WorldWideScience

Sample records for bilges

  1. 46 CFR 28.255 - Bilge pumps, bilge piping, and dewatering systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps, bilge piping, and dewatering systems. 28... the Aleutian Trade § 28.255 Bilge pumps, bilge piping, and dewatering systems. (a) Each vessel must be equipped with a bilge pump and bilge piping capable of draining any watertight compartment, other...

  2. 46 CFR 167.20-17 - Bilge pumps, bilge piping and sounding arrangements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps, bilge piping and sounding arrangements. 167... Ships § 167.20-17 Bilge pumps, bilge piping and sounding arrangements. The number, capacity, and arrangement of bilge pumps and bilge piping shall be in accordance with the requirements for cargo...

  3. 46 CFR 28.815 - Bilge pumps, bilge piping, and dewatering systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps, bilge piping, and dewatering systems. 28... REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Aleutian Trade Act Vessels § 28.815 Bilge pumps, bilge... fixed, self priming, powered, bilge pump, having a minimum capacity rating of 50 gallons per...

  4. 46 CFR 182.520 - Bilge pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps. 182.520 Section 182.520 Shipping COAST...) MACHINERY INSTALLATION Bilge and Ballast Systems § 182.520 Bilge pumps. (a) A vessel must be provided with bilge pumps in accordance with Table 182.520(a). A second power pump is an acceptable alternative to...

  5. 46 CFR 119.520 - Bilge pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps. 119.520 Section 119.520 Shipping COAST... Ballast Systems § 119.520 Bilge pumps. (a) Each vessel must be provided with bilge pumps in accordance... have a portable hand bilge pump that must be: (1) Capable of pumping water, but not...

  6. 46 CFR 169.654 - Bilge pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps. 169.654 Section 169.654 Shipping COAST... Electrical Bilge Systems § 169.654 Bilge pumps. (a) Vessels of less than 65 feet in length must have a portable hand bilge pump having a maximum capacity of 5 gpm. (b) In addition to the requirements...

  7. Open Ocean Bilging, Arabian Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    These dual oil slicks on the ocean surface are the result of tanker ships flushing their tanks (bilging) in the Arabian Sea (18.5N, 62.5E). These two ships flushed out their bilges, apparently contaminated with bunker oil, leaving oily residues on the ocean's surface. One wake, believed to have been done earlier than the other, has been broadened by the effects of surface winds and current.

  8. 46 CFR 169.652 - Bilge piping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge piping. 169.652 Section 169.652 Shipping COAST... Electrical Bilge Systems § 169.652 Bilge piping. (a) All vessels of 26 feet in length and over must be... than 120 feet in length the bilge pipe must be not less than one and one-half inches. Piping on...

  9. 46 CFR 111.01-5 - Protection from bilge water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection from bilge water. 111.01-5 Section 111.01-5...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS General § 111.01-5 Protection from bilge water. Each of the following in or around the bilge area must be arranged or constructed so that it cannot be damaged by bilge water:...

  10. 33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel may discharge an oily mixture from a machinery space bilge that is combined with an oil cargo residue if the vessel discharges in compliance...

  11. 46 CFR 182.510 - Bilge piping system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge piping system. 182.510 Section 182.510 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) MACHINERY INSTALLATION Bilge and Ballast Systems § 182.510 Bilge piping system. (a) A vessel of at least...

  12. 46 CFR 56.50-55 - Bilge pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps. 56.50-55 Section 56.50-55 Shipping COAST... Design Requirements Pertaining to Specific Systems § 56.50-55 Bilge pumps. (a) Self-propelled vessels. (1) Each self-propelled vessel must be provided with a power-driven pump or pumps connected to the...

  13. 46 CFR 119.510 - Bilge piping system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge piping system. 119.510 Section 119.510 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150... Ballast Systems § 119.510 Bilge piping system. A vessel must be provided with a piping system that...

  14. 46 CFR 56.50-50 - Bilge and ballast piping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... suctions may be required. (2) Arrangements shall be made whereby water in the compartments will drain to the suction pipes. Efficient means shall be provided for draining water from all tank tops, other... position between the bilge suction manifold and the pump. (h) Pipes for draining cargo holds or...

  15. Numerical Research of the Viscous Effect of the Bilge Keel on the Damping Moment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deng Rui

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Bilge keels are effective passive devices in mitigating the rolling motion, and the usage of them covers almost all the sea going vessels. This paper focuses on the viscous effect of the bilge keel, ignored the effect of the free surface and the effect of the ship hull, for the general viscous characteristic of the bilge keel. In order to investigate the viscous effect of the bilge keel on the total damping moment, a special 2 dimensional numerical model, which includes a submerged cylinder with and without bilge keels, is designed for the simulation of forced rolling. Three important factors such as bilge keels width, rolling periods, as well as maximal rolling angles are taken into account, and the viscous flow field around the cylinder is simulated by some codes based on the viscous method in different conditions, in which the three factors are coupled. Verification and validation based on the ITTC method are performed for the cylinder without bilge keels in the conditions of different rolling periods and maximal rolling angles. The primary calculation of damping moment induced by the cylinder with 0mm, 4mm, and 10mm width bilge keels shows some interesting results, and a systematic analysis is conducted. The analysis of the damping moment components suggests there is phase difference between the damping moment induced by the cylinder and the bilge keels, and when the bilge keels width reaches a special size, the total damping moment is mitigated. The calculation of the damping moments induced by the cylinder with some larger bilge keels are also performed, and the results suggest that, the damping moment induced by the bilge keels is increased rapidly and becomes the dominant part in the total damping moment while the width of the bilge keels are increased, but the damping moment induced by the cylinder is not changed significantly. Some illustration of the vortices formation and shedding is included, which is the mechanism of the damping

  16. 46 CFR 32.52-1 - Bilge pumps on tank vessels constructed or converted on or after November 19, 1952-TB/ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps on tank vessels constructed or converted on... Bilge pumps on tank vessels constructed or converted on or after November 19, 1952—TB/ALL. The number and arrangement of bilge pumps on each tank vessel shall conform to the requirements of subchapter...

  17. Simultaneous removal of oil and grease, and heavy metals from artificial bilge water using electro-coagulation/flotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rincón, Guillermo J; La Motta, Enrique J

    2014-11-01

    US and international regulations pertaining to the control of bilge water discharges from ships have concentrated their attention to the levels of oil and grease rather than to the heavy metal concentrations. The consensus is that any discharge of bilge water (and oily water emulsion within 12 nautical miles from the nearest land cannot exceed 15 parts per million (ppm). Since there is no specific regulation for metal pollutants under the bilge water section, reference standards regulating heavy metal concentrations are taken from the ambient water quality criteria to protect aquatic life. The research herein presented discusses electro-coagulation (EC) as a method to treat bilge water, with a focus on oily emulsions and heavy metals (copper, nickel and zinc) removal efficiency. Experiments were run using a continuous flow reactor, manufactured by Ecolotron, Inc., and a synthetic emulsion as artificial bilge water. The synthetic emulsion contained 5000 mg/L of oil and grease, 5 mg/L of copper, 1.5 mg/L of nickel, and 2.5 mg/l of zinc. The experimental results demonstrate that EC is very efficient in removing oil and grease. For oil and grease removal, the best treatment and cost efficiency was obtained when using a combination of carbon steel and aluminum electrodes, at a detention time less than one minute, a flow rate of 1 L/min and 0.6 A/cm(2) of current density. The final effluent oil and grease concentration, before filtration, was always less than 10 mg/L. For heavy metal removal, the combination of aluminum and carbon steel electrodes, flow rate of 1 L/min, effluent recycling, and 7.5 amps produced 99% zinc removal efficiency. Copper and nickel are harder to remove, and a removal efficiency of 70% was achieved.

  18. 33 CFR 155.350 - Oily mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on oceangoing ships of less...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... oil tank ballast water discharges on oceangoing ships of less than 400 gross tons. 155.350 Section 155... mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on oceangoing ships of less than 400 gross tons. (a) No person may operate an oceangoing ship of less than 400 gross tons, unless it either:...

  19. ULTRA-SEP Bilge Water Separators Certification for treating emulsions with type approval from ABS to IMO MEPC.107(49)%科芬(Coffin)水处理系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Designed and manufactured by Coffin World Water Systems (CWWS) for treating free and emulsified oils, ULTRA-SEP Bilge Water Separators are now certified in accordance with European Union Marine Equipment Directive (MED) 96/98/EC (as amended by 2002/75/EC) for compliance with IMO resolution MEPC. 107(49),

  20. Vibration Analysis of the Crank-link Mechanism of Reciprocating Bilge Pumps%往复泵曲柄连杆机构振动特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏江敏; 刘海冰; 张振海; 朱石坚; 俞翔

    2016-01-01

    运用刚性和柔性多体系统动力学理论,对舱底泵曲柄连杆机构进行运动学和动力学计算,分析出其主要激励力频率和大小,并运用多体系统动力学软件Adams,对其进行运动学、动力学仿真和振动分析。结果表明,用柔性多体动力学理论将机构柔性化,能够更加准确揭示其振动特性,对往复泵设计和低噪声修理具有重要参考意义。%Reciprocating bilge pump has a complex structure, high loading intensity and stable line-spectral components. It is always the research focus of ship’s mechanical vibration and noise reduction. In this paper, applying the rigid and flexible multi-body dynamics theory, kinematics and dynamics calculation is done for the crank-link mechanism of the reciprocating bilge pump. The frequency and magnitude of its main excitation force are analyzed. By means of the Adams software, the kinematics and dynamics simulation is done and the system vibration response is analyzed. The results show that with the flexible multi-body dynamics theory, the vibration characteristics of the mechanism can be revealed more accurately. This work has important reference value in reciprocating pump design and low noise improvement.

  1. Les prédécesseurs médiévaux d'Atatürk. Bilge kaghan et le sultan Alp Arslan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Copeaux

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le kémalisme, idéologie officielle de la république de Turquie, a pris pour modèle la société et les institutions européennes. Cependant, pour légitimer les importantes réformes des années trente aux yeux de l'opinion, le pouvoir culturel a choisi de les faire passer pour un retour aux anciennes traditions turques du Moyen Âge pré-musulman et musulman. C'est pourquoi, dans les discours historiques scolaire et académique, l'accent a été vigoureusement porté sur le versant asiatique et médiéval du passé des Turcs.De la sorte, Atattirk lui-même a été présenté non pas comme un légataire des valeurs occidentales qu'il avait importées en Turquie, mais comme l'héritier de certains héros de l'histoire turque médiévale. Le kaghan Bilge, qui a dirigé au VIIIe siècle les Turcs dits « Célestes » en haute Asie, est censé représenter les « pures » valeurs de la turcité, non atteinte encore par l'Islam, perçu dans ce cas comme une influence étrangère. Le sultan seldjoukide Alp Arslan, qui a vaincu les Byzantins en Anatolie orientale et ouvert ce pays aux Turcs, est considéré comme le créateur de l'actuelle Turquie musulmane.Dans le récit historique, ces deux héros sont explicitement présentés comme les prédécesseurs d'Atatürk. Des procédés rhétoriques et discursifs permettent à la fois de projeter les préoccupations du présent sur ce passé médiéval, et de légitimer le présent par le passé. Chacun des deux héros porte des valeurs différentes - la turcité « pure » et la turcité musulmane - qui ont leur propre fonction dans l'idéologie kémaliste et dans la mémoire collective.

  2. Prediction of Roll Hydrodynamics of Cylinders Fitted with Bilge Keels with RANS%带舭龙骨柱体的横摇阻尼的粘性流计算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢楠; Dracos VASSALOS; B.S.LEE

    2007-01-01

    文章用RANSE求解器计算在自由面上带舭龙骨二维柱体的横摇水动力系数(附加惯量和阻尼).采用有限体积法(VOF)和两相流技术在时间域内求解柱体横摇强迫振荡所扰动的带自由面粘性流场.由柱体所受到的横摇水动力矩的时间历程导出横摇水动力系数.文中所给算例与已公开发表的试验结果吻合令人满意.%An RANS solver is used to predict roll hydrodynamic coefficients (added inertia moment and damping) of a two-dimensional section with/without bilge keels on the free surface. The viscous flow field disturbed by the forced roll motion is solved in time domain with VOF and two-phases flow approach. The roll hydrodynamic coefficients are derived from time histories of the roll hydrodynamic moments. The results are compared with published model test measurements and a fairly good agreement was found.

  3. 46 CFR 162.050-35 - Bilge alarm: Approval tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... mixture causing actuation of the alarm is taken. (2) If the alarm has a positive displacement mixture pump... mixture causing actuation of the alarm is taken. (3) If the alarm has a positive displacement mixture pump... centrifugal mixture pump or is not equipped with a mixture pump, the mixture flow rate is reduced to...

  4. Water Quality Management of Bilge Wastes at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    has not been utilized on a full-scale to remove metals. Lankford and Eckenfelder reported that "reverse osmosis is not a currently (as of 1990...for treatment of concentrated low-volume waste streams" (Lankford and Eckenfelder 1990, 95). Therefore only a small amount of performance data on 48...and solvents (Lankford and Eckenfelder 1990, 96). * Dilution with non-contaminated/pure water will reduce the concentration of all pollutants in the

  5. 46 CFR 162.050-20 - Separator and bilge alarm test fluids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 162.050-35; (4) Operate the centrifugal pump B running at a speed of not less than 3,000 rpm with a...; (6) To establish a stable emulsion keep running the centrifugal pump B for one hour and confirm no... this section, keep running the centrifugal pump B at reduced speed to approximately 10 percent...

