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Sample records for billings braco rio

  1. Assessment of metal concentrations in sediment samples from Billings Reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao de metais em amostras de sedimento do Reservatorio Billings, Braco Rio Grande, Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bostelmann, Eleine

    2006-07-01

    The present study chemically characterized sediment samples from the Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, in the Metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, by determining metal concentration and other elements of interest. The chosen chemical parameters for this characterization were Aluminum, Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Copper, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Selenium and Zinco. These parameters are also used in the water quality index, with the exception of Selenium. The concentrations were determined through different analytical techniques such as atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS, GFAAS and CVAAS), optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) and neutron activation analysis. These analytical methodologies were assessed for precision, accuracy and detection and/or quantification limits for the sediment elements in question. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique for each element and its concentration were also discussed. From these assessments the most adequate technique was selected for the routine analysis of sediment samples for each element concentration determination. This assessment verified also that digestion in a closed microwave system with nitric acid is efficient for the evaluation of extracted metals of environmental interest. The analytical techniques chosen were equally efficient for metals determination. In the case of Cd and Pb, the FAAS technique was selected due to better results than ICP OES, as it does not present matrix interference. The concentration values obtained for metals As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) TEL and PEL values. (author)

  2. Quadruplex-targeting anticancer drug BRACO-19 voltammetric and AFM characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quadruplex-targeting anticancer drug BRACO-19 adsorption and redox behaviour were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) on a highly oriented pyrolytic graphite surface and by cyclic, differential pulse and square-wave voltammetry at a glassy carbon electrode. The AFM and voltammetric results demonstrated that the BRACO-19 orientation and strong adsorption, with the acridine aromatic core parallel or perpendicular to the carbon electrode surface depending on solution pH, directly influences the peak potentials and redox behaviour. BRACO-19 oxidation was a complex, pH-dependent, four-step electrode process. The first oxidation step was reversible, the second, third and fourth oxidation steps irreversible, and an electroactive irreversibly oxidized BRACO-19 oxidation product was formed. BRACO-19 reduction occurred in two irreversible, pH-independent steps. The proposed redox mechanisms are related to the pyrrolidine and acridine moieties

  3. Assessment of metal concentrations in sediment samples from Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study chemically characterized sediment samples from the Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, in the Metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, by determining metal concentration and other elements of interest. The chosen chemical parameters for this characterization were Aluminum, Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Copper, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Selenium and Zinc. These parameters are also used in the water quality index, with the exception of Selenium. The concentrations were determined through different analytical techniques such as atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS, GFAAS and CVAAS), optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) and neutron activation analysis. These analytical methodologies were assessed for precision, accuracy and detection and/or quantification limits for the sediment elements in question. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique for each element and its concentration were also discussed. From these assessment the most adequate technique was selected for the routine analysis of sediment samples for each element concentration determination. This assessment verified also that digestion in a closed microwave system with nitric acid is efficient for the evaluation of extracted metals of environmental interest. The analytical techniques chosen were equally efficient for metals determination. In the case of Cd and Pb, the FAAS technique was selected due to better results than ICP OES, as it does not present matrix interference. The concentration values obtained for metals As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) TEL and PEL values. (author)

  4. Assessment of metal concentrations in sediment samples from Billings Reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study chemically characterized sediment samples from the Billings reservoir, Rio Grande tributary, in the Metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, by determining metal concentration and other elements of interest. The chosen chemical parameters for this characterization were Aluminum, Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Copper, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Selenium and Zinco. These parameters are also used in the water quality index, with the exception of Selenium. The concentrations were determined through different analytical techniques such as atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS, GFAAS and CVAAS), optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) and neutron activation analysis. These analytical methodologies were assessed for precision, accuracy and detection and/or quantification limits for the sediment elements in question. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique for each element and its concentration were also discussed. From these assessments the most adequate technique was selected for the routine analysis of sediment samples for each element concentration determination. This assessment verified also that digestion in a closed microwave system with nitric acid is efficient for the evaluation of extracted metals of environmental interest. The analytical techniques chosen were equally efficient for metals determination. In the case of Cd and Pb, the FAAS technique was selected due to better results than ICP OES, as it does not present matrix interference. The concentration values obtained for metals As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) TEL and PEL values. (author)

  5. Determination of metals in water from Billings dam, Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Talita; Sarkis, Jorge E.S.; Ulrich, Joao C.; Yamaguishi, Renata Bazante, E-mail: taoliveira@ipen.br, E-mail: jesarkis@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Menezes, Luciana Carvalho Bezerra de; Castro, Paula Maria Genova de; Monteiro Junior, Adalberto Jose; Maruyama, Lidia Sumile, E-mail: lcbm@usp.br [Instituto de Pesca, (IP/SAA-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Secretaria da Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de Sao Paulo

    2013-07-01

    The Billings reservoir, located in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is used for several purposes such as: water supply, electric generation, fishing and leisure. Although considered an area of environmental protection, in recent years the dam has suffered diverse environmental aggressions including the release of toxic metals. This study presents a recent evaluation of metal contents along the Dam. Samples were collected every three months during the period of winter 2009 to summer 2010. Samples were collected in thirteen points along of the dam, as follows: Rio dos Porcos (Point 1), Summit Control (Point 2), Ilha do Bigua (Point 3), Casa Caida (Point 4), Barragem (Point 5), Foz de Taquacetuba (Point 6), Braco Borore (Point 7), Foz de Borore (Point 8), Alvarenga (Point 9), Pedreira (Point 10), Borore's Margin (Point 11), Capivari I's Margin (Point 12) and Capivari II's Margin (Point 13). The determination of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn was performed by using high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (HR-ICPMS). The methodology has been validated using certified reference material Riverine Water Reference Material for Trace Metals provided by National Research Council Canada (NRCC). The sampling points located in the Pedreira, Borore's Margin, Alvarenga, Barragem Taquacetuba, Casa Caida e Ilha do Bigua presented the highest concentrations. The level for Fe, Cu and Ni were higher than the ones reported in the literature and above the limit set by CONAMA 2914/201. (author)

  6. Determination of metals in water from Billings dam, Sao Paulo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Billings reservoir, located in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is used for several purposes such as: water supply, electric generation, fishing and leisure. Although considered an area of environmental protection, in recent years the dam has suffered diverse environmental aggressions including the release of toxic metals. This study presents a recent evaluation of metal contents along the Dam. Samples were collected every three months during the period of winter 2009 to summer 2010. Samples were collected in thirteen points along of the dam, as follows: Rio dos Porcos (Point 1), Summit Control (Point 2), Ilha do Bigua (Point 3), Casa Caida (Point 4), Barragem (Point 5), Foz de Taquacetuba (Point 6), Braco Borore (Point 7), Foz de Borore (Point 8), Alvarenga (Point 9), Pedreira (Point 10), Borore's Margin (Point 11), Capivari I's Margin (Point 12) and Capivari II's Margin (Point 13). The determination of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn was performed by using high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (HR-ICPMS). The methodology has been validated using certified reference material Riverine Water Reference Material for Trace Metals provided by National Research Council Canada (NRCC). The sampling points located in the Pedreira, Borore's Margin, Alvarenga, Barragem Taquacetuba, Casa Caida e Ilha do Bigua presented the highest concentrations. The level for Fe, Cu and Ni were higher than the ones reported in the literature and above the limit set by CONAMA 2914/201. (author)

  7. Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of water quality in Rio das Pedras reservoir (Billings Complex, São Paulo State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Moschini-Carlos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar em escalas espacial (vertical e horizontal e temporal as características limnológicas do Reservatório Rio das Pedras (Complexo Billings, São Bernardo do Campo, SP – Brasil. Nos meses de março e outubro de 2004 foram amostradas em perfil três estações no reservatório. As variáveis analisadas foram: temperatura, condutividade elétrica e pH, com sonda multiparâmetros; concentrações de amônio, nitrito, nitrato, fosfato, ortosilicato, fósforo total, clorofila-a e feofitina, por método espectrofotométrico; oxigênio dissolvido por método titulométrico; além das concentrações de sólidos totais e material em suspensão. Para análise estatística dos dados foi aplicada a ACP (Análise de Componentes Principais. A heterogeneidade temporal observada foi conseqüência das diferenças de temperatura, que geraram estratificação térmica, química e biológica, no mês de março. As diferenças espaciais verticais também resultaram da estratificação térmica. As maiores discrepâncias das características limnológicas, em relação ao padrão de distribuição espacial horizontal, foram obtidas na estação 1, e são diretamente relacionadas à influência das águas provenientes do reservatório Billings. De acordo com a CONAMA 357/05, para o mês de outubro de 2004 as águas do reservatório estão em conformidade com a Classe 3. Para o mês de março, na estação 3 os valores estão abaixo do estabelecido, conferindo não conformidade para a Classe 3.

  8. Heterogeneidade espacial e temporal da qualidade da água no reservatório Rio das Pedras (Complexo Billings, São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Moschini-Carlos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to evaluate spatial and temporal patterns of limnological characteristics of the Rio das Pedras Reservoir (Billings Complex, São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo – Brazil. Profile samples were taken at three stations during two periods (March and October, 2004. The variables analyzed were: temperature, electrical conductivity, pH, with multiparameter probe; concentration of ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate, orthosilicate, total phosphorus, chlorophyll-a and phaeophytin, by spectrophotometric method; dissolved oxygen by titrimetric method; beyond concentrations of total solids and suspended material. PCA (Principal Components Analyses was applied for the statistical analyses. The temporal heterogeneity observed was a consequence of differences in temperature observed in the month of March, which generated thermal, chemical and biological stratification. The vertical spatial differences also resulted from the thermal stratification. The largest discrepancies in the limnological characteristics, in relation to the pattern of horizontal spatial distribution, were obtained in station 1, and are directly related to the influence of the incoming waters of the Billings reservoir. According to CONAMA 357/05, for the month of October, 2004, the waters of the reservoir were in accordance with Class 3. In March, the values for station 3 were below the standards established, indicating non-conformity with Class 3.

  9. Challenges for the Management of Cells and Batteries After Use: Nomination of Bill on E-Waste in the City of Rio Claro - SP

    OpenAIRE

    Maíra Rubini Ruiz; Rui Alexandre Christofoletti; Luana Ianara Rubini Ruiz; Edival Lopes da Silva

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present both the political and educational actions that are the major subjects of bill on management of batteries in Rio Claro city, SP, Brazil. While the political actions refer to the furthering of a bill approved recently in the local Youth Parliament  for presentation in the Board of Aldermen, the educational actions relate to the creation of an environmental education program to orient the disposal of batteries at the municipal level. The National Policy o...

  10. Challenges for the Management of Cells and Batteries After Use: Nomination of Bill on E-Waste in the City of Rio Claro - SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maíra Rubini Ruiz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present both the political and educational actions that are the major subjects of bill on management of batteries in Rio Claro city, SP, Brazil. While the political actions refer to the furthering of a bill approved recently in the local Youth Parliament  for presentation in the Board of Aldermen, the educational actions relate to the creation of an environmental education program to orient the disposal of batteries at the municipal level. The National Policy on Solid Waste (Law 12,305 passed in 2010 introduced mechanisms to accomplish the shared responsibility for the lifecycle of batteries (and other products and reverse logistics. This law classified batteries into the category of toxic waste. The study that supported the writing of the bill included an analysis of the existing public and private initiatives on batteries´ collection in Rio Claro seeking treatment in major urban centers having the reverse logistics as a premise. In recognition of the importance of the environmental education program, the local Education Secretariat, supported by Sepladema, has defined a schedule for the lectures to be given in public schools. In addition, an application claiming for reforms in the existing public ecopoints was submitted and approved in the Youth Parliament and forwarded for further approval by Sepladema.

  11. Limnological evaluation of water in the Rio Grande and Taquacetuba branches of the Billings Complex (São Paulo, Brazil and management implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Pompêo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The large population contingent and the precarious urban planning in the metropolitan region of São Paulo have resulted in uncontrolled growth in areas where springs exist, generating strong pressures on the reservoirs. Concomitantly, a lack of articulation between public and private policy has led to various socio-environmental conflicts in the Billings watershed. This spring, which is responsible for the direct and indirect supply of water to millions of people, represents an enormous challenge for water resource management. In this context, this study aimed to analyze the seasonal limnological conditions of the Billings Complex, in particular the Rio Grande and Taquacetuba branches, and discuss the implications for the management procedure applied in the branches. Physical (water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, suspended material, organic and inorganic suspended material chemical (dissolved oxygen, total phosphorus and nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite, ammonium and inorganic phosphorus and biological (chlorophyll-a variables of the water were analyzed and the Trophic State Index was calculated. The results indicate a hypertrophic state in the Taquacetuba branch. The Rio Grande branch presented a mesotrophic state which is, however, artificially maintained due to copper sulfate and hydrogen peroxide treatments. The results are also discussed in light of CONAMA Resolution 357/2005. Levels of chlorophyll-a and total phosphorous in the Taquacetuba branch do not conform to the proposed class of use, class I. In this branch, monitoring must be intensified and measures adopted to reduce the level of nutrients in the main body of the Billings complex.

  12. Assessment of major and trace elements in sediment samples from Billings Dam, Rio Grande reservoir, by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Rio Grande Reservoir, Southeast of the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area (SPMA), supplies water for four counties (Sao Bernardo do Campo, Sao Caetano do Sul, Santo Andre and Diadema). It has been seriously affected by urban expansion, due to chaotic urban occupation and improper use of the surrounding areas. In this study cores and bottom sediment samples were collected, by using a piston corer and Van Veen samplers, respectively, during the dry season (May to August, 2004). The Van Veen sampler collected 3 samples of 50 cm from each other in a triangle around the point where the piston corer sample was collected. These 3 samples constituted a composed sample. Each of the four piston corer samples were sliced resulting in 4 samples each: 0-5, 5-10, 10-20 and 20-30 cm deep. Four sampling points were defined by using a GPS and are located at the mouth of Rio Grande and Ribeirao Pires Rivers (discharge of contaminants - point 4), in the middle of the reservoir (points of depuration - point 3 and 2) and near the catchment point of the water supply (point 1). The sediment samples were submitted to instrumental neutron activation analysis and the following elements were determined: As, Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, Na, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U e Zn and the rare earth elements Ce, Eu, La, Lu, Nd, Sm, Tb, Yb. The methodology validation was carried out by certified reference material analyzes. As for the results obtained for these elements in the core samples, there was a significant variation concentration in the four sampling points, mainly for As and Cr at point 1. When we compared these values with ISQL and PEL from Environmental Canada (Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines) we observed that As and Cr levels are above PEL and TEL values, indicating a strong anthropogenic contribution. For the other sampling points high concentration values were observed for the majority of the elements analyzed as well. (author)

  13. Bill Maurer

    OpenAIRE

    Lauren Tooker

    2014-01-01

    Professor Bill Maurer is a renowned cultural anthropologist who conducts research on law, property, money and finance, focusing on the technological infrastructures and social relations of exchange and payment. Professor Maurer graduated from Stanford University in 1994 with a PhD in Anthropology. He moved to UC Irvine in 1996 as Assistant Professor, going on to become Chair of UC Irvine’s Department of Anthropology (2005-2011) and Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the Socia...

  14. Bill Maurer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren Tooker

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Professor Bill Maurer is a renowned cultural anthropologist who conducts research on law, property, money and finance, focusing on the technological infrastructures and social relations of exchange and payment. Professor Maurer graduated from Stanford University in 1994 with a PhD in Anthropology. He moved to UC Irvine in 1996 as Assistant Professor, going on to become Chair of UC Irvine’s Department of Anthropology (2005-2011 and Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the Social Sciences (2011-2013. In July 2013 he assumed his current role as Dean of UC Irvine’s School of Social Sciences. Professor Maurer has published on topics ranging from offshore financial services to mobile phone-enabled money transfers, Islamic finance, alternative currencies, and the future of money. He is founding director of the Institute for Money, Technology and Financial Inclusion, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and was the founding co-director of the Intel Science and Technology Center in Social Computing. He is the editor of six collections, as well as the author of Recharting the Caribbean: Land, Law and Citizenship in the British Virgin Islands (1997, Pious Property: Islamic Mortgages in the United States (2006, and Mutual Life, Limited: Islamic Banking, Alternative Currencies, Lateral Reason (2005. The latter received the Victor Turner Prize in 2005. Professor Maurer visited the University of Warwick in September 2014 under the auspices of Warwick’s Global Governance GRP.

  15. The fallacy of "equal treatment" in Brazil's bill of rights for internet users A falácia da "igualdade de tratamento" na carta brasileira de direitos dos usuários da internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gregory Sidak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The "Brazilian bill of rights for internet users," or "marco civil," has been under consideration at the brazilian congress since 2011. Marco civil's provisions for network neutrality have been particularly controversial. Proponents of network neutrality in Brazil advocate for the "equal treatment" of all data packets, including banning internet service providers from offering to content providers the option to purchase enhanced quality of service in the delivery of data packets. These network neutrality rules conflict with the other goals and principles of marco civil-particularly goals to promote internet access, to foster innovation, and to protect the constitutional right of freedom of speech and the free flow of information.A "carta Brasileira de direitos dos usuários da internet," ou "marco civil," tramita no congresso Brasileiro desde 2011. As disposições do marco civil relativas à neutralidade de rede são particularmente controversas. Os defensores da neutralidade de rede no Brasil advogam pela "igualdade de tratamento" de todos os pacotes de dados, inclusive proibindo que provedores de serviço de acesso à internet ofereçam aos provedores de conteúdo a opção de adquirir uma melhor qualidade de serviço na entrega de pacotes de dados. Essas disposições relativas à neutralidade de rede conflitam com outros objetivos e princípios do marco civil - especialmente os objetivos de promover o acesso à internet, promover a inovação, e garantir o direito constitucional de liberdade de expressão e informação.

  16. Understanding your hospital bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... language. If you find a mistake, ask the billing department to correct the error. Keep a record ... the help you need, consider hiring a medical-billing advocate. Advocates charge an hourly fee or a ...

  17. Errors in energy bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On request, the Dutch Association for Energy, Environment and Water (VEMW) checks the energy bills for her customers. It appeared that in the year 2000 many small, but also big errors were discovered in the bills of 42 businesses

  18. Ontario electricity bill review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Findings of an independent review of charges to electricity bills and recommendations to assist in the development of a standard, province-wide residential electricity bill for Ontario are discussed. The review was requested by the province's Minister of Energy in an effort to dispel growing confusion about the variations in customer billing practices used by the province's 90+ local distribution companies. Key recommendations and findings were as follows: (1)Consumer bill formats issued by local distribution companies should be more consumer-friendly, adhere to minimum design standards, adapt uniform terminology and common line charges; (2) charges on customer bills should be grouped into four standard line items, with full details available to customers: the four line items should be a basic service charge, a charge for delivering electricity to the customer, a charge for the electricity itself, and a separate charge for retiring the outstanding debt of the former Ontario Hydro; (3) bills should take advantage of opportunities for promoting province-wide energy conservation, such as encouraging the long-term use of interval meters, presenting historical consumption data on residential bills on a period-to-period basis, and education and communications initiatives. Details of the recommendations, including the calculation of the fixed and variable components of usage charges, an explanation of the concept of electricity system loss adjustments, a method for phasing in the recommendations, and the anticipated benefits to consumers are provided

  19. Badali recommends simplified bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report on the variety of retail electricity bills across the province, authored by Salvatore Badali of Deloitte Consulting, was recently released by the Ontario Government. The report was commissioned by the Government to examine the underlying reasons for the significant format differences and the wide variation of fixed and variable charges among the approximately 95 local electricity distribution companies across the province. Regarding the appropriateness of the charges the report recommends common definitions for local distribution company (LDC) fixed and variable costs, and consideration of options for reducing LDC charges, mainly by consolidating the sector and sharing such services as customer billing, accounting and out sourcing operations. Seven recommendations deal with bill simplification. These include bills that are clear and easy to read and provide sufficient information for consumers to verify charges; promote energy conservation, e.g. by including historical information; allow comparisons between retail suppliers and distributors; accommodate revenue collection, marketing needs and other billing services. The report also recommends clearly defined and consistently used terminology for standardized line items, suggests ways to provide consumer information in a form useful for making energy conservation decisions, development of an LDC scorecard to enable stake holders to compare their own LDCs with LDCs around the province, creation of a conservation and bill calculation website, consideration of further use of shared services, and solutions to address the removal of line losses from invoices

  20. Fundred Dollar Bill Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Mary

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the Fundred Dollar Bill Project which is an innovative artwork made of millions of drawings. This creative collective action is intended to support Operation Paydirt, an extraordinary art/science project uniting three million children with educators, scientists, healthcare professionals, designers, urban planners, engineers,…

  1. Atomic Energy Authority Bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the third reading of the Atomic Energy Authority Bill the following matters were discussed: safety research and thermal reactor work - how funded when the Authority is operating on trading fund basis; future financial framework of the Authority; capital investment; loans; effect of change on Authority employees. (U.K.)

  2. Senate approves global warming bill; House bill introduced

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article examines the Senate approved global warming bill and its impact to the Department of Energy (DOE) and the power industry. The bill requires stabilization or reduction of the greenhouse gases produced by the United States by the year 2005. DOE is required to develop a least-cost national energy strategy. A similar bill has been introduced into the House

  3. Controle sanitário da propaganda de bebidas alcoólicas no Brasil: estudo dos projetos de lei de 1988 a 2004 Sanitary control of alcohol advertisement in Brazil: a study of the law bills from 1988 to 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Cristina Lopes Falcão

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa as propostas de projetos de lei para o controle sanitário da propaganda de bebidas alcoólicas nos meios de comunicação de massa, apresentados ao Congresso Nacional entre 1988 e 2004. Inserido em um debate de natureza ético-política, o controle sanitário dessa propaganda é uma questão controversa, pois os interesses pela proteção da saúde se confrontam com os interesses comerciais mesmo ante as evidências científicas de que o consumo crescente de álcool é um problema social e de saúde no mundo contemporâneo. Realizou-se a análise de conteúdo de 67 documentos, na qual se mostra que as propostas formuladas, majoritariamente, apresentam-se como estratégias de enfrentamento a essa propaganda, procurando desvincular valores associados ao produto que interferem na construção da identidade social de crianças e adolescentes e limitar o conteúdo das mensagens veiculadas nos meios de comunicação de massa, dado que este segmento está mais vulnerável. O estudo evidencia complexos desafios para o controle da propaganda, que implicam repensar a própria atuação do Estado ante esse relevante problema de Saúde Pública.This study analyses law bills towards the sanitary control of alcohol advertisement in the mass media presented to the Brazilian Congress from 1988 to 2004. The sanitary control of this advertising is a controversial issue bringing about an ethical-political debate in which the health-protecting interests conflict with commercial ones even after scientific evidence has established increasing alcohol intake as a health and social issue worldwide. The content analysis of 67 of such law bills was carried out, and these proposals were shown to consist mostly of strategies to both cope with alcohol advertising by dissociating from the product those values that might interfere with the children and teenagers' building of their social identity and limit advertisement contents in the mass media given the

  4. Coal Industry Bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Privatization of the British hardcoal mining industry enters into the final stage. The statutory basis will be created by the 'Coal Industry Bill' being discussed at present in Parliament and which will probably be signed by the Queen in summer 1994 and then become a law. The 'Coal Industry Bill' stipulates in detail in which way British Coal will be dissolved and which competences will be transferred to the newly created coal authority. The allocation of powers and responsibilities to successor organizations will be determined as well as the role of the state for e.g. pension and concessionary commitments. Another important subject is the distribution of the charges for mining damages, and reclamation and environmental protection. (orig.)

  5. Atomic Weapons Establishment Bill [Money

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The debate concerns the authorisation of payment of the money required to reorganise the atomic weapons establishment in the United Kingdom provided for in the Atomic Weapons Establishment Bill in progress through Parliament. In the Bill the contractorisation of the establishment is recommended and some sort of Government owned company operated scheme set up. The debate lasted about half an hour and is reported verbatim. The issues raised concerned the actual sums likely to be incurred in the formation of a Company to carry out the designated activities of the Bill. These are connected with the research, development, production or maintenance of nuclear devices and the premises needed. The government spokesman suggested the sums required to support the Bill would not be large and the resolution was agreed to without a vote. (UK)

  6. Patients Bill of Rights Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Reducing Costs, Protecting Consumers - The Affordable Care Act on the One Year Anniversary of the Patients Bill of Rights For too long, too many hard working...

  7. 7 CFR 91.42 - Billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Billing. 91.42 Section 91.42 Agriculture Regulations... AND GENERAL INFORMATION Fees and Charges § 91.42 Billing. (a) Each billing cycle will end on the 25th... Financial Information System (FFIS) on the 1st day, following the end of the billing cycle in...

  8. 25 CFR 175.30 - Billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Billing. 175.30 Section 175.30 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.30 Billing. (a) Metered customers. The utility shall render bills at monthly...

  9. Senate passes clean air bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    In an 89 to 11 vote the Senate passed a clean air bill aimed at reducing pollution by the turn of the century by imposing tougher controls on American industry. The bill is the first revision of the Clean Air Act of 1970 in 13 years and calls for new limits on auto pollution to clean up smog in most U.S. cities, decreasing by half emissions by power plants that cause acid rain to protect the ecology, and increasing technological controls on factories to protect against cancer-causing and toxic substances. The bill will add about $20 billion per year to the estimated $33 billion cost of complying with current pollution laws.

  10. Atomic Energy Bill (second reading)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bill contains a number of unrelated proposals. The first would increase the financial limit imposed on British Nuclear Fuels plc by Acts of Parliament to Pound 2,000 million in line with current investment plans. The second would enable the Health and Safety Executive to recover the costs of nuclear safety research which it sponsors, from nuclear site licensees and applicants for licences. The next two proposals make minor technical amendments to the rules on insurance cover for meeting third party compensation claims in the event of nuclear incidents. Finally, the Bill would enable the United Kingdom to ratify the International Convention on Assistance in the case of nuclear accident or radiological emergency (mutual assistance convention). The Bill was debated for half an hour and is reported verbatim. In particular the financing of the Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant at BNFL's Sellafield site was discussed. Questions on vitrification of radioactive wastes were raised. (U.K.)

  11. Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) (Amendment) Bill 2016: Legislative Bill

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Rock, Noel

    2016-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament). An Act to amend sections 49 and 51 of the Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) Act 2013 to ensure the powers exercised by the Central Bank of Ireland to make regu...

  12. Rio+20

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Horn

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This reflection on Rio+20 examines many of the major social institutions and how they fulfilled their functions during the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development at Rio. The institutions are: 1. Nation-states as a collective. 2. Individual nation-states. 3. Vanguard institutions (some NGOs. 4. Action and convening NGOs. 5. Global media. 6. Governments of nation-states acting domestically 7. Individual governments in bilateral and multilateral situations. 8. Similar institutions in different countries acting together. 9. Businesses. 10. Global science. Each is considered within the assumptions of what the society expects them to deliver (in general, what is possible for them to deliver, and what they did deliver at Rio. In approaching Rio+20, our account differs considerably from much of the reportage by the mainstream media.

  13. France's energy bill in 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article comments the important increase of France's energy bill in relationship with oil prices and dollar value fluctuations during 2008. It discusses the explosion in oil prices before the financial crisis and their subsequent evolution, and the evolutions of other energies' prices (natural gas, coal, electricity). Tables and graphs are given on various indicators: average monthly oil price expressed in euros and in dollars, gas spot price, annual average quotations for different crude oil prices, annual average imported oil price, and annual average imported and exported energy prices. It comments the global decrease of energy imports, their evolutions since 2006 with respect to the supplying country. It analyses the energy bill's evolution for oil and gas, discusses its importance with respect to France's GDP, and assesses it in terms of worked days for each inhabitant. Tables contain data indicating, for 2007 and 2008, the levels of imports, exports, and of the resulting bill for the different products (mineral fuels, crude oil, refined oil products, gas), and also give a comparison between the energy bill and other economic aggregates

  14. France's energy bill in 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article comments the slight decrease of the French energy bill in 2007 and its evolution since 1970, as well as the energy price fluctuations during 2007. While noticing the importance of the dollar fall, the authors discuss the evolution of oil product prices and its different indicators (crude oil annual average quotation, Brent annual average quotation, and imported oil annual average price), the evolution of natural gas prices, of coal prices, of electricity prices. The global decrease of energy imports is then discussed, including quantities of imported crude oil from various origins, refined products, gas from various origins as well, solid mineral fuels. The balance between exports and imports is commented as a whole, and with some particular countries, enabling an assessment of energy independence. The bill evolution for oil and for gas is briefly discussed, and the global value is assessed with respect to the French GDP or as an amount of work days for French inhabitants. Several graphs and tables are given, gathering several data which have been discussed: energy trade (imports, exports, and bill), comparison of bill with other economic aggregates, average prices of imported energy expressed in dollars and in euros, average price of imported crude oil, etc

  15. Bill Clinton kaotas tuumakoodikaardi / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2010-01-01

    Oma mälestusteraamatus kirjutab president Bill Clintoni ametiajal staabiülemate ühendkomiteed juhtinud kindral Hugh Shelton, et ühel hetkel olid president Bill Clintonil tuumakohvri kasutamiseks vajalikud koodid mitu kuud kadunud

  16. Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) (Amendment) Bill 2016: Legislative Bill

    OpenAIRE

    Butler, Graham; Rock, Noel

    2016-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament).An Act to amend sections 49 and 51 of the Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) Act 2013 to ensure the powers exercised by the Central Bank of Ireland to make regulations, conferred by the Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) Act 2013 are fit for purpose; and to provide for related matters.

  17. 48 CFR 42.704 - Billing rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing rates. 42.704... CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES Indirect Cost Rates 42.704 Billing rates. (a) The contracting... final indirect cost rates also shall be responsible for determining the billing rates. (b)...

  18. 46 CFR 296.40 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing procedures. 296.40 Section 296.40 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS MARITIME SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP) Billing and Payment Procedures § 296.40 Billing...

  19. 23 CFR 140.922 - Billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... written agreement under 23 CFR 646.218(c). (b) The company shall provide one final and complete billing of... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Billings. 140.922 Section 140.922 Highways FEDERAL... Railroad Work § 140.922 Billings. (a) After the executed State-Railroad Agreement has been approved by...

  20. 48 CFR 942.704 - Billing rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... auditor responsible for establishing billing rates, in accordance with 48 CFR 42.704, has not established... by 48 CFR 42.704, such rates shall be adopted by the contracting officer and all billings and... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing rates....

  1. 34 CFR 674.43 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Billing procedures. 674.43 Section 674.43 Education..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM Due Diligence § 674.43 Billing procedures. (a) The term billing procedures, as used in this subpart, includes that series of actions routinely performed to...

  2. 41 CFR 101-26.607 - Billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Billings. 101-26.607...-Procurement Sources Other Than GSA § 101-26.607 Billings. Unless other arrangements have been made between the Defense Logistics Agency and the requisitioning activity, billings for sales will be rendered at...

  3. 12 CFR 607.9 - Reimbursable billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursable billings. 607.9 Section 607.9 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ASSESSMENT AND APPORTIONMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES § 607.9 Reimbursable billings. The FCA shall bill the amounts due for services to...

  4. Bill Gates vil redde Folkeskolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fejerskov, Adam Moe

    2014-01-01

    Det amerikanske uddannelsessystem bliver for tiden udsat for hård kritik, ledt an af Microsoft stifteren Bill Gates. Gates har indtil videre brugt 3 mia. kroner på at skabe opbakning til tiltag som præstationslønning af lærere og strømlining af pensum på tværs af alle skoler i landet...

  5. Guaranteed energy bills for homes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent developments from the company that established the UK's National Home Energy Rating schemes are reported. The extension into social housing has proved highly popular and an energy cost guarantee which guarantees the main heating and hot water bill of a home will not exceed a pre-specified level, with a cash refund if it does, has been developed for the home occupier market. (UK)

  6. 2003 energy bill of France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 2003 energy bill of France shows a 4.7% increase (22.71 billions of euros) after 2 years of decay (-5.5% in 2002 and -2.5% in 2001). It represents 1.47% of the total gross domestic product (1.43% in 2002), a level comparable with the one of 1987. The rise of the bill comes from the net gas imports (+9.1%) and the drop of net power exports (-21.6%), while the petroleum bill remains stable (+0.2%). In 2003, the energy imports and exports represented 30.68 billions of euros (+3.5% with respect to 2002) and 7.97 billions of euros (+0.2%) respectively. In the detail, energy prices have changed in a very contrasted way: strong rise of crude oil prices (+16.8%) and imported gas prices (+29.9%). On the other hand, the price of exported electricity shows a -7.6% decay. The quantity import balance shows a 2.8% decay under the opposite effects of: the 1.1% decay of the end-use consumption, the strong 2003 coal and gas de-storage following a stronger 2002 storage, the rise of the domestic primary power generation, and the colder 2003 climate. (J.S.)

  7. 42 CFR 408.62 - Initial and subsequent billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Initial and subsequent billings. 408.62 Section 408....62 Initial and subsequent billings. (a) Monthly billing. (1) The first premium bill is for the period...) through the end of the first month after the month of billing. (2) Subsequent billings are for periods...

  8. Sharing China's Bank Restructuring Bill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guonan Ma

    2006-01-01

    This paper addresses the questions related to the cost of China's bank restructuring and how it has been financed. We first propose a framework for recognizing losses. Then, we examine the recent major moves by the Chinese Government to repair the country's bank balance sheets. Finally, we explore the implications of the Chinese Government's methods of funding bank restructuring. We find that the Chinese Government has been decisive in confronting the costly task of bank restructuring. So far, Chinese taxpayers have paid most of the bill for bank restructuring.

  9. Controle sanitário da propaganda de bebidas alcoólicas no Brasil: estudo dos projetos de lei de 1988 a 2004 Sanitary control of alcohol advertisement in Brazil: a study of the law bills from 1988 to 2004

    OpenAIRE

    Isa Cristina Lopes Falcão; Maria Ligia Rangel-S

    2010-01-01

    Este estudo analisa as propostas de projetos de lei para o controle sanitário da propaganda de bebidas alcoólicas nos meios de comunicação de massa, apresentados ao Congresso Nacional entre 1988 e 2004. Inserido em um debate de natureza ético-política, o controle sanitário dessa propaganda é uma questão controversa, pois os interesses pela proteção da saúde se confrontam com os interesses comerciais mesmo ante as evidências científicas de que o consumo crescente de álcool é um problema social...

  10. 20 CFR 10.335 - How are medical bills submitted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are medical bills submitted? 10.335... AMENDED Medical and Related Benefits Medical Bills § 10.335 How are medical bills submitted? Usually, medical providers submit bills directly to OWCP. The rules for submitting and paying bills are stated...

  11. 47 CFR 64.2401 - Truth-in-Billing Requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Truth-in-Billing Requirements. 64.2401 Section... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS Truth-in-Billing Requirements for Common Carriers § 64.2401 Truth-in-Billing Requirements. (a) Bill organization. Telephone bills shall be...

  12. 47 CFR 1.1121 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing procedures. 1.1121 Section 1.1121 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Schedule of Statutory Charges and Procedures for Payment § 1.1121 Billing procedures. (a) The fees required for the...

  13. Modeling and Managing Risk in Billing Infrastructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baiardi, Fabrizio; Telmon, Claudio; Sgandurra, Daniele

    This paper discusses risk modeling and risk management in information and communications technology (ICT) systems for which the attack impact distribution is heavy tailed (e.g., power law distribution) and the average risk is unbounded. Systems with these properties include billing infrastructures used to charge customers for services they access. Attacks against billing infrastructures can be classified as peripheral attacks and backbone attacks. The goal of a peripheral attack is to tamper with user bills; a backbone attack seeks to seize control of the billing infrastructure. The probability distribution of the overall impact of an attack on a billing infrastructure also has a heavy-tailed curve. This implies that the probability of a massive impact cannot be ignored and that the average impact may be unbounded - thus, even the most expensive countermeasures would be cost effective. Consequently, the only strategy for managing risk is to increase the resilience of the infrastructure by employing redundant components.

  14. INVESTING FORMULA ENFORCEABLE BILL OF EXCHANGE, PROMISSORY NOTES AND CHECK

    OpenAIRE

    SILVIA - ELENA OLARU

    2011-01-01

    Right bills constituted a proper, solemn and formal training both bills of exchange, promissory notes or checks, but also in terms of bills receivable realization and autonomy is manifested in the sphere of application, and in priority and exclusivity of its incidence from common law, namely the Civil Procedure Code. Legal rules relating to bills of rights realization is a perfect rigorous regime. The special regime, derogating governing procedure execution quality bills is justified and bill...

  15. Bill McSweeney: a remembrance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pediatric radiologists (both SPR and ESPR) are a family growing in numbers. When founders such as John Caffey, Ed Neuhauser and Jacques Le Febvre died, we grieved while remembering them fondly. The death of Bill McSweeney from acute airway obstruction in August 1998 came as a shock. Yet Bill had been ill for many years. His once promising effects of been cut short by the inexorable; devastating effects of Parkinson disease and the complications of this therapy. Most current SPR and ESPR members never knew Bill McSweeney. These remembrances are designed to correct that

  16. The energy bill for France in 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 1999 energy bill is characterized by a sharp increase of oil prices. This bill reached 76.8 milliard French francs (MFF), it represents a rise of 27% relatively to the previous year, this bill can be broken up into petroleum: 70.9 MFF (+34.5%), natural gas: 17.8 MFF (-3.8%), coal: 4.7 MFF (-7.9%), and electricity export: 16.7 MFF (+4.1%). In 1999 the energy expenses represented 0.87% of the gross national income. (A.C.)

