Sample records for bibliotherapy

  1. Bibliotherapy with Preadolescents Experiencing Divorce (United States)

    Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth; Allen, Virginia B.; Folger, Wendy A.; McMillen, Paula S.; Lowe, Imelda


    Preadolescence is a challenging developmental stage, but when complicated or threatened by the effects of family dissolution or divorce, the challenges can be overwhelming. Such youngsters often need and can benefit from counseling intervention. One particularly appropriate intervention is bibliotherapy. Reasons for using bibliotherapy for such…

  2. Bibliotherapy: a critique of the literature. (United States)

    Favazza, A R


    Most of the literature on bibliotherapy has been nonscientific, because of the too broad use of the term "bibliotherapy." The author proposes, for the sake of clarification in the literature, that "bibliotherapy" be defined as a program of selected activity involving reading materials which is planned, conducted, and controlled under the guidance of a physician as treatment for psychiatric patients and which uses, if needed, the assistance of a trained librarian. Bibliotherapy, then, falls into three categories: books prescribed for a patient, books selected by a patient, and group discussion of books. Bibliotherapy may be helpful by facilitating abreaction, projection, narcissistic gratification, verbalization, constructive thinking between interviews, and reinforcement of social and cultural patterns. Bibliotherapy is probably indicated in self-motivated neurotic patients who ask for helpful reading materials. Bibliotherapy offers no panacea, but with proper scientific study may help many patients. PMID:5325817

  3. Bibliotherapy: A Strategy to Help Students with Bullying (United States)

    Gregory, Katherine E.; Vessey, Judith A.


    Use of bibliotherapy to address childhood teasing and bullying is an innovative approach school nurses should consider as they work to promote a healthy school environment. Children's books serve as a unique conduit of exchange between parents, teachers, and children. Bibliotherapy, using books to help people solve problems, involves three stages:…

  4. Bibliotherapy Treatment for Children with Adjustment Difficulties: A Comparison of Affective and Cognitive Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Betzalel, Nurit; Shechtman, Zipora


    This study compared outcomes following cognitive and affective bibliotherapy treatment with 79 children and adolescents in a residential home in Israel. Treatment children were compared to a control-no treatment group from the same home. Anxiety was measured through a self-report measure (Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale; Reynolds &…

  5. Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness (United States)

    Mintz, Laurie B.; Balzer, Alexandra M.; Zhao, Xinting; Bush, Hannah E.


    This study examines the effectiveness of bibliotherapy for low sexual desire among women, which is the most frequent sexual concern brought to counselors. Forty-five women responded to an advertisement for participation in a study on low sexual desire and were assigned to either the intervention or the wait-list control group. The intervention…

  6. Bibliotherapy and DCT: Co-Constructing the Therapeutic Metaphor. (United States)

    Myers, Jane E.


    Bibliotherapy is presented as a strategy for cocreating therapeutic metaphors with clients. The use of these metaphors for promoting both first and second order change is enhanced when the metaphor is processed using Developmental Counseling and Therapy (DCT). Case examples are included to illustrate the combined use of these techniques. (Author)

  7. Bibliotherapy in a Library Setting: Reaching out to Vulnerable Youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Tukhareli


    Full Text Available Bibliotherapy, as a part of expressive therapy, involves the systematic use of books to help people cope with mental, physical, emotional, or social problems. It has been widely recognized as an approach that holds great promise in helping librarians to better address emotional, behavioural and socials concerns of various groups of people. The benefits of bibliotherapeutic services such as reading groups, expanded readers’ advisory, books-on-prescription and information-on-prescription services as well as various outreach programs are well documented in the library literature. On the other hand, health professionals who work in cooperation with educators and librarians share medical records on the healing and consoling power of books. The paper will explore the role of bibliotherapy in a library setting and identify particular bibliotherapeutic schemes to be used when serving people affected by HIV/AIDS. The paper will provide an overview of the library project developed to address educational and recreational needs of the African people living with HIV/AIDS. The project was successfully implemented at the Nkosi’s Haven Library in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2010. Although the project targeted all the residents of Nkosi’s Haven, the paper will focus mostly on the part of the program developed for children and young adults. The paper will identify psychological and social factors that affect the targeted group of children within the African environment. Particularly, it will highlight a negative effect that stigmatization around the disease has on the lives of the HIV-infected individuals and their families. Within this context, bibliotherapy is seen as an effective way of reaching out and breaking the isolation of people, especially children living with HIV/AIDS. The paper will describe specific activities strategically chosen for the bibliotherapy sessions to provide a channel through which the participants of the program could analyze

  8. Use of Bibliotherapy in the Treatment of Grief and Loss: A Guide to Current Counseling Practices (United States)

    Briggs, Cynthia A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth


    Grief is a complex and dynamic process influencing individuals of all ages. This article provides an overview of historical and contemporary constructs of grief counseling. Bibliotherapy, a creative counseling tool, is presented as an appropriate intervention when counseling grieving clients. Guidelines for using bibliotherapy with grieving…

  9. Portrayals of Bullying in Children's Picture Books and Implications for Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Moulton, Emily; Heath, Melissa Allen; Prater, Mary Anne; Dyches, Tina Taylor


    Bullying, a serious issue in today's schools, negatively impacts children. This article summarizes research and emphasizes the need for effective tools, such as bibliotherapy, to deter bullying. To assist professionals in selecting books for bibliotherapy, 38 bully-themed children's K-3 picture books ranked 1-4 by "The Horn Book Guide"…

  10. Bibliotherapy in the Classroom: Using Literature To Promote the Development of Emotional Intelligence. (United States)

    Sullivan, Amie K.; Strang, Harold R.


    Notes that many children in today's classrooms exhibit a variety of emotional and social difficulties, and discusses the use of bibliotherapy, an approach that uses literature as an effective way to remediate such difficulties. Explains emotional intelligence and how bibliotherapy can promote development of the socioemotional competence necessary…

  11. Applications of text messaging, and bibliotherapy for treatment of patients affected by depressive symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roya Taleban


    Conclusions: It seems that bibliotherapy could efficiently decrease the intensity of depressive symptoms. Nevertheless, in comparison with our booklet trial, the text messaging group achieved neither durable nor significant success; thus, bibliotherapy could be utilized as a complementary methodology aiming depression treatment.

  12. The Effect of Bibliotherapy in Reducing Test Anxiety Among Jordanian College Students


    Farah, Adnan M. [عدنان محمد فرح; Hammouri, Firas A. [فراس حموري


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bibliotherapy upon reducing test anxiety among Jordanian college students. Fifty five (55) Participants were randomly assigned either to experimental or controlled group. Students in the experimental group were exposed to a specially designed self-help bibliotherapy training program. The content of the program includes six areas thought to be important to overcome test anxiety. The study called for pre-post two group experimental desi...

  13. Benjamin Rush and John Minson Galt, II. Pioneers of bibliotherapy in America. (United States)

    Weimerskirch, P J


    The history of bibliotherapy in America goes back at least to the early part of the nineteenth century. Benjamin Rush was one of the first Americans to recommend the use of bibliotherapy; John Minson Galt, II, was the first American to write an article on the subject. Reading was considered one of the best therapeutic measures in treating mental patients, and by the middle of the nineteenth century every major mental hospital had a patients' library; many were quite extensive. Newspapers and periodicals were supplied in great numbers, and the works of Sir Walter Scott enjoyed great popularity.

  14. Enhancing Positive Citizenship Ideals on Students Through Bibliotherapy and Cognitive Counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ismail Hussein Hashim


    The paper views feelings touching as very important in cultivating positive citizenship ideals amongst the youth. The main preoccupation of the study was to provide relevant information concerning the efficacy of bibliotherapy and cognitive counseling as two methods that could be applied by counselors in school field to promote positive citizenship ideals in the students. The study was carried out in Alfashir principality (Sudan)in April 1999. Feelings of one hundred and twenty five secondary school students were touched with regards to what they regarded as citizenship ideals. Adopting control and experimental measures approach, the two groups of the subjects were treated to bibliotherapy and cognitive counseling, while the third group was left as control group. Results indicated significant differences in the efficacy of the two methods for positively fostering citizenship ideals among the youth in favor of bibliotherapy. The results have demonstrated that bibliotherapy can be effectively applied in school setting through the school curriculum to positively foster citizenship ideals among the youth.

