WorldWideScience

Sample records for bien chiu han

  1. Privatizing Water in the Chilean Andes: The Case of Las Vegas de Chiu-Chiu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Prieto

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Chilean water model has been described as a textbook example of a free-market water system. This article contributes to the critiques of this model by showing the effect of its implementation in the Atacameño community of Chiu-Chiu, located in the Atacama Desert in the south-central Andes. In this community, the privatization of water rights ignored local water management practices that had produced a high-altitude wetland (known as a vega. This led to the inhabitants’ dispossession of crucial water rights and to wetland degradation. This process belies statements that the Chilean model relies on an unregulated market and instead highlights the state’s role in marginalizing local irrigation practices by reducing the water consumption of the indigenous population while keeping the copper mining industry (the main source of Chilean income and related growing urban populations supplied with water.

  2. Evaluation on the Efficiency of Subsurface Drainage in Chiu-Fen Landslide at Northern Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, L. Y.; Lin, D. G.

    2015-12-01

    For administrative district, the Chiu-Fen landslide is situated at northern Taiwan and comes within the jurisdiction of Ruei-Fang district, New Taipei City Government. Chiu-Fen village is a famous spot for sightseeing and tourism in Southeast Asia. In the last decade, for economic purpose, a vast area of slope land in Chiu-Fen area was reclaimed into business and commercial districts. However, due to the complicated geological and hydrological conditions, improper reclamation, and lack of appropriate soil and water conservation facilities, large scale landslides are frequently triggered by typhoon rainfall and causes damages to the transportation and residential building in the community. As a consequence, the government initiated a comprehensive field investigations and remediation plans to stabilize the landslide from 1997 and the remediation works were concentrated on subsurface drainages, namely the application of drainage well (a vertical shaft with multi-level horizontal drainage boreholes). To investigate the efficiency of drainage wells on the landslide, the A1-profile in the landslide which covers the drainage wells W2 and W4 was selected for a series of rainfall seepage and slope stability analyses. In addition, a 48-hrs design rainfall with return period of 25, 50 and 100 years based on the local meteorological data bank was adopted for the analyses. The numerical results indicate the factor safety FS of the three potential sliding surfaces within A1-profile are constantly keeping greater than one (FS > 1.0) and without decreasing with the elapsed time during rainfall. This implies that the subsurface drainage works can drain off the infiltrated rainwater from a high intensity and long duration rainfall and preserve the slope stability of landslides from deterioration. Finally, the efficiency of the drainage wells can be evaluated quantitatively in terms of the time-dependent factor of safety and the pore water pressure distribution on several potential

  3. Non-Abelian Ball-Chiu vertex for arbitrary Euclidean momenta

    CERN Document Server

    Aguilar, A C; Ferreira, M N; Papavassiliou, J

    2016-01-01

    We determine the non-Abelian version of the four longitudinal form factors of the quark-gluon vertex, using exact expressions derived from the Slavnov-Taylor identity that this vertex satisfies. In addition to the quark and ghost propagators, a key ingredient of the present approach is the quark-ghost scattering kernel, which is computed within the one-loop dressed approximation. The vertex form factors obtained from this procedure are evaluated for arbitrary Euclidean momenta, and display features not captured by the well-known Ball-Chiu vertex, deduced from the Abelian (ghost-free) Ward identity. The potential phenomenological impact of these results is evaluated through the study of special renormalization-point-independent combinations, which quantify the strength of the interaction kernels appearing in the standard quark gap and Bethe-Salpeter equations.

  4. El arte de vivir bien y dignamente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguinaga Benítez Oscar William

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Por tradición y a diferencia de otras culturas, nos han enseñado en la casa, escuela o colegio y mucho más en el trabajo a buscar amor, prosperidad, salud, felicidad y satisfacción en el exterior y jamás se nos ha hecho ver, ni se nos ha inculcado que la mayor riqueza está en el interior de cada uno de nosotros. Bien dice el doctor Dyer "se nos ha condicionado para creer que recibimos la gracia de la vida" y no para que disfrutemos de la inmortalidad de nuestro yo espiritual, se niega la opción de estar siempre acompañado de una energía que para muchos es lo divino y para otros es la conciencia.

  5. Automaticity of unconscious response inhibition: comment on Chiu and Aron (2014).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Zhicheng; Murray, Scott O

    2015-02-01

    A recent study (Chiu & Aron, 2014) suggested that unconscious response inhibition is maintained when subliminal stimuli are mixed with supraliminal stimuli that are associated with response inhibition (mixed session), but it is abolished when they are presented alone (single session). However, awareness of the subliminal stimuli is likely to differ in the 2 sessions because of priming of awareness--awareness for subliminal stimuli is elevated (e.g., no longer subliminal) when mixed with supraliminal stimuli (Lin & Murray, 2014a). Here, in a novel design, we measured the awareness level in both sessions and found that the session-dependent effect was due to an awareness difference: The effect disappeared when awareness was comparable and emerged only when awareness was different. Arguments based on the lack of correlation between awareness and unconscious effects are refuted because typical correlation analysis underestimates the true correlation because of range restriction and it speaks only about individual differences that cannot explain within-subject effects (e.g., stimulus context here). Our findings also point to an attention-based mechanism underlying priming of awareness: Supraliminal trials are less attention-demanding, allowing for more attentional resources for subliminal trials in the mixed than single sessions. We discuss 2 implications. First, unconscious effects depend on top-down task sets and bottom-up stimulus strength. Second, to properly demonstrate unconscious processing, we stress the importance of having equivalent trial sequences between the main and awareness tests, promote a conjunction method that can strengthen inference, and discuss establishing a limit for equivalence between observed and chance performance.

  6. Noam Chomsky, Le bien commun

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrand, Laure

    2014-01-01

    Le bien commun regroupe une série d’entretiens réalisés par le journaliste américain David Barsamian avec Noam Chomsky. Ils traitent essentiellement de l’approche politique et critique de Chomsky à travers les différents écrits qu’il a publiés et les conférences qu’il a données. Ainsi, nous retrouvons dans cet ouvrage les questions principales qui irriguent la pensée de l’auteur : l’économie capitaliste est-elle synonyme de liberté ? Les États-Unis - et plus largement les pays se caractérisan...

  7. Embargo de bienes y sociedad de gananciales

    OpenAIRE

    Gascón Inchausti, Fernando

    2001-01-01

    El trabajo contiene un análisis jurisprudencial de las dificultades dogmáticas y prácticas que genera el embargo de bienes pertenecientes a personas físicas casadas bajo el régimen económico de gananciales. Se distingue en función de si la deuda nació estando vigente la sociedad de gananciales o una vez disuelta, y también, por supuesto, en función del carácter privativo o ganancial del bien y de la deuda en virtud de la cual se ha despachado la ejecución.

  8. Estrategias para aprender a pensar bien

    OpenAIRE

    Monereo i Font, Carles,

    1995-01-01

    El autor explica con cierto detalle qué significa aprender a pensar bien y cómo hacer un uso apropiado del conocimiento que los alumnos poseen. En este sentido, expone algunas premisas, estrategias y procedimientos que contribuyen a ello.

  9. Review - Critical Han Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiguo Ye

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Thomas Mullaney, James Leibold, Stéphane Gros, and Eric Armand Vanden Bussche (eds. 2012. Critical Han Studies: The History, Representation, and Identity of China's Majority. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press. This path-breaking volume is an academic collaboration that emerged out of the "Critical Han Studies Conference and Workshop" at Stanford University in April 2008. Eleven scholars contributed to the question of what it means to be 'Han' in China, both historically and at present. Constituting over ninety percent of China's population, the Han are not only the largest ethnic group in China, but are also one of the largest categories of collective identity in the world. Despite this, the dominant Han group has so far eluded careful scholarly scrutiny, with the Han often referred to as an unmarked majority category in contemporary China. This volume challenges such conventional views by conceptualizing new interdisciplinary approaches to the question of Hanness. The eleven essays of the volume are divided into three themes: 'Han and China', 'The Problem of Han Origins', and 'The Problem of Han Formations'. The first theme, comprised of four essays, analyzes the ties that bind the category of Han to those of Chinese ethnicity, race, and polity. Kevin Carrico in "Recentering China: The Cantonese in and Beyond the Han" questions a single, unitary Hanness that he believes conceals "countless other perceived and imagined lines of differentiation" (25. The study examines how multiple identities...

  10. Sobre el desarrollo de la teoría de los bienes públicos locales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miltón Samuel Camelo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available La teoría de los bienes públicos locales toma forma desde la concepciónde la hipótesis de Tiebout, que es el primer planteamiento que tuvo en cuentala dimensión espacial de los bienes públicos, y constituye un mecanismo para la revelación de las preferencias sobre este tipo de bienes. Este trabajo desarrolla la analogía entre el modelo de Tiebout y el modelo neoclásico como una herramienta de dirección del trabajo y no como fin mismo pues, de lo contrario, puede terminar en una discusión ideológica que no es pertinente. Se examina el desarrollo de la teoría a través de la revisión de tópicos relevantes y aportes que han enriquecido y complementado el modelo de Tiebout; y, finalmente, describe elementos esenciales que debe incorporar la teoría para que tenga un mayor poder explicativo.

  11. La protección de bienes urbanos. Avances en la política pública de Medellín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara In��s Atehortúa-Arredondo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La problemática de la protección de bienes en el país es una pregunta obligatoria para quienes tienen dentro de su labor el reconocimiento, la restitución y la reparación de las víctimas del desplazamiento forzado. Uno de los puntos que deben analizarse dentro de esta problemática es lo concerniente a la protección de bienes urbanos y cuya responsabilidad está en cabeza de los municipios. El desarrollo de una política pública por parte de la ciudad de Medellín para la protección de bienes es un avance significativo para la construcción de protocolos y para la reivindicación de derechos de quienes han abandonado por causa de la violencia o han sido despojados de sus viviendas en lo urbano.

  12. Los Bienes Destinados al Uso General: Tratamiento Contable en Diferentes Administraciones Locales Europeas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Balaguer Coll

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Como respuesta a la necesidad de una mayor información para la gestión, los sistemas contables públicos han sido sometidos a un proceso general de reforma, especialmente en la administración local. Estas reformas afectan, entre otros, al tratamiento contable de los activos fijos. Dada la especial naturaleza que poseen algunos de estos activos, como es el caso de los bienes destinados a uso general, este artículo tiene por objeto analizar la problemática contable que tales bienes originan, mostrando diferentes posturas académicas y las prácticas contables de las entidades locales en diferentes países europeos. En general, se aprecia una clara tendencia a la presentación de mayor información sobre el activo fijo en los estados financieros, siendo el criterio de valoración más utilizado el coste histórico. Palabras clave: bienes de uso general, contabilidad pública, entidades locales europeas. ABSTRACT In response to the need for better management information, pubic sector accounting systems have been subjected to a general reform process, especially in local government. These reforms cover, among other things, accounting for capital assets. Given the special nature of some of these assets, such as community assets, this article aims to analyse the problematic roots of accounting, examining different academic positions as well as the accounting rules and practices of local authorities in different European countries. In general, there appears to be a clear tendency to present more information on capital assets in financial statements, with historic cost being the most utilised valuation criteria.

  13. Modelización de los Bienes Públicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Aguado Franco

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de los bienes públicos es bien conocida la posibilidad de que surja una ineficiencia económica debida a que los individuos puedan verse tentados a actuar como “free-riders”, mostrando una nula disposición a pagar, con la esperanza de que, si ese bien o servicio termina siendo suministrado a un individuo que lo pague, los demás van a poder disfrutarlo igualmente sin incurrir en ningún coste. Si todo el mundo obrase de esa manera, sin embargo, el bien público finalmente no sería suministrado para nadie, disminuyendo el bienestar de los interesados, salvo que el Estado decidiera hacerse cargo de su provisión. Aunque la comprensión de este planteamiento es inmediata, la plasmación en un modelo de esta realidad, sin embargo, no es tan sencilla. Así, dependerá de los supuestos adicionales que realicemos, tanto de la función de producción del bien público (véase al respecto por ejemplo, Sandler, 1992; Marwell y Oliver, 1993; Heckathorn, 1996 o Kollock, 1998 como de la interrelación existente entre los individuos interesados, lo que nos llevará a la consideración de distintos dilemas, como, entre otros, el del voluntario o el del altruista (Diekman, 1985; Rapoport, 1988; Heckathorn, 1991; Weesie, 1993; Goetze, 1994; Weesie, 1994. En este trabajo se examina la conveniencia de la aplicación de unos u otros modelos en función de las circunstancias presentes en cada caso particular. Palabras clave: bienes públicos, dilemas sociales.

  14. Propriété, biens publics mondiaux, bien(s commun(s : Une lecture des concepts économiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Ballet

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available La notion de bien public mondial s’est développée ces dernières années. Elle renvoie à un dépassement ambigu de la notion usuelle dans la théorie économique de bien public. A cette occasion elle ouvre le débat sur l’équité en complément de l’efficience. De ce fait, la confrontation de cette nouvelle notion avec l’analyse de l’efficience des régimes de propriété s’impose. Par ailleurs, la confrontation avec la notion de bien commun, notion elle aussi en développement, éclaire l’enjeu autour de l’équité.Property, Global Public Goods, Common Good(s : A Lecture. The concept of global public good emerged these last years. It proposes, in an ambiguous way, to go beyond the usual concept of public good. Then, added to usual questions on efficiency, the debate on fairness becomes a stake. Confrontation with analysis on property rights command attention, Furthermore, confrontation with the concept of common good, also a developing concept, highlight stake around fairness.

  15. Special issue: Hans Bethe

    CERN Multimedia

    Gottfried, Kurt

    2005-01-01

    "There are a handful of people who soar, whose accompalishments are so off-scale as to nearly defy belief. Hans Bethe (2 July 1906 - 6 March 2005) was of that caliber. As just one measure of his stature, imagine the task of copying his published opus by hand, for that is how he wrote most of it" (2 pages)

  16. Hans Christian Andersen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    2007-01-01

    The Danish author, Hans Christian Andersen, living in the 1800s expressed through his fairy tales and other stories an enthusiasm for the technological breakthroughs in that century with trains, etc. But he also showed great concern for what the natural science did to people by narrowing their mind...

  17. Hans Grauert: Mathematician Pur

    CERN Document Server

    Huckleberry, Alan

    2010-01-01

    This article was written on the occasion of Hans Grauert receiving the Cantor Medallion of the Deutsche Mathematische Vereinigung. It is a brief overview of his mathematical contributions and attempts to convey the author's great respect for the man and his science.

  18. CONTROL DE INVENTARIO DE BIENES MUEBLES EN LA GERENCIA REGIONAL DE SALUD, AREQUIPA, 2010

    OpenAIRE

    REVILLA VELA, DELFINA LUISA

    2014-01-01

    VERIFICACIÓN EN EL CONTROL DE INVENTARIOS BIENES MUEBLES VERIFICACIÓN DE LA TASACIÓN EN EL CONTROL DE INVENTARIOS BIENES MUEBLES VERIFICACIÓN DE LA CODIFICACIÓN EN EL CONTROL DE INVENTARIOS BIENES MUEBLES VERIFICACIÓN DEL ETIQUETADO EN EL CONTROL DE INVENTARIOS BIENES MUEBLES VERIFICACIÓN DE LA REGULARIZACIÓN EN EL CONTROL DE INVENTARIOS BIENES MUEBLES VERIFICACIÓN DE LA CONCILIACIÓN EN EL CONTROL DE INVENTARIOS BIENES MUEBLES APRECIACIÓN GLOBAL SOBRE EL CONTROL DE INVENTARIO DE BIENES MUEBLE...

  19. Hans Bethe's early life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Jeremy

    2012-10-01

    In 1937, two years after he moved to the US to escape Nazi persecution, the physicist Hans Bethe sent a letter to his mother in Germany. In it, he wrote, "I think I am about the leading theoretician in America. [Eugene] Wigner is certainly better and [Robert] Oppenheimer and [Edward] Teller probably just as good. But I do more and talk more and that counts too."

  20. Tribute to Hans Sann

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    1945-2003 Hans Sann, an internationally recognized scientist, beloved colleague and friend, died in a tragic car accident, on May 27th, on one of his many travels to CERN. Employed at GSI, in Darmstadt, since 1979, Hans Sann devoted most of his scientific career to the development of large size gas detectors for nuclear and high-energy physics experiments at GSI, CERN and Berkeley. One of his main achievements, among many others, was the famous MUSIC detector, on which several projects at GSI, Berkeley and other research Institutes were based. The innovative results obtained in the study of the fluid-gas transition in nuclear matter would not have been possible without his contribution and the application of the MUSIC detector. A member of the ALICE Collaboration since 1996, Hans was leading two main ALICE sub-programmes, the development of the gas system and the cooling system for the TPC detector. In addition, he was involved in the development of a new technological concept for the resistor chain of the ...

  1. Industrias de bienes de consumo buscan el éxito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ernesto Ramírez

    1987-04-01

    Full Text Available Requerimientos críticos para el éxito competitivo de las empresas, cuando se desarrolla su sistema de negocios: El caso de industrias seleccionadas de bienes de consumo en Colombia. Joseph Ganitsky Brandwayn. (Tesis de doctorado, Harvard University, School of Business Administration, 1974 University Microfilm International. Ann Arbor (Michigan. 1983, 317 páginas; 28 cuadros, 4 apéndices. (Disponible en la Biblioteca Luis Angel Arango.

  2. The Hans Tausen drill

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Sigfus Johann; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Steffensen, Jørgen Peder

    2007-01-01

    In the mid-1990s, excellent results from the GRIP and GISP2 deep drilling projects in Greenland opened up funding for continued ice-coring efforts in Antarctica (EPICA) and Greenland (NorthGRIP). The Glaciology Group of the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, was assigned the task...... of providing drilling capability for these projects, as it had done for the GRIP project. The group decided to further simplify existing deep drill designs for better reliability and ease of handling. The drill design decided upon was successfully tested on Hans Tausen Ice Cap, Peary Land, Greenland, in 1995...

  3. Singer Han Hong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KIRIN; KID

    2000-01-01

    HAN Hong had a happy childhood in the beautiful Xigaze City, Tibet. From the children's chorus, the military art troupe, the Prize Winning Competition on TV, up to the institute of art, she has never stopped singing. The difference to other singers her age is that she not only wishes to be a singer but a composer. Not satisfied with just singing the songs of others, she began expressing her happiness and sadness by writing her own. Finally she finished her first collection Rays in Tibet, which is the fi...

  4. Interview Hans Blix

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The Thorium Energy Conference, ThEC13, ran from 27 to 31 October at CERN, addressing the scientific and technical advances offered by thorium – a silvery white metal four times more abundant than uranium in the Earth's crust – in alternative nuclear technologies for energy production and for the destruction of nuclear waste. Conference Chair Egil Lillestol invited Swedish diplomat and politician Hans Blix to talk about "Thorium Nuclear Power and Non-Proliferation". In a career spanning more than 50 years, Blix has been head of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission. During the 1990s, CERN has been pioneering thorium technologies research with experiments instigated by Nobel laureate Carlo Rubbia, testing the basic concepts of a thorium-fuelled reactor driven by a proton accelerator.

  5. "Bien Común" base del desarrollo de las organizaciones

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Texto correspondiente a la Clausura del Curso de Desarrollo Directivo de la Universidad de Alcalá El papel de la Universidad es orientarse al desarrollo de la persona y de su futuro. Y ello tiene lugar dentro de comunidades, corporaciones, empresas en las que su éxito depende de la capacidad individual y social de la creación de ¿bien común¿, que permite generar las bases para compartir. Sólo cuando hay una base compartida, este es el intangible por excelencia, pueden con...

  6. Entendiendo el flujo de bienes intermedios en el nuevo siglo: hechos estilizados para explicar la especialización vertical

    OpenAIRE

    Domínguez, Juan Pablo

    2015-01-01

    El comercio mundial ha mostrado tasas de crecimiento constante durante los últimos 30 años. El proceso de globalización y la entrada al mercado de nuevas economías, como en el caso de China, ha dado una nueva dinámica del comercio en el sistema. Ésto ha tenido repercusiones en muchos ámbitos del mundo económico y político, muchos han acusado a China de tener competitividad "excesiva" en sus productos, que a su vez ha afectado a otras economías. Este trabajo analiza el flujo de bienes intermed...

  7. Hans Jürman 85 : Hans Jürman: kes ma olen? / Hans Jürman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürman, Hans, 1923-2014

    2010-01-01

    Hans Jürmani lapsepõlvest, kooliaastatest ning ülikooliajast. Olles hariduselt eesti filoloog on Hans Jürman töötanud ka apteekrina ja õpetajana, kuid suurema osa oma elust raamatukogudes, põhiliselt Tallinna Keskraamatukogus ja Eesti NSV Riiklikus Avalikus Raamatukogus, viimasel ajal tegeleb terminoloogiaga

  8. Learning Han Cultures on Horseback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The "Think Tank in the Plain of Golden Lotuses" played important roles in the founding of the Yuan Dynasty.It came into being because of the enthusiasm of Kublai towards Han cultures and his political ambitions.

  9. La desprotección de bienes culturales: Enajenación de bienes públicos; la descatalogación

    OpenAIRE

    Bermúdez Sánchez, Javier

    2015-01-01

    En principio la enajenación de bienes culturales de las Administraciones públicas está expresamente prohibida. Sin embargo, se ha planteado la posibilidad de descatalogar los bienes para proceder a continuación a su enajenación. La jurisprudencia es muy restrictiva al respecto, dado que califica como actuación reglada de la Administración el dejar sin efectos la catalogación de los bienes culturales, como asimismo la catalogación. A partir de la regulación y jurisprudencia solo...

  10. Los bienes comunes intangibles en el capitalismo cognitivo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Ramis Olivos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Este texto analizará críticamente la actual fase económica para mostrar la importancia de los bienes comunes intangibles. Sondea la tesis de un nuevo modo de producción «en ciernes», basado en la gestión colaborativa. Analiza los intangibles de acuerdo a su calidad y carácter. Compara los sistemas de patentes y derechos de propiedad intelectual que permiten su apropiación y las resistencias a su «comoditización» desde el software libre y las propuestas de flexibilización de derechos de autor. Advierte sobre el «fetichismo tecnológico» y propone un marco mínimo de discernimiento en dilemas vinculados a estas materias. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;}

  11. The Hazard Notification System (HANS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snedigar, S. F.; Venezky, D. Y.

    2009-12-01

    The Volcano Hazards Program (VHP) has developed a Hazard Notification System (HANS) for distributing volcanic activity information collected by scientists to airlines, emergency services, and the general public. In the past year, data from HANS have been used by airlines to make decisions about diverting or canceling flights during the eruption of Mount Redoubt. HANS was developed to provide a single system that each of the five U.S. volcano observatories could use for communicating and storing volcanic information about the 160+ potentially active U.S. volcanoes. The data that cover ten tables and nearly 100 fields are now stored in similar formats, and the information can be released in styles requested by our agency partners, such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Currently, HANS has about 4500 reports stored; on average, two - three reports are added daily. HANS (at its most basic form) consists of a user interface for entering data into one of many release types (Daily Status Reports, Weekly Updates, Volcano Activity Notifications, etc.); a database holding previous releases as well as observatory information such as email address lists and volcano boilerplates; and a transmission system for formatting releases and sending them out by email or other web related system. The user interface to HANS is completely web based, providing access to our observatory scientists from any online PC. The underlying database stores the observatory information and drives the observatory and program websites' dynamic updates and archived information releases. HANS also runs scripts for generating several different feeds including the program home page Volcano Status Map. Each observatory has the capability of running an instance of HANS. There are currently three instances of HANS and each instance is synchronized to all other instances using a master-slave environment. Information can be entered on any node; slave nodes transmit data to the master node

  12. Ciberciudadanía, cultura y bienes públicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez, J. Francisco

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Net society is provoking dramatic changes in several aspects of our daily life as cultural traits, business and the more disparages spheres of privacy and social life. We must attend both to freedom of access and to new services generation because of the peculiar form public goods are raising in the Net. To supersede individual capability limitations and to diffuse digital and cultural gaps, electronic government could be a cultural decisive tool in this phase of cibersociety enhancement. Technologies enhanced the human capabilities, as well as with the social actions and its framework, including cultural production and management. Technologies are also transforming the generation, reproduction and transmission of (social knowledge.La sociedad red transforma la vida cotidiana, las diversas manifestaciones culturales, los negocios, las esferas más diversas de la vida privada y social. La forma en que se generan los bienes públicos en la red exige una preocupación explícita por la libertad de acceso y la generación de nuevos servicios, que ayuden a superar limitaciones de los individuos y faciliten desdibujar las diversas brechas digitales y ciberculturales. El gobierno electrónico resulta culturalmente decisivo en esta fase de expansión de la cibersociedad. Las tecnologías amplían las capacidades humanas, expanden el espacio y las formas de acción social, incluidas la producción y gestión cultural. También producen cambios en las formas de generación, reproducción y transmisión del conocimiento (social.

  13. En italiensk ridder, hans våpen hans styrke, hans seier og hans fall : Il Cavaliere - Silvio Berlusconi

    OpenAIRE

    Stokke, Alfhild

    2013-01-01

    Denne prosjektoppgavens hovedperson er Silvio Berlusconi. Min hoved-problemstilling er hvordan en av Europas største økonomier har kunnet la seg lede av en så omstridt leder i så mange år. Gjennom underproblemstillingene har jeg diskutert Berlusconi i lys av teori rundt karismatisk og narsissistisk lederskap. Jeg har også sett på hvordan han har taklet det politiske spiller og hvordan han tilegnet seg og utøvet makt. Jeg har anvendt hermeneutikk som metode og foretatt intervjuer med noen utva...

  14. Economía institucional de un bien mayor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar A. Alfonso Roa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La provisión de los servicios de acueducto y alcantarillado en Colombia ha sido sometida, desde 1994, a una terapia consistente en la promoción de un modelo empresarial que se abre paso a costa de la estigmatización del municipio como mal prestador y como asignador ineficiente de unos recursos escasos. a quince años de operación del modelo empresarial y en desarrollo del Acto Legislativo 04 de 2007, el Gobierno nacional ha introducido otra reforma, en esta oportunidad al Sistema General de Participaciones, esgrimiendo en la exposición de motivos los mismos argumentos de antaño, cuando en verdad mediante la prestación directa de los municipios sólo se provee de estos servicios a una porción minoritaria de la población urbana del país. En la primera parte se discute la noción del agua potable como bien mayor y en la segunda se presenta una breve síntesis de la evolución institucional de la provisión del agua potable en colombia. en la tercera parte se discuten algunos rasgos centrales del proceso de urbanización de la población colombiana a la que se sirve con el servicio de acueducto mientras que en la última se analiza la coyuntura reciente con énfasis en la crítica a la reforma introducida por el acto Legislativo 04 de 2007. este artículo propone otros puntos de vista para criticar, además de la reforma en curso, las fallas de un esquema de provisión cifrado en un enfoque empresarial sometido a una inocua regulación, que no logra conciliar los intereses de ampliación de las ganancias de las empresas de servicios públicos con las aspiraciones sociales en materia de universalización y calidad de los servicios de acueducto y alcantarillado.

  15. REYNER BANHAM: LA ARQUITECTURA DEL ENTORNO BIEN CLIMATIZADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel López-Peláez

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El libro The Architecture of the Well-tempered Environment fue publicado por Reyner Banham en The Architectural Press (Londres, 1969 con la participación de The University of Chicago Press que imprimiría su segunda edición inglesa en diciembre de 1984, cuatro años antes de que muriese su autor, y que es la edición que hoy puede adquirirse.Las ideas de “sostenibilidad” y “eficiencia energética” son actualmente un lugar común, una referencia casi necesaria en tantas aportaciones teóricas, y el empleo repetido de esos términos puede llegar a vaciarlos de contenido real. Por ello quizá sea útil revisar las historias que se han aproximado a estos temas para vincularlos a la arquitectura y que, en sí mismas, llegan a construir un hilo conductor, una historia dentro de la propia historia. Los trabajos de Lewis Mumford y Sigfried Giedion se unen al de Reyner Banham para tratar de entender mejor las aportaciones con respecto a la relación entre arquitectura y técnica, y contrastar sus acuerdos y desacuerdos teniendo muy presente la época en que se escribieron.

  16. Bien común y ética pública: Alcances y límites del concepto tradicional de bien común

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorando J. Michelini

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el concepto de bien común se ha hecho referencia, a través de la historia, a aquellos bienes materiales e inmateriales que no se circunscriben a una persona sino que remiten a todos y cada uno de los miembros de la sociedad. Entre esos bienes suelen contarse elementos básicos para la supervivencia humana biológica, como el aire y el agua, pero también el derecho a participar en el usufructo de los bienes de la cultura. En algunos casos, el bien común es equiparado al bienestar general; en otros, a la suma de intereses particulares o al beneficio de la mayoría, como cuando se busca el mayor bien para el mayor número posible de individuos. Más allá de las diversas interpretaciones, la promoción del bien común sigue siendo en la actualidad un objetivo clave del Estado en el ideario democrático y un tema recurrente de la ética pública. En lo que sigue, se reconstruye críticamente el concepto tradicional de bien común, haciendo especial referencia a las obras de Platón, Aristóteles y Santo Tomas, con el fin de sentar bases para una nueva comprensión de la idea de bien común en sociedades pluralistas y democráticas.With the concept of commom good reference has been made, along history, to those material and immaterial goods which are not circumscribed to a person, but remit to each and every member of society. Among those goods, basic elements for biological human survival, such as air and water, are usually included, but also the right to participate of the profits of cultural goods. In some cases, commom good has been made equivalent to common wellfare; in others, to the summation of particular interests or to the benefit of the majority. Beyond the diverse interpretations, the promotion of common good continues at present to be a key aim of State in the democratic ideary and a recurrent issue in public ethics. In what follows, the concept of traditional common good has been reconstructed, making special reference to the

  17. "Vivir Bien" y pobreza multidimensional. ¿Es posible una conciliación conceptual?

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed Eid; Javier Aliaga Lordemann

    2013-01-01

    Este documento explica cómo el concepto de Vivir Bien constituye un paradigma prevalente, no estructurado en todos los niveles paradigmáticos, lo que hace que no pueda considerarse como un paradigma de desarrollo sincrético y global. Además, los autores encuentran que si bien existe un vínculo entre el enfoque de capacidades y el concepto de Vivir Bien, una medición de éste, via un indicador de pobreza multidimensional, no es posible, dadas las complejidades intrínsecas en la postulación de u...

  18. Bien écrire en affaires savoir rédiger pour être lu et convaincre

    CERN Document Server

    Berrou, Jean-Paul

    1991-01-01

    Ce qu'il faut savoir pour bien rédiger ses écrits professionnels au travers d'une démarche méthodique pour bien organiser sa pensée en vue d'écrire efficacement, de conseils et de techniques pour être compris à coup sûr et être lu jusqu'au bout avec intérêt. Agrémenté de nombreux exemples concrets.

  19. HansTriebel访谈录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Antonio Caetano; Dorothee Haroske; 李天虹(译); 黄飞敏(校)

    2010-01-01

    Hans Triebel(1936年2月7日出生于Dessau)已于2001年从Friedrich—Schiller—Universitat Jena(德国耶拿市弗里德里希·席勒大学)退休.在1962年获得博士学位和1966年获得教授资格(Habilitation)之后,他在该校当了超过30年的分析领域的讲座教授.

  20. TRASMISIÓN DE BIENES Y REGISTRO DE LA PROPIEDAD EN ESPAÑA (SEGUNDA PARTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Sánchez Cebrián

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La circulación de los bienes en el tráfico jurídico por la voluntad de los particulares es un tema crucial que interesa, no sólo a las partes del contrato, sino, a todos en general, y, en particular, a los acreedores del transmitente o del adquirente y a los terceros adquirentes de derechos sobre el bien. En este trabajo se analizará el régimen de trasmisión de los bienes por negocio inter vivos en el Derecho español, dentro del marco europeo, y con particular referencia a la trasmisión inmobiliaria. España adopta un peculiar sistema de trasmisión de los bienes porque se establecen reglas genéricas cuya aplicación se da con independencia de la naturaleza mueble o inmueble del bien; pero a su lado se superponen otras que tratan de fijar los efectos de la publicidad registral inmobiliaria. La coordinación entre dichas reglas produce un original resultado, que puede constituir el punto de encuentro de los diversos sistemas registrales europeos.

  1. Bienes públicos y cooperación regional para el desarrollo : Una nueva mirada

    OpenAIRE

    Sandler, Todd

    2013-01-01

    En el presente artículo se ofrece un nuevo enfoque sobre los bienes públicos y el papel que desempeñan en la promoción del desarrollo sustentable y la cooperación en el ámbito de América Latina. En primer lugar, se describen las características esenciales de los bienes públicos (no rivalidad y no exclusión de beneficios, y tecnología de agregación de la oferta pública) y su influencia en la prognosis de la provisión de bienes públicos regionales. Desde el punto de vista de la acción colectiva...

  2. La preservación de bienes culturales en el Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires (UBA)

    OpenAIRE

    De Grazia, Amalia; Guidobono, Eugenia; Mayoni, María Gabriela; Wortley, Ana

    2010-01-01

    A partir del año 2007 se dio lugar en el Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, proyectos de Revalorización de Bienes Culturales enfocados en la recuperación de material didáctico. La misión de un Plan Integral de Preservación incluye los trabajos de documentación, conservación preventiva y restauración de los bienes culturales, así como la difusión de criterios utilizados y toda aquella información necesaria para el entendimiento de los procesos realizados. Uno de los objetivos fundamentales fue ...

  3. FacturaBien : Sistema de gestión de facturación y contabilidad

    OpenAIRE

    García Núñez, Marcos

    2015-01-01

    El presente documento describe en detalle el proyecto de desarrollo de una aplicación web de gestión, llamada 'FacturaBien'. Esta aplicación permite realizar todas las tareas asociadas a la gestión administrativa de la actividad empresarial de una manera eficiente y cómoda, automatizando un gran número de tareas. Aquest document descriu en detall el projecte de desenvolupament d'una aplicació web de gestió, anomenada 'FacturaBien'. Aquesta aplicació permet realitzar totes les tasques assoc...

  4. Non-Toxic HAN Monopropellant Propulsion Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Non-toxic monopropellants have been developed that provide better performance than toxic hydrazine. Formulations based on hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN) have...

  5. bien reconocida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Prat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el año 2014 se conmemora el décimo aniversario de la muerte del Profesor Ramón Margalef. En este artículo se hace un repaso a las publicaciones realizadas por el Dr. Margalef, que llegan a un total de 563 trabajos. La temática dominante de los mismos es la ecología acuática, tanto marina como de agua dulce, y mayormente centrados en los estudios de plancton. Sus trabajos están sobre todo publicados en castellano, en catalán y, en menor medida en inglés, en casi 100 revistas diferentes de todo tipo (desde revistas divulgativas a científicas. Destacan por número los artículos publicados en las revistas “Investigación Pesquera” y “Publicaciones del Instituto de Biología Aplicada”, aunque numéricamente los capítulos de libros y las actas de congresos dominan sus trabajos. De todos estos trabajos, 383 se encuentran citados en la “Web of Science” con un promedio cercano a las 100 citas por año, destacando su trabajo de 1978 sobre las formas de vida del fitoplancton, que sigue siendo muy citado (más de 50 citas por año y con tendencia incluso a crecer en el tiempo. Es destacable el poco conocimiento que se tiene de sus libros (con excepción del primero que publicó en inglés titulado “Perspectives in Ecological Theory”, de 1968. A pesar del gran reconocimiento internacional que tuvo Margalef en vida, hoy en día parece que su obra es en gran parte desconocida por los ecólogos del siglo XXI. Su nombre ha desaparecido de los libros de texto de ecología y una de sus grandes aportaciones a la ecología moderna (introducir la teoría de la información en Ecología y el índice de Shannon-Weaver como medida de diversidad no aparece en los manuales de ecología.

  6. COLONIALISM, HAN & ECO-THEOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Ji-Sun Kim

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, nations exhibit imperial behaviour but not like the ancient agriculture driven landed empires or the 18-19th century mercantile empires. The land and trade divisions are not as clearly segregated as in the earlier ones, but Imperial nations do exist and do control other nations. Imperialism and colonialism has devastating effects on our world. It has nurtured self-worth through the accumulation of worldly goods for the purposes of serving their own interests and exploiting others for the sole purpose of self-gain. This is devastating not only to human beings but to the whole ecology of the planet. Consumerism drives trade, but consumer buying is now like an unchained beast with tooth and claw causing han for the exploited as well as the resources of the planet. Eco-theologians and feminist theologians examine the devastating effects to help ensure that we are seriously determined to preserve the planet. We will examine ways of rethinking and reimagining our errors and how we can work towards the right direction for a safer, sustainable planet. doi: 10.7833/111-1-15

  7. VALORACIÓN ECONÓMICA DE BIENES AMBIENTALES POR BENEFICIARIOS CIRCUNDANTES Y NO CIRCUNDANTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio G Villena

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La pregunta básica de investigación detrás de este trabajo es cómo difiere la valoración económica de un bien ambiental considerando beneficiarios circundantes (quienes viven cerca del bien en cuestión y no circundantes (quienes habitando el país donde se encuentra el bien, viven en poblaciones distantes y por tanto disfrutan esporádicamente de los beneficios provistos por el bien ambiental. En particular, en este documento se valora económicamente el Bosque de Algarrobos de la comunidad de Tiataco (Bolivia, realizando un análisis comparativo entre beneficiarios circundantes (familias residentes en la comunidad de Tiataco y beneficiarios no circundantes (familias residentes en la ciudad de Cochabamba, a 35 Km de Tiataco, a través del Método de Valoración Contingente con formato binario. Se estimaron medidas de cambio en el bienestar para ambos grupos, empleando estimaciones paramétricas y no paramétricas. Posteriormente, estas medidas se compararon estadísticamente por medio de la construcción de intervalos de confianza (entre estimaciones paramétricas y no paramétricas de cada población y entre ambas poblaciones. Por último, se identificaron los componentes del valor económico total que los beneficiarios tanto circundantes como no circundantes asignaron al bosque.

  8. Arrendamiento de bienes inmuebles, su tratamiento en el impuesto al valor agregado

    OpenAIRE

    Guarda, Pablo Alberto

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo intenta destacar el tratamiento brindado por el Impuesto al Valor Agregado (IVA) al arrendamiento o locación de bienes inmuebles, mostrando en detalle, las distintas modalidades llevadas a cabo en la práctica por locadores y locatarios. Fil: Guarda, Pablo Alberto. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales; Argentina.

  9. El reconocimiento de las personas con discapacidad. Posibilidad de acceso a los bienes culturales

    OpenAIRE

    Argento Nasser, Ana

    2010-01-01

    Este es un trabajo empírico-conceptual que procura analizar cómo es el real reconocimiento que tienen las personas con discapacidad a institucional. El presente artículo se centra, para delimitar el campo, en el reconocimiento que tienen a nivel cultural, específicamente en el acceso a los bienes culturales.

  10. Mental Health and Well-Being across the Military Spectrum (Bien-etre et sante mentale dans le milieu militaire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    Apr 2011 Mental Health and Well-Being across the Military Spectrum ( Bien -être et santé mentale dans le milieu militaire) Research and Technology...Spectrum ( Bien -être et santé mentale dans le milieu militaire) Papers presented at the RTO Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium held in...research be conducted to demonstrate the usability of these technologies in real world settings. ES - 2 RTO-MP-HFM-205 Bien -être et santé

  11. Atributos característicos de las marcas de bienes de lujo Atributos característicos de las marcas de bienes de lujo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Mario Uribe Saldarriaga

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una síntesis de la investigación desarrollada por el autor como trabajode grado en el Magíster en Ciencias de la Administración de la Universidad EAFIT. La investigación se centra en la identificación y comprensión de los atributos que caracterizan a las marcas de bienes reconocidas como de lujo, mediante la aplicación de la metodología de investigación denominada análisis de contenido, a una muestra de conveniencia de sitios web de dichas marcas. La investigación se circunscribe al ámbito de estudio del mercadeo y utiliza sus diferentes conceptos para determinar tanto el marco de referencia como la caracterizaciónde los atributos de las marcas de bienes de lujo.This article is a synthesis of the research study conducted by the author as a requirement for the MSc in Management at EAFIT University. The objective in this research is to identify and understand the attributes that characterize brands, acknowledged as luxury goods. The content analysis was chosen as the research method for studying a convenience sample of luxury brand sites on the Internet.  This research study is developed in the marketing field, and its different concepts were adopted as the reference framework.

  12. Usurpaciones de bienes concejiles en Salamanca durante el Reinado de los Reyes Católicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Isabel LÓPEZ BENITO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La realidad económica-social castellana de la Edad Moderna se caracterizó por ser fundamentalmente agraria. Un porcentaje muy elevado de la población activa del Reino trabajaba en el campo, y de él procedía el grueso de las rentas que sustentaban la vida nacional. En la mayoría de los municipios castellanos, junto a las posesiones particulares y junto a aquellas otras que teóricamente pertenecían al rey, existieron las llamadas "tierras concejiles" (o "comunitarias" como prefieren otros autores. Dentro de ellas había que distinguir los "bienes comunales", libremente aprovechados por los vecinos del término municipal, y los "bienes de propios", que el concejo alquilaba a particulares a cambio de una renta que resolvía diversos gastos de la Administración local.

  13. Le « bien-être animal », pourquoi pas ?

    OpenAIRE

    Priolon, Joël

    2011-01-01

    À moins d’être parfaitement insensible au sort réservé aux animaux sauvages ou domestiques, chacun de nous est intéressé par la question du bien-être animal. Être intéressé, et c’est d’emblée un point essentiel, n’implique pas de sombrer dans la passion. Posons donc ceci : la question du bien-être animal peut parfaitement être abordée de manière sereine, ce que Jocelyne Porcher semble nier dès son premier paragraphe ; mais nous ne nous laisserons pas enfermer dans ce type de stratagème rhétor...

  14. La publicidad de bien público y la educación sexual en Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Alfonso, Eduardo Alejandro; Paz Enrique, Luis Ernesto

    2016-01-01

    La prevención es una premisa de la educación en salud cubana. Se plantean como objetivos del estudio identificar las características del diseño gráfico cubano para la prevención de las ITS y diseñar una propuesta de bien público basado en nuevos criterios estéticos. El estudio clasifica como investigación aplicada. Se utilizan métodos en los niveles teóricos y empíricos para la recogida de información. La investigación analiza las campañas de bien público orientadas a la prevención de las inf...

  15. EL PATRIMONIO COMO REPRESENTACIÓN COLECTIVA: LA INTANGIBILIDAD DE LOS BIENES CULTURALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Marcos Ar\\u00E9valo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Enfocado desde la perspectiva de la antropología social, el artículo se estructura en torno a los conceptos de tradición, bienes culturales intangibles y representación de la memoria social. Desde planteamientos críticos el trabajo revisa textos fundamentales y analiza y valora los documentos que sobre patrimonio inmaterial ha hecho público la UNESCO en los últimos quince años.

  16. Santé et biens communs : un regard de juriste.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Moine-Dupuis

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available La santé constitue un domaine dans lequel les notions de bien commun ou de bien public mondial sont particulièrement pertinentes. Il faut cependant préciser de quels biens il est question. A titre d’exemple, le droit français comporte des notions susceptibles de qualifier le droit aux soins (comme droit inaliénable, ou le médicament, objet de propriété intellectuelle comme de propriété « traditionnelle ». Un droit international des biens de santé peut de la même manière être fondé sur un droit d’usage de chacun sur la molécule qui est la même dans le médicament générique et celui de marque. Une procédure d’accès équivalent aux produits, brevetés ou non, pourrait être mise en œuvre par principe dès la découverte, afin de parvenir rapidement à des prix équitables.Health is a field particularly suitable for notions as commons or public goods. It is necessary however to know which goods may be concerned. For instance, French lawyers use concepts which can be used in order to qualify right to care (as an inalienable right, or medicine as an object of intellectual property as well as “traditional” one. An international law for health goods could be also based on a right of use for each person on the molecule which is the same in the generic drug or in the patented one. A process of “equivalent access” to licensed or free products could be initiated, from the discovery itself to the use, in order to obtain rapidly fair prices.

  17. Hans Christian Andersen ja Põhjamaade muinasjutud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Narva kultuurimajas etendub teater Varius etendus "Jutustan teile oma lugu", mis põhineb Hans Christian Anderseni elulool. Põhjamaade Ministrite Nõukogu esindus Eestis kingib Narva Linnavalitsusele 20 venekeelset Põhjamaade muinasjuttude kogumikku

  18. Producir conocimiento: una discusión entre la propiedad privada y los bienes comunes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz H. Amador Lesmes

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un análisis sobre el fortalecimiento de los dispositivos globales de control en Colombia representados en los sistemas de información de Colciencias. Este hecho habría llevado a su naturalización en las prácticas de los investigadores condicionando las formas de investigar y producir conocimiento. Se busca señalar que estos dispositivos operan a favor de una racionalidad global hegemónica en la cual los bienes intelectuales se asumen y se tratan como bienes privados y objetos del mercado. Esta se contrasta con algunas prácticas emergentes donde la producción de bienes intelectuales se genera a partir de otras lógicas que comprenden el trabajo en relación con la cooperación y la creatividad, desde lo que Virno y Lazzarato llaman trabajo vivo, en especial a través de los usos de Internet.

  19. OF THE COMMON GOOD TO THE COMMON GOOD OF HUMANITY. DE LOS BIENES COMUNES AL BIEN COMÚN DE LA HUMANIDAD.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Houtart.

    2014-06-01

    éndum sobre el agua (uno de los bienes comunes en Italia, la Fundación Rosa Luxemburgo tomó la decisión de organizar una Conferencia sobre el concepto del Bien Común de la Humanidad, para promover una reflexión sobre los vínculos entre las dos nociones y de integrar las reivindicaciones y las luchas sociales para un cambio de sociedad, escenario en el que se enmarca éste artículo.

  20. El podcast bien entendido en curso intensivo es más divertido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsiao, Du-Lu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Trabajar con podcast en clase de español supone una novedad para los estudiantes de un curso intensivo de nivel B1. En el presente estudio se recogen las impresiones y valoraciones de los alumnos al enfrentarse por primera vez a estos materiales reales alojados en la red. Las actividades para trabajar estos podcasts en clase han sido diseñadas dentro de un marco didáctico y han sido integradas para alcanzar nuestro objetivo: reforzar las cuatro destrezas en un curso intensivo de tres horas diarias durante diez días consecutivos. A través de una serie de cuestionarios y diarios hemos recogido datos que nos sirven para comprobar qué destrezas han sido las más beneficiadas durante el proyecto.

  1. Autorización para la venta de los bienes de propiedad de los menores de edad en sede notarial

    OpenAIRE

    Corrales León, Jaime Augusto

    2016-01-01

    Por disposición de la ley, los bienes del menor deben ser conservados ante la imposibilidad de su titular para decidir sobre los mismos; es así que el artículo 297 del Código Civil establece que “No se podrán enajenar ni hipotecar en caso alguno los bienes raíces del hijo, aún pertenecientes a su peculio profesional, sin autorización del juez, con conocimiento de causa”. Los padres quienes ejercen la patria potestad sobre el hijo menor de edad o aquel que administre los bienes por mandato ...

  2. DERECHO INTERNACIONAL PRIVADO Y CONVENIO UNIDROIT DE 24 DE JUNIO DE 1995 SOBRE BIENES CULTURALES ROBADOS O EXPORTADOS ILEGALMENTE

    OpenAIRE

    Calvo Caravaca, Alfonso Luis; Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.

    2004-01-01

    El presente estudio analiza el convenio sobre los bienes culturales ro- bados o exportados ilícitamente, hecho en Roma el 24 de junio de 1995 y elaborado por UNIDROIT. Dicho convenio traza un sistema jurídi- co para lograr la restitución de tales bienes por iniciativa de las partes interesadas o de los estados, según los casos, construyendo una nueva “cultura legal” sobre el tratamiento jurídico de los bienes culturales en los circuitos internacionales del artículo El alcance-espacial del con...

  3. Food as a source of dioxin exposure in the residents of Bien Hoa City, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schecter, Arnold; Quynh, Hoang Trong; Pavuk, Marian; Päpke, Olaf; Malisch, Rainer; Constable, John D

    2003-08-01

    Recently, elevated dioxin levels, over 5 parts per trillion (ppt) 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), from Agent Orange was reported in 95% of 43 selected residents of Bien Hoa City, a city in southern Vietnam near a former air base used for Agent Orange-spraying missions. Agent Orange herbicide, contaminated with TCDD, was sprayed in Vietnam between 1962 and 1971 primarily for use as a defoliant. Typical blood TCCD levels are 2 ppt in Vietnamese, but levels are as high as 413 ppt in Bien Hoa City. Elevated TCDD was found in children born many years after Agent Orange spraying ended and in immigrants from non-Agent Orange-sprayed parts of Vietnam, which documented new exposures. Extremely elevated soil TCDD samples, over 1 million ppt, and elevated TCDD in sediment were found in some nearby areas such as Bien Hung Lake. The primary route of intake of almost all dioxins in humans is food. However, in our prior studies in Bien Hoa, food was unavailable for dioxin analysis so the route of intake was not confirmed. In the 1970s, while Agent Orange was still being sprayed, elevated human milk TCDD levels as high as 1850 were detected in milk from Vietnamese people living in Agent Orange-sprayed areas where consumption of fish was high. Furthermore, also in the 1970s, elevated TCDD levels (up to 810 ppt) were found in fish and shrimp from the same area as the milk donors. In the 1980s, we found elevated TCDD and also other organohalogen levels in human tissue, pork, fish, a turtle, and a snake in Southern Vietnam. For these reasons, we recently collected food from Bien Hoa and analyzed it for dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), DDT and its metabolites, and other organochlorines. We found marked elevation of TCDD, the dioxin characteristic of Agent Orange, in some of the food products, including ducks with 276 ppt and 331 ppt wet weight, chickens from 0.031-15 ppt wet weight, fish from 0.063-65 ppt wet weight, and a toad with 56 ppt wet weight. Usual TCDD

  4. El reconocimiento de los bienes de dominio público: El caso de los municipios portugueses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Catarino Rua

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objeto: Este trabajo tiene por objetivos analizar el mencionado en el POCAL (1999, en las NICSP del IPSASB y en diversas opiniones doctrinales con respecto al reconocimiento de los bienes de dominio público (BDP, así como verificar si existen problemas inherentes al reconocimiento de los BDP en Portugal, superables con la adopción de las NICSP. Diseño/metodología/Enfoque: Para este estudio, fue efectuada una revisión de literatura, de la posición del POCAL (1999, de las NICSP del IPSASB, y de la perspectiva doctrinal, con respecto al reconocimiento de los bienes de dominio público. Además, se realizó un estudio de la evolución de los valores de los bienes de dominio público, de los años 2006 a 2013, del total de los 308 municipios portugueses, para concluir acerca de la existencia de dificultades en el reconocimiento de estos activos y de la necesidad de adoptar los normativos internacionales. Aportaciones y Resultados: En algunos municipios portugueses, el proceso de inventario aún no está concluido, existiendo dificultades con respecto al reconocimiento de los BDP. Dichas dificultades resultan de que el POCAL (1999 no presenta los requisitos para el reconocimiento de los activos; problema superado en la NICSP nº 17 del IPSASB (2006b, que refiere esos requisitos. Adoptar un nuevo Sistema de Normalización Contable aplicable a la Administración Pública (SNC-AP, basado en las NICSP, puede ser la solución para dichas cuestiones, introduciendo criterios a considerar en el reconocimiento de los activos, que aseguren la comparabilidad de la información y de los valores del patrimonio de los municipios portugueses. Limitaciones: La inexistencia de criterios de reconocimiento a seguir por los municipios trae limitaciones al nivel de la comparabilidad de los valores de los diferentes componentes del activo presentados por los varios municipios. Valor añadido: Este trabajo nos enseña que, en Portugal, aún existen problemas con

  5. La promesa de compraventa de bienes inmuebles y el derecho de propiedad

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Gaspar, Jimmy Roman

    2015-01-01

    El contrato de promesa de bienes inmuebles en la legislación ecuatoriana, es un instrumento fundamental e indispensable en el ámbito económico jurídico y social de las personas, por lo cual resulta evidente y necesario revisar la normativa y su aplicación en el derecho ecuatoriano. En los juzgados y Salas de administración de justicia existe un número alarmante de demandas por incumplimiento o ineficacia de la promesa de compraventa, que obedece a factores propios de los contratantes y a l...

  6. Priorización Ejidal De Criterios Sobre Bienes Públicos: El Caso De Caminos Rurales

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Flores, Francisco Javier; Martín Fernández, Susana; Cadena Iñiguez, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo se fijó como objetivo definir las preferencias de la población sobre el mantenimiento de los caminos rurales como vías de flujo de bienes y servicios que usan cotidianamente, para ello se presenta un modelo de participación de la sociedad rural donde se integra la opinión de los beneficiarios en el mantenimiento de los caminos rurales basado en un proceso de análisis jerárquico que valora la importancia de criterios económicos, sociales y ambientales

  7. Die biene und ihre produkte in der kunst und im alltagsleben (Fruhchristliche und byzantinische Zeit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liveri Angeliki

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Die vorliegende Arbeit ist in zwei Teile geteilt: den kunst- und kulturhistorischen Teil. Im ersten Teil werden Darstellungen uber Bienen Bienenzucht, Honig und Wachs seit der fruhchristlichen bis zur spatbyzantinischen Zeit vorgefuhrt. Daher ist es als Beitrag in der "Ikonographie" der Biene wahrend dieser Zeit zu verstehen. Im kulturhistorischen Teil werden Informationen uber die Bienenzucht, den Handel mit Honig und Wachs sowie ihre vielfaltige Anwendung von der byzantinischen Gesellschaft an Hand der primaren Quellen, des Standes der Forschung und der archaologischen Funden erwahnt. Damit ist erwunscht ein moglichst gutes Bild der byzantinischen Bienenzucht wieder zu geben und die Nutzung der Bienenprodukte in Byzanz anschaulich zu machen.

  8. A structural query system for Han characters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skala, Matthew

    2016-01-01

    The IDSgrep structural query system for Han character dictionaries is presented. This dictionary search system represents the spatial structure of Han characters using Extended Ideographic Description Sequences (EIDSes), a data model and syntax based on the Unicode IDS concept. It includes a query...... language for EIDS databases, with a freely available implementation and format translation from popular third-party IDS and XML character databases. The system is designed to suit the needs of font developers and foreign language learners. The search algorithm includes a bit vector index inspired by Bloom...

  9. Memoria sobre la Red de Estudio y Enseñanza Interdisciplinar del Gobierno del Bien Común

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo en red docente ha servido para cuestionar y proponer la reformulación de la enseñanza y la investigación universitaria a partir del “gobierno del bien común”. Desde la Red se ha pretendido reformular el concepto de “bien público” como “bien común” para recalcar el uso común de dichos bienes y la necesidad de su conservación en buen estado para asegurar dicho uso, y evitar las peligrosas “privatizaciones encubiertas”. De ahí que nuestra Red a través de sus distintas discipl...

  10. Diálogos entre feminismos y Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien : distintas perspectivas, múltiples puntos de encuentro

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo surge del diálogo entre distintos saberes y conocimientos, con el objetivo de identificar principalmente las convergencias entre el Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien y los feminismos latinoamericanos. Iniciamos este trabajo considerando las ideas centrales del enfoque del Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien y sus mecanismos de traducción concreta en las reformas constitucionales de Bolivia y Ecuador. Luego, nos detenemos en las confluencias –aunque identificando al...

  11. Vite et bien 1 A1/A2 : méthode rapide pour adultes

    CERN Document Server

    Miquel, Claire

    2009-01-01

    Vite et bien s'adresse à des adultes pressés et impatients de communiquer avec succès en français ! Le vocabulaire est simple et usuel et les thèmes, variés, pour faire face, efficacement, à toutes les situations de la vie quotidienne et professionnelle. Livre + CD audio et corrigés inclus. La méthode rapide Vite et bien 1 permet à la fois d'apprendre le français et de découvrir la réalité de la vie en France, les différences culturelles, le langage de la vie quotidienne, le tout en un temps record. En effet, le premier volume couvre, en vingt unités, les niveaux A1 et A2 du Cadre Européen de référence (CECR). Ainsi, en 100 à 120 heures de cours selon les publics, il sera possible d'acquérir une bonne base de grammaire et de vocabulaire, claire, simple, fonctionnelle, et de se sentir à l'aise dans la communication orale et écrite. L'ouvrage s'adresse aux vrais et et aux faux débutants, constituant donc un outil d'apprentissage et/ou de rafraîchissement des connaissances. Chacune des v...

  12. Restauración del Capital Natural: sin reservas no hay bienes ni servicios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Aronson

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Una de las ideas más innovadoras y atractivas que se están acuñando en la actualidad está relacionada con la necesidad que tiene la humanidad de preservar y manejar los recursos naturales o capital natural - remanente e invertir en la restauración del capital natural (RCN degradado para reincorporarlo a la cadena de bienes y servicios que la sociedad requiere. En este artículo, presentamos definiciones y conceptos básicos, para mostrar como la RCN es un enfoque más amplio en relación al propuesto en la restauración ecológica de ecosistemas naturales. Damos a conocer estudios de caso, como ejemplos del enfoque de la RCN, y su impacto sobre el suministro de bienes y servicios en Argentina, Colombia, México y Chile. Terminamos con una breve discusión y algunas recomendaciones para la investigación y el desarrollo de la RCN a nivel local, regional y global.

  13. Applied Mathematics, the Hans van Duijn way

    CERN Document Server

    Peletier, Mark A

    2012-01-01

    This is a former PhD student's take on his teacher's scientific philosophy. I describe a set of 'principles' that I believe are conducive to good applied mathematics, and that I have learnt myself from observing Hans van Duijn in action.

  14. Obituary: Hans Albrecht Bethe, 1906-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijers, R.

    2007-01-01

    One of the unquestioned giants of physics and astrophysics, Hans Bethe, died on 6 March 2005, at the venerable age of 98, in his home town of Ithaca, New York. Seven decades of contributing to research and a Nobel Prize for his work on stellar hydrogen burning make a listing of his honors superfluou

  15. Hans Eysenck (1916-1997): A Tribute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    1997-01-01

    Hans Eysenck, who died in September 1997, was one of the most well-known psychologists in the world. A believer that intelligence is genetically controlled, Eysenck recognized the need for scientific investigation in the study of intelligence and creativity. He was characterized by extraordinary creativity and commitment to his scientific message.…

  16. Hans Tausen: Kampen for en dansk Luther

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreyer, Rasmus Hoeg Colbjørn

    2011-01-01

    , hvis teologi bl.a. Hans Poulsen Resen identificerede som 'zwingliansk'. Pietismen og rationalismen (i en anden halvdel af det 18. århundrede) forsvarede derimod Tausen og benævnte ham endog 'den danske Luther' (Erich Pontoppidan), pga. det de antog at være særligt 'lutherske' aspekter i Tausens teologi...

