing conditions leading to an equivalent degree of microbial inactivation. Examining the effect on specific chemical and biochemical

  8. Determination of Kinetic Parameters and Metal Ions in Urea-Urease System Based on the Biochemical Reaction Heat Induced Laser Beam Deflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A new analytical method for the determination of urea-urease system based on biochemical reaction heat induced laser beam deflection is presented in this paper. With the method, the Michaelis constant (Km) of urease and apparent inhibition constant (Ki) of some metal ion inhibitors were measured respectively. This method was also used for the quantitative determination of metal ions with satisfactory result.

  9. Environmental parameters linked to the last migratory stage of barnacle geese en route to their breeding sites

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shariati Najafabadi, Mitra; Darvishzadeh, Roshanak; Skidmore, A.K.; Kölzsch, A.; Exo, K-M.; Nolet, B.A.; Griffin, L.; Stahl, J.; Havinga, Paul J.M.; Meratnia, Nirvana; Toxopeus, A.G.

    2016-01-01

    The migration timing of birds can be controlled by endogenous parameters. However, little is known about how environmental parameters influence the timing of migration and which have the greatest influence at different stages of migration. In this study we identified the main environmental parameter

  10. Biochemical parameters of Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) treated with citronella oil (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt ex Bor) and its influence on reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Cristiane Thalita Dos Santos; Wanderley-Teixeira, Valéria; Cunha, Franklin Magliano da; Oliveira, José Vargas de; Dutra, Kamilla de Andrade; Navarro, Daniela Maria do Amaral Ferraz; Teixeira, Álvaro Aguiar Coelho

    2016-05-01

    Spodoptera frugiperda is the principal corn pest in Brazil. Searches for new control methods that minimize the adverse effects of synthetic insecticides have initiated a resurgence of the use of botanical insecticides. Citronella oil (a product of Cymbopogon winterianus) is an effective repellent and insecticide. Thus, biochemical profile changes in oil-treated larvae and its influence on reproduction were assessed. Corn leaves dipped in a 50mg/mL concentration were offered to third instar larvae for 24h and assessed in sixth instar to estimate protein, lipid, sugar, and glycogen levels. Adult testes and ovarioles were collected for histological and histochemical analysis 24h after emergence. Number of eggs and hatching rate were also measured. Oil-treated larvae showed an increase in glycogen and a decrease in protein, lipid, and totals sugar content. Control testes exhibited connective tissue lining and cysts with abundant spermatozoids. However, intense peripheral vacuolation and neutral carbohydrates reduction occurred in oil-treated individuals. Control ovarioles showed normal morphologic characteristics. On the other hand, oil-treatment ovarioles showed follicular cell stratification and removal, reduced nurse cell development, reduced yolk quantity, a thinner conjunctiva sheath, and a reduction in proteins and neutral carbohydrates. Eggs derived from oil-treated pairs were unviable. Therefore, sub-lethal doses of citronella oil alters the biochemical profile of S. frugiperda larvae, causing damage to their reproductive histophysiology and results in diminished reproduction or reproductive failure.

  11. In-vivo study for anti-hyperglycemic potential of aqueous extract of Basil seeds (Ocimum basilicum Linn) and its influence on biochemical parameters, serum electrolytes and haematological indices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, Sachin; Semwal, Amit; Kumar, Hitesh; Verma, Harish Chandra; Kumar, Amit

    2016-12-01

    The study introduced anti-hyperglycemic influence of aqueous extract of Ocimum basilicum seeds (AEOBS) in Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats and estimating its potential to ameliorate altered level of biochemical parameters, serum electrolytes level and haematological indices along with its effect on body weight of treated rats. The albino rats were selected to observe oral glucose tolerance test by oral intake of aq. glucose solution (4g/kg, body weight) in normal rats and estimation of blood glucose level after administration of AEOBS at 250mg/kg, 500mg/kg and standard drug glibenclamide at 0.6mg/kg, body weight. Antidiabetic activity was evaluated in chronic study models by STZ induced diabetes in rats followed by blood glucose estimation. Chronic study model was selected to carry out further studies to evaluate the effect of AEOBS at 250mg/kg, 500mg/kg and standard drug on body weight, alterations in biochemical parameters including AST, ALT, ALP, total bilirubin and total protein, alterations in serum electrolytes like Na(+), K(+), Cl(-), HCO3(-) along with estimation of haematological indices like red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), hemoglobin (Hb), lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes and basophils. AEOBS significantly reduced the blood glucose level of diabetic rats at both doses. Body weight was also improved significantly. Similarly, the levels of biochemical parameters, serum electrolytes, and haematological indices were significantly ameliorated at both doses of AEOBS. The histopathological results revealed reconstitution of pancreatic islets towards normal cellular architecture in rats treated with AEOBS. The results illustrated that AEOBS have eminent antidiabetic potential in STZ effectuated diabetes in rats and can be extensively used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus-II and its associated complications including anaemia, diabetic nephropathy, liver dysfunction, and immunosuppression.

  12. [Biochemical parameters of blood and morpho-functional state of the liver of experimental animals by the actions of lead sulfide nanoparticles in different time study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omel'chuk, S T; Aleksiĭchuk, V D; Sokurenko, L M

    2014-01-01

    Biochemical studies revealed that alanine aminotransferase levels changing first during short action (30 injections) of lead sulfide nanoparticles of size 10 and 30 nm, and the ionic form of a 400 nm lead while the growth of both enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase) activity during long-term exposure (60 injections) is the same intensity. It it confirmed by the value of de Ritis coefficient, which is statistically the same as control. Morphological studies also confirm these data--degenerative changes of hepatocytes, reactive changes of the stroma and vascular responses were detected. It is shown that the severity of metabolic and morphological damages in the liver increased with prolonging the duration of lead nanoparticles intake.

  13. Effect of calcium soap of fatty acids supplementation on serum biochemical parameters and ovarian activity during out-of-the-breeding season in crossbred ewes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Nour, Hayat H M; Nasr, Soad M; Hassan, Walid R

    2012-01-01

    This experiment aimed to evaluate the effect of calcium soap of fatty acid (CSFA) supplementation on serum biochemical and hormones and ovarian activity during out-of-the-breeding season in ewes. Twelve crossbred ewes, 2-3 years of age and weighting 45-55 kg, were allocated into two equal groups. The first group was control and the other was treated with 50 g/head of CSFA. All ewes were fed basal diet and treated with 60 mg of medroxy progesterone acetate intravaginal sponge for 12 day. At the third day of sponge removal, the CSFA-treated group was given 50 g/head of CSFA daily for two estrous cycles. During the estrus phase, ovarian activity was detected using ultrasonography in both groups. All ewes were then subjected to natural breeding and conception rate. Blood samples were collected from all ewes during treatment period. Results revealed significant (P breeding season.

  14. THE IN-VIVO EFFECTS OF PARTIALLY PURIFIED SUB-FRACTION (TAF2 OF THE CRUDE METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF EURYCOMA LONGIFOLIA ROOTS ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND HISTOLOGY PARAMETERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narazah Mohd Yusoff et al

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Eurycoma longifolia (E. longifolia Jack has been widely used in traditional medicine for its antimalarial, aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic, antimicrobial, anti-pyretic and anticancer activities. As yet, no study has been done on biosafety of partially purified sub-fraction (TAF2 of the crude methanolic extract of E. longifolia roots. This study aims to evaluate, in vivo, the effects of TAF2 on the haematological, biochemical and histology parameters in nude mice. Male nude mice were treated orally with TAF2 (200 mg/Kg/mouse every other day for 16 days. Untreated mice were used as controls. Blood samples were collected by intra-cardiac puncture and haematological and biochemical parameters were analyzed by using animal blood counter and automated chemistry analyzer, respectively. Hematoxylin-eosin stain (H&E was used to evaluate the histopathology changes. Blood cells morphology was assessed by Wright stain of the thin blood films. The results showed normal blood haematology and clinical chemistry. Histological examination of TAF2 treated vital organs (kidney, liver and spleen of mice showed no apparent change with the dose used. In conclusion, E. longifolia root methanolic extract is safe on short-term exposur.

  15. Effect of acute exposure to nonylphenol on biochemical, hormonal, and hematological parameters and muscle tissues residues of Nile tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hager Tarek H. Ismail

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study is aimed to evaluate some biochemical, hormonal, hematological, and histopathological changes in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, after acute exposure to nonylphenol (NP. In addition to detection of NP residues in the fish, muscle tissues for human health concern. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 apparently healthy Nile tilapia, O. niloticus, were randomly divided into three equal groups; each containing 30 fish (three replicates. Groups 1 and 2 kept as a control and solvent control (acetone, respectively, and Group 3 exposed to NP at a dose level of 500 μg/L water for 7 successive days. Blood and tissue samples were collected 2 times randomly from each group after 7 days from fish exposure to NP and 10 days from exposure stopping. Results: Fish exposed to NP Group 3 showed anorexia, sluggish movement, erythema of the skin, areas of scales loss, and hemorrhagic ulcers in some areas of body region leading to exposing the viscera. Biochemical results revealed a significant increase in serum total proteins and globulins levels, a highly significant increase in serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities, triglycerides, cholesterol, and creatinine levels, insignificant increase in serum uric acid level, and a highly significant decrease in serum testosterone and estradiol-β17 levels in Group 3 in compare with the control group. Histopathological finding confirms these results. While hematological results of the same group revealed a significant increase in red blood cells count and packed cell volume value, insignificant increase in hemoglobin concentration, leukopenia, lymphopenia, and monocytopenia in compared with the control group. All of these changes appeared after 7 days from fish exposure to NP. Most of these alterations returned toward the normal level after 10 days from stopping exposure to NP. NP residues detected in fish muscle tissues of Group 3 during exposure and after stopping

  16. Effect of Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum L. on Biochemical Parameters and Immunity of Broiler Chicks Fed Aflatoxin B1 after Three Weeks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maliheh Amiri Dumari

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of milk thistle seeds (MTSs in counteracting the toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 in a contaminated diet fed to broilers. Methods: Two dietary inclusion rates of AFB1 (0, 0.250 and 500 ppb and MTS (0, 0.5 and 1% were tested in a 3×3 factorial manner. The effect of nine experimental treatments was assessed using 216 one-d-old Ross 308 male broiler chicks in a randomized complete design with 4 replicates of 6 birds each from one to 21 days of age. The effects of dietary AFB1 and MTS on serum biochemistry factors, antibody titer against Newcastle disease (ND and influenza disease (ID in broilers were evaluated at the end of this period. Results: Statistical analysis of the main effects of diets indicated no significant changes in uric acid, cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL, ID, and phosphorus compared to the control (P>0.01. Also, addition of 500 ppb of dietary AFB1 into the diet was associated with significant decreases in serum glucose, calcium, high density lipoprotein (HDL, and ND compared to the control group (P<0.01. The contaminated diet significantly increased the activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST and alanine aminotransferase (ALT (P<0.05. Conclusion: Milk thistle showed protective effects and resulted in some serum enzyme activities and serum biochemical changes associated with aflatoxin toxicity.

  17. Effect of Calcium Soap of Fatty Acids Supplementation on Serum Biochemical Parameters and Ovarian Activity during Out-of-the-Breeding Season in Crossbred Ewes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayat H. M. El-Nour

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This experiment aimed to evaluate the effect of calcium soap of fatty acid (CSFA supplementation on serum biochemical and hormones and ovarian activity during out-of-the-breeding season in ewes. Twelve crossbred ewes, 2-3 years of age and weighting 45–55 kg, were allocated into two equal groups. The first group was control and the other was treated with 50 g/head of CSFA. All ewes were fed basal diet and treated with 60 mg of medroxy progesterone acetate intravaginal sponge for 12 day. At the third day of sponge removal, the CSFA-treated group was given 50 g/head of CSFA daily for two estrous cycles. During the estrus phase, ovarian activity was detected using ultrasonography in both groups. All ewes were then subjected to natural breeding and conception rate. Blood samples were collected from all ewes during treatment period. Results revealed significant (<0.05 increases in serum cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose, and progesterone levels with decrease in calcium and phosphorous levels in treated group. In treated group, normal-size ovaries and more than one follicle on the ovaries were detected and pregnancy rate increased. In conclusion, CSFA supplementation was effective to maintain the reproductive performance when ewes were out of the breeding season.

  18. Effect of food azo dyes tartrazine and carmoisine on biochemical parameters related to renal, hepatic function and oxidative stress biomarkers in young male rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, K A; Abdel Hameid, H; Abd Elsttar, A H

    2010-10-01

    Tartrazine and carmoisine are an organic azo dyes widely used in food products, drugs and cosmetics. The present study conducted to evaluate the toxic effect of these coloring food additives; on renal, hepatic function, lipid profile, blood glucose, body-weight gain and biomarkers of oxidative stress in tissue. Tartrazine and carmoisine were administered orally in two doses, one low and the other high dose for 30 days followed by serum and tissue sample collection for determination of ALT, AST, ALP, urea, creatinine, total protein, albumin, lipid profile, fasting blood glucose in serum and estimation of GSH, catalase, SOD and MDA in liver tissue in male albino rat. Our data showed a significant increase in ALT, AST, ALP, urea, creatinine total protein and albumin in serum of rats dosed with tartrazine and carmoisine compared to control rats and these significant change were more apparent in high doses than low, GSH, SOD and Catalase were decreased and MDA increased in tissue homogenate in rats consumed high tartrazine and both doses of carmoisine. We concluded that tartrazine and carmoisine affect adversely and alter biochemical markers in vital organs e.g. liver and kidney not only at higher doses but also at low doses.

  19. Effect of exposure and withdrawal of 900-MHz-electromagnetic waves on brain, kidney and liver oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters in male rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragy, Merhan Mamdouh

    2015-01-01

    Increasing use of mobile phones in daily life with increasing adverse effects of electromagnetic radiation (EMR), emitted from mobile on some physiological processes, cause many concerns about their effects on human health. Therefore, this work was designed to study the effects of exposure to mobile phone emits 900-MHz EMR on the brain, liver and kidney of male albino rats. Thirty male adult rats were randomly divided into four groups (10 each) as follows: control group (rats without exposure to EMR), exposure group (exposed to 900-MHz EMR for 1 h/d for 60 d) and withdrawal group (exposed to 900-MHz electromagnetic wave for 1 h/d for 60 d then left for 30 d without exposure). EMR emitted from mobile phone led to a significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and significant decrease total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels in brain, liver and kidneys tissues. The sera activity of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), urea, creatinine and corticosterone were significantly increased (p electromagnetic field emitting from mobile phone might produce impairments in some biochemicals changes and oxidative stress in brain, liver and renal tissue of albino rats. These alterations were corrected by withdrawal.

  20. Hepato Protective Efficacy of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Phyllanthus emblica and Their Formulation on Imidacloprid Induced Liver Toxicity by Histopathological and Biochemical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Eugin Amala

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Phyllanthus emblica and their formulations are used as a phytotherapeutic medicine for hepatic diseases. In the present study the effect of methanolic extract of herbal powder was administered against Imidacloprid in Albino Wistar Rats. Single dose of herbal (500 mg/kg/b.w was given orally for 28 days to Imidacloprid toxicity exposed to rats. They were observed each hour and each day for 28 days for any changes in behavioural activity loss of ability to move, cramping, lethargy, muscle weakness, convulsion, irritation of the eye, excess salivation, change in gait. Clinical observations body weight, organ weight, biochemical analysis and histopathological examination were carried out. Administration of Imidacloprid, produced liver degeneration such as cytoplasmic vacuolation, mild vacuolar degeneration, mild hepatic damage in low dose (40 mg/kg b.w and appearance of blood streaks, hepatic damage and severe vacuolar degenerations were observed in high dose of induction (80 mg/kg b.w. Animals were treated with the phytotherapeutic products of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Phyllanthus emblica and their formulations. Triphala extract was possessed more hepatoprotective activity, while comparing the four samples which was proved experimentally.

  1. Leaf photosynthesis and respiration of three bioenergy crops in relation to temperature and leaf nitrogen: how conserved are biochemical model parameters among crop species?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Archontoulis, S.V.; Yin, X.; Vos, J.; Danalatos, N.G.; Struik, P.C.

    2012-01-01

    Given the need for parallel increases in food and energy production from crops in the context of global change, crop simulation models and data sets to feed these models with photosynthesis and respiration parameters are increasingly important. This study provides information on photosynthesis and r

  2. Analyzing the some biochemical parameters of diabetes mellitus and obese patients who applied to Siirt State Hospital endocrine polyclinic and their prevalence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karageçili, Hasan; Yerlikaya, Emrah; Aydin, Ruken Zeynep

    2016-04-01

    Obesity and diabetes are major public health problems throughout the World. Obese individuals body mass index (BMI) is >30 kg/m2. Obesity is characterized by increased waist circumference, total body fat and hyperglycemia. The increased triglyceride and cholesterol level is also shown in obese individuals. The development of obesity is largely due to the consumption of high energy food and sedentary lifestyle. This study was held with the participation of patients applied to Siirt State Hospital endocrine policlinic for treatment. Our aim is to try to determine the biochemical relation and border line of obese and obese+diabetes mellitus patients. Patients and control group lipid profiles were studied in the hospital biochemisty laboratory. Laboratory results of diabetes+obese, obese and control groups were evaluated. Patients and control samples blood serum levels were compared according to their lipid profiles. In 2015, 735 diabetes mellitus type 2 patients applied to Endocrine polyclinic. Some of these patient's serum levels were evaluated. Difference between diabetes+obese and diabetes groups were near critical level for LDL and trigliserid. There were not observed statistically significant difference between groups in terms of HDL and cholesterol. There were found significant difference between groups for blood glucose pgender between women and men serum levels, ALT and AST levels; p<0.006 and cholesterol; p<0.04 were detected. According to participants education level blood biochemistry levels were observed statisticaly different p<0.001 with non-literacy group. In conclusion, obese and obese+diabetes patients blood serum values nearly close to each other. Obese subjects were been diabetic obese with age. In women obesity and diabetes mellitus prevalence were seen too much.

  3. Effects of iron-glycine chelate on growth, carcass characteristic, liver mineral concentrations and haematological and biochemical blood parameters in broilers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwiecień, M; Samolińska, W; Bujanowicz-Haraś, B

    2015-12-01

    Studies were carried out to determine the effect of additive iron-glycine chelate on the production performance, slaughter yield, mineral deposition in the liver and the metabolic blood panel in broiler chickens. A total of 250 one-day-old Ross 308 chicks were allotted into five groups with five replicates of 10 birds each. Diets were supplemented with the organic form iron (Fe-Gly at the rate of 25%, 50% or 100% of the total requirements of the elements) and inorganic Fe (FeSO4 at the rate of 50% or 100%). In the experiment, iron was added to the premix (containing no Fe) in an amount of 40 or 20 mg per kg of basal diet, in groups I and II, in the form of FeSO4 , and in an amount of 40, 20 or 10 mg per kg of basal diet, in groups III, IV and V, in the form of Fe-Gly. The study covering the period from the first to the 42nd day of breeding revealed that the production performance and slaughter yield were not dependent on the form and amount of added Fe. In the experimental groups with the addition of Fe-Gly of 20 or 10 mg/kg, there were no deaths of chickens during the whole fattening period. As a result, introducing an organic form of iron covering 50% and 25% of the birds' requirement increased the effectiveness of chicken fattening (European Efficiency Index) (p < 0.01). An organic Fe compound (40, 20 or 10 mg/kg) added to mixtures contributed to significant changes in the level of biochemical and haematological indicators in blood. The study demonstrated that an addition of Fe-Gly to mixtures for broilers can be fully effective in terms of production and health performance even if the suggested requirement for this element is 50% or 25% covered.

  4. Linking Soil Physical Parameters Along a Density Gradient in a Loess-Soil Long-Term Experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eden, Marie; Møldrup, Per; Schjønning, Per

    2012-01-01

    It is important to understand the impact of texture and organic carbon (OC) on soil structure development. Only few studies investigated this for silt-dominated soils. In this study, soil physical properties were determined on samples from a controlled experiment (Static Fertilization Experiment...... coefficient data; the model pore-connectivity factor was fairly constant, whereas the water blockage factor was markedly different. Water and air parameters both implied that change in bulk density was the major driver for diffusive and convective parameters in the experiment....

  5. Effects of dietary grape seed proanthocyanidins on growth performance, some serum biochemical parameters and body composition of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shao Wei Zhai

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study was performed with tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus to evaluate the effects of diet supplementation with grape seed proanthocyanidins (GSPs on fish growth performance, some serum parameters and body composition. Three hundred tilapia fingerlings with the initial average body weight of 9.50±1.25 g were randomly divided into five treatment groups with four replicates in each group and 15 fish in each replicate. The dietary GSPs levels of five treatment groups were 0 (control group, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/kg, respectively. The trial period was 49 days. Growth performance parameters were significantly improved by GSPs supplementation (P<0.05, while survival rates were similar among all groups (P>0.05. Serum parameter results showed that activities of aminotransferase aspartate in 200 and 400 mg/kg GSPs groups and alanine aminotransferase in 400 mg/kg GSPs group were lowered significantly (P<0.05. Levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol (except 200 mg/kg GSPs group were significantly lowered, while lysozyme activity and albumin level were significantly higher in fish of GSPs supplemented groups, independently from the level of supplementation. The highest crude protein level and lowest crude lipid level were found in fish of all GSPs supplemented groups, while levels of moisture and ash in fish of all groups were similar (P>0.05. The results indicated that dietary 200 mg/kg GSPs could exert beneficial effects on growth and body composition of tilapia fingerlings, and ameliorate serum biochemistry parameters related to health status.

  6. 甲状腺功能亢进的糖尿病患者生化指标变化%Biochemical parameters change in diabetic patients with hyperthyroidism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方欣臣; 叶书来

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the biochemical markers of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)patients with hyperthyroidism,to investigate the effects of hyperthyroidism in patients with T2DM.Methods Retrospective analysis was performed in blood sugar,blood lipid,renal function and other indicators of 72 T2DM cases with thyroid function abnormality(hyperthyroidism group)and 140 T2DM with normal thyroid function (control group).Results Compared with the control group,triglyceride,total cholesterol,low density lipoprotein cholesterol,glycated hemoglobin, creatinine in hyperthyroidism group decreased, while there were no significant difference in fasting glucose, postprandial blood glucose two hours,high density lipoprotein cholesterol,very low density lipoprotein and urinary albumin/creatinine between two groups.Conclusion Although individual indicators in T2DM cases with thyroid function abnormality decreased,the patients share similar risk in glucose metabolism disorders,kidney damage, vascular complications,and attention should be paid on the treatment.%目的:观察合并甲状腺功能亢进(甲亢)的2型糖尿病(type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)患者的生化指标变化,探讨甲亢对 T2DM 患者的影响。方法回顾性分析72例 T2DM 合并甲状腺功能异常的患者(甲亢组)与140例 T2DM 甲状腺功能正常患者(对照组)的血糖、血脂、肾功能等变化。结果与对照组比较,甲亢组甘油三脂、总胆固醇、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇、糖化血红蛋白、肌酐降低,而两组空腹血糖、餐后两小时血糖、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇、极低密度脂蛋白及尿白蛋白/肌酐、肾小球滤过率差异均无统计学意义。结论伴有甲亢的 T2DM 患者虽然个别指标降低,但在糖代谢紊乱、肾脏损伤、大血管并发症方面有着同样的风险,治疗上应予以重视。

  7. Indication of CPAP in Patients with Suspected Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Based on Clinical Parameters and a Novel Two-Channel Recording Device (ApneaLink: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Nigro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the accuracy and reliability of the medical decision based on the results of the hand scoring from a two-channel recording device (ApneaLink plus clinical data for the prescription of a CPAP assay in patients with suspected OSA. Methods. 39 subjects were assessed in the sleep laboratory with polysomnography and ApneaLink. The patients completed the Epworth sleepiness scale and a clinical history. Two blinded independent observers decided to prescribe CPAP according to the results of the PSG (gold standard, observer A, ApneaLink (alternative method, observer B, and the clinical parameters. Sensitivity and specificity of observer B on the indication of CPAP were calculated. The interobserver agreement for the indication of CPAP was assessed using kappa statistics. Results. 38 subjects were included (26 men, mean age 47.5, mean RDI 28.7, mean BMI 31.4 kg/m2. The prevalence of OSA was 84%. The sensitivity and specificity of observer B to initiate a CPAP trial were 90.6% and 100%, respectively. The interrater agreement for the prescription of CPAP was good (kappa: 0.75. Conclusion. This study has shown that the use of ApneaLink plus clinical data has made it possible to indicate CPAP reliably in most patients with high-clinical pretest for OSA.

  8. Modelling the anaerobic digestion of solid organic waste - Substrate characterisation method for ADM1 using a combined biochemical and kinetic parameter estimation approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poggio, D; Walker, M; Nimmo, W; Ma, L; Pourkashanian, M

    2016-07-01

    This work proposes a novel and rigorous substrate characterisation methodology to be used with ADM1 to simulate the anaerobic digestion of solid organic waste. The proposed method uses data from both direct substrate analysis and the methane production from laboratory scale anaerobic digestion experiments and involves assessment of four substrate fractionation models. The models partition the organic matter into a mixture of particulate and soluble fractions with the decision on the most suitable model being made on quality of fit between experimental and simulated data and the uncertainty of the calibrated parameters. The method was tested using samples of domestic green and food waste and using experimental data from both short batch tests and longer semi-continuous trials. The results showed that in general an increased fractionation model complexity led to better fit but with increased uncertainty. When using batch test data the most suitable model for green waste included one particulate and one soluble fraction, whereas for food waste two particulate fractions were needed. With richer semi-continuous datasets, the parameter estimation resulted in less uncertainty therefore allowing the description of the substrate with a more complex model. The resulting substrate characterisations and fractionation models obtained from batch test data, for both waste samples, were used to validate the method using semi-continuous experimental data and showed good prediction of methane production, biogas composition, total and volatile solids, ammonia and alkalinity.

  9. 黄芪建中汤对柔道选手血液及生化指标效应之研究%Effects of Huangqi Jianzhong Tang on hematological and biochemical parameters in judo athletes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏奕彰; 林健蓉; 陈洸艟; 李铭; 林睿珊; 蔡真真; 周玉; 林昭庚

    2001-01-01

    目的:本研究在探讨黄芪建中汤对柔道选手血球及血清生化值的影响.方法:实验中以新民商工高中组柔道选手为对象,男生16名女生8名,采用分层分组的方法,分为实验组与对照组,分别服用黄芪建中汤与安慰剂.实验期间为五周,分前、后二次测量,检验选手血液中血球及血清生化值.结果以配对t检定、变异数分析法、单纯主要效果比较进行分析.结果:研究结果显示,血液中血球(RBC、Hb、Hct)指数于实验前后有显著降低,血清生化值(GOT、GPT、BUN、CK)于实验前后有显著升高,证实训练对血球及血清生化值有影响.结论:黄芪建中汤对柔道选手血球及血液生化值无显著效果,亦无不良之副作用.%AIM: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of Huangqi Jianzhong Tang (HQJZT) on hematological and biochemical parameters in judo athletes. METHODS: Sixteen male and eight female judo athletes in Hsin-Ming senior high school were randomly and stratified divided into control and experimental group, which received placebo and HQJZT respectively during the five-week training program. The measurement of the hematological and biochemical parameters was performed twice, just before and after the training. The data was analyzed with paired-t test and ANOVA. RESULTS: The values of RBC, Hb, and Hct were obvious decreased after intervention, while the value of GOT, GPT, BUN, and CK was elevated. CONCLUSION: The results indicated the hematological and biochemical changes were caused by the physical training but not the effects of HQJZT. The HQJZT had no adverse effects on the judo athletes in our study.