  15. Widened Frameworks and Practice: From Bibliotherapy to the Literacy of Testimony and Witness. (United States)

    Wolpow, Ray; Askov, Eunice N.


    Considers what literacy teachers can do to prevent subsequent school failure and lowered test scores with media attention on school violence and trauma in and out of schools. Suggests bibliotherapy, a familiar tool used in earlier decades by teachers to counsel students with problems, is useful today in dealing with students who suffer from…

  16. Parent Experiences with Child Social Interventions and Their Perception of Bibliotherapy (United States)

    Davis Bowman, Jennifer


    This study focused on the experience of parents concerned with child social behavior and the perception of bibliotherapy as an intervention. Using a qualitative phenomenological approach, four families raising children between the ages of 4-12 participated in a series of interviews. The children's social needs varied, but parent concerns were…

  17. Anger Control Bibliotherapy with a Convicted Murderer under Life Sentence: A Clinical Report. (United States)

    Daniel, Chris


    Used personalized bibliotherapy intervention approach to prevent build up of aggression in inmate with low tolerance to perceived provocation. Follow-up data over six-month period revealed dramatic decrease in discipline reports following therapy. Interview and questionnaire feedback from client indicated reduced incidence of feelings of…

  18. Efficacy and process of cognitive bibliotherapy for the treatment of depression in jail and prison inmates. (United States)

    Pardini, Jamie; Scogin, Forrest; Schriver, Jennifer; Domino, Marla; Wilson, Dawn; LaRocca, Michael


    The purpose of this two-study project was to determine the effects of cognitive bibliotherapy for the treatment of depressive symptoms in jail and prison inmates. Participants in both samples were randomly assigned to either a treatment group that received the 4-week bibliotherapy program or a delayed-treatment control group. In the jail sample, which served as a pilot study for the more detailed prison study, the treatment group showed greater improvement on the A. T. Beck and R. A. Steer Beck Depression Inventory, 1993, Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX and the DAS (M. M. Weissman, & A. T. Beck Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale: A preliminary investigation; paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, November, 1978, Toronto, ON, Canada). In the prison sample, results indicated that the treatment group showed greater improvement on the HRSD (M. Hamilton, Development of a rating scale for primary depressive illness, British Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, Vol. 6, 1967, pp. 278-296) and the A. T. Beck, R. A. Steer, & G. K. Brown Beck Depression Inventory (2nd ed.), 1996, Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX. Approximately half of the treated participants achieved clinically significant change. Analyses of the follow-up data revealed maintenance of treatment gains in the prison and jail samples. In the prison study, significant changes were also observed on a general measure of psychological distress. Overall, results suggest that cognitive bibliotherapy may be efficacious for depressed inmates. PMID:23834667

  19. Expanding the limits of bibliotherapy for panic disorder. Randomized trial of self-help without support but with a clear deadline

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nordin, S; Carlbring, P.; Cuijpers, P.; Andersson, G.


    Cognitive behavioral bibliotherapy for panic disorder has been found to be less effective without therapist support. In this study, participants were randomized to either unassisted bibliotherapy (n = 20) with a scheduled follow-up telephone interview or to a waiting list control group (n = 19). Fol

  20. The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Bibliotherapy for Enhancing the Psychological Health of Japanese College Students Living Abroad (United States)

    Muto, Takashi; Hayes, Steven C.; Jeffcoat, Tami


    International students often experience significant psychological distress but empirically tested programs are few. Broadly distributed bibliotherapy may provide a cost-effective approach. About half of the Japanese international students in a western university in the United States (N=70) were randomly assigned to a wait-list or to receive a…

  1. Counting on Frank: Using bibliotherapy in mathematics teaching to prevent de-geniusing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph M. Furner


    Full Text Available Today the understanding of mathematics is critical in an increasingly technological age. Teachers must play an important role to ensure that all students display confidence in their ability to do mathematics. Often gifted students of mathematics can be made to feel bad by their peers just because they know mathematics and things come easily to them. Children’s and adolescent literature has now been recognised as a means of teaching mathematics to students through the use of stories to make the mathematics concepts relevant and meaningful. Literature can also be used as a form of therapy to reach students who may be frustrated with children picking on them for being good at mathematics. Story and picture books such as Counting on Frank, Math Curse and A Gebra Named Al are now available to use in the classroom as forms of bibliotherapy in helping students come to terms with issues relating to mathematics that haunt them. In this article we discuss the phenomenon of dumbing down by the gifted population to fit in with their peers. We propose using reading and discussion (bibliotherapy to aid in preventing de-geniusing of mathematically gifted students.

  2. An investigation of the differential effectiveness of bibliotherapy and self-regulatory treatments in individuals with panic attacks


    Febbraro, Gregorio A. R.


    Several studies targeting individuals with panic disorder have demonstrated that Cognitive-behavioral treatment (CST) is the psychological treatment of choice. CST interventions that include exposure to panic symptoms, along with cognitive restructuring. breathing retraining, and relaxation training are more effective than any of these components administered alone. Past studies have demonstrated the efficacy of imparting the above CBT components in the form of bibliotherapy (BT) ...

  3. 对大学图书馆阅读疗法的研究%The bibliotherapy of university library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Bibliotherapy, also known as book therapy, has two definitions in Webster's Third New International Dictionary:(1) selected readings assist medicine and psychiatry (2) to help solve personal matters by guidance to reading. A complementary psychotherapy method of alleviating or eliminating psychological disorders and promoting physical and mental health has certain advantages of promoting the psychological health education. Bibliotherapy is a interdisciplinary of medical psychology and library science. Chinese reading method already exists as a medical practice but no systematization and theorization. In dometstic country a few people do this research, so every university library should set up a high quality librarian to develop bibliotherapy and do research which can combine Individual therapy with group therapy and developmental reading with therapeutic reading. According to readers’ different grade and major, different reading requirement and mental characteristics, books and periodicals can be well recommended. Enhancing the understanding and effect of the students for the bibliotherapy to make bibliotherapy play a part in university mental health education.%阅读疗法(bibliotherapy),又称图书治疗,《韦氏新国际英语词典》第三版有两条释义:(1)有选择的读物辅助医学和精神病学的治疗;(2)通过有指导的阅读,帮助解决个人问题。缓解或消除心理疾患,促进身心健康的一种辅助心理治疗方法,在促进大学生心理健康方面有一定的优势。可以说阅读疗法是医学心理学与图书馆学交叉学科,中国阅读方法作为一种医学实践早已存在,只不过没有系统化,理论化。目前国内图书馆界仅有少数人在做此项。因此各学校图书馆应组建一支高素质图书馆馆员来开展阅读疗法及研究,把个体与群体治疗相结合,把发展性阅读与治疗性阅读相结合。按照读者的不同年级、专业,不同阅

  4. The Changing Role of Anne of Green Gables from the Perspective of Biblio-therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Anne of Green Gables is L.M. Montgomery's masterpiece. In the book, Anne is initially a poor, ugly and uncultivated girl, and she even doesn't know how to pray. But she is also frank and pure and can never reconcile herself to insults. She struggles hard to protect women's personality and dignity, and pursues self-respect and self-esteem without fear or respite. Finally, she achieves happiness. This essay discusses Anne's character in the light of historical context, and more particularly, against a back-ground of the rules governing women's behaviour at the time the novel was written. What makes Anne change her attitude? Under-lying the discussion is the question:does Anne of Green Gables have anything to teach adolescents today? Anne is not initially inter-ested in conforming but gradually learns that she must do so in order to achieve happiness and harmony. Apologizing is an impor-tant part of this process. The essay focuses on five key apology scenes. In accordance with the principle of bibliotherapy, this essay demonstrates that Anne of Green Gables is a valuable model for teenage readers struggling with when, how and to what degree they should conform to social values and conventions. In the nineteenth century, women made up the majority of the reading public, when they were portrayed in literature, they were in the home. Undoubtfully, Anne of Green Gable is successfully made sense for the adolescents. It is a simple story about a child's basic needs of a home, love, friendship and acceptance. And it is also a psycho-logical study for adolescence to think, act and interact.

