WorldWideScience

Sample records for bills of lading

  1. 41 CFR 109-40.5003 - Commercial bills of lading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Commercial bills of lading. (a) DOE's cost-type contractors using commercial bills of lading in making... DOE c/o the cost-type contractor or by the contractor “for the DOE.” (d) Commercial bills of lading... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commercial bills...

  2. On the Government of Electronic Bills of Lading : An appraisal

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This thesis assesses the situation and potential success in legal practice of one major invention in the maritime industry, namely, the electronic bill of lading by taking into consideration developments of the relevant regulatory frameworks through time by some few important institutions involved including CMI (Comité Maritime International), Bolero (Bills of Lading Electronic Registry Organisation) and UNCITRAL (United Nations Commission on International Trade Law). The thesis focuses on an...

  3. 49 CFR 373.101 - Motor carrier bills of lading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... information as prescribed in 49 CFR part 379. ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Motor carrier bills of lading. 373.101 Section 373.101 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR...

  4. Transfer of rights incorporated into a bill of lading as a type of commodity security

    OpenAIRE

    Tusevska, Borka

    2013-01-01

    Transport documents play a crucial role in international trade of goods. Their role is particularly evident in the area of massive, rapid and reliable supply of goods worldwide. Among many diversity and heterogeneous issues related to the transport documents, the question of transfer of rights incorporate into a bill of lading has a particular meaning. In this paper we’ll try to make analysis of some legal and economic aspects of transport documents. Through analysis of this issue, we wil...

  5. Binding Third Parties to Maritime Arbitration, Incorporation of Charterparty Arbitration Clause into Bill of Lading by Reference

    OpenAIRE

    Tchkuaseli, Rusudan

    2013-01-01

    Arbitration is consensual by nature. Therefore, arbitration agreement is usually binding on the parties privy to the contract containing the arbitration clause. Nevertheless, general principles of contract law allow for extension of an arbitration clause to third parties only if free, knowing and complete consent of such party to arbitrate is established. It is difficult to tailor this rule to the situation when a bill of lading issued under a charterparty contains a reference clause, which b...

  6. 论中国的提单物权性%Bill of Lading as a Document of Title in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡瑛

    2006-01-01

    提单物权性是提单的主要特征.首先从理论上浅析了提单物权性的含义、功能和种类.其次,论述了提单物权性在中国的司法实践,尤其是记名提单的物权性.对于记名提单的物权性,虽然在中国无论是理论还是实践尚无定论,但近来认为记名提单不具有物权性的观点占主导地位.通过比较分析,建议提单物权性应当维护,记名提单应具有物权性,承运人应承担无单放货的责任.%A document of title is one of the main characteristics of the bill of lading. In this paper, the author shares his insight regarding relevant theories of document of title, followed by discussing on judicial practice of a document of title in China, particularly the straight bill of lading. It has been a commonly accepted point of view that a straight bill is not a document of title as legislated in Chinese maritime law, which has been practiced in China's courts in spite of not being fully affirmed up to this day. Considering the current status of a document of title in the maritime law of China, the author pointsout that a straight bill should be treated as a document of title, and protecting the bill of lading system should be further enhanced.

  7. Recommendations for Foreign Trade Companies Established in Turkey on Making Charter Party Marine Bills of Lading in Accordance with Letter of Credit-L/C Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Özkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses how charter party marine bills of lading should be made in accordance with the letter of credit-L/C method. In an L/C, in order that the obligation of payment of the applicant (issuing bank and of the confirming bank, if any, against the beneficiary can continue, exporting companies are required to prepare documents in accordance with the UCP 600, ISBP 745 and terms of documentary letter of credit and present them properly (complying presentation. In order to prepare appropriate documents, it is essential for the exporting companies to act according to the three important criteria (letter of credit requirements, UCP 600 and ISPB 745 prevailing in this regard. Since competence of complying presentation requires a certain level of expertise, the exporting companies established in Turkey have experienced difficulties in terms of how to prepare documents and could not get benefit from payment obligation undertaking of the applicant bank and of the confirming bank, if any, due to the presentation of discrepant documents, getting export prices late, and payment of extra fees/commissions. Due to trade property, importing company’s demands and the conditions required by the legislation of the country where the exporting company is established, exporting companies are required to prepare many types of documents. In this study, the common mistakes that exporting companies in Turkey made in preparation of the charter party and the other types of B/Ls are analyzed, the basic and critical features of the charter party B/Ls, in particular, are considered and different and common parts compared to other bill of ladings are evaluated and how they can be organized properly according to letter of credit payment is shown.

  8. 27 CFR 28.41 - Evidence of lading for use on vessels or aircraft: distilled spirits and wine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence of lading for use on vessels or aircraft: distilled spirits and wine. 28.41 Section 28.41 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and... vessels or aircraft: distilled spirits and wine. The lading of distilled spirits or wine for use...

  9. 27 CFR 28.43 - Evidence of exportation and lading for use on vessels and aircraft: beer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... and lading for use on vessels and aircraft: beer. 28.43 Section 28.43 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and... lading for use on vessels and aircraft: beer. (a) Exportation. The exportation of beer to a foreign... certificate issued by an official of the country or possession where the beer has actually landed; or (6)...

  10. Observations of Titanium, Aluminum and Magnesium in the Lunar Exosphere by LADEE UVS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colaprete, A.; Wooden, D.; Cook, A.; Shirley, M.; Sarantos, M.

    2016-01-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) was an orbital lunar science mission designed to address the goals of the 2003 National Research Council decadal survey, the Lunar Exploration Analysis Group Roadmap, and the "Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon" (SCEM) report, and has been recommended for execution by the 2011 Planetary Missions Decadal Survey. The LADEE mission goal was to determine the composition of the lunar atmosphere and investigate the processes that control its distribution and variability, including sources, sinks, and surface interactions. It will monitor variations in known gasses, such as sodium, potassium, argon and helium, and will search for other, as-yet-undetected gasses of both lunar and extra-lunar origin. Another goal of LADEE was to determine whether dust is present in the lunar exosphere, and reveal the processes that contribute to its sources and variability.

  11. Understanding temporal and spatial variability of the lunar helium atmosphere using simultaneous observations from LRO, LADEE, and ARTEMIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, Dana M.; Cook, Jason C.; Benna, Mehdi; Halekas, Jasper S.; Feldman, Paul D.; Retherford, Kurt D.; Hodges, R. Richard; Grava, Cesare; Mahaffy, Paul; Gladstone, G. Randall; Greathouse, Thomas; Kaufmann, David E.; Elphic, Richard C.; Stern, S. Alan

    2016-07-01

    Simultaneous measurements of helium in the exosphere of the Moon are made from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) and the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS) through the entire 5-month span of the LADEE mission. In addition, the ARTEMIS mission monitored the solar wind alpha particle flux to the Moon. Modeling the lunar helium exosphere, we relate the LAMP polar observations to the LADEE equatorial observations. Further, using the ARTEMIS alpha flux in the Monte Carlo model reproduces the temporal variations in helium density. Comparing the LAMP data to the LADEE data shows excellent agreement. Comparing those with the ARTEMIS data reveals that the solar wind alpha flux is the primary driver to variability in the helium exosphere throughout the LADEE mission. Using a decay time for exospheric helium of 5 days, we determine that the solar wind contributes 64 ± 5% of the helium to the lunar exosphere. The remaining 36 ± 5% is presumed to come from outgassing of radiogenic helium from the interior of the Moon. Furthermore, the model reproduces the measurements if 63 ± 6% of the incident alpha particles are converted to thermalized helium atoms through the interaction between the alphas and the lunar surface. However, these values are dependent on both inferred source rates from LAMP and LADEE observations and on the assumed time constant of the exospheric decay rate.

  12. Patients Bill of Rights Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Reducing Costs, Protecting Consumers - The Affordable Care Act on the One Year Anniversary of the Patients Bill of Rights For too long, too many hard working...

  13. LADEE UVS Observations of Atoms and Dust in the Lunar Tail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooden, Diane H.; Colaprete, Anthony; Cook, Amanda M.; Shirley, Mark H.; Vargo, Kara E.; Elphic, Richard C.; Stubbs, Timothy J.; Glenar, David A.

    2014-01-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) was a lunar orbiter launched in September 2013 that investigated the composition and temporal variation of the tenuous lunar exosphere and dust environment. A major goal of the mission was to characterize the dust exosphere prior to future lunar exploration activities, which may alter the lunar environment. The Ultraviolet/Visible Spectrometer (UVS) onboard LADEE addresses this goal, utilizing two sets of optics: a limbviewing telescope, and a solar-viewing telescope. We report on spectroscopic (approximately 280 - 820 nm) observations viewing down the lunar wake or along the 'lunar tail' from lunar orbit. Prior groundbased studies have observed the emission from neutral sodium atoms extended along the lunar tail, so often this region is referred to as the lunar sodium tail. UVS measurements were made on the dark side of the moon, with the UVS limb-viewing telescope pointed outward in the direction of the Moon's wake (almost anti-sun), during different lunar phases. These UVS observation activities sample a long column and allow the characterization of scattered light from dust and emission lines from atoms in the lunar tail. Observations in this UVS configuration show the largest excess of scattered blue light in our data set, indicative of the presence of small dust grains in the tail. Once lofted, nanoparticles may become charged and picked up by the solar wind, similar to the phenomena witnessed above Enceladus's northern hemisphere or by the STEREO/WAVES instrument while close to Earth's orbit. The UVS data show that small dust grains as well as atoms become entrained in the lunar tail.

  14. LADEE UVS Observations of Atoms and Dust in the Lunar Tail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooden, Diane H.; Colaprete, Anthony; Cook, Amanda M.; Shirley, Mark H.; Vargo, Kara E.; Elphic, Richard C.; Stubbs, Timothy J.; Glenar, David A.

    2014-11-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) was a lunar orbiter launched in September 2013 that investigated the composition and temporal variation of the tenuous lunar exosphere and dust environment. A major goal of the mission was to characterize the dust exosphere prior to future lunar exploration activities, which may alter the lunar environment. The Ultraviolet/Visible Spectrometer (UVS) onboard LADEE addresses this goal, utilizing two sets of optics: a limb-viewing telescope, and a solar-viewing telescope (Colaprete et al. 2014a). We report on spectroscopic 280-820 nm) observations viewing down the lunar wake or along the ‘lunar tail’ from lunar orbit. Prior ground-based studies have observed the emission from neutral sodium atoms extended along the lunar tail, so often this region is referred to as the lunar sodium tail (e.g., Smith et al. 1999, Wilson et al. 1999).UVS measurements were made on the dark side of the moon, with the UVS limb-viewing telescope pointed outward in the direction of the Moon’s wake (almost anti-sun), during different lunar phases. These UVS observation activities sample a long column and allow the characterization of scattered light from dust and emission lines from atoms in the lunar tail (Colaprete et al. 2014b). Observations in this UVS configuration show the largest excess of scattered blue light in our data set, indicative of the presence of small dust grains in the tail. Once lofted (e.g., Stubbs et al. 2006), nanoparticles may become charged and picked up by the solar wind, similar to the phenomena witnessed above Enceladus’s northern hemisphere (Farrell et al. 2012) or by the STEREO/WAVES instrument while close to Earth’s orbit (Meyer-Vernet et al 2009). The UVS data show that small dust grains as well as atoms become entrained in the lunar tail. References:Colaprete, A. et al. (2014a), Space Sci. Rev., submittedColaprete, A. et al. (2014b), SSERVI Exploration Forum, http://nesf2014.arc

  15. Attitude Design for the LADEE Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galal, Ken; Nickel, Craig; Sherman, Ryan

    2015-01-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) satellite successfully completed its 148-day science investigation in a low-altitude, near-equatorial lunar orbit on April 18, 2014. The LADEE spacecraft was built, managed and operated by NASA's Ames Research Center (ARC). The Mission Operations Center (MOC) was located at Ames and was responsible for activity planning, command sequencing, trajectory and attitude design, orbit determination, and spacecraft operations. The Science Operations Center (SOC) was located at Goddard Space Flight Center and was responsible for science planning, data archiving and distribution. This paper details attitude design and operations support for the LADEE mission. LADEE's attitude design was shaped by a wide range of instrument pointing requirements that necessitated regular excursions from the baseline one revolution per orbit "Ram" attitude. Such attitude excursions were constrained by a number of flight rules levied to protect instruments from the Sun, avoid geometries that would result in simultaneous occlusion of LADEE's two star tracker heads, and maintain the spacecraft within its thermal and power operating limits. To satisfy LADEE's many attitude requirements and constraints, a set of rules and conventions was adopted to manage the complexity of this design challenge and facilitate the automation of ground software that generated pointing commands spanning multiple days of operations at a time. The resulting LADEE Flight Dynamics System (FDS) that was developed used Visual Basic scripts that generated instructions to AGI's Satellite Tool Kit (STK) in order to derive quaternion commands at regular intervals that satisfied LADEE's pointing requirements. These scripts relied heavily on the powerful "align and constrain" capability of STK's attitude module to construct LADEE's attitude profiles and the slews to get there. A description of the scripts and the attitude modeling they embodied is provided. One particular

  16. LADEE NMS Observations of Sporadic Water and Carbon Dioxide Signatures in the Lunar Exosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benna, M.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Hurley, D.; Stubbs, T. J.; Hodges, R. R., Jr.; Elphic, R. C.

    2014-12-01

    During its six months in orbit, the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) has detected signatures of water and carbon dioxide in the exosphere of the Moon. The signature of these two volatile gases has been measured by the Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS) as sporadic short-lived signal increases above instrument background. Following the detection of these two species in the exosphere, a systematic measurement campaign with a cadence of few hours over four main lunar local time sectors (sunrise, midnight, sunset, and noon) was put in place and continued to the end of the mission. While this measurement campaign did not reveal any local time dependence for these sporadic signal events, it showed that they are globally correlated with predicted micrometeoroid streams. Moreover, a subset of these NMS observations were acquired at low altitudes when water and carbon dioxide signals were below instrumental background, and used to establish new upper limits of the background abundances of these two gases in the exosphere.

  17. 2003 energy bill of France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 2003 energy bill of France shows a 4.7% increase (22.71 billions of euros) after 2 years of decay (-5.5% in 2002 and -2.5% in 2001). It represents 1.47% of the total gross domestic product (1.43% in 2002), a level comparable with the one of 1987. The rise of the bill comes from the net gas imports (+9.1%) and the drop of net power exports (-21.6%), while the petroleum bill remains stable (+0.2%). In 2003, the energy imports and exports represented 30.68 billions of euros (+3.5% with respect to 2002) and 7.97 billions of euros (+0.2%) respectively. In the detail, energy prices have changed in a very contrasted way: strong rise of crude oil prices (+16.8%) and imported gas prices (+29.9%). On the other hand, the price of exported electricity shows a -7.6% decay. The quantity import balance shows a 2.8% decay under the opposite effects of: the 1.1% decay of the end-use consumption, the strong 2003 coal and gas de-storage following a stronger 2002 storage, the rise of the domestic primary power generation, and the colder 2003 climate. (J.S.)

  18. Patient's Bill of Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... care and improvement of care rather than on salaries, overhead, and marketing. If you made an honest ... Volunteer Employment Become a Supplier Report Fraud or Abuse More ACS Sites Bookstore ACS CAN Shop Cancer ...

  19. 27 CFR 28.262 - Delay in lading at port.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delay in lading at port..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS EXPORTATION OF ALCOHOL Proceedings at Ports of Export § 28.262 Delay in lading at port. If, on arrival of a shipment withdrawn for export without payment of tax or free of...

  20. Variability of helium, neon, and argon in the lunar exosphere as observed by the LADEE NMS instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benna, M.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Halekas, J. S.; Elphic, R. C.; Delory, G. T.

    2015-05-01

    The Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS) onboard the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) provided the first global characterization of He and Ar along with the discovery of Ne in the lunar exosphere. The mapping of the equatorial distribution of these noble gases revealed new selenographic and temporal variations. Helium was found to be controlled by the supply of solar wind alpha particles and by the presence of an endogenous source that supplies the exosphere at a rate of 1.9 × 1023 atoms s-1. Neon was detected over the nightside at levels comparable to He and was found to exhibit the spatial distribution of a surface accommodated noncondensable gas. The global measurements of NMS revealed the presence of a localized Ar enhancement that has never been identified before at the western maria. The variability resulting from this local enhancement is coupled to a more global but transient source.

  1. INVESTING FORMULA ENFORCEABLE BILL OF EXCHANGE, PROMISSORY NOTES AND CHECK

    OpenAIRE

    SILVIA - ELENA OLARU

    2011-01-01

    Right bills constituted a proper, solemn and formal training both bills of exchange, promissory notes or checks, but also in terms of bills receivable realization and autonomy is manifested in the sphere of application, and in priority and exclusivity of its incidence from common law, namely the Civil Procedure Code. Legal rules relating to bills of rights realization is a perfect rigorous regime. The special regime, derogating governing procedure execution quality bills is justified and bill...

  2. The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spremo, Stevan; Turner, Mark; Caffrey, Robert T.; Hine, Butler Preston

    2010-01-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) is a Lunar science orbiter mission currently under development to address the goals of the National Research Council decadal surveys and the recent "Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon" (SCEM) [1] report to study the pristine state of the lunar atmosphere and dust environment prior to significant human activities. LADEE will determine the composition of the lunar atmosphere and investigate the processes that control its distribution and variability, including sources, sinks, and surface interactions. LADEE will also determine whether dust is present in the lunar exosphere, and reveal the processes that contribute to its sources and variability. These investigations are relevant to our understanding of surface boundary exospheres and dust processes throughout the solar system, address questions regarding the origin and evolution of lunar volatiles, and have potential implications for future exploration activities. LADEE employs a high heritage science instrument payload including a neutral mass spectrometer, ultraviolet spectrometer, and dust sensor. In addition to the science payloads, LADEE will fly a laser communications system technology demonstration that could provide a building block for future space communications architectures. LADEE is an important component in NASA's portfolio of near-term lunar missions, addressing objectives that are currently not covered by other U.S. or international efforts, and whose observations must be conducted before large-scale human or robotic activities irrevocably perturb the tenuous and fragile lunar atmosphere. LADEE will also demonstrate the effectiveness of a low-cost, rapid-development program utilizing a modular bus design launched on the new Minotaur V launch vehicle. Once proven, this capability could enable future lunar missions in a highly cost constrained environment. This paper describes the LADEE objectives, mission design, and technical

  3. 49 CFR 377.205 - Presentation of freight bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Presentation of freight bills. 377.205 Section 377... Household Goods Freight Forwarders § 377.205 Presentation of freight bills. (a) “To be prepaid” shipments... freight bill or a group of freight bills presented at one time shall state that “failure timely to...

  4. 42 CFR 424.540 - Deactivation of Medicare billing privileges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deactivation of Medicare billing privileges. 424... Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.540 Deactivation of Medicare billing privileges. (a) Reasons for deactivation. CMS may deactivate a provider or supplier's Medicare billing...

  5. Electoral (Amendment) (Hours of Polling) Bill 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Hunt, Brian; Doyle, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament of Ireland). An Act to set voting hours for Dáil Elections, Dáil Bye-Elections, Presidential Elections, European Parliament Elections, Local Government Elections and Referenda ...

  6. 2004 energy bill of the France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document analyzes the energy bill in France (28,35 milliards of euros), which increased of 24,1 % in 2004. This increase is due to the net imports and especially the fossil fuels. Statistical data and the presentation of Patrick Devedjian, delegated ministry for the Industry, illustrate this economic analysis. (A.L.B.)

  7. Bill Gates,Head of Microsoft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐鸿钧

    2001-01-01

    As a teenager in 1972, Bill Gates once said that he would be a millionaire by the time he was 20. Only 15 years later he was a billionaire. And by 1992, as head of the Microsoft company,he became the richest man in America with assets(资产) ofabout US$ 6. 3 billion.

  8. Summary of the results from the Lunar Dust Experiment (LDEX) onboard the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment (LADEE) Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horanyi, Mihaly

    2016-07-01

    The Lunar Dust Experiment (LDEX) onboard the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) mission (9/2013 - 4/2014) discovered a permanently present dust cloud engulfing the Moon. The size, velocity, and density distributions of the dust particles are consistent with ejecta clouds generated from the continual bombardment of the lunar surface by sporadic interplanetary dust particles. Intermittent density enhancements were observed during several of the annual meteoroid streams, especially during the Geminids. LDEX found no evidence of the expected density enhancements over the terminators where electrostatic processes were predicted to efficiently loft small grains. LDEX is an impact ionization dust detector, it captures coincident signals and full waveforms to reliably identify dust impacts. LDEX recorded average impact rates of approximately 1 and 0.1 hits/minute of particles with impact charges of q > 0.5 and q > 5 fC, corresponding to particles with radii of a > 0.3 and a> 0.7~μm, respectively. Several of the yearly meteor showers generated sustained elevated levels of impact rates, especially if their radiant direction intersected the lunar surface near the equatorial plane, greatly enhancing the probability of crossing their ejecta plumes. The characteristic velocities of dust particles in the cloud are on the order of ~100 m/s which we neglect compared to the typical spacecraft speeds of 1.6 km/s. Hence, with the knowledge of the spacecraft orbit and attitude, impact rates can be directly turned into particle densities as functions of time and position. LDEX observations are the first to identify the ejecta clouds around the Moon sustained by the continual bombardment of interplanetary dust particles. Most of the dust particles generated in impacts have insufficient energy to escape and follow ballistic orbits, returning to the surface, 'gardening' the regolith. Similar ejecta clouds are expected to engulf all airless planetary objects, including

  9. Freedom of Religion under Bills of Rights

    OpenAIRE

    Rochow, Neville; Babie, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Chapter 1 Paul Babie and Neville Rochow, Protecting Religious Freedom under Bills of Rights: Australia as Microcosm Chapter 2 Ngaire Naffine, How Religion Constrains Law and the Idea of Choice Chapter 3 Bruce Kaye, Is the Emperor Wearing the Wrong Clothes? Human Rights and Social Good in the Context of Australian Secularity: Theological Perspectives Chapter 4 Alan Cadwallader, Anniversary overlap: or what happens when St Paul meets the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Chapter 5 Neil Fost...

  10. Sharp rise of the energy bill in 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    France's energy bill increased by 32% in 2011 from 46 to 61 billion euros, this increase was mainly due to soaring oil prices (+40 % in 2011). In 2011 the energy bill represented 88% of France's trade deficit

  11. 9 CFR 590.130 - Basis of billing plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basis of billing plants. 590.130... of Service § 590.130 Basis of billing plants. Overtime and/or holiday services shall be billed to the official plant on the basis of each 15 minutes of overtime and/or holiday service performed by...

  12. 42 CFR 408.90 - Termination of group billing arrangement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Termination of group billing arrangement. 408.90 Section 408.90 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... § 408.90 Termination of group billing arrangement. (a) A group billing arrangement may be...

  13. Principles of the Energy Conservation Bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes 21 principles of the draft Energy Conservation Bill. The principles lay down fundamental responsibilities of the government, the municipalities, business entities, citizens and power plants in the field of economical energy management. Included are principles to minimize energy consumption and to stimulate a reasonable energy management, the role of the energy distribution network, responsibilities of the central load dispatching center, and power plant output regulation schemes. (J.B.)

  14. 44 CFR 354.6 - Billing and payment of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and payment of fees. 354.6 Section 354.6 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY... EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM § 354.6 Billing and payment of fees. (a) Electronic billing and payment....

  15. Constitutionality of the Plachimada Tribunal Bill, 2011: An Assessment - Comment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujith Koonan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The Plachimada Coca-Cola Victims Relief and Compensation Claims Special Tribunal Bill, 2011 was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of a special tribunal to settle disputes between the local residents and the Hindustan Coca Cola Company in Plachimada for recovery of compensation for damages caused to individuals, property and the environment by the company. The Bill is reserved for the assent of the President of India. In the meantime, the central government has sought clarifications on the Kerala government’s competence under the Constitution to adopt the Bill. The major issue is the perceived inconsistency between the Bill and some of the central environmental laws. Thus, the constitutional validity of the Bill is in doubt. In this background, this paper examines the issue of legislative competence of the Kerala government to adopt the Bill.

  16. 41 CFR 102-118.155 - How does my agency handle supplemental billings from the TSP after payment of the original bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... handle supplemental billings from the TSP after payment of the original bill? 102-118.155 Section 102-118... Transportation and Transportation Services § 102-118.155 How does my agency handle supplemental billings from the... billings using the same procedures as on an original billing. If the TSP disputes the findings, your...

  17. Weighing and control of bulk material in ship-lading process at harbor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author describes a new weighing and control system for bulk material in ship-loading process at harbor. It adopts nuclear radiation measurement, computer control and digital signal process techniques to weigh the bulk material with no-touch with the advantages of stability and anti-jamming. The measure accuracy reaches to 0.5% - 1.0%. It is was applicable in the bad condition of ship-loading spot at harbor

  18. Constitutionality of the Plachimada Tribunal Bill, 2011: An Assessment - Comment

    OpenAIRE

    Sujith Koonan

    2011-01-01

    The Plachimada Coca-Cola Victims Relief and Compensation Claims Special Tribunal Bill, 2011 was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of a special tribunal to settle disputes between the local residents and the Hindustan Coca Cola Company in Plachimada for recovery of compensation for damages caused to individuals, property and the environment by the company. The Bill is reserved for the assent of the President of India. In the ...

  19. Human-Centered Design Bill of Rights for Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugar, William A.

    This paper presents a potential solution to encourage technology adoption and integration within schools by proposing a human-centered technology "bill of rights" for educators. The intention of this bill of rights it to influence educators' beliefs towards technology and to enable educators to confront with confidence the seemingly mesmerizing…

  20. China : Development of National Heat Pricing and Billing Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Meyer, Anke Sofia; Kalkum, Bernd

    2008-01-01

    Market-based reforms in China's urban centralized heating sector are essential to addressing the perpetual inefficiency of a sector built on welfare based principles. The reform of heat pricing and billing is a crucial part of overall heat reform, since it will commodity heat and thus create economic incentives to provide and use heat much more efficiently. Heat pricing and billing reform ...

  1. 18 CFR 420.33 - Payment of bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Payment of bills. 420.33 Section 420.33 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Entitlement; Measurement; Billing § 420.33...

  2. 19 CFR 142.26 - Delinquent payment of Customs bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delinquent payment of Customs bills. 142.26 Section 142.26 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Delinquent payment of Customs bills. The following procedures shall be followed if an importer...

  3. 19 CFR 142.14 - Delinquent payment of Customs bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delinquent payment of Customs bills. 142.14 Section 142.14 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... of Customs bills. The following procedure shall be followed if an importer is substantially...

  4. 42 CFR 71.11 - Bills of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bills of health. 71.11 Section 71.11 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING FOREIGN QUARANTINE Measures at Foreign Ports § 71.11 Bills of health. A carrier at any foreign port clearing...

  5. 46 CFR 67.527 - Application for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature of a bill of sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... instruments in the nature of a bill of sale. 67.527 Section 67.527 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....527 Application for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature of a bill of sale. An application fee is charged for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature...

  6. Gloria Ladson-Billings: Biographical Information and List of References

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fecho, Bob

    2007-01-01

    This resource was developed by the National Writing Project's (NWP's) African American Learners Project and written by Bob Fecho from the Red Clay Writing Project in Georgia, in anticipation of the 2007 Urban Sites Conference keynote address by Dr. Gloria Ladson-Billings. Fecho discusses Ladson-Billings' 2006 American Educational Research…

  7. 9 CFR 381.39 - Basis of billing for overtime and holiday services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basis of billing for overtime and... Inspection; Overtime and Holiday Service; Billing Establishments § 381.39 Basis of billing for overtime and.... For billing purposes, 8 or more minutes shall be considered a full quarter hour. Billing will be...

  8. Billing tactics. Advantages of a professional billing service in radiation oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogardus, C

    1991-01-01

    An efficient billing system for your professional services must include the following items: 1. A significant amount of personal involvement by the physician in the origination of the patients' charges. 2. Friendly, courteous, and helpful personnel for patient interaction. 3. Timely and accurately posting of accounts. 4. An absolute separation of receipt of payments and account reconciliation. 5. A personal interest by the physician in the accounts receivable balance as well as monthly financial summaries of the ongoing business of your practice. 6. Knowledge of the patient's credit history and ability to pay for services. 7. Dedication to serving you in the most efficient cost-effective manner. 8. A method for remaining absolutely current on any changes occurring in the healthcare reimbursement sector. 9. Frequent meetings between the radiation oncologist and the service responsible for professional billing. 10. Timely review and management of all past due accounts making decisions toward collection or adjustment. 11. A method for tracking referral physician identification and disease categories which are now a part of Medicare billing requirements and should allow you to be able to graphically demonstrate trends in your practice referrals. PMID:10109722

  9. 22 CFR 201.32 - Suppliers of delivery services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 201.32 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT RULES AND PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO..., flight or inland carrier run number), date of the bill(s) of lading, the identity and address of the assured, and the identity and address of the assignee of the assured to whom payment has actually...

  10. 7 CFR 6.29 - Use of licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of lading from the country; and (2) A commercial invoice or bill of sale from the seller, showing the... commercial invoice. (d) If the article entered was purchased by the licensee via sale-in-transit, the... endorsed by the original consignee of the goods; (2) A certified copy of the commercial invoice or bill...

  11. The Trail Inventory of Bill Williams River NWR [Cycle 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all nonmotorized trails on Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory...

  12. Bill project on a new organisation of the electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A first text discusses the motivations of this bill project: to guarantee French supply security, to contribute to France economical competitiveness, to protect the environment, to give everybody access to energy, and to comply with the European energy market. It also comments the bill project content, the objectives aimed at through the different bill articles. These articles settle a regulated access to electricity and a regulatory frame for pricing, define provider responsibilities, deal with installation dismantling expenses. This presentation is followed by the bill text and by the report of an impact study of the implementation of a regulated access to electricity, of a capacity obligation, and of the evolution of regulated selling prices

  13. Will online bill payment spell the demise of paper checks?

    OpenAIRE

    James C. McGrath

    2005-01-01

    Over the past several years, the emergence and adoption of electronic payment instruments have acutely affected check usage. This transition has been especially evident at the point of sale as debit and credit cards have become pervasive. Today, the rapid growth of online bill payment looks to threaten checks’ last redoubt. However, bill payment technology is still in its adolescence; the interplay of many stakeholders in the industry, including technology firms, banks, billers, payment cards...

  14. Usefulness of Treasury Bill Futures as Hedging Instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Cicchetti, Paul; Dale, Charles; Vignola, Anthony

    1981-01-01

    In a recent article, Ederington (1979) examined the hedging performance of financial futures markets using a portfolio model derived from the hedging theories of Stein (1961) and Johnson (1960). His article concluded that GNMA futures were more effective than T-Bill futures in reducing price change risk. Moreover, in the short term, the performance of T-Bill futures in reducing risk was extremely poor. The purpose of this article is to determine whether these results are due to a misspecif...

  15. A method of billing third generation computer users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, P. N.; Hyter, D. R.

    1973-01-01

    A method is presented for charging users for the processing of their applications on third generation digital computer systems is presented. For background purposes, problems and goals in billing on third generation systems are discussed. Detailed formulas are derived based on expected utilization and computer component cost. These formulas are then applied to a specific computer system (UNIVAC 1108). The method, although possessing some weaknesses, is presented as a definite improvement over use of second generation billing methods.

  16. Efficiency of the Secondary T-Bill Market

    OpenAIRE

    Zdeněk Dvorný

    2004-01-01

    The article analyzes efficiency of the Czech treasury T-bill market and the interbank deposit market over period 1993 to 1999. An efficient market-expectation hypothesis and alternative preferred habitat hypothesis were selected to compare both the markets and to determine the extent to which they are affected by macroeconomic fundamentals. The results reveal that the treasury T-bill market is more effective compared to the interbank deposit market. This founding has strong implication in the...

  17. Making sense of the U.S. energy bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Now that the United States has a comprehensive energy bill, what does it mean? That's the question the nuclear industry has been wrestling with since the National Energy Strategy (H.R. 776) passed Congress and was signed into law by President Bush in October. The NUKEM Market Report polled nuclear experts for their opinions of the bill's impact. Their responses should shed some light on the legislation

  18. 12 CFR 810.1 - Description of Federal Financing Bank bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Description of Federal Financing Bank bills. 810.1 Section 810.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL FINANCING BANK FEDERAL FINANCING BANK BILLS § 810.1 Description of Federal Financing Bank bills. (a) General. Federal Financing Bank bills are bearer...

  19. The ethics of advertising, billing, and finances in psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Samuel; Vandecreek, Leon

    2008-05-01

    Psychotherapists must deal with practical business matters such as advertising, billing, collecting fees, and other practice management topics. We review the enforceable standards of the American Psychological Association's (2002) Ethics Code that deal with advertising, fees, billing, and related business matters in psychotherapy. Using a principle-based perspective, we link each of the standards to overarching ethical values and illustrate the concerns with case vignettes. We argue that understanding the moral foundations of ethical standards helps psychotherapists to implement with greater integrity the spirit and the letter of the standards with regard to advertising and business practices. PMID:18386792

  20. Contingency Trajectory Design for a Lunar Orbit Insertion Maneuver Failure by the LADEE Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genova, A. L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents results from a contingency trajectory analysis performed for the Lunar Atmosphere & Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) mission in the event of a missed lunar-orbit insertion (LOI) maneuver by the LADEE spacecraft. The effects of varying solar perturbations in the vicinity of the weak stability boundary (WSB) in the Sun-Earth system on the trajectory design are analyzed and discussed. It is shown that geocentric recovery trajectory options existed for the LADEE spacecraft, depending on the spacecraft's recovery time to perform an Earth escape-prevention maneuver after the hypothetical LOI maneuver failure and subsequent path traveled through the Sun-Earth WSB. If Earth-escape occurred, a heliocentric recovery option existed, but with reduced science capacapability for the spacecraft in an eccentric, not circular near-equatorial retrograde lunar orbit.

  1. Freedom of Movement (Common Travel Area) (Travel Documentation) Bill 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Hunt, Brian; Flanagan, Terence

    2014-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament). An Act to reinforce the Common Travel Area by providing for passport-free travel for persons who are entitled to travel within the Common Travel Area without a passport...

  2. The Interpretation of Dreams: Ladson-Billings, Freud, and Derrida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwalt, Kyle

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a critical and close reading of "The Dreamkeepers" (1994), by Gloria Ladson-Billings. The paper focuses primarily on the gendered nature of "being a teacher" and "being a student" as revealed in the dreamkeeper text, while maintaining its engagement with race and culture as it is manifested in the United States context. It…

  3. Comm for Small Sats: The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Communications Subsystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuroda, Vanessa M.; Allard, Mark R.; Lewis, Brian; Lindsay, Michael

    2014-01-01

    September 6, 2013 through April 21, 2014 marked the mission lifecycle of the highly successful LADEE (Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer) mission that orbited the moon to gather detailed information about the thin lunar atmosphere. This paper will address the development, risks, and lessons learned regarding the specification, selection, and deployment of LADEE's unique Radio Frequency based communications subsystem and supporting tools. This includes the Electronic Ground Support Equipment (EGSE), test regimes, and RF dynamic link analysis environment developed to meet mission requirements for small, flexible, low cost, high performance, fast turnaround, and reusable spacecraft communication capabilities with easy and reliable application to future similar low cost small satellite missions over widely varying needs for communications and communications system complexity. LADEE communication subsystem key components, architecture, and mission performance will be reviewed toward applicability for future mission planning, design, and utilization.

  4. 78 FR 76719 - Bill of Rights Day, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... hundred and thirty- eighth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2013-30277 Filed 12-17-13; 11:15 am] Billing code... among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.'' They understood that while these truths... centuries, these 10 Constitutional Amendments have served as a basis from which civil society could grow...

  5. 77 FR 32896 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... modify controlled airspace at Billings, MT (77 FR 20747). Interested parties were invited to participate... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a... FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The incorporation by reference in 14 CFR...

  6. The taxation of the petroleum products in the appropriation bill for 2001 and the correcting appropriation bill for 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides information on the petroleum products taxation in the framework of the appropriation bills. The following aspects are presented : the utilization of fuels more respectful of the environment, the taxation lightening measures, measures in favor of the transportation sector, the juridical references and elements for the economic situation. (A.L.B.)

  7. 77 FR 50449 - Revision of Department of Homeland Security Acquisition Regulation; Contractor Billing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... Regulation; Contractor Billing and Subcontractor Labor Hour Rates Under Time and Materials Contracts (HSAR... requirement for consistent practices for contractor labor hour records and labor hour billing. The first of... consistency between contractor recordkeeping and contractor proposal and billing practices. The proposed...

  8. The Sexual Harrasment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012: Commentary

    OpenAIRE

    Trilegal Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    The Lok Sabha (the Lower House of the Parliament) has, on 3 September 2012, passed the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012 (Bill). The Bill now remains to be passed by the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Parliament) and notified by the government, to become binding law. The wide ambit of the Bill and the severe consequences of non compliance are expected to have a potentially serious impact on employers failing to adhere to the provisions...

  9. A Critique of the Unemployment Insurance Amendment Bill, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Marius Olivier; Avinash Govindjee

    2015-01-01

    The contribution critically reflects on the proposed amendments to the Unemployment Insurance Act Act 63 of 2001 (the UIA / the Act), introduced via the provisions of the Unemployment Insurance Amendment Bill of 2015 (B25-2015). Several shortcomings and deficiencies are addressed and improvements introduced by the proposed amending legislation, including the extension of coverage to a wider range of beneficiaries, the extension of the period of benefits (to a maximum of 365 days), the increas...

  10. Algorithmic acquisition of diagnostic patterns in district heating billing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An application of algorithmic exploration of billing data is examined for fault detection, diagnosis (FDD) based on evaluation of present state and detection of unexpected changes in energy efficiency of buildings. Large data sets from district heating (DH) billing systems are used for construction of feature space, diagnostic rules and classification of the buildings according to their energy efficiency properties. The algorithmic approach automates discovering knowledge about common, thus accepted changes in buildings’ properties, in equipment and in habitants’ behavior reflecting progress in technology and life style. In this article implementation of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery (DMKD) method in supervision system with exemplary results based on real data is presented. Crucial steps of data processing influencing diagnostic results are described in details.

  11. 18 CFR 420.32 - Measurement and billing of water taken.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Measurement and billing... COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Entitlement; Measurement; Billing § 420.32 Measurement and billing of water taken. (a) The quantity and volume of waters used by...

  12. 9 CFR 307.6 - Basis of billing for overtime and holiday services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basis of billing for overtime and... AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION FACILITIES FOR INSPECTION § 307.6 Basis of billing for... quarter hours. For billing purposes, 8 or more minutes shall be considered a full quarter hour....

  13. 42 CFR 424.520 - Effective date of Medicare billing privileges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effective date of Medicare billing privileges. 424... Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.520 Effective date of Medicare billing privileges. (a) Surveyed, certified or accredited providers and suppliers. The effective date for...

  14. 42 CFR 424.550 - Prohibitions on the sale or transfer of billing privileges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibitions on the sale or transfer of billing... Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.550 Prohibitions on the sale or transfer of billing privileges. (a) General rule. A provider or supplier is prohibited from selling its...

  15. Ecology and Ethnobiology of the Slender-billed Grackle

    OpenAIRE

    Haemig, Paul D.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract A renaissance-era encyclopedia compiled by Fray Bernardino de Sahagun and his research group of elite native scholars from the Royal College of the Holy Cross, Tlatelolco, Valley of Mexico, provides new information on the Slender-billed Grackle (Quiscalus palustris), a bird that disappeared before modern field studies of it could be made. In sixteenth-century Mexico, this grackle nested in emergent aquatic vegetation and in towns. It was abundant, went around in flocks, an...