  17. Written Treasures of the Mawangdui Han Tomb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    BEFORE paper-makingwas invented in China,bamboo or wooden slipsand silk were used for writtenmaterials.The following an-cient writings were all doneon bamboo slips:documentsunearthed in the Chu tombs inBaoshan in Hubei Province;Artof War by Sunzi,a famousChinese classic about militarystrategy and tactics,unearthedin the Han tombs in Yinques-

  18. Commemorate World-Famous Writer Han Suyin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2014-01-01

    <正>November 2,2013 marked the 1 st anniversary of the passing of the famous Anglo-Chinese writer Han Suyin.A memorial meeting jointly sponsored by the Sichuan Provincial People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(SIFA),the Sichuan Provincial Writers Association and the Culture and Sport Bureau of

  19. Hans Pöhl - Estlandssvenskarnas hövding = Hans Pöhl - rannarootslaste eestvõitleja / Torkel Jansson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jansson, Torkel, 1947-

    2011-01-01

    Raamatututvustus: Hans Pöhl - Estlandssvenskarnas hövding : en biografi över Hans Pöhl (1876-1930), estlandssvenskarnas främste företrädare och ledare = Hans Pöhl - rannarootslaste eestvõitleja : Hans Pöhli (1876-1930), Eesti rootslaste vaimse liidri ja valgustaja elulugu. (Stockholm ; Tallinn, 2010)

  20. An interview with Mark G. Hans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolognese, Ana Maria; Palomo, Juan Martin; Miyashita, Kunihiko; Nojima, Lincoln Issamu; Nojima, Matilde da Cunha Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    It is a great honor to conduct an interview with Professor Mark G. Hans, after following his outstanding work ahead of the Bolton-Brush Growth Study Center and the Department of Orthodontics at the prestigious Case Western Reserve School of Dental Medicine (CWRU) in Cleveland, Ohio. Born in Berea, Ohio, Professor Mark Hans attended Yale University in New Haven, CT, and earned his Bachelor of Science Degree in Chemistry. Upon graduation, Dr. Hans received his DDS and Masters Degree of Science in Dentistry with specialty certification in Orthodontics at Case Western Reserve University. During his education, Dr. Hans' Master's Thesis won the Harry Sicher Award for Best Research by an Orthodontic Student and being granted a Presidential Teaching Fellowship. As one of the youngest doctors ever certified by the American Board of Orthodontics, Dr. Hans continues to maintain his board certification. He has worked through academics on a variety of research interests, that includes the demographics of orthodontic practice, digital radiographic data, dental and craniofacial genetics, as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, with selected publications in these fields. One of his noteworthy contributions to the orthodontic literature came along with Dr. Donald Enlow on the pages of "Essentials of Facial Growth", being reference on the study of craniofacial growth and development. Dr. Mark Hans's academic career is linked to CWRU, recognized as the renowned birthplace of research on craniofacial growth and development, where the classic Bolton-Brush Growth Study was historically set. Today, Dr. Hans is the Director of The Bolton-Brush Growth Study Center, performing, with great skill and dedication, the handling of the larger longitudinal sample of bone growth study. He is Associate Dean for Graduate Studies, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Orthodontics, working in clinical and theoretical activities with students of the Undergraduate Course from the School of Dental

  1. Comment on "Radiocarbon Calibration Curve Spanning 0 to 50,000 Years B.P. Based on Paired 230Th/234U/238U and 14C Dates on Pristine Corals" by R.G. Fairbanks, R. A. Mortlock, T.-C. Chiu, L. Cao, A. Kaplan, T. P. Guilderson, T. W. Fairbanks, A. L. Bloom, P

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reimer, P J; Baillie, M L; Bard, E; Beck, J W; Blackwell, P G; Buck, C E; Burr, G S; Edwards, R L; Friedrich, M; Guilderson, T P; Hogg, A G; Hughen, K A; Kromer, B; McCormac, G; Manning, S; Reimer, R W; Southon, J R; Stuiver, M; der Plicht, J v; Weyhenmeyer, C E

    2005-10-02

    Radiocarbon calibration curves are essential for converting radiocarbon dated chronologies to the calendar timescale. Prior to the 1980's numerous differently derived calibration curves based on radiocarbon ages of known age material were in use, resulting in ''apples and oranges'' comparisons between various records (Klein et al., 1982), further complicated by until then unappreciated inter-laboratory variations (International Study Group, 1982). The solution was to produce an internationally-agreed calibration curve based on carefully screened data with updates at 4-6 year intervals (Klein et al., 1982; Stuiver and Reimer, 1986; Stuiver and Reimer, 1993; Stuiver et al., 1998). The IntCal working group has continued this tradition with the active participation of researchers who produced the records that were considered for incorporation into the current, internationally-ratified calibration curves, IntCal04, SHCal04, and Marine04, for Northern Hemisphere terrestrial, Southern Hemisphere terrestrial, and marine samples, respectively (Reimer et al., 2004; Hughen et al., 2004; McCormac et al., 2004). Fairbanks et al. (2005), accompanied by a more technical paper, Chiu et al. (2005), and an introductory comment, Adkins (2005), recently published a ''calibration curve spanning 0-50,000 years''. Fairbanks et al. (2005) and Chiu et al. (2005) have made a significant contribution to the database on which the IntCal04 and Marine04 calibration curves are based. These authors have now taken the further step to derive their own radiocarbon calibration extending to 50,000 cal BP, which they claim is superior to that generated by the IntCal working group. In their papers, these authors are strongly critical of the IntCal calibration efforts for what they claim to be inadequate screening and sample pretreatment methods. While these criticisms may ultimately be helpful in identifying a better set of protocols, we feel that there are

  2. Hans Teiv : mina sellel kohal igavuse üle ei kurda / Hans Teiv ; interv. Heli Salong

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teiv, Hans

    2004-01-01

    Saare maavanema kohusetäitja ja kandidaat Hans Teiv hindab oma võimalusi saada ametisse kinnitatud, räägib oma tegevusest maavalitsuse osakonnajuhataja ja maakonna juhina ning tutvustab Saaremaa arenguvisioone

  3. Hans Lepp : ainult tänu kodueestlastele on Eesti olemas / Hans Lepp ; interv. Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepp, Hans, 1950-

    2007-01-01

    Rootsi instituudi praegune kultuurinõunik Hans Lepp töötas esimese kultuuriatasheena taas avatud Rootsi suursaatkonnas. Töötamisest Rootsi instituudis, riigi välispoliitikast, suhetest Venemaaga, aprillisündmustest jm

  4. Transforming han: a correlational method for psychology and religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Whachul

    2015-06-01

    Han is a destructive feeling in Korea. Although Korea accomplished significant exterior growth, Korean society is still experiencing the dark aspects of transforming han as evidenced by having the highest suicide rate in Asia. Some reasons for this may be the fragmentation between North and South Korea. If we can transform han then it can become constructive. I was challenged to think of possibilities for transforming han internally; this brings me to the correlational method through psychological and religious interpretation. This study is to challenge and encourage many han-ridden people in Korean society. Through the psychological and religious understanding of han, people suffering can positively transform their han. They can relate to han more subjectively, and this means the han-ridden psyche has an innate sacredness of potential to transform.

  5. El Régimen Fiscal de los bienes de la Iglesia durante el siglo IV

    OpenAIRE

    Santos Yanguas, Narciso

    2011-01-01

    El patrimonio de la Iglesia, aunque remonta en sus orígenes a las comunidades cristianas de los 3 primeros siglos, no tendría un reconocimiento oficial hasta la época de Constantino. A continuación lo consolidaría el emperador Constancio II mediante la aplicación de exenciones fiscales. Dicho patrimonio se incrementaría a través de la apropiación de los templos paganos y de sus bienes, a pesar de la fase de regresión que supone la época de Juliano (361-363). A lo largo del siglo IV el Códi...

  6. The global warming, public goods and carbon market; Calentamiento global, bienes publicos y mercado de carbono

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quadri de la Torre, Gabriel [EcoSecurities (Mexico)

    2007-07-15

    The global warming is an issue of the public goods, and demands an outstanding multilateral action, which must to ensure both efficiency and unchanging transition towards an economy of low intensity of carbon. The new system, which is going to replace the Kyoto Protocol, will have compromises for the developing countries and deep implication in the relative competitivity of the nations and companies. [Spanish] El calentamiento global es un problema de bienes publicos que exige una extraordinaria accion multilateral. Esta debe asegurar eficiencia y una transicion fluida hacia una economia de baja intensidad de carbono. El nuevo sistema que sucedera al Protocolo de Kyoto significara compromisos para los paises en vias de desarrollo, y tendra profundas implicaciones en la competitividad relativa de naciones y empresas.

  7. Evolución y factores del consumo de bienes duraderos en tiempos de crisis prolongadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Omar Dabbagh Rollán

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En las llamadas sociedades de consumo, como es el caso de la española, el elemento sustentador de la misma es el propio consumo. Es por ello que se vuelve imprescindible en situaciones de crisis económica como la actual analizar cómo evoluciona el mismo y determinar qué factores intervienen en él con el fin de prever futuros comportamientos e, incluso, tomar medidas para incentivar aquellos que se considere más oportuno. En este estudio, a partir del estudio de la encuesta del Indicador de Confianza del Consumidor del CIS, se pretende analizar estos aspectos en el consumo de bienes duraderos que se realiza en España en los dos últimos años.

  8. Public health assessment of dioxin-contaminated fish at former US airbase, Bien Hoa, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durant, James T; Boivin, Thomas G; Pohl, Hana R; Sinks, Thomas H

    2015-01-01

    Ponds at the former US airbase at Ben Hoa, Vietnam are contaminated with Agent Orange. The ponds had been used for aquaculture, and in all likelihood, fish from those ponds have been sold to the public. We assessed human exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) in fish samples from the ponds. For on-base tilapia, muscle concentrations 2,3,7,8-TCDD ranged from 1.4 to 32.7 pg/g. Fat concentrations ranged from 73.3 to 3990 pg/g. Estimated human exposure doses exceed international guidelines and exceed 2,3,7,8-TCDD's lowest adverse effect levels. The Bien Hoa fishponds are a completed human pathway for TCDD exposure.

  9. Hans Viertler: professor, cientista, gestor e amigo Hans Viertler: professor, scientist, manager and friend

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jailson B. de Andrade

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Hans Viertler, a visionary, an example of institutional commitment, a great scientist, excellent and dedicated teacher, highly respected as a professional and admired for his leadership, wisdom, generosity, good humor, professional capacity, and balance. A life dedicated to the consolidation of Chemistry in Brazil, the teaching chemistry, the IQ-USP, the Brazilian Chemical Society (SBQ and the CRQ-fourth region. Hans, a friend with a heart bigger than himself!

  10. Bienestar subjetivo, renta y bienes relacionales. Los determinantes de la felicidad en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iglesias Vázquez, Emma

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper we analyze the determinants of happiness proxying by subjective welfare. The main objective is twofold: on the one hand, to put to the test the Easterlin’s paradox (the lack of a direct relationship between income and subjective wellbeing at aggregate level and, on the other hand, to weight influence of relational goods in determining happiness. The analytical framework adopts the perspective of happiness economics and the empirical evidence is derived from the estimation of a microeconometric function of happiness applying a Logit model both when using cross sectional and panel data. The results show that in Spanish society income plays a secondary and subjective role, while other variables that are associated directly or indirectly to relational goods are revealed to be very important.En el presente trabajo se analizan los determinantes de la felicidad, entendida esta como satisfacción subjetiva revelada. El principal objetivo tiene un doble componente: por un lado, se trata de contrastar la paradoja de Easterlin para la sociedad española (ausencia de un vínculo directo entre el incremento de la renta per capita y la evolución del bienestar subjetivo revelado a nivel agregado y, por otro, evaluar el papel que desempeñan los bienes relacionales como determinantes de la felicidad. El marco analítico adoptado se encuadra dentro de la denominada happiness economics y la evidencia empírica se deriva de la estimación de una función microeconométrica de la felicidad aplicando un modelo Logit tanto en cortes temporales como en datos de panel. Los resultados obtenidos permiten concluir que en España el ingreso desempeña un papel secundario y subjetivo, mientras que se revelan como importantes las variables asociadas directa o indirectamente a los bienes relacionales.

  11. Codicia y bien público: los ministros de la Audiencia en la Lima seiscentista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de la Puente Brunke, José

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The Administration agent was a complex figure in Colonial Peru. This article aims to discuss that complexity, focusing its analysis on the Ministers of Lima’s Audiencia during the Seventeenth century. The concepts of greed (codicia and public good (bien público will be considered in that context, posing some ideas concerning the peculiar way of «selling» judicial posts, known as beneficio. The activities of some of the Audiencia’s Ministers in Lima will be discussed, trying to offer more references on their role in the viceregal society, as well as on their contemporaries’ perception regarding them.

    El presente artículo pretende ofrecer una visión de la complejidad de la figura del agente de la administración pública en el Perú virreinal, centrando su análisis en los ministros de la Audiencia de Lima en el siglo XVII. Como punto de partida, se presentan testimonios a través de los cuales se percibe la tensión entre la «codicia» y el «bien público», y en ese contexto se plantean algunas reflexiones sobre el beneficio de oficios de justicia. Luego se analizan las actividades de algunos de esos ministros en la Lima de entonces, y se busca ofrecer mayores referencias con respecto a su papel en la sociedad virreinal, y en cuanto a la visión que sobre ellos tenían sus contemporáneos.

  12. An interview with Mark G. Hans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hans, Mark G; Nojima, Matilde da Cunha Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    It is a great honor to conduct an interview with Professor Mark G. Hans, after following his outstanding work ahead of the Bolton-Brush Growth Study Center and the Department of Orthodontics at the prestigious Case Western Reserve School of Dental Medicine (CWRU) in Cleveland, Ohio. Born in Berea, Ohio, Professor Mark Hans attended Yale University in New Haven, CT, and earned his Bachelor of Science Degree in Chemistry. Upon graduation, Dr. Hans received his DDS and Masters Degree of Science in Dentistry with specialty certification in Orthodontics at Case Western Reserve University. During his education, Dr. Hans’ Master’s Thesis won the Harry Sicher Award for Best Research by an Orthodontic Student and being granted a Presidential Teaching Fellowship. As one of the youngest doctors ever certified by the American Board of Orthodontics, Dr. Hans continues to maintain his board certification. He has worked through academics on a variety of research interests, that includes the demographics of orthodontic practice, digital radiographic data, dental and craniofacial genetics, as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, with selected publications in these fields. One of his noteworthy contributions to the orthodontic literature came along with Dr. Donald Enlow on the pages of “Essentials of Facial Growth”, being reference on the study of craniofacial growth and development. Dr. Mark Hans’s academic career is linked to CWRU, recognized as the renowned birthplace of research on craniofacial growth and development, where the classic Bolton-Brush Growth Study was historically set. Today, Dr. Hans is the Director of The Bolton-Brush Growth Study Center, performing, with great skill and dedication, the handling of the larger longitudinal sample of bone growth study. He is Associate Dean for Graduate Studies, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Orthodontics, working in clinical and theoretical activities with students of the Undergraduate Course from the School of

  13. Hans Wolter - a pioneer of applied optics

    CERN Document Server

    Schrimpf, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Applied optics was one of the major topics Hans Walter was engaged in during his scientific life. He contributed to the understanding of optical properties of thin films, which could be used to design coating layers to improve the properties of optical and other surfaces. He developed the theoretical description of the basic principles of phase-contrast, schlieren and interference optics applied to enhance low contrast details and to increase the resolution in studies of biological samples. And last, but not least, Hans Wolter proposed an optical system of two grazing--incidence mirrors for use in an X--ray imaging microscope. A microscope using such an optics never was put into practice, but the optical design turned out to be well suited for telescopes.

  14. Nontoxic Hydroxylammonium Nitrate (HAN) Monopropellant Propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKechnie, Timothy N.

    2015-01-01

    Nontoxic monopropellants have been developed that provide better performance than toxic hydrazine. Formulations based on HAN have superior performance as compared to hydrazine with enhanced specific impulse (Isp), higher density and volumetric impulse, lower melting point, and much lower toxicity. However, HAN-based monopropellants require higher chamber temperatures (2,083 K vs. 883 K) to combust. Current hydrazine-based combustion chamber technology (Inconel® or niobium C103 and silicide coating) and catalyst (Shell 405) are inadequate. In Phase I, state-of-the-art iridium-lined rhenium chambers and innovative new foam catalysts were demonstrated in pulse and 10-second firings. Phase II developed and tested a flight-weight thruster for an environmentally green monopropellant.

  15. Hans Strand:大地诗人

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    烁朱; Hans; Strand

    2012-01-01

    Hans Strand与很多摄影家不同。在他整个青少年时期,都和摄影没有任何瓜葛,第一次拍照甚至到了大学快毕业的时候。但是,这并不妨碍他后来成为举世瞩目的自然摄影家。这位1955年出生于瑞

  16. The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Wolfgang Drechsler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Drechsler, Wolfgang, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    Rets.rmt.: The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer : a review of the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Lewis Edwin Hahn, ed. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1997. (The Library of Living Philosophers, vol. XXIV)

  17. La elasticidad precio del café mexicano: un modelo para una canasta de bienes, 1976-2000

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Plantea el problema de la estimación de las elasticidades precio de la demanda marshalliana, para cualquier bien a partir de canastas de bienes interdependientes y se hace una aplicación al caso del café mexicano, en el periodo 1976-2000. Desde la formulación del concepto de elasticidad por Alfred Marshall en 1886 hasta la actualidad, se ha dado un notable desarrollo en los métodos de estimación. En este artículo se utilizó el Modelo de Demanda Casi Ideal (Almost Ideal Demand System o AIDS) q...

  18. Valuación de Bienes de Uso en el Marco de las Nuevas Normas Contables Profesionales

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Respecto a la valuación de los Bienes de Uso el abandono de los valores corrientes, reemplazado por valores históricos, sacrifica los requisitos de aproximación a la realidad, verificabilidad y confiabilidad de la información. Al mismo tiempo, se contradice con Normas Internacionales de Contabilidad (IAS) hacia las que supuestamente buscaba armonizar, ya que éstas (IAS 16) admiten revalorizaciones y desvalorizaciones, con énfasis en mostrar, en todo momento, el fair value de los Bienes de Uso...

  19. Variables del capítulo IV en ISR para la enajenación de bienes inmuebles

    OpenAIRE

    Ochoa León, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    Nuestro trabajo pretende orientar e identificar cuales son las obligaciones y responsabilidades del contribuyente para calcular los impuestos que se causen, tanto en sus pagos provisionales como en la declaración anual, conforme a la ley del impuesto sobre la renta y las diversas disposiciones reglamentarias, que son aplicables en la enajenación de bienes inmuebles. En el cálculo del impuesto por la enajenación de bienes inmuebles, nos damos cuenta de que la responsabilidad no es solo del con...

  20. Hans Kruusi seotusest kodu-uurimisliikumisega / Eva Maaring

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maaring, Eva

    2011-01-01

    Uks kodu-uurimise valdkonda paotus Hans Kruusile Tartu Õpetajate Seminaris õppides 1910. aastal. 1920. aastatel elavnes Tartus teaduslik kodu-uurimine, hakkasid ilmuma koguteosed. Ajaloolasena oli nendes oma osa H. Kruusil. 1958. aastal sai Hans Kruusist Eesti NSV TA juures tegutseva kodu-uurimise komisjoni esimees. Hans Kruusi tabavaid ütlusi

  1. Rannarootslaste suurmees Hans Pöhl / Olev Liivik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivik, Olev, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Estlandssvenskarnas hövding. En biografi över Hans Pöhl (1876-1930), estlandssvenskarnas främste företrädare och ledare = Hans Pöhl - rannarootslaste eestvõileja : Hans Pöhl (1876-1930), Eesti rootslaste vaimse liidri ja valgustaja elulugu. Stockholm, 2010

  2. Hans Kolb的实时系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    德国家族企业Hans Kolb Wellpappe GmbH&Co.KG公司致力于制造瓦楞设备,多年来,一直使用Kiwiplan公司的生产执行系统(MES)。最近,公司决定将品质检测记录电子化,以提高其运行速度、精准性和操作便利性,便采购了Kiwiplan公司的质量管理系统(QMS)模块。

  3. De las cenizas a la Red: el Periodismo como bien común

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Sendín Gutiérrez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Sampedro nos ofrece y comparte –porque el libro se puede leer en partes también en la red– no sólo y fundamentalmente un alegato a favor del periodismo, sino además, una defensa de un nuevo poder ciudadano y de una nueva democracia. Desde las primeras líneas el lector se siente sacudido por el alto voltaje de los datos, los personajes y el análisis perspicaz de la transformación social que parece apuntarse, pero que hasta ahora nadie había sabido traducir en palabras. Palabras que a veces parecen querer levantar por las solapas al que lee, como diciendo, “entérate, está pasando ahora y es importante que lo descubras”, mientras desarrolla ideas a las que vuelve y recalca, pasados los capítulos, en un ejercicio circular que pretende dejar clara –y lo consigue– la tesis central: ya existe una nueva forma de periodismo entendido como bien común (sí, al igual que el agua o el aire que respiramos, libre, de código abierto y mancomunado. Aire nuevo para una sociedad desencantada, para un periodismo en busca de modelos y para unas aulas donde se forman los futuros profesionales en una universidad maltratada, pero quizá por ello, también sumida en la conformidad de un saber rutinario.

  4. Sociedad conyugal. partición: adjudicación de bien propio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Bagdassarian

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El objeto del presente apunta al estudio, de la viabilidad y fundamentalmente a la naturaleza jurídica de la adjudicación de un bien propio de uno de los cónyuges, al otro, en la partición, en la hipótesis de la disolución de la sociedad conyugal. No obstante, para abordar el tema concreto consideramos necesario. algunas breves referendas a determinados aspectos de la sociedad conyugal y concretamente a la partición en general.Contenido: Introducción. Concepto de negocio jurídico. Partición. Ubicación de la partición en la clasificación de los negocios jurídicos. Efecto declarativo retroactivo de la partición. Aplicación del art.1151 C.C. a la partición de la sociedad conyugal. Presupuestos de la partición y de su efecto declarativo. Aplicación de lo expuesto al caso concreto

  5. Bien faire un cours, un exposé, une conférence

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, George

    1981-01-01

    Le livre de Georges Brown est un livre important pour deux raisons : - Parce qu'il propose à tous les formateurs et enseignants une approche méthodologique de la transmission orale des connaissances. En effet, il ne suffit pas de bien connaître son sujet pour le faire comprendre à son auditoire. Ce livre est conçu pour mener le lecteur pas à pas dans la découverte de son propre style d'explication, de ses points faibles et de ses points forts. - Parce qu'il permet au lecteur, grâce à la pratique des 45 exercices contenus dans l'ouvrage, de faire alterner la réflexion et la performance individuelle avec l'échange d'expériences et l'auto-évaluation des méthodes d'enseignement oral. Ce livre, qui possède toutes les qualités du pragmatisme anglo-saxon, met au service de la formation un outil essentiellement pratique. Il s'adresse donc à tous ceux qui donnent des cours, font des séminaires,ou ont à exposer leurs idées devant un auditoire. EXPLIQUER, C'EST D'ABORD SAVOIR COMMUNIQUER.

  6. Evolución reciente de la industria argentina de bienes de capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RICARDO ORTIZ

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo busca identificar los principales rasgos del desempeño de la industria argentina de bienes de capital desde una perspectiva de mediano plazo. En particular, se hace eje en los aspectos distintivos de la trayectoria sectorial verificada durante la década de los noventa, cuando estuvo en plena vigencia el modelo neoliberal y se atacó al sector de muy diversas maneras y en la fase de la posconvertibilidad iniciada formalmente a comienzos del año 2002 y que dio lugar a un importante ciclo expansivo de la actividad económica con un rol destacado de la industria manufacturera. Abstract This paper aims to identify the main features of the performance of the argentine industry of capital goods from a medium-term perspective. In particular, the focus is placed upon the distinctive aspects of the sectorial trend verified during the nineties, when the neoliberal model was at its highest validity and the sector was attacked in many different ways and at the stage of “posconvertibilidad” formally initiated in early 2002, which led to a significant expansive cycle of the economic activity with an important role of the manufacturing sector.

  7. Vertical distribution of dioxins in soil of Bien Hoa airbase, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huyen, Dang Thuong; Igarashi, Toshifumi; Shiraiwa, Takuya

    2015-01-01

    Bien Hoa airbase is a known dioxin-contaminated hotspot in Vietnam. The contamination occurred during the Vietnam War at the site where dioxins were transported, stored, sprayed, and spilled in the area. Dioxins, which are cancer inducing substances, may transfer from the soil to food crops and finally to human beings living around the area. Many surveys of dioxins in soil, water, organisms, and human have been carried out in this study area since 2002. In this paper vertical distribution of dioxins in undisturbed soil cores were examined. Twelve soil samples from three drilled cores were collected to analyze dioxin levels according to the standard Japanese analytical method. The results showed that the toxicity equivalency quantity (TEQ) in one soil sample at a depth of 2.6 m reached 3,300 pg-TEQ/g-dw. High TEQs were also observed in the clay layer. This anomaly of dioxin concentrations could be attributed to the affinity of dioxins for the clay layer. The isomer patterns in the soils were different from those in the soil of Hokkaido in that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) was the most dominant in the soil sample. This indicates that the dioxins originate from a defoliant Agent Orange disposed at the site after the Vietnam War.

  8. Consumo de bienes culturales: reflexiones sobre un concepto y tres categorías para su análisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz María Ortega Villa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se revisa la elaboración de lo que aquí se denomina consumo de bienes culturales como concepto alternativo al de consumo cultural. El artículo propone a la vez tres categorías de análisis para el objeto de estudio que el primer concepto define.

  9. Democracia liberal, camino de la autoridad humana y transición al vivir bien

    OpenAIRE

    Walter D. Mignolo

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo cuestiona el uso acrítico de la palabra “democracia”. Establece una distinción entre la democracia como un medio, y la democracia como un fin. Defiende que el ideal de la vida plena, justa y armoniosa no es aplicable sólo a la democracia, y que hay otros caminos de llegarse a él, al lado de lo recorrido por la democracia liberal. Más: sostiene que los medios adoptados por la democracia liberal, no sólo no pueden imponerse a las demás regiones del mundo, si no que no han tenido éx...

  10. Tülikas meediademokraat Hans H. Luik / Hans H Luik ; interv. Jaanika Merilo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luik, Hans H., 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Ekspress Grupi omanik ja nõukogu liige Hans H. Luik vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Ekspress Grupi võimlikku börsile minekut, meediaportfelli laiendamist ning tema vastu suunatuid rünnakuid. Skeem: Ekspress Grupp. Tabelid: Eesti Ekspressi majandusnäitajad; Ekspress Grupi majandusnäitajad. Kommenteerivad: Tuomas Siltala, Karoly Kirber, Lauri Lind ja Peeter Koppel

  11. Marketing Ético como Fundamento del Bien Común en Organizaciones Humanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Fernández Baptista

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Los hombres poseen necesidades que deben ser satisfechas con el objeto de lograr una vida cónsona con los principios básicos de dignificación de la persona humana, alimento, vestido, medicamentos, comunicación, entretenimiento, transporte, entre otras, son algunas de las necesidades básicas que los seres humanos día tras día se esfuerzan por cubrir mediante el trabajo digno, utilizando para ello las potencialidades propias de cada quien. Las organizaciones modernas por medio del marketing como proceso administrativo, pretende lograr la satisfacción de tales necesidades por medio de la identificación oportuna de dichos requerimientos, elaborando productos y servicios que los satisfagan al crear una propuesta de valor superior a tales expectativas. Sin embargo, tal propuesta debería estar inmersa dentro de parámetros éticos y morales, las cuales garanticen la correcta utilización de cada uno de los elementos de la mezcla de mercadotecnia, producto, precio, promoción y la distribución. De esta manera los gerentes de marketing al momento de tomar decisiones éticas sobre estos tópicos, permitirían en desarrollo de organizaciones humanas promotoras del bien común dentro del contexto donde se desenvuelvanPalabras Clave: Marketing ético; Bien Común; Organizaciones Humanas. Marketing Ethical as the Foundation of the Common Wealth on Human OrganizationsAbstractThe people have needs that must be met for a life in keeping with the basic principles of dignification of the human person, food, clothing, medicines, communication, entertainment, transportation, among others, are some of the basic needs of human beings every day strive to cover using decent, using work of their own potential each person. Modern organizations marketing as administrative process aims at achieving the satisfaction of those needs in the timely identification of those requirements, developing products and services satisfying them to create a proposal for a value

  12. El derecho a comer: Los alimentos como bien público global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ausín, Txetxu

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Eating and drinking are essential needs of every human being in every culture and society, and its lack leads to obvious and objective damage. Therefore, food and water becomes moral in terms of universal human right to eat and drink, one of those rights that give and preserve life. However, humanity lives in a grave and intolerable situation of famine, due to structural factors such as international trade and financial policies, production of biofuels, and the abandonment of consumption agriculture, among others. This scenario requires a deep rethinking of public policy on food and drinking water, departing from its conceptualization as public goods, and not as mere commodities.

    Comer y beber son necesidades esenciales de todo ser humano, en toda cultura y sociedad, y su carencia produce, evidentemente, daños graves y objetivos. Por ello, el alimento y el agua potable devienen en exigencias morales universales en términos del derecho humano a comer y a beber, uno de esos derechos que dan y preservan la vida. Sin embargo, la humanidad vive sumida en una gravísima e intolerable situación de hambruna a la que contribuyen algunos factores estructurales como las políticas comerciales y financieras internacionales, la producción de biocombustibles y el abandono de la agricultura de consumo, entre otros. Este panorama obliga a una profunda reformulación de las políticas públicas sobre el alimento y el agua potable, que partan de su conceptualización como bienes públicos y no meras mercancías.

  13. Bienes rústicos de aprovechamiento público en la Valencia moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David BERNABÉ GIL

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Analiza el presente trabajo diversos aspectos relacionados con los derechos de aprovechamiento público que confluían en los espacios rústicos no cultivados del antiguo Reino de Valencia, así como la naturaleza de los problemas que solía suscitar su atribución dominical, dada la frecuente superposición de instancias institucionales con pretensiones de control. A partir de la compleja tipología que la casuística al respecto —aún escasa y mal conocida— permite entrever, queda en evidencia el fuerte arraigo de los elementos de regulación municipal vigentes en el realengo, si bien en franco retroceso ante los tardíos intentos de control por el Real Patrimonio. En los señoríos, sin embargo, son los derechos del titular de la jurisdicción los que consiguen prevalecer, aunque no necesariamente por exclusión de los reconocidos a la comunidad.ABSTRACT: This study analyzes different aspects related to the rights of public usage with regard to uncultivated agricultural spaces in the ancient Kingdom of Valencia, as well as the nature of the problems normally arising from the conferring of their feudal status, due to the frequent superimposing of institutional requests to gain control. With regard to the complex typology that the corresponding casuistry (still scarce and hardly known suggests, we can highlight the fact that the elements of municipal regulation that existed within the state were well-established, although they were clearly in decline in the face of the Royal Trust's late attempts to gain control. However, as regards the estates, the ownership rights of the jurisdiction were the ones that finally prevailed, although not necessarily by excluding the rights of the community.

  14. NEW INSIGHTS INTO RELATIONAL GOODS. NUEVAS PERSPECTIVAS EN EL ÁMBITO DE LOS BIENES RELACIONALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierpaolo Donati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available During the last thirty years, the value of the human relational and communicative dimension has been emphasised in numerous studies, first, because of its part in creating meaning and in the development and sustainability of diverse spheres of human activity, including economic activity; and second, because of its role in different processes of social change. This new personal and reciprocal paradigm offers a perspective from which to observe, analyse, describe and understand social reality beyond simple self-interested individual actions and merely welfare-based structural effects that undervalue the transformative potential of the reality of civil society and spawn individualistic, dependent, disaffected and dehumanised citizens. Durante los últimos treinta años, diversos estudios han destacado el valor de la dimensión relacional y comunicativa del ser humano. Por una parte, por su implicación tanto en la creación de sentido como en el desarrollo y sostenibilidad de los distintos ámbitos de actividad humana, incluso el económico; y por otra parte, por el papel que juega en los diferentes procesos de cambio social. Un nuevo paradigma personal y recíproco desde el que observar, analizar, describir y comprender la realidad social más allá de acciones individuales autointeresadas y efectos estructurales meramente asistenciales que menosprecian el potencial transformador de la realidad de la sociedad civil y promueven una ciudadanía individualista, dependiente, desencarnada y deshumanizada.

  15. Problemática sobre la disponibilidad de los Bienes Jurídicos Individuales y Responsabilidades Emergentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Curbelo Solari

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Sobre el concepto de Disponibilidad. Concepto de Bien Jurídico y sus funciones. El Consentimiento. Breve Historia. Bienes Jurídicos Colectivos e Individuales. Naturaleza Jurídica del Consentimiento. Posición de Jescheck, Roxin y Muñoz Conde. Posición de los principales autores nacionales: Prof. Gonzalo Fernández, Miguel Langón, Germán Aller, Pedro Montano. Los requisitos del consentimiento. En la doctrina extranjeraEn la doctrina uruguaya El consentimiento presunto. Requisitos del consentimiento presunto.Relevancia del consentimiento en el Derecho Positivo. Derecho extranjero Derecho Uruguayo. Diversas situaciones. El art. 44 del CP. La Vida. El consentimiento y la responsabilidad de los médicos. Las intervenciones transexuales. La Eutanasia La ley 18.473 de Voluntad anticipada. La auto puesta en peligro.

  16. Brad Mehldau : Analytiske perspektiver på hans spillestil

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Brad Mehldau (f. 1970) må kunne sies å være en av de store nålevende jazzpianistene, og han har gjort seg vel bemerket i både hans hjemland USA og internasjonalt. Han har samarbeidet med kjente utøvere som Pat Metheny, Joshua Redman, Kurt Rosenwinkel, Charlie Haden, Lee Konitz, etc. I sin egen trio, med bassist Larry Grenadier og trommeslager Jeff Ballard, spiller Mehldau en blanding av jazzstandardlåter, egne komposisjoner og poplåter i hans egne arrangementer. Denne oppgaven er sentrert run...

  17. Análisis de los criterios de intervención en Bienes Eclesiásticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José González López

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analizan los criterios con los que se debe abordar la intervención en bienes culturales de procedencia eclesiástica en nuestro país a partir del análisis de los apartados específicos de la normativa dictada por el Estado Español y por la Santa Sede, así como en la concordada mediante acuerdos y convenios suscritos entre ambos.

  18. Environmental Health Risk Assessment of Dioxin Exposure through Foods in a Dioxin Hot Spot—Bien Hoa City, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh; Le Vu-Anh; Nguyen Ngoc-Bich; Thomas Tenkate

    2010-01-01

    This study used the Australian Environmental Health Risk Assessment Framework to assess the human health risk of dioxin exposure through foods for local residents in two wards of Bien Hoa City, Vietnam. These wards are known hot-spots for dioxin and a range of stakeholders from central government to local levels were involved in this process. Publications on dioxin characteristics and toxicity were reviewed and dioxin concentrations in local soil, mud, foods, milk and blood samples were used ...

  19. Predictors for dioxin accumulation in residents living in Da Nang and Bien Hoa, Vietnam, many years after Agent Orange use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Diem T; Nguyen, Hang M; Boivin, Thomas G; Zajacova, Anna; Huzurbazar, Snehalata V; Bergman, Harold L

    2015-01-01

    Agent Orange (AO) was the main defoliant used by the US in Vietnam from 1961 to 1971; AO was contaminated with dioxin (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, or TCDD). Three major dioxin “hot spots” remain from previous AO storage and use at former US bases at Bien Hoa, Da Nang, and Phu Cat, posing potential health risks for Vietnamese living on or near these hot spots. We evaluated potential risk factors contributing to serum TCDD levels in Vietnamese residents at and near contaminated sites in Da Nang and Bien Hoa, Vietnam. We used multiple linear regression to analyze possible associations of blood dioxin concentrations with demographic, socioeconomic, lifestyle, and dietary risk factors for residents living on or near these hot spots. For the Da Nang study, fish farming on the site, living on property flooded from monsoon rains, and age were among the factors showing significant positive associations with serum TCDD concentrations. For the Bien Hoa study, fish farmers working at this site and their immediate family members had significantly higher serum TCDD concentrations. Our results suggest that water-related activities, especially fish-farming, at the hot spots increased the risk of exposure to dioxin.

  20. Mathematics Ab Ovo: Hans Driesch and Entwicklungsmechanik.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priven, Silvia Waisse; Alfonso-Goldfarb, Ana M

    2009-01-01

    One of the factors leading to the creation of embryology as a modern discipline at the end of the 19th century was Wilhelm Roux's formulation of the program of Entwicklungsmechanik (developmental mechanics). A look into the work of Hans Driesch, an equal contributor to developmental mechanics, may shed further light on this process. For Roux, developmental mechanics was an anatomical science, but for Driesch it was associated with a mathematical and physical approach to the natural world. Likewise, Roux used the concept of mechanics as an analogy, but Driesch used it literally. Driesch's generation had been trained in a pedagogic context that emphasized mathematics and physics, which may explain why he went a step further than Roux to state that a true "mechanics" of development required the reduction of morphogenetic problems to the known laws of physics. It is argued here that this difference in background is behind the enthusiastic adoption and further development of Roux's program by Driesch's generation, a generation that conceived Entwicklungsmechanik to be the reduction of embryological processes to "the laws of matter in motion." This same mathematical and physical mindset would underscore Driesch's later construction of entelechy as a regulating factor in embryogenesis, through mathematical analysis grounded on the notion of mathematical functions.

  1. Obituary: Hans Albrecht Bethe, 1906-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijers, Ralph

    2007-12-01

    One of the unquestioned giants of physics and astrophysics, Hans Bethe, died on 6 March 2005, at the venerable age of 98, in his home town of Ithaca, New York. Seven decades of contributing to research and a Nobel Prize for his work on stellar hydrogen burning make a listing of his honors superfluous (besides being impossible in this space). Bethe was born in Strassburg, in then German Alsass Lothringen, on 2 July 1906. His father, Albrecht Julius Bethe (1872-1954), taught physiology at the University, and his mother, Anna Kuhn (1876-1966), was a musician and writer. Both his grandfathers were physicians. He spent his youth in Strassburg, Kiel, and Frankfurt, and some time in sanatoria due to tuberculosis. Hans's first scientific paper, at age 18, was with his father and a colleague, on dialysis. His education and early career in Germany brought him into contact with many top stars in the quantum revolution. Starting in Frankfurt in chemistry, Bethe soon switched to physics, taught there by Walter Gerlach and Karl Meissner, among others. In 1926, he successfully applied to join Arnold Sommerfeld's group in Munich, where he met one of his later long-term collaborators, Rudolf Peierls. Bethe considered his entry into physics to have come at an ideal time, with the new ideas of wave mechanics being developed and discussed right there; it was certainly also at an ideal place. His doctoral thesis was on the theory of electron diffraction by crystals, following the experimental work by Clinton Davisson and Lester Germer and the work on X-ray diffraction by Max von Laue and Paul Ewald. The newly minted doctor went from there briefly to Frankfurt and then to Ewald in Stuttgart, where he felt at home academically and personally. In 1939, Bethe would marry Ewald's daughter Rose. Not much later, though, Sommerfeld recalled him to Munich, where Sommerfeld created a Privatdozent position for him. There he worked out the solution for a linear chain of coupled spins by what we

  2. Ética de la convivencia en organizaciones del presente: Base fundamental para alcanzar el bien común

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Seijo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de esta investigación es establecer algunas consideraciones teóricas sobre la ética de la convivencia en las organizaciones de presente, de manera que la gerencia en estas organizaciones se perfile hacia la búsqueda del bien común, en este sentido, el estudio se basa en una metodología cualitativa, de tipo descriptiva y diseño no experimental, mediante un análisis documental, ubicada dentro del área de las Ciencias Sociales.En este sentido, el logro del bien común está asociado a alcanzar una vida en convivencia, esto significa lograr acuerdos mínimos a través del diálogo entre los ciudadanos de manera que se pueda establecer el respeto hacia el otro. La base de tales acuerdos será, necesariamente, la búsqueda del bienestar de la sociedad, es decir, el bien común. Esta idea justifica la necesidad de una ética común, la que conlleva al reconocimiento del otro, aceptar el bienestar del otro, aceptación del otro en nuestro sistema, para lograr la convivencia y alcanzar el bienestar o bien común.Palabras Clave: Ética de la convivencia; bien común; acuerdos mínimos. Ethics of the Living together in organizations of future: fundamental Base to reach the common goodAbstractThis research aims at advancing concepts regarding fellowship ethics in contemporary organizations, in order to organize management around common good practices. The achievement of the common good is thus associated to reaching fellowship, this is to achieve minimal consensus through dialog between citizens and strengthen respect to each other. The base of such consensus will be, necessarily, societal welfare, that is to say, the common good.Keywords: Ethics of the living; common good; minimal agreements.

  3. HA TRAÍDO HASTA NOSOTROS DESDE TERRITORIO ENEMIGO, EL ALUD DE LA GUERRA: CONFISCACIÓN DE MAQUINARIAS Y APROPIACIÓN DE BIENES CULTURALES DURANTE LA OCUPACIÓN DE LIMA, 1881-1883

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Godoy Orellana

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la confiscación de maquinarias y la apropiación de bienes culturales durante la ocupación chilena de Lima. Ambos temas en la producción historiográfica de la Guerra del Pacífico no han sido trabajados en profundidad, siendo negados o soslayados, aun considerando la evidencia documental existente en Chile. Basándose principalmente en estos repositorios documentales, los temas señalados son el motivo central del presente artículo, analizando la situación peruana, la participación de oficiales y representantes del Estado chileno durante la ocupación y la respuesta en Chile frente a la llegada de los barcos con bienes culturales -libros, estatuas u ornamentos para espacios públicos-, que varió desde el encubrimiento mediante el eufemismo, hasta la crítica de la prensa nacional y el rotundo rechazo por parte de la Cámara de Diputados de Chile.This article analyzes the confiscation of machinery and the appropriation of cultural goods during the occupation of Lima. Both themes have not been explored in depth by the War of the Pacific historiography, being neglected or ignored even considering the documented evidence that exists in Chile. Based mainly on those documents the article analyzes the Peruvian situation, the participation of Chilean officials and State representatives during the occupation, the answer in Chile facing the arrival of ships with cultural goods -books, statutes and ornaments for public spaces- that varied from the covering up through euphemism, to the critique from the national press and the categorical rejection on the part of the Chilean House of Representatives.

  4. Hans Henriksen Ussing. 30 December 1911 - 22 December 2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Erik Hviid

    2009-01-01

    Hans Ussing was born on 30 December 1911 at Sorø Academy in Denmark, where his father Dr Henrik Ussing was a lecturer and, as historian, a leading Danish folklorist. After his doctoral thesis in marine biology, Hans Ussing came to August Krogh's laboratory, where he studied protein turnover by us...

  5. Hans-Georg Gadamer, Language, and Intercultural Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Abhik; Starosta, William J.

    2001-01-01

    Shows how Hans-Georg Gadamer's critical hermeneutics can be applied to intercultural communication. Suggests that by incorporating the philosophies of Hans-Georg Gadamer, intercultural communication scholars will be able to bring a fresh perspective to guide their theory, research, and practice. (Author/VWL)

  6. Hans Kelsen: pensador político

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Lagi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Hasta la publicación de Sobre la esencia y el valor de la democracia, Hans Kelsen era solo conocido como experto en derecho público. El valor de este artículo de Lagi radica en rescatar de la obra kelseniana un aspecto casi por completo olvidado por la crítica, a saber, sus análisis sobre el significado y las características de la democracia parlamentaria en los Estados modernos. Se aborda la cuestión no solo desde el debate teórico sino también desde su contexto histórico¿político. La teoría política de Kelsen es considerada una parte integral de su doctrina central, presentada en Teoría pura del derecho, su obra más conspicua. Un análisis del trabajo sobre la esencia y el valor de la democracia nos restituye la imagen de un Kelsen como original pensador político. Se analizan las dos ediciones de Sobre la esencia y el valor de la democracia (1920¿1929 con estos propósitos: comprender por qué decidió dedicarse a la teoría de la democracia un teórico que rigurosamente defendió la separación de la esfera jurídica respecto de la historia, la filosofía y la política; y por qué no se limitó a explicar la esencia de la democracia sino que decidió concentrarse en clarificar qué se entiende por valor de la democracia.

  7. Economía, bienes públicos puros e Internet : revelando el caso del FLOSS (“Free/Libre Open Source Software” o “Software Libre y Software de Código Abierto”)

    OpenAIRE

    Soler Muñoz, Rafael

    2013-01-01

    Desde que Paul Samuelson publicase en 1954 su obra “The pure theory of public expenditure”, diferenciando los bienes económicos entre bienes públicos y bienes privados, ha existido controversia sobre la posibilidad de que los bienes públicos pudiesen encontrarse en estado "puro". En nuestra tesis exponemos, con el ejemplo del FLOSS (Free/Libre Open Source Software), como la existencia de bienes públicos puros tendría lugar cuando bienes digitales son distribuidos a través de redes "peer to pe...

  8. Retos para la política ambiental: el debate internacional sobre el comercio de bienes y servicios ambientales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Alejandro Martínez Ballesteros

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Los lineamientos de la actual política ambiental nacional enfatizan la promoción y el aprovechamiento sostenible de bienes y servicios ambientales. A nivel internacional, el tema se está tratando en la Organización Mundial del Comercio, por el mandato de la Declaración Ministerial de Doha (2001. Así mismo, se encuentra tácitamente en la actual agenda del desarrollo. El debate ha girado alrededor de lograr un acuerdo sobre definiciones y criterios de bienes y servicios ambientales para el comercio. Se ha mantenido una visión restringida sobre estos ítems, que excluye apreciaciones integrales desde la economía ambiental. Los bienes y servicios relacionados con la biodiversidad y los que proporcionan los ecosistemas, que podrían interesar a los países ‘megadiversos’ como Colombia no ocupan el centro del debate. La ausencia y la pasividad en este debate pueden conllevar a la pérdida de beneficios y oportunidades de la utilización sostenible de los recursos naturales, en contravía con la intención de la actual política ambiental. Así mismo, los resultados que se logren en la OMC tendrán repercusiones en otros tratados comerciales bilaterales o regionales que celebre el país y en el nivel de autonomía sobre el control de recursos naturales estratégicos

  9. Retos para la política ambiental: el debate internacional sobre el comercio de bienes y servicios ambientales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Alejandro Martínez Ballesteros

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Los lineamientos de la actual política ambiental nacional enfatizan la promoción y el aprovechamiento sostenible de bienes y servicios ambientales. A nivel internacional, el tema se está tratando en la Organización Mundial del Comercio, por el mandato de la Declaración Ministerial de Doha (2001. Así mismo, se encuentra tácitamente en la actual agenda del desarrollo. El debate ha girado alrededor de lograr un acuerdo sobre definiciones y criterios de bienes y servicios ambientales para el comercio. Se ha mantenido una visión restringida sobre estos ítems, que excluye apreciaciones integrales desde la economía ambiental. Los bienes y servicios relacionados con la biodiversidad y los que proporcionan los ecosistemas, que podrían interesar a los países ‘megadiversos’ como Colombia no ocupan el centro del debate. La ausencia y la pasividad en este debate pueden conllevar a la pérdida de beneficios y oportunidades de la utilización sostenible de los recursos naturales, en contravía con la intención de la actual política ambiental. Así mismo, los resultados que se logren en la OMC tendrán repercusiones en otros tratados comerciales bilaterales o regionales que celebre el país y en el nivel de autonomía sobre el control de recursos naturales estratégicos.

  10. La Protección Jurídica de los Bienes Culturales en el Derecho Español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A. Anguita Villanueva

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El presente artículo trata de la protección de los bienes que manifiestan elementos o valores de la cultura española. Se define, primero, el concepto y el contenido normativo de los bienes culturales a la luz del derecho positivo, tanto nacional español como supranacional. Se revisan, luego, los antecedentes históricos de la protección de los bienes culturales en el Derecho español, para luego examinar el marco jurídico actual del patrimonio histórico, tanto desde la perspectiva de la normativa supranacional (UNESCO, el Consejo de Europa, la Unión Europea y el Convenio de UNIDROIT, como de la normativa nacional, expresada en la Constitución, el ordenamiento estatal y los ordenamientos autonómicos. El trabajo pone de relieve que la complejidad de la protección de los bienes culturales deriva, en parte, de la dificultad de definir o delimitar el concepto de cultura en la ciencia del Derecho y, por otro lado, de la división político-competencial que se diseña en España a través de la Constitución de 1978, que ha dado pie a una hipertrofia normativa, común a los países de modelo "federal" de distribución de competencias, que dificulta la aplicación por parte de los operadores jurídicos.ABSTRACT The article examines the status of objects which embody elements or values of the Spanish culture. First, the legal notion of cultural objects is defined, considering national and supranational law. We then review the historical background of the protection of cultural objects in Spanish law, turning next to the current legal framework for the protection of the historical patrimony, both from a supranational normative perspective (UNESCO, the Council of Europe, The European Union, and the UNIDROIT agreement, and the Spanish national law found in the Constitution, the national law, and the law of the autonomous regions. Throughout the article the notion is stressed that the complexity we find in the protection of cultural

  11. Evaluación del aprendizaje de adolescentes del proyecto Bebé Piénsalo Bien (BPB)

    OpenAIRE

    Velandía Pedraza, Ángela Lucía

    2013-01-01

    El presente documento es un estudio mixto con predominio cualitativo, cuyo objetivo es determinar los aspectos fundamentales del aprendizaje significativo presentes para el abordaje de los temas de maternidad y paternidad responsable en los grupos de adolescentes que participaron en el proyecto de Bebé Piénsalo Bien (BPB) en el colegio Técnico Internacional. Como instrumento se aplicó individualmente la misma encuesta que se aplicó a los adolescentes que participaron en el proyecto bebé piéns...

  12. Bienes públicos regionales para la fortificación de alimentos con micronutrientes en Centroamérica

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel Nieves; Nicté Ramírez; Alexa N. Monroy

    2012-01-01

    El proyecto de bienes públicos regionales (BPR) en fortificación masiva de alimentos de alto consumo que el BID co-financió en el 2007 para el conjunto de los siete países de la región, se diseñó bajo la premisa que a través de la cooperación transnacional se pueden potenciar los avances en el control de las deficiencias de micronutrientes prevalentes que, hasta entonces, se abordaban mayormente de manera individual.

  13. Observaciones sobre la opinión pública a partir de "El ciudadano bien informado"

    OpenAIRE

    Juárez, Benjamín

    2008-01-01

    Alfred Schutz se pregunta hasta qué punto tienen y pueden llegar las responsabilidades civiles. Antes de eso se pregunta por las preocupaciones e intereses del ciudadano y la importancia del pensamiento razonable anclado en la individualidad y en contraposición a la opinión desinformada de la masa. En este escrito se busca no tanto ni solamente responder a la inquietud de Schutz, sino darle historia y significado al problema que presenta. Se enuncia lo que se entiende por ciudadano bien infor...

  14. Perspectivas sobre la gobernanza de los bienes y la ciudadanía en la obra de Elinor Ostrom

    OpenAIRE

    Leticia Merino Pérez

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo reflexiona sobre las principales aportaciones conceptuales y me - todológicas de la obra de Elinor Ostrom, con - siderando el contexto conceptual y político en que emergió y se desarrolló: la polémica con las hegemónicas tesis de Garret Hardin sobre la tragedia de los bienes comunes y la teo - ría de la elección racional. Analiza las ruptu - ras y continuidades de la obra de Ostrom en relación con distintos paradigmas dominantes en las ciencias sociales. Indica también que sus ap...

  15. Aristocracia local y trasvases de bienes en Liébana (siglo XIII. Revisión del problema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Vassallo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza los trasvases de bienes entre aristocracias locales y monasterios. Las donaciones pro anima, realizadas por los sectores destacados de la sociedad, quedaron vinculadas tradicionalmente a las necesidades espirituales de la aristocracia, reduciendo la actuación patrimonial del sector en un sentido unidireccional. El presente estudio pretende reubicar dichos trasvases en un juego más amplio de transacciones mutuas que sólo pueden ser entendidas apelando a las estrategias de reproducción social de los sujetos actuantes

  16. Altofrequency SNPs of mitochondrial DNA in 26 Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Yong-jun; GAO Wen-xiang; GAO Yu-qi; CHEN Jian; TAN Xiao-ling; LIU Xin; CHEN Hai-hua

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To explore the possible mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphism in Han Chinese.Methods:The complete mitochondrial genome of 26 unrelated healthy Han Chinese were extracted and sequenced.Results:The mtDNA nucleotide sites (2 706,7 028,8 860,11 719,and 15 326)were found totally different from the Revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS).These single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were 2 706 A→G,7 028 C→T,8 860 A→G,11 719 G→A,15 326 A→G.Conclusion:These findings provide new insights into the characteristics of Han Chinese mitochondrial genetic diversity.

  17. Method for Observing Intravascular BongHan Duct

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, X; Shin, H; Lee, B; Choi, C; Soh, K; Cheun, B; Baik, K; Soh, K; Jiang, Xiaowen; Kim, Hee-kyeong; Shin, Hak-soo; Lee, Byong-chon; Choi, Chunho; Soh, Kyung-soon; Cheun, Byeung-soo; Baik, Ku-youn; Soh, Kwang-sup

    2002-01-01

    A method for observing intra blood vessel ducts which are threadlike bundle of tubules which form a part of the BongHan duct system. By injecting 10% dextrose solution at a vena femoralis one makes the intravascular BongHan duct thicker and stronger to be easily detectable after incision of vessels. The duct is semi-transparent, soft and elastic, and composed of smaller tubules whose diameters are of 10$\\mu$m order, which is in agreement with BongHan theory.

  18. Bienes de titularidad pública: Patrimoniales y de dominio público. Una aproximación al sistema español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Hernando Van-Strahlen-Fajardo

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza en este texto una aproximación puntual al régimen jurídico de los bienes de titularidad pública en España. Se comienza por la tradicional distinción entre bienes de dominio público y bienes patrimoniales o privados del Estado, donde se evidencia la ambigua frontera que separa al derecho público y al derecho privado. Luego se describen con mayor detenimiento las formas, las técnicas y los modos jurídicos para la adquisición, la enajenación, la cesión, la transferencia y la protección de los bienes de naturaleza patrimonial; así como una breve observación sobre una especie particular de estos últimos, que conforman el llamado patrimonio empresarial.

  19. Profanum et Promissio : het begrip wereld in de missionaire ecclesiologieën van Hans Hoekendijk, Hans Jochen Margull en Ernst Lange

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Petter, Frank Anthonie

    2002-01-01

    Profanum et Promissio The concept of ‘world’ in the missionary ecclesiologies of Hans Hoekendijk, Hans Jochen Margull and Ernst Lange. This study deals with the concept of ‘world’ in the missionary ecclesiologies of Hans Hoekendijk (1912-1975), Hans Jochen Margull (1925-1982) and Ernst Lange (1927-1

  20. Tout va bien ! méthode de français : cahier d'exercices 1

    CERN Document Server

    Augé, H; Marlhens, C; Martin, L

    2005-01-01

    Tout va bien ! est une méthode de français destinée aux grands adolescents et adultes débutants ou faux-débutants. Ses objectifs respectent scrupuleusement les recommandations du Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues, comme en témoigne le portfolio qui accompagne le livre de l'élève. Tout va bien ! propose : Des supports et des situations de communication authentiques ou proches de l'authentique, permettant à l'élève de se sensibiliser aux différents registres et de découvrir certains aspects de la culture francophone tout autant que la langue. De très nombreuses activités visant l'acquisition des quatre compétences de communication et l'utilisation de stratégies spécifiques. Un travail sur la grammaire et le vocabulaire associés aux situations et au service de la communication faisant une large place à l'observation et à la réflexion. Une invitation régulière à l'évaluation, au travail an autonomie et à l'auto-évaluation.

  1. Tout va bien ! méthode de français : cahier d'exercices 2

    CERN Document Server

    Augé, H; Marlhens, C; Martin, L

    2005-01-01

    Tout va bien ! est une méthode de français destinée aux grands adolescents et adultes débutants ou faux-débutants. Ses objectifs respectent scrupuleusement les recommandations du Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues, comme en témoigne le portfolio qui accompagne le livre de l'élève. Tout va bien ! propose : Des supports et des situations de communication authentiques ou proches de l'authentique, permettant à l'élève de se sensibiliser aux différents registres et de découvrir certains aspects de la culture francophone tout autant que la langue. De très nombreuses activités visant l'acquisition des quatre compétences de communication et l'utilisation de stratégies spécifiques. Un travail sur la grammaire et le vocabulaire associés aux situations et au service de la communication faisant une large place à l'observation et à la réflexion. Une invitation régulière à l'évaluation, au travail an autonomie et à l'auto-évaluation.

  2. Vivir bien, buen vivir: caminar con los dos pies (Living well, good living: walking with both feet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Tortosa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl texto recoge, a modo de introducción, una reflexión sobre el concepto del Buen Vivir/Vivir bien, los motivos de su relativo éxito en el contexto latinoamericano y su importancia tanto en el terreno simbólico como en su capacidad de revelar los errores del desarrollo en el sistema mundial. El Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien es un concepto en construcción, y de ahí la importancia de avanzar en la identificación de variables e indicadores que permitan su medición.AbstractAs an introduction, this text is a consideration on the concept of Good Living / Living Well, the reasons for its relative success in the Latin American context and its importance both as a symbolic field and its ability to reveal errors in the development in the global system. Good Living / Living Well is a concept under construction, hence the importance of progress in the identification of variables and indicators for its measurement.

  3. Ingénierie de la maintenance De la conception à l'exploitation d'un bien

    CERN Document Server

    Francastel, Jean-Claude

    2003-01-01

    La maintenance a évolué : d’abord confinée à l’entretien des équipements “réparer“ les pannes puis élargie à leur surveillance “prévoir” les pannes elle est intégrée aujourd’hui dès la phase de conception du produit avec notamment le concept de “maintenabilité” du produit. L’ingénierie de maintenance désigne ce processus d’accompagnement d’un bien industriel durant toutes les phases de son cycle de vie de la conception au démantèlement qui permet d’optimiser l’exploitation de ce bien et son coût global life cycle cost. Cet ouvrage décrit les différentes phases du cycle de vie en exposant les techniques qui permettent d’intégrer à chaque étape les concepts de maintenance.

  4. Interview with Hans Rott, January 2014, CAUS History

    OpenAIRE

    Rott, Hans

    2014-01-01

    Interview with Hans Rott, Professor of Architecture, on the history of Virginia Tech's College of Architecture and Urban Studies, his experiences with students and teaching, and his perspective on the importance and meaning of architecture.

  5. Estlandse uithaal naar oud-ambassadeur / Hans Jacobs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jacobs, Hans

    2008-01-01

    Hollandi ajakirjanikud küsisid president Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt arvamust endise Hollandi suursaadiku Hans Glaubitzi tagakiusamise kohta. Eestis visiidil olnud Hollandi kuninganna Beatrix'i ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kohtumisest

  6. Children and Moods in Hans Christian Andersen's Travel Books

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars Bo

    2008-01-01

    A categorization of moods, atmospheres and motifs connected with the children in Hans Christian Andersen’s five travel books (1831-1868). Surprisingly, death and darkness and, on the other side, eroticism and (red) light are the dominant two categories.......A categorization of moods, atmospheres and motifs connected with the children in Hans Christian Andersen’s five travel books (1831-1868). Surprisingly, death and darkness and, on the other side, eroticism and (red) light are the dominant two categories....

  7. In memoriam Hans Jürgen Eysenck (1916-1997)

    OpenAIRE

    Andrés Pueyo, Antonio

    1997-01-01

    El pasado día 4 de septiembre moría en Londres Hans Jürgen Eysenck, víctima de una rápida enfermedad que ha hecho desaparecer a una de las más grandes figuras de la psicología contemporánea.Hans Eysenck vivió en 'un tiempo muy interesante', como él mismo ha considerado en su autobiografía.

  8. Home Energy Management System Using NILM, Low-Cost HAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qasim Khalid; Naveed Arshad; Nasir Khan; Taha Hassan; Fahad Javed; Jahangir Ikram

    2014-01-01

    Home energy management systems (HEMs) are used to provide comfortable life for consumers as well as to save energy. An essential component of HEMs is a home area network (HAN) that is used to remotely control the electric devices at homes and buildings. Although HAN prices have dropped in recent years but they are still expensive enough to prohibit a mass scale deployments. In this paper, a very low cost alternative to the expensive HANs is presented. We have applied a combination of non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) and very low cost one-way HAN to develop a HEM. By using NILM and machine learning algorithms we find the status of devices and their energy consumption from a central meter and communicate with devices through the one-way HAN. The evaluations show that the proposed machine learning algorithm for NILM achieves up to 99%accuracy in certain cases. On the other hand our radio frequency (RF)-based one-way HAN achieves a range of 80 feet in all settings.

