WorldWideScience

Sample records for bible

  1. Linux bible

    CERN Document Server

    Negus, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    The industry favorite Linux guide, updated for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and the cloud Linux Bible, 9th Edition is the ultimate hands-on Linux user guide, whether you're a true beginner or a more advanced user navigating recent changes. This updated ninth edition covers the latest versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 (RHEL 7), Fedora 21, and Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, and includes new information on cloud computing and development with guidance on Openstack and Cloudforms. With a focus on RHEL 7, this practical guide gets you up to speed quickly on the new enhancements for enterprise-quality file s

  2. Joomla! Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Shreves, Ric

    2010-01-01

    Comprehensive guide to creating Web sites with the open-source Joomla!1.5. Joomla! is an open-source content management system (CMS) for Web sites. While it is free and relatively easy to use, there are lots of tricks and functionality that may not be intuitive to new users or those switching from other systems. And the previous version is quite different from the new Joomla 1.5, for which documentation is sparse. Joomla! Bible is the complete, step-by-step guide you need to build and manage Web sites using the very newest version of this powerful and popular CMS.: Walks you through obtaining

  3. Joomla! bible

    CERN Document Server

    Shreves, Ric

    2013-01-01

    Your complete guide to the Joomla! content management system Whether you use Joomla! to power a website, intranet, or blog, you'll need a good how-to reference on this complex, but not always intuitive, content management software. Joomla! Bible, Second Edition is that book. It not only brings you up to speed on the changes and extensions that are now part of Joomla! 3.0, it thoroughly covers functions and tasks, including installation, configuration, management, advanced modules, and extended coverage of two key extensions. You'll learn how to obtain code and depl

  4. Spreading the Bible in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    According to records of the Bible Society in China, more than 300 million copies of the Bible in Chinese have been published and distributed since 1823. The spread of the Bible in China has gone through five stages.

  5. Features of the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘隽

    2008-01-01

    Every literature has its features in some aspects,so is the Bible,one of the greatest literary works in the world that has great impact on western literature.This paper summarizes two features of the Bible,namely,cultural feature and literary feature.

  6. The Bible and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A Western scholar once said that if all English writings were destroyed except the Bible, it would still be a perfect showcase for the beauty and power of the English language. To this, a Chinese may add: Jesus "speaks" Chinese in the same charming manner, as the Chinese Bible also reproduces the beauty and power of the original version.

  7. Bible Study in Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riede, Paul

    2012-01-01

    A growing number of teachers across the U.S. are comfortable using the Bible as a teaching tool. Public school courses involving study of the Bible have spread to at least 43 states, and at least seven state legislatures have approved laws encouraging some form of Bible study. High schools now offer elective courses on the Bible that adhere to a…

  8. Embryology in Holy Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhaktha, P K

    1996-01-01

    The knowledge of Embryology and its existence dates back to the remote antiquity of mankind. The theory of maternal impressions on Embryo has its sanction in the Holy Bible. Apart from this it is remarkable to find artificial incubation of the eggs of birds practised 'probably' as far back as about 3000 B.C. Other than these, the existence of midwives, cases of premature births, deliveries of the women of advanced age and the obstetric chair etc. are the expositions of the science of medicine in the Holy Bible.

  9. Taking Bible to Heart

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Protestant Church of China holds its first Bible exhibition in Europe as China embraces the holy book Michelle Schneider, a 21-year-old German Christian who works in China, didn’t expect to find so many churches open to the

  10. Access 2013 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Alexander, Michael

    2013-01-01

    A comprehensive reference to the updated and new features of Access 2013 As the world's most popular database management tool, Access enables you to organize, present, analyze, and share data as well as build powerful database solutions. However, databases can be complex. That's why you need the expert guidance in this comprehensive reference. Access 2013 Bible helps you gain a solid understanding of database purpose, construction, and application so that whether you're new to Access or looking to upgrade to the 2013 version, this well-rounded resource provides you with a th

  11. JavaScript bible

    CERN Document Server

    Goodman, Danny; Novitski, Paul; Rayl, Tia Gustaffl

    2009-01-01

    The bestselling JavaScript reference, now updated to reflect changes in technology and best practices. As the most comprehensive book on the market, the JavaScript Bible is a classic bestseller that keeps you up to date on the latest changes in JavaScript, the leading technology for incorporating interactivity into Web pages. Part tutorial, part reference, this book serves as both a learning tool for building new JavaScript skills as well as a detailed reference for the more experienced JavaScript user. You'll get up-to-date coverage on the latest JavaScript practices that have been implemente

  12. WordPress Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Brazell, Aaron

    2011-01-01

    Get the latest word on the biggest self-hosted blogging tool on the marketWithin a week of the announcement of WordPress 3.0, it had been downloaded over a million times. Now you can get on the bandwagon of this popular open-source blogging tool with WordPress Bible, 2nd Edition. Whether you're a casual blogger or programming pro, this comprehensive guide covers the latest version of WordPress, from the basics through advanced application development. If you want to thoroughly learn WordPress, this is the book you need to succeed.Explores the principles of blogging, marketing, and social media

  13. The Bible: Still a Classic Worldwide Bestseller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Maridella

    2002-01-01

    Suggests educators should help students read religious texts such as the Bible, the Torah, and the Koran and that they should teach ways to reflect critically on these texts. Discusses ways to teach the Bible. (SG)

  14. Anatomy of a Bible Course Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paterson, Frances R. A.

    2003-01-01

    Examines case law on the subject of Bible instruction in the public schools, offers a detailed analysis and critique of the National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools curriculum, and provides suggestions for public schools contemplating adding a course on the Bible to their curricula. (Contains 89 references.) (Author/PKP)

  15. A Pragmatic Pedagogy of Bible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenstein, Edward L.

    2009-01-01

    Many Bible scholars have become aware of the fact that the results we produce are dependent on the particular approaches that we choose to employ, and have become more self-conscious about the methods we use and the reasons we use them. Each approach to the analysis and interpretation of a text will yield its own type of meaning or understanding.…

  16. Living inside the Bible (Belt)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Shannon

    2007-01-01

    When evangelical Christian students enter the academy, they often find that its tenets and values conflict with their reliance on the Bible as a source of truth and evidence. In this essay, the author attempts to articulate the ways in which rhetorical dexterity might enable students to use literacies they already possess (like deep knowledge of…

  17. English Bibles on Trial: Bible Burning and the Desecration of Bibles c.1640-1800

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shamir, Avner

    The aim of this book is to explore antagonism towards and acts of violence against English Bibles in England and Scotland (and, to a lesser degree, Ireland) from the English Civil war to the end of the eighteenth century. By focusing on violent gestures, which expressed resentment, rejection...

  18. Translation of the Bible in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Worldwide translation of the Bible began in the 3rd century B.C., but records of the Chinese version of the Bible go back to around the 7th-8th century. According to Gu Changsheng, a researcher of the history of Christianity in China, the earliest translation of the Bible in China can be found at the time of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). In 635, foreign

  19. Elementary Analysis of the Bible Linguistic Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈月汀

    2014-01-01

    The English language in its development course embraces every aspect of social life and it reflects the unique cultural tradition of the western society. The bible has had a huge impact on western culture. There are a lot of English words from the bible. This paper from derived words, euphemism, idiom, proverb and British and American literature perspectives discusses the linguistic artistic characteristics of the bible and its influence on the English language.

  20. 3ds Max 2012 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Murdock, Kelly L

    2011-01-01

    Updated version of the bestselling 3ds Max book on the market 3ds Max 2012 Bible is one of the most popular 3ds Max how-tos on the market. If you're a beginner just itching to create something right away, the Quick Start project in Part 1 is for you. If you're an experienced user checking out 3ds Max 2012's latest and greatest features, you'll love the fact that the 3ds Max 2012 Bible continues to be the most comprehensive reference on this highly complex application.Find out what's new, what's tried and true, and how creative you can get using the tips, tricks, and techniques in this must-hav

  1. An Analysis of Feminism in Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Pei-xiang

    2014-01-01

    As the foundation of western civilization and western Christian religion, Bible plays a very important role in decisively shaping human ideology and greatly influencing people's behavior. Bible has a magnificent influence on western culture, history, literature as well as art. To safeguard women's rights and strive for equality to men, feminists are all along engaged in interpreting Bible in a way reflecting women's perspectives. In this thesis, the author tries to give a brief introduction to feminist interpreta-tion of Bible, demonstrates the view point about the sex of God, and talks about feminist viewpoints on equal treatment for male and female in .

  2. Philosophy of Marriage in the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Wen-jing

    2015-01-01

    Bible, as one of the most significant sources of western literature, theology and philosophy has been illustrated in many different perspectives. This thesis is going to talk about the marriage philosophy in the Holy Bible (English and the new interna⁃tional version).

  3. Intellectual Freedom and the Bible College Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Gregory A.

    2004-01-01

    A number of evangelical Christian authors have wrestled with the subject of intellectual freedom--few, though, in the context of Bible college libraries. The secular concept of intellectual freedom is incompatible with Bible colleges in that it is absolutist and shuns any standard of morality. Theological, educational, and pragmatic factors…

  4. SolidWorks 2011 Assemblies Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Lombard, Matt

    2011-01-01

    A fan of the SolidWorks Bible, but want more detail on assemblies? Here you go. SolidWorks fans have long sought more detail on SolidWorks topics, and now you have it. We took our popular SolidWorks Bible, divided it into two books (SolidWorks 2011 Assemblies Bible and SolidWorks 2011 Parts Bible) and packed each new book with a host of items from your wish lists, such as more extensive coverage of the basics, additional tutorials, and expanded coverage of topics largely ignored by other books. This SolidWorks 2011 Assemblies Bible shows you how to organize parts data to create assemblies or s

  5. Microsoft SQL Server 2012 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Jorgensen, Adam; LeBlanc, Patrick; Cherry, Denny; Nelson, Aaron

    2012-01-01

    Harness the powerful new SQL Server 2012 Microsoft SQL Server 2012 is the most significant update to this product since 2005, and it may change how database administrators and developers perform many aspects of their jobs. If you're a database administrator or developer, Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Bible teaches you everything you need to take full advantage of this major release. This detailed guide not only covers all the new features of SQL Server 2012, it also shows you step by step how to develop top-notch SQL Server databases and new data connections and keep your databases performing at p

  6. Medicine in the Holy Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhaktha, P K

    1998-07-01

    The study of history of medical science from non-medical sources needs no apology. At first sight the discussion of what was thought in the past rather than what is known now appears to be of merely anti-quarian value. The Hebrews can be proud of having preserved in the Old Testament many old medical practices and traditions which throw light on ancient medicine in general and on Hebrew medical practices in particular. The Bible is a genuinely documented book presenting the wisdom, medical knowledge and the culture of a nomadic race.

  7. PowerPoint 2010 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Wempen, Faithe

    2010-01-01

    Master PowerPoint and improve your presentation skills-with one book!. It's no longer enough to have slide after slide of text, bullets, and charts. It's not even enough to have good speaking skills if your PowerPoint slides bore your audience. Get the very most out of all that PowerPoint 2010 has to offer while also learning priceless tips and techniques for making good presentations in this new PowerPoint 2010 Bible. Well-known PowerPoint expert and author Faithe Wempen provides formatting tips; shows you how to work with drawings, tables, and SmartArt; introduces new collaboration tools; wa

  8. Windows 8.1 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Boyce, Jim; Tidrow, Rob

    2014-01-01

    Windows 8.1 coverage that goes above and beyond all competitors? Serving as an evolutionary update to Windows 8, Windows 8.1 provides critical changes to parts of Windows 8, such as greater customization of the interface and boot operations, return of a 'start button' that reveals apps, greater integration between the two interfaces, and updates to apps. Weighing in at nearly 1000 pages, Windows 8.1 Bible provides deeper Windows insight than any other book on the market. It's valuable for both professionals needing a guide to the nooks and crannies of Windows and regular users wanting a wide

  9. Office 2010 Library Excel 2010 Bible, Access 2010 Bible, PowerPoint 2010 Bible, Word 2010 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Walkenbach, John; Tyson, Herb; Wempen, Faithe

    2010-01-01

    A must-have collection of Office 2010 application Bibles, written by the world?s leading experts Talk about a bargain! Office 2010 Library offers enormous savings on four invaluable resources that boast nearly 5,000 pages and cover the core Office programs: Excel, Access, PowerPoint, and Word. The world?s leading experts of these applications provide you with an arsenal of information on the latest version of each program. Three CDs are also included that feature bonus material, including helpful templates, worksheets, examples, and more to enhance your Microsoft Office 2010 experiences. Featu

  10. Formulating a Curriculum Framework for Bible Study: Creating Course Objectives for Bible Curriculum in Jewish Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohn, Eli; Goldstein, Gabriel

    2008-01-01

    Bible teachers worldwide lack a shared language with which to describe expectations of what pupils will learn at various stages of their schooling. This article attempts such a language. If defines a framework, formulated with the assistance of twenty-five Bible teachers in Jewish schools in the United Kingdom. It is hoped that this article will…

  11. Flora of the Holy Bible part I - fruits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, G V R

    2002-01-01

    Holy Bible described several plants and the authentication of certain Biblical flora is still in debate. In this present paper, attempts are being made to workout the correct botanical identity of certain plants based on the description mentioned in the Bible. Bible is a genuinely documented book everything mentioned in the Bible has a great significance. Present study is undertaken with a view to evaluate the biblical flora in correlation with the present day knowledge especially with the Ayurvedic system of medicine.

  12. Binary Opposition of the Characterization of David in Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游伟

    2013-01-01

    Characters in Bible are like the coin possessing two sides. David, the most complicated figure in Bible, is just a case in point. From this perspective, this paper tries to use the principle of binary opposition to analyze the characterization of David in Bible, that is, David’s tolerance vs. vengeance, piety vs. impiety, and iron heart vs. sentiment.

  13. Diuretic plants in the Bible: ethnobotanical aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliotta, Giovanni; De Santo, Natale Gaspare; Iorio, Luigi

    2016-02-01

    Besides its religious importance, the Bible, because of its ancient origin represents a relevant witness of the way of life of the people mentioned in it. The Holy Scripture is also the first text revealing the utility of plants for man, as natural sources of food, wood, fibers, oils and medicinal herbs. In the last 60 years, several distinguished botanists have attempted to identify the scientific names of the plants cited in the Bible. Nonetheless, these scholars have provided different lists of plants appearing in the Bible, none of which could be accepted as indisputable. The authors have combined their expertise to focus on the identification of the diuretic plants, through an historical analysis of the literature on this issue.

  14. The impact of the Bible and Bible themes on John Rangiah's Ministry in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodney Ragwan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available John Rangiah was the first Indian Baptist missionary who came to Natal (today called KwaZulu-Natal. He was born in India in 1866 and died in 1915. He established the first Telugu Baptist Church on the African continent in Kearsney, Natal. In the corpus of South African Baptist mission literature, the contribution of John Rangiah is given very little attention. Although he is referenced by Baptist historians for his work amongst Indian Baptists, the impact of the Bible and Bible themes as well as his theology in South Africa have not been examined. This article provides insight into Rangiah�s early life and faith, and critically examines his understanding of the Bible and its themes, such as the Bible, prayer, salvation and eschatological hope. These themes will be critically examined from a conservative evangelical perspective and thereafter attempts to examine these using elements of post-colonial hermeneutics will be undertaken.

  15. Contextualizing Community in Teacher Bible Talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avni, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the interactions surrounding Bible teaching as a means of understanding how Jewish youth are discursively implicated within ideologies of community. Drawing on theoretical frameworks from linguistic anthropology and interactional sociolinguistics, I present a micro-analysis of a classroom lesson on the book of Leviticus to…

  16. Galileo and the Interpretation of the Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, William E.

    1999-01-01

    Argues that, contrary to the common view, Galileo and the theologians of the Inquisition share the same fundamental principles of biblical interpretation. Contends that Galileo and these theologians thought that the Bible contained truths about nature, but Galileo denied what the theologians accepted as scientifically true. Contains 93 references.…

  17. Black carbon in aerosol during BIBLE B

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liley, J. Ben; Baumgardner, D.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Blake, D. R.; Koike, M.; Machida, T.; Takegawa, N.; Kawakami, S.; Shirai, T.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-02-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment (BIBLE) A and B campaigns over the tropical western Pacific during springtime deployed a Gulfstream-II aircraft with systems to measure ozone and numerous precursor species. Aerosol measuring systems included a MASP optical particle counter, a condensation nucleus (CN) counter, and an absorption spectrometer for black carbon. Aerosol volume was very low in the middle and upper troposphere during both campaigns, and during BIBLE A, there was little aerosol enhancement in the boundary layer away from urban areas. In BIBLE B, there was marked aerosol enhancement in the lowest 3 km of the atmosphere. Mixing ratios of CN in cloud-free conditions in the upper troposphere were in general higher than in the boundary layer, indicating new particle formation from gaseous precursors. High concentrations of black carbon were observed during BIBLE B, with mass loadings up to 40 μg m-3 representing as much as one quarter of total aerosol mass. Strong correlations with hydrocarbon enhancement allow the determination of a black carbon emission ratio for the fires at that time. Expressed as elemental carbon, it is about 0.5% of carbon dioxide and 6% of carbon monoxide emissions from the same fires, comparable to methane production, and greater than that of other hydrocarbons.

  18. The Bible in the Family Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worsley, Howard

    2010-01-01

    This article details new material on the methodological procedure and the resultant data reduction of an investigation of what happens when Bible stories are told to children in the home. The wider material is written up in a book currently being published by Jessica Kingsley (in 2009), entitled "A child sees God". In this title, the…

  19. The kidneys in the Bible: what happened?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eknoyan, Garabed

    2005-12-01

    The kidneys, always used in the plural (kelayot), are mentioned more than 30 times in the Bible. In the Pentateuch, the kidneys are cited 11 times in the detailed instructions given for the sacrificial offering of animals at the altar. Whereas those instructions were for purification ceremonies at the Temple, sacrificial offerings were made subsequently in seeking divine intervention for the relief of medical problems. In the books of the Bible that follow the Pentateuch, mostly in Jeremiah and Psalms, the human kidneys are cited figuratively as the site of temperament, emotions, prudence, vigor, and wisdom. In five instances, they are mentioned as the organs examined by God to judge an individual. They are cited either before or after but always in conjunction with the heart as mirrors of the psyche of the person examined. There is also reference to the kidneys as the site of divine punishment for misdemeanors, committed or perceived, particularly in the book of Job, whose suffering and ailments are legendary. In the first vernacular versions of the Bible in English, the translators elected to use the term "reins" instead of kidneys in differentiating the metaphoric uses of human kidneys from that of their mention as anatomic organs of sacrificial animals burned at the altar. This initial effort at linguistic purity or gentility has progressed further in recent versions of the Bible, in which the reins are now replaced by the soul or the mind. The erosion may have begun in the centuries that followed the writing of the Bible, when recognition of the kidneys as excretory organs deprived them of the ancient aura of mysterious organs hidden deep in the body but accessible to the look of God. At approximately the same time, Greek analytical philosophy argued that the brain, which is never mentioned in the Bible, was the most divine and sacred part of the body. This argument gained ground in the past century, when the functions of the brain were elucidated, and

  20. A Study of Reading Comprehension in Older Children Using Selected Korean Bible Translations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jae Woo

    2014-01-01

    Problem: The problem of this study was to determine the difference in Bible comprehension scores among gender-based groups of older children using selected passages from three Bible translations: the Children's Bible, the Easy Bible, and the New Revised Korean Bible. Procedures: A total of 288 older children in three churches (Beautiful Baptist…

  1. References to the paraphilias and sexual crimes in the Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggrawal, Anil

    2009-04-01

    While writing a book on paraphilias, the author made a thorough search of early references to paraphilias in literature, especially the Bible. Surprisingly just one published paper was available in the literature having any discussion on the references of paraphilia in the Bible, and that too was in French. [Bieder J. The polymorphous sexual deviant: a reading of Freud and the Bible. Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1973;2(2):274-81 [in French

  2. Proton milliprobe analyses of the Gutenberg Bible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusko, Bruce H.; Cahill, Thomas A.; Eldred, Robert A.; Schwab, Richard N.

    1984-04-01

    The advent of printing with movable type is properly regarded as the most important technological event in modern cultural history, yet its earliest history is shrouded in mystery. The Davis proton milliprobe has enabled scientists and humanist scholars to collaborate in unlocking the secrets of earliest print, focusing on the contribution of Johannes Gutenberg. The 42-line Gutenberg Bible is not only the first book printed by movable type, it is considered by many to be the finest book every printed. Unfortunately very little is known about the materials and techniques used in this first large scale printing operation. In October 1982 we had the unprecedented opportunity to examine page-by-page the inks, papers, illuminations and binding of volume I of the Doheny Gutenberg Bible. A similar study of the Lilly New Testament (most of volume II) was undertaken in March 1983. The results, some wholly unexpected and very exciting, add a large new body of information about this great work, and give us new enlightenment on the day-to-day production of this first and most important printed book. Moreover, the discovery of the uniqueness of the ink in Gutenberg's Bible, combined with our ability to taken minutely detailed and non-destructive elemental "fingerprints" with the milliprobe beam of all man-made papers and inks, gives us a weapon that has never been available before to investigate some of the controversial basic questions in the history of the origins of printing technology.

  3. Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book. Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment. Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book; Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment; Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible......Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book; Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment; Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible...

  4. The Psychodrama of the Bible: Mirror and Window of Soul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitzele, Peter A.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses an approach to the study of the Bible through psychodrama. Argues that such an approach makes biblical stories and their characters real by investing them fully with humanity. Concludes that a psychodramatic approach to the Bible is a strenuous exigesis through which it is possible to look past surfaces into an inner world. (SG)

  5. A Study on Bible Archetypes in Desire under the Elms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Man-li

    2014-01-01

    Desire under the Elms reveals a tragedy of spiritual and survival desire of human being. O’Neill creates many Bible ar-chetypes in Desire under the Elms. The thesis analyzes and appreciates Desire under the Elms from aspect of Bible archetype to highlight the destructive power of improper desires in Desire under the Elms.

  6. Understanding Student Attitudes toward Bible Reading: A Philippine Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baring, Rito V.

    2008-01-01

    Reflecting from the Philippine experience, this article explores an emerging picture that characterizes contemporary Bible reading attitudes of college students. Six new attitude factor definitions are developed following the development of the Bible Reading (BR) attitude scale for college students constructed by this author in a separate study.…

  7. Introducing the Contextual Orientation to Bible: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levisohn, Jon A.

    2008-01-01

    Barry Holtz' (2003) presentation of a map of orientations for the teaching of Bible provides a certain kind of focus for research, enabling us to ask deeper and richer question about those orientations. This article investigates the teaching of one teacher, in two different settings--more specifically, how that teacher introduces Bible in those…

  8. How Often Do You Read the Bible? Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landrine, Hope; Klonoff, Elizabeth A.

    1999-01-01

    The "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" resembles the Bible not so much in terms of the dictates it espouses, but because of the way it has been, and still is, regarded by psychologists and psychology students. If the "Manual" is like the Bible, one may predict the continuing neglect of its dictates.…

  9. How Often Do You Read the Bible? Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landrine, Hope; Klonoff, Elizabeth A.

    1999-01-01

    The "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" resembles the Bible not so much in terms of the dictates it espouses, but because of the way it has been, and still is, regarded by psychologists and psychology students. If the "Manual" is like the Bible, one may predict the continuing neglect of its dictates. (SLD)

  10. The Influence of The Bible on The Pilgrim's Progress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈竹琴

    2009-01-01

    The Bible is the classic work of Christianity.The influence of the Bible on the British and American literature is profound and extensive.Therefore,one of the most profoundly influenced literature works-The Pilgrim's Progress,which was the British pastor and essay writer John Bunyan's representative work couldn't don't be involved.Thus,this paper is going to elaborate the influence of The Bible on The Pilgrim's Progress systematically by the conscientious reading and analysis.Firstly,this paper will introduce the background of The Bible,and its composing parts,and its relation with the British and American literature.Secondly,this paper will also emphatically recommend The Pilgrim's Progress and its author John Bunyan.At last,it will analyze the relation between The Bible and The Pilgrim's Progress.

  11. The Bible on homosexuality: exploring its meaning and authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, Kenneth A

    2004-01-01

    Even within this secular age the Bible is still referred to in controversial matters of ethics and morality. Nowhere is this more evident than in the debate over the acceptability or unacceptability of homosexuality. This paper evaluates the Bible's statements on homoeroticism by explaining their historical, cultural, linguistic and narrative contexts. It finds that while the Bible is silent on matters of orientation, it does seem to adopt a negative attitude toward at least male same-sex sexual encounters. This finding, however, is in itself irrelevant unless it is related to how communities use and make sense of the Bible. There are many biblical prohibitions and condemnations that are ignored by even the most fundamentalist Christian groups. Whether the biblical passages on homoeroticism are treated authoritatively or not rests ultimately on the outlook and interpretive framework used by a Christian community to make coherent sense of the Bible.

  12. Should Bible Studies Remain in Israeli Public Schools? Teachers' Attitudes toward Bible Teaching as a Mandatory Subject

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idalovichi, Israel

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide an overview and analysis of attitudes of Israeli K-12 educators and bible teachers toward religious studies. Teachers' attitudes toward bible teaching as a mandatory subject are, on the whole, positive throughout the country. The present study addresses the absence of systematic research into the opinions…

  13. An Exploration of Moshe Greenberg's Religious Vision and Its Manifestation in His Bible Scholarship and Writings on Bible Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Alex

    2010-01-01

    This article is an attempt to explore the religious vision of Moshe Greenberg in some detail, and in particular, to analyze how his approach to education is applied to and reflected in his ideas about the teaching and learning of Bible, and in his own Bible scholarship itself. The paper examines the connection between Greenberg's philosophy of…

  14. The Curious Case of a "Mayflower Bible"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn K. Coates

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A library at a small liberal arts university receives from a donor an old book, which has long been assumed to be a Mayflower Bible. A staff librarian who is not accustomed to dealing with rare books reflects on the process of determining the true identity of the volume, its provenance, and the story behind it, with particular interest in the value of this experience to a library whose special collections are limited. Attention to the history of the book and of print culture demonstrate that even the most unlikely library gifts can serve the liberal arts institution through their value both as text and as artifact.

  15. Linux command line and shell scripting bible

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Talk directly to your system for a faster workflow with automation capability Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible is your essential Linux guide. With detailed instruction and abundant examples, this book teaches you how to bypass the graphical interface and communicate directly with your computer, saving time and expanding capability. This third edition incorporates thirty pages of new functional examples that are fully updated to align with the latest Linux features. Beginning with command line fundamentals, the book moves into shell scripting and shows you the practical application

  16. The Bible: Why We Need to Teach It; How Some Do.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wachlin, Marie Goughnour

    1998-01-01

    Argues that the Bible is a classic in a class by itself, and discusses why secondary students need to study it. Notes legal interpretations that guide Bible teachers and students. Describes how secondary English teachers are successfully teaching the Bible in several schools across the country, and discusses literary allusions, bible versions,…

  17. THE BIBLE LANGUAGE IN THE AMERICAN LYRIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Rosario Candelier

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The footprint of the Bible in its intellectual and aesthetic expression is manifested in the creation of poetry and fiction. The religious and mystical poetry, and the use of biblical language through the recreation of characters, themes or motifs inspired by the sacred text, are a tribute to the Holy Book  and a creative vein of literature inspired by this paradigmatic work of our culture. The biblical language that channel profound teachings and revealed truths through diverse literary figures, has been a fruitful means of creation. Besides intuition and inspiration, in the poetic language flowing the signals of revelation that synthesize perception of consciousness, the metaphysics slope of the existing and the effluvia of Transcendence. In its implementation intervenes the creative power of poetry that the word formalized in images, myths and concepts. In numerous poetic creations there are formal, conceptual and spiritual reminiscent of the Holy Book. It’s prolific the trace of the Bible in literature, culture and spiritual awareness. The word that creates and raises is a melting pot of the aesthetic feeling and spirituality. In fact, the Gospel contains the inspiring principle of Christian mystical literature. By focusing biblical language in poetic creation, we appreciate literary formulas and compositional resources. There is a wisdom and a stylistic inherent in biblical language, which manifests itself in a biblical tone, a biblical image and a biblical technique that the language arts formalized in various forms of creation. Knowing from the biblical heritage is reflected in judgments, prophetic visions, parables, allegories, parallelisms and other resources that have fallen into the lyrical flow. The biblical language embodies a format registered by proverbs, hymns, prayers, metaphors and other expressive resources format. In the biblical text we find various literary forms that have fueled the substance of poetic creation, as

  18. Experiencing Mythology and the Bible: Reading, Writing, Looking, and Dancing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comm, Lisabeth

    1989-01-01

    Outlines a one-semester course on mythology and the Bible. Notes that the course focuses on a reader-response approach to literature, and combines experiences with art and dance as well as with literary texts. (MM)

  19. Intertextuality: On the use of the Bible in mystical texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kees Waaijman

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discussed the use of the Bible in mystical texts by focusing on intertextuality as a literary approach which analyses the intersection of texts. It investigated how mystical texts, as phenotexts, relate to the Bible as archetext: firstly, the intertextual relations affect the surface of the text in a mono-causal way and secondly, they govern the production of meaning reciprocally. The article also discussed forms of intersection (quotations, collage, allusions and reproduction before it analysed the three intertextual strategies producing meaning: participation, detachment and change or rearrangement. Finally, six functions and dimensions of meaning were delineated in the intertextual dynamic between the Bible and the mystical texts. In these the Bible serves as an authoritative framework for argumentation, as a guide and blueprint of the mystical way, as a vocabulary of mystical experience, as an initiation into the divine infinity, as the place of mystical transformation in love and as the articulation of transformation in glory.

  20. "Abomination"--life as a Bible belt gay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Bernadette

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on observation, autoethnography, and audio-taped interviews, this article explores the religious backgrounds and experiences of Bible Belt gays. In the Bible Belt, Christianity is not confined to Sunday worship. Christian crosses, messages, paraphernalia, music, news, and attitudes permeate everyday settings. Consequently, Christian fundamentalist dogma about homosexuality-that homosexuals are bad, diseased, perverse, sinful, other, and inferior-is cumulatively bolstered within a variety of other social institutions and environments in the Bible Belt. Of the 46 lesbians and gay men interviewed for this study (age 18-74 years), most describe living through spirit-crushing experiences of isolation, abuse, and self-loathing. This article argues that the geographic region of the Bible Belt intersects with religious-based homophobia. Informants explained that negative social attitudes about homosexuality caused a range of harmful consequences in their lives including the fear of going to hell, depression, low self-esteem, and feelings of worthlessness.

  1. A Shallow Analysis of the Covenant Spirit in Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 冯育军

    2016-01-01

    In the Bible, the word"contract" is the core concept, which refers to the covenant between God and man to regulate people's behavior, to give people the interests of the world, and to form an interactive relationship. In this paper, the three important contracts concluded by God and man, namely,"Noah's covenant","Abraham's covenant","David's covenant", this article explores the spirit of contract in the Bible.

  2. Soul and psyche: The Bible in psychological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem J. Smith

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available During the last third of the twentieth century a discipline that applies psychological and psychoanalytic insight to the study of the Bible, has resurfaced within biblical studies. In his book, Soul and Psyche, Wayne Rollins offers a psychological biblical approach as one of the new approaches to Scripture since the 1960’s. This approach tends to bring a renewed appreciation for the role of the human psyche or soul in the history of the Bible and its interpretation.

  3. On Speech Act Theory in Conversations of the Holy Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Hongya

    2014-01-01

    Speech act theory is an important theory in current pragmatics, which is originated with the Oxford philosopher John Langshaw Austin. Speech act theory is started from research on daily language’s function. There are few papers using speech act theory to analyze literature works. The holy bible is a literature treasure in human history, so this paper tries to use speech act theory to analyze conversations of Bible and provide some enlightenment for readers.

  4. PAUL TILLICH UNDERSTANDING ABOUT THE BIBLE FROM A INTERRELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVE

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    Thiago Pinheiro

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Paul Tillich is more alluded as systematic theologian than as a thinker who moves within hermeneutical and exegetical fields. Similarly, his work is recognized as a Christological and ontological development than as writings that promote inter-religious dialogue. However, his works can be one of both Bible interpretation and opening to other religions. Thus, this proposal aims to understand the place of the Bible in the thought of Tillich, both in theological perspective and in inter-religious perspective. He believes that the Bible is the source of systematic theology for the fact of being the original document in which the Christian church is grounded. The revelation of Jesus as the Christ in the Bible is opened for inter-religious reflection. So the question that guides this proposal asks how the Bible as a source of theological work, allows to Christian theology dialogue with other religions. An answer to this question lies in the proposed of Tillich through deliteralization project. There are two aspects of deliteralization: the first is the preservation of myth/symbol, the second is the no-literal treatment, which allows the use of the Bible as a source of systematic theology. These two aspects allow talk about the universality of Christ event. The deliteralization may cause a greater range of the Christian message, as the opening so that its message points beyond itself, since it allows the preservation of the myth and the valuation of symbols.

  5. The really good news: What the Bible says about sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haffner, D W

    1997-01-01

    According to this author's analysis of the Bible, its text reveals its usefulness as a theological tool capable of demonstrating a sexual theology that rejects attempts to limit experiences of sexuality or promote systematic oppression of sexuality. The Hebrew Bible covers many sexual themes in its stories, starting with an explanation of biological sex and the reason for two genders given in the creation stories and moving on to the importance of sexual intercourse for sexual pleasure as well as for procreation. Additional themes reviewed from the Hebrew Bible include physical beauty, love at first sight, fertility, genital and bodily functions, destructive uses of sexuality, sexuality in relationships, homosexuality, adultery, and celibacy. The Song of Solomon is the most overtly sexual book of the Bible, and the early Christian teachers attempted to present these verses as allegory and went so far as to warn that no one under the age of 30 should read the text. On the other hand, the New Testament contains little about sexuality with the exception of the First Letter of Paul to the Church in Corinth, which could be viewed as a first-century form of sexual instruction because it covers at least 17 sexuality topics, including anatomy, families, child rearing, values, decision making, communication, assertiveness, shared sexual behavior, and sexual desire, and provides information on bodies, love, marriage, gender roles, and sexuality. Thus, according to the author, the Bible is an important starting point in the struggle of many denominations with sexuality issues. She recommends that sexologists consider the sexual theology present in the Bible and its impact on the people they serve and that they spread the news that the Bible affirms a healthy and positive view of sexuality.

  6. The Influence of the Bible on Religious Reformation Under the Tudors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金辉; 唐岩

    2013-01-01

    Henry VIII is famous for his bold and thorough religious revolution. Henry took in the idea of religious reformation from the English version of the Bible. This thesis explores the influence of the Bible on religious reformation under the Tudors.

  7. Vision 2025 and the Bible translation movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirk J. Franklin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Complex questions have arisen about how Christian mission agencies function within a globalised context. The changing context has impacted on how the missio Dei has been worked out within these agencies and this has had implications of a theological and missiological nature in particular as to how the agencies have interacted with the church worldwide. This has lead to new paradigms of how mission is conceptualised. The growth of the church worldwide in newer soil has forced mission agencies such as the Wycliffe Global Alliance (WGA to re-evaluate their place in the world. It has been assumed that as resources have decreased from parts of the world where the WGA has had its traditional roots, there are missiological factors in determining how this impacts on the WGA. There are many missiological implications for the WGA that come from influences in church history on the importance of the translatability of the gospel especially in the context of Bible translation. These have impacted the WGA’s understanding of itself and in particular of how it has interpreted and reinterpreted its Vision 2025. When the missio Dei converges with outcomes of globalisation there are numerous implications for an agency such as the WGA. Consequently, the article concludes that none of these matters can be ignored. Instead they must be explored and lessons learnt from them that can be passed along to others in similar situations.

  8. Job of the Bible: leprosy or scabies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelboom, Thierry; Cogan, Elie; Klastersky, Jean

    2007-04-01

    Proposing a medical diagnosis a posteriori of a person who died a long time ago is not as impossible as it sounds if sufficient medical history is available.A whole book of the Bible is devoted to Job and his trials. The diagnosis of leprosy has been generally accepted by medieval commentators because the verses of the Book speak of ulcers disseminated over the skin, and also because leprosy is an exemplary sanction imposed by way of example by God to punish those who have committed a sin. In this paper, we have taken the different verses with a medical content from the Book of Job, and reconstructed the clinical picture as if the patient had turned up in the 21st century in order to see if the diagnosis of leprosy may be called into question, and to discuss the limits of the medico-historic approach. The clinical picture of the disease consists of deterioration in the general condition, with widespread pain, confusion, skin eruptions, bilious vomiting, and so on. Under these conditions, if Job did exist, and if the retrospective medical history is reliable, the most likely diagnosis is that of scabies rather than leprosy.

  9. Inspiration and the Texts of the Bible

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    Dirk Buchner

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to explore what the inspired text of the Old Testament was as it existed for the New Testament authors, particularly for the author of the book of Hebrews. A quick look at the facts makes. it clear that there was, at the time, more than one 'inspired' text, among these were the Septuagint and the Masoretic Text 'to name but two'. The latter eventually gained ascendancy which is why it forms the basis of our translated Old Testament today. Yet we have to ask: what do we make of that other text that was the inspired Bible to the early Church, especially to the writer of the book of Hebrews, who ignored the Masoretic text? This article will take a brief look at some suggestions for a doctrine of inspiration that keeps up with the facts of Scripture. Allied to this, the article is something of a bibliographical study of recent developments in textual research following the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls.

  10. Politicians and Epidemics in the Bible Belt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geurt Henk Spruyt

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The Netherlands has a high vaccination coverage, but due to a concentration of people objecting to vaccination on religious grounds in the Bible belt, several polio and measles epidemics have occurred there in the past. This article analyses how and in what way Dutch politicians responded to parents refusing to have their children vaccinated. First, during these epidemics Members of Parliament mainly addressed written questions of a highly technical or procedural nature to the responsible State Secretary or Minister of Public Health. Secondly, the government always requested advice from an advisory body with regard to matters of health after an epidemic. These reports were opposed to mandatory vaccination mainly by using practical arguments. However, by advocating the idea of strengthening the position of minors in public healthcare these reports contributed to legislation codifying the rights of minors concerning public health. The most important rationale behind this response is the complexity of the issue of mandatory vaccination, because different human rights are involved. On the one hand, mandatory vaccination infringes the constitutional rights to the freedom of thought, conscience and religion and encroaches on parental autonomy. On the other hand, children have a right to physical integrity. To find a way out of this unsolvable dilemma, the government and its advisory bodies mainly used practical arguments against mandatory vaccination.

  11. The Relationship between Bible Literacy and Academic Achievement and School Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeynes, William H.

    2009-01-01

    This study assessed the relationship between Bible literacy among secondary school students and their academic achievement and school behavior. One hundred and forty students in the 7th to 12th grade were randomly selected from a Christian school. Four measures of Bible knowledge were combined to obtain an overall measure of Bible literacy. They…

  12. Bible Knowledge and Moral Judgment: Knowing Scripture and Using Ethical Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Daniel

    2004-01-01

    The relationship between moral judgment and religious knowledge was investigated, with an analysis of the impact of academic skill on both domains. Fifty-six Bible college seniors completed measures of moral judgment (Defining Issues Test), Bible knowledge (Standardized Bible Content Test), and academic skill (Academic Profile). Results indicate…

  13. Defending the Concept of Time in the Hebrew Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundvad, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Due to the scarcity of reflection on time as an independent subject in the Hebrew Bible, there has been a scholarly tendency to consider biblical time conception more limited than our own, perhaps even nonexistent. This article confronts the scholarly skepticism regarding the ability...... of the biblical authors to think about time, defending the presence of time conceptualization in the Hebrew Bible. In the article I discuss central research contributions to the subject of biblical time, in particular Sacha Stern’s thesis that the concept of time is entirely absent from the Hebrew Bible and from...... ancient Judaism more widely. I explore linguistic and anthropological assumptions which underpin large parts of the discussion on time within biblical studies, arguing that one cannot assume on the basis of either that the biblical authors lacked a concept of time. Finally, I suggest that the ability...

  14. The Impact of the Bible on the English Vocabulary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈月汀

    2013-01-01

    The Bible, which covers ancient Hebrew and Greek politics, history, legislation, philosophy, geography, traditions, cus⁃toms and arts, has been regarded as an all-including encyclopedia. Moreover, its brief, specific but natural and graceful language is cherished as English learners’delicacies. A good command of its words will help people with their studies of English and Western culture. The paper aims at understanding the essence of the English language and western culture on the basis of researching Eng⁃lish vocabulary to the Bible is derived.

  15. Semantic Structure and Dynamics of Precedential Situation of Bible Cradle

    OpenAIRE

    Nadezhda Mikhaylovna Orlova

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with the issues connected with the Bible text as a precedential phenomenon in the Russian and European literature and culture. The Old Testament plot of Sarah and Hagar as well as key concepts formed on its base are in the center of the author's attention. As this situation contains a dramatic element, its plot is created as a novel type, and the Bible narrative is marked with the presence of female characters. In the precedential field of the presented plot, such concepts a...