  6. Simulation and Analyzing of the Submarine Fire at Bilges%潜艇机舱舱底火灾模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖霞; 祝佳琰; 张孝华

    2013-01-01

    以某舱底火为例,采用CFD模拟软件,设置潜艇通风工况,对潜艇机舱舱底火的发展过程进行模拟计算.研究遮蔽作用下火灾烟气流动、温度场分布特征、火焰蔓延等火灾特性,分析火灾发展对机舱舱壁的温度影响,总结出该舱室消防系统的设计建议.

  7. The Eliminating Analysis for Ejector Failure of Bilge System%舱底系统喷射泵的故障排除

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    储年生

    2010-01-01

    本文从选型、系统设计、布置等方面分析了造成运用于船舶舱底系统喷射泵真空失效的常见故障,着重论述了管路压力损失的具体表现形式和基于离心泵的选型常见错误,并通过实际案例,并逐一研究解决方法,为解决此类问题提供了指导.

  8. 46 CFR 185.512 - Recommended emergency instructions format.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Coast Guard. (3) Fire. (i) Cut off air supply to fire—close items such as hatches, ports, doors, ventilators, and louvers, and shut off ventilation system. (ii) Cut off electrical system supplying affected... in bilges. Use power driven bilge pump, hand pump, and buckets to dewater. (iii) Align fire pumps...

  9. 46 CFR 28.265 - Emergency instructions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY UNINSPECTED VESSELS REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Requirements for Documented Vessels That Operate Beyond the Boundary Lines or With More... the vessel. (ii) Keep bilges dry to prevent loss of stability due to water in bilges. Use power...

  10. 75 FR 65256 - Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ..., clean cooling water, and clean bilge water all be free of detectable levels of ``harmful matter'' as... clean vessel deck wash down, clean vessel engine cooling water, clean bilge water, or anchor wash, and... also except clean vessel wash down, clean vessel engine cooling water, clean vessel engine exhaust,...

  11. 75 FR 66757 - Stakeholder Input; Listening Session Seeking Suggestions for Improving the Next National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... runoff and above water line hull cleaning; bilge water; ballast water; anti-fouling leachate from anti-fouling hull coatings; aqueous film forming foam (AFFF); boiler/economizer blowdown; cathodic...

  12. Cost Effectiveness Study of Wastewater Management Systems for Selected U.S. Coast Guard Vessels. Volume V. Characteristics and Cost Estimates of Selected Marine Sanitary Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-02-01

    distinct levels) will be necessary. b. Vacuum Pumps and Seal Water Tank Dual vacuum pumps, direct coupled to electric motors, are in- stalled in parallel...equipment, special transformers, ozone detector, bilge; alarmi. (4) ELg, compresor Instal~ed to support MSD operation. (5) Catalyst bod not special...detector, bilge alarm. (4) E.g.. compresor irutalted to support IASD opera.lon. (5) Fllters! charcoal, clay, bag: possibly pro-filter, (0) Incinerator

  13. COMPARISON OF RESISTANCE FOR SEVERAL DISPLACEMENT HIGH PERFORMANCE VEHICLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Xiao-ping; LI Yun; DONG Zu-shun

    2005-01-01

    According to the linear wave resistance theory, a comparison among the ship resistance for the high speed round bilge ships, the deep "Vee" vessels, the wave-piercing catamarans, and the high speed trimarans was given by using the high-speed round-bilge ship as a benchmark. And the optimal speed range of each ship form was also suggested by using the analysis of the research results.

  14. Genç fizikçi snowboard kazas?nda yaraland?

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Isparta'daki uçak kazasinda ölen fizikçi bilim insanlariyla ayni grupta çalisan Yrd. Doç. Dr. Bilge Demirköz, Kartalkaya'da snowboard kazasi sonrasi yaralandi. Istanbul'a sevk edilen Demirköz, tedavi altina alindi.

  15. 46 CFR 25.40-1 - Tanks and engine spaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Tanks and engine spaces. 25.40-1 Section 25.40-1...-1 Tanks and engine spaces. (a) All motorboats or motor vessels, except open boats and as provided in... from the bilges of every engine and fuel tank compartment. There shall be at least one exhaust...

  16. Mida vaadata pimedatel öödel? / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Filmirežissöör ja -kriitik soovitab kolme režissööri, kelle filme näidatakse 10. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil : Alex van Warmerdam (Holland), Michael Winterbottom (Suurbritannia) ja Nuri Bilge Ceylan (Türgi)

  17. 29 CFR 1915.14 - Hot work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... within spaces which meet the standards for oxygen, flammability and toxicity in § 1915.12, but are... greater than 10 percent of the lower explosive limit: (i) Dry cargo holds, (ii) The bilges, (iii) The... equal to or greater than 10 percent of the lower explosive limit in the space or an adjacent space...

  18. Maailmalõpu valust ja ilust Cannes'is / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak, 1955-

    2011-01-01

    64. Cannes'i filmifestivali auhindade saajatest. Kuldse Palmioksa pälvis ameerika režissööri Terrence Malicki film "Elupuu", grand prix' belgia režissööride Jean-Pierre ja Luc Dardenne film "Poiss jalgrattaga" ning türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani film "Ükskord Anatoolias"

  19. 33 CFR 158.120 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... in this part: Bunker oil means oil loaded into bunker tanks for use as fuel. Captain of the Port... facilities required under the Act and MARPOL 73/78, and has Form A, Form B, or Form C attached. Clean ballast... liquid form from cargo tanks and cargo pump room bilges, including but not limited to,...

  20. 48 CFR 1352.271-70 - Inspection and manner of doing work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., particularly where such activities are undertaken in the vicinity of the vessel's fuel oil tanks, magazines or... contractor's pier or in dry dock or on a marine railway. All tanks or bilge areas under alteration or repair... sufficient lighting, for the prevention of accidents or injury to persons or property during the...

  1. 46 CFR 16.105 - Definitions of terms used in this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... a controlled-substance analog (as defined in section 102 of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Control...; electric power generators; bilge, ballast, fire, and cargo pumps; deck machinery including winches..., collectors, BATs and STTs, laboratories, MROs, substance abuse professionals, and C/TPAs. To act as...

  2. Cannes : türgi eksistentsialism ja ameerika kiirtoit / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : türklase Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kliima", soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled", inglase Andrea Arnoldi "Punane tänav" ("Red Road"), ameeriklase Richard Linklateri "Kiirtoidurahvas" ("Fast Food Naton") ja samuti ameeriklase Richard Kelly "Lõuna jutud" ("Southland Tales")

  3. "Don Kihotõ" nazõvajut lutshshih / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon (FICC) andis oma auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki")

  4. Development of a New Long Duration Solar Powered Autonomous Surface Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    radar reflectors, and an automatic bilge pump. The onboard control system includes a single board computer , communications hardware, navigation...controller (OMC) is a rugged embedded single board computer . The onboard communications bus connects all hardware through the use of an Ethernet local

  5. 46 CFR 46.15-5 - Engineering requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Engineering requirements. 46.15-5 Section 46.15-5... Lakes Voyages § 46.15-5 Engineering requirements. (a) Bilge and ballast systems, piping, inlets and... subchapter F (Marine Engineering) of this chapter....

  6. 76 FR 11980 - Stakeholder Input: Listening Session to Provide Information and Solicit Suggestions for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ..., and bilge water. Boating activities can also introduce toxic chemicals and other pollutants. For... organism growth on vessel hulls can release heavy metals and/or other biocides, which can lead to acute or chronic toxicity in non-targeted organisms. Bilgewater can contain oils, dissolved heavy metals, and...

  7. 46 CFR 190.15-5 - Vessels using fuel having a flashpoint of 110 °F. or lower.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., unless of a totally enclosed, explosion-proof type, shall be located outside of the ducts and outside of... water in the bilge will not close off the ducts. (g) All ducts shall be of steel construction and reasonably gastight from end to end. The ducts shall lead as direct as possible and be properly fastened...

  8. Rakkautta ja anarkkiaa, naiset ja herrat! / Tõnu Karjatse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjatse, Tõnu

    2008-01-01

    Helsingi 21. festivalist "Armastus ja Anarhia" ning Eesti filmi osast sellel. Vaatajahääletuse võitis Jordaania "Captain Abu Raed" (režii Amin Matalqa). Teisi huvitavaid filme - Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kolm ahvi", Sergei Dvortsevoi "Tulpan", Mamoru Oshii "Skycrawlers"

  9. Army Research Office Workshop on Dynamic Response of Composite Structures Held in New Orleans, Louisiana on August 30-September 1, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-04-01

    or any other asine of that c olletn of informaetio. including ug DrectorFate lOt formOti Operation, and Reports. 121S Jefferson 0eVi Highway. Shte...34width. Each bin fher along on tize x -a perforation limit. More work Is needed In order tomade twice as bilge as the preceding one. The total correlate

  10. 75 FR 82280 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Snapper-Grouper Fishery Off the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ... participated in several surveys to assess the impacts of cruise ship discharge of food waste, gray water, bilge... estimate the dilution of cruise ship discharges into receiving waters. Another survey, conducted in Skagway... from docked cruise ships. The EPA also prepared a Cruise Ship Discharge Assessment Report...

  11. Mehhiko filmikunst toob Cannes'i värskeid tuuli / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled" ("Laitakaupungin valot"), hispaanlase Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Tagasitulek"), inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"), türklase Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kliima", itaallase Nanni Moretti "Kaiman" ("The Caiman"), mehhiklase Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu USA mängufilm Brad Pitt'iga peaosas "Paabel" ("Babel")

  12. AGOR 28

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-18

    Aft Deck Noise Levels – RFW in the works. • Steering Hydraulics – Reports from Armstrong indicate that the system hydraulics over heat during DP...from SCU’s, Fan Coil Units and Freeze Box drain to bilge pockets. Change order quote received and under review. • Fire Pump Sea Chest Vent – Vent...Port, Starboard and Fire Pump sea chests. All penetrations and welds inspected and tested with ABS in attendance

  13. BaÅYar?l? fizikçi kayak kazas?nda yaraland?

    CERN Multimedia

    HARIGAN, Hayati

    2008-01-01

    AVRUPA Nükleer Arastirma Örgütü'nde (CERN) yürütülen Atlas Projesi'nde çalisan Yardimci Doç. Dr. Bilge Demirköz (27) tatilini geçirdigi Bolu Kartalkaya'da kayak yaparken baska bir kayakçiyla çarpisti. Demirköz, çarpistigi kisiden de sikâyetçi oldu.

  14. Kuldpalmioksa said lihtsad lood / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2003-01-01

    Lõppes 56. Cannes'i filmifestival. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis ameerika režissööri Gus Van Santi "Elevant", žürii grand prix' sai türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Eemal" ("Uzak"). Auhinnati ka Kanada komöödiat "Barbarite sissetungid" režii Denys Arcand), iraanlanna Samira Makhmalbafi "Kell viis pealelõunal". Filmiajakirjanike auhinna sai Aleksandr Sokurovi" "Isa ja poeg". Lisatud premeeritute nimekiri

  15. Palmioksad läksid üllatusmeestele / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2003-01-01

    Lõppes 56. Cannes'i filmifestival. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis ameerika režissööri Gus Van Santi "Elevant", žürii grand prix' sai türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Eemal" ("Uzak"). Auhinnati ka Kanada komöödiat "Barbarite sissetungid" režii Denys Arcand), iraanlanna Samira Makhmalbafi "Kell viis pealelõunal". Lisatud premeeritute nimekiri

  16. Von Trier mängis oma šansid maha / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2011-01-01

    64. Cannes'i filmifestivalil auhindadele kandideerivatest filmidest. Lisatud nimekiri võitnud töödest. Kuldse Palmioksa pälvis ameerika režissööri Terrence Malicki film "Elupuu", grand prix' belgia režissööride Jean-Pierre ja Luc Dardenne film "Poiss jalgrattaga" ning türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani film "Ükskord Anatoolias"

  17. Ka ilmetu Cannes'i festival jääb ikkagi heaks / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade 56. Cannes'i filmifestivalil võistelnud filmidest. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis ameerika režissööri Gus Van Santi "Elevant", žürii grand prix' sai türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Eemal" ("Uzak"). Auhinnati ka Kanada komöödiat "Barbarite sissetungid" režii Denys Arcand), iraanlanna Samira Makhmalbafi "Kell viis pealelõunal". Lisatud auhinnatute nimekiri

  18. Blast and Fragment Protective Sandwich Panel Concepts for Stainless Steel Monohull Designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-21

    average compressive strain was deduced from laser interferometer measurements of the relative approach of the two faces. The measured...Behavior Flat lile \\ L V Curved lile I (Airing ^^^^^ Bilg* k«el W NSWC-CD Assessment: •Rob Michelson has completed the...with fiber are very efficient - heat source providing least distortion • Friction Stir Welding (FSW) - Solid state process with least heat input

  19. Oil Spill Response Technology Initiation Decision Report to the Pollution Abatement Ashore Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    too much water. This bilge water, though, is often contaminated. The BioSok is a small, 3- by 10-inch “ sock ” with PRP encased in polypropylene...traditional bailing methods. UniRemInc makes the standard WellBoom by filling a weighted polypropylene sock , 36 inches long and up to 3 inches in...fitted with dual slip -ring assemblies, uniquely allowing full and continuous rotation through 3600 in both vertical and horizontal planes. It can be

  20. "Tjomnõje notshi" vstretili passvet / Aleksandra Manukjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manukjan, Aleksandra

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali publikuauhinna sai "Tõusuvesi" ("Nousukausi") : režissöör Johanna Vuoksenmaa : Soome 2003, FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon andis auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki"). Ka "tütarfestivalide" "Animated Dreams", "Sleepwalkers" ja "Just Film" auhinnatutest

  1. PÖFF-i publik hindas parimaks Soome filmi / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali publikuauhinna sai "Tõusuvesi" ("Nousukausi") : režissöör Johanna Vuoksenmaa : Soome 2003, FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon (FICC) andis oma auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki")

  2. PÖFFi publik andis auhinna Soome filmile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali publikuauhinna sai "Tõusuvesi" ("Nousukausi") : režissöör Johanna Vuoksenmaa : Soome 2003, FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon andis auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki")

  3. STS-55 crewmembers repair waste water tank on OV-102's middeck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Three STS-55 crewmembers participate in an inflight maintenance (IFM) exercise to counter problems experienced with a waste water tank below Columbia's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102's, middeck. Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr, inside the airlock, holds middeck floor access panel MD54G and looks below at Pilot Terence T. Henricks who is in the bilge area. Commander Steven R. Nagel is lying on middeck floor at the left.