  9. El fondo documental audiovisual de Radiotelevisión Valenciana: Evolución, transformación y Bien de Interés Cultural. Patrimonio Audiovisual de la Comunidad Valenciana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso-Noguerón, Lola

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El Col·legi Oficial de Bibliotecaris i Documentalistes de la Comunitat Valenciana (COBDCV, junto a la Associació Ciudadana i Comunicació (ACICOM han solicitado recientemente la protección de Bien de Interés Cultural (BIC, para los fondos documentales y archivo de Radiotelevisió Valenciana SAU y Radiotelevisión Española de la Comunidad Valenciana. En este texto se analiza, la evolución y transformación de los materiales audiovisuales creados por las empresas del que fuera el Grupo de RTVV a lo largo de los veinticuatro años de emisión. Se mostrará cual ha sido la evolución de este archivo y la situación actual de los materiales, de las bases de datos y del sistema de gestión de contenidos multimedia. Se identifican las razones, como la obsolescencia de los materiales audiovisuales y la precaria situación económica del país, para evidenciar que pese a la protección legal, es un objetivo continuar con la transformación y digitalización del archivo y fondo audiovisual más importante de la Comunidad Valenciana.

  10. INDUSTRIA DE BIENES DE EQUIPO DE LA ECONOMÍA ESPAÑOLA: INSERCIÓN COMERCIAL Y CAMBIO ESTRUCTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Luengo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto examina el comercio exterior de la industria de bienes de equipo de la economía española en el entorno comunitario. Dicho análisis se realiza a partir de la evolución de un conjunto de indicadores reveladores de la calidad de la inserción comercial, el nivel tecnológico y la posición de gama. La principal conclusión es que, aun aceptando la diversidad de posiciones y trayectorias observadas en la industria, parece que ésta ocupa un espacio relativamente subordinado, instalada en segmentos de mercado de mediabaja tecnología y gama.

  11. Les Nations unies et les biens publics mondiaux : contributions historiques et défis à venir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Jenks

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article explore la thèse selon laquelle la contribution la plus importante de l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU à la production de biens publics mondiaux a été son rôle dans l’instauration d’espaces et de capacités permettant de créer des valeurs communes. Débutant par la Charte elle-même, l’auteur retrace l’évolution de cette contribution à travers différentes phases historiques. Il analyse l’impact de la mondialisation sur le rôle des Nations unies ; il identifie notamment la qualité de la perméabilité en tant que produit de la mondialisation, ce qui est essentiel à la compréhension des défis actuels auxquels font face les Nations unies et également au cœur du programme sur les biens publics mondiaux (BPM. L’article examine brièvement, sous cet angle, l’évolution du rôle des Nations unies dans les domaines de la paix et de la sécurité, des droits de l’homme et de la coopération au développement. En conclusion sont identifiés huit leviers de changement qui détermineront la faculté des Nations unies à contribuer de manière substantielle aux BPM : l’instauration de normes et de valeurs communes, la qualité de la direction, l’amélioration de la gouvernance, un réalignement institutionnel, des financements innovants, le renforcement de la consolidation des instruments juridiques, la concentration sur des points stratégiques et le pouvoir des réseaux.

  12. Transport and bioaccumulation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans at the Bien Hoa Agent Orange hotspot in Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Thuong, Nguyen; Hung, Nguyen Xuan; Mo, Nguyen Thi; Thang, Nguyen Manh; Huy, Pham Quang; Van Binh, Hoang; Nam, Vu Duc; Van Thuy, Nguyen; Son, Le Ke; Minh, Nguyen Hung

    2015-10-01

    The Bien Hoa airbase (south of Vietnam) is known as one of the Agent Orange hotspots which have been seriously contaminated by Agent Orange/dioxin during the Vietnam War. Hundreds of samples including soil, sediment and fish were collected at the Bien Hoa Agent Orange hotspot for assessment of the environmental contamination caused by dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). The toxicity equivalency quotient (TEQ) concentration of PCDD/Fs in soil and sediment varied from 7.6 to 962,000 and 17 to 4860 pg/g dry wt, respectively, implying very high contamination of PCDD/Fs in several areas. PCDD/F levels in fish ranged between 1.8 and 288 pg/g TEQ wet wt and was generally higher than advisory guidelines for food consumption. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (2,3,7,8-TCDD) contributed 66-99 % of TEQ for most of the samples, suggesting 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) from Agent Orange as the major source of the contamination. The vertical transport of PCDD/Fs was observed in soil column with high TEQ levels above 1000 pg/g dry wt (Vietnamese limit for necessary remediation activities- TCVN 8183:2009 (2009)) even at a depth of 1.8 m. The vertical transport of PCDD/Fs has probably mainly taken place during the "Ranch Hand" defoliant spray activities due to the leaks and spills of phenoxy herbicides and solvents. The congener patterns suggest that transports of PCDD/Fs by weathering processes have led to their redistribution in the low-land areas. Also, an estimate for the total volume of contaminated soil requiring remediation to meet Vietnamese regulatory limits is provided.

  13. "Reinhart Koselleck / Hans-Georg Gadamer (Hrsg.): Historik, Sprache und Hermeneutik – Eine Rede und eine Antwort. Herausgegeben zum 100. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Gadamer. Mit einem Nachwort von Hans-Peter Schütt."

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Besprechung "Reinhart Koselleck / Hans-Georg Gadamer (Hrsg.): Historik, Sprache und Hermeneutik – Eine Rede und eine Antwort. Herausgegeben zum 100. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Gadamer. Mit einem Nachwort von Hans-Peter Schütt."

  14. La compraventa e inscripción de un bien futuro en el Perú, por dos ciudadanos extranjeros: mal comienzo, peor final. Comentario a la Resolución n°1868-2016-SUNARP-TR-L, de 16 de setiembre de 2016

    OpenAIRE

    de la Fuente Hontañón, Rosario

    2016-01-01

    A raíz de la reciente publicación de la Resolución Nº 1868-2016-SUNARP-TR-L, el 16 de setiembre del presente año, en las últimas semanas las noticias han dedicado una gran atención a la inscripción en Registros públicos de la transferencia de bienes inmuebles a favor de dos personas del mismo sexo casadas en el extranjero y que será el objeto de nuestro breve comentario. La resonancia mediática ha sido grande en cuanto que se ha interpretado que el Tribunal registral ha resuelto que los matri...

  15. Thermoluminescence authentication of T`ang and Han Dynasty pottery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, D.M. [Wollongong Univ., NSW (Australia). School of Geosciences

    1997-12-31

    More than 80 pieces of T`ang Dynasty and 40 Han Dynasty style ceramic wares have been analysed to determine the amount of thermoluminescence (TL) accumulated since the initial firing of the object and the level of the radiation flux which has created the TL. This paper presents a summary of the thermoluminescence analysis results. Approximately 60% of Han ceramics and 45% of the T`ang pottery authenticated have been shown to belong to periods other than that stylistically suggested. Items which have been found not to be of the anticipated antiquity generally fall into distinct age groups. Of the T`ang wares the most commonly copied item is found to be the horse and for the Han pieces, human figures and ewers/pots/vases represent the most frequently reproduced wares.

  16. PENERAPAN TEORI HANS KELSEN DALAM TERTIB HUKUM INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhtadi Muhtadi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana pengaturan susunan dan tertib hukum Indonesia dalam hirarki norma berdasarkan Stufenbautheorie Hans Kelsen. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah doctrinal research dengan menggunakan data sekunder yang diperoleh melalui studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pilihan hukum susunan norma hukum Indonesia berdasarkan teori Hans Kelsen adalah berjenjang dan berlapis-lapis, dari norma hukum lapisan terendah yang operatif-konkret-individual berjenjang dan bersumber pada norma hukum general-abstract berpuncak dalam pandangan dan cita hukum yang menjadi staatsnorm atau staatsfundamentalnorm, yaitu berpuncak pada Pancasila sebagai cita hukum.

  17. Talk about Han eaves tile art in our country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘泽艺

    2015-01-01

    The Han Dynasty is the first in the history of the unified and powerful country. It is a huge momentum has also affected the development of art, especially the art of eaves tile. Pattern of Han eaves tile is the art of the Chinese nation in the classic, rich artistic value for tile study of traditional ceramic art is very necessary in China. Through the research on Eave Tile Art, can be in-jected into the power of ceramic art in China's new development.

  18. Le bien commun : une intention éthique entre la loi du marché et l’individualisme

    OpenAIRE

    Beauchemin, Jacques

    2016-01-01

    Considérer le bien commun du point de vue des objets qu’il recouvre conduit à considérer un ensemble de « biens sociaux » associés à la nature biologique, sociale et politique des individus en société. Or la définition du bien commun ne réside pas seulement dans les objets auxquels on peut l’associer mais surtout dans la capacité collective à faire de la société un projet éthique de vivre ensemble. Ainsi, l’atomisation de la société que provoquent la marchandisation et l’individualisme contre...

  19. Bienes de titularidad pública: Patrimoniales y de dominio público. Una aproximación al sistema español

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Hernando Van-Strahlen-Fajardo

    2010-01-01

    Se realiza en este texto una aproximación puntual al régimen jurídico de los bienes de titularidad pública en España. Se comienza por la tradicional distinción entre bienes de dominio público y bienes patrimoniales o privados del Estado, donde se evidencia la ambigua frontera que separa al derecho público y al derecho privado. Luego se describen con mayor detenimiento las formas, las técnicas y los modos jurídicos para la adquisición, la enajenación, la cesión, la transferencia y la protecció...

  20. Conflictos por la herencia de bienes vinculados: Mujeres nobles pleiteando Conflicts for the inheritance of linked goods: Noble women going to law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Correa Barboza

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La casa, el parentesco, la clientela son vínculos que estructuran a conjuntos de individuos relacionados entre ellos, permitiéndoles actuar como agentes sociales colectivos. En las sociedades alto-modernas, de carácter patriarcal, las mujeres se encontraban supeditadas a la autoridad del varón, siendo éste quien actuaba socialmente, estableciendo diferentes vínculos entre familias, parientes, etc; relaciones a las que las mujeres quedaban sujetas en gran medida. Sin embargo, la historia de las mujeres ha mostrado que ellas tenían un accionar muy activo, eran capaces de intervenir en los vínculos ya existentes de manera decisiva, entablaban alianzas y promovían importantes redes de relaciones, que muchas veces encabezaban. En los últimos veinte años, se han puesto de relieve nuevas fuentes y nuevas categorías que enriquecen los estudios y propician otras formas de mirar la documentación. La utilización de la categoría género en el análisis ha permitido redimensionar el lugar de las mujeres en la historia. En los casos que presentaremos y en los temas que abordaremos, podremos observar las formas en que las mujeres de la muy alta nobleza actúan como verdaderas cabeza de linajes, defendiendo intereses propios, pero sobre todo colectivos - los de su familia-, buscando en los vericuetos legales las formas de conseguir cierto patrimonio, de mantenerlo en su círculo más cercano y, al mismo tiempo, de aumentarlo si consideran la posibilidad de acceder a nuevos bienes a través de herencias, compras, intercambios, etc.The house, kinship, the clientele are links that structure to sets of individuals related to each other, enabling them to act as collective social agents. In high-modern societies, the patriarchal nature, women were subject to male authority, this being who acted socially, establishing links between different families, relatives, etc., relations which women were subject to a great extent. However, women's history has

  1. Language, Literacy, and Nationalism: Taiwan's Orthographic Transition from the Perspective of Han Sphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiung, Wi-vun Taiffalo

    2007-01-01

    The Han sphere, including Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and China, adopted Han characters and classical Han writing as the official written language before the 20th century. However, great changes came with the advent of the 20th century. After World War II, Han characters in Vietnam and Korea were officially replaced by the romanised "Chu…

  2. Determinación de los precios implícitos en bienes inmuebles : una alternativa a la modelización hedónica

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    RESUMEN Recientemente un nuevo enfoque para estimar el valor de bienes inmuebles está siendo cada vez más usado. Para ello se usan atributos internos del bien, y externos, del entorno, pues ambos son percibidos de forma diferente en el mercado. Así pues, propiedades con nivel de precios similar son consideradas como claramente diferenciadas en los mercados inmobiliarios. Las técnicas de Inteligencia Arti cial proporcionan nuevas posibilidades, en comparación con la modelización econométrica ...

  3. Administración económica del distrito inquisitorial de Valencia: la receptoría de bienes confiscados (1482-1493)

    OpenAIRE

    Tomás Botella, Bernardo

    2016-01-01

    El objeto de esta tesis doctoral es la receptoría de bienes confiscados de la Inquisición de Valencia, su estructura burocrática y sus procedimientos de actuación sobre la sociedad valenciana bajomedieval. Esta oficina se encargaba de ejecutar el secuestro y confiscación del patrimonio de los herejes condenados, así como de gestionar y liquidar dichos bienes una vez incorporados al fisco regio. Además, se ha analizado la evolución institucional que experimentó el Santo Oficio durante el perio...

  4. "Penuria pauperum clamat".Discursos letrados sobre los bienes eclesiásticos (Siglos XII-XVI): doctrinas ideales y realidades típicas

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael M. Pérez García

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo estudia los orígenes y el desarrollo de los discursos letrados sobre los bienes eclesiásticos entre los siglos XII y XVI. Generados en el marco de los procesos reformistas que se producen en la Iglesia durante este arco de tiempo, estos discursos acabaron conformando las mentalidades sociales sobre el clérigo ideal y su relación con los bienes materiales. This article studies the origins and development of the highbrow literature about the ecclesiastical properties...

  5. Costes de transacción vs costes de jerarquía en la provisión de bienes: Una interpretación smithiana

    OpenAIRE

    Trincado Aznar, Estrella

    2007-01-01

    En la teoría de Adam Smith, las jerarquías económicas nunca pueden reducir los costes de transacción del mercado. Para demostrarlo, el artículo estudia la definición de libertad Smithiana, que lleva a que cualquier imposición sobre la actividad independiente y creativa sea «costosa». También explica el tratamiento del tema de la provisión de bienes privados y públicos en la Riqueza de las Naciones. Por tanto, por un lado se describe la naturaleza de la empresa, que provee bienes privados, y p...

  6. El castellano bien templado

    OpenAIRE

    Sáenz, Miguel

    2009-01-01

    Este artículo se sirve de la música para establecer un paralelismo entre ésta y la traducción, pues si la traducción es una interpretación (musical) de un texto, puede haber innumerables traducciones válidas, pudiendo haber alguna “de referencia”. Además, se plantea que las facultades son como conservatorios donde los futuros traductores estudian técnicas y aprenden fundamentos teóricos (que compara con el solfeo, la armonía y la composición) y que las traducciones “envejecen” porque su es...

  7. Our Hitler - A Film by Hans-Jürgen Syberberg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsaesser, T.; Machtans, K.; Ruehl, M.A.

    2012-01-01

    A good deal of the interest aroused by the so-called New German Cinema in the 1970s and 1980s was generated by the impression - as well as the expectation - that the films of Werner Herzog, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Hans-Jürgen Syberberg, Wim Wenders, and others were not just another European new wa

  8. ["Snow" and "Walpurgisnacht". Hans Castorp's exemplary maturation crises in "Zauberberg"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrich, K; Walter, C

    1995-01-01

    On the occasion of a rather incidental visit in the sanatorium "Berghof" at Davos, Hans Castorp, the--as to his primary personality--asthenic and low-profile protagonist of the "Zauberberg" is gradually getting caught up in the maelstrom of the there prevailing timelessness and irresponsibility, this being interrupted solely by two tapering to crisis episodes: his amouressness to Mme. Chauchat as an erotic crisis and by the visionary daydream during a snowstorm about the abilities of men as a cognitive, mental crisis. Both events are triggered by a pathoid irritability, following the maxim of Th. Mann that illness, decay and death as borderline experiences may be the presupposition for cognition and reversal. Both crises end without consequences--the "Zauberberg" is the negation of the novel of education and development in the narrower sense. The unsuccessfulness and undecidedness of Hans Castorp's existence culminate in the open end of the novel, regarding his surviving on the battle field, and is in strict contrast to Adrian Leverkühn's determined autoinfection with Lues with the aim of artistic perfection and the creative break-through of "Doctor Faustus". Hans Castorp's regression and self-fragmentation within the decadent-morbid atmosphere of the sanatorium lead to his storming into the battles of the First World War as a last and existential crisis; it is here where finally the individual and national fate are merging. Hans Castorp becomes the paradigma of the German pre-war bourgeoisie and its crisis-prone development.

  9. Homage to Professor Hans-Åke Gustafsson

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    It was with deep sadness that we learned of the death of Professor Hans-Åke Gustafsson, an internationally recognized scientist, beloved colleague and friend. He passed away on Wednesday January 13th at the Lund University Hospital, surrounded by his loved ones, after a short battle against cancer. This is a great loss for all of us in ALICE and the whole heavy ion community. Hans-Åke, Professor at Lund University, was one of the pioneers of heavy ion physics with relativistic beams since its very beginning. He started his research at CERN, as a fellow at the ISOLDE ion beam facility, and immediately after, in the early 1980 joined the Plastic Ball collaboration at the Bevalac. One of the seminal papers of the field on the discovery of collective flow in relativistic nuclear collisions, co-authored by Hans-Åke, Hans Gutbrod and colleagues, stems from this period. From that point on he was always at the forefront of research with relativistic nuclear beams, being for three de...

  10. Steve Jobs, Ameerika Hans H. Luik / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Autor võrdleb Apple'i asutajat ja juhti Steve Jobsi Eesti meediaärimehe Hans H. Luigega. Vt. samas: Jobs: ärge raisake aega teiste elu elamisele; Forbes: iPhone'ist saab Apple'i suur hitt; CV: Steven Paul Jobs. Diagramm: Apple'i aktsia

  11. Hans Christian Ørsted : natuurwetenschapper als estheticus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Millekamp, Jan

    2012-01-01

    The Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted (1777-1851) is most famous for his discovery of electromagnetism, a discovery that literally and irreversibly changed our world. In Denmark he is also known as a poet and essayist. Interestingly, his scientific and his aesthetic work are closely interrelate

  12. President Hans Ager of Austrian Federal Council Visits China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>An Austrian goodwill delegation led by Hans . Ager, president of the Austrian Federal Coun-cil and board member of the Austrian Association for Promotion of Friendship and Cultural Relations with China (AAPFCRC), paid a friendly visit to China in November, 2003 at the invitation of the CPAFFC. On the delegation were Dietmar Bachmann, president of the Industrial Federation of

  13. El consumo de bienes religiosos. Una introducción económica al caso español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brañas-Garza, Pablo

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses the Economic of Religion issues to explore Spanish religious behaviour. Under this microeconomic framework religious practise is considered "rational" using Azzi-Ehrenberg (1975 arguments: salvation, social and professional motives. We test if that hypotheses may explain Spanish religious activity. To this end we run descriptive and multivariate analysis that allows us to conclude the following: theoretical models well perform Spanish data; gender, ageing, family size and education are positive determinant of church-attendance; the influence of parents behaviour on children religious activity.

    Este trabajo explora el comportamiento religioso de los españoles desde el enfoque de la Economía de la Religión. En un marco microeconómico y utilizando los argumentos de Azzi- Ehrenberg (1975 —motivo salvación, consumo y profesional—, la práctica religiosa resulta racional. En esta investigación estudiamos si estas hipótesis pueden explicar el comportamiento religioso de los españoles. Para ello se realizan análisis descriptivos y multivariantes que nos permiten concluir que: los modelos teóricos explican bien los datos españoles; que el sexo, la edad, el tamaño de la familia y la educación son determinantes positivos de la asistencia a iglesia; que el ejemplo de los padres influye en la actividad religiosa actual de los hijos.

  14. Environmental health risk assessment of dioxin exposure through foods in a dioxin hot spot-Bien Hoa City, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuyet-Hanh, Tran Thi; Vu-Anh, Le; Ngoc-Bich, Nguyen; Tenkate, Thomas

    2010-05-01

    This study used the Australian Environmental Health Risk Assessment Framework to assess the human health risk of dioxin exposure through foods for local residents in two wards of Bien Hoa City, Vietnam. These wards are known hot-spots for dioxin and a range of stakeholders from central government to local levels were involved in this process. Publications on dioxin characteristics and toxicity were reviewed and dioxin concentrations in local soil, mud, foods, milk and blood samples were used as data for this risk assessment. A food frequency survey of 400 randomly selected households in these wards was conducted to provide data for exposure assessment. Results showed that local residents who had consumed locally cultivated foods, especially fresh water fish and bottom-feeding fish, free-ranging chicken, duck, and beef were at a very high risk, with their daily dioxin intake far exceeding the tolerable daily intake recommended by the WHO. Based on the results of this assessment, a multifaceted risk management program was developed and has been recognized as the first public health program ever to have been implemented in Vietnam to reduce the risks of dioxin exposure at dioxin hot-spots.

  15. Environmental Health Risk Assessment of Dioxin Exposure through Foods in a Dioxin Hot Spot—Bien Hoa City, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This study used the Australian Environmental Health Risk Assessment Framework to assess the human health risk of dioxin exposure through foods for local residents in two wards of Bien Hoa City, Vietnam. These wards are known hot-spots for dioxin and a range of stakeholders from central government to local levels were involved in this process. Publications on dioxin characteristics and toxicity were reviewed and dioxin concentrations in local soil, mud, foods, milk and blood samples were used as data for this risk assessment. A food frequency survey of 400 randomly selected households in these wards was conducted to provide data for exposure assessment. Results showed that local residents who had consumed locally cultivated foods, especially fresh water fish and bottom-feeding fish, free-ranging chicken, duck, and beef were at a very high risk, with their daily dioxin intake far exceeding the tolerable daily intake recommended by the WHO. Based on the results of this assessment, a multifaceted risk management program was developed and has been recognized as the first public health program ever to have been implemented in Vietnam to reduce the risks of dioxin exposure at dioxin hot-spots.

  16. Créations graphiques réussissez vos brochures, logos, pages web, newsletters, flyers, et bien plus encore !

    CERN Document Server

    McWade, John

    2010-01-01

    Dans cet ouvrage, qui regroupe un florilège des meilleurs projets professionnels publiés dans son célèbre magazine de graphisme, Before & After, John McWade offre une présentation approfondie des principes de base du graphisme, avant de partager concrètement techniques et procédés. Dans un style simple et convivial, il analyse différentes créations graphiques abouties – brochures, lettres d'information, sites web, cartes de visite et autres supports visuels – et explique le pourquoi et le comment de leur réussite. À votre tour, inspirez-vous de ces exemples et employez ces mêmes techniques à l'envie pour améliorer vos propres documents. Vous apprendrez à: rogner des photos pour parfaire leur fonction et leur signification; attirer le regard du lecteur à l'emplacement souhaité à l'aide de huit solutions différentes; travailler sur les composants de base de la création graphique, tels que le trait, la forme, la direction, le mouvement, la mise à l'échelle, la couleur, et bien d'a...

  17. Los expedientes de incautación de bienes. El caso del partido judicial de Aracena (Huelva, 1936-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Jesús Feria Vázquez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se expone cómo la justicia en el bando nacional durante la Guerra Civil fue una herramienta en manos de las tropas del general Franco, ejerciéndose una política de represión económica a fin de financiar los gastos de la guerra y del aparato estatal que iban construyendo. Es lo que podríamos denominar como represión económica, o cómo el franquismo, además de asesinar o encarcelar a los opositores, les despojó de sus bienes, con la intención de anularles completamente y de paso financiar su cruzada.____________________ABSTRACT:This work presents how during the Civil War justice in the nationalist camp was a tool in the hands of general Franco’s troops, who exercised a policy of economic repression in order to cover the costs of the war and the state apparatus they were creating. This is what we can call economical repression, or how Franco’s regime, in addition to assassinating or imprisoning the opponents, stripped them of all they had, with an intention to eliminate them completely and at the same time finance their own crusade.

  18. La sucesión a los bienes de Juan Antonio Llorente, en París

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de la Lama, Enrique

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Llorente, one of the most famous critics of the Spanish Inquisition, «afrancesado » in top responsibility and well known in his own physical feature wich Goya made of him, died without leaving his last will. The present work studies in detail the notary documents referring to «succesio ab intestato», wich permit to know his library, his personal belongings as well as information about an illegitimate daughter born in France during his exile.

    Llorente, uno de los más afamados críticos de la Inquisición de España, afrancesado de alta responsabilidad y bien conocido en su mismo semblante físico por el retrato que le hizo Goya, falleció sin hacer testamento. El presente trabajo estudia detalladamente los documentos notariales de la sucesión «ab intestato», que permiten conocer su biblioteca y sus enseres personales, así como la noticia de una hija natural nacida en Francia durante su exilio.

  19. Variants, Layers of Authorial Intervention, and Texts in Lope de Vega’s La buena guarda and La encomienda bien guardada autograph manuscript

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefania Capoia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I study, analyze and classify the variant readings and the different layers of authorial intervention that appear in Lope de Vega’s La buena guarda and La encomienda bien guardada manuscript. I contend that the second version of the work should be edited, a possibility thus far neglected by modern editors.

  20. El vivir bien, una propuesta de los pueblos indígenas a la discusión sobre el desarrollo (Living well, a proposal from indigenous people to the development discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Canqui Mollo

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenÚltimamente hay una conciencia global sobre que la noción de desarrollo está pasando por serios procesos de crítica y reconstrucción, por las connotaciones evolucionistas y eurocéntricas predominantes en sus principales formulaciones, pensadas de cara a la construcción y ampliación de estados nacionales y de un proyecto económico y cultural dirigido a una progresiva modernización capitalista homogénea que busca la creciente satisfacción material e individual, fundada en formas que han amenazado con subordinar y transformar otros principios, culturas y conocimientos a su imagen y semejanza. Es en este marco, que el Vivir Bien, propuesta por los Pueblos Indígenas viene a sumarse a las distintas propuestas que han ido saliendo en cuanto a desarrollo se refiere. Esta propuesta comprendida por ellos como una traducción de las formas y estilos de vida, en su simplicidad muestra una compleja articulación entre la vida de los indígenas, sus recursos naturales y el vínculo estrecho entre ambos, dentro de un territorio.AbstractIn recent times there is a global awareness of the fact that the notion of development is going through a process of criticism and reconstruction, due to the evolutionary and Eurocentric connotations in its formulation, which is oriented to the construction and expansion of nation-states and an economic and cultural project led to a progressive and homogeneous capitalist modernization, aimed at increasing individual and material satisfaction. Those forms have threatened to subordinate and transform other principles, culture and knowledge. In this context we find the proposal of the indigenous peoples of Living Well. This proposal, understood by them as a translation of forms and lifestyles, shows in its simplicity, a complex articulation between the life of indigenous, their natural resources and the close link between them within a territory.

  1. Episodes of brittle deformation within the Dien Bien Phu Fault zone, Vietnam: Evidence from K-Ar age dating of authigenic illite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bui, Hoang Bac; Ngo, Xuan Thanh; Khuong, The Hung; Golonka, Jan; Nguyen, Tien Dung; Song, Yungoo; Itaya, Tetsumaru; Yagi, Koshi

    2017-01-01

    Constraining the timing of fault zone origin and movement history is of fundamental geotectonic importance to understand the evolution and processes of the brittle fault structures. The authors present in this paper authigenic illite K-Ar age data from the fault gouge samples, collected from the Dien Bien Phu Fault (DBPF) in the Dien Bien province, Vietnam as well as in a major strike-slip fault zone in South-East Asia; all of which played important roles in the structural formation and geotectonic development of northwestern Vietnam. The gouge fault samples were separated into four grain-size fractions (groups, from 26 to 29 Ma and 130 Ma. The timing of the fault movements is defined at 26 ± 0.24 Ma, 29 ± 0.61 Ma, 130.1 ± 1.27 Ma and 130.7 ± 1.29 Ma. This indicates that the Dien Bien Phu Fault underwent two movements, first in the Early Cretaceous, with an age of about 130 Ma and second in the Oligocene (Paleogene), with an age of about 26-29 Ma. The ductile deformation of the DBPF terminated during the Early Cretaceous. These studies also indicate slow exhumation of the Dien Bien granitoid complex during the Cretaceous times. The Oligocene ages indicate that the DBPF had been reactivated by the SE extrusion and clock-wise rotation of the Indochina block, caused by the collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates. This tectonic event led to the DBPF brittle-sinistral movement, causing the exhumation phase along the fault. This movement period (ca. 26-29 Ma) is coexistent with 600-700 km sinistral shearing along the Red River-Ailao Shan fault. This is the first report determining the absolute age constraints of multi-activated tectonic events, affecting the Dien Bien Phu Fault using the K-Ar dating method for the gouge samples.

  2. Modelo para la inflación básica de bienes transables y no transables en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Torres Trespalacios

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se estiman modelos de corto plazo para pronosticar la inflación de bienes transables y no transables en Colombia. Estos modelos no existían en el Banco Central antes de 2004 y son de gran utilidad para la toma de decisiones de política monetaria. También se evalúan los beneficios, en términos de análisis y de capacidad pronóstico, de utilizar métodos que capturen la posible no linealidad de la curva de Phillips en los datos colombianos. Aunque existen diferentes razones que justifican una relación no lineal de corto plazo entre producto e inflación, cada una de ellas sugiere una forma diferente para la curva. Por esta razón, se utilizan redes neuronales artificiales (ANN y los mínimos cuadrados flexibles (FLS, procedimientos que tienen la gran ventaja de que no imponen de antemano ninguna forma funcional que pueda sesgar los resultados. Una vez se hace la estimación de los modelos de inflación de transables y de no transables, se comparan los pronósticos de estos dos modelos no lineales con los de dos estimaciones lineales , se analizan las funciones de impulso respuesta de cada uno de los modelos y además se realiza una prueba de no linealidad. Se encuentra que la curva de Phillips en Colombia podria ser no lineal y por tanto, resulta pertinente considerar modelos no lineales para su estimación. Finalmente, con estos modelos se intenta explicar el proceso de desinflación que ha vivido la economía colombiana en los últimos años tanto en la inflación de transables, como en la de no transables.

  3. Manipulación mediática, identidad juvenil y prostitución de un bien necesario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Mosquera

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Algo que identifi ca al joven de hoy es la telefonía móvil, una nueva tecnología que invade todas las esferas de lavida pública y privada, cuya presencia se hace sentir a través de una multiplicidad de “ring-tones”. Este trabajo tienecomo objetivo general describir la interrelación que se da entre la manipulación de los medios a través del discursopublicitario sobre celulares, la construcción de la identidad juvenil y la prostitución de lo que otrora fuera un bien necesariocomo el teléfono. Se abordó un corpus compuesto por varios avisos publicitarios que circularon en los diariosvenezolanos El Nacional, La Verdad y Panorama durante agosto de 2005, desde la perspectiva teórico-metodológicade la semiótica crítica de González de Ávila y de la semiótica de la cultura de Lotman. También se utilizaron algunosaportes de Magariños de Morentin relacionados con la semiótica de los mensajes publicitarios, así como los de Caro Almela, Bourdieu, Pasquali y Eco sobre los mass-media. Los resultados revelaron una manipulación mediática a través del discurso publicitario, dirigida a crear la urgente necesidad de poseer un celular, porque éste es el signo-mercancía con el cual se identifi ca el joven actual. Una conclusión preliminar indica que la no-posesión de ese aparato hace aparecer al joven como un “excluido” de ese mundo de la telefonía móvil.

  4. Combustion of Han-Based Monopropellant Droplets in Reduced Gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, B. D.

    1999-01-01

    The objective of this research is to study combustion of monopropellant droplets and monopropellant droplet components in reduced-gravity environments so that spherical symmetry is strongly promoted. The experiments will use hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN, chemical formula NH3OHNO3) based monopropellants. This class of monopropellant is selected for study because of its current relevance and also because it is relatively benign and safe to work with. The experimental studies will allow for accurate determination of fundamental data on deflagration rates, gas-phase temperature profiles, transient gas-phase flame behaviors, the onset of bubbling in droplets at lower pressures, and the low-pressure deflagration limit. The theoretical studies will provide rational models of deflagration mechanisms of HAN-based liquid propellants. Besides advancing fundamental knowledge, the proposed research should aid in applications (e.g., spacecraft thrusters and liquid propellant guns) of this unique class of monopropellants.

  5. Hans Christian Ørsted reading nature's mind

    CERN Document Server

    Christensen, Dan Charly

    2013-01-01

    Hans Christian Orsted (1777-1851) is of great importance as a scientist and philosopher far beyond the borders of Denmark and his own time. At the centre of an international network of scholars, he was instrumental in founding the world picture of modern physics. Orsted was the physicist who brought Kant's metaphysics to fruition. In 1820 his discovery of electro-magnetism, a phenomenon that could not possibly exist according to his adversaries, changed the course of research in physics. It inspired Michael Faraday's experiments and discovery of the adverse effect, magneto-electric induction. The two physical phenomena were later described in mathematical equations by J.C. Maxwell. Together these discoveries constitute the prerequisites for the overwhelming development of modern technology. But Orsted was also one of the cultural leaders and organizers of the Danish Golden Age (together with Grundtvig, Kierkegaard, and Hans-Christian Andersen, his protege), and made significant contributions to aesthetics, ph...

  6. Hans von Hattingberg (1879-1944) Leben und Werk

    OpenAIRE

    Keifenheim, Katharina Eva

    2011-01-01

    Hans von Hattingberg, geboren am 18.11.1879 in Wien, wird heute vor allem mit dem Deutschen Institut für Psychologische Forschung und Psychotherapie („Göring-Institut“) in Verbindung gebracht, wo er sich mit der „Neuen Deutschen Seelenheilkunde“ und der Erarbeitung von „Thesen zur Neurosenlehre“ befasste. Interessanterweise war Hattingberg bis 1932 eher eine Randfigur in der Psychotherapeutenszene und galt vielen als unbelehrbarer Querulant. Viele seiner Arbeiten wurden nie veröffentlicht, u...

  7. Hans Woller, Mussolini. Der erste Faschist. Eine Biographie

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador, Alessandro

    2017-01-01

    La vita di Benito Mussolini, il fascismo e la Seconda guerra mondiale occupano una posizione ancora scomoda nella memoria storica italiana. È un po’ questo il pensiero dominante della biografia realizzata da Hans Woller. La stessa definizione di biografia, per questo volume, è decisamente riduttiva. Attraverso undici date e luoghi chiave della storia di Mussolini e del fascismo, Woller riesce in un’impresa non semplice: sintetizzare il più recente e completo stato della ricerca su quel period...

  8. CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN OLDER HAN WOMEN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Tao; Yuan, Zhong

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. Malnutrition is one of the most prevalent problems in older people, but there is little information about the nutritional status of the older women in China. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the nutritional status and clinically correlated factors for malnutrition in older Han women in China. In total, 2,556 hospital- and community-based Han women aged 60 years or older were recruited between May 2007 and December 2014. All women completed comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) was used to assess the nutritional status. The clinically corre- lated factors for malnutrition were also analyzed, including social factors, health status, and dietary behavior. The average age of these women was 75.9 ± 9.4 years, and 63.8% women lived in urban areas. Of the total respondents, 344 and 716 women were classified as malnutrition and at risk of malnutrition, respectively. Five factors were independently and positively correlated with poor nutrition, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), gastrointestinal disease, depression, cognitive impairment, and comorbidity (≥ 2). Three factors were independently and negatively correlated with poor nutrition, including economic status, meat intake, and fish intake. The older Han women with these five health problems should be given more attention with regards to their nutritional status. Improving economic status, eating more meat and fish were recommended for preventing poor nutrition in older women.

  9. La economía social y solidaria como alternativa económica. Bienes comunes y democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Abad Montesinos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Resumen: El presente artículo trata de enmarcar la economía social y solidaria en el seno del actual debate producto de la crisis económica vigente, haciendo especial hincapié en las cuestiones relacionadas con los bienes comunes y la gestión democrática. La crisis presente ha puesto de manifiesto la necesidad de proponer modelos socio-económicos alternativos que aúnen democracia, compromiso social y sostenibilidad del medio ambiente. La economía social y solidaria, sin ser un programa homogéneo, está contribuyendo a proponer respuestas a algunos de los problemas actuales en materia de desempleo e integración social, revalorizando en los procesos económicos, no sólo los intercambios mercantiles, sino también los intereses sociales y los recursos naturales. Abstract:This article aims to enlighten the importance ofsolidary and social economy in the present discussion, whose importance has increased as a result of the current economic crisis, making a special emphasis on subjects such as commons goods and democratic management. The crisis has brought up the need for alternative socio-economical management models which must combine democracy, social commitment and environmental sustainability. Solidary and social economy, without being a homogeneous program, are proposing answers to some of the present problems related to unemployment and social integration, contributing to increase the value of economic processes, not only in commercial exchanges, but also the social interest and natural resources. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso

  10. Negros y pardos propietarios de bienes raíces y de esclavos en el Buenos Aires de fines del período hispánico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosal, Miguel A.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo pretende ilustrar un aspecto poco conocido dentro de la problemática afroporteña; nos referimos a la capacidad para adquirir bienes inmuebles —terrenos y casas— y esclavos que tenían los integrantes de la raza africana, en general de condición libre, pero también esclavizados, en el Buenos Aires tardocolonial, capacidad fundada sin duda en una significativa actividad laboral y, en especial, artesanal. En ese sentido, hacemos referencia a las características de los inmuebles, a los precios de los mismos, a su ubicación en el espacio urbano (distribución de los afroporteños según los barrios y, por último, a la participación de negros y blancos en el mercado porteño de compraventa de bienes raíces y de esclavos.

  11. “Jeneros de gusto y sobretodos ingleses”: el impacto cultural del consumo de bienes ingleses por la clase alta bogotana .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Otero Cleves.

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el impacto cultural del consumo de bienes Inglés por la clase alta de Bogotá durante el siglo XIX. Se sugiere que el consumo de productos Inglés después de la independencia del país fue uno de los principales mecanismos empleados por las clases altas para asegurar su posición social, así como para construir una nación moderna, de acuerdo a las normas europeas. Por lo tanto, el artículo analiza el papel que el consumo de bienes extranjeros en el proceso de construcción de la nación y la diferenciación social en el siglo XIX.

  12. Hacia una economía más humana: Tecnología en bienes vitales para reducir el costo de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Runciman Saettone

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio representa un ensayo que tiene como objetivo proponer lineamientos aplicables a la economía peruana para incrementar la productividad en la elaboración de los bienes vitales (agua segura, alimentos nutritivos, abrigo y techo y los servicios asociados a ellos. A juicio de los autores, estos son los bienes indispensables para emprender cualquier proyecto de vida del ser humano. En la aplicación, se presentan ejemplos de proyectos que permitirían lograr el objetivo en el Perú. Para ello, se toman en consideración aspectos geográficos determinantes; el desarrollo de la infraestructura de energía, transporte y sistemas hídricos; y la propuesta de un plan de desarrollo a nivel macroregional.

  13. Prolegómenos al vivir bien-buen vivir: una evaluación normativa y práctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Cruz Rodríguez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo examina el concepto de vivir bien-buen vivir ponderando sus contribuciones y limitaciones. Esta cosmovisión tiene un horizonte normativo más ambicioso que el paradigma del desarrollo, pues apuesta por una concepción de la pobreza y la riqueza que no se reduce a la acumulación de bienes materiales, una economía que comprende sus efectos sobre la naturaleza y se centra en la satisfacción de necesidades, y una descolonización de los saberes. No obstante, se caracteriza por un déficit de operacionalización que se manifiesta en la dificultad para definir políticas concretas e indicadores de medición precisos.

  14. Palpitando la modernidad: el negocio de bienes raíces en Cali (Colombia a partir del caso de Jorge Garcés Borrero, 1900-1944

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Fernanda Erazo Obando

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el movimiento de compra y venta de bienes raíces en Cali (Colombia durante la primera mitad del siglo XX. Para ello, se toma como referencia la empresa del comerciante Jorge Garcés Borrero, la cual, se enfocó principalmente en la ejecución de este tipo de negocios. Dicha empresa, a pesar de no haberse constituido legal y jurídicamente, presentó las características de una compañía como tal, generando importantes inversiones y ganancias a partir del mercado de bienes. Apoyados en fuentes notariales se explica el desarrollo de esta actividad comercial entre 1900-1944.

  15. Palpitando la modernidad: el negocio de bienes raíces en Cali (Colombia a partir del caso de Jorge Garcés Borrero, 1900-1944

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Fernanda Erazo Obando

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el movimiento de compra y venta de bienes raíces en Cali (Colombia durante la primera mitad del siglo XX. Para ello, se toma como referencia la empresa del comerciante Jorge Garcés Borrero, la cual, se enfocó principalmente en la ejecución de este tipo de negocios. Dicha empresa, a pesar de no haberse constituido legal y jurídicamente, presentó las características de una compañía como tal, generando importantes inversiones y ganancias a partir del mercado de bienes. Apoyados en fuentes notariales se explica el desarrollo de esta actividad comercial entre 1900-1944.

  16. Fuentes de información para el diseño de un Sistema de Vigilancia e Inteligencia en el Registro Provincial de Bienes Culturales de Matanzas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justa Bielka Cantillo González

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Por la importancia que reviste la conservación del Patrimonio Cultural, se identifican, con la utilización de herramientas estadísticas (Coeficiente de Concordancia de Kendall las fuentes de información relevantes, para el posterior diseño de un Sistema de Vigilancia e Inteligencia en el Registro Provincial de Bienes Culturales de la provincia de Matanzas

  17. Ischemic stroke susceptibility gene in a Northern Han Chinese population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haiping Wang; Shujuan Shi; Wenjing Yan; Yan Song; Jingjing Zhan; Chen Zhang; Haiji Wang

    2013-01-01

    Interleukin-18 gene promoter polymorphisms are potential risk factors for ischemic cerebrovascular disease, and the-607C al ele may increase ischemic stroke risk in the Han Chinese population. In the present study, we recruited 291 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease from the Affi-liated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical Col ege, China, and 226 healthy controls. Both pa-tients and controls were from the Han population in northern China. Immunoresonance scattering assays detected increased serum amyloid A protein, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-18 levels in ischemic cerebrovascular disease patients compared with healthy controls. Analysis of the-607C/A (rs1946518) polymorphism in the interleukin-18 gene promoter showed ischemic cerebrovascular disease patients exhibited increased frequencies of the CC genotype and C al eles than healthy controls. Genotype and al ele frequencies of the interleukin-18-137G/C (rs187238) polymorphism and the-13T/C (rs11024595) polymorphism in the 5'-flanking region of serum amyloid A, showed no significant difference between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis on the interleukin-18 promoter A/C genetic locus, for correction of age, gender, history of smoking, hyper-tension, diabetes mel itus, hypercholesteremia, and an ischemic stroke family history, showed ischemic cerebrovascular disease risk in individuals without the A al ele (C homozygotes) was 2.2-fold greater than in A al ele carriers. Overal , our findings suggest that the-13T/C (rs11024595) polymorphism in the 5′-flanking region of serum amyloid A has no correlation with ischemic cere-brovascular disease, but the C al ele of the-607C/A (rs1946518) polymorphism in the interleukin-18 promoter is a high-risk factor for ischemic cerebrovascular disease in the Han population of northern China. In addition, the A al ele is likely a protective gene for ischemic cerebrovascular disease.

  18. Formation of THMs and HANs during bromination of Microcystis aeruginosa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunzhu Pu; Lingzhao Kong; Xin Huang; Guoji Ding; Naiyun Gao

    2013-01-01

    Bromine-contained disinfectants and biocides are widely used in swimming pools,recreational waters and cooling towers.The objective of this study was to evaluate the formation of thrihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetonitriles (HANs) and their cytotoxicity in algae solutions during free bromine disinfection.Disinfection by-products formation potential experiments were conducted using modelsolutions containing 7mg/L (as total organic carbon) Microcystis aeruginosa cells.Effects of free bromine dosage,pH and ammonia were investigated.The results showed that brominated disinfection by-products were the major products when free bromine was applied.The total THMs formed during bromination was much as that formed during chlorination,whereas HANs were elevated by using bromination instead of chlorination.Dibromoacetonitrice (C2H2NBr2) and bromoform (CHBr3) were the only detected species during free bromine disinfection.The production of C2H2NBr2 and CHBr3 increased with disinfectant dosage but decreased with dosing ammonia.CHBr3 increased with the pH changing from 5 to 9.However,C2H2NBr2 achieved the highest production at neutral pH,which was due to a joint effect of variation in hydrolysis rate and free bromine reactivity.The hydrolysis of C2H2NBr2 was basecatalytic and nearly unaffected by disinfectant.Finally,estimation of cytotoxicity of the disinfected algae solutions showed that HANs formation was responsible for the majority of toxicity.Considering its highest toxicity among the measured disinfection by-products,the elevated C2H2NBr2 should be considered when using bromine-related algaecide.

  19. La América Latina y El Caribe en 1913 y 1925. Enfoque desde las importaciones de bienes de capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Tafunell

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo estudiamos el desarrollo económico alcanzado por la totalidad de los Estados latinoamericanos y caribeños soberanos en 1913 y 1925 desde una perspectiva inédita en el estudio del conjunto de la región: las importaciones y la producción –que sumadas equivalen al consumo aparente– de bienes de capital. Asegurada la fiabilidad de las estadísticas del comercio exterior, procedemos a reconstruir las magnitudes de los bienes de capital adquiridos por las 20 repúblicas. También estimamos la producción interna. La nueva evidencia empírica pone de manifiesto las enormes diferencias existentes en el seno de la región en el consumo per cápita de bienes de capital al término de la primera oleada globalizadora. La comparación entre los niveles de 1913 y 1925 revela que, en general, la contienda mundial no favoreció el proceso de sustitución de importaciones de la región, pero no en todos los países por igual.

  20. El dominio público y los bienes públicos: Europa y América Latina. ¿El hijo sigue mirando al padre?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Chemás

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El estudio del derecho de los bienes públicos en América Latina y en Colombia es algo todavía poco desarrollado. Se sigue mirando hacia el derecho comparado para obtener respuestas, tal como un hijo mira a su padre, porque fue allá donde surgieron los grandes desarrollos del tema. El dominio público en Europa y América Latina es producto de un encuentro entre varias autoridades en el tema de los bienes públicos tanto de Europa como de América Latina. Esta reseña se divide en tres partes: i un breve análisis de derecho comparado frente al concepto de dominio público; ii la identificación de los contenidos más interesantes e innovadores de los regímenes de bienes públicos, y iii un ejercicio académico para que el lector lo desarrolle al leer el libro.

  1. Hans H. Ussing - scientific work: contemporary significance and perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Erik Hviid

    2002-01-01

    As a zoologist, Hans H. Ussing began his scientific career by studying the marine plankton fauna in East Greenland. This brought him in contact with August Krogh at the time George de Hevesy, Niels Bohr and Krogh planned the application of artificial radioactive isotopes for studying the dynamic...... studies of high and low resistance epithelia and generalized the description of epithelial transport. He devoted the last decade of his scientific life to solute-coupled water transport. He introduced the sodium recirculation theory of isotonic transport, and in an experimental study, he obtained...

  2. HANS SELYE 70 YEARS LATER: STEROIDS, STRESS ULCERS & H. PYLORI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabó, Sándor

    2014-03-30

    Although Hans Selye is mostly known for his discovery & development of the stress concept, he also introduced the first physiologically sound, structure-activity classification of steroids that was also based on the chemical structure of steroids in 1943. He not only introduced the names of glucocorticoids & mineralocorticoids but discovered the anti- & pro-inflammatory properties, respectively, of these steroids in animal models. Furthermore, he not only described the first stress-induced gastric ulcers in rats (1936) & characterized the first human 'stress ulcers' during the air-raids in London during World War 11 (1943). Thus, Selye was a much more productive & creative scientist than it is generally considered.

  3. Hans-Georg Gadamer en die Ou Testament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. le Roux

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Hans-George Gadamer and the Old Testament Some aspects of Gadamer�s hermeneutics are discussed below: his view on method, the finiteness of being human, the value of prejudices and so forth. With Gadamer�s help we are also able to think anew about our South African Old Testament tradition. He has perspectives and concepts which can help us to reword the basic questions of Old Testament scholarship. Of course, Gadamer is but one possibility, but he was one of the most important thinkers of the twentieth century. Whoever struggles with him also gains insight into the hermeneutical perspectives of the twentieth century.

  4. RHD gene polymorphism among RhD-negative Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐群; 张建业; 王勤友; 张世训; 司桂玲

    2003-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the status of eight RHD specific exons in 131 Han Chinese blood donors who were classified as RhD-negative by serological methods and explore the genomic structure of RHD gene among the Han Chinese. The Rh blood group system has the highest prevalence of polymorphisms among human blood group systems and is clinically significant in transfusion medicine. The Rh antigens are expressed on polypeptides encoded by two highly homologous genes, RHD and RHCE. Recent molecular studies have shown that the RhD-negative trait could be generated by multiple genetic mechanisms and is ethnic group-dependent.Methods The polymerase chain reaction using-sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) was used to amplify exons 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 and 10 of RHD gene and exons 1, 2 and 5 of RHCE gene, as well as intron 4 in each of them.Results The 131 cases of RhD-negative phenotypes consisted of 60 ccee, 58 Ccee, 5 ccEe, 5 CcEe and 3 CCee. Among them, 83 with the Rh ccee or ccEe phenotypes (63.4%) lacked the eight RHD exons indicated above, while 26 cases with the Rh Ccee, CCee, CcEe phenotypes (19.9%) had all the RHD exons examined. Twenty-two individuals with the Ccee, CCee, CcEe phenotypes (16.8%) carried at least one RHD exon. The phenotypes of the RhD negative individuals carrying the RHD gene were Rh CC or Cc, but not cc. Conclusions Three classes of RhD-negative polymorphisms among a population of Han Chinese were observed. Antigen association analysis suggested the existence of a novel class of RhD-negative associated haplotype in Han Chinese. This haplotype consisted of a normal RHCE allele and a nonfunctional RHD gene. It may be beneficial to redefine the RhD-negative blood group among Chinese populations upon clarification of the mechanisms of RHD gene expression and RhD antigen immunization.

  5. Dasar-Dasar Ontologis Pemahaman Hermeneutik Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Darmaji

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Hans-Georg Gadamer explicitly agrees with Heidegger that ‘Being’ is always been understood through the language and the dimension of time. So to catch up the Being, we need to know the Being itself, and to understand it. To understand means to perceive within the time and historicity. This paper will make clear the ontological basics of Gadamer’s hermeneutics containing: the relationship between historical aspect and understanding; hermeneutic discourse and sequential distance; prejudice and understanding; effective historical consciousness; understanding as application; and the structure of questions and answers.DOI: 10.15408/ref.v13i4.911

  6. A study on drought trend in Han River Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hung-Soo [Sun Moon University, Chonan(Korea); Moon, Jang-Won; Kim, Jae-Hyung; Kim, Joong-Hoon [Korea Univ., Seoul(Korea)

    2000-08-31

    The drought analysis is performed by applications of truncation level method and conditional probability concept for hydrologic time series in Han river basin. The distributed trend of conditional probability is determined using kriging method for the time series. This study uses daily flowrate, monthly rainfall, and daily high temperature data sets. The daily flowrate data of 12 years(1986-1997) is used for the analysis. Also, the 14 years' data sets(1986-1999) for monthly rainfall and daily high temperature obtained from the National Weather Service of Korea are used in this study. In the cases of flowrate and rainfall data sets, the estimated value corresponding to the truncation level is decreased as the truncation level is increased but in the high temperature data, the value is increased as the truncation level is increased. The conditional probability varies according to the observations and sites. However, the distributed trend of drought is similar over the basin. As a result, the possibility of the drought is high in the middle and lower parts of Han river basin and thus it is recommended the distributed trend of drought be considered when the plan or measures for drought are established. (author). 10 refs., 9 tabs., 5 figs.

  7. The anatomist Hans Elias: A Jewish German in exile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrandt, S

    2012-04-01

    Hans Elias (1907 to 1985) was an anatomist, an educator, a mathematician, a cinematographer, a painter, and a sculptor. Above all, he was a German of Jewish descent, who had to leave his home country because of the policies of the National Socialist (NS) regime. He spent his life in exile, first in Italy and then in the United States. His biography is exemplary for a generation of younger expatriates from National Socialist Germany who had to find a new professional career under difficult circumstances. Elias was a greatly productive morphologist whose artistic talent led to the foundation of the new science of stereology and made him an expert in scientific cinematography. He struggled hard to fulfill his own high expectations of himself in terms of his effectiveness as a scientist, educator, and politically acting man in this world. Throughout his life this strong-willed and outspoken man never lost his great fondness for Germany and many of its people, while reserving some of his sharpest criticism for fellow anatomists who were active in National Socialist Germany, among them his friend Hermann Stieve, Max Clara, and Heinrich von Hayek. Hans Elias' life is well documented in his unpublished diaries and memoirs, and thus allows fresh insights into a time period when some anatomists were among the first victims of NS policies and other anatomists became involved in the execution of such policies.

  8. Complete blood count reference intervals for healthy Han Chinese adults.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinzhong Wu

    Full Text Available Complete blood count (CBC reference intervals are important to diagnose diseases, screen blood donors, and assess overall health. However, current reference intervals established by older instruments and technologies and those from American and European populations are not suitable for Chinese samples due to ethnic, dietary, and lifestyle differences. The aim of this multicenter collaborative study was to establish CBC reference intervals for healthy Han Chinese adults.A total of 4,642 healthy individuals (2,136 males and 2,506 females were recruited from six clinical centers in China (Shenyang, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, and Xi'an. Blood samples collected in K2EDTA anticoagulant tubes were analyzed. Analysis of variance was performed to determine differences in consensus intervals according to the use of data from the combined sample and selected samples.Median and mean platelet counts from the Chengdu center were significantly lower than those from other centers. Red blood cell count (RBC, hemoglobin (HGB, and hematocrit (HCT values were higher in males than in females at all ages. Other CBC parameters showed no significant instrument-, region-, age-, or sex-dependent difference. Thalassemia carriers were found to affect the lower or upper limit of different RBC profiles.We were able to establish consensus intervals for CBC parameters in healthy Han Chinese adults. RBC, HGB, and HCT intervals were established for each sex. The reference interval for platelets for the Chengdu center should be established independently.

  9. [The psychobiology of Hans Lungwitz (1881-1967)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Reinhold

    2003-01-01

    Hans Lungwitz began to formulate his concept of philosophical and medical anthropology in 1924, and continued to develop it until his death in 1967. From his long experience as a neurologist, he arrived at a comprehensive theory of psychobiology which describes mental processes as biological / physiological function of neural structures in the human brain. Lungwitz's approach to holistic biological view of thought and experience to brain function and reflex behaviour, and provides a holistic biological view of the human brain, free from metaphysics. This is shown here as: the subject-object-relationship, the human being described as a reflex system; the psychobiology of language and speech; the way a person perceives (Weltanschauung); illness as infantilism in general and recover therefrom, especially in the context of treatment by the method of cognitive therapy, inaugurated by Lungwitz.

  10. Introduction to Professor HAN Jing-xian's Academic Thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆明霞; 丁晓蓉

    2006-01-01

    @@ Professor HAN Jing-xian graduated from the Department of Medicine in Tianjin Medical University in 1970. He made a further study of experimental medicine in Kitasato University, Japan between 1987 and 1988. He was engaged in aging research in mouse in Kyoto University, Japan between 1988-1989, and in practicing traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in Mutian and other Hospitals from 1991 to 1994. In 1997, he won an excellent returned students award from Ministry of Health and was awarded special allowance by State Council. As a research fellow, he won an award of national scientific and technical progress and seven awards of local scientific and technical progress. He published more than twenty articles at home and abroad, including five SCI papers; and wrote four monographs, one of which, Acupuncture Techniques (in Japanese) has been considered as a guidance book for acupuncture practice in the acupuncture circle in Japan.

  11. [Hans Selye, the grandmaster of creativity and originality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somogyi, Árpád

    2015-08-30

    Hans Selye, the father of the stress concept, was a giant of science of the twentieth century. Beyond his best-known work on stress, he also made several discoveries on various other fields of experimental medicine. He described and characterized various pluricausal diseases. In addition, he made pivotal contributions to the broad field of endocrinology, especially to the classification of steroids and to our better understanding of their mode of action. He developed surgical technics and experimental animal models suitable for studying the pathogenesis and prevention of human diseases. Selye was an extremely well educated, highly intelligent and disciplined individual, an original and creative scientist, an outstanding teacher, a philosopher, a prolific author, a fabulous communicator and a gifted organizer successfully establishing, developing and managing a major academic research institution, the word-famous Institute of Experimental Medicine and Surgery of the University of Montreal.

  12. Hans Hinterreiter’s non-linear transformations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makovicky, Emil

    Hans Hinterreiter (1902-1989) was a Swiss painter, belonging to the Constructivist movement, who spent most of his life in Ibiza, Spain. Since 1930 he occupied himself with the laws of form and colour. Parallel to Escher, he discovered laws of coloured symmetry before crystallographers started...... poster illustrates four different cases of this process, starting always with a plane-group pattern and showing both the application of non-linear transformations and coloured symmetry. In his more complex patterns, two of which are shown on the poster, Hinterreiter created domains of affinely......-step approach that combines plane group patterns with the principles of coloured symmetry and nonlinear transformations, his understanding of crystallographic and non-crystallographic symmetry and a meticulous application of these principles even to the most complex patterns produced a legacy close to the heart...

  13. From chemistry to consciousness the legacy of Hans Primas

    CERN Document Server

    Müller-Herold, Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    This book reflects on the significant and highly original scientific contributions of Hans Primas. A professor of chemistry at ETH Zurich from 1962 to 1995, Primas continued his research activities until his death in 2014. Over these 50 years and more, he worked on the foundations of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, contributed to a number of significant issues in theoretical chemistry, helped to clarify central topics in quantum theory and the philosophy of physics, suggested innovative ways of addressing interlevel relations in the philosophy of science, and introduced cutting-edge approaches in the flourishing young field of scientific studies of consciousness. His work in these areas of research and its continuing impact is described by noted experts, colleagues, and collaborators of Primas. All authors contextualize their contributions to facilitate the mutual dialog between these fields.

  14. Responsibility to Nature? Hans Jonas and Environmental Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Wolsing

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the philosopher Hans Jonas’s idea of an environmental ethics. Through an outline of the development of man’s relation to nature from Greek antiquity to the present it is argued that science and technology in modernity favour a relation of exploitation which is partly the cause of fatal climate changes. Through Jonas’s philosophical notion of an ontology of man as an alternative to classical dualism and by means of a turn to an ontological interpretation of Kant’s categorical imperative, it is argued that mankind has a responsibility to both coming generations and to the biosphere as a whole. Not only does this ontological shift from philosophy of mind to an ontology of man transcend dualism in philosophy, it throws a new critical light on the technological development and suggests a new way of considering man’s place in the cosmos.

  15. Hans Christian Jacobaeus: Inventor of human laparoscopy and thoracoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatzinger, Martin; Kwon, S T; Langbein, S; Kamp, S; Häcker, Axel; Alken, Peter

    2006-11-01

    Hans Christian Jacobaeus performed the first clinical laparoscopic surgery in Stockholm. This pioneering procedure was based on the animal experiments of Georg Kelling (1866-1945), a German physician from Dresden, who performed the first laparoscopic intervention in 1901 using a Nitz cystoscope in a dog. In 1910, Jacobaeus published his initial experiences with laparoscopic surgery in the Münchner Medizinischen Wochenschrift under the title "The Possibilities for Performing Cystoscopy in Examinations of Serous Cavities." He used this technique for diagnostic purposes in undefined abdominal complaints and functional impairment. Jacobaeus was the first who pointed out the possibility of injuring organs, especially the intestines, by inserting the trocar. In 1910, Jacobaeus recognized the immense diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities of laparoscopic surgery, as well as its difficulties and limits. He also was the first to realize the need for initial endoscopic training in animals and corpses. He promoted the development of special laparoscopic instruments to optimize and simplify the procedure.

  16. Avances y perspectivas del derecho para la restitución de bienes culturales a sus países de origen: el caso del patrimonio cultural quimbaya

    OpenAIRE

    Rengifo Lozano, Antonio José

    2013-01-01

    Con base en el estudio comparado de los casos de restitución de los Mármoles del Partenón, promovido por Grecia y del Patrimonio Cultural Quimbaya en Colombia, el presente artículo sustenta la tesis de que aunque el derecho para la restitución de bienes culturales se encuentra en etapa inicial de consolidación y, por tanto, de seguro tendrá muchos desarrollos en el futuro, existen en la actualidad bases jurídicas suficientes para hacer efectiva esa restitución, necesaria para realizar el l...