  10. Protective Effects of Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid in Lead Acetate Exposed Diabetic Male Rats: Evaluation of Blood Biochemical Parameters and Testicular Histopathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza AYOUBI

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of vitamin C against lead toxicity by measuring the blood parameters and studying histopathology of testis in diabetic male rats. Wister rats (42 were randomly assigned into7 groups: I healthy; II fed lead acetate only; III vitamin C administered only; IV diabetic; V diabetic rats administered by vitamin C; VI diabetic rats given lead acetate and VII diabetic rats received lead acetate and vitamin C. The diabetic and lead groups had higher glucose, cholesterol, LDL, triglycerides and lower insulin and HDL concentration than the control group. It was found that vitamin C administration led to a lower level of blood glucose, cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides and higher HDL concentration in diabetic rats significantly. It was concluded that the antioxidant property of vitamin C resulted in reducing the oxidative stress complications of toxic levels of lead acetate in diabetic rats.

  11. Deoxynivalenol in chicken feed alters the vaccinal immune response and clinical biochemical serum parameters but not the intestinal and carcass characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghareeb, K; Awad, W A; Zebeli, Q; Böhm, J

    2016-02-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the impacts of deoxynivalenol (DON) feeding either alone or in combination with a microbial feed additive (MFA) on the immune response to a viral vaccine and serum clinical chemical parameters. Forty 1-day-old boiler chicks were weighed and randomly divided into four groups, 10 birds in each group: (i) control group fed with basal diet; (ii) DON group fed with basal diet artificially contaminated with 10 mg DON/kg feed; (iii) DON + MFA group fed with basal diet contaminated with 10 mg DON/kg feed and supplemented with 2.5 kg of MFA/ton feed; and (iv) MFA group fed with basal diet supplemented with 2.5 kg of MFA/ton feed. At 35 days of age, birds were slaughtered and blood was collected for investigating the antibody titre against infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and clinical chemical parameters. The results showed that DON reduced (p = 0.032) the titre against IBV, decreased (p = 0.005) the level of alanine transaminase (ALT) (4.2 ± 0.5 U/l) compared with control birds (6.4 ± 0.5 U/l), increased (p = 0.002) the serum cholesterol concentration (144 ± 6 mg/dl) compared with their control counterparts (123 ± 5 mg/dl) and increased (p = 0.074) the amount of circulating triglycerides (62.25 ± 7.50 mg/dl) compared with controls (39.55 ± 4.74). These results indicate that dietary DON altered the humoral immune response to viral vaccine and affected the serum clinical biochemistry. However, DON in combination with MFA did not affect serum IBV titre. Taken together, DON in the feed of broilers produced an impairment of the success of IBV vaccine and affected the health of birds.

  12. Correlation between Semen PH Value and Semen Parameters or Biochemical Analyses Results of Seminal Plasma%精液pH值与精液参数及精浆生化的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈帅垒; 王祖龙

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨精液pH值与精液参数及精浆生化之间的相关性,明确精液pH值在精液质量检测中所具有的价值.方法 收集河南省中医院中西医结合生殖中心2009年1月-2011年3月资料完整的男性不育症患者精液分析及精浆生化记录616份,建立Excel数据库,采用SPSS 16.0统计软件,对精液pH值与精液参数及精浆生化进行相关性分析.结果 精液pH值和受试者精浆弹性蛋白酶、精液A级精子百分率、前向运动精子百分率及存活精子百分率呈正相关性(P<0.05);与精浆酸性磷酸酶、精浆锌呈负相关性(P<0.05);与年龄、精浆果糖、精浆α-糖苷酶、精液白细胞、精液量、液化时间、精子浓度、正常形态精子数量无明显相关性(P>0.05).结论 精液pH值和精液参数及精浆生化的多项数值均具有相关性,进一步研究精液pH值的影响,对于男性不育症患者的诊疗具有重要意义.%Objective To study the correlation between semen pH value and semen parameters and biochemical analyses results of seminal plasma, and evaluate the value of semen pH in the semen quality test. Methods The semen and biochemical analyses results of 616 male infertility patients in our hospital from January 2009 to March 2011 were collected and analyzed by u-sing SPSS statistical software to evaluate the correlation between semen pH value and semen parameters and biochemical analyses results of seminal plasma. Results The semen PH value was positively correlated to the seminal plasma elastase, rate of grade A sperm,rate of rapid progression motility sperm and sperm viability (P 0. 05) . Conclusion The semen PH value is closely correlated to the semen parameters and biochemical analyses results of seminal plasma. The further study on the influence of semen PH value should improve the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility patients.

  13. Effects of Different Levels of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum Seed Powder and Extract on Serum Biochemical Parameters, Microbiota, and Immunity in Broiler Chicks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesam Hosseinzadeh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of herbs and spices has gained increasing interest as feed additives and possible alternative to antibiotics in poultry production. The effects of using different levels of coriander seed powder or extract on selected blood parameters, intestinal microflora, and immune response of broiler chickens were investigated in this study. A total of 420-day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 7 treatments with 4 replicates and fed for 42 days. Results showed that inclusion of 2.0% coriander powder in broiler diets lowered total cholesterol while blood urea was significantly higher in birds on T4 compared to T1 and T2. Furthermore, there were no treatment effects on Lactobacillus bacteria; however, the population of E. coli was significantly higher in the ileum of chickens fed T0. Noticeable significant improvements of antibody titer against Newcastle, infectious bronchitis, and infectious bursal disease were observed in birds receiving coriander extract in water. Immunoglobulin G antibody against sheep red blood cells showed significant improvement in birds fed T3; likewise, immunoglobulin M was significantly higher in birds on T2 and T3 at 28 d of age. These results revealed that coriander extract or powder can be used as antibiotic alternative in broiler feeds.

  14. Changes in visual quality, physiological and biochemical parameters assessed during the postharvest storage at chilling or non-chilling temperatures of three sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) cultivars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fratianni, Florinda; Cefola, Maria; Pace, Bernardo; Cozzolino, Rosaria; De Giulio, Beatrice; Cozzolino, Autilia; d'Acierno, Antonio; Coppola, Raffaele; Logrieco, Antonio Francesco; Nazzaro, Filomena

    2017-08-15

    Leaves of three different sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) cultivars (Italico a foglia larga, Cammeo, and Italiano classico) packed in macro-perforated polyethylene bags were stored at chilling (4°C) or non-chilling temperature (12°C) for 9days. During storage, visual quality, physiological (respiration rate, ethylene production, ammonium content) and chemical (antioxidant activity, total polyphenols and polyphenol profile) parameters were measured. Detached leaves stored at chilling temperature showed visual symptoms related to chilling injury, while ethylene production and ammonium content resulted associated to cultivar sensibility to damage at low temperature. Storage at 4°C caused a depletion in polyphenols content and antioxidant capability, which was preserved at 12°C. Regarding the polyphenols profile, stressful storage conditions did not enhance the phenolic metabolism. However, leaves stored at 12°C did not loss a significant amount of metabolites respect to fresh leaves, suggesting the possibility to extend the storability after the expiration date, for a possible recovery of bioactive compounds.

  15. Effect of priming on growth, biochemical parameters and mineral composition of different cultivars of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L. under salt stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Fredj Meriem

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available At Higher Institute of Agriculture of Chott Mariem, Sousse, Tunisia, this study was conducted to evaluate the interactive effect of salinity and seed priming on coriander. The experiment was carried out in completely randomized design with three replications consisting of four coriander genotypes (Tunisian cv, Algerian cv, Syrian cv and Egyptian cv at two seed conditions (seed priming with 4 g/l NaCl for 12h or no seed priming. Results revealed that seed priming and salinity had significantly (p≤0.05 affected all the parameters under study. On the first hand, salinity stress had adversely affected growth, chlorophyll content, mineral composition (K+ and Ca2+ of coriander in all genotypes. Also, it activated Na+ accumulation and synthesis of proline, soluble sugars and proteins. However, seed priming with NaCl had diminished the negative impact of salt stress in all cultivars and primed plants showed better response to salinity compared to unprimed plants. Maximum values were recorded in tolerant cultivar which is Tunisian one whereas minimum values were noted in sensitive cultivar (Algerian cv.

  16. Effects of different levels of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) seed powder and extract on serum biochemical parameters, microbiota, and immunity in broiler chicks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseinzadeh, Hesam; Alaw Qotbi, Ali Ahmad; Seidavi, Alireza; Norris, David; Brown, David

    2014-01-01

    The use of herbs and spices has gained increasing interest as feed additives and possible alternative to antibiotics in poultry production. The effects of using different levels of coriander seed powder or extract on selected blood parameters, intestinal microflora, and immune response of broiler chickens were investigated in this study. A total of 420-day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 7 treatments with 4 replicates and fed for 42 days. Results showed that inclusion of 2.0% coriander powder in broiler diets lowered total cholesterol while blood urea was significantly higher in birds on T4 compared to T1 and T2. Furthermore, there were no treatment effects on Lactobacillus bacteria; however, the population of E. coli was significantly higher in the ileum of chickens fed T0. Noticeable significant improvements of antibody titer against Newcastle, infectious bronchitis, and infectious bursal disease were observed in birds receiving coriander extract in water. Immunoglobulin G antibody against sheep red blood cells showed significant improvement in birds fed T3; likewise, immunoglobulin M was significantly higher in birds on T2 and T3 at 28 d of age. These results revealed that coriander extract or powder can be used as antibiotic alternative in broiler feeds.

  17. Linking tree size distribution to active remote sensing parameters: consequences for observation strategies and impacts on biomass retrieval (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, N.; Simard, M.; Behrman, K. D.; Keitt, T. H.

    2010-12-01

    Vegetation 3D structure measurements from active remote sensing (i.e. lidar and radar) are usually averaged and reported at the regional level. However, environmental gradients and disturbance can structure vegetation patterns at multiple scales. Thus, a critical challenge in designing global observation strategies is to obtain confidence intervals on vegetation parameters as a function of biome, sensor, and resolution of observation. We present strategies to gain knowledge on forest spatial heterogeneity that can be translated into confidence intervals for above ground biomass and canopy height measurements. We use data from two airborne systems: the Laser Vegetation Imaging Sensor (LVIS) and the Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) acquired over sites in the US (NH and ME), Canada (Quebec) and Costa Rica. We first describe two parameters (alpha and beta) that summarize tree size distribution for individual patches, thereby capturing forest successional stage. In this scenario, the uncertainty in predicting above ground biomass stems from: (1) the ability to estimate alpha and beta with the lidar/radar signals, and (2) the error in deriving above ground biomass from tree size distribution statistics. The processes of competition and self-thinning create skewed tree size distributions where smaller individuals are common and large individuals are rare. Using a global dataset of spaceborne lidar points from the sensor ICESat (Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite), we show the importance of sampling extreme values when using spatially sparse data. This raises the need to obtain expectations for the second-order properties of forest stands. To this end, we employed wavelet transforms to quantify variation in lidar-derived canopy height metrics across >20 Km transects and asked whether environmental gradients such as elevation can constrain the spatial autocorrelation among large trees.

  18. Assessing anaerobic co-digestion of pig manure with agroindustrial wastes: the link between environmental impacts and operational parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Verde, Ivan; Regueiro, Leticia; Carballa, Marta; Hospido, Almudena; Lema, Juan M

    2014-11-01

    Anaerobic co-digestion (AcoD) is established as a techno-economic profitable process by incrementing biogas yield (increased cost-efficiency) and improving the nutrient balance (better quality digestate) in comparison to mono-digestion of livestock wastes. However, few data are available on the environmental consequences of AcoD and most of them are mainly related to the use of energy crops as co-substrates. This work analysed the environmental impact of the AcoD of pig manure (PM) with several agroindustrial wastes (molasses, fish, biodiesel and vinasses residues) using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. For comparative purposes, mono digestion of PM has also been evaluated. Four out of six selected categories (acidification, eutrophication, global warming and photochemical oxidation potentials) showed environmental impacts in all the scenarios assessed, whereas the other two (abiotic depletion and ozone layer depletion potentials) showed environmental credits, remarking the benefit of replacing fossil fuels by biogas. This was also confirmed by the sensitivity analysis applied to the PM quality (i.e. organic matter content) and the avoided energy source demonstrating the importance of the energy recovery step. The influence of the type of co-substrate could not be discerned; however, a link between the environmental performance and the hydraulic retention time, the organic loading rate and the nutrient content in the digestate could be established. Therefore, LCA results were successfully correlated to process variables involved in AcoD, going a step further in the combination of techno-economic and environmental feasibilities.

  19. Trans fat intake across gestation and lactation increases morphine preference in females but not in male rats: Behavioral and biochemical parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roversi, Karine; Pase, Camila Simonetti; Roversi, Katiane; Vey, Luciana Taschetto; Dias, Verônica Tironi; Metz, Vinícia Garzella; Burger, Marilise Escobar

    2016-10-05

    The abuse of morphine has risen considerably in recent years, mainly due to the increase of its prescription in clinical medicine. Also, increased consumption of processed foods, rich in trans fatty acids (TFA), has caused concerns about human health. Thus, the aim of our study was to determine whether trans fat consumption in the perinatal period may affect preference for morphine in adolescent female and male rats. Dams were orally supplemented with water (C-control) or hydrogenated vegetable fat (HVF-rich in TFA) during gestation and lactation periods. On post-natal day 43, pups were exposed to morphine (4mg/kg i.p., for 4 days) and assessed in the conditioned place preference paradigm. Anxiety-like symptoms were assessed, and oxidative status of the brain was estimated by reactive species (RS) generation. Female rats with HVF supplementation showed increased morphine preference and less anxiety-like symptoms. Additionally, both male and female rats from HVF-supplementation showed increased RS generation in the ventral tegmental area, whose level was similar in morphine-conditioned female rats. RS generation was increased in the hippocampus of morphine-conditioned female rats, regardless of the supplementation of their dams. We may infer that gender is a predictive factor to opioid preference, since adolescent female rats showed more susceptibility to addiction than males. Furthermore, trans fat consumption across the perinatal period is able to modify parameters of opioid preference in female rats, possibly due to TFA incorporation in phospholipid membranes, modifying the endogenous opioid system and the oxidative status in brain areas related to drug addiction.

  20. The effects of different levels of Chlorella microalgae on blood biochemical parameters and trace mineral concentrations of laying hens reared under heat stress condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi kor, Nasroallah; Akbari, Mohsen; Olfati, Ali

    2016-05-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different supplementation levels of Chlorella microalgae on serum metabolites and the plasma content of minerals in laying hens reared under heat stress condition (27.5-36.7 °C, variable). A total number of 378 (40 weeks of age, with mean body weight of 1390 ± 120 g) were randomly allocated to six treatments with seven replicates. The birds were randomly assigned to 6 treatments (C, T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5) with 7 replicate cages of 9 birds. C. microalgae at the rates of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 ppm with water were offered to groups T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5, respectively, while group C served as a control. At 71 days of trial, blood samples (14 samples per treatment) were taken for measuring serum metabolites and at 72 days for plasma mineral analysis. The results of this experiment showed that the supplementation of 200-500 ppm C. microalgae decreased the serum content of cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL ( P HDL content increased ( P < 0.05) in the hens supplemented with C. microalgae (300 or 400 and 500 ppm). C. microalgae at rates of 300-500 ppm caused a marked ( P < 0.05) increase in the plasma content of manganese or iodine and selenium but other minerals were not statistically different among treatments. Overall, from the results of the present experiment, it can be concluded that supplementation of C. microalgae at high rates was beneficial on blood parameters of laying hens reared under heat stress.

  1. [Effect of stress actions on some hematologic and biochemical parameters of rat blood and on energetic intermolecular interactions in lipid extract under effect of light radiation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabelinskiĭ, S A; Chebotareva, M A; Tavrovskaia, T V; Skverchinskaia, E A; Shukoliukova, E P; Maslov, M N; Krivchenko, A I

    2012-01-01

    Comparative study has been carried of effect of the three-day long starvation, running, and their combination on morphological parameters of rat blood, lipid metabolism, and activity of blood Na,K-ATPase. Different effect has been shown of these stress factors on the blood erythrocyte composition. Starvation is accompanied by the most pronounced release of stored erythrocyte into blood, which results in a significant decrease both of the total amount of reticulocytes and the complete absence of reticulocytes of the I stage of maturity (the youngest). The running on treadmill led to a significant increase of the total amount of blood reticulocytes and to multiple increase of immature reticulocytes (RC-I and RC-II), which can indicate some stress of the bone marrow erythroid stem line. The curve of acid resistance of blood reticulocytes has shown the animal to experience the greatest stress at a combination of starvation and running. Starvation and running produced different effects on blood lipid characteristics. The content of triacylglycerides (TAG) in blood rose by 40% at starvation and decreased by 30% at running, a similar tendency being found for index of atherogeneity. The fatty acid composition of blood phospholipids at running and its combination with starvation practically did not differ from control. A change of Na,K-ATPase, which is so characteristic of reaction to various kinds of stress, sharply fell at starvation (by 22%), but increased at running (by 13%) and decreased markedly at combination of these actions. Absorption spectra of lipid extracts of the whole blood of the rats submitted to various stress actions showed that extracted from blood (at different amount depending on the kind of action) is an organic substance with coupled bonds, which absorbs light in the diapason of 360-620 nm. The absorption of light in the diapason of 400-410 nm has been found to belong to the Soret band of ferroheme and ferriheme. The shift of the Soret band indicates

  2. Effects of buffering mineral mixtures on milk yield, milk composition, rumen pH and some blood biochemical parameters in heat stressed dairy cows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adamović Milan

    2014-01-01

    group of cows, percentage of fat and dry substance in milk was significantly increased (p<0.05 and 0.01 respectively, while percentage of protein increase was insignificant. The substitution of magnesium oxide with bentonite had no impact on the values of examined parameters of metabolic profile, but it led to statistically significant increase of rumen contents pH values (p<0.05. From the obtained results it can be concluded that substitution of magnesium oxide with bentonite in feed mixtures that are used for feeding cows during summer period, can prevent rumen acidosis, which high yielding cows incline to under the conditions of elevated external temperatures. Besides that, this kind of substitution leads to improvement of milk composition, especially when percentage of fat and dry substance in milk is concerned. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 31003 i br. TR 34013

  3. Optimization of Sorption Parameters for Color Removal of Textile Dye by Cross-linked Chitosan Beads Using Box-Behnken Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawad Ali H.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cross-linked chitosan-epichlorohydrin beads (CEB was prepared and studied for the removal of Reactive Red 4 (RR4 from textile industry. The effect of parameters such as adsorbent dosage (A: 0.5-1.5 g/L, pH (B: 4-10 and time of contact (C: 30-80 min on the color removal of RR4 was investigated using response surface methodology (RSM based on Box–Behnken surface statistical design at an initial RR4 concentration, Co = 100 mg/L as a fixed input parameter. The results of RSM indicated that the proposed model predicted the responses adequately within the limits of input parameters being used. Regression analysis showed good fit of the experimental data to the second-order polynomial model with coefficient of determination (R2 value of 0.9958 and Fisher F-value of 185.36. Optimization of adsorbent dose (1.0 g/L, pH (4.0, and contact time (80 min gave a maximum of 70.53% RR4 removal by CEB.

  4. Parâmetros clínicos, hematológicos, bioquímicos e hormonais de bovinos submetidos ao estresse calórico Clinical, hematological, biochemical, and hormonal parameters of cattle submitted to heat stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Ferreira

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Caracterizaram-se as respostas clínicas, hematológicas, bioquímicas e hormonais de 71 bovinos F2 (½ Gir x ½ Holandês, 39 machos e 32 fêmeas, entre 14 e 20 meses de idade, submetidos a condições de termoneutralidade (22ºC a 70% de umidade relativa e ao estresse calórico (42ºC e 60% de umidade relativa. Os tratamentos foram realizados nas estações de verão e inverno em câmara bioclimática. Ao exame clínico, todos os animais apresentaram salivação e retração de globo ocular. Os animais apresentaram aumento do número de eritrócitos, concentração de hemoglobina, hematócrito, proteínas totais, ureia, creatinina, sódio, potássio, cloretos, cortisol, pH e densidade urinária e matéria seca das fezes no período de estresse calórico (P0,05. Concluiu-se que as variáveis hematológicas, bioquímicas e hormonais, bem como as características fenotípicas, revelaram-se importantes para caracterizar o estresse calórico em bovinos.Clinical, haemathological, biochemical, and hormonal parameters were characterized in 39 males and 32 females crossbred cattle (½ Holstein x ½ Gir, averaging 14 to 20 months of age, submitted to thermoneutrality (22ºC and 70% of RH and heat stress (42ºC and 60% RH in summer and winter in climatic chamber. At clinical examination, all animals presented salivation and ocular globe retraction. Under heat stress, animals increased erythrocytes count, hemoglobin total concentration, hematocrit, concentraction of total proteins, urea, creatinin, sodium, potassium, chlorides, cortisol, urinary pH and density, and dry matter of feces (P0.05. It was concluded that hematology, biochemical, and hormonal parameters are important to characterize the heat stress in cattle.

  5. 不育男性精浆生化标志物与精液参数分析%Analyse of biochemical marker in seminal plasma and sperm parameters of infertile male

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何雁; 王岚; 高婷; 伏建峰; 刘俊

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the important role of biochemical marker of seminal plasma in male fertility evaluation, and the relationship between biochemical marker and sperm parameters. Methods: The activities of zinc and acid phosphatase in seminal plasma were routinely detected in 97 infertile men and 30 normal fertility as control. We carried out the biochemical detection of seminal plasma, including fructose content, acid phosphatase content, α - glycosidase content and zinc content. The data was be statistically analysed by SPSS - 11.0 software. Results: ①The seminal plasma fructose content of anormal sperm density in infertile group is significant higher than normal sperm density in infertile group or normal fertility group ( P < 0. 05 ); The seminal plasma fructose content of anormal sperm activity in infertile group have significant difference than normal fertility group ( P < 0.05 ). ② The seminal plasma acid phosphatase content of anormal sperm activity in infertile group is significant lower than normal sperm activity in infertile group or normal fertility group ( P < 0.05 ); The seminal plasma acid phosphatase content of anormal sperm density in infertile group have no statistical difference with normal sperm density in infertile group or normal fertility group ( P > 0.05 ). ③The seminal plasma α - glycosidase content of anormal sperm density in infertile group is significant lower than normal sperm density in infertile group or normal fertility group (P <0.05); The seminal plasma α - glycosidase content nf anormal sperm activity in infertile group is significant lower than normal sperm activity in infertile group or normal fertility group ( P < 0.05 ). ④The seminal plasma zinc content of anormal sperm density in infertile group is significant lower than normal sperm density in infertile group or normal fertility group (P <0.01 ); The seminal plasma zinc content of anormal sperm activity in infertile group have no statistical

  6. Effect of f Noise Stress on Blood Biochemical Parameters of Laying Hens%噪声应激对蛋鸡血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏燕芳; 齐大胜; 韦彩利; 程丽丽; 杨松; 陈辉; 黄仁录

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this research was to study the effect of noise stress on blood biochemical parameters of hens. At the age of 500 day, 120 Hyline (Brown) commercial hens were randomly assigned to 3groups, with four rep- lications per group, 10 chickens in%500日龄海兰褐商品蛋鸡120只,随机分为3组,每组4个重复,每个重复10只鸡。研究噪声应激对蛋鸡血液生化指标的影响。结果表明,噪声对甘油三酯、葡萄糖、钙、磷及总胆固醇含量及肌酸激酶、乳酸脱氢酶、碱性磷酸酶、丙氨酸氨基转移酶活性影响差异不显著(P〉0.05)。日粮中添加60IU/kg的维生素E对缓解应激起到一定作用(P〉0.05)。

  7. Effect of nutritional level on nutrient apparent digestibility and serum biochemical parameters of beef calves%营养水平对肉犊牛营养物质消化率和血清指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭峰; 屠焰; 杜红芳; 陈仁杰; 刁其玉

    2015-01-01

    研究不同能量、蛋白质水平的代乳品对南方地区哺乳期肉用犊牛营养物质消化和血清指标的影响,进而确立代乳品能量和蛋白质参数,为南方地区肉犊牛的饲料配制提供数据支持.采用2×2因子设计,犊牛代乳品的能量水平为16、14 MJ/kg,粗蛋白水平为25%、22%,共计4种.选取新生犊牛40头,21日龄断母乳并根据日龄和体重一致原则分为4个处理组,每组10头犊牛,分别饲喂上述4种代乳品,于77~85日龄进行消化试验并静脉采集血液.结果显示相同能量水平,犊牛对代乳品中粗脂肪和钙的表观消化率随粗蛋白水平的升高而提高(P0.05).高能量水平(DE:16 MJ/kg)有助于犊牛粗蛋白质消化吸收,高蛋白水平(CP:25%)有助于犊牛对粗脂肪和钙的利用,低能低蛋白水平(DE:14 MJ/kg ,CP:22%)日粮不利于犊牛营养物质消化吸收.%The objective of this study is to determine the effect of different energy and protein level of milk replacer (MR) on nutrient digestibility and serum biochemical parameters of beef calves. It will establish the energy and protein parameter of milk replacer, providing technical guide for formulating of milk replacer recipes specialized for southern China. The experiment was 2 × 2 factorial design. The crude protein of milk replacers were 22% and 25% and the digestible energy level of milk replacers were 14 and 16 MJ/kg, respectively. Forty neonatal German yellow×Xianan calves were allotted to four treatments (10 per treatment) according to the body weight and age. Calves in all treatments were weaned off whole milk at 21 days of age, followed by the feeding of four different types of milk replac-er till 90 days of age. Digestive experiments were conducted at 77~85 age phase meanwhile blood was sampled to determine biochemical parameters. The results demonstrated that the apparent digestibility of both crude fat and Ca increased in high protein treatments (P0.05). To sum up, the high

  8. Age-Related Reference Intervals of the Main Biochemical and Hematological Parameters in C57BL/6J, 129SV/EV and C3H/HeJ Mouse Strains.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mazzaccara

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although the mouse is the animal model most widely used to study the pathogenesis and treatment of human diseases, reference values for biochemical parameters are scanty or lacking for the most frequently used strains. We therefore evaluated these parameters in the C57BL/6J, 129SV/EV and C3H/HeJ mice. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We measured by dry chemistry 26 analytes relative to electrolyte balance, lipoprotein metabolism, and muscle/heart, liver, kidney and pancreas functions, and by automated blood counter 5 hematological parameters in 30 animals (15 male and 15 female of each mouse strain at three age ranges: 1-2 months, 3-8 months and 9-12 months. Whole blood was collected from the retro-orbital sinus. We used quality control procedures to investigate analytical imprecision and inaccuracy. Reference values were calculated by non parametric methods (median and 2.5(th and 97.5(th percentiles. The Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for between-group comparisons. Median levels of GLU, LDH, Chol and BUN were higher, and LPS, AST, ALP and CHE were lower in males than in females (p range: 0.05-0.001. Inter-strain differences were observed for: (1 GLU, t-Bil, K+, Ca++, PO(4- (p<0.05 and for TAG, Chol, AST, Fe++ (p<0.001 in 4-8 month-old animals; (2 for CK, Crea, Mg++, Na++, K+, Cl- (p<0.05 and BUN (p<0.001 in 2- and in 10-12 month-old mice; and (3 for WBC, RBC, HGB, HCT and PLT (p<0.05 during the 1 year life span. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results indicate that metabolic variations in C57BL/6J, 129SV/EV and C3H/HeJ mice after therapeutic intervention should be evaluated against gender- and age-dependent reference intervals.

