WorldWideScience

Sample records for bibliographique rapport final

  1. Notices bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Liste des notices bibliographiques obtenues en interrogeant la Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI – bgi-prodig.inist.fr qui correspond au domaine Géographie de la base FRANCIS (INIST-CNRS, http://www.inist.fr. Pour cette rubrique l'interrogation a été faite depuis 2000 avec les requêtes « érosion », « risque », « changement climatique », « adaptation », « protection de la nature », « fréquentation » croisées avec « littoral ».

  2. Bulletin Bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Airiau, Paul; Allouche-Benayoun, Joëlle; Arminjon, Constance; AUBIN, Françoise; Aubourg, Valérie; Azria, Régine; Béraud, Céline; Champion, Françoise; Chédozeau, Bernard; Chevalier, Yves; Cipriani, Roberto; Clémentin-Ojha, Catherine; Crowley, Cornelius; DAVIE, Grace; Duchesne, Véronique

    2011-01-01

    Ce numéro du Bulletin Bibliographique combine plus d’une centaine de comptes rendus de livres avec des notes critiques et des lectures sous plusieurs angles d’ouvrages marquants. La première note critique révèle la richesse des parutions et la vitalité des questionnements sur la pluralité des religions en Extrême-Orient. La seconde se penche sur la plasticité de la notion sans cesse renouvelée de chamanisme dans l’Asie de l’Est. La troisième traite de la manière dont le philosophe Jacques Bo...

  3. Liquéfaction des sols : Recherche bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Quibel, Alain; CENTRE D'ETUDES TECHNIQUES DE L'EQUIPEMENT NORMANDIE-CENTRE - CETE NORMANDIE-CENTRE

    2006-01-01

    Le présent rapport s'inscrit dans le cadre de l'opération 11E031 du LCPC piloté par Anne Marie Duval et Jean-François Semblat et intitulée "risques sismiques". Ce travail consiste à réaliser une synthèse bibliographique sur la liquéfaction des sols. Cette première approche a pour objet de faire un état des connaissances sur le sujet (définition, identification des sols liquéfiables, méthodes d'essais utilisées dans ce contexte, etc.). Cette recherche bibliographique s'axe sur trois points : -...

  4. Rebuilding the Chalberhoeni small hydro power station in Saanen, Switzerland; Chalberhoeni - Rapport Final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cavin, G. [Stucky SA, Renens (Switzerland); Wagner, T. [Sigmaplan, Berne (Switzerland)

    2009-07-01

    These two final illustrated reports for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) deal with various aspects of the Chalberhoeni small hydro project in Saanen, Switzerland. The first report presents data on the catchment area involved, available head, residual water quantities, installed power and annual production figures. Investments and operating costs are looked at. The second report describes the project and discusses regional planning aspects, hydrological basics and environmental issues in connection with the renewal project, including details on invertebrates found in the stream and their relevance to fishing and nature protection issues.

  5. Toxicity of particles emitted by the traffic: follow-up and bibliographic synthesis final report; Toxicite des particules emises par la circulation automobile: suivi et synthese bibliographique rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tissot, S.

    1999-12-01

    This study compiles the data published recently concerning the diesel and petrol motor emissions toxicity and in particular the effects of the particles phase. The aim of the work is to give a synthetical overview of the state of knowledge in this domain to allow a scientific argumentation concerning the toxicity risks assessment from these pollutants. The data concern epidemiological studies and also experimental studies in vivo and in vitro. (A.L.B.)

  6. ACI sécurité informatique KAA (Key Authentification Ambient) : Rapport final ACI sécurité informatique

    OpenAIRE

    Galice, Samuel; Legrand, Veronique; Le Mouël, Frédéric; Minier, Marine; Ubéda, Stéphane; Morvan, Michel; Sené, Sylvain; Guihéry, Laurent; Rabagny, Agnès; Moret-Bailly, Joël; Neuville, Jean-Philippe; Pousin, Jérome

    2007-01-01

    " Rapport de recherche issue de l'Action Concertée Interdisciplinaire (ACI) Sécurité Informatique KAA (Key Authentification Ambient). " Inscrit dans l'Action Concertée Interdisciplinaire "Sécurité informatique" (ACI SI 2004 Ministère délégué à la Recherche et aux Nouvelles Technologies en collaboration avec le département Sciences et Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication du CNRS, avec l'INRIA et la DGA) ayant pour objectif de proposer un "modèle de confiance pour les objets com...

  7. Introduction au DNA-Barcoding : rapport d'étude bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Bouteleux, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    Le DNA Barcoding est un outil de la biologie moléculaire destiné à l'identification des espèces. Il a été proposé comme très prometteur pour caractériser la biodiversité présente au sein de faunes encore très peu connues telles que les faunes tropicales. Les bibliothèques de barcodes ADN peuvent aider à caractériser les espèces pour établir ainsi la richesse spécifique des milieux et mettre en évidence un turnover spatial et phénologique de cette biodiversité. Cette étude s'inscrit dans un pr...

  8. Rapport fra PES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austring, Bennyé D.; Sørensen, Merete

    2011-01-01

    Rapport fra PES konferencen på Høgskolen i Vestfolden, Larvik, Norge, der blev afholdt 4. og 5.5.2011- skrevet sammen med Merete Sørensen, Pædagoguddannelsen i Roskilde......Rapport fra PES konferencen på Høgskolen i Vestfolden, Larvik, Norge, der blev afholdt 4. og 5.5.2011- skrevet sammen med Merete Sørensen, Pædagoguddannelsen i Roskilde...

  9. BDFGEOTHERM - A Swiss geothermal fluids database; BDFGEOTHERM - Base de donnees des fluides geothermiques de la Suisse - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sonney, R.; Vuataz, F.-D.

    2007-07-01

    The motivation to build up the database BDFGeotherm was to put at the disposal of the geothermal community a comprehensive set of data on the deep fluids of Switzerland and of some neighbouring areas. Researchers, engineers and all persons wanting to know the type and properties of geothermal fluids existing in a given area or underground system can find in BDFGeotherm a wealth of information which are generally widely dispersed and often difficult to reach. The BDFGeotherm database has been built under Microsoft ACCESS code and consists of nine tables connected with a primary key: the field 'Code'. A selection of parameters has been chosen from the following fields: general and geographical description, geology, hydrogeology, hydraulics, hydrochemistry and isotopes and finally geothermal parameters. Data implemented in BDFGeotherm are in numerical or in text format. Moreover, in the field 'Lithological log', one can visualize and save bitmap images containing lithological logs of boreholes. A total of 203 thermal springs or deep boreholes from 82 geothermal sites are implemented in BDFGeotherm. Among the 68 Swiss sites, a large majority of them are located in the northern part of the Jura range and in the upper Rhone valley (Wallis). Some sites, in Germany (5), France (3) and Italy (6), were selected for the following reasons: located near Swiss hot springs or deep boreholes, having similar geological features or representing a significant geothermal potential. Many types of queries could be realised, using any fields of the database and the results can be put into tables and printed or exported and saved in other files. (author)

  10. Jean Libis, Fabio Ferreira, Catherine Gublin, Sarah Mezaguer (eds., Les Lectures de Gaston Bachelard. Index bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurosa Alison

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Jean Libis, Fabio Ferreira, Catherine Gublin, Sarah Mezaguer (eds., Les Lectures de Gaston Bachelard. Index bibliographique (Paris, Presse Universitaire de Franche-Comté, 2011 ISBN: 978-2-84867-392 di  Aurosa Alison

  11. PROGEOTHERM - National program for the development of geothermal energy in Switzerland - Final report; PROGEOTHERM - Programme national de developpement de la geothermie en Suisse - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vuataz, F.-D.

    2007-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reviews the current situation with respect to the use of geothermal energy in Switzerland and the problems faced. Action to be taken is examined. The report proposes that specialised further education, including the setting up of a Master of Advanced Studies course at the University of Neuchatel and support for courses at Universities of Applied Sciences. Research and development in the geothermal area and support for pilot and demonstration installations, new machinery and exploration methods are proposed. Also, political, organisational and financial aspects of the support programme are discussed.

  12. Slut rapport for STALPK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Ingemar; Tiedje, Niels; Sørensen, Rasmus Kirkegaard

    2004-01-01

    delar: A Kortare ledtider - Rapid Tooling B Förbättrade materialegenskaper Här föreliggande rapport avser delprojekt A. I projektet har två nya tekniker för snabb verktygstillverkning vidareutvecklats och testats. Sen ena metoden MST-metoden baseras på indirekt tillverkning av verktyget genom att en...

  13. Rapportering med ABC modellen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiese, Lars Ole

    2006-01-01

    I denne artikel diskuteres Activity Based Costing (ABC) som rapporterings-teknik for kunde profitabilitet. Der argumenteres for, at indtægtserhvervel-sen inkl. dens direkte omkostningsforbrug bør adskilles fra omkostnings-beskrivelsen til produktfremstilling. Dvs. der gennemføres en aktivitetsba...

  14. Valorization of geothermal drilling of Thonex 1. Opportunity study - final report; Valorisation du forage geothermique de Thonex 1. Etude d'opportunite - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenny, J.; Frautschi, J.-M. [Geo2X, Oulens (Switzerland); Sidler, D.; Nawratil de Bono, C. [SIG Pole Energies - Production, Geneve (Switzerland); Vuataz, F.-D. [Centre de Recherche en Geothermie (CREGE), Neuchatel (Switzerland)

    2009-05-15

    The Thonex geothermal well was drilled in 1993 up to 2690 m. The flow rate was only 20 m{sup 3}/h, consequently the project was abandoned. The bottom hole temperature was 88 {sup o}C. For years, the idea of using this abandoned drilling has been debated. The MICA real estate project in this area revived the idea of exploiting the heat in the borehole using a heat probe. The first step was to verify the condition of the drilling in depth. The DMT Company based in Essen (Germany) recorded in January 2008 a caliper and an acoustic scanner (AB140) up to 1160 meter in depth. At this depth the diameter was less than 150 mm (instead 244 mm). June 2008, BRG Brunnenpruefdienst GMBH descends a camera into the hole. The upper part shows a clean well, from 900 meter, black iron flags are visible; the camera was stuck at 1100 m. These crusts are related by bacteria of the iron and sulfur. The next step, in early February 2009, was to clean the borehole using a Coiled Tubing. This equipment allowed cleaning the well up to 1810 m. The cleaning of the open hole section was not possible. Finally in May 2009, a caliper and thermal probe reached the depth of 1850 m, where the temperature was 66 {sup o}C.

  15. Reduction of the greenhouse effect by geological mineral in-situ sequestration of CO{sub 2} in basic rocks: bibliographic synthesis and possibilities in France. Final report; Reduction de l'effet de serre par sequestration geologique minerale in-situ de CO{sub 2} au sein de roches basiques: synthese bibliographique et revue des potentialites en France. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marechal, J.C.; Lachassagne, P

    2004-07-01

    The report constitutes a first bibliographic study defining the environments the most adapted to the geological mineral in-situ sequestration of CO{sub 2}. For each environment the lithology and the rocks permeability and porosity are analyzed. Thus the possible rocks and deposits in France are presented. (A.L.B.)

  16. More with thermal energy storage. Report 8. Autonomous heating. Autonomous development of ground temperature. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 8. Autonome opwarming. Autonome ontwikkeling bodemtemperatuur. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drijver, B. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-03-30

    verwezenlijken door slimme combinaties te maken? Het project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. Dit rapport bevat een analyse van de omvang van de thermische invloed van klimaatverandering en verstedelijking op de bodemtemperatuur. Aandacht is besteed aan de autonome opwarming van de ondergrond onderzocht die is opgetreden sinds 1900 en die in de periode tot 2040 nog mag worden verwacht. Hierbij is onderscheid gemaakt tussen landelijk gebied, waar alleen de klimaatverandering een rol speelt, en stedelijk gebied, waar ook het UHI-effect (Urban Heat Island) van belang is.

  17. Rapport om digitale oplysninger ved Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv.......Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv....

  18. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux; Quartier de Bellevaux - Lausanne. Rapport final de la phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gay, J.-B.; Montavon, M. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' Energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de Dynamiques territoriales (LADYT), Lausanne (Switzerland); Malatesta, D. [Ecole d' Etudes sociales et pedagogiques (EESP), Lausanne (Switzerland); Cunha, A. da; Dind, J.-P. [University of Lausanne, Institut de Geographie (UNIL-IGUL), Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in the first phase is reviewed: A database with details on 240 buildings was set up, a pilot analysis of a building was carried out and suggestions for renovation work were made. Also, a socio-economic analysis of the district was made and the expectations of inhabitants were noted. Mobility was critically analysed and first possibilities in the urban planning area were looked at. Recommendations for the second phase of the project are presented.

  19. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Mobility; Rapport final, phase 1. Theme 'Mobilite'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muehll, D. von der

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at mobility aspects and addresses the following questions with reference to city districts: sustainable mobility, what can and cannot be realised at this scale, what effects are to be expected, how can sustainability be measured and which obstacles are to be expected. Topics covered include public transport, foot and bicycle traffic, parking, noise, pollution and the reduction of physical danger. Management and information are also discussed as are promotion activities and ways of increasing awareness.

  20. Intentionally Building Rapport with Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starcher, Keith

    2011-01-01

    Developing rapport with students is important. Carson (1996) found that when alumni reflected on professors they had encountered 30 years ago, the quality most frequently associated with effective teachers was this: their attitude toward and relationship with students. In this article, the author shares the positive consequences of intentionally…

  1. Lytic process studies on anaerobic digestion of organic wastes. Etude des activites lytiques intervenant au cours de la digestion anaerobie des dechets organiques; Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durecu, S.; Thauront, J. (PEC Engineering, 95 - Cergy Pontoise (France). Service de Recherche et Developpement); Festino, C.; Aubart, C.; Reisinger, O. (Nancy-1 Univ., 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Lab. d' Ecologie Microbienne)

    1990-01-01

    To improve anaerobic digestion of pig manure, solubilization of the solid fraction was studied as the rate limiting step in the biomethanation process in an experimental completely mixed digester. The performance of conventional digesters should anaerobic microflora were inefficient in degrading complex biopolymers such as plant fibers. For pectin or cellulose, the use of digestible co-substrates accelerated methanation by increasing the yield of methane and a doubling of the apparent first order solubilization rate constant (Kp = 0.090/d). Lignin should methanation by decreasing methane yield and reducing the rate constant (Kp = 0.035/d). This inhibition was unrelated to volatile fatty acid accumulation. Nine strains of pectinolytic and/or cellulolytic bacteria were isolated. Chitin, a structural constituent of many final species, was effectively solubilized dining anaerobic digestion of pig manure. Seven strains of chitinolytic bacteria were isolated by high chitnese activity. The mycolytic power of fermenting manure processes acting through lytic microflora has been shown to be an effective antagonist of soil borne phytopathogenic fungi, as well as a fertilizer. In greenhouse trails, this compiled fraction demonstrated its ability to control flux unit. Keratin enhanced methane production, and increased H{sub 2}S nearly six-fold. Bacterial strains able to solubilize keratin were also used in autoclawed feather meal to extract the amino acids. (KJD)

  2. The HTScroll project - Innovative cogeneration system with a high-temperature turbine; Projet HTScroll. Nouveau systeme de cogeneration a turbine spirale haute temperature - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kane, M.; Cretegny, D.; Maquet, J. [ENEFTECH Innovation SA, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology EPFL, Laboratoire d' Energetique Industrielle LENI, EPFL Science Park PSE, Lausanne (Switzerland); Favrat, D. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2009-10-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) proposes an alternative for micro-cogeneration based on a scroll expander to produce electricity from relatively low-temperature heat sources (less than 250 {sup o}C), thus allowing the use of renewable energy resources such as biomass, solar thermal and geothermal energy. The authors note that such a system could produce cost-effective 'green' electricity as well as heat (near 60 {sup o}C) for space heating and domestic hot-water preparation. The design and validation of a new concept for a double-stage scroll expander ('HT-Scroll') operating at high and low pressures and high temperatures is discussed. Design, modelling and construction of a 5 kW unit have been carried out. The organic fluid Rankine Cycle concept is described, the modelling of the turbine, its construction and tests carried out are discussed. Problems encountered and future work are noted.

  3. Les bases de données bibliographiques pour l'exploration et la production des hydrocarbures Bibliographic Data Bases for Hydrocarbon Prospection and Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chambre Syndicale du Pétrole

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Les bases de données bibliographiques accessibles en ligne sont un outil très efficace pour qui cherche des documents scientifiques et techniques, mais il faut bien les connaître pour savoir les sélectionner. Deux types de bases de données sont présentées. D'abord celles qui couvrent les différents domaines qui composent l'exploration et la production des hydrocarbures : géologie, géophysique, forage, production et récupération assistée, économie et actualités, énergie et environnement. Ensuite, celles qui couvrent un type particulier de document : brevets, rapports, thèses, actes de congrès, normes et spécifications, livres, traductions, citations. Des fiches descriptives répertorient les caractéristiques des bases de données présentées dans chacune des sections. Bibliographic data bases accessible online make a very effective tool for searching for scientific and technical documents, but a thorough understanding of them is required if they are to be selected properly. Two types of data bases are described. The first ones cover different fields involved in hydrocarbon prospection and production: geology, geophysical prospecting, drilling, production and enhanced recovery, economics and current events, energy, environment. Then come data bases covering a specific type of document: patents, reports, theses, conference proceedings, standards and specifications, books, translations, citations. Descriptive data sheets give an inventory of the leading characteristics of the data bases described in each section.

  4. Data base of climatic change simulations for the impact studies. Final report; Base de donnees des simulations de changement climatique a l'usage des etudes d'impact. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polcher, J.; Leboucher, V.; Planton, S.; Valcke, S

    2003-12-15

    Data used for the study of the climatic change impact on the environment and the society come from climate models and are affected by uncertainties. It is necessary to quantify the resulting errors in the models. The data base provides a comparison of simulations of climatic change in France. The final report presents the project methodology. Three projects using the distributed simulations are also presented. (A.L.B.)

  5. Mission related to regulation and development of the photovoltaic sector in France. Final report; Mission relative a la regulation et au developpement de la filiere photovoltaique en France. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charpin, J.M; Sine, A.; Helleisen, Ph.; Tlili, C. [Inspection Generale des Finances - IGF, 75 - Paris (France); Trink, C.; Stoffaes, Ch. [Conseil General de l' Industrie de l' Energie et des Technologies - CGIET, 75 - Paris (France)

    2010-07-01

    This report first gives an overview of the development of the photovoltaic stock in France (high potential with a middle term development constrained by high costs, consequences of a very strong increase of demands at the end of 2009, perspective of development at a rather high rate). Then, it outlines and discusses the financial consequences of such a high rate development, and the inadequacy between industrial objectives and development rate. It presents a development plan for this sector, stresses the need to implement new purchase obligation measures before the summer 2010, and to define a global action plan to be implemented at the beginning of 2011 for the development of photovoltaic electricity. Elements of international comparison are finally proposed

  6. Study for a simplified LCA methodology adapted to bio-products. Final report; Etude d'une methodologie simplifiee pour la realisation des ACV des bio-produits. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Agricultural resources form a renewable stock of raw materials that can be used for various purposes: food supply, production of energy (including biofuels), bio-products and bio-based construction materials. The use of agricultural resources to produce bio-products is expanding in France and throughout the world, partly due to the presumed advantages of these products towards the environment. In this context, ADEME (the French Environment and Energy Management Agency) commissioned a study for the development of a methodological framework to evaluate the environmental impacts of bio-products. This study was also in charge of the identification of areas of improvement for the 'Bilan Produit', an environmental assessment tool developed by ADEME, in order to allow a future integration of bio-products. The first step of this study consisted of a comparative review of the existing bio-products' LCA (Life Cycle Assessment). This review underlined a deep heterogeneity among the methodologies used, as well as a lack of transparency in the results displayed. In a second step of the project, all the methodological issues in the evaluation of bio-products were studied, and recommendations for the resolution of each one of them have been proposed. These critical analyses are presented in individual fact-sheets, which detail the specific issues of each question, facts from the bibliographic review, the results of the tests conducted on three bio-products, and finally the methodological recommendations to answer the question. This project showed that some methodological recommendations had to be specified depending on the objective of the LCA: eco-design, environmental labeling or comparative LCA. The work conducted also identified some necessary improvements to the Bilan Produit tool, which come under four categories: addition of the missing inventories, integration of metadata regarding the inventories, consideration for the specific end-of-life scenarios of bio

  7. PCM power - Final report; Power PCM - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Citherlet, S.; Bony, J.; Morel, J.

    2008-07-01

    In a previous project (COSY-PCM) performed within Task 32 of the Solar Heating and Cooling Program of the International Energy Agency (IEA), we had analyzed the potential of energy storage by using phase-change materials (PCM) immersed in the tank of a combined solar heating system for space heating and domestic hot water. The potential of PCM use seemed to be highly dependent on the power of the equipment involved. If the power is too high the PCM is not able to store and to return the heat it should, due to the poor thermal conductivity of this type of material, even if a mixture of sodium acetate and graphite is used. The aim of the reported follow-up project was to develop nomographs for a fast and easy dimensioning of a water storage tank using phase-change materials (paraffin and sodium acetate with graphite) as a function of heat load, storage volume, and diameter of the PCM modules. For this purpose we have: (i) performed a measurement campaign on a new storage tank; (ii) developed a mathematical model of the installation under investigation, based upon the model previously developed for the description of the behaviour of the PCM; (iii) validated the model with experimental results; (iv) performed a series of simulations to create the nomographs. We have also studied the environmental impacts of sodium acetate. (author)

  8. ØG-DDB teknisk rapport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter;

    Nærværende rapport er den tekniske slutrapport for projektet Måling af økonomiske gevinster ved Det Digitale Byggeri (byggeriets digitalisering). Projektet er finansieret af Klima-, Energi og Bygningsstyrelsen og har haft en projektperiode fra medio 2009 til primo 2012. Projektet er udført på DTU...

  9. More with thermal energy storage. Report 6. High temperature storage. Overview of knowledge and results of measurements with regard to high temperature storage systems. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 6. Hogetemperatuuropslag. Kennisoverzicht en praktijkmetingen rondom hogetemperatuuropslagsystemen. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drijver, B. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-03-30

    project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. In dit rapport zijn de resultaten opgenomen van het onderzoek op het gebied van hoge temperatuur warmteopslag. Restwarmte die in de zomer beschikbaar is zou in de winterperiode goed kunnen worden gebruikt voor verwarmingsdoeleinden. Om dat mogelijk te maken moet de warmte tijdelijk worden opgeslagen. Gebleken is dat de ondergrond hier goed voor kan worden gebruikt, hetgeen heeft geresulteerd in een sterke groei van de systemen die daarvoor nodig zijn: WKO-systemen.

  10. Définition des réseaux de surveillance DCE de la qualité des masses d’eau côtières de l’île de Mayotte - Rapport final Tome 2 Cartographie des données DCE par masse d’eau

    OpenAIRE

    Turquet, Jean; Nicet, Jean Benoit; Cambert, Harold; Denis, Yves; Gonzalez, Jean-Louis; Bigot, Lionel; Guyomarch, Julien; Budzinski, Helene; Tapie, Nathalie; Jamon, Alban; Pribat, B

    2010-01-01

    Le tome 2 de l‘étude de « définition des réseaux de surveillance de la qualité des masses d’eau côtières de l’île de Mayotte », présente sous forme cartographique les données bancarisées sous format MapInfo. Seules les études intéressantes vis à vis de la DCE et disponibles ont été référencées et prises en compte dans cet exercice (cf. références bibliographique du tome 2). Ce premier exercice de bancarisation, ne se veut pas exhaustif, et devra faire l’objet d’entretiens, d’ajouts régulie...

  11. Vaye-Planaz drinking-water hydro-power installation; Petite centrale hydro-electrique de Vaye-Planaz sur le reseau d'eau potable de la commune de Grone. Etude de faisabilite. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-02-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the concept for a hydro-power installation that uses an existing drinking-water supply system. The report takes a look at the present situation which features ground-water sources, a transport pipeline and two reservoirs. The concept for the use of the available water pressure due to height-difference to drive a turbine and so generate electricity is described. Variants considered are reviewed. Investment and operating costs are examined as are the electricity production and the cost of the power generated. Finally, investments and other financial aspects are looked at and the further course of action is discussed.

  12. Gassmaks. Study of requirement for national focus on research for increased value-added industrial process of natural gas. Final report; Gassmaks. Utredning av behov for nasjonal satsing paa forskning for oekt verdiskaping fra naturgass gjennom industriell foredling. Endelig rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2006-08-15

    Final report concludes the importance of establishing the Research and Development program called 'Gassmaks'. The target of this program is increased value added to the natural gas loop. Strengthened know-how, industrial development and international competition force shall contribute to higher value added to community through industrial refining of natural gas. Gassmaks will by research based foundation exploit Norwegian natural gas resources environmental friendly. Highly prioritised are converting and use of natural gas to plastic raw materials, synthesis gas, synthetical fuel, energy processes, carbon materials, metallurgical processes and nutrients as proteins and fat. (AG). 28 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs

  13. Organisasjonstenkningen i 22.juli-kommisjonens rapport

    OpenAIRE

    Røgenes, Kristine Nordbø

    2013-01-01

    Sammendrag Denne studien omhandler organisasjonstenkningen i 22.juli-kommisjonens rapport. Fredag 22.juli 2011 ble Norge rammet av den verste terrorhandlingen på norsk jord i fredstid. Ufattelige tragedier utspant seg og viktige samfunnsorganisasjoner som politiet, helsevesenet, brannvesenet og regjeringen ble satt på en kraftig prøve. For å gi befolkningen de svar de hadde krav på, nedsatte regjeringen en uavhengig kommisjon. Kommisjonen fikk ett år på seg til å finne svarene og legge ...

  14. Discours rapporté et particules

    OpenAIRE

    Peuvergne, Julie

    2011-01-01

    Cet article concerne l’observation d’occurrences de discours rapporté (DR) extraites d’un corpus recueilli au Cameroun. Cette étude s’inscrit dans un questionnement plus large sur le morphème que. Son extrême fréquence dans le DR en fait un lieu d’observation privilégié. Le fonctionnement de que ne peut se comprendre indépendamment du faisceau d’indices au sein duquel il intervient : verbes de parole, pauses, prosodie, particules. Ces dernières en particulier jouent des rôles multiples, struc...

  15. Professor-Student Rapport Scale: Six Items Predict Student Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Janie H.; Ryan, Rebecca G.

    2013-01-01

    Rapport between students and teachers leads to numerous positive student outcomes, including attitudes toward the teacher and course, student motivation, and perceived learning. The recent development of a Professor-Student Rapport scale offers assessment of this construct. However, a Cronbach's [alpha] of 0.96 indicated item redundancy, and the…

  16. More with thermal energy storage. Report 1. Coupling with policy. Coupling of research results MMB with policy aspects. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 1. Koppeling met beleid. Koppeling onderzoeksresultaten MMB met beleidsaspecten. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luitwieler, M. [Bioclear, Groningen (Netherlands); Van Beek, D.; De Boer, S.; Koenders, M. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-06-25

    The project More With Thermal Energy Storage (MMB, abbreviated in Dutch) focuses on knowledge gaps and potential opportunities regarding open systems. The main questions to be answered are: (1) What effects (hydrological, thermal, microbiological and chemical) occur in the soil system by application of thermal energy storage; (2) Which technical options are available for a sustainable integration of thermal energy storage in the water and energy chain?; (3) Is it possible to achieve multiple objectives by using smart combinations? The project is organized in different work packages. In work package 2, the effects of individual and collective thermal energy storage storage systems on subsoils and the environment are determined. In work package 3 the opportunities for thermal energy storage and soil remediation are examined, while in work package 4 the focus is on new sustainable combinations of heat and cold storage. Work package is the umbrella part where communication and policy of and participation in MMB are the main subjects. This final report provides (a) an overview of the activities that have taken place in the context of work package 1, (b) the results of the other work packages in the light of four policy frameworks, and (c) a view on future policy [Dutch] Het project Meer Met Bodemenergie (MMB) richt zich op het invullen van kennisleemtes en mogelijke kansen ten aanzien van open systemen. De belangrijkste vragen waarop het onderzoeksprogramma MMB antwoord geeft zijn: (1) Welke effecten (hydrologisch, thermisch, microbiologisch en chemisch) treden op in het bodemsysteem bij toepassing van bodemenergie?; (2) Welke technische mogelijkheden zijn er voor het duurzaam inpassen van bodem-energie in de water- en energieketen?; (3) Is het mogelijk om meerdere doelstellingen tegelijk te verwezenlijken door slimme combinaties te maken? Het project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve

  17. Development of staged gasification plant for heat and power production based on wood pellers. Final report; Udvikling af trinopdelt forgasningsanlaeg til kraftvarmeproduktion paa traepiller (Castoranlaegget i Graested). Afsluttende rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houmann Jakobsen, H.

    2009-11-15

    the project period has removed some of the initially estimated overall economical advantages of the wood pellets as fuel compared to forest wood chips. Forced by economical reason the final choice of technology for the demonstration plant in Valby might end up with a wood chips solution. (author)

  18. Local village heating. Final rapport; Landsby Naervarme. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bojesen, C.

    2012-04-15

    Local Village Heating project relates to smaller villages which are located outside existing or planned district heating areas in Denmark. The analysis phase of Local Village Heating has shown that the concept can be the most feasible common heating system for villages that: 1. has a high building density - the buildings must be placed close together; 2. at least one large heat consumer, school, elder home or company is present in the village; 3. the number of buildings/households in the village is less than approx. 100. The analysis has shown that it is theoretical possible to establish a controlling system for the combined supplier/consumer option and an overall system for prioritizing the primary heat suppliers. A feasible Local Village Heating organisation could be a cooperative similar to other supply systems, such as common water supply and waste water cooperative. (Author)

  19. RhoMéO Axe B : rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Perennou, C.; Guelmam, A.; Alleaume, S.; Molnar N.; ISENMANN, M.; Porteret, J.

    2014-01-01

    / En 2009, l’Agence s’est rapprochée des gestionnaires de zones humides du Bassin Rhône-Méditerranée pour la concrétisation d’un tel outil. Suite à son démarrage en Rhône-Alpes en 2009, le programme RhoMéO s’est ensuite déployé sur l’ensemble du Bassin en collaboration étroite avec les acteurs des autres régions. Ce programme devait répondre à deux objectifs : Peut-on définir des méthodes opérationnelles et valides de suivi de l'état et des pressions des zones...

  20. Manifestations cliniques et endocrines liées au stress chez le chien et le chat : étude bibliographique comparative

    OpenAIRE

    Lapeyrade, Elsa

    2014-01-01

    Ce travail est une étude bibliographique comparative ayant pour but de décrire les manifestations cliniques et endocrines liées au stress chez le chien et le chat, et de pouvoir ainsi orienter les vétérinaires praticiens dans l’interprétation des résultats obtenus lors de modifications cliniques mais aussi physiopathologiques qui comprennent entre autres les mesures hormonales, biochimiques et hématologiques. Selon la chronicité du stimulus, le système nerveux orthosympathique via les catécho...

  1. State of the art of methods for the elimination of nitrogen in small and medium-sized agricultural biogas installations - Final report; Etat de l'art des methodes (rentables) pour l'elimination, la concentration ou la transformation de l'azote pour les installations de biogaz agricoles de taille petite/moyenne - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bakx, T.; Membrez, Y.; Mottet, A. [Erep SA, Aclens (Switzerland); Joss, A.; Boehler, M. [EAWAG, Duebendorf (Switzerland)

    2009-09-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reports on research work done on the elimination, concentration or transformation of nitrogen in small and medium-sized agricultural biogas installations. The goal of the project - the conception of a state of the art on existing, economically feasible technologies or processes to treat the nitrogen produced in anaerobic digestion - is discussed. Typical Swiss small/medium size agricultural biogas plants with an electrical power of around 100 kW from its combined heat and power generation (CHP) unit are examined. A reference installation is discussed which treats cow slurry, organic restaurant waste, used vegetable oils, bakery wastes, coffee grounds, and cereal wastes. A literature research is described which was conducted to find information regarding available treatment techniques for slurry and digestate treatment. Information from Switzerland, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and Austria was used. Various techniques are examined including a screw-press separator, a centrifuge, membrane filtration, air stripping with acid wash, air stripping with catalytic combustion, evaporation, band dryer, precipitation, composting and biological treatment. The economic analysis and the comparison between techniques are quoted as being coarse as they are based on numerous assumptions.

  2. Rapport d'Activite du Service Medical - 2001/2002

    CERN Document Server

    Fassnacht, V

    2003-01-01

    Le rapport annuel de l’année 2002 fait état de l’activité du service médical et de ses conclusions en matière de santé au travail ou de conditions de travail pour les membres du personnel du CERN, c’est à dire!: les titulaires, boursiers, étudiants, utilisateurs, attachés, etc…

  3. Etude de la regeneration naturelle controlee en foret tropicale humide de Guadeloupe. 1: Revue bibliographique, milieu naturel et elaboration d'un protocole experimental

    OpenAIRE

    Ducrey, Michel; Labbe, Patrick

    1985-01-01

    Après une revue bibliographique des études sur la régénération naturelle des forêts tropicales, les auteurs donnent des informations sur la forêt hygrophile de Guadeloupe. Cette forêt présente l’originalité dans le monde tropical d’être riche en un nombre limité d’espèces précieuses. Deux espèces principales : le gommier (Dacryodes excelsa) et le bois rouge carapate (Amanoa caribaea) représentent respectivement 20,7 p. 100 et 12,6 p. 100 du nombre de tiges total. Six autres espèces, bi...

  4. Storage exploratory project. Energy program. Final report; Projet exploratoire Stockage. Programme Energie. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunet, Y. [Laboratoire d' Electrotechnique de Grenoble, UMR 5529 INPG/UJF - CNRS, ENSIEG, 38 - Saint-Martin-d' Heres (France); Ozil, P. [Laboratoire d' Electrochimie et de Physico-Chimie des Materiaux et des Interfaces (LEPMI), ENSEEG, 38 - Saint Martin d' Heres (France); Cheron, Y. [Laboratoire d' Electrotechnique et d' Electronique Industrielle, CNRS, 31 - Toulouse (France); Multon, B. [Laboratoire des Sciences de l' Information et des Systemes et Applications des Technologies de l' Information et de l' Energie (SATIE), 94 - Cachan (France); Carillo, S. [Centre Interuniversitaire de recherche et d' Ingenierie sur les Materiaux (CIRIMAT), 31 - Toulouse (France)

    2004-07-01

    The aim of this exploratory project was the analysis of the most efficient possibilities of electric power storage. It was limited to the electrochemical storage, the lead batteries which behavior is not completely characterized, the flywheel energy storage and the development of simulation. This report presents the results of the works. (A.L.B.)

  5. EasyPipes - Final/annual report; EasyPipes - Rapport final/annuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallinelli, P.; Thomann, P.; Weber, W. [University of Geneva, Geneva (Switzerland); Hollmuller, P. [University of Lisbon, Lisbon (Portugal)

    2009-06-15

    This report describes follow-up activities in the field of design of buried air-to-ground heat exchangers for ventilated low-energy buildings. Such heat exchangers preheat the inlet air in winter and cool it in summer, contributing to significantly reduce the energy consumption and improve indoor thermal comfort. They have been extensively studied at the University of Geneva, Switzerland by P. Hollmuller, B. Lachal et al. since 2001. The corresponding reports can be found in the ETDE data base. The present and latest report of the series deals with implemented improvements of the computer simulation program for the dimensioning of such heat exchangers. A previous, experimentally and analytically validated version, based on TRNSYS formalism, was not enough user-friendly for architects and engineers in the practice. A new interface called EasyPipes, based on the windows input and output formalism and including graphical features, has been developed. Details are reported on.

  6. Student—teacher Rapport in Secondary English Classes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LuYunZhou

    2000-01-01

    The student teacher rapport,which is a special Kind of interpersonal and social relationships,influences the process of teaching and learning to such an extent that the result of teaching and learning will be a good one if the teacher and the students have built up a harmonious relationship and vice versa it is extremely important that the teacher should be a good user of the target language and teaching methods.In addition,the teacher has to have the knowledge of students physiological and psychological development.

  7. On the Effect of Teacher Talk on Teacher-Student Rapport in College English Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程佳

    2013-01-01

    This paper aimed to investigate the effect of teacher talk on teacher-student rapport in college English classroom. Be-sides, it attempted to analyze how to build teacher-student rapport in English classroom based on the theories of teacher Talk, hoping that it can assist teachers to upgrade their awareness in teacher talk and increase language learning and teaching efficiency.

  8. Students' Attitudes towards Rapport-Building Traits and Practices in Online Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Robert Demmon

    2012-01-01

    This research was a triangulated study of student attitudes towards instructors' rapport-building traits and their preferences amongst instructors' rapport-building practices in online learning environments. Participants were undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in courses within an educational technology program at a central Texas…

  9. More with thermal energy storage. Report 12. Combination with the water chain. New applications of thermal energy storage in combination concepts in the water chain. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 12. Combinatie met de waterketen. Nieuwe toepassingen van bodemenergie bij combinatieconcepten in de waterketen. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woning, M.; Van Oostrom, N. [Deltares, Delft (Netherlands); Kleinlugtenbelt, R. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-03-30

    worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. Dit rapport presenteert de activiteiten die zijn uitgevoerd in WP4 met resultaten van zowel de inventarisatiefase als de haalbaarheidsfase. Na de introductie van WP4 met kader en doelstelling volgt een inventarisatie van WKO combinaties en uitwerkingen van 3 combinatieconcepten.

  10. More with thermal energy storage. Report 11. Area-oriented groundwater control. Fitting of thermal energy storage in area-oriented groundwater control. Chances and points of attention. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 11. Gebiedsgericht grond-waterbeheer. Inpassing van bodemenergie in gebiedsgrondwaterbeheer. Kansen en aandachtspunten. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henssen, M. [Bioclear, Groningen (Netherlands); Hartog, N. [Deltares, Delft (Netherlands)

    2012-06-25

    - en energieketen?; (3) Is het mogelijk om meerdere doelstellingen tegelijk te verwezenlijken door slimme combinaties te maken? Het project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. In dit rapport wordt in het kader van inpassing van WKO systemen in verontreinigde gebieden een afweging gemaakt aan de hand van de volgende twee vragen: (1) is het reeel om te verwachten dat WKO in grootschalig verontreinigd gebied substantieel kan bijdragen aan het verbeteren van de grondwaterkwaliteit?; en (2) biedt WKO een mogelijkheid om de verontreinigingslast te beheersen? Welke combinaties met ander onder- of bovengronds gebruik kunnen er via WKO worden gemaakt?.

  11. Insertion professionnelle et rapport au temps de jeunes ayant interrompu leurs études secondaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Turcotte

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Que deviennent, sur le marché du travail, les jeunes qui ont interrompu leurs études secondaires cinq ans après leur sortie de l’école ? Dans quelle mesure leur décision d’interrompre leurs études était-elle liée à leur façon de se définir par rapport au présent comme certaines études ont déjà tenté de le montrer ? Leur orientation par rapport au temps (présent ou futur a-t-elle changé au cours de ces cinq années ? L’objectif de l’article est de présenter les résultats d’une recherche qualitative effectuée à partir d’entrevues semi-structurées sur l’insertion professionnelle et le rapport au temps de jeunes qui ont interrompu leurs études secondaires au Québec. Nous définirons tout d’abord nos perspectives théoriques sur l’insertion professionnelle et le rapport au temps. Puis, nous décrirons les quatre types de jeunes que nous avons construits du point de vue de leur insertion, leur rapport au temps au moment où ils ont quitté l’école et cinq ans après l’interruption de leurs études. Enfin nous vérifierons si ces quatre types de jeunes avaient une façon différente de se situer par rapport au temps.Vocational integration and time orientation of secondary school leaversWhat happens to secondary school leavers in the labor market five years after they left school? To what extent is their decision to drop out associated with a present time orientation as some studies have already showed? Has their time orientation (present or future changed over five years? The objective of the article is to present the results of a qualitative research based on semi-structured interviews on the vocational integration and the time orientation among Quebec secondary school leavers. We will first define our theoretical perspectives on the vocational integration and the time orientation. Then we will describe the four types of youth we have constructed from the point of view of their vocational integration

  12. Patient–Provider Rapport in the Health Care of People Who Inject Drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ginetta Salvalaggio

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Little research has described determinants and consequences of patient–provider rapport among people who inject drugs (PWIDs. This mixed-method study (a qualitatively described facilitators, barriers, and consequences to rapport development between PWIDs and their health care providers and (b quantitatively tested the hypothesis that quality of rapport is associated with positive patterns of service use. Two exploratory focus groups with PWIDs and care providers were conducted. Subsequently, 89 PWIDs completed a survey interview; of those, eight completed a follow-up qualitative interview. Qualitative results indicated that rapport is influenced by drug-related behaviors, addiction severity, provider expertise, patient-centered care, and perceived discrimination and that rapport then influences patient compliance, timing of care, and criminal activity. Quantitative results indicated that rapport predicted PWID satisfaction with care as well as frequency and timing of emergency department presentations. Results suggest that PWID–provider rapport has several unique determinants and is associated with positive health care outcomes.

  13. Manuel UNIMARC format bibliographique

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    This manual is the French translation of the second edition of UNIMARC Manual: bibliographic format published in English in 1994 and completed by 5 updates published from 1996 to 2005. This 5th French edition is composite. It reproduces identically a part of the 4th edition published in 2002 and, for the fields of the format modified in the Update 5, it offers a new more structured presentation. This is a handbook dedicated to French-speaking users of the UNIMARC format for bibliographic descriptions.

  14. Les possibilités de recherches bibliographiques en conversationnel de l'information scientifique et technique Possibilities of on-Line Bibliographic Searching for Scientific and Technical Information

    OpenAIRE

    Moureau M.; Girard A.

    2006-01-01

    L'interrogation des principaux fichiers bibliographiques répertoriant l'information scientifique et technique en conversationnel met journellement des millions de références à la portée du chercheur et de l'ingénieur qu'il soit géologue, foreur, raffineur ou utilisateur, qu'il travaille sur les sources d'énergie traditionnelles ou sur les sources d'énergie nouvelles. Ce nouveau mode d'exploitation est analysé sous l'angle de l'accessibilité qu'il apporte, à la fois accessibilité a physique » ...

  15. Tillæg til rapport om Havvindmøller i Nissum Bredning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Thomas Ruby; Larsen, Torben

    Nærværende rapport er udført for NOE, A.m.b.a. og Nissum Bredning Vindmølle Laug af Aalborg Universitet, Institut for Byggeri og Anlæg i henhold til konsulentaftale af 30.11.2011, som tillæg til tidligere rapport jf. konsulentaftale af 6.7.2010. /1/. Dette tillæg omfatter kun den såkaldte dæmning...

  16. Training in Compensatory Strategies Enhances Rapport in Interactions Involving People with Möbius Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Michael, John; Bogart, Kathleen; Tylén, Kristian; Krueger, Joel; Bech, Morten; Østergaard, John Rosendahl; Fusaroli, Riccardo

    2015-01-01

    In the exploratory study reported here, we tested the efficacy of an intervention designed to train teenagers with Möbius syndrome (MS) to increase the use of alternative communication strategies (e.g., gestures) to compensate for their lack of facial expressivity. Specifically, we expected the intervention to increase the level of rapport experienced in social interactions by our participants. In addition, we aimed to identify the mechanisms responsible for any such increase in rapport. In t...

  17. Training in Compensatory Strategies Enhances Rapport in Interactions Involving People with Möbius Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John eMichael

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In the exploratory study reported here, we tested the efficacy of an intervention designed to train teenagers with Möbius Syndrome (MS to increase the use of alternative communication strategies (e.g. gestures to compensate for their lack of facial expressiveness. Specifically, we expected the intervention to increase the level of rapport experienced in social interactions by our participants. In addition, we aimed to identify the mechanisms responsible for any such increase in rapport. In the study, five teenagers with MS interacted with three naïve participants without MS before the intervention, and with three different naïve participants without MS after the intervention. Rapport was assessed by self-report and by behavioral coders who rated videos of the interactions. Individual nonverbal behavior was assessed via behavioral coders, while verbal behavior was automatically extracted from the sound files. Alignment was assessed using cross recurrence quantification analysis and mixed effects models. The results showed that observer-coded rapport was greater after the intervention, whereas self-reported rapport did not change significantly. Observer-coded gesture and expressivity increased in participants with and without MS, while overall linguistic alignment decreased. Fidgeting and repetitiveness of verbal behavior also decreased in both groups. In sum, the intervention may impact nonverbal and verbal behavior in participants with and without MS, increasing rapport as well as overall gesturing, while decreasing alignment.

  18. Training in Compensatory Strategies Enhances Rapport in Interactions Involving People with Möbius Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, John; Bogart, Kathleen; Tylén, Kristian; Krueger, Joel; Bech, Morten; Østergaard, John Rosendahl; Fusaroli, Riccardo

    2015-01-01

    In the exploratory study reported here, we tested the efficacy of an intervention designed to train teenagers with Möbius syndrome (MS) to increase the use of alternative communication strategies (e.g., gestures) to compensate for their lack of facial expressivity. Specifically, we expected the intervention to increase the level of rapport experienced in social interactions by our participants. In addition, we aimed to identify the mechanisms responsible for any such increase in rapport. In the study, five teenagers with MS interacted with three naïve participants without MS before the intervention, and with three different naïve participants without MS after the intervention. Rapport was assessed by self-report and by behavioral coders who rated videos of the interactions. Individual non-verbal behavior was assessed via behavioral coders, whereas verbal behavior was automatically extracted from the sound files. Alignment was assessed using cross recurrence quantification analysis and mixed-effects models. The results showed that observer-coded rapport was greater after the intervention, whereas self-reported rapport did not change significantly. Observer-coded gesture and expressivity increased in participants with and without MS, whereas overall linguistic alignment decreased. Fidgeting and repetitiveness of verbal behavior also decreased in both groups. In sum, the intervention may impact non-verbal and verbal behavior in participants with and without MS, increasing rapport as well as overall gesturing, while decreasing alignment. PMID:26500605

  19. Concept for urban heating systems using co-generation; Conception de systemes de chauffage urbain pour la cogeneration. Phase I: application au quartier des Morasses (Martigny) de la methode de conception des reseaux de chauffage urbain developpe au LENI. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cherix, G. [Centre de competence en urbistique CREM, Martigny (Switzerland); Weber, C. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' energetique industrielle (LENI), Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2006-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reviews the work done in the first phase of a project concerning the concept for a district heating system in Martigny, Switzerland. This work was carried out by the Centre for Municipal and Energy Research CREM in Martigny, Switzerland, and the Laboratory for Industrial Energy LENI at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. Software developed at the LENI is introduced and its use for the determination of the necessary configuration and modes of operation of a district heating system in Martigny is discussed. The situation in the Morasses district of Martigny and the promising results obtained are looked at. These can lead to the optimisation of heating supply in other such areas.

  20. CO{sub 2} reduction: potential of heat pumps when used together with combined heat and power units; Potentiel energetique des pompes a chaleur combinees au couplage chaleur-force. Pour une reduction maximale des emissions de CO{sub 2} et pour une production de courant fossile avec reduction des emissions de CO{sub 2} en Suisse - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rognon, F.

    2005-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a project that examined the potential of using heat pumps in combination with Combined Heat and Power (CHP) units as a replacement for fossil-fuel fired heating units in Switzerland. The electrical power produced by the CHP units can be used to provide power for the drives of heat pump systems. The author states that the fossil fuel consumption and the resulting emissions of carbon dioxide can be halved using this combination. Also, even more efficient systems using power produced in larger combined-cycle power generation are discussed. Further examples of how fossil-fired power generation in combination with heat pumps can not only replace fossil-fuelled heating systems but also provide additional electricity too are given. This overview includes figures on the potential of such combined systems.

  1. Program GICC, final report (March 2005), inventory of carbonaceous aerosol particles from 1860 to 2100 or which carbonaceous aerosol for a significant climatic regional/global impact?; Programme GICC, RAPPORT DEFINITIF (Mars 2005), inventaire d'emissions d'aerosol carbone de 1860 a 2100 ou quelles emissions d'aerosol carbone pour un impact climatique regional/global significatif?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cachier, H.; Guinot, B. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l' Environnment, UMR CEA/CNRS 1572 - CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France); Criqui, P.; Mima, S. [IEPE, 38 - Grenoble (France); Brignon, J.M. [INERIS, 60 - Verneuil-en-Halatte (France); Penner, J. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Carmichael, G. [Iowa Univ., Iowa City, IA (United States); Gadi, R. [National Physical Lab., New Delhi (India); Denier Van der Gon, H. [TNO Hollande (Netherlands); Gregoire, J.M. [JRC, Ispra (Italy); Liousse, C.; Michel, C.; Guillaume, B.; Junker, C

    2007-07-01

    The aim of our program is to determine past, present and future emission inventories of carbonaceous particles from 1860 to 2100 for fossil fuel and biofuel sources. Emission inventories for savannah and forest fires have been developed by using burnt area products given by satellite for Asia and Africa. The strong collaboration with the different groups attending this GICC program has allowed to develop the following results. 1- With the improvement of algorithms and new choices for emission factors, emission inventories for black carbon (BC), primary organic carbon (OCp) and total organic carbon (OCtot) have been constructed for the period 1950 to 1997 for fossil fuel and biofuel sources. With these new development, biofuel sources have been seen to be significant, especially in the developing countries. 2- Past inventories have been developed for fossil fuel and biofuel sources from 1860 to 1997 by taking into account the evolution of fuel consumption, fuel use and emission factors. 3- Savannah and forest fire inventories have been constructed based on burnt area products, for Africa (1981-1991, 2000) and Asia (2000-2001). These results show the importance of using real time data instead of statistics. 4-Future emission inventory of black carbon by fossil fuel sources has been constructed for 2100 following the IPCC scenario A2 (catastrophic case) and B1 (perfect world). 5-Characterization of biofuel emissions has been realized by organizing an experiment in a combustion chamber where indian and chinese biofuels (fuelwood, agricultural wastes, dung-cake etc..). were burnt, reproducing the burning methods used in these countries. 6-Finally, the differences between the existing inventories of carbonaceous aerosols has been explained. (A.L.B.)

  2. Comparative evaluation of energy-related aspects in urban and in rural districts - Case study in the Canton of Neuchatel, Switzerland; Analyse comparative des aspects energetiques de quartiers urbains et ruraux. Etude de cas dans le canton de Neuchatel. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perret, L.; Vuilleumier, R.; Bonhote, P. [Planair SA, La Sagne (Switzerland); Rey, E. [Bauart Architectes et Urbanistes SA, Neuchatel (Switzerland)

    2007-07-01

    The project aims at identifying the energy impact of various current ways of regional planning through a case study of eight districts in the canton of Neuchatel. The districts reveal the trends of planning in an urban centre, and in incorporated (suburb) or unincorporated territory. Thus, the influence of the distance to the centre of the agglomeration named 'centrality' has been studied. The energy expenditure for the buildings' construction phase (buildings, roads, networks) and utilization phase (heating, electricity, water, waste, networks) has been taken into account as well as the mobility. The energy investments have been evaluated by the method SNARC. The energy expenditure for operation and mobility has been evaluated based on questionnaires addressed to the inhabitants. As a result, the variable 'centrality' has only a weak role on the life cycle analysis (LCA) per inhabitant. In our case, the LCA for incorporated districts (suburb) and unincorporated districts are similar. With a LCA per square meter, the impact is completely similar and no correlation with the variable 'centrality' has been noticed. As the households are larger per inhabitants when the district is located in a suburban zone, the LCA per square meter remains stable. On the contrary, if the LCA is determined per household, the LCA is perfectly correlated with the variable 'centrality'. Thus, a household in the centre of Neuchatel consumes twice less energy resources than a household in Val-of-Ruz (rural area). The study highlights also the critical impacts of a LCA on a district scale. Finally, this study gives recommendations based on the energy and demographic prospects in order to respond to the objective of a 2000 watts society. (author)

  3. Natural Afsluitdijk. Phase 1. Report Marketing Research Afsluitdijk; Natuurlijk Afsluitdijk. Fase 1 rapport Marktverkenning Afsluitdijk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-15

    An overview is given of sketches and ideas for an integral vision on the Afsluitdijk, Netherlands with regard to safety, sustainability and innovation. Chapter 2 sheds a light on the original idea and explains the elaborated vision. Chapter 3 contains the integral vision, discussing the development process, the design models and the elaboration of the various functions, including their synergy. Chapter 4 addresses the feasibility of the vision. Chapter 5 examines the effects and the stakeholders. Chapter 6 provides the legal and administrative frameworks and chapter 7 provides a preliminary analysis of the shaping of the public-private process. Finally, chapter 8 provides a state of the art at the end of phase 1 of the marketing research Afsluitdijk. [Dutch] Dit rapport van het consortium 'Natuurlijk Afsluitdijk' bevat schetsen en ideeen voor een integrale visie op de Afsluitdijk t.a.v. veiligheid, duurzaamheid en innovatie. Het Consortium Natuurlijk Afsluitdijk bestaat uit de volgende partijen: Wubbo Ockels B.V.; Haskoning Nederland B.V.; Cooperatieve Centrale Raiffeisen-Boerenleenbank B.A. (Rabobank); Van Oord Dredging and Marine Contractors B.V.; Koninklijke BAM Groep N.V. (BAM); Raadgevend Ingenieursbureau Lievense B.V.; Eneco Milieu B.V. Hoofdstuk 2 belicht het oorspronkelijke idee en geeft de uitgewerkte visie weer. Hoofdstuk 3 is de 'Integrale visie', waarbij zowel het ontwikkelproces, de ontwerpmodellen en de uitwerking van de verschillende functies, inclusief hun synergie worden weergegeven. In hoofdstuk 4 komt de haalbaarheid aan de orde. In hoofdstuk 5 komen de effecten en stakeholders aan de orde. In hoofdstuk 6 de wettelijke en bestuurlijke kaders en in hoofdstuk 7 wordt een eerste analyse gegeven van de vormgeving van het publiekprivate proces. Hoofdstuk 8 tenslotte geeft de stand van zaken aan het einde van fase 1 van de Marktverkenning Afsluitdijk.

  4. Greenhouse effect gases sources and sinks (CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}O) in grasslands and reduction strategies. Greenhouse effect gases prairies. Final report of the second part of the project. April 2004; Sources et puits de gaz a effet de serre (CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}O) en prairie paturee et strategies de reduction. GES-Prairies. Rapport final de la seconde tranche du projet. Avril 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soussana, J.F

    2004-04-15

    The project 'GES-Prairies' (Greenhouse Gases - Grasslands) had two main objectives: 1. To measure more accurately the fluxes of CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O of French grasslands and determine the greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of these areas. 2. To calculate the net GHG emissions of cattle production farms and finally to propose and evaluate some management scenarios leading to a reduction of GHG emissions. This project deals with three different spatial scales: the field scale, the farm scale and finally, the regional scale. At the field scale, during two years, fluxes of CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O were measured in a mid-mountain permanent grassland, previously managed intensively by cutting and grazing (Laqueuille, Auvergne, France). Results from the first complete year of measurements show that the extensification process (reduction of the stocking rate and stopping N fertilization) allows to stock more carbon in the ecosystem. At the farm scale, We developed a model (FARMSIM, coupled to PASIM) able to simulate the GHG balance of a livestock farm. FARMSIM has been tested with data obtained from a mixed livestock farm in Lorraine (dairy and meat production, annual average stocking rate = 1.3 LU ha{sup -1}) of 100 ha (including 76 ha of grasslands and 21 of annual crops). The results indicate a net emission of 175 t equivalent C-CO{sub 2} for this farm. If expressed per unit of product, it represents 1.34 t equivalent C-CO{sub 2} per LU and per year or 0.54 kg CO{sub 2} per kg of milk and per year. At the regional scale/. The PASIM model has been used to simulate the European grasslands with a spatial resolution of 1' (about 200 * 200 km). For each grid cell, a sensibility analysis allowed to determine the N application which correspond to 30% of the N application that would maximize the annual yield of the pasture. Simulation runs on mixed systems (combining grazing and cutting) show that almost one half of the grassland area is, on

  5. Engrais verts en interculture d’automne-hiver en plein champ - rapport final 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Védie, Hélène; Taulet, Annick

    2006-01-01

    La lutte contre les adventices et l’amélioration de la fertilité sont deux priorités en agriculture biologique : la culture d’engrais verts est une méthode permettant de concilier ces 2 objectifs. Les engrais verts permettent notamment d’introduire une biodiversité « interculturale » dans les rotations, de maintenir ou d’améliorer les qualités agronomiques et structurales des sols et de réduire l’enherbement. Les essais conduits par le GRAB en 2003 et 2004 ont permis de sélectionner plus...