  17. Rio report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the world-wide Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, two new legally binding documents were signed by over 140 countries: the Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity. These conventions will come into force when ratified by 50 and 30 countries respectively. The objectives of these conventions, the steps to be taken toward their compliance, and their implications for Canada are discussed. Since climatic change could bring about adverse effects such as water shortages and loss of permafrost, Canada has committed itself to a quick start toward compliance with preparation of a detailed national inventory of greenhouse gas emissions. The biodiversity convention could make it harder to develop hydropower in Canada at the same time that the climate change convention makes hydropower more attractive. Other documents from the Earth Summit included declarations on forestry management, sustainable development, and future conventions on desertification and fishing. Notable features of the summit included a refocusing of the environmental agenda to the priorities of the poorer countries, a recognition that environmental issues are linked to poverty and economic development, and an attack on the consumption patterns of the richer countries

  18. How to Bill Your Computer Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooskin, Herbert P.

    1981-01-01

    A computer facility billing procedure should be designed so that the full costs of a computer center operation are equitably charged to the users. Design criteria, costing methods, and management's role are discussed. (Author/MLF)

  19. Merchant marine nuclear insurance and indemnity bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text is presented of a bill to amend the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, to provide for public remuneration in the event of a nuclear incident involving a nuclear-powered United States flag merchant ship

  20. 49 CFR 377.205 - Presentation of freight bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Presentation of freight bills. 377.205 Section 377... Household Goods Freight Forwarders § 377.205 Presentation of freight bills. (a) “To be prepaid” shipments... freight bill or a group of freight bills presented at one time shall state that “failure timely to...

  1. 41 CFR 109-40.5003 - Commercial bills of lading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Commercial bills of lading. (a) DOE's cost-type contractors using commercial bills of lading in making... DOE c/o the cost-type contractor or by the contractor “for the DOE.” (d) Commercial bills of lading... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commercial bills...

  2. 42 CFR 424.540 - Deactivation of Medicare billing privileges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deactivation of Medicare billing privileges. 424... Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.540 Deactivation of Medicare billing privileges. (a) Reasons for deactivation. CMS may deactivate a provider or supplier's Medicare billing...

  3. 25 CFR 171.515 - Who will BIA bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who will BIA bill? 171.515 Section 171.515 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and Collections § 171.515 Who will BIA bill? (a) We will bill...

  4. 42 CFR 408.84 - Billing and payment procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and payment procedures. 408.84 Section 408... Billing and payment procedures. (a) Initial premium notice. (1) CMS or its agent always sends the initial... billings. Group premiums are billed on a monthly basis. However, the group payer may pay up to 12 months...

  5. Nuclear waste reform among first energy bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over 300 bills were introduced in the first week of the new Congress that convened in January, among them a bill aimed at correcting the government's seriously flawed nuclear waste storage program. The bill would required the Department of Energy (DOE) to provide an interim storage site for high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel at Yucca Mountain, Nevada no later than January 31, 1998. DOE says it will no be able to complete a permanent repository until 2010, and is not obligated to take possession on nuclear waste until a permanent repository is completed. The ever worsening problem prompted 14 utilities and 20 states to file separate lawsuits against the DOE to force the agency into accepting spent fuel. Utilities and ultimately consumers have paid over $8 billion into the Nuclear Waste Fund that is supposed to be used for a permanent repository, but the money has not been put to use yet. Spokesmen for the Nuclear Energy Institute and electric utilities feel that the bill is a step in the right direction and will begin the much needed reforms in the nuclear waste program. Other energy related bills in the 104th Congress are also discussed including the phasing out of funding for the Tennessee Valley Authority

  6. Who'll pay the electricity bill?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power will be protected from the vagaries of the free market by requiring the 12 privatised distribution companies to take around 15-20% of their power from non-fossil (i.e. nuclear) sources. The Electricity Bill also requires producers of fossil-fuelled electricity to charge a compulsory levy which will be used to finance the non-fossil quota. The extra cost of generating electricity by nuclear means compared with the alternatives will be recouped via the 'levy' after the new PWRs have come into operation. Producers of power which is neither nuclear nor fossil will not be required to make this levy, so renewable energies may gain a small competitive advantage. The financial implications of privatisation have not been fully clarified, especially regarding nuclear power with its associated expenses of radioactive waste disposal and decommissioning. Energy efficiency may be encouraged by the Bill, but competition may not result from the Bill. (author)

  7. Failed delivery and daily Treasury bill returns

    OpenAIRE

    Ramon P. DeGennaro; James T. Moser

    1990-01-01

    If the seller of a Treasury bill does not provide timely and correct delivery instructions to the clearing bank, the bank does not deliver the security. Further, the seller is not paid until this "failed delivery" is rectified. Since the purchase price is not changed, these "fails" generate interest-free loans from the seller to the buyer. ; This paper studies the effect of failed delivery on Treasury-bill prices. We find that investors bid prices to a premium to reflect the possibility of ob...

  8. Treasury Bill Auctions; Issues and Uses

    OpenAIRE

    Carlo Cottarelli; Leonardo Bartolini

    1994-01-01

    We review the main issues that arise in the design of treasury bill auctions and survey the relevant empirical literature. We also provide a detailed description of the actual design of these auctions in a sample of 42 industrial and developing countries.

  9. Electoral (Amendment) (Hours of Polling) Bill 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Hunt, Brian; Doyle, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament of Ireland). An Act to set voting hours for Dáil Elections, Dáil Bye-Elections, Presidential Elections, European Parliament Elections, Local Government Elections and Referenda ...

  10. Typical electric bills, January 1, 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Typical Electric Bills report is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration; Department of Energy. The publication is geared to a variety of applications by electric utilities, industry, consumes, educational institutions, and government in recognition of the growing importance of energy planning in contemporary society. 19 figs., 18 tabs

  11. 2004 energy bill of the France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document analyzes the energy bill in France (28,35 milliards of euros), which increased of 24,1 % in 2004. This increase is due to the net imports and especially the fossil fuels. Statistical data and the presentation of Patrick Devedjian, delegated ministry for the Industry, illustrate this economic analysis. (A.L.B.)

  12. Is Bill Gates Getting Too Powerful?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑娟娟

    2004-01-01

    Plenty of technology genius lie awake nights anxiously wondering what Bill Gates is up to and how to grow up to be just like him. Microsoft, the company he heads, already owns the operating systems that run most of the world's personal computers. But good comput-

  13. Bill Gates,Head of Microsoft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐鸿钧

    2001-01-01

    As a teenager in 1972, Bill Gates once said that he would be a millionaire by the time he was 20. Only 15 years later he was a billionaire. And by 1992, as head of the Microsoft company,he became the richest man in America with assets(资产) ofabout US$ 6. 3 billion.

  14. 18 CFR 381.107 - Direct billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Direct billing. 381.107 Section 381.107 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT... the fee to the applicant to less than full cost recovery due to the presence of intervenors,...

  15. The GI Bill: Model Program Gone Sour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horan, J. Michael

    Millions of World War II veterans took advantage of the legislative drive establishing the Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944, the GI Bill. A Department of Veterans Affairs report examined how Vietnam veterans fared in higher education. Based on college participation rates (actually, training starts), not completion rates, Vietnam veterans…

  16. Ilmumised ja mediteerimised / Bill Viola ; interv. Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viola, Bill

    1998-01-01

    Bill Viola videoretrospektiiv Stedelijk Museumis, Rijksmuseumis, New Metropolises jm. Amsterdamis 29. novembrini. H. Liivrand Bill Violast ja tema loomingust. B. Viola oma videokunstist praegu ja 25 aastat tagasi, mil tema alustas, mõjutustest loomingule.

  17. Sharp rise of the energy bill in 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    France's energy bill increased by 32% in 2011 from 46 to 61 billion euros, this increase was mainly due to soaring oil prices (+40 % in 2011). In 2011 the energy bill represented 88% of France's trade deficit

  18. Performance improvement planning : developing effective billing and collection practices

    OpenAIRE

    anonymous

    2008-01-01

    Effective billing and collection systems are a critical component for ensuring the viability of a service provider. Improving billing and collection activities has an immediate impact on the revenue streams of a service provider that can, in turn, help the service provider in improving services. However, while effective billing and collection practices depend on many internal factors (including customer databases, the extent of metered and unmetered service provision, tariff and billing struc...

  19. Consumer Rights Bill 2013: what could it mean for us?

    OpenAIRE

    Mwenya, Mwenya

    2013-01-01

    The Consumer Rights Bill 2013 attempts to clarify the rights of consumer and the measures available to protect them. The Bill is a welcome reinforcement as previously consumer rights where contained in various legislation which made for a very cumbersome system. The Bill particularly attempts to give online shopper more confidence by clarifying their rights. It may not be perfect but this bill a step in the right direction.

  20. 9 CFR 590.130 - Basis of billing plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basis of billing plants. 590.130... of Service § 590.130 Basis of billing plants. Overtime and/or holiday services shall be billed to the official plant on the basis of each 15 minutes of overtime and/or holiday service performed by...

  1. 46 CFR 282.31 - Subsidy billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... subsidy for liner vessels, PART 282, Title 46, CFR; and (c) the operation of the vessels covered by said... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subsidy billing procedures. 282.31 Section 282.31... COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES Subsidy Payment and Billing Procedures § 282.31 Subsidy billing...

  2. 42 CFR 408.207 - Billing and payment procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and payment procedures. 408.207 Section 408... Surcharge Agreements § 408.207 Billing and payment procedures. (a) Adding and removing enrollees. The State... full. (d) Disagreement over billing amounts or interest. If the State or local government...

  3. 42 CFR 408.82 - Conditions for group billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conditions for group billing. 408.82 Section 408.82... for group billing. CMS agrees to a group billing arrangement only if the following conditions are met: (a) Conditions the group payer must meet. The group payer submits a written request for group...

  4. 14 CFR 1215.115 - Payment and billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Payment and billing. 1215.115 Section 1215... billing. (a) To each user there will be an initial non-refundable administrative charge of $25,000 which is applicable toward TDRSS operational services. (b) The procedure for billing and payment...

  5. 44 CFR 354.6 - Billing and payment of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and payment of fees. 354.6 Section 354.6 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY... EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM § 354.6 Billing and payment of fees. (a) Electronic billing and payment....

  6. 46 CFR 9.16 - Billing for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing for services. 9.16 Section 9.16 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC EXTRA COMPENSATION FOR OVERTIME SERVICES § 9.16 Billing for services. Overtime services shall be billed to the steamship...

  7. 47 CFR 69.128 - Billing name and address.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing name and address. 69.128 Section 69.128... Computation of Charges § 69.128 Billing name and address. Appropriate subelements shall be established for the use of equipment or facilities that are associated with offerings of billing name and address....

  8. 42 CFR 408.90 - Termination of group billing arrangement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Termination of group billing arrangement. 408.90 Section 408.90 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... § 408.90 Termination of group billing arrangement. (a) A group billing arrangement may be...

  9. 46 CFR 252.41 - Subsidy billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 252, Title 46, CFR: and (c) the operation of the vessels covered by said Agreement and regulations... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subsidy billing procedures. 252.41 Section 252.41... Payment and Billing Procedures § 252.41 Subsidy billing procedures. (a) Subsidy voucher—(1) Form....

  10. 48 CFR 252.204-7006 - Billing Instructions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing Instructions. 252... Provisions And Clauses 252.204-7006 Billing Instructions. As prescribed in 204.7109, use the following clause: Billing Instructions (OCT 2005) When submitting a request for payment, the Contractor shall— (a)...

  11. 47 CFR 36.380 - Other billing and collecting expense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other billing and collecting expense. 36.380... Customer Operations Expenses § 36.380 Other billing and collecting expense. (a) This classification... orders to billing records (establishing, changing, or discontinuing customers' accounts),...

  12. 25 CFR 141.47 - Monthly billing statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Monthly billing statement. 141.47 Section 141.47 Indians... NAVAJO, HOPI AND ZUNI RESERVATIONS Consumer Credit Transactions Other Than Pawn § 141.47 Monthly billing... when requested by the customer, a licensee shall issue a monthly billing statement to the...

  13. BRACO: Buscador de Recursos Académicos Colaborativos

    OpenAIRE

    Ángel FIDALGO BLANCO; Sein-Echaluce Lacleta, María Luisa; Francisco José GARCÍA-PEÑALVO; Pinilla-Martínez, Javier

    2015-01-01

    [ES]El alumnado suele compartir recursos entre sí. Dichos recursos se pueden gestionar de forma común y utilizarlos como recursos didáctico dentro de las asignaturas. Para ello se debe identificar qué tipos de recursos comparten, con quién y a través de qué medio. En este trabajo se han utilizado recursos didácticos de alumnos, organizados por el profesorado de la asignatura. Los dos objetivos de la investigación se basan en comprobar si la utilización de recursos de los alumnos incide sobre ...

  14. Optimal Treasury Bill auctions: an experimental analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Van Reeth, Daam

    2000-01-01

    This paper analyses the Treasury's choice between a uniform-price auction and a discriminatory auction for selling Treasury Bills from an experimental point of view. Such an approach has the significant advantage that by controlling a number of relevant variables it affords an opportunity to gain more insights into the interactions of different variables. Although auctions have been studied extensively through the use of experiments, seldomly all the typical characteristics of a Treasury Bi...

  15. WOMEN'S RESERVATION BILL – SOME GUIDE LINES

    OpenAIRE

    KRISHNA NAMDEV

    2012-01-01

    The listing of the Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill for discussion and adoption in the current session of Parliament is a welcome step. It is also welcome that the government has reversed its earlier unjustifiable position of keeping domestic workers outside the purview of the proposed legislation, Amendments moved on August 7 now include these sections of working women in a sector which has seen the largest increase in the employment of w...

  16. Freedom of Religion under Bills of Rights

    OpenAIRE

    Rochow, Neville; Babie, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Chapter 1 Paul Babie and Neville Rochow, Protecting Religious Freedom under Bills of Rights: Australia as Microcosm Chapter 2 Ngaire Naffine, How Religion Constrains Law and the Idea of Choice Chapter 3 Bruce Kaye, Is the Emperor Wearing the Wrong Clothes? Human Rights and Social Good in the Context of Australian Secularity: Theological Perspectives Chapter 4 Alan Cadwallader, Anniversary overlap: or what happens when St Paul meets the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Chapter 5 Neil Fost...

  17. Principles of the Energy Conservation Bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes 21 principles of the draft Energy Conservation Bill. The principles lay down fundamental responsibilities of the government, the municipalities, business entities, citizens and power plants in the field of economical energy management. Included are principles to minimize energy consumption and to stimulate a reasonable energy management, the role of the energy distribution network, responsibilities of the central load dispatching center, and power plant output regulation schemes. (J.B.)

  18. Refusal to pay electricity bill is illegal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pursuant to a judgement passed by the Lower Court of Hamburg, the author discusses probable legal arguments justifying the refusal to pay one's electricity bill, the so-called electricity bill boycott. Following an analysis of the power supply contract and of the content and the limits of the fundamental right of freedom of conscience, as well as of the concept of free enterprise and of the legal effect of licenses under the nuclear law, his point of view stated in the article is to agree with the decision of the court saying that the operation of a nuclear power plant licensed under the nuclear law does not mean an infringement of the right of freedom of conscience. It can further not be accepted to let people refuse to pay their electricity bill by referring to the right of freedom of speech, by alleging conduct against public policy on the part of the public utilities, or by referring to the right of opposition. (HSCH)

  19. Bills to decriminalize abortion in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    The National Congress in Brazil is currently considering 9 abortion bills, 2 of which were introduced by women. In this interview, the women senators--Jandira Feghall of the Communist Party and Eva Blay of the Social Democrat Party--discuss the likely outcome of the abortion debate. Although the Roman Catholic Church has announced its intentions to oppose any liberalization of the abortion law, there are divisions within the Church as evidenced by the existence of groups such as Catholics for a Free Choice. Both senators agree that decriminalization of abortion will depend upon the societal response and an effort must be made to reach the many people who are confused and undecided about the issue. Although the present debate fits within the broader current debate on population policies, it has been the insistence of the feminist movement that put abortion reform on the agenda. Blay's bill calls for the legalization of abortion on demand until the 12th week of pregnancy and in cases of rape or risk to the woman's life after that point. A controversial aspect of Feghall's bill is the inclusion of maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection as a condition for abortion. Feghall notes that this is an option rather than a requirement, but she will eliminate this condition if it engenders discrimination against HIV-infected women. PMID:12318722

  20. Constitutionality of the Plachimada Tribunal Bill, 2011: An Assessment - Comment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujith Koonan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The Plachimada Coca-Cola Victims Relief and Compensation Claims Special Tribunal Bill, 2011 was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of a special tribunal to settle disputes between the local residents and the Hindustan Coca Cola Company in Plachimada for recovery of compensation for damages caused to individuals, property and the environment by the company. The Bill is reserved for the assent of the President of India. In the meantime, the central government has sought clarifications on the Kerala government’s competence under the Constitution to adopt the Bill. The major issue is the perceived inconsistency between the Bill and some of the central environmental laws. Thus, the constitutional validity of the Bill is in doubt. In this background, this paper examines the issue of legislative competence of the Kerala government to adopt the Bill.

  1. 41 CFR 102-118.155 - How does my agency handle supplemental billings from the TSP after payment of the original bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... handle supplemental billings from the TSP after payment of the original bill? 102-118.155 Section 102-118... Transportation and Transportation Services § 102-118.155 How does my agency handle supplemental billings from the... billings using the same procedures as on an original billing. If the TSP disputes the findings, your...

  2. WOMEN'S RESERVATION BILL – SOME GUIDE LINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KRISHNA NAMDEV

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The listing of the Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill for discussion and adoption in the current session of Parliament is a welcome step. It is also welcome that the government has reversed its earlier unjustifiable position of keeping domestic workers outside the purview of the proposed legislation, Amendments moved on August 7 now include these sections of working women in a sector which has seen the largest increase in the employment of women in 1.urban India

  3. Bill Barbour : mõned ideed kasvavatele firmadele / Bill Barbour ; interv. Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Barbour, Bill

    2005-01-01

    Suurbritannia üks kogenumaid ärikonsultante firmade ärikasvumudelist, mis aitab ettevõttel järgmisesse etappi üle minna. Mida peaks ettevõtja enne äri alustamist läbi mõtlema ning millised eesmärgid ja ülesanded enda jaoks paika panema. Lisad: Bill Barbour; Universaalne kriisimudel

  4. A physician's due: measuring physician billing performance, benchmarking results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodcock, Elizabeth W; Browne, Robert C; Jenkins, Jennifer L

    2008-07-01

    A 2008 study focused on four key performance indicators (KPIs) and staffing levels to benchmark the FYO7 performance of physician group billing operations. A comparison of the change in the KPIs from FYO3 to FYO7 for a number of these billing operations disclosed across-the-board improvements. Billing operations did not show significant changes in staffing levels during this time, pointing to the existence of obstacles that prevent staff reductions in this area. PMID:18683420

  5. Brownian motion in the treasury bill futures market

    OpenAIRE

    Dale, Charles

    1981-01-01

    This paper analyzes prices and volumes in the T-bill futures market using a physical analogy called Brownian Motion. The results are similar to those obtained in previous studies of stock markets. For prices, the T-bill futures market failed to exhibit the presence of resistance and support levels, indicating that chartists could not profit by looking for such levels. For low volumes, T-bill futures exhibited lognormal behavior patterns, meaning that new investors are attracted to markets ...

  6. Constitutionality of the Plachimada Tribunal Bill, 2011: An Assessment - Comment

    OpenAIRE

    Sujith Koonan

    2011-01-01

    The Plachimada Coca-Cola Victims Relief and Compensation Claims Special Tribunal Bill, 2011 was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of a special tribunal to settle disputes between the local residents and the Hindustan Coca Cola Company in Plachimada for recovery of compensation for damages caused to individuals, property and the environment by the company. The Bill is reserved for the assent of the President of India. In the ...

  7. Are larger Treasury issues more liquid? Evidence from bill reopenings

    OpenAIRE

    Michael J. Fleming

    2002-01-01

    This paper makes use of a natural experiment of the U.S. Treasury Department to examine the relationship between Treasury security issue size and liquidity. Treasury bills that were first issued with fifty-two weeks to maturity and then reopened at twenty-six weeks are shown to be more liquid than comparable maturity bills that were first issued with twenty-six weeks to maturity. The relationship is less pronounced when bills are on-the-run (the most recently auctioned bills of a given maturi...

  8. Industry wins, loses in House bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the House of Representatives has approved a plan to limit U.S. gas prorationing by the states but rejected a move to require petroleum refiners and importers to place 1% of their oil or products volumes into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The oil industry lobbied heavily against the SPR provision, which went down 263-135. The House then passed its omnibus energy bill 381-37. It is designed to facilitate all types of energy production while promoting conservation. The legislation also imposes bans on offshore leasing but gives independent producers limited relief from the alternative minimum tax (AMT) and does not include a mandate for use of ethanol in gasoline

  9. 9 CFR 381.39 - Basis of billing for overtime and holiday services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basis of billing for overtime and... Inspection; Overtime and Holiday Service; Billing Establishments § 381.39 Basis of billing for overtime and.... For billing purposes, 8 or more minutes shall be considered a full quarter hour. Billing will be...

  10. Human-Centered Design Bill of Rights for Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugar, William A.

    This paper presents a potential solution to encourage technology adoption and integration within schools by proposing a human-centered technology "bill of rights" for educators. The intention of this bill of rights it to influence educators' beliefs towards technology and to enable educators to confront with confidence the seemingly mesmerizing…

  11. Kyrgyz Republic Public Expenditure Review Policy Notes : Public Wage Bill

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    Restraining the growing wage bill expenditures while enhancing the performance of the public sector remains one of the government's major development priorities. Wage bill levels in the Kyrgyz Republic are high compared to the majority of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) countries, constituting almost one third of government expenditures. Over the last few years, the government has undertaken...

  12. China : Development of National Heat Pricing and Billing Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Meyer, Anke Sofia; Kalkum, Bernd

    2008-01-01

    Market-based reforms in China's urban centralized heating sector are essential to addressing the perpetual inefficiency of a sector built on welfare based principles. The reform of heat pricing and billing is a crucial part of overall heat reform, since it will commodity heat and thus create economic incentives to provide and use heat much more efficiently. Heat pricing and billing reform ...

  13. 78 FR 34250 - Post-9/11 GI Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    ... June 5, 2009 (74 FR 30212-30220) with a request for comments. The following two comments were received... Bill. (b) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) (USD(C))/Chief Financial Officer (CFO) (USD(C... Bill consistent with this part and other guidance issued by the DASD(MPP) and the USD(C)/CFO...

  14. 46 CFR 122.515 - Passenger safety bill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... accommodations for more than 49 passengers. (b) Each passenger safety bill required by this section must list: (1... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Passenger safety bill. 122.515 Section 122.515 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN...

  15. 18 CFR 420.33 - Payment of bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Payment of bills. 420.33 Section 420.33 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Entitlement; Measurement; Billing § 420.33...

  16. 17 CFR 256.01-10 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Billing procedures. 256.01-10 Section 256.01-10 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-10 Billing procedures. All invoices for...

  17. 42 CFR 408.86 - Responsibilities under group billing arrangement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities under group billing arrangement. 408.86 Section 408.86 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Payment § 408.86 Responsibilities under group billing arrangement. (a) Enrollee responsibilities. (1)...

  18. Acid rain: What the final bill looks like

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article examines the possible financial impacts of the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act. Topics include an overview of the bill, impact on utility companies, and implications for utility investors. The author feels the bill has important implications for investors who own utility stocks, particularly the stocks of coal-burning utilities in the Midwest and Appalachia

  19. 38 CFR 17.1008 - Balance billing prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Balance billing prohibited. 17.1008 Section 17.1008 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS... Facilities § 17.1008 Balance billing prohibited. Payment by VA under 38 U.S.C. 1725 on behalf of a veteran...

  20. Gloria Ladson-Billings: Biographical Information and List of References

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fecho, Bob

    2007-01-01

    This resource was developed by the National Writing Project's (NWP's) African American Learners Project and written by Bob Fecho from the Red Clay Writing Project in Georgia, in anticipation of the 2007 Urban Sites Conference keynote address by Dr. Gloria Ladson-Billings. Fecho discusses Ladson-Billings' 2006 American Educational Research…

  1. 47 CFR 76.981 - Negative option billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Negative option billing. 76.981 Section 76.981 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.981 Negative option billing. (a) A cable...

  2. 19 CFR 142.26 - Delinquent payment of Customs bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delinquent payment of Customs bills. 142.26 Section 142.26 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Delinquent payment of Customs bills. The following procedures shall be followed if an importer...

  3. 19 CFR 142.14 - Delinquent payment of Customs bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delinquent payment of Customs bills. 142.14 Section 142.14 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... of Customs bills. The following procedure shall be followed if an importer is substantially...

  4. 42 CFR 71.11 - Bills of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bills of health. 71.11 Section 71.11 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING FOREIGN QUARANTINE Measures at Foreign Ports § 71.11 Bills of health. A carrier at any foreign port clearing...

  5. Billing tactics. Advantages of a professional billing service in radiation oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogardus, C

    1991-01-01

    An efficient billing system for your professional services must include the following items: 1. A significant amount of personal involvement by the physician in the origination of the patients' charges. 2. Friendly, courteous, and helpful personnel for patient interaction. 3. Timely and accurately posting of accounts. 4. An absolute separation of receipt of payments and account reconciliation. 5. A personal interest by the physician in the accounts receivable balance as well as monthly financial summaries of the ongoing business of your practice. 6. Knowledge of the patient's credit history and ability to pay for services. 7. Dedication to serving you in the most efficient cost-effective manner. 8. A method for remaining absolutely current on any changes occurring in the healthcare reimbursement sector. 9. Frequent meetings between the radiation oncologist and the service responsible for professional billing. 10. Timely review and management of all past due accounts making decisions toward collection or adjustment. 11. A method for tracking referral physician identification and disease categories which are now a part of Medicare billing requirements and should allow you to be able to graphically demonstrate trends in your practice referrals. PMID:10109722

  6. 46 CFR 67.527 - Application for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature of a bill of sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... instruments in the nature of a bill of sale. 67.527 Section 67.527 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....527 Application for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature of a bill of sale. An application fee is charged for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature...

  7. Uma proposta de modelagem da lista de materiais Bill of materials' modeling: a proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Vila Gonçalves Filho

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho propõe uma nova forma de estruturação da lista de materiais, para empresas fabricantes de bens de capital, apesar dos conceitos gerais serem passíveis de utilização em outros tipos de companhias de manufatura. A lista de materiais, como elemento fomentador da integração, é modelada com base em necessidades-chave de diversos usuários, desde o orçamento até a expedição. O objetivo é facilitar as atividades de administração de materiais e gestão da produção. A metodologia desenvolvida consiste em estruturar uma lista de materiais paralela, delineada em função do organograma fabril da empresa e da seqüência de fabricação do produto no tempo. Esses conceitos foram aplicados na formação de grupos de dispositivos dedicados, utilizados na fabricação de hidrogeradores, na SADE VIGESA S/A., fábrica de Araraquara.This paper suggests a new idea to form a Bill of Materials (BOM, for heavy equipment manufacturing companies, with the general concepts applied in others kind of manufacturing companies. The bill of materials, as an essential element of integration, from marketing to delivery, aims to facilitate the activities of Production Planning and of the Control System. The methodology developed is based on a new approach to build parallel bill of materials, using concepts of pseudo levels and assemblies, mainly based on the industrial organizational structure of the company and on the sequence of product fabrication in time. The implementation of this system for dedicated fixtures resulted in expressive reduction of lead time, project hours, fabrication hours and costs.

  8. Explanatory guide: Rio 2016

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Published in July 2015, the Explanatory Guides offer a detailed introduction to each sport at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games, as well as providing information on a variety of other fundamental topics that may be of importance to teams as they continue their planning and preparations.

  9. National uranium resource evaluation: Billings Quadrangle, Montana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five environments in the Billings Quadrangle are favorable for the occurrence of uranium deposits that could contain at least 100 tons U3O8 in rocks that have an average grade of not less than 100 ppM U3O8. The Mississippian Madison Limestone of the Pryor Mountains, a favorable environment for limestone-type deposits, contains a small mining district that has produced over 110,000 pounds of U3O8. The Cambrian Flathead Sandstone along the eastern flanks of the Beartooth Mountains is favorable for unconformity-related deposits; the area contains several uranium occurrences. The Pennsylvanian Tensleep Sandstone along the southern flanks of the Pryor Mountains is a favorable environment for Texas roll-type deposits because of lithology, structure, depositional environment, and proximity to a potential source area. The Cretaceous Lakota and Virgelle Sandstones exhibit the lithology, permeability, and volume to host sandstone-type uranium deposits. All other environments in the quadrangle are unfavorable or unevaluated

  10. Anomalous bidding in short-term Treasury bill auctions

    OpenAIRE

    Michael J. Fleming; Garbade, Kenneth D.; Keane, Frank

    2004-01-01

    We show that Treasury bill auction procedures create classes of price-equivalent discount rates for bills with fewer than seventy-two days to maturity. We argue that it is inefficient for market participants to bid at a discount rate that is not the minimum rate in its class. The inefficiency of bidding at a rate other than the minimum is related to a quantity shortfall rather than an unexploited profit opportunity. Auction results for weekly offerings of four-week bills and occasional offeri...

  11. Books not closed on U.S. omnibus energy bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on omnibus energy legislation which went down to the wire in the closing days of the 102nd U.S. Congress. The House adjourned after approving the compromise energy bill, 363-60. The Senate planned to resume debate on the wide-ranging legislation late last week. Proponents of the bill also faced the problem of getting enough senators to return from a recess and vote to override the filibuster. Sixty senators would have to vote to limit debate on the energy bill, a vote that energy lobbyists the could be close

  12. Produtos de pesca e contaminantes químicos na água da Represa Billings, São Paulo (Brasil Fishing yield and chemical contamination of the water of the Billings Reservoir, S. Paulo (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristides Almeida Rocha

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available Através da análise dos surfactantes determinados pelo método colorimétrico com azul de metileno, e dos metais pesados determinados por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica, como o cádmio, chumbo, cobre, cromo, mercúrio e zinco, foi caracterizada a poluição na Represa Billings, SP (Brasil, enfatizando a qualidade sanitária da água e a contaminação dos peixes. Com base nos dados coligidos, é mostrado o perigo potencial que representa o consumo do pescado proveniente da Billings, se bem que a pesca comercial esteja hoje praticamente restrita às cabeceiras dos braços dos rios Capivari e Pequeno, na junção próxima a Ribeirão Pires e nos braços dos rios Curucutu e Taquacetuba. Os dados da CEAGESP - Companhia de Entreposto de Armazéns Gerais do Estado de São Paulo - indicam que, no ano de 1980, apenas 64 toneladas de peixe provieram de São Bernardo do Campo.Data on detergents and heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, copper, chromium, mercury and zinc are used in order to estimate pollution and sanitary quality of water as well as contamination of fish from Billings Reservoir, SP, Brazil. The results of this work are a warning with regard to the potential risk of human consumption of fish from that Reservoir, even though commercial fishing is now practically restricted to the riverheads of the affluents of the rivers Capivari and Pequeno near Ribeirão Pires and along the rivers Curucutu and Taquacetuba. Data from CEAGESP (Companhia de Entreposto de Armazéns Gerais do Estado de São Paulo show that in 1980 only 64 tons of fish came from S. Bernardo do Campo.

  13. Renesting by Long-billed Curlews in northeastern Nevada

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — We report evidence of renesting by breeding Long-billed Curlews Numenius americanus, in northeastern Nevada, USA. On two occasions, marked adults were observed...

  14. The Trail Inventory of Bill Williams River NWR [Cycle 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all nonmotorized trails on Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory...

  15. Bill project on a new organisation of the electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A first text discusses the motivations of this bill project: to guarantee French supply security, to contribute to France economical competitiveness, to protect the environment, to give everybody access to energy, and to comply with the European energy market. It also comments the bill project content, the objectives aimed at through the different bill articles. These articles settle a regulated access to electricity and a regulatory frame for pricing, define provider responsibilities, deal with installation dismantling expenses. This presentation is followed by the bill text and by the report of an impact study of the implementation of a regulated access to electricity, of a capacity obligation, and of the evolution of regulated selling prices

  16. Even 'Good' Insurance Comes with Hidden Hospital Bills

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159575.html Even 'Good' Insurance Comes With Hidden Hospital Bills Average out-of- ... June 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Quality private health insurance is no protection against large out-of-pocket ...

  17. 47 CFR 76.985 - Subscriber bill itemization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) The amount of the total bill assessed as a franchise fee and the identity of the franchising authority... imposed on the cable operator by the franchise agreement to support public, educational, or...

  18. Marketer consolidated billing : realizing the value of customer relationships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation focused on timely issues regarding marketer consolidated billing (MCB). MCB allows energy marketers to directly bill customers for both gas and electric commodities and distribution services. MCB is mandated by the Ontario Energy Board (OEB) in the electricity sector through the Retail Settlements Task Force and is proposed by the OEB in the Gas Distributor Access Rule. The main topics discussed in this paper were the new relationship under MCB, benefits for customers and challenges for marketers. The major obstacles for a successful MCB model were also proposed. The new MCB approach strengthens the relationship between the marketer and the customer. The MCB will allow both electricity and natural gas customers to choose marketers who bill for both delivery and gas on one bill

  19. Plümtoonia Bill - nagu orkester / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    19.-23. nov. toimuvast animafilmide festivalist "Animated Dreams". Pikemalt USA tuntuimast sõltumatust animaatorist Bill Plymtonist, kes näitab festivalil oma täispikka joonisfilmi "Idioodid ja inglid" ("Idiots and Angels")

  20. Soul / Randy Becker, Bill Evans, Evelin Samuel ; interv. Sven Sapelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Becker, Randy

    2007-01-01

    The Soulbop Bandi rajajad Randy Becker ja Bill Evans ning meie Evelin Samuel gospeli ja rhytmblues'i juurtega soulist. Lk. 72-73 Inessa Josingu ja Ande Kaalepi souliteemaline fotolavastusega ruumikujundus

  1. Precatório

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Amon Alexandre Nassar da

    2013-01-01

    O precatório surgiu na Constituição de 1934, desde então, a cada Constituição brasileira que veio a lume, esse instituto passou por novas alterações. Após mais de 75 anos de história, o precatório continua em evolução e ainda suscita discussão na doutrina e na jurisprudência, senda esta a base utilizada para desenvolvermos nossos estudos. Com o advento da Constituição Federal de 1988 e das Emendas Constitucionais n° 30/2000 e n° 37/2002, que alteraram e trouxeram novas disposições ao art. 100...

  2. Reactive Energy Billing in Operator Tariffs in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Bućko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the current method of reactive energy billing in the tariffs of distribution grid operators in Poland. The current solutions are subject to critical assessment. Issues related to the motivation effect of the current solutions on consumers are analysed. Problems that occur in relation with connecting distributed generators to the distribution grid and challenges related to prosumer billing are indicated.

  3. Will online bill payment spell the demise of paper checks?

    OpenAIRE

    James C. McGrath

    2005-01-01

    Over the past several years, the emergence and adoption of electronic payment instruments have acutely affected check usage. This transition has been especially evident at the point of sale as debit and credit cards have become pervasive. Today, the rapid growth of online bill payment looks to threaten checks’ last redoubt. However, bill payment technology is still in its adolescence; the interplay of many stakeholders in the industry, including technology firms, banks, billers, payment cards...

  4. Usefulness of Treasury Bill Futures as Hedging Instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Cicchetti, Paul; Dale, Charles; Vignola, Anthony

    1981-01-01

    In a recent article, Ederington (1979) examined the hedging performance of financial futures markets using a portfolio model derived from the hedging theories of Stein (1961) and Johnson (1960). His article concluded that GNMA futures were more effective than T-Bill futures in reducing price change risk. Moreover, in the short term, the performance of T-Bill futures in reducing risk was extremely poor. The purpose of this article is to determine whether these results are due to a misspecif...

  5. A Bill that Took Longer than a Bachelor's Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Kelly

    2008-01-01

    It took five years, dozens of drafts, and a total of 14 extensions, but Congress last week was finally on the verge of passing a bill to renew the Higher Education Act, the major law governing federal student aid. The bill, after approval by the U.S. House of Representatives, was headed to the Senate, where a final vote was planned for late last…

  6. Efficiency of the Secondary T-Bill Market

    OpenAIRE

    Zdeněk Dvorný

    2004-01-01

    The article analyzes efficiency of the Czech treasury T-bill market and the interbank deposit market over period 1993 to 1999. An efficient market-expectation hypothesis and alternative preferred habitat hypothesis were selected to compare both the markets and to determine the extent to which they are affected by macroeconomic fundamentals. The results reveal that the treasury T-bill market is more effective compared to the interbank deposit market. This founding has strong implication in the...

  7. Climate, ecological release and bill dimorphism in an island songbird

    OpenAIRE

    Greenberg, Russell; Danner, Raymond M.

    2013-01-01

    Sexual size dimorphism is expected to be more pronounced in vertebrates on islands, particularly in trophic characters, as a response to decreased interspecific competition for food. We found (based on measurements of 1423 museum specimens) that bill size dimorphism was greater in island than mainland populations of song sparrows. However, dimorphism varied among islands and was positively correlated with high summer temperature and island size. Island song sparrow bills follow the overall po...

  8. On the Government of Electronic Bills of Lading : An appraisal

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This thesis assesses the situation and potential success in legal practice of one major invention in the maritime industry, namely, the electronic bill of lading by taking into consideration developments of the relevant regulatory frameworks through time by some few important institutions involved including CMI (Comité Maritime International), Bolero (Bills of Lading Electronic Registry Organisation) and UNCITRAL (United Nations Commission on International Trade Law). The thesis focuses on an...

  9. RFID based Bill Generation and Payment through Mobile

    OpenAIRE

    Swati R.Zope; Maruti Limkar

    2012-01-01

    Emerging electronic commerce becomes popular together with theconsiderable increase of mobile device. Since mobile paymentswill become one of the most important mobile services. Here weare generating a bill in Super market and billing it through mobile.The most important consideration is the security of the mobiledevices and the applications along with the complexity ofpayment process. We describe how Smart Market works anddiscuss related issues in detail and secure remote paymentarchitecture...