  17. La prescripción de bienes inmuebles y la garantía de los derechos patrimoniales de las personas

    OpenAIRE

    Salguero Real, Mayra Semira

    2012-01-01

    La presente tesis intitulada “La Prescripción de Bienes Inmuebles y la Garantía de los Derechos Patrimoniales de las Personas” se realiza como requisito previo a la obtención del título de Magister en Derecho Civil y Procesal Civil, desarrollada en cuatro capítulos, cuyo contenido se detalla a continuación. En el Capítulo I, aborda el problema que da lugar a esta investigación, esto es, la ausencia de procedimiento para la ejecución de los títulos escriturarios por la vía Ordinaria medi...

  18. Sobre los saberes culturales y el fenómeno "sentirse bien-sentirse mal" On cultural knowledge and the phenomenon "feel good-fell bad"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virtudes Rodero Sánchez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es identificar los saberes culturales inmersos en el fenómeno "sentirse-bien, sentirse mal", en diferentes situaciones de cuidado. Se elaboró un estudio cualitativo con un enfoque fenomenológico interpretativo, mediante el análisis de 18 narrativas a partir de entrevistas en profundidad realizadas por alumnas del Máster en Ciencias de la Enfermería en diferentes contextos de cuidados. Las categorías identificadas fueron: (1 Cronicidad y concepto de sentirse bien-sentirse mal. En la cronicidad este concepto está íntimamente relacionado con la recuperación de las actividades de la vida diaria y es componente importante en la percepción individual del concepto "calidad de vida". (2 Momentos agudos de enfermedad y concepto de sentirse bien-sentirse mal. En el análisis de los relatos del paciente aparecieron aspectos esenciales del fenómeno "sentirse bien-sentirse mal" para aumentar la comprensión de aspectos universales de algunos de sus componentes. Destacar que el fenómeno está íntimamente relacionado con la recuperación de las actividades de la vida diaria, y es un mediador importante en la percepción individual del concepto "calidad de vida". El interés de cara al cuidado es distinguir sus componentes universales, contextualizarlos en la práctica, dentro de las singularidades que presenta cada persona, de modo que nos permita su potenciación. El resultado es un cambio en la experiencia sentida.The object of the present study is to identify cultural knowledges immersed in the feeling-well, feeling-bad phenomenon in different care settings. A qualitative study was undertaken using a phenomenological interpretation approach through a meta-analysis of 18 narratives of profound interviews undertaken by Nursing Science Master Degree Students in different care situations. The categories established were: (1 Chronicity and the concept of feeling well-feeling bad. In this category, this concept is

  19. Aguas dulces y derecho internacional : el agua como bien común y como derecho humano desde la perspectiva del desarrollo sostenible

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene por objeto el análisis del régimen internacional de las aguas dulces como bien común y como derecho humano, desde una perspectiva del desarrollo sostenible. El análisis separado del régimen internacional de las aguas dulces compartidas y el régimen internacional del derecho humano al agua y al saneamiento nos permite detectar un cambio de paradigma en la regulación de la materia que puede apuntar una progresiva priorización de la garantía del DHAS y la gestió...

  20. El objeto de protección del derecho penal y el bien jurídico tutelado por el derecho penal en el estado social de derecho

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    El resumen es una presentación abreviada y precisa (la NTC 1486 de 2008 recomienda El presente texto, tiene como finalidad reconstruir la línea del pensamiento jurídico penal en torno al objeto de protección y la relación que este concepto guarda con el bien jurídico tutelado. Esta reconstrucción nos permitirá demostrar la inviabilidad de la teoría funcionalista de Gunter Jakobs frente al objeto de protección en un Estado Social de Derecho, democrático, participativo y pluralista, fundando en...

  1. LA LEY 4/2012, DE 6 DE JULIO, DE APROVECHAMIENTO POR TURNO DE BIENES DE USOS TURÍSTICOS: ¿NUEVO PRODUCTO TURÍSTICO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Ramón Fernández

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Los productos turísticos adaptados a las TICs y a la combinación entre propiedad y arrendamiento ha sido objeto de legislación desde 1998. La mal denominada multipropiedad, también conocida como aprovechamiento por turno de bienes de usos turístico ha sido regulada recientemente, junto con otros contratos como los productos vacacionales de larga duración. En este trabajo exponemos su consideración como producto, así como los cambios introducidos en la Ley 4/2012, de 6 de julio, y su apertura al ámbito del turismo activo.

  2. ENTRE EL HUMANISMO Y EL MERCANTILISMO: EL BIEN COMÚN EN EL ABASTO DE CARNE DE CIUDAD DE MÉXICO, 1708-1716

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroz,Enriqueta

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo se analizan las prácticas políticas ejercidas por miembros del gobierno local en la ciudad de México a principios del siglo XVIII, en torno al abasto de carne. La idea es observar la búsqueda del bien común, pero asentado no solo en bases humanistas, sino también dentro de una política mercantilista, en la que los intereses económicos de la Corona pretenden confluir como en un solo cuerpo con los de sus súbditos.

  3. STR polymorphisms of the Henan population and investigation of the Central Plains Han origin of Chaoshanese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Li-Na; Hu, Sheng-Ping; Feng, Guo-Ying

    2009-08-01

    Allele frequencies for 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci were obtained from a Chinese Han population in Henan province of middle China. No deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed for the STR loci except for D3S1358. The 15 STR loci are potentially useful for paternity testing and forensic casework in the Henan population. A phylogenetic tree based on CODIS STR allele frequencies of 25 Han populations revealed noticeable but far less clear distinctions between southern and northern Chinese populations; the Henan Han population was located at an intermediate position between south and north Chinese Han populations, relatively closer to Chaoshan and Minnan Han. Moreover, admixture analysis showed a large proportion of Central Plains Han origin in Chaoshanese and Minnanese. Admixture and phylogenetic analysis also reflected the genetic similarity shared by these two groups.

  4. La protección del “paisaje sonoro”: Los toques manuales de campanas y su declaración como Bien de Interés Cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Ramón Fernández

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo analizamos la protección de los toques manuales de campanas y su declaración como Bien de Interés Cultural Inmaterial por parte de la legislación de patrimonio cultural valenciano. A través de la evolución histórica del bien podemos observar las razones de su protección y nos ha llevado a cuestionarnos si ha sido adecuado su consideración como paisaje sonoro, concepto muy alejado en el ámbito jurídico y que no es compartido plenamente. Siendo la primera vez que se protege este bien, resulta especialmente interesante la ampliación de la protección a los denominados elementos que forman parte del bien, como es el caso de las partituras.

  5. Bienes y servicios ecosistémicos en la planificación y gestión de áreas urbanas consolidadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Francesconi Latorre

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de una planificación que declara privilegiar los elementos de la estructura ecológica, pero que podría comprometer la provisión de suelos para soportar coberturas que ofrezcan bienes y servicios ecosistémicos, se presenta un aporte a la discusión sobre cómo lograr un balance entre densificación y provisión de estos bienes y servicios, mediante la reconstrucción de la transformación de la cobertura de un segmento de la cuenca del río Fucha en Bogotá en un lapso de 77 años y la verificación de las relaciones de dicha transformación con los instrumentos de planificación y gestión. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren una regulación reactiva, con limitaciones para conducir la ocupación del territorio, de la que se puede esperar una acentuación de la aridez. Estos resultados sustentan las conclusiones sobre la necesidad de replantear la regulación sobre áreas consolidadas e introducir instrumentos de gestión de la cobertura.

  6. Gasto particularista en bienes públicos locales: índice de desviación Particularistic expenditure on local public goods: an index of deviation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Alejandra Armesto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El gasto particularista del gobierno se opone al gasto programático. Los dos tipos de medidas clasifican los beneficios de políticas como particularistas si son bienes exclusivos o si son explicados por variables políticas. Este artículo desarrolla un índice de gasto particularista en bienes públicos locales medido como desviación con respecto al programa. Se aplica el índice a la oferta de servicios básicos por administraciones subnacionales seleccionadas en México y Argentina. Se muestra que el índice corre menos riesgos de sobreestimar o subestimar el gasto particularista y el gasto programático que las medidas existentes.This article compares particularistic and programmed government spending. The two types of measures classify the benefits of policies as particularistic if they are exclusive goods or if they are determined by political variables. This article contains an index of particularistic expenditure on local public goods, measured as a deviation from the program. It applies this index to the supply of basic services from selected sub-national administrations in Mexico and Argentina. It shows that this index is less likely to over- or under-estimate particularistic and programmatic expenditure than existing measures.

  7. Retos para el desarrollo de una economía no convencional y perspectivas sobre la valoración de bienes ambientales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Martínez R.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La teoría económica se ha dividido claramente en dos grandes narrativas: la economía convencional y la economía no convencional. La primera no solo se caracteriza por su arsenal matemático, sino también por su alta carga ideológica en la perspectiva del liberalismo económico. La segunda es una teoría en construcción, con sendos avances metodológicos y estudios de campo, pero aún se encuentra profundamente cuestionada por la epistemología positivista. Este ensayo pretende abreviar los temas más críticos de aquellas dos teorías económicas, con especial énfasis en los instrumentos analíticos de la economía convencional para valorar bienes ambientales (economía ambiental, y mostrar resumidamente los supuestos teóricos y fortalezas de la economía no convencional (bioeconomía en materia de valoración de bienes ambientales. Finalmente, se propone un modelo de interpretación del mercado que reestructura la noción de Valor Económico Total de la economía ambiental, en una perspectiva bioeconómica.

  8. La casa y el ajuar de la familia Coronel a través de un inventario de bienes del siglo XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De la Peña Barroso, Efrén

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last years we have been working on the person of don Abraham Seneor/Fernán Pérez Coronel and his offspring, mainly from his son Íñigo López Coronel. In this occasion we will focus on the structure of the dwelling house and the household goods of the family through an inventory made in Segovia in 1522. This document will allow us to know the wealth level, the shy investment in luxury goods and the list of part of the household goods of this important family of Segovian conversos.Desde hace ya varios años estamos trabajando en la figura de don Abraham Seneor/Fernán Pérez Coronel y su descendencia, sobre todo por la vía de su hijo Íñigo López Coronel. En esta ocasión, estudiaremos la estructura espacial de su casa, sus bienes muebles y el ajuar de esta rama familiar a través de un inventario de bienes realizado en sus «casas principales» de la ciudad de Segovia en el año 1522. Este inventario nos permitirá acercarnos a los niveles de riqueza, a la escasa inversión en productos de lujo y al conocimiento de gran parte del ajuar de esta importante familia de judeoconversos segovianos.

  9. La repercusión del valor razonable de los bienes inmuebles en la utilidad de los estados financieros: una nota de investigación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Navarro Galera

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La elección en la reciente reforma contable española del criterio de valor razonable en lugar del coste histórico como base de valoración para determinados activos ha generado cierta controversia. Este trabajo estudia la posible incidencia de la adopción del valor razonable para el registro contable de los bienes inmuebles sobre la relevancia y la fiabilidad de la información financiera. El estudio empírico está basado en una encuesta sobre las percepciones de 151 responsables de la contabilidad de empresas españolas del sector de la construcción sobre la utilidad y fiabilidad de la información financiera basada en el valor razonable. El análisis de los resultados nos ha permitido concluir que, respecto al coste histórico, los responsables de contabilidad perciben que el valor razonable de los bienes inmuebles generaría estados financieros más útiles para representar la imagen fiel del patrimonio de la empresa. No obstante, los encuestados conciben la información financiera bajo valor razonable como menos objetiva y verificable. Asimismo, hemos comprobado que el tamaño de la empresa puede influir en la opinión de la repercusión del valor razonable sobre la relevancia y fiabilidad de los estados financieros.

  10. Algunas consideraciones sobre el bien jurídico tutelado en los delitos sobre la ordenación del territorio en el Nuevo Código Penal Español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Silva Forné

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available  La ciencia penal contemporánea considera ~n su amplia mayoría como misión del Derecho Penal, la tutela de bienes jurídicos; en particular, su protección se despliega frente a las agresiones más graves de que son éstos objeto, ya que también en los restantes sectores del ordenamiento jurídico cabe la salvaguarda de los mismos (...Contenido: Precisiones previas. Nociones sobre el concepto de bien jurídico.Breve sinopsis de su evolución. Planteos actuales. Concepciones de carácter formal. Concepciones materiales. Teorías de fundamento constitucional. Teorías de concepto sociológico. Funciones de bien jurídico. Los bienes jurídicos colectivos. El bien jurídicoprotegido en los delitos sobre la ordenación del territorio. Conceptos conexos. Discusión sobre el bien jurídico tutelado.Consideraciones político-criminales.

  11. Hans Küpper discusses science and venture capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Küpper, Hans

    2004-11-01

    Hans Küpper has over 30 years of experience in the biotechnology industry in areas from research to R&D management, technology assessment and business acquisitions. He received his PhD in 1974 from the University of Heidelberg. After additional academic research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the USA and at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, he joined Biogen in 1980. Here, he held various R&D positions, the last of which was Assistant Research Director. In 1985, he joined Behringwerke AG, Marburg, to build up and head the company's Molecular Biology Department and thereafter became Head of R&D of the Immunology/Oncology Business Unit. In 1999 he joined Global Life Science Ventures at their Munich office. Dr Küpper is the author of numerous publications and patents/applications and has also served as a consultant to the Pharmaceutical Industry and the European Commission. He is a board member of several early stage companies in the life sciences.

  12. Nuclear forces the making of the physicist Hans Bethe

    CERN Document Server

    Schweber, Silvan S

    2012-01-01

    On the fiftieth anniversary of Hiroshima, Nobel-winning physicist Hans Bethe called on his fellow scientists to stop working on weapons of mass destruction. What drove Bethe, the head of Theoretical Physics at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project, to renounce the weaponry he had once worked so tirelessly to create? That is one of the questions answered by "Nuclear Forces", a riveting biography of Bethe's early life and development as both a scientist and a man of principle. As Silvan Schweber follows Bethe from his childhood in Germany, to laboratories in Italy and England, and on to Cornell University, he shows how these differing environments were reflected in the kind of physics Bethe produced. Many of the young quantum physicists in the 1930s, including Bethe, had Jewish roots, and Schweber considers how Liberal Judaism in Germany helps explain their remarkable contributions. A portrait emerges of a man whose strategy for staying on top of a deeply hierarchical field was to tackle only those problems h...

  13. La agonía del Eros, Han (2014.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Díaz Traversa

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Byung-Chul Han, Dr. en Filosofía de origen coreano, realizó sus estudios en Alemania, donde reside actualmente y se desempeña como docente de Filosofía y Estudios Culturales en la Universidad de las Artes de Berlín. Desde el punto de vista teórico-académico se inscribe en el Pensamiento Crítico de la escuela de Frankfurt, siendo alumno privilegiado de Honneth. Es considerado una de las voces filosóficas más prestigiosas de dicho país, y sus obras se caracterizan por ser breves, de fácil lectura, sorprendiendo al público por su fuerza y pertinencia en la actualidad. La agonía del Eros es la tercera obra del autor traducida al castellano y promete seguir el mismo camino que las anteriores, es decir, convertirse en una obra fundamental del Pensamiento Crítico.

  14. Hans Loewald, psychoanalysis, and the project of autonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitebook, Joel

    2008-12-01

    For some time psychoanalysts have tended to view Freud's cultural writings--concerning modernity, secularism, science, and religion--disparagingly, seeing them as the unscientific speculations of a misguided genius. But the questions Freud explored in those works are pressing topics that deserve serious attention. Just as fascism provided the historical context in which the critical theorists of the Frankfurt School developed a psychoanalytic social theory in the 1930s and 1940s, so the rise of fundamentalism demands a similar effort today. The "project of autonomy" conceptualized by the psychoanalyst-philosopher Castoriadis can be used to situate psychoanalysis in its broader historical context, as part of the emancipatory movement of modernity, and to elucidate fundamentalism as an attempt to turn back that project and reinstate the values of premodern traditional societies. Because the widespread aversion to secularism today is in no small degree the responsibility of secularists themselves--Freud's relatively crude and simplistic disregard of some of the deepest yearnings of humankind is a case in point--it is time to formulate, using the work of Hans Loewald, a more sensitive and sophisticated psychoanalytic view of religion. Yet psychoanalytic secularists must avoid overcompensating for past mistakes by giving too much ground to antisecularists. The legitimate desire to do justice to religion must not trump the need to advance the project of autonomy as a first priority.

  15. Risks associated with premature ovarian failure in Han Chinese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huidan; Chen, Haitao; Qin, Yingying; Shi, Zhuqing; Zhao, Xiaoming; Xu, Jianfeng; Ma, Bowen; Chen, Zi-Jiang

    2015-04-01

    In this retrospective study, the relationship between demographic characteristics, past medical history, general lifestyle habits and susceptibility of premature ovarian failure (POF) in Han Chinese population was investigated. Five hundred and fifty-three patients with POF and 400 women with normal ovarian function were recruited. A questionnaire was designed to gather information from responders. Logistic regression was carried out to calculate odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and P-values. History of pelvic surgery, mumps, having relatives with menstrual abnormalities and exposure to chemical agents were significantly associated with increased risk of POF (OR 5.53 [2.15 to 14.23]; 3.26 [2.38 to 4.47]; 28.12 [8.84 to 89.46]; 4.47 [2.09 to 9.58]). Vegetarian diet, tea and mineral water consumption reduced the risk of POF (OR 0.27 [0.19 to 0.37]; 0.04 [0.03 to 0.07]; 0.63 [0.47 to 0.85], respectively). Heredity, pelvic surgery, mumps and exposure to chemical agents were identified as risk factors for POF, whereas vegetarian diet, tea consumption and mineral water drinking were protective. Therefore, genetic consultation could help those women whose relatives manifested an early or premature menopause to avoid the consequences of possible premature ovarian function cessation. Avoidance of exposure to endocrine disrupters and flavonoids intake should be considered.

  16. CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES ON HANS MORGENTHAU'S APPROACH TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Chambers, Gary

    2017-01-01

       Hans Morgenthau'nun Uluslararası İlişkiler bilimine katkısı 1970'lere kadar alanda üstünlüğünü sürdürmüştür. Bu makalenin amacı, Morgenthau'nun realizm üzerine görüşlerinin uluslararası ilişkiler (IR) alanında daha sonraki çalışmalarda nasıl bir etki bıraktığını ve Morgenthau ve eleştirenleri arasında süregelen tartışmanın önemli yönlerini ortaya koymaktır. Morgenthau'nun realizminin açıklayıcı gücüne ve cimriliğinin ve açıklığının yararlarına bakmaksızın, Morgenthau�...

  17. CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES ON HANS MORGENTHAU'S APPROACH TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Chambers, Gary

    2015-01-01

       Hans Morgenthau'nun Uluslararası İlişkiler bilimine katkısı 1970'lere kadar alanda üstünlüğünü sürdürmüştür. Bu makalenin amacı, Morgenthau'nun realizm üzerine görüşlerinin uluslararası ilişkiler (IR) alanında daha sonraki çalışmalarda nasıl bir etki bıraktığını ve Morgenthau ve eleştirenleri arasında süregelen tartışmanın önemli yönlerini ortaya koymaktır. Morgenthau'nun realizminin açıklayıcı gücüne ve cimriliğinin ve açıklığının yararlarına bakmaksızın, Morgenthau'nun düşünüşüne, diğer ...

  18. [Hans von Hattingberg between psychoanalysis and National Socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keifenheim, Katharina Eva

    2011-01-01

    Hans von Hattingberg (1879-1944) worked as a neurologist and psychoanalyst in Munich and Berlin from about 1910 to 1944. He was a prolific writer, but met with increasing disapproval from Freud and his circle. An advocate of the union of different psychotherapeutic schools, he was initially a marginal figure in the professional field. With Hitler's rise to power his career prospered: He was offered the position of a lecturer for psychotherapy and became head of the research department at the "Göring Institute". He came to prominence with his writings on the "Neue deutsche Seelenheilkunde" despite the fact that this was never his preferred topic. The main themes of his publications were marriage, love and female emancipation. Those works contain only little of the standard Nazi ideology of the time. Not only was Hattingberg never a member of the NSDAP (the ruling party), but in some respects he could conceivably be considered a member of the resistance. The article outlines the most important stages of Hattingberg's life and focuses on the question of how he positioned himself after 1933, when it became vital for him to reconcile psychoanalysis and National Socialism.

  19. Bible Depicted in 2,000-year-old Han Dynasty Stone Carvings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Wang Weifan is a member of the standing committee of the China Christian Council, and a Christian theology education professor. He recently discovered that several Eastern Han Dynasty museum exhibits in the Jiangsu Xuzhou Han Dynasty Stone Carving Museum include depictions of the bible and of early

  20. Som i et spejl - Hans Egede-receptionen gennem tre hundrede år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Kathrine

    2008-01-01

    fyldigt omtalt i Ove Mallings meget læste: Store og gode Handlinger af Danske, Norske og Holstenere fra 1777, og der kom flere kobberstik med hans portræt. Hans Egede plejer de kobbesyge - en scene fra koppeepidemien i Godthåb 1733 af den bekendte kobberstikker Johann Friedrich Clemens efter tegning af...

  1. Achats de biens et services des organisations internationales dans les pays industrialisés et les économies émergentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Carbonnier

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Cet article examine l’évolution des achats de biens et services des organisations multilatérales auprès de fournisseurs établis dans les pays industrialisés et les économies émergentes. Il présente les résultats d’une étude empirique – première du genre – sur les facteurs explicatifs des inégalités entre pays. Les différences s’expliquent notamment par la force du secteur manufacturier et les relations d’affaires établies dans le passé. Les résultats laissent penser que les contributions versées par les pays donateurs peuvent avoir une influence positive sur les achats de biens et services, nonobstant le fait que les organisations multilatérales recourent à des procédures d’appels d’offres internationaux. La proximité géographique, les affinités culturelles et linguistiques et la présence dans le pays du siège d’une organisation multilatérale jouent également un rôle positif. Les achats de biens et services des agences multilatérales peuvent être considérés comme une retombée indirecte de l’aide publique au développement (APD. Alors que nombre d’entre eux font face à de sérieuses difficultés économiques et contraintes budgétaires, documenter un tel « retour sur investissement » peut contribuer à convaincre les décideurs politiques d’augmenter – ou simplement de ne pas réduire – les budgets d’APD. De tels arguments doivent toutefois demeurer marginaux par rapport aux questions centrales de la pertinence et l’efficacité de l’aide, et des performances des organisations multilatérales.

  2. Producción y percepción de bienes públicos en la lógica de la acción colectiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordana, Jacint

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Public goods having different proprieties produce different problems of collective action. This hypothesis has been discussed from different analytical perspectives and we examine their arguments, aiming to deepen our theoretical understanding about the logic of collective action. In this paper we look for similarities and differences regarding their use of concepts and expected results. Simultaneously, we examine the link between different public goods and the interdependent behavior of individuals. To this purpose, we also revisit the connections between production functions and consumption types in the case of public goods, as a mean to explore the potential development of more elaborated models in the theory of collective action, and suggest that more empirical contrast of these models is needed. Finally, we argue the importance for theoretical discussions to include a discussion about the impact of perception in the collective action models, considering systematic deviations to rational choice, and conclude that no single theory may address all collective action problems, but systematic patterns of behavior may be identified and empirically confirmed.

    Bienes públicos con distintas propiedades generan problemas diferentes de acción colectiva. Esta hipótesis ha sido discutida, desde distintas perspectivas analíticas, con el objeto de profundizar teóricamente sobre la lógica de la acción colectiva. En este trabajo se revisan las aportaciones recientes a esta cuestión, analizando sus puntos de encuentro y sus divergencias en cuanto a conceptos y resultados esperados. Asimismo, se examina la relación entre tipos distintos de bienes públicos y el comportamiento interdependiente de los individuos. Con este fin, los vínculos entre las funciones de producción y las formas de consumo de bienes públicos también son considerados, ya que permite desarrollar modelos más ambiciosos sobre la lógica de la acción colectiva. Finalmente

  3. La opacidad de los acuerdos generales de bienes y servicios en España Opacity of general agreements on goods and services in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Román Andrés Umaña Peña

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Explorar la intensidad del debate parlamentario sobre el Acuerdo General de Comercio de Servicios (AGCS asumido por España ante la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC, y compararla con la del Acuerdo General de Bienes (GATT. Métodos: Búsqueda sistemática y análisis del contenido de todas las iniciativas parlamentarias sobre AGCS y GATT realizadas entre 1979 y 2004 en el Congreso de los Diputados y el Senado. Se calculó la frecuencia y porcentaje de iniciativas parlamentarias de ambos temas, resultado de su tramitación y tipo de iniciativa. Resultados: Se presentaron 185 iniciativas parlamentarias sobre los acuerdos multilaterales de bienes y servicios, de las que 120 se referían al GATT, 8 al AGCS y 57 a ambos acuerdos. La mayoría de las iniciativas no fueron discutidas (GATT, 71%; GATS, 55,4% o estuvieron sujetas a un debate político en el que apenas se dieron intervenciones por parte de los grupos parlamentarios. Conclusiones: A pesar de las implicaciones del acuerdo multilateral de servicios para la política sanitaria española, éste se ha asumido con escaso debate parlamentario previo, incluso menos que en el caso de su homólogo sobre bienes. Se requiere en este tema una intensificación de la función de control al gobierno.Objective: To explore the intensity of the debate in the Spanish Parliament on the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS developed by Spain and the World Trade Organization, and to compare it with the debate on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT. Methods: A systematic search and content analysis were performed of all parliamentary initiatives on GATS and GATT undertaken from 1979 to 2004 in the Spanish Parliament and Senate. The frequency and percentages of initiatives on both issues were calculated, and the final result and kinds of initiative were analyzed. Results: A total of 185 initiatives were presented in the Spanish Parliament on these agreements, of which 120 were

  4. 释“寒池”、“寒庭”与“寒夜”%An Explanation of "Han Chi", "Han Ting" and "Han Ye"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶贵良

    2011-01-01

    在道经中,“寒池”、“寒庭”都有地狱刑罚之池、人身命门、月中广寒之池、北极元福弃贤世界郁单之国的神池等意思;“寒夜”则有地狱的意思,此外,该词还可作地狱曹府之名。%In Taoist scripture, "han chi" and "han ting" take the meanings like a pool with hell, penalty, fate, cold-evil, etc. Except the meaning of hell, "han ye" is the synonym of hell.

  5. 'Little Hans': from his phobic episode to becoming an opera director.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vives, Jean-Michel

    2012-08-01

    'Little Hans' is one of the most highly commented cases in the psychoanalytic literature. His work as an opera director from 1925 in Europe and then in the United States of America is much less well known. This may seem especially surprising given that Freud very soon detects Hans's emerging interest in this subject. Yet Freud does not mention it either in 1909 when he reports the case, or when Hans visits him in 1922, even though Hans had already decided to become an opera director at this point. The author of this article endeavours to show how this artistic choice could be understood as a way of accommodating, in a double transference relationship with Freud and with his father, the unanalysed residue of the 'Krawall' (a term invented by Hans) and 'the black thing', both of which appeared during the phobic period.

  6. Jean Calvin (1509-1564) - i 500-året for hans fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ninna

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen er en introduktion til Calvins liv og tankeverden i anledning af 500-året for hans fødsel. Udgangspunkt er hans selvforståelse, som den kommer til udtryk i hans Salmekommentar og den forståelse af Salmerne som en sjælens "anatomi" og en vejledning til bøn, som står ved roden af hans...... teologi. Calvins humanistiske baggrund, engagement i reformationen, eksil, og ydre og indre modstandere beskrives sammen med et overblik over hans teologi, som den fremstår i Institutio. Denne inkluderer den dobbelte erkendelse af Gud som Skaber og som Frelser, hvori forsynet er en væsentlig del af første...

  7. The regulation of HanA during heterocyst development in cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jing-Jing; Shi, Lei; Chen, Wen-Li; Wang, Li

    2014-10-01

    In response to deprivation of combined nitrogen, the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 develops heterocyst, which is specifically involved in the nitrogen fixation. In this study, we focused on the regulation of HanA, a histone-like protein, in heterocyst development. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay results showed that NtcA, a global nitrogen regulator necessary for heterocyst differentiation, could bind to two NtcA-binding motifs in the hanA promoter region. qPCR results also showed that NtcA may regulate the expression of hanA. By using the hanA promoter-controlled gfp as a reporter gene and performing western blot we found that the amount of HanA in mature heterocysts was decreased gradually.

  8. Modern use of Chinese herbal formulae from Shang-Han Lun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fang-pey; CHEN Fun-jou; JONG Maw-shiou; TSAI Hui-lin; WANG Jen-ren; HWANG Shinn-jang

    2009-01-01

    Background The Chinese medical archive,Shang-Han Lun,is said to be written by ZHANG Zhong-jing (150-219 A.D.).This great influential work introduced the specific symptoms of six-channel disorders (Tai-Yang,Yang-Ming,Shao-Yang,Tai-Yin,Shao-Yin,and Jue-Yin) and their corresponding treatments,the combined syndromes,deterioration due to malpractice,and the concept of six-channel transitions.The concept of Shang-Han Lun is widely accepted by Chinese herbal doctors.However,no clinical data about Shang-Han symptoms are described in oriental or western medical reports.Methods The clinical prescription data of traditional Chinese medicine visits were extracted under the National Health Insurance in Taiwan.The application rate of 42 Shang-Han formulae in clinical practice was analyzed in detail with the software SPSS.Results Between 1999 and 2002,the prescription rate of Shang-Han formula was only 5.22% among a total of 528 889 576 Chinese herbal formula prescriptions.The most frequently used formula was Tai-Yang formulae (71.31%),followed by Shao-Yang formulae (17.49%) and the most commonly prescribed individual Shang-Han formulae were Ge-Gen Tang (16.11%),Shao-Yao-Gan-Cao Tang (12.97%),Xiao-Qing-Long Tang (11.79%),Ban-Xia Xie-Xin Tang (10.24%),and Xiao-Chai-Hu Tang (9.11%),which comprised 60.22% of the utilization rate of total Shang-Han formulae.Conclusions From the prescription patterns of Shang-Han formulae,there was no evidence of transitions among the six channels.Despite the fundamental role of Shang-Han Lun in traditional Chinese medicine,prescription of Shang-Han formulae was limited in clinical practice.

  9. ¿Cómo acercar los bienes patrimoniales a los ciudadanos? Educación Patrimonial, un campo emergente en la gestión del patrimonio cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaida García Valecillo

    2009-01-01

    Lamentablemente en las sociedades contemporáneas éste se aleja de la memoria de los ciudadanos. Por ello la gestión patrimonial busca la participación de los actores sociales, en donde la Educación Patrimonial puede ser una herramienta importante en este proceso. Esto implica desarrollar bases teóricas y metodológicas específicas que involucren a los ciudadanos en la sustentabilidad de las comunidades y sus bienes patrimoniales. En tal sentido, proponemos analizar la educación patrimonial como un campo emergente, a través de cuatro dimensiones pedagógicas que permitan sistematizar sus alcances y estrategias. Para luego articular dichas dimensiones en tres áreas de actuación educativa.

  10. Perspectivas del crecimiento urbano: la actividad comercial minorista y el transporte de bienes en la Zona Metropolitana de Querétaro (México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Betanzo-Quezada

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se muestran las perspectivas del crecimiento urbano, la actividad comercial minorista y su relación transversal con el transporte de bienes en la Zona Metropolitana de Querétaro (México. Con una metodología de análisis de información estadística de tipo agregado, se examinan esos determinantes con el objetivo de revelar sus tendencias en la ciudad. El paralelismo encontrado en las tendencias de comportamiento de los determinantes examinados conduce a concluir que es cada vez más necesario conectar al transporte urbano de carga con la planeación económica y urbana, y ubicarlo dentro de las prioridades de las administraciones gubernamentales.

  11. Conducta típica e imputación objetiva en el delito de alzamiento de bienes: una contribución normativista a la dogmática de los delitos de insolvencia

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    La tesis contiene un análisis dogmático del tipo de alzamiento de bienes, cuyos puntos de partida y conclusiones pueden extenderse a los demás tipos penales que se encuentran dentro del género de las insolvencias punibles. Se comienza por un estudio del estado de la cuestión que incluye el objeto de protección y la forma de afectación del bien jurídico, criticando las posturas dominantes de la doctrina como de la jurisprudencia. En segundo lugar se aborda el problema relativo a la natural...

  12. The inherent purpose of ontology in ecology: The immutable use of Hans Jonas’s works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Deleanu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Theresa Morris, Hans Jonas’s Ethic of Responsibility: From Ontology to Ecology, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, SUNY Series in Environmental Philosophy and Ethics, 2013, 236 p.

  13. Former Netherlands Deputy Prime Minister Hans Dijkstal Leads Delegation to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Hans Dijkstal, former Netherlands deputy prime minister and current chairman of the Board of Atlantic & Pacific Exchange Programme (APEP) of the Netherlands, headed a 12-member goodwill delegation to visit Beijing and Shanghai from May 25 to

  14. Rootsi ja Eesti - kümme aastat koostööd / Hans Lepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepp, Hans, 1950-

    2003-01-01

    Rootsi Instituudi kultuuri- ja ühiskonnaosakonna direktor Hans Lepp meenutab oma tegevust Rootsi kultuuriatašeena Eestis 1990ndatel aastatel. Ka autori meenutused kohtumisest RRi peadirektori Ivi Eenmaaga, ka rootsi saali asutamisest RRis

  15. Haal alles uit onderzoek (interview met Leo Marcelis en Hans Dagevos)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamminga, H.; Marcelis, L.F.M.; Dagevos, H.

    2012-01-01

    In de toekomst zullen tuinbouwbedrijven meer teelt- en consumentenonderzoek op eigen houtje laten uitvoeren. Voor veel ondernemers is dit nieuw. Wetenschappers Leo Marcelis en Hans Dagevos geven tips om zoveel mogelijk nuttige informatie uit onderzoek te halen.

  16. La Repercusión del Valor Razonable de los Bienes Inmuebles en la Utilidad de los Estados Financieros: Una Nota de Investigación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Navarro Galera

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La elección en la reciente reforma contable española del criterio de valor razonable en lugar del coste histórico como base de valoración para determinados activos ha generado cierta controversia. Este trabajo estudia la posible incidencia de la adopción del valor razonable para el registro contable de los bienes inmuebles sobre la relevancia y la fiabilidad de la información financiera. El estudio empírico está basado en una encuesta sobre las percepciones de 151 responsables de la contabilidad de empresas españolas del sector de la construcción sobre la utilidad y fiabilidad de la información financiera basada en el valor razonable. El análisis de los resultados nos ha permitido concluir que, respecto al coste histórico, los responsables de contabilidad perciben que el valor razonable de los bienes inmuebles generaría estados financieros más útiles para representar la imagen fiel del patrimonio de la empresa. No obstante, los encuestados conciben la información financiera bajo valor razonable como menos objetiva y verificable. Asimismo, hemos comprobado que el tamaño de la empresa puede influir en la opinión de la repercusión del valor razonable sobre la relevancia y fiabilidad de los estados financieros.The option in the recent Spanish regulation for fair value over historical cost, as the preferred measurement basis for some assets, has raised some controversy. This paper studies the effects on accounting information relevance and reliability of fair value accounting for investment properties. The empirical study is based on a questionnairebased survey of the perceptions of 151 Spanish accountants in the building industry about the usefulness and reliability of fair value accounting. The analysis of results allows us concluding that accountants perceive that the usefulness of financial statements increases when investment property is valued on a fair value basis, compared with a historical cost basis. However, respondents

  17. Ciencia prohibida... ciencia buscada (A propósito de La ciencia del bien y del mal de Javier Echeverría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Pin, Víctor

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A labyrinth was the infinite for Leibniz (who declares on several occasions that,as much from the angle of the infinite large as from that of the infinite small, infinity is nothing but a fiction in the attempts of thought to explain the phenomena. But another labyrinth was also for him the problem of the evilness, together with the correlative problem of goodness. Used, since he was a young mathematician, to the Leibnizian puzzle of the infinite, Javier Echeverría faces now the second labyrinth. And he approaches the subject by restoring the biblical myth of the tree that hides the mystery. Taken implicitly the opposite point of view that leads Kant to assert the intrinsic division of the reason, Echeverría, from the very title of his book, aims at goodness and evilness as effective goals for science. In this paper we discuss some implications of Echeverría’s bet.

    Un laberinto era el infinito para Leibniz (quien afirma en varias ocasiones que tanto lo infinitamente grande como lo infinitamente pequeño no son sino ficciones para el pensamiento que busca la explicación de los fenómenos pero laberinto era asimismo, para él, la cuestión del mal, indisociable de problema del bien. Curtido, desde sus años de joven matemático, en el leibniziano puzzle del infinito y el continuo, Javier Echeverría se confronta ahora al segundo laberinto. Y lo hace restaurando el bíblico relato del árbol cuyo fruto escondería el misterio. Tomando implícitamente una vía opuesta a la que conduce a la kantiana división de la razón, Echeverría apunta a hacer de la polaridad bien-mal objeto de efectiva ciencia. En este escrito discutimos alguna de las implicaciones de su apuesta.

  18. Bien rédiger

    CERN Document Server

    Humbert, Jean-Louis

    1992-01-01

    Vous avez à rédiger un rapport, un résumé, une note de service ou un compte rendu de réunion. Vous avez un examen écrit à préparer... Ce guide, enrichi de nombreux exercices, vous donne toutes les règles pour : . Formuler votre pensée . Structurer votre texte . Construire vos phrases . Choisir le mot juste.

  19. Porcelain in the Ming Dynasty:Cultural and Artistic Exchanges Between Hans and Tibetans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WuMingdi

    2004-01-01

    As an example of Chinese arts and crafts, porcelain is an important element of Chinese culture. In ancient times, when transport and communications were extremely backward, the continuous flow of porcelain items between Han Chinese and Tibetans played an essential role in their material and cultural life. Put specifically, the close relationship between porcelain and Han-Tibetan cultural and artistic exchanges can be observed as follows:

  20. Tallinna linnaelu kajastumine raehärra Hans Rotgersi märkmetes / Tiina Kala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kala, Tiina

    2008-01-01

    Hans Rotgersi aktiivne tegutsemisperiood hõlmab 15. sajandi viimase ja 16. saj. esimese veerandi. Kõige ulatuslikuma kirjaliku pärandi on ta endast maha jätnud Niguliste kiriku eestseisjana. Niguliste kiriku olulistest daatumitest. Maksujõuliste tallinlaste surma kajastumisest Rotgersi ülestähendustes. Rotgersi käsikirjas säilinud astroloogiliste ja meditsiiniliste soovituste kogust. Hans Rotgersi testamendist.

  1. Det var ikke hans krop, der lå i graven

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Ane Marie

    2011-01-01

    I 14 år lagde Norma blomster ved det gravsted, hun troede indeholdt hendes bror. Det gjorde det ikke.Hun drømmer om at dø med vished om, at hans jordiske rester er fundet, om at have et gravsted at lægge blomster ved, og om at se de skyldige for hans død dømt. Men det er en drøm, der nok tvivlsomt...

  2. Plant crop remains from the outer burial pit of the Han Yangling Mausoleum and their significance to Early Western Han agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG XiaoYan; LIU ChangJiang; ZHANG JianPing; YANG WuZhan; ZHANG XiaoHu; L(U) HouYuan

    2009-01-01

    A large amount of carbonized plant remains were discovered in one of the outer burial pits of the Han Yangling Mausoleum, which was built more than 2000 years ago for the Jing Emperor, Liu, Qi (188-141 cal a BC), the fourth emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. The remains are identified by phytolith analysis and macrofossil morphological features. Seeds from foxtail millet (Setaria italica), broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum), rice (Oryza sativa) and chenopod (possible Chenopodium giganteum) are identified, suggesting that these four crops might have been the staple plant foods in the capital area (Guanzhong area), Shaanxi Province during the Early Western Han Dynasty. Chenopods were often considered as weeds since they have only been rarely found as carbonized seeds in prehistoric sites. This is the first time such a large amount of seeds has been found at a site, which provides strong material evidence for chenopod cultivation with a long history in China. Wheat was thought to be promoted and popularized in the Guanzhong area since the Wu Emporor, Liu, Che (156-87 cal a BC), the fifth emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. No wheat was found at this site, which supports the historical document record that wheat was still secondary in the diet and agrarian economy before the Wu Emperor's reign.

  3. Minu moto : alati kõrgustesse! Dr. Hans O. A. Koehn, ADDINOL Lube Oil GmbH osanik - 80 / Hans O. A. Koehn ; interv. Mikk Mehide

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koehn, Hans O. A.

    2006-01-01

    Maailma tippkvaliteediga määrdeaineid tootva Saksa õlifirma Addinol osanik dr. Hans O. A. Koehn on üks juhtivaid isikuid Saksamaa mineraalõli majanduses, tööst õlifirmas Valvoline, edasisest karjäärist ning Addinoli osanikuks saamisest

  4. An Unknown Tradition of Han Chinese Conversions to Tibetan Buddhism:Han Chinese Incarnate Lamas and Parishioners of Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries in Amdo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gray Tuttle

    2013-01-01

    AbstrActThis article examines Han Chinese who has historically practiced Tibetan Buddhism in the Qinghai-Gansu border region. The main primary sources were published in the 1990s, based on surveys by Chinese social scientists who were sent around in the 1950s to collect data on Tibetan Buddhist institutions as well as additional independent surveys from the 1980s and my own site visits in 2006. On the basis of these sources, I argue that there are at least 100,000 and probably as many as 200,000 Han Chinese on the borders of Qinghai and Gansu (part of the Amdo cultural region for Tibetans) practicing Tibetan Buddhism, following traditions that seem to have been in place for centuries. I also discuss the sixteen historic cases of Han Chinese reincarnate lamas and the over one hundred monasteries in this region affiliated with Han Chinese. Finally, I note the sectarian affiliations (jiaopai: Nyingma, Geluk, etc.) and religious practices of these Chinese communities practicing Tibetan Buddhism.

  5. Implicit trust between the Uyghur and the Han in Xinjiang, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Zhang

    Full Text Available Trust is a vital lubricant that increases the sense of security in social interactions. In this study, we investigated the intergroup trust between the Uyghur and the Han, the two largest ethnic groups in Xinjiang, China, with a Go/No-Go Association Task. Specifically, we instructed Uyghur and Han participants to respond to ethnic faces (Uyghur vs. Han and trust/distrust words and measured the strength of the automatic associations between the faces and words for both in-group and out-group pairs. As expected, both ethnic groups showed implicit in-group trust and out-group distrust, but the Han group demonstrated stronger in-group trust and out-group distrust toward the Uyghur than the Uyghur group toward the Han. However, the magnitude of distrust of the Han toward the Uyghur was small to medium as compared with that reported by other intergroup relationship research. In addition, participant geographic location was associated with out-group distrust. These findings offer implications for developing effective strategies to encourage trust between conflicting groups.

  6. Quantitative Analysis and Comparison of BMI among Han, Tibetan, and Uygur University Students in Northwest China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bai Jingya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To fully analyze and compare BMI among Han, Tibetan, and Uygur university students, to discuss the differences in their physical properties and physical health, and thus to provide some theoretical suggestions for the improvement of students’ physical health. Methods. The cross-sectional random cluster sampling was used to investigate 10103 Han, Tibetan, and Uygur university students, aged 20–24 in Northwest China, and their height and weight were measured to calculate BMI. The BMI classification criteria for Chinese established by Work Group on Obesity in China (WGOC were used for screening. Results. Han, Tibetan, and Uygur university students show low obesity rates but high overweight rates. Han, Tibetan, and Uygur university students present a high rate of underweight, normal weight, and overweight, respectively. Female Han students show higher underweight and normal weight rates, but lower overweight and obesity rates, than male Han students. Female Tibetan students show higher normal weight rate, but lower overweight and obesity rates, than male Tibetan students. BMI increases with age for male students but decreases with age for female students. Male Uygur students show higher obesity rate than female Uygur students. Tibetan and Uygur university students have higher BMI than other minorities in South China.

  7. Aspectos generales del régimen de los bienes del litoral marítimo. Competencias y limitaciones sobre el Derecho de propiedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Barreto Cifuentes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de “propiedad”, tradicionalmente estudiado con la lógica del Derecho privado, ha sufrido cambios internos (la función social como núcleo esencial y externos (las limitaciones administrativas que hacen necesario estudiarlo con herramientas lógicas y metodológicas del Derecho público. Se debe considerar que un derecho absoluto e ilimitado no requiere mayor atención por parte de la disciplina del Derecho público. La armonización y articulación de los derechos del propietario con las competencias asignadas a las autoridades administrativas, exige una particular atención para proteger los derechos ciudadanos. En desarrollo de lo mencionado, se ha realizado un corto estudio sobre los bienes del litoral marítimo, en particular de las competencias asignadas a las autoridades administrativas sobre estas áreas, así como el límite de estas competencias. También se presentará el análisis de algunos casos reales y potenciales en los cuales se hace necesaria la aplicación de garantías procesales y sustanciales para el respeto de los derechos de los propietarios.

  8. Validación del Índice de Bien-estar Personal en personas con enfermedad renal crónica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Manuel Mota de Sousa

    Full Text Available Objetivo: verificar las propiedades psicométricas del Índice de bien-estar personal (IBP en personas con enfermedad renal crónica en programa de hemodiálisis. Método: Se trata de un estudio metodológico. La muestra aleatoria es constituida por 171 personas con Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC sometida a hemodiálisis en dos clínicas en la región de Lisboa, Portugal. La recogida de datos fue realizada entre mayo y junio de 2015. Se evaluaron las propiedades psicométricas: validad (constructo, predictiva convergente, y discriminativa, confiabilidad por medio de la consistencia interna (α de Cronbach y estabilidad (Coeficiente de Correlación de Spearman-Brown y Coeficiente de Correlación Intraclasse (CCI. Resultados: El IBP presenta una dimensión ajustada a los datos. La satisfacción con la salud es lo que más contribuye para el IBP. Tiene validad convergente con Felicidad Subjetiva y Afecto Positivo y Afecto Negativo. Tiene poder discriminativo en la nacionalidad. El a Cronbach fue de 0,82. Teste Re-teste para cuestionario 0, 92 e CCI= 0,95, para entrevista 0,85 y CCI= 0,89. Conclusiones: La versión portuguesa del IBP es válida y reproducible en personas con ERC, tanto por cuestionario como por entrevista.

  9. Aspectos generales del régimen de los bienes del litoral marítimo. Competencias y limitaciones sobre el Derecho de propiedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Barreto Cifuentes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de “propiedad”, tradicionalmente estudiado con la lógica del Derecho privado, ha sufrido cambios internos (la función social como núcleo esencial y externos (las limitaciones administrativas que hacen necesario estudiarlo con herramientas lógicas y metodológicas del Derecho público. Se debe considerar que un derecho absoluto e ilimitado no requiere mayor atención por parte de la disciplina del Derecho público. La armonización y articulación de los derechos del propietario con las competencias asignadas a las autoridades administrativas, exige una particular atención para proteger los derechos ciudadanos. En desarrollo de lo mencionado, se ha realizado un corto estudio sobre los bienes del litoral marítimo, en particular de las competencias asignadas a las autoridades administrativas sobre estas áreas, así como el límite de estas competencias. También se presentará el análisis de algunos casos reales y potenciales en los cuales se hace necesaria la aplicación de garantías procesales y sustanciales para el respeto de los derechos de los propietarios.

  10. Hacia una reconstrucción del diseño legislativo del inventario y avalúo de los bienes hereditarios en Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl José Vega Cardona

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo parte de la necesidad de realizar un estudio sobre el contenido del inventario y avalúo como operación particional del caudal hereditario en Cuba, a raíz de las complejidades propias del instituto, las que no solo se manifiestan en el ámbito teórico doctrinal sino también en la configuración legal que del mismo hiciera el legislador cubano. En este sentido se aporta, a partir de una exposición doctrinal sobre el tema, un diagnóstico de las principales insuficiencias que en el ámbito sustantivo inciden en la deficitaria práctica de la determinación y valuación de los bienes hereditarios, y con ello el establecimiento de las posibles pautas que permitan perfeccionar el régimen jurídico de la institución objeto de análisis.

  11. Producción y consumo de bienes culturales: El caso de las artesanías urbanas de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica B. Rotman

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene por objeto reseñar algunos de los principales aspectos de un fenómeno cultural citadino: las artesanías urbanas feriales de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. La problemática abordada contempla las instancias de la producción artesanal, la circulación de estos bienes con énfasis en las Ferias como sitios privilegiados del intercambio y ámbitos relevantes de sociabilidad y el consumo de artesanías. Consideramos que este tipo de producción, que constituye un fenómeno complejo, conforma una práctica cultural heterodoxa, recreando con códigos propios la sociabilidad híbrida que inducen las ciudades contemporáneas.The objective of this article is to outline some of the main aspects of an urban cultural phenomenon: the urban handicrafts from fairs in Buenos Aires city. The issues this paper addresses are handicraft production, the circulation of these goods with emphasis on fairs as privileged places of exchange, sociability and handicraft consumption. I consider this type of production a complex phenomena that shapes an heterodox cultural practice, recreating through its own codes the hybrid sociability that contemporary cities induce.

  12. Bienes básicos, mercancía patrón y tasa de ganancia en Piero Sraffa Basic goods, standard commodity and the rate of profit in Piero Sraffa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supelano Sarmiento Alberto

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo describe el papel de los bienes básicos y la mercancía patrón en el esquema de precios de producción propuesto por Piero Sraffa. Su tema central son los problemas relacionados con la interpretación de Homero Cuevas: la importancia de los bienes básicos y de los bienes de lujo en la determinación de los precios y la distribución del excedente; la composición y el papel de la mercancía patrón; las limitaciones de la distinción entre los dos tipos de bienes y del concepto de mercancía patrón y la supuesta imposibilidad de construir la mercancía patrón.This essay describes the role of basic goods and the standard commodity in the prices of production scheme proposed by Piero Sraffa. Its central theme concerns the problems related to the interpretation of Homero Cuevas: the importance of basic goods and luxury goods in the determination of prices and the distribution of the surplus; the composition and role of the standard commodity; the limitations of the distinction between the two types of goods and theconcept of standard commodity and the supposed impossibility of constructing the standard commodity.

  13. Prevalence of Diabetes and Associated Factors in the Uyghur and Han Population in Xinjiang, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiying Gong

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To estimate the prevalence of diabetes and identify risk factors in the Uyghur and Han population in Xinjiang, China. Methods: A cross-sectional study in urban and rural areas in Xinjiang, including 2863 members of the Uyghur population and 3060 of the Han population aged 20 to 80 years, was conducted from June 2013 to August 2013. Data on fasting plasma glucose (FPG and personal history of diabetes were used to estimate the prevalence of diabetes. Data on demographic characteristics, lifestyle risk factors, and lipid profiles were collected to identify risks factors using the multivariate logistic regression model. Results: In urban areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 8.21%, and the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was higher in the Uyghur population (10.47% than in the Han population (7.36%. In rural areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 6.08%, and it did not differ significantly between the Uyghur population (5.71% and the Han population (6.59%. The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, obesity, high triglycerides (TG, and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur and Han population. Urban residence and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C were associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur population. Being an ex-drinker was associated with an increased risk of diabetes and heavy physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of diabetes in the Han population. Conclusions: Our study indicates that diabetes is more prevalent in the Uyghur population compared with the Han population in urban areas. Strategies aimed at the prevention of diabetes require ethnic targeting.

  14. Los bienes de interés cultural de Gáldar (Canarias y el conjunto histórico “Plaza de Santiago” (1981-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Sebastián López García

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available En 1981, hace veinticinco años, la zona central de Gáldar fue declarada “Conjunto Histórico Artístico” con la denominación de Plaza de Santiago. Sin embargo no era el primer bien cultural que obtenía una distinción de este tipo, ya que Gáldar había sido pionera en 1949 con el yacimiento de El Agujero y La Guancha, primero de los de carácter arqueológico declarado en Canarias, al que seguiría en 1972 la Cueva Pintada. Hasta la década de los setenta prevalecieron los bienes arqueológicos, situación que se modificó en las dos últimas décadas del siglo XX después del reconocimiento de la Plaza de Santiago y su entorno. Junto con edificaciones religiosas también se incluyeron ejemplos de arquitectura doméstica, completándose con algunos yacimientos prehispánicos. Una particular circunstancia fue la declaración en 1993 del pago de Barranco Hondo de Abajo, lo que convertía a Gáldar en el primer municipio de Canarias que contaba con dos conjuntos históricos, siendo éste a la vez el primero de la comunidad autonóma con características rurales. De la relación de los declarados, si exceptuamos la mayoría de los de carácter arqueológico, buena parte son urbanos. Una característica es que se incluyen categorías variadas, incluyendo la existencia de una zona arqueológica junto a un conjunto histórico y varios monumentos (de arquitectura religiosa y doméstica. Este hecho es lógico si se tiene en cuenta la particularidad de Gáldar y su condición de núcleo histórico de superposición.Twenty five years ago, in 1981, the central zone of Galdar was declared an "Historic Artistic Site" with the name of Plaza de Santiago. But this was not the first cultural asset to obtain a distinction of this kind, as Galdar pioneered protection of this kind with the El Agujero and La Guancha site, the first archaeological site declared in the Canary Islands, followed by La Cueva Pintada, in 1972. Archaeological assets prevailed up

  15. Honor femenino y economía de bienes simbólicos en Maracaibo, Venezuela, a finales del siglo XIX (1880 – 1900

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rincón Rubio

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta en este trabajo una aproximación antropológica a las representaciones culturales del honor femenino circulantes en la ciudad de Maracaibo, Venezuela, a finales del siglo XIX. La investigación realizada adopta un enfoque teórico-metodológico de corte estructuralista-constructivista, abordando el orden social como un sistema simbólico organizado según una lógica de la diferencia y partiendo de la premisa de que prácticas y representaciones están orientadas externamente por las estructuras objetivas de la sociedad, e internamente por esquemas de percepción, pensamiento y acción de origen social. Al tratarse de un trabajo de antropología histórica, los informantes fueron sustituidos por fuentes documentales ubicadas en diferentes archivos venezolanos. Se encuentra que las representaciones culturales del honor femenino en la sociedad en cuestión asociaban este concepto con la castidad sexual, reproduciendo esquemas culturales vigentes en la órbita del mundo occidental y proporcionando una lógica para el mantenimiento de relaciones desiguales de género y poder en la vida pública y privada de los marabinos. El capital social y el capital simbólico habrían sido componentes fundamentales del capital total de que se disponía entonces en la lucha cotidiana por la obtención de recursos y por el reconocimiento social, en una economía de bienes simbólicos que atribuía al parecer preferentemente a los hombres el trabajo oficial de conservación o incremento de dichas formas de capital.

  16. La evolución de las exportaciones de bienes de China: una visión panarómica = Chinese goods exports development: An overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Salvador Chamorro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de reforma económica que ha experimentado la economía de China es uno de los fenómenos de mayor relevancia en la evolución de la Economía Mundial en los últimos treinta años y, sin duda, seguirá siéndolo en el futuro. Dentro de este proceso, la apertura al exterior, que el gobierno chino inició en 1978, ha situado al país en un lugar de máxima relevancia dentro de los flujos comerciales y financieros internacionales. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo es intentar realizar un análisis general de la evolución del comercio exterior de China en las últimas décadas, prestando especial atención a sus exportaciones de bienes y poniendo énfasis en los cambios experimentados durante los últimos años.The process of economic reform that has experienced the Chinese economy is one of the most important events in the evolution of the World Economy in the past 30 years, and will undoubtedly remain so in the future. Within this economic reform, the opening process that the Chinese Government began in 1978, has put the country in a place of utmost importance in the international trade and financial flows. In this context, this paper try to perform an analysis of the evolution of China's foreign trade in recent decades, with particular attention to its exports and emphasizing the changes in recent years

  17. EL BESTIARIO DEL HISTORIADOR: LAS BIOGRAFÍAS DE "MONSTRUOS" DE BENJAMÍN VICUÑA MACKENNA Y LA IDENTIDAD LIBERAL COMO UN BIEN EN DISPUTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Vicuña

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo identifica y analiza una conjunto heterogéneo de textos (libros, artículos de prensa, folletos, diarios personales del historiador Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna, los cuales, si bien aluden a temáticas muy diversas, conforman una constelación de sentido marcada por el esfuerzo de apropiación de la identidad liberal, definida no en función de las disputas ideológicas con la Iglesia Católica y el Partido Conservador, sino con relación a la lucha por la libertad electoral y el ensanchamiento de la base de ejercicio de la soberanía popular, cualquiera fuera el signo político del gobierno en ejercicio. Para ello, indaga en obras de distintos periodos del historiador, así como en variados episodios de su biografía, con el propósito de contextualizar las circunstancias de producción de los textos de interés para el análisis.This article identifies and analyzes a heterogeneous body of texts (books, press articles, pamphlets and personal diaries authored by Chilean historian Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna. These texts form part of a single constellation of meaning characterized by the effort of appropriation of a liberal identity, although they concern different subjects and were intended for diverse readerships. This identity was not defined based on the disputes with the Catholic Church or by the Conservative Party. Instead identity was defined by taking into account the fight for electoral freedom and the democratizing effects of popular sovereignty. The article explores the works of Vicuña Mackenna and various episodes of his life to contextualize the circumstances of the texts analyzed.

  18. Composición de los hogares y niveles de gastos en bienes y servicios básicos en el departamento del cauca, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Mauricio Gómez Sánchez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Éste documento tiene como objetivo caracterizar los hogares rurales y urbanos del departamento del Cauca, Colombia y clasificarlos según la tipología y el ciclo de vida del hogar, para establecer su relación con los niveles de gasto mínimo en bienes básicos, es decir, con los que definen los umbrales críticos de pobreza. Para tal efecto, se utiliza la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida de 2011 y se estiman modelos de análisis de varianza multifactoriales. Los resultados muestran, entre otros, que el tipo de hogar más frecuente, tanto en el área rural como la urbana, es el nuclear con hijos y los gastos mínimos básicos, en general, son en alimentos, vivienda y salud. Los rubros de educación y transporte presentan niveles más altos de consumo en los hogares urbanos que en los rurales. The main objective of this paper is to describe the rural and urban households of the Cauca department in Colombia. The idea is to classify the households according to their typology and household life cycle in order to establish their relation with the minimum levels of expenditure on basic goods, this means with the ones that define the critical poverty thresholds. For this end, the 2011 Quality of Life survey is used as well as multifactorial variance analysis. The results show that the most common type of household for both rural and urban areas is the nuclear type of household with children, showing usually a minimal basic expenditure on food, housing and health. Education and transportation present higher consump-tion levels at urban households.

  19. La evolución de las exportaciones de bienes de China: una visión panarómica = Chinese goods exports development: An overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Salvador Chamorro

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El proceso de reforma económica que ha experimentado la economía de China es uno de los fenómenos de mayor relevancia en la evolución de la Economía Mundial en los últimos treinta años y, sin duda, seguirá siéndolo en el futuro. Dentro de este proceso, la apertura al exterior, que el gobierno chino inició en 1978, ha situado al país en un lugar de máxima relevancia dentro de los flujos comerciales y financieros internacionales. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo es intentar realizar un análisis general de la evolución del comercio exterior de China en las últimas décadas, prestando especial atención a sus exportaciones de bienes y poniendo énfasis en los cambios experimentados durante los últimos años. Abstract The process of economic reform that has experienced the Chinese economy is one of the most important events in the evolution of the World Economy in the past 30 years, and will undoubtedly remain so in the future. Within this economic reform, the opening process that the Chinese Government began in 1978, has put the country in a place of utmost importance in the international trade and financial flows. In this context, this paper try to perform an analysis of the evolution of China's foreign trade in recent decades, with particular attention to its exports and emphasizing the changes in recent years.

  20. Hydrogeochemical and isotopic investigations of the Han River basin, South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Jong-Sik; Lee, Kwang-Sik; Chang, Ho-Wan

    2007-10-01

    SummaryThe Han River, the largest river in South Korea draining approximately 26,000 km 2, comprises two major tributaries: the North and the South Han Rivers. Seasonal and spatial variations in the major ion chemistry and isotope compositions of the Han River were monitored for one year at 14-23 locations, covering about 80% of the entire drainage basin. Compared to the South Han River (SHR), the North Han River (NHR) was much lower in total dissolved solids (TDS), Sr, and major ion concentrations, but higher in Si concentration, δ 34S SO 4 values, and 87Sr/ 86Sr ratios. These observations suggest strong influence of prevailing rock types in the drainage basins on the chemical and isotopic compositions of the river waters. These are silicate rocks in the NHR basin and carbonate rocks in the SHR basin. The headwaters of the NHR basin, where several flood control dams have been constructed, show enrichment in deuterium and oxygen-18, indicating evaporative loss. The δ 34S SO 4 data suggest dissolved sulfates in the NHR and SHR are mostly derived from atmospheric deposition, and variable mixtures of atmospheric deposition and sulfide oxidation, respectively. The 87Sr/ 86Sr ratios are much higher in the NHR (0.71793-0.72722) than in the SHR (0.71495-0.71785) with one exception, indicating weathering of Precambrian and Mesozoic granitic rocks and marine carbonates, respectively.