  4. STS-55 crewmembers repair waste water tank under OV-102's middeck subfloor

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Pilot Terence T. Henricks uses a spotlight and pen to point out a possible problem area on a waste water tank in the bilge area below Columbia's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102's, middeck. Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross records the activity with a video camcorder. The crewmembers are participating in an inflight maintenance (IFM) exercise to counter problems experienced with the waste water tank.

  5. Biodegradation pattern of hydrocarbons from a fuel oil-type complex residue by an emulsifier-producing microbial consortium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nievas, M L; Commendatore, M G; Esteves, J L; Bucalá, V

    2008-06-15

    The biodegradation of a hazardous waste (bilge waste), a fuel oil-type complex residue from normal ship operations, was studied in a batch bioreactor using a microbial consortium in seawater medium. Experiments with initial concentrations of 0.18 and 0.53% (v/v) of bilge waste were carried out. In order to study the biodegradation kinetics, the mass of n-alkanes, resolved hydrocarbons and unresolved complex mixture (UCM) hydrocarbons were assessed by gas chromatography (GC). Emulsification was detected in both experiments, possibly linked to the n-alkanes depletion, with differences in emulsification start times and extents according to the initial hydrocarbon concentration. Both facts influenced the hydrocarbon biodegradation kinetics. A sequential biodegradation of n-alkanes and UMC was found for the higher hydrocarbon content. Being the former growth associated, while UCM biodegradation was a non-growing process showing enzymatic-type biodegradation kinetics. For the lower hydrocarbon concentration, simultaneous biodegradation of n-alkanes and UMC were found before emulsification. Nevertheless, certain UCM biodegradation was observed after the medium emulsification. According to the observed kinetics, three main types of hydrocarbons (n-alkanes, biodegradable UCM and recalcitrant UCM) were found adequate to represent the multicomponent substrate (bilge waste) for future modelling of the biodegradation process.

  6. Analysis of Polluted Oily Water Management in Klaipėda Sea Port Klaipėda sea port contaminated oily water management analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goda Zobėlaitė

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Lithuania is one of the countries that have ratified the Marpol 73/78 Convention which foresees the tools of reduction and prevention of sea pollution with bilge water and other substances. The Directive of the European Parliament and Council 2000/59/EB is addressed to the reduction of waste on board of ships and its wash overboard..
    Analysis of the ships entering Klaipėda Sea Port has estimated that oil waste comprises about 74 % of the whole collected waste amount. The analysis of technological flows and documents has indicated problematic points in the following processes:
    1. collection of oily and engine bilge water from ships;
    2. collection of spilled overboard oil products;
    3. exploitation of intermediate accumulative reservoirs in the port;
    4. regular transportation of accumulated oily water engine bilge water to the oil-polluted water treatment station;
    5. distribution, storage, treatment (mechanical, physical, sorption of pumped engine bilge water.
    Among oil polluted waste, its specific kind - oily water emerges in ports and it is called "engine bilge water" in the Waste Management Regulations. Engine bilge water is specific and hazardous to the environment as it is a liquid compound of water and oil products capable of making steady emulsions. It also acquires specific properties during various technological processes. Equipment, technological processes, specificity of the control related to combustibility and inflammability, as well as conformity to the requirements of the International and EU Rights, technological processes management and documents are needed for the management of this specific waste. For this reason, separation of this oily water from the common oil-polluted waste and analysis of these streams of waste treatment are of great importance in enhancement of the effectiveness of environmental protection during the management process of this oily waste.
    Applying a system approach

  7. Non-Chromate Aluminum Pretreatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    painted steel test stands using porcelain insulator stand-offs. The rack angle of the coupons is 30 degrees from horizontal. An “X” incision was...Components with TCP – NADEP CP, October 2000 5.1 – LCAC-26 Oily Waste Tank with TCP Test Patch 5.2 – Beachside Exposure Racks , Little Creek, VA 5.3...Hull Components – AA7039 5.22 – Headlight Guards 5.23 – Stowage Box Doors 5.24 – Floor Plate, Bilge Pump 5.25 – Driver’s Steering Yoke 5.26

  8. Test Studies of the Resistance and Seakeeping Performance of a Trimaran Planing Hull

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Weijia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Towing tank tests in calm water were performed on a trimaran planing hull to verify its navigational properties with different displacements and centres of gravity, as well as to assess the effects of air jets and bilge keels on the hull’s planing capabilities, and to increase the longitudinal stability of the hull. Hydrostatic roll tests, zero speed tests, and sea trials in the presence of regular waves were conducted to investigate the hull’s seakeeping ability. The test results indicate that the influence of the location of the centre of gravity on the hull resistance is similar to that of a normal trimaran planing hull; namely, moving the centre of gravity backward will reduce the resistance but lower the stability. Bilge keels improve the longitudinal stability but slightly affect the resistance, and the presence of air jets in the hull’s channels decreases the trim angle and increases heaving but has little effect on the resistance. Frequent small-angle rolling occurs in waves. The heaving and pitching motions peak at the encounter frequency of , and the peaks increase with velocity and move towards greater encounter frequencies. When the encounter frequency exceeds, the hull motion decreases, which leads to changes in the navigation speed and frequency.

  9. Thin-film Nanofibrous Composite Membranes Containing Cellulose or Chitin Barrier Layers Fabricated by Ionic Liquids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    H Ma; B Hsiao; B Chu

    2011-12-31

    The barrier layer of high-flux ultrafiltration (UF) thin-film nanofibrous composite (TFNC) membranes for purification of wastewater (e.g., bilge water) have been prepared by using cellulose, chitin, and a cellulose-chitin blend, regenerated from an ionic liquid. The structures and properties of regenerated cellulose, chitin, and a cellulose-chitin blend were analyzed with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). The surface morphology, pore size and pore size distribution of TFNC membranes were determined by SEM images and molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) methods. An oil/water emulsion, a model of bilge water, was used as the feed solution, and the permeation flux and rejection ratio of the membranes were investigated. TFNC membranes based on the cellulose-chitin blend exhibited 10 times higher permeation flux when compared with a commercial UF membrane (PAN10, Sepro) with a similar rejection ratio after filtration over a time period of up to 100 h, implying the practical feasibility of such membranes for UF applications.

  10. The Story of Wise Creature-Moses and The Myth Khidr in the Islamic Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Öztürk, Mustafa

    2003-01-01

    Bu makalede, ilk olarak, Kur’an’da geçen Bilge kul-Musa kıssasında iletilmek istenen temel mesajın mahiyeti hakkında bilgi verilmiştir. İkinci olarak, kıssada “Bilge Kul” olarak anılan ve fakat İslam kültüründe “Hızır” olarak adlandırılan kişinin gerçekten tarihte yaşamış bir insan olup olmadığı konusuna açıklık kazandırılmıştır. Son olarak, özellikle İslam tasavvuf kültüründeki Hızır figürünün mitolojik karakteri gözler önüne serilmiştir....

  11. 祛毒二黄活血汤消除痔术后水肿71例%Treatment of Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Decoction for Eliminating Postoperative Edema of Hemorrhoids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋风; 李东冰; 谢振年; 王芳丽; 郝丽丽

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察痔术后应用祛毒二黄活血汤湿敷的疗效.方法:选择实施ECTCI+外痔切除手术的混合痔患者142例,随机分为治疗组71例,对照组71例,治疗组使用祛毒二黄活血汤药棉温热浸透后外敷,对照组碘伏外敷,观察疼痛、伤口水肿、肛门坠胀等指标.结果:在改善术后水肿、延迟愈合、肛门坠胀方面,治疗组优于对照组(P<0.05).结论:对混合痔患者施行ECTCI+外痔切除治疗后,配合祛毒二黄活血汤外敷,可以很好地预防术后水肿、延迟愈合、肛门坠胀等并发症,减轻痛苦、缩短疗程.%Objective:To observe the effects of Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Soup for postoperative hemorrhoids.Methods:A total of 142 mixed hemorrhoids eases performed with ECTCI and external hemorrhoids operation were chosen and divided randomly into two groups.The treatment gronp( n = 64 ) was given Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Decoction,and the control gronp( n = 71 ) was treated with Iodine v.Pain,wound edema and anal drop bilge feeling were assessed.Results:The treatment group was superior to the control group in improving wound edema,delayed healing and anal drop bilge feeling ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion:Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Decoction will promote the prevention of complications after ECTCI and external hemorrhoids operation,such as wound edema,delayed healing,anal drop bilge feeling.It also can relieve patients suffering and shorten the treatment course.

  12. Verivärskeid elamusi igale maitsele / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Ülevaade 10. PÖFFi võistlusprogrammist. PÖFFi filme: "Meeletu" (rezh. Elmo Nüganen), "TumeSininePeaaeguMust" (rezh. Daniel Sanchez Arevalo), "Taksitermia" (rezh. György Palfi), "Eravaldus" (rezh. Joachim Lafosse), "Lahtikistud mees" (rezh. Aku Louhimies), "Rõhkkonnad" (rezh. Nuri Bilge Ceylan), "Reekviem" (rezh. Hans-Christian Schmid), "Väikesed punased lilled" (rezh. Zhang Yuan), "Sündroomid ja sajand" (režissöör Apichatpong Weerasethakul), "Mängides ohvrit" (rezh. Kirill Serebrennikov), "Et taevasse pääseda, tuleb kõigepealt surra" (rezh. Djamshed Usmonov), "Pojad" (rezh. Erik Strand Richter), "Maximo Oliverose õitseaeg" (rezh. Auraeus Solito), "Kelner" (rezh. Alex van Warmerdam), "Tagasinõudja" (rezh. Slawomir Fabick), "Mehed tööl" (rezh. Mani Haghighi), "4,6 miljardit aastat armastust" (rezh. Takashi Miike), "Sina oled mina" (rezh. Kristijonas Vildziunas)

  13. Kannskaja vetv mimo Ispanii - v Angliju / Ilona Vinogradova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinogradova, Ilona

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali võitjad. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis Ken Loachi mängufilm "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind That Shakes the Barley"), Grand Prix' sai prantslase Bruno Dumonti film "Flandria sõdalased" ("Flandres"), parim režissöör oli mehhiklane Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu filmi eest "Paabel" ("Babel"), parima naisnäitleja auhinna sai grupp näitlejannasid Pedro Almodovari filmist "Tagasitulek" ("Volver") ja meesnäitleja auhinna sai samuti grupp näitlejaid prantsuse filmist "Kuulsuse päevad" ("Indigenes"). Žürii eriauhind läks Andrea Arnoldi filmile "Punane tänav" ("Red Road"), FIPRESCI auhind türklasele Nuri Bilge Ceylani filmile "Kliima" ("Iklimler")

  14. Savaş Ganimeti olarak Arşiv Belgeleri. Osmanlı-Habsburg İlişkilerinin olağanüstü Birveçhesi

    OpenAIRE

    Römer, Claudıa

    2016-01-01

    Orta Avrupa başta olmak üzere pek çok Avrupa koleksiyonunda elyazmalarının yanı sıra 16. ve 17. yüzyıllara ait Osmanlı arşiv belgeleri de bulunmuştur. Bunların bir örneği, Avusturya Ulusal Kütüphanesinin (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, ÖNB) elyazmaları koleksiyonudur. Bu koleksiyon, elyazması toplamak için emek ve para harcayan ve zaman zaman özel koleksiyonlarını arşive bağışlayan bilge yöneticilerin ve düşünce adamlarının inadı sayesinde 16. yüzyıldan itibaren genişlemiştir. Bu çerçeve...

