Sample records for bibliotherapy

  1. Bibliotherapy for Gifted Children. (United States)

    Jeon, Kyung-Won


    This paper presents bibliotherapy as a feasible method for preventing or curing problems of gifted and talented youngsters. It describes stages in bibliotherapy, examines who can benefit from bibliotherapy, discusses ways in which bibliotherapy may benefit gifted students, and outlines steps in implementing a bibliotherapy program. (JDD)

  2. Bibliotherapy in Practice. (United States)

    Elser, Helen


    Relates librarian's experiences in a mental patients' library program which is centered around the concept of bibliotherapy (use of selected reading materials as therapeutic tools). Bibliotherapy in a mental hospital setting, types of bibliotherapy groups, library materials, and librarian training are discussed. Twenty references are included.…

  3. Bibliotherapy: Does It Work? (United States)

    Riordan, Richard J.; Wilson, Linda S.


    Updates the research on bibliotherapy. Concludes that research is offering base of bibliotherapy sources that have met at least minimal empirical validation; fiction, poetry, and inspirational sources are essentially unvalidated; and an increased interest in bibliotherapy is evidenced among practitioners. (Author/ABL)

  4. Bibliotherapy. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Abdullah, Mardziah Hayati

    This digest suggests that bibliotherapy is a potentially powerful method for school teachers and counselors to use on many levels and in every school grade. It begins with a brief review of the history of bibliotherapy; continues with a discussion of some approaches to bibliotherapy (interactive, clinical, and developmental); then addresses the…

  5. Bibliotherapy. Fact Sheet. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    A definition of bibliotherapy, who should conduct it, when and how it can be used, and some limitations are briefly addressed. Identification, catharsis, and insight are described as the three processes taking place in bibliotherapy. A list of techniques for accurately determining the needs of students, basic procedures in conducting…

  6. Bibliotherapy--The Interactive Process. (United States)

    Hynes, Arleen McCarty


    Discusses the similarities between what librarians call activity bibliotherapy and psychotherapists call poetry therapy, and the need for cooperation between these professions. The interactive aspects of bibliotherapy and the need for professional training in this process are emphasized. (CLB)

  7. Bibliotherapy in social pedagogical work


    Jelen, Tamara


    The thesis deals with bibliotherapy as an intervention, which can be used by social pedagogue in his work. Bibliotherapy is defined through its history and the areas where it is used, mainly in Slovenia. To understand the concept further there is a need for more detailed definition, therefore part is also dedicated to different forms of bibliotherapy, its goals and the process as defined by various authors and the comparison between them. But to explain bibliotherapy in the context of social ...

  8. Bibliotherapy for depression. (United States)

    Usher, Tegan


    Bibliotherapy can be used to treat mild to moderate depression or subthreshold depressive symptoms, as a sole or supplementary therapy. Bibliotherapy is a form of guided self-help. The patient works through a structured book, independently from the doctor. The role of the doctor is to support and motivate the patient as they continue through the book and to help clarify any questions or concerns the patient may have. Relevant books can be purchased or often borrowed from a library, with limited cost and good accessibility from a patient perspective. Patients need to have a reading age above 12 years and have a positive attitude toward self-help. Bibliotherapy has NHMRC Level 1 evidence of efficacy and no serious adverse effects have been reported. This article forms part of a series on non-drug treatments, which summarise the indications, considerations and the evidence, and where clinicians and patients can find further information.

  9. Bibliotherapy: An Overview and the Librarian's Role. (United States)

    Chadbourne, Sherry P.

    This document describes a literature search on bibliotherapy, discusses historical development and current trends in bibliotherapy, details the educational aims of bibliotherapy, and explores the part librarians should play in bibliotherapy, particularly when working with children and adolescents. Also included are a selected, annotated…

  10. Bibliotherapy with Preadolescents Experiencing Divorce (United States)

    Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth; Allen, Virginia B.; Folger, Wendy A.; McMillen, Paula S.; Lowe, Imelda


    Preadolescence is a challenging developmental stage, but when complicated or threatened by the effects of family dissolution or divorce, the challenges can be overwhelming. Such youngsters often need and can benefit from counseling intervention. One particularly appropriate intervention is bibliotherapy. Reasons for using bibliotherapy for such…

  11. Bibliotherapy as a Counseling Adjunct: Research Findings. (United States)

    Schrank, Frederick A.; Engels, Dennis W.


    Reviews research relating to various aspects of bibliotherapy, including academic achievement, assertiveness, attitude change, behavioral change, fear reduction, helper effectiveness, marital accord, self-development, and therapeutic gains. Discusses implications for using bibliotherapy as an adjunct to counseling. (RC)

  12. Bibliotherapy: Literature to Promote Socioemotional Growth. (United States)

    Jalongo, Mary Renck


    Argues that bibliotherapy can be used to help children develop reading comprehension skill and to use that skill to understand their own personal and social development in a better way. Provides a list of books suitable for bibliotherapy. (FL)

  13. Documentary Perspective of Bibliotherapy in Education. (United States)

    Afolayan, Johnson A.


    Describes aspects of bibliotherapy (the use of books to help children and adolescents cope with emotional problems): its history, what it is, its processes, techniques in administering it, implementation precautions, its limitations, and studies of bibliotherapy. (SR)

  14. The ABCs of Bibliotherapy for School Counselors. (United States)

    Gladding, Samuel T.; Gladding, Claire


    Covers practical step-by-step procedures of both traditional and interactive bibliotherapy, with an emphasis on the interactive process. Discusses benefits and problems of setting up a bibliotherapy program in the school. (NB)

  15. The Use of Bibliotherapy in Clinical Practice. (United States)

    Smith, Darrell; Burkhalter, Johnny K.


    Surveyed 158 members of American Academy of Psychotherapists in attempt to identify primary users of bibliotherapy, problems for which bibliotherapy seems most applicable, and reading resources that are being used effectively. Found that bibliotherapy was used often, particularly with childrearing skills and sexual dysfunctions. Years of…

  16. Souls in Jeopardy: Questions and Innovations for Bibliotherapy with Fiction (United States)

    Detrixhe, Jonathan J.


    How is bibliotherapy with fiction hypothesized to work, and what are the ideal conditions for treatment success? Patterns in the bibliotherapy literature are explored. Questions are posed and suggestions offered regarding the practice of bibliotherapy with fiction.

  17. Bibliotherapy: The Right Book at the Right Time. Fastback 151. (United States)

    Cornett, Claudia E.; Cornett, Charles F.

    This booklet provides an overview of the process of bibliotherapy and suggests some techniques that can be used in implementing it. Various sections of the booklet discuss the following topics: (1) the definition of bibliotherapy, (2) the history of bibliotherapy, (3) bibliotherapy and human needs, (4) the bibliotherapeutic process, (5) the…

  18. Apply with Caution: Bibliotherapy in the Library. (United States)

    Chatton, Barbara


    Outlines the three desired purposes of bibliotherapy, and discusses possible misuses of the problem novel as therapy for troubled children and adolescents. It is suggested that libraries should utilize bibliotherapy in the broadest sense, not focusing on the problem novel, and guidelines for librarians are provided. (3 references) (CLB)

  19. Using Bibliotherapy To Teach Problem Solving. (United States)

    Forgan, James W.


    This article discusses how students with high-incidence disabilities can benefit from using bibliotherapy by learning to become proactive problem solvers. A sample lesson plan is presented based on a teaching framework for bibliotherapy and problem solving that contains the elements of prereading, guided reading, post-reading discussion, and a…

  20. An Evaluation of Interactive Bibliotherapy in a Clinical Setting. (United States)

    Rossiter, Charles; Brown, Rosalie


    Finds that senior staff at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Washington, DC, were consistently positive in their evaluation of bibliotherapy as a modality. Discusses the kinds of patients that benefit the most and the least from bibliotherapy. (RS)

  1. Bibliotherapy: A Strategy for Communication between Parents and Their Children. (United States)

    Edwards, Patricia A.; Simpson, Linda


    Suggests how parents, as key participants, can use bibliotherapy as an effective tool in helping teenagers solve their problems. Reports attitudes toward bibliotherapy and the interactions among the parents and children of four families. (JK)

  2. Bibliotherapy for Disabled Students in School-to-Work Transition. (United States)

    Hopkins-Best, Mary; Wiinamaki, Margaret


    Applications of bibliotherapy to disabled students facing the transition from school to work are examined. Group discussion, role playing, reading aloud, and creative writing are suggested as bibliotherapy techniques. An annotated bibliography lists 11 references. (CL)

  3. Bibliotherapy and food cravings control. (United States)

    Rodríguez-Martín, Boris C; Gómez-Quintana, Anisleidy; Díaz-Martínez, Glendy; Molerio-Pérez, Osana


    The use of self-help manuals or bibliotherapy could be an effective resource to treat obesity, but their effects on the elaborative processes of food cravings remain unclear. The present study examined whether bibliotherapy can effectively reduce food cravings in an overweight and obese adult population. 80 participants were randomly allocated either to the Self-help Manual group or the Intention-control group. They had to apply each resource over a period of 3 months whenever they felt a craving arise. During the baseline period most of the participants reported grazing as the main cause of their weight gain. Compared to baseline, the results of the third month of the follow-up revealed that intentions had paradoxical effects on food thought suppression, preoccupation with food, negative affect and guilty feelings; but the Self-help Manual promoted positive changes on the food cravings trait and its dimensions, food thoughts suppression, emotional and behavioural reactions to intrusions and BMI. These findings suggest that the Self-help Manual could be useful in reducing food cravings.

  4. Bibliotherapy Use by Welfare Teams in Secondary Colleges (United States)

    Harvey, Pam


    Bibliotherapy--the use of books to heal--is a concept that dates back to the time of the philosopher Aristotle who believed that literature had healing effects and that reading fiction was a way of purging illness. But how is bibliotherapy practiced now in secondary schools? This study investigates bibliotherapy use in a regional Australian city…

  5. Bibliotherapy: An Examination of School Counselors' Attitudes and Use (United States)

    Townsend, Karen S. Moore


    Bibliotherapy has been shown to be a natural, appropriate tool for school counselors, supporting both student therapeutic concerns, as well as the academic goals of the setting. However, no prior research was identified that examined counselors' attitudes toward bibliotherapy or their use of bibliotherapy as a counseling technique in the schools. …

  6. Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Cook, Katherine E.; Earles-Vollrath, Theresa; Ganz, Jennifer B.


    Educators and school librarians today are facing new challenges that go well beyond the traditional expectation of teaching reading, writing, and arithmetic. These challenges take many forms. Many students enter the educational system lacking the necessary social, emotional, and academic prerequisites to be successful. Educational settings are…

  7. Patients' and providers' perspectives on bibliotherapy in primary care. (United States)

    McKenna, Grainne; Hevey, David; Martin, Elaine


    Bibliotherapy is a form of self-administered treatment in which structured materials provide a means to alleviate distress. Although the treatment has evidence of effectiveness, evaluations of bibliotherapy have typically focused on outcomes, and the perspectives of both the client and the service provider have been understudied. In the present study, eleven users of a bibliotherapy scheme were interviewed regarding their experiences of bibliotherapy. In addition, five referring practitioners to the scheme were also interviewed. Thematic analyses revealed three super-ordinate themes in the transcripts: participants' personal experiences of the bibliotherapy scheme factors that facilitate change and the influence of the professionals involved. The implications of these findings for bibliotherapy schemes are considered.

  8. Augmenting the Helping Relationship: The Use of Bibliotherapy. (United States)

    Timmerman, Lisa; And Others


    Discusses use of bibliotherapy by school counselor. Provides bibliotherapy resource list on these topics: abandonment, abortion and pregnancy, aging, alcoholism, anorexia nervosa, belonging, child abuse, dating, death, delinquency, divorce, drug abuse, family relationships, friendship, identity, inferiority, love, maturation, prejudice, rebellion,…

  9. Bibliotherapy as it Relates to the Student and His Environment. (United States)

    Partridge, Cyndia; And Others

    The literature is reviewed regarding possible uses of bibliotherapy and the use of books as therapeutic aids in the emotional stabilization of troubled children. Emotional problems of elementary school students are defined, and the methodology of bibliotherapy is discussed, including: (1) sensitizing teachers; (2) developing a library; (3)…

  10. Bibliotherapy: A Strategy to Help Students with Bullying (United States)

    Gregory, Katherine E.; Vessey, Judith A.


    Use of bibliotherapy to address childhood teasing and bullying is an innovative approach school nurses should consider as they work to promote a healthy school environment. Children's books serve as a unique conduit of exchange between parents, teachers, and children. Bibliotherapy, using books to help people solve problems, involves three stages:…

  11. Practical Bibliotherapy Strategies for the Inclusive Elementary Classroom (United States)

    Iaquinta, Anita; Hipsky, Shellie


    This article was developed to assist the regular education elementary classroom teacher in utilizing practical bibliotherapy strategies for the inclusive classroom. Using quality children's literature for bibliotherapy helps students to grow socio-emotionally by identifying with the main character in the story with a disability which leads to…

  12. Bibliotherapy in unipolar depression: a meta-analysis. (United States)

    Cuijpers, P


    In the last decades, several therapies for unipolar depression have been developed, for example cognitive therapy, behavior therapy and pharmacotherapy. A new kind of therapy is bibliotherapy. What is new in this treatment modality is not the content, because bibliotherapy usually uses a cognitive-behavioral approach. Only the form in which it is presented is new. In bibliotherapy the patient takes a standardized treatment home, in book form, and works it through more or less independently. Contacts with therapists are only supportive or facilitative. No traditional relationship between therapist and patient is developed. In this article the relevance of bibliotherapy for the clinical practice is presented and a meta-analysis of the research into bibliotherapy is described.

  13. The role of bibliotherapy in health anxiety: an experimental study. (United States)

    Jones, Freda A


    Despite its high prevalence and implications for health care resources, health anxiety is generally considered difficult and expensive to manage. Structured self-help materials (bibliotherapy) using a cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) treatment approach have been shown to be clinically effective. This experimental study investigated the effects of bibliotherapy on patients who had been identified as demonstrating health concerns. The 40 participants (patients drawn from GP surgeries) were randomly allocated to two groups, one receiving bibliotherapy and the other not. Half the patients had a medically diagnosed problem. Anxiety was assessed before and after the bibliotherapy intervention, which took the form of a cognitive-behavioural self-help booklet for health anxiety sufferers. Patients in the bibliotherapy group showed reduced levels of anxiety at post-test, even when they also had an identifiable physical problem. These results are consistent with the idea that self-help materials can be an effective and accessible intervention in CBT, although further research is recommended.

  14. Bibliotherapy Treatment for Children with Adjustment Difficulties: A Comparison of Affective and Cognitive Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Betzalel, Nurit; Shechtman, Zipora


    This study compared outcomes following cognitive and affective bibliotherapy treatment with 79 children and adolescents in a residential home in Israel. Treatment children were compared to a control-no treatment group from the same home. Anxiety was measured through a self-report measure (Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale; Reynolds &…

  15. Making a Place for Bibliotherapy on the Shelves of a Curriculum Materials Center: The Case for Helping Pre-Service Teachers Use Developmental Bibliotherapy in the Classroom (United States)

    Catalano, Amy


    With developmental bibliotherapy frequently used in schools, this article addresses the necessity of educating future teachers in the proper implementation of bibliotherapy so that their students may reap the benefits and avoid inadvertent harm. The purpose of this article is to discuss the benefits and use of developmental bibliotherapy in the…

  16. Teaching Primary Grade Students Perfectionism through Cartoons Compared to Bibliotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda L. ZOUSEL


    Full Text Available This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental in first, second and third grade students (N=46. Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental condition with a medium effect size. Students were more engaged in the cartoon condition, appreciating the humor and opportunity to be creative. Most students reported liking the bibliotherapy but some complained of boredom. The authors recommend that both bibliotherapy and cartoon analysis be used in lessons about perfectionism to maintain student interest and comprehension of concepts.

  17. Reading as a Group Process Phenomenon: A Theoretical Framework for Bibliotherapy. (United States)

    Cohen, Laura J.


    Presents a unifying theoretical framework for bibliotherapy, based on C. Shrodes' model of bibliotherapy and I. D. Yalom's research on therapeutic factors in group therapy. Draws research and practice implications for both individual and group therapy. (RS)

  18. Phenomenology of bibliotherapy in modifying teacher punitiveness. (United States)

    Marlowe, M; Maycock, G


    The authors examined the phenomenology of bibliotherapy and its effects in changing preservice teachers' punitive attitudes toward children. Participants (N = 29) were enrolled in a university course (Introduction to Emotional Disturbance). Five books by Torey Hayden, autobiographical accounts of teaching and building relationships with students with emotional and behavioral disorders, were read and discussed within the framework of group bibliotherapy. Participants completed a self-report rating form measuring their tendency toward punitiveness during the first and last weeks of the 15-week semester. Participants also completed a questionnaire measuring the bibliotherapeutic impact of reading Hayden's texts, and they kept journals about the experience of reading Hayden. Comparison of the group's pre- and post-measures on punitiveness showed a small, albeit significant decrease in punitiveness; decreased punitiveness was associated with the therapeutic impact of reading Hayden. Phenomenological analysis of the participants' journal entries revealed that the structure of the experience of reading Hayden was one of identification with the protagonist, leading to emotional and cognitive learning.

  19. Cognitive bibliotherapy for mild and moderate adolescent depressive symptomatology. (United States)

    Ackerson, J; Scogin, F; McKendree-Smith, N; Lyman, R D


    The efficacy of cognitive bibliotherapy for adolescents experiencing mild and moderate depressive symptomatology was examined with a group of 22 community-dwelling adolescents. Cognitive bibliotherapy was determined to be superior to a delayed-treatment control condition. The treatment produced both statistically and clinically significant improvements in depressive symptoms. Treatment gains were maintained at 1-month follow-up. A significant decrease in dysfunctional thoughts, but not in negative automatic thoughts, was found after treatment. These results contribute to converging evidence on the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatments for adolescents experiencing depressive symptoms.

  20. Lost in translation: bibliotherapy and evidence-based medicine. (United States)

    Dysart-Gale, Deborah


    Evidence-based medicine's (EBM) quantitative methodologies reflect medical science's long-standing mistrust of the imprecision and subjectivity of ordinary descriptive language. However, EBM's attempts to replace subjectivity with precise empirical methods are problematic when clinicians must negotiate between scientific medicine and patients' experience. This problem is evident in the case of bibliotherapy (patient reading as treatment modality), a practice widespread despite its reliance on anecdotal evidence. While EBM purports to replace such flawed practice with reliable evidence-based methods, this essay argues that its aversion to subjective language prevents EBM from effectively evaluating bibliotherapy or making it amenable to clinical and research governance.

  1. Bibliotherapy and DCT: Co-Constructing the Therapeutic Metaphor. (United States)

    Myers, Jane E.


    Bibliotherapy is presented as a strategy for cocreating therapeutic metaphors with clients. The use of these metaphors for promoting both first and second order change is enhanced when the metaphor is processed using Developmental Counseling and Therapy (DCT). Case examples are included to illustrate the combined use of these techniques. (Author)

  2. Using Bibliotherapy to Enhance Probation and Reduce Recidivism (United States)

    Schutt, Russell K.; Deng, Xiaogang; Stoehr, Taylor


    Prior research indicates that probation programs that include efforts to change cognitive orientations and social patterns can enhance their effectiveness. This article reports an evaluation of an enhanced probation program, Changing Lives Through Literature, which uses a form of bibliotherapy to increase its rehabilitative effect. Controlling for…

  3. Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness (United States)

    Mintz, Laurie B.; Balzer, Alexandra M.; Zhao, Xinting; Bush, Hannah E.


    This study examines the effectiveness of bibliotherapy for low sexual desire among women, which is the most frequent sexual concern brought to counselors. Forty-five women responded to an advertisement for participation in a study on low sexual desire and were assigned to either the intervention or the wait-list control group. The intervention…

  4. Cognitive-Behavioural Bibliotherapy for Hypochondriasis : A Pilot Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buwalda, Femke M.; Bouman, Theo K.