  16. Red-billed Leiothrix sexing is a matter of colour

    OpenAIRE

    Pagani-Núñez, E.; Senar, Juan Carlos; Tella, José Luis

    2013-01-01

    Capsule The Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea) is a superficially sexually monochromatic colourful bird native to the Indian subcontinent, which has colonized many locations across the world as an introduced species. We investigated the best method to accurately sex the species, capturing and measuring the colour and external morphometry of a sample of 57 individuals, which were later sexed molecularly from blood samples. We found that sexes showed no dimorphism in biometry or size of win...

  17. 41 CFR 101-26.803-3 - Reporting of discrepancies in transportation, shipments, material, or billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... discrepancies in transportation, shipments, material, or billings. 101-26.803-3 Section 101-26.803-3 Public... GSA or DOD Shipments, Material, or Billings § 101-26.803-3 Reporting of discrepancies in transportation, shipments, material, or billings. (a) Transportation-type discrepancies shall be processed...

  18. Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS) for the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collier, Michael R.; Mahaffy, Paul R.; Benna, Mehdi; King, Todd T.; Hodges, Richard

    2011-01-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) mission currently scheduled for launch in early 2013 aboard a Minotaur V will orbit the moon at a nominal periselene of 50 km to characterized the lunar atmosphere and dust environment. The science instrument payload includes a neutral mass spectrometer as well as an ultraviolet spectrometer and a dust detector. Although to date only He, Ar-40, K, Na and Rn-222 have been firmly identified in the lunar exosphere and arise from the solar wind (He), the lunar regolith (K and Na) and the lunar interior (Ar-40, Rn-222), upper limits have been set for a large number of other species, LADEE Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS) observations will determine the abundance of several species and substantially lower the present upper limits for many others. Additionally, LADEE NMS will observe the spatial distribution and temporal variability of species which condense at nighttime and show peak concentrations at the dawn terminator (e,g, Ar-40), possible episodic release from the lunar interior, and the results of sputtering or desorption processes from the regolith. In this presentation, we describe the LADEE NMS hardware and the anticipated science results.

  19. Errors in energy bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On request, the Dutch Association for Energy, Environment and Water (VEMW) checks the energy bills for her customers. It appeared that in the year 2000 many small, but also big errors were discovered in the bills of 42 businesses

  20. Impact of Rate Design Alternatives on Residential Solar Customer Bills. Increased Fixed Charges, Minimum Bills and Demand-based Rates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, Lori [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Davidson, Carolyn [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); McLaren, Joyce [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Miller, John [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-09-01

    With rapid growth in energy efficiency and distributed generation, electric utilities are anticipating stagnant or decreasing electricity sales, particularly in the residential sector. Utilities are increasingly considering alternative rates structures that are designed to recover fixed costs from residential solar photovoltaic (PV) customers with low net electricity consumption. Proposed structures have included fixed charge increases, minimum bills, and increasingly, demand rates - for net metered customers and all customers. This study examines the electricity bill implications of various residential rate alternatives for multiple locations within the United States. For the locations analyzed, the results suggest that residential PV customers offset, on average, between 60% and 99% of their annual load. However, roughly 65% of a typical customer's electricity demand is non-coincidental with PV generation, so the typical PV customer is generally highly reliant on the grid for pooling services.

  1. Diets of nestling Gull-billed Terns in coastal Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwin, R.M.; Eyler, T.B.; Hatfield, J.S.; McGary, S.

    1998-01-01

    We studied the diets of nestling Gull-billed Terns (Sterna nilotica) at colonies in coastal Virginia during the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996 as part of a long-term study of the species. No previous quantitative assessments had been made of diets of this species anywhere along the Atlantic Coast, and only a few observations had been reported from other coastal areas in the southern United States. During 80 h of observations over the two seasons, 757 feeding observations were made, primarily at two colony sites. We examined how prey type (fish, marine invertebrates, terrestrial prey) and size were influenced by year, tide cycle, season (early and late) and age of the young (small chicks 7 d). We did not find significant year differences, but all other factors revealed statistically significant results. Older (>7 d) chicks were fed relatively more terrestrial and marine invertebrate prey than were younger chicks. In June (early season), fewer fish and terrestrial prey were fed to chicks than later (July-August). Most prey were less than one bill length in size, with the majority of the smallest prey being marine invertebrates. Tide cycle influenced prey delivered with terrestrial prey becoming relatively more important during high and ebb periods than during low and flood tides when aquatic prey dominated. The major marine invertebrate prey taken was the fiddler crab (Uca spp.). Terrestrial prey consisted mostly of large odonates and orthopterans. Unlike earlier reports from Europe, we found no regurgitated food pellets in any of the colonies in either year. This study confirms that the Gull-billed Tern is an extremely opportunistic feeder and has adapted to a variety of habitats, helping to explain its cosmopolitan distribution.

  2. Bill Maurer

    OpenAIRE

    Lauren Tooker

    2014-01-01

    Professor Bill Maurer is a renowned cultural anthropologist who conducts research on law, property, money and finance, focusing on the technological infrastructures and social relations of exchange and payment. Professor Maurer graduated from Stanford University in 1994 with a PhD in Anthropology. He moved to UC Irvine in 1996 as Assistant Professor, going on to become Chair of UC Irvine’s Department of Anthropology (2005-2011) and Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the Socia...

  3. 41 CFR 102-118.65 - Can my agency receive electronic billing for payment of transportation services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... electronic billing for payment of transportation services? 102-118.65 Section 102-118.65 Public Contracts and... Transportation Services § 102-118.65 Can my agency receive electronic billing for payment of transportation... to use electronic billing for the procurement and billing of transportation services....

  4. Preliminary results from LADEE's Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benna, Mehdi; Mahaffy, Paul; Hodges, Richard

    2014-05-01

    The Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS) of the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Mission is a high sensitivity quadrupole mass spectrometer designed to measure the composition and variability of the tenuous lunar atmosphere. The instrument has been observing the lunar exosphere since 10/17/2013, initially from a near circular 250 km altitude orbit and since 11/11/2013 from an elliptical orbit that reaches to 30-60 km altitude near the sunrise terminator. During its first four months in orbit, the NMS instrument successfully detected exospheric helium, argon and neon and mapped their spatial and temporal variability. Furthermore, the NMS instrument was able to establish new upper limits for many other exospheric species either sputtered or thermally evolved from the lunar surface. This talk will summarize these preliminary results from the NMS measurements.

  5. What We Have Learned from the LADEE Mission (So Far)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elphic, Richard; Sternovsky, Zoltan; Sarantos, Menelaos; Benna, Mehdi; Cook, Amanda; Stubbs, Timothy; Colaprete, Anthony; Delory, Gregory; Glenar, David; Wooden, Diane; Szalay, Jamey; Hurley, Dana; Halekas, Jasper; Poppe, Andrew; Mahaffy, Paul; Hodges, Richard; Horanyi, Mihaly; Kempf, Sascha

    2016-07-01

    NASA's Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer, LADEE, concluded a fully successful investigation of the Moon's tenuous gas and dust atmosphere on April 18, 2014. LADEE hosted three science instruments to address atmospheric and dust objectives. The three science instruments were an ultraviolet-visible spectrometer (UVS), a neutral mass spectrometer (NMS), and a lunar dust experiment (LDEX). A mission overview and science instrument descriptions are available. LADEE entered a low-altitude, retrograde lunar orbit optimized for observations at the sunrise terminator, where surface temperatures rise abruptly. LADEE carried out observations over a wide range of local times and altitudes. Here we describe some of the initial results. LDEX measurements have revealed the presence of a tenuous but persistent "cloud" of small dust grains, from 0.7 μm in radius. The number density of these grains maximizes over the morning side of the Moon, the hemisphere on the "upstream" side of the Moon's motion about the sun. The cloud, with observed densities ranging between 0.4 - 4 x 10 ^{-3} m ^{-3}, is made up of ballistic ejecta from micrometeoroidal impacts on the lunar surface. The cloud density increases as the Earth-Moon system passes through known meteoroid streams, such as the Geminids, which are derived from cometary debris trails. LDEX data show no evidence for an electrostatically-lofted dust component. LADEE's NMS instrument immediately detected helium ( ^{4}He) in the lunar atmosphere during high altitude commissioning. At lower altitudes it also measured neon ( ^{20}Ne) and argon ( ^{40}Ar). NMS measurements revealed systematic variations in density and scale height for these three noble gas species. The diurnal variation of helium, neon and argon are largely controlled by surface temperature. Helium density closely tracks the input of He ^{++} from the solar wind; loss is by way of thermal escape. ^{ 20}Ne is a minor solar wind constituent, but it has a long

  6. Foundations of Freedom: A Living History of Our Bill of Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodehamel, John H.; And Others

    This book presents, in words and pictures, a history of the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution. Fifteen chapters in the book are entitled: (1) Origins; (2) The Colonial Experience; (3) The American Crisis: Road to Revolution; (4) New Order of the Ages; (5) The Bill of Rights; (6) The Civil War; (7) A Changing America; (8) War & Reaction; (9)…

  7. Contingency Trajectory Design for a Lunar Orbit Insertion Maneuver Failure by the Lunar Atmosphere Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genova, Anthony L.; Loucks, Michael; Carrico, John

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this extended abstract is to present results from a failed lunar-orbit insertion (LOI) maneuver contingency analysis for the Lunar Atmosphere Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) mission, managed and operated by NASA Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, CA. The LADEE spacecrafts nominal trajectory implemented multiple sub-lunar phasing orbits centered at Earth before eventually reaching the Moon (Fig. 1) where a critical LOI maneuver was to be performed [1,2,3]. If this LOI was missed, the LADEE spacecraft would be on an Earth-escape trajectory, bound for heliocentric space. Although a partial mission recovery is possible from a heliocentric orbit (to be discussed in the full paper), it was found that an escape-prevention maneuver could be performed several days after a hypothetical LOI-miss, allowing a return to the desired science orbit around the Moon without leaving the Earths sphere-of-influence (SOI).

  8. A Critical Discussion of "The Ethical Presuppositions behind the Library Bill of Rights."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Tony

    2002-01-01

    Discussion of the Library Bill of Rights focuses on paternalism and the dangers of Internet filtering, in response to a previous article that advocated revision of the Bill of Rights. Topics include ethical presuppositions; censorship; philosophical foundations; access; social contract theory; and utilitarianism. (LRW)

  9. Reality Bites: The Collision of Rhetoric, Rights, and Reality and the Library Bill of Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegand, Shirley A.

    1996-01-01

    Argues that the library profession should separate rhetoric from rights in the Library Bill of Rights to create two documents: a true Bill of Rights including only those principles demanded by the U.S. Constitution, and a Statement of Philosophy based on the American Library Association's (ALA) Code of Ethics. Contains the ALA Code of Ethics. (PEN)

  10. The Assisted Dying Bill and the role of the physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullock, Alexandra

    2015-08-01

    This article explores the role of the physician in the Assisted Dying Bill, which is currently progressing through the House of Lords. The Supreme Court decision in Nicklinson and Others has alerted Parliament to the possibility that the current prohibition against assisted suicide may breach Article 8 of the European Convention in relation to the right to choose how to end one's life. In this article, the role of healthcare professionals in the proposed legalisation of physician-assisted suicide is examined, together with consideration of key ethical concerns over who might be permitted to access assisted dying. Whether the proposed law presents an ethically sound alternative to the current prohibition against assisting in suicide is not clear, but Parliament must now respond in order to address human rights issues and the call to legalise medically assisted suicide. PMID:25575506

  11. THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT BILL-TRIMMING METHODS ON THE WELL-BEING OF PEKIN DUCKS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekin ducks are often bill-trimmed to prevent feather pecking and cannibalism, but this practice has been criticized because of the resulting potential for acute and chronic pain. The goal of this experiment was to compare two different bill-trimming methods, hot blade trimming with cautery (TRIM) a...

  12. Marketer consolidated billing : realizing the value of customer relationships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation focused on timely issues regarding marketer consolidated billing (MCB). MCB allows energy marketers to directly bill customers for both gas and electric commodities and distribution services. MCB is mandated by the Ontario Energy Board (OEB) in the electricity sector through the Retail Settlements Task Force and is proposed by the OEB in the Gas Distributor Access Rule. The main topics discussed in this paper were the new relationship under MCB, benefits for customers and challenges for marketers. The major obstacles for a successful MCB model were also proposed. The new MCB approach strengthens the relationship between the marketer and the customer. The MCB will allow both electricity and natural gas customers to choose marketers who bill for both delivery and gas on one bill

  13. Bill Maurer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren Tooker

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Professor Bill Maurer is a renowned cultural anthropologist who conducts research on law, property, money and finance, focusing on the technological infrastructures and social relations of exchange and payment. Professor Maurer graduated from Stanford University in 1994 with a PhD in Anthropology. He moved to UC Irvine in 1996 as Assistant Professor, going on to become Chair of UC Irvine’s Department of Anthropology (2005-2011 and Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the Social Sciences (2011-2013. In July 2013 he assumed his current role as Dean of UC Irvine’s School of Social Sciences. Professor Maurer has published on topics ranging from offshore financial services to mobile phone-enabled money transfers, Islamic finance, alternative currencies, and the future of money. He is founding director of the Institute for Money, Technology and Financial Inclusion, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and was the founding co-director of the Intel Science and Technology Center in Social Computing. He is the editor of six collections, as well as the author of Recharting the Caribbean: Land, Law and Citizenship in the British Virgin Islands (1997, Pious Property: Islamic Mortgages in the United States (2006, and Mutual Life, Limited: Islamic Banking, Alternative Currencies, Lateral Reason (2005. The latter received the Victor Turner Prize in 2005. Professor Maurer visited the University of Warwick in September 2014 under the auspices of Warwick’s Global Governance GRP.

  14. 42 CFR 424.535 - Revocation of enrollment and billing privileges in the Medicare program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... implementing regulations and the Department of Health and Human Services nonprocurement common rule at 45 CFR... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Revocation of enrollment and billing privileges in... Requirements for Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.535 Revocation of...

  15. 48 CFR 47.207-9 - Annotation and distribution of shipping and billing documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... billing documents. See 41 CFR part 102-118, Transportation Payment and Audit. (b) In instances of mass... distribution of shipping and billing documents. 47.207-9 Section 47.207-9 Federal Acquisition Regulations... for Transportation-Related Services 47.207-9 Annotation and distribution of shipping and...

  16. 42 CFR 1001.1701 - Billing for services of assistant at surgery during cataract operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS Permissive Exclusions § 1001.1701 Billing for services of assistant at surgery during cataract... surgery during a cataract operation, or (ii) Charges that include a charge for an assistant at surgery... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing for services of assistant at surgery...

  17. 19 CFR 24.34 - Vouchers; vendors' bills of sale; invoices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vouchers; vendors' bills of sale; invoices. 24.34... sale; invoices. (a) Vouchers or invoices for transportation and related services which are intended for...' bills of sale, or invoices for purchases or services other than personal do not require the...

  18. 47 CFR 69.604 - Billing and collection of access charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and collection of access charges. 69.604 Section 69.604 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Exchange Carrier Association § 69.604 Billing and collection of...

  19. 78 FR 70580 - Apria Healthcare LLC, Billing Department, Overland Park, Kansas; Notice of Negative Determination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Employment and Training Administration Apria Healthcare LLC, Billing Department, Overland Park, Kansas... on October 3, 2013 (78 FR 61392). Pursuant to 29 CFR 90.18(c) reconsideration may be granted under... 19, 2013, a former worker of Apria Healthcare LLC, Billing Department, Overland Park, Kansas...

  20. 78 FR 7387 - Continuation of 2008 Farm Bill-Dairy Forward Pricing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ....usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Dairy Forward Pricing Program (73 FR 64868) allows producers..., 2008 (73 FR 64868). The 2008 Farm Bill initially prohibited new forward contracts from being entered... Agricultural Marketing Service Continuation of 2008 Farm Bill--Dairy Forward Pricing Program...

  1. 9 CFR 73.6 - Placarding means of conveyance and marking billing of shipments of treated scabby cattle or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marking billing of shipments of treated scabby cattle or cattle exposed to scabies. 73.6 Section 73.6... Placarding means of conveyance and marking billing of shipments of treated scabby cattle or cattle exposed to... intention being that the billing accompanying the shipment shall be marked and the means of...

  2. 77 FR 64126 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal of Public Land for the Buffalo Bill Dam and Reservoir Modification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Proposed Withdrawal of Public Land for the Buffalo Bill Dam and... recreational facilities constructed in connection with the Buffalo Bill Dam and Reservoir Modification Project... recreation site in the Buffalo Bill Dam and Reservoir Modification Project area: Sixth Principal Meridian...

  3. Determination of metals in water from Billings dam, Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Talita; Sarkis, Jorge E.S.; Ulrich, Joao C.; Yamaguishi, Renata Bazante, E-mail: taoliveira@ipen.br, E-mail: jesarkis@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Menezes, Luciana Carvalho Bezerra de; Castro, Paula Maria Genova de; Monteiro Junior, Adalberto Jose; Maruyama, Lidia Sumile, E-mail: lcbm@usp.br [Instituto de Pesca, (IP/SAA-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Secretaria da Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de Sao Paulo

    2013-07-01

    The Billings reservoir, located in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is used for several purposes such as: water supply, electric generation, fishing and leisure. Although considered an area of environmental protection, in recent years the dam has suffered diverse environmental aggressions including the release of toxic metals. This study presents a recent evaluation of metal contents along the Dam. Samples were collected every three months during the period of winter 2009 to summer 2010. Samples were collected in thirteen points along of the dam, as follows: Rio dos Porcos (Point 1), Summit Control (Point 2), Ilha do Bigua (Point 3), Casa Caida (Point 4), Barragem (Point 5), Foz de Taquacetuba (Point 6), Braco Borore (Point 7), Foz de Borore (Point 8), Alvarenga (Point 9), Pedreira (Point 10), Borore's Margin (Point 11), Capivari I's Margin (Point 12) and Capivari II's Margin (Point 13). The determination of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn was performed by using high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (HR-ICPMS). The methodology has been validated using certified reference material Riverine Water Reference Material for Trace Metals provided by National Research Council Canada (NRCC). The sampling points located in the Pedreira, Borore's Margin, Alvarenga, Barragem Taquacetuba, Casa Caida e Ilha do Bigua presented the highest concentrations. The level for Fe, Cu and Ni were higher than the ones reported in the literature and above the limit set by CONAMA 2914/201. (author)

  4. Determination of metals in water from Billings dam, Sao Paulo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Billings reservoir, located in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is used for several purposes such as: water supply, electric generation, fishing and leisure. Although considered an area of environmental protection, in recent years the dam has suffered diverse environmental aggressions including the release of toxic metals. This study presents a recent evaluation of metal contents along the Dam. Samples were collected every three months during the period of winter 2009 to summer 2010. Samples were collected in thirteen points along of the dam, as follows: Rio dos Porcos (Point 1), Summit Control (Point 2), Ilha do Bigua (Point 3), Casa Caida (Point 4), Barragem (Point 5), Foz de Taquacetuba (Point 6), Braco Borore (Point 7), Foz de Borore (Point 8), Alvarenga (Point 9), Pedreira (Point 10), Borore's Margin (Point 11), Capivari I's Margin (Point 12) and Capivari II's Margin (Point 13). The determination of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn was performed by using high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (HR-ICPMS). The methodology has been validated using certified reference material Riverine Water Reference Material for Trace Metals provided by National Research Council Canada (NRCC). The sampling points located in the Pedreira, Borore's Margin, Alvarenga, Barragem Taquacetuba, Casa Caida e Ilha do Bigua presented the highest concentrations. The level for Fe, Cu and Ni were higher than the ones reported in the literature and above the limit set by CONAMA 2914/201. (author)

  5. The Sexual Harrasment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Ministry of Labour and Employment MoL&E

    2012-01-01

    The Lok Sabha (the Lower House of the Parliament) has, on 3 September 2012, passed the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012. The Bill now remains to be passed by the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Parliament) and notified by the government, to become binding law. The wide ambit of the Bill and the severe consequences of non compliance are expected to have a potentially serious impact on employers failing to adhere to the provisions of the...

  6. 47 CFR 64.1510 - Billing and collection of pay-per-call and similar service charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and collection of pay-per-call and... Pay-Per-Call and Other Information Services § 64.1510 Billing and collection of pay-per-call and... pay-per-call services and offering billing and collection services to such provider shall: (1)...

  7. 34 CFR 674.48 - Use of contractors to perform billing and collection or other program activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of contractors to perform billing and collection or... LOAN PROGRAM Due Diligence § 674.48 Use of contractors to perform billing and collection or other program activities. (a) The institution is responsible for ensuring compliance with the billing...

  8. Indicator Properties of the Paper—Bill Spread: Lessons from Recent Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Friedman, Benjamin Morton; Kuttner, Kenneth N.

    1998-01-01

    A feature of U.S. postwar business cycle experience that is by now widely documented is the tendency of the spread between the respective interest rates on commercial paper and Treasury bills to widen shortly before the onset of recessions. By contrast, the paper—bill spread did not anticipate the 1990–1991 recession. Empirical work presented in this paper supports two (not mutually exclusive) explanations for this departure from past experience. First, at least part of the paper—bill spread'...

  9. Indicator Properties of the Paper—Bill Spread: Lessons from Recent Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Kuttner, Kenneth N.; Friedman, Benjamin Morton

    1998-01-01

    A feature of U.S. postwar business cycle experience that is by now widely documented is the tendency of the spread between the respective interest rates on commercial paper and Treasury bills to widen shortly before the onset of recessions. By contrast, the paper—bill spread did not anticipate the 1990–1991 recession. Empirical work presented in this paper supports two (not mutually exclusive) explanations for this departure from past experience. First, at least part of the paper—bill s...

  10. Indicator Properties of the Paper-Bill Spread: Lessons from Recent Experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Benjamin M. Friedman; Kuttner, Kenneth N.

    1994-01-01

    A feature of U.S. post-war business cycle experience that is by now widely documented is the tendency of the spread between the respective interest rates on commercial paper and Treasury bills to widen shortly before the onset of recessions. By contrast, the paper- bill spread did not anticipate the 1990-91 recession. Empirical work presented in this paper supports two (not mutually exclusive) explanations for this departure from past experience. First, at least part of the paper-bill spread'...

  11. The Canadian Treasury Bill Auction and the Term Structure of Interest Rates

    OpenAIRE

    Lise Godbout; Paul Storer; Christian Zimmermann

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines the efficiency of the Canadian treasury bill market as measured by the performance of the expectations model of the term structure of interest rates. In particular, market efficiency is shown to depend upon certain institutional features of the treasury bill auction process. Building on past work by Campbell and Galbraith (1997), the paper establishes links between rejections of efficiency and high absolute values of the spread between six and three month interest rates. T...

  12. Determinants of the spread between Treasury bill and private sector money market rates

    OpenAIRE

    Timothy Q. Cook

    1980-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the reasons underlying the variable and sometimes very large differentials between United States Treasury bill rates and private sector U.S. money market rates of comparable maturity.

  13. Health providers’ compliance with pregnant women's Bill of Rights in labor and delivery in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mirlohi, Vajihesadat; Ehsanpour, Soheila; Kohan, Shahnaz

    2015-01-01

    Background: Delivery is one of the most important crises with mental, social, and deep emotional dimensions in women's life. Health providers’ respect to pregnant women's Bill of Rights, as an important component of providing humanistic and ethical care, is of utmost importance. This study aimed to determine health providers’ compliance with the pregnant women's Bill of Rights in labor and delivery and some of its related factors in 2013. Materials and Methods: This descriptive, cross-section...

  14. THE ECOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR OF THE LONG BILLED CURLEW (NUMENIUS AMERICANUS) IN SOUTHEASTERN WASHINGTON

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Julia N. Fitzner

    1978-06-01

    The primary objective of this study was to examine in depth the nesting ecology and behavior of the Long-billed Curlew on a breeding area relatively free of disruptive human activity. Two surruners of field work were devoted to that end; a post-breeding season survey in 1976 of the major National Wildlife Refuges in Washington, Southern Idaho, Utah, Nevada California, and Oregon enlarged the scope by including unpublished records of Long-billed Curlews in these areas.

  15. Billing and coding knowledge: a comparative survey of professional coders, practicing orthopedic surgeons, and orthopedic residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiley, Kevin F; Yousuf, Tariq; Pasque, Charles B; Yousuf, Khalid

    2014-06-01

    Medical knowledge and surgical skills are necessary to become an effective orthopedic surgeon. To run an efficient practice, the surgeon must also possess a basic understanding of medical business practices, including billing and coding. In this study, we surveyed and compared the level of billing and coding knowledge among current orthopedic residents PGY3 and higher, academic and private practice attending orthopedic surgeons, and orthopedic coding professionals. According to the survey results, residents and fellows have a similar knowledge of coding and billing, regardless of their level of training or type of business education received in residency. Most residents would like formal training in coding, billing, and practice management didactics; this is consistent with data from previous studies. PMID:24945481

  16. Measuring patterns of price movements in the Treasury bill futures market

    OpenAIRE

    Dale, Charles; Workman, Rosemarie

    1981-01-01

    There has been tremendous growth in interest rate futures markets since their beginning in 1975, both in terms of trading volume and the proliferation of new types of contracts. This paper focuses on the Treasury bill futures market and uses a descriptive statistic which was devised by Holbrook Working for the express purpose of analyzing price movements in commodity futures markets. When applied to the Treasury bill futures market, the statistic has been able to discover patterns of price mo...

  17. ANTICIPATORY HEDGING WITH TREASURY BILLS: THE CASE OF A BANK FOR COOPERATIVES

    OpenAIRE

    Alan K. Severn

    1985-01-01

    Agricultural cooperatives find it difficult to forecast their interest costs and net income. If input and output prices are fixed, anticipatory hedging of future interest costs is appropriate. Banks for Cooperatives obtain funds in maturities longer than the three months of Treasury bills. Hence, anticipatory hedging of interest rates may require selling a "strip" of more than one Treasury bill futures contract. Adapting Peck's model of hedges against forecast error, hedge ratios generally ex...

  18. A Survey of Texas HIV, Sexually Transmitted Disease, Tuberculosis, and Viral Hepatitis Providers' Billing and Reimbursement Capabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Matthew B; Atwood, Robin; Greenberg, Jennifer B; Ray, Tara; Harris, Karol Kaye

    2015-11-01

    The Affordable Care Act presents financial challenges and opportunities for publicly funded service providers. We assessed billing practices and anticipated barriers to third-party billing among organizations in Texas that provide publicly funded HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, and viral hepatitis services. One third to one half of the organizations did not bill for medical services. The most common barrier to third-party billing was lack of staff knowledge about billing and coding. Future research must evaluate options for organizations and communities to maintain access to infectious disease services for vulnerable populations. PMID:26447911

  19. A Survey of Texas HIV, Sexually Transmitted Disease, Tuberculosis, and Viral Hepatitis Providers’ Billing and Reimbursement Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwood, Robin; Greenberg, Jennifer B.; Ray, Tara; Harris, Karol Kaye

    2015-01-01

    The Affordable Care Act presents financial challenges and opportunities for publicly funded service providers. We assessed billing practices and anticipated barriers to third-party billing among organizations in Texas that provide publicly funded HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, and viral hepatitis services. One third to one half of the organizations did not bill for medical services. The most common barrier to third-party billing was lack of staff knowledge about billing and coding. Future research must evaluate options for organizations and communities to maintain access to infectious disease services for vulnerable populations. PMID:26447911

  20. Senate approves global warming bill; House bill introduced

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article examines the Senate approved global warming bill and its impact to the Department of Energy (DOE) and the power industry. The bill requires stabilization or reduction of the greenhouse gases produced by the United States by the year 2005. DOE is required to develop a least-cost national energy strategy. A similar bill has been introduced into the House

  1. "Liquidity, Uncertainty, and the Declining Predictive Power of the Paper-bill Spread"

    OpenAIRE

    J. Peter Ferderer; Stephen C. Vogt; Ravi Chahil

    1994-01-01

    This paper addresses two questions. First, what causes the paper-bill spread to vary over time in anticipation of income fluctuations’? Second, why has the predictive power of the spread declined in recent years? Consistent with previous empirical work, the paper provides evidence for the default-risk, monetary, and cash-flow hypotheses. Moreover, new evidence is provided for the liquidity hypothesis by showing that uncertainty has a strong impact on the paper-bill spread. This finding holds ...

  2. Ontario electricity bill review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Findings of an independent review of charges to electricity bills and recommendations to assist in the development of a standard, province-wide residential electricity bill for Ontario are discussed. The review was requested by the province's Minister of Energy in an effort to dispel growing confusion about the variations in customer billing practices used by the province's 90+ local distribution companies. Key recommendations and findings were as follows: (1)Consumer bill formats issued by local distribution companies should be more consumer-friendly, adhere to minimum design standards, adapt uniform terminology and common line charges; (2) charges on customer bills should be grouped into four standard line items, with full details available to customers: the four line items should be a basic service charge, a charge for delivering electricity to the customer, a charge for the electricity itself, and a separate charge for retiring the outstanding debt of the former Ontario Hydro; (3) bills should take advantage of opportunities for promoting province-wide energy conservation, such as encouraging the long-term use of interval meters, presenting historical consumption data on residential bills on a period-to-period basis, and education and communications initiatives. Details of the recommendations, including the calculation of the fixed and variable components of usage charges, an explanation of the concept of electricity system loss adjustments, a method for phasing in the recommendations, and the anticipated benefits to consumers are provided

  3. A Lifetime of Geodesy and Geophysics: In Rememberence of Bill Kaula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David E.

    2000-01-01

    In the early 1960's the secrets that knowledge of the Earth's gravity field would eventually reveal about the processes that govern our planet were yet to be appreciated. It was the beginning of a new science known as space geodesy, which arose at a time when most efforts were devoted to understanding how to extract precise measurements of Earth structure and motions from an orbiting spacecraft. Bill Kaula was central to that beginning and showed the way for many who were to follow, both in time and in the development of approaches most likely to yield results. Bill laid out the theory, analyzed the data, and argued strenuously for a spacecraft mission devoted to measuring gravity to make it all come true in the way he knew it really could. That mission, GRACE, was a long time coming and Bill would not see its final staging, but his influence in making it happen was everywhere. With time, the concepts for measuring the static gravity field of the Earth and terrestrial planets became well advanced, although not universally agreed upon, and certainly not by Bill, who was always eager to argue and challenge traditional methods and thinking. The extension of space geodetic techniques to the planets and the development of new techniques to measure time variations in gravity have recently brought geodesy even closer to the geophysical processes that Bill sought to understand. This presentation will contain a little geodesy, a little history, and a little reminiscing about the leader in our field.

  4. The Anatomy of the bill Tip of Kiwi and Associated Somatosensory Regions of the Brain: Comparisons with Shorebirds

    OpenAIRE

    Cunningham, Susan J.; Corfield, Jeremy R.; Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Castro, Isabel; Alley, Maurice R.; BIRKHEAD, TIM R.; Parsons, Stuart

    2013-01-01

    Three families of probe-foraging birds, Scolopacidae (sandpipers and snipes), Apterygidae (kiwi), and Threskiornithidae (ibises, including spoonbills) have independently evolved long, narrow bills containing clusters of vibration-sensitive mechanoreceptors (Herbst corpuscles) within pits in the bill-tip. These ‘bill-tip organs’ allow birds to detect buried or submerged prey via substrate-borne vibrations and/or interstitial pressure gradients. Shorebirds, kiwi and ibises are only distantly re...

  5. The Impact of Treasury Bill Rate and Interest Rate On The Stock Market Returns: Case Of Ghana Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Augustine  Addo; Fidelis Sunzuoye

    2013-01-01

    Several studies have suggested that macroeconomic variables affect Stock market returns using Treasury bill rate as a measure of interest rate. The study examines the joint impact of  interest rates and Treasury bill rate on  stock market returns on Ghana Stock Exchange over the period between January 1995 and December 2011. Using Johansen’s Multivariate Cointegration Model and Vector Error  Correction Model the study establish that there is cointegration between Interest rate, Treasury bill ...

  6. Badali recommends simplified bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report on the variety of retail electricity bills across the province, authored by Salvatore Badali of Deloitte Consulting, was recently released by the Ontario Government. The report was commissioned by the Government to examine the underlying reasons for the significant format differences and the wide variation of fixed and variable charges among the approximately 95 local electricity distribution companies across the province. Regarding the appropriateness of the charges the report recommends common definitions for local distribution company (LDC) fixed and variable costs, and consideration of options for reducing LDC charges, mainly by consolidating the sector and sharing such services as customer billing, accounting and out sourcing operations. Seven recommendations deal with bill simplification. These include bills that are clear and easy to read and provide sufficient information for consumers to verify charges; promote energy conservation, e.g. by including historical information; allow comparisons between retail suppliers and distributors; accommodate revenue collection, marketing needs and other billing services. The report also recommends clearly defined and consistently used terminology for standardized line items, suggests ways to provide consumer information in a form useful for making energy conservation decisions, development of an LDC scorecard to enable stake holders to compare their own LDCs with LDCs around the province, creation of a conservation and bill calculation website, consideration of further use of shared services, and solutions to address the removal of line losses from invoices

  7. Meteoritic influence on sodium and potassium abundance in the lunar exosphere measured by LADEE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szalay, Jamey R.; Horányi, Mihály; Colaprete, Anthony; Sarantos, Menelaos

    2016-06-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) orbited the Moon for approximately 6 months, taking data with the Lunar Dust Experiment (LDEX), Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrometer (UVS), and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (NMS). Here we compare coincident LDEX measurements of meteoritic influx to exospheric column densities of Na and K derived by UVS. We report a strong correlation of exospheric potassium and meteoroid ejecta during the Geminids meteoroid shower, exhibiting a much stronger response than sodium. With the exception of the Geminids, we find a weak correlation between the sporadic meteoroid influx as measured by LDEX and exospheric density as measured by UVS.

  8. THE “NAKED FACE” OF SECULAR EXCLUSION: BILL 94 AND THE PRIVATIZATION OF BELIEF

    OpenAIRE

    Pascale Fournier; Erica See

    2015-01-01

    This article will consider the case study of Québec’s Bill 94 (An Act to establish guidelines governing accommodation requests within the Administration and certain institutions), introduced in March 2010, one of many recent bans imposed on the wearing of the niqab in the West. Citing the importance of “the right to gender equality and the principle of religious neutrality of the State,” Bill 94 emphasizes the necessity of “un visage découvert” or “naked face” when giving or receiving a broad...

  9. Lunar meteoritic gardening rate derived from in situ LADEE/LDEX measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szalay, Jamey R.; Horányi, Mihály

    2016-05-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) orbited the Moon for approximately 6 months, taking data with the Lunar Dust Experiment (LDEX). LDEX was uniquely equipped to characterize the current rate of lunar impact gardening as it measured the very particles taking part in this process. By deriving an average lunar dust density distribution, we calculate the rate at which exospheric dust rains back down onto the lunar surface. Near the equatorial plane, we find that approximately 40 μm/Myr of lunar regolith, with a cumulative size distribution index of 2.7, is redistributed due to meteoritic bombardment, a process which occurs predominantly on the lunar apex hemisphere.

  10. Transient Plume Model Testing Using LADEE Spacecraft Attitude Control System Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woronowicz, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We have learned it is conceivable that the Neutral Mass Spectrometer on board the Lunarr Atmosphere Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) could measure gases from surface-reflected Attitude Control System (ACS) thruster plume. At minimum altitude, the measurement would be maximized, and gravitational influence minimized ("short" time-of-flight (TOF) situation) Could use to verify aspects of thruster plume modeling Model the transient disturbance to NMS measurements due to ACS gases reflected from lunar surface Observe evolution of various model characteristics as measured by NMS Species magnitudes, TOF measurements, angular distribution, species separation effects

  11. Wild mallards have more "goose-like" bills than their ancestors: a case of anthropogenic influence?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pär Söderquist

    Full Text Available Wild populations of the world's most common dabbling duck, the mallard (Anas platyrhynchos, run the risk of genetic introgression by farmed conspecifics released for hunting purposes. We tested whether bill morphology of free-living birds has changed since large-scale releases of farmed mallards started. Three groups of mallards from Sweden, Norway and Finland were compared: historical wild (before large-scale releases started, present-day wild, and present-day farmed. Higher density of bill lamellae was observed in historical wild mallards (only males. Farmed mallards had wider bills than present-day and historical wild ones. Present-day wild and farmed mallards also had higher and shorter bills than historical wild mallards. Present-day mallards thus tend to have more "goose-like" bills (wider, higher, and shorter than their ancestors. Our study suggests that surviving released mallards affect morphological traits in wild population by introgression. We discuss how such anthropogenic impact may lead to a maladapted and genetically compromised wild mallard population. Our study system has bearing on other taxa where large-scale releases of conspecifics with 'alien genes' may cause a cryptic invasive process that nevertheless has fitness consequences for individual birds.

  12. 42 CFR 408.62 - Initial and subsequent billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Initial and subsequent billings. 408.62 Section 408....62 Initial and subsequent billings. (a) Monthly billing. (1) The first premium bill is for the period...) through the end of the first month after the month of billing. (2) Subsequent billings are for periods...

  13. The Determinants of U.S. Treasury Bill Rates: An Approach Based on A Vector Autoregressive Model (VAR)

    OpenAIRE

    Fadiga, Ismael Tanou

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation examines the determinants of U.S. Treasury bill rates based on vector autoregressions for the period 1959-2009. Our main conclusions are: (1) monetary base, inflation rate and output affect the dynamics of Treasury bill rates and those results are consistent with the theory in regards to the factors affecting yield curves. Accurately, we find that the growth rates of monetary base, inflation and output are all significant in explaining the growth of U.S. Treasury bill rates;...

  14. Utility bill comprehension in the commercial and industrialsector: results of field research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Payne, Christopher T.

    2000-06-02

    This paper presents the results of interviews conducted with 44 business people in 10 states to examine the use of the utility bill as an information mechanism for providing businesses with the relationship between energy consumption and cost. Our results indicate that there are significant barriers to the use of the utility bill as an information tool for energy consumers. Furthermore, we found significant variations among respondents in the information desired from the bill, and differences in decision-making criteria for investments aimed at reducing energy consumption and for those aimed at other forms of waste minimization. These results call into question the applicability of standard market theories in the purchase of energy by most businesses.

  15. Roger House, Blue Smoke: The Recorded Journey of Big Bill Broonzy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian O’Connell

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available It is surprising that a full biography of Big Bill Broonzy has not appeared since Yannick Bruynoghe’s collection of interviews with the singer in Big Bill Blues (1955. Broonzy recorded just under a thousand sides in his career, making him one of the most widely recorded blues musicians of the twentieth century. He was also one of the most important sources of information for blues scholars such as Alan Lomax and Paul Oliver who would go on to write up the history of the music. However, in th...

  16. Roger House, Blue Smoke: The Recorded Journey of Big Bill Broonzy.

    OpenAIRE

    Christian O’Connell

    2011-01-01

    It is surprising that a full biography of Big Bill Broonzy has not appeared since Yannick Bruynoghe’s collection of interviews with the singer in Big Bill Blues (1955). Broonzy recorded just under a thousand sides in his career, making him one of the most widely recorded blues musicians of the twentieth century. He was also one of the most important sources of information for blues scholars such as Alan Lomax and Paul Oliver who would go on to write up the history of the music. However, in th...

  17. 25 CFR 175.30 - Billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Billing. 175.30 Section 175.30 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.30 Billing. (a) Metered customers. The utility shall render bills at monthly...

  18. The declining supply of treasury bills and the Canadian money market

    OpenAIRE

    Serge Boisvert; Nancy Harvey

    1998-01-01

    The supply of treasury bills has fallen considerably since 1995, reflecting a decline in the financing needs of the Canadian government and a change in its debt-management strategy. This has had a major impact on different segments of the money market. Among the various implications of this development, the authors point out the decrease in turnover and, hence, liquidity in the treasury bill market since 1995, as well as high rates of growth in the market for short-term interest rate derivati...