  6. The 'Requiers' turbine; Turbine des Requiers - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willi, D.

    2009-01-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at a project for the realisation of a small hydro-power plant on the drinking water supply in the municipality of Chessel, Switzerland. The old conduit connecting the spring to the water reservoir has to be replaced, following leakage. The elevation difference of 293 m is favorable to the installation of a Pelton turbine near the reservoir. The report presents details on the hydrological data and the dimensioning of the installation. The electricity production expected is discussed, as is the economic viability of the project.

  7. Multi-fuel furnace. Demonstration project. Final rapport; Multibraendselsovn - Demonstrationsprojekt. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dall Bentzen, J.

    2012-06-15

    It has been verified that the Dall Energy Furnace have unique features: - The furnace will accept biomass fuel with moisture content in range 20% to 60% and still keep the flue gas temperature within +-10 deg. Celsius (for pre-set temperature 900 to 975 deg. Celsius); - The ash quality from the furnace is very good with no excessive sintering and without carbon in the ash; - Flue gas dust content at the furnace exit is below 50 mg/Nm3, while the content of NO{sub x} and CO is below 175 mg/Nm3 and 20 mg/Nm3, respectively. The Dall Energy biomass furnace consists of two separate stages which are combined in a single aggregate: an updraft gasification process and a gas combustion process. As the furnace is refractory lined and as the furnace can operate at low excess air it is possible to burn biomass with water content above 60%. No mechanical parts are used at temperatures above 200 deg. Celsius. This provides a very rugged system. In the gasifier section a combustible gas is produced with a low velocity at the top of the gasifier bed. This gas is combusted to a flue gas with extremely low dust content. Also, the NO{sub x} and CO content is very low. The temperature of the flue gas at the exit is kept low by injecting water spray together with the secondary air. (Author)

  8. Les dimensions spatiales du risque routier des deux-roues à moteur. Rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    HANFF,N; Fleury, D.; Peytavin, Jf; GODILLON,S; CLABAUX,N; SAINT-GERAND,T; MEDJKANE,M; BENSAID,K; PROPECK,E; MILLOT, M

    2011-01-01

    Cette recherche repose sur le dépouillement et l‟analyse d‟un corpus de PV d‟accident de la circulation routière ayant eu lieu dans le département du Nord de février 2003 à décembre 2008 et dont les 2001 impliqués à DRM (conducteurs et passagers) sont des habitants de LMCU. Les informations, codées manuellement, sont absentes du fichier BAAC (Bulletin d‟Analyse des Accidents Corporels). Elles portent sur les caractéristiques socio-économiques des impliqués, les blessur...

  9. Evaluation du programme cantonal de soins palliatifs dans le canton de Vaud : rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Cornaz Sarah; Chabloz Valérie; Spagnoli Jacques; Botrugno Fabiana; Santos-Eggimann Brigitte

    2012-01-01

    Il ressort que de l'avis largement majoritaire de tous les acteurs, institutions comme médecins privés, les soins palliatifs se sont améliorés dans le canton au cours des dix dernières années. Ce bilan positif est également confirmé par la comparaison des données qui avaient été recueillies en 2000 lors de la phase d'organisation des soins palliatifs dans le canton de Vaud. Trois éléments-clé sont évoqués comme cause de cette amélioration: les équipes mobiles en soins palliatifs (EMSP), les p...

  10. Final report of the project. Emission of nitrogen oxides by the soils. Measures, modelization, land registry and inventory. Impact on the air quality, the climatic change and the evaluation of possibilities of these emissions reduction; Rapport final du projet. Emissions d'oxydes d'azote par les sols. Mesures, modelisation, cadastre et inventaire. Impact sur la qualite de l'air, le changement climatique, et evaluation des gisements de reduction de ces emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serca, D.; Cortinovis, J. [LA Laboratoire d' Aerologie UMR 5560, 31 - Toulouse (France); Laville, P.; Gabrielle, B. [Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques (INRA), Environnement et Grandes Cultures, 78 - Thiverval-Grignon (France); Beekmann, M.; Ravetta, F. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, SA Service d' Aeronomie, 75 - Paris (France); Henault, C. [Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques (INRA-LMS) UMR Microbiologie des Sols-Geosol, 21 - Dijon (France)

    2007-07-01

    This project deals with NOx biosphere-atmosphere exchanges, NOx being considered as an indirect greenhouse gases (tropospheric O{sub 3} precursor). It relies on four laboratory specialized both on the soil-plant-atmosphere interface, and on the atmospheric chemistry. Methodology used bear on a set of in situ and laboratory measurements aiming at improving existing emission parameterization, or building new ones for the agro-ecosystems encountered in France or Europe. In situ measurements allowed to study the emission phenology in relation with relevant environmental parameters (meteorological, soil characteristics, and agricultural). Laboratory measurements allowed to establish an emission algorithm related to the three main parameters, that is, soil temperature, water and ammonia content. This algorithm has been adapted and simplified to spatialize the emissions at the France level. This spatialization was performed using environmental parameters accessible through data base (ECMWF) or agricultural statistics (such as nitrogen inputs, land use, crops). Spatial and temporal extrapolation allowed reaching the main objective, that is, to build a national inventory for a reference year (2002). This inventory allowed determining the contribution of NOx emitted by soil as compared to total emitted NOx, and the proportion of NOx emitted by soil due to fertilizer use. Our study, based on 57% of the French used agricultural area, and extrapolated to the whole arable surface, shows that soils would be responsible of about 5% of the total NOx emissions. On these 5%, 20%, which finally is a rather low percentage, would be linked to fertilizer use. The impact of these emissions on the atmospheric chemistry has been evaluated using the CHIMERE chemistry-transport model. We found that NOx emissions from soil would be of minor importance when compared to the industrial emissions, being a factor of ten lower in France. As a matter of consequence, the impact of the emissions on the

  11. Estimation des propriétés de rétention en eau des sols à l'aide de fonctions de pédotransfert (FPT) : une analyse bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Bastet, G.; Bruand, Ary; Quétin, P.; Cousin, Isabelle

    1998-01-01

    L'étude des flux d'eau et de solutés dans les sols à l'échelle d'unité de paysage se heurte à de nombreuses difficultés dont celles relatives à une connaissance insuffisante des propriétés de rétention en eau des sols. Des outils d'estimation de ces propriétés ont par conséquent été développés. Cette analyse bibliographique présente les études ayant porté sur l'estimation des propriétés de rétention en eau à l'aide de fonction de pédotransfert (FPT). Celles-ci ont la forme de relations mathém...

  12. Security report on Siloe - the descriptive part. (1963); Rapport de surete de Siloe - partie descriptive (1963)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ageron, P.; Chatoux, J.; Denielou, G.; Jacquemain, M.; Mitault, G.; Robien, E. de; Rossillon, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1963-07-01

    This report is a full description of the site, the reactor, the building and the experimental facilities. It gives the nuclear, thermodynamic and hydrodynamic characteristics of the core. (authors) [French] Ce rapport decrit completement le site, le reacteur, les batiments et les installations experimentales. Il donne les caracteristiques nucleaires, thermodynamiques et hydrodynamiques du coeur. (auteurs)

  13. Wat blijft en wat verandert in het onderwijs (naar aanleiding van het rapport-Dijsselbloem)

    OpenAIRE

    Thoomes, D.T.

    2008-01-01

    Wie de discussies naar aanleiding van het rapport-Dijsselbloem volgt, kan de indruk krijgen dat alle onderwijsvernieuwingen uit de afgelopen jaren fout zijn geweest en dat het onderwijs vóór die tijd veel beter was en dat het daarom het beste is om maar weer terug te keren naar de didactiek van vroeger.

  14. RAPPORT-BUILDING THROUGH CALL IN TEACHING CHINESE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenying Jiang

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Technological advances have brought about the ever-increasing utilisation of computer-assisted language learning (CALL media in the learning of a second language (L2. Computer-mediated communication, for example, provides a practical means for extending the learning of spoken language, a challenging process in tonal languages such as Chinese, beyond the realms of the classroom. In order to effectively improve spoken language competency, however, CALL applications must also reproduce the social interaction that lies at the heart of language learning and language use. This study draws on data obtained from the utilisation of CALL in the learning of L2 Chinese to explore whether this medium can be used to extend opportunities for rapport-building in language teaching beyond the face-to-face interaction of the classroom. Rapport's importance lies in its potential to enhance learning, motivate learners, and reduce learner anxiety. To date, CALL's potential in relation to this facet of social interaction remains a neglected area of research. The results of this exploratory study suggest that CALL may help foster learner-teacher rapport and that scaffolding, such as strategically composing rapport-fostering questions in sound-files, is conducive to this outcome. The study provides an instruction model for this application of CALL.

  15. How to Establish Good Teacher-Pupil Rapport in the Classroom?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晶

    2015-01-01

    for the past few decades, the way to achieve good teacher-pupil rapport in the classroom has been at the center of heated debate all over the world. All teachers should provide a good studying environment for pupils. This paper will focus on four parts to discuss this issue.

  16. Preservice Music Teachers' and Therapists' Nonverbal Behaviors and Their Relationship to Perceived Rapport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, Alice-Ann; Johnson, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the two studies reported in the article was to determine whether or not a relationship exists between preservice music therapists' and teachers' nonverbal behaviors and their perceived rapport. In study 1, evaluators (N = 56) viewed a stimulus tape consisting of 15 45-second segments of 15 preservice music therapists leading songs…

  17. Saving Face: Managing Rapport in a Problem-Based Learning Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Leslie; Harris, Ann; Burton, Rob

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study investigated the complex social aspects of communication required for students to participate effectively in Problem-Based Learning and explored how these dynamics are managed. The longitudinal study of a group of first-year undergraduates examined interactions using Rapport Management as a framework to analyse communication…

  18. Reconsidering Rapport with Urban Teachers: Negotiating Shifting Boundaries and Legitimizing Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinke, Carol R.; Mawhinney, Lynnette

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses Lincoln's [2010. "'What a long, strange trip it's been …': Twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research." "Qualitative Inquiry" 16, no. 1: 3-9] call for greater attention to the question of rapport in qualitative research through a reflexive examination of…

  19. Sociographie d’un rapport au temps comme fondement de la culture professionnelle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abou Ndiaye

    2007-12-01

    motivations, a worker can work freely and voluntary in agreement with his own principles and values... We name that « the culture to time » or « the attitude towards time » (le rapport au temps. The individual time using and its remuneration are the main transaction objects in the wage world, that's why we say that « the culture to time » is the professional culture fondation. This one corresponds in a set of prescriptions or banning, manners to behave, to act recovering from a common professional sense, shared by professional group members. This professional culture mixes, contains and transcends the specific company cultures. For example, whatever is the employer, each agents of animation finds « normal » to work in a chopped and brief time, moved by the dominant social temporality, when somewhere else, this situation would have been considered unacceptable or refused... Finally, these workers (sociocultural officers expect that their work gives them pleasure and respects their personal life, what is not necessarily true at the common employee's.La « Sociografía » de la temporalidad como fundamento de la tradición profesionalEl caso de los trabajadores socio culturalesFirmar un contrato de trabajo implica alquilar a una empresa, a cambio de una retribución, una parte del tiempo individual. Esta transacción está codificada, por la ley, por los acuerdos del ramo de producción y por las reglas salariales de la empresa. Pero bajo ciertas condiciones y bajo ciertas razones consideradas como mas o menos personales, un trabajador puede acordar la cesión «gratuita», a veces exorbitante con respecto a la reglamentación, de una parte de su tiempo y todo esto en acuerdo con sus principios y valores personales    Es lo que llamamos la relación a la temporalidad. Si la temporalidad individual y su retribución constituyen los principales objetos de la transacción laboral, podemos concebir que la relación al tiempo es el elemento estructurante de una

  20. Impact du séchage sur la viabilité de Pseudomonas fluorescens (synthèse bibliographique)

    OpenAIRE

    Mputu Kanyinda, Jean-Noël

    2014-01-01

    The drying Pseudomonas fluorescens makes more economical storage, transportation and marketing. It aims to stop and to stabilize all biological activities for an optimal storage, compatible with the conservation of maximum viability of microorganisms desired. The viability of bacteria after drying depends on the operating conditions of the latter. One of the most important criteria to consider during the drying of biologically active products is the quality of the final dried product. Freeze...

  1. C.A.R.O.L. project - Camargue Rhone Languedoc final report; Projet Carol - Camargue Rhone Languedoc rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This report had for objective to study the dispersion of artificial radionuclides in the low Rhone valley, then to identify and to quantify the principal flux or transfers that have lead to this distribution. Atmospheric nuclear tests fallout, Chernobylsk fallout nuclear facilities in the Rhone valley are such possible sources of radionuclides in this area. The study of the origin of the cesium 137 present in soils has lead to quantify the relationship between the deposits consecutive to Chernobylsk accident and the rains of the first week of may 1986. This study has been the first step to the elaboration of a mapping of cesium 137 deposit, in the east of France in a first time then all over the France. it is the superimposition of this map with this one of atmospheric nuclear tests fallout that allows today to answer to the question of cesium 137 activity in some French areas. An other application has been the answer relative to the nuclear fallout of Chernobylsk in Corsica.. Equally, this study has allowed to answer to the questions about the quality of wine in the Rhone valley and the situation of plutonium in the flooded region of Camargue. (N.C.)

  2. Project GICC-Rhone Final report of part I; Projet GICC-Rhone Rapport final de tranche I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-12-15

    The project aims to give an evaluation of the impacts on the french Rhone basin, of the climatic change resulting of a double of the CO{sub 2} content in the atmosphere (possible in 2050). This report gives an evaluation of the researches progress. It describes the topic of the part I, the hydrological simulations realized and the analysis of the hydrological impacts. It provides also recommendations for the part II. The following topics are presented: the objectives of the project; the data and the atmospheric scenari construction methods on the Rhone basin under the climatic change; the used hydrological models; the results analysis in terms of hydrogeological impacts; the limits of the approach; and a bibliography. (A.L.B.)

  3. Study of hazardous scenario in service stations. Final report; Etude de scenarios dangereux en stations-service. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-10-01

    The industrial environment group is working at the elaboration of prescriptions applicable to classed installations submitted to declaration (heading 1434: fill in and distribution of inflammable liquids). In this context the group asked the INERIS to realize a list of possible accidents scenario, to quantify the consequences in terms of safety distances, to identify the most pertinent scenario and to examine the particular cases which allow to reduce the safety distances especially the implementing of a fire break wall of two hours. (A.L.B.)

  4. Activity report 2000; Rapport d'activite 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This report is divided in four parts; the first concerns the areas covered by the directives 96/29 and 97/43; the second part is relative to the protection of exposed workers; the third part is devoted to the radiation protection of the population and the fourth and final part gives the expertise means and the scientific investment. (N.C.)

  5. Reflecting on the PRET A Rapporter Framework Via a Field Study of Adolescents? Perceptions of Technology and Exercise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen M Edwards

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available PRET A Rapporter (PRETAR was developed to explicitly structure user-centered evaluation studies to ensure all necessary elements are individually and independently considered. Its creators see its benefit as twofold: for study design and in retrospective evaluations. We evaluate PRETAR’s potential by applying it retrospectively to one of our eHealth field studies in which we investigated the design requirements for mobile technologies that would support and motivate adolescents to exercise opportunistically. We also use PRETAR to evaluate the key literature for this eHealth study. This shows that typically the research methodology is under-reported. Then we document the study in terms of its purpose, resources, ethical concerns, data collection and analysis techniques, and manner of reporting the study. Finally, our reflection on the use of PRETAR leads us to propose that four different modes of the framework should be applied during the course of a study, that is, when reviewing, planning, conducting, and discussing.

  6. Le rapport Sicard: une étape au milieu du gué

    OpenAIRE

    Jacquemin, Dominique; Mallet, Donatien

    2013-01-01

    Le rapport Sicard de décembre 2012, outre la reprise d'une insuffisance prise en charge de la fin de vie et du développement des soins palliatifs, ouvre à une "solution à la fran,çaise" de gestion de la fin de vie. Suicide assisté et sédation terminale se trouvent questionnés par les auteurs.

  7. Om SIDAs rapport: "Towards an urban world - urbanization and development assistance"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen

    1996-01-01

    Byerne i ulandene har et dårligt ry. De er centre for prostitution, kriminalitet og arbejdsløshed. Befolkningerne lever i armod i elendige endeløse slumområder uden udsigt til forbedrede levevilkår. Byernes infrastruktur er mangelfuld, nedslidt og fungere stort set kun i de nedarvede koloniale de...... udkommet rapport: Towards an Urban World af den svenske bistandsorganisation Sida.   Udgivelsesdato: 1996...

  8. Høringssvar over rapport om revision af kørelæreruddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Mette

    2013-01-01

    Et udvalg nedsat under Justitsministeriet har afgivet rapport, hvori det foreslås, at der stilles skærpede krav for at opnå godkendelse som kørelærer samt stilles krav om obligatorisk efteruddannelse. Rapporten sendes nu i høring med henblik på at kunne danne grundlag for fremsættelse af et...

  9. Plutonium in the environment - bibliographic study and quantification; Impacts environnemental et sanitaire des isotopes du plutonium, etude bibliographique et quantification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guetat, Ph.; Monfort, M.; Ansoborlo, E. [CEA Marcoule, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire, 30 (France); Bion, L.; Moulin, V.; Reiller, P.; Vercouter, Th. [CEA Saclay, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France); Boucher, L.; Jourdain, F.; Van Dorpe, F. [CEA Cadarache, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire, 13 - Saint Paul lez Durance (France); Comte, A.; Flury Heard, A.; Fritsch, P.; Menetrier, F. [CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, Dir. des Sciences du Vivant, 92 (France)

    2008-07-01

    This document deals with the different isotopes of plutonium. It intends to summarize the main features of plutonium behaviour from sources inside installation to the environment and man, and is expected to report the current knowledge about the different parameters used in the models for environmental and radiological impact assessment. The objective is to gather scientific information useful for deciders in case of accident or for regulation purposes. It gives main information on radiological and chemical characteristics which are necessary to understand transfers between compartments. Then it reports information on normal and accidental historical sources and present releases. The next part deals with transfer parameters in the installations and in environment. Parameters that influence its behaviour are examined, inside installations (physico-chemical forms and events that lead to releases), and outside in the environment for deposition to soils and transfer to plants, and animal products. A full chapter is dedicated to presentation of typical assessments, for each isotope and for mixture, and correspondence between activity, mass and dose reference levels are presented and discussed. Transfer and behaviour in man and effects on health are finally presented. (author)

  10. Impact du séchage sur la viabilité de Pseudomonas fluorescens (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mputu Kanyinda, JN.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Impact of drying on Pseudomonas fluorescens viability. A review. Drying Pseudomonas fluorescens makes for more economical storage, transportation and marketing. The aim of the drying process is to stop and to stabilize all biological activity for optimal storage, compatible with the conservation of the maximum desired viability of the microorganisms. However, the viability rate of the bacteria after drying depends on the operating conditions of the drying process. One of the most important criteria to consider during the drying of biologically active products is the quality of the final dried product. Freeze-drying is the drying method most commonly used for Pseudomonas fluorescens. After their production, the bacteria are harvested by centrifugation and are freeze-dried, but the changes in temperature induced by freeze-drying are not without consequence for the cells. The freeze-drying process induces cell damage: peroxidation of fatty acids and proteins and DNA oxidation. However, use of protective compounds during freeze-drying and during storage increases significantly the rate of cell viability.

  11. Merging of gamma radiographic and ultrasonic inspection data: bibliographical survey; Fusion de donneees en controles gammmagraphique et ultrsonore: etude bibliographique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gautier, S. [Departement SDM, Service EP, Direction des Etudes et Recherches, Electricite de France (EDF), 92 - Clamart (France)

    1995-12-31

    This paper presents a number of experimental data processing notions with the aim of developing an NDT method based on merging ultrasonic and gamma radiographic data. We first review the industrial context concerned and, before moving on to specific data merging problems, we discuss the difficulties of reconstruction using only one type of data (radiographic or ultrasonic). The main part of the report begins with a brief reminder of gamma radiation and ultrasonic wave propagation principles. Certain imaging and reconstruction methods conventionally used for each type of measurement are also presented. Reconstruction problems are then directly approached in algebraic form. For the type of problem studied, the inspection data alone cannot lead to satisfactory reconstructions and we evidence the need to regulate the problem by introducing deductive information on the object to be reconstructed. The Bayes` approach provides a self-consistent means of integrating both the data information and the deductive information. It is based on probabilistic models of the variables involved, notably those of the object sought. We discuss at some length certain models of images used in gamma radiography (independent variable fields, variables having a Markov-type structure) and the Bernoulli-Gauss-type models used for ultrasonic trace deconvolution. Finally, we outline data merging paths. A formal Bayes` framework is used to present two merging approaches, after which we briefly describe our projects for the processing of already available experimental data. (author) 25 refs.

  12. L'intérêt de la spectroscopie proche infrarouge en analyse de terre (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genot, V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy in soil analysis. A review. This paper presents a literature review on the development of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for soil analysis and the contribution of this technique to the evaluation of soil fertility analysis. This technique is used to estimate the chemical composition of soil samples on the basis of their absorption properties. It is therefore an indirect method of measurement, which requires a calibration phase for the prediction of these properties. NIR spectroscopy offers many advantages compared to reference analysis: it is known to be a physical, non-destructive, rapid, reproducible and low cost method. Often employed in other analytical domains, such as agro-food, NIR spectroscopy has, however, seldom been used in soil characterization, due to the complexity of the soil matrix. Thanks to the development of chemometric methods, numerous studies have recently been conducted to evaluate the feasibility of the application of the technique in soil analysis. Most authors conclude that NIR spectroscopy is promising; however, to date, use of the technique has not spread to routine laboratories. The paper is organized as follows. Firstly, we provide an overview of the NIR spectroscopy technique and related chemometric methods. Secondly, we describe the soil characteristics that can be predicted using this technique. Finally, we detail examples of results that have been obtained through the use of the technique, mainly in the determination of clay and organic carbon content, and of cation exchange capacity.

  13. FRAMATOME, Annual Report, 1998; FRAMATOME, Rapport Annuel, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vignon, Dominique [FRAMATOME, Tour Framatome - 92084 Paris, La Defense Cedex (France)] [and others

    1999-07-01

    Framatome conducts its activity in two large domains: - in the power field it is a world leader for nuclear power plant constructions and the related activities; - in the telecommunication field where it is at present number two world leader. Framatome is number one world leader in the technology of pressurized water reactors, is developing advanced nuclear fuels of type AFA 3G and Alliance and is running nuclear service activities specialized in non-destructive testing. In the field of telecommunication Framatome will acquire, following acquisition in 1998 of Berg Electronics, a leading position in America, Europe and Asian-Pacific zones. The report presents the activities of the group, highlights the significant events of 1998 and gives key figures of the activity in 1998. In the field of power there are presented the nuclear power and nuclear fuels development, the nuclear services, the mechanical structure and boilers and associated industrial equipment. In the field of telecommunication the report presents relevant facts in communications, computer science, aviation, space and defence industries, power transmission and equipment, and automobile industries. Finally, the report presents the financial account on 1998.

  14. Report of Activity 1997; Rapport d`activite 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menjon, Gerard [ed.] [Direction des Etudes et Recherches, Electricite de France, 1 Avenue de General de Gaulle, F-92141 Clamart cedex (France)

    1998-04-01

    The document is a report of activity of the Direction of Studies and Research of the France`s Electricity Authority (Electricite de France) on 1997. It contains the following six main sections: 1. development; 2. environment; 3. development and managing of production-transport system; 4. production; 5. international relations; 6. future developments. The second section deals with the air and water quality, reduction of energy network impact on environment and the case of renewable energies. The following section is devoted to the research and development problems raised by the management of production-transport system. The section number four reports about the experience obtained in the operation of N4 stage, particularly, in the conception of REP 2000. Also mentioned are progress in the field of virtual reality used in professional formation, robot intervention in case of leaks in reactor vessel, multi-recycling of plutonium in PWR, etc. The fifth section reports about the international collaboration in the field of superconductivity, superconductor cables, combined cycles with integrated gasification of carbon and biomass and energy programs in Morocco and China. Finally, it is mentioned the launching of the Galaxie-server in charge with the documentation management of EDF 66 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Scientific and Technical Report, 1997; Rapport scientifique et technique, 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metivier, Henri; Mur, Emmanuelle [eds.] [Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, CEA Centre d' Etudes de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France)

    1998-07-01

    This report highlights the most significant scientific and technical achievements of the Institute of Nuclear Protection and Safety in 1997. In all 23 reports are grouped in the following 7 sections: 1.Reactor safety; 2.Safety of nuclear facility; 3.Safeguards for radioactive materials and transports; 4.Public protection; 5.Environment protection; 6.Radioactive waste safety; 7.Crisis management. Special attention is paid to the pressurized water and fast neutron reactors and, accordingly, the program PHEBUS PF and the first results obtained with it concerning nuclear safety are reported. The safety of nuclear fuel cycle and spent fuel storage is addressed in a couple of reports, as well as the problem of inspection, measurement and containers for nuclear materials. Concerning the public and environment protection, studies are reported on medical surveillance of people working with CEA Group, and clinical dosimetric follow-up of radiological events as well as the strategy of contaminated site rehabilitation. In the field of radioactive waste management, the IPSN project of Tournemire tunnel and the project of deep disposal are presented. Finally, the issue of major nuclear accidents is approached through the exercise Becquerel, the SESAME system of predicting the radioactive products release in PWR reactors and ASTRAL, the evaluation system of aftermath of an accidental environmental contamination by radioactive release. Each section of this IPSN report is opened by a review paper.

  16. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Gouvernance – Governance AL AJEELI A., AL-BASTAKI Y. A. L. (2011, Handbook of research on e-services in the public sector: e-government strategies and advancements. Hershey, PA : Information Science Reference, 523 p. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011, Electronic governance and cross-boundary collaboration : innovations and advancing tools. Hershey, PA : IGI Global, 421 p. CROPF R. A., KRUMMENACHER W. S. (2011, Information Communication Technologies and the virtual public sphere: impacts of netwo...

  17. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Développement durable – Sustainable development APAK S., ATAY E. (2015, “Global Competitiveness in the EU through Green Innovation Technologies and Knowledge Production”, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 181, pp. 207-217. BORSDORF A., BENDER O., BRAUN F., HALLER A. (2015, Web-based instruments for strengthening sustainable regional development in the Alps, Geografski Zbornik / Acta Geographica Slovenica, vol. 55, N° 1, pp. 174-182. SIRSIKAR S.V., KAREMORE P. (2015, Design an...

  18. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Commerce électronique - E-commerce AYDIN, E., SAVRUL, B. K. (2014, "The Relationship between Globalization and E-commerce: Turkish Case", Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 150, pp. 1267-1276. BASTARD, I., BOURREAU, M., MOREAU, F. (2014, "L’impact du piratage sur l’achat et le téléchargement légal: Une comparaison de quatre filières culturelles", Revue économique, vol. 65, n°3, pp. 573-599. FEIZOLLAHI, S., SHIRMOHAMMADI, A., KAHREH, Z. S., et al. (2014, "Investigation the Effe...

  19. L’actualité bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    A – INSTRUMENTS DE TRAVAIL ET DE RECHERCHE, TRAVAUX STATISTIQUES (Pas d'actualité.) B – TRAVAUX CENTRÉS SUR LES ASPECTS THÉORIQUES ET GÉNÉRAUX DE LA RÉÉDUCATION, DU TRAVAIL SOCIAL ET DE LA JUSTICE DES MINEURS Audéoud (Catherine), « La conception de la famille à travers le droit pénal des mineurs au xixe siècle », Droit et cultures [En ligne], 66 | 2013-2, mis en ligne le 14 janvier 2014. URL : [http://droitcultures.revues.org/3232]. Bouquet (Brigitte), « Le réseau d’histoire du travail social...

  20. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Commerce électronique - E-commerce BURKHALTER J. N., WOOD N. T., (Eds. (2015, Maximizing Commerce and Marketing Strategies through Micro-Blogging, Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global. 354 p. ISBN: 978-1-4666-8408-9 KHOSROW-POUR M. (Ed. (2015, Strategic E-Commerce Systems and Tools for Competing in the Digital Marketplace, Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global, 263 p. ISBN: 978-1-4666-8133-0 LTIFI M., GHARBI J. (2015, « Impact de la qualité perçue du site web marchand sur le bonheur du cyberconsommateur ...

  1. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Gouvernance – Governance AYANSO A., CHATTERJEE D., CHO D. I. (2011, “E-Government readiness index: A methodology and analysis”, Government Information Quarterly, vol. 28, n° 4, pp. 522-532. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011, Electronic Governance and Cross-Boundary Collaboration: Innovations and Advancing Tools, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 422 p. ISBN: 9781609607548 CONCHA G., ASTUDILLO H., PORRÚA M. (et al. (2011, “E-Government procurement observatory, maturity model and early measurements”, Gove...

  2. Repérages bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    Mommolin, Sabrina

    2015-01-01

    Commerce électronique - E-commerce AYDIN, E., SAVRUL, B. K. (2014), "The Relationship between Globalization and E-commerce: Turkish Case", Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 150, pp. 1267-1276. BASTARD, I., BOURREAU, M., MOREAU, F. (2014), "L’impact du piratage sur l’achat et le téléchargement légal: Une comparaison de quatre filières culturelles", Revue économique, vol. 65, n°3, pp. 573-599. FEIZOLLAHI, S., SHIRMOHAMMADI, A., KAHREH, Z. S., et al. (2014), "Investigation the Effe...

  3. Repérages bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    Mommolin, Sabrina

    2015-01-01

    Commerce électronique - E-commerce BURKHALTER J. N., WOOD N. T., (Eds.) (2015), Maximizing Commerce and Marketing Strategies through Micro-Blogging, Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global. 354 p. ISBN: 978-1-4666-8408-9 KHOSROW-POUR M. (Ed.) (2015), Strategic E-Commerce Systems and Tools for Competing in the Digital Marketplace, Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global, 263 p. ISBN: 978-1-4666-8133-0 LTIFI M., GHARBI J. (2015), « Impact de la qualité perçue du site web marchand sur le bonheur du cyberconsommateur ...

  4. L’agro-écologie peut-elle se passer des normes ? Commentaire à partir du rapport INRA/CGSP

    OpenAIRE

    Le Goffe, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    En s’appuyant sur le rapport INRA/CGSP, l’article interroge la complémentarité entre performances économiques et environnementales en agriculture conventionnelle, dans l’objectif de savoir si un développement volontaire de l’agro-écologie est envisageable ou pas. L’analyse du rapport montre que les performances économiques et environnementales sont antagonistes pour un premier groupe de pratiques agricoles à effet environnemental fort. La « double performance » est affirmée dan...

  5. Revisorns granskning och rapportering av intern kontroll : Inom ramen för Svensk kod för bolagsstyrning

    OpenAIRE

    Samppala, Terese; Danska, Linda

    2006-01-01

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur den externa revisorn önskar att styrelsens rapport angående den interna kontrollen ska granskas, samt hur denna granskning ska rapporteras. Målet är att utveckla ett förslag med egna modeller för hur den externa revisorns granskning och rapportering kan utformas inom ramen för Svensk kod för bolagsstyrning. Uppsatsens huvudfråga är: Hur vill de externa revisorerna, i rollen som utförare av tjänsten, att granskningen och rapporteringen angående sty...

  6. Renewable Energy Report. Information dossier for the debate; Rapport Hernieuwbare Energie. Informatiedossier voor het debat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bollen, A.; Van Humbeeck, P.; Lamote, A.

    2011-04-15

    The SERV is a convinced advocate of an ambitious renewable energy policy. From the viewpoint of sustainable development, such policy requires working on a substantial increase of environment-friendly energy generation, optimal deployment of economic growth opportunities and new job opportunities and an equitable distribution of costs and benefits. With this report, the SERV aims to provide valuable building blocks for the planned discussion on renewable energy policy that is to be implemented in Flanders. This report aims to feed the debate and stimulate and arouse reflection and action. [Dutch] De SERV is overtuigd voorstander van een ambitieus hernieuwbare energiebeleid. Vanuit het oogpunt van duurzame ontwikkeling vergt zo'n beleid dat tegelijk wordt gewerkt aan een substantiele verhoging van de milieuvriendelijke energieopwekking, een optimale benutting van economische groeikansen en nieuwe jobopportuniteiten en een rechtvaardige verdeling van de kosten en baten. De SERV wil met dit rapport bouwstenen aanreiken voor de geplande discussie over het te voeren hernieuwbare energiebeleid in Vlaanderen. Het rapport wil het debat voeden en stimuleren, en aanzetten tot reflectie en actie.

  7. Rensningsgruppens rapport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harremoës, Poul

    1971-01-01

    Der findes i dag afprøvede metoder til rensning af vand til enhver ønskelig renhed; men stigende renhed opnås kun med progressivt stigende omkostninger. Der findes derimoed ikke metoder til fjernelse af giftstoffer fra det ved rensningen producerede slam, hvorfor disse stoffer må fjernes ved kilden....

  8. Les possibilités de recherches bibliographiques en conversationnel de l'information scientifique et technique Possibilities of on-Line Bibliographic Searching for Scientific and Technical Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moureau M.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'interrogation des principaux fichiers bibliographiques répertoriant l'information scientifique et technique en conversationnel met journellement des millions de références à la portée du chercheur et de l'ingénieur qu'il soit géologue, foreur, raffineur ou utilisateur, qu'il travaille sur les sources d'énergie traditionnelles ou sur les sources d'énergie nouvelles. Ce nouveau mode d'exploitation est analysé sous l'angle de l'accessibilité qu'il apporte, à la fois accessibilité a physique » et accessibilité a intellectuelle », à la recherche de références. L'expérience du Centre de Documentation de l'Institut Français du Pétrole et les principales bases de références qu'il exploite servent d'exemple à cette analyse. The on-line searching of the leading bibliographic files containing scientific and technical information places millions of references within the everyday grasp of scientists and engineers, whether they are geologists, drillers, refiners or users, or whether they are working on traditional energy sources or new energy sources. This new operational method is analyzed from the standpoint of the accessibility it provides in searching for references - both « physical » and a intellectual » accessibility. The experience gained by the Institut Français du Pétrole Documentation Center and the main databases it uses serve as the background for this analysis.

  9. Linking: Today's Libraries, Tomorrow's Technologies. Report of the Bibliographic and Communications Network Pilot Project. Canadian Network Papers Number 7 = Le Lien entre les Bibliotheques d'Aujourd'hui et les Technologies de Demain. Rapport du Projet Pilote du Reseau de Services Bibliographiques et de Communications. Documents sur les Reseaux Canadiens Numero 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Library of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

    A pilot project was conducted from May 1980 to November 1983 to test the application of iNet--a decentralized, packet-switched telecommunications network--to bibliographic data interchange in Canada. The principal components of the project were participation of the Bibliographic Common Interest Group (BCIP), a group of libraries with stand-alone,…

  10. RAPPORT: running scientific high-performance computing applications on the cloud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Jeremy; Filippis, Ioannis; Woodbridge, Mark; Bauer, Daniela; Hong, Neil Chue; Jackson, Mike; Butcher, Sarah; Colling, David; Darlington, John; Fuchs, Brian; Harvey, Matt

    2013-01-28

    Cloud computing infrastructure is now widely used in many domains, but one area where there has been more limited adoption is research computing, in particular for running scientific high-performance computing (HPC) software. The Robust Application Porting for HPC in the Cloud (RAPPORT) project took advantage of existing links between computing researchers and application scientists in the fields of bioinformatics, high-energy physics (HEP) and digital humanities, to investigate running a set of scientific HPC applications from these domains on cloud infrastructure. In this paper, we focus on the bioinformatics and HEP domains, describing the applications and target cloud platforms. We conclude that, while there are many factors that need consideration, there is no fundamental impediment to the use of cloud infrastructure for running many types of HPC applications and, in some cases, there is potential for researchers to benefit significantly from the flexibility offered by cloud platforms.

  11. Du rapport au dire: sexe, amour et discours d'expertise au Caire

    OpenAIRE

    Kreil, Aymon; Décobert, Christian; Ghasarian, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Cette thèse s’attache à comprendre les attentes façonnant les perceptions de la vie de couple en Égypte et des normes la régissant. Le rapport à la parole sur l’amour et le sexe offre le fil rouge de cette recherche. L’étude du champ de la psychologie et de la sexologie dans le pays révèle en effet une rhétorique du bris de silence omniprésente, renvoyant à la quête d’un monopole sur le discours légitime sur la sexualité. Or, des répertoires discursifs concurrents à cette expertise sont prése...

  12. Eating Animals to Build Rapport: Conducting Research as Vegans or Vegetarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katie MacDonald

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Notions of hospitality, community, and the fostering of rapport and connection are foundational concerns for conducting research across difference. Drawing on methodological literature, this paper considers how access to various communities and “good” data is structured by the notion that in order to develop rapport researchers accept the “food”, specifically “meat” offered by their hosts. When researchers are vegetarians or vegans, this can entail a conflict in which questions of hospitality, relationships, and responsibility to ethical commitments come to the fore. As such, we analyze methodological literature in which the logic of nonhuman animal sacrifice is considered a means to the ends of research through the development of “rapport”—often coded as an ethical relationship of respect to the participant. We draw on experiences of veg*n researchers to explore how this assumption functions to position the consumption of meat as a necessary undertaking when conducting research, and in turn, denies nonhuman animal subjecthood. We interrogate the assumption that culture and communities are static inasmuch as this literature suggests ways to enter and exit spaces leaving minimal impact, and that posits participants will not trust researchers nor understand their decisions against eating nonhuman animals. We argue that because food consumption is figured as a private and individual choice, animals are not considered subjects in research. Thus, we articulate a means to consider vegan and/or vegetarians politics, not as a marker of difference, but as an attempt to engage in ethical relationships with nonhuman animals. In so doing, we call for the inclusion of nonhuman animals in relationships of hospitality, and thereby attempt to politicize the practice of food consumption while conducting research.

  13. Complément au rapport final de synthèse du projet 4M-µpompe 2004

    OpenAIRE

    Raucent, Benoit; Dereine, E.; Smal, Olivier; Debongnie, Jean-François; Merken, Patrick; Delchambre, Alain; Croquet, Vincent

    2004-01-01

    Le projet 4M-µpompe vise le passage du domaine de la mécanique traditionnelle à celui de la micromécanique et ce à travers deux objectifs. Le premier consiste à dégager un ensemble de règles qui soient applicables à la miniaturisation des macromachines de façon à répondre aux exigences et spécificités qu'il est nécessaire de retrouver dans une micromachine. Le second consiste à développer cet aspect fondamental de la recherche par la conception et la réalisation d'une micro-pompe implantable ...

  14. Rapport final de synthèse du projet 4M-µPompe (2001-2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Raucent, Benoit; Dereine, E.; Smal, Olivier; Debongnie, Jean-François; Merken, Patrick; Delchambre, Alain; Croquet, Vincent

    2004-01-01

    Le projet 4M-µpompe vise le passage du domaine de la mécanique traditionnelle à celui de la micromécanique et ce à travers deux objectifs. Le premier consiste à dégager un ensemble de règles qui soient applicables à la miniaturisation des macromachines de façon à répondre aux exigences et spécificités qu'il est nécessaire de retrouver dans une micromachine. Le second consiste à développer cet aspect fondamental de la recherche par la conception et la réalisation d'une micro-pompe implantable ...

  15. Etude de la nutrition de l'huître perlière Pinctada margaritifera : rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Jonquières, G.; Amouroux, J. M.; Bennett, A.; BLANCHOT, Jean; Bougrier, S.; Buestel, D.; Caisey, X.; Delesalle, B.; Dormoy, J.M.; Dufour, Philippe; Geairon, P.; Hautefeuille, F.; Loret, P; Pagès, Jean; Pellan, A.

    1995-01-01

    L'inventaire du contenu du tube digestif de l'huître perlière #Pinctada margaritifera$ montre qu'elle ingère des particules de toute nature, de taille comprise entre 2 et 180 †m de longueu.; L'optimum se situe entre 5 et 40 †m. Les microalgues se trouvent en abondance dans le tractus digestif avec une dominance des dinoflagellés à Takapoto. L'huître perlière se nourrit donc essentiellement de microalgues, de particules zooplanctoniques et de détritus divers. (Résumé d'auteur)

  16. Rapport final sur le projet Construction des Connaissances Langagières, Diversité des Usages, Contextes Sociolinguistiques

    OpenAIRE

    Chevrot, Jean-Pierre

    2011-01-01

    The daily use of language leads us to distinguish between different "accents" or "registers" in our interlocutor's speech (familiar speech, young speech, etc.). Through the notion of variation, variationist sociolinguistics has conferred scientific status to the internal heterogeneity of languages. Certain elements of a language system - sociolinguistic variables - allow the speaker to say the same thing in different ways, as variants are identical in meaning but carry different social value....

  17. Optimization of grate combustion by means of an IR camera. Final report; Optimering af risteforbraending IR-kamera. Slut rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Didriksen, H.; Jensen, Joergen Peter; Hansen, Joergen (DONG Energy, Fredericia (Denmark)); Clausen, Soennik; Larsen, Henning (Technical Univ. of Denmark, Risoe National Lab. for Sustainable Energy, Roskilde (Denmark))

    2010-09-15

    The target of the project has been to improve the control and regulation of grate-fired straw boilers by involving measuring signals from a specially developed IR camera in a new regulation concept. The project was carried out with the straw boiler at the Avedoere power station. The conclusion has been that it is a very demanding task to develop an IR camera, including software, which must function as a process measuring device for continuous on-line measuring under very demanding conditions in a straw fired boiler. The result showed that this was not possible within the framework of this project. The developed camera has on the other hand proved to be very well suited for measuring campaigns, where the camera is ''manned''/continuously monitored. (Energy 11)

  18. Charli : Protocole de Caractérisation des HAbitats des Rives et du Littoral (version 2012.1). Rapport final.

    OpenAIRE

    Alleaume, S.; Lanoiselee, C.; Heyd, C.; Argillier, C.

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a protocol for characterizing the lake riparian habitats based on photo-interpretation coupled with field observations. / Ce document propose un protocole de caractérisation des habitats rivulaires lacustres basé sur une photo-interprétation d’orthophotos associée à des observations de terrain

  19. Télétravail à domicile et nouveaux rapports au travail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Sitnikoff

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Le travail à domicile est une organisation ancienne. Il se décline dans une série d’activités salariées ou indépendantes, réalisées pour partie ou en totalité dans l’espace domestique. Le télétravail à domicile, basé sur l’utilisation de l’informatique et des technologies de l’information et de la communication, en représente un aspect moderne. Il redéfinit les frontières spatio-temporelles qui ont fortement structuré le monde du travail. Obligeant souvent à une forte implication, valorisé pour la liberté et la créativité, questionnant la séparation des sphères professionnelle et privée, le télétravail à domicile, lorsqu’il est pratiqué par des populations qualifiées et amatrices d’autonomie, peut être considéré comme emblématique des transformations contemporaines du rapport au travail et du rapport à l’emploi. Cette thématique mêle des enjeux transversaux et nous interroge sur l’évolution des modes de vie, sur de nouvelles figures de l’autorité et sur de nouvelles formes de recherche du bonheur au travail.Home work is an old type of organization. It corresponds to many activities which are salaried or independent and which are realized partially or entirely in domestic space. Home telework, using ICT, represents a modern form of home work. It changes space-time frontiers which have traditionally characterized work organization. It can require a strong implication, it can bring freedom and creativity, it questions the frontiers between work and non work: home telework, concerning qualified people who want autonomy, can be regarded as a symbol of contemporary transformations of work and employment. Theses themes question us about new ways of life, about the evolution of authority, and about happiness in working life.

  20. Technical and scientific report of the Alto project; Rapport scientifique et technique du projet ALTO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Essabaa, S.; Gardes, D.; Grialou, D.; Ibrahim, F.; Le Scornet, J.C

    2002-07-01

    The Alto project means the installation of an electron linear accelerator inside the experimental area of the tandem accelerator of the nuclear physics institute of Orsay (IPNO, France). This linear accelerator comes from CERN where it was operating as a pre-injector for LEP. This equipment will allow IPNO'teams to perform fast kinetics studies in a domain different from that of ELYSE accelerator. The time resolution will not be as high as that of ELYSE (picosecond) but will be sufficient (microsecond) to produce free radicals in aqueous and gaseous media. The main expectations of this installation can be classified according 3 axis: 1) basic research (mainly the study of nuclear matter through photo-fission, 2) research and development of accelerators (by providing a test bench for new high frequency systems and superconducting components), and 3) applied research for industry concerning: biochemistry under irradiation, radiation sensibility, DNA breaking, food and drug sterilization and behaviour of electronic components under irradiation. This rapport details the research program that could be achieved with this equipment, describes its contributions in terms of economic development, cooperation with industry, student training, and specifies the needed investment and the operating and maintenance costs. (A.C.)

  1. Perceptions of rapport across the life span: Gaze patterns and judgment accuracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicaria, Ishabel M; Bernieri, Frank J; Isaacowitz, Derek M

    2015-06-01

    Although age-related deficits in emotion perception have been established using photographs of individuals, the extension of these findings to dynamic displays and dyads is just beginning. Similarly, most eye-tracking research in the person perception literature, including those that study age differences, have focused on individual attributes gleaned from static images; to our knowledge, no previous research has considered cue use in dyadic judgments with eye-tracking. The current study employed a Brunswikian lens model analysis in conjunction with eye-tracking measurements to study age differences in the judgment of rapport, a social construct comprised of mutual attentiveness, positive feelings, and coordination between interacting partners. Judgment accuracy and cue utilization of younger (n = 47) and older (n = 46) adults were operationalized as correlations between a perceiver's judgments and criterion values within a set of 34 brief interaction videos in which 2 opposite sex college students discussed a controversial topic. No age differences emerged in the accuracy of judgments; however, pathways to accuracy differed by age: Younger adults' judgments relied on some behavioral cues more than older adults. In addition, eye-tracking analyses revealed that older adults spent more time looking at the bodies of the targets in the videos, whereas younger adults spent more time looking at the targets' heads. The contributions from both the lens model and eye-tracking findings provide distinct but complementary insights to our understanding of age-related continuities and shifts in social perceptual processing. PMID:25894485

  2. Market research on biogas valorizations and methanization. Final report; Etude de marche de la methanisation et des valorisations du biogaz. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-09-15

    This market research aims at giving an overview of the existing methanization installations and of their dynamics in France, at assessing biogas production and use, at analyzing the methanization market, and at defining development perspectives for this sector by 2020. Based on a survey of methanization installations, on interviews with many actors of this sector, and on a seminar organized on this topic, this report presents and comments market data for biogas valorization and methanization in different sectors: household, agricultural, and industrial and waste water processing plants. It comments evolution trends by 2020 for these sectors, and the role that the emerging sector of centralized methanization could have in the years to come

  3. Micro-exchangers. Final report: integrated research project: 8.2; Micro-echangeurs. Rapport final: Projet de recherche integree: 8.2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lallemand, M. [Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA), Centre de Thermique de Lyon (CETHIL), UMR 5008, 69 - Villeurbanne (France); Ayela, F. [Centre de Recherches sur les tres Basses Temperatures (CRTBT), UPR 5001, 38 - Grenoble (France); Tadrist, L. [Institut Universitaire des Systemes Thermiques Industriels (IUSTI/EPUM) - UMR 6595, 13 - Marseille (France); Favre-Marinet, M.; Marty, P. [Institut National Polytechnique, Lab. des Ecoulements Geophysiques et Industriels (LEGI), UMR 5519, 38 - Grenoble (France); Lebouche, M.; Maillet, D. [Ecole Nationale Superieure en Electricite et Mecanique (ENSEM), Lab. d' Energetique et de Mecanique Theorique et Appliquee (LEMTA), UMR 7563, 54 - Nancy (France); Peerhossaini, H. [Ecole polytechnique de l' Universite de Nantes (UPUN) Lab. de Thermocinetique, (LT), UMR 6607, 44 - Nantes (France); Gruss, A. [CEA Grenoble, Groupement pour la Recherche sur les Echangeurs Thermiques (GRETH), 38 (France)

    2004-07-01

    This project concerns the design and the development of efficient exchangers, in the monophasic and two-phase exchangers domain. It provides the results and the analysis of research programs on the following topics: hydrodynamic and transfers in micro channels in monophasic convection; boiling study in microchannels; micro-exchangers. (A.L.B.)

  4. Quantification of the emissions of the ozone preceding by inverse modelization. Final report; Quantification des emissions des precurseurs de l'ozone par modelisation inverse. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granier, C.; Petron, G. [Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), Service d' Aeronomie, 75 - Paris (France); Ciais, Ph.; Bousquet, Ph. [Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), Lab. des Sciences du Climat et de l' Environnement, 75 - Paris (France)

    2007-07-01

    In the framework of this work, inverse methods have been developed and applied for two types of applications: climatological observations to optimize the monthly average of the observed compounds; the distribution of the carbon monoxide. The report presents the experimental methodologies, the used simulation and the results. (A.L.B.)

  5. Partnew - New solvent extraction processes for minor actinides - final report; Partnew - Nouveaux procedes d'extraction par solvant pour les actinides mineurs - rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madic, C.; Testard, F.; Hudson, M.J.; Liljenzin, J.O.; Christiansen, B.; Ferrando, M.; Facchini, A.; Geist, A.; Modolo, G.; Gonzalez-Espartero, A.; Mendoza, J. de

    2004-07-01

    The objectives of the European project PARTNEW were to define solvent extraction processes for the partitioning of the minor actinides, Am and Cm, from the aqueous high active raffinate or high active concentrate issuing the reprocessing of nuclear spent fuels by the PUREX process. Eleven laboratories participated to the research: 1/ CEA-DEN (Marcoule), 2/ CEA-DSM (Saclay), 3/ UREAD (U.K.), 4/ CTU (Sweden), 5/ ITU (Germany), 6/ ENEA (Italy), 7/ PoliMi (Italy), 8/ FZK-INE (Germany), 9/ FZJ-ISR (Germany), 10/ CIEMAT (Spain) and 11/ UAM (Spain). The research was organised into eight work packages (WP): Basic and applied DIAMEX studies, using diamide extractants for the co-extraction of actinides(III) (An(III)) and lanthanides(III) (Ln(III)) nitrates (WP1 and WP2), Basic and applied SANEX studies based on the use of polydentate N-ligands for the An(III)/Ln(III) separation (WP3 and WP4), Basic and applied SANEX studies based on the use of synergistic mixtures made of bis-(chloro-phenyl)-di-thio-phosphinic acid + neutral O-bearing ligand, (WP5 and WP6), Basic SANEX studies for the An(III)/Ln(III) separation, based on the use of new S-bearing ligands, Basic and applied studies for the Am(III)/Cm(III) separation. The work done in the fundamental and applied domains was very fruitful. Several processes have been successfully tested with genuine high active raffinates and concentrate. (authors)

  6. Searev. Concerted action energy - 2003 exploratory project PE3. Final report - June 2004; Searev. Action concertee energie - 2003 projet exploratoire PE3. Rapport final - Juin 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clement, A.

    2004-07-01

    This project aims to develop a prototype of waves energy recovery float, using a new process developed by the LMF (Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics), to produce electricity. This document presents the project participants, the financing and the first results. (A.L.B.)

  7. Project GICC-Rhone revised final report - short version february 2005; Projet GICC-Rhone rapport final revise - version courte fevrier 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The GICC-Rhone project concerns the impacts on the french part of the Rhone basin, in the case of a climatic change which double the atmospheric CO{sub 2}. This situation is possible for the year 2050. The document precises the place of the project in the general scientifical context, the planning and the engaged teams, the experimental methodology, the used and developed simulation, a discussion on the data uncertainties and the obtained results. (A.L.B.)

  8. Rapport de Master-recherche : Estimation de canal à évanouissements lents pour les communications radio-mobiles

    OpenAIRE

    Ghandour - Haidar, Soukayna

    2010-01-01

    encadrants du laboratoire Gipsa-lab: Ros Laurent, Brossier Jean-Marc Ce rapport de stage de Master Recherche traite du problème de l'estimation du canal de transmission en communication radio-mobile. Les domaines d'applications visés concernent plus généralement les communications sans fil (WIFI, UMTS, WIMAX, 4G, LTE, ..). Le " modèle de Rayleigh à spectre Doppler de Jakes " est le modèle aléatoire le plus largement accepté dans la littérature pour modéliser les variations temporelles (ou ...

  9. Fertilité des sols : conclusions du rapport sur l’état des sols de France

    OpenAIRE

    Arrouays, Dominique; Antoni, V. (ed.); Bardy, Marion; Bispo, A; Brossard, M.; Jolivet, Claudy; Le Bas, Christine; Martin, Manuel; Saby, Nicolas; Schnebelen, Nathalie; Villanneau, Estelle; STENGEL, Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Les sols constituent une ressource naturelle non renouvelable. Leurs usages et leur devenir représentent un enjeu collectif majeur, tant pour les activités agricoles ou sylvicoles que pour la préservation de la qualité de notre environnement. Après dix ans de travaux, le Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique sur les sols, le Gis Sol, a dressé le premier bilan scientifiquement quantifié de l’état des sols de France métropolitaine et d’Outre-mer dans un rapport sur l’état des sols de France publié ...

  10. Rapport d'étude : La perception des risques majeurs par les riverains du CEA de Cadarache

    OpenAIRE

    Lopez, Alexia; Régner, Isabelle; Schleyer-Lindenmann, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    Ce rapport d'étude vient répondre aux interrogations de son commanditaire, la CLI (Commission Local d'Information) du CEA (Commissariat à l'énergie Atomique) de Cadarache. Il s'organise en trois partie : une première partie établit un état des lieux des connaissances des risques majeurs par les habitants. Les risques majeurs officiellement recensés sont : le risque feu de forêt, le risque inondation, le risque sismique, le risque de mouvement de terrain, le risque de rupture de barrage, et le...

  11. A + (B[subscript 1]) Professor--student Rapport + (B[subscript 2]) Humor + (B[subscript 3]) Student Engagement = (Y) Student Ratings of Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Aaron S.; Berglund, Majken B.; Epelbaum, Vadim B.; Klein, Eric M.

    2015-01-01

    Teaching effectiveness is often evaluated through student ratings of instruction (SRI). Research suggests that there are many potential factors that can predict student's perceptions of teaching effectiveness such as professor-student rapport, student engagement, and perceived humor of the instructor. Therefore, we sought to assess whether…

  12. L'administration du travail et la production du droit du travail (1906-1960). : Note de synthèse du rapport de recherche

    OpenAIRE

    Le Crom, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    Synthèse d'un rapport de recherche dont l'objectif est d'appréhender le rôle de l'administration centrale du travail dans la production du droit du travail. Deux dimensions sont explorées : le profil des rédacteurs et l'organisation des structures.