  5. Moderators of the effects of indicated group and bibliotherapy cognitive behavioral depression prevention programs on adolescents' depressive symptoms and depressive disorder onset. (United States)

    Müller, Sina; Rohde, Paul; Gau, Jeff M; Stice, Eric


    We investigated factors hypothesized to moderate the effects of cognitive behavioral group-based (CB group) and bibliotherapy depression prevention programs. Using data from two trials (N = 631) wherein adolescents (M age = 15.5, 62% female, 61% Caucasian) with depressive symptoms were randomized into CB group, CB bibliotherapy, or an educational brochure control condition, we evaluated the moderating effects of individual, demographic, and environmental factors on depressive symptom reductions and major depressive disorder (MDD) onset over 2-year follow-up. CB group and bibliotherapy participants had lower depressive symptoms than controls at posttest but these effects did not persist. No MDD prevention effects were present in the merged data. Relative to controls, elevated depressive symptoms and motivation to reduce depression amplified posttest depressive symptom reduction for CB group, and elevated baseline symptoms amplified posttest symptom reduction effects of CB bibliotherapy. Conversely, elevated substance use mitigated the effectiveness of CB group relative to controls on MDD onset over follow-up. Findings suggest that both CB prevention programs are more beneficial for youth with at least moderate depressive symptoms, and that CB group is more effective for youth motivated to reduce their symptoms. Results also imply that substance use reduces the effectiveness of CB group-based depression prevention.

  6. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Clinician-Supported Problem-Solving Bibliotherapy for Family Caregivers of People With First-Episode Psychosis (United States)

    Chien, Wai Tong; Thompson, David R.; Lubman, Dan I.; McCann, Terence V.


    Family interventions for first-episode psychosis (FEP) are an integral component of treatment, with positive effects mainly on patients’ mental state and relapse rate. However, comparatively little attention has been paid to the effects of family interventions on caregivers’ stress coping and well-being, especially in non-Western countries. We aimed to test the effects of a 5-month clinician-supported problem-solving bibliotherapy (CSPSB) for Chinese family caregivers of people with FEP in improving family burden and carers’ problem-solving and caregiving experience, and in reducing psychotic symptoms and duration of re-hospitalizations, compared with those only received usual outpatient family support (UOFS). A randomized controlled trial was conducted across 2 early psychosis clinics in Hong Kong, where there might be inadequate usual family support services for FEP patients. A total of 116 caregivers were randomly selected, and after baseline measurement, randomly assigned to the CSPSB or UOFS. They were also assessed at 1-week and 6- and 12-month post-intervention. Intention-to-treat analyses were applied and indicated that the CSPSB group reported significantly greater improvements in family burden and caregiving experience, and reductions in severity of psychotic symptoms and duration of re-hospitalizations, than the UOFS group at 6- and 12-month follow-up. CSPSB produces moderate long-term benefits to caregivers and FEP patients, and is a low-cost adjunct to UOFS. PMID:27147450

  7. Una biblioterapia posible, o «Juana, la del billete de mil» A possible bibliotherapy, or «Juana, the one on the one thousand note»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Deberti Martins


    Full Text Available En el presente artículo desarrollamos algunos conceptos básicos sobre la actividad de biblioterapia que llevamos a cabo en el Portal Amarillo (Centro Nacional de Información y Referencia en Drogas-Montevideo-Uruguay. Interdisciplinariedad, perfil del biblioterapeuta, simbolización, son algunos de los temas de este trabajo.In the present article, some basic concepts about the Bibliotherapy activity that we carry out in Portal Amarillo (Centro Nacional de Información y Referencia en Drogas-Montevideo-Uruguay are explained. Interdisciplinarity, Bibliotherapist profile, symbolization, are some of the subjects of the present article.

  8. Effects of dexzopiclone plus bibliotherapy on mental health and sleep quality of insomnia patients%右佐匹克隆联合阅读疗法对失眠症患者心理健康与睡眠质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪家武; 陈旭华


    Objective To explore the effects of dexzopiclone plus bibliotherapy on mental health and sleep quality of insomnia patients .Methods Sixty‐eight insomnia patients were assigned to two groups ,both groups took orally dexzopiclone ,and treatment group was plus bibliotherapy for 12 week .Mental health conditions were assessed with the Symptom Checklist‐90 (SCL‐90) and sleep qualities with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) before and after treatment .Results The total scores of the PSQI of insomnia patients were positively related to that of the SCL‐90 (P< 0 .01);the total ,somatization ,depression , anxiety and additional factor score of the SCL‐90 as well as the total and each factor of the PSQI at each time‐point were significantly lower (P<0 .05 or 0 .01) and cure rate was higher at the end of the 12th week (P<0 .05) in treatment than in control group .The total score of the PSQI tended to upwards in the 12th week in control group .Conclusion Sleep quality is closely related to mental health status ,they influence each other ,dexzopiclone plus bibliotherapy could notably improve mental health status and sleep quality of insomnia patients and its curative effect is durable compare with single medication .%目的:探讨右佐匹克隆联合阅读疗法对失眠症患者心理健康与睡眠质量的影响。方法将68例失眠症患者分为两组,均口服右佐匹克隆,治疗组联合阅读疗法治疗,观察12周。治疗前后采用症状自评量表评定心理健康状况,匹兹堡睡眠质量指数评定睡眠质量。结果失眠症患者症状自评量表总分与匹兹堡睡眠质量指数总分呈显著正相关(P<0.01);治疗组治疗各时点症状自评量表总分、躯体化、抑郁、焦虑、附加因子分及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数总分、各因子分均显著低于对照组( P<0.05或0.01),治疗12周末治愈率显著高于对照组( P<0.05)。对照组在治疗第12周匹兹堡

  9. 阅读疗法对缓解期精神分裂症患者自知力治疗依从性及复发的影响%Effect of bibliotherapy on insight recovering,drug therapy compliance and recurrence in remitted schizophrenia patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈飞; 马世民; 杨永杰; 王庆玲; 靳自斌


    Objective To investigate the effect of the bibliotherapy on insight recovering.drug therapy compliance and recurrence in remitted schizophrenia patients.Method 120 schizophrenia patients were randomly divided into the study group and the control group,with 60 cases in each group.The control group were only treated with drugs and the study group were treated with drugs plus bibliotherapy.Compared after 8 weeks treatment and a one-year follow-up was carried out after their discharge from hospital.The clincal efficacy was evaluated by the-Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale(BPRS),the Insight and Treatment Attitude Questionnaire(ITAQ),drug therapy compliance,hospital day and recurrence.Results After treatment 8 weeks,the scale of BPRS of study group lower than that of control group(21.55±8.56 and 24.64±9.45).and the scale of ITAQ of study group higher than that of control group(10.10±4.81 and 8.49±5.12);compliance of study group was better than that of control group(totally compliance:75%and 51.7%,partly compliance:20.0%and 34.5%,none compliance:5.0%and 13.8%,P<0.01).At the end of 1 year,the scale of BPRS of study group lower than that of control group;the scale of ITAQ of study group higher than that of control group and compliance of study group was better than that of control group(totally compliance:63.3%and 36.2%,partly compliance:26.7%and 25.9%,none compliance:10.0%and 37.9%,P<0.01).The recurrence rate of study group was lower than that of control group.The average hospital day of study group was shorter than that of control group[(58±7)d and(76±18)d.P<0.01].Conclusion Bibliotherapy not only is beneficial to the treatment for schizophrenia patients.but also can makes shorter hospital day,lower of these patients the rate of recurrence.%目的 探讨阅读疗法对缓解期精神分裂症患者自知力恢复、治疗依从性及复发的影响.方法 将120例精神分裂症患者随机分为研究组和对照组各60例.疗程8周,出院后随访1年.采

  10. Bibliotherapy for Gay and Lesbian Youth: Overcoming the Structure of Silence (United States)

    Vare, Jonatha W.; Norton, Terry L.


    Gay and lesbian youth encounter most of the typical biological and cognitive changes of adolescence. However, cultural circumstances create differences in the social and emotional development of many gay and lesbian teens. In the United States, these teens often live within social environments characterized by a hostile fear and an active…

  11. Counting on Frank: Using bibliotherapy in mathematics teaching to prevent de-geniusing


    Joseph M. Furner; Cheryl Kenney


    Today the understanding of mathematics is critical in an increasingly technological age. Teachers must play an important role to ensure that all students display confidence in their ability to do mathematics. Often gifted students of mathematics can be made to feel bad by their peers just because they know mathematics and things come easily to them. Children’s and adolescent literature has now been recognised as a means of teaching mathematics to students through the use of stories to make th...