  19. Bill related to the struggle against proliferation of mass destruction weapons and their vectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bill indicates the modifications brought to different French laws and codes (penal code, defence code, custom code) and defines provisions and penalties within the frame of struggle against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear weapons, biological weapons and toxin-based weapons, chemical weapons), and against the proliferation of their vectors. These modifications, provisions and penalties also concern double-use products. The bill also defines the modifications brought to the French penal procedure code. It finally addresses offenses related to these proliferations which can be considered as an act of terrorism

  20. 7 CFR 91.42 - Billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Billing. 91.42 Section 91.42 Agriculture Regulations... AND GENERAL INFORMATION Fees and Charges § 91.42 Billing. (a) Each billing cycle will end on the 25th... Financial Information System (FFIS) on the 1st day, following the end of the billing cycle in...

  1. Economic Aspects of Higher Education Taken Under the World War II Bill of Rights. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggertsson, Thrainn

    The aim of this thesis is to bring to bear the concepts, tools, and theories of human capital and human resources economics to evaluate the Federal Government's massive involvement in higher education under the World War II GI Bill of Rights. The major findings include estimates of total human capital formation by education, both during and after…

  2. Impact of the ring-billed gull (Larus delawarensis) on the microbiological quality of recreational water.

    OpenAIRE

    Benoît Leévesque; P. Brousseau; Simard, P; Dewailly, E; Meisels, M; Ramsay, D; Joly, J

    1993-01-01

    We evaluated the impact of the ring-billed gull (Larus delawarensis) on the microbiological quality of water. We measured fecal coliforms, Salmonella spp., and Aeromonas spp. in the gull droppings and the number of fecal coliforms in the water prior to and after attracting these birds to the beach with food. Gulls can contribute to the bacteriological degradation of recreational water.

  3. 论票据质押之设立方式%Ways of Making Pledge Bill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋翔

    2011-01-01

    The item 224th in "Property Law" and the 35th in "Bill Law" define two different ways for pledge bills, which leads to arguments and conflicts. The former requires that that the bill pledge should be developed along with written contract and bills with endorsement while the latter requires the "pledge" document. They are not contradictory in nature but there are different effect and functions. According to the characteristics of bill act, the "Bill Law" is more favorable for the right of Pawnees.%《物权法》第224条与《票据法》第35条规定了两种不同票据质押的设立方式,引起纷争。前者规定票据质押设立的要件为订立书面合同并交付票据,后者规定要件为作“质押”背书。二者在实质上并不冲突,为基础关系和票据关系的关系,二者设立的票据权利上的质押效力不同、行使方式不同。依据票据行为特征,根据《票据法》设立票据质押更有利于保障质权人的权利。

  4. Christian Librarians and the Ethics of the Library Bill of Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Kaihoi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study is the follow up to a pilot study entitled “Christian Librarians and the Library Bill of Rights: a survey of opinions and professional practice” published in the Spring 2014 issue of The Christian Librarian.  Using an online survey, it sought to discover how librarians working in a variety of contexts who self-identified as Christians responded to the ALA’s ethical standards as embodied in the Library Bill of Rights.  The results showed general support for the Library Bill of Rights and its ethics, though a majority of respondents had at least some way in which they adhered to the Library Bill of Rights less than fully, and a significant minority (around 40% had areas in which they differed with its ethics, usually in the form of feeling that certain types of content (e.g., pornography, harmful materials, etc. could or should be limited.  The responses in this survey would seem to support the notion that many Christian librarians do sometimes perceive a need to place the value of defending what they perceive to be true and right above the call to remain professionally impartial about certain kinds of content.

  5. 19 CFR 123.8 - Permit or special license to unlade or lade a vessel or vehicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Permit or special license to unlade or lade a vessel or vehicle. 123.8 Section 123.8 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO General Provisions § 123.8 Permit or special license to...

  6. A Descriptive Study of Students with Disabilities at Montana State University Billings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell, Thomas Francis

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze how the characteristics of age, major and type of disabilities for students who received services through Disability Support Services at Montana State University-Billings have changed from 1999 to 2011. Furthermore, this analysis contrasted local trends for types of disabilities with national…

  7. 2004 energy bill of the France; Facture energetique de la France en 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document analyzes the energy bill in France (28,35 milliards of euros), which increased of 24,1 % in 2004. This increase is due to the net imports and especially the fossil fuels. Statistical data and the presentation of Patrick Devedjian, delegated ministry for the Industry, illustrate this economic analysis. (A.L.B.)

  8. Aspects of chick growth in Gull-billed Terns in coastal Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwin, R.M.; Eyler, T.B.; Stotts, D.B.; Hatfield, J.S.

    1999-01-01

    Because of concerns about apparent population declines and low productivity of Gull-billed Terns (Sterna nilotica) along the coast of Virginia, we investigated whether food limitations may result in retarded growth rates of young. Several colonies of Gull-billed Terns were monitored from May to July each year from 1994 to 1996 on both sandy barrier islands and marsh/shellpile islands in coastal Virginia. Nests were visited one to three times a week to monitor clutch size and hatching success, and enclosures were installed around selected nests to monitor chick growth from hatching to at least two weeks of age. When comparing chick growth, we found significant year, habitat and hatch order effects. Chicks from marsh shellpiles had higher mass and culmen growth rates than did those from barrier islands, and first-hatched (A) chicks had significantly higher culmen growth rates than did second-hatched (B) chicks. Year effects were only found for mass growth rates. Growth rates of Gull- billed Terns in these Virginia colonies seem to be low relative to those of six other North American tern species from other geographic areas. These findings suggest that growth rates of young Gull-billed Terns, as well as other reproductive parameters, need to be examined in detail in other coastal areas such as Texas, where the species is more abundant, to determine whether our growth results are species- or region-specific.

  9. Specimen-based modeling, stopping rules, and the extinction of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.; Chao, Anne; Colwell, Robert K.; Hwang, Wen-Han; Graves, Gary R.

    2012-01-01

    stopping rules for terminating the search for missing or allegedly extinct species. These stopping rules are based on survey data for counts of co-occurring species that are encountered in the search for a target species. We illustrate both these methods with a case study of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker...

  10. 78 FR 69878 - AT&T Corporation, a Subsidiary of AT&T Inc., Business Billing Customer Care, Pittsburgh...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... in the Federal Register on July 2, 2013 (78 FR 39776). Workers at the subject firm were engaged in... Employment and Training Administration AT&T Corporation, a Subsidiary of AT&T Inc., Business Billing Customer..., a subsidiary of AT&T Inc., Business Billing Customer Care, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (subject...

  11. 77 FR 20747 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT...

  12. The Efficiency of the Treasury Bill Futures Market: An Analysis of Alternative Specifications

    OpenAIRE

    Vignola, Anthony; Dale, Charles

    1980-01-01

    Until the existence of financial futures, testing the determinants and the informational content of futures market prices has been difficult because of the vagaries associated with commodity markets. In the case of Treasury bill futures, the existence of an active secondary market and the resulting term structure of interest rates enables one to test alternative hypotheses about the prices of futures contracts. This study compares two alternative specifications of equilibrium futures prices...

  13. Components of an Anticancer Diet: Dietary Recommendations, Restrictions and Supplements of the Bill Henderson Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Laurie Heilman Bell; Marja Verhoef; Stacey Page; Cynthia Mannion

    2010-01-01

    The use of complementary and alternative medicines including dietary supplements, herbals and special diets to prevent or treat disease continues to be popular. The following paper provides a description of an alternative dietary approach to the self-management and treatment of cancer, the Bill Henderson Protocol (BHP). This diet encourages daily intake of raw foods, a combination of cottage cheese and flaxseed oil and a number of supplements. Some foods and food groups are restricted (e.g., ...

  14. Enhancing of Carriers’ Liabilities in the Rotterdam Rules – Too Expensive Costs for Navigational Safety?

    OpenAIRE

    P. Sooksripaisarnkit

    2014-01-01

    The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea (the ‘Rotterdam Rules’) was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 11 December 2008. The Rotterdam Rules contain two oft-criticised changes from the existing regime governing international carriage of goods widely adopted among maritime nations, namely the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Bills of Lading, Brussels, 25 August 1924...

  15. Knowledge and Attitude of Saudi Health Professions’ Students Regarding Patient’s Bill of Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salwa B. El-Sobkey

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Patient’s rights are worldwide considerations. Saudi Patient’s Bill of Rights (PBR which was established in 2006 contained 12 items. Lack of knowledge regarding the Saudi PBR limits its implementation in health facilities. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of health professions’ students at College of Applied Medical Sciences (CAMS Riyadh Saudi Arabia regarding the existence and content of Saudi PBR as well as their attitude toward its ineffectiveness. Method A 3-parts survey was used to collect data from 239 volunteer students participated in the study. Data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical statistics using SPSS. Results Results showed that although the majority of students (96.7% believe in the ineffectiveness of patient’s rights, half (52.3% of them had perceptual knowledge regarding the existence of Saudi PBR and only 7.9% of them were knowledgeable about some items (1–4 items of the bill. Privacy and confidentiality of patient was the most common known patient’s rights. Students’ academic level was not correlated to neither their knowledge regarding the bill existence or its content nor to their attitude toward the bill. The majority of the students (93% reported that only one course within their curriculum was patient’s rights-course related. About one quarter (23.4% of the students reported that teaching staff used to mention patient’s rights in their teaching sessions. Conclusion The Saudi health professions students at CAMS have positive attitude toward the ineffectiveness of patient’s rights nevertheless they showed limited knowledge regarding the existence of Saudi PBR and its contents. CAMS curriculums do not support the subject of patient’s rights.

  16. The Impact of Treasury Bill Rate and Interest Rate On The Stock Market Returns: Case Of Ghana Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustine  Addo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Several studies have suggested that macroeconomic variables affect Stock market returns using Treasury bill rate as a measure of interest rate. The study examines the joint impact of  interest rates and Treasury bill rate on  stock market returns on Ghana Stock Exchange over the period between January 1995 and December 2011. Using Johansen’s Multivariate Cointegration Model and Vector Error  Correction Model the study establish that there is cointegration between Interest rate, Treasury bill rate and stock market returns indicating long run relationship. On the basis of the Multiple Regression Analysis (OLS carried out by Eviews 7 program, the results show that Treasury bill rate and interest rate both have a negative relationship with stock market returns but  are not  significant. These results lend support to the idea that interest rate and Treasury bill rate has both  negative  relationship  but  weak predictive  power on stock market returns independently. The study conclude that interest rate and Treasury bill rate jointly impact on stock market returns in the long run. Understanding the effects of both  Treasury bill rate and interest rate dynamics on stock market returns will help investors, fund  and portfolio managers and firms make better investment decisions.

  17. Are acoustical parameters of begging call elements of thin-billed prions related to chick condition?

    OpenAIRE

    Quillfeldt, Petra; Poisbleau, Maud; Mundry, Roger; Masello, Juan F.

    2010-01-01

    Chicks of burrowing petrels use begging calls to advertise their hunger levels when parents arrived at the nest. In a previous study, adult thin-billed prions Pachyptila belcheri responded to higher begging call rates of their single chick by regurgitating larger meals. We tested whether acoustic parameters of begging call elements may also be involved in signalling. To describe variation in begging, we determined begging session parameters, namely the duration, number of calls and the mean a...

  18. The role of MNB bills in domestic financial markets. What is the connection between the large volume of MNB bills, bank lending and demand in the government securities markets?

    OpenAIRE

    Csaba Balogh

    2009-01-01

    The two-week MNB bill is a central component of Hungary’s monetary policy instruments; it is a key instrument of the central bank, the interest rate of which is identical to the central bank base rate. By mid-2009, the outstanding amount of MNB bills reached HUF 3,000 billion, which – in addition to representing one third of the central bank’s liabilities – accounts for a significant part of the domestic banking sector’s liquid assets. By using the two-week bill to absorb the excess liquidity...

  19. A right to cultural identity in a UK Bill of Rights?

    OpenAIRE

    Craig, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    This article considers the possible inclusion of a right to cultural identity in a UK Bill of Rights, highlighting the centrality of culture to debates about the accommodation of diversity in the UK as well as the increased recognition of the importance of cultural rights under international human rights law. The article argues that the inclusion of a minimal minority rights guarantee based on Article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966 would be an innocuous s...

  20. Atomic Energy Authority Bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the third reading of the Atomic Energy Authority Bill the following matters were discussed: safety research and thermal reactor work - how funded when the Authority is operating on trading fund basis; future financial framework of the Authority; capital investment; loans; effect of change on Authority employees. (U.K.)

  1. 3 CFR 8464 - Proclamation 8464 of December 9, 2009. Human Rights Day, Bill of Rights Day, And Human Rights...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... are the core of our Declaration of Independence, our Constitution, and our Bill of Rights. They are... America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States,...

  2. The impact of gun control (Bill C-51) on suicide in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leenaars, Antoon A; Moksony, Ferenc; Lester, David; Wenckstern, Susanne

    2003-01-01

    Suicide is a multiply determined behavior, calling for diverse prevention efforts. Gun control has been proposed as an important component of society's response, and an opportunity for studying the effects of legislative gun control laws on suicide rates was provided by Canada's Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1977 (Bill C-51). This article reviews previous studies of the impact of this act on the total population of Canada and subpopulations by age and gender and, in addition, presents the results of 2 new studies: a different method of analysis, an interrupted time-series analysis, and the results of a multiple regression analysis that controls for some social variables. It appears that Bill C-51 may have had an impact on suicide rates, even after controls for social variables. PMID:12675070

  3. Fundred Dollar Bill Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Mary

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the Fundred Dollar Bill Project which is an innovative artwork made of millions of drawings. This creative collective action is intended to support Operation Paydirt, an extraordinary art/science project uniting three million children with educators, scientists, healthcare professionals, designers, urban planners, engineers,…

  4. Bill project modified by the Senate on a new organisation of the electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains the modifications introduced by the French Senate in a bill project voted by the National Assembly which addresses a new organization of the electricity market. Several aspects are treated in this text: the freedom of choice of the electricity provider, the sale and the conditions of sale of electricity by EDF to other electricity providers, the maximum volume a provider can buy and its evaluation, the electricity price determination, the provider obligations, and so on

  5. The politics and crisis of the Petroleum Industry Bill in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Pérouse de Montclos, Marc-Antoine

    2014-01-01

    The Nigerian Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), which is currently being discussed in Parliament, aims at reforming the oil industry. But it also reveals the guiding forces of local politics. The PIB exposes the limitations of the state's ambitions, desire and capacity for reform, and it is strong evidence for the regional divisions and social tensions catalysing resistance against the government of President Goodluck Jonathan, which is accused of ethnic bias in favour of the oil-producing areas ...

  6. Transnational education in India : premises of the Foreign educational institutions bill (2010)

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The thesis analyses the current policy environment of transnational education in India. Special attention is given to the context and content of the newly proposed regulatory framework for transnational education, namely, ‘Foreign Educational Institutions Bill, 2010’, which is pending for the approval of Parliament of India. The thesis is set as a mixed method study. It has a qualitative discussion based on the existing literature on quality assurance and regulation of transnational education...

  7. Implementation of Texas Senate Bill 19 to increase physical activity in elementary schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelder, Steven H; Springer, Andrew S; Barroso, Cristina S; Smith, Carolyn L; Sanchez, Eduardo; Ranjit, Nalini; Hoelscher, Deanna M

    2009-01-01

    In 2001, the 77th Texas legislature passed Senate Bill 19 requiring students in publicly funded elementary schools to participate in physical activity and schools to implement a coordinated school health program by September 1, 2007. We report on awareness of and adherence to Senate Bill 19 in a statewide sample of elementary schools and a subsample in two public health regions located along the Texas-Mexico border. Statewide, structured interviews with principals indicated high awareness of Senate Bill 19's requirements, but lower awareness of the need for parental involvement. Only 43% of Texas schools had adopted their coordinated program 1 year or less before the implementation deadline. Principals reported an average of 179 min of physical education per week, higher than the 135-min mandate. Among the subsample border schools, principals' physical activity reports were consistent with teacher records and student reports. Further, direct observation of physical education indicated that 50% of class time was spent in moderate and vigorous physical activity, meeting the level of physical activity intensity recommended by Healthy People 2010. The differences observed by public health regions included: more physical activity minutes in Region 10 (231 min compared to 217 min in Region 11); higher adoption of coordinated school health programs (92% compared to 75%); more district-level school health advisory committees (58% compared to 38%) and school-level school health advisory committees (83% compared to 25%); and a lower prevalence of obesity in 4th grade students (21% compared to 32%). Differences by region suggest that Senate Bill 19 is not being adhered to equally across the state, and some regions may require further support to increase implementation. Results underscore the importance of continued monitoring of enacted legislation, and that legislation for child health that focuses on school programs and policies requires funding and refinement to produce

  8. The Right to Seek Refuge: The Implications of Bill C-31

    OpenAIRE

    Stalker, Lesley; Walia, Harsha; Csanyi, Elizabeth; Jordan, Sharalyn

    2012-01-01

    Lesley Stalker, senior solicitor/barrister and former Associate Legal Officer, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, provided an overview of the obligations Canada has regarding refugees under domestic and international law, with respect to the proposed amendments of Bill C-31. This was followed by a panel of people who work with the communities who are, and will continue to be, affected by the proposed changes  especially: LGBTQ asylum seekers, torture survivors, Romani refugee...

  9. The benefit from reduced energy import bills and the importance of energy prices in GHG reduction scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The POLES energy model has been used to assess Asia's role in combating climate change and the benefits it stands to gain. This paper focuses on the role of major Asian economies in the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the benefits to their economies from reduced energy import bills. The costs of reaching ambitious emission reduction targets are offset by significant ancillary benefits, such as reduced energy import bills. Lower energy prices account for a share of the import bill reductions.

  10. An Evaluation of RouteMatch Software in the Billings, MT, Special Transit System

    OpenAIRE

    Kack, David; Philip, Deepu

    2008-01-01

    This research evaluates the impact of RouteMatch Software on the MET Special Transit service in Billings, MT, and analyzes the gains in service efficiency compared to those achieved with the MET’s previous software solution, Mobility Master Software. In this review, before and after quantitative and qualitative data are analyzed, including rides per hour, rides per mile, dispatcher and driver attitudes, and pick up and drop off time performances. The results indicate that MET Special Transit ...

  11. Romanian Administration Challenges: The Implementation of Online Payment for Utility Bills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuliana DOROBĂŢ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Romania is currently facing a lot of challenges in the e-government field. In this paper, due to the fact that we identified little or no efforts from the Romanian public administration in order to simplify all the activities conducted by Romanian citizens in order to pay their utility bills, we are proposing a model for a new e-service that aims to correct this state of facts. We started this quest by identifying and conducting an analysis of the existing administrative framework within a Romanian AOA (Apartment Owners Association, as this is the most common form of association that deals with the payments of utility bills (UBs in Romania. We developed a model for the AOA’s administrative process. Subsequent to our analysis, our findings suggest that in Romania, although progress has been made in order to simplify the payment of utility bills, there are still several drawbacks associated with the administrative process, within the Romanian AOA. Thus we proposed an improved model for the Romanian AOA administrative process.

  12. On the Responsibility of the Insurer for Releasing Cargo Without Bill of Lading by Carrier%承运人无单放货保险人是否承担责任的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏同江; 刘斌

    2009-01-01

    针对承运人无单放货,在海运货物保险一切险的情况下保险人是否承担责任问题,分析我国国内典型案例和我国最高院的司法规定,从不同角度论述保险人应当承担责任的理由,提出保险人应当承担承运人无正本提单交付货物造成被保险人的损失,除非合同明文规定不承担责任.

  13. The bill of evolution: trophic adaptations in anseriform birds

    OpenAIRE

    Kurk, Carolina Deborah

    2008-01-01

    Adaptive radiation involves the rapid divergence of a single ancestral species into a group of species each occupying a different ecological niche. Differences between species are the result of trade-offs in the ability to exploit different environments to avoid competitive interactions. The many species of wildfowl and their diversity in feeding methods are believed to represent an example of adaptive radiation. Frequently used feeding methods are filtering small food items from water and te...

  14. The Road Inventory of Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To determine the relative needs of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Federal Highway Administration FHWA was asked to inventory all public access and...

  15. Expectations and the behaviour of Spanish treasury bill rates

    OpenAIRE

    Montoro, V.F.

    2001-01-01

    Rational Expectations models are tested here under the standard assumptions of the Expectations Hypothesis (EH) of interest rates. We examine the theoretical unbiasedness of the spread of interest rates by predicting changes in the shorter spot rates. Unit root tests are applied and VAR systems are specified as a framework to apply Johansen's Maximum Likelihood Cointegration Analysis. Homogeneity and exogeneity tests are also carried out. Finally, we provide some Vector Error Correction Model...

  16. School Librarian's Bill of Responsibilities and the ALA Core Competences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogel, Gayle

    2009-01-01

    In January 2009, the American Library Association (ALA) completed a ten-year reexamination of the core competences needed by professional librarians graduating from ALA-accredited institutions. The ALA's "Core Competences of Librarianship" encompass the basic knowledge expected of all graduates in all specializations. The core beliefs and policies…

  17. Bill Ming: stories of wood, wind and fire

    OpenAIRE

    McKay, Andy

    2007-01-01

    Engaging with “ The Work and Identity of Artists” is research theme that has pre-occupied many of Andy Mckay’s film projects. A previous faculty research seminar discussed “ DV Miniatures “ , a slate of his experimental film collaborations with poets, dancers, choreographers, jazz composers, visual and performance artists which was made to celebrate “ Year of the Artist “ and funded by Arts Council England. Though there are exceptions, he has long been puzzled by the question of why main...

  18. 9 CFR 95.25 - Transportation of restricted import products; placarding cars and marking billing; unloading...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... products; placarding cars and marking billing; unloading enroute. 95.25 Section 95.25 Animals and Animal... import products; placarding cars and marking billing; unloading enroute. (a) Transportation companies or... billing has not been marked by the initial or the connecting carrier, or the placards have been...

  19. Application for review, Section 61, Environmental Bill of Rights

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Health and environmental groups have filed a request with the Ontario Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Energy to review its government policies on transboundary smog, mercury emissions and climate change in light of the abandonment of plans to close all of the province's highly polluting coal-fired power plants by 2009. The groups have requested that the Ministries identify the measures that will be taken to eliminate the health, social and environmental impacts caused by this decision. The representatives of Ontario's registered nurses, physicians, community groups and environment groups want to know how the decision will affect Ontario's compliance with the terms of the Ozone Annex to the 1991 United States-Canada Air Quality Agreement, Ontario's compliance with the proposed Canada Wide Standard on Mercury, and efforts to combat climate change. Concerns that the government has weakened its position in dealing with the United States over transboundary smog were expressed. Smog, climate change and mercury pollution pose significant risks to the health of Ontarians. The original plan to replace coal-fired generation was the single largest greenhouse gas reduction initiative in Canada. It was argued that the abandonment of that plan represents a major challenge in meeting Kyoto targets. refs

  20. Creating Bill of Students Rights and Responsibilities at Helwan University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafa, Gehan M. A.; Shazly, Mona M.

    2015-01-01

    University is open to all persons who are qualified according to its admission standards unless resource limitations results in the closure of academic programs in which applicants have expressed interest. Students' rights refers to a set of rights, responsibilities, and duties under which a student can seek and receive all educational service,…

  1. Academic Bill of Rights: Insurance Policy or Trojan Horse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reindl, Travis

    2004-01-01

    Anyone can observe that rising social and political divisions have found their way onto the nation's campuses. In fact, the intensity of debates over issues such as war and peace, homosexuality, and affirmative action have transformed campuses--the marketplace of ideas--into an ideological battleground, with heated rhetoric in lecture halls and…

  2. Clinical and billing review of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, James M; Lynch, William R; Coopersmith, Craig M

    2015-06-01

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a temporary technique for providing life support for cardiac dysfunction, pulmonary dysfunction, or both. The two forms of ECMO, veno-arterial (VA) and veno-venous (VV), are used to support cardiopulmonary and pulmonary dysfunction, respectively. Historically, ECMO was predominantly used in the neonatal and pediatric populations, as early adult studies failed to improve outcomes. ECMO has become far more common in the adult population because of positive results in published case series and clinical trials during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic in 2009 to 2010. Advances in technology that make the technique much easier to implement likely fueled the renewed interest. Although exact criteria for ECMO are not available, patients who are good candidates are generally considered to be relatively young and suffering from acute illness that is believed to be reversible or organ dysfunction that is otherwise treatable. With the increase in the use in the adult population, a number of different codes have been generated to better identify the method of support with distinctly different relative value units assigned to each code from a very simple prior coding scheme. To effectively be reimbursed for use of the technique, it is imperative that the clinician understands the new coding scheme and works with payers to determine what is incorporated into each specific code. PMID:25789816

  3. 77 FR 75355 - Bill of Rights Day, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... United States of America the two hundred and thirty-seventh. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2012-30740... personal liberty and human dignity.'' He understood that the freedoms it protects--among them speech... stood watch at freedom's frontier, marchers who broke down barriers to full equality, dreamers...

  4. The impact of rate design and net metering on the bill savings from distributed PV for residential customers in California

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Net metering has become a widespread mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), but has faced challenges as PV installations grow to a larger share of generation in a number of states. This paper examines the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. We find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies by more than a factor of four across the customers in the sample, which is largely attributable to the inclining block structure of the utilities' residential retail rates. We also compare the bill savings under net metering to that received under three potential alternative compensation mechanisms, based on California's Market Price Referent (MPR). We find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than a full MPR-based feed-in tariff, but only modestly greater savings than alternative mechanisms under which hourly or monthly net excess generation is compensated at the MPR rate. - Highlights: → We examine the value of bill savings under net metering to PV owners in California. → Bill savings per kWh of PV generation varies by a factor of four with net metering. The variation is attributable to rate design, the unique inclining block structure. → The median value of bill savings is reduced by 40-67% with MPR feed-in tariff. → The median value of bill savings is reduced by 6-12% with hourly netting.

  5. Can the proposed British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities command greater respect than the UK Human Rights Act 1998?

    OpenAIRE

    Natalie Kyneswood

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the UK Government’s proposals to reform human rights legislation in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland by repealing the Human Rights Act 1998 and introducing a British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities. It discusses the reasons behind the perceived unpopularity of the Human Rights Act 1998 and concludes that an alternative British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities would be no more popular or effective and that therefore proposals for reform are misconc...

  6. Bill project authorizing the ratification of the statutes of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a presentation text describing the content of each of the 20 articles of the statutes of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), this document contains the full text of these statutes. A third text is the bill project authorizing the ratification of these statutes, and described the economic, financial, social, environmental, administrative or juridical consequences of the implementation of the agreement or convention associated with the creation of the agency. The text also recalls the negotiation process, and indicates the place given to the French language

  7. Analysis of Radiation Accident of Non-destructive Inspection and Rational Preparing Bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After 2006, according to enactment of Non-destructive Inspection Promotion Act, the number of non-destructive inspection companies and corresponding accident is increased sharply. In this research, it includes characteristic analysis of field of the non-destructive inspection. And from the result of analysis, the purpose of this research is discovering reason for 'Why there is higher accident ratio in non-destructive inspection field, relatively' and preparing effective bill for reducing radiation accidents. The number of worker for non-destructive inspect is increased steadily and non-destructive inspect worker take highest dose. Corresponding to these, it must be needed to prepare bills to protect non-destructive inspect workers. By analysis of accident case, there are many case of carelessness that tools are too heavy to carry it everywhere workers go. And there are some cases caused by deficiency of education that less understanding of radiation and poor operation by less understanding of structure of tools. Also, there is no data specialized to non-destructive inspect field. So, it has to take information from statistical data. Because of this, it is hard to analyze nondestructive inspect field accurately. So, it is required to; preparing rational bills to protect non-destructive inspect workers nondestructive inspect instrument lightening and easy manual which can understandable for low education background people accurate survey data from real worker. To accomplish these, we needs to do; analyze and comprehend the present law about non-destructive inspect worker understand non-destructive inspect instruments accurately and conduct research for developing material developing rational survey to measuring real condition for non-destructive inspect workers

  8. The anatomy of the bill tip of kiwi and associated somatosensory regions of the brain: comparisons with shorebirds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan J Cunningham

    Full Text Available Three families of probe-foraging birds, Scolopacidae (sandpipers and snipes, Apterygidae (kiwi, and Threskiornithidae (ibises, including spoonbills have independently evolved long, narrow bills containing clusters of vibration-sensitive mechanoreceptors (Herbst corpuscles within pits in the bill-tip. These 'bill-tip organs' allow birds to detect buried or submerged prey via substrate-borne vibrations and/or interstitial pressure gradients. Shorebirds, kiwi and ibises are only distantly related, with the phylogenetic divide between kiwi and the other two taxa being particularly deep. We compared the bill-tip structure and associated somatosensory regions in the brains of kiwi and shorebirds to understand the degree of convergence of these systems between the two taxa. For comparison, we also included data from other taxa including waterfowl (Anatidae and parrots (Psittaculidae and Cacatuidae, non-apterygid ratites, and other probe-foraging and non probe-foraging birds including non-scolopacid shorebirds (Charadriidae, Haematopodidae, Recurvirostridae and Sternidae. We show that the bill-tip organ structure was broadly similar between the Apterygidae and Scolopacidae, however some inter-specific variation was found in the number, shape and orientation of sensory pits between the two groups. Kiwi, scolopacid shorebirds, waterfowl and parrots all shared hypertrophy or near-hypertrophy of the principal sensory trigeminal nucleus. Hypertrophy of the nucleus basorostralis, however, occurred only in waterfowl, kiwi, three of the scolopacid species examined and a species of oystercatcher (Charadriiformes: Haematopodidae. Hypertrophy of the principal sensory trigeminal nucleus in kiwi, Scolopacidae, and other tactile specialists appears to have co-evolved alongside bill-tip specializations, whereas hypertrophy of nucleus basorostralis may be influenced to a greater extent by other sensory inputs. We suggest that similarities between kiwi and scolopacid

  9. 34 CFR 674.43 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Billing procedures. 674.43 Section 674.43 Education..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM Due Diligence § 674.43 Billing procedures. (a) The term billing procedures, as used in this subpart, includes that series of actions routinely performed to...

  10. 46 CFR 296.40 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing procedures. 296.40 Section 296.40 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS MARITIME SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP) Billing and Payment Procedures § 296.40 Billing...

  11. 23 CFR 140.922 - Billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... written agreement under 23 CFR 646.218(c). (b) The company shall provide one final and complete billing of... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Billings. 140.922 Section 140.922 Highways FEDERAL... Railroad Work § 140.922 Billings. (a) After the executed State-Railroad Agreement has been approved by...

  12. 12 CFR 607.9 - Reimbursable billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursable billings. 607.9 Section 607.9 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ASSESSMENT AND APPORTIONMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES § 607.9 Reimbursable billings. The FCA shall bill the amounts due for services to...

  13. Wound center facility billing: A retrospective analysis of time, wound size, and acuity scoring for determining facility level of service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fife, Caroline E; Walker, David; Farrow, Wade; Otto, Gordon

    2007-01-01

    Outpatient wound center facility reimbursement for Medicare beneficiaries can be a challenge to determine and obtain. To compare methods of calculating facility service levels for outpatient wound centers and to demonstrate the advantages of an acuity-based billing system (one that incorporates components of facility work that is non-reimbursable by procedure codes and that represents an activity-based costing approach to medical billing), a retrospective study of 5,098 patient encounters contained in a wound care-specific electronic medical record database was conducted. Approximately 500 patient visits to the outpatient wound center of a Texas regional hospital between April 2003 and November 2004 were categorized by service level in documentation and facility management software. Visits previously billed using a time-based system were compared to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' proposed three-tiered wound size-based system. The time-based system also was compared to an acuity-based scoring system. The Pearson correlation coefficient between billed level of service by time and estimated level of service by acuity was 0.442 and the majority of follow-up visits were billed as Level 3 and above (on a time level of 1 to 5) , confirming that time is not a surrogate for actual work performed. Wound size also was found to be unrelated to service level (Pearson correlation = 0.017) and 97% of wound areas were based scoring system produced a near-normal distribution of results, producing more mid-range billings than extremes; no other method produced this distribution. Hospital-based outpatient wound centers should develop, review, and refine acuity score-based models on which to determine billed level of service. PMID:17264354

  14. Coal Industry Bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Privatization of the British hardcoal mining industry enters into the final stage. The statutory basis will be created by the 'Coal Industry Bill' being discussed at present in Parliament and which will probably be signed by the Queen in summer 1994 and then become a law. The 'Coal Industry Bill' stipulates in detail in which way British Coal will be dissolved and which competences will be transferred to the newly created coal authority. The allocation of powers and responsibilities to successor organizations will be determined as well as the role of the state for e.g. pension and concessionary commitments. Another important subject is the distribution of the charges for mining damages, and reclamation and environmental protection. (orig.)

  15. LADEE UVS (UltraViolet Visible Spectrometer) and the Search for Lunar Exospheric Dust: A Detailed Spectral Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooden, D. H.; Cook, A.; Colaprete, A.; Shirley, M.; Vargo, K.; Elphic, R. C.; Hermalyn, B.; Stubbs, T. J.; Glenar, D. A.

    2014-12-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) executed science observations in lunar orbit spanning 2013-Oct-16- 2014-04-18 UT. LADEE's Ultraviolet/Visible Spectrometer (UVS) studies the composition and temporal variations of the tenuous lunar exosphere and dust environment, utilizing two sets of optics: a limb-viewing telescope, and a solar-viewer. The limb-viewing telescope observes illuminated dust and emitting gas species while the Sun is just behind the lunar limb. The solar viewer, with its diffuser, allows UVS to also stare directly at the solar disk as it approaches the limb, sampling progressively lower exosphere altitudes. Solar viewer "Occultation" activities occur at the lunar sunrise limb, as the LADEE spacecraft passes into the lunar night side, facing the Sun (the spacecraft orbit is near-equatorial retrograde). A loss of transmission of sunlight occurs by the occultation of dust grains along the line-of-sight [1, 2]. So-called "Inertial Limb" activities have the limb-viewing telescope pointed at the lit exosphere just after the Sun has set. Inertial Limb activities follow a similar progression of diminishing sampling altitudes but hold the solar elongation angle constant so the zodiacal light contribution remains constant while seeking to observe the weak lunar horizon glow [2,3,4]. On the dark side of the moon, "Sodium Tail" activities pointed the limb-viewing telescope in the direction of the Moon's sodium tail (~anti-sunward), during different lunar phases. Of the UVS data sets, these show the largest excess of scattered blue light, indicative of the presence of small (~100 nm) dust grains in the tail. Correlations are sought between dust in the sodium tail and meteor streams [5] and magnetotail [3] crossings to investigate impact- versus electrostatic-lofting [6]. Once lofted, nanoparticles can become charged and picked up by the solar wind [7,8]. The LADEE UVS Occultation, Inertial Limb, and Sodium Tail spectral datasets provide

  16. Uma proposta de modelagem da lista de materiais Bill of materials' modeling: a proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Vila Gonçalves Filho

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho propõe uma nova forma de estruturação da lista de materiais, para empresas fabricantes de bens de capital, apesar dos conceitos gerais serem passíveis de utilização em outros tipos de companhias de manufatura. A lista de materiais, como elemento fomentador da integração, é modelada com base em necessidades-chave de diversos usuários, desde o orçamento até a expedição. O objetivo é facilitar as atividades de administração de materiais e gestão da produção. A metodologia desenvolvida consiste em estruturar uma lista de materiais paralela, delineada em função do organograma fabril da empresa e da seqüência de fabricação do produto no tempo. Esses conceitos foram aplicados na formação de grupos de dispositivos dedicados, utilizados na fabricação de hidrogeradores, na SADE VIGESA S/A., fábrica de Araraquara.This paper suggests a new idea to form a Bill of Materials (BOM, for heavy equipment manufacturing companies, with the general concepts applied in others kind of manufacturing companies. The bill of materials, as an essential element of integration, from marketing to delivery, aims to facilitate the activities of Production Planning and of the Control System. The methodology developed is based on a new approach to build parallel bill of materials, using concepts of pseudo levels and assemblies, mainly based on the industrial organizational structure of the company and on the sequence of product fabrication in time. The implementation of this system for dedicated fixtures resulted in expressive reduction of lead time, project hours, fabrication hours and costs.

  17. Nonpayment of water bills in Guatemala: Dissatisfaction or inability to pay?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vásquez, William F.

    2015-11-01

    This paper investigates nonpayment behavior in Guatemala. Determinants of nonpayment behavior are identified through zero-inflated negative binomial regression models in order to take into account particular distributional characteristics of the amount of outstanding payments. Findings indicate that nonpayment behavior is a demonstration of consumer dissatisfaction with current water services. The amount of outstanding bill payments also responds to system unreliability. Results also suggest that nonpayment behaviors are more prominent in community-managed systems than in municipal systems. No evidence was found on a potential relationship between nonpayment behavior and household income. Policy implications are discussed.

  18. Parsimoneous Modeling of Yield Curves for U.S. Treasury Bills

    OpenAIRE

    Charles R. Nelson; Andrew F. Siegel

    1985-01-01

    A new model is proposed for representinq the term to maturity structure of interest rates at a point in time.The model produces humped, monotonic and S-shaped yield curves using four parameters. Conditional on a time decay parameter, estimates of the other three are obtained by least squares. Yield curves for thirty-seven sets of U.S. Treasury bill yields with maturities up to one year are presented. The median standard deviation of fit is just over seven basis points and the corresponding me...

  19. Bill Lowrie In The Apennines U Reading - The Pelagic Record of Geomagnetic Reversals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Walter

    Twenty five years ago, Bill Lowrie and I, along with Mike Arthur, Al Fischer, Gio- vanni Napoleone, Isabella Premoli Silva and Bill Roggenthen, published a set of five papers in the Geological Society of America Bulletin (March 1977), reporting a re- markable new source of information on the geomagnetic polarity time scale. The re- versal sequence was already known back to the Late Cretaceous on the basis of marine magnetic anomalies, but only as a sequence of longer and shorter polarity intervals, a kind of fingerprint with almost no age calibration. At Gubbio, in the Umbrian Apen- nines of Italy, we discovered that the polarity intervals are also recorded in pelagic limestones, deposited quietly at moderate oceanic depths at rates of order 10 m/Myr. and these limestones are literally made of fossils, notably the planktic foraminifera which are the best age correlation tool for the last 100 Myr. The reversal sequence was now datable. You can make a discovery like this either by looking for it, as Al Fischer did U hoping ° that such a record would be present and waiting until magnetometers improved enough to make it possible to measure these very weakly magnetic rocks U or by stumbling ° on it as Bill and I did. We went to the Apennines hoping to measure paleomagnetically a tectonic rotation of the Italian crust. Digital spinner magnetometers had just become available and Bill found that he could measure the remanence of the Apennine pelagic limestones I had been studying in the field. Tectonic rotation of the Italian crust turned out to be very difficult to detect, because interbed slip was a major complication. But we accidentally sampled both normal and reversed beds in the Scaglia rossa limestone on our first trip, and back in the lab we recognized that we had a polarity record in front of us. The microfossils made it a datable record, which raised great excitement among our colleagues at Lamont, where sea-floor magnetic reversals were the key to tectonic

  20. Bill project introducing a progressive price fixing of energy - Nr 150

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bill project aims at speeding up energy transition by inciting households to reduce their consumption, and at accompanying the unavoidable increase of energy prices. It introduces a rather complex process to establish the energy tariff, and notably a bonus-malus principle. The objective is to incite households to better insulate their main housing. It also takes social tariffs into account, defines institutions and representative for energy regulation, proposes the implementation of a public service for housing energy performance, and addresses the issue of energy supply in winter to households in precarious situation

  1. Understanding your hospital bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... language. If you find a mistake, ask the billing department to correct the error. Keep a record ... the help you need, consider hiring a medical-billing advocate. Advocates charge an hourly fee or a ...