  13. The deep geothermal project along the shore of the Lake of Geneva - Synthesis report of Phase A; Projet de geothermie profonde sur la cote vaudoise. Rapport de synthese de la phase A - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vallat, P. [CCMP Plus, Gland (Switzerland)

    2009-04-15

    Preliminary studies have shown the geothermal potential of deep aquifers in the region named 'La Cote' between the Jura mountain and the Lake of Geneva, between Geneva and Lausanne, Switzerland. The present synthesis report reviews the geological features of the region - known from previous boring - and the expected heat demand in the region. Several sites have been identified where cost-covering operation of a geothermal district heating is expected. Recommendations for the following steps of the project are given.

  14. Techniques de débitmétrie polyphasique non intrusive. Revue bibliographique Non Intrusive Multiphase Flow Measurement Techniques. Bibliographic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynch J.

    2006-11-01

    . Parameters permitting the various phases to be discriminated are identified in order to evaluate the various techniques. The latter are classified in two major families of interaction for which a range of frequencies are explored : mechanical interactions from ultrasound to simple pressure and noisemeasurement and electromagnetic interactions from the use of gamma rays to the measurement of static electrical properties. Consideration is also given to two techniques of special interest falling outside this classification : the use of neutron bombardment and that of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR. Most of the techniques considered give only partial responses to the question of measuring the quantites and velocities of each of the three major components : oil water and gas. Some, such as visible light or infrared spectroscopy, are eliminated entirely due to the local nature of the measurements in the system considered. Methods such as acoustic or pressure measurement, providing a rapid and simple means of detecting major events such as the passage of slugs and gas pockets and of measuring their velocity in favorable cases, may be incorporated into the final system. Little information is however furnished as to the flow rates of individual components. Four types of measurement have been selected as presenting particular advantages in all or part of the range of parameters for which information is required. Neutron based methods, particularly when coupled to induced gamma ray spectroscopy, promise to provide useful information on water/oil ratios and on salinity although the development of practical sources is as yet only in its earliest stage. NMR is potentially capable of providing independant measurements of both the quantity and velocity of the two liquid phases although the size of such a flowmeter would be prohibitive in the application envisaged. A restricted application (both in terms of size and in the number of measured parameters may however be advantageous in

  15. Le sport, lieu de questionnement des rapports sociaux de sexe ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Guérandel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse les rapports sociaux de sexe au sein d’une équipe sportive mixte d’ultimate à partir du concept de « régime de genre » de Robert Connell. L’étude prend également en compte les caractéristiques sociales des pratiquants et du contexte afin de penser conjointement la construction sociale des différences de genre et de classe. Enfin, en s’intéressant aux manières dont les hommes et les femmes interagissent au cours des entraînements et des situations de match, ce travail s’intéresse à la question des modes de construction de la mixité. Les résultats montrent notamment les effets contrastés du régime de genre de l’ultimate.When sport questions social relations of sexes: the example of a co-ed team activity in competitionThis article analyzes social relations of sexes in a co-ed team sport called ultimate with Robert Connell’s concept of « gender regime ». The study also takes into account the social characteristics of practitioners and contexts in order to examine social construction of gender and class differences. Then this research will look at men and women’s interactions during training and match situations to deal with the issue of co-ed construction ways. Results show that the gender regime of ultimate drives to contrasting effects.Cuando el deporte cuestiona las relaciones sociales de género: el ejemplo de una práctica colectiva mixta en competiciónEste articulo analiza las relaciones sociales de género dentro un equipo deportista mixto de « ultímate » a partir del concepto de « régimen de género » de Robert Connell. El estudio tiene también en cuenta las características sociales de los practicantes y del contexto para pensar de forma conjunta la construcción social de las diferencias de género y de clase. Se ha estudiado la forma en la que hombres y mujeres interactúan durante los entrenamientos y los partidos, este trabajo se interesa por la pregunta de los

  16. New report reveals eco-efficiency of supermarket refrigeration systems. Refrigerant choice; Rapport onthult eco-effiency van supermarktkoelsystemen. Koudemiddelkeuze

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-11-15

    Ever since the EU has committed to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 20%, food retailers have been under enormous pressure to reduce their carbon footprint. Refrigeration is part of the solution, as it accounts for some 50% of the energy consumption in a typical store. A new report by the British environmental consultants SKM Enviros evaluates different refrigeration solutions. [Dutch] Sinds de EU heeft besloten de uitstoot van broeikasgassen met twintig procent terug te brengen, staan foodretailers onder enorme druk om hun ecologische 'footprint' te verminderen. Koeling is een onderdeel van de oplossing, omdat het circa vijftig procent van het energiegebruik in een gemiddelde winkel voor zijn rekening neemt. Een nieuw rapport van de Britse milieuconsultants SKM Enviros evalueert verschillende koeloplossingen.

  17. Atouts et possibilités de l’insertion curriculaire de l’intercompréhension: rapport

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo e Sá, M. H.; Andrade, Ana Isabel; Simões, Ana Raquel; Pinho, Ana Sofia; Fanara, Antonella; Ferreira, Cláudia; Spita, Doina; Gilles, Fabrice; Martins, Filomena; Carrington, Margarida; Varchetta, Maria Carmela; Vito, Sonia di

    2014-01-01

    Ce rapport a été préparé par le lot 7 (Insertion Curriculaire de l’Intercompréhension) du projet MIRIADI. Il s'agit d'un lot dont l’objectif est de développer des processus d’intégration curriculaire de l’Intercompréhension (IC) à distance dans des groupes plurilingues, à partir de travaux expérimentaux menés sur le terrain et réalisés dans une logique de recherche-action, pour comprendre les "conditions de faisabilité" de cette approche didactique dans les programmes d'apprentissage et ...

  18. Rapports familiaux et dynamique de l’exclusion dans « La Métamorphose » de Franz KAFKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hébatallah Emad El-Dine Abdel-Razek

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Dans cette recherche nous étudions les rapports familiaux et la dynamique de l’exclusion dans « La Métamorphose » de Franz KAFKA. Nous mettons en lumière l’impact de la vie de l’auteur sur cette nouvelle, notamment sa relation conflictuelle avec son père. Porte-parole de l’écrivain, Grégoire Samsa imagine qu’un jour il s’est transformé en vermine. Au lieu de chercher la cause de cette métamorphose, ses parents le boycottent et finissent par chercher à se débarrasser de lui. Notre étude aborde les rapports que tient le protagoniste avec sa mère, sa sœur et son père qui, à leur tour, subissent une métamorphose imprévue. Effacée et fragile, la mère est impuissante devant la violence du père et de la sœur.  Nous analysons également les étapes de la dégénérescence du héros (perte de la voix, insomnie, perte de l’appétit, perte de la mobilité. A la fin de notre recherche nous constatons que cette métamorphose est un moyen de s’échapper au monde du travail étouffant et à l’aliénation éprouvée par le protagoniste au sein de la famille.  

  19. Rapport fra forbedringsaktivitet: Software udviklingsmodel, Brüel & Kjær CMS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørbjerg, Jacob; Vinter, Otto

    1999-01-01

    Final report from a software process improvement initiative at Brüel & Kjær CMS. The initiative aimed to develop and obtain practical experience with a software development model based on incremental development and timeboxing.......Final report from a software process improvement initiative at Brüel & Kjær CMS. The initiative aimed to develop and obtain practical experience with a software development model based on incremental development and timeboxing....

  20. Références bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Abe K., “Magnitudes of large shallow earthquakes from 1904 to 1980”, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 27, 1981, p. 72-92. Adger W. N., Hughes T.P, Terry P., Folke C., Carpenter S. R., Rockström J., “Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters”, Science, vol. 309, n° 5737, 2005, p. 1036-1039. Afian (dir.), Segi-segi social budaya masyarakat aceh, Jakarta, Lembaga Penelitian, Pendidikan dan Penerangan Ekonomi dan Sosial, 1977. AFPS, « Vulnérabilité sismique du bâti exist...

  1. Éléments bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    Jamain, Claude

    2016-01-01

    Ouvrages et articles d’Edith Penrose 1940 Food Control in Great Britain, Genève, International Labour Office. 1951 The Economics of the International Patent System, Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press. 1952 « Biological Analogies in the Theory of the Firm », American Economic Review, 42(4), p. 804-19. 1953 « Biological Analogies in the Theory of the Firm : Rejoinder », American Economic Review, 43(4), p. 603-609. 1955 « Limits to the Growth and Size of Firms », American Economic Review, 45(2),...

  2. Awareness of households to the development of wind energy sites - Reporting on a survey; Receptivite des menages au developpement des sites eoliens. Rapport d'enquete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voisard, M.

    2000-07-01

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy presents in tables and diagrams the results of a survey involving 421 households in Switzerland, about their awareness to energy issues and, in particular, to all what regards wind energy and wind power plants. Globally, 80% of the persons asked for their opinion believe that electric power demand will continue to increase. 66% of them are in favour of increased use of renewable energy sources and would consequently agree with a 10% more expensive end-user energy price. 89% of the persons taking part to the survey approve the installation of wind energy farms in Switzerland. Moreover, statistics indicates that the households living in regions already equipped with wind farms are significantly more favorable to the creation of new wind energy sites than those not living in these regions. By the end of the day, it turns out that the main reasons for accepting wind energy are environmental concerns as well as the fear of being obliged to use nuclear power. [French] Ce rapport presente par des graphiques et des tableaux le resultat d'un sondage d'opinion aupres de 421 menages en Suisse, sur la sensibilite du public aux problemes de l'energie et plus particulierement sur sa perception de tout ce qui concerne l'energie du vent et son exploitation par l'implantation d'eoliennes. Globalement, 80% des menages pensent que la demande d'energie electrique va poursuivre sa croissance. 66% d'entre eux sont favorables au developpement des energies renouvelables et prets a accepter en consequence une augmentation du prix de l'energie allant jusqu'a 10%. 89% des personnes interrogees sont favorables au developpement des eoliennes en Suisse. De plus, la statistique montre de maniere significative que les menages des regions dans lesquelles sont deja implantes des sites eoliens sont plus favorables au developpement des eoliennes que les autres. Finalement, le respect de l

  3. Effet du rapport Cu/In sur la structure des couches minces de CuInS2 airless spray. Application : conversion photovoltaïque

    OpenAIRE

    Belgacem, S.; M. Amlouk; Bennaceur, R.

    1990-01-01

    Les couches minces semiconductrices de CuInS2 sont préparées par la technique de pulvérisation réactive et sans air (P.S.A.), avec différents rapports de concentrations Cu/In en solution variant de 0,8 à 1,3. Nous avons constaté par analyse aux rayons X qu'un excès d'indium engendre l'apparition de phases indésirables telles que In2S3 et In 6S7. Pour un rapport Cu/In supérieur ou égal à 1, avec une concentration d'indium de 3 × 10^-2 M, ces phases disparaissent. L'obtention des couches de CuI...

  4. Rapport Adaptation of Language in Human Communication%论交际过程中语言的和谐顺应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周树江

    2014-01-01

    在交际中,人们的语言应用是一个不断选择的顺应过程,而语言顺应要受制于元语用意识。追求交际的和谐是一种无标记元语用意识,是多数场合下交际者追求的交际目标。成功的交际者会根据交际语境不断变换语言形式、交际策略及话语内容来达到交际和谐,从而实现交际过程中的语言的和谐顺应。%In human communication, the use of language is a dynamic adaptive process. The adaptive process is monitored and guided by the metapragmatic awareness. Managing rapport in communication, which is the communicative aim for most occasions, is a kind of unmarked metapragmatic awareness. Successful communicators usually adapt the language form, communicative strategy and discourse contents to the communicative context so as to achieve rapport in communication. The process is called rapport adap-tation of language in human communication.

  5. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gurney, Kevin R

    2015-01-12

    This document constitutes the final report under DOE grant DE-FG-08ER64649. The organization of this document is as follows: first, I will review the original scope of the proposed research. Second, I will present the current draft of a paper nearing submission to Nature Climate Change on the initial results of this funded effort. Finally, I will present the last phase of the research under this grant which has supported a Ph.D. student. To that end, I will present the graduate student’s proposed research, a portion of which is completed and reflected in the paper nearing submission. This final work phase will be completed in the next 12 months. This final workphase will likely result in 1-2 additional publications and we consider the results (as exemplified by the current paper) high quality. The continuing results will acknowledge the funding provided by DOE grant DE-FG-08ER64649.

  6. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeTar, Carleton [P.I.

    2012-12-10

    This document constitutes the Final Report for award DE-FC02-06ER41446 as required by the Office of Science. It summarizes accomplishments and provides copies of scientific publications with significant contribution from this award.

  7. Barrages de tufs calcaires et cascades dans le Centre-Var : rapport avec les eaux des sources karstiques, historique et déclin actuel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Nicod

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans les vallées de l'intérieur de la Provence, de grandes accumulations de tufs et de travertins sont liées aux sources karstiques importantes. En rapport avec l'évolution géomorphologique, les travertins anciens forment des balcons et des terrasses. La période récente de grande construction travertineuse débute souvent au Préboréal et se généralise dans l'Atlantique. Au cours du Néolithique final, cette sédimentation décroît en fonction de la détérioration climatique et de la déforestation liée à la pression anthropique. Cependant quelques barrages (dômes stromatolitiques et marais, avec dépôts de tourbes, persistent jusqu'à l'âge historique. Dans le Centre-Var, les dépôts de tufs restent actifs dans quelques sites refuges, dans les hautes vallées forestières, proches des sources karstiques, et sur quelques grandes cascades. De plus, le long des rivières, des cascades à tufs sont issues des aménagements de moulins et de canaux d'irrigation.La sédimentation des tufs dépend de nombreux facteurs en interaction, dont :- la minéralisation carbonatée des eaux des sources karstiques,- le régime hydrologique saisonnier,- l'écosystème régional et local (forêts, ripisylves,- le biotope algo-bryophytique.De nos jours, la sédimentation stromatolitique est en situation critique du fait de l'impact de multiples facteurs en rapport avec l'accroissement de l'urbanisation et les changements environnementaux :- pollution, accroissement de la turbidité sur les petits affluents résultant de l'agriculture mécanisée,- diminution drastique des débits dans les saisons de printemps-été, où l'activité algo-bryophytique est la plus favorable, du fait de l'augmentation générale des prélèvements.La période de sécheresse récente (2006-2008 a accentué ces impacts sur les barrages de tufs. Et la protection de ces sites de grand intérêt environnemental et patrimonial pose des problèmes complexes.In the

  8. Report of Activity, 1994 - 1996; Rapport d`activite, 1994 - 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutbrod, H.H. [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et des Technologies Associees - SUBATECH, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 44 - Nantes (France)

    1997-10-01

    SUBATECH (Laboratory of Subatomic Physics and Associated Technologies) has been created in 1994 by three founding fathers, the Ecole des Mines de Nantes, the University of Nantes and the Institute IN2P3/CNRS. The challenging new idea was to house under one roof groups working in fundamental research as well as those working in applied research. During the first year the experimental activities focused on nuclear collisions at lower energies, e.g. reactions mechanism studies with the detector INDRA at GANIL. The laboratory specialized in the analysis of two particle correlations which allows to study the dynamics and the geometry aspects of the reaction mechanism. In the area of subatomic Physics our teams study the collisions of heavy ions at different energies to investigate the multifragmentation of nuclei or to search for the quark gluon plasma. In the area of associated TECHnologies the accent is on the problems related to nuclear waste, from the `treatment of nuclear waste with new method (GEDEON)` or its interaction with bacteria to the research of the chemistry of Tc, Ac-225 and Bi-213 and the program of alpha-immunotherapy on micro-tumors. In the field of fundamental science, in parallel to the work on simulations for the new projects, the Subatech scientists could start work on prototypes for the experiments ALICE at the LHC at CERN (scheduled for the year 2005) and STAR at RHIC at Brookhaven (scheduled for 1999). The experimental groups work closely together with the theory groups of Subatech. The author of the VENUS model works in Subatech. This internationally known model is amongst the most important code capable to describe many of the SPS data. Another theory group works on the analysis of multiparticle correlations in the WA98 data with the wavelet theory. Finally, a third group is currently studying the multifragmentation in the final state at GANIL

  9. Reporting emissions on EMEP grid. Methods and principles; Rapportering af luftemissioner paa grid. Metoder og principper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tranekjaer Jensen, M.; Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Hjorth Mikkelsen, M.; Winther, M.; Gyldenkaerne, S.; Viuf OErby, P.; Boll Illerup, J.

    2008-03-15

    This report explains methods for reporting emissions on EMEP grid with a resolution of 50km x 50km for the reporting years 1990, 1995, 2000 an 2005. The applied and geographical distributed emission data on grid represents the latest delivery (per March 2007) to UNECE LRTAP (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution). Thus data represents the latest recalculation of historical values. The reporting of emissions on EMEP grid with a resolution of 50km x 50km is a part of the Danish submission under the above mentioned convention (UNECE LRTAP). Emission inventories on grid are reported every fifth year and involves all sectors under UNECE LRTAP. The reporting of emissions on grid includes 14 mandatory emission components, which are: SO{sub 2}, NOx NH{sub 3}, NMVOC, CO, TSP, PM{sub 10}, PM{sub 2.5}, Pb, Cd, Hg, Dioxin, PAH and HCB. It is furthermore possible to make additional reporting for a range of components. The report summarizes the most crucial principles and considerations according to work with distributing air emissions on grid within predefined categories for gridding defined by the United Nations (UN 2003). For each of the reported categories, the report gives a detailed explanation of the specific level for distributing emissions spatially. For most reporting categories the process of distributing emissions has been carried out at the highly detailed SNAP level, whereas for others it has been a necessity to make aggregates of several SNAP categories for spatial distribution. The report present final maps for selected air pollutants (SOx, NOx and NH{sub 3}) and discuss shortly possible reasons for variations within time and space. Based on current experience, the report finally gives some recommendations for improving future reporting of gridded emission data. The recommendations pin point, that the EMEP program should provide harmonized and well-documented basic spatial data sets for gridding, to encourage each

  10. Final Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiselberg, Per; Brohus, Henrik; Nielsen, Peter V.

    This final report for the Hybrid Ventilation Centre at Aalborg University describes the activities and research achievement in the project period from August 2001 to August 2006. The report summarises the work performed and the results achieved with reference to articles and reports published...

  11. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estep, Donald [Colorado State University

    2015-11-30

    This is the final report for the project titled "Enabling Predictive Simulation and UQ of complex Multiphysics PDE systems by the Development of Goal-Oriented Variational Sensitivity Analysis and a-Posteriori Error Estimation Methods" that ran from 9/1/2010 through 8/31/2015. The report describes the scientific progress, all manuscripts, and records project-related activities.

  12. Report of Activity, 1996-1997-1998; Rapport d'activite 1996-1997-1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bizot, J.C. [ed.] [Lab. de l' Accelerateur Lineaire, Paris-11 Univ., 91 - Orsay (France)

    1999-07-01

    This report describes the activity of Linear Accelerator Laboratory at Orsay on 1996, 1997, and 1998. The physics research is focused onto three issues. The first has as objective the precise test of standard model in the sector of gauge boson interactions at LEP (ALEPH, DELPHI) and HERA (H1) and in the sector of matter properties (tau lepton, b quark, CP violation and neutrino mass). The second is a search for high energy new particles, particularly the Higgs boson and the particles predicted by supersymmetry. Finally, there is an astrophysics program aiming at gravitational wave detection and precise measurement of the relic background radiation by gravitational lensing and of high energy photon showers. The LAL plays a foremost role in the construction of the large experiments ATLAS, NEMO, VIRGO (especially mechanics) and BABAR and LHCb (electronics). The computing sector entered a new phase of critical mutations (relating to new tools and languages). Reported are also the LAL contributions to the TTF injector, the test station installed at Hamburg for the future superconductor e{sup +}e{sup -} collider TESLA and the effort in superconductor accelerator R and D of the DAPNIA-IN2P3 French collaboration. An illustration of the LAL efforts for developing applications is the electron beam project ELYSE designed for chemical utilizations, based on the experience with the photon triggered gun CANDELA.

  13. Petroleum industry. 1997 activity report; L`industrie Petroliere. Rapport d`activite 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    This activity report from the direction of hydrocarbons of the French general direction of energy and raw materials (ministry of economy, finances and industry) presents an economic analysis of the activities of the French petroleum industry for 1997. After a recall of the missions of the direction of hydrocarbons, the report analyses successively: 1- the evolution of the petroleum market: the international petroleum market in 1997, the hydrocarbon supplies and external trade (natural gas, crude oil, condensates), the French petroleum market (primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, French petroleum consumption, the petroleum logistics in overseas departments and territories), the prices, margins and fiscal policy in France and Europe (crude oil and refined product prices in the international market, retail prices in France and Europe, the French petroleum fiscal policy, statistics of petroleum prices in France and Europe; 2- the petroleum industry activities: exploration and production in France and worldwide, the maritime and domestic transports and the storage (French commercial fleet, domestic transports, storage facilities, strategic stocks), the refining activity and the quality of products and fuel substitutes (refining, automotive fuels quality, bio-fuels), the distribution of petroleum products (automotive and diesel fuels, LPG, aircraft fuels, lubricants); 3- the environmental and safety aspects of refining, transportation (pipelines, tanker-ships) and exploration-production; 4- the economic situation of the companies: petroleum groups, French para-petroleum industry, scientific and technical research. (J.S.)

  14. Les données de la recherche en SHS. Une enquête à l’Université de Lille 3. : Rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Prost, Hélène; Schöpfel, Joachim

    2015-01-01

    Les données de la recherche deviennent l’un des nouveaux défis de la gestion scientifique. Produites dans le cadre des projets de recherche, ces données posent des questions inédites aux laboratoires, bibliothèques et services informatiques des universités : comment conserver ces données, comment les signaler et mettre à disposition d’autres chercheurs, comment faire le lien avec les publications, comment les intégrer dans une politique du libre accès à l’information scientifique ? Avant de s...

  15. Fertilisation de la courge de plein champ : test de différentes doses et de 2 types d'engrais - rapport final 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Védie, Hélène

    2006-01-01

    La fertilisation en maraîchage biologique est sans aucun doute encore un vaste domaine à explorer. Le manque de références sur les besoins des cultures d’une part, et sur les possibilités de fournitures du sol par minéralisation d’autre part, amène bien souvent les producteurs à « naviguer à vue » en utilisant des doses standards, qui ne reposent pas sur des bases agronomiques éprouvées. Les suivis réalisés par le GRAB sur aubergine en 2003 et melon en 2004 montrent qu’il est possible de d...

  16. Projet BIOTRYTIS : Description du site expérimental, des équipements et de la métrologie. Rapport final Irstea-Onema

    OpenAIRE

    A.; Petitjean; Bouyer, M; Forquet, N.; Cretollier, C.; Bourgeois, V.; Clement, R.; Gregoire, J C; Ahyerre, M.; Coquery, M.; Boutin, C; Choubert, J.M.

    2016-01-01

    Buffer zones between wastewater treatment plants and receiving water bodies have recently gained interest in France. These planted discharge areas (PDA) receive treated wastewater and may have various designs aiming to mimic 'natural' wetlands. Research is needed to assess the treatment efficiency of such systems: a comprehensive study co-funded by ONEMA (French National Agency for Water and Aquatic Environments) is carried out to understand the fate of water, conventional pollutants and micr...

  17. Biologie, écologie et pêche des lamproies migratrices (agnathes amphihalins): rapport final - Troisième tranche fonctionnelle -

    OpenAIRE

    TAVERNY C.; Urdaci, M.; Elie, A.M.; BEAULATON L.; Ortusi, I.; Daverat, F.; ELIE P.

    2005-01-01

    The pattern of growth larval habitat Petromyzon marinus et Lampetra sp..preferences was examined in 4th order rivers Livenne, Cère, Dronne and in the 6th order river Dordogne (modules from 279 to 2,5 m3/s). From shallow waters to deepwater areas, the same dredging technique was used while diving to catch burrowing larvae. Sampled sections of rivers were chosen downstream of one spawning ground at least. Larvae aggregated at sites presenting a soft river bed in deep macrohabitats or shallow wa...

  18. Using hydro power at the Chiblins Mill - Feasibility study; Etude d'avant-projet PCH Moulin de Chiblins - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramseyer, P.

    2008-06-15

    Today, the Chiblins Mill in Gingins, Switzerland is the location of an agricultural machinery museum and is also used for meetings and festivals. The old water wheel from the 19{sup th} century has no mechanical function any longer. The idea of the current project is to use the 6 m high water fall on the joined rivers Asse and Bam to generate electricity. A 10 kW turbine could be installed and produce about 75,000 kWh/y. The technical and economical feasibility of the project is demonstrated. The recommended next step is the request of a water use license.

  19. Power performance measurements on Wave Star in Nissum Bredning. Final report; Wave energy converter; Effektmaalinger paa Wave Star i Nissum Bredning. Afsluttende rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frigaard, P.; Lykke Andersen, T.

    2009-04-15

    The Wave Star test machine in Nissum Bredning was put in continuous operation on 24 July 2006. Over the past 2 1/2 years the produced power was measured continuously and with only minor interruptions. The measurements cover operation for all seasons in a very changeable climate. There is thus gaining operational experience under different wave conditions. In the period the machine has been running with a simple form of control and Power Take Off system (PTO), which form the background for effect measurements with the existing control strategy. Calculations have shown that the use of more advanced forms of control can increase the efficiency of Wave Star significantly. New control systems are therefore still under development with the primary objective to increase performance from the wave energy plant. To test and develop the methods, a new mini-hydraulic station with associated second generation PTO was developed and constructed for testing in Nissum Bredning. The mini-hydraulic station is coupled to a single float, while the other machine's 39 floats are still connected to the existing PTO system. As the existing PTO system can be applied to the 39 floats simultaneously with the new PTO used on 1 float, effect can be measured on the two systems simultaneously. The first tentative experiments with the new second generation PTO seem very promising. During the first measurements made in March 2009 the new system achieved an average yield of 3.1 times the average output from a float on the existing machine. In the coming period more experiments will be performed with the mini-hydraulic station to test the new PTO in various sea conditions. Since the mini-hydraulic station can simulate various forms of control, they also will be tested under real wave conditions in Nissum Bredning. The effect optimization should continue to be subject to a greater targeted effort, as improvements in this area can increase energy production and thus reduce the kWh cost of energy from the Wave Star plants. (ln)

  20. Evaluation des ressources halieutiques de l'ouest de l'Europe par campagnes de chalutages programmés. EVHOE 871. Rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Gueguen, Jacques

    1987-01-01

    La première phase du programme d'évaluation des halieutiques de l'ouest européen a pu être réalisée grâce à la Direction générale des pêches de la Commission des Communautés Européennes. Plusieurs opérations ont pu être menées à bien: - Réalisation d'un logiciel de saisie et d'extraction de données. - Réalisation d'une campagne de chalutages programmés dans la zone entre 48'35 N et le Gouf de cap Breton et des fonds de 15 m aux fonds de 600 m. 132 stations de 30 minutes ont été effectuées et ...

  1. The use of Clay minerals in stratigraphic correlations of carboniferous coal deposits. Les mineraux argileux au service des correlations stratigraphiques des formations houilleres du Carbonifere; Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenzi, G.; Bossiroy, D.; Dreesen, R. (ISSeP, Liege (Belgium))

    1992-01-01

    The main objective of this research project has been achieved: the development of a new tool for the lithostratigraphical correlation of cored boreholes. The proposed technique is based on the processing and interpretation of the results of mineralogical analyses, carried out on the clay minerals from finegrained siliciclastic rocks, associated with coal seams. For this study, the stratigraphical interval below and above the Quaregnon Marine Band (limit between the Westphalian A and B), and more precisely the rock sequence between coal seams no KS 71 and 44 was selected: this interval has been recorded in several cored boreholes, north of the actual exploitation limits of the Beringen and Zolder-Houthalen collieries (Belgian Campine). Over 1000 samples (mainly from mudstones, some siltstones and sandstones) were taken out of the cores, at a regular spacing (about 2m), for further mineralogical analysis. Simultaneously, a sedimentological study was carried out on the the sampled sequences, as well as a petrographical analysis of the main rock types. This resulted in a reconstruction of the Westphalian depositional environments and in a better knowledge of the 'behaviour' (geological history) of the clay minerals. The mineralogical composition of the clay minerals was identified through X-ray diffraction and computer-aided graphical processing of the resulting data produced percentage or intensity ratio curves, which could then be used as a lithostratigraphical correlation tool. Correlations have been shown between relatively simple rock sequences (without split seams) in neighbouring boreholes (1 to 3 km apart) and positive correlations revealed between more complex sequences containing multiple coals seams. Some positive but less obvious correlations have also been discovered between sequences from widely spaced boreholes ({+-}10 km apart).

  2. AlBer : Protocole de caractérisation des Altérations des Berges (version 2012.1). Rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Alleaume, S.; Lanoiselee, C.; Argillier, C.

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a protocol for characterizing the lakes’ riparian alterations based on photo-interpretation coupled with field observations. / Ce document propose un protocole de caractérisation des altérations des berges des plans d’eau basé sur une photo-interprétation d’orthophotos associée à des observations de terrain.

  3. Report of Activity, 1996 - 1997; Rapport d`activite 1996 - 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chauvin, J. [Inst. des Sciences Nucleaires, Grenoble-1 Univ., 38 (France)

    1997-12-31

    The Institute of Nuclear Sciences in Grenoble is a merged research unit formed of the IN2P3 of CNRS and Joseph Fourier University of Grenoble. Founded in 1960, to foster theoretical and experimental nuclear physics it evolved continuously particularly in 90`s when its activity got concentrated on the main topics of the research fields `Quarks and Leptons`, `Particles and Nuclei in Universe`, `Hadron Physics`, `Nuclear Matter` and `New Systems in Nuclear Power Generation`. In the first field, research on massive right-handed neutrinos and on supersymmetric particles were initiated in 1996-1997. The experiments for measuring the neutrino magnetic moment are now operational and first results are expected in 1998. To study antimatter and dark matter in the Universe a magnetic spectrometer was built and is to be installed on the future international space station. In Hadron Physics first results are reported on the {eta} photoproduction and t{sub 20} experiment at TJNAF, representing important advances in the field of short-range nucleon-nucleon interaction. The work conducted by the fusion-fission group allowed to get new insight in the mechanisms of fusion of asymmetric systems. Also, important results concerning the superdeformed exotic nuclei were obtained by the nuclear structure team. Finally, the ISNG project on `Accelerator-driven sub-critical reactors` has advanced strongly in the last two years, in the framework of TARC experiment at CERN (collaboration RUBBIA) and SARA. The programs MUSE at MASURCA (Cadarache) utilizing the future accelerator GENEPI, simulation of sub-critical configurations and other relating programs recorded also important progress. In the field of theoretical physics few body problems, quarks or nucleons, particularly for A = 4 have recorded original developments, with significant insights on the meson properties in the nuclear environment

  4. Rapport från internationell konferens i Montreal 11-13 okt 98: Nya informationsteknologier som stöd för beslutsprocesser i byggandet

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Helena

    1998-01-01

    Rapport från en internationell konferens i Montreal 11-13 oktober 1998 "The First International Conference on New Information Technologies for Decision Making in Civil Engineering". Författaren (som är bibliotekarie) var den enda representanten från Sverige bland ca 280 forskare från 26 länder, och berättar om sitt eget bidrag: "CER: A Handy Tool for the Civil Engineer", men tar även hjälp av 5 olika forskare och professorer i V-huset LTH som själva väljer ut och recensera...

  5. Energy Research in Switzerland in 1997; Energieforschung 1997. Ueberblicksberichte/Recherche energetique 1997. Rapports de synthese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-15

    listed in the geothermal area, increasing the economic efficiency of drilling, life-expectancy of heat probes, use of aquifers, geological aspects and deep heat mining are noted. Small hydropower issues reported on include direct and indirect support for projects, public relations and the Internet. Wind topics reported on include measurement and documentation, information centres and various wind park projects. In the solar chemistry area work concerning process heat, chemical energy storage, photo-electric processes as well as the storage and transport of hydrogen are reported on. As far as combustion technology is concerned, work done at various Swiss institutions is noted, including optical measurement methods and numerical simulation. Also, pollutant reduction is commented on. In the energy storage area, long-term and short-term underground heat-storage systems and their modelling are discussed. Nuclear energy topics include probabilistic safety analysis, human reliability, stress-corrosion cracking and other corrosion effects as well as accident management, waste disposal and future reactor concepts. A further report deals with regulatory safety research in the nuclear area. Nuclear fusion is reviewed at an international level and work done in Switzerland is reviewed. The fuel cells and accumulators report takes a look at current work on natural gas and hydrogen-powered fuel cells with polymer and ceramic electrolytes and work done on various types of accumulators and super-condensers is mentioned. Traffic topics reported on include modular body technologies, drive systems, hybrid drive technologies, safety aspects and eco-balances. Experience gained in fleet trials is reviewed. Finally, the report on the fundamentals of Swiss energy economics reports on perspectives for energy consumption, cantonal energy policies, cost and economic viability of energy systems, solar energy and steering taxes and the opening of energy markets.

  6. Recontextualisation et circulation des discours : Les discours hacktivistes des Anonymous rapportés par la presse écrite numérique algérienne et française

    OpenAIRE

    BABA HAMED, Warda

    2016-01-01

    Ce travail aborde la question de la recontextualisation et de la circulation des discours. Il porte précisément sur la question du discours hacktiviste des Anonymous rapporté par la presse écrite numérique algérienne et française. Il touche à l’étude des rapports discursifs de deux discours numériques, le discours d’information de la presse écrite numérique et le discours hacktiviste des Anonymous, qui s’inscrivent chacun dans une formation discursive. L’intérêt de cette réflexion...

  7. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R Paul Drake

    2004-01-12

    OAK-B135 This is the final report from the project Hydrodynamics by High-Energy-Density Plasma Flow and Hydrodynamics and Radiation Hydrodynamics with Astrophysical Applications. This project supported a group at the University of Michigan in the invention, design, performance, and analysis of experiments using high-energy-density research facilities. The experiments explored compressible nonlinear hydrodynamics, in particular at decelerating interfaces, and the radiation hydrodynamics of strong shock waves. It has application to supernovae, astrophysical jets, shock-cloud interactions, and radiative shock waves.

  8. Energy Research in Switzerland in 2001; Energieforschung 2001. Ueberblicksberichte/Recherche energetique 2001. Rapports de synthese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-04-15

    certification. A few pilot and demonstration projects are noted. Nuclear energy topics include the STARS accident scenario project, human reliability, light-water reactors as well as research on serious accidents, waste disposal and future reactor concepts. A further report deals with regulatory safety research in the nuclear area and man-machine interaction as well as further safety matters. Nuclear fusion is reviewed at an international level and work done in Switzerland is reviewed. Finally, the report on the fundamentals of Swiss energy economics reports on Swiss cantonal energy-related measures and energy perspectives as well as perspectives for hydropower and electricity and gas import.

  9. Present day school readers in rapport with the dramatic works of a once-banned Albanian author

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besa Shingjergji

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The process of reading, rereading, scrutinizing, re-scrutinizing and appraising an author’s work is not finite; moreover it is very dynamic and full of suprises. No doubt that the appraisal and reappraisal is too complex, including cultural, literary, gender and genre components. This becomes more obvious when referring to an author whose works had been locked up in library stacks during the whole 45 years of totalitarian rule in Albania, and whose appraisal process cannot help facing up to the critical thinking led by biased politicization. In this study the appraisal of the works of one of the most outstanding Albanian writers of the 30s of the twentieth century, Etëhem Haxhiademi, will be done by presenting them in rapport with the present-day school, pre-university and university level readers. This reappraisal is conducted with a cold logic, devoid of the vindictive political principles which brought the distorted evaluation of the authors’ works, as it happened for many other authors as well, and is striving to place the writer into the system of the genuine literary values. Once the reader’s inquisitiveness has been satisfied, even after reading a less-known or, moreover, an oblivious or banned literary work, he/she begins reading and rereading it, looking closely into it, essaying to find a proper place for this work in the general system of the national, inter-balkanic and international literary values. E. Haxhiademi’s literary work was known by an older generations of readers whose esthetic satisfaction it brought forth was confined in their consciousness: it was unknown or partly known, not by direct reading but by several interpretations of others, by a middle generation of readers who displayed a certain artistic uncertainty and indifference. However, nowadays it is intently being studied although in excessively fragmentary ways and in many cases even unsuitable ones, by the younger generation of readers who should have a

  10. Watchfully checking rapport with the Primary Child Health Care nurses - a theoretical model from the perspective of parents of foreign origin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hylander Ingrid

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Worldwide, multicultural interaction within health care seems to be challenging and problematic. This is also true among Primary Child Health Care nurses (PCHC nurses in the Swedish Primary Child Health Care services (PCHC services. Therefore, there was a need to investigate the parents' perspective in-depth. Aim The aim of the study was to construct a theoretical model that could promote further understanding of the variety of experiences of parents of foreign origin regarding their interaction with the PCHC nurses at PCHC services. Method The study used Grounded Theory Methodology. Twenty-one parents of foreign origin in contact with PCHC servicies were interviewed. Results In our study parents were watchfully checking rapport, i.e. if they could perceive sympathy and understanding from the PCHC nurses. This was done by checking the nurse's demeanour and signs of judgement. From these interviews we created a theoretical model illustrating the interactive process between parents and PCHC nurses. Conclusion We found it to be of utmost importance for parents to be certain that it was possible to establish rapport with the PCHC nurse. If not, disruptions in the child's attendance at PCHC services could result. PCHC nurses can use the theoretical model resulting from this study as a basis for understanding parents, avoiding a demeanour and judgements that may cause misunderstandings thus promoting high-quality interaction in PCHC services.

  11. Rapport social de service, client et valeur Service-based social relationships, customers and and value Vínculo social de servicio, cliente y valor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Zarifian

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte développe une double idée. La première est que l’on peut parler de « rapport social de service », au sens plein du concept de « rapport social », en en assumant toutes les implications et en le différenciant nettement de la notion de « relation de service ». La seconde, qui découle de la première, est que l’on peut parler de « composition » entre rapports sociaux différents, non réductibles l’un à l’autre. Nous montrons ainsi qu’il existe une composition entre rapport social de service et rapport capital-travail, et que c’est à partir d’elle que l’on peut comprendre en quoi consiste le travail salarié de production de service et situer le rôle des clients, dans une perspective différente de celle issue du concept de « relation de service ».The text develops two ideas. The first is that it is possible to talk about “service-based social relationships” using the full meaning of the concept of a “social relationship” and accepting all of its implications while continuing to differentiate it from the “service relationship” construct. The second, which stems from the first, is that it is possible to talk about a “composition” based on different social relationships that cannot be reduced to one another. By so doing, what becomes apparent is that a composition does exist between a service-based social relationship and the capital-labour nexus. This is instructive as regards service production employment and situates customers’ roles in a different framework than one grounded in a “service relationship” construct.En este texto se desarrolla una idea con dos aspectos. El primero es que se puede hablar de “vínculo social de servicio” en el sentido pleno del concepto de “relación social”, asumiendo todas las implicaciones de dicho concepto y diferenciándolo claramente de la noción de “relación de servicio”. El segundo aspecto, que se deriva del primero, es que

  12. The Analytical Techniques Used for the Determination of Metallic Elements in Crude Oils and by-Products. A Review Les méthodes analytiques utilisées pour la détermination d'éléments métalliques dans les pétroles bruts et leurs dérivés. Synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodriguez A. R.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available A review is made of the most important analytical techniques for determining metals such as lead, iron, vanadium, nickel, copper, chromium, cobalt and sodium which are present in crude oils and by-products. Techniques such as neutron activation, atomic absorption spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence, molecular spectrophotometry and inductively coupled émission (ICP are discussed. Cet article est une synthèse bibliographique sur les méthodes analytiques les plus importantes utilisées pour la détermination d'éléments métalliques tels que le plomb, le fer, le vanadium, le nickel, le cuivre, le chrome, le cobalt et le sodium contenus dans les pétroles bruts et leur dérivés. On présente et on commente les méthodes d'activation neutronique, de spectrométrie d'absorption atomique, de fluorescence de rayons X, de spectrophotométrie moléculaire et de spectrométrie à émission de plasma inductif (ICP.

  13. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webb, Robert C. [Texas A& M University; Kamon, Teruki [Texas A& M University; Toback, David [Texas A& M University; Safonov, Alexei [Texas A& M University; Dutta, Bhaskar [Texas A& M University; Dimitri, Nanopoulos [Texas A& M University; Pope, Christopher [Texas A& M University; White, James [Texas A& M University

    2013-11-18

    Overview The High Energy Physics Group at Texas A&M University is submitting this final report for our grant number DE-FG02-95ER40917. This grant has supported our wide range of research activities for over a decade. The reports contained here summarize the latest work done by our research team. Task A (Collider Physics Program): CMS & CDF Profs. T. Kamon, A. Safonov, and D. Toback co-lead the Texas A&M (TAMU) collider program focusing on CDF and CMS experiments. Task D: Particle Physics Theory Our particle physics theory task is the combined effort of Profs. B. Dutta, D. Nanopoulos, and C. Pope. Task E (Underground Physics): LUX & NEXT Profs. R. Webb and J. White(deceased) lead the Xenon-based underground research program consisting of two main thrusts: the first, participation in the LUX two-phase xenon dark matter search experiment and the second, detector R&D primarily aimed at developing future detectors for underground physics (e.g. NEXT and LZ).

  14. SLUTEVALUERINGS-RAPPORT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte Holm; Levinsen, Karin Ellen Tweddell; Karoff, Helle Skovbjerg;

    2016-01-01

    Projektet har som kombineret udviklings- og forskningsprojekt fokus på elevers egenproduktion og elevinddragelse og har som formål at undersøge: 1. hvordan elevernes digitale egenproduktion faciliterer deres læreprocesser og kvalificerer deres faglige og tværfaglige læringsresultater 2. hvordan i...

  15. Universal lessons learned by a gastroenterologist from a deaf and mute patient: the importance of nonverbal communication and establishing patient rapport and trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappell, Mitchell S

    2009-01-01

    Deaf and mute patients may require minimal extra attention to establish trust and allay anxieties before minor medical maneuvers such as rectal examination. An extreme case is reported of the consequences from failure to accomplish this. A generally cooperative deaf and mute patient struggled and suffered a rectal tear and perforation during enema insertion that required emergency colorectal surgery; his nurse had failed to establish a trusting relationship before enema insertion. Ironically, the patient's physician had earlier easily performed digital rectal examination, a similar medical maneuver, with patient cooperation after establishing patient rapport. This report demonstrates the importance of treating individuals with disabilities like everyone else in addressing anxieties before medical maneuvers. The health care worker has the same responsibility of calming the patient, whether deaf or not; the sole difference is that communication between deaf and hearing requires greater skill and patience.

  16. Prévalence du harcèlement à l’école en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles: Rapport d’enquête

    OpenAIRE

    Galand, Benoît; Hospel, Virginie; Baudoin, Noémie

    2014-01-01

    Il existe très peu de données sur l'ampleur du harcèlement entre élèves en Belgique, et en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles (FWB) en particulier. Les études réalisées dans d'autres pays occidentaux indiquent pourtant de longue date que ce phénomène est très répandu en milieu scolaire. Le but de ce rapport est de présenter les résultats d'une enquête auprès d'élèves de la 6ème primaire à la 3ème secondaire de l'enseignement de la FWB.

  17. Le rapport B/Ca des foraminifères : un proxy pour le cycle du carbone dans l'océan

    OpenAIRE

    Coadic, Romain

    2012-01-01

    Il a été récemment montré que le rapport B/Ca des foraminifères planctoniques dépend du pH des eaux de surface, tandis que celui des foraminifères benthiques dépend de la saturation en ions carbonates des eaux de fond. Ce nouveau traceur pourrait permettre de mieux contraindre les variations du cycle océanique du carbone, en particulier lors des changements glaciaire-interglaciaires (G/IG) du Pléistocène. Les objectifs de cette thèse étaient donc (1) de développer l'analyse du B/Ca des forami...

  18. Naissances vaudoises 1993-1994: caractéristiques et facteurs de risque pour une affection chronique: rapport EDEN no 1

    OpenAIRE

    Addor Véronique; Fawer Claire-Lise; Santos-Eggimann Brigitte; Paccaud Fred; Calame André; Groupe EDEN

    1996-01-01

    Une cohorte de 6477 nouveau-nés de mères résidant dans le Canton du Vaud a été recrutée pendant une année (1993-1994) dans les 18 maternités vaudoises et celle de Châtel-St-Denis. L'objectif de l'étude EDEN (Etude du DEveloppement des Nouveau-nés) est de calculer l'incidence et la prévalence des affections chroniques de toute étiologie et pour toutes les catégories de poids de naissance, à 18 mois et à 4 ans. Ce rapport présente la méthode de l'étude et l'état de santé à la naissance. Cinq cr...

  19. Mesures de procédure spéciales et respect des droits de l'homme Rapport général

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A.E. Vervaele

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Le but du rapport général est de mener une analyse comparative des rapports nationaux en vue de présenter les processus de transformation des systèmes de justice pénale internes, en particulier du procès pénal, étant donné que des mesures procédurales spéciales sont introduites pour appréhender le terrorisme et la criminalité organisée, et de voir si cela a conduit les pays à se départir de leur propres règles fondamentales, procédures, principes et standards des droits de l’homme applicables. Partant de la prémisse qu’un système intégré de droit pénal a trois dimensions – la protection des individus (la dimension de bouclier, la mise à disposition d’instruments d’application de la loi (la dimension d’épée et les contrôles et équilibres c’est-à-dire la séparation des pouvoirs (la dimension constitutionnelle – le rapport fournit un aperçu d’ensemble des transformations corrélées, surtout dans la procédure d’enquête préliminaire, qui les ont affectées toutes les trois dans trois vagues de « guerre » (contre la drogue, le crime organisé et le terrorisme. Dans beaucoup de pays, les garanties procédurales et les principes qui protègent contre la violation du droit à un procès équitable sont considérés comme un fardeau du point de vue de l’efficacité de l’application de la loi à la criminalité grave. Ces réformes se sont traduites par une claire extension de l’état répressif et un estompement des distinctions classiques, et ne favorisent pas la primauté du droit. La focalisation sur la sécurité publique et les investigations contraignantes préventives sapent le système de justice pénale. Avec l’usage croissant du système de justice criminelle comme instrument de régulation du présent et/ou de l’avenir plutôt que de sanction d’un comportement passé, et un procès pénal dans lequel l’enquête préliminaire ne concerne pas la recherche de la v

  20. Integration of thermal photovoltaic hybrid sensors to the building. Final report july 2004. Integrated research project 6.2; Integration de capteurs hybrides photovoltaiques thermiques au bati. Rapport final juillet 2004. Projet de recherche integre 6.2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The electricity and the heat are two complementary energies necessary for the accommodation. A thermal solar installation needs the electric power for the coolant fluid flow. This research project concerns the optimization of integrated solutions to the building, providing simultaneously these two energies. This document presents the proposed researches programs: analysis of the socio-economic aspects, the physical phenomena knowledge, simulation of the behavior, experimentation, hybrid components integration, simulation of the photovoltaic modules operating and thermal simulation of an electric converter. (A.L.B.)

  1. Reinforcement of sloping banks in open cast mines: analysis of stability and dimensions from block models. Final report; Renforcement des talus de mines a ciel ouvert: analyse de stabilite et dimensionnement par models de blocs. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paquette, Y. [INERIS, Paris (France)

    1997-12-31

    Resoblok software is a powerful computing tool which allows simulation of fracturing in rock formations from actual or statistically defined data. Combined with a method of analysis of the stability of isolated blocks, it becomes a means of predicting risks of instability and enables the calculation of a suitable bolt-propping system to remedy the problem. In general the choice of a bolt-propping plan is made by analysing various possible alternatives. The criterion used is the minimisation of the numbers and size of unstable blocks, but economic considerations and complementary technical solutions (grillage and concreting) are also taken into account. The relatively simple calculation method used speeds up the analysis of stability, and permits the study of various method of bolting for various types of fracturing geometries. Application to actual situations should be carried out progressively, comparing the model results with observations and measurements in situ, as well as continuously improving knowledge of the fracturing, the mechanical characteristics and the hypotheses of the calculation.

  2. Nature and part of the sanitary arguments and negotiations about the incinerators implementations, final report; Nature et place des arguments sanitaires dans les negociations autour des implantations d'incinerateurs, rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laurans, Y.; Dubien, I.

    2000-07-01

    In the framework of the implementation of incinerators, the ADEME realized a study on the impacts of the public relations in the negotiation on the wastes management problem. The objectives of the study are a better knowledge of the conflict to better take it into account and the part of the sanitary arguments in the processes of wastes processing installations. (A.L.B.)

  3. Plant litter decomposition and carbon sequestration for arable soils. Final report of works. April 2005; Biodegradation des litieres et sequestration du carbone dans les ecosystemes cultives et perennes. Rapport final des travaux Avril 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Recous, S.; Barrois, F.; Coppens, F.; Garnier, P.; Grehan, E. [Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques (INRA), Unite d' Agronomie Laon-Reims-Mons (France); Balesdent, J. [CNRS-CEA-Univ.de la Mediterranee, UMR 6191, Lab. d' Ecologie Microbienne de la Rhizosphere, 13 - Saint Paul lez Durance (France); Dambrine, E.; Zeller, B. [Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques (INRA), Unite Biogeochimie des Ecosystemes Forestiers, 54 - Nancy (France); Loiseau, P.; Personeni, E. [Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques (INRA), Unite d' Agronomie, 63 - Clermont-Ferrand (France)

    2002-07-01

    The general objective of this project was to contribute to the evaluation of land use and management impacts on C sequestration and nitrogen dynamics in soils. The land used through the presence/absence of crops and their species, and the land management through tillage, localisation of crop residues, fertilizer applications,... are important factors that affect the dynamics of organic matters in soils, particularly the mineralization of C and N, the losses to the atmosphere and hydrosphere, the retention of carbon into the soil. This project was conducted by four research groups, three of them having expertise in nutrient cycling of three major agro-ecosystems (arable crops, grasslands, forests) and the fourth one having expertise in modelling long term effects of land use on C storage into the soils. Within this common project one major objective was to better understand the fate of plant litter entering the soil either as above litter or as root litter. The focus was put on two factors that particularly affect decomposition: the initial biochemical quality of plant litter, and the location of the decomposing litter. One innovative aspect of the project was the use of stable isotope as {sup 13}C for carbon, based on the use of enriched or depleted {sup 13}C material, the only option to assess the dynamics of 'new' C entering the soil on the short term, in order to reveal the effects of decomposition factors. Another aspect was the simultaneous study of C and N. The project consisted in experiments relevant for each agro-ecosystem, in forest, grassland and arable soils for which interactions between residue quality and nitrogen availability on the one hand, residue quality and location on the other hand, was investigated. A common experiment was set up to investigate the potential degradability of the various residue used (beech leaf rape straw, young rye, Lolium and dactylic roots) in a their original soils and in a single soil was assessed. Based on these experiments, the Roth-C model of Coleman and Jenkinson (1996) was used to simulate the short term evolution of residual C, biomass C. A new parametrization based on biochemical composition of residues was proposed. (authors)

  4. Hydrogen production by renewable energies. Final report of the integrated research program 4.1; Production d'hydrogene par des energies renouvelables. Rapport final du programme de recherche integree 4.1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The aim of this PRI is to study and to develop methods of hydrogen production based on the renewable energies, without greenhouse gases emission in order to implement clean processes in the framework of a sustainable development. Two approaches are proposed. The first one uses microorganisms in condition of hydrogen production (micro-algae). The second one is based on the bio-mimetism approaches aiming to reproduce artificially the biological mechanisms of the photosynthesis leading to water decomposition. (A.L.B.)

  5. Hydrogen production by solar energy. Final report of the integrated project HYSOL (2002-2004); Production d'hydrogene par energie solaire. Rapport Final du Projet Integre HYSOL (2002-2004)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flamant, G.

    2004-07-01

    The HYSOL project aims to study three thermal processes using the solar energy at temperatures of more than 1000 C: hydrocarbons cracking, non catalytic reforming at high temperature and water decomposition by thermal-chemical cycles. This report presents the HYSOL project and the main results and gives a special part to the methane cracking. (A.L.B.)

  6. PRI 3.1: Electrolyte membrane fuel cells (Co-PACEM), final report (july 2002 to june 2004); PRI 3.1: Coeurs de piles a combustible a electrolyte membrane (Co-PACEM), rapport final (juillet 2002 a juin 2004)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamy, C.

    2004-07-01

    The researches realized in the PRI Co-PACEM aim to improve the operating of the core of the electrolyte membrane fuel cells, at low temperature in order to minimize the high voltage of the electro-chemical reactions, to decrease the cost of the membrane, to improve the properties (conductivity, mechanical and thermal stability...) and to optimize the transport of heat and reactive. The document presents the research programs. (A.L.B.)

  7. Biologie 200. French Immersion Program and Franco-Manitoban Schools. Manitoba Science Assessment 1992. Final Report = Biologie 200. Programme d'immersion francaise et ecoles franco-manitobaines. Evaluation en sciences Manitoba 1992. Rapport final.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg. Curriculum Services Branch.

    This report describes the June 1992 assessment of the Biologie 200 curriculum in schools in Manitoba, Canada. It contains a description and analysis of the test results and the teacher survey. The report also includes recommendations on ways to improve the Biologie 200 curriculum and how it is taught in the French Immersion program and…

  8. Quantification of the greenhouse effect gases at the territorial scale. Final report; Quantification des emissions de gaz a effet de serre a l'echelle territoriale. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magnin, G.; Lacassagne, S

    2003-07-01

    An efficient action against the greenhouse effect needs the implication of the local collectivities. To implement appropriate energy policies, deciders need information and tools to quantify the greenhouse gases and evaluate the obtained results of their greenhouse gases reduction policies. This study is a feasibility study of the tools realization, adapted to the french context. It was done in three steps: analysis of the existing tools, application to the french context and elaboration of the requirements of appropriate tools. This report presents the study methodology, the information analysis and the conclusions. (A.L.B.)

  9. Program GICC - AQUABIO. Possible consequences of the climatic change on the aquatic and river french biocenoses. Final report; Programme GICC - AQUABIO. Consequences potentielles du changement climatique sur les biocenoses aquatiques et riveraines francaises. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pont, D. [Lyon-1 Univ., CNRS UMR 5023, Ecologie des Hydrosystemes Fluviaux, 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

    2003-11-15

    The consequences of the climatic change can modify the ecosystems. The aim of this research program is to analyze the impacts of the climatic change on the propagation of the exotic species in France in aquatic and river environment, the population of macro invertebrates and fishes in the french rivers and the socio economic challenges. The methodology is based on the simulation from the exploitation of great data bases and the combination of many approaches at different scales. (A.L.B.)