    Aims: The present study aims to determine whether cognitive-behavioural minimal contact bibliotherapy is acceptable to participants suffering from DSM-IV-TR hypochondriasis, and whether this intervention is able to reduce hypochondriacal complaints, as well as comorbid depressive complaints and trai

  5. Teaching Primary Grade Students Perfectionism through Cartoons Compared to Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Zousel, Miranda L.; Rule, Audrey C.; Logan, Stephanie R.


    This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control) and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental) in first, second and third grade students (N = 46). Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental…

  6. Mind the gap:do librarians understand service user perspectives on bibliotherapy?


    Brewster, L.; Sen, B.A.; Cox, A.M.


    Bibliotherapy schemes aim to improve mental health and well-being. Schemes focus on engagement with either imaginative literature or self-help texts and are now commonplace in U.K. public libraries. Impetus for bibliotherapy schemes was influenced by health policy and a drive toward partnership working. There is a recognized need for in-depth evaluation of bibliotherapy services; the lack of evaluation is problematic, as the schemes are designed without reference to service user perspectives....

  7. Bibliotherapy as an adjunct to psychotherapy for depression in older adults. (United States)

    Floyd, Mark


    Bibliotherapy, reading a self-help book for the treatment of psychological problems, has been shown to be effective as a "stand-alone" treatment for depression. Many practitioners recommend self-help books as an adjunct to treatment. This article offers some guidelines for the use of bibliotherapy as an adjunct to individual psychotherapy with depressed older adults. Two clinical cases demonstrate how bibliotherapy can be used effectively in conjunction with individual psychotherapy.

  8. Booked for theWeek: A Survey of the Use of Bibliotherapy by Licensed Clinical Social Workers


    Rich Vodde; Danny R. Dixon; Martha M. Giddings


    Despite its general acceptance, there has been no research exploring the actual use of bibliotherapy by Licensed Clinical Social Workers (LCSWs). This study sought to determine the extent to which LCSWs, represented by a random sample from one state, used bibliotherapy for specific problems, identified relevant variables that influence bibliotherapy use,and compiled a list of books currently used by respondents. Results suggest that bibliotherapy is used for numerous specific p...

  9. Bibliotherapy in a Library Setting: Reaching out to Vulnerable Youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Tukhareli


    Full Text Available Bibliotherapy, as a part of expressive therapy, involves the systematic use of books to help people cope with mental, physical, emotional, or social problems. It has been widely recognized as an approach that holds great promise in helping librarians to better address emotional, behavioural and socials concerns of various groups of people. The benefits of bibliotherapeutic services such as reading groups, expanded readers’ advisory, books-on-prescription and information-on-prescription services as well as various outreach programs are well documented in the library literature. On the other hand, health professionals who work in cooperation with educators and librarians share medical records on the healing and consoling power of books. The paper will explore the role of bibliotherapy in a library setting and identify particular bibliotherapeutic schemes to be used when serving people affected by HIV/AIDS. The paper will provide an overview of the library project developed to address educational and recreational needs of the African people living with HIV/AIDS. The project was successfully implemented at the Nkosi’s Haven Library in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2010. Although the project targeted all the residents of Nkosi’s Haven, the paper will focus mostly on the part of the program developed for children and young adults. The paper will identify psychological and social factors that affect the targeted group of children within the African environment. Particularly, it will highlight a negative effect that stigmatization around the disease has on the lives of the HIV-infected individuals and their families. Within this context, bibliotherapy is seen as an effective way of reaching out and breaking the isolation of people, especially children living with HIV/AIDS. The paper will describe specific activities strategically chosen for the bibliotherapy sessions to provide a channel through which the participants of the program could analyze

  10. Applications of text messaging, and bibliotherapy for treatment of patients affected by depressive symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roya Taleban


    Conclusions: It seems that bibliotherapy could efficiently decrease the intensity of depressive symptoms. Nevertheless, in comparison with our booklet trial, the text messaging group achieved neither durable nor significant success; thus, bibliotherapy could be utilized as a complementary methodology aiming depression treatment.

  11. Use of Bibliotherapy in the Treatment of Grief and Loss: A Guide to Current Counseling Practices (United States)

    Briggs, Cynthia A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth


    Grief is a complex and dynamic process influencing individuals of all ages. This article provides an overview of historical and contemporary constructs of grief counseling. Bibliotherapy, a creative counseling tool, is presented as an appropriate intervention when counseling grieving clients. Guidelines for using bibliotherapy with grieving…

  12. Bibliotherapy in the Classroom: Using Literature To Promote the Development of Emotional Intelligence. (United States)

    Sullivan, Amie K.; Strang, Harold R.


    Notes that many children in today's classrooms exhibit a variety of emotional and social difficulties, and discusses the use of bibliotherapy, an approach that uses literature as an effective way to remediate such difficulties. Explains emotional intelligence and how bibliotherapy can promote development of the socioemotional competence necessary…

  13. Portrayals of Bullying in Children's Picture Books and Implications for Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Moulton, Emily; Heath, Melissa Allen; Prater, Mary Anne; Dyches, Tina Taylor


    Bullying, a serious issue in today's schools, negatively impacts children. This article summarizes research and emphasizes the need for effective tools, such as bibliotherapy, to deter bullying. To assist professionals in selecting books for bibliotherapy, 38 bully-themed children's K-3 picture books ranked 1-4 by "The Horn Book Guide"…

  14. A National Survey of Bibliotherapy Preparation and Practices of Professional Counselors (United States)

    Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth; McMillen, Paula S.


    A national survey of "Bibliotherapy Practices in Counseling" was conducted in 2008. This project was partially supported by an Association of Creativity in Counseling Research Award. Little research exists regarding preparation of professional counselors and their specific use of bibliotherapy interventions. Invitations and survey requests were…

  15. The Use of Bibliotherapy in Natural Environments to Develop Social Skills in Young Children (United States)

    Chai, Angie Yuyoung


    The purpose of this study was to explore the use of bibliotherapy as an intervention to increase social problem-solving skills in young children, delivered by classroom teachers within a natural classroom setting. Previous research in this area has been limited to bibliotherapy interventions delivered by clinicians in small group settings.…

  16. Booked for theWeek: A Survey of the Use of Bibliotherapy by Licensed Clinical Social Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rich Vodde


    Full Text Available Despite its general acceptance, there has been no research exploring the actual use of bibliotherapy by Licensed Clinical Social Workers (LCSWs. This study sought to determine the extent to which LCSWs, represented by a random sample from one state, used bibliotherapy for specific problems, identified relevant variables that influence bibliotherapy use,and compiled a list of books currently used by respondents. Results suggest that bibliotherapy is used for numerous specific problems and LCSW endorsement of bibliotherapy by LCSWs is similar to that of respondents in other disciplines. Unlike studies involving other disciplines, LCSW usage patterns were not related to gender and less related to employment settings.

  17. Bibliotherapy: an indirect approach to treatment of childhood aggression. (United States)

    Shechtman, Z


    The process of group therapy with five aggressive young boys, utilizing bibliotherapy as its primary mode of intervention, was investigated and is illustrated in this paper. The rationale for using affective bibliotherapy in a group context is given, the content of the program is described, and the process is fully displayed. The effectiveness of the treatment was studied in a single-subject design, comparing treatment children with their matched counterparts. Results pointed to reduced aggression of all the five treatment students, compared with no change in the control children, by self- and teacher report. In addition, results based on an analysis of transcripts showed increased constructive behavior in group for all participants. Although these results should not be generalized, they suggest an interesting line of research for future investigation.

  18. Reader's Advisory and Bibliotherapy:Helping or Healing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian W. Sturm


    Full Text Available Reader s advisory, helping library patrons find books to read based on their prior reading preferences, is a common endeavor for most librarians. Bibliotherapy, using books to promote healing, is a special kind of reader s advisory. This article traces the origins of these two concepts and examines their underlying assumptions. It addresses the process through which stories may aid in healing and the process librarians should follow if they decide to engage in bibliotherapy. It concludes that librarians must know the difference between advising and counseling on both a professional and personal level and that they should be wary of letting the power inherent in the readers advisory role endanger their professionalism.

  19. Teaching Primary Grade Students Perfectionism through Cartoons Compared to Bibliotherapy


    Miranda L. ZOUSEL; Audrey C. RULE; Stephanie R. LOGAN


    This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control) and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental) in first, second and third grade students (N=46). Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental condition with a medium effect size. Students were more engaged in the cartoon condition, appreciating the humor and opportunity to be creative. Most student...

  20. Bibliotherapy in the treatment of sexual dysfunctions: a meta-analysis. (United States)

    van Lankveld, J J


    This article describes the combined effect of 12 controlled studies of bibliotherapy for sexual dysfunctions, comprising data on 397 participants, who were treated in 16 bibliotherapy groups. A mean effect size of 0.68 SDs at posttreatment was found (0.50 when weighted for sample size). This effect eroded at follow-up. No influence on effect size was found for either bibliotherapy implementation characteristics or study methodology. Studies were largely limited to bibliotherapeutic administration of the directed practice approach to orgasmic disorders. The efficacy of bibliotherapy has not yet been investigated sufficiently for evaluation of its use for other sexual dysfunctions or for its comparison with other therapeutic approaches for sexual dysfunctions.

  1. The effect of group bibliotherapy on the self-esteem of female students living in dormitory


    Salimi, Sepideh; Zare-Farashbandi, Firoozeh; Papi, Ahmad; Samouei, Rahele; Hassanzadeh, Akbar


    Introduction: Bibliotherapy is a supplement, simple, inexpensive and readily available method to treat the diseases that is performed with cooperation of librarians and psychologists or doctors. The aim of this study is the investigation of group bibliotherapy's effect on the self-esteem of the female students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Living in Dormitory in 2012. Materials and Methods: The present study is an interventional semi-experimental study with pre test and post test ...

  2. Bibliotherapy as a treatment for depression in primary care. (United States)

    Naylor, Elizabeth V; Antonuccio, David O; Litt, Mark; Johnson, Gary E; Spogen, Daniel R; Williams, Richard; McCarthy, Catherine; Lu, Marcia M; Fiore, David C; Higgins, Dianne L


    This study was designed to determine whether a physician-delivered bibliotherapy prescription would compare favorably with the prevailing usual care treatment for depression in primary care (that often involves medication) and potentially offer an alternative. Six family physicians were trained to write and deliver prescriptions for cognitive-behavioral bibliotherapy. Thirty-eight patients were randomly assigned to receive either usual care or a behavioral prescription to read the self-help book, Feeling Good (Burns, D. D. (1999). Feeling good: The new mood therapy. New York: HarperCollins). The treatment groups did not differ in terms of overall outcome variables. Patients in both treatment groups reported statistically significant decreases in depression symptoms, decreases in dysfunctional attitudes, and increases in quality of life. Although not statistically significant, the mean net medical expenses in the behavioral prescription group were substantially less. This study provided empirical evidence that a behavioral prescription for Feeling Good may be as effective as standard care, which commonly involves an antidepressant prescription.

  3. Bibliotherapy: the therapeutic use of didactic and literary texts in treatment, diagnosis, prevention, and training. (United States)

    Silverberg, Lawrence I


    The term bibliotherapy has been defined by Russell and Shrodes as "a process of dynamic interaction between the personality of the reader and literature--an interaction which may be used for personality assessment, adjustment, and growth." In the clinical setting, the dynamics that promote change in a patient-reader can include identification, projection, introjection, catharsis, and insight. Clinicians may use bibliotherapy as a tool for patient treatment, medical diagnosis, and the prevention of illness related to psychosocial dysfunction, allowing for gradual and mutual insight into patient complaints over time. Bibliotherapy may display efficacy on intellectual, psychosocial, interpersonal, emotional, and behavioral levels. The author identifies two basic types of resources that are useful to clinicians administering bibliotherapy: didactic texts, which are instructive, and imaginative literature, which can be a literary text, biography, or autobiography and fosters an imaginative response from the patient-reader. The author identifies the advantages and risks of using bibliotherapy and explores its possible applications in osteopathic medical education, encouraging osteopathic medical educators to familiarize themselves with this treatment modality.

  4. A bibliotherapy approach to relapse prevention in individuals with panic attacks. (United States)

    Wright, J; Clum, G A; Roodman, A; Febbraro, G A


    The present study examined a relapse prevention (RP) program delivered via bibliotherapy in the treatment of individuals with panic attacks. Compared with a wait list control group, individuals receiving RP exhibited significant reductions on measures of frequency of panic attacks, panic cognitions, anticipatory anxiety, avoidance, and depression. In addition, individuals in the RP group were more likely to attain a "clinically significant change" in status on both panic-free status and level of avoidance more frequently than individuals in the control group. When compared with treatment effects evaluated in two prior phases of the study, the obtained results appear to be the product of a synchronous effect of bibliotherapy and minimal phone contact during the 6-month follow-up period. The results reflect the importance of brief therapist contact in increasing motivation for active participation in bibliotherapy interventions.

  5. A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of bibliotherapy for alcohol problems. (United States)

    Apodaca, Timothy R; Miller, William R


    There has been increased interest in the use of brief interventions and the delivery of alcohol treatment services through nonspecialist health care settings. One possible resource for reaching untreated individuals is "bibliotherapy," the provision of self-help materials to motivate and guide the process of changing drinking behavior. Research on the effectiveness of self-help materials for problem drinkers has been done for three decades. This report summarizes a meta-analytic review of 22 studies evaluating the effectiveness of such self-help materials. Each study was rated on 12 methodological criteria, and effect sizes of bibliotherapy were computed. The methodological quality of studies was generally high relative to other treatment-outcome studies. Modest support was found for the efficacy of self-help materials in decreasing at-risk and harmful drinking. The weighted mean pre/post-effect size for bibliotherapy was .80 with self-referred individuals seeking help for drinking problems, and .65 for individuals identified through health screening. Between-group comparisons of bibliotherapy with no-intervention controls appear to have a small to medium effect, with a weighted mean effect size of .31 with self-referred drinkers; effect size was more variable in opportunistic interventions based on health screening. Finally, between-group comparisons of effects on drinking of bibliotherapy versus more extensive interventions yielded effect size values near zero. These findings provide support for the cost-effective use of bibliotherapy with problem drinkers seeking such help to reduce their consumption, and to a lesser extent with drinkers who are identified through screening as at risk.

  6. Benjamin Rush and John Minson Galt, II. Pioneers of bibliotherapy in America. (United States)

    Weimerskirch, P J


    The history of bibliotherapy in America goes back at least to the early part of the nineteenth century. Benjamin Rush was one of the first Americans to recommend the use of bibliotherapy; John Minson Galt, II, was the first American to write an article on the subject. Reading was considered one of the best therapeutic measures in treating mental patients, and by the middle of the nineteenth century every major mental hospital had a patients' library; many were quite extensive. Newspapers and periodicals were supplied in great numbers, and the works of Sir Walter Scott enjoyed great popularity.

  7. The Role of Bibliotherapy in Value System Formation by Undergraduates in the University of Ibadan, Nigeria (United States)

    Okwilagwe, Oshiotse A.; Mubonyin, Marie-Louse Vome


    This study investigated the role of bibliotherapy in value system formation by undergraduates in seven faculties of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Out of the 1,372 sampled students, 746 (54.37%) were males and 626 (45.63%) were females. The Chi-square statistical method at the alpha level of 0.05 was used in testing four hypotheses developed…

  8. Widened Frameworks and Practice: From Bibliotherapy to the Literacy of Testimony and Witness. (United States)

    Wolpow, Ray; Askov, Eunice N.


    Considers what literacy teachers can do to prevent subsequent school failure and lowered test scores with media attention on school violence and trauma in and out of schools. Suggests bibliotherapy, a familiar tool used in earlier decades by teachers to counsel students with problems, is useful today in dealing with students who suffer from…

  9. Using Children's Books as Bibliotherapy for At-Risk Students: A Guide for Teachers (United States)

    Prater, Mary Anne; Johnstun, Marissa L.; Dyches, Tina Taylor; Johnstun, Marion R.


    Increasing numbers of students in U.S. schools are at greater risk of school failure because of social, economic, and family stress factors. Teachers can use literature as bibliotherapy for both children and adolescents to create a safe distance, allowing them to deal with sensitive issues related to these problems, as well as to teach social…

  10. Cognitive Therapy for Depression: A Comparison of Individual Psychotherapy and Bibliotherapy for Depressed Older Adults (United States)

    Floyd, Mark; Scogin, Forrest; McKendree-Smith, Nancy L.; Floyd, Donna L.; Rokke, Paul D.


    Thirty-one community-residing older adults age 60 or over either received 16 sessions of individual cognitive psychotherapy (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979) or read Feeling Good (Burns, 1980) for bibliotherapy. Posttreatment comparisons with the delayed-treatment control indicated that both treatments were superior to a delayed-treatment control.…

  11. Two-Year Follow-Up of Bibliotherapy and Individual Cognitive Therapy for Depressed Older Adults (United States)

    Floyd, Mark; Rohen, Noelle; Shackelford, Jodie A. M.; Hubbard, Karen L.; Parnell, Marsha B.; Scogin, Forrest; Coates, Adriana


    This study examined the stability of treatment gains after receiving either cognitive bibliotherapy or individual cognitive psychotherapy for depression in older adults. A 2-year follow-up of 23 participants from Floyd, Scogin, McKendree-Smith, Floyd, and Rokke (2004) was conducted by comparing pre- and posttreatment scores with follow-up scores…

  12. The Bibliotherapy Education Project: Alive and Well--and Perpetually "Under Construction" (United States)

    McMillen, Paula S.


    The Bibliotherapy Education Project began as a teaching collaboration between faculty at Oregon State University's Libraries and School of Education. The project's evolution from 1999 to 2004 was previously described in this journal (McMillen 2005). The core of the project is a book evaluation tool, which builds counselor skill and knowledge in…

  13. Parent Experiences with Child Social Interventions and Their Perception of Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Davis Bowman, Jennifer


    This study focused on the experience of parents concerned with child social behavior and the perception of bibliotherapy as an intervention. Using a qualitative phenomenological approach, four families raising children between the ages of 4-12 participated in a series of interviews. The children's social needs varied, but parent concerns were…

  14. Enhancing Positive Citizenship Ideals on Students Through Bibliotherapy and Cognitive Counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ismail Hussein Hashim


    The paper views feelings touching as very important in cultivating positive citizenship ideals amongst the youth. The main preoccupation of the study was to provide relevant information concerning the efficacy of bibliotherapy and cognitive counseling as two methods that could be applied by counselors in school field to promote positive citizenship ideals in the students. The study was carried out in Alfashir principality (Sudan)in April 1999. Feelings of one hundred and twenty five secondary school students were touched with regards to what they regarded as citizenship ideals. Adopting control and experimental measures approach, the two groups of the subjects were treated to bibliotherapy and cognitive counseling, while the third group was left as control group. Results indicated significant differences in the efficacy of the two methods for positively fostering citizenship ideals among the youth in favor of bibliotherapy. The results have demonstrated that bibliotherapy can be effectively applied in school setting through the school curriculum to positively foster citizenship ideals among the youth.

  15. Expanding the limits of bibliotherapy for panic disorder. Randomized trial of self-help without support but with a clear deadline

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nordin, S; Carlbring, P.; Cuijpers, P.; Andersson, G.