  2. Patient, physician, encounter, and billing characteristics predict the accuracy of syndromic surveillance case definitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cadieux Geneviève

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Syndromic surveillance systems are plagued by high false-positive rates. In chronic disease monitoring, investigators have identified several factors that predict the accuracy of case definitions based on diagnoses in administrative data, and some have even incorporated these predictors into novel case detection methods, resulting in a significant improvement in case definition accuracy. Based on findings from these studies, we sought to identify physician, patient, encounter, and billing characteristics associated with the positive predictive value (PPV of case definitions for 5 syndromes (fever, gastrointestinal, neurological, rash, and respiratory (including influenza-like illness. Methods The study sample comprised 4,330 syndrome-positive visits from the claims of 1,098 randomly-selected physicians working in Quebec, Canada in 2005-2007. For each visit, physician-facilitated chart review was used to assess whether the same syndrome was present in the medical chart (gold standard. We used multivariate logistic regression analyses to estimate the association between claim-chart agreement about the presence of a syndrome and physician, patient, encounter, and billing characteristics. Results The likelihood of the medical chart agreeing with the physician claim about the presence of a syndrome was higher when the treating physician had billed many visits for the same syndrome recently (ORper 10 visit, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01-1.08, had a lower workload (ORper 10 claims, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.90-0.97, and when the patient was younger (ORper 5 years of age, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.94-0.97, and less socially deprived (ORmost versus least deprived, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.60-0.95. Conclusions Many physician, patient, encounter, and billing characteristics associated with the PPV of surveillance case definition are accessible to public health, and could be used to reduce false-positive alerts by surveillance systems, either by focusing on the data most

  3. Atomic Weapons Establishment Bill [Money

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The debate concerns the authorisation of payment of the money required to reorganise the atomic weapons establishment in the United Kingdom provided for in the Atomic Weapons Establishment Bill in progress through Parliament. In the Bill the contractorisation of the establishment is recommended and some sort of Government owned company operated scheme set up. The debate lasted about half an hour and is reported verbatim. The issues raised concerned the actual sums likely to be incurred in the formation of a Company to carry out the designated activities of the Bill. These are connected with the research, development, production or maintenance of nuclear devices and the premises needed. The government spokesman suggested the sums required to support the Bill would not be large and the resolution was agreed to without a vote. (UK)

  4. Um estudo psicossocial dos significados e sentidos expressos nas músicas de MV Bill A psychosocial study of the meanings expressed in the songs of MV Bill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaison Hinkel

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por propósito estudar os significados e sentidos expressos nas letras das músicas de MV Bill, um dos ícones do rap nacional, com o intuito de possibilitar a compreensão da sua tendência afetivo-volitiva. Com base na Psicologia Sócio-Histórica, a pesquisa se caracteriza como um estudo de caso e utiliza como método a análise de conteúdo de quatro músicas: "Soldado do Morro", "Só Deus pode me julgar", "EMIVI" e "Atitude Errada". Os significados e sentidos das canções estudadas denunciam as dimensões objetiva, ética e subjetiva da dialética exclusão/inclusão social, bem como a proposta de enfrentamento desta condição. Assim, podem-se considerar tais músicas como indicadores de uma práxis ético-política que propõe ações coletivas com o objetivo de superar a situação de padecimento humano e utiliza a arte como expressão afetiva de potência de vida e criação, em prol da cidadania.The purpose of this article is the analysis of meanings expressed in the song of MV Bill, one of the icons of the Brazilian rap, aiming at the comprehension of its affectionate-volitive tendency. The investigation is characterized as a case study and applies content analysis to four songs: "Soldado do Morro", "Só Deus pode me julgar", "EMIVI", and "Atitude Errada". The meanings and senses of the songs studied identify three dimensions of the dialectics social exclusion/enclosure (objective, ethical and subjective, as well as the clashing of this condition. It seems reasonable to consider such songs as indicators of an ethical-political practice that proposes collective actions with the objective of overcoming the situation of human suffering and utilizes art as affectionate expression of power of life and creation, in behalf of the citizenship.

  5. 31 CFR 588.308 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., indebtedness, obligations, notes, guarantees, debentures, stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial..., warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of title,...

  6. 31 CFR 586.314 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., coupons, any other financial instruments, bankers acceptances, mortgages, pledges, liens or other rights in the nature of security, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale,...

  7. 31 CFR 545.309 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., indebtedness, obligations, notes, guarantees, debentures, stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial..., warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of title,...

  8. 31 CFR 536.310 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., indebtedness, obligations, notes, guarantees, debentures, stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial..., warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of title,...

  9. 31 CFR 585.304 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., indebtedness, obligations, notes, guarantees, debentures, stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial..., warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of title,...

  10. 31 CFR 598.312 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., indebtedness, obligations, notes, guarantees, debentures, stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial..., warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of title,...

  11. E-Data Privacy and the Personal Data Protection Bill of Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jawahitha, Sarabdeen; Ishak, Mohamed; Mazahir, Mohamed

    Hi-tech development in information and communication technology or ICT enables the public to carry out various business activities. In the course of such businesses, all relevant individual information are saved in the computer system. However, keeping such information in computer is not at all secured due to the availability of technology that may circumvent or get access to the said information. This could be a threat to the privacy specially data privacy. Regulatory compliance and liability issues arising from the use of information technologies and possibility of privacy violation should be given important consideration as the evolution and progression of e-related activities is dependent upon and influenced by the rapidly changing advances in law. The Data Protection Bill 1998 was drafted setting provisions on data principles and rights to data subjects so that data privacy can considerably be protected. However, the introduction of Data Protection Bill 2001 is seen to have focused more on regulation of private sector than public sector whereby the level of protection for data held in public sector is very much reduced.

  12. Level of billing as a function of resident documentation and orthopedic subspecialty at an academic multispecialty orthopedic surgery practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezfuli, Bobby; Smith, Jordan L

    2012-11-01

    Documentation, coding, and billing for physician-patient encounters have evolved over time and have significant variability. Appropriate and complete documentation of these encounters can contribute to the financial viability of private and academic medical centers. The objectives of this study were to assess the financial effect of documentation on billing and to compare the authors' institution's distribution of billing level compared with Medicare normative data. Four orthopedic surgery subspecialty clinics were evaluated at a university outpatient clinic over a 1-year period. A single full-day clinic per week was used for each subspecialty. Residents dictated the majority of the reports. All reports were transcribed by medical transcriptionists and coded by certified professional coders. The sports medicine subspecialty generated the highest volume of patient clinic visits, followed by foot and ankle, trauma, and spine (Paffect practices and warrant further analysis. PMID:23127460

  13. Diet of yellow-billed loons (Gavia adamsii) in Arctic lakes during the nesting season inferred from fatty acid analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, T B; Schmutz, Joel A.; Bromaghin, Jeffrey; Iverson, S J; Padula, V M; Rosenberger, A E

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the dietary habits of yellow-billed loons (Gavia adamsii) can give important insights into their ecology, however, studying the diet of loons is difficult when direct observation or specimen collection is impractical. We investigate the diet of yellow-billed loons nesting on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska using quantitative fatty acid signature analysis. Tissue analysis from 26 yellow-billed loons and eleven prey groups (nine fish species and two invertebrate groups) from Arctic lakes suggests that yellow-billed loons are eating high proportions of Alaska blackfish (Dallia pectoralis), broad whitefish (Coregonus nasus) and three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) during late spring and early summer. The prominence of blackfish in diets highlights the widespread availability of blackfish during the early stages of loon nesting, soon after spring thaw. The high proportions of broad whitefish and three-spined stickleback may reflect a residual signal from the coastal staging period prior to establishing nesting territories on lakes, when loons are more likely to encounter these species. Our analyses were sensitive to the choice of calibration coefficient based on data from three different species, indicating the need for development of loon-specific coefficients for future study and confirmation of our results. Regardless, fish that are coastally distributed and that successfully overwinter in lakes are likely key food items for yellow-billed loons early in the nesting season.

  14. Latitudinal clines in bill length and sex ratio in a migratory shorebird: a case of resource partitioning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebel, Silke

    2005-07-01

    Sexual segregation outside the mating season is common in vertebrates. This has been shown to arise through resource partitioning in a number of taxa, but never in avian migrants. Western sandpipers ( Calidris mauri) are migratory shorebirds that mainly breed in Alaska and overwinter along the coast in western and eastern North America down into South America. Females are slightly larger than males but have substantially longer bills. They migrate further south, resulting in a latitudinal bias in sex ratio. Resource partitioning could contribute to this pattern if (1) males and females forage on invertebrates buried at different sediment depths, and if (2) average prey burying depth changes with latitude. In accordance with the hypothesis, it was shown that female western sandpipers used a probing foraging mode more than males. Comparison of individuals overwintering in California, Mexico and Panama revealed that length of tarsus did not change among sites, while bill length increased in both males and females towards the south. Bill length residuals, corrected for length of tarsus, were also larger at a southern site. Between and within sexes, individuals with longer bills are thought to be favoured at southern latitudes because of a postulated general increase in invertebrate burying depth with higher ambient temperatures at lower latitudes. The implications of these findings for the evolution of sexual bill size dimorphism in shorebirds are discussed.

  15. After the American elections, the dubious future of the climate-energy project bills in the Senate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The climate - energy project bill, voted in the House of Representatives in 2009, has undergone many changes since it is studied by the Senate. Discussions have been slowed by health reform in 2010 and then by the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The midterm elections are perceived as a new obstacle in the further discussions and a possible vote on a bill in the coming months. Opponents highlight the economic constraints of such law while the United States is experiencing the most severe economic recession. Many politicians thought mainly of their re-election and opinion polls project a defeat for the Democrats. Optimists hoped or a quick vote on a bill focusing on the oil spill and a larger bill could passed after the elections. Pessimistic are unfortunately thinking that a climate energy bill will never pass, even if it could represent a major shift in energy policy of the United States with measures related to the development of renewable energy, clean technology... and can create the first carbon market. (authors)

  16. The Long and the Short of It: No Dietary Specialisation between Male and Female Western Sandpipers Despite Strong Bill Size Dimorphism

    OpenAIRE

    Franks, Samantha E.; Guillermo Fernández; Hodkinson, David J.; T. Kurt. Kyser; Lank, David B.

    2013-01-01

    Many bird species show spatial or habitat segregation of the sexes during the non-breeding season. One potential ecological explanation is that differences in bill morphology favour foraging niche specialisation and segregation. Western sandpipers Calidris mauri have pronounced bill size dimorphism, with female bills averaging 15% longer than those of males. The sexes differ in foraging behaviour and exhibit partial latitudinal segregation during the non-breeding season, with males predominan...

  17. 25 CFR 171.515 - Who will BIA bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who will BIA bill? 171.515 Section 171.515 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and Collections § 171.515 Who will BIA bill? (a) We will bill...

  18. The Application of Billings for Fertility Regulation Method during the Period of Breastfeeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金碧华; 姜国珠; 潘琢如; 颜洁敏; 彭守静; 陆仁康

    1999-01-01

    In order to adopt Billings Method for fertility regulation during the period of breast-feeding,cervical mucus was observed and monitored in 61 breast-feeding mothers.Urine estrogen and/or pregnanediol were/was measured in 15 breast feeding mothers.Observations on cervical mucus during 244 months were collected.The type of dry or no mucus was observed in 75.27% fully breast-feeding mothers.Constant unchanging mucus was ob-served in 69.39% partially breast-feeding mothers.Developmental changing mucus was observed in 79.25% of mothers bottle-feeding their infants.According to the record on cervical mucus within 6months postpartum,97.14% of the cervical mucus was consistent with normal menstrual cycles.Urine estrogen and /or pregnanediol were/was measured in 15 breast-feeding mothers.The level of estrogen in urine averaged 0.08 μmol/24 h in fully breast feeding mothers and 0.14 μmol/24 h in partially breast-feeding mothers.The peak level averaged 0.21 pmol/24 h in bottle-feeding mothers.The pregnanediol level was determined to confirm ovulation in bottle-feeding mothers.The average levels of cut off and the period of ovutation in 6bottle feeding mother were 7 μmol/24 h and 9 μmol/24 h respectively.Measurement of urine estrogen and pregnanediot level all matched with cervical mucus appearances.Conclusion: Billings Method is a simple,scientific method for contraception without side-effects during breast-feeding period.

  19. Rights of the Accused: Criminal Amendments in the Bill of Rights. A Compilation of Lessons by Minnesota Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Jennifer, Ed.

    The 36 lessons collected in this publication are designed to introduce students to the rights of the accused and provide a scholarly study of these rights, exploring historical development as well as current application. Lessons are provided for all grade levels. The topics covered include the Bill of Rights, criminal rights amendments, juvenile…

  20. Law bill relative to the fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and of their vectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existing French legislation about the prevention and repression of proliferation actions is complex and includes some loopholes in some particular proliferation-related situations. Therefore, this bill aims at improving this situation by reinforcing the efficiency, the consistency and the dissuasive nature of the French legislation in this domain. (J.S.)

  1. Bill project related to the struggle against the proliferation of arms of massive destruction and their vectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bill project addresses several issues: the struggle against proliferation of arms of massive destruction (nuclear weapons, nuclear materials, biological weapons, and chemical weapons), the struggle against proliferation of vectors of arms of massive destruction, double-use goods, the use of these weapons and vectors in acts of terrorism

  2. Can the proposed British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities command greater respect than the UK Human Rights Act 1998?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Kyneswood

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the UK Government’s proposals to reform human rights legislation in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland by repealing the Human Rights Act 1998 and introducing a British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities. It discusses the reasons behind the perceived unpopularity of the Human Rights Act 1998 and concludes that an alternative British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities would be no more popular or effective and that therefore proposals for reform are misconceived. This article by Natalie Kyneswood is an edited version of the essay that won the Middle Temple Lechmere Prize, September 2015

  3. Bill project for a new organisation of the electricity market (NOME): impact study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports a study of the impact of the implementation of regulated access to electricity, of a capacity obligation, and of the evolution of regulated selling prices. It outlines that the progressive opening to concurrence of electricity in European markets did not reach in France the expected objectives: to let consumers get the benefit of investment in nuclear energy, incentives for innovation and demand reduction, promotion of investments within the frame of the electricity European market, etc. The authors describe the electricity market new organisation which is defined in the bill project, and the expected impacts on the different actors, macro-economical impacts, impacts on public finance and employment, environmental impacts, social impacts, and legal impacts

  4. The bills of the parish church in Zator from the years 1559 to 1561

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przemysław Stanko

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The bills of the parish church in Zator from the years 1559 to 1561 presented in this article complete the current knowledge about the history of the parish in Zator in the beginning of the modern age. They include information about running renovations and repairs as well as they bring in a lot of interesting information about the parish school. They provide intelligence on the care over church paraments and the ways of obtaining them. They also bring unknown so far, especially for the linguists, knowledge about bring the knowledge of the surnames of both Zator townspeople and peasants living around the city, which might be of particular interest for linguists.

  5. The Na exosphere reservoir for Mercury and the Moon: Models constrained by MESSENGER and LADEE data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarantos, M.; Killen, R. M.

    2014-12-01

    The Na exosphere of Mercury is flux-limited, and a careful accounting of the surface reservoir is necessary in order to understand the relative importance of proposed source mechanisms for this exosphere. At the Moon, a similar analysis has not yet been performed, but recent data acquired by the Kaguya spacecraft suggest an analogous depletion of the dayside reservoir for exospheric Na. New measurements of the lunar exosphere obtained by the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) and of Mercury's exosphere by the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft provide the opportunity to constrain the main parameters determining the reservoirs for these exospheres. We present a model of the exosphere-surface system that attempts to unify these two datasets. We have developed a simulator that accepts as input partially constrained microphysical parameters of the gas-surface interaction (e.g., source rates/cross sections for different source processes, degree of thermal accommodation) to make testable predictions regarding the exosphere and uppermost surface (top 10-10 m). These flux-balance simulations demonstrate that the lunar exosphere is limited by the recycling rate of Na atoms mobilized by micrometeoroid vaporization. An important consequence is that, to obtain consistency with ground-based observations of the Na exosphere, the inferred impact vapor at the Moon must peak near the equator and decrease towards the poles because of migration of surface particles toward the poles through exospheric transport. Micrometeoroid streams can have a long-term effect on the lunar exosphere because, as shown in our model, particles introduced by such streams survive in the soil and exosphere for at least two lunations. Important but secondary effects must be provided by the solar wind in order to account for the variations observed within one lunation by LADEE. In its application to Mercury, the code uses new estimates of

  6. Bill project authorizing the ratification of the amendment to the Kyoto protocol of the 11 December 1997 - Nr 1880

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bill project first recalls the context of adoption of the amendment (objectives of the Kyoto protocol for the limitation of greenhouse gas emissions, adoption of the amendment in Durban to extend these commitments over a new eight-year long period). It indicates and describes the scope of the amendment according to its two articles and in relationship with the Kyoto protocol. The text of the amendment is provided, and then the text of the French bill project authorizing its ratification. This bill project also recalls the context, indicates the objectives of the amendment, discusses the estimated consequences (notably constraints) of its implementation in terms of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and, more generally, in the struggle against climate change. These consequences are economic and financial, environmental, legal (and in relationship with the existing legal framework) and administrative. The history of the negotiation process is briefly recalled. It is noticed that five countries have already ratified the amendment at the time of publication of this bill project. Some remarks are made regarding the application of the amendment to the French overseas territories

  7. Keeping Order: Motor-Car Regulation and the Defeat of Victoria's 1905 Motor-Car Bill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rick Clapton

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available At the turn of the twentieth century some upper-class Victorians became motorists; consequently, for the first time ever, regulation and policing intersected with this class of society. By 1905 so many concerns had been raised about compromised public order and safety that the Victorian State Government attempted to implement a Motor Car Bill based on its English predecessor (1903. Wealthy motorists possessed power and influence, however, which contributed to the postponement of legislation until 1910. Additionally, parliamentarians were drawn from the same social class as motorists, and, in creating regulation, they were potentially regulating their peers, colleagues and friends. The private motor-car also brought with it new issues of civil liberty and responsibility. Finding a balance between the two continued to be a problem, as private transport gradually became affordable for middle- and working-class people, and both the number of regulations and the power of the motoring lobby increased.

  8. Report on the bill project related to the struggle against proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a first part presenting the various forms of proliferations, the author first gives a quantitative overview of illegal activities concerning nuclear materials, and then discusses the existence and activities of proliferation networks, explaining how international trade liberalization creates a favourable context for proliferations of any kind, and describing how a typical network is organised. He also discusses the example of Iraq and the case of the network created by the Pakistani scientist Abdul Q. Khan. The risk created by the hypothetical relationship between terrorism and nuclear weapon of mass destruction is also questioned. Then, after having recalled the existing international texts and the present national legislation, the author comments the contribution on the bill project and outlines aspects which are not dealt with by this bill project: radiological devices and cybernetic attacks. Then he reports the comments made by the commission on the bill project articles which define interdictions, sanctions and sentences, or procedures against people or organisations involved in the financing or the use of weapons of mass destruction (biological and chemical). A table gives a comparison between the bill project text and the commission's propositions

  9. Influence of monsoon-related riparian phenology on yellow-billed cuckoo habitat selection in Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Cynthia S.A.; Villarreal, Miguel; Van Riper, Charles, III

    2013-01-01

    Aim: The western yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus occidentalis), a Neotropical migrant bird, is facing steep population declines in its western breeding grounds owing primarily to loss of native habitat. The favoured esting habitat for the cuckoo in the south-western United States is low-elevation riparian forests and woodlands. Our aim was to explore relationships between vegetation phenology patterns captured by satellite phenometrics and the distribution of the yellow-billed cuckoo, and to use this information to map cuckoo habitat. Location: Arizona, USA. Methods: Land surface phenometrics were derived from satellite Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), bi-weekly time-composite, ormalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data for 1998 and 1999 at a resolution of 1 km. Fourier harmonics were used to analyse the waveform of the annual NDVI profile in each pixel. To create the models, we coupled 1998 satellite phenometrics with 1998 field survey data of cuckoo presence or absence and with point data that sampled riparian and cottonwood–willow vegetation types. Our models were verified and refined using field and satellite data collected in 1999. Results: The models reveal that cuckoos prefer areas that experience peak greenness 29 days later, are 36% more dynamic and slightly (< 1%) more productive than their average cottonwood–willow habitat. The results support a scenario in which cuckoos migrate northwards, following the greening of riparian corridors and surrounding landscapes in response to monsoon precipitation, but then select a nesting site based on optimizing the near-term foraging potential of the neighbourhood. Main conclusions: The identification of preferred phenotypes within recognized habitat can be used to refine future habitat models, inform habitat response to climate change, and suggest adaptation strategies. For example, models of phenotype preferences can guide management actions by identifying and prioritizing for

  10. Living on the edge: demography of the slender-billed gull in the Western Mediterranean.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sanz-Aguilar

    Full Text Available Small and peripheral populations are typically vulnerable to local extinction processes but important for the metapopulation dynamics of species. The Slender-billed gull (Chroicocephalus genei is a long-lived species breeding in unstable ephemeral coastal habitats. Their Western Mediterranean populations are relatively small and represent the edge of their global geographical distribution. At a local scale, using long-term data (14 years on annual breeding success and capture-resights of marked individuals, we estimated and compared the vital rates and evaluated the connectivity of two Spanish populations (Ebro Delta and Doñana varying in their local environmental conditions. At a metapopulation scale, we analyzed 22 years of data on breeding numbers to predict their future prospects by means of population demographic models. Local survival and breeding success of gulls from the Ebro Delta was lower than those from Doñana, which is likely the result of higher permanent emigration and/or winter mortality in the former. Gulls from the Ebro Delta wintered mostly in Mediterranean areas whereas those from Doñana did so in Atlantic coasts, where food availability is higher. Whereas adult local survival was constant, juvenile local survival showed temporal parallel variations between colonies, probably related to natal dispersal to other breeding colonies. Our results suggested that dispersal was higher at the Ebro Delta and gulls emigrating from their natal colonies settled preferentially in close patches. We found large fluctuations in breeding numbers among local populations probably related to the fact that the Slender-billed gull is a species adapted to unstable and unpredictable habitats with high abilities to disperse between suitable patches depending on environmental stochastic conditions during breeding.

  11. Are There Spillover Effects from the GI Bill? The Mental Health of Wives of Korean War Veterans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anusha M Vable

    Full Text Available The Korean War GI Bill provided economic benefits for veterans, thereby potentially improving their health outcomes. However potential spillover effects on veteran wives have not been evaluated.Data from wives of veterans eligible for the Korean War GI Bill (N = 128 and wives of non-veterans (N = 224 from the Health and Retirement Study were matched on race and coarsened birth year and childhood health using coarsened exact matching. Number of depressive symptoms in 2010 (average age = 78 were assessed using a modified, validated Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Regression analyses were stratified into low (mother < 8 years schooling / missing data, N = 95 or high (mother ≥ 8 years schooling, N = 257 childhood socio-economic status (cSES groups, and were adjusted for birth year and childhood health, as well as respondent's educational attainment in a subset of analyses.Husband's Korean War GI Bill eligibility did not predict depressive symptoms among veteran wives in pooled analysis or cSES stratified analyses; analyses in the low cSES subgroup were underpowered (N = 95, β = -0.50, 95% Confidence Interval: (-1.35, 0.35, p = 0.248, power = 0.28.We found no evidence of a relationship between husband's Korean War GI Bill eligibility and wives' mental health in these data, however there may be a true effect that our analysis was underpowered to detect.

  12. Are There Spillover Effects from the GI Bill? The Mental Health of Wives of Korean War Veterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vable, Anusha M.; Kawachi, Ichiro; Canning, David; Glymour, M. Maria; Jimenez, Marcia P.; Subramanian, S. V.

    2016-01-01

    Background The Korean War GI Bill provided economic benefits for veterans, thereby potentially improving their health outcomes. However potential spillover effects on veteran wives have not been evaluated. Methods Data from wives of veterans eligible for the Korean War GI Bill (N = 128) and wives of non-veterans (N = 224) from the Health and Retirement Study were matched on race and coarsened birth year and childhood health using coarsened exact matching. Number of depressive symptoms in 2010 (average age = 78) were assessed using a modified, validated Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Regression analyses were stratified into low (mother War GI Bill eligibility did not predict depressive symptoms among veteran wives in pooled analysis or cSES stratified analyses; analyses in the low cSES subgroup were underpowered (N = 95, β = -0.50, 95% Confidence Interval: (-1.35, 0.35), p = 0.248, power = 0.28). Conclusions We found no evidence of a relationship between husband’s Korean War GI Bill eligibility and wives’ mental health in these data, however there may be a true effect that our analysis was underpowered to detect. PMID:27186983

  13. The Case of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker: The Scientific Process and How It Relates to Everyday Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanger-Hall, Kathrin; Merriam, Jennifer; Greuling, Ruth Ann

    2007-01-01

    In this case study, based on the reported rediscovery of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker in April 2005, students examine a real-world example of the scientific process and explore the practical implications of their conclusions. The case tells the story of Brad Murky, a student and research assistant who must decide whether the available evidence is…

  14. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley; Darghouth, Naim R.; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2011-06-01

    Net metering has become a widespread mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), but has faced challenges as PV installations grow to a larger share of generation in a number of states. This paper examines the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. We find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies by more than a factor of four across the customers in the sample, which is largely attributable to the inclining block structure of the utilities' residential retail rates. We also compare the bill savings under net metering to that received under three potential alternative compensation mechanisms, based on California's Market Price Referent (MPR). We find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than a full MPR-based feed-in tariff, but only modestly greater savings than alternative mechanisms under which hourly or monthly net excess generation is compensated at the MPR rate.

  15. Crimes amendment (Zoe's law) Bill 2013 (No 2): paradoxical commercial impacts of the conservative agenda on fetal rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bricknell, Roseanna; Faunce, Thomas

    2014-12-01

    In 2013, Liberal MP Chris Spence introduced a Private Member's Bill to the New South Wales Parliament, reinvigorating an earlier Bill introduced by Christian Democrat MP Fred Nile. If passed, the Bill would have bestowed legal personhood on fetuses of 20 weeks or more for the purpose of grievous bodily harm offences in the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW). The Bill had the potential to undermine freedom of choice for women in relation to abortions prior to the point of viability (capacity for fetal existence outside the womb) as well as other decisions concerning pregnancy and childbirth. One hypothesis is that legislative measures such as this that support the rights of the fetus are well intentioned initiatives by those for whom the fetus is an essentially independent entity or symbol of innocence and moral purity whose existence must be protected over and above the interests and independent decision-making capacity of the mother. This column explores this hypothesis in the context of the paradoxical negative commercial implications of such legislation on multiple areas involving fetal-maternal interaction including surrogacy. PMID:25715533

  16. 被神秘笼罩着的比尔·盖茨%An Unknown Story of Bill Gates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫全国

    2010-01-01

    @@ Bill Gates is the founder,former president and Chief Executive Officer of Microsoft Corporation.He was widely known as a computer genius since he began to write computer programs at the age of 13.He set up Microsoft with his friend when he was only 20years old.

  17. Atomic Energy Bill (second reading)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bill contains a number of unrelated proposals. The first would increase the financial limit imposed on British Nuclear Fuels plc by Acts of Parliament to Pound 2,000 million in line with current investment plans. The second would enable the Health and Safety Executive to recover the costs of nuclear safety research which it sponsors, from nuclear site licensees and applicants for licences. The next two proposals make minor technical amendments to the rules on insurance cover for meeting third party compensation claims in the event of nuclear incidents. Finally, the Bill would enable the United Kingdom to ratify the International Convention on Assistance in the case of nuclear accident or radiological emergency (mutual assistance convention). The Bill was debated for half an hour and is reported verbatim. In particular the financing of the Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant at BNFL's Sellafield site was discussed. Questions on vitrification of radioactive wastes were raised. (U.K.)

  18. What Makes a Good Teacher? The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Digs for Answers with Its Measures of Effective Teaching Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsh, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    Vicki Phillips from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation talks with Learning Forward about the foundation's investment in effective teaching and the role of professional learning. Phillips said great teachers are the most important school-based ingredient for student success. So they are committed to ensuring teachers have the supports and tools…

  19. Liberty and Equality for Whom? How to Think Inclusively about the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belz, Herman

    1992-01-01

    Considers who was intended to have civil rights under the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Suggests that broad and inclusive historical analysis reveals individual citizens as the intended beneficiaries. Argues that the founders established a constitutional framework flexible enough to function in the transition from patriarchy and…

  20. What Does C-51 Mean for Academic Freedom & Campus Free Speech? CAUT Analysis of Bill C-51

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Bill C-51, the Canadian federal government's "Anti-Terrorism Act," has sparked serious concerns about the potential impact on the basic civil liberties of all Canadians. The proposed legislation would establish criminal offences that infringe upon the right to free expression. Security agencies would be granted unprecedented and…

  1. Senate passes clean air bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    In an 89 to 11 vote the Senate passed a clean air bill aimed at reducing pollution by the turn of the century by imposing tougher controls on American industry. The bill is the first revision of the Clean Air Act of 1970 in 13 years and calls for new limits on auto pollution to clean up smog in most U.S. cities, decreasing by half emissions by power plants that cause acid rain to protect the ecology, and increasing technological controls on factories to protect against cancer-causing and toxic substances. The bill will add about $20 billion per year to the estimated $33 billion cost of complying with current pollution laws.

  2. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  3. Components of an Anticancer Diet: Dietary Recommendations, Restrictions and Supplements of the Bill Henderson Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurie Heilman Bell

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of complementary and alternative medicines including dietary supplements, herbals and special diets to prevent or treat disease continues to be popular. The following paper provides a description of an alternative dietary approach to the self-management and treatment of cancer, the Bill Henderson Protocol (BHP. This diet encourages daily intake of raw foods, a combination of cottage cheese and flaxseed oil and a number of supplements. Some foods and food groups are restricted (e.g., gluten, meat, dairy. Early background theory that contributed to the protocol’s development is presented as is a summary of relevant evidence concerning the anti-cancer fighting properties of the individual components. Supplement intake is considered in relation to daily recommended intakes. Challenges and risks to protocol adherence are discussed. As with many complementary and alternative interventions, clear evidence of this dietary protocol’s safety and efficacy is lacking. Consumers of this protocol may require guidance on the ability of this protocol to meet their individual nutritional needs.

  4. THE “NAKED FACE” OF SECULAR EXCLUSION: BILL 94 AND THE PRIVATIZATION OF BELIEF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Fournier

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article will consider the case study of Québec’s Bill 94 (An Act to establish guidelines governing accommodation requests within the Administration and certain institutions, introduced in March 2010, one of many recent bans imposed on the wearing of the niqab in the West. Citing the importance of “the right to gender equality and the principle of religious neutrality of the State,” Bill 94 emphasizes the necessity of “un visage découvert” or “naked face” when giving or receiving a broad range of public services in Québec, including all government services, childcare centres, hospitals, and health and social service agencies. According to section 6 of the Act, “If an accommodation involves an adaptation of that practice and reasons of security, communication or identification warrant it, the accommodation must be denied.” While quasi-neutral, this bill clearly has a disproportionate impact on religious women who wear the niqab. In fact, as a direct result of the legislation, Muslim women will likely disappear from the public sphere and be restricted to the private home where they might effectively be dependent on male family members to navigate the “market place” on their behalf. Borrowing from Charles Taylor’s A Secular Age, this paper will consider the distributive consequences of the niqab ban, a critical juncture of “religion-state relations” in which belief is more and more relegated to the private sphere in Quebec. The article will use Bill 94 to explore this peculiar manifestation of “secularism” with the concurrent existence of “governance feminism”— how the privatization of belief goes hand in hand and is perversely reinforced by a colonial discourse on gender equality, leaving some already marginalized women out of the public gaze. Is this legislated demand for a “naked face” truly the logical outcome of a successful feminist movement (as some have asserted or isthis erasure of religious

  5. S. 167: A Bill to amend the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document contains S.167, a Bill to amend the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, and for other purposes. This bill was introduced in the Senate of the United States, 104th Congress, First session, January 5, 1995

  6. ANALYSIS OF RAINSTORMS ASSOCIATED WITH SIMILAR TRACK TROPICAL CYCLONES HAITANG (0505) AND BILLS (0604)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Zhen-shou; CHEN Xuan-miao; NI Dong-hong; JI Chun-xiao; XIE Hai-hua

    2009-01-01

    It is generally thought that the influence of comparable track typhoons is approximately similar,but in fact their wind and especially their rainstorm distribution are often very different. Therefore,a contrastive analysis of rainstorms by tropical cyclones (TCs) Haitang (0505) and Bilis (0604),which are of a similar track,is designed to help understand the mechanism of the TC rainstorm and to improve forecasting skills. The daily rainthll of TC itaitang (0505) and Bills (0604) is diagnosed and compared.The result indicates that these two TCs have similar precipitation distribution before landtall but different precipitation characteristics after landthll. Using NCEP/GFS analysis data,the synoptic situation is analyzed; water vapor transportation is discussed regarding the calculated water vapor flux and divergence.The results show that the heavy rainfall in the Zhejiang and Fujian Provinces associated with Haitang (0505) and Bitis (0604) before landlhll results ti'om a peripheral easterly wind,a combination of the tropical cyclone and the terrain. After landthll and moving far inland of the storm,the precipitation of Haitang is caused by water vapor convergence carried by its own circulation; it is much weaker than that in the coastal area. One of the important contributing thctors to heavy rainstorms in southeast Zhejiang is a southeast jet stream,which is maintained over the southeast coast. In contrast,the South China Sea monsoon circulation transports large amounts of water vapor into Bills - when a water-vapor transport belt south of the tropical cyclone significantly strengthens - which strengthens the transport. Then,it causes water vapor flux to converge on the south side of Bilis and diverge on the north side. Precipitation is much stronger on the south side than that on the north side. After Bilis travels far inland,the cold air guided by a north trough travels into the TC and remarkably enhances precipitation. In summary,combining vertical wind shear

  7. Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) (Amendment) Bill 2016: Legislative Bill

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Rock, Noel

    2016-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament). An Act to amend sections 49 and 51 of the Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) Act 2013 to ensure the powers exercised by the Central Bank of Ireland to make regu...

  8. Energy consumption behavior in the commercial sector: An ethnographic analysis of utility bill information and customer comprehension in the workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Christopher Todd

    The commercial and industrial sectors of the United States compose roughly one-third of total United States energy consumption. Many studies have suggested that significant cost-effective energy savings opportunities exist in this sector, but there is a gap between predictions of potential and actual investment in energy-efficient technologies. Very few studies have been conducted to examine the decision-making environment of the business sector. In particular, there is essentially no information about how small-business decision-makers make choices about energy consumption. My research is intended to begin the process of understanding this important arena of energy consumption behavior. Using semi-structured interview techniques, I interviewed forty-four businesses in ten states. The focus of the interviews was the business decision-maker's handling and use of the utility bill---the main (often sole) piece of information that links energy consumption to cost. Through the interviews, I collected information about how utility bills are understood and misunderstood, what components of the bill are seen as useful or confusing, and how energy consumption was seen in the context of larger business decision-making. In addition, I collected data on two forms of energy consumption feedback: historic consumption feedback, in which informants compared their current energy use to patterns of their own energy consumption over time; and group comparison consumption feedback, in which informants compared their energy consumption to the consumption of a group of similar energy consumers. Finally, I collected data on sources of information to which decision-makers turned when they wanted to seek more information about energy consumption alternatives. Overall, my findings suggest that the current utility bill format is often misunderstood. In many cases, particularly in the small-business and medium-size-business categories, the link between energy consumption and energy cost is

  9. Distribution and putative function of autonomic nerve fibres in the bill skin of the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus).

    OpenAIRE

    Manger, P. R.; Keast, J R; Pettigrew, J D; Troutt, L

    1998-01-01

    The electroreceptors located in the bill skin of the platypus are modified secretory glands. The electroreceptive nerve terminals form bare endings in close proximity to the duct of these glands. In this study, we describe the autonomic innervation of the glands and a separate specialized autonomic innervation of the epidermal portion of the glandular duct. A range of immunohistochemical labels showed that the gland cells of the electroreceptors have a non-noradrenergic (putative parasympathe...

  10. Uncertain sightings and the extinction of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solow, Andrew; Smith, Woollcott; Burgman, Mark; Rout, Tracy; Wintle, Brendan; Roberts, David

    2012-02-01

    The extinction of a species can be inferred from a record of its sightings. Existing methods for doing so assume that all sightings in the record are valid. Often, however, there are sightings of uncertain validity. To date, uncertain sightings have been treated in an ad hoc way, either excluding them from the record or including them as if they were certain. We developed a Bayesian method that formally accounts for such uncertain sightings. The method assumes that valid and invalid sightings follow independent Poisson processes and use noninformative prior distributions for the rate of valid sightings and for a measure of the quality of uncertain sightings. We applied the method to a recently published record of sightings of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis). This record covers the period 1897-2010 and contains 39 sightings classified as certain and 29 classified as uncertain. The Bayes factor in favor of extinction was 4.03, which constitutes substantial support for extinction. The posterior distribution of the time of extinction has 3 main modes in 1944, 1952, and 1988. The method can be applied to sighting records of other purportedly extinct species. PMID:21967229

  11. Assessment of metal concentrations in sediment samples from Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study chemically characterized sediment samples from the Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, in the Metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, by determining metal concentration and other elements of interest. The chosen chemical parameters for this characterization were Aluminum, Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Copper, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Selenium and Zinc. These parameters are also used in the water quality index, with the exception of Selenium. The concentrations were determined through different analytical techniques such as atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS, GFAAS and CVAAS), optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) and neutron activation analysis. These analytical methodologies were assessed for precision, accuracy and detection and/or quantification limits for the sediment elements in question. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique for each element and its concentration were also discussed. From these assessment the most adequate technique was selected for the routine analysis of sediment samples for each element concentration determination. This assessment verified also that digestion in a closed microwave system with nitric acid is efficient for the evaluation of extracted metals of environmental interest. The analytical techniques chosen were equally efficient for metals determination. In the case of Cd and Pb, the FAAS technique was selected due to better results than ICP OES, as it does not present matrix interference. The concentration values obtained for metals As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) TEL and PEL values. (author)

  12. Assessment of metal concentrations in sediment samples from Billings Reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study chemically characterized sediment samples from the Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, in the Metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, by determining metal concentration and other elements of interest. The chosen chemical parameters for this characterization were Aluminum, Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Copper, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Selenium and Zinco. These parameters are also used in the water quality index, with the exception of Selenium. The concentrations were determined through different analytical techniques such as atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS, GFAAS and CVAAS), optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) and neutron activation analysis. These analytical methodologies were assessed for precision, accuracy and detection and/or quantification limits for the sediment elements in question. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique for each element and its concentration were also discussed. From these assessments the most adequate technique was selected for the routine analysis of sediment samples for each element concentration determination. This assessment verified also that digestion in a closed microwave system with nitric acid is efficient for the evaluation of extracted metals of environmental interest. The analytical techniques chosen were equally efficient for metals determination. In the case of Cd and Pb, the FAAS technique was selected due to better results than ICP OES, as it does not present matrix interference. The concentration values obtained for metals As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) TEL and PEL values. (author)

  13. France's energy bill in 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article comments the slight decrease of the French energy bill in 2007 and its evolution since 1970, as well as the energy price fluctuations during 2007. While noticing the importance of the dollar fall, the authors discuss the evolution of oil product prices and its different indicators (crude oil annual average quotation, Brent annual average quotation, and imported oil annual average price), the evolution of natural gas prices, of coal prices, of electricity prices. The global decrease of energy imports is then discussed, including quantities of imported crude oil from various origins, refined products, gas from various origins as well, solid mineral fuels. The balance between exports and imports is commented as a whole, and with some particular countries, enabling an assessment of energy independence. The bill evolution for oil and for gas is briefly discussed, and the global value is assessed with respect to the French GDP or as an amount of work days for French inhabitants. Several graphs and tables are given, gathering several data which have been discussed: energy trade (imports, exports, and bill), comparison of bill with other economic aggregates, average prices of imported energy expressed in dollars and in euros, average price of imported crude oil, etc

  14. France's energy bill in 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article comments the important increase of France's energy bill in relationship with oil prices and dollar value fluctuations during 2008. It discusses the explosion in oil prices before the financial crisis and their subsequent evolution, and the evolutions of other energies' prices (natural gas, coal, electricity). Tables and graphs are given on various indicators: average monthly oil price expressed in euros and in dollars, gas spot price, annual average quotations for different crude oil prices, annual average imported oil price, and annual average imported and exported energy prices. It comments the global decrease of energy imports, their evolutions since 2006 with respect to the supplying country. It analyses the energy bill's evolution for oil and gas, discusses its importance with respect to France's GDP, and assesses it in terms of worked days for each inhabitant. Tables contain data indicating, for 2007 and 2008, the levels of imports, exports, and of the resulting bill for the different products (mineral fuels, crude oil, refined oil products, gas), and also give a comparison between the energy bill and other economic aggregates

  15. 47 CFR 1.1121 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing procedures. 1.1121 Section 1.1121 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Schedule of Statutory Charges and Procedures for Payment § 1.1121 Billing procedures. (a) The fees required for the...