  10. Mécanismes, cinétique et catalyse de la liquéfaction du charbon par hydrogénation sous pression. Synthèse bibliographique. Première partie Mechanisms, Kinetics and Catalysis of Coal Liquefaction by Hydrogenation under Pressure. Bibliographic Synthesis. Part One

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres-Besson M.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Parmi les sources d'énergie et de matières premières capables de se substituer au pétrole et au gaz naturel, le charbon figure en bonne place. Les procédés de transformation du charbon en liquides et gaz sont nombreux, parmi lesquels l'hydroliquéfaction. Cette revue est un examen bibliographique des études fondamentales relatives à l'hydroliquéfaction. Les mécanismes généraux de l'hydroliquéfaction sont passés en revue: dissolution physique du charbon, formation de radicaux libres par rupture thermique des liaisons faibles, conversion de composés modèles possédant les groupements fonctionnels présents dans le charbon et pouvant servir de point de départ pour la rupture, stabilisation de ces radicaux par l'hydrogène provenant soit des composés hydroaromatiques de l'huile de recyclage, soit du charbon lui-même. Les méthodes de séparation et de caractérisation des produits de liquéfaction sont décrites, ainsi que les nombreux modèles cinétiques proposés. La nature des matières minérales et leur rôle catalytique sont décrits. Les catalyseurs ajoutés (hétérogènes, sels fondus ou homogènes sont cités et leurs effets sont étudiés, en particulier l'action favorable des sulfures de fer et des catalyseurs à l'étain. L'effet promoteur de H2S pour la liquéfaction et les causes possibles de désactivation des catalyseurs sont cités. Among sources of energy and raw materials capable of being used in place of oil and natural gas, coal is in a good position. There are many processes for transforming coal into liquids and gas. One of them is hydroliquefaction. This article is a bibliographic review of fundamental research concerning hydroliquefaction. The general mechanisms of hydroliquefaction are reviewed, i. e. the physical dissolution of coal, the formation of free radicals by the thermal breaking of weak bonds, the conversion of model compounds containing the same functional groups as the ones present in coal

  11. Caractérisation des phénomènes d'auto-floculation, de bio-floculation et de co-floculation des microalgues dans un chenal algal à haut rendement (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baya, DT.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Auto-flocculation, bio-flocculation and co-flocculation of microalgae. A review. Recovery of microalgae is one of the main technological and economic concerns in a High Rate Algal Pond because of the small size, the negative surface charges and the low density of these microalgae. Usual recovery techniques (e.g. centrifugation carry prohibitive energy costs with respect to the final value of products. Moreover, efficient recovery techniques (i.e., those that are natural, sustainable and low cost are of great interest in waste water treatment processes. In this article, a literature review is conducted in order to identify the theories and mechanisms of three methods used for microalgae recovery (i.e. auto-flocculation, bio-flocculation and co-flocculation, and the characterization of physico-chemical conditions necessary for their implementation. This review could advance the current knowledge regarding some of the processes discussed in the literature and provide a basis for the optimal management of reactors in order to achieve efficient results using these methods.

  12. Evaluation des risques sanitaires dans les analyses de zone : utilité, lignes méthodologiques et interprétation. Rapport de la Commission spécialisée Risques liés à l’environnement

    OpenAIRE

    DOR, F; ANDRIEU-SEMMEL, M; Boudet, C.; Chiron, M.; COQUET, S; GALLAND, J.P.; Henry, E.; Hery, M; Pascal, L; Le Moullec, Y; Mounier, S.; ORMSBY, J.N.; RINGEARD, C; Wallet, F.; ZMIROU-NAVIER, D

    2010-01-01

    Le HCSP a mis en place un groupe de travail pluridisciplinaire regroupant des experts de différentes institutions qui se sont appuyés, pour alimenter leur travail d'expertise, sur : (1) des auditions de personnalités extérieures ayant été impliquées dans une ERS-Z ; (2) la présentation de travaux spécifiques et méthodologiques sur les ERS-Z et sur l'implication des parties prenantes dans d'autres études ; (3) un séminaire international organisé par le HCSP ; (4) une étude bibliographique sur ...

  13. L'utilisation de l'hydrolyse enzymatique pour la production de nanocellulose dans une stratégie de bioraffinage forestier intégré (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bombeck, PL.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Enzymatic hydrolysis to produce nanocellulose in an integrated forest biorefinery strategy. A review. Introduction. In a world that seeks to break free from petrochemicals, the concept of forest biomass biorefinery is increasingly being studied as a way to maximize the value of the components of this biomass. Due to the high added value expected when transforming cellulose fibers into nanocellulose, this technology is highly attractive to the pulp and paper industrial world. Literature. The concept of integrated forest biorefinery is to adapt existing pulp mills so as to maximize the value of the co-products. Through the use of various methods, two types of nanocellulose may be obtained from the cellulose in the pulp. Due to its production of valuable byproducts, enzymatic hydrolysis is an interesting method to use for this purpose, but it must be combined with mechanical post-treatments. The production of nanocellulose from chemical pulp takes place in the final step of pulp production, and could be implemented without modifying the existing mills. The economic viability of this mode of production and the potential market size are the subject of recent studies that appear encouraging. Conclusions. Nanocellulose is a promising biomaterial whose field of application continues to grow. Cellulose in wood pulp can be used as a raw material for the production of nanocellulose using enzymatic pre-treatments that generate valuable co-products. This process can be integrated into a conventional chemical pulp mill and constitutes a broadening of the products available to the pulp and paper industry.

  14. L’amitié dans la relation ethnographique. Traitement de l’individu et rapport à l’autre dans les groupes locaux de Hijra (Delhi, Inde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Novello

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available L’amitié dans la relation ethnographique. Traitement de l’individu et rapport à l’autre dans les groupes locaux de Hijra (Delhi, Inde. « Tu es mon amie. Tu es la seule qui me comprenne. » Ces mots, toujours les mêmes, sont revenus sans cesse lors de l’enquête ethnographique que j’ai menée auprès des Hijra de Delhi. Les Hijra forment une catégorie sociale panindienne. Elles sont nées biologiquement hommes ou hermaphrodites, s’habillent et se parent continuellement comme des femmes et, parfois, sont émasculées. Les ethnologues parlent parfois de leur relation avec leurs informateurs en terme d’amitié sans que cette relation soit exprimée et pensée comme telle par ces derniers. Qu’en est-il lorsque la société étudiée désigne l’ethnologue en tant qu’ami et lorsque cette désignation transforme la nature des rapports qu’elle entretenait auparavant avec lui ? L’étude de l’amitié que les Hijra me proposèrent fournira, en premier lieu, un exemple de la façon dont l’ethnologue peut se trouver engagé dans ce rapport affectif. Il s’agira de qualifier cette relation ethnographique par la description du processus d’évolution de mon rôle d’une part, et par l’examen des comportements et des pratiques qui la sanctionnent et qui y sont engagés d’autre part. Cette réflexion sur les représentations et les valeurs auxquelles mes interlocutrices faisaient référence en me conférant la place d’amie, informera en second lieu sur le traitement de l’individu et de l’altérité prévalant dans la catégorie sociale « Hijra ».Friendship in ethnographical relations. Treatment of the individual and relation to the other in local groups of Hijra (Delhi, India. “You are my friend. You are the only person who understands me.” These words, always the same, were endlessly repeated during my ethnographical survey of the Hijra of Delhi. The Hijra form a pan-Indian social category. Born

  15. Etude comparative des formes de discours rapportés dans des contes des origines chez des scripteurs français et brésiliens (7–8 ans : premiers résultats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boré Catherine

    2015-01-01

    Les résultats montrent que, sur les trois productions, les élèves brésiliens écrivent des textes plus longs et qui comportent plus de discours rapporté que les élèves français, mais que l'écart en nombre de mots se resserre quand on n'envisage que les textes comportant du discours rapporté. Significativement, la troisième production à thème imposé marque une augmentation des discours rapportés dans les deux pays avec une similitude dans les constructions. Plus généralement, le lexique des verbes introducteurs est identique pour la moitié de ses occurrences. Ces résultats pointent de nombreuses questions liées aux priorités d'enseignement notamment de la grammaire dans la culture didactique des deux pays.

  16. The Meielsgrund and Turbach small hydro power stations in Saanen, Switzerland; PCH du Meielsgrund et PCH de Turbach - Rapports finaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cavin, G. [Stucky SA, Renens (Switzerland); Wagner, T. [Sigmaplan, Berne (Switzerland)

    2009-12-15

    These four final illustrated reports for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) deal with various aspects of two small hydro projects on two affluents of the river Saane in Switzerland. The first report presents two variants for the enhancement of the existing Meielsgrund installation as well as a new, parallel installation. The catchment area involved, available head, residual water quantities, installed power and annual production figures are discussed. Investments, operating costs and financial viability are also looked at. The second report describes the project and discusses regional planning aspects, hydrological basics and environmental issues in connection with the renewal project, including details on invertebrates found in the stream and their relevance to fishing and nature protection issues. The third and fourth reports concern the Turbach small hydro installation. The topics discussed in these two reports are basically similar to those considered for the Meielsgrund installation.

  17. Sapientiam sine eloquentia prodesse non est dubium: the rapport of wisdom and eloquence in the work of Isidore of Seville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Marey

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The works of Isidore of Seville reveal several levels of knowledge. The fi rst and the highest is wisdom (sapientia, which according to Isidore, is knowledge of divine things. This wisdom will most definitely lead the initiate to salvation and the Kingdom of Heaven. But the specific quality of wisdom is interpreted by Isidore in diff erent ways according to his various works. In those works which possess an encyclopedic character («Etymologies» and the first book of «Differences», wisdom involves an understanding of how the world and the whole of the cosmos are organised. A wise man is able to comprehend the causes of both the visible and the heavenly world. On the contrary, a person’s rationality (prudentia is oriented towards worldly and secular things. It aims at distinguishing between good and evil and how best to arrange one’s own life and final destiny. Rationality is connected with knowledge (scientia, which is bookish learning, and which Isidore treats as a part of philosophy. At the same time, rationality and knowledge act as instruments for the gaining of wisdom (sapientia. Thus wisdom is linked also with the art of speaking well (eloquentia. In his works meant for a clerical readership, particularly the second book of the «Differences» and the «Sentences», wisdom is opposed to vain mundane knowledge. In these works Isidore affirms that mere eloquence is alien to wisdom and that true wisdom is to be cherished precisely because of its lack of pretention. In the context of these works, wisdom is geared only to the living of a devout life and towards the final aim of the salvation of one’s soul. The differences in the interpretation of the word sapientia can be easily explained by the differences in literary genre among the various works as well as by the readers for whom the various works were intended by the author.

  18. Revue bibliographique : les lipoxygénases du soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Marlier

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A review : soybean lipoxygenases. In this review, the authors take stock of the current knowledge in the arec of soybean lipoxygenases. They focus on the comprehension of reactional mechanisms (substrates, inhibitors, active site, etc.. Physiological functions and uses of the enzyme in the food industry and in biotechnology are also considered.

  19. [Northern Pipeline Agency] annual report, 1991-1992. [Administration du pipe-line du Nord] rapport annuel, 1991-1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-01-01

    The Northern Pipeline Agency was established to facilitate the efficient and expeditious planning and construction of the Alaska Highway Gas pipeline in a manner consistent with the best interest of Canada. This report reviews the project and outlines developments that will affect operations of the pre-build and planning for second-stage construction of the pipeline. Financial statements for the Agency are also included. During 1991-92, plans for substantially expanding the capacity of the western and eastern legs of the pipeline to transport increased exports of Canadian natural gas to western and mid-western US markets continued to move forward. Plans for providing market access to US reserves at Prudhoe bay in Alaska, Canadian reserves in the Mackenzie Delta, and the reserves of both countries offshore in the Beaufort Sea remained in abeyance pending a strengthening in total US demand and a significant increase in prices. Final approval was given to a proposed expansion of the western leg to accomodate an increase in design capacity to more than 25.9 million cubic meters per day by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The issue of procurement for the pipeline remained a matter of controversy between Canadian and US authorities. 1 fig.

  20. Le butin de guerre et la tunique de Nessus: traduire le rapport au français chez Malika Mokeddem et Assia Djebar.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Désirée Schyns

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2009v2n24p31Cet article développe le point de vue du traducteur qui veut rendre les aspects de multilinguisme dans les textes dits postcoloniaux. En l’occurrence il s’agit de deux auteurs de la diaspora algérienne vivant dans le pays de l’ancien colonisateur. Nous approchons le multilinguisme, ou l’hybridité, à l’aide du concept de l’étranger selon Ricoeur et démontrons que “ l’étrangeté ” dans deux textes de Mokeddem et Djebar, est liée à un rapport spécifique à la langue française qui découle de la colonisation. Sujet qu’elles thématisent elles-mêmes. La traduction littéraire en néerlandais de quelques fragments pris dans N’zid (2001 de Mokeddem et de L’amour la fantasia (1985 de Djebar, sera évoquée pour mieux comprendre et analyser la forme (métaphores, jeu de mots, choix de mots que les auteurs ont choisie pour exprimer leur relation à la langue française. Cette relation sera analysée en réfléchissant à la traduction de termes ou d’expressions complexes et polysémiques souvent forgés par les auteurs elles-mêmes.

  1. DGEMP-OE (2008) Energy Baseline Scenario. Synthesis report; Scenario energetique de reference DGEMP-OE(2008). Rapport de synthese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    ;reference' at national level. - Finally, the MEDEE energy demand model applied in the CAS scenarios relies primarily on 2000 data, despite the existence of sufficiently complete statistics through to 2005. The DGEMP on the other hand used a study by the BIPE (Office for Economic Information and Forecasting) provided by the SESP, the Ministry for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning's economic statistics and forecasting department. On the basis of the study's macro-economic projections of the French economy to 2020, the DGEMP was able to re-evaluate the prospects for activity in the industrial and tertiary sectors. In several respects (e.g. supply security, CO{sub 2} emissions, energy efficiency), the baseline scenario proposed here is clearly not a scenario conducive to satisfying French energy policy objectives. This is not a surprising conclusion in that it implies the need to implement new policies and measures in addition to those already in place or approved. In particular, this scenario would lead to importing 66 billion cubic meters of gas (59 Mtoe) in 2020 and 78 billion cubic meters (70 Mtoe) in 2030, compared with the present 44 billion cubic meters. In addition to the resulting CO{sub 2} emissions, the near doubling of gas imports would pose a twofold problem as to the geographic origin of the gas imported (under appropriate supply contracts) and the infrastructure (LNG terminals, gas pipelines) required to transport it. Finally, the baseline scenario is of course a long way from achieving the Community targets, whether for CO{sub 2} emissions, projected to rise continually until 2020 and then even faster until 2030 (due to transport and electric power generation), or for the share of renewable energy in the energy mix. In that regard, the share of renewable energy in 'enlarged' final energy consumption, as it is described in the 'energy and climate change package', would grow to 13.4% in 2020 (versus 23% in the

  2. DGEMP-OE (2008) Energy Baseline Scenario. Synthesis report; Scenario energetique de reference DGEMP-OE(2008). Rapport de synthese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    ;reference' at national level. - Finally, the MEDEE energy demand model applied in the CAS scenarios relies primarily on 2000 data, despite the existence of sufficiently complete statistics through to 2005. The DGEMP on the other hand used a study by the BIPE (Office for Economic Information and Forecasting) provided by the SESP, the Ministry for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning's economic statistics and forecasting department. On the basis of the study's macro-economic projections of the French economy to 2020, the DGEMP was able to re-evaluate the prospects for activity in the industrial and tertiary sectors. In several respects (e.g. supply security, CO{sub 2} emissions, energy efficiency), the baseline scenario proposed here is clearly not a scenario conducive to satisfying French energy policy objectives. This is not a surprising conclusion in that it implies the need to implement new policies and measures in addition to those already in place or approved. In particular, this scenario would lead to importing 66 billion cubic meters of gas (59 Mtoe) in 2020 and 78 billion cubic meters (70 Mtoe) in 2030, compared with the present 44 billion cubic meters. In addition to the resulting CO{sub 2} emissions, the near doubling of gas imports would pose a twofold problem as to the geographic origin of the gas imported (under appropriate supply contracts) and the infrastructure (LNG terminals, gas pipelines) required to transport it. Finally, the baseline scenario is of course a long way from achieving the Community targets, whether for CO{sub 2} emissions, projected to rise continually until 2020 and then even faster until 2030 (due to transport and electric power generation), or for the share of renewable energy in the energy mix. In that regard, the share of renewable energy in 'enlarged' final energy consumption, as it is described in the 'energy and climate change package', would grow to 13.4% in 2020 (versus 23% in the

  3. Les théories de l’accessibilité référentielle et la résolution des rapports anaphoriques ambigus au sein des textes classiques

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Arbia, Achraf

    2016-01-01

    Dans cet article, au regard de l’approche textuelle et de son insuffisance lors de la résolution des rapports anaphoriques ambigus au sein des textes classiques, nous allons essayer d’appliquer d’autres approches modernes, à la fois syntaxiques et cognitives, qui s’avèreront appropriées lors du rattachement référentiel de l’expression anaphorique pronominale à son propre antécédent. Autrement dit, il sera question de passer en revue trois approches fondamentales, présentées respectivement par...

  4. A.C.R.O. activity report 2004; A.C.R.O. rapport d'activite 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    associate strictly all those who wish to appropriate the knowledge of the radioactivity levels 'around them'. With R.I.V.I.E.R.E, the citizen is at the same moment an author and an actor of the surveillance of his environment as his information, a initiative which we defend for a long time. Finally, on the sector of the training, the itinerant operation led this year within the framework of the 'feast of the science', has allowed to introduce 800 young people of our region to the radioactivity measure in our mobile 'laboratory', but also to make sensitive the general public in the surveillance citizen of environment. (N.C.)

  5. Influence of Clays on Borehole Stability : a Literature Survey Part One: Occurence of Drilling Problems. Physico-Chemical Description of Clays and of Their Interaction with Fluids Influence des argiles sur la stabilité des parois de puits : revue bibliographique. Première partie : les problèmes rencontrés lors du forage dans les argiles. Description physico-chimique des argiles et de leur interaction avec les fluides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forsans T.

    2006-11-01

    synergistic effort of both rock mechanics and physico-chemistry, hence the STAR program. The second section is devoted to a survey of physico-chemical reactions between clays and water. It begins with some definitions of the clays as solids, from the rock to the atomic level. All clays are characterised by their small size, in the range of 1 µm, and thus, their high surface area : from one to several hundred M²/g. Existence of a layer charge, and of compensating cations is the key of the behaviour of the swelling clays (i. e. smectites versus water, pure or with cations, which deserve particular attention. Description of the various kinds of water associated, more or less energetically, with clays, as a function of relative humidity RH, or water activity a index (w, helps to distinguish their effect on porosity and texture. Hydration and dehydration behaviour, with a particular hysteresis, is described, in solid-gas systems as well as in solid-liquid, closer to field conditions. Two main domains are distinguished : crystalline swelling, up to a water content of circa 50 vol. -%, inducing swelling pressures in the range of several thousand atmospheres, and osmotic swelling, for higher water contents, inducing pressures in the range of several atmospheres. Influence of nature and amount of cations is examined, mainly for calcium, which induces limited swelling, and for potassium which is both less hydratable and proner to irreversible fixation on clay. Little work has already been performed on the influence of temperature and pressure. Mechanisms of water and/or ionic species transport are reviewed: diffusion and osmosis, without applied pressure, and effect of pressure. Behaviour on compaction, always showing hysteresis, depends on the nature of the clays, and of the cations, but also on the composition of the solution. It is described using suction pressures or mechanical stresses, which induce different properties of the final solid. Experiments in soil literature

  6. Cassini's Grand Finale: The Final Orbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spilker, Linda; Edgington, Scott

    2016-04-01

    The Cassini-Huygens mission, a joint collaboration between NASA, ESA and the Italian Space Agency, is approaching its last year of operations after nearly 12 years in orbit around Saturn. Cassini will send back its final bits of unique data on September 15th, 2017 as it plunges into Saturn's atmosphere, vaporizing and satisfying planetary protection requirements. Before that time Cassini will continue its legacy of exploration and discovery with 12 close flybys of Titan in 2016 and 2017 that will return new science data as well as sculpt the inclinations and periods of the final orbits. Even though all of our close icy satellite flybys, including those of Enceladus, are now completed, numerous Voyager-class flybys (summer solstice approaches. In November 2016 Cassini will transition to a series of orbits with peripases just outside Saturn's F ring. These 20 orbits will include close flybys of some tiny ring moons and excellent views of the F ring and outer A ring. The 126th and final close flyby of Titan will propel Cassini across Saturn's main rings and into its final orbits. Cassini's Grand Finale, starting in April 2017, is comprised of 22 orbits at an inclination of 63 degrees. Cassini will repeatedly dive between the innermost rings and the upper atmosphere of the planet providing insights into fundamental questions unattainable during the rest of the mission. Cassini will be the first spacecraft to explore this region. These close orbits provide the highest resolution observations of both the rings and Saturn, and direct in situ sampling of the ring particles, composition, plasma, Saturn's exosphere and the innermost radiation belts. Saturn's gravitational field will be measured to unprecedented accuracy, providing information on the interior structure of the planet, winds in the outer layers of Saturn's atmosphere, and the mass distribution in the rings. Probing the magnetic field will give insight into the nature of the magnetic dynamo, telling us: why the

  7. The effect of expressive and instrumental touch on the behavior states of older adults with late-stage dementia of the Alzheimer's type and on music therapist's perceived rapport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belgrave, Melita

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of music therapy interventions utilizing two types of touch, expressive touch and instrumental touch, on the behavior states of older adults who have late-stage dementia of the Alzheimer's type. A secondary purpose of this study was to examine the perceived effectiveness of the music therapist when expressive and instrumental touch was employed during music therapy sessions. A within-subject design was used with 9 participants receiving 3 sessions in each of the experimental conditions: no touch, expressive touch, and instrumental touch. Results of a one-way ANOVA revealed that expressive touch was significantly more effective during the initial session in eliciting and maintaining alert behavior states than the instrumental and control conditions; however, there were no significant differences between the experimental and control conditions during the first and second session repetitions. Rapport ratings revealed that the therapist's client rapport was perceived to be significantly higher during both the expressive touch and instrumental touch conditions than during the control condition. These findings have important implications for music therapy practice and the effective use of nonverbal communication. PMID:19463031

  8. « Repenser la géographie économique ». Les arrangements du rapport de la Banque Mondiale avec les sciences géographiques urbaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamala Marius-Gnanou

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une contribution au débat suscité par la publication du rapport annuel sur le développement dans le Monde 2009 de la Banque mondiale intitulé Repenser la géographie économique. Il recense et évalue les choix des séries de données en matière d’urbanisation et la manière dont ces mesures géographiques sont employées pour soutenir un plaidoyer en faveur de la concentration démographique et économique. Il souligne la difficulté mal contournée de travailler avec des données urbaines étatiques non harmonisées ; évalue les limites de l’harmonisation proposée ; et propose une mesure alternative de l’urbanisation du monde qui permet de souligner les biais du rapport de la Banque, notamment la surestimation de la métropolisation et l’ignorance de la micro-urbanisation bourgeonnante.

  9. Dianalund KiD-rapport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anders Elof

    2006-01-01

    Formålet med projektet i Dianalund er at fremme en udvikling af de 0-6 årige i kommunens dagtilbud og institutioner, med særligt fokus på børns egne læringskanaler og læringsstrategier: at erfare, erkende og opleve sig selv og verden gennem sproget og kroppen. Derudover at skabe en fælles forståe...

  10. Rapport. Play and Learn Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Maria Neumann; Søgaard, Karoline

    Erfaringer og anbefalinger fra innovationsprojektet Play and Learn, hvor pædagoger har arbejdet med sprogstimulering af børn fra 3-9 år. Legende læring i daglige rutiner og pædagogiske aktiviteter har været fokuspunktet.......Erfaringer og anbefalinger fra innovationsprojektet Play and Learn, hvor pædagoger har arbejdet med sprogstimulering af børn fra 3-9 år. Legende læring i daglige rutiner og pædagogiske aktiviteter har været fokuspunktet....

  11. Segnalazioni/Informes/Rapports/Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Monegato

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ana Forcinito, Los umbrales del testimonio. Entre narraciones de los sobrevivientes y las señas de la posdictadura, Madrid/Frankfurt am Main, Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2012, 179 pp. ISBN 978-84-8489-696-8Andrea Pezzè e Loris Tassi (eds., Cinema e Letteratura in ambito iberico e iberoamericano: Giornata di Studi in omaggio al Prof. Vito Galeota, Salerno, Edizioni Arcoiris, 2010, 146 pp. ISBN 978-88-96583-19-7Chris Cleave, Gold, London, Sceptre, 2012, 366 pp. ISBN 978-0-340-96344-9Chris Cook (ed., The Routledge Guide to European Political Archives. Sources Since 1945 , London, Routledge, 2011, 480 pp. ISBN 078-0-415-46475-8Cristina Giorcelli ed Ettore Finazzi-Agró (eds., Metamorfosi. Continuità e discontinuità nelle Culture Americane, Napoli, Loffredo Editore, 2011, 428 pp. ISBN 978-8-87564-550-2Daniel Mesa Gancedo (ed., Novísima Relación. Narrativa amerispánica actual. Estudio, selección y materiales complementarios, Zaragoza, Letra Última, 2012, 343 pp. ISBN 978-84-9911-185-8Darío Jaramillo Agudelo (ed., Antología de crónica latinoamericana actual, Madrid, Alfaguara, 2012, 650 pp. ISBN 978-84-204-0895-8Edilberto Jiménez Quispe, Chungui. Violencia y trazos de memoria, Lima, IEP, COMISEDH, DED-ZFD, 2009, 417 pp. ISBN 978-9972-51-248-3Ester Gendusa, Asimmetrie di genere e di razza in The Grass is Singing di Doris Lessing, Roma, Aracne Editrice, 2011, 204pp. ISBN 978-88-548-3898-7Janett Reinstädler, ed., Escribir después de la dictadura. La producción literaria y cultural en las posdictaduras de Europa e Hispanoamérica, Madrid/Frankfurt am Main, Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2011, 372 pp. ISBN 978-84-8489-619-7John Aberth, An Environmental History of the Middle Ages. The War for Nature, London, Routledge, 2011, 192 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-77946-3John Stevenson (ed., English Historical Documents. 1914-1957, London, Routledge, 2012, 928 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-47603-4Jorge Carrión (ed., Mejor que ficción. Crónicas ejemplares, Barcelona, Anagrama, 2012, 434 pp. ISBN 978-84-339-2597-8José “Cheche” Campos Dávila, Ajum decía mi abuela , Lima, Editorial San Marcos, 2011, 199 pp. ISBN 978-612-302-676-9Joseph Gelfer (ed., 2012 Decoding the Countercultural Apocalypse, Oakville and Sheffield, Equinox Publishing Ltd, 2011, 203 pp ISBN 978-1-84553-639-8Juan Pablo Sutherland, Cielo dandi. Escrituras y poéticas de estilo en América latina, Buenos Aires, Eterna Cadencia, 2011, 284 pp. ISBN 978-987-1673-46-9Luigi Cimmino, Daniele Dottorini, Giorgio Pangaro, Dal cuore di tenebra all'Apocalisse. Francis Ford Coppola legge Joseph Conrad, Soveria Mannelli, Rubbettino Editore, 2011, 205 pp. ISBN 978-884-982-907-5Mariacristina Cavecchi, Cerchi e cicli: sulle forme della memoria in Ulisse, Piccola Biblioteca Joyciana, Roma, Bulzoni, 2012, 96 pp. ISBN 978-88-7870-723-8Mauro Giori (ed., Poetica e prassi della trasgressione in Luchino Visconti. 1935-1962 , Milano, Lampi di stampa, 2011, 346 pp. ISBN 978-88-488-1277-1Michela Bassanelli e Gennaro Postiglione (eds., The Atlantikwall As Military Archeological Landscape / L’Atlantikwall come paesaggio di archeologia militare , Siracusa, LetteraVentidue, 2011, 207 pp. ISBN 978-88-6242-041-9Neil Campbell e Alasdair Kean (eds., American Cultural Studies. An Introduction to American Culture , London, Routledge, 2011, 376 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-59871-2Silvia Antosa (ed., Queer Crossings. Theories, Bodies, Texts , Milano Mimesis, 2012, 195 pp. ISBN 978-885-750-939-6Silvia Antosa, Crossing Boundaries: Bodily Paradigms in Jeanette Winterson's Fiction . 1985-2000 , Roma, Aracne, 2008, 224 pp. ISBN 978-885-481-682-4Silvia Gianni, Tendenze della critica letteraria e narrativa centroamericana degli ultimi anni , Roma, Aracne editrice, 2011, 361 pp. ISBN 978-88-548-4027-0Silvia Ross, Tuscan Spaces. Literary Contstructions of Place, Toronto/Buffalo/London, University of Toronto Press, 2010, 224 pp. ISBN 978-1-4426-3998-0Valentina Agostinis, Londra chiama. Otto scrittori raccontano la loro metropoli, Milano, Il Saggiatore, 2010, 219 pp. ISBN 978-884-281-612-6Zuleica Romay Guerra, Elogio de la altea o las paradojas de la racialidad, L’Avana , Fondo Editorial Casa de las Américas, 2012, 307 pp. ISBN 978-959-260-371-4

  12. Segnalazioni/Informes/Rapports/Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Monegato

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available di Elisa Cairati, Paolo Caponi, Emanuele Monegato, Anna Pasolini Amy Stewart, Wicked Plants, London, Timber Press, 2010, 236 pp. ISBN 978-160-469-127-6Andrea Corrado e Igor Mariottini, Cinema e autori sulle tracce delle migrazioni, Roma, Ediesse, 2013, 155 pp. ISBN 978-882-301-625-5Carlos Busqued, Sotto questo sole tremendo, Roma, Atmosphere libri, 2012, 141 pp. ISBN 978-88-6564-032-6Doménico Chiappe, Tan real como la ficción (Herramientas narrativas en periodismo, Barcelona, Editorial Laertes, 2010, 197 pp. ISBN 978-84-7584-704-7Eduardo Huarag Álvarez, La cultura oral en la narrativa hispanoamericana, Lima, Editorial San Marcos, 2011, 293 pp. ISBN 978-612-302-537-3Eduardo L. Holmberg, Le ossa, Salerno, Edizioni Arcoiris, 2012, 114 pp. ISBN 978-88-96583-28-9Guido Bonsaver, Mussolini censore. Storie di letteratura, dissenso e ipocrisia, Bari, Laterza, 2013, 230 pp. ISBN 9788858106624Leila Guerriero, Frutos extraños (crónicas reunidas 2001-2008, Madrid, Alfaguara, 2009, 400 pp. ISBN 978-84-204-0371-7Marco Di Domenico, Italiani Pericolosi, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2012, 254 pp. ISBN 978-883-392-335-2Margo Lanagan, Tender Morsels, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2008, 464 pp. ISBN 978-0-375-84305-1María Caballero Wangüemert, Las trampas de la emancipación. Literatura femenina y mundo hispánico, Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva/Minerva, 2012, 363 pp. ISBN 978-84-9940-529-2Maria Cristina Paganoni, Representing the City. Linguistic Perspectives,Discursive Strategies and Multimodality in City Branding, Bergamo, Lubrina Editore, 2012, 148 pp. ISBN 978 88 7766 464 8Michael Denning, Cover Stories. Narrative and Ideology in the British Spy Thriller, London, Routledge, 1987, 168 pp. ISBN 0-7100-9642-9; John G. Cawelti, Bruce A. Rosenberg, The Spy Story, Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press, 1987, 270 pp. ISBN 0-226- 09868-0Nicoletta Vallorani, Millennium London. Of Other Spaces and the Metropolis, Milano/Udine, Mimesis, 2012, 116 pp. ISBN 978-88-5751-339-3Norberto Luis Romero, Istantanee d'inquietudine, Salerno, Edizioni Arcoiris, 2012, 121 pp. ISBN 978-88-96583-30-2Rosa Maria Grillo, Carla Perugini (a cura di, Tempi e luoghi di (deformazione, Salerno/Milano, Oèdipus edizioni, 2013, 327 pp. ISBN 978-87-3411-666Santiago Roncagliolo, Óscar y las mujeres, Madrid, Alfaguara, 2013, 314 pp. ISBN 978-84-204-1359-4Sara Maitland, Gossip from the Forest: A Search for the Hidden Roots of Our Fairytales, London, Granta, 2012, 368 pp. ISBN 978-184-708-430-9

  13. Les transformations organisationnelles dues à l'introduction des nouvelles technologies de l'information et de la communication dans les administrations : Rapport à la Région Alsace, en partenariat avec la Caisse Primaire d'Assurance Maladie de Strasbourg et la Préfecture du Haut-Rhin de Colmar

    OpenAIRE

    Dupeyron, Bruno; Poinsot, Eric

    2004-01-01

    Rapport à la Région Alsace, en partenariat avec la Caisse Primaire d'Assurance Maladie de Strasbourg et la Préfecture du Haut-Rhin de Colmar. Sous la direction scientifique de Vincent Dubois et Viviane Serfaty, Groupe de Sociologie Politique Européenne (GSPE)

  14. Rapport du Département fédéral de l'intérieur concernant la structure actuelle et le développement futur de la conception helvétique des trois piliers de la prévoyance vieillesse, survivants et invalidité Aspects de la Sécurité Sociale

    CERN Document Server

    Suisse. Département fédéral de l'intérieur

    1995-01-01

    Rapport du Département fédéral de l'intérieur concernant la structure actuelle et le développement futur de la conception helvétique des trois piliers de la prévoyance vieillesse, survivants et invalidité

  15. WMO Marine Final Reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Final reports of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Commission for Marine Meteorology, Commission for Synoptic Meteorology, and Commission for Basic...

  16. Aurora final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert, Dross; Amedeo, Conti

    2013-12-06

    Final Technical report detailing the work done by Nuvera and its partners to fulfill the goals of the program "Transport Studies Enabling Efficiency Optimization of Cost-Competitive Fuel Cell Stacks" (a.k.a. AURORA)

  17. Final focus nomenclature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erickson, R.

    1986-08-08

    The formal names and common names for all devices in the final focus system of the SLC are listed. The formal names consist of a device type designator, microprocessor designator, and a four-digit unit number. (LEW)

  18. Transacsys PLC - Final Results

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Final results from Transacsys PLC. A subsidary of this company was set up to develop the CERN EDH system into a commercial product but incurred too much financial loss so the project was cancelled (1/2 page).

  19. Cassini's Grand Finale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgington, Scott G.; Spilker, Linda J.

    2016-07-01

    After more than a decade exploring Saturn and its moons, the Cassini mission is in its closing act. Cassini's last year is an encore performance stuffed with science, including a final plunge into Saturn's atmosphere.

  20. 融洽关系对顾客虚拟价值创造、顾客满意的影响研究%Effects of Rapport on Customer Perceived Value and Customer Satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明立; 刘文华; 王伟

    2014-01-01

    创造和交换虚拟价值已成为广义虚拟经济时代的重要特征,顾客与企业间融洽关系的建立是创造顾客虚拟价值的主要来源。基于此,论文应用服务主导逻辑和关系营销理论,构建融洽关系对顾客感知价值(虚拟价值和使用价值)和顾客满意的影响模型。以北京某品牌汽车4S店为背景展开实证研究。结果表明,融洽关系中的两个维度,即愉悦互动和人际联系既对顾客感知享乐价值(虚拟价值)有着直接显著正向影响;又可通过顾客感知享乐价值对顾客满意产生间接影响。%The generalized virtual economy is characterized by the creation and exchanging of customer perceived virtual value, and rapport between customers and firms is viewed as the main measure to create customer virtual value. Based on the service-dominant logic and relationship marketing theory, the paper develops a model of the different dimensions of rapport affecting customer perceived value (virtual value and economic value) and customer satisfaction. A questionnaire survey was carried out in a 4S shop of a ma-jor automobile manufacturer located in Beijing. Empirical results confirm that:Both enjoyable interaction and personal connection of rapport not only has direct, positive effects on customer perceived hedonic value (virtual value), but also exerts an indirect effect on customer satisfaction through customer perceived virtual hedonic value.

  1. Safety report concerning the reactor Pegase - volume 1 - Description of the installation - volume 2 - Safety of the installations; Rapport de surete du reacteur pegase - tome 1 - Description des installations - tome 2 - Surete des installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacour, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Legoin, P. [S.E.M. Hispano-Suiza, 92 - Colombes (France)

    1964-07-01

    In the first volume: This report is a description of the reactor Pegase, given with a view to examine the safety of the installations. The Cadarache site at which they are situated is briefly described, in particular because of the consequences on the techniques employed for building Pegase. A description is also given of the original aspects of the reactor. The independent loops which are designed for full-scale testing of fuel elements used in natural uranium-gas-graphite reactor systems are described in this report, together with their operational and control equipment. In the second volume: In the present report are examined the accidents which could cause damage to the Pegase reactor installation. Among possible causes of accidents considered are the seismicity of the region, an excessive power excursion of the reactor and a fracture in the sealing of an independent loop. Although all possible precautions have been taken to offset the effects of such accidents, their ultimate consequences are considered here. The importance is stressed of the security action and regulations which, added to the precautions taken for the construction, ensure the safety of the installations. (authors) [French] Dans le volume 1: Ce rapport est une description du reacteur Pegase, afin d'examiner la surete des installations. Le site de CADARACHE ou elles sont situees, a ete sommairement decrit, en particulier, a cause des consequences sur les techniques mises en oeuvre pour la realisation de Pegase. Nous nous sommes egalement attache a decrire les aspects originaux du reacteur. Les boucles autonomes destinees a tester en vraie grandeur des elements combustibles de la filiere uranium naturel graphite-gaz, ainsi que leurs dispositifs de controle et d'exploitation, figurent egalement dans ce rapport. Dans le volume 2: Dans le present rapport, nous examinons des accidents pouvant endommager des installations du reacteur Pegase. Les origines d'accidents examines

  2. CO{sub 2} intensity in electricity delivered to Swiss end-users. Summary report; Intensite CO{sub 2} de l'electricite vendue aux consommateurs finaux en Suisse. Resume du rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jakob, M.; Volkart, K.; Widmer, D

    2009-07-15

    In this short summary report published by TEP Energy GmbH in Zuerich the main findings of a study made for the Swiss gas and oil industries on the effective CO{sub 2} intensities involved in Swiss electricity consumption are presented and discussed. The authors present their ideas on how CO{sub 2} emissions should be calculated on the basis of figures on Swiss power generation, imports and exports in a European context. The results obtained from the use of three methods for viewing Swiss electricity consumption involving net and gross power export and import are briefly discussed.

  3. More with thermal energy storage. Report 2. Literature survey. Overview of knowledge and research questions with regard to thermal energy storage. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 2. Literatuuronderzoek. Overzicht van kennis en onderzoeksvragen rondom bodemenergie. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lieten, S.; De Vries, E. [Bioclear, Groningen (Netherlands); Van Baaren, E.; Bakr, M.; Oude Essink, G.; Hartog, N.; Meinderstma, W.; Van Nieuwkerk, E.; Van Oostrom, N.; Woning, M. [Deltares, Delft (Netherlands); Drijver, B.; Krajenbrink, H.; Mathijssen, H.; Wennekes, R. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-03-30

    The project More With Thermal Energy Storage (MMB, abbreviated in Dutch) focuses on knowledge gaps and potential opportunities regarding open systems. The main questions to be answered are: (1) What effects (hydrological, thermal, microbiological and chemical) occur in the soil system by application of thermal energy storage; (2) Which technical options are available for a sustainable integration of thermal energy storage in the water and energy chain?; (3) Is it possible to achieve multiple objectives by using smart combinations? The project is organized in different work packages. In work package 2, the effects of individual and collective thermal energy storage storage systems on subsoils and the environment are determined. In work package 3 the opportunities for thermal energy storage and soil remediation are examined, while in work package 4 the focus is on new sustainable combinations of heat and cold storage. Work package 1 is the umbrella part where communication and policy of and participation in MMB are the main subjects. The aim of this literature survey is to search for knowledge that is available worldwide on the effects of heat and cold storage and the possibilities to combine this technology with controlling contaminants in soil and groundwater [Dutch] Het project Meer Met Bodemenergie (MMB) richt zich op het invullen van kennisleemtes en mogelijke kansen ten aanzien van open systemen. De belangrijkste vragen waarop het onderzoeksprogramma MMB antwoord geeft zijn: (1) Welke effecten (hydrologisch, thermisch, microbiologisch en chemisch) treden op in het bodemsysteem bij toepassing van bodemenergie?; (2) Welke technische mogelijkheden zijn er voor het duurzaam inpassen van bodem-energie in de water- en energieketen?; (3) Is het mogelijk om meerdere doelstellingen tegelijk te verwezenlijken door slimme combinaties te maken? Het project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. In deze literatuurstudie is gezocht naar de kennis die wereldwijd beschikbaar is over de effecten van warmte- en koudeopslag (WKO) en de mogelijkheden deze techniek te combineren met het beheersen van verontreinigingen in bodem en grondwater.

  4. Interactions route-tram : Analyse du risque et des difficultés perçues entre conducteurs de tramways et autres usagers de la voirie. Rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    PARAN, Françoise; Delhomme, Patricia; CASTANIER, Carole

    2011-01-01

    L'objectif de ce projet est d'examiner, en France, les interactions entre les usagers de la voirie et le tramway tant du point de vue des traminots (étude 1) que des usagers (étude 2) afin de faire des recommandations pour améliorer la sécurité. Une première étude par entretiens semi-directifs a été menée auprès de 30 traminots de 10 agglomérations. Il s'est agi d'explorer les difficultés qu'ils rencontrent en conduisant le tram, les stratégies qu'ils mettent en oeuvre et les suggestions pour...

  5. CLEAN-AIR heat pump. Reduced energy consumption for ventilation in buildings by integrating air cleaning and heat pump. Final Report; CLEAN-AIR heat pump - Reduceret energiforbrug til ventilation af bygninger ved luftrensning integreret med luft varmepumpe. Slut rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fang, L.; Olesen, Bjarne W.; Molinaro, G.; Simmonsen, P.; Skocajic, S. [Danmarks Tekniske Univ. Institut for Byggeri og Anlaeg, Lyngby (Denmark); Hummelshoej, R.M.; Carlassara, L. [COWI A/S, Lyngby, (Denmark); Groenbaek, H.; Hansen, Ole R. [Exhausto A/S, Langeskov (Denmark)

    2011-07-01

    This report summarizes task 1 of the Clean Air Heat Pump project - modelling and simulation on energy savings when using the clean air heat pump for ventilation, air cleaning and energy recovery. The total energy consumption of the proposed ventilation systems using clean air heat pump technology was calculated by a theoretical model and compared with the reference ventilation systems (conventional ventilation systems). The energy compared between the two systems includes energy used for heating, cooling and fan. The simulation and energy saving calculation was made for the application of the clean air heat pump in three typical climate conditions, i.e. mild-cold, mild-hot and hot and wet climates. Real climate data recorded from three cities in 2002 was used for the calculation. The three cities were Copenhagen (Denmark), Milan (Italy) and Colombo (Sir Lanka) which represent the above three typical climate zones. For the Danish climate (the mild cold climate), the calculations show that the ventilation system using clean air heat pump technology can save up to 42% of energy cost in winter compared to the conventional ventilation system. The energy saving in summer can be as high as 66% for the ventilation system with humidity control and 9% for the ventilation system without the requirement of humidity control. Since the Danish summer climate is very mild, over 80% of the yearly energy consumption for ventilation is used during winter season. It is, therefore, estimated that more than 35% annual energy saving for ventilation is expected in Denmark using the clean air heat pump ventilation technology. For the mild hot climate, e.g. the Italian climate, the calculations show that up to 63% of the energy saving can be achieved in summer season. For the winter mode, 17% reduction of the energy cost can be expected for the domestic use. For industrial use, the energy cost of the clean air heat pump may not be favourable due to the industrial price of gas in Italy is much lower than the domestic price. For the extremely hot and humid climate, the clean air heat pump has the maximum ability of the energy saving for ventilation. The calculations showed that annual energy saving of using the clean air heat pump for ventilation in Sri Lanka is 62%. In general, the clean air heat pump system is suitable for ventilation in all kind of climates around the world except for the hot and dry climate. The annual energy saving is expected in the range between 30% and 60% depending on the climate. It is worth noting that the calculated energy reduction of a ventilation system using the clean air heat pump technology was an extra saving compared to a ventilation system that equipped with the high efficiency counter flow heat recovery equipment with a temperature efficiency of 80%. Based on this simulation, it can be concluded that the energy saving of the clean air heat pump for ventilation is remarkable. Therefore, the technology is highly recommended provided that this simulation results are further validated by experiments. (Author)

  6. HYDROGEOBAT : Impacts géologiques et géotechniques des mouvements de nappes phréatiques sur le bâti: analyse, mesure, simulation, prévention. Rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Cojean, Roger; Deffontaines, Benoît; Ledoux, Emmanuel; Combes, P.; Deveughèle, Michel; Diarrassouba, D.; Fruneau, Bénédicte; Goblet, Patrick; Kaveh, Frédéric; Levassor, A.; Magalhaes, S.; Salim, S.; Zokimila, Pierre

    2009-01-01

    285 p. En contexte de plaine alluviale, l'hydrodynamique des nappes d'eau souterraines joue un rôle important dans le processus d'inondation. De plus, dans un environnement urbain, les conditions d'occupation du sous-sol : parkings souterrains, galeries diverses, etc. modifient considérablement les conditions d'écoulement, constituant généralement des obstacles. Le principal objectif du projet HYDROGEOBAT a été l'analyse des divers impacts géotechniques sur les constructions (fondations de...

  7. The solar heating system of the sport centre 'Guillamo Swimming Pool' in Sierre, Switzerland; Installation solaire thermique. Complexe sportif de la piscine de Guillamo - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This illustrated report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy describes the refurbishment and the extension of the sport centre 'Guillamo Swimming Pool' in Sierre, Switzerland. The original building built in 1978 included three swimming pools (two indoor and one small outdoor). In 2005 a three-room fitness centre, a wellness centre and a bar were added to the compound and the old building and technical installations refurbished. At the same time a 591 m{sup 2} solar collector array was added. Unglazed selective solar absorbers were mounted on the 5{sup o} tilted flat roof. They insure at the same time the water tightness of the roof, a feature that lead to a significant cost reduction of the project. Before 2005 the natural gas consumption of the centre was 1.3 to 1.7 GWh/year. After the construction work the consumption was about 1.6 GWh, including a contribution of 0.06 GWh from the solar collectors. This last figure is disappointing. The reasons for this are mainly attributed by the authors to a very poor integration of the solar collectors into the conventional heat generation and distribution system, which do not enable the solar collectors to deliver the heat quantity they should. Changes should be made on the hydraulics of the whole system and on the control algorithms and settings.

  8. SOL-PAC: Integrated solar heating and heat pump systems for refurbished buildings - Performance analysis; SOL-PAC: analyse des performances du couplage d'une pompe a chaleur avec une installation solaire thermique pour la renovation - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Citherlet, C.; Bony, J.; Nguyen, B.

    2008-07-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the energetic and economic performances of various types of brine/water heat pumps coupled with a fan coil fitted with solar collectors. Different indicators such as the annual coefficient of performance or the electricity consumption have been compared between the different analysed systems. The optimization of the energy control system and energy storage was investigated in order to reduce the operation time of the fan coil. This study has been performed using the TRNSYS computerized simulation package. The icing of the fan coil as well as its defrosting cycles could not been taken into account within the framework of this project, because of a lack of a numerical model. At current electricity prices, the most economical solution remains the heat pump without solar collectors. However, from an energy point of view, the annual overall coefficient of performance of the installation may be improved by 15 to 36%, depending on the climate, thanks to the coupling with solar collectors. (author)

  9. The deep geothermal energy project in Lavey (VD), Switzerland. Phase B1: killer criteria analysis; Projet de geothermie profonde a Lavey (VD). Phase B1: analyse de criteres killer - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bianchetti, G. [Alpgeo Sarl, Sierre (Switzerland); Kane, M. [Enef Tech Innovation SA, Lausanne (Switzerland); Graf, O. [Energie solaire SA, Sierre (Switzerland); Rikli, J.-P. [JPR Concept und Innovation, Uster (Switzerland); Reinhardt, F. [Services industriels, Lausanne (Switzerland); Hofmann, F. [Ecotec Environnement SA, Geneve (Switzerland); Sonney, R.; Vuataz, F. [Centre de Recherche en Geothermie (CREGE), Neuchatel (Switzerland); Richoz, J.-P. [Hydro-Concept Sarl, Yverdon (Switzerland); Storelli, S. [Centre de Recherches Energetiques et Municipales (CREM), Martigny (Switzerland)

    2007-07-01

    This report belongs to the AGEPP project (Alpine Geothermal Power Production) the goal of which is to demonstrate the feasibility of power generation from deep geothermal aquifers in the Alpine Crystalline. A preliminary study (completed by June 2006) identified two promising sites in the Swiss Rhone River valley. For the next step the site of Lavey was selected. The local hydrological conditions are already known (there is a spa in Lavey) and the regional heat demand is large enough to justify the construction of a district heating network. The present report is a part of the technical feasibility study and is devoted to the verification of the absence of any obstacle which would kill the project. The following aspects were investigated: deep water collection and return to the Rhone River; power generation; useful heat delivery; legal aspects, communication and financing. It was concluded that the only risks of the project are the unknown properties of the deep aquifer (water temperature, flow rate, exact location) and possible technical digging difficulties that would increase the project cost.

  10. The transport of plutonium industry in France. A high risk activity; Les transports de l'industrie du plutonium en France. Une activite a haut risque. Resume de l'etude et rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coeytaux, X.; Faid, Y.B.; Hazemann, J.; Marignac, Y.; Schneider, M

    2003-02-15

    According to the estimations of the report more than 450 transport of materials including about 40 tons of plutonium circulate in France during one year. The nuclear matters transported are a source of danger. The risks in relation with the handling and transport of plutonium touch the criticality risk, its great toxicity, and the problem of proliferation. To these risks it is necessary to add terrorists attacks. Three scenarios of accidents have been developed to illustrate the risk potential. A scenario of train accident, with derailment in a tunnel then crash with an other train; a simple scenario occurring to a lorry of plutonium powder; then a scenario of an accident following a terrorist act. These scenarios should be studied by I.R.S.N and the results should be given to the public and to elected people confronted to the transport of plutonium. (N.C.)

  11. Les usages de la mémoire : rhétorique du témoignage, espaces de mémoire et rapports de genres dans les dictatures du Brésil et du Paraguay

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes da Silva, Janine

    2014-01-01

    Les mémoires des hommes et des femmes présentent des aspects spécifiques permettant de penser le moment des dictatures. Cet article analyse, au moyen d’une histoire comparée, certains aspects des usages « genrés » de la mémoire pendant les dictatures, au Brésil (1964-1985) et au Paraguay (1954-1989). Il étudie la formation et l’action des différents groupes féministes, leurs rapports aux dictatures militaires et aux mouvements de résistance contre celles-ci, ainsi que leurs similitudes et leu...

  12. Etude en laboratoire de l’effet du rapport de surconsolidation sur le comportement non drainé des sols. Laboratory study of overconsolidated ratio of the undrained soil behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khelafi H.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, on présente une étude en laboratoire de l’influence du rapport de surconsolidation sur le comportement non drainé d’un sable limoneux. L’étude est basée sur des essais triaxiaux non drainés qui ont été réalisés pour des rapports de surconsolidation (OCR = 1, 2, 4 et 8 , à des fractions de fines particules du mélange variant entre 0% et 40% .Les essais ont été effectués sur des échantillons ayant une densité initiale Dr =50 %. L’article est scindé en deux parties principales. La première partie présente les sols étudiés ; la seconde partie donne une analyse des essais réalisés et discute de l’influence du rapport de surconsolidation sur la résistance du sol. Les essais montrent que l’augmentation du rapport de surconsolidation (OCR fait croître d’une manière considérable la résistance du sol se traduisant par une augmentation de la dilatance. L’augmentation de la fraction des fines ( Fc de 0 à 40 % augmente la phase de la contractance et par consequent reduit la phase de dilatance du sol étudié. Une décroissance de l’angle de frottement φ° est due a une forte teneur en fine (Fc =40% et à OCR = 1 ( sol normalement consolidé. In this paper, we present a laboratory study of the influence of overconsolidation ratio on the undrained behavior of silty sand. This study is based on the undrained triaxial tests which were performed for the overconsolidation ratio at OCR = 1, 2, 4 and 8, with fractions of fines of mixture varying between 0 % and 40 %. Tests were carried out on samples with an relative density Dr= 50% and confinement pressure σ’c = 100 kPa . The article is divided into two main parts. The first one presents the soils studied and the second one gives an analysis of the results and discusses the influence of overconsolidation ratio on the shear strength of the soil. The tests show that the shear strength of the soil increases with increasing overconsolidation ratio

  13. Deep inelastic final states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In these lectures we attempt to describe the final states of deep inelastic scattering as given by QCD. In the first section we shall briefly comment on the parton model and give the main properties of decay functions which are of interest for the study of semi-inclusive leptoproduction. The second section is devoted to the QCD approach to single hadron leptoproduction. First we recall basic facts on QCD log's and derive after that the evolution equations for the fragmentation functions. For this purpose we make a short detour in e+e- annihilation. The rest of the section is a study of the factorization of long distance effects associated with the initial and final states. We then show how when one includes next to leading QCD corrections one induces factorization breaking and describe the double moments useful for testing such effects. The next section contains a review on the QCD jets in the hadronic final state. We begin by introducing the notion of infrared safe variable and defining a few useful examples. Distributions in these variables are studied to first order in QCD, with some comments on the resummation of logs encountered in higher orders. Finally the last section is a 'gaullimaufry' of jet studies

  14. CAFE Project : final report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weber, A.; Carter, R.; Stanford, C.J.; Weber, A.

    2003-01-01

    [MAS E-0302] This is the final public report of the CAFE project (ESPRIT 7023). CAFE developed a secure conditional access architecture and implemented a multi-currency electronic purse system based on smart cards and infrared wallets. The electronic purse was tested in user trials at the European C

  15. Space Station Final Configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    An artist's conception of what the final configuration of the International Space Station (ISS) will look like when it is fully built and deployed. The ISS is a multidisciplinary laboratory, technology test bed, and observatory that will provide an unprecedented undertaking in scientific, technological, and international experimentation.

  16. Perception of Final Lengthening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Jan; Beckman, Mary

    A series of phonetic production and perception experiments were designed to describe the phonological or phonetic domains of two effects in spoken English: final lengthening, generally interpreted as a mark for the edge of some linguistically-defined unit of speech production, and stress-timed shortening, generally interpreted as evidence for…

  17. The 'final order' problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teunter, RH; Haneveld, WKK

    1998-01-01

    When the service department of a company selling machines stops producing and supplying spare parts for certain machines, customers are offered an opportunity to place a so-called final order for these spare parts. We focus on one customer with one machine. The customer plans to use this machine up

  18. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilbert, Chris [Altamont Environmental, Inc.

    2014-11-13

    The project, Capital Investment to Fund Equipment Purchases and Facility Modifications to Create a Sustainable Future for EnergyXchange served to replace landfill gas energy with alternative energy resources, primarily solar and wood waste. This is the final project closeout report.

  19. Schedulability Analysis for Java Finalizers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøgholm, Thomas; Hansen, Rene Rydhof; Ravn, Anders P.;

    2010-01-01

    Java finalizers perform clean-up and finalisation of objects at garbage collection time. In real-time Java profiles the use of finalizers is either discouraged (RTSJ, Ravenscar Java) or even disallowed (JSR-302), mainly because of the unpredictability of finalizers and in particular their impact ...... programs. Finally, we extend the SARTS tool for automated schedulability analysis of Java bytecode programs to handle finalizers in a fully automated way.......Java finalizers perform clean-up and finalisation of objects at garbage collection time. In real-time Java profiles the use of finalizers is either discouraged (RTSJ, Ravenscar Java) or even disallowed (JSR-302), mainly because of the unpredictability of finalizers and in particular their impact...... on the schedulability analysis. In this paper we show that a controlled scoped memory model results in a structured and predictable execution of finalizers, more reminiscent of C++ destructors than Java finalizers. Furthermore, we incorporate finalizers into a (conservative) schedulability analysis for Predictable Java...

  20. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maxwell, Mike, J., P.E.

    2012-08-30

    The STI product is the Final Technical Report from ReliOn, Inc. for contract award DE-EE0000487: Recovery Act PEM Fuel Cell Systems Providing Emergency Reserve and Backup Power. The program covered the turnkey deployment of 431 ReliOn fuel cell systems at 189 individual sites for AT&T and PG&E with ReliOn functioning as the primary equipment supplier and the project manager. The Final Technical Report provides an executive level summary, a comparison of the actual accomplishments vs. the goals and objectives of the project, as well as a summary of the project activity from the contract award date of August 1, 2009 through the contract expiration date of December 31, 2011. Two photos are included in the body of the report which show hydrogen storage and bulk hydrogen refueling technologies developed as a result of this program.