  16. The Hebrew Bible as Data : Laboratory - Sharing - Experiences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roorda, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    The systematic study of ancient texts including their production, transmission and interpretation is greatly aided by the digital methods that started taking off in the 1970s. But how is that research in turn transmitted to new generations of researchers? We tell a story of Bible and computer across

  17. On the issue of systemic conceptography of the Holy Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymyr Shyrokov

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available On the issue of systemic conceptography of the Holy Bible The systemic cognitive and linguistic principles of the conceptographic text interpretation are stated. The concept of nonrandom text is introduced. The operational principles of the non-random text conceptography are analyzed and systematized. The theoretical approaches are illustrated on the New Testament text English.

  18. Samaria, Samaritans and the Composition of the Hebrew Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjelm, Ingrid

    2010-01-01

    Examination of supersessionism and competition over cult and belief inherent in narratives and structures of the Hebrew Bible. While discussions over cult  places are presented in a variety of extra-biblical sources as taking place in post-exilic times, biblical narratives anachronistically place...

  19. De-culturising the Bible: Translation as Truth-Transcribed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    and Christians can be seen in the high number of scholarly contributions. It is undeniable that these translations had a huge impact on medieval Arab-Islamic culture, its lingual, literary and religious landscapes. Modern translations of the Bible into standard Arabic and/or in its vernacular varieties since...

  20. John Nelson Darby: Scholarship that Influenced the Bible College Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutherland, Winston Terrance

    2010-01-01

    The study reported in this article focused on the scholastic life of John Nelson Darby and his contributions to the Bible college movement. Darby continues to exert a great influence on Christianity, particularly conservative evangelical Christianity. This research provides a discussion of the forces that conspired to shape the direction of…

  1. The Judaeo-Karaite Reception of the Hebrew Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    and because it has been and still is considered peripheral and sectarian. This volume presents a critical edition of an anonymous Karaite commentary on the Book of Jeremiah presented in both the original Arabic and in English translation. The volume uses this text to examine the commonalities and differences...... between the Rabbinate and the Karaite reception and interpretation of the Hebrew Bible....

  2. Fundamentalism in Psychological Science. The Publication Manual as "Bible."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh-Bowers, Richard

    1999-01-01

    Analyzes the content of the fourth edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" (1994) as if it were a biblical text. Draws on socio-historical studies and critical feminist perspectives to discuss the manual's function as a fundamentalist "bible" in relation to psychologists' culture. (SLD)

  3. Psychological Type Preferences of Female Bible College Students in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, William K.; Francis, Leslie J.

    2008-01-01

    A sample of 122 female students attending a Pentecostal Bible College in England completed Form G (Anglicised) of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). The data demonstrated preferences for extraversion over introversion, for sensing over intuition, for feeling over thinking, and for judging over perceiving. The predominant type was ISFJ (16%),…

  4. Teaching the Bible at public universities in South Africa: A proposal for multidisciplinary approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zorodzai Dube

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available How should the academy teach the Bible? I noted two challenges to this endeavour. Firstly, the Bible has been used as superstructure to justify and to solidify colonialism and apartheid in South Africa which resulted in people to mistrust the way the Western missionaries interpreted the Bible. It also gave birth to the inception of African Independent Churches (AIC and an urgent need to reinterpret the Bible from the experiences of Africans. However, the initial question remains how the academy should teach the Bible. The complexity of this question is that despite the Bible’s association with a colonial legacy, the ordinary people did not stop reading the Bible and to make meaning of their lives from it. This study justifies the place of the Bible in public universities in South Africa and proposes ways the academy should teach the Bible. This study suggests a two-pronged approach to Biblical Studies at public universities. Firstly, the academy should critically engage the ideological presupposition underlying the theories used in the academy. Secondly, the academy must be open to the fact that the Bible is part of popular culture; hence, the academy should critically reflect how the Bible is used in public space. Therefore my hypothesis is that the academy should further focus on critiquing ideological inclinations that underline established truths in addition to focusing on the historical meaning of the Bible and establishing contextual similarities. Teaching the Bible should focus on analysing cultural, political and economic ideological truths that find support from the Bible. I propose that this line of thought is possible through cultural studies and/or interdisciplinary methods.

  5. A Dialogical Approach to Critical Bible Study: The Use of Schwabian Deliberation to Integrate the Work of Bible Scholars with Educational Philosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Alex

    2004-01-01

    This article uses analytic tools provided by Joseph Schwab to address a "practical" problem faced by many liberal religious educational institutions: the tension between historical-critical study of the Bible and an affective connection to it. This problem is painted in broad strokes; then two contemporary Bible scholars, Jeffrey Tigay and Yair…

  6. APLIKASI BIBLE PADA MOBILE PHONE DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN JAVA MICRO EDITION (JAVA ME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Setiawan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Bible is a guidebook for the Christian life, the development of mobile technology allows to create applications Bible on mobile phones. This research aims to develop applications of existing Bible by providing new features. These features include, that can display two types of the same Bible (New International Version and the King James Version, features of note to the bookmark application, clear visibility on the in-verse bookmarks, display, grouping the bookmarks and search results clustering words, the application daily devotional, and maps. Database Bible is a database used Go Bible, and the search string using the Turbo Boyer Moore. Tests on the application made on the Nokia N78, Sony Ericsson W910i, K800 as a sample. From the results of testing, applications have been made to run well on all three mobile phone.

  7. Comparative Study of Chinese Bible Translations from the Perspective of Skopos Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智勇

    2013-01-01

    It is universally acknowledged that the holy Bible has played a significant role in both Christianity and literature field. In China, translating Bible also enjoyed a long history and so far over 30 Chinese Bible translations have been produced. Along with age-old Bible translating practices in China come with varied Chinese Bible versions, due to the fact that different transla⁃tors adopt different translational skopos. Skpos theory, mainly coined by Vermeer, has been quite popular in recent years. This purpose-based translation theory has ignited paradigm shift in translation study from the source text to target text. This paper will be attempting to conduct a comparative study of two most popular modern Chinese Bible versions, CUV (Chinese Union Ver⁃sion) and TCV (Today’s Chinese Version). By comparing two versions of the same extract, this article aims to apply Skopos theo⁃ry into analyzing each translator’s decisions and strategies from domestication and foreignization.

  8. Discourse Study and Analysis on Koran and Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Azam Parcham

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, all Cultivated thinkers and believers in divine religions see the dialogue among religious as necessary task in order to attain the religious and human co-existence and mutual understanding. They believe that such dialogues will bring about a sense of sympathy and a true knowledge of religion. It is clear that core of such dialogues are the revealed Scriptures. Among these Scriptures, the Holy Koran and the Bible, Possessing the greatest number of believers in the world, are the main focus of the inter- religious dialogues. This paper attempts to make a research on the concept of miracle its titles, objectivest, and instances in Koran and Bible, focusing on common beliefs among Moslems, christianst, and jews.

  9. Discourse Study and Analysis on Koran and Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Parcham

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, all Cultivated thinkers and believers in divine religions see the dialogue among religious as necessary task in order to attain the religious and human co-existence and mutual understanding. They believe that such dialogues will bring about a sense of sympathy and a true knowledge of religion. It is clear that core of such dialogues are the revealed Scriptures. Among these Scriptures, the Holy Koran and the Bible, Possessing the greatest number of believers in the world, are the main focus of the inter- religious dialogues.   This paper attempts to make a research on the concept of miracle its titles, objectivest, and instances in Koran and Bible, focusing on common beliefs among Moslems, christianst, and jews.

  10. People of the Covenant and the English Bible

    OpenAIRE

    Tadmor, Naomi

    2012-01-01

    The article shows how the important theological and Anglo-biblical term ‘Covenant’ was formulated in the course of successive biblical translations, from the original Hebrew and Greek to the King Kames Bible. It suggests that the use of the term in English biblical versions reflected – and in turn propelled – the increasingly prominent Covenant theology. Once coined in the vernacular Scriptures, moreover, the term was applied to religious political alliances: from the Scottish Covenants of th...

  11. Higher Education and Happiness: The Perspectives of the Bible and Tao Te Ching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the concepts and principles of happiness shown in the Bible and Tao Te Ching for implications in higher education. To review the paper systematically, three research questions are addressed. First, what are happiness concepts and principles in the Bible? Second, what are happiness concepts and principles in…

  12. Spiritual Assessment of Students at Conservative Wesleyan-Arminian Bible Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Timothy L., Sr.

    2011-01-01

    The current study proposed to determine the level of spiritual transformation in students at conservative Wesleyan-Arminian Bible colleges and the association of spiritual transformation with selected Bible college activities. A quantitative survey was designed, validated, and implemented to measure students' self-reported levels of spiritual…

  13. "Sodom and Gomorrah were Lovers": The Case for Teaching the Bible in Canadian English Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomkins, Muriel W.

    1968-01-01

    The current neglect of the study of the Bible in Canadian high school English programs has deprived students of a rich cultural resource of language and literature. The Bible ought to be considered as an unrivaled collection of all types of literature, whose characters are frequently rooted in historical fact and whose themes have relevance today.…

  14. Using Game Theory and the Bible to Build Critical Thinking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCannon, Bryan C.

    2007-01-01

    The author describes a course designed to build the critical thinking skills of undergraduate economics students. The course introduces and uses game theory to study the Bible. Students gain experience using game theory to formalize events and, by drawing parallels between the Bible and common economic concepts, illustrate the pervasiveness of…

  15. How We Teach Introductory Bible Courses: A Comparative and Historical Sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornell, Collin; LeMon, Joel M.

    2016-01-01

    This study identifies the dominant modes of biblical interpretation being taught in introductory Bible courses through a qualitative analysis of course syllabi from three institutional contexts: evangelical Christian colleges, private colleges, and public universities. Despite a proliferation of methods and scholarly approaches to the Bible, this…

  16. Experience Has Ways of Boiling over: Pursuing a Pragmatic Pedagogy of Bible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levisohn, Jon A.

    2009-01-01

    This article builds on Greenstein's advocacy of a "pragmatic pedagogy of Bible" by pursuing four issues. First, do we select among methodological approaches to Bible according to our desired interpretive outcome but not according to any internal criteria? Is it merely a matter of "choice"? Second, in what sense are interpretive approaches usefully…

  17. Using the Contextual Orientation to Facilitate the Study of Bible with Generation X

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cousens, Beth; Morrison, Jeremy S.; Fendrick, Susan P.

    2008-01-01

    This article investigates the use of the contextual orientation to the Bible--which seeks to understand the Bible as a product of its time, and in the context of historical-critical biblical scholarship--as a deliberate, significant aspect of a teacher's overall approach to reaching Jewish adults in their 20s and 30s. Through classroom observation…

  18. The King James Bible and the Politics of Religious Education: Secular State and Sacred Scripture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gearon, Liam

    2013-01-01

    This article provides an outline historical-educational analysis of the King James Bible from its 1611 publication through to its four-hundredth anniversary commemoration in 2011. With particular focus on England, the article traces the educational impact of the King James Bible and charts, in the country of its origin, its progressive decline in…

  19. The Relationship between Bible Reading and Attitude toward Substance Use among 13-15 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Leslie J.

    2002-01-01

    The relationship between Bible reading and attitude toward drug use is examined among a sample of 25,888 teenagers, 13-15 year olds, throughout England and Wales. Information about sex, age, personality, belief in God, and church attendance was also considered. The conclusion is that Bible reading makes a small but significant contribution to…

  20. 《圣经》习语典故%Some Popular Idioms Derived from the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任笑川

    2003-01-01

    @@ As isknown to all, the influence of the Bible on Western culture is profound and the biblical literature has tremendously enriched the English language. Learning about some well-known idioms derived from the Bible is undoubtedly beneficial to our English study. The popular expressions are as follows.

  1. The influence of the Bible geographic objects peculiarities on the concept of the spatiotemporal geoinformation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linsebarth, A.; Moscicka, A.

    2010-01-01

    The article describes the infl uence of the Bible geographic object peculiarities on the spatiotemporal geoinformation system of the Bible events. In the proposed concept of this system the special attention was concentrated to the Bible geographic objects and interrelations between the names of these objects and their location in the geospace. In the Bible, both in the Old and New Testament, there are hundreds of geographical names, but the selection of these names from the Bible text is not so easy. The same names are applied for the persons and geographic objects. The next problem which arises is the classification of the geographical object, because in several cases the same name is used for the towns, mountains, hills, valleys etc. Also very serious problem is related to the time-changes of the names. The interrelation between the object name and its location is also complicated. The geographic object of this same name is located in various places which should be properly correlated with the Bible text. Above mentioned peculiarities of Bible geographic objects infl uenced the concept of the proposed system which consists of three databases: reference, geographic object, and subject/thematic. The crucial component of this system is proper architecture of the geographic object database. In the paper very detailed description of this database is presented. The interrelation between the databases allows to the Bible readers to connect the Bible text with the geography of the terrain on which the Bible events occurred and additionally to have access to the other geographical and historical information related to the geographic objects.

  2. Sociolinguistic Aspects of the First Translations of the Bible into the Russian Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander G. Kravetsky

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The first translations of the New Testament into the Russian language, which were carried out at the beginning of the 19th century, are usually regarded as a missionary project. But the language of these translations may prove that they were addressed to a rather narrow audience. As is known, the Russian Bible Society established in 1812 began its activities not with translations into Russian but with the mass edition of the Church Slavonic text of the Bible. In other words, it was the Church Slavonic Bible that was initially taken as the “Russian” Bible. Such a perception correlated with the sociolinguistic situation of that period, when, among the literate country and town dwellers, people learned grammar according to practices dating back to Medieval Rus’, which meant learning by heart the Church Slavonic alphabet, the Book of Hours, and the Book of Psalms; these readers were in the majority, and they could understand the Church Slavonic Bible much better than they could a Russian-language version. That is why the main audience for the “Russian” Bible was the educated classes who read the Bible in European languages, not in Russian. The numbers of targeted readers for the Russian-language translation of the Bible were significantly lower than those for the Church Slavonic version. The ideas of the “language innovators” (who favored using Russian as a basis for a new national language thus appeared to be closer to the approach taken by the Bible translators than the ideas of “the upholders of the archaic tradition” (who favored using the vocabulary and forms of Church Slavonic as their basis. The language into which the New Testament was translated moved ahead of the literary standard of that period, and that was one of the reasons why the work on the translation of the Bible into the Russian language was halted.

  3. Microsoft Security Bible A Collection of Practical Security Techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Mullen, Timothy "Thor"

    2011-01-01

    Thor's Microsoft® Security Bible provides a "one-stop-shop" for Microsoft-related security techniques and procedures as applied to the typical deployment of a Microsoft-based infrastructure. The book contains detailed security concepts and methodologies described at every level: Server, Client, Organizational Structure, Platform-specific security options, application specific security (IIS, SQL, Active Directory, etc.) and also includes new, never-before-published security tools complete with source code. Detailed technical information on security processes for all major Microsoft applications

  4. Emotional distress in the Hebrew Bible. Somatic or psychological?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mumford, D B

    1992-01-01

    A systematic search was made in the Hebrew Bible for expressions of emotional distress. A wide range of somatic and psychological vocabulary was found, especially in the Psalms and other poetic literature. Somatic expressions most frequently involved the heart, bowels, belly, bones, and eyes. Head symptoms were rare. Metaphors referring to the heart were common; other somatic expressions appeared to be descriptions of actual physical sensations. Usually somatic and psychological expressions were paired together, utilising the 'parallelism' of Hebrew verse form. Biblical Hebrew thus incorporated a powerful and sophisticated language of emotional expression.

  5. Left and right in the Bible from a neuropsychological perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabbro, F

    1994-03-01

    Although in several neuropsychological works dealing with hemispheric specializations a few passages of the Bible referring to the left and the right have been mentioned now and then, a systematical study with a neuropsychological approach to this topic was still a missing link. By using concordance texts from the Bible books of the Hebrew Canon (Old Testament, OT) and from the New Testament (NT), all the verses containing any reference to the left and the right (OT = 151, NT = 49 verses) have been identified and classified into 10 groups: (1) references to space, (2) symmetric sayings, (3) the right hand is the favorite hand, (4) right eye preference, (5) God's right hand, (6) the right side is more prestigious, (7) the right side in liturgy, (8) left hand preference, (9) fatal left-hand shots, and (10) on the left side. Some statistical considerations have been put forward and a neuropsychological, anthropological approach has been suggested for the purpose of interpreting the most interesting verses. According to the author of the present paper, it would be worthwhile commenting on some texts of ancient and modern literature not only from a linguistic, historical, religious and theological point of view, but also by means of a neuropsychological approach.

  6. Chapter 4: neurology in the Bible and the Talmud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinsod, Moshe

    2010-01-01

    The Bible, a major pillar of Western Civilization consists of Hebrew Scriptures, assembled over a millennium and accepted as of divine origin. The Talmud is a compendium of Jewish laws, covering every possible aspect of life, analyzed in depth from 200 BCE to 600 CE, becoming the foundation of Jewish existence. The all-encompassing character of the books provides numerous medical problems and observations that appear in various connotations. When in need to clarify various legal dilemmas, the Talmudic sages displayed astoundingly accurate anatomical knowledge and were pioneers in clinical-pathological correlations. The descriptions of "neurological" events in the Bible are very precise but show no evidence of neurological knowledge. Those reported in the various tractates of the Talmud are evidence of a substantial medical knowledge, marked by Hellenistic influence. Subjects such as head and spinal injuries, epilepsy, handedness neuralgias aphasia tinnitus and tremor were discussed in depth. This chapter is an updated collection of the studies, extracting observations and discussions of neurological manifestations from the ancient texts.

  7. The Role and Place of Governing Angels in Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyed hesam aldin Hosseini

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Angels have allocated a considerable part of Bible's discussions to themselves and since one of the dogmatic principles of the revealed religions is the belief in angels, depiction of the place and attributes of angels can be the indicator of the quality of attitude and worldview and the strength of dogmatic principles of Bible's followers and justify their thought and ideas; For this subject is related with the issues such as: transcendent unity of divine acts and essence and attributes and even unity in obedience, how to record the actions and investigate them in Purgatory and Resurrection and believe in the unseen world and how to connect to that world and how to manage the world by God and the definition of the Kingdom of Heaven and how to divide people's sustenance and their reward and punishment which is the indicator and representative of the position of each religion as compared to other religions. Like Muslims, the followers of Bible regard the existence of angels as one of the articles of faith and among the most important elements of the world of being. And whereas the Old Testament has described the revelation of One God using figures who appear in the Eastern mythological stories, it can be seen that in many cases the Kingdom of Heaven has been depicted by metaphors which match the similes used in Quran like angel's march before God (Fajr, 22 as if God is one of the kings from East. The angels are mentioned a lot in the Bible. In Hebrews it has been said that the numbers of angels is countless and in fact, they cannot be enumerated. Angels also do many things including: the report of the Birth of John… the most important task which is assigned to the angels is worshipping God. (1 Enoch, 40 The other significant task undertaken by angels is mediating between God and man. Intercession is another role assigned to angels. (1 Enoch, 2: 4, 4:9 Sometimes man asks the angels beseechingly to convey his/her request to Divinity. The angels

  8. Medical implication in the Bible and its relevance to modern medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jun-Fang

    2013-11-01

    The Holy Bible, as the root of Western civilization, has imposed great influence in the fields far beyond religion. In this thesis, the author intended to reveal the medical implication in the Holy Bible and its relevance to the modern medical science by exploring the biblical medical information and comparing it with the current medical theory and practice. The conclusion of the exploration is surprising yet inspiring: the Holy Bible, as an ancient religious book, contains rich medical information around themes such as sexual relations, dietary guidelines, hygiene, etc., which is not at odds, but in harmony with the modern medicine.

  9. Descriptive currents in philosophy of religion for Hebrew Bible studies

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    Jacobus W. Gericke

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article argued that the utilisation of philosophy of religion in the study of the Hebrew Bible is possible if we look beyond the stereotype of erroneously equating the auxiliary field with natural theology, apologetics or atheological criticism. Fruitful possibilities for interdisciplinary research are available in the form of descriptive varieties of philosophy of religion primarily concerned with understanding and the clarification of meaning rather than with the stereotypical tasks of propositional justification or critical evaluation. Three examples are discussed in the article: analytic traditions (Wittgensteinianism and ordinarylanguage philosophy, phenomenological perspectives involving reduction (bracketing and comparative philosophy of religion that works in tandem with the history of religion and comparative religion.

  10. The Hebrew Bible in contemporary philosophy of religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacobus W. Gericke

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Some dialogue among these specialists, especially between biblical scholars and philosophers of religion, is unquestionably long overdue.(Stump 1985:1�Over the last few decades, there has been an increased concern for the establishment of more sustained interdisciplinary dialogue between biblical scholars and philosophers of religion. In this article, aimed at biblical scholars, the author as biblical scholar offers a descriptive and historical overview of some samples of recourse to the Hebrew Bible in philosophical approaches in the study of religion. The aim is to provide a brief glimpse of how some representative philosophers from both the analytic and continental sides of the methodological divide have related to the biblical traditions in the quest for a contemporary relevant Christian philosophy of religion.

  11. Diet, dietetics and flora of the Holy Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhaktha, P K J P; Narayana, Ala; Sharma, Bhuvnesh Kumar; Rao, M Mruthyumjaya

    2006-01-01

    The study of history of medical science from non-medical sources needs no apology. At first the discussion of what was thought in the past rather than what is known now appears to be of merely antiquarian value. The knowledge of Diet, Dietetics, medicinal plants dates back to the remote antiquity of mankind. The Hebrews can be proud of having preserved in the Old Testament many old medical practices and traditions, which throw light on ancient medicine. The Bible is genuinely documented book representing the wisdom, medical knowledge and the culture, of a nomadic race. This article contains information of some medicinal plants, which are useful for treating different kinds of ailments and some with nutritious qualities.

  12. No culture shock? Addressing the Achilles heel of modern Bible translations

    OpenAIRE

    S. J. Joubert

    2001-01-01

    Modem Bible translations are often more sensitive to the needs of their intended readers than to the right of biblical texts to be heard on their own terms as religious artefacts from the ancient Mediterranean world. Since all biblical documents linguistically embody socio-religious meanings derived from ancient Mediterranean societies, they also need to be experienced as different, even alien, by modem readers. Without an initial culture shock in encountering a Bible translation modem people...

  13. Bibles as a possible source of pathogens in hospitals? A pilot observation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Birgit; Witzke, Oliver

    2017-02-01

    It is a century-old tradition of furnishing Bibles in the bedside drawers of hospitalized patients. But since the books cannot be disinfected, it might be possible that bacterial pathogens survive on the bibles. The aim of this study was to determine whether Bibles in patient's rooms can act as a vehicle for the spread of nosocomial infections from one to the next patient. We took samples from 50 Bibles in various general wards of the hospital. During the same period, we took contact samples of 99 hymnals from the hospital chapel. The hospital chapel is visited by patients from all departments of the hospital. As expected, microorganisms were detected on all books. They were mainly apathogenic organisms. Molds (Aspergillus spp.) were identified on the surfaces of five books. Two Bibles showed pathogen bacteria in a low number. No invasive infections with those pathogens could be documented during the investigation period, retrospectively. In conclusion, our results do not support Bibles as a possible source of nosocomial infections.

  14. Mystifying moments in Bible interpretation: An exploration of some implied backgrounds to three kinds of unusual Bible readings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoffel Lombaard

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This contribution is part of a series on Methodology and Biblical Spirituality. In this, the fourth contribution, the scope is widened; more practical-analytically oriented, three thoroughly different but nevertheless all unusual kinds of interpretations of the Bible are described, characterised and contextualised. Namely:• In order to explain what are perceived as textual anomalies, some Old Testament authors have been described by US-based medical practitioners as having suffered psychiatric dysfunctions.• The Garden of Eden from Genesis 2 and further has been located by a recently diseased Nigerian scholar as having been in her home country, with a Nigerian race having been the predecessors of biblical Adam and Eve.• Rastafarians, primarily Jamaica-based, regard marijuana as a holy herb and find direct support for their religious use of this plant in the Bible.However strange such ‘mystifying’ interpretations may seem within the theological mainstreams of Judeo-Christianity, there is more to these kinds of interpretations than simple whim. Certain cultural conditions along with personal, particularly spiritual, commitments enable these interpretations, which must be taken seriously in order to come to a fuller understanding of the text–interpreter dynamic. These then can cast at least some form of reflective light on the more usual current biblical-interpretative mainstreams within Judeo-Christianity, posing in a new light the question of what constitutes legitimate interpretations, also within mainstream interpretations, as religiously inclined people try to live their lives in the light of Scripture.

  15. With the Bible toward the year 2000: scriptural engagement as barometer, beacon and bellwether

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. Elliott

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available Through the centuries, engagement with the Bible has served as a barometer (recording and reflec­ting the history of shifting circumstances, as a beacon (constituting a source of light illuminating theological reflection and guiding human conduct and as a bellwether (leading the way in setting new agendas for the Church, her theology and her encounter with the world. Against this back­ ground, the history of biblical engagement through the centuries is briefly traced. The main focus of the article is, however, to reflect on the role of the Bible in the next millenium. The author foresees an even stronger ecumenical engagement, an enhanced focus on a critical faith and a self-critical rationality, a stronger rejection of absolutist claims, renewed respect for the diversity of voices in the biblical canon, the emergence of biblical study to an attentive dialogue partner within other fields of human knowledge and a renewed search for wisdom in the Bible in future in order to face the problems which will confront humankind. Against the background of these developments the study of the Bible will, in the third millenium, become even more an interconfessional, international, interdisciplinary and intersocial enterprise, sustained by the conviction that the Bible is a holy and privileged word, both about human existence and humanity’s relation to God, society, history, and the cosmos.

  16. Interpreting the Bible in the 'new' South Africa: Remarks on some problems and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J. Human

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Interpreting the Bible in the 'new' South Africa DJ Human Department of Biblical Studies (Sec B University of Pretoria The Bible plays an important role in South African society. The interpretation of this book within or outside the Christian community has become an increaslingly major source of debate. It has been used and misused in several spheres of society. This article does not intend providing an extensive and composite picture of the problems and character of biblical hermeneutics. Nor will it attempt to elaborate on or explain the origins, development and influences of all the different her-meneutical approaches. Rather, it poses to be an introduction to a few of the problem(s encountered in the attempt to understand the Bible, especially in terms of the 'new' South Africa. Within the framework of this scope, remarks will be made regarding the challenges involved in interpreting the Bible, the role of the interpreter in the interpretation process, the varied forms of literature to be found in Scripture, and in the last instance, to take cognisance of a few methodological approaches to the text analysis of the Bible.

  17. Perfect Prophets, Helpful Hippos, and Happy Endings: Noah and Jonah in Children's Bible Storybooks in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Russell W.

    2007-01-01

    This article is based on a study of hundreds of children's bible storybooks available in the United States from 1850 to the present and focuses on the way the biblical stories of Noah and Jonah have been retold for children. These children's bible storybooks lend insight into the American church's changing assumptions about the purpose of the…

  18. Response to the Suite of Articles on Teaching the Bible from the "Journal of Jewish Education" 74:1 (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtz, Barry W.

    2008-01-01

    This article responds to three articles in the most recent issue of "The Journal of Jewish Education" (74:1) in which a variety of researchers examined Bible teaching that employed an approach to Bible pedagogy that had been characterized by the present author as "the Contextual orientation" in his previously published book, "Textual Knowledge:…

  19. Measuring Self-Perceived Change of Adult Bible Teachers as They Incorporate the Three Learning Domains into Their Teaching Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkes, Waid Timothy, Sr.

    2009-01-01

    In this mixed methodology study, the researcher became the research practitioner through Educational Action Research. His personal practice of training adult Bible teachers was examined by measuring the self-perceived changes of a group of adult Bible teachers as they were trained to change from their traditional mode of primarily teaching the…

  20. The Relationship between Bible Literacy and Behavioral and Academic Outcomes in Urban Areas: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeynes, William

    2010-01-01

    A meta-analysis is undertaken, including 11 studies, to determine whether there is a relationship between Bible knowledge on one hand and academic and behavioral outcomes on the other among those living in urban areas. The results indicate that increased Bible knowledge is associated with higher levels of student academic achievement and positive…

  1. Two moments in the recent history of biblical reading: the Bible as literature from Erich Auerbach and Robert Alter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson de Oliveira Lima

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the understanding of what is read the Bible as literature. We present two moments in the recent history of Bible reading that seem crucial to the definition of this form of reading. The two moments were the publications of two important works that approached the biblical texts from a literary perspective, differing from traditional approaches, religious and exegetical, and influencing the next generations. The first of these two works was Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature by Erich Auerbach, originally published in 1946, the other was The Art of Biblical Narrative by Robert Alter, original 1981. We examine some of the main contributions of these two authors for the Bible studies and try to demonstrate that there is a thematic dependence between their works, then list the main assumptions of this way of reading the Bible today, and defend the hypothesis that religious mediation still dividing the Bible studies.

  2. Using the Bible in post-apartheid South Africa: Its influence and impact amidst the gay debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Punt

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The Bible has generated a significant reception history in the first decade of democratic, post-apartheid South Africa. Its reception history testifies to how the Bible was considered to be important across a broad spectrum of society, also contributing to believers’ lives and sense of self amidst the enormous changes in the country. Recent documents and decisions of the Dutch Reformed Church on homosexuality and the ensuing debates, highlight the influence and impact of Bible use in South Africa today. Examining different hermeneutical approaches to the Bible and using insights from reception theory, a number of interesting trends in the ongoing use and influence of the Bible are highlighted and discussed.

  3. The Bible as a Source for Political Thought in Sermons in New Granada, 1808-1821

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Arce Escobar

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In the era of New Granada’s fight for independence, the clergy participated in the struggle through means of their words. In their sermons they expressed their political opinions in favor of or against the new order. In order to validate their statements, they turned principally to the Bible as a source for argumentation and for truth. This article analyzes the Holy Scriptures as an ecclesiastical resource that served to legitimize or desacralize the regime change. In order to do this, the authors study the biblical references that appear in the sermons of New Granada and attempt to approach the thematic context of the Bible.

  4. [Divine etiology in the Hebrew Bible: points of contact with Greek literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byl, S

    1998-11-01

    Simon Byl has explored all the passages in the Hebraic Bible where God is considered sometimes the cause of disease, sometimes the means of healing. He reveals a great number of points of view common to the Biblical literature and to the Ancient Greek literature, with regard to divine aetiology.

  5. History of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)--Current Academic Understandings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrahamson, Brant; Smith, Fred

    The lessons in the teacher's guide about the Bible's Old Testament are based on historic and scientific scholarship and, to avoid a sectarian point of view, focus on the factual data generated by academic research. The lessons are based on what is known about the nature of oral tradition, recent archaeological findings, and the academic biblical…

  6. Learning to Read the Bible with Desire: Teaching the Eros of Exegesis in the Theological Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaage, Leif E.

    2007-01-01

    The article begins with two brief theoretical descriptions of a pedagogy of desire vis-a-vis the Christian Bible. The first of these is a poem; the second summarizes the conversation constituted by four quite different books: the "Confessions" by Augustine of Hippo, "Freud & Philosophy" by Paul Ricoeur, "Pedagogy of the Oppressed" by Paulo Freire,…

  7. Theology of Arnold of Villanova: between Bible and politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogusław Kochaniewicz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Biblical interpretation of Arnold of Villanova manifests us not only a specific and particular current of exegesis within 14th century. He emphasised the idea of eschaton fullfilled, manifested through the history more and more clear and perfect. His exegesis, based on Joachim de Fiore’s work presented the Bible as an instrument of the historical knowledge. The Bible, interpreted in allegorical perspective, manifested the meaning of the events pasted and presents and future. In order that Bible could be always actual, it required miracles and apparitions, which would support and manifest extraordinary divine interventions within the history of the world. In Arnold’s opinion, the Bible, without miracles and mistical experiences, could lost its own meaning. Arnold of Villanova, being inspired by the Franciscan spiritual movement, strived to evidence the ideas of the nearness of the end of the world. Even if he was not an eminent theologian, he impressed and inspired his epoch. Therefore his name is mentioned by the manuals of the history of theology.

  8. The Bible and Walt Whitman's Poems——From the Perspective of Diction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珺

    2009-01-01

    @@ The Bible, which is the Hebrew Scriptures, is viewed as a library of different literary types rather than a single book. In this library in the Old Testament there are classics like the Psalms, the Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, Isaiah, and Jeremiah. As the classics from the ancient times, they have formulated a new form of poem, which is the Biblical free verse.

  9. Bible Depicted in 2,000-year-old Han Dynasty Stone Carvings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Wang Weifan is a member of the standing committee of the China Christian Council, and a Christian theology education professor. He recently discovered that several Eastern Han Dynasty museum exhibits in the Jiangsu Xuzhou Han Dynasty Stone Carving Museum include depictions of the bible and of early

  10. Is Bible Translation "Imperialist"? Challenging Another Anti-Christian Bias in the Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adrian, William

    2007-01-01

    A strong anti-Christian bias exists in the modern American university. It has been documented by George Marsden in his 1994 book, "The Soul of the American University," and by a growing number of other scholars. The modern university response to the history of Bible translation movements provides another example of the anti-Christian…

  11. Incorporating a Bible Study Course into the High School Curriculum. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muir, Mike

    2005-01-01

    Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish parochial schools have always had religious studies as part of their curriculum, but there has been the question about whether public schools can also. "In 1962 two U.S. Supreme Court cases (Abington School District vs. Schempp and Engle vs. Vitale) prohibited the practice of Bible reading in public schools.…

  12. English for Bible and Theology: Understanding and Communicating Theology across Cultural and Linguistic Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierson, Cheri; Bankston, Will

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces English for Bible and Theology (EBT), an inherently interdisciplinary field that merges English language learning with the content of biblical and theological studies in a context that is, by nature, cross-cultural. Within this collaboration there exists the possibility not only to enable theological study, but also to…

  13. Roots of neuroanatomy, neurology, and neurosurgery as found in the Bible and Talmud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas, Marios; Shoja, Mohammadali M; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A; Wellons, John C; Oakes, W Jerry

    2008-07-01

    Historical observations and interpretations regarding the treatment of components of the nervous system can be found in the writings of the Bible and Talmud. A review of topics germane to modern neuroanatomy, neurology, and neurosurgery from these early, rich writings is presented herein. These historic writings provide a glimpse into the early understanding, description, and treatment of pathologies of the nervous system.

  14. Should the Bible Be Taught as a Literary Classic in Public Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malikow, Max

    2010-01-01

    The research question "Should the Bible be taught as a literary classic in public education?" was pursued by a survey of nineteen scholars from three disciplines: education, literature, and law. The collected data served to guide the researcher in the writing of an analytical essay responding to the research question. The research…

  15. The Silk Road, Marco Polo, a Bible and its proteome: a detective story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toniolo, Lucia; D'Amato, Alfonsina; Saccenti, Riccardo; Gulotta, Davide; Righetti, Pier Giorgio

    2012-06-18

    Around the end of XIII century (at the time of young Marco Polo's first trip to China at the court of Khubilai Khan in Khan Baliq) a pocket Bible was delivered by a Franciscan friar to the Mogul Emperor, in the framework of the evangelization program of the Far East. Four centuries later, in 1685, this Bible was rediscovered by the Jesuit Philippe Couplet in the house of a rich Chinese in Nanchin and donated to Cosimo III, Grand Duke of Tuscany. This Bible was recently "unearthed" in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence, wrapped up in a precious yellow silk cloth, in a rather ruined state. After two years of restoration, the Bible will return to China in 2012 for a celebration of its >700years of life and of its remarkable return trip on the Silk Road. On account of the thinness of the parchment (barely 80μm thickness, the size of each foil being 16.5×11cm) it was widely held that the pages were produced from foetal lambskins. On tiny fragments of the margins of a foil, after several unsuccessful attempts at digesting the vellum, we were able to obtain a tryptic peptide mixture, which, upon mass spectrometry analysis, yielded the identity of 8 unique proteins, belonging to the genus Bos taurus, thus confirming the origin of the vellum from calfskins rather than from foetal lambskins. Our results prove that it is possible to obtain reliable protein extraction and IDs from ancient parchment documents.

  16. Mimesis in Bible Didactics – an outline in the context of religious education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjam Zimmermann

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ‘Mimesis’ is a concept explored in Antiquity as well as in cultural history. It also plays an important role in the Bible. In this article we argue for ‘mimesis’ as a role model for Bible teaching in religious education. In the first part we give some insights into the concept of mimesis, drawing on ancient philosophers (Aristotle, Plato. ‘Mimesis’ does not denote a copy of a prescribed object; instead, the type of depiction and reference brings it into the present in an intensive, creative and productive way. In the second part we want to give some examples for how ‘mimesis’ is used in the Bible itself. Biblical tradition can be described as a ‘mimetic process’. Furthermore, authors like Paul explicitly use the concept of ‘mimesis’, for example in his ethical admonition. Thus, the use of ‘mimesis’ in the Bible inspires directly our teaching on biblical genres, motifs and ways of thinking. The third part gives a draft of how the ‘mimetic didactic’ works, drawing on parables, Gospel writing, Johannine theology and coping with painful fate like Job. Mimetic hermeneutics transforms tradition in applying it into the contemporary situation. This can prove stimulating for contemporary contexts: mimesis is closely connected to tradition, but simultaneously encourages its transmission into the present day with astonishing variability and freedom.

  17. Gender, Age, Attendance at a Place of Worship and Young People's Attitudes towards the Bible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freathy, R. J. K.

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the outcomes of a questionnaire survey which sought to ascertain the attitudes of young people towards the Bible. One thousand and sixty-six pupils from Years 6, 9 and 12 in nine English schools participated. The young people's attitudes are discussed in relation to gender, age and attendance at a place of worship. The…

  18. 《基督城》与圣经原型意象%Christianopolis and the Bible Prototype Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛丹

    2012-01-01

    Christianopolis is a utopian novel, books filled with strong Christian atmosphere, properly shows the bible idealism. The bible Eden image, the shepherd image in Christianopolis can be seen everywhere, this paper employs the fletcher archetypal criticism theory to interpret the bible image to Christianopolis creation influence.%《基督城》是一部乌托邦小说,书中弥漫着浓厚的基督教氛围,很好地体现了圣经的理想主义。圣经的伊甸园意象、牧羊人意象在《基督城》中都有所体现。

  19. Unsettling Theology: Sunday school children reading the text of the Bible in the age of recolonisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nico Botha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available During Women’s month in South Africa (August, a group of Sunday school children from the rural congregation of the Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa (URCSA, Middelburg- Nasaret, got together to read the narratives of the resurrection of the daughter of Jairus and the healing of the woman suffering from a blood disease. The exercise which appears to be quite innocent is in a sense subversive in its hidden script. In the Reformed tradition, the pulpit as a centre of reading and preaching the Word has become the ‘holy of holiest’ which nobody, leave alone children, except the ordained minister could occupy. This is of course contrary to the intention of the Reformation to return the Bible to the people and have the people return to the Bible. The reading exercise of this article goes beyond all exegetical and theological presuppositions, unsettling conventional interpretations of Scripture. The children allow their real life experiences in the township of having witnessed, among others, child and women abuse to inform their reading of Mark 5:21–43. In the process they avoid a linear reading of the Bible which is based on the explication-application scheme of matters. Put differently, instead of doing a deductive reading of the portion, i.e. trying to explain or exegete the text clinically and then applying it to their context, they read it inductively, resulting in a hope sharing and hope giving understanding of the rising from the dead of the 12-year-old girl and the healing of the woman with a blood disease. A major spin-off of such reading of the Bible by children is the unlocking of refreshingly new avenues of reading the Bible and interpreting the text.

  20. Pedagogy of social transformation in the Hebrew Bible: Allowing Scripture to inform our interpretive strategy for contemporary application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Moloney

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Hebrew Bible itself teaches its readers and listeners how to learn. Its pedagogy of social transformation instructs contemporary Christians how to interpret and apply lessons from Scripture in a manner that is consistent with the orientation, priorities and methods inherent in the text. This article demonstrates that relationship and identity are the necessary precursors to biblical education. It then considers the educational perspective for social transformation within the Hebrew Bible. The analysis explores the purpose and process of education for social transformation and the pastorally oriented pedagogy that the Bible utilises to advance moral development and prevent hermeneutic bias. Lastly, the article considers how the narrative, Law, prophets and wisdom texts in the Hebrew Bible train in social critique. This article helps Christians to develop a biblically based hermeneutic of the Hebrew Scripture’s social transformation for application today.

  1. Two moments in the recent history of biblical reading: the Bible as literature from Erich Auerbach and Robert Alter

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson de Oliveira Lima

    2015-01-01

    This article is dedicated to the understanding of what is read the Bible as literature. We present two moments in the recent history of Bible reading that seem crucial to the definition of this form of reading. The two moments were the publications of two important works that approached the biblical texts from a literary perspective, differing from traditional approaches, religious and exegetical, and influencing the next generations. The first of these two works was Mimesis: The Representati...

  2. Masorah of the Hebrew Bible – introduction into the problem

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    Marcin Majewski

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Masorah (oral and written tradition of transmitting the Bible text is an important library of information about Sacred Scripture on the stage of its formation. It provides informations without which it is difficult and sometimes impossible to read or interpret correctly the biblical text. One of the barriers involved studying the Masorah of the Hebrew Bible is the lack od introductory literature on the subject, especially on the field of polish language. Here we can not find any comprehensive and useful study for the Masorah, including exercises and examples how to read and take advantage of Masorah. Since the system of Masoretic notes is very carefully printed in Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia, and even more in Biblia Hebraica Quinta, we require such a study of masoretic notes’ system in Polish biblical studies. This article is an announcement of such an elaboration.