  15. Hangout with CERN: The Dark Side of the Universe (S03E10)

    CERN Multimedia

    Kahle, Kate

    2013-01-01

    Dark matter is a mysterious type of matter that no one can see but that makes up 27% of the content of the Universe. What is it? How do we know it's there? What are experiments at CERN doing to find out about it?In this week's hangout physicists from LHC, AMS and CAST experiments at CERN talk about what they're doing to explore the "dark side" of the Universe. Our host, ATLAS physicist Steven Goldfarb is joined by theorist Marco Cirelli and ATLAS physicist Xavier Portell Bueso, while elsewhere in CERN Julia Hoffman and Bilge Demirkoz from the AMS experiment are joined by student intern Laura Hourican. Cenk Yildiz joins from the CAST experiment and CMS physicist Sarah Malik connects from Fermilab, while Seth Zenz monitors social media, and Kate Kahle and Kelly Izlar handle production.Recorded live on 27 June 2013.

  16. 民航客机客货舱电缆设计%Civil Airplane Wiring Design for Cabin and Cargo Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志达

    2015-01-01

    Referring to the specialty of civil airplane’ s cabin and cargo zone, this article has introduced the basic method of wir-ing design for cabin and cargo zone, which includes the main wiring channel design of cabin and cargo zone, the wiring channel disconnect design of cabin and cargo zone, door wiring design, bilge wiring.%结合民航客机客货舱的特点,介绍了客货舱电缆设计的基本方法,包括客货舱电缆主通道设计、客货舱电缆分离面设计、舱门电缆设计、舱底布线。

  17. A summary of Alaska's unique cruise ship program : wastewater, air emissions, and ocean rangers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, D. [Alaska Dept. of Environmental Conservation, Juneau, AK (United States)

    2009-07-01

    Increased environmental awareness has led to concerns over the impacts of cruise ships on Alaska's marine environment. Federal legislation has been passed to ensure that large cruise ships no longer dump bilge water in areas within 3 nautical miles from the state's shoreline. The state has also been legislation to regulate sewage releases from both small and large vessels. The state requires registration, fees, and plans for emissions, and hazardous and solid wastes. As a result of the regulations, all large cruise ships discharging wastewater in Alaska had advanced wastewater treatment systems by 2003. The systems consist of solids separation, enhanced aerobic digestion, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, and ultraviolet disinfection systems. The quality of sewage dramatically improved in the region. Ocean rangers are now inspecting approximately 88 per cent of cruise ships visiting the Alaska region. Details of recent wastewater compliance actions were presented, as well as data on wastewater and waste emission limits. tabs., figs.

  18. Physiological response of the Caribbean Coral O. annularis to Pollution Gradients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, E. L.; Sivaguru, M.; Fouke, B. W.

    2014-12-01

    Orbicella annularis is an abundant ecological cornerstone framework-building Scleractinian coral throughout the Caribbean Sea. The O. annularis holobiont (biotic and abiotic components of the coral) is negatively impacted by increased exposure to anthropogenic pollution. This is consistently evidenced by altered tissue cellular composition, and skeletal structure. The O. annularis' holobiont is weakened by increased exposure to sewage and ship bilge pollution. Pollution exposure is characterized by decreased skeletal growth, as well as decreased zooxanthellae and chromatophore tissue cell densities. Healthy colonies studied at five sites on the leeward coast of Curacao, along a systematically decreasing pollution concentration, were sampled from the back-reef depositional facies of a protected fringing reef tract. A unidirectional oceanographic current flows to the NW past the city of Willemstad, a large point source of human sewage and ship bilge. This setting creates an ideal natural laboratory for in situ experimentation that quantitatively tracks the impact to coral physiology along a gradient from unimpacted to polluted seawater. Our lab has established laser scanning microscopy for three-dimensional (3D) quantification of zooxanthellae, and chromatophore cellular tissue density. X-ray computed tomography (BioCT) was used for analysis of skeletal density. Zooxanthellae density decreased as pollution concentration increased. Chromatophore density showed no significant relationship with pollution concentration but varied dramatically within each site. This suggests zooxanthellae density is highly impacted by environmental stress while variation in chromatophore density is driven by genetic variation. These results will be used to create a new model for environmental impacts on coral physiology and skeletal growth.

  19. Hydrocarbon removal from bilgewater by a combination of air-stripping and photocatalysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cazoir, D., E-mail: david.cazoir@ircelyon.univ-lyon1.fr [University Lyon 1, Lyon, F-69626, France, CNRS, UMR5256, IRCELYON, Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse et l' Environnement de Lyon, Villeurbanne, F-69626 (France); Fine, L.; Ferronato, C.; Chovelon, J.-M. [University Lyon 1, Lyon, F-69626, France, CNRS, UMR5256, IRCELYON, Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse et l' Environnement de Lyon, Villeurbanne, F-69626 (France)

    2012-10-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bilge water is an oily effluent that contaminates oceans and seas (MARPOL73/78). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hydrocarbon removal was studied by photocatalysis and air-stripping, together used. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both aqueous and gaseous phases were monitored by GC-MS during the process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The combined process showed a better efficiency and a synergistic effect. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer N-Alkanes (N{sub C} > 15) appeared as being the most refractory compounds. - Abstract: In order to prevent hydrocarbon discharge at sea from the bilge of ships, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) enacted the MARPOL 73/78 convention in which effluents are now limited to those with maximum oil content of 15 ppmv. Thus, photocatalysis and air-stripping were combined for the hydrocarbon removal from a real oily bilgewater sample and an original monitoring of both aqueous and gaseous phases was performed by GC/MS to better understand the process. Our results show that the hydrocarbon oil index [HC] can be reduced to its maximum permissible value of 15 ppmv (MARPOL) in only 8.5 h when photocatalysis and air-stripping are used together in a synergistic way, as against 17 h when photocatalysis is used alone. However, this air-assisted photocatalytic process emits a large quantity of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and, within the first four hours, ca. 10% of the hydrocarbon removal in the aqueous phase is actually just transferred into the gaseous one. Finally, we highlight that the n-alkanes with a number of carbon atoms higher than 15 (N{sub C} > 15) are those which most decrease the rate of [HC] removal.

  20. Two Different Expression of a Period - The Comparıson of Chinese and Turkish Texts of Kül Tigin Inscription / Bir Dönemin İki Farklı Anlatımı - Kül Tigin Yazıtının Çince ve Türkçe Metinlerinin Karşılaştırması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuba YALINKILIÇ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Orkhon inscriptions consist of not only the ancient Türkic texts which have been very attractive to Türkologistst, and also the Chinese texts written by Tang authorities, which have not been investigated enough. Although Bilge Tonyuquq Inscriptions are only Türkic and were erected by Türk Khanate, Kül Tegin and Bilge Qaghan Inscriptions are located in the center area of Türk Khanate and the front parts of the inscriptions were written by Tang and the monuments themselves were established by Tang craftsmen who made the monuments with Tang style, and the Türkic part was made by Türks on the other parts of the monuments. Tang Emperor Xuanzong himself drfted the Chinese part of the Kül Tegin Inscirption, and he ordered a high official did the same with the Bilge Qaghan Inscription, both texts are for mourning the dead Türk leader. Both Chinese and Türkic inscriptions are talking about the history of the relationship of the Tang and the Türks. However, while the Chinese parts recognize the long term friendship between Tang and Türks, the Türkic parts insist that Tang had been a major enemy of the Türks, a trouble maker, and a thread. With a history shared by Türks and Tang, why did both sides give so different stories? Research has shown that the differences in the historical discourse given by Tang and Türks are not for seeking the historical truth, the discourse served for political purposes. Both Chinese and Türkic inscriptions all assume that the audience were the the elites in Türk Khanate. To continue the practice of winning over Türks and to maintain this relation, Tang used a gentle and friendly historical discourse. But the Türkic parts were working on reminding Türks, in particular the elite groups, Tang had been antagonistic to Türks since the very beginning that Türks tried to establish their own country. Türk Khanate’s restoration movement was the focus of this discourse, because of which T

  1. Monitoring and Control of Human Effects on the Water Quality in Special Environment Protection Areas (SEPA), Fethiye-Gocek Measurements in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cizmeli, Ahmet; Alp, Emre; Duzgun, Sebnem; Orek, Hasan; Cevdet Yalciner, Ahmet

    2010-05-01

    Fethiye-Göcek region, the unique marine area having numerous calm bays for safe and enjoyable navigation, sailing and yachting is one of those Specially Protected Areas in Turkey. Göcek Bay, which has a remarkable tourism potential has became one of the most important destinations of the both Turkish and International blue voyagers. The bays of Göcek are used by significant number of yachts during summer season (May-September). Göcek Bay is the nearest bay having marinas for serving those yachts using the nearby bays. The increase in tourism capacity resulted in increase in economical activities as well as environmental problems. The pollution level of the area is affected by the uncontrolled waste disposals from the yachts, the circulation pattern and ecological characteristics of the area. In a previously conducted study, in order to develop proper management strategies, the number of yachts using Göcek Bay area has been determined. The research project involves the development of state-of-the-art remote sensing tools that will be used in the operational monitoring of the ecosystem and was funded by the Turkish Governmental Agency EPASA and the Middle East Technical University, Ankara. There are two general objectives of the project; (i) the development of an operational environmental surveillance system that makes regular use of optical remote sensing images backed with regularly collected in-situ ground truth data (ii) to characterize the chemical nature of the pollutants through in-situ measurements and design and build a water collection, treatment and discharge system for the domestic and bilge waters of the boats. Seawater samples were collected at 3 locations representing different pollution levels in Göcek Bay. One of the locations is in open sea which represents low pollution level (almost clean water). The concentrations of the measured parameters in seawater are below the limit values indicated in Water Pollution and Control Regulation and

  2. High-flux Thin-film Nanofibrous Composite Ultrafiltration Membranes Containing Cellulose Barrier Layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, H.; Yoon, K; Rong, L; Mao, Y; Mo, Z; Fang, D; Hollander, Z; Gaiteri, J; Hsiao , B; Chu, B

    2010-01-01

    A novel class of thin-film nanofibrous composite (TFNC) membrane consisting of a cellulose barrier layer, a nanofibrous mid-layer scaffold, and a melt-blown non-woven substrate was successfully fabricated and tested as an ultrafiltration (UF) filter to separate an emulsified oil and water mixture, a model bilge water for on-board ship bilge water purification. Two ionic liquids: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, were chosen as the solvent to dissolve cellulose under mild conditions. The regenerated cellulose barrier layer exhibited less crystallinity (determined by wide-angle X-ray diffraction, WAXD) than the original cotton linter pulps, but good thermal stability (determined by thermal gravimetric analysis, TGA). The morphology, water permeation, and mechanical stability of the chosen TFNCmembranes were thoroughly investigated. The results indicated that the polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibrous scaffold was partially imbedded in the cellulose barrier layer, which enhanced the mechanical strength of the top barrier layer. The permeation flux of the cellulose-based TFNCmembrane was significantly higher (e.g. 10x) than comparable commercial UFmembranes (PAN10 and PAN400, Sepro) with similar rejection ratios for separation of oil/water emulsions. The molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) of TFNC membranes with cellulose barrier layer was evaluated using dextran feed solutions. The rejection was found to be higher than 90% with a dextran molecular weight of 2000 KDa, implying that the nominal pore size of the membrane was less than 50 nm. High permeation flux was also observed in the filtration of an emulsified oil/water mixture as well as of a sodium alginate aqueous solution, while high rejection ratio (above 99.5%) was maintained after prolonged operation. A variation of the barrier layer thickness could dramatically affect the permeation flux and the rejection ratio of the TFNCmembranes, while different sources of cellulose

  3. Effects of drift angle on model ship flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longo, J.; Stern, F.

    The effects of drift angle on model ship flow are investigated through towing tank tests for the Series 60 CB=0.6 cargo/container model ship. Resistance, side force, drift moment, sinkage, trim, and heel data are procured for a range of drift angles β and Froude numbers (Fr) and the model free condition. Detailed free-surface and mean velocity and pressure flow maps are procured for high and low Fr=0.316 and 0.16 and β=5° and 10° (free surface) and β=10° (mean velocity and pressure) for the model fixed condition (i.e. fixed with zero sinkage, trim, and heel). Comparison of results at high and low Fr and previous data for β=0° enables identification of important free-surface and drift effects. Geometry, conditions, data, and uncertainty analysis are documented in sufficient detail so as to be useful as a benchmark for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) validation. The resistance increases linearly with β with same slope for all Fr, whereas the increases in the side force, drift moment, sinkage, trim, and heel with β are quadratic. The wave profile is only affected near the bow, i.e. the bow wave amplitude increases/decreases on the windward/leeward sides, whereas the wave elevations are affected throughout the entire wave field. However, the wave envelope angle on both sides is nearly the same as β=0°, i.e. the near-field wave pattern rotates with the hull and remains within a similar wave envelope as β=0°. The wave amplitudes are significantly increased/decreased on the windward/leeward sides. The wake region is also asymmetric with larger wedge angle on the leeward side. The boundary layer and wake are dominated by the hull vortex system consisting of fore body keel, bilge, and wave-breaking vortices and after body bilge and counter-rotating vortices. The occurrence of a wave-breaking vortex for breaking bow waves has not been previously documented in the literature. The trends for the maximum vorticity, circulation, minimum axial velocity, and

  4. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios: are they useful for predicting gestational diabetes mellitus during pregnancy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sargın MA

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Mehmet Akif Sargın, Murat Yassa, Bilge Dogan Taymur, Ayhan Celik, Emrah Ergun, Niyazi Tug Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey Objective: We aimed to investigate whether the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR could be utilized to screen for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM.Subjects and methods: NLR and PLR were assessed by retrospective analysis of 762 healthy and pregnant women with GDM. The patients were stratified into four groups, as follows: GDM (n=144, impaired glucose tolerance (n=76, only screen positive (n=238, and control (n=304.Results: The leukocyte, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts were significantly higher in the study groups compared with the control group (P=0.001; P<0.01. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups with respect to the NLR and PLR (P>0.05.Conclusion: We do not recommend that blood NLR and PLR can be used to screen for GDM. However, increase in the leukocyte count is an important marker for GDM as it provides evidence of subclinical inflammation. Keywords: inflammation, lymphocytes, neutrophils, platelets, pregnancy

  5. Örgütsel İmaj ve Örgüt Kültürü: Öğretmen Adayı Örnekleminde Nedensel Bir Araştırma

    OpenAIRE

    BEKTAŞ, FATİH

    2010-01-01

    Bu araştırmada örgütsel imajın örgüt kültürüne olan etkisinin öğretmen adayı algılarına dayalı olarak belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu nedenle araştırma nedensel desen kullanılarak tasarlanmıştır. Araştırmanın evreni, 2009-2010 öğretim yılı bahar yarıyılında Atatürk Üniversitesi Kazım Karabekir Eğitim Fakültesinde öğrenim gören öğretmen adaylarından oluşmaktadır. Araştırmanın örneklemi, ilgili fakültenin ilköğretim bölümü sınıf, ilköğretim matematik, okul öncesi, fen bilgisi ve sosyal bilg...