  1. Geolocation Technologies Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magnoli, D E

    2003-06-02

    This paper is the final report for LL998 In Situ Sensing Subtask 7 (Geo-location) undertaken for NNSA NA-22 enabling technologies R&D for Counterproliferation Detection. A few state-of-the-art resolution parameters are presented for accelerometers, indoor and outdoor GPS (Global Positioning Satellite) systems, and INSs (Inertial Navigation Systems). New technologies are described, including one which has demonstrated the ability to track within a building to a resolution of under a foot.

  2. CMS Is Finally Completed

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Yet another step in the completion of the Large Hadron Collider was taken yesterday morning, as the final element of the Compact Muon Solenoid was lowered nearly 100 meters bellow ground. After more than eight years of work at the world's most powerful particle accelerator, scientists hope that they will be able to start initial experiments with the LHC until the end of this year.

  3. Energy research 1998. The programme leaders` status reports; Energie-Forschung 1998. Recherche energetique 1998. Ueberblicksberichte der Programmleiter. Rapport de synthese des chefs de programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voirol, C. [ed.; Dubal, L. [ed.

    1999-03-01

    This report is a collection of the annual reports written by the 20 energy research programme leaders of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy about their activities in 1998. There is also a report of the Energy Research Coordinator reviewing the progress achieved in 1998. Finally, the organisation of the Swiss energy research is shortly presented, and useful addresses are given

  4. Travailler le rapport au savoir des élèves: analyse de la perception de trois situations d'apprentissage en anglais par des élèves de première année d'école de Maturité

    OpenAIRE

    Pauli, Kathleen; Clerc-Georgy, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Travailler le rapport au savoir des élèves : analyse de la perception de trois situations d’apprentissage en anglais par des élèves de première année d’école de Maturité. Pourquoi certains élèves réussissent-ils mieux que d’autres à l’école ou dans leurs études ? Les parcours scolaires différenciés et différenciateurs sont-ils inhérents aux élèves eux- mêmes, que ce soit par rapport à leurs facultés intellectuelles ou leur origine sociale, ou l’école est-elle en partie responsable de c...

  5. Neutron spectroscopy. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The researches carried by the Columbia University Department of Applied Physics and Nuclear Engineering, and its predecessors, in contract initially with the AEC, then with ERDA, and finally with DOE, had as its initial objective the measurement of fission cross sections and energy distributions of the fission fragments, as measured by pulse heights in detectors. These investigations sought to establish relations between the energy distributions and the quantum numbers of the resonances. In addition, some related, together with some unrelated, investigations were conducted. Progress is reported on measurements on the fissile isotopes, capture cross section measurements, theoretical developments, and the NEVIS synchrocyclotron pulsed neutron source

  6. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sobecky, Patricia A; Taillefert, Martial

    2013-03-29

    This final technical report describes results and findings from a research project to examine the role of microbial phosphohydrolase enzymes in naturally occurring subsurface microorganisms for the purpose of promoting the immobilization of the radionuclide uranium through the production of insoluble uranium phosphate minerals. The research project investigated the microbial mechanisms and the physical and chemical processes promoting uranium biomineralization and sequestration in oxygenated subsurface soils. Uranium biomineralization under aerobic conditions can provide a secondary biobarrier strategy to immobilize radionuclides should the metal precipitates formed by microbial dissimilatory mechanisms remobilize due to a change in redox state.

  7. Final results on $\

    CERN Document Server

    Eskut, E; Onengüt, G; Van Beuzekom, M G; Van Dantzig, R; De Jong, M; Konijn, J; Melzer, O; Oldeman, R G C; Pesen, E; Van der Poel, C A F J; Visschers, J L; Güler, M; Köse, U; Serin-Zeyrek, M; Sever, R; Tolun, P; Zeyrek, M T; Armenise, N; Cassol, F; Catanesi, M G; De Serio, M; Muciaccia, M T; Radicioni, E; Righini, P; Simone, S; Vivolo, L; Bülte, A; Winter, Klaus; Van der Donckt, M; Van de Vyver, B; Vilain, P; Wilquet, G; Saitta, B; Di Capua, E; Luppi, C; Ishii, Y; Kazuno, M; Ogawa, S; Shibuya, H; Brunner, J; Chizhov, M; Cussans, D; Doucet, M; Fabre, Jean-Paul; Flegel, W; Hristova, I R; Kawamura, T; Kolev, D; Litmaath, M; Meinhard, H; Niu, E; Øverås, H; Panman, J; Papadopoulos, I M; Ricciardi, S; Rozanov, A; Saltzberg, D; Tsenov, R; Uiterwijk, J W E; Weinheimer, C; Wong, H; Zucchelli, P; Goldberg, J; Chikawa, M; Arik, E; Mailov, A A; Song, J S; Yoon, C S; Kodama, K; Ushida, N; Aoki, S; Hara, T; Brooijmans, G; Delbar, T; Favart, D; Grégoire, G; Hérin, J; Kalinin, S; Makhlioueva, I; Artamonov, A; Gorbunov, P; Khovansky, V; Shamanov, V; Tsukerman, I; Bonekämper, D; Bruski, N; Frekers, D; Rondeshagen, D; Wolff, T; Hoshino, K; Kawada, J; Komatsu, M; Kotaka, Y; Kozaki, T; Miyanishi, M; Nakamura, M; Nakano, T; Narita, K; Niu, K; Niwa, K; Nonaka, N; Obayashi, Y; Sato, O; Toshito, T; Buontempo, S; Cocco, A G; D'Ambrosio, N; De Lellis, G; De Rosa, G De Lellis G; Di Capua, F; Ereditato, A; Fiorillo, G; Marotta, M; Messina, M; Migliozzi, P; Palladino, V; Scotto-Lavina, L; Strolin, P; Tioukov, V; Nakamura, K; Okusawa, T; Capone, A; De Pedis, D; Di Liberto, S; Dore, U; Ludovici, P F Loverre L; Maslennikov, A; Mazzoni, M A; Piredda, G; Santacesaria, G Rosa R; Satta, A; Spada, F R; Barbuto, E; Bozza, C; Grella, G; Romano, G; Sirignano, C; Sorrentino, S; Sato, Y; Tezuka, I

    2008-01-01

    The final oscillation analysis of the complete set of data collected by CHORUS in the years 1994-1997 is presented. Reconstruction algorithms of data extracted by electronic detectors were improved and the data recorded in the emulsion target were analysed by new automated scanning systems, allowing the use of a new method for event reconstruction in emulsion. CHORUS has applied these new techniques to the sample of 1996-1997 events for which no muons were observed in the electronic detectors. Combining the new sample with the data analysed in previous papers, the overall sensitivity of the experiment to the $\

  8. Relation entre la carie du blé (Tilletia spp.) et son environnement, et propositions de recherches futures pour des agriculteurs en mode de production biologique

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal, Alix

    2012-01-01

    Le rapport se divise en cinq grandes parties : Présentation du contexte de l’étude, recherche bibliographique, matériel et méthodes, résultats et discussion et enfin, les perspectives pour la recherche future. Cette étude comporte deux objectifs principaux. Le premier est de mettre en relation la carie du blé (causée par Tilletia spp.)avec son environnement au sens large. Le second est de proposer des nouveaux angles d’approches pour la recherche future, en accord avec les agriculteurs en mod...

  9. Bibliographie de Pascal savant

    OpenAIRE

    Descotes, Dominique

    2016-01-01

    Il existe plusieurs outils bibliographiques sur Pascal savant : MAIRE Albert, L’œuvre scientifique de Blaise Pascal. Bibliographie critique et analyse de tous les travaux qui s’y rapportent, Hermann, Paris, 1912, 184 p. GOYET Thérèse et HELLER Lane M., Bibliographie Blaise Pascal (1960-1969), Adosa, Clermont-Ferrand, 1989, 178 p. L. M. Heller travaille actuellement à la poursuite de cette bibliographie exhaustive à partir de 1970. Sur les textes particuliers, on trouvera de nombreux titres da...

  10. HERBE final safety report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Final safety report of HERBE system constructed at the RB reactor consists of 13 chapters, as follows. Chapter 0 includes a summary and the contents of the Final safety report, fundamental characteristics of the system and conclusion remarks, with the license agreement of the Safety Committee of the Boris Kidric Institute. Chapter 1 describes and analyzes the site of the HERBE system, including demography, topography, meteorology, hydrology, geology, seismicity, ecology. Chapter 3 covers technical characteristics of the system, Chapter 4 deals with safety analysis, Chapter 5 describes organisation of construction and preliminary operational testing of the system. Chapter 6 deals with organisation and program of test and regular operation, relevant procedures. Chapter 7 defines operational conditions and constraints, Chapter 8 and describe methods and means of radiation protection and radioactive materials management respectively. Chapter 10 contains a review of emergency plans, measures and procedures for nuclear accident protection. Chapters 11 and 12 are concerned with quality assurance program and physical protection of the HERBE system and related nuclear material

  11. L’excès de l’état par rapport à la situation dans L’être et l’événement de A. Badiou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Cassou-Noguès

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est une discussion de l’ouvrage de A. Badiou, L’être et l’événement, autour de la question du rapport de l’état (et de l’Etat à la situation. Nous commençons par rappeler la place que donne A. Badiou aux mathématiques dans son dispositif. Nous parcourons ensuite L’être et l’événement en prenant comme fil directeur cette question, du rapport de l’état à la situation. La dernière partie compare la position de A. Badiou à la tradition « épistémologique » en France et, en particulier, aux textes de Jean Cavaillès, dont A. Badiou se réclame à plusieurs reprises. L’originalité de A. Badiou dans cette tradition est sans doute sa rupture avec la perspective historique mais le problème, que cette confrontation pose, est de savoir s’il est en effet possible de couper les théories mathématiques de leur histoire, comme A. Badiou doit le faire.This paper concerns A. Badiou’s treaty, L’être et l’évenement, and the question of the relationship between “state” and “situation”. We first discuss the role that is given to mathematics in A. Badiou’s philosophy. We then read rather extensively L’être et l’événement, following our problem, the relationship between “state” and “situation”. In the last part, we compare A. Badiou’s position to the tradition of “epistemology” in France, using in particular Cavaillès’ writings. A. Badiou appears to dissociate himself from the historical perspective that made the core of this tradition of epistemology since Brunschvicg. But the problem is whether one can indeed separate mathematical theories from their history and their context, as A. Badiou, or “Badiouism”, is bound to do.    

  12. Sanasilva final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This final report summarizes the activities undertaken within the Swiss forest damage programme ''Sanasilva'' between 1984 and 1991. They include annual terrestrial damage assessment (leaf and needle loss); evaluation of forest condition through infrared aerial photographs; optimization of inventory methods; the manifold activities of the Plant Health Observation and Information Service; the implementation of mobile cable cranes for logging; consultancy for technical and economic planning in forestry in mountain regions; integral planning and checks in forest enterprises; aids to silviculture in severely damaged spruce stands, such as computer programmes on planning or the dynamics of forest damage; the classification of forest gene pools; and documentation and advanced training. The aims, methods, project design, activities, and results of each sub-project are summarized, and their significance for practical forestry and research described. Publications to date are listed. (author)

  13. Final technical report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl, Thomas Winther; Nielsen, Jakob Skov

    gas jet chamber and laser beam path from the final focusing mirror. The project consists of three phases: Phase 1: Fundamental studies of cutting front mechanisms, beam propagation, nozzle design and chemical reactions in the cut kerf with special emphasize on high laser powers and thick sections...... cutting nozzle which can be adjusted independently to the laser beam has been developed. The position of the focus relative the workpiece can be adjusted to cutting applications with relatively large processing windows, i.e. both mild and stainless steels, and of a broad thickness range. A build-in auto......This project entails research with the goal to extend laser cutting of steel based metals to thickness above 20 mm and laser powers in the 10 kW range, with adequate accuracy and economically viable cutting speeds. The technical approach is to develop mirror based cutting heads with truly coaxial...

  14. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Tanis

    2005-11-25

    This document comprises the final technical report for atomic collisions research supported by DOE grant No. DE-FG02-87ER13778 from September 1, 2001 through August 31, 2004. The research involved the experimental investigation of excitation and charge-changing processes occurring in ion-atom and ion-molecule collisions. Major emphases of the study were: (1) interference effects resulting from coherent electron emission in H2, (2) production of doubly vacant K-shell (hollow ion) states due to electron correlation, and (3) formation of long-lived metastable states in electron transfer processes. During the period of the grant, this research resulted in 23 publications, 12 invited presentations, and 39 contributed presentations at national and international meetings and other institutions. Brief summaries of the completed research are presented below.

  15. Final Progress Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Josef Michl

    2011-10-31

    In this project we have established guidelines for the design on organic chromophores suitable for producing high triplet yields via singlet fission. We have proven their utility by identifying a chromophore of a structural class that had never been examined for singlet fission before, 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran, and demonstrating in two independent ways that a thin layer of this material produces a triplet yield of 200% within experimental error. We have also designed a second chromophore of a very different type, again of a structural class that had not been examined for singlet fission before, and found that in a thin layer it produces a 70% triplet yield. Finally, we have enhanced the theoretical understanding of the quantum mechanical nature of the singlet fission process.

  16. Schedulability Analysis for Java Finalizers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøgholm, Thomas; Hansen, Rene Rydhof; Søndergaard, Hans;

    2010-01-01

    Java finalizers perform clean-up and finalisation of objects at garbage collection time. In real-time Java profiles the use of finalizers is either discouraged (RTSJ, Ravenscar Java) or even disallowed (JSR-302), mainly because of the unpredictability of finalizers and in particular their impact...... on the schedulability analysis. In this paper we show that a controlled scoped memory model results in a structured and predictable execution of finalizers, more reminiscent of C++ destructors than Java finalizers. Furthermore, we incorporate finalizers into a (conservative) schedulability analysis for Predictable Java...... programs. Finally, we extend the SARTS tool for automated schedulability analysis of Java bytecode programs to handle finalizers in a fully automated way....

  17. The economics of payment finality

    OpenAIRE

    Charles M. Kahn; William Roberds

    2002-01-01

    Payment finality is critical to decentralized exchange. By specifying how the transfer of one type of claim extinguishes another, the rules governing finality minimize opportunities for default along credit chains and allocate other risks. ; The authors provide a basic analysis of finality and its role in facilitating exchange. They first present a simple, historically based model of transferable debt and finality. The discussion demonstrates the desirability of transferable debt and why rule...

  18. Prize something, including quality. The price of supply interruption. On the search for {phi}. Technical report; Op prijs gesteld, maar ook op kwaliteit. De prijs van stroomonderbrekingen. Op zoek naar {phi}. Technisch rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baarsma, B.E.; Berkhout, P.H.G.; Hop, J.P.

    2004-04-01

    The Dutch Office of Energy Regulation (DTe) plans to adjust the present regulations with regard to regional electricity network companies. In 2002 an integrated model for pricing and quality regulations is drafted, which is expected to be implemented in 2005. This report serves as input for such a model. Quality is defined in terms of electricity supply disruptions. The aim of the study on the title subject is to determine prices for different types of power supply disruptions. The study is based on a survey among 12,400 households and nearly 2,500 small and medium-sized businesses in the Netherlands. [Dutch] De Dienst uitvoering en Toezicht energie (DTe) is voornemens om de huidige regelgeving ten aanzien van de regionale elektriciteitsnetbedrijven aan te passen. Hiertoe zijn in 2002 verkenningen voor een geintegreerd prijs- en kwaliteitsreguleringsmodel opgesteld, dat naar verwachting begin 2005 worden ingevoerd. Dit rapport dient als input voor het kwaliteitsreguleringsmodel. Kwaliteit is hier gedefinieerd in termen van stroomonderbrekingen. Het doel van het onderzoek is om prijskaartjes vast te stellen voor verschillende soorten stroomonderbrekingen. Zo kunnen de onderbrekingskosten verschillen afhankelijk van bijvoorbeeld het tijdstip (dagdeel, dag van de week, seizoen), de duur van de onderbreking, het wel of niet ontvangen van een waarschuwing vooraf en het aantal onderbrekingen. Het onderzoek is gebaseerd op een enquete onder 12.400 huishoudens en bijna 2500 MKB-bedrijven.

  19. Final Technical Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The two main objectives of this project were: (1) to develop and test technologies to harvest, transport, store, and separate corn stover to supply a clean raw material to the bioproducts industry, and (2) engineer fermentation systems to meet performance targets for lactic acid and ethanol manufacturers. Significant progress was made in testing methods to harvest corn stover in a 'single pass' harvest mode (collect corn grain and stover at the same time). This is technically feasible on small scale, but additional equipment refinements will be needed to facilitate cost effective harvest on a larger scale. Transportation models were developed, which indicate that at a corn stover yield of 2.8 tons/acre and purchase price of $35/ton stover, it would be unprofitable to transport stover more than about 25 miles; thus suggesting the development of many regional collection centers. Therefore, collection centers should be located within about 30 miles of the farm, to keep transportation costs to an acceptable level. These collection centers could then potentially do some preprocessing (to fractionate or increase bulk density) and/or ship the biomass by rail or barge to the final customers. Wet storage of stover via ensilage was tested, but no clear economic advantages were evident. Wet storage eliminates fire risk, but increases the complexity of component separation and may result in a small loss of carbohydrate content (fermentation potential). A study of possible supplier-producer relationships, concluded that a 'quasi-vertical' integration model would be best suited for new bioproducts industries based on stover. In this model, the relationship would involve a multiyear supply contract (processor with purchase guarantees, producer group with supply guarantees). Price will likely be fixed or calculated based on some formula (possibly a cost plus). Initial quality requirements will be specified (but subject to refinement).Producers would invest in harvest

  20. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aristos Aristidou Natureworks); Robert Kean (NatureWorks); Tom Schechinger (IronHorse Farms, Mat); Stuart Birrell (Iowa State); Jill Euken (Wallace Foundation & Iowa State)

    2007-10-01

    The two main objectives of this project were: 1) to develop and test technologies to harvest, transport, store, and separate corn stover to supply a clean raw material to the bioproducts industry, and 2) engineer fermentation systems to meet performance targets for lactic acid and ethanol manufacturers. Significant progress was made in testing methods to harvest corn stover in a “single pass” harvest mode (collect corn grain and stover at the same time). This is technically feasible on small scale, but additional equipment refinements will be needed to facilitate cost effective harvest on a larger scale. Transportation models were developed, which indicate that at a corn stover yield of 2.8 tons/acre and purchase price of $35/ton stover, it would be unprofitable to transport stover more than about 25 miles; thus suggesting the development of many regional collection centers. Therefore, collection centers should be located within about 30 miles of the farm, to keep transportation costs to an acceptable level. These collection centers could then potentially do some preprocessing (to fractionate or increase bulk density) and/or ship the biomass by rail or barge to the final customers. Wet storage of stover via ensilage was tested, but no clear economic advantages were evident. Wet storage eliminates fire risk, but increases the complexity of component separation and may result in a small loss of carbohydrate content (fermentation potential). A study of possible supplier-producer relationships, concluded that a “quasi-vertical” integration model would be best suited for new bioproducts industries based on stover. In this model, the relationship would involve a multiyear supply contract (processor with purchase guarantees, producer group with supply guarantees). Price will likely be fixed or calculated based on some formula (possibly a cost plus). Initial quality requirements will be specified (but subject to refinement).Producers would invest in harvest

  1. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux Phase 2; Quartiers durables BaLaLuZh. Rapport Lausanne-Bellevaux. Phase 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robinson, D.; Nicol, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Pattaroni, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de sociologie urbaine (LASUR), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire Choros, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2007-04-15

    This comprehensive final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the second phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in this second phase is reviewed. The results of phase 1 were followed up in that it was decided to facilitate the renovation of specific buildings where possible. A further aim was to evaluate the extent to which cycling is used as a means of transport as well as to identify possible barriers and solutions to the more widespread use of cycling as a means of transportation. The report describes the work necessary and strategies for specific buildings, including participatory procedures. As far as cycling is concerned, the results of questionnaires are examined and discussed. Communication and animation projects are also looked at.

  2. 2006 Final Transmission Proposal.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-06-01

    This Record of Decision (ROD) contains the decisions of the Administrator of the Bonneville Power Administration BPABPA with respect to the adoption of transmission and ancillary services rates for the two-year rate period beginning October 1, 2005, and ending September 30, 2007 (fiscal years (FY) 2006-2007)(2006 Final Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Proposal). These decisions are based on the record compiled in this rate proceeding. The transmission and ancillary services rates adopted in this ROD are the rates proposed as a result of a comprehensive settlement agreement between BPA's Transmission Business Line (BPA-TBL) and a diverse group of transmission customers, including BPA's Power Business Line (BPA-PBL), regional investor-owned utilities, partial and full requirements customers of the BPA-PBL, Direct Services Industrial (DSI) customers, and merchant generators. The decisions in this ROD to adopt the rates and charges proposed by the settlement agreement are not intended to create or imply any factual , legal, procedural or substantive precedent, or to create agreement to any underlying principle or methodology.

  3. Tiger LDRD final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steich, D J; Brugger, S T; Kallman, J S; White, D A

    2000-02-01

    This final report describes our efforts on the Three-Dimensional Massively Parallel CEM Technologies LDRD project (97-ERD-009). Significant need exists for more advanced time domain computational electromagnetics modeling. Bookkeeping details and modifying inflexible software constitute a vast majority of the effort required to address such needs. The required effort escalates rapidly as problem complexity increases. For example, hybrid meshes requiring hybrid numerics on massively parallel platforms (MPPs). This project attempts to alleviate the above limitations by investigating flexible abstractions for these numerical algorithms on MPPs using object-oriented methods, providing a programming environment insulating physics from bookkeeping. The three major design iterations during the project, known as TIGER-I to TIGER-III, are discussed. Each version of TIGER is briefly discussed along with lessons learned during the development and implementation. An Application Programming Interface (API) of the object-oriented interface for Tiger-III is included in three appendices. The three appendices contain the Utilities, Entity-Attribute, and Mesh libraries developed during the project. The API libraries represent a snapshot of our latest attempt at insulated the physics from the bookkeeping.

  4. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Held, Isaac [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Balaji, V. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Fueglistaler, Stephan [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)

    2016-09-19

    We have constructed and analyzed a series of idealized models of tropical convection interacting with large-scale circulations, with 25-50km resolution and with 1-2km cloud resolving resolution to set the stage for rigorous tests of convection closure schemes in high resolution global climate models. Much of the focus has been on the climatology of tropical cyclogenesis in rotating systems and the related problem of the spontaneous aggregation of convection in non-rotating systems. The PI (Held) will be delivering the honorary Bjerknes lecture at the Fall 2016 AGU meeting in December on this work. We have also provided new analyses of long-standing issues related to the interaction between convection and the large-scale circulation: Kelvin waves in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, water vapor transport into the stratosphere, and upper tropospheric temperature trends. The results of these analyses help to improve our understanding of processes, and provide tests for future high resolution global modeling. Our final goal of testing new convections schemes in next-generation global atmospheric models at GFDL has been left for future work due to the complexity of the idealized model results meant as tests for these models uncovered in this work and to computational resource limitations. 11 papers have been published with support from this grant, 2 are in review, and another major summary paper is in preparation.

  5. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexander Fridman

    2005-06-01

    This DOE project DE-FC36-04GO14052 ''Plasma Pilot Plant Test for Treating VOC Emissions from Wood Products Plants'' was conducted by Drexel University in cooperation with Georgia-Pacific (G-P) and Kurchatov Institute (KI). The objective of this project was to test the Plasma Pilot Plant capabilities in wood industry. The final goal of the project was to replace the current state-of-the-art, regenerative thermal oxidation (RTO) technology by Low-Temperature Plasma Technology (LTPT) in paper and wood industry for Volatile Organic Components (VOC) destruction in High Volume Low Concentration (HVLC) vent emissions. MetPro Corporation joined the team as an industrial partner from the environmental control business and a potential leader for commercialization. Concurrent Technology Corporation (CTC) has a separate contract with DOE for this technology evaluation. They prepared questionnaires for comparison of this technology and RTO, and made this comparison. These data are presented in this report along with the description of the technology itself. Experiments with the pilot plant were performed with average plasma power up to 3.6 kW. Different design of the laboratory and pilot plant pulsed coronas, as well as different analytical methods revealed many new peculiarities of the VOC abatement process. The work reported herein describes the experimental results for the VOCs removal efficiency with respect to energy consumption, residence time, water effect and initial concentration.

  6. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Velasco, Mayda [Northwestern University

    2013-11-01

    This work is focused on the design and construction of novel beam diagnostic and instrumentation for charged particle accelerators required for the next generation of linear colliders. Our main interest is in non-invasive techniques. The Northwestern group of Velasco has been a member of the CLIC Test Facility 3 (CTF3) collaboration since 2003, and the beam instrumentation work is developed mostly at this facility1. This 4 kW electron beam facility has a 25-170 MeV electron LINAC. CTF3 performed a set of dedicated measurements to finalize the development of our RF-Pickup bunch length detectors. The RF-pickup based on mixers was fully commissioned in 2009 and the RF-pickup based on diodes was finished in time for the 2010-11 data taking. The analysis of all the data taken in by the summer of 2010 was finish in time and presented at the main conference of the year, LINAC 2010 in Japan.

  7. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dmitriy Y. Anistratov; Marvin L. Adams; Todd S. Palmer; Kord S. Smith; Kevin Clarno; Hikaru Hiruta; Razvan Nes

    2003-08-04

    OAK B202 Final Technical Report. The present generation of reactor analysis methods uses few-group nodal diffusion approximations to calculate full-core eigenvalues and power distributions. The cross sections, diffusion coefficients, and discontinuity factors (collectively called ''group constants'') in the nodal diffusion equations are parameterized as functions of many variables, ranging from the obvious (temperature, boron concentration, etc.) to the more obscure (spectral index, moderator temperature history, etc.). These group constants, and their variations as functions of the many variables, are calculated by assembly-level transport codes. The current methodology has two main weaknesses that this project addressed. The first weakness is the diffusion approximation in the full-core calculation; this can be significantly inaccurate at interfaces between different assemblies. This project used the nodal diffusion framework to implement nodal quasidiffusion equations, which can capture transport effects to an arbitrary degree of accuracy. The second weakness is in the parameterization of the group constants; current models do not always perform well, especially at interfaces between unlike assemblies. The project developed a theoretical foundation for parameterization and homogenization models and used that theory to devise improved models. The new models were extended to tabulate information that the nodal quasidiffusion equations can use to capture transport effects in full-core calculations.

  8. Méthodes de soin actives et préventives. Apports des maîtres rituels javanais et rapport au développement Active and Prophylactic Cares. A Case Study of Javanese Masters’ Techniques and the Link to Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc de Grave

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available D’après un cas d’étude javanais, l’auteur propose une réflexion sur le caractère actif ou passif du rapport à la santé avec les conséquences sociales que cela revêt. Dans un premier temps, l’article présente une classification des soignants et l’arrière-plan socioculturel des pratiques de soin javanaises ; il présente aussi les conceptions javanaises de la maladie, finalement peu prises en compte dans les travaux préalables et se trouvant parfois en bute aux systèmes de valeurs de certaines tendances de l’islam. Ceci sert d’introduction à une ethnographie de première main sur des maîtres rituels et des maîtres d’arts martiaux javanais, les techniques thérapeutiques qu’ils utilisent et qu’ils enseignent – liées à l’initiation rituelle, aux cultes locaux, à la méditation, aux exercices du souffle, à la phytothérapie –, ainsi que le public auquel ils s’adressent. Les différents exemples décrits indiquent clairement qu’une tendance sélective des techniques se met en place depuis une vingtaine d’années, tendance qui s’accompagne dans certains cas d’une sécularisation et d’une standardisation ; cette modification permet à un public élargi de pratiquer les soins de façon active pour soi-même et pour les proches. Une tendance plus récente des praticiens consiste à afficher des tarifs pour se faire payer en monnaie moderne, ce qui a pour effet d’induire un nouveau type de passivité en matière de santé. La question est alors posée de savoir si la standardisation des techniques de « tradi-praticiens » telle qu’elle est induite par l’action de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé ne risque pas finalement de renforcer le caractère passif des patients à l’égard de pratiques qui fonctionnaient pour beaucoup sur un principe actif.Drawing from a Javanese case study, the article proposes a reflection on the active or passive character developed towards one’s health

  9. Evaluation des contraintes en place à partir d'essais de leak-off. Analyse bibliographique et application à des cas concrets Evaluation of in-Situ Stresses Based on Leak-Off Tests Data. Bibliographic Analysis and Application to Field Examples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarda J. P.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'essai dit de leak-offconsiste à augmenter la pression dans un puits, au droit d'une formation, jusqu'à la limite de rupture de la roche. Cette opération sert principalement à évaluer la pression de boue maximale admissible. Depuis une décennie on essaie d'utiliser la pression en leak-off dans les puits verticaux pour évaluer les deux contraintes horizontales en place. Une variante de l'opération précédente consiste à aller jusqu'à rompre la roche et propager la rupture : c'est la micro fracturation . L'interprétation des pressions obtenues reste basée principalement sur la mécanique linéaire de la rupture : paramètres élastiques et ténacité de la roche sont constants. On montre comment quatre facteurs - rapport des contraintes recherchées, existence ou non de fissure(s préexistante(s en paroi, pénétration du fluide dans ces fissures, filtration du fluide - peuvent conduire à des niveaux et des évolutions de pression très variés. Ils sont cependant insuffisants pour expliquer quelques observations courantes : la partie non-linéaire de la courbe pression-temps, la valeur du maximum de pression, sa variation avec le débit injecté en fracture. On montre comment la prise en compte d'effets poroélastiques en bout de fracture et d'un endommagement mécanique en paroi de puits pourrait permettre de faire mieux. Deux grandeurs apparaissent comme essentielles à l'interprétation : la limite supérieure de linéarité en pression, la pression de fermeture de la fracture. L'application à trois cas concrets montre que, dans les couvertures, il faudrait probablement évaluer la pénétration du fluide dans la fracture à l'initiation de celle-ci et modéliser l'initiation de fracture en tenant compte d'un endommagement mécanique de la paroi rocheuse. La deuxième partie de ce programme est en cours. This summary contains formulas (*** which can not be displayed on this screen. The leak-off test technique is used in wells

  10. MTX final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hooper, E.B. [ed.; Allen, S.L.; Brown, M.D.; Byers, J.A.; Casper, T.A.; Cohen, B.I.; Cohen, R.H.; Fenstermacher, M.E.; Foote, J.H.; Hoshino, K. [and others

    1994-01-01

    The MTX experiment was proposed in 1986 to apply high frequency microwaves generated by a free-electron laser (FEL) to electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) in a high field, high density tokamak. As the absorption of microwaves at the electron cyclotron resonance requires high frequencies, the opportunity of applying a free-electron laser has appeal as the device is not limited to frequencies in the microwave or long millimeter wavelength regions, in contrast to many other sources. In addition, the FEL is inherently a high power source of microwaves, which would permit single units of 10 MW or more, optimum for reactors. Finally, it was recognized early in the study of the application of the FEL based on the induction linear accelerator, that the nonlinear effects associated with the intense pulses of microwaves naturally generated would offer several unique opportunities to apply ECRH to current drive, MHD control, and other plasma effects. It was consequently decided to adapt the induction accelerator based FEL to heating and controlling the tokamak, and to conduct experiments on the associated physics. To this end, the Alcator C tokamak was moved from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where it was installed in Building 431 and operated from March, 1989, until the conclusion of the experiment in October, 1992. The FEL, based on the ETA-11 accelerator and IMP wiggler was brought into operation by the LLNL Electron Beam Group and power injected into the tokamak during an experimental run in the Fall, 1989. Following an upgrade by the MTX group, a second experimental run was made lasting from the Winter, 1992 through the end of the experiment. Significant contributions to the ECRH experiments were made by the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI).

  11. MTX final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MTX experiment was proposed in 1986 to apply high frequency microwaves generated by a free-electron laser (FEL) to electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) in a high field, high density tokamak. As the absorption of microwaves at the electron cyclotron resonance requires high frequencies, the opportunity of applying a free-electron laser has appeal as the device is not limited to frequencies in the microwave or long millimeter wavelength regions, in contrast to many other sources. In addition, the FEL is inherently a high power source of microwaves, which would permit single units of 10 MW or more, optimum for reactors. Finally, it was recognized early in the study of the application of the FEL based on the induction linear accelerator, that the nonlinear effects associated with the intense pulses of microwaves naturally generated would offer several unique opportunities to apply ECRH to current drive, MHD control, and other plasma effects. It was consequently decided to adapt the induction accelerator based FEL to heating and controlling the tokamak, and to conduct experiments on the associated physics. To this end, the Alcator C tokamak was moved from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where it was installed in Building 431 and operated from March, 1989, until the conclusion of the experiment in October, 1992. The FEL, based on the ETA-11 accelerator and IMP wiggler was brought into operation by the LLNL Electron Beam Group and power injected into the tokamak during an experimental run in the Fall, 1989. Following an upgrade by the MTX group, a second experimental run was made lasting from the Winter, 1992 through the end of the experiment. Significant contributions to the ECRH experiments were made by the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI)

  12. Batteries observatory: 2001 situation; Observatoire des piles et accumulateurs: la situation en 2001. Rapport sur la mise en oeuvre des dispositions reglementaires relatives aux piles et accumulateurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-12-01

    This report presents the 2001 situation in France of the commercialization, collection and processing of batteries (non-chargeable and chargeable). The data presented mainly come from the CERFA notifications 11801*01, 11802*01 and 11803*01, and thus present important limitations due to the declaration system and the format of consignment note used. Therefore, two years after the creation of the batteries observatory, the coverage of the battery market remains incomplete. Moreover, some choices were made during the preparation of this report in order to make it more readable. Also, the unit/weight conversions made can lead to a 15% uncertainty and the distinction between portable and non-portable batteries was made on the basis of a weight criterion (lower or greater than 1 kg). Finally, the collection indicators have to be considered with caution because their definition varies from one country to another. (J.S.)

  13. 2007 status of climate changes: synthesis report. Summary for policy-makers; Bilan 2007 des changements climatiques: rapport de synthese. Resume a l'intention des decideurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This Synthesis Report is based on the assessment carried out by the three Working Groups of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides an integrated view of climate change as the final part of the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Topic 1 summarises observed changes in climate and their effects on natural and human systems, regardless of their causes, while topic 2 assesses the causes of the observed changes. Topic 3 presents projections of future climate change and related impacts under different scenarios. Topic 4 discusses adaptation and mitigation options over the next few decades and their interactions with sustainable development. Topic 5 assesses the relationship between adaptation and mitigation on a more conceptual basis and takes a longer-term perspective. Topic 6 summarises the major robust findings and remaining key uncertainties in this assessment.

  14. ASEDRA Evaluation Final Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitchell, Dean J; Detwiler, Dr. Rebecca; Sjoden, Dr, Glenn E.

    2008-09-01

    The performance of the Advanced Synthetically Enhanced Detector Resolution Algorithm (ASEDRA) was evaluated by performing a blind test of 29 sets of gamma-ray spectra that were provided by DNDO. ASEDRA is a post-processing algorithm developed at the Florida Institute of Nuclear Detection and Security at the University of Florida (UF/FINDS) that extracts char-acteristic peaks in gamma-ray spectra. The QuickID algorithm, also developed at UF/FINDS, was then used to identify nuclides based on the characteristic peaks generated by ASEDRA that are inferred from the spectra. The ASEDRA/QuickID analysis results were evaluated with respect to the performance of the DHSIsotopeID algorithm, which is a mature analysis tool that is part of the Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS). Data that were used for the blind test were intended to be challenging, and the radiation sources included thick shields around the radioactive materials as well as cargo containing naturally occurring radio-active materials, which masked emission from special nuclear materials and industrial isotopes. Evaluation of the analysis results with respect to the ground truth information (which was provided after the analyses were finalized) showed that neither ASEDRA/QuickID nor GADRAS could identify all of the radiation sources correctly. Overall, the purpose of this effort was primarily to evaluate ASEDRA, and GADRAS was used as a standard against which ASEDRA was compared. Although GADRAS was somewhat more accurate on average, the performance of ASEDRA exceeded that of GADRAS for some of the unknowns. The fact that GADRAS also failed to identify many of the radiation sources attests to the difficulty of analyzing the blind-test data that were used as a basis for the evaluation. This evaluation identified strengths and weaknesses of the two analysis approaches. The importance of good calibration data was also clear because the performance of both analysis methods was impeded by the

  15. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bohdan W. Oppenheim; Rudolf Marloth

    2007-10-26

    Executive Summary The document contains Final Technical Report on the Industrial Assessment Center Program at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, covering the contract period of 9/1/2002 to 11/30/2006, under the contract DE-FC36-02GO 12073. The Report describes six required program tasks, as follows: TASK 1 is a summary of the assessments performed over the life of the award: 77 assessments were performed, 595 AR were recommended, covering a very broad range of manufacturing plants. TASK 2 is a description of the efforts to promote and increase the adoption of assessment recommendations and employ innovative methods to assist in accomplishing these goals. The LMU IAC has been very successful in accomplishing the program goals, including implemented savings of $5,141,895 in energy, $10,045,411 in productivity and $30,719 in waste, for a total of $15,218,025. This represents 44% of the recommended savings of $34,896,392. TASK 3 is a description of the efforts promoting the IAC Program and enhancing recruitment efforts for new clients and expanded geographic coverage. LMU IAC has been very successful recruiting new clients covering Southern California. Every year, the intended number of clients was recruited. TASK 4 describes the educational opportunities, training, and other related activities for IAC students. A total of 38 students graduated from the program, including 2-3 graduate students every semester, and the remainder undergraduate students, mostly from the Mechanical Engineering Department. The students received formal weekly training in energy (75%) and productivity (25). All students underwent extensive safety training. All students praised the IAC experience very highly. TASK 5 describes the coordination and integration of the Center activities with other Center and IAC Program activities, and DOE programs. LMU IAC worked closely with MIT, and SDSU IAC and SFSU IAC, and enthusiastically supported the SEN activities. TASK 6 describes other tasks

  16. Final Report Strings 2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Witten, Edward

    2015-10-21

    DOE Final Report “Strings 2014” PI: Edward Witten, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540 CO-PI: Igor Klebanov, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540 DOE Grant Number: DE-SC0011919 The Strings 2014 meeting was held at Princeton University in June 2014, co-sponsored by Princeton University and the Institute for Advanced Study. Plenary lectures at Strings 2014 were held in Richardson Auditorium of Princeton University. This comfortable and spacious facility easily accommodated the 616 participants registered participants at Strings 2014. The rental fee for the auditorium was $11,000. This grant provided $5,500 from the Department of Energy to pay for one-half of the cost of the facility rental and videotaping. Speakers were supported with funds from the National Science Foundation Clay Mathematics Institute, the Institute for Advanced Study and Princeton University. The organization of Strings 2014 consisted of an International Organizing Committee of 60 prominent scientists around the world, and a Local Advisory Committee consisting of an additional 15 distinguished scientists from neighboring institutions. Additionally, the Local Organizing Committee assisted them with about 15 members (mostly faculty at Princeton University and the Institute for Advanced Study). These groups (which are listed at the end of this narrative) offered important input concerning the selection of speakers and helped to ensure that the speakers were selected from the broadest possible pool. The conference was held on June 23-7 at Princeton University and the Institute for Advanced Study. The 616 registered participants included 272 participants from the United States and 344 from 32 institutions outside of the U.S. We believe that we were successful at providing a stimulating and up-to-date overview of research in string theory and its relations to other areas of physics and mathematics, ranging from geometry to quantum field theory, condensed matter physics, and more

  17. Final Performance Progress Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houldin, Joseph [Delaware Valley Industrial Resource Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Saboor, Veronica [Delaware Valley Industrial Resource Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2016-03-30

    about assessing a company’s technical assets, broadening our view of the business to go beyond what they make or what NAICS code they have…to better understand their capacity, capability, and expertise, and to learn more about THEIR customers. Knowing more about the markets they serve can often provide insight into their level of technical knowledge and sophistication. Finally, in the spirit of realizing the intent of the Accelerator we strove to align and integrate the work and activities supported by the five funding agencies to leverage each effort. To that end, we include in the Integrated Work Plan a graphic that illustrates that integration. What follows is our summary report of the project, aggregated from prior reports.

  18. Swiss energy research in 2008; Energie-Forschung 2008 - Ueberblicksberichte der Programmleiter / Recherche energetique 2008 - Rapports de synthese des chefs de programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-06-15

    This comprehensive document published by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reports on Swiss energy research in the year 2008. The overview reports made by the programme leaders are presented. In the area of efficient energy use, programme reports are presented for the following areas: Energy in buildings, traffic, electricity technologies and their usage, networks, heat-pumps and combined heat and power, combustion technologies, power station 2020 and carbon capture and storage, fuel cells and hydrogen as well as process engineering. In the renewables sector, work in the following areas is reported on: Solar thermal energy and storage, photovoltaics, industrial use of solar energy, biomass and wood energy, hydropower, geothermal energy and wind energy. Research in the area of nuclear energy and nuclear safety is reported on, as is research in the areas of regulatory safety, fusion and nuclear wastes. Finally, a report on energy-economics research is presented. The report is completed with a list of projects and an appendix containing details on the Swiss Energy Research Commission CORE and a list of those responsible for the various research programmes.

  19. Substances toxiques persistantes (PTS dans les corps gras : État des lieux d’après le rapport du programme des Nations-Unies pour l’environnement (PNUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narbonne Jean François

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plus de trente ans, une attention croissante a été portée sur les risques pour la santé humaine posés par la contamination de l’environnement par les substances toxiques persistantes (PTS. Ces composés persistent pendant de longues périodes dans les compartiments abiotiques et biotiques, sont transportés sur de longues distances depuis leurs points sources et s’accumulent chez l’homme et les organismes via les chaînes alimentaires. En 1997, le PNUE propose une liste initiale de 12 substances appelées polluants organiques persistants (POPs : aldrine, endrine, dieldrine, chordane, DDT, heptachlore, toxaphène, mirex, hexachlorobenzène, PCBs, dioxines (PCDDs, furanes (PCDFs. En 2001, de nouveaux composés sont ajoutés sur la liste des PTS en fonction de leurs caractéristiques comme la liposolubilité, leur résistance à la dégradation, leur forte toxicité ou la constance des apports : hexachlorohexane, PAHs, endosulfan, pentachlorophénol, formes organiques des métaux lourds : mercure, étain et plomb, phtalates, PBDEs\\\\PBBs, chlordécone, alkyl phénols, atrazine. Les sources de PTS sont diverses : (1 Utilisation de produits chimiques industriels comme les pesticides ou les emballages, (2 Réservoirs historiques déjà présents dans l’environnement essentiellement dans les sols et les sédiments ou sous forme de stocks périmés, (3 Sous-produits de process, en particulier comme contaminants indésirables de procédés industriels et de combustion. La France a été associée au rapport de la région IV méditerranéenne. Les niveaux dans les compartiments de l’environnement sont rapportés et l’exposition de l’homme via l’alimentation (vecteur essentiel est estimée en fonction des données collectées. Une évaluation des risques associés a été faite quand les données étaient suffisantes (PAHs, PCBs, PCDD\\\\F, Me Hg. Les lipides apparaissent comme vecteurs majeurs des PTS à travers la cha

  20. 基于和谐管理看交谈的礼仪规范与话语不礼貌%Conversational Etiquette and Impoliteness Viewed from Rapport Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周静涵

    2013-01-01

    In real-life communication, it is not uncommon that impolite conversational behaviours described in etiquette are not considered impolite. Most theoretical researches on this phenomenon just point out the weaknesses of equating impoliteness with bad behaviours contradictory to norms, and elaborate on the dynamics of norms. However, this approach cannot be applied in analysing real communication. Rapport management proposed by Spencer-Oatey (2002, 2008) offers a new perspective on impoliteness, which views it from interpersonal relations, and incorporates not only the notion that impoliteness is a kind of negative judgement but also that norms are cognitive and experiential. The paper illustrates how norms operate in people’s evaluation of whether a speech act is impolite or not in real communication by analysing rapport orientation, face, social rights, interactional objectives, weights of the factors, and all the parties involved.%交谈的礼仪规范虽然列举了言语交际中的不礼貌现象,但许多真实话语交际的情形与之并不相符。理论研究对这种情况处理的方法多为一方面指出把不礼貌等同于不规范言行这种静态观点的缺陷,另一方面对规范的动态性进行说明。但这种理论解释应用于交际实践的分析时可操作性不强。Spencer-Oatey建立的和谐管理模式从人际和谐的角度分析话语(不)礼貌现象,突破了之前不礼貌研究单一维度着眼的思路。和谐管理模式不仅呼应了当前对不礼貌本质是一种评价的观点,包含了规范具有认知体验性的理念,而且提供了研究规范与不礼貌之间关系的新视界。通过结合实例分析交谈礼仪规范的人际和谐管理理据,综合考虑交际双方的面子、社交权和交际目标的权重,以及交际双方的平衡问题,应用该模式可为真实交际中的交谈的礼仪规范在人们将话语评价为不礼貌时的作用原理提供了一种具体而合理的诠释。

  1. Circulation re-marquée vs effacée des discours rapportés directs à l’oral [Re-marked circulation vs un-marked circulation of oral reported discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Verine

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’interroge sur la rareté à l’oral des formes récursives DD+DD par rapport aux occurrences imputables à une tierce voix en vertu d'inférences contextuelles. Il explique cette disproportion entermes de pertinence dialogique: le marquage de la médiation, formellement très coûteux, est avant tout pertinent lorsqu'il y a doute ou conflit a priori sur la crédibilité de l'énonciation enchâssée; les formes plus économiques de circulation sont davantage pertinentes dans les interactions enchâssantes où il y a consensus, ou lorsque le locuteur principal s'efforce de prévenir par la persuasion / manipulation l'existence d'un doute quelconque chez ledestinataire.This paper tries to answer why, in oral interactions, the recursive forms of direct reported speech (e.g. Peter said: “Paul said: “Y”” are scarcer than utterances where the third voice can be inferred from the context. It will explain this imbalance through the principle of dialogical relevance. Marking explicitly the double report is especially usefull and pertinent when the addressee may doubt or contest the reliability of the reported content. Simplified forms are preferred when there is consensus amongst the participants or when the speaker aims to anticipate the addressee’s doubts by persuading or manipulating him/her.

  2. TARGET 2 and Settlement Finality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan MANGATCHEV

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how TARGET 2 as system implements the idea of settlement finality regulated by Directive 98/26 EC of the European parliament and of the Council of 19 May 1998 on settlement finality in payment and securities settlement systems (Settlement Finality Directive and Directive 2009/44/EC of the European parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 amending Directive 98/26/EC on settlement finality in payment and securities settlement systems and Directive 2002/47/EC on financial collateral arrangements as regards linked systems and credit claims (Directive 2009/44/EC. As the title of the arti and finality of the settlement in this system.

  3. Report to the parliament. Pluri-annual planning of power production investments; Rapport au parlement. Programmation pluriannuelle des investissements de production electrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-01-01

    The article 6 of the law from February 10, 2000, relative to the modernization and development of the electric utility, schedules a pluri-annual planning of the production investments (PPI) which represents a concrete translation of the energy policy in the domain of electricity. The PPI will allow to reach the energy policy goals using a balanced development of the national production means in terms of primary energy sources, techniques of production and geographical distribution of investments. This document is the first PPI report to the parliament. It is based on the scheme of energy collective services and on a provisional status made by the manager of the transportation network (RTE). In 2010, renewable energies should cover 21% of the French electricity needs. This ratio will be reached mainly thanks to the development of wind power (7000 to 14000 MW of installed power, which represents 20 to 35 TWh of additional production). Hydro-power should be increased of 8 TWh max, depending on the public policies implemented, and biomass will have a significant contribution too. On the other hand, actions of mastery of the electricity demand will have to be implemented. From 2008 onward, the decommissioning of several power plants will impose to find new solutions to satisfy the peak power needs. The covering of consumption peaks requires a correlation study of the power peaks at the European scale. Finally, the situation of non-interconnected areas and of areas with fragile supply has been carefully considered. The creation of new power production means must be envisaged in most of these areas. (J.S.)

  4. IPN - Orsay Report of activity 1998-1999. General activities. Technical Development; IPN - Orsay. Rapport d'activite 1998-1999. Activites generales. Recherches techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pouthas, Joel; Hutin, Christiane; Rivenez, Jean-Philippe [eds.] [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, 91406 Orsay cedex (France)

    2000-01-12

    ALICE dimuon spectrometer and for HADES experiment. Also the progress in developing the equipment for G0 experiment, VAMOS spectrometer, the large surface annular telescope and EUROBALL 4 detector is described. Finally in the chapter four there are reported works on developing a peak sensing ADC, a VXI D size card for EXOGAM,and data acquisition systems. The first volume begins with short reports of activity from the technical and general servicing departments. The second volume of the IPNO Report presents the results of the Research Division.

  5. IPN - Orsay Report of activity 1998-1999. Division of Research; IPN - Orsay. Rapport d'activity 1998-1999. Division de Recherche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morlet, Marcel; Willis, Alain [eds.] [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, 91406 Orsay cedex (France)

    2000-01-12

    .2.1. Modelling. 5.2.2. Structure of ions in solutions. 5.3. Optical spectroscopy of ions and lanthanides in solid media. 6. Interdisciplinary research. 6.1. Heavy ion and cluster interactions with matter and surfaces. 6.2. Medical imaging. Physics and biology. 7. Theoretical physics. 7.1. Nuclear physics. 7.2. Fields and particles. 7.3. Mathematical physics. The report is completed by three chapters presenting the activity in the domains of: Transmission of Knowledge, Teaching, Publications-Meetings-Seminars. Finally lists of internal reports, lectures, theses and patents are given.

  6. The black hole final state

    OpenAIRE

    Horowitz, Gary T.; Maldacena, Juan

    2003-01-01

    We propose that in quantum gravity one needs to impose a final state boundary condition at black hole singularities. This resolves the apparent contradiction between string theory and semiclassical arguments over whether black hole evaporation is unitary.

  7. HINTS Puerto Rico: Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    This final report describes HINTS implementation in Puerto Rico. The report addresses sampling; staffing, training and management of data collection; calling protocol; findings from the CATI Operations, and sample weights.

  8. Final disposal of radioactive waste

    OpenAIRE

    Freiesleben H.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper the origin and properties of radioactive waste as well as its classification scheme (low-level waste – LLW, intermediate-level waste – ILW, high-level waste – HLW) are presented. The various options for conditioning of waste of different levels of radioactivity are reviewed. The composition, radiotoxicity and reprocessing of spent fuel and their effect on storage and options for final disposal are discussed. The current situation of final waste disposal in a selected number of c...

  9. Life Cycle Assessment of different uses of biogas from anaerobic digestion of separately collected biodegradable waste in France. Final report; Analyse du Cycle de Vie des modes de valorisation energetique du biogaz issu de methanisation de la Fraction Fermentescible des Ordures Menageres collectee selectivement en France. Rapport Final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    In the first part of the study, Gaz de France (GdF) and the French Environment Energy Management Agency (ADEME) wished to identify the best method to use the biogas from anaerobic digestion of separately collected biodegradable waste (bio-waste). Secondly, GdF and ADEME wished to evaluate the strength and weaknesses of the two main different organic recycling: anaerobic digestion (methanization) and composting. The study is based on the life cycle assessment method. The life cycle assessment used for this study consists in quantifying the environmental impacts of all of the activities which are related to the chosen use method. This methodology involves compiling a detailed account of all substances and energy flows removed or emitted from or into the environment at each stage of the life cycle. These flows are then translated into indicators of potential environment impacts. This methodology is based on the international standards ISO14040 and ISO 14044. The life cycle assessment was performed by RDC Environnement. In this study, two questions were treated: - Which is the best valorisation method for biogas produced from the anaerobic digestion of separately collected biodegradable waste: fuel, heat or electricity? ('Biogas' question); - Which is the best treatment for the separately collected biodegradable waste: anaerobic digestion (methanization) or industrial composting? ('Composting' question). The field of the study includes the arrival of the separately collected biodegradable waste at the anaerobic unit as well as the utilisation of the biogas energy and the agricultural use of the digestate from anaerobic digestion. For each biogas utilisation, the environmental impacts of each life cycle stage were considered as well as the impacts that were avoided due to the substitution of the use of non-renewable energy ('conventional' procedures). The modelling of the direct composting of the biodegradable waste was realised taking into account the followings aspects: - The emissions during industrial closed-off composting, with drainage and airing systems (biological filter); - The emissions during the spreading of the compost; - The avoided emissions in case of the agricultural use of the compost for vegetable farming, market gardening. The goal of the study was not to evaluate in detail the environmental impact of industrial composting. The conclusions refer to the variation between these different biological treatment systems but not on the absolute value (which strongly depends on the underlying hypothesis). The results of this study will therefore not allow a comparison between these two biological treatment systems and other methods of treating (incineration, landfill..). The conclusions are the following: - The environmental performance of the utilisation of biogas is moderate when compared to the use of non-renewable energy; - The different biogas uses such as fuel for busses or waste trucks which substitutes diesel fuel are the more interesting in relation to the 4 indicators (global warming potential, air acidification, eutrophication and consumption of primary energy); - The use of biogas in cogeneration is especially interesting for the consumption of primary non-renewable energy; - Electricity production is the worst procedure for the 'global warming potential' impact

  10. PRI 2.1: Basic researches on the photovoltaic: new materials (july 2002 - july 2004). Final report of the integrated research project; PRI 2.1: Recherches de base en photovoltaique: nouveaux materiaux (Juillet 2002 - Juin 2004). Rapport final du projet de recherche integre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marfaing, Y.

    2004-07-01

    The main material of the photovoltaic cells is the massive crystalline silicon. For a large scale development of the photovoltaic industry, it is necessary to use thin layers. Many materials are possible to reach this objective: different types of silicon (amorphous, mono-crystal, poly-crystal), poly-crystal of CIS type (CuInSe{sub 2}) and organic molecules and polymers. The last two types are innovative and need some researches. These research axis are presented in this PRI. (A.L.B.)

  11. Laboratory developments of a diagonal turbine for medium head small hydro power plants (25 - 100 m). Final report; Turbines diagonales. Programme de developpement d'une turbine hydraulique diagonale destinee a equiper les petites centrales a moyenne chute (25 a 100 m) - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choulot, A.; Denis, V.

    2009-11-15

    The first result of the project was the mechanical design of the diagonal turbine and, in particular, the runner and the adjustable blade driving system. The system was designed for the 12-blade runner and is thus suitable for any lower number of blades. With a reference runner diameter of 329.4 mm, the laboratory test model corresponds approximately to the smallest size for a prototype of Diagonal turbine. The mechanical design is thus available for any larger prototype. The complementary use of numerical simulations and laboratory tests provided a deep understanding of the hydraulic behaviour of the Diagonal turbine. Based on this extensive knowledge, the mechanical set-up and hydraulic design was significantly improved. The developments showed that the effect of the gap between the discharge ring and the blades on both the efficiency and cavitation behaviour was significantly enhanced compared to Kaplan turbines. The optimization of this gap together with improvements of the geometry enabled to raise the maximum efficiency from 86.5% with the initial configuration to more than 92%, and to significantly reduce the development of cavitation. The first developed configuration was the 8-blade runner. Various guide vane configurations were tested. The analysis of numerical and experimental results led to the development of an optimal configuration with a maximum efficiency of 92% and a satisfactory cavitation behaviour suitable for heads up to 50 m. The development of the 12-blade runner fully profited from the knowledge gained with the 8 blade configuration. The improved blade design process significantly fastened the development phase necessary to obtain high performances. The maximum efficiency is above 92% and the cavitation behaviour allows 80 m heads. Based on these good results, a first demonstration project was launched to equip the Montsalvens site (Switzerland). The objective is to install a turbine at the foot of the Montsalvens dam of the existing hydro power plant, to use the reserved flow characterized by a constant discharge of 500 l/s and a variable head, from 24.5 to 45.0 m. The delivery of the turbine is planned in the first semester of 2013. (authors)

  12. Mise au point d’un indice diatomique pour les cours d’eau de la Réunion (IDR) : Rapport final sur la démarche d’élaboration de l’indice (Version finale, 05-02-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Boutry, S.; Gassiole, G.; Rosebery, J.; Giraudel, J.L.; PERES, F; Coste, M.; Delmas, F

    2013-01-01

    The WFD must be applied in the French overseas departments as in the European continental context. However, the abiotic environment, as the biological species living there, constitute a very specific biogeographical context making it impossible to use existing biological indices developed for continental Europe. The Reunion Water Office decided to carry on a specific research and development program, implemented from 2008 to 2012 by the Asconit Consultants - Irstea (ex-Cemagref) consortium. T...

