WorldWideScience

Sample records for bilges

  1. 46 CFR 169.652 - Bilge piping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... collision bulkhead may be serviced by a sluice valve or portable bilge pump if the arrangement of the vessel... area not less than three times the area of the bilge pipe. (d) Each individual bilge suction line...

  2. 46 CFR 111.01-5 - Protection from bilge water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection from bilge water. 111.01-5 Section 111.01-5...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS General § 111.01-5 Protection from bilge water. Each of the following in or around the bilge area must be arranged or constructed so that it cannot be damaged by bilge water:...

  3. 46 CFR 153.334 - Bilge pumping systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumping systems. 153.334 Section 153.334 Shipping... § 153.334 Bilge pumping systems. (a) A cargo pumproom must have a bilge pumping system. (b) The bilge pumping system must have: (1) Complete remote operating controls outside the cargo pumproom; and (2)...

  4. 46 CFR 119.520 - Bilge pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumps. 119.520 Section 119.520 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS MACHINERY INSTALLATION Bilge...

  5. 46 CFR 153.209 - Bilge pumping systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge pumping systems. 153.209 Section 153.209 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING... Requirements § 153.209 Bilge pumping systems. Bilge pumping systems for cargo pumprooms, slop tanks, and...

  6. 33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel may discharge an oily mixture from a machinery space bilge that is combined with an oil cargo residue if the vessel discharges in compliance...

  7. 46 CFR 119.510 - Bilge piping system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bilge piping system. 119.510 Section 119.510 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS MACHINERY INSTALLATION Bilge...

  8. 46 CFR 56.50-50 - Bilge and ballast piping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... drainage of small pockets or spaces in which case 11/2-inch diameter may be used. For vessels less than 150... commercial size not more than one-fourth inch under the required diameter may be used. Bilge suction pipes...=Length of compartment, in feet. d=Required internal diameter of suction pipe, in inches. Note 1. For...

  9. 46 CFR 162.050-35 - Bilge alarm: Approval tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... concentration of iron oxide. Any change in the bilge alarm reading during the 5 minutes is recorded. (3) Repeat steps in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section using iron oxide concentrations of 50 ppm and 100 ppm... performed using test fluids described in § 162.050-20. (3) The oil content of each sample must be...

  10. Numerical Research of the Viscous Effect of the Bilge Keel on the Damping Moment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deng Rui

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Bilge keels are effective passive devices in mitigating the rolling motion, and the usage of them covers almost all the sea going vessels. This paper focuses on the viscous effect of the bilge keel, ignored the effect of the free surface and the effect of the ship hull, for the general viscous characteristic of the bilge keel. In order to investigate the viscous effect of the bilge keel on the total damping moment, a special 2 dimensional numerical model, which includes a submerged cylinder with and without bilge keels, is designed for the simulation of forced rolling. Three important factors such as bilge keels width, rolling periods, as well as maximal rolling angles are taken into account, and the viscous flow field around the cylinder is simulated by some codes based on the viscous method in different conditions, in which the three factors are coupled. Verification and validation based on the ITTC method are performed for the cylinder without bilge keels in the conditions of different rolling periods and maximal rolling angles. The primary calculation of damping moment induced by the cylinder with 0mm, 4mm, and 10mm width bilge keels shows some interesting results, and a systematic analysis is conducted. The analysis of the damping moment components suggests there is phase difference between the damping moment induced by the cylinder and the bilge keels, and when the bilge keels width reaches a special size, the total damping moment is mitigated. The calculation of the damping moments induced by the cylinder with some larger bilge keels are also performed, and the results suggest that, the damping moment induced by the bilge keels is increased rapidly and becomes the dominant part in the total damping moment while the width of the bilge keels are increased, but the damping moment induced by the cylinder is not changed significantly. Some illustration of the vortices formation and shedding is included, which is the mechanism of the damping

  11. 33 CFR 155.350 - Oily mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on oceangoing ships of less...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on oceangoing ships of less than 400 gross... mixtures from bilges or fuel oil tank ballast and discharges into the sea according to § 151.10 of this... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Oily mixture (bilge...

  12. STS-44 MS Voss 'Bilge Man' under OV-104's middeck subfloor repairs separator

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Mission Specialist (MS) James S. Voss works under the middeck subfloor of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, to repair humidity separator leakage problems. Voss is surrounded by several water tanks and a maze of shuttle wiring and plumbing. Voss earned the nickname of 'Bilge Man' because of his time spent on the lower deck tending to the leakage problem. This is the first photo released of a crewmember in this area of the shuttle.

  13. Simultaneous removal of oil and grease, and heavy metals from artificial bilge water using electro-coagulation/flotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rincón, Guillermo J; La Motta, Enrique J

    2014-11-01

    US and international regulations pertaining to the control of bilge water discharges from ships have concentrated their attention to the levels of oil and grease rather than to the heavy metal concentrations. The consensus is that any discharge of bilge water (and oily water emulsion within 12 nautical miles from the nearest land cannot exceed 15 parts per million (ppm). Since there is no specific regulation for metal pollutants under the bilge water section, reference standards regulating heavy metal concentrations are taken from the ambient water quality criteria to protect aquatic life. The research herein presented discusses electro-coagulation (EC) as a method to treat bilge water, with a focus on oily emulsions and heavy metals (copper, nickel and zinc) removal efficiency. Experiments were run using a continuous flow reactor, manufactured by Ecolotron, Inc., and a synthetic emulsion as artificial bilge water. The synthetic emulsion contained 5000 mg/L of oil and grease, 5 mg/L of copper, 1.5 mg/L of nickel, and 2.5 mg/l of zinc. The experimental results demonstrate that EC is very efficient in removing oil and grease. For oil and grease removal, the best treatment and cost efficiency was obtained when using a combination of carbon steel and aluminum electrodes, at a detention time less than one minute, a flow rate of 1 L/min and 0.6 A/cm(2) of current density. The final effluent oil and grease concentration, before filtration, was always less than 10 mg/L. For heavy metal removal, the combination of aluminum and carbon steel electrodes, flow rate of 1 L/min, effluent recycling, and 7.5 amps produced 99% zinc removal efficiency. Copper and nickel are harder to remove, and a removal efficiency of 70% was achieved.

  14. Electrocoagulation and nanofiltration integrated process application in purification of bilge water using response surface methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akarsu, Ceyhun; Ozay, Yasin; Dizge, Nadir; Elif Gulsen, H; Ates, Hasan; Gozmen, Belgin; Turabik, Meral

    2016-01-01

    Marine pollution has been considered an increasing problem because of the increase in sea transportation day by day. Therefore, a large volume of bilge water which contains petroleum, oil and hydrocarbons in high concentrations is generated from all types of ships. In this study, treatment of bilge water by electrocoagulation/electroflotation and nanofiltration integrated process is investigated as a function of voltage, time, and initial pH with aluminum electrode as both anode and cathode. Moreover, a commercial NF270 flat-sheet membrane was also used for further purification. Box-Behnken design combined with response surface methodology was used to study the response pattern and determine the optimum conditions for maximum chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and minimum metal ion contents of bilge water. Three independent variables, namely voltage (5-15 V), initial pH (4.5-8.0) and time (30-90 min) were transformed to coded values. The COD removal percent, UV absorbance at 254 nm, pH value (after treatment), and concentration of metal ions (Ti, As, Cu, Cr, Zn, Sr, Mo) were obtained as responses. Analysis of variance results showed that all the models were significant except for Zn (P > 0.05), because the calculated F values for these models were less than the critical F value for the considered probability (P = 0.05). The obtained R(2) and Radj(2) values signified the correlation between the experimental data and predicted responses: except for the model of Zn concentration after treatment, the high R(2) values showed the goodness of fit of the model. While the increase in the applied voltage showed negative effects, the increases in time and pH showed a positive effect on COD removal efficiency; also the most effective linear term was found as time. A positive sign of the interactive coefficients of the voltage-time and pH-time systems indicated synergistic effect on COD removal efficiency, whereas interaction between voltage and pH showed an antagonistic

  15. 33 CFR 155.370 - Oily mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on oceangoing ships of 10,000...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ships of 400 gross tons and above that carry ballast water in their fuel oil tanks. 155.370 Section 155... mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on oceangoing ships of 10,000 gross tons and above and oceangoing ships of 400 gross tons and above that carry ballast water in their fuel oil...

  16. 33 CFR 155.330 - Oily mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on U.S. non-oceangoing ships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on U.S. non-oceangoing ships. (a) No person may operate a U.S... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Oily mixture (bilge slops)/fuel oil tank ballast water discharges on U.S. non-oceangoing ships. 155.330 Section 155.330 Navigation...

  17. ULTRA-SEP Bilge Water Separators Certification for treating emulsions with type approval from ABS to IMO MEPC.107(49)%科芬(Coffin)水处理系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Designed and manufactured by Coffin World Water Systems (CWWS) for treating free and emulsified oils, ULTRA-SEP Bilge Water Separators are now certified in accordance with European Union Marine Equipment Directive (MED) 96/98/EC (as amended by 2002/75/EC) for compliance with IMO resolution MEPC. 107(49),

  18. GC-MS在船舶舱底水污染源鉴别中的应用%Application of GC-MS to Source Identification of Ship Bilge Water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章烈琪; 史德宝; 庄学强; 尹自斌

    2015-01-01

    为了给船舶舱底水溢油鉴别提供一种实用有效的分析手段,在3个船舶舱底水中分别取可疑溢油油样US、1S、2S,采用气相色谱质谱法(GC-MS)对3个可疑油样和一个模拟溢油油样EUS进行了测定数据分析,通过正构烷烃相对浓度分析、诊断比值分析和模糊诊断分析,最终确定了溢油源为US.实验结果表明,采用GC-MS测定的实验数据和分析方法合理,可为船舶溢油鉴别提供帮助.%In observation of application of the gas chromatography-mass spectrography ( GC-MS) to the source identification of ship bilge water, analyses of the data were carried out on three suspected oil spill sam-ples (US, 1S, 2S) from ship bilge water and one simulated oil spill sample (EUS). Measurements were conducted on such aspects as the relative concentration of n-alkanes, diagnostic ratios, similarity matrix of relative concentration as well as the clustering analysis diagram. It shows that the results from GC-MS could provide reliable information for the identification of ship oil spill. Conclusions were drawn that the GC-MS method is applicable to identifying the source of the ship bilge water.

  19. Les prédécesseurs médiévaux d'Atatürk. Bilge kaghan et le sultan Alp Arslan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Copeaux

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le kémalisme, idéologie officielle de la république de Turquie, a pris pour modèle la société et les institutions européennes. Cependant, pour légitimer les importantes réformes des années trente aux yeux de l'opinion, le pouvoir culturel a choisi de les faire passer pour un retour aux anciennes traditions turques du Moyen Âge pré-musulman et musulman. C'est pourquoi, dans les discours historiques scolaire et académique, l'accent a été vigoureusement porté sur le versant asiatique et médiéval du passé des Turcs.De la sorte, Atattirk lui-même a été présenté non pas comme un légataire des valeurs occidentales qu'il avait importées en Turquie, mais comme l'héritier de certains héros de l'histoire turque médiévale. Le kaghan Bilge, qui a dirigé au VIIIe siècle les Turcs dits « Célestes » en haute Asie, est censé représenter les « pures » valeurs de la turcité, non atteinte encore par l'Islam, perçu dans ce cas comme une influence étrangère. Le sultan seldjoukide Alp Arslan, qui a vaincu les Byzantins en Anatolie orientale et ouvert ce pays aux Turcs, est considéré comme le créateur de l'actuelle Turquie musulmane.Dans le récit historique, ces deux héros sont explicitement présentés comme les prédécesseurs d'Atatürk. Des procédés rhétoriques et discursifs permettent à la fois de projeter les préoccupations du présent sur ce passé médiéval, et de légitimer le présent par le passé. Chacun des deux héros porte des valeurs différentes - la turcité « pure » et la turcité musulmane - qui ont leur propre fonction dans l'idéologie kémaliste et dans la mémoire collective.