  3. The Horns of Moses. Setting the Bible in its Historical Context

    OpenAIRE

    Römer, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Mr. Administrator,Honourable Rector of the University of Lausanne, Dear Colleagues, dear Friends, Ladies and Gentlemen, Any self-respecting scholar of the Bible has to examine the question of literary genres, which is one of the methodological tools of biblical research. Therefore, to prepare this lecture that I am giving here this evening with much emotion, I read and studied a significant number of inaugural lectures delivered in this illustrious institution. I then understood that there is...

  4. The first outline of Calvin’s theology – the preface to the New Testament in the Olivétan Bible of 1535

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    The prefaces which Calvin wrote for the Bible translation of Olivétan (1535) conform to the general custom during the Reformation to translate the Bible into the vernacular and to publish these translations simultaneously with interpretation aids. In the preface published in the Olivétan Bible and preceding the New Testament translation, Calvin wants to indicate to the reader (in this case the heathen) the correct way to approach the Bible. Although no captions or headings are included, the p...

  5. The Old Testament or Hebrew Bible in Africa: Challenges and prospects for interpretation and translation

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    Aloo O. Mojola

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The Old Testament or Hebrew Bible is much loved in Africa. It is however encountered almost exclusively in translation, either through translation into local indigenous languages or translation into foreign, non-local languages. The source language Hebrew text is inaccessible to the vast majority of readers, including Christian pastors or theological students who would naturally be expected to have access by virtue of their profession. Knowledge of the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible is thus mediated through existing translations and interpretations, and through the popular or scholarly writings of Old Testament or Hebrew Bible experts. In many parts of Africa the latter are in very short supply. This article is an attempt to engage and critically reflect further on some of the issues arising out of this situation with specific reference to the work of Knut Holter, as well as others. This situation and the challenges posed for a full and unencumbered encounter with the Hebrew scriptures and prospects for the future is explored.Intradisciplinary and/or�interdisciplinary�implications: It is expected that the translation of the Hebrew scriptures involves interaction with local cultures and belief systems opening space for new interpretations from the perspectives of local world views and practices. The challenges for local Christian theologies and Christian doctrine in general arising from this are unavoidable.

  6. The Gutenberg Bibles: analysis of the illuminations and inks using Raman spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaplin, Tracey D; Clark, Robin J H; Jacobs, David; Jensen, Kristian; Smith, Gregory D

    2005-06-01

    The King George III copy of the Gutenberg Bible, held at the British Library, has been analyzed using Raman spectroscopy to determine the palette of pigments used in the illuminations on this work. The palette is found to comprise cinnabar/vermilion, lead tin yellow (type 1), carbon-based black, azurite, malachite, an organo-copper complex (a "verdigris"), calcium carbonate (chalk), gypsum, gold leaf, and basic lead carbonate ("lead white"). This is in agreement with contemporary descriptions of the pigments used for the illuminations. One pigment could not be identified, specifically the organic dark red/purple color used for the foliage. The palette of this copy of the Gutenberg Bible has been compared with those used for six other copies, held at Eton College and Lambeth Palace, England, the Bibliothèque Mazarine and the Bibliothèque nationale de France, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin and the Niedersachsische Staats- und Universitatsbibliothek (SUB) Göttingen, Germany. The palettes are shown to be similar to one another, even though the styles of the primary illuminations differ. The two Gutenberg Bibles held in Germany, printed on vellum, have the more expensive palettes, which include lazurite. The SUB Göttingen copy has the most extensive palette with 16 pigment-related materials having been identified.

  7. Baruch Spinoza and the naturalisation of the Bible: An epistemological investigation

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    Nicolaas J. Gronum

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the naturalisation of the Bible. Three voices are of special importance in the narrative presented in this article; they are Aristotle (384–322 BC, Rene Descartes (1596–1650 and Baruc Spinoza (1632–1677. This article will investigate the scientific method and metaphysics espoused by each of the three scholars, thereby highlighting changes in scientific method and metaphysics that lead to the naturalisation of the Bible. Firstly, Aristotle pioneered a scientific method (his logic that would dominate for centuries, as well as a highly influential metaphysics. Secondly, Descartes, witnessing the horrors of the Thirty Years War and seeing first-hand the new discoveries that brought about the scientific revolution, reacted against Aristotle’s metaphysics. Ironically he then used Aristotle’s scientific method to provide a foundation for the new science resulting in Descartes’s famous dualism. Thirdly, Spinoza, equally horrified by the amount of religious violence of his time, reacts against Descartes’s dualism, providing scholars with a monist metaphysics that would contribute greatly to the naturalisation of the Bible. This article will be relevant to theologians who wish to engage more fully with contemporary Western culture.

  8. LES « BIBLISMES », UN SYSTÈME DE DÉFINITION ORIGINAL DU LEXIQUE DANS LE DISCOURS PÉDAGOGIQUE DE LA BIBLE HISTORIALE

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador, Xavier-Laurent

    2003-01-01

    International audience; The present article aims at showing the complexity of the polyphonic discourse of the Bible Historiale translated in old french by Guyart des Moulins.; Le présent article met en valeur la polyphonie argumentative qui caractérise le discours de la Bible Historiale traduite en ancien français du latin par Guyart des Moulins.

  9. BOOK REVIEW: WALID A. SALEH: IN DEFENSE OF THE BIBLE. A CRITICAL EDITION AND AN INTRODUCTION TO AL-BIQĀ‘ĪS BIBLE TREATISE

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    Amidu Olalekan Sanni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a general perception in Western and indeed in mainstream Islamic circles that Muslims hardly exhibit any positive attitude towards the Bible and that their view of it is one of measured opprobrium that verges on outright rejection. The Mamluk savant, Ibrāhim b. „Umar b. Hasan al-Biqā„ī (809-885AH/1406-1480CE wrote Al-aqwāl al-qawwāmah fī hukm al-naql min al-kutub al-qadīma (The Straightforward Statements concerning Quoting from Ancient Scriptures, henceforth Aqwāl, in order to confirm authoritatively the permissibility to the Muslims of using Biblical materials for religious and epistemic reasons. It is a critical edition of this work as introduced by Walid A. Saleh that is being reviewed here

  10. Re-manifestation of the Culture in the Bible——Domestication and Foreignization in Bible Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘隽

    2008-01-01

    Translation is not only to transfer from one language to another;it is also a carrier between different cultures.The translators are responsible for transferring the cuhural information of the source text for the target readers. The cuhural feature can be frequently traced in the Bible.Both domesticating method and foreignizing method have been applied in Bible translation.This paper explores the adequacy of domesticating method and foreignizing method in the re-manifestation of the culture in the Bible.It will be discussed from two aspects,namely,re-manifestation of the culture in words and re-manifestation of the culture in the naming of people and places.

  11. Locating ‘Contextual Bible Study’ within biblical liberation hermeneutics and intercultural biblical hermeneutics

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    Gerald O. West

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the occasion of the 70th anniversary of HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies to reflect on a particular form of liberation hermeneutics that emerged in the 1980s in South Africa. ‘Contextual Bible Study’ is briefly defined, but its precise contours are explored by locating this form of liberation hermeneutics within liberation hermeneutics more generally and then intercultural biblical hermeneutics more specifically. The article sets up a dialogue amongst these practices, examining both their family resemblances and their distinctive features.

  12. The concept of wisdom in the Hebrew Bible � A comparative-philosophical analysis

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    Jacobus W. Gericke

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a brief comparative philosophical clarification of the concept of wisdom in the Hebrew Bible. Utilising the format of a presentation presented by Ryan (2008, four philosophical definitions of wisdom were compared with similar sentiments in ancient Israelite religion: (1 wisdom as epistemic humility, (2 wisdom as factual knowledge, (3 wisdom as useful knowledge, and (4 wisdom as successful living. Cumulatively the four criteria might approximate a functional list of individually necessary and jointly sufficient conditions for instantiating the property of being wise.

  13. Dialogue between Bakhtin and the Bible%巴赫金与圣经对话

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯春林

    2014-01-01

    “一与多”的关系是理解巴赫金与圣经对话的关键。巴赫金对话哲学强调存在意义上的多元性,然而他对“多”的强调导致将其哲学观点移植到文艺学观点时发生错位,具体体现在其复调理论中作者与主人公的关系上以及其狂欢理论缺乏史料支持的尴尬。圣经的宏观思想与微观文本皆具有鲜明对话性。然而其先天的信仰胎记导致它强调“一”而忽视“多”,具体表现为上帝在基督教传统中的主导地位以及上帝形象在圣经文本中的绝对主人公地位。巴赫金对话理论与圣经中的对话思想并非乌托邦式幻想,而是出于对普世的深沉关注而生发的可贵理想。%The relationship between“one”and“many”is the key to understanding the dialogue between Bakhtin and the Bible.Bakhtin dialogue philosophy emphasizes the diversity of meanings,however he“more”that lead to their philosophy i-deas to Literature and art view dislocation occurs,embodied in the polyphonic theory of relationship between the author and protagonist and the lack of historical data to support the embarrassment of Carnival theory.The macro theory and micro text of the Bible are distinct dialogue.However the congenital birthmark caused it to emphasize the“belief”and ignore the“man-y”,manifested as God the dominant position in the Christian tradition and the God in the Bible of the absolute protagonist status.The concept of dialogue is not utopian fantasy of Bakhtin’s dialogue theory and in the Bible,is ideal but out of deep concern for universal and the reality.

  14. The Creation of Man in the Bible and the Holy Quran

    OpenAIRE

    Haleema Sadia; Syed Naeem Badshah; Karim dad; Janas Khan; Nasrullah .; Saqib Shahzad

    2012-01-01

    Jewish, Christian, and Islamic scriptures, confirms Adam as the first man created by God in Heaven. His ingredients were clay and water. To lessen his loneliness Eve was created from the rib of Adam. Adam and Eve were living in Paradise happily. The Satan became their enemy. He deceived them. They were sent to earth. All human races descended from them. The article, “The creation of Man in the Bible and the Quran” focuses on the similarities and differences during the stage to stage developme...

  15. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2014-01-01

    The perfect reference for all AutoCAD users AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 Bible is the book you want to have close at hand to answer those day-to-day questions about this industry-leading software. Author and Autodesk University instructor Ellen Finkelstein guides readers through AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 with clear, easy-to-understand instruction and hands-on tutorials that allow even total beginners to create a design on their very first day. Although simple and fundamental enough to be used by those new to CAD, the book is so comprehensive that even Autodesk power u

  16. Milstein Rachel, La Bible dans l’art islamique, Paris, PUF, 2005, 155 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Gonzalez

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Inépuisable et fascinant sujet d’étude, l’art du livre dans les pays musulmans ne laisse pas de susciter de nouvelles approches, méthodes d’analyse et procédures de classification. L’un des aspects scientifiques essentiels de ce domaine reste évidement l’iconologie, laquelle constitue le cadre de travail de Rachel Milstein dans son dernier ouvrage, La Bible dans l’art islamique. L’auteure y expose l’ensemble des manuscrits enluminés islamiques depuis les débuts jusqu’à nos jours sous un de se...

  17. The history of Poland as reflected in written versions of the Bible

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    Rajmund Pietkiewicz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the connection between selected Polish biblical translations and the national and personal history of Polish people (14th–18th century. The history of Florian Psalter (14th/15th century and that of Queen Sophia’s Bible (15th century are related to the beginning of the Jagiellonian dynasty. The first printed biblical text in Polish (Prologue to the Gospel according to St. John, 1518/1519 and editions of the New Testament translated by Stanisław Murzynowski (1551–1553 testify to the development of Polish orthography. Both, the woodcuts of the Leopolita’s Bible (1561, 1575/1577 and the notes to the commentary on the Acts of the Apostles by Tomas Falconius (1566 give an account of the tumultuous history of Polish Reformation. The dedication in the second edition of Leopolita’s Bible (1975 and its alteration in 1577 attest to the failure of the first free royal election in Poland. The manuscript notes in Wrocław copy of Simon Budny’s Bible (1572 constitute an eyewitness account of the collapse of Poland at the end of 18th century. Whereas, the manuscript notes in the translation of Psalter by W. Wróbel constitute a chronicle of the Wilieziński family. Therefore, while talking about the history of Polish biblical translations one can talk about the history of Poland as a country, at the same time.

  18. Mereological concepts for modelling parthood relations between אלהים and natural phenomena in the Hebrew Bible

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    Jacobus W. Gericke

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the Hebrew Bible, some texts represent what we would call �natural� phenomena as being in some way related to entities classed to be אלהים in some sense of the Hebrew term; that is, God, gods, divine, deity, etc. Although various perspectives on these relations already exist in the available research on the topic, no philosophical approach to the data has of yet been conceived. In order to facilitate the latter, this study brackets the question as to what the relations between אלהים and natural phenomena in any given biblical context actually were. Yet its contribution lies in the way it aims to offer an introductory overview of some of the potentially relevant core concepts in mereology (parthood theory in metaphysics that may be of aid in any future attempt at modelling such relations, however they were conceived.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article challenges the tradition of non-philosophical discourse in Old Testament theology, particularly with reference to the relational properties of Yhwh vis-a-vis natural phenomena. Its meta-theoretical application of concepts in formal descriptive mereological analysis represents an interdisciplinary supplementation of current ways of modelling God/World in the text.Keywords: Hebrew Bible; natural phenomena; philosophy; mereology; parthood; relations

  19. The Fluid Mechanics of the Bible: Miracles Explainable by Christian Science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Amy

    2015-11-01

    The Bible is full of accounts clearly in violation of our scientific understanding of fluid mechanics. Examples include the floating axe head, Jesus walking on the water and immediately calming a storm. ``Jesus of Nazareth was the most scientific man that ever trod the globe. He plunged beneath the material surface of things, and found the spiritual cause,'' wrote Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910), the founder of a now well-established religion known as Christian Science, in her seminal work Science & Health with Key to the Scriptures. She asserted that Jesus' miracles were in accord with the, ``Science of God's unchangeable law.'' She also proclaimed that matter is a derivative of consciousness. Independently with the discovery of quantum mechanics, physicists such as Max Planck and Sir James Jeans began to make similar statements (``The Mental Universe'', Nature, 2005). More recently, Max Tegmark (MIT) theorized that consciousness is a state of matter (New Scientist, April 2014). Using a paradigm shift from matter to consciousness as the primary substance, one can scientifically explain how a mental activity (i.e. prayer) could influence the physical. Since this conference is next door to the original church of Christian Science (Const. 1894), this talk will discuss various fluid-mechanic miracles in the Bible and provide an explanation based on divine metaphysics while providing an overview of scientific Christianity and its unifying influence to the fields of science, theology and medicine.

  20. 从诗篇看圣经和合本和圣经新译本的比较%Comparison of"the Bible"NIV and the new version of the Bible from the Psalms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭女环

    2013-01-01

    As a classic of Christianity and Western culture,"Bible"has very important influence on the formation of western culture, after one thousand years of the history of the development of Christian canon formation, Bible translation (Chinese translation) also produces important influence on Chinese culture, there are many Chinese Bible versions, among them,"the Bible"NIV occupies an important and unique position in all the Bible versions, is also the most widely used in the modern version, experts make the Chinese translation of the Bible in a lot of effort, in which, the new version of the Bible is a very good job, this article through the comparison of the Psalms, to analyze through the translation principles of"faithfulness, expressiveness and elegancy".%作为基督教和西方文化经典,《圣经》不仅对西方文化的形成有着非常重要的影响,在基督教正典圣经形成后的一千多年的历史发展中,圣经的翻译(汉译)对中国文化也产生了重要的影响,中文圣经出现过很多版本,其中,和合本圣经在所有的圣经翻本中占据了重要并且独特的地位,也是当今中国教堂信徒所使用最广泛的版本,在现代有专家用了很多心血重新把圣经汉译,其中,圣经新译本就是一次很好的工作,本文通过对诗篇进行分析比较,通过“信、达、雅”的翻译原则等做分析。

  1. The legacy of Circle women�s engagement with the Bible: Reflections from an African male biblical scholar

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    Lovemore Togarasei

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The entry of women into religious and theological studies has revolutionised the modus operandi of these disciplines. Especially with the formation of the Circle of Concerned Women Theologians, the study of these disciplines has never been the same. In this article, an attempt is made to consider the legacy of women theologians in the area of biblical interpretation. Specifically, the article looks at how members of the Circle have interpreted the Bible in their quest for a theology that responds to African women�s experiences. The article discusses Circle biblical scholars� methods of interpreting the Bible, what they have managed to achieve, as well as pointing out areas that still call for attention. It concludes that Circle biblical scholars, like all African Biblical Interpretation, are engaged scholars who serve both the need for intellectual growth as well as solving the pressing needs of their societies.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article primarily focuses on how members of the Circle of Concerned Women Theologians have interpreted the Bible in their quest for justice. It therefore engages several disciplines: biblical interpretation, theology, gender, politics, health, and so on.Keywords: African Biblical interpretation; Women theologians; Bible; legacy;engaged Biblical Scholarship

  2. Telling women to be like men? Some theoretical aspects regarding the interpretation of the Bible on gender issues

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    G. Snyman

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available The RCSA is in desperate need of a new way of approaching the Bible. The hermeneutical principles that gave birth to a theological legitimation of apartheid are still active in the theological legitimation of a patriarchal order in the RCSA (Gereformeerde Kerke in Suid-Afrika. It is as if the RCSA suffers from a theological schizophrenia which bars a critical approach from taking root. The article explores some hermeneutical impediments within the RCSA, illustrated by the 2000 Synod and a declaration published for the advent of Reformation Day in October 2000. Those impediments can be traced back to a seminal article of the 1980s, written by J.C. Coetzee, B.J. de Klerk and L. Floor (“Die hermeneuse van die Skrif met die oog op hedendaagse kerklik-etiese vraagstukke”, and to the influence of Afrikaner civil religion in the reading of the Bible. In the light of these three aspects, the article surveys the problem of imitating the text in terms of its values or characters, since the discussion of the role of women in the church is based on what is said about women in the Bible as a male text. The article concludes with a tentative proposal for an ethics of reading, with regard to the theoretical aspects when discussing gender issues in the Bible.

  3. The Bible and mission in faith perspective: J.Hudson Taylor and the early China Inland Mission

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wigram, C.E.M.

    2007-01-01

    The thesis 'The Bible and Mission in Faith Perspective: J.Hudson Taylor and the Early China Inland Mission' by Christopher E.M. Wigram analysis the hermeneutical assumptions that underlay Hudson Taylor's approach to biblical interpretation, and the significance of his approach for the mission which

  4. Reading Sacred Texts in the Classroom: The Alignment between Students and Their Teacher's Interpretive Stances When Reading the Hebrew Bible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassenfeld, Ziva R.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the voices of students interpreting Hebrew Bible texts in one fourth-grade classroom. Through think-alouds on the Biblical text with each student, exit interviews, teacher interviews, and classroom observations, this study found that those students whose interpretive stances were more aligned with the teacher's were given…

  5. Christian Universities and Colleges: The Need to Train Instructors to Teach the Bible as Literature in Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeynes, William H.

    2012-01-01

    The author examines the national growth of Bible literacy courses in America's public schools and examines what steps Christian universities and colleges can take to help meet the demand for teachers for these courses. The author asserts that several sources of training are currently available, but declares that they will be unable to train a…

  6. Designing a Curriculum Model for the Teaching of the Bible in UK Jewish Secondary Schools: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohn, Eli

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the process of designing a curriculum model for Bible teaching in UK Jewish secondary schools. This model was designed over the period 2008-2010 by a team of curriculum specialists from the Jewish Curriculum Partnership UK in collaboration with a group of teachers from Jewish secondary schools. The paper first outlines the…

  7. Speaking in Parables: The Responses of Students to a Bible-Based Ethos in a Christian City Technology College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Elizabeth H.

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the engagement of Year 10 students with the Bible-based ethos of their City Technology College by describing and analysing their engagement with tutor prayers. It concludes that students are impacted by some of the key beliefs which underpin the ethos, conceptualised as a faith habitus. In particular they privilege being…

  8. Meek and Mild: American Children's Bibles' Stories of Jesus as a Boy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Russell W.

    2014-01-01

    The four canonical gospels provide readers with few details of the life of Jesus as a boy. Many authors of children's bibles in America, however, have been happy to fill in some of the details. This article suggests that these retellings regularly create or adapt stories of Jesus' childhood to teach children virtues that serve to affirm…

  9. Education for Committed Leadership: The Correlation between Bible College Institutional Culture and Student Commitment to the Religious Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bland, Mary J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to confirm the belief that differences in the institutional culture of United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI)-endorsed Bible colleges correlate with changes in the level of identification with the UPCI experienced by students who complete a program of study at these institutions. Because adherents of the UPCI…

  10. Discipline and School Ethos: Exploring Students' Reflections upon Values, Rules and the Bible in a Christian City Technology College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the way students reflect upon discipline in a City Technology College which has a Bible-based Christian ethos. This ethos is formally operationalised within college pastoral care and academic structures through a set of seven Core Values. Using ethnographic data and theoretical perspectives derived from Bourdieu this paper…

  11. The 17,000 t/a Bible Paper Project of Mudanjiang Hengfeng Paper Put into Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On June 6, 2012, the 27,000 t/a Bible paper project (PM17) of Mudanjiang Hengfeng Paper Co., Ltd. was put into production. The project will increase 20,000 tons production and RMB 90 million sales income in 2012.

  12. 论圣经对西方文学的影响%Discuss the Influence of Bible on Western Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵冰

    2014-01-01

    圣经对西方文学的影响无处不在。中世纪以前的西方文学是基督教文学,其产生于公元1~2世纪左右,最具代表性的作品就是《圣经》,西方文学藉引用圣经宣扬基督教。圣经故事被应用来教育,引导大众。至欧洲宗教改革和文艺复兴时期,圣经中的人物及其思想以各种形式被运用到文学作品中,激起读者共鸣,引发百花齐放的思想。本文主要探讨圣经的主题思想对西方文学--小说的影响。作者对海明威,陀思妥耶夫斯基,列夫托尔斯泰和霍桑的主要作品做了简要的分析,《圣经》对西方小说的主题思想产生了巨大的影响,对西方小说写作发展具有引导作用。%The influence of the bible on western literature is everywhere. The western literature is Christian literature before the middle ages, it produced in 1-2 century A.D. and its representative works is the Bible. People preached Christianity by quoting the Bible in Western literature, educating and guiding people’s life. To Europe the reformation and the Renaissance, the characters in the Bible and its thought has been applied to literary works in all forms, arousing readers’ resonance. This paper mainly discusses the influence of the Bible on western literature---the novels. The author made a brief analysis some major works of Hemingway, Dostoevsky, Leo Tolstoy and Hawthorne. The theme of the Bible has a great influence to the western novel thought and has a guiding role for the development of the western novel writing.The bible in western literature novel.

  13. TRANSLATION OF RELIGIOUS-CULTURAL TERMS OF ADDRESS IN THE LUKE’S BIBLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frans I Made Brata

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses words and phrases used for addressing in the translation ofreligious-cultural terms of address in the Luke’s Bible. Their profiles and attitudes,techniques, methods, and ideologies applied as well as factors leading to and theirimpacts towards the degree of accuracy, readability, and acceptability were qualitativelydescribed.The data were taken from the Luke’s English Bible and their translations intoBalinese. First, the terms of address found in the source text were compared with thosefound in the target text with reference to the appraisal theoretical framework to identifythe social stratifications to which the addressee belongs to, which was then applied toidentify what translation techniques were applied. The formal and dynamic equivalence(de Ward and Nida, 1986: 36, and V diagram of the translation method (New Mark,1988: 45 were employed to show the translation orientations closely related to thetranslation ideology itself.The findings show that: (1 the choice of the linguistic variants in the targetlanguage was influenced by the dimensions of attitude: affect, judgment, andappreciation, either (positive [+], or negative [-] among the participants; (2 there were12 translation techniques applied, two of which were the technique of calque and literal(0.06% which were oriented towards the source language, 0.02% was ‘gray’, and therest, that is, 99.2% was oriented towards the target language. The dominance of thetranslation techniques which were oriented towards the target language shows that therewas a great cultural difference between the source text and the target text; (3 thedominance of the translation communicative method and the domestication ideologyshows that, when the translation process took place, the translator’s orientation wastowards the target reader; (4 the linguistic factor, the religious-cultural difference, andthe translator’s preference led to the translation techniques, methods and

  14. Mac Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Spivey, Dwight

    2009-01-01

    This essential guide answers all your questions on using a Macintosh computer, whether you?re unpacking your very first Mac after switching from a PC or upgrading from an older Mac. You?ll walk through all pre-installed Mac applications, including using Mac OS X, browsing the Web using Safari, downloading music from the iTunes store, troubleshooting Mac-specific problems, organizing photos in iPhoto, organizing calendars in iCal, editing digital video in iMovie, and more.

  15. Predicative possession in Medieval Slavic Bible translations Predicative Possession in Early Biblical Slavic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia McAnallen

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Late Proto-Slavic (LPS had an inventory of three constructions for expressing predicative possession. Using the earliest Slavic Bible translations from Old Church Slavic (OCS, and to a lesser degree Old Czech, a number of conclusions can be drawn about the status of predicative possession for LPS. The verb iměti ‘have’ was the most frequent and least syntactically and semantically restricted predicative possessive construction (PPC. Existential PPCs with a dative possessor appear primarily with kinship relations, abstract possessums, and in a number of other fixed construction types; existential PPCs with the possessor in an u + genitive prepositional phrase primarily appear with concrete and countable possessums. Both existential PPCs call for an animate, most often pronominal, possessor. The u + genitive was the rarest type of PPC in LPS, though it had undoubtedly grammaticalized as a PPC.

  16. The inclination to evil and the punishment of crime - from the bible to behavioral genetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Azgad; S Appelbaum, Paul

    2014-01-01

    The evolving field of behavioral genetics is gradually elucidating the complex interplay between genes and environment. Scientific data pertaining to the behavioral genetics of violent behavior provides a new context for an old dilemma regarding criminal responsibility and punishment: if the inclination to violent behavior is inherent in someone's nature, how should it affect punishment for crime? Should it be considered as a mitigating or an aggravating factor? Given psychiatrists' increasing involvement in providing testimony on behavioral genetics in the criminal justice system, this paper first provides the necessary background required for understanding how this question arises and reviews the relevant literature. Then, we address this question from the perspective of the Bible and its commentators, in the belief that their insights may enrich the contemporary discussion of this question.

  17. Violence and the Daniel tales in a children’s Bible

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    Marius Nel

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Children enjoy the tales of Daniel and his three friends, whether told in Sunday school, day school, by parents or grandparents. These tales are cast essentially in violent terms. In this article a specific version of the tales in a children’s Bible is analysed to show in what way violence serves as the thread that holds the tales together and to suggest that this might imply that violence is condoned, be it violence committed by God for the sake of his children or by his children for their own sakes. Through ideology, criticism and deconstruction it is shown how a socially engaged reading of the text necessitates narrators of the Daniel tales to criticise violence embedded within the Biblical text, especially when these tales are narrated to children.

  18. Debating LGBT Workplace Protections in the Bible Belt: Social Identities in Legislative and Media Discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Claire D; Stewart, Craig O

    2016-07-01

    This article reports a case study of the legislative and media discourse surrounding the addition of sexual orientation and gender identity language to the employment nondiscrimination ordinance of a city in the heart of the Bible Belt. The purpose of the study is to uncover how different identities were constructed and contested at city council meetings and in the news media on the way to passing legal protection for LGBT city employees in a region that is often characterized by anti-gay prejudice. This debate over the nondiscrimination ordinance centered on the question of whether LGBT identities are equivalent to identity categories based on race, gender, or religious belief, and it was shaped by various intergroup communication dynamics, specifically between members of the LGBT minority and the straight majority, between LGBT and Christian identities, and between "true" and "false" Christian identities.

  19. Relationships between God and people in the Bible, part III: When the other is an outsider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popp, Carol; Luborsky, Lester; Descôteaux, Jean; Diguer, Louis; Andrusyna, Tomasz P; Kirk, Dan; Cotsonis, George

    2004-01-01

    This study considers intergroup attitudes in the Bible and compares relationships between God or Jesus and (a) Torah non-Israelites; (b) New Testament people who were not followers of Jesus; and (c) New Testament people who were not Jewish. Torah non-Israelites belonged to an out-group with respect to the Hebrew Torah, New Testament people who were not followers of Jesus belonged to an out-group with respect to the Christian New Testament, and New Testament people who were not Jewish were an in-group with respect to Christians. Results were that God or Jesus' relationships were very negative with people in the Torah who were non-Israelites and with people in the New Testament who were not followers, while relationships were positive with people in the New Testament who were not Jewish. Thus, in conclusion, results indicate that both the New Testament and the Torah portray negative relationships between God or Jesus and members of out-groups. Relationships portrayed in New Testament narratives about God and people who were not followers were sometimes more negative than observed for other groups in the New Testament and the Torah; for people who were viewed as outsiders, the New Testament could sometimes be more negative than the Torah. An aim of this study was to identify patterns of relationships between God or Jesus and different types of people in narratives of the Torah and in the New Testament. One of the characteristics of different types of people, including people described in biblical narratives, is whether they are members of in-groups or out-groups. Our focus in this report is on biblical narratives about people who are members of out-groups. The results contribute a clinical-quantitative assessment of out-groups in the Torah and New Testament that is focused on relationship with God, a central issue in the psychology of religion and the Bible.

  20. La Bible d’Étienne Harding et les origines de Cîteaux : perspectives de recherche

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    La Bible dite « d’Étienne Harding » (Dijon, BM, ms 12 à 15) est l’un des manuscrits médiévaux les plus connus des médiévistes. Aujourd’hui en quatre volumes, la Bible était formée au départ par deux tomes : le premier correspondait aux deux premiers volumes actuels (cotes 12 et 13) et le deuxième regroupait les troisième et quatrième volumes d’aujourd’hui (cotes 14 et 15). Le premier tome originel se termine par un Monitum (ms 13, fol. 150), à savoir un « avertissement » dans lequel Étienne H...

  1. Caspar Luyken’s illustrated bible among the Serbs and Bulgarians in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stošić Ljiljana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The engraving of the Finding of Moses from Caspar Luyken’s Amsterdam (1694 and Nuremberg (1708 bibles served as a model for Teodor Kračun’s painting for the small iconostasis of the Orthodox cathedral in Sremski Karlovci (1780, for the Viennese printer J. G. Mansfeld’s frontispiece of Dositej Obradović’s Poem of the Deliverance of Serbia (1789 and for Dimitar Zograf ’s fresco in the vault of the exonarthex of the Rila Monastery (1843. Three different versions of the original copper engraving reveal how Luyken’s Bible was used in support of the cause of religious revival and national liberation of the Serbs and Bulgarians in the Habsburg and Ottoman empires respectively in the late eighteen century and the first half of the nineteenth.

  2. In the beginning was the Word. A comparison of two recent Bible translations into English and Norwegian and their reception

    OpenAIRE

    Rodem, Ingrid

    2015-01-01

    This master’s thesis analyses and compares the two Bible translations New International Version 2011 (NIV 2011) and Bibel 2011, and their audience reception, with the aim of discovering what the differences are between the two translations. The thesis uses a three-pronged approach, as it analyses textual material, audience reception, and uses data from an interview about the translational process of Bibel 2011. The textual passages in the analysis correspond to passages that the audience has ...

  3. The Comparison of Two Chinese Versions (CUV and TCV) of Bible from the Perspective of Skopos Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程少云

    2014-01-01

    Bible has a lot of Chinese versions, among which The Chinese Union Version (CUV) and Today ’s Chinese Version (TCV) are most popular. The skopos of CUV is for Chinese Christians while the skopos of TCV is not just for Chinese Chris-tians but also for the non-believers. Different target readers decide different skopos of translation. The comparison of CUV and TCV of this essay will focus on the word choices and sentence patterns to illustrate the point. Concerning the word choice, CUV uses a lot of classical words that are hard for readers today to understand. As to the sentence pattern, CUV version is generally lit-eral translation to be loyal to God. On the contrary, because of different skopos, TCV version is very free translation. We can not deny the fact that TCV using free translation is under the influence of Nida whose dynamic equivalence is influential during the 1970s especially in the Bible translation. However, from the prospective of Vermeer’s theory, the prime skopos of TCV is to help non-believers understand and be willing to read Bible. Strange sentences and vague meanings will prevent them from go on reading it. Since I am also a Christian, at the end of the essay I will illustrate the limitation of both versions from a Christian ’s per-spective.

  4. 《圣经》英译研究%On the Translation of the Bible into English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丛如

    2012-01-01

    The Bible is a very important religious classic in the history of human civilization. Its importance is displayed through the translation,especially the translation of the Bible into English,which had gone through a long history. And the Authorized Version is the greatest of all translations. The translation of the Bible into English infused a large number of new words and expressions into English,exerting a significant impact on the development of the English language.%作为人类文明史上一部重要经典,《圣经》是通过被翻译成多种语言尤其是英语影响世界的。《圣经》英译经历了漫长的过程,其中《钦定圣经》是《圣经》英译史上的一个顶点。《圣经》英译对英语语言产生了重大影响,为英语语言注入了新鲜的血液,丰富了英语语言。

  5. Relationships between God and people in the Bible: a core conflictual relationship theme study of the Pentateuch/Torah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popp, Carol A; Luborsky, Lester; Andrusyna, Tomasz P; Cotsonis, George; Seligman, David

    2002-01-01

    The most widely known images of God are from the Bible. An important characteristic of these images is their portrayal of God's interactions with people. Although there have been many religious and literary discussions of God's relationships with people in the Bible, no systematic psychological assessment has been reported. Therefore, the aim of this study was an innovation: to identify patterns of relationship between God and people portrayed in the first five books of the Bible, the Pentateuch or Torah, by using the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) method, a widely used scoring system for the assessment of interpersonal relationships. Reliability for the application of the CCRT method to relationship episode narratives in the Pentateuch/Torah was assessed and found to be very good. Results show that the most frequent theme in relationship episode narratives about God and people is that God is helpful. Two less frequent but also highly repetitive themes are that God controls or hurts the other person. Many differences were found between relationship themes defined by the type of person with whom God interacted: patriarch, Moses, woman, non-Israelite, or not a non-Israelite. Thus, the CCRT results identify several different patterns of relationship between God and people.

  6. The Bible for children in a postmodern context: How do children form explanatory concepts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette H. Evans

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A previous paper on methodological considerations in interpreting the Bible for childrenexplored the problem of the cognitive gap between biblical interpreter and child. Thisresearch is a follow-up as a result of recognition of necessary adjustments in the way that childevangelism is usually approached (via �original sin�. In our current context of postmodernism,the manner and consequences of biblical knowledge transfer between adult and child needto be explored. Recent research suggests that children are sensitive to the underlying causalstructure of the world and seek to form new causal representations at a much earlier age thanwe had previously supposed. �Intellectualists� in the anthropology of religion hold that religionis primarily concerned with providing explanatory theories, thus indicating that childrenneed help to achieve coherence between biblical and scientific views on creation. This articlepresents the rationale for an early intervention to avoid the cognitive dissonance that oftenarises as children grow up and find a lack of coherence between their early evangelisationand the latest scientific discoveries. To test this hypothesis a multilingual illustrated bookletin English, Afrikaans and isiXhosa was designed to be individually read by parents in eachlanguage group to their own 5�8-year-old children. Children�s Bible stories have alwaysbeen �pretexts for passing along values� and this booklet is no different. The purpose of thebooklet was to lay a foundation for children to find Christianity relevant even in the multiculturalcontext of vast scientific and technological advances. The subjects� responsivenesswas recorded by video camera, and afterwards the parents were individually interviewed andasked to assess the child�s level of interest and to comment on the booklet. Results of this pilotstudy indicated that the booklet was well received.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: In today

  7. Tense, Aspect and Case in Bantu and significance in Translation- The Case of Lulogooli Bible

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    Joyce Imali Wangia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tense and Aspect are morphological features and in some languages like English, they are marked mainly by inflection on the verb. In Bantu languages, the verbal element is characteristically conflated to mark tense and aspect and more often than not, the morphemes marking tense and aspect cannot be isolated. In many instances, they are tonally marked. Thus, a lexical verb may mark three or even more distinctions whose semantic realization is only through tonal variation. Similarly, Case realization is unique compared to for example English that marks possession on the noun and gender distinction on pronouns. This study will examine these features in Lulogooli, a Bantu language spoken in Western Kenya. Lulogooli has only two gender distinctions; male and female but does not use pronouns to mark them. This study proposes to sample data from the Lulogooli bible translation to show why and how improper use of these three grammatical categories leads to mistranslation. The analysis will also contribute to the significance of understanding language typology to translators so as to aid accuracy and effectiveness in translation. The study posits the significance of aspects of linguistic analysis to translation.

  8. The Doctrine of the Divine Education of Mankind in the Greek Bible

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    Élcio Verçosa Filho

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay seeks to retrieve an important foundation in the constitution of the theology of history in patristic times, i.e., the notion of the providential education of Mankind, uncovering its origins in the translation of the Hebrew Bible to the Greek, the Septuagint, which can be traced back to the Alexandrian Jewish community of the Second Century B.C. The aim is to contribute to the history of the development of the notion of Divine Providence in a particular strand of Eastern Christian thought, from Irinaeus to Origen and beyond. In order to achieve that, the essay offers an in-depth reading of the Greek translation of certain key passages in the Deuteronomy that point to a pedagogical interpretation of Divine Action, then discussing the more developed versions of that view in the new texts authored by the Hellenized Jews of Alexandria around the 3rd Century B.C, such as “The Wisdom of Salomon” and Ben Sirach’s “Ecclesiasticus”.

  9. [Where it is shown that a quarrel about precedence can lead to the Holy Bible].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafont, Olivier

    2006-11-01

    The custom to print a "synthesis", for the last part of the mastership examination, the "chef d'oeuvre" was established in most of French towns. Kind of printed programme, the "synthesis" was a sheet of paper, of poster size. It listed the practicals to perform and the members of the jury, etc. The listing of the apothecaries participating in the jury used to be accompanied by elogious formulations i.e. "celeberrimo coet-cui pharmacoporum". The physicians immeditely reacted. How was it possible? Such elogious terms should be used for medicine doctors only! Not for apothecaries! Various printed arguments were exchanged and a tumultuous process took place. A judgement occured on December 14 1656: Such terms of Honour should be avoided in the future. During this judiciary episode, Latin citations from "Ecclesistics, 38" were exchanged. This ridiculous quarell rised nevertheless some serious questions. Didn't the translation of the Bible in modern languages contain some indaquancies concerning the people in charge of preparing and dispensing the medicines? A study of original Greek texts showed that it was the case.

  10. A bibliai héber nevek megjelenítése a nemzeti bibliafordításokban, különös tekintettel a legújabb protestáns bibliafordításainkra [The equivalents of biblical Hebrew names in national Bible translations and the latest Hungarian Protestant Bible translations in particular

    OpenAIRE

    Kustár, Zoltán

    2015-01-01

    The transcription of biblical Hebrew names may seem a relatively easy subtask of Bible translation, but, in reality, it is a serious challenge, requiring clearly established philological principles, transcription rules, and – with respect to church use – a high degree of willingness to compromise. The paper examines the origins of those forms of biblical Hebrew personal and place names which were borrowed from Greek and Latin and appear in contemporary Hungarian Protestant Bible translatio...

  11. 《圣经》之我见——析《圣经》中的法律%The Bible as I Understand it——On the Law in the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕拾元

    2010-01-01

    本文由三部分组成.文章介绍了法律的一般特征,扼要地分析了里的法律,阐述了圣经法对罗马法律发展的影响.%This paper consists of three parts. First it introduces general features of law;then it makes a concise analysis of the law in the Bible and finally describes the influence of the God's law upon the development of the Roman law.

  12. PAUL (André), Et l’homme créa la Bible, d’Hérodote à Flavius Josèphe

    OpenAIRE

    Chédozeau, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    Cet ouvrage original s’appuie pour une bonne part sur les études déjà menées par l’auteur. L’idée maîtresse en est de traiter la Bible comme les autres livres, en la replaçant dans les milieux politiques, sociaux et culturels dans lesquels elle est apparue, s’est construite et s’est établie : « La Bible est l’un des grands témoins de la production littéraire de l’Antiquité » . Ce livre apporte ainsi un éclairage inattendu et intéressant sur la genèse de la Bible. L’analyse (rédigée de façon e...