  13. Assessment of wood volumes which can be mobilized from IFN 'new method' data. 2009 updating of the 2007 'available biomass' study. Final report; Evaluation des volumes de bois mobilisables a partir des donnees de l'IFN -nouvelle methode- Actualisation 2009 de l'etude -biomasse disponible- de 2007. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ginisty, Ch.; Chevalier, H.; Vallet, P. [Cemagref Unite de recherche -Ecosystemes forestiers- Domaine des barres, 45 - Nogent sur Vernisson (France); Colin, A. [Inventaire Forestier National, Nogent sur Vernisson (France)

    2009-07-01

    After having presented some notions used in this study, this report present the data sources (IFN data, current wood taking), describes the assessment method (wood volumes, branches, impact of the Klaus tempest). It discusses the results according to the 2007 hypothesis (gross availability, gross availability after the tempest, exploitable resource, additional availability, sawmills products). It also outlines the study limitations and draws some perspectives

  14. Study of the potential of using geocooling of an installation with vertical geothermal probes applied to an administrative building in Chiasso - final report; Etude du potentiel d'utilisation de 'geocooling' d'une installation avec sondes geothermiques verticales applique a un batiment administratif 'Minergie' a Chiasso - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pahud, D.; Caputo, P.; Branca, G.; Generelli, M.

    2008-12-15

    The new office building of Brogeda-Chiasso Swiss custom has been built to satisfy the 'Minergie' standard. Low energy requirements for heating and cooling make it possible to use active concrete plates for thermal energy emission (they are called TABS in German). Further, there are ideal conditions for the integration of a geothermal system based on geocooling: a borehole heat exchanger field is coupled to a heat pump in winter and to the cooling distribution through a flat plate heat exchanger in summer. The building has been considered as a reference case in the framework of a study about geocooling applications. A dynamic system model has been developed to simulate the building, the emission of thermal energy, the technical installation and the thermal interactions between them. The simulation tool, called COOLSIM, has been developed using TRNSYS and benefits of developments and validations performed with previous simulation tools such as PILESIM2 and BRIDGESIM. A procedure has been defined to assess the technical feasibility of a system based on geocooling and to establish its sizing. A sensitivity study has been performed to assess and show the influences of the main system parameters on the system sizing. The sizing of the borehole heat exchanger field has been evaluated by determining the total borehole length of the boreholes in relation to the heat pump power and the cooling requirements that have to be met by geocooling. The most influential parameters related to thermal requirements are the heat extraction rate from the boreholes, the temperature level in the geocooling distribution and the ratio between the annual heating and cooling energy requirements. The lowest possible heat power and the highest possible temperature have to be identified. It is important to have a large enough temperature difference between the initial ground temperature and the forward fluid temperature in the cooling distribution. The annual cooling energy transferred by geocooling has to be lower than the annual space heating energy, so that the annually injected energy into the boreholes remains smaller than the extracted energy. This will prevent the ground temperature from increasing in the long term and, consequently, reducing the geocooling potential. What influence the geological conditions have, is primarily determined by the ground thermal conductivity. The initial ground temperature of the ground layer crossed by the boreholes, whose value depends on the borehole depth, due to the temperature geothermal gradient, is another main parameter. Other studied parameters are the borehole spacing and the heat transfer capacity of the geocooling heat exchanger that connects the hydraulic circuit of the borehole heat exchangers to the cooling distribution. Simulations have shown that it is important to oversize the heat transfer capacity of the geocooling heat exchanger. The return fluid temperature in the boreholes is, consequently, as high as possible for the benefit of the geocooling potential. With a larger ground thermal conductivity, shorter boreholes may be dug for both space heating and geocooling. Using deeper boreholes, the required borehole length decreases for space heating but increases for geocooling, due to the ground temperature increase. In the case of the reference office building an optimal depth of 150 m was obtained. The simulation of the building and of the active concrete plates has shown that it is possible to cool it with a forward fluid temperature of 22 {sup o}C. With a ground thermal conductivity of 2 W/(mK), an initial ground temperature of 12 {sup o}C close to the surface and a geothermal temperature gradient of 25 K/km, the following sizing parameters were found: (i) specific extracted heat power: 28 W/m (heat power extracted by the heat pump under B0W35 conditions); (ii) specific extracted energy: 43 kWh/(m y); (iii) specific injected heat power: 23 W/m (average geocooling heat power); (iv) specific injected energy: 26 kWh/(m y); (v) ratio injected over extracted energy: 0.6. A 10 borehole heat

  15. IMFREX impact of the anthropic changes on the frequency of the extreme phenomena of the wind, the temperature and the rainfall. Final report; Imfrex impact des changements anthropiques sur la frequence des phenomenes extremes de vent de temperature et de precipitations. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The aim of Imfrex was to evaluate the impact of a climatic change on the frequency of extreme phenomena of wind and rainfall in France. The study is based on an hypothesis proposed by the GIEC and called scenario A2. A first simulation, low resolution 300 km, using a coupled model ocean-atmosphere allowed to provide an evolution scenario for the temperature of the sea surface and the ice field area. A second simulation, high resolution 50 km, provided a daily evolution of the climate during 140 years. Imfrex was organized in five work-packages: the constitution of the data base, the validation of the models, the direct approach the statistical approach and the dynamical approach. (A.L.B.)

  16. Final report of the project CARBOFOR. Carbon sequestration in the big forest ecosystems in France. Quantification, spatialization, vulnerability and impacts of different climatic and forestry scenario; Rapport final du projet CARBOFOR. Sequestration de carbone dans les grands ecosystemes forestiers en France. Quantification, spatialisation, vulnerabilite et impacts de differents scenarios climatiques et sylvicoles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loustau, D

    2004-06-15

    The main outcomes of the project allowed to revise the carbon stock estimate of the national french forests, to clarify the interactions between climate and sylviculture according to the ecological profile of main species, to describe the changes in species area distribution for forest trees and pathogens. Different approaches for estimating the national carbon stock in forest biomass were investigated such as biomass equations and architectural models. Some conclusions in terms of adaptation scenario can be drawn. The global production potential of the french forest will be changed. This change is rapid and will occur a time interval shorter than average tree life duration. Species substitution and changing practices must be considered from now. The soil water holding capacity and the nutrient availability interact strongly with the climate effects and are therefore target factors for adapting forest stands to future changes. The dramatic change in the potential area distribution of most pathogens over France lead to recommend strong regulations for avoiding dissemination of fungal diseases and to anticipate the pathogen risks through species distribution. (A.L.B.)

  17. Garde a l'enfance: Etude sur la remuneration et les conditions de travail dans le domaine de la garde a l'enfance au Canada. Rapport final (Caring for a Living: A Study on Wages and Working Conditions in Canadian Child Care. Final Report).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canadian Child Care Federation, Ottawa (Ontario).

    Between November 1990 and August 1992, a study examined wages and working conditions of child care staff in both licensed group centers and family day care homes in Canada. Three instruments were developed for the study, a short telephone interview for center directors, a follow-up director's questionnaire, and a staff questionnaire. The study…

  18. Study of the potential of using geocooling of an installation with vertical geothermal probes applied to an administrative building in Chiasso - final report; Etude du potentiel d'utilisation de 'geocooling' d'une installation avec sondes geothermiques verticales applique a un batiment administratif 'Minergie' a Chiasso - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pahud, D.; Caputo, P.; Branca, G.; Generelli, M.

    2008-12-15

    The new office building of Brogeda-Chiasso Swiss custom has been built to satisfy the 'Minergie' standard. Low energy requirements for heating and cooling make it possible to use active concrete plates for thermal energy emission (they are called TABS in German). Further, there are ideal conditions for the integration of a geothermal system based on geocooling: a borehole heat exchanger field is coupled to a heat pump in winter and to the cooling distribution through a flat plate heat exchanger in summer. The building has been considered as a reference case in the framework of a study about geocooling applications. A dynamic system model has been developed to simulate the building, the emission of thermal energy, the technical installation and the thermal interactions between them. The simulation tool, called COOLSIM, has been developed using TRNSYS and benefits of developments and validations performed with previous simulation tools such as PILESIM2 and BRIDGESIM. A procedure has been defined to assess the technical feasibility of a system based on geocooling and to establish its sizing. A sensitivity study has been performed to assess and show the influences of the main system parameters on the system sizing. The sizing of the borehole heat exchanger field has been evaluated by determining the total borehole length of the boreholes in relation to the heat pump power and the cooling requirements that have to be met by geocooling. The most influential parameters related to thermal requirements are the heat extraction rate from the boreholes, the temperature level in the geocooling distribution and the ratio between the annual heating and cooling energy requirements. The lowest possible heat power and the highest possible temperature have to be identified. It is important to have a large enough temperature difference between the initial ground temperature and the forward fluid temperature in the cooling distribution. The annual cooling energy transferred by geocooling has to be lower than the annual space heating energy, so that the annually injected energy into the boreholes remains smaller than the extracted energy. This will prevent the ground temperature from increasing in the long term and, consequently, reducing the geocooling potential. What influence the geological conditions have, is primarily determined by the ground thermal conductivity. The initial ground temperature of the ground layer crossed by the boreholes, whose value depends on the borehole depth, due to the temperature geothermal gradient, is another main parameter. Other studied parameters are the borehole spacing and the heat transfer capacity of the geocooling heat exchanger that connects the hydraulic circuit of the borehole heat exchangers to the cooling distribution. Simulations have shown that it is important to oversize the heat transfer capacity of the geocooling heat exchanger. The return fluid temperature in the boreholes is, consequently, as high as possible for the benefit of the geocooling potential. With a larger ground thermal conductivity, shorter boreholes may be dug for both space heating and geocooling. Using deeper boreholes, the required borehole length decreases for space heating but increases for geocooling, due to the ground temperature increase. In the case of the reference office building an optimal depth of 150 m was obtained. The simulation of the building and of the active concrete plates has shown that it is possible to cool it with a forward fluid temperature of 22 {sup o}C. With a ground thermal conductivity of 2 W/(mK), an initial ground temperature of 12 {sup o}C close to the surface and a geothermal temperature gradient of 25 K/km, the following sizing parameters were found: (i) specific extracted heat power: 28 W/m (heat power extracted by the heat pump under B0W35 conditions); (ii) specific extracted energy: 43 kWh/(m y); (iii) specific injected heat power: 23 W/m (average geocooling heat power); (iv) specific injected energy: 26 kWh/(m y); (v) ratio injected over extracted energy: 0.6. A 10 borehole heat exchanger fiel d is foreseen, each borehole having a depth of 150 m with a spacing of 8 m between them. The energy cost for heating and cooling is estimated to about 0.10 CHF/kWh, corresponding to annual costs of 5 CHF per square meter of energy reference area. The integration and the optimisation of a geothermal system based on geocooling is therefore a valuable and economically competitive option for an administrative building with active concrete plates. (author)

  19. Final report of the project GICC-MedWater (march 2003/february 2006). Impacts of the climatic change on the hydrological cycle of the mediterranean basin; Rapport final du projet GICC-MedWater (mars 2003/fevrier 2006). Impacts du changement climatique sur le cycle hydrologique du bassin mediterraneen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, L

    2006-03-15

    In the framework of the climatic change, the management of the impacts needs a precise knowledge of the change characteristics at the regional scale. The hydrological cycle is an important component of the mediterranean regional climate. The GICC-MedWater project is placed in the scope of climatic scenari regionalization and studies the characteristics of the climatic warming for the mediterranean basin. The main objective is to propose scenari of the climate evolution, for the mediterranean basin region and the impacts on the general circulation and the biology of Mediterranean Sea. It also includes a validation of the models in order to verify the the quality of the obtained scenari. (A.L.B.)

  20. Energy Research in Switzerland in 2005; Energie-Forschung 2005/Recherche energetique. Ueberblicksberichte der Programmleiter/Rapports de synthese des chefs de programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-05-15

    hydropower issues reported on include the optimisation of turbines, innovations in the small turbine area as well as statistics and potential studies. A number of pilot and demonstration projects are noted. Some of the work listed in the geothermal area includes geo-cooling and pipe-'baskets' used as heat collectors. Also, measurement topics are discussed as are dimensioning and simulation systems. Pilot and demonstration projects are noted. Wind topics reported on include increasing acceptance of wind turbines, the development of innovative components and concepts and the monitoring of ice-formation on rotor blades. Nuclear energy topics include further work done on the STARS accident scenario project, human reliability, material behaviour as well as research on accidents and integral consideration of systems. A further report deals with regulatory safety research in the nuclear area and man-machine interaction as well as a number of further safety topics. Nuclear fusion is reviewed at an international level and work done in Switzerland is reviewed. Finally, the report on the fundamentals of Swiss energy economics reports on the potential for energy-refurbishment of buildings, traffic topics and cost-covering remuneration for electricity from renewables.

  1. Advances in Energy Research in Switzerland in 2000; Energie-Forschung 2000/Recherche energetique. Ueberblicksberichte der Programmleiter/Rapports de synthese des chefs de programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-15

    public information services. Nuclear energy topics include the STARS accident scenario project, human reliability, light-water reactors as well as component safety, accident management, waste disposal and future reactor concepts. A further report deals with regulatory safety research in the nuclear area, reviewing meteorological factors as well as man-machine interaction and corrosion matters. Nuclear fusion is reviewed at an international level and work done in Switzerland is examined. Finally, the report on the fundamentals of Swiss energy economics reports on energy perspectives, analyses costs and economic viability of energy systems and takes a look at electricity declarations and efforts to improve efficiency.

  2. Une analyse d’une production de discours rapporté : l’introduction des tours de parole dans “Hills Like White Elephants” d’Ernest Hemingway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grégoire LACAZE

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette nouvelle d’Ernest Hemingway est construite principalement autour du report de paroles au discours direct des deux personnages principaux. Elle a déjà fait l’objet de nombreuses études critiques, notamment sur le style de son auteur. Nous nous intéressons ici à un aspect souvent négligé dans ces études, l’introduction du discours direct, car celle-ci nous semble relativement importante dans la réception1 de la nouvelle.À partir de cette production de discours rapporté, nous étudierons comment le narrateur choisit d’introduire les différents tours de parole. Cette réflexion, s’inscrivant dans une perspective énonciative, s’appuiera sur une étude grammaticale et sémantique prenant en compte les spécificités du genre de la nouvelle et leur influence sur les choix stylistiques de l’auteur. Une étude statistique sur la composition des structures d’introduction du discours des personnages viendra étayer l’analyse.Hemingway’s short story, “Hills Like White Elephants”, is largely built around a reported dialogue involving two main characters. Although many critical studies have been devoted to this short story, focusing especially on Hemingway’s style, this paper seeks to explore a relatively neglected theme, namely the introduction of direct speech, which acquires significant importance in the reception of the short story.Thanks to the dialogue that materializes as an occurrence of reported speech produced by a reporter, we will study how the narrator chooses to introduce the various turns constituting the dialogue. This analysis, inscribed within the framework of an enunciative approach, aims at pointing out the stylistic devices used by the author. Both linguistic and semantic aspects will be taken into account as well as the specificities induced by the genre of the short story and their influence on the stylistic choices made by the author. The analysis will be backed up with statistical data

  3. MPO B593110 - Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brooksby, C

    2011-07-25

    National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec) shall provide one (1) Mechanical Engineer to support the Linear Collider Subsystem Development Program at Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS). The NSTec Mechanical Engineer's efforts will include engineering, design, and drawing support for the Vacuum Seal Test. NSTec will also provide a final report of the setup and input to LLNL's project management on project status. The NSTec Mechanical Engineer's efforts will also include engineering, design, and drawing support to the conceptual design for manufacturing of the Flux Concentrator Magnet. NSTec will also contribute to LLNS's final report on the Flux Concentrator Magnet. The deliverables are drawings, sketches, engineering documents, and final reports delivered to the LLNS Technical Representative.

  4. 20 CFR 636.11 - Final action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Final action. 636.11 Section 636.11 Employees... HEARINGS § 636.11 Final action. The final decision of the Secretary pursuant to section 166(b) of the Act... Officer's final determination where there has been no such hearing, constitutes final agency action...

  5. Final disposal of radioactive waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freiesleben, H.

    2013-06-01

    In this paper the origin and properties of radioactive waste as well as its classification scheme (low-level waste - LLW, intermediate-level waste - ILW, high-level waste - HLW) are presented. The various options for conditioning of waste of different levels of radioactivity are reviewed. The composition, radiotoxicity and reprocessing of spent fuel and their effect on storage and options for final disposal are discussed. The current situation of final waste disposal in a selected number of countries is mentioned. Also, the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency with regard to the development and monitoring of international safety standards for both spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management is described.

  6. Sprint final pour le LEP

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Press Office. Geneva

    2000-01-01

    Director General's Status Report The Director General, Prof. Luciano Maiani, began his report with the performance of the Laboratory's flagship accelerator, the Large Electron-Positron collider, LEP, during its final year. LEP is achieving its highest energy collisions ever with beams of over 104 GeV, well exceeding its design energy and giving experiments a final chance of discovering the still-elusive Higgs particles before the end of it's experimental programme in September. Thanks to precision data from LEP and elsewhere, scientists already know that Higgs particles, if they exist, must be within range of LEP's successor, the LHC.

  7. CooLED - efficient LED bulbs with custrom optics - final report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wolff, Jesper; Corell, Dennis Dan; Dam-Hansen, Carsten;

    Denne rapport indeholder en beskrivelse af arbejdet udført i og resultaterne af forsknings- og udviklingsprojektet EUDP 64012-0226, CooLED – en ny generation LED Lyskilde for det tidsløse high-end marked....

  8. MINIMARS conceptual design: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume contains the following sections: (1) fueling systems; (2) blanket; (3) alternative blanket concepts; (4) halo scraper/direct converter system study and final conceptual design; (5) heat-transport and power-conversion systems; (6) tritium systems; (7) minimars air detritiation system; (8) appropriate radiological safety design criteria; and (9) cost estimate

  9. Module Utilization Committee. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1984-03-01

    Photovoltaic collector modules were declared surplus to the needs of the US Department of Energy. The Module Utilization Committee was formed to make appropriate disposition of the surplus modules. The final report of that committee accounts for that disposition. The membership and activities of the committee are set forth and the results of its activities are reported.

  10. Hadronic final states at HERA

    CERN Document Server

    Bussey, P J

    2015-01-01

    Measurements of hadronic final states by H1 and ZEUS at HERA are presented. The H1 measurements consist of measurements of charged particle spectra in deep -inelastic $ep$ scattering and of forward photons and neutrons. The ZEUS results consist of a series of measurements of prompt photons in photoproduction.

  11. Final storage of radioactive waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As explained in the present article, operators of nuclear power plants are responsible for the safe final disposal of the radioactive wastes they produce on the strength of the polluter pays principle. To shift the burden of responsibility for safe disposal to society as a whole would violate this principle and is therefore not possible. The polluter pays principle follows from more general principles of the fair distribution of benefits and burdens. Instances of its implementation are to be found in the national Atomic Energy Law as well as in the European Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management Directive. The polluters in this case are in particular responsible for financing the installation and operation of final disposal sites. The reserves accumulated so far for the decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear power plants and disposal of radioactive wastes, including the installation and operation of final disposal sites, should be transferred to a public-law fund. This fund should be supplemented by the polluters to cover further foreseeable costs not covered by the reserves accumulated so far, including a realistic cost increase factor, appropriate risk reserves as well as the costs of the site selection procedure and a share in the costs for the safe closure of the final disposal sites of Morsleben and Asse II. This would merely be implementing in the sphere of atomic law that has long been standard practice in other areas of environmental law involving environmental hazards.

  12. MINIMARS conceptual design: Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J.D. (ed.)

    1986-09-01

    This volume contains the following sections: (1) fueling systems; (2) blanket; (3) alternative blanket concepts; (4) halo scraper/direct converter system study and final conceptual design; (5) heat-transport and power-conversion systems; (6) tritium systems; (7) minimars air detritiation system; (8) appropriate radiological safety design criteria; and (9) cost estimate. (MOW)

  13. 2003 annual report; Rapport annuel 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is the 2003 annual report of the French general direction of energy and raw materials (DGEMP) of the Ministry of economy, finances and industry. It presents the main highlights of the year 2003: national facts: energy situation of France, the summer 2003 heat wave and the climatic change, the prevention of power outages, the electricity prices and the opening of markets, the new natural gas transportation tariffs, the specificity of power generation and distribution and the economy of hydrocarbons in overseas territories, the petroleum market, the impact of the Iraq crisis, the closing down of coal mines, the safety and environmental improvements of La Hague and Marcoule nuclear facilities, the start-up of ANDRA's Aube plant for the storage of low level radioactive wastes; international facts: the revival of French-Russian exchanges, China: the new actor of the international scene, Alcan's takeover bid of Pechiney and the birth of the first aluminium world group, the revival of the 2003 Euro-Mediterranean energy partnership, the French-Algerian energy relationship, IEA's ministerial conference of April 28-29, the international action in the domain of nuclear safety and security, the world nuclear revival; energy policy trends: from the debate to the energy trend law for a sustainable energy policy, the development of renewable energies: which power generation, the stakes of the energy policy on the climatic changes, hydrogen as tomorrow's energy vector, the reference costs of power generation, a simpler and more efficient energy statistics tool, DGEMP's energy observatory prospects and scenarios for 2030 and 2050, the voluntaristic dams safety policy, the new technological challenges of the petroleum industry, the new Manosque-Berre pond pipeline for the supply of strategic stockpiles, the French office of geological and mining researches (BRGM) and its activities towards the public, tomorrow's uranium industry, ITER and the nuclear fusion stake. (J.S.)

  14. 1997 annual report; Rapport annuel 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    This 1997 issue of the annual report of the French Commissariat a l`Energie Atomique (CEA) gives a general overview of the CEA organization, activities, human resources, international relations and communication with some budgetary information. The main activities described concern the national defence, the fuel cycle, the nuclear reactors, the nuclear protection and safety, the advanced technologies, the quasi-particles, the effects of ionizing radiations on humans, the medical imagery, the transfer of technology, the protection and valorization of knowledge, the radioactive wastes and spent fuels management, the training and teaching, the scientific prizes, the committees, councils and commissions. (O.M.)

  15. 2002 materials report; Rapport materiaux 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This report is the very first devoted to the researches carried out in all centres of the French atomic energy commission (CEA) in the domain of materials. Each material, technology or process is presented with some explanations. The report is divided in three chapters dealing with: 1 - the nano-materials and the engineering of surfaces: surface functionalization (new coatings for cutting tools, new CVD process for the deposition of carbon nano-tubes, nano-structured metallic films, polymerization by gaseous phase deposition, electro-chromium systems, functional coatings by sol-gel process, sol-gel processing of optical fibers, modeling of the plasma projection process); nano-particulates and emerging materials (synthesis of SiCN nano-particulates by laser pyrolysis, hot-forming of Si/C/N/O nano-metric powders by isostatic compression, synthesis of aligned carbon nano-tubes by pyrolysis of mixed aerosols, elaboration and characterization of new oxide-type materials in supercritical CO{sub 2} phase, fluorescent semiconductor nano-crystals for labelling, fibrillary proteins and their behaviour at interfaces); 2 - materials engineering and numerical materials (simulation of the welding process by YAG laser pulses, welded joints reliability, control of precipitation microstructures by the addition of nucleating agents, optimization of pressing cycles for the forming of industrial parts by matrix compaction, mechanical and thermal pre-dimensioning of thermo-structural composites, modeling of the behaviour of thermo-structural composites, joints follow up system for innovative welding control process); joining technologies (feasibility study for the fabrication by diffusion welding of the first wall panels of ITER reactor, welding of spent fuel containers for long lasting storage, electron beam welding of aluminium 6061 and hot cracking risk, hybrid welding technology, heat source model for TIG welding, cladding of the amplifying plates of the Megajoule laser facility); advanced processes and high temperature materials (superalloys microstructure and creep behavior, ferromagnetic micro-wires elaboration and magnetic properties, development of a new thermo-stable polymer, technical thermo-plastics); 3 - materials for new energy technologies (membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), new catalysts for PEMFC, materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), micro-fuel cells, hydrogen storage materials, micro-concentrators for photovoltaic cells, improvement of lithium battery performances). (J.S.)

  16. Environmental challenges. Report 2000; Miljoeutfordringer. Rapport 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Essentially, this report discusses the environment conservation efforts of Statkraft SF. Statkraft SF is Norway's largest producer of hydroelectric power. A section on the environmental impacts of hydroelectric energy production discusses biological diversity, outdoor life, cultural monuments and environments, hazardous chemicals, waste treatment, climate change and air pollution. A section on new renewable energy sources deals with wind power, hydrogen and ''salt power''. Salt power is an application of osmotic pressure. Other sections describe life cycle analyses, environmental costs of different energy carriers, environmental labelling of electric energy, safety, health, international projects etc. Some of the sections explicitly state national goals.

  17. 2001 annual report; Rapport annuel 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This document is the 2001 annual report of the French union of the petroleum industry (UFIP). It summarizes the highlights of the petroleum industry activity in France in 2001 and gives some additional information about the production, refining and distribution of petroleum products in the rest of the world. (J.S.)

  18. Scientific report 1999; Rapport scientifique 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This scientific report of the Fuel Cycle Direction of the Cea, presents the Direction activities and research programs in the fuel cycle domain during the year 1999. The first chapter is devoted to the front end of the fuel cycle with the SILVA process as main topic. The second chapter is largely based on the separation chemistry of the back end cycle. The third and fourth chapters present studies of more applied and sometimes more technical developments in the nuclear industry or not. (A.L.B.)

  19. Annual report 2002; Rapport annuel 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    The european market of electric power is characterized by a relative surplus production capacity. To analyse the market this document presents the european market evolution, the operators and their external growing mastership, the organization principles evolution and the development of the european networks. The second part devoted to the french market opening and regulation, presents the french market evolution, the new freedom space for the market operators, the network access, the implementing of the accounting separation and the public utility. The last part deals with the CRE (regional company of the electric power) operating, its methods, activities and action principles. Statistical data and graphs illustrate the document. (A.L.B.)

  20. Annual report 2003; Rapport annuel 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Delivering products and services to nuclear power plants operators, AREVA operates in every sector of the civilian nuclear power and fuel cycle industry. This annual report 2003 provides, in seven chapters, information on persons responsible for the annual report and for auditing the financial statements, general information on the company and share capital (statute, capital, share trading, dividends), information on company operations, changes and future prospects, assets, financial position and financial performance, corporate governance, recent developments and future prospects. (A.L.B.)

  1. 1998 status report; Rapport annuel 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    Since its creation in 1945, the activities of Cea have been centered on the study and development of the pacific use of nuclear energy and on assuring the credibility of nuclear deterrent. This status report presents the research programs led by Cea in 1998. The main topics are: the designing of reactor cores, fuel cycle, nuclear safety, radiation protection, the activities for defense, high technologies for industry, biology and fundamental sciences. The quality of research work is assured by an independent and regular assessment of the scientific activities. (A.C.)

  2. 1996 scientific report; Rapport scientifique 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berhouet, F.; Delavault, E.; Dupuy, P.; Legre, J.; Comte, M.; Panek, H.; Martin-Daguet, V.; Fleche, J.L.; Meis, C.; Kupecek, Ph.; Mennerat, G.; Mauchien, P.; Chaleard, C.; Kocon, S.; Lacour, J.L.; Gueneau, C.; Dauvois, V.; Gonella, C.; Berhier, C.; Lameille, J.M. [CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. des Procedes d`enrichissement] [and others

    1997-12-31

    This report presents the work realized in 1996 by CEA-DCC (Direction du Cycle du Combustible). The main study fields are: laser beam stabilization, copper vapor laser (LVC) modelling, vapor density measurements, light transport in thick vapor, uranium evaporation, GdR-PRACTIS activities, uranyl organo phosphates, actinide extraction, ultra son in chemistry, oxidation mechanisms, salt free processes, tributyl phosphate (TBP) stability, cation exchanging membranes, filtering mineral membranes, liquid-liquid extraction processes, centrifugal contactor, supercritical phase, iodine reduction, weapon plutonium reprocessing, long term waste packaging, clay behaviour modelling; gas formation in deep storages, water-clay chemical interaction, nuclear glass behaviour, actinide storage dies, radionuclide release in storage, waste storage dies, iodine conditioning, cesium extraction by calix[4]arene molecules, decontamination foam, oxidation by supercritical water, decontamination by electrolysis, microorganism actions on metals, long life radionuclide determination in wastes, active and passive tomography, sulfated wastes, zircon-titanates ceramics, direct storage of irradiated fuel, caramel type fuel dismantling, radioprotection calculation codes, diffraction of backscattered electrons, infrared light coherent source, optical spectrometry, physical and chemical aspect of corium, iron-nickel-chromium alloy corrosion, natural uranium perspective, Atalante installation, interlaboratory comparisons. (A.C.)

  3. 1996 annual report; Rapport annuel 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheller, M. [CEO, 75 - Paris (France)

    1996-12-31

    The 1996 annual report of the French national office of aerospace studies and researches (ONERA) presents the missions, organization, financial and operating highlights, sites and workforce, research activity, facilities, international relations and human resources of this company. ONERA`s research goals are the following: spanning the spectrum of civil and military aircraft requirements, feeding the booming civil aviation market, the development of tomorrow`s supersonic transport, the French-German cooperation on future helicopters design, design of aircraft and missile navigation instruments, applied research and simulation on turbo-machineries, development support for Ariane rocket and reentry vehicles, earth and space observation, ground and airborne radars, tactical and strategic missiles, hypersonic propulsion, development of new materials and enhanced numerical simulation. (J.S.)

  4. 1996 annual report; Rapport annuel 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    This 1996 issue of the annual report of the French Commissariat a l`Energie Atomique (CEA) gives a general overview of CEA organization, activities, human resources, international relations and external communication with some budgetary informations. The main activities described concern the national defence, the fuel cycle, the nuclear reactors, the condensed matter and life sciences, the advanced technologies, the protection and transfer of knowledge and technologies, the environmental activities, the management and processing of nuclear wastes, the nuclear protection and safety, the technical and scientific information, the teaching and training, the scientific prizes, the committees, councils and commissions. (J.S.).

  5. Status report 1999; Rapport Annuel 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    This 1999 annual report of the french Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (Cea), gives a general overview of its activities, organization and international relations. The main subjects presented are: the energy policy in the nuclear energy (fuel cycle, reactors, management,thermonuclear fusion) the national defense contribution, the research program, the nuclear safety, the technology assessment, the valorization and transfer of knowledge, the scientific prices and the committees, councils and commissions. (A.L.B.)

  6. Internationalisation; KonKraft-rapport 4; Internasjonalisering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2008-07-01

    Internationalisation has made rapid progress in the Norwegian petroleum cluster the last decade, due to a long range of important technological breakthroughs and innovations from the Norwegian continental shelf. Such innovations have created the basis for internationalization, i.e. innovation has led to internationalisation, not vice versa. Internationalisation has caused a substantial increase in the activity level of the Norwegian petroleum sector and has been a major factor in the creation of new work-places. There are no indications that the strong international growth has expelled activities from the Norwegian continental shelf. The strong international position which certain environments have achieved is clearly a result of the willingness to invest in new technology on the Norwegian continental shelf and implementing the same technology. Innovation in the home market has acted as a key opener for internationalisation. The interaction between the petroleum industry on the Norwegian continental shelf and the Norwegian and international subcontracting industry together with the research sector gives results. At the same time the global onshore and offshore market is growing fast and transforming. National oil companies are increasingly important for the Norwegian petroleum cluster. They often make demands on local presence and local content in goods and services, but they also have an increasing need for advanced technology in order to meet their growth ambitions. The study shows that it is not sufficient that Norwegian-owned companies win contracts on the international markets to make the Norwegian oil- and gas environment internationally competitive. Norway must also present itself as an interesting base for these companies. Production, sales and service may take place in the markets, but the head offices and competence building activities must be located to and take place in Norway. Failing to meet this demand means that the Norwegian environment will disintegrate. The obvious strategy to pursuit is to strengthen Norway's position as a dynamic and leading competence center for oil- and gas activities. Recruitment and development of sufficient competencies is generally a major challenge for the oil- and gas trade. Shortage of human capital leads to increased wage pressure which in the long run may weaken profits and competitiveness. In some of the petroleum clusters the companies try to find solutions to counteract the negative effects of the battle for the best brains. Through the project KonKraft INTSOK has unveiled high ambitions concerning increased internationalisation throughout the Norwegian petroleum cluster, except for Northern Norway. Here there is still an opposition against activities in the region, as well as in the Barents sea. INTSOK's intention with the project has been to describe its multitude. Therefore eight very different environments where selected to make a closer study on the development in different regions. The environments represent a variety of sizes, geography and trades. Some of the clusters are new or under establishment, others are already in full operation. Together the eight environments cover a major part of the value chain in the Norwegian offshore sector. The project has clearly demonstrated that cluster development contributes both to internationalisation as well as keeping the companies in Norway. Some main findings: The positive development in the drilling cluster of Southern Norway - the Node cluster - has created strong impact: The cluster ranks among the world's leading on drilling equipment and barely any oil or gas environment has had a similar expansion. The Kongsberg environment is not an offshore cluster, but an overall technology cluster where offshore applications is one of several technology areas. The companies develop and produce a broad range of advanced products and systems. The turnover among the offshore companies amounts to 65% of the total turnover for the cluster. The Kongsberg cluster is an example of mutually reinforcing effects between internationalisation and cluster development. Internationalisation has brought competence, networking and experience to the cluster. International owners have strengthened the momentum of internationalization.The Stavanger region has its core activities and competence within well technology represented with more than one hundred companies. The region is now working actively in order to further develop the business cluster within well technology. Research environments at IRIS (International Research Institute of Stavanger) and the University of Stavanger are playing important roles in the further development of this knowledgeable and future-oriented area of technology.The total maritime business cluster in Moere and Romsdal represents around 180 companies and more than 17,000 employees. This study has concentrated on the 13 offshore service companies which employ more than 4,000 employees.

  7. Rapport om DanDiaSyn-projektet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Henrik; Hagedorn, Karen

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen gør rede for hovedprincipperne bag det indsamlingsarbejde om dansk dialektsyntaks som forfatterne deltog i 2007-9......Artiklen gør rede for hovedprincipperne bag det indsamlingsarbejde om dansk dialektsyntaks som forfatterne deltog i 2007-9...

  8. Annual report 1999; Rapport annuel 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This report presents the activities of the Cogema group, its reports on management and its financial situation for the year 1999: boards of directors, executive committee and steering committee, main consolidated data, year 1999 highlights, group activities (mining-chemistry, enrichment, reprocessing-recycling and associated transport operations, engineering, services to industry), organization chart of the consolidated Cogema group, financial statements, directory. (J.S.)

  9. Progress report; Rapport d'activite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    This report presents a selection of results that were obtained by CEREM's teams in 1999. These results are arranged into a series of themes: (i) preparation, fabrication and forming of materials, (ii) surface treatment, (iii) energy storage, (iv) remote handling equipment, (v) corrosion, (vi) physical properties of materials, (vii) non-destructive testing, and (viii) applications of ionizing radiations.

  10. Annual report 1998; Rapport annuel 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The aim of this report is to outline the main developments of the ''Section de Recherches de Metallurgie Physique'' (SRMP), during the year 1998: developments in terms of structure, staff, scientific research programs, publications and contracts. SRMP is one of the section of the ''Direction des Techniques Avancees'' (DTA), itself depending of the CEA Institution. This report is divided in five chapters. The first chapter presents the research programs in the domain of cohesion and kinetics. The chapter 2 gathers studies on materials under irradiation and other external forcing. The chapter 3 deals with surfaces and interfaces phenomena. The chapter 4 gathers researches on the new materials as superconductors and nano-materials. The last chapter deals with the methodology and the instrumentation development. English abstracts are provided. (A.L.B.)

  11. Annual report 1998; Rapport annuel 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    Associated to the CEA, the CEA-Industry subsidiaries and the whole Group submit a very satisfying financial, economic and technological accounting which able to play a major role in international cooperations and to satisfy the shareholders. To illustrate these results, this annual report presents the activities of the CEA-Industry group during the year 1998. It is divided in eight chapters. The first six chapters gives general information and main financial data on respectively the CEA-Industry Group profile, economics, the fuel cycle, the nuclear power plants, the nuclear medicine and the semiconductors. The chapter 7 deals with the financial results of the fiscal year 1998 and the last chapter is devoted to the management report of the administration council. (A.L.B.)

  12. Bloemen in containers beter bekeken : samenvattend rapport

    OpenAIRE

    Harkema, H.; Westra, E.H.; Boerrigter, H.A.M.

    2008-01-01

    Verslag naar onderzoek voor zes bloemsoorten (Amaryllis, Freesia, Hyuacint, Lelie, Narcis en Tulp) naar de geschiktheid voor langdurig gekoeld transport en de voorwaarden die gesteld moeten worden bij een dergelijk transport. Van acht bloemsoorten (Alliu, Alstroemeria, Anthurium, Chrysant, Cymbidium, Eremureus, Hydrangea en Zantedeschia) is eenamlig de transportgeschikheid en de optimale transporttemperatuur onderzocht.

  13. Annual report 2006; Rapport annuel 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The CEA, a public technological research organization is active in three main areas: energy, health care and information technology and defense and security. Excellence in fundamental research underpins its activities. This annual report presents its activities in three main axis. The defense and security axis where science and technology are working for nuclear deterrence and global security, presents the simulation program, the resources available to the scientific community, the nuclear warheads, the nuclear propulsion, the decommissioning of the Rhone Valley facilities, the fighting against nuclear proliferation and monitoring international treaties and the global security. The second axis deals with energy from nuclear fission and fusion and other technologies that do not emit greenhouse gases: progress for the nuclear industry, coherent set of tools for nuclear research and development, sustainable management of radioactive wastes and materials, nuclear systems of the future and new energy technologies. The third axis is devoted to major breakthroughs in information, communication and health science and technology. The report provides also the 2006 financial report, the CEA organizational structure and the support programs. (A.L.B.)

  14. Scientific report 1998; Rapport scientifique 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The aim of this report is to outline the main developments of the ''Departement des Reacteurs Nucleaires'', (DRN) during the year 1998. DRN is one of the CEA Institution. This report is divided in three main parts: the DRN scientific programs, the scientific and technical publications (with abstracts in english) and economic data on staff, budget and communication. Main results of the Department, for the year 1998, are presented giving information on the reactors technology and safety, the neutronics, the transmutation and the hybrid systems, the dismantling and the sites improvement, the nuclear accidents, the nuclear matter transport, the thermonuclear fusion safety, the fuel cladding materials and radioactive waste control. (A.L.B.)

  15. Annual Report 2000; Rapport annuel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This annual report gives the activities during the year 2000 and information about the General Direction of the Energy and Raw Materials (DGEMP) in France. The highlights of the year are discussed in the main following topics: public utilities, the Erika oil slick, the petroleum products prices increase, the energy efficiency national program, Eole 2005, the nuclear industry management. The french energy accounting, the publications and the organization of the DGEMP are also provided. (A.L.B.)

  16. Scientific report 1997; Rapport scientifique 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gosset, J.; Gueneau, C.; Doizi, D. [CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. des Procedes d' Enrichissement] [and others

    1998-07-01

    In this book are found technical and scientific papers on the main works of the Direction of the Fuel Cycle (DCC) in France. The study fields are: the up-side of the nuclear fuel cycle with theoretical studies (plasma simulation) and technological developments and instrumentation (lasers diodes, carbides plasma projection, carbon 13 enrichment); the down-side nuclear fuel cycle with theoretical studies (ion Eu{sup 3+} complexation simulation, decay simulation, uranium and plutonium diffusion study, electrolyser operating simulation), scenario studies ( recycling, wastes management), experimental studies; dismantling and cleaning (soils cleaning, surface-active agent for decontamination, fault tree analysis); analysis with expert systems and mass spectrometry. (A.L.B.)

  17. 2003 annual report; Rapport annuel 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The 2003 issue of the annual report of the French nuclear safety authority (ASR) presents the activities of the ASR in the following domains: 2003 highlights (the project of law relative to the nuclear transparency and safety, the EPR reactor project, the radioprotection priorities, the inspection of radioprotection, the action plan for the monitoring of patients' exposure to ionizing radiations, the 2003 heat wave and the operation of nuclear power plants, the national plan of radioactive wastes management, the behaviour of long living and high level radioactive wastes, and the European 'nuclear package'), nuclear activities, ionizing radiations and health hazards, organisation of nuclear safety control and radioprotection, radioprotection and nuclear facilities regulation, control of nuclear activities, public information and transparency, international relations, radiological emergency situations, radiological and biomedical activities, industrial and research activities, transport of radioactive materials, safety and radioprotection of nuclear power plants, research and other nuclear facilities, fuel cycle centers, safety of the definitive shut-down and dismantling of nuclear facilities, radioactive waste management and cleansing of polluted sites. (J.S.)

  18. Information report; Rapport d'information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-10-01

    This report concerns the support policy to the development of renewable energy sources. The objectives of this policy are to protect environment against the climatic change, to reinforce the energy independence, to prepare the long term by finding the future energies, to constitute a french industry of renewable energy. A second part studies how the renewable energies can support the fight against the climatic change with the study of the French emissions of carbon dioxide, the heat production with biomass, wood, biogas, the thermal solar energy, the geothermal energy, the challenge of transport is tackled. The third part is devoted to the financial means to support renewable energy sources with fiscality, subventions, financial incentives. (N.C.)

  19. First half financial report; Rapport semestriel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-06-30

    Delivering products and services to nuclear power plants operators, AREVA operates in every sector of the civilian nuclear power and fuel cycle industry. This first half financial report provides information on highlights concerning the nuclear power and the connectors, income statement, performance by division (front end division, reactors and services division, back end division and connectors division), cash flow, balance sheet, post-closing events and consolidated financial statements. (A.L.B.)

  20. Annual report 2001; Rapport annuel 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This document presents the activities and important subjects on researches and developments, of the CEA over the year 2001. The first part deals with the contribution of the CEA to the national defence, the development of the nuclear energy in a sustainable development context, the transfer of the technological innovation to the economical competition, the important programs in fundamental research, the environmental and radiation protection and the human resources. The second part presents the financial report. (A.L.B.)

  1. Annual report 2000; Rapport annuel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This year 2000 annual report of the CEA (atomic energy commissariat) gives a general overview of the CEA activities and organization in the domains of the defence, the nuclear energy the technological research and the fundamental research. It is presented in seven main parts: contribution to national defence, civil nuclear research, technological research for the industry, pushing back the frontiers of scientific knowledge in physics and life science, mastery of installations; institute for protection and nuclear safety, research resources. (A.L.B.)

  2. Annual report 2000; Rapport annuel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This report presents the industrial activities and the financial results of the Framatome group (Framatome-SA) in 2000. and Siemens have merged their nuclear activities and have created Framatome-ANP (advanced nuclear power) owned by Framatome (66%) and Siemens (34%). This new society represents a turnover of 3 millions Euros and a staff of 13.000 employees. In the sector of connectors, FCI (Framatome Connectors International) has reinforced its second position in the world, FCI has enjoyed a high growth in the sector of telecommunication and has created a department dealing with optic fibers. 32% of the activities of Framatome-SA have been performed in France, 26% in North America and 42% in the rest of the world. In 2000 the trading results after having paid taxes reached 306 millions Euros, it represents 6.1% of the turnover. (A.C.)

  3. Progress report; Rapport d'activite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This 2000 issue of the activity report of the CEREM (CEA) gives a general overview of the CEREM organization, activities and human resources with some budgetary information. The main activities described concern the materials fabrication for the nuclear industry and for the medical field, the powder metallurgy, the surface treatments, the joining (by electron beam welding, laser welding, brazing), the electrochemical storage of the energy (SOFC, PEMFC, lithium batteries), the robots for nuclear, automotive and aeronautic industries, the mechanical properties and the cracks, the corrosion and physico-chemistry of fluids, the non-destructive testing and the applications and metrology of ionizing radiations. (O.M.)

  4. Annual report 2000; Rapport annuel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This report presents the activities of the Cogema group, its reports on management and its financial situation for the year 2000: presentation of TOPCO, boards of directors, profile, main consolidated data, year 2000 highlights, group activities (mining-chemistry, enrichment, reprocessing-recycling, engineering, services, sustainable development, health and safety, quality policy, human resources, R and D, communication), organization chart of the consolidated Cogema group, financial statements, directory. (J.S.)

  5. Final disposal of radioactive waste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freiesleben H.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the origin and properties of radioactive waste as well as its classification scheme (low-level waste – LLW, intermediate-level waste – ILW, high-level waste – HLW are presented. The various options for conditioning of waste of different levels of radioactivity are reviewed. The composition, radiotoxicity and reprocessing of spent fuel and their effect on storage and options for final disposal are discussed. The current situation of final waste disposal in a selected number of countries is mentioned. Also, the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency with regard to the development and monitoring of international safety standards for both spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management is described.

  6. MARKET Final Demonstration System Documentation

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, P J; Taylor, S J

    1999-01-01

    This document D5.4 “Final Demonstration System Documentation” describes the public demonstrator for the EC Project MARKET (EP 24456). The MARKET project started on September 1 1997 and ended on June 30 1999. The MARKET project includes the following partners: SPSS Inc (formerly ISL Ltd, UK), IT Innovation Centre (formerly PAC), UK and Somerfield Stores Ltd, UK. Data mining is a maturing technology and application area. However, there are few public case studies demonstrating the power and ben...

  7. relatório final

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Ana Lúcia Nunes da

    2013-01-01

    O presente relatório final visa narrar o percurso formativo, realizado ao longo das práticas educativas em educação pré-escolar e em 1º ciclo do ensino básico. Estas foram efetuadas no âmbito do Mestrado de Educação Pré-Escolar e Ensino do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico, na Escola Superior de Educação de Coimbra. (...)

  8. Financial statement and final accounts

    OpenAIRE

    ČERNÁ, Ilona

    2011-01-01

    The main task of accounting is to inform truthfully and accurately show business assets, the sources from which assets were acquired and the financial situation - the economic result for a certain period of time. These users will find information in public documents of final accounts, which are made statements - balance sheet, profit and loss account and the annex to these financial statements. To ensure the correctness and completeness of the data in the accounting process is an important ba...

  9. NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS - Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Philip Holmes

    2005-12-31

    This document is the final report on the work completed on DE-FG02-95ER25238 since the start of the second renewal period: Jan 1, 2001. It supplements the annual reports submitted in 2001 and 2002. In the renewal proposal I envisaged work in three main areas: Analytical and topological tools for studying flows and maps Low dimensional models of fluid flow Models of animal locomotion and I describe the progess made on each project.

  10. Inelastic final-state interaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Mahiko; Suzuki, Mahiko

    2007-10-29

    The final-state interaction in multichannel decay processes is systematically studied with application to B decay in mind. Since the final-state interaction is intrinsically interwoven with the decay interaction in this case, no simple phase theorem like"Watson's theorem" holds for experimentally observed final states. We first examine in detail the two-channel problem as a toy-model to clarify the issues and to remedy common mistakes made in earlier literature. Realistic multichannel problems are too challenging for quantitative analysis. To cope with mathematical complexity, we introduce a method of approximation that is applicable to the case where one prominent inelastic channel dominates over all others. We illustrate this approximation method in the amplitude of the decay B to pi K fed by the intermediate states of a charmed meson pair. Even with our approximation we need more accurate information of strong interactions than we have now. Nonetheless we are able to obtain some insight in the issue and draw useful conclusions on general features on the strong phases.

  11. Safety report concerning Melusine (after power increase to 4 MW). Descriptive part. Volumes 1 and 2; Rapport de surete de ''melusine'' (apres augmentation de puissance a 4 MW). Partie descriptive. Tomes 1 et 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baas, C.; Delcroix, V.; Jacquemain, M.; Marouby, R.; Meunier, C.; De Robien, E.; Rossillon, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-03-01

    d'avril 1960; 2 MW A partir de septembre 1961; 4 MW a partir de decembre 1965. Diverses modifications ont ete apportees depuis la construction. Elles concernent: - L'adjonction d'une cellule chaude. - Les effluents: 2 cuves de 15 m{sup 3} pour effluents liquides ont ete mises en place. L'installation de regeneration des resines a ete entierement modifiee. - Le batiment: des bureaux ont ete ajoutes - des aires experimentales ont ete construites dans le hall. - L'alimentation electrique. - Les circuits de refroidissement et d'epuration (mise en place d'un second echangeur, remplacement des pompes primaires, creation d'une couche chaude, etc... ). - Les elements combustibles (actuellement elements type MTR enrichis a 90 pour cent). - La piscine (qui a ete munie partiellement d'un revetement en acier inoxydable). - Le coeur (mise en place de 'tabourets', d'un plongeoir, etc...). - La ventilation: le hall a ete mis en depression en fonctionnement normal, en cas d'incident, le hall peut etre isole et un circuit de secours peut etre demarre. Une cheminee a ete installee. - Le hall (qui a ete renforce et dont l'etancheite a ete amelioree). - L'electronique de controle (modifiee dans son principe et maintenant entierement transistorisee). L'ensemble a si profondement evolue que le reacteur n'a plus que de lointains rapports avec la realisation initiale. Il a paru necessaire de faire une breve synthese de ces ameliorations afin de mieux permettre de juger des caracteristiques de surete actuelles de l'installation, caracteristiques du reste beaucoup mieux connues du fait des experiences realisees tant a GRENOBLE au Service des Transferts Thermiques qu'a CADARACHE (Cabri) et TOULON (travaux de M. PASCOUET). (auteurs)

  12. 40 CFR 66.81 - Final action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Final action. 66.81 Section 66.81... COLLECTION OF NONCOMPLIANCE PENALTIES BY EPA Final Action § 66.81 Final action. (a) A final Agency action... State action pursuant to part 67. (b) The actions listed in paragraph (a) of this section...

  13. Revue bibliographique: les méthodes chimiques d'identification et de classification des champignons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verscheure M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Chemotaxonomy of fungi : a review. For few years, advancements of molecular methods and analytical techniques enabled scientists to realise a classification of microorganisms based on biochemical characteristics. This classification, called chemotaxonomy, includes molecular methods and chemical methods which provide additional data and lead to a better identification and/or classification.

  14. Activité volcanique dans le golfe de Cadiz : disponibilité bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Wulff-Barreiro, Enrique

    2007-01-01

    International audience An ocean basin hydrocarbon province is emplaced along the Iberian-Moroccan wedge, in the Gulf of Cadiz. Giant seismically-chaotic bodies with thicknesses exceeding 4 km covers an area as great as 90.000 km2 with potential hydrocarbon reserves revealing the Gulf of Mexico, suitable for petroleum storage. In cooperation with Moroccan institutions the Naval Research Laboratory of the United States carried out in 1999 a series of prospecting with the objective of mapping...

  15. Revue bibliographique : la prise en compte des transferts horizontaux dans les modèles hydrologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beckers, E.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Modelling of interflows in soils: a review. This review sums up the different schemes in hydrological modelling. Moreover, it underlines how the interflows are taken into account and draws the first lines to improve their physically based representation. In the mood of the change in agricultural practices, especially concerning the conventional tillage reduction in support of conservational tillage, it seems to be necessary to propose a better description of decisive parameters like horizontal hydraulic conductivity. More precisely, the dependence of this parameter with the water retention curve has to be described in order to represent fluxes at the plot scale and at the watershed scale. Under these circumstances, an approach with in situ measurements and physically based modelling is suggested.

  16. Le méningiome du chat : étude bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Rajaut, Frédéric

    2001-01-01

    Les tumeurs d'origine nerveuse sont des pathologies rarement identifiées chez le chat. Elles sont sous-estimées car elles touchent préférentiellement les vieux chats qui ne sont plus médicalisés. Cependant, le méningiome est la tumeur intracrânienne la plus fréquente chez ces animaux. La radiologie peut permettre d'identifier les méningiomes essentiellement d'origine médullaire. Cependant, ils sont moins fréquents que ceux d'origine intracrânienne. Les examens complémentaires de choix sont po...

  17. Borehole Breakout. Bibliographic Synthesis L'ovalisation des trous de forages. Synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gauer P.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Natural borehole breakout (borehole cross-section elongation due to the fracturing and spalling of well walls has been used in recent years to determine the direction of stress in the Earth's crust. Its performances and scope of application are compared to those of other methods used in boreholes. An initial selection of information obtained by different logging tools appeared necessary to prevent any contamination of measurements by phenomena independent of deformation under stress. The principal parameters governing the amplitude and frequency of the phenomenon are reviewed. The outlook for the future of the method are examined, including the recent development of research on borehole breakout by the plastic deformation of the surrounding formations. L'ovalisation naturelle des trous de forages par fracturation et écaillage des parois du puits est utilisée, depuis quelques années, pour déterminer la direction des contraintes dans la croûte. Ses performances et son champ d'application sont comparés à ceux des autres méthodes utilisées dans les forages. Une sélection initiale de l'information fournie par les différents outils diagraphiques apparaît nécessaire, pour éviter toutes contaminations des mesures par des phénomènes indépendants de la déformation sous contraintes. Les principaux paramètres contrôlant l'ampleur et la fréquence du phénomène sont passés en revue. Enfin, les perspectives concernant l'avenir de la méthode, et parmi celles-ci le développement récent de l'étude de l'ovalisation par la déformation plastique de l'encaissant, sont examinées.

  18. Synthèse bibliographique : l'écologie chimique des coccinelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durieux, D.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Review: chemical ecology of ladybird beetles. This paper reviews the chemical ecology of ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae to present the role of semiochemicals involved in plant-ladybird, prey-ladybird and predator-ladybird interactions. Ladybird beetles use these compounds to locate their prey, mate, protect themselves from predation or cannibalism, find a shelter to overwinter or ensure a better survival for their offspring. Thorough studies on ladybird behaviors towards these compounds could lead to their practical implementation in integrated strategies using ladybirds to control pests, like aphids or mealybugs.