  20. 加装舭龙骨对千吨级深V船型静水阻力和横摇运动的影响%Effects of bilge keel on a one-thousand-ton deep-vee monohull with calm water resistance and rolling motion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅江妍; 陈炜; 葛慧晓; 陈韬颖

    2015-01-01

    为改善深V船型在低速下的横摇,以千吨级深V船型为研究对象,研究在其舯部减摇鳍前、后位置加装舭龙骨对其静水阻力和横摇运动的影响.首先,通过数值模拟计算对深V船型无舭龙骨方案、加装舭龙骨的各个方案的耐波性进行比较,掌握舭龙骨距离折角线不同安装位置和不同舭龙骨宽度对深V船型横摇运动的影响.然后,根据数值计算结果考虑工程可实施性,以大舭龙骨宽度、等舭龙骨面积及不同安装角度设计这3个舭龙骨方案完成横摇衰减试验并优选出1个舭龙骨方案.最后,对该优选方案开展静水阻力试验和不规则波中的运动响应试验.试验结果表明,千吨级深V船型加装舭龙骨后,其静水阻力增加量不大于5%,减摇效果达30%以上.%Deep-vee monohull can offset the wave strength at the bottom of the hull, increasing the pitch damping and improving the pitch, surge, and vertical acceleration, reducing the slamming and deck wet-ness, all of which lead to better longitudinal sea-keeping performance. However, the roll at slow speed does not show any significant improvement. Aiming at the problem, fixing a bilge keel onto the middle part of the deep-vee monohull could improve the seakeeping performance, especially the roll of the ship in waves. In this paper, a one-thousand-ton deep-vee monohull's hydrodynamic performances with different bilge keel projects are numerically simulated, which guides the design of bilge keel projects for model tests. Then, three actual projects are designed for model test, whose results of seakeeping model tests reveal that the best project has a resistance performance increment less than 5%, and the seakeeping performance, espe-cially the roll of the ship, has a 30%improvement.

  1. 46 CFR 31.10-50 - Inspection of bilges-TB/ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Inspections § 31.10-50 Inspection of bilges—TB/ALL. (a) When inspecting oil-burning vessels, either internal... fireroom and engineroom to see that there is no accumulation of oil which might create a fire hazard....

  2. 46 CFR 162.050-20 - Separator and bilge alarm test fluids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 162.050-35; (4) Operate the centrifugal pump B running at a speed of not less than 3,000 rpm with a...; (6) To establish a stable emulsion keep running the centrifugal pump B for one hour and confirm no... this section, keep running the centrifugal pump B at reduced speed to approximately 10 percent...

  3. Simulation and Analyzing of the Submarine Fire at Bilges%潜艇机舱舱底火灾模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖霞; 祝佳琰; 张孝华

    2013-01-01

    以某舱底火为例,采用CFD模拟软件,设置潜艇通风工况,对潜艇机舱舱底火的发展过程进行模拟计算.研究遮蔽作用下火灾烟气流动、温度场分布特征、火焰蔓延等火灾特性,分析火灾发展对机舱舱壁的温度影响,总结出该舱室消防系统的设计建议.

  4. 46 CFR 28.265 - Emergency instructions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY UNINSPECTED VESSELS REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS Requirements for Documented Vessels That Operate Beyond the Boundary Lines or With More... the vessel. (ii) Keep bilges dry to prevent loss of stability due to water in bilges. Use power...

  5. 46 CFR 169.642 - Vital systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... vital systems— (a) A marine engineering system identified by the OCMI as being crucial to the survival... feet in length— (1) Bilge system; (2) Ballast system; (3) Fire protection system; (4) Fuel oil system; and (5) Steering and steering control system. Bilge Systems...

  6. 46 CFR 69.103 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... in a bulkhead. Deckhouse means a structure that is on or above the uppermost complete deck and that.... Floor means a vertical plate or timber extending from bilge to bilge in the bottom of a vessel. In a wooden vessel, “floor” means the lowermost timber connecting the main frames at the keel when that...

  7. Purchasing power parity: An Application for Turkey (1980-1987)

    OpenAIRE

    Bilge, Cem

    1989-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Management and the Institute of Management Sciences of Bilkent University, 1989. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1989. Includes bibliographical references leaves 39-42 Bilge, Cem Master's

  8. COMPARISON OF RESISTANCE FOR SEVERAL DISPLACEMENT HIGH PERFORMANCE VEHICLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Xiao-ping; LI Yun; DONG Zu-shun

    2005-01-01

    According to the linear wave resistance theory, a comparison among the ship resistance for the high speed round bilge ships, the deep "Vee" vessels, the wave-piercing catamarans, and the high speed trimarans was given by using the high-speed round-bilge ship as a benchmark. And the optimal speed range of each ship form was also suggested by using the analysis of the research results.

  9. Cannes : türgi eksistentsialism ja ameerika kiirtoit / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : türklase Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kliima", soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled", inglase Andrea Arnoldi "Punane tänav" ("Red Road"), ameeriklase Richard Linklateri "Kiirtoidurahvas" ("Fast Food Naton") ja samuti ameeriklase Richard Kelly "Lõuna jutud" ("Southland Tales")

  10. 46 CFR 108.575 - Survival craft and rescue boat equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Lifesaving Equipment § 108.575 Survival craft and rescue boat equipment... Fishing kit 1 1 12 Flashlight 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 Hatchet 2 2 14 Heaving line 2 1 2 2 1 2 15 Instruction card 1.... 2 Bilge pumps are not required for boats of self-bailing design. 3 Not required for inflated...

  11. Genç fizikçi snowboard kazas?nda yaraland?

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Isparta'daki uçak kazasinda ölen fizikçi bilim insanlariyla ayni grupta çalisan Yrd. Doç. Dr. Bilge Demirköz, Kartalkaya'da snowboard kazasi sonrasi yaralandi. Istanbul'a sevk edilen Demirköz, tedavi altina alindi.

  12. 46 CFR 193.15-90 - Installations contracted for prior to March 1, 1968.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... equal to the gross volume of the boilerroom taken to the top of the boilers divided by 36. In the event... engineroom bilge and the gross volume shall be taken to the flat on which the boilers are installed. (4) In... siphon tubes of 3/8-inch diameter. Table 193.15-90(a)(6) Number of cylinders Over Not over Nominal...

  13. 46 CFR 34.15-90 - Installations contracted for prior to January 1, 1962-T/ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Installations contracted for prior to January 1, 1962-T/ALL. 34.15-90 Section 34.15-90 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS... drains to the machinery space, the system shall be installed in the engineroom bilge and the gross...

  14. Maailmalõpu valust ja ilust Cannes'is / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak, 1955-

    2011-01-01

    64. Cannes'i filmifestivali auhindade saajatest. Kuldse Palmioksa pälvis ameerika režissööri Terrence Malicki film "Elupuu", grand prix' belgia režissööride Jean-Pierre ja Luc Dardenne film "Poiss jalgrattaga" ning türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani film "Ükskord Anatoolias"

  15. Mida vaadata pimedatel öödel? / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Filmirežissöör ja -kriitik soovitab kolme režissööri, kelle filme näidatakse 10. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil : Alex van Warmerdam (Holland), Michael Winterbottom (Suurbritannia) ja Nuri Bilge Ceylan (Türgi)

  16. 46 CFR 62.35-10 - Flooding safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Flooding safety. 62.35-10 Section 62.35-10 Shipping... Requirements for Specific Types of Automated Vital Systems § 62.35-10 Flooding safety. (a) Automatic bilge.... (b) Remote controls for flooding safety equipment must remain functional under flooding conditions...

  17. 46 CFR 119.540 - Ballast systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ballast systems. 119.540 Section 119.540 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS MACHINERY INSTALLATION Bilge...

  18. 46 CFR 119.500 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General. 119.500 Section 119.500 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS MACHINERY INSTALLATION Bilge and Ballast Systems §...

  19. 46 CFR 182.540 - Ballast systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ballast systems. 182.540 Section 182.540 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) MACHINERY INSTALLATION Bilge and Ballast Systems § 182.540 Ballast systems. (a) Ballast piping must not be installed in any compartment integral...

  20. 15 CFR 922.82 - Prohibited or otherwise regulated activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... classification) that is approved in accordance with section 312 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as... COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARY PROGRAM REGULATIONS Gulf of the Farallones National... cooling water, clean vessel generator cooling water, clean bilge water, or anchor wash; or (iv)...

  1. "Don Kihotõ" nazõvajut lutshshih / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon (FICC) andis oma auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki")

  2. 46 CFR 190.15-5 - Vessels using fuel having a flashpoint of 110 °F. or lower.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., unless of a totally enclosed, explosion-proof type, shall be located outside of the ducts and outside of... water in the bilge will not close off the ducts. (g) All ducts shall be of steel construction and reasonably gastight from end to end. The ducts shall lead as direct as possible and be properly fastened...

  3. Rakkautta ja anarkkiaa, naiset ja herrat! / Tõnu Karjatse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjatse, Tõnu

    2008-01-01

    Helsingi 21. festivalist "Armastus ja Anarhia" ning Eesti filmi osast sellel. Vaatajahääletuse võitis Jordaania "Captain Abu Raed" (režii Amin Matalqa). Teisi huvitavaid filme - Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kolm ahvi", Sergei Dvortsevoi "Tulpan", Mamoru Oshii "Skycrawlers"

  4. On the Etymology of Adel

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, Alaric

    2009-01-01

    A light-hearted tour of the historiography of the etymology of Adel, a parish in North Leeds, resisting the twentieth-century concensus of Old English adela (‘filth, dirt, dirty place; foul filth; bilge-water’ and possibly even ‘sewer, privy’) in favour of *Eada-lēah ('Eada's lea').

  5. Ka ilmetu Cannes'i festival jääb ikkagi heaks / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade 56. Cannes'i filmifestivalil võistelnud filmidest. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis ameerika režissööri Gus Van Santi "Elevant", žürii grand prix' sai türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Eemal" ("Uzak"). Auhinnati ka Kanada komöödiat "Barbarite sissetungid" režii Denys Arcand), iraanlanna Samira Makhmalbafi "Kell viis pealelõunal". Lisatud auhinnatute nimekiri

  6. Von Trier mängis oma šansid maha / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-

    2011-01-01

    64. Cannes'i filmifestivalil auhindadele kandideerivatest filmidest. Lisatud nimekiri võitnud töödest. Kuldse Palmioksa pälvis ameerika režissööri Terrence Malicki film "Elupuu", grand prix' belgia režissööride Jean-Pierre ja Luc Dardenne film "Poiss jalgrattaga" ning türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani film "Ükskord Anatoolias"

  7. Kuldpalmioksa said lihtsad lood / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2003-01-01

    Lõppes 56. Cannes'i filmifestival. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis ameerika režissööri Gus Van Santi "Elevant", žürii grand prix' sai türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Eemal" ("Uzak"). Auhinnati ka Kanada komöödiat "Barbarite sissetungid" režii Denys Arcand), iraanlanna Samira Makhmalbafi "Kell viis pealelõunal". Filmiajakirjanike auhinna sai Aleksandr Sokurovi" "Isa ja poeg". Lisatud premeeritute nimekiri

  8. Palmioksad läksid üllatusmeestele / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2003-01-01

    Lõppes 56. Cannes'i filmifestival. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis ameerika režissööri Gus Van Santi "Elevant", žürii grand prix' sai türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Eemal" ("Uzak"). Auhinnati ka Kanada komöödiat "Barbarite sissetungid" režii Denys Arcand), iraanlanna Samira Makhmalbafi "Kell viis pealelõunal". Lisatud premeeritute nimekiri

  9. STS-55 crewmembers repair waste water tank under OV-102's middeck subfloor

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Pilot Terence T. Henricks uses a spotlight and pen to point out a possible problem area on a waste water tank in the bilge area below Columbia's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102's, middeck. Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross records the activity with a video camcorder. The crewmembers are participating in an inflight maintenance (IFM) exercise to counter problems experienced with the waste water tank.