  13. The Holy Stone Worship in the Bible%《圣经》中圣石崇拜的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁

    2016-01-01

    Abst arct:The holy stone worship becomes the salient feature of the Bible on account of geographic environ -ment, social consciousness and life experiences of the ancient people.The holy stone plays four main types of roles in the worship , which are the house of God , the watcher, the altar in the sacrifice and the monument .As a proto-type, the holy stone worship in the Bible has a far -reaching impact on the literature .Furthermore, as an ancient custom , the holy stone worship in the Bible has its specialty when comparing with other stone worship in the world , which highlights the Hebrew ’ s belief in the one God .%由于地理环境、先民社会意识和生活经验等多方面的原因,《圣经》包含有圣石崇拜的显著特征。圣石在崇拜仪式中主要有神殿、鉴察者、祭祀和纪念碑四种功能。《圣经》中的圣石崇拜作为一种文学原型对后世创作产生深远的影响。此外,作为一种古老习俗,《圣经》中的圣石崇拜与世界其他地区的圣石崇拜相比又有其独到之处,集中凸显了希伯来民族对耶和华上帝的独一信仰。

  14. How ‘direct’ can a direct translation be? Some perspectives from the realities of a new type of church Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christo H.J. van der Merwe

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The skopos of this new type of church Bible is: ‘How would the source texts of the Bible have sounded in Afrikaans in the context envisaged for its hypothesised first audience(s?’ Fully acknowledging the complexities of language as a dynamic and complex system embedded in the culture and conceptual world of its speakers, as well as the wide range of frames that are involved in the process of Bible translation as a difficult form of secondary communication, this article addresses two of the challenges of this ambitious project. In the first section the incongruence between the world of the Old Testament and speakers of Afrikaans is treated. Examples are provided of instances where both the nature of difficult secondary intercultural communication as well as the subjective theories of the host audience constrains the ‘directness’ of the translation. In the second section, some of the challenges of distinguishing between the formal and functional features of Biblical Hebrew are dealt with. The article concludes that, although the notion ‘communicative clue’ provides a useful heuristic device to act as point of departure for negotiations on the construal of the meaning of the text in the source language and host language respectively, the notion has to be supplemented by insights from the fields of cultural anthropology, cognitive linguistics and linguistic typology. A better understanding of how meaning ‘works’ (e.g. how linguistic expressions act as windows into the conceptual worlds of speakers, how the meaning of expressions may shift and develop, as well as processes of grammaticalisation provides members of a translation team with some criteria to make informed decisions when they negotiate how the meaning of specific Biblical Hebrew constructions are to be construed ‘directly’ in Afrikaans.Keywords: Afrikaans Bibles; Bible translation; Biblical Hebrew; church Bible; code model; cognitive linguistics; cognitive semantics

  15. 从文化视角看《圣经》典故的翻译%From the perspective of culture to see the "Bible" allusions translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭宣红

    2013-01-01

    Divide rooted in specific cultural allusions are impassable in cross-cultural translation. "Bible" in the fairy story, characters, fables and proverbs, resulting in a large number of "the Bible" allusions, has become an important part of the English language. Because there are many differences between the "Bible"allusions and Chinese culture, the translator often encounter obstacles in understanding " Bible" allusions in translation. Based on this, this paper aims to explore the translation principles and methods of "Bible" allusions from the perspective of culture, in order to better guide the future of the "Bible" allusions.%  根植于特定文化的典故在跨文化翻译中存在不可逾越的鸿沟。《圣经》中的神话故事、人物、寓言和箴言等产生了大量的《圣经》典故,已成为英语语言的一个重要部分。由于《圣经》典故与中华文化存在诸多差异,国内译者在翻译《圣经》典故时经常碰到理解上的障碍。在此基础上,本文旨在从文化角度探讨《圣经》典故的翻译原则和方法,以期更好地指导今后的《圣经》典故翻译。

  16. BIBLE A whole-air sampling as a window on Asian biogeochemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Scott; Blake, Donald R.; Blake, Nicola J.; Dubey, Manvendra K.; Rowland, F. Sherwood; Sive, Barkley C.; Smith, Felisa A.

    2003-02-01

    Asian trace gas and aerosol emissions into carbon, nitrogen, and other elemental cycles will figure prominently in near term Earth system evolution. Atmospheric hydrocarbon measurements resolve numerous chemical species and can be used to investigate sourcing for key geocarriers. A recent aircraft study of biomass burning and lightning (BIBLE A) explored the East Asian atmosphere and was unique in centering on the Indonesian archipelago. Samples of volatile organics taken over/between the islands of Japan, Saipan, Java, and Borneo are here examined as a guide to whole-air-based studies of future Asian biogeochemistry. The midlatitude onshore/offshore pulse and tropical convection strongly influence concentration distributions. As species of increasing molecular weight are considered, rural, combustion, and industrial source regimes emerge. Methane-rich inputs such as waste treatment and rice cultivation are evidenced in the geostrophic outflow. The Indonesian atmosphere is rich in biomass burning markers and also those of vehicular activity. Complexity of air chemistry in the archipelago is a direct reflection of diverse topography, land use, and local economies in a rapidly developing nation. Conspicuous in its absence is the fingerprint for liquefied petroleum gas leakage, but it can be expected to appear as demand for clean fossil fuels rises along with per capita incomes. Combustion tracers indicate high nitrogen mobilization rates, linking regional terrestrial geocycles with open marine ecosystems. Sea to air fluxes are superimposed on continental and marine backgrounds for the methyl halides. However, ocean hot spots are not coordinated and suggest an intricate subsurface kinetics. Levels of long-lived anthropogenic halocarbons attest to the success of international environmental treaties while reactive chlorine containing species track industrial air masses. The dozens of hydrocarbons resolvable by gas chromatographic methods will enable monitoring of

  17. Reactive nitrogen over the tropical western Pacific: Influence from lightning and biomass burning during BIBLE A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koike, M.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Nishi, N.; Liu, S. C.; Blake, D.; Ko, M.; Akutagawa, D.; Kawakami, S.; Takegawa, N.; Zhao, Y.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-02-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment phase A (BIBLE A) aircraft campaign was carried out over the tropical western Pacific in September and October 1998. During this period, biomass burning activity in Indonesia was quite weak. Mixing ratios of NOx and NOy in air masses that had crossed over the Indonesian islands within 3 days prior to the measurement (Indonesian air masses) were systematically higher than those in air masses originating from the central Pacific (tropical air masses). Sixty percent of the Indonesian air masses at 9-13 km (upper troposphere, UT) originated from the central Pacific. The differences in NOy mixing ratio between these two types of air masses were likely due to processes that occurred while air masses were over the Islands. Evidence presented in this paper suggests convection carries material from the surface, and NO is produced from lightning. At altitudes below 3 km (lower troposphere, LT), typical gradient of NOx and NOy to CO (dNOy/dCO and dNOx/dCO) was smaller than that in the biomass burning plumes and in urban areas, suggesting that neither source has a dominant influence. When the CO-NOx and CO-NOy relationships in the UT are compared to the reference relationships chosen for the LT, the NOx and NOy values are higher by 40-60 pptv (80% of NOx) and 70-100 pptv (50% of NOy). This difference is attributed to in situ production of NO by lightning. Analyses using air mass trajectories and geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) derived cloud height data show that convection over land, which could be accompanied by lightning activity, increases the NOx values, while convection over the ocean generally lowers the NOx level. These processes are found to have a significant impact on the O3 production rate over the tropical western Pacific.

  18. 圣经中的鼠疫及纪年%Plague and Its Time in Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马学博

    2015-01-01

    圣经记载了最早一次鼠疫流行,西方学者为此长期争论不休,主要集中在临床症状的译名、宿主动物黑鼠是否存在等,而发生鼠疫流行的年代则语焉不详。现据文献研究及考古发掘证据,试图阐释“非利士人鼠疫”的可信性,提出相对准确的纪年约为公元前1050年,并且涉及了旧约时代中东鼠疫自然疫源地及鼠疫流行史研究与鼠疫实验科学研究关系问题。%The first plague epidemic was recorded in the Bible. Western scholars debated about it for a long time, focusing mainly in the translation of clinical symptoms, the presence of host animal rattus, and so on. However, the time of plague epidemic was vague. According to the evidence of literature research and archaeological excavations, the article attempted to explain the credibility of 'Philistine plague', and proposed that the relatively accurate time of plague epidemic is 1050 BC. At the same time, the article involved in the Old Testament times' natural foci of plague in the Near East, and the relation of study of the history of the plague epidemic and experimental scientific research.

  19. A journey to the bible lands: a call from the past to the present in astonishing ways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Geraldine

    2013-01-01

    I traveled to the Middle East six times between 1978 and 200. These trips will always remain among my most precious memories. These trips included visiting Tele Aviv, Jerusalem (Old and New), Bethlehem, Haifa, Galilee, Golan Heights, Tiberius, Temple Mount, Ein Gedi Beach (Dead Sea), the Masada, Sinai, Caesarea, and Megiddo (Armageddon). The Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Inc. (New York City) was the Host Church, with Dr. Robert Spellman (a Senior Professor at Essex County College (New Jersey), Bishop/Pastor of the Macedonia Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ (Newark, NJ), and Bible Seminar Teacher, was the Tour Leader. During these travels, many airlines were used, including British Airways, El Al, Olympia, Lufthansa, and Alitalia. Side trips included Egypt, Jordan (Petra), and Europe (Greece, London, Paris, Rome). This tour in my own words, hopefully will entice and enlighten others to plan a trip to the most sacred ground on earth. I trust there will be as much enjoyment as I have had and am still having in sharing the biblical knowledge as it relates to the Bible lessons I learned over the years in Sunday School and actually comparing them today with the Holy Land itself.

  20. Measurements of reactive nitrogen produced by tropical thunderstorms during BIBLE-C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koike, M.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Takegawa, N.; Nishi, N.; Kashihara, T.; Kawakami, S.; Kudoh, S.; Blake, D.; Shirai, T.; Liley, B.; Ko, M.; Miyazaki, Y.; Kawasaki, Z.; Ogawa, T.

    2007-09-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment phase C (BIBLE-C) aircraft mission was carried out near Darwin, Australia (12°S, 131°E) in December 2000. This was the first aircraft experiment designed to estimate lightning NO production rates in the tropics, where production is considered to be most intense. During the two flights (flights 10 and 13 made on December 9 and 11-12, respectively) enhancements of NOx (NO + NO2) up to 1000 and 1600 parts per trillion by volume (pptv, 10-s data) were observed at altitudes between 11.5 and 14 km. The Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS) cloud (brightness temperature) data and ground-based lightning measurements by the Global Positioning and Tracking System (GPATS) indicate that there were intensive lightning events over the coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria, which took place upstream from our measurement area 10 to 14 h prior to the measurements. For these two flights, air in which NOx exceeded 100 pptv extended over 620 × 140 and 400 × 170 km2 (wind direction × perpendicular direction), respectively, suggesting a significant impact of lightning NO production on NOx levels in the tropics. We estimate the amount of NOx observed between 11.5 and 14 km produced by the thunderstorms to be 3.3 and 1.8 × 1029 NO molecules for flights 10 and 13, respectively. By using the GPATS lightning flash count data, column NO production rates are estimated to be 1.9-4.4 and 21-49 × 1025 NO molecules per single flash for these two flight data sets. In these estimations, it is assumed that the column NO production between 0 and 16 km is greater than the observed values between 11.5 and 14 km by a factor of 3.2, which is derived using results reported by Pickering et al. (1998). There are however large uncertainties in the GPATS lightning data in this study and care must be made when the production rates are referred. Uncertainties in these estimates are discussed. The impact on the ozone production rate is also described.

  1. Modern and Postmodern Teaching Styles and Students' Perceived Levels of Motivation and Engagement in Christian High School Bible Classes: Is There a Difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uecker, Joel T.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined potential differences between modern and postmodern teaching styles and students' perceived levels of motivation and engagement, using Christian high school Bible teachers and their students. Twenty-four teachers were categorized as either modern or postmodern in style using a Teaching Style Inventory (TSI). These same teachers…

  2. Misunderstanding Effect of"Authorization"in Bible Translation%圣经翻译“钦定”现象的“误识”效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任东升; 裴继涛

    2014-01-01

    宗教翻译“钦定”现象是指以国家或教会最高统治者名义对某一译本或其翻译、制作、发行、阅读等实施权威化的过程,即译本法定化过程。圣经的传布和基督教的传播得益于圣经翻译“钦定”现象,圣经翻译“钦定”史料显示圣经钦定现象呈现出单语钦定传承性、多语钦定并存、宗教政治性显著的特征。圣经翻译“钦定”现象作为温和的权力争夺方式,通过“钦定”赋予译本特定的符号,进而在大众对这一特定符号的“误识”过程中实现了译本权威的建构。圣经翻译“钦定”现象的“误识”效应,反映了宗教政治对宗教文本强力操控的运作机制,也是符号权力合法化,并对宗教政治、宗教传播,甚至译本所处的社会文化、认知结构和社会秩序产生深远影响的关键。%The authorization of Bible translation refers to the process in which a supreme religious or sec-ular power sanctions the translating,producing,issuing and reading of the Bible.The authorization of Bible translation contributed greatly to the circulation of the Bible and the spread of Christianity.On the basis of ex-amination of Bible translations in the world,the paper finds out three features in the authorization of Bible translation:continuity of authorized monolingual versions,coexistence of authorized multilingual versions and obvious interference by church politics.The authors attempt to probe into the internal mechanism and misun-derstanding effect in the authorized Bible translations in light of symbolic capital and symbolic force of Bourdi-eu's sociology theory.

  3. 希伯来圣经性别结构批判%Critique of the Gender Structure of the Hebrew Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒也

    2011-01-01

    The Hebrew Bible is an important cultural text in the history. There is a hidden gender structure based on male centralism in the Hebrew Bible. There are different signs of patriarchy in the Ontological hermeneutic, anthropological hermeneutic, historical hermeneutic and gender hermeneutic in the Hebrew Bible. The Hebrew Bible is a text of gender discrimination, showing the dominatingdominated relationship of man and woman. By revealing the male-centered structure of the Bible this paper appeals to go out of the Egypt of patriarchy church and construct a totally new value system.%希伯来圣经是人类历史上的一部文化经典,其潜在的性别结构有着深层的男性中心主义特征。圣经在本体论阐释、人类阐释、历史阐释以及价值阐释等诸多方面均表现出了父权制的遗痕。圣经是一部男尊女卑的书,是一部在两性关系上统治与被统治的经典,面对这样一种不平等的权力结构,女性的独立与解放有必要从自身的价值出发,以人类与自身的需要和权利为基础来建构一个全新的价值体系。

  4. The hidden life of love: The function of the Bible in Kierkegaard’s ‘Works of love’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jos Huls

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discussed the use of the Bible in ‘Love’s hidden life and its recognizability by its fruits’, which is the first reflection of Søren Kierkegaard’s book, Works of love. The article noted that in the first part of the reflection, Kierkegaard points out how easily love is ignored because of its hidden character and because it belongs to the realm of the heart. Consequently, it seems sagacious to trust only those things that we can observe with our senses. But this attitude speaks of self-deception and fear that will bring eternal loss, because it locks us out of love which connects us with the essence of God himself. The article then explained Kierkegaard’s argument that love produces fruit which has to be distinguished from other kinds of fruit. This distinction raises the question of discernment between forms that claim to be love and Christian love, which is rooted in eternity. The second part of this reflection focuses on love as the main feature of Kierkegaard’s anthropology that springs from the heart, has its origin in God and therefore cannot be penetrated by the tools of logic. This does not imply that we cannot live this love. On the contrary, we need to live it in order to become familiar with it and to understand it from within. However, this familiarity will, in the first place, confront us with love’s unfathomableness and its unfathomable connectedness with all existence. The more we become acquainted with the love of our heart, the more this love will lead us into the mystery of God’s eternity. A second feature of Kierkegaard’s anthropology, which is immediately linked to the first, is the acknowledgement that this love manifests itself as a need with roots in the hunger of the heart. For the purposes of this article, Kierkegaard’s use of the Bible in all these parts was analysed and a general perspective on his reception of the Bible was offered.

  5. Moses, Elijah, and Jesus: Reflections on the basic structures of the Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham van de Beek

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the end of the lives of Moses and Elijah as the representatives of the Torah and the Prophets. Moses was not allowed to enter the Promised Land, and Elijah left it before he was taken up. These events are interpreted as indicating that the Law is not able to bring the people into the Promised Land and that the Prophets cannot keep them there. The end of Moses’ life is also the end of the Torah. The Prophets end with the call for a new Elijah. The Ketubim, as the human response on God’s acting, do not better. The Hebrew Bible ends with the exile. The New Testament begins where the Prophets end: a new Elijah, in the person of John the Baptist. He works at exactly the place where Israel entered the land after Moses’ death and where Elijah left the land. It is a reprise of the fulfilment of the promise. John points to Jesus, who begins his work at this place, not going on dry feet through the Jordan River,but fulfilling all righteousness when drawn into the water of God’s judgement. Then the way to the land is open to Moses and Elijah in the glory of God on the Mount of Transfiguration, when they speak about the exodus of Jesus on the cross. Salvation is not in the law or in conversion but in being baptised into Christ in his death.  Moses, Elia en Jesus: Oorwegings oor die fundamentele strukture van die Bybel. Hierdie artikel gaan oor die einde van die lewes van Moses en Elia as die personifikasies van die Torah en die profete. Moses is verhinder om in die beloofde land in te gaan en Elijah moes dit verlaat voordat hy hemel toe gegaan het. Hierdie gebeurtenisse word so geïnterpreteer dat die Wet die volk nie in die beloofde land kan bring nie, en dat die profete hulle nie daar kan hou nie. Die einde van die lewe van Moses is ook die einde van die Torah. Die profete eindig met die oproep vir ’n nuwe Elia. Die Ketubim as die menslike antwoord op God se dade doen nie beter nie. Die Hebreeuse Bybel eindig in die

  6. On the Influence of Bible upon Western Literature%《圣经》对西方文学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王箐

    2011-01-01

    There is a fundamental relationship between the Bible and western literature.It is well-known that the Bible of Christianity is the book of the books that has great influence on many writers in the western countries.The paper aims to make a brief analysis%《圣经》与西方文学存在着根深蒂固的关系。《圣经》不仅是基督教教义,还是西方文学创作最重要的源泉。《圣经》成为西方文学创作母题的原因在于本身具有很强的文化价值和艺术魅力。

  7. Interpreting the Bible against Postmodern Biblical Hermeneutics: The Role of Time and Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kateřina Kočí

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available There are two main streams for interpreting the Bible in postmodern hermeneutics, Reader-Response Criticism and Reception History. They have things in common, namely the “dialogical” character of analysis. However, they differ significantly in their perception of the role of time and tradition. Reader-Response is a purely synchronic approach; it has no interest in either time or tradition in its analysis. Scholars of Reader-Response claim that there is no persistency of meaning throughout time. On the one hand, we see this as a deficiency because it suggests that there is no such a thing as meaning of the text at all. On the other hand, it leaves enough space for original interpretation. Scholars of Reception History insist on the continuity of meaning throughout time. Thus they claim that there really is something which we may call the “core meaning” of the text to which new interpretations add new significances. However, they risk the other extreme – over-reliance on the tradition and dismissal of interpretations which are not in continuity with the tradition. David P. Parris brings in a concept of “paradigm shift”, which takes tradition into account but leaves enough space for the originality of new interpretations. Postmoderní biblická interpretace: Čas a tradice Mezi postmoderními přístupy k biblické interpretaci dominují zejména dva – čtenářsky orientované teorie a dějiny působnosti textu. Některé věci, jako dialogický přístup k analýze textu, mají společné, naopak jiné, jako je role časovosti a tradice, se výrazně liší. Čtenářsky orientované teorie jsou přístupy synchronní, nezabývají se ani otázkou časovosti, ani tradice. Badatelé v této oblasti tvrdí, že význam textu je v dějinách nepřenosný. Toto stanovisko vnímáme negativně, neboť v podstatě tvrdí, že text sám o sobě, tedy nezávisle na kontextu, žádný význam nemá. Jeho výhodou však je, že ponech

  8. The first outline of Calvin’s theology – the preface to the New Testament in the Olivétan Bible of 1535

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.H. Neuser

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available The prefaces which Calvin wrote for the Bible translation of Olivétan (1535 conform to the general custom during the Reformation to translate the Bible into the vernacular and to publish these translations simultaneously with interpretation aids. In the preface published in the Olivétan Bible and preceding the New Testament translation, Calvin wants to indicate to the reader (in this case the heathen the correct way to approach the Bible. Although no captions or headings are included, the preface is structured very precisely, thus also presenting Calvin’s systematic kind of exposition. In order to show the heathen the way to salvation, Calvin indicates a way via prehistory (Gen. 1-11; Rom. 1-2; Acts 14 and 17, the Ten Commandments (Decalogue to the New Testament witness about Christ. The focus and goal of this path are the fulfilment of the law. Clearly the most noticeable result of the analysis of this preface is the “system of corresponding doctrines” found between creation and salvation. This specific approach of Calvin is a key to understanding his later theology. In the second part of the preface Calvin explains the main Biblical concepts of “Testament”, “Evangelium” and “Messiah”. Regarding this his view corresponds to Luther’s writing, “De captivitate Babylonica ...” (1520, and is perhaps dependent on it. The third part of the preface contains admonitions to Christians who are persecuted to assure them of their salvation. Admonitions to kings, princes, rulers, bishops and pastors are also included.

  9. Yhwh, the Goddess and Evil: Is 'monotheism' an adequate concept to describe the Hebrew Bible's discourses about the God of Israel?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas C. R�mer

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The concept of �monotheism� has become a matter of debate in Hebrew Bible scholarship. This article investigates whether the concept should still be used, starting with Second Isaiah, who in the early Persian period elaborated a discourse that presented Yhwh as the only god. Therefore he had to integrate into this deity functions traditionally attributed to goddesses and to demons or evil gods. However, this attempt did not succeed. The goddess, whose elimination is probably reflected in Zechariah 5, returned in a certain way through the personification of Wisdom in Proverbs 8, and the �dark sides� of the gods were materialised in the figure of Satan, who experienced an impressive career in the following centuries. The question of evil is not resolved in the Hebrew Bible. Some texts admit the autonomy of evil, whereas Isaiah 45 claims that Yhwh himself is at the origin of evil. This diversity makes it difficult to characterise the Hebrew Bible as the result of a straightforward evolution from polytheism to monotheism.

  10. A Study of the Inaugural Addresses of US Presidents from the Perspective of the Bible%从圣经看美国总统就职演说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄运林

    2011-01-01

    The Bible has played a very important role in the history of Western civilization, and Biblical' culture has widely infiltra ted into all fields of Western society, The United States is heavily populated by Christian believers. When the newly - elected president assumes office, he first takes the oath of office with his hand placed upon the Bible, then delivers the inaugural address. In order to arouse people to accept and support his executive programs, the president repeatedly preaches Christian doctrines, makes allusions to the Bible and copies biblical writing styles in his address so as to make it more commanding, authoritative and forceful.%美国是一个基督教信仰浓厚的国家,美国新当选总统就职时,都要手抚《圣经》宣读誓言,然后发表就职演说。为了唤起民众接受并支持自己的施政纲领,就职总统大都在演说辞中浓墨宣扬基督教思想文化,引用《圣经》典故格言,效仿《圣经》文体风格,以使演说威严、庄重,更具感召力。

  11. Do Native American Culture, Life Experiences, Physics and the Bible Provide Supportive Evidence For Julian Barbour's Thesis About Anachronisms Relating to The End of Time?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mears, Paul C.; Mc Leod, Roger D.

    2002-10-01

    Historic, and current Native American attitude considers that time can be considered in a cyclic sense that contrasts against a majority view of physicists that time varies in a linear algebraic sense. Precognition experiences offer evidence that time has a more subtle substance. The Bible clearly delineates "prophetic awareness of the future." Embedded "Bible codes" are touted as mathematical evidence for the existence of God. His existence is better served if "past-tense" information of events can propagate backward relative to our "present-tense" time. Barbour, p39: [some] " physicists entertain the idea time truly does not exist applies to motion .suggestion; it too is pure illusion." The concept of prophecy has been interpreted as evidence or "proof" of the existence of "Manitou" or God. Our interpretation is that, according to Native American legends, or the Bible, for as yet unspecified reasons, time behaves as though it can convey information in a backward, or forward, sense. It is like an f (t ± ti).

  12. 汉译《圣经》的语言学价值%On the Linguistic Value of the Chinese Version of Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永安

    2011-01-01

    It takes a long time for Bible to be translated into Chinese, during which materials of Bible in Chinese are accumulated and will be precious wealth to the research of Chinese. From the present general version, it can be seen that Bible in Chinese is full%《圣经》翻译成汉语经历了很长的历史时期,这期间积累的汉译《圣经》文献资料,是研究汉语的宝贵财富。从现在通行的读本看,现行本《圣经》汉语中包含有浓厚的文言色彩,也有汉语方言成分,其翻译语言还保留了翻译时的中介语特点。对汉译《圣经》的研究,将能够为汉语研究提供宝贵的资料。

  13. 《圣经》的文体特征及翻译原则探析%Stylistic Features and Translation Principle of the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴玉群

    2015-01-01

    The Holy Bible is not only a classical work that rules the spiritual world of the West,but al-so suffices to be both a literary work of high aesthetic properties and a philosophical work that reflects the thought patterns and value orientations of Westerners.For centuries,the Bible has been exerting influences,tangibly or intangibly,upon the literature,language and daily lives of the people in the West.In the current context of globalization in politics,economy and culture,it is also of great signif-icance to acquire a good knowledge of the Bible so as to promote international communication.Moreo-ver,a careful exploration into the stylistic features and translation principles of the Bible might con-tribute to the birth of high quality Chinese Bibles,which,as a result,will definitely help to bridge the people of different faiths within our country and also better Chinese people′s understanding of the Western world,ensuring the success of the Sino Western dialogues.%《圣经》不仅是统领西方精神世界的宗教经典,也是一部有着极高美学价值、反映西方人思维模式和价值取向的文学巨著和哲学巨著。千百年来,《圣经》在文学、日常生活和语言诸方面深刻影响着西方文化。在当今全球化语境下,学习和研究《圣经》对于了解西方文化、促进国际交流有着划时代意义。探讨《圣经》的翻译原则将有助于出现高质量的《圣经》译本。这不仅有利于加强国内不同信仰之间的了解,而且也有利于我们更好地了解西方世界,加强中西方对话。

  14. THE GENESIS OF NARNIA AND THE BIBLE. THE MAGICIAN’S NEPHEW AND THE BOOK OF GENESIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres Servin, S.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to look into the creation process of Narnia, according to C. S. Lewis, and the creation of the world, according to the biblical narrative, in order to establish a parallel thread that links the two stories. There are numerous similarities and differences between the Narnia story, The Magician’s Nephew, and the Genesis narrative. This fact relates them in a unique and creative way. It is clear that Lewis drew on the Genesis narrative to craft his creation and establishment of Narnia, but the way in which he set the characters and events taking place in the beginnings of Narnia can be remarkable, due precisely, many times, to the contrasting ways in which he brings them together. It is from that background platform that this analysis is approached. Needless to say that the Narnia story is greatly enriched by the way Lewis drew his narrative from the Bible. The contrasts are rich and the minute contrastive or similar details bring a new freshness to the story. In determining similarities, parallelism is usually an interesting factor, but parallelisms made up of contrasting aspects is what makes The Magician’s Nephew story so new, unique, different, and interesting.

  15. Kihika’s Bible: The recontextualisation of the Gospel in Ngugi’s A Grain of Wheat

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    Marijke van Vuuren

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available How might a post-colonial novel by the author of Decolonising the Mind deal with the Christian Gospel, that pillar of Western culture, used for too long to justify European imperialism in Africa and elsewhere? In A Grain of Wheat (1967, Ngugi depicts both the appropriation and betrayal of the Christian message by British colonialists in Kenya. One would expect the remnants of Christianity and its representatives to be waved off with some relief together with the departing government officials. Yet in the novel the Gospel survives; its recontextualisation in Kenyan history the key to its survival. Even before independence the appropriation of the Bible for a political programme is not limited to the colonists: the first freedom fighters are shown to adopt the sacrificial ethic suggested by the novel’s title. This article examines the criteria for the novel’s implicit judgement of Christian theologies and practices, its recontextualisation or “transgressive reinscription" of Biblical narratives, images and models of heroism for the struggle, as well as the ideological shift effected by Ngugi’s revisions of the text nineteen years after its initial publication - a shift in which the Biblical text is wrenched so far from its original context as to render it meaningless for all but his programme.

  16. The Bible Student’s Sacrifice: Gender Fluidity and Consecrated Identity in Evangelical America, 1879-1916

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    Timothy Robert Noddings

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available American feminist scholars have often represented gender in nineteenth-century evangelical Protestantism as a binary conflict between oppositional ‘male’ and ‘female’ categories of identity and experience. Drawing on the theoretical work of Jeanne Boydston, this article argues that gender within evangelical religion is better understood as a ‘system of distinctions’ that could be articulated in a variety of ways, some of which violated the gendered division of masculine/feminine. The American Bible Student movement, as a fervent millennialist organization, demanded that its members sacrifice their individuality to become ‘harvest workers’ for Christ. This sacrifice temporarily provided Students with a degree of freedom to construct spiritual identities that combined ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ signifiers, de-stabilizing the binary meaning of gender. After 1897, a series of internal challenges and schisms re-solidified the gender line, associating stability with the limiting of women’s power within both church and home.

  17. “Glava že vsěm Biblïja”. Le citazioni bibliche nell’opera di H.S. Skovoroda (1722-1794 tra tradizione slava ecclesiastica e cultura barocca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Bartolini

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Innumerable quotations from the Bible permeate all Skovoroda’s writings, and yet no systematic analysis of the philosopher’s biblical quotations (or of his quotations from other ecclesiastical sources has ever been made . In this article I isolate all the biblical quotations incorporated in the dialogue Beseda 1-ja narečennaja Observatorium (Sion, while pointing to their role as a crucial component of the spiritual meaning of the text. It is my contention that Skovoroda’s use of the Bible follows the rhetorical and theological patterns already outlined by R. Picchio in his seminal works on the function of “biblical thematic clues”. On the other hand, the often whimsical distribution of biblical quotations and their complicated linking with one another are to be placed in the Baroque tradition, where, as P. Lewin’s studies on Ukrainian scholastic drama have successfully demonstrated, quotations from the Bible fulfilled stylistic as well as theological functions.

  18. Stages of Geoinformation Evolution Related to the Territories Described in the Bible - from the 3Rd Millennium B.C. to Modern Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linsenbarth, Adam

    2012-09-01

    The paper presents consecutive stages of the evolution of geoinformation related to the territories of the events described in the Bible. Two geoinformation sources are presented: the Bible and non-Bible sources. In the Bible there is much, often some highly detailed information regarding terrain topography. The oldest non-Bible sources are incorporated in the ancient documents, which were discovered in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Some of them are related to the 3rd millen- nium B.C. The further stages are related to the onomasticons and itineraries written by travellers and pilgrims to the Holy Land. The most famous onomasticons include: onomasticons prepared by bishop Eusebius from Caesarea and those pre- pared by St. Jerome. One of the oldest maps of Palestine's territory is the so-called mosaic map of Madaba dated to 565. In the 15th century several Bible maps were edited. The most rapid evolution occurred in the 16th and 17* centuries, when the world famous cartographers such as Mercator and Ortelius edited several maps of Palestine's territory. Cartographers from several European countries edited more than 6,000 maps presenting the Biblical territories and Biblical events. Modem maps, based on detailed topographical surveys, were edited m the second half of the 19* and 20th centuries. W artykule przedstawiono kolejne etapy rozwoju geoinformacji dotyczącej terenówr biblijnych. Omówiono dwa źródła informacji, a mianowicie geoinformacje biblijne i pozabiblijne. W tekstach biblijnych można znaleźć wiele, często bardzo detalicznych informacji topograficznych. Najstarsze źródła pozabiblijne, to starożytne dokumenty odnalezione na terenach Egiptu i Mezopotamii. Niektóre z nich pochodzą z trzeciego milenium przed Chr. Kolejnym etapem geoinformacji były onomastikony oraz dzienniki podróży pisane przez podróżników i pielgrzymów do Ziemi Świętej. Do najbardziej znanych należy onomastikon sporządzony przez biskupa Euzebiusza z Cezarei oraz

  19. The religious and social principles of patients' rights in holy books (Avesta, Torah, Bible, and Quran) and in traditional medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatami, Hossein; Hatami, Maryam; Hatami, Neda

    2013-03-01

    Health protection and promotion in healthy people and restoring patients' health have been the most important themes in medicine and health throughout our history. Therefore, discussion of different aspects of patients' rights includes implementation of these objectives by the medical community, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, etc., and the people in charge of health affairs. The principal objective of our research is the study of medical ideology and the approaches of our ancestors in relation to different aspects of patients' rights. To study the different ideologies of traditional medicine in relation to patients' rights, appropriate data were extracted from the original resources of traditional medicine and from religious books. By means of library research we studied these resources in addition to electronic versions of the Alhavi book (by Rhazes), the Kamel-al-Sanaah (by Ahvazi), the Canon of Medicine (by Avicenna), the Zakhireye Khawrazmshahi (by Jorjani), the Avesta, the Torah, the Bible, the Quran, and many other resources, and, finally, after searching, gathering, and encoding the findings, analyzed them qualitatively for thematic content. The holy Avesta book clearly insists on the competence of physicians and setting the appointment fee in accordance with peoples' income. The Old Testament (holy Torah) warned government officials who did not observe patients' rights. In the four gospels (holy Bible) the importance of treatment and taking care of the patient is stressed. After the emergence of Islam, medical students, before beginning the principal courses, had to study Islamic jurisprudence, ethics, logic sciences, natural sciences, geometry, astrology, calculus, and similar courses so that after purifying their soul they could enter the saintly profession of physicians. The holy Quran refers to saving the life of a human irrespective of social class, race, and religion, and insists on exemption of patients from physical activity, including

  20. 圣经与佛经汉译中的译者与翻译策略比较%A Comparative Study of Translators and Translation Strategies of the Chinese Translation of Bible and Buddhist Scriptures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭金玲

    2015-01-01

    The Chinese translation of Bible and Buddhist Scriptures had a profound impact on Chinese culture. This paper will com⁃pare the translators of and translation strategies adopted in the Chinese translation of Bible and Buddhist Scriptures.%圣经与佛经的汉译对中华文化产生了深远影响,该文从译者和翻译策略两个方面对圣经与佛经汉译进行比较研究,分析其异同。

  1. Romantic Poetry and the Christian Bible%基督教文化在英美文学教学中的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 刘爱琴

    2014-01-01

    作为基督教宗教经典的《圣经》为西方文学提供了丰富的素材和恒久的主题。特别是文学与神学完美结合的19世纪英国浪漫主义诗歌,其文学作品在不同程度上受到基督教《圣经》的熏陶和润泽。只有熟悉掌握基督教《圣经》,才能更好地理解诗人的创作意图和思想内涵。拓宽文学知识,提高欣赏视野。%Considered as the classical works in Christianity, the Bible has a great impact on British and American literature. British romantic poetry was greatly influenced by the Christianity, especially in the 19th century when the poetry was combined by literature and theology. As long as a better understanding of the Bible and Christianity, can the poet's creation intention and thought connotation be better understudied. Thus the literature knowledge and appreciation visual field will be expanded.

  2. On the speciality of Bible in the literature%《圣经》在文学上的独特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周亚华

    2012-01-01

    Bible is special.Firstly,its speciality lies in writing time,place and different languages;secondly,it has been translated in many editions;thirdly,it is prolonged though it is often altered.The character value of Bible includes four points,firstly,the accuracy of character is exemplary;secondly,the diversity of its literary style is brilliant.Thirdly,it has a profound influence on other documents.Fourthly,it provides English learners with rich background information.%《圣经》具有独特性,首先表现在写作时间、写作地点、不同作者、不同文字写作等;其次表现为翻译版本多、发行量大;第三表现在经久不衰和不断遭受改动上。《圣经》的文字价值有四:第一,文字的准确性堪称楷模;第二,文体的多样性灿烂夺目;第三,对其它文献的影响深远;第四,对英语学习者拓展背景知识十分有益。

  3. 1826 Tarihli Grek Harfli Türkçe İncil ile 1827 Tarihli Arap Harfli Türkçe İncil'in Çekim Ekleri Bakımından Karşılaştırılması Comparison of the 1826 Turkish Bible in Greek Characters and the 1827 Turkish Bible in Arabic Characters in terms of Inflectional Affixes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa KILIÇARSLAN

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bible is a holy book that has been, throughout the history, translated several times to Turkish, as well as all other languages of the world. The history of the Turkish translations of the Bible into is nearly as old as the Bibles in English, French and German. It is known that the Bible, also referred to as the New Testament, was initially translated into Ottoman Turkish between the years of 1662 and 1665 by Ali Bey, the head translator of Sultan Mehmed the Fourth (Wojciech Bobowski. In the following years, also printed Turkish translations of the Bible can be seen. The oldest of these was based on the Translation of Ali Bey and was published in 1819, Paris.Besides the translations of the Bible into Ottoman Turkish with Arabic characters, there are also less known translations made with Greek characters. In this study, at first a Greek characters Turkish Bible of 1826 and an Arabic characters Turkish Bible of 1827 were introduced. Then, the two texts were compared in terms of the inflectional affixes in the First Part of the Gospel of Marcos. At this stage the inflectional affixes in both of the texts were compared and it was tried to set forth the case with the provision of sufficient examples. At the end of the study the translations and the facsimiles of the related part of the Bible are presented.Some of the Greek characters Turkish Bible translations the same publication with the Arabic characters Turkish Bible translations. In fact some of the Greek characters Turkish Bible translations accents different from the Arabic characters Turkish bibles translations. In addition to this fact it is well known that Greek characters Turkish bible translations are syntatically shares the same features with the mentioned Arabic ones. Greek characters Turkish Bible which was dated to 1826 is also subject of our study involves Karamanlidika accents features. It is understood in our study that the Greek characters Turkish Bible text is not syntactically

  4. Malachi 4:4−6 (Heb 3:22−24 as a point of convergence in the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible: A consideration of the intra and intertextual relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D. (Fanie Snyman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Malachi 4:4−6 (Heb 3:22−24 occupies a special place in the canon of Scriptures. In Malachi 4:4−6 (Heb 3:22−24 not only the book of Malachi comes to a close but the whole of the Prophets (Nebi’im, and the second part of the Hebrew Bible. In the Christian Bible the book of Malachi is the last book in the Old Testament, which is concluded with this passage, before one turns to the New Testament. In this article it was argued the these three verses serve not only as the conclusion to the book of Malachi but also as a fitting close to the second part of the Hebrew Bible. It also serves as a link to both the Pentateuch as the first part, and the Psalms as the third part, of the Hebrew canon of Scriptures. In this sense Malachi 4:4−6 (Heb 3:22−24 can be viewed as a point of convergence in the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible.

  5. Cloud Computing Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Sosinsky, Barrie

    2010-01-01

    The complete reference guide to the hot technology of cloud computingIts potential for lowering IT costs makes cloud computing a major force for both IT vendors and users; it is expected to gain momentum rapidly with the launch of Office Web Apps later this year. Because cloud computing involves various technologies, protocols, platforms, and infrastructure elements, this comprehensive reference is just what you need if you'll be using or implementing cloud computing.Cloud computing offers significant cost savings by eliminating upfront expenses for hardware and software; its growing popularit

  6. Photoshop CC bible

    CERN Document Server

    Dayley, Lisa DaNae

    2013-01-01

    The one reference book every Photoshop user needs! Adobe Photoshop is the industry leading image-editing software, and the newest version boasts exciting new features. This must-have comprehensive resource gets you started with the basics and then highlights the latest updates and revisions to the new Photoshop CC (Creative Cloud). You'll learn every aspect of Photoshop CC, from image editing basics to techniques for working with the histogram palette, Lens Blur, Match Color, and the color replacement tool, as well as keyboard shortcuts. Explores retouching and color correction, working

  7. Excel 2010 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Walkenbach, John

    2010-01-01

    A comprehensive reference to the newest version of the world's most popular spreadsheet application: Excel 2010 John Walkenbach's name is synonymous with excellence in computer books that decipher complex technical topics. Known as ""Mr. Spreadsheet,"" Walkenbach shows you how to maximize the power of all the new features of Excel 2010. An authoritative reference, this perennial bestseller proves itself indispensable no matter your level of skill, from Excel beginners and intermediate users to power users and potential power users everywhere. Fully updated for the new release, this

  8. The Bible of Confucianism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xin

    2013-01-01

    The "Analects" is the most influential and enduring Chinese classics, which shows its splendor as early as 2,400 years ago between the spring and autumn and the warring states periods, covering a wide scope of subjects from politics, philosophy, literature and art to the education and moral cultivation. To the translator, the most…

  9. Leprosy in the Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Nita, Małgorzata

    2016-01-01

    For many years, the biblical term tzaraat has referred to leprosy. In fact, the disease or diseases described under this name have no relationship to leprosy, as it was known in the Middle Ages or today; moreover, the term referred not only to skin disease, but also to the state of the ritual impurity and punishment for the sins. Although the real nature of tzaraat remains unknown, the differential diagnosis might include the following: Psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, favus, dermatophyte infections, nummular dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, crusted scabies, syphilis, impetigo, sycosis barbae, alopecia areata, furuncles, scabies, neurodermatitis, scarlet fever, lupus erythematosus, lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, folliculitis decalvans, morphea, sarcoidosis, and lichen planopilaris. Leprosy became interchangeable with the biblical leprosy due to two inaccurate translations: The Hebrew tzaraat was first translated into Greek as leprosy in the sixth century, and later, the word leprosy was translated into Arabic as lepra in the ninth century.