  1. Attachment and sibling rivalry in Little Hans: the fantasy of the two giraffes revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakefield, Jerome C

    2007-01-01

    Freud's interpretation of Little Hans's "phantasy of the two giraffes" is pivotal to his oedipal analysis that Hans has inchoate desires for sexual intercourse with his mother. Bowlby argued that Freud's focus on his oedipal theory led him to ignore preoedipal attachment-related factors that have equal plausibility in explaining the clinical data. However, Bowlby did not attempt to apply the attachment perspective to the interpretation of Hans's fantasies that form the core of the case material. A microanalysis of Hans's giraffe fantasy and the evidence used to support Freud's claims about it yields an attachment-based sibling rivalry account arguably of greater explanatory power than the oedipal account. Consistent with Bowlby's hypothesis, the evidence suggests that Hans's giraffe fantasy is about the sibling rivalry triangle involved in caregiver attachment access, rather than (or in addition to) the oedipal triangle. The issue of multiple levels of meaning and the methodological challenges raised by multiple determination is also considered. The giraffe fantasy's attachment-theoretic explanation encourages a rethinking of this classic case and strengthens Bowlby's claim that the case is fruitfully viewed from an attachment perspective.

  2. Analysis of 24 Y-STR haplotype data in a Chinese Han population from Guangdong Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Liu, Chao; Zhang, Chu-chu; Li, Ran; Liu, Hong; Ou, Xue-ling; Li, Hai-xia; Sun, Hong-yu

    2016-05-01

    In this study, we investigated the genetic polymorphisms of 24 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci in 885 unrelated Chinese Han male individuals from Guangdong Province, using a domestic AGCU Y24 STR kit. A total of 878 different haplotypes were observed at the 24 Y-STR loci; among them, 871 haplotypes were unique and 7 haplotypes occurred twice. The overall haplotype diversity was 0.99998 and the discrimination capacity was 99.2%. The gene diversity values ranged from 0.4354 at DYS438 to 0.9606 at DYS385a/b. Population relationships between the Guangdong Han population and seven other published Chinese populations were evaluated by Rst values and visualized in a two multi-dimensional scaling plot. The results showed the 24 Y-STR loci are highly polymorphic in Guangdong Han population and of great value in forensic application.

  3. Relation of Plasma Uric Acid Levels and the Lipid Parameters in Han and Uygur Ethnicity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yuping; Yao Hua; Yao Wenhai; Li Qing; You Lan; Wang Qiuyun; Jiang Yan

    2006-01-01

    Objectives Hyperuricemia is a common finding in hypertension and hyperlipidemia,they are all correlated to cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to find the relationship of uric acid and plasma lipid parameters of Han and Uygur ethnicity in Xinjiang. Methods This cross-sectional health examination survey was based on a population random sample from the Urumchi, It included 1166 subjects aged from 20 to 70 years. Serum biochemical testing by Automatic Analyzer (HITACHI 7600-010).Results The uric acid in Han was higher than in Uygur(P< 0.05), men were higher than women in two ethnicities; For lipid parameters men were higher than women, in TG and HDL women were higher than in men in two ethnicity (P < 0.05). Serum uric acid was strongly related to serum triglycerides in Han as well as Uygur ethnicity ( P < 0.001); Compared with the normal group, UA, TG, CHOL, VLDL had ascending trend and HDL had descending trend (P <0.05 ) among groups in Han and Uygur ethnicity,especially Hyperuricemia-hypertriglyceridemia group,uric acid and most some lipid parameters was higher than Hyperuricemia and hypertriglyceridemia group,The prevalence of different groups in Han and Urgur was significantly different (P < 0.05). Conclusions This study shows that the UA and some lipid parameters are different in Han and Uygur ethnicity and show sexual difference; serum uric acid is markedly related to serum triglycerides; Hyperuricemia and hypertriglyceridemia show cooperated effect in uric acid and most lipid parameters. Considering the growing incidence of the potential link between hyperuricemia/hypertriglyceridemia and cardiovascular diseases, more emphasis should be put on the evolving prevalence of hyperuricemia and hypertriglyceridemia in Xinjiang.

  4. Prof. CHEN Han-ping: A Thinker in Principles and Practice of Acupuncture-moxibustion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永清; 王宇; 尹磊淼

    2010-01-01

    The Thinker (Le Penseur) is known as the masterpiece of Auguste Rodin, a distinguished French sculptor, signifying the intellectual activity and creativity of human being. Having put forward a way of "viewing the Earth from the Moon" in developing preclinical and clinical studies of acupuncture, Prof. CHEN Han-ping brought about imaginations to acupuncture scholars with his ideas on the soul, principle, skills and orientations of acupuncture. He deserves the title of "the thinker in principles and practice of acupuncture"[1-3]. The academic ideas of Prof. CHEN Han-ping are now summarized as follows.

  5. Scientific Bronze Casting Reconstruction of Zhang Heng's Seismograph from the Eastern Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Chunliang

    2010-01-01

    @@ Commissioned by the state Task Force for scientific reconstruction of Zhang Heng's seismograph, the "Eastern Han Zhang Heng's seismograph" was successfully cast on August 5, 2008 at Shanxi Yuda Group, a national cultural industry demonstration base. After sophisticated assembly and debugging,the 1.7 m tall reconstructed Zhang Heng's seismograph was displayed at the Science and Technology Museum of China in August 2009,making the Eastern Han Zhang Heng's seismograph which had been lost for thousands of years reemerge in the world.

  6. Study on the Brocades of Han Dynasty in Philadelphia Museum of Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屠恒贤

    2004-01-01

    The brocades (jin 锦) in Han Dynasty is very precious for the study of the history of ancient Chinese textiles. This paper introduces the study on the brocades of Han Dynasty, which excavated from the tumuli of the ancient nomadic tribe "Xiong-nu" (Hun 匈奴) in the Noin-Ula Mountains in Mongolia. The detailed analyses of the brocades in the collection of Philadelphia Museum of Art are given in this paper and a logical, reasonable conjecture for ancient weaving technology is proposed.

  7. Genetic determination of the enhanced drought resistance of rice maintainer HuHan2B by pedigree breeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Haibin; Feng, Fangjun; Lou, Qiaojun; Xia, Hui; Ma, Xiaosong; Liu, Yunhua; Xu, Kai; Yu, Xinqiao; Mei, Hanwei; Luo, Lijun

    2016-11-17

    The ongoing deficit of fresh water resource in rice growing regions has made the selection of water-saving and drought-resistance rice (WDR) a crucial factor in developing sustainable cultivation. HuHan2B, a new japonica maintainer for WDR breeding, had the same yield potential as recurrent parent HanFengB but showed improved drought resistance in fields. We investigated the genomic content accumulation and candidate genes passed from parent to offspring using the genomic and transcriptomic approaches. The genomic constitution indicated that the genetic similarity was 84% between HuHan2B and HanFengB; additionally, 7,256 genes with specific alleles were inherited by HuHan2B from parents other than HanFengB. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) under drought stress showed that biological function was significantly enriched for transcript regulation in HuHan2B, while the oxidation-reduction process was primarily enriched in HanFengB. Furthermore, 36 DEGs with specific inherited alleles in HuHan2B were almost involved in the regulatory network of TFs and target genes. These findings suggested that major-effect genes were congregated and transformed into offspring in manner of interacting network by breeding. Thus, exploiting the potential biological function of allelic-influencing DEGs would be of great importance for improving selection efficiency and the overall genetic gain of multiple complex traits.

  8. El caso del embargo y los bienes fuera del comercio en la enseñanza del derecho en Colombia. ¿Un caso de ceguera por atención?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Delvasto P.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Gran parte de la educación legal de Colombia por décadas ha enseñado que el embargo saca los bienes fuera del comercio, al punto que esta falsa asociación ha creado un punto ciego en la cultura legal. Ahora bien, pero y ¿qué determina la existencia de puntos ciegos y facilita la transmisión de falsas asociaciones? Bueno, en mi opinión, una respuesta para tener en mente es la manera como se enseña derecho en Colombia, pues si el profesor utiliza la cátedra magistral como metodología de enseñanza y tiene un sesgo conceptual, la probabilidad de detectar este se limita por fenómenos cognitivos como el caso de la ceguera por atención.

  9. Milline oli teie esimene töökoht? / Raivo Vare, Rein Lang, Hans H Luik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vare, Raivo, 1958-

    2002-01-01

    Oma esimest töökohta meenutavad Tallinna abilinnapea, AS-i Trio LSL nõukogu esimees Rein Lang, AS-i Pakterminal juhatuse esimees Raivo Vare ja Eesti Ekspressi vastutav väljaandja ning Ekspress Grupi nõukogu liige Hans H. Luik

  10. Bronzino and a bronze boar. Hans Christian Andersen and Stendhal in nineteenth-century Florence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klerck, A.R. de

    2015-01-01

    Bronzino e il porcellino: Hans Christian Andersen e Stendhal nella Firenze del XIX secolo La storia dell’arte dell’Ottocento non sembra aver avuto particolarmente a cuore gli artisti italiani delle generazioni successive ai grandi maestri rinascimentali, quali Raffaello e Michelangelo. Così, ad ese

  11. ANALYSIS ON GENETIC POLYMORPHISM OF 6 STR LOCI ON CHROMOSOME 12 IN CHINESE HAN POPULATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Objective To analyze the genetic polymorphism of 6 STR loci (D12S358, D12S1675, D12S1663, D12S1697, D12S1725 and D12S1613) on chromosome 12 in Chinese Han population. Methods EDTA-blood specimens were collected from 153 unrelated individuals of Chinese Han population in Shaanxi province. Allele and genotype frequencies for the 6 STR loci were estimated and statistical parameters of polymorphism were calculated. Results 8 alleles and 18 genotypes, 10 alleles and 17 genotypes, 9 alleles and 15 genotypes, 12alleles and 29 genotypes, 12 alleles and 31 genotypes, 8 alleles and 11 genotypes were observed at D12S358, D12S1675, D12S1663, D12S1697, D12S1725 and D12S1613, respectively. No deviations of the observed allele frequency from Hardy-weinberg equilibrium expectations were found for any of these loci. The Heterozygotes of these 6 loci were 78.89%, 66.10%, 54.95%, 79.10%, 71.98% and 59.48%, respectively. It indicated the high genetic polymorphism of the loci in Chinese Han population. Conclusion The 6 STR loci belonged to the genetic marker system of high discriminutesation and high information in Chinese Han population and can be used in the study of gene-related diseases.

  12. Meeting Held for the Publication of Biography of Han Xu——Experience of a Diplomat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OurStaffReporter

    2004-01-01

    Ameeting for the publication of the Book Biography of Han Xu——Experience of a Diplomat was held in the auditorium of the CPAFFC on September 20. Chen Haosu, president of the CPAFFC, and Wang Chengjia, president of the World Affairs Press, co-chaired the meeting. About 60 former colleagues, subordinates,

  13. Meeting Held for the Publication of Biography of Han Xu——Experience of a Diplomat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>A meeting for the publication of the Book Biography of Han Xu--Experience of a Diplomat was held in the auditorium of the CPAFFC on September 20. Chen Haosu, president of the CPAFFC, and Wang Chengjia, president of the World Affairs Press, co-chaired the meeting. About

  14. Antisocial Behavior in Children and Hans Eysenck's Biosocial Theory of Personality: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Dawn E.; Center, David B.

    This paper examines antisocial behavior in children and youth in relation to the biosocial personality theory of Hans Eysenck. It explains Eysenck's theory, which includes a significant role for biological factors in the development of antisocial behavior. The theory holds that three temperament traits--Psychoticism (P), Extroversion (E), and…

  15. Epidemiology Investigation of stroke among Mongolian and Han population aged over 45 in Inner Mongolia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chunyu; Lan, Tian; Zhe, Yan; Hu, Baolige; Zhang, Guohua; He, Juan; Wang, Zhiguang; Jiang, Mingfang; Hu, Riletemuer

    2017-04-04

    To discuss the status of epidemiology of stroke in the Mongolian and Han population aged over 45 years and to understand the treatment and prevention of stroke. Data collected on stroke populations aged over 45 years in the six areas in Inner Mongolia were analyzed by using stratified multi-stage cluster sampling. The prevalence rate of stroke in patients aged over 45 years in Inner Mongolia was 4.62%. The stroke prevalence rate increased with age in both males and females, the Han and Mongolian populations, and was higher in males than in females in Inner Mongolia. The prevalence rate of stroke in the Mongolian population was higher than in the Han population. The incidence rate of stroke in patients aged over 45 years in Inner Mongolia was 0.28%, of which the rate of relapsed ischemic stroke was 23.29%. The proportion of ischemic stroke in the stroke patients was higher than hemorrhagic stroke. The prevalence and incidence rates of stroke in patients aged over 45 years in Inner Mongolia were high. The prevalence rate of stroke in both the Han population and the Mongolian population increased with age. Ischemic stroke was the major form of stroke.

  16. Comparison of the Perception of English Learning Between Ethnic Group Students and Han Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈映梅

    2013-01-01

    This paper has analyzed the discrepancies of the perception of English learning between ethnic students and Han studens in a trilingual language context. The research results will be expected to broaden our understanding of the ethnic group students in the minority regions, and to provide some empirical references and implications for teachers.

  17. Brief Report: No Increase in Criminal Convictions in Hans Asperger's Original Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hippler, Kathrin; Viding, Essi; Klicpera, Christian; Happe, Francesca

    2010-01-01

    Hans Asperger originally used the term "autistic psychopathy" to describe his patients on the autism spectrum, leading to a possible confusion with psychopathic disorder and delinquent behaviour. We conducted a penal register search for 177 former patients of Asperger's clinic with a childhood diagnosis of "autistic psychopathy" or features of the…

  18. 'Presence' of the past in the presence (Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht, Eelco Runia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Schure, L

    2006-01-01

    In recent writings historian Eelco Runia (Groningen) and literary theorist Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht (Stanford) have introduced the notion of presence, a new and promising way of thinking about history. Although there are differences between the two authors, both think of presence as the antithesis of '

  19. My Practice Report to “Han Suyin Award for Young Translators”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何霞

    2016-01-01

    As we all know, "Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text." This report is going to analyze the E-C and C-E translation process of two works in "Han Suyin Award for Young Translators".

  20. Looduskaitse ülistamise ja ignoreerimise keerulisel teel / Hans Trass ; interv. Toomas Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trass, Hans, 1928-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti looduskaitse ja looduse uurimise hetkeseisust. 17. aug. 2006 vastu võetud määrusest Lääne-Eesti saarestiku biosfääri kaitseala kehtetuks tunnistamise kohta, mis näitab, et Eesti ignoreerib UNESCO loodud biosfääri kaitseala programmi. Lisatud Hans-Voldemar Trassi eluloolised andmed

  1. Quantitative Analysis of Intestinal Flora of Uygur and Han Ethnic Chinese Patients with Ulcerative Colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Ping; Cui, Min; Wang, Haikun; Gao, Hongliang; Wang, Lei; Yang, Tao; Cheng, Yongbo

    2016-01-01

    Aim. To study the correlation between intestinal flora and ulcerative colitis by analyzing the abundance of Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Clostridium, Bifidobacterium spp., and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in the intestinal of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and healthy controls with Uygur and Han ethnic. Methods. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted from fecal samples and analyzed with real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify the abundance of Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Clostridium, Bifidobacterium spp., and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii. Results. The samples from UC patients, Uygur and Han ethnic combined, had higher abundance of Bacteroides (P = 0.026) but lower Clostridium (P = 0.004), Bifidobacterium spp. (P = 0.009), and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (P = 0.008) than those from healthy controls. Among UC patients, Bacteroides population was raised in acute UC patients (P ≤ 0.05), while the abundance of Clostridium, Bifidobacterium spp., Fusobacterium, and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii decreased (P ≤ 0.05) compared with the remission. In both UC patients group and control group, no difference was observed in the abundance of these 5 bacteria between the Han and the Uygur group. Conclusions. Variations in the abundance of these five bacterial strains in intestines may be associated with the occurrence of UC in Uygur and Han populations; however, these variations were not associated with ethnic difference.

  2. Carvacrolreiches Oregano-Öl als Futterzusatz: Interview met Hans van der Mheen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grohs, Birgit; Mheen, van der H.J.C.J.

    2011-01-01

    In dit interview met Hans van der Mheen van het PPO-agv te Lelystad worden de mogelijkheden van het gebruik van etherische olie gewonnen uit oregano; origanum vulgare en origanum heracleoticum, geteeld in Nederland besproken. De olie kan gebruikt worden in voer voor pluimvee en varkens. Gezocht word

  3. Odavpoodide kett soetas suure krundi Viljandi südamesse / Hans Väre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väre, Hans, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Saksa kaubandusketi Lidl Eesti tütarfirma ostis kaubanduskeskuse rajamiseks Viljandi bussipargi kinnistu. Lidl taotleb kvartali detailplaneeringu algatamist eesmärgiga muuta kruntide piire, määrata ehitusõigus ja liikluskorraldus. Vanemarhitekt Leelo Saare selgitused. Vaata ka Hans Väre kommentaari "Mis tuleb bussiparki?" lk. 5

  4. Hans J. Massaquoi’s Destined to Witness as an Autobiographical Act of Identity Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindhout, Alexandra E.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In his autobiography, Hans J. Massaquoi describes the discrimination he encountered in Nazi Germany and Liberia because of his mixed racial background. Throughout his life Massaquoi had to cope with identity crises. Through the self-therapeutic discourse in the form of his autobiography, however, Massaquoi developed his hybrid transatlantic African American and African German identity.

  5. Association of tumor necrosis factor polymorphisms with susceptibility to ulcerative colitis in Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹倩

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association between tumor necrosis factor(TNF) promoter polymorphisms and susceptibility to ulcerative colitis (UC) in the Chinese Han population. Methods Blood samples from 110 unrelated UC patients and 292 healthy controls from Zhejiang Province, Eastern China were studied. Genotyping for 6 common TNF promoter polymorphisms (TNF-

  6. Collaboration, Reputation, and Ethics in American Academic Life: Hans H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakes, Guy; Vidich, Arthur J.

    Using the collaboration between sociologist C. Wright Mills and Hans H. Gerth and their studies of the work of Max Weber as a point of departure for a sustained discussion of academic ethics, this book explores how concealment, secrecy, and deception contribute to the building of academic reputation and how the balance of knowledge and power in a…

  7. Book Review: Zöllner, Hans-Bernd, The Beast and the Beauty: ...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grit Grigoleit

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Book Review of the monograph: Zöllner, Hans-Bernd (2012, The Beast and the Beauty: The History of the Conflict between the Military and Aung San Suu Kyi in Myanmar, 1988–2011, Set in a Global Context Berlin: regiospectra Verlag, ISBN: 978-3-9401-3244-4, 592 pages

  8. Quantitative Analysis of Intestinal Flora of Uygur and Han Ethnic Chinese Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Yao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study the correlation between intestinal flora and ulcerative colitis by analyzing the abundance of Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Clostridium, Bifidobacterium spp., and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in the intestinal of ulcerative colitis (UC patients and healthy controls with Uygur and Han ethnic. Methods. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted from fecal samples and analyzed with real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR to identify the abundance of Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Clostridium, Bifidobacterium spp., and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii. Results. The samples from UC patients, Uygur and Han ethnic combined, had higher abundance of Bacteroides (P=0.026 but lower Clostridium (P=0.004, Bifidobacterium spp. (P=0.009, and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (P=0.008 than those from healthy controls. Among UC patients, Bacteroides population was raised in acute UC patients (P≤0.05, while the abundance of Clostridium, Bifidobacterium spp., Fusobacterium, and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii decreased (P≤0.05 compared with the remission. In both UC patients group and control group, no difference was observed in the abundance of these 5 bacteria between the Han and the Uygur group. Conclusions. Variations in the abundance of these five bacterial strains in intestines may be associated with the occurrence of UC in Uygur and Han populations; however, these variations were not associated with ethnic difference.

  9. Brief Report: No Increase in Criminal Convictions in Hans Asperger's Original Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hippler, Kathrin; Viding, Essi; Klicpera, Christian; Happe, Francesca

    2010-01-01

    Hans Asperger originally used the term "autistic psychopathy" to describe his patients on the autism spectrum, leading to a possible confusion with psychopathic disorder and delinquent behaviour. We conducted a penal register search for 177 former patients of Asperger's clinic with a childhood diagnosis of "autistic…

  10. The Relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's Concept of Tradition to the Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiviskä, Anniina

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Anniina Leiviskä argues that the educational relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's concept of tradition has remained unacknowledged because of the conservatism that has been associated with Gadamer's hermeneutics, particularly his notion of tradition. Therefore, Leiviskä seeks to reveal the reflective, nonconservative nature of…

  11. Investigation into Emperors and Officials' Citation from Shi in the Western Han Dynasty and the Eastern Han Dynasty%两汉君臣用《诗》考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑利锋

    2011-01-01

    Shi has been introduced from Qin Dynasty to the Western Han Dynasty and the Eastern Han Dynasty. In both dynasties, there has been much citation of it in the order and report of the emperors and officials. Thus two schools appeared in the defined period with Xi'an as the center of Western Han Dynasty and Luoyang the center of Eastern Han Dynasty. The two centers have demonstrated different styles of citation both in the amount and the features of application owing to their different historical periods and different development of social poli- tics, economics and ideological trends, which have reflected developmental changes and histori- cal features of Shi. These differences have manifested the development and completion of the combination of classicality and historicity of Shi and have been the perfect integration of the po- litical citation of Shi in the Chun Qiu period and the textual citation in the Warring States Period%《诗》自先秦传人两汉,在两汉历朝君臣的下诏和上奏中都大量引用到《诗》,它们分别以西汉的长安和东汉的洛阳为中心,俨然形成两个用《诗》集团。由于所处的历史时代不同和不同历史时段社会政治、经济与学术思想发展的差异,这两个用《诗》集团在引用《诗》之“风”、“雅”、“颂”的数量和在诏奏中征引时所呈现出的应用特征,又有不同;而在此中则反映出了《诗》学在两汉时期的发展流变和时代特征,显示了《诗》之经典性与历史性融通的进行和完成,是春秋时期政治用《诗》和战国时期文本用《诗》的完美融合和发展。

  12. Difference in normal corneal thickness and curvature between Mongolian and Han nationalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-Xia; Zhao; Li; Zhang; Wen-Ying; Guan

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the differences in central corneal thickness(CCT) and curvature in myopic patients with different genders between Mongolian and Han nationalities in the Inner Mongolia region.METHODS: Patients with myopia, among whom 122cases(244 eyes) were Mongolian and 150 cases(300eyes) were Han, were selected. Pentacam was used to measure the corneal curvature, whereas CCT was determined by Pentacam, Orbscan and ultrasound pachymetry.RESULTS: Comparisons of the curvature of men and women in Mongolia showed a significant difference(P <0.05) by comparing of the CCT values measured by three methods in Han and Mongolian in Inner Mongolia, we can draw a conclusion that the CCT values measured by Pentacam are less than the values by Orbscan and ultrasound pachymetry, and there are statistically significant difference in CCT measurement among the instruments except between the Orbscan and ultrasound pachymetry. The CCT values of Mongolians are more than Han people, and the analysis exhibited statistical significance. The CCT values measured by Orbscan in Mongolia of women are more than men, the difference showed statistical significance.CONCLUSION: Corneal curvature in Mongolian females was significantly higher than that in males. However, no significant difference was observed among Han males and females. The CCT values of Mongolian females were higher than those of males. The normal CCT values measured by Pentacam in Mongolian myopic patients were smaller than those obtained by Orbscan or ultrasound. The normal CCT values of Mongolian patients with myopia were higher than those reported for domestic people.

  13. Hyperuricemia prevalence and genetic susceptibility of young Han males at an altitude of 4520m

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong-wei TANG

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To investigate the pathogenic characteristics of hyperuricemia and the correlation between hyperuricemia and the polymorphism of xanthine oxidase (XO in young Han males at an altitude of 4520m. Methods  Two hundred and forty Han Chinese young men, aged 16-36 years (mean 22.1 years, moved to an altitude of 4520m for 0.25-10.8 years (mean 2.3 years, were selected. The general information and physiological index were collected by using questionnaires and routine examination; Fasting venous blood was collected in the morning, serum uric acid and XO concentration were measured, and the rs17038412 polymorphism of XO gene was analyzed. Results  There were 186 hyperuricemia patients (hyperuricemia group in 240 subjects, accounting for 77.5%, and 54 people with normal serum uric acid (normal group, accounting for 22.5%. Compared with normal group, the concentrations of XO and hemoglobin were significantly higher, the blood oxygen saturation significantly lower (P<0.01, and blood uric acid concentration was positively correlated to both hemoglobin level and XO concentration in hyperuricemia group (P<0.01, P<0.001. The frequency of AT genotype was significantly higher in hyperuricemia group than in normal group (P<0.01. Logistic regression analysis showed that the AT genotype was a risk factor for hyperuricemia in the young Han men (OR=3.96, 95%CI 1.42-11.08. Conclusions  Incidence rate of hyperuricemia is high in young Han men. Serum uric acid concentration is positively correlated with the concentrations of XO and hemoglobin. AT genotype at a polymorphic site rs17038412 in XO may be related to the risk of hyperuricemia in the young Han men. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.10.13

  14. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  15. FACTORES DE ÉXITO EN PROVEEDORES DE BIENES MANUFACTURADOS DE LA SALMONICULTURA CHILENA SUCCESS FACTORS IN SUPPLIERS OF MANUFACTURES WITHIN THE CHILEAN SALMON INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Torres Fuchslocher

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza, en base a un trabajo empírico, los principales factores a nivel de la empresa que han determinado el éxito de los proveedores locales de manufacturas, en términos de participación de mercado, en el cluster del salmón en Chile. La investigación envolvió un levantamiento de material empírico a través de 50 entrevistas, las cuales fueron evaluadas cualitativamente y por medio de un análisis econométrico de corte transversal, usando variables explicativas cualitativas. Los resultados destacan la especialización sectorial, la innovación en productos especializados para la industria y la cooperación horizontal, dentro de la estrategia de entrada; y la antigüedad de la empresa, la capacidad de innovación interna, la capacidad financiera (capacidad de otorgar crédito a clientes y bajo nivel de endeudamiento y la diversificación de la cartera productos, dentro de la competitividad previa, como determinantes del éxito de los proveedores.This article analyses the main factors at the firm-level which have determined the success, in terms of market share, of manufacture suppliers within the Chilean salmon industry. The analysis is based on data collected in an empirical research that included 50 interviews with suppliers. The data was evaluated through both a qualitative analysis and a cross section econometric analysis. The results show the importance of sectoral specialization, the innovation on specialized products for the aquaculture industry and horizontal cooperation within the entry strategy of firms, whereas the firm's age, the internal innovation capabilities, the own capital and the diversification of product portfolio were the main competitive factors before the entry.

  16. La etapa de los bienes globales en salud, una perspectiva nacional The age of public goods in health, a national perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ángel Córdova-Villalobos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Los efectos adversos del tabaquismo sobre la salud han sido ampliamente reconocidos desde tiempo atrás. A pesar de todo, el tabaquismo no parece disminuir, con las inevitables consecuencias sobre la morbilidad y la mortalidad de millones de personas. Tan sólo en este año la OMS calcula que cinco millones de personas morirán por esta causa. En México, 26.2% de la población entre 15 y 65 años fuma con regularidad y el consumo se incrementa entre los jóvenes y las mujeres. La OMS adoptó el Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco, ratificado por México, lo que llevó a la creación de la Ley General para el Control del Tabaco, un importante hito en la política sanitaria mexicana, que próximamente será promulgada y que se espera tendrá un efecto notable en la contención de la epidemia de tabaquismo en el país.Adverse health effects from smoking have been widely known for a long time. Nevertheless, tobacco use does not appear to decrease, and with it the inevitable consequences on morbidity and mortality for millions of people continue. This year alone, the WHO calculates that five million people will die from tobacco use. In Mexico, 26.2% of the population between the ages of 15 and 65 smoke regularly and consumption increases among youth and women. The WHO adopted the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, ratified by Mexico, which brought about the General Law for Tobacco Control, an important milestone in Mexican sanitary policy. This law will soon be in force and is expected to have a notable effect on containing the smoking epidemic in the country.

  17. Comer bien, comer mal: la medicalización del comportamiento alimentario Eating well, eating poorly and the medicalization of eating behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Gracia-Arnaiz

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza el progresivo proceso de medicalización del comportamiento alimentario por el cual una buena parte de los motivos pragmáticos o simbólicos que articulan la selección y el consumo humano de alimentos se ha sustituido por otros de orden nutricional. La normalización dietética se ha concretado, en particular en los contextos de relativa abundancia de alimentos, en torno de la dieta equilibrada, un patrón alimentario basado en la restricción y promoción del consumo de ciertos alimentos y nutrientes -qué y cuánto comer- y en la prescripción de un conjunto de pautas relativas a cómo, cuándo y con quién hacerlo, y cuyos objetivos han sido no sólo regular los cuidados del cuerpo y la salud, sino promover, a su vez, un cierto orden social y ético.This article describes how the progressive process of medicalization of food is inscribed within a biomedical logic that attempts to substitute many of the economic, adaptative and symbolic reasons that have ethnographically and historically conditioned eating habits in all cultures, exclusively for reasons of a dietetic nature. According to this logic, most of the population of modern societies does not know how to eat because they are victims of or have been made ill by the current profusion of food. They must, therefore, learn how to eat well, which in terms of eating practices means eating a little of everything, in moderation and in a balanced way. The main aim of current nutritional education is to (reestablish a supposed dietetic normality as far as food consumed, quantities, number of intakes and meal structures are concerned.

  18. Para além da autoconsciência moderna: a historiografia de Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht Beyond modern self-consciousness: the historiography of Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdei Lopes de Araujo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, apresento uma análise dos aspectos historiográficos da obra de Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht. Acompanhado o desenvolvimento de sua teoria da modernidade e das conseqüências dessa teoria para a escrita da história e para a auto-consciência disciplinar. Por fim, proponho uma releitura da história da historiografia através dos dois tipos de culturas propostas por Gumbrecht, ou seja, culturas de sentido e culturas de presença. Argumento que mesmo que a historiografia moderna possa ser caracterizada como predominantemente ancorada na produção de sentido, aspectos centrais de sua história só podem ser explicados através de elementos típicos da produção de presença.This paper analyses some historiographical aspects of Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht's work, particularly his theory of modernity and its consequences to the writing of history and its disciplinary self-conscious. Finally, it is proposed a reinterpretation of the history of historiography based on the distinction between cultures of presence and cultures of meaning. It is argued that despite the fact that the elements of meaning are predominant in the constitution of modern historiography, the forces acting in its constitution cannot be explained without typical elements of a culture of presence.

  19. Eléments traces dans le sérum des enfants malnutris et bien nourris vivants à Lubumbashi et Kawama dans un contexte d'un environnement de pollution minière

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musimwa, Aimée Mudekereza; Kanteng, Gray Wakamb; Kitoko, Hermann Tamubango; Luboya, Oscar Numbi

    2016-01-01

    Introduction La place des éléments traces métalliques essentiels en nutrition humaine ne peut plus être ignorée. Les déficits d'apports, les carences secondaires souvent sous – estimées, et les carences iatrogènes font le lit de pathologies telles que les infections et autres. D'où leurs dosages ont une importance particulière pour en évaluer la gravité et faciliter une prise en charge précoce ou améliorer le régime alimentaire. Cette étude a eu pour objectif de déterminer le profil sanguin en éléments traces (cuivre, sélénium, zinc, fer, chrome, cobalt, etc) chez les enfants malnutris et biens nourris dans un milieu minier à Lubumbashi. Méthodes Trois cents onze cas ont été colligés, 182 malnutris et 129 biens nourris, dans une étude descriptive transversale, effectuée de juillet 2013 à décembre 2014. Pour lequel un échantillonnage exhaustif a été réalisé. Le dosage des métaux dans le sérum s'est fait à l’ ICP-OES (spectrométrie de masse à plasma gon induit) au laboratoire de l'Office Congolais de Contrôle de Lubumbashi. Résultats Les oligoéléments essentiels (cuivre, zinc, sélénium et fer) se retrouvent à des concentrations très basses chez les enfants malnutris comme chez les biens nourris. L'arsenic, le cadmium, le magnésium et le manganèse se présentent à des concentrations normales par rapport aux valeurs de références chez les enfants biens nourris. L'antimoine, le chrome, le plomb et le cobalt se retrouvent élevés chez les malnutris et biens nourris. Le nickel est normal chez les malnutris et les biens nourris. Le magnésium, manganèse se sont présentés à des taux très bas chez les enfants malnutris. Conclusion Les enfants malnutris et biens nourris présentent une malnutrition aux oligo-éléments essentiels associés aux éléments traces métalliques. Ce qui permet de supposer qu'une carence en micronutriments essentiel favorise l'absorption des métaux lourds. PMID:27583075

  20. Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y-STR loci in Han Chinese living in Lanzhou.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hong-bing; Yang, Xin; Ha, Fei; Zhang, Zi-long

    2013-12-01

    The genetic polymorphism across 17 Y-STR loci in a population of Han Chinese in Lanzhou was investigated. Haplotypes and allele frequencies for the 17 Y-chromosomal STRs loci DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y GATA H4, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS448 were determined in 500 healthy unrelated autochthonous males from Lanzhou. The results showed that no shared haplotypes were observed. Gene diversity values ranged from 0.3987 (DYS391) to 0.9740 (DYS385a,b). It was concluded that these loci will be very useful for human identification in forensic cases and paternity tests within the Han Chinese population inhabiting Lanzhou.

  1. Hans-Peter Schultze, a great paleoichthyologist for whom work is synonymous with enjoyment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Cloutier

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In the summer of 1982, Hans-Peter Schultze and Gloria Arratia were invited to a small museum located on a fossiliferous site of the Devonian Escuminac Formation in Miguasha, Quebec, eastern Canada, Hans-Peter was to work with Marius Arsenault, the director of the Miguasha Museum, on the skull of the elpistostegalid Elpistostege watsoni, a species closely related to basal tetrapod. In addition, he went through the collections to describe and measure numerous juvenile specimens of the osteolepiform. Eusthenopteran foordi. As expected, there two projects turned out to be important contributions in lower vertebrate paleontology and systematics: one on the origin of tetrapods (1985, and the second one on growth patterns of a Late Devonian fish (1984. During his visit to Miguasha, Hans-Peter also spent time digging for fossils and drawing numerous specimens in the collection. In addition, in order to help the personnel of the museum to identify some of the Escuminac fished, he created an identification key based on the gross morphology of the scales. For a small group of undergraduate students, hired at the museum during the summer as naturalists, it was a unique opportunity to discuss paleontology with a leading researcher. We were amazed by his willingness to talk to us, even if then most of us only spoke French! For the first time, we were exposed to Hennigian methodology and its usage in vertebrate paleontology during and evening lecture that Hans-Peter prepared for us. His lecture was delightful; it was an intensive course in lower vertebrate anatomy, and an intellectual journey among the philosophers Karl Marx and Karl Popper, the entomologists Willy Hennig and Lars Brundin, and "The Band of Four" (Rosen et al., 1981. It was for most of us our first exposure to science, as it should be done. We were all impressed by his knowledge and above all by his simplicity and friendliness. Two years later I started my Ph.D. at The University of Kansas

  2. Association of Gghrelin Polymorphisms with Metabolic Syndrome in Han Nationality Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LING-LING XU; HONG-DING XIANG; CHANG-CHUN QIU; QUN XU

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association of ghrelin gene polymorphisms with metabolic syndrome in Han Nationality Chinese. Methods A total of 240 patients with metabolic syndrome annd 427 adults aged above forty years were recruited. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment lengthpolymorphism analysis.Results The allelic frequency of the Leu72Met polymorphismwas 17.3% in the patient group and 11.9% in the control group(x2=7.36, P=0.007). Metabolic syndrome was more prevalent among carriers of the Met72 variant (43.8 vs 33.1%, age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio=1.57, P=0.01). No Arg51Gln variants were found in our study subjects. Conclusion Rather than being associated with its individual components, Leu72Met polymorphism is associated with metabolic syndrome in the Han Nationality Chinese. Arg51Gln polymorphism is rare in the Hart Nationality Chinese.

  3. Inverted migration of rare whisker sheatfish in Nong-Han Lake, northeastern Thailand: implications for conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phongkaew, P; Arunyawat, U; Swatdipong, A; Hongtrakul, V

    2014-09-12

    Nong-Han Lake, Thailand, sustains the whisker sheatfish (Micronema bleekeri Günther, 1864), which is a rare species of freshwater catfish. Wild-caught whisker sheatfish has been intensively harvested to meet market demand; yet, genetic information about this species remains unknown. To assist with the in situ conservation of whisker sheatfish populations in Nong-Han Lake, 35 and 34 individuals from the middle (MN) and lower (LN) areas of the lake, respectively, were studied using 7 microsatellite loci. Low genetic variation was detected in the MN (HO=0.338, AR=2.710) and LN (HO=0.394, AR=2.714) populations. Genetic differentiation between the 2 populations was significant (FST=0.063, PChao Phraya River basins is required to assist national-scale conservation efforts.

  4. Genetic Analysis of 15 STR Loci in Chinese Han Population from West China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya-Jun Deng; Jiang-Wei Yan; Xiao-Guang Yu; Yuan-Zhe Li; Hao-Fang Mu; Yan-Qing Huang; Xiao-Tie Shi; Wei-Min Sun

    2007-01-01

    Allele frequencies for 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci (D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818, and FGA) were obtained from 7,636 unrelated individuals of Chinese Han population living in Qinghai and Chongqing, China. Totally 206 alleles were observed, with the corresponding allele frequencies ranging from 0.0001-0.4982. Chi-square test showed that all of the STR loci agreed with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. We also compared our data with previously published population data of other ethnics or areas. The results are valuable for human identification and paternity testing in Chinese Han population.

  5. Angiogenin gene polymorphism: A risk factor for diabetic peripheral neuropathy in the northern Chinese Han population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongli; Fan, Dongsheng; Zhang, Yingshuang

    2013-12-25

    Angiogenin is associated with the pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Here, we quenced the coding region of the angiogenin gene in genomic DNA from 207 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (129 diabetic peripheral neuropathy patients and 78 diabetic non-neuropathy patients) and 268 healthy controls. All subjects were from the Han population of northern China. No mutations were found. We then compared the genotype and allele frequencies of the angiogenin synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism rs11701 between the diabetic peripheral neuropathy patients and controls, and between the diabetic neuropathy and non-neuropathy patients, using a case-control design. We detected no statistically significant genetic associations. Angiogenin may not be associated with genetic susceptibility to diabetic peripheral neuropathy in the Han population of northern China.

  6. Bong-Han Corpuscles as Possible Stem Cell Niches on the Organ-Surfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Su Kim

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : Showing that Bong-Han corpuscles(BHC are suppliers of the stem cells in adulthood, and the Bong-Han ducts(BHD are transportation routes of stem cells. Methods : BHC and BHD were obtained from the internal organ-surfaces of rats. The sliced BHC and BHD were immunostained with various stem cell markers. Extracellular matrices were also analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Result : The presence of mesenchymal stem cells was confirmed by the expression of Integrin beta 1, Collagen type 1 and Fibronectin. But CD54 was not expressed. The hematopoietic stem cell marker, Thy 1 was strongly expressed. BHDs showed Collagen type 1, Fibronectin, and vWF expression. Conclusion : Both hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cell markers were expressed strongly in BHC similarly as in bone marrow. An endothelial cell marker(vWF demonstrated the possibility of the stem cell transportation routes of BHD.

  7. Image and Role of the Queen Mother of the West in Han Grave Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša VAMPELJ SUHADOLNIK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article is a detailed study of the image of an ancient Chinese goddess, The Queen Mother of the West, called Xiwangmu 西王母 in Chinese. In the mythological tradition, Xiwangmu is a goddess who possesses the elixir of immortality and dwells in the western paradise, on the magic mountain Kunlun 崑崙. While her image can be found in mural paintings, and on lacquered objects and bronze mirrors, it appears primarily in the form of relief images on the stones and bricks of grave chambers and temples in the Han (206 BCE–220 CE grave complexes. The literary tradition reveals a multifunctional role of the mother, with her many attributes developing in accordance with the changing values of social and mythological concepts. The article concludes with a detailed discussion of her image and role within the wider cosmological context of Han grave art.

  8. Parity and litter size effects on maternal behavior of Small Tail Han sheep in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Shen-Jin; Yang, Yan; Li, Fu-Kuan

    2016-03-01

    The effects of parity and litter size on maternal behavior of Small Tail Han sheep was investigated at Linyi University, China. Sixty-eight ewes were observed from parturition to weaning. Continuous focal animal sampling was used to quantify the duration of maternal behaviors. Ewe feces were collected every 2 days and estradiol concentration was measured with an enzyme immunoassay kit. All lambs were weighed 24 h after parturition and again at 35 days of age. Parity increased sucking, following, grooming, low-pitched bleat, head-up and udder-refusal behavior and decreased aggressive behavior (P primiparous ewes at birth (P primiparous ewes. Parity and litter size may have effects on maternal behavior during lactation. Ewes that have 2-3 lambs may be more suitable for production of Small Tail Han sheep in China.

  9. Debating Modernity as Secular Religion: Hans Kelsen’s futile exchange with Eric Voegelin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the mysterious and recently published last book by Hans Kelsen, “Secular Religion. A Polemic Against the Misinterpretation of Modern Social Philosophy, Science and Politics as ‘New Religions’”, contextualizing it with reference to the little known dialogue between Hans Kelsen...... and Eric Voegelin. The confrontation between Kelsen and Voegelin, two of the most illustrious émigré scholars who found in America their new home, is important to revisit because it touches upon several axes of debate of crucial importance to postwar intellectual history: the religion/secularity debate......, the positivist/anti-positivist debates, and the controversy that also led to the famous Voegelin/Arendt debate: how to read the horrors of totalitarianism into a historical trajectory of modernity. Although the Kelsen/Voegelin exchange ended in failure and bitterness its substance matter goes to the heart...

  10. Y-chromosome haplotype distribution in Han Chinese populations and modern human origin in East Asians

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    We investigated the distribution of Y-chromosome haplotype using 19 Y-SNPs in Han Chinese populations from 22 provinces of China. Our data indicate distinctive patterns of Y chromosome between southern and northern Han Chinese populations. The southern populations are much more polymorphic than northern populations. The latter has only a subset of the southern haplotypes. This result confirms the genetic difference observed between southern and northern ethnic populations in East Asia. It supports the hypothesis that the first settlement of modern hu-mans of African origin occurred in the southern part of East Asia during the last Ice Age, and a northward migration led to the peopling of northern China.

  11. [The professionalized transformation of medical witchcraft in the Qin-Han Dynasties].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yang; Liu, Changhua

    2014-03-01

    By witchcraft, it refers to the activities of imagining and intending to affect or control the object through"supernatural power". Ancient witchcraft was applied extensively in which those applied for medical purpose included sorcery, praying, superstitious art of anti-disaster, and tabooing, were collectively called"medical witchcraft". During the Qin-Han periods, witchcraft was transformed by the theory of Yin-Yang and Five-Phases as a part of technical profession. Among them, the system of demon-ghost witchcraft was replaced by the necromantic ghost system; exorcism and taboo system were infiltrated with the conception of the art of mathematics and technical system; whereas the superstitious art of anti-disaster was replaced by incantation. The remnants of medical witchcraft not yet totally transformed were also applied by the technical professionals of the Qin-Han Dynasties.

  12. More heritability probably captured by psoriasis genome-wide association study in Han Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Long; Liu, Lu; Cheng, Yuyan; Lin, Yan; Shen, Changbing; Zhu, Caihong; Yang, Sen; Yin, Xianyong; Zhang, Xuejun

    2015-11-15

    Missing heritability is a common problem in genome-wide association studies in complex diseases/traits. To quantify the unbiased heritability estimate, we applied the phenotype correlation-genotype correlation regression in psoriasis genome-wide association data in Han Chinese which comprises 1139 cases and 1132 controls. We estimated that 45.7% heritability of psoriasis in Han Chinese were captured by common variants (s.e.=12.5%), which reinforced that the majority of psoriasis heritability can be covered by common variants in genome-wide association data (68.2%). The results provided evidence that the heritability covered by psoriasis genome-wide genotyping data was probably underestimated in previous restricted maximum likelihood method. Our study highlights the broad role of common variants in the etiology of psoriasis and sheds light on the possibility to identify more common variants of small effect by increasing the sample size in psoriasis genome-wide association studies.

  13. Polymorphism analysis of 15 STR loci in a large sample of Guangdong (Southern China) Han population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ling; Lu, Huijie; Qiu, Pingming; Yang, Xingyi; Liu, Chao

    2015-11-01

    AmpFℓSTR Sinofiler PCR Amplification Kit is specially developed for Chinese forensic laboratories, but there are little population-genetic data about this kit for Southern China. This kit contains 15 STR loci: D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, D18S51, D6S1043, D12S391, D5S818 and FGA. We have conducted genotyping experiments on the 15 STR loci in 5234 unrelated individuals from Guangdong (Southern China). We observed a total of 243 alleles in the group with the allelic frequency values ranging from less than 0.0001 to 0.3686. Our statistic analysis indicates that the 15 STR loci conform to the Hardy-Weinberg's equilibrium (p>0.05). The highest polymorphism was found at D6S1043 locus and the lowest was found at D3S1358. The combined power of discrimination reached 0.99999999999999999977431 and the combined probability of paternity exclusion reached 0.999999721 for 15 STR loci. Guangdong Han population had significant differences compared with Shaanxi, Shandong and Henan province of Northern China. A Neighbor-joining tree indicates that the Guangdong Han has a close genetic relationship with the Yunnan population. Significant differences were found between Guangdong Han population and other reported populations (Japanese, Philippine, African American, Caucasian, Hispanic and Western Romanian) at 2-11 STR loci. The results may provide useful information for forensic sciences and population genetics studies. The present findings indicate that all the 15 STR loci are highly genetically polymorphic in the Han population of Guangdong.

  14. CPPCC Vice Chairman and CPAPD President Mr.Han Qide Visits Mexico and Argentina via France

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Mexican Council on Foreign Relations(COMEXI)and the World Peace Council(WPC),Mr.Han Qide,Vice Chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference(CPPCC)and President of the Chinese People’s Association for Peace and Disarmament(CPAPD)attended the WPC international conference,visited Mexico and Argentina,and transited through

  15. The Stable of Central Authorities in Han Dynasty%汉代中央的厩

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈刚

    2015-01-01

    The Stable of central authorities in Han dynasty was set up inside and outside Changan city. The amount of the stables of central authorities in the latter Han was lower than those in the Former Han.The stable of central authorities was administered by the system of emperor finance. The horses of the stable were chosen from the traditional herse breeding area.Confiscation and requisition from the local government were al⁃so the main sources. The horses were provided for emperor and his families to ride, sacrifices, complement to the regional post house, and as army horse. The officers of the stable were including of ling(令), cheng(丞),and jian(监). They were close to emperor in spite of their humble status. The change of stable in Han dynasty reflect⁃ed the development of the administrative system.%汉代中央的厩设置于长安城内外。东汉中央厩的数目较之西汉有所减省。中央厩由帝室财政系统掌管,其马匹主要从传统养马区选择,罚没、从地方征调也是中央厩马的重要来源。厩马主要供皇帝及帝室成员骑乘,祭祀、补充地方传置,以及作为军马等。中央厩所设置的职官主要有令、丞、监等,其秩级虽低,但和皇帝关系密切。厩在两汉时期的变化从一个侧面反映了汉代行政体系逐渐发育成熟。

  16. Comparative transcriptome profiling of longissimus muscle tissues from Qianhua Mutton Merino and Small Tail Han sheep

    OpenAIRE

    Limin Sun; Man Bai; Lujie Xiang; Guishan Zhang; Wei Ma; Huaizhi Jiang

    2016-01-01

    The Qianhua Mutton Merino (QHMM) is a new sheep (Ovis aries) variety with better meat performance compared with the traditional local variety Small Tail Han (STH) sheep. We aimed to evaluate the transcriptome regulators associated with muscle growth and development between the QHMM and STH. We used RNA-Seq to obtain the transcriptome profiles of the longissimus muscle from the QHMM and STH. The results showed that 960 genes were differentially expressed (405 were up-regulated and 555 were dow...

  17. A comprehensive analysis of NDST3 for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Han Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, C; Lu, W; Wang, Z; Ni, J; Zhang, J; Tang, W; Fang, Y

    2016-01-05

    A novel susceptibility locus (rs11098403) for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) was identified in an Ashkenazi Jewish population by a recent large-scale genome-wide association study. The rs11098403 is located in the vicinity of the gene encoding N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase (heparan glucosaminyl) 3, (NDST3). This study aimed to replicate the results in a Han Chinese population and then potentially extend these findings. We performed a two-stage study to investigate the association of NDST3 with the schizophrenia and BD risk in the Han Chinese. In stage 1, a total of 632 patients with schizophrenia, 654 patients with BD and 684 healthy controls were recruited from the Shanghai region. In stage 2, 522 schizophrenia patients and 547 normal subjects were enrolled from the Hangzhou region. Then, we conducted a meta-analysis based on the present literature. In stage 1, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11098403 showed a significant association with schizophrenia (corrected P=0.005). The frequency of the rs11098403 G allele was significantly lower among schizophrenia patients than among the controls (odds ratio (OR)=0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55-0.84, corrected P=0.002). No significant difference was observed in individual SNP marker genotypes or allele distributions between the BD and control groups. In stage 2, the association of rs11098403 with schizophrenia could be validated (genotypic P=0.001 and allelic P=0.0003). After pooling all data from 1861 patients with schizophrenia and 2081 controls, we observed a significant association of the rs11098403 G allele with schizophrenia (Z=5.56, Pschizophrenia in the Han Chinese. Further investigations are warranted to identify the precise mechanism regulating brain NDST3 expression in the Han Chinese. These results would help to explain the pathophysiological mechanism of schizophrenia.

  18. Hans Sperber e Freud: a origem sexual da linguagem humana e a psicanálise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Antonieta Amarante de Mendonça Coh

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, discute-se a relação entre a psicanálise, a linguageme sua origem sexual, tendo por base dois autores: Hans Sperber(1912, cuja proposta é a de que a linguagem humana falada temuma origem e um desenvolvimento vinculados ao sexual; SigmundFreud, nos textos em que trata de questões relativas à linguagemem sentido estrito.

  19. Genetic variants associated with lean and obese type 2 diabetes in a Han Chinese population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Xiaomu; Xing, Xiaoyan; Hong, Jing; Zhang, Xuelian; Yang, Wenying

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is highly phenotypically heterogeneous. Genetics of the heterogeneity of lean and obese T2D is not clear. The aim of the present study was to identify the associations of T2D-related genetic variants with the risks for lean and obese T2D among the Chinese Han population. A case–control study consisting of 5338 T2D patients and 4663 normal glycemic controls of Chinese Han recruited in the Chinese National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study was conducted. T2D cases were identified according to the 1999 World Health Organization criteria. Lean T2D was defined as T2D patient with a body mass index (BMI) CAMK1D, HHEX, and TCF2 were associated with the risk for lean T2D, and SNPs in or near KCNQ1 and FTO were associated with the risk for obese T2D. The results showed that the GRS for 25 T2D-related SNPs was more strongly associated with the risk for lean T2D (Ptrend = 2.66 × 10−12) than for obese T2D (Ptrend = 2.91 × 10−5) in our study population. Notably, the T2D GRS contributed to lower obesity-related measurements and greater β-cell dysfunction, including lower insulin levels in oral glucose tolerance test, decreased insulinogenic index, and Homeostasis Model Assessment for β-cell Function. In conclusion, our findings identified T2D-related genetic loci that contribute to the risk of lean and obese T2D individually and additively in a Chinese Han population. Moreover, the study highlights the contribution of known T2D genomic loci to the heterogeneity of lean and obese T2D in Chinese Hans. PMID:27281091

  20. Zur Frage der Gewalt in Hubert Fichtes Interviews mit Hans Eppendorfen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Weinberg

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio investiga a importância da violência na entrevista de Hubert Fichte com Hans Eppendorfer, o Homem de Couro - no plano conteudístico e no plano estrutural. Tenta-se demonstrar como Fichte manipula (violentamente o entrevistado. A violência que é tema da entrevista é examinada dentro do horizonte da teoria fichtiana do ritual.

  1. Hans Bethe and Physics in/of the 20th Century

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schweber, Silvan [Brandeis University

    2012-12-12

    I will present some facets of Hans Bethe’s life to illustrate how I have used biography to narrate certain aspects of the history of twentieth century physics. I will focus on post World War II quantum field theory, on the relation between solid state/condensed matter physics and high energy physics, and make some observations regarding certain “top down” views in solid state physics in postmodernity.

  2. Sintoma e invenção no caso Pequeno Hans de Freud.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Eduardo Viana Vidal

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available As we will try to show in the article, initial result of a research on the symptom in Freud and Lacan, Freud's case study of Little Hans, published over one hundred years ago, teaches us how a subject whose world collapsed and who is taken by anguish, can invent, rig up with the remaining fragments a symptom that reorganizes for himself a liveable world.

  3. 50 aastat Euroopa integratsiooni: aeg uueks alguseks / Hans-Gert Pöttering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pöttering, Hans-Gert, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja, 23. märts 2007, lk. 1; Pärnu Postimees, 24. märts 2007, lk. 19; Koit, 24. märts 2007, lk. 6; Põhjarannik, 24. märts 2007, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 24. märts 2007, lk. 2. Euroopa Parlamendi presidendi Hans-Gert Pötteringi mõtted Euroopa Ühenduse asutamislepingu sõlmimise 50. aastapäeva puhul

  4. La Torre de Hanói y los Qn Grafos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Milagros Latasa Asso

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available La Torre de Hanói es uno de los hallazgos matemáticos más ingeniosos de la matemática recreativa. Gracias a una leyenda con tinte oriental hoy se conoce de modo universal. Se describen en este artículo las relaciones entre las soluciones del rompecabezas y los ciclos hamiltonianos en los grafos Qn.

  5. The first Koç Han: Pioneering modern architecture in Ankara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya Atalay Franck

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Koç Holding is the most established conglomerate in Turkey. Th e company’s beginnings date from the mid 1920s, when Ahmet Vehbi Koç, founder of Koç Holding, had his first own company registered with the Ankara Chamber of Commerce. In 1932, Koç moved his business from his father’s store on Anafartalar Street to a new building, the first Koç Han, erected the same year on Çankırı Street Nr.13 in Ulus. Th e building’s designer was Swiss-Austrian architect Ernst Arnold Egli, who had come to Turkey only five years earlier upon invitation by the government to work as chief architect of the Ministry of National Education. During his stay, which lasted from 1927 until 1940, Egli realized about 40 projects and worked on many more. Koç Han is the rare example of a commercial building by Egli. At a time when the urban aspect of the old town center of Ankara consisted mostly of one-or two-storeyed stone-and-wood houses, the first Koç Han represented an altogether new building type for the town, in being a multipurpose edifice with space for shops at street level, with large storage facilities below ground, and providing off ices and housing on the upper fl oors. Th e functional rigor of the plan and the sober modernism of the building’s facades contrasted strongly with the architecture of the time. In this respect, the first Koç Han was a strong statement regarding Ahmet Vehbi Koç’s belief in a modern Turkey and to the contribution of the building’s architect, Ernst Arnold Egli, to this project.

  6. Lakatos und Bohrs Programm. Entgegnung auf eine Kritik von Hans Radder

    OpenAIRE

    Carrier, Martin

    1983-01-01

    In a paper published in this Journal, Hans Radder argues that a detailed analysis of the degenerating phase of Bohr's programme reveals the basic incorrectness of Lakatos' own reconstruction of this period. Furthermore the corrected version shows the impossibility to account for the development in Lakatosian concepts. In this reply I try to point out that a slight modification of Lakatos' reconstruction is sufficient for reconciling the theory with the historical data. It is not Lakatos's the...

  7. Association study of SHANK3 gene polymorphisms with autism in Chinese Han population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruan Yan

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Autism, a heterogeneous disease, is described as a genetic psychiatry disorder. Recently, abnormalities at the synapse are supposed to be important for the etiology of autism.SHANK3 (SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains protein gene encodes a master synaptic scaffolding protein at postsynaptic density (PSD of excitatory synapse. Rare mutations and copy number variation (CNV evidence suggested SHANK3 as a strong candidate gene for the pathogenesis of autism. Methods We performed an association study between SHANK3 gene polymorphisms and autism in Chinese Han population. We analyzed the association between five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs of the SHANK3 gene and autism in 305 Chinese Han trios, using the family based association test (FBAT. Linkage disequilibrium (LD analysis showed the presence of LD between pairwise markers across the locus. We also performed mutation screening for the rare de novo mutations reported previously. Results No significant evidence between any SNPs of SHANK3 and autism was observed. We did not detect any mutations described previously in our cohort. Conclusion We suggest that SHANK3 might not represent a major susceptibility gene for autism in Chinese Han population.

  8. Association of the CTLA4 gene with Graves' disease in the Chinese Han population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuang-Xia Zhao

    Full Text Available To determine whether genetic heterogeneity exists in patients with Graves' disease (GD, the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated 4 (CTLA-4 gene, which is implicated a susceptibility gene for GD by considerable genetic and immunological evidence, was used for association analysis in a Chinese Han cohort recruited from various geographic regions. Our association study for the SNPs in the CTLA4 gene in 2640 GD patients and 2204 control subjects confirmed that CTLA4 is the susceptibility gene for GD in the Chinese Han population. Moreover, the logistic regression analysis in the combined Chinese Han cohort revealed that SNP rs231779 (allele frequencies p = 2.81x10(-9, OR = 1.35, and genotype distributions p = 2.75x10(-9, OR = 1.42 is likely the susceptibility variant for GD. Interestingly, the logistic regression analysis revealed that SNP rs35219727 may be the susceptibility variant to GD in the Shandong population; however, SNP, rs231779 in the CTLA4 gene probably independently confers GD susceptibility in the Xuzhou and southern China populations. These data suggest that the susceptibility variants of the CTLA4 gene varied between the different geographic populations with GD.

  9. The chronological age estimation of third molar mineralization of Han population in southwestern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qing, Maofeng; Qiu, Lihua; Gao, Zhi; Bhandari, Kishor

    2014-05-01

    The purpose of the study was to estimate the chronology of third molar mineralization in Han population of southwestern China and find its unique characteristics so that it would provide a reference in several legal cases like forensic age estimation. The study used Demirjian's staging method to study 2192 orthopantomograms of 984 male and 1208 female subjects aged between 8 and 25 years. The statistical data was analyzed by Student's t test and ANOVA. The conclusions of the study are: (1) The chronological mineralization age of third molars of Han population in Southwestern China is similar to the Turkish and the Japanese, was earlier than the Austrian and Han of South China, but later than the Spanish. (2) The mineralization timing of the third molars between two sides in maxilla or mandible has no significant differences in the same gender group. (3) There is no significant difference in mineralization of third molars between male and female, except for tooth 48 in Demirjian's stage E. (4) The mineralization of third molar in maxilla is earlier than mandible.