  12. Bibliotherapy: Effect of Group Reading and Discussion on Attitudes of Adult Inmates in Two Correctional Institutions. Final Report. (United States)

    Burt, Lesta Norris

    Fifty-nine inmates, men and women, from two correctional institutions were randomly assigned to eight groups to test the effect of book discussion on attitudes. The four experimental groups read and discussed weekly a series of six titles during the 12-week program. The four control groups met three times to participate in a reading interest…

  13. Integrating self-help books into psychotherapy. (United States)

    Campbell, Linda F; Smith, Thomas P


    This article describes a systematic and integral method of incorporating self-help books into psychotherapy as a collaborative function. We address the distinctions between self-help and bibliotherapy, consider bibliotherapy as adjunctive or integrative to psychotherapy, and outline the multiple uses of bibliotherapy for clinical purposes. How to apply self-help books in psychotherapy and ways to select books are illustrated by a case example. Indications and contraindications for bibliotherapy in therapy are outlined.

  14. Using Bibliotheraphy in Adult Counseling


    BULUT, Sefa


    In recent years bibliotherapy has become a popular approach and it has been commonly utilized in psychological counseling as a supplemental method to the traditional counseling techniques. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review was to introduce the bibliotherapy methods to the reader working in adults counseling settings. Bibliotherapy is aimed at changing the client’s faulty assumptions and cognitions and encouraging them by giving a task as reading articles, brochures or books. In...

  15. The use of a self-help treatment intervention for panic disorder with agoraphobia


    Gould, Robert Andrew


    A recent study suggested that bibliotherapy may be an effective intervention for panic disordered individuals with agoraphobia. The present study attempted to enhance this bibliotherapy intervention by adding audio- and videotape self-help supplements. Thirty subjects suffering panic disorder with mild to moderate agoraphobia were matched on level of avoidance and then randomly assigned to 1) a Wait-list control condition (WL). or 2) a Self-help condition (SH). The intervent...

  16. A utilização da biblioterapia no ensino superior como apoio para a auto-ajuda: implementação de projeto junto aos educandos em fase de processo monográfico / Bibliotherapy use in higher education as support for self help: implementation of a project with learners in monograph process phase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neiva Dulce Suzart Alves Bahiana


    Full Text Available A escolha do tema, que será abordado a seguir, teve como propósito: a identificar, refletir e trazer à discussão, as práticas e projeções pedagógicas e familiares relacionadas ao uso da biblioterapia que induzem a comunidade universitária a futuras interações e à prática da leitura; b empreender uma simples análise dos aspectos referentes à utilização da biblioterapia como apoio na formação do sujeito cognitivo, suas implicações e benefícios. Serão relatadas, metodologicamente, experiências vivenciadas em uma faculdade particular, situada no município de Valença, trazendo a lume o nível de stress dos educandos do oitavo semestre do curso de Pedagogia da Faculdade de Ciências Educacionais - FACE, dados coletados através dos métodos estatísticos, significado social da utilização da biblioterapia na formação do senso crítico do sujeito, na era dos avanços tecnológicos, auto-ajuda no combate ao stress na jornada acadêmica. Esperamos que os conjuntos dessas reflexões sirvam para fomentar a questão, incentivar o uso da biblioterapia sob prismas lúdicos, fantasiosos e resgatar a arte de sonhar, entendido como direito universal o que concorre para a redução da depressão, stress, agressividade, atuando diretamente no alívio das tensões psicológicas dos universitários baianos.

  17. Hip Hop Therapy: An Exploratory Study of a Rap Music Intervention with At-Risk and Delinquent Youth. (United States)

    Tyson, Edgar H.


    Presents an exploratory study of the therapeutic potential of "Hip-Hop" therapy, an "innovative synergy of rap music, bibliotherapy, and music therapy." Finds that the quantitative and qualitative results partially supported the hypothesis that under a specific set of conditions rap music would improve the therapeutic experience and outcomes for…

  18. The Impact of Biblio Group Counseling Supported with the Story of "The Little Prince" upon Mindfulness (United States)

    Ilbay, Azmi Bayram


    Using books for healing psychological health is becoming popular day by day. In this process bibliotherapy brings forward suggestions of psychological insight, relieving by identification, relieving from suppressed feelings by discharging and reflecting emotions. The aim of this research is to analyse the effect of biblio group counseling…

  19. Equity for All Students in the New Millennium: Disabling Math Anxiety. (United States)

    Furner, Joseph M.; Duffy, Mary Lou


    This article presents suggestions for classroom teachers to help prevent and reduce math anxiety for students, particularly students with learning disabilities. The use of a "mathitude" survey to assess dispositions toward math is discussed, as well as using journal writing, cooperative learning, the Internet, and bibliotherapy to address anxiety.…

  20. La lectura como recurso terapéutico.


    Saura, Silvia


    This article highlights the many benefits of reading for the development of people, approaching from its therapeutic function. We conclude that the commitment of information professionals, will reside in assembling all his skills, for multidisciplinary work and the choice of appropriate materials, making contributions from the library, reading and recognizing the vital resource for bibliotherapy.

  1. Poetry Therapy: A Bibliography. (United States)

    Weinstock, Donald J., Comp.

    The 84 entries contained in this bibliography are arranged under three headings: poetry therapy, bibliotherapy, and relevant related items. Representing books, educational journals, popular magazines, and research studies, the titles span a variety of topics, including the following: poetry therapy in psychiatric nursing, poetry programs in mental…

  2. The Uses of Writing in Psychotherapy. (United States)

    Brand, Alice Glarden


    The author traces the development of writing as a therapeutic tool, from its roots in Freudian psychoanalysis and bibliotherapy to current practices in the humanistic psychologies, where poetry therapy, correspondence, and diary-keeping are used as adjuncts to conventional therapies and as vehicles for self-awareness and self-help. (SJL)

  3. Understanding Death. (United States)

    Heath, Charles P.


    Bibliotherapy can help children prepare for and understand the death of a loved one. An annotated bibliography lists references with age level information on attitudes toward death and deaths of a father, friend, grandparent, mother, pet, and sibling. (Author/CL)

  4. Coping with Bullying: What Answers does Children's Literature Provide? (United States)

    Flanagan, Kelly S.; Vanden Hoek, Kristin K.; Shelton, Andrew; Kelly, Sarah L.; Morrison, Chelsey M.; Young, Amy M.


    Bibliotherapy is a therapeutic tool for helping children deal with stressful events. Bullying and peer victimization is commonly experienced by children and has been associated with psychosocial maladjustment. However, research suggests that particular coping strategies may be more or less effective. As stories are one avenue through which…

  5. Prison Libraries--The Realities. (United States)

    Hartz, Fred R.


    This review of the effectiveness of bibliotherapy as a correctional rehabilitation tool discusses the need for library educators and associations to recognize that the function of prison libraries is to advance the freedom to read, not to provide formal educational or rehabilitational programs. (10 references) (CLB)

  6. Why is self-help neglected in the treatment of emotional disorders? A meta-analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Den Boer, PCAM; Wiersnia, D; Van den Bosch, RJ


    Background. Although the burden of emotional disorders is very high, mental health care is only available to a minority of patients. The literature suggests that self-help strategies, both bibliotherapy and self-help groups alike, are effective for various, less serious complaints but it is unclear

  7. The Uses of Juvenile Fiction and Self-Help Books with Stepfamilies. (United States)

    Coleman, Marilyn; Ganong, Lawrence H.


    Advocates use of bibliotherapy as an adjunct to counseling with stepchildren and remarried adults. Information to guide the selection and use of fiction and self-help books for children and adolescents is provided. Also mentioned are other audiences and uses for the adolescent fiction. (Author)

  8. Using Fairy Tales to Change Perceptions of Self and Others. (United States)

    Gornicki, Sylvia B.