  10. Dreamweaver CS6 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Lowery, Joseph W

    2012-01-01

    Thoroughly covers the latest version of the leading website development software Web designers rely on Dreamweaver to create functional, attractive websites quickly and efficiently. The newest version adds some important functionality for tablet and smart phone screens, HTML5 enhancements, CSS3 updates, and native mobile application development for iOS, Android, and other platforms. This comprehensive guide covers them all and much more, making it the complete course in Dreamweaver for new users as well as a vital guide to help experienced designers delve deeper into more advanced topics. Co

  11. 论库切小说对《圣经》原型的置换变形%On the Replacement and Transfiguration of Archetypes of The Bible in Coetzee' s novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹原

    2012-01-01

    Taking Frye' s archetypal theory for support, and the Bible and Coetzee' s novels as prototypes, the paper discusses the new development of Coetzee' s archetypal study of the Bible, thus exploring the religious implication in his novels.%文章以弗莱的原型理论为依托,以《圣经》以及库切的小说为蓝本,通过分析库切小说对《圣经》原型的置换变形,探讨库切对《圣经》原型的新发展,从而挖掘出库切小说中隐含的宗教意蕴。

  12. Music, singing and dancing in relation to the use of the harp and the ram’s horn or shofar in the Bible: What do we know about this?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morakeng E.K. Lebaka

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available There are many possible approaches to describing the effects and uses of music in a particular society. It would be a mistake to assume that music in the Bible is not the cement of social life and has no liturgical significance. The present study seeks to explore how people in ancient times employed music using the harp and the ram’s horn (shofar, to cope with roles that were open or never-ending in their demands. In particular, it focuses upon the role played by music in secular life as well as religious rituals, as described in the Bible. The method used was an extensive literature study of the Old and New Testament, textbooks and relevant peer reviewed journals, with a focus on both secular and religious reasons for singing, dancing and playing instruments. It was found that the Bible described the use of the harp and the ram’s horn associated with singing and dancing during celebrations, for military use, as well as mourning or lamentation. It was concluded that music using different instruments, including the harp and shofar, helped people to cope with the demands of everyday life and thus played an important role in both secular life and religious rituals in biblical times.

  13. On Introducing the Culture of the"Bible"into College English Teaching%浅探大学英语教学中引入《圣经》文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史莹

    2016-01-01

    《圣经》是西方文明的源头,其对西方文化的影响涉及到各个领域。学习英语的人如果对《圣经》文化一无所知,就很可能对西方文化一知半解,陷入盲人摸象的境地。现在的大学英语教材中,很多成语、典故、文化现象都出自《圣经》,为了更好地了解西方文化,学好英语,笔者认为在大学英语教学中引入《圣经》文化是很有必要的。%The"Bible"is the source of Western civilization, and its impact on Western culture involves all fields. Learning English without knowledge of the culture of the"Bible", it is likely to have a smattering of knowledge of western culture, in the blind men and the elephant situation. Now in College English textbooks, many idioms, allusions, cultural phenomenon from in the"Bible", in order to have a better understanding of western culture, learn English better, I believe that the introduction of"Biblical"culture in College English teaching is very necessary.

  14. On the Jewish Nature of Medieval Spanish Biblical Translations Linguistic Differences between Medieval and Post-Exilic Spanish Translations of the Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schwarzwald, Ora

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A linguistic comparison of medieval Spanish translations of the Hebrew Bible and the Constantinople and Ferrara post exilic Ladino translations reveals systematic lexical and grammatical variations. These differences can be explained by the population groups to which the translations were targeted: Christian for the medieval translations; Jewish (or former converso for the post-exilic ones. The conclusion is that the medieval translations are not Jewish in nature and could therefore not have been a source for the post-exilic versions which were based on oral tradition.

    Una comparación lingüística de las traducciones hispano-medievales de la Biblia hebrea y las postexílicas de Constantinopla y Ferrara revela variaciones sistemáticas léxicas y gramaticales. Esas diferencias pueden explicarse por la audiencia a las que iban dirigidas dichas traducciones: cristiana, en el caso de las medievales; judía (o exconversa en el de las post-exílicas. La autora concluye que las traducciones medievales no son judías, por naturaleza, y en consecuencia, no podrían haber sido una fuente para las versiones post-exílicas que estaban basadas en la tradición oral.

  15. CEDAW, the Bible and the State of the Netherlands: the struggle over orthodox women’s political participation and their responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Oomen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The case of the SGP essentially concerned the question whether the Netherlands should take measures against a Bible-based political party that bars women from its list of candidates. Against the theoretical background of human rights sociology, the rise of rights as a framework for moral discussions and the role of NGOs in rights implementation, this article assesses how ‘rights talk’, in particular based upon the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, became the language in which the discussion over orthodox women’s political rights came to be framed in the Netherlands. It makes use of extensive quantitative and qualitative data to assess how this particular form of rights realization – via court cases lodged by outside NGOs – impacted upon discussions within the communities concerned, particularly amongst the women themselves. It argues that this particular form of rights realization can also have undesired effects, such as reinforcing more conservative positions and strengthening a general sense of isolation from society and relates these findings to more general discussions on ‘talking rights’ in a context of religious diversity.

  16. 柏拉图神话诠释思想与《圣经》解经传统的内在关联∗%Internal relationship between Plato’ s thoughts of mythology interpretation and tradition of Bible interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    诠释学思想起源于古希腊时期,柏拉图作为古希腊传统诠释思想的重要代表,通过对神话的诠释形成了神话诠释思想。而中世纪解经学家则是在古希腊哲学发展的基础上,通过对《圣经》的诠释形成了解经传统。从历史的传承性来看,柏拉图神话诠释思想与《圣经》解经传统存在着深刻的内在关联,揭示这种内在关联,有助于把握诠释学传统的历史渊源及演化方向。%Hermeneutics thoughts were originated in ancient Greece. As an important representative of traditional thoughts of interpretation in ancient Greece, Plato formed the thoughts of mythology interpretation through interpreting mythology. However, the medieval exegetics formed the tradition of the Bible interpretation through interpreting the Bible, which is based on the development of philosophy in ancient Greece. From the perspective of inheritance of history, profound internal connection exists between Plato’ s thoughts of mythology interpretation and tradition of the Bible interpretation. It will benefit grasping the historical origin and evolution direction of hermeneutical tradition to reveal the internal connection.

  17. 《圣经》原型对《呼啸山庄》的影响%Bible's Effect on Wuthering Heights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王喆

    2014-01-01

    《圣经》中的基督教思想对西方文学的影响早已根深蒂固。艾米莉·勃朗特对来自神话文学原型的创造性利用,使得读者对她的小说《呼啸山庄》在心理上得到了一个最佳的审美距离。她笔下的希斯克利夫和凯瑟琳正在经历着当年亚当和夏娃那般守乐园的欢乐和失乐园的阵痛,正在步人类始祖复乐园的艰辛道路的后尘。《呼啸山庄》以其深情的笔墨向读者展示了一幅人类远古历史的现实画卷。在科学和宗教竞争日益激烈的今天,人们正在或已经失去了自己的伊甸园。%Christian thought in The Bible has been deeply-seated in shaping western cultural tradition and Emily Bronte has made readers'psychology aesthetically close to her novel Wuthering Height by using biblical myth and lit -erature archetypes in creative ways .The hero Heathcliff and the heroin Catherine , like Adam and Eve , have been go-ing through the joys in Paradise Holden , the sorrows in Paradise Lost and the arduous paths in Paradise Regained . The novel drew a realistic picture of ancient human history through passionate descriptions .Today science and reli-gion are becoming increasingly competitive and our imaginative Garden of Eden is slipping from our grasp .

  18. On the parody of holy bible in the Ulysses%《尤利西斯》中的戏仿现象探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峥

    2015-01-01

    乔伊斯通过使用圣经戏仿,或直接引用,或采用反讽的手法,加强了《尤利西斯》戏谑风格,重塑现代西方人扭曲空虚的心态。由于小说思想与主人公间的冲突性,《尤利西斯》与《圣经》间的关联性变得晦涩难懂。本文以乔伊斯的原版《尤利西斯》(1986年出版),萧乾、文洁若翻译(1994年出版)和金隄翻译(1994及1996年出版)的中译本为研究文本,对其进行研究。试图通过解析《尤利西斯》对《圣经》的戏仿,从而更好地理解乔伊斯的原本意图。%James Joyce used many biblical allusions in Ulysses directly or indirectly. The use of biblical parody in Ulysses also serves as James Joyce’s important approach to portray its characters and to expound the theme, thus to construct a conflict between ancient European culture and modern spiritual waste land. With the contradictions of thoughts and characters, the link between Ulysses and the Bible seems complicated and confusing. To explore the meaning of biblical parody of Ulysses and get a better understanding of Joyce’s intention, this research focuses on the original text of Ulysses written by Joyce (published in 1986) and two Chinese versions translated by Xiao Qian&Wen Jieruo (published in 1994) and Jin Di (published in 1994 and 1996).

  19. A Tentative Analysis of the Establishment of Bible as a Canon based on the Binary Framework%基于二元架构下对如何建构《圣经》正典地位的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉堂

    2011-01-01

    《圣经》是信徒心目中无可比拟的正典。但《圣经》之基本架构仍是建立在二元对立之上的。《圣经》故事中对女人的轻视及对其角色的歪曲是对个体生命价值压制的一种极端表现。在代表着人的原欲的对立面——极端化了的人的理性——的上帝的授意下男人有幸成为上帝意志的贯彻者,而女人的形象则体现了原罪、边缘化和附属品的角色。对女人在《圣经》中角色的不同阐释是男人、宗教势力和圣经信徒的不同所在,这种二元视角即使在20世纪其他领域也不乏例证。从所谓信徒和异教徒之争等也可以看出,对待《圣经》的真正态度是以爱和宽容为根基的,《圣经》在人们心中的正典地位的确立必须走出非此即彼的二元怪圈更是当务之急。%Generally,Bible is regarded as the only holy scripture to believers of mankind.However,its framework is made up of binary elements.In Biblical stories,an extreme reflection is shown as the negligence of women and their values.The extreme representative of human reason-God-has managed to manipulate human fate.But women s image stands for the original sin,marginality and subordinations.The various evaluations to women in Bible have exposed differences among men,religious powers and different believers.From different perspectives between believers and heresy,it is evident that Bible is based on love and tolerance,there is no doubt that Bible must go beyond the deep-rooted binary argument.

  20. 从《圣经·创世纪》看文学人类学的必要性和可能性%Study on the Necessity and Probability of Literary Anthropology from Genesis oBible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙仙艳

    2012-01-01

    Literary anthropology, given different perspectives, is subdivided into literary anthropology and anthropology of literature. With the focus on literary anthropology and Genesis oBible as a case study, a research is carried out on the necessity and probability of literary anthropology.%文学人类学由于切入视角不同,可以分为文学人类学和文学的人类学两个平行的分支,从文学人类学出发,以《圣经·创世纪》为个案探讨文学人类学的必要性和可能性。

  1. TITLE: Les Chants de Maldoror and The Bible trough the Bestiary Iconography. TÍTULO: Les Chants de Maldoror y La Biblia a través de la iconografía bestiaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Moure Pazos

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: In this article we show that the main work of the Count of Lautréamont, "Les Chants de Maldoror2, has been largely gestated under the influence of the great prophetic book: the judeo-christian "Bible". This was evidenced more clearly through the Count´s bestiary. The purpose of this iconographyc alteration is the creation of a reversed Bible whose ultimate goal is the teofobia and, as we shall see, the deicide practice.. RESUMEN: Con este artículo se pretende demostrar que, la principal obra del Conde de Lautréamont, "Les Chants de Maldoror", ha sido, en gran medida, gestada al amparo del gran libro profético: La "Biblia" judeocristiana. Esto se evidenciará de una manera más clara a través de su bestiario. La finalidad de esta alteración iconográfica será la creación de una Biblia revertida cuyo fin último es la teofobia y, como veremos, la práctica deicida..

  2. INTEGRATING THE BIBLE CULTURE EDUCATION,IMPROVING OVERALL CULTURAL LITERACY%融入《圣经》文化教育,提高综合文化素养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    语言与文化不可分割,语言是文化的载体,文化是语言的的基座。学习语言必须了解语言中所承载的文化。《圣经》不仅仅是一部经典的英语文学著作,也是英语语言和英语文化的源泉,《圣经》文化与大学英语教学关系密切。在大学英语教学实践中融入圣经文化教育、提高学生英语综合文化素养是实现《大学英语课程教学要求》之关键。%Language and culture are inseparable;language is the carrier of culture,in turn,culture is the base of the language.One has to learn the culture for learning a foreign language well.Bible is the source of the English language and culture as well as a classic literature works.The Bible culture is closely related to the College English teaching and studying.For the implementation of College English Curriculum Requir-ement and the improvement of college students′ integrated qualities,the trick is to integrate the Bilbe culture education into the College English practice.

  3. Adobe Photoshop CS6 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Dayley, Brad

    2012-01-01

    The comprehensive, soup-to-nuts guide to Photoshop, fully updated Photoshop CS6, used for both print and digital media, is the industry leader in image-editing software. The newest version adds some exciting new features, and this bestselling guide has been revised to cover each of them, along with all the basic information you need to get started. Learn to use all the tools, including the histogram palette, Lens Blur, Match Color, and the color replacement tool, as well as keyboard shortcuts. Then master retouching and color correction, work with Camera Raw images, prepare photos for print

  4. PowerPoint 2013 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Wempen, Faithe

    2013-01-01

    Master PowerPoint and improve your presentation skills with one book! In today's business climate, you need to know PowerPoint inside and out, and that's not all. You also need to be able to make a presentation that makes an impact. From using sophisticated transitions and animation in your PowerPoint presentations to interfacing in person with your audience, this information-packed book helps you succeed. Start creating professional-quality slides that captivate audiences and discover essential tips and techniques for making first-rate presentations, whether you're at a podium or

  5. SolidWorks Administration Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Lombard, Matt

    2009-01-01

    What you need to prepare, install, and maintain SolidWorks. It's not enough to know how to use SolidWorks, if your job also requires you to install or maintain it, train new users, and implement standards. This in-depth guide was written for those of you who have to actually manage your company's SolidWorks system. From hardware selection to helping users to licensing and more, this is the everyday, bread-and-butter SolidWorks administration resource that IT and CAD managers have been seeking.:; SolidWorks is a powerful 3D solid modeling system that is popular with CAD users everywhere, but of

  6. The Land of the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    David was seven when he and his family moved to the village of Beersheba in Israel.He would never forget that first evening.His father's hand resting on his shoulder...his mother looking out across the strange, dry, rocky land.

  7. The Bible Makes a Comeback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

    2007-01-01

    A growing number of educators are restoring the study of the ancient text in public schools, where it enjoyed a revered place in the curriculum starting in Colonial times and was still widely used through the first half of the 20th century. The legal challenges to religious content and ritual in public schools began with prohibitions in the late…

  8. Origin of the ``Ocean Bible"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munk, W. H.

    2002-12-01

    ``The Oceans" is such a landmark for Sverdrup and the Scripps Institution that one ought to take a look at how it came about. The book came very close to NOT being written. Sverdrup was about to decline an invitation by Prentice Hall when his secretary persuaded him to accept. The contract called for 500-600 pages, it ended up with 1087 pages. Royalty was 10% (\\$0.27 to each author for the copy I purchased in 1943). Sverdrup had estimated a market of 550 copies. By the end of 1965 23,766 copies of the American edition alone had been sold. The book was completed in the early war years under very trying conditions for Sverdrup personally. When it did appear in print, a year after Pearl Harbor, the distribution was restricted to the continental United States because ``...it would be of great aid to the enemy should it fall into his hands." The book carries the mark of Sverdrup's lifelong emphasis on the synthesis of observations: ``we have preferred definite statements to mere enumeration of uncorrelated observations and conflicting interpretations." The result was a coherent presentation of ocean science, a remarkable achievement considering how badly the ocean was undersampled. I will describe my experience as a willing listener while Sverdrup was contemplating of how to organize Chapter XV: The Water Masses and Currents of the Oceans.

  9. OS X Mountain Lion bible

    CERN Document Server

    Gruman, Galen

    2012-01-01

    The complete guide to Mac OS X, fully updated for the newest release! The Mac's solid, powerful operating system and the exploding popularity of iOS devices are fueling a strong increase in market share for Apple. Previous editions of this book have sold more than 75,000 copies, and this new edition is fully updated with all the exciting features of OS X Mountain Lion, including Game Center, Messages, and Notifications. Written by industry expert Galen Gruman, it covers all the basics and then delves deep into professional and higher-end topics, making it the one book you need to succeed with

  10. 《圣经》、中国现代文学与跨文化交流%Bible,Modern Chinese Literature and Intercultural Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马立安·高利克[斯洛伐克; 刘燕(译)

    2016-01-01

    After the West European and Chinese cultures met at the end of the 16th and during the two next centuries , there developed a conflict of cultures. For the first time in history , two religiously , philosophically ,and linguistically very different worlds come into contact. The Chinese men of letters reached for the Bible as a source of inspiration or an object of creative and critical only in the time around the May Fourth Movement in 1919. Both Chinese writers who wrote on biblical subjects were influenced by Christianity may be divided into two groups:one is smaller group,consisting of the members which had had good experience with Christianity;and the second one where the impact of the last was chiefly negative. It is a pity that the New Testament lacks something comparable to the mythologem of Jacob ’s ladder ,forming a bridge between the countries where the missionaries came from and the countries where they spread the biblical teaching. Mythological ladders were always constructed in a simple way. The“ladders”of international communication and understanding are necessarily much more complicated and should be constructed according to the different systems and structural entities coming into direct contact with each other.%16世纪末,西欧文化与中国文化这两个在宗教、哲学以及语言等方面截然不同的世界有史以来首次直面相遇,在此后的两个世纪中,却引发了东西文化的持续而激烈的冲突。直到1919年“五四运动”前后,中国作家才把《圣经》视为灵感、创造和批评的源头。受到基督教影响、改写《圣经》题材的中国(男女)作家可划分为两类:一类是对基督教信仰——及其制度——有所体验的人,人数较少;另一类人则对基督教持有消极负面的印象,人数众多。令人遗憾的是,从知识分子的交流与理解来看,《新约》缺少一种与“雅各的梯子”类似的神话,作为

  11. Les éditions de la Bible historiale. Présentation et catalogue raisonné d’éditions de la première moitié du xvie siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eléonore Fournié

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce catalogue propose, pour la première fois, l’ensemble des éditions de la Bible historiale conservées à travers le monde. Répertorié par ordre alphabétique de ville, chaque ouvrage fait l’objet d’une notice détaillée présentant l’origine géographique de fabrication, la date d’édition, le type de support (vélin, papier, le nombre de feuillets, les dimensions, l’éditeur et les éventuels imprimeurs, les illustrations et le contenu. Une bibliographie, les expositions où l’édition a pu être présentée et la liste des bois gravés – selon une nomenclature normée – sont également fournies. Le catalogue est complété par un article de présentation de cette production éditoriale majeure de la première moitié du xvie siècle.This catalogue presents, for the time, the overall editions of the Bible historiale preserved over the world. Classified in alphabetical order of the town, each exemplar is the subject of detailed note presenting the geographic origin, the date of edition, the support type (velum, paper, the number of leafs, the dimensions, the publisher and possibly the printer, the illustrations and the contents. A bibliography, the list of the exhibitions where the edition could have been presented and the list of the woodcuts – following a normative nomenclature – are also given. This catalogue is completed by a presentation of this editorial production in the literature of the first half of the XVIth century.

  12. 试析《圣经·诗篇》中几首诗歌的生态伦理思想%Analysis of Ecological Ethics from the Bible Psalm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栗仕超

    2011-01-01

    The Bible is one of the origins of western traditional culture.There are a lot of valuable thoughts in it,especially the ecological ideas.It thinks that human and nature are mutually dependent and the relationship between god,man and nature are harmonious and unified.These are precious spiritual heritage to cope with the ecological crisis for us.%《圣经》是西方传统文化的源头之一,它所蕴含的大自然是有价值的,人类与自然万物相互联系、相互依赖以及上帝、人与自然万物都是和谐统一的整体等生态伦理思想是非常丰富的,探讨这些思想对当代人应对生态危机提供了宝贵的精神支撑。

  13. Historia del cultivo de la vid y el vino; su expresión en la Biblia [The history of wine and the growing of grapes; as expressed in the Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Melero Martínez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Para entender el valor de la vid y del vino en la Biblia es necesario conocer antes su cultivo; para ello, el presente artículo pretende, primero, adentrar al lector en la historia del vino y de la situación actual de la vid, así como su morfología y fenología para, posteriormente, centrarse en el significado de la vid y el vino en las Sagradas Escrituras.La importancia de la vid es extraordinaria, no solamente porque las uvas constituyan uno de los frutos más apreciados, sino porque el mayor valor de las uvas es la elaboración del vino. Además, la vid y el vino están ampliamente citados en las Sagradas Escrituras. A través de sus numerosas menciones, se puede contemplar la importancia que tenía la vid y el vino, ambos imprescindibles para aquellos pueblos. La vid es un importante símbolo cristiano, especialmente en cuanto produce el vino que es la imagen de la alegría, la fiesta, el derroche y también del conocimiento. La palabra traducida “vino” en las Escrituras no siempre se refiere a la misma cosa. Hay diferentes palabras hebreas y griegas y, varias de ellas, se refieren a diferentes cosas. Mediante la realización de este artículo, se pretende dar a conocer al lector estos vocablos en la Biblia.  Abstract:To understand the value of the grapevines and wine in the Bible it is necessary to know its culture first; this article aims to get the reader involved in the history of wine and the current status of grapevines, as well as their morphology and phenology, to focus the attention on the meaning of the grapevines and wine in the Holy Scriptures later.The importance of grapevines is extraordinary; not only because grapes are one of the most popular kinds of fruit, but because the highest value of grapes is wine making. Furthermore, he vine and wine are widely quoted in the Holy Scriptures. Through it’s numerous references, you can notice the importance attached to the vine and wine, both essential for those

  14. 浅析《了不起的盖茨比》中的《圣经》原型文化%The Archetypal Culture Analysis of The Great Gatsb in The Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王寅; 王彬

    2015-01-01

    美国著名小说家菲茨杰拉德的代表作《了不起的盖茨比》以凄美的爱情故事为主线,在环环紧扣且层层深入的情节发展中,揭示了在20世纪美国经济大萧条背景下,经济的残破对人们的梦想、爱情乃至整个人生的摧残。自菲茨杰拉德复兴热潮席卷全球伊始,他本人连同这部作品也广泛受到学者的关注。本文运用弗莱的原型理论,从象征内涵、人物内涵、结构内涵三个方面对作品中的《圣经》原型文化进行分析。%The Great Gatsby is the representative works of Fitzgerald , who was one of the hottest writers in American literary world .Tak-ing the poignant love story as the main line , the great work revealed that the economic crisis had broken the people ’ s dream, love and e-ven the whole life under the background of the great depression of the 20th century in the United States through complicated plot develo-ping .When“The Revival of Fitzgerald” has swept the globe , he himself and his work are also widely fascinated by scholars .This thesis attempts to use the archetypal criticism put forward by Northrop Frye to probe into the works of the “Archetypal Culture” in The Bible, including the connotation of symbols , character and structure .

  15. “道成肉身”与神话思维《圣经》的一种隐喻解读%Incarnation and Myth Thinking ——A Metaphorical Analysis of the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    相龙烽; 张奎志

    2011-01-01

    《圣经》作为基督教的经典著作,其中包含了大量而深刻的隐喻思维。其中最显著的当属“道成肉身”与“神话思维”这两种相互关联的隐喻思维方式。“道成肉身”从源头上确立了上帝存在的合法性,解决了人类与上帝之间的“信”的问题,同时表明了“道”的真实与具体内容;而“神话思维”则从思维方式上对上帝之爱进行了合理的化解,深刻隐喻出上帝把爱撒播给众人的过程,是把爱的精神化为善的行动的过程,进而从理性逻辑上使这一行动具备了超越悬设的现实性与可实践性。%As a classical Christian masterpiece, the Bible includes a large number of profound metaphorical thinking. Among them the most notable aspects are the " Incarnation" and "myth thinking". " Incarnation" makes the existence of God legal basically, solves the problem of faithfulness between human beings and God, at the same time indicates the truth and concrete content of Tao; " Myth thinking" interprets reasonably the love of God from the way of thinking, expresses deeply the process that how the god spreads his love to his people, and how he changes his love into action, thus makes the action fulfill the reality and practicality.

  16. 《玛纳斯》第一部与《圣经·出埃及记》基于史诗视角之比较研究%The Comparison of the First Part of Manas and The Bible, Exodus Based on the Perspective of the Epic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文华

    2015-01-01

    As a living epic of the Kirgiz, Manas is one of China's three ethnic minority epic, the first is the essence of the whole epic; The Bible, exodus as a Jewish religious history, is the most epic temperament part of The Bible , the two works in the heroic epic poem point of view, there are a lot of motif can be compared to each other. This paper is focused on the basis of this, the research status and significance of the research on the two works, the Savior, the motif of the young heroes, love and marriage and religious motif motif are compared in detail, in addition to further our understanding of The Bible, Exodus universal symbolic significance, but also confirms the Kirgiz epic Manas great, and East and West literature commonality.%《玛纳斯》是中国三大少数民族史诗之一,是柯尔克孜族的一部活态史诗,其第一部是整套史诗的精华;《圣经·出埃及记》是犹太人的宗教历史传奇,是《圣经》中最具史诗气质的一个部分,两部作品从英雄史诗的角度来说,有很多母题可以互相比较。因此,笔者在两部作品目前研究现状的基础上,对其中的救世主母题、少年英雄母题、爱情婚姻母题和宗教影响母题进行了细致的比较,进一步了解《圣经·出埃及记》普遍象征意义和柯尔克孜族史诗《玛纳斯》的伟大,以及东西方文学的共通性。

  17. Windows PowerShell 20 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Thomas; Schill, Mark E; Tanasovski, Tome

    2011-01-01

    Here's the complete guide to Windows PowerShell 2.0 for administrators and developers Windows PowerShell is Microsoft's next-generation scripting and automation language. This comprehensive volume provides the background that IT administrators and developers need in order to start using PowerShell automation in exciting new ways. It explains what PowerShell is, how to use the language, and specific ways to apply PowerShell in various technologies. Windows PowerShell is Microsoft's standard automation tool and something that every Windows administrator will eventually have to understand; this b

  18. Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Richard

    2011-01-01

    The authoritative guide to Linux command line and shell scripting?completely updated and revised [it's not a guide to Linux as a whole ? just to scripting] The Linux command line allows you to type specific Linux commands directly to the system so that you can easily manipulate files and query system resources, thereby permitting you to automate commonly used functions and even schedule those programs to run automatically. This new edition is packed with new and revised content, reflecting the many changes to new Linux versions, including coverage of alternative shells to the default bash shel

  19. Ubuntu Linux Bible Featuring Ubuntu 1004 LTS

    CERN Document Server

    Von Hagen, William

    2010-01-01

    The best resource on the very latest for Ubuntu and Kubuntu users! Ubuntu is a free, open-source, Linux-based operating system that can run on desktops, laptops, netbooks, and servers. If you've joined the millions of users around the world who prefer open-source OS-and Ubuntu in particular-this book is perfect for you

  20. Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Kinkoph Gunter, Sherry; Kettell, Greg

    2009-01-01

    Written by an expert in the field of technology training and author of nearly two dozen titles, this complete guide offers readers thorough yet clear instruction on using the Microsoft Office suite: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and EntourageApple has welcomed Microsoft Office into its world and this reference is the ultimate resource for learning how to best capitalize on each application of OfficeReviews creating, editing, formatting, and sharing digital documents with Word; gathering and analyzing information with Excel; creating dynamic presentations with PowerPoint; and using the e-mail and ca

  1. Autodesk 3ds Max 2013 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Murdock, Kelly L

    2012-01-01

    Updated version of the bestselling 3ds Max book on the market Autodesk 3ds Max is top animation software used by developers, visual effects artists, and graphic designers in film, television, and the game industry. One place designers turn for crucial information on how to use 3ds Max is this in-depth book. Whether you're a beginner just itching to create something right away or an experienced user checking out the latest and greatest features, you'll find it here. See what's new, what's tried and true, and just how creative you can get using the tips, tricks, and techniques in this essential

  2. ActionScript 3.0 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Braunstein, Roger

    2010-01-01

    The updated edition on all the latest features and capabilities of ActionScript 3.0 and Flash Player 10. ActionScript is a popular programming language used primarily for the development of Web sites and software. This update to the successful previous version introduces you to all the exciting new capabilities of ActionScript 3.0. You'll see how ActionScript 3.0 goes beyond its primary use of scripting Flash animations and is now an object-oriented evolution that runs ten times faster than previous versions and can be used in Adobe's new platforms, including Flex and AIR. Hands-on instruction

  3. Autodesk 3ds Max 2014 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Murdock, Kelly L

    2013-01-01

    A complete reference covering the newest version of 3ds Max software Autodesk 3ds Max is the popular 3D modeling, animation, rendering, and compositing software preferred by game developers and graphic designers in film and television. This comprehensive reference not only introduces beginners to this pricey and complex software, but also serves as a reference for experienced users. Packed with expert advice from popular author Kelly Murdock, it begins with a Quick Start tutorial to get you up and running, then continues with more than 150 step-by-step tutorials, advanced coverage, and plenty

  4. A Comparative Study onMeige,Chamu andTheBible •Genesis from the Perspective of Archetypal Criticism%原型批评视野下的《梅葛》《查姆》与《圣经·创世纪》对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉芬; 袁秀萍

    2016-01-01

    《梅葛》《查姆》与《圣经·创世纪》虽是隶属不同国家、不同民族的史诗,但都反映了远古人类在同恶劣自然环境斗争中形成的“集体无意识”,是人类祖先社会早期生活的遗迹再现,也被称为“原始意象”或“原型”。借助原型批评理论,对比研究《圣经·创世纪》与彝族史诗《梅葛》《查姆》创世的异同,解读希伯来先民和彝族先民的“集体无意识”。同时,从文化差异的角度阐释二者的差异性。%AlthoughMeige, Chamu andTheBible •Genesis belong to epics of different countries and different nations, they all relfect the “collective unconsciousness” of the ancient people who ifght against the harsh natural environment. The “collective unconsciousness”, also known as the “archetype” or “prototype”, is the reproduction of the relics of an early human ancestors’ social life. With the help of archetypal criticism, the paper makes a comparative study on the similarities and the differences onTheBible •Genesis and Yi epicMeige,Chamu in terms of creation of the world, discusses the “collective unconsciousness” of the Hebrew ancestors and Yi ancestors and at the same time explains the differences between the two from the perspective of cultural differences.

  5. 世俗人生经验的智性表达——《圣经·箴言》与《增广贤文》之比较%The Rational Expression of Secular Life Experience——A Comparison between Proverbs in the Holly Bible and The Wisdom of Ancient Aphorisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张登林

    2012-01-01

    The Proverbs in the Holly Bible and The Wisdom of Ancient Aphorisms both are secularly prominent and rational texts.As a result of different cultural backgrounds,The Proverbs can become part of the Holly Bible and pass down from one generation to another,which shows that Hebrew,even the whole western world,are quite enthusiastic about secular lives.However,The Wisdom of Ancient Aphorisms,a work of sermons,has never been accepted by the dominant Chinese culture although it focus on Confucianism and popular among the populace.By the comparison between the two works,we can get a lot of enlightenment in many respects.Especially,the sermons about the secular lives and secular life principles in the two books are worth thinking about and studying.%从现实的角度看,《圣经》中的《箴言》与我国民间流传的《增广贤文》都是世俗性因素极为显著的"智慧性"文本。由于文化背景的不同,《箴言》可以收入"旧约"《圣经》作为经典流传下来,说明希伯来民族乃至整个西方世界都有着较高的关注世俗生活的热情;而《增广贤文》这种日常生活训诫类书的主导价值取向虽是儒家思想,但却长期流传于民间而不能登大雅之堂。通过对二者的比照,我们可以得到多方面的启示,特别是两书对于世俗生活的热情关注和世俗生活原则的训诫教诲,值得我们认真思考和研究。

  6. Difference and similarity of interpretation thoughts in China and western countries in classical texts from perspective of “Tao produced”and “God said”:a case of Tao Te Ching and Bible%从“道生”与“神说”看中西经典诠释思想之异同∗--以《道德经》和《圣经》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王骏

    2015-01-01

    在西方诠释传统中,《圣经》作为一种神圣文本是中世纪诠释学的焦点所在,对神圣文本的理解与解释具有代表性意义;而中国古代《道德经》中的诠释思想则是中国诠释传统的典型。以《圣经》中的“神说”与《道德经》中的“道生”作为两部经典中的核心线索,对比分析两者的相通性和差异性,进而揭示中西经典诠释思想的异同,有助于厘清中西诠释思想不同的发展方向。%In western hermeneutics tradition, Bible is the focus of hermeneutics in medieval era as a sacred text, of which the understanding and interpretation have representative significance;while in ancient China, the interpretation thoughts in Tao Te Ching are the equivalence as a typical sample of Chinese hermeneutical tradition. Taking “God said” in Bible and “Tao produced” in Tao Te Ching as key clues of the two classics, the similarities and differences of them are compared and analyzed, the differences and similarities of interpretation thoughts in China and western countries in classics are revealed, which can help to clarify the different development directions of interpretation thoughts in China and western countries.

  7. 经典互文与文学想象:《失乐园》对《圣经·创世记》的传承与超越%Classics’ intertextuality and literary imagination:Milton’s inheritance and transcendence of Genesis of the Bible in Paradise Lost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李滟波

    2015-01-01

    《失乐园》对《圣经》的传承与超越表现在经典互文与文学想象这两个方面。就经典互文而言,《失乐园》第7、9、10卷在情节、题材和主题上与《创世记》第1-3章构成尤为显性而密集的互文指涉,主要显现于弥尔顿对《创世记》文本大量且大胆的引用和转述;就文学想象而论,史诗对上帝所造之物的拟人化和具体化描写丰富了创世造人情节;对亚当夏娃尝食禁果前后内心活动的细致刻画和对人类堕落带给大自然伤害的艺术化呈现拓展了人类堕落题材;关于亚当夏娃对待惩罚之态度与认识的诗性描写深化了罪与罚主题。通过经典互文,史诗传承了《圣经》原有的宗教文本内涵;通过文学想象,诗人赋予《失乐园》独特的宗教审美意蕴。经典互文与文学想象共同成就了《失乐园》永恒的经典地位。%Milton’s inheritance and transcendence of Genesis of the Bible in Paradise Lost is revealed in the classics’ intertextuality and his literary imagination respectively. In terms of classics’ intertextuality, Books 7, 9 and 10 in Paradise Lost share the most evident and concentrated intertextual referentiality concerning plot, subject and theme to Chapters 1-3 in Genesis, which is primarily realized by his audacious quoting directly or indirectly of the relevant texts from Genesis. As far as literary imagination is concerned, Milton’s personified and specified depiction of the living creatures created by God enriches the plots of God’s creation of the universe and mankind in Genesis. The meticulous characterization of human ancestors’ inner activities before and after eating the Forbidden Fruit and the artistic presentation of the Fall’s harm on Nature expands the subject of the Fall. And the poetic portrayal of human ancestors’ attitude to and understanding of God’s punishment deepens the theme of Sin and Punishment. Through classics

  8. 生态危机语境下的反思与追问--简析《圣经》的生态伦理思想%To Reflect and Rethink in Ecological Crisis-A Brief Analysis of the Ecological Ethics in the Holy Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏海; 朱小明

    2014-01-01

    生态危机是时下备受关注的话题,其背后深藏的实质是人的道德危机和宗教危机。在生态危机的时代语境下,通过追本溯源,紧扣《圣经》原典,系统梳理了其中所蕴含的生态伦理观,阐幽表微地阐释了上帝、人和自然的相互关系,详细解读出《圣经》中的八大生态伦理观及其四大生态特征,在此基础上具体分析历史演进过程中人们对《圣经》生态伦理观的误解和偏离,并进一步结合时事,探讨应时代要求而产生的基督教生态伦理。并指出,《圣经》中上帝、人和自然最初是和谐的,在历史演进过程中人们对《圣经》产生了误读和偏离,而当今对《圣经》生态伦理观的绿色回归则是一种主题。人们应该顺应时代的要求,积极重建人与自然在上帝中的和谐共存。%The ecological crisis is one of the maj or concerns currently.Actually,the essence of this ecological crisis is the moral crisis or the religious crisis hidden behind.In time of ecological cri-sis,whether Christianity is the religious origin of the ecological crisis is still a question in dispute.To get to the root of the matter,grounded on the canon,this paper sorts out the ecological ethics in the Holy Bible,interprets eight ecological ideas and four ecological characteristics of Christianity,analy-zes the misunderstanding and deviation of the ecological ethics of the Holy Bile throughout the history and also discusses the emerging new islands of Christian ecological thoughts.It concludes that,the be-ginning harmony among God,human and nature is thesis,whereas the misunderstanding and the de-viation of the ecological ethics of the Holy Bile during history is antithesis,and the Green return to the ecological idea of the Holy Bible is synthesis.Human should try to rebuild the relationship be-tween God,human and nature,so they can coexist with nature harmoniously.

  9. Bible and Philology: Gerhard von Rad regarding the Wisdom Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Haydeé Lase

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Theology, through its history, has always been related to Philology, because its source is the Holy Scriptures. This reason has stimulated my further consideration of the exegeta Gerhard von Rad “Wisdom in Israel” a “symbol” of modern interest for the Wisdom books. Inserted in the philologic German trend of the history of tradition and history of editing and forms, it is opposed to positivists interpretation and installs a new comprehension of the OT traditions. Its hermeneutica, without deteriorating the historical criticism, gives first hand priority to the message that the scriptural brands patentize as a twist of an organization in constant growth. However, the love of live words, which is considered by the philologist, make him capable to have a wide effect of the methodological tools, and in this way; unravel the secrets of the world of wisdom. Now in the threshold of Christianism, Wisdom books prepare the adequate opening to receive the “new Wine” in “new containers”. Also, today, philology and wisdom summon us to go along with this moment of the History of Salvation with the necessary instruments and ancient breeding by old and modern wisemen.

  10. Java2 Enterprise Edition 14 (J2EE 14) Bible

    CERN Document Server

    McGovern, James; Fain, Yakov; Gordon, Jason; Henry, Ethan; Hurst, Walter; Jain, Ashish; Little, Mark; Nagarajan, Vaidyanathan; Oak, Harshad; Phillips, Lee Anne

    2011-01-01

    Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) is the specification that all enterprise Java developers need to build multi-tier applications, and also the basis for BEA's WebLogic Application Server and IBM's WebSphereRevised to be current with the significant J2EE 1.4 update that will drive substantial developer interestWritten by a top-selling team of eleven experts who provide unique and substantial business examples in a vendor-neutral format, making the information applicable to various application serversCovers patterns, J2EE application servers, frameworks, Ant, and continuous availabilityIncludes e

  11. The books of the Bibles in early Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordan Scheetz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A resurgence in the interest in other early Christian literature has brought the issue of the Christian biblical canon(s to the forefront. Questions in relation to what the literature was, which literature was authoritative, and when did it become authoritative, have all been reopened both on a popular and scholarly level. With this climate, a re-evaluation of primary source information in relation to the various lists was in order. The lists from Origen, Eusebius, the Muratorian Canon, Athanasius, and to a lesser extent Tertullian, were examined. The result was: a nuanced perspective that reflects a three level reading hierarchy that gave precedence to the unquestioned texts, allows for mediated expansion through the questioned texts, and calls for a complete correction of the rejected texts based on the first two levels. Further, although none of the lists are exactly alike, substantial agreement was established between these various lists spanning more than a 150 years. In contrast to Marcion, theological harmony did not appear to be the main consideration in these various lists.

  12. On the Application of the Holy Bible in Robinson Crusoe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪艳

    2014-01-01

    Daniel Defoe’s representative work-Robinson Crusoe is deeply influenced by Christianity and its scriptures. It con-tains abundant traces of the influence from the biblical sin and allusions. There are not only very similar biblical archetypal struc-ture and characters, but also direct and indirect quotations from the Biblical discourse.

  13. Health care in the Bible and the Talmud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Medlen

    1980-09-01

    Full Text Available "The thought patterns of occidental civilization have been basically influenced by the mentalities of two peoples: the ancient Greeks, with their lucid reasoning and logical approach to scientific problems, and the People of the Book, with their intuitive ethical teachings, their timeless moral laws, and, last but by no means least, their ethically based health rules.” (Rosner, p.3.

  14. The Judaeo-Karaite Reception of the Hebrew Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    of Judaism in the medieval Arab-Islamic world, notably across Iran, Iraq, the Levant and Egypt. Whilst Rabbinate Judaism emphasised the oral law of the Talmud/Midrash, Karaite Judaism focused on the written law. Much of Karaite classical scholarship remains inaccessible because it is still in manuscript form...... and because it has been and still is considered peripheral and sectarian. This volume presents a critical edition of an anonymous Karaite commentary on the Book of Jeremiah presented in both the original Arabic and in English translation. The volume uses this text to examine the commonalities and differences...

  15. Defending the Concept of Time in the Hebrew Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundvad, Mette

    2014-01-01

    ancient Judaism more widely. I explore linguistic and anthropological assumptions which underpin large parts of the discussion on time within biblical studies, arguing that one cannot assume on the basis of either that the biblical authors lacked a concept of time. Finally, I suggest that the ability...

  16. Race, Ethnicity, and the Bible: Pedagogical Challenges and Curricular Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byron, Gay L.