    Cognitive behavioral bibliotherapy for panic disorder has been found to be less effective without therapist support. In this study, participants were randomized to either unassisted bibliotherapy (n = 20) with a scheduled follow-up telephone interview or to a waiting list control group (n = 19). Fol

  16. Sexual assault prevention with college-aged women: a bibliotherapy approach. (United States)

    Yeater, Elizabeth A; Naugle, Amy E; O'Donohue, William; Bradley, April R


    The present research evaluated the efficacy of a skills-based bibliotherapy approach to sexual assault prevention for college-aged women. One hundred and ten participants were followed prospectively for 16 weeks. A self-help book, written by the authors, was compared to a wait-list control on several self-report measures. Results revealed significant differences between groups, with bibliotherapy participants reporting decreased participation in risky dating behaviors and improvement in sexual communication strategies across a variety of dating situations. However, results suggested that the self-help book was no more effective than the wait-list control in reducing rates of sexual victimization. Limitations of the study and directions for future sexual assault prevention research with women are discussed.

  17. Characteristics of couples applying for bibliotherapy via different recruitment strategies: a multivariate comparison. (United States)

    van Lankveld, J J; Grotjohann, Y; van Lokven, B M; Everaerd, W


    This study compared characteristics of couples with different sexual dysfunctions who were recruited for participation in a bibliotherapy program via two routes: in response to media advertisements and through their presence on a waiting list for therapist-administered treatment in an outpatient sexology clinic. Data were collected from 492 subjects (246 couples). Male sexology patients were younger than media-recruited males. However, type of sexual dysfunction accounted for a substantially larger proportion of variance in the demographic and psychometric data. An interaction effect of recruitment strategy and sexual dysfunction type was found with respect to female anorgasmia. We conclude from the absence of differences between the two study groups that the Wills and DePaulo (1991) model of help-seeking behavior for mental problems does not apply to couples with sexual dysfunctions joining a bibliotherapy program who either primarily requested professional treatment or who responded to media advertising.

  18. The effect of affective bibliotherapy on clients' functioning in group therapy. (United States)

    Shechtman, Zipora; Nir-Shfrir, Rivka


    Abstract The effect of affective group bibliotherapy (GB) was compared to affective group therapy (GT) on patients' functioning in therapy and their session impression. Three small groups totaling twenty-five in-patients in a hospital in Israel participated in the study. Clients concurrently participated in both group types, undergoing three sessions in each condition. In-therapy behaviors were assessed through the Client Behavior System (CBS; Hill & O'Brien, 1999). Results indicated that in the GB condition compared to the GT condition, clients showed less resistance, used simple responses less frequently, and expressed greater affective exploration. The Session Evaluation Questionnaire (SEQ; Stiles et al., 1994) was used to measure clients' impressions of the sessions. Results indicated that patients evaluated the two treatment conditions equally. Overall, the results support earlier findings, suggesting that affective bibliotherapy can be an effective method of treatment.

  19. Applications of Text Messaging, and Bibliotherapy for Treatment of Patients Affected by Depressive Symptoms (United States)

    Taleban, Roya; Zamani, Ahmadreza; Moafi, Mohammad; Jiryaee, Nasrin; Khadivi, Reza


    Background: Intensity of depressive symptoms could be exacerbated due to the paucity of appropriate treatments. We assessed the effectiveness of bibliotherapy and text messaging, which aimed at amelioration of patient's behavior and consciousness, which could lead to suicide prevention. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial implemented in rural health centers of Isfahan district (Iran). Health centers were assigned in three trials consisting of the booklet, text messaging, and control groups. Each group consisted of 70 patients. Inclusion criteria were being affected by depressive symptom, <18 years, and cell phone accessibility. Mental retardation, drug and alcohol abuse, visual disability, dementia, suicide attempt history, electrotherapy, and receiving psychological interventions were our not met criteria. Our patient outcomes comprised intensity of depressive symptom and treatment compliance. The first two trials were requested to study instructive booklets in 30 days while the second cohort was demanded to study the booklet in accordance with the daily delivered text messaging. Results: Out of 210 individuals, 198 patients finished this study. The intensity of depressive symptom was significantly affected through time and group factors as well as time-group interaction (F = 12.30, P < 0.001). Based on treatment compliance, the interactive effect of group factor and the time factor was statistically significant. Conclusions: It seems that bibliotherapy could efficiently decrease the intensity of depressive symptoms. Nevertheless, in comparison with our booklet trial, the text messaging group achieved neither durable nor significant success; thus, bibliotherapy could be utilized as a complementary methodology aiming depression treatment. PMID:27076884

  20. [The meaning of bibliotherapy and expressive writing in child and adolescent psychiatry]. (United States)

    Blechinger, Tobias; Klosinski, Gunther


    Child- and adolescent psychiatry is a good field for the application of creative and playful therapies. Bibliotherapy and expressive writing are two examples of them. The effectiveness of both, for different types of disorders, has been proved in many studies. Up until today it was unknown just how prevalent these therapies are within child and adolescent psychiatry in the german speaking countries. The following article summarizes the results of a survey conducted in 122 child and adolescence psychiatric clinics in Germany, Austria and Switzerland to gain more information about their use. The survey takes into account the frequency of application of bibliotherapy and expressive writing therapies depending on age and type of disorder, preferences amongst patient groups, as well as specific approaches. More than half of the surveyed child and adolescent psychiatries are using at least one of the two therapies. They are used on an irregular and non-systematic basis and rather symptom- than diagnosis-orientated. Bibliotherapy and expressive writing are dynamic therapies which can be used in manifold ways. Reading and writing are two of the main pillars of our educational system and can be utilized within a therapeutic setting. Provided that the patient is not suffering from severe cognitive or mental limitations, the spoken and written word can leave deep imprints within the patient's, but also the therapist's, soul.

  1. A randomized controlled trial of bibliotherapy for carers of young people with first-episode psychosis. (United States)

    McCann, Terence V; Lubman, Dan I; Cotton, Sue M; Murphy, Brendan; Crisp, Kingsley; Catania, Lisa; Marck, Claudia; Gleeson, John F M


    Caring for young people with first-episode psychosis (FEP) is challenging and can adversely affect carer well-being, with limited evidence-based support materials available. We aimed to examine whether completion of a self-directed problem-solving bibliotherapy among carers of young people with FEP led to a better experience of caring, less distress and expressed emotion, and better general health than carers who only received treatment as usual (TAU). A randomized controlled trial was conducted across two early-intervention psychosis services in Melbourne, Australia. A total of 124 carers were randomized to problem-solving bibliotherapy intervention (PSBI) or TAU and assessed at baseline, 6-week and 16-week follow-up. Intent-to-treat analyses were carried out and indicated that recipients of PSBI had a more favorable experience of caring than those receiving TAU, and these effects were sustained at both follow-up time points. Across the other measures, both groups demonstrated improvements by week 16, although the PBSI group tended to improve earlier. The PSBI group experienced a greater reduction in negative emotional evaluations of the need to provide additional support to young people with FEP than the TAU group by week 6, while the level of psychological distress decreased at a greater rate from baseline to 6 weeks in the PSBI compared with the TAU group. These findings support the use of problem-solving bibliotherapy for first-time carers, particularly as a cost-effective adjunct to TAU.

  2. Efficacy and process of cognitive bibliotherapy for the treatment of depression in jail and prison inmates. (United States)

    Pardini, Jamie; Scogin, Forrest; Schriver, Jennifer; Domino, Marla; Wilson, Dawn; LaRocca, Michael


    The purpose of this two-study project was to determine the effects of cognitive bibliotherapy for the treatment of depressive symptoms in jail and prison inmates. Participants in both samples were randomly assigned to either a treatment group that received the 4-week bibliotherapy program or a delayed-treatment control group. In the jail sample, which served as a pilot study for the more detailed prison study, the treatment group showed greater improvement on the A. T. Beck and R. A. Steer Beck Depression Inventory, 1993, Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX and the DAS (M. M. Weissman, & A. T. Beck Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale: A preliminary investigation; paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, November, 1978, Toronto, ON, Canada). In the prison sample, results indicated that the treatment group showed greater improvement on the HRSD (M. Hamilton, Development of a rating scale for primary depressive illness, British Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, Vol. 6, 1967, pp. 278-296) and the A. T. Beck, R. A. Steer, & G. K. Brown Beck Depression Inventory (2nd ed.), 1996, Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX. Approximately half of the treated participants achieved clinically significant change. Analyses of the follow-up data revealed maintenance of treatment gains in the prison and jail samples. In the prison study, significant changes were also observed on a general measure of psychological distress. Overall, results suggest that cognitive bibliotherapy may be efficacious for depressed inmates.

  3. Using bibliotherapy to assist people to recover from depression in Thailand: Relationship between resilience, depression and psychological distress. (United States)

    Songprakun, Wallapa; McCann, Terence V


    Thailand is experiencing a marked increase in the prevalence of depression. Self-help has an important role in helping people with depression. The aim of this study was to assess if a favourable relationship existed between resilience, depression and psychological distress in participants with depression who receive bibliotherapy in comparison with a control group. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 56 participants with moderate depression. The intervention group received the self-help manual, whereas the control group received standard care. The findings showed a positive relationship between higher levels of resilience and lower levels of depression and psychological distress in the intervention group only, between baseline and posttest. The findings provide preliminary evidence supporting the use of bibliotherapy for individuals with depression in Thailand. Bibliotherapy can be incorporated easily into mental health nurses and other clinicians' work in promoting recovery in people with depression in the community.

  4. Effectiveness of taking in the good based-bibliotherapy intervention program among depressed Filipino female adolescents. (United States)

    Jacob, John; De Guzman, Rosalito G


    Adolescent depression is a severe mental health problem. Philippines has the highest incidence of depression in South East Asia. Depressed female adolescents habitually seek and retain negative experiences. Aim of this research was to develop and to assess effectiveness of a Taking in the Good Based-Bibliotherapy Intervention Program for female adolescents. As an innovative type of psychotherapy treatment, program aimed to build up their inner strengths by experiencing, enriching and absorbing daily events with a positive attitude and installing them in brain. Program was conducted in two phases: 1. Development of taking in the good based-bibliotherapy intervention. 2. Implementation and assessment of pioneering treatment for alleviating depression and thereby increasing positive cognitive appraisal by employing true experimental research design particularly between subjects. Beck Depression Inventory-II, Asian Adolescent Depression Scale and Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale-11 were administered before and after implementation of the program. A total of 30 female adolescents, Filipino High School students, (mean age=13.9), were randomly assigned to experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) conditions. Data analysis was done by employing percentage and frequency distribution, mean scores, standard deviation, dependent t-test, independent t-test statistics and Cohen's d. The null hypothesis was tested at the 0.05 level of significance. Statistical analysis between the pre-test and post-test scores of the experimental group showed significant difference (p=0.000) and scores of control and experimental group showed significant difference (p=0.000) in all dependent variables in the post-test. These results revealed that "Taking in the Good based-Bibliotherapy Intervention" was effective in reducing depression in female adolescents.

  5. Therapist-Assisted, Self-Administered Bibliotherapy to Enhance Parental Competence: Short- and Long-Term Effects (United States)

    Hahlweg, Kurt; Heinrichs, Nina; Kuschel, Annett; Feldmann, Marit


    The efficacy of bibliotherapy has primarily been investigated in anxiety disorders, depression, or substance dependence. The efficacy of self-help books to increase parenting competence was only investigated in a few studies despite their broad dissemination in public. The aims of the study were to investigate the short- and long-term efficacy of…

  6. Read Two Books and Write Me in the Morning! Bibliotherapy for Social Emotional Intervention in the Inclusive Classroom (United States)

    Maich, Kimberly; Kean, Sharon


    This article explains a practical strategy for dealing with social emotional problems in the inclusive classroom environment. The potential need for bibliotherapy is introduced by discussing how role boundaries of teachers are changing and how teachers may take on a range of roles in their classrooms. An example of a social emotional scenario…

  7. Bibliotherapy Revisited: Issues in Classroom Management. Developing Teachers' Awareness and Techniques to Help Children Cope Effectively with Stressful Situations (United States)

    Jackson, Marilyn N. Malloy


    Are teachers aware of the stress in their classrooms? Do teachers plan for stress control? Educators need to understand why stress is a part of classroom life and how it affects the teacher-student relationship. Bibliotherapy can be an intervention in stress management through books. The use of appropriate reading material to help solve emotional…

  8. "The Factor that Makes Us More Effective Teachers": Two Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Experience of Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Wilson, Sue; Thornton, Steve


    This paper describes the experiences of two pre-service primary teachers in a teacher education subject focusing on mathematics and learning difficulties. It describes how bibliotherapy was a powerful reflective tool that provided them with the opportunity to respond cognitively and affectively to their own schooling. By analysing readings about…

  9. The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Bibliotherapy for Enhancing the Psychological Health of Japanese College Students Living Abroad (United States)

    Muto, Takashi; Hayes, Steven C.; Jeffcoat, Tami


    International students often experience significant psychological distress but empirically tested programs are few. Broadly distributed bibliotherapy may provide a cost-effective approach. About half of the Japanese international students in a western university in the United States (N=70) were randomly assigned to a wait-list or to receive a…

  10. The Influence of Bibliotherapy on Children's Attitudes toward Peers Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (United States)

    Kanarowski, Elizabeth Ann


    This study investigated the effects of a single bibliotherapy intervention on the attitudes of first grade children toward peers who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Seventy-one children, ages 6 and 7, participated in either (a) the experimental group, where they heard and discussed a book that featured a child who used AAC,…

  11. The Use of Bibliotherapy in Classrooms for Gifted Students: A Bibliotherapy Model (Üstün Zekâlı ve Yetenekli Öğrencilerin de Bulunduğu Sınıflarda Bibliyoterapi Kullanımı: Model Önerisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilena Z. Leana-Taşcılar


    Full Text Available Purpose and significance: There are several different opinions about how to use bibliotherapy technique. Most of them suggest that bibliotherapy must be used only by psychologists and psychological counselors for therapeutic reasons. A new approach of developmental bibliotherapy put forth the idea that bibliotherapy can be used in classrooms by teachers. Because most gifted students are good readers or have high ability in reading, the use of bibliotherapy in the classroom can be very important learning experience for gifted students. It can present an opportunity to understand themselves better, to cope with loneliness and being different from their classmates. Bibliotherapy also can provide opportunities for coping with problems, creating insights about different situations and experiencing purification. In this article, a model for bibliotherapy was proposed that could be used by teachers in the classroom. The model consists of three steps. The first step includes pre-reading activities. Teachers select the kind of bibliotherapy to be used (preventive counseling, problem solving, understanding others and then find criteria for selecting books. Criteria selection should be made according to gifted students’ needs. The second step includes reading process. The purpose of this step is to provide opportunities for the imaginative projection of a subjective state into an object or person, a kind of self-identification and catharsis. This step involves active participation of students. Some general strategies and teacher suggestions are used to in this step. The third step includes after reading activities. This step involves insight and generalization. The main tool of this step is questioning. Students and the teacher discuss the problem in the book and express insights and make generalizations about the problem. The discussion is very important for meeting mental and affective needs of gifted and talented students in the classroom. Matilda, a

  12. An evaluation of a collaborative bibliotherapy scheme delivered via a library service. (United States)

    Macdonald, J; Vallance, D; McGrath, M


    This paper reports on the evaluation of a bibliotherapy scheme delivered via a local library service, in conjunction with General Practice (GP) practices, local social welfare agencies and through self-referral. The Read Yourself Well (RYW) scheme was based on principles established from other similar schemes and as a way of delivering support for adults experiencing mild to moderate mental health problems for whom clinical treatments are not appropriate. The intervention consisted of initial referral and evaluation by the scheme bibliotherapist, a one-hour session at the beginning and end of the intervention where a purpose-designed questionnaire and two mental health assessments were carried out (the General Health Questionnaire and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation questionnaire). Contact and support from the bibliotherapist was provided during the intervention period. One hundred and fifty-seven participants were recruited to the evaluation of whom 114 provided full data. Statistical analyses of the mental health scores showed significant improvements post treatment, for, both male and female participants, for all three referral routes, and for participants who were previously library users, and those who joined the library service to participate in the RYW scheme. The results of this large sample evaluation support the proposal that library-based bibliotherapy can be effective in the treatment of mental health problems.

  13. Counting on Frank: Using bibliotherapy in mathematics teaching to prevent de-geniusing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph M. Furner


    Full Text Available Today the understanding of mathematics is critical in an increasingly technological age. Teachers must play an important role to ensure that all students display confidence in their ability to do mathematics. Often gifted students of mathematics can be made to feel bad by their peers just because they know mathematics and things come easily to them. Children’s and adolescent literature has now been recognised as a means of teaching mathematics to students through the use of stories to make the mathematics concepts relevant and meaningful. Literature can also be used as a form of therapy to reach students who may be frustrated with children picking on them for being good at mathematics. Story and picture books such as Counting on Frank, Math Curse and A Gebra Named Al are now available to use in the classroom as forms of bibliotherapy in helping students come to terms with issues relating to mathematics that haunt them. In this article we discuss the phenomenon of dumbing down by the gifted population to fit in with their peers. We propose using reading and discussion (bibliotherapy to aid in preventing de-geniusing of mathematically gifted students.

  14. Effectiveness of bibliotherapy self-help for depression with varying levels of telephone helpline support. (United States)

    Bilich, Linda L; Deane, Frank P; Phipps, Andrew B; Barisic, Marcella; Gould, Grahame


    The effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural bibliotherapy self-help package, with varied levels of telephone support, delivered through a mental health telephone service was examined with 84 mildly to moderately depressed adults. The study compared the changes in depressive symptoms of three groups: control, self help with minimal contact and self-help with telephone assistance. Both the minimal contact and the assisted self-help groups had significant reductions in their levels of depression compared with the control group. Treatment gains were maintained at a 1-month follow-up. The potential of self-help resources such as this to be successfully disseminated and delivered through a national mental health telephone information service is discussed.

  15. Self-help treatment for insomnia: bibliotherapy with and without professional guidance. (United States)

    Mimeault, V; Morin, C M


    Fifty-four adults with primary insomnia were randomly assigned to a self-help treatment (cognitive-behavioral bibliotherapy [BT]), BT with weekly phone consultations, or a waiting-list control (WL) group. Treated participants were mailed 6 treatment booklets at the rate of 1 booklet per week; 1/2 of them also received minimal professional guidance through a 15-min weekly phone consultation. The WL group members continued to monitor their sleep during this period. Participants in both treatment conditions improved significantly on the main outcome variables (total wake time and sleep efficiency) at posttreatment, whereas WL participants remained unchanged. The addition of weekly phone calls slightly enhanced improvements at posttreatment. However, both treatment conditions were comparable at follow-up. These results suggest that BT, with or without minimal professional guidance, is an effective approach for treating primary insomnia.

  16. Feasibility and Acceptability of Bibliotherapy and Telephone Sessions for the Treatment of Late-life Anxiety Disorders. (United States)

    Brenes, Gretchen A; McCall, W Vaughn; Williamson, Jeff D; Stanley, Melinda A


    This article describes the development of Biblio and Telephone Therapy or BTT, a cognitive-behavioral treatment program for late-life anxiety disorders. Although studies have examined bibliotherapy for the treatment of late-life depression, none have studied it as a format for treating late-life anxiety. The application of this treatment to 4 older adults with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and/or Panic Disorder (PD) is described and benefits, advantages and limitations are discussed.

  17. An investigation into the effectiveness of bibliotherapy and minimal contact interventions in the treatment of panic attacks. (United States)

    Febbraro, Greg A R


    The present study investigated the effectiveness of bibliotherapy and minimal therapist-contact interventions in the treatment of panic attacks. Individuals were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (1) bibliotherapy alone (BT); (2) bibliotherapy plus phone contact (BT+PC); or (3) phone contact alone (PC). Assessment (pre- and post-treatment) and treatment (8 weeks in duration) were conducted via mail and phone. Individuals receiving BT and BT+PC exhibited significant reductions from pre- to post-treatment on panic cognitions and fear of having a panic attack. Individuals receiving BT+PC exhibited significant reductions from pre- to post-treatment on panic symptoms and avoidance. In addition, individuals in the BT and BT+PC groups were more likely to exhibit clinically significant improvement on most dependent measures relative to PC alone. On some measures, individuals in the BT+PC group did clinically better than individuals in the BT group. Results of the present study also suggest that diagnosis may play some role in outcome.