  10. Association between Common Genetic Variants and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Risk in a Chinese Han Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ying; Yuan, Yi; Yang, Hua; Li, Jingjie; Feng, Tian; Ouyang, Yongri; Jin, Tianbo; Liu, Ming

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies affecting 5-7% of reproductive age women worldwide. The aim of our study was to explore the PCOS-related single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associations between common genetic variants and PCOS risk in a Han Chinese women population. Methods: In this case-control study, 285 Chinese Han women aged 28.50±6.858 years with PCOS and 299 controls of a mean age of 32.66±7.018 years were compared. We selected recently published genome-wide association studies (GWAS) which identified several genetic loci in PCOS. All the SNPs were genotyped by Sequenom Mass-ARRAY technology. Associations between the gene and the risk of PCOS were tested using various genetic models by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and Plink. Results: We found that rs705702 in the RAB5B/SUOX was associated with PCOS (odds ratio=1.42; 95% confidence interval=1.08-1.87, p=0.011) and increased the PCOS risk. The genotypic model analysis also showed that rs705702 was associated with PCOS risk. Conclusion: Our results suggest that SNPs rs705702 in gene RAB5B/SUOX was associated with PCOS in Han Chinese women. PMID:27217259

  11. [Mode and size of HPA-typed platelet apheresis donor bank in Chinese Han population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Yu-Dong

    2010-08-01

    This study was purposed to determine the mode and size of human platelet antigens (HPA) typed platelet apheresis donor bank. The published data of HPA distribution collected from Chinese Han population of 16 provinces were analyzed. The combined data were tested with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The results showed that the bb homozygote was not detected in HPA-1, -4, -6, -10, and b gene was not found in HPA-7-9, 11-14, -16. There were 648 combined HPA 1-16 genotypes in Chinese Han population, and the cumulative frequency of 42 combinations higher than 0.001 were 0.9763. The highest frequency (0.2012) in combination was HPA-(7-8-9-11-12-13-14-16) aa - (1-4-5-6-10) aa-2aa-3ab-15ab. The probability of HPA dual antigen mismatch in HPA-15, -3 and -2 was higher than the 0.1, and the probability in the HPA-1, -5, and -6 was between 0.01 - 0.1. The probability of full-match in HPA1-16 antigens was 0.3195 in Chinese Han population after the random blood transfusion. According to the curve drawn by donor number (N) versus frequency (F), the regression equation LogN = -0.4394 x Ln (F) +0.4324 was derived at P = 95%. If the derived frequency (product of HPA frequency and ABO frequency) is 0.005, then the N should be 576.07 at least in Chinese Han population. It is concluded that the mode of regional, multi-center database of HPA-typed platelet apheresis donor bank may be acceptable in Chinese Han population, and the suitable number of HPA-typed platelet donor in one bank may be 600. Therefore, the bank can be used to treat the platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR) caused by HPA-15, 3 and 2 mismatch mainly, and can be expanded effectively in similar genetic background to deal with the low-frequency HPA antigens mismatch. The number of HPA-typed platelet apheresis donor influences not only on the frequency of HPA, but also on the frequency of ABO group.

  12. Chronological age estimation of third molar mineralization of Han in southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Dong Lin; Wu, Zhi Ling; Cui, Min Yi

    2010-03-01

    In order to study the chronology of age of third molar mineralization of Han in southern China, Demirjian staging method was used to determine the stage of four third molars (18, 28, 38, 48) mineralization in 3,100 Han in southern China aged 4.1-26.9 years based on radiological evidence from digital orthopantomograms. The mean age of the 3,100 patients was 15.96 +/- 4.73 years, including 1,200 male (mean age, 15.32 +/- 4.62) and 1,900 female (mean age, 16.35 +/- 4.76). Results show that there was no significant difference in mineralization between 18 and 28 and 38 and 48 of male or female. However, significant difference was observed between 28 and 38 of female at stage C; 28 was 0.25 years earlier than 38. In male, at stage G, 38 was 0.61 years earlier than 28, and 48 was 0.62 years earlier than 18. At stages D, E, F, G, and H, male 48 was 0.34, 0.66, 0.72, 1.34, and 0.76 years earlier than that of female, respectively. At stages A, D, E, F, G, and H, male 38 was 0.73, 0.26, 0.56, 0.91, 1.29, and 0.70 years earlier than that of female, respectively. At stages B, E, F, G, and H, the mineralization mean age of male 18 was 0.54, 0.50, 0.76, 0.92, and 0.58 years earlier than that of female, respectively. At stages E, F, G, and H, the mineralization mean age of male 28 was 0.51, 0.76, 0.92, and 0.49 years earlier than that of female, respectively. After reviewing the literature, the chronological mineralization age of 48, at stages D to G, of Han in southern China was 1 to 4.6 years earlier than that of Japanese and 1 to 3 years earlier than that of German. The mean age at stage H of 48 of Han in southern China was similar to Turkish, Black African, Japanese, and German, but was later than Spanish. Finally, the conclusions are: (1) in the same gender group of Han in southern China, the mineralization ages between two sides in upper or lower jaw are very similar, and (2) the chronology mean age and complete time of third molar mineralization of male were earlier than

  13. La participación social en la protección y gestión de los bienes agrarios inscritos en la lista del patrimonio mundial : ejemplos de buenas prácticas y estrategias de futuro

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Yáñez, Celia

    2015-01-01

    La participación de las personas y las comunidades que viven en lugares inscritos en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial (o que se ven directamente afectadas por la inscripción) en la toma de decisiones respecto a su identificación, protección y gestión, es uno de los principales retos que debe afrontar la Convención de Patrimonio Mundial para alcanzar su anhelada credibilidad. Esta participación real y activa, exigible en todos los tipos de bienes culturales y naturales (independientemente de su...

  14. The using differences and contrasts of the French adverb bien、très and beaucoupp%法语副词bien,très,beaucoup用法的区别和比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋玉芳

    2010-01-01

    法语中有很多表示程度的副词,其中副词bien , très, beaucoup的用法对于初学者来说最容易混淆.本文首先对这三个词的各自的特殊用法分别做了分析举例.然后再两两加以比较区别,并通过例子来印证,加深印象.

  15. Tercer Premio del I Concurso de monólogos científicos de la Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales. Saber comer para crecer muy bien. La teoría endosimbiótica

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez López, Jaime; Cabrera Castro, Remedios; López López, José Antonio; Albendín García, Gemma

    2015-01-01

    La teoría endosimbiótica fue propuesta por Lynn Margulis en 1967 y como tantas otras al principio no fue bien valorada por los científicos. Esta teoría plantea esencialmente que algunos de los orgánulos de las células eucariotas, en particular las mitocondrias y los plastos, fueron en su momento organismos procariontes de vida libre (bacterias), que probablemente tras haber sido fagocitadas no fueron digeridas llegando a formar parte y creando una relación dependiente de la célula que las fag...

  16. Hanxue Shangdui: A case study on the contentions between the Han School and the Song School in the middle Qing dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Shuhong

    2006-01-01

    During the Jiaqing and Daoguang periods of the Qing dynasty,Fang Dongshu published the Hanxue Shangdui,which launched a fierce attack on the Han School and marked the open contentions between the Han and the Song schools.While defending the Song Learning.Fang attacked the shortcomings of the Han School.mainly in four aspects:the Han School's methods of scholarship,various concepts of philosophy proposed by the Han-Learning scholars,the trivial and piecemeal character,and the heterodoxy of the Han School.Fang Dongshu criticized the Han-Learning scholars who Paid attention only to the books and neglected the social affairs.Sharp and reasonable as it was,his criticism however seemed less objective,especially when he tried to use the emperor's authority to threaten the Han School,which was beyond the range of the normal academic debates.

  17. Some philology questions and history value of Hou Han Shu, which for the research the district geography in han and before han dynasty%《后汉书》对研究西汉以前政区地理的史料价值及相关文献学问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛德勇

    2012-01-01

    南朝刘宋范晔撰著的《后汉书》本纪和列传,配以西晋司马彪《续汉书》诸志,是研治东汉一朝史事最为重要的基本史料。惟研究西汉以及汉代以前各个时期的地理问题,范哗《后汉书》和包括《郡国志》在内的《续汉书》诸志,同样具有很多《汉书·地理志》以及《史记》和《汉书》其他部分所不具备的独特史料价值。%The imperial and collective biographies of Hou Han Shu compiled by Fan Ye from theLiu Song Dynasty, along with the records of Xu Han Shu compiled by Sima Biao from the Jin Dynasty, are the most important fundamental historical texts for studying the histories during the EasternHan Dynasty. Regarding the research on geographical issues before and during Han Dynasty, Fan Ye "s Hou Han Shu and Xu Han Shu including Jun Guo Zhi possess unique historical texts that Han Shuincluding its Treaties on Geography and Shiji do not have.

  18. CPPCC Vice Chairman and CPAPD President Mr.Han Qide on a good-will visit to Mexico and Argentina transit through France

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>During stay in Mexico,Mr.Han Qide meets with Mr.Cervantes,President of the Senate in May 2014.Mr.Han Qide and his party attend the"Seminar on the Opportunities and Challenges in China-Mexico Cooperation".Mr.Han Qide meets with persons in charge of the Ministry of Health of Mexico.Mr.Han Qide visits the Mexican Council on Foreign Relations.

  19. Quines empreses han aguantat millor la crisi, les empreses familiars o les no familiars?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luis Gallizo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objecte: En aquest estudi és porta a terme un anàlisi comparatiu sobre l’evolució de l’estructura econòmica i financera que presenten les empreses familiars i no familiars de Catalunya en un context d’intensa crisi econòmica. La seva finalitat és poder donar resposta a dos qüestions principals: identificar les característiques diferencials de l’EF respecte a l’EnF i comprovar si aquestes característiques diferencials han permès a les EF aguantar millor la crisi econòmica. Disseny/metodologia: S’ha analitzat una mostra de 750 grans i mitjanes empreses de Catalunya (550 familiars i 200 no familiars durant el període 2008-2012. Les dades s’han obtingut a través de la base de dades SABI, i per a la classificació de les empreses en familiars i no familiars s’ha dut a terme una comprovació individual de cadascuna d’elles per evitar habituals errors de classificació. Posteriorment les empreses s’han classificat en funció de la seva dimensió per dotar d’una major robustes els resultats. També s’ha procurat que la distribució d’empreses per sectors fos similar en les diferents categories per evitar que un efecte sectorial pogués tergiversar els resultats de l’estudi. Aportacions i resultats: L’estudi ha permès constatar les hipòtesis establertes sobre el finançament de les empreses familiars i concloure que aquestes presenten una estructura financera diferent a les Empreses no familiars. Les empreses familiars als seus balanços, presenten un major nivell d’autofinançament gràcies a la seva menor distribució de dividends. A més a més, les EF presenten millors resultats en quant a nivells de cobertura i liquiditat, ja que es troben més capitalitzades i presenten uns nivells d’endeutament inferior que les Empreses no familiars. Aquestes característiques patrimonials i financeres han contribuït a que les empreses familiars aguantin millor els anys de crisi, produint-se durant aquests anys

  20. His Excellency Mr Hans Brattskar, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Norway to the United Nations Office, visiting CERN

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2099575

    2016-01-01

    Ambassador Hans Brattskar signing the guest book with Director for international relations Charlotte Warakaulle and Director-General Fabiola Gianotti; Deputy Permanent Representative and Minister Kjersti Sommerset and CERN Advisers Pippa Wells and Jens Vigen are also present.

  1. Sequence analysis and functional study of the Han Nationality glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor transcript

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Zhe-yu; HUANG Ai-jun; LU Chang-lin; WU Xiang-fu; HE Cheng

    2001-01-01

    To study the sequence and function of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) transcript in subjects of Han nationality. Methods: The Han nationality GDNF transcript was amplified by RT-PCR and expressed by baculovirus expression system. Biological activity of the expressed product was measured by the primary culture of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Results: There only existed the shorter GDNF transcript of 555 bp in the Han nationality. The secretory expression product of the shorter transcript in insect cells promoted the survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons. Conclusion: It is found that there is a 78 bp deletion in the Han nationality GDNF transcript compared with the reported 633 bp GDNF transcript. The 78 bp deletion does not affect the secretory expression and biological activity of GDNF mature protein.

  2. On the Inscriptions of Han Period Pictorial Stones%汉代画像石榜题略论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨爱国

    2005-01-01

    Inscriptions on the Han period pictorial stones, as this sort of relief itself, are broadly distributed across the country. With extensively involving contents, they present one aspect of the change of the mourning concept in the Han period and reflect the intensify of care for living people. They tell of the existence of folk versions on historical figures' careers beyond history books written in biographical style. Meanwhile, they provide a standard for the chronological study of Han pictorial stones.The official positions mentioned in these inscriptions can be used in comparative study of archaeological and literal evidence to supply omission in historical documents and especially to correct errors in textual records. It is known from pictorial stone inscriptions that there already existed the official position of Mt.Tai governor in the Eastern Han period.

  3. Adsorption and decomposition of monopropellant molecule HAN on Pd(100) and Ir(100) surfaces: A DFT study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Sourav; Shetty, Sharath A.; Gowrav, M. N.; Oommen, Charlie; Bhattacharya, Atanu

    2016-11-01

    We have performed density functional theory calculations with the generalized gradient approximation to investigate the catalytic decomposition reactions of one of the most promising monopropellants, hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN), on two catalytically active single crystal Pd(100) and Ir(100) surfaces, aiming at exploring different reaction pathways and reactivities of these two surfaces towards the catalytic decomposition of HAN. We find that the HAN molecule binds both the Pd(100) and Ir(100) surfaces molecularly in different orientations with respect to the surface. The HONO elimination is found to possess the lowest activation energy on the Pd(100) surface; whereas, NO2 elimination is predicted to show the lowest activation energy on the Ir(100) surface. Exothermicities associated with different reaction steps are also discussed. This is the first theoretical report on the catalytic decomposition reactions of the HAN molecule on the single crystal Pd(100) and the Ir(100) surfaces using the periodic DFT calculations.

  4. Association of TSHR gene polymorphisms and haplotypes with Graves’ disease in Han population from coastal areas in Shandong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海丽

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association of thyroid stimulating hormone receptor(TSHR)gene polymorphisms and haplotypes with Graves’disease(GD)in Han population from coastal areas in Shandong province

  5. Pain management using Han's acupoint nerve stimulator combined with patient-controlled analgesia following neurosurgery A randomized case control study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junming Ye; Zuyu Zhu; Cheng Huang; Jun Wei

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Han's acupoint ncwve stimulator(HANS)has been frequently used to relieve pain by promoting the central ncrvve system's release of endogenous opioid peptides through electric stimulation to the body surface.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the pain-relieving effects of HANS,combined with patient-controlled analgesia,following neurosurgery,and to observe adverse reactions and effects.DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:A randomized centrel observation was performed at the Department of Neurology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan MeScal College(Ganzhou,Jiangxi Province,China)from January 2005 to February 2006.PARTICIPANTS:Forty patients,who were selected for craniotomy and required pain relief following surgery at the Department of Neurology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Garman Medical College(China),were included in this study.METHODS:Forty patients underwent neurosurgery and were randomly divided into two groups:patient-controlled analgesia plus HANS(+HANS,n=20)and patient-controlled analgesia(-HANS,n=20).Both groups were well matched in baseline data.Automatic syringe infusion pump ZZB-150 was the product of Nantong Aipeng Medical Instruments Co.,Ltd.(China).Patient-controlled analgesia consisted of 100 mL 0.02% lappaconitine/0.02% metoclopramide.LH-402 HANS instrument was produced in Beijing(China),with a serial number of 402183.The HANS instrumentation was used to stimulate the Hegu-Laogong acupoint on one side and Jiaogan,Shenmen penetrating Shen,Waifei,Naogan penetrating Pizhixia ear acupoints on the affected side for one hour,with 2-hour intervals.The disperse-dense wave was alternating,with a 2/100 Hz frequency of dectrical stimulation.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:The scores of visual analogue scale and incidence of adverse reaction were observed in two groups following surgery.RESULTS:Compared with the-HANS group,the visual analogue scale scores were remarkably lower in the+HANS group six hours after surgery(P<0.01),and the incidence rate of adverse reactions

  6. Evaluation of the genetic parameters and mutation analysis of 22 STR loci in the central Chinese Han population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hongdan, Wang; Bing, Kang; Ning, Su; Miao, He; Bo, Zhang; Yuxin, Guo; Bofeng, Zhu; Shixiu, Liao; Zhaoshu, Zeng

    2017-01-01

    At present, the Han nationality is China's main ethnic group and also the most populous nation in the world. This is a great resource to study microsatellite mutations and for the study of ethnogeny. The aim of this study is to investigate the genetic polymorphisms and mutations of 22 autosomal STR loci in 2475 individuals from Henan province, China. DNA is amplified and genotyped using PowerPlex™24 system. The gene frequencies, forensic parameters, and the mutation rate of the 22 STR loci are analyzed. A total of 295 alleles are observed in this Henan Han population, and the allelic frequencies ranged from 0.0003 to 0.5036. In order to investigate the genetic relationships between the Henan Han and the other 14 different populations, our present data were compared with previously published data for the same 15 STR loci. The results indicated that the Henan Han had closer genetic relationships the groups including Minnan Han, Maonan, Yi and Guangdong Han groups while the South morocco population, the Moroccan population, the Malay group, and the Uigur stand away from Henan Han. Except of D2S441, D13S317, PentaE, D2S1338, D5S818, TPOX and D19S433, the mutation events are found in the other 15 STR loci. A total of 40 mutation events are observed in the 15 STR loci. The mutation rates are ranged from 0 to 4.85 × 10(-3). In this study, 39 mutations are single-step mutations, and only one at FGA comprised two steps. STR mutation is commonly existed in paternity testing, while there are no STR mutation studies of the 22 STR loci in the Henan Han population. It is of great importance in forensic individual discrimination and paternal testing.

  7. LBP and CD14 polymorphisms correlate with increased colorectal carcinoma risk in Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rui Chen; Fu-Kang Luo; Ya-Li Wang; Jin-Liang Tang; You-Sheng Liu

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To explore the associations of polymorphisms of lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP), cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) with the colorectal carcinoma (CRC) risk in Han Chinese. METHODS: Polymorphisms of LBP (rs1739654, rs2232596, rs2232618), CD14 (rs77083413, rs4914), TLR-4 (rs5030719), IL-6 (rs13306435) and TNF-α (rs35131721) were genotyped in 479 cases of sporadic colorectal carcinoma and 486 healthy controls of Han Chinese in a case-control study. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between cases and controls were analyzed by unconditional logistic regression. RESULTS: GA and GG genotypes of LBP rs2232596 were associated with a significantly increased risk of CRC [odds ratio (OR) = 1.51, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.99, P = 0.003; OR = 2.49, 95% CI 1.16-5.38, P = 0.016, respectively]. A similar association was also observed for the CG genotype of CD14 rs4914 (OR= 1.69, 95% CI 1.20-2.36, P = 0.002). In addition, a combination of polymorphisms in LBP rs2232596 and CD14 rs4914 led to a 3.4-fold increased risk of CRC (OR = 3.44,95% CI 1.94-6.10, P = 0.000).CONCLUSION: This study highlights the LBP rs2232596 and CD14 rs4914 polymorphisms as biomarkers for elevated CRC susceptibility in the Chinese Han population.

  8. The association between common genetic variation in the FTO gene and metabolic syndrome in Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Tong; ZHANG Li-li; ZHANG Yun; SUN Xiao-fang; ZHANG Qian; HUANG Yi; XIAO Xin-hua; WANG Duen-mei; DIAO Cheng-ming; ZHANG Feng; XU Ling-ling; ZHANG Yong-biao; LI Wen-hui

    2010-01-01

    Background Genome-wide association studies for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) identified FTO gene as a locus conferring increased risk for common obesity in many populations with European ancestry. However, the involvement of FTO gene in obesity or T2DM related metabolic traits has not been consistently established in Chinese populations. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of FTO genetic polymorphisms with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Han Chinese.Methods We tested 41 FTO single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for association between FTO and MetS-related traits. There were a total of 236 unrelated subjects (108 cases and 128 controls), grouped according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria.Results Of the 41 SNPs examined, only SNP rs8047395 exhibited statistical significance (P=0.026) under a recessive model, after Bonferroni adjustment for multiple testing (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.11-2.42; P=0.014). The common distributions of this polymorphism among Chinese-with a minor allele frequency (MAF) of 36% in the control group versus 48% in the MetS group-greatly improved our test power in a relatively small sample size for an association study. Previously identified obesity-(or T2DM-) associated FTO SNPs were less common in Han Chinese and were not associated with MetS in this study. No significant associations were found between our FTO SNPs and any endophenotypes of MetS.Conclusions A more common risk-conferring variant of FTO for MetS was identified in Han Chinese. Our study substantiated that genetic variations in FTO locus are involved in the pathogenesis of MetS.

  9. Environmental Risk Factors in Han and Uyghur Children with Dyslexia: A Comparative Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Zhao

    Full Text Available Several studies have been conducted to explore risk factors for dyslexia. However, most studies examining dyslexia have been skewed toward Western countries, and few have considered two nationalities simultaneously. This study focused on differences in dyslexia prevalence and potential environmental risk factors between Han and Uyghur children.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kashgar and Aksu, cities in Xinjiang province, China. A two-stage sampling strategy was used to recruit 2,854 students in grades 3-6 from 5 primary schools in 5 districts; 2,348 valid student questionnaires were included in the analysis. Dyslexia checklists for Chinese and Uyghur children and pupil rating scales were used to identify children with dyslexia. Questions related to the home literacy environment and reading ability were used to evaluate potential environmental risk factors. Single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine prevalence and risk factors for dyslexia.Dyslexia prevalence differed significantly between Han (3.9% and Uyghur (7.0% children (P < 0.05, and the boy-to-girl diagnosis ratio was almost 2:1. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ethnic differences in dyslexia prevalence between Han and Uyghur children could have occurred because of factors such as mother's occupation (P = 0.02, OR = 0.04, 95% CI = 0.01-0.68 and the frequency with which parents told stories (P = 0.00, OR = 4.50, 95% CI = 1.67-12.11.The prevalence of dyslexia was high in all children, particularly those in the Uyghur group. Environmental factors could have been responsible for some of the differences observed. The results contribute to the early identification and management of dyslexia in children from these two groups and research examining developmental dyslexia and differences in racial genetics.

  10. Association Study of IL-12B Polymorphisms Susceptibility with Ankylosing Spondylitis in Mainland Han Population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhang

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine whether the genetic polymorphisms of IL-12B gene is a susceptibility factor to Ankylosing spondylitis (AS in mainland Han Chinese population.Eight single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs (rs10045431, rs11167764, rs3212227, rs6556412, rs6556416, rs6871626, rs6887695 and rs7709212 in the IL-12B gene were genotyped by iMLDR Assay technology in 400 patients [96% (384/400 HLA-B27(+] and 395 geographically and ethnically matched healthy controls in mainland Han Chinese population. The correlation between IL-12B genetic polymorphisms and AS activity index (BASDAI, BASFI were tested.The significant difference was found in genotype distribution between AS and healthy controls (χ2 = 6.942, P-value = 0.031 of the SNP rs6871626. Furthermore, significant evidence was also detected under the recessive model for minor allele A. The AA genotype carrier had 1.830 fold risk compared with C allele carrier (with CC and AC genotypes [OR (95% CI = 1.830 (1.131-2.961, P-value = 0.014]. Nevertheless, the difference was no longer significant after Bonferroni correction. Subset analysis on cases with HLA-B27(+ did find the same results. Three genotypic groups (AA, CC and CA in rs6871626 site was highly associated with the BASDAI and BASFI (P-value = 0.012 and P-value = 0.023, respectively, after adjustment for effect of age, sex, and disease duration, the P-value was 0.031 and 0.041, respectively. The AA genotype of rs6871626 was also significantly correlated with an increased BASDAI and BASFI compared to the AC and CC genotypes in AS patients.Our findings suggest that rs6871626 may be associated AS susceptibility and with disease activity (BASDAI, BASFI in mainland Han Chinese population.

  11. Environmental Risk Factors in Han and Uyghur Children with Dyslexia: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Hua; Zhang, Baoping; Chen, Yun; Zhou, Xiang

    2016-01-01

    Background Several studies have been conducted to explore risk factors for dyslexia. However, most studies examining dyslexia have been skewed toward Western countries, and few have considered two nationalities simultaneously. This study focused on differences in dyslexia prevalence and potential environmental risk factors between Han and Uyghur children. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kashgar and Aksu, cities in Xinjiang province, China. A two-stage sampling strategy was used to recruit 2,854 students in grades 3–6 from 5 primary schools in 5 districts; 2,348 valid student questionnaires were included in the analysis. Dyslexia checklists for Chinese and Uyghur children and pupil rating scales were used to identify children with dyslexia. Questions related to the home literacy environment and reading ability were used to evaluate potential environmental risk factors. Single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine prevalence and risk factors for dyslexia. Results Dyslexia prevalence differed significantly between Han (3.9%) and Uyghur (7.0%) children (P boy-to-girl diagnosis ratio was almost 2:1. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ethnic differences in dyslexia prevalence between Han and Uyghur children could have occurred because of factors such as mother’s occupation (P = 0.02, OR = 0.04, 95% CI = 0.01–0.68) and the frequency with which parents told stories (P = 0.00, OR = 4.50, 95% CI = 1.67–12.11). Conclusions The prevalence of dyslexia was high in all children, particularly those in the Uyghur group. Environmental factors could have been responsible for some of the differences observed. The results contribute to the early identification and management of dyslexia in children from these two groups and research examining developmental dyslexia and differences in racial genetics. PMID:27416106

  12. Vitamin D binding protein variants associate with asthma susceptibility in the Chinese han population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Youming

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Asthma is a genetically heterogeneous disease. Polymorphisms of genes encoding components of the vitamin D pathway have been reported to associate with the risk of asthma. We have previously demonstrated that vitamin D status was associated with lung function in Chinese asthma patients. In this study, we tested whether polymorphisms of genes encoding for vitamin D receptor (VDR, vitamin D 25-hydroxylase (CYP2R1 and vitamin D binding protein (GC were associated with asthma in the Chinese Han population. Methods We sequenced all 8 exons of VDR and all 5 exons of CYP2R1 in a Chinese case-control cohort of asthma consisting of 467 cases and 288 unrelated healthy controls. Two mutations were identified in these regions. These variants were specified as rs2228570 in exon 2 of VDR and rs12794714 in exon 1 of CYP2R1. We also genotyped two common polymorphisms in GC gene (rs4588 and rs7041 by a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP method. We analyzed the association between these 4 polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility and asthma-related traits. Results Polymorphic markers in VDR and CYP2R1 were not associated with asthma in the Chinese Han cohort. Importantly, variants in GC gene, which give rise to the two most common electrophoretic isoforms of the vitamin D binding protein, were associated with asthma susceptibility. Compared with isoform Gc1, Gc2 was significantly associated with the risk of asthma (OR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.01-1.78 p = 0.006. Conclusions The results provide supporting evidence for association between GC variants and asthma susceptibility in the Chinese Han population.

  13. HLA-G coding region and 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) in two Chinese Han populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wen Yi; Tian, Wei; Liu, Xue Xiang; Li, Li Xin

    2016-08-01

    In this study, exons 2-4 and 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G gene were investigated for 201 and 104 healthy unrelated Han samples recruited from Hunan Province, southern China and central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, northern China, respectively, using sequence-based typing and cloning methods. Totally 12 HLA-G alleles in the coding region, 9 variable sites in 3'UTR, 8 3'UTR haplotypes and 15 HLA-G extended haplotypes (EHs) incorporating the coding region and 3'UTR were observed. Very strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) was observed between HLA-A and HLA-G, and between HLA-G coding region and 3'UTR in each population (all global P=0.0000). Seven HLA-A-G haplotypes showed significant LD in both populations. Three HLA-G alleles in the coding region, 4 polymorphic sites in the 3'UTR, 3 3'UTR haplotypes and 4 HLA-G EHs differed significantly in their distributions between the 2 Chinese Han populations (all P≤0.0001). There was evidence for balancing selection acting on HLA-G 3'UTR positions +3010, +3142 and +3187 in the two populations. The NJ dendrograms demonstrated the existence of two basic HLA-G lineages and indicated that, HLA-G*01:01:01, the most common HLA-G allele, formed a separate lineage from other alleles. Our results shed new lights into HLA-G genetics among Chinese Han populations. The findings reported here are of importance for future studies related to post-transcriptional regulation of HLA-G allelic expression and the potential role of HLA-G in disease association in populations of Chinese ancestry.

  14. NO ASSOCIATION BETWEEN TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR ALPHA AND OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER IN CHINESE HAN POPULATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate association between tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in Chinese Han population.Methods Plasma concentrations of TNF-α were measured in 61 drug-free patients who fulfilled DSM-Ⅳ criteria for OCD and 93 healthy controls.TNF-α concentrations in blood were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Two polymorphisms of TNF-α gene were investigated in the same patients and healthy controls:-308 G/A and-238 G/A.The allelic and genoty...

  15. [Sigmund Freud and Hans Blüher in up to now unpublished letters].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neubauer, J

    1996-02-01

    In the years 1912 and 1913 there occured an epistolary encounter between the founder-father of psychoanalysis and the young Hans Bluher who had been active in the Wandervogel movement, a German youth movement with strong traditionalist and nationalist leanings. Their correspondence centered around the evaluation of male homosexuality, a point on which Freud and Bluher were not in entire agreement. In his introduction Neubauer outlines the intellectual nub of this debate and sketches Bluher's later career and his gradual transformation into a biologistically motivated anti-Semite completely and utterly disowned by Freud.

  16. Traduire la bêtise. Entretien avec Hans-Horst Henschen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Horst Henschen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Quand il entreprend de traduire l’ensemble du corpus Bouvard et Pécuchet, Hans-Horst Henschen est déjà un traducteur reconnu. Ses traductions et/ou éditions de Barthes, Lévi-Strauss, Lyotard, Althusser, Michel Serres ou Jean Starobinski font de lui en Allemagne un relais important de la pensée française. Et à ces traductions d’auteurs ou de courants critiques, s’ajoutent celles qui s’y rattachent par raccroc ; celles qui semblent au contraire quitter les champs de l’anthropologie, de la psych...

  17. ELEMENTOS PARA PENSAR A CRISE DA RACIONALIDADE OCIDENTAL - O CAMINHO DE HANS JONAS E DE LEVINAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flaviano Fonseca

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo destaca a importância de pensar a racionalidade ocidental a partir dacategoria da alteridade e da responsabilidade ética. A razão instrumental colaborousignificativamente para com a profunda crise pela qual passa a nossa racionalidade ocidental.Hans Jonas propõe uma nova ética nesta época em que somos chamados a escolher o nossofuturo. Isso implica refletir sobre a questão do ser (humano e não humano como fim em simesmo, pois somos uma comunidade terrestre com um destino comum.

  18. Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroups and the Risk of Sporadic Parkinson's Disease in Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya-Fang Chen; Wan-Jin Chen; Xiao-Zhen Lin; Qi-Jie Zhang; Jiang-Ping Cai; Chia-Wei Liou; Ning Wang

    2015-01-01

    Background:Mitochondrial dysfunction is linked to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD).However,the precise role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variations is obscure.On the other hand,mtDNA haplogroups have been inconsistently reported to modify the risk of PD among different population.Here,we try to explore the relationship between mtDNA haplogroups and sporadic PD in a Han Chinese population.Methods:Nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms,which define the major Asian mtDNA haplogroups (A,B,C,D,F,G),were detected via polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism or denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in 279 sporadic PD patients and 510 matched controls of Han population.Results:Overall,the distribution ofmtDNA haplogroups did not show any significant differences between patients and controls.However,after stratification by age at onset,the frequency of haplogroup B was significantly lower in patients with early-onset PD (EOPD) compared to the controls (odds ratio [OR] =0.225,95% confidence interval [CI]:0.082-0.619,P =0.004),while other haplogroups did not show significant differences.After stratification by age at examination,among subjects younger than 50 years of age:Haplogroup B also showed a lower frequency in PD cases (OR =0.146,95% CI:0.030-0.715,P =0.018) while haplogroup D presented a higher risk of PD (OR =3.579,95% CI:1.112-11.523,P =0.033),other haplogroups also did not show significant differences in the group.Conclusions:Our study indicates that haplogroup B might confer a lower risk for EOPD and people younger than 50 years in Han Chinese,while haplogroup D probably lead a higher risk of PD in people younger than 50 years of age.In brief,particular Asian mtDNA haplogroups likely play a role in the pathogenesis of PD among Han Chinese.

  19. Detecting the polymorphism sites of p53 and Fas genes of Han population in Zhejiang province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Zhuo; Xingye Zeng; Dadao Huang; Xuexue Zhou

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: It is of significance for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs),a difference of rank, which exists widely in biology, genetics and other fields.OBJECTIVE: To detect polymorphism sites in exon-4 of p53 gene, promotor of Fas gene and intron-7 of Fas gene of healthy people in Han nationality in Zhejiang province.DESIGN: Simple random sampling.SETTING: Department of Surgery of the 118 Hospital of Chinese PLA.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 80 healthy people in Han nationality were selected from hospitals in Zhejiang province from August 2005 to January 2006. There were 43 males and 37 females aged from 3 to 78 years with the mean age of 39.5 years, and all subjects were consent. DNA which was used in genetic analysis was selected from peripheral venous blood of all subjects and maintained at -20 ℃.METHODS: Polymorphism sites in exon-4 of p53 gene, promotor of Fas gene and intron-7 of Fas gene were detected with directly DNA sequencing technique.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Polymorphism sites in exon-4 of p53 gene, promotor of Fas gene and intron-7 of Fas gene of healthy people in Han nationality in Zhejiang province.RESULTS: A total of 80 samples were involved in the final analysis. SNPs sites were found at the 119th base of exon-4 of p53 gene (the 72nd codon of p53 gene), the 670th base of upper start codon in promotor of Fas gene (Fas-670), and the 995th base of intron-7 of Fas gene, especially SNPs in the 995th base of intron-7 pf Fas gene, I.e. C→A transversion, was a new site.CONCLUSION: One unknown SNPs site is discovered in intron-7 of Fas gene of people in Han nationality in Zhejiang province. This study also proves that the 72nd codon exists in p53 gene and the -670 polymorphism site exists in promotor of Fas gene.

  20. Autocratic Bureacratism: Han Fei's Ancient Chinese Strategies of Governance as Contrasted with Machiavelli's Political Philosophy

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    This study is a comparative analysis of the political philosophies of the ancient Chinese thinker Han Fei (ca. 280-233 BC) and the Western Renaissance thinker Niccolò Machiavelli (AD 1469-1527). In the thought of these pioneers of strategic political thought – both notorious for their hardheaded and “realist” approach to political life – the special problems of power maintenance and political stability are focused. The strong focus on these issues in the two thinkers must be seen in the l...

  1. Experiencia e historicidad en la hemenéutica de hans-georg gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    Mancilla Muñoz, Mauricio

    2013-01-01

    Se busca mostrar la mutua correspondencia entre experiencia e historicidad en la obra de Hans-Georg Gadamer. La experiencia es entendida como el movimiento fundamental de la existencia histórica, la cual articula las diversas esferas de la acción humana. La experiencia hermenéutica pone de manifiesto que el comprender no puede fundarse en un procedimiento metódico, sino en la forma del existir situado en el mundo. El acto hermenéutico es entendido como un continuo proceso de apropiación, que ...

  2. HANS BELLMER, UN ARTISTE PHILOSOPHE OU L'IDENTITE EN QUESTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARYVONNE PERROT

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available If the surrealist group has attracted the interest of philosophers, one can also note that some of these artists have attempted to develop their own philosophical reflection. This was the case of Hans Bellmer obsessed with the themes of desire, body and metamorphosis and, through that, with the games of identity and otherness. The anatomy of the image, one of Bellmer’s essential books, also shows the role of the artistic creation in the efforts to illuminate the “enigma of existence”.

  3. Annual Conference (4th) on HAN-Based Liquid Propellants. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    and J. D. Knapton, BRL, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 1000 Break 1020 "Quantitative Analysis of HAN-Based Liquid Propellants" by Dr. H. J. de Greiff ...Backof Dr. H. Joachin de Greiff 0721-4640-382 0721-4640-321 Rolf Hausen 0721-4640- 170 Fraunhofer- Institut-fuer K-urzzeitd3namik Ernst- Mach...6106 Ron Sasse’ Leon Decker (301) 278-6172 (301) 278-6167 Andrez Miziokel Wm F. McBratney (301) 278-6157 (301) 278-6171 227 I 4 228 DISTRIBUTION LIST No

  4. Hans Christian Andersen's spelling and syntax: Allegations of specific dyslexia are unfounded

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kihl, Preben; Gregersen, K.; Sterum, N.

    2000-01-01

    Sources contemporary with Danish author Hans Christian Andersen claimed that he did not master the Danish Language, which modern studies interpret as specific dyslexia. A systematic study of his diaries from age 20 to 70 found a mean spelling error percentage of approximately 1.7 (SD=1%, range 0...... and 15 times lower than the mean percentages in studies of individuals with dyslexia. A structural analysis of Andersen's spelling errors shows that they are mainly phonologically plausible from ages 11 to 70, and that the proportion of phonologically plausible/implausible errors match those of normal...... achievers, but not those of individuals with dyslexia....

  5. Vision improvement in a Taiwanese (Han Chinese) family with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hong-Zin; Pang, Cheng-Yoong; Chen, Shee-Ping; Tsai, Rong-Kung

    2012-12-01

    In this report, we describe a Taiwanese (Han Chinese) family with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy. The family carried a mitochondrial DNA mutation (mtDNA m.14484T>C) associated with spontaneous visual improvement. A 15-year-old boy from this family was diagnosed with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy 6 months after losing his vision. His vision recovered after 8 months of supportive treatment. His mother, older brother, and two sisters also had the same mutation and had previously experienced vision loss. In this family, there was no male predominance.

  6. Caso de estudio sobre apropiación de SCRUM en empresas que han adoptado CMMI

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Actualmente la industria de software local se enfrenta a una situación interesante: de una parte se evidencia un auge en la adopción de las prácticas ágiles, que buscan encontrar mejores formas de trabajo de los equipos de desarrollo de software y, de otra parte, algunas de estas industrias, ya han realizado proyectos de mejora de procesos utilizando CMMI como el modelo referente, e incluso algunas de estas compañías cuentan con valoraciones oficiales de madurez en niveles 2, 3 y superiores -...

  7. Adding a Capability to Extract Sentiment from Text Using HanDles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    Minister of National Defence, 2012 © Sa Majesté la Reine (en droit du Canada), telle que représentée par le ministre de la Défense nationale, 2012...HanDles afin qu’il fasse la distinction entre bonnes et mauvaises critiques de film. Nous avons exécuté ce scénario à trois reprises dans le but de...vérifier à quel point il parvient à classifier correctement les documents. Le premier essai portait sur des critiques de l’appareil Kindle d’Amazon

  8. Narrative Angle of Han Music Collection%汉乐府的叙事角度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈艺超

    2012-01-01

    The first-person and the third-person narrative angles are applied in the narrative poems in Han Music Collection. The different narrative angle produces the different aesthetic effect.%汉乐府叙事诗所采用的叙事角度多为第一人称及第三人称叙事视角,也有不少作品根据情节设置的需要转换视角,不同的叙事角度产生不同的审美效果。

  9. Shaping biomedical objects across history and philosophy:a conversation with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Sancho, Miguel; González-Silva, Matiana; Jesús Santesmases, María; Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg

    2014-01-01

    Historical epistemology, according to the historian of science Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, is a space through which "to take experimental laboratory work into the realm of philosophy". This key concept, together with the crucial events and challenges of his career, were discussed in a public conversation which took place on the occasion of Rheinberger's retirement. By making sense of natural phenomena in the laboratory, the act of experimenting shapes the object; it is this shaping which became the core of Rheinberger's own research across biology and philosophy into history. For his intellectual agenda, a history of the life sciences so constructed became "epistemologically demanding".

  10. Gardens and Gateways: Journeys within the Vision of Han-shan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Beidler

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Although rooted in the work of the T’ang poet Han-shan, this paper is ultimately about the ways in which writers and artists engage with what they experience in the world. The work of filmmaker Trin T Minh-Ha, poems by W.S. Merwin, Burtin Watson’s translations, and the thoughts on the creative process of translation by Tony Barnstone and Gary Snyder have all informed my work as an artist and the images I present here.

  11. Molecular analysis of RNF213 gene for moyamoya disease in the Chinese Han population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiyuan Wu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Moyamoya disease (MMD is an uncommon cerebrovascular disorder characterized by progressive occlusion of the internal carotid artery causing cerebral ischemia and hemorrhage. Genetic factors in the etiology and pathogenesis of MMD are being increasingly recognized. Previous studies have shown that the RNF213 gene was related to MMD susceptibility in the Japanese population. However, there is no large scale study of the association between this gene and MMD in the Chinese Han population. Thus we designed this case-control study to validate the R4810K mutation and to define the further spectrum of RNF213 mutations in Han Chinese. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Genotyping of the R4810K mutation in the RNF213 gene was performed in 170 MMD cases and 507 controls from a Chinese Han population. The R4810K mutation was identified in 22 of 170 MMD cases (13%, including 21 heterozygotes and a single familial homozygote. Two of the 507 controls (0.4% were heterozygous R4810K carriers. The R4810K mutation greatly increased the risk for MMD (OR = 36.7, 95% CI: 8.6~156.6, P = 6.1 E-15. The allele frequency of R4810K was significantly different between patients with ischemia and hemorrhage (OR = 5.4, 95% CI: 1.8~16.1, P = 0.001. Genomic sequencing covering RNF213 exon 40 to exon 68 also identified eight other non-R4810K variants; P4007R, Q4367L, A4399T, T4586P, L4631V, E4950D, A5021V and M5136I. Among them A4399T polymorphism was found in 28/170 cases (16.5% and 45/507 controls (8.9% and was associated with MMD (OR = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.2~3.3, P = 0.004, especially with hemorrhage (OR = 2.8, 95% CI: 1.2~6.5, P = 0.014. CONCLUSIONS: RNF213 mutations are associated with MMD susceptibility in Han Chinese. The ischemic type MMD is particularly related to the R4810K mutation. However, A4399T is also a susceptible variant for MMD, primarily associated with hemorrhage. Identification of novel variants in the RNF213 gene further highlights the genetic

  12. Correlation of HDEFB1 polymorphism and susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡瑞成; 徐永健; 张珍祥; 倪望; 陈士新

    2004-01-01

    Background Inherited factors are involved in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was designed to investigate the relationship between polymorphisms of HDEFB1 668 C/G and 1654G/A loci and susceptibility to COPD in Chinese Han population.Methods After the process of extracting genomic DNA from peripheral blood of COPD smokers and healthy smokers, the loci of genotypes 668C/G and 1654G/A were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Results With respect to HDEFB1 668 locus, the occurences of CC, CG, GG genotypes were 72.7%, 25.0%, 2.3% in COPD smokers and 53.2%, 38.3%, 8.5% in healthy smokers (P<0.05, respectively). The allele frequencies of 668 C and 668G were 85.2% and 14.8% in COPD smokers and 72.3% and 27.7% in healthy smokers (P<0.01, respectively, odds ratio was 2.32 with 95% confidence interval 1.37 to 3.72). As to HDEFB1 1654G/A locus, neither genotype distribution difference nor allele distribution difference was found when comparing COPD smokers with healthy smokers. Conclusion The polymorphism of HDEFB1 668C/G is associated with susceptibility to COPD in Chinese Han population; furthermore, the 668G allele represents relatively lower susceptibility to COPD.

  13. Polymorphism Profile of Nine Short Tandem Repeat Loci in the Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuangding Li; Chunxia Yan; Yajun Deng; Ruilin Wang; Jian Wang; Huanming Yang; Shengbin Li

    2003-01-01

    Nine short tandem repeat (STR) markers (D3S1358, VWA, FGA, THO1, TPOX,CSFIPO, D5S818, D13S317, and D7S820) and a sex-identification marker (Amel-ogenin locus) were amplified with multiplex PCR and were genotyped with afour-color fluorescence method in samples from 174 unrelated Han individuals inNorth China. The allele frequencies, genotype frequencies, heterozygosity, prob-ability of discrimination powers, probability of paternity exclusion and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations were determined. The results demonstratedthat the genotypes at all these STR loci in Han population conform to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations. The combined discrimination power (DP) was1.05 × 10-10 within nine STR loci analyzed and the probability of paternity exclusion(EPP) was 0.9998. The results indicate that these nine STR loci and the Amelo-genin locus are useful markers for human identification, paternity and maternitytesting and sex determination in forensic sciences.

  14. CHRNA5 polymorphisms and risk of lung cancer in Chinese Han smokers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chong-Ya; Xun, Xiao-Jie; Wang, A-Jing; Gao, Ya; Ma, Jing-Yuan; Chen, Yuan-Tang; Jin, Tian-Bo; Hou, Peng; Gu, Shan-Zhi

    2015-01-01

    Lung cancer is the most frequent cancer among men in many countries. It is the result of interactions between genetic and environmental factors, among which tobacco smoking is a key environmental factor. CHRNA5, Cholinergic Receptor, Neuronal Nicotinic, Alpha Polypeptide-5, was previously reported to be associated with lung cancer risk. To identify the genetic susceptibility and tobacco smoking that influence lung cancer risk in Han population, we performed a case-control study in 228 patients and 301 controls. These data were compared using the χ2-test, genetic model analysis, and haplotype analysis. rs495956, rs680244, rs601079, rs555018, 588765 and rs11637635 showed an increased risk of lung cancer in both allelic model and genetic mode analysis. The genotype G/A-A/A of rs11637635 was most strongly associated with a 2.17-fold increased risk of lung cancer in dominant model (p = 0.018). One SNP, rs684513, was associated with a 0.645-fold decreased risk (p = 0.033) in allelic model analysis. By haplotype association analysis, haplotype sequences CTTATCAAAGA and GA of CHRNA5 were found to be associated with a 2.03-fold and 1.91-fold increased lung cancer risk (p < 0.05). Our results, combined with those from previous studies, suggest that genetic variation in CHRNA5 may influence susceptibility to lung cancer among Han smokers. PMID:26693074

  15. [Studies of DNA polymorphism at D7S21 locus in Hebei Han population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cong, Bin; Chai, Yang-Cheng; Guo, Xiao-Qing; Peng, Yu-Cong; Yao, Yu-Xia; Wang, Jun-Xia; You, Hong-Yu

    2002-05-01

    To study the polymorphism at D7S21 locus in Hebei Han population, 124 unrelated individuals were detected rapidly by Minisatellite Variant Repeat-Polymerase Chain Reaction (MVR-PCR) and polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis followed by silver staining,and digital codes were obtained. About 36 digital codes were obtained from each individual. No two unrelated individuals shared the same codes. The probability of identity in 36 digital codes was 3.48 x 10(-18). The percentage of three repeat units, a-type, t-type and 0-type was 48.5%, 49.4% and 2.1% respectively. The heterozygosity (H), excluding probability of paternity (EPP)and polymorphism information content (PIC) were 0.9876, 0.9746 and 0.9872 respectively. The results suggested that D7S21 locus has highly polymorphism in Hebei Han population. The method-polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis followed by silver staining was simple,rapid and practical.

  16. White blood cells contribute to patient-specific warfarin dose for Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Jin; ZHENG Wen-jie; ZHANG Wei-juan; WANG He-yao; WANG Chen

    2012-01-01

    Background Warfarin is the most commonly prescribed anticoagulant worldwide.Factors which influence warfarin's inter-individual requirements including age,weight,and genetic factors explained about 50% of dose variance,and unidentified factors still remain.The aim of this study was to explore whether white blood cell count affects warfarin dose requirements.Methods Three hundred and twenty-two patients suffering from venous thromboembolism (VTE) and taking warfarin were recruited in this study.Genotyping of selected genes was conducted and other information was collected using the Epidata software.Dosing algorithms were constructed by multivariate linear regression analyses.Results In addition to well-known factors such as age,body weight,CYP2Cg*3,and VKORC1 c.1173C>T,white blood cell counts negatively related to warfarin dose requirements and contributed to warfarin variability in Han Chinese by about 0.6%.Conclusion White blood cell count has a small but significant contribution to warfarin dose requirements in Han Chinese.

  17. Genetic polymorphism and evolutionary differentiation of Eastern Chinese Han: a comprehensive and comparative analysis on KIRs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Caiyong; Hu, Li; Huang, Huijie; Yu, Yanfang; Li, Zheng; Ji, Qiang; Kong, Xiaochao; Wang, Zhongqun; Yan, Jinchuan; Yan, Jiangwei; Zhu, Bofeng; Chen, Feng

    2017-01-01

    Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes, namely KIRs, cluster together within the 160 kb genomic DNA region. In this study, we used PCR-SSP approach and successfully identified the genotype of 17 KIR genes in 123 independent healthy donors residing in the Jiangsu province, China. All individuals were positive at the 7 genes. The observed carrier gene frequencies (OFs) of remaining 10 KIRs ranged from 14.63% (KIR2DS3) to 95.93% (KIR3DL1). We found 27 distinct genotypes excluding KIR1D. The most frequent occurred in 63 individuals (51.22%). The linkage disequilibrium analysis signified 29 positive and 6 negative relations in 45 pairwise comparisons. To study population differentiation, we drew a Heatmap based on the data of KIRs from 59 populations and conducted Hierarchical Clustering by Euclidean distances. We next validated our results by estimating pairwise DA distances and illustrating a Neighbor-Joining tree, as well as a MDS plot covering 3 additional Chinese Han groups. The phylogenetic reconstruction and cluster analysis strongly indicated a genetically close relationship between Eastern and Jilin Hans. In conclusion, the present study provided a meritorious resource of KIR genotyping for population genetics, and could be helpful to uncover the genetic mechanism of KIRs in immune disease in the future. PMID:28205529

  18. Genetic polymorphism and evolutionary differentiation of Eastern Chinese Han: a comprehensive and comparative analysis on KIRs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Caiyong; Hu, Li; Huang, Huijie; Yu, Yanfang; Li, Zheng; Ji, Qiang; Kong, Xiaochao; Wang, Zhongqun; Yan, Jinchuan; Yan, Jiangwei; Zhu, Bofeng; Chen, Feng

    2017-02-16

    Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes, namely KIRs, cluster together within the 160 kb genomic DNA region. In this study, we used PCR-SSP approach and successfully identified the genotype of 17 KIR genes in 123 independent healthy donors residing in the Jiangsu province, China. All individuals were positive at the 7 genes. The observed carrier gene frequencies (OFs) of remaining 10 KIRs ranged from 14.63% (KIR2DS3) to 95.93% (KIR3DL1). We found 27 distinct genotypes excluding KIR1D. The most frequent occurred in 63 individuals (51.22%). The linkage disequilibrium analysis signified 29 positive and 6 negative relations in 45 pairwise comparisons. To study population differentiation, we drew a Heatmap based on the data of KIRs from 59 populations and conducted Hierarchical Clustering by Euclidean distances. We next validated our results by estimating pairwise DA distances and illustrating a Neighbor-Joining tree, as well as a MDS plot covering 3 additional Chinese Han groups. The phylogenetic reconstruction and cluster analysis strongly indicated a genetically close relationship between Eastern and Jilin Hans. In conclusion, the present study provided a meritorious resource of KIR genotyping for population genetics, and could be helpful to uncover the genetic mechanism of KIRs in immune disease in the future.

  19. Polymorphism of the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene in Han Chinese patients with psoriasis vulgaris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Gao

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Psoriasis vulgaris is defined by a series of linked cellular changes in the skin: hyperplasia of epidermal keratinocytes, vascular hyperplasia and ectasia, and infiltration of T lymphocytes, neutrophils and other types of leukocytes in the affected skin. Catechol-O-methyltransferase ( COMT 158 polymorphism can reduce the activity of the COMT enzyme that may trigger defective differentiation of keratinocytes in psoriasis. Immunocytes can degrade and inactivate catecholamines via monamine oxidase (MAO and COMT in the cells. We hypothesized that the COMT-158 G > A polymorphism was associated with the risk of psoriasis vulgaris in Han Chinese people. In a hospital-based case-control study, 524 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 549 psoriasis-free controls were studied. COMT-158 G > A polymorphism was genotyped using the PCR sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP technique. We found no statistically significant association between the COMT-158 allele A and the risk of psoriasis vulgaris (p = 0.739 adjusted OR = 1.03; 95% CI = 0.81-1.31. This suggests that the COMT-158 G > A polymorphism may not contribute to the etiology of psoriasis vulgaris in the Han Chinese population.

  20. Drought analysis using multi-scale standardized precipitation index in the Han River Basin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue-ping XU; Sheng-ji LIN; Yan HUANG; Qin-qing ZHANG; Qi-hua RAN

    2011-01-01

    Regional drought analysis provides useful information for sustainable water resources management. In this paper, a standardized precipitation index (SPI) at multiple time scales was used to investigate the spatial patterns and trends of drought in the Han River Basin, one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River, China. It was found that, in terms of drought severity, the upper basin of the Hart River is the least, while the growing trend is the most conspicuous; a less conspicuous growing trend can be observed in the middle basin; and there is an insignificant decreasing trend in the lower basin. Meanwhile, the impact of drought on the Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project was investigated, and it is suggested that water intake must be reduced in times of drought, particularly when successive or simultaneous droughts in the upper and middle basins of the Han River Basin occur. The results can provide substantial information for future water allocation schemes of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project.

  1. Histopathological Analysis of Liver During Pregnancy Toxemia in Small-tailed Han Sheep

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mingcheng WANG; Enzhong LI; Gailing WANG

    2014-01-01

    The present work aimed to investigate the microscopic and ultramicro-scopic structure of the liver to assess the level of hepatic impairment during preg-nancy toxemia. Seven pregnant smal-tailed Han sheep of negative urine ketone bodies were assessed in this study. Toxemia was induced by limiting food and movement late in pregnancy. Three sheep developed obvious clinical symptoms with motor weakness, depression, anorexia, locomotion disturbances, blindness and lan-guishment. We harvested their liver tissues as pathological material, and used rou-tine histological and electronic microscopy methods to observe the histopathological changes in smal-tailed Han sheep induced by pregnancy toxemia. Autopsy of the livers of the sheep revealed deep yel ow coloration, intumescence and hemorrhage on the surface. Microstructural features indicated fatty degeneration, which is a main characteristic of fatty liver. Hepatocel ular ultrastructural changes were observed un-der an electronic microscope. The characteristic findings were nucleolus concentra-tion, vacuolation of mitochondria and excessive glycogen granules in the cytoplasm. Via this experimental protocol, pregnancy toxemia of sheep was successful y in-duced, providing a pathological model for the study of this disease. After the experi-mental induction of pregnancy toxemia, the clinical symptoms of pathogenic sheep and pathological changes to their livers exhibited obvious characteristics of pregnan-cy toxemia.

  2. Age-dependent association of KIBRA gene polymorphism with Alzheimer's disease in Han Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui-Fu; Tan, Lan; Yu, Jin-Tai; Ma, Xiao-Ying; Liu, Qiu-Yan; Wang, Wei

    2013-12-01

    Genetic factors play an important role in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) development and memory impairment is a cardinal clinical feature of AD. Kidney and brain expressed protein (KIBRA), owing to its connection with human episodic memory, became an interesting candidate gene for AD. Recently, KIBRA (rs17070145) was reported to be associated with AD in the genetic and functional levels in Caucasian and African-American, and the association might be different across age groups. To investigate the possibility of age-dependent association of KIBRA with AD in Asian, we conducted an independent replication study in a cohort of 1,586 subjects from Han Chinese (including 790 LOAD patients and 796 healthy controls). The results revealed no significant differences in the distributions of genotype or allele between LOAD and control groups in the total sample. However, when these data were stratified by their age, we observed a significant difference in the genotypes and alleles frequencies (genotype: p = 0.004, allele: p = 0.035) in the young subgroup. Moreover, the association was further demonstrated in logistic regression analysis (rs17070145: p = 0.045, OR = 0.428). Our data suggested that KIBRA might associate with younger AD patients (≤74 years) in a Northern Han Chinese population.

  3. Medicinal use of earths and minerals from Hippocrates to Sir Hans Sloane and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retsas, Spyros

    2012-12-01

    In 1931 two pharmaceutical drawers containing mineral specimens, belonging to Sir Hans Sloane, the 18th century collector, Royal Physician, President of the Royal Society and of the Royal College of Physicians of London, were found in the Department of Botany of the Natural History Museum (NHM) of London. The drawers, each divided into 49 compartments, contained a total of 107 mineral pharmaceutical specimens, some labelled as mercury or white arsenic. Their registration, identification with the Sloane Manuscript Catalogues and subsequent transfer to the Mineralogy department of the NHM where one of these drawers is now on public display, had been documented by 1935. In antiquity therapeutic empiricism attributed medicinal properties to animal products, plants and minerals, including the soil of specific geographic locations. This communication traces the medicinal use of certain earths and minerals, listed in Sir Hans Sloane's manuscript catalogues, to classical antiquity with a reference to Arsenic compounds, which in our time are finding application in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukaemia and to Terra Lemnia, a celebrated antidote of repute spanning twenty centuries, also included in the Sloane collections.

  4. Dr. Hans Max Hirschfeld, man zonder moreel kompas? Over de ontsporing van beeldvorming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. de Bruin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Dr Hans Max Hirschfeld: A Man without a Moral Compass? On Dislodging PerceptionsEven though his father was Jewish, Hans Max Hirschfeld became one of the most prominent Dutch civil servants during the German Occupation of the Netherlands. In the interest of the Dutch population, Hirschfeld was supposed to co-operate with the German Reichskommissariat. However, various measures made him very unpopular with the government in exile and the resistance movement. In his well-read history of the Netherlands under Nazi rule, Dutch historian Loe de Jong portrayed Hirschfeld as the personification of the aloofness that was characteristic of many Dutch people with regard to the persecution of the Jews. De Jong characterized Hirschfeld as a typical ‘negotiator’, who had learned to shield his emotions regarding the fate of the Jews. In the past few years, two biographies on Hirschfeld have been published, in which De Jong’s characterizations play a major role. This article, based on research of De Jong’s records, claims that the characterizations were largely inventions of De Jong, rooted in images projected in the illegal press during the German Occupation.

  5. Relationship between genetic polymorphisms in the DRD5 gene and paranoid schizophrenia in northern Han Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Y; Ding, M; Pang, H; Xu, X M; Wang, B J

    2014-03-12

    Dopamine (DA) has been implicated in the pathophysiol-ogy of several psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. Thus, genes related to the dopaminergic (DAergic) system are good candidate genes for schizophrenia. One of receptors of the DA receptor system is dopa-mine receptor 5 (DRD5). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the regulatory regions of DRD5 gene may affect gene expression, influence biosynthesis of DA and underlie various neuropsychiatric disorders re-lated to DA dysfunction. The present study explored the association of SNPs within the DRD5 gene with paranoid schizophrenia in Han Chinese. A total of 176 patients with schizophrenia and 206 healthy controls were genotyped for four DRD5 SNPs (rs77434921, rs2076907, rs6283, and rs1800762). Significant group differences were observed in the allele and genotype frequencies of rs77434921 and rs1800762 and in the frequen-cies of GC haplotypes corresponding to rs77434921-rs1800762. Our find-ings suggest that common genetic variations of DRD5 are likely to con-tribute to genetic susceptibility to paranoid schizophrenia in Han Chinese. Further studies in larger samples are needed to replicate this association.

  6. [Genetic variability and phylogenetic analysis of 39 short tandem repeat loci in Beijing Han population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiuyan, Ruan; Weini, Wang; Yaran, Yang; Bingbing, Xie; Jing, Chen; Yacheng, Liu; Jiangwei, Yan

    2015-07-01

    In this study, we studied the genetic polymorphisms of short tandem repeat (STR) loci from 13 CODIS and 26 non-CODIS system in Beijing Han population for the first time, and established a database of 39 STR loci whose forensic parameters were further evaluated. Our results demonstrated no significant deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of 39 STR loci and no pairwise linkage disequilibrium between them. The power of discriminations, expected heterozygosity, polymorphic information content, and power of exclusion of 39 STR loci ranged from 0.7740-0.9818, 0.6000-0.9350, 0.5317-0.9047 and 0.2909-0.8673. The cumulated discrimination power and cumulative probability of exclusion were 0.999999999999999999999999999999999999999964971 and 0.999999999973878, respectively. Moreover, the genetic distance was calculated based on allele frequency and phylogenetic tree was built using STR loci data from Beijing Han and other 11 Chinese ethnic groups.This study provides important basic data for Chinese forensic DNA database and population genetics database, and has important significance in carrying out forensic individual identification, paternity testing, and population genetic study.