    2012-01-01

    Theological educators are now fostering dialogues, projects, and practices that are designed to acknowledge the challenges and opportunities resulting from the shifting racial and ethnic demographic climate in the U.S. and Canada. As well-intentioned as these efforts are, most of the scholarship focuses on the contemporary experiences of…

  17. Photochemical ozone budget during the BIBLE A and B campaigns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Malcolm; Hu, Wenjie; Rodríguez, José M.; Kondo, Yutaka; Koike, Makoto; Kita, Kazuyuki; Kawakami, Shuji; Blake, Donald; Liu, Shaw; Ogawa, Toshihiro

    2003-02-01

    Using the measured concentrations of NO, O3, H2O, CO, CH4, and NMHCs along the flight tracks, a photochemical box model is used to calculate the concentrations of the Ox radicals, the HOx radicals, and the nitrogen species at the sampling points. The calculations make use of the measurements from radiometers to scale clear sky photolysis rates to account for cloud cover and ground albedo at the sampling time/point. The concentrations of the nitrogen species in each of the sampled air parcels are computed assuming they are in instantaneous equilibrium with the measured NO and O3. The diurnally varying species concentrations are next calculated using the box model and used to estimate the diurnally averaged production and removal rates of ozone for the sampled air parcels. Clear sky photolysis rates are used in the diurnal calculations. The campaign also provided measured concentration of NOy. The observed NO/NOy ratio is usually larger than the model calculated equilibrium value. There are several possible explanations. It could be a result of recent injection of NO into the air parcel, recent removal of HNO3 from the parcel, recent rapid transport of an air parcel from another location, or a combination of all processes. Our analyses suggest that the local production rate of O3 can be used as another indicator of recent NO injection. However, more direct studies using air trajectory analyses and other collaborative evidences are needed to ascertain the roles played by individual process.

  18. Precepts of community health and hygiene from the Holy Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhaktha, P K J P; Prasad, P V V; Narayana, A

    2007-01-01

    Every Society, in its unending process of evolution, devises its own methods of survival in ethical, medical and emotional aspects. The urge for good and healthy living, the desire for longevity of life are not only inherent but also largely evident in all the societies right from the time of its primitivity. Jews are a wonder community. Though negligible in numbers, they managed to win 17.5% of noble prizes announced so far. Besides, almost all the major inventions in the world are by Jews. This despite the years of persecution and trials the community was subjected to in the history. The pages of the human history are smeared with the blood patches of the Jews in the hands of oppressors for several centuries. Apart from the fact that theirs is the community chosen specially by God, the intellectual prowess and tenacity of the Jewish community basically stems from the discipline and dietary code they received from their leader Moses in wilderness. Jewish nation was conceived in the vision of their patriarch Abraham but in fact, born on the night they left as slaves from Egypt for good under the dynamic leadership of Moses. Mosaic code for all aspects of life has made Jews or Israelites what they are today. A modest effort is being made in this article to trace their community's health and hygiene social behavioral precepts as given by Moses.

  19. What makes Christian bioethics Christian? Bible, story, and communal discernment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhey, Allen

    2005-12-01

    Scripture is somehow normative for any bioethic that would be Christian. There are problems, however, both with Scripture and with those who read Scripture. Methodological reflection is necessary. Scripture must be read humbly and in Christian community. It must be read not as a timeless code but as the story of God and of our lives. That story moves from creation to a new creation. At the center of the Christian story are the stories of Jesus of Nazareth as healer, preacher of good news to the poor, and sufferer. The story shapes character and conduct and enables communal discernment.

  20. Teaching the Bible: A Legal and Objective Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Jimmy L.

    1980-01-01

    Asserting that the Supreme Court's 1963 Schempp decision does not prohibit biblical instruction in the public schools, but only mandates that it be objective, the author suggests several techniques for incorporating Biblical allusions and stories into literature instruction. (SJL)

  1. Fedora Bible 2010 Edition Featuring Fedora Linux 12

    CERN Document Server

    Negus, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    The perfect companion for mastering the latest version of Fedora. As a free, open source Linux operating system sponsored by Red Hat, Fedora can either be a stepping stone to Enterprise or used as a viable operating system for those looking for frequent updates. Written by veteran authors of perennial bestsellers, this book serves as an ideal companion for Linux users and offers a thorough look at the basics of the new Fedora 12. Step-by-step instructions make the Linux installation simple while clear explanations walk you through best practices for taking advantage of the desktop interface. Y

  2. In science vs. Bible wrangle, debate moves to the Cosmos

    CERN Multimedia

    Glanz, J

    1999-01-01

    Creationists in Kansas have succeeded in having the theory of the Big Bang removed from the teaching curriculum. They see it as a direct contradiction of the literal biblical explanation of the creation of the universe (1 page).

  3. Does the Bible Have a Vote in Modern Decision Making?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    social media network technologies such as FaceBook and MySpace can be misused by cyber - bullies to reach their victims. ― Bullying can have destructive...reflected God‘s principle. 15 ― Cyber - Bullying ‖ ― Cyber - bullying has been defined as "when the Internet, cell phones or other devices are used to...of cyber - bullying that was conducted via a social network website called MySpace.50 This incident drew national attention and initiated legislation

  4. Reading the Bible as a Pedagogical Text: Testing, Testament, and Some Postmodern Considerations about Religion/the Bible in Contemporary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segall, Avner; Burke, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    While it is true that following various Supreme Court decisions in the last century, religion is, in most cases, no longer explicitly taught in public school classrooms, we use this article to explore the ways in which implicit religious understandings regarding curriculum and pedagogy still remain prevalent in current public education. Building…

  5. How culture shapes community: bible belief, theological unity, and a sense of belonging in religious congregations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroope, Samuel

    2011-01-01

    Feeling that you belong in a group is an important and powerful need. The ability to foster a sense of belonging can also determine whether groups survive. Organizational features of groups cultivate feelings of belonging, yet prior research fails to investigate the idea that belief systems also play a major role. Using multilevel data, this study finds that church members' traditional beliefs, group-level belief unity, and their interaction associate positively with members' sense of belonging. In fact, belief unity can be thought of as a “sacred canopy” under which the relationship between traditional beliefs and feelings of belonging thrives.

  6. The Inclination to Evil and the Punishment of Crime - from the Bible to Behavioral Genetics

    OpenAIRE

    Gold, Azgad; Appelbaum, Paul S.

    2014-01-01

    The evolving field of behavioral genetics is gradually elucidating the complex interplay between genes and environment. Scientific data pertaining to the behavioral genetics of violent behavior provides a new context for an old dilemma regarding criminal responsibility and punishment: if the inclination to violent behavior is inherent in someone's nature, how should it affect punishment for crime? Should it be considered as a mitigating or an aggravating factor? Given psychiatrists’ increasin...

  7. AutoCAD 2008 and AutoCAD LT 2008 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    "Whether you're new to AutoCAD or a veteran, you will undoubtedly find this book to be an excellent resource."-- Abhi Singh, AutoCAD Product Manager, Autodesk, Inc.Here's the book that makes AutoCAD approachableEven the people at Autodesk look to Ellen Finkelstein for AutoCAD training, so who better to teach you about AutoCAD 2008? This comprehensive guide brings veterans up to speed on AutoCAD updates and takes novices from the basics to programming in AutoLISP(r) and VBA. Every feature is covered in a logical order, and with the Quick Start chapter, you'll be creating drawings on your very f

  8. Leadership in the world of the Bible: (Deinstitutionalisation as an ongoing process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Dreyer

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the development of leadership in the biblical world in light of structuration theory. The use of the structuration theory is embedded in the theoretical work of Max Weber. Max Weber distinguishes three types of authority: legal, traditional and charismatic authority. In order to differentiate between the more nurturing and the more institutionalised aspects of authority (with the innate possibility of the abuse of power, Latin, rather than Western languages, provides the most useful terminology. The article traces the development from auctoritas (nurturing authority to potestas (coercive power. It focuses on how authority manifested in the Near- and Middle-East, the Hellenistic Emperor Cult and early Christianity. The aim is to explain the ways in which power and authority function in society by reflecting on the development from charismatic to institutionalised leadership. The potential danger that the message of Jesus can be adapted to the power structures of the world, is highlighted. Deinstitutionalisation is a postmodern demystifying process, by means of which church and society can be restructured today.

  9. Abortion in the United States' Bible Belt: organizing for power and empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castle, Mary Ann

    2011-01-05

    Over the last 30 years, conservative power in the United States, financed and organized by Christian fundamentalist sects, the Catholic Church, and conservative corporate and political leadership, has become more threatening and potentially destabilizing of progressive democratic principles and practices. Powerful interlocking political, financial and social forces are arrayed against women in many Southern and Western states. They are having destructive effects on women's ability to control their fertility and maintain bodily integrity and health. Poor women and women of color are disproportionately affected by restrictions on abortion services. Strategically developed interventions must be initiated and managed at every level in these localities. It is urgent to coordinate and empower individuals, multiple organizations and communities to engender effective changes in attitudes, norms, behavior and policies that will enable women to obtain reproductive health services, including abortion care. This paper describes contextual factors that continue to decimate U.S. women's right to health and, then, describes a community organizing-social action project in a number of US' states aimed at reversing the erosion of women's right to have or not to have children.

  10. Critical thinking and the bible in the age of new media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ess, Charles

    A collection of chapters devoted to various dimensions of how new media interact with diverse conceptions of critical thinking and various traditional understandings of the relationship between critical thinking and faith traditions and claims....

  11. Engaging the Bible in GCSE and A Level Religious Studies: Environmental Stewardship as a Test Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horrell, David G.; Davis, Anna

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the potential for critical and informed engagement with biblical texts to form a key element of the study of Christian perspectives on ethical issues at GCSE and A level. Given the current dominance of philosophical and ethical topics, and weaknesses in the engagement with biblical texts within existing curriculum materials,…

  12. [Leadership strategies--the Bible as a guide to management in the health care system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudlacek, Stefan; Meran, Johannes G

    2006-06-01

    Management and leadership are an integral part of any organisation, to optimise procedures and increase efficiency. Aims, ideals and structures first need to be defined for tasks to be carried out successfully, particularly in difficult times. A good example for the way communities can effectively and with conviction pass on their values and standpoints from generation to generation, grow in strength and also influence their surroundings is provided by religion. This paper focuses leadership provided by charismatic personalities within the Jewish and Christian religions. Monasteries have run hospitals without governmental support ever since the Middle Ages. Leadership within today's health care system calls for a variety of strategies in the different phases of development. In times of limited resources and multifarious societies, leadership implies both a scientific as well as an ethical challenge.

  13. Literature in Focus - Gli anelli del sapere = The Rings of Knowledge + The LHC bible

    CERN Multimedia

    Tullio Basaglia

    2010-01-01

    A fascinating photographic survey describes the essential phases of constructing the colossal equipment to build the four main experiments. It is enriched by a sophisticated, experimental graphic design and the stories of the Italian scientists from the INFN (National Institute of Nuclear Physics), who made vital contributions to the project and constructing the LHC. The book is completed by descriptions illustrating the important contribution that Italian companies made to this major project, demonstrating Italy’s competitive capacity for excellence in the most important technological undertakings in Europe. Edited by Federico Brunetti (Politecnico di Milano) Published by Editrice Abitare Segesta The presentation of the book will take place on Tuesday, 9th March, 4.00 p.m. in the Pas Perdus area. At the same time, the INFN photo exhibition installed in the occasion of the International Women's day will also be inaugurated. A reception will be sponsored by the Permanent Mission of Italy to th...

  14. AutoCAD 2013 and AutoCAD LT 2013 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2012-01-01

    The bestselling guide to AutoCAD, fully updated for the 2013 version AutoCAD, the number one architectural drawing software, can be challenging to learn. This comprehensive guide has sold more than 160,000 copies in previous editions and is the go-to resource for architects, engineers, drafters, interior designers, and space planners who need to learn and use AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT. From the basics of creating drawings and using commands to 2D and 3D drawing techniques, using layers, rendering, and customizing the program, this book covers it all. A Quick Start guide allows eve

  15. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The latest version of this perennial favorite, in-depth, reference-tutorial This top-selling book has been updated by AutoCAD guru and author Ellen Finkelstein to provide you with the very latest coverage of both AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012. It begins with a Quick Start tutorial, so you start creating right away. From there, the book covers so much in-depth material on AutoCAD that it is said that even Autodesk employees keep this comprehensive book at their desks. A DVD is included that features before-and-after drawings of all the tutorials and plenty of great examples from AutoCAD prof

  16. Pagan and bible beginning in the creative work of B.Shulz and F.Kafka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina M. Reguretskaya

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Modern literature pays great attention to the study of biblical and pagan aspects of the classical works of the twentieth century. Franz Kafka and Bruno Schulz – two classics of modernity, residents of “Republic of dreams”, if to use a beautiful metaphor of Schultz, were from Jewish families lived in a multicultural and multilingual Austro-Hungarian Empire absorbed with best achievements of the Austrian culture. As noted by J. Updike: «Kafka and Schulz – two unremarkable man, born in the backyard of once powerful empire, took a bite at the same apple myth, but from different sides». Both were able to transform the insightful observation in prophecy, describing the dreams and nightmares as precisely as if they were facts of life, both shed light on human nature and witnessed history, complementing each other. I. Klekh rightly observes certain «commonness» of their creative method, stressing the importance for the two writers’ motif of transformation, transformation, mutual penetration of books and worlds. Shulz’s «fairy tale», his myth-making, guided by its own laws, “mythological” rules, which, unlike Kafka, is not «mythological» of closeness exclusively on internal self-perception.

  17. A simple model to quantitatively account for periodic outbreaks of the measles in the Dutch Bible Belt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bier, Martin; Brak, Bastiaan

    2015-04-01

    In the Netherlands there has been nationwide vaccination against the measles since 1976. However, in small clustered communities of orthodox Protestants there is widespread refusal of the vaccine. After 1976, three large outbreaks with about 3000 reported cases of the measles have occurred among these orthodox Protestants. The outbreaks appear to occur about every twelve years. We show how a simple Kermack-McKendrick-like model can quantitatively account for the periodic outbreaks. Approximate analytic formulae to connect the period, size, and outbreak duration are derived. With an enhanced model we take the latency period in account. We also expand the model to follow how different age groups are affected. Like other researchers using other methods, we conclude that large scale underreporting of the disease must occur.

  18. Hitler's bible: an analysis of the relationship between American and German eugenics in pre-war Nazi Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Susan

    2009-06-01

    Throughout the last century the wellbeing of those with disability has been threatened by the idea of eugenics. The most notable and extreme example of this could be considered to have been carried out during World WarTwo, within Nazi eugenic programmes. These resulted in the sterilisation and killing of hundreds of thousands of disabled people. Through research of a wide range of sources it has been established that much of the inspiration and encouragement for this rapidly progressing movement in Germany initially came from America, most notably from California. American eugenicists expressed interest, and at times jealousy, at the speed of the progression in German eugenics. German Sterilisation laws were drafted following careful study of American experiments and research, while financial support from a number of American individuals encouraged further German research. Correspondence between influential leaders, including Hitler, Grant and Whitney, Verschuer and Popenoe, on both sides also added to the developing relationship. In conclusion, although there are a number of vital differences between the progress of the eugenics programme in America and in pre-war Nazi Germany, and eugenics in America never produced the massive genocide that occurred in Germany, it is clear that the research, encouragement and enthusiasm from America had a profound influence on the rapidly growing Nazi eugenics movement.

  19. Stories from History, Myth, and the Bible. Snite Museum of Art Gallery Guide. Parts 1-3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthias, Diana C. J.; Barrett, Jesse

    This art education resource, designed for use in the Snite Museum of Art, may also be used with slides or reproductions. Black and white reproductions are included for each of the art works represented, along with title, artist, date, and media information. This three part gallery guide presents a brief synopsis of the stories narrated in the…

  20. Unbuckling the Bible Belt: A State-Level Analysis of Religious Factors and Google Searches for Porn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehead, Andrew L; Perry, Samuel L

    2017-02-14

    While the link between individual religious characteristics and pornography consumption is well established, relatively little research has considered how the wider religious context may influence pornography use. Exceptions in the literature to date have relied on relatively broad, subjective measures of religious commitment, largely ignoring issues of religious belonging, belief, or practice. This study moves the conversation forward by examining how a variety of state-level religious factors predict Google searches for the term porn, net of relevant sociodemog raphic and ideological controls. Our multivariate findings indicate that higher percentages of Evangelical Protestants, theists, and biblical literalists in a state predict higher frequencies of searching for porn, as do higher church attendance rates. Conversely, higher percentages of religiously unaffiliated persons in a state predict lower frequencies of searching for porn. Higher percentages of total religious adherents, Catholics, or mainline Protestants in a state are unrelated to searching for porn with controls in place. Contrary to recent research, our analyses also show that higher percentages of political conservatives in a state predicted lower frequencies of porn searches. Our findings support theories that more salient, traditional religious influences in a state may influence residents-whether religious or not-toward more covert sexual experiences.

  1. Spinoza's Hermeneutics for Bible%斯宾诺莎的《圣经》解释学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓亮

    2013-01-01

    斯宾诺莎对《圣经》的解释是西方《圣经》解释学的重要著作.他从哲学基本原理出发,将认识论看作《圣经》解释学的本质,强调了解释《圣经》方法与认识自然方法的一致性,从而对《圣经》解释做出了现代理性主义的改造.他关于《圣经》解释的历史主义原则、文本客观性原则、文本研究的语言学维度等,都为后来解释学的发展提供了借鉴.通过解释,他揭示了《圣经》的目的不是传播知识而是要人服从,并因而主张信仰和哲学分开,两者互不干涉,表明了资产阶级启蒙思想家摆脱宗教神学束缚、实现思想自由的时代要求.

  2. Pushkin's Lyrics and The Bible%普希金的抒情诗与《圣经》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宁

    2000-01-01

    普希金一生创作了800多首抒情诗,它们与《圣经》有着多方面的内在联系,有的直接取材于圣经故事,有的再现了天使、魔鬼、地狱等主题,有的移植或借鉴了其中的人物和典故。但不论取其正面含义或反面喻义,诗人所表现的都不是基督教理念,而是对于历史、现实、社会和人生的复杂多重的艺术体验。在这些抒情诗中,无论就结构意义还是语言修辞功能考察,圣经神话都是比喻性而非象征性的,包括讽喻、明喻、隐喻、借喻等。

  3. The birds, the bees, and the Bible: single African American mothers' perceptions of a faith-based sexuality educaton program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelius, Judith Bacchus

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study examined single mothers' ideas on the development of a faith-based sexuality program. Twenty African American single mothers with adolescent children (11 to 13 years of age) who were of the same faith and members of one church, participated in two focus groups about how a faith-based sexuality program could be designed and implemented. The findings call attention to the need for research on the design of faith-based sexuality education programs for ethnic minority families headed by single mothers.

  4. The History and Future of the Southern Bible Institute: A Post-Secondary School of Biblical Studies for African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooks, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The United States of America has a long history in higher education, but one area of its history not exhausted through research involves higher education for African Americans. Specifically, higher education for African Americans in the area of theology or biblical studies presents numerous opportunities for further research. Soon after the…

  5. Imagined Religious Communities and the “Culture of Bible-Readers”: Hinduism’s Challenge to European Religious Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helton Christopher Jason

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will discuss the challenges posed by modern conceptions of Hinduism - in particular Heinrich von Stietencron’s conception of a “collection of religions” and Romila Thapar’s application of Benedict Anderson’s theory of “imagined communities” to Hinduism-to the European style of religious studies, particularly at the undergraduate level.

  6. Friendship demands acquiescence and renouncement. A handful of aspects that refer to relationships between friends raised in the Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Nawrot

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available For Aristotle, the bond of a valuable friendship was created for the sake of its own value of giving friendship or the experience it furnishes, and not for the sake of expediency or the sheer joy of sharing friendship. A sustainable friendship basically finds its roots in what a human being is. Hence, it is loving rather than being loved that makes people real friends, ethically perfect. Biblical authors knew that a true friendship was difficult to obtain and that it could easily be lost. Thus, for their readers, to observe their advice means to obtain valuable hints and guidelines and to be protected from disillusionment. These guidelines had been drawn by them from the experience of everyday life, as a result of watching and drawing conclusions from what they saw following different man’s response to different situations. Might they have been victims to unjust action themselves, or had they committed something that made them feel ashamed, but kept that it in their mind as a warning to their prospective readers? Whatever the answer is, they managed to draw conclusions from the experience that, ultimately, could be helpful in making those who would perpetrate something that would hurt or kill a friendship repent.

  7. Sosiologiese en antropologiese insigte en die studie van die Hebreeuse Bybel: 'n Bestekopname1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul A. Kruger

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociological and anthropological insights and the study of the Hebrew Bible: A review. This article reviews the main trends in the social-scientific study of the Hebrew Bible. It focuses on the following central issues: the theoretical principles underlying this approach, anthropologists and the Hebrew Bible, the Hebrew Bible and comparative anthropology, anthropological evidence from African cultures, and the Hebrew Bible in social-scientific research: perils and prospects.

  8. The Correlation Between Chronicles of Narnia and the Holy Bible%纳尼亚王国传奇与《圣经》的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈双眉

    2007-01-01

    C.S.刘易斯所作的纳尼亚王国七部传奇是从另一个角度对基督教《圣经》的阐释.这七部传奇中体现了基督教的多种精神,纳尼亚王国传奇是儿童童话冒险版《圣经》.

  9. "The Chosen" in Old Testament of the Bible%《圣经·旧约》中的“被拣选者”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾芳

    2011-01-01

    "拣选"是《圣经.旧约》中一个重要的概念。一部《旧约》就是神不断"拣选"的历史,也是众多被拣选者的历史。被神"拣选"的对象主要有四类:敬神远恶者、弱小卑微者、女人(尤其是不孕的女子)和异族。他们或是神给世人树立的榜样,或是神迹的见证者,而神迹的显示使神的存在更加权威、更加具体,从而显出神的大能,让愚顽不化的人转心向神。所有被拣选者,都是神用来救赎人类的工具。%Choosing is an important conception in the Old Testament.The Old Testament describes not only the history of God's choosing but also that of those who were chosen by God.The objects "chosen" by God are the godliness,the humble,women(especially infertile women) and foreign race.They are examples set up by God for earthling,or witnesses of miracles.The work of miracles makes existence of God more authoritative and more concrete,thus shows God's mightiness,and makes the stupid convert to God.Those who were chosen are all tools of God's salvation of human kind.

  10. Does the Christian worldview provide a place for the law of attraction? (Part 2: An apologetic evaluation of the way the Bible is used in promoting this idea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dani�l J. Maritz

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the biblical motivation that is given for the secular idea of the so-called spiritual law of attraction to become part of Christian doctrine. In 2010 Pastor At Boshoff of the Christian Revival Church (CRC preached two sermons on the law of attraction in which he claimed it as a powerful principle in the Word of God. According to him this biblical �law� provides human beings with physical manifestations of their thoughts and words. The idea to create one�s own favourable future through the law of attraction flows from a New Age worldview and is similar to the positive confession doctrine taught by popular Word of Faith teachers. Boshoff�s claim regarding the law of attraction cannot be deduced from the key Scripture passages he uses, which reflects an unfounded use of Scripture to promote this idea.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: The article challenges the secular infiltration of the Law of Attraction in the church. This is important since the so-called Law of Attraction was preached by Pastor A. Boshoff of the CRC. Many of his listeners embrace his teaching although it reflects a poor exposition and application of Scripture.

  11. Analysis on the King Image in the Hebrew Bible%希伯来圣经中的国王形象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游伟

    2013-01-01

    希伯来圣经首先是一部宗教正典,其意识形态性压倒一切,上帝至上的思想渗透于字里行间,上帝耶和华是理所当然的主人公.国王作为耶和华与人之间的中介者,作为上帝在人间的代表,其地位自然要居于上帝之下,其从属性不言而明.国王形象的从属性决定了其不完美性.希伯来圣经中国王形象的不完美性集中体现在两点:一是缺乏政治智慧,二是违犯诫律.国王们身上的缺点又为他们人生的悲剧性埋下了伏笔.希伯来圣经中国王形象的悲剧性也集中体现在两点:一是奋力挣扎与注定失败的命运悖论;二是违背诫律与遭受惩罚的必然因果.希伯来圣经中国王形象的从属性、不完美性和悲剧性的内在逻辑为国王形象的从属性决定了其不完美性,其不完美性又决定了其悲剧性.

  12. 拜伦的《希伯来歌曲》与《圣经》%Byron's Hebrew Melodies and the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁工

    2001-01-01

    抒情诗集的大部分篇章取材于,是拜伦借鉴古代题材为现实服务的成功范例.这批诗歌体现出"拜伦式英雄"的英雄气概和悲观绝望色彩,对欧洲各国的民族解放运动示以深切的同情,并对侵略压迫和专制暴政进行了严厉抨击.

  13. On the Hebrew Medical Culture in the Holy Bible%《圣经》中希伯来医学文化探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马月兰

    2008-01-01

    医学文化是希伯来文明的重要组成部分,是世界非物质文化遗产.在圣经时代,希伯来人的医学与宗教紧密结合.一些宗教戒律逐渐演变成希伯来的民俗年口传统文化.希伯来人治疗心理疾病主要通过宗教仪式和祈祷求得上帝的拯救;在保健和预防疾病方面是保持圣洁.犹太教的一些戒律具有养生保健作用.犹太教在希伯来医学的发展中打下了深刻的烙印.

  14. 希伯来语圣经中描述的以色列宗教%Israelite Religion as Described in the Hebrew Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈贻绎

    2009-01-01

    本文立足于希伯来语圣经的文本和一些考古发现,介绍了古代以色列人宗教的方方面面,包括这个宗教的神的地域性、嫉妒性、报复性等人性、以色列神谱的组成,以色列人对死去人的崇拜和偶像崇拜,百姓的宗教和官方理想化宗教的区别、冲突和协调,以及申命派的宗教改革所导致的以色列宗教后来的发展变化,及其和后来犹太教和基督教的桥梁.

  15. 西方马克思主义与希伯来圣经阐释%Western Marxism and the Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗兰·博尔; 薛春美

    2011-01-01

    西方马克思主义何以影响希伯来圣经的研究?我们通过诸如诺曼·戈特瓦尔德和大卫·乔布林等学者的创作可窥一斑.两位学者通过其采用的马克思主义辩证法实现这种影响,该辩证法演绎出矛盾、阶级冲突、意识形态和生产方式.戈特瓦尔德的创作特征是一系列富有成果的矛盾因素:平淡如水的叙事风格和充满激情的内容、纳贡的生产方式和共产社会的生产方式、资本主义和民主社会主义,以及科学编史和乌托邦的创作.乔布林从早期的结构主义阶段转向以解放主义诠释学为核心的马克思主义后现代结构主义.本文的基本悖论即通过第一世界的批评家理论来表达超出此语境的政治问题.这些问题显示出“晚期”资本主义范围内的圣经批评所面临的对抗因素和阶级冲突.

  16. Miracles in the Hebrew Bible and Contemporary Jewish Thoughts%《希伯来圣经》中的神迹与现代犹太思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛淑珍

    2011-01-01

    中有很多关于神迹的描写,这些神迹被后世学者进行了不同的注解和诠释,奠定了犹太集体意识中理解神迹的基础.中的神迹对现代犹太思想有着一定的影响,开拓出宗教文化独到的认识,推动了现代犹太哲人思想的孕育.神迹在建构犹太集体记忆中都有着举足轻重的作用,是犹太文化史的一面旗帜.

  17. 希伯来圣经先知书中的“上帝”%"God" in Prophets of Hebrew Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨慧

    2011-01-01

    一般认为,基督教摒弃了犹太教狭隘的民族主义而形成自己独特的普世思想.但是这种笼统的看法忽略了犹太教后期发展起来的“第二以赛亚”思潮.“巴比伦之囚”后的以色列,发展出两种截然不同的宗教观、民族观和上帝观,圣经先知书充分勾勒出了这两种观念.比较这两种思潮,不仅有助于发掘基督教普世思想的源头,对犹太教有一个更为清晰的认识,而且对当今世界日益尖锐的民族矛盾与宗教冲突有一个更为客观的评价.

  18. Relevance Theory as an approach to interpreting the Bible for children: The Lucan version of the Lord�s Prayer as a test case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette H. Evans

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent research has demonstrated that children are sensitive to the underlying causal structureof the world and seek to form new causal representations at a much earlier age than hadpreviously been supposed. Modern scientific understanding of the evolution of life conflictswith the biblical representation of earth as the centre of the world, and of human beings as theimago Dei. Consequently, young children frequently experience cognitive dissonance whenexposed to biblical texts. Two previous pilot studies utilising specifically designed illustratedbooklets demonstrated that children respond more readily to a text that is relevant to their owncultural context. This article tests the possibility of presenting a universally relevant biblicaltext (Lk 11:2b�4 to young children in a form that does not conflict with modern science andtakes aspects of recent research on child psychology into account.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: In our postmodern culturalcontext children tend to experience cognitive dissonance when exposed to biblical texts,and consequently lose interest. This article proposes that by presenting the biblical contentin accordance with Relevance Theory, and in coherence with recent scientific explanatorytheories, the interest of the children may be sustained.

  19. O texto bíblico e a igreja católica romana: aproximações pastorais = Bible text and Roman Catholic Church: approaches pastoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junqueira, Sérgio Rogério Azevedo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto é parte de uma pesquisa qualitativa histórica sobre o uso do texto bíblico na pastoral. Articulado a partir do início da era cristã, perpassando pelo período medieval, renascimento, moderno e contemporâneo, este breve estudo histórico será pressuposto para outras etapas da pesquisa do uso pastoral da Bíblia. Significativamente pelo fato de que, ao longo dos séculos, o uso do texto bíblico vinha acompanhado de várias questões acerca de quem e como interpretá-lo, considerando a tradição e o magistério, de forma que houve uma restrição ao texto para a maioria dos cristãos. Trata-se de uma longa história da qual se pretende apresentar alguns acenos para levantar novas questões, sobretudo, quanto ao lugar da Escritura na pastoral da Igreja hoje, especialmente na pastoral escolar

  20. Spinoza's Historical Criticism and Interpretation to the Bible%斯宾诺莎对圣经的历史批判与诠释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田海华

    2008-01-01

    斯宾诺莎的,在圣经诠释历史上堪称是里程碑式的著作.他通过质疑作为真理之标准与公众法律之来源的圣经,倡导思想、言说与著述的自由.他对圣经研究最具原创性的贡献,并不在于其探求真理所坚持的理性主义标准,而在于对圣经文本自身及其内容所进行的历史理解.本文将简介斯宾诺莎对圣经诠释的历史批判方法,并兼及述评.

  1. Where can I find consolation? A theoretical analysis of the meaning of consolation as experienced by job in the Book of Job in the Hebrew Bible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roxberg, Åsa; Brunt, David; Rask, Mikael; da Silva, António Barbosa

    2013-03-01

    The aim of the study was to explore the meaning of consolation as experienced by Job in the Book of Job and as presented in literature and how consolation relates to suffering and care. The study's theoretical design applied Ricoeur's view on phenomenology and hermeneutics. The resulting themes were as follows: consolation that is present, that originates in confrontation, that keeps suffering at a distance, that does not alleviate suffering, that originates in experience from giving comfort, and that facilitates a change of perspective. The authentic and caring consolation accepts the sufferer's incomprehensible "otherness" but however provides no answers about how to console.

  2. [Corporal Punishment. Three Works:] The Influence of Corporal Punishment on Learning: A Statistical Study. The Bible and the Rod. 1001 Alternatives to Corporal Punishment, Volume One.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurer, Adah; Wallerstein, James S.

    Arguments against the use of corporal punishment in schools are presented in the three publications collected here. "The Influence of Corporal Punishment on Learning: A Statistical Study," by Adah Maurer and James S. Wallerstein, examines the relationship between rates of corporal punishment use and noncompletion of high school in the 50 states.…

  3. The origin of Bible and fallacy of God%《圣经》的起源与上帝的谬误

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥述之

    2010-01-01

    @@ 前言 众所周知,耶稣是基督教的信仰核心,但有关耶稣的种种传说是否真实可靠呢?历史研究者的任务在于追溯这些传说的史料来源,在此基础上重构过去、还原历史. 本文的研究场域有两个:一是是否与其他资料的记载存在冲突,二是本身是否有冲突.如果冲突了,那么为什么会有这些冲突,真相又是什么.本文将解答这些问题.

  4. The Origin of the Taiping Bible%太平天国刊印圣经底本源流考析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓阳

    2010-01-01

    1853年和1860年,太平天国两次大量刊印了圣经.太平天国刊印本到底以众多圣经汉译本中的哪个译本为底本,学术界一直持有两种观点,双方都提供了大量的文献资料,但至今仍然没有定论.本文通过中外文文献资料分析双方原文献,以及圣经汉译本的校勘对比,认为太平天国刊印本圣经是以郭士立译本为底本,而且对圣经汉译起了相当的作用.

  5. Elements Originated from Bible in The Thorn Birds%《荆棘鸟》中的《圣经》元素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婧燕

    2014-01-01

    《荆棘鸟》是考琳·麦卡洛的经典长篇小说,自1977问世至今仍经久不衰.通过深入分析、对比和比较《荆棘鸟》与《圣经》中人物形象、事物及情节以及环境和结构,发现作为基督教作者的麦卡洛,及其巧妙地在书中分别刻画了玛丽·卡森和梅吉,如同圣经中蛇以及圣母玛利亚的形象,描述了德罗海达牧场伊甸园般的风景,解读了圣经道德观“罪与罚”.

  6. 《圣经》文化影响下的《鲁滨孙历险记》%Robinson Crusoe: Influenced by the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔镭

    2010-01-01

    文化对的影响是非常显著的,但历来相关研究并不多见.本文从原型批评和意象阐释的角度出发,通过分析作品中来自的原型和意象,来进一步探讨文化对的深刻影响.其中,原型部分主要包括叙事结构原型、主题原型和人物形象原型,意象部分主要包括荒岛意象、水的意象、劳动的意象等.

  7. Oor die Bybel, Bybellees en etiek: in gesprek met Gerrie Snyman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. van Wyk

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available On the Bible, Bible reading and ethics: in debate with Gerrie Snyman Without doubt Gerrie Snyman produced a book which attests to an existential grappling with questions about Christian faith, the Bible and understanding of the Bible. The author refers to apart- heid, women in office and homosexual persons as examples of misunderstanding and misuse of the Bible. He advocates a re- interpretation of the Bible in which the authors (of the Bible, the context of the authors, the context of the first and the context of the modern readers be taken into account fully. The classic way of reading the Bible is outdated and should be exchanged for a more critical approach to the Bible. The author of this article investigates the question as to whether Snyman is not guilty of a naïve form of rationalism and relationism.

  8. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cervera Bible”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cervera Bible'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``Cervera Bible,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  9. 75 FR 54114 - Procurement List Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... perform the Janitorial and Grounds Service at the Alan Bible Federal Building and Lloyd George U.S... Service, Alan Bible Federal Building, 600 Las Vegas Blvd South, Las Vegas, NV. Lloyd George...

  10. Dehouve Danièle, Ensayo de geopolítica indígena. Los municipios tlapanecos, CIESAS/Porrúa, México, 2001, 312 p., bibl., index

    OpenAIRE

    Lestage, Françoise

    2005-01-01

    Paru au Mexique en 2001 et en France en 2003, l’ouvrage de Danièle Dehouve propose une méthode d’analyse du phénomène de la « re-municipalisation », c’est-à-dire de la création d’unités politico-administratives, consistant à étudier les acteurs sociaux locaux et leurs formes d’action sur le territoire en tenant compte du cadre hiérarchique que leur impose l’État. Pour sa démonstration, l’auteur applique son procédé au cas particulier de la région tlapanèque dans l’État du Guerrero. En guise d...

  11. On Hebrew Nation's Aesthetic Tendencies of Song of Songs in the Bible%《圣经·雅歌》中希伯来审美取向探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马月兰

    2010-01-01

    作为中的爱情诗集,中蕴涵着希伯来民族独特的审美思想.总体来看,呈现出复合型的审美特征,并流露出世俗美与崇高美、外表美与内在美、自然美与艺术关相结合的审美旨趣.审美取向的独特之处在于,诗人常以自然之物为载体的象征性思维,运用诸多意象,诉诸非视觉性感觉,再现主人公完美的价值,激发读者的想象力.这些审美取向表征了希伯来人与自然的深厚情感,体现了他们对和谐、健康的理想性生存状态的追求,对人性的崇尚、对人生幸福的渴望和对自身生命的探求.

  12. 《希伯来圣经》乱伦叙事的文学伦理学批评%An Ethical Literary Interpretation of the Incest Narrative in The Hebrew Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李滟波

    2015-01-01

    《希伯来圣经》记载了很多关于古代以色列民族伦理观念和道德生活的伦理故事,从文学伦理学批评的视角看,其叙事的性质是伦理的.其中,罗得女儿们与父亲的血亲乱伦和儿媳他玛与公公犹大的姻亲乱伦,无疑是她们在特定伦理环境下为延续家族血脉而做出的无奈的伦理选择;大卫王与乌利亚之妻拔示巴的通奸罪引发了长子暗嫩与同父异母妹妹他玛的血亲乱伦和押沙龙与父王之嫔妃们的姻亲乱伦,由此导致王室家乱的伦理悲剧.《希伯来圣经》的叙事从一开始就与伦理道德结缘,由此形成了鲜明的伦理叙事传统,该传统深刻地影响了西方文学中的伦理书写.

  13. 《圣经》的阐释与西方对待希伯来传统的态度%The Hermeneutics of The Bible and Hebrew Tradition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘意青

    2003-01-01

    从上个世纪中期起西方兴起了把《圣经》文本明确地作为一部文学名著来进行研究的势头,到80年代进入了高潮,并形成一个新的学科.但是《圣经》的文学阐释研究不是孤立的学科,它与始自马修·阿诺德的西方对希伯来传统的看法有着千丝万缕的联系.本文试图把这个新研究方向置于希伯来和希腊两大传统对立和互动的大背景中来查看,从而揭示《圣经》的文学阐释研究不仅是西方思想文化发展的有机组成部分,而且在后现代多元思想文化的形成中发挥了重要作用.

  14. 《希伯来圣经》中的神人约——仪式、性质及团体意识%Covenant of God- Human in the Hebrew Bible: Ritual, Nature and Community Consciousness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏选

    2007-01-01

    《希伯来圣经》中神人约的订立需要举行特定的仪式.尽管立约由神一方提出,神人约的完成却需要双方的努力.神人约具有双向性,它反映了神人双方的相互需要.神人约中蕴涵着深厚的团体意识,它使以色列成为一个非常有凝聚力的民族整体.

  15. A Study of the Growth of Monotheism in The Hebrew Bible%《希伯来圣经》一神观念形成过程考论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏

    2008-01-01

    是希伯来民族的文化经典,是犹太教的圣经,体现出了强烈的一神观思想.然而这种一神观念并非一开始就有,而是经历了自然崇拜、多神崇拜后,在迦南当地宗教观念及埃及一神思想的影响下,出于民族凝聚和生存的需要,逐渐发展成了世界上最早的系统性一神教.

  16. 在中国处境下对《希伯来圣经》家谱的跨文本阅读例证%A Cross-textual Reading of the Genealogy in the Hebrew Bible in Chinese Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟振华

    2013-01-01

    跨文本阅读《历代志上》26章记载的守门人家谱与北朝高欢的渤海高氏家谱,旨在探索在动荡的年代由家谱所反映的身份和身份认同所具有的流动性.无论在《圣经》还是中国正史中,新兴家族为了提高自身的地位和合法性,常常攀附传统名门;传统团体为了自身利益,也往往乐于接纳前者,而将血缘等问题忽略.这反映了社会历史条件对编修家谱的深刻影响.

  17. On Wisdom Education of the Ancient Israelites as Revealed inProverbs ofthe Hebrew Bible%从《圣经·箴言》看古代以色列民族的智慧教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李滟波

    2016-01-01

    《希伯来圣经》是犹太民族的核心经典,蕴藏着丰富的教育思想资源,培育了无数推动人类文明进程的伟人.其中的《箴言》视智慧为一切美德的基础,其智慧教育主要体现在对年轻人追求智慧、孝敬父母、谨言慎行、仁义宽厚和勤勉精进等品德的重视和培养.追求智慧是成就一切美德的基础;孝敬父母是和谐人伦关系的智慧;谨言慎行是待人处事的智慧;仁义宽厚是为人处世的智慧;勤勉精进则是自我发展的智慧.教育者应该以培养年轻人具备这些美善的品德为教育目标.唯此,我们的教育对象才能真正成为拥有理想人格和完美人性的"完整的人".

  18. The Development of the "King" Image from the Hebrew Bible to HALEVI's Kuzari%哈列维《卡扎里》对希伯来圣经“王”形象的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈会亮

    2015-01-01

    中世纪犹太哲人哈列维在其叙事性作品《卡扎里》中塑造了精彩的“王”的形象,该形象既是作者对希伯来圣经中“王”的形象的拓展,也是对柏拉图政治思想的完善.希伯来圣经中的王如扫罗、大卫在品性上尚有欠缺,而哈列维则期望他的“新王”既能够“心正意诚”,亦能够公正地领导和统治.哈列维的思考超越时空,具备政治哲学特有的丰富和深刻.