  6. Enhancement of hydrocarbon waste biodegradation by addition of a biosurfactant from Bacillus subtilis O9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morán, A C; Olivera, N; Commendatore, M; Esteves, J L; Siñeriz, F

    2000-01-01

    A non-sterile biosurfactant preparation (surfactin) was obtained from a 24-h culture of Bacillus subtilis O9 grown on sucrose and used to study its effect on the biodegradation of hydrocarbon wastes by an indigenous microbial community at the Erlenmeyer-flask scale. Crude biosurfactant was added to the cultures to obtain concentrations above and below the critical micelle concentration (CMC). Lower concentration affected neither biodegradation nor microbial growth. Higher concentration gave higher cell concentrations. Biodegradation of aliphatic hydrocarbons increased from 20.9 to 35.5% and in the case of aromatic hydrocarbons from nil to 41%, compared to the culture without biosurfactant. The enhancement effect of biosurfactant addition was more noticeable in the case of long chain alkanes. Pristane and phytane isoprenoids were degraded to the same extent as n-C17 and n-C18 alkanes and, consequently, no decrease in the ratios n-C17/pri and n-C18/phy was observed. Rapid production of surfactin crude preparation could make it practical for bioremediation of ship bilge wastes.

  7. Giant malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of thigh in an adolescent with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tosun HB

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Haci Bayram Tosun,1 Sancar Serbest,2 Bilge Aydin Turk,3 Seyit Ali Gumustas,1 Abuzer Uludag1 1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, 2Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, 3Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey Abstract: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs are rare sarcomas of children and adolescents, and they are aggressive tumors with a high rate of local recurrence. We present a 15-year-old boy with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, who had a giant MPNST on the right thigh taking into account the available literature. Diagnosis of MPNST may be delayed in NF1 patients due to confusion with a neurofibroma and/or a plexiform neurofibroma. Malignancy should be considered, especially in cases with big masses, with heterogeneous involvement, or in the presence of cysts or necrotic nodules. The aim of surgical treatment is complete surgical excision. Keywords: nerve sheath neoplasm, sarcoma, adolescent, neurofibromatosis, lower extremity

  8. New guidelines for oil spill identification of waterborne petroleum and petroleum products

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faksness, L.G.; Daling, P.S. [SINTEF Energy Research, Trondheim (Norway); Hansen, A.B. [National Environmental Research Inst., Roskilde (Denmark); Kienhuis, P. [RIZA, (Netherlands); Duus, R. [Norwegian Standard Association (Norway)

    2005-07-01

    Advances in interpretive and analytical methods have opened the possibility to improve the existing Nordtest methodology for oil spill identification which was developed in 1991 under the Nordic Council of Ministers. In 2002, the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) established 2 working groups to revise the Nordtest Methodology into the following 2 CEN guidelines: (1) oil spill identification which includes waterborne and petroleum products, and (2) oil spill identification which in addition to including waterborne petroleum and petroleum products, includes analytical methodology and interpretation of results. The revised methodology includes a protocol/decision chart that has 3 tiered levels of analyses and data treatment. The methodology relies on the characterization of diagnostic ratios. The CEN working group intends to use the guidelines as a basis for a national oil spill identification protocol in each European country and for further international use. The methodology can be applied to oil samples of petrogenic origin with boiling points above 200 degrees C, such as crude oils, diesel fuel oils, residual bunker oils, lubricants, and mixtures of oily bilge and sludge samples. It is not intended for automotive gasolines or other light petroleum products. The method has been implemented in most forensic laboratories in Europe and has successfully differentiated between oils from a spill and possible pollution sources. 19 refs., 4 tabs., 10 figs.

  9. Treatment of emulsified oily wastewater by commercial scale electrocoagulation at Vancouver shipyards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephenson, R.J.; Tennant, B.D. [McKay Creek Technologies Ltd., North Vancouver, BC (Canada); Hartle, D.R. [Vancouver Shipping Co. Ltd., BC (Canada); Stuckert, B. [Quantum Environmental Group, Richmond, BC (Canada)

    2002-06-01

    Some of the emulsified oily wastewater generated by the Washington Marine Group fleet and the Vancouver shipyards are from sources such as bilge water, tank wash water from gas freeing operations, ballast water, and wastewater from pressure washing equipment. The Washington Marine Group is the largest shipbuilding, ship maintenance and repair, and marine transportation company in Canada, a group to which McKay Creek Technologies belongs. A investigation was performed in an attempt to find commercially viable means of treating this wastewater. McKay Creek Technologies developed its own cleaning process. Electrocoagulation is a process based on the use of an electrical current in an electrochemical cell to coagulate contaminants in wastewater. With three years of experience gained by treating the wastewater of the Washington Marine Group operations at Vancouver shipyards using this technology, McKay Creek Technologies has found ways to treat emulsified oily wastewater simply and effectively. It has been determined that electrocoagulation is an effective treatment method for emulsified oils, poly-nuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), poorly settling solids, poorly soluble organics, contaminants which add turbidity to water, and negatively charged metal species like arsenic, molybdenum, and phosphate. A brief history of electrocoagulation was provided, and the authors explained the process and how it was applied to the situation at Vancouver shipyards. 2 refs., 5 tabs., 1 fig.

  10. Numerical simulations of viscous flow around the obliquely towed KVLCC2M model in deep and shallow water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆杰; 万德成

    2016-01-01

    By solving the unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations in combination with thek-ω SST turbulence model, the unsteady viscous flow around the obliquely towed tanker KVLCC2M model in both deep and shallow waters is simulated and the hydrodynamic forces, the surface pressure distribution, and the wake field are calculated. The overset grid technology is used to avoid the grid distortion in large drift angle cases. The effects of the free surface are taken into account. At the first stage, the deep water cases with five oblique angles are designed as the benchmark test cases. The predicted wake field, the surface pressure distribution and the hydrodynamic forces acting on the hull agree well with the corresponding experimental data, implying the capability of the present method in the prediction of the viscous flow around the tanker drifting in shallow water. A set of systematic computations with varying water depths and drift angles are then carried out to study the viscous flow around the model drifting in shallow water. The forces and moments, as well as the surface pressure distribution are predicted and analyzed. The most significant changes such as the increased stagnation pressure in the bow, the acceleration of the flow along the ship’s sides and in the gap between ship and seabed, the lower hull pressure and finally, the stronger vortices along the bilges and weaker vortices with larger diameters in the wake are noticed.

  11. Unstable roll motions by parametric resonance in following seas. Keisu reiki shindo ni motozuku oinamichu fuantei yokoyure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishiguro, T.; Ito, A.; Mizoguchi, S. (Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-05-01

    The unstable rolling region and angle in the regular waves were studied by both tank test modeling a large container ship and theoretical calculation based on Mathieu{prime}s equation. Further research was made on the influence of metacentric height (GM) under the calm sea condition, ship speed and bilge keel dimension on the unstable rolling region. To avoid the unstable roll motion in the waves caused by the parametric resonance, the fluctuation in GM is designed to be diminished on the waves by U-shaping the hull fore and aft like a fat large ship hull, or the fluctuation in dynamic stability is done to be diminished by increasing the GM on the calm sea. However, the ship with a U-shaped hull fore and aft is large in rolling angle due to the smallness in righting arm at the large heeling angle. Generally regardless of oceanic condition and ship speed, it is impossible to establish the GM absolutely without the primary and secondary synchronizing points. To avoid the unstable roll motion with a low ship speed, it is desirable to do it by the ship speed to be as high as possible. 11 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Clinical management of a challenging malignancy, osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma: a report of four cases and a review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozger H

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Harzem Ozger,1 Bugra Alpan,1 Mehmet Salih Söylemez,2 Korhan Ozkan,3 Ahmet Salduz,4 Bilge Bilgic,5 Basak Kumbasar Sirin6 1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Maslak Acıbadem Hospital, Istanbul, 2Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Bingöl State Hospital, Bingöl, 3Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Medeniyet University, 4Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 5Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, 6Department of Radiology, Maslak Acıbadem Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey Abstract: Osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma, a rare form of osteosarcoma, is a malignant lesion associated with risks of both local recurrence and distant metastasis. The differential diagnosis of osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma from osteoblastoma and aggressive osteoblastoma remains controversial and challenging. Previous studies suggest that these three types of tumor are distinct entities. However, working out a precise diagnosis may not always be possible immediately on the basis of initial clinical, radiological, and histopathological features. On the other hand, the importance of a correct diagnosis cannot be overemphasized since the treatment strategies change dramatically according to the nature of the lesion. In all of our cases, initial Tru-Cut biopsies revealed osteoblastic features with minimal atypia, but further biopsies confirmed malignancy. A high index of suspicion and considerable experience are prerequisites for accurate diagnosis in case of clinicopathological and radiological discordance. Keywords: osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma, differential diagnosis, biopsy

  13. Kinetic modeling and half life study on bioremediation of crude oil dispersed by Corexit 9500

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zahed, Mohammad Ali [School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia); Aziz, Hamidi Abdul, E-mail: cehamidi@eng.usm.my [School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia); Isa, Mohamed Hasnain [Civil Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia); Mohajeri, Leila; Mohajeri, Soraya [School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia); Kutty, Shamsul Rahman Mohamed [Civil Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia)

    2011-01-30

    Hydrocarbon pollution in marine ecosystems occurs mainly by accidental oil spills, deliberate discharge of ballast waters from oil tankers and bilge waste discharges; causing site pollution and serious adverse effects on aquatic environments as well as human health. A large number of petroleum hydrocarbons are biodegradable, thus bioremediation has become an important method for the restoration of oil polluted areas. In this research, a series of natural attenuation, crude oil (CO) and dispersed crude oil (DCO) bioremediation experiments of artificially crude oil contaminated seawater was carried out. Bacterial consortiums were identified as Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes, Bacillus, Pseudomonas and Vibrio. First order kinetics described the biodegradation of crude oil. Under abiotic conditions, oil removal was 19.9% while a maximum of 31.8% total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) removal was obtained in natural attenuation experiment. All DCO bioreactors demonstrated higher and faster removal than CO bioreactors. Half life times were 28, 32, 38 and 58 days for DCO and 31, 40, 50 and 75 days for CO with oil concentrations of 100, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/L, respectively. The effectiveness of Corexit 9500 dispersant was monitored in the 45 day study; the results indicated that it improved the crude oil biodegradation rate.

  14. “Accelerating Science” exhibition zooms to Turkey

    CERN Multimedia

    Joannah Caborn Wengler

    2012-01-01

    'Accelerating Science', CERN’s travelling science outreach exhibition, has just arrived at the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara, Turkey for a four-month stay there. This is the first time it has moved outside the circle of the Member States. The Turkish venue will inaugurate some new exhibits that have recently been developed by CERN’s software developers.   “It’s been a very busy day,” says Bilge Demirkoz, an associate professor of physics at METU and a member of AMS-02, who had been overseeing the unloading of the lorries when we spoke to her. “As the University doesn’t have a specific exhibition space, the CERN exhibits are going to be housed in the covered tennis courts just behind the cultural and congress centre. It’s a beautiful venue, and there are plenty of parking spaces.” The University has sent invitations to the exhibition to high schools and to about 100 ...