  10. Making sense of the U.S. energy bill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Now that the United States has a comprehensive energy bill, what does it mean? That's the question the nuclear industry has been wrestling with since the National Energy Strategy (H.R. 776) passed Congress and was signed into law by President Bush in October. The NUKEM Market Report polled nuclear experts for their opinions of the bill's impact. Their responses should shed some light on the legislation

  11. A method of billing third generation computer users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, P. N.; Hyter, D. R.

    1973-01-01

    A method is presented for charging users for the processing of their applications on third generation digital computer systems is presented. For background purposes, problems and goals in billing on third generation systems are discussed. Detailed formulas are derived based on expected utilization and computer component cost. These formulas are then applied to a specific computer system (UNIVAC 1108). The method, although possessing some weaknesses, is presented as a definite improvement over use of second generation billing methods.

  12. Comparison groups on bills: Automated, personalized energy information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iyer, Maithili; Kempton, Willett; Payne, Christopher

    2006-07-01

    A program called ``Innovative Billing?? has been developed to provide individualized energy information for a mass audience?the entireresidential customer base of an electric or gas utility. Customers receive a graph on the bill that compares that customer?s consumption with othersimilar customers for the same month. The program aims to stimulate customers to make ef?ciency improvements. To group as many as severalmillion customers into small ``comparison groups??, an automated method must be developed drawing solely from the data available to the utility.This paper develops and applies methods to compare the quality of resulting comparison groups.A data base of 114,000 customers from a utility billing system was used to evaluate Innovative Billing comparison groups, comparing fouralternative criteria: house characteristics (?oor area, housing type, and heating fuel); street; meter read route; billing cycle. Also, customers wereinterviewed to see what forms of comparison graphs made most sense and led to fewest errors of interpretation. We ?nd that good qualitycomparison groups result from using street name, meter book, or multiple house characteristics. Other criteria we tested, such as entire cycle, entiremeter book, or single house characteristics such as ?oor area, resulted in poor quality comparison groups. This analysis provides a basis forchoosing comparison groups based on extensive user testing and statistical analysis. The result is a practical set of guidelines that can be used toimplement realistic, inexpensive innovative billing for the entire customer base of an electric or gas utility.

  13. THE NIGERIA DATA PROTECTION BILL: APPRAISAL, ISSUES, AND CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abubakar Sanni Aliyu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria has absolutely no privacy and personal information laws. This lacuna is even more material in an internet world where information published on the web is open to a global audience. It is in this regard that the Data Protection Bill was sponsored by Hon. Yakubu Dogara, member of the Federal House of Representatives, representing Bogoro/Dass/Tafawa Balewa Bauchi State, Nigeria. This paper has two key aims, firstly to find out the major issues address by the proposed Data Protection Bill 2010, secondly, to determine the significance and the challenges of the Bill to Nigeria environment. The study utilized secondary source of data from the Data Protection Bill, 2010 and other documentary sources for analysis. The study finds out that the Bill protect parties in regard to publication of market survey details and information, ensure that unauthorised processing of personal information is reduce, and use of personal data and information without the prior consent of the data is subjected to scrutiny. The paper recommends that the Federal Government of Nigeria and the policy makers should hasten the process of passing the Bill into law in order to strengthen the activities of ecommerce in Nigeria through the following benefits: Improved customer relations; Improved ability to market lawfully; Improved data quality; Improved data security among others.

  14. Public submissions on the Uganda national biotechnology and biosafety bill, 2012 reveal consensus for Uganda legislators to pass the bill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clet Wandui Masiga

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an internationally binding instrument addressing issues of biosafety. Biosafety refers to the need to protect human health and the environment from the possible adverse effects of the products of modern biotechnology. Accordingly all countries to the convention are required to put in place regulatory mechanisms to enhance the safety of biotechnology in the context of the Convention’s overall goal of reducing all potential threats to biological diversity, while taking into account the risks to human health. Therefore each country party to the convention has its own procedures to enact laws to guide the safe use of biotechnology. In Uganda the process involves the drafting of the bill by the first parliamentary counsel, approval by cabinet, first reading at the parliament, committal to the responsible parliamentary sessional committee, tabling of the bill for public hearing, consultations, and final approval. In Uganda, the Committee on Science and Technology is responsible for the Biosafety Bill. In March 2013, the Committee tabled the bill for public hearing and submissions from public institutions. There were comments supporting the passage of the Bill and comments in objection.The reasons for objection are mainly due to precaution, speculation, lack of knowledge about biotechnology and biosafety, and alleged influence from biosafety entrepreneurs. This article reviews these public views, revealing controversy and possible consensus to pass the bill.

  15. 12 CFR 810.1 - Description of Federal Financing Bank bills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Description of Federal Financing Bank bills. 810.1 Section 810.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL FINANCING BANK FEDERAL FINANCING BANK BILLS § 810.1 Description of Federal Financing Bank bills. (a) General. Federal Financing Bank bills are bearer...

  16. 40 CFR 81.88 - Billings Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Billings Intrastate Air Quality... Quality Control Regions § 81.88 Billings Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The Metropolitan Billings Intrastate Air Quality Control Region (Montana) has been renamed the Billings Intrastate Air Quality...

  17. The passage from Rio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, M F

    1992-01-01

    The Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Environment and Development notes that after the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro discussions about the environment and development will differ from those prior to the Summit. These discussions must now incorporate problems of developing countries, poverty, inequalities, flow of resources to developing countries, and terms of trade. The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development consists of important tenets, but it must evolve into an Earth Charter to be endorsed on the 50th anniversary of the UN in 1965. The Summit's Plan of Action, Agenda 21, must also continue to evolve and, despite its shortcomings, is the most extensive and, if implemented, most effective international action ever approved by the international community. Financing the Agenda 21 initiatives remains to be decided. New possible sources of funding must be based n the polluter pays principle and may include new taxes, user charges, emission permits, and citizen funding. Even though the most serious problem in the 1990s is stabilization of atmospheric gases, the Rio agreement does not include targets or timetables. Governments must take united action immediately to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by at least 60%. 1 nation has not yet approved the convention on biological diversity. Governments also need to move forward on conventions on decertification and deforestation. They need to incorporate the global objectives of Agenda 21 into their own national policies and practices. This must also be done at the global, regional, organizational, local, and individual levels. The global community must also begin technology capacity building. The participatory process should also include nongovernmental organizations. Population growth must also slow dramatically to achieve sustainable development. The various participatory levels must consider elimination of poverty. PMID:12343938

  18. Relatório

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Vera Lúcia Marçalo

    2011-01-01

    O presente relatório tem um duplo propósito, descrever o percurso realizado no âmbito dos módulos de Estágio preconizados pelo plano de estudos do Curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem de Natureza Profissional na área de Especialização em Enfermagem Médico- Cirúrgica, do Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, e evidenciar o desenvolvimento de competências de Enfermeira Especialista decorrentes deste percurso, as quais serão mobilizadas para a minha práxis p...

  19. Focus: Rio 2016 sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    With one year to go before the start of the first Olympic and Paralympic Games to be held in South America, the Organising Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Games in Rio in 2016 has been presented with a series of challenges and opportunities. On its journey towards 2016, it has taken up the commitment to use the force of sports and sustainability in order to leverage transformations in people as well as the city. Since 2009, it has strengthened its relationship with sustainability so ...

  20. Bill (declared urgency) asserting the national commitment for the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is made of three parts. Part 1 is the exposition of the intentions of each article of the bill, part 2 is the bill itself and part 3 is the impact study of the bill in terms of economical, social and environmental impact. (J.S.)

  1. Design and Modeling Billing solution to Next Generation Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Lakhtaria, Kamaljit I

    2010-01-01

    Next generation networks (NGN) services are assumed to be a new revenue stream for both network operators and service providers. New services especially focused on a mobile telecommunications that would be used not only as a communication de vice but also as a personal gateway to order or consume a variety of services and products [1]. This type of advanced services can be accomplished when the adaptability of the packet-networks (Internet) and the quality of service of the circuit switched networks are combined into one network [2]. New challenges appear in the billing of this heterogeneous multi services network. Some examples of such a services and possible solutions about charging and billing are examined in this paper. The first steps of mathematical model for billing are also considered.

  2. Hospital billing for blood processing and transfusion for inpatient stays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCue, Michael J; Nayar, Preethy

    2009-07-01

    Medicare, an important payer for hospitals, reimburses hospitals for inpatient stays using Diagnosis Related Groups (DRGs). Many private insurers also use the DRG methodology to reimburse hospitals for their services. Therefore, those blood service organizations that bill Medicare directly require an understanding of the DRG system of payment to enable them to bill Medicare correctly, and in order to be certain they are adequately reimbursed. Blood centers that do not bill Medicare directly need to understand how hospitals are reimbursed for blood and blood components as this affects a hospital's ability to pay service fees related to these products. This review presents a detailed explanation of how hospitals are reimbursed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for Medicare inpatient services, including blood services. PMID:19594718

  3. Bill concerning the national commitment for the environment (final text)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French house of commons has adopted this bill which allows to adapt the French legislation to the new requirements defined by the program law relative to the implementation of the French road-mad in favor of ecology and sustainable development ('Grenelle de l'environnement'). The bill covers 6 main domains: settlement and urbanism, transports, energy, biodiversity, environment and waste management, and governance and information. Its aim is to encourage the development of renewable energy sources, to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions, and to protect the environment thanks to new legal and technical means at the disposal of actors with practical experience, in particular the local authorities. (J.S.)

  4. Jamaica National Net-Billing Pilot Program Evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doris, Elizabeth [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Stout, Sherry [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Peterson, Kimberly [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-12-18

    This technical report discusses the effectiveness of the Jamaica Public Service Company Limited Net-Billing Pilot Program. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collected and analyzed data from a wide range of stakeholders, conducted in-country research, and compared program elements to common interconnection practices to form programmatic recommendations for the Jamaica context. NREL finds that the net-billing pilot program has successfully contributed to the support of the emerging solar market in Jamaica with the interconnection of 80 systems under the program for a total of 1.38 megawatts (MW) at the time of original analysis.

  5. RFID based Bill Generation and Payment through Mobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati R.Zope

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Emerging electronic commerce becomes popular together with theconsiderable increase of mobile device. Since mobile paymentswill become one of the most important mobile services. Here weare generating a bill in Super market and billing it through mobile.The most important consideration is the security of the mobiledevices and the applications along with the complexity ofpayment process. We describe how Smart Market works anddiscuss related issues in detail and secure remote paymentarchitecture based on smart card in mobile devices that simplifiesthe payment process and takes a finance measure to permit amore fairly allocation of risks between merchants and consumers.

  6. The ethics of advertising, billing, and finances in psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Samuel; Vandecreek, Leon

    2008-05-01

    Psychotherapists must deal with practical business matters such as advertising, billing, collecting fees, and other practice management topics. We review the enforceable standards of the American Psychological Association's (2002) Ethics Code that deal with advertising, fees, billing, and related business matters in psychotherapy. Using a principle-based perspective, we link each of the standards to overarching ethical values and illustrate the concerns with case vignettes. We argue that understanding the moral foundations of ethical standards helps psychotherapists to implement with greater integrity the spirit and the letter of the standards with regard to advertising and business practices. PMID:18386792

  7. Nr 254 - Opinion on the behalf of the Commission of foreign affairs in the finance bill project for 2013 (nr 235), Volume 5 - ecology, sustainable development and planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After an introduction evoking the different parts of the finance bill project, its main programs and endowments, this report sets the associated national strategy within the context of the European and world agenda with respect to the protection of the environment, to climate change, and to international negotiations (Rio protocol, Durban conference, biodiversity). It outlines three main challenges: the international conference on climate of 2015 France has proposed to organize, the creation of European community on energy, and solving the current difficulties of the carbon trading scheme

  8. Freedom of Movement (Common Travel Area) (Travel Documentation) Bill 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Hunt, Brian; Flanagan, Terence

    2014-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament). An Act to reinforce the Common Travel Area by providing for passport-free travel for persons who are entitled to travel within the Common Travel Area without a passport...

  9. Low Frequency Radio Astronomy Summary: A Festschrift For Bill Erickson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, B. G.; Kassim, N. E.; Perez, M. R.

    2005-12-01

    The science and technological issues presented at this workshop in honor of Bill Erickson's 74th birthday, are certainly opening up a new window of astronomical observations at the low end of the radio frequency spectrum. We briefly review some of the contributions concentrating our comments on the topics of science, technology, and history.

  10. 31 CFR 206.3 - Billing policy and procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Billing policy and procedures. 206.3 Section 206.3 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY...

  11. 78 FR 39763 - Recovery Plan Addendum; Thick-Billed Parrot

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... throughout its entire range (see 74 FR 33957). Today, the thick-billed parrot is listed throughout its range... via a Federal Register notice published on June 19, 2012 (77 FR 36569); this notice opened a comment... species on June 2, 1970 (35 FR 8491), pursuant to the Endangered Species Conservation Act (ESCA),...

  12. Active pollinator choice by Heliconia 'fits the bill'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bronstein, Judith L; Richman, Sarah K

    2015-07-01

    A new study documents that a tropical plant only reproduces when pollen has been deposited by a visitor capable of extracting nectar from its deep flowers. Large, long-billed hummingbirds generally carry greater quantities of, and more genetically diverse, pollen. Thus, plants can exert more active partner choice than previously considered possible. PMID:25941136

  13. The Interpretation of Dreams: Ladson-Billings, Freud, and Derrida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwalt, Kyle

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a critical and close reading of "The Dreamkeepers" (1994), by Gloria Ladson-Billings. The paper focuses primarily on the gendered nature of "being a teacher" and "being a student" as revealed in the dreamkeeper text, while maintaining its engagement with race and culture as it is manifested in the United States context. It…

  14. Size & Flow: Adult Education Issues in the Senate Immigration Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Garrett; Spangenberg, Gail

    2014-01-01

    In this essay Garrett Murphy and Gail Spangenberg report on the need for understanding better than in the past, the number of undocumented immigrants likely to need adult education services under provisions of Senate Immigration Bill S.744. The essay looks at why the issues of "size and flow" are important for planners, providers, and…

  15. 78 FR 76719 - Bill of Rights Day, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... hundred and thirty- eighth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2013-30277 Filed 12-17-13; 11:15 am] Billing code... among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.'' They understood that while these truths... centuries, these 10 Constitutional Amendments have served as a basis from which civil society could grow...

  16. Bill Gates : Miljardärist nohik / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2008-01-01

    Bill Gates loobub Microsofti juhi kohast ning jätkab vaid nõustajana. Vt. samas: Elulugu; Tasub teada; Miljardär, kes hoiab oma eraelu kiivalt saladuses. Kommenteerivad Microsoft Eesti esinduse juht Rain Laane ja IBM Eesti juht Valdo Randpere

  17. 12 CFR 226.13 - Billing error resolution. 27

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., 12 CFR 205.11 governing error resolution rather than those of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (e), (f), and... account, the creditor shall comply with the requirements of Regulation E, 12 CFR 205.11 governing error... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Billing error resolution. 27 226.13 Section...

  18. Johnston guides energy bill through mark-up

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article reports on the progress of the energy bill, S.341 sponsored by J. Bennett Johnston, through Congress. Topics discussed are the nuclear plant licensing reforms, public participation in decision making, applicability of New Source Performance Standards to plant modifications, hydroelectric power, and the identification of the most controversial issues which had not been discussed

  19. 77 FR 32896 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... modify controlled airspace at Billings, MT (77 FR 20747). Interested parties were invited to participate... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a... FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The incorporation by reference in 14 CFR...

  20. 49 CFR 373.101 - Motor carrier bills of lading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... information as prescribed in 49 CFR part 379. ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Motor carrier bills of lading. 373.101 Section 373.101 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR...

  1. House passes energy bill with one-step plant licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US House of Representatives which has traditionally been wary of measures that would allow nuclear power to expand, came down strongly on the side of nuclear when it approved a much-amended omnibus energy bill on May 27 by a vote of 381 to 37. The key for the nuclear industry is the presence in the bill (H.R. 776) of language on one-step power plant licensing that was taken directly from the Senate energy bill (S. 2166) that passed in February. This means that when the House and Senate work out a compromise version of the legislation, one-step licensing is almost certain to be carried through--and become law once the final bill is signed by President George Bush, which is expected later this year. The House's endorsement of nuclear power--both as it exists now, and as it could be with the introduction of new plant designs and an end to the long hiatus in plant orders by utilities--went beyond one-step licensing. Debate on the House floor prior to Memorial Day totally transformed the nuclear-related part of the energy bill. H.R. 776 was reported to the floor by the Rules Committee with language by the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee that would have created a nominal one-step system, with a full evidentiary hearing prior to plant construction but also allowing an intervenor who later presents new information on the plant to get another full evidentiary hearing after construction but before operation. This would effectively duplicate the two-step process that existed for all plants now in service, and which utilities no longer want to endure

  2. Rock in Rio: forever young

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Ferreira Freitas; Flávio Lins Rodrigues

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the role of Rock in Rio: The Musical, as herald of megafestival Rock in Rio. Driven by the success that musicals have reached in Brazil, we believe that the design of this spectacle of music, dance and staging renews the brand of the rock festival, once it adds the force of young and healthy bodies to its concept. Moreover, the musical provides Rock in Rio with some distance from the controversal trilogy of sex, drugs and rock and roll, a strong mark ...

  3. Rock in Rio: forever young

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Ferreira Freitas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to discuss the role of Rock in Rio: The Musical, as herald of megafestival Rock in Rio. Driven by the success that musicals have reached in Brazil, we believe that the design of this spectacle of music, dance and staging renews the brand of the rock festival, once it adds the force of young and healthy bodies to its concept. Moreover, the musical provides Rock in Rio with some distance from the controversal trilogy of sex, drugs and rock and roll, a strong mark of past festivals around the world. Thus, the musical expands the possibilities of growth for the brand.

  4. The taxation of the petroleum products in the appropriation bill for 2001 and the correcting appropriation bill for 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides information on the petroleum products taxation in the framework of the appropriation bills. The following aspects are presented : the utilization of fuels more respectful of the environment, the taxation lightening measures, measures in favor of the transportation sector, the juridical references and elements for the economic situation. (A.L.B.)

  5. Stylistic Analysis on "Bill's Little Girl":Lexical Features%Stylistic Analysis on "Bill's Little Girl": Lexical Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲雯

    2011-01-01

    "Bill's Little Girl " is a prose.This article analysis's its stylistic features of language in the aspects of lexical.While analysis,we can further appreciate its plain and simple language,its natural and fluent manner of writing and its complete discourse,meanwhile we can deeply understand that love is great,father's love is great.

  6. Endine FBI agent õpetab eestlasi allilma imbuma / Bill Moschella ; interv. Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moschella, Bill

    2004-01-01

    Ameerika Föderaalse Juurdlusbüroo (FBI) endine eriagent Bill Moschella hakkab treenima siinseid kriminaalpolitseinikke, õpetab, kuidas paremini tööd organiseerida ja kurjategijate paljastamiseks varioperatsioone korraldada. Lisa: Bill Moschella

  7. Yellow-billed loon populations on the Colville River Delta, arctic Alaska: Supplemental project report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report covers the yellow-billed loon populations on the Colville river delta in the Arctic Alaska. The estimates sizes of the 1982 and 1984 yellow-billed look...

  8. Moving mountains in Rio

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The June 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro has been planned more as a discussion of environment and development, rather than sustainable development as suggested by the 1987 World Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission). The Canadian agenda for UNCED is like that of most of the developed countries, and focuses mainly on climatic change, deforestation, loss of biodiversity in the tropics, and health of the oceans. The agenda of the developing countries is based on the knowledge that most of these global problems have been caused or aggravated by the industrialized countries. The developing countries fear that actions imposed to solve environmental problems will threaten their economic development. A key demand from the developing countries is a commitment by developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, leaving space for the developing countries to increase their emissions as they develop. There is little or no pressure on governments in the developed world to come to such a comprehensive deal. For Canada, much remains to be done in setting national priorities, and many of the issues to be discussed at UNCED are under provincial jurisdiction

  9. Rio Chama Floodplain Management Study

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The Village of Chama requested the Soil Conservation Service, through the Upper Chama Soil and Water Conservation District, to conduct a study of the Rio Chama and...

  10. The Sexual Harrasment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012: Commentary

    OpenAIRE

    Trilegal Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    The Lok Sabha (the Lower House of the Parliament) has, on 3 September 2012, passed the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012 (Bill). The Bill now remains to be passed by the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Parliament) and notified by the government, to become binding law. The wide ambit of the Bill and the severe consequences of non compliance are expected to have a potentially serious impact on employers failing to adhere to the provisions...

  11. Cointegration and Market Efficiency: An Application to the Canadian Treasury Bill Market.

    OpenAIRE

    Park, S. B.

    1997-01-01

    In this study we examine if the spot and forward interest rates of the Canadian Treasury bill market are cointegrated and test the bill market efficiency. The data used are monthly average yields of three- and six-month Treasury bills from July 1962 to February 1996. Both spot and forward rates are found to be I(0) and cointegrated in the Engle-Granger (1987) sense. Tests based on Hansen=s (1982) GMM method support the bill market efficiency hypothesis.

  12. 42 CFR 424.64 - Payment after beneficiary's death: Bill has not been paid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payment after beneficiary's death: Bill has not... Made in Special Situations § 424.64 Payment after beneficiary's death: Bill has not been paid. (a... has died and the bill has not been paid. (b) Situation. (1) The beneficiary has received covered...

  13. 9 CFR 307.6 - Basis of billing for overtime and holiday services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basis of billing for overtime and... AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION FACILITIES FOR INSPECTION § 307.6 Basis of billing for... quarter hours. For billing purposes, 8 or more minutes shall be considered a full quarter hour....

  14. 42 CFR 424.520 - Effective date of Medicare billing privileges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effective date of Medicare billing privileges. 424... Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.520 Effective date of Medicare billing privileges. (a) Surveyed, certified or accredited providers and suppliers. The effective date for...

  15. 76 FR 74017 - Empowering Consumers to Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-30

    ... FCC 11-106, published at 76 FR 52625, August 23, 2011. The full text of document DA 11-1860 and copies...] Empowering Consumers to Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing and Billing Format AGENCY: Federal Communications...

  16. 18 CFR 420.32 - Measurement and billing of water taken.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Measurement and billing... COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Entitlement; Measurement; Billing § 420.32 Measurement and billing of water taken. (a) The quantity and volume of waters used by...

  17. 41 CFR 101-26.803 - Discrepancies or deficiencies in shipments, material, or billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Discrepancies or deficiencies in shipments, material, or billings. 101-26.803 Section 101-26.803 Public Contracts and Property..., Material, or Billings § 101-26.803 Discrepancies or deficiencies in shipments, material, or billings....

  18. 78 FR 52824 - Proposed Information Collection (Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-26

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form) Activity: Comment Request... evaluate the Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form used by caregivers of eligible Veterans to document time...@va.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Bowel and Bladder Care Billing Form)'' in...

  19. 77 FR 50449 - Revision of Department of Homeland Security Acquisition Regulation; Contractor Billing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... Regulation; Contractor Billing and Subcontractor Labor Hour Rates Under Time and Materials Contracts (HSAR... requirement for consistent practices for contractor labor hour records and labor hour billing. The first of... consistency between contractor recordkeeping and contractor proposal and billing practices. The proposed...

  20. 25 CFR 171.530 - What information must I provide BIA for billing purposes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What information must I provide BIA for billing purposes... IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and Collections § 171.530 What information must I provide BIA for billing purposes? We must obtain certain information from you to ensure...

  1. 47 CFR 64.1201 - Restrictions on billing name and address disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restrictions on billing name and address..., Telephone Solicitation, and Facsimile Advertising § 64.1201 Restrictions on billing name and address disclosure. (a) As used in this section: (1) The term billing name and address means the name and...

  2. 9 CFR 95.25 - Transportation of restricted import products; placarding cars and marking billing; unloading...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... products; placarding cars and marking billing; unloading enroute. 95.25 Section 95.25 Animals and Animal... import products; placarding cars and marking billing; unloading enroute. (a) Transportation companies or... billing has not been marked by the initial or the connecting carrier, or the placards have been...

  3. 25 CFR 171.525 - How do I pay my bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do I pay my bill? 171.525 Section 171.525 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and Collections § 171.525 How do I pay my bill? (a) You can...

  4. 76 FR 58202 - TRICARE; TRICARE Sanction Authority for Third-Party Billing Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... Billing Agents AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Department of Defense. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The... authority to sanction third-party billing agents by invoking the administrative remedy of exclusion or... on the part of third-party billing agents that prepare or submit claims presented to TRICARE...

  5. 42 CFR 411.353 - Prohibition on certain referrals by physicians and limitations on billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... limitations on billing. 411.353 Section 411.353 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... § 411.353 Prohibition on certain referrals by physicians and limitations on billing. (a) Prohibition on...) Limitations on billing. An entity that furnishes DHS pursuant to a referral that is prohibited by paragraph...

  6. 40 CFR 141.206 - Notice to new billing units or new customers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice to new billing units or new... Water Violations § 141.206 Notice to new billing units or new customers. (a) What is the requirement for... public notice to all new billing units or new customers prior to or at the time service begins. (b)...

  7. 47 CFR 36.381 - Carrier access charge billing and collecting expense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Carrier access charge billing and collecting... Operating Expenses and Taxes Customer Operations Expenses § 36.381 Carrier access charge billing and... billing and collecting of access charges to interexchange carriers. (b) Of access charges other than...

  8. 77 FR 41955 - Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... deadline established in the FNPRM, FCC 12-42, published at 77 FR 30972, May 24, 2012. The full text of...] Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing and Billing Format AGENCY: Federal Communications...

  9. 42 CFR 424.550 - Prohibitions on the sale or transfer of billing privileges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibitions on the sale or transfer of billing... Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.550 Prohibitions on the sale or transfer of billing privileges. (a) General rule. A provider or supplier is prohibited from selling its...

  10. 41 CFR 101-26.803-3 - Reporting of discrepancies in transportation, shipments, material, or billings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... discrepancies in transportation, shipments, material, or billings. 101-26.803-3 Section 101-26.803-3 Public... GSA or DOD Shipments, Material, or Billings § 101-26.803-3 Reporting of discrepancies in transportation, shipments, material, or billings. (a) Transportation-type discrepancies shall be processed...

  11. [World deliberations in Rio].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annis, B

    1991-01-01

    The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992 and dealt with world trade, environmental education, environmental emergencies, the transfer of technology and financial resources, and the restructuring of international systems for tackling environmental problems. Other issues on the agenda were the protection of the atmosphere, the ozone shield, deforestation, the conservation of biological diversity, sustainable urban and rural development, and the safeguarding of human health and quality of life. The preparation for the conference took place through a series of meetings, which also featured the problems of rural areas in the Americas. Some environmental organizations based in Washington, D.C. had become impassive over the years and promoted bipartisan and apolitical issues in order to obtain funds. Nonetheless, some groups criticized the projects of the World Bank. In 1990 the World Bank established the World Environmental Program for developing countries, which envisioned the execution of 15 projects and 11 technical assistance proposals. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) were also active in this effort. The Interamerican Development Bank also launched a forest policy for preserving forest resources. This was the consequence of the 1982 scheme that aimed at protecting forest populations and promoting sustainable forest industries. At another conference of development specialists the discrimination against women was cited as a major factor in the deleterious use of natural resources. A new development concept was urged that would incorporate the rights and participation of women as a central strategy in solving the global environmental crisis. The global population is growing at a rate of 95 million people per year, which underlines the need for better representation of women, poor people, and rural areas in state agencies and multilateral and environmental organizations for promoting sustainable

  12. Monthly Anomaly in U.S. Treasury Bills Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaikh A. Hamid

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We explore monthly anomaly in total monthly returns of U.S. Treasury bills from January 1926 to December 2013. The mean of monthly returns for the entire period as well as the mean of monthly returns of all the months were significantly greater than zero. No monthly seasonality was detected either in terms of mean or variance. When we slice the data into four sub-periods, we find results similar to what we find for the entire data set. The non-existence of significant differences in the means or the volatilities of the returns of a month compared to the other eleven months stacked shows that the T-bills market is largely free from monthly anomalies. This is contrary to what we found with similar studies on monthly returns of long-term Treasury bonds and corporate bonds. The mean of total monthly returns during Republican presidencies was higher than during Democratic presidencies.

  13. Algorithmic acquisition of diagnostic patterns in district heating billing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An application of algorithmic exploration of billing data is examined for fault detection, diagnosis (FDD) based on evaluation of present state and detection of unexpected changes in energy efficiency of buildings. Large data sets from district heating (DH) billing systems are used for construction of feature space, diagnostic rules and classification of the buildings according to their energy efficiency properties. The algorithmic approach automates discovering knowledge about common, thus accepted changes in buildings’ properties, in equipment and in habitants’ behavior reflecting progress in technology and life style. In this article implementation of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery (DMKD) method in supervision system with exemplary results based on real data is presented. Crucial steps of data processing influencing diagnostic results are described in details.

  14. Science budget bills wind through U.S. Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    With the U.S. economy booming and the science community pushing for across the board increases for federal research and development programs, science budgets are faring well in the House and Senate. When Congress returns to Washington in September following a summer recess, its priorities include finalizing four major, nondefense budget bills that affect science. These bills could provide significant funding increases for fiscal year 1998.How do these number compare to the new balanced budget agreement? According to analysts, the budget for the next fiscal year actually increases, with precipitous cuts delayed for several years. Although the outlook for long-term funding may be grim, science budgets look good for this year.

  15. Water Label to Improve Water Billing in Spanish Households

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Castillo-Martinez; Alberto Gutierrez-Escolar; Jose-Maria Gutierrez-Martinez; Jose M. Gomez-Pulido; Eva Garcia-Lopez

    2014-01-01

    A significant decrease in water consumption has been achieved in recent years thanks to different campaigns run by different institutions in Spain. However, most citizens do not have a very clear idea about whether or not they are efficiently using water. To solve this situation, this paper aims is to develop two water labels in order to improve the current water billing. These water labels evaluate the total water consumption and the domestic hot water consumption. To make the tags, several ...

  16. Testing for Common Valuation in Treasury Bills Auctions

    OpenAIRE

    Jakub Kastl; Ali Hortacsu

    2007-01-01

    We develop a test for common values in treasury bill auction. The test is based on different bidding dynamics within an auction under the two competing models. Bidders who obtain information about rivals' bids in the private values model use this information only to update their prior on the distribution of the residual supplies. In the model with common value component, they also update their prior of the valuation itself. We use this different updating effect to construct our test and we ap...

  17. Information in T-bill Auction Bid Distributions

    OpenAIRE

    Attila Csajbók

    1999-01-01

    In this paper UK data is used to compare two potential sources of information regarding market uncertainty about future short interest rates. One is the so-called risk-neutral density function (RND) derived from interest rate option prices, the other is the distribution of bids submitted to an auction of short-term Treasury bills. More specifically, time series of RND standard deviations and auction bid standard deviations are compared. The results suggest that in some periods the auction bid...

  18. Expectations, Surprises and Treasury Bill Rates: 1960-82

    OpenAIRE

    Hendershott, Patric H.

    1984-01-01

    Changes in six-month bill rates over semiannual periods in the 1960s and 1970s are successfully related to expected changes and to surprises. The latter include unanticipated changes in expected inflation, in the growth of industrial production and base money, and in inflation uncertainty. Estimation of the basic equation through the middle of 1983 does not suggest anychange in structure. Moreover the equation "explains" 60 percent of the extraordinarily high level of real rates since late 19...

  19. Testing for Common Values in Canadian Treasury Bill Auctions

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Hortacsu; Jakub Kastl

    2008-01-01

    We develop a test for common values in auctions in which some bidders possess information about rivals’ bids. This information causes a bidder to bid differently when she has a private value than when her value depends on rivals’ information. In a divisible good setting, such as treasury bill auctions, bidders with private values who obtain information about rivals’ bids use this information only to update their prior about the distribution of residual supply. In the model with a common value...

  20. Bidding Behavior in Treasury Bill Auctions; Evidence From Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2000-01-01

    Behavior in the first three years of auctions for Pakistani treasury bills is studied. Bidding strategies rapidly converged to a consistent pattern after the auctions started in 1991. Factors are identified that influenced the expected profitability of auction participation, which was on average low and did not differ between types of bidders. Prices bid are found to reflected both ‘buy and sell’ and ‘buy and hold’ strategies, and were affected by risk considerations and bidder-specific varia...

  1. Profitability and Pricing in Treasury Bill Auctions: Evidence from Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Hardy, Daniel C.

    2001-01-01

    Behaviour in the first three years of auctions for Pakistani treasury bills is studied. Bidding strategies rapidly converged to a consistent pattern after the auctions started in 1991. Factors that influenced the expected profitability of auction participation are identified. Auction participation was on average low and did not differ between types of bidders. Prices bids are found to reflect both ‘buy and sell’ and ‘buy and hold’ strategies, and were affected by risk considerations and bidde...

  2. The climate change response bill 2010: An assessment

    OpenAIRE

    GORECKI, PAUL K.; Tol, Richard S. J.

    2011-01-01

    Climate change is an important problem. It would be desirable to have legislation that would put Ireland on a low-cost and equitable trajectory to a zero-carbon economy. The draft Climate Change Response Bill 2010 will not achieve that. The exact emission reduction targets for 2020 are ambiguous, but considerably more ambitious than Ireland's obligations under EU legislation. EU legislation severely constrains the options for domestic climate policy so that the extra emission reduction would ...

  3. The Climate Change Response Bill 2010: An Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    GORECKI, PAUL K.; Tol, Richard S. J.

    2011-01-01

    Climate change is an important problem. It would be desirable to have legislation that would put Ireland on a low-cost and equitable trajectory to a zero-carbon economy. The draft Climate Change Response Bill 2010 will not achieve that. The exact emission reduction targets for 2020 are ambiguous, but considerably more ambitious than Ireland's obligations under EU legislation. EU legislation severely constrains the options for domestic climate policy so that the extra emission reduction would ...

  4. Mexican conservation concession to protect Thick-billed Parrots

    OpenAIRE

    Wildlands Project

    2007-01-01

    Metadata only record In early 2000, the Tucson-based Wildlands Project and five Mexican conservation groups signed an agreement with a local land cooperative to protect nesting sites of half of the world's remaining Thick-billed Parrots. The 15-year renewable agreement, the first of its kind in Mexico, will compensate members of the cooperative for forgone timber revenues through cash payments and other benefits. PES-1 (Payments for Environmental Services Associate Award)

  5. A Critique of the Unemployment Insurance Amendment Bill, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Marius Olivier; Avinash Govindjee

    2015-01-01

    The contribution critically reflects on the proposed amendments to the Unemployment Insurance Act Act 63 of 2001 (the UIA / the Act), introduced via the provisions of the Unemployment Insurance Amendment Bill of 2015 (B25-2015). Several shortcomings and deficiencies are addressed and improvements introduced by the proposed amending legislation, including the extension of coverage to a wider range of beneficiaries, the extension of the period of benefits (to a maximum of 365 days), the increas...

  6. Max Bill in Italia . Lo spazio logico dell'architettura

    OpenAIRE

    Fabbri, Roberto

    2009-01-01

    I Max Bill is an intense giornata of a big fresco. An analysis of the main social, artistic and cultural events throughout the twentieth century is needed in order to trace his career through his masterpieces and architectures. Some of the faces of this hypothetical mural painting are, among others, Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, Ernesto Nathan Rogers, Kandinskij, Klee, Mondrian, Vatongerloo, Ignazio Silone, while the backcloth is given by artistic avant-gardes, Bauhaus, International Ex...

  7. Ecology and Ethnobiology of the Slender-billed Grackle

    OpenAIRE

    Haemig, Paul D.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract A renaissance-era encyclopedia compiled by Fray Bernardino de Sahagun and his research group of elite native scholars from the Royal College of the Holy Cross, Tlatelolco, Valley of Mexico, provides new information on the Slender-billed Grackle (Quiscalus palustris), a bird that disappeared before modern field studies of it could be made. In sixteenth-century Mexico, this grackle nested in emergent aquatic vegetation and in towns. It was abundant, went around in flocks, an...

  8. Red-billed Leiothrix sexing is a matter of colour

    OpenAIRE

    Pagani-Núñez, E.; Senar, Juan Carlos; Tella, José Luis

    2013-01-01

    Capsule The Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea) is a superficially sexually monochromatic colourful bird native to the Indian subcontinent, which has colonized many locations across the world as an introduced species. We investigated the best method to accurately sex the species, capturing and measuring the colour and external morphometry of a sample of 57 individuals, which were later sexed molecularly from blood samples. We found that sexes showed no dimorphism in biometry or size of win...

  9. Providing content based billing architecture over Next Generation Network

    OpenAIRE

    Lakhtaria, Kamaljit I.

    2010-01-01

    Mobile Communication marketplace has stressed that "content is king" ever since the initial footsteps for Next Generation Networks like 3G, 3GPP, IP Multimedia subsystem (IMS) services. However, many carriers and content providers have struggled to drive revenue for content services, primarily due to current limitations of certain types of desirable content offerings, simplistic billing models, and the inability to support flexible pricing, charging and settlement. Unlike wire line carriers, ...

  10. SMS- based Recharge Protocol for Prepaid Energy Billing System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. O. Omijeh

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A prepaid energy metering system enables power utilities to collect energy bills from the consumers’ prior to the usage of power by delivering only as much as what has been paid for. In Nigeria, the current prepaid meters use the keypad technology or smart card for their energy re-loading or recharging. This poses some challenges because the consumers have to travel a long distance to the utility company, waste a lot of time and energy before getting his/her energy meter activated when out of energy credit. In this paper, an SMS-recharge system for prepaid meter is proposed whereby consumers at the comfort of their homes, without stress or waste of energy or time, can recharge/activate their meters via SMS without the use of keypad by sending a 12-digit Pin number via SMS to the utility company. The aim of this paper is to model an intelligent billing system and develop an SMS protocol for the recharge scheme. This work contains the methodology and developed SMS protocol-link between the GSM modem (M20 and the Microcontroller (PIC 18F2550 for this process .The entire billing process is designed and simulated in Matlab/Simulink environments. Results obtained are very satisfactory. When fully implemented in Nigeria, revenue generation in the power sector will greatly increase as more sales of energy vouchers will be made.