  7. Vitamin D receptor genetic polymorphisms and tuberculosis among Chinese Han ethnic group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Shang; LUO Peng-fei; LI Wei; TANG Wan-qin; CONG Xiao-na; WEI Ping-min

    2012-01-01

    Background In epidemiological studies,tuberculosis (TB) appears intimately with vitamin D insufficiency whereas its relationship with vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphism caused by radical difference remains unspecified.This study aimed to investigate the relationship between vitamin D genetic polymorphism and tuberculosis in Han ethnic group.Methods Meta-analysis was adopted in the synthetic quantitative analysis of documents home and abroad on the relationship between vitamin D genetic polymorphisms and tuberculosis,which were openly published during June 2000 to January 2010.Random effect model and fixed effect model analyses were used to calculate the incorporated odds ratio (OR) based on the heterogeneity test data.Results A total of 6 eligible studies were included in this analysis.The Fokl-ff genotype showed a significant marginal association (Fixed effect model:OR 1.91,95% CI 1.44-2.52; Random effect model:OR 1.91,95% CI 0.94-3.88),yet Taql polymorphisms was not significantly related to TB.Conclusion The interaction between FoKI genotype polymorphism and TB observed demonstrates that vitamin D deficiency might exist as a risk factor during the development of TB in Han ethnic group and more evidences needed to validate the conclusion.

  8. Hans Georg Trüper (1936–2016) and His Contributions to Halophile Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oren, Aharon

    2016-01-01

    Prof. Hans Georg Trüper, one of the most important scientists in the field of halophile research, passed away on 9 March 2016 at the age of 79. I here present a brief obituary with special emphasis on Prof. Trüper’s contributions to our understanding of the halophilic prokaryotes and their adaptations to life in hypersaline environments. He has pioneered the study of the halophilic anoxygenic phototrophic sulfur bacteria of the Ectothiorhodospira—Halorhodospira group. Some of the species he and his group isolated from hypersaline and haloalkaline environments have become model organisms for the study of the mechanisms of haloadaptation: the functions of three major organic compounds – glycine betaine, ectoine, and trehalose – known to serve as “compatible solutes” in halophilic members of the Bacteria domain, were discovered during studies of these anoxygenic phototrophs. Prof. Trüper’s studies of hypersaline alkaline environments in Egypt also led to the isolation of the first known extremely halophilic archaeon (Natronomonas pharaonis). The guest editors dedicate this special volume of Life to the memory of Prof. Hans Georg Trüper. PMID:27187481

  9. Angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism and middle cerebral artery stenosis in a Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunshu Rong; Yingqi Xing; Xinmei Jiang; Juan Wang; Baoshan Gao; Jianjun Zhao; Kangding Liu

    2013-01-01

    The angiotensin-converting enzyme gene is a candidate gene of stroke. The present study involved 62 healthy volunteers and 148 patients with middle cerebral artery stenosis as confirmed by brain color ultrasound from a Han population in North China, and determined the peripheral blood angiotensin-converting enzyme genotype using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The results showed that the frequencies of the DD genotype and D allele were increased in patients with middle cerebral artery stenosis, but the difference was not statistically significant compared with healthy controls. The findings of this study on the relationship between stroke genes and middle cerebral artery stenosis indicate no significant correlation between the frequencies of the DD genotype and D allele of angiotensin-converting enzyme and middle cerebral artery stenosis in this Han population from North China. In the future, studies will be carried out to investigate correlations between multiple stroke candidate gene synergy and middle cerebral artery stenosis to provide a foundation for the development of gene therapy.

  10. Correlation between IL-6 gene polymorphisms and sepsis of Chinese Han population in Henan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-xuan YANG

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the correlation between-572G/C and-174G/C polymorphism of IL-6 gene and sepsis of Chinese Han population in Henan province.Methods A population-based case-control study involving 99 patients with sepsis and 260 health volunteers(control was carried out.The-572C/G and-174G/C polymorphism of IL-6 gene was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment-length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP technique.Results The genotype frequencies of all 359 cases were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium(P>0.05.No polymorphism was found in-174 site(GG genotype only,while alleles G,C and genotypes GG,GC,CC were found in-572 site,and no significant difference of allele frequency existed between patients and controls.Unconditional logistic regression analysis showed-G572C polymorphism was related to sepsis,the susceptibility to sepsis of patients with GG genotype was significantly higher than that of patients with CC genotype(OR=2.411,95% CI=1.045-5.562,P=0.039 after age and gender correction.Conclusions The-G572C polymorphism of IL-6 gene associates with sepsis,and the GG is the risk genotype of sepsis.There maybe no polymorphism in-G174C of IL-6 gene of Chinese Han population in Henan province.

  11. Association of the LRRK2 genetic polymorphisms with leprosy in Han Chinese from Southwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, D; Xu, L; Lv, L; Su, L-Y; Fan, Y; Zhang, D-F; Bi, R; Yu, D; Zhang, W; Li, X-A; Li, Y-Y; Yao, Y-G

    2015-03-01

    Leprosy is a chronic infectious and neurological disease that is caused by infection of Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae). A recent genome-wide association study indicated a suggestive association of LRRK2 genetic variant rs1873613 with leprosy in Chinese population. To validate this association and further identify potential causal variants of LRRK2 with leprosy, we genotyped 13 LRRK2 variants in 548 leprosy patients and 1078 healthy individuals from Yunnan Province and (re-)analyzed 3225 Han Chinese across China. Variants rs1427267, rs3761863, rs1873613, rs732374 and rs7298930 were significantly associated with leprosy per se and/or paucibacillary leprosy (PB). Haplotype A-G-A-C-A was significantly associated with leprosy per se (P=0.018) and PB (P=0.020). Overexpression of the protective allele (Thr2397) of rs3761863 in HEK293 cells led to a significantly increased nuclear factor of activated T-cells' activity compared with allele Met2397 after lipopolysaccharides stimulation. Allele Thr2397 could attenuate 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine-induced autophagic activity in U251 cells. These data suggest that the protective effect of LRRK2 variant p.M2397T on leprosy might be mediated by increasing immune response and decreasing neurotoxicity after M. leprae loading. Our findings confirm that LRRK2 is a susceptible gene to leprosy in Han Chinese population.

  12. Genetic association between NRG1 and schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder in Han Chinese population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Zujia; Chen, Jianhua; Khan, Raja Amjad Waheed; Song, Zhijian; Wang, Meng; Li, Zhiqiang; Shen, Jiawei; Li, Wenjin; Shi, Yongyong

    2016-04-01

    Schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder are three major psychiatric disorders affecting around 0.66%, 3.3%, and 1.5% of the Han Chinese population respectively. Several genetic linkage analyses and genome wide association studies identified NRG1 as a susceptibility gene of schizophrenia, which was validated by its role in neurodevelopment, glutamate, and other neurotransmitter receptor expression regulation. To further investigate whether NRG1 is a shared risk gene for major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder as well as schizophrenia, we performed an association study among 1,248 schizophrenia cases, 1,056 major depression cases, 1,344 bipolar disorder cases, and 1,248 controls. Totally 15 tag SNPs were genotyped and analyzed, and no population stratification was found in our sample set. Among the sites, rs4236710 (corrected Pgenotye  = 0.015) and rs4512342 (Pallele  = 0.03, Pgenotye  = 0.045 after correction) were associated with schizophrenia, and rs2919375 (corrected Pgenotye  = 0.004) was associated with major depressive disorder. The haplotype rs4512342-rs6982890 showed association with schizophrenia (P = 0.03 for haplotype "TC" after correction), and haplotype rs4531002-rs11989919 proved to be a shared risk factor for both major depressive disorder ("CC": corrected P = 0.009) and bipolar disorder ("CT": corrected P = 0.003). Our results confirmed that NRG1 was a shared common susceptibility gene for major mental disorders in Han Chinese population.

  13. Association of polymorphisms in the DCDC2 gene with developmental dyslexia in the Han Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZUO Peng-xiang; WU Han-rong; LI Zeng-chun; CAO Xu-dong; PANG Li-juan; YANG Lan; LIU Fan; ZHAO Feng

    2012-01-01

    Background Genetic association studies on populations of European origin have identified the DCDC2 gene as a susceptibility locus for developmental dyslexia.Here,we sought to investigate the association of DCDC2 polymorphisms with developmental dyslexia in children of Han Chinese origin.Methods We undertook a case-control genetic association study on 76 dyslexic children and 79 non-dyslexic matched controls.We isolated DNA from oral mucosal cell samples and genotyped two DCDC2 coding-sequence single nucleotide polymorphisms,rs2274305 and rs6456593,in each sample using SNaPshot single nucleotide extension.We compared the allele and genotype frequencies between the groups using the X2 test and analyzed the relationship between dyslexia and the polymorphism at both loci using unconditional logistic regression.We also predicted haplotypes and compared their frequencies between the two groups.Results The differences in the genotype distribution and the allelic genes of the two single nucleotide luci of the DCDC2 gene,rs2274305 and rs6456593,between the two dyslexic and non-dyslexic groups were statistically meaningless (P >0.05).The differences in the haplotype distributions of the DCDC2 gene between the dyslexic and normal group were statistically meaningless (P >0.05).Conclusion The DCDC2 gene may not be a susceptibility factor for developmental dyslexia among the Han Chinese.However,methodological issues may have prevented the detection of oositive associations.

  14. [Hans Gross and the beginning of criminology on a scientific basis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachhiesl, Christian

    2007-01-01

    Modern criminology--if one wants to consider it a separate scientific discipline at all--is usually perceived as being mainly influenced by the methods of natural sciences supplemented by components from the field of psychology, which, at least in some of its conceptions, tends to define itself as a natural science, too. If we take a look at the history of science, we will see development of criminology in this direction was not necessarily inevitable. The scientific work of the Austrian Hans Gross (1847-1915), one of the founding fathers of scientific criminology, serves as an example of the way how natural sciences and their exact methods became established in the methodological apparatus of modern criminology, although in praxi his claim for the application of exact methods was all too often replaced by irrational and intuitive ways of working. Still, Hans Gross' fundamental decision for the exact methods derived from the natural sciences is an important step towards a criminology that can be understood as a part of natural sciences, largely superseding the methods of cultural sciences and anthropological philosophy. This approach made the (criminal) human being an object of measurement and can result in the concept of man as a mere phenomenon of quantity. This is, on the one hand, ethically questionable; on the other hand, it made modern criminology more efficient and successful.

  15. Association between Polymorphism of Interleukin-23 Receptor and Hashimoto's Thyroiditis in Chinese Han Population of Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-Hua Li; Jie Han; Yu-Fei Wang; Jun Dai; Hui Zhang; Chun-Xia Li; Qun Ma

    2015-01-01

    Objective:The interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) has been shown to be associated with autoimmune diseases in many different populations.This study aimed to investigate the association between IL-23R gene polymorphism and susceptibility to Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) in Chinese Han population of Shandong.Methods:A case-control cohort study was performed in 145 HT patients from First People's Hospital of Jining between February 2010 to October 2013 and 150 healthy controls.Two single nucleotide polymorphisms located in the promoter region ofIL-23R gene (rs 17375018 and rs7517847) were examined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was performed using the Chi-square test.Genotype frequencies were estimated by direct counting,and allele and genotype frequencies between patients and controls were analyzed by the Chi-square test.Results:The rs 17375018 GG genotype and the G allele were significantly increased in HT patients compared with healthy controls (P =0.034 and P =0.013,respectively).No association was identified between HT patients and healthy controls in rs7517847.Conclusion:The study demonstrated that polymorphism of IL-23R gene rs17375018 is highly associated with HT in Chinese Han population of Shandong,suggesting that IL-23R gene polymorphism (rs 17375018 G) may play a critical role in susceptibility to HT.

  16. Chromatin remodeling gene EZH2 involved in the genetic etiology of autism in Chinese Han population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jun; You, Yang; Yue, Weihua; Yu, Hao; Lu, Tianlan; Wu, Zhiliu; Jia, Meixiang; Ruan, Yanyan; Liu, Jing; Zhang, Dai; Wang, Lifang

    2016-01-01

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of severe neurodevelopmental disorders. Epigenetic factors play a critical role in the etiology of ASD. Enhancer of zest homolog 2 (EZH2), which encodes a histone methyltransferase, plays an important role in the process of chromatin remodeling during neurodevelopment. Further, EZH2 is located in chromosome 7q35-36, which is one of the linkage regions for autism. However, the genetic relationship between autism and EZH2 remains unclear. To investigate the association between EZH2 and autism in Chinese Han population, we performed a family-based association study between autism and three tagged single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that covered 95.4% of the whole region of EZH2. In the discovery cohort of 239 trios, two SNPs (rs740949 and rs6464926) showed a significant association with autism. To decrease false positive results, we expanded the sample size to 427 trios. A SNP (rs6464926) was significantly associated with autism even after Bonferroni correction (p=0.008). Haplotype G-T (rs740949 and rs6464926) was a risk factor for autism (Z=2.655, p=0.008, Global p=0.024). In silico function prediction for SNPs indicated that these two SNPs might be regulatory SNPs. Expression pattern of EZH2 showed that it is highly expressed in human embryonic brains. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that EZH2 might contribute to the genetic etiology of autism in Chinese Han population.

  17. Genetic polymorphisms in ALDH2 are associated with drug addiction in a Chinese Han population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chan; Ding, Heng; Cheng, Yujing; Chen, Wanlu; Li, Qi; Li, Qing; Dai, Run; Luo, Manlin

    2017-01-31

    We investigated the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ALDH2, which has been associated with alcohol dependence and several types of diseases, and the risk of drug addiction in a Chinese Han population. In a case-control study that included 692 cases and 700 healthy controls, eight SNPs in ALDH2 were selected and genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using unconditional logistic regression after adjusting for age and gender. We determined that rs671 is significantly associated with a 1.551-fold increased drug addiction risk (95% CI = 1.263-1.903; p drug addiction under additive, dominant and recessive models (p drug addiction risk under additive and recessive model, respectively (p drug addiction risk (OR = 1.668; 95% CI, 1.328-2.094, p drug addiction risk (OR = 0.444; 95% CI, 0.281-0.704, p drug addiction in the Chinese Han population.

  18. 汉代的集市贸易%A Study on the Han Dynasty Market Trade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭俊然

    2014-01-01

    The Han Dynasty market was a very prosperous integrated market which consisted with va-rious specialized markets ,like horse market ,book market ,wine market ,and so on .These markets were stared spontaneously ,while on the contrary ,the city markets were always under the construction planning with column and square shape .Both of these two were reflected on the prosperous market development of the Han Dynasty .It also reflected the idea of physiocracy about the trade .%汉代集市贸易繁荣,有马市、书市、酒市等专业性的市场。这些集市多自发形成,城市集市则多经人为规划建设。城市集市都是方形,市列纵横。这反映了汉代集市贸易的繁荣和汉代“重农抑商”理念对贸易的阻碍。

  19. Hans Georg Trüper (1936–2016 and His Contributions to Halophile Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aharon Oren

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Prof. Hans Georg Trüper, one of the most important scientists in the field of halophile research, passed away on 9 March 2016 at the age of 79. I here present a brief obituary with special emphasis on Prof. Trüper’s contributions to our understanding of the halophilic prokaryotes and their adaptations to life in hypersaline environments. He has pioneered the study of the halophilic anoxygenic phototrophic sulfur bacteria of the Ectothiorhodospira—Halorhodospira group. Some of the species he and his group isolated from hypersaline and haloalkaline environments have become model organisms for the study of the mechanisms of haloadaptation: the functions of three major organic compounds – glycine betaine, ectoine, and trehalose – known to serve as “compatible solutes” in halophilic members of the Bacteria domain, were discovered during studies of these anoxygenic phototrophs. Prof. Trüper’s studies of hypersaline alkaline environments in Egypt also led to the isolation of the first known extremely halophilic archaeon (Natronomonas pharaonis. The guest editors dedicate this special volume of Life to the memory of Prof. Hans Georg Trüper.

  20. Association of NFATc1 gene polymorphism with ventricular septal defect in the Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Lei; LI Zhong-zhi; SHEN A-dong; LIU Hui; BAI Song; GUO Jian; YUAN Feng

    2013-01-01

    Background Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a diverse group of diseases determined by genetic and environmental factors.Considerable research has been done on genes associated with the development of the heart.Recently,focus is on the role of transcription factor NFATc1 in the development of proper valve and septa.As part of a larger study,high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) scanning was used to explore the relationship between NFATc1 gene polymorphism and susceptibility to ventricular septal defect (VSD) in the Chinese Han population.Methods One hundred and ninety-two pediatric patients with congenital VSD and 192 matching healthy control subjects were studied.The haplotype reconstructions were calculated by PHASE2.0 software.Haploview software was used to perform linkage disequilibrium assessment and define haplotype blocks.The algorithm used for defining the blocks was the confidence interval method.Results The NFATc1 gene region can be divided into 11 haplotype blocks.Strong linkage disequilibrium existed within blocks 6,8,9,and 11.Three SNPs (rs7240256,rs11665469,and rs754505) within the NFATc1 gene had significant correlation with VSD by single marker association analysis.In addition,two haplotypes correlated with VSD.Conclusions NFATc1 is associated with the occurrence of VSD and it may be a predisposing gene to CHD in Han Chinese.This finding has set a direction for further genetic and functional studies.

  1. Association between fifteen risk factors and progressing ischemic stroke in the Han population of northeast China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Shan-shan; TENG Da; YOU Ding-yun; SU Zhi-qiang; LI Fang; ZHAO Ji-yang

    2010-01-01

    Background The mortality and disability associated with progressing ischemic stroke are much higher than general ischemic stroke. This study was conducted to determine the risk factors for progressing ischemic stroke in the Han population of northeast China.Methods A total of 2511 patients with ischemic stroke within 24 hours admitted to Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were studied, from November 2007 to May 2009. All of the patients were classified into the progressing or non-progressing group according to the scores of the Scandinavian Neurological Stroke Scale. Fifteen putative risk factors were evaluated. The influence of risk factors for progressing ischemic stroke was analyzed with the simple Logistic analysis, the multiple Logistic analysis, and the stepwise Logistic regression model. All the statistical analysis was performed by SAS 9.1.Results Totally 359 (14.3%) patients met the criteria for progressing ischemic stroke. The Logistic analysis showed that age, family stroke history, smoking history, hypertension on admission, a drop in blood pressure after admission to the hospital, high serum glucose on admission, and fever were related to progressing ischemic stroke in the Han population of northeast China.Conclusion People of the ischemic stroke with these factors are more likely to develop progressing ischemic stroke.

  2. The Life and Works of Han Shin Gwang : a Midwife and Nurse of Korean Modern Times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YI Ggodme

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Han Shin Gwang, born in an early Christian family in Korea in 1902, could get western education different from the ordinary Korean girls in that period. She participated in the 1919 Samil Independence Movement in her teens, and got nursing and midwifery education in a missionary hospital. She got a midwife license and worked as a member in an early mother-and-child health center. She organized 'Korean Nurses' Association' in 1924 and focused on public health movement as the chairwoman. She actively participated in women's movement organizations, and Gwangjoo Student's Movement. She was known to be a representative of leading working women, and wrote articles on woman's right, the needs and works of nurses and midwives. From late Japanese colonial period, she opened her own clinic and devoted herself to midwifery. After the Korean Liberation in 1945, she began political movement and went in for a senate election. During the Korean War, she founded a shelter for mothers and children in help. After the War, she reopened a midwifery clinic and devoted to the works of Korean Midwives' Association. Han Shin Gwang's life and works belong to the first generation of Korean working women in modern times. She actively participated in women's movement, nurses' and midwives professional movement, Korea liberation movement, and mother-and-child health movement for 60 years. Her life is truly exemplary as one of the first generation of working women in modern Korea, distinguished of devotion and calling.

  3. Association of a miRNA-137 Polymorphism with Schizophrenia in a Southern Chinese Han Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guoda Ma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Both genome wide association study (GWAS and biochemical studies of Caucasian populations indicate a robust association between the miR-137 genetic variant rs1625579 and schizophrenia, but inconsistent results have been reported. To assay the association between this variant and schizophrenia, we genotyped 611 schizophrenic patients from Southern Chinese Han population for the risk single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP rs1625579 using the SNaPshot technique and compared the clinical profiles of different genotypes. Additionally, a meta-analysis was performed using the combined sample groups from five case-control publications and the present study. Both the genotype and allele distributions of the rs1625579 SNP were significantly different between patients and controls (P=0.036 and 0.026, SNP. TT genotype carriers showed slightly lower Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia- (BACS- derived working memory performance than G carriers (15.58 ± 9.56 versus 19.71 ± 8.18, P=0.045. In the meta-analysis, we observed a significant association between rs1625579 and schizophrenia under different genetic models (all P<0.05. The results of our study and meta-analysis provide convincing evidence that rs1625579 is significantly associated with schizophrenia. Furthermore, the miR-137 polymorphism influences the working memory performance of schizophrenic patients in a Chinese Han population.

  4. Association between RTEL1 gene polymorphisms and COPD susceptibility in a Chinese Han population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yipeng; Xu, Heping; Yao, Jinjian; Xu, Dongchuan; He, Ping; Yi, Shengyang; Li, Quanni; Liu, Yuanshui; Wu, Cibing; Tian, Zhongjie

    2017-01-01

    Objective We investigated the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in regulation of telomere elongation helicase 1 (RTEL1), which has been associated with telomere length in several brain cancers and age-related diseases, and the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a Chinese Han population. Methods In a case–control study that included 279 COPD cases and 290 healthy controls, five single-nucleotide polymorphisms in RTEL1 were selected and genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using unconditional logistic regression after adjusting for age and gender. Results In the genotype model analysis, we determined that rs4809324 polymorphism had a decreased effect on the risk of COPD (CC versus TT: OR =0.28; 95% CI =0.10–0.82; P=0.02). In the genetic model analysis, we found that the “C/C” genotype of rs4809324 was associated with a decreased risk of COPD based on the codominant model (OR =0.33; 95% CI =0.13–0.86; P=0.022) and recessive model (OR =0.32; 95% CI =0.12–0.80; P=0.009). Conclusion Our data shed new light on the association between genetic polymorphisms of RTEL1 and COPD susceptibility in the Chinese Han population.

  5. HLA-A gene polymorphisms contribute to osteoporosis susceptibility in postmenopausal Han Chinese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, S M; Guo, H; Yang, H J; Lv, M Q; Zhou, D X

    2015-08-28

    Osteoporosis is a common disease characterized by low bone mineral density, deterioration in bone microarchitecture, and increased fracture risk and is more prevalent in postmenopausal women. HLA is a complex gene family; previous studies have shown that it plays an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis among Japanese and Greek populations. Prompted by these findings, this study was designed to explore the associations between HLA-A gene polymorphisms and postmenopausal osteoporosis in the Han Chinese population. The polymerase chain reaction-sequence-based typing method was used for DNA genotyping at the HLA-A locus in 70 patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis and 73 healthy controls. We identified 17 HLA-A alleles in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis and 20 HLA-A alleles in control subjects. Furthermore, we found that the frequency of the HLA-A* 02:07 allele was significantly higher in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis than in control subjects (P = 0.023), and the relative risk was 4.065 (95% confidence interval = 1.109-14.893). Our study provides supportive evidence for the contribution of HLA-A gene polymorphisms to the susceptibility to postmenopausal osteoporosis and suggests that HLA-A* 02:07 is likely an important genetic risk factor for postmenopausal osteoporosis in the Han Chinese population.

  6. Associations between polymorphisms of HLA-B gene and postmenopausal osteoporosis in Chinese Han population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, S-M; Zhou, D-X; Liu, M-Y

    2014-08-01

    Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease, which is more prevalent in postmenopausal women. Osteoporosis likely develops beginning with genetic risk. This study explored the relationships between polymorphisms of HLA-B gene and postmenopausal osteoporosis in a Chinese Han population. Polymerase chain reaction sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) method was used for DNA typing at HLA-B locus in 70 patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis and 73 healthy controls in female Han population of Shaanxi Province, situated in north-western China. We found that 40 HLA-B alleles in postmenopausal osteoporosis patients and control subjects, respectively. Furthermore, the frequency of HLA-B* 3501 allele was significantly higher in postmenopausal osteoporosis patients than in the control group (P = 0.033), and the relative risk was 7.632 (95% CI: 0.927-62.850). Our results suggest that HLA-B* 3501 was likely an important risk factor for postmenopausal osteoporosis. As different populations have different HLA polymorphisms, further investigation of the relationship of various HLA genes and osteoporosis with larger sample size is still necessary in the future.

  7. MAPT as a predisposing gene for sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu Fang; Wenyuan Xu; Chengsi Wu; Min Zhu; Xiaobing Li; Daojun Hong

    2013-01-01

    A previous study of European Caucasian patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis demonstrated that a polymorphism in the microtubule-associated protein Tau (MAPT) gene was significantly associated with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis pathogenesis. Here, we tested this association in 107 sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients and 100 healthy controls from the Chinese Han population. We screened the mutation-susceptible regions of MAPT-the 3′and 5′untranslated regions as wel as introns 9, 10, 11, and 12-by direct sequencing, and identified 33 genetic variations. Two of these, 105788 A>G in intron 9 and 123972 T>A in intron 11, were not present in the control group. The age of onset in patients with the 105788 A>G and/or the 123972 T>A variant was younger than that in patients without either genetic variation. Moreover, the pa-tients with a genetic variation were more prone to bulbar palsy and breathing difficulties than those with the wild-type genotype. This led to a shorter survival period in patients with a MAPT genetic variant. Our study suggests that the MAPT gene is a potential risk gene for sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Chinese Han population.

  8. Bronzino and a Bronze Boar. Hans Christian Andersen and Stendhal in Nineteenth-Century Florence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bram de Klerck

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Bronzino e il porcellino: Hans Christian Andersen e Stendhal nella Firenze del XIX secoloLa storia dell’arte dell’Ottocento non sembra aver avuto particolarmente a cuore gli artisti italiani delle generazioni successive ai grandi maestri rinascimentali, quali Raffaello e Michelangelo. Così, ad esempio, lo stile delle opere del pittore fiorentino Agnolo Bronzino (1503-1572 veniva giudicato con termini alquanto ostici come ‘vuoto’, ‘offensivo’, o come il risultato di ‘pedanteria anatomica’. Autori con meno preoccupazioni determinate dalla storia dell'arte lasciano tuttavia intravedere di aver apprezzato altre caratteristiche di questi artisti. Almeno gli scritti di un poeta ed un romanziere, ambedue grandi amatori dell’Italia e di firenze, rivelano una valutazione sorprendentemente diversa di un’importante opera del pittore, la sua Discesa di Cristo al Limbo del 1552. Si tratta di Hans Christian Andersen e di Stendhal. Questo contributo alla ricezione dello stile ‘manierista’ del quadro sulla Discesa al Limbo del Bronzino prende in esame sia la critica d’arte del XIX secolo che il modo con cui l’opera è stata trattata dall’immaginazione letteraria, così come risulta dal racconto di Andersen intitolato Il porcellino di bronzo e dal resoconto originale delle esperienze di Stendhal a Firenze, considerate poi come i sintomi della ‘sindrome’ che porta il suo nome.

  9. Impact of strabismus on the quality of life of Chinese Han teenagers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tu CS

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Changsen Tu, Liang Ye, Longfei Jiang, Yuwen Wang, Yingzi Li The Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, People’s Republic of China Background: Although much research has been conducted on the impact of strabismus on the quality of life (QoL of adults, the effect of this condition on teenagers has not been extensively studied. This study therefore aimed to assess the effect of strabismus on the vision-related QoL of Chinese teenagers.Methods: The Chinese version of the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25 was self-administered by 1,040 teenagers with strabismus and 1,002 individuals with normal vision. All the participants were from the Chinese Han population. The independent samples t-test was used to compare QoL between teenagers with and without strabismus.Results: The majority of scores on the NEI-VFQ-25 domains were significantly different between the two groups. QoL was significantly lower in individuals with strabismus compared with teenagers with normal vision on all domains, with the exception of social functioning.Conclusion: Statistically significantly lower vision-related QoL scores were found in Chinese Han teenagers with strabismus compared with those without strabismus. Keywords: quality of life, strabismus, NEI-VFQ-25, teenager, HRQoL

  10. Hans Ballmer : la poesía y el movimiento de la aniquilación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanza Nieto Yusta

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En la producción artística de Hans Bellmer confluyen factores que se inscriben tanto en el ámbito de la creación artística como en el mundo especulativo. Es en este sentido cómo pueden entenderse sus famosas poupées, objetos poéticos y científicos a través de los cuales es posible desgranar aquellos temas que obsesionaron al artista desde su más temprana juventud y que engloban desde los temores inocentes y los juegos de la primera infancia hasta la posterior exploración de la aniquilación a través del veneno, la sexualidad y el movimiento.The artistic production of the surrealist Hans Bellmer shows the importance of two elements, opposed in appearance: Poetry and Science. Is in this sense how his lifesize dolls can be considered, as poetic and scientific objects where it is possible to find the subjects that turned into obsessions since his most early childhood: games, science mechanisms, poison, sexuality, movement and death.

  11. 50 Years of Bong-Han Theory and 10 Years of Primo Vascular System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwang-Sup Soh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The primo vascular system (PVS was first introduced by Bong-Han Kim via his five research reports. Among these the third report was most extensive and conclusive in terms of the PVS anatomy and physiology relating to the acupuncture meridians. His study results, unfortunately, were not reproduced by other scientists because he did not describe the materials and methods in detail. In 2002, a research team in Seoul National University reinitiated the PVS research, confirmed the existence of PVS in various organs, and discovered new characteristics of PVS. Two important examples are as follows: PVS was found in the adipose tissue and around cancer tissues. In parallel to these new findings, new methods for observing and identifying PVS were developed. Studies on the cell and material content inside the PVS, including the immune function cells and stem cells, are being progressed. In this review, Bong-Han Kim’s study results in his third report are summarized, and the new results after him are briefly reviewed. In the last section, the obstacles in finding the PVS in the skin as an anatomical structure of acupuncture meridian are discussed.

  12. 50 years of bong-han theory and 10 years of primo vascular system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soh, Kwang-Sup; Kang, Kyung A; Ryu, Yeon Hee

    2013-01-01

    The primo vascular system (PVS) was first introduced by Bong-Han Kim via his five research reports. Among these the third report was most extensive and conclusive in terms of the PVS anatomy and physiology relating to the acupuncture meridians. His study results, unfortunately, were not reproduced by other scientists because he did not describe the materials and methods in detail. In 2002, a research team in Seoul National University reinitiated the PVS research, confirmed the existence of PVS in various organs, and discovered new characteristics of PVS. Two important examples are as follows: PVS was found in the adipose tissue and around cancer tissues. In parallel to these new findings, new methods for observing and identifying PVS were developed. Studies on the cell and material content inside the PVS, including the immune function cells and stem cells, are being progressed. In this review, Bong-Han Kim's study results in his third report are summarized, and the new results after him are briefly reviewed. In the last section, the obstacles in finding the PVS in the skin as an anatomical structure of acupuncture meridian are discussed.

  13. Ancient DNA reveals that the genetic structure of the northern Han Chinese was shaped prior to 3,000 years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yong-Bin; Zhang, Ye; Zhang, Quan-Chao; Li, Hong-Jie; Cui, Ying-Qiu; Xu, Zhi; Jin, Li; Zhou, Hui; Zhu, Hong

    2015-01-01

    The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group in the world, and their origins, development, and expansion are complex. Many genetic studies have shown that Han Chinese can be divided into two distinct groups: northern Han Chinese and southern Han Chinese. The genetic history of the southern Han Chinese has been well studied. However, the genetic history of the northern Han Chinese is still obscure. In order to gain insight into the genetic history of the northern Han Chinese, 89 human remains were sampled from the Hengbei site which is located in the Central Plain and dates back to a key transitional period during the rise of the Han Chinese (approximately 3,000 years ago). We used 64 authentic mtDNA data obtained in this study, 27 Y chromosome SNP data profiles from previously studied Hengbei samples, and genetic datasets of the current Chinese populations and two ancient northern Chinese populations to analyze the relationship between the ancient people of Hengbei and present-day northern Han Chinese. We used a wide range of population genetic analyses, including principal component analyses, shared mtDNA haplotype analyses, and geographic mapping of maternal genetic distances. The results show that the ancient people of Hengbei bore a strong genetic resemblance to present-day northern Han Chinese and were genetically distinct from other present-day Chinese populations and two ancient populations. These findings suggest that the genetic structure of northern Han Chinese was already shaped 3,000 years ago in the Central Plain area.

  14. 韩氏穴位神经刺激仪对妊娠晚期下腰痛的影响%THE EFFECT OF HANS ACUPOINT NERVE TIMULATOR ( HANS ) ON THE LOW BACK PAIN IN LATE PREGNANCY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟业; 王爱群; 张立贤

    2011-01-01

    目的:评估韩氏穴位神经刺激仪(HANS)对妊娠晚期下腰痛的疗效及安全性.方法:95例妊娠晚期下腰痛孕妇随机分入HANS组(n=46)和对照组(n=49).HANS组给予每周一次的HANS治疗,持续6周;对照组未予治疗.采用视觉模拟评分(VAS)评估孕妇下腰痛程度.记录HANS治疗即时反应、孕妇早产率、新生儿情况和分娩方式.结果:对照组孕妇下腰痛有加重趋势.HANS组孕妇下腰痛程度比治疗前好转,较对照组也显著减轻(P<0.05),未发现严重不良反应.两组孕妇早产率、新生儿情况、分娩方式差异无显著性意义(P>0.05).结论:HANS可安全用于孕妇并减轻妊娠晚期下腰痛.%Objective: To evaluate the analgesic effect and safety of HANS for low back pain during the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: 95 women in late pregnancy with low back pain were randomized into HANS group (n = 46) and control group (n = 49). HANS group has HANS treatment once a week for 6 weeks and control group without treatment. Self-reported pain intensity was assessed on a visual analog scale (VAS). Immediate events of HANS treatment, incidence of preterm delivery, neonatal outcome and mode of delivery were also recorded. Results: The intensity after low back pain in control group increased as pregnancy advanced. HANS group showed reduction in the intensity of low back pain after treatment, and were less than that in control group (P < 0.05). No serious adverse effects were found in HANS group. There was no difference on data of the neonatal outcome, incidence of preterm delivery and mode of delivery between the two groups. Conclusion: HANS can be safely used and reduced the intensity of low back pain in late pregnancy.

  15. BFH-OST, a new predictive screening tool for identifying osteoporosis in postmenopausal Han Chinese women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Z

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Zhao Ma, Yong Yang,* JiSheng Lin, XiaoDong Zhang, Qian Meng, BingQiang Wang, Qi Fei* Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: To develop a simple new clinical screening tool to identify primary osteoporosis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA in postmenopausal women and to compare its validity with the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA in a Han Chinese population.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, enrolling 1,721 community-dwelling postmenopausal Han Chinese women. All the subjects completed a structured questionnaire and had their bone mineral density measured using DXA. Using logistic regression analysis, we assessed the ability of numerous potential risk factors examined in the questionnaire to identify women with osteoporosis. Based on this analysis, we build a new predictive model, the Beijing Friendship Hospital Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool (BFH-OST. Receiver operating characteristic curves were generated to compare the validity of the new model and OSTA in identifying postmenopausal women at increased risk of primary osteoporosis as defined according to the World Health Organization criteria.Results: At screening, it was found that of the 1,721 subjects with DXA, 22.66% had osteoporosis and a further 47.36% had osteopenia. Of the items screened in the questionnaire, it was found that age, weight, height, body mass index, personal history of fracture after the age of 45 years, history of fragility fracture in either parent, current smoking, and consumption of three of more alcoholic drinks per day were all predictive of osteoporosis. However, age at menarche and menopause, years since menopause, and number of pregnancies and live births were irrelevant in this study. The logistic regression analysis and item reduction yielded a final tool (BFH-OST based on age

  16. BFH-OST, a new predictive screening tool for identifying osteoporosis in postmenopausal Han Chinese women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Zhao; Yang, Yong; Lin, JiSheng; Zhang, XiaoDong; Meng, Qian; Wang, BingQiang; Fei, Qi

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To develop a simple new clinical screening tool to identify primary osteoporosis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in postmenopausal women and to compare its validity with the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) in a Han Chinese population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted, enrolling 1,721 community-dwelling postmenopausal Han Chinese women. All the subjects completed a structured questionnaire and had their bone mineral density measured using DXA. Using logistic regression analysis, we assessed the ability of numerous potential risk factors examined in the questionnaire to identify women with osteoporosis. Based on this analysis, we build a new predictive model, the Beijing Friendship Hospital Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool (BFH-OST). Receiver operating characteristic curves were generated to compare the validity of the new model and OSTA in identifying postmenopausal women at increased risk of primary osteoporosis as defined according to the World Health Organization criteria. Results At screening, it was found that of the 1,721 subjects with DXA, 22.66% had osteoporosis and a further 47.36% had osteopenia. Of the items screened in the questionnaire, it was found that age, weight, height, body mass index, personal history of fracture after the age of 45 years, history of fragility fracture in either parent, current smoking, and consumption of three of more alcoholic drinks per day were all predictive of osteoporosis. However, age at menarche and menopause, years since menopause, and number of pregnancies and live births were irrelevant in this study. The logistic regression analysis and item reduction yielded a final tool (BFH-OST) based on age, body weight, height, and history of fracture after the age of 45 years. The BFH-OST index (cutoff =9.1), which performed better than OSTA, had a sensitivity of 73.6% and a specificity of 72.7% for identifying osteoporosis, with an area under the receiver operating

  17. Modernidad y humanismo civil: debates y perspectivas en torno a la tesis de Hans Baron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sverlij, Mariana

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen En 1952, Hans Baron concluye su obra más importante: The Crisis of the early Italian Renaissance, publicada por la Universidad de Princeton en dos volúmenes, en 1955. En ella, Baron desarrolla el concepto de “humanismo civil”, desde el cual analiza el humanismo florentino del siglo XV y, en particular, la obra de Leonardo Bruni. Para Baron, los humanistas florentinos, en su lucha por la libertad de Florencia ante la amenaza de la Milán de los Visconti, articularon una novedosa relación entre intelectualidad y política. Este movimiento intelectual, al mismo tiempo, abrió las puertas al pensamiento moderno. Numerosas críticas recibió, desde entonces, el trabajo de Baron, centralmente, por parte de aquellos que reivindicaron las continuidades entre la Edad Media y el Renacimiento, así como también por parte de los que han leído críticamente el éxito que tuvo la Crisis en las academias norteamericanas y su influencia en la consolidación de la “ideología americana”. El artículo propone una revisión de la tesis de Baron así como de las controversias generadas en torno a ella, para, finalmente, esbozar la posibilidad de revisar el concepto de “humanismo civil” desde la obra de Leon Battista Alberti. Abstract In 1952, Hans Baron finished his most important work, The Crisis of the Early Italian Renaissance, published in two volumes by Princeton University in 1955. In this work, the author expounds on the concept of “civil humanism” which he uses to analyze the Florentine humanism of the fifteenth century, and in particular, Leonardo Bruni’s work. According to Baron, Florentine humanists, fighting for Florence’s freedom against the threat of Visconti’s Milan, developed a novel relationship between intellectualism and politics. This intellectual movement also paved the way for modern thought. Baron’s work has been critically reviewed many times since then, especially, by those who vindicated the

  18. Carta abierta a Hans Christian Andersen en el bicentenario de su nacimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Rubio Torres

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen. El 2 de abril del 2005 se realizó una doble celebración: el bicentenario del natalicio del escritor danés Hans Christian Andersen y el Día Internacional del Libro Infantil. Se considera a este autor como el creador de la literatura para niños contemporánea, por introducir discursos reservados, hasta aquel momento, exclusivamente para adultos.

    La “Carta abierta” fue leída a estudiantes de la Universidad Centroamericana (UCA en Managua, Nicaragua, en el marco del Festival dedicado a Andersen, organizado por la Fundación Libros para Niños con el apoyo de las embajadas de Noruega y Dinamarca. En ella, se trata de establecer un perfil biográfico de Andersen y se exploran posibles lecturas de sus cuentos, desde perspectivas educativas, psicológicas y psicoanalíticas. Concluye con una interpretación de Andersen como metáfora del entendimiento y el diálogo entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua.

    Asimismo, este trabajo es la base para el suplemento Educare en el aula, el cual contiene ideas para la motivación a la lectura. Como complemento, se adiciona el cuento El porquerizo de Hans Christian Andersen.

     

    Abstract. April 2nd, 2005 was a day for a double celebration: the bicentennial of the birth of Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen and the International Children’s Book Day. Andersen is known as the creator of contemporary children literature, for his fairy tales introduce language that at that time was used by adults only.

    Students from Central American University (UCA in Managua, Nicaragua, read an “Open Letter” during a Festival that the Books for Children Foundation organized in honor of the author along with the Norwegian and Danish embassies. The letter presents Andersen’s biography and explores alternative readings of his fairy tales from educational, psychological and psychoanalytical perspectives. The letter concludes

  19. ITIH family genes confer risk to schizophrenia and major depressive disorder in the Han Chinese population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Kuanjun; Wang, Qingzhong; Chen, Jianhua; Li, Tao; Li, Zhiqiang; Li, Wenjin; Wen, Zujia; Qiang, Yu; Wang, Meng; Shen, Jiawei; Song, Zhijian; Ji, Jue; Feng, Guoyin; Qi, Shuguang; Lin, He; Shi, Yongyong; Cheng, Zaohuo

    2014-06-03

    As a major extracellular matrix component, ITIHs played an important role in inflammation and carcinogenesis. Several genome-wide association studies have reported that some positive signals which were derived from the tight linkage disequilibrium region on chromosome 3p21 were associated with both schizophrenia and bipolar disorders in the Caucasian population. To further investigate whether this genomic region is also a susceptibility locus of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder in the Han Chinese population, we conducted this study by recruiting 1235 schizophrenia patients, 1045 major depressive disorder patients and 1235 healthy control subjects in the Han Chinese samples for a case-control study. We genotyped seven SNPs within this region using TaqMan® technology. We found that rs2710322 was significantly associated with schizophrenia (adjusted P(allele) = 0.0018, adjusted P(genotype) = 0.006, OR [95% CI] = 1.278 [1.117-1.462]) while rs1042779 was weakly associated with schizophrenia (adjusted P(allele) = 0.048, OR [95% CI] = 1.164 [1.040-1.303]) and major depressive disorder (adjusted P(allele) = 0.042, OR [95% CI] = 1.178 [1.047-1.326]); it was also our finding that rs3821831 was positively associated with major depressive disorder (adjusted P(allele) = 0.003, adjusted P(genotype) = 0.006, OR [95% CI] = 1.426 [1.156-1.760]). Furthermore, no haplotype was found to be associated with schizophrenia and major depressive disorder. Via the association analysis which combines the schizophrenia and major depressive disorder cases, we also notice that rs1042779 and rs3821831 were significantly associated with combined cases (rs1042779: adjusted P(allele) = 0.012, adjusted P(genotype) = 0.018, OR [95% CI] = 1.171 [1.060-1.292]; rs3821831:adjusted P(genotype) = 0.012, OR [95% CI] = 1.193 [1.010-1.410]). Our results revealed that the shared genetic risk factors of both schizophrenia and major depressive disorder exist in ITIH family genes in the Han Chinese

  20. Molecular basis of weak D and DEL in Han population in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Qing; LI Ming; LI Min; LU Xue-song; L(U) Rong; SUN Jun; LIU Zhong

    2012-01-01

    Background Rh blood group system is the most complex and immunogenetic blood group system.Prevalent RHD alleles varied in different populations.The purpose of this study is to determine the molecular basis of weak D and DEL phenotype in Anhui Chinese Han population.Methods The D antigen was determined with IgM monoclonal anti-D conformed to the guidelines for donor testing in China.Weak D samples were identified by an indirect antiglobulin test.DEL phenotype was determined by adsorption and elution test.All the RHD 10 exons were screened by PCR with sequence-specific priming or sequenced for the first-time donors who typed weak D,DEL or D negative by serologic test.Results Of all the 30 799 blood donors,155 blood samples were found D negative with IgM anti-D; 34 blood samples were found D positive by indirect antiglobulin test or absorption elution test.RHD alleles were identified by nucleotide sequencing.Total 4 RHD alleles were found including two new.One hundred and twenty of 155 (77.4%) of the serologically D negative samples lacked the RHD gene.One D negative was RHD(615de12).Thirty-two of 155 (20.6%)carried RHD(K409K) among them one carrying 1227G>A and 845G>A.Two of 155 (1.3%) was weak D type 15.Conclusions In this study at the molecular level,all DEL phenotype is RHD(K40gK); weak D type 15 is the prevalent weak D allele in Anhui Chinese Han population.Additionally,an improved more efficient method was adopted to amplify all the RHD exons in one PCR program.Our study added to the understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying D antigen expression in Anhui Han population and provided useful information for adopting suitable genotyping strategies in routine use.

  1. Prediction consistency and clinical presentations of breast cancer molecular subtypes for Han Chinese population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Chi-Cheng

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease in terms of transcriptional aberrations; moreover, microarray gene expression profiles had defined 5 molecular subtypes based on certain intrinsic genes. This study aimed to evaluate the prediction consistency of breast cancer molecular subtypes from 3 distinct intrinsic gene sets (Sørlie 500, Hu 306 and PAM50 as well as clinical presentations of each molecualr subtype in Han Chinese population. Methods In all, 169 breast cancer samples (44 from Taiwan and 125 from China of Han Chinese population were gathered, and the gene expression features corresponding to 3 distinct intrinsic gene sets (Sørlie 500, Hu 306 and PAM50 were retrieved for molecular subtype prediction. Results For Sørlie 500 and Hu 306 intrinsic gene set, mean-centring of genes and distance-weighted discrimination (DWD remarkably reduced the number of unclassified cases. Regarding pairwise agreement, the highest predictive consistency was found between Hu 306 and PAM50. In all, 150 and 126 samples were assigned into identical subtypes by both Hu 306 and PAM50 genes, under mean-centring and DWD. Luminal B tended to show a higher nuclear grade and have more HER2 over-expression status than luminal A did. No basal-like breast tumours were ER positive, and most HER2-enriched breast tumours showed HER2 over-expression, whereas, only two-thirds of ER negativity/HER2 over-expression tumros were predicted as HER2-enriched molecular subtype. For 44 Taiwanese breast cancers with survival data, a better prognosis of luminal A than luminal B subtype in ER-postive breast cancers and a better prognosis of basal-like than HER2-enriched subtype in ER-negative breast cancers was observed. Conclusions We suggest that the intrinsic signature Hu 306 or PAM50 be used for breast cancers in the Han Chinese population during molecular subtyping. For the prognostic value and decision making based on intrinsic subtypes, further prospective

  2. Hans Robert Jauss e a hermenêutica literária

    OpenAIRE

    Brizotto, Bruno; Universidade de Caxias do Sul; Bertussi, Lisana Teresinha; Universidade de Caxias do Sul

    2014-01-01

    Exame das relações entre hermenêutica e Estética da recepção, sobretudo da hermenêutica literária, ramo da hermenêutica, cuja organização metodológica é exigida e providenciada por Hans Robert Jauss, um dos maiores expoentes da Escola de Constança, berço da Estética da recepção. Corolário desse exercício é a efetivação de um rico e produtivo diálogo entre a filosofia e os estudos literários.

  3. The Elite Children in the Han Dynasty%汉代杰出成童

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董海蔚

    2012-01-01

    In the Han Dynasty, as compared to younger children, children aged eight to fifteen- year- old children were regarded as quasi- adult children. Some of them were intelligent, filial piety, had awe - inspiring spirit, even with extraordinary talent and martial skill. They had extraordinary, social influence and were outstanding representatives of children.%在汉代,相对于年龄较小的幼童,八至十五岁年龄段的儿童则属于成童。他们中的一些聪慧、孝顺,有令人折服的气概,甚至具备非凡的辩才及武功。他们有着不凡的社会影响力,是当时儿童群体的杰出代表。

  4. Medieval orthopaedic history in Germany: Hieronymus Brunschwig and Hans von Gersdorff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernigou, Philippe

    2015-10-01

    Hans von Gerssdorff and Hieronymus Brunschwig, who flourished in Germany in the latter half of the fifteenth century, have both left early printed treatises on Surgery which give excellent woodcuts showing pictures of instruments, operations, and costumes, at the end of the medieval period. Hieronymus Brunschwig or Hieronymus Brunschwygk (ca. 1450 - ca. 1512), was a German surgeon (wundartzot), alchemist and botanist. He was notable for his methods of treatment of gunshot wounds. His most influential book was the Buch der Cirurgia. Gersdorff(1455-1529) was a military surgeon who gained wide experience during 40 years of campaigning and was an expert in the treatment of battlefield injuries. His work covers anatomy, surgery, leprosy, and glossaries of anatomical terms, diseases, and medications.

  5. Glaciological and chemical studies on ice cores from Hans Tausen ice cap, Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, H.B.; Stampe, Mia; Hammer, C.U.

    2001-01-01

    to the thermo-nuclear tests in the atmosphere in the early 1960'ies. Many of the investigated parameters exhibit seasonal variations, e.g. d18O, acidity, Cl- and dust, therefore the study of the accumulation history of the ice cap improves our knowledge of the question if the mass balance of the Hans Tausen...... exist along the 1995 cores (MC95 and SC95) and finally detailed records of dust and water soluble ion concentrations exist on selected parts of MC95. To determine a time scale for the ice core is an important prerequisite for the interpretation of other records. The age scale is based on acid layers...... are selected for an analysis of dust and water soluble chemical components, including F-, CH3SO2-, Cl-, NO3-, SO42-, Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+. Coulter counter technique was used for the dust measurements and the chemical analysis were carried out by ion chromatography....

  6. Integrating experimental and observational personality research--the contributions of Hans Eysenck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revelle, William; Oehlberg, Katherine

    2008-12-01

    A fundamental aspect of Hans Eysenck's research was his emphasis upon using all the tools available to the researcher to study personality. This included correlational, experimental, physiological, and genetic approaches. Fifty years after Cronbach's call for the reunification of the two disciplines of psychology (Cronbach, 1957) and 40 years after Eysenck's plea for experimental approaches to personality research (H. J. Eysenck, 1966), what is the status of the unification? Should personality researchers use experimental techniques? Do experimental techniques allow us to tease out causality, and are we communicating the advantages of combining experimental with multivariate correlational techniques? We review the progress made since Cronbach's and Eysenck's original papers and suggest that although it is still uncommon to find experimental studies of personality, psychology would benefit from the joint use of correlational and experimental approaches.

  7. Re-reading "Little Hans": Freud's case study and the question of competing paradigms in psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Midgley, Nicholas

    2006-01-01

    Psychoanalysts have long recognized the complex interaction between clinical data and formal psychoanalytic theories. While clinical data are often used to provide "evidence" for psychoanalytic paradigms, the theoretical model used by the analyst also structures what can and cannot be seen in the data. This delicate interaction between theory and clinical data can be seen in the history of interpretations of Freud's "Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-Old Boy" ("Little Hans"). Freud's himself revised his reading of the case in 1926, after which a number of psychoanalysts--including Melanie Klein, Jacques Lacan, and John Bowlby--reinterpreted the case in the light of their particular models of the mind. These analysts each found "evidence" for their theoretical model within this classic case study, and in doing so they illuminated aspects of the case that had previously been obscured, while also revealing a great deal about the shifting preoccupations of psychoanalysis as a field.

  8. Continuatio naturae. La arquitectura monástica de Dom Hans van der Laan

    OpenAIRE

    Sainz Gutiérrez, Victoriano

    2009-01-01

    En un texto de carácter autobiográfico redactado hacia el final de su vida, Hans van der Laan señalaba, al recordar sus años de infancia y adolescencia, que el principal objetivo en esos años cruciales para su formación había sido el conocimiento de la naturaleza: «Lento pero seguro escribe, me adentraba en la vida de la naturaleza, siendo consciente de que había sido creada por Dios. Mi hermana mayor, la que murió durante la guerra, tuvo como profesora, tanto en la enseñanza primaria como en...

  9. [Hans Gross as an archaeologist--the significance of archaeology for 'encyclopedic' criminology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karl, Stephan; Bachhiesl, Christian

    2014-01-01

    In some cases, forensics and criminology have to cooperate with disciplines that usually are counted among the humanities, e.g. with archaeology. This article examines the significance of this cooperation for the criminological epistemology at the turn of the 19th century. These methodological considerations are illustrated by an example: When Hans Gross, who became the founder of the Austrian School of Criminology later, saw an unusually shaped hill near Feldbach, a town in southern Styria, he assumed this hill to be a burial mound and informed the responsible archaeological authorities immediately. Further investigations showed, however, that this hill was a natural formation. This is an early example for interdisciplinary cooperation, which proves that both in archaeology and in criminology a thorough inspection of the site is decisive for further scientific analysis of the topic of research.

  10. Suicidal risk factors of recurrent major depression in Han Chinese women.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuzhang Zhu

    Full Text Available The relationship between suicidality and major depression is complex. Socio- demography, clinical features, comorbidity, clinical symptoms, and stressful life events are important factors influencing suicide in major depression, but these are not well defined. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the associations between the above-mentioned factors and suicide ideation, suicide plan, and suicide attempt in 6008 Han Chinese women with recurrent major depression (MD. Patients with any suicidality had significantly more MD symptoms, a significantly greater number of stressful life events, a positive family history of MD, a greater number of episodes, a significant experience of melancholia, and earlier age of onset. Comorbidity with dysthymia, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD, social phobia, and animal phobia was seen in suicidal patients. The present findings indicate that specific factors act to increase the likelihood of suicide in MD. Our results may help improve the clinical assessment of suicide risk in depressed patients, especially for women.

  11. FAIRY-TALE REALISM. HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN AND THE MODERN WORLD OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederike Felcht

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available According to recent research in literary studies, literature has a specific knowledge about things. My contribution supports this thesis by analyzing the world of things in Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales. Exemplary readings reveal how Andersen's texts acknowledge the power of things in modern life and how these texts thus question scientific and philosophical concepts of subjectivity that dominated in the nineteenth century. The agency of things in Andersen's texts challenges the ideal of a rational subject that acts autonomously. Current theoretical approaches, notably Actor-Network-Theory, allow us to understand the realism of acting things in Andersen's work. That which is marvelous, which is prevalently used to define the genre Fairy Tale in literary studies, is inherent to modernity. The relationship between magic and modernity is different than expected: modernity consists of an interplay between enchantment and disenchantment.

  12. FAIRY-TALE REALISM. HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN AND THE MODERN WORLD OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederike Felcht

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available According to recent research in literary studies, literature has a specific knowledge about things. My contribution supports this thesis by analyzing the world of things in Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales. Exemplary readings reveal how Andersen's texts acknowledge the power of things in modern life and how these texts thus question scientific and philosophical concepts of subjectivity that dominated in the nineteenth century. The agency of things in Andersen's texts challenges the ideal of a rational subject that acts autonomously. Current theoretical approaches, notably Actor-Network-Theory, allow us to understand the realism of acting things in Andersen's work. That which is marvelous, which is prevalently used to define the genre Fairy Tale in literary studies, is inherent to modernity. The relationship between magic and modernity is different than expected: modernity consists of an interplay between enchantment and disenchantment

  13. The localization of type 2 diabetes susceptibility gene loci in northern Chinese Han families

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    We conducted a genome-wide scan,in which 358 well distributed fluorescent dye-labe- led microsatellite marker sets were applied in 32 Chinese Han type 2 diabetes families from Northern China to search for the susceptibility gene loci.The data collected from screening all the chromosomes of genome were genotyped by using genescan and genotyping software,then,parametric and non-parametric multipoint test,and affected sib-pair analysis as well,were used to analyze the data.We identified some susceptibility gene loci residing in chromosomes 1,12,18,20,respectively,or precisely,located around D1S214,D1S207,D1S218,D1S235,D12S336,D18S61 and D20S118.The comparison of this result with those from other regions and races reflected the complexity and heterogeneity of type 2 diabetes.

  14. Hans-Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics: Concepts of reading, understanding and interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Regan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Hans-Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics is a popular qualitative research interpretive method aiming to explore the meaning of individual experiences in relation to understanding human interpretation. Gadamer identifies that authentic engagement with reading requires awareness of the inter-subjective nature of understanding in order to promote a reflective engagement with the text. The main concepts of Gadamer’s view of reading and understanding are explored in this paper in relation to interpreting text. Concepts such as; inter-subjectivity, Being, authenticity, fore-structure, pre-suppositions, prejudice, temporality and history are all help to enhance health and social science researchers’ understanding of his theory and its application.

  15. Suicidal risk factors of recurrent major depression in Han Chinese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yuzhang; Zhang, Hongni; Shi, Shenxun; Gao, Jingfang; Li, Youhui; Tao, Ming; Zhang, Kerang; Wang, Xumei; Gao, Chengge; Yang, Lijun; Li, Kan; Shi, Jianguo; Wang, Gang; Liu, Lanfen; Zhang, Jinbei; Du, Bo; Jiang, Guoqing; Shen, Jianhua; Zhang, Zhen; Liang, Wei; Sun, Jing; Hu, Jian; Liu, Tiebang; Wang, Xueyi; Miao, Guodong; Meng, Huaqing; Li, Yi; Hu, Chunmei; Li, Yi; Huang, Guoping; Li, Gongying; Ha, Baowei; Deng, Hong; Mei, Qiyi; Zhong, Hui; Gao, Shugui; Sang, Hong; Zhang, Yutang; Fang, Xiang; Yu, Fengyu; Yang, Donglin; Liu, Tieqiao; Chen, Yunchun; Hong, Xiaohong; Wu, Wenyuan; Chen, Guibing; Cai, Min; Song, Yan; Pan, Jiyang; Dong, Jicheng; Pan, Runde; Zhang, Wei; Shen, Zhenming; Liu, Zhengrong; Gu, Danhua; Wang, Xiaoping; Liu, Xiaojuan; Zhang, Qiwen; Li, Yihan; Chen, Yiping; Kendler, Kenneth Seedman; Flint, Jonathan; Liu, Ying

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between suicidality and major depression is complex. Socio- demography, clinical features, comorbidity, clinical symptoms, and stressful life events are important factors influencing suicide in major depression, but these are not well defined. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the associations between the above-mentioned factors and suicide ideation, suicide plan, and suicide attempt in 6008 Han Chinese women with recurrent major depression (MD). Patients with any suicidality had significantly more MD symptoms, a significantly greater number of stressful life events, a positive family history of MD, a greater number of episodes, a significant experience of melancholia, and earlier age of onset. Comorbidity with dysthymia, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, and animal phobia was seen in suicidal patients. The present findings indicate that specific factors act to increase the likelihood of suicide in MD. Our results may help improve the clinical assessment of suicide risk in depressed patients, especially for women.

  16. Julius Elster and Hans Geitel - Dioscuri of physics and pioneer investigators in atmospheric electricity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fricke, Rudolf G. A.; Schlegel, Kristian

    2017-01-01

    Julius Elster and Hans Geitel contributed to the physics at the turn of the 19-20th century in many ways. We first summarize the life of these exceptional scientists. Then - owing to the topic of this journal - we focus on their atmospheric electricity research. With their experiments, careful evaluations and ingenious interpretation, Elster and Geitel made important contributions to precipitation electricity, the influence of solar radiation on the electric state of the atmosphere, the nature of charge carriers and the ionization of air by radioactivity. They proved their experimental skills by inventing new instruments with unprecedented accuracy and reliability. A very modern concept was their attitude to undertake long-term measurements at various locations. A section on their recognition in the physics community and their scientific distinctions concludes the paper.

  17. Hermeneutics and the philosophy of medicine: Hans-Georg Gadamer's platonic metaphor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lingiardi, V; Grieco, A

    1999-09-01

    Taking as our starting point Plato's metaphor of the doctor as philosopher we reflect on some aspects of the epistemological status of medicine. The framework to this paper is the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer which shows the paradoxical nature of Western medicine in choosing the body-object as its investigative starting point, while in actual fact dealing with subjects. Gadamer proposes a model of medicine as the art of understanding and dialogue, which is capable of bringing together its various constituent parts, i.e. knowledge, knowing how to do and knowing how to be, in medical practice and in the physician's training. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the dyadic figure of the physician as Platonic "master of the living totality" and wounded healer, capable of activating the patient's self-healing capacity.