  9. 三种复方中草药对斑点叉尾鮰部分生化指标的影响%Effects of Three Compound Chinese Herbal Medicines on Some Biochemical Parameters in Ictalurus punctatus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭永军; 乔之怡; 胡玉花; 陈成勋; 白东清; 丁莉莉; 刘志伟; 邢克智

    2012-01-01

    In order to test the effects of compound Chinese herbal medicine "Yuhuan", "Gantaile" and "Sanhuangfen" on biochemical parameters in Ictalurus punctatus, an oral administration trial was performed. The medicines mentioned above were added to a commercial feed at 5 g/kg separately, and were administrated to the tested fish. The fish was sampled after a continuous 7-day feeding. The biochemical parameters in blood and tissues were assayed. The results show that all the medicines enhanced SOD/MDA and CAT/MDA ratio in serum and spleen. So the antioxidant capacity in serum and spleen was enhanced. All the medicines reduced the antioxidant capacity in head kidney by means of reducing SOD/MDA and CAT/MDA ratio. The "Gantaile" and "Yuhuan" enhanced the antioxidant capacity in gill, while "Sanhuangfen" and "Yuhuan" enhanced the antioxidant capacity in muscle. All the medicines reduced AST and ALT activities in hepato-pancreas. The LZM activity was significantly cut down in hepato-pancreas by "Gantaile" and in head kidney by "Yuhuan", while "Sanhuangfen" boosted LZM activity in muscle significantly. All the medicines enhanced blood leucocytes phagocytosis and reduced AST and ALT activities in hepato-pancreas.%为研究复方中草药“鱼欢”、“肝泰乐”、“三黄粉”对斑点叉尾鮰生化指标的影响,将以上3种中草药按5g/kg饵料的比例加到饵料中,连续喂食斑点叉尾鮰7d后取样,测定血液和组织中的生化指标。结果表明:3种复方中草药均能提高血清和脾脏的SOD/MDA和cAz孙佃A比值,提高血清和脾脏的抗氧化能力;3种复方中草药均能降低头肾的SOD/MDA和CAT/MDA比值,降低其抗氧化能力。“肝泰乐”和“鱼欢”能提高鮰的抗氧化能力,“三黄粉”和“鱼欢”能提高肌肉的抗氧化能力。3种复方中草药能降低肝胰脏中AST和ALT的活力。“肝泰乐”显著降低肝胰脏的LZM活力,“鱼欢”显著降低头肾的LZM活力

  10. 明胶微球阻塞胎羊胎盘后血气及生化指标的变化%Alteration of Fetal Blood-Gas, pH and Biochemical Parameters after Placental Occlusion in Ewe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵耐青

    2000-01-01

    目的 建立胎儿窘迫的妊娠羊动物模型并观测胎羊窘迫的动态过程。方法 妊娠晚期绵羊(湖羊)16头,于妊娠116~125d进宫腔行胎儿手术,胎羊股动脉插管,使导管顶端达胎羊腹主动脉水平,留置导管于胎羊体内,经三通管接压力感受器,连续动态监测胎羊血压,定期采血。手术成功后经胎羊腹主动脉注射明胶微球颗粒,阻塞胎盘建立胎儿窘迫的动物模型。每次注射微球前后胎羊采血作血气分析,留置血清检测血乳酸、高密度脂蛋白(HDL)和血糖等。结果 16例中10例手术成功,经胎羊腹主动脉注射微球后,pH、p∞2、和Po2,与微球注射的次数(MS)均有明显的关系,相关系数分别为-0.724 0(P0.05)和0.141 2(P>0.05)。乳酸浓度与pH值之间有明显的相关性,pH值7.0以下时,乳酸浓度明显升高。结论 经胎羊腹主动脉注射微球的方法,可以定量地表达胎盘阻塞的程度,符合胎儿窘迫的临床表现;该模型可动态地观察胎儿窘迫的过程。%Purpose To establish an animal model of fetal distress and to evaluate the alteration of pH, blood gas and biochemical parameters at fetal artery blood in ewe. Methods Intrauterine surgeries were performed at 116 - 125 gestational days in 16 ewes for vascular catheterization at fetal abdominal aorta 0.5 ml of 1% microspheres suspension was injected per 15 to 20 minutes after the surgeries had been succeed. Fetal blood pressure was continually monitored, and the fetal blood were sampled through the catheter before and after injection of microsphere for measurement of pH,blood gas,lactic acid,and high density lipoprotein (HDL). Results The of 16 pregnant sheeps were successfully operated. The times of microsphere injection (MS) was significantly related to fetal blood pH ( - 0. 724 0,P<0.01), Po2 (0. 521 5 ,P<0.05), p∞2( - 0. 700 79, P < 0.01 ) and lactate acid ( r = 0.50, P < 0.05 ). There was

  11. Ethanol extract of mango (Mangifera indica L.) peel inhibits α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities, and ameliorates diabetes related biochemical parameters in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondi, Mahendranath; Prasada Rao, U J S

    2015-12-01

    Peel is a major by-product during processing of mango fruit into pulp. Recent report indicates that the whole peel powder ameliorated diabetes. In the present study, ethanolic extract of mango peel was analysed for its bioactive compounds, evaluated for α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory properties, oral glucose tolerance test, antioxidant properties, plasma insulin level and biochemical parameters related to diabetes. In addition to gallic and protocatechuic acids, the extract also had chlorogenic and ferulic acids, which were not reported earlier in mango peel extracts. The peel extract inhibited α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities, with IC50 values of 4.0 and 3.5 μg/ml. Ethanolic extract of peel showed better glucose utilization in oral glucose tolerance test. Treatment of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with the extract decreased fasting blood glucose, fructosamine and glycated hemoglobin levels, and increased plasma insulin level. Peel extract treatment decreased malondialdehyde level, but increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes significantly in liver and kidney compared to diabetic rats. These beneficial effects were comparable to metformin, but better than gallic acid treated diabetic rats. The beneficial effects of peel extract may be through different mechanism like increased plasma insulin levels, decreased oxidative stress and inhibition of carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzyme activities by its bioactive compounds. Thus, results suggest that the peel extract can be a potential source of nutraceutical or can be used in functional foods and this is the first report on antidiabetic properties of mango peel extract.

  12. Hematological and serum biochemical parameters of blood in adolescent rats and histomorphological changes in the jejunal epithelium and liver after chronic exposure to cadmium and lead in the case of supplementation with green tea vs black, red or white tea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaszewska, Ewa; Winiarska-Mieczan, Anna; Dobrowolski, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Rats were used to check whether regular consumption of black, red, or white tea would have a protective effect similar to the action of green tea on the intestine and liver in the case of exposure to Cd and Pb within the limits of human environmental exposure to these elements. Rats at the age of 6 weeks were divided into the control and four groups supplemented with green (GT), black (BT), red (RT), or white (WT) tea extracts. Their diet (except the control) was mixed with 7 mg Cd/kg and 50mg Pb/kg. The experiment lasted 12 weeks. The effects of administration of tea in Cd- and Pb-poisoned rats on plasma biochemical parameters and the jejunal epithelium and liver were determined. The highest body mass was found in the GT group. The highest hemoglobin and Fe concentrations were in the control and GT groups. The highest activity of AST was in groups poisoned with Cd and Pb independently on supplementation. The highest ALT activity was in BT and RT groups with lower content of polifenoles. Pb and Cd disturbed the liver leading to necrosis and fatty degenerative changes, and a loss of normal architecture of the hepatocytes. Rats from the GT group had the highest cell proliferation rate in intestinal glands and the largest absorptive surface. Black, red, and white tea exerted a varied impact on the histological structure and innervation of the small intestine wall as well as on the absorptive function of small intestine mucosa in rats poisoned with Pb and Cd than green tea. On the other hand, taking into account the number of apoptotic cells, the effect of the teas was the same. Moreover, it is clear that long term exposure to Cd and Pb contamination causes toxic effect in the liver.

  13. Analysis of the routine blood counts and blood biochemical parameters and hemorheology in the rats with congenital cataract%先天性白内障大鼠血液生化及血液流变学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田小芸; 尤金炜; 董敏; 许龙祥; 赵志刚; 陈莉; 恽时锋

    2014-01-01

    Objective To measure the range of routine blood counts and blood biochemical parameters ,to analyze hemorheology of the rats with congenital cataract .Methods Blood samples were taken from 90 rats with congenital cataract weight about 185 ~211 g.Routine blood analysis was performed and blood biochemical and hemorheology paramenters were determind using an automatic blood biochemical and hemorheology analyzer .Results There were no significant difference ( P >0.05 ) between the cataract rats and the normal rats in Blood test results; but there were significant difference between the microphthalmos cataract rats and the normal same -sex rats ( P <0.01 or P <0.05 ) . The biochemical results is the cataract rats and the normal rats were different significantly in ALB group ( P <0.01 or P<0.05), and the female microphthalmos cataract rats compared with the control rats had significant difference in Ure (P<0.01) , the female cataract rats ompared with the normal rats were very significant difference in Cr group ( P <0.05 or P <0.01).The erythrocyte counts of the male cataract rats and male microphthalmos cataract rats were significantly lower than that in the female ones, respectively(P <0.05, P <0.01).The platelet counts of the male cataract rats and the male microphthalmos cataract rats were significantly higher than that in the female ones , respectively(P <0.01), and the creatinine of the male cataract rats and the male microphthalmos cataract rats were significantly lower then that in the female ones, respectively(P <0.01).There were no significant difference in every group on hemorheology .Conclusions There were significant differences in some blood indexes between the congenital cataract rats and the normal rats .These data may become useful reference for biomedical researcher in this field .%目的:测定先天性白内障大鼠血液常规、生化正常值及血液流变学变化。方法采用XS-800i血常规分析仪和OLYMPUS AV2700

  14. Molecular and biochemical studies on bovine ephemeral fever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahed S. Thabet; Emad W. Ghazy; Mohamed A. Nayel; Mohamed Abo-Elkhair

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF in cattle has been reported to be associated with a range of biochemical changes which are similar to those seen in milk fever. This study aimed to clarify the biochemical alterations that associate infection of cattle with BEF with special references to the mechanisms involved in the development of hypocalcemia. The study was conducted on 30 cases of cattle infected with BEF based on the characteristic clinical signs which were confirmed by isolation of virus and RT-PCR. Another 6 healthy cows were used in the study as control. The evaluated parameters included biochemical variables such as serum values of total protein (TP, albumin (Alb, glucose (Glu, total calcium (tCa, ionized calcium (iCa, inorganic phosphorus (P, magnesium (Mg, sodium (Na, potassium (K, chloride (Cl, creatinine (Cr, blood urea nitrogen (BUN and serum activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP. Hormonal profile included parathyroid hormone (PTH, insulin (Ins, and cortisol (Cor. The results showed that BEF-infected animals demonstrated a significant decrease (P<0.05 in serum concentrations of TP, Glo, iCa, P, Na, K, BUN and ALP while the mean values of serum levels of Glu and Cl were significantly increased (P<0.05. The mean values of serum levels of PTH were significantly decreased (P<0.05 while serum concentrations of Ins and Cor showed a significant increase. It was concluded that the clinical signs of bovine ephemeral fever are related to the hypocalcemia resulting from suppression of parathyroid hormone which seems to be mediated by respiratory alkalosis caused by the disease. This explanation needs future studies to provide a direct link between measurement of blood indicators of acid-base status, blood biochemical parameters and urine analysis. However, this work can provide a good knowledge about the pathogenesis of the disease that can lead to better management and proper treatment.

  15. 苯致白血病患者外周血细胞和生化指标的分析%Analysis of peripheral blood cells and biochemical parameters of benzene-induced leukemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨祥丽; 王佃鹏; 周飞; 张艳芳; 李培茂; 张志敏; 邓丽丹; 罗斌

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析职业性苯致慢性粒细胞白血病外周血象及肝功能、肾功能、血糖、血脂参数变化规律。方法选取61例健康体检者作为对照组,10例苯致慢性粒细胞白血病患者作为病例组,对两组研究对象进行外周血细胞计数分析和血清生化(肝功能、肾功能、葡萄糖、血脂)参数检测分析。结果病例组的红细胞、血红蛋白、红细胞压积、红细胞分布宽度、平均红细胞体积、白细胞、中性粒细胞绝对值、淋巴细胞绝对值、嗜碱性细胞绝对值、血小板比积、大血小板比率、总蛋白、清蛋白、球蛋白、总胆红素、直接胆红素、间接胆红素、葡萄糖、总胆固醇、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇、尿酸和对照组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论苯致慢性粒细胞白血病患者血细胞参数异常,肝肾功能、血脂及存在异常,定期监测这些指标具有重要意义。%Objective To investigate the liver function ,kidney function ,glucose ,lipids and blood cell sparameter changes of ben‐zene‐induced chronic myeloid leukemia cases in peripheral blood .Methods 61 normal healthy volunteers as the control groups ,10 benzene‐induced chronic myeloid leukemia patients as the case groups .Peripheral blood cell were counted and serum biochemical pa‐rameter(liver function ,kidney function ,glucose ,blood lipids) wer detected .Results The parameters including of RBC ,hemoglobin , hematocrit ,red blood cell distribution width ,mean corpuscular volume ,leukocytes ,absolute neutrophil count ,absolute lymphocyte , basophils ,platelet hematocrit ,large platelet ratio ,total protein ,albumin ,globulin ,total bilirubin ,direct bilirubin ,indirect bilirubin , alkaline phosphatase ,total cholesterol ,high density lipoprotein cholesterol ,low density lipoprotein cholesterol ,creatinine ,uric acid , creatine kinase ,lactate dehydrogenase ,

  16. 面向植物生理生化参数反演的光谱信息压缩感知重构%Compressive sensing and reconstruction of vegetation spectra for retrieving plant physiological and biochemical parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐平; 刘俊峰; 张竞成; 薛凌云

    2016-01-01

    With the development of hyperspectral technology, it is of great significance to establish a specific compression and reconstruction method that can be used for conducting quantitative remote sensing of vegetation. Such a method is expected not only to improve the efficiency of data storage and transmission, but also to maintain the main spectral characteristics in interpreting some physiological and biochemical parameters. In this study, the compressive sensing technique was introduced to the compression and reconstruction of plant spectrum. Three critical physiological and biochemical parameters of plant, i.e. water content, carotenoid content and chlorophyll content, were chosen to test the retrieving efficacy of the proposed method. To facilitate such an analysis, a spectral dataset consisting of 2 500 spectra and corresponding plant physiological and biochemical parameters with multivariate normal distribution was generated by a classic plant leaf radiation model PROSEPCT. Based on the data, the compression and reconstruction method that was specific for vegetation spectral processing was proposed, described and evaluated. To process the spectral dataset using the compressed sensing method, the spectral dataset was firstly sampled by means of constructing random matrix. Then, the sampled data were reconstructed by a classic orthogonal matching pursuit algorithm, and the normalized root mean square error between the reconstructed data and the original data was analyzed. The performance of the method was thoroughly evaluated on 3 different levels: the spectral level, the feature level and the model level. At the spectral level, an error analysis was performed by directly calculating the original spectra and reconstructed spectra of corresponding samples. At the spectral index level, the spectral index was calculated based on both the original spectra and the reconstructed spectra. Then the error of the spectral index was analyzed. At the model level, the

  17. Effects of heme iron on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of weaned piglets%血红素铁对断奶仔猪生长性能和血液指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高冬余; 王留香; 于伟; 江国永; 潘勇; 成国祥

    2012-01-01

    One hundred and twenty 28-day-old weaned piglets were selected and randomly divided into 4 groups, i.e. control, treatment 1, treatment 2 and treatment 3, which were respectively supplied (K27.5, 55.0 and 85.0 mg/kg heme iron on the basal diet. The effects of heme iron on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters (hemoglobin and IgG) of weaned piglets were researched. The feeding experiment was conducted for 13 days. The results as follows: heme iron could improve weaned piglet's average daily gain and feed conversion rate, Statistical analysis showed 55.0 mg/kg heme iron in diet increased feed conversion rate by 10.27% compared with control group (P<0.05). Heme iron had a certain growth promoting effect on weaned piglets, and the hemoglobin concentration in the whole blood and the IgG concentration in the plasma were improved.%选取120头28日龄断奶仔猪,随机分成4个处理组,即1个对照组和3个试验组,每组3个重复,每个重复10头.对照组饲喂基础日粮,试验1、2、3组分别饲喂基础日粮中血红素铁净添加量为27.5、55.0、85.0 mg/kg的3种试验日粮,研究日粮中添加血红素铁对断奶仔猪的生长性能、血液指标(血红蛋白浓度、免疫球蛋白浓度)的影响.试验正试期13d.结果表明,血红素铁各添加量组均能够提高仔猪的生长性能,日粮中血红素铁添加量为55 mg/kg时,仔猪平均日增重、饲料转化率较对照组分别提高12.02%和10.27%(P<0.05).血红素铁对断奶仔猪有良好的促生长作用,也在一定程度上提高了仔猪血液中血红蛋白和IgG浓度.

  18. A case study of single hygroscopicity parameter and its link to the functional groups and phase transition for urban aerosols in Taipei City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Hui-Ming; Hsu, Chia-Hung; Lin, Wei-Ting; Chen, Yu-Quan

    2016-05-01

    The hygroscopicity, functional groups and phase transitions of urban aerosol particles in Taipei City were studied using a cloud condensation nuclei counter (CCNc) with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and an attenuated total reflectance with infrared (ATR-IR) detection technique. With the assumption of larger particles being activated first, the derived single hygroscopicity parameter (κ) exhibited an increasing trend with particle size, i.e., from 0.022 ± 0.01 at 87 ± 10 nm to 0.13 ± 0.03 at 240 ± 20 nm. The collected size-selected particles were characterized using ATR-IR for the functional groups of alkyl, carbonyl, ammonium, sulfate and nitrate, which showed various size dependence patterns, linked to different formation mechanisms. The hygroscopic response based on the ratio (xW_solute) for sample film of absorption by the enhanced water-stretching peak to that by the selected solute showed a better consistency with pure ammonium sulfate for sub-micron size particles. Based on the derived ammonium sulfate volume fraction from IR analysis, the κ received from CCNc measurements was concluded mainly contributed by ammonium sulfate for sub-micrometer particles. The increasing trend of sodium nitrate absorbance at aerosol diameter ≥1 μm was due to a reaction of nitric acid with sea salt particles. The micrometer sized particles were apparent not only in a significantly higher xW_solute than pure sodium nitrate but also had a deliquescence RH of 69 ± 1%, similar to that of sodium nitrate-sodium chloride mixtures. Overall, the organic species in this study exhibited a low hygroscopicity with less than 0.036 of contribution for the overall κ, and the major hygroscopic material of urban aerosols consisted primarily of ammonium sulfate in the sub-micrometer particles and sodium nitrate with sea salt in the coarse particles.

  19. Biochemical adaptation to ocean acidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stillman, Jonathon H; Paganini, Adam W

    2015-06-01

    The change in oceanic carbonate chemistry due to increased atmospheric PCO2  has caused pH to decline in marine surface waters, a phenomenon known as ocean acidification (OA). The effects of OA on organisms have been shown to be widespread among diverse taxa from a wide range of habitats. The majority of studies of organismal response to OA are in short-term exposures to future levels of PCO2 . From such studies, much information has been gathered on plastic responses organisms may make in the future that are beneficial or harmful to fitness. Relatively few studies have examined whether organisms can adapt to negative-fitness consequences of plastic responses to OA. We outline major approaches that have been used to study the adaptive potential for organisms to OA, which include comparative studies and experimental evolution. Organisms that inhabit a range of pH environments (e.g. pH gradients at volcanic CO2 seeps or in upwelling zones) have great potential for studies that identify adaptive shifts that have occurred through evolution. Comparative studies have advanced our understanding of adaptation to OA by linking whole-organism responses with cellular mechanisms. Such optimization of function provides a link between genetic variation and adaptive evolution in tuning optimal function of rate-limiting cellular processes in different pH conditions. For example, in experimental evolution studies of organisms with short generation times (e.g. phytoplankton), hundreds of generations of growth under future conditions has resulted in fixed differences in gene expression related to acid-base regulation. However, biochemical mechanisms for adaptive responses to OA have yet to be fully characterized, and are likely to be more complex than simply changes in gene expression or protein modification. Finally, we present a hypothesis regarding an unexplored area for biochemical adaptation to ocean acidification. In this hypothesis, proteins and membranes exposed to the

  20. 禁欲时间对精子参数及精浆生化指标的影响%Effects of sexual abstinence on sperm parameters and seminal plasma biochemical indicators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李付彪; 张明; 封建军; 刘祥印; 刘睿智

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the influences of the length of sexual abstinence on sperm parameters and seminal plasma biochemical indicator.Methods Sperm concentration and motility were detected by computer assisted sperm analysis(CASA).The sperm morphology was analyzed using semiautomatic sperm morphology analyzer.Seminal plasma fructose concentration,neutral a-glycosidase,zinc,and acid phosphates concentration were measured by spectrophotometer.Improved DTNB was conducted for detection of the content of seminal plasma novain.Prostatespecific antigen(PSA)was measured with commercial kit.Three groups were defined according to the days of sexual abstinence:G1(1-3 days),G2(4-5 days)and G3(>6 days).Results Sperm concentration of G2 was significantly higher than that of G1(P<0.01),and of G3 than that of G1 and G2(P<0.01).Sperm motility and per centage of morphologically normal sperm of G3 were significantly lower than that of G1(P<0.01).Seminal plasma fructose concentration of G3 was significantly lower than that of G1 and G2(P<0.01,P<0.05).Seminal plasma neutral a-glycosidase,carnutine,zinc concentration of G3 was significantly higher than that of G1 and G2(P<0.01,P<0.05).Conclusion The length of sexual abstinence can influence sperm parameters and seminal plasma biochemical indicator.%目的 探讨禁欲时间对精子参数及精浆生化指标的影响.方法 采用精子形态检测系统下人工修正方法进行精子形态分析.采用精子质量检测系统进行精子密度、活力分析.精浆果糖含量、中性a糖苷酶、精浆锌、酸性磷酸酶等采用分光光度比色法测定.采用DTNB改进法检测精浆肉毒碱含量.前列腺特异性抗原(PSA)采用试剂盒进行检测.根据禁欲时间分为3组:G1(禁欲1~3d)组、G2(禁欲4~5d)组和G3(禁欲6d以上)组.结果G2组精子密度[(70.64±63.79)×106]显著高于G1组[(57.40±45.36)×106,P<0.01],G3组精子密度[(77.00±65.43)×106]显著高于G1组[(57.40±45.36)×106

  1. 不同属种肉类对大鼠血清生化指标与抗氧化能力的影响%Effects of different species meats on serum biochemical parameters and antioxidant status in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓宇; 高峰; 周光宏

    2011-01-01

    探讨了不同属种肉类对大鼠血清生化指标和抗氧化机能的影响.试验选取体重约177 g的雄性SD大鼠90只,随机分为3组即狗肉组、羊肉组、鸭肉组,分别将日粮中的主要蛋白源替换为狗肉、羊肉、鸭肉(CP 31%).试验期为4周.结果表明:饲喂狗肉和羊肉能显著提高大鼠生长性能,且前者使得大鼠血清碱性磷酸酶(ALP)活性极显著升高(P<0.01);而饲喂鸭肉使得大鼠血清丙氨酸转移酶(ALT)活性显著升高(P<0.05),天冬氨酸转移酶(AST)、血清尿素氮(BUN)活性极显著升高(P<0.01).不同属种的肉之间,鸭肉组肝脏和肾脏中谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GSH-Px)活性均极显著升高(P<0.01).结果提示:饲喂狗肉和羊肉能促进机体蛋白质合成,有利于蛋白质沉积;饲喂鸭肉则具有增强机体抗氧化的能力.%The experiment was conducted to study the effect of different species meats on serum biochemical parameters and antioxidant status in rats. A total of 90 male SD rats with body weight of about 177 g were divided into dog meat group, mutton group and duck meat group in a randomized complete block design, and these three groups were respectively replaced the main dietary protein source with dog meat. mutton, duck meat ( CP% : 31%). The experimental stage was 4 weeks. The results were shown as follows : the growth performance of rats was markedly enhanced by feeding dog meat and mutton, and the activity of alkaline phosphatase ( ALP) of rats in dog meat group was enhanced significandy ( P<0. 01). But with the rats in duck meat group, the activity of alanine aminotransferase ( ALT) was increased significantly (P<0. 05) . the activity of aspartate aminotransferase ( AST) and serum urea nitrogen ( BUN) was enhanced significantly (P<0. 01). Among the groups of different species meats, the activity of glutathione peroxidase ( GSH) in liver and kidney of rats in duck meat group was significantly higher ( P<0. 01). The

  2. The effects of detergent, sodium tripoly-phosphate and ethoxyled oleyl-cetyl alcohol on metabolic parameters of the fungus Trichothecium roseum link

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojanović Jelica

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The degradation of detergents that are dispersed in water and soil partially depends on the metabolic activities of fungi. Among the fungi that have this ability, Deuteromycetes are particularly noted for their biochemical characteristics. Taking this into account, it was of interest to analyze the influence of detergent and its main compounds, ethoxyled oleylcetyl alcohol (AOC and sodium tripoly-phosphate (TTP, on the metabolism of the fungus Trichothecium roseum. Our results revealed that both detergent and AOC had an inhibitory effect on the bioproduction of free organic acids, while TTP stimulated their production. Also, detergent inhibited the bioproduction of basic amino acids, with the exception of alanine. In addition, detergent applied at 1% concentration inhibited the bioproduction of proteins and the total biomass of the fungus, while AOC and TTP inhibited the production of proteins, but stimulatedl the production of Trichothecium.

  3. Characterizing multistationarity regimes in biochemical reaction networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Otero-Muras

    Full Text Available Switch like responses appear as common strategies in the regulation of cellular systems. Here we present a method to characterize bistable regimes in biochemical reaction networks that can be of use to both direct and reverse engineering of biological switches. In the design of a synthetic biological switch, it is important to study the capability for bistability of the underlying biochemical network structure. Chemical Reaction Network Theory (CRNT may help at this level to decide whether a given network has the capacity for multiple positive equilibria, based on their structural properties. However, in order to build a working switch, we also need to ensure that the bistability property is robust, by studying the conditions leading to the existence of two different steady states. In the reverse engineering of biological switches, knowledge collected about the bistable regimes of the underlying potential model structures can contribute at the model identification stage to a drastic reduction of the feasible region in the parameter space of search. In this work, we make use and extend previous results of the CRNT, aiming not only to discriminate whether a biochemical reaction network can exhibit multiple steady states, but also to determine the regions within the whole space of parameters capable of producing multistationarity. To that purpose we present and justify a condition on the parameters of biochemical networks for the appearance of multistationarity, and propose an efficient and reliable computational method to check its satisfaction through the parameter space.

  4. 血生化指标与老年人帕金森病患病风险的相关性研究%Investigation of the correlation between serum biochemical parameters and Parkinson's disease risk in the elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华键; 杨文平; 魏永越; 李奇; 孔程程; 丁海霞

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between serum biochemical parameters and Parkinson's disease (PD) risk in the elderly.Methods The 277 inpatients with PD as PD group in Jiangsu Province Hospital from January 2009 to December 2013 were selected,at the same time,the 277 age and gender-matched healthy persons were enrolled as control group.The levels of total cholesterol (TG),total bilirubin (TB),uric acid (UA),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were detected and compared between the two groups.Results The levels of TG,UA,TB,HDL-C and LDL-C were significantly lower in PD group than in control group [(4.35±1.13) mmol/L vs.(4.95±0.98) mmol/L,t=6.63;(278.00± 101.89)μmol/L vs.(380.90 ± 108.28) μmol/L,t =12.44;(13.02 ± 7.56) μmol/L vs.(17.39 ± 7.30)μmol/L,t=7.09;(1.26±0.37) mmol/L vs.(1.34±0.28) mmol/L,t=3.38;(2.59±0.79) mmol/L vs.(3.17±0.91) mmol/L,t=7.42,all P<0.05].Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that the decreased levels of TB,UA and LDL-C were independently associated with prevalence risk of PD (OR=0.940,0.991 and 0.219,all P<0.001).The combined score of TB,UA and LDL-C was constructed by using the linear weighted method.ROC curve was drawn to select the higher diagnostic validity index among TB,UA,LDL-C and combined score.The area under the ROC curve for TB,UA,LDL-C and combined score was 0.713,0.765,0.682 and 0.809 (all P<0.001),and the value of combined score was the highest.Conclusions The decreased levels of TB,UA and LDL-C are independently associated with PD.They possess certain clinical value in evaluating the prevalence risk of PD.%目的 分析并探讨血生化指标与老年人帕金森病患病风险的相关性. 方法 收集自2009年1月至2013年12月在江苏省人民医院确诊为帕金森病的患者277例作为帕金森病组;收集年龄与性别相匹配的同期健康体检者277例作为对照组,检测两组患者总胆固醇、

  5. Restless legs syndrome in Parkinson's disease: clinical characteristics and biochemical correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Machado Guerreiro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Restless legs syndrome (RLS is a neurological disorder that responds to dopaminergic drugs, indicating a common pathophysiology with Parkinson's disease (PD. The prevalence of RLS was estimated in a group of PD patients and its clinical and biochemical characteristics were analysed. Forty-eight patients with PD were evaluated into two groups, with and without RLS. Clinical characteristics assessed in both groups were age, gender, duration of PD, Hoehn and Yahr, and Schwab and England scales. Laboratory variables such as hemoglobin, s-iron, s-ferritin and creatinine were obtained. The prevalence of RLS was 18.75%. No significant differences regarding clinical variables and biochemical parameters were observed. The high prevalence of RLS found in PD patients suggests the concept of a common etiological link and it seems that secondary causes did not play a central role in the pathophysiology of RLS in this group of parkinsonian patients.