    Fairy tales can be used in the classroom to promote normal growth and development as well as carry a message of hope and faith in the strength and goodness of humans. Because fairy tales are imaginative literature, readers can safely experience and work through scary situations which are analogous to situations in real life. Bibliotherapy refers…

  9. When children die: death in current children's literature and its use in a library.


    Walker, M E; Jones, J.


    Death and dying are dealt with realistically and sympathetically in current children's literature. Books can play an important role in helping children suffering from catastrophic illness by showing how other children have coped with similar situations; they can also form a basis for bibliotherapy with patients. This paper examines current trends in children's literature and describes how these books have been incorporated into a patient library at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.

  10. An Leabharlann : The Irish Library


    Sliney, Marjory


    A Career in Librarianship: John Dean. Interview by Helen Fallon; Acceptance speech of Professor John Dean on the occasion of Hon FLAI; Health Sciences Libraries. Kate Kelly considers the issues and trends; Chester Beatty Library. Charles Horton gives an overview of the collections; From small acorns: the Foyle initiative. Elaine Urquhart reports Meath Healthy Reading Scheme. Shauna Henry describes a case study in bibliotherapy; Conference Reports: Internet Librarian 2008- ...

  11. [About elderly people and the healing effect of poetry]. (United States)

    Marcoen, A


    Poems about aging and old age are published regularly in anthologies and websites. Over 15% of persons of 16 years and older in the Netherlands write poems at some time, including 8% of the elderly. Poetry reading and writing can have a beneficial effect. In many countries bibliotherapy and poetry therapy are part of the therapeutic arsenal of the health care practitioners. There is more and more research into the effects of creative writing on many health indicators at the physiological, emotional and cognitive levels of functioning. In the Dutch speaking countries, too, the possible benefits of poetry deserves the attention of gerontological practitioners and researchers. PMID:20593738

  12. Behavioral interventions for office-based care: interventions in the family medicine setting. (United States)

    Larzelere, Michele McCarthy


    The practice of family medicine includes the care of many patients with mental health or behavior change needs. Patients in mild to moderate distress may benefit from brief interventions performed in the family physician's office. Patients in more extreme distress may be helped by referral to behavioral health clinicians for short-term or open-ended therapies. Electronic therapy programs and bibliotherapy are also useful resources. The transition to the patient-centered medical home model may allow for more widespread integration of behavioral health care clinicians into primary care, in person and through telemental health care. Integrated care holds the promise of improved access, greater effectiveness of behavioral health service provision, and enhanced efficiency of primary care for patients with behavioral health care needs.

  13. A current reader's response to the article of 50 years ago by Karpman, B. (1949): "The principles and methods of objective psychotherapy". (United States)

    Luborsky, L


    The first aim is to describe the psychotherapy of 1949 in the light of today's psychotherapies. The old psychotherapy is suited to treating severely ill patients. It does not use free association, but rather is focused on current problems. It uses dreams, yet it also uses homework and bibliotherapy. The second aim is to critique the treatment. Consistent with its era. it does not make use of medications, and there is an absence of references to psychotherapy research, which was then just starting. The treatment relies over-heavily on the authority of the therapist. A third aim is to describe the changes in our field in the past 50 years and examine the predictions for the future. Although the treatment is called objective psychotherapy, it does not make use of the most up-to-date means of measuring accuracy of interpretations, such as the Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT) method and other methods like it.

  14. Transpersonal psychotherapy. (United States)

    Boorstein, S


    The history, theory, and practice of Transpersonal (or Spiritual) Psychotherapy are presented. The author describes his own evolution from a traditional psychoanalyst to a psychotherapist who uses the tools and wisdom from spiritual traditions to enhance traditional psychotherapy while, at the same time, improving the self system of the therapist. Dangers as well as benefits of the spiritual approach are outlined. The creation and holding of a spiritual or transpersonal context is described and ways to ascertain, in the clinical situation, the appropriateness of such an approach are explained. The use of bibliotherapy to help transform and expand the worldview of the patient is outlined. Prayer and meditational systems also have a healing role in this approach. To illustrate the uses of Transpersonal Psychotherapy in practice, four cases are presented: 1) a paranoid schizophrenic man, 2) a well-functioning borderline person, 3) a very poorly functioning borderline person, and 4) a high-functioning neurotic man who had been in psychoanalysis.

  15. Cultural Adaptation of Minimally Guided Interventions for Common Mental Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (United States)

    Heim, Eva; Chowdhary, Neerja; Maercker, Andreas; Albanese, Emiliano


    Background Cultural adaptation of mental health care interventions is key, particularly when there is little or no therapist interaction. There is little published information on the methods of adaptation of bibliotherapy and e-mental health interventions. Objective To systematically search for evidence of the effectiveness of minimally guided interventions for the treatment of common mental disorders among culturally diverse people with common mental disorders; to analyze the extent and effects of cultural adaptation of minimally guided interventions for the treatment of common mental disorders. Methods We searched Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO for randomized controlled trials that tested the efficacy of minimally guided or self-help interventions for depression or anxiety among culturally diverse populations. We calculated pooled standardized mean differences using a random-effects model. In addition, we administered a questionnaire to the authors of primary studies to assess the cultural adaptation methods used in the included primary studies. We entered this information into a meta-regression to investigate effects of the extent of adaptation on intervention efficacy. Results We included eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) out of the 4911 potentially eligible records identified by the search: four on e-mental health and four on bibliotherapy. The extent of cultural adaptation varied across the studies, with language translation and use of metaphors being the most frequently applied elements of adaptation. The pooled standardized mean difference for primary outcome measures of depression and anxiety was -0.81 (95% CI -0.10 to -0.62). Higher cultural adaptation scores were significantly associated with greater effect sizes (P=.04). Conclusions Our results support the results of previous systematic reviews on the cultural adaptation of face-to-face interventions: the extent of cultural adaptation has an effect on intervention efficacy

  16. Efficacy of a behavioral self-help treatment with or without therapist guidance for co-morbid and primary insomnia -a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernelöv Susanna


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cognitive behavioral therapy is treatment of choice for insomnia, but availability is scarce. Self-help can increase availability at low cost, but evidence for its efficacy is limited, especially for the typical insomnia patient with co-morbid problems. We hypothesized that a cognitive behaviorally based self-help book is effective to treat insomnia in individuals, also with co-morbid problems, and that the effect is enhanced by adding brief therapist telephone support. Methods Volunteer sample; 133 media-recruited adults with insomnia. History of sleep difficulties (mean [SD] 11.8 [12.0] years. 92.5% had co-morbid problems (e.g. allergy, pain, and depression. Parallel randomized (block-randomization, n ≥ 21 controlled "open label" trial; three groups-bibliotherapy with (n = 44 and without (n = 45 therapist support, and waiting list control (n = 44. Assessments before and after treatment, and at three-month follow-up. Intervention was six weeks of bibliotherapeutic self-help, with established cognitive behavioral methods including sleep restriction, stimulus control, and cognitive restructuring. Therapist support was a 15-minute structured telephone call scheduled weekly. Main outcome measures were sleep diary data, and the Insomnia Severity Index. Results Intention-to-treat analyses of 133 participants showed significant improvements in both self-help groups from pre to post treatment compared to waiting list. For example, treatment with and without support gave shorter sleep onset latency (improvement minutes [95% Confidence Interval], 35.4 [24.2 to 46.6], and 20.6 [10.6 to 30.6] respectively, and support gave a higher remission rate (defined as ISI score below 8; 61.4%, than bibliotherapy alone (24.4%, p's Conclusions Participants receiving self-help for insomnia benefited markedly. Self-help, especially if therapist-supported, has considerable potential to be as effective as individual treatment at lower cost, also for