  19. Le phénomène de coalescence. Etude bibliographique Coalescence Phenomena. A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palermo T.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Nous présentons une revue des différents travaux expérimentaux et théoriques effectués sur le phénomène de coalescence en limitant principalement notre discussion au cas de la coalescence d'une goutte isolée à une interface plane ou déformable. La coalescence se divise en deux phases distinctes : le drainage et la rupture du film interfacial. Ce film est constitué du liquide de la phase continue séparant la goutte de l'interface. La condition de rupture est principalement contrôlée par les forces électrostatiques dues à la double couche et par les forces de Van der Waals. Les résultats expérimentaux mettent en évidence un phénomène de coalescence partielle ainsi que l'existence d'une distribution statistique du temps de coalescence. Ils montrent également l'influence complexe de nombreux paramètres physiques et physico-chimiques sur le temps de coalescence. On rappelle les principaux modèles théoriques décrivant le drainage et la rupture des films liquides. Ces modèles permettent, entre autre, d'aboutir à des expressions mathématiques reliant le temps de coalescence à des paramètres tels que la tension interfaciale, les densités et les viscosités des fluides, la taille des gouttes. The problem linked to the stability of oil-in-water emulsions (e. g. deoiling of water and water-in-oil emulsions (e. g. dehydration of crudes is one of the major problems encountered in the petroleum industry. From the thermodynamic standpoint, an emulsion is always unstable (Fig. I. 1. The kinematic stability characterizing the separation rate of the dispersed phase from the continuous phase can nonetheless be controlled by the coalescence of droplets present in the emulsion (Fig. I. 2. This article reviews various experimental and theoretical works on the phenomenon of coalescence but the discussion is limited mainly to the coalescence of an single drop at a flat or deformable interface. The coalescence of a single drop is governed by the drainage and rupture of the thin liquid film of continuous phase separating it from its homophase or from another drop. Let us consider the coalescence of a drop at an interface (Fig. I. 3. When the distance h between the drop and the interface becomes less or equal to the radius Rd of the drop (h < ou = Rd, the pressure inside the film increases. This pressure is responsible for the apparent immobilization of the drop, its deformation, and the drainage of the film. Depending on the case, the film can then reach either an extreme thickness hf or a critical thickness delta beyond which the film becomes unstable and breaks down. In the latter case there is coalescence. Experimental research has shown the existence of :(a A statistical distribution of the coalescence time (Fig. I. 6. This distribution seems to be linked to the presence of impurities in the systems investigated. (b A phenomenon of partial coalescence (Fig. I. 7. The coalescence of a drop generally occurs in several stages. The experimental results of several authors concerning the influence of physical and physicochemical parameters on the coalescence time are given in Table I. 1. Quantitative as well as qualitative differences can be seen (e. g. influence of the diameter of the drops. Drainage of the filmReynolds model (Fig. II. 1 : We consider the flow of a thin liquid film of viscosity µc between two parallel rigid disks of radius R and area A. The disks are pulled together by an external force F. The thinning rate Vre of the film and the coalescence time tau(re are given by. In this model, the drainage of a film is governed by the viscous dissipations inside this film. In the more general case of a flat or curved film of constant thickness h, these expressions become here n, the number of immobile interfaces, can take the value 0,1 or 2 (Fig. II. 2. The mobilityor immobilityof the interfaces are defined by the following boundary conditions in which vr is the radial component of the fluid velocity. The mobility of an interface in governed by two factors :(a The ratio of the dispersed-phase viscosity to the continuous-phase viscosity. (b The gradient of concentration of the surfactants at the interfaces (Fig. II. 4. In reality, the interfaces are never either perfectly mobile or perfectly immobile. Therefore, the thinning rate expression given above must be altered. It is given by Eq. II. 16 for pure systems, and by Eq. II. 21 in the presence of surfactants. When the external force F corresponds to the forces of gravity, the area of the external film A depends on the Bond number Nbd (Fig. II. 6, given by where g, DeltaP, gamma and Psi represent the acceleration of gravity, the difference in density, the interfacial tension and the volume of the drop respectively. The general expressions of Vre and tau(re are given in Table II. 1. During the coalescence of a drop, the thickness of the film is not uniform. Generally the thickness of the film reaches its maximum at the middle and its minimum at the outer edge (experimental results in Figs. II. 7-11; theoretical results - SLCH model - in Fig. II. 14. This is called the dimple phenomenon and it is due to the existence of a radial pressure gradient inside the film (Figs. II. 15-16. The thinning rate at the outer edge of the film differs from Vre only by a multiplicative constant (Eq. II. 39. Rupture of the filmThe thickness at which disturbances present at the interfaces may develop is called the critical thickness delta. If these disturbances do develop, the film becomes unstable and breaks down causing the coalescence of the drop. The conditions for film rupture are governed by the disjunction pressure Pi, which depends mainly on electrostatic intermolecular forces and Van der Waals forces. Some theoretical results for the critical thickness value and the corresponding coalescence time are given for different cases in the third section (Eqs. III. 12,16,17,18; Table III. 1. Theoretical models of the drainage and the rupture of thin liquid films may explain the experimental results. They allow one to clearly see the influence on the coalescence time of the following factors : the interfacial tension, the fluids density and viscosity, the drops size, the presence of surfactants, and the intermolecular forces.

  20. Revue bibliographique: les méthodes chimiques d'identification et de classification des champignons

    OpenAIRE

    Verscheure M.; Lognay G.; Marlier M.

    2002-01-01

    Chemotaxonomy of fungi : a review. For few years, advancements of molecular methods and analytical techniques enabled scientists to realise a classification of microorganisms based on biochemical characteristics. This classification, called chemotaxonomy, includes molecular methods and chemical methods which provide additional data and lead to a better identification and/or classification.

  1. Revue bibliographique: les methodes chimiques d'identification et de classification des champignons.

    OpenAIRE

    Verscheure, M.; Lognay, Georges; Marlier, M.

    2002-01-01

    For few years, advancements of molecular methods and analytical techniques enabled scientists to realise a classification of microorganisms based on biochemical characteristics. This classification, called chemotaxonomy, includes molecular methods and chemical methods which provide additional data and lead to a better identification and/or classification.

  2. Exclusion scolaire et sociale, analyse bibliographique d’un processus de désaffiliation

    OpenAIRE

    Genovese, Concetta; Passaro Brita, Lucia; Amiguet, Mauro

    2016-01-01

    L’école est un système qui est assez peu préparé à affronter des situations dites délicates. Les élèves sont souvent dans une période de leur vie qui est parfois difficile à gérer. De plus, si des problèmes externes viennent s’ajouter à ceux intrinsèques cela risque d’envenimer les relations professeurs-élèves. Si rien n’est fait en amont, le risque de décrochage ainsi que d’exclusion est fort pour un certain nombre d’entre eux. La réponse la plus fréquente de ces élèves sera de se détacher d...

  3. Synthèse bibliographique: la divinyl éther synthase de plantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauconnier M.L.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Divinyl ether synthase in plants: a review. Divinyl ether synthase, an enzyme of the lipoxygenase pathway transforms, in potato tubers, 9-hydroperoxides of fatty acids into colneleic and colnelenic acid, two divinyl ethers of fatty acids. The enzyme has been described in a limited number of quite different plants. The enzyme has also been detected in tomato roots, garlic bulbs, tobacco plants and in marine algae. The enzyme is bound to membranes and is located in the microsomal fraction. The molecular weight of the enzyme exceeds 100,000 Da, its optimal pH is around 9 and its high specificity for 9-hydroperoxides as substrate is described. The reactional mechanism has been elucidated using radio-labelled molecules. Colneleic and colnelenic acid can be degraded enzymatically or not into aldehydes and oxo-acids. Those last compounds are also formed by the action of hydroperoxide lyase on 9-hydroperoxides of fatty acids. As other enzymes of the lipoxygenase pathway, reaction products of divinyl ether synthase are involved in pathogenic resistance. Colneleic and colnelenic acid content in potato plants has been corelated with resistance to Phytophthora infestans.

  4. Technologie et pratiques bibliographiques associ\\'ees \\`a l'\\'ecriture scientifique en milieu universitaire

    CERN Document Server

    Kembellec, Gérald

    2012-01-01

    Observe and understand the user populations of the Scientific and Technical Information, is preparing to offer appropriate services. This exploratory study provides answers about the uses in the humanities and social sciences as well as hard. We observe also those who assist teachers in their scientific research: the personal in documentation services and libraries. We then outline the considerations and recommendations to guide the functionality of digital services for the research literature.

  5. Theoretical and bibliographic synthesis on micro-heat pipes; Synthese theorique et bibliographique sur les microcaloducs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sartre, V.; Lallemand, M. [Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA), 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

    1996-12-31

    The technology, dimensioning and performances of heat pipes are well known since several years. Micro-heat pipes occurred more recently with the miniaturization of systems to be cooled and the increase of surface heat fluxes to be dissipated. Publications concerning this topic are not much older than the 90`s. Using these papers, a bibliographic synthesis on micro-heat pipe performances, functioning and dimensioning is presented. Experimental studies demonstrate the efficiency of such systems but also their high sensitivity with respect to the capillary limit which leads to a progressive drying of the evaporator and a reduction of its thermal conductance. Theoretical studies are based on the same equations than heat pipes. More or less complex models have been proposed in the literature and a relatively simple model is presented in this paper. These studies have permitted to show the great influence of some parameters on micro-heat pipes functioning like: the pipe geometry, the fluid-wall contact angle, the level of pipes filling, and the bonding zone of the liquid film on the wall. (J.S.) 15 refs.

  6. VT-Final Report 429340

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viehland, Dwight; Priya, Shashank

    2016-09-09

    This is a final report for a transient program that was issued to Virginia Tech as a new program (DE-SC0001450), rather than as a renewal to our existing program (DE-FG02-06ER46290). The renewal proposal was submitted in November 2014, but because of confusion in the negotiations got issued as a new program. Subsequently, a correction was made where the new program (DESC0001450) was terminated, and a renewal to the existing program (DE-FG02-06ER46290) issued. About $8,000 was expended on the new program before the mistake was discovered, and actions begun to correct it. The Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Virginia Tech issued a ‘Letter of Guarantee’ to the University to continue work while the issues were sorted out. The renewal proposal (DE-FG02-06ER46290) that was eventually funded was the same one as the new proposal (DE-SC0001450) that was initially funded. The $8,000 expended on the new proposal was subtracted from the eventual amount given in the renewal proposal. Here, we submit the final report for this new program (DE-SC0001450) that was erminated. Since the Statement of Work was identical to the renewal proposal (DE-FG02-06ER46290), we submit to you as the final report for the new program (DE-SC0001450) the same information that we submitted as our annual report for DE-FG02-06ER46290 that was submitted to the progra manager (Refik Kortan) in June 2016.

  7. Étude des équilibres thermodynamiques des réactions de gazéification en vue de l'optimisation du rapport vapeur/comburant injecté dans un gazogène souterrain Study of Thermodynamic Equilibria in Gasification Reactions So As to Optimise the Steam/Oxidizer Ratio Injected Into an Underground Gas Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirard J. P.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cette étude est de déterminer sur la base des équilibres thermodynamiques des réactions de gazéification le rapport vapeur/comburant à injecter dans un gazogène fonctionnant sous pression pour optimaliser les compositions, les pouvoirs calorifiques, les rendements de gazéification et la consommation d'agent gazéifiant. The aim of this study is to determine, on the basis of the thermodynamic equilibria of gazification reactions, the steam/oxidizer ratio to be injected into a gas generator operating under pressure so as to optimize the compositions, the heating values, the gasification efficiencies and the consumption of gasifying agent.

  8. La complexité des rapports intergénérationnels dans les familles ouvrières du Maghreb The complexity of intergenerational relations in working-class families from North Africa : the example of the « diagonal of generations »

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Delcroix

    2009-01-01

    La question des générations et des rapports entre générations traverse de part en part les familles ouvrières originaires du Maghreb. On se place ici du point de vue des parents et de leur projet : celui d'aider leurs enfants à se construire un avenir quand on est issu du monde ouvrier, confronté à la pauvreté, au racisme et à la raréfaction des emplois industriels. Dans ce contexte général l'article traite de deux phénomènes. Le premier touche à la transmission que font certaines familles – ...

  9. [Experimental nuclear physics]. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the final report of the Nuclear Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington on work supported in part by US Department of Energy contract DE-AC06-81ER40048. It contains chapters on giant dipole resonances in excited nuclei, nucleus-nucleus reactions, astrophysics, polarization in nuclear reactions, fundamental symmetries and interactions, accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), ultra-relativistic heavy ions, medium energy reactions, work by external users, instrumentation, accelerators and ion sources, and computer systems. An appendix lists Laboratory personnel, a Ph. D. degree granted in the 1990-1991 academic year, and publications. Refs., 41 figs., 7 tabs

  10. Virtualized Network Control. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghani, Nasir [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2013-02-01

    This document is the final report for the Virtualized Network Control (VNC) project, which was funded by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science. This project was also informally referred to as Advanced Resource Computation for Hybrid Service and TOpology NEtworks (ARCHSTONE). This report provides a summary of the project's activities, tasks, deliverable, and accomplishments. It also provides a summary of the documents, software, and presentations generated as part of this projects activities. Namely, the Appendix contains an archive of the deliverables, documents, and presentations generated a part of this project.

  11. Final inspection of photomask blanks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schubert, Fredi; Sauerbrei, Hartmut; Aschke, Lutz; Knapp, Konrad

    2001-04-01

    In order to increase the quality in manufacturing of future photon mask generations Schott Lithotec is brought in a brand new, much increased automatic laser inspection system into a new manufacturing line of photo mask blanks. It is in a position to detect additionally to the standard defect types further defect types like dim- and bright-chrome defects. The resolution of the system is less than 100 nm. With a quickly inspecting time per blank of less than three minutes and for the first time in the world used automatic SMIF-pod-handling this is a tool for the 100 percent final inspection in the manufacturing of photo mask blanks.

  12. Hydroprocessing SRC. Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bronfenbrenner, J.C.; Garg, D.; Harris, C.F.; Znaimer, S.

    1983-09-01

    Catalyst activity and aging rate were studied in ICRC's process development unit (PDU) and at the Wilsonville Advanced Coal Liquefaction Facility under SRC-I Demonstration Plant hydroprocessing conditions. Similar studies using both high- and low-conversion modes were conducted by The Lummus Company. The studies determined variations in SRC conversion, hydrocarbon gas production, hydrogen consumption, and heteroatom removal. Samples of spent catalyst were analyzed to ascertain the reasons for catalyst deactivation. Finally, the ICRC PDU hydroprocessing results were compared with those generated at Lummus and Wilsonville pilot plants.

  13. [Experimental nuclear physics]. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-04-01

    This is the final report of the Nuclear Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington on work supported in part by US Department of Energy contract DE-AC06-81ER40048. It contains chapters on giant dipole resonances in excited nuclei, nucleus-nucleus reactions, astrophysics, polarization in nuclear reactions, fundamental symmetries and interactions, accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), ultra-relativistic heavy ions, medium energy reactions, work by external users, instrumentation, accelerators and ion sources, and computer systems. An appendix lists Laboratory personnel, a Ph. D. degree granted in the 1990-1991 academic year, and publications. Refs., 41 figs., 7 tabs.

  14. Space tug applications. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    This article is the final report of the conceptual design efforts for a `space tug`. It includes preliminary efforts, mission analysis, configuration analysis, impact analysis, and conclusions. Of the several concepts evaluated, the nuclear bimodal tug was one of the top candidates, with the two options being the NEBA-1 and NEBA-3 systems. Several potential tug benefits were identified during the mission analysis. The tug enables delivery of large (>3,500 kg) payloads to the outer planets and it increases the GSO delivery capability by 20% relative to current systems. By providing end of life disposal, the tug can be used to extend the life of existing space assets. It can also be used to reboost satellites which were not delivered to their final orbit by the launch system. A specific mission model is the key to validating the tug concept. Once a mission model can be established, mission analysis can be used to determine more precise propellant quantities and burn times. In addition, the specific payloads can be evaluated for mass and volume capability with the launch systems. Results of the economic analysis will be dependent on the total years of operations and the number of missions in the mission model. The mission applications evaluated during this phase drove the need for large propellant quantities and thus did not allow the payloads to step down to smaller and less expensive launch systems.

  15. Space tug applications. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article is the final report of the conceptual design efforts for a 'space tug'. It includes preliminary efforts, mission analysis, configuration analysis, impact analysis, and conclusions. Of the several concepts evaluated, the nuclear bimodal tug was one of the top candidates, with the two options being the NEBA-1 and NEBA-3 systems. Several potential tug benefits were identified during the mission analysis. The tug enables delivery of large (>3,500 kg) payloads to the outer planets and it increases the GSO delivery capability by 20% relative to current systems. By providing end of life disposal, the tug can be used to extend the life of existing space assets. It can also be used to reboost satellites which were not delivered to their final orbit by the launch system. A specific mission model is the key to validating the tug concept. Once a mission model can be established, mission analysis can be used to determine more precise propellant quantities and burn times. In addition, the specific payloads can be evaluated for mass and volume capability with the launch systems. Results of the economic analysis will be dependent on the total years of operations and the number of missions in the mission model. The mission applications evaluated during this phase drove the need for large propellant quantities and thus did not allow the payloads to step down to smaller and less expensive launch systems

  16. The final portrait of Christ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fauteux, K

    1989-09-01

    Artistic presentations of Jesus are as numerous and varied as the artists who created them. Whether on canvas or in music, Jesus has been portrayed as a redeemer, revolutionary, teacher, and clown. While some people are inspired by a particular presentation of Jesus, others are angered and incensed at what they perceive to be blasphemous. An example of the latter is Martin Scorsese's film, "The Last Temptation of Christ." This article examines why people responded so negatively to this and other artistic presentations of Jesus. It suggests they have failed to recognize how the portrayal reflects a personal experience of the artist and is not meant to be a final portrait of Christ. And on a more unconscious level, these works of art evoke feelings within people which they fear to acknowledge and which they escape by condemning the work. PMID:24276910

  17. Basic Energy Research. Final Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the final report of a research programme that covered the need for long-term basic research in Norway within the main fields of new renewable energy sources and hydroelectric power. For the hydropower part, emphasis was placed on the environmental consequences and several projects have been done, with different approaches. Other aspects of hydropower have also been supported, such as dam safety and flow in water paths connected to turbines. Within the field of renewable energies, priority was given to solar energy and bio energy. Research on hydrogen as an energy carrier has also been supported; the programme mainly targeted universities and the research institutes, and the education of PhD's has been a priority. The programme was funded through the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the budget was 33 million NOK for the period 1997 - 2000

  18. 15 CFR 908.6 - Final report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... activity on which weather modification activities were conducted, segregated by each of the major purposes... final weather modification activity occurred. ... SUBMITTING REPORTS ON WEATHER MODIFICATION ACTIVITIES § 908.6 Final report. Upon completion of a...

  19. The relevancy of the right concept in fighting air pollution caused by particulates and NO2. What is not in the 2008 state-of-the-art report of the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and Environment (RIVM); De relevantie van het juiste ontwerp bij bestrijding van de luchtverontreiniging door fijn stof en NO2. Wat er ontbreekt in het status 2008-rapport van het RIVM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schildwacht, P.; Schoenmaker, E. [Bureau Ecologie en Landbouw, Wageningen (Netherlands)

    2009-04-15

    In a recent report ('Effects of greenery on air quality. Status 2008) RIVM provides an overview of currently available data on greenery and air quality. They have limited themselves to reports and publications with concrete results, involving both calculations and measurements. The subtitle 'Status 2008' is out of place, though. The authors neglected to describe an important contribution to the discussion whether greenery helps in the fight against air pollution, i.e. the fact that consecutive rows of greenery hedges with the right composition and permeability will have a larger positive impact than the described experiments seem to indicate. This contribution of the consecutive hedges is focused upon in this article. At the end of the article the authors of the above-mentioned report give their response. [Dutch] In een recent rapport ('Effecten van groen op de luchtkwaliteit. Status 2008') heeft het RIVM een overzicht gemaakt van de momenteel beschikbare gegevens ten aanzien van groen en luchtkwaliteit. Zij hebben zich daarbij beperkt tot rapporten en publicaties die concrete resultaten vermelden. Dat betreft zowel berekeningen als metingen. De ondertitel Status 2008 van dat rapport is echter misplaatst. De auteurs hebben een belangrijke bijdrage aan de discussie of groen helpt bij de bestrijding van luchtverontreiniging niet beschreven, namelijk dat in meerdere opeenvolgende hagen geplaatst groen van de juiste samenstelling en doorlaatbaarheid een groter positief effect zal hebben dan de beschreven experimenten lijken aan te geven. Die bijdrage van opeenvolgende hagen vormt de kern van dit artikel. Aan het eind van het artikel een reactie van de auteurs van het hierboven genoemde rapport.

  20. Northeast Oregon Hatchery Project final siting report. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the results of site analysis for the Bonneville Power Administration Northeast Oregon Hatchery Project. The purpose of this project is to provide engineering services for the siting and conceptual design of hatchery facilities for the Bonneville Power Administration. The hatchery project consists of artificial production facilities for salmon and steelhead to enhance production in three adjacent tributaries to the Columbia River in northeast Oregon: the Grande Ronde, Walla Walla, and Imnaha River drainage basins. Facilities identified in the master plan include adult capture and holding facilities; spawning incubation, and early rearing facilities; full-term rearing facilities; and direct release or acclimation facilities. The evaluation includes consideration of a main production facility for one or more of the basins or several smaller satellite production facilities to be located within major subbasins. The historic and current distribution of spring and fall chinook salmon and steelhead was summarized for the Columbia River tributaries. Current and future production and release objectives were reviewed. Among the three tributaries, forty seven sites were evaluated and compared to facility requirements for water and space. Site screening was conducted to identify the sites with the most potential for facility development. Alternative sites were selected for conceptual design of each facility type. A proposed program for adult holding facilities, final rearing/acclimation, and direct release facilities was developed

  1. 25 CFR 575.9 - Final assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Final assessment. 575.9 Section 575.9 Indians NATIONAL... § 575.9 Final assessment. (a) If the respondent fails to request a hearing as provided in part 577 of this chapter, the proposed civil fine assessment shall become a final order of the Commission....

  2. 27 CFR 72.39 - Final action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Final action. 72.39... Remission or Mitigation of Forfeitures § 72.39 Final action. (a) Petitions for remission or mitigation of forfeiture. (1) The Director shall take final action on any petition filed pursuant to these...

  3. 33 CFR 52.64 - Final action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Final action. 52.64 Section 52.64... OF MILITARY RECORDS OF THE COAST GUARD Judgment and Disposition § 52.64 Final action. (a) The Board, provided that it acts unanimously, may take final action on behalf of the Secretary, pursuant to 10...

  4. L’audace de la culpabilité : les États-Unis et le rapport UNODC sur le crime organisé / The Audacity of Guilt: The U.S. and the UNODC’s Report on Organized Crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominick M. F.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Comme cela avait été prédit l’an dernier dans cette revue, le cancer des cartels de la drogue mexicains s’est métastasé et des discours impolitiques sur la « faillite de l'état » et sur son impact concernant la politique étrangère et intérieure américaine se sont répandus, bien que restants encore relativement discrets.Parmi ces considérations et discours sur les perspectives effrayantes de la violence toujours croissante et terrifiante au Mexique – et même dans les débats qui ont entouré le lancement du rapport de Antonio Maria Costa « UNODC’s 2010 Drug and Organized Crime Reports » à New York et à Washington, D.C., l’été dernier – rares sont pourtant ceux qui pointent du doigt vers la cause première de la guerre perdue contre les drogues illégales, à savoir la demande américaine de cocaïne, de marijuana, d’opiacés et de drogues synthétiques et ses corolaires : approvisionnement et distribution criminels ; blanchiment d'argent et armes. Cet article cherche à enrichir les analyses sur la situation critique du Mexique en soulignant l’étendue et l’ancrage profond de l'usage illégal de stupéfiants et des autres délits liés aux drogues dans la société américaine, tant au niveau public que privé. Par exemple, au niveau fédéral, les standards en matière d’enquête préalables et de délivrance des habilitations de sécurité ont été, pendant les vingt-cinq dernières années, assouplis à un point tel qu’un passé « drug-free » (sans drogue est l'exception et non pas la règle pour l’emploi dans les services publics gouvernementaux.Les révélations les pires et les plus critiques sont celles qui concernent ces fonctionnaires de haut niveau, élus et/ou nommés, qui ont corrompu l'état de droit aux Etats-Unis en justifiant et/ou en mentant sur leurs propres culpabilités passées et présentes. C'est seulement au travers de la mise en œuvre de la formule « sunshine government

  5. IRIS Final Technical Progress Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M. D. Carelli

    2003-11-03

    OAK-B135 This NERI project, originally started as the Secure Transportable Autonomous Light Water Reactor (STAR-LW) and currently known as the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) project, had the objective of investigating a novel type of water-cooled reactor to satisfy the Generation IV goals: fuel cycle sustainability, enhanced reliability and safety, and improved economics. The research objectives over the three-year (1999-2002) program were as follows: First year: Assess various design alternatives and establish main characteristics of a point design; Second year: Perform feasibility and engineering assessment of the selected design solutions; Third year: Complete reactor design and performance evaluation, including cost assessment These objectives were fully attained and actually they served to launch IRIS as a full fledged project for eventual commercial deployment. The program did not terminate in 2002 at the end of the NERI program, and has just entered in its fifth year. This has been made possible by the IRIS project participants which have grown from the original four member, two-countries team to the current twenty members, nine countries consortium. All the consortium members work under their own funding and it is estimated that the value of their in-kind contributions over the life of the project has been of the order of $30M. Currently, approximately 100 people worldwide are involved in the project. A very important constituency of the IRIS project is the academia: 7 universities from four countries are members of the consortium and five more US universities are associated via parallel NERI programs. To date, 97 students have worked or are working on IRIS; 59 IRIS-related graduate theses have been prepared or are in preparation, and 41 of these students have already graduated with M.S. (33) or Ph.D. (8) degrees. This ''final'' report (final only as far as the NERI program is concerned) summarizes the work performed

  6. Final disposal of nuclear waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear industry argues that high level radioactive waste can be safely disposed of in deep underground repositories. As yet, however, no such repositories are in use and the amount of spent nuclear fuel in ponds and dry storage is steadily increasing. Although the nuclear industry further argues that storage is a safe option for up to 50 years and has the merit of allowing the radioactivity of the fuel to decay to a more manageable level, the situation seems to be far from ideal. The real reasons for procrastination over deep disposal seem to have as much to do with politics as safe technology. The progress of different countries in finding a solution to the final disposal of high level waste is examined. In some, notably the countries of the former Soviet Union, cost is a barrier; in others, the problem has not yet been faced. In these countries undertaking serious research into deep disposal there has been a tendency, in the face of opposition from environmental groups, to retreat to sites close to existing nuclear installations and to set up rock laboratories to characterize them. These sites are not necessarily the best geologically, but the laboratories may end up being converted into actual repositories because of the considerable financial investment they represent. (UK)

  7. Customized PEC modules. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soerensen, Martin B. (DTI, Taastrup (Denmark))

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of the project ''Customized PEC modules'' was to move from the production hand-made individual DSCs (dye-sensitized solar cells) in the laboratory to the production of DSC modules in a semi-automated process. At the same time allowing sufficient variation in the product's specification for real tailoring of the product to the application. The tailoring can be related to the module's electrical output and size, but also to the possibility of designing patterns for decoration or communication purposes by playing around with the shape, size and layout of the individual cells forming the module. This was to be accomplished mainly by screen printing of DSC components on glass substrates at Mekoprint. For reaching this goal the work was divided into a number of steps. The central part of the work done was in the initial conception activity and the following manufacturing activity. An activity regarding optimization included several tasks of optimization and adaptation of the existing laboratory process for manufacturing of the DSCs. Finally, work focused on international activities was done. All the steps needed for the production of customized DSC modules have been demonstrated in this project. In combination with the development of a high performing printable sealant and sealing method all the prerequisites for producing customized DSC modules have been demonstrated. (LN)

  8. Final disposal of nuclear waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1995-10-01

    The nuclear industry argues that high level radioactive waste can be safely disposed of in deep underground repositories. As yet, however, no such repositories are in use and the amount of spent nuclear fuel in ponds and dry storage is steadily increasing. Although the nuclear industry further argues that storage is a safe option for up to 50 years and has the merit of allowing the radioactivity of the fuel to decay to a more manageable level, the situation seems to be far from ideal. The real reasons for procrastination over deep disposal seem to have as much to do with politics as safe technology. The progress of different countries in finding a solution to the final disposal of high level waste is examined. In some, notably the countries of the former Soviet Union, cost is a barrier; in others, the problem has not yet been faced. In these countries undertaking serious research into deep disposal there has been a tendency, in the face of opposition from environmental groups, to retreat to sites close to existing nuclear installations and to set up rock laboratories to characterize them. These sites are not necessarily the best geologically, but the laboratories may end up being converted into actual repositories because of the considerable financial investment they represent. (UK).

  9. Final report for DESC0004031

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitchin, John [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    2016-08-08

    In this project we aim to develop new multicomponent oxide-based electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction using combined theoretical and experimental approaches. We use density functional theory to compute the electronic structure and reactivity proxies of model oxide materials. From the understanding generated from these calculations, we synthesize materials and characterize their oxygen evolution activity. We use in situ spectroscopic methods to characterize oxide electrodes under reaction conditions. We also develop new data sharing strategies to facilitate the reuse of our data by others. Our work has several potential impacts of interest to DOE. First, the discovery of new oxygen evolution electrocatalysts directly affects the efficiency of many energy-related processes from hydrogen generation to air separation and electrochemical fuel synthesis. Second, we have identified new ways to promote the oxygen evolution reaction for some materials through the electrolyte. This opens new pathways to improving the efficiency of processes involving oxygen evolution. The ability to characterize electrodes under operating conditions enables new insights into the actual structure and composition of the materials, which we are finding are not the same as the as prepared materials. Finally, DOE has significant need and interest in improving the ability to share data among researchers.

  10. FINAL SCIENTIFIC/TECHNICAL REPORT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Satish Mohapatra

    2011-12-21

    Dynalene Inc has developed and patented a fuel cell coolant with the help of DOE SBIR Phase I and Phase II funding (Project DE-FG02-04ER83884). However, this coolant could only be produced in lab scale (500 ml to 2 L) due to problems in the optimization and scale-up of a nanoparticle ingredient. This project optimized the nanoparticle production process in 10 L and 100 L reactors (which translates to about 5000 gallons of coolant), optimized the filtration process for the nanoparticles, and develop a high throughput production as well as quality control method for the final coolant formulation. Scale-up of nanoparticle synthesis (using emulsion polymerization) is an extremely challenging task. Dynalene researchers, in collaboration with a university partner, identified all the parameters affecting the size, charge density and coagulation characteristics of the nanoparticles and then optimized these parameters to achieve the goals and the objectives of this project. Nanoparticle synthesis was demonstrated to be reproducible in the 10 L and 100 L scales.

  11. Impact of dynamic traffic management on air quality. Final report of a study on the impact of dynamic traffic management on the air quality along highways; Invloed DVM op de luchtkwaliteit. Eindrapport onderzoek naar het effect van dynamisch verkeersmanagement op de luchtkwaliteit langs snelwegen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drewes, W.; Fransen, W. [DHV, Amersfoort (Netherlands)

    2009-12-15

    Within the Air Quality Innovation programme (IPL) a broad survey has been carried out on the possibilities of Dynamic Traffic Management (DTM) to improve air quality. This report finalizes the survey that was carried out within the IPL, and summarizes the results of the separate reports. Next to this final report, also a recommendation was made with regard to applying DTM to improve air quality. The final report starts with a comprehensive summary of the results of all the sub-surveys. In addition, for each sub-survey and other relevant publications, used in preparing the recommendation, the key issues and abstracts are presented. [Dutch] Binnen het Innovatieprogramma Luchtkwaliteit (IPL) is breed onderzoek gedaan naar de mogelijkheden om met Dynamisch Verkeersmanagement (DVM) de luchtkwaliteit te verbeteren. Dit rapport sluit het onderzoek dat binnen het IPL is uitgevoerd af en vat de afzonderlijk gerapporteerde resultaten samen. Naast dit eindrapport is ook een toepassingsadvies gericht op het inzetten van DVM ter verbetering van de luchtkwaliteit opgesteld. Het eindrapport begint met een integrale samenvatting van de resultaten van alle deelonderzoeken. Daarnaast zijn van elk deelonderzoek en andere relevante publicaties die gebruikt zijn bij het opstellen van het toepassingsadvies de kernpunten en beknopte samenvattingen opgenomen.

  12. Shortlist Master plan Wind Monitoring fish eggs and larvae in the southern North Sea: final report Part A en B

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damme, van C.J.G.; Hoek, R.; Beare, D.J.; Bolle, L.J.; Bakker, C.; Barneveld, van E.; Lohman, M.; Os-Koomen, van E.; Nijssen, P.J.M.; Pennock, I.; Tribuhl, S.V.

    2011-01-01

    In dit rapport worden de resultaten gepresenteerd van twaalf maandelijkse ichthyoplankton surveys, uitgevoerd van april 2010 tot maart 2011, in de zuidelijke Noordzee. Doel van dit onderzoek is het monitoren van de ruimtelijke en temporele verspreiding van viseieren en vislarven op het Nederlandse C

  13. 75 FR 80068 - Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Report/Final Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Report/ Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Southern California Edison Eldorado-Ivanpah Transmission Project... (CPUC) have prepared a Final Environmental Impact Report (EIR)/Final Environmental Impact Statement...

  14. Integrated sequence analysis. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NKS/RAK subprojet 3 'integrated sequence analysis' (ISA) was formulated with the overall objective to develop and to test integrated methodologies in order to evaluate event sequences with significant human action contribution. The term 'methodology' denotes not only technical tools but also methods for integration of different scientific disciplines. In this report, we first discuss the background of ISA and the surveys made to map methods in different application fields, such as man machine system simulation software, human reliability analysis (HRA) and expert judgement. Specific event sequences were, after the surveys, selected for application and testing of a number of ISA methods. The event sequences discussed in the report were cold overpressure of BWR, shutdown LOCA of BWR, steam generator tube rupture of a PWR and BWR disturbed signal view in the control room after an external event. Different teams analysed these sequences by using different ISA and HRA methods. Two kinds of results were obtained from the ISA project: sequence specific and more general findings. The sequence specific results are discussed together with each sequence description. The general lessons are discussed under a separate chapter by using comparisons of different case studies. These lessons include areas ranging from plant safety management (design, procedures, instrumentation, operations, maintenance and safety practices) to methodological findings (ISA methodology, PSA,HRA, physical analyses, behavioural analyses and uncertainty assessment). Finally follows a discussion about the project and conclusions are presented. An interdisciplinary study of complex phenomena is a natural way to produce valuable and innovative results. This project came up with structured ways to perform ISA and managed to apply the in practice. The project also highlighted some areas where more work is needed. In the HRA work, development is required for the use of simulators and expert judgement as

  15. Santa Barbara Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hacker, Angela; Hansen, Sherman; Watkins, Ashley

    2013-11-30

    This report serves as the Final Report for Santa Barbara County’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) BetterBuildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) award from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This report explains how DOE BBNP funding was invested to develop robust program infrastructure designed to help property owners complete energy improvements, thereby generating substantial outcomes for the local environment and economy. It provides an overview of program development and design within the grant period, program accomplishments and challenges to date, and a plan for the future sustainability of emPower, the County’s innovative clean energy and building efficiency program. During the grant period, Santa Barbara County’s emPower program primarily targeted 32,000 owner occupied, single family, detached residential homes over 25 years old within the County. In order to help these homeowners and their contractors overcome market barriers to completing residential energy improvements, the program developed and promoted six voluntary, market-based service areas: 1) low cost residential financing (loan loss reserve with two local credit unions), 2) residential rebates, 3) local customer service, 4) expert energy advising, 5) workforce development and training, and 6) marketing, education and outreach. The main goals of the program were to lower building energy use, create jobs and develop a lasting regional building performance market. These services have generated important early outcomes and lessons after the program’s first two years in service. The DOE BBNP funding was extended through October 2014 to enable Santa Barbara County to generate continued outcomes. In fact, funding related to residential financing remains wholly available for the foreseeable future to continue offering Home Upgrade Loans to approximately 1,300 homeowners. The County’s investment of DOE BBNP funding was used to build a lasting, effective, and innovative

  16. Large Block Test Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, W

    2001-12-01

    . Sections 5 through 9 report the measurements made on the block during the preheating, heating, and cooling phases. These measurements include temperature, thermal conductivity and diffusivity, hydrological measurements (electrical resistivity, neutron logging, gas pressure, and relative humidity), geomechanics, selected chemical analyses, and microbial activity. These sections also include analyses and simulations of the block behavior. Finally, conclusions are presented in Section 10. Complete data sets were submitted during the time the test was conducted. The data tracking numbers (DTNs) of all of the data are presented in Table 1-1.

  17. Integrated sequence analysis. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andersson, K.; Pyy, P

    1998-02-01

    The NKS/RAK subprojet 3 `integrated sequence analysis` (ISA) was formulated with the overall objective to develop and to test integrated methodologies in order to evaluate event sequences with significant human action contribution. The term `methodology` denotes not only technical tools but also methods for integration of different scientific disciplines. In this report, we first discuss the background of ISA and the surveys made to map methods in different application fields, such as man machine system simulation software, human reliability analysis (HRA) and expert judgement. Specific event sequences were, after the surveys, selected for application and testing of a number of ISA methods. The event sequences discussed in the report were cold overpressure of BWR, shutdown LOCA of BWR, steam generator tube rupture of a PWR and BWR disturbed signal view in the control room after an external event. Different teams analysed these sequences by using different ISA and HRA methods. Two kinds of results were obtained from the ISA project: sequence specific and more general findings. The sequence specific results are discussed together with each sequence description. The general lessons are discussed under a separate chapter by using comparisons of different case studies. These lessons include areas ranging from plant safety management (design, procedures, instrumentation, operations, maintenance and safety practices) to methodological findings (ISA methodology, PSA,HRA, physical analyses, behavioural analyses and uncertainty assessment). Finally follows a discussion about the project and conclusions are presented. An interdisciplinary study of complex phenomena is a natural way to produce valuable and innovative results. This project came up with structured ways to perform ISA and managed to apply the in practice. The project also highlighted some areas where more work is needed. In the HRA work, development is required for the use of simulators and expert judgement as

  18. Final Report Package_Winnebago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carolyn Stewart, Director, Red Mountain Energy Partners

    2006-10-31

    The Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska energy options study results will be used to advance the Tribe’s near term energy management objectives. The array of energy options identified allows the Tribe to select those activities that best fit its energy strategies, goals and objectives. During the course of the study, Red Mountain analyzed both energy options and energy organizational alternatives suitable for the Tribe, presented findings to the Tribal Council, and made recommendations regarding each. Work products delivered to the Tribe, and provided in the Final Report included: • A matrix of energy management options applicable to the Tribe, which provided descriptions of particular conservation, efficiency, weatherization, and demand management alternatives. The matrix also provided insight about relative costs of the alternatives, cost/benefit efficacy, ease of implementation, resources for implementing, and observations about each. • A matrix of utility service options applicable to the Tribe, describing each of the four alternatives described above. The matrix also provided insight about key benefits of each option, required resources, costs and timeframe for implementation, funding sources and analysis, and key issues for consideration. • Discussion guides prepared for each meeting between the Energy Committee and Council, and the Tribe’s contractor, Red Mountain Energy Partners, which included preliminary analysis and findings. • A Position Description for the Energy Manager position, which was reviewed by the Tribal HR Department, and used by the Tribe to develop a position posting. • A Utility Code designed for Winnebago to use in establishing its Utility Board, and, ultimately, to provide guidance for the Board’s further development. • A project summary book developed to include all key information, deliverables and utility provider data for the project. Winnebago’s growth trends and expansion plans require the Tribe to play a more active

  19. Temperature buffer test. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aakesson, Mattias [Clay Technology AB, Lund (Sweden)

    2012-04-15

    The Temperature Buffer Test (TBT) is a joint project between SKB/ANDRA and supported by ENRESA (modelling) and DBE (instrumentation), which aims at improving the understanding and to model the thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior of buffers made of swelling clay submitted to high temperatures (over 100 deg C) during the water saturation process. The test has been carried out in a KBS-3 deposition hole at Aspo HRL. It was installed during the spring of 2003. Two steel heaters (3 m long, 0.6 m diameter) and two buffer arrangements have been investigated: the lower heater was surrounded by rings of compacted Wyoming bentonite only, whereas the upper heater was surrounded by a composite barrier, with a sand shield between the heater and the bentonite. The test was dismantled and sampled during the winter of 2009/2010. This report is the final report and a summary of all work performed within the TBT project. The design and the installation of the different components are summarized: the depositions hole, the heating system, the bentonite blocks with emphasis on the initial density and water content in these, the filling of slots with sand or pellets, the retaining construction with the plug, lid and nine anchor cables, the artificial saturation system, and finally the instrumentation. An overview of the operational conditions is presented: the power output from heaters, which was 1,500 W (and also 1,600 W) from each heater during the first {approx}1,700 days, and then changed to 1,000 and 2,000 W, for the upper and lower heater respectively, during the last {approx}600 days. From the start, the bentonite was hydrated with a groundwater from a nearby bore-hole, but this groundwater was replaced with de-ionized water from day {approx}1,500, due to the high flow resistance of the injections points in the filter, which implied that a high filter pressure couldn't be sustained. The sand shield around the upper heater was hydrated from day {approx}1,500 to day {approx}1

  20. PRIMA-X Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenz, Daniel [German Research School for Simulation Sciences GmbH, Aachen (Germany); Wolf, Felix [German Research School for Simulation Sciences GmbH, Aachen (Germany)

    2016-02-17

    Darmstadt) starting February 1st, 2015, the project ended at GRS on January 31st, 2015. This report reflects the work accomplished at GRS until then. The work of GRS is expected to be continued at TU Darmstadt. The first main accomplishment of GRS is the design of different thread-level aggregation techniques. We created a prototype capable of aggregating the thread-level information in performance profiles using these techniques. The next step will be the integration of the most promising techniques into the Score-P measurement system and their evaluation. The second main accomplishment is a substantial increase of Score-P’s scalability, achieved by improving the design of the system-tree representation in Score-P’s profile format. We developed a new representation and a distributed algorithm to create the scalable system tree representation. Finally, we developed a lightweight approach to MPI wait-state profiling. Former algorithms either needed piggy-backing, which can cause significant runtime overhead, or tracing, which comes with its own set of scaling challenges. Our approach works with local data only and, thus, is scalable and has very little overhead.

  1. Indian Child Welfare Act Proceedings. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-14

    This final rule adds a new subpart to the Department of the Interior's (Department) regulations implementing the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), to improve ICWA implementation. The final rule addresses requirements for State courts in ensuring implementation of ICWA in Indian child-welfare proceedings and requirements for States to maintain records under ICWA.

  2. FameLab - Swiss Semi Finals

    CERN Multimedia

    Corinne Pralavorio

    2012-01-01

    Twenty-two young scientists participated in the FameLab semi-final at CERN's Globe of Science and Innovation on 4 February, supported by a large audience and by more than 100 fans following via webcast. A panel of judges chose Lemmer and four other candidates to join five other semi-finalists at the national finals in Zurich on 30 March.

  3. 29 CFR 1990.147 - Final action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Final action. 1990.147 Section 1990.147 Labor Regulations...) IDENTIFICATION, CLASSIFICATION, AND REGULATION OF POTENTIAL OCCUPATIONAL CARCINOGENS Regulation of Potential Occupational Carcinogens § 1990.147 Final action. (a) Within one hundred twenty (120) days from the last day...

  4. 24 CFR 7.37 - Final action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... with 29 CFR 1614.110, then the decision of the EEOC Administrative Judge shall become the final action... Department dismisses an entire complaint under 29 CFR 1614.107, receives a request for an immediate final decision or does not receive a reply to the notice issued under 29 CFR 1614.108(f), the Department...

  5. 37 CFR 2.64 - Final action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Final action. 2.64 Section 2... COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Examination of Application and Action by Applicants § 2.64 Final action. (a) On the first or any subsequent reexamination or reconsideration the refusal of...

  6. Final measurement. Deliverable D5.3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holtzer, A.C.G.; Giessen, A.M. van der; Djurica, M.; Gruber, G.; Krengel, M.; Kokkinos, P.; Varvarigos, M.; Prusa, J.; Schulting, H.W.; Holzmann-Kaiser, U.; Schmoll, C.; Hatzakis, I.; Silva, F.M. da; Reymund, A.; Strebler, R.; Moreno, J.J.R.; Munoz, C.G.; Gheorghe, G.; Nikolopoulos, V.; Mavridis, T.; Bektas, O.; Yuce, E.; Volk, M.; Sterle, J.; Skarmeta, A.

    2015-01-01

    This deliverable D5.3 presents the GEN6 Final Measurement. It describes the outputs, outcomes and impact of the GEN6 project, based on other project deliverables inputs of the pilot leaders of the active GEN6 pilots and the individual consortium partners. The final measurement aims to show the amoun

  7. 40 CFR 142.55 - Final schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Final schedule. 142.55 Section 142.55... schedule. (a) Within 30 days after the termination of the public hearing pursuant to § 142.54, the... schedule as necessary and prescribe the final schedule for compliance and interim measures for the...

  8. 19 CFR 122.85 - Final airport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Final airport. 122.85 Section 122.85 Customs... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Procedures for Residue Cargo and Stopover Passengers § 122.85 Final airport. When an aircraft enters at the last domestic airport of discharge, the traveling general...

  9. More with thermal energy storage. Report 10. Options for a combination of heat and cold storage with soil sanitation. Overview of techniques and new options. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 10. Mogelijkheden voor combinatie van KWO met bodem-sanering. Overzicht van technieken en nieuwe mogelijkheden. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Vries, E. [Bioclear, Groningen (Netherlands); Hoekstra, N. [Deltares, Delft (Netherlands)

    2012-06-01

    The project More With Thermal Energy Storage (MMB, abbreviated in Dutch) focuses on knowledge gaps and potential opportunities regarding open systems. The main questions to be answered are: (1) What effects (hydrological, thermal, microbiological and chemical) occur in the soil system by application of thermal energy storage; (2) Which technical options are available for a sustainable integration of thermal energy storage in the water and energy chain?; (3) Is it possible to achieve multiple objectives by using smart combinations? The project is organized in different work packages. In work package 2, the effects of individual and collective thermal energy storage storage systems on subsoils and the environment are determined. In work package 3 the opportunities for thermal energy storage and soil remediation are examined, while in work package 4 the focus is on new sustainable combinations of heat and cold storage. Work package 1 is the umbrella part where communication and policy of and participation in MMB are the main subjects. In this report, an overview is given of available methods and systems for soil remediation. Next, potential combinations of thermal energy storage systems and sanitation systems are assessed taking into account the following criteria: energy efficiency, achieving the remediation target, cost efficiency, lifetime [Dutch] Het project Meer Met Bodemenergie (MMB) richt zich op het invullen van kennisleemtes en mogelijke kansen ten aanzien van open systemen. De belangrijkste vragen waarop het onderzoeksprogramma MMB antwoord geeft zijn: (1) Welke effecten (hydrologisch, thermisch, microbiologisch en chemisch) treden op in het bodemsysteem bij toepassing van bodemenergie?; (2) Welke technische mogelijkheden zijn er voor het duurzaam inpassen van bodem-energie in de water- en energieketen?; (3) Is het mogelijk om meerdere doelstellingen tegelijk te verwezenlijken door slimme combinaties te maken? Het project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. In dit onderzoek is een overzicht gemaakt van beschikbare saneringsmethoden en bodemenergiesystemen. Vervolgens zijn potentiele combinatieconcepten getoetst aan de volgende criteria: behoud van energierendement; halen van de saneringsdoelstelling; kostenefficientie; lange levensduur (het uitblijven van putverstopping)

  10. Detailed feasibility study of a small-hydro power plant in Zerni on the municipal drinking water supply; Etude detaillee de faisabilite pour l'installation d'une petite centrale sur l'adduction d'eau potable de Zerni - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reul, B. [MHyLab, Montcherand (Switzerland); Perruchoud, A. [SierreEnergie SA, Sierre (Switzerland)

    2009-02-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at a project for the realisation of a small hydro-power plant on the municipal drinking water supply of the city of Sierre, Switzerland. The installation is to be made at the site of a new reservoir in Zerni. The report presents details on the hydrological data and the dimensioning of the installation. The hydrological installations and the turbine foreseen are described and discussed, as are the applicable water regulations. The electricity production expected is discussed, as is the economic viability of the project.

  11. Nitrogen treatment from digestat of biogas plants in a moving bed biofilm reactor; Projet de recherche pilote. Traitement de l'azote des digestats issus d'installations de biogaz au moyen d'un reacteur a biofilm sur support mobile - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roches, S.; Bakx, T.; Membrez, Y. [EREP SA, Aclens (Switzerland); Baggenstos, M.; Chappaz, A. [Wabag Water Technology Ltd, Winterthur (Switzerland); Holliger, Ch. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, EPFL, Laboratory for Environmental Biotechnology, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2010-11-15

    Ammonia emissions are a source for polluting ecosystems, causing in particular acidification and eutrophication of the affected areas. In Switzerland 90% of the atmospheric ammonia emissions are due to agriculture, mostly during storage and use of animal manures and slurries. Anaerobic digestion of these manures and slurries produces renewable energy and stabilises the agricultural effluents. However, it does not solve the ammonia problem; on the contrary, it releases an additional amount of ammonium while mineralizing a large part of the organic nitrogen. A previous study dealing with the biological removal of ammonia from digested manures was conducted at the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, EPFL. It has shown that it is possible to obtain simultaneously a conversion of ammonium and nitrogen removal in a same continuously aerated aerobic reactor, using a mobile support for fixing the biomass. The obtained efficiencies were high, with 90% of the ammonium being converted of which 80% as N{sub 2}-gas. This current study proposed to test the process at pilot scale, to evaluate the transferability of the technique to a full-scale application and to determine the operating parameter. The results are as follows: (i) It is possible to obtain high nitrification and denitrification rates without pre-treating the digestat or adding a carbon source; (ii) Biochemical reactions are extremely sensitive to the oxygenation rate, which in turn is very sensitive to the liquid characteristics in the reactor, such as the dry matter content. It fairly complicates maintaining simultaneous nitrification and denitrification; (iii) At a minimum hydraulic residence time of 4 days, over 90% of the ammonium is converted and 85% of it is removed. These results provide the basic design parameters for a full-scale installation. Depending on the performance desired, it would have a volume going from 30 to 60 m{sup 3} for a 400 m{sup 3} digester. The aeration rate would be between 300 and 600 Nm{sup 3}/h while the annual costs are estimated between CHF 36,000 and CHF 50,000. This amount, which includes amortisation and usage charges, corresponds to a range between 12 and 20 CHF per m{sup 3} of effluent treated, which is relatively low compared to conventional biological treatment systems. (authors)

  12. Définition des réseaux de surveillance DCE de la qualité des masses d’eau côtières de l’île de Mayotte - Rapport final Tome 1 Synthèse et propositions

    OpenAIRE

    Turquet, Jean; Nicet, Jean Benoit; Cambert, Harold; Denis, Yves; Gonzalez, Jean-Louis; Bigot, Lionel; Guyomarch, Julien; Budzinski, Helene; Tapie, Nathalie; Jamon, Alban; Pribat, B

    2010-01-01

    Les prochaines échéances imposées par le calendrier de la Directive Cadre sur l’Eau sur les eaux côtières visent à atteindre ou à restaurer le bon état qualitatif et quantitatif de toutes les masses d’eau d'ici l'horizon 2015. Ces objectifs nécessitent la définition du bon état chimique des masses d’eaux, l’évaluation des tendances et la mise en place des programmes de mesures.

  13. Elaboration of the methodological referential for life cycle analysis of first generation biofuels in the French context; Elaboration d'un referentiel methodologique pour la realisation d'Analyses de Cycle de Vie appliquees aux biocarburants de premiere generation en France. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This study was made under the particular context of a strong growth of biofuels market, and the implication of French and European public authorities, and certain Member States (Germany, Netherlands, UK), for the development of certification schemes for first generation biofuels. The elaboration of such schemes requires a consensus on the methodology to apply when producing Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of biofuels. To answer this demand, the study built up the methodological referential for biofuels LCAs in order to assess the Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions, fossil fuels consumptions and local atmospheric pollutants emissions induced by the different biofuel production pathways. The work consisted in methodological engineering, and was accomplished thanks to the participation of all the members of the Technical Committee of the study. An initial bibliographic review on biofuels LCAs allowed the identification of the main methodological issues (listed below). For each point, the impact of the methodological choices on the biofuels environmental balances was assessed by several sensitivity analyses. The results of these analyses were taken into account for the elaboration of the recommendations: - Consideration of the environmental burdens associated with buildings, equipments and their maintenance - Quantification of nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) emissions from fields - Impact of the Land Use Change (LUC) - Allocation method for the distribution of the environmental impacts of biofuel production pathways between the different products and coproducts generated. Within the framework of this study, we made no distinction in terms of methodological approach between GHG emissions and local pollutants emissions. This results from the fact that the methodological issues cover all the environmental burdens and do not require specific approaches. This executive summary presents the methodological aspects related to biofuels LCAs. The complete report of the study presents in addition methodological issues specific to fossil fuels pathways. The study was commissioned by the ADEME - Departement Bio-resources, the Minister of Agriculture and Fishing, the ONIGC, the IFP and the Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Land Settlement (DGEMP, D4E, DPPR). A Committee was set up to provide a technical support for the analysis of the methodological issues, in order to reach a consensus for the elaboration of the recommendations presented in this document. This Committee involved representatives of the biofuels and petroleum pathways (PROLEA, BENP, Cristal Union, Lyondell and TOTAL), representatives of Technical Institutes (ARVALIS, CETIOM, ITB, ITERG), representatives of the National Institute for Agronomical Research, representatives of the car industry (PSA, Renault), representatives of a waste-treatment company (VEOLIA), representatives of an association for the protection of environment (Reseau Action Climat) and representatives of a Union of Cooperatives (COOP. IN VIVO)

  14. Renewal of the small hydro power plant 'La Foulaz' on the river Orbe in Vallorbe, Switzerland; Rehabilitation de la petite centrale hydroelectrique de la Foulaz sur l'Orbe a Vallorbe. Etude d'avant projet - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chenal, R.; Denis, V. [La Foulaz Energies SA, Vallorbe (Switzerland); Chuat, O. [RWB Eau et Environnement SA, Cernier (Switzerland)

    2009-08-15

    For now nearly four centuries, hydro power is used on the site named 'La Foulaz' on the river Orbe in the Vallorbe municipal territory. The existing small-scale hydro power plant is under neglect since 1970, although it enjoys a permanent water usage concession of 4.2 m{sup 3}/s. Since June 2008 the company 'La Foulaz Energie SA' owns the site and the water concession and is planning the renewal of the hydro power plant. The plan is to replace the existing permanent water flow rate usage concession by a higher water flow rate usage one of reasonable but limited duration. Reliable hydrological data are available from the Swiss Federal Administration as well as from the electricity utility 'Romande Energie SA' that operates the 'La Dernier' hydro power plant located up-stream. According to these data the design flow rate of 10 m{sup 3}/s has been selected for the new 'La Foulaz' plant. The available water head for the turbine is in the range 1.46 to 3-00 m, depending on the flow rate in the river Orbe. The average annual power production is estimated to 708,000 kWh. The peak electrical power would be 164 kW. With a cost recovery time of 25 years the production cost is estimated to 25 Swiss cents/kWh. This just enables to balance the budget. (author)

  15. Méthodologie de cartographie du risque érosion - Application de la méthodologie développée par le CETE Méditerranée - Études de cas pour des talwegs de premiers ordres

    OpenAIRE

    PINEY, Stéphane; KOPP, Sébastien

    2010-01-01

    Suite au rapport Étude bibliographique de trois méthodologies appliquées au risque érosion d’août 2009, et aux perspectives énoncées en vue d’une cartographie départementale du risque ruissellement, nous nous sommes intéressés plus particulièrement aux talwegs de premiers ordres (d’ordres 1 à 3), en vue de déterminer dans quelle mesure la méthodologie de détermination des zones inondées développée par le CETE Méditerranée était susceptible de cartographier de façon satisfais...

  16. Inventory evaluation and prognosis of NORM residues for the final disposal in a radioactive waste final repository. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report on the evaluation and prognosis of NORM residues for the final disposal covers the following issues: scope of the project; practice of release of NORM residues for utilization and disposal and its impact on the mass balance of NORM wastes; compilation of the amount of NORM residues with improbable clearance from radiation protection monitoring; identification of so far existing storage sites and interim storage possibilities and their capacities; NORM residues that are not released from radiation surveillance and need presumably the delivering to a radioactive waste repository; estimation of cost and evaluation of economic aspects for the options interim storage and final disposal; options for the final disposal of NORM wastes.