  6. A Markov chain model for N-linked protein glycosylation – towards a low-parameter tool for model-driven glycoengineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spahn, Philipp N.; Hansen, Anders Holmgaard; Hansen, Henning Gram

    2016-01-01

    present a novel low-parameter approach to describe glycosylation using flux-balance and Markov chain modeling. The model recapitulates the biological complexity of glycosylation, but does not require user-provided kinetic information. We use this method to predict and experimentally validate glycoprofiles...

  7. Measures of Biochemical Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Joel; Marsh, Mitchell

    2008-01-01

    In a previous article, the authors introduced a new sub field in sociology that we labeled "biochemical sociology." We introduced the definition of a sociology that encompasses sociological measures, psychological measures, and biological indicators Snell & Marsh (2003). In this article, we want to demonstrate a research strategy that would assess…

  8. Biochemical Education in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vella, F.

    1988-01-01

    Described are discussions held concerning the problems of biochemical education in Brazil at a meeting of the Sociedade Brazileira de Bioquimica in April 1988. Also discussed are other visits that were made to universities in Brazil. Three major recommendations to improve the state of biochemistry education in Brazil are presented. (CW)

  9. 中药复方对热应激下蛋鸡生化指标的影响%Effects of Compound Prescription of Chinese Herbal Medicine on the Biochemical Parameters of Laying Chicken under Heat Stress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高桂生; 高光平; 史秋梅; 张艳英; 沈萍; 贾雪霞; 张雪莲

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] The research aimed to discuss the biochemical indices of laying chicken under heat stress. [ Method] 88-day-old laying chicken with the same body weight were randomly divided into five groups, namely prescription ① group, prescription ② group, Vc group, blank group(no drug group of heat stress) and normal group (no heat stress group). The effects of different Chinese herbal compound on the blood biochemical indices of laying chicken under heat stress were studied. [ Result] Heat stress reduced the contents of sodium, potassium, chloride and phosphorus in blank group, and increased the levels of triglyceride and cholesterol. The contents of sodium, potassium, chloride and phosphorus in prescription ① group and prescription ② group all obviously increased, the contents of triglyceride and cholesterol decreased and the concentrations of ALT, LDH, CK were decreased- The effects of prescription ① group and prescription ② group were more obvious than that of Vc group and the effect of prescription ② group was the most signficiant. [Conclusion] Compound prescription of Chinese medicine had a significant effect on alleviating the heat stress of laying chicken.%[目的]探讨热应激下蛋鸡的生化机制.[方法]将88日龄体重大小均匀一致的蛋鸡随机分为5组,即方剂①组、方剂②组、VC组、空白组(热应激无药组)、正常组(无热应激组),研究不同中药复方对热应激状态下蛋鸡血液生化指标的影响.[结果]热应激降低了空白组蛋鸡血钠、血钾、血氯、血磷的含量,并使甘油三酯、胆固醇的含量上升.方剂①组和方剂②组血钠、血钾、血氯、血磷的含量均有明显回升,且能降低甘油三酯、胆固醇的含量,降低血清谷丙转氨酶、谷草转氨酶、乳酸脱氢酶和肌酸激酶的含量.方剂①组、方剂②组均比VC组效果明显,但方剂②组效果最为显著.[结论]中药复方对缓解蛋鸡的热应激具有显著功效.

  10. Biochemical Neuroscience Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This biochemistry lab is set up for protein analysis using Western blot, enzyme linked immunosorbent assays, immunohistochemistry, and bead-based immunoassays. The...

  11. Scandinavian links

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Matthiessen, Christian Wichmann; Knowles, Richard D.

    2014-01-01

    centres, one joins more thinly populated regions, and the last one links peripheral areas. Two of them (The Great Belt Link and the Oresund Link) have been constructed and are in full operation. The third (the Fehmarnbelt Link) has been decided 2008 on bilateral government level. The three links...

  12. Multiplexing oscillatory biochemical signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Ronde, Wiet; ten Wolde, Pieter Rein

    2014-04-01

    In recent years it has been increasingly recognized that biochemical signals are not necessarily constant in time and that the temporal dynamics of a signal can be the information carrier. Moreover, it is now well established that the protein signaling network of living cells has a bow-tie structure and that components are often shared between different signaling pathways. Here we show by mathematical modeling that living cells can multiplex a constant and an oscillatory signal: they can transmit these two signals simultaneously through a common signaling pathway, and yet respond to them specifically and reliably. We find that information transmission is reduced not only by noise arising from the intrinsic stochasticity of biochemical reactions, but also by crosstalk between the different channels. Yet, under biologically relevant conditions more than 2 bits of information can be transmitted per channel, even when the two signals are transmitted simultaneously. These observations suggest that oscillatory signals are ideal for multiplexing signals.

  13. The link in Linking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Jane C; Chiale, Pablo A; Gonzalez, Mario D; Baranchuk, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    We present 2 cases of the slow-fast form of AVNRT with initially narrow QRS complexes followed by sudden unexpected transition to persistently wide QRS complexes due to aberrant intraventricular conduction. Introduction of a properly timed extrastimulus in one case and critical oscillations in cycle length due to short-long coupling in the second case set the stage for the initial bundle branch block. However, persistence of the aberrancy pattern once the initial event abated was maintained by the "linking" phenomenon. Delayed, retrograde concealed activation from the contralateral bundle branch perpetuated the initial bundle branch block. PMID:23840106

  14. Link between optical spectra, crystal-field parameters, and local environments of Eu3+ ions in Eu2O3-doped sodium disilicate glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, T.; Mountjoy, G.; Afify, N. D.; Reid, M. F.; Yeung, Y. Y.; Speghini, A.; Bettinelli, M.

    2011-09-01

    Rare-earth-doped glasses are key materials for optical technology due to the luminescent properties of 4fn ions. The crystal-field model describes the effect of local environment on transitions between 4f electrons. We present a detailed modeling study of the optical spectra of sodium disilicate glass, 33Na2O·67SiO2, doped with 0.2% and 1.0 mol% Eu2O3. This study uses very large molecular dynamics models with up to 100 Eu3+ ions, the superposition model for covalent and overlap effects on crystal-field parameters, and realistic values for homogeneous linewidth broadening. The simulated spectra are in reasonable agreement with experiment. The trends in 7FJ energy levels across different Eu3+ ion sites have been examined and a very detailed analysis is presented that looks at how features of the spectra are related to features of the local environment of Eu3+ ions. Increasing the crystal-field strength Stotal causes the 7F0 energy level to decrease and causes the splitting of 7FJ manifolds to increase, and this is due to increasing mixing of 4f wave functions. To a reasonable approximation the crystal-field strength components Sk depend on angular positions of ligands independently of distances to ligands. The former are seen to be more significant in determining Sk, which are closely related to the rotationally invariant bond-orientational order parameters Qk. The values of S2 are approximately linear in Q2, and the values of Q2 are higher for fivefold than sixfold coordinated rare-earth ions. These results can be of importance for efforts to enhance the local environment of rare-earth ions in oxide glasses for optical applications.

  15. A Markov chain model for N-linked protein glycosylation--towards a low-parameter tool for model-driven glycoengineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spahn, Philipp N; Hansen, Anders H; Hansen, Henning G; Arnsdorf, Johnny; Kildegaard, Helene F; Lewis, Nathan E

    2016-01-01

    Glycosylation is a critical quality attribute of most recombinant biotherapeutics. Consequently, drug development requires careful control of glycoforms to meet bioactivity and biosafety requirements. However, glycoengineering can be extraordinarily difficult given the complex reaction networks underlying glycosylation and the vast number of different glycans that can be synthesized in a host cell. Computational modeling offers an intriguing option to rationally guide glycoengineering, but the high parametric demands of current modeling approaches pose challenges to their application. Here we present a novel low-parameter approach to describe glycosylation using flux-balance and Markov chain modeling. The model recapitulates the biological complexity of glycosylation, but does not require user-provided kinetic information. We use this method to predict and experimentally validate glycoprofiles on EPO, IgG as well as the endogenous secretome following glycosyltransferase knock-out in different Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines. Our approach offers a flexible and user-friendly platform that can serve as a basis for powerful computational engineering efforts in mammalian cell factories for biopharmaceutical production.

  16. Bioquímica plasmática de cascavéis (Caudisona durissa LINNAEUS, 1758 em cativeiro Blood biochemical parameters from captivity rattlesnake (Caudisona durissa LINNAEUS, 1758

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellington Bandeira da Silva

    2010-12-01

    breeding stock, justifying the importance of studying these snakes' physiology. Blood biochemical analysis of 53 Caudisona durissa was performed using plasma samples in an automated equipment (Ciba Corning - Express Plus®. Mean values and its respective Standard deviations are: blood urea nitrogen (BUN -1.32mg dL-1 (±1.1; uric acid - 2.08mg dL-1 (±1.4; creatinine - 0.52mg dL-1 (±0.2; total protein - 3.7g dL-1 (±0.7; albumin - 1.62g dL-1 (±0.4; globulins - 2.08g dL-1 (±0.5; calcium - 15.25mg dL-1 (±2.8; phosphorus - 4.61mg dL-1 (±1.9; cholesterol - 171.58mg dL-1 (±52.7; triglycerides - 19.29mg dL-1 (±14.3; alkaline phosfatase - 31.04U L-1 (±12.4; aspartate aminotransferase (AST - 22.25U L-1 (±11.4; alanin aminotransferase (ALT 7.11U L-1 (±5.4; amylases - 1385.23U L-1 (±568.7. The following indexes were calculated: BUN/creatinine ratio - 2.5 and calcium/phosphorus ratio -3.3. Rattlesnake blood biochemical results above could be used as reference in clinical evaluation for captivity C. durissa.

  17. Valores hematológicos y bioquímicos de las ratas Sprague Dawley producidas en CENPALAB, Cenp: SPRD (Hematological and biochemical parameters in Sprague Dawley laboratory rats breed in CENPALAB, Cenp: SPRD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    León Goñi Avelina Caridad

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLas ratas son animales ampliamente usados como biomodelos. Los rangos normales de referencia son una herramienta indispensable para la experimentación animal, porque permiten evaluar el estado higiénico sanitario de los animales a la vez que ayudan a establecer diferencias en el comportamiento de los parámetros de la fisiología animal durante los experimentos, sin embargo existen muy pocos artículos donde se describen los parámetros de su fisiologismo normal.ABSTRACT The rats are widely used as experimental models. However, only few articles have been published testing physiological parameters of these animals.

  18. Efeito da bebida de café descascado sobre a atividade antioxidante, os parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos em ratos Peeled coffee brew effect in the antioxidant activity hematological and biochemical parameters in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Maris da Silveira Duarte

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito da bebida filtrada, preparada com café-arábica descascado, sobre a peroxidação de lipídios, os parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos in vivo. Para isso foram utilizados ratos que ingeriram 280 mg/kg/dia da bebida de café por 7 dias (tratamento agudo e 30 dias (tratamento crônico. A fim de determinar se a bebida de café é capaz de reduzir o estresse oxidativo, foi analisada a peroxidação de lipídios isolados de cérebro de rato analisando-se as substâncias reativas do ácido tiobarbitúrico. A ingestão da bebida por 7 e 30 dias inibiu significativamente a peroxidação lipídica (p The aim of this study was to verify the effect of filtered coffee brew prepared with peeled Coffea arabica on the lipid peroxidation and on hematological and biochemical parameters in vivo. Rats were ingested 280 mg/kg/day of coffee brew for 7 days (acute treatment and 30 days (chronic treatment. In order to determine whether coffee can reduce the oxidative stress, the rats brain isolated lipid peroxidation was accessed evaluating the thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARs.The ingestion of coffee brew for 7 and 30 days inhibited, significantly, the malondialdehyde concentration (p 0.05 between the percentage of peroxidation inhibition when the acute (48.6% and chronic (53.4% treatments were compared. The chronic ingestion of moderate doses of filtered coffee brew did not modify the plasma level of the hematological and biochemical parameters analyzed. The results indicate the beneficial health effect of moderated filtered coffee brew ingestion since it inhibited lipid peroxidation, but did not change the rats cholesterol and triacylglycerol plasma levels.

  19. Biochemical Hypermedia: Galactose Metabolism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.K. Sugai

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Animations of biochemical processes and virtual laboratory environments lead to true molecular simulations. The use of interactive software’s in education can improve cognitive capacity, better learning and, mainly, it makes information acquisition easier. Material and Methods: This work presents the development of a biochemical hypermedia to understanding of the galactose metabolism. It was developed with the help of concept maps, ISIS Draw, ADOBE Photoshop and FLASH MX Program. Results and Discussion: A step by step animation process shows the enzymatic reactions of galactose conversion to glucose-1-phosphate (to glycogen synthesis, glucose-6-phosphate (glycolysis intermediary, UDP-galactose (substrate to mucopolysaccharides synthesis and collagen’s glycosylation. There are navigation guide that allow scrolling the mouse over the names of the components of enzymatic reactions of via the metabolism of galactose. Thus, explanatory text box, chemical structures and animation of the actions of enzymes appear to navigator. Upon completion of the module, the user’s response to the proposed exercise can be checked immediately through text box with interactive content of the answer. Conclusion: This hypermedia was presented for undergraduate students (UFSC who revealed that it was extremely effective in promoting the understanding of the theme.

  20. 抗应激制剂对运输团头鲂血清生化和肝脏抗氧化指标的影响%Effects of Anti-stress Agents on Serum Biochemical Parameters and Hepatic Antioxidant Parameters in Wuchang Bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) during Long-distance Transportation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周传朋; 刘波; 谢骏; 戈贤平; 徐跑; 王可宝; 周群兰; 潘良坤; 陈汝丽

    2014-01-01

    The serum cortisol (COR) ,levels of 3 ,5 ,3′ - triiodothyronine (T3) ,complement 3 (C3) , complement 4 (C4) ,hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) ,activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) ,and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) were determined in Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) with initial body weight of (600 ± 12) g held in 1m3 tanks of 750 fish fed the diets containing 20 mg/L vitamin C , glutamine or anti-stress compund (anti-stress agents ) (without addition as control group ) during long-distance transportation period of 0 h ,4 h ,8 h ,and 12 h to evaluate the effect of anti-stress agents on the serum biochemical parameters and hepatic antioxidant abilities during the long-distance transportation period .The results showed that the anti-stress agents led to significantly (Pglutamine>anti-stress compound .%研究了在运输中添加维生素C,谷氨酰胺和抗应激复合物对团头鲂血清生化指标和肝脏抗氧化指标的影响,探讨团头鲂运输后高死亡率的原因以及维生素C、谷氨酰胺和抗应激复合物对运输应激的缓解作用。在运输团头鲂0、4、8、12 h后,分别采集团头鲂血液和肝脏样品,测定了血清皮质醇、三碘甲腺原氨酸、补体3、补体4、肝脏丙二醛含量、超氧化物歧化酶活力、总抗氧化能力等指标。试验结果表明,经过4 h后,与对照组相比,维生素C组血清皮质醇和肝脏丙二醛的含量显著降低(P<0.05);抗应激复合物组血清补体3和补体4含量显著升高(P<0.05);维生素C组、谷氨酰胺和抗应激复合物组肝脏超氧化物歧化酶活性显著提高(P<0.05);维生素C组和谷氨酰胺组肝脏总抗氧化能力分别显著升高(P<0.05)。经过8 h ,与对照组相比,维生素C组、谷氨酰胺组和抗应激复合物组血清皮质醇含量显著降低(P<0.05);维生素C组和抗应激复合物组血清补体3含量分别显著升高(P<0.05)

  1. The use of biochemical and immunological parameters in nutritional screening and assessment Utilidad de los parámetros bioquímicos e inmunológicos en la evaluación y cribado nutricional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. González Madroño

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the relationship between serum albumin, total cholesterol and total lymphocyte count with two nutritional assessment methods, to verify if their use is justified in nutritional screening tools. Methods: 101 patients admitted to medical/surgical wards underwent the SGA and the Full Nutritional Assessment (FNA. Blood test which included serum albumin, total cholesterol and total lymphocyte count (TLC, were made. Percentage of weight loss and BMI were calculated. An Anova test was done to measure the differences in the mean levels of the three parameters for the nutritional status evaluated by SGA and FNA. The probability of a patient being malnourished in the four ranges established for each parameter was calculated, as well as the relationship between the ranges and the percentage of weight loss and BMI. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated and the corresponding ROC curves, using SGA as gold standard. Results: Prevalence of undernutrition is 43.6% and 44.6% for SGA and FNA respectively. Mean levels of the three parameters decrease as the undernutrition degree increases (p Objetivo: evaluar la relación entre albúmina sérica, colesterol total y linfocitos totales y dos métodos de evaluación nutricional, para verificar si su uso en las herramientas de cribado nutricional está justificado. Métodos: a 101 pacientes de servicios médicos y quirúrgicos se les realizó el SGA y la Valoración del Estado nutricional Completa (VEN. Se les realizaron análisis de albúmina sérica, colesterol total y linfocitos totales. Se calculó el porcentaje de pérdida de peso y el IMC. Las diferencias entre los niveles medios de los tres parámetros en los distintos niveles nutricionales evaluados por SGA y VEN se hizo mediante el test de ANOVA. Se calculó la probabilidad de estar desnutrido en los cuatros rangos establecidos para cada parámetro, así como la relaciones entre esos rangos y el porcentaje de pérdida de peso y el

  2. Associative learning in biochemical networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandhi, Nikhil; Ashkenasy, Gonen; Tannenbaum, Emmanuel

    2007-11-07

    It has been recently suggested that there are likely generic features characterizing the emergence of systems constructed from the self-organization of self-replicating agents acting under one or more selection pressures. Therefore, structures and behaviors at one length scale may be used to infer analogous structures and behaviors at other length scales. Motivated by this suggestion, we seek to characterize various "animate" behaviors in biochemical networks, and the influence that these behaviors have on genomic evolution. Specifically, in this paper, we develop a simple, chemostat-based model illustrating how a process analogous to associative learning can occur in a biochemical network. Associative learning is a form of learning whereby a system "learns" to associate two stimuli with one another. Associative learning, also known as conditioning, is believed to be a powerful learning process at work in the brain (associative learning is essentially "learning by analogy"). In our model, two types of replicating molecules, denoted as A and B, are present in some initial concentration in the chemostat. Molecules A and B are stimulated to replicate by some growth factors, denoted as G(A) and G(B), respectively. It is also assumed that A and B can covalently link, and that the conjugated molecule can be stimulated by either the G(A) or G(B) growth factors (and can be degraded). We show that, if the chemostat is stimulated by both growth factors for a certain time, followed by a time gap during which the chemostat is not stimulated at all, and if the chemostat is then stimulated again by only one of the growth factors, then there will be a transient increase in the number of molecules activated by the other growth factor. Therefore, the chemostat bears the imprint of earlier, simultaneous stimulation with both growth factors, which is indicative of associative learning. It is interesting to note that the dynamics of our model is consistent with certain aspects of

  3. Effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diet on productive performance, egg quality characteristics, and blood biochemical parameters of laying hens reared under low ambient temperature (6.8 ± 3 °C)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Torki, Mehran

    2016-06-01

    A study was conducted using 144 laying hens to evaluate the effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diets on productive performance, egg quality traits, and some blood parameters of laying hens reared under cold stress condition (6.8 ± 3 °C). The birds were randomly assigned to each of four dietary treatments (C, T1, T2, and T3) with six replicate cages of six birds. Diet inclusion of aqueous extract of T. terrestris at the rate of 10, 20, and 30 ml/Lit offered to groups T1, T2, and T3, respectively, while group C served as the control diet with no addition. Feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), egg weight (EW), egg production (EP), and egg mass (EM) were evaluated during the 42-day trial period. The EP and EM increased, whereas FCR decreased ( P < 0.001) in the hens fed the extract-included diet as compared to those fed the basal diet. The serum content of cholesterol decreased and the thickness of egg shell increased in the hens fed the T2 and T3 diet compared to those fed the basal diet. Overall from the results of the present experiment, it can be concluded that diet supplementation with aqueous extract of T. terrestris has beneficial effects on productive performance of laying hens reared under cold stress condition.

  4. Effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diet on productive performance, egg quality characteristics, and blood biochemical parameters of laying hens reared under low ambient temperature (6.8 ± 3 °C).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Torki, Mehran

    2016-06-01

    A study was conducted using 144 laying hens to evaluate the effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diets on productive performance, egg quality traits, and some blood parameters of laying hens reared under cold stress condition (6.8 ± 3 °C). The birds were randomly assigned to each of four dietary treatments (C, T1, T2, and T3) with six replicate cages of six birds. Diet inclusion of aqueous extract of T. terrestris at the rate of 10, 20, and 30 ml/Lit offered to groups T1, T2, and T3, respectively, while group C served as the control diet with no addition. Feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), egg weight (EW), egg production (EP), and egg mass (EM) were evaluated during the 42-day trial period. The EP and EM increased, whereas FCR decreased (P terrestris has beneficial effects on productive performance of laying hens reared under cold stress condition.

  5. Metstoich--Teaching Quantitative Metabolism and Energetics in Biochemical Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Kelvin W. W.; Barford, John P.

    2010-01-01

    Metstoich, a metabolic calculator developed for teaching, can provide a novel way to teach quantitative metabolism to biochemical engineering students. It can also introduce biochemistry/life science students to the quantitative aspects of life science subjects they have studied. Metstoich links traditional biochemistry-based metabolic approaches…

  6. Advancement in biochemical assays in andrology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wolf-BernhardSchill; RaftHenkel

    1999-01-01

    Determination of maikers of sperm function, accessory sex gland secretion and silent male genital tract inflammation is of considerable diagnostic value in the evaluation of male infertility. The introduction of biochemical tests into the analysis of male factor has the advantage that standardized assays with a coefficient of variafion characteristic of clinical chemistry are performed, in contrast to biological test systems with a large variability .Biochemical parameters may be used in clinical practice to evaluate the sperm fertitizing capacity (acrosin, aniline blue,ROS), to characterize male accessory sex gland secretinns (fructose, a-glucosidase, PSA), and to identify men with silent genital tract inflammation (elastase, C'3 complement component, coeruloplasmin, IgA, IgG, ROS). (As/an J Androl 1999 Jun; 1: 45-51)

  7. UAV Data Link Design with Congestion Control Algorithm based on Energy Consumption Parameters%基于能耗参量的拥塞控制算法无人机数据链设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚小富; 王玉文; 董家志; 张洪

    2014-01-01

    UAV may play an increasingly important role in the future wars. It can deliver the useful enemy information to its own ground control center for its own deployment of careful operation plan. UAV traffic load and energy are two important indexes to determine whether UAV data link system is good or bad. Traf-fic load can be solved by congestion control. In combination with the characteristics of UAV's limited en-ergy, UAV adopts minimum power launch in data sending. In the MAC layer, energy consumption param-eter is introduced and integrated into the congestion control for improving the network performance of UAV data link. With opnet simulation software,and by building up a semi-physical simulation platform, a con-gestion control algorithm based on energy consumption parameters of UAV data link is designed. The simu-lation results show that the algorithm can improve the system throughput and save the energy.%无人机在未来的战争中将扮演着越来越重要的角色。战术无人机能够将对本方有用的敌方信息传递到本方的地面控制中心,以便本方部署周密的作战计划。无人机通信负载和能量是衡量无人机数据链系统性能好坏两个很重要的指标。通信负载的大小可以通过拥塞控制来解决,结合无人机能量有限的特点,无人机发送数据时采用最小功率发射,在MAC层,引入能耗参量,将其融入到拥塞控制中来提高无人机数据链的网络性能。利用opnet仿真软件,搭建半实物仿真平台,设计了基于能耗参量的拥塞控制算法无人机数据链。仿真结果表明此算法能够提高系统吞吐率,并节约了能量。

  8. Kombucha tea fermentation: Microbial and biochemical dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakravorty, Somnath; Bhattacharya, Semantee; Chatzinotas, Antonis; Chakraborty, Writachit; Bhattacharya, Debanjana; Gachhui, Ratan

    2016-03-02

    Kombucha tea, a non-alcoholic beverage, is acquiring significant interest due to its claimed beneficial properties. The microbial community of Kombucha tea consists of bacteria and yeast which thrive in two mutually non-exclusive compartments: the soup or the beverage and the biofilm floating on it. The microbial community and the biochemical properties of the beverage have so far mostly been described in separate studies. This, however, may prevent understanding the causal links between the microbial communities and the beneficial properties of Kombucha tea. Moreover, an extensive study into the microbial and biochemical dynamics has also been missing. In this study, we thus explored the structure and dynamics of the microbial community along with the biochemical properties of Kombucha tea at different time points up to 21 days of fermentation. We hypothesized that several biochemical properties will change during the course of fermentation along with the shifts in the yeast and bacterial communities. The yeast community of the biofilm did not show much variation over time and was dominated by Candida sp. (73.5-83%). The soup however, showed a significant shift in dominance from Candida sp. to Lachancea sp. on the 7th day of fermentation. This is the first report showing Candida as the most dominating yeast genus during Kombucha fermentation. Komagateibacter was identified as the single largest bacterial genus present in both the biofilm and the soup (~50%). The bacterial diversity was higher in the soup than in the biofilm with a peak on the seventh day of fermentation. The biochemical properties changed with the progression of the fermentation, i.e., beneficial properties of the beverage such as the radical scavenging ability increased significantly with a maximum increase at day 7. We further observed a significantly higher D-saccharic acid-1,4-lactone content and caffeine degradation property compared to previously described Kombucha tea fermentations. Our

  9. Desempenho e características bioquímicas de leitões submetidos a dietas com aditivos probióticos, prebióticos, simbióticos e antibióticos Performance and biochemical parameters of piglets and the use of alternative additives as antibiotic replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.L. Névoa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se o desempenho e as características bioquímicas de leitões desmamados, utilizando-se aditivos alternativos em substituição aos antibióticos. Foram utilizados 480 leitões machos, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, composto por cinco tratamentos. A ração foi à base de milho, farelo de soja e um núcleo comercial para leitões. Os tratamentos consistiram em T1: ração sem aditivos, T2: dieta basal com antibiótico, T3: dieta basal com adição de prebiótico, T4: dieta basal com adição de probiótico e T5: dieta basal com adição de simbiótico. Foram avaliados peso corporal, ganho de peso, consumo de ração e conversão alimentar. Em 50 amostras de sangue de leitões, sendo 10 amostras de cada tratamento, avaliaram-se as concentrações séricas de proteínas totais, de albumina e globulina, a relação albumina:globulina e a fosfatase alcalina, creatinina, alanina aminotransferase, aspartato aminotransferase, gama- glutamiltransferase, colesterol, ureia, cálcio e fósforo e a relação cálcio:fósforo. A substituição de antibióticos por aditivos alternativos não influenciou o desempenho nem as características bioquímicas dos leitões.The experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance and biochemical parameters in weaned piglets using alternative supplements to replace antibiotics. A total of 480 male pigs were used, randomly distributed in delineation with five treatments. The feed was based on corn, soybean meal and a commercial core for piglets. The treatments were T1: diet without supplements or basal diet, T2: basal diet with antibiotics, T3: basal diet with added probiotic, T4: basal diet with added probiotic and T5: basal diet with addition of symbiotic. In the experiment we evaluated performance characteristics, body weight, weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion. In the second part of the experiment, we evaluated the biochemical parameters of piglets used in the first

  10. Effects of White Distiller’ s Grains on Dietary Nutrient Digestibility and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Qianbei Ma Lambs%白酒糟对黔北麻羊羔羊饲粮养分消化率、血浆生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春红; 吴文旋; 吴佳海; 田兴舟; 袁鑫; 朱伦琴; 赵文金

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of varying level of white distiller’ s grains on dieta⁃ry nutrient digestibility, plasma biochemical parameters and anti⁃oxidative stress capacity of Qianbei Ma lambs. Thirty⁃two healthy lambs with similar body condition were randomly allocated to 4 groups with 8 replicates per group and 1 lamb per replicate. Lambs were fed 1 of 4 diets differing in white distiller’ s grains level at 0, 7%, 14%, and 21% for control group and test groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The test lasted for 40 days with a 10⁃day pretest period and a 30⁃day test period. The results showed as follows:1) test groups 1 and 2 resulted in significantly higher apparent digestibility of dry matter, gross energy, acid detergent fiber and neutral deter⁃gent fiber than control group and test group 3 ( P0.05) . 2) Feed⁃ing of white distiller’ s grains showed no regular impacts on plasma biochemical parameters; feeding of white distiller’ s grains had no significant impacts on the means of plasma anti⁃oxidative stress capacity indices of lambs ( P>0.05) . These results indicate that dietary inclusion of 7% to 14% white distiller’ s grains can in⁃crease dietary digestibility, and have no side effects on plasma biochemical parameters and anti⁃oxidative stress capacity for Qianbei Ma lambs.%本试验旨在研究白酒糟对黔北麻羊羔羊饲粮养分消化率、血浆生化指标及抗氧化应激能力的影响。以32只体况相近的4月龄黔北麻羊羔羊为试验动物,按照随机区组试验设计分为4组:对照组和试验1、2和3组,每组8个重复,每个重复1只羊,各组饲粮白酒糟水平分别为0、7%、14%、21%。试验期40 d,其中预试期10 d,正试期30 d。结果显示:1)试验1、2组表现出较高的干物质、总能、酸性洗涤纤维、中性洗涤纤维的表观消化率,均显著高于对照组、试验3组(P<0.05);粗脂肪表观消化

  11. Haematological and biochemical analysis in canine enteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abid Ali Bhat

    Full Text Available Aim: The present investigation screened eighteen clinical cases of canine enteritis for haematological and biochemical analyses. Materials and Methods: Eighteen dogs suffering from enteritis were selected and detailed clinical manifestations were noted. Hematological and biochemical parameters were estimated by using various kits. Blood was also collected from twelve healthy dogs for establishing control values and data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The affected dogs showed anorexia, diarrhoea, depression, varying degree of dehydration and tachycardia. There were significant changes in packed cell volume, neutrophils, lymphocytes and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration. Biochemical investigation revealed significant decrease in plasma glucose, total plasma protein, albumin and albumin:globulin ratio (A:G ratio. The level of potassium and chloride was markedly decreased. Significant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT and blood urea nitrogen (BUN was observed. Conclusion: Packed Cell Volume (PCV and Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC remained almost similar between healthy dogs and dogs affected with diarrhoea. Mean Total Leukocyte Count (TLC value was significantly higher as compared to the control group. Hypoglycemia, hypoproteinemia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia and increase in blood urea nitrogen was observed in dogs suffering from enteritis. [Vet World 2013; 6(7.000: 380-383

  12. Azoospermia: clinical, hormonal, and biochemical investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadimas, J; Papadopoulou, F; Ioannidis, S; Spanos, E; Tarlatzis, B; Bontis, J; Mantalenakis, S

    1996-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, hormonal and biochemical characteristics of infertile men with azoospermia. A total of 187 azoospermic out of 2610 infertile men (7.2%) were studied. Mean testicular volume and basal plasma levels of FSH were the most useful parameters concerning the evaluation of azoospermia. Basal plasma levels of LH and T were useful only in azoospermic men with hypogonadism, whereas plasma PRL levels, semen volume, and seminal plasma fructose levels were not found to be of common use except in selected cases.