  19. A Comment on the Chinese Translation of Exodus of the English-Chinese Holy Bible%英汉对照版《圣经》之出埃及记部分译文评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楼翎

    2006-01-01

    2000年编校出版的英汉对照版中的部分中文译文存有内容偏差谬误、语言陈旧晦涩之处.遂以其英文文本为基础,对其第二部出埃及记的部分中文译文作点评分析,并给出比较恰当的拟译文.

  20. Lastra Yolanda, Los otomíes. Su lengua y su historia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico, 2006, 525 p., bibl., tabl., cartes

    OpenAIRE

    Galinier, Jacques

    2012-01-01

    Les Otomi demeurent, par la démographie, une des plus importantes populations du Mexique indien. Avec plus de trois cents mille locuteurs, ils figurent au cinquième rang, derrière les Nahua, les Maya, les Mixtèques et les Zapotèques. Parmi les plus anciennement sédentarisées au cœur de la Mésoamérique nucléaire, les communautés otomi ont vu leur destin historique intimement imbriqué dans celui des confédérations politico-militaires au sein desquelles elles ont été successivement intégrées jus...

  1. An analysis on The Mill on the Floss from the perspective of archetypes in the Bible%从圣经原型角度分析《弗洛斯河上的磨坊》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓华

    2007-01-01

    乔治·爱略特生活在19世纪基督教思想盛行的时代.她的小说处处可见其基督教思想的痕迹.无论从人物还是语言方面都可以在中找到原型.这部小说体现了爱略特"博爱"的基督教思想和作为一个作家的"以道德诲人的"强烈的责任感和使命感.

  2. A time for dogma, a time for the Bible, a time for condoms: building a Catholic theology of prevention in the face of public health policies at Casa Fonte Colombo in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seffner, Fernando; Garcia, Jonathan; Muñoz-Laboy, Miguel; Parker, Richard

    2011-01-01

    The Casa Fonte Colombo (CFC) is a religious organisation that assists people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The funding for its activities comes from public sources such as the Brazilian National STD/AIDS Program as well as the Catholic Church. Capuchin (Franciscan) priests run the CFC and it has an extensive group of volunteers made up mostly of women. Between 2006 and 2009, we observed daily life at the CFC and interviewed priests, volunteers, employees, service providers, and clients. We also attended meetings, group sessions, and celebrations. Everyday actions carried out by the CFC reveal the efforts to resolve the tension between the position of the Catholic Church and the Brazilian state in the politics of AIDS. These efforts affirm that the CFC presents itself as a space where the position of the Catholic Church, as much as the politics of public health, are re-worked, giving way to a progressive act of Catholic prevention and assistance for AIDS that we call 'theology of prevention'.

  3. Leo Straus Misreading of Spinoza's Way of Interpreting Bible%利奥·施特劳斯对斯宾诺莎解经方法的误读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄启祥

    2014-01-01

    施特劳斯认为,斯宾诺莎在解读《圣经》时没有真正贯彻他提出的以经解经的原则,因为斯宾诺莎借助历史资料来解读《圣经》,引入外部原则整理《圣经》,对于《圣经》中各主题事物的定义超出了《圣经》的范围,由《圣经》本质上的不可理解性得出必须根据《圣经》理解《圣经》,并且超越《圣经》作者的本意去理解这些作者.施特劳斯的这些批评其实是对斯宾诺莎解经方法的误读.

  4. 《榆树下的欲望》与圣经的渊源关系%Relationship between the Origin of the Bible and Desire under the Elm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明

    2006-01-01

    是美国戏剧大师尤金·奥尼尔早期作品中的杰作.该剧通过描述人物角色对物质和情感双重欲望恣意发展所引起的强烈冲突,表现出欲望诱惑下人性的扭曲以及爱和宽恕的强大力量.当然,该剧深刻的悲剧性同对它在多方面的影响是密不可分的.

  5. A Probe into the Origin of the Word China and China in the Prophecy of the Bible%China考源与圣经预言中的中国

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡振东

    2005-01-01

    对西方乃至整个世界的文化产生了巨大而深刻的影响,被称之为人类共同的经典和西方世界共同的指南.然而中究竟是否提到过中国呢?在中中国是何种称谓呢?本文将以历史的、宗教的和文化的视野,探寻china一词的来源和圣经对中国的预言,从而加深对和中西方文化交流发展史的了解.

  6. Laurent MANNONI, Marc de la FERRIÈRE, Paul DEMENY, Georges Demenÿ, pionnier du cinéma, Douai, Éd. Pagine, 1997, 192 p., ill. NB, bibl., filmographie, 195 F.

    OpenAIRE

    Braun, Marta

    2002-01-01

    Dirigé par Laurent Mannoni, responsable des collections à la Cinémathèque française et spécialiste de Demenÿ, cet ouvrage exploite de façon approfondie une foule de documents, lettres, archives, films ou photographies récemment mis à jour, sur lesquels la célébration du centenaire du cinéma a attiré l'attention. Intitulé "Demenÿ, le voleur de feu", l'essai de Mannoni forme la première et la plus importante partie du recueil. Connu pour avoir été le préparateur d'Étienne-Jules Marey, Ge...

  7. 从《圣经》中的God到中国的"上帝"和"神"--兼论跨文化语境中的形象变异%From God in the Bible to Shangdi and Shen in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李滟波

    2002-01-01

    考察中的God与中国的"上帝"和"神"各自所负载的文化内涵后发现,God在宗教形象和文化内涵上都不等同于中国的上帝或神;God进入中国文化语境后产生了形象变异:他不再是原始意义上的God,而是西方的God和中国的上帝或神相结合的一种复合体.

  8. 论《圣经》的叙事结构对《鲁滨逊漂流记》的影响%On Influence of Narrative Structure in Bible on Robinson Crusoe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷和平; 姚辉

    2011-01-01

    西方文学神话框架的核心是.弗莱对有着独特的文学理解,他在狭义和广义的圣经文学下,开出一个新的研究方向--圣经与文学.对比弗莱的"U型结构"理论与,可以看出,具有典型的宗教结构形式:它通过阐释鲁滨逊的精神超越过程,探讨了西方圣经文学的精神主脉,是西方文学发展进程中的一次精神突围.

  9. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    basic groups. In addition to Lutherans, Calvinists, and Anglicans, there are Anabaptists, Bible -study movements, and pietism with its specific...its organiza- tional structure almost 20,000 Germans who did not become Polish citizens. Calvinism in Poland is represented by 4,500 members of the...the Bible -study groups. The purpose of these movements is a constant study of the Bible . These groups originated in the middle of the 19th century

  10. Stroke in ancient times: a reinterpretation of Psalms 137:5,6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resende, Luiz Antonio de Lima; Weber, Silke Anna Theresa; Bertotti, Marcelo Fernando Zeugner; Agapejev, Svetlana

    2008-09-01

    Stroke was probably first described in Psalms 136: 5-6 of the Catholic Bible, and Psalms 137:5-6 of the Evangelical Bible. Based on the Portuguese, Spanish, English, German, Dutch, Russian, Greek, and original Hebrew Bible, the significance of this Psalm is the invocation of a punishment, of which the final result would be a stroke of the left middle cerebral artery, causing motor aphasia and right hemiparesis.

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2009-01-01

    The introduction begins with a definition of normativity. Thereafter follows a presentation of the 10 articles of the book. These articles represent three areas: Reception and transformation of the Bible in literature, Reception and transformation of the Bible in philosophy, Reception and transfo......The introduction begins with a definition of normativity. Thereafter follows a presentation of the 10 articles of the book. These articles represent three areas: Reception and transformation of the Bible in literature, Reception and transformation of the Bible in philosophy, Reception...

  12. On the formation of Caldera’s

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Escher, B.G.

    1928-01-01

    In two previous publications (bibl. 1 and 2) I have brought the formation of calderas into relation with the gas phase, observed by Perret during the eruption of Vesuvius in 1906 (bibl. 3). In these papers I arrived at the conclusion that during the gas phase a cylinder is cored out, and that this m

  13. Suicide and Suicide Prevention: Greek versus Biblical Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Kalman J.

    1992-01-01

    Compares suicide in Greek tragedy and Hebrew Bible, concentrating on life situations portrayed in two sets of narratives promoting or preventing suicide. Notes frequency of suicides in Greek tragedy and infrequency of suicides in Bible. Compares stories of Narcissus and Jonah in attempt to pinpoint what is suicide-promoting in Greek narratives and…

  14. Religiosity and Music Copyright Theft among Canadian Baptist Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawcett, Bruce G.; Francis, Leslie J.; Henderson, Amanda J.; Robbins, Mandy; Linkletter, Jody

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the views of 706 Canadian Baptist youth (between the ages of 14 and 18 years) on the moral issue of music copyright theft, and explores the influence on these views of age, sex, Sunday church attendance, personal prayer, personal Bible reading, and conservative Bible believing. The participants were attending Springforth 2005…

  15. 38 CFR 3.209 - Birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... attendance at birth. (e) Copy of Bible or other family record certified to by a notary public or other officer with authority to administer oaths, who should state in what year the Bible or other book in which... establish the facts in issue, including census records, original baptismal records, hospital...

  16. On The Scarlet Letter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐丹

    2016-01-01

    Reading The Scarlet Letter, one is mostly impressed by the spirit of The Bible the story depicted. The book chiefly discusses sin and how to atone for it. Hester Prynne is the heroine of the fiction. This paper researches her fate to illustrate the influence of The Bible to Hawthorne.

  17. 在《圣经》角度下审视霍桑在《红字》中的原罪说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱瑞霞

    2010-01-01

    @@ Hawthorne is said to be a sin-haunted writer.Sin is the theme going through most of his works especially in The Scarlet Letter.In this paper, I try to analyze the theme "sin" by combining Hawthorne's view with Bible's correspondent evidence. I Hawthorne's Theory of Original Sin with Bible.

  18. Dyed Yarns And Dolphin Skins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudme, Anne Katrine de Hemmer

    2014-01-01

    In the Hebrew Bible, there are a remarkable number of texts dealing with temple building, temple furnishing and temple ritual. One would think that with the staggering amount of detailed descriptions offered in these texts a reconstruction of Hebrew Bible temples and ritual should be fairly strai...

  19. Justice, Benevolence, and Happiness: Encounter and Challenges in Global Legal Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Hanne

    2011-01-01

    This article compares core texts - the Bible and The Confucian Analects - and concepts from Western and Chinese normative cultures and further discusses inspirations from Buddhist norms in Western policy.......This article compares core texts - the Bible and The Confucian Analects - and concepts from Western and Chinese normative cultures and further discusses inspirations from Buddhist norms in Western policy....

  20. When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushman, Brad J; Ridge, Robert D; Das, Enny; Key, Colin W; Busath, Gregory L

    2007-03-01

    Violent people often claim that God sanctions their actions. In two studies, participants read a violent passage said to come from either the Bible or an ancient scroll. For half the participants, the passage said that God sanctioned the violence. Next, participants competed with an ostensible partner on a task in which the winner could blast the loser with loud noise through headphones (the aggression measure). Study 1 involved Brigham Young University students; 99% believed in God and in the Bible. Study 2 involved Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam students; 50% believed in God, and 27% believed in the Bible. In Study 1, aggression increased when the passage was from the Bible or mentioned God. In Study 2, aggression increased when the passage mentioned God, especially among participants who believed in God and in the Bible. These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers.

  1. The use and origin of the (Old and New Testament as Christianity’s canon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andries G. van Aarde

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explained the valuation of Christian believers with regard to the Christian Bible a ‘Holy Scripture’. In the article the notion ‘Scriptural authority’ was connected with an understanding of both the origin and use of the Christian canon. The article described the origin of the Bible in light of the supposition that the Bible functions as (1 book of theology, as well as (2 book of believers and as (3 book of the church. The article consisted of references to the role of the Old Testament and the New Testament canonical collections and the role of ecclesial synodal decisions. It also obtained a graphical overview of the history and dates of the New Testament writings as a canonical list. The article concluded with a reflection on the relevance for the use and authority of the Bible, seen from the perspective of the use and origin of the Bible as Christianity’s canon.

  2. PERCEPCIÓN DE LOS ESTUDIANTES SECUNDARIOS ACERCA DE LAS CLASES DE BIBLIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente León

    Full Text Available This study aimed to characterize the perceptions of students from first to fourth through Adventist secondary schools Chilean Union have on the development of Bible classes. It also sought to establish whether there were differences in perception by gender and accordingto the religion of the participants. The research was conducted in 2012 in 24 high schools argues that the Adventist Church in Chile. The total number of participants was 4,941. The instrument used for the development of the study was created expressly and subjected to testing content validity and construct using factor analysis yielded three factors called "Interest in Bible class", "Methodology for Bible class" and "Evaluation is done in Bible class." The indicators of the instrument were evaluated on a scale: never, rarely, sometimes, oftenand always. The results showed that, of the 29 indicators that make up the instrument, only 8 of which are on average closer to the category "generally" and 21 said "sometimes". The Student t test showed that there are gender differences in the dimension "Interest in Bible class" and how they perceive the dimension "Assessment" made it ". The way ANOVA showed differences of perception in students according to their religious origin in the dimensions "Interest in Bible class" in the "Methodology that is used in it" and the "Evaluation is done inthis class" . As a general conclusion may indicate that Bible class is a pending task that needs to be redesigned and greatly improved because the students in general not being perceived at an optimal level.

  3. The Concept of "Calling" and Its Relevance to the Military Professional

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    Calvin College in Grand Rapids, MI explains further that “Vocation implies a relationship with the one who calls us. Biblically, that caller is the...that expertise.12 Calling in the Bible Os Guinness describes what he calls “four essential strands” of calling in the Bible . First, he explains...are related: “in the Bible , one’s name frequently sums up the divinely given purpose or identity to which God calls that person.”15 Third

  4. 访英随想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘威

    2002-01-01

    我们这次访问的邀请单位是基督教联合圣经公会(The United Bible Society)、英国及国外圣经公会(The British & Foreign Bible Society)和苏格兰圣经公会(The Scottish Bible Society)。基督教联合圣经公会是一个全球性的超宗派的翻译、发行圣经的国际组织,在国际基督教界较有影响。

  5. Jung, the Pentateuch and ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eben Scheffler

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the contribution� that can� be made to the interpretation of the Bible by employing the analytical psychology of Carl Jung. After some relevant biographical considerations on Jung, his view of religion and the Bible is briefly considered, followed by a look into Genesis 1-3 in terms of his distinction of archetypes. It is suggested in the conclusion that Jungian psychological Biblical criticism can lead to a changed, but fresh view on the �authority� or influence of the Bible in the lives of (postmodern human beings and their (ethical behaviour.

  6. Review of Wang Lixin's Literary Studies of Hebrew Bible in the Context of Ancient Jewish History and Culture%希伯来圣经文学研究的厚重之作——评王立新的《古犹太历史文化语境下的希伯来圣经文学研究》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建军

    2014-01-01

    厚重的历史感、翔实的第一手资料和给读者以思想启迪是一部好书的基本标准.王立新教授的新书《古犹太历史文化语境下的希伯来圣经文学研究》,在对古犹太历史文化语境的深刻体味中,以翔实的第一手材料和一个严谨学者缜密的思辨,为我们重新阐释了这一历史文化乃至文学现象精深与奥秘,提出了很多新的看法与见解.应该说,这是近年来国内学术界出现的一部关于希伯来圣经文学研究的优秀著作.

  7. 客观·深入·创新——王立新著作《古犹太历史文化语境下的希伯来圣经文学研究》论析%Objective, Intensive & Innovative——Review on Literary Studies of the Hebrew Bible in the Context of Ancient Jewish History & Culture by WANG Lixin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏

    2015-01-01

    《古犹太历史文化语境下的希伯来圣经文学研究》是王立新教授的新著,运用大量翔实的历史资料对《希伯来圣经》的相关内容予以语境分析;时常引用希伯来原文,对其中一些关键字句进行语法、语义剖析;通篇以叙事学理论相贯穿,体现出文学性与系统性相结合的特征.

  8. 双希文化异同之渊源探析——以《荷马史诗》"战场"与《圣经》"园"意象为例%On Differences and Similarities between Greek and Hebrew Culture-Comparison between the Images of "the Garden" in Homer's Epics and the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付昌玲

    2011-01-01

    通过对中"战场"意象和中"园"意象的分析可以探究希腊文化和希伯来文化的异同,"战场"意象是古希腊人善武崇战的民族性格的必然选择;"园"意象凝结了希伯来民族对美好生活的期盼.战场之开放性与园之封闭性、战场之二元对抗与园之一元和谐、战场之人欲呐喊与园之神域向往构成了"战场"意象和"园"意象的特性差异,这反映了双希文化的根本差异.

  9. The Narrative in History, Portrayal of Characters and Discourse Powers : A Cultural Poetic Analysis of King Saul and King David in Hebrew Bible%历史叙述、人物塑造与话语权力:文化诗学观照下的扫罗与大卫王形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立新

    2008-01-01

    扫罗与大卫王的形象,在希伯来的早期历史文本、和晚期历史文本中发生了重大的变化.本文作者从文化诗学的角度分析认为,其原因在于早期历史文本与晚期历史文本分属不同的叙述传统并体现着不同的历史观念.前者的编写者采用"秉笔直书"的叙史原则,后者的编写者则采用"选择性书写"的叙史原则.作者指出,正是这背后的"话语权力"改变了扫罗和大卫原初的面貌,并塑造出了大卫"虔敬、无往而不胜"的符号化形象特征.

  10. "The Sole Correct Way Is to Formulate the Bible by Itself": Theory of Spinoza's Biblical Hermeneutics%"用《圣经》解释《圣经》是唯一正确的方式"——斯宾诺莎的《圣经》诠释学理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔永杰; 苏虹蕾

    2008-01-01

    长期以来,的解释权一直被教会权威所把持.为了正确解释,消除神学家的偏见,斯宾诺莎在对传统的解释方法及各种错误观点予以严厉驳斥的基础上,依据解释自然(解释自然在于解释自然的历史)的方法,首次明确提出了"据的历史以研究"的普遍法则.他视该方法为解释的唯一正确的方法,同时又具体剖析了该方法的"困难与缺点".斯宾诺莎的诠释学理论不仅为以后科学解释和批判奠定了基础,而且对后世诠释学的形成与发展产生了深远的影响.

  11. Primary study of the preventive effects of allicin, Hippohae rhamnoides oil and ginkgo bible extract on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity%大蒜素、沙棘油、银杏叶提取物对顺铂所致大鼠肾损害预防作用的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 高岩松; 仲来福

    2002-01-01

    目的:研究大蒜素、沙棘油、银杏叶提取物对顺铂(CDDP)所致肾损害的预防作用.方法:将30只SD大鼠随机分5组,分别为对照组(生理盐水组)、CDDP组、CDDP+银杏叶提取物组、CDDP+大蒜素组、CDDP+沙棘油组,进行急性毒性实验,分别测定体重、肾脏系数、血清尿素氮等指标(BUN).结果:CDDP+大蒜素组和CDDP+沙棘油组BUN水平较CDDP组明显降低(P<0.05).结论:大蒜素和沙棘油能减轻CDDP所致肾损害作用.

  12. On Final Version of Translation from the Perspective of Inter-subjectivity---A Case Study of Bible' s Translation%从主体间性看翻译有无“定本”--以《圣经》翻译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓燕; 徐晓娜

    2015-01-01

    主体间性本是一个哲学术语,但现已被应用到翻译学研究中,为翻译研究提供了一个新的研究视角。本文以《圣经》的翻译为例,探讨了翻译领域出现的有无“定本”问题。翻译无“定本”,不同译本的出现有其存在的必然性和必要性。复译对于翻译实践和翻译理论研究都有着积极的意义。%Inter-subjectivity, originally a philosophical has been applied in the study of translation, providing a new perspective for translation study. With Bible’s translation as a case, the topic that whether translation has final version is investigated. The authors point out that translation does not have a final version, and the emergences of dif-ferent translation versions have their inevitability and necessity of existence. At the same time, retranslation is of great significance to translation practice and translation theory research.

  13. 谈古希伯来文学和早期基督教文学的教学定位%Restore the Bible to Its Original Position-On the Teaching Orientation of Ancient Hebrew Literature and Early Christian Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹振球

    2005-01-01

    忽视古希伯来文学对西方文学全面而深刻的影响,是我国外国文学界长期存在的一个严重的倾向性问题.高等学校的外国文学教学应该在古希腊罗马文学与中世纪文学之间增加"古希伯来文学与早期基督教文学"一章.只有补上这条线,我们才能真正把握西方文学内在的发展脉络和精神实质.我们的外国文学研究也将由此而出现新的局面.

  14. 《圣经》和基督教的自然观——近代科学产生和发展的宗教根源%The Nature Viewpoints of the Bible and Christianity——The religion roots of the origin and development of the modern science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文举

    2008-01-01

    从根本上,基督教不是科学的反对性力量,而是近、现代科学的诱发性和促进性力量.本文尝试从和基督教的自然观方面阐明近代科学得以产生和发展的宗教根源,这方面包括自然的非神化,宇宙的秩序化,人对自然的优先地位,认识上对经验事实的开放态度,观念上对手工工作的尊重等.

  15. Sem lenço, sem documento e com uma Bíblia nas mãos: o movimento estudantil evangélico nos anos sessenta (Without handerchief, without document and a Bible in hands: the evangelical student movement in the sixties. DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n26p385

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gusmão de Quadros

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Os movimentos juvenis tiveram papel destacado nas transformações do campo protestante no Brasil durante as décadas de cinquenta e sessenta. Neste artigo, enfocamos especialmente a história dos grupos evangélicos que exerceram o trabalho religioso dentro das universidades: a Associação Cristã Acadêmica e a Aliança Bíblica Universitária do Brasil. Para compreender melhor as inovações que trouxeram, traçamos primeiramente um quadro do protestantismo brasileiro após a Segunda Guerra Mundial. Em segundo lugar, fazemos uma história das organizações estudantis de tradição evangélica, enfatizando suas diferenças identitárias e sua busca de penetração nas instituições eclesiásticas. Por fim, analisamos o contexto repressivo dentro e fora das igrejas após golpe civil-militar ocorrido em abril de 1964. Apresentamos, assim, as diferentes propostas teológicas, as práticas inovadoras e os embates surgidos com as instituições na tentativa de articulação feita pelos jovens entre as exigências confessionais do meio protestante, o engajamento sócio-político e o ambiente universitário da década de sessenta. Palavras-Chave: Universidade. Movimento Estudantil. Engajamento Social. Política.  Abstract: The youthful movements has a paper detached in transformations of Brazil’s protestant field during the 50’s and 60’s decades. In this article, we look at the history of evangelical groups inside the universities with religious work: the Academic Christian Association and the University Biblical Alliance of Brazil. To better understand the innovations, we, first, traced a picture of the Brazilian’s Protestantism after World War II. In second place, we make an history of student’s organizations in evangelical tradition, emphasizing its identities, differences and search of presence although ecclesiastical institutions.  Finally, we analyze a repressive context inside and outside of protestant churches after military government since April of 1964. We present, thus, different theological proposals, the innovator’s practices and strikes appeared with ecclesiastical institutions in attempt of joint, by young men and women ones, the confessional requirements of churches, the social political paper and the university environment of  Sixties. Keywords: Evangelicals. University. Student. Social Engagement. Politics.

  16. Choosing a Geothermal as an HVAC System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lensenbigler, John D.

    2002-01-01

    Describes the process of selecting and installing geothermal water source heat pumps for new residence halls at Johnson Bible College in Knoxville, Tennessee, including choosing the type of geothermal design, contractors, and interior equipment, and cost and payback. (EV)

  17. Muusika-DVD / Mart Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Mart, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Duran Duran "Live From London", Green Day "Bullet In A Bible", Prodigy "Their Law", Ian Anderson "Ian Anderson Plays The Orchestral Jethro Tull", Alison Moyet "One Blue Voice", Terminaator "Go Live 2005", ERA "The complete ERA Video Collection"

  18. Dogmatic behavior among students: testing a new measure of dogmatism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altemeyer, Bob

    2002-12-01

    The study tested the validity of a new measure of dogmatism by examining university students' evaluations of the Bible. Those who believed that every word in the Bible came directly from God and that the Bible is free of any error, contradiction, or inconsistency scored much higher on this dogmatism measure than students who thought otherwise. Such "true believers" then read the 4 highly varying Gospel accounts of the resurrection of Jesus. The most dogmatic of them still insisted there were no contradictions or inconsistencies in the Bible. The less dogmatic acknowledged that contradictions and inconsistencies exist. These results reinforce those of 4 earlier studies that indicated that the new measure of dogmatism has empirical validity.

  19. Teologie kroniek: Skrifverstaan en die Nuwe Hervorming1 Theology Chronicle: Understanding of Scripture and the �New Reformation�

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D J Human

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available During the last decade a group of South African theologians have stirred a part of the Afrikaans ecclesiastical community with statements� and arguments on several faith issues, including the interpretation of the Bible. Adherents of the movement call themselves the New Reformation (�Nuwe Hervorming�. This theology chronicle is an attempt to touch on some hermeneutical challenges for understanding Scripture. To the Church the Bible is the norm and source of faith. Paradigm shifts have been caused by the Enlightenment and influenced the understanding of Scripture. Historical Criticism, for example, has brought multiple perspectives to the reading of biblical texts. More approaches to biblical understanding originated. For the ordinary Bible reader and believer these approaches sometimes seem to be confusing. This explanation is an attempt to create better understanding for Bible reading in our times. It concludes with a short assessment of the current role� the New Reformation movement plays in the hermeneutical debate.

  20. Eesti Bachelard : [retseptsioonist] / Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Marek, 1973-

    2000-01-01

    Bibl. joonealustes märkustes. Seoses Gaston Bachelard'i teoste retseptsiooniga Eestis on artiklis nimetatud Aleksander Aspelit, Tõnu Kõivu, Haljand Udamit, Mati Unti (romaan "Sügisball") ja Mihkel Mutti

  1. Tõlkesund / Peeter Torop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Torop, Peeter, 1950-

    2002-01-01

    Bibl. lk. 205-206. Kokkuvõte "Forced translation", lk. 362. Sundtõlkimisest Nõukogude Eestis. Ka August Sanga ja Ants Orase tõlketegevusest ning Ch. Baudelaire'i tõlkekogumiku "Kurja lilled" ettevalmistamisest (koost. A. Sang)

  2. J. M. Lotman : ot istorii literaturõ k semiotike kulturõ (o granitsah lotmanovskoi semiosferõ) / Ljubov Kisseljova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kisseljova, Ljubov, 1950-

    1998-01-01

    Bibl. märkustes, lk. 18-21. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 306-307. Juri Lotmani teadusliku tegevuse varasemast etapist (eriti artiklitest A. Pushkini loomingu kohta), selle mõjust tema kultuurisemiootikale

  3. Elementõ polititsheskoi mifologii Tjuttsheva (kommentari k state 1844 g.) / Aleksandr Ospovat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ospovat, Aleksandr

    1999-01-01

    Bibl. lk. 259-263. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 321. Kiri ajalehe "Allgemeine Zeitung" (Augsburg) toimetajale Gustav Kolbile (1844, prantsuse k.). Artikli venek. versioon (pealk. "Venemaa ja Saksamaa") publitseeriti ajakirjas Russki arhiv (1873, nr. 10)

  4. 76 FR 37379 - Meeting of National Council on the Humanities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-27

    .... Reports 1. Introductory Remarks 2. Presentation on the 400th Anniversary of the King James Bible by Dr. Stephen Enniss, Chief Librarian of the Folger Shakespeare Library 3. Staff Report 4. Congressional...

  5. Pop / Tristan Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Tristan, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Manic Street Preachers "Holy Bible - 10th Anniversary Edition", Psychoterror "Freddy, löö esimesena!", Filmimuusika "Ray", Daddy G "DJ Kicks", Gwen Stefani "Love Angel Music Baby", Tarwater "The Needle Was Travelling"

  6. Popmuusika / Mart Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Mart, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest "Walk The Line", "B.B. King & Friends", Green Day "Bullet In A Bible", "It's All Gone Pete Tong O.S.T.", Mogwai "Mr. Beast", Cypress Hill "Greatest Hits From The Bong", Sway "This Is My Demo"

  7. The Differences between Chinese and Eng-lish Cultures Reflected In the Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪丹萍; 孙丰霞; 祝钰; 朱凡

    2008-01-01

    1. The relationship betweenculture and languageTo give the barest of definition, lan-guage is a means of verbal communica-tion. According to the Bible there on earthwas only one language and one set of wor-

  8. Obraz Stalina v tvortshestve A. Solzhenitsõna, V. Maksimova, J. Druzhnikova / Lucjan Suchanek ; poola keelest tõlkinud autor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suchanek, Lucjan

    2002-01-01

    Bibl. märkustes, lk. 138. Stalin tegelaskujuna Aleksandr Solzhenitsõni "Esimeses ringis" ning Vladimir Maksimovi ("Kovtsheg dlja nezvanõh") ja Juri Druzhnikovi ("Angelõ na kontshike iglõ") teostes

  9. Solving the conundrum of Job: a probable biblical description of chronic renal failure with neurological symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resende, Luiz Antonio de Lima; Kirchner, Daniel Rocco; Ruiz e Resende, Lucilene Silva

    2009-06-01

    The disease described in the Bible's Book of Job is controversial and had been of interest of theologists, psychiatrists, and dermatologists for many years. We describe several signs and symptoms compatible with chronic renal failure with neurological alterations.

  10. "Master i Margarita" - teatralnõi roman? / Susanna Witt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Witt, Susanna

    1998-01-01

    Bibl. lk. 316. Kokkuvõte inglise k. "Master and Margarita - a theatrical novel?". ""Meister ja Margarita" - teatriromaan?". Mihhail Bulgakovi romaani "Meister ja Margarita" kahene struktuur ja ukraina rahvuslik nukuteater vertep

  11. Oor die inspirasie van die Bybel � �n Perspektief van �n Ou Testamentikus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S D (Fanie Snyman

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is an attempt to engage in a onversation between biblical� scholars and� their dogmatic colleagues on the issue of the inspiration of the Bible. It is argued that current theories on the inspiration of the Bible can no longer be maintained� in the light of our knowledge of the origin and growth of especially the Old Testament.� Because� of the fact that the Old Testament came into being over a considerable period of time, the idea of inspiration should be broadened to include the whole process of canonization. The idea of inspiration should be broadened ever further to include the translation and preaching of the Bible. In the end it is stated that the inspiration of the Bible is something that cannot be captured in a theory, it can only be confessed as part of the faith of believers.�

  12. Istorija odnogo posvjashtshenija / Pavel Reifman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reifman, Pavel, 1923-2012

    1998-01-01

    Bibl. märkustes, lk. 50. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 280. Zara Mintsi ja Juri Lotmani suhetest tšehhi kirjandusteadlastega ja nende seisukohast Tšehhoslovakkia okupeerimisse Varssavi pakti riikide poolt 1968. a

  13. Maastrichti vahetuskursi ja inflatsioonikriteeriumi täitmine nominaalse konvergentsi perioodil / John Lewis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lewis, John

    2007-01-01

    Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikide euroalasse vastuvõtmise kahe kriteeriumi, vahetuskursi stabiilsuse ja madala inflatsioonitaseme, samaaegse täitmisega seotud probleemidest. Tabelid. Graafikud. Ilmunud ka: Kroon & Economy, nr. 3, 2007, lk. 6-13. - Bibl. lk. 37

  14. Ökosoofia objekt / Felix Guattari ; tõlk. Tiina Randus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guattari, Felix

    2006-01-01

    Vajalikkusest asendada ühiskonda lõhestavad vanad ideoloogiad uue holistliku ökosoofilise lähenemisega, mis liidaks kokku erinevad subjektiivsed, keskkondlikud ja sotsiaalsed ökosüsteemid. Bibl. lk. 86

  15. Kurja kirjanikus suurus : prestiizhi ja ideoloogia konfliktid prantsuse tuumautorite retseptsioonisSartre'i näol / Katre Talviste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talviste, Katre

    2002-01-01

    Bibl. lk. 127. Kokkuvõte "The greatness of an angry writer: conflicts between prestige and ideology in the reception of French core authors - Sartre's case", lk. 360. Sartre eesti kirjanduskriitikas viimase poole sajandi jooksul

  16. 1830 god : istoriko-polititsheski kontekst spora na butõlku shampanskogo / Vera Miltshina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Miltshina, Vera

    2000-01-01

    Bibl. märkustes, lk. 125-136. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 440. A. Pushkini suhtumisest Prantsuse 1830. a. revolutsiooni järgsesse nn. ministrite protsessi. Aleksndr Turgenevi kommentaarid protsessile (A. Turgenev elas sel ajal Pariisis)

  17. 77 FR 51546 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... appropriate landholding agencies at the following addresses AIR FORCE: Mr. Robert Moore, Air Force Real... Alan Bible Federal Bldg. 600 S. Las Vegas Blvd. Las Vegas NV 89101 Landholding Agency: GSA...

  18. Rahvastikuteadus ja Eesti rahvastikuarengu pöördepunktid / Kalev Katus, Allan Puur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katus, Kalev, 1955-2008

    2006-01-01

    Järg nr. 3 lk. 491-522. Bibl. lk. 511-521. Rahvastikuteaduse tekke- ja arenguloost, rahvastikuarengu kui iseseisva sotsiaalsüsteemi seaduspärasustest ning demograafilisest üleminekust rahvastikutaaste arenguetapina. Tabelid

  19. Emergence of evangelical theology in Scotland to 1550

    OpenAIRE

    Dotterweich, Martin Holt

    2002-01-01

    Religious dissent in Scotland in the years before 1550 is best categorised as evangelical: the two characteristics which mark dissenting activity are the doct[r]ine of justification by faith alone, and the reading of the Bible in the vernacular. Dissent can be found in the southwest from lay preacher Quintin Folkhyrde in 1410 to a small but identifiable group of Lollards in Ayrshire who were tried in 1494 for group Bible reading, eschewing rituals, and challenging the authority of the ecclesi...

  20. Wat beteken ‘die Bybel sê’? ’n Tipologie van leserskonstrukte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J. Smith

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available What does ‘the Bible says’ mean? A typology of reader constructs It is argued that the unity of the Bible, so important to (Reformed theology, ethics and life, is inevitably the result of constructs on the part of reader communities. A typology of such constructs is suggested, organising of ‘the Bible’ in diverse ways, in order to facilitate discussion between systematic theologians and biblical scholars.

  1. Moses and the Invasion of the Body Snatchers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager

    2011-01-01

    Durkheim’s theory of religion with special regards to assembling, effervescence, and sharing of representation compared to the Horeb Narrative and memory as a theme in the sermons in the book of Deuteronomy (Hebrew Bible).......Durkheim’s theory of religion with special regards to assembling, effervescence, and sharing of representation compared to the Horeb Narrative and memory as a theme in the sermons in the book of Deuteronomy (Hebrew Bible)....

  2. Shakespeare’s The Tempest:An Archetypal Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗鹏

    2014-01-01

    The Tempest, most likely the last play written entirely by Shakespeare, parallels The Genesis of the Bible in its plot and structure. It seems that the Moses in The Genesis goes out of the bible and becomes Prospero to save people’s soul and help them out of the trouble. This article endeavors to analyze the archetypes of the drama in terms of its individual stories and overall pat-tern.

  3. La Biblia de Coimbra y la “Escuela Andaluza” de iluminación hebraica

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Several Hebrew manuscripts produced in Lower Andalusia between 1468 and 1482 share the same type of decoration characterised by marked aniconism, absence of colour, and the use of micrographic patterns of Islamic or Mudéjar influence, in a clear attempt to recuperate the decorative schemes of 13th-century Toledan Hebrew manuscripts. In this study one of these manuscripts, the Hebrew Bible known as the Abravanel Bible preserved at the University of Coimbra in Portugal, serves as a starting poi...

  4. Peacemaking: The Effectiveness of British Strategy in Northern Ireland, 1969-1972

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-05

    confiscated lands, brought a new religion to Ireland. These were followers of John Calvin . They had no bishops; instead the elders or ’presbyters’ of...ondonderry, the designer of the act, reasoned: all the quarrels between Roman Catholics ,and Protestants arose out ef thz teaching of the Bible and as...achieved if there was no Bible instruction and if Roman Ciatholic and Protestant children mixed in the same schools.55 Boih the Roman Catholic and

  5. JPRS Report, East Asia, Southeast Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-09

    promotion that is done. This was pointed out by Calvin Chen, spokesman for the Taiwan KADIN [Chamber of Commerce and Industry] for Indonesia to PEMBARUAN...senatorial candidate he regaled us with a Christian pitch while seated patricianly in a soft focus garden with a Bible on his lap and children...consistent with the senator’s gritty determi- nation to project himself as a political alternative, no matter what prop— Bible , umbrella, candle—he has to

  6. 论托马斯·哈代在《德伯家的苔丝》中矛盾的宗教观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静

    2011-01-01

    @@ Tess of the D' Urbervilles is unanimously considered to be a masterpiece in the world literary history.The influence of Christianity and Bible on Thomas Hardy is undoubted.The spirit of the Bible has deeply penetrated into this novel.However,Hary's attitude toward religion is paradoxical in the book.Although he can't free himself from the emotional involvement of church,he portrays Christianity as a transient and ineffectual creed based on dubious legends no longer believed.

  7. Risky Business: Why DoD Needs a New Risk Management Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    DoDI) 5000.2—“Operation of the Defense Acquisi-tion System”—the DoD’s “ Bible ” for Program Management (PM), uses the word “risk” 67 times within its 80...RM.” The answer to the first ques- tion is the basis for this article. The lack of guidance on RM in the DoD acquisition “ Bible ” is indicative of a

  8. Présentation d’une controverse : les Écritures face à la critique biblique au xixe siècle en Grande-Bretagne  Overview of a Controversy: the Scriptures and 19th-Century Biblical Criticism in Great Britain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Slaby

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Until the beginning of the 19th century, most of the Catholic, Anglican and Protestant exegetes, theologians and regular churchgoers thought that the Bible was the Word of God, and that God’s truth was present in every word of the Scriptures. Thereafter, biblical studies had to deal with questions that had emerged from the intellectual explosion and scholarly revolution of the previous centuries, and that were still very difficult to handle in their relationship with the Scriptures. The controversy around the authority of the Bible gained ever-increasing momentum as the century unfolded, and was responsible for the division of Bible scholars into two or three major groups whose general conclusions revealed the dynamic element in their studies and interpretation of the Bible. As the positivist and “liberal” critics privileged the use of reason in their approach, it comes as no surprise that the natural or human aspect should be taken into greater consideration by them than by the “orthodox” and “traditionalist” thinkers who privileged the use of faith and took into account the supernatural or divine aspect in their study of the Bible. Although the inerrancy of the Bible sometimes underlies textual, literary or historical discoveries, or matters of inspiration and divine revelation in the Scriptures, this article will identify elements of change and continuity as regards biblical inerrancy.

  9. Probleme rondom die Bybel in die gereformeerde teologie: besinning vanuit ’n Christelike filosofie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. J. van der Walt

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Problems with the Bible in reformed theology: reflections from a Christian philosophical perspective The motivation for undertaking this investigation is the present tension in the reformed theology and in the reformed churches in South Africa. In spite of the fact that the reformed tradition confesses the authority of the Bible, theologians and church leaders are at the moment divided on how to view and interpret the Scriptures. They disagree about the message of God’s Word in the case of topical issues, for instance whether women should be allowed in ecclesiastical offices or on what the Bible has to say about homosexuality. The author is of the opinion that these tensions in the same church are caused, not only by different methods of interpreting the Bible but, at a much deeper level, also by the way in which one views the Bible according to different worldviews. In trying to resolve these problems and the resulting conflict of opinion, a Christian philosophical approach will be taken instead of the current theological efforts.

  10. Лингвистические особенности перевода 'латинских' книг Геннадиевской библии 1499 г.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Инна Вернер

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Inna VernerThe linguistic peculiarities of the translation of “Latin” books in the 1499 Gennadij BibleThe purpose of this article is to reconstruct and interpret the principles of translation in the 1499 Gennadij Bible. This reconstruction speaks for the high linguistic quality of this translation, the work of the Dominican monk Veniamin. His translation can be considered an original textual codification of Church Slavonic. However, Veniamin’s codification conflicted with the use of contemporary Church Slavonic texts. Some non-standard grammatical forms in the Gennadij Bible are the result of translation from Latin according to homonymous principles. Most of the incorrect forms depend not so much on Latin, as on the impact of the Italian lingua vernacula (“vol’gare” or “frjazhskij”, known to Veniamin. Grammatical forms were mainly translated in the Gennadij Bible through analogy with volgare. Finally, the author speculates on the possibility of not a German, but an Italian edition of the Vulgate having been used for the Gennadij Bible translation.

  11. APLIKASI QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM DENGAN METODE RULE-BASED QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM PADA ALKITAB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Handojo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Bible as the holy book of Christians who are very close to the religious life and as a moral guide for Christians. So the Bible become a necessity when a christians want to search for for specific data or information. But sometimes to find the answer to a question people sometimes having a trouble, because people did not know how to find the answer that they are looking for at the verses in the Bible that’s relatively large of amount. Therefore an application that have an ability to provide answers from the Bible verses that have the possibility of answers to questions raised by the user is needed. Where users can enter questions using keyword when, where, why, whom and what. Question Answering System Application will operate on a digital Bible in Indonesian language by using Rule-Based Question Answering System and created using Visual Basic 6.0 and Microsoft Access 2003 database. Based on application testing that made, the aplication has been able to find answers to the questions that asked according to the keywords. Meanwhile, based on testing with the questionnaire, the application obtained an average percentage of 77.2% from the respondents.