  11. The road from Rio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fornos, W

    1992-12-01

    The UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED in Rio de Janeiro has passed and future plans and expectations are forming for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. UNCED did not come up with a miracle cure. Some argued that population control should have been included in the agenda; actually the population issue was not ignored entirely, as both the UNCED Secretary-General and chair of the World Commission on Environment and Development population growth affect both economics and environment. Population must be stabilized. The interrelationships between poverty, population, and environment must be recognized in the formulation of policies. A human rights approach with increased educational opportunities for women, increased women's status, and improved public health and family planning is needed. The UNCED principal document, Agenda 21, devoted an entire chapter to the dynamics of population growth and sustainability. The implications of national demographic trends must be assessed and demographic features included in policies and plans. Debating the accomplishments of UNCED is secondary to planning for the 1994 conference and dealing with the issues: family planning (FP) and well-being, women's status, urbanization and migration, and population policies and programs. The delivery of FP information, education, and services must be expedited by all agencies and organizations; there must be universal availability of maternal and child health care. 500 million women are currently in need of FP. Research is needed to improve contraceptive safety, efficiency, and effectiveness. More than 500,000 maternal deaths occur each year; many could be prevented. 15 million births/year are spaced too closely and infant health is jeopardized. Education and employment of women holds the hope for eliminating some of the social and cultural barriers to women's rights. 45 out of 100 people living in cities today are not experiencing upward mobility

  12. Impact of Rate Design Alternatives on Residential Solar Customer Bills. Increased Fixed Charges, Minimum Bills and Demand-based Rates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, Lori [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Davidson, Carolyn [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); McLaren, Joyce [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Miller, John [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-09-01

    With rapid growth in energy efficiency and distributed generation, electric utilities are anticipating stagnant or decreasing electricity sales, particularly in the residential sector. Utilities are increasingly considering alternative rates structures that are designed to recover fixed costs from residential solar photovoltaic (PV) customers with low net electricity consumption. Proposed structures have included fixed charge increases, minimum bills, and increasingly, demand rates - for net metered customers and all customers. This study examines the electricity bill implications of various residential rate alternatives for multiple locations within the United States. For the locations analyzed, the results suggest that residential PV customers offset, on average, between 60% and 99% of their annual load. However, roughly 65% of a typical customer's electricity demand is non-coincidental with PV generation, so the typical PV customer is generally highly reliant on the grid for pooling services.

  13. Dicionários codificadores

    OpenAIRE

    Iriarte Sanromán, Álvaro

    2004-01-01

    O objectivo deste trabalho será mostrar em que medida os principais dicionários monolingues portugueses de que dispomos no mercado fornecem informação (gramatical, combinatória, pragmática, etc.) suficiente para servirem como ferramentas para produzir ou codificar um texto em português. Tentaremos quantificar, de maneira aproximada, esta informação, para assim poder justificar a resposta a perguntas que frequentemente me foram colocadas, do tipo: Qual é o melhor dicionário de português? Que d...

  14. Hangover after the Rio climate conference; Klimakater nach Rio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bollinger-Kanne, Josephine

    2012-08-15

    The Rio+20 summit of June 2012 was the biggest conference ever in the history of the United Nations, with more than 45,000 participants from more than 190 countries. However, the threats of a global climate catastrophe and resources depletion could not be banished.

  15. 41 CFR 102-118.65 - Can my agency receive electronic billing for payment of transportation services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... electronic billing for payment of transportation services? 102-118.65 Section 102-118.65 Public Contracts and... Transportation Services § 102-118.65 Can my agency receive electronic billing for payment of transportation... to use electronic billing for the procurement and billing of transportation services....

  16. Diets of nestling Gull-billed Terns in coastal Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwin, R.M.; Eyler, T.B.; Hatfield, J.S.; McGary, S.

    1998-01-01

    We studied the diets of nestling Gull-billed Terns (Sterna nilotica) at colonies in coastal Virginia during the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996 as part of a long-term study of the species. No previous quantitative assessments had been made of diets of this species anywhere along the Atlantic Coast, and only a few observations had been reported from other coastal areas in the southern United States. During 80 h of observations over the two seasons, 757 feeding observations were made, primarily at two colony sites. We examined how prey type (fish, marine invertebrates, terrestrial prey) and size were influenced by year, tide cycle, season (early and late) and age of the young (small chicks 7 d). We did not find significant year differences, but all other factors revealed statistically significant results. Older (>7 d) chicks were fed relatively more terrestrial and marine invertebrate prey than were younger chicks. In June (early season), fewer fish and terrestrial prey were fed to chicks than later (July-August). Most prey were less than one bill length in size, with the majority of the smallest prey being marine invertebrates. Tide cycle influenced prey delivered with terrestrial prey becoming relatively more important during high and ebb periods than during low and flood tides when aquatic prey dominated. The major marine invertebrate prey taken was the fiddler crab (Uca spp.). Terrestrial prey consisted mostly of large odonates and orthopterans. Unlike earlier reports from Europe, we found no regurgitated food pellets in any of the colonies in either year. This study confirms that the Gull-billed Tern is an extremely opportunistic feeder and has adapted to a variety of habitats, helping to explain its cosmopolitan distribution.

  17. Treasury bill rates in the 1970s and 1980s

    OpenAIRE

    Hendershott, Patric H.; Joe Peek

    1991-01-01

    As is widely recognized, real interest rates in the early 1980s were at peaks not witnessed since the late 1920s. Less well perceived is the sharp decline in real interest rates since 1984. By 1986-88, real interest rates were back at their average levels of the previous quarter century. This paper seeks to identify the underlying determinants of the major movements in real six-month Treasury bill rates. The rise in real interest rates between the middle 1970s and early 1980s, not surprisingl...

  18. Nuclear opponents condemned to pay their electricity bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this court decision, nuclear opponents who had withheld payment of 10 percent of their electricity bills were condemned to payment of the full amounts of their invoices. The decision thus differs from opposed decisions by the Stuttgart District Court dated July 20, 1979 (ET 1979, p. 495), which had been regarded as 'faulty' by the Federal Constitutional Court (decision of December 20, 1979, ET 1980, p. 135). According to the new decision, the actions brought for performance and for declaratory judgment are admissible and well-founded. In particular, the nuclear opponents have no credible legal reason to withhold or deny performance. (HSCH)

  19. Carioca hospitality programme: Rio 2016

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The "Hospitality programme" at the Rio 2016 Games venues was designed to attend the specific needs of partners and their clients in a transparent and flexible manner. In this guide, you will find information and standards that will help in your choice, and in the planning of this incredible experience.

  20. RIO Country Report 2015: Lithuania

    OpenAIRE

    PALIOKAITĖ Agne; KRŪMINAS Pijus; STAMENOV BLAGOY

    2016-01-01

    The 2015 series of RIO Country Reports analyse and assess the policy and the national research and innovation system developments in relation to national policy priorities and the EU policy agenda with special focus on ERA and Innovation Union. The executive summaries of these reports put forward the main challenges of the research and innovation systems.

  1. Travel to the Rio Olympics

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-07-21

    Learn how to stay healthy and safe when travelling to the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.  Created: 7/21/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 7/21/2016.

  2. 77 FR 60904 - Safety Zone; Rio Vista Bass Derby Fireworks, Sacramento River, Rio Vista, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Rio Vista Bass Derby Fireworks, Sacramento River, Rio... Guard will enforce the safety zone for the Rio Vista Bass Derby Fireworks in the Captain of the Port... 38 09'18'' N, 121 41'15'' W (NAD 83) for the Rio Vista Bass Derby Fireworks in 33 CFR 165.1191....

  3. Billing, coding, and documentation in the critical care environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakhry, S M

    2000-06-01

    Optimal conduct of modern-day physician practices involves a thorough understanding and application of the principles of documentation, coding, and billing. Physicians' role in these activities can no longer be secondary. Surgeons practicing critical care must be well versed in these concepts and their effective application to ensure that they are competitive in an increasingly difficult and demanding environment. Health care policies and regulations continue to evolve, mandating constant education of practicing physicians and their staffs and surgical residents who also will have to function in this environment. Close, collaborative relationships between physicians and individuals well versed in the concepts of documentation, coding, and billing are indispensable. Similarly, ongoing educational and review processes (whether internal or consultative from outside sources) not only can decrease the possibility of unfavorable outcomes from audit but also will likely enhance practice efficiency and cash flow. A financially viable practice is certainly a prerequisite for a surgical critical care practice to achieve its primary goal of excellence in patient care. PMID:10897279

  4. Water Label to Improve Water Billing in Spanish Households

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Castillo-Martinez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A significant decrease in water consumption has been achieved in recent years thanks to different campaigns run by different institutions in Spain. However, most citizens do not have a very clear idea about whether or not they are efficiently using water. To solve this situation, this paper aims is to develop two water labels in order to improve the current water billing. These water labels evaluate the total water consumption and the domestic hot water consumption. To make the tags, several research studies were tackled for establishing consumer trends and behavior patterns. Furthermore, a survey and data collection were conducted to obtain updated values to validate information obtained from previous studies. The result are two water labels that establish six different levels to graphically show the efficiency, and they also include a comparison with the average consumption by customers of the same province. To ensure that the benefits of this evaluation are available to citizens, its inclusion on the water bill is proposed.

  5. The BDS iGMAS RIOS station at Observatório Nacional, Rio de Janeiro

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humberto Andrei, Alexandre; Song, Shuli; Junqueira, Selma; Beauvalet, Laurene

    2016-07-01

    GNSS navigation satellites are currently being developed by all major players in the science and technology scene, to compete with the GPS system. Because their applications span many different areas, from traffic and cargo control, to geodesy and seismic monitoring, it is required to assess the coherence between the different constellations. BDS is the GNSS system currently developed in China. Its first generation of satellites consisted of 3 geostationnary satellites allowing geolocalisation in China only. In addition to these satellites, other satellites have been launched in geostationnary and geosynchronous orbits, as well as satellites orbiting with a classical GNSS semi-major axis. With these additions, the BDS system possesses 19 operating satellites, and though the system is mostly efficient for geolocalisation in Asia, the satellites are also visible in other parts of the globe. In parallel to the development of the BDS constellation, China has launched the iGMAS (International GNSS Monitoring and Assessment Service) project to develop a global tracking network of multi-GNSS geodetic receivers. One of the goals of this project is to evaluate the efficiency of the BDS constellation as well as the efficiency of the receivers developed by the Chinese laboratories. As part of the Brazilian program COSBAN leaded by the Foreign Affairs Ministry to foster up the science and technology partnership with China, materialized by the collaboration between the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory/CAS and the Observatório Nacional/MCTI, in Rio de Janeiro. Through it the RIOS-iGMAS station was installed at Observatório Nacional, where the RJEP GNSS station already operates as part of the Brazilian reference system. Thus at the Observatório Nacional can be observed satellites from any constellation with both systems of reception, leading to a direct, efficient way to compare the results obtained for each network. In this communication we focus on the determination of the

  6. Employing Financial Futures to Increase the Return on Near Cash (Treasury Bill) Investments

    OpenAIRE

    Edwin J. Elton; Martin J. Gruber; Joel C. Rentzler

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to formulate and test a decision model to increase the return on a pool of liquid assets through the use of Treasury bill futures contracts. Recent literature has documented inefficiencies in the pricing of T-bill futures. These inefficiencies can be exploited to increase the return on a portfolio of T-bills without affecting the maturity of the portfolio. The solution technique used is dynamic programming. The results of applying a dynamic programming algorithm...

  7. relatório final

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Ana Lúcia Nunes da

    2013-01-01

    O presente relatório final visa narrar o percurso formativo, realizado ao longo das práticas educativas em educação pré-escolar e em 1º ciclo do ensino básico. Estas foram efetuadas no âmbito do Mestrado de Educação Pré-Escolar e Ensino do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico, na Escola Superior de Educação de Coimbra. (...)

  8. Providing content based billing architecture over Next Generation Network

    CERN Document Server

    Lakhtaria, Kamaljit I

    2010-01-01

    Mobile Communication marketplace has stressed that "content is king" ever since the initial footsteps for Next Generation Networks like 3G, 3GPP, IP Multimedia subsystem (IMS) services. However, many carriers and content providers have struggled to drive revenue for content services, primarily due to current limitations of certain types of desirable content offerings, simplistic billing models, and the inability to support flexible pricing, charging and settlement. Unlike wire line carriers, wireless carriers have a limit to the volume of traffic they can carry, bounded by the finite wireless spectrum. Event based services like calling, conferencing etc., only perceive charge per event, while the Content based charging system attracts Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) to maximize service delivery to customer and achieve best ARPU. With the Next Generation Networks, the number of data related services that can be offered, is increased significantly. The wireless carrier will be able to move from offering wireles...

  9. The Electricity Bill and opportunities for the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bill is an enabling piece of legislation, and much of the detail is contained within the licenses covering the generators, the new public electricity supply companies or distributors, and the transmission company. In addition, the Regulator, who has yet to be appointed and the Secretary of State have sweeping powers if they choose to use them. This makes comment particularly difficult as much depends on the interpretation placed on the legislation by all parties, and the vigour which is applied in policing it. As can be seen following the privatisation of both Gas and Telecoms, key factors will be the individual appointed to the office of Regulator and the holder of the office of Secretary of State. How they interpret their roles and the legislation over the coming years will be crucial. (Author)

  10. Senate backs ALMR/IFR funding; bill goes to conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When September ended, so did the federal government's fiscal year 1993 - officially. The Department of Energy did not have an appropriation, passed by both Houses of Congress and signed into law by President Bill Clinton, to take it into FY 1994, but as debate wore on in Congress, a joint resolution was passed to keep the DOE functioning through October 15. By that time, it was hoped, both Houses would have worked out a consensus DOE budget in a conference committee. Action in the Senate in late September assured that the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) program, and the advanced liquid metal reactor (ALMR) technology that the IFR incorporates, would have one last chance to survive

  11. The Assisted Dying Bill and the role of the physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullock, Alexandra

    2015-08-01

    This article explores the role of the physician in the Assisted Dying Bill, which is currently progressing through the House of Lords. The Supreme Court decision in Nicklinson and Others has alerted Parliament to the possibility that the current prohibition against assisted suicide may breach Article 8 of the European Convention in relation to the right to choose how to end one's life. In this article, the role of healthcare professionals in the proposed legalisation of physician-assisted suicide is examined, together with consideration of key ethical concerns over who might be permitted to access assisted dying. Whether the proposed law presents an ethically sound alternative to the current prohibition against assisting in suicide is not clear, but Parliament must now respond in order to address human rights issues and the call to legalise medically assisted suicide. PMID:25575506

  12. A Critical Discussion of "The Ethical Presuppositions behind the Library Bill of Rights."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Tony

    2002-01-01

    Discussion of the Library Bill of Rights focuses on paternalism and the dangers of Internet filtering, in response to a previous article that advocated revision of the Bill of Rights. Topics include ethical presuppositions; censorship; philosophical foundations; access; social contract theory; and utilitarianism. (LRW)

  13. A Barking Dog That Never Bites? The British Sign Language (Scotland) Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Meulder, Maartje

    2015-01-01

    This article describes and analyses the pathway to the British Sign Language (Scotland) Bill and the strategies used to reach it. Data collection has been done by means of interviews with key players, analysis of official documents, and participant observation. The article discusses the bill in relation to the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005…

  14. 42 CFR 405.515 - Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed by physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services... Criteria for Determining Reasonable Charges § 405.515 Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed... limitation on reimbursement for markups on clinical laboratory services billed by physicians. If a...

  15. 20 CFR 30.701 - How are medical bills to be submitted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...), Form OWCP-04 or UB-04 (for hospitals), an electronic or paper-based bill that includes required data... medications, appliances, or supplies on electronic or paper-based bills and submit them promptly for... number assigned to the product, the generic or trade name of the drug provided, the prescription...

  16. Organizing a Grassroots Lobbying Effort: Working a Bill from Beginning to End

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorn, Terry

    2009-01-01

    This article provides information related to organizing a grassroots lobbying effort within a state association and working for the passage of a bill. This information resulted from experience working for the successful passage of the pay parity bill for nationally certified school psychologists in West Virginia during the 2008 legislative…

  17. 42 CFR 424.62 - Payment after beneficiary's death: Bill has been paid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... beneficiary; (ii) The child or children, who were, for the month of death, entitled to monthly social security... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payment after beneficiary's death: Bill has been... Made in Special Situations § 424.62 Payment after beneficiary's death: Bill has been paid. (a)...

  18. 78 FR 70580 - Apria Healthcare LLC, Billing Department, Overland Park, Kansas; Notice of Negative Determination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Employment and Training Administration Apria Healthcare LLC, Billing Department, Overland Park, Kansas... on October 3, 2013 (78 FR 61392). Pursuant to 29 CFR 90.18(c) reconsideration may be granted under... 19, 2013, a former worker of Apria Healthcare LLC, Billing Department, Overland Park, Kansas...

  19. Foundations of Freedom: A Living History of Our Bill of Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodehamel, John H.; And Others

    This book presents, in words and pictures, a history of the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution. Fifteen chapters in the book are entitled: (1) Origins; (2) The Colonial Experience; (3) The American Crisis: Road to Revolution; (4) New Order of the Ages; (5) The Bill of Rights; (6) The Civil War; (7) A Changing America; (8) War & Reaction; (9)…

  20. Reality Bites: The Collision of Rhetoric, Rights, and Reality and the Library Bill of Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegand, Shirley A.

    1996-01-01

    Argues that the library profession should separate rhetoric from rights in the Library Bill of Rights to create two documents: a true Bill of Rights including only those principles demanded by the U.S. Constitution, and a Statement of Philosophy based on the American Library Association's (ALA) Code of Ethics. Contains the ALA Code of Ethics. (PEN)

  1. 78 FR 7387 - Continuation of 2008 Farm Bill-Dairy Forward Pricing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ....usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Dairy Forward Pricing Program (73 FR 64868) allows producers..., 2008 (73 FR 64868). The 2008 Farm Bill initially prohibited new forward contracts from being entered... Agricultural Marketing Service Continuation of 2008 Farm Bill--Dairy Forward Pricing Program...

  2. 20 CFR 10.336 - What are the time frames for submitting bills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the time frames for submitting bills? 10.336 Section 10.336 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF...' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Medical and Related Benefits Medical Bills § 10.336 What are the time frames...

  3. 20 CFR 30.421 - What are the time frames for submitting bills and reimbursement requests?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the time frames for submitting bills and reimbursement requests? 30.421 Section 30.421 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION... AMENDED Medical and Related Benefits Medical Bills § 30.421 What are the time frames for submitting...

  4. Portable XRF and principal component analysis for bill characterization in forensic science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several modern techniques have been applied to prevent counterfeiting of money bills. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the potential of Portable X-ray Fluorescence (PXRF) technique and the multivariate analysis method of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for classification of bills in order to use it in forensic science. Bills of Dollar, Euro and Real (Brazilian currency) were measured directly at different colored regions, without any previous preparation. Spectra interpretation allowed the identification of Ca, Ti, Fe, Cu, Sr, Y, Zr and Pb. PCA analysis separated the bills in three groups and subgroups among Brazilian currency. In conclusion, the samples were classified according to its origin identifying the elements responsible for differentiation and basic pigment composition. PXRF allied to multivariate discriminate methods is a promising technique for rapid and no destructive identification of false bills in forensic science. - Highlights: • The paper is about a direct method for bills discrimination by EDXRF and principal component analysis. • The bills are analyzed directly, without sample preparation and non destructively. • The results demonstrates that the methodology is feasible and could be applied in forensic science for identification of origin and false banknotes. • The novelty is that portable EDXRF is very fast and efficient for bills characterization

  5. 42 CFR 1001.1701 - Billing for services of assistant at surgery during cataract operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS Permissive Exclusions § 1001.1701 Billing for services of assistant at surgery during cataract... surgery during a cataract operation, or (ii) Charges that include a charge for an assistant at surgery... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing for services of assistant at surgery...

  6. 19 CFR 24.34 - Vouchers; vendors' bills of sale; invoices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vouchers; vendors' bills of sale; invoices. 24.34... sale; invoices. (a) Vouchers or invoices for transportation and related services which are intended for...' bills of sale, or invoices for purchases or services other than personal do not require the...

  7. 42 CFR 408.63 - Billing procedures when monthly benefits are less than monthly premiums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing procedures when monthly benefits are less than monthly premiums. 408.63 Section 408.63 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Remittance: Individual Payment § 408.63 Billing procedures when monthly benefits are less than...

  8. 42 CFR 424.535 - Revocation of enrollment and billing privileges in the Medicare program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... implementing regulations and the Department of Health and Human Services nonprocurement common rule at 45 CFR... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Revocation of enrollment and billing privileges in... Requirements for Establishing and Maintaining Medicare Billing Privileges § 424.535 Revocation of...

  9. 77 FR 71353 - Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ..., 2012, at 77 FR 65320: 1. On page 65320, column 2, revise the DATES section to read as follows: DATES... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing Format AGENCY: Federal...

  10. 47 CFR 69.604 - Billing and collection of access charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and collection of access charges. 69.604 Section 69.604 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Exchange Carrier Association § 69.604 Billing and collection of...

  11. 77 FR 71354 - Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... INFORMATION: This document makes the following correction to the final rule published May 24, 2012, at 77 FR... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing Format AGENCY: Federal...

  12. 48 CFR 47.207-9 - Annotation and distribution of shipping and billing documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... billing documents. See 41 CFR part 102-118, Transportation Payment and Audit. (b) In instances of mass... distribution of shipping and billing documents. 47.207-9 Section 47.207-9 Federal Acquisition Regulations... for Transportation-Related Services 47.207-9 Annotation and distribution of shipping and...

  13. 77 FR 30915 - Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), FCC 11-106; published at 76 FR 52625, August 23, 2011. In the NPRM, the... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing Format AGENCY: Federal...

  14. 78 FR 61250 - Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ..., adopted April 27, 2012, released April 27, 2012, and published at 77 FR 30972, May 24, 2012, in which the... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Empowering Consumers To Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (``Cramming''); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing Format AGENCY: Federal...

  15. THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT BILL-TRIMMING METHODS ON THE WELL-BEING OF PEKIN DUCKS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekin ducks are often bill-trimmed to prevent feather pecking and cannibalism, but this practice has been criticized because of the resulting potential for acute and chronic pain. The goal of this experiment was to compare two different bill-trimming methods, hot blade trimming with cautery (TRIM) a...

  16. 16 CFR 308.7 - Billing and collection for pay-per-call services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... disclosures be in a reasonably understandable form. See 12 CFR part 226, Supplement I, Comment 226.5(a)(1)-1..., or placed so as to mislead or confuse the customer or contradict, obscure, or detract attention from... a billing statement to a customer for a telephone-billed purchase, or any person who...

  17. Gun control law (Bill C-17), suicide, and homicide in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridges, F Stephen

    2004-06-01

    Canadian Bill C-17 was implemented in 1991 to restrict the use of firearms, providing a chance to investigate the effect of firearm control laws in the use of firearms for suicide and homicide. Following Lester and Leenaars' comprehensive studies, the present study examined the use of firearms for suicide and homicide during the period prior to the bill and during the period after the passing of Bill C-17 to assess the association of the bill with rates of suicide and homicide by method. Analysis showed a significant decrease after passage of Bill C-17 in the rates of suicides and homicides involving firearms and the percentage of suicides using firearms. The analysis provides support for the position that restricting the availability of firearms as a lethal means of committing suicide and homicide may help reduce the numbers of suicides and homicides. PMID:15217033

  18. Portable XRF and principal component analysis for bill characterization in forensic science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appoloni, C R; Melquiades, F L

    2014-02-01

    Several modern techniques have been applied to prevent counterfeiting of money bills. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the potential of Portable X-ray Fluorescence (PXRF) technique and the multivariate analysis method of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for classification of bills in order to use it in forensic science. Bills of Dollar, Euro and Real (Brazilian currency) were measured directly at different colored regions, without any previous preparation. Spectra interpretation allowed the identification of Ca, Ti, Fe, Cu, Sr, Y, Zr and Pb. PCA analysis separated the bills in three groups and subgroups among Brazilian currency. In conclusion, the samples were classified according to its origin identifying the elements responsible for differentiation and basic pigment composition. PXRF allied to multivariate discriminate methods is a promising technique for rapid and no destructive identification of false bills in forensic science. PMID:24393811

  19. relatório final

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Ana Raquel Lopes Matos

    2013-01-01

    O presente relatório de estágio, executado no âmbito do Mestrado em Educação Pré-Escolar e Ensino do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico, fi desenvolvido ao longo de dois estágios profissionalizantes. Estes, incidentes, um na valência de educação pré-escolar e outro na de 1º ciclo do ensino básico, permitiram complementar a formação iniciada e adquirida no decorrer da licenciatura em Educação Básica. (...)

  20. A breeding site record of Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus (Aves: Accipitriformes: Accipitridae) from Bejjur Reserve Forest, Telangana, India

    OpenAIRE

    Swetha Stotrabhashyam; Bharath Reddy; Venugopal Satla; Imran Siddiqui

    2015-01-01

    The Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus is, Critically Endangered with few known breeding sites in peninsular India.  We present a previously undocumented Long-billed Vulture breeding site in Bejjur Reserve Forest, Adilabad District, northern Telangana.

  1. The billing process at a teaching hospital specialized in cardiology and pulmonology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Favaro Faria Guerrer

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this exploratory study was to describe and map out the billing process in a public tertiary-level university hospital specialized in cardiology and pulmonology. In the period between May and June of 2012, we identified and documented the steps in the process validated by the professionals involved in the hospital bill audit service. We found that during billing pre-analysis, auditors make corrections to justify the billing of procedures and to avoid unwarranted billing and loss of revenue. Mapping out the process allowed us to propose strategies to minimize the time for presenting bills to payment sources. By bringing visibility to this process, which is fundamental for the economic-financial balance of the studied hospital, we bring such knowledge to the public domain. Thus, it is accessible to other health organizations that wish to increment their revenue and reduce divergences between patient charts and the patient’s hospital bill. doi: 10.5216/ree.v16i3.23487.

  2. Associations between Difficulty Paying Medical Bills and Forgone Medical and Prescription Drug Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baughman, Kristin R; Burke, Ryan C; Hewit, Michael S; Sudano, Joseph J; Meeker, James; Hull, Sharon K

    2015-10-01

    Problems paying medical bills have been reported to be associated with increased stress, bankruptcy, and forgone medical care. Using the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations developed by Gelberg et al as a framework, as well as data from the 2010 Ohio Family Health Survey, this study examined the relationships between difficulty paying medical bills and forgone medical and prescription drug care. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between difficulty paying medical bills and predisposing, enabling, need (health status), and health behaviors (forgoing medical care). Difficulty paying medical bills increased the effect of lack of health insurance in predicting forgone medical care and had a conditional effect on the association between education and forgone prescription drug care. Those who had less than a bachelor's degree were more likely to forgo prescription drug care than those with a bachelor's degree, but only if they had difficulty paying medical bills. Difficulty paying medical bills also accounted for the relationships between several population characteristics (eg, age, income, home ownership, health status) in predicting forgone medical and prescription drug care. Policies to cap out-of-pocket medical expenses may mitigate health disparities by addressing the impact of difficulty paying medical bills on forgone care. PMID:25856468

  3. Conhecimento, aceitabilidade e uso do método billings de planejamento familiar natural El conocimiento, la aceptación y el uso del método Billings de planificación familiar natural Knowledge, acceptability and use of the Billings natural family planning method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Shozo Uchimura

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo observacional, quantitativo analítico que objetivou verificar o conhecimento, a aceitabilidade e o uso do planejamento familiar natural (PFN pelos pacientes em um hospital universitário no período de julho a novembro de 2008. Os dados foram coletados utilizando questionário estruturado e analisados através dos Programas Excel e Statistica 8.0. Das 113 mulheres entrevistadas, 70 (62% aceitavam o método e 1 (0,9% fazia o uso rotineiro. A aceitação foi maior entre as que desejavam engravidar no futuro quando comparadas aquelas que não desejavam engravidar. A aceitabilidade foi estatisticamente significativa (p=0,0147 entre as 28 (80% não usuárias de métodos contraceptivos comparadas a 42 (53,8% com algum método contraceptivo. Fatores como idade, escolaridade, número de filhos vivos e religião não apresentaram associação estatística com a aceitabilidade do PFN. A aceitabilidade do método de ovulação Billings é adequada, porém com pouco uso na prática por falta de informação pelos profissionais da saúde da verdadeira eficácia e aplicabilidade.Estudio observacional, cuantitativo y analítico para verificar el conocimiento, la aceptación y el uso de la planificación familiar natural (PFN en un hospital universitario en el periodo de julio a noviembre de 2008. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de cuestionario estructurado y analizados mediante los programas Excel e Statistica 8.0. De las 113 mujeres entrevistadas, 70 (62,0% aceptaron el método y 1 (0,9% tenían uso rutinario. Aceptación fue mayor entre las que deseaban futuros embarazos en comparación con aquellos que no desean quedar embarazadas. Aceptabilidad fue estadísticamente significativa (p=0,0147 entre 28 (80,0% no usuarias de anticonceptivos en comparación con 42 (53,8% con el método anticonceptivo. Factores como edad, escolaridad, número de hijos vivos y religión no se asoció estadísticamente con la aceptación de PFN. Aceptabilidad del m

  4. 77 FR 64126 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal of Public Land for the Buffalo Bill Dam and Reservoir Modification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Proposed Withdrawal of Public Land for the Buffalo Bill Dam and... recreational facilities constructed in connection with the Buffalo Bill Dam and Reservoir Modification Project... recreation site in the Buffalo Bill Dam and Reservoir Modification Project area: Sixth Principal Meridian...

  5. 47 CFR 64.1510 - Billing and collection of pay-per-call and similar service charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and collection of pay-per-call and... Pay-Per-Call and Other Information Services § 64.1510 Billing and collection of pay-per-call and... pay-per-call services and offering billing and collection services to such provider shall: (1)...

  6. 42 CFR 414.50 - Physician or other supplier billing for diagnostic tests performed or interpreted by a physician...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Physician or other supplier billing for diagnostic tests performed or interpreted by a physician who does not share a practice with the billing physician... HEALTH SERVICES Physicians and Other Practitioners § 414.50 Physician or other supplier billing...

  7. 9 CFR 73.6 - Placarding means of conveyance and marking billing of shipments of treated scabby cattle or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marking billing of shipments of treated scabby cattle or cattle exposed to scabies. 73.6 Section 73.6... Placarding means of conveyance and marking billing of shipments of treated scabby cattle or cattle exposed to... intention being that the billing accompanying the shipment shall be marked and the means of...

  8. 34 CFR 674.48 - Use of contractors to perform billing and collection or other program activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of contractors to perform billing and collection or... LOAN PROGRAM Due Diligence § 674.48 Use of contractors to perform billing and collection or other program activities. (a) The institution is responsible for ensuring compliance with the billing...

  9. Plug-in privacy for Smart Metering billing

    CERN Document Server

    Jawurek, Marek; Kerschbaum, Florian

    2010-01-01

    Smart Metering is a concept that allows to collect fine-grained consumption profiles from customers by replacing traditional electricity meters with Smart Meters in customers' households. The recorded consumption profile is the basis for the calculation of time-dependent tariffs but also allows deduction of the inhabitant's personal schedules and habits. The current reporting of such consumption profiles only protects this data from 3rd parties but falls short to protect the customer's privacy from illegitimate abuse by the supplier itself. We propose a privacy-preserving profile reporting protocol that enables billing for time-dependent tariffs without disclosing the actual data of the consumption profile to the supplier. Our approach relies on a zero-knowledge proof based on Pedersen Commitments performed by a plug-in privacy component that is put into the communication link between Smart Meter and supplier's back-end systems and requires no change to Smart Meter hardware and only little change to the softw...

  10. A Reliable Billing Method for Internal Medicine Resident Clinics: Financial Implications for an Academic Medical Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapa, Suraj; Beckman, Thomas J.; Cha, Stephen S.; Meyer, Joyce A.; Robinet, Charlotte A.; Bucher, Diane K.; Hardy, Jeanne M.; McDonald, Furman S.

    2010-01-01

    Background The financial success of academic medical centers depends largely on appropriate billing for resident-patient encounters. Objectives of this study were to develop an instrument for billing in internal medicine resident clinics, to compare billing practices among junior versus senior residents, and to estimate financial losses from inappropriate resident billing. Methods For this analysis, we randomly selected 100 patient visit notes from a resident outpatient practice. Three coding specialists used an instrument structured on Medicare billing standards to determine appropriate codes, and interrater reliability was assessed. Billing codes were converted to US dollars based on the national Medicare reimbursement list. Inappropriate billing, based on comparisons with coding specialists, was then determined for residents across years of training. Results Interrater reliability of Current Procedural Terminology components was excellent, with κ ranging from 0.76 for examination to 0.94 for diagnosis. Of the encounters in the study, 55% were underbilled by an average of $45.26 per encounter, and 18% were overbilled by an average of $51.29 per encounter. The percentages of appropriately coded notes were 16.1% for postgraduate year (PGY) 1, 26.8% for PGY-2, and 39.3% for PGY-3 residents (P < .05). Underbilling was 74.2% for PGY-1, 48.8% for PGY-2, and 42.9% for PGY-3 residents (P < .01). There was significantly less overbilling among PGY-1 residents compared with PGY-2 and PGY-3 residents (9.7% versus 24.4% and 17.9%, respectively; P < .05). Conclusions Our study reports a reliable method for assessing billing in internal medicine resident clinics. It exposed large financial losses, which were attributable to junior residents more than senior residents. The findings highlight the need for educational interventions to improve resident coding and billing. PMID:21975617

  11. Resultados preliminares sobre os teores de detergentes aniônicos na baía e estuário de Santos Preliminary results on anionic detergent contents in the bay and estuary of Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Angela Valin da Silveira; Norival Pereira; Luiz Roberto Tommasi

    1982-01-01

    Os maiores níveis de detergentes foram obtidos no interior do Canal de Santos, em frente ao Canal 6 e na região do difusor do emissário submarino de esgostos de Santos. Há, assim, três fontes principais de detergentes para a região: a) o complexo industrial de Cubatao - Sistema Billings; b) a cidade de Santos (ligações clandestinas de esgotos), e c) o emissário submarino. Os níveis de detergentes obtidos variaram de 0,11 a 0,97 ppm ABS.The highest level of detergents was obtained in the inter...

  12. Taste of the Games: Rio 2016

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This document is a communication tool to inform the food industry and other Rio 2016 Games stakeholders about the food and beverage services planned for the Olympic and Paralympic Games. It is also a tool to educate and guide potential caterers so they can propose services which fulfil the Rio 2016 vision for food and beverage services.

  13. The Sexual Harrasment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Ministry of Labour and Employment MoL&E

    2012-01-01

    The Lok Sabha (the Lower House of the Parliament) has, on 3 September 2012, passed the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012. The Bill now remains to be passed by the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Parliament) and notified by the government, to become binding law. The wide ambit of the Bill and the severe consequences of non compliance are expected to have a potentially serious impact on employers failing to adhere to the provisions of the...

  14. Indicator Properties of the Paper—Bill Spread: Lessons from Recent Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Friedman, Benjamin Morton; Kuttner, Kenneth N.

    1998-01-01

    A feature of U.S. postwar business cycle experience that is by now widely documented is the tendency of the spread between the respective interest rates on commercial paper and Treasury bills to widen shortly before the onset of recessions. By contrast, the paper—bill spread did not anticipate the 1990–1991 recession. Empirical work presented in this paper supports two (not mutually exclusive) explanations for this departure from past experience. First, at least part of the paper—bill spread'...

  15. Indicator Properties of the Paper—Bill Spread: Lessons from Recent Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Kuttner, Kenneth N.; Friedman, Benjamin Morton

    1998-01-01

    A feature of U.S. postwar business cycle experience that is by now widely documented is the tendency of the spread between the respective interest rates on commercial paper and Treasury bills to widen shortly before the onset of recessions. By contrast, the paper—bill spread did not anticipate the 1990–1991 recession. Empirical work presented in this paper supports two (not mutually exclusive) explanations for this departure from past experience. First, at least part of the paper—bill s...

  16. Indicator Properties of the Paper-Bill Spread: Lessons from Recent Experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Benjamin M. Friedman; Kuttner, Kenneth N.

    1994-01-01

    A feature of U.S. post-war business cycle experience that is by now widely documented is the tendency of the spread between the respective interest rates on commercial paper and Treasury bills to widen shortly before the onset of recessions. By contrast, the paper- bill spread did not anticipate the 1990-91 recession. Empirical work presented in this paper supports two (not mutually exclusive) explanations for this departure from past experience. First, at least part of the paper-bill spread'...