  18. Bibliotherapy and information prescriptions: a summary of the published evidence-base and recommendations from past and ongoing Books on Prescription projects. (United States)

    Chamberlain, D; Heaps, D; Robert, I


    This paper summarizes the published evidence and reports from ongoing and completed projects that used Bibliotherapy and Information Prescription to deliver patient care. A literature search was conducted and relevant papers were summarized into: type of study, type of Bibliotherapy, client group and recommendations. In total, 65 papers were considered with 57 reviewed. A survey was also sent to Library Authorities subscribing to national survey standards asking for details about delivery of Information Prescription projects. There were 21 returned surveys. The experiences and recommendations were then summarized. The aim of the paper is to collate the evidence-base of written research and the experience and recommendations of projects into an easy format so that practitioners interested in using Bibliotherapy/Information Prescription/Books on Prescription have an understanding what they are, the extent of the evidence-base to inform practice, and highlight gaps in the research.

  19. Expanding the limits of bibliotherapy for panic disorder: randomized trial of self-help without support but with a clear deadline. (United States)

    Nordin, Sara; Carlbring, Per; Cuijpers, Pim; Andersson, Gerhard


    Cognitive behavioral bibliotherapy for panic disorder has been found to be less effective without therapist support. In this study, participants were randomized to either unassisted bibliotherapy (n=20) with a scheduled follow-up telephone interview or to a waiting list control group (n=19). Following a structured psychiatric interview, participants in the treatment group were sent a self-help book consisting of 10 chapters based on cognitive behavioral strategies for the treatment of panic disorder. No therapist contact of any kind was provided during the treatment phase, which lasted for 10 weeks. Results showed that the treatment group had, in comparison to the control group, improved on all outcome measures at posttreatment and at 3-month follow-up. The tentative conclusion drawn from these results is that pure bibliotherapy with a clear deadline can be effective for people suffering from panic disorder with or without agoraphobia.

  20. A comparison of bibliotherapy and face-to-face group therapy for children with anxiety disorders: Results of a randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arendt, Kristian Bech; Thastum, Mikael

    (James, James, Cowdrey, Soler & Choke, 2015), more studies of less intensive treatment formats are still warranted. Bibliotherapy is a low cost therapy with minimal therapist assistance, which in a few studies have been shown to result in favorable outcomes compared to waitlist and outcomes comparable...... to face-to-face treatment (e.g. Lyneham & Rapee, 2006, Cobham, 2012). The aim of the current study was to examine the efficacy of therapist supported group bibliotherapy compared to face-to-face group treatment using a randomized controlled design....

  1. 对大学图书馆阅读疗法的研究%The bibliotherapy of university library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Bibliotherapy, also known as book therapy, has two definitions in Webster's Third New International Dictionary:(1) selected readings assist medicine and psychiatry (2) to help solve personal matters by guidance to reading. A complementary psychotherapy method of alleviating or eliminating psychological disorders and promoting physical and mental health has certain advantages of promoting the psychological health education. Bibliotherapy is a interdisciplinary of medical psychology and library science. Chinese reading method already exists as a medical practice but no systematization and theorization. In dometstic country a few people do this research, so every university library should set up a high quality librarian to develop bibliotherapy and do research which can combine Individual therapy with group therapy and developmental reading with therapeutic reading. According to readers’ different grade and major, different reading requirement and mental characteristics, books and periodicals can be well recommended. Enhancing the understanding and effect of the students for the bibliotherapy to make bibliotherapy play a part in university mental health education.%阅读疗法(bibliotherapy),又称图书治疗,《韦氏新国际英语词典》第三版有两条释义:(1)有选择的读物辅助医学和精神病学的治疗;(2)通过有指导的阅读,帮助解决个人问题。缓解或消除心理疾患,促进身心健康的一种辅助心理治疗方法,在促进大学生心理健康方面有一定的优势。可以说阅读疗法是医学心理学与图书馆学交叉学科,中国阅读方法作为一种医学实践早已存在,只不过没有系统化,理论化。目前国内图书馆界仅有少数人在做此项。因此各学校图书馆应组建一支高素质图书馆馆员来开展阅读疗法及研究,把个体与群体治疗相结合,把发展性阅读与治疗性阅读相结合。按照读者的不同年级、专业,不同阅

  2. Does providing extended relapse prevention bibliotherapy to problem gamblers improve outcome? (United States)

    Hodgins, David C; Currie, Shawn R; el-Guebaly, Nady; Diskin, Katherine M


    Relapse rates among pathological gamblers are high with as many as 75% of gamblers returning to gambling shortly after a serious attempt to quit. The present study focused on providing a low cost, easy to access relapse prevention program to such individuals. Based on information collected in our ongoing study of the process of relapse, a series of relapse prevention booklets were developed and evaluated. Individuals who had recently quit gambling (N = 169) were recruited (through media announcements) and randomly assigned to a single mailing condition in which they received one booklet summarizing all of the relapse prevention information or a repeated mailing condition in which they received the summary booklet plus 7 additional booklets mailed to them at regular intervals over the course of a year period. Gambling involvement over the course of the 12-month follow-up period, confirmed by family or friends, was compared between the two groups. Results indicated that participants receiving the repeated mailings were more likely to meet their goal, but they did not differ from participants receiving the single mailing in frequency of gambling or extent of gambling losses. The results of this project suggest that providing extended relapse prevention bibliotherapy to problem gamblers does not improve outcome. However, providing the overview booklet may be a low cost, easy to access alternative for individuals who have quit gambling.

  3. A randomized trial of ACT bibliotherapy on the mental health of K-12 teachers and staff. (United States)

    Jeffcoat, Tami; Hayes, Steven C


    The mental health challenges of some vocations present a challenge for current intervention models. Bibliotherapy focused on transdiagnostic processes that might both prevent and alleviate a range of mental health distress could be an effective and practical approach. K-12 school personnel (N = 236; 91% female; 30-60 years old) responding to a wellness-oriented program announcement were randomized to receive an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) self-help volume or to a waitlist. Three-fourths were above clinical cutoffs in general mental health, depression, anxiety, or stress. Participants read the book for two months, completed exercises and quizzes, and after post assessment were followed for 10 weeks; waitlist participants were then also given the book with two months to complete it. Overall, participants showed significant improvement in psychological health. Significant preventive effects for depression and anxiety were observed along with significant ameliorative effects for those in the clinical ranges of depression, anxiety and stress. Follow up general mental health, depression, and anxiety outcomes were related to the manner in which participants used the workbook and to post levels of psychological flexibility.

  4. Moderators of the effects of indicated group and bibliotherapy cognitive behavioral depression prevention programs on adolescents' depressive symptoms and depressive disorder onset. (United States)

    Müller, Sina; Rohde, Paul; Gau, Jeff M; Stice, Eric


    We investigated factors hypothesized to moderate the effects of cognitive behavioral group-based (CB group) and bibliotherapy depression prevention programs. Using data from two trials (N = 631) wherein adolescents (M age = 15.5, 62% female, 61% Caucasian) with depressive symptoms were randomized into CB group, CB bibliotherapy, or an educational brochure control condition, we evaluated the moderating effects of individual, demographic, and environmental factors on depressive symptom reductions and major depressive disorder (MDD) onset over 2-year follow-up. CB group and bibliotherapy participants had lower depressive symptoms than controls at posttest but these effects did not persist. No MDD prevention effects were present in the merged data. Relative to controls, elevated depressive symptoms and motivation to reduce depression amplified posttest depressive symptom reduction for CB group, and elevated baseline symptoms amplified posttest symptom reduction effects of CB bibliotherapy. Conversely, elevated substance use mitigated the effectiveness of CB group relative to controls on MDD onset over follow-up. Findings suggest that both CB prevention programs are more beneficial for youth with at least moderate depressive symptoms, and that CB group is more effective for youth motivated to reduce their symptoms. Results also imply that substance use reduces the effectiveness of CB group-based depression prevention.

  5. Moderators of the Effects of Indicated Group and Bibliotherapy Cognitive Behavioral Depression Prevention Programs on Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms and Depressive Disorder Onset (United States)

    Müller, Sina; Rohde, Paul; Gau, Jeff M.; Stice, Eric


    We investigated factors hypothesized to moderate the effects of cognitive behavioral group-based (CB group) and bibliotherapy depression prevention programs. Using data from two trials (N = 631) wherein adolescents (M age = 15.5, 62% female, 61% Caucasian) with depressive symptoms were randomized into CB group, CB bibliotherapy, or an educational brochure control condition, we evaluated the moderating effects of individual, demographic, and environmental factors on depressive symptom reductions and major depressive disorder (MDD) onset over 2-year follow-up. CB group and bibliotherapy participants had lower depressive symptoms than controls at posttest but these effects did not persist. No MDD prevention effects were present in the merged data. Relative to controls, elevated depressive symptoms and motivation to reduce depression amplified posttest depressive symptom reduction for CB group, and elevated baseline symptoms amplified posttest symptom reduction effects of CB bibliotherapy. Conversely, elevated substance use mitigated the effectiveness of CB group relative to controls on MDD onset over follow-up. Findings suggest that both CB prevention programs are more beneficial for youth with at least moderate depressive symptoms, and that CB group is more effective for youth motivated to reduce their symptoms. Results also imply that substance use reduces the effectiveness of CB group-based depression prevention. PMID:26480199

  6. Improving patient access and choice: Assisted Bibliotherapy for mild to moderate stress/anxiety in primary care. (United States)

    Reeves, T; Stace, J M


    Current traditional methods of mental healthcare service delivery, based on 'specialists' providing 'outpatient appointments' for formal therapy, are often inappropriate for the needs of patients in primary care. The estimated numbers of adults with mental health problems are immense, and it is this, combined with Department of Health initiatives aimed at improving choice and access, which make it essential that new ways of delivering services are explored. This trial examines the use of an assisted self-help treatment package for mild to moderate stress/anxiety [Assisted Bibliotherapy (AB)] with an adult clinical population referred by their general practitioner. Assisted Bibliotherapy is a brief intervention (8 weeks), with limited therapist contact (20-min sessions). Non-parametric statistical testing of scores from the Zung Anxiety Scale and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation (CORE) questionnaire indicated positive results. There was significant improvement at post-treatment, which was maintained at 3 month follow-up. The results from this trial and a previous trial of AB by Kupshik & Fisher in 1999, indicate that it is an effective treatment which could be used as part of a stepped care approach to managing and treating stress/anxiety in primary care.

  7. The Changing Role of Anne of Green Gables from the Perspective of Biblio-therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Anne of Green Gables is L.M. Montgomery's masterpiece. In the book, Anne is initially a poor, ugly and uncultivated girl, and she even doesn't know how to pray. But she is also frank and pure and can never reconcile herself to insults. She struggles hard to protect women's personality and dignity, and pursues self-respect and self-esteem without fear or respite. Finally, she achieves happiness. This essay discusses Anne's character in the light of historical context, and more particularly, against a back-ground of the rules governing women's behaviour at the time the novel was written. What makes Anne change her attitude? Under-lying the discussion is the question:does Anne of Green Gables have anything to teach adolescents today? Anne is not initially inter-ested in conforming but gradually learns that she must do so in order to achieve happiness and harmony. Apologizing is an impor-tant part of this process. The essay focuses on five key apology scenes. In accordance with the principle of bibliotherapy, this essay demonstrates that Anne of Green Gables is a valuable model for teenage readers struggling with when, how and to what degree they should conform to social values and conventions. In the nineteenth century, women made up the majority of the reading public, when they were portrayed in literature, they were in the home. Undoubtfully, Anne of Green Gable is successfully made sense for the adolescents. It is a simple story about a child's basic needs of a home, love, friendship and acceptance. And it is also a psycho-logical study for adolescence to think, act and interact.

  8. Self-help books: bibliotherapy for happiness Libros de autoayuda: Biblioterapia para la felicidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanina Andrea Papalini


    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to specify several functions of bibliotherapies, focusing the case of self-help books. By the analysis of a sample of 60 books, we propose a number of parameters to classify self-help as a specific discursive genre. That characterisation involves theme, composition structures and literary style, all typical of the genre. The examination of self-help discursive devices enables to understand their performance on discomforms in subjectivty.  Sef-help books are answers imbuid both in hegemonic ideology and in common sense that characterize this period. In this way, its historical developement has had different stages recognizables by the explicit objectives of the books, the foundations of their efficacy and the fields to which their influence is restrincted. The systematization of this evolution –that this article presents- makes easier to understand the eclectisism of this contemporary phenomenom.
    En este artículo, analizo las funciones de las biblioterapias, ocupándome de un caso particular: los libros de autoayuda. A partir del análisis de un corpus de 60 libros, propongo un conjunto de parámetros que permitan clasificar a esta literatura como un género específico, definiendo el tema, el tipo de composición y el estilo que le son propios. El examen de su dispositivo discursivo permite comprender mejor su actuación en los malestares de la subjetividad.
    Los libros de autoayuda son respuestas cifradas en la ideología hegemónica y el sentido común de la época. Como tales, su desarrollo histórico reconoce distintas etapas identificadas según los objetivos prácticos que los textos persiguen, el discurso con el que legitiman su eficacia y el área a la que circunscriben su acción. La sistematización de esta evolución facilita la comprensión del ecléctico fenómeno contemporáneo.

  9. All at once or one at a time? A randomized controlled trial comparing two ways to deliver bibliotherapy for panic disorder. (United States)

    Carlbring, Per; Maurin, Tommy; Sjömark, Josefin; Maurin, Linda; Westling, Bengt E; Ekselius, Lisa; Cuijpers, Pim; Andersson, Gerhard


    Bibliotherapy is potentially effective in the treatment of panic disorder (PD). A still unanswered question is whether pacing is important. This study was designed to test whether there is a difference between being assigned a full book as therapy and receiving one individual chapter every week (i.e. pacing). A total of 28 participants were randomized to either 10 paced chapters or one book with 10 chapters. To maximize compliance, short weekly telephone calls were added in both conditions (M = 17.8 min, SD = 4.2). Both treatments showed promising results, with effects maintained up to 2 years and with within-group effect sizes (Cohen's d) between 0.95 and 1.11. Pretreatment ratings of credibility were positively correlated with the change scores at both posttest and 2-year follow-up for three panic measures. Pacing of text material in bibliotherapy for PD is not needed, and all material can be provided at once when the treatment is guided by a therapist.

  10. How effective is bibliotherapy-based self-help cognitive behavioral therapy with Internet support in clinical settings? Results from a pilot study. (United States)

    Högdahl, Louise; Birgegård, Andreas; Björck, Caroline


    Cognitive behavioral therapy-based guided self-help (CBT-GSH) via the Internet has been shown to be effective in the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN) and similar eating disorders (EDs), but it is rarely offered, and little is known about the effects, in clinical settings. The present study investigated the effects of a bibliotherapy-based CBT-GSH with Internet support in a clinical setting. Participants were 48 adult outpatients who were recruited without randomization from a specialized ED clinic, diagnosed with BN or similar eating disorder. Forty-eight patients in an intensive day patient program (DPP) were used as comparison group. The Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and the Eating Disorder Inventory 2 measured pre- and post treatment symptoms. Results showed that both groups attained significant improvements in core- as well as related ED symptoms in both instruments. As expected, treatment effects were larger in the more intensive DPP. Nonetheless, bibliotherapy CBT-GSH appears to be a cost-effective treatment that represents a new way to provide more CBT in clinical settings.

  11. Bibliotherapy: Practice and Research (United States)

    Jack, Sarah J.; Ronan, Kevin R.


    Recent years have witnessed an upsurge in the therapeutic use of books. With its initial roots in psychodynamic theory, available models emphasize features of the relationship between the personality of a reader and the cognitive and affective experience offered through literature. This article explores the historical development of bibliotherapy…

  12. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Clinician-Supported Problem-Solving Bibliotherapy for Family Caregivers of People With First-Episode Psychosis. (United States)

    Chien, Wai Tong; Thompson, David R; Lubman, Dan I; McCann, Terence V


    Family interventions for first-episode psychosis (FEP) are an integral component of treatment, with positive effects mainly on patients' mental state and relapse rate. However, comparatively little attention has been paid to the effects of family interventions on caregivers' stress coping and well-being, especially in non-Western countries. We aimed to test the effects of a 5-month clinician-supported problem-solving bibliotherapy (CSPSB) for Chinese family caregivers of people with FEP in improving family burden and carers' problem-solving and caregiving experience, and in reducing psychotic symptoms and duration of re-hospitalizations, compared with those only received usual outpatient family support (UOFS). A randomized controlled trial was conducted across 2 early psychosis clinics in Hong Kong, where there might be inadequate usual family support services for FEP patients. A total of 116 caregivers were randomly selected, and after baseline measurement, randomly assigned to the CSPSB or UOFS. They were also assessed at 1-week and 6- and 12-month post-intervention. Intention-to-treat analyses were applied and indicated that the CSPSB group reported significantly greater improvements in family burden and caregiving experience, and reductions in severity of psychotic symptoms and duration of re-hospitalizations, than the UOFS group at 6- and 12-month follow-up. CSPSB produces moderate long-term benefits to caregivers and FEP patients, and is a low-cost adjunct to UOFS.

  13. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Clinician-Supported Problem-Solving Bibliotherapy for Family Caregivers of People With First-Episode Psychosis (United States)

    Chien, Wai Tong; Thompson, David R.; Lubman, Dan I.; McCann, Terence V.


    Family interventions for first-episode psychosis (FEP) are an integral component of treatment, with positive effects mainly on patients’ mental state and relapse rate. However, comparatively little attention has been paid to the effects of family interventions on caregivers’ stress coping and well-being, especially in non-Western countries. We aimed to test the effects of a 5-month clinician-supported problem-solving bibliotherapy (CSPSB) for Chinese family caregivers of people with FEP in improving family burden and carers’ problem-solving and caregiving experience, and in reducing psychotic symptoms and duration of re-hospitalizations, compared with those only received usual outpatient family support (UOFS). A randomized controlled trial was conducted across 2 early psychosis clinics in Hong Kong, where there might be inadequate usual family support services for FEP patients. A total of 116 caregivers were randomly selected, and after baseline measurement, randomly assigned to the CSPSB or UOFS. They were also assessed at 1-week and 6- and 12-month post-intervention. Intention-to-treat analyses were applied and indicated that the CSPSB group reported significantly greater improvements in family burden and caregiving experience, and reductions in severity of psychotic symptoms and duration of re-hospitalizations, than the UOFS group at 6- and 12-month follow-up. CSPSB produces moderate long-term benefits to caregivers and FEP patients, and is a low-cost adjunct to UOFS. PMID:27147450

  14. Una biblioterapia posible, o «Juana, la del billete de mil» A possible bibliotherapy, or «Juana, the one on the one thousand note»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Deberti Martins


    Full Text Available En el presente artículo desarrollamos algunos conceptos básicos sobre la actividad de biblioterapia que llevamos a cabo en el Portal Amarillo (Centro Nacional de Información y Referencia en Drogas-Montevideo-Uruguay. Interdisciplinariedad, perfil del biblioterapeuta, simbolización, son algunos de los temas de este trabajo.In the present article, some basic concepts about the Bibliotherapy activity that we carry out in Portal Amarillo (Centro Nacional de Información y Referencia en Drogas-Montevideo-Uruguay are explained. Interdisciplinarity, Bibliotherapist profile, symbolization, are some of the subjects of the present article.