  12. 彝族创世史诗《勒俄特衣》中的朴素唯物主义思想*--兼谈与西方宗教经典《圣经》的比较%The Simple Materialism in Le’e TeYi--the Creation Epic of Yi Nationality--And the Discussion on the Comparison between Le’e Te Yi and the Western Religious Classics--Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙马打各

    2013-01-01

    大凡历史悠久的民族都有自己的民族原创的以口传或者文本的形式叙述的关于宇宙和人类起源的创世史诗。彝族先民以口传勒俄的形式阐释了自己对宇宙万物产生、人类起源的看法,其中无不包含彝族先民朴素的唯物主义思想,这种宇宙观对彝族人世界观的形成和方法论的运用具有深远的影响。%Every nationality that has a long history has its own creation epic which narrated about the origin of the cosmos and human in oral or written way. The ancestors of Yi people explained their ideas about the origin of the cosmos and human in Le’eTeYi in oral way, in which there was simple materialism of the ancestors of Yi people. This kind of cosmology has a deep effect on the formation of the world outlook and the utilization of the methodology of Yi people.

  13. History and theory of Scripture translations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude Loba-Mkole

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article argues for the importance of Bible translations through its historical achievements and theoretical frames of reference. The missionary expansion of Christianity owes its very being to translations. The early Christian communities knew the Bible through the LXX translations while churches today still continue to use various translations. Translations shape Scripture interpretations, especially when a given interpretation depends on a particular translation. A particular interpretation can also influence a given translation. The article shows how translation theories have been developed to clarify and how the transaction source-target is culturally handled. The articles discuss some of these “theoretical frames”, namely the functional equivalence, relevance, literary functional equivalence and intercultural mediation. By means of a historical overview and a reflection on Bible translation theories the article aims to focus on the role of Africa in translation history.

  14. Bybelkunde as eiesoortige teologiese dissipline binne 'n veranderende Suid-Afrikaanse konteks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.J. Joubert

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Biblical Studies as a distinctive theological discipline within a changing South-African context. Biblical Studies balances on the dividing line between different realities: between the religious experiences expressed in the Bible and contemporary theological interpretations thereof, and between the scientific activities of modem universities and reflections on God's saving acts in history in different religious communities. Within these spheres Biblical Studies must carve out its own niche as a functionally independent theological discipline, by making its own theoretical reflections on the Bible relevant within the changing South-African context. This can be achieved through, amongst others, the study of the history and theology of the Old Testament and the New Testament, the intercultural communication of Biblical values, the exposure of students to different religions on phenomenological level, and the activation of students' creative abilities through a study of the impact of the Bible on various art forms.

  15. When Translation Becomes a Sign of the Last Days

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    have introduced new religious Christian denominations into the Arab world. In these translations, the issue of the relationship between religion and eschatology is seen to be inscribed within the very conception of translation itself. This paper shall look into Jehovah’s Witnesses’ Arabic Bible...... Translation New World translation of the Holy Scriptures, and address how this messianic evangelical Christian group re-constructs the relationship of religion –universality of one truth and its embodiment in one community of faith – and translation of the Bible as a sign of the last days in harmony...... with with the Gospel of Matthew 24:14 "And this good news of the Kingdom will be preached in all the inhabited earth for a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come." I shall also argue that translating the Bible according to Jehovah’s Witnesses consists of de-culturising the biblical message in order...

  16. 论圣经中的家庭观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫娟

    2011-01-01

    Holy Bible,also called Scripture,has always been the most faithful mate of human beings.The paper aims to describe the point of view on family in Scripture.First of all,the general introduction begins.Secondly,the opinion on the eldest son in one family and what he should do in his family.Paying much attention does not mean ignoring women,so another view on the women is raised to be discussed.Marriage is the part and parcel of families; next,the responsibilities are covered,that is,in Bible,what they should do.Bible is really a great piece of works that deserves close - reading.It' s certain that it will give you a lot of aspirations !

  17. The Archetypes of the Characters in The Scarlet Letter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成程

    2015-01-01

    Nathaniel Hawthorne and his works are deeply influenced by the religion and the Holy Bible.It has many corresponding relationships between the Biblical allusions and the characters,plot and theme in the Scarlet Letter.Hawthorne gave the novel symbolic characters in order to give this symbolism novel a deeper connotation,by borrowing quite a lot of the Biblical allusions.The Scarlet Letter established Hawthorne as the most important 19th century romantic novelist in the United States.This paper attempts to analyze the characteristics and the life experience of the figures in the novel,such as Hester Prynne,Chillingworth,Dimmesdale and Pearl by using the archetypal criticism.The paper also will compare the novel to the Holy Bible so that we canfind the archetypes of the Holy Bible hidden in the Scarlet Letter.

  18. The Archetypes of the Characters in The Scarlet Letter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成程

    2015-01-01

    Nathaniel Hawthorne and his works are deeply influenced by the religion and the Holy Bible.It has many corresponding relationships between the Biblical allusions and the characters,plot and theme in the Scarlet Letter.Hawthorne gave the novel symbolic characters in order to give this symbolism novel a deeper connotation,by borrowing quite a lot of the Biblical allusions.The Scarlet Letter established Hawthorne as the most important 19 th century romantic novelist in the United States.This paper attempts to analyze the characteristics and the life experience of the figures in the novel,such as Hester Prynne,Chillingworth,Dimmesdale and Pearl by using the archetypal criticism.The paper also will compare the novel to the Holy Bible so that we can find the archetypes of the Holy Bible hidden in the Scarlet Letter.

  19. Respons op Die dood van die outeur en die inspirasie van die Bybel: in gesprek met P.J. Nel en S.D. Snyman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D. (Fanie Snyman

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Response to The death of the author and the inspiration of the Bible: in discussion with P.J. Nel and S.D. Snyman This contribution is a response to an article that enters into a debate with an earlier article by the present author published in 2003, where it was argued that current theories on the inspiration of the Bible can no longer be maintained due to our knowledge of the origin of especially the Old Testament. In this response it is argued that the arguments put forward as a critique of the earlier article are not convincing. Arguments against current theories of the inspiration of the Bible are taken note of, but they are not countered for. Furthermore, some of the arguments are simply ignored. The status quo seems to be the answer proposed.

  20. Religion and Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    group breaks totally with the existing Arabic Bible translations that they were in the habit of using. In this translation, the previously strenuous relationship between culture and religion is flattened in a binary sets of oppositions between an unaltered Devine message preserved in ancient Bible...... of this paper to shed some light on Jehovah’s Witnesses theological perception of religion and culture within the context of modern Arab Christianity; a subject that has not received the scholarly attention it deserves. This paper shall also look into Jehovah’s Witnesses’ Arabic Bible Translation New World...... translation of the Holy Scriptures, and address how an originally-American Christian group re-constructs the relationship of religion –universality of one truth and its embodiment in one community of faith – and culture; and specifically, Arabic culture. Culture, in its manifold forms -Jehovah’s witnesses...

  1. Boekbesprekings: Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.J. Smith

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Coming of age: Exploring the identity and spirituality of younger men Deliver us from evil: Interpreting the redemption from the power of Satan in New Testament theology The promise of baptism: An introduction to baptism in Scripture and the Reformed tradition The word that describes the world: The Bible and discipleship Jesus now and then Jesus and identity: Reconstructing Judean ethnicity in Q (Matrix: The Bible in Mediterranean context, 2 In het teken van tegenspraak: Steekhoudende gedachten van Soren Kierkegaard The miraculous parallelisms of John The living dead and the living God: Christ and the ancestors in a changing Africa The unfolding drama of the Bible Om die Bybel anders te lees: 'n Etiek van Bybellees

  2. Newer insights to the neurological diseases among biblical characters of old testament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathew Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Many people over the years have studied the Bible from a medical point of view offering diagnoses for the symptoms and signs that appear to have afflicted numerous individuals in the Bible. We review the biblical characters in the Old Testament and offer newer insights to their neurological diseases. We first look at the battle between Goliath and David. Interestingly, Goliath probably suffered from acromegaly. We propose autism as a diagnosis for Samson which would precede the first known case of autism by centuries. Isaac was a diabetic, and he probably had autonomic neuropathy. Few verses from the books of I Samuel, Psalms, and Ezekiel reveal symptoms suggestive of stroke. Jacob suffered from sciatica, and the child of the Shunnamite woman in II Kings had a subarachnoid hemorrhage. These instances among others found in the Old Testament of the Bible offer newer insights on the history of current neurological diseases.

  3. Inside-Outside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudme, Anne Katrine de Hemmer

    2014-01-01

    The present article explores the concept of domestic space in biblical memory with special focus on domestic space as liminal space in a field of tension between the binaries inside-outside and safety-danger. In the Hebrew Bible, domestic space is primarily portrayed as safe and sheltered space...... and as the core locus for hospitality, but at the same time the Hebrew Bible stresses that although domestic space is tied to the activities of women, women are not in fact entitled to offer hospitality....

  4. A Time to Build: An Expanded Role for United States Reserve Forces in Central America and the Caribbean

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    injustice from the Bible and slowly reads the narrative of Cain and Able. The conclusion is that injustice is rooted in what the Bible calls "sin"--that is...and spacious land" [3:7-8. She outlines the exodus narrative and they discuss what it means to say God hears the cry of his oporessed people and...want the civilian populace to say "It’s the Americans that are building this road." It’s (the Honduran military) that is doing it and we are assisting

  5. The distinctive nature of Calvin’s Institutes and certain motifs in his theology

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Calvin’s life, work, and theological writings are all of a piece. One cannot fullyappreciate the Institutes if one is not aware of Calvin’s own personal piety and consciousness of the presence of the Holy Spirit in his life. The Institutes was noteven originally written as a dogmatic or systematic theology, but as an aid to the understanding of the Bible. Calvin’s original intention was to write a handbook which would serve as an introduction to the reading of the Bible, not for theologians b...

  6. Entre salmos e parábolas: Leitura bíblica a partir da análise teológico-literária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Fonseca Alonso Junior

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the theological and literary analysis of biblical texts. To do so, it uses the contributions of literary critics and theologians whose researches have focused on the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Bibles. Such texts are considered an essential literal heritage to understand human life in our time. In addition, they represent guidance for religious life (Jewish and Christian, which, in turn, is expressed in various literary forms.As a theological and literary experimentation, the development of this article ends with the observation of poetry in the biblical texts and poetry of this wellspring of ambiguity, concluding with a reading of the text of Job.

  7. WHY JESUS CHRIST CAME INTO THE WORLD?... (A New theory on “TIE MINISTRY”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Arulmani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available According to BIBLE there were so many Commandments, Covenants were given to the ancient human populations by “HEAVENLY FATHER” right from “ADAM”, “EVE” to the period of “JOESPH” “MARY” through various lineage of NOAH, ABRAHAM, JACOB MOSES, DAVID, DANIEL, SOLOMON, ISAIAH, JEREMIAH etc.

  8. Transitioning from a Theological College to a Christian University in East African Context: A Multi-Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulatu, Semeon

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation analyzed and described transitions from a theological or Bible college to a Christian liberal arts college or university in East African context. The research was specially driven by the desire to find out the reasons for such transitions, the challenges of the transition process and how such transitions affect the mission of the…

  9. Addressing Poverty Issues in Christian Schools: Teachers' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bankston, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of Christian education is to incorporate Biblical values in the curriculum, and one essential message in the Bible is to reach out and liberate the poor. Through interviews, writing protocols, a focus group meeting, and document analysis, this narrative study focuses on the question of how do Christian educators create pedagogical…

  10. A Developing Theology of Poverty and Health Applied to Nursing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cone, Pamela M. H.

    2015-01-01

    Throughout history, the issue of poverty has been a problem in society. In this article, examination of Hebrew and Greek words related to poverty throughout the Bible revealed descriptions of the various types and causes of poverty. Historical research uncovered writings on poverty by several early Church Fathers and influential Christian scholars…

  11. Physics of Radiology

    CERN Document Server

    Johns, Harold Elford

    1983-01-01

    Authority, comprehensivity and a consummate manner of presentation have been hallmarks of The Physics of Radiology since it first saw publication some three decades past. This Fourth Edition adheres to that tradition but again updates the context. It thoroughly integrates ideas recently advanced and practices lately effected. Students and professionals alike will continue to view it, in essence, as the bible of radiological physics.

  12. [Application of Nida's theory in English translation of traditional Chinese medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yong-an; Li, Jing-yun

    2006-09-01

    The famous American translation theorist Eugene A. Nida has put forward lots of viewpoints and theories for translation work when he translated the Bible, which have important practical instructional meaning for translation of traditional Chinese medicine nowadays. The application of Nida's theories to translating practice of TCM is illustrated by specific examples in this paper.

  13. Strategies in Translating Collocations in Religious Texts from Arabic into English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dweik, Bader S.; Shakra, Mariam M. Abu

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated the strategies adopted by students in translating specific lexical and semantic collocations in three religious texts namely, the Holy Quran, the Hadith and the Bible. For this purpose, the researchers selected a purposive sample of 35 MA translation students enrolled in three different public and private Jordanian…

  14. Kultuurkapitali lugu : 1920. aastate kirjanduskriitika mõistmiseks / Marin Laak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laak, Marin, 1964-

    1996-01-01

    Bibl. 54 nim. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 267. Sisu: Kultuurkapital ja kriitika, sissejuhatuseks; Kultuurkapitali lugu: ideest institutsioonini : 1. Kirjanike palgad, Tuglas; 2. Riilik abiraha "lendavad sead"; 3. Sõjakäik kultuurkapitali vastu; 4. Kirjanikud "noorurite" vastu; 5. Kirjandus ja riik, kokkulepe; Kriitika mõistmiseks. Kirjanike vastuoludest seoses Eesti Kultuurkapitali seadusega

  15. Opõtõ analititsheskogo tshtenija : "Russkije nots'i" V. Odojevskogo, "Ussomnivs'iisja Makar" A. Platonova / Jelena Grigorjeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigorjeva, Jelena, 1959-

    1999-01-01

    Bibl. lk. 268-269. Kokkuvõte inglise k. " Analytical reading: "Russkie nochi" by V. Odoyevsky. "Usomnivschijsja Makar" by A. Platonov, lk. 269. Kokkuvõte eesti k. "Analüütilise lugemise kogemus: V. Odojevski "Vene ööd". A. Platonovi "Kahtleja Makar", lk. 269-270

  16. A Computationally Efficient Algorithm for Disturbance Cancellation to Meet the Requirements for Optical Payloads in Satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-09-01

    Finite Impulse Response xvii DFT Discrete Fourier Transform SNR Signal to Noise Ratio CPU Central Processing Unit A/D Analog to Digital Converter D/A... Biblioteca São José dos Campos - SP Brazil iab@bibl.ita.cta.br 5. Professor Brij N. Agrawal Mail Code: AA/Ag Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics

  17. Suurlinnade pikk vari : Baudelaire, modernism ja Eesti / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2000-01-01

    Bibl. joonealustes viidetes. Walter Benjamini ja Michel Faucault' Baudelaire'i-uurimustest. Charles Baudelaire'i luule retseptsioonist Eestis. Ilmunud ka: Vikerkaar 20 : valik esseesid 1986-2005 / koostaja Märt Väljataga. - Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006, lk. 317-330

  18. Vesuvius, the Tengger Mountains and the problem of calderas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Escher, B.G.

    1926-01-01

    Until recently there was no good general map of the Tengger Mountains, so that in 1914 F. von Wolff (bibl. 1) in his work „Der Vulkanismus”, vol. I, p. 510—511, gives a reproduction of Pr. Junghuhn's map of 1844. For a volcanic district that has frequently been used as an example of a caldera and ha

  19. [Comparative ophthalmology in the Middle Ages].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norn, M; Norn, O

    2001-01-01

    Descriptions of animal eyes in the Middle Ages in the learned work Physiologus from the 4th century, based on Aristoteles, Plutarc, the Bible etc. are commented on. The modern biologist is horrified, the historian understands the ethical - religious aspects behind the edifying stories concerning the lion, gazelle, eagle, snake, lizard, swallow etc. Medical science and theology were not separated in the Middle Ages.

  20. Contextualizing a Master: Nehama Leibowitz, History and Exegesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levenson, Alan T.

    2011-01-01

    Levenson presents Nehama Leibowitz (1903-1997) as a principal figure in making the Bible a centerpiece of modern Jewish intellectual life. Complementing the already impressive literature on Leibowitz's pedagogical techniques, Levenson emphasizes the interdependence of Leibowitz's historical context, biography, and exegetical stance. Leibowitz's…

  1. "Words with Power" for Social Transformation: An Anatomy of Biblical Criticism for Theological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker-Jones, Arthur

    2008-01-01

    The proliferation of methods of literary criticism in biblical studies raises the question of how to introduce students to the field. This article argues that the work of Northrop Frye is useful for teaching the existential meaning and social impact of the Bible. The first section introduces relevant aspects of Frye's literary theory. The second…

  2. Koidula... Kingissepa vastu / Kaljo-Olev Veskimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veskimägi, Kaljo, 1930-2011

    2005-01-01

    Lydia Koidula põrmu Eestisse toomise katsetest enne 1946. a. Põhjalikumalt on kirjeldatud läbirääkimisi Nõukogude Venemaaga a-tel 1930-1931. Ka Koidula tütre Hedvig Michelsoni saatusest (suri okt. 1941). Bibl. viidetes lk. 131. Autorist lk. 304

  3. Scriptural Engagement, Communication with God, and Moral Behavior among Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovwigho, Pamela Caudill; Cole, Arnold

    2010-01-01

    How often an individual reads or listens to scripture is one dimension of private spirituality rarely discussed in the literature. In this study, we use data from a random sample survey of 1009 American children (ages eight to 12) to explore children's engagement with the Christian Bible, their views of communicating with God, and their moral…

  4. Exploring Relationships among Strengths Use, Spirituality, Religion and Positive Mental Health of College-Attending Emerging Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Wendy M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the relationships among strengths use, spirituality, religion, and positive mental health of 109 traditional undergraduate, college-attending emerging adults in a public university in the southern region of the United States, often referred to as the Bible-Belt. Constructs of the study were guided by a student…

  5. Formirovanije literaturnogo kanona v knige Ariadnõ Tõrkovoi-Viljams "Zhizn Pushkina" / Alexandra Smith

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smith, Alexandra

    2000-01-01

    Bibl. märkustes, lk. 280-281 Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 444-445. Ariadna Tyrkova-Williamsi kirjutatud Pushkini biograafiast "Zhizn Pushkina" (1. osa ilmus Pariisis 1929. a., 2. osa 1948). Ka A. Tyrkova-Williamsist (1869-1962)

  6. Translating Romans: some persistent headaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B. du Toit

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Translating Romans: some persistent headaches Gone are the days when it was axiomatic that expertise in biblical languages automatically qualified one as a Bible translator. In 1949, Ronald Knox, who for nine years conscientiously struggled with translating the Bible for his generation, published a booklet under the title The trials of a translator. At that stage Bible translation as the subject of scientific study was still in its infancy. Since then, research into the intricacies of communicating the biblical message in an authentic but understandable manner, has made significant progress (cf. Roberts, 2009. However, the frustrations of Bible translators, first of all to really understand what the biblical authors wanted to convey to their original addressees, and then to commu-nicate that message to their own targeted readers in a meaningful way, have not disappeared. In fact, the challenge to meet the vary-ing requirements of the multiple kinds of translation that are present-ly in vogue, has only increased.

  7. A brief history of soils and human health work and needs for the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    The idea that human health is tied to the soil is not a new one. As far back as circa 1400 B.C. the Bible depicts Moses as understanding that fertile soil was essential to the well-being of his people. In 400 B.C. the Greek philosopher Hippocrates provided a list of things that should be considered ...

  8. MYTHOLOGICAL ANALOGIES IN P. ZUSKIN’S NOVEL “PERFUME”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chumakov S. N.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes and comments the implied mythological analogies of the main character’s in P. Zuskin’s novel “Perfume”. It seeks to determine the similarity of his image with the bible and ancient Greek characters, proving its trustworthiness, although it creates ambiguity of the interpretation of the text

  9. [Characteristics of anthrax: its description and biblical name--Shehin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Noun, Liubov

    2002-05-01

    The illness known as Anthrax is very rare in the west. In developing countries relatively significant numbers of cases are found, particularly in animals. However, biological terrorist acts could cause it to spread. In Hebrew, the illness is now called Gahelet or Gameret. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the illness is described in the Bible, and if so, to present that description and provide a broader survey of the features of this illness. The word Gahelet appears in the Bible, but not indicating a disease, while the source of Gameret is in the Talmud. In the Bible, Shehin is mentioned as the sixth of the ten plagues in Egypt, and also as the disease that affected Job. The natural course of the condition, as described in the Bible, matches the clinical symptoms of Anthrax, as we know it today. The Hebrew Language Academy is therefore advised to adopt the findings of this paper, and confirm the name of the illness in Israel--Shehin.

  10. [Dreams in ancient Hebrew sources].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kottek, Samuel S

    2009-01-01

    As in many cultures dreams are, in Hebrew sources, the object of numerous questions where are dreams from? Which is their function? Are they a physical or metaphysical phenomenon? The article analyzes the topic of nature of dreams in the Bible, with a particolar attention devoted to the Joseph's history. Talmudic text are, in particular, rich in references.

  11. "Who Am I?": The Biblical Moses as a Metaphor for Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravett, Emily O.

    2015-01-01

    This essay presents Moses, the protagonist of the biblical books of Exodus and Deuteronomy in the Hebrew Bible, as a playful but generative metaphor for current teaching practices and experiences in higher education, including my own. Among numerous similarities (such as the fact that Moses, other teachers, and I are all bound by context), the…

  12. A theological view of nuclear energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pollard, W.G.

    1982-07-01

    The author presents a theological perspective on nuclear power based on Israel's history, as revealed in the Hebrew Bible and the Alexandrian Greek Septuagint. Nuclear energy is described as God's energy choice for the whole of creation, which can be made as safe as traditional sources.

  13. Reconsidering the Role of Memory in Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brancatelli, Robert

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the importance of memory in the Hebrew bible and how memory lay at the center of Ancient Israel's religious faith and cultural identity. It argues for a similar, albeit nuanced, memory-based approach to contemporary Christian religious education. It analyzes memory through the lens of Paul Ricoeur's hermeneutic of…

  14. The Troubles of Templeless Judah

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Middlemas, Jill

    The time of the Babylonian captivity (c.587-539 BCE) is of seminal importance for the formation of the Hebrew Bible, as well as for the religious development of Judaism. Previous studies of this era have usually privileged the perspective of the community of exiles in Babylon (the Golah...

  15. "I Did Not Wash My Feet with that Woman": Using Dramatic Performance to Teach Biblical Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torbett, David

    2010-01-01

    The student dramatic performance is an effective way for undergraduates to learn biblical studies. In this article I will give an example of a dramatic performance assignment that I developed over a number of courses and used most recently and most successfully in an undergraduate course in the Hebrew Bible at a small liberal arts college in the…

  16. The Prosodic Basis of the Tiberian Hebrew System of Accents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dresher, Bezalel Elan

    1994-01-01

    It is argued that the Tiberian system of accents that annotate the text of the Hebrew Bible has a prosodic basis. Tiberian representation can best be understood by integrating results of phonological, phonetic, and psycholinguistic research on prosodic structure. (93 references) (Author/LB)

  17. Religious Education Forum: Legitimizing Your Value List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Alfred

    1979-01-01

    Addressing the problem that educators have in compiling a legitimate list of values to teach, the author examines the Bible as a source of value legitimacy and details the values expressed in the Hebrew and Christian covenants, the Ten Commandments, and the six beatitudes. (SJL)

  18. Rahab the Whore (Joshua 2 and 6)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brenner, Athalya

    1998-01-01

    What would biblical narratives look like if rewritten with modern and post-modern concerns in mind, in addition to those of the contemporary Bible and literature scholars, and their contents and theology are made relevant for today's readers in non-traditional way? Here is an example, a fictive auto

  19. Bernard of Clairvaux

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2011-01-01

    Bernard of Clairvaux and his relationship to the bible. The article points to the fact that Bernard has a scripturally based theology. Bernard's theology of love is constituted by a reading of the biblical key texts on love, often read through the lenses of Paul and John....

  20. 77 FR 54877 - Request for Proposals (RFP): Farm Labor Housing Technical Assistance Grants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ..., or agency of the grantee, or such person's immediate family members conducts business with the... Time, on November 5, 2012. The application closing deadline is firm as to date and hour. RHS will not... USDA--Rural Housing Service; Attention: Mirna Reyes-Bible, Finance and Loan Analyst, Multi-...

  1. Hey, Small Spender: An Insider's Guide to Navigating ALA's Chicago Conference on the Cheap

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Library Journal, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an insider's guide to navigating the American Library Association's (ALA) annual conference in Chicago on July 9-15. As for the extracurricular activities, Chicago has a lot to offer. This article provides tips from the arts and entertainment bible "Time Out Chicago" on where to go and what to do (on a limited…

  2. Fundamentals of convolutional coding

    CERN Document Server

    Johannesson, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    Fundamentals of Convolutional Coding, Second Edition, regarded as a bible of convolutional coding brings you a clear and comprehensive discussion of the basic principles of this field * Two new chapters on low-density parity-check (LDPC) convolutional codes and iterative coding * Viterbi, BCJR, BEAST, list, and sequential decoding of convolutional codes * Distance properties of convolutional codes * Includes a downloadable solutions manual

  3. Matters arising from ``The Leonid meteor shower and the history of the Semites''Letter - Matters arising from ``The Leonid meteor shower and the history of the Semites''

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBeath, A.

    2009-10-01

    Aspects of a paper by Suleyman (2009) in this journal, relating to theoretically-strong Leonid activity in 569 AD and 1226 BC possibly having been recorded in the Quran and Bible respectively, are discussed. Little reason is found to suppose either textual source referred to such astronomical events.

  4. Euler Teaches a Class in Structural Steel Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyajian, David M.

    2009-01-01

    Even before steel was a topic of formal study for structural engineers, the brilliant eighteenth century Swiss mathematician and physicist, Leonhard Euler (1707-1783), investigated the theory governing the elastic behaviour of columns, the results of which are incorporated into the American Institute of Steel Construction's (AISC's) Bible: the…

  5. Pismo doktoru Gustavu Kolbu, redaktoru "Vseobshtshei gazetõ" / Fjodor Tjuttshev ; perevod s frantsuzskogo V. Miltshinoi, publikatsija V. Miltshinoi i A. Ospovata, vstup. zametka A. Ospovata

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тютчев, Федор, 1803-1873

    1999-01-01

    Bibl. märkustes lk. 188-200. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 321. Kiri ajalehe "Allgemeine Zeitung" (Augsburg) toimetajale Gustav Kolbile (1844, prantsuse k.). Artikli venek. versioon (pealk. "Venemaa ja Saksamaa") publitseeriti ajakirjas Russki arhiv (1873, nr. 10)

  6. On the Cultural Input in College English Lexical Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Feng-xia; WANG Li-ping

    2014-01-01

    Culture impacts the comprehension of semantic meanings. Based on the interrelationship between language, culture and Input Hypothesis, the author illustrates how to enhance cultural input in College English lexical teaching from the aspects of word origins, Bible and Greek Mythology, original English movies, TV programs and contrastive study between Chinese and western cultural patterns.

  7. Väärtused Theognise luulekogumikus Corpus Theognideum / Martin Suuroja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suuroja, Martin

    2002-01-01

    Bibl. lk. 1413-1414. Kokkuvõte "Values in Theognis' collection of poems Corpus Theognideum", lk. 1537-1538. Theognise (552-549) luulekogumiku põhjal analüüsitakse Kreeka ühiskonnas domineerinud väärtusi

  8. 20 CFR 404.716 - Type of evidence of age to be given.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.716 Type of evidence of age... date of birth or age at a certain time such as: an original family bible or family record; school...; insurance policies; a marriage record; a passport; an employment record; a delayed birth certificate,...

  9. Religion Education Teaching in Zimbabwe Secondary Schools: The Search for an Authentic Values-Oriented Multi-Faith Religion Education Pedagogical Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndlovu, Lovemore

    2014-01-01

    Religion Education teaching in post-independence Zimbabwe has remained bible-oriented and confessional at a time when most Religion Education stakeholders expect an "open", plural and authentic multi-faith Religion Education curriculum. Despite curriculum innovation initiatives aimed at introducing new approaches such as experiential…

  10. Christian Leadership Literature Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Connie Chuen Ying

    2007-01-01

    Background: Christian leadership is distinctively different from other major leadership conceptions such as instructional, transactional, and transformational leadership conceptions. With few studies found, the author had to consult the Bible and also non-school Christian literature instead, focusing on Hong Kong principal leadership in Protestant…

  11. Best of 2008: Magazines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Steve

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the 10 best new magazines of 2008. They are: (1) BBC Knowledge; (2) Bible Study Magazine; (3) Culture: The Word on Cheese; (4) Food Network Magazine; (5) Lapham's Quarterly; (6) Miller-McCune; (7) NCAA Champion; (8) Science Illustrated; (9) Strategy; and (10) World Affairs. These magazines have in common the potential to…

  12. Religion and Attitudes toward Divorce Laws among U.S. Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokes, Charles E.; Ellison, Christopher G.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines religious differences in attitudes toward divorce laws among U.S. adults. Using pooled data from the 2000-2006 NORC General Social Surveys (N = 5,683), we find that frequency of religious attendance and belief that the Bible is the Word of God are strong predictors of support for stricter laws governing divorce. Indeed, these…

  13. A Book for None? Teaching Biblical Studies to Millennial Nones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Randall

    2016-01-01

    The millennial generation is distinctive for several reasons, not the least is its growing religious disaffiliation. Given a growing disinterest in religion in general and the Bible in particular especially among the fast growing group of millennial "nones" how can biblical studies classes still be seen as appealing and relevant? This…

  14. Madis Kõivu tagasitulek patafüüsikasse / Mardi Valgemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valgemäe, Mardi, 1935-

    2000-01-01

    Bibl. joonealustes viidetes. Madis Kõivu näidendiloomingust, eriti näidenditest "Küüni täitmine" (kirjutatud koos Hando Runneliga, kasutades varjunime Jaanus Andreus Nooremb) ja "Tagasitulek isa juurde". Seoseid sürrealismi ja absurdiga (Alfred Jarry, Samuel Beckett, Eugene Ionesco)

  15. The Impossible Voyage of Noah's Ark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Robert A.

    1983-01-01

    A direct and definitive response to the creationist Noah's ark arguments is presented in this publication. Although the Bible is used as a constant reference point, the author does not engage in biblical criticism. The critique is rather directed at the leading creationist books and experimental studies that seek to scientifically prove that the…

  16. Dinosaurs on the Ark: The Creation Museum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asma, Stephen T.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author describes the Creation Museum, founded by Ken A. Ham and designed as a rebuttal to the evolutionary view taken by other natural history museums. He discusses the socially conservative roots of the museum's exhibits, and presents Ham's answers to questions about the museum. The message of the museum is that the Bible is…

  17. Political and Legal Theory in Judaism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiser, Burton M.

    1984-01-01

    How rabbinic Judaism interprets the following laws and doctrines from the Bible is examined: the seven mitzvot of the Sons of Noah, laws of war, doctrines concerning the administration of justice, and political organization according to Abravenel. Spinoza's contribution to modern political thought is described. (RM)

  18. Effectiveness of exercise therapy: a best-evidence summary of systematic reviews.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smidt, N.; Vet, H.C.W. de; Bouter, L.M.; Dekker, J.; Arendzen, J.H.; Bie, R.A. de; Bierma-Zeinstra, S.M.; Helders, P.J.M.; Keus, S.H.; Kwakkel, G.; Lenssen, T.; Oostendorp, R.A.B.; Ostelo, R.W.J.G.; Reijman, M.; Terwee, C.B.; Theunissen, C.; Thomas, S.; Baar, M.E. van; Hul, A. van 't; Peppen, R.P. van; Verhagen, A.; Windt, D.A.W.M. van der

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to summarise the available evidence on the effectiveness of exercise therapy for patients with disorders of the musculoskeletal, nervous, respiratory, and cardiovascular systems. Systematic reviews were identified by means of a comprehensive search strategy in 11 bibl

  19. Jaap van Praag

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gasenbeek, A.

    2007-01-01

    PRAAG, JAAP VAN (1911-1981), Dutch organizer and theoretician of organized HUMANISM. Jaap van Praag was born on May 11, 1911, in Amsterdam. He grew up in a secular Jewish and socialist family. Mainly through his mother and by much reading he acquired considerable knowledge of the Bible. He studied D

  20. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 39

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-10-01

    Merrick E. Krause, USAF Director of NDU Press Editor Colonel Debra Taylor, USA Deputy Director of NDU Press Managing Editor Calvin B. Kelley George C...contracted in times of drought or seasonal change, [and] some of us were periodi- cally becoming them.”4 This process is depicted in the Bible , when

  1. Manufacturing Technology for Shipbuilding (National Shipbuilding Research Program)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-01

    group that has the same nature of work and should be the bible of hull construction. In other words, the plan and the schedule should drive the work and...16. Piping and HVAC Section, S. Caronna 17. Outfitting Section, W. Calvin 18. Electrical Section, D. Mouney 19. Engineering Planning and Scheduling

  2. Developing Breast Cancer Program at Xavier: Genomic and Proteomic Analysis of Signaling Pathways Involved in Xenohormone and MEK5 Regulation of Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-01

    young students through Bible study to prepare them for their First Communion. - Prepared lecture and testing materials for the students. * Facilitated...MADE 13. OFFICIAL SIGNING FOR APPLICANT ORGANIZATION Name Gene D’Amour Name Calvin S. Tregre Title Senior Vice President for Resource Development

  3. Visionary Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-04

    was not one to seek inspiration in a wide array of sources; he read newspapers, the Bible , and the Bard (especially "Macbeth," "Hamlet" and "Richard...DC: Government Printing Office 1989. Wall, James M. "Wanted: Leaders With Vision." Christian Century, 23 September 1987, 779. Waller, Calvin General

  4. Is Leaving the Middle East a Viable Option

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    was quickened by the Bible or A Thousand and One Arabian Nights. They were dazzled by its splendor, variety, and decadence. Philanthropic...and missionary endeavors in the Mideast.12 Harding’s successors in the White House— Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover—hewed to similar insular views

  5. The Inside Story: Find the Full Content of Children's Books on the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Anna; Mowers, Helen

    2008-01-01

    The largest collection of free electronic books for all ages, Project Gutenberg has a goal of making digital versions of public domain works freely available to anyone. Staffed by volunteers, the collection has three main sections: (1) light literature (like "Alice in Wonderland"); (2) heavy literature (like the Bible); and (3) reference (like…

  6. A CHURCH INTERRUPTED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The history of a German-built Protestant church in Qingdao offers a sketch of Christianity's development in modern China Li Hong's father used to wedge his Bible into a thick mat so it wouldn't be confiscated. That was during the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976, when all religions were suppressed, she said.

  7. 如何种出好玉米?(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    It is possible to give away and become richer!It is alsopossible to hold on too tightly and lose everything.——The Bible There once was a farmer who grew award-winning corn.Each year he entered his corn

  8. The Lost and Regained Paradise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙甜

    2007-01-01

    The Bible is an abundant source for modern literature.D.H.Lawrence seems to have a special preference for the LostParadise.Seeking for a new world is the expression of his ideal of the reconstruction of the Garden of Eden.

  9. But ... Dad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄蓓

    2005-01-01

    @@ A young boy had just gotten his driving permit. He asked his father, who was a minister, if they could discuss his use of the family car. His father said to him, "I'll make a deal with you. You bring your grades up, study your bible a little, and get your hair cut, and then we will talk about it."

  10. BACKGROUND OF UNIQUE NUSHU LANGUAGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    天卉; 李晓勤; 袁雪芬; 吕万英; 何新敏; 余承法

    2005-01-01

    For thousands of years Chinese women were denied access to learning, so it is quite extraordinary that the women of Jiangyong County, Hunan Province created,through their own ingenuity, courage and intelligence, created an inclusive writing system for women. “It's the Bible of the world's women,” remarked a French feminist.

  11. Literal Translation and Free Translation in the Translation of the Bible——Struggles and Compromises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琰; 陈懿

    2008-01-01

    This essay attempts to explore the struggles and compromises of literal translation and free translation in the Bible translation,and comes to the conclusion that the two methods experienced a process from being immature to mature till the final merge of them,which reflected the need of the readers and the social settings of different epochs.

  12. Eesti kirjanduskriitika kõnelused Uku Masinguga. Monoloog või dialoog? / Külliki Vulf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vulf, Külliki, 1975

    2002-01-01

    Bibl. joonealustes viidetes. Kokkuvõte: Estonian literary critics addressing Uku Masing: monologue or dialogue?, lk. 456. Uku Masingu loomingu, eriti luule retseptsioonist. Vastukaja: Muru, Karl. Lisandusi Uku Masingu retseptsiooniloole : (Külliki Vulfi ärgitusel) // Keel ja Kirjandus (2002) nr. 11, lk. 809-814

  13. Using Twitter to Teach Reader-Oriented Biblical Interpretation: "Tweading" the Gospel of Mark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Robert, Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Twitter offers an engaging way to introduce students to reader-oriented interpretation of the Bible. The exercise described here introduces students to the idea that the reader has a role in the production of a text's meaning, which thus varies from reader to reader. Twitter enables us to capture the real-time thoughts of a variety of…

  14. L’impératif sacrificiel et ses masques

    OpenAIRE

    Scubla, Lucien

    2007-01-01

    À propos de : Hyam Maccoby, L’exécuteur sacré. Le sacrifice humain et le legs de la culpabilité. Traduit de l’anglais par Elsa Rooke. Paris, Les Éditions du Cerf, 1999, 255 p., bibl., index, ill. (« Passages »).

  15. Positive Role Models vs. Bullies: Can They Be Distinguished by Following Articulate Animals into Worlds of Suspended Disbelief?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Suzanne

    2011-01-01

    Orally and later in written form, stories have been used to identify and reinforce the values of a culture. The parables of the Bible and the vocalization of articulate animals in Aesop fables continue to be used to teach morals to children. While the majority of existing research investigates the effective use of animals as a tool in character…

  16. Muistsed jumalad ühiskonna teenistuses : pseudomütoloogia Eesti avalikkuses 19. ja 20. sajandil / Ants Viires

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viires, Ants, 1918-2015

    2001-01-01

    Bibl. viidetes, lk. 519-520. Varem ilmunud: Ethnologia Europaea, 1991, nr. 21. Pealk.: Pseudomythology in Estonian publicity in the 19th and 20th century. Pseudomütoloogiliste kangelaste laiem levik algas Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi "Kalevipoja" ja Fr. R. Faehlmanni muistendite avaldamisega

  17. Poetry of the Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boitani, P.

    2011-06-01

    From Homer to the Bible looking at the heavenly vault is an enchanted moment in human life. It produces that wonder which Aristotle maintains is the beginning of the love of wisdom, that is to say of philosophy, science, and philomythia-the love of myth: poetry.

  18. Homoerotik und Hebräische Bibel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hügel, K.

    2009-01-01

    I discuss all relevant texts of the Hebrew Bible concerning "homoeroticism" in detail within the framework of reader-response criticism and intertextuality: both the legal texts Leviticus 18:22 and 20:13 and the narratives of Sodom, of Gibeah, of Ham and Noah, of Saul, David and Jonathan and of Ruth

  19. The Rise and Fall of Religious Knowledge in Singapore Secondary Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Jason

    1997-01-01

    Examines the short-lived imposition by the Singaporean government of religious knowledge as a compulsory subject for upper secondary students. The original required course contained six options: Bible knowledge, Islamic religious knowledge, Buddhist studies, Confucian ethics, Hindu studies, and Sikh studies. The course became optional in 1989.…

  20. On Sources of the First Russian Old Testament Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Yuryevna Anders

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at description of a hand written manuscript that has not been studied though it is known as the earliest Russian Old Testament translation from Hebrew (1806 made by a preach Mikhail Fotinskij. The author presents some references on possible text sources which were used by the translator and analyzes their contents. Among these texts there are Old-Church Slavonic text from Elisabeth Bible, Hebrew Bible, commentaries of Hebrew scholars and some others. It is stated that the text sources mentioned above had had different degrees of influence on translation process of Mikhail Fotinskij. Despite the translation purpose that was Hebrew translation and even correction of Old-Church Slavonic translation, the Old-Church Slavonic text was still important and authoritative for the translator, who was an Orthodox preach. Having compared interpretations of Old Testament by famous middle century Hebrew scholars (Rashi and Ibn Ezra the author came to the conclusion that probably Mikhail Fotinskij used commentaries of Hebrew scholar Rashi though they served as an instrument for constructing translator's own opinion about Judaic exegesis. The intention of Mikhail Fotinskij "to improve" the Old-Church Slavonic text of the Bible, to call the Hebrew text original, and to use freely Hebrew Bible and the Judaic commentaries can explain why the manuscript of the Fotinskij's translation was not excepted by his contemporaries because of the translator's intention to correct the Old-Church Slavonic text and his usage of Judaic commentary.