  17. The bill project on energy transition: what will happen to renewable energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author comments and discusses the content of the French bill project on energy transition, and the controversies on this bill project within the French Parliament. She addresses the objectives of the bill project (share of renewable energies, case of overseas territories), the issue of building construction and renovation, the issue of transports (fleet size, electric vehicles, use of renewable energy), the development of renewable energies (notably for overseas territories, issue of mandatory purchase, issue of connection), the simplification and clarification of procedures, and the possibility for citizen, enterprises, territories and State to act together

  18. Report on the bill project on a new electricity market organisation in France (n. 2451)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports the works of the Economic Affairs Commission of the French National Assembly on a bill project dealing with a new organisation of the electricity market. It reports the hearings of the Energy regulation commission Chairman and of the EDF Chairman, the general discussion of the Commission, and the discussion on the different bill articles. These articles are dealing with the access of electricity providers to the electricity produced by EDF, capacities required for electricity providers, power reservation contracts, and other regulatory aspects. A table compares the present situation, the content of the bill project, and the Commission's propositions

  19. Innlæring av billed-lotto-ferdigheter for en gutt med autisme

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    SAMMENDRAG Tittel: Innlæring av billed-lotto-ferdigheter for en gutt med autisme Våren 02 gjennomførte jeg et intervensjonsprosjekt på en 4 ½ år gammel gutt med diagnosen atypisk infantil autisme og psykisk utviklingshemming. Formålet med intervensjonen var å lære gutten de nødvendige ferdigheter for å spille billed-lotto. Problemstillingen for prosjektet var: Kan et barn med autisme og psykisk utviklingshemming lære å spille billed-lotto? Jeg valgte å dele opp målvalg...

  20. Rio sambas to research drum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perhaps the most published graphic in the oil industry is one that traces the price of oil through time. It is used as an overlay to correlate everything from the history of rig activity levels to predicting coming oil shortages and gluts. In Rio de Janeiro this month during the 17th World Petroleum Congress, Dr Don Paul of ChevronTexaco and Saudi Aramco's Abdulaziz Al-Kaabi used it to illustrate the role research and technology development must play within the oil industry. The author discusses the way the oil industry is spending money on research and development, he explains that in the past 20 years the biggest innovation in the industry has been 3D seismic. The critical strategy for oil business was the adaptation of 3D seismic from another industry which was then moulded for its own needs. The article goes on to describe the importance of the development of a portfolio of research and development

  1. Hyacinths Choke the Rio Grande

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    These images acquired by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite, demonstrate the potential of satellite-based remote sensors to monitor infestations of non-native plant species. These images show the vigorous growth of water hyacinths along a stretch of the Rio Grande River in Texas. The infestation had grown so dense in some places it was impeding the flow of water and rendered the river impassible for boats. The hyacinth is an aquatic weed native to South America. The plant is exotic looking and, when it blooms, the hyacinth produces a pretty purple flower, which is why it was introduced into North America. However, it has the capacity to grow and spread at astonishing rates so that in the wild it can completely clog the flow of rivers and waterways in a matter of days or weeks. The top image was acquired on March 30, 2002, and the bottom image on May 9, 2002. In the near-infrared region of the spectrum, photosynthetically-active vegetation is highly reflective. Consequently, vegetation appears bright to the near-infrared sensors aboard ASTER; and water, which absorbs near-infrared radiation, appears dark. In these false-color images produced from the sensor data, healthy vegetation is shown as bright red while water is blue or black. Notice a water hyacinth infestation is already apparent on March 30 near the center of the image. By May 9, the hyacinth population has exploded to cover more than half the river in the scene. Satellite-based remote sensors can enable scientists to monitor large areas of infestation like this one rather quickly and efficiently, which is particularly useful for regions that are difficult to reach from on the ground. (For more details, click to read Showdown in the Rio Grande.) Images courtesy Terrametrics; Data provided by the ASTER Science Team

  2. A Survey of Texas HIV, Sexually Transmitted Disease, Tuberculosis, and Viral Hepatitis Providers' Billing and Reimbursement Capabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Matthew B; Atwood, Robin; Greenberg, Jennifer B; Ray, Tara; Harris, Karol Kaye

    2015-11-01

    The Affordable Care Act presents financial challenges and opportunities for publicly funded service providers. We assessed billing practices and anticipated barriers to third-party billing among organizations in Texas that provide publicly funded HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, and viral hepatitis services. One third to one half of the organizations did not bill for medical services. The most common barrier to third-party billing was lack of staff knowledge about billing and coding. Future research must evaluate options for organizations and communities to maintain access to infectious disease services for vulnerable populations. PMID:26447911

  3. A Survey of Texas HIV, Sexually Transmitted Disease, Tuberculosis, and Viral Hepatitis Providers’ Billing and Reimbursement Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwood, Robin; Greenberg, Jennifer B.; Ray, Tara; Harris, Karol Kaye

    2015-01-01

    The Affordable Care Act presents financial challenges and opportunities for publicly funded service providers. We assessed billing practices and anticipated barriers to third-party billing among organizations in Texas that provide publicly funded HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, and viral hepatitis services. One third to one half of the organizations did not bill for medical services. The most common barrier to third-party billing was lack of staff knowledge about billing and coding. Future research must evaluate options for organizations and communities to maintain access to infectious disease services for vulnerable populations. PMID:26447911

  4. Determinants of the spread between Treasury bill and private sector money market rates

    OpenAIRE

    Timothy Q. Cook

    1980-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the reasons underlying the variable and sometimes very large differentials between United States Treasury bill rates and private sector U.S. money market rates of comparable maturity.

  5. Letter about Ivory-billed Woodpecker on Allan Grey Estate (Dahomey NWR)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Letter contains historic information regarding ivory-billed woodpecker occurance on Dahomey NWR prior to World War II. Letter found in museum in PA by Dr. Jerome...

  6. A policy-based billing management architecture for the next generation IP-based network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Lu; Qiu Xuesong; Meng Luoming

    2006-01-01

    IP billing is not only a basic functionality to operate IP services, but also it is fundamental to offer customers with a stable and QoS-enabled network environment. As IP-based network has been widely agreed to be the core network of NGN, and existing IP billing system is too simple to fulfill the emerging requirements, the next generation IP billing has become an interesting topic in recent years. Policy-based management brings flexibility and scalability to systems by describing management logic and functions through policies, and thus reduces the complexity of the management of large-scale systems. Working on existing efforts, this paper proposed an improved IETF policy framework based upon which a policy-based billing management architecture for the next generation IP-based network was presented. Then a prototype with some basic functionalities was developed. The results of the experiment validated the expected improvements specified in this paper.

  7. Billing and coding knowledge: a comparative survey of professional coders, practicing orthopedic surgeons, and orthopedic residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiley, Kevin F; Yousuf, Tariq; Pasque, Charles B; Yousuf, Khalid

    2014-06-01

    Medical knowledge and surgical skills are necessary to become an effective orthopedic surgeon. To run an efficient practice, the surgeon must also possess a basic understanding of medical business practices, including billing and coding. In this study, we surveyed and compared the level of billing and coding knowledge among current orthopedic residents PGY3 and higher, academic and private practice attending orthopedic surgeons, and orthopedic coding professionals. According to the survey results, residents and fellows have a similar knowledge of coding and billing, regardless of their level of training or type of business education received in residency. Most residents would like formal training in coding, billing, and practice management didactics; this is consistent with data from previous studies. PMID:24945481

  8. Letter pertaining to alleged Ivory-billed Woodpecker observation on Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This letter is in response to observation of bird resembling the Ivory-billed Woodpecker on Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge in October 2007 which you reported in a...

  9. Mehhiklane troonil: kas Bill Gatesi ajastu sai tõesti otsa? / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Ajakirja Forbes koostatud maailma rikkaimate inimeste edetabelist, mille tipus on Mehhiko telekomi monopoli suuromanik Carlos Slim Helú, seniselt liidripositsioonilt on teisele kohale langenud Microsofti rajaja Bill Gates

  10. "Liquidity, Uncertainty, and the Declining Predictive Power of the Paper-bill Spread"

    OpenAIRE

    J. Peter Ferderer; Stephen C. Vogt; Ravi Chahil

    1994-01-01

    This paper addresses two questions. First, what causes the paper-bill spread to vary over time in anticipation of income fluctuations’? Second, why has the predictive power of the spread declined in recent years? Consistent with previous empirical work, the paper provides evidence for the default-risk, monetary, and cash-flow hypotheses. Moreover, new evidence is provided for the liquidity hypothesis by showing that uncertainty has a strong impact on the paper-bill spread. This finding holds ...

  11. The Canadian Treasury Bill Auction and the Term Structure of Interest Rates

    OpenAIRE

    Lise Godbout; Paul Storer; Christian Zimmermann

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines the efficiency of the Canadian treasury bill market as measured by the performance of the expectations model of the term structure of interest rates. In particular, market efficiency is shown to depend upon certain institutional features of the treasury bill auction process. Building on past work by Campbell and Galbraith (1997), the paper establishes links between rejections of efficiency and high absolute values of the spread between six and three month interest rates. T...

  12. Measuring patterns of price movements in the Treasury bill futures market

    OpenAIRE

    Dale, Charles; Workman, Rosemarie

    1981-01-01

    There has been tremendous growth in interest rate futures markets since their beginning in 1975, both in terms of trading volume and the proliferation of new types of contracts. This paper focuses on the Treasury bill futures market and uses a descriptive statistic which was devised by Holbrook Working for the express purpose of analyzing price movements in commodity futures markets. When applied to the Treasury bill futures market, the statistic has been able to discover patterns of price mo...

  13. ANTICIPATORY HEDGING WITH TREASURY BILLS: THE CASE OF A BANK FOR COOPERATIVES

    OpenAIRE

    Alan K. Severn

    1985-01-01

    Agricultural cooperatives find it difficult to forecast their interest costs and net income. If input and output prices are fixed, anticipatory hedging of future interest costs is appropriate. Banks for Cooperatives obtain funds in maturities longer than the three months of Treasury bills. Hence, anticipatory hedging of interest rates may require selling a "strip" of more than one Treasury bill futures contract. Adapting Peck's model of hedges against forecast error, hedge ratios generally ex...

  14. Bill Gates køber sig til positive historier om udviklingsbistanden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fejerskov, Adam Moe

    2014-01-01

    Flere store og velansete medier får penge af Bill Gates' fond for at at bringe positive historier om udviklingsbistanden. Men det medfører en risiko for at journalistikken bliver ukritisk og overfladisk......Flere store og velansete medier får penge af Bill Gates' fond for at at bringe positive historier om udviklingsbistanden. Men det medfører en risiko for at journalistikken bliver ukritisk og overfladisk...

  15. Health providers’ compliance with pregnant women's Bill of Rights in labor and delivery in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mirlohi, Vajihesadat; Ehsanpour, Soheila; Kohan, Shahnaz

    2015-01-01

    Background: Delivery is one of the most important crises with mental, social, and deep emotional dimensions in women's life. Health providers’ respect to pregnant women's Bill of Rights, as an important component of providing humanistic and ethical care, is of utmost importance. This study aimed to determine health providers’ compliance with the pregnant women's Bill of Rights in labor and delivery and some of its related factors in 2013. Materials and Methods: This descriptive, cross-section...

  16. THE ECOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR OF THE LONG BILLED CURLEW (NUMENIUS AMERICANUS) IN SOUTHEASTERN WASHINGTON

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Julia N. Fitzner

    1978-06-01

    The primary objective of this study was to examine in depth the nesting ecology and behavior of the Long-billed Curlew on a breeding area relatively free of disruptive human activity. Two surruners of field work were devoted to that end; a post-breeding season survey in 1976 of the major National Wildlife Refuges in Washington, Southern Idaho, Utah, Nevada California, and Oregon enlarged the scope by including unpublished records of Long-billed Curlews in these areas.

  17. Needs of Rio street children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filgueiras, A

    1993-01-01

    Millions of children and adolescents live on the streets of urban Brazil and are being bypassed by existing social services. In the state of Rio de Janeiro, for example, there are only 2 shelters for street children. Many of these children are from single-parent households that could not produce enough income to support them; others are the victims of intrafamilial sexual abuse or violence. Early initiation into sexual activity is nearly universal among these street children, and provides gratification in an atmosphere of deprivation and a source of emotional connectedness. Many are forced into prostitution as a means of survival. The absence of familial support leads these marginalized adolescents vulnerable to pregnancy and illegal abortion; their illiteracy and non-school attendance isolates them from sources of information about sexuality and birth control. Government agencies must assume responsibility for providing these citizens with shelter, food, access to the public school system with a culturally sensitive curriculum, and health services that address the special needs of this population. Nongovernmental organizations, on the other hand, are urged to develop innovative programs for street children, including outreach programs, educational strategies and materials, legal advocacy, hot-lines, and itinerant van units. PMID:12345365

  18. Rio Grande Channel, El Paso Area, 1852

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Historical map of Rio Grande river between Texas and Mexico. U.S.-Mexican Boundary Survey.The original map is a Xerox of a Photolithographic Copy of Salazar...

  19. EKA urbanistika osakond / Lilia del Rio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rio, Lilia del

    2006-01-01

    Lilia del Rio magistritöö "Beyond the player's manual / Mänguõpetus edasijõudnutele. Experiencing the world (and the city) as a playground / Kogedes maailma (ja linna) mänguväljakuna". Juhendaja Andres Kurg

  20. A Lifetime of Geodesy and Geophysics: In Rememberence of Bill Kaula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David E.

    2000-01-01

    In the early 1960's the secrets that knowledge of the Earth's gravity field would eventually reveal about the processes that govern our planet were yet to be appreciated. It was the beginning of a new science known as space geodesy, which arose at a time when most efforts were devoted to understanding how to extract precise measurements of Earth structure and motions from an orbiting spacecraft. Bill Kaula was central to that beginning and showed the way for many who were to follow, both in time and in the development of approaches most likely to yield results. Bill laid out the theory, analyzed the data, and argued strenuously for a spacecraft mission devoted to measuring gravity to make it all come true in the way he knew it really could. That mission, GRACE, was a long time coming and Bill would not see its final staging, but his influence in making it happen was everywhere. With time, the concepts for measuring the static gravity field of the Earth and terrestrial planets became well advanced, although not universally agreed upon, and certainly not by Bill, who was always eager to argue and challenge traditional methods and thinking. The extension of space geodetic techniques to the planets and the development of new techniques to measure time variations in gravity have recently brought geodesy even closer to the geophysical processes that Bill sought to understand. This presentation will contain a little geodesy, a little history, and a little reminiscing about the leader in our field.

  1. Wild mallards have more "goose-like" bills than their ancestors: a case of anthropogenic influence?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pär Söderquist

    Full Text Available Wild populations of the world's most common dabbling duck, the mallard (Anas platyrhynchos, run the risk of genetic introgression by farmed conspecifics released for hunting purposes. We tested whether bill morphology of free-living birds has changed since large-scale releases of farmed mallards started. Three groups of mallards from Sweden, Norway and Finland were compared: historical wild (before large-scale releases started, present-day wild, and present-day farmed. Higher density of bill lamellae was observed in historical wild mallards (only males. Farmed mallards had wider bills than present-day and historical wild ones. Present-day wild and farmed mallards also had higher and shorter bills than historical wild mallards. Present-day mallards thus tend to have more "goose-like" bills (wider, higher, and shorter than their ancestors. Our study suggests that surviving released mallards affect morphological traits in wild population by introgression. We discuss how such anthropogenic impact may lead to a maladapted and genetically compromised wild mallard population. Our study system has bearing on other taxa where large-scale releases of conspecifics with 'alien genes' may cause a cryptic invasive process that nevertheless has fitness consequences for individual birds.

  2. HEALTH INFO Information from the CHISBoard and Personnel Division: ABOUT BILLS FROM HOPITAL DE LA TOUR

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    The tariff agreement signed by CERN (and other international organisations) with Hôpital de La Tour specifies that all bills paid within 30 days of the date of the invoice will enjoy a discount, to be deducted by the payer. The bills are labelled with a message to this effect.Physicians' fees, personal expenses as well as services from outside providers (e.g. ambulance companies or external laboratories) are however not part of the discount agreement. Bills for hospitalisation (i.e. with a stay in hospital longer than 28h) are normally directly paid by AUSTRIA, acting as a third-party payer.In May this year, Hôpital de La Tour introduced a new (Y2K compliant) accounting and invoicing system. This implementation did not go as smoothly as planned and delayed the issuing of bills by two months. During the summer period, a special team of temporary staff was put in place to catch up on the delay. As a result of this, some bills were produced that contained errors and the sticky label mentionin...

  3. Adaptive bill morphology for enhanced tool manipulation in New Caledonian crows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Hiroshi; Hunt, Gavin R; Oberhofer, Katja; Ogihara, Naomichi; McGowan, Kevin J; Mithraratne, Kumar; Yamasaki, Takeshi; Gray, Russell D; Izawa, Ei-Ichi

    2016-01-01

    Early increased sophistication of human tools is thought to be underpinned by adaptive morphology for efficient tool manipulation. Such adaptive specialisation is unknown in nonhuman primates but may have evolved in the New Caledonian crow, which has sophisticated tool manufacture. The straightness of its bill, for example, may be adaptive for enhanced visually-directed use of tools. Here, we examine in detail the shape and internal structure of the New Caledonian crow's bill using Principal Components Analysis and Computed Tomography within a comparative framework. We found that the bill has a combination of interrelated shape and structural features unique within Corvus, and possibly birds generally. The upper mandible is relatively deep and short with a straight cutting edge, and the lower mandible is strengthened and upturned. These novel combined attributes would be functional for (i) counteracting the unique loading patterns acting on the bill when manipulating tools, (ii) a strong precision grip to hold tools securely, and (iii) enhanced visually-guided tool use. Our findings indicate that the New Caledonian crow's innovative bill has been adapted for tool manipulation to at least some degree. Early increased sophistication of tools may require the co-evolution of morphology that provides improved manipulatory skills. PMID:26955788

  4. Geographical variation in bill size across bird species provides evidence for Allen's rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Symonds, Matthew R E; Tattersall, Glenn J

    2010-08-01

    Allen's rule proposes that the appendages of endotherms are smaller, relative to body size, in colder climates, in order to reduce heat loss. Empirical support for Allen's rule is mainly derived from occasional reports of geographical clines in extremity size of individual species. Interspecific evidence is restricted to two studies of leg proportions in seabirds and shorebirds. We used phylogenetic comparative analyses of 214 bird species to examine whether bird bills, significant sites of heat exchange, conform to Allen's rule. The species comprised eight diverse taxonomic groups-toucans, African barbets, Australian parrots, estrildid finches, Canadian galliforms, penguins, gulls, and terns. Across all species, there were strongly significant relationships between bill length and both latitude and environmental temperature, with species in colder climates having significantly shorter bills. Patterns supporting Allen's rule in relation to latitudinal or altitudinal distribution held within all groups except the finches. Evidence for a direct association with temperature was found within four groups (parrots, galliforms, penguins, and gulls). Support for Allen's rule in leg elements was weaker, suggesting that bird bills may be more susceptible to thermoregulatory constraints generally. Our results provide the strongest comparative support yet published for Allen's rule and demonstrate that thermoregulation has been an important factor in shaping the evolution of bird bills. PMID:20545560

  5. Long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center: Information for base realignment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hand, K.D.; Cadwell, L.L.; Eberhardt, L.E.

    1994-02-01

    This report summarizes and discusses the results obtained during 1992 from the study of long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center (YTC), which Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted for the US Department of the Army. This study was initiated to provide basic ecological information on YTC long-billed curlews (Numenius americanus). The long-billed curlew is a relatively common spring and summer resident on the YTC. However, other than casual observations, very little is known about the distribution, density, reproductive success, and habitat requirements for this species on the YTC. Until recently the long-billed curlew was a US Fish and Wildlife Service candidate for listing as threatened or endangered; however, on November 21, 1991 it was down-listed to Class IIIc. The Washington Department of Wildlife lists the long-billed curlew as a ``species of special concern.`` Specific objectives of this study were to (1) locate nesting areas, (2) locate brood-rearing areas, (3) evaluate habitat requirements, (4) determine diet, (5) evaluate response to troop activities, (6) evaluate the impact of livestock grazing, (7) estimate the population size, and (8) estimate recruitment rates. Six curlews (four females and two males) were captured and fitted with radio transmitters. These birds were relocated to obtain nesting, habitat use, and feeding information. Road surveys conducted over most of the YTC provided information on the bird`s general distribution, habitat requirements, and nesting and brood-rearing areas.

  6. Chart Smart: A Need for Documentation and Billing Education Among Emergency Medicine Residents?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Dawson, MD

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The healthcare chart is becoming ever more complex, serving clinicians, patients, third party payers, regulators, and even medicolegal parties. The purpose of this study was to identify our emergency medicine (EM resident and attending physicians’ current knowledge and attitudes about billing and documentation practices. We hypothesized that resident and attending physicians would identify billing and documentation as an area in which residents need further education.Methods: We gave a 15-question Likert survey to resident and attending physicians regarding charting practices, knowledge of billing and documentation, and opinions regarding need for further education.Results: We achieved a 100% response rate, with 47% (16/34 of resident physicians disagreeing or strongly disagreeing that they have adequate training in billing and documentation, while 91% (31/34 of residents and 95% (21/22 of attending physicians identified this skill as important to a resident’s future practice. Eighty-two percent (28/34 of resident physicians and 100% of attending physicians recommended further education for residents.Conclusion: Residents in this academic EM department identified a need for further education in billing and documentation practices. [West J Emerg Med. 2010;11(2: 116-119.

  7. Does Health Insurance Encourage the Rise in Medical Prices? A Test on Balance Billing in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dormont, Brigitte; Péron, Mathilde

    2016-09-01

    We evaluate the causal impact of an improvement in insurance coverage on patients' decisions to consult physicians who charge more than the regulated fee. We use a French panel data set of 43,111 individuals observed from 2010 to 2012. At the beginning of the period, none of them were covered for balance billing; by the end, 3819 had switched to supplementary insurance contracts that cover balance billing. Using instrumental variables to deal with possible non-exogeneity of the decision to switch, we find evidence that better coverage increases demand for specialists who charge high fees, thereby contributing to the rise in medical prices. People whose coverage improves increased their average amount of balance billing per consultation by 32%. However, the impact of the coverage shock depends on the supply of physicians. For people residing in areas where few specialists charge the regulated fee, better coverage increases not only prices but also the number of consultations, a finding that suggests that balance billing might limit access to care. Conversely, in areas where patients have a genuine choice between specialists who balance bill and those who do not, we find no evidence of a response to better coverage. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27160420

  8. The Impact of Treasury Bill Rate and Interest Rate On The Stock Market Returns: Case Of Ghana Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Augustine  Addo; Fidelis Sunzuoye

    2013-01-01

    Several studies have suggested that macroeconomic variables affect Stock market returns using Treasury bill rate as a measure of interest rate. The study examines the joint impact of  interest rates and Treasury bill rate on  stock market returns on Ghana Stock Exchange over the period between January 1995 and December 2011. Using Johansen’s Multivariate Cointegration Model and Vector Error  Correction Model the study establish that there is cointegration between Interest rate, Treasury bill ...

  9. The Determinants of U.S. Treasury Bill Rates: An Approach Based on A Vector Autoregressive Model (VAR)

    OpenAIRE

    Fadiga, Ismael Tanou

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation examines the determinants of U.S. Treasury bill rates based on vector autoregressions for the period 1959-2009. Our main conclusions are: (1) monetary base, inflation rate and output affect the dynamics of Treasury bill rates and those results are consistent with the theory in regards to the factors affecting yield curves. Accurately, we find that the growth rates of monetary base, inflation and output are all significant in explaining the growth of U.S. Treasury bill rates;...

  10. The Anatomy of the bill Tip of Kiwi and Associated Somatosensory Regions of the Brain: Comparisons with Shorebirds

    OpenAIRE

    Cunningham, Susan J.; Corfield, Jeremy R.; Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Castro, Isabel; Alley, Maurice R.; BIRKHEAD, TIM R.; Parsons, Stuart

    2013-01-01

    Three families of probe-foraging birds, Scolopacidae (sandpipers and snipes), Apterygidae (kiwi), and Threskiornithidae (ibises, including spoonbills) have independently evolved long, narrow bills containing clusters of vibration-sensitive mechanoreceptors (Herbst corpuscles) within pits in the bill-tip. These ‘bill-tip organs’ allow birds to detect buried or submerged prey via substrate-borne vibrations and/or interstitial pressure gradients. Shorebirds, kiwi and ibises are only distantly re...

  11. 25 CFR 171.520 - How will I receive my bill and when do I pay it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will I receive my bill and when do I pay it? 171.520 Section 171.520 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and Collections § 171.520 How will I receive my bill and when do I pay it?...

  12. Rio+20 ou Rio-20?: crônica de um fracasso anunciado

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Pereira Guimarães; Yuna Souza dos Reis da Fontoura

    2012-01-01

    Passadas quatro décadas da Conferência de Estocolmo sobre o Meio Ambiente Humano, e decorridos apenas alguns meses da Rio+20, parece apropriado analisar o caminho percorrido a partir de Rio-92 e os desafios, em grande parte frustrados, da conferência recém concluída no Rio de Janeiro. Para tais propósitos, são analisados os avanços e retrocessos da agenda global de desenvolvimento sustentável, do processo preparatório e dos resultados alcançados no Rio em Junho de 2012, como também das ameaça...

  13. Sumário/Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Machado

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Um dos propósitos que tem orientado a edição de Galáxia é a publicação de trabalhos que provoquem discussões e sejam capazes de introduzir abordagens e metodologias de estudo na área de sua competência a partir, prioritariamente, de um ponto de vista semiótico. O que rege essa "carta de intenções" é a divulgação de temas e problemas atuais, inovadores e norteadores do pensamento. Até agora a sorte não nos deixou à deriva graças, sobretudo, à confiança que os colaboradores depositam na revista. Neste sexto número, Galáxia apresenta contribuições inéditas para se compreender a dimensão sensorial da imagem no cinema e nas artes, a semiótica da guerra, a dinâmica dos gêneros e formatos na comunicação mediada, a noção de design como intervenção cultural, a semiose dos gestos no discurso polí­tico veiculado pela mí­dia, o imaginário e o espaço na cibercultura. Esses são alguns dos temas de que o exercí­cio competente do pensamento sobre a comunicação na cultura não pode prescindir. Para a seção fórum, o incansável investigador da imagem Jacques Aumont nos ofertou uma de suas mais recentes pesquisas sobre a base sensorial da imagem. Em seu ensaio, examina o processo de superposição a partir da continuidade da imagem móvel e da descontinuidade da montagem. Esse é um tema que não apenas redimensiona as bases semióticas do cinema, como também revela a interferência que o processo cinematográfico continua exercendo na constituição da linguagem audiovisual como um todo. A abordagem de Aumont é surpreendente e, até agora, única, daí­ a decisão de dedicar a ela todo o espaço da seção. Trata-se de um trabalho que teve uma edição restrita no Les Cahiers du Musée National d'Art Modern (MNAM de Paris, uma publicação quadrimestral, editada por Jean-Pierre Criqui (historiador e crí­tico de arte, e voltada para a discussão da arte contemporânea na França. Vinculado ao Centre

  14. Utility bill comprehension in the commercial and industrialsector: results of field research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Payne, Christopher T.

    2000-06-02

    This paper presents the results of interviews conducted with 44 business people in 10 states to examine the use of the utility bill as an information mechanism for providing businesses with the relationship between energy consumption and cost. Our results indicate that there are significant barriers to the use of the utility bill as an information tool for energy consumers. Furthermore, we found significant variations among respondents in the information desired from the bill, and differences in decision-making criteria for investments aimed at reducing energy consumption and for those aimed at other forms of waste minimization. These results call into question the applicability of standard market theories in the purchase of energy by most businesses.

  15. 论票据质押之设立方式%Ways of Making Pledge Bill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋翔

    2011-01-01

    The item 224th in "Property Law" and the 35th in "Bill Law" define two different ways for pledge bills, which leads to arguments and conflicts. The former requires that that the bill pledge should be developed along with written contract and bills with endorsement while the latter requires the "pledge" document. They are not contradictory in nature but there are different effect and functions. According to the characteristics of bill act, the "Bill Law" is more favorable for the right of Pawnees.%《物权法》第224条与《票据法》第35条规定了两种不同票据质押的设立方式,引起纷争。前者规定票据质押设立的要件为订立书面合同并交付票据,后者规定要件为作“质押”背书。二者在实质上并不冲突,为基础关系和票据关系的关系,二者设立的票据权利上的质押效力不同、行使方式不同。依据票据行为特征,根据《票据法》设立票据质押更有利于保障质权人的权利。

  16. The Treasury Bill Auction and the When-Issued Market: Some Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Bikhchandani, S; Edsparr, P.; Huang, C.

    2000-01-01

    We empirically examine the link between the when-issued market and the auction for Treasury bills. We find that on average it is cheaper to buy Treasury bills in the auction than in the when-issued market just before the auction closes. Surprisingly, primary dealers often submit bids in the auction that are higher in price than the concurrent when-issued ask price. We present evidence to show that this is due to the cost of revealing positive information too early by trading in when-issued ma...

  17. The declining supply of treasury bills and the Canadian money market

    OpenAIRE

    Serge Boisvert; Nancy Harvey

    1998-01-01

    The supply of treasury bills has fallen considerably since 1995, reflecting a decline in the financing needs of the Canadian government and a change in its debt-management strategy. This has had a major impact on different segments of the money market. Among the various implications of this development, the authors point out the decrease in turnover and, hence, liquidity in the treasury bill market since 1995, as well as high rates of growth in the market for short-term interest rate derivati...

  18. THE “NAKED FACE” OF SECULAR EXCLUSION: BILL 94 AND THE PRIVATIZATION OF BELIEF

    OpenAIRE

    Pascale Fournier; Erica See

    2015-01-01

    This article will consider the case study of Québec’s Bill 94 (An Act to establish guidelines governing accommodation requests within the Administration and certain institutions), introduced in March 2010, one of many recent bans imposed on the wearing of the niqab in the West. Citing the importance of “the right to gender equality and the principle of religious neutrality of the State,” Bill 94 emphasizes the necessity of “un visage découvert” or “naked face” when giving or receiving a broad...

  19. Bill related to the struggle against proliferation of mass destruction weapons and their vectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bill indicates the modifications brought to different French laws and codes (penal code, defence code, custom code) and defines provisions and penalties within the frame of struggle against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear weapons, biological weapons and toxin-based weapons, chemical weapons), and against the proliferation of their vectors. These modifications, provisions and penalties also concern double-use products. The bill also defines the modifications brought to the French penal procedure code. It finally addresses offenses related to these proliferations which can be considered as an act of terrorism

  20. Errors Made By The Speakers In Face To Face With Bill Gates Broadcasted On Metro Tv

    OpenAIRE

    Yuly, Florence

    2015-01-01

    This thesis entitled Errors Made by The Speakers in Face to Face with Bill Gates. This thesis discusses about the speech errors that are found in the speeches of the speakers during the interview session in Face to Face With Bill Gates broadcasted on Metro TV by using library research and field research. The analysis in this thesis is focused on the common types of speech errors based on Clark and Clark’s (1977) theory such as silent pause, filled pause, repeat, retraced false start, unretrac...

  1. Roger House, Blue Smoke: The Recorded Journey of Big Bill Broonzy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian O’Connell

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available It is surprising that a full biography of Big Bill Broonzy has not appeared since Yannick Bruynoghe’s collection of interviews with the singer in Big Bill Blues (1955. Broonzy recorded just under a thousand sides in his career, making him one of the most widely recorded blues musicians of the twentieth century. He was also one of the most important sources of information for blues scholars such as Alan Lomax and Paul Oliver who would go on to write up the history of the music. However, in th...

  2. Roger House, Blue Smoke: The Recorded Journey of Big Bill Broonzy.

    OpenAIRE

    Christian O’Connell

    2011-01-01

    It is surprising that a full biography of Big Bill Broonzy has not appeared since Yannick Bruynoghe’s collection of interviews with the singer in Big Bill Blues (1955). Broonzy recorded just under a thousand sides in his career, making him one of the most widely recorded blues musicians of the twentieth century. He was also one of the most important sources of information for blues scholars such as Alan Lomax and Paul Oliver who would go on to write up the history of the music. However, in th...

  3. Killing the bill online? Pathways to young people's protest engagement via social media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macafee, Timothy; De Simone, J J

    2012-11-01

    In spring 2011, thousands of Wisconsin residents protested a controversial bill spearheaded by Governor Scott Walker. Protest engagement via social media was popular, especially among young people. The current study examines the relationship between young people's informational and expressive uses of four social media-Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and Blogs-and their offline protest engagement. Survey results reveal that although college students used these social media to obtain information about the budget repair bill protests, only expressive uses related to offline protest engagement. We move research forward by examining the implications of multiple uses of political social media surrounding a compelling case study. PMID:23002983

  4. Optics along the Rio Grande Research Corridor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New Mexico's scientific, technological, and educational resources are concentrated along a 300-mile stretch of the Rio Grande, from Los Alamos in the north to the Las Cruces in the south. This area contains two major multidisciplinary national laboratories (Los Alamos and Sandia), three military R and D centers, three state universities, and numerous other technology-based organizations, including a growing number of ''high-tech'' businesses and industries. The state of New Mexico has initiated a program to develop these resources for economic growth through the establishment of the Rio Grande Research Corridor. Much of the future development along the Corridor will involve optics and optical technologies. This session of the Southwest Conference on Optics reviewed the various projects in the Rio Grande Research Corridor, focusing on applications of optics

  5. Sumário/Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comissão Editorial

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A revista Galáxia surgiu no cenário intelectual nacional para atestar que a vitalidade das múltiplas confluências entre Comunicação e Semiótica delimitava um campo de conhecimento maduro capaz de produzir a sua própria revista cientí­fica. Fiel ao seu nome - homenagem a Haroldo de Campos, que, em poema homônimo, sinalizava para o conví­vio entre fronteiras -, a revista assumiu sua vocação transdisciplinar. O Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Comunicação e Semiótica da PUC/SP confiou o projeto inicial do periódico a Irene Machado, que respondeu, de forma notável, pela editoria cientí­fica dos sete primeiros números. A dedicação de Irene Machado contribuiu para consolidar a proposta dos trânsitos e fluxos de idéias como fatores de fomento da diversidade que marca a Comunicação como campo cientí­fico. Sem esse competente trabalho, a revista não teria alcançado o significativo patamar Nacional A na escala de avaliação do sistema Qualis/CAPES. Nessa esteira, feita em nome do Programa, os rigores de edição do presente volume ficaram a cargo de uma comissão composta por Lucrécia D'Aléssio Ferrara, Ana Claudia de Oliveira, Eugênio Trivinho e Helena Katz. Galáxia 8 apresenta uma dupla articulação na seção "Fórum". José Luiz Fiorin mostra as contribuições de uma teoria da significação para a compreensão dos fenômenos comunicacionais, que não se restringem ao âmbito da produção de massa. Eric Landowski, por sua vez, chama a atenção para um outro regime de interpretação das encenações do corpo numa detalhada análise ancorada em quatro dimensões especí­ficas do retrato (mimética, hermenêutica, cosmética e estética, na qual a fotografia dos homens polí­ticos na imprensa é tratada como componente de uma estratégia discursiva midiática global. A problematização dessas dimensões possibilita ao autor desenvolver uma teoria semiótica da visualidade midiática. Com essas duas

  6. Hiperparatiroidismo secundário : monografia

    OpenAIRE

    Castro, Laurinda Amélia Moreira de

    2007-01-01

    Contém um relatório de estágio curricular realizado no Centro de Saúde Professor Arnaldo Sampaio, Guimarães, e no Centro Hospitalar de Alto Ave, Unidade de Guimarães, no âmbito da licenciatura em Ciências da Nutrição pela Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação da Universidade do Porto. O exemplar do relatório de estágio existe apenas em formato papel e está disponível para consulta na Biblioteca da FCNAUP

  7. Segunda Guerra Mundial, Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo de Souza Rocha

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the National Memorial to the World War II Dead (1956-60, a monument designed by Marcos Konder Netto and Hélio Ribas Marinho, and located in Flamengo Park, Rio de Janeiro. We start by commenting on the debates that were going on within the Modernist movement about the need for a new monumentality. Then, we examine the memorial against the urban landscape of Rio de Janeiro and its specific architectural language. Finally, we make an effort to explain the apparent paradox found in modern monuments.

  8. Glossário de responsabilidade social

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Anabela Vaz; Jorge, Vitor Santos; Neves, Francisco; Pires, Amadora Sónia; Benedito, Ana; Saramago, Ana; Rodrigues, Isabel; Velhas, Margarida; Oliveira, Paula; Fidalgo, Maria do Rosário; Elias, Isabel; Jesus, Clara de; Nunes, Bruno; Santos, Regina; Araújo, Sandra

    2013-01-01

    Este Glossário de Responsabilidade Social foi desenvolvido no âmbito da Rede RSO PT, no Grupo de Trabalho da ISO 26 000 (GT ISO 26000). A missão do GT ISO 26000 consiste em promover e aprofundar o conhecimento sobre a norma NP ISO 26000 Linhas de Orientação para a Responsabilidade Social. O Glossário de Responsabilidade Social seguiu a estrutura da norma de referência NP ISO 26000 Linhas de orientação para a responsabilidade social, pelo que os termos se encontram associados aos sete temas...

  9. Rio de Janeiro as Brazilian journalism capital

    OpenAIRE

    Marcello Rollemberg

    2008-01-01

    The book paints a broad picture of the history of Rio press since the turn of the century Nineteenth to the twentieth century until the early years of the century, showing its influence on the rest of Brazil. The technological and stylistic innovations of the press, so as the social, cultural and political as much of Rio de Janeiro - until 1960 capital of the Republic - the country are also analyzed and presented by author, writing an important social web in which journalism has a role predom...