  17. Comparing two books and establishing probably efficacious treatment for low sexual desire. (United States)

    Balzer, Alexandra M; Mintz, Laurie B


    Using a sample of 45 women, this study compared the effectiveness of a previously studied (Mintz, Balzer, Zhao, & Bush, 2012) bibliotherapy intervention (Mintz, 2009), a similar self-help book (Hall, 2004), and a wait-list control (WLC) group. To examine intervention effectiveness, between and within group standardized effect sizes (interpreted with Cohen's, 1988 benchmarks .20 = small, .50 = medium, .80+ = large) and their confidence limits are used. In comparison to the WLC group, both interventions yielded large between-group posttest effect sizes on a measure of sexual desire. Additionally, large between-group posttest effect sizes were found for sexual satisfaction and lubrication among those reading the Mintz book. When examining within-group pretest to posttest effect sizes, medium to large effects were found for desire, lubrication, and orgasm for both books and for satisfaction and arousal for those reading the Mintz book. When directly comparing the books, all between-group posttest effect sizes were likely obtained by chance. It is concluded that both books are equally effective in terms of the outcome of desire, but whether or not there is differential efficacy in terms of other domains of sexual functioning is equivocal. Tentative evidence is provided for the longer term effectiveness of both books in enhancing desire. Arguing for applying criteria for empirically supported treatments to self-help, results are purported to establish the Mintz book as probably efficacious and to comprise a first step in this designation for the Hall book. PMID:25730171

  18. [Complementary treatment methods for depression in children and adolescents]. (United States)

    Dolle, Kathrin; Schulte-Körne, Gerd


    Depressive disorders are among the more common mental illnesses around the world, about 1- 3% of prepubertal children and 6% of postpubertal children and adolescents are affected. They markedly impair psychosocial development and are associated with higher rate of morbidity and mortality throughout life. Many physicians are unsure about which treatment approaches are effective and how the treatment should be planned. A systematic literature search was carried out in electronic databases and study registries and as a manual search. More than 450 studies (mostly randomized controlled trials = RCTs) were identified and summarized in evidence tables. The ensuing recommendations were agreed upon in a consensus conference. The review summarizes the evidence of complementary treatment methods. The evidence for complementary treatment methods (art and music therapy, sleep deprivation, exercise, electroconvulsive therapy, massage, transcranial magnetic stimulation, relaxation, bibliotherapy, computer based therapy, light therapy, omega-3 treatment) is low or there is no evidence due to missing studies or studies of poor quality. For some methods, i. e. light therapy, relaxation and stress reduction and sleep deprivation there is limited indication for effectiveness without sufficient evidence for a practical guidance. There is an urgent need for adequately informative comparative studies on treatment of depression in children and adolescents considering also complementary methods. PMID:24707770

  19. Reading between the lines: the experiences of taking part in a community reading project. (United States)

    Hodge, S; Robinson, J; Davis, P


    Despite the popularity of reading groups, and the increased number of general-practitioner-referred bibliotherapy schemes in the UK, there has been relatively little research on the effects of reading works of literature on the well-being and health of readers. This paper reports the findings of a study set up to explore people's experiences of taking part in community reading groups run by the Get into Reading Project in Wirral, Merseyside, UK. A qualitative approach was adopted, using three methods. These were participant observation with five reading groups, a key stakeholder interview and, with a sixth group, a single case study that consisted of observation and interviews with group members. The fieldwork conducted with the six groups took place in a variety of settings, including libraries, a residential drug rehabilitation unit and a hostel for homeless men. The research participants were all over 18 years of age, and all were members or facilitators of Get into Reading reading groups. The data were analysed thematically using NVivo qualitative analysis software. The findings show that the groups do not have a specific, targeted, therapeutic function, their primary purpose being more broadly literary, with literature itself trusted both to serve a coalescing social purpose and to offer non-specified but individual therapeutic benefits. Further work should be undertaken to explore the social and therapeutic benefits of reading literature in community settings.

  20. Leer: un derecho …….también en el hospital Reading: A Right… Also in the Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Deberti Martins


    Full Text Available Abordamos la temática de la lectura como fenómeno complejo de construcción de sentido y de re-construcción del sí mismo, especialmente en situaciones de vulnerabilidad psíquica y física como es el caso de los sujetos hospitalizados. Se destaca el papel de la biblioterapia como una herramienta posible a aplicar en los diversos centros de salud. El marco teórico desde el cual se reflexiona es el Psicoanálisis (fundamentalmente la teoría de Winnicott y la Antropología de la Lectura (Michèle Petit. Se relata la experiencia de creación de biblioteca para pacientes en el Portal Amarillo (Centro de Información y Referencia en Drogas, Uruguay.We approach the subject of reading as a complex phenomenon of construction of sense, and reconstruction of oneself, especially in situations of psychic and physical vulnerability as in the case of the hospitalized people. The role of the bibliotherapy is important as a possible tool to apply in the different health centers. The theoretical frame considered is the psychoanalysis (essentially the theory of Winnicott and the anthropology of the reading (Michèle Petit. Experience of creation of library for patients in the Portal Amarillo is described (Centro de Información y Referencia en Drogas, Uruguay.

  1. 医学和医学教育的叙事革命:后现代"生命文化"视角%Narrative Turn in Medical Study and Medical Education; the Postmodern Biocultural Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Narrative is an essential part of medicine. The emergence of "illness narrative" is the humanistic efforts to resist the biomedical pattern, which emphasizes the illness cure while neglecting patient care and embrace the biocultural model. Narrative-oriented medical perception is an urge of primitivism under postmodern perspective and it is an artistic science applied to education and clinical practice through bibliotherapy and graphotherapy.%作为后现代"生命丈化"视角下的主要议题,疾病叙事、叙事治疗以及叙事医学的兴起是对"生命医学"模式重视疾病、漠视人性的反抗;叙事取向的医学理念,这一原始主义与先锋精神的文化结合体,建立在后现代哲思和社会建构理论基础上,是疾病叙事阅读治疗和创作治疗在临床和教学上的实践.

  2. Reel help for real life: Film therapy and beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippa Strong


    Full Text Available In this article the background, development, therapeutical value and praxis of film therapy in Christian counselling will be addressed. The second part of the article shows what the scenery beyond film therapy may look like and how this form of therapy may extend to other areas of digital and electronic media in the current counselling and pastoral care praxis. Postmodernity, as the context within which the society finds itself, is discussed, as well as the place of films in postmodernity. The important use and application of narratives in the postmodern era is discussed. Film therapy’s development as an outgrowth of bibliotherapy is explained. It is further shown how film therapy as a tool in the praxis of therapy may provide the ideal atmosphere for learning, enjoyment and edification. The scope of the article also reaches beyond the current use of film therapy by suggesting the use of other social and electronic media in a therapeutical way as an ever-increasing possibility. The article ends with some pointers in the use of film therapy.

  3. Curriculum development: Preparing trainees to care for children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders. (United States)

    Foley, Kimberly P; Haggerty, Treah S; Harrison, Natasha


    Family physicians provide care for about one-third of the children and adolescents in the United States, many of whom present with psychological concerns. Family physicians often do not recognize these psychological disorders and therefore do not diagnose or treat them. This report describes the implementation of a curriculum designed to increase family medicine trainees' level of awareness that children/adolescents experience psychiatric conditions. This goal is achieved through the addition of a clinical child/adolescent psychologist faculty member, resident self-assessment of training needs and subsequent development of didactic presentations to address these needs. The curriculum relies on the acquisition of child/adolescent psychiatric screeners, development of child/adolescent-focused bibliotherapy materials, and the development of a longitudinal behavioral sciences curriculum. To facilitate the screening of child/adolescent psychiatric disorders, a comprehensive collection of age-appropriate psychiatric screeners were compiled and made readily available in all precepting areas. To assist with the identification of specific child/adolescent psychiatric deficit areas, family medicine resident physicians were presented with an inventory of child/adolescent psychiatric, psychosocial, and behavioral topics, based upon American Academy of Family Practice guidelines and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition psychiatric disorders, and self-selected training deficiencies. PMID:26113643

  4. Influential psychotherapy figures, authors, and books: An Internet survey of over 2,000 psychotherapists. (United States)

    Cook, Joan M; Biyanova, Tatyana; Coyne, James C


    In a partial replication and extension of a survey conducted 25 years ago (Smith, 1982), over 2,400 North American psychotherapists completed a Web-based survey in which they identified prominent figures in the psychotherapy field who have most influenced their practice and the best psychotherapy books they had read in the past 3 years. There is a continued prominence to leaders of the field from 25 years ago but who are now deceased, notably the top-ranked Carl Rogers. Three books on the top-10 list represent empirically supported therapies (ESTs); two are treatment manuals for an EST, and one is a self-help book derived from an EST that has itself been shown to be efficacious bibliotherapy. Differences between psychologist and nonpsychologist therapists in the choice of influential figures, authors, and books are negligible. Implications are discussed in terms of the contemporary context into which therapeutic innovations are disseminated, as well as the conditions that may be necessary for successful dissemination. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  5. Feasibility of two modes of treatment delivery for child anxiety in primary care. (United States)