  15. A Controlled Study of Bibliotherapy on Social Function of Schizophrenia Patients at Convalescent Stage%阅读疗法对恢复期精神分裂症患者社会功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    目的 探讨阅读疗法对恢复期精神分裂症患者社会功能的影响.方法 在药物治疗的基础上,观察组60例恢复期精神分裂症患者实施阅读疗法,对照组60例恢复期精神分裂症患者给予一般的心理支持治疗.两组患者分别于入组时、入组8周时、入组16周时用康复状态量表(MRSS)、社会功能缺陷筛选量表(SDSS)、护士用住院患者观察量表(NOSIE-30)、日常生活能力量表(ADL)进行社会功能评定.结果 入组时两组间MRSS、NOSIE-30、SDSS、ADL评分比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);入组8周时观察组MRSS、NOSIE-30、SDSS、ADL评分与对照组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05或P<0.01);入组16周时观察组MRSS、NOSIE-30、SDSS、ADL评分与对照组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 阅读疗法对恢复期精神分裂症患者社会功能的改善效果肯定,是精神分裂症患者回归社会的有效途径.%Objective To explore the effects of bibliotherapy on the social function of schizophrenia patients at convalescent stage. Methods Both groups maintained antipsychotic treatment,the research group (60 cases) received additional bibliotherapy,while the control received common psychotherapy both for 3 months;MRSS, SDSS,NOSIE-30 and ADL were used to evaluate social function before and after 8,16-weeks treatment respectively. Results Between the two groups, the scores of MRSS, SDSS,NOSIE-30 and ADL had no significant difference before treatment(P > 0. 05), but had significant difference after the treatment of 16 weeks( P < 0. 0l ). Conclusion Bibliotherapy can improve the social function of the patients with schizophrenia at convalescent stage.

  16. 阅读疗法在预防和干预大学生抑郁症中的应用%Application of bibliotherapy in the prevention and treatment of depression in college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    目的:探索阅读疗法在大学生抑郁症患者中的实际效果。方法通过抑郁自评量表(self-rating depres-sion scale,SDS)调查,筛选轻中度抑郁症的学生86名,随机分为阅读治疗组和对照组。对阅读治疗组实施为期3个月的阅读治疗,对照组不予治疗。结果无论阅读治疗组自身前后的比较,还是组间的横向比较,SDS 量表测量测试值显著下降(P ﹤0.01)。结论阅读疗法在干预和预防大学生轻中度抑郁症过程中有明显疗效。%Objective:To explore the practical effect of bibliotherapy of depression among college students. Methods:Eighty-six students screened with the mild and moderate depression were randomly divided into treatment group and control group. Results:SDS test value in the treatment group decreased significantly in the comparison after the therapy and be-tween the groups(P ﹤ 0. 01). Conclusion:Bibliotherapy has significant effects on intervention and prevention of mild and moderate depression in college students.

  17. Bibliotherapy: "Literature as Exploration" Reconsidered (United States)

    Justman, Stewart


    In this article, the author examines Louise Rosenblatt's "Literature as Exploration," a popular textbook used since 1938 (in five successive editions) in high school English classrooms across America. He discusses how the one-time college roommate of Margaret Mead managed to transform teaching literature into a form of student therapy that…

  18. Using Bibliotherapy with Suspended Students (United States)

    Schreur, Greg


    Schools lack effective strategies for incorporating at-risk students as productive members of the broader educational community. Student misbehavior regularly results in removal from the educational setting, typically through the use of in- or out-of-school suspensions, even though research does not demonstrate that any kind of suspension serves…

  19. Strengthening Elementary School Bully Prevention with Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Heath, Melissa Allen; Moulton, Emily; Dyches, Tina Taylor; Prater, Mary Anne; Brown, Alec


    The consequences of bullying are both widespread and severe. It disrupts learning, threatens school safety, and poses long-term emotional repercussions for bullies, victims, and bystanders. Although multiple strategies have targeted bullying, bullying must be understood within a social contextual framework beyond the bully-victim dyad. Davis and…

  20. Bibliotherapy: Helping Children Cope with Life's Challenges (United States)

    Rozalski, Michael; Stewart, Angela; Miller, Jason


    Books have long been used by teachers to explore issues whose understanding is considered crucial to students' educational experience. Social studies teachers in middle and high school often rely on poignant stories to teach historical moments that are difficult for students to grasp. More recently, educators and medical health professionals have…

  1. Examining the Use of Bibliotherapy in a Third Grade Classroom (United States)

    Elley, Sara


    This six-week biliotherapy study was developed to determine if using children's literature books to help students think about, understand, and work through social and emotional issues helped third grade students' develop more social and emotional skills (Sullivan & Strang, 2002). Data collection included pre- and post-surveys, interruption…

  2. Bibliotherapy: A Resource to Facilitate Emotional Healing and Growth (United States)

    Heath, Melissa Allen; Sheen, Dawn; Leavy, Deon; Young, Ellie; Money, Kristy


    Children's literature is a therapeutic tool for facilitating emotional growth and healing. Stories provide a catalyst for change, providing children with other perspectives and options for thoughts, feelings and behaviours. Appropriately shared stories provide opportunities for children to gain insight and learn healthier ways to face…

  3. Materials on Creative Arts (Arts, Crafts, Dance, Drama, Music, Bibliotherapy) for Persons with Handicapping Conditions. Revised. (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC. Information and Research Utilization Center.

    Intended as a resource guide for persons who include such subjects as arts, crafts, dance, and music in programs for the handicapped, resources are listed for printed materials, audiovisual materials, resource persons and organizations, and material and equipment suppliers. Brief literature reviews sum up the state of the art in the specific art…

  4. Clinical outcomes of a new cognitive-behaviour bibliotherapy for premature ejaculation


    Kempeneers, Philippe; Andrianne, Robert; Bauwens, Sabrina; Blairy, Sylvie; Georis, Isabelle; Pairoux, Jean-françois


    INTRODUCTION. Premature ejaculation (PE) is a common sexual disorder. However, only few affected people consult clinicians in order to overcome this problem. Although no definitive consensus about its aetiology emerges, some mechanisms of PE are now well known. This allows more precise and efficient treatments, both at pharmacological as well as cognitive-behavioural levels. Further, studies have shown that reading didactical documents about their PE problem might be useful to men. Such appro...

  5. Help Is on the Way: Bibliotherapy Mashups Can Provide Students and Teachers with Handy Literature Resources (United States)

    Simkins, Michael


    Finding the right book with a main character successfully coping with a situation similar to the one he or she is facing and having it on hand are very real obstacles. With today's digital technologies, however, and a bit of innovative maneuvering, this could be a challenge of the past. This article discusses a futuristic approach used to deal…

  6. Bibliotherapy for Children with Anxiety Disorders Using Written Materials for Parents: A Randomized Controlled Trial (United States)

    Rapee, Ronald M.; Abbott, Maree J.; Lyneham, Heidi J.


    The current trial examined the value of modifying empirically validated treatment for childhood anxiety for application via written materials for parents of anxious children. Two hundred sixty-seven clinically anxious children ages 6-12 years and their parents were randomly allocated to standard group treatment, wait list, or a bibliotherapy…

  7. Beginning a Pre-Service Teacher's Mathematical Identity Work through Narrative Rehabilitation and Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Lutovac, Sonja; Kaasila, Raimo


    In our study, we face two challenges. First, a negative view of mathematics is a widespread phenomenon among pre-service elementary teachers. Therefore, teacher education programs should find a way to handle this phenomenon. Second, we see that identity work in the domain of mathematics education needs to be conceptualized more. Here, we apply an…

  8. How to cope with a loss: an outline on bibliotherapy from Proust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Fierro Bardají


    Full Text Available Psychology seeks to understand human beings through their behaviour. However, there are other sources to obtain such understanding which, at its highest level, is generally regarded as “wisdom”. Nowadays, wisdom is mainly found not only in philosophical texts and essays but also in literary works. This article draws from the work of Proust items of practical knowledge to cope with the loss of a beloved person, either by death or by disaffection.

  9. "Change My Thinking Patterns towards Maths": A Bibliotherapy Workshop for Pre-Service Teachers' Mathematics Anxiety (United States)

    Wilson, Sue; Raven, Monica


    In small-group workshops, a joint initiative of the researcher and the student counsellor, primary (elementary) pre-service teachers (PSTs) wrote about critical incidents in their mathematics learning, and shared them with the group. Then, PSTs read extracts about mathematics anxiety (maths anxiety), and wrote and shared their reflections…

  10. An examination of parenting the strong-willed child as bibliotherapy for parents. (United States)

    Forehand, Rex L; Merchant, Mary Jane; Long, Nicholas; Garai, Emily


    This study examined the Parenting the Strong-Willed Child (PSWC) book as a self-directed program for parents of 3- to 6-year-olds. Fifty-two parents were randomly assigned to PSWC or a comparison book, Touchpoints: Three to Six. Assessments occurred at baseline, postintervention (6 weeks after baseline), and 2-month follow-up. The findings indicated both books, but particularly PSWC, were associated with lower levels of child problem behavior after intervention. PSWC was associated with greater decreases in child problem behaviors on certain measures when amount of reading completed was taken into account. Parents reading PSWC reported that they were satisfied with the book and found the book useful and easy to implement. The findings are discussed in the contexts of both the percentage of parents who read the PSWC book and the cost-effectiveness of a self-directed intervention.

  11. Penggunaan Bibliotherapy dalam Membantu Penyesuaian Diri pada Mualaf Tionghoa Masjid Al-Islam Muhammad Cheng Ho Palembang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neny Noviza


    Full Text Available This paper is the result of research that reviewing the background of Chinese converts perform religious conversion to Islam, by taking three samples of the subjects on Chinese converts in Masjid Al-Islam Muhammad Cheng Ho. Factors that causing religious conversion on the first and second subject is the influence of interpersonal relationships and the influence of the advice from those closest. Meanwhile, the third subject motivated by self exemption from inner pressure and external factors that influence like loneliness and lack of recognition of the relatives of nearby people. These three subjects experienced all phases of religious conversion among the quiet period, disquiet period, the conversion period, a quiet and peaceful period, and a conversion expression. Environment is the strongest factor that drives the subjects perform religious conversion period. The subjects source to learn about the new religion are from friends, books, and religious leaders in Masjid Al-Islam Muhammad Cheng Ho. All subjects is a kind of volitional type (gradual change. The obtacles that faced is the adaptation to the new religion about how to do worship and to the family and work environment. When the subjects become a part of Al-Islam mosque Muhammad Cheng Ho, all the subjects find it easy to solve these problems, more curiosity about Islam, and get peace of mind.

  12. The effectiveness of a bibliotherapy in increasing the self-management ability of slightly to moderately frail older people

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frieswijk, N; Steverink, N; Buunk, BP; Slaets, JPJ; Buunk, Bram P.; Buunk, Abraham (Bram)


    Objective: Self-management ability (SMA) is the ability to obtain those resources necessary for the production of well-being. With age, SMA becomes increasingly important, if one has a large variety of resources, physical and psychosocial losses due to the aging process can be substituted or compens

  13. Bibliotherapy as a Problem-Solving Skill of Counsellors and Teachers for Character and Skills Development in Ogun State, Nigeria (United States)

    Shem, Magaji


    Emotional disturbance is a psychological situation in which one's feelings are heightened, causing anxiety to set in. This disturbance can lead to low academic achievements in affected students. It takes away children's attention from realities and this affect their academic, character and skills development that are of benefit to the individual…

  14. Modelling and Bibliotherapy as Tools to Enhance Pro-Social Interactions during English Language Arts Lessons with First Graders (United States)

    Nguyen, Neal; Lyons, Catherine; Gelfer, Jeff; Leytham, Patrick; Nelson, Leslie; Krasch, Delilah; O'Hara, Katie


    Play is one of the essential components in proper development of first-grade students. Since the adoption by various states of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), two outcomes have developed: (a) increased instructional time and (b) decreased public school recess periods across school districts. Given the complex nature of daily instructional…

  15. A teoria merleau-pontyana da linguagem e a biblioterapia / The merleau-ponty theory of language and bibliotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarice Fortkamp Caldin


    Full Text Available O artigo expõe o problema da linguagem, com abordagem fenomenológica, como foi tratado por Husserl e por Merleau-Ponty. Husserl considerou a linguagem um objeto do pensamento, essência de uma gramática universal. Merleau-Ponty defendeu a linguagem como meio por excelência de comunicação, cujos signos refletem a cultura e as palavras possuem corporeidade. A teoria merleau-pontyana da expressão admite duas linguagens: a fala falada e a fala falante. A linguagem falada é o conjunto das significações de uma língua; a linguagem falante é transfiguração dessas significações. É da fala falante, produtora de significados, que se ocupa a biblioterapia. Relata-se um Programa de Leitura Terapêutica desenvolvido em uma escola da rede pública estadual no interior da Ilha de Santa Catarina. Tal Programa contemplou leitura, narração e dramatização de textos ficcionais. Apostou no envolvimento dos alunos com o lúdico e o poético e creditou à literatura possibilidades terapêuticas. O diálogo posterior à história (a experiência do outro, a socialização (descontração e alegria e a retomada do texto (recriação foram considerados exercícios terapêuticos. Concluiu-se que a biblioterapia é um tratamento alternativo e despretensioso em que a fala, na leitura, narração ou dramatização pode agir como uma terapêutica.

  16. Integrating self-help books into psychotherapy. (United States)

    Campbell, Linda F; Smith, Thomas P


    This article describes a systematic and integral method of incorporating self-help books into psychotherapy as a collaborative function. We address the distinctions between self-help and bibliotherapy, consider bibliotherapy as adjunctive or integrative to psychotherapy, and outline the multiple uses of bibliotherapy for clinical purposes. How to apply self-help books in psychotherapy and ways to select books are illustrated by a case example. Indications and contraindications for bibliotherapy in therapy are outlined.

  17. Medicine for the Soul. (United States)

    Tietjen, Mildred C.

    Sixty-nine American Library Association (ALA) accredited graduate library school programs were surveyed to determine available library education opportunities in bibliotherapy. The survey revealed that only one school, Catholic University of America, offered a formal bibliotherapy course. Eight institutions indicated that bibliotherapy was handled…

  18. Biblioterapia: uma experiência com pacientes internados em clinica médica/Bibliotherapy: an experience with patients interned in medical clinica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Seitz


    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por finalidade apresentar resultados do estudo biblioterapêutico, realizado com pacientes internados em clinica médica. O foco central foi verificar o nível de aceitação da leitura como atividade de lazer por pacientes internados em clínica médica. A prática biblioterapêutica com pacientes internados em clínica médica demonstrou ser útil no processo de hospitalização, como fonte de lazer e de informação, na interação biblioterapeuta/paciente/enfermagem e, no processo de sociabilização, além, de proporcionar momentos de descontração e alegria aos pacientes, contribuindo para o bem estar mental dos mesmos. O estudo aponta para o importante papel da leitura enquanto atividade de lazer para pacientes hospitalizados, humanizando o processo de hospitalização. The present article has for purpose to present resulted of the library-therapeutic study, carried through with patients interned in medical clinic. The central focus was to verify the reading acceptance as leisure activity by in-patients at Medical Clinic, through library-therapy practice. The library-therapy practice with in-patients at Medical clinic showed to be useful in the hospitalization process as leisure source and information, in library-therapist/patient/nursing interaction and, in the socialization process. Besides, it brought pleasant moments and joy to the patients, contributing for mental welfare of them. The study points out the important role of reading while leisure activity for hospitalized patients, humanizing the hospitalization process.

  19. La Biblioterapia como complemento en el ámbito educativo


    Salinas, Walquiria


    This report aims to demonstrate the possibilities offered by bibliotherapy in elementary schools as educational assistance to students with certain problems. Learning difficulties may be reduced with the use of bibliotherapy exercised by the Master Librarian with the support of the educational community.

  20. Living Library Provides A New Impulsion for Bibliotherapy in Higher Education Institutions%Living Library为高校开展阅读疗法提供新契机

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李萍; 周艳


    阅读疗法的理论、实践在我国已取得长足发展,但还未得到普及和推广.Living Library作为图书馆新型的服务方式,为阅读疗法常态化机制的建立提供了新契机.该文简要介绍了阅读疗法与Living Library的兴起与现状,分析了高校图书馆传统的阅读疗法存在的不足与高校开展Living Library活动的巨大潜力,从Living Library的主题确定、Living Book的甄选、编目和管理、导读及阅读疗法的常态化机制的建立上阐述了Living Library与阅读疗法的融合.指出Living Library可以克服阅读疗法信息单向流动的弊端,实现了“书”与读者之间的双向交流互动.

  1. Metode Biblioterapi dan Diskusi Dilema Moral untuk Pengembangan Karakter Tanggungjawab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noviana Dewi


    Full Text Available This research aimed to know the effects of the methods of bibliotherapy and discussion on moral dilemma in enhancing responsible character. The subjects of the research were 65 students of “AN” divided into three groups; bibliotherapy experimental group, moral discussion experimental group and non-treatment control group. The research used pretest-posttest-follow-up design. The data of this experimental research were obtained by using scale of responsible character consisting of aspects of self-control skill, risk-taking for personal choice and seriousness of doing obligation to other. The data were then analyzed using SPSS.19 software program. The analysed factors indicated that there were five dimensions shaping students’ responsible character, namely carefulness, task oriented, excellence, preseverance and commitment. Based on the hypothesis test through one-way anava technique, it was concluded that the two methods have effect on the enchancement of students’ responsible character. Keywords: bibliotherapy, character, moral dilemma, responsibility

  2. A utilização da biblioterapia no ensino superior como apoio para a auto-ajuda: implementação de projeto junto aos educandos em fase de processo monográfico / Bibliotherapy use in higher education as support for self help: implementation of a project with learners in monograph process phase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neiva Dulce Suzart Alves Bahiana


    Full Text Available A escolha do tema, que será abordado a seguir, teve como propósito: a identificar, refletir e trazer à discussão, as práticas e projeções pedagógicas e familiares relacionadas ao uso da biblioterapia que induzem a comunidade universitária a futuras interações e à prática da leitura; b empreender uma simples análise dos aspectos referentes à utilização da biblioterapia como apoio na formação do sujeito cognitivo, suas implicações e benefícios. Serão relatadas, metodologicamente, experiências vivenciadas em uma faculdade particular, situada no município de Valença, trazendo a lume o nível de stress dos educandos do oitavo semestre do curso de Pedagogia da Faculdade de Ciências Educacionais - FACE, dados coletados através dos métodos estatísticos, significado social da utilização da biblioterapia na formação do senso crítico do sujeito, na era dos avanços tecnológicos, auto-ajuda no combate ao stress na jornada acadêmica. Esperamos que os conjuntos dessas reflexões sirvam para fomentar a questão, incentivar o uso da biblioterapia sob prismas lúdicos, fantasiosos e resgatar a arte de sonhar, entendido como direito universal o que concorre para a redução da depressão, stress, agressividade, atuando diretamente no alívio das tensões psicológicas dos universitários baianos.

  3. A biblioterapia na humanização da assistência hospitalar do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina – HU/UFSC/Bibliotherapy for the hospital care humanization in the university hospital of Santa Catarina Federal University – HU/UFSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Seitz


    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por finalidade apresentar resultados do estudo realizado com pacientes, acompanhantes e funcionários das Unidades de Internação Cirúrgica do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UIC/HU/UFSC. O foco central foi o de verificar até que ponto a prática biblioterapêutica e as atividades de lazer contribuem no processo de Humanização da Assistência Hospitalar dos pacientes internados nas (UIC/HU/UFSC, na percepção dos pacientes, acompanhantes, funcionários da enfermagem e assistentes sociais da referida unidade de internação. Foram entrevistados 16 pacientes, 11 acompanhantes e 13 funcionários da enfermagem e assistentes sociais. As atividades de lazer analisadas neste estudo foram a prática biblioterapêutica, as atividades do grupo Reaja e a dança. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa e qualitativa. Quanto ao procedimento técnico, a presente pesquisa é classificada como estudo de caso, no qual, utilizou-se, para a coleta dos dados a entrevista estruturada e, cujos resultados demonstram que as atividades contribuem muito na Humanização da Assistência Hospitalar dos pacientes internados na UIC/HU/UFSC. This article has for purpose to present resulted of the study carried through with patients, companions and employees of the Units of Surgical Internment of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UIC/HU/UFSC. The central focus was to verify until point the practical library-therapy and the activities of leisure contribute in the process of Humanization of the Hospital Assistance of the patients interned in (UIC/HU/UFSC, in the perception of the patients, companions, employees of the nursing and social assistants of the related unit of internment. 16 patients, 11 companions and 13 social employees of the nursing and assistants had been interviewed. The analyzed activities of leisure in this study had been the practical library-therapy, the activities of the group React and the dance. One is about a quantitative and qualitative research. How much to the procedure technician, the present research is classified as case study, in which, it was used, for the collection of the data structuralized interview e, whose resulted they demonstrate that the activities contribute very in the Humanization of the Hospital Assistance of the patients interned in the UIC/HU/UFSC.