  16. Modeling and Managing Risk in Billing Infrastructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baiardi, Fabrizio; Telmon, Claudio; Sgandurra, Daniele

    This paper discusses risk modeling and risk management in information and communications technology (ICT) systems for which the attack impact distribution is heavy tailed (e.g., power law distribution) and the average risk is unbounded. Systems with these properties include billing infrastructures used to charge customers for services they access. Attacks against billing infrastructures can be classified as peripheral attacks and backbone attacks. The goal of a peripheral attack is to tamper with user bills; a backbone attack seeks to seize control of the billing infrastructure. The probability distribution of the overall impact of an attack on a billing infrastructure also has a heavy-tailed curve. This implies that the probability of a massive impact cannot be ignored and that the average impact may be unbounded - thus, even the most expensive countermeasures would be cost effective. Consequently, the only strategy for managing risk is to increase the resilience of the infrastructure by employing redundant components.

  17. A field trip guidebook to the type localities of Marland Billings' 1935 Paleozoic bedrock stratigraphy near Littleton, New Hampshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Douglas W.; Rankin, Mary B.

    2014-01-01

    Marland Billings' classic paper published in 1937 in the Geological Society of America Bulletin established a succession of six stratigraphic units in rocks of low metamorphic grade near Littleton, New Hampshire. The two youngest units are fossiliferous in the area, with ages established at the time as “middle” Silurian and Early Devonian. Billings and students mapped the same stratigraphic section in adjacent areas of progressively higher regional metamorphic grade. This work laid the foundation upon which a major part of subsequent work in New England has been directly or indirectly built. This guidebook was written for a field trip held in March 2013 to visit roadcuts that are as close as possible in March to the type localities or areas of Billings’ six-fold stratigraphic succession. Ten stops are in rocks of chlorite grade of Acadian(?) metamorphism; the final stop visits amphibolite of the Ammonoosuc Volcanics. Fieldwork by the authors over the past 20 years confirms Billings’ broad conclusions.

  18. Programming bill project for a new French energy model. Opinion of the Economic, social and environmental Council

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report from the Economic, Social and Environmental Council discusses the content of the French bill project on energy transition for a green growth. It addresses the main issues and objectives of this bill project: to define common objectives for a successful energy transition, a stronger energy independence for France, and for the struggle against climate change, better renovation of buildings to save energy, decrease prices and create jobs, to develop clean transports to improve air quality and protect French people health, to struggle against wastes and to promote circular economy from product design product recycling, to promote renewable energies to diversify energy sources and to develop the resources of French territories, to strengthen nuclear safety and citizen information, to simplify and clarify procedures to be more efficient and competitive, and to give the possibility and power of acting together to citizen, territories and State. The statements of the different Council's groups are reported

  19. A workflow task force affects emergency physician compliance for point-of-care ultrasound documentation and billing

    OpenAIRE

    Lewiss, Resa E; Cook, Jessica; Sauler, Allison; Avitabile, Nicholas; Kaban, Nicole L.; Rabrich, Jeffrey; Saul, Turandot; Siadecki, Sebastian D.; Wiener, Dan

    2016-01-01

    Background Emergency point-of-care ultrasound (POC u/s) is an example of a health information technology that improves patient care and time to correct diagnosis. POC u/s examinations should be documented, as they comprise an integral component of physician decision making. Incomplete documentation prevents coding, billing and physician group compensation for ultrasound-guided procedures and patient care. We aimed to assess the effect of directed education and personal feedback through a task...

  20. Crossing the Chasm: Investing in the Early Stage Scaling of Personalized Learning at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

    OpenAIRE

    Stemm-Calderon, Zoe

    2015-01-01

    Dramatic shifts in our economy, the nature of learning, and the demographics of students are placing increasing demands on US K-12 school systems to be more responsive to students and our rapidly changing society. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has played a catalytic role in funding an emerging movement of teachers and school and system leaders who are redesigning their learning environments to personalize learning for students. Early results in these pioneering schools are pro...

  1. Development of an integrated utilities billing management system for the Navy Public Works Center San Diego, California

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past, most buildings, structures, and ship visits were not metered, and flat estimates were calculated based on various estimating techniques. The decomposition process was further complicated by the fact that many of the meters monitor consumption values only and do not provide demand or time of use data. This method of billing provides no incentives to the PWC customers to implement energy conservation programs, including load shedding, Energy Monitoring and Control Systems (EMCS), building shell improvements, low flow toilets and shower heads, efficient lighting systems, or other energy savings alternatives. Similarly, the method had no means of adjustment for seasonal or climatic variations outside of the norm. As an alternative to flat estimates, the Customized Utility Billing Integrated Control (CUBIC) system and the Graphical Data Input System (GDIS) were developed to better manage the data to the major claimant area users based on utilities usage factors, building size, weather data, and hours of operation. GDIS is a graphical database that assists PWC engineers in the development and maintenance of single-line utility diagrams of the facilities and meters. It functions as a drawing associate system and is written in AutoLISP for AutoCAD version 12. GDIS interprets the drawings and provides the facility-to-meter and meter-to-meter hierarchy data that are used by the CUBIC to allocate the billings. This paper reviews the design, development and implementation aspects of CUBIC/GDIS and discusses the benefits of this improved utilities management system

  2. Interview to Bill Gerstenmaier, NASA Human Exploration and Operations, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Interview to Bill Gerstenmaier, NASA Human Exploration and Operations, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery. Gerstenmeier describes current science aboard the International Space Station (ISS).

  3. Quantification of energy savings from Ireland's Home Energy Saving scheme. An ex post billing analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheer, J.; Clancy, M.; Ni Hogain, S. [Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland, Wilton Park House, Wilton Terrace, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2013-02-15

    This paper quantifies the energy savings realised by a sample of participants in the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland's Home Energy Saving (HES) residential retrofit scheme (currently branded as the Better Energy Homes scheme), through an ex post billing analysis. The billing data are used to evaluate: (1) the reduction in gas consumption of the sample between pre- (2008) and post- (2010) scheme participation when compared to the gas consumption of a control group, (2) an estimate of the shortfall when this result is compared to engineering-type ex ante savings estimates and (3) the degree to which these results may apply to the wider population. All dwellings in the study underwent energy efficiency improvements, including insulation upgrades (wall and/or roof), installation of high-efficiency boilers and/or improved heating controls, as part of the HES scheme. Metered gas use data for the 210 households were obtained from meter operators for a number of years preceding dwelling upgrades and for a post-intervention period of 1 year. Dwelling characteristics and some household behavioural data were obtained through a survey of the sample. The gas network operator provided anonymised data on gas usage for 640,000 customers collected over the same period as the HES sample. Dwelling type data provided with the population dataset enabled matching with the HES sample to increase the internal validity of the comparison between the control (matched population data) and the treatment (HES sample). Using a difference-in-difference methodology, the change in demand of the sample was compared with that of the matched population subset of gas-using customers in Ireland over the same time period. The mean reduction in gas demand as a result of energy efficiency upgrades for the HES sample is estimated as 21 % or 3,664{+-}603 kWh between 2008 and 2010. An ex ante estimate of average energy savings, based on engineering calculations (u value reductions and improved boiler

  4. Non-breeding Ethology of Spot-billed Pelican ( Pelecanus philippensis at Adyar Eco-Park, Chennai, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghna Bandyopadhyay

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Spot-billed Pelican is a Near Threatened species according to UCN red list. There are very limited studies regarding the non-breeding behavior of the Spot-billed Pelican, where behavioural study is very important to understand the species and ecosystem to which they belong. Studying ethology is an important stepping stone for the conservation of the species and its ecosystem. With this aspect an ethological study was carried out at Adyar Eco-park Chennai during the non-breeding season of Spot-billed Pelican for a period of thirteen days continuously. An Ad libitum study was adapted to document their behaviour. The observation was conducted over a period of 7 different time schedules. From the observation 14 individual behaviours and 4 conspecific and group behaviours were recorded. The four most time consuming activities are Alert (193.13 min, 31.15%, Preening (92.36 min, 14.89%, Resting (81.13 min, 13.09% and Looking around (71 min, 11.45%. The mean population density in the study area showed a declining trend from dawn to noon (2.04-0.55 individuals per 100 sq. m. and increasing from noon to evening (0.55-3.81 individuals per 100 sq. m.. During the observation it was found that this area is a non-breeding roosting site for the bird and they show some typical pattern as the day progresses. The present study can be helpful to build a comprehensive conservation programme for the Spot-billed Pelican and management plan for Adyar Eco-park can be developed if carried out for a longer period of time.

  5. Proportionality And The Limitation Clauses Of The South African Bill Of Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IM (Ig Rautenbach

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available "Proportionality" is a contemporary heavy-weight concept which has been described as an element of a globalised international grammar and as a foundational element of global constitutionalism. The article firstly describes the elements of proportionality as they are generally understood in foreign systems, namely whether the limitation pursues a legitimate aim, whether the limitation is capable of achieving this aim, whether the act impairs the right as little as possible and the so-called balancing stage when it must be determined whether the achievement of the aim outweighs the limitation imposed. The German academic Alexy (Theorie der Grundrechte (1986 developed what he called a mathematical weight formula to deal with the balancing stage. An overview is provided of how the elements of proportionality were dealt with in the text of the South African interim Constitution of 1994, the early jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court, and in the text of the final Constitution of 1996. Contemporary South African academic criticism of the use of the concept is also analysed. The article then endeavours to relate the elements of Alexy’s weight formula to both the elements of the South African general limitation clause in section 36 of the Constitution and to the appearance of such elements in the formulation of specific rights in the Bill of Rights. Although the levels of abstraction reached in the debates on the Alexy formula are so daunting that it is most unlikely that South African courts and practitioners will ever use it, certain valuable insights can be gained from it for the purposes of dealing with proportionality within the context of the limitation of rights in South Africa. Despite opposition from certain academics, proportionality is a prominent feature of the application of the limitation clauses in the South African Constitution. The elements of proportionality provides a useful tool for the application, within the context of the

  6. The long and the short of it: no dietary specialisation between male and female western sandpipers despite strong bill size dimorphism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha E Franks

    Full Text Available Many bird species show spatial or habitat segregation of the sexes during the non-breeding season. One potential ecological explanation is that differences in bill morphology favour foraging niche specialisation and segregation. Western sandpipers Calidris mauri have pronounced bill size dimorphism, with female bills averaging 15% longer than those of males. The sexes differ in foraging behaviour and exhibit partial latitudinal segregation during the non-breeding season, with males predominant in the north and females in the south. Niche specialisation at a local scale might account for this broad geographic pattern, and we investigated whether longer-billed females and shorter-billed males occupy different foraging niches at 16 sites across the non-breeding range. We used stable-nitrogen (δ(15N isotope analysis of whole blood to test for dietary specialisation according to bill length and sex. Stable-nitrogen isotope ratios increase with trophic level. We predicted that δ(15N values would increase with bill length and would be higher for females, which use a greater proportion of foraging behaviour that targets higher-trophic level prey. We used stable-carbon (δ(13C isotope analysis to test for habitat segregation according to bill length and sex. Stable-carbon isotope ratios vary between marine- and freshwater-influenced habitats. We predicted that δ(13C values would differ between males and females if the sexes segregate between habitat types. Using a model selection approach, we found little support for a relationship between δ(15N and either bill length or sex. There was some indication, however, that more marine δ(13C values occur with shorter bill lengths. Our findings provide little evidence that male and female western sandpipers exhibit dietary specialisation as a function of their bill size, but indicate that the sexes may segregate in different habitats according to bill length at some non-breeding sites. Potential ecological

  7. A breeding site record of Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus (Aves: Accipitriformes: Accipitridae) from Bejjur Reserve Forest, Telangana, India

    OpenAIRE

    Swetha Stotrabhashyam; Bharath Reddy; Venugopal Satla; Imran Siddiqui

    2015-01-01

    The Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus is, Critically Endangered with few known breeding sites in peninsular India.  We present a previously undocumented Long-billed Vulture breeding site in Bejjur Reserve Forest, Adilabad District, northern Telangana.

  8. Performance improvement planning : developing effective billing and collection practices

    OpenAIRE

    anonymous

    2008-01-01

    Effective billing and collection systems are a critical component for ensuring the viability of a service provider. Improving billing and collection activities has an immediate impact on the revenue streams of a service provider that can, in turn, help the service provider in improving services. However, while effective billing and collection practices depend on many internal factors (including customer databases, the extent of metered and unmetered service provision, tariff and billing struc...

  9. 47 CFR 69.128 - Billing name and address.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing name and address. 69.128 Section 69.128... Computation of Charges § 69.128 Billing name and address. Appropriate subelements shall be established for the use of equipment or facilities that are associated with offerings of billing name and address....

  10. Consumer Rights Bill 2013: what could it mean for us?

    OpenAIRE

    Mwenya, Mwenya

    2013-01-01

    The Consumer Rights Bill 2013 attempts to clarify the rights of consumer and the measures available to protect them. The Bill is a welcome reinforcement as previously consumer rights where contained in various legislation which made for a very cumbersome system. The Bill particularly attempts to give online shopper more confidence by clarifying their rights. It may not be perfect but this bill a step in the right direction.

  11. Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) (Amendment) Bill 2016: Legislative Bill

    OpenAIRE

    Butler, Graham; Rock, Noel

    2016-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament).An Act to amend sections 49 and 51 of the Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) Act 2013 to ensure the powers exercised by the Central Bank of Ireland to make regulations, conferred by the Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) Act 2013 are fit for purpose; and to provide for related matters.

  12. 46 CFR 282.31 - Subsidy billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... subsidy for liner vessels, PART 282, Title 46, CFR; and (c) the operation of the vessels covered by said... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subsidy billing procedures. 282.31 Section 282.31... COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES Subsidy Payment and Billing Procedures § 282.31 Subsidy billing...

  13. Strengthening Medicare: Will increasing the bulk-billing rate and supply of general practitioners increase access to Medicare-funded general practitioner services and does rurality matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Day, Susan E; Alford, Katrina; Dunt, David; Peacock, Stuart; Gurrin, Lyle; Voaklander, Don

    2005-01-01

    Background Recent increases in the bulk-billing rate have been taken as an indication that the Federal government's Strengthening Medicare initiative, and particularly the bulk-billing incentives, are 'working'. Given the enduring geographic differences in the supply of general practitioners (GPs) it is timely to reconsider the impact that this increase in the provision of 'free care' will have on access to Medicare-funded GP services in rural and urban areas of Australia. Utilisation has bee...

  14. 14 CFR 1215.115 - Payment and billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Payment and billing. 1215.115 Section 1215... billing. (a) To each user there will be an initial non-refundable administrative charge of $25,000 which is applicable toward TDRSS operational services. (b) The procedure for billing and payment...

  15. 46 CFR 9.16 - Billing for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing for services. 9.16 Section 9.16 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC EXTRA COMPENSATION FOR OVERTIME SERVICES § 9.16 Billing for services. Overtime services shall be billed to the steamship...

  16. 46 CFR 252.41 - Subsidy billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 252, Title 46, CFR: and (c) the operation of the vessels covered by said Agreement and regulations... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subsidy billing procedures. 252.41 Section 252.41... Payment and Billing Procedures § 252.41 Subsidy billing procedures. (a) Subsidy voucher—(1) Form....

  17. Promoting the Recognition and Protection of the Rights of All Migrants Using a Soft-Law International Migrants Bill of Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian M. Kysel

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The rights and movement of people crossing international borders remain inadequately governed and incompletely protected by a fragmented patchwork of institutions and norms. In recent years, debates regarding migration law and practice globally have been focused on subcategories of migrants, such as refugees, or on particular migration contexts, such as migration as a result of crisis or climate change. In response, a transnational initiative housed at the Georgetown University Law Center has drafted a soft-law bill of rights — the International Migrants Bill of Rights (IMBR — that seeks to elaborate the law protecting all migrants, regardless of the cause of their movement across an international border. The bill draws its content from human rights, refugee, and labor law, among other areas, and is drafted to be a comprehensive and declarative tool that articulates a core set of rights to protect migrants and to apply in the migration context.This article articulates how such a tool could be used to promote the recognition and protection of the rights of all migrants, in law and in practice. It argues that a soft-law bill of rights could be leveraged to fill significant gaps and promote an improved normative and institutional infrastructure that better protects all migrants worldwide. Section I provides a brief overview of the gap that a soft-law bill of rights can address. Section II provides a brief overview of the history and content of the bill of rights and IMBR Initiative. Section III describes, specifically, how making use of a soft-law bill of rights stands to improve the recognition and protection of fundamental rights that protect all migrants — and how soft law can help fill specific protection gaps.

  18. Open Letter to members of the House of Lords regarding the Immigration Bill 2015 - Second Reading 22nd December, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Kate

    2015-01-01

    This ‘open letter’ was drafted (December, 2015) by Dr. Kate Smith on behalf of the Centre for Applied Childhood, Youth and Family Research. It was sent to more than 85 members of the House of Lords to bring attention to some of the proposed changes in the Immigration Bill 2015. The content outlines the concerns of the Centre for Applied Childhood, Youth and Family Research and how they relate to the best interests of the child and their families, as well as the protection of children’s well-b...

  19. Bill McSweeney: a remembrance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pediatric radiologists (both SPR and ESPR) are a family growing in numbers. When founders such as John Caffey, Ed Neuhauser and Jacques Le Febvre died, we grieved while remembering them fondly. The death of Bill McSweeney from acute airway obstruction in August 1998 came as a shock. Yet Bill had been ill for many years. His once promising effects of been cut short by the inexorable; devastating effects of Parkinson disease and the complications of this therapy. Most current SPR and ESPR members never knew Bill McSweeney. These remembrances are designed to correct that

  20. The energy bill for France in 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 1999 energy bill is characterized by a sharp increase of oil prices. This bill reached 76.8 milliard French francs (MFF), it represents a rise of 27% relatively to the previous year, this bill can be broken up into petroleum: 70.9 MFF (+34.5%), natural gas: 17.8 MFF (-3.8%), coal: 4.7 MFF (-7.9%), and electricity export: 16.7 MFF (+4.1%). In 1999 the energy expenses represented 0.87% of the gross national income. (A.C.)

  1. The House of Commons of Canada, Bill C-249: An act to amend the nuclear liability act

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this bill is to increase the maximum level of liability for which a private sector nuclear facility operator may be required to have insurance coverage from 75 million dollars to 500 million dollars. If the Governor in Council is of the opinion that liability could exceed the insured amount and a Commission created under Part II of the Act orders that further compensation should be made. At present, the Crown may make such payments but is not required to do so

  2. Produtos de pesca e contaminantes químicos na água da Represa Billings, São Paulo (Brasil Fishing yield and chemical contamination of the water of the Billings Reservoir, S. Paulo (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristides Almeida Rocha

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available Através da análise dos surfactantes determinados pelo método colorimétrico com azul de metileno, e dos metais pesados determinados por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica, como o cádmio, chumbo, cobre, cromo, mercúrio e zinco, foi caracterizada a poluição na Represa Billings, SP (Brasil, enfatizando a qualidade sanitária da água e a contaminação dos peixes. Com base nos dados coligidos, é mostrado o perigo potencial que representa o consumo do pescado proveniente da Billings, se bem que a pesca comercial esteja hoje praticamente restrita às cabeceiras dos braços dos rios Capivari e Pequeno, na junção próxima a Ribeirão Pires e nos braços dos rios Curucutu e Taquacetuba. Os dados da CEAGESP - Companhia de Entreposto de Armazéns Gerais do Estado de São Paulo - indicam que, no ano de 1980, apenas 64 toneladas de peixe provieram de São Bernardo do Campo.Data on detergents and heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, copper, chromium, mercury and zinc are used in order to estimate pollution and sanitary quality of water as well as contamination of fish from Billings Reservoir, SP, Brazil. The results of this work are a warning with regard to the potential risk of human consumption of fish from that Reservoir, even though commercial fishing is now practically restricted to the riverheads of the affluents of the rivers Capivari and Pequeno near Ribeirão Pires and along the rivers Curucutu and Taquacetuba. Data from CEAGESP (Companhia de Entreposto de Armazéns Gerais do Estado de São Paulo show that in 1980 only 64 tons of fish came from S. Bernardo do Campo.

  3. Guaranteed energy bills for homes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent developments from the company that established the UK's National Home Energy Rating schemes are reported. The extension into social housing has proved highly popular and an energy cost guarantee which guarantees the main heating and hot water bill of a home will not exceed a pre-specified level, with a cash refund if it does, has been developed for the home occupier market. (UK)

  4. Merchant marine nuclear insurance and indemnity bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text is presented of a bill to amend the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, to provide for public remuneration in the event of a nuclear incident involving a nuclear-powered United States flag merchant ship

  5. "Starting life together" is key to start-up of Montana birth center. Deaconess Billings Clinic uses a soft touch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botvin, J D

    2001-01-01

    Challenged by the requirements of managed care, Deaconess Billings Clinic resumed obstetrical services after 25 years. The resulting Family Birth Center is a "marketer's dream," with state-of-the-art facilities and an enviable model of care. The grand opening was highlighted by an open house, or "baby shower." The ongoing marketing campaign includes soft, sweet images of happy babies with their moms and dads. Memorable TV commercials emphasize the mother's comfort, the expertise of the medical staff, and the baby ... thoroughly enjoying the birth experience. PMID:11338363

  6. SELF-BILL, A NEW APPLICATION OF COMMERCIAL INVOICE AS A RESULT OF ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engin YARBAŞI

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The progress of the world economy in the last decades brought the deletion of the small and medium sized enterprises and the rise of the bigger ones in order to satisfy the consumers as much as possible. These businesses face another giant problem which is to hold enough capital, that means the merchant who has to buy big quantities of many types of goods would need an enourmous capital and the problem of the producer is having to sell his products to as many as possible retailers. The solution of these problems appear to be sending on consignement or collection on sale - so no- body would have capital insufficiency pressure. The next problem on behalf of the producer is to watch the sale of the goods for inventory control and also for cash inflow expectation. The last solution here becomes the Self-Billing in English or Autofacturation in French or Selbstfakturierung in German which means the buyer issues bill of the goods sold himself on behalf of the producer and send one copy to the producer. this application is not valid in turkey yet but we believe it will take its place among rules and legislations soon.

  7. [Sanitary control of alcohol advertisement in Brazil: a study of the law bills from 1988 to 2004].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falcão, Isa Cristina Lopes; Rangel-S, Maria Ligia

    2010-11-01

    This study analyses law bills towards the sanitary control of alcohol advertisement in the mass media presented to the Brazilian Congress from 1988 to 2004. The sanitary control of this advertising is a controversial issue bringing about an ethical-political debate in which the health-protecting interests conflict with commercial ones even after scientific evidence has established increasing alcohol intake as a health and social issue worldwide. The content analysis of 67 of such law bills was carried out, and these proposals were shown to consist mostly of strategies to both cope with alcohol advertising by dissociating from the product those values that might interfere with the children and teenagers' building of their social identity and limit advertisement contents in the mass media given the higher vulnerability of the subjects in that age range. This study reveals complexes challenges for the control of alcohol advertisement that in turn lead to rethinking the action of the State apparatus in dealing with this major public health issue. PMID:21120331

  8. How to Bill Your Computer Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooskin, Herbert P.

    1981-01-01

    A computer facility billing procedure should be designed so that the full costs of a computer center operation are equitably charged to the users. Design criteria, costing methods, and management's role are discussed. (Author/MLF)

  9. DISCRIMINATING BETWEEN TARIFF BILL-BASED THEORIES OF THE STOCK MARKET CRASH OF 1929 USING EVENT STUDY DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard C. Beaudreau

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Jude Wanniski (1978 argued that the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill was a key factor in the Stock Market Crash of October 1929 and the Great Depression. The specter of higher tariffs and lower foreign trade, he argued, depressed share prices, leading ultimately to the Stock Market Crash. Bernard Beaudreau (1996, 2005, on the other hand, made the reverse argument, namely that the specter of higher tariffs from November 1928 to October 1929 fueled the Stock Market Boom as investors anticipated higher revenues and profits from the anticipated increase in sales and revenues. The Stock Market Crash, he argued, came on the heels of the defeat of the Thomas Recommittal Plan which foretold of lower, not higher as Wanniski contended, tariffs on manufactures. Using Event Study data from January 14, 1929 to October 29, 1929, this paper attempts to discriminate between these two hypotheses. The results show that “good” tariff bill news as reported in the New York Times contributed to stock price appreciation, and vice-versa, supporting the latter theory.

  10. Challenges for the Management of Cells and Batteries After Use: Nomination of Bill on E-Waste in the City of Rio Claro - SP

    OpenAIRE

    Maíra Rubini Ruiz; Rui Alexandre Christofoletti; Luana Ianara Rubini Ruiz; Edival Lopes da Silva

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present both the political and educational actions that are the major subjects of bill on management of batteries in Rio Claro city, SP, Brazil. While the political actions refer to the furthering of a bill approved recently in the local Youth Parliament  for presentation in the Board of Aldermen, the educational actions relate to the creation of an environmental education program to orient the disposal of batteries at the municipal level. The National Policy o...

  11. The House of Lords Select Committee on the Assisted Dying for the Terminally III Bill: implications for specialist palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finlay, I G; Wheatley, V J; Izdebski, C

    2005-09-01

    The Assisted Dying for the Terminally III Bill proposed to legalise both euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide for those with a terminal illness in the UK. A House of Lords Select Committee was convened to scrutinise this Bill and has recently published its report, which will be debated in Parliament on October 10th 2005. The written and oral evidence submitted to the Select Committee represented a wide range of views on 'assisted dying'. Much of the evidence from those countries which have legalised euthanasia/physician-assisted suicide (The Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland and Oregon, USA) dealt with the practicalities of ending life, and the legal procedures and safeguards instigated in these countries. All the written and oral evidence in the public domain was scrutinised by the authors whilst the Select Committee was sitting. We have extracted those themes relevant to specialist palliative care practice and present them in this paper. We hope that this will provide a useful resource to inform the forthcoming public debate on assisted dying. The evidence of harms inherent in making such a change in the law, as presented to the Select Committee, has moved all three authors to oppose a change in the law. PMID:16218156

  12. Genetic structure, diversity and subspecies status of Gull-billed Terns (Gelochelidon nilotica) from the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Mark P.; Mullins, Thomas D.; Haig, Susan M.

    2013-01-01

    Gull-billed Terns (Gelochelidon nilotica) are among the most widespread, yet scarce, Charadriiformes in the world. Two subspecies are recognized in the United States: G. n. aranea breeds along the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf coasts and G. n. vanrossemi breeds in the Salton Sea and San Diego Bay of California. Conservation concerns exist for the species due to its low abundance in the United States and apparent declines in some parts of its North American range. We used nuclear microsatellite markers and mitochondrial DNA sequences to assess genetic diversity and differentiation patterns among Gull-billed Tern populations from Virginia, Texas, and California. We also tested for evidence of population bottlenecks, and evaluated the support our data provide for the North American subspecies. Genetic diversity was highest in Texas and underscored the importance of habitat in that large population. Significant population differentiation existed, but could not be consistently identified using various analytical approaches and suggested that the magnitude of differentiation was low. No evidence for bottlenecks was identified. Our data could not distinguish individuals from different subspecies and therefore do not support the current intraspecific taxonomy. Tenable explanations for many findings are related to the low site tenacity demonstrated by the species.

  13. Bill authorizing the approval of the cooperation agreement between the French Republic Government and the Indian Republic Government for the development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having recalled the context of this cooperation agreement (increasing energy needs of India, enabling the Indian economical growth not to contribute to global warming, agreement between India and the IAEA), this text comments the bill content, i.e. the cooperation field and modalities, and the various opportunities, obligations, constraints, commitments, and guarantees of this cooperation. These aspects are concerning the industrial relationship between France and India as well as the compliance with international agreements and controls. After a list of the different existing agreements between French and Indian nuclear institutions, the actual bill text is given

  14. Customer-economics of residential photovoltaic systems (Part 1): The impact of high renewable energy penetrations on electricity bill savings with net metering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Residential photovoltaic (PV) systems in the US are often compensated at the customer's underlying retail electricity rate through net metering. Given the uncertainty in future retail rates and the inherent links between rates and the customer–economics of behind-the-meter PV, there is growing interest in understanding how potential changes in rates may impact the value of bill savings from PV. In this article, we first use a production cost and capacity expansion model to project California hourly wholesale electricity market prices under two potential electricity market scenarios, including a reference and a 33% renewables scenario. Second, based on the wholesale electricity market prices generated by the model, we develop retail rates (i.e., flat, time-of-use, and real-time pricing) for each future scenario based on standard retail rate design principles. Finally, based on these retail rates, the bill savings from PV is estimated for 226 California residential customers under two types of net metering, for each scenario. We find that high renewable penetrations can drive substantial changes in residential retail rates and that these changes, together with variations in retail rate structures and PV compensation mechanisms, interact to place substantial uncertainty on the future value of bill savings from residential PV. - Highlights: • We investigate the impact of high renewables on customer economics of solar. • We model three types of residential retail electricity rates. • Based on the rates, we calculate the bill savings from photovoltaic (PV) generation. • High renewables penetration can lead to lower bill savings with time-varying rates. • There is substantial uncertainty in the future bill savings from residential PV

  15. Filling-in of the bill for the environmental quality of the production of sustainable electricity. Summarized overview of a possible categorization and compensation for producers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a preparation to the title bill a proposal must be elaborated with respect to categorization and tariffs of reimbursements for the production of sustainable electricity. The categorization and tariffs will mainly be based on uneconomic parts of several sustainable options for the production of electricity. Results of calculations are presented and discussed in this report

  16. Bill Gates, If You're so Rich, How Come You're Not Smart? Point of View Essay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracey, Gerald

    2005-01-01

    Bill Gates and the governors were quite vague about what makes the schools obsolete or what to do about it. What is it, exactly, that schools are not teaching that they need to? Bill Gates also claimed that American kids were at the top in fourth grade, but at the bottom by 12th. The author congratulates Gates for focusing some attention on…

  17. 31 CFR 587.308 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., stocks, bonds, coupons, any other financial instruments, bankers acceptances, mortgages, pledges, liens or other rights in the nature of security, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts,...

  18. 40 CFR 81.88 - Billings Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Billings Intrastate Air Quality... Quality Control Regions § 81.88 Billings Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The Metropolitan Billings Intrastate Air Quality Control Region (Montana) has been renamed the Billings Intrastate Air Quality...

  19. Sharing China's Bank Restructuring Bill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guonan Ma

    2006-01-01

    This paper addresses the questions related to the cost of China's bank restructuring and how it has been financed. We first propose a framework for recognizing losses. Then, we examine the recent major moves by the Chinese Government to repair the country's bank balance sheets. Finally, we explore the implications of the Chinese Government's methods of funding bank restructuring. We find that the Chinese Government has been decisive in confronting the costly task of bank restructuring. So far, Chinese taxpayers have paid most of the bill for bank restructuring.

  20. H.R. 4934: A Bill to provide for a viable domestic uranium industry. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, June 28, 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill H.R. 4934 is aimed to provide a viable domestic uranium industry, to establish a program to fund reclamation and other remedial actions with respect to mill tailings at active uranium and thorium sites, and to establish a wholly-owned Government corporation to manage the Nation's uranium enrichment enterprise, operating as a continuing, commercial enterprise on a profitable and efficient basis. The contents of the bill are divided into four sections entitled: Introduction, Uranium Revitalization, Remedial Action Performed by the Owner or Licensee of Active Sites, and United States Enrichment Corporation. The section on the United States Enrichment Corporation further amends the previously amended Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to detail exactly how the corporation shall be established, funded, and managed. The bill was referred jointly to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, Interior and Insular Affairs, Science, Space and Technology, and Ways and Means

  1. Information report on the behalf of the Delegation for overseas territories on the bill project nr 2188 related to energy transition for a green growth - Nr 2197

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report first outlines and discusses that energy transition is a necessity as well as an opportunity for overseas local communities for the emergence of a new model of economic development. The potential of these territories in terms of renewable energies is outlined, as well as the important issues for a successful energy transition. The second part comments the implications for the overseas territories of the bill project on energy transition for a green growth (general presentation of the bill project, advances for overseas territories, measures of interest, measures to be deepened)

  2. Information report by the Commission of European Affairs making observations on the bill project nr 2188 related to energy transition for a green growth - Nr 2199

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a synthesis which addresses and discusses the climate context and challenge, the importance and complexity of the energy issue within this context, the European commitment on these issues (energy efficiency, energy saving, greenhouse gas emissions), and the content and objectives of the French bill project on energy transition, this report outlines the need of an as quick as possible implementation of energy transition to cope with the climate emergency, and that new international constraints are also advocating for a transition towards a new energy model. It shows that the French bill project fully forms part of the European approach, and proposes additional measures

  3. The Use of Force in Affecting Arrest in South Africa and the 2010 Bill: A Step in the Right Direction?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T van der Walt

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In South Africa the use of force in effecting arrest is statutorily governed by section 49 of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977. The inception of the Constitution brought about a dramatic change in South African law in this regard. During 2001 and 2002 the two highest courts in the country had to decide on the constitutionality of sections 49(1 and 49(2 respectively. The Supreme Court of Appeal in Govender v Minister of Safety and Security 2001 2 SACR 197(SCA did not declare section 49(1 unconstitutional but found it had to be interpreted restrictively ("read down" to survive constitutional scrutiny. The Constitutional Court on the other hand confirmed the unconstitutionality of section 49(2 in S v Walters 2002 2 SACR 105 (CC and the section was declared invalid. By the(as early as 1998 the legislature had alreadypromulgated an amendment to section 49, but the amendment came into op eration only in 2003 after section 49 had undergone intensive constitutional scrutiny. Legal scholars and others raised serious objections against the amendment – some were even of the opinion that it created a "right to flee" and that the rights of perpetratorswere protected to the detriment of law-abiding citizens. The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development in 2010 drafted an Amendment Bill which was subsequently approved in Parliament. This paper discusses and concludes on: the developments over the last years in the South African law with regard to the use offorce in effecting arrest by the South African Police Service(SAPS; international policies and guidelines of the police in this regard; and the application of the provisions of the Amendment Bill in practice and the possible pitfalls in the application of the latter.

  4. Bill of modernization and development of electricity public service; Projet de loi de modernisation et de developpement du service public de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-15

    The bill presented by the French Government has as objective the modernization and development of the electricity public service by transposing at the same time within the French legislation the Directive concerning the common rules for domestic electricity market, adopted by the Council of Ministers of European Union and Parliament on 19 December 1996. This bill expresses also the Government's intent to conjugate reinforcement of the electricity public service with introduction of competition elements which will boost the France's competitiveness to the benefit of employment. Therefore, the new organization will endorse both the achievement of the public service's missions and the progressive opening of the market within the limits and according to the pace authorized by the directive. Thus, the bill aims at providing the country with a law that modernizes and reinforces the electricity public service and at the same time enrolls itself within the continual series of great laws on electricity, among which that of nationalization of 8 april 1946. The bill contains fifty two articles and nine titles with the following content: - 1. The electricity public service; - 2. The production of electricity; - 3. Electricity transport and distribution; - 4. The access of public electricity networks; - 5. The accounting dissociation and transparency; - 6. Regulation; -7.The object of Electricite de France; - 8. Social dispositions; -9. Diverse and transitory dispositions.

  5. Policy bill of program on the radioactive materials and wastes management. Press conference. Intervention of Francois Loos, Ministry delegate to the Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides the presentation of Francois Loos concerning the policy bill on the program of radioactive materials and wastes. Three axis of researches are decided: the separation and transmutation, the deep underground disposal and long dated storage and conditioning processes. The bill institutes a national radioactive materials and waste management plan and defines a programme and calendar for research and work leading to implementation of this plan, which will comprise three major points: with a view to looking to reduce the quantity of waste, spent nuclear fuels taken from the nuclear power plants will be reprocessed for recycling in the plants; waste which cannot be recycled will be packaged in a robust matrix and then temporarily stored on the surface; after interim storage, waste which cannot be finally disposed of in a surface facility, will be placed in a deep geological reversible repository. In order to monitor each step in this plan, the bill strengthens independent assessment of research and involves greater information of the public. With regard to financing, the bill clarifies the fact that economic development of the departments concerned by research into disposal options and the research itself will be financed by additional taxes on the operators of nuclear installations. (A.L.B.)

  6. RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

    2011-07-01

    In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

  7. A physician's due: measuring physician billing performance, benchmarking results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodcock, Elizabeth W; Browne, Robert C; Jenkins, Jennifer L

    2008-07-01

    A 2008 study focused on four key performance indicators (KPIs) and staffing levels to benchmark the FYO7 performance of physician group billing operations. A comparison of the change in the KPIs from FYO3 to FYO7 for a number of these billing operations disclosed across-the-board improvements. Billing operations did not show significant changes in staffing levels during this time, pointing to the existence of obstacles that prevent staff reductions in this area. PMID:18683420

  8. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    Net metering has become a widespread policy mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), allowing customers with PV systems to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption. Although net metering is one of the principal drivers for the residential PV market in the U.S., the academic literature on this policy has been sparse and this dissertation contributes to this emerging body of literature. This dissertation explores the linkages between the availability of net metering, wholesale electricity market conditions, retail rates, and the residential bill savings from behind-the-meter PV systems. First, I examine the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering and alternatives to net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on current rates and a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. I find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies greatly, largely attributable to the increasing block structure of the California utilities' residential retail rates. I also find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than alternative compensation mechanisms based on avoided costs. However, retail electricity rates may shift as wholesale electricity market conditions change. I then investigate a potential change in market conditions -- increased solar PV penetrations -- on wholesale prices in the short-term based on the merit-order effect. This demonstrates the potential price effects of changes in market conditions, but also points to a number of methodological shortcomings of this method, motivating my usage of a long-term capacity investment and economic dispatch model to examine wholesale price effects of various wholesale market scenarios in the subsequent analysis. By developing

  9. Nuclear waste reform among first energy bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over 300 bills were introduced in the first week of the new Congress that convened in January, among them a bill aimed at correcting the government's seriously flawed nuclear waste storage program. The bill would required the Department of Energy (DOE) to provide an interim storage site for high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel at Yucca Mountain, Nevada no later than January 31, 1998. DOE says it will no be able to complete a permanent repository until 2010, and is not obligated to take possession on nuclear waste until a permanent repository is completed. The ever worsening problem prompted 14 utilities and 20 states to file separate lawsuits against the DOE to force the agency into accepting spent fuel. Utilities and ultimately consumers have paid over $8 billion into the Nuclear Waste Fund that is supposed to be used for a permanent repository, but the money has not been put to use yet. Spokesmen for the Nuclear Energy Institute and electric utilities feel that the bill is a step in the right direction and will begin the much needed reforms in the nuclear waste program. Other energy related bills in the 104th Congress are also discussed including the phasing out of funding for the Tennessee Valley Authority

  10. Brownian motion in the treasury bill futures market

    OpenAIRE

    Dale, Charles

    1981-01-01

    This paper analyzes prices and volumes in the T-bill futures market using a physical analogy called Brownian Motion. The results are similar to those obtained in previous studies of stock markets. For prices, the T-bill futures market failed to exhibit the presence of resistance and support levels, indicating that chartists could not profit by looking for such levels. For low volumes, T-bill futures exhibited lognormal behavior patterns, meaning that new investors are attracted to markets ...