  10. STS-55 crewmembers repair waste water tank on OV-102's middeck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Three STS-55 crewmembers participate in an inflight maintenance (IFM) exercise to counter problems experienced with a waste water tank below Columbia's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102's, middeck. Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr, inside the airlock, holds middeck floor access panel MD54G and looks below at Pilot Terence T. Henricks who is in the bilge area. Commander Steven R. Nagel is lying on middeck floor at the left.

  11. Moving-Particle Semi-Implicit Method for Vortex Patterns and Roll Damping of 2D Ship Sections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PAN Xu-jie; ZHANG Huai-xin; LU Yun-tao

    2008-01-01

    A meshless method, Moving-Particle Semi-Implicit Method (MPS) is presented in this paper to simulate the rolling of different 2D ship sections. Sections S.S.0.5, S.S.5.0 and S.S.7.0 of series 60 with CB=0.6 are chosen for the simulation. It shows that the result of MPS is very close to results of experiments or mesh-numerical simulations. In the simulation of MPS, vortices are found periodically in bilges of ship sections. In section S.S.5.0 and section S.S.7.0, which are close to the middle ship, two little vortices are found at different bilges of the section, in section S.S.0.5, which is close to the bow, only one big vortex is found at the bottom of the section, these vortices patterns are consistent with the theory of Ikeda. The distribution of shear stress and pressure on the rolling hull of ship section is calculated. When vortices are in bilges of the section, the sign change of pressure can be found, but in section S.S.0.5, there is no sign change of pressure because only one vortex in the bottom of the section. With shear stress distribution, it can be found the shear stress in bilges is bigger than that at other part of the ship section. As the free surface is considered, the shear stress of both sides near the free surface is close to zero and even sign changed.

  12. Mehhiko filmikunst toob Cannes'i värskeid tuuli / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled" ("Laitakaupungin valot"), hispaanlase Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Tagasitulek"), inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"), türklase Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kliima", itaallase Nanni Moretti "Kaiman" ("The Caiman"), mehhiklase Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu USA mängufilm Brad Pitt'iga peaosas "Paabel" ("Babel")

  13. "Tjomnõje notshi" vstretili passvet / Aleksandra Manukjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manukjan, Aleksandra

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali publikuauhinna sai "Tõusuvesi" ("Nousukausi") : režissöör Johanna Vuoksenmaa : Soome 2003, FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon andis auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki"). Ka "tütarfestivalide" "Animated Dreams", "Sleepwalkers" ja "Just Film" auhinnatutest

  14. PÖFFi publik andis auhinna Soome filmile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali publikuauhinna sai "Tõusuvesi" ("Nousukausi") : režissöör Johanna Vuoksenmaa : Soome 2003, FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon andis auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki")

  15. PÖFF-i publik hindas parimaks Soome filmi / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2003-01-01

    Lõppenud festivali publikuauhinna sai "Tõusuvesi" ("Nousukausi") : režissöör Johanna Vuoksenmaa : Soome 2003, FIPRESCI auhinna sai türgi film "Kauge" ("Uzak") : režissöör Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Rahvusvaheline filmiklubide föderatsioon (FICC) andis oma auhinna Don Quijote Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmile "Tagasitulek" ("Vozvrashtshenije") ja eriauhinna hiinlase Chen Kaige filmile "Üheskoos" ("Han ni zai ylki")

  16. Remediation Technologies for Marine Oil Spills: A Critical Review and Comparative Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Dave, D; Abdel E. Ghaly

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: Anthropogenic activities pollute the oceans with oil through land run off, vessels accidents, periodic tanker discharges and bilge discharges. Oil spills are environmental disasters that impact human, plants and wild life including birds, fish and mammals. Approach: In this study, the International Guidelines for Preventing Oils Spills and Response to Disasters were reviewed and the characteristics of oil spills were discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of various oi...

  17. Do eating disorders accompany metabolic syndrome in psoriasis patients? Results of a preliminary study

    OpenAIRE

    Altunay, Ilknur

    2011-01-01

    Ilknur Altunay1, Gulsen Tukenmez Demirci1, Bilge Ates1, Asli Kucukunal1, Cigdem Aydin2, Oguz Karamustafalioglu3, Yuksel Altuntas41Dermatology Department, Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; 2Psychology Department, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey; 3Psychiatry Department, Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; 4Internal Medicine Endocrinology Department, Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, TurkeyBackground: Metabolic syndr...

  18. Klaipėda sea port contaminated oily water management analysis Analysis of Polluted Oily Water Management in Klaipėda Sea Port

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goda Zobėlaitė

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available While exploiting ships and their mechanisms a particular type of waste is made – water which contains oil and its products. Such water is called oily-bilge water otherwise ballast waters, because of the accidental spillage during carrying out various technological processes sea water is polluted and thus a danger is caused to the environment.Oily-bilge water is particular water which contains different carbohydrates, fuel oil, lubricating oil, light benzene fractions etc. thus the cleaning of such water to a certain degree is hardly possible using traditional technologies.According to the previous scientific researches it was determined that oily water cleaning needs absorbing substances. There comes up a purpose to choose available sorbents, which are applicable widely in different technological processes.In the article investigation results were received with five absorbing substances (granular absorbent carbon, friable absorbent carbon, wood dust, wood sawdust and clay.The object of the research comprises the determinant of oily water cleaning degree and sorption effectiveness by using chosen methods. Lithuania is one of the countries that have ratified the Marpol 73/78 Convention which foresees the tools of reduction and prevention of sea pollution with bilge water and other substances. The Directive of the European Parliament and Council 2000/59/EB is addressed to the reduction of waste on board of ships and its wash overboard..Analysis of the ships entering Klaipėda Sea Port has estimated that oil waste comprises about 74 % of the whole collected waste amount. The analysis of technological flows and documents has indicated problematic points in the following processes:1. collection of oily and engine bilge water from ships;2. collection of spilled overboard oil products;3. exploitation of intermediate accumulative reservoirs in the port;4. regular transportation of accumulated oily water engine bilge water to the oil-polluted water

  19. Towing tank tests for surface combatant for coupled pitch and heave and free roll decay motions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irvine, Martin, Jr.

    Towing-tank experiments are performed for an advancing surface combatant in free roll decay and coupled pitch and heave motions. For free roll decay experiments, results are presented for motions (surge, sway, heave, roll, pitch and yaw), forces (resistance, sway and heave), moments (pitch and yaw), phase-averaged velocities (U, V and W) for measurement region near bilge keel and free surface elevations. For coupled pitch and heave experiments, results are presented for pitch and heave transfer functions, and pitch and heave phase angles. The geometry of interest is DTMB model 5512, which is a 1/46.6 scale geosym of DTMB model 5415 (DDG-51), with L = 3.048 m. The experiments are performed in a 3 x 3 x 100m towing tank equipped with a plunger-type wavemaker. The measurement systems include Krypton contactless motion tracker, 4-component load cell, towed 2-D particle image velocimetry (PIV) system, and servo wave probes with 2-D traverse. Uncertainty assessment following standard procedures is used to evaluate the quality of the data. Pitch and heave transfer functions and phase angles collapse to a single value independent of wave steepness. Free roll decay results show the addition of bilge keels to a ship model increases roll period and roll damping. Results show non-linear roll decay for Fr ≤ 0.138, a transition region for 0.190 ≤ Fr ≤ 0.340, and linear roll decay for Fr ≥ 0.410 for both without and with bilge keels. Phase-averaged flow-field velocity results show the evolution and subsequent decay of the bilge keel vortex. The vortex trails the motion of the bilge keel rotating clockwise for counter-clockwise model rotation (rolling to port) and rotates counter-clockwise for clockwise model rotation (rolling to starboard). The phase-averaged wave-field resembles the steady wave pattern (Kelvin wave pattern) with a superimposed oscillation due to the rolling motion of the model. As the model rolls, alternating crests and troughs radiate from the hull

  20. Variation of the feedback coefficient with R12 and the geographic latitude in 1-h ahead forecast of f0 F2

    OpenAIRE

    Tulunay, Y.; E. Mizrahi; Bilge, A. H.

    2002-01-01

    The «prediction» and «forecast» of the critical frequency of the F 2 layer (f0 F2 ) is an important issue for frequency planning in short wave radio communications. In this context, «prediction» is used for the determination of monthly median values of f0 F2 for each hour, while «forecast» denotes the determination of hourly values. In a previous paper we proposed a «sliding window» technique for prediction combined with «feedback» for forecast (Bilge and Tulunay, 2000). In the present paper ...

  1. Test Studies of the Resistance and Seakeeping Performance of a Trimaran Planing Hull

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Weijia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Towing tank tests in calm water were performed on a trimaran planing hull to verify its navigational properties with different displacements and centres of gravity, as well as to assess the effects of air jets and bilge keels on the hull’s planing capabilities, and to increase the longitudinal stability of the hull. Hydrostatic roll tests, zero speed tests, and sea trials in the presence of regular waves were conducted to investigate the hull’s seakeeping ability. The test results indicate that the influence of the location of the centre of gravity on the hull resistance is similar to that of a normal trimaran planing hull; namely, moving the centre of gravity backward will reduce the resistance but lower the stability. Bilge keels improve the longitudinal stability but slightly affect the resistance, and the presence of air jets in the hull’s channels decreases the trim angle and increases heaving but has little effect on the resistance. Frequent small-angle rolling occurs in waves. The heaving and pitching motions peak at the encounter frequency of , and the peaks increase with velocity and move towards greater encounter frequencies. When the encounter frequency exceeds, the hull motion decreases, which leads to changes in the navigation speed and frequency.

  2. Seabirds and Atlantic Canada's ship-source oil pollution : impacts, trends, and solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is estimated that 300,000 seabirds die annually in Atlantic Canada as a result of illegal discharges of oil from ships. Chronic oil pollution along the southeast coast of Newfoundland has not been reduced in the last 20 years. The species most affected is the thick-billed murre which over winters on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland and breeds in the Canadian Arctic. Populations of the bird may decline in the next 2 decades if current mortality levels do not decrease. It was argued that fines and enforcement efforts in Atlantic Canada are lax compared to other countries and many ship operators dump their bilges in the coastal areas of Atlantic Canada. The World Wild Life Fund recommends that Canada follow the example of other countries and increase year-round enforcement, impose higher fines, and establish a convenient on-land oil disposal facility. These simple measures could reduce bilge-oil dumping at sea. 78 refs., 4 tabs., 5 figs

  3. 祛毒二黄活血汤消除痔术后水肿71例%Treatment of Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Decoction for Eliminating Postoperative Edema of Hemorrhoids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋风; 李东冰; 谢振年; 王芳丽; 郝丽丽

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察痔术后应用祛毒二黄活血汤湿敷的疗效.方法:选择实施ECTCI+外痔切除手术的混合痔患者142例,随机分为治疗组71例,对照组71例,治疗组使用祛毒二黄活血汤药棉温热浸透后外敷,对照组碘伏外敷,观察疼痛、伤口水肿、肛门坠胀等指标.结果:在改善术后水肿、延迟愈合、肛门坠胀方面,治疗组优于对照组(P<0.05).结论:对混合痔患者施行ECTCI+外痔切除治疗后,配合祛毒二黄活血汤外敷,可以很好地预防术后水肿、延迟愈合、肛门坠胀等并发症,减轻痛苦、缩短疗程.%Objective:To observe the effects of Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Soup for postoperative hemorrhoids.Methods:A total of 142 mixed hemorrhoids eases performed with ECTCI and external hemorrhoids operation were chosen and divided randomly into two groups.The treatment gronp( n = 64 ) was given Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Decoction,and the control gronp( n = 71 ) was treated with Iodine v.Pain,wound edema and anal drop bilge feeling were assessed.Results:The treatment group was superior to the control group in improving wound edema,delayed healing and anal drop bilge feeling ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion:Qudu Erhuang Huoxue Decoction will promote the prevention of complications after ECTCI and external hemorrhoids operation,such as wound edema,delayed healing,anal drop bilge feeling.It also can relieve patients suffering and shorten the treatment course.