  13. Online Hemodiafiltration: treatment optimization and effects on biochemical parameters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Penne, E.L.

    2009-01-01

    Online hemodiafiltration is a promising dialysis technique with superior removal of uremic toxins as compared to conventional hemodialysis. Whether hemodiafiltration leads to improved clinical outcome is currently under investigation in the Dutch CONvective TRAnsport STudy (CONTRAST). In the first p

  14. Hematological and biochemical parameters in pollution-exposed mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borras, M.; Llacuna, S.; Gorriz, A.; Nadal, J. [Barcelona Univ. (Spain). Dept. of Animal Biology

    1998-12-31

    Current research in this field has mainly focused on the exposure of laboratory rodents to artificially generated atmospheres under controlled conditions. As part of a comprehensive study of the impact of a coal-fired power plant in Cercs (Catalonia, northeast Spain), we have assessed the effects of air pollutants (nitric and sulphur oxides and particulate material, considered as a complex mixture, submitted to chemical interactions and to the influence of climatic conditions) on animals captured in the wild in the contamined area compared with animals captured in a matched, clean one. These animals included rodents passerine birds. This is a realistic approach, but it does not allow any control on sex, age, health status or genetic characteristics of the study subjects, nor on the real time of exposure or a possible selective pressure of predators. In that context we considered it as an interesting alternative to undertake an intermediate approach, placing caged homogeneus, controlled laboratory rodents under field conditions into both the polluted and the control zones. (orig.)

  15. Evolution of Biochemical Parameters During Composting of Various Wastes Compost

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Saidi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In Tunisia the most treatment waste is landfill (50% of wastes were land filled and only 5% are composted. And since our soil become more and more poor in organic matter, green waste can be a significant source of organic matter; in parallel we cited the domestic waste and dead posodonia collected from beaches. All these wastes coming from various origins can be exploited to produce stable compost able to correct the deficiency of soil. Exploiting waste could lead at different quality of mature compost. We are not interested in only the quality of the mature compost but we are interested in the time of the composting cycle. The goals of this study were to characterize the maturity and the sanitary quality of compost in relation with the feed stock source (green waste (C1, green waste mixed with Posidonia (C2 and municipal solid waste (C3. The results obtained showed that the duration of the cycle of composting depends on the nature of the substrate. The longest cycle (200 days was observed with the feed stock source C3. The C/N ratios ranged between 22 and 27 at the beginning of the cycle of composting and decreased notably during time of composting. NH4-N decreased over the progress cycle and at the end of composting progress, all wastes presented a content of NH4-N not exceeding the maximal value recommended for mature compost (400 mg kg-1. The CO2 released by C1 was of approximately 6000 mg C-CO2 DM kg-1 at the start of the cycle and it reached at the end of the cycle of composting 2300 mg C-CO2 DM kg-1. Nevertheless, the deshydrogenase activity (DHA recorded was important during the thermophilous phase at the level of the three piles C1, C2 and C3, where it reached the respective values of 5.9; 6.2 and 4 TPFS/TPF/g of DM. Maturity stage showed the values of 0.3; 0.8 and 0.4 TPFS/TPF/g of DM, respectively. Salmonella appeared only at the level of the piles C2 et C3 at the beginning of composting. After 40th days composting these bacteria are not detected. Staphylocoques were not detected at the level of the two piles C1 and C2. The number of these bacteria was important in the compost C3, where it fluctuated between 103 and 105 bacteria g-1 of dry matter. Statistical analyses showed that the compost of municipal solid waste C3 presented a value of salinity (6.8 g Kg-1 of DM higher than those obtained at the level of the other studied piles 2.6 g kg%/1 of DM for C1; 4 g Kg-1 of DM for C2. We also noted that the compost C2 was relatively rich in P (2.17%/ of DM and MgO (2.62% of DM as compared with the two other studied piles which contain a percentage of MgO of 0. 73 in C1 pile and 0. 8 in C3 pile. Although important heavy metals contents determined in the three studied composts were lower than the levels indicated by the standards of the European Union.

  16. Effect Of Supplementation On Haematological And Biochemical Parameters During Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohapatra P

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available One hundred forty eight antenatal women were studied as supplemented (70 and non-supplemented (78 groups. The former group received nutritional supplementation in addition, to Iron, Folic acid and calcium tablets, which were given to both the groups. There was significant increase in the serum protein (p<0.001 and albumin (p<0.001 levels of the supplemented women. Haemoglobin was found to be increased in both the groups because of Iron therapy. But the increment was significantly higher (p<0.001 in supplemented group. Thus apart from Iron and Folic Acid, a diet rich in proteins (11 gm with calories (330 kcal is essential during pregnancy, at least for a period of 100 days.

  17. Communication Links

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    This interactive tutorial helps learners to: Identify key upward, lateral, downward, and informal communication links in their organizations. , Reflect on the benefits, control, satisfaction, information filters, and feedback mechanism of various communication links in the organizations. OCL1000 Communicating Change in Complex Organizations

  18. Ouroboros - Playing A Biochemical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. T. Rodrigues

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Ouroboros: Playing A Biochemical RODRIGUES,D.T.1,2;GAYER, M.C.1,2; ESCOTO, D.F.1; DENARDIN, E.L.G.2, ROEHRS, R.1,2 1Interdisciplinary Research Group on Teaching Practice, Graduate Program in Biochemistry, Unipampa, RS, Brazil 2Laboratory of Physicochemical Studies and Natural Products, Post Graduate Program in Biochemistry, Unipampa, RS, Brazil Introduction: Currently, teachers seek different alternatives to enhance the teaching-learning process. Innovative teaching methodologies are increasingly common tools in educational routine. The use of games, electronic or conventional, is an effective tool to assist in learning and also to raise the social interaction between students. Objective: In this sense our work aims to evaluate the card game and "Ouroboros" board as a teaching and learning tool in biochemistry for a graduating class in Natural Sciences. Materials and methods: The class gathered 22 students of BSc in Natural Sciences. Each letter contained a question across the board that was drawn to a group to answer within the allotted time. The questions related concepts of metabolism, organic and inorganic chemical reactions, bioenergetics, etc.. Before the game application, students underwent a pre-test with four issues involving the content that was being developed. Soon after, the game was applied. Then again questions were asked. Data analysis was performed from the ratio of the number of correct pre-test and post-test answers. Results and discussion: In the pre-test 18.1% of the students knew all issues, 18.1% got 3 correct answers, 40.9% answered only 2 questions correctly and 22.7% did not hit any. In post-test 45.4% answered all the questions right, 31.8% got 3 questions and 22.7% got 2 correct answers. The results show a significant improvement of the students about the field of content taught through the game. Conclusion: Generally, traditional approaches of chemistry and biochemistry are abstract and complex. Thus, through games

  19. Enzyme and biochemical producing fungi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lübeck, Peter Stephensen; Lübeck, Mette; Nilsson, Lena

    2010-01-01

    factories for sustainable production of important molecules. For developing fungi into efficient cell factories, the project includes identification of important factors that control the flux through the pathways using metabolic flux analysis and metabolic engineering of biochemical pathways....

  20. Mathematical Models of Biochemical Oscillations

    OpenAIRE

    Conrad, Emery David

    1999-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to explain the mathematics involved in modeling biochemical oscillations. We first discuss several important biochemical concepts fundamental to the construction of descriptive mathematical models. We review the basic theory of differential equations and stability analysis as it relates to two-variable models exhibiting oscillatory behavior. The importance of the Hopf Bifurcation will be discussed in detail for the central role it plays in limit cycle behavior and...

  1. Link Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoho, Steve

    Link analysis is a collection of techniques that operate on data that can be represented as nodes and links. This chapter surveys a variety of techniques including subgraph matching, finding cliques and K-plexes, maximizing spread of influence, visualization, finding hubs and authorities, and combining with traditional techniques (classification, clustering, etc). It also surveys applications including social network analysis, viral marketing, Internet search, fraud detection, and crime prevention.

  2. Blood biochemical parameters, nitrogen balance and gross energy metabolizability in pigs fed with different dietary electrolyte balancesParâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos, balanço de nitrogênio e metabolizabilidade da energia bruta em suínos alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes balanços eletrolíticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Daniel Giusti Bruno

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate different dietary electrolyte balance (DEB on the blood biochemical parameters, nitrogen balances and crude metabolizable energy of swine in the initial phase. Sixteen barrows were used, averaging 27.95 kg of initial weight, allotted individually in metabolic cages in a randomized blocks design with four treatments (DEB of 160, 208, 257 and 305 mEq/kg and 4 replicates. The blood biochemical parameters analyzed were chloride, potassium, sodium and urea in blood. Urine pH was also evaluated, and the parameters evaluated in nitrogen (N balance were N intake, fecal N, N excreted in urine, absorbed N, N retention, retained N/absorbed N and total excretion of N. The gross energy digestibility and metabolizibility coefficients were determined, and the respectives values of digestible and metabolizable energy. The values of urinary pH increased (P 0.05 between the evaluated DEB. A linear increase (P Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar diferentes balanços eletrolíticos das dietas (BED sobre os parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos, balanços de nitrogênio e a metabolizabilidade da energia bruta, de suínos na fase inicial. Foram utilizados 16 suínos, machos castrados, com peso inicial de 27,95 kg, distribuídos individualmente em gaiolas metabólicas, em um delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso com quatro tratamentos (BED de 160, 208, 257 e 305 mEq/kg e quatro repetições. Os parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos avaliados foram cloretos, potássio, sódio e uréia no soro. O pH da urina também foi avaliado, e as variáveis utilizadas no balanço de nitrogênio (N foram o N ingerido, N excretado nas fezes, N excretado na urina, N absorvido, N retido, N retido/N absorvido e excreção total de N. Foram determinados os coeficientes de digestibilidade e metabolizabilidade da energia bruta e seus respectivos valores de energia digestível e metabolizável. Os valores de pH urinário aumentaram (P 0,05 entre

  3. Determination of the hemocytology and blood biochemical parameters in imported malarial patients in Beijing areas%北京地区输入性疟疾血细胞及生化检验指标变化的敏感性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹洋; 李晶晶; 黄敏君; 谷俊朝; 魏巍; 李小丽; 王磊; 王非; 李威; 齐志群; 田小军; 安亦君

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical significance by determining the biochemical indicators on urine and blood for early diagnosis of imported malarial patients. Methods The parameters of urine and blood biochemistry were retrospectively analyzed in 55 clinically confirmed patients with imported malaria in Beijing area with multiple Logistic regression by using software SPSS 18.0, and the results were compared with health controls. Results The biochemical parameters, including decreased blood platelet(OR=0.980, P=0.003), elevated glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase(OR=0.969, P=0.013) and blood urea nitrogen(OR=1.907, P=0.013), were statistically significant in early stage of infection in imported malarial patients. Conclusion Bio⁃chemical parameters changed significantly in the early stage of infection in patients of imported malaria, suggest⁃ing that determination of these indicators can lead to early diagnosis and treatment of this disease.%目的:分析输入性疟疾患者确诊前的各项血、尿常规和血生化等检查指标,探讨各检测参数指标的临床早期诊断方面的意义。方法使用SPSS 18.0软件,回顾性分析55例临床确诊输入性疟疾患者的各项血、尿常规和血生化等检查指标,并建立正常对照组。采用Logistic多元回归分析,初步完成输入性疟疾各检验参数指标的分析。结果血常规中血小板减少(OR=0.980,P=0.003),肝功能中谷草转氨酶升高(OR=0.969,P=0.013),和尿素氮的变化(OR=1.907,P=0.013),在疟疾早期各生化指标变化中具有明显意义。结论通过本次研究,初步表明血常规中血小板减少,肝功能中谷草转氨酶升高,和尿素氮的变化,在疟疾早期各生化指标变化中具有明显意义。其综合判断,有利于输入性疟疾诊断早期预警,降低误诊率,提高诊断率。对疟疾的临床早期诊断具有重要意义。

  4. 管花肉苁蓉醇提物对大鼠血液生化指标及心血管功能的影响%Effect of Cistanche tubulosa Ethanol Extract on Blood Biochemical Parameters and Cardiovascular Function in Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吾买尔江·牙合甫; 赵红琼; 冯亮; 夏瑞阳; 郑晓风; 张琦; 张晓红; 姚刚

    2016-01-01

    旨在探讨管花肉苁蓉醇提物对大鼠血液生化指标及心血管功能的影响,为管花肉苁蓉对心血管功能不全的辅助治疗作用提供现代医学研究佐证。将24只大鼠随机分为低、中、高剂量组和对照组,分别灌胃0.1、0.2、0.3 g/(100 g·BW)的管花肉苁蓉乙醇提取物和同体积的生理盐水,连续给药30 d。试验结束时,测定并比较各给药组与对照组的主要血液生化指标、心血管功能相关酶和激素水平、脏器系数以及颈动脉平滑肌的运动指标。结果表明,低剂量管花肉苁蓉醇提物显著提高大鼠血清ALT含量(P<0.05),但低、中、高剂量管花肉苁蓉醇提物对其他血液生化指标影响均不显著(P>0.05);对大鼠3种心肌酶活力的影响不显著(P>0.05);低、中剂量组的Ang-Ⅱ水平显著低于对照组(P<0.05),但EPO活力、ALD水平的变化不显著(P>0.05);对大鼠的增重率、脏器系数影响不显著(P>0.05),对颈动脉平滑肌运动指标有一定的降低趋势(P>0.05)。综上提示,总体来看,管花肉苁蓉醇提物对大鼠的血液生化指标及心血管功能有一定的影响。%This study aimed to assess the effect of Cistanche tubulosa ethanol extract on blood biochemical parameters and cardiovascular function in rats and to evidence the assistant therapy action of Cistanche tubulosa on cardiovascular insufficiency from the aspect of modern medicine. A total of 24 rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups. The low, moderate and high dosage groups were administered intragastrically 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 g/(100 g·BW) of Cistanche tubulosa ethanol extract, and the control group was administered intragastrically the same volume of normal saline. The experimental period lasted for 30 days. At the end of the experiment, content of the main blood biochemical parameters, activity or content of the enzyme and hormone associated with

  5. Pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma: Biochemical and genetic diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cano Megías, Marta; Rodriguez Puyol, Diego; Fernández Rodríguez, Loreto; Sención Martinez, Gloria Lisette; Martínez Miguel, Patricia

    Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas are tumours derived from neural crest cells, which can be diagnosed by biochemical measurement of metanephrine and methoxytyramine. Advances in genetic research have identified many genes involved in the pathogenesis of these tumours, suggesting that up to 35-45% may have an underlying germline mutation. These genes have a singular transcriptional signature and can be grouped into 2 clusters (or groups): cluster 1 (VHL and SHDx), involved in angiogenesis and hypoxia pathways; and cluster 2 (MEN2 and NF1), linked to the kinase signalling pathway. In turn, these genes are associated with a characteristic biochemical phenotype (noradrenergic and adrenergic), and clinical features (location, biological behaviour, age of presentation, etc.) in a large number of cases. Early diagnosis of these tumours, accompanied by a correct genetic diagnosis, should eventually become a priority to enable better treatment, early detection of complications, proper screening of family members and related tumours, as well as an improvement in the overall prognosis of these patients.

  6. Evaluation of biological and biochemical quality of whey protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haraguchi, Fabiano Kenji; Pedrosa, Maria Lucia; Paula, Heberth de; Santos, Rinaldo Cardoso dos; Silva, Marcelo Eustáquio

    2010-12-01

    Nutritional and biochemical properties of noncommercial whey protein have been described since 1950. However, comparisons between commercial whey protein for human consumption and casein are rarely found. The aim of this study was to compare biological quality of a commercial whey protein with casein and its effect on biochemical parameters of rats. Thirty-two weanling Fisher rats were divided into three groups and given the following diets: casein group, standard diet (AOAC); whey protein group, modified AOAC diet with whey protein instead of casein; and casein:whey group, modified AOAC diet with 70%:30% casein:whey. A protein-free group was used for determination of endogenous nitrogen losses. Net protein ratio, protein efficiency ratio, and true digestibility were determined, and blood was collected for biochemical analysis. When compared with casein, whey protein showed significant differences for all biological parameters evaluated, as well as for albumin, total protein, total cholesterol, and glucose concentrations. Replacing 30% of casein with whey protein did not affect these parameters. A positive relation among whey protein, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and paraoxonase activity was found. Hepatic or renal dysfunctions were not observed. In conclusion, in comparison with casein, commercial whey protein had higher values of biological parameters, and biochemical evaluation revealed it improved glycemic homeostasis, lipid status, and paraoxonase activity in rats.

  7. The biochemical basis of hereditary fructose intolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouteldja, Nadia; Timson, David J

    2010-04-01

    Hereditary fructose intolerance is a rare, but potentially lethal, inherited disorder of fructose metabolism, caused by mutation of the aldolase B gene. Treatment currently relies solely on dietary restriction of problematic sugars. Biochemical study of defective aldolase B enzymes is key to revealing the molecular basis of the disease and providing a stronger basis for improved treatment and diagnosis. Such studies have revealed changes in enzyme activity, stability and oligomerisation. However, linking these changes to disease phenotypes has not always been straightforward. This review gives a general overview of the features of hereditary fructose intolerance, then concentrates on the biochemistry of the AP variant (Ala149Pro variant of aldolase B) and molecular pathological consequences of mutation of the aldolase B gene.

  8. Effects of formulas of anions in diet on the reproductive performance and serum biochemical parameters of sows%饲粮阴离子配比对母猪生殖机能与血清生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳芳; 周明; 吴金节; 解正会; 丁华林

    2012-01-01

    Effects of formulas of anions in diet on the reproductive performance and serum biochem- ical parameters of sows were studied in this experiment. One hundred hybrid sows ((Landrace × Yorkshire)of healthy, similar age and body condition were divided into 5 groups of 20 each. The group 1,2,3,4,5 sows were fed on D1, D2, D3, D4, D5 diet, respectively. During the feeding experi- ment,litter size, the birth weight, survival rate and weaning weight of the piglets, the days open and returning rate to service of sows were surveied. The Cl- ,Na+ ,HCO3- ,FSH,LH and Pg con- centrations and GOT,GPT activities in serum of sows on the day 5 of the feeding experiment pei rod,the month 1 of gestation peirod and the day 7 after parturition were measured. The experi- mental results based on the reproductive performance and serum biochemical parameters of sows suggested that the formula of anions (NaC1 0.40% ,NaHCO3 0.40%)in the D3 diet was optimal; secondly the formula of anions (NaC1 0.40% ,NaH COa 0.80%)in D4 diet;the formulas of anions in D1 and D5 diets were unsuitable for reproductive performance of sows.%选取胎次相近、体况相似、健康状况良好的长×大二元杂交空怀母猪100头,将其均分成5组,每组20头。第1、2、3、4、5组母猪被分别喂以D1、D2、D3、D4、D5试验饲粮。在饲养试验期间,测定母猪窝产仔数,仔猪初生重、成活率、断奶重,母猪产后发情间隔天数(空怀天数)、返情率等繁殖指标;并分别于母猪采食试验饲粮后5d、孕后30d、产仔后7d,每组取8头母猪前腔静脉采血,测定血清中Cl-、Na+、HCO3-、FSH、LH、Pg含量,GPT、GOT活性等生化参数。根据各项指标测定的结果可推断:第3组母猪饲粮中阴离子的配比(即添加:NaCl 0.40%、NaHC3。0.40%)最宜;其次是第4组母猪饲粮中阴离子的配比(即添加:NaCl0.40%、NaHCO。0.80%)较宜;再次是第2组母猪饲粮中阴离子

  9. Infecção experimental em suínos jovens com Leptospira interrogans sorovar wolffi: determinação de parâmetros bioquímicos Experimental infection by Leptospira interrogans serovar wolffi in young pigs: determination of biochemical parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Rende

    2007-04-01

    were inoculated by the same way with 5.0mL of a cell culture containing 1.0x10(8cells/mL of Leptospira interrogans sorovar wolffi, wild strain L-10, isolated from a wild especies of brazilian "armadillo" (Dasypus novemcinctus. Three days after inoculation, blood was collected without anticoagulant; the same process was repeated at 72 hours intervals during eighteen days in both, control and experimental groups. Quantitative biochemical parameters were direct, indirect and total bilirubin, fatty acids and serum proteins. The experimental animals showed an increase of direct bilirubin three days after inoculation. Increases in indirect and total bilirubin were, also, observed after six days. Glucose, fatty acids and serum proteins decreased after the third day of inoculation. In conclusion, the increase in bilirubin levels could be due to acute hemolysis; hypoglycemia, hypolipidemia and hypoproteinemia that could be related to hepatic lesions and septicemia. All parameters returned to normal levels after fifteen days, in all animals tested.

  10. BEST: Biochemical Engineering Simulation Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1996-01-01

    The idea of developing a process simulator that can describe biochemical engineering (a relatively new technology area) was formulated at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) during the late 1980s. The initial plan was to build a consortium of industrial and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) partners to enhance a commercial simulator with biochemical unit operations. DOE supported this effort; however, before the consortium was established, the process simulator industry changed considerably. Work on the first phase of implementing various fermentation reactors into the chemical process simulator, ASPEN/SP-BEST, is complete. This report will focus on those developments. Simulation Sciences, Inc. (SimSci) no longer supports ASPEN/SP, and Aspen Technology, Inc. (AspenTech) has developed an add-on to its ASPEN PLUS (also called BioProcess Simulator [BPS]). This report will also explain the similarities and differences between BEST and BPS. ASPEN, developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for DOE in the late 1970s, is still the state-of-the-art chemical process simulator. It was selected as the only simulator with the potential to be easily expanded into the biochemical area. ASPEN/SP, commercially sold by SimSci, was selected for the BEST work. SimSci completed work on batch, fed-batch, and continuous fermentation reactors in 1993, just as it announced it would no longer commercially support the complete ASPEN/SP product. BEST was left without a basic support program. Luckily, during this same time frame, AspenTech was developing a biochemical simulator with its version of ASPEN (ASPEN PLUS), which incorporates most BEST concepts. The future of BEST will involve developing physical property data and models appropriate to biochemical systems that are necessary for good biochemical process design.

  11. Influencia de Especies Arbóreas Implantadas sobre Parámetros Biológicos y Bioquímicos en un Suelo Forestal de Chubut, Argentina Influence of Implanted tree Species on Biological and Biochemical Parameters in a Forest soil of Chubut, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana N Effron

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la influencia de algunas especies forestales sobre propiedades biológicas y bioquímicas de un suelo, con el propósito de contribuir a establecer criterios que logren un desarrollo sustentable para un sistema forestal. El sitio de estudio es un suelo forestal de Chubut, en la Patagonia Argentina. Se tomaron muestras superficiales de suelo de tres parcelas con una especie dominante cada una: Roble (Quercus robur, Fresno (Fraxinus excelsior L. y Pino radiata (Pinus radiata D. Don.. En ellas se determinaron carbono de respiración, actividad deshidrogenasa, actividad fosfatasa ácida, número de bacterias totales y amilolíticas, actinomicetes y hongos totales, mientras que en las hojas se determinó fósforo. Los resultados mostraron diferencias importantes de estos parámetros para las diferentes especies estudiadas, diferencias que son explicadas por la composición química de las diferentes especies vegetales.The influence of some tree species on biological and biochemical properties of a forest soil was studied with the purpose of establishing criteria to achieve a sustainable development of a forest system. The study site is a forest soil of Chubut, in the Argentinean Patagonia. Surface soil samples were taken of three plots with a dominant species each one: Oak (Quercus robur, Ash (Fraxinus excelsior L. and Radiata Pine (Pinus radiata D. Don.. Microbial respiration, dehydrogenase and acid phosphatase activities, counts of aerobic and amylolytic bacteria, actinomyces and fungi were determined in soil samples, while phosphorous was determines in leaves. The results showed important differences of these parameters for the different species considered in the study, differences that are explained by the different chemical composition of the vegetal species.