  15. Process simulation and dynamic control for marine oily wastewater treatment using UV irradiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Liang; Chen, Bing; Zhang, Baiyu; Li, Pu

    2015-09-15

    UV irradiation and advanced oxidation processes have been recently regarded as promising solutions in removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from marine oily wastewater. However, such treatment methods are generally not sufficiently understood in terms of reaction mechanisms, process simulation and process control. These deficiencies can drastically hinder their application in shipping and offshore petroleum industries which produce bilge/ballast water and produced water as the main streams of marine oily wastewater. In this study, the factorial design of experiment was carried out to investigate the degradation mechanism of a typical PAH, namely naphthalene, under UV irradiation in seawater. Based on the experimental results, a three-layer feed-forward artificial neural network simulation model was developed to simulate the treatment process and to forecast the removal performance. A simulation-based dynamic mixed integer nonlinear programming (SDMINP) approach was then proposed to intelligently control the treatment process by integrating the developed simulation model, genetic algorithm and multi-stage programming. The applicability and effectiveness of the developed approach were further tested though a case study. The experimental results showed that the influences of fluence rate and temperature on the removal of naphthalene were greater than those of salinity and initial concentration. The developed simulation model could well predict the UV-induced removal process under varying conditions. The case study suggested that the SDMINP approach, with the aid of the multi-stage control strategy, was able to significantly reduce treatment cost when comparing to the traditional single-stage process optimization. The developed approach and its concept/framework have high potential of applicability in other environmental fields where a treatment process is involved and experimentation and modeling are used for process simulation and control.

  16. 基于证据推理的大型海事巡逻救助船船型选择%Ship type selection of large-scale marine patrol and rescue ships based on evidence reasoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高成男; 谢新连; 赵福波; 李猛; 包甜甜

    2014-01-01

    To choose the ship type of large-scale marine patrol and rescue ships scientifically,the evalua-tion index system of ship type selection is established from four aspects of cost,technology,energy con-sumption and appearance. The each index weight in the system is determined by Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP),and the comprehensive evaluation on each ship type is carried out by the evidence rea-soning and IDS software. Taking the ship type selection of a marine patrol and rescue ship with 3 000 t for example,through evaluating such ship types as round-bilge ships,wave piercing catamarans and tri-marans,the feasibility of the method to ship type selection for large-scale marine patrol and rescue ships is verified.%为科学选择大型海事巡逻救助船船型,从成本、技术、能耗、外观等4个方面构建船型选择评价指标体系,运用层次分析法(Analytical Hierarchy Process,AHP)确定各指标权重,并采用证据推理法,借助IDS软件,对各船型进行综合评价。以3000吨级海事巡逻救助船船型选择为例,通过评价圆舭船型、穿浪双体船型和三体船型,验证该方法在大型海事巡逻救助船船型选择上的可行性。

  17. Low perfusion index affects the difference in glucose level between capillary and venous blood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acar N

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Nurdan Acar,1 Hamit Ozcelik,1 Arif Alper Cevik,1 Engin Ozakin,1 Goknur Yorulmaz,2 Nur Kebapci,2 Ugur Bilge,3 Muzaffer Bilgin4 1Emergency Department, 2Endocrinology Department, 3Family Medicine Department, 4Biostatistics Department, Medical School, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey Aim: In emergency cases, finger stick testing is primarily used to check the blood glucose value of patients since it takes longer to obtain the venous value. In critical patients, under conditions that cause an increase in metabolic state and level of stress, there occurs considerable difference in glucose levels between capillary and venous measurements. This study aimed to investigate the comparability of capillary and venous glucose values, according to the perfusion index level obtained with the Masimo Radical-7® device, in critical patients aged 18 years and over.Method: We conducted this prospective and observational study in the emergency department of the Eskisehir Osmangazi University hospital between November 3, 2008 and February 2, 2009.Results: The blood glucose of 300 critical patients was checked by finger stick in the emergency unit. The participants with normal vital signs had perfusion index between 0 and 5; the results obtained by the two methods were more consistent for perfusion index values of 6 and over. The results were most consistent in aged participants with normal vital sign findings and low perfusion index and in young patients with high perfusion index. In the cases where at least one of the vital signs was abnormal, the glucose values obtained by the two methods were more consistent when the perfusion index was 6 or over. In this group, independently from the perfusion index value, the consistency was higher in younger patients compared with aged patients.Conclusion: In the emergency department, perfusion index value measured by Masimo Radical-7 and capillary blood glucose levels can serve in blood sugar management in

  18. Relationship of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom severity with severity of alcohol-related problems in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bozkurt M

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Muge Bozkurt,1 Cuneyt Evren,1 Gokhan Umut,1 Bilge Evren2 1Research, Treatment and Training Center for Alcohol and Substance Dependence, Bakirkoy Prof Dr Mazhar Osman Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery, 2Department of Psychiatry, Baltalimani State Hospital for Muskuloskeletal Disorders, Istanbul, Turkey Purpose: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD has been shown to be related to a higher risk of developing psychiatric problems such as depressive disorders, substance use disorder, and impulsivity. Adults who have comorbid ADHD and alcohol use disorder (AUD are at greater risk of negative outcomes. Thus, it is important to evaluate the relationship of ADHD symptoms and the severity of alcohol-related problems among patients with AUD. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of ADHD symptoms on severity of alcohol-related problems, while controlling the effects of depression and impulsivity in a sample of inpatients with AUD. Patients and methods: Participants (n=190 were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory, the Short Form Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, and the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale. Results: Severity of the scale scores was positively correlated with each other. Although severity of depression and impulsivity (particularly non-planning impulsivity predicted the severity of alcohol-related problems in a linear regression model, when severity of ADHD symptoms was included in the analysis, the inattentive subscale score, in particular, predicted the severity of alcohol-related problems together with non-planning impulsivity, whereas depression was no longer a predictor. Conclusion: These findings suggest that, together with non-planning impulsivity, symptoms of ADHD (particularly inattentive factor are an important factor that predict alcohol-related problems, while controlling the severity of depressive symptoms among inpatients

  19. Legal protection of the marine environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    Due to the increase of oil recovery and its transportation by sea, losses of oil has soared to 5.25 millions of tons annually. According to UNO, each year in the world ocean are disposed 50,000 to DDT, 5000 t mercury, and about 10 million tons of oil. Very important in the development of measures for protection of marine environment is International Maritime Law. At present, there are many international laws regulating the activities of the states in the open sea. Recently accepted agreements have substantially limited the right to pump out the contaminating bilge water as well as to discharge oil and oil-containing mixtures from all types of vessels. The agreement of 1978 to the Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships requires that each new tanker of 70,000 t and more dead weight be equipped with tanks with insulated ballast, and establishes stricter requirements for ship design in order to make them safer. Other conventions broaden the jurisdiction of coastal states in relation to foreign ships that pollute the sea with oil. The effectiveness of prevention of pollution of marine environment is largely depending on the level of development of national legislations. In the USSR, there is a well-defined system of regulations which govern various aspects of state activity for the protection of sea water from pollution. In addition to the establishment of commercial zones and regulations on the utilization of their resources, there is a tendency toward stiffer measures for protection of coastal waters from pollution from ships. Since 1974, criminal responsibility for an encroachment on marine environment is in effect. There are also provisions for liability for violations of the USSR Continental Shelf Law.

  20. IMPACT OF BIOSLUDGE APPLICATION ON HEAVY METALS CONTENT IN SUNFLOWER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Slávik

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The application of decomposed substrate after continual biogas production is one of the possible ways how to use alternative energy sources with following monitoring of its complex influence on the hygienic state of soil with the emphasis on heavy metal input. The substances from bilge and drain sediments from water panels, also biosludge gained by continual co-fermentation of animal excrements belong to these compounds. The biosludge application is connected with possible risk of cadmium and lead, also other risky elements input into the soil. The analyses of applicated sludge prove that the determined heavy metals contents are compared with limitary value. These facts - hygienic state of soil, pH influence this limitary value and biosludge is suitable for soil application. The total heavy metals content in soil is related to the increased cadmium, nickel, chromium and cobalt contents. The analyses of heavy metals contents in sunflower seeds show that the grown yield does not comply with the legislative norms from the stand point of heavy metals content due to high zinc and nickel contents. Copper, cadmium, lead, chromium contents fulfil limitary values, for cobalt content the value is not mentioned in Codex Alimentarius. The nickel value in the control variant seeds is 2.2 times higher than the highest acceptable amount, then in variant where the sludge was applicated the nickel content was increased by 1.6 times. In the case of zinc there was increasing content in individual variants 4.7, or 4.8 times. The direct connection with the higher accumulation of zinc and nickel in soil by the influence of biosludge application is not definitely surveyed, the increased heavy metals contents in sunflower were primarily caused by their increased contents in soils.

  1. Remediation Technologies for Marine Oil Spills: A Critical Review and Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Dave

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Anthropogenic activities pollute the oceans with oil through land run off, vessels accidents, periodic tanker discharges and bilge discharges. Oil spills are environmental disasters that impact human, plants and wild life including birds, fish and mammals. Approach: In this study, the International Guidelines for Preventing Oils Spills and Response to Disasters were reviewed and the characteristics of oil spills were discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of various oil spill response methods were evaluated. A comparative analysis were performed on the currently available remediation technologies using 10 evaluation criteria that included cost, efficiency, time, impact on wild life, reliability, level of difficulty, oil recovery, weather, effect on physical/chemical characteristics of oil and the need for further treatment. The advantages and disadvantages of each response method were used to determine the score assigned to that method. Results: There are many government regualtions for individual countries that serve as prevention mesures for oil spills in the offshore environment. They have to do with the design of equipment and machinery used in the offshore environment and performing the necessary safety inspections. The primary objectives of response to oil spill are: to prevent the spill from moving onto shore, reduce the impact on marine life and speed the degradation of any unrecovered oil. There are several physical, chemical, thermal and biological remediation technologies for oil spills including booms, skimmers, sorbents, dispersants, in-situ burning and bioremediation. Each technique has its advantages and disadvantages and the choice of a particular technique will depend on: type of oil, physical, biological and economical characteristics of the spill, location, weather and sea conditions, amount spilled and rate of spillage, depth of water column, time of the year and effectiveness of technique. Coclusion

  2. Development of waste and effluents management on board in the seismic ship operating in Brazilian seas; Desenvolvimento do programa de gestao de residuos solidos e efluentes a bordo de um navio de sismica operando em aguas brasileiras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abreu, Mauricio Duppre de [Okeanos Consultoria e Meio Ambiente Ltda. (Brazil); Derntl, Jose Renato; Pereira, Edisio; Ribeiro, Camila Castroviejo da Silva [GEOCOOP Cooperativa de Trabalho, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George Andre; Oliveira, Joao Luiz Martinez de [CGG do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Miranda, Cristina Maschio de [Nautilus Cooperativa de Trabalho (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    This work presents the results regarding CGG's Waste and Effluents Management Program between February 2003 and April 2004 on M/V CGG HARMATTAN. It main objective is to trace all waste and effluents since its generation until its final disposal. To implement this program CGG has two environmental technicians on board, whose are responsible for supervising the program, as well as educating, training, and optimizing waste and effluents segregation. Furthermore, the company also employs a consultant team to logistic management on shore; whose are responsible for executing, transferring, transporting and yours final disposing. Results show a monthly generation of 7.428 Kg and 97.3 m3 in average for waste and effluents respectively. Data indicates waste generation peaks during port calls. Waste tracing has improved along the year, allowing better control and resulting in value decreasing for port calls. Effluents are constantly generated in the same amount with monthly average of 50.2 m3 for bilge water, 41 m3 for sewage and 6.1 m3 for sludge. The percentage of non-recyclable waste sent to cleaner technology (co-processing and re-use) has been increasing along the year, replacing industrial landfill and incinerator use. Latest numbers already show the first results concerning it (2.2% re-used and 24,5% co-processed of total produced solid garbage). Re -used numbers are resulted from pioneer partnership between CGG and fishermen communities, for their original activity. The reached results and environmental indicators show that program efficiency has been evolving, considering logistic, economic, social and environmental aspects, constantly optimized with measures to increase control. (author)

  3. 半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄清永

    2014-01-01

    objective to investigate the curative effect of semiconductor laser treatment of varicose veins of lower extremities. Under in the vein compound anesthesia using semiconductor laser treatment of 30 patients with varicose veins of lower limb, fol owed up for 1-17 months to observe the curative effect. Results al patients with varicose veins disappeared after operation and lower limb acid bilges feeling heavy, body pigmentation to reduce to varying degrees, itchy skin, average postoperative hospital stay was 3.3 (1-12) days. Conclusion semiconductor laser treatment of varicose veins of lower extremities has smal trauma, quick recovery, safe, effective, beautiful, shorter hospitalization time, etc.%目的:探讨半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效。在静脉复合麻下采用半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张患者30例,随访1~17个月观察疗效。结果术后全部患者曲张静脉消失,下肢酸胀沉重感觉明显改善,肢体色素沉着不同程度减轻,皮肤瘙痒缓解,术后平均住院时间为3.3(1~12)天。结论半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张具有创伤小、恢复快、安全、有效、美观、住院时间短等特点。

  4. The roll damping assessment via decay model testing (new ideas about an old subject)%自由衰减模型试验的横摇阻尼评估方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Antonio C.FERNANDES; Allan C. OLIVEIRA

    2009-01-01

    The methodology to obtain the non-linear roll damping from decay tests is very old. It has been proposed by Froude in the 19th century and used from then on. Behind it there is a quadratic model for the damping and a subsequent equivalent linearization. Probably all model basin in the world follows this approach to assess the damping from a decay test. This is well documented and so is the methods to get the P1-P2 coefficients. This is very general in the sense that in principle, it could be applied to any kind of hull. However, it has become clear that for hull with a flat bottom such as a very large crude carrier (VLCC), this approach may lead to confusing results such as negative p2. Faced with this, the work presents a completely new idea. Avoiding the polynomial approximation, the basic attitude is to devise two regions from the decaying test response. The first, called the large amplitude response region yields a larger damping, probably due to the large bilge keel vortices that are attracted to the hull flat bottom. The second is the small amplitude response region where the vortices are not attracted to the bottom but travels approximately 45° sidewise. These observations has led to a new approach called the bi-linear approach as discussed in the work after analyzing several (many) model test results. In fact, a new modified bi-linear approach is ultimately proposed after the understanding of a transition region instead of a transition angle.