  17. La taille démographique – critère qui souligne fidèlement les rapports réciproques entre la population du secteur montaigneux de la vallée de la Moldavie et l’ environnement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Despina VASILCU

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Le critère concernant la taille des localités rurales met en évidence les rapports entre la population et l’environnement et sa connaissance permet la proposition des solutions adéquatesconcernant l’ aménagement du territoire, et surtout les problèmes de l’ équipement technique du réseau des habitats ruraux, processus qui doit se dérouler en concordance avec le niveausocio – économique de chaque localité, vu que les problèmes auxquels se confrontent les habitats ruraux du secteur montagneux de la vallée de la Moldavie sont différents. En analysant la taille démographique des villages par unités administratives on constate quechacune des unités a un type spécifique de village, conséquence de l’ancienneté des habitats, des conditions naturelles et économiques.

  18. Mine-by experiment final design report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Mine-by Experiment is designed to provide information on rock mass response to excavation that will be used to assess important aspects of the design of a nuclear fuel waste disposal vault in a granitic pluton. The final experiment design is the result of a multidisciplinary approach, drawing on experience gained at other sites as well as the URL, and using both internal expertise and the external consultants. The final experiment design, including details on characterization, construction, instrumentation, and numerical modelling, is presented along with final design drawings

  19. Citi Innovative English Teaching Competition Final Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Citi Innovative English Teaching Competition Final for teachers in West China sponsored by the CPAFFC was held in Beijing from January 22 to 23,2008.Wang Li,vice president of Citibank China,Professor Zhu Xudong and Ms.Ma Xin with the Beijing Normal University served as judges in the final.Over 50 English teachers of primary and middle schools from Guizhou,Yunnan and Sichuan provinces and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region took part in the finals.Twenty two teachers won prizes.

  20. Magnetic fusion energy research. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarizes final work by the Plasma Theory Branch for the Department of Energy Magnetic Fusion Office under contract EX-76-A-34-1006. This report is divided into four parts. First, there is a final disposition of numerical codes developed under this contract. Second, there is a summary of work completed since the last annual report. Third, there is a series of final recommendations to the Department of Energy Magnetic Fusion Office. These recommendations generally concern: (a) transport, (b) MHD stability, and (c) heating

  1. What was the fastest 100m final?

    CERN Document Server

    Mureika, J R

    1997-01-01

    In a previous article (physics/9705004), the best 100m performances in track and field were determined by accounting for wind effects and atmospheric drag. In this report, I seek to ascertain what was the "fastest" 100m final through a statistical analysis of the competitors' times. Considered are the 100 finals from the 1984-1996 Olympic Games, the 1983-1997 World Championships, and the 1996 Grand Prix Final from Lausanne, SWI, in which Frank Fredericks (Namibia) recorded the only sub-9.90s time ever into a head-wind (9.86s, -0.4 m/s).

  2. Final Critical Habitat for 7 Mussels

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — These data identify, in general, the areas of final critical habitat for the endangered Amblema neislerii (fat threeridge), Lampsilis subangulata (shinyrayed...

  3. Final Critical Habitat (Charadrius melodus) 20090519

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — These data identify, in general, the areas of FINAL critical habitat for Charadrius melodus (piping plover (wintering population)) based on descriptions provided in...

  4. 2012 deer census data : final totals

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Final data from the 2012 deer census survey at Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge. A combination of census techniques was selected including Mobile...

  5. Final Critical Habitat for Palila (Loxioides bailleui)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To provide the user with a general idea of areas where final critical habitat for Palila (Loxioides bailleui) occur based on the based on the description provided...

  6. Research in High Energy Physics. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conway, John S.

    2013-08-09

    This final report details the work done from January 2010 until April 2013 in the area of experimental and theoretical high energy particle physics and cosmology at the University of California, Davis.

  7. Final Critical Habitat for the Roswell Springsnail

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To provide the user with a general idea of areas where final critical habitat for Roswell springsnail occur. The geographic extent includes Chaves County, New Mexico.

  8. Final report, Feedback limitations of photosynthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharkey, Thomas D.

    1999-07-22

    Final report of research on carbon metabolism of photosynthesis. The feedback from carbon metabolism to primary photosynthetic processes is summarized, and a comprehensive list of published scientific papers is provided.

  9. tratamiento térmico final

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Józef Wójcik

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación se analizó la influencia de diferentes estructuras obtenidas en el proceso de recocido para la vida útil de los elementos finales (baleros. Se observó, con base en los resultados, que existe una estrecha relación entre las estructuras (tamaño de carburos en estado recocido y las propiedades mecánicas de elementos finales después del temple y revenido.

  10. Final transport in gas and plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There exist several possible schemes for final transport of the heavy ion beam through the reactor chamber in the presence of a background gas or plasma. The optimization of the transport process depends significantly on the heavy ion beam parameters. It was the purpose of the working group on the final transport in gas and plasma to examine and assess the various transport schemes in view of the new HIF parameters and other recent developments. The results are summarized

  11. Final state interaction phase in B decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From an estimate of the meson-meson inelastic scattering at 5 GeV it is concluded that a typical strong phase in B decays to two mesons is of order of 20o. For a particular final state an estimate of the phase depends on whether that state is more or less probable as a final state compared to those states to which it is connected by the strong interaction S matrix

  12. Low- and intermediate level radioactive waste from Risoe, Denmark. Site studies. Report no. 1. Oestermarie - Paradisbakkerne, Bornholm Region; Lav- og mellem radioaktivt affald fra Risoe, Danmark. Omegnsstudier. Rapport nr. 1. Omraede Oestermarie - Paradisbakkerne, Bornholms Regionskommune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravesen, P.; Nilsson, B.; Binderup, M.; Larsen, Tine; Schack Pedersen, S.A.

    2012-07-01

    The low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes from Risoe (the nuclear reactor buildings, different types of material from the research periods and waste from hospitals and research institutes) have to be stored in a final disposal in Denmark for at least 300 years. In 2011, the results of the first analyses of 20 potential areas for siting a waste disposal were published. Of these potential areas, 6 specific sites were selected for further detailed studies. The site studies include information about geology, land use, nature preservation, archaeology, drinking water supply etc. The 5 municipalities with the 6 selected sites have been visited to obtain as much information about local conditions as possible. The present report describes the results for the area at Oestermarie-Paradisbakkerne in the region of Bornholm, East Denmark. (LN)

  13. Low- and intermediate level radioactive waste from Risoe, Denmark. Site studies. Report no. 2. Roedbyhavn, Lolland Municipality; Lav- og mellem radioaktivt affald fra Risoe, Danmark. Omegnsstudier. Rapport nr. 2. Omraede Roedbyhavn, Lolland Kommune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravesen, P.; Nilsson, B.; Binderup, M.; Larsen, Tine; Schack Pedersen, S.A.

    2012-07-01

    The low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes from Risoe (the nuclear reactor buildings, different types of material from the research periods and waste from hospitals and research institutes) have to be stored in a final disposal in Denmark for at least 300 years. In 2011, the results of the first analyses of 20 potential areas for siting a waste disposal were published. Of these potential areas, 6 specific sites were selected for further detailed studies. The site studies include information about geology, land use, nature preservation, archaeology, drinking water supply etc. The 5 municipalities with the 6 selected sites have been visited to obtain as much information about local conditions as possible. The present report describes the results for the area at Roedbyhavn in the Municipality of Lolland, southern Denmark. (LN)

  14. Low- and intermediate level radioactive waste from Risoe, Denmark. Site studies. Report no. 3. Kertinge Mark, Kerteminde Municipality; Lav- og mellem radioaktivt affald fra Risoe, Danmark. Omegnsstudier. Rapport nr. 3. Omraede Kertinge Mark, Kerteminde Kommune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravesen, P.; Nilsson, B.; Binderup, M.; Larsen, Tine; Schack Pedersen, S.A.

    2012-07-01

    The low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes from Risoe (the nuclear reactor buildings, different types of material from the research periods and waste from hospitals and research institutes) have to be stored in a final disposal in Denmark for at least 300 years. In 2011, the results of the first analyses of 20 potential areas for siting a waste disposal were published. Of these potential areas, 6 specific sites were selected for further detailed studies. The site studies include information about geology, land use, nature preservation, archaeology, drinking water supply etc. The 5 municipalities with the 6 selected sites have been visited to obtain as much information about local conditions as possible. The present report describes the results for the area Kertinge Mark in the Municipality of Kerteminde, the island Funen. (LN)

  15. Low- and intermediate level radioactive waste from Risoe, Denmark. Site studies. Report no. 4. Hvidbjerg, Thyholm, Struer Municipality; Lav- og mellem radioaktivt affald fra Risoe, Danmark. Omegnsstudier. Rapport nr. 4. Omraede Hvidbjerg, Thyholm, Struer Kommune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravesen, P.; Nilsson, B.; Binderup, M.; Larsen, Tine; Schack Pedersen, S.A.

    2012-07-01

    The low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes from Risoe (the nuclear reactor buildings, different types of material from the research periods and waste from hospitals and research institutes) have to be stored in a final disposal in Denmark for at least 300 years. In 2011, the results of the first analyses of 20 potential areas for siting a waste disposal were published. Of these potential areas, 6 specific sites were selected for further detailed studies. The site studies include information about geology, land use, nature preservation, archaeology, drinking water supply etc. The 5 municipalities with the 6 selected sites have been visited to obtain as much information about local conditions as possible. The present report describes the results for the area Hvidbjerg, Thyholm, in the Municipality of Struer, northern Jutland. (LN)

  16. Low- and intermediate level radioactive waste from Risoe, Denmark. Site studies. Report no. 6. Skive Vest, Skive Municipality; Lav- og mellem radioaktivt affald fra Risoe, Danmark. Omegnsstudier. Rapport nr. 6. Omraede Skive Vest, Skive Kommune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravesen, P.; Nilsson, B.; Binderup, M.; Larsen, Tine; Schack Pedersen, S.A.

    2012-07-01

    The low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes from Risoe (the nuclear reactor buildings, different types of material from the research periods and waste from hospitals and research institutes) have to be stored in a final disposal in Denmark for at least 300 years. In 2011, the results of the first analyses of 20 potential areas for siting a waste disposal were published. Of these potential areas, 6 specific sites were selected for further detailed studies. The site studies include information about geology, land use, nature preservation, archaeology, drinking water supply etc. The 5 municipalities with the 6 selected sites have been visited to obtain as much information about local conditions as possible. The present report describes the results for the area Skive Vest, in the Municipality of Skive, northern Jutland. (LN)

  17. Low- and intermediate level radioactive waste from Risoe, Denmark. Site studies. Report no. 5. Thise, Skive Municipality; Lav- og mellem radioaktivt affald fra Risoe, Danmark. Omegnsstudier. Rapport nr. 5. Omraede Thise, Skive Kommune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravesen, P.; Nilsson, B.; Binderup, M.; Larsen, Tine; Schack Pedersen, S.A.

    2012-07-01

    The low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes from Risoe (the nuclear reactor buildings, different types of material from the research periods and waste from hospitals and research institutes) have to be stored in a final disposal in Denmark for at least 300 years. In 2011, the results of the first analyses of 20 potential areas for siting a waste disposal were published. Of these potential areas, 6 specific sites were selected for further detailed studies. The site studies include information about geology, land use, nature preservation, archaeology, drinking water supply etc. The 5 municipalities with the 6 selected sites have been visited to obtain as much information about local conditions as possible. The present report describes the results for the area Thise, in the Municipality of Skive, northern Jutland. (LN)

  18. French wholesale electricity and gas markets in 2007. Monitoring report; Le fonctionnement des marches de gros francais de l'electricite et du gaz naturel en 2007. Rapport de surveillance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-12-15

    Settled on 24 March 2000, the French Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) is an independent authority. CRE supports an efficient functioning of the electricity and natural gas markets, to the advantage of final consumers. CRE ensures the absence of any discrimination, cross subsidy or obstacle to competition. CRE has examined the functioning of the wholesale markets for electricity and gas for the year 2007. The report discloses the results of a first set of analyses, as well as the next actions to be conducted in order to explain some observed behaviour. On the basis of analyses led on the electricity market, CRE observes that nuclear generation was marginal during 15% of the hours in 2007. Hydraulic generation was marginal during 25% of the hours, coal generation during 25% to 30% of the hours and oil generation during less than 2% of the hours in 2007. Finally, prices on the border markets were of high importance on the French prices which they determined during 20% to 25% of the hours of the year. On an efficient market, the price is driven by the marginal power plant among all those which contribute to satisfy the demand. Therefore the wholesale price formation is conditioned by the frequency of marginality of each generation sector and by the associated valuation of production. On the day-ahead market, when nuclear or hydraulic generation was marginal, the day-ahead price reflected the associated valuation which was decided by EDF. The level of this valuation was generally higher than the marginal generation cost of these plants. As a matter of fact, a producer, even market dominant, may legitimately seek to optimise its income, provided that there is no abuse of a dominant position or any price manipulation. Consequently, at this stage, the relevance of the valuation method for nuclear and hydraulic generation on the wholesale market is still to be checked. CRE has also demonstrated that generation transparency, even if it gradually increased, still needs to

  19. La evolución de la relación salarial durante la post convertibilidad L’évolution du rapport salarial pendant la post-convertibilité The evolution of the labor-wage nexus during the post-convertibility phase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Neffa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este capítulo constituye una síntesis de trabajos realizados conjuntamente con Robert Boyer durante la década pasada y tiene como objetivo mostrar los cambios y la evolución de la relación salarial durante el periodo de la post-convertibilidad, es decir desde 2002 hasta fines de 2011, así como las principales restricciones que debe enfrentar el nuevo modo de desarrollo desde la crisis de los subprimes, que se manifiestan con fuerza desde el inicio del Segundo Mandato de la Dra. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.Ce chapitre est une synthèse des travaux réalisés pendant la décennie dernière. Il analyse les changements du rapport salarial après l'abandon de la convertibilité, c´est-à-dire depuis 2002 et jusqu´à la fin de 2011. Il explicite ensuite les principales contraintes qui s'imposent au nouveau mode de développement depuis la crise des subprimes et limitent sa viabilité. Ces tensions se manifestent avec force dès le début du deuxième mandat de la présidente Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.This contribution synthesizes a decade of research. It analyses the dynamics of the wage-labor nexus after the convertibility period, i.e. from 2002 until the end of 2011. It also scrutinizes the most salient constraints arising in the development mode after the subprime crisis that limit its viability. These problems are becoming more obvious since the beginning of President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner second term.

  20. Exclusive B decays to charmonium final states

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, Bernard; Boutigny, D; De Bonis, I; Favier, Jean; Gaillard, Jean-Marc; Galeazzi, F; Jérémie, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Zachariadou, K; Palano, A; Chen, G P; Chen Jia Chao; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Reinertsen, P L; Stugu, B; Abbott, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Clark, A R; Fan, Q; Gill, M S; Gowdy, S J; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kluth, S; Kral, J F; Leclerc, C; Levi, M E; Liu, T; Lynch, G; Meyer, A B; Momayezi, M; Oddone, P J; Perazzo, A; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Strother, P; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Champion, T J; Hawkes, C M; Kirk, A; O'Neale, S W; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Koch, H; Krug, J; Kunze, M; Lewandowski, B; Peters, K; Schmücker, H; Steinke, M; Andress, J C; Chevalier, N; Clark, P J; Cottingham, N; De Groot, N; Dyce, N; Foster, B; Mass, A; McFall, J D; Wallom, D; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Camanzi, B; McKemey, A K; Tinslay, J; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Bukin, D A; Buzykaev, A R; Dubrovin, M S; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Korol, A A; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Salnikov, A A; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Yushkov, A N; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Stoker, D P; Ahsan, A; Arisaka, K; Buchanan, C D; Chun, S; Branson, J G; Faccini, R; MacFarlane, D B; Rahatlou, S; Raven, G; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Hart, P A; Kuznetsova, N P; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Witherell, M; Yellin, S; Beringer, J; Dorfan, D E; Eisner, A M; Frey, A; Grillo, A A; Grothe, M; Heusch, C A; Johnson, R P; Kröger, W; Lockman, W S; Pulliam, T; Sadrozinski, H F W; Schalk, T L; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Turri, M; Williams, D C; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoredsky, A P; Hitlin, D G; Kolomensky, Yu G; Metzler, S; Oyang, J Y T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Weaver, M; Yang, S; Zhu, R Y; Aleksan, Roy; De Domenico, G; de Lesquen, A; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Serfass, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Devmal, S C; Geld, T L; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blouw, J; Harton, J L; Krishnamurthy, M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Fahey, S; Ford, W T; Gaede, F; Johnson, D R; Michael, A K; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Park, H; Rankin, P; Roy, J D; Sen, S; Smith, J G; Wagner, D L; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dahlinger, G; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Kocian, M L; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Behr, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Ferrag, S; Roussot, E; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Anjomshoaa, A; Bernet, R; Di Lodovico, F; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Bozzi, C; Dittongo, S; Folegani, M; Piemontese, L; Treadwell, E A; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Bagnasco, S; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Fabbricatore, P; Farinon, S; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Musenich, R; Parodi, R; Passaggio, S; Pastore, F; Patrignani, C; Pia, M G; Priano, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Fischer, P A; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Rosenberg, E I; Bartoldus, R; Dignan, T; Hamilton, R; Mallik, U; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Simi, G; Triggiani, G; Benkebil, M; Grosdidier, G; Hast, C; Höcker, A; Le Peltier, V; Lutz, A M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Trincaz-Duvoid, S; Valassi, Andrea; Wormser, G; Bionta, R M; Brigljevic, V; Fackler, O; Fujino, D; Lange, D J; Mugge, M; Shi, X; Wenaus, T J; Wright, D M; Wuest, C R; Carroll, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; George, M; Kay, M; McMahon, S; McMahon, T R; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Aspinwall, M L; Dauncey, P D; Eschrich, I; Gunawardane, N J W; Martin, R D; Nash, J A; Sanders, P; Smith, D; Azzopardi, D E; Back, J J; Dixon, P; Harrison, P F; Vidal, P B; Williams, M I; Cowan, G D; Green, M G; Kurup, A; McGrath, P; Scott, I; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Li, Y; Pavlovich, J; Trunov, A G; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Boyd, J T; Fullwood, J; Khan, A; Lafferty, G D; Savvas, N; Simopoulos, E T; Thompson, R J; Weatherall, J H; Dallapiccola, C; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Lillard, V; Olsen, J; Roberts, D A; Brau, B; Cowan, R; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Blaylock, G; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R R; Lin, C S; Willocq, S; Wittlin, J; Bloom, P; Britton, D I; Milek, M; Patel, P M; Trischuk, J; Lanni, F; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Booke, M; Cremaldi, L M; Kroeger, R A; Reidy, J; Sanders, D; Summers, D J; Arguin, J F; Martin, J P; Nief, J Y; Seitz, R; Taras, P; Woch, A; Zacek, V; Nicholson, H; Sutton, C S; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Falbo, M; LoSecco, J M; Alsmiller, J R G; Gabriel, T A; Handler, T; Colecchia, F; Dal Corso, F; Michelon, G; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Stroili, R; Torassa, E; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; Le Diberder, F R; Leruste, P J; Lory, J; Martínez-Vidal, F; Roos, L; Stark, J; Versille, S; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Speziali, V; Frank, E D; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J H; Haire, M J; Judd, D; Paick, K; Turnbull, L; Wagoner, D E; Albert, J; Bula, C; Kelsey, M H; Lü, C; McDonald, K T; Miftakov, V; Schaffner, S F; Smith, A J S; Tumanov, A; Varnes, E W; Cavoto, G; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Fratini, K; Lamanna, E; Leonardi, E; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Serra, M; Waldi, R; Jacques, P F; Kalelkar, M S; Plano, R J; Adye, T; Egede, U; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, Gian P; Copty, N K; Purohit, M V; Yumiceva, F X; Adam, I; Anthony, P L; Anulli, F; Aston, D; Baird, K G; Bloom, Elliott D; Boyarski, A M; Bulos, F; Calderini, G; Convery, M R; Coupal, D P; Coward, D H; Dorfan, J; Doser, Michael; Dunwoodie, W M; Glanzman, T; Godfrey, G L; Grosso, P; Hewett, J L; Himel, Thomas M; Huffer, M E; Innes, W R; Jessop, C P; Kim, P; Langenegger, U; Leith, D W G S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Manzin, G; Marsiske, H; Menke, S; Messner, R; Moffeit, K C; Morii, M; Mount, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Paolucci, P; Petrak, S; Quinn, Helen R; Ratcliff, B N; Robertson, S H; Rochester, L S; Roodman, A; Schietinger, T; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Sciolla, G; Serbo, V V; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Spanier, S M; Stahl, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Talby, M; Tanaka, H A; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weinstein, A J; Wisniewski, W J; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Cheng, C H; Kirkby, D; Meyer, T I; Roat, C; De Silva, A; Henderson, R; Bugg, W; Cohn, H; Hart, E; Weidemann, A W; Benninger, T; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Turcotte, M; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Di Girolamo, B; Gamba, D; Smol, A V; Zanin, D; Bosisio, L; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Pompili, A; Poropat, P; Prest, M; Vallazza, E; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Brown, C M; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Charles, E; Dasu, S; Elmer, P; Johnson, J R; Nielsen, J; Orejudos, W; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Scott, I J; Walsh, J; Wu Sau Lan; Yu, Z; Zobernig, H

    2000-01-01

    We report on exclusive decays of B mesons into final states containing charmonium using data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage rings. The charmonium states considered here are J/psi, psi(2S), and chi_C1. Branching fractions for several exclusive final states, a measurement of the decay amplitudes for the B0 --> J/psi K* decay, and measurements of the B0 and B+ masses are presented. All of the results we present here are preliminary.

  1. Comprehensive Child Welfare Information System. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    This final rule replaces the Statewide and Tribal Automated Child Welfare Information Systems (S/TACWIS) rule with the Comprehensive Child Welfare Information System (CCWIS) rule. The rule also makes conforming amendments in rules in related requirements. This rule will assist title IV-E agencies in developing information management systems that leverage new innovations and technology in order to better serve children and families. More specifically, this final rule supports the use of cost-effective, innovative technologies to automate the collection of high-quality case management data and to promote its analysis, distribution, and use by workers, supervisors, administrators, researchers, and policy makers.

  2. KEWB facilities decontamination and disposition. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decontamination and disposition of the KEWB facilities, Buildings 073, 643, 123, and 793, are complete. All of the facility equipment, including reactor enclosure, reactor vessel, fuel handling systems, controls, radioactive waste systems, exhaust systems, electrical services, and protective systems were removed from the site. Buildings 643, 123, and 793 were completely removed, including foundations. The floor and portions of the walls of Building 073 were covered over by final grading. Results of the radiological monitoring and the final survey are presented. 9 tables, 19 figures

  3. Use of Symbols in Labeling. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-15

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or the Agency) is issuing this final rule revising its medical device and certain biological product labeling regulations to explicitly allow for the optional inclusion of graphical representations of information, or symbols, in labeling (including labels) without adjacent explanatory text (referred to in this document as "stand-alone symbols") if certain requirements are met. The final rule also specifies that the use of symbols, accompanied by adjacent explanatory text continues to be permitted. FDA is also revising its prescription device labeling regulations to allow the use of the symbol statement "Rx only" or "[rx] only" in the labeling for prescription devices. PMID:27311137

  4. Convention on nuclear safety. Final act

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Diplomatic Conference, which was convened by the International Atomic Energy Agency at its Headquarters from 14 to 17 June 1994, adopted the Convention on Nuclear Safety reproduced in document INFCIRC/449 and the Final Act of the Conference. The text of the Final Act of the Conference, including an annexed document entitled ''Some clarification with respect to procedural and financial arrangements, national reports, and the conduct of review meetings, envisaged in the Convention on Nuclear Safety'', is reproduced in the Attachment hereto for the information of all Member States

  5. Learning during a collaborative final exam

    OpenAIRE

    Dahlström, Örjan

    2012-01-01

    Collaborative testing has been suggested to serve as a good learning activity, for example, compared to individual testing. The aim of the present study was to measure learning at different levels of knowledge during a collaborative final exam in a course in basic methods and statistical procedures. Results on pre- and post-tests taken individually (N = 30) before and after the collaborative part of the final exam confirmed learning effects at the uni- and multi-structural levels, as well as ...

  6. Livestock, the World, and the Dutch : a quick scan of opportunities in livestock production in nine countries : final draft for discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lee, van der J.; Hooft, van 't K.; Cornelissen, J.M.R.; Wouters, A.P.

    2013-01-01

    Dit rapport verkent kansen en bedreigingen voor Nederlandse bedrijven en organisaties die met productie en vermarkting van dierlijke producten bezig zijn, door naar een selectie van landen te kijken (9 in totaal): BRIC landen Rusland en China, Next 11 landen Zuid Korea, Vietnam, Indonesië, Turkije e

  7. 77 FR 15121 - Final Land Protection Plan and Final Environmental Assessment for Everglades Headwaters National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... September 8, 2011, we published a Federal Register notice (76 FR 55699) announcing the proposed... published a Federal Register notice (76 FR 66321) announcing the extension of the comment deadline to... Fish and Wildlife Service Final Land Protection Plan and Final Environmental Assessment for...

  8. Experimental Test of the Final State Hypothesis

    OpenAIRE

    Devin, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The black hole final state projection model, also known as the Horowitz-Maldacena model has garnished new interest due to the current debate over black hole firewalls. The nonlinear quantum mechanics of post-selection preserves information and avoids the AMPS argument by relaxing monogamy of entanglement. While these are promising features there are also potentially observable predictions to be made.

  9. Radioactive waste products - suitability for final disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    48 papers were read at the conference. Separate records are available for all of them. The main problem in radioactive waste disposal was the long-term sealing to prevent pollution of the biosphere. Problems of conditioning, acceptance, and safety measures were discussed. Final disposal models and repositories were presented. (PW)

  10. 75 FR 3171 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This final rule involves no policies that... 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 67.11 0 2... Assessor's Office, 500 Constitution Avenue, Meridian, MS 39301. ;Lee County, Mississippi, and...

  11. 77 FR 46980 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... BFEs are the basis for the floodplain management measures that each community is required either to... Insurance and Mitigation Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency, 500 C Street SW., Washington... Mitigation has resolved any appeals resulting from this notification. This final rule is issued in...

  12. 75 FR 23600 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This final rule involves no policies that... 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 67.11 0 2... Hannibal, Unincorporated Areas of Marion County. At Veterans Road......... +685 Mississippi...

  13. 75 FR 19895 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This final rule involves no policies that... 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 67.11 0 2....: FEMA-B-1031 Loup River Approximately 1.4 mile +1432 City of Columbus. upstream of the confluence...

  14. 75 FR 5894 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-05

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This final rule involves no policies that... 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 67.11 0 2.... ADDRESSES City of Gallup Maps are available for inspection at 110 West Aztec Avenue, Gallup, NM...

  15. Photon final states at the Tevatron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campanelli, Mario; /University Coll. London

    2008-04-01

    The authors present here several recent measurements involving associate production of photons and jets at the Tevatron. In particular, inclusive photon + met from D0, and photon + b-jets and photon + b-jet + leptons + MET from CDF are described in some detail. These measurements offer a good test of QCD predictions in rather complex final states.

  16. 78 FR 10072 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This final rule involves no policies that..., 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 67.11 0 2. The... upstream of Dahlia Road. Little Sixmile Creek Tributary 3...... At the confluence with +13 City...

  17. 48 CFR 32.605 - Final decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 32.605 Final decisions. (a) The contracting officer shall issue... to reach agreement on the existence or amount of a debt in a timely manner; (2) The contractor fails to liquidate a debt previously demanded by the contracting officer within the timeline specified...

  18. 75 FR 22699 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This final rule involves no policies that... 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 67.11 0 2... Napoleon, Township of Summit. Approximately 1,400 feet +942 upstream of Porbert Road. North Branch...

  19. Data Network Weather Service Reporting - Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Frey

    2012-08-30

    A final report is made of a three-year effort to develop a new forecasting paradigm for computer network performance. This effort was made in co-ordination with Fermi Lab's construction of e-Weather Center.

  20. 49 CFR 7.32 - Final determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Final determinations. 7.32 Section 7.32 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Time Limits § 7.32... life or physical safety of an individual; (ii) A request made by a person primarily engaged...

  1. Urban Environmental Education--Demonstration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasser, Roselyn; And Others

    This publication is composed of four parts. Part I, The Final Report, consists of the program foundations, description of the target group, description of resources, analysis of processes developed, creating the resource role, creation awareness, developing a problem solving orientation, curriculum integration, evolution of the group process,…

  2. Learning during a Collaborative Final Exam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlstrom, Orjan

    2012-01-01

    Collaborative testing has been suggested to serve as a good learning activity, for example, compared to individual testing. The aim of the present study was to measure learning at different levels of knowledge during a collaborative final exam in a course in basic methods and statistical procedures. Results on pre- and post-tests taken…

  3. Culture of Schools. Final Report. Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC.

    The final volume of this 4-volume report contains further selections from "Anthropological Perspectives on Education," a monograph to be published by Basic Books of New York. (Other selections are in Vol. III, SP 003 902.) Monograph selections appearing in this volume are: "Great Tradition, Little Tradition, and Formal Education;""Indians,…

  4. 31 CFR 223.20 - Final decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Final decisions. 223.20 Section 223.20 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE SURETY COMPANIES DOING BUSINESS WITH THE...

  5. Physics modeling support contract: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the final report for the Physics Modeling Support contract between TRW, Inc. and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for fiscal year 1987. It consists of following projects: TIBER physics modeling and systems code development; advanced blanket modeling task; time dependent modeling; and free electron maser for TIBER II

  6. Final Technical Report CMS fast optical calorimetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winn, David R. [Fairfield Univ., CT (United States)

    2012-07-12

    This is the final report of CMS FAST OPTICAL CALORIMETRY, a grant to Fairfield University for development, construction, installation and operation of the forward calorimeter on CMS, and for upgrades of the forward and endcap calorimeters for higher luminosity and radiation damage amelioration.

  7. 78 FR 46309 - Rules of Administrative Finality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... reasons: 1. We take our responsibility as effective stewards of the trust funds very seriously. Modifying... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION 20 CFR Parts 404 and 416 Rules of Administrative Finality AGENCY: Social Security...

  8. La question de la sous-traitance sur la zone de l'ancien bassin minier de Provence : de l'assujettissement à l'émancipation, de la dépendance au positionnement stratégique : Note complémentaire au rapport : Les modes de transition du tissu productif régional en Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur : une étude comparative de quatre sites / J. Garnier, A. Lamanthe, C. Lancianot-Morandat, A. Mendez, D. Mercier, F. Rychen

    OpenAIRE

    Garnier, Jacques

    2004-01-01

    Sur la zone de l'ancien bassin minier de Provence, la question de la sous-traitance ne peut pas être dissociée de celle des stratégies productives des grands donneurs d'ordres industriels que sont aujourd'hui ST Microelectronics, Atmel, Péchiney, Snet, Lafarge Ciments et que furent aussi, pendant longtemps, les Houillères de Provence. Ces stratégies sont traitées par ailleurs dans le rapport sur « les modes de transition du tissu productif régional en Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur ». Il s'agit i...

  9. The Hadronic Final State at HERA

    CERN Document Server

    Newman, Paul

    2013-01-01

    The hadronic final state in electron-proton collisions at HERA has provided a rich testing ground for development of the theory of the strong force, QCD. In this review, over 200 publications from the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations are summarised. Short distance physics, the measurement of processes at high energy scales, has provided rigorous tests of perturbative QCD and constrained the structure of the proton as well as allowing precise measurements of the strong coupling constant to be made. Non-perturbative or low energy processes have also been investigated and results on hadronisation interpreted together with those from other experiments. Searches for exotic QCD objects, such as pentaquarks, glueballs and instantons have been performed. The subject of diffraction has been re-invigorated through its precise measurement, such that it can now be described by perturbative QCD. After discussion of HERA, the H1 and ZEUS detectors and the techniques used to reconstruct differing hadronic final states, the above ...

  10. DCE Bio Detection System Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lind, Michael A.; Batishko, Charles R.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Owsley, Stanley L.; Dunham, Glen C.; Warner, Marvin G.; Willett, Jesse A.

    2007-12-01

    The DCE (DNA Capture Element) Bio-Detection System (Biohound) was conceived, designed, built and tested by PNNL under a MIPR for the US Air Force under the technical direction of Dr. Johnathan Kiel and his team at Brooks City Base in San Antonio Texas. The project was directed toward building a measurement device to take advantage of a unique aptamer based assay developed by the Air Force for detecting biological agents. The assay uses narrow band quantum dots fluorophores, high efficiency fluorescence quenchers, magnetic micro-beads beads and selected aptamers to perform high specificity, high sensitivity detection of targeted biological materials in minutes. This final report summarizes and documents the final configuration of the system delivered to the Air Force in December 2008

  11. The stabilisation of final focus system

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P A Coe; D Urner; A Reichold

    2007-12-01

    The StaFF (stabilisation of final focus) system will use interferometers to monitor the relative positions and orientations of several key components in the beam-delivery and interaction region. Monitoring the relative positions of the ILC final focus quadrupole magnets will be the most demanding application, where mutual and beam-relative stability will have a direct impact on machine luminosity. Established, laser-based frequency scanning interferometry (FSI) and fixed-frequency interferometry (FFI) offer positional resolution at length scales of the laser wavelength (1500 nm to 1560 nm) and a thousandth of the wavelength, respectively. As part of the ATF at KEK, StaFF will use interferometers to measure lines of a geodetic network to record relative motion between two beam position monitors. Interferometers are being designed and tested in Oxford prior to deployment at the ATF.

  12. Signaling and the Black Hole Final State

    OpenAIRE

    Yurtsever, Ulvi; Hockney, George

    2004-01-01

    In an attempt to restore the unitarity of the evaporation process, Horowitz and Maldacena recently proposed a boundary-condition constraint for the final quantum state of an evaporating black hole at its singularity. Gottesman and Preskill have argued that the proposed constraint must lead to nonlinear evolution of the initial (collapsing) quantum state. Here we show that in fact this evolution allows signaling, making it detectable outside the event horizon with entangled-probe experiments o...

  13. 1995 PVUSA progress report. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications (PVUSA) is a national public-private partnership that is assessing and demonstrating the viability of utility-scale (US) photovoltaic (PV) electric generation systems and recent developments in PV module technology. This report updates the project`s progress, reviews the status and performance of the various PV installations during 1995, summarizes key accomplishments and conclusions, and serves as the final report under Pacific Gas and Electric Company`s project management.

  14. UN-aided Project Passing Final Assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Anfang

    1995-01-01

    @@ A number of projects funded by the United Nations Development Program passed final examination and assessment in April 1994.They are the well-completion technical center project of the Southwest Petroleum Institute with a fund of 1.27 million US dollars and the acidizing and fracturing technical service center of Wanzhuang Branch Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development (RIPED) with a fund of 1.41 million US dollars.

  15. Results of final focus test beam

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandrof, V.A.; Balakin, V.; Mikhailichenko, A..; Flottmann, K.; Peters, F.; Voss, G.A.; Bharadwaj, V.; Halling, M.; Buon, J.; Jeanjean, J.; LeDiberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Puzo, P.; Heimlinger, G.; Settles, R.

    1995-01-01

    The beam experiments of Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB) started in September 1993 at SLAC, and have produced a 1.7 μm×75 nm spot of 46 GeV electron beam. A number of new techniques involving two nanometer spot-size monitors have been developed. Several beam diagnostic/tuning schemes are applied to achieve and maintain the small spot. This experiment opens the way toward the nanometer world for future linear colliders

  16. INTERCO - Indicators of territorial cohesion. Final Report

    OpenAIRE

    Dao, Quoc-Hy; Plagnat Cantoreggi, Pauline; Rousseaux, Vanessa; Angelidis, Minas; Batzikou, Spyridoula; Bazoula, Vivian; Tsigkas, Epameinontas; van Well, Lisa; Sterling, José; Schürmann, Carsten; Böhme, Kai; Gloersen, Erik; Brockett, Susan

    2012-01-01

    32 Top Indicators for 6 Territorial Cohesion Priorities. INTERCO- Indicators of Territorial Cohesion- delivers valuable input for policy makers and scientist interested in indicators for territorial cohesion. The analytical framework developed by the research team proved to be applicable and successful in revealing the existing spatial disparities and territorial cohesion trends in Europe and can be used by policy makers at different levels. According to the Final Report, the main results sho...

  17. Final state interaction in kaons decays

    OpenAIRE

    Gevorkyan, S. R.; Tarasov, A. V.; Voskresenskaya, O. O.

    2009-01-01

    The kaons decays to the pairs of charged and neutral pions are considered in the framework of the non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The general expressions for the decay amplitudes to the two different channels accounting for the strong interaction between pions are obtained. The developed approach allows one to estimate the contribution of terms of any order in strong interaction and correctly takes into account the electromagnetic interaction between the pions in the final state.

  18. Final-state interaction in kaon decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gevorkyan, S.R.; Tarasov, A.V.; Voskresenskaya, O.O. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation)

    2010-05-15

    The kaons decays to pairs of charged and neutral pions are considered in the framework of the non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The general expressions for the decay amplitudes to the two different channels accounting for the strong interaction between pions are obtained. The developed approach allows one to estimate the contribution of terms of any order in strong interaction and correctly takes into account the electromagnetic interaction between the pions in the final state. (orig.)

  19. ROLL OUT THE TALENT : Final project report

    OpenAIRE

    Eerola, Tuomas; Tuominen, Pirjo; Hakkarainen, Riitta-Liisa; Laurikainen, Marja; Mero, Niina

    2014-01-01

    The ROLL OUT THE TALENT project was born out of the desire to recognise and support the strengths of vocational students and to develop new and innovative operating models. ROLL OUT THE TALENT promoted regional cooperation between institutes and companies. The project produced operating and study path models that take into consideration the individual strengths of vocational students and the principles of lifelong learning. This is the final report of the ROLL OUT THE TALENT project, and ...

  20. Emergency building temperature restrictions. Final evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-11-01

    On July 5, 1979, DOE promulgated final regulations of the Emergency Building Temperature Restrictions program, placing emergency restrictions on thermostat settings for space heating, space cooling, and hot water in commercial, industrial, and nonresidential public buildings. The final regulations restricted space heating to a maximum of 65/sup 0/F, hot water temperature to a maximum of 105/sup 0/F, and cooling temperature to a minimum of 78/sup 0/F. A comprehensive evaluation of the entire EBTF program for a nine-month period from July 16, 1979 is presented. In Chapter 1, an estimate of the population of buildings covered by EBTR is presented. In Chapter 2, EBTR compliance by building type and region is reported. Exemptions are also discussed. In Chapter 3, the simulations of building energy use are explained and the relative impact of various building characteristics and effectiveness of different control strategies are estimated. Finally, in Chapter 4, the methodology for scaling the individual building energy savings to the national level is described, and estimated national energy savings are presented.

  1. BECCS as a climate measure. A report on carbon dioxide storage from biomass in a Swedish-Norwegian perspective; BECCS som klimataatgaerd. En rapport om koldioxidlagring fraan biomassa i ett svensk-norskt perspektiv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlsson, Henrik; Bystroem, Lennart; Wiklund, Josef

    2010-09-15

    reduce emissions of carbon dioxide in the transport sector, BECCS can save 20-50 billion crown s per year according to Fores' calculation method. The third study that we have included in our comparison is a report released by IVA (the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences), in which a path to zero emissions by 2043 is outlined for Sweden. When BECCS is introduced into the model, Sweden can reach net zero emissions already by 2030. Thereafter, a number of measures in combination with BECCS can make Sweden achieve net negative emissions, i.e. that Sweden as a nation is removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Finally, it should be noted that there are currently no measures, initiatives or incentives to exploit BECCS technology in Sweden. If we are to achieve the necessary climate goals, reach them faster and with the best economic efficiency, serious and determined investments in BECCS in Sweden are needed soon

  2. 12 CFR 907.13 - Consideration and Final Decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... by such additional time as may reasonably be required, the Board of Directors shall render a Final... § 907.13 Consideration and Final Decisions. (a) Consideration by Board of Directors. The Board of... described in § 907.14. (b) Final Decision. The Board of Directors shall render a Final Decision on the...

  3. Les entérocoques : avantages et inconvénients en biotechnologie (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguilar-Galvez, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Enterococci: advantages and drawbacks in biotechnology, a review. Enterococci are lactic acid bacteria that have been used for centuries in food processing. These microorganisms play a vital role in conservation (extension of shelf life and in the bacteriological quality of food while keeping their nutritional and organoleptic properties. However, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis are indicators of faecal contamination and are also implicated in nosocomial diseases. The genetic plasticity (transfer of genetic elements of these bacteria allows them not only to adapt to various ecosystems, but also to be vehicles of antibiotic resistances and bacterial virulence, which is of public health concern. Thus, the use of enterococci in the food industry is becoming controversial. However, enterococci are also involved in the fermentation of many foods (milk, vegetables, meats or fish and are able to produce various antimicrobial molecules (e.g. lactic acid, bacteriocins or hydrogen peroxide that make them indispensable in the food industry. Their use as probiotic must therefore be carefully characterized in order to prove their safety. The wide range of bacteriocins (enterocins found in these bacteria could also be valorized by developing purification methods to replace the bacterial strains themselves by their enterocins in foodstuffs, therefore eliminating the risk of direct use of bacteria.

  4. Impacts des vers de terre sur les composants et la dynamique du sol (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemtiri, A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Impacts of earthworms on soil components and dynamics. A review. Earthworm populations are important decomposers contributing to aggregate formation and nutrient cycling processes involving nitrogen cycles, phosphorus and carbon. They are known to influence soil fertility by participating to important processes in soil such as soil structure regulation and organic matter dynamics. Earthworms also modify the microbial communities through digestion, stimulation and dispersion in casts. Consequently, changes in the activities of earthworm communities, as a result of soil management practices, can also be used as indicators of soil fertility and quality. It is therefore important to understand how earthworm communities affect soil dynamics. This review adresses the current state of knowledge on earthworm's impacts on soil structure and soil organic matter (carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus dynamics, with special emphasis on the effects of land management practices on earthworm communities.

  5. Les biopesticides, compléments et alternatives aux produits phytosanitaires chimiques (synthèse bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deravel, J.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Biopesticides, a complementary and alternative approach to the use of agrochemicals. A review. Biopesticides are living organisms or products derived from them, which have the ability to suppress or to reduce pests. Biopesticides have been used for centuries by farmers and these products offer many advantages. Today, biopesticides are classified into three groups according to their origin (microbial, plant or animal. They can be used both in conventional agriculture and in organic farming. Some biopesticides allow plants to withstand abiotic stress and, in general, they are less toxic than their chemical counterparts. Although they often have the reputation for being less effective than chemical pesticides, biopesticides are the subject of growing interest among farmers, particularly in the context of Integrated Pest Management strategies. The marketing of biopesticides is facilitated in some regions, such as the USA, while in others, such as Western Europe, the approval process is long and expensive. The future development of biopesticides depends on many factors, such as government policies both in terms of research support and in regulating agribusiness strategies, and the evolution of consumer choice.

  6. La complexité des rapports intergénérationnels dans les familles ouvrières du Maghreb The complexity of intergenerational relations in working-class families from North Africa : the example of the « diagonal of generations »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Delcroix

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La question des générations et des rapports entre générations traverse de part en part les familles ouvrières originaires du Maghreb. On se place ici du point de vue des parents et de leur projet : celui d'aider leurs enfants à se construire un avenir quand on est issu du monde ouvrier, confronté à la pauvreté, au racisme et à la raréfaction des emplois industriels. Dans ce contexte général l'article traite de deux phénomènes. Le premier touche à la transmission que font certaines familles – pas toutes – d'éléments de leur propre histoire à leurs enfants, afin de leur donner des repères socio-temporels. Le second concerne le fait qu'initialement, les pères ont tendance à reporter sur leur(s fils, les espérances déçues d'ascension sociale. Or il est fréquent que ce soit telle ou telle de leurs filles qui s’avère à même de porter ce projet. Cela conduit à un lent déplacement de l'axe du projet paternel vers cette fille. C'est ce phénomène qui est appelé ici la « diagonale des générations ».The question of generations and of relations between them is omnipresent among workingclass families from North Africa in France. We consider here the parents' point of view and their desire to help their children build a future in the face of poverty, racism, being working-class and the difficulty of finding work in industry today. Against this general background, the article deals with two main phenomena. The first concerns the transmission by certain families – not all – of elements of their own history to their children, in order to provide them with socio-temporal points of comparison. The second concerns the fact that fathers initially tend to transfer their dashed hopes of social mobility to their son(s. But it is not infrequent that it is a daughter(s who best manages to make the fathers ambitions come true. This leads to the slow displacement of the paternal projeet towards that daughter. This

  7. Final-year veterinary students' perceptions of their communication competencies and a communication skills training program delivered in a primary care setting and based on Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meehan, Michael P; Menniti, Marie F

    2014-01-01

    Veterinary graduates require effective communication skills training to successfully transition from university into practice. Although the literature has supported the need for veterinary student communication skills training programs, there is minimal research using learning theory to design programs and explore students' perceptions of such programs. This study investigated veterinary students' perceptions of (1) their communication skills and (2) the usefulness of a communication skills training program designed with Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) as a framework and implemented in a primary care setting. Twenty-nine final-year veterinary students from the Ontario Veterinary College attended a 3-week communication skills training rotation. Pre- and post-training surveys explored their communication objectives, confidence in their communication skills, and the usefulness of specific communication training strategies. The results indicated that both before and after training, students were most confident in building rapport, displaying empathy, recognizing how bonded a client is with his or her pet, and listening. They were least confident in managing clients who were angry or not happy with the charges and who monopolized the appointment. Emotionally laden topics, such as breaking bad news and managing euthanasia discussions, were also identified as challenging and in need of improvement. Interactive small-group discussions and review of video-recorded authentic client appointments were most valuable for their learning and informed students' self-awareness of their non-verbal communication. These findings support the use of Kolb's ELT as a theoretical framework and of video review and reflection to guide veterinary students' learning of communication skills in a primary care setting.

  8. Selected site contamination history. Final topical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the Final Report that contains the ''Selected Site Contamination History'' for the project titled ''Development of an On-line, Real-time Alpha Radiation Monitor for Liquid Streams.'' It consists of a summary of sampling data for nine locations at the Oak Ridge Reservation. These nine locations were chosen to be representative of those expected across the DOE Complex, and were selected from three distinct Oak Ridge facilities: the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); the Y-12 Plant; the K-25 Plant (the old Gaseous Diffusion Plant). The location selected from ORNL is the influent to the Process Waste Treatment Plant (PWTP). This location is representative of those Wastewater Treatment Plants that process water that is known to be radionuclide-containing. The location selected from the Y-12 Plant is the City Flow Monitoring Station. This location represents those sanitary sewer discharges from the DOE Complex that are routed off-site to a civilian waste water treatment plant. The seven locations selected from the K-25 Plant consist of various storm drains and surface waters that are tested during the normal course of K-25's environmental monitoring program. These locations represent the varied surface waters that are tested for radioactivity levels across the DOE Complex. Final ranking and prioritization of these sites will result in a final selection of at least four sites for testing of the Thermo Alpha Monitor during Phase 2 (the Optional Phase) of the current program. It is anticipated that testing will include the ORNL, PWTP, the Y-12 City Flow Monitoring Station, and two of the K-25 surface water sites

  9. Meat quality of final pig hybrids

    OpenAIRE

    VONDRUŠKOVÁ, Jana

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to inform about pig genotypes and sex influencing selected traits of meat quality. Several combinations of the final pig hybrids (CLxCLW)xCLW-sire line, (CLxCLW)x(CLW-sire line x Pn), (CLxCLW)x(DxPn) and (CLxCLW)x(CLW-sire line x D)with balanced sex ratio (barrows : gilts). The highest intramuscular fat content (2,15 %) has been detected in the (CLxCLW)x(CLW-sire line x D) hybrid combination; the barrows (1,78 %) reached a higher ratio compared to gilts (1,42 %). Th...

  10. NCSU reactor sharing program. Final technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Reactor Program at North Carolina State University provides the PULSTAR Research Reactor and associated facilities to eligible institutions with support, in part, from the Department of Energy Reactor Sharing Program. Participation in the NCSU Reactor Sharing Program continues to increase steadily with visitors ranging from advance high school physics and chemistry students to Ph.D. level research from neighboring universities. This report is the Final Technical Report for the DOE award reference number DE-FG05-95NE38136 which covers the period September 30, 1995 through September 30, 1996

  11. ATAC Process Proof of Concept Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bri Rolston; Sarah Freeman

    2014-03-01

    Researchers at INL with funding from the Department of Energy’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) evaluated a novel approach for near real-time consumption of threat intelligence. Demonstration testing in an industry environment supported the development of this new process to assist the electric sector in securing their critical networks. This report provides the reader with an understanding of the methods used during this proof of concept project. The processes and templates were further advanced with an industry partner during an onsite assessment. This report concludes with lessons learned and a roadmap for final development of these materials for use by industry.

  12. Internet censorship: Congress moves toward final decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirken, B

    1995-12-01

    The House and the Senate have passed proposals restricting the online access to obscene or indecent information. AIDS activists and service organizations fear that the proposals will restrict the distribution of HIV/AIDS information. A House/Senate conference committee soon will meet for a final decision. Religious right organizations are pressing for additional restrictions, while civil liberties, arts, and libertarian groups have expressed opposition on freedom-of-speech grounds. Some conservatives, including Newt Gingrich (R-GA), believe that the proposals may retard the growth of online communication.

  13. Solar thermal repowering systems integration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubberly, L. J.; Gormely, J. E.; McKenzie, A. W.

    1979-08-01

    This report is a solar repowering integration analysis which defines the balance-of-plant characteristics and costs associated with the solar thermal repowering of existing gas/oil-fired electric generating plants. Solar repowering interface requirements for water/steam and salt or sodium-cooled central receivers are defined for unit sizes ranging from 50 MWe non-reheat to 350 MWe reheat. Finally balance-of-plant cost estimates are presented for each of six combinations of plant type, receiver type and percent solar repowering.

  14. Final Report: Performance Engineering Research Institute

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mellor-Crummey, John [Rice University

    2014-10-27

    This document is a final report about the work performed for cooperative agreement DE-FC02-06ER25764, the Rice University effort of Performance Engineering Research Institute (PERI). PERI was an Enabling Technologies Institute of the Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC-2) program supported by the Department of Energy's Office of Science Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program. The PERI effort at Rice University focused on (1) research and development of tools for measurement and analysis of application program performance, and (2) engagement with SciDAC-2 application teams.

  15. LC-finer catalyst testing. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garg, D.; Bronfenbrenner, J.C.

    1983-09-01

    The activity and aging rate of modified Shell 324 Ni-Mo-Al catalyst were studied in ICRC's process development unit (PDU) under SRC-I Demonstration Plant hydroprocessing conditions. The studies determined variations in SRC conversion, hydrocarbon gas production, hydrogen consumption, and heteroatom removal at both constant and increasing reaction temperatures. Samples of spent catalyst were analyzed to ascertain the reasons for catalyst deactivation. Finally, the PDU hydroprocessing results were compared with those generated at Lummus and Wilsonville pilot plants. 14 references, 25 figures, 16 tables.

  16. Energy Impact Illinois - Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olson, Daniel [Senior Energy Efficiency Planner; Plagman, Emily [Senior Energy Planner; Silberhorn, Joey-Lin [Energy Efficiency Program Assistant

    2014-02-18

    Energy Impact Illinois (EI2) is an alliance of government organizations, nonprofits, and regional utility companies led by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) that is dedicated to helping communities in the Chicago metropolitan area become more energy efficient. Originally organized as the Chicago Region Retrofit Ramp-Up (CR3), EI2 became part of the nationwide Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) in May 2010 after receiving a $25 million award from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) authorized through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The program’s primary goal was to fund initiatives that mitigate barriers to energy efficiency retrofitting activities across residential, multifamily, and commercial building sectors in the seven-county CMAP region and to help to build a sustainable energy efficiency marketplace. The EI2 Final Technical Report provides a detailed review of the strategies, implementation methods, challenges, lessons learned, and final results of the EI2 program during the initial grant period from 2010-2013. During the program period, EI2 successfully increased direct retrofit activity in the region and was able to make a broader impact on the energy efficiency market in the Chicago region. As the period of performance for the initial grant comes to an end, EI2’s legacy raises the bar for the region in terms of helping homeowners and building owners to take action on the continually complex issue of energy efficiency.

  17. The Remote Security Station (RSS) final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Remote Security Station (RSS) was developed by Sandia National Laboratories for the Defense Nuclear Agency to investigate issues pertaining to robotics and sensor fusion in physical security systems. This final report documents the status of the RSS program at its completion in April 1992. The RSS system consists of the Man Portable Security Station (MaPSS) and the Telemanaged Mobile Security Station (TMSS), which are integrated by the Operator's Control Unit (OCU) into a flexible exterior perimeter security system. The RSS system uses optical, infrared, microwave, and acoustic intrusion detection sensors in conjunction with sensor fusion techniques to increase the probability of detection and to decrease the nuisance alarm rate of the system. Major improvements to the system developed during the final year are an autonomous patrol capability, which allows TMSS to execute security patrols with limited operator interaction, and a neural network approach to sensor fusion, which significantly improves the system's ability to filter out nuisance alarms due to adverse weather conditions

  18. Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-17

    The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) is issuing a final rule to amend the regulations implementing Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 as they relate to employer-sponsored wellness programs. This rule addresses the extent to which an employer may offer an inducement to an employee for the employee's spouse to provide information about the spouse's manifestation of disease or disorder as part of a health risk assessment (HRA) administered in connection with an employer-sponsored wellness program. Several technical changes to the existing regulations are included. Published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, the EEOC also issued a final rule to amend the regulations and interpretive guidance implementing Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) that addresses the extent to which employers may use incentives to encourage employees to participate in wellness programs that ask them to respond to disability-related inquiries and/or undergo medical examinations. PMID:27192741

  19. Diode and Final Focus Simulations for DARHT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Thomas P.; Welch, Dale R.; Carlson, Randolph L.

    1997-05-01

    We have used the numerical simulation codes uc(ivory,) uc(iprop) and uc(pbguns) to simulate beam dynamics in the diode and final focus of the 4 kA, 20 MV DARHT linear accelerator. A low emittance 4 MV, 4 kA source for a 4-pulse injector was designed using uc(ivory) and uc(pbguns.) Due to the long pulse length (four 70 ns pulses over 1 μsec), we have kept the field stress to stacks. The normalized edge emittance produced by the diode optics is only ≈ 130 mm-mrad. In the final-focus region, we have used uc(iprop) to model the effect of ion emission from the target. The intense electric field of the beam at the 1 mm diameter focal spot produces substantial ion velocities, and, if the space-charge-limited current density can be supplied, significant focal spot degradation may occur due to ion space-charge. Calculations for the ITS test stand, which has a larger focal spot, show that the effect should be observable for H^+ and C^+ ion species. The effect may be lessened if there is insufficient ion density on the target to supply the space-charge-limited current density, or if the ion charge-to-mass ratio is sufficiently large.

  20. CHP plant Legionowo Poland - Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    In 1997, a new Energy Law was passed in Poland. An important element of the law is that local energy planning is made obligatory. The law describes obligatory tasks and procedures for Polish municipalities related to planning and organisation of the energy sector. With the objective of supporting the Polish municipalities in their obligations according to the energy law of 1997, the project 'Energy Planning in Poland at Municipal Level - Support to Decision Makers' was launched. As part of the project, Municipal Guideline Reports have been elaborated for three model municipalities. These guidelines present the basis for the Energy Supply Plans in these municipalities. For the city of Legionowo, the following was recommended: 1. The planning processes initiated during the project should be continues/followed up, 2. Master Plan for the district heating system should be prepared, 3. The possibilities of establishment of a major natural gas-fired CHP plant of the Combined Cycle type should be investigated. The present report is the final Master Plan based on the following reports: Master Plan for Legionowo - Status Report; Master Plan for Legionowo - Hydraulic Analysis; CHP Plant Legionowo Poland - CHP Feasibility Analysis. The final Master Plan describes the status in the DH Company in Legionowo, possible improvements and an investment plan for the selected scenario. (BA)