  4. The Gorilla Did It!: Integration of Art Therapy and Language Arts in the Public Schools. (United States)

    Dunn-Snow, Peggy


    Responds to a study that found that group art therapy, bibliotherapy, and whole language instruction provide a good match for interdisciplinary learning for special needs students. Reviews and analyzes published literature in these areas, as well as in interdisciplinary instruction. Looks at program procedures and strengths and weaknesses. (RJM)

  5. The Uses of Juvenile Fiction and Self-Help Books with Stepfamilies. (United States)

    Coleman, Marilyn; Ganong, Lawrence H.


    Advocates use of bibliotherapy as an adjunct to counseling with stepchildren and remarried adults. Information to guide the selection and use of fiction and self-help books for children and adolescents is provided. Also mentioned are other audiences and uses for the adolescent fiction. (Author)

  6. Helping Young Children Cope with Separation: A Bibliotherapeutic Approach. (United States)

    Bernstein, Joanne E.

    Adults who wish to help children come to terms with loss from death, divorce, and other separations have a good ally in books. While not a complete cure, bibliotherapy can help children cope with loss by engaging the emotions and freeing them for conscious and productive use. Numerous books have appeared for children to read, enjoy, and use in…

  7. Hip Hop Therapy: An Exploratory Study of a Rap Music Intervention with At-Risk and Delinquent Youth. (United States)

    Tyson, Edgar H.


    Presents an exploratory study of the therapeutic potential of "Hip-Hop" therapy, an "innovative synergy of rap music, bibliotherapy, and music therapy." Finds that the quantitative and qualitative results partially supported the hypothesis that under a specific set of conditions rap music would improve the therapeutic experience and outcomes for…

  8. Play Therapy Applied by Parents for Children with Darkness Phobia: Comparison of Two Programmes (United States)

    Santacruz, Isabel; Mendez, Francisco J.; Sanchez-Meca, Julio


    Two play therapies applied by parents for darkness phobia in young children are compared. Seventy-eight children between the ages of 4 and 8 were recruited from twenty-seven schools. The participants were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: bibliotherapy and games, emotive performances, and no treatment. The treatments were applied…

  9. Coping with Bullying: What Answers does Children's Literature Provide? (United States)

    Flanagan, Kelly S.; Vanden Hoek, Kristin K.; Shelton, Andrew; Kelly, Sarah L.; Morrison, Chelsey M.; Young, Amy M.


    Bibliotherapy is a therapeutic tool for helping children deal with stressful events. Bullying and peer victimization is commonly experienced by children and has been associated with psychosocial maladjustment. However, research suggests that particular coping strategies may be more or less effective. As stories are one avenue through which…

  10. Helping Children Cope through Literature (United States)

    Lowe, Danielle F.


    As a primary educator, I have witnessed the impact literature can have on a child's life. Unfortunately, in our society children are exposed to a much higher level of violence, instability, and death than in previous years. To assist children through these difficult times, it is best to provide them with an outlet of expression. "Bibliotherapy",…

  11. Why is self-help neglected in the treatment of emotional disorders? A meta-analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Den Boer, PCAM; Wiersnia, D; Van den Bosch, RJ


    Background. Although the burden of emotional disorders is very high, mental health care is only available to a minority of patients. The literature suggests that self-help strategies, both bibliotherapy and self-help groups alike, are effective for various, less serious complaints but it is unclear

  12. Creative Interventions with Traumatized Children (United States)

    Malchiodi, Cathy A., Ed.


    Rich with case material and artwork samples, this volume demonstrates a range of creative approaches for facilitating children's emotional reparation and recovery from trauma. Contributors include experienced practitioners of play, art, music, movement and drama therapies, bibliotherapy, and integrative therapies, who describe step-by-step…

  13. The Impact of Biblio Group Counseling Supported with the Story of "The Little Prince" upon Mindfulness (United States)

    Ilbay, Azmi Bayram


    Using books for healing psychological health is becoming popular day by day. In this process bibliotherapy brings forward suggestions of psychological insight, relieving by identification, relieving from suppressed feelings by discharging and reflecting emotions. The aim of this research is to analyse the effect of biblio group counseling…

  14. Do You Ever Feel That Way? A Story and Activities about Families and Feelings (United States)

    Kanewischer, Erica J. W.


    This article provides an intervention to be used with young children in the foster care or adoption system. "Do You Ever Feel That Way? A Story and Activities About Families and Feelings" is a bibliotherapy-based intervention to be used with young children who have experienced removal from their homes due to abuse or neglect. The narrative tells…

  15. "Character" Building: Using Literature to Connect with Youth (United States)

    Regan, Kelley; Page, Patricia


    This article describes a bibliotherapy program where graduate students work with students with emotional and behavioral disabilities. In a teacher preparation program, 20 graduate students observed 16 literature selections and considered how the characters and themes in these novels could help to facilitate the social-emotional learning of…

  16. Adapting a MOOC for Research: Lessons Learned from the First Presentation of "Literature and Mental Health: Reading for Wellbeing" (United States)

    Hodge, Rachael


    The University of Warwick's FutureLearn MOOC "Literature and Mental Health: Reading for Wellbeing," which began its first presentation February 2016, was identified as an opportunity to conduct some research into the course subject area, "reading for wellbeing" or "bibliotherapy". Since 2013, a substantial body of…

  17. Do Anxiety-Disordered Children Need to Come into the Clinic for Efficacious Treatment? (United States)

    Cobham, Vanessa E.


    Objective: This study compared 3 experimental conditions: wait-list, therapist-supported bibliotherapy, and individual therapy, in the treatment of child anxiety. Method: Participants were 55 children (25 girls and 30 boys), aged 7 to 14 years diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, and their parents. Families were assigned using a modified random…

  18. Hip Hop Therapy: An Exploratory Study of a Rap Music Intervention with At-Risk and Delinquent Youth. (United States)

    Tyson, Edgar H.


    Presents an exploratory study of the therapeutic potential of "Hip-Hop" therapy, an "innovative synergy of rap music, bibliotherapy, and music therapy." Finds that the quantitative and qualitative results partially supported the hypothesis that under a specific set of conditions rap music would improve the therapeutic…

  19. Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents Outperforms Two Alternative Interventions: A Randomized Efficacy Trial (United States)

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Seeley, John R.; Gau, Jeff M.


    In this depression prevention trial, 341 high-risk adolescents (mean age = 15.6 years, SD = 1.2) with elevated depressive symptoms were randomized to a brief group cognitive-behavioral (CB) intervention, group supportive-expressive intervention, bibliotherapy, or assessment-only control condition. CB participants showed significantly greater…

  20. Understanding (Dis)abilities through Children's Literature (United States)

    Kurtts, Stephanie A.; Gavigan, Karen W.


    The authors of this article examined how pre-service teachers can use children's and young adult literature about disabilities to enhance understanding of individual differences through a bibliotherapeutic approach. An introduction to bibliotherapy is provided along with related literature from the field. Strategies for using children's and young…

  1. Using Fairy Tales to Change Perceptions of Self and Others. (United States)

    Gornicki, Sylvia B.

    Fairy tales can be used in the classroom to promote normal growth and development as well as carry a message of hope and faith in the strength and goodness of humans. Because fairy tales are imaginative literature, readers can safely experience and work through scary situations which are analogous to situations in real life. Bibliotherapy refers…

  2. A Study on Emotional Healing Efficacy of Fiction for Undergraduate


    Chen Su-May Sheih; Pi-Fen Chang Chien


    In modern society, undergraduates may encounter multiple pressures and thus feel the sense of alienation, anxiety, disturbance and depression. For undergraduates, reading can be independently conducted without the intervention of an instructor; therefore, undergraduates who feel reluctant to expose private emotions to counselors can help themselves through the reading of emotional healing books. This is the application of bibliotherapy. Among various resources, fiction can serve as an appropr...

  3. Art Therapy and its Application in the Field of Education


    Korbut, Anna


    The article broaches the subject of art therapy, which is also known as therapy through art. The activities carried out within it are based on the use of the therapeutic properties of the art practice. Art therapy is an extremely large concept and contains in itself many therapies based on its actions in art. Art therapy includes: therapy, which is based on plastic arts, music therapy, bibliotherapy, dramatherapy, dancetherapy and others. Writing about the properties of art therapy should als...

  4. Effects of three depression prevention interventions on risk for depressive disorder onset in the context of depression risk factors. (United States)

    Rohde, Paul; Stice, Eric; Gau, Jeff M


    Study aims were to identify subgroups of adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms who had the highest likelihood of developing future major/minor depressive disorder on the basis of depression risk factors and participation in three depression prevention programs, with the goal of evaluating the preventive effect of indicated prevention interventions in the context of known risk factors. Adolescents (N = 341) with elevated depressive symptoms were randomized to one of four prevention intervention conditions (cognitive-behavioral group, supportive-expressive group, cognitive-behavioral bibliotherapy, educational brochure control). By 2-year follow-up, 14% showed onset of major/minor depressive disorders. Classification tree analysis (CTA) revealed that negative attributional style was the most important risk factor: Youth with high scores showed a 4-fold increase in depression onset compared to youth who did not endorse this attributional style. For adolescents with negative attributional style, prevention condition emerged as the most important predictor: Those receiving bibliotherapy showed a 5-fold reduction in depression disorder onset relative to adolescents in the three other intervention conditions. For adolescents who reported low negative attributional style scores, elevated levels of depressive symptoms at baseline emerged as the most potent predictor. Results implicate two key pathways to depression involving negative attributional style and elevated depressive symptoms in this population, and suggest that bibliotherapy may offset the risk conveyed by the most important depression risk factor in this sample.

  5. Reducing therapist contact in cognitive behaviour therapy for panic disorder and agoraphobia in primary care: global measures of outcome in a randomised controlled trial. (United States)

    Sharp, D M; Power, K G; Swanson, V


    BACKGROUND: Panic disorder, with and without agoraphobia, is a prevalent condition presenting in general practice. Psychological treatments are effective but are limited by restricted availability. Interest has grown in methods by which the efficiency and thus availability of psychological treatments can be improved, with particular emphasis on reduced therapist contact formats. AIM: To evaluate the relative efficacy in a primary care setting of a cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) delivered at three levels of therapist contact: standard contact, minimum contact, and bibliotherapy. METHOD: A total of 104 patients were randomly allocated to receive standard therapist contact, minimum therapist contact or bibliotherapy, with 91 patients completing treatment. All patients received an identical treatment manual and were seen by the same psychologist therapist. Outcome was reported in terms of brief global ratings of severity of illness, change in symptoms, and levels of social disruption. These brief measures were chosen to be suitable for use in general practice and were used at treatment entry and endpoint. RESULTS: The standard therapist contact group had the strongest and most comprehensive treatment response, showing significant differences from the bibliotherapy group on all, and the minimum therapist contact group on some, endpoint measures. Some reduction in efficacy was therefore found for the reduced therapist contact groups. CONCLUSION: The standard therapist contact group showed the greatest treatment efficacy in the present study. As it was of notably shorter duration than many other current formulations of CBT, it represents a useful and efficient treatment for panic disorder and agoraphobia in primary care. PMID:11224967

  6. A self-help behavioral activation treatment for geriatric depressive symptoms. (United States)

    Moss, Kathryn; Scogin, Forrest; Di Napoli, Elizabeth; Presnell, Andrew


    This study investigated behavioral activation (BA) bibliotherapy as a treatment for late-life depressive symptoms. BA bibliotherapy was administered using Addis and Martell's Overcoming depression one step at a time as a stand-alone treatment that was completed by participants (N=26) over a 4-week period [Addis, M.E., & Martell, C.R. (2004). Overcoming depression one step at a time. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.]. Results of an immediate intervention group were compared with those of a delayed treatment control group and treatment response for both groups was evaluated at 1-month follow-up. Primary outcome results showed that symptoms on a clinician-rated measure of depressive symptoms, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, were significantly lower at post-treatment for those who received immediate BA bibliotherapy compared with those who were in the delayed treatment control condition. However, self-reported depressive symptoms (a secondary outcome measured via the Geriatric Depression Scale), were not significantly different at this period. Because study control was lost after the delayed treatment group received the intervention, within-subjects analyses examining both treatment groups combined showed that clinician-rated depressive symptoms significantly decreased from pre-treatment to both post-treatment and 1-month follow-up. Self-reported depressive symptoms were significantly lower from pre-treatment to 1-month follow-up. These findings suggest that BA may be useful in treating mild or subthreshold depressive symptoms in an older adult population.

  7. Kreativität in der psychosozialen Online-Beratung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelheid Primus


    Full Text Available In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden kreative Ausdrucksformen in der Online-Beratung heraus-gegriffen und Beispiele angeführt. Dabei werden sowohl einige kreativtherapeutische Methoden, wie die Poesie- und Bibliotherapie, als auch in der Online-Beratung anwendbare literarische Gattungen beschrieben. So können Beraterinnen und Berater kreativ auf Anfragetexte antworten, indem sie etwa ein "Elfchen" verfassen oder einen Perspektivenwechsel vornehmen. Von Kreativtherapie sprechen wir jedoch erst dann, wenn die oder der Ratsuchende dazu ermuntert wird, eine kreative Methode anzuwenden. Hier eignen sich autobiografische Selbstreflexionen oder aber auch Gedichte.

  8. Editorial: Webotherapy and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Noruzi


    Full Text Available The term 'webotherapy' is coined for the use of web resources to effect a change in a person's thinking or behavior. The term 'webotherapy' has been derived from "bibliotherapy". Webotherapy can be defined as the use of web resources in the treatment of people with emotional problems or mental illness. It is a technique that uses web resources to help individuals resolve complex problems from physical disabilities to mental illness and to help clients cope with changes and challenges in their lives. Through fiction and non-fiction web resources clients can escape into new identities and roles and sample life-styles vicariously.

  9. Relation of depression to perceived social support: results from a randomized adolescent depression prevention trial. (United States)

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Gau, Jeff; Ochner, Chris


    Theorists posit that certain behaviors exhibited by depressed individuals (e.g., negative self-statements, dependency, reassurance seeking, inappropriate or premature disclosures, passivity, social withdrawal) reduce social support, yet there have been few experimental tests of this hypothesis. Using data from a randomized depression prevention trial (N=253) involving adolescents (M age=15.5, SD=1.2), we tested whether a cognitive behavioral group intervention that significantly reduced depressive symptoms relative to bibliotherapy and educational brochure control conditions through 2-year follow-up produced improvements in perceived parental and friend social support and whether change in depressive symptoms mediated the effect on change in social support. Cognitive behavioral group participants showed significantly greater increases in perceived friend social support through 1-year follow-up relative to bibliotherapy and brochure controls, but there were no significant effects for perceived parental support. Further, change in depressive symptoms appeared to mediate the effects of the intervention on change in perceived friend support. Results provide experimental support for the theory that depressive symptoms are inversely related to perceived social support, but imply that this effect may be specific to friend vs. parental support for adolescents.

  10. A current reader's response to the article of 50 years ago by Karpman, B. (1949): "The principles and methods of objective psychotherapy". (United States)

    Luborsky, L


    The first aim is to describe the psychotherapy of 1949 in the light of today's psychotherapies. The old psychotherapy is suited to treating severely ill patients. It does not use free association, but rather is focused on current problems. It uses dreams, yet it also uses homework and bibliotherapy. The second aim is to critique the treatment. Consistent with its era. it does not make use of medications, and there is an absence of references to psychotherapy research, which was then just starting. The treatment relies over-heavily on the authority of the therapist. A third aim is to describe the changes in our field in the past 50 years and examine the predictions for the future. Although the treatment is called objective psychotherapy, it does not make use of the most up-to-date means of measuring accuracy of interpretations, such as the Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT) method and other methods like it.

  11. Transpersonal psychotherapy. (United States)

    Boorstein, S


    The history, theory, and practice of Transpersonal (or Spiritual) Psychotherapy are presented. The author describes his own evolution from a traditional psychoanalyst to a psychotherapist who uses the tools and wisdom from spiritual traditions to enhance traditional psychotherapy while, at the same time, improving the self system of the therapist. Dangers as well as benefits of the spiritual approach are outlined. The creation and holding of a spiritual or transpersonal context is described and ways to ascertain, in the clinical situation, the appropriateness of such an approach are explained. The use of bibliotherapy to help transform and expand the worldview of the patient is outlined. Prayer and meditational systems also have a healing role in this approach. To illustrate the uses of Transpersonal Psychotherapy in practice, four cases are presented: 1) a paranoid schizophrenic man, 2) a well-functioning borderline person, 3) a very poorly functioning borderline person, and 4) a high-functioning neurotic man who had been in psychoanalysis.

  12. Behavioral interventions for office-based care: interventions in the family medicine setting. (United States)

    Larzelere, Michele McCarthy


    The practice of family medicine includes the care of many patients with mental health or behavior change needs. Patients in mild to moderate distress may benefit from brief interventions performed in the family physician's office. Patients in more extreme distress may be helped by referral to behavioral health clinicians for short-term or open-ended therapies. Electronic therapy programs and bibliotherapy are also useful resources. The transition to the patient-centered medical home model may allow for more widespread integration of behavioral health care clinicians into primary care, in person and through telemental health care. Integrated care holds the promise of improved access, greater effectiveness of behavioral health service provision, and enhanced efficiency of primary care for patients with behavioral health care needs.

  13. [Internet-based approaches in the therapy of eating disorders]. (United States)

    Fichter, M M; Quadflieg, N; Nisslmüller, K; Lindner, S; Voderholzer, U; Wünsch-Leiteritz, W; Osen, B; Huber, T; Zahn, S; Meermann, R; Irrgang, V; Bleichner, F


    Recent technological developments of communication media offer new approaches to diagnostic and therapeutic interactions with patients. One major development is Internet-based primary prevention in vulnerable individuals not yet suffering as well as the development of new therapeutic approaches for affected individuals based on the experiences of guided self-help through CD, DVD or bibliotherapy. The eating disorder literature shows several interesting, partly controlled and randomized, studies on bulimia nervosa, a few studies on binge eating disorder and no studies on anorexia nervosa. As part of the German Eating Disorder Network on Psychotherapy (EDNET) a 9-month Internet-based relapse prevention program for patients with anorexia nervosa after inpatient treatment was evaluated. Conception, first experiences and first results of the Internet-based relapse prevention program for anorexia nervosa are reported.

  14. Acceptability of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and self-directed therapies in Australians living with chronic hepatitis C. (United States)

    Stewart, Benjamin J R; Turnbull, Deborah; Mikocka-Walus, Antonina A; Harley, Hugh A J; Andrews, Jane M


    Despite the prevalence of psychiatric co-morbidity in chronic hepatitis C (CHC), treatment is under-researched. Patient preferences are likely to affect treatment uptake, adherence, and success. Thus, the acceptability of psychological supports was explored. A postal survey of Australian CHC outpatients of the Royal Adelaide Hospital and online survey of Australians living with CHC was conducted, assessing demographic and disease-related variables, psychosocial characteristics, past experience with psychological support, and psychological support acceptability. The final sample of 156 patients (58 % male) had significantly worse depression, anxiety, stress, and social support than norms. The most acceptable support type was individual psychotherapy (83 %), followed by bibliotherapy (61 %), pharmacotherapy (56 %), online therapy (45 %), and group psychotherapy (37 %). The most prominent predictor of support acceptability was satisfaction with past use. While individual psychotherapy acceptability was encouragingly high, potentially less costly modalities including group psychotherapy or online therapy may be hampered by low acceptability, the reasons for which need to be further explored.