  12. Selection of Rice Genotypes for Salinity Tolerance Through Morpho-Biochemical Assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Md Nasim ALI; Bhaswati GHOSH; Saikat GANTAIT; SomsubhraCHAKRABORTY

    2014-01-01

    The present study reported the morpho-biochemical evaluation of 15 selected rice genotypes for salt tolerance at the seedling stage. Growth parameters including shoot length, root length, plant biomass, plant turgid weight, plant dry weight along with relative water content were measured after exposure to saline solution (with electrical conductivity value of 12 dS/m). Genotypes, showing significant differential responses towards salinity in the fields, were assessed through 14 salinity-linked morpho-biochemical attributes, measured at 14 d after exposure of seedling in saline nutrient solution. Relative water content, chlorophyll a/b, peroxidase activity and plant biomass were identified as potential indicators of salt tolerance. Principal component analysis and successive Hierarchical clustering using Euclidean distance revealed that Talmugur, Gheus, Ghunsi, Langalmura, Sabitapalui, and Sholerpona were promising genotypes for further breeding programmes in rice. The maximum Euclidean distance was plotted between Thavallakanan and Talmugur (7.49), followed by Thavallakanan and Langalmura (6.82), indicating these combinations may be exploited as parental lines in hybridization programmes to develop salinity tolerant variety.

  13. Haematological and biochemical parameters in Churra-da-Terra-Quente ewes from the northeast of Portugal Parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos de ovelhas da raça Churra da Terra Quente do nordeste de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.R. Dias

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Hematological and biochemical parameters, including plasma electrolytes and thyroid hormones, were determined in 73 clinically healthy Churra-da-Terra-Quente ewes, a typical breed from the northeast of Portugal. The hemogram values were: erythrocytes 9.8±1.5×10(12/L; haemoglobin 118.1±19.1g/L; haematocrit 40.8±5.9%; leukocytes 5.7±1.8×10(9/L; and platelets 544.3±177.2×10(9/L. The thrombin time was 17.3±1.7 seconds. The values of biochemical parameters were: total protein 76.4±6.1g/L; glucose 2.87±0.60mmol/L; total cholesterol 1.65±0.33mmol/L; aspartate aminotransferase 155.9±49.2U/L; alanine aminotransferase 23.2±9.6U/L; γ-glutamyl transferase 48.0±18.7U/L; total alkaline phosphatase 121.6±76.1U/L; glutamate dehydrogenase 6.4±3.7U/L; urea 7.32±2.22mmol/L; creatinine 123.0±54.1μmol/L; total calcium 2.53±0.25mmol/L; phosphorus 2.10±0.46mmol/L; magnesium 1.01±0.09mmol/L; sodium 152.04±3.65mmol/L; potassium 4.7±0.4mmol/L; ionized calcium 1.32±0.07mmol/L; total thyroxine 111.75±42.29nmol/L; total triiodothyronine 1.01±0.28nmol/L; free T4 11.93±1.78pmol/L; free T3 4.22±1.33pmol/L; and thyroid-stimulating hormone 0.18±0.19μIU/mL. Although differences among the Churra-da-Terra-Quente breed and other breeds may occur, the hematological and biochemical parameters, plasma electrolytes, and thyroid hormones, for this indigenous breed, were generally situated within the reference intervals previously reported for sheep.Os valores hematológicos e bioquímicos, incluindo os eletrólitos plasmáticos e os hormônios da tireoide, foram determinados em 73 ovelhas, clinicamente saudáveis, da raça Churra da Terra Quente, raça ovina característica do nordeste de Portugal. Os valores obtidos para o hemograma foram: eritrócitos 9,8±1,5×10(12 /L; hemoglobina 118,1±19,1g/L; hematócrito 40,8±5,9%; leucócitos 5,7±1,8×10(9 /L e plaquetas 544,3±177,2×10(9/L. O tempo de trombina foi de 17,3±1,7 segundos. Os valores dos par

  14. 复合酵母培养物对奶牛产奶性能、氮排放及血液生化指标的影响%Milk production,nitrogen excretion and blood biochemical parameter responses to di-etary addition of compound yeast cultures in dairy cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲; 吕永艳; 程志伟; 杜高唐; 李金林; 付石军; 孙国强

    2015-01-01

    为研究饲料中添加复合酵母培养物对奶牛产奶性能、氮排放及血液生化指标的影响,选取年龄、体重、产奶量及泌乳期相近(135±15)d 的荷斯坦奶牛24头,随机分为4组,每个处理6个重复,对照组和3个试验组的复合酵母培养物添加量分别为精料浓度的0,0.8%,1.0%,1.2%,随精料饲喂,测定产奶量、乳成分、氮排放及血液生化指标,结果表明,1)试验2组日均产奶量显著高于对照组(P <0.05),各试验组分别比对照组提高8.48%,10.05%,8.97%。2)复合酵母培养物能显著提高乳脂和乳蛋白率(P <0.05),显著降低牛奶体细胞数(P <0.05),以试验2组最低。3)在氮排放量上,试验2组显著低于对照组(P <0.05),各试验组比对照组分别降低8.47%,12.01%,9.36%。4)在血液生化指标方面,复合酵母培养物能提高血清中总蛋白、球蛋白、血糖、胰岛素水平(P <0.05),降低尿素氮水平(P <0.05)。由此可见,本试验条件下,综合考虑产奶量、乳成分、氮排放及血液生化指标,复合酵母培养物的最佳添加量为精料浓度的1.0%。%This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of compound yeast cultures on the milk pro-duction,nitrogen excretion and blood biochemical parameters of dairy cows.A total of 24 Holstein lactating cows with similar parity,weight,milk yield and lactation stage (135±15 day in milk)were equally assigned to four groups,including one control group and 3 treatment groups,with dietary supplementation of compound yeast cultures at concentrations of 0,0.8%,1.0% and 1.2%,respectively.Milk yield,milk composition,ni-trogen excretion and blood biochemical parameters of each cow were recorded.The results showed:1 )The cows in the respective treatment groups had 8.48%,10.05%,8.97% higher daily milk yield than cows in the control

  15. Robustness analysis of stochastic biochemical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceska, Milan; Safránek, David; Dražan, Sven; Brim, Luboš

    2014-01-01

    We propose a new framework for rigorous robustness analysis of stochastic biochemical systems that is based on probabilistic model checking techniques. We adapt the general definition of robustness introduced by Kitano to the class of stochastic systems modelled as continuous time Markov Chains in order to extensively analyse and compare robustness of biological models with uncertain parameters. The framework utilises novel computational methods that enable to effectively evaluate the robustness of models with respect to quantitative temporal properties and parameters such as reaction rate constants and initial conditions. We have applied the framework to gene regulation as an example of a central biological mechanism where intrinsic and extrinsic stochasticity plays crucial role due to low numbers of DNA and RNA molecules. Using our methods we have obtained a comprehensive and precise analysis of stochastic dynamics under parameter uncertainty. Furthermore, we apply our framework to compare several variants of two-component signalling networks from the perspective of robustness with respect to intrinsic noise caused by low populations of signalling components. We have successfully extended previous studies performed on deterministic models (ODE) and showed that stochasticity may significantly affect obtained predictions. Our case studies demonstrate that the framework can provide deeper insight into the role of key parameters in maintaining the system functionality and thus it significantly contributes to formal methods in computational systems biology.

  16. The effect of one session of supragingival plaque control on clinical and biochemical parameters of chronic periodontitis Efeito de uma única sessão de controle de placa supragengival nos parâmetros clínicos e bioquímicos da periodontite crônica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érica Del Peloso Ribeiro

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Supragingival plaque control is a requisite for the success of any periodontal procedure. However, little is know about the effect of this procedure alone on periodontitis. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of supragingival plaque control on clinical and biochemical parameters of chronic periodontitis. Twenty-five subjects exhibiting at least 4 pockets > 5mm, non-smokers and with no relevant systemic diseases, were selected for the study. The clinical and biochemical assessments were done before and 21 days after removal of plaque retentive factors, extraction of affected teeth and instruction in oral hygiene. The statistical analysis was done with the Student paired t-test (pO objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do controle de placa supragengival sobre os parâmetros clínicos e bioquímicos da periodontite crônica. Foram selecionados 25 pacientes apresentando pelo menos 4 sítios com profundidade de sondagem > 5 mm, não fumantes e sem alterações sistêmicas relevantes. A avaliação clínica e bioquímica foi feita antes e 21 dias após a remoção dos fatores retentivos de placa, exodontia dos dentes condenados e instrução de higiene bucal. A análise estatística foi feita através do teste t de Student pareado (p<0,05 e demonstrou redução da porcentagem de sítios com sangramento à sondagem de 42,72 ± 15,83 para 35,87 ± 13,30 (p=0,002. Redução na profundidade de sondagem foi observada nos dentes anteriores (média inicial/final: 2,88 mm/2,78 mm; p=0,01 e faces interproximais (média inicial/final: 3,80 mm/3,65 mm; p=0,001. Houve aumento de 66,81% para 68,65% (p=0,03 no número de sítios com profundidade de sondagem de 1 a 3 mm e redução de 26,21% para 24,17% (p=0,04 nos de 4 a 6 mm. O valor do BAPNA apresentou redução de 51,44 ± 20,78 para 38,64 ± 12,34 (p=0,04. Baseado nesses achados pôde-se concluir que o controle de placa supragengival tem efeitos benéficos, principalmente relacionados à redu

  17. Valores de referência de parâmetros bioquímicos no sangue de duas linhagens de camundongos Reference values for blood-based biochemical parameters in BALB/C and C57BL/6 wild-type mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Silva Almeida

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Conhecer os parâmetros bioquímicos individuais de animais de laboratório utilizados na experimentação é importante, pois eles servirão como parâmetros para avaliar alterações funcionais em órgãos e como base para estabelecer valores de referência. OBJETIVO:Estabelecer valores de referência bioquímicos do sangue em camundongos das linhagens BALB/c e C57BL/6 selvagens do Biotério da Disciplina de Biologia Celular da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM. Materiais e métodos: Foram utilizados 30 camundongos (BALB/c e C57BL/6 selvagem. Os exames realizados foram glicose, triglicérides, colesterol, proteínas totais, albumina, amilase, ácido úrico, uréia, fosfatase alcalina (kits Wiener, e as determinações foram realizadas no equipamento BIOPLUS-2000. RESULTADOS:Entre os nove analitos observou-se que quatro (albumina, glicose, proteínas totais e colesterol apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as linhagens. Padronizamos como valores de referência para os camundongos os valores do intervalo de confiança (IC. Nos analitos em que houve diferença significativa entre as linhagens (p INTRODUCTION: Identifying individual biochemical parameters of laboratory animal species is important inasmuch as they may be used in the evaluation of functional changes in organs and in the establishment of reference values. OBJECTIVE: To establish biochemical reference values for blood tests in BALB/c and C57BL/6 wild-type mice from the Vivarium of the Department of Cellular Biology at the Federal University of "Triângulo Mineiro". MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty wild-type mice of the lineages BALB/c and C57BL/6 were used to evaluate the serum levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, amylase, uric acid, urea and alkaline phosphatase. The determinations were performed in a BIOPLUS-2000 analyzer. Results: Four out of the nine analytes (albumin, glucose, total proteins and

  18. Operative Links

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wistoft, Karen; Højlund, Holger

    2012-01-01

    educational approaches. Methods: Mixed qualitative design: survey based on telephone interviews with health managers (n=72), personal and focus group interviews with health professionals (n=84) and pupils (n=108) from 18 school classes, and comparative case studies in five selected municipalities of various...... educational goals, learning content, or value clarification. Health pedagogy is often a matter of retrospective rationalization rather than the starting point of planning. Health and risk behaviour approaches override health educational approaches. Conclusions: Operational links between health education...

  19. Parâmetros de bioquímica sérica de machos, fêmeas e filhotes de Araras canindé (Ara ararauna saudáveis mantidas em cativeiro comercial Serum biochemical parameters of healthy male, female and young blue-and-yellow macaws (Ara ararauna bred in captivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella de Faria Valle

    2008-06-01

    , totaling nearly 80 species. The blue-and-yellow macaw (Ara ararauna, the most representative species of the Psittaciformes order, lives in the forest areas of different Brazilian regions. IBAMA, Brazilian environmental protection agency, has authorized the trade of wild animals raised in breeding facilities; consequently, their use as household pets has increased ever since. Currently, too little is known about clinical and laboratory parameters of wild species bred in captivity. The aim of the present study was to determine the serum biochemical parameters of healthy blue-and-yellow macaws (Ara ararauna of different sexes and ages reared in a commercial breeding facility under controlled and standardized feeding and management practices. Blood samples were collected from 35 blue-and-yellow macaws (11 fledglings and 24 adults and sent to the Laboratory of Veterinary Clinical Pathology of Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF for measurement of the following biochemical parameters: uric acid (UA, albumin (Alb, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, calcium (Ca, cholesterol (Chol, creatine kinase (CK, alkaline phosphatase (AP, inorganic phosphorus (iP, fructosamine (Fru, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT, total protein (TP and urea nitrogen (Ur. There were significant differences among adult macaws with regard to CK levels (higher in males and to Ca and UA levels (higher in females. Differences were noted among adults and fledglings with respect to UA, Ca, Alb, Chol, AP, iP and Fru. Most of the findings can be ascribed to the different feeding regimens and ages of the birds analyzed. The data obtained herein can be used as reference parameters for Brazilian blue-and-yellow macaws.

  20. On Biochemical Formation of Salt Deposits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A water/salt system in an evaporative environment is both a physicochemical region and a biological one. All the parameters of the system, such as the salinity, temperature and CO2 partial pressure, are affected by halophilic bacteria. The system controls salt deposition but is modified by an accompanying ecological system; therefore it should be called a water/salt/biological system. Salt minerals result from accumulation of the remains of bacteria/algae, namely, bacteria/algae formation; whereas biological, biophysical and biochemical processes provide full evidence for organic involvement. Consequently, salt deposits should not be called purely chemical but biological/chemical ones. This new argument supplements and develops the traditional idea and helps perfect the mineralization theory of salts and even general deposits, thus giving guidance to prospecting for salt deposits.

  1. Transcription fluctuation effects on biochemical oscillations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryota Nishino

    Full Text Available Some biochemical systems show oscillation. They often consist of feedback loops with repressive transcription regulation. Such biochemical systems have distinctive characteristics in comparison with ordinary chemical systems: i numbers of molecules involved are small, ii there are typically only a couple of genes in a cell with a finite regulation time. Due to the fluctuations caused by these features, the system behavior can be quite different from the one by deterministic rate equations, because the rate equations ignore molecular fluctuations and thus are exact only in the infinite molecular number limit. The molecular fluctuations on a free-running circadian system have been studied by Gonze et al. (2002 by introducing a scale parameter [Formula: see text] for the system size. They consider, however, only the first effect, assuming that the gene process is fast enough for the second effect to be ignored, but this has not been examined systematically yet. Here we study fluctuation effects due to the finite gene regulation time by introducing a new scale parameter [Formula: see text], which we take as the unbinding time of a nuclear protein from the gene. We focus on the case where the fluctuations due to small molecular numbers are negligible. In simulations on the same system studied by Gonze et al., we find the system is unexpectedly sensitive to the fluctuation in the transcription regulation; the period of oscillation fluctuates about 30 min even when the regulation time scale [Formula: see text] is around 30 s, that is even smaller than 1/1000 of its circadian period. We also demonstrate that the distribution width for the oscillation period and amplitude scales with [Formula: see text], and the correlation time scales with [Formula: see text] in the small [Formula: see text] regime. The relative fluctuations for the period are about half of that for the amplitude, namely, the periodicity is more stable than the amplitude.

  2. An efficient finite-difference strategy for sensitivity analysis of stochastic models of biochemical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morshed, Monjur; Ingalls, Brian; Ilie, Silvana

    2017-01-01

    Sensitivity analysis characterizes the dependence of a model's behaviour on system parameters. It is a critical tool in the formulation, characterization, and verification of models of biochemical reaction networks, for which confident estimates of parameter values are often lacking. In this paper, we propose a novel method for sensitivity analysis of discrete stochastic models of biochemical reaction systems whose dynamics occur over a range of timescales. This method combines finite-difference approximations and adaptive tau-leaping strategies to efficiently estimate parametric sensitivities for stiff stochastic biochemical kinetics models, with negligible loss in accuracy compared with previously published approaches. We analyze several models of interest to illustrate the advantages of our method.

  3. "Conjectural" links in complex networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snarskii, A. A.; Zorinets, D. I.; Lande, D. V.

    2016-11-01

    This paper introduces the concept of Conjectural Link for Complex Networks, in particular, social networks. Conjectural Link we understand as an implicit link, not available in the network, but supposed to be present, based on the characteristics of its topology. It is possible, for example, when in the formal description of the network some connections are skipped due to errors, deliberately hidden or withdrawn (e.g. in the case of partial destruction of the network). Introduced a parameter that allows ranking the Conjectural Link. The more this parameter - the more likely that this connection should be present in the network. This paper presents a method of recovery of partially destroyed Complex Networks using Conjectural Links finding. Presented two methods of finding the node pairs that are not linked directly to one another, but have a great possibility of Conjectural Link communication among themselves: a method based on the determination of the resistance between two nodes, and method based on the computation of the lengths of routes between two nodes. Several examples of real networks are reviewed and performed a comparison to know network links prediction methods, not intended to find the missing links in already formed networks.

  4. Effects of Different Proportions of Grass hay and Corn Silage on Lactation Performance and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Laoshan Dairy Goats%不同比例青干草与青贮玉米对崂山奶山羊泌乳性能和血清生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永臻; 苗福泓; 杨国锋; 程明; 袁力; 孙娟

    2016-01-01

    This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different proportions of grass hay and corn silage on lactation performance and serum biochemical parameters of Laoshan dairy goats. Twenty parous (2 times) Laoshan dairy goats in lactation with a milk yield of (1.65±0.05) kg/d were used and randomly di-vided into 4 groups with 5 goats per group. The proportions of grass hay and corn silage in roughages of differ-ent groups were 8∶2 ( group Ⅰ) , 6∶4 ( group Ⅱ) , 4∶6 ( group Ⅲ) and 2∶8 ( group Ⅳ) , respectively. The pretest period and test period lasted for 7 and 60 d, respectively. The results showed as follows:1) milk yield, dry matter intake and feed to milk ratio in different groups had no significant differences ( P>0.05) . There was no significant difference in milk fat content on days 0, 20 and 40 (P>0.05), but group Ⅱ was significantly higher than group Ⅲ on day 60 ( P0.05)。乳脂含量在第0天、第20天、第40天无显著差异( P>0.05),第60天试验Ⅱ组显著高于试验Ⅲ组( P<0.05)。试验Ⅱ组的乳蛋白含量平均值显著高于其他各组( P<0.05)。试验Ⅱ组和试验Ⅳ组的血清葡萄糖含量均显著高于试验Ⅰ组( P<0.05),试验Ⅱ组的血清胆固醇含量为最低值,且显著低于试验Ⅲ组( P<0.05)。综合得出,崂山奶山羊粗饲料青干草与青贮玉米以6∶4组合效果最好,乳脂、乳蛋白、乳糖等营养物质含量相对较高,血清中胆固醇含量相对较低。

  5. Hematological, biochemical and ruminant parameters for diagnosis of left displacement of the abomasum in dairy cows from Southern Brazil Indicadores hematológicos, bioquímicos e ruminais no diagnóstico do deslocamento de abomaso à esquerda em vacas leiteiras do Sul do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Cardoso de Cardoso

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate hematological, biochemical and ruminant parameters for diagnosis and treatment of the left displaced abomasum (LDA in dairy cows, in the Plateau Region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ruminant fluid, blood and urine samples were collected from 20 cows suffering LDA and from 20 healthy cows (control. The cows with LDA showed lower values of daily milk production, body weight and corporal condition score. The use of pH reagent strips showed to be functional in the field, when compared to a digital pH meter. Ruminant dynamics was damaged in cows affected by LDA, as it was evidenced by the higher reduction time of methylene blue. Serum values of lactate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, urea, albumin, free fatty acids and cholesterol shows to be auxiliary tools in the LDA characterization.O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar indicadores hematológicos, bioquímicos e ruminais no diagnóstico e tratamento do deslocamento de abomaso à esquerda (DAE em vacas leiteiras, na Região do Planalto do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foram coletadas amostras de líquido ruminal, sangue e urina de 40 animais, dos quais 20 vacas com DAE e 20 vacas clinicamente sadias utilizadas como grupo controle. Os animais com DAE, quando comparados ao grupo controle, apresentaram diminuição da produção de leite diária, do peso corporal e do escore condição corporal. A utilização de fitas reagentes para medição do pH ruminal demonstrou-se eficaz em campo, em comparação ao potenciômetro digital. A dinâmica ruminal apresentou-se prejudicada nos animais com DAE, o que foi evidenciado pelos valores aumentados do tempo de redução de azul de metileno. Os valores séricos de lactato, beta-hidroxibutirato, uréia, albumina, ácidos graxos livres e colesterol apresentam-se como ferramentas auxiliares na caracterização da doença.

  6. Effects of Citrus Pomace on Growth Performance and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Sichuan White Geese at 1 to 21 Days of Age%柑橘皮渣对1~21日龄四川白鹅生长性能及血清生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志鹏; 王文策; 叶慧; 林祯平; 杨琳

    2015-01-01

    This experiment was conducted to study the effects of citrus pomace on growth performance and ser-um biochemical parameters of Sichuan white geese at 1 to 21 days of age. A total of 828 one-day-old Sichuan white geese were distributed into one-factor experiment for 6 groups with 6 replicates and 23 ducks per repli-cate. Six corn-soybean meal type diets were perpared with the similar metabolizable energy, crude protein and acid amino, and the citrus pomace level in those diets was 0 ( control group) , 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10%, respectively. The experment lasted for 21 days. The results showed as follows:1) the feed/gain of 8% group was significantly lower than that of the control group, the final weight and average daily gain showed a firstly increased and then decreased tendency. 2) Compared with the control group, the serum high-density lipopro-tein content of 8% group was significantly improved (P0.05). In conclusion, 6% citrus pomace added in the diet can improve the growth performance of Sichuan white geese at 1 to 21 days of age.%本试验旨在探索柑橘皮渣对1~21日龄四川白鹅生长性能及血清生化指标的影响。选用828只1日龄四川白鹅,用单因子试验设计,随机分成6组,每个组6个重复,每个重复23只鹅。各组分别饲喂含柑橘皮渣0(对照组)、2%、4%、6%、8%和10%的等代谢能、等粗蛋白质、等氨基酸的玉米-豆粕型饲粮。试验期21 d。结果表明:1)6%组料重比显著低于对照组(P0.05)。由此可见,饲粮柑橘皮渣添加量为6%时,对1~21日龄四川白鹅生产性能有较好的促进作用。

  7. Associative learning in biochemical networks

    OpenAIRE

    Ghandi, Nikhil; Ashkenasy, Gonen; Tannenbaum, Emmanuel

    2007-01-01

    We develop a simple, chemostat-based model illustrating how a process analogous to associative learning can occur in a biochemical network. Associative learning is a form of learning whereby a system "learns" to associate two stimuli with one another. In our model, two types of replicating molecules, denoted A and B, are present in some initial concentration in the chemostat. Molecules A and B are stimulated to replicate by some growth factors, denoted GA and GB, respectively. It is also assu...

  8. Biochemical markers of bone turnover

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Deog Yoon [College of Medicine, Kyunghee Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-08-01

    Biochemical markers of bone turnover has received increasing attention over the past few years, because of the need for sensitivity and specific tool in the clinical investigation of osteoporosis. Bone markers should be unique to bone, reflect changes of bone less, and should be correlated with radiocalcium kinetics, histomorphometry, or changes in bone mass. The markers also should be useful in monitoring treatment efficacy. Although no bone marker has been established to meet all these criteria, currently osteocalcin and pyridinium crosslinks are the most efficient markers to assess the level of bone turnover in the menopausal and senile osteoporosis. Recently, N-terminal telopeptide (NTX), C-terminal telopeptide (CTX) and bone specific alkaline phosphatase are considered as new valid markers of bone turnover. Recent data suggest that CTX and free deoxypyridinoline could predict the subsequent risk of hip fracture of elderly women. Treatment of postmenopausal women with estrogen, calcitonin and bisphosphonates demonstrated rapid decrease of the levels of bone markers that correlated with the long-term increase of bone mass. Factors such as circadian rhythms, diet, age, sex, bone mass and renal function affect the results of biochemical markers and should be appropriately adjusted whenever possible. Each biochemical markers of bone turnover may have its own specific advantages and limitations. Recent advances in research will provide more sensitive and specific assays.

  9. 平行连杆式操作机悬挂系统刚度与阻尼参数研究%Study on Stiffness and Damping Parameters of Parallel Link-Manipulator’s Suspension System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓波; 刘艳妍; 杨晋; 高俊峰

    2016-01-01

    为合理设计操作机悬挂系统的缓冲装置以减小惯性冲击的影响,针对平行连杆式锻造操作机,简化了设备模型,分析了制动工况下悬挂系统各杆件的受力状态和运动规律,并利用牛顿欧拉法综合各杆件的动力学分析,建立了悬挂系统在制动时的动力学模型,提出了缓冲装置刚度及阻尼参数确定的思路。以300 kN锻造操作机为例,在MATLAB中求解操作机悬挂系统动力学微分方程,分析了缓冲刚度、阻尼对吊杆摆角、钳杆质心运动规律的影响。结果表明,利用牛顿欧拉法建立模型确定缓冲刚度与阻尼参数的方法是可行的与合理的,从而为平行连杆式操作机悬挂系统缓冲装置的刚度与阻尼设计提供了理论依据。%In order to design a buffer device of forging manipulator’s suspension system rationally to reduce the influences of inertial impacts,aiming at the parallel style forging manipulators,the model of forging manipulator was simplified,the stress states and the motion laws of rods in the sus-pension system under the braking conditions were analyzed.By using Newton-Eular rule with dynamic analysis of the rods,the suspension system’s dynamics model under braking conditions was construc-ted and the method of determining parameters such as buffer device’s stiffness and damping was pro-posed.Using a 300 kN forging manipulator as an example,the dynamics differential equation of the manipulator’s suspension system was solved with MATLAB to analyze the buffering stiffness and damping’s influences on the hanging bar’s swing angle and the motion of clamping bar’s centroid posi-tion.The results indicate the feasibility and rationality of determining buffering stiffness and damping using the model constructed with Newton-Eular rule and provide theoretical basis for the stiffness and damping design of the parallel link-manipulator’s suspension system.