  4. SEVILLE, FREUD, BACON VE TUYMANS’IN PALETİNDEKİ ÇİLELİ BEDEN TEORİSİ / SUFFERING BODY THEORIES AT THE PALETTES OF SEVILLE, FREUD, BACON and TUYMANS

    OpenAIRE

    ALBAYRAK, Ahmet

    2012-01-01

    ÖZETSanatın nicel ve nitel bir form olarak vazgeçemediği biricik kaynak, kuşkusuz insan bedenidir. Özellikle bedenin bir fenomen olarak çağdaş sanat ekseninde oldukça farklı yaklaşımlarla ele alındığı ve başta resim disiplini olmak üzere tüm sanat disiplinlerinde beden kavramının sürekli devingen biçimde dönüştürüldüğünü ve anlamlandırıldığını görmekteyiz. Teknik olanakların çeşitliliği ve bilg...

  5. A facile and cost-effective method for separation of oil-water mixtures using polymer-coated iron oxide nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palchoudhury, Soubantika; Lead, Jamie R

    2014-12-16

    Catastrophic oil spills and oil from waste waters such as bilge and fracking waters pose major environmental concerns. The limitations of existing cleanup techniques for benign oil remediation has inspired a recent scientific impetus to develop oil-absorbing smart nanomaterials. Magnetic nanocomposites were here designed to allow easy recovery from various systems. In this study, sorption of reference MC252 oil with easy-to-synthesize and low-cost hydrophilic polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated iron oxide nanoparticles is reported for the first time. The one-step modified polyol synthesis in air directly generates water-soluble nanoparticles. Stable polyvinylpyrrolidone-coatings are known to minimize environmental alterations of nanoparticles from aggregation and other processes. Iron oxide provides effective magnetic actuation, while both PVP and iron oxide have low toxicity. These nanoparticles gave quantitative (near 100%) oil removal under optimized conditions. The facile synthesis and ease of use represents a significant improvement over existing techniques. PMID:25409536

  6. Oil-water separators for use in ships

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parry, G.; Nuttall, P.J.

    1978-11-04

    After ratification by the United Nations Assembly of the 15 ppm limit for the oil content in water discharges from ships, as recommended by the Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization, all oil separating systems used to treat cargo tank washings, oil-contaminated ballast water from double-bottom tanks, engineroom bilge water, or oily sludge from self-cleaning fuel oil purifiers, will be subjected to a stringent test procedure specified by IMCO. This specification requires the use of centrifugal supply pumps capable of discharging at 1.5 times the separator capacity and operating at over 1000 rpm. To meet the 15 ppm standards, filtration or coalescence equipment must be added to conventional single-stage static separators. Tests by Alexander Esplen and Co. Ltd. showed that a two-stage Comyn coagulator incorporating elements specially designed by Vokes Ltd. meets the IMCO requirements. Separator system control and maintenance problems are discussed.

  7. Hangout with CERN: The Dark Side of the Universe (S03E10)

    CERN Multimedia

    Kahle, Kate

    2013-01-01

    Dark matter is a mysterious type of matter that no one can see but that makes up 27% of the content of the Universe. What is it? How do we know it's there? What are experiments at CERN doing to find out about it?In this week's hangout physicists from LHC, AMS and CAST experiments at CERN talk about what they're doing to explore the "dark side" of the Universe. Our host, ATLAS physicist Steven Goldfarb is joined by theorist Marco Cirelli and ATLAS physicist Xavier Portell Bueso, while elsewhere in CERN Julia Hoffman and Bilge Demirkoz from the AMS experiment are joined by student intern Laura Hourican. Cenk Yildiz joins from the CAST experiment and CMS physicist Sarah Malik connects from Fermilab, while Seth Zenz monitors social media, and Kate Kahle and Kelly Izlar handle production.Recorded live on 27 June 2013.

  8. Verivärskeid elamusi igale maitsele / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Ülevaade 10. PÖFFi võistlusprogrammist. PÖFFi filme: "Meeletu" (rezh. Elmo Nüganen), "TumeSininePeaaeguMust" (rezh. Daniel Sanchez Arevalo), "Taksitermia" (rezh. György Palfi), "Eravaldus" (rezh. Joachim Lafosse), "Lahtikistud mees" (rezh. Aku Louhimies), "Rõhkkonnad" (rezh. Nuri Bilge Ceylan), "Reekviem" (rezh. Hans-Christian Schmid), "Väikesed punased lilled" (rezh. Zhang Yuan), "Sündroomid ja sajand" (režissöör Apichatpong Weerasethakul), "Mängides ohvrit" (rezh. Kirill Serebrennikov), "Et taevasse pääseda, tuleb kõigepealt surra" (rezh. Djamshed Usmonov), "Pojad" (rezh. Erik Strand Richter), "Maximo Oliverose õitseaeg" (rezh. Auraeus Solito), "Kelner" (rezh. Alex van Warmerdam), "Tagasinõudja" (rezh. Slawomir Fabick), "Mehed tööl" (rezh. Mani Haghighi), "4,6 miljardit aastat armastust" (rezh. Takashi Miike), "Sina oled mina" (rezh. Kristijonas Vildziunas)

  9. Variation of the feedback coefficient with R12 and the geographic latitude in 1-h ahead forecast of f0 F2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Tulunay

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The «prediction» and «forecast» of the critical frequency of the F 2 layer (f0 F2 is an important issue for frequency planning in short wave radio communications. In this context, «prediction» is used for the determination of monthly median values of f0 F2 for each hour, while «forecast» denotes the determination of hourly values. In a previous paper we proposed a «sliding window» technique for prediction combined with «feedback» for forecast (Bilge and Tulunay, 2000. In the present paper we obtain the variation of the feedback coefficient with R 12 and geographic latitude.

  10. Kannskaja vetv mimo Ispanii - v Angliju / Ilona Vinogradova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinogradova, Ilona

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali võitjad. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis Ken Loachi mängufilm "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind That Shakes the Barley"), Grand Prix' sai prantslase Bruno Dumonti film "Flandria sõdalased" ("Flandres"), parim režissöör oli mehhiklane Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu filmi eest "Paabel" ("Babel"), parima naisnäitleja auhinna sai grupp näitlejannasid Pedro Almodovari filmist "Tagasitulek" ("Volver") ja meesnäitleja auhinna sai samuti grupp näitlejaid prantsuse filmist "Kuulsuse päevad" ("Indigenes"). Žürii eriauhind läks Andrea Arnoldi filmile "Punane tänav" ("Red Road"), FIPRESCI auhind türklasele Nuri Bilge Ceylani filmile "Kliima" ("Iklimler")

  11. Influence of oily wastes on the pyrolysis of scrap tire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Hazardous oily wastes generated from ships was converted to useful fuel. • Fuel characteristic of oil derived scrap tire was improved. • Co-pyrolysis of scrap tire with oily wastes showed an environmental alternative to direct combustion. - Abstract: The co-pyrolysis of scrap tires with oily wastes from ships (bilge water oil and oily sludge) was studied to investigate the effect of oily wastes on the pyrolysis of scrap tire. Co-pyrolysis experiments were carried out in a fixed bed reactor in the absence and the presence of catalyst at 500 °C. The catalysts used in the pyrolysis were a commercial refinery catalyst and an industrial by-product containing iron. The fuel characteristics and chemical compositions of pyrolysis products were characterized by means of chromatographic, spectroscopic and standard ASTM methods. Although, the oily wastes did not affect the product yields from the pyrolysis of scrap tire, they improved the fuel characteristics of scrap tire derived oils. The fuel characteristics of co-pyrolysis oils (except flash point and sulfur content) had similar fuel characteristic with the commercial diesel. It was also found that the amounts of metal impurities in all pyrolytic oils were smaller than 0.3 ppm, which was a significantly low amount compared with those in the original oily wastes. Gross calorific values of pyrolysis gases were found to be in the range of 20.4–26.4 MJ Nm−3. It was concluded that co-pyrolysis of scrap tire with oily wastes could be an environmentally friendly way for the conversion of disposable and hazardous wastes such as scrap tires, bilge water oil and oily sludge into fuels

  12. Physiological response of the Caribbean Coral O. annularis to Pollution Gradients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, E. L.; Sivaguru, M.; Fouke, B. W.

    2014-12-01

    Orbicella annularis is an abundant ecological cornerstone framework-building Scleractinian coral throughout the Caribbean Sea. The O. annularis holobiont (biotic and abiotic components of the coral) is negatively impacted by increased exposure to anthropogenic pollution. This is consistently evidenced by altered tissue cellular composition, and skeletal structure. The O. annularis' holobiont is weakened by increased exposure to sewage and ship bilge pollution. Pollution exposure is characterized by decreased skeletal growth, as well as decreased zooxanthellae and chromatophore tissue cell densities. Healthy colonies studied at five sites on the leeward coast of Curacao, along a systematically decreasing pollution concentration, were sampled from the back-reef depositional facies of a protected fringing reef tract. A unidirectional oceanographic current flows to the NW past the city of Willemstad, a large point source of human sewage and ship bilge. This setting creates an ideal natural laboratory for in situ experimentation that quantitatively tracks the impact to coral physiology along a gradient from unimpacted to polluted seawater. Our lab has established laser scanning microscopy for three-dimensional (3D) quantification of zooxanthellae, and chromatophore cellular tissue density. X-ray computed tomography (BioCT) was used for analysis of skeletal density. Zooxanthellae density decreased as pollution concentration increased. Chromatophore density showed no significant relationship with pollution concentration but varied dramatically within each site. This suggests zooxanthellae density is highly impacted by environmental stress while variation in chromatophore density is driven by genetic variation. These results will be used to create a new model for environmental impacts on coral physiology and skeletal growth.

  13. RELIGION AND INDIVIDUALIZATION IN BİLGE KARASU’S STORY UZUN SÜRMÜŞ BİR GÜNÜN AKŞAMI BİLGE KARASU’NUN UZUN SÜRMÜŞ BİR GÜNÜN AKŞAMI ÖYKÜSÜNDE DİN VE BİREYLEŞME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet EVİS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In study, the story, Uzun Sürmüş Bir Günün Akşamı, one of Bilge Karasu’s award winning works is intended to be analyzed under the title of ‘religion and individualization’ depending upon C.G. Jung’s psychoanalytic understanding. Our study has been systematically prepared by being divided into different titles. Images and symbols are explained by associating the related archetypes with the disciplines and people in the story. That’s been the lodestar for both defining social structure and tripping one’s inner word. Çalışmada Bilge Karasu’nun ödüllü eserlerinden biri olan Uzun Sürmüş Bir Günün Akşamı adlı öyküsünün ‘din ve bireyleşme’ başlığı altında C.G.Jung’un psikanalitik anlayışına bağlı olarak çözümlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmamız farklı başlıklara ayrılarak sistematik bir şekilde hazırlanmıştır. Öyküdeki kavramlar ve kişiler ilgili arketiplerleilişkilendirilerek imge ve semboller anlamlandırılmıştır. Bu da hem toplumsal yapının incelenmesinde hem de bireyin iç dünyasına yaptığı yolculuğun belirlenmesinde yol gösterici olmuştur.