  15. Applied Literature for Healing,

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    Susanna Marie Anderson


    Full Text Available In this qualitative research study interviews conducted with elite participants serve to reveal the underlying elements that unite the richly diverse emerging field of Applied Literature. The basic interpretative qualitative method included a thematic analysis of data from the interviews yielding numerous common elements that were then distilled into key themes that elucidated the beneficial effects of engaging consciously with literature. These themes included developing a stronger sense of self in balance with an increasing connection with community; providing a safe container to engage challenging and potentially overwhelming issues from a stance of empowered action; and fostering a healing space for creativity. The findings provide grounds for uniting the work being done in a range of helping professions into a cohesive field of Applied Literature, which offers effective tools for healing, transformation and empowerment. Keywords: Applied Literature, Bibliotherapy, Poetry Therapy, Arts in Corrections, Arts in Medicine

  16. Rumi from the Viewpoint of Spiritual Psychology and Counseling

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    Çınar KAYA


    Full Text Available Rumi was a renowned Sufi, spiritual teacher, and poet who has attracted both scholarly and non-scholarly attention all over the world. This paper aims to present Rumi’s life and his works and contributions in the fields of thought and spirituality within themes of potential importance for both general and spiritually oriented counseling by providing some biographical details to further the understanding of his personal development as well as his approaches and contributions regarding human nature, Sufism, asceticism, love, “nothingness” within unity, and death. A biographical analysis of Rumi’s own psychological transformation by Arasteh has also been presented. This paper also discusses the possibility of benefitting from Rumi texts as a resource for both spiritually oriented counseling and counseling in general, especially in the form of bibliotherapy, and attempts to outline the prospects and challenges of benefitting from Rumi and Sufi resources in general for psychotherapy and counseling.

  17. Living and telling stories of illness and hospitalization through fairy tales.

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    Rossella Caso


    Full Text Available What link exists beetween health and storytelling? The hypothesis that reading aloud could be an effective instrument in order to support the well-being of the hospitalized child, and that writing to stimulate the expression of their own inner world is the theoretical reference of the bibliotherapy, methology based on the notion that reading could be an effective instrument to promote the development and the well-being of the child and to favour him/her to get the maximum gain during the hospitalization experience. As for the writing, when they tell, children “tell about themselves” and they speak their wishes, feelings, emotions, fears, in a way that is figurative. Read their writings can become, in this sense, as well as a way to take-care-in, an useful key to the world of childhood and, ultimately, a way to improve the quality of care given to them. 

  18. Biblioterapia: uma prática para o desenvolvimento pessoal

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    Danielle Thiago Ferreira


    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo relatar investigações acerca da Biblioterapia, visando a interpretação da elaboração de Programas Biblioterápicos Básicos para o desenvolvimento pessoal. Assim, delimitou-se os aspectos principais de um Programa Biblioterápico, suas abordagens metodológicas, dando ênfase no papel dos profissionais envolvidos e suas interações, dentre eles, destacando a atuação do bibliotecário. This article has for objective tell to inquiries concerning the Bibliotherapy, aiming at the interpretation of the elaboration of Basic Bibliotherapics Programs for the personal development. Then, delimited the main aspects of a Bibliotherapic Program, its metodologicals boardings, giving to emphasis in the paper of the involved professionals and its interactions, amongst them, detaching the performance of the librarian.

  19. The introduction of a healthy reading scheme for people with mental health problems: usage and experiences of health professionals and library staff. (United States)

    Robertson, Roma; Wray, Steven J; Maxwell, Margaret; Pratt, Rebekah J


    Objective This study aimed to explore utilisation of a 'healthy reading' service and to offer further insight into improving the processes and uptake of book prescribing so that more people have the opportunity to access this treatment.Method Semi-structured interviews with librarians and prescribers. Collection of routine library data.Results The scheme was thought to have been well organised, and borrowings by library users were high. A prescription was presented for 17% of borrowings. Health professionals who already used bibliotherapy in their practice were particularly positive about the scheme. There is potential to increase prescribing from other health professionals, especially general practitioners (GPs). Barriers to use included remembering the service, lack of knowledge about resources, concerns that patients would find resources difficult to use, and the time required within the consultation.Conclusion This research showed that the healthy reading scheme provided a useful treatment option for patients with mild mental health problems and was also well used by library members. Regular reminders about the service and training for prescribers have the potential to increase patient access to resources. Further research is required to determine whether this model of bibliotherapy meets the needs of users of healthy reading materials in accessing the service.Healthy reading has a place in stepped care models for improving mental health at both community and primary care levels. As well as being used as an adjunct therapy it could, in some cases, be an alternative to antidepressant prescribing and help reduce waiting lists for more staff-intensive psychological therapies.

  20. Cultural Adaptation of Minimally Guided Interventions for Common Mental Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (United States)

    Heim, Eva; Chowdhary, Neerja; Maercker, Andreas; Albanese, Emiliano


    Background Cultural adaptation of mental health care interventions is key, particularly when there is little or no therapist interaction. There is little published information on the methods of adaptation of bibliotherapy and e-mental health interventions. Objective To systematically search for evidence of the effectiveness of minimally guided interventions for the treatment of common mental disorders among culturally diverse people with common mental disorders; to analyze the extent and effects of cultural adaptation of minimally guided interventions for the treatment of common mental disorders. Methods We searched Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO for randomized controlled trials that tested the efficacy of minimally guided or self-help interventions for depression or anxiety among culturally diverse populations. We calculated pooled standardized mean differences using a random-effects model. In addition, we administered a questionnaire to the authors of primary studies to assess the cultural adaptation methods used in the included primary studies. We entered this information into a meta-regression to investigate effects of the extent of adaptation on intervention efficacy. Results We included eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) out of the 4911 potentially eligible records identified by the search: four on e-mental health and four on bibliotherapy. The extent of cultural adaptation varied across the studies, with language translation and use of metaphors being the most frequently applied elements of adaptation. The pooled standardized mean difference for primary outcome measures of depression and anxiety was -0.81 (95% CI -0.10 to -0.62). Higher cultural adaptation scores were significantly associated with greater effect sizes (P=.04). Conclusions Our results support the results of previous systematic reviews on the cultural adaptation of face-to-face interventions: the extent of cultural adaptation has an effect on intervention efficacy

  1. Efficacy of a behavioral self-help treatment with or without therapist guidance for co-morbid and primary insomnia -a randomized controlled trial

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    Jernelöv Susanna


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cognitive behavioral therapy is treatment of choice for insomnia, but availability is scarce. Self-help can increase availability at low cost, but evidence for its efficacy is limited, especially for the typical insomnia patient with co-morbid problems. We hypothesized that a cognitive behaviorally based self-help book is effective to treat insomnia in individuals, also with co-morbid problems, and that the effect is enhanced by adding brief therapist telephone support. Methods Volunteer sample; 133 media-recruited adults with insomnia. History of sleep difficulties (mean [SD] 11.8 [12.0] years. 92.5% had co-morbid problems (e.g. allergy, pain, and depression. Parallel randomized (block-randomization, n ≥ 21 controlled "open label" trial; three groups-bibliotherapy with (n = 44 and without (n = 45 therapist support, and waiting list control (n = 44. Assessments before and after treatment, and at three-month follow-up. Intervention was six weeks of bibliotherapeutic self-help, with established cognitive behavioral methods including sleep restriction, stimulus control, and cognitive restructuring. Therapist support was a 15-minute structured telephone call scheduled weekly. Main outcome measures were sleep diary data, and the Insomnia Severity Index. Results Intention-to-treat analyses of 133 participants showed significant improvements in both self-help groups from pre to post treatment compared to waiting list. For example, treatment with and without support gave shorter sleep onset latency (improvement minutes [95% Confidence Interval], 35.4 [24.2 to 46.6], and 20.6 [10.6 to 30.6] respectively, and support gave a higher remission rate (defined as ISI score below 8; 61.4%, than bibliotherapy alone (24.4%, p's Conclusions Participants receiving self-help for insomnia benefited markedly. Self-help, especially if therapist-supported, has considerable potential to be as effective as individual treatment at lower cost, also for

  2. Effectiveness of a self-help manual on the promotion of resilience in individuals with depression in Thailand: a randomised controlled trial

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    Songprakun Wallapa


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of depression is increasing markedly in Thailand. One way of helping people with depression is to increase their resilience; good resilience is associated with positive outcomes in depression. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a self-help manual on the resilience levels of individuals with depression living in the community in Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand. Methods Fifty-six participants with a diagnosis of moderate depression were assigned randomly to either an intervention (n = 27 or control (n = 29 group by means of independent random allocation, using computer generated random numbers. Fifty-four completed the study (two were excluded shortly after baseline data collection, so an available case analysis was undertaken. The intervention group were given a self-help manual and continued to receive standard care and treatment, while the control group continued to receive standard care and treatment. Both groups were also given a short weekly telephone call from a researcher. Participants were assessed at three time points: baseline (Week 0, immediate post-test (Week 8, and follow-up (Week 12. Data were collected between October 2007 and April 2008. Results The findings showed statistically significant differences between the intervention and the control group, and within the intervention group, in their resilience levels. Simple main effects analyses of group within time showed a significant difference between both groups at follow-up (p = 0.001, with the intervention group having a higher resilience score than the control group. Simple main effect of time within the intervention group showed a significant increase in resilience scores from baseline to post-test time points (p p p = 0.298. Conclusions The findings provide preliminary evidence supporting the use of bibliotherapy for increasing resilience in people with moderate depression in a Thai context. Bibliotherapy

  3. [Complementary treatment methods for depression in children and adolescents]. (United States)

    Dolle, Kathrin; Schulte-Körne, Gerd


    Depressive disorders are among the more common mental illnesses around the world, about 1- 3% of prepubertal children and 6% of postpubertal children and adolescents are affected. They markedly impair psychosocial development and are associated with higher rate of morbidity and mortality throughout life. Many physicians are unsure about which treatment approaches are effective and how the treatment should be planned. A systematic literature search was carried out in electronic databases and study registries and as a manual search. More than 450 studies (mostly randomized controlled trials = RCTs) were identified and summarized in evidence tables. The ensuing recommendations were agreed upon in a consensus conference. The review summarizes the evidence of complementary treatment methods. The evidence for complementary treatment methods (art and music therapy, sleep deprivation, exercise, electroconvulsive therapy, massage, transcranial magnetic stimulation, relaxation, bibliotherapy, computer based therapy, light therapy, omega-3 treatment) is low or there is no evidence due to missing studies or studies of poor quality. For some methods, i. e. light therapy, relaxation and stress reduction and sleep deprivation there is limited indication for effectiveness without sufficient evidence for a practical guidance. There is an urgent need for adequately informative comparative studies on treatment of depression in children and adolescents considering also complementary methods.

  4. Influential psychotherapy figures, authors, and books: An Internet survey of over 2,000 psychotherapists. (United States)

    Cook, Joan M; Biyanova, Tatyana; Coyne, James C


    In a partial replication and extension of a survey conducted 25 years ago (Smith, 1982), over 2,400 North American psychotherapists completed a Web-based survey in which they identified prominent figures in the psychotherapy field who have most influenced their practice and the best psychotherapy books they had read in the past 3 years. There is a continued prominence to leaders of the field from 25 years ago but who are now deceased, notably the top-ranked Carl Rogers. Three books on the top-10 list represent empirically supported therapies (ESTs); two are treatment manuals for an EST, and one is a self-help book derived from an EST that has itself been shown to be efficacious bibliotherapy. Differences between psychologist and nonpsychologist therapists in the choice of influential figures, authors, and books are negligible. Implications are discussed in terms of the contemporary context into which therapeutic innovations are disseminated, as well as the conditions that may be necessary for successful dissemination. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  5. Reading between the lines: the experiences of taking part in a community reading project. (United States)

    Hodge, S; Robinson, J; Davis, P


    Despite the popularity of reading groups, and the increased number of general-practitioner-referred bibliotherapy schemes in the UK, there has been relatively little research on the effects of reading works of literature on the well-being and health of readers. This paper reports the findings of a study set up to explore people's experiences of taking part in community reading groups run by the Get into Reading Project in Wirral, Merseyside, UK. A qualitative approach was adopted, using three methods. These were participant observation with five reading groups, a key stakeholder interview and, with a sixth group, a single case study that consisted of observation and interviews with group members. The fieldwork conducted with the six groups took place in a variety of settings, including libraries, a residential drug rehabilitation unit and a hostel for homeless men. The research participants were all over 18 years of age, and all were members or facilitators of Get into Reading reading groups. The data were analysed thematically using NVivo qualitative analysis software. The findings show that the groups do not have a specific, targeted, therapeutic function, their primary purpose being more broadly literary, with literature itself trusted both to serve a coalescing social purpose and to offer non-specified but individual therapeutic benefits. Further work should be undertaken to explore the social and therapeutic benefits of reading literature in community settings.

  6. Self-help cognitive-behavioral therapy with minimal therapist contact for social phobia: a controlled trial. (United States)

    Abramowitz, Jonathan S; Moore, Elizabeth L; Braddock, Autumn E; Harrington, Diana L


    Due to treatment accessibility and cost issues, interest in self-help programs (e.g., bibliotherapy, telehealth) for common psychological disorders is growing. Research supporting the efficacy of such a program for social anxiety, however, is limited. The present study examined the efficacy of an 8-week self-directed cognitive behavioral treatment with minimal therapist involvement for social phobia based on a widely available self-help book. Twenty-one adults with social phobia initially received either treatment (i.e. assigned readings in the workbook with limited therapist contact) or were wait-listed. Wait-listed patients eventually received the same self-directed treatment. Results revealed that the self-help/minimal therapist contact treatment was superior to wait-list on most outcome measures. Across the entire sample, reductions in social anxiety, global severity, general anxiety, and depression were observed at posttest and 3-month follow-up. These findings provide preliminary support for using this self-help workbook for individuals with mild to moderate social anxiety in conjunction with infrequent therapist visits to reinforce the treatment principles. Study limitations and future directions are discussed.

  7. 医学和医学教育的叙事革命:后现代"生命文化"视角%Narrative Turn in Medical Study and Medical Education; the Postmodern Biocultural Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Narrative is an essential part of medicine. The emergence of "illness narrative" is the humanistic efforts to resist the biomedical pattern, which emphasizes the illness cure while neglecting patient care and embrace the biocultural model. Narrative-oriented medical perception is an urge of primitivism under postmodern perspective and it is an artistic science applied to education and clinical practice through bibliotherapy and graphotherapy.%作为后现代"生命丈化"视角下的主要议题,疾病叙事、叙事治疗以及叙事医学的兴起是对"生命医学"模式重视疾病、漠视人性的反抗;叙事取向的医学理念,这一原始主义与先锋精神的文化结合体,建立在后现代哲思和社会建构理论基础上,是疾病叙事阅读治疗和创作治疗在临床和教学上的实践.

  8. Murder by the book: using crime fiction as a bibliotherapeutic resource. (United States)

    Brewster, Liz


    Crime is a popular genre of fiction, widely read but sometimes seen as 'throwaway'. Disregarding this type of fiction because it is seen as low quality does not take into account its value to readers. Reading has been established as a means of improving mental health and well-being-often known as bibliotherapy. This often focuses on fiction considered to have literary merit rather than genre fiction like crime. However, in framing therapeutic reading in this way, the impact of texts considered to have low cultural value such as crime has been concealed. Examining readers' responses as a starting point identifies some reasons why crime fiction fulfils a need. Readers in an empirical study spoke about the strong narrative as a distraction, the predictability as a comfort and the safe distance from events as a reassurance that left them feeling that reading crime fiction was a refuge from the world. In exploring readers' responses in relation to the academic literature, the paper argues that there is a need to think differently about how readers engage with texts and how they experience reading as therapeutic, with a role for fiction like crime.

  9. Elderly health and literature therapy: a theoretical review. (United States)

    Eum, Yeongcheol; Yim, Jongeun; Choi, Wonjae


    Recently, the problems of old age have been discussed in terms of two aspects: preventive and therapeutic approach. The previous studies on the preventive aspect have been mostly concerned with the educational preparation for successful approach to elderly, directing focus toward the transitional period of the old age. Most research into the therapeutic aspect on the elderly diseases has focused on organic mental disorders such as dementia and functional mental diseases such as depression. This study aims to suggest the preventive and new therapeutic possibility in old people through combining the elderly health with literature. First, the research results regarding the social background for the elderly problems indicate that geriatric diseases increase in proportion to the increase of the population. Secondly, for the literature therapy, it is initially required to seek a comprehensive understanding about the health of the elderly through the phased consideration for the elderly problems. Thirdly, for the treatment of geriatric diseases by using literature, it is necessary to develop more active and integrative literature therapy than passive bibliotherapy. Literature therapy is the use of literature in the treatment of people with emotional or mental illness. Fourthly, theoretical approach should be considered for the health of the elderly and the literature therapy. From a literary approach, the literature therapy can help the study on geriatric diseases such as dementia and depression. Thus, the program for the health of geriatric issues and literature therapy should be developed as the next step in the future.

  10. Preliminary Evidence for the Enhancement of Self-Conducted Exposures for OCD using Cognitive Bias Modification (United States)

    Amir, Nader; Kuckertz, Jennie M.; Najmi, Sadia; Conley, Sara L.


    Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) is the most effective treatment for OCD but it is not accessible to most patients. Attempts to increase the accessibility of ERP via self-directed ERP (sERP) programs such as computerized delivery and bibliotherapy have met with noncompliance, presumably because patients find the exposure exercises unacceptable. Previous research suggests that Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) interventions may help individuals approach feared situations. The goal of the current study was to test the efficacy of a treatment program for OCD that integrates sERP with CBM. Twenty-two individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for OCD enrolled in our 7-week treatment program. Results suggest that sERP with CBM led to significant reduction of OCD symptoms and functional impairment. Indeed, the magnitude of the effect of this novel treatment, that requires only an initial session with a clinician trained in ERP for OCD, was comparable to that of the gold standard clinician-administered ERP. Moreover, preliminary evidence suggests that CBM interventions targeting interpretation bias may be most effective, whereas those targeting attention and working memory bias may not be so. PMID:26366021

  11. Reel help for real life: Film therapy and beyond

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    Philippa Strong


    Full Text Available In this article the background, development, therapeutical value and praxis of film therapy in Christian counselling will be addressed. The second part of the article shows what the scenery beyond film therapy may look like and how this form of therapy may extend to other areas of digital and electronic media in the current counselling and pastoral care praxis. Postmodernity, as the context within which the society finds itself, is discussed, as well as the place of films in postmodernity. The important use and application of narratives in the postmodern era is discussed. Film therapy’s development as an outgrowth of bibliotherapy is explained. It is further shown how film therapy as a tool in the praxis of therapy may provide the ideal atmosphere for learning, enjoyment and edification. The scope of the article also reaches beyond the current use of film therapy by suggesting the use of other social and electronic media in a therapeutical way as an ever-increasing possibility. The article ends with some pointers in the use of film therapy.

  12. Feasibility of two modes of treatment delivery for child anxiety in primary care. (United States)

    Chavira, Denise A; Drahota, Amy; Garland, Ann F; Roesch, Scott; Garcia, Maritza; Stein, Murray B


    In this study, we examine the feasibility of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for children with anxiety in primary care, using two modes of treatment delivery. A total of 48 parents and youth (8-13) with anxiety disorders were randomly assigned to receive 10-sessions of CBT either delivered by a child anxiety specialist in the primary care clinic or implemented by the parent with therapist support by telephone (i.e., face-to-face or therapist-supported bibliotherapy). Feasibility outcomes including satisfaction, barriers to treatment participation, safety, and dropout were assessed. Independent evaluators, blind to treatment condition, administered the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children (ADIS) and the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) at baseline, post-treatment and 3-month follow-up; clinical self-report questionnaires were also administered. Findings revealed high satisfaction, low endorsement of barriers, low drop out rates, and no adverse events across the two modalities. According to the CGI-I, 58.3%-75% of participants were considered responders (i.e., much or very much improved) at the various time points. Similar patterns were found for remission from "primary anxiety disorder" and "all anxiety disorders" as defined by the ADIS. Clinically significant improvement was seen on the various parent and child self-report measures of anxiety. Findings suggest that both therapy modalities are feasible and associated with significant treatment gains in the primary care setting. ( unique identifier: NCT00769925).