  11. S. 2556: a bill to suspend the site selection process under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, June 16, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill suspends the site selection process under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. A companion bill to H.R. 5031, it is a response the Energy Secretary's postponement in selecting a site for high-level radioactive waste storage and new concerns following the Chernobyl accident. It repeals Sections 112 and 113, and calls for deliberations and passage of new guidelines

  12. Who'll pay the electricity bill?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power will be protected from the vagaries of the free market by requiring the 12 privatised distribution companies to take around 15-20% of their power from non-fossil (i.e. nuclear) sources. The Electricity Bill also requires producers of fossil-fuelled electricity to charge a compulsory levy which will be used to finance the non-fossil quota. The extra cost of generating electricity by nuclear means compared with the alternatives will be recouped via the 'levy' after the new PWRs have come into operation. Producers of power which is neither nuclear nor fossil will not be required to make this levy, so renewable energies may gain a small competitive advantage. The financial implications of privatisation have not been fully clarified, especially regarding nuclear power with its associated expenses of radioactive waste disposal and decommissioning. Energy efficiency may be encouraged by the Bill, but competition may not result from the Bill. (author)

  13. Small High Schools at Work: A Case Study of Six Gates-Funded Schools in New York City. A Report to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancsali, Cheri; Jaffe-Walter, Reva; Mitchell-McKnight, Vernay; Nevarez, Nancy; Orellana, Eliana, Williams Rose, Lea

    2010-01-01

    The Academy for Educational Development (AED) conducted a case study of six public high schools in New York City as part of a multifaceted evaluation of a small schools initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Through surveys, interviews, and focus groups, the authors gathered information and opinions from the schools' principals,…

  14. Reform of the Buy-and-Bill System for Outpatient Chemotherapy Care Is Inevitable: Perspectives from an Economist, a Realpolitik, and an Oncologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polite, Blase; Conti, Rena M; Ward, Jeffery C

    2015-01-01

    Treating patients with cancer with infused or injected oncolytics is a core component of outpatient oncology practice. Currently, practices purchase drugs and then bill insurers, colloquially called "buy and bill." Reimbursement for these drugs is the largest source of gross revenue for oncology practices, and as the prices of cancer drugs have grown over time, these purchases have had significant impact on the financial health of practices and pose a risk that jeopardizes the ability of many practices to operate and provide patient care. Medicare Part B spending on drugs is under political scrutiny because of federal spending pressures, and the margin between buy and bill, lowered to 6% by the Medicare Modernization Act and further decreased to 4.3% by sequestration, is a convenient and popular target of budgetary discussions and proposals, scored to save billions of dollars over 10-year budget windows for each percentage-point reduction. Alternatives to the buy-and-bill system have been proposed to include invoice pricing, least costly alternative reimbursement, bundling of drugs into episode-of-care payments, shifting Part B drugs to the Medicare Part D benefit, and revision of the failed Competitive Acquisition Program. This article brings the perspectives of policy makers, health care economists, and providers together to discuss this major challenge in oncology payment reform. PMID:25993241

  15. Are larger Treasury issues more liquid? Evidence from bill reopenings

    OpenAIRE

    Michael J. Fleming

    2002-01-01

    This paper makes use of a natural experiment of the U.S. Treasury Department to examine the relationship between Treasury security issue size and liquidity. Treasury bills that were first issued with fifty-two weeks to maturity and then reopened at twenty-six weeks are shown to be more liquid than comparable maturity bills that were first issued with twenty-six weeks to maturity. The relationship is less pronounced when bills are on-the-run (the most recently auctioned bills of a given maturi...

  16. The Protection of Indigenous Traditional Knowledge through the Intellectual Property System and the 2008 South African Intellectual Property Law Amendment Bill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amos Saurombe

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The discussion of Traditional Knowledge as a subject of intellectual property protection continues to take centre stage at different fora. It is particularly relevant for developing and least developing countries whose Traditional Knowledge mechanisms continue to be exploited without accruing any benefits. The situation in South Africa is not different. The South African Department of Trade and Industry (Dti is spearheading efforts to create a legal framework that seeks to protect and promote Traditional Knowledge using existing intellectual property law mechanisms. Through this Bill, South Africa is seeking to protect Traditional Knowledge beyond the area of patents. The challenge for the Bill is to cover all aspects of Traditional Knowledge. This has already proven to be difficult as indicated by the outcomes of one of the consultation workshops with various stakeholders (University professionals and indigenous communities. Furthermore the Bill will have to be mindful of the manifestations of intellectual property at regional (SADC, SACU and AU as well as the international position (WIPO, TRIPS and WTO. This paper seeks to measure the extent to which the Bill will protect Traditional Knowledge and the possibility of its use as a model for the region and the developing world.

  17. Approaches of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation-Funded Intermediary Organizations to Structuring and Supporting Small High Schools in New York City. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Eileen

    2010-01-01

    In 2003, a few years after the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation began implementing its small schools reform agenda, the Chancellor of the New York City Department of Education (DOE) announced a plan to replace large failing high schools in New York City with 200 small schools. In short order, the foundation and the Chancellor became partners with…

  18. Approaches of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation-Funded Intermediary Organizations to Structuring and Supporting Small High Schools in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Eileen

    2010-01-01

    In 2003, a few years after the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation began implementing its small schools reform agenda, the Chancellor of the New York City Department of Education (DOE) announced a plan to replace large failing high schools in New York City with 200 small schools. In short order, the foundation and the Chancellor became partners with…

  19. H.R. 1526: A Bill to the Defense Nuclear Waste Cleanup Privatization Act. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses a bill to authorize the Secretary of Energy to enter into privatization arrangements for activities carried out in connection with defense nuclear facilities, and for other purposes like: waste remediation and environmental restoration, including treatment, storage, and disposal; technical services; energy production; utility services; effluent treatment; general storage; fabrication and maintenance; and research and testing

  20. Slender-billed Curlew (Numenius tenuirostris in the Czech Republic: the historical occurrence of this species in Bohemia and its return on the checklist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudeček Jiří J.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Slender-billed Curlew (Numenius tenuirostris is a higly endangered, almost extinct shorebird species in Europe. This paper describes little-known evidence about its occurrence in the Bohemian territory, which could help to get this species back on the checklist of birds in the Czech Republic.

  1. The lunar atmosphere and dust environment explorer mission (LADEE)

    CERN Document Server

    Russell, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    This volume contains five articles describing the mission and its instruments.  The first paper, by the project scientist Richard C. Elphic and his colleagues, describes the mission objectives, the launch vehicle, spacecraft and the mission itself.  This is followed by a description of LADEE’s Neutral Mass Spectrometer by Paul Mahaffy and company.  This paper describes the investigation that directly targets the lunar exosphere, which can also be explored optically in the ultraviolet.  In the following article Anthony Colaprete describes LADEE’s Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrometer that operated from 230 nm to 810 nm scanning the atmosphere just above the surface.  Not only is there atmosphere but there is also dust that putatively can be levitated above the surface, possibly by electric fields on the Moon’s surface.  Mihaly Horanyi leads this investigation, called the Lunar Dust Experiment, aimed at understanding the purported observations of levitated dust.  This experiment was also very succes...

  2. Failed delivery and daily Treasury bill returns

    OpenAIRE

    Ramon P. DeGennaro; James T. Moser

    1990-01-01

    If the seller of a Treasury bill does not provide timely and correct delivery instructions to the clearing bank, the bank does not deliver the security. Further, the seller is not paid until this "failed delivery" is rectified. Since the purchase price is not changed, these "fails" generate interest-free loans from the seller to the buyer. ; This paper studies the effect of failed delivery on Treasury-bill prices. We find that investors bid prices to a premium to reflect the possibility of ob...

  3. The Relative Humidity of the Atmosphere in the Encasements Containing the Declaration of Independence, the US Constitution (Pages 1 and 4), and the Bill of Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, James W.; Burkett, Cecil G.; Levine, Joel S.

    2002-01-01

    In 1951, the four pages of the US Constitution, the Letter of Transmittal, the Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Independence, collectively called the 'Charters of Freedom,' were hermetically sealed individually in glass encasements. The atmosphere in the encasements consisted of a mixture of helium with water vapor at a relative humidity between 25 and 35% at room temperature. In 1998, Margaret Kelly of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), contacted Dr. Joel S. Levine at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) to request assistance in determining the chemical composition of the atmosphere inside the encasements. Several different Langley learns were assembled to address that request. each using a different measurement technique. This report describes the method and results of one team's relative humidity measurements on encasements containing pages 1 and 4 of the US Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Declaration of Independence performed at NARA, College Park. Maryland, on July 23, 2001.

  4. A Registration Algorithm for the Identification of Individual Parrots Based on the Patterns of Filing Ridges on the Internal Surface of Their Upper Bill Tip

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas C. Redd; Brooke H. Dubansky; Michelle L. Osborn; Thomas N. Tully; Dominique G. Homberger

    2012-01-01

    Ridges on the internal side of the upper bill tip (i.e., “filing ridges”) of parrots and some cockatoos form patterns that are characteristic of genera and, therefore, can be used for the classification of parrots and cockatoos. These patterns are also individually variable and, thus, could be used to fingerprint individual parrots. The objectives of our project were to evaluate the degree of individual variability and to develop a method and algorithm for registering and comparing the patter...

  5. Report on the behalf of the Foreign Affairs, Defense and Armed Forces Commission on the bill project, adopted by the National Assembly, related to the struggle against the proliferation of arms of massive destruction and their vectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report recalls the origins of the bill project which is the implementation of the UN Security Council resolution 1540, the aim of which was to promote the setting up of efficient tools to struggle against proliferation. The bill project aims at updating and reinforcing the existing law arsenal. The report also contains remarks made by the Commission. The bill project addresses several issues: the struggle against proliferation of arms of massive destruction (nuclear weapons, nuclear materials, biological weapons, and chemical weapons), the struggle against proliferation of vectors of arms of massive destruction, double-use goods, the use of these weapons and vectors in acts of terrorism

  6. Diseño y determinación de la temporización docente de las matemáticas en LADE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez Martínez Pedro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Los créditos ECTS (European Credit Transfer System establecidos por la Commission of the European Community, es el mecanismo regulador de las asignaturas, con objeto de garantizar un reconocimiento académico entre los países de la Unión Europea.La presencia de la Matemáticas en la titulación de LADE es debido a su papel instrumental, y su contenido es demandado por las demás asignaturas que conforman dicha titulación. Por ello, las Matemáticas es considerada como una asignatura que presta su servicio a las demás. Esta situación plantea la problemática docente de encontrar un marco común de contenidos para todos los docentes de la asignatura de Matemáticas, lo que constituye el programa, que permita una temporización viable en los futuros nuevos planes de estudio. El presente trabajo desarrolla una metodología empírica, que nos determina la temporización requerida en el proceso enseñanza/apredizaje de los contenidos del programa de Matemáticas, según la experiencia docente de los profesores. Los resultados obtenidos, mediante la aplicación del modelo de Rasch, nos proporciona una medida conjunta para los profesores, según el tiempo que le dedican a las distintas temática, y una medida para cada temática. Esta medida puede ser expresada en términos ECTS mostrando la viabilidad del contenido del programa de Matemáticas en LADE según la filosofía que rige los créditos ECTS.

  7. Typical electric bills, January 1, 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Typical Electric Bills report is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration; Department of Energy. The publication is geared to a variety of applications by electric utilities, industry, consumes, educational institutions, and government in recognition of the growing importance of energy planning in contemporary society. 19 figs., 18 tabs

  8. Kyrgyz Republic Public Expenditure Review Policy Notes : Public Wage Bill

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    Restraining the growing wage bill expenditures while enhancing the performance of the public sector remains one of the government's major development priorities. Wage bill levels in the Kyrgyz Republic are high compared to the majority of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) countries, constituting almost one third of government expenditures. Over the last few years, the government has undertaken...

  9. Challenges for the Management of Cells and Batteries After Use: Nomination of Bill on E-Waste in the City of Rio Claro - SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maíra Rubini Ruiz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present both the political and educational actions that are the major subjects of bill on management of batteries in Rio Claro city, SP, Brazil. While the political actions refer to the furthering of a bill approved recently in the local Youth Parliament  for presentation in the Board of Aldermen, the educational actions relate to the creation of an environmental education program to orient the disposal of batteries at the municipal level. The National Policy on Solid Waste (Law 12,305 passed in 2010 introduced mechanisms to accomplish the shared responsibility for the lifecycle of batteries (and other products and reverse logistics. This law classified batteries into the category of toxic waste. The study that supported the writing of the bill included an analysis of the existing public and private initiatives on batteries´ collection in Rio Claro seeking treatment in major urban centers having the reverse logistics as a premise. In recognition of the importance of the environmental education program, the local Education Secretariat, supported by Sepladema, has defined a schedule for the lectures to be given in public schools. In addition, an application claiming for reforms in the existing public ecopoints was submitted and approved in the Youth Parliament and forwarded for further approval by Sepladema.

  10. Treasury Bill Auctions; Issues and Uses

    OpenAIRE

    Carlo Cottarelli; Leonardo Bartolini

    1994-01-01

    We review the main issues that arise in the design of treasury bill auctions and survey the relevant empirical literature. We also provide a detailed description of the actual design of these auctions in a sample of 42 industrial and developing countries.

  11. The GI Bill: Model Program Gone Sour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horan, J. Michael

    Millions of World War II veterans took advantage of the legislative drive establishing the Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944, the GI Bill. A Department of Veterans Affairs report examined how Vietnam veterans fared in higher education. Based on college participation rates (actually, training starts), not completion rates, Vietnam veterans…

  12. Acid rain: What the final bill looks like

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article examines the possible financial impacts of the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act. Topics include an overview of the bill, impact on utility companies, and implications for utility investors. The author feels the bill has important implications for investors who own utility stocks, particularly the stocks of coal-burning utilities in the Midwest and Appalachia

  13. Assessment of metal concentrations in sediment samples from Billings Reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao de metais em amostras de sedimento do Reservatorio Billings, Braco Rio Grande, Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bostelmann, Eleine

    2006-07-01

    The present study chemically characterized sediment samples from the Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, in the Metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, by determining metal concentration and other elements of interest. The chosen chemical parameters for this characterization were Aluminum, Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Copper, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Selenium and Zinco. These parameters are also used in the water quality index, with the exception of Selenium. The concentrations were determined through different analytical techniques such as atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS, GFAAS and CVAAS), optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) and neutron activation analysis. These analytical methodologies were assessed for precision, accuracy and detection and/or quantification limits for the sediment elements in question. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique for each element and its concentration were also discussed. From these assessments the most adequate technique was selected for the routine analysis of sediment samples for each element concentration determination. This assessment verified also that digestion in a closed microwave system with nitric acid is efficient for the evaluation of extracted metals of environmental interest. The analytical techniques chosen were equally efficient for metals determination. In the case of Cd and Pb, the FAAS technique was selected due to better results than ICP OES, as it does not present matrix interference. The concentration values obtained for metals As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) TEL and PEL values. (author)

  14. 18 CFR 381.107 - Direct billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Direct billing. 381.107 Section 381.107 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT... the fee to the applicant to less than full cost recovery due to the presence of intervenors,...

  15. 38 CFR 17.1008 - Balance billing prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Balance billing prohibited. 17.1008 Section 17.1008 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS... Facilities § 17.1008 Balance billing prohibited. Payment by VA under 38 U.S.C. 1725 on behalf of a veteran...

  16. Limits on same-day billing in Medicaid hinders integration of behavioral health into the medical home model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roby, Dylan H; Jones, Erynne E

    2016-02-01

    The potential expansion of insurance coverage through the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 can facilitate the reduction of access barriers and improved quality for behavioral health care. More than 5 million of the newly insured are expected to have mental health and substance use disorders. In addition, state and federal efforts to integrate behavioral and medical health needs through patient-centered medical home models and innovations in payment strategies provide an unprecedented opportunity to use federal financial support to improve not only access to care, but also improve quality through active care coordination, use of interdisciplinary teams, colocating services, and engaging in warm hand-offs between providers in the same setting. These potential advances are hindered in 24 different states because of Medicaid payment policy, with 7 explicitly limiting the ability to reimburse for physical health and behavioral health services on the same day for all providers. Without the ability for providers to be reimbursed for different services on the same day to improve behavioral and medical health care coordination, these states could be limited in their ability to improve care via patient-centered approaches and interdisciplinary team-based care that would involve physicians, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals. Limits on same-day billing in Medicaid programs could impact up to 36.7 million people in 24 states, which is approximately 52.6% of all Medicaid enrollees. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26845494

  17. Is Bill Gates Getting Too Powerful?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑娟娟

    2004-01-01

    Plenty of technology genius lie awake nights anxiously wondering what Bill Gates is up to and how to grow up to be just like him. Microsoft, the company he heads, already owns the operating systems that run most of the world's personal computers. But good comput-

  18. Corticosterone in thin-billed prion Pachyptila belcheri chicks: diel rhythm, timing of fledging and nutritional stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quillfeldt, Petra; Poisbleau, Maud; Chastel, Olivier; Masello, Juan F.

    2007-11-01

    Glucocorticosteroids (GCs) of the hypothalam-pituitary-adrenal axis play a role in association with both stressful events and daily life processes. However, relatively little is known about the role of GCs in relation to daily and seasonal life processes in animals in the wild. In this paper, we present data on basal levels of plasma corticosterone CORT in chicks of a pelagic seabird, the thin-billed prion, Pachyptila belcheri, during two predictable changes in demands, the daily activity pattern and the preparation for fledging. By comparing chicks fed recently with unfed chicks, we test how GC levels are modified according to nutritional condition. In accordance with their nocturnal feeding rhythm, chicks had a clear daily rhythm with increased CORT secretion at night, but CORT levels during the active phase were also highly elevated in unfed chicks compared with fed chicks. Close to fledging, chicks rapidly increased basal CORT levels, and again unfed chicks had higher levels than fed chicks, although the age effect here was stronger than the effect of recent feeding. The present data thus support the hypothesis that GC levels are adjusted to life stages with predictable changes in demands, but food availability and/or internal energy stores also affect the level to which GCs increase.

  19. 78 FR 34250 - Post-9/11 GI Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    ... June 5, 2009 (74 FR 30212-30220) with a request for comments. The following two comments were received... Bill. (b) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) (USD(C))/Chief Financial Officer (CFO) (USD(C... Bill consistent with this part and other guidance issued by the DASD(MPP) and the USD(C)/CFO...

  20. 46 CFR 122.515 - Passenger safety bill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... accommodations for more than 49 passengers. (b) Each passenger safety bill required by this section must list: (1... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Passenger safety bill. 122.515 Section 122.515 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN...

  1. 17 CFR 256.01-10 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Billing procedures. 256.01-10 Section 256.01-10 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-10 Billing procedures. All invoices for...

  2. 42 CFR 408.86 - Responsibilities under group billing arrangement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities under group billing arrangement. 408.86 Section 408.86 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Payment § 408.86 Responsibilities under group billing arrangement. (a) Enrollee responsibilities. (1)...

  3. Cable-Porn and Dial-A-Porn Control Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Law of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on S. 1090. A Bill to Amend Section 1464 of Title 18, United States Code, Relating to Broadcasting Obscene Language, and for Other Purposes (July 31, 1985).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

    A Senate hearing on the cable porn and dial-a-porn control bill is presented in this document. Opening statements by Senators Jeremiah Denton, Arlen Specter, and Jesse Helms discuss the need for this bill and its content. The text of the bill itself is included. Jack D. Smith, General Counsel of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)…

  4. Environmental impacts of the control with organophosphate pesticides and explosions of the red-billed quelea bird Quelea quelea in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Cheke, R.A.; E. van der Walt; Mbereki, C.; Mtobesya, B.N.; Magoma, R.N.; Farman, D.I.; Adranyi, E.; McWilliam, A

    2011-01-01

    Both spraying with pesticides and using explosions to kill red-billed quelea (Quelea quelea) may affect non-target organisms and leave hazardous contaminants in the environment. Results of monitoring such effects in Botswana and Tanzania showed that although few non-target mortalities were noted, indirect effects in terms of depressed cholinesterases in birds and small mammals were marked and pesticides and contaminants from products used for the explosions persisted at controlled sites at un...

  5. Trickle-down theory. Anthem's expensive acquisition of Trigon Healthcare raises question of whether local providers may end up with the bill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benko, Laura B

    2002-08-12

    Anthem's acquisition of Trigon Healthcare, its largest deal to date at $4 billion in cash and stock, gives the insurer a sturdy foothold in the Southeast while rewarding Trigon's shareholders with a profit. Anthem CEO Larry Glasscock (right) and Trigon CEO Thomas Snead expect a smooth transition. Anthem has taken a pricey step toward becoming the No. 1 Blues plan consolidator. But will local providers end up footing much of the bill? PMID:12224117

  6. Presentation of the policy bill of program on the radioactive materials and wastes management by Francois Loos, Ministry delegate to the Industry, National Assembly

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides the text of the presentation of Francois Loos. The bill institutes a national radioactive materials and waste management plan and defines a programme and calendar for research and work leading to implementation of this plan, which will comprise three major points: with a view to looking to reduce the quantity of waste, spent nuclear fuels taken from the nuclear power plants will be reprocessed for recycling in the plants; waste which cannot be recycled will be packaged in a robust matrix and then temporarily stored on the surface; after interim storage, waste which cannot be finally disposed of in a surface facility, will be placed in a deep geological reversible repository. In order to monitor each step in this plan, the bill strengthens independent assessment of research and involves greater information of the public. With regard to financing, the bill clarifies the fact that economic development of the departments concerned by research into disposal options and the research itself will be financed by additional taxes on the operators of nuclear installations. (A.L.B.)

  7. 19 CFR 149.3 - Data elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... at the six-digit HTSUS number at the lowest bill of lading level (i.e., at the house bill of lading... the 10-digit level or greater by the importer of record or its licensed customs broker. (9) Container... container. For break bulk shipments, as defined in § 149.1 of this part, the name and address(es) of...

  8. Realizing Federal Policy Outcomes of the Post-9/11 GI Bill: Veterans' and Active Duty/Reservist Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leporte, Lydia

    2013-01-01

    The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (Public Law 78-346), generally referred to as the GI Bill, provided any veteran, who had served for at least 90 days from the time period of September 1940 to July 1947, paid full-time education. The original Act also called for the creation of a central agency dedicated to the administration of all…

  9. Essen Superior Court. Judgement of September 24, 1982. ('Boycott of electricity bills')

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Essen Superiour Court decided by judgement published on September 24, 1982 that an electricity supply company is not, by the supply contract, obliged to his customers to do without electric energy generated from nuclear energy. Even though the basic rights of the constitution may influence the contractual relations between the electricity supply compagny and the customers, the basic rights of freedom of conscience and the right of free speech do not entitle the customer to interfere with the lawful performance of the freedom of entrepreneurial activity of the electricity supply company. (WB)

  10. Conhecimento, aceitabilidade e uso do método billings de planejamento familiar natural El conocimiento, la aceptación y el uso del método Billings de planificación familiar natural Knowledge, acceptability and use of the Billings natural family planning method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Shozo Uchimura

    2011-09-01

    étodo Billings es adecuada, pero con poca utilidad en la práctica por falta de información por parte de profesionales de salud de la efectividad y aplicabilidad.This is an observational, quantitative and analytical study aimed at verifying the knowledge, acceptability and use of natural family planning (NFP by patients in a university hospital from July to November, 2008. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed with the softwares Excel and Statistica 8.0. Of the 113 women interviewed, 70 (62% accepted the method and 1 (0.9% used it routinely. Acceptance was higher among those who wished to become pregnant in the future compared to those who did not wish it. Acceptability was statistically significant (p = 0.0147 among the 28 (80% non-contraceptive users compared to 42 (53.8% who used some contraceptive method. Factors such as age, education, number of living children and religion were not statiscally associated with the acceptability of NFP. The Billings ovulation method has an adequate acceptability, but has a low actual use because of the lack of information by health professionals of its real effectiveness and applicability.

  11. 31 CFR 547.308 - Property; property interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... financial instruments, bankers' acceptances, mortgages, pledges, liens or other rights in the nature of security, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts, bills of sale, any other evidences of...

  12. 48 CFR 47.104-2 - Fixed-price contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contractor shall use a commercial bill of lading and be reimbursed for the direct and actual transportation cost as a separate item in the invoice. The clause at 52.247-1, Commercial Bill of Lading Notations, will ensure that the Government in this type of arrangement obtains the benefit of 49 U.S.C. 10721...

  13. Bill asserting the national commitment for the environment (declared urgency), text from the commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is the text of the bill as prepared by the Commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning. (J.S.)

  14. Report on the obligation to make a greenhouse gas emission assessment as foreseen in article 26 of the 'National Commitment for Environment' project bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having recalled the measures defined in articles 23 and 26 of the 'National Commitment for the Environment' project bill after it has been voted by the French Senate, this report explains why companies, public institutions and local communities are asked to assess their greenhouse gas emissions. The aim is to mobilise the main French actors on the emission reduction objectives, to decentralize the measures adopted in the 'Grenelle 1' bill, to define specific objectives for companies, public institutions and local communities. In its second part, the report proposes an overview of the current situation in terms of emission assessment (main international systems of reference, methods and tools, scopes). Recommendations are formulated to perform such an assessment

  15. 78 FR 19291 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Billings and Pompeys Pillar National Monument Resource...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... Notice of Intent in the Federal Register on May 15, 2008 (73 FR 28150), a legal document notifying the... CFR 1610.7-2(b) and BLM Manual 1613.32 regarding ACECs, this Notice of Availability announces a... range/forestry studies only, no collection of special status species plants without a permit,...

  16. An annual bill of 2.1 billions of French Francs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The petrols service of the French armies (SEA = Service des essences des Armees) purchases the petroleum products necessary for the armies according to rigorous procedures. These products are resold to the armies at cost price under the supervision of the Ministry of Finances. (J.S.)

  17. Phytoremediation of Indoor Air: NASA, Bill Wolverton, and the Development of an Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stutte, Gary W.

    2012-01-01

    It was during this period of the early 1970's and 1980's when the issues associated with Sick Building Syndrome were gaining attention that the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) became an unlikely leader in identifying biological solutions to the problem of poor indoor air quality. NASA had been supporting work using biological systems for atmospheric regeneration since the 1950's, with the emphasis on using photosynthetic systems for the removal of carbon dioxide and regeneration of oxygen as part of a life support system. The then Soviet Union was conducting tests using algae systems in the BIO-1 program (1964-1968) to regenerate the air at the Siberian Branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in Krasnoyarsk (Later renamed the Institute of Biophysics). These tests were expanded to include the use of higher plants in the BIOS-2 testing in the 1970's, and humans during BIO-3 in the 1980'SI3. Within NASA, large scale testing of bioregenerative life support systems was conducted in the Biomass Production Chamber (BPC) at Kennedy Space Center, Florida as part of the Controlled Ecological Life Support Systems (CELSS) Breadboard project.

  18. The Fairness of Solidarity Bills under the Solidarity Value of Nowak and Radzik

    OpenAIRE

    Lawrence Diffo Lambo; Pierre Wambo

    2015-01-01

    The solidarity value is a variant of the well-known Shapley value in which some sense of solidarity between the players is implemented allowing the disabled to receive help from the fortunate ones. We investigate on how fairly solidarity expenses are shared. We discuss the unwanted side effect of someone paying undue solidarity contributions as far as reversing his condition from a privileged to a needy person. A deeper case study is conducted for two classes of TU games that we obtain by mod...

  19. Yellow-billed loon populations on the Colville River Delta, arctic Alaska: Supplemental project report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report covers the yellow-billed loon populations on the Colville river delta in the Arctic Alaska. The estimates sizes of the 1982 and 1984 yellow-billed look...

  20. Is the bone tissue of ring-billed gulls breeding in a pollution hotspot in the St. Lawrence River, Canada, impacted by halogenated flame retardant exposure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plourde, Stéphanie Pellerin; Moreau, Robert; Letcher, Robert J; Verreault, Jonathan

    2013-11-01

    Bone metabolism is a tightly regulated process that controls bone remodeling and repair in addition to maintaining circulating calcium and phosphate levels. It has been shown that certain organohalogen contaminants may adversely impact bone tissue metabolism and structure in wildlife species. However, exceedingly few studies have addressed the bone-related effects of organohalogen exposure in birds. The objective of the present study was to investigate the associations between markers of bone metabolism and structural integrity, and concentrations of established and current-use halogenated flame retardants (FRs) in ring-billed gulls (Larus delawarensis) nesting in a known FR hotspot area in the St. Lawrence River (Montreal, Canada). Bone metabolism was assessed using plasma calcium and inorganic phosphate levels, and alkaline phophatase activity, while bone (tarsus; trabecular and cortical sections) structure quality was examined using the percentage of bone tissue comprised in the total bone volume (Bv/Tv) and bone mineral density (BMD). Bv/Tv and BMD of the tarsus tended (not significant) to be positively associated with circulating calcium levels in male ring-billed gulls. Moreover, concentrations of FRs in male bird liver (brominated diphenyl ether (BDE)-154, -183, -201, and -209) and plasma (BDE-209) were negatively correlated with trabecular and cortical BMD of the tarsus. These correlative associations may suggest light demineralization of bone tissue associated with FR exposure in male ring-billed gulls. Present findings provide some evidence that bone (tarsus) metabolism and mineral composition may be impacted in high FR-exposed (mainly to PBDEs) ring-billed gulls breeding in the highly urbanized Montreal region. PMID:24016627

  1. Description and proposed life cycle of Maritrema novaezealandensis n. sp. (Microphallidae) parasitic in red-billed gulls, Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus, from Otago Harbor, South Island, New Zealand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martorelli, Sergio R; Fredensborg, Brian Lund; Mouritsen, Kim Nørgaard;

    2004-01-01

    Maritrema novaezealandensis n. sp. is described from Otago Harbor, South Island, New Zealand, on the basis of adult specimens collected from the Red-billed gull, Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus, and excysted metacercariae obtained from crabs. It belongs to the "eroliae group" and differs from...... metacercariae encysted in the body cavity of the crustacean host. Finally, the definitive host, the gull, L. n. scopulinus, harbors the adult worms in its intestine....

  2. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: pushing the boundaries of what is possible in public health - perspectives and challenges to the global community

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: In July 2008, Bill Gates will transition out of a day-to-day role at Microsoft, to spend more time on his philanthropic work with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. As the world’s largest philanthropic organization, the Gates Foundation has set ambitious goals to tackle some of the world’s worst diseases. In this talk, Julie Jacobson will outline some of the objectives of the Gates Foundation and how it is impacting public health and challenging the global community. Speaker Bio: As Senior Programme Officer at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Julie Jacobson currently supports grants working toward the control of neglected tropical diseases and works with the development and implementation of new vaccines in the infectious disease group of Global Health. Previously Dr. Jacobson was Scientific Director of Immunization Solutions and Director of Japanese encephalitis (JE) project at PATH, an international non-profit organization. As director of the JE project, she managed a US$35 ...

  3. Arquitectura de un Billete Electrónico Anónimo: Medios Electrónicos de Pagos Architecture of an Anonymous Electronic Bill: Electronic Payments Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.E. García

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se propone la estructura de una secuencia organizada de bits que representa un billete electrónico. Los procedimientos considerados en el trabajo fueron: la comparación y análisis de los sistemas de pago electrónico actuales (First Virtual, Cybercash, Cybercoin, Millicent, eCash, Mondex y Tarjetas Inteligentes, y el análisis de las propiedades de un billete bancario en México. El billete electrónico generado se construye con Funciones Hash, Firmas Digitales y Códigos MAC, y se demuestra que posee buenos atributos de anonimato, integridad y autenticidad, condiciones necesarias en un sistema de pago electrónico.In this paper the structure of an organized sequence of bits that represents an electronic bill is proposed. Two procedures were considered in this work: the comparison and analysis of the current systems of electronic payment (First Virtual, Cybercash, Cybercoin, Millicent, eCash, Mondex and Smart Cards, and the analysis of the properties of a bank bill in Mexico. The generated electronic bill is built with Hash Functions, Digital Signatures and MAC Codes, and it is demonstrated that it has good attributes of anonymity, integrity and authenticity, necessary conditions of an electronic payment system.

  4. Finding of demurrage,damage of detention and damage of delay in issuing bill of lading under English laws: A case study on Hong Kong arbitration award%滞期费、滞期损失与提单签发延误损失在英国法下的认定——香港仲裁案例评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    初北平; 史强

    2011-01-01

    在航次租船合同中,船舶延误损失的认定(包括滞期损失与滞期费)与提单签发问题是常见的争议.本案作为一起比较典型的航次租船合同纠纷,独任仲裁员对于上述两个问题的裁决思路值得在航运实践中加以借鉴.同时,仲裁员的裁决对本案中一系列合同的达成与修改及错误扣船的争议加以认定,这些对于实践中处理合约纠纷也起到了重要的参考作用.

  5. Half a world apart? Overlap in nonbreeding distributions of Atlantic and Indian Ocean thin-billed prions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Quillfeldt

    Full Text Available Distant populations of animals may share their non-breeding grounds or migrate to distinct areas, and this may have important consequences for population differentiation and dynamics. Small burrow-nesting seabirds provide a suitable case study, as they are often restricted to safe breeding sites on islands, resulting in a patchy breeding distribution. For example, Thin-billed prions Pachyptila belcheri have two major breeding colonies more than 8,000 km apart, on the Falkland Islands in the south-western Atlantic and in the Kerguelen Archipelago in the Indian Ocean. We used geolocators and stable isotopes to compare at-sea movements and trophic levels of these two populations during their non-breeding season, and applied ecological niche models to compare environmental conditions in the habitat. Over three winters, birds breeding in the Atlantic showed a high consistency in their migration routes. Most individuals migrated more than 3000 km eastwards, while very few remained over the Patagonian Shelf. In contrast, all Indian Ocean birds migrated westwards, resulting in an overlapping nonbreeding area in the eastern Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Geolocators and isotopic signature of feathers indicated that prions from the Falklands moulted at slightly higher latitudes than those from Kerguelen Islands. All birds fed on low trophic level prey, most probably crustaceans. The phenology differed notably between the two populations. Falkland birds returned to the Patagonian Shelf after 2-3 months, while Kerguelen birds remained in the nonbreeding area for seven months, before returning to nesting grounds highly synchronously and at high speed. Habitat models identified sea surface temperature and chlorophyll a concentration as important environmental parameters. In summary, we show that even though the two very distant populations migrate to roughly the same area to moult, they have distinct wintering strategies: They had significantly

  6. 76 FR 58202 - TRICARE; TRICARE Sanction Authority for Third-Party Billing Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... Billing Agents AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Department of Defense. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The... authority to sanction third-party billing agents by invoking the administrative remedy of exclusion or... on the part of third-party billing agents that prepare or submit claims presented to TRICARE...

  7. Cointegration and Market Efficiency: An Application to the Canadian Treasury Bill Market.

    OpenAIRE

    Park, S. B.

    1997-01-01

    In this study we examine if the spot and forward interest rates of the Canadian Treasury bill market are cointegrated and test the bill market efficiency. The data used are monthly average yields of three- and six-month Treasury bills from July 1962 to February 1996. Both spot and forward rates are found to be I(0) and cointegrated in the Engle-Granger (1987) sense. Tests based on Hansen=s (1982) GMM method support the bill market efficiency hypothesis.

  8. H.R. 5031: a bill to suspend the site selection process under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, June 12, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill suspends the site selection process under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, and calls for deliberations to develop new guidelines that will maximize public health and safety. The bases for revised guidelines shall include all relevant hydrological, oceanographic, and geologic considerations. The impetus for the bill was the Energy Secretary's postponement of the selection of a second site and the recent Soviet accident at Chernobyl

  9. Bill concerning the establishment of a Federal Office for Radiation Protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In view of the increasing significance of all aspects of the peaceful use of nuclear energy it is necessary to improve the basis of assignment and fulfilment of tasks and responsibilities, and to reorganise political and technical competences in the nuclear energy field into a more effective and more clearly defined system of powers and responsibilities. For this purpose it is recommended that a Federal Office for Radiation Protection be established under the scope of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Reactor Safety. The new federal authority shall be given the competence to supervise and organise activities in the field of radiation protection, nuclear safety and radioactive waste management, in particular establishment and operation of radioactive waste repositories, and thus shall concentrate in one autority federal powers hitherto vested in different agencies and authorities. The establishment of the Federal Office will require that some provisions of the atomic energy law be amended. (orig./HP)

  10. Footing the bill: the introduction of Medicare Benefits Schedule rebates for podiatry services in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Short Anthony J

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The introduction of Medicare Benefits Schedule items for allied health professionals in 2004 was a pivotal event in the public funding of non-medical primary care services. This commentary seeks to provide supplementary discussion of the article by Menz (Utilisation of podiatry services in Australia under the Medicare Enhanced Primary Care program, 2004-2008 Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2009, 2:30), by placing these findings within the context of the podiatry profession, clinic...

  11. From the Dutch East India Company to the corporate bill of rights: corporations and international law

    OpenAIRE

    Baars, G.

    2015-01-01

    The corporation - and especially its more complex, globally networked version, the multinational enterprise - is increasingly a target of intense debate. Critics report on ‘corporate complicity’ in conflict situations, environmental disasters and degradation in the oil, gas and mining sectors, the privatisation of war through the use of mercenary-like contractors, the monopolisation of intellectual property rights over essential medicines, the buying up of vast swathes of agricultural land in...

  12. 77 FR 48461 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Farm Bill of 2008 Retailer Sanctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... V and related Notice (48 FR 29115), this Program is excluded from the scope of Executive Order 12372... in stewardship of program administration. Summary of Federal Costs and Benefits Per Year Number of.... ] Accounting Statement Discount rate Primary estimate Year dollar (percent) Period covered Benefits...

  13. The Anonymous Member of the Interhamwe: Bill Clinton's Complicity in the Rwandan Genocide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Model, David

    2009-01-01

    Ranked as one of the great human rights tragedies since World War II, the Rwandan genocide, which left 800,000 dead in its wake, is commonly understood in the context of a tribal internecine conflict between the Hutus and Tutsis. The event that triggered the genocide is imputed to the shooting down of a plane carrying the President of Rwanda and…

  14. Development of Water Supply and Billing Systems for Effective Utility Distribution

    OpenAIRE

    Philipa O. Idogho; Yahaya Olotu

    2015-01-01

    Safe drinking water is a strong constraint to the attainment of Millennium Development Goals by 2020. The water supply coverage of 38.3% of the total population corresponds to 45 litres per person and an average supply period of 3.5 hours daily. This further explains the degree of water-stress in Ikare. Annual non-revenue of 18.3% represented $6.2 million USD which was lost to physical water loss, thus leading to gradual increase in operation ratio value of 1.05. Chlorinatio...