  14. 满足SPS规则的特种船舶舱底水管系设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冼悦

    2014-01-01

    Based on the greater development of Offshore Industries, several new types special purpose service vessels coming into this industry. For example, heavy-lift and pipe laying vessel, large accommodation vessel, and offshore support vessels with the functions for external fire-fighting, anchor handling and towing Service, Survival Standing-by and Spill Oil Recovery Operation. Regarding the design of subject services vessels, the compliance with SPS Code is normally required. Especially for the design of bilge pumping system, there is a big gap with the design for the normal cargo vessels, the requirements for passenger vessels are to be absolutely complied with. How to design the good bilge pumping system as per SPS Code and how to optimize the design, will be demonstrated by the sub-paragraph.%伴随着海洋石油工业的发展,许多新型的为海洋采油作业区域服务的特种船舶应运而生。例如起重铺管工程船,大型居住船,以及具备外消防能力、溢油回收能力、救生能力、持锚拖曳能力等的平台守护船。在针对这些特种船舶的设计中,一般以满足特种船舶规则(SPS Code)为主流。以舱底水系统为例,设计上要完全满足《国际海上人命公约》对于客船的要求,与常规货船设计存在很大差别。下文将针对满足特种船舶规则的舱底水系统设计以及如何优化进行阐述。

  15. On-line measurement of oil contaminants in water by filter-based infrared analyzers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The properties of a dedicated infrared analyzer for on-line measurement of the oil content of water, the Oili analyzer, are evaluated theoretically and with laboratory measurements. The analyzer was originally developed for controlling the discharge of ballast and bilge water from oil tankers and more than 200 such instruments have now been supplied for that purpose, representing about 10 % of the total market. Some technical improvements are suggested, and the improved instrument is shown to be capable of measuring oil in water to an accuracy of +- 20 % down to a detection limit of +5-10 ppm in the presence of high concentrations of interfering components and under varying environmental conditions. This opens up new potential applications for the instrument, e.g. the monitoring of water discharges from oil and gas production platforms. The infrared analyzer responds only to the dispersed oil fraction, and if the dissolved fraction is of interest as well, the instrument must be equipped with a UV option, as suggested here

  16. Giant malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of thigh in an adolescent with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tosun HB

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Haci Bayram Tosun,1 Sancar Serbest,2 Bilge Aydin Turk,3 Seyit Ali Gumustas,1 Abuzer Uludag1 1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, 2Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, 3Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey Abstract: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs are rare sarcomas of children and adolescents, and they are aggressive tumors with a high rate of local recurrence. We present a 15-year-old boy with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, who had a giant MPNST on the right thigh taking into account the available literature. Diagnosis of MPNST may be delayed in NF1 patients due to confusion with a neurofibroma and/or a plexiform neurofibroma. Malignancy should be considered, especially in cases with big masses, with heterogeneous involvement, or in the presence of cysts or necrotic nodules. The aim of surgical treatment is complete surgical excision. Keywords: nerve sheath neoplasm, sarcoma, adolescent, neurofibromatosis, lower extremity

  17. Evaluation of environmental impacts of outer continental shelf petroleum development in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mellinger, P. J.; Anderson, J. W.; Vanderhorst, J. R.

    1979-06-01

    The scope of this report is to: describe the development of petroleum reserves on the Oregon, Washington, and Alaskan outer continental shelves (OCS); characterize the technology applicable to OCS development; identify the routine discharges to the marine and estuarine environment resulting from the petroleum resource development of the OCS; and discuss any possible ecological impact from these routine discharges. Components of the routine discharges to the marine environment from OCS development include metals in produced water, drilling muds, and borehole cuttings and chemicals in drilling mud. Hydrocarbons and oils are discharged to the oceans from ships' bilges and produced water and to the atmosphere as combustion products from ships and platform power generation sources and as evaporation products from offshore and land-based storage tanks. The number of discharged species is large and they occur as dissolved species, or suspended or settleable solids. Offshore technologies do exist to assure that the concentrations of discharged pollutants to the oceans and atmosphere are kept to a level that complies to regulatory limits. Where sufficient effluent data exist, it is concluded that long-term ecological effects from routine discharges have not been detected and appear not to occur. However, no environmental data gathered to date are sensitive enough to test a scientific hypothesis of the nature or magnitude of impact that would occur to a site-specific population or ecosystem from this type of release. Short-term effects are localized and short-lived and are therefore ecologically insignificant.

  18. Treatment of emulsified oily wastewater by commercial scale electrocoagulation at Vancouver shipyards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephenson, R.J.; Tennant, B.D. [McKay Creek Technologies Ltd., North Vancouver, BC (Canada); Hartle, D.R. [Vancouver Shipping Co. Ltd., BC (Canada); Stuckert, B. [Quantum Environmental Group, Richmond, BC (Canada)

    2002-06-01

    Some of the emulsified oily wastewater generated by the Washington Marine Group fleet and the Vancouver shipyards are from sources such as bilge water, tank wash water from gas freeing operations, ballast water, and wastewater from pressure washing equipment. The Washington Marine Group is the largest shipbuilding, ship maintenance and repair, and marine transportation company in Canada, a group to which McKay Creek Technologies belongs. A investigation was performed in an attempt to find commercially viable means of treating this wastewater. McKay Creek Technologies developed its own cleaning process. Electrocoagulation is a process based on the use of an electrical current in an electrochemical cell to coagulate contaminants in wastewater. With three years of experience gained by treating the wastewater of the Washington Marine Group operations at Vancouver shipyards using this technology, McKay Creek Technologies has found ways to treat emulsified oily wastewater simply and effectively. It has been determined that electrocoagulation is an effective treatment method for emulsified oils, poly-nuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), poorly settling solids, poorly soluble organics, contaminants which add turbidity to water, and negatively charged metal species like arsenic, molybdenum, and phosphate. A brief history of electrocoagulation was provided, and the authors explained the process and how it was applied to the situation at Vancouver shipyards. 2 refs., 5 tabs., 1 fig.

  19. Biodegradation potentiality of psychrophilic bacterial strain Oleispira antarctica RB-8(T).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentile, G; Bonsignore, M; Santisi, S; Catalfamo, M; Giuliano, L; Genovese, L; Yakimov, M M; Denaro, R; Genovese, M; Cappello, S

    2016-04-15

    The present study is focused on assessing the growth and hydrocarbon-degrading capability of the psychrophilic strain Oleispira antarctica RB-8(T). This study considered six hydrocarbon mixtures that were tested for 22days at two different cultivation temperatures (4 and 15°C). During the incubation period, six sub-aliquots of each culture at different times were processed for total bacterial abundance and GC-FID (gas chromatography-flame ionization detection) hydrocarbon analysis. Results from DNA extraction and DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) staining showed a linear increase during the first 18days of the experiment in almost all the substrates used; both techniques showed a good match, but the difference in values obtained was approximately one order of magnitude. GC-FID results revealed a substantial hydrocarbon degradation rate in almost all hydrocarbon sources and in particular at 15°C rather than 4°C (for commercial oil engine, oily waste, fuel jet, and crude oil). A more efficient degradation was observed in cultures grown with diesel and bilge water at 4°C. PMID:26912198

  20. Unstable roll motions by parametric resonance in following seas. Keisu reiki shindo ni motozuku oinamichu fuantei yokoyure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishiguro, T.; Ito, A.; Mizoguchi, S. (Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-05-01

    The unstable rolling region and angle in the regular waves were studied by both tank test modeling a large container ship and theoretical calculation based on Mathieu{prime}s equation. Further research was made on the influence of metacentric height (GM) under the calm sea condition, ship speed and bilge keel dimension on the unstable rolling region. To avoid the unstable roll motion in the waves caused by the parametric resonance, the fluctuation in GM is designed to be diminished on the waves by U-shaping the hull fore and aft like a fat large ship hull, or the fluctuation in dynamic stability is done to be diminished by increasing the GM on the calm sea. However, the ship with a U-shaped hull fore and aft is large in rolling angle due to the smallness in righting arm at the large heeling angle. Generally regardless of oceanic condition and ship speed, it is impossible to establish the GM absolutely without the primary and secondary synchronizing points. To avoid the unstable roll motion with a low ship speed, it is desirable to do it by the ship speed to be as high as possible. 11 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Assessment of vessel-generated waste quantities on the inland waterways of the Republic of Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presburger Ulnikovic, Vladanka; Vukic, Marija; Nikolic, Radosav

    2012-04-30

    To establish the quantity and structure of waste generated during inland vessel exploitation, it is necessary to determine the amount of traffic on the waterways, the number of vessel dockings that generate and deliver waste materials to ports, and the types of inland navigation vessels. Criteria must also be established for the calculation of estimated average waste quantities. This paper presents a methodology for the assessment of waste material quantities that was developed as part of the Technological Development Project TR 21037 of the Republic of Serbia. Required information on the amount of traffic, vessel types and numbers as well as the number of dockings was extracted from questionnaires and interviews with watermen and researchers. A set of criteria was defined in order to determine the number of passengers and crewmembers and to establish and classify quantities of vessel-generated waste (sanitary and fecal wastewater, bilge wastewater, waste oils, and solid waste). These data allowed for the Preliminary analysis of the national waterway traffic and transport infrastructure to be carried out. Results presented in this paper have triggered a number of recommendations for the construction of terminals and other facilities for the reception and management of waste streams, from the vessel where the waste is generated to the final destinations for waste processing and deposition. This is particularly applicable to countries who have not yet tackled the problem of vessel-generated waste. PMID:22325587

  2. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios: are they useful for predicting gestational diabetes mellitus during pregnancy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sargın MA

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Mehmet Akif Sargın, Murat Yassa, Bilge Dogan Taymur, Ayhan Celik, Emrah Ergun, Niyazi Tug Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey Objective: We aimed to investigate whether the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR could be utilized to screen for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM.Subjects and methods: NLR and PLR were assessed by retrospective analysis of 762 healthy and pregnant women with GDM. The patients were stratified into four groups, as follows: GDM (n=144, impaired glucose tolerance (n=76, only screen positive (n=238, and control (n=304.Results: The leukocyte, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts were significantly higher in the study groups compared with the control group (P=0.001; P<0.01. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups with respect to the NLR and PLR (P>0.05.Conclusion: We do not recommend that blood NLR and PLR can be used to screen for GDM. However, increase in the leukocyte count is an important marker for GDM as it provides evidence of subclinical inflammation. Keywords: inflammation, lymphocytes, neutrophils, platelets, pregnancy

  3. “Accelerating Science” exhibition zooms to Turkey

    CERN Multimedia

    Joannah Caborn Wengler

    2012-01-01

    'Accelerating Science', CERN’s travelling science outreach exhibition, has just arrived at the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara, Turkey for a four-month stay there. This is the first time it has moved outside the circle of the Member States. The Turkish venue will inaugurate some new exhibits that have recently been developed by CERN’s software developers.   “It’s been a very busy day,” says Bilge Demirkoz, an associate professor of physics at METU and a member of AMS-02, who had been overseeing the unloading of the lorries when we spoke to her. “As the University doesn’t have a specific exhibition space, the CERN exhibits are going to be housed in the covered tennis courts just behind the cultural and congress centre. It’s a beautiful venue, and there are plenty of parking spaces.” The University has sent invitations to the exhibition to high schools and to about 100 ...

  4. Bioremediation of marine oil pollution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An assessment is presented of the scientific and technological developments in the area of bioremediation and biodegradation of marine oil pollution. A number of allied technologies are also considered. The basic technology in bioremediation involves adding fertilizers to an oil spill to enhance the natural process of oil biodegradation. Bioremediation can be applied to open systems such as beach or land spills, or in closed and controlled environments such as storage containers, specially constructed or modified bioreactors, and cargo tanks. The major advantage of using closed environments is the opportunity to control the physical and nutritional parameters to optimize the rate of biodegradation. An evaluation of the state of the art of bioremediation in Canada is also included. Recommendations are made to involve the Canadian Transportation Development Centre in short-term research projects on bioremediation. These projects would include the use of a barge as a mobile bioreactor for the treatment of off-loaded oily waste products, the use of in-situ bioremediation to carry out extensive cleaning, degassing, and sludge remediation on board an oil tanker, and the use of a barge as a mobile bioreactor and facility for the bioremediation of bilges. 51 refs., 4 figs., 14 tabs

  5. Kinetic modeling and half life study on bioremediation of crude oil dispersed by Corexit 9500

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrocarbon pollution in marine ecosystems occurs mainly by accidental oil spills, deliberate discharge of ballast waters from oil tankers and bilge waste discharges; causing site pollution and serious adverse effects on aquatic environments as well as human health. A large number of petroleum hydrocarbons are biodegradable, thus bioremediation has become an important method for the restoration of oil polluted areas. In this research, a series of natural attenuation, crude oil (CO) and dispersed crude oil (DCO) bioremediation experiments of artificially crude oil contaminated seawater was carried out. Bacterial consortiums were identified as Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes, Bacillus, Pseudomonas and Vibrio. First order kinetics described the biodegradation of crude oil. Under abiotic conditions, oil removal was 19.9% while a maximum of 31.8% total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) removal was obtained in natural attenuation experiment. All DCO bioreactors demonstrated higher and faster removal than CO bioreactors. Half life times were 28, 32, 38 and 58 days for DCO and 31, 40, 50 and 75 days for CO with oil concentrations of 100, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/L, respectively. The effectiveness of Corexit 9500 dispersant was monitored in the 45 day study; the results indicated that it improved the crude oil biodegradation rate.