  5. Accident Process and Consequence Research for LOCA Combining with Blackout Accident of Ship Reactor%船用堆破口叠加全船断电事故进程及后果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆; 陈航; 张彦招; 晏峰

    2015-01-01

    Using MELCOR code ,the combination of LOCA and blackout accident of ship reactor was modeled and calculated , and the accident process and source term release were researched . The results show that the accident leads to lower head of pressure vessel and bilge creep‐rupture finally without emergency power .The release fraction of inert gases and iodine are above 80% ,the main form of iodine is CsI with great deposit and less airborne fraction .The accident process is decided by the equiva‐lent diameter of break size .The production of H2 is decided by core temperature and water remaining in the core ,but has nothing to do with equivalent diameter of break size .T he probability of H2 detonation is unlikely to occur .T he results can provide tech‐nical support for emergency maintenance and emergency decision‐making .%采用M ELCOR程序,对船用堆破口叠加全船断电事故进行建模计算,并对事故进程和源项释放进行了研究。计算结果表明:若应急电源无法投入,最终将导致压力容器下封头失效和舱底失效;所研究事故的惰性气体、碘释放量均在80%以上,且释放的I主要以CsI形式存在,滞留量大,气载量小。事故进展快慢取决于破口当量尺寸,但氢气的产量与堆芯温度、堆芯残余水量相关,与破口当量尺寸无直接关系,堆舱内发生氢爆可能性不大。本文计算结果可为应急抢修和应急决策提供技术支持。

  6. Source identification of hydrocarbon contaminants and their transportation over the Zonguldak shelf, Turkish Black Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unlu, S.; Alpar, B.

    2009-04-01

    Under great anthropogenic pressure due to the substantial freshwater input from the surrounding industrial and agricultural areas, especially central and middle-Eastern Europe, the Black Sea basin is ranked among the most ecologically threatened water bodies of the world. Oil levels are unacceptable in many coastal areas perilously close to polluted harbors and many river mouths; the places presenting the highest levels of bio-diversity and having a high socio-economic importance due to human use of coastal resources. There are about sixty sources of pollution which resulted in "hot spots" having disastrous impacts on sensitive marine and coastal areas and needing immediate priorities for action. Beyond such land-based sources, trans-boundary pollution sources from Black Sea riparian countries, heavy maritime traffic, particularly involving petroleum transports and fishing boats, and the improper disposal of ballast and bilge waters and solid waste are also important marine sources of pollution. Found in fossil fuels such as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons are generated by incomplete combustion of organic matter. In order to estimate their distribution in sediment and their sources, they were monitored from the bottom samples offshore the Zonguldak industry region, one of the most polluted spots in the Turkish Black Sea. There the budget of pollutants via rivers is not precisely known due to an evident lack of data on chemical and granulometric composition of the river runoff and their fluxes. Therefore the marine sediments, essential components of marine ecosystems, are very important in our estimating the degree of the damage given to the ecosystem by such inputs. Realization of the sources and transport of these contaminants will be a critical tool for future management of the Zonguldak industry region and its watershed. The sea bottom in study area is composed of mainly sand and silt mixtures with small amount of clay. Geochemical analyses have shown that oil

  7. 肠道益生菌联合曲美布汀治疗糖尿病胃肠神经功能紊乱疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史胜奇; 黄艳妮

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察肠道益生菌对糖尿病胃肠神经功能紊乱的临床疗效。方法:糖尿病胃肠神经功能紊乱者96例分为治疗组和对照组,分别给予口服叶酸片、维生素B12片、肠道益生菌1g/次3次/日、曲美布汀片0.1g/次3次/日(治疗组),口服叶酸片、维生素B12片(对照组),同时给予控制血糖。结果:肠道益生菌治疗糖尿病胃肠神经功能紊乱疗效差异显著。肠道益生菌联合曲美布汀片能明显改善症状,对胃肠道有效率,饱胀为75%、恶心、呕吐为80%、便秘为100%、顽固性呃逆为66.7%、腹胀便秘交替为88.89%。对照组症状改善效果明显较治疗组差。结论:肠道益生菌联合曲美布汀能明显改善糖尿病胃肠神经功能紊乱。%Objective To observe the intestinal probiotics in clinical curative effect of diabetes gastrointestinal nerve dysfunction. Method 96 cases with diabetes gastrointestinal neurologic disorders were divided into treatment group and control group, were given oral folic acid, vitamin B12, intestinal probiotics 1 g/three times/day, trimebutine piece of 0.1 g/three times/day (treatment group), oral folic acid and vitamin B12 pills (control group), at the same time to control blood sugar.Results The intestinal probiotics have significant curative effect on diabetes gastrointestinal nerve dysfunction. Joint trimebutine intestinal probiotics can significantly improve symptoms, for efficient, gastrointestinal tract full bilge is 75% 80%, nausea, vomiting, constipation is 100%, intractable hiccups alternating (66.7%), abdominal distension constipation was 88.89%. The control group symptoms improved effect is obvious difference in the treatment group. Conclusion The intestinal probiotics joint trimebutine can obviously improve diabetes gastrointestinal nerve dysfunction.

  8. Intracavity Laser Surgery Combined together Lauromacrogol Treatment of Lower Extremity Varicose Veins%腔内激光术联合聚桂醇治疗下肢静脉曲张的体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳群; 葛玮; 裴锐峰; 丁轶人

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the intracavity laser combined together lauromacrogol curative effect for the treatment of lower extremity varicose veins.Method Selection from May 2013 to December 2013 were 33 patients with lower extremity varicose veins (article 49 limb), application of laser cavity closure great saphenous vein trunk, lauromacrogol embolization crus superifcial veins blood vessels, observe its curative effect.Result Limb acid bilges feeling disappear or reduce obviously, shallow varicose veins disappeared, no skin burns, saphenous nerve injury, no deep vein thrombosis. 4 cases were followed up for 5-12 months (8.16%) in local recurrence of varicose veins; leg to outpatient disappears after injection of a small amount of lauromacrogol.Conclusion Intracavity laser combined together lauromacrogol treatment of varicose veins of lower extremities minimally invasive, safe, effective, complementary advantages.%目的:探讨腔内激光联合聚桂醇治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效。方法选择2013年5月至2013年12月收治的下肢静脉曲张患者33例(49条患肢),应用腔内激光闭合大隐静脉主干,聚桂醇栓塞小腿浅表曲张血管,观察其疗效。结果患肢酸胀感消失或明显减轻,浅静脉曲张消失,无皮肤灼伤,无隐神经损伤,无深静脉血栓形成。随访5~12个月4例(8.16%)出现小腿局部静脉曲张复发,予门诊注射少量聚桂醇后消失。结论腔内激光联合聚桂醇治疗下肢静脉曲张微创、安全、有效,优势互补。

  9. Orhun Yazıtlarında Anlama ve Anlatma Becerileri Comprehensive And Narrative Skills In Orkhon Inscriptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekerya BATUR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Orkhon Inscriptions are the oldest known written sources ofTurkic writing and they are bengi-stones which give information onTurkish culture, history and way of life. They were written in oratoricalstyle. They consist of information given by Bilge Khagan, Kul Tigin andVizier Tonyukuk on wars fought by the Turks against other tribes andclans; their advices and warnings relating to the survival of Turkishpeoples. They enable us to reach information about Turkish militarytradition, Turks’ perception of sovereignty, state organization, Turkishhistory, culture and customs. These inscriptions, which dated backthirteen centuries, are basis of modern Turkish in terms of sentencestructure, usage of verbs and words. There have been various studieson language characteristics of Orkhon Inscriptions, but no studies weremade directly on language education and training. In this study, theseinscriptions are analyzed in terms of four basic language skills;comprehension and narrative skills. Concepts of reading and listeningskills (comprehension skills and concepts of talking and writing skills(narrative skills are identified and examined. This study is a descriptivestudy and survey model is used. During the survey, term/word-wordgroups, which belong to comprehension and narrative skills, areidentified from the inscriptions. These term/word-word groups areclassified according to sub-categories as reading, listening, talking,writing and are subjected to content analysis. In light of these data,application of comprehension and narrative skills in OrkhonInscriptions are established. Türk dilinin bilinen en eski yazılı kaynaklarından biri olan Orhun Yazıtları, Türk kültürü, tarihi, yaşantısı hakkında bilgi veren bengü taşlardır. Bilge Kağan, Költigin ve Vezir Tonyukuk ağzından Türk milletinin o dönemde öteki millet ve kavimlerle yaptıkları savaşların, mücadelelerin anlatıldığı, Türk milletinin bekası için birtakım uyarılar i

  10. 视疲劳患者症状调查及证型分布分析%Analysis of Visual Fatigue in Patients with Symptoms and Syndrome Type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾洁萍; 王满华; 黄映红; 颜家渝

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the law of TCM syndrome dif erentiation of asthenopia and its related factors in modern life through surveys of symptoms and signs of asthenopia . Methods We designed clinical questionnaires to col ect the general information and four diagnostic methods information, and gave them some related examinations such as visual acuity, optometry, intraocular pressure measurment, recessive strabismus measurement, convergence, corneal epithelium fluorescein staining and etc. We put the data of quantified TCM symptom-sign (including the symptoms of tongue and pulse) into computer to establish the database. SPSS17.0 statistics software was adopted to analyse thefrequencies of syndromesand TCM syndromes . Results ①The most common symptoms in descending order were dry eyes, eye fatigue, orbit acid bilges, eye pain, hypopsia, blur ed vision, sourness of eye, neck shoulder ache, lassitude (frequency>50%). ②The cumulative frequence of TCM syndromes including yin deficiency of liver and kidney, liver-kidney yin deficiency with qi stagnation, liver-kidney yin deficiency with dampness.was 81.08%. The frequence of syndrome of yin deficiency of liver and kidney was 43.24%. Conclusion ①Local eye symptoms were the main manifestations of asthenopia, accompanied with whole body symptomsand cor elated with psychogenic factors.②TCM syndrome types of asthenopia were categorized .③which were liver-kidney yin deficiency, liver-kidney yin deficiency with qi stagnation, and liver-kidney yin deficiency with dampness. Among them, liver-kidney yin deficiency was the most common type, some syndrome types were compounded with each other.%目的:通过对视疲劳患者的调查,探讨视疲劳患者的症状发生频率及证型分布。方法设计视疲劳调查表,采集视疲劳患者一般资料及中医四诊信息,进行视力、验光、隐斜、眼压、角膜上皮荧光素染色等检查,将患者各症状、体征、舌脉录入计算机

  11. Numerical Study on Hydrodynamics of Ships in Oblique Motion with Multi-Degree of Freedom%船舶多自由度斜航运动水动力数值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王化明; 吕俊; 陈林; 吴宝山; 赵春慧

    2016-01-01

    can enable the identification of the sinkage-, trim-and heel-induced effects. The detailed flow field characteristics including the forebody vortex, bilge vortex, pressure distribution on the hull surface are obtained, which are helpful to understand the mechanism causing the change of running attitude in ship’s oblique motion.