  10. Bill Gates, If You're so Rich, How Come You're Not Smart? Point of View Essay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracey, Gerald

    2005-01-01

    Bill Gates and the governors were quite vague about what makes the schools obsolete or what to do about it. What is it, exactly, that schools are not teaching that they need to? Bill Gates also claimed that American kids were at the top in fourth grade, but at the bottom by 12th. The author congratulates Gates for focusing some attention on…

  11. Short-term exposure to testosterone propionate leads to rapid bill color and dominance changes in zebra finches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardia, Daniel R; Broughton, Deanna R; Gleicher, Michael J

    2010-08-01

    Testosterone (T) can influence both male-male competition and mate choice displays. In zebra finches, female mate choice is based in part on bill color, and bill color has been shown to be enhanced by long-term testosterone supplementation. However, it is not clear whether bill color plays a role in male-male interactions and how bill color responds to shorter-term changes in T. We tested whether a single injection of testosterone propionate (TP) would influence male-male dominance interactions and lead to rapid (over a three-day period) changes in bill color. In addition, we tested whether bill color predicted aggression and dominance. We allowed birds in triads to establish hierarchies and then injected either dominant or subordinate individuals with TP, in addition to establishing sham control triads. We found that red chroma, but not hue, predicted aggressiveness of males. Exposure to TP led both dominant and subordinate birds to increase dominance scores over three days, longer than the bill. Our results suggest that zebra finches can modulate T and bill color levels over short time periods and these changes may occur through positive feedback between T-levels and dominance. PMID:20406643

  12. 78 FR 69878 - AT&T Corporation, a Subsidiary of AT&T Inc., Business Billing Customer Care, Pittsburgh...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... in the Federal Register on July 2, 2013 (78 FR 39776). Workers at the subject firm were engaged in... Employment and Training Administration AT&T Corporation, a Subsidiary of AT&T Inc., Business Billing Customer..., a subsidiary of AT&T Inc., Business Billing Customer Care, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (subject...

  13. 41 CFR 102-118.530 - Will GSA instruct my agency's disbursing offices to offset unpaid TSP billings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Will GSA instruct my agency's disbursing offices to offset unpaid TSP billings? 102-118.530 Section 102-118.530 Public... to offset unpaid TSP billings? Yes, GSA will instruct one or more of your agency's disbursing...

  14. Sumário/Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comissão Editorial

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Galáxia: Revista Transdisciplinar de Comunicação, Semiótica, Cultura, editada pelo Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Comunicação e Semiótica (PUC-SP, amplia, com a publicação deste número 9, a sua consolidação como periódico de divulgação científica de pesquisas e, sobretudo, como espaço incentivador do trânsito de idéias e do diálogo teórico entre investigadores nacionais e internacionais da área de Comunicação e afins. Procura propor paradigmas para a definição dos objetos científicos da área desafiada pelo desenvolvimento tecnológico da informação e pela crescente expansão da economia globalizada e da mundialização da cultura. O presente número confirma o projeto em que se aliam comunicação, semiótica, cultura, tecnologia e informação. Nessa integração, e dentre os temas do volume, destaca-se o espaço, que, lido em sua organização e mediação sígnica, permite compreender as dinâmicas culturais que lhe dão suporte. Na seção "Fórum", Manar Hammad, pesquisador francês da Falculté d'Architecture de Versailles, apresenta uma leitura semiótica do Santuário de Bel, conjunto religioso monumental da antiga Síria, situado na cidade de Tadmor-Palmira. Atualmente, o templo não é senão um complexo em ruínas ou pouco conservado, mas ainda oferece à leitura os alicerces de sua construção e os pilares de crenças que nortearam a civilização modelada por valores gregos que atestam um sincretismo básico para a compreensão da cultura do antigo oriente. A leitura da construção semiótica desse conjunto de relações sígnicas permite flagrar os procedimentos de enunciação que superam o âmbito do verbal para atingir a complexidade dos signos não-verbais e, notadamente, do espaço. Utilizando sua formação arquitetônica, mas superando os limites perceptivos de um espaço simplesmente físico ou tecnicamente edificado, Manar Hammad procura apreender o processo

  15. Tarantino's Chicks - Gender Roles and Feminist Subversion in Kill Bill and Inglourious Basterds

    OpenAIRE

    Tøsse, Natascha

    2013-01-01

    The thesis analyses Kill Bill and Inglourious Basterds from an eclectic theoretical perspective. Gaze, language, Fraiman's adrenaline shot and the psychological understandings of gender as a construct and a performative are what lay the basis for attempting to figure out what Tarantino’s leading ladies can teach us about gender roles in western society.

  16. 75 FR 72773 - Empowering Consumers to Avoid Bill Shock; Consumer Information and Disclosure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ..., including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. In addition... monitor usage history. The Commission seeks additional information about the methods available for... received in response to the Bill Shock PN, published at 75 FR 28249, May 20, 2010, it may be easier for...

  17. 2004 energy bill of the France; Facture energetique de la France en 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document analyzes the energy bill in France (28,35 milliards of euros), which increased of 24,1 % in 2004. This increase is due to the net imports and especially the fossil fuels. Statistical data and the presentation of Patrick Devedjian, delegated ministry for the Industry, illustrate this economic analysis. (A.L.B.)

  18. Economic Aspects of Higher Education Taken Under the World War II Bill of Rights. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggertsson, Thrainn

    The aim of this thesis is to bring to bear the concepts, tools, and theories of human capital and human resources economics to evaluate the Federal Government's massive involvement in higher education under the World War II GI Bill of Rights. The major findings include estimates of total human capital formation by education, both during and after…

  19. Bill-and-Keep vs. Cost-Based Access Pricing Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Ulrich Berger

    2004-01-01

    We study network competition with two-part tariffs and termination-based price discrimination in the presence of call externalities. We show that both the collusive and the welfare maximizing access charges fall below marginal cost. Moreover, bill-and-keep arrangements are welfare improving compared with cost-based access pricing.

  20. Bill project on energy transition for a green growth - Nr 2188. Impact study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document first proposes a statement by the Minister on Ecology on the motivations of the French bill project on energy transition which notably addresses the development of new energies, expresses a strong political commitment on energy, addresses the big issue of energy saving (with objectives of job creation and price reduction in the building sector), promotes a development of renewable energies based on local resources, aims at the emergence of citizen participation in energy choices and issues. The content of the bill project is then commented. The main addressed issues are: to define common objectives for a successful energy transition, an energy independence and for the struggle against climate change, a better renovation of buildings to save energy, to reduce prices and to create jobs, to develop clean transports to improve air quality and to protect health, to struggle against energy wastes and to promote circular economy, to promote renewable energies, to strengthen nuclear safety and citizen information, to simplify and clarify procedures, to enable citizens, local communities and the State to act together. The document then proposes the text of the bill project. A second part is a report of an impact study of these different issues and objectives addressed in the bill project

  1. Teaching Undergraduate Money and Banking: T-Bill Auctions and Stock Market Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saros, Daniel E.

    2009-01-01

    The author offers innovative approaches to 3 topics that are typically only briefly mentioned (if at all) in money and banking courses. The first topic is a Treasury bill auction experiment in which students have an opportunity to participate directly. The results from a class of 14 money and banking students are used to explain how an instructor…

  2. At CES Paul Allen beaming about Hawks, wishing Bill Gates well

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    when word came out that he and Bill Gates were supporting a spectacular new telescope with $30 million in donations. E-mail was apparently a little spotty on the yacht, but he responded last night to a few questions about the LSST project:

  3. Christian Librarians and the Ethics of the Library Bill of Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Kaihoi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study is the follow up to a pilot study entitled “Christian Librarians and the Library Bill of Rights: a survey of opinions and professional practice” published in the Spring 2014 issue of The Christian Librarian.  Using an online survey, it sought to discover how librarians working in a variety of contexts who self-identified as Christians responded to the ALA’s ethical standards as embodied in the Library Bill of Rights.  The results showed general support for the Library Bill of Rights and its ethics, though a majority of respondents had at least some way in which they adhered to the Library Bill of Rights less than fully, and a significant minority (around 40% had areas in which they differed with its ethics, usually in the form of feeling that certain types of content (e.g., pornography, harmful materials, etc. could or should be limited.  The responses in this survey would seem to support the notion that many Christian librarians do sometimes perceive a need to place the value of defending what they perceive to be true and right above the call to remain professionally impartial about certain kinds of content.

  4. Utah Legislators Delay Action on NCLB Bill: Meetings between State, Federal Officials Precede Postponement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Michelle R.

    2005-01-01

    A nationally watched showdown between the U.S. Department of Education and Utah state officials over the requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act came down to a cliffhanger in the last days of the legislative session when a final vote on a bill that calls for state education laws to take priority over the federal law was postponed. The feud…

  5. Mining Power and Hydrocarbon Consciousness from the Monthly Electricity Bill: A Classroom Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, William P., Jr.

    2007-01-01

    Residential monthly electricity bills provided by students in physics classes served as data for a project designed to help them develop a sense of scale for electric energy consumption referenced to their own electric lifestyles and insight into how these lifestyles depend heavily on various naturally occurring terrestrial hydrocarbon resources.…

  6. Aspects of chick growth in Gull-billed Terns in coastal Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwin, R.M.; Eyler, T.B.; Stotts, D.B.; Hatfield, J.S.

    1999-01-01

    Because of concerns about apparent population declines and low productivity of Gull-billed Terns (Sterna nilotica) along the coast of Virginia, we investigated whether food limitations may result in retarded growth rates of young. Several colonies of Gull-billed Terns were monitored from May to July each year from 1994 to 1996 on both sandy barrier islands and marsh/shellpile islands in coastal Virginia. Nests were visited one to three times a week to monitor clutch size and hatching success, and enclosures were installed around selected nests to monitor chick growth from hatching to at least two weeks of age. When comparing chick growth, we found significant year, habitat and hatch order effects. Chicks from marsh shellpiles had higher mass and culmen growth rates than did those from barrier islands, and first-hatched (A) chicks had significantly higher culmen growth rates than did second-hatched (B) chicks. Year effects were only found for mass growth rates. Growth rates of Gull- billed Terns in these Virginia colonies seem to be low relative to those of six other North American tern species from other geographic areas. These findings suggest that growth rates of young Gull-billed Terns, as well as other reproductive parameters, need to be examined in detail in other coastal areas such as Texas, where the species is more abundant, to determine whether our growth results are species- or region-specific.

  7. Impact of the ring-billed gull (Larus delawarensis) on the microbiological quality of recreational water.

    OpenAIRE

    Benoît Leévesque; P. Brousseau; Simard, P; Dewailly, E; Meisels, M; Ramsay, D; Joly, J

    1993-01-01

    We evaluated the impact of the ring-billed gull (Larus delawarensis) on the microbiological quality of water. We measured fecal coliforms, Salmonella spp., and Aeromonas spp. in the gull droppings and the number of fecal coliforms in the water prior to and after attracting these birds to the beach with food. Gulls can contribute to the bacteriological degradation of recreational water.

  8. 78 FR 70584 - ATOS IT Solutions & Services, Inc., Billing and Collections Department, Including Workers Whose...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... for the subject firm. The notice was published in the Federal Register on November 6, 2013 (78 FR... Employment and Training Administration ATOS IT Solutions & Services, Inc., Billing and Collections Department, Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages are Reported Through Siemens IT Solutions...

  9. 40 CFR 52.1392 - Federal Implementation Plan for the Billings/Laurel Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... approved at 40 CFR 52.1370(c)(46) and (52). In cases where the provisions of this FIP address emissions... Audit (RAA) which meets the requirements of 40 CFR part 60, Appendix F, within eight (8) hours of when... Billings/Laurel Area. 52.1392 Section 52.1392 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

  10. 77 FR 20747 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT...

  11. A Descriptive Study of Students with Disabilities at Montana State University Billings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell, Thomas Francis

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze how the characteristics of age, major and type of disabilities for students who received services through Disability Support Services at Montana State University-Billings have changed from 1999 to 2011. Furthermore, this analysis contrasted local trends for types of disabilities with national…

  12. Specimen-based modeling, stopping rules, and the extinction of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.; Chao, Anne; Colwell, Robert K.; Hwang, Wen-Han; Graves, Gary R.

    2012-01-01

    stopping rules for terminating the search for missing or allegedly extinct species. These stopping rules are based on survey data for counts of co-occurring species that are encountered in the search for a target species. We illustrate both these methods with a case study of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker...

  13. SU-A-210-01: Why Should We Learn Radiation Oncology Billing?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, H. [Willis-Knighton Medical Center (United States)

    2015-06-15

    The purpose of this student annual meeting is to address topics that are becoming more relevant to medical physicists, but are not frequently addressed, especially for students and trainees just entering the field. The talk is divided into two parts: medical billing and regulations. Hsinshun Wu – Why should we learn radiation oncology billing? Many medical physicists do not like to be involved with medical billing or coding during their career. They believe billing is not their responsibility and sometimes they even refuse to participate in the billing process if given the chance. This presentation will talk about a physicist’s long career and share his own experience that knowing medical billing is not only important and necessary for every young medical physicist, but that good billing knowledge could provide a valuable contribution to his/her medical physics development. Learning Objectives: The audience will learn the basic definition of Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes performed in a Radiation Oncology Department. Understand the differences between hospital coding and physician-based or freestanding coding. Apply proper CPT coding for each Radiation Oncology procedure. Each procedure with its specific CPT code will be discussed in detail. The talk will focus on the process of care and use of actual workflow to understand each CPT code. Example coding of a typical Radiation Oncology procedure. Special procedure coding such as brachytherapy, proton therapy, radiosurgery, and SBRT. Maryann Abogunde – Medical physics opportunities at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) The NRC’s responsibilities include the regulation of medical uses of byproduct (radioactive) materials and oversight of medical use end-users (licensees) through a combination of regulatory requirements, licensing, safety oversight including inspection and enforcement, operational experience evaluation, and regulatory support activities. This presentation will explore the

  14. SU-A-210-01: Why Should We Learn Radiation Oncology Billing?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this student annual meeting is to address topics that are becoming more relevant to medical physicists, but are not frequently addressed, especially for students and trainees just entering the field. The talk is divided into two parts: medical billing and regulations. Hsinshun Wu – Why should we learn radiation oncology billing? Many medical physicists do not like to be involved with medical billing or coding during their career. They believe billing is not their responsibility and sometimes they even refuse to participate in the billing process if given the chance. This presentation will talk about a physicist’s long career and share his own experience that knowing medical billing is not only important and necessary for every young medical physicist, but that good billing knowledge could provide a valuable contribution to his/her medical physics development. Learning Objectives: The audience will learn the basic definition of Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes performed in a Radiation Oncology Department. Understand the differences between hospital coding and physician-based or freestanding coding. Apply proper CPT coding for each Radiation Oncology procedure. Each procedure with its specific CPT code will be discussed in detail. The talk will focus on the process of care and use of actual workflow to understand each CPT code. Example coding of a typical Radiation Oncology procedure. Special procedure coding such as brachytherapy, proton therapy, radiosurgery, and SBRT. Maryann Abogunde – Medical physics opportunities at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) The NRC’s responsibilities include the regulation of medical uses of byproduct (radioactive) materials and oversight of medical use end-users (licensees) through a combination of regulatory requirements, licensing, safety oversight including inspection and enforcement, operational experience evaluation, and regulatory support activities. This presentation will explore the

  15. Explanatory guide: Rio 2016 Paralympic Games

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Published in August 2015, the Explanatory Guides offer a detailed introduction to each sport at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games, as well as providing information on a variety of other fundamental topics that may be of importance to teams as they continue their planning and preparations.

  16. Um Visitante do Rio de Janeiro Colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean M. Carvalho França

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto que se segue é a tradução de um manuscrito francês, intitulado Relâche du Vaisseau L'Arc-en-ciel à Rio de Janeiro, 1748, que se encontra na Biblioteca da Ajuda, em Lisboa. Trata-se de um relato anônimo, que dá conta da passagem do navio francês L'Arc-en-ciel pelo porto carioca. Tal relato, um curioso documento para a história dos nossos costumes, contém uma descrição da baía da Guanabara e da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, uma pequena análise do caráter da gente portuguesa do Brasil, um perfil do Governador Dom Fernando Freire e algumas considerações gerais sobre a situação do porto local e sobre os víveres disponíveis na região.The following text is a translation of a French manuscript named Relachê du Vaisseau L'Arc-en-ciel à Rio de Janeiro, 1748, which is in Biblioteca da Ajuda (Ajuda Library in Lisbon. It is an anonymous report and relates the stay of the French ship L'Arc-en-ciel in Rio de Janeiro harbour. Such report, a curious document for the history of our customs, has a description of Guanabara bay and Rio de Janeiro city, a brief analysis of the character of the Portuguese people in Brazil, a prolife of Governor Dom Fernando Freire and some considerations of the situation of local harbour and on the provisions available in that region.

  17. ICLEI submission for Rio+20. Contribution to the Zero Draft of the Rio+20 outcome document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-10-31

    ICLEI is an association of over 1200 local government Members who are committed to sustainable development. This document is ICLEI's submission to the zero draft document being developed for RIO+20, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, scheduled for June 2012 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the paper, ICLEI calls for a UN Decade of Sustainable Urbanization to raise awareness, create synergies and to share solutions and good practices.

  18. TEORÍA DE BILL MUNDY EN EL MECANIZADO DE COBRE CON BROCAS Y MACHOS ESPECIALES BILL MUNDY THEORY. SPECIAL DRILLS AND TAPS TOOLS IN COPPER MACHINING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Colque C

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El mecanizado del cobre, debido a su fluidez, produce una viruta plástica y continua que afecta la calidad superficial de las piezas mecanizadas. El método desarrollado por el ingeniero norteamericano Bill Mundy permite obtener el mejor ángulo de corte para mecanizar un material. El taladrado y el roscado con machos son dos procesos de mecanizado que tienen aspectos en común. Diseños de nuevas herramientas, nuevos materiales y técnicas de mecanizado, mejorías en la lubricación, diferentes velocidades de corte y avances, son variables que se deben estudiar para obtener una menor potencia, mayor duración de la herramienta y buen acabado superficial. En este trabajo probetas de cobre fueron ensayadas a tracción y se determinó experimentalmente el ángulo efectivo de corte, de acuerdo con la teoría de Bill Mundy. Posteriormente se fabricaron nuevas probetas que fueron perforadas con brocas tipo H, N y W, con refrigeración externa, refrigeración interna y en seco. Se usaron machos de máquina de dos y tres hélices. En cada perforación se midió la velocidad de rotación, avance, fuerza de corte, momento torsor y potencia necesaria. Se verificó que en el taladrado de cobre un ángulo mayor de la hélice favorece el desmenuzado de la viruta y disminuye el momento torsor. Brocas con refrigeración interna pueden ser utilizadas con mayores velocidades y muestran una mejor calidad superficial del perforado. Las brocas y machos con un ángulo de ataque próximo al ángulo calculado experimentalmente por la teoría de Bill Mundy muestran un buen comportamiento en el mecanizado y menor consumo de potencia.Copper drilling produces plastic and continuous chip. Bill Mundy a North American engineer developed a method who allows determines experimentally the best cutting angle material machining. Drilling and threading processes has several aspects in common. New tools design, new materials, new techniques, new lubrication and cooling improvement

  19. TEORÍA DE BILL MUNDY EN EL MECANIZADO DE COBRE CON BROCAS Y MACHOS ESPECIALES BILL MUNDY THEORY. SPECIAL DRILLS AND TAPS TOOLS IN COPPER MACHINING

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Colque C; Alfredo Coria C; Juan M Godoy R; Jorge Vergara D

    2008-01-01

    El mecanizado del cobre, debido a su fluidez, produce una viruta plástica y continua que afecta la calidad superficial de las piezas mecanizadas. El método desarrollado por el ingeniero norteamericano Bill Mundy permite obtener el mejor ángulo de corte para mecanizar un material. El taladrado y el roscado con machos son dos procesos de mecanizado que tienen aspectos en común. Diseños de nuevas herramientas, nuevos materiales y técnicas de mecanizado, mejorías en la lubricación, diferentes vel...

  20. Na Primeira Margem do Rio: Território e Ecologia do Povo Xavante de Wedezé

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholas C. Kawa

    2014-01-01

    Review of Na Primeira Margem do Rio: Território e Ecologia do Povo Xavante de Wedezé. James R Welch, Ricardo Ventura Santos, Nancy M. Flowers, and Carlos E. A. Coimbra Jr. 2012. Museu do Índio/FUNAI, Rio de Janeiro. Pp. 244. ISBN 978-85-85986-46-9.

  1. The role of MNB bills in domestic financial markets. What is the connection between the large volume of MNB bills, bank lending and demand in the government securities markets?

    OpenAIRE

    Csaba Balogh

    2009-01-01

    The two-week MNB bill is a central component of Hungary’s monetary policy instruments; it is a key instrument of the central bank, the interest rate of which is identical to the central bank base rate. By mid-2009, the outstanding amount of MNB bills reached HUF 3,000 billion, which – in addition to representing one third of the central bank’s liabilities – accounts for a significant part of the domestic banking sector’s liquid assets. By using the two-week bill to absorb the excess liquidity...

  2. The Impact of Treasury Bill Rate and Interest Rate On The Stock Market Returns: Case Of Ghana Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustine  Addo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Several studies have suggested that macroeconomic variables affect Stock market returns using Treasury bill rate as a measure of interest rate. The study examines the joint impact of  interest rates and Treasury bill rate on  stock market returns on Ghana Stock Exchange over the period between January 1995 and December 2011. Using Johansen’s Multivariate Cointegration Model and Vector Error  Correction Model the study establish that there is cointegration between Interest rate, Treasury bill rate and stock market returns indicating long run relationship. On the basis of the Multiple Regression Analysis (OLS carried out by Eviews 7 program, the results show that Treasury bill rate and interest rate both have a negative relationship with stock market returns but  are not  significant. These results lend support to the idea that interest rate and Treasury bill rate has both  negative  relationship  but  weak predictive  power on stock market returns independently. The study conclude that interest rate and Treasury bill rate jointly impact on stock market returns in the long run. Understanding the effects of both  Treasury bill rate and interest rate dynamics on stock market returns will help investors, fund  and portfolio managers and firms make better investment decisions.

  3. Vigilando la Calidad del Agua de los Grandes Rios de la Nacion: El Programa NASQAN del Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lurry, Dee L.; Reutter, David C.; Wells, Frank C.; Rivera, M.C., (translator); Munoz, A.

    1998-01-01

    La Oficina del Estudio Geologico de los Estados Unidos (U.S. Geological Survey, 0 USGS) ha monitoreado la calidad del agua de la cuenca del Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte) desde 1995 como parte de la rediseiiada Red Nacional para Contabilizar la Calidad del Agua de los Rios (National Stream Quality Accounting Network, o NASOAN) (Hooper and others, 1997). EI programa NASOAN fue diseiiado para caracterizar las concentraciones y el transporte de sedimento y constituyentes quimicos seleccionados, encontrados en los grandes rios de los Estados Unidos - incluyendo el Misisipi, el Colorado y el Columbia, ademas del Rio Grande. En estas cuatro cuencas, el USGS opera actualmente (1998) una red de 40 puntos de muestreo pertenecientes a NASOAN, con un enfasis en cuantificar el flujo en masa (la cantidad de material que pasa por la estacion, expresado en toneladas por dial para cada constituyente. Aplicacando un enfoque consistente, basado en la cuantificacion de flujos en la cuenca del Rio Grande, el programa NASOAN esta generando la informacion necesaria para identificar fuentes regionales de diversos contaminantes, incluyendo sustancias qui micas agricolas y trazas elementos en la cuenca. EI efecto de las grandes reservas en el Rio Grande se puede observar segun los flujos de constituyentes discurren a 10 largo del rio. EI analisis de los flujos de constituyentes a escala de la cuenca proveera los medios para evaluar la influencia de la actividad humana sobre las condiciones de calidad del agua del Rio Grande.

  4. Synthesis of national reports for Rio+20

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-01-15

    In the lead up to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), which took place in Brazil in June 2012, there were numerous efforts in countries around the world to help governments, civil society organizations and individuals prepare for the event. One of the more significant efforts led by UNDP in collaboration with the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) was a support programme to 72 countries across all regions to build a consensus on national views around the themes and objectives of the Rio+20 Conference. This report highlights significant advances in sustainable development from almost 60 country reports and underscores the challenges and bottlenecks to moving beyond the economic-led growth strategies of the past 20 years.

  5. History of leprosy in Rio de Janeiro*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avelleira, João Carlos Regazzi; Bernardes, Fred; Quaresma, Maria Victória; Vianna, Francisco Reis

    2014-01-01

    The record of the first cases of leprosy in Rio de Janeiro dates from the seventeenth century. The first local host of leprosy patients was created from 1741, and the first colonies hospitals were built in the early twentieth century, in order to avoid contagion of the population. The first structures dedicated to research also date from this time: the Leprosy International Institute, the Leprology Institute, and the Leprosy Laboratory of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, where the most prestigious leprologists of Rio de Janeiro worked. Currently, investigations are focused on the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation; additionally, leprosy patients are treated at municipal health centers and state hospitals, and former colony hospitals only accept patients with severe disabilities. PMID:24937834

  6. History of leprosy in Rio de Janeiro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avelleira, João Carlos Regazzi; Bernardes Filho, Fred; Quaresma, Maria Victória; Vianna, Francisco Reis

    2014-01-01

    The record of the first cases of leprosy in Rio de Janeiro dates from the seventeenth century. The first local host of leprosy patients was created from 1741, and the first colonies hospitals were built in the early twentieth century, in order to avoid contagion of the population. The first structures dedicated to research also date from this time: the Leprosy International Institute, the Leprology Institute, and the Leprosy Laboratory of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, where the most prestigious leprologists of Rio de Janeiro worked. Currently, investigations are focused on the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation; additionally, leprosy patients are treated at municipal health centers and state hospitals, and former colony hospitals only accept patients with severe disabilities. PMID:24937834

  7. The benefit from reduced energy import bills and the importance of energy prices in GHG reduction scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The POLES energy model has been used to assess Asia's role in combating climate change and the benefits it stands to gain. This paper focuses on the role of major Asian economies in the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the benefits to their economies from reduced energy import bills. The costs of reaching ambitious emission reduction targets are offset by significant ancillary benefits, such as reduced energy import bills. Lower energy prices account for a share of the import bill reductions.

  8. Agriculture, Rio Sao Francisco, Brazil, South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    The large field patterns in this view of the Rio Sao Francisco basin, Brazil, South America, (11.5S, 43.5W) indicate a commercial agriculture venture; family subsistence farms are much smaller and laid out in different patterns. Land clearing in Brazil has increased at an alarming rate in recent years and preliminary estimates suggest a 25 to 30% increase in deforestation since 1984. The long term impact on the ecological processes are still unknown.

  9. The impact of gun control (Bill C-51) on suicide in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leenaars, Antoon A; Moksony, Ferenc; Lester, David; Wenckstern, Susanne

    2003-01-01

    Suicide is a multiply determined behavior, calling for diverse prevention efforts. Gun control has been proposed as an important component of society's response, and an opportunity for studying the effects of legislative gun control laws on suicide rates was provided by Canada's Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1977 (Bill C-51). This article reviews previous studies of the impact of this act on the total population of Canada and subpopulations by age and gender and, in addition, presents the results of 2 new studies: a different method of analysis, an interrupted time-series analysis, and the results of a multiple regression analysis that controls for some social variables. It appears that Bill C-51 may have had an impact on suicide rates, even after controls for social variables. PMID:12675070

  10. Bill Gates. El constructor de un mundo digital: de Microsoft a la filantropía

    OpenAIRE

    Sáez Vacas, Fernando

    2006-01-01

    Creo haber leído alguna vez que Bill Gates es la persona más rica del mundo, lo que me indica que hay alguien, que no es el fisco, que dedica su tiempo a contar la riqueza de los ricos. Menos mal que también hay quien, como la Fundación Príncipe de Asturias,hace algo más útil, como es ocuparse de valorar y ensalzar la parte de su riqueza que algunos ricos destinan a resolver los problemas de los pobres del mundo. Así es como ha decidido premiar a la Fundación Bill y Melinda Gates por su...

  11. War and Marriage: Assortative Mating and the World War II GI Bill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Matthew F; McCarthy, T J; Moulton, Jeremy G; Page, Marianne E; Patel, Ankur J

    2015-10-01

    World War II and its subsequent GI Bill have been widely credited with playing a transformative role in American society, but there have been few quantitative analyses of these historical events' broad social effects. We exploit between-cohort variation in the probability of military service to investigate how WWII and the GI Bill altered the structure of marriage, and find that it had important spillover effects beyond its direct effect on men's educational attainment. Our results suggest that the additional education received by returning veterans caused them to "sort" into wives with significantly higher levels of education. This suggests an important mechanism by which socioeconomic status may be passed on to the next generation. PMID:26432797

  12. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary); Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman); Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor)

    2012-02-28

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

  13. BILL2D - A software package for classical two-dimensional Hamiltonian systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solanpää, J.; Luukko, P. J. J.; Räsänen, E.

    2016-02-01

    We present BILL2D, a modern and efficient C++ package for classical simulations of two-dimensional Hamiltonian systems. BILL2D can be used for various billiard and diffusion problems with one or more charged particles with interactions, different external potentials, an external magnetic field, periodic and open boundaries, etc. The software package can also calculate many key quantities in complex systems such as Poincaré sections, survival probabilities, and diffusion coefficients. While aiming at a large class of applicable systems, the code also strives for ease-of-use, efficiency, and modularity for the implementation of additional features. The package comes along with a user guide, a developer's manual, and a documentation of the application program interface (API).

  14. Rio+20 ou Rio-20?: crônica de um fracasso anunciado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Pereira Guimarães

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Passadas quatro décadas da Conferência de Estocolmo sobre o Meio Ambiente Humano, e decorridos apenas alguns meses da Rio+20, parece apropriado analisar o caminho percorrido a partir de Rio-92 e os desafios, em grande parte frustrados, da conferência recém concluída no Rio de Janeiro. Para tais propósitos, são analisados os avanços e retrocessos da agenda global de desenvolvimento sustentável, do processo preparatório e dos resultados alcançados no Rio em Junho de 2012, como também das ameaças provocadas pela nova agenda de segurança estratégica após os eventos de 11 Setembro de 2001 e pela crise econômica e financeira que já dura praticamente uma década. O artigo conclui com as perspectivas da agenda internacional nos próximos anos.Pasadas cuatro décadas desde la Conferencia de Estocolmo sobre Medio Ambiente Humano, y transcorridos tan solo algunos meses de la Rio+20, pareciera apropiado analisar el camino percorrido a partir de la Rio-92 y los desafíos, en grande parte frustrados, de la conferencia recien concluída en Rio de Janeiro. Para tales propósitos, serán analisados los avances e retrocesos en la agenda global de desarrollo sustentable, en el proceso preparatorio y en los resultados alcanzados en Rio en Junho de 2012, como también de las amenazas provocadas por la nueva agenda de segurida estratégica luego de los eventos de 11 Setembro de 2001 y por la crisis económica y financiera que ya dura prácticamente una década. El artículo concluye con las perspectivas de la agenda internacional em los próximos anos.After four decades since the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment and after just a few months of Rio+20, it seems appropriate to assess the path followed since Rio+92 and the challenges, mostly frustrated, posed by Rio+20 . For this purpose, it is analyzed the advances and shortcomings of the global agenda of sustainable development, of the preparatory process and the results achieved in Rio

  15. Raptor Use of the Rio Grande Gorge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ponton, David A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-03-20

    The Rio Grande Gorge is a 115 km long river canyon located in Southern Colorado (15 km) and Northern New Mexico (100 km). The majority of the canyon is under the administration of the Bureau of Land Management {BLM), and 77 km of the canyon south of the Colorado/New Mexico border are designated Wild River under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act of 1968. Visits I have made to the Rio Grande Gorge over the past 15 .years disclosed some raptor utilization. As the Snake River Birds of Prey Natural Area gained publicity, its similarity to the Rio Grande Gorge became obvious, and I was intrigued by the possibility of a high raptor nesting density in the Gorge. A survey in 1979 of 20 km of the northern end of the canyon revealed a moderately high density of red-tailed hawks and prairie falcons. With the encouragement of that partial survey, and a need to assess the impact of river-running on nesting birds of prey, I made a more comprehensive survey in 1980. The results of my surveys, along with those of a 1978 helicopter survey by the BLM, are presented in this report, as well as general characterization of the area, winter use by raptors, and an assessment of factors influencing the raptor population.

  16. Knowledge and Attitude of Saudi Health Professions’ Students Regarding Patient’s Bill of Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salwa B. El-Sobkey

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Patient’s rights are worldwide considerations. Saudi Patient’s Bill of Rights (PBR which was established in 2006 contained 12 items. Lack of knowledge regarding the Saudi PBR limits its implementation in health facilities. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of health professions’ students at College of Applied Medical Sciences (CAMS Riyadh Saudi Arabia regarding the existence and content of Saudi PBR as well as their attitude toward its ineffectiveness. Method A 3-parts survey was used to collect data from 239 volunteer students participated in the study. Data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical statistics using SPSS. Results Results showed that although the majority of students (96.7% believe in the ineffectiveness of patient’s rights, half (52.3% of them had perceptual knowledge regarding the existence of Saudi PBR and only 7.9% of them were knowledgeable about some items (1–4 items of the bill. Privacy and confidentiality of patient was the most common known patient’s rights. Students’ academic level was not correlated to neither their knowledge regarding the bill existence or its content nor to their attitude toward the bill. The majority of the students (93% reported that only one course within their curriculum was patient’s rights-course related. About one quarter (23.4% of the students reported that teaching staff used to mention patient’s rights in their teaching sessions. Conclusion The Saudi health professions students at CAMS have positive attitude toward the ineffectiveness of patient’s rights nevertheless they showed limited knowledge regarding the existence of Saudi PBR and its contents. CAMS curriculums do not support the subject of patient’s rights.

  17. Components of an Anticancer Diet: Dietary Recommendations, Restrictions and Supplements of the Bill Henderson Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Laurie Heilman Bell; Marja Verhoef; Stacey Page; Cynthia Mannion

    2010-01-01

    The use of complementary and alternative medicines including dietary supplements, herbals and special diets to prevent or treat disease continues to be popular. The following paper provides a description of an alternative dietary approach to the self-management and treatment of cancer, the Bill Henderson Protocol (BHP). This diet encourages daily intake of raw foods, a combination of cottage cheese and flaxseed oil and a number of supplements. Some foods and food groups are restricted (e.g., ...

  18. Time-Varying Risk Premia in the Single European Treasury Bill Market

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolaos Mylonidis

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates the validity of the expectations hypothesis (EH) with time-varying, albeit stationary, term premia in the Ecu Treasury bill market. The analysis utilises the term premium factor representation proposed by Tzavalis and Wickens (1997) and the modified VAR approach by Cuthbertson et al. (1997). The findings indicate that once time-varying term premia are accounted for, estimated models cannot reject the predictions of the EH. However, these term premia do not exhibit stro...

  19. Hedging Winner's Curse with Multiple Bids: Evidence from the Portuguese Treasury Bill Auction

    OpenAIRE

    Michael B. Gordy

    1997-01-01

    Auctions of government securities typically permit bidders to enter multiple price-quantity bids. Despite the widespread adoption of this institutional feature and its use by bidders, the motivations behind its use and its effects on auction outcomes are not well understood theoretically and have been little explored empirically. Using bidding data from treasury bill auctions in Portugal, this paper examines how bidders use multiple bids to hedge against winner's curse. The data show that, ce...

  20. Interest rate dynamics in Kenya: Commercial banks’ rates and the 91-Day Treasury bill rate

    OpenAIRE

    Caporale, GM; Gil-Alana, LA

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyses the implicit dynamics underlying the interest rate structure in Kenya. For this purpose we use data on four commercial banks’ interest rates (Deposits, Savings, Lending and Overdraft) together with the 91-Day Treasury Bill rate, for the time period July 1991 – August 2010, and apply various techniques based on long-range dependence and, in particular, on fractional integration. The results indicate that all series examined are nonstationary with orders of integration equal...

  1. Why Does the Paper-Bill Spread Predict Real Economic Activity?

    OpenAIRE

    Benjamin M. Friedman; Kuttner, Kenneth N.

    1991-01-01

    Evidence based on the past three decades of U.S. experience shows that the difference between the interest rates on commercial paper and Treasury bills has consistently borne a systematic relationship to subsequent fluctuations of nonfinancial economic activity. This interest rate spread typically widens in advance of recessions, and narrows again before recoveries. The relationship remains valid even after allowance for other financial variables that previous researchers have often advanced ...

  2. The Efficiency of the Treasury Bill Futures Market: An Analysis of Alternative Specifications

    OpenAIRE

    Vignola, Anthony; Dale, Charles

    1980-01-01

    Until the existence of financial futures, testing the determinants and the informational content of futures market prices has been difficult because of the vagaries associated with commodity markets. In the case of Treasury bill futures, the existence of an active secondary market and the resulting term structure of interest rates enables one to test alternative hypotheses about the prices of futures contracts. This study compares two alternative specifications of equilibrium futures prices...

  3. Rational Expectations, the Expectations Hypothesis, and Treasury Bill Yields: An Econometric Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, David S; V. Vance Roley

    1982-01-01

    This paper tests the joint hypothesis of rational expectations and the expectations model of the term structure for three- and six-month Treasury bills. Previous studies are extended in three directions. First, common efficient markets-rational expectations tests are compared, and it is shown that four of the five tests considered are asymptotically equivalent, and that the fifth is less restrictive than the other four. Second, the joint hypothesis is tested using weekly data for Treasury bil...

  4. Winner's Curse in Discriminatory Price Auctions: Evidence from the Norwegian Treasury Bill Auctions

    OpenAIRE

    Hoidal Bjonnes, Geir

    2001-01-01

    This paper studies bidder behavior using a detailed data set consisting of actual bid distributions in Norwegian Treasury bill auctions held during 1993-1998. The empirical results presented suggest that observed bidder behavior is consistent with an adjustment for the winner’s curse. Bidders shade and disperse their bids more, and reduce quantity demanded, when the number of competing bidders increases. Tests suggest that there are some differences between the individual bidders. For instanc...

  5. Safety Nets or Trampolines? Federal Crop Insurance, Disaster Assistance, and the Farm Bill

    OpenAIRE

    Goodwin, Barry K.; Rejesus, Roderick M.

    2008-01-01

    We review the implications of the 2007 Farm Bill for the risk management dimensions of U.S. agriculture and policy. Legislative proposals suggest significant changes in risk management policy, including the introduction of state or national revenue insurance. We also pursue an empirical analysis of the interrelationships of crop insurance, disaster relief, and farm profitability. We find an inverse relationship between disaster assistance and insurance purchases. Our analysis also suggests th...