  6. Kinetic modeling and half life study on bioremediation of crude oil dispersed by Corexit 9500

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zahed, Mohammad Ali [School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia); Aziz, Hamidi Abdul, E-mail: cehamidi@eng.usm.my [School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia); Isa, Mohamed Hasnain [Civil Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia); Mohajeri, Leila; Mohajeri, Soraya [School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia); Kutty, Shamsul Rahman Mohamed [Civil Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia)

    2011-01-30

    Hydrocarbon pollution in marine ecosystems occurs mainly by accidental oil spills, deliberate discharge of ballast waters from oil tankers and bilge waste discharges; causing site pollution and serious adverse effects on aquatic environments as well as human health. A large number of petroleum hydrocarbons are biodegradable, thus bioremediation has become an important method for the restoration of oil polluted areas. In this research, a series of natural attenuation, crude oil (CO) and dispersed crude oil (DCO) bioremediation experiments of artificially crude oil contaminated seawater was carried out. Bacterial consortiums were identified as Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes, Bacillus, Pseudomonas and Vibrio. First order kinetics described the biodegradation of crude oil. Under abiotic conditions, oil removal was 19.9% while a maximum of 31.8% total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) removal was obtained in natural attenuation experiment. All DCO bioreactors demonstrated higher and faster removal than CO bioreactors. Half life times were 28, 32, 38 and 58 days for DCO and 31, 40, 50 and 75 days for CO with oil concentrations of 100, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/L, respectively. The effectiveness of Corexit 9500 dispersant was monitored in the 45 day study; the results indicated that it improved the crude oil biodegradation rate.

  7. PIV analysis of flow around a container ship model with a rotating propeller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paik, Bu Geun; Lee, Choung Mook; Lee, Sang Joon [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyo-Ja Dong, 790-784, Pohang (Korea)

    2004-06-01

    The flow characteristics of the propeller wake behind a container ship model with a rotating propeller were investigated using a two-frame PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) technique. Ensemble-averaged mean velocity fields were measured at four different blade phases and ensemble-averaged to investigate the flow structure in the near-wake region. The mean velocity fields in longitudinal planes show that a velocity deficit is formed in the regions near the blade tips and hub. As the flow develops in the downstream direction, the trailing vortices formed behind the propeller hub move upward slightly due to the presence of the hull wake and free surface. Interaction between the bilge vortices and the incoming flow around the hull causes the flow structure to be asymmetric. Contour plots of the vorticity give information on the radial distribution of the loading on the blades. The radial velocity profiles fluctuate to a greater extent under the heavy (J=0.59) and light loading (J=0.88) conditions than under the design loading condition (J=0.72). The turbulence intensity has large values around the tip and trailing vortices. As the wake develops in the downstream direction, the strength of the vorticity diminishes and the turbulence intensity increases due to turbulent diffusion and active mixing between the tip vortices and the adjacent wake flow. (orig.)

  8. Legal protection of the marine environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    Due to the increase of oil recovery and its transportation by sea, losses of oil has soared to 5.25 millions of tons annually. According to UNO, each year in the world ocean are disposed 50,000 to DDT, 5000 t mercury, and about 10 million tons of oil. Very important in the development of measures for protection of marine environment is International Maritime Law. At present, there are many international laws regulating the activities of the states in the open sea. Recently accepted agreements have substantially limited the right to pump out the contaminating bilge water as well as to discharge oil and oil-containing mixtures from all types of vessels. The agreement of 1978 to the Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships requires that each new tanker of 70,000 t and more dead weight be equipped with tanks with insulated ballast, and establishes stricter requirements for ship design in order to make them safer. Other conventions broaden the jurisdiction of coastal states in relation to foreign ships that pollute the sea with oil. The effectiveness of prevention of pollution of marine environment is largely depending on the level of development of national legislations. In the USSR, there is a well-defined system of regulations which govern various aspects of state activity for the protection of sea water from pollution. In addition to the establishment of commercial zones and regulations on the utilization of their resources, there is a tendency toward stiffer measures for protection of coastal waters from pollution from ships. Since 1974, criminal responsibility for an encroachment on marine environment is in effect. There are also provisions for liability for violations of the USSR Continental Shelf Law.

  9. 斧艏船加附体改善耐波性的研究%Research on Sea Keeping Performance of an AXE Bow Ship with Appendages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施军; 曾青; 武庆威; 高霄鹏; 董祖舜

    2015-01-01

    斧艏船型是一种适用于高速排水船的性能优良船型。无论与高速圆舭型船还是常规深 V 型船相比,它在阻力和耐波性能上均有其优势。研究发现,斧艏船在阻力及耐波性方面仍有进一步改善的余地。为此作者对斧艏船进行了加附体的试验研究。通过加防溅条、尾分水踵、尾压浪板、球鼻艏及首部水翼等手段,使斧艏船的阻力和耐波性有了进一步的改善。研究表明,对于不同的航速范围,可以采用不同的附体组合,以达到较理想的效果。%The hull form with AXE bow has good performance for high speed displacement ships. Both performances of resistance and sea keeping are superior to the round bilge or deep-V hull. A series of model tests of a hull with AXE bow, with various appendages added including spray strip, transom plate, skeg, bow-bulb, bow-bulb with fin and hydrofoil, has been carried out. It is indicated that the appendages can improve the performance of the ship with AXE bow, and different composition of appendages should be adopted for various speed ranges.

  10. Development of waste and effluents management on board in the seismic ship operating in Brazilian seas; Desenvolvimento do programa de gestao de residuos solidos e efluentes a bordo de um navio de sismica operando em aguas brasileiras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abreu, Mauricio Duppre de [Okeanos Consultoria e Meio Ambiente Ltda. (Brazil); Derntl, Jose Renato; Pereira, Edisio; Ribeiro, Camila Castroviejo da Silva [GEOCOOP Cooperativa de Trabalho, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Uller, George Andre; Oliveira, Joao Luiz Martinez de [CGG do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Miranda, Cristina Maschio de [Nautilus Cooperativa de Trabalho (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    This work presents the results regarding CGG's Waste and Effluents Management Program between February 2003 and April 2004 on M/V CGG HARMATTAN. It main objective is to trace all waste and effluents since its generation until its final disposal. To implement this program CGG has two environmental technicians on board, whose are responsible for supervising the program, as well as educating, training, and optimizing waste and effluents segregation. Furthermore, the company also employs a consultant team to logistic management on shore; whose are responsible for executing, transferring, transporting and yours final disposing. Results show a monthly generation of 7.428 Kg and 97.3 m3 in average for waste and effluents respectively. Data indicates waste generation peaks during port calls. Waste tracing has improved along the year, allowing better control and resulting in value decreasing for port calls. Effluents are constantly generated in the same amount with monthly average of 50.2 m3 for bilge water, 41 m3 for sewage and 6.1 m3 for sludge. The percentage of non-recyclable waste sent to cleaner technology (co-processing and re-use) has been increasing along the year, replacing industrial landfill and incinerator use. Latest numbers already show the first results concerning it (2.2% re-used and 24,5% co-processed of total produced solid garbage). Re -used numbers are resulted from pioneer partnership between CGG and fishermen communities, for their original activity. The reached results and environmental indicators show that program efficiency has been evolving, considering logistic, economic, social and environmental aspects, constantly optimized with measures to increase control. (author)

  11. Remediation Technologies for Marine Oil Spills: A Critical Review and Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Dave

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Anthropogenic activities pollute the oceans with oil through land run off, vessels accidents, periodic tanker discharges and bilge discharges. Oil spills are environmental disasters that impact human, plants and wild life including birds, fish and mammals. Approach: In this study, the International Guidelines for Preventing Oils Spills and Response to Disasters were reviewed and the characteristics of oil spills were discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of various oil spill response methods were evaluated. A comparative analysis were performed on the currently available remediation technologies using 10 evaluation criteria that included cost, efficiency, time, impact on wild life, reliability, level of difficulty, oil recovery, weather, effect on physical/chemical characteristics of oil and the need for further treatment. The advantages and disadvantages of each response method were used to determine the score assigned to that method. Results: There are many government regualtions for individual countries that serve as prevention mesures for oil spills in the offshore environment. They have to do with the design of equipment and machinery used in the offshore environment and performing the necessary safety inspections. The primary objectives of response to oil spill are: to prevent the spill from moving onto shore, reduce the impact on marine life and speed the degradation of any unrecovered oil. There are several physical, chemical, thermal and biological remediation technologies for oil spills including booms, skimmers, sorbents, dispersants, in-situ burning and bioremediation. Each technique has its advantages and disadvantages and the choice of a particular technique will depend on: type of oil, physical, biological and economical characteristics of the spill, location, weather and sea conditions, amount spilled and rate of spillage, depth of water column, time of the year and effectiveness of technique. Coclusion

  12. IMPACT OF BIOSLUDGE APPLICATION ON HEAVY METALS CONTENT IN SUNFLOWER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Slávik

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The application of decomposed substrate after continual biogas production is one of the possible ways how to use alternative energy sources with following monitoring of its complex influence on the hygienic state of soil with the emphasis on heavy metal input. The substances from bilge and drain sediments from water panels, also biosludge gained by continual co-fermentation of animal excrements belong to these compounds. The biosludge application is connected with possible risk of cadmium and lead, also other risky elements input into the soil. The analyses of applicated sludge prove that the determined heavy metals contents are compared with limitary value. These facts - hygienic state of soil, pH influence this limitary value and biosludge is suitable for soil application. The total heavy metals content in soil is related to the increased cadmium, nickel, chromium and cobalt contents. The analyses of heavy metals contents in sunflower seeds show that the grown yield does not comply with the legislative norms from the stand point of heavy metals content due to high zinc and nickel contents. Copper, cadmium, lead, chromium contents fulfil limitary values, for cobalt content the value is not mentioned in Codex Alimentarius. The nickel value in the control variant seeds is 2.2 times higher than the highest acceptable amount, then in variant where the sludge was applicated the nickel content was increased by 1.6 times. In the case of zinc there was increasing content in individual variants 4.7, or 4.8 times. The direct connection with the higher accumulation of zinc and nickel in soil by the influence of biosludge application is not definitely surveyed, the increased heavy metals contents in sunflower were primarily caused by their increased contents in soils.