  12. Substance Of Library: Knowledge In Prehistory Kütüphanenin Tözü: Tarih Öncesi Dönemde Bilgi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan S. Keseroğlu

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is based on seeking an answer to the question what the primal substance of the libray, its arch is. While considering the prehistoric situation of "knowledge" emerging as an answer to that uestion and the production of knowledge and its transfer to next generations by primitive (legend based groups in prehistoric times, the hypothesis of the work is that knowledge existed in prehistoric times and its prior and main owners and controllers were magicians. Scientifc development covers the phases of magic, religion and mind. Dring prehistoric times of magic there was no writing but knowledge rejlecting characteristics of scientifc disciplines of novvadays and especially important developments in the feld of classifcation are to be observed. Besides, in prehistoric times the meaning of magic covers the concept of knowledge and the meaning of magician covers the concept of the one who knows, who is wise. The other way, it would be impossible to explain the rush production tablets with the invention of writing. Bu çalışmanın amacı, kütüphanenin kendisinde olan, değişmeden günümüze gelen ilk temel maddesi; archesi (tözü nedir? sorusuna karşılık arama üstüne kuruludur. Soruya karşılık olarak belirlenen 'bilgi 'nin tarih öncesi dönemdeki durumu; yazı/tarih öncesi dönemlerde ilkel/yaban (efsane temelli toplulukların bilgiyi üretip, sonraki kuşaklara aktarması ele alınırken; çalışmanın varsayımı, kütüphane/y azı/tarih öncesinde bilgi vardı ve bilginin öncelikli ve ağırlıklı sahipleri ve denetleyicileri büyücülerdi, biçiminde belirlenmiştir. Bilimsel gelişme büyü, din, akıl aşamalarını içerir. Büyü döneminde yazı yoktur ama, günümüz bilimsel disiplinlerin özelliklerini yansıtacak nitelikte bilgi, özellikle de sınıflama konusunda önemli gelişmeler vardır. Ayrıca tarih öncesi dönemde, büyü kavram olarak bilgiyi, büyücü bilgili olan / bilge olanı i

  13. 湿润烧伤膏联合阴道抑菌吸附器对宫颈Leep刀锥切术后创面愈合的影响%Effect of MEBO Combined with Vaginal Bacteriostatic Adsorber on Wound Healing after Cervi-cal Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建平; 李娟

    2014-01-01

    【目的】探讨宫颈病变行 Leep刀锥切术后采用云南白药+湿润烧伤膏+阴道吸附器促进创面愈合的临床疗效。【方法】回顾性分析2012年8月至2014年3月在吐鲁番地区中心医院妇科确诊为宫颈上皮内瘤变(CIN)行 Leep刀锥切术的120例患者临床资料。其中60例术后采用云南白药+湿润烧伤膏+阴道抑菌吸附器治疗(观察组),并与另60例术后只采用纱布压迫创面治疗者(对照组)的临床疗效进行比较。【结果】观察组术后阴道排液时间、脱痂出血时间、腰腹酸胀时间均短于对照组,而早期(<4周)创面愈合率高于对照组;创面感染、颈管粘连发生率低于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。【结论】宫颈 Leep刀术后采用云南白药+湿润烧伤膏+阴道抑菌吸附器可明显减轻患者的术后并发症,术后患者恢复更快,具有重要的临床应用价值。%[Objective]To explore clinical efficacy of Yunnanbaiyao powder plus MEBO combined with va-ginal adsorber for promoting wound healing after cervical loop electrosurgical excision procedure (Leep ).[Methods]Clinical data of 120 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN)undergoing Leep in central hospital of the Turfan Basin from Aug.2012 to March 2014 were analyzed retrospectively.Among them,60 patients were given Yunnanbaiyao powder,MEBO and vaginal bacteriostatic adsorber(observation group),and other 60 patients were only given gauze oppression wound treatment(control group).Clinical efficacy between two groups was compared.[Results]The time of postoperative vaginal drainage,scab bleeding and acid bilges of waist in observation group were shorter than those in control group,but wound healing rate at early stage (less than 4 weeks)in observation group was higher than that in control group.The incidence of wound infec-tion and uterine neck adhesions in observational group was lower than

  14. 腹式筋膜内子宫切除术与传统全子宫切除术200例临床比较%Clinical comparison of abdominal intrafascial hysterectomy and traditional hysterectomy in 200 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳雪莲; 陈玉姣; 李艳华

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the clinical effect of abdominal intrafascial hysterectomy traditional hysterectomy.Methods:200 patients with hysterectomy were selected from 2008 to 2013.100 cases were given abdominal intrafascial hysterectomy,and 100 cases were given traditional hysterectomy.We compared two groups of operative effect.Results:In 100 cases with abdominal intrafascial hysterectomy,there were no serious complications in operaion;operation steps were simplified;the operation time was short;the amount of bleeding was less;after surgery,vaginal hemorrhage,stump polyps,defecation discomfort was not obvious,and sexual life condition was not obvious change.After operation,the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months,there was no significant effect on daily physical activity,life of husband and wife and somatosensory.In 100 cases with traditional hysterectomy, 2 cases had bladder injury;1 case had ureteral injury;after operation,patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months,2 cases had vaginal stump polyps;heavy physical activity was obviously limited,due to the lack of the pelvic floor support,heavy psychological burden,complicated with different degrees of anal bulge and the lower abdomen to drop bilge feeling,bowel dysfunction,and the sexual satisfaction was significantly decreased.Conclusion:Abdominal intrafascial hysterectomy is a new generation of modified operation.The operation can not only simplify the operation steps,but also retain most of pelvic nerve and blood vessel.It can not only treat the diseases,but also does not affect the life quality of the patients.It is a worthy of popularizing operation way.%目的:探讨腹式筋膜内子宫切除术与传统全子宫切除术的临床比较。方法:2008-2013年收治行子宫切除术患者200例,其中筋膜内子宫切除术100例,传统腹式全子宫切除术100例,比较两组的手术效果。结果:筋膜内子宫切除术患者100例,术中均无严重并发症发生,加之手

  15. Cengiz Han’ın Devletinde Türk Kültürünün Etkisi ve Katkısı Effect and Contribution of Genghis Khan’s State on Turkish Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İbrahim ONAY

    2012-12-01

    , Genghis Khan was born with a blood clot held by Genghis Khan during his birth.The Mongols took most facts on state management and organization from Turkish culture. Origin of the customs known as Genghis Khan’s laws is also Turkish origin. Also it is asserted by scientists that the concepts related to state management such as law, custom, nation, flag, etc. are transmitted from Turkish language to Mongol language. It is not a fortuity that Genghis Khan chosen Otuken, capital city of the Huns, Gokturks and Uyghurs, that is, holy land of the Turks as a state center. Genghis Khan adopted the advice “The Otuken forests is a place to be adopted as a motherland” bequeathed by Bilge Kahn to Turkish in the Orhon inscriptions. He desired to make advantage of protection and observation power of Otuken as well as political and geopolitical reasons. Dünya tarihi bakımından en dikkat çeken fetih hareketlerinden biri Moğol Hakanı Cengiz Han’ın 13. Yüzyılda gerçekleştirdikleri olmuştur. Çünkü Cengiz Han’ın kurduğu devlet çok kısa bir sürede dünyanın gördüğü en büyük kara sınırına sahip devlet haline gelmişti. Bu yönüyle Cengiz Han tarihin en çok ilgi çeken şahsiyetlerinden biri olmuştur. Cengiz Han Devleti tarihini araştıran her Türk tarihçisi orada Türk kültürüne ait unsurların varlığını kolaylıkla fark edebilir. Bizim bu çalışmayı yapma nedenimiz Moğolların Gizli Tarihi adlı eser olmuştur. Eserin Uygur alfabesiyle yazıldığı düşünülen aslı tam metin halinde bulunamamış ve Çin işaretleriyle yazıldığı anlaşılan Moğolca, “Manghol-un Niuça Tobça’an” 1946 yılında Ahmet Temir tarafından Türkçe’ye çevrilmiştir. Bu eserin yazarı bilinmemekle beraber içindeki ifadelerden 1240 yılında yazıldığı anlaşılmaktadır. “Moğolların Gizli Tarihi”, Moğollar hakkında yazılan pek çok eserin ana kaynağı hükmündedir. Bu eser Cengiz Han’ın kendi soyunu, hayat hikayesini, dini

  16. 4C特色居家护理在产科的应用效果%Study of 4C characteristic home care on obstetric department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱霞; 刘晓; 朱珠; 单春剑; 夏家爱

    2015-01-01

    Objective To construct and evaluate the effects of 4C characteristic home health care services model on the health of puerperas and fetuses.Methods A total of 162 puerperas and neonates were recruited,assigned by random nember table to routine community care condition and 4C characteristic home health care condition matched on the type and degree of health condition as well as the puerperas' culture background.The health condition of puerperas and neonates were investigated and compared between the two groups 42 days after delivery.Results The incidence of breast bilges,cracked nipple,re-visit the doctor,re-admission,anxiety and depression were significantly lower in the home health care group than routine community care group [3.7% (3/81) vs.23.5% (19/81),2.4% (2/81) vs.17.3% (14/81),2.5% (2/81) vs.16.0% (13/81),1.2% (1/81) vs.16.0% (13/81),(37.35±10.72) scores vs.(41.73±10.55) scores,(39.53±13.19) scores vs.(43.94±13.44) scores,x2=21.753,18.378,8.890,11.259,t=2.621,2.108,P < 0.05 or 0.01].The success breastfeeding rates,correct rate of related knowledge and master degree of newborn,self-nursing newborn skills and puerperas and relatives' satisfaction scores were significantly higher in the home health care group than routine community care group [71.6% (58/81) vs.37.0% (30/81),95.1% (77/81) vs.59.3% (48/81),91.4% (74/81) vs.53.1% (43/81),(92.31±3.61) scores vs.(89.83±5.43) scores,x2=21.202,29.506,29.569,t=3.423,P< 0.01].In additon,the rate of re-visit the doctor,re-admission and omphalitis were significantly lower in home health care group than the routine community care group [2.5% (2/81) vs.13.6% (11/81),6.2% (5/81) vs.23.5% (19/81),4.9% (4/81) vs.22.2% (18/81),x2=6.774,9.172,9.288,P<0.01 or 0.05].Conclusions 4C characteristic home health care reduced the probability of breast problems and unhealthy emotions for the puerperas,reducing the severity of jaundice as well as omphalitis for fetuses,reducing the

  17. 致渔民眼部灼伤的船舱内硫化氢污染调查%Investigation of the H2S contamination in cabin causing fishermen's eye burns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱定国; 王建跃; 汪云明; 马寅祥; 黄玉庚; 周常波; 唐志波

    2010-01-01

    fishermen's moderate eye burns happened. In other 7 vessels,the concentration of H2S in the cabins was (54 ±7) mg/m3 where 19 fishermen's light eye burns happened. The difference of H2 S concentration between the two groups was significant (t = 14. 236, P < 0. 05). Conclusion High H2S concentration and long exposure time in cabin can cause serious eye burns. The bilge air ventilation and inner cabin spraying are the effective method to clear the H2S in cabin within short time.%目的 调查渔民发生眼部灼伤的船舱中硫化氢(H2S)的污染情况.方法 共监测56艘渔船舱内H2S浓度,56名渔民接受眼部检查.其中,对21艘既发生渔民眼灼伤又符合监测条件的渔船进行舱内空气采样,以确定H2S灼伤眼部及全身中毒的末期浓度;并对舱内H2S浓度、舱内作业时间与眼灼伤程度之间关系进行分析;将30艘未卸鱼货渔船分为2组,分别应用鼓风、喷洒法和自然敞开法消散H2S,以确定消散H2S的有效方法.选定只有眼部球结膜轻度充血或轻微咳嗽的渔民所在5艘渔船进行单次监测,确定H2S灼伤眼、呼吸道黏膜的阈浓度.结果 56名接受眼部检查的渔民中,有46例(92只眼)发生眼灼伤,其中中度灼伤10例(20只眼)、轻度36例(72只眼),来自21艘船.21艘引起渔民眼灼伤渔船舱内H2S浓度为(99±38)mg/m3.30艘未卸货渔船舱内首次监测H2S浓度为(219±31)mg/m3;鼓喷组H2S浓度为(213±24)mg/m3,自然敞开组H2S浓度为(225±36)mg/m3;消散1.0 h后鼓喷组H2S浓度为(21±3)mg/m3,衰减(192±21)mg/m3,衰减率为90%;自然敞开组H2S浓度为(184±36)mg/m3,衰减(41±8)mg/m3,衰减率为18%;两组衰减浓度比较差异有统计学意义(t=25.627,P<0.05).渔船舱内引起渔民眼灼伤的阈浓度为38 mg/m3.暴露时间120 min,10例眼部中度灼伤渔民所在7艘渔船舱内H2S浓度为(123±9)mg/m3;19例轻度眼灼伤渔民所在7艘渔船舱内H2S浓度为(54±7)mg/m3,两组H2S浓度比

  18. 脱细胞真皮基质对骨质疏松大鼠骨缺损愈合影响%Effect of acellular dermal matrix on osteoporosis rats bone defect healing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓晗; 赵志国; 王智明; 王文茉; 张力平

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the characteristics and capabilities of acellular dermal matrix( ADM) in osteoporosis rats cranial parietal bone defect repair guided bone regeneration( GBR) ,to explore the biocompatibility and effects on bone re-generation. Methods A total of 26 SD female rats were randomly divided into the control group(Sham group:n=13)and the ovariectomized group(VOX group:n=13). Conventional breeding for 3 months after the surgery,after the success of the building,in skull of rats,there were 2 defective holes with 5 mm preparation on both sides of central line,one side was cov-ered with ADM,the other side was control blank( CK) . In Sham group,the CK side was Group A,the ADM cover side was Group B. In the CK side in OVX group was Group C,the ADM cover side was Group D. In 6 and 12 weeks postoperatively, the clinical features such as the bone defect healing,bone tissue HE and masson trichromatic dyeing,new bone lengths were compared,the mineralization rate,immunohistochemical method was to detect callus osteocalcin expression in different peri-ods. Results Among the gross observation experimental animals,there were 2 deaths caused by bowel bilges gas in. Other animals healed within a week without infection and wound dehiscence,visible sutures were not fallen off. 6 weeks after sur-gery,the blank defects naked eye obvious difference between the two groups,the defect area was covered with transparency, defect edge was clear. ADM cover side was with visible white ADM,defect edge was clear. After 12 weeks,there was no na-ked eye obvious difference between two groups of blank defect,the defect area was covered with transparency,defect edge was clear. ADM cover side with visible white ADM film was thinner,harder to hit,defect edge was obtuse. The tissue mor-phology observation 6 weeks when two groups of new bone gap defect was not obvious,the broken end by fibrous tissue pack-age. Sham group of bone defect end osteogenesis was dense, ADM retained membrane