  15. Concentrations and composition profiles of parabens in currency bills and paper products including sanitary wipes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Chunyang; Kannan, Kurunthachalam

    2014-03-15

    Parabens (alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid) are widely used as antimicrobial preservatives in personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and foodstuffs. Although parabens have been reported to be used as antimicrobials in certain types of papers (e.g., wet sanitary or hygiene wipes), little is known about the occurrence of these compounds in paper products. In this study, we determined the concentrations of six paraben analogs, methyl (MeP), ethyl (EtP), propyl (PrP), butyl (BuP), benzyl (BzP), and heptyl parabens (HepP), in 253 paper products divided into 18 categories, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). At least one of the six parabens was detected in almost all (detection rate: 98%) paper samples, and the total concentrations (∑PBs; sum of six parabens) ranged from 1.85 to 3,220,000 ng/g (geometric mean (GM): 103; median: 55.1 ng/g). Sanitary wipes contained very high concentrations of ∑PBs (GM: 8300 ng/g). Paper currencies, tickets, business cards, food cartons, flyers, and newspapers contained notable concentrations of ∑PBs, and the GM concentrations in these paper categories were on the order of a few tens to thousands of nanograms per gram. One source of parabens in paper products is the use of these chemicals as antifungal agents. MeP and PrP were the predominant analogs, accounting for approximately 62% and 16% of the total concentrations of parabens, respectively. On the basis of measured concentrations and frequency of handling of paper products, we estimated the daily intake (EDI) of parabens through dermal absorption. The GM and 95th percentile EDI values were 6.31 and 2050 ng/day, respectively, for the general population. Among the paper categories analyzed, sanitary wipes contributed to the majority (>90%) of the exposures. PMID:24419282

  16. Footing the bill: the introduction of Medicare Benefits Schedule rebates for podiatry services in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Short Anthony J

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The introduction of Medicare Benefits Schedule items for allied health professionals in 2004 was a pivotal event in the public funding of non-medical primary care services. This commentary seeks to provide supplementary discussion of the article by Menz (Utilisation of podiatry services in Australia under the Medicare Enhanced Primary Care program, 2004-2008 Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2009, 2:30, by placing these findings within the context of the podiatry profession, clinical decision making and the broader health workforce and government policy.

  17. Verify by Genability - Providing Solar Customers with Accurate Reports of Utility Bill Cost Savings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-12-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), partnering with Genability and supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's SunShot Incubator program, independently verified the accuracy of Genability's monthly cost savings.

  18. A Developers Bill of Rights: What Open Source Developers Want in a Software License

    OpenAIRE

    MacCormack, Alan

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we study open source developers' perspectives on the nature and structure of software licenses as well as the processes through which these licenses are designed. Recent history has shown that software licensing approaches are critical to the dynamics of the software industry and the open source ecosystem, and thus of interest to the many policy makers and practitioners that follow this part of the global economy. The study is timely, since it informs the debate on the revision...

  19. Digital Campaigning: Using the Bill of Rights to Advance a Political Position

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swan, Kathy; Hofer, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Educating students to understand overt, subtle, and erroneous claims made by partisan advertisers is no small feat. Often students are passive consumers who need to learn how to become critical listeners, viewers, readers, and producers of all types of media. Because of this, media literacy--the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and produce…

  20. Validating the use of Medicare Australia billing data to examine trends in skin cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Eshini Perera; Neiraja Gnaneswaran; Marlon Perera; Rodney Sinclair

    2015-01-01

    Background:  Epidemiological data surrounding non-melanomatous skin cancer (NMSC) is highly variable, in part due to the lack of government cancer registries. Several studies employ the use of Medical Australia (MA) rebate data in assessing such trends, the validity of which has not been studied in the past. Conversely, melanoma skin cancer is a notifiable disease, and thus, MA and cancer registry data is readily available. The aim of the current study is to assess the use of MA for epidemiol...

  1. Economic Analysis of Billing and VAT applications in Togo National Port

    OpenAIRE

    Dolike, Koboyo

    2014-01-01

    Togo is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the West, Benin to the East and Burkina Faso to the North. It is extended at the south of the Gulf of Guinea, where its capital Lomé is located. Togo covers an area of approximately 57.000 square kilometers (22,000 sq mi) with a population of approximately 6.7 million. It serves as a regional commercial and trade center. International trade is essential to develop a country. Given the globalization of the world s economy, no country c...

  2. Bill for a new organization of the electricity market. Final Text

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This text contains the new arrangements introduced to organize the concurrence and the competitiveness in the distribution of the electricity produced in France notably that produced by EDF in the French nuclear power plants. It defines the legal framework for agreements between EDF and electricity providers, i.e. prices and quantities of electricity, purchase obligations. It also defines obligations of the providers with respect to users. It addresses the relationship between local communities and these providers, tariffs, works realized on the network. It also addresses the purchase price of hydroelectricity and of electricity produced from biomass, gas tariff

  3. Sharp increase of the electricity bill for households in Germany in 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 4 main operators of power grids in Germany have announced a sharp increase of the tax paid by the consumers to favor the development of renewable energies. Today the tax is 0.0359 euros/KWh and it will reach 0.0527 euros/KWh in 2013 (+47%). For a consumption of 4500 kWh per year the impact will be an extra charge of 90 euros a year. The global contribution to green electricity will reach 20 billion euros in 2013 which is 4 times as high as it was in 2009. For the sake of the industrial competitiveness, the most power-greedy enterprises are exempted to pay it. (A.C.)

  4. Adding Pollution to the Bill: The Environmental Costs of Power Generation in North Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Van Song; Nguyen Van Hanh

    2001-01-01

    Like many developing countries in Southeast Asia, Vietnam has experienced a significant increase in its electricity needs as it has developed. Since coal is a major source of energy in the country, this has led to a rise in coal mining and coal-powered electricity generation. This, in turn, has led to an increase in pollution and environmental destruction. This study has shown that these environmental costs represent a significant share of the overall cost of electricity generation. To deal w...

  5. Does the Median Voter Consume Too Much Water? Analyzing the Redistributive Role of Residential Water Bills

    OpenAIRE

    Timmins, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    According to allocative efficiency criteria, water in the American West is often underpriced in urban sales. The political-economic process that motivates municipal managers to impose the resulting deadweight losses on their constituencies is analyzed with a median voter model of choice between alternative municipal revenue sources. The implications of this model are tested empirically, and the results confirm the conclusions of previous empirical research by suggesting that cities with more ...

  6. Thick-billed murres from the High Arctic have the luxury of being lazy!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnebjerg, Jannie; Tremblay, Yann; Mosbech, Anders;

    cold waters where energy consumption is low. This causes potential problems for homoeothermic predators, which require constant access to nutritious prey to survive or large body lipid reserves. Diving birds are particularly vulnerable to periods of low prey availability and many species therefore...... maximum recorded dive depth of 191 m. Diving effort increased toward the end of the non-breeding period, most likely in preparation for the energy expensive spring migration conducted by flight....

  7. Unified Charging and Billing Solution. Unified - Next Generation of Charging Systems in Mobile Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donhefner, Daniel

    The mobile market evolves from commodity voice and simple messaging services to value-added data and multimedia services. This not only implies to move from pure telecom to IT/IP- environment, but to exploit their markets with innovative and differentiated offerings to keep the churn rate low and attract new customers. Communication Service Providers (CSP) must focus increasingly on meeting individual needs and higher expectations of their subscribers. They expect service packages that can be tailored to meet the specific demands of their personal situation, preferences and lifestyle. This requires a flexible customer-centric approach instead of the legacy historical grown and diversed system architecture and organizations of CSPs.

  8. New prices for a new era. Separate payment of bills at the 'Nederlandse Gasunie'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All the Dutch customers, small and large, now pay their natural gas at prices dependent on volume and on gas oil and fuel oil prices. As a result of the deregulation of the gas market, Gasunie (Dutch natural gas trading company) believes it necessary to introduce a new pricing system. As of January 1, 1999, the new system will apply to industrial bulk consumers, with separate rates for the commodity itself, for transmission and peak capacity. However, the organization of bulk consumers believes that improvements still have to be made to the new commodity and services system

  9. 25 CFR 171.525 - How do I pay my bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do I pay my bill? 171.525 Section 171.525 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and Collections § 171.525 How do I pay my bill? (a) You can...

  10. 47 CFR 36.381 - Carrier access charge billing and collecting expense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Carrier access charge billing and collecting... Operating Expenses and Taxes Customer Operations Expenses § 36.381 Carrier access charge billing and... billing and collecting of access charges to interexchange carriers. (b) Of access charges other than...

  11. A clean bill of health for CERN’s medical applications office

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Many of you will have had the opportunity to follow the seminar on medical applications given by two members of our new International Strategy Committee for medical applications on 20 November. This occasion gives me a good opportunity to take stock of what’s been achieved since we set up our office for medical applications under Steve Myers almost a year ago.   It’s already an impressive list of achievements, and one that’s poised to grow. The International Strategy Committee is perhaps the most visible part of it. Meeting for the first time last week, the Committee will help us focus and prioritise our efforts so we can extract the maximum benefit. The existence of the office itself is already a major step in this direction: today, instead of having seven separate medical initiatives at CERN, we have a single coordinated approach and each component benefits. Let’s take a look at the current state of progress. The study to develop LEIR into the OPENM...

  12. Creating New Social Identities in Children through Critical Multicultural Media: The Case of "Little Bill"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurtado, Aida; Silva, Janelle M.

    2008-01-01

    Multicultural education emerged from the political struggles of the 1960s and 1970s and advocated the inclusion of women and ethnic and racial groups in school curricula and children's media. Recently multiculturalism has evolved to include a critical perspective by focusing on stigmatized social identities such as race, class, sexuality,…

  13. 78 FR 46425 - Sale and Issue of Marketable Book-Entry Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... existing suite of securities issued and to support its broader debt management objectives.\\8\\ \\6\\ 77 FR... this new type of security.\\9\\ The closing date for comments was January 22, 2013. \\9\\ 77 FR 72278........ T8 - T7 = 92 Let ai = 100 x max(r + s,0)/360 and Ai = ai x (Ti - Ti -1 ) + 100 x 1 {i=8{time}...

  14. The Tax Base And The Tax Bill. Tax Implications of Development: A Workbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brighton, Deb; Northup, Jim

    The property tax base in Vermont's towns are overburdened as property taxes are usually the only funding method available to finance schools, police departments, highway work, recreation programs, and government in general. Attempting to offer their citizens a balanced program of services without exorbitant taxes, local officials are striving to…

  15. 76 FR 74017 - Empowering Consumers to Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-30

    ... FCC 11-106, published at 76 FR 52625, August 23, 2011. The full text of document DA 11-1860 and copies...] Empowering Consumers to Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing and Billing Format AGENCY: Federal Communications...

  16. 78 FR 52824 - Proposed Information Collection (Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-26

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form) Activity: Comment Request... evaluate the Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form used by caregivers of eligible Veterans to document time...@va.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form)'' in...

  17. 40 CFR 141.206 - Notice to new billing units or new customers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice to new billing units or new... Water Violations § 141.206 Notice to new billing units or new customers. (a) What is the requirement for... public notice to all new billing units or new customers prior to or at the time service begins. (b)...

  18. 77 FR 41955 - Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... deadline established in the FNPRM, FCC 12-42, published at 77 FR 30972, May 24, 2012. The full text of...] Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing and Billing Format AGENCY: Federal Communications...

  19. WOMEN'S RESERVATION BILL – SOME GUIDE LINES

    OpenAIRE

    KRISHNA NAMDEV

    2012-01-01

    The listing of the Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill for discussion and adoption in the current session of Parliament is a welcome step. It is also welcome that the government has reversed its earlier unjustifiable position of keeping domestic workers outside the purview of the proposed legislation, Amendments moved on August 7 now include these sections of working women in a sector which has seen the largest increase in the employment of w...

  20. Optimal Treasury Bill auctions: an experimental analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Van Reeth, Daam

    2000-01-01

    This paper analyses the Treasury's choice between a uniform-price auction and a discriminatory auction for selling Treasury Bills from an experimental point of view. Such an approach has the significant advantage that by controlling a number of relevant variables it affords an opportunity to gain more insights into the interactions of different variables. Although auctions have been studied extensively through the use of experiments, seldomly all the typical characteristics of a Treasury Bi...

  1. Report made under the behalf of the Economic Affairs Commission on the bill (N. 2831), modified by the Senate, for a new organization of the electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports the discussions of the Economic Affairs Commission of the French Parliament on the different articles of the bill addressing the new organization of the electricity market. These articles concern the access to nuclear energy, the purchase price of electricity produced from biomass and of hydroelectricity, the obligations of electricity providers, the financing of works performed on the network, the protection of users, the competencies of local communities and providers, the social regulations applied to providers, and tax aspects. A table gives a comparison between the texts adopted by the Assemblee Nationale, the Senate, and the Commission. It also gives the various amendments which have been proposed

  2. Anomalous bidding in short-term Treasury bill auctions

    OpenAIRE

    Michael J. Fleming; Garbade, Kenneth D.; Keane, Frank

    2004-01-01

    We show that Treasury bill auction procedures create classes of price-equivalent discount rates for bills with fewer than seventy-two days to maturity. We argue that it is inefficient for market participants to bid at a discount rate that is not the minimum rate in its class. The inefficiency of bidding at a rate other than the minimum is related to a quantity shortfall rather than an unexploited profit opportunity. Auction results for weekly offerings of four-week bills and occasional offeri...

  3. Books not closed on U.S. omnibus energy bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on omnibus energy legislation which went down to the wire in the closing days of the 102nd U.S. Congress. The House adjourned after approving the compromise energy bill, 363-60. The Senate planned to resume debate on the wide-ranging legislation late last week. Proponents of the bill also faced the problem of getting enough senators to return from a recess and vote to override the filibuster. Sixty senators would have to vote to limit debate on the energy bill, a vote that energy lobbyists the could be close

  4. Refusal to pay electricity bill is illegal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pursuant to a judgement passed by the Lower Court of Hamburg, the author discusses probable legal arguments justifying the refusal to pay one's electricity bill, the so-called electricity bill boycott. Following an analysis of the power supply contract and of the content and the limits of the fundamental right of freedom of conscience, as well as of the concept of free enterprise and of the legal effect of licenses under the nuclear law, his point of view stated in the article is to agree with the decision of the court saying that the operation of a nuclear power plant licensed under the nuclear law does not mean an infringement of the right of freedom of conscience. It can further not be accepted to let people refuse to pay their electricity bill by referring to the right of freedom of speech, by alleging conduct against public policy on the part of the public utilities, or by referring to the right of opposition. (HSCH)

  5. Bills to decriminalize abortion in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    The National Congress in Brazil is currently considering 9 abortion bills, 2 of which were introduced by women. In this interview, the women senators--Jandira Feghall of the Communist Party and Eva Blay of the Social Democrat Party--discuss the likely outcome of the abortion debate. Although the Roman Catholic Church has announced its intentions to oppose any liberalization of the abortion law, there are divisions within the Church as evidenced by the existence of groups such as Catholics for a Free Choice. Both senators agree that decriminalization of abortion will depend upon the societal response and an effort must be made to reach the many people who are confused and undecided about the issue. Although the present debate fits within the broader current debate on population policies, it has been the insistence of the feminist movement that put abortion reform on the agenda. Blay's bill calls for the legalization of abortion on demand until the 12th week of pregnancy and in cases of rape or risk to the woman's life after that point. A controversial aspect of Feghall's bill is the inclusion of maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection as a condition for abortion. Feghall notes that this is an option rather than a requirement, but she will eliminate this condition if it engenders discrimination against HIV-infected women. PMID:12318722

  6. Nr 254 - Opinion on the behalf of the Commission of foreign affairs in the finance bill project for 2013 (nr 235), Volume 5 - ecology, sustainable development and planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After an introduction evoking the different parts of the finance bill project, its main programs and endowments, this report sets the associated national strategy within the context of the European and world agenda with respect to the protection of the environment, to climate change, and to international negotiations (Rio protocol, Durban conference, biodiversity). It outlines three main challenges: the international conference on climate of 2015 France has proposed to organize, the creation of European community on energy, and solving the current difficulties of the carbon trading scheme

  7. Limnological evaluation of water in the Rio Grande and Taquacetuba branches of the Billings Complex (São Paulo, Brazil and management implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Pompêo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The large population contingent and the precarious urban planning in the metropolitan region of São Paulo have resulted in uncontrolled growth in areas where springs exist, generating strong pressures on the reservoirs. Concomitantly, a lack of articulation between public and private policy has led to various socio-environmental conflicts in the Billings watershed. This spring, which is responsible for the direct and indirect supply of water to millions of people, represents an enormous challenge for water resource management. In this context, this study aimed to analyze the seasonal limnological conditions of the Billings Complex, in particular the Rio Grande and Taquacetuba branches, and discuss the implications for the management procedure applied in the branches. Physical (water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, suspended material, organic and inorganic suspended material chemical (dissolved oxygen, total phosphorus and nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite, ammonium and inorganic phosphorus and biological (chlorophyll-a variables of the water were analyzed and the Trophic State Index was calculated. The results indicate a hypertrophic state in the Taquacetuba branch. The Rio Grande branch presented a mesotrophic state which is, however, artificially maintained due to copper sulfate and hydrogen peroxide treatments. The results are also discussed in light of CONAMA Resolution 357/2005. Levels of chlorophyll-a and total phosphorous in the Taquacetuba branch do not conform to the proposed class of use, class I. In this branch, monitoring must be intensified and measures adopted to reduce the level of nutrients in the main body of the Billings complex.

  8. Bill Clinton kaotas tuumakoodikaardi / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2010-01-01

    Oma mälestusteraamatus kirjutab president Bill Clintoni ametiajal staabiülemate ühendkomiteed juhtinud kindral Hugh Shelton, et ühel hetkel olid president Bill Clintonil tuumakohvri kasutamiseks vajalikud koodid mitu kuud kadunud

  9. Renesting by Long-billed Curlews in northeastern Nevada

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — We report evidence of renesting by breeding Long-billed Curlews Numenius americanus, in northeastern Nevada, USA. On two occasions, marked adults were observed...

  10. Even 'Good' Insurance Comes with Hidden Hospital Bills

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159575.html Even 'Good' Insurance Comes With Hidden Hospital Bills Average out-of- ... June 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Quality private health insurance is no protection against large out-of-pocket ...

  11. 47 CFR 76.985 - Subscriber bill itemization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) The amount of the total bill assessed as a franchise fee and the identity of the franchising authority... imposed on the cable operator by the franchise agreement to support public, educational, or...

  12. Report on the behalf of the finance, general economy and budget control commission on the finance bill for 2012: Appendix 14: ecology, sustainable development and planning. Energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author first addresses aspect of the finance bill concerning past decisions and the past energy production context and policy: the after-mining management, measure in favour of Lorraine, an electricity cost which misses out the plant dismantling financing. Then, he addresses the policy in favour of renewable energies: renewal of hydroelectric concessions, tax support for energy sobriety. He comments the on-going audit of AREVA and EDF, and notably addresses the EPR construction issue (in Finland) and the purchase of UraMin by AREVA

  13. Host selection and species preference of the Red-Billed Oxpecker Buphagus Erythrorhynchus in the Kruger National Park

    OpenAIRE

    1980-01-01

    The host selection and species preference of the Red- billed Oxpecker was investigated during January and February 1979, in the southern portion of the Kruger National Park, Republic of South Africa. A total of 19 species of larger mammals were looked at and of these 11 were utilised as hosts. Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis, were found to be the most import- ant host and ranked well above the others as a preferred species. Published data on oxpeckers were reviewed with the view to possible t...

  14. The Effect of The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation on the Global Health Field : An innovating Foundation in a Fragmented World

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to take a broad look at the effects of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Global Health Program’s science, technology and innovation funding and policies on the ever changing scene of global health. Using sectoral systems of innovation and innovation in non-profit organizations as frameworks the foundations ability to absorb information and put it to use for the purpose of innovation was investigated. Due to its integral role in any situation where tasks ...

  15. A Bill that Took Longer than a Bachelor's Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Kelly

    2008-01-01

    It took five years, dozens of drafts, and a total of 14 extensions, but Congress last week was finally on the verge of passing a bill to renew the Higher Education Act, the major law governing federal student aid. The bill, after approval by the U.S. House of Representatives, was headed to the Senate, where a final vote was planned for late last…

  16. Bill project aiming at abrogating exclusive search permits for unconventional hydrocarbon searches, and at prohibiting their exploration and exploitation of the national territory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having briefly recalled the origin of shale gases, their extraction process and the evolution of their production in the USA, the authors outline the extremely negative environmental impacts of the fracking technique (hydraulic fracturing): water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, existence of numerous drilling sites which would degrade landscapes, water and soil contamination risks. As some search permits have already been awarded, and while taking these negative consequences into account, the authors propose a bill project to prohibit these explorations, to abrogate the existing permits, and to ensure public information before bestowing such search permits and exploitation concessions

  17. 48 CFR 42.704 - Billing rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing rates. 42.704... CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES Indirect Cost Rates 42.704 Billing rates. (a) The contracting... final indirect cost rates also shall be responsible for determining the billing rates. (b)...

  18. 48 CFR 942.704 - Billing rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... auditor responsible for establishing billing rates, in accordance with 48 CFR 42.704, has not established... by 48 CFR 42.704, such rates shall be adopted by the contracting officer and all billings and... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing rates....

  19. 41 CFR 101-26.607 - Billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Billings. 101-26.607...-Procurement Sources Other Than GSA § 101-26.607 Billings. Unless other arrangements have been made between the Defense Logistics Agency and the requisitioning activity, billings for sales will be rendered at...

  20. Conception, implementation and effect of the consumption-dependent billing of heating and hot-water costs; Konzept, Vollzug und Wirkung der verbrauchsabhaengigen Heiz- und Warmwasserkostenabrechnung (VHKA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rieder, S.; Schwenkel, Ch.

    2008-07-01

    This comprehensive report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the experience gained from the operation of the consumption-dependent billing of heating and hot-water costs (Verbrauchsabhaengigen Heiz- und Warmwasserkostenabrechnung, VHKA), a system introduced in Switzerland as one of the first energy-policy measures in the nineteen-eighties. The study examines the strategic possibilities of the VHKA within the framework of future efficiency strategies. Also, as an operative goal, the study takes a look at the acceptance of the VHKA and its effectiveness. In this way, an indication on how the instrument can be optimised can be obtained. The report consists of five chapters that look at the concept and implementation of the VHKA, its effect on the lessees of apartments and real estate owners and, finally, presents a cost-benefit analysis of the VHKA. The methods used in the study include the analysis of documents, personal and telephone interviews and the evaluation of billing data and other data collected.

  1. Reactive Energy Billing in Operator Tariffs in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Bućko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the current method of reactive energy billing in the tariffs of distribution grid operators in Poland. The current solutions are subject to critical assessment. Issues related to the motivation effect of the current solutions on consumers are analysed. Problems that occur in relation with connecting distributed generators to the distribution grid and challenges related to prosumer billing are indicated.

  2. RFID based Bill Generation and Payment through Mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Swati R.Zope; Maruti Limkar

    2012-01-01

    Emerging electronic commerce becomes popular together with theconsiderable increase of mobile device. Since mobile paymentswill become one of the most important mobile services. Here weare generating a bill in Super market and billing it through mobile.The most important consideration is the security of the mobiledevices and the applications along with the complexity ofpayment process. We describe how Smart Market works anddiscuss related issues in detail and secure remote paymentarchitecture...

  3. Climate, ecological release and bill dimorphism in an island songbird

    OpenAIRE

    Greenberg, Russell; Danner, Raymond M.

    2013-01-01

    Sexual size dimorphism is expected to be more pronounced in vertebrates on islands, particularly in trophic characters, as a response to decreased interspecific competition for food. We found (based on measurements of 1423 museum specimens) that bill size dimorphism was greater in island than mainland populations of song sparrows. However, dimorphism varied among islands and was positively correlated with high summer temperature and island size. Island song sparrow bills follow the overall po...

  4. THE NIGERIA DATA PROTECTION BILL: APPRAISAL, ISSUES, AND CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abubakar Sanni Aliyu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria has absolutely no privacy and personal information laws. This lacuna is even more material in an internet world where information published on the web is open to a global audience. It is in this regard that the Data Protection Bill was sponsored by Hon. Yakubu Dogara, member of the Federal House of Representatives, representing Bogoro/Dass/Tafawa Balewa Bauchi State, Nigeria. This paper has two key aims, firstly to find out the major issues address by the proposed Data Protection Bill 2010, secondly, to determine the significance and the challenges of the Bill to Nigeria environment. The study utilized secondary source of data from the Data Protection Bill, 2010 and other documentary sources for analysis. The study finds out that the Bill protect parties in regard to publication of market survey details and information, ensure that unauthorised processing of personal information is reduce, and use of personal data and information without the prior consent of the data is subjected to scrutiny. The paper recommends that the Federal Government of Nigeria and the policy makers should hasten the process of passing the Bill into law in order to strengthen the activities of ecommerce in Nigeria through the following benefits: Improved customer relations; Improved ability to market lawfully; Improved data quality; Improved data security among others.

  5. Use and knowledge of the razor-billed curassow pauxi tuberosa (spix, 1825 (galliformes, cracidae by a riverine community of the oriental amazonia, brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pereira Henrique M

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In the Amazonian basin, the human populations that traditionally inhabit the forest use its natural resources in various ways. One example is the local fauna which, among several other uses, is an important source of protein. The general aim of our study was to investigate the importance of hunting to the lives of the Amazonian riverine communities and to identify the multiple uses and knowledge about the hunted animals. In this article we focused the study on the razor-billed curassow Pauxi tuberosa, a Cracidae of significant value to the studied community. The investigation was conducted in the "Riozinho do Anfrísio Extractive Reserve", a Brazilian Conservation Unit located at the Altamira municipality, in the state of Pará. We used an ethnoecological approach, which included participant observation and semi-structured interviews. Our results show that the razor-billed curassow is used by the "Riozinho do Anfrísio" local population mainly as food, but it also fulfils secondary functions, with the feathers being used as a domestic tool and as magic-religious symbol, some organs as traditional medicine, and some chicks even being raised as pets. Our study also revealed that the traditional ecological knowledge of the riverines about their environment is considerably large, and that the local biodiversity provides various ecosystem services.

  6. Use and knowledge of the razor-billed curassow pauxi tuberosa (spix, 1825) (galliformes, cracidae) by a riverine community of the oriental amazonia, brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Flávio B; Pereira, Henrique M; Vicente, Luís

    2011-01-01

    In the Amazonian basin, the human populations that traditionally inhabit the forest use its natural resources in various ways. One example is the local fauna which, among several other uses, is an important source of protein. The general aim of our study was to investigate the importance of hunting to the lives of the Amazonian riverine communities and to identify the multiple uses and knowledge about the hunted animals. In this article we focused the study on the razor-billed curassow Pauxi tuberosa, a Cracidae of significant value to the studied community. The investigation was conducted in the "Riozinho do Anfrísio Extractive Reserve", a Brazilian Conservation Unit located at the Altamira municipality, in the state of Pará. We used an ethnoecological approach, which included participant observation and semi-structured interviews. Our results show that the razor-billed curassow is used by the "Riozinho do Anfrísio" local population mainly as food, but it also fulfils secondary functions, with the feathers being used as a domestic tool and as magic-religious symbol, some organs as traditional medicine, and some chicks even being raised as pets. Our study also revealed that the traditional ecological knowledge of the riverines about their environment is considerably large, and that the local biodiversity provides various ecosystem services. PMID:21194497

  7. La experiencia de Uruguay: el Proyecto de Ley de Defensa de la Salud Reproductiva The experience in Uruguay: the Bill for the Defense of Reproductive Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Xavier

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se refiere a la experiencia uruguaya de estos últimos años respecto al debate sobre los derechos sexuales y reproductivos. Si bien el proyecto de ley de defensa de la salud reproductiva no pudo salvar la barrera del Senado, tanto el proceso previo como los impactos posteriores, han sido relevantes, generando un debate social, aún incipiente, pero que ha involucrado a medios de comunicación, la Academia y los partidos políticos y convocando a una discusión que por primera vez se realiza en ambas Cámaras. En dicho contexto debe destacarse el papel de las ONGs defensoras de los derechos de la mujer - en especial de los sexuales y reproductivos -, quienes concretaron una coordinación, incluyendo al movimiento sindical, que apoyó la propuesta parlamentaria. El debate generó asimismo vínculos internacionales que lo proyectaron fuera de fronteras. El artículo releva brevemente antecedentes y fundamentos del proyecto, las investigaciones realizadas, los compromisos internacionales asumidos por el país, culminando con una síntesis del mismo y de los desafíos que se generan en torno a los derechos sexuales y reproductivos, y concretamente respecto a la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo.This article reports on the recent Uruguayan experience with the debate on sexual and reproductive rights. While the Bill for the Defense of Reproductive Health did not pass in the Senate, both the prior process and the subsequent impacts have been relevant, generating a social debate that is still incipient but has involved the mass media, academia, and the political parties and spawning a discussion that has involved both houses of Congress for the first time. Within this context, an outstanding role has been played by NGOs devoted to the defense of women's rights (especially sexual and reproductive, who established a coordinating body that included the trade union movement, which supported the bill. The debate also led to international

  8. Bill Gates vil redde Folkeskolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fejerskov, Adam Moe

    2014-01-01

    Det amerikanske uddannelsessystem bliver for tiden udsat for hård kritik, ledt an af Microsoft stifteren Bill Gates. Gates har indtil videre brugt 3 mia. kroner på at skabe opbakning til tiltag som præstationslønning af lærere og strømlining af pensum på tværs af alle skoler i landet...

  9. Comparison groups on bills: Automated, personalized energy information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iyer, Maithili; Kempton, Willett; Payne, Christopher

    2006-07-01

    A program called ``Innovative Billing?? has been developed to provide individualized energy information for a mass audience?the entireresidential customer base of an electric or gas utility. Customers receive a graph on the bill that compares that customer?s consumption with othersimilar customers for the same month. The program aims to stimulate customers to make ef?ciency improvements. To group as many as severalmillion customers into small ``comparison groups??, an automated method must be developed drawing solely from the data available to the utility.This paper develops and applies methods to compare the quality of resulting comparison groups.A data base of 114,000 customers from a utility billing system was used to evaluate Innovative Billing comparison groups, comparing fouralternative criteria: house characteristics (?oor area, housing type, and heating fuel); street; meter read route; billing cycle. Also, customers wereinterviewed to see what forms of comparison graphs made most sense and led to fewest errors of interpretation. We ?nd that good qualitycomparison groups result from using street name, meter book, or multiple house characteristics. Other criteria we tested, such as entire cycle, entiremeter book, or single house characteristics such as ?oor area, resulted in poor quality comparison groups. This analysis provides a basis forchoosing comparison groups based on extensive user testing and statistical analysis. The result is a practical set of guidelines that can be used toimplement realistic, inexpensive innovative billing for the entire customer base of an electric or gas utility.

  10. Organic Bill Conscience Clause

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Riofrío Martínez-Villalba

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available By the close relationship between the right to life of the unborn child and the right to act in conscience of doctors, nurses and others at one time can be commanded to kill an unborn, we quote an interesting project of law about Conscience Clause.

  11. Councillor Remuneration Bill 2016

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Richmond, Neale

    2016-01-01

    An Act to provide for an Independent Review Group on Councillor Remuneration to be established on a statutory basis, to report on the remuneration paid to members of local authorities throughout the State; to provide the Government and the Houses of the Oireachtas every twenty-four months with it...

  12. Decision 13-2009 in the matter of a review by the NWT Public Utilities Board regarding customer complaints of high consumption on power bills from Northland Utilities Limited

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In February 2009, in response to customer complaints, the Northwest Territories Public Utilities Board requested that Northland Utilities conduct a review of at least the last 3 billing cycles to detect and explain unusually high power bills. Northland responded that the complaints were based primarily on price, not usage, and that the findings can be attributed to rate adjustments as well as colder weather. However, the Board decided to examine certain aspects of Northland's response in detail and initiated an inquiry under section 52 of the Public Utilities Act. The Board determined that Northland Utilities' process for investigating customer complaints was too informal and without any clear structure, resulting in confusion for some customers. The Board directed the utility to develop a document for dealing with customer concerns that clearly outlines the rights and responsibilities of both the utility and the customers. The Board also directed Northland Utilities to reduce the $500 threshold for a company-initiated review of an account to $400. This document addressed issues regarding estimated versus actual meter readings; the number of days in a billing cycle; the prominence of consumption and overall cost on a bill; bill calculators; customer consumption monitoring; pre-paid meters; and meter accuracy. Specific customer complaints were included along with a summary of Board directives.

  13. Bill Shane's bullets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The argument is made that the BTU tax on natural gas should be collected downstream not upstream. There should be 100% pass-through to customers of the BTU tax by state Public Utility Commissions based on the take or pay structure. Two key premises for the upstream collection of the BTU tax are that production issues are less important than they once were and the fundamentals of the natural gas market are in good shape. The following topics are outlines: (1) components of reliable service; (2) the open-quotes oldclose quotes reliability; (3) the open-quotes newclose quotes reliability; (4) what is the Resonance Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA); (5) RCRA re-authorization: what is at stake; and (6) waste management conclusions

  14. Public submissions on the Uganda national biotechnology and biosafety bill, 2012 reveal consensus for Uganda legislators to pass the bill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clet Wandui Masiga

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an internationally binding instrument addressing issues of biosafety. Biosafety refers to the need to protect human health and the environment from the possible adverse effects of the products of modern biotechnology. Accordingly all countries to the convention are required to put in place regulatory mechanisms to enhance the safety of biotechnology in the context of the Convention’s overall goal of reducing all potential threats to biological diversity, while taking into account the risks to human health. Therefore each country party to the convention has its own procedures to enact laws to guide the safe use of biotechnology. In Uganda the process involves the drafting of the bill by the first parliamentary counsel, approval by cabinet, first reading at the parliament, committal to the responsible parliamentary sessional committee, tabling of the bill for public hearing, consultations, and final approval. In Uganda, the Committee on Science and Technology is responsible for the Biosafety Bill. In March 2013, the Committee tabled the bill for public hearing and submissions from public institutions. There were comments supporting the passage of the Bill and comments in objection.The reasons for objection are mainly due to precaution, speculation, lack of knowledge about biotechnology and biosafety, and alleged influence from biosafety entrepreneurs. This article reviews these public views, revealing controversy and possible consensus to pass the bill.

  15. H.R. 5181: A Bill to provide for the establishment of a uranium enrichment corporation, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, August 8, 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    H.R. 5181 is a bill to provide for the establishment of a uranium enrichmen corporation, which will be an efficient provider of uranium enrichment services able, insofar as is consistent with maximizing the value of the corporation, to meet the needs of the United States for uranium enrichment services, and which will be suitable for eventual transfer to private ownership. Other aspects of the bill assure the recovery of the value of assets transferred to the corporation, maximize the value of the corporation to the United States, assure the recovery of the costs for decommissioning existing and future uranium enrichment facilities owned by the corporation, and prevent any further public subsidization of the Civilian Uranium Enrichment Program in the United States. After introduction, the bill was referred jointly to the Committees on Energy and Commerce and Interior and Insular Affairs

  16. Report made on the behalf of the Commission of economic affairs on the bill project related to the application of the precautionary principle defined in the Charter for the Environment to risks resulting from electromagnetic waves - Nr 654

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After an introduction commenting the determination of a threshold for low-intensity electromagnetic waves with athermal effects, this document reports the discussion of the Commission which commented the application of the precautionary principle as it is defined in the Charter for the Environment. Then the bill project articles are discussed. They notably concern the introduction of new chapters or articles in the French environment code and urban planning code, the prohibition of some advertising, and measures related to mobile phones. A table compares the existing measures, the bill project text and the text adopted by the commission. Amendments studied by the commission are indicated

  17. S. 589: A Bill to amend the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 to create an independent Nuclear Safety Board. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, March 15, 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Senate Bill S. 589 amends the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 and creates an independent Nuclear Safety Board. The makeup of the Board is set forth and its duties are listed as: (1) to conduct independent investigations of events at facilities, or involving materials, licensed or otherwise regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC); (2) to review and assess the licensing and other regulatory practices of the NRC; (3) to recommend to the NRC improvements in licensing and related regulatory practices; and (4) to inform Congress of its investigation findings and recommendations. The Board is to be terminated at the end of fiscal year 1995, and appropriations for each of the intervening fiscal years is set by the Bill at $6 million. The Bill was referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works after introduction and two readings in the Senate

  18. Report on the behalf of the Foreign Affairs Commission on the bill project n 3080 authorizing the ratification of the statutes of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document first recalls that the creation of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is due to a German initiative. It recalls the rather quick negotiations (2007-2009) which led to the creation of the Agency, outlines that its statutes were inspired by those of other organizations coming under the United Nations. It comments the content of the article which defines the agency's missions. Then it discusses some questions which have been shelved: the absence of China and Russia, the risk of non ratification by the United States, the language issue. In a second part, the document reports the discussions during the bill examination by the Commission. An appendix indicates the countries which have signed or ratified the IRENA statutes

  19. WOMEN'S RESERVATION BILL – SOME GUIDE LINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KRISHNA NAMDEV

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The listing of the Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill for discussion and adoption in the current session of Parliament is a welcome step. It is also welcome that the government has reversed its earlier unjustifiable position of keeping domestic workers outside the purview of the proposed legislation, Amendments moved on August 7 now include these sections of working women in a sector which has seen the largest increase in the employment of women in 1.urban India

  20. Bill project aiming at prohibiting the exploration and exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbons, and at abrogating exclusive search permits for liquid or gaseous hydrocarbon mines, and aiming at ensuring transparency in the issue of search permits and concessions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As offshore drillings and the search for unconventional gas has faced a strong opposition by part of the French population, this bill project (presented mainly by the Socialist group) aims at prohibiting these practices in France, and notably at abrogating some exclusive search permits which have been recently awarded. The authors outline the main motivations of this bill project: these exploitation and mining techniques are very expensive; they have several negative impacts with respect to environment protection commitments like the Grenelle de l'Environnement and the Grenelle de la Mer; these techniques have also an impact on water resources, and generate pollution which impacts water quality as well as ecosystems and biodiversity; some chemical products used by these techniques are carcinogenic (as it already appeared in the USA and in Canada); and finally, the exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbons has a bad carbon assessment. This presentation if followed by the bill project text

  1. H.R. 4121: A Bill to establish an independent safety board to oversee Department of Energy nuclear facilities. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, March 9, 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill H.R. 4121 if enacted would establish an independent safety board to oversee the Department of Energy nuclear facilities. This board would be a part of the executive branch and would be known as the Federal Facilities Nuclear Safety Board. The structure, functions, and powers of the Board as well as the responsibilities of the Secretary of Energy in full cooperation with the board, the format of board recommendations, the method of board reporting, and authorization for funding for the board are presented in detail. The bill was referred to the Committees on Energy and Commerce and Armed Services

  2. US Department of Energy Secretary Bill Richardson (centre) at an LHC interaction region quadrupole test cryostat. part of the US contribution to LHC construction and built by the US-LHC collaboration (hence the Fermilab logo)

    CERN Document Server

    Barbara Warmbein

    2000-01-01

    Photo 01 : September 2000 - Mr Bill Richardson, Secretary of Energy, United States of America (centre) at an LHC interaction region quadrupole test cryostat, part of the US contribution to LHC construction and built by the US-LHC collaboration (hence the Fermilab logo); with l. to r. Dr Mildred Dresselhaus, Dr Carlo Wyss, CERN Director General, Profesor Luciano Maiani, Professor Roger Cashmore, Ambassador George Moose, Dr Peter Rosen, Dr John Ellis. Photo 02 : Mr. Bill Richardson (right), Secretary of Energy United States of America with Prof. Luciano Maiani leaning over one of the LHC magnets produced at Fermilab during his visit to CERN on 16th September 2000.