    Chavira, Denise A; Drahota, Amy; Garland, Ann F; Roesch, Scott; Garcia, Maritza; Stein, Murray B


    In this study, we examine the feasibility of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for children with anxiety in primary care, using two modes of treatment delivery. A total of 48 parents and youth (8-13) with anxiety disorders were randomly assigned to receive 10-sessions of CBT either delivered by a child anxiety specialist in the primary care clinic or implemented by the parent with therapist support by telephone (i.e., face-to-face or therapist-supported bibliotherapy). Feasibility outcomes including satisfaction, barriers to treatment participation, safety, and dropout were assessed. Independent evaluators, blind to treatment condition, administered the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children (ADIS) and the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) at baseline, post-treatment and 3-month follow-up; clinical self-report questionnaires were also administered. Findings revealed high satisfaction, low endorsement of barriers, low drop out rates, and no adverse events across the two modalities. According to the CGI-I, 58.3%-75% of participants were considered responders (i.e., much or very much improved) at the various time points. Similar patterns were found for remission from "primary anxiety disorder" and "all anxiety disorders" as defined by the ADIS. Clinically significant improvement was seen on the various parent and child self-report measures of anxiety. Findings suggest that both therapy modalities are feasible and associated with significant treatment gains in the primary care setting. ( unique identifier: NCT00769925).

  6. Evaluating the Effectiveness of ACT for Anxiety Disorders in a Self-Help Context: Outcomes From a Randomized Wait-List Controlled Trial. (United States)

    Ritzert, Timothy R; Forsyth, John P; Sheppard, Sean C; Boswell, James F; Berghoff, Christopher R; Eifert, Georg H


    Rigorous evaluations of cognitive behavioral self-help books for anxiety in pure self-help contexts are lacking. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) self-help workbook for anxiety-related concerns, with no therapist contact, in an international sample. Participants (N=503; 94% mental health diagnosis) were randomized to an immediate workbook (n=256) or wait-list condition (n=247). Assessments at pretreatment, 12weeks, 6months, and 9months evaluated anxiety and related symptoms, quality of life, and ACT treatment processes (e.g., psychological flexibility). Participants in the wait-list arm crossed over to the workbook following the 12-week assessment. The workbook condition yielded significant improvements on all assessments from pre- to posttreatment relative to wait-list, and these gains were maintained at follow-ups. The pattern observed in the wait-list condition was virtually identical to the active treatment arm after receiving the workbook, but not before. Attrition was notable, but supplemental analyses suggested dropout did not influence treatment effects for all but one measure. Overall, findings provide preliminary support for the effectiveness of this self-help workbook and suggest ACT-based self-help bibliotherapy might be a promising low-cost intervention for people experiencing significant anxiety-related concerns. PMID:27423162

  7. The role of self-help in the treatment of mild anxiety disorders in young people: an evidence-based review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradford S


    Full Text Available Debra Rickwood1,2, Sally Bradford31Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, Australia; 2headspace: National Youth Mental Health Foundation, North Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 3Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, AustraliaAbstract: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problems experienced by young people, and even mild anxiety can significantly limit social, emotional, and cognitive development into adulthood. It is, therefore, essential that anxiety is treated as early and effectively as possible. Young people are unlikely, however, to seek professional treatment for their problems, increasing their chance of serious long-term problems such as impaired peer relations and low self-esteem. The barriers young people face to accessing services are well documented, and self-help resources may provide an alternative option to respond to early manifestations of anxiety disorders. This article reviews the potential benefits of self-help treatments for anxiety and the evidence for their effectiveness. Despite using inclusive review criteria, only six relevant studies were found. The results of these studies show that there is some evidence for the use of self-help interventions for anxiety in young people, but like the research with adult populations, the overall quality of the studies is poor and there is need for further and more rigorous research.Keywords: adolescent, young adult, children, mental disorder, self-administered, bibliotherapy, therapist-guided

  8. [Behavioral treatment for chronic insomnia]. (United States)

    Adachi, Yoshiko; Yamagami, Toshiko


    The efficacy of non-pharmacological intervention for chronic insomnia has been proven by several meta-analytic reviews, an NIH report, an American Academy of Sleep Medicine review, and numerous clinical trials. Behavior therapy for chronic insomnia consists of relaxation, stimulus control, sleep restriction, cognitive restructuring and sleep hygiene education, which has produced reliable and durable changes in total sleep time, sleep onset latency, number and duration of awakening. These studies also showed that the post-treatment effect of behavior therapy is equal to that of hypnotic therapy, and that these effects were maintained for 6 months on follow-up assessment. Elderly insomniac patients would gain considerable benefit from behavioral treatments because there are no adverse physical effects as there are from pharmacological therapy. The authors present the basic theory, techniques of behavior therapy for insomnia, and the results of two important key meta-analytic reviews. Any behavioral approach such as convenient education, self-care enhancement by bibliotherapy, and individual face-to-face counseling, seem to be fruitful not only for American but also Japanese insomnia patients. Nonetheless, there are no currently actual intervention studies using behavior therapy in Japan. We have discussed the methodology of intervention study and published a behavioral self-help manual for people with sleep problems. Development of a behavioral approach to chronic insomnia seemed to be very beneficial and a useful contribution to mental health services. PMID:12373807

  9. El valor terapéutico de la lectura en el medio hospitalario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La incorporación de bibliotecas, así como el fomento de la lectura dentro de las instituciones hospitalarias es un área de interés creciente para las personas que nos dedicamos a la atención del niño hospitalizado en favor de su calidad de vida. Junto a las aportaciones teóricas derivadas de este enfoque, hay que resaltar la existencia de un cuerpo creciente de evidencia empírica y de importantes implicaciones en la práctica profesional. Teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de hacer más placentera la estancia hospitalaria, el artículo que se presenta se centra fundamentalmente en aportar una visión de la lectura como un instrumento de desarrollo personal y como medio para distraer y curar (biblioterapia además de valorar el panorama de las iniciativas desarrolladas dentro del contexto hospitalario que se presentan como una necesidad a tener en cuenta y que urge desarrollar.ABSTRACT: The incorporation of libraries as well as the fostering of reading in hospital institutions form an area of growing interest for those devoted to improving the quality of life of hospitalised children. Together with the theoretical contributions deriving from this approach, it should be stressed that there is growing empirical evidence with important implications for professional practice. With a view to the need to make hospital stays more pleasant, the present article focuses mainly on giving a view of reading as an instrument for personal development and as a means to distract and cure (bibliotherapy, besides evaluating the panorama of the initiatives developed within the hospital context, which are presented as a need to be taken into account and which should urgently be developed.

  10. Self-help interventions for adjustment disorder problems: a randomized waiting-list controlled study in a sample of burglary victims. (United States)

    Bachem, Rahel; Maercker, Andreas


    Adjustment disorders (AjD) are among the most frequent mental disorders yet often remain untreated. The high prevalence, comparatively mild symptom impairment, and transient nature make AjD a promising target for low-threshold self-help interventions. Bibliotherapy represents a potential treatment for AjD problems. This study investigates the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral self-help manual specifically directed at alleviating AjD symptoms in a homogenous sample of burglary victims. Participants with clinical or subclinical AjD symptoms following experience of burglary were randomized to an intervention group (n = 30) or waiting-list control group (n = 24). The new explicit stress response syndrome model for diagnosing AjD was applied. Participants received no therapist support and assessments took place at baseline, after the one-month intervention, and at three-month follow-up. Based on completer analyses, group by time interactions indicated that the intervention group showed more improvement in AjD symptoms of preoccupation and in post-traumatic stress symptoms. Post-intervention between-group effect sizes ranged from Cohen's d = .17 to .67 and the proportion of participants showing reliable change was consistently higher in the intervention group than in the control group. Engagement with the self-help manual was high: 87% of participants had worked through at least half the manual. This is the first published RCT of a bibliotherapeutic self-help intervention for AjD problems. The findings provide evidence that a low-threshold self-help intervention without therapist contact is a feasible and effective treatment for symptoms of AjD. PMID:27299909