  6. Is bill colouration in wild male Blackbirds (Turdus merula) related to biochemistry parameters and parasitism?

    OpenAIRE

    López, Guillermo; Soriguer, Ramón C; Figuerola, Jordi

    2011-01-01

    Studies of signalling and sexual selection in birds are increasingly focussing on the regulation of the expression of carotenoid-based ornaments. Brighter col- oured ornaments are preferred during mate choice and are thought to signal resistance to parasites, immune capacity and health status. As the colouration of integuments is a dynamic trait, changes in colouration potentially reflect changes in individual condition. The bill of the male Common Blackbird (or Blackbird, Turdus merula) has ...

  7. How Can Bill and Melinda Gates Increase Other People's Donations to Fund Public Goods?

    OpenAIRE

    Karlan, Dean S; List, John

    2012-01-01

    We develop a simple theory which formally describes how charities can resolve the information asymmetry problems faced by small donors by working with large donors to generate quality signals. To test the model, we conducted two large-scale natural field experiments. In the first experiment, a charity focusing on poverty reduction solicited donations from prior donors and either announced a matching grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, or made no mention of a match. In the second...

  8. Strengthening Capacity for Measurement, Learning and Evaluation among Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation implementation projects

    OpenAIRE

    Makowiecka, K; Schellenberg, JA

    2014-01-01

    The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation funds projects in countries with a high burden of maternal and neonatal deaths. The projects implement innovative approaches to enhancing survival of mothers and newborns, largely through community-based innovations. To complement this investment, the foundation funds IDEAS at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; a six-year measurement, learning and evaluation grant which assesses its maternal and neonatal health strategy in Ethiopia, North-Eas...

  9. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: business versus bureaucracy in international development

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Anderson

    2011-01-01

    New forms of aid, including “philanthrocapitalism” such as The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, are rapidly altering the international aid architecture for health. These organisations have financial power, actively shape agendas and influence policy. The rise of non-traditional donor organisations creates opportunities and has implications for Australia as it scales-up its aid program. AusAID could collaborate, complement, compete with, or copy these organisations. Arguably the biggest stra...

  10. Are acoustical parameters of begging call elements of thin-billed prions related to chick condition?

    OpenAIRE

    Quillfeldt, Petra; Poisbleau, Maud; Mundry, Roger; Masello, Juan F.

    2010-01-01

    Chicks of burrowing petrels use begging calls to advertise their hunger levels when parents arrived at the nest. In a previous study, adult thin-billed prions Pachyptila belcheri responded to higher begging call rates of their single chick by regurgitating larger meals. We tested whether acoustic parameters of begging call elements may also be involved in signalling. To describe variation in begging, we determined begging session parameters, namely the duration, number of calls and the mean a...

  11. Surveillance Camera Players / Bill Brown ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brown, Bill

    2006-01-01

    New Yorgis tegutsevast rühmitusest SCP (Turvakaamera Esinejad), mille rajas Bill Brown (sünd. 1959), temaga 2001. a. jaanuaris tehtud meiliintervjuu. SCP etendab näidendeid turvakaamerate ees, Internetis jagab informatsiooni oma tegevuse kohta. Tekstis: "...kuna SCP keskendub turvakaameratele, kasutades nende loogikat selle tehnoloogia enda vastu, siis võib öelda, et nad töötavad kommunikatsioonivõrkudega"

  12. Bill project modified by the Senate on a new organisation of the electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains the modifications introduced by the French Senate in a bill project voted by the National Assembly which addresses a new organization of the electricity market. Several aspects are treated in this text: the freedom of choice of the electricity provider, the sale and the conditions of sale of electricity by EDF to other electricity providers, the maximum volume a provider can buy and its evaluation, the electricity price determination, the provider obligations, and so on

  13. The politics and crisis of the Petroleum Industry Bill in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Pérouse de Montclos, Marc-Antoine

    2014-01-01

    The Nigerian Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), which is currently being discussed in Parliament, aims at reforming the oil industry. But it also reveals the guiding forces of local politics. The PIB exposes the limitations of the state's ambitions, desire and capacity for reform, and it is strong evidence for the regional divisions and social tensions catalysing resistance against the government of President Goodluck Jonathan, which is accused of ethnic bias in favour of the oil-producing areas ...

  14. Implementation of Texas Senate Bill 19 to increase physical activity in elementary schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelder, Steven H; Springer, Andrew S; Barroso, Cristina S; Smith, Carolyn L; Sanchez, Eduardo; Ranjit, Nalini; Hoelscher, Deanna M

    2009-01-01

    In 2001, the 77th Texas legislature passed Senate Bill 19 requiring students in publicly funded elementary schools to participate in physical activity and schools to implement a coordinated school health program by September 1, 2007. We report on awareness of and adherence to Senate Bill 19 in a statewide sample of elementary schools and a subsample in two public health regions located along the Texas-Mexico border. Statewide, structured interviews with principals indicated high awareness of Senate Bill 19's requirements, but lower awareness of the need for parental involvement. Only 43% of Texas schools had adopted their coordinated program 1 year or less before the implementation deadline. Principals reported an average of 179 min of physical education per week, higher than the 135-min mandate. Among the subsample border schools, principals' physical activity reports were consistent with teacher records and student reports. Further, direct observation of physical education indicated that 50% of class time was spent in moderate and vigorous physical activity, meeting the level of physical activity intensity recommended by Healthy People 2010. The differences observed by public health regions included: more physical activity minutes in Region 10 (231 min compared to 217 min in Region 11); higher adoption of coordinated school health programs (92% compared to 75%); more district-level school health advisory committees (58% compared to 38%) and school-level school health advisory committees (83% compared to 25%); and a lower prevalence of obesity in 4th grade students (21% compared to 32%). Differences by region suggest that Senate Bill 19 is not being adhered to equally across the state, and some regions may require further support to increase implementation. Results underscore the importance of continued monitoring of enacted legislation, and that legislation for child health that focuses on school programs and policies requires funding and refinement to produce

  15. Finite State Machine based Vending Machine Controller with Auto-Billing Features

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Monga; Balwinder Singh

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, Vending Machines are well known among Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. The quantity of machines in these countries is on the top worldwide. This is due to the modern lifestyles which require fast food processing with high quality. This paper describes the designing of multi select machine using Finite State Machine Model with Auto-Billing Features. Finite State Machine (FSM) modelling is the most crucial part in developing proposed model as this reduces the hardware. In this paper th...

  16. The Right to Seek Refuge: The Implications of Bill C-31

    OpenAIRE

    Stalker, Lesley; Walia, Harsha; Csanyi, Elizabeth; Jordan, Sharalyn

    2012-01-01

    Lesley Stalker, senior solicitor/barrister and former Associate Legal Officer, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, provided an overview of the obligations Canada has regarding refugees under domestic and international law, with respect to the proposed amendments of Bill C-31. This was followed by a panel of people who work with the communities who are, and will continue to be, affected by the proposed changes  especially: LGBTQ asylum seekers, torture survivors, Romani refugee...

  17. An Evaluation of RouteMatch Software in the Billings, MT, Special Transit System

    OpenAIRE

    Kack, David; Philip, Deepu

    2008-01-01

    This research evaluates the impact of RouteMatch Software on the MET Special Transit service in Billings, MT, and analyzes the gains in service efficiency compared to those achieved with the MET’s previous software solution, Mobility Master Software. In this review, before and after quantitative and qualitative data are analyzed, including rides per hour, rides per mile, dispatcher and driver attitudes, and pick up and drop off time performances. The results indicate that MET Special Transit ...

  18. Transnational education in India : premises of the Foreign educational institutions bill (2010)

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The thesis analyses the current policy environment of transnational education in India. Special attention is given to the context and content of the newly proposed regulatory framework for transnational education, namely, ‘Foreign Educational Institutions Bill, 2010’, which is pending for the approval of Parliament of India. The thesis is set as a mixed method study. It has a qualitative discussion based on the existing literature on quality assurance and regulation of transnational education...

  19. A right to cultural identity in a UK Bill of Rights?

    OpenAIRE

    Craig, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    This article considers the possible inclusion of a right to cultural identity in a UK Bill of Rights, highlighting the centrality of culture to debates about the accommodation of diversity in the UK as well as the increased recognition of the importance of cultural rights under international human rights law. The article argues that the inclusion of a minimal minority rights guarantee based on Article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966 would be an innocuous s...

  20. Dynamic carbon caps. Splitting the bill: A fairer solution post-Kyoto?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A dynamic carbon cap scheme is described and illustrated using a future growth scenario. This scheme, called a 'bill-splitting dynamic carbon cap', uses national carbon caps that change in a manner designed to distribute burden equitably, and at the same time to encourage and feed off economic growth. This is achieved by distributing emission-reduction obligations away from the growers, and onto the emitters. The global emission-reduction response is thereby pegged to global growth.

  1. Transfer of rights incorporated into a bill of lading as a type of commodity security

    OpenAIRE

    Tusevska, Borka

    2013-01-01

    Transport documents play a crucial role in international trade of goods. Their role is particularly evident in the area of massive, rapid and reliable supply of goods worldwide. Among many diversity and heterogeneous issues related to the transport documents, the question of transfer of rights incorporate into a bill of lading has a particular meaning. In this paper we’ll try to make analysis of some legal and economic aspects of transport documents. Through analysis of this issue, we wil...

  2. An Iowa Perspective for Enhancing Rural Development and Vitality in the 2007 Farm Bill

    OpenAIRE

    Edelman, Mark

    2005-01-01

    The WTO decisions and evolving farm bill context appear to generate some opportunities for designing incremental and new policy mechanisms that would add to the incomes of farmers and rural people without further eroding the competitiveness of U.S. farmers by capitalizing direct payments directly into land values. Payment reform and diversification strategies could be designed to make an enhanced contribution to jobs, income, and economic growth rates in the Ag-dependent counties that have ex...

  3. Physiologic parameters in female Red-billed curassows (Crax blumenbachii) in rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Guilherme A. Marietto-Gonçalves; Mayra T.A. Martins; Katiane L. Souza; Regina K. Takahira; Roberto C. Gonçalves; Raphael L. Andreatti Filho

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: The present paper reports blood gas analysis, hematologic and micro bacteriologic information on four female Red-billed curassows, rescued from illegal wild animal trading, that were undergoing habilitation for reintroduction into the wild through Projeto Centrofauna/Botucatu-SP. There is a lack of physiological data on this species, endemic to the region of Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica), now under threat of extinction. This lack of information makes the clinical evaluation of th...

  4. Within-male melanin-based plumage and bill elaboration in male house sparrows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Václav, Radovan

    2006-12-01

    If there is a cost to producing a dark color patch, the size of a patch may not correspond with its pigment concentration. The plumage of male house sparrows represents a case of dark, melanin-based ornamentation, but also a case of neglecting the composite nature of dark signals in birds. Here, I investigated what kind of associations exist between the brightness, chroma, and hue of dark integumentary patches and the size of a secondary sexual trait, the bib, in male house sparrows. I found that males with a larger bib also had a darker bib and bill, and a more saturated bib, bill, epaulets, head crown, and breast than small-bibbed males. Male bib coloration in terms of brightness and chroma was more strongly related to bib size than the coloration of other integumentary patches. However, with respect to hue, only the hue of the bill and cheeks was related to bib size. My results indicate that size, brightness, and chroma of the bib, but also chroma of other deeply colored patches, convey redundant information about the signaler's quality in male house sparrows. PMID:17261920

  5. Romanian Administration Challenges: The Implementation of Online Payment for Utility Bills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuliana DOROBĂŢ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Romania is currently facing a lot of challenges in the e-government field. In this paper, due to the fact that we identified little or no efforts from the Romanian public administration in order to simplify all the activities conducted by Romanian citizens in order to pay their utility bills, we are proposing a model for a new e-service that aims to correct this state of facts. We started this quest by identifying and conducting an analysis of the existing administrative framework within a Romanian AOA (Apartment Owners Association, as this is the most common form of association that deals with the payments of utility bills (UBs in Romania. We developed a model for the AOA’s administrative process. Subsequent to our analysis, our findings suggest that in Romania, although progress has been made in order to simplify the payment of utility bills, there are still several drawbacks associated with the administrative process, within the Romanian AOA. Thus we proposed an improved model for the Romanian AOA administrative process.

  6. A new waste reduction requirement for hazardous waste generators: California Senate Bill No. 14

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On October 1, 1989, the Governor of California signed into law Senate Bill No. 14 (Roberti) enacting the Hazardous Waste Reduction and Management Review Act of 1989. This act will require generators to identify all major hazardous waste streams at the generator's site and evaluate any and all potentially viable source reduction approaches for each identified hazardous waste stream. In addition, the generator must assess the effectiveness of hazardous waste management procedures previously implemented including recycling and treatment activities. The intent of Senate Bill No. 14 is to promote the reduction of hazardous waste at its source. Source reduction can be defined to include all of the following practices: Input changes: changes in raw material or feedstock; Operational improvements: improved site management; Production process change: returning hazardous materials or components for reuse; Product reformulation: changing composition or specifications of end products; and Administrative steps: inventory control, employee training or waste minimization policies. This paper discusses the requirements of Senate Bill No. 14 from a generator's perspective including applicability, exemptions, reporting requirements and implementation

  7. Understanding the new US climate change strategy - The Waxman-Markey bill at a glance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The climate change agenda is one of the two top priorities of Obama's administration, along with the reform of the health system. On June 26, 2009, the House of Representatives passed, by a margin of 219 to 212, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACES), authored by Henry Waxman (from California) and Edward Markey (from Massachusetts). The bill is a comprehensive energy legislation that presents a cap and trade scheme regulating US Green House Gas (GHG) emissions, and a set of federal measures that aims at transforming the US traditional fossil fuel-based economy into a cleaner economy, based on renewable energy and low carbon alternatives. If passed by the Senate, the bill would intent to reduce US GHG emissions by 17% in 2020 and 80% in 2050 under 2005 levels, along with a 2 degrees / 450 ppm GHG concentration global objective. This brief provides an overview of the 1,428-page bill mechanisms and its implications at the national and international levels. It highlights the key uncertainties surrounding its institutional adoption and operational implementation. It also emphasizes its main differences with the European approach on cap and trade, the EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS), as well as examines its international implications on carbon markets and negotiations. (authors)

  8. 3 CFR 8464 - Proclamation 8464 of December 9, 2009. Human Rights Day, Bill of Rights Day, And Human Rights...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... are the core of our Declaration of Independence, our Constitution, and our Bill of Rights. They are... America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States,...

  9. Mutanttulnukad ja festivalid pimedas öös / Bill Plympton ; interv. Mikk Rand, tõlk. Elen Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plympton, Bill

    2002-01-01

    USA animaator, illustraator ja karikaturist Bill Plympton (1946), kelle animafilm "Mutanttulnukad" ("Mutant Aliens") osales Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil 2001. aasta detsembris. Vestlus toimus samal festivalil. Lisatud filmograafia

  10. A billing log monitoring system for the ATLAS dCache at the GridKa Tier-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Usage is the most crucial component of the GRID infrastructures at the Tier-1 site and the whole cloud.The monitoring system consists of two components. A billing log exporter is a tool to export the huge amount of billing data from the standard billing log-files provided by dCache into a MySQL database. The billing logs provide information for each file access in dCache (time stamp, user, pathname, access protocol). As a user frontend a web monitoring system has been set up to keep track of the file access statistics. It provides direct monitoring of file access and I/O throughput by protocol over time, but also more complex queries such as a ranking of files or datasets by access frequency in given time-periods can be performed.

  11. Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems: Sensitivities to Changes in Future Electricity Market Conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2013-01-09

    This scoping study investigates the impact of, and interactions among, three key sources of uncertainty in the future value of bill savings from customer-sited PV, focusing in particular on residential customers. These three sources of uncertainty are: changes to electricity market conditions that would affect retail electricity prices, changes to the types of retail rate structures available to residential customers with PV, and shifts away from standard net-metering toward other compensation mechanisms for residential PV. We investigate the impact of a range of electricity market scenarios on retail electricity prices and rate structures, and the resulting effects on the value of bill savings from PV. The scenarios include various levels of renewable and solar energy deployment, high and low natural gas prices, the possible introduction of carbon pricing, and greater or lesser reliance on utility-scale storage and demand response. We examine the bill savings from PV with time-invariant, flat residential retail rates, as well as with time-varying retail rates, including time-of-use (TOU) rates and real-time pricing (RTP). In addition, we explore a flat rate with increasing-block pricing (IBP). We evaluate the bill savings from PV with net metering, as currently allowed in many states, as well as scenarios with hourly netting, a partial form of net metering. This scoping study is the first known effort to evaluate these types of interactions in a reasonably comprehensive fashion, though by no means have we considered every possible change to electricity market conditions, retail rate structures, or PV compensation mechanisms. It focuses solely on the private value of bill savings for residential PV and does not seek to quantify the broader social or economic cost or value of solar electricity. Our analysis applies assumptions based loosely on California’s electricity market in a future year (2030); however, it is neither intended to forecast California’s future

  12. Energy-efficiency and Environmental Policies & Income Supplements in the UK: Evolution and Distributional Impacts on Domestic Energy Bills

    OpenAIRE

    Mallika Chawla; Michael G. Pollitt

    2013-01-01

    The paper examines the financial costs of energy-efficiency and environmental policies that directly affect domestic electricity and gas bills in the UK over time. It also attempts to work out the current distributional impacts of these policies and others that act as income supplements thereby presenting a consistent picture across time and income deciles. Figures suggest that between 2000 and 2011, the percentage share of policy costs in typical domestic electricity and gas bills rose by 14...

  13. The impact of rate design and net metering on the bill savings from distributed PV for residential customers in California

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Net metering has become a widespread mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), but has faced challenges as PV installations grow to a larger share of generation in a number of states. This paper examines the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. We find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies by more than a factor of four across the customers in the sample, which is largely attributable to the inclining block structure of the utilities' residential retail rates. We also compare the bill savings under net metering to that received under three potential alternative compensation mechanisms, based on California's Market Price Referent (MPR). We find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than a full MPR-based feed-in tariff, but only modestly greater savings than alternative mechanisms under which hourly or monthly net excess generation is compensated at the MPR rate. - Highlights: → We examine the value of bill savings under net metering to PV owners in California. → Bill savings per kWh of PV generation varies by a factor of four with net metering. The variation is attributable to rate design, the unique inclining block structure. → The median value of bill savings is reduced by 40-67% with MPR feed-in tariff. → The median value of bill savings is reduced by 6-12% with hourly netting.

  14. Can the proposed British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities command greater respect than the UK Human Rights Act 1998?

    OpenAIRE

    Natalie Kyneswood

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the UK Government’s proposals to reform human rights legislation in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland by repealing the Human Rights Act 1998 and introducing a British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities. It discusses the reasons behind the perceived unpopularity of the Human Rights Act 1998 and concludes that an alternative British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities would be no more popular or effective and that therefore proposals for reform are misconc...

  15. Arquitectura do território

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Pedro Miguel

    2013-01-01

    A partir do Choupal, até à foz na Figueira, a imagem do Baixo Mondego caracteriza-se, desde há muito, pela imensidão dos seus campos agrícolas, marca da acção humana ao longo dos séculos. Como objectivo primordial pretende-se sintetizar e traduzir a identidade deste território. Torna-se pertinente a valorização de um vale riquíssimo quer pela sua variedade de fauna e flora, quer pela fertilidade dos seus campos. Um excelente exemplo de vida animal e variedade de coberto vege...

  16. Burnout em contexto perioperatório

    OpenAIRE

    Galvão, Ana Maria; Gonçalves, Ana Rita Veloso; Certo, Ana

    2014-01-01

    As empresas num contexto mundial estão a passar por momentos de grande desenvolvimento de informações e tecnologias. Nestes ambientes o Burnout está bastante presente, sendo este considerado uma síndrome de cansaço físico e emocional que conduz a uma falta de motivação para o trabalho, conduzindo a um progressivo sentimento de inadequação e fracasso. Analisar qual o nível de stress, o nível de Burnout experienciado e as estratégias de coping que utilizam Enfermeiros Perioperatórios. ...

  17. Relatório de atividade profissional

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Cidália de Jesus Barros

    2012-01-01

    Relatório de estágio de mestrado em Optometria Avançada Com este trabalho pretende-se dar a conhecer de uma forma objetiva os tipos de exames que se fazem e os tipos de ametropias, que mais frequentemente recorrem aos serviços de um optometrista para serem resolvidos. Por vezes os problemas apresentados ou detetado durante o exame são devidamente resolvidos ou quando não é possível, encaminhados para especialistas de outras áreas da saúde. A visão é, entre os órgãos dos s...

  18. Da Rio+20 a Rio-2016: caminhos da sustentabilidade nas olimpíadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maureen Flores

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to analyze the way the Olympic Games have incorporated the main sustainability commitments agreed upon during the Rio 92, Rio + 10 and Rio + 20 Conferences, both in their planning and their operational processes, thus influencing host cities in the construction of the Games’ legacy. Tourism is one of the mainstays of Rio’s economy, and the link between the Games and the city’s images will be lasting. The Olympic games will influence the quantity and the quality of the touristic demand during, but especially after the event. They will showcase the city’s innovative initiatives for sustainability. The IOC can play a vital role orienting those initiatives. The Games’sustainability legacy may constitute an opportunity for the city to change its image for ever. We still have three years ahead of us to advance, but the basis need to be settled now.Este artigo busca analisar a maneira como os Jogos Olímpicos têm incorporado os principais compromissos da sustentabilidade acordados nas Conferencias Rio 92, Rio+10 e Rio+20 nos seus processos de planejamento e operação, influenciando as cidades anfitriãs na construção do legado dos Jogos. O turismo é um dos carros-chefes da economia do Rio, e a ligação entre os Jogos e a imagem da cidade que vai ficar. Os Jogos irão refletir na quantidade e qualidade da demanda turística durante, mas principalmente depois das Olimpíadas. Eles podem ser uma vitrine para iniciativas inovadoras na área de sustentabilidade que a cidade introduzir. O papel do COI pode ser fundamental para direcionar as ações de sustentabilidade na cidade. O legado de sustentabilidade pode ter nos Jogos seu “ponto de inflexão” para mudar definitivamente a imagem da cidade. Ainda temos um pouco mais de três anos para avançar, mas as bases precisam ser criadas agora.

  19. Analysis of Radiation Accident of Non-destructive Inspection and Rational Preparing Bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After 2006, according to enactment of Non-destructive Inspection Promotion Act, the number of non-destructive inspection companies and corresponding accident is increased sharply. In this research, it includes characteristic analysis of field of the non-destructive inspection. And from the result of analysis, the purpose of this research is discovering reason for 'Why there is higher accident ratio in non-destructive inspection field, relatively' and preparing effective bill for reducing radiation accidents. The number of worker for non-destructive inspect is increased steadily and non-destructive inspect worker take highest dose. Corresponding to these, it must be needed to prepare bills to protect non-destructive inspect workers. By analysis of accident case, there are many case of carelessness that tools are too heavy to carry it everywhere workers go. And there are some cases caused by deficiency of education that less understanding of radiation and poor operation by less understanding of structure of tools. Also, there is no data specialized to non-destructive inspect field. So, it has to take information from statistical data. Because of this, it is hard to analyze nondestructive inspect field accurately. So, it is required to; preparing rational bills to protect non-destructive inspect workers nondestructive inspect instrument lightening and easy manual which can understandable for low education background people accurate survey data from real worker. To accomplish these, we needs to do; analyze and comprehend the present law about non-destructive inspect worker understand non-destructive inspect instruments accurately and conduct research for developing material developing rational survey to measuring real condition for non-destructive inspect workers

  20. Bill Lowrie In The Apennines U Reading - The Pelagic Record of Geomagnetic Reversals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Walter

    Twenty five years ago, Bill Lowrie and I, along with Mike Arthur, Al Fischer, Gio- vanni Napoleone, Isabella Premoli Silva and Bill Roggenthen, published a set of five papers in the Geological Society of America Bulletin (March 1977), reporting a re- markable new source of information on the geomagnetic polarity time scale. The re- versal sequence was already known back to the Late Cretaceous on the basis of marine magnetic anomalies, but only as a sequence of longer and shorter polarity intervals, a kind of fingerprint with almost no age calibration. At Gubbio, in the Umbrian Apen- nines of Italy, we discovered that the polarity intervals are also recorded in pelagic limestones, deposited quietly at moderate oceanic depths at rates of order 10 m/Myr. and these limestones are literally made of fossils, notably the planktic foraminifera which are the best age correlation tool for the last 100 Myr. The reversal sequence was now datable. You can make a discovery like this either by looking for it, as Al Fischer did U hoping ° that such a record would be present and waiting until magnetometers improved enough to make it possible to measure these very weakly magnetic rocks U or by stumbling ° on it as Bill and I did. We went to the Apennines hoping to measure paleomagnetically a tectonic rotation of the Italian crust. Digital spinner magnetometers had just become available and Bill found that he could measure the remanence of the Apennine pelagic limestones I had been studying in the field. Tectonic rotation of the Italian crust turned out to be very difficult to detect, because interbed slip was a major complication. But we accidentally sampled both normal and reversed beds in the Scaglia rossa limestone on our first trip, and back in the lab we recognized that we had a polarity record in front of us. The microfossils made it a datable record, which raised great excitement among our colleagues at Lamont, where sea-floor magnetic reversals were the key to tectonic

  1. U.S. Farm Policy - At a Crossroads? The 2007 Farm Bill and the Doha Round

    OpenAIRE

    Yeutter, Clayton K.

    2005-01-01

    For only the second time in history a U.S. farm bill and a major trade negotiation are scheduled to conclude at essentially the same time, a little more than a year from now. American agriculture has much at stake in both, not only as to content but also as to how they mesh together. The fundamental purpose of farm legislation is to help producers manage risk, but our track record in doing that efficiently and effectively is at best mixed. Our traditional commodity programs have changed relat...

  2. Parsimoneous Modeling of Yield Curves for U.S. Treasury Bills

    OpenAIRE

    Charles R. Nelson; Andrew F. Siegel

    1985-01-01

    A new model is proposed for representinq the term to maturity structure of interest rates at a point in time.The model produces humped, monotonic and S-shaped yield curves using four parameters. Conditional on a time decay parameter, estimates of the other three are obtained by least squares. Yield curves for thirty-seven sets of U.S. Treasury bill yields with maturities up to one year are presented. The median standard deviation of fit is just over seven basis points and the corresponding me...

  3. The dynamic relationship between the federal funds rate and the Treasury bill rate: an empirical investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Sarno, Lucio; Daniel L. Thornton

    2002-01-01

    This article examines the dynamic relationship between two key U.S. money market interest rates - the federal funds rate and the 3-month Treasury bill rate. Using daily data over the period 1974 to 1999, we find a long-run relationship between these two rates that is remarkably stable across monetary policy regimes of interest rate and monetary aggregate targeting. Employing a non-linear asymmetric vector equilibrium correction model, which is novel in this context, we find that most of the a...

  4. The 2007 USDA Farm Bill Proposal: Implications for the U.S. Cotton Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Pan, Suwen; Welch, Mark; Mohamadou L. Fadiga; Mohanty, Samarendu

    2007-01-01

    The proposed 2007 farm bill contains fundamental shifts in policy option mainly dictated by a desire to render the U.S. agriculture “more market oriented’ and the programs less costly to the U.S. treasury. The proposal adopts a revenue-based counter cyclical payment while maintaining the current price-based counter cyclical payment scheme. Under the revenue-based system, payment would be triggered when the actual national revenue per acre falls below the national target revenue per acre. The ...

  5. Kentucky Senate Bill 68 Cost Estimate (Adoption/Foster Care Ban)

    OpenAIRE

    Goldberg, Naomi G.; Badgett, M.V. Lee

    2009-01-01

    This memo estimates the impact on children and the cost to the State of Kentucky of Senate Bill 68, “The Child Welfare Adoption Act,” which would prohibit unmarried cohabiting couples—including both different-sex couples and same-sex couples— from fostering or adopting children. We use past data to estimate the number of children in foster care who were placed with unmarried couples as a way to estimate the number of impacted children in the first year the proposed legislation would take effe...

  6. Bill project authorizing the ratification of the statutes of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a presentation text describing the content of each of the 20 articles of the statutes of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), this document contains the full text of these statutes. A third text is the bill project authorizing the ratification of these statutes, and described the economic, financial, social, environmental, administrative or juridical consequences of the implementation of the agreement or convention associated with the creation of the agency. The text also recalls the negotiation process, and indicates the place given to the French language

  7. Nonpayment of water bills in Guatemala: Dissatisfaction or inability to pay?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vásquez, William F.

    2015-11-01

    This paper investigates nonpayment behavior in Guatemala. Determinants of nonpayment behavior are identified through zero-inflated negative binomial regression models in order to take into account particular distributional characteristics of the amount of outstanding payments. Findings indicate that nonpayment behavior is a demonstration of consumer dissatisfaction with current water services. The amount of outstanding bill payments also responds to system unreliability. Results also suggest that nonpayment behaviors are more prominent in community-managed systems than in municipal systems. No evidence was found on a potential relationship between nonpayment behavior and household income. Policy implications are discussed.

  8. Bill project introducing a progressive price fixing of energy - Nr 150

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bill project aims at speeding up energy transition by inciting households to reduce their consumption, and at accompanying the unavoidable increase of energy prices. It introduces a rather complex process to establish the energy tariff, and notably a bonus-malus principle. The objective is to incite households to better insulate their main housing. It also takes social tariffs into account, defines institutions and representative for energy regulation, proposes the implementation of a public service for housing energy performance, and addresses the issue of energy supply in winter to households in precarious situation

  9. Patient, physician, encounter, and billing characteristics predict the accuracy of syndromic surveillance case definitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cadieux Geneviève

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Syndromic surveillance systems are plagued by high false-positive rates. In chronic disease monitoring, investigators have identified several factors that predict the accuracy of case definitions based on diagnoses in administrative data, and some have even incorporated these predictors into novel case detection methods, resulting in a significant improvement in case definition accuracy. Based on findings from these studies, we sought to identify physician, patient, encounter, and billing characteristics associated with the positive predictive value (PPV of case definitions for 5 syndromes (fever, gastrointestinal, neurological, rash, and respiratory (including influenza-like illness. Methods The study sample comprised 4,330 syndrome-positive visits from the claims of 1,098 randomly-selected physicians working in Quebec, Canada in 2005-2007. For each visit, physician-facilitated chart review was used to assess whether the same syndrome was present in the medical chart (gold standard. We used multivariate logistic regression analyses to estimate the association between claim-chart agreement about the presence of a syndrome and physician, patient, encounter, and billing characteristics. Results The likelihood of the medical chart agreeing with the physician claim about the presence of a syndrome was higher when the treating physician had billed many visits for the same syndrome recently (ORper 10 visit, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01-1.08, had a lower workload (ORper 10 claims, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.90-0.97, and when the patient was younger (ORper 5 years of age, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.94-0.97, and less socially deprived (ORmost versus least deprived, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.60-0.95. Conclusions Many physician, patient, encounter, and billing characteristics associated with the PPV of surveillance case definition are accessible to public health, and could be used to reduce false-positive alerts by surveillance systems, either by focusing on the data most

  10. Gold Standards and the Real Bills Doctrine in U.S. Monetary Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Richard H. Timberlake

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides a reassessment and a restatement of the essential properties of gold standards. Second, it emphasizes the role of the Real Bills Doctrine in Federal Reserve policy as the primary cause of the Great Contraction of 1929-1933. It takes issue with recent articles and books that have assigned major fault to “the†gold standard for the disastrous decline of employment, prices, production, income, and welfare that characterized the Great Contraction and the ensuing Great Depre...

  11. The anatomy of the bill tip of kiwi and associated somatosensory regions of the brain: comparisons with shorebirds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan J Cunningham

    Full Text Available Three families of probe-foraging birds, Scolopacidae (sandpipers and snipes, Apterygidae (kiwi, and Threskiornithidae (ibises, including spoonbills have independently evolved long, narrow bills containing clusters of vibration-sensitive mechanoreceptors (Herbst corpuscles within pits in the bill-tip. These 'bill-tip organs' allow birds to detect buried or submerged prey via substrate-borne vibrations and/or interstitial pressure gradients. Shorebirds, kiwi and ibises are only distantly related, with the phylogenetic divide between kiwi and the other two taxa being particularly deep. We compared the bill-tip structure and associated somatosensory regions in the brains of kiwi and shorebirds to understand the degree of convergence of these systems between the two taxa. For comparison, we also included data from other taxa including waterfowl (Anatidae and parrots (Psittaculidae and Cacatuidae, non-apterygid ratites, and other probe-foraging and non probe-foraging birds including non-scolopacid shorebirds (Charadriidae, Haematopodidae, Recurvirostridae and Sternidae. We show that the bill-tip organ structure was broadly similar between the Apterygidae and Scolopacidae, however some inter-specific variation was found in the number, shape and orientation of sensory pits between the two groups. Kiwi, scolopacid shorebirds, waterfowl and parrots all shared hypertrophy or near-hypertrophy of the principal sensory trigeminal nucleus. Hypertrophy of the nucleus basorostralis, however, occurred only in waterfowl, kiwi, three of the scolopacid species examined and a species of oystercatcher (Charadriiformes: Haematopodidae. Hypertrophy of the principal sensory trigeminal nucleus in kiwi, Scolopacidae, and other tactile specialists appears to have co-evolved alongside bill-tip specializations, whereas hypertrophy of nucleus basorostralis may be influenced to a greater extent by other sensory inputs. We suggest that similarities between kiwi and scolopacid

  12. Wound center facility billing: A retrospective analysis of time, wound size, and acuity scoring for determining facility level of service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fife, Caroline E; Walker, David; Farrow, Wade; Otto, Gordon

    2007-01-01

    Outpatient wound center facility reimbursement for Medicare beneficiaries can be a challenge to determine and obtain. To compare methods of calculating facility service levels for outpatient wound centers and to demonstrate the advantages of an acuity-based billing system (one that incorporates components of facility work that is non-reimbursable by procedure codes and that represents an activity-based costing approach to medical billing), a retrospective study of 5,098 patient encounters contained in a wound care-specific electronic medical record database was conducted. Approximately 500 patient visits to the outpatient wound center of a Texas regional hospital between April 2003 and November 2004 were categorized by service level in documentation and facility management software. Visits previously billed using a time-based system were compared to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' proposed three-tiered wound size-based system. The time-based system also was compared to an acuity-based scoring system. The Pearson correlation coefficient between billed level of service by time and estimated level of service by acuity was 0.442 and the majority of follow-up visits were billed as Level 3 and above (on a time level of 1 to 5) , confirming that time is not a surrogate for actual work performed. Wound size also was found to be unrelated to service level (Pearson correlation = 0.017) and 97% of wound areas were based scoring system produced a near-normal distribution of results, producing more mid-range billings than extremes; no other method produced this distribution. Hospital-based outpatient wound centers should develop, review, and refine acuity score-based models on which to determine billed level of service. PMID:17264354

  13. Eutrofização em reservatórios – Estudo de caso: reservatório de Rio Bonito (ES)

    OpenAIRE

    Priscilla Basilio Cardoso Barros Trindade; Antônio Sérgio Ferreira Mendonça

    2014-01-01

    O reservatório da Pequena Central Hidrelétrica de Rio Bonito, localizado na bacia do Rio Santa Maria da Vitória, no Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil, é um dos principais mananciais de abastecimento da região metropolitana da Grande Vitória e recebe aporte de nutrientes provenientes de esgotos domésticos, cultivos agrícolas e granjas. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar as condições do referido corpo de água, quanto a aspectos relacionados com a eutrofização, para o ano hidrológico ou...

  14. Um estudo psicossocial dos significados e sentidos expressos nas músicas de MV Bill A psychosocial study of the meanings expressed in the songs of MV Bill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaison Hinkel

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por propósito estudar os significados e sentidos expressos nas letras das músicas de MV Bill, um dos ícones do rap nacional, com o intuito de possibilitar a compreensão da sua tendência afetivo-volitiva. Com base na Psicologia Sócio-Histórica, a pesquisa se caracteriza como um estudo de caso e utiliza como método a análise de conteúdo de quatro músicas: "Soldado do Morro", "Só Deus pode me julgar", "EMIVI" e "Atitude Errada". Os significados e sentidos das canções estudadas denunciam as dimensões objetiva, ética e subjetiva da dialética exclusão/inclusão social, bem como a proposta de enfrentamento desta condição. Assim, podem-se considerar tais músicas como indicadores de uma práxis ético-política que propõe ações coletivas com o objetivo de superar a situação de padecimento humano e utiliza a arte como expressão afetiva de potência de vida e criação, em prol da cidadania.The purpose of this article is the analysis of meanings expressed in the song of MV Bill, one of the icons of the Brazilian rap, aiming at the comprehension of its affectionate-volitive tendency. The investigation is characterized as a case study and applies content analysis to four songs: "Soldado do Morro", "Só Deus pode me julgar", "EMIVI", and "Atitude Errada". The meanings and senses of the songs studied identify three dimensions of the dialectics social exclusion/enclosure (objective, ethical and subjective, as well as the clashing of this condition. It seems reasonable to consider such songs as indicators of an ethical-political practice that proposes collective actions with the objective of overcoming the situation of human suffering and utilizes art as affectionate expression of power of life and creation, in behalf of the citizenship.

  15. Comentários e Notícias

    OpenAIRE

    BAD, Cadernos; Cepeda, Isabel Vilares

    2004-01-01

    - «Dia do Bibliotecário» na Feira do Livro de Lisboa -1966- Abertura ao público da Biblioteca da Junta Distrital de Lisboa- Tribunais, bibliotecas... e bibliotecários- Centro de Documentação Económica de Moçambique- Permuta de «Cadernos»- Noticias várias

  16. Interactieve ontwerpmethodieken voor integrale duurzaamheid Toepassing van RIO in een aantal niet-veehouderij-gebonden cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, A.P.; Annevelink, E.; Bos, H.L.; Keijsers, E.R.P.; Maas, van der M.P.; Poot, E.H.; Vermeulen, T.; Raaphorst, M.G.M.; Maas, van der A.A.; Schoorlemmer, H.B.; Dijk, van S.M.