  3. Opinion on the behalf of the Commission for Sustainable Development and Land Planning on the bill project, modified by the Senate, related to sobriety, transparency, information and consultation with respect to exposure to electromagnetic waves (nr 2062). Nr 2501

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report first recalls the evolution of the bill project with its accepted or refused amendments associated with its main articles. Those articles addressed the return of the notion of sobriety for the exposure to electromagnetic fields, the crucial role of local executive power in the information and consultation procedure in the case of new installations of relay antennas, a more reliable definition of some atypical issues, obligations of information and awareness heightening of public and users, and maintaining the taking into account of the health impact of electromagnetic waves. Discussions of the commission on general issues and on the bill project articles are reported

  4. Report on the behalf of the Special Commission in charge of the examination, in the perspective of a final reading, of the bill project related to energy transition for a green growth (T.A. 519). N 3004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains the various amendments introduced by the French Senate before the final reading by the French National Assembly of the bill project on energy transition for a green growth. It also reports the discussion of the Commission in charge of the examination of these amendments with, for some of them, a wider discussion about their acceptance or rejection

  5. In vitro culture, serologic and molecular analysis of Acanthamoeba isolated from the liver of a keel-billed toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visvesvara, Govinda S; Booton, Gregory C; Kelley, Darryl J; Fuerst, Paul; Sriram, Rama; Finkelstein, Ariana; Garner, Michael M

    2007-01-19

    Members of the genus Acanthamoeba are usually free-living amebae and are found in a variety of ecological niches including soil, fresh and brackish water, dust in air, filters of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning units, swimming pools and hot tubs, etc. Occasionally, they are also known to cause central nervous system infections in humans and other animals. We isolated into culture an amoeba from the liver tissue of a keel-billed toucan and identified it as Acanthamoeba sp. based on culture characteristics and immunofluorescent analysis. Further, we characterized the cultured amoeba and also the amoeba in the liver tissue as Acanthamoeba, genotype T4, by sequencing a diagnostic region of the nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA gene. PMID:16962705

  6. Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of water quality in Rio das Pedras reservoir (Billings Complex, São Paulo State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Moschini-Carlos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar em escalas espacial (vertical e horizontal e temporal as características limnológicas do Reservatório Rio das Pedras (Complexo Billings, São Bernardo do Campo, SP – Brasil. Nos meses de março e outubro de 2004 foram amostradas em perfil três estações no reservatório. As variáveis analisadas foram: temperatura, condutividade elétrica e pH, com sonda multiparâmetros; concentrações de amônio, nitrito, nitrato, fosfato, ortosilicato, fósforo total, clorofila-a e feofitina, por método espectrofotométrico; oxigênio dissolvido por método titulométrico; além das concentrações de sólidos totais e material em suspensão. Para análise estatística dos dados foi aplicada a ACP (Análise de Componentes Principais. A heterogeneidade temporal observada foi conseqüência das diferenças de temperatura, que geraram estratificação térmica, química e biológica, no mês de março. As diferenças espaciais verticais também resultaram da estratificação térmica. As maiores discrepâncias das características limnológicas, em relação ao padrão de distribuição espacial horizontal, foram obtidas na estação 1, e são diretamente relacionadas à influência das águas provenientes do reservatório Billings. De acordo com a CONAMA 357/05, para o mês de outubro de 2004 as águas do reservatório estão em conformidade com a Classe 3. Para o mês de março, na estação 3 os valores estão abaixo do estabelecido, conferindo não conformidade para a Classe 3.

  7. H.R. 1001: A Bill to authorize appropriations for the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactors Program of the Department of Energy. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, February 18, 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Act may be cited as the open-quotes Bomb-Grade Uranium Export Substitution Act of 1993close quotes. The purpose of this Bill is to authorize appropriations for the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactors Program of the Department of Energy. This document presents Congressional findings and a statement of authorization of appropriations

  8. Bill (declared urgency) asserting the national commitment for the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is made of three parts. Part 1 is the exposition of the intentions of each article of the bill, part 2 is the bill itself and part 3 is the impact study of the bill in terms of economical, social and environmental impact. (J.S.)

  9. Bill related to the struggle against proliferation of mass destruction weapons and their vectors; Projet de Loi relatif a la lutte contre la proliferation des armes de destruction massive et de leurs vecteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    This bill indicates the modifications brought to different French laws and codes (penal code, defence code, custom code) and defines provisions and penalties within the frame of struggle against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear weapons, biological weapons and toxin-based weapons, chemical weapons), and against the proliferation of their vectors. These modifications, provisions and penalties also concern double-use products. The bill also defines the modifications brought to the French penal procedure code. It finally addresses offenses related to these proliferations which can be considered as an act of terrorism

  10. Report made on the behalf of the Commission on Economic Affairs on the bill project related to temperance, transparency and conciliation with regard to exposure to electromagnetic waves (nr 1635) - Nr 1677

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report first explains why to reduce the exposure to electromagnetic waves: we are living in an always denser wave environment, it is a matter of concern for the population, there is a probability of health risks, and there is now a political demand. The next part discusses how to reduce this exposure through information, anticipation, regulation and protection. The general discussion is then reported, and then the examination of the bill project articles. The topics addressed by the bill project are: moderation of exposure to electromagnetic fields and conciliation when installing radio-electric equipment, information and protection of public and users

  11. Introducing a Market Element into the Funding Mechanism of Public Education in British Columbia: A Critical Policy Analysis of Part 6.1 of the School Amendment Act, 2002 (Bill 34)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallon, Gerald; Paquette, Jerald

    2009-01-01

    This policy study explores origins of part 6.1 of "Bill 34" ("School Amendment Act, 2002") and its impacts on the institutional behaviour of two public school districts in British Columbia. Part 6.1 permits school districts to raise funds through for-profit school district business companies (SDBC). The analysis found several consequences of the…

  12. Employing Financial Futures to Increase the Return on Near Cash (Treasury Bill) Investments

    OpenAIRE

    Edwin J. Elton; Martin J. Gruber; Joel C. Rentzler

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to formulate and test a decision model to increase the return on a pool of liquid assets through the use of Treasury bill futures contracts. Recent literature has documented inefficiencies in the pricing of T-bill futures. These inefficiencies can be exploited to increase the return on a portfolio of T-bills without affecting the maturity of the portfolio. The solution technique used is dynamic programming. The results of applying a dynamic programming algorithm...

  13. Bill project related to the struggle against the proliferation of arms of massive destruction and their vectors; Projet de Loi relatif a la lutte contre la proliferation des armes de destruction massive et de leurs vecteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This bill project addresses several issues: the struggle against proliferation of arms of massive destruction (nuclear weapons, nuclear materials, biological weapons, and chemical weapons), the struggle against proliferation of vectors of arms of massive destruction, double-use goods, the use of these weapons and vectors in acts of terrorism

  14. Law bill relative to the fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and of their vectors; Projet de loi relatif a la lutte contre la proliferation des armes de destruction massive et de leurs vecteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-05-15

    The existing French legislation about the prevention and repression of proliferation actions is complex and includes some loopholes in some particular proliferation-related situations. Therefore, this bill aims at improving this situation by reinforcing the efficiency, the consistency and the dissuasive nature of the French legislation in this domain. (J.S.)

  15. Interpretive Sourcebook, 1996. A Sense of Place, A Sense of Space: Interpretation under the Big Sky. Proceedings of the National Interpreters Workshop (Billings, Montana, October 22-26, 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopmann, Richard W., Ed.

    This sourcebook is a compilation of presentations from the National Interpreters Workshop held in Billings, Montana, in 1996. In this book, interpreters share stories of American battlefields, driving tours, wetlands, clovis points, floating classrooms, perfect signs, art collaboration, and wild animals in interpretive programming. Sections…

  16. Notice made on behalf of the Commission of economic affairs about the bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment (no. 1965)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document recalls first the objectives of the bill adopted by the Senate, then it presents the proposals of the rapporteurs of the French House of Commons, followed by the auditions of the Junior Ministers in charge of ecology, accommodation and urbanism, energy, sustainable development, green technologies and climate. Finally, each article of the bill is described, and examined by the deputies. (J.S.)

  17. H.R.1711: a Bill to authorize appropriations for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for fiscal year 1986 and fiscal year 1987. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) appropriations for fiscal years 1986 and 1987 are $429 million and $460 million, respectively. The Bill allocates sums for each year for reactor regulation, inspection and enforcement, nuclear material safety and safeguards, reactor research, program technical support, and program administration. The Bill cites conditions for spending the funds and for entering into grants and cooperative agreements. The NRC is authorized to issue reactor operating licenses in the absence of a state or local emergency preparedness plan if it determines that public safety is assured

  18. Return of spent TRIGA fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spent fuel from J. Stefan Institute TRIGA reactor was successfully shipped to the US in 1999. Totally 219 standard TRIGA fuel rods used in the reactor from 1966 to 1991 were shipped. Together with the experience interesting for other reactors preparing for shipment, the following aspects of the project are explained: training of all persons involved, organization (QA, responsibilities), pre-preparation of the fuel, characterization of the fuel elements (burn-up determination, inspection of physical integrity), technical preparation for the shipment, administrative preparation (environmental impact report, safety report, operating and emergency procedures, qualification of equipment, permit), loading of the shipment containers, transfer of the containers to the port, signing of the bill of lading and transfer of liability. The role of main parties involved (J. Stefan Institute, US-DOE, IAEA, NAC) is explained. According to the contract covering the first shipment, we intend to return also the remaining fuel elements after 2016. (author)

  19. AN EPIZOOTIC OF EMERGING NOVEL AVIAN POX IN CARRION CROWS (CORVUS CORONE) AND LARGE-BILLED CROWS (CORVUS MACRORHYNCHOS) IN JAPAN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukui, Daisuke; Nakamura, Makiko; Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi; Takenaka, Makiko; Murakami, Mami; Yanai, Tokuma; Fukushi, Hideto; Yanagida, Kazumi; Bando, Gen; Matsuno, Keita; Nagano, Masashi; Tsubota, Toshio

    2016-04-28

    In 2006-10, an epizootic of emerging avian pox occurred in Carrion Crows ( Corvus corone ) and Large-billed Crows ( Corvus macrorhynchos ), leading to mortality of juvenile crows in Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan. We diagnosed 27 crows with proliferative skin lesions (19 carcasses and eight biopsied cases [one in zoo captivity]) as avian pox clinically, histopathologically by detection of Avipoxvirus-specific 4b core protein (P4b) gene, and epidemiologically. The fatal cases demonstrated intensively severe infection and aggressive lesions with secondary bacterial infection. Since the first identification of avian pox in Sapporo, Japan, in 2006, the frequency of mortality events has increased, peaking in 2007-08. Mortalities have subsequently occurred in other areas, suggesting disease expansion. In Sapporo, prevalence of avian pox evaluated by field censuses during 2007-12 was 17.6% (6.6-27.2%), peaked during 2007-08 and 2008-09, and then decreased. All diseased crows were juveniles, except for one adult. The number of crows assembling in the winter roosts had been stable for >10 yr; however, it declined in 2007-08, decreased by about 50% in 2008-09, and recovered to the previous level in 2009-10, correlated with the avian pox outbreak. Thus, avian pox probably contributed to the unusual crow population decline. All P4b sequences detected in six specimens in Sapporo were identical and different from any previously reported sequences. The sequence detected in the zoo-kept crow was distinct from any reported clades, and interspecies transmission was suspected. This report demonstrates an emerging novel avian pox in the Japanese avifauna and in global populations of Carrion Crows and Large-billed Crows. Longitudinal monitoring is needed to evaluate its impact on the crow population. PMID:26967129

  20. H.R.1671: A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to the treatment of foreign oil and gas income, introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, April 9, 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill explains special rules for foreign tax credit with respect to foreign oil and gas income by amending the following sections: certain taxes not creditable; separate baskets for foreign oil and gas extraction income and foreign oil related income; and elimination of deferral for foreign oil and gas extraction income. The effective date would be December 31, 1991

  1. Design and Modeling Billing solution to Next Generation Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Lakhtaria, Kamaljit I

    2010-01-01

    Next generation networks (NGN) services are assumed to be a new revenue stream for both network operators and service providers. New services especially focused on a mobile telecommunications that would be used not only as a communication de vice but also as a personal gateway to order or consume a variety of services and products [1]. This type of advanced services can be accomplished when the adaptability of the packet-networks (Internet) and the quality of service of the circuit switched networks are combined into one network [2]. New challenges appear in the billing of this heterogeneous multi services network. Some examples of such a services and possible solutions about charging and billing are examined in this paper. The first steps of mathematical model for billing are also considered.

  2. Analysis of technical feasibility, economic and environmental operation of the lift system Tiete-Billings in the supply of water and electricity in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo; Analise da viabilidade tecnico-economico-ambiental da operacao do sistema elevatorio Tiete-Billings no suprimento de agua e eletricidade na regiao metropolitana de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, Luiz

    2010-07-01

    This study examines the characteristics of the water from the upper Tiete, as an input in the form of drinking water produced in eight stations, water treatment plant (WTP), an input for hydropower generation and wastewater generated by different anthropogenic activities. The most important problem of this basin is the wastewater that is released in the Pinheiros river and due to the deficit of 32.41 m3/s (2008) in the treatment of sewage in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo ('RMSP') which produces one pollutant load of 920 thousand kilograms of BOD per day. The Pinheiros river's flow during the floods and drought has the same destination, the Billings reservoir. However, the legislation for floods and drought periods are different. The first case - floods occurs by the action of full control of the metropolitan region and is supported by the Joint Resolution of Secretaries of State of Sao Paulo (SEE-SMA-SRHSO on 13/03/96) that allows the pumping of water in the following emergencies: (1) estimates of flow of the Tiete river at the point of its confluence with the river Pinheiros, above 160 m3/ s; (2) raised level above 30 cm water level at the confluence with the river Pinheiros. The second case - drought, the Metropolitan Company for Water and Energy (EMAE) Project proposed flotation of the Secretary of State for the Environment (SMA, 2004) to treat 10 m3/ s water originating channel Pinheiros (set/2007 the set / 2008) by means of flotation technology in flow. Using information based on Environmental Sanitation Great Sao Paulo (SANEGRAN) and data from the operation of the prototype flotation system Pinheiros-Billings (Project QAPB), concluded that the environmental impact of the reservoir Billings for the load of pollutants (mass per second) pumped after the flotation of the Pinheiros river water was always lower than that observed in the flood control operation. The treatment presented by flotation removal of 91% for total phosphorus, 90% for E

  3. Report on the behalf of the special commission for the examination of the bill project, after proceeding the accelerated procedure, modified by the Senate in first reading, related to energy transition for a green growth (nr 2611) - Nr 2736

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a presentation of the commission works, this huge report presents and discusses the content and the modifications brought by the Senate to the bill project on energy transition for a green growth. Thus, it addresses the different articles of this bill project: to define common objectives for a successful energy transition, to strengthen France energy independence and economic competitiveness, to preserve health and the environment and to struggle against climatic change; to better renovate buildings to save energy, to reduce bills and to create jobs; to develop clean transports for a better air quality and to protect health; to struggle against spillages and to promote circular economy from product design to recycling; to promote renewable energies to diversify energies and valorise territorial resources; to strengthen nuclear safety and citizen information; to simplify and clarify procedures for better efficiency and competitiveness; to give to citizen, enterprises, territories and State the power to act together. A table gives a comparative vision of the successive versions of the bill project

  4. 20 CFR 10.335 - How are medical bills submitted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are medical bills submitted? 10.335... AMENDED Medical and Related Benefits Medical Bills § 10.335 How are medical bills submitted? Usually, medical providers submit bills directly to OWCP. The rules for submitting and paying bills are stated...

  5. 47 CFR 64.2401 - Truth-in-Billing Requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Truth-in-Billing Requirements. 64.2401 Section... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS Truth-in-Billing Requirements for Common Carriers § 64.2401 Truth-in-Billing Requirements. (a) Bill organization. Telephone bills shall be...

  6. S.743: A bill entitled the National Energy Efficiency and Development Tax Act of 1991, introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, March 21, 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill would amend certain sections of the Internal Revenue Act to provide tax incentives for renewable energy production. Qualified technologies include solar thermal, photovoltaic, wind, geothermal (other than dry steam), and biomass. The bill would also limit exclusion from gross income for parking and allow exclusion for employer subsidies for mass transit and van pooling. A tax credit would be allowed for retrofitting of home oil heaters. The bill would allow exclusion from gross income for energy and water conservation subsidies provided by public utilities. The Safe and Efficient Vehicles Incentive Act of 1991 is included in this bill. The net income limitation on percentage depletion would not apply to oil and gas wells and a crude oil production credit would be available for maintaining economically marginal wells. There is a credit for crude oil and natural gas exploration and development and the intangible drilling costs would be removed from the Alternative Minimum Tax. Several other credits for the petroleum industry are described

  7. Tuition Tax Relief Bills. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Taxation and Debt Management Generally of the Committee on Finance. Ninety-Fifth Congress, Second Session on S.96, S.311, S.834, S.954, S.1570, S.1781, S.2142. Part 1 of 2 Parts. Oral Testimony, January 18 and 19, 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Finance.

    These hearings contain the text of the Packwood-Moynihan bill (S.2142) and other tuition tax-relief bills before the Senate (S.96, S.311, S.834, S.954, S.1570, and S.1781) as well as the testimony given January 18 and 19, 1978, before the Subcommitte on Taxation and Debt Management Generally of the Committee on Finance. (Author/IRT)

  8. Hospital billing for blood processing and transfusion for inpatient stays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCue, Michael J; Nayar, Preethy

    2009-07-01

    Medicare, an important payer for hospitals, reimburses hospitals for inpatient stays using Diagnosis Related Groups (DRGs). Many private insurers also use the DRG methodology to reimburse hospitals for their services. Therefore, those blood service organizations that bill Medicare directly require an understanding of the DRG system of payment to enable them to bill Medicare correctly, and in order to be certain they are adequately reimbursed. Blood centers that do not bill Medicare directly need to understand how hospitals are reimbursed for blood and blood components as this affects a hospital's ability to pay service fees related to these products. This review presents a detailed explanation of how hospitals are reimbursed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for Medicare inpatient services, including blood services. PMID:19594718

  9. Jamaica National Net-Billing Pilot Program Evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doris, Elizabeth [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Stout, Sherry [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Peterson, Kimberly [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-12-18

    This technical report discusses the effectiveness of the Jamaica Public Service Company Limited Net-Billing Pilot Program. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collected and analyzed data from a wide range of stakeholders, conducted in-country research, and compared program elements to common interconnection practices to form programmatic recommendations for the Jamaica context. NREL finds that the net-billing pilot program has successfully contributed to the support of the emerging solar market in Jamaica with the interconnection of 80 systems under the program for a total of 1.38 megawatts (MW) at the time of original analysis.

  10. H.R. 3236 and H.R. 4458, bills affecting veterans exposed to ionizing radiation in military service. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Compensation, Pension and Insurance of the Committee on Veteran's Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, May 27, 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hearing addresses H.R. 3236 and H.R. 4458 bills affecting veterans exposed to ionizing radiation in military service. The bills authorized treatment and provide benefits to military veterans who have been adversely affected by exposure to radioactive materials. Statements of government and industry officials are included along with documents submitted for the record

  11. Tisettanta case study: the interoperation of furniture production companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amarilli, Fabrizio; Spreafico, Alberto

    This chapter presents the Tisettanta case study, focusing on the definition of the possible innovations that ICT technologies can bring to the Italian wood-furniture industry. This sector is characterized by industrial clusters composed mainly of a few large companies with international brand reputations and a large base of SMEs that manufacture finished products or are specialized in the production of single components/processes (such as the Brianza cluster, where Tisettanta operates). In this particular business ecosystem, ICT technologies can bring relevant support and improvements to the supply chain process, where collaborations between enterprises are put into action through the exchange of business documents such as orders, order confirmation, bills of lading, invoices, etc. The analysis methodology adopted in the Tisettanta case study refers to the TEKNE Methodology of Change (see Chapter 2), which defines a framework for supporting firms in the adoption of the Internetworked Enterprise organizational paradigm.

  12. S. 397: A bill to provide assistance to small communities with ground water radium contamination. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, February 9, 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A bill was introduced in the Senate to provide assistance to small communities with ground water radium contamination. Assistance will be used for financing the acquisition and installation of ground water treatment technologies needed to remove radium from ground water used as a source of drinking water

  13. Bill concerning the national commitment for the environment (final text)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French house of commons has adopted this bill which allows to adapt the French legislation to the new requirements defined by the program law relative to the implementation of the French road-mad in favor of ecology and sustainable development ('Grenelle de l'environnement'). The bill covers 6 main domains: settlement and urbanism, transports, energy, biodiversity, environment and waste management, and governance and information. Its aim is to encourage the development of renewable energy sources, to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions, and to protect the environment thanks to new legal and technical means at the disposal of actors with practical experience, in particular the local authorities. (J.S.)

  14. RFID based Bill Generation and Payment through Mobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati R.Zope

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Emerging electronic commerce becomes popular together with theconsiderable increase of mobile device. Since mobile paymentswill become one of the most important mobile services. Here weare generating a bill in Super market and billing it through mobile.The most important consideration is the security of the mobiledevices and the applications along with the complexity ofpayment process. We describe how Smart Market works anddiscuss related issues in detail and secure remote paymentarchitecture based on smart card in mobile devices that simplifiesthe payment process and takes a finance measure to permit amore fairly allocation of risks between merchants and consumers.

  15. A Registration Algorithm for the Identification of Individual Parrots Based on the Patterns of Filing Ridges on the Internal Surface of Their Upper Bill Tip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas C. Redd

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Ridges on the internal side of the upper bill tip (i.e., “filing ridges” of parrots and some cockatoos form patterns that are characteristic of genera and, therefore, can be used for the classification of parrots and cockatoos. These patterns are also individually variable and, thus, could be used to fingerprint individual parrots. The objectives of our project were to evaluate the degree of individual variability and to develop a method and algorithm for registering and comparing the patterns of ridges by using a rigid registration technique. Within the data sets, we have been able to successfully identify each anonymized specimen using this method. For 22 of the 27 anonymized specimens, we found a degree of magnitude (the total error taken as the sum of distances between corresponding points to be on the scale of 101 or greater between the match with the correct specimen and the match with all other members of the data set via a squared residual error assessment. For the remaining specimens, instances occurred in which the difference was smaller for two birds, but the correct bird was identified, nonetheless, while accurately ruling out over 90% of the incorrect bird matches.

  16. VA Health Care and Health Manpower Training Legislation. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Hospitals of the Committee on Veterans' Affairs; United States Senate, Ninety-second Congress. First Session on S.2219, S.2354, S.2355, S.1924, S.2304, S.1635, S.2340, H. J. Res. 748, H. R. 481, and Related Bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Veteran's Affairs.

    Ten legislative bills related to VA health manpower training and education and to veterans' health care were considered at this hearing. The bills concerned the following: (1) establishment of new public nonprofit medical, health profession, and allied health schools and the expansion and improvement of health manpower training programs in VA…

  17. A Registration Algorithm for the Identification of Individual Parrots Based on the Patterns of Filing Ridges on the Internal Surface of Their Upper Bill Tip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas C. Redd

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Ridges on the internal side of the upper bill tip (i.e., “filing ridges” of parrots and some cockatoosform patterns that are characteristic of genera and, therefore, can be used for the classification ofparrots and cockatoos. These patterns are also individually variable and, thus, could be used tofingerprint individual parrots. The objectives of our project were to evaluate the degree ofindividual variability and to develop a method and algorithm for registering and comparing thepatterns of ridges by using a rigid registration technique. Within the datasets, we have beensuccessful in identifying each unidentified dataset using this method. For 22 of the 27unidentified datasets, we found a degree of magnitude (i.e., the total error taken as the sum ofdistances between corresponding points to be on the scale of 101 or greater between the matchwith the correct dataset and the match with all other datasets of the database via a squaredresidual error assessment. For the remaining datasets, instances occurred in which thedifference was smaller for two birds, but the correct bird was identified, nonetheless, whileaccurately ruling out over 90% of the incorrect bird matches.

  18. The Carriage of goods by Sea Act 1971 (Commencement, Order 1977)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Order (S.I. No 981) brought into force the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971 giving effect at internal level to the 1968 Protocol to the International Convention on Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading 1924 (the Hague Rules). The 1971 Act introduces an amendment to the Nuclear Installations Act 1965 which lays down, as does the Paris Convention, that none of its provisions shall affect the operation of international transport agreements in force in the United Kingdom, and in particular, the Hague Rules. As of now, and in accordance with the 1968 Protocol, the Nuclear Installations Act 1965 no longer reserves application of the Hague Rules. (NEA)

  19. 黄嘴鹮鹳混群笼养繁殖和育雏行为观察%Yellow-billed Stork Mixed Group of Captive Breeding and Rearing Behavior Observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁宇

    2009-01-01

    The yellow-billed stork was kept in a captive environment from 2006 to 2008. Scan sampling and the focus animals methods were used to observe yellow-billed stork breeding, nestling growth and development. The results showed that: Through human intervention, the yellow-billed stork in the Beijing area can reproduce in a whole year. The adult birds raise chicks together. Nestling birds is an altrices, compared to the ibis, the yellow-billed stork has a lot of specificity in the growth and development which close to the storks.%从2006年到2008年间对黄嘴鹮鹳的饲养环境进行人工调节,采用焦点动物法和扫描取样法对黄嘴鹮鹳的繁殖行为、雏鸟的生长发育进行观察.结果表明,人工措施可使黄嘴鹮鹳在北京地区全年繁殖;亲鸟在育雏期共同养育雏鸟;雏鸟属晚成鸟,但与鹮类相比,在生长发育上有特异性,更接近于鹳.

  20. 78 FR 23945 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Entry and Immediate Delivery Application and Simplified...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... (78 FR 9719) on February 11, 2013, allowing for a 60-day comment period. This notice allows for an... lading; house air waybill number; bill of lading issuer code; entry number; entry type; and estimated shipment value. Three optional data elements are the container stuffing location; consolidator name...

  1. Industry wins, loses in House bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the House of Representatives has approved a plan to limit U.S. gas prorationing by the states but rejected a move to require petroleum refiners and importers to place 1% of their oil or products volumes into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The oil industry lobbied heavily against the SPR provision, which went down 263-135. The House then passed its omnibus energy bill 381-37. It is designed to facilitate all types of energy production while promoting conservation. The legislation also imposes bans on offshore leasing but gives independent producers limited relief from the alternative minimum tax (AMT) and does not include a mandate for use of ethanol in gasoline

  2. Report on the behalf of the Commission for Foreign Affairs, Defence and Armed Forces on the bill proposition adopted by the National Assembly, related on the strengthening of the protection of civil installations containing nuclear materials. Nr 446

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In its first part, this report presents the nuclear sector as a sensitive sector under strict surveillance: a sector of critical importance (safety policy with its actors and its multi-level planning, a safety arrangement for the nuclear energy sector), a regulation specific to the nuclear sector, and specialised protection forces. It also addresses the issues of intrusions and over-flights (overview of intrusions, unsuitable penal repression, and new dimension of air safety due to the development of civil uses of drones). The next part comments the content of the bill proposition, and addresses the lack of a suitable penal regime for the protection of nuclear materials and of areas regarding defence. The scope of application of the bill proposition is discussed, as well as the applicable and additional penalties. A list of hearings is provided as well as non adopted amendments and a table proposing a comparison between different versions of the text

  3. Low Frequency Radio Astronomy Summary: A Festschrift For Bill Erickson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, B. G.; Kassim, N. E.; Perez, M. R.

    2005-12-01

    The science and technological issues presented at this workshop in honor of Bill Erickson's 74th birthday, are certainly opening up a new window of astronomical observations at the low end of the radio frequency spectrum. We briefly review some of the contributions concentrating our comments on the topics of science, technology, and history.

  4. S.83: A Bill to ensure the preservation of the Gulf of Mexico by establishing within the Environmental Protection Agency a Gulf of Mexico Program. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, January 21, 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    S. 83 may be cited as the open-quotes Gulf of Mexico Preservation Act of 1993.close quotes This Bill discusses findings pertaining to resources in the Gulf of Mexico, describes the establishment of the Gulf of Mexico Program, defines the establishment and duties of the Gulf of Mexico Program Office, and proposes a study of international issues. This Bill also includes an assessment to be prepared by the Administrator, a monitoring, management, protection and restoration plan, a grant program, authorization of appropriations, administrative provisions, and the relationship of the Bill to existing federal and state laws and international treaties

  5. Foraging segregation of two congeneric diving seabird species (common and thick-billed murres breeding on St. George Island, Bering Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Kokubun

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Sub-arctic environmental changes are expected to affect the ecology of marine top predators. We examined the characteristics of foraging behavior of two sympatric congeneric diving seabirds, common (Uria aalge: hereafter COMU and thick-billed (U. lomvia: hereafter TBMU murres breeding on St. George Island located in the seasonal sea-ice region of the Bering Sea. We investigated their flight duration, diel patterns of dive depth, and underwater wing strokes, along with morphology and blood stable isotopes. Acceleration-temperature-depth data loggers were attached to chick-guarding birds, and behavioral data were obtained from 7 COMU and 12 TBMU. Both species showed similar trip duration (13.21 ± 4.79 h for COMU and 10.45 ± 7.09 h for TBMU and similar diurnal patterns of diving (frequent dives to various depths in the daytime and less frequent dives to shallow depths in the nighttime. During the daytime, dive depths of COMU had two peaks in shallow (18.1 ± 6.0 m and deep (74.2 ± 8.7 m depths, while those of TBMU were 20.2 ± 7.4 m and 59.7 ± 7.9 m. COMU showed more frequent wing strokes during the bottom phase of dives (1.90 ± 0.11 s−1 than TBMU (1.66 ± 0.15 s−1. Fishes occurred with higher proportion in the bill-loads brought back to chicks in COMU (85 % than in TBMU (56 %. δ15N value of blood was significantly higher in COMU (14.47 ± 0.27 ‰ than in TBMU (13.14 ± 0.36 ‰. Relatively small wing area (0.053 ± 0.007 m2 of COMU compared to TBMU (0.067 ± 0.007 m2 may make them more agile underwater and thus enable them to target more mobile prey including larger fishes that inhabit deeper depths. These differences in foraging behavior between COMU and TBMU might explain the differences in their responses to long-term marine environmental changes.

  6. Foraging segregation of two congeneric diving seabird species (common and thick-billed murres) breeding on St. George Island, Bering Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokubun, N.; Yamamoto, T.,; Sato, N.; Watanuki, Y.; Will, A.; Kitaysky, A. S.; Takahashi, A.

    2015-11-01

    Sub-arctic environmental changes are expected to affect the ecology of marine top predators. We examined the characteristics of foraging behavior of two sympatric congeneric diving seabirds, common (Uria aalge: hereafter COMU) and thick-billed (U. lomvia: hereafter TBMU) murres breeding on St. George Island located in the seasonal sea-ice region of the Bering Sea. We investigated their flight duration, diel patterns of dive depth, and underwater wing strokes, along with morphology and blood stable isotopes. Acceleration-temperature-depth data loggers were attached to chick-guarding birds, and behavioral data were obtained from 7 COMU and 12 TBMU. Both species showed similar trip duration (13.21 ± 4.79 h for COMU and 10.45 ± 7.09 h for TBMU) and similar diurnal patterns of diving (frequent dives to various depths in the daytime and less frequent dives to shallow depths in the nighttime). During the daytime, dive depths of COMU had two peaks in shallow (18.1 ± 6.0 m) and deep (74.2 ± 8.7 m) depths, while those of TBMU were 20.2 ± 7.4 m and 59.7 ± 7.9 m. COMU showed more frequent wing strokes during the bottom phase of dives (1.90 ± 0.11 s-1) than TBMU (1.66 ± 0.15 s-1). Fishes occurred with higher proportion in the bill-loads brought back to chicks in COMU (85 %) than in TBMU (56 %). δ15N value of blood was significantly higher in COMU (14.47 ± 0.27 ‰) than in TBMU (13.14 ± 0.36 ‰). Relatively small wing area (0.053 ± 0.007 m2) of COMU compared to TBMU (0.067 ± 0.007 m2) may make them more agile underwater and thus enable them to target more mobile prey including larger fishes that inhabit deeper depths. These differences in foraging behavior between COMU and TBMU might explain the differences in their responses to long-term marine environmental changes.

  7. Size & Flow: Adult Education Issues in the Senate Immigration Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Garrett; Spangenberg, Gail

    2014-01-01

    In this essay Garrett Murphy and Gail Spangenberg report on the need for understanding better than in the past, the number of undocumented immigrants likely to need adult education services under provisions of Senate Immigration Bill S.744. The essay looks at why the issues of "size and flow" are important for planners, providers, and…

  8. Johnston guides energy bill through mark-up

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article reports on the progress of the energy bill, S.341 sponsored by J. Bennett Johnston, through Congress. Topics discussed are the nuclear plant licensing reforms, public participation in decision making, applicability of New Source Performance Standards to plant modifications, hydroelectric power, and the identification of the most controversial issues which had not been discussed

  9. Gun control law (Bill C-17), suicide, and homicide in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridges, F Stephen

    2004-06-01

    Canadian Bill C-17 was implemented in 1991 to restrict the use of firearms, providing a chance to investigate the effect of firearm control laws in the use of firearms for suicide and homicide. Following Lester and Leenaars' comprehensive studies, the present study examined the use of firearms for suicide and homicide during the period prior to the bill and during the period after the passing of Bill C-17 to assess the association of the bill with rates of suicide and homicide by method. Analysis showed a significant decrease after passage of Bill C-17 in the rates of suicides and homicides involving firearms and the percentage of suicides using firearms. The analysis provides support for the position that restricting the availability of firearms as a lethal means of committing suicide and homicide may help reduce the numbers of suicides and homicides. PMID:15217033

  10. Opinion presented on behalf of the Economical Affairs Commission on the finance bill for 2010 (n. 1946) - Volume II: Sustainable ecology, development and planning. Industry and energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report of the French National Assembly first presents the different programmes and actions related to energy and industry for which credits are foreseen in the French finance bill for 2010: development of firms and employment, energy policy, after-mining policy, struggle against climate change, management of ecology, energy, sustainable development, and sea policies, research in the field of energy and sustainable development and planning. The author then outlines the importance of the creation of conditions for a green growth in order to cope with an unprecedented crisis which ruins industrial employment. This implies the support of strategic sectors (energy-efficient building, evolution towards green chemistry, photovoltaic solar energy, renewable heat, innovating vehicles), the implementation of new priorities (smart grids, management of raw materials), and the emergence of ecological technologies promoted by the new tools of a climate policy (carbon tax introduction, improvement of carbon markets). It also implies an industrial output for research by means of a networking of actors (development of competitiveness poles, participation to European partnerships), and a reinforcement of the industrial horizon in the research policy (patenting, start-up development, support to innovating small and middle-sized companies, implementation of a true French capital-risk sector)

  11. Portable XRF and principal component analysis for bill characterization in forensic science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several modern techniques have been applied to prevent counterfeiting of money bills. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the potential of Portable X-ray Fluorescence (PXRF) technique and the multivariate analysis method of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for classification of bills in order to use it in forensic science. Bills of Dollar, Euro and Real (Brazilian currency) were measured directly at different colored regions, without any previous preparation. Spectra interpretation allowed the identification of Ca, Ti, Fe, Cu, Sr, Y, Zr and Pb. PCA analysis separated the bills in three groups and subgroups among Brazilian currency. In conclusion, the samples were classified according to its origin identifying the elements responsible for differentiation and basic pigment composition. PXRF allied to multivariate discriminate methods is a promising technique for rapid and no destructive identification of false bills in forensic science. - Highlights: • The paper is about a direct method for bills discrimination by EDXRF and principal component analysis. • The bills are analyzed directly, without sample preparation and non destructively. • The results demonstrates that the methodology is feasible and could be applied in forensic science for identification of origin and false banknotes. • The novelty is that portable EDXRF is very fast and efficient for bills characterization

  12. A Barking Dog That Never Bites? The British Sign Language (Scotland) Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Meulder, Maartje

    2015-01-01

    This article describes and analyses the pathway to the British Sign Language (Scotland) Bill and the strategies used to reach it. Data collection has been done by means of interviews with key players, analysis of official documents, and participant observation. The article discusses the bill in relation to the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005…

  13. Organizing a Grassroots Lobbying Effort: Working a Bill from Beginning to End

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorn, Terry

    2009-01-01

    This article provides information related to organizing a grassroots lobbying effort within a state association and working for the passage of a bill. This information resulted from experience working for the successful passage of the pay parity bill for nationally certified school psychologists in West Virginia during the 2008 legislative…

  14. 20 CFR 10.336 - What are the time frames for submitting bills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the time frames for submitting bills? 10.336 Section 10.336 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF...' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Medical and Related Benefits Medical Bills § 10.336 What are the time frames...

  15. Opinion presented on the behalf of the economic affairs commission on the finance bill for 2012: Volume 2: industry and energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first part of this report deals with the actions of the French industrial policy as they are defined in the 2012 finance bill. The author (from the opposition party) presents the content of an action in favour of industrial firms within a program of firm and job development, and analyses its financing. She explains why she considers this policy as inadequate: lack of support for innovating small and medium enterprises, and lack of efficiency of public support. She proposes measures to support these innovating enterprises and to tighten the relationship between research and industry by the creation of industrial ecosystems. She presents Grenoble as an example of innovation in research and industry. The second part deals with energy. She presents various programs and actions, and analyses their financing. She discusses the consequences of the French situation with respect to nuclear energy, discusses the ways to struggle against climate change (priority to energy efficiency policies, investment in the development of the green sector, research and development in the carbon capture and storage techniques), and presents the development of the green sector as a way to phase out nuclear

  16. 31 CFR 206.3 - Billing policy and procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Billing policy and procedures. 206.3 Section 206.3 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY...

  17. Active pollinator choice by Heliconia 'fits the bill'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bronstein, Judith L; Richman, Sarah K

    2015-07-01

    A new study documents that a tropical plant only reproduces when pollen has been deposited by a visitor capable of extracting nectar from its deep flowers. Large, long-billed hummingbirds generally carry greater quantities of, and more genetically diverse, pollen. Thus, plants can exert more active partner choice than previously considered possible. PMID:25941136

  18. 12 CFR 226.13 - Billing error resolution. 27

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., 12 CFR 205.11 governing error resolution rather than those of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (e), (f), and... account, the creditor shall comply with the requirements of Regulation E, 12 CFR 205.11 governing error... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Billing error resolution. 27 226.13 Section...

  19. Fertility awareness in the 1990s--the Billings Ovulation Method of natural family planning, its scientific basis, practical application and effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hume, K

    1991-01-01

    Early methods of natural family planning (calendar rhythm, basal body temperature, and symptothermal) are briefly mentioned and dismissed as unsatisfactory for fertility regulation at our present state of knowledge of female reproductive physiology. Cervical mucus patterns, which reflect ovarian hormone levels, are shown to be accurate markers of the fertile and infertile phases of a woman's menstrual cycle. Interpretation of these patterns forms the basis of the Billings Ovulation Method of natural family planning. Extensive laboratory and clinical studies have shown this method to be on a sound scientific footing, that it is applicable to all phases of a woman's reproductive life, and that women readily understand and are able to teach other women the meaning of these patterns as experienced by changing sensations at the vulva and changing characteristics of any visible mucus. The simple rules which have been formulated for postponing and achieving pregnancy are given. Field trials of this non-invasive method for fertility regulation in both developing and developed countries show that the rules are readily understood by participants. In the most recent trials, it has been shown that the method-related pregnancy rate is less than 1 per 100 woman years, which compares more than favorably with other contraceptive techniques. PMID:1950726

  20. Portable XRF and principal component analysis for bill characterization in forensic science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appoloni, C R; Melquiades, F L

    2014-02-01

    Several modern techniques have been applied to prevent counterfeiting of money bills. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the potential of Portable X-ray Fluorescence (PXRF) technique and the multivariate analysis method of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for classification of bills in order to use it in forensic science. Bills of Dollar, Euro and Real (Brazilian currency) were measured directly at different colored regions, without any previous preparation. Spectra interpretation allowed the identification of Ca, Ti, Fe, Cu, Sr, Y, Zr and Pb. PCA analysis separated the bills in three groups and subgroups among Brazilian currency. In conclusion, the samples were classified according to its origin identifying the elements responsible for differentiation and basic pigment composition. PXRF allied to multivariate discriminate methods is a promising technique for rapid and no destructive identification of false bills in forensic science. PMID:24393811