  18. Philosophical hermeneutics and the project of Hans Georg Gadamer: implications for nursing research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, K

    1996-12-01

    The paper begins with an overview of the historical roots of philosophical hermeneutics grounded in the work of Husserl and Heidegger. It goes on to explore the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans Georg Gadamer as a philosophy useful to nursing research. The four concepts of prejudice, the fusion of horizons, the hermeneutic circle and play are discussed, as are the implications these concepts have for nursing research. These concepts have been utilized in the author's own research and examples from this research are given to illuminate how these concepts can be shaped to the purposes of nursing research. While the concepts discussed stem from the work of Gadamer, the ways they have been utilized by the author do not represent a Gadamerian method. Gadamer's project is purely philosophical.

  19.  Introduktion til Luhmanns organisationsteori i lyset af hans almene systemteori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Jeg vil i denne indledning give en udlægning af Luhmanns teori i fugleperspektiv, der ud fra en videnskabsteoretisk og metametodologisk vinkel henvender sig til interesserede i organisationsteori og organisationskommunikation, der gerne vil tilegne sig Luhmanns organisationsteori i forhold til hans...... overordnede teoriramme. Hver af de følgende artikler tager en problematik op ift. organisationer, fx, værdier og anskueliggør hvordan den kan tænkes ud fra Luhmann. Indledningen selv tager Luhmanns systemteori og udlægger den ved at formidle en række grundbegreber i en sammenhæng der begynder med...... iagttagelsesbegrebet og bevæger sig over autopoiesis, forskellige systemtyper, kommunikation og sociale systemtyper til begrebet organisation. Jeg begynder altså med iagttagelse, med refleksion over muligheden og betingelserne for overhovedet at udsige noget om verden. Ved Luhmann foregår dette uden ontologiske...

  20. Genome-Wide Association Study for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Taiwanese Han Population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Po-Hsiu Kuo

    Full Text Available Autism spectrum disorder (ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder with strong genetic components. Several recent genome-wide association (GWA studies in Caucasian samples have reported a number of gene regions and loci correlated with the risk of ASD--albeit with very little consensus across studies.A two-stage GWA study was employed to identify common genetic variants for ASD in the Taiwanese Han population. The discovery stage included 315 patients with ASD and 1,115 healthy controls, using the Affymetrix SNP array 6.0 platform for genotyping. Several gene regions were then selected for fine-mapping and top markers were examined in extended samples. Single marker, haplotype, gene-based, and pathway analyses were conducted for associations.Seven SNPs had p-values ranging from 3.4~9.9*10-6, but none reached the genome-wide significant level. Five of them were mapped to three known genes (OR2M4, STYK1, and MNT with significant empirical gene-based p-values in OR2M4 (p = 3.4*10(-5 and MNT (p = 0.0008. Results of the fine-mapping study showed single-marker associations in the GLIS1 (rs12082358 and rs12080993 and NAALADL2 (rs3914502 and rs2222447 genes, and gene-based associations for the OR2M3-OR2T5 (olfactory receptor genes, p = 0.02, and GLIPR1/KRR1 gene regions (p = 0.015. Pathway analyses revealed important pathways for ASD, such as olfactory and G protein-coupled receptors signaling pathways.We reported Taiwanese Han specific susceptibility genes and variants for ASD. However, further replication in other Asian populations is warranted to validate our findings. Investigation in the biological functions of our reported genetic variants might also allow for better understanding on the underlying pathogenesis of autism.

  1. CYP7A1 genotypes and haplotypes associated with hypertension in an obese Han Chinese population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Lingyu; Zhao, Yanyan; Wu, Xiaomei; Liu, Hong; Shi, Jingpu; Lu, Jingyu; Zhou, Bo

    2011-06-01

    This study investigated the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs3808607 and rs1125226) within the CYP7A1 promoter and hypertension susceptibility in a Han Chinese population. From 2003 through 2006, a population-based case-control study was performed in a cohort of 1187 randomly selected Han Chinese subjects. A sib-pair study for a transmission disequilibrium test analysis was carried out in 76 hypertensive (HT) families (n=312) from northeastern Liaoning province. SNPs were detected using real-time PCR. No significant differences were found in the genotype or allele frequencies of either SNP (P>0.05), with no excessive allele sharing. For rs3808607, the frequency of the AA genotype in obese hypertensive patients was 31.91%, significantly higher than in normotensive (NT) subjects (12.73%; odds ratio (OR)=3.21, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.35-7.66). For rs3808607, the AA genotype frequency was significantly higher in obese male HT subjects (27.87%) than in matched NTs (7.41%; OR=4.83, 95% CI=1.03-22.65). After adjustment for environmental risk factors in obese participants, the AA genotype was associated with hypertension (OR=3.395, 95% CI=1.412-8.162). Among subjects with body mass index 28 kg m(-2), the HT and NT groups had significantly different frequencies of Hap I (C/C) and Hap IV (A/A). The frequencies of rs3808607 alleles in the CYP7A1 gene differed significantly between obese HT and NT men. Haplotypes I and IV were associated with hypertension in obese participants.

  2. [Hans Neuffer (1892-1968). Medical moral philosopher and politician of profession in personal union].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denis, Réne; Gross, Dominik

    2003-01-01

    Hans Neuffer had a well established, civil familiary background. He was raised according to Christian values and remained a practising Christian until the end of his life. Before 1945 he was no person in public life. In spite of the fact that he disapproved the Nazi rule, he did not practise open resistance. After World War Two politically guiltless physicians were needed. Neuffer had this quality and on top of that he had a talent for organisation. In the beginning he was medical functionary in his swabian hometown Stuttgart. In 1949 he took over tasks as medical functionary nationwide. Under his leadership the German physicians succeeded in creating the structures of self administration, that still exist today. Big improvements in income were achieved. The German physicians profited from this until the seventy years of the last century. In addition to this the German doctors managed to become fully accepted members of the World Medical Association (WMA). Besides his work as medical functionary, Neuffer was occupied with ethical questions. The premise of Neuffer's medical ethics were the physician's close ties to God. The responsibility to God was more important than responsibility to conscience, science, the people or the government. One of the foundations of Neuffer's ethics lies in the doctor's personality. Like an artist the "true" physician felt an inner calling. He possessed high mental capacity and had special psychological abilities. Such high moral, mental and psychological demands could only be fulfilled in freedom. Freedom required an adequate income and physicians' self administration. This kind of medical ethics fitted well to the political aims of West Germany's General Medical Council. The freedom of the medical profession and independence from society or government were crucial positions. Hans Neuffer was a politically and morally guiltless medical functionary. At the end of his presidency in 1959, West Germany's physicians had achieved all

  3. Genetic Analysis of IL-17 Gene Polymorphisms in Gout in a Male Chinese Han Population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Zhou

    Full Text Available Interleukin (IL-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine mainly secreted by activated T helper 17 cells and involved in inflammatory immune responses. This study aimed to investigate the association between IL-17 variants as well as serum IL-17 levels with gout in male Chinese Han individuals. A total of 1,101 male gout patients and 1,239 ethic-matched controls were enrolled. Genetic distributions of three variants (rs2275913 in IL-17A, rs763780 in IL-17F, and rs4819554 in IL-17RA were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction using the Taqman probe method. The plasma concentrations of IL-17A and IL-17F were measured in 228 gout patients and 198 controls that came from above samples by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. No significant differences were observed in the genetic distribution of these polymorphisms between cases and controls (rs2275913: χ2 = 0.15, p = 0.928 by genotype, χ2 = 0.14, p = 0.711 by allele; rs763780: χ2 = 2.24, p = 0.326 by genotype, χ2 = 0.26, p = 0.609 by allele; rs4819554: χ2 = 1.79, p = 0.409 by genotype, χ2 = 1.46, p = 0.227 by allele. Levels of serum IL-17A and IL-17F were significantly decreased in gout patients (both p0.05. Although the genetic variants in IL-17 we studied in this research do not appear to be involved in the development of gout in male Chinese Han individuals, the IL-17 cytokine family may participate in gouty inflammation in an undefined way, which requires further validation.

  4. Association of apolipoprotein E 4 polymorphism with cerebral infarction in Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu-qing JIN; Wei-feng JI; Jian-gang ZHANG; Yong-sheng FAN; Jing DING; Mei CHEN; Wei FAN; Guang-ji ZHANG; Bin-hui ZHANG; Suo-jing YU; Yong-sheng ZHANG

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To study the association between APOE polymorphisms and cerebral infarction through a case-control study among the Chinese Han population. METHODS: First-ever cerebral infarction patients (n=226) whose ages ranged from 40 to 60 years old were recruited from Department of Neurology, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, and Zhejiang Chinese Traditional Medicine Hospital, Zhejiang, China. Unrelated healthy controls (n=201) were selected from the general population in the same area with similar age and sex distribution. APOE was amplified by one-stage PCR using the forward primer: 5'-GGC ACG GCT GTC CAA GGA GCT-3' and reverse primer: 5'-GAT GGC GCT GAG GCC GCG CT-3'. The PCR product was digested directly with 5 U of CfoI and separated by a 20 % polyacrylamide (acrylamide: bis-acrylamide=29:1) nondenaturing gel. RESULTS: Both cerebral infarction patient and control groups were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The allele frequency ofAPOE*2, APOE*3, and APOE*4 was 4.6 %,81.9 %, and 13.5 % respectively in the patients with cerebral infarction; 5.7 %, 87.3 %, and 7.0 % respectively in the healthy control group. Compared with APOE3/3 subjects, APOE4/4 carriers had a 2.1-fold risk of cerebral infarction (odds ratio 2.1, 95 % confidence limits 1.3 to 3.4). The allele frequency of APOE*4 in the cerebral infarction patient group was significantly higher than that in the control group (13.5 % vs 7.0 %; P=0.002).CONCLUSION: APOE 4 is a risk factor for cerebral infarction among the Chinese Han population.

  5. Population data of 21 non-CODIS STR loci in Han population of northern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Li; Ge, Jianye; Lu, Di; Yang, Xue

    2012-07-01

    Allele frequencies and forensic statistics of 21 autosomal short tandem repeat loci (i.e., D6S474, D12ATA63, D22S1045, D10S1248, D1S1677, D11S4463, D1S1627, D3S4529, D2S441, D6S1017, D4S2408, D19S433, D17S1301, D1GATA113, D18S853, D20S482, D14S1434, D9S1122, D2S1776, D10S1435 and D5S2500) were estimated in Han population from northern China (n = 220). Significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was detected only for D22S1045. The observed heterozygosity, the expected heterozygosity, the discrimination power, the probability of paternity exclusion in trios, the probability of paternity exclusion in duos and the polymorphic information content ranged from 0.591 to 0.836, 0.594 to 0.830, 0.762 to 0.948, 0.341 to 0.659, 0.189 to 0.487 and 0.535 to 0.807, respectively. Triallelic patterns were observed at D19S433 and D10S1435. Mutations occurred at D22ATA63, D10S1248, D19S433 and D14S1434 loci with all single-step mutations. The expected mutation rates of these four loci are 0.0042 with 95% confidence interval [0.0001, 0.0232] in a total of 238 meioses. Our results show that these 21 non-CODIS STR loci are highly polymorphic and can be useful for human identification and kinship analysis in Northern Han population in China.

  6. Role of IL-17 Variants in Preeclampsia in Chinese Han Women.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiyan Wang

    Full Text Available Previous studies have suggested an important role for IL-17, mainly secreted by Th17 cells, in the development of systemic inflammation in preeclampsia (PE. This study therefore investigated the association between genetic variants in IL-17A, IL-17F, and IL-17RA and susceptibility to PE in Chinese Han women. We recruited 1,031 PE patients and 1,298 controls of later pregnant women, and used TaqMan allelic discrimination real-time PCR to genotype the polymorphisms of IL17A rs2275913, IL-17F rs763780, and IL-17RA rs4819554. No significant differences in genotypic or allelic frequencies were found at all three polymorphic sites between PE patients and controls (rs2275913: genotype χ2 = 0.218, p = 0.897 and allele χ2 = 0.157, p = 0.692, OR = 1.024, 95%CI 0.911-1.152; rs763780: genotype χ2 = 1.948, p = 0.377 and allele χ2 = 1.242, p = 0.265, OR = 0.897, 95%CI 0.741-1.086; rs4819554: genotype χ2 = 0.633, p = 0.729 and allele χ2 = 0.115, p = 0.735, OR = 1.020, 95%CI 0.908-1.146. There were also no significant differences in genetic distributions between mild/severe PE or early/late-onset PE and control subgroups. Our data indicate that the genetic variants of rs2275913 in IL-17A, rs763780 in IL-17F, and rs4819554 in IL-17RA may not play a role in the pathogenesis of PE in Chinese Han women. However, these findings should be confirmed in other ethnic populations.

  7. Incidence and Simple Prediction Model of Hyperuricemia for Urban Han Chinese Adults: A Prospective Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Jin; Wang, Chunxia; Zhang, Guang; Ji, Xiang; Liu, Yanxun; Sun, Xiubin; Yuan, Zhongshang; Jiang, Zheng; Xue, Fuzhong

    2017-01-01

    Background: Hyperuricemia (HUA) contributes to gout and many other diseases. Many hyperuricemia-related risk factors have been discovered, which provided the possibility for building the hyperuricemia prediction model. In this study we aimed to explore the incidence of hyperuricemia and develop hyperuricemia prediction models based on the routine biomarkers for both males and females in urban Han Chinese adults. Methods: A cohort of 58,542 members of the urban population (34,980 males and 23,562 females) aged 20–80 years old, free of hyperuricemia at baseline examination, was followed up for a median 2.5 years. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to develop gender-specific prediction models. Harrell’s C-statistics was used to evaluate the discrimination ability of the models, and the 10-fold cross-validation was used to validate the models. Results: In 7139 subjects (5585 males and 1554 females), hyperuricemia occurred during a median of 2.5 years of follow-up, leading to a total incidence density of 49.63/1000 person years (64.62/1000 person years for males and 27.12/1000 person years for females). The predictors of hyperuricemia were age, body mass index (BMI) systolic blood pressure, serum uric acid for males, and BMI, systolic blood pressure, serum uric acid, triglycerides for females. The models’ C statistics were 0.783 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.779–0.786) for males and 0.784 (95% CI, 0.778–0.789) for females. After 10-fold cross-validation, the C statistics were still steady, with 0.782 for males and 0.783 for females. Conclusions: In this study, gender-specific prediction models for hyperuricemia for urban Han Chinese adults were developed and performed well.

  8. Risk Factors, Coronary Severity, Outcome and ABO Blood Group: A Large Chinese Han Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan; Li, Sha; Zhu, Cheng-Gang; Guo, Yuan-Lin; Wu, Na-Qiong; Xu, Rui-Xia; Dong, Qian; Liu, Geng; Li, Jian-Jun

    2015-10-01

    ABO blood type locus has been reported to have ethnic difference and to be a pivotal genetic determinant of cardiovascular risk, whereas few prospective data regarding the impact on cardiovascular outcomes are available in a large cohort of patients with angiography-proven coronary artery disease, especially from the Chinese population. The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic role of blood type in future cardiovascular events (CVEs) in Chinese Han patients undergoing coronary angiography.The population of this prospective cohort study consisted of 3823 eligible patients, and followed annually to capture all CVEs. Baseline characteristics and ABO blood type were obtained. Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the risk of ABO blood type on CVEs.New CVEs occurred in 348 patients [263 (10.3%) non-O and 85 (7.8%) O] during a median period of 24.6 months follow-up. Significantly, non-O blood group was related to the presence and severity of coronary atherosclerosis and several risk factors including inflammatory markers. The log-rank test revealed that there was a significant difference between non-O and O blood groups in event-free survival analysis (P = 0.026). In particular, the Cox proportional hazards models revealed that non-O blood type was associated with increased CVEs risk [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) 1.320 (1.033-1.685)], even after adjusting for potential confounders [adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) non-O: 1.289 (1.003-1.656); A: 1.083 (0.797-1.472); B: 1.481 (1.122-1.955); AB: 1.249 (0.852-1.831), respectively].Non-O blood type is associated with future CVEs in Chinese Han patients undergoing coronary angiography.

  9. Pen size and parity effects on maternal behaviour of Small-Tail Han sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, S-J; Yang, Y; Dwyer, C M; Li, F-K

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this experiment was to study the effects of pen size and parity on maternal behaviour of twin-bearing Small-Tail Han ewes. A total of 24 ewes were allocated to a 2×2 design (six per pen), with parity (primiparous or multiparous) and pen size (large: 6.0×3.0 m; small: 6.0×1.5 m) as main effects at Linyi University, Shandong Province, China. Behaviour was observed from after parturition until weaning. All ewes were observed for 6 h every 5 days from 0700 to1000 h and from 1400 to 1700 h. Continuous focal animal sampling was used to quantify the duration of maternal behaviours: sucking, grooming and following as well as the frequency of udder accepting, udder refusing and low-pitched bleating. Oestradiol and cortisol concentrations in the faeces (collected in the morning every 5 days) were detected using EIA kits. All lambs were weighed 24 h after parturition and again at weaning at 35 days of age. The small pen size significantly reduced following (Pprimiparous ewes (Pprimiparous ewes (P<0.001), and ewes in small pens had higher faecal cortisol levels compared with ewes in larger pens (P<0.001). As lambs increased in age, the duration of maternal grooming, following and suckling as well as frequency of udder acceptance and low-pitched bleating all declined, and the frequency of udder refusing increased (P<0.001 for all). Ewe parity, but not pen size, affected lamb weight gain during the period of observation (P<0.001). This is the first study to show that pen size, interacting with parity, can affect the expression of maternal behaviour in sheep during lactation. The study is also the first to report on the maternal behaviour of Chinese native sheep breeds (Small-Tail Han sheep), with implications for the production of sheep in China.

  10. Relevance Study on Cerebral Infarction and Resistin Gene Polymorphism in Chinese Han Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Aijuan; Cai, Gaoyu; Fu, Ningzhen; Feng, Yulan; Sun, Jialan; Maimaiti, Yiming; Zhou, Weijun; Fu, Yi

    2016-01-01

    Recent research on genome-wide associations has implicated that the serum resistin level and its gene polymorphism are associated with cerebral infarction (CI) morbidity and prognosis, and could thereby regulate CI. This study aimed to investigate the association between the resistin single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and the susceptibility to CI in the Chinese Han population. A total of 550 CI patients and 313 healthy controls were genotyped. Nine SNPs of the resistin gene previously shown were sequenced and assessed for an association with CI. The numbers of GG genotype carriers of rs3219175 and rs3486119 in the CI group were significantly higher than those in the control group among the middle-aged group (aged 45-65), at 76% vs 67.9% (P=0.025) and 75.5% vs 67.9% (P=0.031). rs3219175 and rs34861192 were associated with CI in the dominant and superdominant models according to the genetic model analysis (P<0.05). Meanwhile, there was strong linkage disequilibrium among the rs34124816, rs3219175, rs34861192, rs1862513, rs3745367, 180C/G and rs3745369 sites. In a haplotype analysis, the occurrence rate of the haplotype AGGCAGC was 1.97 times (P<0.05) higher in the patient group than in the control group. In addition, the numbers of GG genotype carriers of rs3219175 and rs3486119 in the middle-aged male CI patients and the middle-aged small artery occlusion (SAO) CI patients were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). In the Chinese Han middle-aged population, the GG gene type carriers of the resistin gene sites rs3219175 and rs34861192 had a high risk for CI onset, especially in middle-aged male patients and SAO CI in all middle-aged patients. PMID:27699082

  11. Polymorphisms in CISH gene are associated with persistent hepatitis B virus infection in Han Chinese population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhangyong Hu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cytokine-inducible SRC homology 2 domain protein (CISH is the first member of the suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS protein family. An association between multiple CISH polymorphisms and susceptibility to infectious diseases has been reported. This study aimed to investigate the possible association of these single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in CISH gene with different outcomes of Hepatitis B virus (HBV infection. METHODS: 1019 unrelated Chinese Han subjects, including 240 persistent asymptomatic HBV carriers, 217 chronic hepatitis B patients, 137 HBV-related liver cirrhosis patients, and 425 cases of spontaneously recovered HBV as controls, were studied. Four SNPs (rs622502, rs2239751, rs414171 and rs6768300 in CISH gene were genotyped with the snapshot technique. Transcriptional activity of the CISH promoter was assayed in vitro using the dual-luciferase reporter assay system. RESULTS: At position rs414171, A allele and AA genotype frequencies were significantly higher in the HBV-resolved group as compared to the persistent HBV infection group. At position rs2239751, TT genotype was further observed in the HBV-resolved group. Using asymptomatic HBV carriers as controls, our results indicated that the rs414171 and rs2239751 polymorphisms were unrelated to HBV progression. The other two SNPs (rs622502 and rs6768300 showed no association with persistent HBV infection. Haplotype analysis revealed that the GGCA haplotype was associated with spontaneous clearance of HBV in this population. Moreover, luciferase activity was significantly higher in the PGL3-Basic-rs414171T construct as compared to the PGL3-Basic-rs414171A construct (p<0.001. CONCLUSION: Two SNPs (rs414171 and rs2239751 in the CISH gene were associated with persistent HBV infection in Han Chinese population, but not with HBV progression.

  12. Disposition and kinetics of tetrabromobisphenol A in female Wistar Han rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel A. Knudsen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA is the brominated flame retardant with the largest production volume worldwide. NTP 2-year bioassays found TBBPA dose-dependent increases in uterine tumors in female Wistar Han rats; evidence of reproductive tissues carcinogenicity was equivocal in male rats. To explain this apparent sex-dependence, the disposition and toxicokinetic profile of TBBPA were investigated using female Wistar Han rats, as no data were available for female rats. In these studies, the primary route of elimination following [14C]-TBBPA administration (25, 250 or 1000 mg/kg was in feces; recoveries in 72 h were 95.7 ± 3.5%, 94.3 ± 3.6% and 98.8 ± 2.2%, respectively (urine: 0.2–2%; tissues: <0.1. TBBPA was conjugated to mono-glucuronide and -sulfate metabolites and eliminated in the bile. Plasma toxicokinetic parameters for a 250 mg/kg dose were estimated based on free TBBPA, as determined by UV/radiometric-HPLC analyses. Oral dosing by gavage (250 mg/kg resulted in a rapid absorption of compound into the systemic circulation with an observed Cmax at 1.5 h post-dose followed by a prolonged terminal phase. TBBPA concentrations in plasma decreased rapidly after an IV dose (25 mg/kg followed by a long elimination phase. These results indicate low systemic bioavailability (F < 0.05, similar to previous reports using male rats. Elimination pathways appeared to become saturated leading to delayed excretion after a single oral administration of the highest dose (1000 mg/kg; no such saturation or delay was detected at lower doses. Chronic high exposures to TBBPA may result in competition for metabolism with endogenous substrates in extrahepatic tissues (e.g., SULT1E1 estrogen sulfation resulting in endocrine disruption.

  13. Hans Selye and the development of the stress concept. Special reference to gastroduodenal ulcerogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabo, S

    1998-06-30

    Hans Selye has a historic role in the development of the stress concept. Before his short article in Nature in 1936, the neuroendocrine response to nonspecific injury was thought to be restricted to the release of catecholamines, as recognized by Cannon. Selye was the first to appreciate the crucial role of the adrenal cortex/hypophysis axis in the stress response. He also insisted on the nonspecificity of this neuroendocrine response, and he named the stress-causing agent "stressors". His last major contribution was the distinction between negative, that is, distress, and positive, that is, eustress reactions. The "triad of stress" (adrenal hypertrophy, gastrointestinal ulcers, thymolymphatic atrophy) was also first described by Selye, who was fascinated by the fact that in stressed rodents only gastric and not duodenal ulcers would develop. It was not until the recognition of duodenal ulcerogenic properties of propionitrile and cysteamine as well as the subsequent quantitative structure-activity studies predicting the duodenal ulcerogenic action of complex molecules that pathogenetic investigations allowed a molecular and mechanistic approach for studying the etiology and pathogenesis of duodenal ulceration. Recent studies on the role of sulfhydryls, TRH, ET, and growth factors provide new insights into central and peripheral pre-ulcer pathways. We were surprised to learn that an organ-specific ET-1 release may play a role both in ulcer induction and healing, which seems to start with the expression of immediate early genes such as egr-1 and stimulation of the local synthesis of growth factors such as bFGF and PDGF. Thus, a historic review originating with Hans Selye and extending through the next 60 years allows a cellular and molecular approach to the better understanding of stress-related disorders such as gastroduodenal ulceration.

  14. La persona como singularidad concreta en la obra de Hans Urs von Balthasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anneliese Meis W.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio aborda el concepto de persona de Hans Urs von Balthasar en cuanto singularidad concreta, descubierto a través de una intensa lectura analítica de su voluminosa obra, búsqueda a la luz de la pregunta ¿por qué yo soy precisamente yo? En efecto, el teólogo suizo nunca sistematiza su comprensión de persona ­la distingue sí de los conceptos "individuo", "sujeto" y "espíritu­, pese a que se sirve de aquella como de uno de los pilares más significativos de su pensamiento. Los resultados obtenidos evidencian la complejidad de factores conceptuales, que demuestran que el yo tiene su fundamento último en el acto libre del amor infinito, que como tal constituye la persona desde el dinamismo intradivino de las relaciones opuestas entre Padre, Hijo y Espíritu SantoThis paper regards the concept of person as a concrete singularity in Hans Urs Von Balthasar's work. Such concept rose after a deep analytical reading of his voluminous work, in the light of the guiding question; Why am I, precisely I? The Swiss theologian distinguishes person from the concepts "individual", "subject" and "spirit", but he never synthesises his understanding of person, even though he uses it as one of the most significant pillars of his thought. The results obtained from the research confirm the complexity of the conceptual factors, which show that one's self has its deepest foundation in the free act of the infinite love, which as such, constitutes the person from the intra-divine dynamism of the opposed relations between the Father, Son and Holy Spirit

  15. Association of inflammatory gene polymorphisms with ischemic stroke in a Chinese Han population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Nan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Inflammatory mechanisms are important in stroke risk, and genetic variations in components of the inflammatory response have been implicated as risk factors for stroke. We tested the inflammatory gene polymorphisms and their association with ischemic stroke in a Chinese Han population. Methods A total of 1,124 ischemic stroke cases and 1,163 controls were genotyped with inflammatory panel strips containing 51 selected inflammatory gene polymorphisms from 35 candidate genes. We tested the genotype-stroke association with logistic regression model. Results We found two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in CCL11 were associated with ischemic stroke. After adjusting for multiple testing using false discovery rate (FDR with a 0.20 cut-off point, CCL11 rs4795895 remained statistically significant. We further stratified the study population by their hypertension status. In the hypertensive group, CCR2 rs1799864, CCR5 rs1799987 and CCL11 rs4795895 were nominally associated with increased risk of stroke. In the non-hypertensive group, CCL11 rs3744508, LTC4S rs730012, FCER1B rs569108, TGFB1 rs1800469, LTA rs909253 and CCL11 rs4795895 were associated with ischemic stroke. After correction for multiple testing, CCR2 rs1799864 and CCR5 rs1799987 remained significant in the hypertensive group, and CCL11 rs3744508, LTC4S rs730012, FCER1B rs569108, TGFB1 rs1800469, LTA rs909253 remained significant in the non-hypertensive group. Conclusions Our results indicate that inflammatory genetic variants are associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke in a Chinese Han population, particularly in non-hypertensive individuals.

  16. Genetic susceptibility to ulcerative colitis in the Chinese Han ethnic population: association with TNF polymorphisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Qian; ZHU Qin; WU Min-liang; HU Wei-ling; GAO Min; SI Jian-min

    2006-01-01

    Background Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) is an important proinflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Recent studies have evaluated the role of TNF promoter polymorphisms in IBD, whereas the data are inconsistent. Trans-racial mapping in an ethnically distinct but homogenous population may help clarify these associations. We investigate the association between TNF promoter polymorphisms and susceptibility to ulcerative colitis (UC) in the Chinese Han ethnic population.Methods We studied 110 unrelated UC patients and 292 healthy controls from Zhejiang Province, China.Genotyping for 6 common TNF promoter polymorphisms (TNF -1031T/C, -863C/A, -857C/T, -380G/A,-308G/A, -238G/A) was carried out by polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP).Results TNF-308A was associated with disease (allele frequency patients 14.6% vs controls 8.9%, P=0.02).TNF -857T was increased in patients but without statistical significance (allele frequency 17.3% vs 12.2%,P=0.06). Haplotype analysis revealed 6 haplotypes including two (H5 and H3), which contained TNF -308A. H5was associated with disease (haplotype frequency patients -12.3% vs controls 7.5%, P=0.03). Of note the rare haplotype H3 has not previously been identified in Caucasian populations. Homozygosity for the haplotype H4comprising the common alleles at each TNF promoter single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was negatively associated with disease (patients vs controls 24.5% vs 34.9%, P<0.05).Conclusions We report the association with TNF -308A polymorphisms in Chinese patients with ulcerative colitis. The functional study in Chinese Han ethnic population is now required.

  17. A single nucleotide polymorphism of the TNRC9 gene associated with breast cancer risk in Chinese Han women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, F; Zhou, J; Xue, Y; Yang, S; Xiong, M; Li, Y; Liu, Q

    2014-01-01

    A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the TNRC9 gene was identified as a breast cancer susceptibility genetic variant in recent genome-wide association studies of women of European ancestry. We investigated whether TNRC9 polymorphisms are associated with risk of breast cancer in Chinese women of the Han nationality. We genotyped the SNPs rs3803662, rs1362548, rs1123428 in 870 women, including 388 breast cancer patients and 482 healthy controls, via the PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism procedure and by sequence detection. We found that the T allele and the TT genotype of the SNP rs38033662 is significantly associated with risk for breast cancer in Chinese Han women; however, no significant association was found for rs1362548 or rs1123428. We conclude that SNP rs3803662 is a putative risk factor for breast cancer in Chinese Han women.

  18. Study on the adult physique with the Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype in the Han of Xi'an, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Li-Tao; Wang, Ning; Li, Zeng-Xian; Liu, Cui; He, Xin; Zhang, Jian-Fei; Han, Hua; Wen, You-Feng; Qian, Yi-Hua; Xi, Huan-Jiu

    2016-03-01

    The study of somatotypes has important significance for medical and physical anthropology as well as sports science. The aim of this study was to understand the somatotype components of the Han population in Xi'an and compare the somatotypes of the Han and five other nationalities in China. The study sample consisted of 429 people of Han nationality (207 males, 222 females) from Xi'an, China, aged ≥20 years old. The Heath-Carter anthropometric method was employed. We evaluated the differences in age and sex by one-way ANOVA and t test. A comparison of somatotypes between the Han and other nationalities was made using the U test. The results showed that the male and female samples all could be classified as having a mesomorphic endomorph profile. The difference in endomorphy was strongest between sexes in all age groups (P < 0.01). There were prominent differences in mesomorphy and ectomorphy between males and females in the 50-59- and ≥60-year-old age groups. In females, the differences in somatotype components appeared to be distinguished between ages (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). However, in males, there were prominent differences in somatotype components between the 20-29 year olds and all other age groups (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) except for between those 20-29 and ≥60 years old in endomorphy. Compared with the other five nationalities, there were prominent differences in somatotype components between males and females. These results suggest that the somatotype of the Han population in Xi'an, China, has a predominantly mesomorphic endomorph profile. The endomorphic component shows distinct differences between ages and genders, respectively. Additionally, there are distinct differences in the somatotype components between Xi'an Han and five other nationalities in China in males and females.

  19. Corneal endothelial cell density and morphology and central corneal thickness in Guangxi Maonan and Han adolescent students of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hao; Liang; Hui-Yi; Zuo; Jin-Mao; Chen; Jie; Cai; Yu-Zhua; Qin; Yu-Ping; Huang; Ying-Ying; Chen; Dong-Yong; Tang; Shao-Jian; Tan

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the corneal endothelial cell density and morphology and central corneal thickness in the Guangxi Maonan and Han adolescent students of China.METHODS: Noncontact specular microscope(Topcon SP3000 P, Tokyo, Japan) was performed in 133 adolescent students of Maonan nationality(M:F 54:79)and 105 adolescent students of Han nationality(M:F 50:55),5 to 20 y of age, who were randomly selected from 3schools in Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China.Parameters studied included endothelial cell density,mean cell area, coefficient of variation in cell size,percentage hexagonality and central corneal thickness. RESULTS: Endothelial cell density, mean cell area,coefficient of variation in cell size, percentage hexagonality and central corneal thickness in the study population were(2969.50 ±253.93) cells/mm2,(339.23 ±29.44) μm2,(29.96 ±4.07) %,(64.58 ±9.41) % and(523.71 ±32.82) μm in Maonan and(2998.26 ±262.65) cells/mm2,(336.11±30.07) μm2,(29.89±5.03) %,(64.91±11.64) % and(524.39 ±33.15) μm in Han, respectively. No significant differences were observed in endothelial cell density,mean cell area, coefficient of variation in cell size,percentage hexagonality and central corneal thickness between Maonan and Han(P =0.615, 0.659, 0.528, 0.551,0.999). In Maonan and Han, we found age was negatively correlated with endothelial cell density and percentagehexagonality and positively correlated with mean cell area and coefficient of variation in cell size. Negative correlation was also found between central corneal thickness and age in Han, whereas no correlation was found in Maonan. CONCLUSION: There were no differences between Maonan and Han in corneal endothelial cell density and morphology and central corneal thickness. In these two nationalities, there were statistically significant decrease in endothelial cell density and percentage hexagonality with increasing age and statistically significant increase in

  20. TNFR 2 M196R Polymorphism and Acne Vulgaris in Han Chinese:A Case-control Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田黎明; 谢红付; 杨婷; 胡耀华; 李吉; 王玮蓁

    2010-01-01

    In this case-control study,the relationship between M196R(676 T→G) variant in exon 6 of tumor necrosis factor receptor type 2(TNFR2) gene and genetic susceptibility of acne vulgaris in Han Chinese was investigated.A total of 93 acne vulgaris patients and 90 healthy subjects from Han Chinese ethnic group were enrolled in this study.Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP) technique was adopted to analyze the single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) of TNFR2 M196R gene,and to ...

  1. Nietzsche se uitspraak God-is-dood, en die interpretasievoorstelle van Hans Küng en Jürgen Moltmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. J. Groenewald

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Nietzsche's theorem 'God-is-dead' and the reading models of HansKüng and Jürgen Moltmann. In this article the meaning and significance of Nietzsche's theorem 'God-is-dead' is examined. Through the reading models of Hans Küng and Jürgen Moltmann, an atempt is made to indicate that Nietzsche did not per se acknowledged or denied the existence of God. These reading models, although different, eliminate vaious theological misunderstandings and misinterpretations. This is important for the current theological debate.

  2. Trump har droppet fløjlshandskerne, nu da han er slået tilbage til start

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella

    2016-01-01

    Donald Trump vandt primærvalget ved hjælp af personangreb. I præsidentvalgkampens slutspurt har han nu taget den strategi op igen, selvom alle dømte den ude – og det er måske slet ikke så dumt, for det er det, Trump kan......Donald Trump vandt primærvalget ved hjælp af personangreb. I præsidentvalgkampens slutspurt har han nu taget den strategi op igen, selvom alle dømte den ude – og det er måske slet ikke så dumt, for det er det, Trump kan...

  3. El bien entre Aristóteles y Freud: la inversión del pensamiento psicoanalítico en la dimensión ética. // The final good between Aristotle and Freud: psychoanalytical thought reversal in the ethical dimension.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Andrea Pérez Herrera.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting with a brief introduction to the philosophical conception of the final good and the good, the author presents Freud’s reversal from a psychoanalytical approach as shown by Lacan in Seminar 7, passing from the question of the good to the function of the good in the ethical dimension of psychoanalysis. // En el presente artículo se desarrolla un breve recorrido en la concepción filosófica de el bien y lo bueno, para exponer la inversión hecha por Freud desde el psicoanálisis y mostrada por Lacan en el Seminario 7, pasando de la cuestión de el bien a la función del bien en la dimensión ética del psicoanálisis.

  4. Compliment Commentary of the Book ofLater Han and Scholar Spirit of Eastern Han%《后汉书》序论赞与东汉士林精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭利辉

    2014-01-01

    中国士人自古就有以道自任之传统,但其作为整体力量的发抒,则是在东汉一朝。东汉士林在与外戚、宦官针锋相对的斗争中显示出直面生死、抗愤奸邪的勇气,谱写了一曲士林的正气之歌。范晔《后汉书》序论赞对东汉士林精神作了历史性阐发,对后世士人精神气骨有很大的溉养之功。%Scholars of China have a good tradition of dedicating themselves to Tao.They make a show of whole force in Eastern Han.When they wage tit-for-tat struggle against eunuch and the relatives of an emperor on side of his mother or wife,scholars of Eastern Han show courage of facing death unflinchingly.Compliment com-mentary of the Book ofLater Han elucidate historic to scholars’spirit of Eastern Han,composing a healthy trend melody of scholars and having deep effect on scholars’spirit of later ages.

  5. The Comparative Study of Han Xin’ s Description in Historical Records and History of Han Dynasty%《史记》《汉书》韩信史事比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李峰; 王雪娇

    2015-01-01

    History of Han Dynasty recorded in the prequel Emperor Wu Di of Han dynasty. Additions and deletions to“The Re⁃cords of the Grand Historian”, the description of Han Xin is no exception. Through the related comparison of “The Records of the Grand Historian ” and History of Han Dynasty about Han Xin in the records it is found that Ban Gu made changes to the original, mainly for the addition, deletion and revision. Reading between the lines presents the history and characters of different cognitive e⁃valuation. At the same time, the writing styles of the two authors have different features, in the account of Han Xin’ s real-time bright performance. From the subtlety to start with Han Xin’ s analysis of the similarities and differences between Sima Qian and Ban Gu’ s narration, the different historical connotation is the focus of the paper.%《汉书》记载汉武帝以前纪传,多在引用《史记》原有材料的基础上进行增删补充,其对于韩信的记述也不例外。通过比较《史》《汉》中与韩信有关的历史撰述可发现,班固在摘录旧文时因材料取舍标准不同及个人治史思想差异而进行改动,其变更表现为增、删、改三方面,并于文字变化中呈现出与司马迁不同的史事认知和人物评价。同时,两位作者的语言文笔各有特点,这在记写韩信相关史实时表现鲜明。从细微处入手,以韩信为切入点剖析班马异同,有针对性地分析所考篇章不同处的史学内涵。

  6. Establishment of the Method of Immunohistochemistry Assay for the Detection of Scrapie in Chinese Short-Tailed Han Sheep by Monoclonal Antibody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The method of immunohistochemistry assay for the detection of scrapie in Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep was established using monoclonal antibody. Genomic DNA was isolated from Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep blood. Using the polymerase chain reaction technique, PrP27-30 gene sequence was amplified from Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep genomic DNA. By recombinant DNA technology, the recombinant protein of Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep PrP27-30 was obtained. Then, using standard methodology of myeloma cell fusion, a panel of monoclonal antibodies was generated. With mAbs, scrapie in Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep was detected by immunohistochemistry assay. The recombinant protein of Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep PrP27-30 was obtained and a panel of six hybridoma cell lines secreting specific antibodies to Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep PrP27-30 related to scrapie was obtained with one fusion between myeloma Sp2/0 and spleen cells from mice immunized with the purified recombinant protein. Four hybridoma cell lines can be used in immunohistochemistry assay for the detection of scrapie in Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep. So that the special monoclonal antibody developed in author's institute can be used to detect PrPsc of scrapie in Chinese Short-tailed Han sheep by immunohistochemistry in China.

  7. Contribution of the Akt2 gene to type 2 diabetes in the Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Xiu-qin; LUO Ying-ying; AN Ling-wang; CHU Lin; HUO Li-li; HAN Xue-yao; ZHOU Xiang-hai; REN Qian; JI Li-nong

    2011-01-01

    Background The Akt2 protein kinase is thought to be a key mediator of the insulin signal transduction process. Akt2 is suggested to play a role in glucose metabolism and the development or maintenance of proper adipose tissue and islet mass. In order to determine whether the Akt2 gene plays a role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes characterized by insulin resistance, and to further identify if variations in this gene have a relationship with type 2 diabetes, we sequenced the entire coding region and splice junctions of Akt2 and made a further case-control study to explore the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in this gene and type 2 diabetes in the Chinese Han population.Methods We selected 23 probands with a type 2 diabetic pedigree whose family members' average onset age was within 25 to 45 years old. The body mass index of all the participants was lower than 28 kg/m2 and all of them were insulin-resistant (the fasting insulin level >100 pmol/L or 16 μlU/ml). The entire coding region and splice junctions of Akt2 were directly sequenced in these 23 probands. SNPs with a frequency of minor allele over 20 percent were selected to be further studied in a case-control study. We chose 743 non-diabetic subjects as the control group and 742 type 2 diabetic patients as the case group. All these subjects were genotyped. A Snapshot Technology Platform (Applied Biosystems) was used for genotyping.Results The Akt2 genes from all 23 subjects were successfully sequenced. We did not identify any mutation in the type 2 diabetic pedigree. Two SNPs were identified, 13010323T>C and 13007939G>T. 13010323T>C was in intron 9, which was the location of rs2304188 reported in Genbank. Its minor allele frequency was 13.04%. 13007939G>T was in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of exon 14, which was the location of rs2304186 reported in Genbank. Its minor allele frequency was 34.78%. The allele frequency of rs2304188 and rs2304186 were consistent with

  8. Valoración de bienes rústicos de utilidad pública: La expropiación forzosa por las obras del AVE en la provincia de León

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pilar Gutiérrez Flórez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Con motivo de la expropiación forzosa de fincas en la provincia de León debido a las obras del Tren de Alta Velocidad, AVE, los propietarios de ochenta y dos fincas de los Ayuntamientos de Villanueva de las Manzanas, Santas Martas y Vega de Infanzones, solicitaron un estudio de valoración alternativo de las mismas para presentarlo, en forma de alegaciones individuales, al Jurado Provincial de Expropiación Forzosa de León, tal y como es su derecho, según la Ley de Expropiación Forzosa, LEF, por su desacuerdo con la oferta de la Entidad Expropiante.En este artículo se presenta el método, se justifican los criterios de valoración, se presentan y analizan los resultados obtenidos y se elaboran las conclusiones a partir de los informes individuales, tras el reconocimiento de los terrenos afectados y su entorno, en base a datos obtenidos bien sea de la propia entidad expropiante bien de la normativa autonómica en vigor en el momento de la expropiación, o bien de la Ley del Suelo 8/2007 en lo referente a la toma de decisiones para el planteamiento de las hipótesis de partida del estudio.Por último, se justifican la tasa del tipo de interés utilizado para la Capitalización de las rentas, en base a normativa vigente o estudios oficiales, y el coeficiente multiplicador del valor de las mismas, según los modelos territoriales de situación respecto a un núcleo urbano, ambos parámetros necesarios para determinar el valor de las parcelas.On the occasion of the necessary expropriation of lands in the province of León due to the works of the High-speed train, AVE (HIGH SPEED TRAIN, the owners of eighty two plots of Villanueva de las Manzanas, Santas Martas and Vega de Infanzones, requested an choice study of valuation of the same ones it to present, in the individual allegations, to the Provincial Juror of Necessary Expropriation of León, as it is your choice, according to the Spanish Law of Necessary Expropriation, LEF, for your

  9. Síndrome de Rett: 50 años de historia de un trastorno aun no bien conocido Rett syndrome: 50 years' history of a still not well known condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Campos-Castello

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde que fue descrito por primera vez por Andreas Rett hace 50 años, el síndrome de Rett (SR ha sido objeto de muchas investigaciones, sin embargo continúa siendo un trastorno aún no bien conocido. Presentamos nuestra propia experiencia y una revisión de la literatura sobre el SR. Se trata de un trastorno del neurodesarrollo, dominante ligado a X, que afecta casi siempre a mujeres, la mayoría de los casos de forma esporádica. El diagnóstico de SR debe hacerse en base a la observación clínica. Las principales características son la aparición de un retraso mental, cambios conductuales, estereotipias, pérdida del lenguaje y, sobre todo, del uso propositivo de las manos, aparición de una apraxia de la marcha, presencia de alteraciones de la respiración y, frecuentemente, crisis epilépticas. Los criterios diagnósticos consensuados internacionalmente son aquí revisados. El SR se debe en la mayoría de casos a mutaciones del gen MECP2, si bien una proporción de casos atípicos puede estar causada por mutaciones de CDKL5, particularmente la variante con epilepsia precoz. Sin embargo, los mecanismos patogénicos moleculares no son bien conocidos, así como la relación entre las mutaciones de MECP2 y otros trastornos del desarrollo. Revisamos también los hallazgos de neuroimagen, neuropatológicos y neurobioquímicos descritos en el SR. Respecto al tratamiento, aparte del sintomático, no hay ninguno que se haya mostrado eficaz. Un trabajo reciente abre perspectivas terapéuticas futuras al haber demostrado mediante un modelo animal de ratón la reversión de los síntomas neurológicos mediante la activación de la expresión de MeCP2.Since it was first described by Andrea Rett 50 years ago, Rett syndrome (RS has been the subject of further investigations, nonetheless it continues to be a not well known condition. Our own experience and an updated literature review on RS is presented. RS is a severe dominant X chromosome

  10. Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with impaired glucose metabolism in Han Chinese subjects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Chen-juan; LI Min; LI Qing-yun; LI Ning; SHI Guo-chao; WAN Huan-ying

    2013-01-01

    Background Increasingly,evidence from population,clinic-based and laboratory studies supports an independent association between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes; however,this observation has yet to be replicated in China and the potential mechanisms that link these two conditions are not clear.Methods A total of 179 Han Chinese subjects were enrolled in this study.All subjects underwent polysomnography,the oral glucose tolerance-insulin releasing test (OGTT-IRT) and serum HbA1c measurement.Indexes including homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR),Matsuda index,HOMA-β,early phase insulinogenic index (△I30 / △G30),AUC-I180 and oral disposition index (DIo) were calculated for the assessment of insulin resistance and pancreatic β-cell function.Results Based on OGTT,25.4%,44.6% and 54.5% subjects were diagnosed having glucose metabolic disorders respectively in control,mild to moderate and severe OSAS groups (P <0.05).Serum HbA1c levels were highest in subjects with severe OSAS (P <0.05).In contrast,compared with normal subjects,HOMA-β,△I30/△G30 and DIo were lower in severe OSAS group (P <0.05).In stepwise multiple linear regressions,0-min glucose and HbA1c were positively correlated with the percentage of total sleep time below an oxyhemoglobin saturation of 90% (T90) (Beta =0.215 and 0.368,P <0.05); 30-min and 60-min glucose was negatively correlated with the lowest SpO2 (LSpO2) (Beta =-0.214 and -0.241,P <0.05).HOMA-β and Dlowere negatively correlated with T90 (Beta =-0.153 and-0.169,P <0.05) while body mass index (BMI) was the only determinant of HOMA-IR and Matsuda index.Conclusions OSAS is associated with impairment in glucose tolerance and pancreatic β-cell function in Han Chinese subjects while insulin sensitivity is mainly determined by obesity.

  11. Association between TGFBR2 gene polymorphisms and congenital heart defects in Han Chinese population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Fuhua; Li, Li; Shen, Chong; Wang, Hairu; Chen, Jinfeng; Chen, Wen; Chen, Xin

    2014-10-31

    Antecedentes: Factor de crecimiento transformante receptor II (TGFBR2) es un componente clave de la via de señalización de TGF - .TGFBR2 puede ser detectado en la generación de corazón. Los embriones de ratón de TGFBR2 gene knockout mostraron defectos congénitos del corazon. Métodos: Hemos realizado un estudio de casos y controles para investigar la asociación entre polimorfismos del gen TGFBR2 y defectos congénitos del corazón en la población china han. 125 pacientes con defectos congénitos del corazón y 615 unrelated controles fueron reclutados. Marcado de dos polimorfismos de nucleótido único (tagsnps) en 5 ‘aguas arriba del gen TGFBR2 (rs6785358, - 3779a / g; rs764522, - 1444c / g) fueron seleccionados y genotipados por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) - polimorfismos de longitud de fragmentos de restricción (RFLP) de ensayo. Resultados: Se observó una diferencia significativa en la distribución de genotipos entre pacientes con defectos congénitos del corazón y controles para SNP rs6785358 (P = 0043). La SNP rs6785358 el porteador del alelo G (AG / GG genotipo) mostraron un importante crecimiento y mayor riesgo de defectos congénitos del corazón en comparación con AA homocigotos (OR = 1.545, IC del 95%: 1.013–2.356). Más análisis por sexo estratificación indicó que los individuos con alelo G (AG / GG genotipo) para SNP rs6785358 tienen una mayor susceptibilidad a defectos congénitos del corazón (OR = 2.088, IC del 95%: 1.123-3.883, p = 0.019) en machos, pero no en las mujeres (OR = 1.195, IC del 95%: 0.666-2.146, p = 0.55). No hay significación estadística fue detectado en la distribución de los genotipos y frecuencias de alelos de SNP rs764522 entre pacientes y controles. Conclusión: Nuestros resultados sugieren que el SNP rs6785358 de gen TGFBR2 se asoció con un mayor riesgo de defectos congénitos del corazón en los chinos han hombres y más investigación estaría justificada.

  12. [The disease and treatment of the frontline soldiers in Han dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Hookie

    2015-04-01

    This paper purports to identify and analyze the medical information of the frontline soldiers in the Northwest borderland provinces of Han Dynasty, especially Juyan and Dunhuang region, through an heuristic reading of the Juyan Bamboo Slips and the Dunhuang Bamboo Slips of the Han Dynasty. My findings are as follows. The most frequent disease found in the bamboo slips was the external injury. The injury of the frontline soldiers mainly occurred from the quarrels among armed soldiers using weapons. The bamboo slips also demonstrate that the quarrels usually arose due to the fierce tension caused by the frontier line service such as heavy guard activity and labour duty. Undernourishment and chronic stress the soldiers suffered might be another reasons. The second most common disease harassing the soldiers was exogenous febrile disease. In most cases reviewed in this paper, the exogenous febrile disease was usually concurrent with complex symptoms such as chills, fever, headache, etc. The bamboo slips show that the exogenous febrile disease was related to the harsh climate of the Northwest provinces, featuring extremely dry weather and the large magnitude of diurnal temperature fluctuations. In addition, the annual temperature range in the Northwest province was huge, fluctuating between very cold and dry winter and very hot and dry summer. The third most common disease this study identified was the disorder of the digestive system and respiratory system. However, these two types of disease were virtually indistinguishable in the bamboo slips, because the ancient Chinese chroniclers did not distinguish them, usually dubbing both diseases simply 'abdominal pain.' It should be mentioned that a few slips mention contagious disease such as dysentery and dermatolosis, and sudden death, as well. Overall, the bamboo slips demonstrate extremely poor status of the soldiers' heath condition and poor medical environment surrounding the soldiers stationing in the Northwest

  13. Hepatocyte growth factor genetic variations and primary angle-closure glaucoma in the Han Chinese population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengxuan Jiang

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine whether or not hepatocyte growth factor (HGF genetic variations are associated with susceptibility to primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG in the Han Chinese population. METHODS: Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs-rs5745718, rs17427817, and rs3735520-in the HGF gene were genotyped in 238 adult patients with PACG and 287 age-, sex-, and ethnically matched healthy controls by using a polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Data was analyzed by χ(2 analysis. RESULTS: The three tested analyzed polymorphisms in the HGF gene were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, in all the subjects. The frequencies of the genotype and allele of rs5745718 and rs1742817 in the HGF gene were significantly different between the PACG patients and the controls. On one hand, the frequencies of the CC genotype and C allele of rs5745718 were significantly decreased in PACG patients compared with controls (Pc = 1.40×10(-3; Pc = 3.21×10(-4, respectively; however, on the other hand, significantly decreased frequencies of the GG genotype and the G allele of rs17427817 were observed in PACG patients compared with the controls (Pc = 0.006,; Pc = 6.06×10(-4, respectively. A comparison of the distributions of the genotypes and alleles of rs3735520 showed no statistically significant differences between the PACG patients and the controls (pc>0.05. The haplotype analysis results showed that the CGC haplotype frequency was significantly decreased in the patients with PACG compared with the controls (pc<0.001. No difference was detected between the patients and the controls with regard to the other haplotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that rs5745718 and rs17427817 are associated with a decreased risk of PACG in the Chinese Han population. The CGC haplotype was demonstrated to possibly play a protective role against PACG in this population.

  14. Maps of Relocation and Poems of Tang Dynasty Poets: Li Bai, Du Fu, and Han Yu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    羅鳳珠、白璧玲、廖泫銘、范毅軍 、鄭錦全 Feng-Ju Lo,Pi-Ling Pai,Hsiung-Ming Liao,I-Chun Fan,Chin-Chuan Cheng

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Geographic environments affect literary contents and genre and thus, since ancient times, geographical area has been used to classify Chinese literature. In 1936 Liang Qichao was keenly aware of the relationship between literature and geography and brought up the idea of “literarygeography”. In 1979 Professor Chen Zhengxiang produced maps of birthplaces of Tang and Song poets to show the shift of Chinese cultural center from north to south. Furthermore, in the pastdecade, the attention to research in literary geography and geographical distribution of writersgradually increased. However, most studies focused on geographical distribution of birthplaces of writers and very few focused on the relationship between poets’ journey and the contents of their writings and their geographic environment. Meanwhile, geographic information system and aerialphotography have developed quickly and have become useful tools for the study of literary geography.Since then, the academic circles in Taiwan have built a solid foundation in this area. While Li Baiand Du Fu were called poetic immortal and poetic sage of the middle and end periods of the heydayof Tang Dynasty, respectively, Han Yu advocated the classical Chinese movement and becameone of the eight great authors of Tang and Song dynasties. Han Yu was also the best representative of Middle Tang poets. While the styles of these three poets differed from each other, they held key positions in the development and evolution of Tang poetry. Their footprints spread all over the countryand greatly affected later developments and contemporary of poetry. This project makes use of the digital Tang Dynasty maps by Tan Qixiang, Tang Dynasty transportation route maps by Yan Gengwang,aerial maps, the All Tang Poems, and chronicles of the poets to build the three poets’ relocation maps and study their poetic literature, language, geography, and interactions with others, in hopesof opening a new research direction

  15. New insights from GWAS for the cleft palate among han Chinese population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Shi-Jun; Huang, Ning; Zhang, Bi-He; Shi, Jia-Yu; He, Sha; Ma, Jian; Yu, Qiong-Qiong; Shi, Bing

    2017-01-01

    Background Genome wide association studies (GWAS) already have identified tens of susceptible loci for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P). However, whether these loci associated with nonsyndromic cleft palate only (NSCPO) remains unknown. Material and Methods In this study, we replicated 38 SNPs (Single nucleotide polymorphisms) which has the most significant p values in published GWASs, genotyping by using SNPscan among 144 NSCPO trios from Western Han Chinese. We performed the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) on individual SNPs and gene-gene (GxG) interaction analyses on the family data; Parent-of-Origin effects were assessed by separately considering transmissions from heterozygous fathers versus heterozygous mothers to affected offspring. Results Allelic TDT results showed that T allele at rs742071 (PAX7) (p=0.025, ORtransmission=3.00, 95%CI: 1.09-8.25) and G allele at rs2485893 (10kb 3’ of SYT14) were associated with NSCPO (p=0.0036, ORtransmission= 0.60, 95%CI: 0.42-0.85). Genotypic TDT based on 3 pseudo controls further confirmed that rs742071 (p-value=0.03, ORtransmission=3.00, 95%CI: 1.09-8.25) and rs2485893 were associated with NSCPO under additive model (p-value= 0.02, ORtransmission= 0.66, 95%CI: 0.47-0.92). Genotypic TDT for epistatic interactions showed that rs4844913 (37kb 3’ of DIEXF) interacted with rs11119388 (SYT14) (p-value=1.80E-08) and rs6072081 (53kb 3’ of MAFB) interacted with rs6102085 (33kb 3’ of MAFB) (p-value=3.60E-04) for NSCPO, suggesting they may act in the same pathway in the etiology of NSCPO. Conclusions In this study, we found that rs742071 and rs2485893 were associated NSCPO from Han Chinese population; also, interactions of rs4844913:rs11119388 and rs6072081:rs6102085 for NSCPO were identified, gene-gene interactions have been proposed as a potential source of the remaining heritability, these findings provided new insights of the previous GWAS. Key words:GWAS, NSCPO, TDT, parent

  16. Recht en vrede bij Hans Kelsen : een herwaardering van Kelsens rechtsfilosofie : juridisch pacifisme als stilzwijgende betekenis van zijn Zuivere Rechtsleer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Notermans, Mathijs Eugène

    2016-01-01

    Hans Kelsen staat in de wereld van de rechtsfilosofie en –theorie bekend als één van de belangrijkste rechtsgeleerden van de 20ste eeuw en zijn belangrijkste werk dat hem die bekendheid heeft opgeleverd, de Reine Rechtslehre, is dan ook ‘wereldberoemd’. Minder bekendheid geniet hij als juridisch pac

  17. Analysis of the CHRNA7 gene mutation and polymorphism in Southern Han Chinese patients with nocturnal frontal epilepsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-Hong Chen; Chun Wang; Lin-Gan Wang; Mu-Qing Zhuo; Zhi-Hong Tang; Qiong-Xiang Zhai; Qian Chen; Yu-Xiong Guo; Yu-Xin Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To detect the CHRNA7 gene mutation and polymorphism in Southern Han Chinese patients with nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE). Methods: Blood samples were collected from 215 Southern Han Chinese patients with NFLE and 200 healthy Southern Han Chinese control subjects. Genomic DNA was extracted, and CHRNA7 whole genome exons were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction and subjected to Sanger sequencing. Results:No CHRNA7 gene mutation was detected in all of the NFLE patients. However, five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in sporadic cases were found, located in exons 5, 6, and 7 of the CHRNA7 gene. Among them, c.690G>A and c.698A>G are known SNPs, while c.370G>A, c.654C>T, and c.497-498delTG were newly discovered SNPs. These SNPs were also found in some of the healthy controls. Conclusions: No CHRNA7 gene mutation was identified in Southern Han Chinese patients with NFLE. The CHRNA7 gene is probably not responsible for NFLE in this population.

  18. Hans Teiv : Eesti Postile peab jääma sotsiaalne mõõde / Ain Lember

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lember, Ain

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Posti juhatuse esimehe kohalt vabastatud Hans Teivi sõnul lahkus ta ametist, kuna tema nägemus Eesti Postist kui olulist sotsiaalset tähtsust omavast ettevõttest ei lähe kokku ärilist poolt peatähtsaks pidava suunaga

  19. The common single-nucleotide polymorphism rs2681472 is associated with early-onset preeclampsia in Northern Han Chinese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Ji-Peng; Wang, Hong; Li, Chang-Zhong; Zhao, Han; You, Li; Shi, Dong-Hong; Sun, Xiu-Hua; Lv, Hong; Wang, Fei; Wen, Ze-Qing; Wang, Xie-Tong; Chen, Zi-Jiang

    2014-11-01

    Preeclampsia, characterized by hypertension and proteinuria, remains a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Recently, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified the single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs2681472, as a new hypertension susceptibility genetic variant. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between preeclampsia and rs268172 in a Northern Han Chinese population. We genotyped 1218 unrelated Northern Han Chinese women, including 515 patients with preeclampsia and 703 healthy controls. No significant differences were detected in the allele frequencies between patients and controls (P = .23). When patients were divided into early-onset and late-onset preeclampsia according to gestational age of disease onset, the allele frequencies significantly differed between controls and patients with early-onset preeclampsia (P = .02). Genotype frequencies also were significantly different between controls and patients early-onset preeclampsia when data were analyzed under additive (P = .03) and dominant (P = .009) models. We replicated this association in an independent Northern Han Chinese population and observed a significant difference in the allele frequencies between patients with early-onset preeclampsia and controls (P = .011). We report that rs2681472 is associated with early-onset preeclampsia in Northern Han Chinese women.

  20. Pärast rahvahääletust Iirimaal - Qua vadis, euroopa? / Hans-Gert Pöttering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pöttering, Hans-Gert, 1945-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi presidendi Hans-Gert Pötteringi sõnul reformilepingu vastu võtmine on hädavajalik selleks, et EL saaks 21. sajandil kaitsta oma huve ja väärtusi. Lissaboni lepingus ettenähtud reformideta on uute riikide liitumine EL-ga vaevalt et võimalik