  13. Comparing two books and establishing probably efficacious treatment for low sexual desire. (United States)

    Balzer, Alexandra M; Mintz, Laurie B


    Using a sample of 45 women, this study compared the effectiveness of a previously studied (Mintz, Balzer, Zhao, & Bush, 2012) bibliotherapy intervention (Mintz, 2009), a similar self-help book (Hall, 2004), and a wait-list control (WLC) group. To examine intervention effectiveness, between and within group standardized effect sizes (interpreted with Cohen's, 1988 benchmarks .20 = small, .50 = medium, .80+ = large) and their confidence limits are used. In comparison to the WLC group, both interventions yielded large between-group posttest effect sizes on a measure of sexual desire. Additionally, large between-group posttest effect sizes were found for sexual satisfaction and lubrication among those reading the Mintz book. When examining within-group pretest to posttest effect sizes, medium to large effects were found for desire, lubrication, and orgasm for both books and for satisfaction and arousal for those reading the Mintz book. When directly comparing the books, all between-group posttest effect sizes were likely obtained by chance. It is concluded that both books are equally effective in terms of the outcome of desire, but whether or not there is differential efficacy in terms of other domains of sexual functioning is equivocal. Tentative evidence is provided for the longer term effectiveness of both books in enhancing desire. Arguing for applying criteria for empirically supported treatments to self-help, results are purported to establish the Mintz book as probably efficacious and to comprise a first step in this designation for the Hall book.

  14. The role of self-help in the treatment of mild anxiety disorders in young people: an evidence-based review

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    Bradford S


    Full Text Available Debra Rickwood1,2, Sally Bradford31Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, Australia; 2headspace: National Youth Mental Health Foundation, North Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 3Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, AustraliaAbstract: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problems experienced by young people, and even mild anxiety can significantly limit social, emotional, and cognitive development into adulthood. It is, therefore, essential that anxiety is treated as early and effectively as possible. Young people are unlikely, however, to seek professional treatment for their problems, increasing their chance of serious long-term problems such as impaired peer relations and low self-esteem. The barriers young people face to accessing services are well documented, and self-help resources may provide an alternative option to respond to early manifestations of anxiety disorders. This article reviews the potential benefits of self-help treatments for anxiety and the evidence for their effectiveness. Despite using inclusive review criteria, only six relevant studies were found. The results of these studies show that there is some evidence for the use of self-help interventions for anxiety in young people, but like the research with adult populations, the overall quality of the studies is poor and there is need for further and more rigorous research.Keywords: adolescent, young adult, children, mental disorder, self-administered, bibliotherapy, therapist-guided

  15. A Study on Emotional Healing Efficacy of Fiction for Undergraduate

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    Chen Su-May Sheih


    Full Text Available In modern society, undergraduates may encounter multiple pressures and thus feel the sense of alienation, anxiety, disturbance and depression. For undergraduates, reading can be independently conducted without the intervention of an instructor; therefore, undergraduates who feel reluctant to expose private emotions to counselors can help themselves through the reading of emotional healing books. This is the application of bibliotherapy. Among various resources, fiction can serve as an appropriate emotional reading material. The researcher deployed semi-structured in-depth interview, and interviewed 21 undergraduates in Taipei City and Taipei County. This study is aimed to understand the kinds of fictions undergraduates read when they are upset and to analyze the emotional healing process of identification, catharsis, and insight so that the emotional healing efficacy can be evaluated. The findings showed that romance, realistic fiction, fantasy, martial arts novel, inspirational fiction, historical fiction, and science fiction can provide full process of emotional healing efficacy. However, detective fiction, online novel, psychological fiction, and horror fiction can only provide parts of the healing process. Besides, the healing efficacy of a specific fiction is different from reader to reader.

  16. Leer: un derecho …….también en el hospital Reading: A Right… Also in the Hospital

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    Cristina Deberti Martins


    Full Text Available Abordamos la temática de la lectura como fenómeno complejo de construcción de sentido y de re-construcción del sí mismo, especialmente en situaciones de vulnerabilidad psíquica y física como es el caso de los sujetos hospitalizados. Se destaca el papel de la biblioterapia como una herramienta posible a aplicar en los diversos centros de salud. El marco teórico desde el cual se reflexiona es el Psicoanálisis (fundamentalmente la teoría de Winnicott y la Antropología de la Lectura (Michèle Petit. Se relata la experiencia de creación de biblioteca para pacientes en el Portal Amarillo (Centro de Información y Referencia en Drogas, Uruguay.We approach the subject of reading as a complex phenomenon of construction of sense, and reconstruction of oneself, especially in situations of psychic and physical vulnerability as in the case of the hospitalized people. The role of the bibliotherapy is important as a possible tool to apply in the different health centers. The theoretical frame considered is the psychoanalysis (essentially the theory of Winnicott and the anthropology of the reading (Michèle Petit. Experience of creation of library for patients in the Portal Amarillo is described (Centro de Información y Referencia en Drogas, Uruguay.

  17. Curriculum development: Preparing trainees to care for children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders. (United States)

    Foley, Kimberly P; Haggerty, Treah S; Harrison, Natasha


    Family physicians provide care for about one-third of the children and adolescents in the United States, many of whom present with psychological concerns. Family physicians often do not recognize these psychological disorders and therefore do not diagnose or treat them. This report describes the implementation of a curriculum designed to increase family medicine trainees' level of awareness that children/adolescents experience psychiatric conditions. This goal is achieved through the addition of a clinical child/adolescent psychologist faculty member, resident self-assessment of training needs and subsequent development of didactic presentations to address these needs. The curriculum relies on the acquisition of child/adolescent psychiatric screeners, development of child/adolescent-focused bibliotherapy materials, and the development of a longitudinal behavioral sciences curriculum. To facilitate the screening of child/adolescent psychiatric disorders, a comprehensive collection of age-appropriate psychiatric screeners were compiled and made readily available in all precepting areas. To assist with the identification of specific child/adolescent psychiatric deficit areas, family medicine resident physicians were presented with an inventory of child/adolescent psychiatric, psychosocial, and behavioral topics, based upon American Academy of Family Practice guidelines and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition psychiatric disorders, and self-selected training deficiencies.

  18. Self-help interventions for adjustment disorder problems: a randomized waiting-list controlled study in a sample of burglary victims. (United States)

    Bachem, Rahel; Maercker, Andreas


    Adjustment disorders (AjD) are among the most frequent mental disorders yet often remain untreated. The high prevalence, comparatively mild symptom impairment, and transient nature make AjD a promising target for low-threshold self-help interventions. Bibliotherapy represents a potential treatment for AjD problems. This study investigates the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral self-help manual specifically directed at alleviating AjD symptoms in a homogenous sample of burglary victims. Participants with clinical or subclinical AjD symptoms following experience of burglary were randomized to an intervention group (n = 30) or waiting-list control group (n = 24). The new explicit stress response syndrome model for diagnosing AjD was applied. Participants received no therapist support and assessments took place at baseline, after the one-month intervention, and at three-month follow-up. Based on completer analyses, group by time interactions indicated that the intervention group showed more improvement in AjD symptoms of preoccupation and in post-traumatic stress symptoms. Post-intervention between-group effect sizes ranged from Cohen's d = .17 to .67 and the proportion of participants showing reliable change was consistently higher in the intervention group than in the control group. Engagement with the self-help manual was high: 87% of participants had worked through at least half the manual. This is the first published RCT of a bibliotherapeutic self-help intervention for AjD problems. The findings provide evidence that a low-threshold self-help intervention without therapist contact is a feasible and effective treatment for symptoms of AjD.

  19. Efficacy of technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for OCD versus control conditions, and in comparison with therapist-administered CBT: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (United States)

    Dèttore, Davide; Pozza, Andrea; Andersson, Gerhard


    Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, few patients receive CBT, due to factors such as geographic limitations, perceived stigmatization, and lack of CBT services. Technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (T-CBT) could be an effective strategy to improve patients' access to CBT. To date, a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of T-CBT for OCD has not been conducted. This study used meta-analytic techniques to summarize evidence on the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD versus control conditions and therapist-administered CBT. A meta-analysis according to Prisma guidelines was conducted on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of T-CBT for OCD. Treatment was classified as T-CBT if evidence-based CBT active ingredients for OCD were included (psychoeducation, ERP, and cognitive restructuring), delivered through health technologies (e.g. self-help books, leaflets, and other forms of bibliotherapy) or remote communication technologies (e.g. the Internet, web-cameras, telephones, telephone-interactive voice response systems, and CD-ROMS). Studies using validated outcomes for OCD or depression were included. Eight trials were included (N = 420). Two trials were classified as at high risk of bias. T-CBT seemed to be superior to control conditions on OCD symptom outcomes at post-treatment (d = 0.82, 99% CI = 0.55-1.08, p = 0.001), but not on comorbid depression (d = 0.33, 99% CI = - 0.01-0.67, p = 0.020). Difference in the efficacy on OCD symptoms between T-CBT and therapist-administered CBT was not significant, despite a trend favouring therapist-administered CBT emerged (d = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.03-0.87, p = 0.033). Directions for research are discussed. Further RCTs are warranted to examine the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD.

  20. Measuring Acceptance of Sleep Difficulties: The Development of the Sleep Problem Acceptance Questionnaire (United States)

    Bothelius, Kristoffer; Jernelöv, Susanna; Fredrikson, Mats; McCracken, Lance M.; Kaldo, Viktor


    Study Objectives: Acceptance may be an important therapeutic process in sleep medicine, but valid psychometric instruments measuring acceptance related to sleep difficulties are lacking. The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of acceptance in insomnia, and to examine its factor structure as well as construct validity. Design: In a cross-sectional design, a principal component analysis for item reduction was conducted on a first sample (A) and a confirmatory factor analysis on a second sample (B). Construct validity was tested on a combined sample (C). Setting: Questionnaire items were derived from a measure of acceptance in chronic pain, and data were gathered through screening or available from pretreatment assessments in four insomnia treatment trials, administered online, via bibliotherapy and in primary care. Participants: Adults with insomnia: 372 in sample A and 215 in sample B. Sample C (n = 820) included sample A and B with another 233 participants added. Measures: Construct validity was assessed through relations with established acceptance and sleep scales. Results: The principal component analysis presented a two-factor solution with eight items, explaining 65.9% of the total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis supported the solution. Acceptance of sleep problems was more closely related to subjective symptoms and consequences of insomnia than to diary description of sleep, or to acceptance of general private events. Conclusions: The Sleep Problem Acceptance Questionnaire (SPAQ), containing the subscales “Activity Engagement” and “Willingness”, is a valid tool to assess acceptance of insomnia. Citation: Bothelius K, Jernelöv S, Fredrikson M, McCracken LM, Kaldo V. Measuring acceptance of sleep difficulties: the development of the sleep problem acceptance questionnaire. SLEEP 2015;38(11):1815–1822. PMID:26085302

  1. El valor terapéutico de la lectura en el medio hospitalario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La incorporación de bibliotecas, así como el fomento de la lectura dentro de las instituciones hospitalarias es un área de interés creciente para las personas que nos dedicamos a la atención del niño hospitalizado en favor de su calidad de vida. Junto a las aportaciones teóricas derivadas de este enfoque, hay que resaltar la existencia de un cuerpo creciente de evidencia empírica y de importantes implicaciones en la práctica profesional. Teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de hacer más placentera la estancia hospitalaria, el artículo que se presenta se centra fundamentalmente en aportar una visión de la lectura como un instrumento de desarrollo personal y como medio para distraer y curar (biblioterapia además de valorar el panorama de las iniciativas desarrolladas dentro del contexto hospitalario que se presentan como una necesidad a tener en cuenta y que urge desarrollar.ABSTRACT: The incorporation of libraries as well as the fostering of reading in hospital institutions form an area of growing interest for those devoted to improving the quality of life of hospitalised children. Together with the theoretical contributions deriving from this approach, it should be stressed that there is growing empirical evidence with important implications for professional practice. With a view to the need to make hospital stays more pleasant, the present article focuses mainly on giving a view of reading as an instrument for personal development and as a means to distract and cure (bibliotherapy, besides evaluating the panorama of the initiatives developed within the hospital context, which are presented as a need to be taken into account and which should urgently be developed.

  2. The second Randomised Evaluation of the Effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and Acceptability of Computerised Therapy (REEACT-2) trial: does the provision of telephone support enhance the effectiveness of computer-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy? A randomised controlled trial. (United States)

    Brabyn, Sally; Araya, Ricardo; Barkham, Michael; Bower, Peter; Cooper, Cindy; Duarte, Ana; Kessler, David; Knowles, Sarah; Lovell, Karina; Littlewood, Elizabeth; Mattock, Richard; Palmer, Stephen; Pervin, Jodi; Richards, David; Tallon, Debbie; White, David; Walker, Simon; Worthy, Gillian; Gilbody, Simon


    BACKGROUND Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) is an efficient form of therapy potentially improving access to psychological care. Indirect evidence suggests that the uptake and effectiveness of cCBT can be increased if facilitated by telephone, but this is not routinely offered in the NHS. OBJECTIVES To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telephone-facilitated free-to-use cCBT [e.g. MoodGYM (National Institute for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia)] with minimally supported cCBT. DESIGN This study was a multisite, pragmatic, open, two-arm, parallel-group randomised controlled trial with a concurrent economic evaluation. SETTING Participants were recruited from GP practices in Bristol, Manchester, Sheffield, Hull and the north-east of England. PARTICIPANTS Potential participants were eligible to participate in the trial if they were adults with depression scoring ≥ 10 on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). INTERVENTIONS Participants were randomised using a computer-generated random number sequence to receive minimally supported cCBT or telephone-facilitated cCBT. Participants continued with usual general practitioner care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The primary outcome was self-reported symptoms of depression, as assessed by the PHQ-9 at 4 months post randomisation. SECONDARY OUTCOMES Secondary outcomes were depression at 12 months and anxiety, somatoform complaints, health utility (as assessed by the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions questionnaire) and resource use at 4 and 12 months. RESULTS Clinical effectiveness: 182 participants were randomised to minimally supported cCBT and 187 participants to telephone-facilitated cCBT. There was a difference in the severity of depression at 4 and 12 months, with lower levels in the telephone-facilitated group. The odds of no longer being depressed (defined as a PHQ-9 score of bibliotherapy and telephone-based interventions are

  3. Self-help interventions for depressive disorders and depressive symptoms: a systematic review

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    Jorm Anthony F


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research suggests that depressive disorders exist on a continuum, with subthreshold symptoms causing considerable population burden and increasing individual risk of developing major depressive disorder. An alternative strategy to professional treatment of subthreshold depression is population promotion of effective self-help interventions that can be easily applied by an individual without professional guidance. The evidence for self-help interventions for depressive symptoms is reviewed in the present work, with the aim of identifying promising interventions that could inform future health promotion campaigns or stimulate further research. Methods A literature search for randomised controlled trials investigating self-help interventions for depressive disorders or depressive symptoms was performed using PubMed, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Reference lists and citations of included studies were also checked. Studies were grouped into those involving participants with depressive disorders or a high level of depressive symptoms, or non-clinically depressed participants not selected for depression. A number of exclusion criteria were applied, including trials with small sample sizes and where the intervention was adjunctive to antidepressants or psychotherapy. Results The majority of interventions searched had no relevant evidence to review. Of the 38 interventions reviewed, the ones with the best evidence of efficacy in depressive disorders were S-adenosylmethionine, St John's wort, bibliotherapy, computerised interventions, distraction, relaxation training, exercise, pleasant activities, sleep deprivation, and light therapy. A number of other interventions showed promise but had received less research attention. Research in non-clinical samples indicated immediate beneficial effects on depressed mood for distraction, exercise, humour, music, negative air ionisation, and singing; while potential

  4. Tratamento psicológico do medo de viajar de avião, a partir do modelo cognitivo: caso clínico Psychological treatment of the fear of flying based on a cognitive model: a case study

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    Eduardo Augusto Remor


    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresentar-se-á um caso clínico com a avaliação e tratamento psicológico, a partir do modelo cognitivo, de uma mulher de 32 anos, que apresenta medo de voar de avião. A avaliação e o diagnóstico foram feitos através da entrevista clínica, utilizando os critérios do DSM-IV, e aplicou-se com medidas pré e pós-tratamento o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck (BAI e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI. As técnicas utilizadas no tratamento foram: dar informação, treinamento em relaxamento, tarefas comportamentais, dessensibilização sistemática em imaginação, detecção de distorções cognitivas, discussão de idéias irracionais e auto-exposição in vivo. Os objetivos terapêuticos foram alcançados através de uma intervenção de nove sessões de terapia, de periodicidade semanal, adicionando ao processo terapêutico biblioterapia como tarefa para casa. A intervenção alcançou mudanças positivas e a melhoria mantém-se depois de um seguimento de dois e de quatro meses trás o final do tratamento.This paper describes a clinical case study, including psychological assessment and treatment, based on a cognitive model, of a 32-year-old woman who showed fear of flying. The assessment and diagnosis were carried out by means of a clinical interview employing DSM-IV criteria, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI. Measures of pre- and post-treatment were obtained. The techniques used in the treatment consisted of the following: information, relaxation techniques, behavior tasks, systematic desensitization in imagery, identification of cognitive distortions, discussion of irrational ideas, and self-exposure in vivo. The therapeutic objectives were achieved after nine weekly therapy sessions and usig a therapeutic program of bibliotherapy as a complementary activity. The therapy resulted in positive changes and in an improvement, which remained stable at the two to four month follow

  5. 基于认知行为疗法的自助干预在抑郁患者中的应用%Efficacy of self-help interventions based on cognitive behavioural therapy on depression: a systematic review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王霞; 杨敏


    Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been proved to be an effective psychological treatment method for depression,especially for mild-to-moderate depression,however,due to the influence of various factors,its application in patients with depression is limited.Studies abroad have confirmed self-help intervention based on CBT has good effects on patients with depression.By reviewing efficacy of self-help interventions based on CBT on depression,it can be known that most of the literatures support that self-help interventions based on CBT has good effects on depression.Related researches abroad have been more mature,but few similar studies have been conducted in our country.So self-help CBT for depression has broad prospects in our country,which can play an important role in the prevention and therapy of depression,alleviating the shortage of medical resources,and reducing the patients' medical expenses,etc.Based on bibliotherapy (a major form of self-help interventions based on CBT),future studies need to learn from foreign practice to expand the audience to the clinic,community and non-clinical patients,in order to provide advice for interventions for depression in China.%认知行为疗法(cognitive-behavioral therapy,CBT)已被证实是抑郁症特别是轻中度抑郁症的一种有效心理治疗方法,然而由于受到各种因素的影响,其在抑郁患者中的应用受到限制.国外研究已证实基于CBT的自助干预对抑郁患者有较好的效果.通过综述基于CBT的自助干预在抑郁患者中的应用现状,提出大部分文献支持基于CBT的自助干预在对抑郁患者有较好的效果,国外的相关研究已比较成熟,但国内类似的研究还为数不多,其在我国具有广泛的应用前景,可以在抑郁症的防治、缓解医疗资源的短缺、减少患者的医疗支出等方面发挥重要作用.未来国内的研究需在阅读疗法(基于CBT的自助干预的一种主要形式)的基础上借鉴国外的做