  10. Effect of dietary cation-anion balance on lactating performance and blood biochemical parameters of perinatal dairy cows%不同阴阳离子水平日粮对围产期奶牛泌乳性能和血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭冬生; 彭小兰; 龚群辉

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the effect of dietary cation-anion balance (DCAB) on lactating performance and blood biochemical parameters in perinatal dairy cows, twenty Holstein lactating cows were divided into 4 experimental groups ran- domly , with 5 replicates per group, and the cows were fed with the diets containing four levels of DCAB, 50.80 mmol/kg, -46.91 mmol/kg, -128.45 mmol/kg, and -213.44 mmol/kg respectively. The daily milk yield, percentages of milk fat and protein, feed intake, the urinary pH value, the ionic concentration of serum and blood biochemical parameters were determined. The result showed that the milk production of experimental group Ⅱ ( -128.45mmol/kg) was increased by 13.4% (P<0.05), the blood serum Ca2+ concentration was increased by 12.9% (P<0. 05), the blood serum hydroxyproline ( HYP) concentration was increased by 12. 0% (P<0. 01) ,the blood serum alkaline phos-phatase (ALP) concentration was increased by 26. 9% (P<0.01) ,the blood serum bone gla protein (BGP) concentration was increased by 9.2% (P<0. 05), the blood serum parathyroid gland (PTH) concentration was decreased by 20. 54% (P< 0. 01) ,and the blood serum calcitonin (CT) concentration was increased by 27. 72% (P<0.01), compared with the control group (50.80 mmol/kg). The experiment demonstrated that when prepartum diets were supplemented with anionic salts, the feed intake and the urinary pH value of cows decreased, the milk production, the blood serum Ca2+ concentration and the blood serum CT concentration increased, the blood serum HYP, ALP and BGP concentration elevated, and the blood serum craetinephosphokinase (CK) and alanine transaminase (ALT) concentration droped.%为了研究阴离子盐对围产期奶牛产奶性能和血液生化指标的影响,选取20头中国荷斯坦奶牛,随机分成4组,每组5头,分别饲喂日粮阴阳离子平衡(DCAB)值为50.80mmol/kg、-46.91mmol/kg、-128.45mmol/kg、-213.44mmol/kg的日粮,测定动物采食量、尿液pH值、产奶量

  11. 长期饲喂高精料日粮对泌乳期山羊血液生化参数及组织中糖代谢相关基因表达的影响%Effect of long-term feeding of high concentrate diet on plasma biochemical parameters and expression of genes involved in glucose metabolism in lactating goats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董海波; 赵茹茜; 王绍庆; 贾媛媛; 端木永前; 陶诗煜; 倪迎冬; 张源淑; 庄苏; 沈向真

    2014-01-01

    为了研究长期饲喂高精料日粮对泌乳期山羊血液生化指标和糖代谢的影响,选择8只安装永久性瘤胃瘘管的健康经产泌乳中期山羊,分别饲喂精粗比为40∶60(low concentrate,LC,n=4)和60∶40(high concentrate, HC,n=4)的日粮。实验期共8周,实验期间采集瘤胃液,血液;实验结束时采集肝脏,肌肉,脂肪组织置于液氮速冻后于-70℃保存待测。结果显示,饲喂高精料日粮2周后山羊瘤胃液pH 显著降低,采食后瘤胃液pH 持续低于5.8超过3 h,8周后瘤胃液pH 升高维持在6.0以上,但仍低于LC组山羊。与LC组山羊相比较,HC组山羊血液中葡萄糖、游离脂肪酸含量均升高(P<0.05,P=0.071),谷草转氨酶含量有上升的趋势(0.05<P<0.1);HC组肝脏中葡萄糖转运蛋白4(Glut4)mRNA 表达有上升的趋势(P=0.06),脂肪和肌肉中丙酮酸羧化酶(PC)、线粒体型磷酸烯醇式丙酮酸羧激酶(PCK2)均呈上升趋势(P=0.066,P=0.069)。长期饲喂高精料日粮引起泌乳山羊能量代谢异常,并伴随血液代谢异常及组织糖代谢基因表达的变化。%In order to investigate the effect of feeding high concentrate diets for a long-term on plasma biochemi-cal parameters and expression of genes involved in glucose metabolism in different tissues,8 healthy multipa-rous goats in mid-lactation were rumen-cannulated in and were randomly allocated to two groups,one receiving a diet with low concentrate (LC,concentrate∶roughage,%= 40∶60)as the LC group (n= 4),and another receiving high concentrate diet (HC,concentrate∶roughage,%= 60∶40)as the HC group (n= 4).The ex-periment lasted for 8 weeks.At the end of experiment,tissues including liver,muscle and fat were sampled and immediately immersed in liquid nitrogen and then stored at -70℃for later gene expression analysis.After feeding the high-concentrate diet for 2

  12. Effects of Lactobacilli and Bursin on Growth Performance, Slaughter Performance, Meat Quality and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Broiler%乳酸杆菌和囊素三肽对肉鸡生长性能、屠宰性能、肉质和血清生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾东; 李涛; 倪学勤; 彭芝榕; 沈雪娇; 易丹

    2014-01-01

    This test was conducted to study the effects of the Lactobacilli and bursin on growth performance, slaughter performance, meat quality and serum biochemical parameters of broilers by adding Lactobacilli prepa-ration in a basal diet or intramuscular injection bursin.One hundred and eighty 1-day-old Cobb broilers were randomly divided into 4 groups with 3 replicates in each group and 15 broilers per replicate.The broilers in group I were fed the basal diet, those in group Ⅱ were fed the basal diet and injected bursin ( 0.01 mg/kg BW) , those in group Ⅲwere fed the basal diet+0.1%Lactobacilli preparation, and those in group Ⅳ were fed the basal diet+0.1%Lactobacilli preparation, and injected bursin ( 0.01 mg/kg BW) .The test lasted for 42 d.The results showed as follows: 1 ) the average daily feed intake in groups Ⅱ and Ⅳ was significantly higher than that in groupsⅠ and Ⅲ ( P0.05).2) The semi-eviscerated rate in group Ⅱ was significantly higher than that in groupⅠ (P0.05) .3) The meat color in groupsⅡandⅢwas much bet-ter than that in groupsⅠandⅣ, but the pH was no significant difference among groups ( P>0.05) .The drip loss in groupsⅡandⅣwas significantly higher than that in groupsⅠandⅢ( P<0.01) , and the shear force in groups Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳwas significantly lower than that in groupⅠ (P<0.01).4) The surem total protein and albumin contents in groupⅢwere significantly higher than those in groupⅠ( P<0.05) and the surem tri-glyceride content in groups Ⅲ and Ⅳ was significantly lower than that in groupⅠ( P<0.05) .The composite indicators show that Lactobacilli and bursin can improve the growth performance and slaughter performance of broilers to a certain extent, and can significantly improve meat quality and serum biochemical parameters of broilers; furthermore, the combination effect of Lactobacilli and bursin is not superior to single use.%本试验通过在基础饲粮中添加乳酸杆菌制剂或肌肉注射囊素三

  13. A clinical study on changes of bone biochemical parameters and bone mineral density in hyperthyroidism patients before and after treatment%甲亢患者治疗前后骨生化指标和骨密度变化的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王朝迅; 陈小盼

    2011-01-01

    Aim To study the changes of biochemical parameters,bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with hyperthyroidism before and one year after treatment for better understanding of abnormal hyperthyroidism-related bone metabolism. Methods Bone biochemical parameters such as serum calcium(Ca),phosphate(P),alkaline phosphatase (ALP),calcium and phosphate in the urine for 24 hours(UC a and UP),and BMD for 136 patients with hyperthyroicdism were examined and analysed before and one year after the treatments with either antithyroid drug (ATD)or plus vitamin D3 or active vitamin D [1 ,25-(OH) 2D3] and calcium supplement. Results Compared to normal patients,blood FT3,FT4,ALP,and 24-hour UCa were higher[(13.33±3.76) vs. (4.94±1.21) pmol/L, (39.43±9.84) vs. (15.00±2.82) pmol/L, ( 137.57±23.04) vs. (85.37±ll.75)IU/L,and (325.46±36.10) vs. (195.67±35.40)mg/24h respectively,P=0.000],while thyroidstimulating hormone(TSH) (0.12±0.08 vs. 2.50.41 ,P=0.000)and BMD(0.94±0. 11 vs.l.01±0.08 for males,P=0.006 and 0.93±0.05 vs. 0.96±0.07 for females,P=0.043) were markedly lower in the patients with hyperthyroidism and higher incidence rate of both osteopenia and osteoporusis (26.47% vs.5.97% and 22.79% vs.2.99% ,P<0.005). Aftera year of treatment the levels of blood ALP and 24-hour UCa in patients with hyperthyroidism were returned to normal (137.57±23.04 vs. 90.13±14.20 IU/L and 325.46±36.10 vs. 190.75±26.64mg/24h,P=0.000). Although BMD was higher in patients with hyperthyroidism than that before treatment,it was still lower(0.98±0.06 vs. 1.01±0.08 for males and 0.94±0.03 vs. 0.96±0.07 for females,P>0.05)than that in the normal.There were,to varied extent,reduced in the incidence rate of both osteopenia and osteoporosis (26.47% vs.16.91% ,P>0.005 and 22.79% vs.13.24% ,P<0.005). Further analysis found that the effects of treatment with addictive vitamin D3 or 1,25-(OH) 2D3 and calcium supplement were better than that with routine ATD(P<0

  14. 瘤胃保护胆碱对围产期高产奶牛产奶性能和血液生化指标的影响%Effect of Rumen-protected Choline on Milk Performances and Blood Biochemical Parameters of High Productive Periparturient Dairy Cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和立文; 孟庆翔; 王新宇; 刘辉; 李辉; 任丽萍

    2013-01-01

    This experiment was conducted to study the effect of rumen-protected choline (RPC) supplementation on milk performances and blood biochemical parameters of high productive periparturient dairy cows.Forty-four healthy Holstein cows with similar parity,expected calving date and milk yield were blocked into 22 pairs and then randomly allocated to either one of 2 treatments.Both groups received the same basal diet.The treatment group was supplemented with 20 g/d rumen-protected choline per cow.Treatments were applied from 2 wk before until 4 wk after calving,during which milk performances and blood biochemical parameters were investigated,respectively.The results showed that the average daily milk yield of the fourth week after calving increased by 2.31% (P>0.05).Lactose percentage decreased by 3.75% (P<0.05) and milk fat percentage,milk protein percentage,(milk fat)/(milk protein) and dry matter percentage increased by 11.11%,5.56%,6.38% and 2.94% without significant difference (P>0.05),respectively.There were no significant difference (P>0.05) on the content of both plasma triglyceride (TG) and β-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA) between treatments on the time-point of calving,day 7 poscalving and day 14 postcalving,but the contents of plasma TG and BHBA of treatment group were apparently lower than the control.These results indicated that under the condition of this experiment RPC supplementation for high productive periparturient dairy cows could increase milk yield,improve milk quality and fat metabolism,relieve negative energy balance and reduce the risk of fat deposition in the liver.%为探究补充瘤胃保护胆碱(rumen-protected choline,RPC)对围产期高产奶牛产奶性能和血液生化指标的影响,试验选取44头健康的荷斯坦高产奶牛,按胎次、预产期、上一胎次产奶量等基本一致原则分为试验组和对照组,每组22头,饲喂相同基础日粮,试验组牛群补充20g/(d·头)的RPC.试验期内(产前14

  15. 不同组合益生菌对0~8周龄犊牛生长性能及血清生化指标的影响%Effects of Different Combinations of Probiotics on Growth Performance and Serum Biochemical Parameters in Dairy Calves Aged from 0 to 8 Weeks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符运勤; 刁其玉; 屠焰; 王建红; 许先查

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the effects of different combinations of probiotics on growth performance and serum biochemical parameters in preruminant Chinese Holstein calves. Twenty-four newborn Holstein calves were randomly divided into 4 groups with 3 males and 3 females in each group. Calves were offered a basal diet including milk replacer, starter diet and Chinese wildrye (control diet, group A) , a basal diet supplemented with Bacillus licheniformis (group B) , a basal diet supplemented with Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus subti-lis (group C) , and a basal diet supplemented with Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum (group D) , respectively. The ratio of each microbial strain for group C and group D was 1:1 and 1:1:1 in the bacterial counts, respectively. Each calf was offered 2 ?1010 CFU of probiotics per day. The total trial period was 8 weeks, and divided into 0-2, 2-4, 4-6 and 6-8 weeks for each period. Body weight and body measurement were recorded and blood samples were collected fortnightly, feed intake and fecal score were recorded every day. The results showed that in the trial of 0-8 weeks, average daily gain of calves in the group B was significantly higher than that in the group A (P 0. 05 ). At the end of the trial, body structure index in groups B and D was higher than that in the group A (P 0. 05). It is concluded that adding Bacillus licheniformis into the diet for calves can increase average daily gain of calves in the trial of 0-8 weeks and body structure index at the end of the trial, and adding Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum into the diet for calves can increase body structure index at the end of the trial. However, adding probiotics into the diet for calves has no effect on serum biochemical parameters of animals.%本试验旨在研究益生菌对犊牛生长性能和血清生化指标的影响.选取24头新生荷斯坦犊牛,随机分为4组,每组公母各1/2,分别饲

  16. Biological and biochemical properties in evaluation of forest soil quality

    OpenAIRE

    Błońska Ewa; Lasota Jarosław

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the possibility of using biological and biochemical parameters in the evaluation of forest soil quality and changes caused by land use. The study attempted to determine a relationship between the enzymatic activity of soil, the number of earthworms and soil physico-chemical properties. The study was carried out in central Poland in adjoining Forest Districts (Przedbórz and Smardzewice). In soil samples taken from 12 research plots, basic physico-chemical pr...

  17. Biological and biochemical properties in evaluation of forest soil quality

    OpenAIRE

    Błońska, Ewa; Lasota, Jarosław

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the possibility of using biological and biochemical parameters in the evaluation of forest soil quality and changes caused by land use. The study attempted to determine a relationship between the enzymatic activity of soil, the number of earthworms and soil physico-chemical properties. The study was carried out in central Poland in adjoining Forest Districts (Przedbórz and Smardzewice). In soil samples taken from 12 research plots, basic physico-chem...

  18. Biochemical structure of Calendula officinalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korakhashvili, A; Kacharava, T; Kiknavelidze, N

    2007-01-01

    Calendula officinalis is a well known medicinal herb. It is common knowledge that its medicinal properties are conditioned on biologically active complex substances of Carotin (Provitamin A), Stearin, Triterpiniod, Plavonoid, Kumarin, macro and micro compound elements. Because of constant need in raw material of Calendula officinalis, features of its ontogenetic development agro-biological qualities in various eco regions of Georgia were investigated. The data of biologically active compounds, biochemical structure and the maintenance both in flowers and in others parts of plant is presented; the pharmacological activity and importance in medicine was reviewed.

  19. Dancing links

    CERN Document Server

    Knuth, Donald E

    2009-01-01

    The author presents two tricks to accelerate depth-first search algorithms for a class of combinatorial puzzle problems, such as tiling a tray by a fixed set of polyominoes. The first trick is to implement each assumption of the search with reversible local operations on doubly linked lists. By this trick, every step of the search affects the data incrementally. The second trick is to add a ghost square that represents the identity of each polyomino. Thus puts the rule that each polyomino be used once on the same footing as the rule that each square be covered once. The coding simplifies to a more abstract form which is equivalent to 0-1 integer programming. More significantly for the total computation time, the search can naturally switch between placing a fixed polyomino or covering a fixed square at different stages, according to a combined heuristic. Finally the author reports excellent performance for his algorithm for some familiar puzzles. These include tiling a hexagon by 19 hexiamonds and the N queen...

  20. High-or Low-Nutrient Level Diets Affect Reproductive Performance, Body Composition and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Pregnant Huanjiang Mini-Pigs%高、低营养水平饲粮对妊娠环江香猪繁殖性能、体成分和血浆生化参数的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝倩; 姬玉娇; 李华伟; 郭秋平; 孔祥峰

    2016-01-01

    per pen were col⁃lected by cranial vena cava for analyzing biochemical parameters. After sacrificed by bloodletting, the sows were dissected. The fetus number was recorded, and the fetus weight and body composition of sows were deter⁃mined. The results showed that compared with the local⁃pig diet group, the reproductive performance and body composition of sows in NRC diet group were not significantly different ( P>0.05); the plasma glutamic⁃pyru⁃vic transaminase ( GPT) activity at 45 and 75 d of gestation and glutamic oxalacetic transaminase ( GOT) ac⁃tivity at 75 d of gestation in NRC diet group were significantly lower ( P<0.05); the plasma concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL⁃C) at 45 d, high density lipoprotein cholesterol ( HDL⁃C) and total cholesterol ( TC) at 75 d, triglyceride ( TG) during 45 to 110 d, as well as the plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of at 75 d of gestation in NRC diet group were significantly higher (P<0.05). In different pregnant periods, two diets presented different effects on the above⁃mentioned indices. These findings suggest that these two diets have no significant influences on the reproductive performance and body composition of pregnant Huanjiang mini⁃pigs;the NRC diet improves nutrient metabolism and promotes the growth and devel⁃opment, but presents adverse increasing fat deposition in body.

  1. SpringSaLaD: A Spatial, Particle-Based Biochemical Simulation Platform with Excluded Volume.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Paul J; Loew, Leslie M

    2016-02-02

    We introduce Springs, Sites, and Langevin Dynamics (SpringSaLaD), a comprehensive software platform for spatial, stochastic, particle-based modeling of biochemical systems. SpringSaLaD models biomolecules in a coarse-grained manner as a group of linked spherical sites with excluded volume. This mesoscopic approach bridges the gap between highly detailed molecular dynamics simulations and the various methods used to study network kinetics and diffusion at the cellular level. SpringSaLaD is a standalone tool that supports model building, simulation, visualization, and data analysis, all through a user-friendly graphical user interface that should make it more accessible than tools built into more comprehensive molecular dynamics infrastructures. Importantly, for bimolecular reactions we derive an exact expression relating the macroscopic on-rate to the various microscopic parameters with the inclusion of excluded volume; this makes SpringSaLaD more accurate than other tools, which rely on approximate relationships between these parameters.

  2. Biochemical aspects of Huntington's chorea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caraceni, T; Calderini, G; Consolazione, A; Riva, E; Algeri, S; Girotti, F; Spreafico, R; Branciforti, A; Dall'olio, A; Morselli, P L

    1977-01-01

    Fifteen patients affected by Huntington's chorea were divided into two groups, 'slow' and 'fast', according to IQ scores on the Wechsler-Bellevue scale, and scores on some motor performance tests. A possible correlation was looked for between some biochemical data (cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5HIAA) levels, plasma dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH), dopamine (DA) uptake by platelets), and clinical data (duration of illness, severity of symptoms, age of patients, IQ scores, 'slow' and 'fast' groups). The CSF, HVA, and 5HIAA levels were found to be significantly lowered in comparison with normal controls. DBH activity and DA uptake by platelets did not differ significantly from normal subjects. Treatment with haloperidol in all patients and with dipropylacetic acid in three patients did not appear to modify the CSF, HVA, and 5HIAA concentrations, the plasma DBH activity, or the DA uptake. There were no significant differences in the CSF, HVA, and 5HIAA contents between the two groups of patients, and there was no correlation between biochemical data and clinical features. PMID:143508

  3. Biochemical abnormalities in Pearson syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crippa, Beatrice Letizia; Leon, Eyby; Calhoun, Amy; Lowichik, Amy; Pasquali, Marzia; Longo, Nicola

    2015-03-01

    Pearson marrow-pancreas syndrome is a multisystem mitochondrial disorder characterized by bone marrow failure and pancreatic insufficiency. Children who survive the severe bone marrow dysfunction in childhood develop Kearns-Sayre syndrome later in life. Here we report on four new cases with this condition and define their biochemical abnormalities. Three out of four patients presented with failure to thrive, with most of them having normal development and head size. All patients had evidence of bone marrow involvement that spontaneously improved in three out of four patients. Unique findings in our patients were acute pancreatitis (one out of four), renal Fanconi syndrome (present in all patients, but symptomatic only in one), and an unusual organic aciduria with 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria in one patient. Biochemical analysis indicated low levels of plasma citrulline and arginine, despite low-normal ammonia levels. Regression analysis indicated a significant correlation between each intermediate of the urea cycle and the next, except between ornithine and citrulline. This suggested that the reaction catalyzed by ornithine transcarbamylase (that converts ornithine to citrulline) might not be very efficient in patients with Pearson syndrome. In view of low-normal ammonia levels, we hypothesize that ammonia and carbamylphosphate could be diverted from the urea cycle to the synthesis of nucleotides in patients with Pearson syndrome and possibly other mitochondrial disorders.

  4. Vector Encoding in Biochemical Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Garrett; Sun, Bo

    Encoding of environmental cues via biochemical signaling pathways is of vital importance in the transmission of information for cells in a network. The current literature assumes a single cell state is used to encode information, however, recent research suggests the optimal strategy utilizes a vector of cell states sampled at various time points. To elucidate the optimal sampling strategy for vector encoding, we take an information theoretic approach and determine the mutual information of the calcium signaling dynamics obtained from fibroblast cells perturbed with different concentrations of ATP. Specifically, we analyze the sampling strategies under the cases of fixed and non-fixed vector dimension as well as the efficiency of these strategies. Our results show that sampling with greater frequency is optimal in the case of non-fixed vector dimension but that, in general, a lower sampling frequency is best from both a fixed vector dimension and efficiency standpoint. Further, we find the use of a simple modified Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process as a model qualitatively captures many of our experimental results suggesting that sampling in biochemical networks is based on a few basic components.

  5. Determinación de precisión de la eritrosedimentación y su relación con otros parámetros hematológicos y bioquímicos en bóvidos - Determining the precision of the erythrosedimentation and its relation with other hematologic and biochemical parameters in bovines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paiva, Rafael

    2010-03-01

    precision of theerythrosedimentation and its behavior in front of other hematologicand/or biochemical parameters in samples of buffaloes and Caroracattle localized in the state of Mérida-Venezuela. Theerythrosedimentation was manually performed by using the methodsand procedures suggested for human beings (Wintrobe andWestergreen.The hemoglobin, the hematocrit and the number of leucocytes weredetermined by the use of the IDEXX Vetautoread™ HematologyAnalyzer. The fibrinogen concentration was determined by the use of aBio-Bas coagulometer. The concentration of triglycerides andcholesterol was obtained in a Spectronic Genesys 20. The dataobtained were processed by the statistical program Statistical Packagefor the Social Sciences version 10. Resulting the Wintrobe method inthe buffaloes, an F test (p<0, 05 as the coefficient of variation <5%; 2and the Westergreen method for the Carora cattle in the second hourof erythrosedimentation, an F test (p<0, 05 as the coefficient ofvariation <5%. It can be concluded that, the erythrosedimentationpresented precision by/in the Wintrobe method in buffaloes; meanwhilethe Westergreen method presented the precision in the second hour inthe Carora cattle. So that, we recommend that every locality determine the values of the erythrosedimentation depending/based onthe method and the bovine because the particular hematologic andbiochemical variations of each specie have influence on the precision of the method.

  6. 饲粮中添加甜菜碱对断奶仔猪生长性能和血清生化指标的影响%Effects of Betaine on Growth Performance and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Weaner Piglets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董冠; 杨维仁; 杨在宾; 姜淑贞; 张桂国; 郭凯

    2012-01-01

    本试验旨在研究饲粮中添加甜菜碱对断奶仔猪生长性能和血清生化指标的影响.选用体重(7.12±0.11)kg断奶后1周的“杜×长×大”仔猪160头,随机分为4组,每组4个重复,每个重复10头.对照组饲喂基础饲粮,试验组分别饲喂在基础饲粮上添加600、900、1 200 mg/kg甜菜碱的试验饲粮.试验期28 d.结果表明,饲粮中添加甜菜碱能够显著提高仔猪的平均日采食量和平均日增重(P<0.05),显著增加血清生长激素和胰岛素样生长因子Ⅰ的含量(P<0.05).600mg/kg甜菜碱显著降低了血清尿素氮和低密度脂蛋白含量(P<0.05).但饲粮中添加甜菜碱对血清中总蛋白、白蛋白、甘油三酯、胆固醇、高密度脂蛋白含量和代谢酶的活性无显著影响(P>0.05).由此可见,饲粮中添加甜菜碱可以提高断奶仔猪的生长性能,促进蛋白质的沉积和脂肪代谢,其中以添加量600 mg/kg效果最好.%This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary betaine on growth performance and serum biochemical parameters of weaner piglets. A total of 160 "Duroc x Yorkshire x Landrace" weaner piglets with an average body weight of(7.12±0.11) kg were randomly divided into 4 groups with 4 replicates per group and 10 piglets in each replicate. Piglets in control group were fed a basal diet, and the others in experimental groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with 600, 900 and 1 200 mg/kg betaine, respectively. The experiment lasted for 28 days. The results showed as follows: supplementation of betaine could significantly improve average daily feed intake and average daily gain (P 0. 05). In conclusion, supplementation of betaine can improve growth performance of weaner piglets, promote protein deposition and fat metabolism, and the optimum supplemental level of betaine is 600 mg/kg.

  7. Efeitos do aumento na sobrecarga de treinamento sobre parâmetros bioquímicos e hormonais em ratos Efectos del aumento de sobrecarga de entrenamiento sobre parámetros bioquímicos y hormonales en ratones Effects of increase of overload training on biochemical and hormonal parameters in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Vagner Thomatieli Santos

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Para o treinamento ser bem sucedido deve ser suficientemente intenso para provocar a quebra da homeostase, a adaptação e, por fim, a supercompensação. Todavia, condições de estresse excessivo induzido pelo exercício físico podem provocar efeitos indesejáveis. Este trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar se o aumento na sobrecarga de treinamento altera parâmetros hormonais e bioquímicos similares ao overreaching. Os animais foram divididos em três grupos: SED (animais sedentários, MOD (animais que treinaram de forma moderada durante seis semanas e grupo EXT (que treinaram de forma semelhante ao grupo MOD por quatro semanas, duas sessões diárias de treinamento na quinta semana e três sessões na sexta semana. Houve aumento da concentração plasmática de glutamato no grupo EXT (p Para que el entrenamiento tenga éxito, éste debe ser lo suficientemente intenso para provocar la quiebra de homeostasis, la adaptación y por fin la supercompensación. Sin embargo, condiciones de estrés excesivo inducidos por el ejercicio físico pueden provocar efectos indeseables. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo evaluar si el aumento en la sobrecarga de entrenamiento altera parámetros hormonales y bioquímicos similares al overreaching. Los animales fueron divididos en tres grupos: SED (animales sedentarios, MOD (animales que entrenaron de forma moderada durante 6 semanas y EXT (que entrenaron de forma semejante al grupo MOD por 4 semanas, 2 sesiones diarias de entrenamiento en la quinta semana y 3 sesiones la sexta semana. Hubo aumento en la concentración plasmática de glutamato en el grupo EXT (p The training will be efficient if it is intensive enough to promote homeostasis break, adaptation and super compensation consequently. On the other hand, excessive stress conditions induced by exercise may promote undesirable effects. This paper aims to evaluate the effects of the increase in overload training upon some hormonal and biochemical parameters

  8. Effects of Antimicrobial Peptides Extract on Laying Performance, Egg Quality, Serum Biochemical Parameters and Intestinal Microflora of Laying Hens%抗菌肽粗提物对蛋鸡产蛋性能、蛋品质、血清生化指标和肠道菌群的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕尊周; 袁肖笑; 朱志刚; 尹兆正

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this experiment was to study th e effects of different dietary antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) extract level on the laying performance, egg quality, serum biochemical parameters and intestinal microflora of laying hens- Four hundred and eighty 210-day-old Hisex hens were randomly divided into four groups with four replicates and thirty hens per replicate. One group received the basal diet as a control, while others received the basal diet supplemented with 200, 400, 600 mg/kg AMPs extract as treatments. The results showed that, compared with the control group, 200 mg/kg AMPs extract significantly increased the egg yolk weight percentage (P0.05) 200 mg/kg AMPs extract significantly increased the laying rate and egg yolk weight percentage (P0.05) In conclusion, the optimal addition of AMPs extract to the diets for laying hens would be 400 mg/kg.%本试验旨在研究日粮不同水平抗菌肤粗提物对蛋鸡产蛋性能、蛋品质、血清生化指标和肠道菌群的影响.将480只210日龄海赛克斯褐壳蛋鸡,随机分成4组,每组4个重复,对照组饲喂基础日粮,试验组分别饲喂在基础日粮中添加200、400、600mg/kg抗菌肽粗提物的试验日粮.结果表明:与对照组相比,日粮添加200 mg/kg抗菌肽粗提物能显著提高蛋鸡的蛋黄相对重(P<0.05),对回肠内大肠杆菌有显著抑制作用(P<0.05),而对其他指标并无显著性影响(P>0.05);日粮添加400mg/kg抗菌肽粗提物能显著提高蛋鸡的产蛋率和蛋黄相对重(P<0.05),降低白蛋白和血糖含量(P<0.05),显著降低回肠大肠杆菌的数量(P<0.05);日粮添加600mg/kg抗菌肽粗提物能够显著提高血清SOD活性(P<0.05),而对其他指标无显著性影响(P>0.05).综上所述,蛋鸡日粮中添加400mg/kg抗菌肽粗提物效果最佳.