    2013-01-01

    RIO (Reflexief Interactief Ontwerpen) bestaat uit drie hoofdonderdelen: de (systeem)analysefase, de ontwerpfase en de verankeringsfase. RIO is ontstaan in een veehouderijcontext. Die context heeft een aantal specifieke eigenschappen, die toepassing van RIO in andere sectoren niet volledig vanzelfspr

  17. Diet of yellow-billed loons (Gavia adamsii) in Arctic lakes during the nesting season inferred from fatty acid analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, T B; Schmutz, Joel A.; Bromaghin, Jeffrey; Iverson, S J; Padula, V M; Rosenberger, A E

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the dietary habits of yellow-billed loons (Gavia adamsii) can give important insights into their ecology, however, studying the diet of loons is difficult when direct observation or specimen collection is impractical. We investigate the diet of yellow-billed loons nesting on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska using quantitative fatty acid signature analysis. Tissue analysis from 26 yellow-billed loons and eleven prey groups (nine fish species and two invertebrate groups) from Arctic lakes suggests that yellow-billed loons are eating high proportions of Alaska blackfish (Dallia pectoralis), broad whitefish (Coregonus nasus) and three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) during late spring and early summer. The prominence of blackfish in diets highlights the widespread availability of blackfish during the early stages of loon nesting, soon after spring thaw. The high proportions of broad whitefish and three-spined stickleback may reflect a residual signal from the coastal staging period prior to establishing nesting territories on lakes, when loons are more likely to encounter these species. Our analyses were sensitive to the choice of calibration coefficient based on data from three different species, indicating the need for development of loon-specific coefficients for future study and confirmation of our results. Regardless, fish that are coastally distributed and that successfully overwinter in lakes are likely key food items for yellow-billed loons early in the nesting season.

  18. HEALTH INFO Information from the CHIS Board and Personnel Division: ABOUT BILLS FROM HOPITAL DE LA TOUR

    CERN Multimedia

    Personnel Division + CHISB

    1999-01-01

    The tariff agreement signed by CERN (and other international organisations) with Hospital de La Tour specifies that all bills paid within 30 days of the date of the invoice will enjoy a discount, to be deducted by the payer. The bills are labelled with a message to this effect.Physicians' fees, personal expenses as well as services from outside providers (e.g. ambulance companies or external laboratories) are however not part of the discount agreement. Bills for hospitalisation (i.e. with a stay in hospital longer than 28h) are normally directly paid by AUSTRIA, acting as a third-party payer.In May this year, Hospital de La Tour introduced a new (Y2K compliant) accounting and invoicing system. This implementation did not go as smoothly as planned and delayed the issuing of bills by two months. During the summer period, a special team of temporary staff was put in place to catch up on the delay. As a result of this, some bills were produced that contained errors and the sticky label mentioning the discount agr...

  19. Latitudinal clines in bill length and sex ratio in a migratory shorebird: a case of resource partitioning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebel, Silke

    2005-07-01

    Sexual segregation outside the mating season is common in vertebrates. This has been shown to arise through resource partitioning in a number of taxa, but never in avian migrants. Western sandpipers ( Calidris mauri) are migratory shorebirds that mainly breed in Alaska and overwinter along the coast in western and eastern North America down into South America. Females are slightly larger than males but have substantially longer bills. They migrate further south, resulting in a latitudinal bias in sex ratio. Resource partitioning could contribute to this pattern if (1) males and females forage on invertebrates buried at different sediment depths, and if (2) average prey burying depth changes with latitude. In accordance with the hypothesis, it was shown that female western sandpipers used a probing foraging mode more than males. Comparison of individuals overwintering in California, Mexico and Panama revealed that length of tarsus did not change among sites, while bill length increased in both males and females towards the south. Bill length residuals, corrected for length of tarsus, were also larger at a southern site. Between and within sexes, individuals with longer bills are thought to be favoured at southern latitudes because of a postulated general increase in invertebrate burying depth with higher ambient temperatures at lower latitudes. The implications of these findings for the evolution of sexual bill size dimorphism in shorebirds are discussed.

  20. After the American elections, the dubious future of the climate-energy project bills in the Senate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The climate - energy project bill, voted in the House of Representatives in 2009, has undergone many changes since it is studied by the Senate. Discussions have been slowed by health reform in 2010 and then by the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The midterm elections are perceived as a new obstacle in the further discussions and a possible vote on a bill in the coming months. Opponents highlight the economic constraints of such law while the United States is experiencing the most severe economic recession. Many politicians thought mainly of their re-election and opinion polls project a defeat for the Democrats. Optimists hoped or a quick vote on a bill focusing on the oil spill and a larger bill could passed after the elections. Pessimistic are unfortunately thinking that a climate energy bill will never pass, even if it could represent a major shift in energy policy of the United States with measures related to the development of renewable energy, clean technology... and can create the first carbon market. (authors)

  1. Less wireless costs : optimizing firms aim to cut wireless service bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Calgary-based firm Alliance is offering optimized billing to oil companies, many of which spend more than $100,000 a month on wireless services for devices such as cellular telephones, pagers and Blackberries. In particular, Alliance is focusing on cutting the cost of wireless for corporate clients by analyzing client-usage patterns and choosing the most cost-efficient rate plans offered by the telecoms. Alliance suggests that do-it-yourself optimization is too complex for the average user, given the very large choice of rate plans. Using algorithms, Alliance software goes through all the wireless service contract options from the telecoms to choose the best plan for a company's needs. Optimizers claim their clients will see significant savings on wireless, in the order to 20 to 50 per cent. This article presented a brief case history of a successful optimization plan for Nabors Canada LP. Alliance allows its clients to view their billing information on their web-based server. Call records can be viewed by device or company division. 1 ref., 1 fig

  2. Spanish utility turns customer bills into a strategic advantage with EDP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Enterprise document presentments (EDPs) are now used at many utilities to enable the automated creation and presentment of documents in formats that suit the needs of their customers. Upgraded billing capabilities can reduce operational costs, as well as drive incremental revenue for utilities that offer a portfolio of services. EDP bills can also provide an adaptable vehicle for meeting regulatory information requirements, as well as for demonstrating the utility's community obligations. This paper discussed an EDP program used by the Spanish utility Hidroelectrica del Cantabrico. After consulting with various companies, the utility finally selected an EDP solution provided by StreamServe Utilities, which offered data source independence. SAP data was received in RDI format, which provided the ability to rapidly design and generate invoices, contracts, and other documents. The EDP system selected by the utility also allowed them to consolidate electricity and gas consumption into a single invoice. Invoices were classified by distinct criteria, and optical labels were inserted to provide greater flexibility for design changes. The EDP solution allowed the utility to improve its corporate image on each printed document and optimize its client relationships by establishing a new marketing channel through the invoice itself. It was concluded that the utility has also achieved significant cost savings on paper and postage, as promotional campaigns are now inserted into invoice envelopes. 1 fig

  3. Australian radiation protection and nuclear safety (consequential amendments) Bill 1998. Explanatory memorandum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    The purpose of this Bill is to make consequential changes to the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation Act 1987 (the ANSTO Act) and to provide for transitional arrangements to cover the operation of controlled facilities and the handling of radiation sources while applications for licences to cover these facilities and activities are being made under the proposed Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998 (the ARPANS Act) For this purpose, the Bill: (a) repeals Parts VI and VII A of the ANSTO Act under which, respectively, the Safety Review Committee and the Nuclear Safety Bureau are established, as the functions of the Committee and Bureau will be transferred to the CEO of the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, established under the ARPANS Act; (b) makes transitional arrangements for the transfer of the assets and liabilities of the Nuclear Safety Bureau to the Commonwealth, and confers on the CEO of ARPANSA the powers of the Director of the Nuclear Safety Bureau in relation to the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation during the transitional period before the offenses provisions commence to operate under the ARPANS Act; (c) repeals the Environment Protection (Nuclear Codes) Act 1978. That Act provides for the development and endorsement of Codes of Practice which will be undertaken under the auspices of ARPANSA; (d) provides that Commonwealth entities have a transition period of 6 months after the ARPANS Act commences to apply for a licence to authorize specified activities under that Act

  4. E-Data Privacy and the Personal Data Protection Bill of Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jawahitha, Sarabdeen; Ishak, Mohamed; Mazahir, Mohamed

    Hi-tech development in information and communication technology or ICT enables the public to carry out various business activities. In the course of such businesses, all relevant individual information are saved in the computer system. However, keeping such information in computer is not at all secured due to the availability of technology that may circumvent or get access to the said information. This could be a threat to the privacy specially data privacy. Regulatory compliance and liability issues arising from the use of information technologies and possibility of privacy violation should be given important consideration as the evolution and progression of e-related activities is dependent upon and influenced by the rapidly changing advances in law. The Data Protection Bill 1998 was drafted setting provisions on data principles and rights to data subjects so that data privacy can considerably be protected. However, the introduction of Data Protection Bill 2001 is seen to have focused more on regulation of private sector than public sector whereby the level of protection for data held in public sector is very much reduced.

  5. Body mass and immune function, but not bill coloration, predict dominance in female mallards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligon, Russell A; Butler, Michael W

    2016-10-01

    Competition over indivisible resources is common and often costly. Therefore, selection should favor strategies, including efficient communication, that minimize unnecessary costs associated with such competition. For example, signaling enables competitors to avoid engaging in costly asymmetrical contests. Recently, bill coloration has been identified as an information-rich signal used by some birds to mediate aggressive interactions and we evaluated this possibility in female mallards Anas platyrhynchos. Specifically, we conducted two rounds of competitive interactions among groups of unfamiliar adult female ducks. By recording all aggressive behaviors exhibited by each individual, as well as the identity of attack recipients, we were able to assign dominance scores and evaluate links between numerous physiological, morphological, and experimental variables that we predicted would influence contest outcome and dominance. Contrary to our predictions, dominance was not linked to any aspect of bill coloration, access to dietary carotenoids during development, two of three measures of immune function, or ovarian follicle maturation. Instead, heavier birds were more dominant, as were those with reduced immune system responses to an experimentally administered external immunostimulant, phytohemagglutinin. These results suggest that visual signals are less useful during the establishment of dominance hierarchies within multi-individual scramble competitions, and that immune function is correlated with contest strategies in competitions for access to limited resources. PMID:27561967

  6. Para que servem os inventários de fauna?

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Fábio Silveira; Beatriz de Mello Beisiegel; Felipe Franco Curcio; Paula Hanna Valdujo; Marianna Dixo; Vanessa Kruth Verdade; George Mendes Taliaferro Mattox; Patrícia Teresa Monteiro Cunningham

    2010-01-01

    Inventários de fauna acessam diretamente a diversidade de uma localidade, em um determinado espaço e tempo. Os dados primários gerados pelos inventários compõem uma das ferramentas mais importantes na tomada de decisões a respeito do manejo de áreas naturais. Entretanto, vários problemas têm sido observados em diversos níveis relacionados aos inventários de fauna no Brasil e vão desde a formação de recursos humanos até a ausência de padronização, de desenho experimental e de seleção de método...

  7. Environmental liabilities in Billings reservoir and its impacts on hydropower generation Plant Henry Borden; Os passivos ambientais no reservatorio Billings e os seus impactos na geracao hidroenergetica da Usina Henry Borden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almeida, Daniel Ladeira [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The primary assertion is that this article argues that the recovery in production of hydropower in Henry Borden (UHB) is the reduction of environmental liabilities in the Billings reservoir. In this context, the aim of this paper is to provide a first consideration of the possibility of recovery of production Henry Borden hydropower plant of recovering the multiple uses of the reservoir. From this perspective, we interviewed representatives of CETESB (Sanitation Environmental Technology Company) and EMAE (Metropolitan Water and Energy Company SA) for consideration of actions that include environmental policies aimed at increasing the production of electricity in Henry Borden in order to obtain results that may contribute to the multiple uses of the Billings reservoir. Noting that the range of laws aimed at protecting the water sources was limited to disjointed public policy that has reduced the resilience of the Billings reservoir. (author)

  8. Radon measurements in Rio de Janeiro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Few data are available on the dynamic of radon in the air for tropical climate conditions. The strong influence of the climatological characteristics on the transport of gases and particulates in air makes not adequate the use of data obtained at regions with different climate. Outdoor and indoor measurements of radon equilibrium equivalent concentrations (EEC) have been done for one-year period in Rio de Janeiro. Continuous measurements were performed using a radon monitor with an alpha spectrometry detector. Pluviometric index, temperature and humidity were registered. The paper presents the long term behaviour of outdoor radon equilibrium equivalent concentration results, their correlation with temperature and the influence of the pluviometric index. Maximum values were obtained during winter and minimum in summer, strongly influenced by the rain. A strong inverse correlation with temperature was found. (author)

  9. Investigando o processo tradutório

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloísa Gonçalves Barbosa

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho descreve brevemente a evolução da pesquisa em tradução, abordando o deslocamento de seu foco do produto para o processo, até a adoção da metodologia empírica para acessar os processos mentais desenvolvidos durante o ato tradutório. Traça as origens desta metodologia a partir da psicolingüística voltada para a aprendizagem de línguas até sua aplicação no campo dos estudos da tradução. Finalmente, relata as investigações em curso no âmbito do Projeto PRONIT, que se utilizam de métodos introspectivos, apontando resultados e indicando caminhos a serem seguidos no futuro.

  10. O Direito Internacional Humanitário

    OpenAIRE

    Churro, António

    2007-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objectivo contribuir para a formação de todos os militares da Força Aérea no âmbito do Direito Internacional Humanitário. O percurso metodológico foi iniciado com uma pesquisa bibliográfica e documental sobre o tema em questão nomeadamente em Portugal, Organização das Nações Unidas e Comité Internacional da Cruz Vermelha. A questão central: “Como contribuir para a formação dos militares da FAP, para que tenham um desempenho dentro dos parâmetros ...

  11. The Long and the Short of It: No Dietary Specialisation between Male and Female Western Sandpipers Despite Strong Bill Size Dimorphism

    OpenAIRE

    Franks, Samantha E.; Guillermo Fernández; Hodkinson, David J.; T. Kurt. Kyser; Lank, David B.

    2013-01-01

    Many bird species show spatial or habitat segregation of the sexes during the non-breeding season. One potential ecological explanation is that differences in bill morphology favour foraging niche specialisation and segregation. Western sandpipers Calidris mauri have pronounced bill size dimorphism, with female bills averaging 15% longer than those of males. The sexes differ in foraging behaviour and exhibit partial latitudinal segregation during the non-breeding season, with males predominan...

  12. Novos paradigmas literários

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Azevedo Duarte Guimarães

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo estuda a emergência de novos paradigmas literários, procurando refletir acerca das textualidades contemporâneas. Focaliza os hipertextos informatizados e a poesia multimídia, com o intuito de desvendar como estão sendo criados novos procedimentos expressivos e em que medida eles podem ser identificados com reflexões teóricas anteriores acerca do texto literário impresso. Remete a questões ligadas à leitura dos diferentes tipos de signos e aos modos como eles se integram para a constituição dessas novíssimas linguagens híbridas em novos suportes.El artículo estudia la emergencia de nuevos paradigmas literarios, procurando reflejar acerca de las textualidades contemporáneas. Enfoca los hipertextos informatizados y la poesía multimedia, intentando desvendar cómo están siendo creados nuevos procedimientos expresivos y en qué medida ellos pueden ser identificados a reflexiones teóricas anteriores acerca del texto literario impreso. Remite a cuestiones ligadas a la lectura de los diferentes tipos de signos y a los modos cómo ellos se interaccionan para la constitución de los novísimos lenguajes híbridos en nuevos supuestos.This article investigates the emergence of new literary paradigms as it tries to understand new contemporary textualities. It analyses some hypertexts and multimedia poetry trying to trace how new expressive procedures are being created. How can these new languages be identified and what are their relations to previous theories which dealt with the literary printed text? This study approaches questions linked to the reading of different types of signs and the modes they function towards the fabrication of these new hybrid languages.

  13. Sigaud, operário da pintura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Meneguello

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Até o presente momento, nenhuma biografia de fôlego foi produzida sobre Eugênio de Proença Sigaud. Em portais especializados em arte ou em dicionários de pintores, biografias concisas de uma lauda repetem as mesmas informações à exaustão. Este breve artigo não busca redimir Sigaud deste silêncio. Propõe, outrossim, entender por que persistem figuras consideradas "menores" na história da arte recente no País, bem como compreender os processos de perpetuação da memória e de valorização da obra de certos agentes históricos em detrimento de outros. Os cânones sobre o moderno no Brasil criam seus próprios critérios de narrativa do passado, em que a economia dos discursos da qualidade artística e o uso interessado e exclusivista de acervos criam invisibilidades e omissões, processo este do qual Sigaud, cuja obra visual eloquente não é secundada por textos, entrevistas e farta documentação, é exemplar. Na busca destes silêncios, este breve artigo elege a má recepção da obra de Sigaud, seu posicionamento político de esquerda e sua formação como arquiteto como seus fios condutores, buscando por meio destes aspectos pouco estudados até o momento guiar-se para lançar hipóteses que contribuam para a compreensão do trabalho deste pintor.

  14. O Diário Oculto de Nora Rute, de Mário Zambujal

    OpenAIRE

    Nogueira, Adriana

    2014-01-01

    É sempre um prazer e um desafio ler os livros de Mário Zambujal. Desde o marco que foi o sucesso do seu primeiro romance, Crónica dos bons malandros, que o deslocou da referência como jornalista (que nunca deixou de ser) e o colocou no rol dos nossos autores de literatura, a sua produção tem continuado a dar-nos bons momentos.

  15. Um rio são muitos: de aventura e antropologia Rio São Francisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Lima

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tenta trazer a noção de aventura de volta ao campo da antropologia por meio da análise de cinco narrativas sobre o Rio São Francisco - Burton, Pierson, Cavalcanti, Cappio e Tarsia (e companhia. Tenta-se entender como a mimesis e a sedução ligam esses atores ao rio e ao leitor, de tal maneira que, ao mesmo tempo em que os autores constroem-se nas narrativas, eles - narradores e rio - hermeneuticamente jogam suas redes sobre o leitor.This article tries to bring back the notion of adventure to the anthropological field, through the analyses of five narratives about the São Francisco river - Burton, Pierson, Cavalcanti, Cappio and Tarsia (& partners The article seeks to understand how mimesis and seduction join these actors to the river and to the reader, in such a way that, at the same time the authors construct themselves in the narrative, hermeneuticly they - storytellers and river - cast their nets over the reader.

  16. Resultados preliminares sobre os teores de detergentes aniônicos na baía e estuário de Santos Preliminary results on anionic detergent contents in the bay and estuary of Santos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angela Valin da Silveira

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available Os maiores níveis de detergentes foram obtidos no interior do Canal de Santos, em frente ao Canal 6 e na região do difusor do emissário submarino de esgostos de Santos. Há, assim, três fontes principais de detergentes para a região: a o complexo industrial de Cubatao - Sistema Billings; b a cidade de Santos (ligações clandestinas de esgotos, e c o emissário submarino. Os níveis de detergentes obtidos variaram de 0,11 a 0,97 ppm ABS.The highest level of detergents was obtained in the interior of the Santos Channely in front of Channel 6 and also in the vicinity of the Santos ocean outfall diffusor. There are thus three principal soucers of detergents in this region: a. the Cubatão industrial complex, and the Billings reservoir; b. the city of Santos (unauthorized sewage connections; c. the ocean outfall. Detergent levels obtained vary between 0.11 and 0.97 ppm ABS.

  17. Variation in haematozoan parasitism at local and landscape levels in the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Durrant, Kate L.; Reed, Jennifer L.; Jones, Peter J.;

    2007-01-01

    The red-billed quelea Quelea quelea, one of the most abundant birds in the world, presents two fundamental conundrums that we investigate here with a novel approach using blood parasite assemblages at two spatial scales, landscape and individual. The quelea of southern Africa Q. q. lathamii...... parasite. At a finer scale, the colourful and variable breeding plumage of male red-billed quelea has not previously shown a correlation with predictors of quality, as it does in many other bird species. The male's breeding plumage is partially based on carotenoid colouration, the quality of which has been...... to indicate quality. Finally, we recovered the greatest number of haematozoan lineages from any phylogenetic survey of a single host species to date. Understanding the reasons for the extreme diversity of parasite lineages in this species may assist in explaining the success of the red-billed quelea...

  18. Level of billing as a function of resident documentation and orthopedic subspecialty at an academic multispecialty orthopedic surgery practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezfuli, Bobby; Smith, Jordan L

    2012-11-01

    Documentation, coding, and billing for physician-patient encounters have evolved over time and have significant variability. Appropriate and complete documentation of these encounters can contribute to the financial viability of private and academic medical centers. The objectives of this study were to assess the financial effect of documentation on billing and to compare the authors' institution's distribution of billing level compared with Medicare normative data. Four orthopedic surgery subspecialty clinics were evaluated at a university outpatient clinic over a 1-year period. A single full-day clinic per week was used for each subspecialty. Residents dictated the majority of the reports. All reports were transcribed by medical transcriptionists and coded by certified professional coders. The sports medicine subspecialty generated the highest volume of patient clinic visits, followed by foot and ankle, trauma, and spine (Paffect practices and warrant further analysis. PMID:23127460

  19. Can the proposed British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities command greater respect than the UK Human Rights Act 1998?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Kyneswood

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the UK Government’s proposals to reform human rights legislation in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland by repealing the Human Rights Act 1998 and introducing a British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities. It discusses the reasons behind the perceived unpopularity of the Human Rights Act 1998 and concludes that an alternative British Bill of Rights and Responsibilities would be no more popular or effective and that therefore proposals for reform are misconceived. This article by Natalie Kyneswood is an edited version of the essay that won the Middle Temple Lechmere Prize, September 2015

  20. Turismo comunitário: enquadramento conceptual, organizacional e impacte

    OpenAIRE

    Maximino, Cristina Branquinho

    2011-01-01

    A presente dissertação teve como objetivo analisar o processo de elaboração e implementação de viagens de turismo comunitário e identificar os potenciais benefícios para as comunidades recetoras de viagens de turismo comunitário, segundo a perceção de organizações europeias que trabalham na organização deste tipo de viagens. Para este efeito, foi efetuada uma reflexão teórica em termos concetuais de forma a enquadrar o conceito do turismo comunitário em conceitos mais abr...

  1. Relatório detalhado de atividade profissional

    OpenAIRE

    Guerreiro, António Manuel Marques

    2013-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Engenharia Eletrónica e Computadores O presente documento constitui o meu relatório de atividade profissional, como parte integrante do Mestrado em Engenharia de Eletrónica e Computadores. O objetivo do presente relatório é providenciar um resumo da minha atividade profissional no domínio na área de Informática, mais precisamente na área da administração de sistemas Informáticos. Neste relatório apresentam-se atividades desenvolvidas em contexto real de trabalho ...

  2. From Mesopotamia through Carroll Quigley to Bill Clinton: World Historical Systems, the Civilizationist, and the President

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Wilkinson

    1995-08-01

    Full Text Available The noted comparative civilizationist and world-historical systems analyst Carroll Quigley, whose theorizing rested on the whole historical span from Mesopotamia to the 1960's, was a teacher well-remembered by his student Bill Clinton.  Quigley, by an intensive process of reduction, or rather idealization, of masses of historical data, derived a procedure for the diagnosis and therapy of ailing civilizations/world-systems, especially the one which he inhabited.  The coherent, persistent and personal motifs of the policy discourse and variant initiatives of his student, the President, bear more than a passing resemblance to the hopeful, idealistic, voluntaristic, intellectual, scientific, economistic, demi-materialistic propensities of the civilizationist and teacher.

  3. Finite State Machine based Vending Machine Controller with Auto-Billing Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Monga

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, Vending Machines are well known among Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. The quantity of machines in these countries is on the top worldwide. This is due to the modern lifestyles which require fast food processing with high quality. This paper describes the designing of multi select machine using Finite State Machine Model with Auto-Billing Features. Finite State Machine (FSM modelling is the most crucial part in developing proposed model as this reduces the hardware. In this paper the process of four state (user Selection, Waiting for money insertion, product delivery and servicing has been modelled using MEALY Machine Model. The proposed model is tested using Spartan 3 development board and its performance is compared with CMOS based machine.

  4. Philippe Sébille-Lopez, Géopolitique du pétrole

    OpenAIRE

    Richard, Yann,

    2008-01-01

    Depuis la fin des années 1990, le pétrole, est redevenu un sujet de préoccupation majeur après une quinzaine d’années pendant lesquelles son prix extrêmement bas l’a rendu très discret. Cet ouvrage de Philippe Sébille-Lopez est donc le bienvenu. Il vient compléter la collection d’ouvrages dirigée par Yves Lacoste inaugurée récemment avec des géopolitiques du Caucase, de l’Arabie Saoudite et de la Côte-d’Ivoire. L’auteur ouvre sa réflexion sur une question apparemment simple. Le pétrole, et pl...

  5. Bill project for a new organisation of the electricity market (NOME): impact study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports a study of the impact of the implementation of regulated access to electricity, of a capacity obligation, and of the evolution of regulated selling prices. It outlines that the progressive opening to concurrence of electricity in European markets did not reach in France the expected objectives: to let consumers get the benefit of investment in nuclear energy, incentives for innovation and demand reduction, promotion of investments within the frame of the electricity European market, etc. The authors describe the electricity market new organisation which is defined in the bill project, and the expected impacts on the different actors, macro-economical impacts, impacts on public finance and employment, environmental impacts, social impacts, and legal impacts

  6. The bills of the parish church in Zator from the years 1559 to 1561

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przemysław Stanko

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The bills of the parish church in Zator from the years 1559 to 1561 presented in this article complete the current knowledge about the history of the parish in Zator in the beginning of the modern age. They include information about running renovations and repairs as well as they bring in a lot of interesting information about the parish school. They provide intelligence on the care over church paraments and the ways of obtaining them. They also bring unknown so far, especially for the linguists, knowledge about bring the knowledge of the surnames of both Zator townspeople and peasants living around the city, which might be of particular interest for linguists.

  7. Keeping Order: Motor-Car Regulation and the Defeat of Victoria's 1905 Motor-Car Bill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rick Clapton

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available At the turn of the twentieth century some upper-class Victorians became motorists; consequently, for the first time ever, regulation and policing intersected with this class of society. By 1905 so many concerns had been raised about compromised public order and safety that the Victorian State Government attempted to implement a Motor Car Bill based on its English predecessor (1903. Wealthy motorists possessed power and influence, however, which contributed to the postponement of legislation until 1910. Additionally, parliamentarians were drawn from the same social class as motorists, and, in creating regulation, they were potentially regulating their peers, colleagues and friends. The private motor-car also brought with it new issues of civil liberty and responsibility. Finding a balance between the two continued to be a problem, as private transport gradually became affordable for middle- and working-class people, and both the number of regulations and the power of the motoring lobby increased.

  8. An Experiment with Public-Oriented Knowledge Transfer: A Video on Quebec's Bill 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bélisle Pipon, Jean-Christophe; Lemoine, Marie-Ève; Laliberté, Maude

    2016-05-01

    When decision-makers are engaged in a polarized discourse and leaving aside evidence-based recommendations, is there a role for researchers in the dissemination of this scientific evidence to the general public as a means to counterbalance the debate? In response to the controversial Bill 10 in Quebec, we developed and posted a knowledge transfer video on YouTube to help stimulate critical public debate. This article explains our approach and methodology, and the impact of the video, which, in the space of two weeks, had more than 9,500 views, demonstrating the pertinence of such initiatives. We conclude with recommendations for other research groups to engage in public debates. PMID:27232235

  9. Duck-billed platypus venom peptides induce Ca2+ influx in neuroblastoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kita, Masaki; Black, David StC; Ohno, Osamu; Yamada, Kaoru; Kigoshi, Hideo; Uemura, Daisuke

    2009-12-23

    The duck-billed platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is one of the few venomous Australian mammals. We previously found that its crude venom potently induces Ca(2+) influx in human neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells. Guided by this bioassay, we identified 11 novel peptides, including the heptapeptide H-His-Asp-His-Pro-Asn-Pro-Arg-OH (1). Compounds 1-4 and 5-11 coincided with the 6-9 N-terminal residues of Ornithorhynchus venom C-type natriuretic peptide (OvCNP) and the 132-150 part of OvCNP precursor peptide, respectively. Heptapeptide 1, which is one of the primary components of the venom fluid (approximately 200 ng/microL), induced a significant increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in IMR-32 cells at 75 microM. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first example of the isolation of the N-terminal linear fragments of CNPs in any mammal. PMID:19928958

  10. Finite State Machine based Vending Machine Controller with Auto-Billing Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balwinder Singh

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, Vending Machines are well known among Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. The quantity of machines in these countries is on the top worldwide. This is due to the modern lifestyles which require fast food processing with high quality. This paper describes the designing of multi select machine using Finite State Machine Model with Auto-Billing Features. Finite State Machine (FSM modelling is the most crucial part in developing proposed model as this reduces the hardware. In this paper the process of four state (user Selection, Waiting for money insertion, product delivery and servicing has been modelled using MEALY Machine Model. The proposed model is tested using Spartan 3 development board and its performance is compared with CMOS based machine.

  11. Finite State Machine based Vending Machine Controller with Auto-Billing Features

    CERN Document Server

    Monga, Ana; 10.5121/vlsic.2012.3202

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, Vending Machines are well known among Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. The quantity of machines in these countries is on the top worldwide. This is due to the modern lifestyles which require fast food processing with high quality. This paper describes the designing of multi select machine using Finite State Machine Model with Auto-Billing Features. Finite State Machine (FSM) modelling is the most crucial part in developing proposed model as this reduces the hardware. In this paper the process of four state (user Selection, Waiting for money insertion, product delivery and servicing) has been modelled using MEALY Machine Model. The proposed model is tested using Spartan 3 development board and its performance is compared with CMOS based machine.

  12. Michigan Senate Bill 826: Replace Common Core with pre-2011 Massachusetts Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Stotsky

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Interested in academic standards and assessments proven to raise student achievement? You won’t get that from the Common Core Standards and their associated consortium tests, PARCC and SBAC. Despite the boisterous hype of higher, deeper, richer, more rigorous, and so on, there exists no valid evidence to support their claims of higher quality, achievement, or college readiness. There is a set of state standards and assessments, however, proven through actual experience to have raised academic achievement for students at all levels and in all curricular pathways: those used in Massachusetts from 2000 to 2011. So, why not use them? Such a proposal was recently proposed, and passed, by the Michigan Senate Education Policy Committee. Here, we provide links to Sandra Stotsky’s testimony before that committee, along with other relevant links. - See more at: http://nonpartisaneducation.org/Review/Resources/MichiganBill.htm

  13. Physiologic parameters in female Red-billed curassows (Crax blumenbachii in rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme A. Marietto-Gonçalves

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The present paper reports blood gas analysis, hematologic and micro bacteriologic information on four female Red-billed curassows, rescued from illegal wild animal trading, that were undergoing habilitation for reintroduction into the wild through Projeto Centrofauna/Botucatu-SP. There is a lack of physiological data on this species, endemic to the region of Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica, now under threat of extinction. This lack of information makes the clinical evaluation of these birds very difficult and has a direct and adverse effect on any of these birds received for medical treatment in hospitals, veterinary clinics and centers for research and conservation, as well as in reintroduction centers.

  14. The Application of Billings for Fertility Regulation Method during the Period of Breastfeeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金碧华; 姜国珠; 潘琢如; 颜洁敏; 彭守静; 陆仁康

    1999-01-01

    In order to adopt Billings Method for fertility regulation during the period of breast-feeding,cervical mucus was observed and monitored in 61 breast-feeding mothers.Urine estrogen and/or pregnanediol were/was measured in 15 breast feeding mothers.Observations on cervical mucus during 244 months were collected.The type of dry or no mucus was observed in 75.27% fully breast-feeding mothers.Constant unchanging mucus was ob-served in 69.39% partially breast-feeding mothers.Developmental changing mucus was observed in 79.25% of mothers bottle-feeding their infants.According to the record on cervical mucus within 6months postpartum,97.14% of the cervical mucus was consistent with normal menstrual cycles.Urine estrogen and /or pregnanediol were/was measured in 15 breast-feeding mothers.The level of estrogen in urine averaged 0.08 μmol/24 h in fully breast feeding mothers and 0.14 μmol/24 h in partially breast-feeding mothers.The peak level averaged 0.21 pmol/24 h in bottle-feeding mothers.The pregnanediol level was determined to confirm ovulation in bottle-feeding mothers.The average levels of cut off and the period of ovutation in 6bottle feeding mother were 7 μmol/24 h and 9 μmol/24 h respectively.Measurement of urine estrogen and pregnanediot level all matched with cervical mucus appearances.Conclusion: Billings Method is a simple,scientific method for contraception without side-effects during breast-feeding period.

  15. Living on the edge: demography of the slender-billed gull in the Western Mediterranean.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sanz-Aguilar

    Full Text Available Small and peripheral populations are typically vulnerable to local extinction processes but important for the metapopulation dynamics of species. The Slender-billed gull (Chroicocephalus genei is a long-lived species breeding in unstable ephemeral coastal habitats. Their Western Mediterranean populations are relatively small and represent the edge of their global geographical distribution. At a local scale, using long-term data (14 years on annual breeding success and capture-resights of marked individuals, we estimated and compared the vital rates and evaluated the connectivity of two Spanish populations (Ebro Delta and Doñana varying in their local environmental conditions. At a metapopulation scale, we analyzed 22 years of data on breeding numbers to predict their future prospects by means of population demographic models. Local survival and breeding success of gulls from the Ebro Delta was lower than those from Doñana, which is likely the result of higher permanent emigration and/or winter mortality in the former. Gulls from the Ebro Delta wintered mostly in Mediterranean areas whereas those from Doñana did so in Atlantic coasts, where food availability is higher. Whereas adult local survival was constant, juvenile local survival showed temporal parallel variations between colonies, probably related to natal dispersal to other breeding colonies. Our results suggested that dispersal was higher at the Ebro Delta and gulls emigrating from their natal colonies settled preferentially in close patches. We found large fluctuations in breeding numbers among local populations probably related to the fact that the Slender-billed gull is a species adapted to unstable and unpredictable habitats with high abilities to disperse between suitable patches depending on environmental stochastic conditions during breeding.

  16. Influence of monsoon-related riparian phenology on yellow-billed cuckoo habitat selection in Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Cynthia S.A.; Villarreal, Miguel; Van Riper, Charles, III

    2013-01-01

    Aim: The western yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus occidentalis), a Neotropical migrant bird, is facing steep population declines in its western breeding grounds owing primarily to loss of native habitat. The favoured esting habitat for the cuckoo in the south-western United States is low-elevation riparian forests and woodlands. Our aim was to explore relationships between vegetation phenology patterns captured by satellite phenometrics and the distribution of the yellow-billed cuckoo, and to use this information to map cuckoo habitat. Location: Arizona, USA. Methods: Land surface phenometrics were derived from satellite Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), bi-weekly time-composite, ormalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data for 1998 and 1999 at a resolution of 1 km. Fourier harmonics were used to analyse the waveform of the annual NDVI profile in each pixel. To create the models, we coupled 1998 satellite phenometrics with 1998 field survey data of cuckoo presence or absence and with point data that sampled riparian and cottonwood–willow vegetation types. Our models were verified and refined using field and satellite data collected in 1999. Results: The models reveal that cuckoos prefer areas that experience peak greenness 29 days later, are 36% more dynamic and slightly (< 1%) more productive than their average cottonwood–willow habitat. The results support a scenario in which cuckoos migrate northwards, following the greening of riparian corridors and surrounding landscapes in response to monsoon precipitation, but then select a nesting site based on optimizing the near-term foraging potential of the neighbourhood. Main conclusions: The identification of preferred phenotypes within recognized habitat can be used to refine future habitat models, inform habitat response to climate change, and suggest adaptation strategies. For example, models of phenotype preferences can guide management actions by identifying and prioritizing for

  17. Rio conference global environmental protection Agenda 21

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In reviewing the work packages included in the Rio Earth's Summit Agenda 21, intended as an activities guideline for international cooperation to ensure environmental protection with sustainable growth for all nations, this paper points out the areas which present the greatest obstacles in the establishment of common accords and discusses the directions being taken to surmount these obstacles. A major obstacle concerns uncertaindes in specifying limits on carbon dioxide emissions and their effects on world climate. Another concerns suitable methods to help finance effective technology transfer to developing countries. With regard to the former problem, a 'no regret' approach has been proposed to limit current C02 reduction interventions to those levels which, in all certainty, would not incur any future regrets once scientific knowledge has advanced enough to allow more accurate assessments of greenhouse gas/climate change inter-relationships. With regard to the latter problem, attempts are being made to reduce possible negative impacts on the petroleum industry due to energy surcharges suggested as a source of funding for technology transfer/environmental protection programs

  18. Magnetotaxy in microorganisms of Rio de Janeiro region: an overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some characteristics of several magnetotactic microorganisms found in sediments collected in Rio de Janeiro region are presented. The study of magnetic characteristics of these microorganisms indicate some general properties of the magnetotaxy phenomenons. (L.C.)

  19. Little Threat of Zika Spread from Rio Olympics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_160051.html Little Threat of Zika Spread From Rio Olympics: Study Because it's winter ... in Brazil are not likely to contract the Zika virus during their stay or bring it back ...

  20. NOC chefs de mission manual: Rio 2016 : April 2016

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Published in April 2016, the “Chefs de mission manual” offers a detailed overview of the services available to National Olympic Committees (NOCs) during the Rio 2016 Olympic Games, as well as Games-time operations.