  13. Femtosecond lenticule extraction for correction of myopia: a 6 month follow-up study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demirok A

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ahmet Demirok,1 Alper Agca,2 Engin Bilge Ozgurhan,2 Ercument Bozkurt,2 Ugur Celik,2 Ali Demircan,2 Nimet Burcu Guleryuz,2 Kadir Ilker Cankaya,2 Omer Faruk Yilmaz3 1Department of Ophthalmology, Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey; 2Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, 3Private Practice, Istanbul, Turkey Aims: To report our initial experience with femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEX compared with femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK. Settings and design: This was a prospective pilot study carried out at the Refractive Surgery Department of the Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Materials and methods: Surgery was performed on both eyes of 14 consecutive patients with myopia or myopic astigmatism. Patients underwent FLEX in one eye and femtosecond LASIK (FemtoLASIK in the other eye. The primary outcome was based on uncorrected distance visual acuity, corrected distance visual acuity, and spherical equivalent of the subjective manifest refraction, at 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months postsurgery. Statistical analyses were performed using PAWS Statistics 18. Unpaired Student’s t-test was used to compare the groups. Results: During the last follow-up visit (6 months postsurgery, the mean spherical was −0.37 ± 0.60 diopters (D (range −1.00 to 0.50 (P 0.05. No complications occurred during surgery or the postoperative period. Conclusion: FLEX is a safe, effective, and predictable procedure for surgical correction of myopia. Refractive results were stabilized within the first postoperative week, and visual acuities were stabilized within the first month, comparable to FemtoLASIK. Keywords: FLEX, femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis

  14. Process simulation and dynamic control for marine oily wastewater treatment using UV irradiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Liang; Chen, Bing; Zhang, Baiyu; Li, Pu

    2015-09-15

    UV irradiation and advanced oxidation processes have been recently regarded as promising solutions in removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from marine oily wastewater. However, such treatment methods are generally not sufficiently understood in terms of reaction mechanisms, process simulation and process control. These deficiencies can drastically hinder their application in shipping and offshore petroleum industries which produce bilge/ballast water and produced water as the main streams of marine oily wastewater. In this study, the factorial design of experiment was carried out to investigate the degradation mechanism of a typical PAH, namely naphthalene, under UV irradiation in seawater. Based on the experimental results, a three-layer feed-forward artificial neural network simulation model was developed to simulate the treatment process and to forecast the removal performance. A simulation-based dynamic mixed integer nonlinear programming (SDMINP) approach was then proposed to intelligently control the treatment process by integrating the developed simulation model, genetic algorithm and multi-stage programming. The applicability and effectiveness of the developed approach were further tested though a case study. The experimental results showed that the influences of fluence rate and temperature on the removal of naphthalene were greater than those of salinity and initial concentration. The developed simulation model could well predict the UV-induced removal process under varying conditions. The case study suggested that the SDMINP approach, with the aid of the multi-stage control strategy, was able to significantly reduce treatment cost when comparing to the traditional single-stage process optimization. The developed approach and its concept/framework have high potential of applicability in other environmental fields where a treatment process is involved and experimentation and modeling are used for process simulation and control.

  15. The roll damping assessment via decay model testing (new ideas about an old subject)%自由衰减模型试验的横摇阻尼评估方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Antonio C.FERNANDES; Allan C. OLIVEIRA

    2009-01-01

    The methodology to obtain the non-linear roll damping from decay tests is very old. It has been proposed by Froude in the 19th century and used from then on. Behind it there is a quadratic model for the damping and a subsequent equivalent linearization. Probably all model basin in the world follows this approach to assess the damping from a decay test. This is well documented and so is the methods to get the P1-P2 coefficients. This is very general in the sense that in principle, it could be applied to any kind of hull. However, it has become clear that for hull with a flat bottom such as a very large crude carrier (VLCC), this approach may lead to confusing results such as negative p2. Faced with this, the work presents a completely new idea. Avoiding the polynomial approximation, the basic attitude is to devise two regions from the decaying test response. The first, called the large amplitude response region yields a larger damping, probably due to the large bilge keel vortices that are attracted to the hull flat bottom. The second is the small amplitude response region where the vortices are not attracted to the bottom but travels approximately 45° sidewise. These observations has led to a new approach called the bi-linear approach as discussed in the work after analyzing several (many) model test results. In fact, a new modified bi-linear approach is ultimately proposed after the understanding of a transition region instead of a transition angle.

  16. 半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄清永

    2014-01-01

    objective to investigate the curative effect of semiconductor laser treatment of varicose veins of lower extremities. Under in the vein compound anesthesia using semiconductor laser treatment of 30 patients with varicose veins of lower limb, fol owed up for 1-17 months to observe the curative effect. Results al patients with varicose veins disappeared after operation and lower limb acid bilges feeling heavy, body pigmentation to reduce to varying degrees, itchy skin, average postoperative hospital stay was 3.3 (1-12) days. Conclusion semiconductor laser treatment of varicose veins of lower extremities has smal trauma, quick recovery, safe, effective, beautiful, shorter hospitalization time, etc.%目的:探讨半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效。在静脉复合麻下采用半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张患者30例,随访1~17个月观察疗效。结果术后全部患者曲张静脉消失,下肢酸胀沉重感觉明显改善,肢体色素沉着不同程度减轻,皮肤瘙痒缓解,术后平均住院时间为3.3(1~12)天。结论半导体激光治疗下肢静脉曲张具有创伤小、恢复快、安全、有效、美观、住院时间短等特点。

  17. Information Society and Information Technology Bilgi Toplumu ve Bilgi Teknolojisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaşar Tonta

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Terms such as "information age", "information society", "information technology", and "information superhighway" are used very often in our daily life. This is mainly due to the fact that the importance of "information" for economic and social development is continually increasing. In this paper, we review the concepts of "information society" and "information technology", and provide some figures with regards to the amount of information technology investment that is needed to establish the national information infrastructure in Turkey. As the principal task of universities has been to create and distribute information, we then look at the role of universities in information society, and summarize some of the views on information society and "networked," society. Günlük yaşantımızda "bilgi çağı", "bilgi toplumu", "bilgi teknolojisi", "bilgi alt yapısı", "bilgi otoyolu" gibi terimler sık sık kullanılmaktadır. Bunun temel nedeni günümüzde "bilg"nin ekonomik kalkınma ve toplumların gelişmesi açısından taşıdığı önemin giderek artmasıdır. Bu yazıda "bilgi toplumu" ve bilgi toplumunun temelini oluşturan "bilgi teknolojisi" kavramları incelenmekte ve ülkemizde ulusal bilgi alt yapısı kurulması için bilgi teknolojisine yapılması gereken yatırım miktarı ile ilgili bazı rakamlar verilmektedir. Toplumda bilgi üretim ve dağıtım kurumları olarak temel görev üstlenen üniversitelerin bilgi toplumundaki rolüne değinilmekte, bilgi toplumu ve "ağlaşmış" (networked toplum ile ilgili bazı görüşler kısaca özetlenmektedir.

  18. 基于标记点的激光切割中织物的变形校正方法%Distortion Correction Methods of Fabric in Laser Cutting Based on Marker

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄刚

    2012-01-01

    Fabric graphics have the problems of deformation such as heat bilges cold shrink in processing or after ironing. A single template of graphics is used to cut graphics at present, however, this algorithm cannot satisfy the need of cutting the deformed fabric. Aiming at this problem, the paper put forward the laser cutting correction method based on the marker. In this algorithm, the marker was taken as the benchmark, CCD camera was used as the tool, SSDA algorithm was adopted to find the actual coordinates which get the marker, and surface fitting was carried out with binary polynomials by the least-square method. Finally, we obtained the transform formula from the ideal image coordinates to the actual image coordinates and then acquired the cutting data of actual fabric graphics to realize the correction of cutting graphics. The experimental results show that the method can correct deformation correction of the actual coordinate of cutting graphics and effectively improve the cutting precision.%针对织物图形在加工的过程中或熨烫之后,可能存在热胀冷缩等变形的问题,目前一般采用单一图形模板切割的方法,但不能满足变形织物切割的要求,因此提出了基于标记点的激光切割校正方法.以织物中的标记点为基准,以CCD相机为工具,采用SSDA算法查找获取标记点的实际坐标,通过最小二乘法对二元多项式进行曲面拟合,获得从理想图像坐标到实际图像坐标的变换公式,得到了实际织物图形的切割数据,实现了对切割图形的校正.实验结果表明,采用激光切割方法能实现切割图形实际坐标畸变校正,有效地提高了切割精度.

  19. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is associated with severity of rheumatic mitral valve stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baysal E

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Erkan Baysal,1 Cengiz Burak,2 Serkan Cay,2 Tolga Aksu,3 Bernas Altintaş,1 Bariş Yaylak,1 Utkan Sevük,4 Önder Bilge1 1Department of Cardiology, Diyarbakir Gazi Yaşargil Education and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey; 2Department of Cardiology, Ankara Yüksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey; 3Department of Cardiology, Kocaeli Derince Education and Research Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey; 4Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Diyarbakir Gazi Yaşargil Education and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey Background: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD is a serious health concern in developing countries. Rheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS is the most long-term sequel in RHD. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR is a novel marker, and a higher NLR has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in various cardiovascular disorders. We evaluated the availability of NLR to predict severity of mitral stenosis (MS in patients with RHD. Methods: We analyzed 300 consecutive patients with RMS. The patients were divided into tertiles according to NLR: 0.85< NLR ≤1.85 (n=100, tertile 1, 1.86≤ NLR ≤2.46 (n=100, tertile 2, and 2.47≤ NLR ≤7.08 (n=100, tertile 3. Patients with RMS were divided into three groups based on the degree of MS as mild, moderate, and severe MS. After the initial evaluation, 187 patients with moderate-to-severe RMS (Group 1 and 113 patients with mild RMS (Group 2 were reassessed. Results: The patients with severe RMS had significantly elevated NLR, mean platelet volume, and pulmonary artery systolic pressure values compared to patients with moderate and mild MS (P<0.001, P<0.001, P<0.001 respectively. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis revealed that high levels of NLR was an independent predictor of severe RMS (odds ratio =0.68, P=0.008. Moderate-to-severe RMS incidence was significantly higher among patients in the tertile 3 (odds ratio =2.8, P=0.001. Conclusion: NLR is a new inflammatory marker

  20. Intracavity Laser Surgery Combined together Lauromacrogol Treatment of Lower Extremity Varicose Veins%腔内激光术联合聚桂醇治疗下肢静脉曲张的体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳群; 葛玮; 裴锐峰; 丁轶人

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the intracavity laser combined together lauromacrogol curative effect for the treatment of lower extremity varicose veins.Method Selection from May 2013 to December 2013 were 33 patients with lower extremity varicose veins (article 49 limb), application of laser cavity closure great saphenous vein trunk, lauromacrogol embolization crus superifcial veins blood vessels, observe its curative effect.Result Limb acid bilges feeling disappear or reduce obviously, shallow varicose veins disappeared, no skin burns, saphenous nerve injury, no deep vein thrombosis. 4 cases were followed up for 5-12 months (8.16%) in local recurrence of varicose veins; leg to outpatient disappears after injection of a small amount of lauromacrogol.Conclusion Intracavity laser combined together lauromacrogol treatment of varicose veins of lower extremities minimally invasive, safe, effective, complementary advantages.%目的:探讨腔内激光联合聚桂醇治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效。方法选择2013年5月至2013年12月收治的下肢静脉曲张患者33例(49条患肢),应用腔内激光闭合大隐静脉主干,聚桂醇栓塞小腿浅表曲张血管,观察其疗效。结果患肢酸胀感消失或明显减轻,浅静脉曲张消失,无皮肤灼伤,无隐神经损伤,无深静脉血栓形成。随访5~12个月4例(8.16%)出现小腿局部静脉曲张复发,予门诊注射少量聚桂醇后消失。结论腔内激光联合聚桂醇治疗下肢静脉曲张微创、安全、有效,优势互补。