  9. Reference values for chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger blood cells and serum biochemical parameters Valores de referência para os parâmetros das células e bioquímica sangüínea da chinchila (Chinchilla laniger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tális de Oliveira Silva

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Raising chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger for commercial purpose has increased significantly; however, hematological and serum biochemical reference values have not yet been determined for chinchillas raised in south Brazil. Establishing blood cells and serum biochemistry reference values might be helpful to evaluate health status of chinchillas and might be used as a tool by clinicians. The purpose of this study was to determine the reference values for blood cells and serum biochemistry of Chinchilla laniger. Blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture from 16 adult males, at the time they were killed to remove the fur coat, and from 8 adult males anesthetized with ketamine and xylazine. Blood cell counts and serum biochemistry analysis were performed using standard techniques and the results were expressed as mean ± SEM. Analysis of blood parameters from post-mortem cardiac punctured and from anesthetized chinchillas indicated that blood samples from anesthetized chinchillas had higher PCV, Hemoglobin, MCHC and WBC (P A criação de chinchila (Chinchilla laniger com objetivos comerciais tem crescido muito nos últimos anos. No entanto, os valores de referência para os parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos não foram ainda determinados para chinchilas criados no sul do Brasil. O estabelecimento dos valores de referência para esses parâmetros pode servir de auxílio para a avaliação da saúde das chinchilas e servir de auxílio diagnóstico para o clínico. Esse estudo teve como objetivo determinar os valores de referência das células e da bioquímica sangüínea da Chinchilla laniger. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas por meio de punção cardíaca de 16 machos adultos no momento em que os animais foram mortos para remoção da pele, e de 8 machos adultos após anestesia com xylazina e ketamina. A contagem das células sangüíneas e a análise dos parâmetros bioquímicos foram feitas utilizando-se métodos padronizados em

  10. Effects of Lipase Enzyme on Hrowth Performance, Apparent Metabolizable Energy of Nutrients, Blood Biochemical Parameters and Abdominal Fat Fate of Broilers%脂肪酶对肉鸡生长性能、表观代谢能、血液生化指标及腹脂率的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芳林; 石宝明; 单安山; 时本利; 王剑英

    2012-01-01

    试验研究了在玉米一豆粕型日粮中添加脂肪酶对商品肉仔鸡生长性能、表观代谢能、血液生化指标和腹脂率等的影响。试验选用1日龄健康爱维因肉仔鸡240只,随机分为4个处理组,每个处理4个重复,每个重复15只鸡。试验期8用。整个饲养期分为3个阶段,0~3周为生长前期,4-6周为生长中期,7~8周为生长后期。结果表明,日粮中添加脂肪酶可显著提高肉鸡的日增重(P〈0.05),降低料肉比(P〈0.05),提高表观代谢能(P〈0.05),降低血液中甘油三酯、总胆固醇、低密度脂蛋白(P〈0.05),提高高密度脂蛋白含量(P〈0.05),降低腹脂率(P〈0.05).%This article studied the effect of lipase enzyme on growth performance, apparent metabolizable energy of nutrients, blood biochemical parameters amt abdominal fat rate in corn-soybean meal-based diets of broilers. Experiment chose 240 one-day health AA broilers, randomly allocated to 4 groups with 4 replicates per group and 15 broilers per replicate with 8 weeks trial period. The feeding period was divided into three stages: 0-3 week for the early growth stage, 4-6 week for the medium growth stage and 7-8 week for the late growth stage. Experiment showed that lipase enzyme can improve ADG(P〈0.05), reduce F/G(P〈0.05) and improve apparent metabolizable energy(P〈0.05) of nutrients of broilers, when it reduced triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteinand(P〈 0.05) and improved high-density lipoprotein(P〈0.05), it reduced abdominal fat rate of broilers(P〈0.05).

  11. Development of a new first-aid biochemical detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jingfei; Liao, Haiyang; Su, Shilin; Ding, Hao; Liu, Suquan

    2016-10-01

    The traditional biochemical detector exhibits poor adaptability, inconvenient carrying and slow detection, which can't meet the needs of first-aid under field condition like natural or man-made disasters etc. Therefore a scheme of first-aid biochemical detector based on MOMES Micro Spectrometer, UV LED and Photodiode was proposed. An optical detection structure combined continuous spectrum sweep with fixed wavelength measurement was designed, which adopted mobile detection optical path consisting of Micro Spectrometer and Halogen Lamp to detect Chloride (Cl-), Creatinine (Cre), Glucose (Glu), Hemoglobin (Hb). The UV LED and Photodiode were designed to detect Potassium (K-), Carbon dioxide (CO2), Sodium (Na+). According to the field diagnosis and treatment requirements, we designed the embedded control hardware circuit and software system, the prototype of first-aid biochemical detector was developed and the clinical trials were conducted. Experimental results show that the sample's absorbance repeatability is less than 2%, the max coefficient of variation (CV) in the batch repeatability test of all 7 biochemical parameters in blood samples is 4.68%, less than the clinical requirements 10%, the correlation coefficient (R2) in the clinical contrast test with AU5800 is almost greater than 0.97. To sum up, the prototype meets the requirements of clinical application.

  12. CLINICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AT THE CIRRHOSIS OF VARIOUS GENESIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Bilalova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the study. To carry out a comparative description of the clinical and biochemical parameters at patients with cirrhosis of an alcoholic genesis (CP-HGA and cirrhosis of mixed etiologies — CP-HGM (HСV+ alcohol.Materials and methods. The study involved 62 patients with cirrhosis of different etiologies, who carries out clinical, immunogenetic and biochemical studies.Results. Patients with the 3d genotype and low viral load were registered with cirrhosis of mixed etiologies (HСV+ alcohol. At the cirrhosis Class B for Child-Pugh basic data biochemical parameters were similar in patients with CP-HGA and CP-HGM, but ALT and AST activity, which are significantly higher than observed in patients with CP-HGM. At dismissal, ALT and GGT activities were detected significantly higher in patients with CP-HGM than the CP-HGA. At the cirrhosis Class C for Child-Pugh the baseline, reflecting cholestasis — is total bilirubin, GGT and alkaline phosphatase and were detected significantly higher in the CP-HGA, than with CP-HGM significantly reduced, and thore is no differences between the groups to be discharged from the hospital, in addition to the activity of GGT, which it remained significantly higher in the CP-HGA, than with CP-HGM. Cytolytic activity of enzymes (ALT, AST during the entire period of the disease was observed significantly higher normal values and did not depend on the CP etiology.Conclusion decision. The maximum rate of change of the basic biochemical parameters is observed in patients with cirrhosis of mixed etiologies Class B for Child-Pugh and at the cirrhosis of an alcoholic genesis — in patients with cirrhosis Class C.

  13. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS OF BIOCHEMICAL RELAPSE FREE SURVIVAL FOLLOWING SALVAGE RADIOTHERAPY IN MEN WITH BIOCHEMICAL RECURRENCE AFTER RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. D. Demeshko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate influence of clinical, biochemical and histological factors to biochemical relapse free survival (BRFS following salvage radiotherapy (RT in men with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.Material and methods. 77 patients with newly diagnosed biochemical recurrence (BR after RPE were included into retrospective study. All of them underwent local salvage RT. Сlinical variables (age, serum prostate-specific antigen [PSA] level and PSA kinetics, time RPE-BR, Gleason grade, stage after RPE and clinical findings were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.Results. The median, 1- and 3-year BRFS were 19,9 months, 63,8 ± 6,5 % and 24,7 ± 8,5 % respectively. Significant variables in the multivariable model were age, PSA level before RT, prostatectomy T3b stage, PSA doubling time and positive digital rectal examination findings (p < 0,05. Several clinical parameters help predict the outcomes of men with PSA elevation after radical prostatectomy. These data may be useful in counseling men regarding the timing of administration of adjuvant therapies.

  14. Nonlinear Biochemical Signal Processing via Noise Propagation

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Kyung Hyuk; Qian, Hong; Sauro, Herbert M.

    2013-01-01

    Single-cell studies often show significant phenotypic variability due to the stochastic nature of intra-cellular biochemical reactions. When the numbers of molecules, e.g., transcription factors and regulatory enzymes, are in low abundance, fluctuations in biochemical activities become significant and such "noise" can propagate through regulatory cascades in terms of biochemical reaction networks. Here we develop an intuitive, yet fully quantitative method for analyzing how noise affects cell...

  15. Biochemical Abnormalities in Batten's Syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Jytte Lene; Nielsen, Gunnar Gissel; Jensen, Gunde Egeskov;

    1978-01-01

    The present data indicate that a group of ten patients with Batten's syndrome showed reduced activity of erythrocyte glutathione (GSH) peroxidase (Px) (glutathione: H2O2 oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.1.9.) using H2O2 as peroxide donor. Assay of erythrocyte GSHPx using H2O2, cumene hydroperoxide and t......-butyl hydroperoxide as donors also makes it possible biochemically to divide Batten's syndrome into two types: (1) one type with decreased values when H2O2 and cumene hydroperoxide are used, and (2) one type with increased values when t-butyl hydroperoxide is used. Furthermore an increased content of palmitic, oleic...... in whole blood. In normal human beings a connection was found between the erythrocyte selenium content and GSHPx activity assayed by cumene hydroperoxide as a peroxide donor....

  16. Biochemical nature of Russell Bodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mossuto, Maria Francesca; Ami, Diletta; Anelli, Tiziana; Fagioli, Claudio; Doglia, Silvia Maria; Sitia, Roberto

    2015-07-30

    Professional secretory cells produce and release abundant proteins. Particularly in case of mutations and/or insufficient chaperoning, these can aggregate and become toxic within or amongst cells. Immunoglobulins (Ig) are no exception. In the extracellular space, certain Ig-L chains form fibrils causing systemic amyloidosis. On the other hand, Ig variants lacking the first constant domain condense in dilated cisternae of the early secretory compartment, called Russell Bodies (RB), frequently observed in plasma cell dyscrasias, autoimmune diseases and chronic infections. RB biogenesis can be recapitulated in lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells by expressing mutant Ig-μ, providing powerful models to investigate the pathophysiology of endoplasmic reticulum storage disorders. Here we analyze the aggregation propensity and the biochemical features of the intra- and extra-cellular Ig deposits in human cells, revealing β-aggregated features for RB.

  17. Sex-linked dominant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inheritance - sex-linked dominant; Genetics - sex-linked dominant; X-linked dominant; Y-linked dominant ... can be either an autosomal chromosome or a sex chromosome. It also depends on whether the trait ...

  18. Análisis de parámetros bioquímicos en grandes quemados: nuevos factores pronósticos. De la investigación básica a la clínica Analysis of biochemical parameters in major burn patients: new prognostic factors. From the basic to the clinical research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Maldonado

    2012-12-01

    the influence of ions and proteins applied to 143 patients in the Major Burn Patient Unit in the Unfallkrankenhaus Hospital in Berlin (Germany. A statistical study is carried out to define patient mortality once the previous calculations have been performed, considering: 1 their biochemical parameters in the first 48 hours, 2 their clinical factors: age, total burned surface area, depth of the burn, presence of inhalation syndrome, etc. A logistic regression analysis was made using these data calculating the mortality predictive function, which was validated by a group of 35 new patients. The importance of each plasmatic ion and proteins was calculated in the electrical balance of the patients with major burns. Age, burned surface area, pH and [Mg2+] were introduced for the study of mortality in these patients via statistical analysis. From the study it was confirmed that anions [HCO3¯] and [Cl¯], together with cation [Na+] are the ions with most influence on the plasmatic balance of major burn patients. Protein concentration has a lower incidence on this balance: a loss of 50 % in albumin concentration during the first 48 hours is equivalent to a loss of 1 mmol/l in the [HCO3¯] concentration. It can also be stated that the use of parameters pH and [Mg2+] can improve mortality prediction in these patients.

  19. Weighting schemes in metabolic graphs for identifying biochemical routes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, S; Baloni, P; Vishveshwara, S; Chandra, N

    2014-03-01

    Metabolism forms an integral part of all cells and its study is important to understand the functioning of the system, to understand alterations that occur in disease state and hence for subsequent applications in drug discovery. Reconstruction of genome-scale metabolic graphs from genomics and other molecular or biochemical data is now feasible. Few methods have also been reported for inferring biochemical pathways from these networks. However, given the large scale and complex inter-connections in the networks, the problem of identifying biochemical routes is not trivial and some questions still remain open. In particular, how a given path is altered in perturbed conditions remains a difficult problem, warranting development of improved methods. Here we report a comparison of 6 different weighting schemes to derive node and edge weights for a metabolic graph, weights reflecting various kinetic, thermodynamic parameters as well as abundances inferred from transcriptome data. Using a network of 50 nodes and 107 edges of carbohydrate metabolism, we show that kinetic parameter derived weighting schemes [Formula: see text] fare best. However, these are limited by their extent of availability, highlighting the usefulness of omics data under such conditions. Interestingly, transcriptome derived weights yield paths with best scores, but are inadequate to discriminate the theoretical paths. The method is tested on a system of Escherichia coli stress response. The approach illustrated here is generic in nature and can be used in the analysis for metabolic network from any species and perhaps more importantly for comparing condition-specific networks.

  20. Linear systems approach to analysis of complex dynamic behaviours in biochemical networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, H; Jacobsen, E W

    2004-06-01

    Central functions in the cell are often linked to complex dynamic behaviours, such as sustained oscillations and multistability, in a biochemical reaction network. Determination of the specific mechanisms underlying such behaviours is important, e.g. to determine sensitivity, robustness, and modelling requirements of given cell functions. In this work we adopt a systems approach to the analysis of complex behaviours in intracellular reaction networks, described by ordinary differential equations with known kinetic parameters. We propose to decompose the overall system into a number of low complexity subsystems, and consider the importance of interactions between these in generating specific behaviours. Rather than analysing the network in a state corresponding to the complex non-linear behaviour, we move the system to the underlying unstable steady state, and focus on the mechanisms causing destabilisation of this steady state. This is motivated by the fact that all complex behaviours in unforced systems can be traced to destabilisation (bifurcation) of some steady state, and hence enables us to use tools from linear system theory to qualitatively analyse the sources of given network behaviours. One important objective of the present study is to see how far one can come with a relatively simple approach to the analysis of highly complex biochemical networks. The proposed method is demonstrated by application to a model of mitotic control in Xenopus frog eggs, and to a model of circadian oscillations in Drosophila. In both examples we are able to identify the subsystems, and the related interactions, which are instrumental in generating the observed complex non-linear behaviours.

  1. INVESTIGATIONS ON BIOCHEMICAL PURIFICATION OF GROUND WATER FROM HYDROGEN SULFIDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. P. Sedlukho

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers problems and features of biochemical removal of hydrogen sulfide from ground water. The analysis of existing methods for purification of ground water from hydrogen sulfide has been given in the paper. The paper has established shortcomings of physical and chemical purification of ground water. While using aeration methods for removal of hydrogen sulfide formation of colloidal sulfur that gives muddiness and opalescence to water occurs due to partial chemical air oxidation. In addition to this violation of sulfide-carbonate equilibrium taking place in the process of aeration due to desorption of H2S and CO2, often leads to clogging of degasifier nozzles with formed CaCO3 that causes serious operational problems. Chemical methods require relatively large flow of complex reagent facilities, storage facilities and transportation costs.In terms of hydrogen sulfide ground water purification the greatest interest is given to the biochemical method. Factors deterring widespread application of the biochemical method is its insufficient previous investigation and necessity to execute special research in order to determine optimal process parameters while purifying groundwater of a particular water supply source. Biochemical methods for oxidation of sulfur compounds are based on natural biological processes that ensure natural sulfur cycle. S. Vinogradsky has established a two-stage mechanism for oxidation of hydrogen sulfide with sulfur bacteria (Beggiatoa. The first stage presupposes oxidation of hydrogen sulphide to elemental sulfur which is accumulating in the cytoplasm in the form of globules. During the second stage sulfur bacteria begin to oxidize intracellular sulfur to sulfuric acid due to shortage of hydrogen sulfide.The paper provides the results of technological tests of large-scale pilot plants for biochemical purification of groundwater from hydrogen sulfide in semi-industrial conditions. Dependences of water quality

  2. Parameter Estimation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sales-Cruz, Mauricio; Heitzig, Martina; Cameron, Ian;

    2011-01-01

    of optimisation techniques coupled with dynamic solution of the underlying model. Linear and nonlinear approaches to parameter estimation are investigated. There is also the application of maximum likelihood principles in the estimation of parameters, as well as the use of orthogonal collocation to generate a set...

  3. Articulatory Parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladefoged, Peter

    1980-01-01

    Summarizes the 16 parameters hypothesized to be necessary and sufficient for linguistic phonetic specifications. Suggests seven parameters affecting tongue shapes, three determining the positions of the lips, one controlling the position of the velum, four varying laryngeal actions, and one controlling respiratory activity. (RL)

  4. Qualidade de ovos, parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos e desenvolvimento do aparelho reprodutor de poedeiras comerciais Lohmann LSL alimentadas com níveis crescentes de lisina digestível - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v30i1.3596 Egg quality, blood biochemical parameters and reproductive tract development for Lohmann LSL hens fed increasing levels of digestible lysine - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v30i1.3596

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anúzia Barini Nunes

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos de lisina para poedeiras Lohmann LSL sobre a qualidade dos ovos, parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos e mensurações do aparelho reprodutor. Cento e sessenta poedeiras com 24 semanas foram submetidas a níveis crescentes de lisina digestível (600, 700, 800 e 900 mg Lys kg-1 de ração até 48 semanas de idade. As dietas foram isoenergéticas e isonutritivas com 15,8%PB e 2.800 kcal EM kg-1. Delineamento inteiramente casualizado foi adotado com quatro tratamentos e quatro repetições. Foram analisados: percentagem de casca, de gema e albúmen, gravidade específica dos ovos, unidade Haugh, índice gema, sólidos totais da gema, do albúmen e do ovo, parâmetros sanguíneos e mensuração do aparelho reprodutor. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância e de regressão polinomial (5%, utilizando o programa SAS, e para os resultados sanguíneos e do aparelho reprodutor, foram analisados em esquema de parcelas subdivididas. Os níveis de lisina não influenciaram os resultados para qualidade dos ovos. Houve aumento no peso do aparelho reprodutor com o avançar da idade. Os resultados do parâmetro sanguíneo não foram influenciados; já nas semanas, observa-se aumento na albumina, uratos e uratina. O nível de 600 mg kg-1 pode ser recomendado para poedeiras no período avaliado.In this experiment, the effect of lysine levels on egg quality, biochemical parameters and measurements of the reproductive tract on the diets of Lohmann LSL laying hens diets were evaluated. One hundred-sixty hens with 24 weeks of age were submitted to increasing levels of digestible lysine (600, 700, 800 e 900 mg Lys kg-1 of feed until 48 weeks of age. The diets were isoenergetic and isonutritive. A completely randomized design was used, with four treatments and four replicates. Percentages of eggshell, yolk and albumen, specific egg gravity, yolk index, total yolk, albumen and egg solids, blood parameters

  5. Biochemical Control of Marine Fouling

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-14

    a DOPA-rich quinone cross-linked protein, closely analogous to the byssus adhesive of the mussel that had been characterized by Waite and his...residues of DOPA per 1000 amino acid residues: this very high DOPA content is similar to that reported by Waite for the byssus of Mytilus. The...secretion and crosslinking of the Phragmatopoma cement is similar to that previously characterized for mussel byssus (Jensen. Morse, and Waite, in

  6. 饲粮粗蛋白质与外源褪黑激素水平对水貂生长性能、血清生化指标及营养物质消化率的影响%Effects of Dietary Protein and Exogenous Melatonin Levels on Growth Performance, Serum Biochemical Parameters and Nutrient Digestibility of Minks (Mustela vison)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋兴超; 薛海龙; 陈秀敏; 杨镒峰; 魏海军; 李光玉; 杨福合

    2013-01-01

    试验各项测定指标可以得出,皮下埋植10 mg/只外源MT时,水貂较适宜的饲粮CP水平为32% ~36%.%This experiment was conducted to study the effects of dietary crude protein (CP) and exogenous melatonin (MT) levels on growth performance, serum biochemical parameters and nutrient digestibility of minks. Ninety healthy fifty-day-old male minks with a similar body weight were randomly divided into 6 groups with 15 replicates per group and 1 mink per replicate. The trial was carried out using three dietary CP levels (32% , 36% and 40% ) and two subcutaneous implant exogenous MT levels (0 and 10 mg per mink) in a 3 x 2 factorial design. The trial lasted for 64 days. The results showed as follows: 1) the final weight of minks fed diets with 40% CP level in 10 mg MT group was significantly higher than that in 0 mg MT group (Ρ0. 05). 2) The serum albumin (ALB) content of minks fed diets with 32% and 40% CP levels in 10 mg MT group was significantly lower than that in 0 mg MT groups (P 0. 05). 3) For 10 mg MT groups, the dry matter (DM) intake of minks fed diets with 32% and 36% CP levels was significantly higher than that of minks fed diets with 40% CP level (P 0. 05). 4) For 10 mg MT groups, the ether extract (EE) digestibility of minks fed diets with 36% CP level was siginificantly higher than that of minks fed diets with 32% and 40% CP levels (P0. 05). Considering all factors, dietary 32% to 36% CP level is considered to be optimal for minks with 10 mg exogenous MT implantation.

  7. 不同免疫状态对肉仔鸡血液生化指标和细胞免疫应答的影响%Effects of Different Immune Status on Blood Biochemical Parameters and Cellular Immune Response in Broiler Chickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯焱; 杨小军; 王筱霏; 覃定奎; 尹瑞卿; 姚军虎

    2011-01-01

    [目的]研究不同免疫状态对肉仔鸡血液生化指标和细胞免疫应答的影响.[方法]选用健康情况良好1日龄AA肉公鸡180只,随机分为4组,每组5个重复,每重复9只.设定不同免疫应激模型,为无免疫组即对照组(no vaccine,NV),常规免疫组(conventional vaccine,CV),以及在常规免疫基础上注射细菌脂多糖的免疫亢进组(LPS)和环磷酰胺的免疫抑制组(CYP).采用CD3/CD4/CD8三色流式细胞术、MTT法检测肉鸡免疫状态和非免疫状态下外周血中T淋巴细胞及其亚群的变化.[结果]与NV组相比,肉仔鸡的体增重和采食量均显著降低LPS组和CYP组(P<0.05),各处理料重比无显著差异(P>0.05),NV组与CV组生产性能指标无显著差异(P> 0.05),各日龄处理间血清TP、GLU和CHL)含量均无显著差异(P>0.05).第21和35天,LPS组和CYP组血清ALB含量显著低于CV组和NV组(P<0.05);第21天,LPS组血清α-AGP和BUN含量显著低于NV组(P<0.05),CPY和LPS均抑制T、B淋巴细胞增殖,LPS组CD4+/CD8+T细胞百分比显著低于NV组(P<0.05).[结论]未进行免疫肉鸡可维持机体正常的生长性能和细胞免疫稳态,LPS和CYP的刺激可降低肉鸡采食量和体增重;随日龄增加肉鸡对CYP刺激的耐受性有所上升,LPS刺激可增强肉鸡细胞免疫应答反应.%[Objective] This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different immune statuses on blood biochemical parameters and cellular immune response of broiler chickens. [Method] One hundred and eighty 1 -day-old AA broilers were allocated into four groups. Each treatment had 5 replicate cages of 9 broilers per replicate pen. This study will set different immune stress models, including the control group (no vaccines, NV), conventional vaccines group (CV), immune hyperthyroidism group (LPS) and immune suppression group (CYP). The T lymphocytes and subgroups were isolated from periphery blood from immunized and unvaccinated birds and were

  8. Effects of Supplementing Different Levels of a Commercial Enzyme Complex on Growth Performance,Plasma Biochemical Parameters and Liver Histology for Pekin Ducks by Overfeeding%不同酶制剂水平对北京填鸭生长性能、血浆生化指标和肝脏组织学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闻治国; 张铁鹰; 谢明; 黄苇; 侯水生

    2012-01-01

    为了研究不同酶制剂水平对北京填鸭生长性能、血浆生化指标及肝脏组织学的影响.选取35日龄健康、大小均匀的Z4系雄性北京鸭96只,随机分成4个处理,每个处理6个重复,每个重复4只鸭.对照组填饲基础日粮,试验1,2和3组在基础日粮中分别添加100,200,300 mg/kg的复合酶制剂,试验鸭在35,36日龄填饲量分别为260,300 g,之后5d各处理填饲量均为400 g/d,试验期为7d.结果表明,200,300 mg/kg酶组日增质量(ADG)和料质量比(F/G)显著优于对照组和100 mg/kg酶组(P<0.05),100 mg/kg酶组与对照组无显著差异(P>0.05),200,300mg/kg酶组间无显著差异(P>0.05);不同酶制剂水平对北京填鸭血浆葡萄糖(Glu)、甘油三酯(TG)、高密度脂蛋白(HDL)的浓度影响不大(P>0.05),而对血浆总胆固醇(CHO)和低密度脂蛋白(LDL)的浓度有显著影响作用(P<0.05).各组北京填鸭肝脏细胞肿大,看不清完整的细胞形态,胞浆中充满大量大小不等的脂肪滴,将细胞核挤压到一侧,添加酶制剂能够增加肝脏内脂肪的沉积量.综上所示,酶制剂在一定范围内能够提高北京填鸭日增质量,降低料质量比,当添加量超过一定水平时,其作用效果不明显.%This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different levels of a commercial enzyme complex on growth performance, plasma biochemical parameters and liver histology for Pekin ducks by overfeeding. Ninety-six 35-day-old health male Pekin ducks with similar body weight were randomly assigned into 4 treatments with 6 replicates per treatment and 4 Pekin ducks per replicate. The corn-soybean diet was provided to the four groups of ducks;The control diet and the other three enzyme complex supplemented diets which were 100,200,300 mg/kg enzyme complex supplemented to the control diet, respectively. The feed intake of four treatment groups in the first 2 days was the same in 260 g/bird at 35 d and 300 g/bird at 36 d of age

  9. 注射葡萄糖对吉富罗非鱼血浆生化指标、胰岛素和糖酵解关键酶的影响%Effects of glucose injection on biochemical parameters, insulin, and glycolytic enzymes in GIFT (Oreochromis niloticus)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘含亮; 孙敏敏; 王红卫; 付佩胜; 周庆杰; 万文菊; 王纪亭

    2012-01-01

    We evaluated the effect of glucose injection on a range of biochemical parameters, insulin, and glycolytic enzymes in GIFT (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish (n=150, mean weight 80±5 g) were randomly assigned to one of two groups, a control group that was injected with sterile 0.7% saline and a treatment group that was injected intraperitoneally with glucose (30 mg/100 g wet weight). The fish in both groups were euthanized 1-12 h after injection. Glucose injection resulted in hyperglycemia with maximum glucose levels observed 1 h after injection (P<0.05) and a return to normal levels after 3 h. Cholesterol content also increased significantly (P<0.05) after glucose injection. Conversely, triglycerides, plasma protein, and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) levels were unaffected by glucose injection. The level of glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (GOT) decreased significantly (.P<0.05) after injection. Liver glycogen peaked 6 h after injection with glucose, then decreased significantly (P<0.05). Glucose injection had no effect on muscle glycogen levels. Insulin levels increased significantly (.P<0.05) in the plasma and muscle, but not in the liver, following glucose injection. Pyruvate kinase levels peaked 6 h after glucose injection (P<0.05). Conversely, there was no change in hexokinase activity after injection. Our results suggest that metabolic adjustment caused by glucose administration is reflective of the regulatory action of insulin and pyruvate kinase. The levels of insulin and pyruvate kinase (PK) were unable to maintain pace with the absorption speed of carbohydrates in fish and a shortage in hexokinase (HK) activity limited glucose utilization, leading to higher concentrations of cholesterol.%研究注射葡萄糖对吉富罗非鱼(Oreochromis miloticus)生化指标、胰岛素和糖酵解酶的影响.选取体质量约80 g的吉富罗非鱼150尾,随机分为2个实验组,对照组腹腔注射0.7%的无菌生理盐水,处理组按照30 mg/100

  10. 不同填饲量对北京鸭生长性能、血清生化指标和肝脏组织学的影响%Amounts of Force-Feeding Affect Growth Performance, Serum Biochemical Parameters and Liver Histology of Pekin Ducks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闻治国; 侯