  11. Efficacy of technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for OCD versus control conditions, and in comparison with therapist-administered CBT: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (United States)

    Dèttore, Davide; Pozza, Andrea; Andersson, Gerhard


    Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, few patients receive CBT, due to factors such as geographic limitations, perceived stigmatization, and lack of CBT services. Technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (T-CBT) could be an effective strategy to improve patients' access to CBT. To date, a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of T-CBT for OCD has not been conducted. This study used meta-analytic techniques to summarize evidence on the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD versus control conditions and therapist-administered CBT. A meta-analysis according to Prisma guidelines was conducted on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of T-CBT for OCD. Treatment was classified as T-CBT if evidence-based CBT active ingredients for OCD were included (psychoeducation, ERP, and cognitive restructuring), delivered through health technologies (e.g. self-help books, leaflets, and other forms of bibliotherapy) or remote communication technologies (e.g. the Internet, web-cameras, telephones, telephone-interactive voice response systems, and CD-ROMS). Studies using validated outcomes for OCD or depression were included. Eight trials were included (N = 420). Two trials were classified as at high risk of bias. T-CBT seemed to be superior to control conditions on OCD symptom outcomes at post-treatment (d = 0.82, 99% CI = 0.55-1.08, p = 0.001), but not on comorbid depression (d = 0.33, 99% CI = - 0.01-0.67, p = 0.020). Difference in the efficacy on OCD symptoms between T-CBT and therapist-administered CBT was not significant, despite a trend favouring therapist-administered CBT emerged (d = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.03-0.87, p = 0.033). Directions for research are discussed. Further RCTs are warranted to examine the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD. PMID:25705787

  12. Efficacy of technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for OCD versus control conditions, and in comparison with therapist-administered CBT: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (United States)

    Dèttore, Davide; Pozza, Andrea; Andersson, Gerhard


    Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, few patients receive CBT, due to factors such as geographic limitations, perceived stigmatization, and lack of CBT services. Technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (T-CBT) could be an effective strategy to improve patients' access to CBT. To date, a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of T-CBT for OCD has not been conducted. This study used meta-analytic techniques to summarize evidence on the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD versus control conditions and therapist-administered CBT. A meta-analysis according to Prisma guidelines was conducted on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of T-CBT for OCD. Treatment was classified as T-CBT if evidence-based CBT active ingredients for OCD were included (psychoeducation, ERP, and cognitive restructuring), delivered through health technologies (e.g. self-help books, leaflets, and other forms of bibliotherapy) or remote communication technologies (e.g. the Internet, web-cameras, telephones, telephone-interactive voice response systems, and CD-ROMS). Studies using validated outcomes for OCD or depression were included. Eight trials were included (N = 420). Two trials were classified as at high risk of bias. T-CBT seemed to be superior to control conditions on OCD symptom outcomes at post-treatment (d = 0.82, 99% CI = 0.55-1.08, p = 0.001), but not on comorbid depression (d = 0.33, 99% CI = - 0.01-0.67, p = 0.020). Difference in the efficacy on OCD symptoms between T-CBT and therapist-administered CBT was not significant, despite a trend favouring therapist-administered CBT emerged (d = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.03-0.87, p = 0.033). Directions for research are discussed. Further RCTs are warranted to examine the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD.

  13. Tratamento psicológico do medo de viajar de avião, a partir do modelo cognitivo: caso clínico Psychological treatment of the fear of flying based on a cognitive model: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Augusto Remor


    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresentar-se-á um caso clínico com a avaliação e tratamento psicológico, a partir do modelo cognitivo, de uma mulher de 32 anos, que apresenta medo de voar de avião. A avaliação e o diagnóstico foram feitos através da entrevista clínica, utilizando os critérios do DSM-IV, e aplicou-se com medidas pré e pós-tratamento o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck (BAI e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI. As técnicas utilizadas no tratamento foram: dar informação, treinamento em relaxamento, tarefas comportamentais, dessensibilização sistemática em imaginação, detecção de distorções cognitivas, discussão de idéias irracionais e auto-exposição in vivo. Os objetivos terapêuticos foram alcançados através de uma intervenção de nove sessões de terapia, de periodicidade semanal, adicionando ao processo terapêutico biblioterapia como tarefa para casa. A intervenção alcançou mudanças positivas e a melhoria mantém-se depois de um seguimento de dois e de quatro meses trás o final do tratamento.This paper describes a clinical case study, including psychological assessment and treatment, based on a cognitive model, of a 32-year-old woman who showed fear of flying. The assessment and diagnosis were carried out by means of a clinical interview employing DSM-IV criteria, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI. Measures of pre- and post-treatment were obtained. The techniques used in the treatment consisted of the following: information, relaxation techniques, behavior tasks, systematic desensitization in imagery, identification of cognitive distortions, discussion of irrational ideas, and self-exposure in vivo. The therapeutic objectives were achieved after nine weekly therapy sessions and usig a therapeutic program of bibliotherapy as a complementary activity. The therapy resulted in positive changes and in an improvement, which remained stable at the two to four month follow

  14. Self-help interventions for depressive disorders and depressive symptoms: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorm Anthony F


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research suggests that depressive disorders exist on a continuum, with subthreshold symptoms causing considerable population burden and increasing individual risk of developing major depressive disorder. An alternative strategy to professional treatment of subthreshold depression is population promotion of effective self-help interventions that can be easily applied by an individual without professional guidance. The evidence for self-help interventions for depressive symptoms is reviewed in the present work, with the aim of identifying promising interventions that could inform future health promotion campaigns or stimulate further research. Methods A literature search for randomised controlled trials investigating self-help interventions for depressive disorders or depressive symptoms was performed using PubMed, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Reference lists and citations of included studies were also checked. Studies were grouped into those involving participants with depressive disorders or a high level of depressive symptoms, or non-clinically depressed participants not selected for depression. A number of exclusion criteria were applied, including trials with small sample sizes and where the intervention was adjunctive to antidepressants or psychotherapy. Results The majority of interventions searched had no relevant evidence to review. Of the 38 interventions reviewed, the ones with the best evidence of efficacy in depressive disorders were S-adenosylmethionine, St John's wort, bibliotherapy, computerised interventions, distraction, relaxation training, exercise, pleasant activities, sleep deprivation, and light therapy. A number of other interventions showed promise but had received less research attention. Research in non-clinical samples indicated immediate beneficial effects on depressed mood for distraction, exercise, humour, music, negative air ionisation, and singing; while potential

  15. 基于认知行为疗法的自助干预在抑郁患者中的应用%Efficacy of self-help interventions based on cognitive behavioural therapy on depression: a systematic review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王霞; 杨敏


    Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been proved to be an effective psychological treatment method for depression,especially for mild-to-moderate depression,however,due to the influence of various factors,its application in patients with depression is limited.Studies abroad have confirmed self-help intervention based on CBT has good effects on patients with depression.By reviewing efficacy of self-help interventions based on CBT on depression,it can be known that most of the literatures support that self-help interventions based on CBT has good effects on depression.Related researches abroad have been more mature,but few similar studies have been conducted in our country.So self-help CBT for depression has broad prospects in our country,which can play an important role in the prevention and therapy of depression,alleviating the shortage of medical resources,and reducing the patients' medical expenses,etc.Based on bibliotherapy (a major form of self-help interventions based on CBT),future studies need to learn from foreign practice to expand the audience to the clinic,community and non-clinical patients,in order to provide advice for interventions for depression in China.%认知行为疗法(cognitive-behavioral therapy,CBT)已被证实是抑郁症特别是轻中度抑郁症的一种有效心理治疗方法,然而由于受到各种因素的影响,其在抑郁患者中的应用受到限制.国外研究已证实基于CBT的自助干预对抑郁患者有较好的效果.通过综述基于CBT的自助干预在抑郁患者中的应用现状,提出大部分文献支持基于CBT的自助干预在对抑郁患者有较好的效果,国外的相关研究已比较成熟,但国内类似的研究还为数不多,其在我国具有广泛的应用前景,可以在抑郁症的防治、缓解医疗资源的短缺、减少患者的医疗支出等方面发挥重要作用.未来国内的研究需在阅读疗法(基于CBT的自助干预的一种主要形式)的基础上借鉴国外的做