  1. Orhun Yazıtlarında Anlama ve Anlatma Becerileri Comprehensive And Narrative Skills In Orkhon Inscriptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekerya BATUR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Orkhon Inscriptions are the oldest known written sources ofTurkic writing and they are bengi-stones which give information onTurkish culture, history and way of life. They were written in oratoricalstyle. They consist of information given by Bilge Khagan, Kul Tigin andVizier Tonyukuk on wars fought by the Turks against other tribes andclans; their advices and warnings relating to the survival of Turkishpeoples. They enable us to reach information about Turkish militarytradition, Turks’ perception of sovereignty, state organization, Turkishhistory, culture and customs. These inscriptions, which dated backthirteen centuries, are basis of modern Turkish in terms of sentencestructure, usage of verbs and words. There have been various studieson language characteristics of Orkhon Inscriptions, but no studies weremade directly on language education and training. In this study, theseinscriptions are analyzed in terms of four basic language skills;comprehension and narrative skills. Concepts of reading and listeningskills (comprehension skills and concepts of talking and writing skills(narrative skills are identified and examined. This study is a descriptivestudy and survey model is used. During the survey, term/word-wordgroups, which belong to comprehension and narrative skills, areidentified from the inscriptions. These term/word-word groups areclassified according to sub-categories as reading, listening, talking,writing and are subjected to content analysis. In light of these data,application of comprehension and narrative skills in OrkhonInscriptions are established. Türk dilinin bilinen en eski yazılı kaynaklarından biri olan Orhun Yazıtları, Türk kültürü, tarihi, yaşantısı hakkında bilgi veren bengü taşlardır. Bilge Kağan, Költigin ve Vezir Tonyukuk ağzından Türk milletinin o dönemde öteki millet ve kavimlerle yaptıkları savaşların, mücadelelerin anlatıldığı, Türk milletinin bekası için birtakım uyarılar i

  2. 针灸治疗脾胃气虚型功能性消化不良的临床观察%Clinical Observation of Acupuncture for Treatment of Pi Wei Qi Deficiency Functional Dyspepsia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑秀英; 宋翔; 江晓宇; 张冠中; 陈俊琦

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncturing the 3 Gastric Points (Zhongwan, Zusanli and Neiguan) and Linggu points (Dong's extra-ordinary points) on functional dyspepsia (FD). Methods 60 patients were randomly divided into acupuncture group and western medicine group.The acupuncture group was treated by the acupuncture of two-sided Neiguan and Linggu and the warming acupuncture of Zhongwan and two-sided Zusanli. The western medicine group was treated by oral domperidone.After one month's treatment, the difference of score of digestion adverse symptoms, curative effect index and adverse reaction were observed and compared. Results After the treatment, the cure rate of acupuncture and western medicine group was 26.7% and 10.0% Respectively .The general efficiency of acupuncture and western medicine treatments were 83.3% and 80.0% .respectively,showing no statistical significance difference (P>0.05). Compared with before treatment, the acupuncture group of the symptom integral of full bilge discomfort after dinner,early feel full,abdominal pain and epigastria burning sensation was decreased. However, in addition to the abdominal pain symptom integral, the other scores of western medicine group were also decreased (P<0.05).Compared with the western medicine group, the acupuncture group more obvious with improvement of abdominal pain symptoms (P<0.05). Among the acupuncture group, four cases of acupuncture point appeared hematoma.However,one case of western medicine group appeared evanescent rash and two cases appeared constipation. Conclusion Acupuncture therapy in the treatment of functional dyspepsia have unique feature, good therapeutic effect and no adverse reaction, and is worth promoting.%目的 观察针灸胃三针配合灵骨穴治疗功能性消化不良的临床效果.方法 60例患者随机分为针灸组和西药组.针灸组采用针刺双侧内关和灵骨,温针灸中脘和双侧足三里;西药组采用多

  3. Karı Çor Tigin Inscription / Karı Çor Tigin Yazıtı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz ALYILMAZ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A Chinese - Turkish (Köktürk letter Uigur language inscription that prepared on behalf of Ötüken - Uigur khanate period princes Karı Çor Tigin found in the old capital Chang’an (Xi’an of People’s Republic of China. According to reports from the inscription, Karı Çor Tigin is from Uigurs Yarlakan dynasty, Çabış Tigin’s son, Kan Tutuk’s nephew, Bögü Bilge Tengri Kan’s younger brother. He, come to in order to quell riots which began in the country to Chang’an / Xi’an participates as the imperial army “left forces commander” in T’ang Emperor Tai Tsung (Dài Zong time (in the fifth month of 794 year. Karı Çor Tigin, when he was 20 years old got sick and dies in Xi’an, in 20 May 795. T’ang Emperor Tai Tsung / Dài Zong made a mausoleum for him in Zhang Du Yuan region where today located in 10 km south-west of Xi’an and take an inscription that consist from Chinese and Turkish text on it. There are 17 lines in (Köktürk letter Uigur part of inscription that consist from two part. In this part, it is provides information about Karı Çor Tigin ancestry root and who is he and state which T’ang / Chinese Emperor made a mausoleum on behalf of him and held death ceremony in 7 June 795. In the Chinese part of inscription, they are given place to inscription of (Köktürk letter in parallel of sentences is mentioned that T’ang Emperor Tai Tsung (Dài Zong regret as death of Uigur Prince Karı Çor Tigin who staff commander at his command. Currently, Karı Çor Tigin inscription which exhibited at T’ang West Market Museum, Xi’an, be critically importance in terms of reflecting Chinese and Turks (Uigurs between historical friendship relationship and being a bilingual inscription. In this article, before status of Turk-China relationship attention served in (Köktürk Khanate and Ötüken Uigur Khanate periods; after it is examined (Köktürk letter part of Karı Çor Tigin inscription all its aspects.

  4. Cengiz Han’ın Devletinde Türk Kültürünün Etkisi ve Katkısı Effect and Contribution of Genghis Khan’s State on Turkish Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İbrahim ONAY

    2012-12-01

    , Genghis Khan was born with a blood clot held by Genghis Khan during his birth.The Mongols took most facts on state management and organization from Turkish culture. Origin of the customs known as Genghis Khan’s laws is also Turkish origin. Also it is asserted by scientists that the concepts related to state management such as law, custom, nation, flag, etc. are transmitted from Turkish language to Mongol language. It is not a fortuity that Genghis Khan chosen Otuken, capital city of the Huns, Gokturks and Uyghurs, that is, holy land of the Turks as a state center. Genghis Khan adopted the advice “The Otuken forests is a place to be adopted as a motherland” bequeathed by Bilge Kahn to Turkish in the Orhon inscriptions. He desired to make advantage of protection and observation power of Otuken as well as political and geopolitical reasons. Dünya tarihi bakımından en dikkat çeken fetih hareketlerinden biri Moğol Hakanı Cengiz Han’ın 13. Yüzyılda gerçekleştirdikleri olmuştur. Çünkü Cengiz Han’ın kurduğu devlet çok kısa bir sürede dünyanın gördüğü en büyük kara sınırına sahip devlet haline gelmişti. Bu yönüyle Cengiz Han tarihin en çok ilgi çeken şahsiyetlerinden biri olmuştur. Cengiz Han Devleti tarihini araştıran her Türk tarihçisi orada Türk kültürüne ait unsurların varlığını kolaylıkla fark edebilir. Bizim bu çalışmayı yapma nedenimiz Moğolların Gizli Tarihi adlı eser olmuştur. Eserin Uygur alfabesiyle yazıldığı düşünülen aslı tam metin halinde bulunamamış ve Çin işaretleriyle yazıldığı anlaşılan Moğolca, “Manghol-un Niuça Tobça’an” 1946 yılında Ahmet Temir tarafından Türkçe’ye çevrilmiştir. Bu eserin yazarı bilinmemekle beraber içindeki ifadelerden 1240 yılında yazıldığı anlaşılmaktadır. “Moğolların Gizli Tarihi”, Moğollar hakkında yazılan pek çok eserin ana kaynağı hükmündedir. Bu eser Cengiz Han’ın kendi soyunu, hayat hikayesini, dini

  5. 致渔民眼部灼伤的船舱内硫化氢污染调查%Investigation of the H2S contamination in cabin causing fishermen's eye burns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱定国; 王建跃; 汪云明; 马寅祥; 黄玉庚; 周常波; 唐志波

    2010-01-01

    fishermen's moderate eye burns happened. In other 7 vessels,the concentration of H2S in the cabins was (54 ±7) mg/m3 where 19 fishermen's light eye burns happened. The difference of H2 S concentration between the two groups was significant (t = 14. 236, P < 0. 05). Conclusion High H2S concentration and long exposure time in cabin can cause serious eye burns. The bilge air ventilation and inner cabin spraying are the effective method to clear the H2S in cabin within short time.%目的 调查渔民发生眼部灼伤的船舱中硫化氢(H2S)的污染情况.方法 共监测56艘渔船舱内H2S浓度,56名渔民接受眼部检查.其中,对21艘既发生渔民眼灼伤又符合监测条件的渔船进行舱内空气采样,以确定H2S灼伤眼部及全身中毒的末期浓度;并对舱内H2S浓度、舱内作业时间与眼灼伤程度之间关系进行分析;将30艘未卸鱼货渔船分为2组,分别应用鼓风、喷洒法和自然敞开法消散H2S,以确定消散H2S的有效方法.选定只有眼部球结膜轻度充血或轻微咳嗽的渔民所在5艘渔船进行单次监测,确定H2S灼伤眼、呼吸道黏膜的阈浓度.结果 56名接受眼部检查的渔民中,有46例(92只眼)发生眼灼伤,其中中度灼伤10例(20只眼)、轻度36例(72只眼),来自21艘船.21艘引起渔民眼灼伤渔船舱内H2S浓度为(99±38)mg/m3.30艘未卸货渔船舱内首次监测H2S浓度为(219±31)mg/m3;鼓喷组H2S浓度为(213±24)mg/m3,自然敞开组H2S浓度为(225±36)mg/m3;消散1.0 h后鼓喷组H2S浓度为(21±3)mg/m3,衰减(192±21)mg/m3,衰减率为90%;自然敞开组H2S浓度为(184±36)mg/m3,衰减(41±8)mg/m3,衰减率为18%;两组衰减浓度比较差异有统计学意义(t=25.627,P<0.05).渔船舱内引起渔民眼灼伤的阈浓度为38 mg/m3.暴露时间120 min,10例眼部中度灼伤渔民所在7艘渔船舱内H2S浓度为(123±9)mg/m3;19例轻度眼灼伤渔民所在7艘渔船舱内H2S浓度为(54±7)mg/m3,两组H2S浓度比

  6. 4C特色居家护理在产科的应用效果%Study of 4C characteristic home care on obstetric department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱霞; 刘晓; 朱珠; 单春剑; 夏家爱

    2015-01-01

    Objective To construct and evaluate the effects of 4C characteristic home health care services model on the health of puerperas and fetuses.Methods A total of 162 puerperas and neonates were recruited,assigned by random nember table to routine community care condition and 4C characteristic home health care condition matched on the type and degree of health condition as well as the puerperas' culture background.The health condition of puerperas and neonates were investigated and compared between the two groups 42 days after delivery.Results The incidence of breast bilges,cracked nipple,re-visit the doctor,re-admission,anxiety and depression were significantly lower in the home health care group than routine community care group [3.7% (3/81) vs.23.5% (19/81),2.4% (2/81) vs.17.3% (14/81),2.5% (2/81) vs.16.0% (13/81),1.2% (1/81) vs.16.0% (13/81),(37.35±10.72) scores vs.(41.73±10.55) scores,(39.53±13.19) scores vs.(43.94±13.44) scores,x2=21.753,18.378,8.890,11.259,t=2.621,2.108,P < 0.05 or 0.01].The success breastfeeding rates,correct rate of related knowledge and master degree of newborn,self-nursing newborn skills and puerperas and relatives' satisfaction scores were significantly higher in the home health care group than routine community care group [71.6% (58/81) vs.37.0% (30/81),95.1% (77/81) vs.59.3% (48/81),91.4% (74/81) vs.53.1% (43/81),(92.31±3.61) scores vs.(89.83±5.43) scores,x2=21.202,29.506,29.569,t=3.423,P< 0.01].In additon,the rate of re-visit the doctor,re-admission and omphalitis were significantly lower in home health care group than the routine community care group [2.5% (2/81) vs.13.6% (11/81),6.2% (5/81) vs.23.5% (19/81),4.9% (4/81) vs.22.2% (18/81),x2=6.774,9.172,9.288,P<0.01 or 0.05].Conclusions 4C characteristic home health care reduced the probability of breast problems and unhealthy emotions for the puerperas,reducing the severity of jaundice as well as omphalitis for fetuses,reducing the